WorldWideScience

Sample records for cahiers droit sciences

  1. Memoirs of law, sciences and technologies - Law and climate thematic issue; Cahiers droit, sciences et technologies - Dossier thematique droit et climat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torre-Schaub, M. [CNRS, IDHE ENS-Cachan (France); Jouzel, J. [IPSL-LSCE, CEA-CNRS, UVSQ, CE Saclay 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Boisson de Chazournes, L. [Faculte de droit, Geneve Univ. (Switzerland); Sadeleer, N. de; Denis, B. [Saint-Louis Univ., Brussels (Belgium); Godard, O. [CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Dep. Humanites et Sciences Sociales (France); Le Prestre, P. [Laval univ. (Canada); Maljean-Dubois, S. [CNRS, CERIC, Paul Cezanne Univ., Aix-en-Provence (France); Wemaere, M. [IDDRI, Dep. Climat et Energie (France); Rousseaux, S. [CNRS, Droit et Changement Social, Association Climaterre (France); Louchard, O. [Reseau Action Climat (France)

    2009-07-01

    This dossier is organized around two essential points: 1 - climate is a scientific question which combines science and governance. In this context, the last IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) report gives an essential place to uncertainties with claiming that 'it is more probable than improbable that we may be in an irreversible process of global warming'. Therefore, it has become necessary to think about the management of uncertainties using law and to a massive mobilization of the precaution principle. The essential economical aspects to the implementation of a significant abatement of greenhouse gases cannot be passed over in silence as well. Finally, the civil society occupies a more and more important place, not only in international negotiations, but inside the countries as well. 2 - Global warming is thinkable at a World scale only. This implies that some kind of a climate geopolitics is emerging in the World, considering the existence at the same time of different sources and different problems to deal with (technical, economical) depending on the regions of the world. From the strictly legal point of view, the scenarios presented at Bali consider the World by 2012 onward. In this context, the fight against global warming mobilizes several legal instruments, some being new and the others being not. We assist to a real law genesis. The emissions trading markets, for instance, and other financial mechanisms, belong to these new instruments. However, using old legal means to solve new problems is another way to create law. It is also important to stress on the fact that the international law is not the only possible legal mean to square the fight against global warming. The liability right for the violation of a public property, i.e. the atmosphere, remains an instrument combining experience and novelty and has proved itself in several countries. Finally, in France, the 'Grenelle de l'Environnement' policy has led to an

  2. LE DROIT COMME SCIENCE THEORIQUE

    OpenAIRE

    Lucretia DOGARU

    2014-01-01

    Un des phénomenes sociaux les plus importants est le phénomene juridique du droit positif, les faits et les rapports juridiques, la conscience juridique, les formes institutionnalisées a caractere juridique, et qui, en conséquence, représente une partie du phénomene juridique et non pas le phénomene meme. Par rapport a la Philosophie du droit, qui étudie le droit du point de vue philosophique, la Théorie Générale du droit l’étudie du point de vue juridique; elle étudie les formes, les contenu...

  3. Le droit tchèque de la consommation en marche vers l’Union européenne : Cahiers du CEFRES N° 27f, Le droit communautaire de la consommation et sa transposition dans les Etats membres et dans les pays candidats (les exemples français et tchèque)

    OpenAIRE

    LIBÁNSKÝ, Václav

    2001-01-01

    International audience Dans cet article, Libansky discute les conclusions de deux séminaires (1998 et 2001) sur l’incorporation du droit communautaire de la consommation dans les droits des Etats membres et des pays candidats, en montrant la proximités des problèmes liés à cette incorporation entre les différents pays concernés, et en s’appuyant sur l’avis des experts européens. Il fait avant tout référence au mode d’application des directives adopté par la France, et analyse l’état actuel...

  4. Cahiers voor fysische chemie: 1 Oplossingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frens, G.

    1988-01-01

    Dit boekje is één van de drie "cahiers" uit het Laboratorium voor Fysische Chemie van de TU Delft. De cahiers gaan over de fysische chemie van oplossingen, van colloiden en van polymeren. Wat er in staat wordt onderwezen op colleges, maar de cahiers zijn géén collegedictaten. Er staat dus niet in wa

  5. Cahiers voor fysische chemie: 2 Colloiden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frens, G.

    1988-01-01

    Dit boekje is één van de drie "cahiers" uit het Laboratorium voor Fysische Chemie van de TU Delft. De cahiers gaan over de fysische chemie van oplossingen, van colloiden en van polymeren. Wat er in staat wordt onderwezen op colleges, maar de cahiers zijn géén collegedictaten. Er staat dus niet in wa

  6. Cahier illustré

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    1. – Marchande de sardines des Sables-d’Olonne. Les activités littorales peuvent être reconstituées dans un studio, comme pour cette carte postale (coll. part.). 2. – Activité goémonière, en 1911. Les peintres sont également sensibles aux activités traditionnelles. Pierre-Georges Jeanniot représente le brûlage du goémon, afin d’en faire de la soude pour l’engrais, à proximité des habitations (à droite) (Pierre-Georges Jeanniot, Récolte de la soude, coll. Historial de la Vendée). 3-4-5. – Qu...

  7. Introduction au droit commercial

    OpenAIRE

    Thirion, Nicolas; Delvaux, Thierry; Benoit-Moury, Anne

    2009-01-01

    Le cours d'introduction au droit commercial, destiné à des non-juristes, a pour objet de décrire, dans ses grandes lignes, le régime juridique applicable à l'organisation et au fonctionnement de l'économie. Les liens avec des disciplines autres que le droit, notamment l'économie et l'histoire, seront privilégiés, afin d'adapter la matière aux besoins et centres d'intérêts d'étudiants en sciences humaines. Après une introduction générale, le cours s'articule autour de la trilogie fondamentale ...

  8. Cahiers voor fysische chemie: 2 Colloiden

    OpenAIRE

    Frens, G.

    1988-01-01

    Dit boekje is één van de drie "cahiers" uit het Laboratorium voor Fysische Chemie van de TU Delft. De cahiers gaan over de fysische chemie van oplossingen, van colloiden en van polymeren. Wat er in staat wordt onderwezen op colleges, maar de cahiers zijn géén collegedictaten. Er staat dus niet in wat men kennen moet om in Delft een tentamen fysische chemie te halen. Eigenlijk is in de cahiers opgeschreven wat men over oplossingen, colloiden en macromoleculen zou moeten weten en onthouden na z...

  9. Cahiers voor fysische chemie: 1 Oplossingen

    OpenAIRE

    Frens, G.

    1988-01-01

    Dit boekje is één van de drie "cahiers" uit het Laboratorium voor Fysische Chemie van de TU Delft. De cahiers gaan over de fysische chemie van oplossingen, van colloiden en van polymeren. Wat er in staat wordt onderwezen op colleges, maar de cahiers zijn géén collegedictaten. Er staat dus niet in wat men kennen moet om in Delft een tentamen fysische chemie te halen. Eigenlijk is in de cahiers opgeschreven wat men over oplossingen, colloiden en macromoleculen zou moeten weten en onthouden na z...

  10. Droit constitutionnel belge - Syllabus du cours (année académique 2015-2016)

    OpenAIRE

    Behrendt, Christian

    2016-01-01

    Syllabus pour les cours de Droit constitutionnel (DROI1203-4 et DROI1203-7) à la Faculté de droit, de science politique et de criminologie de l'Université de Liège ; syllabus pour le cours de Droit constitutionnel au Collège de Défense de l'Ecole Royale Militaire.

  11. The aesthetics of laboratory inscription: Claude Bernard's Cahier Rouge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sattar, Atia

    2013-03-01

    This essay explores the aesthetic sensibilities of the French physiologist Claude Bernard (1813-1878). In particular, it analyzes the Cahier Rouge (1850-1860), Bernard's acclaimed laboratory notebook. In this notebook, Bernard articulates the range of his experience as an experimental physiologist, juxtaposing without differentiation details of laboratory procedure and more personal queries, doubts, and reflections on experimentation, life, and art. Bernard's insights, it is argued, offer an aesthetic and phenomenological template for considering experimentation. His physiological point of view ranges from his own bodily aesthesis or sensory perception, through personal reflections on scientific discovery as an artistic process, to a broader metaphysical conception of life as an artistic creation. Such an aesthetic approach to physiology enables Bernard to reconcile his empirical methodology and his romantic idealism; it offers the history of laboratory science a framework for considering the individual, bodily, and emotional labor inherent in physiological experimentation. PMID:23789508

  12. The aesthetics of laboratory inscription: Claude Bernard's Cahier Rouge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sattar, Atia

    2013-03-01

    This essay explores the aesthetic sensibilities of the French physiologist Claude Bernard (1813-1878). In particular, it analyzes the Cahier Rouge (1850-1860), Bernard's acclaimed laboratory notebook. In this notebook, Bernard articulates the range of his experience as an experimental physiologist, juxtaposing without differentiation details of laboratory procedure and more personal queries, doubts, and reflections on experimentation, life, and art. Bernard's insights, it is argued, offer an aesthetic and phenomenological template for considering experimentation. His physiological point of view ranges from his own bodily aesthesis or sensory perception, through personal reflections on scientific discovery as an artistic process, to a broader metaphysical conception of life as an artistic creation. Such an aesthetic approach to physiology enables Bernard to reconcile his empirical methodology and his romantic idealism; it offers the history of laboratory science a framework for considering the individual, bodily, and emotional labor inherent in physiological experimentation.

  13. Droit et travail

    OpenAIRE

    Chambost, Isabelle; Dressen, Marnix; Maugeri, Salvatore; Touchelay, Béatrice

    2015-01-01

    Une des motivations de ce Corpus consacré aux rapports entre le droit et le travail renvoie assurément aux lois Auroux de 1982, dont on a célébré il y a peu le quarantième anniversaire. Ces lois garantissaient aux salariés de meilleurs droits ainsi qu’une plus grande capacité à accéder à des informations touchant à la marche de l’entreprise (notamment grâce au renforcement des prérogatives économiques des comités d’entreprise). On pouvait ainsi espérer l’inscription du droit du travail dans u...

  14. Le droit et les femmes

    OpenAIRE

    Collin, Françoise; Duroux, Françoise; Rochefort, Florence

    2014-01-01

    Quelques dates 1804 Le code civil napoléonien efface les quelques dispositions prises en 1792 sur le droit au divorce et restaure l’incapacité civile des femmes mariées. 1886 Rétablissement du droit au divorce. 1907 Les femmes mariées peuvent percevoir leur salaire. 1937 Trois femmes sont nommées sous-secrétaires d’État, sans droit de vote. 1944 Droit de vote pour les femmes. 1965 Droit d’exercer une profession et d’ouvrir un compte bancaire sans l’autorisation du mari. 1970 L’autorité parent...

  15. Note liminaire à la Table ronde du colloque « Jean Carbonnier, le droit, les sciences humaines, sociales et religieuses1 »

    OpenAIRE

    Carbonnier-Burkard, Marianne

    2014-01-01

    « Droit, religion et société chez Jean Carbonnier » Droit, sociologie et religion ont été les trois champs de recherche de Jean Carbonnier, en même temps que les trois pôles de son activité, comme professeur enseignant le droit et la sociologie juridique, comme praticien du droit, comme croyant et protestant engagé. Sa bibliothèque de travail, à Paris, reflétait cette tripartition fondamentale : trois travées d’étagères, ou plutôt trois murs de la même pièce. Au fil des ans, la distinction av...

  16. Droit du travail

    OpenAIRE

    De Quenaudon, René

    2016-01-01

    L’association des deux notions, celle de droit du travail et celle de RSE (responsabilité sociale des entreprises), relève du défi, tout au moins dans le contexte juridique français. C’est un peu comme si l’on prétendait pouvoir mélanger l’eau et le feu. Pourquoi ? Parce que classiquement le droit du travail est présenté comme un ensemble de règles assorties de la contrainte étatique dans les relations entre employeurs et salariés alors que la RSE est présentée comme un ensemble d’engagements...

  17. Culture et droit processuel en Belgique

    OpenAIRE

    de Leval, Georges; Georges, Frédéric

    2010-01-01

    Cet ouvrage regroupe le rapport de synthèse, les rapports généraux et les rapports nationaux relatifs aux quatre thèmes suivants : culture et droit civil, culture et droit international, culture et droit processuel et culture et droit des affaires

  18. Droit des organisations internationales

    CERN Document Server

    Sorel, Jean-Marc; Ndior, Valère

    2013-01-01

    Cet ouvrage collectif offre aux enseignants et chercheurs en droit international, aux praticiens et aux étudiants, une analyse actualisée du droit des organisations internationales. Il dresse en cinq parties un tableau, illustré par des exemples variés, des problématiques que soulève le phénomène polymorphe d institutionnalisation de la société internationale. La première partie est consacrée au phénomène des « organisations internationales », sous l angle à la fois de l institutionnalisation progressive des relations internationales et de la difficulté à cerner une catégorie unifiée. La deuxième partie rend compte de la création, de la disparition et des mutations des organisations internationales, ici envisagées comme systèmes institutionnels et ordres juridiques dérivés. La troisième partie analyse l autonomie que l acquisition de la personnalité juridique et de privilèges et immunités, un organe administratif intégré, un personnel ou un budget propres confèrent aux organi...

  19. Charles Masson, Droit du sol

    OpenAIRE

    Harzoune, Mustapha

    2013-01-01

    À Mayotte, collectivité d’outre-mer en passe de devenir le 101e département français en 2011, le droit commun français a vocation à s’appliquer. Pour autant, en matière d’entrée et de séjour des étrangers, de droit du travail et de protection sociale, tel n’est pas encore le cas. François Baroin en septembre 2005 et Christian Estrosi en février 2007 voulaient étendre cette exception au droit du sol en privant les étrangers nés à Mayotte du droit de devenir français. Il faut dire qu’il y aurai...

  20. Droit de la concurrence

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Le critère de l’efficience est au cœur d’un changement de paradigme qui s’observe dans les réflexions sur la politique et le droit de la concurrence au sein de l’UE et qui se reflète dans cette « more economic approach » que préconise la Commission. Ce constat avait incité en 2004 le groupe de travail Concurrence du vénérable Verein für Socialpolitik à rassembler autour de cette thématique praticiens (gardiens de la concurrence, entreprises) et scientifiques de renom. Au fond, le concept d’ef...

  1. Alter ego + cahier d'activités : A2

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Le cahier propose de valider et de renforcer les connaissances acquises à travers une grande variété d’activités : de vocabulaire ; de grammaire ; de communication ; de compréhension écrite et production écrite ; de plus, des activités de compréhension orale (CD audio inclus) viennent enrichir le travail sur les compétences de communication. À la fin du cahier, un portfolio permet à l’apprenant de suivre de façon active et réfléchie son apprentissage.

  2. Chapitre V. Les fondements du droit musulman

    OpenAIRE

    Bleuchot, Hervé

    2015-01-01

    260 — Le fiqh et les usûl al-fiqh. Rappelons d’abord la définition du fiqh que nous traduisons par droit musulman pour faire simple (cf. t. I, n° 1-2). Techniquement, c’est la connaissance (‘ilm, ou science) des aẖkâm (statuts des actes humains) au moyen des indices (adilla, preuves scripturaires). C’est une science pratique, par opposition à la théologie qui est une science théorique. Les usûl al-fiqh sont la science des principes (qawâ’id, règles), par lesquels on arrive à déduire le fiqh (...

  3. L’influence de Jean Carbonnier sur l’enseignement du droit : les nécessités de la rupture

    OpenAIRE

    Montain-Domenach, Jacqueline

    2014-01-01

    Les écrits de Jean Carbonnier offrent de nombreuses et importantes réflexions non seulement sur la science du droit, sur la formation des juristes, mais aussi sur l’enseignement du droit. L’orientation exclusivement professionnelle de l’enseignement dans les facultés de droit, conçue au début du XIXe, a fait l’objet de multiples analyses. Si la professionnalisation des Écoles de droit s’impose tout au long du XIXe siècle, parallèlement, se développe un mouvement critique dans le sens d’une re...

  4. Marcel Proust’s Cahier 46 – Transcription and Interpretation

    OpenAIRE

    André, Julie

    2009-01-01

    The Cahier 46 of Marcel Proust is one of the key exercise books to understand the growth of A la recherche du temps perdu. Proust wrote this exercise book mainly between 1914 and 1915. As such, it makes the transition from the novel as it had been planned by Proust before the First World War to the novel as it has been actually published after the war. Our study is based on a complete transcription of this exercise book [volume II] and proposes a literary criticism of it [volume I]. More prec...

  5. Le droit civil dans le contexte international : Journée de droit civil 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Baddeley, Margareta; Foëx, Bénédict; Leuba, Audrey; Papaux van Delden, Marie-Laure

    2012-01-01

    Cet ouvrage rassemble des contributions autour du thème Le droit civil dans le contexte international. La majorité d’entre elles reprennent les conférences présentées à l’occasion de la Journée de droit civil 2011 de la Faculté de droit de l’Université de Genève. Les textes traitent des questions d’actualité qui nécessitent l’application à la fois du droit civil interne et du droit international privé et conventionnel : le droit de la filiation et de la famille à la lumière de la Convention e...

  6. Droit, administration publique et TIC en Tunisie

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Letaief, Mustapha

    2014-01-01

    Le développement accéléré des technologies de l’information et de la communication (Tic) dans le monde a suscité et continue de susciter l’intérêt de nombreux acteurs : décideurs, managers publics et privés, entreprises, responsables administratifs, citoyens et usagers. Il ne peut donc laisser indifférents le droit et ses acteurs : législateur, pouvoir réglementaire, juges, doctrine, administration et Citoyens. Droit constitutionnel et droit administratif devaient réagir. Dans le contexte tun...

  7. Les instituts français de recherche à l’étranger au cœur d’une nouvelle « alliance » entre droit et sciences sociales The New Alliance Between Law and the Social Sciences and the Key Role of Instituts français de recherche à l’étranger (IFRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Lhuilier

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Bousculés par la mondialisation, les droits nationaux se trouvent aujourd’hui confrontés à une révolution épistémologique sans précédent. Sources traditionnelles et acteurs du droit sont remis en question par une globalisation de savoirs et pratiques qui ne sont plus seulement exportés d’un « ordre » juridique à un autre, mais progressivement déterritorialisés en autant de sphères singulières et constitutives d’espaces hybrides, pluriels et dynamiques. Ces mouvements d’un droit désormais nomade, entre « contradictions systémiques » et « conflits de loi », intensifient le rôle de la règle de droit tout autant qu’ils la fragilisent. Face à tant d’incertitudes, la doctrine semble comme désemparée, perdue dans son attachement à l’idée de systèmes de droit, de pyramides des normes, de sécurité par la loi, en bref d’« ordre » juridique. Or, cette crise intellectuelle de la doctrine juridique est exactement contemporaine de la réforme institutionnelle de la recherche en France, réforme qui atteint de plein fouet les institutions nationales traditionnelles de la pensée juridique. Dans cette recomposition de la recherche où la pensée juridique n’existe plus si elle n’est pas internationale et pluridisciplinaire, le réseau des instituts français de recherche à l’étranger (IFRE peut aujourd’hui jouer un rôle clé. Ce réseau animé par le ministère français des Affaires étrangères, sur quatre continents, a désormais naturellement vocation à accompagner l’émergence de cette pensée juridique enfin ouverte aux sciences sociales et aux dialogues intercontinentaux et que l’on pourrait donc désigner par le terme Global Legal Studies (GLS.Deeply shaken by globalization, national laws are today confronted with an unprecedented epistemological revolution. Their traditional sources and key actors are challenged by the globalization of knowledge and practices, which are

  8. Malcolm Harvey, Catherine Kirby-Légier et Marion Charret-Del Bove. Droit anglais et droit américain : cours et exercices corrigés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Deneire

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage récent, publié dans la collection Cursus chez Armand Colin, est destiné à un public de sciences politiques, de LEA, de droit et du double cursus droit-anglais. La première partie, écrite par Malcom Harvey est une introduction au droit anglais ; la deuxième, rédigée par Catherine Kirby-Légier, présente le droit américain et la troisième, composée par Marion Charret-Del Bove propose une série d’exercices d’application. Dans l’avant-propos, les auteurs invitent leurs lecteurs à consu...

  9. L'avortement : entre philosophie et droit

    OpenAIRE

    Roten, Valentin

    2014-01-01

    L'idée centrale de ce mémoire réside dans la volonté de l'auteur d'expliquer au lecteur comment un sujet moral devient (ou ne devient pas) un sujet juridique. Autrement dit de mettre en exergue l'importance de la philosophie du droit qui englobe l'entier du domaine juridique au contraire du droit écrit (droit positif). Le thème de l'avortement, de par sa sensibilité, est un sujet idéal pour montrer à quel point le droit est hétérogène en fonction des différents systèmes juridiques mondiaux. C...

  10. Le droit intermédiaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric de Mari

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available L’article retrace l’histoire d’une expression juridique, celle de « droit intermédiaire », ainsi que l’histoire de son exploitation politique destinée à dévaloriser la rupture juridique révolutionnaire. Utilisée par les juristes depuis le consulat (1799, an 8 puis par l’ensemble de la doctrine juridique comme par les historiens du droit jusqu’à aujourd’hui, l’histoire de l’expression « droit intermédiaire » et de son exploitation suit trois étapes successives. La première, sous la période napoléonienne, est celle de l’invention de l’expression par des techniciens. Ils dégradent la rupture politique du droit révolutionnaire pour servir la première codification du droit civil. La deuxième, de 1815 à 1875, impose l’expression au nom de positions politiques qui facilitent la domination des spécialistes du droit civil sur l’ensemble du droit et écartent des contradictions considérées comme marginales. La troisième, de 1875 à nos jours, parachève le succès de l’expression au nom de positions politiques actualisées (notamment la crainte du droit « révolutionnaire » soviétique ou d’un simple conformisme. L’article recommande l’adoption de l’expression « droit révolutionnaire » à la place de l’expression « droit intermédiaire » : l’expression « droit révolutionnaire » étant plus conforme à la nature de la rupture révolutionnaire.

  11. Avis à qui de droit

    OpenAIRE

    Ugochukwu, Françoise

    2013-01-01

    L’adresse indirecte, pratiquée dans l’espace commun et manifestée dans l’imbrication du nom, du proverbe et du conte, est au cœur de la communication en pays igbo. Elle est directement liée à l’extrême décentralisation du pouvoir et à son corollaire : le droit de chacun à la parole au sein de groupes sociaux fonctionnant côte à côte de façon autonome tout en comptant les uns sur les autres et en constante communication. Elle se manifeste aussi bien par les stratégies de parole que par l’utili...

  12. Comptabilité privée et formation du droit romain classique

    OpenAIRE

    Marc MALHERBE

    2005-01-01

    Comptabilité et droit n’ont pas toujours été deux sciences indépendantes. Sous l’Antiquité romaine, la comptabilité privée a largement contribué à la formation du droit romain, particulièrement entre le second siècle avant Jésus-Christ et le IIIe siècle de notre ère. Pendant cette période de cinq siècles, la comptabilité privée a tout d’abord constitué un moyen de preuve très utile en cas de litige, avant de devenir une véritable source du droit des contrats. Ce n’est qu’au Bas-Empire que son...

  13. Demoulin (Laurent) (dir.), Simenon, Les Cahiers de l’Herne

    OpenAIRE

    Mayeur, Ingrid

    2014-01-01

    Le dernier numéro des Cahiers de L’Herne, dirigé par Laurent Demoulin, consacre ses pages au romancier liégeois Georges Simenon. A travers les textes rassemblés, Demoulin se donne pour projet de questionner la place occupée par Simenon aujourd’hui, en termes de réception, de lectorat ou d’influence littéraire. Dressant un état des lieux destiné tant au spécialiste qu’au profane, les articles émanent d’auteurs aux profils divers, issus du monde académique ou littéraire. S’y mêlent des entretie...

  14. Présentation des Cahiers séguriens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Nières-Chevrel

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Les Cahiers séguriens sont nés du colloque qui s’est tenu à l’Université de Haute-Bretagne – Rennes 2 en 1999, à l’occasion du bicentenaire de la naissance de la Comtesse de Ségur : « On ne va pas se quitter comme ça ! ». Rémi Saudray et Laura Kreyder se sont mis à rêver d’un lieu qui permettrait de prolonger le colloque et d’accueillir les recherches à venir sur et autour de la comtesse de Ségur. C’est ainsi qu’ils en sont venus à créer, avec l’appui de la Société des Amis de la Comtesse de ...

  15. La théorie du droit coutumier dans la recherche : ethnologie, théorie du droit et histoire du droit The theory of customary law in research: ethnology, legal theory and legal history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilia ch. Axionov

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Les auteurs cherchent à mettre de l’ordre dans la terminologie utilisée dans la science juridique, notamment à préciser les termes « coutume » et « droit coutumier ». En s’appuyant sur le droit romain classique et sur la théorie du droit ils passent en revue l’évolution des approches théoriques dans ce domaine en Russie ancienne et contemporaine. La ligne dominante chez les chercheurs russes était à souligner que ces coutumes n’acquièrent un caractère juridique que si elles reçoivent une protection de la part de l’Etat. L’article analyse aussi les travaux qui concernent la solution pratique de tels ou tels cas à l’aide des normes du droit coutumier tout en soulignant la nature sociale du droit coutumier.The authors try to bring coherence to terminology used in jurisprudence, especially through precise definitions for the terms « custom » and « customary law ». Relying on classical roman law and legal theory, they describe the evolution of theoretical approaches existing in this field in ancient and contemporary Russia. Russian scholars have generally agreed that these customs acquire a legal character only if they receive protection from the State. The article analyzes as well research proposing practical solutions of various cases which adopt the norms of customary law and while underlining the social nature of customary law.

  16. Droit et pratiques du droit dans les Caisses d'allocations familiales

    OpenAIRE

    Sayn, Isabelle

    1998-01-01

    Cette recherche porte sur les modalités de mise en œuvre du droit par les caisses d'allocations familiales (CAF). Elle propose une confrontation des pratiques en vigueur à l'intérieur des caisses d'allocations familiales avec une analyse académique du droit. La connaissance des pratiques résulte d'un travail approfondi réalisé avec des professionnels, réunis dans le cadre de l'Observatoire du droit créé par la Fédération comtoise des caisses d'allocations familiales.

  17. Le droit intermédiaire

    OpenAIRE

    Eric de Mari

    2011-01-01

    L’article retrace l’histoire d’une expression juridique, celle de « droit intermédiaire », ainsi que l’histoire de son exploitation politique destinée à dévaloriser la rupture juridique révolutionnaire. Utilisée par les juristes depuis le consulat (1799, an 8) puis par l’ensemble de la doctrine juridique comme par les historiens du droit jusqu’à aujourd’hui, l’histoire de l’expression « droit intermédiaire » et de son exploitation suit trois étapes successives. La première, sous la période na...

  18. A propos cahier d'exercices : B1-B2

    CERN Document Server

    Andant, Christine

    2005-01-01

    Les enseignants de français langue étrangère disposeront grâce aux dossiers thématiques d'" A propos " d'un abondant matériel pédagogique, souple, diversifié et stimulant pour la préparation et l'animation de leurs cours au niveau intermédiaire et avancé. Ils y trouveront de surcroît de très nombreuses indications pédagogiques pour aborder et exploiter les documents sélectionnés ainsi que des suggestions pour construire des séquences pédagogiques. La méthode " A propos " se compose de : - un manuel de l'élève pour les activités de classe avec la transcription des documents sonores ; - un coffret de 2 cd contenant plus de 50 documents sonores originaux ; - un cahier d'exercices pour le travail individuel de l'étudiant ; - un guide pédagogique proposant de très nombreux documents et activités complémentaires pour le professeur, avec le corrigé des exercices.

  19. La justiciabilité des droits sociaux ou les enjeux de l’édification d’un État de droit social

    OpenAIRE

    Roman, Diane

    2014-01-01

    Combattre la pauvreté par le droit ? Éradiquer la faim par les droits de l’Homme ? Lutter grâce au droit contre la marginalisation des pauvres ? Les travaux se succèdent pour affirmer que la lutte contre la misère est une question de Droit et de Droits. Droit à l’alimentation, droit à un revenu minimum, droit à la sécurité sociale, droit au logement, droit au travail… « La notion de droits sociaux connaît aujourd’hui un grand succès », qu’atteste l’abondante littérature anglo-saxonne consacré...

  20. Médiation organisationnelle et Droit

    OpenAIRE

    Bonifassi, Marie Helene

    2008-01-01

    Quels liens peut-on établir entre les phénomènes de dématérialisation des documents et l'apparition dans la sphère juridique d'un "soft law", ou "droit souple", caractérisé par le caractère largement contractuel et non coercitif ?

  1. Contribution à l'étude juridique des risques psychosociaux au travail. Aspects de droit national, de droit comparé, d'interdisciplinarité

    OpenAIRE

    Lerouge, Loïc

    2014-01-01

    Les « risques psychosociaux au travail » (RPS) présentent des caractères qui les rendent difficiles à saisir en droit. Dans le même temps, ils désignent une réalité de la dégradation des conditions de travail d’aujourd’hui en lien avec l’évolution des organisations du travail et des contraintes économiques que le droit ne peut ignorer. Les recherches menées sur les RPS onttenté d’analyser la manière dont la science juridique s’est emparée du sujet, l’étendue et la relativité de ses capacités ...

  2. Thinking With an Accent: Françoise Collin, Les cahiers du Grif, and French Feminism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Braidotti, R.

    2014-01-01

    This essay explores the life and work of Françoise Collin (1928–2012), the feminist philosopher, writer, and activist who in 1973 founded the first French-language feminist journal—Les cahiers du Grif—and kept it going, between Brussels and Paris, until 1997. The main argument is that this journal i

  3. Chapitre I. Les concepts fondamentaux du droit coutumier

    OpenAIRE

    La Hovary, Claire

    2015-01-01

    La façon de déceler une norme coutumière au niveau des droits de la personne – et donc au niveau du droit international du travail– diffère quelque peu de la façon de déceler une norme coutumière dans d’autres domaines du droit. Cela s’explique en grande partie par la justification fondamentalement moralisatrice des droits de la personne. Il convient de juxtaposer les méthodologies utilisées pour dégager le droit coutumier en droit international en général (I) avant de se pencher plus particu...

  4. L’erreur en droit des contrats administratifs

    OpenAIRE

    Kalflèche, Grégory

    2015-01-01

    Le lien entre erreur et contrat fait partie de notre inconscient collectif de juriste. Il renvoie en effet à l'article 1110 du Code civil 1 , un des piliers du cours de droit civil des obligations durant la deuxième année de droit. Symboliques de la proximité entre le droit public et le droit privé des contrats, les vices du consentement sont souvent cités en exemple par la doctrine 2 , et la permanence de l'article 1110 dans le code civil 3 fait écho à celle du juge administratif le reprenan...

  5. Ordre(s) et désordre(s) en république : Contribution à une socio-histoire politique de l'Etat, des sciences de gouvernement, du droit et de la justice

    OpenAIRE

    Kaluszynski, Martine

    2005-01-01

    Mes activités de recherche se sont orientées depuis plusieurs années autour d'un axe principal, la construction de l'Etat, perçue en priorité à travers les genèses et affirmations des politiques pénales, et des instruments, discours, techniques, et pratiques mis en œuvre. Plus récemment, un nouvel axe s'est imposé autour des politiques de justice, des rapports entre justice et politique, droit et politique. Ces thématiques ont été développées dans une dimension française et historique dans l'...

  6. Droit, coutume, mémoire

    OpenAIRE

    Affergan, Francis; Arnault, Christine; Assier-Andrieu, Louis; Baudez, Claude-François; Boidin, Capucine; Bougerol, Christiane; Caratini, Sophie; Cochin, Jacques; Coquet, Michèle; Cutolo, Armando; Dehouve, Danièle; Deliège, Robert; Deschamps, Catherine; Dupré, Marie-Claude; Fassin, Didier

    2001-01-01

    Le dossier de ce numéro s'attache à reproblématiser la notion de coutume et de droit dans une perspective résolument anthropologique, tout comme celle de mémoire, étudiée ici à travers des motifs géographiques chinois qui, dessinés sur des sacs d'anciens chasseurs de têtes du Yunnan, apparurent en même temps que la répression des cultes dits populaires au moment de la Révolution culturelle.

  7. Document de travail II. Droits de l’homme et droit au logement

    OpenAIRE

    Hanna, Milad

    2013-01-01

    Le logement : un droit pour tous. - Le logement défiguré défigure l’âme de son habitant. - Cinq ans pour éliminer les cahutes. - Le logement avant l’instruction. - Une seule pièce mais conforme aux normes de l’hygiène. - « Le droit au logement  » financé, voire même auto-financé. Les dix dernières années ont été témoins de profondes mutations socio-économiques lesquelles ont eu d’importantes répercussions sur l’évolution de la crise du logement. Citons, entre autres, l’apparition d’une nouvel...

  8. La traduction en droit positif : les régimes linguistiques en droit communautaire

    OpenAIRE

    Sibony, Anne-Lise; de Sadeleer, Nicolas

    2009-01-01

    Cet article traite de la traduction en droit positif de l'Union européenne. Le régime linguistique des instituions y est analysé et ses règles sont comparées à celles qui régissent l'emploi des langues dans le marché intérieur. This article explores the legal obligations regarding translation in EU law. The liguistic regime of the institutions is compared with internal market rules on language use.

  9. Relentless: decipher, explain, propose... 'Les Cahiers de Global Chance' Nr 38 - January 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a retrospective overview of the 42 previous releases of the Cahiers de Global Chance which notably addressed issues related to climate change, to energy transition, to renewable energies, and more generally to the relationship between science, culture, power and society, an article proposes a detailed analysis of the Danish energy transition considered as a model of European democratic planning. It describes and comments the long way towards energy planning in Denmark after the first oil crisis, with notably the emergence of renewable energies and co-generation, then the emergence of the climate issue, and the evolution towards an ecologic planning. The Energy Plan 2030 is presented; some specific projects are evoked as well as the planning for phasing out fossil energy. The energy efficiency of the Danish system is outlined, and energy scenarios for 2050 are evoked, based on a massive and sometimes exclusive use of renewable energies, and on the development of smart grids. The next article addresses the return to their country of origin of nuclear wastes produced by the processing of imported used fuels from light water reactors: regulatory framework, assessments of returns, role of the Turpin Commission, situation of foreign fuels processed in La Hague at the end of 2012, situation of the various categories of wastes from imported used fuels. The next article proposes a discussion of available information regarding the recycling of used fuels from EDF PWRs from 1976 to 2012. The last article proposes an assessment of the civilian plutonium stock in France at the end of 2013

  10. Chapitre XI. Normes familiales et usages du droit

    OpenAIRE

    Martin, Claude

    2015-01-01

    En analysant 24 configurations familiales recomposées, nous avons pu apprécier comment se différencient les attitudes à l’égard du droit en fonction du capital culturel, du projet conjugal et du degré ou du type de communication dans le réseau familial élargi. En effet, comme nous l’avons évoqué, il est possible de distinguer différents usages du droit : du point de vue du droit civil, soit les acteurs évitent d’y recourir et préfèrent des situations de fait qui correspondent à des accords né...

  11. L'évolution récente du droit comptable

    OpenAIRE

    Colasse, Bernard

    2004-01-01

    National audience L'auteur distingue trois périodes dans l'évolution récente du droit comptable. Avant la publication en 1983 de la première loi française purement comptable, le droit comptable est très embryonnaire et fortement dépendant du droit civil et du droit fiscal. De 1983 à 1998, il va se renforcer et prendre la forme pyramidale d'un droit étatique(lois, décrets, arrêtés). A partir de 1998, ce droit comptable pyramidal va se désétatiser, s'autonomiser par rapport au droit national...

  12. Pauvreté et droits humains (Poverty and Human Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Golay

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Depuis les années 1980, les questions de droits humains, notamment économiques, sociaux et culturels, se sont progressivement imposées dans l'étude des causes de la pauvreté et des mesures qui permettraient de la réduire. Pourtant, force est de constater que les cas de non-respect, dénis et violations des droits humains n'ont pas sensiblement diminué. Les abus entraînés par le phénomène des acquisitions massives de terres agricoles dans les pays les plus pauvres de la planète en fournissent une bonne illustration. Dans ce contexte, les limites des principes volontaires sautent aux yeux, mais la revendication et la protection d'un droit contraignant, tel le droit à l'alimentation, offre des opportunités plus intéressantes pour les communautés locales et les acteurs qui les soutiennent.(Human rights, particularly economic, social and cultural rights, have, since the 1980s, assumed an important part in the study of the causes of poverty and methods used to reduce it. Nevertheless, there has not been a noticeable decline in human rights abuses. One example is the massive agricultural land grabs in the poorest nations of the world. It is clear that voluntary principles are insufficient. However, imposition of a right to food offers an opportunity for local communities and their supporters.

  13. Facultés de droit en crise : formation et socialisation des élites allemandes sous la République de Weimar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Bénédicte Vincent

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available L’article se propose d’explorer l’univers des facultés de droit sous la République de Weimar, que les contemporains jugent en « crise ». Cette perception renvoie tout d’abord aux difficultés d’adaptation d’un enseignement qui est de plus en plus écartelé entre les exigences de la science (transmettre une compréhension historique de l’évolution du droit et celles de la pratique (préparer les étudiants au monde professionnel par une connaissance du droit en vigueur : l’Université apparaît ainsi comme un lieu de confrontation entre professeurs et autorités étatiques pour le contrôle du cursus juridique. Par ailleurs, dans un contexte de grande expansion des effectifs étudiants, les facultés de droit ne connaissent pas de démocratisation de leur public et restent le domaine des élites traditionnelles ; de ce fait, elles semblent en décalage avec leur époque et continuent de former un univers passéiste que conforte l’engagement des étudiants dans des corporations traditionnelles. Ce mode de socialisation explique leur radicalisation dans le camp antirépublicain dès les années 1920.

  14. La construction du "droit à la vérité" en droit international: une ressource ambivalente à la croisée de plusieurs mobilisations

    OpenAIRE

    Naftali, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    En l’espace d’une décennie, le concept de « droit à la vérité » est parvenu à s’imposer dans le paysage des institutions et juridictions de protection des droits de l’homme. Il a été initialement reconnu dans le cadre des disparitions forcées par la Cour interaméricaine des droits de l’homme (2000), la Chambre des droits de l’homme de Bosnie-Herzégovine (2003) et dans la Convention internationale contre les disparitions forcées (2006), pour s’étendre aux violations graves du droit internation...

  15. Cahiers illustrations

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Figure 1. Lettre A, Masques et bouffons enfantins.Illustré par A. Coinchon, Paris, A. Martin & Cie, s.d. [v.1880]. Figure 2. Couverture. Mme Doudet [pseudonyme de Th. Lefèvre], Bébé saura bientôt lire. Nouvel alphabet en images, Paris, Théodore Lefèvre & Cie, 1881 [1874]. Figure 3. Lettres A et B, Les Objets de la maison. Alphabet. Illustré par L. Dallet, Toulouse et Paris, B. Sirven, s.d. [v.1925]. Figure 4. Lettre N. Les Vacances de l’alphabet. Illustré par Lionel Koechlin, Paris, Mango ...

  16. Cahier illustrations

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Figure 1.Macchina Naturale # 30, collage sur papier de Joseph Stella, postérieur à l’été 1928.Copie d’une reproduction in Barbara Haskell, Joseph Stella,New York, Whitney Museum of Modern Art, 1994, p. 133. Figure 2Couverture du premier numéro de The Criterion, octobre 1922.Copie d’un exemplaire original conservé par la Sterling Memorial Library (SML) de Yale. Figure 3Couverture du premi...

  17. La place du droit du travail dans la lutte contre la pauvreté

    OpenAIRE

    Reis, Patrice

    2006-01-01

    PLAN I) Le respect des droits fondamentaux au travail, socle du droit à un travail décent. A) Une affirmation incomplète des droits sociaux fondamentaux 1) Les droits sociaux fondamentaux consacrés par l'organisation internationale du travail. 2) Des droits sociaux fondamentaux à réaffirmer et à promouvoir B) L'absence d'efficacité des mécanismes de contrôle. 1) L'inefficacité de l'OIT. 2) Le reflux des contrôles effectués par les autorités publiques. II) Le dépassement des droits sociaux fon...

  18. La République bolivarienne du Venezuela et le droit

    OpenAIRE

    Mazet, Guy

    2013-01-01

    Quel est l’état du droit dans la République bolivarienne du Venezuela à la lumière des évènements récents ? Le socialisme du xxie siècle, cher au Président Chávez, est-il compatible avec l’État de droit ? Durant ces derniers mois, on a en effet assisté à nombre de péripéties, tant au plan international qu’interne, qui nous convient à la réflexion : que signifie le retrait de la Communauté andine des Nations concomitant à l’entrée dans le Mercosur, la signature du Traité de Commerce entre les ...

  19. 2. Principes communautaires et droit de la protection sociale

    OpenAIRE

    Hennion-Moreau, Sylvie

    2015-01-01

    La protection sociale en droit communautaire (Missoc, 2001) présente le paradoxe d’être inscrit dans les textes originaires comme un objectif sociétal essentiel de la Communauté européenne alors que la compétence communautaire demeure encore fort réduite et que les textes de droit dérivés sont de portée limitée. L’article 2 du traité CE, modifié par le Traité de l’Union européenne du 7 février 1992, affirme que « La Communauté a pour mission… de promouvoir un développement harmonieux et équil...

  20. [Review Essay of] Jean-Marc Thouvenin and Anne Trebilcock (eds.), Le Droit International Social: Droits Économiques, Sociaux et Culturels, Brussels, Bruylant, 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Schmid, Evelyne

    2014-01-01

    A few years ago, Olivier De Schutter, UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, wrote how the dissemination of the European Social Charter (ESC) through research and teaching would ‘contribute to the building of a more social and inclusive Europe’. Le Droit International Social: Droits Economiques, Sociaux et Culturels, edited by Jean-Marc Thouvenin and Anne Trebilcock, will facilitate this dissemination in the francophone world, and will constitute a valuable tool for all those who intend ...

  1. La responsabilité sociale et environnementale des entreprises en Arabie saoudite : approche de droit international

    OpenAIRE

    Alzahrani, Yahya

    2011-01-01

    Cette thèse traite du sujet de la responsabilité des entreprises en Arabie Saoudite. Notre étude se donne pour objectif de découvrir les aspects obligatoire et non obligatoire dans les normes internationales. Quelles sont les normes internationales, leurs impacts et leur application dans le droit national saoudien ? Nous abordons la question de la gouvernance, du droit de l'environnement, du droit du travail, de la structure de l'entreprise et de l’organisation de la RSE. Il s'agit de mesurer...

  2. Une approche comparative de la question de l'effectivité du droit du travail

    OpenAIRE

    Auvergnon, Philippe

    2006-01-01

    La question de l'effectivité du droit du travail n'est pas nouvelle. Toutefois, une approche comparative, à partir de différents systèmes juridiques et de relations professionnelles, permet utilement de la revisiter. Qu'entend-on par effectivité du droit ? Ne confond-on pas aujourd'hui souvent effectivité et efficacité ? Le droit du travail est-il particulièrement exposé à l'ineffectivité du fait des rapports de pouvoir prévalant dans les relations de travail subordonné ? L'analyse des effect...

  3. Pensées sans ordre concernant la notion de 'droit fondamental'

    OpenAIRE

    Rosoux, Géraldine

    2010-01-01

    This article analyzes how the Belgian constitutional judge contributes to a new concept of "fundamental right". Cet article analyse comment le juge constitutionnel belge participe à une nouvelle notion de "droit fondamental".

  4. Martine Grinberg. Écrire les coutumes. Les droits seigneuriaux en France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maïté Lesné-Ferret

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available L’auteur observe tout ce qu’a entraîné la mise par écrit des coutumes, toutes les interventions qui illustrent une clarification ou une modification de la pensée juridique. Les développements sont répartis en trois parties : après une description des droits seigneuriaux (p. 9 à 60, l’étude s’attache au travail d’interprétation mené par les juristes sur le droit coutumier, en particulier sur les droits féodaux – « Ecrire le droit. Le chantier des juristes » (p. 63 à 133 – et souligne le rapp...

  5. Présentation de la convention internationale des droits de l'enfant

    OpenAIRE

    Agnoux, Frédérique

    2009-01-01

    International audience A l'occasion des vingt ans de la Convention internationale des droits de l'enfant, Madame Frédérique Agnoux expose le texte de la convention et de ses deux protocoles facultatifs.

  6. Le droit privé est-il laïc ?

    OpenAIRE

    Flauss-Diem, Jacqueline

    2012-01-01

    Quelques précisions terminologiques pour commencer qui permettront de mieux circonscrire l’objet de cette intervention. L’intitulé en est « Le droit privé est-il laïc ? ». Cet Intitulé est trompeur car toutes les branches du droit que les juristes classent sous cette étiquette ne seront pas évoquées. En réalité, on parlera du droit civil au sens où l’entendent les juristes, c’est-à-dire les règles de droit positif français qui régissent les individus pris isolément ou dans leurs rapports entr...

  7. Les enfants de la guerre : Le Grand Cahier d’Agota Kristof

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carine Trevisan

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available On examine, à partir de l’étude du Grand Cahier, d’Agota Kristof, la façon dont l’état de guerre expulse souvent brutalement l’enfant de sa position d’enfant, lui assignant une place problématique, notamment dans la succession des générations. Non seulement témoin mais aussi souvent victime de la sauvagerie des adultes, il peut néanmoins s’« identifier à l’agresseur » et devenir à son tour meurtrier. Donnant fictivement la parole à des enfants qui font l’épreuve de la brutalisation des comportements des hommes et femmes en état de guerre, Le Grand Cahier, par le choix d’une écriture glacée – on a qualifié ce livre d’« exercice de cruauté » –, conduit à son extrême limite cette représentation de l’enfance dévastée, au point qu’elle en devient inquiétante : abolition de toute faculté à rêver, à imaginer, anesthésie de la vie émotive, destruction de tout ce qui peut faire lien avec autrui, d’où insensibilité à la mort, reçue ou donnée. Cette chute hors de l’humain peut cependant être considérée comme une technique, certes mutilante, de survie.En el estudio de El gran cuaderno de Agota Kristof se analiza cómo el estado de guerra expulsa, a menudo brutalmente, al niño de su posición de niño y le asigna una plaza problemática, en particular en la sucesión de las generaciones. A pesar de que el niño no sea solamente testigo sino también víctima de la bestialidad de los adultos, puede sin embargo «identificarse con el agresor» y convertirse en un asesino. Al dar de manera ficticia la palabra a niños que han sufrido la brutalidad de los comportamientos de los hombres y mujeres en tiempos de guerra, El gran cuaderno, a través de una escritura insensible – se ha utilizado para hablar de este libro la expresión «ejercicio de crueldad» –, representa con todas sus consecuencias una niñez destrozada, hasta el punto de convertirla en algo inquietante: eliminaci

  8. Le droit civil de la responsabilité à l'épreuve du droit spécial de l'alimentation : Premières questions

    OpenAIRE

    Bugnicourt, Jean-Philippe; Borghetti, Jean-Sébastien; Collart Dutilleul, François

    2010-01-01

    Synthèse produite à partir du séminaire "Le droit spécial de l'alimentation à l'épreuve du droit privé", organisé par Lascaux à Nantes. 6 pages. International audience A quel(s) régime(s) de responsabilité les producteurs et autres distributeurs de produits alimentaires sont-ils exposés ? Le droit de la responsabilité civile est-il approprié pour gérer, notamment, les conséquences d'une crise sanitaire ? C'est à ces questions que cet article se propose de répondre en ouvrant quelques pi...

  9. Elevage bio : des cahiers des charges français à la réglementation européenne

    OpenAIRE

    Leroux, J.; Fouchet, M.; Haegelin, Anne

    2009-01-01

    L’apparition de cahiers des charges nationaux de l’élevage biologique dès les années 90 a permis un premier développement de ces élevages variable selon les productions. Le règlement européen a ensuite pris le relais en 2000, d’abord avec un complément national (le CC REPAB F) puis, à compter du 1er janvier 2009, avec un nouveau dispositif sans possibilité de subsidiarité. Le règlement européen de l’agriculture biologique décline chaque grand principe de ce mode de production en un certain no...

  10. La prévention par le droit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aude Lejeune

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Dans l’objectif de garantir l’accès au droit et à la justice pour les publics dits « en difficulté », le ministère de la Justice français a créé un nouveau type de métier juridique de proximité : les agents de l’accès au droit. Cet article analyse les stratégies de division locale du travail d’information juridique entre les avocats et ces juristes de proximité ainsi que les redéfinitions des rapports entre le ministère de la Justice et les collectivités territoriales.Prevention by law. Territories and division of juridical work in FranceIn a way to promote access to justice and legal services for disadvantaged people, French Justice Department created a new kind of occupation: proximity lawyers. This article analyses how traditional lawyers and proximity lawyers negotiate the division of work, as well as how it reshapes relationships between national Justice Department and the states (collectivités territoriales.La prevención por el derecho. Territorios y división del trabajo jurídico en FranciaCon el objetivo de garantizar el acceso a la justicia y al derecho para los públicos desfavorecidos, el ministerio de la justicia en Francia creó un nuevo tipo de ocupación: los juristas de proximidad. Este artículo analiza las estrategias de división del trabajo de información jurídica entre los abogados y los juristas de proximidad, y también las redefiniciones de las relaciones entre el ministerio nacional de la Justicia y las colectividades autónomas (collectivités territoriales.

  11. Michel Serres, historien des sciences

    OpenAIRE

    Bensaude-Vincent, Bernadette

    2006-01-01

    texte à paraître dans numéro des Cahiers de l'Herne sur Michel Serres (2009) Among the various titles bestowed on Michel Serres - philosopher, writer, academician - seldom comes the phrase historian of science. It was however his profession, since the History Department of the University Paris I appointed him at a chair of history of science in 1970. This face of his career has been generally overshadowed although it is all but a temprary activity since Serres has been teaching the history...

  12. Le travail en prison dans quelques pays européens : du non droit au droit aménagé

    OpenAIRE

    Auvergnon, Philippe

    2007-01-01

    Le travail des détenus au sein d'un établissement pénitentiaire donne lieu en Europe à des encadrements juridiques nationaux extrêmement variables ; dans certains cas, on peut faire le constat d'une zone de non droit (France). Ailleurs, divers emprunts ou références au droit commun du travail sont faits sans que soit reconnue l'existence d'un contrat de travail (Allemagne, Angleterre). Enfin, des législations prévoient la possibilité de recourir à des formes de contrats "classiques" ou à une ...

  13. Sujet de droit et sujet d’intérêt : Montesquieu lu par Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Céline Spector

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans les cours au Collège de France réunis dans Naissance de la biopolitique, Foucault soutient qu’une science économico-juridique est rigoureusement impossible. Or cette thèse radicale mérite discussion, à partir d’un auteur trop souvent ignoré des historiens de la genèse de l’économie politique. Montesquieu, à sa façon, contribue à la constitution de ce savoir économico-juridique, susceptible de penser ensemble sujet d’intérêt et sujet de droit. L’esprit de cette étude ne sera pas de critiquer Foucault en montrant que Montesquieu ne « rentre » pas dans l’opposition de ses paradigmes, mais plutôt de tenter de mesurer l’originalité d’une pensée qui conçoit des échanges entre propriété et liberté qui ont pour effet d’unifier rationalité économique et rationalité juridique.

  14. Le droit pénal dans sa phase de lutte contre le terrorisme et les violations des droits de l’homme

    OpenAIRE

    NICAISE ADOU Yao

    2011-01-01

    L’article analyse le durcissement des législations pénales et des violations des droits de l’homme au nom de la lutte contre le terrorisme. Il met en exergue d’autres problèmes sociaux que suscite le combat contre le terrorisme.

  15. Les adolescents ont droit au secret médical : pourquoi la LAMal n'en tient-elle pas compte?

    OpenAIRE

    Junod, Valérie; Meynard, Anne

    2015-01-01

    Dès lors que le législateur et les tribunaux reconnaissent le droit à l’auto-détermination du patient mineur et le droit au respect de la sphère privée du patient mineur, ils devraient logiquement assurer la réalisation de ses droits dans le domaine de l’assurance.

  16. Brèves observations sur un secret de Polichinelle : l'influence du droit européen sur le droit médical à travers l'exemple du secret médical

    OpenAIRE

    Brosset, Estelle

    2012-01-01

    Certes, à première vue, ce secret médical semble échapper au droit européen. Il faut dire que fortement " déontologisé " , il a d'abord échappé au droit lui-même, mais il est désormais une obligation juridique essentielle en droit français . Toutefois, l'emprise du droit pouvait sembler s'épuiser dans la sphère étatique. Et pourtant, à peine ce premier constat formulé, apparaît un ensemble d'influences du droit européen sur le secret médical. Elles empruntent deux chemins bien distincts, celu...

  17. Développement des droits ancestraux autochtones au Canada et de leurs revendications territoriales

    OpenAIRE

    Gailloux, Chantal

    2014-01-01

    L’ouvrage Droit, territoire et gouvernance des peuples autochtones, rédigé en collectif et dirigé par Ghislain Otis, est divisé en trois parties : retraçant d’abord les fondements et l’évolution de la pratique des droits des peuples ancestraux, de l’époque coloniale à la Charte canadienne des droits et libertés de 1982, selon les principes de la Common Law, c’est ensuite la quête d’un juste partage du territoire et du pouvoir qui est racontée pour terminer avec l’enjeu de gouvernance se cacha...

  18. Le management spirituel est-il soluble dans le droit du travail ?

    OpenAIRE

    De Quenaudon, René

    2016-01-01

    Le management spirituel est peu soluble dans le droit. Cela se vérifie dans les relations individuelles de travail où la liberté de pensée, de conscience et de religion est un obstacle au management spirituel. Cela se vérifie dans les relations collectives de travail où le droit du travail a mis fin aux pratiques paternalistes (œuvres sociales). Cependant, il y a des exceptions: ce sont les entreprises de tendance. Par ailleurs, il faut relever que la RSE permet la diffusion des valeurs de l'...

  19. Judiciarisation ou juridicisation ?:Usages et réappropriations du droit dans les conflits du travail

    OpenAIRE

    Pelisse, Jérôme

    1987-01-01

    Cet article se propose d’interroger les modalités par lesquelles le droit vient encadrer les relations professionnelles et structurer la conflictualité au travail. La juridicisation des relations sociales, désignant un recours accru au droit dans les interactions ordinaires des relations de travail, est en effet trop souvent confondue avec un phénomène de judiciarisation, entendue comme la saisie plus fréquente des tribunaux pour régler des conflits du travail. Ces deux processus sont pourtan...

  20. Actualités en droit de l'exécution forcée

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Cet ouvrage étudie les récents développements qu'a connus le droit de l'exécution en trois parties. La première examine les principes généraux et les différentes saisies consacrés par le Code judiciaire. La deuxième est consacrée aux particularités du recouvrement en matière fiscale. La troisième est dédiée aux aspects du droit de l'exécution forcée propres au contentieux familial.

  1. Le droit privé espagnol audjourd'hui ou le depassement des paradigmes

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Rozas, José Carlos

    2008-01-01

    I – LE SYSTEME ESPAGNOL DE DROIT INTERNATIONAL PRIVE DU XXIEME SIECLE. II – VERS LE DEPASSEMENT DES PARADIGMES. A.- La métamorphose de l’universalisme. B.- L’érosion dans le « domaine » du droit international privé. C.- Inflexion dans la façon traditionnelle d’envisager les sources. D.- Répercussions du « renouvellement méthodologique ». III - CODIFICATION OU DECODIFICATION DU SYSTEME ?. A- Le Chapitre IV du Titre préliminaire du Code civil, une relique historique. B.- Difficultés d’une Loi g...

  2. Code de droit international privé suisse annoté Code DIP annoté

    CERN Document Server

    Suisse; Geisinger, Elliott

    1995-01-01

    La loi fédérale sur le droit international privé : édition complétée par le texte des principaux traités internationaux et par le Règlement d'arbitrage de la Chambre de commerce internationale

  3. Fonds 'vautours', contentieux des dettes souveraines et droit de propriété

    OpenAIRE

    Wautelet, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    Cette présentation a pour objectif de contextualiser la loi du 12 juillet 2015 visant à réprimer l'action des fonds dits 'vautours' en offrant une première analyse critique de la loi, principalement au regard de la protection internationale du droit de propriété

  4. Café crème méthode de français : niveau 1 : cahier d'exercices

    CERN Document Server

    Beacco di Giura, Marcella

    1997-01-01

    Complément facultatif du livre de l'élève, ce cahier d'exercices : - renforce les apprentissages mis en place dans le manuel : les rubriques " Vocabulaire et Orthographe ", " Grammaire " répondent à " Boîte à outils " ; la rubrique " Conversations " fait écho à " Paroles en liberté " ; - propose des élargissements et des activités supplémentaires pour ceux qui disposeraient de plus de temps, en particulier dans le domaine de l'écrit et du culturel : ce sont les rubriques " Textes " et " Vie quotidienne ".

  5. Discours religieux et médical au cœur du processus de légitimation du droit pénal. la gestion des mœurs homoérotiques au Québec (1892-1969

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrice Corriveau

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente l’évolution de deux discours dominants (le médical et le religieux qui ont interféré avec le système de droit pénal dans sa conceptualisation et sa gestion des mœurs homoérotiques au Québec de la création du premier code criminel canadien en 1892 à l’adoption du projet de loi Omnibus en 1969. L’analyse des interactions entre ces formations discursives et le système de droit pénal montre que même si droit et religion, droit et « science » s’opposent à l’occasion pour imposer leur compréhension du « phénomène homosexuel », ils ne s’excluent pas toujours mutuellement. Au contraire, ils se renforcent souvent les uns les autres.This paper presents the evolution of two dominant discourses (medical and religious that interfered with the conception of homosexuality in the Quebec penal justice system.  From the creation of the Canadian criminal code in 1892 to the Omnibus Bill of 1969, this research shows that, although often opposed in their understanding of homosexuality as a social problem, the two discourses actually reinforce each other.  

  6. Les droits de propriété sur le vivant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geneviève Azam

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article est une réflexion sur le nouveau régime des droits de propriété intellectuelle sur le vivant, apparu dans les années 1980. Ces nouveaux droits représentent une rupture dans la conception du vivant comme bien commun. Ils constituent une rupture anthropologique à l’intérieur des sociétés humaines, dans la mesure où la vie et sa reproduction ne sont plus considérées comme une finalité mais comme des moyens et des ressources. Ils suppriment la frontière traditionnelle entre l’invention brevetable et la découverte, jusqu’ici non brevetable. Les nouveaux droits peuvent désormais concerner la nature comme “res communis”. Ils inaugurent un “second mouvement des enclosures”. Mais alors que la terre peut être clôturée, les droits sur le vivant relèvent d’une propriété incorporelle. Du fait des caractéristiques propres du vivant et des conditions de sa reproduction, on assiste à une extension des droits de propriété et à une remise en cause des droits de propriété corporels et territoriaux. En effet, ces nouveaux droits reviennent à contrôler et à s’approprier la capacité d’entretien et de reproduction de l’ensemble des espèces et menacent la bio-diversité.This article examines the new intellectual property rights on living organisms, which were introduced in the 1960s. These new rights break away from the idea of living organisms as common property. They bring about a radical change in human societies insofar as life and its reproduction are no longer regarded as an end in itself but exploited as means and instruments. They erase traditional boundaries between patentable invention and traditionally non-patentable discovery. The new rights henceforth apply to nature as res communis. They initiate a “Second Enclosure Movement.” But whereas fields and land can be enclosed and hedged in, rights on living organisms come under intangible property rights. Because of the specific

  7. L’arrêt n°41/2002 de la Cour d’arbitrage : de la notion constitutionnelle de droit politique à la notion de "droit civil" au sens de la Convention européenne des droits de l’homme

    OpenAIRE

    Rosoux, Géraldine

    2002-01-01

    The article analyzes the impact of the conventional concept of "civil right" (art. 6 E.C.H.R.) on the constitutional distinction between civil and political rights (art. 144-145 Const.). L'article analyse l'impact du concept conventionnel de "droit civil" (art. 6 C.E.D.H.) sur la distinction constitutionnelle entre droits civils et politiques (art. 144-145 Const.). Peer reviewed

  8. Le droit du travail algérien à l’épreuve de la mondialisation

    OpenAIRE

    Borsali Hamdan, Leila

    2011-01-01

    Le droit du travail a pour vocation la protection des intérêts des salariés, ainsi que des diverses catégories de personnes actives dans un cadre organisé. Les relations de travail sont, en Algérie, réglementées par la législation du travail : celle-ci à l’instar d’autres systèmes nationaux, offre aux travailleurs des garanties de sécurité et des droits. Cette politique répond au souci de justice sociale et au désir des travailleurs de voir l’État conserver les règles juridiques sociales qui ...

  9. Mutations de l'État et protection des droits de l'homme

    OpenAIRE

    Adam-Ferreira, Béatrice; Bénichou, Sarah; Bourhis, Kristenn Le; Chevallier, Jacques; Delzangles, Béatrice; Fourçans, Claire; Glévarec, Marie; Grosbon, Sophie; Gründler, Tatiana; Guerlais, Isabelle; Lochak, Danièle; Marinese, Vito; Michaud, Edwige; Raffin, Marion; Régnier, Tiphaine

    2013-01-01

    La réflexion sur les mutations contemporaines de l’État sert ici de point de départ pour appréhender les transformations qui affectent le contenu, l’effectivité et les modalités de garantie des droits de l’homme : la délégation de fonctions régaliennes ne dilue-t-elle pas les responsabilités Étatiques ? Comment comprendre les stratégies développées par les États face aux mécanismes de protection internationale des droits de l’homme ? Quelles sont les conséquences du repli de l’État providence...

  10. La problématique des intérêts familiaux en droit public

    OpenAIRE

    Millard, Eric

    1996-01-01

    La notion d'intérêts familiaux n'est pas familière au juriste. En droit civil, on envisagera plus volontiers la question de l'intérêt de la famille, principalement pour déterminer sa compatibilité avec celui de l'enfant ; mais ces intérêts ne recouvrent en rien le sens que peuvent donner aux intérêts familiaux les acteurs des politiques familiales et plus généralement les historiens ou les sociologues qui les étudient. En droit public, la notion est négligée car elle n'est pas de l'actualité...

  11. Droit de l'énergie recueil de textes internationaux, européens et suisses

    CERN Document Server

    Fellrath, Isabelle; Spoorenberg, Frank

    2011-01-01

    Le droit de l’énergie est devenu incontournable dans un contexte général de libéralisation, rationalisation, diversification et sécurisation du marché de l’énergie, soulevant des questions variées et complexes. Le Recueil réunit, en un seul volume, divers textes de droit fédéral et de droit international en vigueur pour la Suisse, régissant l’exploration et l’exploitation des ressources énergétiques (minérales, nucléaires, renouvelables), le transport des ressources énergétiques, les investissements transnationaux dans le secteur énergétique, la distribution et fourniture de l’électricité, et les questions environnementales liées à la production et l’utilisation de l’énergie. Le Recueil se veut un outil de travail pour les praticiens, les professionnels du secteur énergétique, les administrations publiques, les académiques et les étudiants.

  12. The Journal as a European Space in Post-War Paris: the Fédération des étudiants nationalistes and Cahiers universitaires, 1961-1963

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugh McDonnell

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the Fédération des étudiants nationalistes (FEN and its journal Cahiers universitaires between 1961 and 1963 in the context of post-war Parisian political and intellectual life. These dates encompass the launch of the journal and the loss of French Algeria - a fundamental preoccupation of the group. The group's militancy on behalf of the maintenance of France's three North African départements was interwoven with its far right political orientation and its striking conceptualisation of Europe. This article analyses five strands of discourse about Europe that recur in the journal: a Europe of nationalism, a Europe of imperialism, a Europe of hierarchy, a Europe defined against materialism, and a Europe of youth. I will argue that these different conceptions of Europe are closely interconnected.

  13. Les " incivilités " des affaires : l'évolution du droit des exploitations minières, avatar de la commercialisation du droit et des résistances de la civilité (1810-1919)

    OpenAIRE

    Richard, Edouard

    2009-01-01

    National audience La quête séculaire de son autonomie par le droit commercial connut un épisode notable dans un XIXe siècle marqué par l'insolent complexe de supériorité du Code civil. La législation minière illustre de manière singulière l'impact croissant du poids des activités économiques, lesquelles conquièrent et fabriquent leur droit. Cette entreprise se fonde non seulement sur les usages, mais encore en disputant au droit civil son champ d'investigation historique traditionnel : l'i...

  14. La transaction en quête d'une légitimité à renforcer en droit du travail

    OpenAIRE

    Boutitie, Laurence

    2003-01-01

    Cet article présente les conditions de recours à une technique civiliste en droit du travail. Le droit civil est en effet souvent utilisé comme un moyen d'évincer les règles protectrices instituées par le droit du travail, notamment lors de la rupture du contrat. Aussi, les modalités de recours à la transaction ont-elles été peu à peu encadrées par la jurisprudence afin de veiller à ce que son utilisation ne le soit que de manière compatible avec les principes régissant la rupture du contrat ...

  15. Chapitre 1. Remarques introductives sur la preuve par témoins en droit civil français

    OpenAIRE

    Clère, Jean-Jacques

    2015-01-01

    Dans tous les systèmes juridiques, le droit probateur occupe une place essentielle. Tous les praticiens du droit savent combien la preuve des faits est importante et, dans de nombreux procès, le plus important n’est pas les questions juridiques mais l’établissement des preuves. Malgré cela la preuve ne tient pas dans nos lois une place proportionnée à ce rôle. Le régime de la preuve apparaît souvent subordonné et plus encore divisé, réparti qu’il est dans les différents Codes. Dans le droit f...

  16. Jean Carbonnier et le droit du travail : un intérêt complice, critique et vigilant

    OpenAIRE

    Verdier, Jean-Maurice

    2014-01-01

    Ce qu’il est convenu d’appeler un « travailliste » ne devait-il pas pour le moins hésiter à prendre une part active au colloque consacré au doyen Jean Carbonnier ? N’est-ce pas surtout à partir du droit civil que celui-ci a affirmé sa particularité ? D’autant plus qu’au milieu du XXe siècle, le droit du travail avait encore à s’affirmer comme discipline à part entière. Mais dès 1941, dans ses chroniques régulières de jurisprudence à la Revue trimestrielle de droit civil concernant les contrat...

  17. Les procréations médicalement assistées selon le droit hellénique

    OpenAIRE

    Agallopoulou, Pénélope

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Le droit de la famille hellénique a considérablement changé ces dernières années. Au cours de cette réglementation progressive du droit de la famille, les évolutions sociales de notre temps ont été prises en considération ainsi que les idées modernes dominantes qui ont influencé, ces dernières années, le droit de la famille de la plupart des pays européens. La loi 3089/2002 relative à l’assistance médicale à la reproduction humaine, qui a modifié notre Code civil, participe à cet...

  18. Quand l’application du droit national est déterminée par la demande locale

    OpenAIRE

    Alber, Erdmute; Sommer, Jörn

    2007-01-01

    Dans le Borgou, une région du nord-est du Bénin, le droit public et la pratique du droit dans le village divergent. En dessous d’un certain seuil d’escalade des conflits, l’État n’impose pas ses normes juridiques, mais ne fait que les proposer et fait dépendre leur application de la demande locale. Cette demande se trouve cependant limitée dans les villages par le fait que certains acteurs font appel à des idéologies communautaires qui ne sont pas nécessairement traditionnelles. Ils mobilisen...

  19. Le respect du droit du travail : entre politique de contrôle et politique pénale

    OpenAIRE

    Auvergnon, Philippe; Laviolette, Sandrine

    2004-01-01

    Le respect du droit du travail – ou sa moindre ineffectivité - tient en partie à l'action de l'inspection du travail. Dans quelle mesure s'inscrit-elle dans une politique de contrôle ? L'action pénale, elle-même inscrite ou non dans une politique pénale, peut aussi contribuer au respect du droit du travail en sanctionnant le relevé d'infractions. Le présent rapport tente de revisiter les pratiques et les relations entretenues entre Inspection du travail et Parquet, à partir d'une part de l'an...

  20. Ecrits de droit de l'entreprise (textes rassemblés par Olivier Debat et Arnaud de Bissy)

    OpenAIRE

    Debat, Olivier; De Bissy, Arnaud

    2015-01-01

    Quel est le juriste, universitaire ou praticien, qui ne connaît pas le professeur Serlooten ?40 juristes, universitaires ou praticiens, ont souhaité rendre hommage à ce grand professeur d’université. La production scientifique du professeur Serlooten est en effet d’une incroyable richesse et d’une rare cohérence. Sa curiosité intellectuelle et son extrême degré d’exigence ont rapidement conduit ce professeur de droit civil à investir le droit de l’entreprise, dans toutes ses composantes, c...

  1. Physics Cahiers No. 1

    OpenAIRE

    S. Bellucci

    1996-01-01

    We begin herewith the editing of physics notes taken in the course of Journal Club seminars at INFN-LNF in 1996. The activity consists of informal talks about work in progress and/or review of (more or less) recent physics results of interest to our laboratory. In the section titles the name of the speakers appear, together with the topics discussed in the seminars. We plan to publish these notes twice a year.

  2. Chapitre 1. Présentation de la CVIM et du droit vietnamien de la vente

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Minh Hang

    2013-01-01

    SECTION 1 - L’INSTRUMENT UNIFORME DE LA VENTE I - Présentation de la Convention 1 - Un parcours historique L’adoption de la Convention a consacré l’aboutissement d’efforts d’un demi siècle. La tâche est entreprise en 1929, sous les auspices de l’Institut de Rome pour l’unification du droit. Elle a abouti en 1964 avec l’adoption, à La Haye, de deux conventions portant respectivement Loi Uniforme sur la Vente Internationale d’objets mobiliers corporels (LUVI) et Loi Uniforme sur la Formation du...

  3. L'offre dans la conclusion du contrat en droit civil européen

    OpenAIRE

    Campi, Arnaud

    2011-01-01

    La notion d’offre peut assurément être considérée comme la pierre angulaire du mécanisme de conclusion du contrat en Droit civil européen. En effet, hormis quelques divergences relevant de choix systématiques, il convient de noter que les législations nationales comme le Code civil français de 1804 ou le Code des obligations suisse de 1911 tout comme les textes internationaux tels les Principes Unidroit, la Convention de Vienne sur la vente internationale de marchandises, les Principes de Dro...

  4. De la dignité aux droits fondamentaux en passant par le bonheur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodogno, Raffaele

    2004-01-01

    Dans cet article nous proposons d’éclaircir la notion de dignité en tant qu’elle est liée à celle de valeur intrinsèque. Nous allons aussi brièvement considérer d’autres sens de la notion de dignité, mais notre préoccupation principale sera celle de comprendre quelle notion de dignité serait en m...... mesure de fonder les droits fondamentaux de l’homme ainsi que ceux d’autres créatures....

  5. L’histoire du droit au risque de la sociologie.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Édouard Tillet

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Gabriel Tarde, juge d’instruction à Sarlat, brillant haut fonctionnaire, intellectuel de renom qui finira au Collège de France, a marqué son époque. Il demeure l’une des figures incontournables pour comprendre les tensions que connaissent les sciences de l’homme dans les premières décennies de la IIIe République. Doté d’un redoutable sens de l’humour, notamment dans ses comptes rendus, il n’en reste pas moins un auteur complexe et fuyant. Il sait être d’une rare pertinence, comme lorsqu’il re...

  6. L'action en dissolution pour justes motifs en droit suisse et actions équivalentes en droit canadien fédéral et québécois

    OpenAIRE

    Buecher, Marc

    2004-01-01

    Ce travail a pour sujet CO 736 ch. 4 qui fonde l'action en dissolution pour juste motif et son "équivalant en droit canadien fédéral et québécois. L'accent porte surtout sur les alternatives à la dissolution.

  7. La première décision au fond de la Cour africaine des droits de l’homme et des peuples

    OpenAIRE

    Olinga, Alain Didier

    2014-01-01

    La Cour africaine des droits de l’homme et des peuples a rendu, en l’affaire Révérend Mtikila c/ Tanzanie, son premier arrêt au fond. Au-delà de certains aspects de procédure sur lesquels les juges ont eu quelque difficulté à s’accorder, la décision est instructive, car elle traite de la conformité de l’obligation d’affiliation partisane pour tout candidat aux élections avec la Charte africaine des droits de l’homme et des peuples. Pour la Cour, une telle obligation viole le droit de particip...

  8. Pour l'effectivité du droit du travail : quel système d'inspection et quelle indépendance des inspecteurs ?

    OpenAIRE

    Auvergnon, Philippe

    2006-01-01

    L'effectivité du droit du droit du travail est-elle réellement possible dans un système généraliste d'inspection du travail couvrant l'ensemble des secteurs ? Ou plutôt trouve-t-elle sa place dans un système indépendant reposant sur un fondement normatif dans lequel le contrôle s'exerce loin de toute influence extérieure pouvant nuire à la réalité et l'efficacité de la mission fondamentale d'application du droit du travail ?

  9. La construction du droit à la vérité en droit international - Une ressource ambivalente à la croisée de plusieurs mobilisations/The Construction of the Right to Truth in International Law – An Ambivalent Tool at the Crossroads of Several Mobilizations

    OpenAIRE

    Naftali, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    En l’espace d’une décennie, le concept de « droit à la vérité » est parvenu à s’imposer dans le paysage des institutions et juridictions de protection des droits de l’homme. Il a été initialement reconnu dans le cadre des disparitions forcées par la Cour interaméricaine des droits de l’homme (2000), la Chambre des droits de l’homme de Bosnie-Herzégovine (2003) et dans la Convention internationale contre les disparitions forcées (2006), pour s’étendre aux violations graves du droit internation...

  10. Introduction : management et/ou état de droit ?

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Louis Genard

    2012-01-01

    Un débat « mal embarqué »Comment poser, en Belgique, du moins dans sa partie francophone, la question des relations entre management et État de droit en évitant le risque d’entrer dans une polémique stérile, et sans ressasser les sempiternelles oppositions idéologiques au travers desquelles sont systématiquement appréhendées les questions qui touchent de près ou de loin à l’administration ? Telle est somme toute le défi de ce deuxième numéro de Pyramides.La difficulté est avant tout de cultur...

  11. Penser le temps culturel du droit : le destin anthropologique du concept de coutume

    OpenAIRE

    Assier Andrieu, Louis

    2001-01-01

    Longtemps vouée aux thèmes ruraux ou " primitifs ", l'idée de coutume connaît un regain de validité sur le terrain de la " question sociale " où semble se poursuivre son destin densément paradoxal, riche d'une pluralité de façons d'appréhender le temps et le droit de l'identité collective. Tributaire de la réflexion juridique, la coutume parcourt les siècles comme les théories, innerve en son coeur ou sur ses confins l'analyse historique et politique pour accompagner la genèse de l'anthropolo...

  12. Le genre, un concept utile pour repenser le droit de la non-discrimination

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    Fondimare, Elsa

    2014-01-01

    La notion de genre est aujourd’hui présente dans les instruments juridiques de lutte contre les discriminations français et européens et ce malgré les oppositions virulentes suscitées par son introduction en droit français. Cependant, si l’emploi du terme « genre » témoigne d’une révolution conceptuelle quant à la compréhension des inégalités et plus largement du processus de différenciation entre les sexes, il semble que la dimension la plus révolutionnaire du concept de genre ne soit pas pr...

  13. Modèles et transferts normatifs en droit du travail de pays africains

    OpenAIRE

    Auvergnon, Philippe

    2005-01-01

    La norme juridique étant le produit d'une histoire, d'un contexte socio-économique et culturel, c'est avec la colonisation que le travail salarié et son encadrement juridique vont apparaître en Afrique. Tout d'abord travail subordonné, forcé, ce n'est qu'en 1937, à la suite d'une série de décrets que le droit du travail émerge. Ensuite, à partir du code du travail des territoires de la France d'Outre-Mer de 1952, chaque pays d'Afrique noire francophone va procéder à sa propre codification san...

  14. « Avis à qui de droit »: l'adresse indirecte en pays igbo du Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Ugochukwu, Francoise

    2011-01-01

    L’adresse indirecte, pratiquée dans l’espace commun et manifestée dans l’imbrication du nom, du proverbe et du conte, est au coeur de la communication en pays igbo. Elle est directement liée à l’extrême décentralisation du pouvoir et à son corollaire : le droit de chacun à la parole au sein de groupes sociaux fonctionnant côte à côte de façon autonome tout en comptant les uns sur les autres et en constante communication. Elle se manifeste aussi bien par les stratégies de parole que par l’util...

  15. Politique des limites, limites de la politique: la place du droit dans la pensée de Hannah Arendt

    OpenAIRE

    Lefebve, Vincent

    2013-01-01

    Dans cette thèse de doctorat, je m’attache à interpréter, à systématiser et à soumettre à un examen critique la pensée politique du droit de Hannah Arendt. En effet, alors que le versant politique de cette œuvre a fait l’objet d’une attention tout à fait considérable, on n’a toujours pas pris la mesure de l’intérêt évident de la philosophe pour le droit et les institutions juridiques et judiciaires les plus essentielles. Or, selon la thèse que je défends, l’une des raisons qui expliquent l’or...

  16. Plasticité du droit constitutionnel et dynamique de l’autoritarisme dans la Tunisie de Ben Ali

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    Éric Gobe

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Le droit des institutions politiques dans la Tunisie de Ben Ali apparaît particulièrement plastique et instable car ce sont les échéances politiques liées à la pérennisation du régime autoritaire qui dictent le rythme et la nature des changements institutionnels. Ce droit est conçu de façon à rendre impensable l’éventualité d’une alternance au sommet de l’État tout en permettant aux pouvoirs publics tunisiens de tenir un discours sur la résolution de la Tunisie à approfondir son engagement démocratique. Les récents textes constitutionnels et législatifs organisant la vie politique concourent, dans le même temps à limiter formellement les pratiques autoritaires tout en les autorisant si nécessaire.

  17. Alexandre Jacob, forçat anarchiste en Guyane : politique ou droit commun ?

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    Dieuleveult, Colombe de

    2013-01-01

    La question du délit et du crime politiques, distincts du droit commun, se caractérise par sa complexité, non pas tant au point de vue du régime spécial accordé dans l’exécution de la peine, qu’à celui, en amont, de la définition légale de l’infraction politique. Le cas des anarchistes à la fin du xixe siècle est particulièrement intéressant à ce propos : fondamentalement politiques, leurs actes ont été condamnés sous le régime du droit commun, durci par les lois dites « scélérates » qui fire...

  18. Être mère en prison au Pérou : droit ou double peine ?

    OpenAIRE

    Boutron, Camille; Constant, Chloé

    2014-01-01

    Cet article analyse la maternité en milieu carcéral comme un ensemble de valeurs et de pratiques définies à partir des différents types de rapports sociaux observables en prison. Dans une perspective comparative entre détenues politiques et détenues de droit commun, il examine les spécificités de l’enfermement féminin au Pérou et se demande dans quelle mesure la manière dont la maternité est prise en charge en prison est l’expression de droits mais agit également comme un outil de contrôle so...

  19. Interdits et interdictions dans le droit de la fonction publique Prohibitions in Civil Service Law

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    Nicolas Guillet

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans le droit français de la fonction publique, les interdits découlent de la situation légale et réglementaire faite aux agents publics. Cette situation juridique objective en constitue le fondement et conduit à une forme d’indétermination de leur étendue. Pour autant, l’apparition de la notion de « déontologie du fonctionnaire » laisse apparaître une mutation de la logique d’interdiction. Cette mutation se traduit par une invitation au respect de bonnes pratiques professionnelles mais aussi à une normalisation des comportements des agents publics.In the French law concerning civil service, prohibitions originate in the situation of the civil servants according to law and regulations. This objective legal situation constitutes the basis of these prohibitions and leads to a sort of indetermination in their scope. However the apparition of the concept of “civil servant’s deontology” shows a mutation in the prohibition’s logics. This mutation is translated into an invitation to respect good professional practices but also into a normalisation of the behaviour of civil servants.

  20. Définir les droits constitutionnels des peuples autochtones. La « nouvelle » approche du Québec

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    Maclure, Jocelyn

    2015-01-01

    La question de la portée et de la substance des droits des peuples autochtones est constamment à l’avant-scène depuis que ces droits ont été reconnus et confirmés dans l’article 35 de la Loi constitutionnelle de 1982. La Cour suprême du Canada, tout en échafaudant, de jugement en jugement, un cadre interprétatif qui tend à « culturaliser » (plutôt qu’à politiser) les droits des peuples autochtones, n’a cessé d’exhorter les représentants élus autochtones et non autochtones à négocier, dans la ...

  1. Chapitre II. Droit de la consommation et régime de la théorie générale du contrat

    OpenAIRE

    Rzepecki, Nathalie

    2015-01-01

    761. En principe, en raison même de leur opposition à la théorie générale des contrats, les droits nouveaux et, plus spécialement, le droit de la consommation n'affectent aucunement la théorie générale, qui reste intacte, indifférente aux bouleversements législatifs contemporains. Si certains ont pu parler à propos de la législation consumériste de "saccage du droit civil", la théorie générale du contrat, pour sa part, a été épargnée. Cette préservation se paye toutefois au prix fort, puisqu'...

  2. Droit, démocratie et liberté au travail dans le système français de relations professionnelles

    OpenAIRE

    Didry, Claude

    2008-01-01

    Le droit du travail n'est pas simplement le résultat d'un mouvement ouvrier constitué sur la base d'une organisation économique. Il se développe à partir de l'acquis révolutionnaire que représente le contrat de travail et conditionne la dynamique des luttes sociales. Il en résulte un processus qui traduit une causalité dialectique du droit sur les dynamiques économiques et sociales contredisant la vision naturaliste de l'économie et de l'histoire sociale classique.

  3. Les OGM, illustration des obstacles et des potentialités offertes par le droit pour une meilleure démocratie alimentaire

    OpenAIRE

    Ngo, Mai-Anh

    2014-01-01

    Chapitre de l’ouvrage collectif Penser une démocratie alimentaire Volume II – Proposition Lascaux entre ressources naturelles et besoins fondamentaux, F. Collart Dutilleul et T. Bréger (dir), Inida, San José, 2014, pp. 243-250.Programme Lascaux - DroitAlimentsterre (www.droit-aliments-terre.eu) International audience Pour tenter de construire une démocratie alimentaire, il faut s’interroger sur ce que cela signifie. La démocratie étant définie comme « un régime politique dans lequel le ...

  4. Entre nouveau droit de la mer et privatisation des océans : jusqu’où va le Canada dans l’Arctique ?

    OpenAIRE

    Sanguin, André-Louis

    2015-01-01

    La Troisième Conférence des Œuvres sur le Droit de la Mer (Montego Bay, 1982) a engendré, en 1994, la mise en place d’un nouveau Droit de la Mer, sorte de constitution universelle des espaces maritimes et océaniques de la planète. Sa grande innovation consiste en une nationalisation de la mer, attribuant aux Etats côtiers une Zone Economique Exclusive de 200 milles à partir de leur littoral (12 milles de mer territoriale exclusive + 188 milles de mer patrimoniale économique). Par la Loi sur l...

  5. L'action collective en droit administratif : Groupe de travail interne au Conseil d'Etat - France

    OpenAIRE

    Bélaval, Philippe; Helmlinger, Laurence; Mindu, Patrick; Courreges, Anne; Levasseur, Alain; Strickler, Yves

    2009-01-01

    Il s'agit d'examiner dans quelle mesure et à quelles conditions, l'instauration d'une action collective pourrait offrir une alternative efficace au traitement des contentieux dits de série et si, au-delà de cet objectif, elle est susceptible d'offrir aux justiciables placés dans la même situation qui entendent contester la légalité de décisions similaires ou faire valoir des droits identiques une voie adéquate et pertinente.

  6. Título da página electrónica: Mission de Recherche Droit et Justice

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    João Paulo Dias

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available A Mission de Recherche Droit et Justice foi criada, em 1994, numa iniciativa conjunta entre o Ministério da Justiça francês e o Centre Nationale de Recherches Scientifiques. Esta associação permite a integração, numa estrutura comum, de meios humanos, intelectuais e materiais, públicos e privados, considerados necessários para o desenvolvimento de actividades científicas de investigação. Entre os seus membros fundadores com poderes deliberativos no Conselho de Administração, encontramos també...

  7. Le droit comme système de contrôle social

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    Malik Bozzo-Rey

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article entend questionner l’application du concept de norme juridique tel qu’il est pensé par Bentham au regard de la réflexion foucaldienne sur la norme. Plus précisément, il s’agira de se pencher sur les Principes du code pénal rédigés par Jeremy Bentham. Après avoir exposé le cadre normatif de la théorie du droit benthamienne, nous interrogerons la place de la motivation et de la punition dans un modèle juridique pensé comme système de contrôle social. En effet, comment s’assurer de la conduite des personnes autrement que par la mise en place d’un système punitif et disciplinaire ? La réponse est à trouver du côté de ce que Bentham appelle la législation indirecte qui pense les modalités de l’influence au prisme de la prévention.This paper would like to focus on the applicability of the concept of a legal norm elaborated by Bentham compared with foucaldian thought. More precisely, I will based my analysis on the Principes du code pénal written by Bentham. After having exposed the normative frame of Bentham’s legal theory, I will try to aswer to the following question: what could be the role of punishment and motivation in a legal model turned in a system of social control? Indeed, is there a way to ensure that people’s conduct will be as requested by the law without building a system of control based on punishment and discipline? Bentham’s answer has to be found in what he calls indirect legislation, which proposes modalities of influence on people’s behaviour through prevention.

  8. L'administration du travail et la production du droit du travail (1906-1960). : Note de synthèse du rapport de recherche

    OpenAIRE

    Le Crom, Jean-Pierre

    2007-01-01

    Synthèse d'un rapport de recherche dont l'objectif est d'appréhender le rôle de l'administration centrale du travail dans la production du droit du travail. Deux dimensions sont explorées : le profil des rédacteurs et l'organisation des structures.

  9. Évolutions récentes du droit européen des marchés publics de Défense

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    Baudouin Heuninckx

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente, dans leur contexte politique et économique, les évolutions du droit européen des marchés publics de défense au cours des cinq dernières années, en particulier la nouvelle directive applicable aux marchés de défense et de sécurité et le régime intergouvernemental qui peut être appliqué lorsque l’exemption de l’art. 346 du Traité sur le Fonctionnement de l’Union Européenne, qui permet d’exclure de l’application du droit européen certaines mesures nécessaires à la protection des intérêts essentiels de sécurité de l’État et liées à la production ou au commerce de matériel militaire, est appliqué. Ces innovations représentent sans doute la plus vaste évolution du droit des marchés publics de défense au sein de l’Union Européenne, et ont non seulement le potentiel d’ouvrir les marchés nationaux de l’armement à la concurrence, mais également de modifier de manière fondamentale le travail des acheteurs dans le domaine de la défense. Notre article aide à définir le droit applicable aux marchés publics de défense au sein de l’Union Européenne, et discute les récentes évolutions de ce droit en fonction de la spécificité des marchés d’armements et de leur impact politique et économique.

  10. L'inspection du travail et le droit en Afrique francophone au XXe siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Renucci, Florence

    2009-01-01

    L'objectif de cette étude est de mettre en évidence les grandes lignes de l'histoire de l'inspection du travail et son rapport au droit français en Afrique noire tout au long du XXe siècle. Il s'agit d'une recherche introductive à un travail plus approfondi. Sans nier les différences qui peuvent exister d'un territoire à un autre de l'Afrique, nous espérons dessiner une vue d'ensemble qui devra être vérifiée au cas par cas. Elle s'appuie à la fois sur des sources juridiques traditionnelles (l...

  11. Trois modèles « éducatifs » : droit, potentialité et capital humain

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    Ingrid Robeyns

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, j’analyse trois logiques normatives qui peuvent fonder les politiques éducatives en portant une attention particulière aux questions liées aux spécificités des sexes. Ces trois modèles éducatifs sont la théorie du capital humain, le discours du droit et l’approche des potentialités. D’abord, je décris cinq rôles que l’éducation peut jouer. Ensuite, j’analyse les trois modèles pouvant fonder les politiques éducatives. La théorie du capital humain pose un certain nombre de problèmes parce qu’elle s’avère économiciste, fragmentée et essentiellement instrumentaliste. Le discours du droit et l’approche des potentialités sont en principe des modèles multidimensionnels et inclusifs et peuvent par le fait même tenir compte des rôles intrinsèques et non économicistes de l’éducation. Toutefois, selon la manière dont quelqu’un satisfait aux exigences spécifiques des cadres théoriques du droit et des potentialités, ceux-ci peuvent également présenter des difficultés. Je termine cet article en soutenant que la visée intrinsèque des politiques éducatives devrait être d’augmenter les potentialités des individus et que nous devrions employer les discours du droit de façon stratégique, c’est-à-dire lorsqu’il est probable qu’ils amènent les gens à réaliser leurs potentialités.In this paper, I discuss three normative approaches that can establish educational policies with special attention to gender issues. These three models of education are human capital theory, the discourse of law and the capabilities theory. First, I describe five roles that education can play. Then I analyze the three foundational models of educational policies. The human capital theory raises a number of problems because it is economistic, fragmented and largely instrumental. The discourse of law and the capabilites theory are usually multidimensional and inclusive; they can thereby take into account

  12. De l'état social à l'état des droits de l'homme ?

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    Bec, Colette

    2015-01-01

    Beaucoup a été dit sur l’offensive économique du « grand tournant néolibéral » et ses conséquences sur le système de protection sociale : réduction des sécurités, retour de la vulnérabilité sociale… On a beaucoup moins souligné ce que l’on peut appréhender comme l’autre face de ce phénomène : l’irruption dans le champ des politiques sociales de la philosophie des droits de l’homme dont la notion centrale de dignité est en passe de devenir le nouveau référentiel. Elle est au principe des chang...

  13. Liberté de religion (art. 9 CEDH: droit de ne pas être contraint de révéler ses convictions religieuses et prélèvement à la source de l’impôt cultuel. L’affaire Wasmuth c. Allemagne

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    Nicolas Hervieu

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo, apparso su Actualités Droits-Libertés del 20 février 2011 (CREDOF, http://credof.u-paris10.fr/ e destinato anche alla rivista telematica “Combats pour les droits de l’homme”, è pubblicato per la cortese disponibilità del Centre de Recherches et d’Études sur les Droits Fondamentaux - Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense.

  14. Comment réguler les relations triangulaires de travail ? La RSE face au droit dans le travail intérimaire et les centres d'appel

    OpenAIRE

    Sobczak, André; Rorive Feytmans, Brigitte; Havard, Christelle

    2008-01-01

    Dans un nombre grandissant de secteurs, la régulation des rapports de travail est aujourd'hui fragilisée par l'intrusion de plus en plus importante d'autres acteurs dans la relation traditionnellement bilatérale entre employeur et salariés. Le défi posé au droit du travail par l'intrusion des acteurs-tiers favorise l'émergence, à côté du droit du travail, de nouvelles formes de régulation des rapports de travail, élaborées et mises en œuvre par différents acteurs. On note en particulier un dé...

  15. La responsabilité de la puissance publique en France et en Allemagne. Étude de droit comparé

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    Anne Jacquemet-Gauché

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail trouve sa genèse dans le constat d’une lacune : l’étude de la responsabilité de la puissance publique est rarement entreprise dans une perspective comparatiste, contrairement à d’autres pans du droit public. Pourtant, cette étude est intéressante à plus d’un titre. En effet, les juristes français soulignent fréquemment que la responsabilité reflète une certaine conception de l’État. Le droit administratif français est traditionnellement marqué par le recours à la notion de service ...

  16. Le régime social français des dockers emporté par le droit commun du travail ?

    OpenAIRE

    Charbonneau, Alexandre

    2013-01-01

    Le droit social applicable aux dockers ne résulte pas d'un dispositif unique. Il s'agit plutôt d'un enchevêtrement de statuts élaborés par des législations successives, d'époques et d'inspirations différentes. La réforme de 1992 organisera ainsi la survie du statut de 1947 et d'institutions propres aux dockers professionnels intermittents alors même qu'elle se présente comme une loi de rupture avec le particularisme originaire de cette profession, une loi de basculement dans le droit commun d...

  17. La liberté du travail en droit français. Essai sur l'évolution d'une notion à usages multiples

    OpenAIRE

    Le Crom, Jean-Pierre

    2006-01-01

    L'évolution du concept de liberté du travail témoigne de sa grande élasticité. Au XXe siècle, sa signification initiale s'est peu à peu transformée pour intégrer le droit au travail alors que la liberté du commerce et de l'industrie, celle de l'employeur; s'était réduite avec le développement du droit du travail. En ce début du XXIe siècle, elle est de nouveau employée dans son sens ancien. Il s'agit de libérer le marché du travail, non pas évidemment des jurandes et autres communautés de mét...

  18. L'impact des transformations de régime en Pologne après 1989 sur la définition du droit rural

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    Aleksander Lichorowicz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Le débat sur la portée et les criteres de définition du droit rural continue, dans la doctrine polonaise, depuis les années cinquante. J'ai présenté son déroulement et ses résultats dans une vaste dissertation il y a plusieurs années (...

  19. DROIT ET DÉMOCRATIE CHEZ HANS KELSEN. LA CRITIQUE KELSÉNIENNE DE LA PERSONNALISATION DE L’ÉTAT

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    Soraya Nour Sckell

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude analyse comment Kelsen, pour libérer le droit et la démocratie des traces de ce qu'il appelle les hypostases collectives ou la mythologie de l'âme collective, prend position face aux grandes théories de la sociologie et de la psychologie sociale de son temps (Durkheim, Simmel, Weber et Freud. D'abord, il s'agira de montrer comment Kelsen critique les métaphores de l'âme collective ; ensuite, de montrer comment la pensée kelsénienne sur le droit et la démocratie essaie d'échapper aux problèmes liés à la métaphore de l'âme collective. Cela peut laisser entrevoir quelques points communs entre la théorie de Kelsen et les théories contemporaines sur le droit et la démocratie libérées des prémisses de l'idée d'une communauté homogène.

  20. Du Style pour dire non, ou l’artillerie d’une poétique de combat dans Cahier d’un Retour au Pays Natal d’Aimé Césaire

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    Clotaire Saah Nengou

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Malgré les divers thèmes étudiés par des générations d’écrivains d’Afrique et de la diaspora noire francophone, la plupart de leurs œuvres ne reflète souvent que très timidement une forme esthétique hardie; serait-ce par peur de faire la différence? Par contre le poète Aimé Césaire ose. Dans son poème Cahier d’un Retour au Pays Natal, Césaire fait du signe une arme stylistique et insurrectionnelle pour combattre la norme culturelle tyrannique imposée à sa conscience, combattre les oppresseurs d’hommes et les larbins de la révolte. Soit le “style pour dire non!” La présente étude voudrait montrer que l’expressivité chez Césaire dans cet inusable, long et délirant texte poétique, c’est de l’artillerie lourde qui se caractérise par l’usage quantitatif, qualitatif et volumique d’éléments linguistiques, sortes d’obus donnant vitalité aux idées et violence aux signifiants.

  1. Droit et homosexualités: une réconciliation fragile Law and homosexualities: a weak reconciliation

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    Daniel Borrillo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La relation entre l’ordre social et juridique et les sexualités dissidentes, parmi lesquelles l’homosexualité, a toujours été particulièrement complexe. Si dans la civilisation gréco-romaine il régnait une atmosphère de tolérance, le monde judéo-chrétien a posé les fondations d’une répression morale et légale de laquelle le monde occidental a toutes les difficultés de se défaire. Cet article analyse l’évolution du traitement légal de l’homosexualité et montre la difficile réconciliation entre le droit et les citoyens homosexuels.The relationship between the legal and social order and the dissident sexualities, among which the homosexuality, has always been particularly complex. If the Greco-Roman civilization soaked in an atmosphere of tolerance, the Judeo-Christian world has laid the foundations for a moral and legal repression from which the West has difficulty in freeing itself. This article analyzes the evolution of the legal treatment of the homosexuality and shows the difficult reconciliation between the law and the homosexual citizens.

  2. Un procès en Droit du Travail à Rennes sous l'Ancien Régime : Un procès en Droit du Travail à Rennes sous l'Ancien Régime : la répression mouvementée de l'activité clandestine d'un perruquier chambreland (1705)

    OpenAIRE

    Hamon, Thierry

    2006-01-01

    Bien que l'on considère généralement que le Droit du Travail n'a qu'une existence vieille de moins de deux siècles, nombreux sont pourtant les contre-exemples qui révèlent, sous l'Ancien Régime, un fort encadrement juridique du travail au sein des professions de l'artisanat...

  3. Mesures de procédure spéciales et respect des droits de l'homme Rapport général

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    John A.E. Vervaele

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Le but du rapport général est de mener une analyse comparative des rapports nationaux en vue de présenter les processus de transformation des systèmes de justice pénale internes, en particulier du procès pénal, étant donné que des mesures procédurales spéciales sont introduites pour appréhender le terrorisme et la criminalité organisée, et de voir si cela a conduit les pays à se départir de leur propres règles fondamentales, procédures, principes et standards des droits de l’homme applicables. Partant de la prémisse qu’un système intégré de droit pénal a trois dimensions – la protection des individus (la dimension de bouclier, la mise à disposition d’instruments d’application de la loi (la dimension d’épée et les contrôles et équilibres c’est-à-dire la séparation des pouvoirs (la dimension constitutionnelle – le rapport fournit un aperçu d’ensemble des transformations corrélées, surtout dans la procédure d’enquête préliminaire, qui les ont affectées toutes les trois dans trois vagues de « guerre » (contre la drogue, le crime organisé et le terrorisme. Dans beaucoup de pays, les garanties procédurales et les principes qui protègent contre la violation du droit à un procès équitable sont considérés comme un fardeau du point de vue de l’efficacité de l’application de la loi à la criminalité grave. Ces réformes se sont traduites par une claire extension de l’état répressif et un estompement des distinctions classiques, et ne favorisent pas la primauté du droit. La focalisation sur la sécurité publique et les investigations contraignantes préventives sapent le système de justice pénale. Avec l’usage croissant du système de justice criminelle comme instrument de régulation du présent et/ou de l’avenir plutôt que de sanction d’un comportement passé, et un procès pénal dans lequel l’enquête préliminaire ne concerne pas la recherche de la v

  4. ALGORTITHME PERMETTANT L'ÉVALUATION DU DYSFONCTIONNEMENT DES VENTRICULES GAUCHE ET DROIT INDÉPENDAMMENT L'UN DE L'AUTRE.

    OpenAIRE

    Venet, Richard,; Dupont, T.; Pavie, Alain; Leger, Philippe

    2010-01-01

    Connaissant les résultats d'un cathétérisme cardiaque, peut-on calculer les performances des ventricules gauche et droit ? Pour cela nous avons appliqué les principes de l'hydraulique des pompes au cœur artificiel Jarvik-7-100 monté sur un banc expérimental. L'étude hydraulique, sur banc expérimental, des ventricules pneumatiques mis en mouvement par de l'air comprimé du cœur artificiel totalement implantable Jarvik nous a montré que ce sont des pompes alternatives à clapets dont les courbes ...

  5. Les prud'hommes et la fabrique du droit du travail : Contribution à une sociologie de l'activité judiciaire

    OpenAIRE

    Willemez, Laurent

    2012-01-01

    L'article a pour objectif de comprendre la manière dont les conseillers prud'hommes partiicpent pare leurs jugements à la fabrication du droit du travail. L'enquête sociographique permet de montrer la pluralité des modes d'investissement dans l'institution prud'homale et de mettre en valeur le rôle-clé joué par le groupe des "professionnels des prud'hommes". L'analyse de leur mode de socialisation à l'institution et de leurs pratiques de jugement montre que ceux-ci sont soumis à trois rationa...

  6. Kierkegaard - le Philosophe, le Juge et le Droit (Kierkegaard – the Philosopher, the Judge and the Law

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    Ditlev Tamm

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Le fameux théologien et philosophe Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855 dans son oeuvre souvnt utilize expressions et metaphors pris du monde judiciare. Il pare, quíl est bien au courant quant´au monde des jurists de son age et place. La plupart des expressions sont pris du droit penal et de la procédure pénale. Le criminel comme individu ou l’objet de línterrogation et comme coupable es tun des ses images favorites. Dans ses oeuvres Ou-bien … Ou bien et Etapes su la chemin de la vie nous encontrons un juge danois avec la possibilité de suivre ses reflections sur son travail et l’éthique d’un repésentant de la justice locale. Le juge est une des masques sous lesquelles Kierkegaard s’adresse a nous. Les oeuvres de Kierkegaard et l’utilisation des expressions prises du monde du droit sont ici présentées dans un contexte contemporaire du doit et vie á Copenhague dans les années entre 1840 et 1855 en contrastant les différances entre le narrative de Kierkegaard selon lequel le doit peut server comme example et sur l’autre côté son concept transcendental de l’être coupable. The famous Danish theologian and existentialist philosopher Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855 in his work often used expressions or metaphors taken from judicial life, which reveals him as familiar with the legal world of his time and place. Most expressions are taken from penal law and penal procedure. The criminal as individual or the object of interrogation and guilt is one of his favorite images. In his Enten-Eller (Either/or and Stadier paa Livets Vej (Stages on Life’s Way we even meet a Danish judge and follow his reflections on his work and the ethics of a representative of local Justice. The judge is one of the masks under which Kierkegaard presents his thinking. Kierkegaard’s works and his use of expressions taken from the legal world are presented in the contemporary context of law and life in Copenhagen in the 1840ies however contrasting the

  7. Concentration des droits de propriété, séparation entre participation au capital et contrôle des votes et performance opérationnelle des sociétés:une étude canadienne

    OpenAIRE

    Yves Bozec; Claude Laurin

    2004-01-01

    (VF)La relation qui existe entre la concentration des droits de vote et la performance des sociétés canadiennes est non monotone, reflétant à la fois les avantages et les inconvénients de la concentration des droits de propriété. Dans certaines circonstances, la séparation des droits de vote de la participation au capital semble nuire à la performance des sociétés canadiennes. (VA) Tests on whether ownership concentration has an impact on the performance of Canadian firms reveal that the rela...

  8. Giornalismo investigativo, vittime e diritto di cronaca / Journalisme d’investigation, victimes et droit de chronique / Investigative journalism, victims and right to report

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    Bravo Fabio

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyzes the role and the characteristics of the investigative journalism along with its relationship with other disciplines, as sociology, criminology and victimology on one side, and law on the other side. Special focus is on the method and the techniques used by the investigative journalist and on the convergence between investigative journalism, law and social research. About the relationship between journalism and victims, the author proposes a new classification, which can be used to better identify and study different fields of research. This classification can also help the investigative journalism to work with a new approach, based on victimology. In the final part of the essay, the author focuses on the functions of "the right to report" and the investigative journalism, in the light of the significant judgments pronounced by Italian courts (in particular, Italian Supreme Court of Cassation, 3rd Civil Section, No. 16326/2010. Cet article vise à examiner les caractéristiques et le rôle du journalisme d’investigation ainsi que sa relation avec, d’un côté, d’autres disciplines comme la sociologie, la criminologie et la victimologie, et, de l'autre, le droit. Une attention particulière est accordée à la méthode et aux techniques utilisées par le journaliste d’investigation de même que sur la convergence entre journalisme, droit d’investigation et recherche sociale. À propos de la relation entre le journalisme et les victimes, l’auteur suggère une nouvelle classification qui peut être utilisée afin de mieux identifier et étudier les différents domaines de la recherche sur le sujet. Cette classification peut également servir à développer une nouvelle approche de travail pour le journalisme d’investigation, fondée sur la victimologie. Dans la dernière partie de l’article, l’auteur met en évidence les fonctions du « droit de chronique » du journalisme d’investigation, à la lumière des

  9. S. Crépon. La nouvelle extrême droite, enquête sur les jeunes militants du Front national

    OpenAIRE

    Générat, Émilie

    2009-01-01

    Le Front national (FN) progresse depuis la fin des années quatre-vingt. Cette progression a souvent été expliquée par des causes socio-économiques. Pourtant en 2002, lorsque Jean-Marie Le Pen arrive au deuxième tour des élections présidentielles, la France est en période de croissance économique. Dans La nouvelle extrême droite, enquête sur les jeunes militants du Front national, Sylvain Crépon donne la parole aux jeunes militants de ce parti considéré « pas comme les autres », afin de recuei...

  10. PREMIERS RÉSULTATS HYDRAULIQUES DE LA RELATION ENTRE LES VENTRICULES PNEUMATIQUES GAUCHE ET DROIT DU CŒUR ARTIFICIEL JARVIK-7-100.

    OpenAIRE

    Venet, Richard,; Dupont, T.; Leger, Philippe; Pavie, Alain

    2009-01-01

    L'étude hydraulique, sur banc expérimental, des ventricules pneumatiques mis en mouvement par de l'air comprimé du cœur artificiel totalement implantable Jarvik nous a montré que ce sont des pompes alternatives à clapets dont les courbes caractéristiques sont des droites de pente négative et que le cœur artificiel Jarvik est composé de ces deux pompes en montées en série. A la différence des pompes centrifuges, le comportement hydraulique de ces ventricules nous fait apparaître et une loi sim...

  11. Thomas Bouchet, Un jeudi à l’Assemblée. Politiques du discours et droit au travail dans la France de 1848

    OpenAIRE

    Chambarlhac, Vincent

    2009-01-01

    Le jeudi à l’Assemblée choisi par Thomas Bouchet pour situer sa présentation des « formes » et des « logiques du discours politique au milieu du xixe siècle » (p. 11), et par là leur restituer leur intensité, est l’une des séances que les membres de l’Assemblée nationale constituante de la Seconde République ont consacrées à débattre des articles du projet de préambule rédigé par la commission de constitution consacrés à la question cruciale du droit au travail, offerts à leur lecture à la fi...

  12. Le droit étatique mexicain et les populations indigènes : fonction de reconnaissance ou fonction d’intégration Mexican State law and indigenous populations: recognition function or integration function

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    Akuavi Adonon

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available L’articulation de l’État, du droit et de la réalité indigène au Mexique pose le problème de la reconnaissance. La reconnaissance de populations indigènes qui se distinguent du reste de la population mexicaine mais qui aspirent à être incluses de plein droit dans une notion d’État forcément renouvelée. En effet, le cadre constitutionnel mexicain accorde difficilement une place aux populations indigènes et reflète le tiraillement entre une conception unitaire de l’État et du droit étatique et une réalité multiculturelle de plus en plus présente et exigeante d’une inclusion explicite de la diversité. Le droit étatique est perçu comme un lieu privilégié de reconnaissance, il est également perçu comme un instrument de revendication. Pour les populations indigènes, le droit positif peut opérer la réconciliation, cependant ce droit étatique semble bel et bien avoir des limites face aux attentes légitimes d’un secteur important de la population.The way in which the State, the Law and the indigenous reality are articulated in Mexico involves the question of their recognition; the recognition of indigenous people, who are different in certain aspects from the rest of the population, but who want to be included with full rights in a definition of the State that has to be renewed. As a matter of fact, Mexican Constitution does not completely grant a place to indigenous people, this a document does not solve the tension between a unitary conception of the State and State law, and a multicultural reality that actually demands a bigger and more explicit recognition. State Law is seen by indigenous people as the main instrument of recognition, and it is also seen as a vindication instrument; they are looking for their recognition, they try to get it and to achieve reconciliation through the law. However, State law seems to have serious limits when faced with the rightful expectations of this important part of population.

  13. Le droit comme outil de maintien en emploi : rôle protecteur, rôle destructeur ? Law as an employment maintenance mechanism: protective role, destructive role? El derecho como una herramienta para conservar el empleo: rol protector, rol destructor?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Lippel

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet article explore les pratiques juridiques et de gestion appliquées au Québec à l’égard des personnes atteintes d’incapacité de travail en raison d’une lésion professionnelle. Il débute par un examen des facteurs associés au succès du retour au travail rapportés dans la littérature des sciences de réadaptation, notamment les études sur la réinsertion précoce. Ensuite, il examine le droit régissant la réadaptation professionnelle, ainsi que son application par les employeurs et la Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CSST à la lumière des principales conclusions de la littérature en ce qui concerne les facteurs qui facilitent le retour au travail et ceux qui y font obstacle. On conclut que le droit lui-même crée peu d’obstacles à la mise en œuvre d’un retour au travail réussi ; par contre, les pratiques de gestion et de traitement des litiges entourant la mise en œuvre de ce droit peuvent compromettre le succès du retour au travail des personnes ayant subi une lésion professionnelle.This article examines Québec legal and management practices regarding workers disabled due to a work-related injury. The article begins by reviewing key issues raised in the rehabilitation literature with regard to factors that favour a successful return to work after injury, including studies on early return to work. It then examines Québec workers’ rehabilitation legislation and its application by employers and the workers’ compensation board (CSST in light of the key findings from the literature regarding facilitators and obstacles to a successful return to work. It concludes that while the legislation itself creates few obstacles for a successful return to work, current practices in the management and handling of cases involving the implementation of this law may diminish the chances of successful return to work for injured workers.Este artículo explora las prácticas jurídicas y de gesti

  14. Droit du travail

    OpenAIRE

    Aubert, Gabriel

    2009-01-01

    Le propos de cette thèse soutenue à l’Université Libre de Berlin est d’une actualité brûlante, comme le démontrent la multiplication des accords dérogatoires conclus dans la métallurgie depuis l’été 2004 ou celle des pactes d’entreprise. Comment concilier la régulation salariale de branche et la négociation contractuelle au niveau de l’entreprise ? Elle plaide pour que, dans leur politique contractuelle, les partenaires sociaux se préoccupent plus d’adopter des normes minima (au lieu de maxim...

  15. La géographie de l’Extrême Droite peut-elle s’expliquer par l’ « ethnocentrisme » des territoires ? Une analyse multiscalaire en Europe occidentale

    OpenAIRE

    Van Hamme, Gilles

    2010-01-01

    Le vote d’Extrême Droite en Europe est associé à des positionnements individuels sur les questions de l’immigration, de la sécurité ou encore de la mondialisation. Cet article s’interroge sur la relation écologique entre le vote d’Extrême Droite et des attitudes comme l’intolérance vis-à-vis des étrangers. Nous montrerons que la géographie de l’ « ethnocentrisme » est marquée par l’importance des oppositions entre les zones urbaines et métropolitaines et les zones plus périphériques ou d’indu...

  16. Droit de la famille et réalités familiales : le cas de la Côte d'Ivoire depuis l'indépendance

    OpenAIRE

    VLÉÏ-YOROBA, Chantal

    2005-01-01

    Lorsque la Côte d'Ivoire accède à l'indépendance le 7 août 1960, le législateur se trouve devant une situation délicate : alors qu'une minorité de personnes est justiciable du droit civil français, le reste de la population est régi par le droit coutumier. En 1964, le pays se dote d'une dizaine de lois touchant directement à l'organisation de la famille, code civil révolutionnaire défendu par le président Félix Houphouët-Boigny à l'occasion du VIème anniversaire de l'indépendance en ao...

  17. The changing face of law after the events of 1968… or when law meets politics Introduction to the Mouvement Critique du Droit

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    Martine Kaluszynski

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyse the origins, the development and the long-term impact of the Critical Legal Movement (Mouvement Critique du Droit. Created some thirty years ago, this Movement resulted from the collective mobilisation of legal experts and political scientists across French cities (e.g., Lyon, Montpellier, Saint-Etienne, Toulouse and Paris. Referring mainly to Marxist theories, the Critical Legal Movement argued that law is deeply embedded in its social and its political context, and should thus be analysed through an interdisciplinary approach. Building on this critical perspective, the Movement developed a scientific project and teaching methods, which both differed from and opposed the way in which law was traditionally taught and studied in French Law Faculties. The Movement itself no longer exists, but it nevertheless had far-reaching consequences on the study of law. Indeed, the Critical Legal Movement was an opportunity to successfully explore alternative teaching methods and to create high quality research institutions. Este artículo pretende analizar los orígenes, el desarrollo y el impacto a largo plazo del Movimiento Crítico del Derecho (Mouvement Critique du Droit. Creado hace unos treinta años, este movimiento surgió de la movilización colectiva de juristas y politólogos de diferentes ciudades francesas (como Lyon, Montpellier, Saint-Etienne, Toulouse y París. Haciendo referencia principalmente a teorías marxistas, el Movimiento Crítico del Derecho argumentaba que el derecho está profundamente arraigado en su contexto social y político, y por lo tanto se debe analizar desde un enfoque interdisciplinario. Partiendo de esta perspectiva crítica, el movimiento desarrolló un proyecto científico y métodos educativos, que diferían y se oponían al sistema de enseñanza y estudio del derecho en las facultades de derecho francesas. El movimiento en sí mismo ya no existe, pero sin embargo, tuvo

  18. Le droit coutumier dans la société yéménite : nature et développement

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    Rashâd al-'Âlîmî

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Ce chapitre traduit de l'ouvrage de Rashâd al-'Alîmi, La justice tribale yéménite, se concentre essentiellement sur la nature de la coutume au Yémen. L'auteur met en lumière ses origines anciennes et composites, notamment l'importance des coutumes anté-islamiques et le rôle des compilations élaborées plus tardivement dans un contexte politique tourmenté. Il examine ensuite les relations entre la coutume et le droit islamique (sharî'a, parfois contradictoires, par exemple sur la définition du statut personnel, et le plus souvent complémentaires. Ces relations complexes ne vont pas sans provoquer l'embarras du législateur yéménite contemporain. Pour compléter ce tableau, la nature des peines en droit coutumier, touchant aux corps ou aux biens, fait l'objet d'un exposé plus approfondi, qui s'achève sur un examen des circonstances aggravantes ou atténuantes.Customary Law in Yemen : Nature and DevelopmentThis chapter is a translation from Rashâd al-'Alîmî's Tribal justice in Yemeni Society, which mainly focuses on the nature of custom in Yemen. The author highlights the different and ancient origins of custom, especially the importance of pre-Islamic customs and later works of customary norms, compiled in a turbulent political context. He then examines the relations between custom and Islamic law (sharî'a, as being sometimes contradictory (for example as regards the definition of personal status, but more often complementary. These complex relations complicate the legislative work in contemporary Yemen. The chapter concludes with an examination of customary norms in regard to the nature of penalties for damaging bodily integrity and goods and an exposition of the nature of aggravating and mitigating circumstances in customary law.

  19. Le droit musulman en pratique : genre, filiation et bioéthique Islamic Jurisprudence in Practice: Gender, Filiation and Bioethics

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    Corinne Fortier

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Les modifications récentes des Codes de statut personnel ou pénal de certains pays musulmans qui touchent en particulier au mariage, au divorce, à l’adultère et aux crimes d’honneur réinterrogent les notions fondamentales que sont la dot, le lien conjugal, l’autorité des hommes, le contrôle de la sexualité des femmes. De plus, les réformes législatives liées à « l’adoption », aux procréations médicalement assistées, au désaveu et à la reconnaissance de paternité, à l’usage de tests ADN, font apparaître le rapport du biologique et du social dans la détermination de la filiation en islam. Par ailleurs, les nouvelles questions de bioéthique comme la contraception, l’avortement, ou encorele don d’organes, ont amené les juristes musulmans à émettre des avis juridiques (fatâwâ sur ces questions inédites en puisant leurs réponses dans l’esprit des textes de droit musulman classique. Le droit musulman (fiqh loin d’être intangible et immuable, comme on a tendance à le penser, se situe dans une dynamique pragmatique et évolutive permanente ainsi que le montre la diversité des avis juridiques produits par les juristes musulmans sur des questions sans cesse renouvelées.Recent modifications of personal status and of penal codes in some Muslim countries question fundamental patriarchal ideas and practices about marriage such as bridewealth, conjugal relations, male authority and sexual control of women. These modifications specifically concern weddings, divorce, adultery, and honor crimes. Furthermore, legislative reforms connected to «adoption», medically assistedprocreation, denial or recognition of paternity, use of genetic tests, illustrate the relation of biological and social in the determination of filiation in Islam. Besides, new questions of bioethics such as contraception, abortion, or organ donation, have led Muslim jurists to express legal opinions (fatâwâ on these new questions while

  20. Les interdictions adressées à l’employeur en droit du travail : essai de clarification French Labour Law Prohibitions to be Obeyed by Employers

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    Sophie Nadal

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available La législation sociale est sujette à de vigoureuses critiques. Parmi elles, il en est une qui revient de façon récurrente : les interdictions faites à l’employeur (et partant les obstacles mis à la libre entreprise seraient excessives et trop nombreuses. Par delà la perception courante, la notion d’interdiction - et particulièrement sa définition - est particulièrement délicate à cerner. Le point invite donc à la réflexion : comment caractériser en droit du travail les règles supportant des interdictions adressées à l’employeur ? Comment peut-on les comprendre ? Tels sont les questionnements qui nourrissent le propos.Social legislation is subject to varied and vigorous criticisms. Among them perhaps the most frequent is that prohibitions imposed on the employer (which as such constitute obstacles to free enterprise are considered excessive and too numerous. Beyond its common understanding, the prohibition concept – and especially its definition – is extremely difficult to circumscribe. This difficulty calls for reflection: how should labour law characterise the rules supporting prohibitions imposed to the employer? How should they be understood? These are the questions discussed in this paper.

  1. Educational Research in Relation to the Rights of the Child (Les Sciences De L'Education en Relation Aux Droits De L'Enfant).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Herreweghe, M. L., Ed.

    This collection of 24 articles explores how educational research, programs and policies in several countries are related to the issue of children's rights. Several of the collected articles focus on aspects of children's experience and development. Group membership, children's right to happiness, the development of an optimistic outlook among…

  2. Analyse de la compétence juridictionnelle à partir de la première décision de la Cour Africaine des Droits de l’Homme et des Peuples : l’affaire Hissène Habré

    OpenAIRE

    Ilich Felipe Corredor Carvajal

    2012-01-01

    Si l’on évoque l’affaire Hissène Habré, il semble que l'itinéraire vers un véritable procès judiciaire est plutôt l’un des plus complexes, sinueux[1] et mal gérés de l’histoire récente. En effet, il s’agit tant de l’ingérence d’intérêts politiques que de l’existence de problèmes juridiques sérieux qui vont depuis l’application des normes pénales jusqu’à remettre en cause la relation[2] entre le droit interne et le droit international dans les domaines pénal et de la protection des droits de l...

  3. Science and Science Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oravetz, David

    2005-01-01

    This article is for teachers looking for new ways to motivate students, increase science comprehension, and understanding without using the old standard expository science textbook. This author suggests reading a science fiction novel in the science classroom as a way to engage students in learning. Using science fiction literature and language…

  4. Le sort des répudiations musulmanes dans l’ordre juridique français. Droit et idéologie(s Muslim Repudiations in the French Legal System: Law and Ideologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Claude Najm

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Mode de dissolution du mariage exclusivement tributaire de la volonté unilatérale du mari, la répudiation islamique heurte le principe d’égalité des époux qui fait partie des valeurs fondamentales du droit français. Quel est alors le sort réservé, dans l’ordre juridique français, aux répudiations prononcées à l’étranger en application du droit musulman ? À cet égard, l’évolution de la jurisprudence française au cours des trente dernières années révèle un durcissement des exigences de l’ordre public, au terme d’un parcours erratique oscillant entre la reconnaissance et le rejet. Cette évolution en dents de scie qui semble aujourd’hui stabilisée n’est pas réellement surprenante, tant les impératifs en jeu sont délicats à mettre en œuvre. En effet, l’accueil réservé à la répudiation de droit musulman en France dévoile, au-delà de la technique juridique, un double conflit de valeurs. Sur le terrain du droit international privé, il met en lumière le tiraillement entre deux impératifs : celui de préserver la cohésion et les valeurs de l’ordre juridique français d’une part, celui de favoriser l’harmonie internationale des solutions d’autre part. Ensuite et surtout, sur un terrain proprement idéologique, la question touche à la conception même que l’on se fait des droits de l’homme dans les relations entre systèmes juridiques de traditions culturelles différentes ; elle oppose alors les tenants du relativisme culturel à ceux qui prônent la vocation des droits de l’homme à l’universalité.A form of marriage dissolution initiated exclusively and unilaterally by the husband, Islamic repudiation tests the principle of equality between spouses that figures among the fundamental values of French law. What status does French law accord repudiations pronounced abroad under Islamic law? The development of French jurisprudence on this question over the past thirty years shows a

  5. Subjective evaluation of performance through individual evaluation interview : theory and empirical evidence from France

    OpenAIRE

    Marc-Arthur DIAYE; Greenan, Nathalie; Urdanivia, Michal,

    2006-01-01

    URL des Cahiers : http://mse.univ-paris1.fr/MSEFramCahier2006.htm Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques 2006.61 - ISSN 1624-0340 Individual evaluation interviews have become a widespread practice. 52 % of employees in French manufacturing firms over 50 employees declared an annual individual evaluation interview in 1997. However whereas the problem of constructing an optimal contract with subjective evaluation (which is defined simply as a signal in most papers) receives a large...

  6. Michel Massé, Jean-Paul Jean et André Guidicelli (dir., Un droit pénal postmoderne ? Mise en perspective des évolutions et ruptures contemporaines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginie Gautron

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Les recherches portant sur les évolutions du système pénal sont foisonnantes, preuve en est le nombre pléthorique d’articles, d’ouvrages et de rapports de recherche consacrés au sujet. Juristes, sociologues, historiens et politologues rendent compte des mutations profondes qui affectent le système pénal depuis quelques décennies. Leurs travaux témoignent d’évolutions diverses : hybridation des régulations (internationalisation et européanisation du droit pénal et de la justice pénale, partici...

  7. Droit de la filiation et procréation médicalisée : une coexistence difficile Law of filiation and medically assisted procreation: difficult coexistence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-France Nicolas-Maguin

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Les techniques médicales ont le pouvoir de bouleverser le processus de la procréation. Le médecin en devient un acteur essentiel. Cette désincarnation de la procréation atteint les concepts de la filiation plus ou moins largement à travers deux ruptures, la rupture du lien entre procréation et sexualité et la rupture temporelle que permet la congélation des gamètes et de l’embryon. Il appartient à la loi d’intégrer ou d’ignorer ces atteintes. Le droit français a fait le choix de l’intégration sélective puisque la procréation médicalement assistée est considérée comme un remède à la stérilité pathologique et non un mode alternatif de reproduction. Ce choix recèle des contradictions qui illustrent la difficulté de l’exercice.Medical technology has the power drastically impact the procreation process. The doctor becomes a major actor in this process. This disembodiment of procreation more or less affects the filiation concepts through two “kinds of breaking”, breaking the link between procreation and sexuality and breaking the temporal link made possible by freezing gamets and embryo. It is task of the law to incorporate or ignore these gaps. French law has chosen selective integration since medically assisted procreation is considered as a remedy to pathological sterility and not as an alternative mode of reproduction. This choice hides contradictions showing how difficult this exercise is.

  8. Comment on Legislative Barriers of Droit de suite of Works Property Rights in China%我国著作财产追续权立法障碍评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁世华; 刘远山

    2013-01-01

    With the copyright law revised, droit de suite is increasingly demanded to be part of law. However, the entrance of droit de suite into China's copyright law is blocked by the barriers of law enforcement:information acquisition art work transfer and rights claim pattern. If these obstacles are not removed, it cannot be readily enforced even if it enters the law system. Though theoretically justified, the practical operability shall be taken into account.%在著作权法修订之际,关于追续权入法的呼声日隆。然而,将追续权纳入中国著作权法,尚需解决其执法障碍,即美术作品转让的信息获取问题和权利主张模式,如果这些障碍不解决,即使入法,也缺乏可操作性。理论上的正当性,也需要考虑到实际操作上的可行性。

  9. Reflections on Droit de Suite Legislation in China%追续权入法问题探讨——对著作权法修改草案引入追续权的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余丽萍; 程凌

    2015-01-01

    Droit de suite, as an important matter in the third amendment to the copyright law in China, has aroused great attention and discussion in the legal circles. Given the status quo of our artistic work market, theoretical foundation and the investigation before legislation, conditions are not ready for droit de suite legislation in China. Moreover, this legislation may bring about negative effects. Therefore, we should take a cautious and rational attitude to it.%追续权作为我国著作权法第三次修改的重要内容,引起了学界的广泛讨论.虽然国内众多学者支持追续权入法,但从我国艺术品市场现状、理论基础、集体管理组织的发展状况、立法前的调查分析等方面来看,我国当前尚不具备追续权入法的相关条件;此外,目前著作权法引入追续权制度可能造成一定的负面影响.因此,对于追续权的入法,应持谨慎理性的态度.

  10. État de droit, qualité de la démocratie et gouvernance démocratique au Pérou Rule of Law, Democratic Values and Democratic Governance in Peru Gobierno De La Ley, Calidad De La Democracia Y Gobernabilidad Democrática En El Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Aragón Trelles

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article analyse la relation entre l’État de droit (rule of law, l’administration de la justice, la qualité démocratique et la gouvernance démocratique au Pérou. Ce thème est incontournable puisque la majorité des travaux contemporains en sciences politiques (qui débattent et évaluent la qualité des régimes démocratiques reconnaissent la prévalence du système juridique – effectivité, prévisibilité, équivalence pour tous, capacité d’imposer la justice – sur les trajectoires des régimes (O´Donnell 2004; Morlino y Diamond 2005; Levine y Molina 2007. La première section de ce travail aborde l’intérêt que présente une lecture politiste du développement du droit et des lois ainsi que de leur impact sur la société. La seconde section présente et questionne les diverses interprétations du concept de rule of lawdans les champs de la qualité de la démocratie et gouvernabilité démocratique. Cette section ouvre également la discussion sur les approches qui articulent État de droit et fonctionnement des régimes démocratiques. La troisième et dernière section dresse la situation juridique du Pérou contemporain.This article analyzes the relation between the rule of law, the administration of justice, democratic values and democratic governance in Peru.  This theme is unavoidable since most contemporary works in political science (discussing and evaluating the democratic principles of regimes acknowledge the prevailing role of the legal system – effectiveness, consistency, equal protection, capacity to enforce the law – on the trajectory of regimes (O’Donnell 2004; Morlino and Diamond 2005; Levine and Molina 2007.  The first section of the present work considers the merits of a political analysis of the development of law and laws from the standpoint of their impact on society.  The second section presents and interrogates diverse interpretations of the concept rule of law in the fields of

  11. [Rezension zu:] Duguit, Traité de droit constitutionnel. Tome I. Theorie generale de l'Etat (les éléments, les fonctions, les organes de l'Etat, les agents publies). Tome II. Les libertés publiques, organisation politique. 1911.

    OpenAIRE

    Strupp, Karl

    2010-01-01

    Rezension zu: Duguit, Léon : Traité de droit constitutionnel. Tome I. Theorie generale de l'Etat (les éléments, les fonctions, les organes de l'Etat, les agents publies). Tome II. Les libertés publiques, organisation politique. 1911.

  12. Droit et islam en Europe : quelles globalisations ? Right and Islam in Europe : what Kinds of Globalisations ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis-Léon Christians

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Les systèmes juridiques “reconstruisent” toujours leurs propres objets, y com­pris religieux. L’islam n’échappe pas à ce prisme déformant. On montre ici combien ce travail juridique, notamment judiciaire, tente de se justifier en re­courant, de manière ambiguë, à un ensemble de référents hésitant entre islam local et islam lointain, entre “islam religieux”, “islam politique” et droits des États à population musulmane. Cette analyse permet d’introduire une première interrogation sur les enjeux d’une “globalisation” juridique de l’islam entendue comme un fait socio-anthropologique touchant au religieux et au politique. L’article montre ensuite comment un islam ainsi “reconstruit” surdétermine pro­gressivement le traitement juridique de l’ensemble du “fait religieux”. Ce se­cond sens, méthodologique, donné à la notion de globalisation, même s’il n’est présent qu’à titre de traces ou de tendance montre combien il est malaisé pour la réflexion juridique occidentale de prendre au sérieux une réelle diversité des formes particulières de vie religieuse.Juridical systems reconstruct their objects, religious ones included. Islam is also subject to this deforming prism. This fact seeks to justify itself somewhat ambiguously by referring to local and global, religious and political Islam and the legal practice of Islamic states. The juridical globalization of Islam is here analysed as a socio-anthropological phenomenon somewhere between the religious and the political. This reconstructed Islam overdetermines progressively the juridical approach to religion as a whole. The result, though tentative, illustrates the difficulty experienced by western juridical thought in understanding the multifarious nature of religious life.

  13. Science in Science Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allday, Jonathan

    2003-01-01

    Offers some suggestions as to how science fiction, especially television science fiction programs such as "Star Trek" and "Star Wars", can be drawn into physics lessons to illuminate some interesting issues. (Author/KHR)

  14. Aspects of the Management of the Rising Life Comparing Islamic Law and the Laws of Modern Muslim States De la manière de considérer l’aube de la vie : une comparaison entre droit musulman et droits des États musulmans contemporains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusch Atighetchi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The author presents leading Muslim positions on issues of contraception, abortion, medically assisted reproduction, cloning and stem cells. This article demonstrates the complexity and heterogeneity of the rulings of “classical” Islamic law as well as those of contemporary judges. It deals as well with the social consequences of the new reproductive technologies. The diversity of the legal positions taken by different Muslim states derives from a rich legal tradition, from which may yet develop very diverse legislative approaches to matters related to reproduction.Sont présentées les principales positions musulmanes sur les thèmes relatifs à la contraception, l’avortement, la procréation artificielle, le clonage et les cellules souches. Cet article met ainsi en évidence la complexité et l’hétérogénéité des opinions énoncées par le droit musulman «classique» et par les opinions juridiques contemporaines. Il aborde également les conséquences sociales de l’utilisation des nouvelles technologies de procréation. Les différentes positions juridiques entre les États musulmans constituent des expressions dérivées d’un background juridique qui est en soi très riche et duquel peuvent se développer des législations très diverses relativement au sujet de la contraception, de l’avortement.…

  15. Vous avez le droit de garder le silence : un scénario pédagogique pour faire parler les étudiants de droit You have the right to remain silent : A learning scenario to enhance oral communication in Legal English classes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandrine Chapon

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Le volume horaire des langues à la Faculté de Droit de Grenoble a diminué de moitié en 5 ans. Il est donc nécessaire d’adapter la pédagogie de projet afin de concilier les besoins des apprenants et la diminution des moyens à leur disposition. Le scénario pédagogique que nous proposons de présenter s’articule autour du légendaire cinquième amendement de la Constitution américaine. Il tente de respecter la démarche actionnelle dans laquelle tous les étudiants peuvent prendre une part active à leur apprentissage dans un contexte peu propice à la production orale. Les phases de production font l’objet d’un travail en autonomie guidée. La tâche finale de prise de parole en continu est rendue possible en utilisant des moyens multimédia : lecteurs MP3 ou téléphones portables des étudiants comme ressources documentaires et moyens d’enregistrement.In the past five years, the number of hours dedicated to learning foreign languages at the Grenoble Law School has been reduced by half making it necessary to design teaching strategies to match the drastic decrease of means while meeting the learners’ needs. The following learning scenario is based on the fifth amendment of the American Constitution. It focuses on task-based language learning where every student can take an active part in the learning process in an environment unfavourable to the practise of oral skills. The task involving oral production is carried out outside the classroom and sent via e-mail to the teacher for assessment. The students use their mobile phones or MP3 players in order to record their production.

  16. Droits de propriété intellectuelle et santé publique dans les pays du Sud Intellectual Property Rights and Public Health in Southern Hemisphere Countries : The Anti-AIDS Drugs Issue

    OpenAIRE

    Samira Guennif

    2011-01-01

    Les conditions épidémiologiques au Sud créent un besoin croissant de médicaments essentiels. L’objet de cet article est de s’interroger sur cet enjeu sanitaire sous accord APDIC (Aspect des droits de propriété intellectuelle touchant au commerce). Sont confrontés les flexibilités prévues par l’accord pour promouvoir la santé publique dans les pays en développement et les mesures laborieuses prises par le Brésil, la Thaïlande et l’Inde pour améliorer l’accessibilité des médicaments anti-sida.T...

  17. Droit coutumier et régulation dans la société kabyle de la fin du XIXe siècle Customary Law and Regulation in the Kabyle Society during the End of XIXth Century

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    Mustapha Gahlouz

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail s’appuie sur le droit coutumier, principalement les qanuns ou coutumiers qui constituent une partie de la coutume spéciale et spécifique à chaque village, pour étudier les rapports sociaux dans la société kabyle traditionnelle. Rompant avec les conceptions réduisant son activité régulatrice au seul volet pénal, il a pour but de montrer que le village kabyle s’érige en entité politique à part entière imposant son code et son droit sur son territoire reflétant ainsi la dimension spatiale d’une autorité. Cette dimension est incarnée par une instance représentative et agissante, en l’occurrence l’assemblée des hommes du village ou la tajmaɛt.This work is based on the customary law, mainly the qanuns or customaries, which constitute a part of the special and specific custom of each village, to study the social relationships in the traditional kabyle society. Breaking with the conceptions, which reduce its relating activity to the only penal part, the purpose of this work is to show that the kabyle village sets himself up as a full political entity, imposing its code and its right on its territory, reflecting thus the spacial dimension of an authority. This dimension is embodied by an active and representative authority, in this case the assembly of the adult men of the village or the tajmaɛt.

  18. L’interprétation du droit par les juristes : la place de la délibération éthique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc-André Morency

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, il sera fait un bref rappel du modèle traditionnel d’interprétation des lois, toujours prescrit dans la doctrine, sinon épousé verbalement dans les tribunaux canadiens. Il sera démontré que ce modèle ne peut pas représenter toute la réalité du travail d’interprétation des juristes canadiens, pour plusieurs raisons. L’herméneutique, la sociologie critique, l’analyse du discours, prenant pour objet les textes législatifs, les jugements rendus, les arguments pratiques entendus, ont montré l’étendue du comportement réflexif réel, l’étendue du champ interprétatif visant les circonstances d’une cause. Les textes législatifs donnent de fait de plus en plus de place à l’interprétation des circonstances pertinentes à l’encadrement de l’action des justiciables. Sur un plan empirique, l’analyse des jugements, de même que les prises de position de juges lorsqu’ils s’expriment en dehors du forum judiciaire, mettent en évidence la variété des motifs effectivement pris en considération, l’espace considérable de délibération éthique impliquant de fait tous les interprètes, qu’ils soient simples citoyens d’une communauté, inspirés par l’un ou l’autre des ordres sociaux, ou acteurs spécialisés de l’ordre juridique. Cet article se propose d’examiner comment se produit actuellement, en droit canadien ou québécois, l’interprétation des juristes, dans des processus décisionnels réflexifs, en situations complexes, voire même dans la perspective du développement des institutions.After a brief reminder of the traditional model of statutory interpretation, still prescribed in doctrine, if not espoused verbally in Canadian courts, it will be shown that this model simply does not represent the reality of the interpretive work of practitioners and for several reasons. Hermeneutics, critical sociology, discourse analysis, taking for subject legislation, judgments rendered

  19. Suspension du droit et rétrécissement du politique : apothéose de l’État planétaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Cuenca De la Rosa

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available La dernière guerre du Golfe nous aiderait à interpréter mieux que n’importe quel autre signe ce qu’est objectivement ce début de millénaire. Sur le plan utopique (subjectif les idéologies néolibérales sous tutelle américaine tendent à l’universel fixé sur la démocratie et les droits de l’homme partout, simultanément à la planétarisation du marché. Une lecture même superficielle de notre réalité concrète qui tendrait à mettre au clair comment les habitants concrets du monde qui est le nôtre vivent ou survivent – en quoi consiste leur vie d’être vivants, pour reprendre à notre compte l’idée avancée par Michel Foucault à la fin de La volonté de savoir, lorsqu’il affirme que la modernité se caractérise par l’intrusion de la vie naturelle dans le champ politique – ne pourrait qu’infliger à cette belle prétention un ferme démenti. Dans ces conditions, parler toujours de politique en tant que contrat liant librement les pratiques sociales des différents individus des différents pays relève de la fiction.La reciente guerra del Golfo podría proporcionarnos, mejor que ningún otro fenómeno, las claves objetivas para interpretar el comienzo del nuevo siglo. En lo utópico (subjetivo, las variantes ideológicas neoliberales al amparo americano pretenden abarcar lo universal polarizado universalmente en la democracia y los derechos humanos al tiempo que el mercado alcanza una dimensión planetaria.Un análisis, siquiera superficial, de nuestro mundo real con vocación de esclarecer las reales condiciones de vida de los seres reales del mundo que nos ha tocado vivir – en qué consiste su vida como seres vivos, por retomar la idea sugerida por Michel Foucault al final de La voluntad de saber, cuando afirma que la modernidad se caracteriza por la irrupción de la vida natural en el ámbito político – acabaría irremediablemente impugnando con energía tan noble proyecto. En tales condiciones

  20. Géolocalisation et droit

    OpenAIRE

    Foulon, Marcel; Strickler, Yves

    2011-01-01

    Le « Global Positioning System » qui, comme son nom l’indique, permet de savoir où se trouve un individu, laisse-t-il intact nos libertés, d’autant qu’il s’ajoute à de nombreuses autres techniques de la vie de tous les jours qui peuvent avoir le même effet ? Quelle doit donc être la position du juriste, du législateur, du juge, face à ce déferlement de moyens techniques nouveaux qui, s’ils sont neutres en eux mêmes, ne le sont pas dans les conséquences, recherchées ou non, de leur utilisation...

  1. Dubouloz Julien et Ingold Alice (dir., Faire la preuve de la propriété : droits et savoirs en Méditerranée, Collection de l’École Française de Rome-452, École Française de Rome, 2012, 342 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Guichard

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, né de plusieurs rencontres entre historiens de diverses périodes, de l’Antiquité romaine au xixe siècle, rassemble onze études s’intéressant à la façon dont se règlent, dans divers pays du pourtour méditerranéen, appartenant pour certains au monde musulman, les conflits d’usage suscités par les questions d’appropriation des sols et des territoires. Ils ont souhaité articuler deux approches de la façon dont se définissent les droits sur le sol : celle du droit lui-même, qui défini...

  2. Science of Team Science

    OpenAIRE

    Foti, Roseanne

    2012-01-01

    Psychology researcher Roseanne J. Foti, Ph.D., describes the Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes of effective teams and proposes collaborating in the creation and evaluation of science teams at the Center for Autism Research.

  3. La réception en droit français des institutions familiales de droit musulman : vertus et faiblesses d’un compromis The Reception of Islamic Family Law in France: The Strengths and Weaknesses of a Compromise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Brunet

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Le propos de cette étude est de tenter de dégager le degré d’accueil du droit français à l’égard de pratiques et de normes musulmanes stigmatisées dans la société française. Le sort en France de quatre institutions familiales est ici envisagé : le mariage polygamique, la répudiation, l’interdiction de l’établissement forcé de la filiation hors mariage, l’interdiction de l’adoption. Le problème se pose devant les tribunaux français lorsqu’il s’agit de faire reconnaître en France une situation constituée à l’étranger. Ainsi du mariage polygamique, célébré dans un pays musulman, d’un homme qui ensuite a vécu et est décédé en France, ou encore de la répudiation prononcée au Maroc ou en Algérie d’une femme musulmane qui vit en France. La question est similaire lorsqu’il s’agit de faire établir la filiation d’un enfant qui, en vertu des règles de son statut de droit musulman, ne peut faire établir sa paternité hors mariage en justice ou être adopté par un individu français. Au stade de la réception de ces institutions musulmanes en France, c’est la question de leur conformité à l’ordre public international français qui est déterminante. En effet le mécanisme de l’ordre public international français fixe le seuil à partir duquel l’institution étrangère est rejetée.La position des juges est marquée par le souci de n’écarter l’application des règles étrangères qu’aux situations qui ont des liens étroits avec le territoire français. Cette conception « proximiste » de l’ordre public milite en faveur d’une approche relativiste des divergences entre les systèmes juridiques. Le compromis ainsi atteint présente l’avantage de la modération mais il peut aussi aboutir à un traitement discriminatoire de certains enfants laissés sans filiation. L’enfant abandonné dans un pays musulman et recueilli par un couple français ne peut en effet b

  4. Un milieu de travail diversifié : l’apport de l’obligation d’accommodement raisonnable selon le droit international et le droit canadien A diversified work environment : the contribution of the obligation for reasonable accommodation according to international law and Canadian law Un medio de trabajo diversificado : el aporte de la obligación de un acomodo razonable según el derecho internacional y el derecho canadiense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Verge

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available L’accommodement ou l’aménagement dit « raisonnable » : la diversité humaine du milieu de travail est distinctement subordonnée à une pratique en ce sens. L’enjeu : le droit au travail, surtout porté par le droit à l’égalité dans sa reconnaissance et son exercice. Cela implique, de la part de l’ordre juridique en cause, de prohiber la discrimination dans toutes les facettes de l’emploi et son corollaire, pour l’employeur, l’obligation d’accommoder raisonnablement la personne victime d’une telle discrimination. Quelle place le droit international et le droit canadien réservent-ils à cette obligation d’accommodement raisonnable ? Ceux-ci, dans leur sphère d’application respective, sont appelés à assurer le droit à l’égalité : ils doivent rendre possible la diversité dans le milieu de travail, en la protégeant spécifiquement, mais aussi la promouvoir par des mesures appropriées et des pratiques de gestion qui tiennent compte de la situation réelle des travailleurs en cause. La place des travailleurs handicapés dans les milieux de travail illustre, d’une façon particulière, la problématique.“Reasonable” accommodation : human diversity in the workplace is clearly subordinate to such a practice. The issue is the right to work, borne particularly by the right to equality in its recognition and its exercise. This means that the legal system in question must prohibit discrimination in all facets of employment, and its corollary, the employer’s duty to reasonably accommodate victims of such discrimination. What place is reserved in international law and Canadian law for this obligation for reasonable accommodation ? In their respective spheres of application, they are each called on to ensure the right to equality ; they not only have to allow the possibility of diversity in the workplace, by specifically protecting it, but they also have to promote it by appropriate measures and

  5. Science or Science Fiction?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lefsrud, Lianne M.; Meyer, Renate

    2012-01-01

    , legitimation strategies, and use of emotionality and metaphor. By linking notions of the science or science fiction of climate change to the assessment of the adequacy of global and local policies and of potential organizational responses, we contribute to the understanding of ‘defensive institutional work......This paper examines the framings and identity work associated with professionals’ discursive construction of climate change science, their legitimation of themselves as experts on ‘the truth’, and their attitudes towards regulatory measures. Drawing from survey responses of 1077 professional...... engineers and geoscientists, we reconstruct their framings of the issue and knowledge claims to position themselves within their organizational and their professional institutions. In understanding the struggle over what constitutes and legitimizes expertise, we make apparent the heterogeneity of claims...

  6. Communicating Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Nicholas

    2009-10-01

    Introduction: what this book is about and why you might want to read it; Prologue: three orphans share a common paternity: professional science communication, popular journalism, and literary fiction are not as separate as they seem; Part I. Professional Science Communication: 1. Spreading the word: the endless struggle to publish professional science; 2. Walk like an Egyptian: the alien feeling of professional science writing; 3. The future's bright? Professional science communication in the age of the internet; 4. Counting the horse's teeth: professional standards in science's barter economy; 5. Separating the wheat from the chaff: peer review on trial; Part II. Science for the Public: What Science Do People Need and How Might They Get It?: 6. The Public Understanding of Science (PUS) movement and its problems; 7. Public engagement with science and technology (PEST): fine principle, difficult practice; 8. Citizen scientists? Democratic input into science policy; 9. Teaching and learning science in schools: implications for popular science communication; Part III. Popular Science Communication: The Press and Broadcasting: 10. What every scientist should know about mass media; 11. What every scientist should know about journalists; 12. The influence of new media; 13. How the media represents science; 14. How should science journalists behave?; Part IV. The Origins of Science in Cultural Context: Five Historic Dramas: 15. A terrible storm in Wittenberg: natural knowledge through sorcery and evil; 16. A terrible storm in the Mediterranean: controlling nature with white magic and religion; 17. Thieving magpies: the subtle art of false projecting; 18. Foolish virtuosi: natural philosophy emerges as a distinct discipline but many cannot take it seriously; 19. Is scientific knowledge 'true' or should it just be 'truthfully' deployed?; Part V. Science in Literature: 20. Science and the Gothic: the three big nineteenth-century monster stories; 21. Science fiction: serious

  7. Global Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brophy, Michael

    1991-01-01

    Approaches taken by a school science department to implement a global science curriculum using a range of available resources are outlined. Problems with current curriculum approaches, alternatives to an ethnocentric curriculum, advantages of global science, and possible strategies for implementing a global science policy are discussed. (27…

  8. Droits de propriété intellectuelle et santé publique dans les pays du Sud Intellectual Property Rights and Public Health in Southern Hemisphere Countries : The Anti-AIDS Drugs Issue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samira Guennif

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Les conditions épidémiologiques au Sud créent un besoin croissant de médicaments essentiels. L’objet de cet article est de s’interroger sur cet enjeu sanitaire sous accord APDIC (Aspect des droits de propriété intellectuelle touchant au commerce. Sont confrontés les flexibilités prévues par l’accord pour promouvoir la santé publique dans les pays en développement et les mesures laborieuses prises par le Brésil, la Thaïlande et l’Inde pour améliorer l’accessibilité des médicaments anti-sida.The epidemiologic conditions in developing countries gives rise to a growing need for essential drugs. This paper aims to address this issue under the TRIPS agreement. It compares the flexibility provided by the TRIPS to ensure public health promotion in developing countries and the means used with difficulty by Brazil, Thailand and India in order to improve people’s access to anti-AIDS drugs

  9. Science Fiction and Science Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanaugh, Terence

    2002-01-01

    Uses science fiction films such as "Jurassic Park" or "Anaconda" to teach science concepts while fostering student interest. Advocates science fiction as a teaching tool to improve learning and motivation. Describes how to use science fiction in the classroom with the sample activity Twister. (YDS)

  10. Tropical forest conservation : attitudes and preferences: cahier de recherche

    OpenAIRE

    Baranzini, Andrea; Faust, Anne-Kathrin; Huberman, David

    2009-01-01

    This paper applies contingent valuation to assess public awareness of tropical deforestation; to investigate the willingness to pay (WTP) to conserve tropical forests; and to determine the impact of the payment vehicle on the stated willingness to pay. About ¾ of respondents state that they have already heard about tropical deforestation and biodiversity. People rank carbon storage as the most important contribution of tropical forests, followed by biodiversity and support to local communitie...

  11. Festival beleving : de waarde van publieksevenementen. : Cell Cahier # 3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vliet, H.M.M. (Harry) van; Bosch, Karen; Brussee, Rogier; Boer, Jelke de; Rovers, Michiel; Nus, van

    2012-01-01

    Waarom gaan mensen naar festivals? Hoe beleven ze een festival? Waarom komen ze wel of niet terug? Hoe kunnen festivalorganisatoren de motivatie en beleving van bezoekers effectief beïnvloeden? Wat betekenen sociale media voor de festivalbeleving? Antwoorden op deze vragen helpen festivalorganisator

  12. Science Sleuths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilly, Sherril L.

    1989-01-01

    Describes a two-day forensic science course that is offered to eighth grade students enrolled in Science, Mathematics, and Technology Magnet Schools. Provides sample student activity sheets for the course. (Author/RT)

  13. Science First.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strycker, Jan Adkins

    1995-01-01

    Describes a teacher's efforts to put science first in the classroom. Discusses changing the place of science on the schedule and presents an activity to engage student interest. Concludes that a difference in teacher attitude towards science motivates students to learn. (NB)

  14. La Kafâla ou recueil légal des mineurs en droit musulman : une adoption sans filiation Kafâla – or Legal Guardianship of Minors in Islamic Law: Adoption without Filiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Le Boursicot

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available 1La kafâla ou recueil légal d’un mineur abandonné ou orphelin, mesure de protection de l’enfant reconnue par les conventions internationales, est réglementée dans certains pays de droit musulman, notamment l’Algérie et le Maroc, qui par ailleurs interdisent l’adoption en vertu de la sharia. De nombreuses familles françaises qui ont leurs origines dans ces deux pays y recueillent en toute légalité des enfants en kafâla. Mais la kafâla ne crée pas de lien de filiation au contraire de l’adoption, de sorte que l’enfant au regard du droit français ne fait pas partie de la famille qui l’a accueilli, d’où des difficultés administratives à la fois lors de l’entrée en France de ces enfants, mais également lors de leur séjour. En outre, le Parlement français a voté en 2001 une loi interdisant aux juges de prononcer l’adoption des enfants étrangers nés dans les pays où l’adoption est interdite : il en résulte que les enfants recueillis en kafâla issus pour la plupart de ces pays ne peuvent pas être adoptés par ceux qui les élèvent, en tout cas pas avant d’avoir acquis la nationalité française et pas avant cinq années.The kafâla, or legal guardianship of a minor who has been abandoned or orphaned, and a means of child protection recognized by international conventions, is regulated in certain Muslim law countries – notably Algeria and Morocco, which also prohibit adoption by virtue of sharia law. Many French families from these two countries take children into custody under the law (through kafâla. But unlike adoption, kafâla does not create a paternal tie, such that under French law the child is not part of his or her new family – giving rise to administrative problems at the point of the child’s entry into France, and also in the course of their residence. Moreover, in 2001, the French parliament passed a law prohibiting judges from granting adoptions to foreign children born in countries

  15. Science Teaching in Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Brendan E.; Dopico, Eduardo

    2016-01-01

    Reading the interesting article "Discerning selective traditions in science education" by Per Sund, which is published in this issue of "CSSE," allows us to open the discussion on procedures for teaching science today. Clearly there is overlap between the teaching of science and other areas of knowledge. However, we must…

  16. L’esprit du droit : modèle russe contre modèle français Sense of law : Russian model versus French model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chantal Kourilsky-Augeven

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Un stéréotype récurrent dans la littérature russe distingue entre un « esprit » ou « sens du droit » qui serait propre à la culture française et un « sens de la justice » qui serait propre à la culture russe. Cette distinction s’appliquerait au premier chef à une religion catholique qualifiée de juridique en ce qu’elle serait comptable des péchés et une religion orthodoxe davantage fondée sur l’amour. Mais le modèle traditionnel russe pris en compte par la littérature, l’histoire et l’anthropologie ne saurait être statique. Deux enquêtes menées auprès de populations d’adolescents et d’adultes en 1993 et 2000 montrent comment le modèle russe fondé sur la justice et la morale se juridicise et en arrive à rejoindre le modèle français sur plusieurs points.A recurring stereotype in Russian literature opposes a « sense of law » inherent to French culture to a « sense of justice » inherent to Russian culture.This distinction is first and foremost applied to a catholic religion qualified as legalistic due to a strict accounting of sins and an orthodox religion essentially based on love. But the traditional Russian model described by literature, history and anthropology is anything but static. Two research projects carried out among an adolescent and adult population sample in 1993 and 2000 show how a Russian model based on justice and morals is being judiciarized and is increasingly moving towards the French model on several accounts.

  17. Untalented but successful

    OpenAIRE

    Gergaud, Olivier; Verardi, Vincenzo

    2006-01-01

    URL des Cahiers : http://mse.univ-paris1.fr/MSEFramCahier2006.htm Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques 2006.17 - ISSN 1624-0340 When studying the problem of the emergence of superstars, scholars face great difficulties in measuring talent, obtaining confidential data on earnings, and finding econometric techniques that lead to results that are robust to the presence of outliers (superstars). In this paper we use an original dataset from the Pokemon trading card game in which (i...

  18. Deconstructing science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trifonas, Peter Pericles

    2012-12-01

    In this paper I expand on the premises of Jesse Bazzul's thesis in his paper, Neoliberal ideology, global capitalism, and science education: engaging the question of subjectivity, exploring the implications of the ideologies within the culturally emerging logic of science exposes the incommensurability of intents and purposes in its methods and epistemology. I argue that science needs to acknowledge the subjectivity at its core to make space for non-absolute agents and new fields of study.

  19. Science Bubbles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent Fella; Pedersen, David Budtz

    2013-01-01

    Much like the trade and trait sof bubbles in financial markets,similar bubbles appear on the science market. When economic bubbles burst, the drop in prices causes the crash of unsustainable investments leading to an investor confidence crisis possibly followed by a financial panic. But when...... bubbles appear in science, truth and reliability are the first victims. This paper explores how fashions in research funding and research management may turn science into something like a bubble economy....

  20. Computer science

    CERN Document Server

    Blum, Edward K

    2011-01-01

    Computer Science: The Hardware, Software and Heart of It focuses on the deeper aspects of the two recognized subdivisions of Computer Science, Software and Hardware. These subdivisions are shown to be closely interrelated as a result of the stored-program concept. Computer Science: The Hardware, Software and Heart of It includes certain classical theoretical computer science topics such as Unsolvability (e.g. the halting problem) and Undecidability (e.g. Godel's incompleteness theorem) that treat problems that exist under the Church-Turing thesis of computation. These problem topics explain in

  1. Science Shops

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    1999-01-01

    The paper prsents the overall concept of science shops as practised in most of the European science shops and present the concept practised and some experience obtained at the Technical University of Denmark. An outline for the planning of new sceince shops is presented.......The paper prsents the overall concept of science shops as practised in most of the European science shops and present the concept practised and some experience obtained at the Technical University of Denmark. An outline for the planning of new sceince shops is presented....

  2. Éléments de théorie sur les commissions de réforme du droit et l’innovation cognitive en matière de justice pénale : contributions conceptuelles de Michel Foucault et de Niklas Luhmann.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Dubé

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, nous nous appuyons sur une étude de cas, le cas du Comité canadien de la réforme pénale et correctionnelle (1969, pour penser théoriquement le rôle des commissions de réforme du droit par rapport aux conditions d’émergence des idées innovatrices en matière de justice pénale. Nos développements attribuent aux commissions de réforme du droit un rôle important dans l’institutionnalisation d’un système de pensée pouvant offrir une alternative à la rationalité pénale moderne.  In this article, we use a case-study on the Canadian Committee on penal and correctional reform (1969 to establish theoretical ideas regarding the role of law reform commissions in the process of creating cognitive innovation in the field of criminal law. We argue that law reform commissions can play a significant role in the process of institutionalising a system of thought that could offer an alternative to the actual modern penal rationality.

  3. WHEN DISCIPLINES COLLIDE: POLYGAMY AND THE SOCIAL SCIENCES ON TRIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jodi Lazare

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This article draws on the Supreme Court of British Columbia’s Reference re: Section 293 of the Criminal Code of Canada [the Polygamy Reference] as a concrete example of the benefits and limitations of intense judicial reliance on social science evidence in the adjudication of constitutional rights and freedoms at the trial level. By examining the evidence tendered, I suggest that the current adversarial model of adjudication is illsuited to combining the legal and the social scientific endeavours. The divergent values, methodologies and objectives of the legal and scientific enterprises severely limit the benefits that the former can yield, thus compromising the effectiveness and utility of the courts for social groups whose claims are heavily grounded in non-legal evidence. Further, I argue that the vast amounts of contradictory evidence typically tendered in rights challenges, as well as the complex and controversial nature of Charter questions and the inevitable need for judges to adjudicate values, risk resulting in undue deference to the legislator, hinder the delivery of justice and ultimately undermine the raison-d’être of Charter litigation.   Cet article concerne le renvoi porté devant la Cour suprême de la Colombie-Britannique au sujet de l’article 293 du Code criminel [Polygamy Reference – renvoi sur la polygamie], qui constitue un exemple concret des avantages et inconvénients de l’utilisation intensive des éléments de preuve relevant des sciences sociales dans la détermination des droits et libertés constitutionnels en première instance. En examinant les éléments de preuve présentés, j’affirme dans cet article que le modèle actuel de règlement des litiges, qui repose sur l’approche accusatoire, se prête mal à la combinaison des démarches juridiques et de celles qui relèvent des sciences sociales. Les valeurs, méthodologies et objectifs divergents des démarches juridiques et scientifiques

  4. L’appareil sémantico-conceptuel de l’historiographie tchèque, entre modes d’intellection des faits « français » et « allemand » : Cahiers du CEFRES N° 29, L’inspiration française dans les sciences sociales en pays tchèques

    OpenAIRE

    Horský, Jan; Pavlíková, Eva

    2003-01-01

    International audience Dans cet article, les auteurs s’intéressent à l’influence des langues et des pensées françaises et allemandes sur le vocabulaire conceptuel tchèque. Ils montrent que celui-ci a commencé à s’enrichir, dans l’historiographie tchèque, principalement dans les années 1940. Enrichissement qui intervint parallèlement au développement de l’historiographie française (et peut-être sous son influence). Ils observent, simultanément, une certaine tendance à un assouplissement (« ...

  5. Science Fairs for Science Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, K. R.

    2014-12-01

    Science literacy is imperative for well informed civic and personal decision making, yet only a quarter of American adults are proficient enough in science to understand science stories reported in the popular press. Hands-on research increases confidence in and understanding of science. When guiding students in designing and conducting science fair projects, mentors can foster science literacy by helping students focus on three goals: (1) articulating hypotheses or questions, (2) designing feasible projects, and (3) learning to make and interpret graphs. These objectives introduce students to the methodological nature of scientific research and give them the tools to interpret scientific facts and data in order to make informed decisions for themselves and society.

  6. Life sciences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is the 1989--1990 Annual Report for the Life Sciences Divisions of the University of California/Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Specific progress reports are included for the Cell and Molecular Biology Division, the Research Medicine and Radiation Biophysics Division (including the Advanced Light Source Life Sciences Center), and the Chemical Biodynamics Division. 450 refs., 46 figs

  7. Deconstructing Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trifonas, Peter Pericles

    2012-01-01

    In this paper I expand on the premises of Jesse Bazzul's thesis in his paper, "Neoliberal ideology, global capitalism, and science education: engaging the question of subjectivity," exploring the implications of the ideologies within the culturally emerging logic of science exposes the incommensurability of intents and purposes in its methods and…

  8. Life sciences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Day, L. (ed.)

    1991-04-01

    This document is the 1989--1990 Annual Report for the Life Sciences Divisions of the University of California/Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Specific progress reports are included for the Cell and Molecular Biology Division, the Research Medicine and Radiation Biophysics Division (including the Advanced Light Source Life Sciences Center), and the Chemical Biodynamics Division. 450 refs., 46 figs. (MHB)

  9. Personalizing Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danielowich, Robert M.

    2014-01-01

    Science teachers are aware of many social issues that intersect with science. These socio-scientific issues (SSIs) are "open-ended problems without clear-cut solutions [that] can be informed by scientific principles, theories, and data, but…cannot be fully determined by [them]" (Sadler 2011, p. 4). This article describes the SSI lessons…

  10. Science teaching in science education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Brendan E.; Dopico, Eduardo

    2016-06-01

    Reading the interesting article Discerning selective traditions in science education by Per Sund , which is published in this issue of CSSE, allows us to open the discussion on procedures for teaching science today. Clearly there is overlap between the teaching of science and other areas of knowledge. However, we must constantly develop new methods to teach and differentiate between science education and teaching science in response to the changing needs of our students, and we must analyze what role teachers and teacher educators play in both. We must continually examine the methods and concepts involved in developing pedagogical content knowledge in science teachers. Otherwise, the possibility that these routines, based on subjective traditions, prevent emerging processes of educational innovation. Modern science is an enormous field of knowledge in its own right, which is made more expansive when examined within the context of its place in society. We propose the need to design educative interactions around situations that involve science and society. Science education must provide students with all four dimensions of the cognitive process: factual knowledge, conceptual knowledge, procedural knowledge, and metacognitive knowledge. We can observe in classrooms at all levels of education that students understand the concepts better when they have the opportunity to apply the scientific knowledge in a personally relevant way. When students find value in practical exercises and they are provided opportunities to reinterpret their experiences, greater learning gains are achieved. In this sense, a key aspect of educational innovation is the change in teaching methodology. We need new tools to respond to new problems. A shift in teacher education is needed to realize the rewards of situating science questions in a societal context and opening classroom doors to active methodologies in science education to promote meaningful learning through meaningful teaching.

  11. [Basic science and applied science].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Tamayo, R

    2001-01-01

    A lecture was presented by the author at the Democratic Opinion Forum on Health Teaching and Research, organized by Mexico's National Health Institutes Coordinating Office, at National Cardiology Institute "Ignacio Chavez", where he presented a critical review of the conventional classification of basic and applied science, as well as his personal view on health science teaching and research. According to the author, "well-conducted science" is that "generating reality-checked knowledge" and "mis-conducted science" is that "unproductive or producing 'just lies' and 'non-fundable'. To support his views, the author reviews utilitarian and pejorative definitions of science, as well as those of committed and pure science, useful and useless science, and practical and esoterical science, as synonyms of applied and basic science. He also asserts that, in Mexico, "this classification has been used in the past to justify federal funding cutbacks to basic science, allegedly because it is not targeted at solving 'national problems' or because it was not relevant to priorities set in a given six-year political administration period". Regarding health education and research, the author asserts that the current academic programs are inefficient and ineffective; his proposal to tackle these problems is to carry out a solid scientific study, conducted by a multidisciplinary team of experts, "to design the scientific researcher curricula from recruitment of intelligent young people to retirement or death". Performance assessment of researchers would not be restricted to publication of papers, since "the quality of scientific work and contribution to the development of science is not reflected by the number of published papers". The English version of this paper is available at: http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.html

  12. Science Instructors' Views of Science and Nature of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakas, Mehmet

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study examined how college science faculty who teach introductory level undergraduate science courses including the fields of chemistry, biology, physics, and earth science, understand and define science and nature of science (NOS). Participants were seventeen science instructors from five different institutions in the…

  13. Revolutionary Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casadevall, Arturo; Fang, Ferric C

    2016-01-01

    On rare occasions in the history of science, remarkable discoveries transform human society and forever alter mankind's view of the world. Examples of such discoveries include the heliocentric theory, Newtonian physics, the germ theory of disease, quantum theory, plate tectonics and the discovery that DNA carries genetic information. The science philosopher Thomas Kuhn famously described science as long periods of normality punctuated by times of crisis, when anomalous observations culminate in revolutionary changes that replace one paradigm with another. This essay examines several transformative discoveries in the light of Kuhn's formulation. We find that each scientific revolution is unique, with disparate origins that may include puzzle solving, serendipity, inspiration, or a convergence of disparate observations. The causes of revolutionary science are varied and lack an obvious common structure. Moreover, it can be difficult to draw a clear distinction between so-called normal and revolutionary science. Revolutionary discoveries often emerge from basic science and are critically dependent on nonrevolutionary research. Revolutionary discoveries may be conceptual or technological in nature, lead to the creation of new fields, and have a lasting impact on many fields in addition to the field from which they emerge. In contrast to political revolutions, scientific revolutions do not necessarily require the destruction of the previous order. For humanity to continue to benefit from revolutionary discoveries, a broad palette of scientific inquiry with a particular emphasis on basic science should be supported. PMID:26933052

  14. Revolutionary Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casadevall, Arturo; Fang, Ferric C

    2016-01-01

    On rare occasions in the history of science, remarkable discoveries transform human society and forever alter mankind's view of the world. Examples of such discoveries include the heliocentric theory, Newtonian physics, the germ theory of disease, quantum theory, plate tectonics and the discovery that DNA carries genetic information. The science philosopher Thomas Kuhn famously described science as long periods of normality punctuated by times of crisis, when anomalous observations culminate in revolutionary changes that replace one paradigm with another. This essay examines several transformative discoveries in the light of Kuhn's formulation. We find that each scientific revolution is unique, with disparate origins that may include puzzle solving, serendipity, inspiration, or a convergence of disparate observations. The causes of revolutionary science are varied and lack an obvious common structure. Moreover, it can be difficult to draw a clear distinction between so-called normal and revolutionary science. Revolutionary discoveries often emerge from basic science and are critically dependent on nonrevolutionary research. Revolutionary discoveries may be conceptual or technological in nature, lead to the creation of new fields, and have a lasting impact on many fields in addition to the field from which they emerge. In contrast to political revolutions, scientific revolutions do not necessarily require the destruction of the previous order. For humanity to continue to benefit from revolutionary discoveries, a broad palette of scientific inquiry with a particular emphasis on basic science should be supported.

  15. Revolutionary Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Ferric C.

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT On rare occasions in the history of science, remarkable discoveries transform human society and forever alter mankind’s view of the world. Examples of such discoveries include the heliocentric theory, Newtonian physics, the germ theory of disease, quantum theory, plate tectonics and the discovery that DNA carries genetic information. The science philosopher Thomas Kuhn famously described science as long periods of normality punctuated by times of crisis, when anomalous observations culminate in revolutionary changes that replace one paradigm with another. This essay examines several transformative discoveries in the light of Kuhn’s formulation. We find that each scientific revolution is unique, with disparate origins that may include puzzle solving, serendipity, inspiration, or a convergence of disparate observations. The causes of revolutionary science are varied and lack an obvious common structure. Moreover, it can be difficult to draw a clear distinction between so-called normal and revolutionary science. Revolutionary discoveries often emerge from basic science and are critically dependent on nonrevolutionary research. Revolutionary discoveries may be conceptual or technological in nature, lead to the creation of new fields, and have a lasting impact on many fields in addition to the field from which they emerge. In contrast to political revolutions, scientific revolutions do not necessarily require the destruction of the previous order. For humanity to continue to benefit from revolutionary discoveries, a broad palette of scientific inquiry with a particular emphasis on basic science should be supported. PMID:26933052

  16. Revolutionary Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Casadevall

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available On rare occasions in the history of science, remarkable discoveries transform human society and forever alter mankind’s view of the world. Examples of such discoveries include the heliocentric theory, Newtonian physics, the germ theory of disease, quantum theory, plate tectonics and the discovery that DNA carries genetic information. The science philosopher Thomas Kuhn famously described science as long periods of normality punctuated by times of crisis, when anomalous observations culminate in revolutionary changes that replace one paradigm with another. This essay examines several transformative discoveries in the light of Kuhn’s formulation. We find that each scientific revolution is unique, with disparate origins that may include puzzle solving, serendipity, inspiration, or a convergence of disparate observations. The causes of revolutionary science are varied and lack an obvious common structure. Moreover, it can be difficult to draw a clear distinction between so-called normal and revolutionary science. Revolutionary discoveries often emerge from basic science and are critically dependent on nonrevolutionary research. Revolutionary discoveries may be conceptual or technological in nature, lead to the creation of new fields, and have a lasting impact on many fields in addition to the field from which they emerge. In contrast to political revolutions, scientific revolutions do not necessarily require the destruction of the previous order. For humanity to continue to benefit from revolutionary discoveries, a broad palette of scientific inquiry with a particular emphasis on basic science should be supported.

  17. Forensic Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brettell, T. A.; Saferstein, R.

    1989-01-01

    Presents a review of articles appealing to forensic practitioners. Topics include: drugs and poisons, forensic biochemistry, and trace evidence. Lists noteworthy books published on forensic science topics since 1986. (MVL)

  18. Saturday Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shugart, Cecil G.

    1976-01-01

    Describes the organization of demonstration oriented seminars in which the physics of toys, music, sports and other topics are investigated. Reports that this university based service has increased high school physics and science fair enrollments. (CP)

  19. Capitalist Science

    CERN Document Server

    Knuteson, Bruce

    2011-01-01

    The economic structure of basic science is currently socialist, funded by the public at large through taxes for the benefit of the public at large. This socialist system should be augmented by a capitalist system, in which basic science is also funded by private investors who reap financial benefit from the sale of subsequent technologies based on the knowledge obtained from the research funded by their investments. A capitalist system will provide benefits extending from the broad target audience of this paper -- which includes politicians, financiers, economists, and scientists in all fields -- to the average taxpayer and consumer. Capitalist science will better align the incentives of scientists with taxpayer interests, channel more money into basic science, lower your taxes, and generally improve the quality of your life.

  20. Molecular sciences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The research in molecular sciences summarized includes photochemistry, radiation chemistry, geophysics, electromechanics, heavy-element oxidizers , heavy element chemistry collisions, atoms, organic solids. A list of publications is included

  1. World science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the Third World Network of Scientific Organizations (TWNSO), established last year with its headquarters in Trieste, Italy, is to promote the role of science and technology in developing countries. TWNSO, under the presidency of Abdus Salam, is an offshoot of the Third World Academy of Sciences, which has pushed the cause of international scientific collaboration since its establishment in 1983. (orig./HSI).

  2. Science Fairs for Science Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Katherine; Culbertson, Timothy

    2014-03-01

    Scientific discovery, technological revolutions, and complex global challenges are commonplace in the modern era. People are bombarded with news about climate change, pandemics, and genetically modified organisms, and scientific literacy has never been more important than in the present day. Yet only 29% of American adults have sufficient understanding to be able to read science stories reported in the popular press [Miller, 2010], and American students consistently rank below other nations in math and science [National Center for Education Statistics, 2012].

  3. Is normal science good science?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrianna Kępińska

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available “Normal science” is a concept introduced by Thomas Kuhn in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962. In Kuhn’s view, normal science means “puzzle solving”, solving problems within the paradigm—framework most successful in solving current major scientific problems—rather than producing major novelties. This paper examines Kuhnian and Popperian accounts of normal science and their criticisms to assess if normal science is good. The advantage of normal science according to Kuhn was “psychological”: subjective satisfaction from successful “puzzle solving”. Popper argues for an “intellectual” science, one that consistently refutes conjectures (hypotheses and offers new ideas rather than focus on personal advantages. His account is criticized as too impersonal and idealistic. Feyerabend’s perspective seems more balanced; he argues for a community that would introduce new ideas, defend old ones, and enable scientists to develop in line with their subjective preferences. The paper concludes that normal science has no one clear-cut set of criteria encompassing its meaning and enabling clear assessment.

  4. Exploring science through science fiction

    CERN Document Server

    Luokkala, Barry B

    2014-01-01

    How does Einstein’s description of space and time compare with Dr. Who? Can James Bond really escape from an armor-plated railroad car by cutting through the floor with a laser concealed in a wristwatch? What would it take to create a fully-intelligent android, such as Star Trek’s Commander Data? How might we discover intelligent civilizations on other planets in the galaxy? Is human teleportation possible? Will our technological society ever reach the point at which it becomes lawful to discriminate on the basis of genetic information, as in the movie GATTACA? Exploring Science Through Science Fiction addresses these and other interesting questions, using science fiction as a springboard for discussing fundamental science concepts and cutting-edge science research. The book is designed as a primary text for a college-level course which should appeal to students in the fine arts and humanities as well as to science and engineering students. It includes references to original research papers, landmark scie...

  5. Pure Science and Applied Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert J. Aumann

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available (Excerpt The name of my talk is Pure Science and Applied Science, and the idea I would like to sell to you today is that there is no such thing as “pure” or “applied” science. In other words, there is such a thing as science, but there is no difference between pure and applied science. Science is one entity and cannot be separated into different categories. In order to back that up, I would like to tell you a little story. As an undergraduate, I studied mathematics at City College in New York. At that time, what was called Pure Mathematics was in vogue, and the more prominent mathematicians were a little contemptuous of any kind of application. A very famous, prominent mathematician in the first half of the previous century by the name of G. H. Hardy, who was in a branch of mathematics called number theory, said that the only thing he regretted was that he unwittingly did some important work in mathematical genetics that eventually turned out to have some application. … Such was the atmosphere in the late ’40s of the previous century and, being a young man and impressionable, I was swept up in this atmosphere.

  6. Network science

    CERN Document Server

    Barabasi, Albert-Laszlo

    2016-01-01

    Networks are everywhere, from the Internet, to social networks, and the genetic networks that determine our biological existence. Illustrated throughout in full colour, this pioneering textbook, spanning a wide range of topics from physics to computer science, engineering, economics and the social sciences, introduces network science to an interdisciplinary audience. From the origins of the six degrees of separation to explaining why networks are robust to random failures, the author explores how viruses like Ebola and H1N1 spread, and why it is that our friends have more friends than we do. Using numerous real-world examples, this innovatively designed text includes clear delineation between undergraduate and graduate level material. The mathematical formulas and derivations are included within Advanced Topics sections, enabling use at a range of levels. Extensive online resources, including films and software for network analysis, make this a multifaceted companion for anyone with an interest in network sci...

  7. Science employment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robb, David W.

    1984-04-01

    Rapid growth in private sector high-technology companies coupled with the expected unprecedented U.S. peacetime defense buildup paint an optimistic picture for future employment in scientific and engineering fields, according to forecasts by the National Science Foundation (NSF). Between 1982 and 1987, up to nearly 750,000 new positions will be created in scientific, engineering, or technical fields, a new NSF report states. By 1987 these occupations will account for 4 million jobs, or 3.5% of the total U.S. work force. New positions in the earth sciences are predicted to increase about 2% per year.

  8. Les stratégies de droits dérivés: entre logiques publique et commerciale. Le cas des produits dérivés pour enfants et des programmes télévisés français

    OpenAIRE

    Bahuaud, Myriam

    2003-01-01

    Depuis les années 1970-1980, les journalistes ont régulièrement relevé des phénomènes qu'ils ont qualifié parfois de Star Wars-mania, de Tortues Ninjas-mania, de Batman-mania, de Babaromania, d'Harry Pottermania ou parfois, d'opérations Pokémon ou Digimon. L'objet de cet article consiste à mener une réflexion, non pas sur un personnage précis , mais sur les produits dérivés et sur les stratégies dites de droits dérivés dont ils sont issus. Ces produits, souvent dérivés de personnages provenan...

  9. La construction de la parenté par le nom : de l’utilisation d’un modèle anthropologique pour comprendre le droit tunisien contemporain The Making of Genealogy through the Name: on the Use of a Model from Anthropology for the Understanding of a Contemporary Tunisian Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Arena

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available L’article porte sur la continuité de la représentation traditionnelle du nasab dans la loi tunisienne qui donne aux enfants nés hors mariage le droit d’obtenir le nom patronymique de leur père (laqab. Du fait de l’attribution du nom du père, l’enfant est rattaché au nasab de celui-ci et en partage la généalogie. Il rentre dans le cercle de l’caŝabiyya, dont les membres se considèrent comme frères, avec des droits et des devoirs réciproques et égaux. En s’appuyant sur l’ancienne représentation, la loi tunisienne permet de compléter la parenté de l’enfant (qaraba et de préparer sa réintégration dans la société, alors que la référence de la législation marocaine à la notion de bunuwa empêche d’atteindre ce résultat.This article points out to the continuity of the traditional representation of nasab in Tunisian law that awards children born out of marriage the right to get their father’s family name (laqab. By getting hold of the father’s name, the child gets the nasab of him and partakes in his genealogy, entering the circle of the caŝabiyya, where all men consider themselves as brothers and equal in mutual rights and obligations. Drawing on the traditional representation, Tunisian law eases the completion of the child’s kinship (qaraba and makes way to his integration into society, while Moroccan law’s reference to the notion of bunuwa hinders those results.

  10. Environmental sciences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Kwa

    2015-01-01

    The environmental sciences are engaged in a remarkable effort of interdisciplinary cooperation and integration. Some long-running international scientific programs, notably the World Climate Research Programme and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, play an important role therein. The o

  11. Skeptical Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Alan J.; Barnhart, Carolyn M.; Parejko, Ken S.; Schultz, Forrest S.; Schultz, Steven E.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the legitimacy of teaching about astrology, extrasensory perception, UFOs, touch therapy, cloning dinosaurs, or any other unusual claims in the classroom. Suggests that bringing unusual claims to the science classroom is an opportunity to motivate students in the principles of scientific thought. (SAH)

  12. Computational Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    K. Li

    2007-01-01

    @@ Computer science is the discipline that anchors the computer industry which has been improving processor performance, communication bandwidth and storage capacity on the so called "Moore's law" curve or at the rate of doubling every 18 to 24 months during the past decades.

  13. Nuclear Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg. Bureau of Curriculum Services.

    This document is a report on a course in nuclear science for the high school curriculum. The course is designed to provide a basic but comprehensive understanding of the atom in the light of modern knowledge, and to show how people attempt to harness the tremendous energy liberated through fission and fusion reactions. The course crosses what are…

  14. Polymer Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Curtis W.

    1979-01-01

    Described is a series of four graduate level courses in polymer science, offered or currently in preparation, at Stanford University. Course descriptions and a list of required and recommended texts are included. Detailed course outlines for two of the courses are presented. (BT)

  15. Science Journalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polman, Joseph; Newman, Alan; Farrar, Cathy; Saul, E. Wendy

    2012-01-01

    Much of the National Science Education Standards (NRC 1996), aside from the inquiry and teaching sections, focus on content. The authors' call is instead to build standards that focus on what students need to be scientifically literate in 10 or 15 years. Although a basic understanding of important scientific concepts and an understanding of how…

  16. Redirecting science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book contains the following chapters. Science policy and fund-raising up to 1934; The Copenhagen spirit at work, late 1920's to mid-1930s; The refugee problem, 1933 to 1935; Experimental biology, late 1920s to 1935; and Consolidation of the transition, 1935 to 1940

  17. Boundless Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spilhaus, F.

    2009-04-01

    Our science is critical to understanding the future prospects for life. The laboratory for natural sciences encompasses our planet and reaches into the solar system. The forces of nature respect no boundaries. But, we who try to understand these forces are handicapped by national, political, language, religious, and other concocted barriers. These barriers limit both our effectiveness as scientists and our ability to reach those outside our community who need to know what we have uncovered about our environment. An unencumbered worldwide scientific community has been an objective with limited successes for too long. Action began in earnest after the first world war with the formation of the various scientific Unions and ICSU. Fifty years later Keith Runcorn initiated another approach, when he proposed what quickly became EGS and which has grown and evolved with the merger with EUG. To be truly effective we need to communicate and share comfortably with colleagues worldwide. Personal relationships and trust are required. We count on a high level of ethical behavior within our community. We individually must also be constantly vigilant for the encroachment of the manmade barriers that have held back science through time immemorial. Our scientific organizations cannot achieve this alone. They will facilitate, however, the onus is on each of us to reach out and form interlocking informal communities, which will bring our whole planet-wide community together at many overlapping levels. When we achieve this community, our science will more bountiful and better address the needs of human society.

  18. Science Notes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, G. W.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Provides a reading list for A- and S-level biology. Contains several experiments and demonstrations with topics on: the intestine, bullock corneal cells, valences, the science of tea, automated hydrolysis, electronics characteristics, bromine diffusion, enthalpy of vaporization determination, thermometers, pendulums, hovercraft, Bernoulli fluid…

  19. Organizational Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beriwal, Madhu; Clegg, Stewart; Collopy, Fred; McDaniel, Reuben, Jr.; Morgan, Gareth; Sutcliffe, Kathleen; Kaufman, Roger; Marker, Anthony; Selwyn, Neil

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of organizational science, broadly defined as including many fields--organizational behavior and development, management, workplace performance, and so on--were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might…

  20. Science and anti-science

    CERN Document Server

    Holton, Gerald

    1997-01-01

    What is good science? What goal--if any--is the proper end of scientific activity? Is there a legitimating authority that scientists mayclaim? Howserious athreat are the anti-science movements? These questions have long been debated but, as Gerald Holton points out, every era must offer its own responses. This book examines these questions not in the abstract but shows their historic roots and the answers emerging from the scientific and political controversies of this century. Employing the case-study method and the concept of scientific thematathat he has pioneered, Holton displays the broad scope of his insight into the workings of science: from the influence of Ernst Mach on twentiethcentury physicists, biologists, psychologists, and other thinkers to the rhetorical strategies used in the work of Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, and others; from the bickering between Thomas Jefferson and the U.S. Congress over the proper form of federal sponsorship of scientific research to philosophical debates since Oswald...

  1. Évolution de la thématique des « asociaux » dans la discussion sur le droit pénal pendant la République de Weimar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven Korzilius

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans le débat sur la nature du national-socialisme entre « fracture de la civilisation » et expression de « l’ambiguïté essentielle de la modernité », cet article étudie la radicalisation progressive du discours sur les « asociaux » dans les dernières années de Weimar et examine si l’on y trouve déjà la préparation idéologique et pratique de la politique d’extermination des nazis (euthanasie, stérilisation forcée, « mort par le travail ». Le biologisme, l’économisme, la criminologie et l’eugénisme ou « hygiène raciale » apparaissent comme les racines du discours sur les asociaux sous Weimar. On voit que des auteurs parlaient déjà, dans les années vingt, d’« éliminer les vies ne méritant pas d’être vécues » et préconisaient la stérilisation, l’avortement et l’euthanasie dans certains cas. S’appuyant sur l’exemple de mesures pratiques et de discussions sur l’internement d’« asociaux », l’auteur montre que les idées eugénistes étaient répandues non seulement chez les hommes politiques de droite, mais aussi largement à gauche. L’évolution de l’État social sous Weimar, de ses débuts prometteurs jusqu’à la crise de sa fin, est d’abord rapidement esquissée ; puis l’auteur étudie en détail la montée de l’agressivité dans les années de crise, où l’on voit les cercles chargés de l’assistance prendre de moins en moins l’individu et de plus en plus la Volksgemeinschaft comme référence de leur action. Avec une fréquence croissante est avancée l’idée de réserver les prestations sociales à ceux qui les « mériteraient » et que la société n’aurait plus d’argent pour entretenir des « poids morts ». Ainsi cette étude montre-t-elle que la question de la continuité entre Weimar et le nazisme ne peut, dans ce domaine, être globalement affirmée ou infirmée et qu’au contraire seule l’étude attentive des projets de loi

  2. Does science need computer science?

    OpenAIRE

    Frey, Jeremy; Reynolds, Andrew; Roberts, Matt; Legg, Steve; Jones, Nick; Glover-Gunn, May

    2004-01-01

    IBM Hursley Talks Series 3 An afternoon of talks, to be held on Wednesday March 10 from 2:30pm in Bldg 35 Lecture Room A, arranged by the School of Chemistry in conjunction with IBM Hursley and the Combechem e-Science Project. The talks are aimed at science students (undergraduate and post-graduate) from across the faculty. This is the third series of talks we have organized, but the first time we have put them together in an afternoon. The talks are general in nature and knowledge...

  3. Portraying Real Science in Science Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dijk, Esther M.

    2011-01-01

    In both formal and informal settings, not only science but also views on the nature of science are communicated. Although there probably is no singular nature shared by all fields of science, in the field of science education it is commonly assumed that on a certain level of generality there is a consensus on many features of science. In this…

  4. Science Literacy Circles: Big Ideas about Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devick-Fry, Jane; LeSage, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    Science literacy circles incorporate the organization of both science notebooks and literature circles to help K-8 students internalize big ideas about science. Using science literacy circles gives students opportunities to engage in critical thinking as they inductively develop understanding about science concepts. (Contains 1 table and 7…

  5. Chronicle 1998, Administrative law/Droit administratif

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bok, A.J.

    1999-01-01

    In this contribution, two recent developments in Dutch administrative law are discussed. The codification of administrative law in a General Administrative Law Act (1994) has contributed much to this field of law, but has also caused additional legal complications for the administration. In 1997 the

  6. Droit et risques psychosociaux au travail

    OpenAIRE

    Moustié, Jean-Baptiste

    2014-01-01

    The concept of "psychosocial risks at work" gathers several work-related suffering risks. Theserisks are, at the same time, related to the generating acts of pain and to the expressions of suchpain on employees’ health. Despite its formulation, this concept refers to events affecting bothmental and physical health of workers. Such affecting events share the same social ground.Indeed, psychosocial risks are mainly caused by the companies’ organization themselves,management methods or harmful r...

  7. Le droit à l'avortement

    OpenAIRE

    Guillaume, Agnès

    2015-01-01

    Quand il est légal, l'avortement est généralement réalisé dans des conditions sanitaires sans risque pour la femme. Mais lorsqu'il est illégal, il l'expose à des risques importants pour sa santé, voire pour sa survie. Chaque année, plus de 20 millions d'avortements seraient pratiqués dans des conditions peu sûres pour les femmes.

  8. Fuero nobiliaire et droit de justice

    OpenAIRE

    Langue, Frédérique

    2004-01-01

    Véritables capitaines d'industrie avant la lettre, les grands propriétaires terriens qui dominent cette région minière mexicaine reproduisent un système de valeurs hautement traditionnel, héritage hispanique fondé sur un ensemble de privilèges qui leur confère un pouvoir absolu bien au-delà de leurs domaines. Cet article examine le rôle joué par le clan familial et la clientèle de ces aristocrates dans la constitution de ce pouvoir de fait, expression à la fois symbolique et réelle d'un...

  9. The Science in Science Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholls, Peter, Ed.

    This 12-chapter book discusses the scientific facts behind the ideas included in the novels of Robert Heinlein, Isaac Asimov, Frederik Pohl, Arthur C. Clark and other science fiction writers. Areas explored in the first 11 chapters include: exploration of deep space; energy and exotic power sources; likelihood of extra-terrestrial life and the…

  10. Computer sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Paul H.

    1988-01-01

    The Computer Science Program provides advanced concepts, techniques, system architectures, algorithms, and software for both space and aeronautics information sciences and computer systems. The overall goal is to provide the technical foundation within NASA for the advancement of computing technology in aerospace applications. The research program is improving the state of knowledge of fundamental aerospace computing principles and advancing computing technology in space applications such as software engineering and information extraction from data collected by scientific instruments in space. The program includes the development of special algorithms and techniques to exploit the computing power provided by high performance parallel processors and special purpose architectures. Research is being conducted in the fundamentals of data base logic and improvement techniques for producing reliable computing systems.

  11. Preservice Science Teachers' Science Teaching Orientations and Beliefs about Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kind, Vanessa

    2016-01-01

    This paper offers clarification of science teacher orientations as a potential component of pedagogical content knowledge. Science teaching orientations and beliefs about science held by 237 preservice science teachers were gathered via content-specific vignettes and questionnaire, respectively, prior to participation in a UK-based teacher…

  12. Fictitious Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foladori, Guillermo

    2016-01-01

    Science and Technology (S&T), like Research and Development (R&D), has become a case of capital investment like any other economic sector. This has distanced R&D from social needs, to the extent that part of R&D ends up actually being fictitious, in the sense that it acquires a price on the market but never becomes part of material…

  13. Communicating Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, G. J.; McCaffrey, M. S.; Kiehl, J. T.; Schmidt, C.

    2010-12-01

    We are in an era of rapidly changing communication media, which is driving a major evolution in the modes of communicating science. In the past, a mainstay of scientific communication in popular media was through science “translators”; science journalists and presenters. These have now nearly disappeared and are being replaced by widespread dissemination through, e.g., the internet, blogs, YouTube and journalists who often have little scientific background and sharp deadlines. Thus, scientists are required to assume increasing responsibility for translating their scientific findings and calibrating their communications to non-technical audiences, a task for which they are often ill prepared, especially when it comes to controversial societal issues such as tobacco, evolution, and most recently climate change (Oreskes and Conway 2010). Such issues have been politicized and hi-jacked by ideological belief systems to such an extent that constructive dialogue is often impossible. Many scientists are excellent communicators, to their peers. But this requires careful attention to detail and logical explanation, open acknowledgement of uncertainties, and dispassionate delivery. These qualities become liabilities when communicating to a non-scientific audience where entertainment, attention grabbing, 15 second sound bites, and self assuredness reign (e.g. Olson 2009). Here we report on a program initiated by NCAR and UCAR to develop new approaches to science communication and to equip present and future scientists with the requisite skills. If we start from a sound scientific finding with general scientific consensus, such as the warming of the planet by greenhouse gases, then the primary emphasis moves from the “science” to the “art” of communication. The art cannot have free reign, however, as there remains a strong requirement for objectivity, honesty, consistency, and above all a resistance to advocating particular policy positions. Targeting audience

  14. Planning a Science Fair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebert, Jim

    1976-01-01

    Presented are views, on planning science fairs and science fair projects, of a fair coordinator, a science teacher, and students. Also included are 25 questions which might result in science fair projects. (SL)

  15. Life sciences and environmental sciences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-02-01

    The DOE laboratories play a unique role in bringing multidisciplinary talents -- in biology, physics, chemistry, computer sciences, and engineering -- to bear on major problems in the life and environmental sciences. Specifically, the laboratories utilize these talents to fulfill OHER's mission of exploring and mitigating the health and environmental effects of energy use, and of developing health and medical applications of nuclear energy-related phenomena. At Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) support of this mission is evident across the spectrum of OHER-sponsored research, especially in the broad areas of genomics, structural biology, basic cell and molecular biology, carcinogenesis, energy and environment, applications to biotechnology, and molecular, nuclear and radiation medicine. These research areas are briefly described.

  16. Life sciences and environmental sciences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-02-01

    The DOE laboratories play a unique role in bringing multidisciplinary talents -- in biology, physics, chemistry, computer sciences, and engineering -- to bear on major problems in the life and environmental sciences. Specifically, the laboratories utilize these talents to fulfill OHER`s mission of exploring and mitigating the health and environmental effects of energy use, and of developing health and medical applications of nuclear energy-related phenomena. At Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) support of this mission is evident across the spectrum of OHER-sponsored research, especially in the broad areas of genomics, structural biology, basic cell and molecular biology, carcinogenesis, energy and environment, applications to biotechnology, and molecular, nuclear and radiation medicine. These research areas are briefly described.

  17. Team science for science communication

    OpenAIRE

    Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Strauss, Benjamin H.

    2014-01-01

    Natural scientists from Climate Central and social scientists from Carnegie Mellon University collaborated to develop science communications aimed at presenting personalized coastal flood risk information to the public. We encountered four main challenges: agreeing on goals; balancing complexity and simplicity; relying on data, not intuition; and negotiating external pressures. Each challenge demanded its own approach. We navigated agreement on goals through intensive internal communication e...

  18. Do Gender-Science Stereotypes Predict Science Identification and Science Career Aspirations among Undergraduate Science Majors?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cundiff, Jessica L.; Vescio, Theresa K.; Loken, Eric; Lo, Lawrence

    2013-01-01

    The present research examined whether gender-science stereotypes were associated with science identification and, in turn, science career aspirations among women and men undergraduate science majors. More than 1,700 students enrolled in introductory science courses completed measures of gender-science stereotypes (implicit associations and…

  19. Defining Data Science

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Yangyong; Xiong, Yun

    2015-01-01

    Data science is gaining more and more and widespread attention, but no consensus viewpoint on what data science is has emerged. As a new science, its objects of study and scientific issues should not be covered by established sciences. Data in cyberspace have formed what we call datanature. In the present paper, data science is defined as the science of exploring datanature.

  20. Science toys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crease, Robert P.

    2009-01-01

    "I have a low boredom threshold," Tim Rowett explains, ushering in my son Alex and me. Rowett is a jovial, professorishlooking man with wire-rimmed glasses and a short, white beard. Alex and I have gone to his flat in Twickenham, on the edge of London, to see his collection of fun stuff - jokes, games, puzzles and other toys related to science. When I ask what they have in common, Rowett has a ready, if not illuminating, answer: "They're just things that make people go 'Wow!'."

  1. Science commons

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2007-01-01

    SCP: Creative Commons licensing for open access publishing, Open Access Law journal-author agreements for converting journals to open access, and the Scholar's Copyright Addendum Engine for retaining rights to self-archive in meaningful formats and locations for future re-use. More than 250 science and technology journals already publish under Creative Commons licensing while 35 law journals utilize the Open Access Law agreements. The Addendum Engine is a new tool created in partnership with SPARC and U.S. universities. View John Wilbanks's biography

  2. Science blogging

    CERN Document Server

    Wilcox, Christie

    2016-01-01

    Here is the essential how-to guide for communicating scientific research and discoveries online, ideal for journalists, researchers, and public information officers looking to reach a wide lay audience. Drawing on the cumulative experience of twenty-seven of the greatest minds in scientific communication, this invaluable handbook targets the specific questions and concerns of the scientific community, offering help in a wide range of digital areas, including blogging, creating podcasts, tweeting, and more. With step-by-step guidance and one-stop expertise, this is the book every scientist, science writer, and practitioner needs to approach the Wild West of the Web with knowledge and confidence.

  3. Science Night

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Would it surprise you to know that you can measure the speed of light using chocolate and a microwave oven? If you're interested in this and in finding out much more, come along to the Museum of the History of Science on 3 and 4 July 2004, when dozens of companies, institutions, colleges and organizations will be running exhibits, shows, and displays on the theme of counting and measuring. CERN will be there with a display stand that includes two particle detectors. Full details are available from the Museum website at: http://www.lanuitdelascience.ch/

  4. 75 FR 10845 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-09

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology... Subcommittee on Forensic Science of the National Science and Technology Council's (NSTC's) Committee on Science..., Subcommittee on Forensic Science. BILLING CODE 4410-FY-P...

  5. Discovering indigenous science: Implications for science education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snively, Gloria; Corsiglia, John

    2001-01-01

    Indigenous science relates to both the science knowledge of long-resident, usually oral culture peoples, as well as the science knowledge of all peoples who as participants in culture are affected by the worldview and relativist interests of their home communities. This article explores aspects of multicultural science and pedagogy and describes a rich and well-documented branch of indigenous science known to biologists and ecologists as traditional ecological knowledge (TEK). Although TEK has been generally inaccessible, educators can now use a burgeoning science-based TEK literature that documents numerous examples of time-proven, ecologically relevant, and cost effective indigenous science. Disputes regarding the universality of the standard scientific account are of critical importance for science educators because the definition of science is a de facto gatekeeping device for determining what can be included in a school science curriculum and what cannot. When Western modern science (WMS) is defined as universal it does displace revelation-based knowledge (i.e., creation science); however, it also displaces pragmatic local indigenous knowledge that does not conform with formal aspects of the standard account. Thus, in most science classrooms around the globe, Western modern science has been taught at the expense of indigenous knowledge. However, because WMS has been implicated in many of the world's ecological disasters, and because the traditional wisdom component of TEK is particularly rich in time-tested approaches that foster sustainability and environmental integrity, it is possible that the universalist gatekeeper can be seen as increasingly problematic and even counter productive. This paper describes many examples from Canada and around the world of indigenous people's contributions to science, environmental understanding, and sustainability. The authors argue the view that Western or modern science is just one of many sciences that need to be

  6. Towards a Science of Science Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yates, Carolyn

    2009-01-01

    This article is a contribution to the search for evidence-based models of learning to improve science education. The author believes that modern teachers should look to the sciences of cognitive psychology and neuroscience to build a science of science teaching. Understanding the relationships between learning and the brain's structure and…

  7. Nanomaterials science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinrich Rohrer

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The nanometer regime covers the transition from condensed matter behavior to atomic and molecular properties and thus is a very rich but also very demanding area in materials science. Close to the condensed matter side, properties and functions might still very well be scalable, whereas close to the atomic and molecular side, the scalability is mostly lost. Properties and functions change qualitatively or quantitatively by orders of magnitude when the dimensions become smaller than a critical size in the nanometer range. Examples are the ballistic regime for electron or spin transport at dimensions below the mean free path, near-field effects in scanning near-field optical microscopy and quantum wells when the dimensions are below an appropriate wavelength, novel electronic, mechanical, and chemical properties when the number of bulk atoms becomes smaller than that of surface atoms, quantum conduction, and Coulomb blockade. Thus, by going below a certain size, an abundance of novel properties and functions are at one's disposal, or, in other words, we can functionalize materials simply by reducing their size to the nanoscale.The key to the future lies in the functions that we give to materials, not just in finding 'novel functional materials'. This catch expression in many materials science programs and initiatives of the past two decades sounds great, but it is not what really counts. All materials are functional in one way or another and, therefore, all new materials are 'novel functional materials'. Certainly, finding new materials is always an important part of progress, but we should also focus on the much larger domain of novel functions that we can give to existing or modified materials. A good example is semiconductors: they are fifty or more years old and their properties are very well known, but they were not of widespread interest and use until the transistor changed their destiny into being the central material in the information

  8. Science kitsch and pop science: A reconnaissance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaeser, Eduard

    2013-07-01

    Science kitsch? The combination of these two words rings like an oxymoron. Science - as the common saying has it - exposes, discovers, tells the truth; kitsch conceals, covers, lies. I think, this "shadow" of science deserves a specific scrutiny, not only because it reflects the altered place and role of science in contemporary "knowledge" society but also because it pinpoints the task of relocating science in the "multicultural" context of postmodernism, with its different epistemic claims. The genre of science kitsch may help to regain credit by working as a probe to detect false pretensions, explanatory exuberance and exaggerations in science. PMID:23833170

  9. Enacting science

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Anthony Leo

    My study examines the development of forms of knowing that arise when students engage in open-ended explorations involving self-directed design and building involving simple materials. It is grounded in an enactivist theoretical perspective on cognition which holds that the creation of action-thought processes for engaging the world is interwoven with the meanings that are constructed for these experiences. A dynamic conception of persons-acting-in-a-setting is fundamental to an enactivist view of cognition. How is understanding enacted in building activity? How does the shape of a problem emerge? How do students enact meaning and understanding when they experience a high degree of physical engagement in building things? What are some characteristics of an enactive learning/teaching environment? My research settings comprise a range of individual, group and classroom engagements of varying lengths over a three and one-half year period. The first research episode involved two grade eight students in an investigation of Paper Towels. The second four month engagement was in a grade nine science class that culminated in the building of a Solar House. The third grade ten episode involved a one month project to build a Mousetrap Powered Car. A fourth Invent a Machine project was conducted in two grade eight science classes taught by the teacher who participated in the Solar House project. Two students were present in three of the four projects. I interviewed one of these students upon completion of his high school physics courses. I found that building is a form of thinking which develops competency in managing complex practical tasks. A triadic relationship of exploration, planning and acting is present. Practical and procedural understandings emerge as students enter and re-enter self-directed problem settings. Thinking patterns depend on the kinds of materials chosen, the ways they are used, and on how students contextualize the problem. Classroom assessment

  10. FOREWORD Nanomaterials science Nanomaterials science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohrer, Heinrich

    2010-10-01

    The nanometer regime covers the transition from condensed matter behavior to atomic and molecular properties and thus is a very rich but also very demanding area in materials science. Close to the condensed matter side, properties and functions might still very well be scalable, whereas close to the atomic and molecular side, the scalability is mostly lost. Properties and functions change qualitatively or quantitatively by orders of magnitude when the dimensions become smaller than a critical size in the nanometer range. Examples are the ballistic regime for electron or spin transport at dimensions below the mean free path, near-field effects in scanning near-field optical microscopy and quantum wells when the dimensions are below an appropriate wavelength, novel electronic, mechanical, and chemical properties when the number of bulk atoms becomes smaller than that of surface atoms, quantum conduction, and Coulomb blockade. Thus, by going below a certain size, an abundance of novel properties and functions are at one's disposal, or, in other words, we can functionalize materials simply by reducing their size to the nanoscale. The key to the future lies in the functions that we give to materials, not just in finding 'novel functional materials'. This catch expression in many materials science programs and initiatives of the past two decades sounds great, but it is not what really counts. All materials are functional in one way or another and, therefore, all new materials are 'novel functional materials'. Certainly, finding new materials is always an important part of progress, but we should also focus on the much larger domain of novel functions that we can give to existing or modified materials. A good example is semiconductors: they are fifty or more years old and their properties are very well known, but they were not of widespread interest and use until the transistor changed their destiny into being the central material in the information technology revolution

  11. Supercomputational science

    CERN Document Server

    Wilson, S

    1990-01-01

    In contemporary research, the supercomputer now ranks, along with radio telescopes, particle accelerators and the other apparatus of "big science", as an expensive resource, which is nevertheless essential for state of the art research. Supercomputers are usually provided as shar.ed central facilities. However, unlike, telescopes and accelerators, they are find a wide range of applications which extends across a broad spectrum of research activity. The difference in performance between a "good" and a "bad" computer program on a traditional serial computer may be a factor of two or three, but on a contemporary supercomputer it can easily be a factor of one hundred or even more! Furthermore, this factor is likely to increase with future generations of machines. In keeping with the large capital and recurrent costs of these machines, it is appropriate to devote effort to training and familiarization so that supercomputers are employed to best effect. This volume records the lectures delivered at a Summer School ...

  12. Salvaging Science Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinstein, Noah

    2011-01-01

    There is little evidence that the prevailing strategies of science education have an impact on the use and interpretation of science in daily life. Most science educators and science education researchers nonetheless believe that science education is intrinsically useful for students who do not go on to scientific or technical careers. This essay…

  13. Team science for science communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Strauss, Benjamin H.

    2014-09-01

    Natural scientists from Climate Central and social scientists from Carnegie Mellon University collaborated to develop science communications aimed at presenting personalized coastal flood risk information to the public. We encountered four main challenges: agreeing on goals; balancing complexity and simplicity; relying on data, not intuition; and negotiating external pressures. Each challenge demanded its own approach. We navigated agreement on goals through intensive internal communication early on in the project. We balanced complexity and simplicity through evaluation of communication materials for user understanding and scientific content. Early user test results that overturned some of our intuitions strengthened our commitment to testing communication elements whenever possible. Finally, we did our best to negotiate external pressures through regular internal communication and willingness to compromise.

  14. Applications of Nuclear Science for Stewardship Science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stewardship science is research important to national security interests that include stockpile stewardship science, homeland security, nuclear forensics, and non-proliferation. To help address challenges in stewardship science and workforce development, the Stewardship Science Academic Alliances (SSAA) was inaugurated ten years ago by the National Nuclear Security Administration of the U. S. Department of Energy. The goal was to enhance connections between NNSA laboratories and the activities of university scientists and their students in research areas important to NNSA, including low-energy nuclear science. This paper presents an overview of recent research in low-energy nuclear science supported by the Stewardship Science Academic Alliances and the applications of this research to stewardship science.

  15. Voodoo Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Robert

    2011-03-01

    A remarkable scientific result that appears to violate natural law may portend a revolutionary advance in human knowledge. It is, however, more likely an experimental screw up. Error is normal; it can be reduced by repeating measurements and better design of controls, but the success and credibility of science is anchored in a culture of openness. Ideas and observations are freely exposed to independent testing and evaluation by others. What emerges is the book of nature. On its pages we find, if not a simple world, at least an orderly world, in which everything from the birth of stars to falling in love is governed by the same natural laws. These laws cannot be circumvented by any amount of piety or cleverness, they can be understood - with the possible exception of String Theory. For those who elect to work outside the scientific community, errors may go unrecognized. We will examine examples of this, including claims of perpetual motion and cancer caused by cell-phone radiation.

  16. Science Education After Dainton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keohane, Kevin

    1969-01-01

    The Dainton committee indicated that science must not be directed simply at the committed students. Curriculum changes, including those related to teaching science as a unity, could have a profound effect in making science more attractive and relevant. (JK)

  17. Science and Religion: Implications for Science Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiss, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    A religious perspective on life shapes how and what those with such a perspective learn in science; for some students a religious perspective can hinder learning in science. For such reasons Staver's article is to be welcomed as it proposes a new way of resolving the widely perceived discord between science and religion. Staver notes that Western…

  18. Common Earth Science Misconceptions in Science Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Chris

    2012-01-01

    A survey of the Earth science content of science textbooks found a wide range of misconceptions. These are discussed in this article with reference to the published literature on Earth science misconceptions. Most misconceptions occurred in the "sedimentary rocks and processes" and "Earth's structure and plate tectonics" categories; the most…

  19. L’exercice fédéré des compétences locales. À propos de la fonction de «chef de file» en droit des collectivités territoriales français

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cédric Groulier

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available La révision constitutionnelle du 28 mars 2003 a introduit dans le droit des collectivités territoriales un dispositif que l’on pourrait qualifier d’exercice fédéré des compétences locales. Selon l’article 72 alinéa 5 de la Constitution, lorsque l’exercice d’une compétence nécessite le concours de plusieurs collectivités territoriales, la loi peut autoriser l’une d’entre elles ou un de leurs groupements à organiser les modalités de leur action commune, autrement dit à exercer les fonctions de chef de file. À travers cette figure du chef de file, la Constitution semble admettre un principe de superposition entre collectivités territoriales, dérogeant à la règle de l’interdiction des tutelles entre collectivités, liée à leur liberté d’administration. Toutefois, la portée effective de ce nouveau dispositif repose sur sa mise en œuvre législative : or, le législateur fait montre d’une grande réserve, sans doute injustifiée, qui maintient l’idée de superposition entre collectivités à l’état de virtualité.

  20. LA PROTECTION DE DROITS CIVIQUES PAR LE DROIT ADMINISTRATIF DANS CERTAINS PAYS EUROPÉENS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulian NEDELCU

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available A very important topic, regarding the relationship between the public administration and the citizens, concerns the reports of administrative law; the degree of the compliance with the legal rules relating to the deployment of the rapport between the public administration and the citizens depends on the level of the civil rights protection. In the legal doctrine it is established for the onset and the manifestation of administrative law report, that it is necessary the existence of certain premises. These premises are generally considered the standard of administrative law, the law subjects and the legal fact of the administrative law. It is estimated that the reports of administrative law represent the legal relationships that occur through the intervention of the legal standard of administrative law on social relations, that are the activity object of the administrative activity of the State or local community, therefore conducted by the authorities of the public administration, in accordance with the legal standards, with the exception of the social relations that emerged in the process of achieving financial activity. From the analysis of administrative reports it results two aspects: the fact that the reports of administrative law represent a part of the juridical reports in the public administration authorities, and the juridical reports concerning the achievement of the financial activity, even though they are made by the public administration bodies, they are the object of the financial law, as they are considered the reports of the financial law.

  1. Science Journalism: Using Science Literacy to Teach Fundamental Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattson, B. J.; Lochner, J. C.

    2010-08-01

    Science has many stories to tell. A carefully crafted series of stories can create a rich experience based in science literacy to teach fundamental science concepts. In particular, framing the stories as historic news articles illustrates the process of science and opens up opportunities for multidisciplinary lessons. NASA's Cosmic Times materials illustrate how we applied this model to tell the story of our understanding of the expanding universe over the past century. Cosmic Times is a series of curriculum support materials and classroom activities for grades 7-12. The series includes six posters, each resembling the front page of a newspaper from a particular time during the past 100 years with articles describing the discoveries. The articles trace astronomer's efforts to determine the size of the universe, the nature of supernovae, and the nature of the expansion of the universe. Each poster is accompanied by inquiry-based lessons that teach the science, the process of science, and skills for science literacy. In addition, these lessons include cross-curricular activities exploring the times and social circumstances of the discoveries. These materials serve as a springboard for a discussion on using science literacy and storytelling with other science topics, ranging from our modern understanding of the planets and planet formation to the development of the theory of evolution.

  2. Science Fiction & Scientific Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czerneda, Julie E.

    2006-01-01

    The term "science fiction" has become synonymous, in the media at least, for any discovery in science too incredible or unexpected for the nonscientist to imagine. One of the most common classroom uses of science fiction is for students to pick out flaws in science fiction movies or television shows. Unfortunately, this approach can result in…

  3. Science, technology and society

    CERN Document Server

    Giacomelli, G

    2005-01-01

    We shall discuss some aspects of science and technology, their increasing role in the society, the fast advances in modern science, the apparent decrease of interest of the young generation in basic sciences, the importance of proper science popularization for better public education and awareness in scientific fields.

  4. Making Science Relevant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eick, Charles; Deutsch, Bill; Fuller, Jennifer; Scott, Fletcher

    2008-01-01

    Science teachers are always looking for ways to demonstrate the relevance of science to students. By connecting science learning to important societal issues, teachers can motivate students to both enjoy and engage in relevant science (Bennet, Lubben, and Hogarth 2007). To develop that connection, teachers can help students take an active role in…

  5. Implementing Global Science Literacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Victor J., Ed.

    This book expands on the argument for a new type of science curriculum for secondary schools. Instead of being based on each of the major disciplines as are almost all current science curricula, it is suggested that curricula should be conceptually organized around the Earth system, including the science methodology of the system sciences, and…

  6. Project-Based Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krajcik, Joe

    2015-01-01

    Project-based science is an exciting way to teach science that aligns with the "Next Generation Science Standards" ("NGSS"). By focusing on core ideas along with practices and crosscutting concepts, classrooms become learning environments where teachers and students engage in science by designing and carrying out…

  7. Science to the People

    CERN Document Server

    Doswaldbeck, L; Brancati, D; Colombo, U; Coyaud, S; De Semir, V; Dupuy, G; Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Lecourt, D; Llewellyn Smith, Christopher Hubert; Mettan, G; Montagnier, L; Morrison, Douglas Robert Ogston; Rampini, F; Ting, Samuel C C; Ugo, R; Widman, A; CERN. Geneva

    1994-01-01

    Science & society : urgent topics Risk perception : Ringing the alarm bells Basic research : Understanding its relevance Science and Economics : Comparing puplic costs and puplic benefits Language(s) : Translating expert knowledge into common culture Science and ethics : Freedom of research and limits to its applications Science,Media & Society: A confrontation

  8. A mirror for science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jasanoff, Sheila

    2014-01-01

    Early conceptions of the public understanding of science suffered from a narrow framing of what science means and a presumption that science is divided from its publics by walls of ignorance and indifference. Those assumptions amplified misunderstanding and led to faulty policies. It is time to reopen each element in the term "public understanding of science" to renewed reflection. This journal can advance that goal by encouraging research on actual rather than imagined public responses to science, on representations of science in the public sphere, and on interactions between science, technology and society.

  9. Science in Cinema. Teaching Science Fact through Science Fiction Films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubeck, Leroy W.; And Others

    Many feel that secondary school graduates are not prepared to compete in a world of rapidly expanding technology. High school and college students in the United States often prefer fantasy to science. This book offers a strategy for overcoming student apathy toward the physical sciences by harnessing the power of the cinema. In it, ten popular…

  10. The World of Science Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Sheila

    1971-01-01

    Science fiction is discussed from the following standpoints: What Is Science Fiction?; The History of Science Fiction; and The Themes of Science Fiction. A list of films, books, and records about science fiction is given. (DB)

  11. Social Sciences and Sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Shu-Kun Lin

    2011-01-01

    At the time when the journal Sustainability [1] was launched, as a chemist and a scientist, I started to believe that social sciences may be more important to make humans sustainable. The broad journal title Social Sciences presents the opportunity for all social science scholars to have integrated consideration regarding the sustainability of humanity, because I am sure that science and technology alone cannot help. Science and technology may have in fact been contributing to accelerate the ...

  12. Network science, nonlinear science and infrastructure systems

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    Network Science, Nonlinear Science and Infrastructure Systems has been written by leading scholars in these areas. Its express purpose is to develop common theoretical underpinnings to better solve modern infrastructural problems. It is felt by many who work in these fields that many modern communication problems, ranging from transportation networks to telecommunications, Internet, supply chains, etc., are fundamentally infrastructure problems. Moreover, these infrastructure problems would benefit greatly from a confluence of theoretical and methodological work done with the areas of Network Science, Dynamical Systems and Nonlinear Science. This book is dedicated to the formulation of infrastructural tools that will better solve these types of infrastructural problems. .

  13. Studying Sciences through the Integrated Science Modules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu Lucian Oltean

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In order to stimulate students’ interest for Science study, an active learning Science method of teaching was implemented, making the transition to the model based on exploration and investigation. The “PROFILES – Education through Sciences” training program oriented to improve teaching activities was organized in the frame of European Project “PROFILES – Professional Reflection-Oriented Focus on Inquiry-based Learning and Education through Science” (code: 5.2.2.1-SiS-2010-2.2.1-266589. The general objective of the training program consisted on forming and developing specificcompetences of Science teachers in order to develop an educational process based on scientific inquiry and integrated approach of the Sciences curriculum. Teachers have created Integrated Science Modules that were implemented in the classroom as an active learning Science method.The present paper aims to emphasize the students’ feedback after the implementation of Integrated Science Modules in the classroom. The study is focused on students’ perception of Science topics related with everyday life and importance for thesociety.Keywords: Integrated Science Modules, Profiles Project, CPD Programme.

  14. Pragmaticism, Science and Theology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brier, Søren

    2016-01-01

    This review assesses Ashley and Deely’s claims regarding the relation of science and religion, taking Einstein’s famous statement that “science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind” as its starting point. It argues that Ashley and Deely’s book How Science Enriches Theology ...... demonstrates that the actual problem in the contemporary dialogue between the two seem to be whether the link between science and religion shall be based on an impersonal process spirituality arising from a void or on a personalism with a personal god at the source.......This review assesses Ashley and Deely’s claims regarding the relation of science and religion, taking Einstein’s famous statement that “science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind” as its starting point. It argues that Ashley and Deely’s book How Science Enriches Theology...

  15. SCIENCE ET LIBERTE D'EXPRESSION : SCIENCE CENSUREE, SCIENCE CENSEUR

    OpenAIRE

    GERINI, Christian

    2006-01-01

    Pierre Bourdieu, Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, N° 2/3, 1976. Pierre Bourdieu, Article de Campagnes solidaires, n° 149, février 2001, mensuel de la Confédération Paysanne. Yves Gingras, Peter Keating, et Camille Limoges, Du Savant au Chercheur Entrepreneur, Revue Sciences Humaines, Hors série N°31, Décembre 2000-février 2001, p. 35. Andrei Sakharov, Science et Liberté, Discours du 27 septembre 1989, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, Editions de Physique, Les Ulis, 1990, p. 18. Tho...

  16. NX15 science workshop

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Science. For some of us, it's daunting or maybe even terrifying. How to tell a good science story? That's the question we will explore together in this workshop. Conceived and produced by journalist and Scientific News producer Claudio Rosmino of Euronews, and presented by Euronews' Jeremy Wilks, the workshop will look at actual case studies (from Euronews and beyond) where science news proved exciting, inspiring and accessible to audiences around the world. These might include the Rosetta mission and CERN's work on Science for Peace. Together, we'll share ideas and knowledge around how science journalism and science news can increase its visibility in the media and maybe save the planet...!

  17. Teaching Science Fact with Science Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raham, R. Gary

    2004-01-01

    The literature of science fiction packs up the facts and discoveries of science and runs off to futures filled with both wonders and warnings. Kids love to take the journeys it offers for the thrill of the ride, but they can learn as they travel, too. This book will provide the reader with: (1) an overview of the past 500 years of scientific…

  18. Science and religion: implications for science educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiss, Michael J.

    2010-03-01

    A religious perspective on life shapes how and what those with such a perspective learn in science; for some students a religious perspective can hinder learning in science. For such reasons Staver's article is to be welcomed as it proposes a new way of resolving the widely perceived discord between science and religion. Staver notes that Western thinking has traditionally postulated the existence and comprehensibility of a world that is external to and independent of human consciousness. This has led to a conception of truth, truth as correspondence, in which our knowledge corresponds to the facts in this external world. Staver rejects such a conception, preferring the conception of truth as coherence in which the links are between and among independent knowledge claims themselves rather than between a knowledge claim and reality. Staver then proposes constructivism as a vehicle potentially capable of resolving the tension between religion and science. My contention is that the resolution between science and religion that Staver proposes comes at too great a cost—both to science and to religion. Instead I defend a different version of constructivism where humans are seen as capable of generating models of reality that do provide richer and more meaningful understandings of reality, over time and with respect both to science and to religion. I argue that scientific knowledge is a subset of religious knowledge and explore the implications of this for science education in general and when teaching about evolution in particular.

  19. Putting Science into Elementary Science Fairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Helen Ross

    In a world where science has become too confined to books and too reliant on technology, and science fairs have been taken over by parents, this paper offers suggestions to help young people have actual hands-on experience with nature. Topics include soil formation; ants; earthworms; temperature; weather predictions; rain acidity; physical science…

  20. Beyond Science Literacy: Science and the Public

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiufeng

    2009-01-01

    The late 20th century and beginning of 21st century have witnessed unprecedented rapid economic development due to advances in technology and globalization. In response to this development, a renewed call for science literacy has become louder in the USA and many other countries. Common to all science education reforms around the world is emphasis…

  1. Discovery in Science and in Teaching Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kipnis, Nahum

    2007-01-01

    A proper presentation of scientific discoveries may allow science teachers to eliminate certain myths about the nature of science, which originate from an uncertainty among scholars about what constitutes a discovery. It is shown that a disagreement on this matter originates from a confusion of the act of discovery with response to it. It is…

  2. Physical Sciences 2007 Science & Technology Highlights

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hazi, A U

    2008-04-07

    The Physical Sciences Directorate applies frontier physics and technology to grand challenges in national security. Our highly integrated and multidisciplinary research program involves collaborations throughout Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the National Nuclear Security Administration, the Department of Energy, and with academic and industrial partners. The Directorate has a budget of approximately $150 million, and a staff of approximately 350 employees. Our scientists provide expertise in condensed matter and high-pressure physics, plasma physics, high-energy-density science, fusion energy science and technology, nuclear and particle physics, accelerator physics, radiation detection, optical science, biotechnology, and astrophysics. This document highlights the outstanding research and development activities in the Physical Sciences Directorate that made news in 2007. It also summarizes the awards and recognition received by members of the Directorate in 2007.

  3. Integrating Forensic Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funkhouser, John; Deslich, Barbara J.

    2000-01-01

    Explains the implementation of forensic science in an integrated curriculum and discusses the advantages of this approach. Lists the forensic science course syllabi studied in three high schools. Discusses the unit on polymers in detail. (YDS)

  4. ICASE Computer Science Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    The Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering computer science program is discussed in outline form. Information is given on such topics as problem decomposition, algorithm development, programming languages, and parallel architectures.

  5. Mountain-Top Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cussen, John P.

    1976-01-01

    Described is the Talcott Mountain Science Center for Student Involvement, Inc., near Hartford, Connecticut, and the programs in natural science offered at the facility and by center personnel in local schools. (SL)

  6. Science transfer for development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author discusses the reasons for science transfer to developing countries. He mentions the impact of science on industrial and technological development in such countries. Furthermore he describes the activities of the IAEA and UNESCO in this field. (HSI).

  7. La Déclaration Universelle des Droits de l’Homme comme l’expression d’une vision du monde : une approche topique et génétique The Universal Declaration of Human Rights as an expression of a “vision of the world”: a topical and genetic perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel de Jonge

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, je réalise une analyse de la Déclaration Universelle des Droits de l’Homme dans une perspective rhétorique et génétique. A l’aide des comptes rendus des débats préliminaires du Comité de Rédaction de la Déclaration, je montre que le texte a pour arrière-plan la volonté de fonder une vision du monde nouvelle, dans laquelle tout serait mis en œuvre d’un point de vue juridique, éthique, philosophique et psychologique pour que les actes subis par les populations européennes durant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale ne puissent plus se reproduire. Pour ce faire, j’analyse la question de l’expression linguistique des valeurs dans les deux premiers alinéas du préambule de la Déclaration.In this contribution, I analyze the text of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights from a rhetorical and genetic perspective. Starting from the summary reports of the Declaration Drafting Committee, I try to show that what lies at the background of the text is the feeling that the sufferings of WWII never can be reproduced. The drafters thus founded a new “vision of the world” that has shaped our values since then. I concentrate specifically on the first two lines of the preamble of the Declaration in order to analyze how the values are expressed linguistically in these paragraphs.

  8. Social science that matters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flyvbjerg, Bent

    2006-01-01

    Social science is headed down a dead end toward mere scientism, becoming a second-rate version of the hard sciences. We neeed to recognise and support a different kind of social science research - and so should those who demand accountability from researchers. This paper asks what kind of social...... science we - scholars, policy makers, administrators - should and should not promote in democratic societies, and how we may hold social scientists accountable to deliver what we ask them for....

  9. Embracing Data Science

    OpenAIRE

    Loy, Adam

    2016-01-01

    Statistics is running the risk of appearing irrelevant to today's undergraduate students. Today's undergraduate students are familiar with data science projects and they judge statistics against what they have seen. Statistics, especially at the introductory level, should take inspiration from data science so that the discipline is not seen as somehow lesser than data science. This article provides a brief overview of data science, outlines ideas for how introductory courses could take inspir...

  10. Science Fair Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Kevin

    2004-01-01

    Sciences fair season is a time when seasoned non-science teachers typically give up all hope of cramming any more knowledge into the heads of their students. It's just too much. However, non-science types might be missing out on a pretty good deal. The science department has got these kids in a pretty tight grip as far as the process and the…

  11. The Science Commons Project

    OpenAIRE

    Martin, Juan Carlos

    2007-01-01

    Science Commons serves the advancement of science by contributing to the removal of unnecessary legal and technical barriers to scientific collaboration and innovation. Built on the promise of Open Access to scholarly literature and data, Science Commons identifies and eases key barriers to the movement of information, tools and data through the scientific research cycle. The long term vision of Science Commons is to provide more than just useful contracts. We will combine our publishin...

  12. Remodeling Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hestenes, David

    2013-01-01

    Radical reform in science and mathematics education is needed to prepare citizens for challenges of the emerging knowledge-based global economy. We consider definite proposals to establish: (1) "Standards of science and math literacy" for all students. (2) "Integration of the science curriculum" with structure of matter,…

  13. Start with Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Susan

    2012-01-01

    The author has found over her 13 years of teaching that starting off the school year with a science investigation has been a great method to learn about her students, to engage them about science before the school year even starts, and to build a foundation for a year of engaging science experiences. This article describes four such activities…

  14. History of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oversby, John

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses why the history of science should be included in the science curriculum in schools. He also presents some opportunities that can come out of using historical contexts, and findings from a study assessing the place of history of science in readily available textbooks.

  15. Demystifying Nature of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lederman, Judith; Bartels, Selina; Lederman, Norman; Gnanakkan, Dionysius

    2014-01-01

    With the emergence of the "Next Generation Science Standards" ("NGSS"; NGSS Lead States 2013), it is apparent that teaching and learning about nature of science (NOS) continues to be an important goal of science education for all K-12 students. With this emphasis on NOS, early childhood teachers are asking how to design…

  16. Science and Human Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Leon N.

    2015-01-01

    Part I. Science and Society: 1. Science and human experience; 2. Does science undermine our values?; 3. Can science serve mankind?; 4. Modern science and contemporary discomfort: metaphor and reality; 5. Faith and science; 6. Art and science; 7. Fraud in science; 8. Why study science? The keys to the cathedral; 9. Is evolution a theory? A modest proposal; 10. The silence of the second; 11. Introduction to Copenhagen; 12. The unpaid debt; Part II. Thought and Consciousness: 13. Source and limits of human intellect; 14. Neural networks; 15. Thought and mental experience: the Turing test; 16. Mind as machine: will we rubbish human experience?; 17. Memory and memories: a physicist's approach to the brain; 18. On the problem of consciousness; Part III. On the Nature and Limits of Science: 19. What is a good theory?; 20. Shall we deconstruct science?; 21. Visible and invisible in physical theory; 22. Experience and order; 23. The language of physics; 24. The structure of space; 25. Superconductivity and other insoluble problems; 26. From gravity to light and consciousness: does science have limits?

  17. Parental Engagement with Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bond, Joanna; Harbinson, Terence

    2010-01-01

    A programme of parental engagement with school science is described, in which parents and their children take part in scientific debate and practical science lessons. Three sessions, in biology, chemistry and physics, of this ongoing programme are described, through which parents have been able to support their children by learning science with…

  18. Information science in transition

    CERN Document Server

    Gilchrist, Alan

    2013-01-01

    Are we at a turning point in digital information? The expansion of the internet is unprecedented. Will information science become part of computer science and does rise of the term informatics demonstrate convergence of information science and information technology - a convergence that must surely develop? This work reflects on such issues.

  19. Sunrise on Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casto, James E.

    1994-01-01

    Sunrise Museum's Science Hall in Charleston, WV, offers 30 hands-on exhibits that introduce children to science. Museum programs use a 9-foot soft-sculptured, unzippable doll to teach children about nutrition and basic anatomy and recruit representatives from local businesses and industry to conduct weekend science workshops. (LP)

  20. Super Science Fair Sourcebook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iritz, Maxine Haren

    This guide to science fair projects is designed for students and provides clear directions on how to complete a successful science project. Real projects are used as examples and information and advice is provided by teachers, judges, and participants and their families about the process. Topics covered in this book include choosing a science fair…

  1. A Revamped Science Expo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth, Lorna

    2007-01-01

    By changing the venue from festival to a required academic exposition, the traditional science fair was transformed into a "Science Expo" wherein students were guided away from cookbook experiments toward developing a question about their environment into a testable and measurable experiment. The revamped "Science Expo" became a night for students…

  2. Science, Worldviews, and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauch, Hugh G., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    Whether science can reach conclusions with substantial worldview import, such as whether supernatural beings exist or the universe is purposeful, is a significant but unsettled aspect of science. For instance, various scientists, philosophers, and educators have explored the implications of science for a theistic worldview, with opinions spanning…

  3. Science Challenge Day

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    Science fairs can be good motivators, but as extracurricular activities, they leave some students behind. However, by staging a Science Challenge Day at school, educators can involve all students in doing everything from choosing activities to judging projects. This article presents a model for running a successful Science Challenge Day. The…

  4. Earth System Science Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutherford, Sandra; Coffman, Margaret

    2004-01-01

    For several decades, science teachers have used bottles for classroom projects designed to teach students about biology. Bottle projects do not have to just focus on biology, however. These projects can also be used to engage students in Earth science topics. This article describes the Earth System Science Project, which was adapted and developed…

  5. ALMA science data management

    OpenAIRE

    Stoehr, Felix

    2015-01-01

    ALMA has transitioned now from the construction to the operation phase. We review the Science Data Management of ALMA including the concepts of Data Reduction, Quality Assurance as well as of the Science Archive. We also place the Science Data Management of ALMA into the larger context.

  6. Forensic Science Technician

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tech Directions, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Forensic science technicians, also called crime laboratory technicians or police science technicians, help solve crimes. They examine and identify physical evidence to reconstruct a crime scene. This article discusses everything students need to know about careers for forensic science technicians--wages, responsibilities, skills needed, career…

  7. Social Work and Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehlert, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    Interest has grown in the past few years about the place of social work in science. Questions remain, such as whether social work should be considered a science, and if so, where it fits into the constellation of sciences. This article attempts to shed light on these questions. After briefly considering past and present constructions of science…

  8. Science Comic Strips

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dae Hyun; Jang, Hae Gwon; Shin, Dong Sun; Kim, Sun-Ja; Yoo, Chang Young; Chung, Min Suk

    2012-01-01

    Science comic strips entitled Dr. Scifun were planned to promote science jobs and studies among professionals (scientists, graduate and undergraduate students) and children. To this end, the authors collected intriguing science stories as the basis of scenarios, and drew four-cut comic strips, first on paper and subsequently as computer files.…

  9. Has Feminism Changed Science?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiebinger, Londa

    This book features a history of women in science and an assessment of the role of gender in shaping scientific knowledge which poses the questions: (1) Do women do science differently? and (2) How about feminists--male or female? It is argued that science is both a profession and a body of knowledge, and how women have fared and performed in both…

  10. Fundamentals of soil science

    Science.gov (United States)

    This study guide provides comments and references for professional soil scientists who are studying for the soil science fundamentals exam needed as the first step for certification. The performance objectives were determined by the Soil Science Society of America's Council of Soil Science Examiners...

  11. Metabolomics in food science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cevallos-Cevallos, Juan Manuel; Reyes-De-Corcuera, José Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    Metabolomics, the newest member of the omics techniques, has become an important tool in agriculture, pharmacy, and environmental sciences. Advances in compound extraction, separation, detection, identification, and data analysis have allowed metabolomics applications in food sciences including food processing, quality, and safety. This chapter discusses recent advances and applications of metabolomics in food science.

  12. Science and Literacy Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Meeteren, Beth Dykstra; Escalada, Lawrence T.

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, science has taken a backseat to reading and mathematics in many primary classrooms. Imaginative teachers have coped with this loss of science time by creatively integrating science topics into reading instructional materials (Douglas, Klentschy, and Worth 2006). In this article, the author describes an effective physical science…

  13. New Science on the Open Science Grid

    CERN Document Server

    Board, The Open Science Grid Executive; Pordes, Ruth; Altunay, Mine; Avery, Paul; Bejan, Alina; Blackburn, Kent; Blatecky, Alan; Gardner, Rob; Kramer, Bill; Livny, Miron; McGee, John; Potekhin, Maxim; Quick, Rob; Olson, Doug; Roy, Alain; Sehgal, Chander; Wenaus, Torre; Wilde, Mike; Wuerthwein, Frank

    2012-01-01

    The Open Science Grid (OSG) includes work to enable new science, new scientists, and new modalities in support of computationally based research. There are frequently significant sociological and organizational changes required in transformation from the existing to the new. OSG leverages its deliverables to the large scale physics experiment member communities to benefit new communities at all scales through activities in education, engagement and the distributed facility. As a partner to the poster and tutorial at SciDAC 2008, this paper gives both a brief general description and some specific examples of new science enabled on the OSG. More information is available at the OSG web site: (http://www.opensciencegrid.org).

  14. New science on the Open Science Grid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pordes, R.; Altunay, M.; Avery, P.; Bejan, A.; Blackburn, K.; Blatecky, A.; Gardner, R.; Kramer, B.; Livny, M.; McGee, J.; Potekhin, M.; Quick, R.; Olson, D.; Roy, A.; Sehgal, C.; Wenaus, T.; Wilde, M.; Würthwein, F.

    2008-07-01

    The Open Science Grid (OSG) includes work to enable new science, new scientists, and new modalities in support of computationally based research. There are frequently significant sociological and organizational changes required in transformation from the existing to the new. OSG leverages its deliverables to the large-scale physics experiment member communities to benefit new communities at all scales through activities in education, engagement, and the distributed facility. This paper gives both a brief general description and specific examples of new science enabled on the OSG. More information is available at the OSG web site: www.opensciencegrid.org.

  15. New Science on the Open Science Grid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pordes, Ruth; Altunay, Mine; Avery, Paul; Bejan, Alina; Blackburn, Kent; Blatecky, Alan; Gardner, Rob; Kramer, Bill; Livny, Miron; McGee, John; Potekhin, Maxim; /Fermilab /Florida U. /Chicago U. /Caltech /LBL, Berkeley /Wisconsin U., Madison /Indiana U. /Brookhaven /UC, San Diego

    2008-06-01

    The Open Science Grid (OSG) includes work to enable new science, new scientists, and new modalities in support of computationally based research. There are frequently significant sociological and organizational changes required in transformation from the existing to the new. OSG leverages its deliverables to the large scale physics experiment member communities to benefit new communities at all scales through activities in education, engagement and the distributed facility. As a partner to the poster and tutorial at SciDAC 2008, this paper gives both a brief general description and some specific examples of new science enabled on the OSG. More information is available at the OSG web site: www.opensciencegrid.org.

  16. New science on the Open Science Grid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pordes, R; Altunay, M; Sehgal, C [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States); Avery, P [University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Bejan, A; Gardner, R; Wilde, M [University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607 (United States); Blackburn, K [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Blatecky, A; McGee, J [Renaissance Computing Institute, Chapel Hill, NC 27517 (United States); Kramer, B; Olson, D; Roy, A [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Livny, M [University of Wisconsin, Madison, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Potekhin, M; Quick, R; Wenaus, T [Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Wuerthwein, F [University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States)], E-mail: ruth@fnal.gov

    2008-07-15

    The Open Science Grid (OSG) includes work to enable new science, new scientists, and new modalities in support of computationally based research. There are frequently significant sociological and organizational changes required in transformation from the existing to the new. OSG leverages its deliverables to the large-scale physics experiment member communities to benefit new communities at all scales through activities in education, engagement, and the distributed facility. This paper gives both a brief general description and specific examples of new science enabled on the OSG. More information is available at the OSG web site: www.opensciencegrid.org.

  17. Chemistry and Science Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stocker, Jack H.

    1998-11-01

    This lively collection looks at science as filtered through literature, film, and television. It discusses classic works in science fiction and provides an in-depth look at the chemistry depicted in popular culture, particularly in Start Trek , Star Wars , and Doctor Who . It includes an examination by Nebula Award winner Connie Willis of how science fiction authors use science, and reprints two tongue-in-cheek short stories by Isaac Asimov. The book also includes suggestions for using science fiction as an educational resource.

  18. Networks in cognitive science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baronchelli, Andrea; Ferrer-i-Cancho, Ramon; Pastor-Satorras, Romualdo; Chater, Nick; Christiansen, Morten H

    2013-07-01

    Networks of interconnected nodes have long played a key role in Cognitive Science, from artificial neural networks to spreading activation models of semantic memory. Recently, however, a new Network Science has been developed, providing insights into the emergence of global, system-scale properties in contexts as diverse as the Internet, metabolic reactions, and collaborations among scientists. Today, the inclusion of network theory into Cognitive Sciences, and the expansion of complex-systems science, promises to significantly change the way in which the organization and dynamics of cognitive and behavioral processes are understood. In this paper, we review recent contributions of network theory at different levels and domains within the Cognitive Sciences.

  19. Networks in Cognitive Science

    CERN Document Server

    Baronchelli, Andrea; Pastor-Satorras, Romualdo; Chater, Nick; Christiansen, Morten H

    2013-01-01

    Networks of interconnected nodes have long played a key role in cognitive science, from artificial neural networks to spreading activation models of semantic memory. Recently, however, a new Network Science has been developed, providing insights into the emergence of global, system-scale properties in contexts as diverse as the Internet, metabolic reactions or collaborations among scientists. Today, the inclusion of network theory into cognitive sciences, and the expansion of complex systems science, promises to significantly change the way in which the organization and dynamics of cognitive and behavioral processes are understood. In this paper, we review recent contributions of network theory at different levels and domains within the cognitive sciences.

  20. BES Science Network Requirements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years.

  1. BES Science Network Requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biocca, Alan; Carlson, Rich; Chen, Jackie; Cotter, Steve; Tierney, Brian; Dattoria, Vince; Davenport, Jim; Gaenko, Alexander; Kent, Paul; Lamm, Monica; Miller, Stephen; Mundy, Chris; Ndousse, Thomas; Pederson, Mark; Perazzo, Amedeo; Popescu, Razvan; Rouson, Damian; Sekine, Yukiko; Sumpter, Bobby; Dart, Eli; Wang, Cai-Zhuang -Z; Whitelam, Steve; Zurawski, Jason

    2011-02-01

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivityfor the US Department of Energy Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of the Office ofScience programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years.

  2. The Double Helix: Why Science Needs Science Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreadis, Athena

    2003-01-01

    Discusses why science needs science fiction, commenting on the author's book about science that draws heavily on the "Star Trek" series. The best science, in spite of popular thinking, comes from leaps of intuition, and science fiction provides a creative spark that encourages participation in science. (SLD)

  3. Science Process Skills in Science Curricula Applied in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yumusak, Güngör Keskinkiliç

    2016-01-01

    One of the most important objectives of the science curricula is to bring in science process skills. The science process skills are skills that lie under scientific thinking and decision-making. Thus it is important for a science curricula to be rationalized in such a way that it brings in science process skills. New science curricula were…

  4. WikiScience: Wikipedia for science and technology

    OpenAIRE

    Aibar Puentes, Eduard

    2015-01-01

    Peer-reviewed Presentació de la conferència "WikiScience: Wikipedia for science and technology". Presentación de la conferencia "WikiScience: Wikipedia for science and technology". Presentation of the conference "Science Wiki: Wikipedia for science and technology".

  5. The science writing tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuhart, Arthur L.

    This is a two-part dissertation. The primary part is the text of a science-based composition rhetoric and reader called The Science Writing Tool. This textbook has seven chapters dealing with topics in Science Rhetoric. Each chapter includes a variety of examples of science writing, discussion questions, writing assignments, and instructional resources. The purpose of this text is to introduce lower-division college science majors to the role that rhetoric and communication plays in the conduct of Science, and how these skills contribute to a successful career in Science. The text is designed as a "tool kit," for use by an instructor constructing a science-based composition course or a writing-intensive Science course. The second part of this part of this dissertation reports on student reactions to draft portions of The Science Writing Tool text. In this report, students of English Composition II at Northern Virginia Community College-Annandale were surveyed about their attitudes toward course materials and topics included. The findings were used to revise and expand The Science Writing Tool.

  6. Media, risk and science

    CERN Document Server

    Allan, Stuart

    2002-01-01

    How is science represented by the media? Who defines what counts as a risk, threat or hazard, and why? In what ways do media images of science shape public perceptions? What can cultural and media studies tell us about current scientific controversies? "Media, Risk and Science" is an exciting exploration into an array of important issues, providing a much needed framework for understanding key debates on how the media represent science and risk. In a highly effective way, Stuart Allan weaves together insights from multiple strands of research across diverse disciplines. Among the themes he examines are: the role of science in science fiction, such as "Star Trek"; the problem of 'pseudo-science' in "The X-Files"; and how science is displayed in science museums. Science journalism receives particular attention, with the processes by which science is made 'newsworthy' unravelled for careful scrutiny. The book also includes individual chapters devoted to how the media portray environmental risks, HIV-AIDS, food s...

  7. The complexity of science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.P.P. (Hennie Lótter

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article an alternative philosophy of science based on ideas drawn from the study of complex adaptive systems is presented. As a result of the enormous expansion in scientific disciplines, and the number of scientists and scientific institutions in the twentieth century, I believe science can be characterised as a complex system. I want to interpret the processes of science through which scientists themselves determine what is regarded as good science. This characterisation of science as a complex system can supply an answer to the question why the sciences have been so successful in solving growing numbers of problems and correcting their own mistakes. I utilise components of complexity theory to explain and interpret science as a complex system. I first explain the concept of complexity in ordinary language. The explanation of science as a complex system starts with a definition of the basic rules guiding the behaviour of science as a complex system. Next, I indicate how various sciences have resulted through the implementation of these rules in the study of a specific aspect of reality. The explanation of the growth of science through evolutionary adaptation and learning forms the core o f the article.

  8. GSFC Heliophysics Science Division 2008 Science Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Holly R.; Strong, Keith T.; Saba, Julia L. R.; Firestone, Elaine R.

    2009-01-01

    This report is intended to record and communicate to our colleagues, stakeholders, and the public at large about heliophysics scientific and flight program achievements and milestones for 2008, for which NASA Goddard Space Flight Center's Heliophysics Science Division (HSD) made important contributions. HSD comprises approximately 261 scientists, technologists, and administrative personnel dedicated to the goal of advancing our knowledge and understanding of the Sun and the wide variety of domains that its variability influences. Our activities include Lead science investigations involving flight hardware, theory, and data analysis and modeling that will answer the strategic questions posed in the Heliophysics Roadmap; Lead the development of new solar and space physics mission concepts and support their implementation as Project Scientists; Provide access to measurements from the Heliophysics Great Observatory through our Science Information Systems, and Communicate science results to the public and inspire the next generation of scientists and explorers.

  9. GSFC Heliophysics Science Division 2009 Science Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strong, Keith T.; Saba, Julia L. R.; Strong, Yvonne M.

    2009-01-01

    This report is intended to record and communicate to our colleagues, stakeholders, and the public at large about heliophysics scientific and flight program achievements and milestones for 2009, for which NASA Goddard Space Flight Center's Heliophysics Science Division (HSD) made important contributions. HSD comprises approximately 299 scientists, technologists, and administrative personnel dedicated to the goal of advancing our knowledge and understanding of the Sun and the wide variety of domains that its variability influences. Our activities include: Leading science investigations involving flight hardware, theory, and data analysis and modeling that will answer the strategic questions posed in the Heliophysics Roadmap; Leading the development of new solar and space physics mission concepts and support their implementation as Project Scientists; Providing access to measurements from the Heliophysics Great Observatory through our Science Information Systems; and Communicating science results to the public and inspiring the next generation of scientists and explorers.

  10. Games in Science Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magnussen, Rikke

    2014-01-01

    ) or computer or computer -assisted role-playing game where students have the opportunity to work as professional technical or scientific experts in simulated universes with fictional problems (Shaffer, 2006) . Overall science games can be categorised into four categories: 1. Training Games: Games designed......This paper presents a categorisation of science game formats in relation to the educational possibilities or limitations they offer in science education. This includes discussion of new types of science game formats and gamification of science. Teaching with the use of games and simulations...... in science education dates back to the 1970s and early 80s were the potentials of games and simulations was discussed extensively as the new teaching tool ( Ellington et al. , 1981). In the early 90s the first ITC -based games for exploration of science and technical subjects was developed (Egenfeldt...

  11. Science policy up close

    CERN Document Server

    Marburger, John H

    2015-01-01

    In a career that included tenures as president of Stony Brook University, director of Brookhaven National Laboratory, and science advisor to President George W. Bush, John Marburger (1941 2011) found himself on the front line of battles that pulled science ever deeper into the political arena. From nuclear power to global warming and stem cell research, science controversies, he discovered, are never just about science. Science Policy Up Close" presents Marburger s reflections on the challenges science administrators face in the twenty-first century. In each phase of public service Marburger came into contact with a new dimension of science policy. The Shoreham Commission exposed him to the problem of handling a volatile public controversy over nuclear power. The Superconducting Super Collider episode gave him insights into the collision between government requirements and scientists expectations and feelings of entitlement. The Directorship of Brookhaven taught him how to talk to the public about the risks ...

  12. Empirical philosophy of science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagenknecht, Susann; Nersessian, Nancy J.; Andersen, Hanne

    2015-01-01

    A growing number of philosophers of science make use of qualitative empirical data, a development that may reconfigure the relations between philosophy and sociology of science and that is reminiscent of efforts to integrate history and philosophy of science. Therefore, the first part...... of this introduction to the volume Empirical Philosophy of Science outlines the history of relations between philosophy and sociology of science on the one hand, and philosophy and history of science on the other. The second part of this introduction offers an overview of the papers in the volume, each of which...... is giving its own answer to questions such as: Why does the use of qualitative empirical methods benefit philosophical accounts of science? And how should these methods be used by the philosopher?...

  13. A guided science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valsiner, Jaan

    That sciences are guided by explicit and implicit ties to their surrounding social world is not new. Jaan Valsiner fills in the wide background of scholarship on the history of science, the recent focus on social studies of sciences, and the cultural and cognitive analyses of knowledge making....... The theoretical scheme that he uses to explain the phenomena of social guidance of science comes from his thinking about processes of development in general—his theory of bounded indeterminacy—and on the relations of human beings with their culturally organized environments. Valsiner examines reasons for the slow...... and nonlinear progress of ideas in psychology as a science at the border of natural and social sciences. Why is that intellectual progress occurs in different countries at different times? Most responses are self-serving blinders for presenting science as a given rather than understanding it as a deeply human...

  14. Design science, engineering science and requirements engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Wieringa, R.J.; Heerkens, J.M.G.

    2008-01-01

    For several decades there has been a debate in the computing sciences about the relative roles of design and empirical research, and about the contribution of design and research methodology to the relevance of research results. In this minitutorial we review this debate and compare it with evidence about the relation between design and research in the history of science and technology. Our review shows that research and design are separate but concurrent activities, and that relevance of res...

  15. Cassini science planning process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paczkowski, Brian G.; Ray, Trina L.

    2004-01-01

    The mission design for Cassini-Huygens calls for a four-year orbital survey of the Saturnian system and the descent into the Titan atmosphere and eventual soft-landing of the Huygens probe. The Cassini orbiter tour consists of 76 orbits around Saturn with 44 close Titan flybys and 8 targeted icy satellite flybys. The Cassini orbiter spacecraft carries twelve scientific instruments that will perform a wide range of observations on a multitude of designated targets. The science opportunities, frequency of encounters, the length of the Tour, and the use of distributed operations pose significant challenges for developing the science plan for the orbiter mission. The Cassini Science Planning Process is the process used to develop and integrate the science and engineering plan that incorporates an acceptable level of science required to meet the primary mission objectives far the orbiter. The bulk of the integrated science and engineering plan will be developed prior to Saturn Orbit Insertion (Sol). The Science Planning Process consists of three elements: 1) the creation of the Tour Atlas, which identifies the science opportunities in the tour, 2) the development of the Science Operations Plan (SOP), which is the conflict-free timeline of all science observations and engineering activities, a constraint-checked spacecraft pointing profile, and data volume allocations to the science instruments, and 3) an Aftermarket and SOP Update process, which is used to update the SOP while in tour with the latest information on spacecraft performance, science opportunities, and ephemerides. This paper will discuss the various elements of the Science Planning Process used on the Cassini Mission to integrate, implement, and adapt the science and engineering activity plans for Tour.

  16. Exoplanet Science in the National Science Olympiad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komacek, Thaddeus D.; Young, Donna

    2015-11-01

    The National Science Olympiad is one of the United States' largest science competitions, reaching over 6,000 schools in 48 states. The Olympiad includes a wide variety of events, stretching a full range of potential future STEM careers, from biological sciences to engineering to earth and space sciences. The Astronomy event has been a mainstay at the high school level for well over a decade, and nominally focuses on aspects of stellar evolution. For the 2014-2015 competition season, the event focus was aligned to include exoplanet discovery and characterization along with star formation. Teams studied both the qualitative features of exoplanets and exoplanetary systems and the quantitative aspects behind their discovery and characterization, including basic calculations with the transit and radial velocity methods. Students were also expected to have a qualitative understanding of stellar evolution and understand the differences between classes of young stars including T Tauri and FU Orionis variables, and Herbig Ae/Be stars. Based on the successes of this event topic, we are continuing this event into the 2015-2016 academic year. The key modification is the selection of new exoplanetary systems for students to research. We welcome feedback from the community on how to improve the event and the related educational resources that are created for Science Olympiad students and coaches. We also encourage any interested community members to contact your regional or state Science Olympiad tournament directors and volunteer to organize competitions and supervise events locally.

  17. Science for Diplomacy, Diplomacy for Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colglazier, E. Wiliam

    2015-04-01

    I was a strong proponent of ``science diplomacy'' when I became Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State in 2011. I thought I knew a lot about the subject after being engaged for four decades on international S&T policy issues and having had distinguished scientists as mentors who spent much of their time using science as a tool for building better relations between countries and working to make the world more peaceful, prosperous, and secure. I learned a lot from my three years inside the State Department, including great appreciation and respect for the real diplomats who work to defuse conflicts and avoid wars. But I also learned a lot about science diplomacy, both using science to advance diplomacy and diplomacy to advance science. My talk will focus on the five big things that I learned, and from that the one thing where I am focusing my energies to try to make a difference now that I am a private citizen again.

  18. The World Science Festival

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pazmino, J.

    2012-06-01

    (Abstract only) New York City in the late 20th century rose to be a planetary capital for the sciences, not just astronomy. This growth was mainly in the academic sector but a parallel growth occurred in the public and home field. With the millennium crossing, scientists in New York agitated for a celebration of the City as a place for a thriving science culture. In 2008 they began World Science Festival. 2011 is the fourth running, on June 1-5, following the AAVSO/AAS meetings. World Science Festival was founded by Dr. Brian Greene, Columbia University, and is operated through the World Science Foundation. The Festival is "saturation science" all over Manhattan in a series of lectures, shows, exhibits, performances. It is staged in "science" venues like colleges and musea, but also in off-science spaces like theaters and galleries. It is a blend from hard science, with lectures like those by us astronomers, to science-themed works of art, dance, music. Events are fitted for the public, either for free or a modest fee. While almost all events are on Manhattan, effort has been made to geographically disperse them, even to the outer boroughs. The grand finale of World Science Festival is a street fair in Washington Square. Science centers in booths, tents, and pavilions highlight their work. In past years this fair drew 100,000 to 150,000 visitors. The entire Festival attracts about a quarter-million attendees. NYSkies is a proud participant at the Washington Square fair. It interprets the "Earth to the Universe" display, debuting during IYA-2009. Attendance at "Earth..." on just the day of the fair plausibly is half of all visitors in America. The presentation shows the scale and scope of World Science Festival, its relation to the City, and how our astronomers work with it.

  19. Science enrichment through informal science. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katz, P.

    1996-07-01

    Hands On Science Outreach (HOSO) is a program of informal science education. Its mission is to bring to communities the option of out-of-school science explorations to small groups of children from the ages of 4-12. Such experiences encourage children to enjoy science without the fear of the consequences of failure that can occur in a formal school setting. It can start them on a life long pattern of participation, awareness and perhaps career interest, motivated by this kind of pleasurable learning. Since HOSO binds together adult training, materials and written guides, many of those not professionally employed in education, including parents, can and do become involved in {open_quotes}science for the fun of it.{close_quotes} The DOE grant to the HOSO program has funded the delivery of HOSO programming to five selected sites over the 1992-96 school years. It is the intention of both the DOE and HOSO to reach children who might otherwise not be able to afford the programming, with emphasis on underrepresented minorities. HOSO has developed fall, winter and spring theme-oriented informal science sessions on four age/grade levels. One hour classes take place once a week for eight weeks per session. At the original Washington, D.C. site, the program uses a mentoring model named STEPS (Successful Teaming for Educational Partnerships in Science) in partnership with the District of Columbia Schools, as well as HOSO and the DOE. That model continues to work in Washington, D.C. and has been replicated in parts of the Sacramento and Denver sites.

  20. 76 FR 38430 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology... interoperability issues identified in the National Academy of Sciences 2009 report: ``Strengthening Forensic... ). SUMMARY: The Subcommittee on Forensic Science (SoFS) of the National Science and Technology...

  1. Environmental Science: 49 Science Fair Projects. Science Fair Projects Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnet, Robert L.; Keen, G. Daniel

    This book contains 49 science fair projects designed for 6th to 9th grade students. Projects are organized by the topics of soil, ecology (projects in habitat and life cycles), pests and controls (projects in weeds and insects), recycling (projects in resources and conservation), waste products (projects in decomposition), microscopic organisms,…

  2. Animal science in the context of food consumer science:

    OpenAIRE

    Pohar, Jurij

    2012-01-01

    The food consumer science as the science with the ambition to overcome the difference between food science and consumer science is presented. The major stakeholders involved are listed and the role of animal science and animal scientists within the framework of food consumer science is discoursed. The importance of animal scientists to understand the complexity of food consumer science knowledge system and need for them to broaden the scope of interest beyond the traditional area of expertise...

  3. Animal science in the context of food consumer science

    OpenAIRE

    Pohar, Jurij

    2014-01-01

    The food consumer science as the science with the ambition to overcome the difference between food science and consumer science is presented. The major stakeholders involved are listed and the role of animal science and animal scientists within the framework of food consumer science is discoursed. The importance of animal scientists to understand the complexity of food consumer science knowledge system and need for them to broaden the scope of interest beyond the traditional area of expertise...

  4. Science, expertise, and democracy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinberg, Justin; Elliott, Kevin C

    2012-06-01

    The combination of government's significant involvement in science, science's significant effects on the public, and public ignorance (of both politics and science) raise important challenges for reconciling scientific expertise with democratic governance. Nevertheless, there have recently been a variety of encouraging efforts to make scientific activity more responsive to social values and to develop citizens' capacity to engage in more effective democratic governance of science. This essay introduces a special issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, "Science, Expertise, and Democracy," consisting of five papers that developed from the inaugural Three Rivers Philosophy conference held at the University of South Carolina in April 2011. The pieces range from a general analysis of the in-principle compatibility of scientific expertise and democracy to much more concrete studies of the intersection between scientific practices and democratic values in areas such as weight-of-evidence analysis, climate science, and studies of locally undesirable land uses.

  5. Nuclear science teaching

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Panel of Experts on Nuclear Science Teaching met in Bangkok from 15 to 23 July 1968 to review the present status of an need for teaching of topics related to nuclear science at the secondary and early university level including teacher training, and to suggest appropriate ways of introducing these topics into the science curricula. This report contains the contributions of the members of the Panel, together with the general conclusions and recommendations for the development of school and early university curricula and training programs, for the improvement of teaching materials and for the safest possible handing of radioactive materials in school and university laboratories. It is hoped that the report will be of use to all nuclear scientists and science educators concerned with modernizing their science courses by introducing suitable topics and experiments in nuclear science

  6. THE IMPURITY OF SCIENCE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calvin, Melvin

    1962-04-19

    Science is impure in two ways. There is not a 'pure' science. By this I mean that physics impinges on astronomy, on the one hand, and chemistry on biology on the other. And not only does each support its neighbors but derives sustenance from them. The same can be said of chemistry. Biology is, perhaps, the example par excellence today of an 'impure' science. Beyond this, there is no 'pure' science itself divorced from human values. The importance of science to the humanities and the humanities to science in their complementary contribution to the variety of human life grows daily. The need for men familiar with both is imperative. We are faced today with a social decision resulting from our progress in molecular genetics at least equal to, and probably greater than, that required of us twenty years ago with the maturity of nuclear power.

  7. Different images of science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davidsson, Eva

    ' ideas about visitors' learning, this seems to influence their choices of scientific aspects. The results imply that staff members tend to use only an experience-based approach to learning and do not consider what is known from the field of learning and informal settings and science education......  Within the science and technology centres (STC) movement there exists explicit aims and ambitions to enhance visitors' interest in and knowledge about science. Meanwhile, several researches question the choice of the scientific content in exhibitions when arguing that a too unproblematic view...... of science commonly is presented. But what images and aspects of science are visitors actually confronted with at STCs? How do staff members at STCs consider the scientific content and how do they choose what aspects of science to display in exhibitions? What ideas about visitors' learning do staff members...

  8. Materials science symposium 'materials science using accelerators'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The facility of the JAERI-Tokai tandem accelerator and its booster has been contributing to advancing heavy-ion sciences in the fields of nuclear physics, nuclear chemistry, atomic and solid-state physics and materials science, taking advantage of its prominent performance of heavy-ion acceleration. This facility was recently upgraded by changing the acceleration tubes and installing an ECR ion-source at the terminal. The radioactive nuclear beam facility (Tokai Radioactive Ion Accelerator Complex, TRIAC) was also installed by the JAERI-KEK joint project. On this occasion, this meeting was held in order to provide a new step for the advancement of heavy-ion science, and to exchange information on recent activities and future plans using the tandem facility as well as on promising new experimental techniques. This meeting was held at Tokai site of JAERI on January 6th and 7th in 2005, having 24 oral presentations, and was successfully carried out with as many as 90 participants and lively discussions among scientists from all the fields of heavy-ion science, including solid-sate physics, nuclear physics and chemistry, and accelerator physics. This summary is the proceedings of this meeting. We would like to thank all the staffs of the accelerators section, participants and office workers in the Department of Materials Science for their support. The 24 of the presented papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

  9. Religion, Science and Capitalisms

    OpenAIRE

    Rehbein, Boike

    2014-01-01

    This paper enquires into the relation between capitalism, religion and the philosophy of science. We would tend to suppose that there are only superficial and accidental links between them. A closer analysis reveals, however, that the epistemology of contemporary science is still based on a certain interpretation of Christianity and linked to a particular type of capitalism. Science developed after Galileo and Descartes aims at universal truth but was founded on the notion of the Christian ...

  10. Biomolecular Science (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2012-04-01

    A brief fact sheet about NREL Photobiology and Biomolecular Science. The research goal of NREL's Biomolecular Science is to enable cost-competitive advanced lignocellulosic biofuels production by understanding the science critical for overcoming biomass recalcitrance and developing new product and product intermediate pathways. NREL's Photobiology focuses on understanding the capture of solar energy in photosynthetic systems and its use in converting carbon dioxide and water directly into hydrogen and advanced biofuels.

  11. (A)Historical Science

    OpenAIRE

    Casadevall, Arturo; Fang, Ferric C.

    2015-01-01

    In contrast to many other human endeavors, science pays little attention to its history. Fundamental scientific discoveries are often considered to be timeless and independent of how they were made. Science and the history of science are regarded as independent academic disciplines. Although most scientists are aware of great discoveries in their fields and their association with the names of individual scientists, few know the detailed stories behind the discoveries. Indeed, the history of s...

  12. Science and Team Development

    OpenAIRE

    Bryan R. Cole; Akins, Ralitsa B

    2006-01-01

    This paper explores a new idea about the future development of science and teams, and predicts its possible applications in science, education, workforce development and research. The inter-relatedness of science and teamwork developments suggests a growing importance of team facilitators’ quality, as well as the criticality of detailed studies of teamwork processes and team consortiums to address the increasing complexity of exponential knowledge growth and work interdependency. In the fu...

  13. Novel science for industry?

    OpenAIRE

    Veugelers, Reinhilde; Wang, Jian

    2015-01-01

    Measuring novel science as publications which make new combinations of referenced journals and measuring links between science and technology by scientific references in patent applications, we explore the complex relationship between scientific novelty and technology impact. We draw on all the Thomson Reuters Web of Science journal articles published in 2001 and all the patents in PATSTAT version 201310. We find that only a small proportion (about 10%) of all scientific publications are re...

  14. Lunar Laser Ranging Science

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, James G.; Boggs, Dale H.; Turyshev, Slava G.; Ratcliff, J. Todd

    2004-01-01

    Analysis of Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) data provides science results: gravitational physics and ephemeris information from the orbit, lunar science from rotation and solid-body tides, and Earth science. Sensitive tests of gravitational physics include the Equivalence Principle, limits on the time variation of the gravitational constant G, and geodetic precession. The equivalence principle test is used for an accurate determination of the parametrized post-Newtonian (PPN) parameter \\beta. Lunar...

  15. Networks in cognitive science

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea Baronchelli; Ramon Ferrer-i-Cancho; Romualdo Pastor-Satorras; Nick Chater; Christiansen, Morten H.

    2013-01-01

    Networks of interconnected nodes have long played a key role in Cognitive Science, from artificial neural net- works to spreading activation models of semantic mem- ory. Recently, however, a new Network Science has been developed, providing insights into the emergence of global, system-scale properties in contexts as diverse as the Internet, metabolic reactions, and collaborations among scientists. Today, the inclusion of network theory into Cognitive Sciences, and the expansion of complex- s...

  16. The Herschel Science Archive

    OpenAIRE

    Verdugo, Eva

    2015-01-01

    The Herschel mission required a Science Archive able to serve data to very different users: The own Data Analysis Software (both Pipeline and Interactive Analysis), the consortia of the different instruments and the scientific community. At the same time, the KP consortia were committed to deliver to the Herschel Science Centre,  the processed products corresponding to the data obtained as part of their Science Demonstration Phase and the Herschel Archive should include the capability to...

  17. Towards Data Science

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Yangyong; Xiong, Yun

    2015-01-01

    Currently, a huge amount of data is being rapidly generated in cyberspace. Datanature (all data in cyberspace) is forming due to a data explosion. Exploring the patterns and rules in datanature is necessary but difficult. A new discipline called Data Science is coming. It provides a type of novel research method (a data-intensive method) for natural and social sciences and goes beyond computer science in researching data. This paper presents the challenges presented by data and discusses what...

  18. Data-intensive science

    CERN Document Server

    Critchlow, Terence

    2013-01-01

    Data-intensive science has the potential to transform scientific research and quickly translate scientific progress into complete solutions, policies, and economic success. But this collaborative science is still lacking the effective access and exchange of knowledge among scientists, researchers, and policy makers across a range of disciplines. Bringing together leaders from multiple scientific disciplines, Data-Intensive Science shows how a comprehensive integration of various techniques and technological advances can effectively harness the vast amount of data being generated and significan

  19. Science and Policy

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mukhopadhyay, R.

    ) Noting that there is a need to strengthen good science leading to good technology to help solve social and envi- ronmental problems of the country, (b) intending to make science and technology (S&T) a caring, humane, professional working tool.... Quoting Stephan Hawk- ing that ‘the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race’, Grover called for unifica- tion of social sciences with the realities of social life. Recognizing that the distinction between big...

  20. COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE CENTER

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DAVENPORT,J.

    2004-11-01

    The Brookhaven Computational Science Center brings together researchers in biology, chemistry, physics, and medicine with applied mathematicians and computer scientists to exploit the remarkable opportunities for scientific discovery which have been enabled by modern computers. These opportunities are especially great in computational biology and nanoscience, but extend throughout science and technology and include for example, nuclear and high energy physics, astrophysics, materials and chemical science, sustainable energy, environment, and homeland security.

  1. Paradigm, science and society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.T. van der Merwe

    1975-03-01

    Full Text Available The subject of my contribution to the Taljaard Festschrift is focused on a cardinal aspect of the contemporary discussion in the area of theory of science, namely the relationship between science and society', and in this connection especially the role ascribed by certain scholars to paradigms in the practice of science. Because of its bridge function, the first task will be a global getting acquainted with some characteristic accents in contemporary theory of science. If this is successful, it can hopefully open up avenues for a view of the relationship of the remaining two components of the above mentioned subject.

  2. Recognizing Computational Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bland-Hawthorn, J.

    2006-08-01

    There are prestigious international awards that recognize the role of theory and experiment in science and mathematics, but there are no awards of a similar stature that explicitly recognize the role of computational science in a scientific field. In 1945, John von Neumann noted that "many branches of both pure and applied mathematics are in great need of computing instruments to break the present stalemate created by the failure of the purely analytical approach to nonlinear problems." In the past few decades, great strides in mathematics and in the applied sciences can be linked to computational science.

  3. Data Science Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Data Science is emerging as a critical area of research and technology to advance scientific discovery, knowledge and decision making through systematic...

  4. Physical Sciences Laboratory (PSL)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — PNNL's Physical Sciences Laboratory (PSL) houses 22 research laboratories for conducting a wide-range of research including catalyst formulation, chemical analysis,...

  5. BER Science Network Requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alapaty, Kiran; Allen, Ben; Bell, Greg; Benton, David; Brettin, Tom; Canon, Shane; Dart, Eli; Cotter, Steve; Crivelli, Silvia; Carlson, Rich; Dattoria, Vince; Desai, Narayan; Egan, Richard; Tierney, Brian; Goodwin, Ken; Gregurick, Susan; Hicks, Susan; Johnston, Bill; de Jong, Bert; Kleese van Dam, Kerstin; Livny, Miron; Markowitz, Victor; McGraw, Jim; McCord, Raymond; Oehmen, Chris; Regimbal, Kevin; Shipman, Galen; Strand, Gary; Flick, Jeff; Turnbull, Susan; Williams, Dean; Zurawski, Jason

    2010-11-01

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In April 2010 ESnet and the Office of Biological and Environmental Research, of the DOE Office of Science, organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the science programs funded by BER. The requirements identified at the workshop are summarized and described in more detail in the case studies and the Findings section. A number of common themes emerged from the case studies and workshop discussions. One is that BER science, like many other disciplines, is becoming more and more distributed and collaborative in nature. Another common theme is that data set sizes are exploding. Climate Science in particular is on the verge of needing to manage exabytes of data, and Genomics is on the verge of a huge paradigm shift in the number of sites with sequencers and the amount of sequencer data being generated.

  6. WFIRST Project Science Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehrels, Neil

    2012-01-01

    The WFIRST Project is a joint effort between GSFC and JPL. The project scientists and engineers are working with the community Science Definition Team to define the requirements and initial design of the mission. The objective is to design an observatory that meets the WFIRST science goals of the Astr02010 Decadal Survey for minimum cost. This talk will be a report of recent project activities including requirements flowdown, detector array development, science simulations, mission costing and science outreach. Details of the interim mission design relevant to scientific capabilities will be presented.

  7. Data science for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Pierson, Lillian

    2015-01-01

    Discover how data science can help you gain in-depth insight into your business - the easy way! Jobs in data science abound, but few people have the data science skills needed to fill these increasingly important roles in organizations. Data Science For Dummies is the perfect starting point for IT professionals and students interested in making sense of their organization's massive data sets and applying their findings to real-world business scenarios. From uncovering rich data sources to managing large amounts of data within hardware and software limitations, ensuring consistency in report

  8. Handbook of information science

    CERN Document Server

    Stock, Wolfgang G

    2013-01-01

    Dealing with information is one of the vital skills in thetwenty-first century. It takes a fair degree of information savvy to create, represent and supply information as well as to search for and retrieve relevant knowledge. This Handbook is a basic work of information science, providing a comprehensive overview of the current state of information retrieval and knowledge representation. It addresses readers from all professions and scientific disciplines, but particularly scholars, practitioners and students of Information Science, Library Science, Computer Science, Information Management, an

  9. Practical data science cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Ojeda, Tony; Bengfort, Benjamin; Dasgupta, Abhijit

    2014-01-01

    If you are an aspiring data scientist who wants to learn data science and numerical programming concepts through hands-on, real-world project examples, this is the book for you. Whether you are brand new to data science or you are a seasoned expert, you will benefit from learning about the structure of data science projects, the steps in the data science pipeline, and the programming examples presented in this book. Since the book is formatted to walk you through the projects with examples and explanations along the way, no prior programming experience is required.

  10. The Fort Collins Science Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Juliette T.; Banowetz, Michele M.

    2012-01-01

    With a focus on biological research, the U.S. Geological Survey Fort Collins Science Center (FORT) develops and disseminates science-based information and tools to support natural resource decision-making. This brochure succinctly describes the integrated science capabilities, products, and services that the FORT science community offers across the disciplines of aquatic systems, ecosystem dynamics, information science, invasive species science, policy analysis and social science assistance, and trust species and habitats.

  11. Energy, information science, and systems science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wallace, Terry C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mercer - Smith, Janet A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-02-01

    This presentation will discuss global trends in population, energy consumption, temperature changes, carbon dioxide emissions, and energy security programs at Los Alamos National Laboratory. LANL's capabilities support vital national security missions and plans for the future. LANL science supports the energy security focus areas of impacts of Energy Demand Growth, Sustainable Nuclear Energy, and Concepts and Materials for Clean Energy. The innovation pipeline at LANL spans discovery research through technology maturation and deployment. The Lab's climate science capabilities address major issues. Examples of modeling and simulation for the Coupled Ocean and Sea Ice Model (COSIM) and interactions of turbine wind blades and turbulence will be given.

  12. Theoretical computer science and the natural sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchal, Bruno

    2005-12-01

    I present some fundamental theorems in computer science and illustrate their relevance in Biology and Physics. I do not assume prerequisites in mathematics or computer science beyond the set N of natural numbers, functions from N to N, the use of some notational conveniences to describe functions, and at some point, a minimal amount of linear algebra and logic. I start with Cantor's transcendental proof by diagonalization of the non enumerability of the collection of functions from natural numbers to the natural numbers. I explain why this proof is not entirely convincing and show how, by restricting the notion of function in terms of discrete well defined processes, we are led to the non algorithmic enumerability of the computable functions, but also-through Church's thesis-to the algorithmic enumerability of partial computable functions. Such a notion of function constitutes, with respect to our purpose, a crucial generalization of that concept. This will make easy to justify deep and astonishing (counter-intuitive) incompleteness results about computers and similar machines. The modified Cantor diagonalization will provide a theory of concrete self-reference and I illustrate it by pointing toward an elementary theory of self-reproduction-in the Amoeba's way-and cellular self-regeneration-in the flatworm Planaria's way. To make it easier, I introduce a very simple and powerful formal system known as the Schoenfinkel-Curry combinators. I will use the combinators to illustrate in a more concrete way the notion introduced above. The combinators, thanks to their low-level fine grained design, will also make it possible to make a rough but hopefully illuminating description of the main lessons gained by the careful observation of nature, and to describe some new relations, which should exist between computer science, the science of life and the science of inert matter, once some philosophical, if not theological, hypotheses are made in the cognitive sciences. In the

  13. Romanticism and Romantic Science: Their Contribution to Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis; Schulz, Roland

    2014-01-01

    The unique contributions of romanticism and romantic science have been generally ignored or undervalued in history and philosophy of science studies and science education. Although more recent research in history of science has come to delineate the value of both topics for the development of modern science, their merit for the educational field…

  14. Adapting Practices of Science Journalism to Foster Science Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polman, Joseph L.; Newman, Alan; Saul, Ellen Wendy; Farrar, Cathy

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, the authors describe how the practices of expert science journalists enable them to act as "competent outsiders" to science. We assert that selected science journalism practices can be used to design reform-based science instruction; these practices not only foster science literacy that is useful in daily life, but also…

  15. Earth Science Informatics - Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramapriyan, H. K.

    2015-01-01

    Over the last 10-15 years, significant advances have been made in information management, there are an increasing number of individuals entering the field of information management as it applies to Geoscience and Remote Sensing data, and the field of informatics has come to its own. Informatics is the science and technology of applying computers and computational methods to the systematic analysis, management, interchange, and representation of science data, information, and knowledge. Informatics also includes the use of computers and computational methods to support decision making and applications. Earth Science Informatics (ESI, a.k.a. geoinformatics) is the application of informatics in the Earth science domain. ESI is a rapidly developing discipline integrating computer science, information science, and Earth science. Major national and international research and infrastructure projects in ESI have been carried out or are on-going. Notable among these are: the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), the European Commissions INSPIRE, the U.S. NSDI and Geospatial One-Stop, the NASA EOSDIS, and the NSF DataONE, EarthCube and Cyberinfrastructure for Geoinformatics. More than 18 departments and agencies in the U.S. federal government have been active in Earth science informatics. All major space agencies in the world, have been involved in ESI research and application activities. In the United States, the Federation of Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP), whose membership includes nearly 150 organizations (government, academic and commercial) dedicated to managing, delivering and applying Earth science data, has been working on many ESI topics since 1998. The Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS)s Working Group on Information Systems and Services (WGISS) has been actively coordinating the ESI activities among the space agencies. Remote Sensing; Earth Science Informatics, Data Systems; Data Services; Metadata

  16. [What is sustainability science?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jian-Guo; Guo, Xiao-Chuan; Yang, Jie; Qian, Gui-Xia; Niu, Jian-Ming; Liang, Cun-Zhu; Zhang, Qing; Li, Ang

    2014-01-01

    Sustainability is the theme of our time and also the grandest challenge to humanity. Since the 1970s, the term, sustainable development, has frequently appeared in the scientific literature, governmental documents, media promotions for public goods, and commercial advertisements. However, the science that provides the theoretical foundation and practical guidance for sustainable development--sustainability science--only began to emerge in the beginning of the 21st century. Nevertheless, the field has rapidly developed in depth and expanded in scope during the past decade, with its core concepts and research methods coalescing. China, as the most populous country in the world and home to the philosophical root of sustainability science-the unity of man and nature, is obligated to take upon the challenge of our time, to facilitate global sustainability while pursuing the Chinese Dream, and to play a leading role in the development of sustainability science. Toward this grandiose goal, this paper presents the first Chinese introduction to sustainability science, which discusses its basic concepts, research questions, and future directions. Sustainability science is the study of the dynamic relationship between humans and the environment, particularly focusing on the vulnerability, robustness, resilience, and stability of the coupled human-environment system. It is a transdisciplinary science that integrates natural sciences with humanities and social sciences. It hinges on the environment-economy-society nexus, and merges basic and applied research. The key components of sustainability often change with time, place, and culture, and thus sustainability science needs to emphasize multi-scale studies in space and time, with emphasis on landscapes and regions over a horizon of 50 to 100 years. It needs to focus on the relationship between ecosystem services and human well-being, as influenced by biodiversity and ecosystem processes as well as climate change, land use

  17. De la fiche technique « producteur » au cahier des charges « utilisateur »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vigneron Pierre-Yves

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Production of refined or flavored vegetable oils requires to be close to the expectations of the customers (industry, catering, consumers. From technical data established by the producer taking into account his own constraints and the products characteristics, appropriate specifications are set up. The document includes different parts such as technical information concerning the raw material, the final product, the packaging but also the procedures and the organisation to insure the quality of the product along the process. More over, the producer must pay attention to the specific request from the consumers; this includes nutritional information, safety insurance, advices about uses and storage conditions. To provide efficient answers, the producer has to build up preliminary files conducted by R&D. This policy is all the more necessary because the producer promotes commercial brands.

  18. The IDEA papers no 4; Les cahiers d'I.D.E.A. n.4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laurent, J

    2003-07-01

    The Information network on the Economic Development in Aquitaine (IDEA) aims to collect and spread the environmental information concerning the Aquitaine, in order to implement an observatory of the regional environment and of the sustainable development. The IDEA paper no. 4 presents the point of view of some participants to the third national meeting of the environment observatories. (A.L.B.)

  19. Wijs met media. De tools zijn er! Waar is de mediawijsheid? CELL Cahier # 2

    OpenAIRE

    Vliet, Harry van; Steen, Wendy van der; Fröling, Hans; Kanters, Emiel; Vliet, H.M.M. (Harry) van

    2009-01-01

    Deze publicatie steunt in grote mate op twee onderzoeksprojecten die de afgelopen anderhalf jaar zijn uitgevoerd. Het eerste onderzoeksproject betreft het onderzoek naar ‘Web 2.0 als leermiddel’ dat in opdracht van Kennisnet is uitgevoerd door BMC en het lectoraat Crossmedia Content van de Faculteit Communicatie en Journalistiek Hogeschool Utrecht. De doelstelling van het onderzoek was inzicht te verkrijgen in het gebruik en de opbrengsten van informele leermiddelen en de toepassing van Web 2...

  20. The puzzling problem of nuclear materials and wastes - Les Cahiers de Global Chance Nr 34

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A first set of contributions to this publication discusses the role of plutonium, energy resource or world burden. The authors address the following topics: plutonium and MOX fuel; international overview of the nature and origin of the plutonium deadlock and options to get out of it; the failure of the plutonium industry in the UK; assessments 2011 of radiotoxicity and thermal assessments, production and storages of EDF's MOX fuels; giving up reprocessing and dry warehousing-disposal in containers according to the German approach; the challenges not faced by the French strategy regarding plutonium. Then, two articles address the CIGEO project: one about the types and quantities of high activity nuclear wastes which can be stored in deep geological deposit in France, and a second about the feasibility of the CIGEO project

  1. IDEA papers no 10; Les cahiers d'I.D.E.A. n.10

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ricard, M. [Bordeaux-3 Univ., 33 (France)

    2004-07-01

    The Information network on the Economic Development in Aquitaine (IDEA) aims to collect and spread the environmental information concerning the Aquitaine, in order to implement an observatory of the regional environment and of the sustainable development. The IDEA paper no.10 is devoted to the sustainable development education. Examples of actions in agriculture schools and colleges are presented. (A.L.B.)

  2. IDEA papers no 3; Les cahiers d'I.D.E.A. n.3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacour, C

    2002-12-01

    The Information network on the Economic Development in Aquitaine (IDEA) aims to collect and spread the environmental information concerning the Aquitaine, in order to implement an observatory of the regional environment and of the sustainable development. The IDEA paper no. 3 is devoted to the part of the environment observation in the sustainable development implementation. (A.L.B.)

  3. IDEA papers no 6; Les cahiers d'I.D.E.A. n.6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garrigues, Ph

    2003-07-01

    The Information network on the Economic Development in Aquitaine (IDEA) aims to collect and spread the environmental information concerning the Aquitaine, in order to implement an observatory of the regional environment and of the sustainable development. The IDEA paper no. 6 is presents the association and the results of the ordinary general assembly of the 28 June 2003. (A.L.B.)

  4. IDEA papers no 11; Les cahiers d'I.D.E.A. n.11

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bocquet, R. [Agence de l' Environnement et de la Maitrise de l' Energie, ADEME, 75 - Paris (France)

    2004-07-01

    The Information network on the Economic Development in Aquitaine (IDEA) aims to collect and spread the environmental information concerning the Aquitaine, in order to implement an observatory of the regional environment and of the sustainable development. The IDEA paper no.11 is devoted to the wastes management in Aquitaine. Data on wastes volume, type and recycling are presented and examples of enterprises actions are provided. (A.L.B.)

  5. Evaluation pkb-participation procedure location sites nuclear power plants. CPI-cahier-12

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The participation procedure with regard to the planologic decision (pbk) about location sites for nuclear power plants is considered. The facts about the pkb location sites are described. 4 refs.; 13 figs.; 2 tabs

  6. Exploring the Science Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Philip; Bricker, Leah; Tzou, Carrie; Lee, Tiffany; Van Horne, Katie

    2012-01-01

    The National Research Council's recent publication "A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas" (NRC 2011), which is the foundation for the Next Generation Science Standards now being developed, places unprecedented focus on the practices involved in doing scientific and engineering work. In an effort…

  7. Science: Servant or Master?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgenthau, Hans J.

    In this tenth book of a series entitled "Perspectives in Humanism," analyses are included concerning the meaning of science for modern man and its effects on contemporary politics. Natural, social, and humanistic sciences are discussed in connection with religion, philosophy, and politics to indicate the importance of the scholar who fulfills the…

  8. The Science of Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fett, Paula

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, "math and science" has been the mantra for many educators and business leaders who warn of an urgent need to encourage the pursuit of these and other technological disciplines or risk losing ground in the global economy. Simply emphasizing the need for "math and science" expertise does not, however, encourage innovation and fuel a…

  9. NATO and Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durand, Henry

    1988-01-01

    Outlines the Third Dimension of NATO. Presses for increased efforts to overcome the disparity in the rate of scientific development among the countries of the alliance. Discusses scientific nobility, the rise of European science, science for stability, environmental protection, and the changed scientific climate. (CW)

  10. Ground Pollution Science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book deals with ground pollution science and soil science, classification of soil and fundamentals, ground pollution and human, ground pollution and organic matter, ground pollution and city environment, environmental problems of the earth and ground pollution, soil pollution and development of geological features of the ground, ground pollution and landfill of waste, case of measurement of ground pollution.

  11. Building Collections: Science Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krapp, JoAnn Vergona

    2005-01-01

    Fantasy and science fiction are two genres that are products of imagination. Both present alternate worlds governed by their own laws and values, but it is the plausibility of events in each world that sets the two apart. In fantasy, events happen by magic or inexplicable means. In science fiction, events could happen based on advanced…

  12. Acid Rain: Science Projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hessler, Edward W.; Stubbs, Harriett S.

    Too often science seems to be a matter of studying from books and responding to questions raised by teachers about the information either in the classroom or on examinations. Such a view of science misses its importance as a way of thinking, doing, and preparing for citizenship roles. The problems and activities included in this volume are…

  13. The Sound of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merwade, Venkatesh; Eichinger, David; Harriger, Bradley; Doherty, Erin; Habben, Ryan

    2014-01-01

    While the science of sound can be taught by explaining the concept of sound waves and vibrations, the authors of this article focused their efforts on creating a more engaging way to teach the science of sound--through engineering design. In this article they share the experience of teaching sound to third graders through an engineering challenge…

  14. The Science of Cycling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crompton, Zoe; Daniels, Shelley

    2014-01-01

    Children are engaged by finding out about science in the real world (Harlen, 2010). Many children will be cyclists or will have seen or heard about the success of British cyclists in the Olympics and the Tour de France. This makes cycling a good hook to draw children into learning science. It is also a good cross-curricular topic, with strong…

  15. Theory and computational science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The theoretical and computational science carried out at the Daresbury Laboratory in 1984/5 is detailed in the Appendix to the Daresbury Annual Report. The Theory, Computational Science and Applications Groups, provide support work for the experimental projects conducted at Daresbury. Use of the FPS-164 processor is also described. (U.K.)

  16. Teaching Science through Story

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Jessica

    2013-01-01

    Children find comfort in stories. They are familiar, accessible and entertaining. By teaching science through narratives, we can provide that same comfort and access to scientific content to children of all ages. In this article, I will discuss how, through the use of narratives in science instruction, we can provide students with a deeper…

  17. The Nature of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billingsley, Berry

    2013-01-01

    The view that science and religion are conflicting ways of understanding the world is widely and frequently presented in the media and may be the view held by most children. It is not the only view, however, and there are many scientists who have a religious faith. Usefully perhaps, for those who are interested in science education, examining…

  18. Science-brobygning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Irminger, Signe S.; Jessen, Caroline Z.; Svendsen, Pernille Maj

    2013-01-01

    Formålet med projekt Science-brobygning er, at indsamle og begrebsliggøre viden om brobygning i Danmark indenfor Science. Baseret på undersøgelser og indsamlig af viden om brobygningsaktiviteter i overgangen mellem gymnasiet og universitetet, præsenterer projektet en række anbefalinger i forhold...

  19. Democratizing Computer Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margolis, Jane; Goode, Joanna; Ryoo, Jean J.

    2015-01-01

    Computer science programs are too often identified with a narrow stratum of the student population, often white or Asian boys who have access to computers at home. But because computers play such a huge role in our world today, all students can benefit from the study of computer science and the opportunity to build skills related to computing. The…

  20. Basic Science Training Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brummel, Clete

    These six learning modules were developed for Lake Michigan College's Basic Science Training Program, a workshop to develop good study skills while reviewing basic science. The first module, which was designed to provide students with the necessary skills to study efficiently, covers the following topics: time management; an overview of a study…

  1. Beyond Big Science

    CERN Multimedia

    Boyle, Alan

    2007-01-01

    "Billion-dollar science projects end up being about much more than the science, whether we're talking about particle physics, or fusion research, or the international space station, or missions to the moon and beyond, or the next-generation radio telescope." (3 pages)

  2. NASA science communications strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    In 1994, the Clinton Administration issued a report, 'Science in the National Interest', which identified new national science goals. Two of the five goals are related to science communications: produce the finest scientists and engineers for the 21st century, and raise scientific and technological literacy of all Americans. In addition to the guidance and goals set forth by the Administration, NASA has been mandated by Congress under the 1958 Space Act to 'provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination concerning its activities and the results thereof'. In addition to addressing eight Goals and Plans which resulted from a January 1994 meeting between NASA and members of the broader scientific, education, and communications community on the Public Communication of NASA's Science, the Science Communications Working Group (SCWG) took a comprehensive look at the way the Agency communicates its science to ensure that any changes the Agency made were long-term improvements. The SCWG developed a Science Communications Strategy for NASA and a plan to implement the Strategy. This report outlines a strategy from which effective science communications programs can be developed and implemented across the agency. Guiding principles and strategic themes for the strategy are provided, with numerous recommendations for improvement discussed within the respective themes of leadership, coordination, integration, participation, leveraging, and evaluation.

  3. Set Sail with Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soutar, Vicki; Parr, Rachael; Prescott, Ron; Di Iorio, Daniela

    2010-01-01

    In 2007 and 2008, three science teachers participated in research "cruises" to the Juan de Fuca Ridge off the coast of Washington. This opportunity was made possible by a National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER grant awarded to Daniela Di Iorio, an oceanographer at the University of Georgia in Athens. The cruises helped renew their spirit and…

  4. Rethinking the Science Fair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craven, John; Hogan, Tracy

    2008-01-01

    Spring is the season when thousands of creased cardboard pests can be found lodged under the armpits of students and teachers as they observe the educational rite of spring known as the school science fair. A recent visit to a local school's gymnasium to witness one of these events reminded the authors of why they so dislike science fairs. In this…

  5. Relationships in Physical Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodstein, Madeline Prager; Sitzman, Barbara Pressey

    This document presents activities in the physical sciences. Activities are grouped in the following chapters: (1) "Science and Measurement"; (2) "Measurement Units"; (3) "Introduction to Chemistry"; (4) "The Periodic Table"; (5) "What is Inside an Atom?"; (6) "Bonding"; (7) "Formulas and Equations"; (8) "The Bursting Atom"; (9) "Relationships…

  6. Making Science Teams Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Roxanne Greitz

    2004-01-01

    Science teachers, likely have more experience with students working together than teachers in any other subject area due to teaming students for hands-on activities. While the importance of teamwork is emphasized in the National Science Education Standards, getting teams to actually work-meaning getting students to share equally in the academic…

  7. Spitting for Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Athanasiadis, Georgios; Jorgensen, Frank G.; Cheng, Jade Y.;

    2016-01-01

    Scientific outreach delivers science to the people. But it can also deliver people to the science. In this work, we report our experience from a large-scale public engagement project promoting genomic literacy among Danish high school students with the additional benefit of collecting data...

  8. Science without laws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweber, Silvan S

    2009-01-01

    During the 1970s, something deeply consequential happened in the cultural, economic, and social relationships between science and technology. Paul Forman has proposed that the abrupt reversal of the culturally ascribed primacy in the science-technology relationship circa 1980 be taken as a demarcation of postmodernity from modernity. Modernity's most basic cultural presuppositions-the superiority of theory to practice, the elevation of the public over the private and that of the disinterested over the interested, and the belief that the means sanctify the ends-were ascribed to science. In postmodernity, science is subsumed under technology, and the status of technology relative to science reflects our pragmatic-utilitarian subordination of means to ends. These cultural changes have resonated with deep epistemological and ontological changes within the sciences themselves, and all these have manifested themselves in universities becoming entrepreneurial, and the consequences thereof. Science Without Laws insightfully illustrates some of the changes within the life and human sciences by analyzing the role played by model systems and case studies.

  9. Science Facilities Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

    A bibliographic collection on science buildings and facilities is cited with many different reference sources for those concerned with the design, planning, and layout of science facilities. References are given covering a broad scope of information on--(1) physical plant planning, (2) management and safety, (3) building type studies, (4) design…

  10. Science and Technology Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baark, Erik

    1996-01-01

    This paper examines the status of science and technology in Mongolia, and discusses the policy issues which have emerged with the transition to market economy in recent years.......This paper examines the status of science and technology in Mongolia, and discusses the policy issues which have emerged with the transition to market economy in recent years....

  11. Groundwater in Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickerson, Daniel L.; Penick, John E.; Dawkins, Karen R.; Van Sickle, Meta

    2007-01-01

    Although clean, potable groundwater constitutes one of our most valuable resources, few students or science educators hold complete and appropriate understandings regarding the concept. Recent studies that focus on secondary students' and preservice science teachers' understandings of groundwater found little difference between the groups'…

  12. Weekend Science Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Karey

    2012-01-01

    Weekend plans...every family has them. Whether it's fishing, swimming, or simply picnicking by the river, water plays a significant role in many recreational endeavors. Encouraging students and their families to use their "scientific eyes" to explore these wonderful wet places is what Weekend Science Project is all about. Weekend Science Project…

  13. Measuring Adolescent Science Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumm, Maximiliane F.; Bogner, Franz X.

    2016-01-01

    To monitor science motivation, 232 tenth graders of the college preparatory level ("Gymnasium") completed the Science Motivation Questionnaire II (SMQ-II). Additionally, personality data were collected using a 10-item version of the Big Five Inventory. A subsequent exploratory factor analysis based on the eigenvalue-greater-than-one…

  14. What is Science?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-07-01

    Helen Quinn is a theoretical particle physicist at SLAC. Throughout her career, she has been passionately involved in science education and public understanding of science. In talking about science, whether to the public or to students, we scientists often assume that they share with us a common idea of science. In my experience that is often not the case. To oversimplify, scientists think of science both as a process for discovering properties of nature, and as the resulting body of knowledge, whereas most people seem to think of science, or perhaps scientists, as an authority that provides some information--just one more story among the many that they use to help make sense of their world. Can we close that gap in understanding? Middle school teachers typically spend a day or so teaching something called the scientific method, but the process by which scientific ideas are developed and tested is messier and much more interesting than that typical capsule description. Some remarkable features of the process are seldom stressed in teaching science, nor are they addressed in explaining any one piece of science to the public. My goal in this column is to provide some ideas for closing that gap in understanding, and to encourage scientists and teachers to communicate about the process as they discuss scientific work.

  15. Nuclear science research report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research activities in nuclear science carried out during 1976 are summarized. Research centers around nuclear structure and the application of nuclear techniques to solid state science, materials, engineering, chemistry, biology, and medicine. Reactor and accelerator operations are reported. (E.C.B.)

  16. France's Monumental Science Museum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickson, David

    1983-01-01

    Amid controversy, a former Paris slaughterhouse is being converted into one of the world's largest science museums. The museum will be organized into four major sectors corresponding to different levels at which science and technology touch human lives: exploring, using/producing, living/inhabitating, and communications. The controversy related to…

  17. Science via Photography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Alex D.

    2010-01-01

    As an amateur photographer and science teacher, the author shares how to use digital media to enhance the study of habitat and adaptation. The author also helps you to discover how to use the camera to boost science vocabulary, especially for English language learners. Through breathtaking photographs--the possibilities are endless, your students…

  18. The Significance of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pielke, R.

    2002-05-01

    Whether global warming, terrestrial carbon sinks, ecosystem functioning, genetically modified organisms, cloning, vaccination or chemicals in the environment, science is increasingly the battlefield on which political advocates, not least lawyers and commercial interests, manipulate `facts' to their preferred direction, which fosters the politicization of science. Debate putatively over science increasingly relies on tactics such as ad hominem attacks and criticism of process (for example, peer review or sources of funding), through paid advertisements, press releases and other publicity campaigns. As political battles are waged through `science', many scientists are willing to adopt tactics of demagoguery and character assassination as well as, or even instead of, reasoned argument, as in aspects of debate over genetically modified crops or global warming. Science is becoming yet another playing field for power politics, complete with the trappings of media spin and a win-at-all-costs attitude. Sadly, much of what science can offer policymakers, and hence society, is lost. This talk will use cases from the atmospheric sciences as points of departure to explore the politicization of science from several perspectives and address questions such as: Is it a problem? For whom and what outcomes? What are the alternatives to business-as-usual?

  19. Science Notebook Essentials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klentschy, Michael

    2005-01-01

    The science notebook is more than a record of data that students collect, facts students learn, and procedures students conduct. It is also a record of students' questions, predictions, claims linked to evidence, conclusions, and reflections--all structured by an investigation leading to an understanding of "big ideas" (not factoids) in science. A…

  20. Encyclopedia of Rose Science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roberts, A.; Debener, T.; Gudin, S.; Byrne, D.B.; Cairns, T.; Vries, de D.P.; Dubois, L.A.M.; Forkmann, G.; Fruchter, M.; Helsper, J.P.F.G.; Horst, R.K.; Jay, M.; Kwakkenbosch, T.A.M.; Pemberton, B.; Put, H.M.C.; Rajapakse, S.; Reid, M.; Schum, A.; Shorthouse, J.D.; Ueda, Y.; Vainstein, A.; Pol, van de P.A.; Zieslin, N.

    2003-01-01

    The Encyclopedia of Rose Science brings together a wealth of information on the rose, long treasured for its captivating perfumes and splendid colors. Now, more than ever, science plays a central place in the production of this flower at the center of one of the world's biggest floricultural industr

  1. Pakistan boosts science budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Margaret

    2009-08-01

    Government spending on science and technology development in Pakistan will jump by about a quarter in 2009-2010 compared with the previous fiscal year, with big increases planned for nuclear physics and higher education. In late June the country's National Assembly approved a budget of 48.2bn Pakistani rupees (Rs), or about £361m, for new science projects.

  2. Rudiments of materials science

    CERN Document Server

    Pillai, SO

    2007-01-01

    Writing a comprehensive book on Materials Science for the benefit of undergraduate courses in Science and Engineering was a day dream of the first author, Dr. S.O. Pillai for a long period. However, the dream became true after a lapse of couple of years. Lucid and logical exposition of the subject matter is the special feature of this book.

  3. Supporting Beginning Science Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luft, Julie A.; Bang, EunJin; Roehrig, Gillian H.

    2007-01-01

    The focus of this article is the more immediate way to help new science teachers, which comes from the experienced and professionally active teacher--you! As science teacher educators who work with and study the development of beginning teachers, the authors found the support offered knowingly and unknowingly by the teacher next door was a…

  4. History of Science and Science Museums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, Cláudia; Guilherme, Elsa; Gaspar, Raquel; Boaventura, Diana

    2015-01-01

    The activities presented in this paper, which are addressed to elementary school, are focused on the pioneering work of the Portuguese King Carlos I in oceanography and involve the exploration of the exhibits belonging to two different science museums, the Aquarium Vasco da Gama and the Maritime Museum. Students were asked to study fish…

  5. Computer Science Professionals and Greek Library Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dendrinos, Markos N.

    2008-01-01

    This paper attempts to present the current state of computer science penetration into librarianship in terms of both workplace and education issues. The shift from material libraries into digital libraries is mirrored in the corresponding shift from librarians into information scientists. New library data and metadata, as well as new automated…

  6. Differentiating Science Instruction: Secondary science teachers' practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maeng, Jennifer L.; Bell, Randy L.

    2015-09-01

    This descriptive study investigated the implementation practices of secondary science teachers who differentiate instruction. Participants included seven high school science teachers purposefully selected from four different schools located in a mid-Atlantic state. Purposeful selection ensured participants included differentiated instruction (DI) in their lesson implementation. Data included semi-structured interviews and field notes from a minimum of four classroom observations, selected to capture the variety of differentiation strategies employed. These data were analyzed using a constant-comparative approach. Each classroom observation was scored using the validated Differentiated Instruction Implementation Matrix-Modified, which captured both the extent to which critical indicators of DI were present in teachers' instruction and the performance levels at which they engaged in these components of DI. Results indicated participants implemented a variety of differentiation strategies in their classrooms with varying proficiency. Evidence suggested all participants used instructional modifications that required little advance preparation to accommodate differences in students' interests and learning profile. Four of the seven participants implemented more complex instructional strategies that required substantial advance preparation by the teacher. Most significantly, this study provides practical strategies for in-service science teachers beginning to differentiate instruction and recommendations for professional development and preservice science teacher education.

  7. History of Science and Science Museums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, Cláudia; Guilherme, Elsa; Gaspar, Raquel; Boaventura, Diana

    2015-10-01

    The activities presented in this paper, which are addressed to elementary school, are focused on the pioneering work of the Portuguese King Carlos I in oceanography and involve the exploration of the exhibits belonging to two different science museums, the Aquarium Vasco da Gama and the Maritime Museum. Students were asked to study fish adaptations to deep sea, through the exploration of a fictional story, based on historical data and based on the work of the King that served as a guiding script for all the subsequent tasks. In both museums, students had access to: historical collections of organisms, oceanographic biological sampling instruments, fish gears and ships. They could also observe the characteristics and adaptations of diverse fish species characteristic of deep sea. The present study aimed to analyse the impact of these activities on students' scientific knowledge, on their understanding of the nature of science and on the development of transversal skills. All students considered the project very popular. The results obtained suggest that the activity promoted not only the understanding of scientific concepts, but also stimulated the development of knowledge about science itself and the construction of scientific knowledge, stressing the relevance of creating activities informed by the history of science. As a final remark we suggest that the partnership between elementary schools and museums should be seen as an educational project, in which the teacher has to assume a key mediating role between the school and the museums.

  8. Philosophy of Computer Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aatami Järvinen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The diversity and interdisciplinary of Computer Sciences, and the multiplicity of its uses in other sciences make it difficult to define them and prescribe how to perform them. Furthermore, also cause friction between computer scientists from different branches. Because of how they are structured, these sciences programs are criticized for not offer an adequate methodological training, or a deep understanding of different research traditions. To collaborate on a solution, some have decided to include in their curricula courses that enable students to gain awareness about epistemology and methodological issues in Computer Science, as well as give meaning to the practice of computer scientists. In this article the needs and objectives of the courses on the philosophy of Computer Science are analyzed, and its structure and management are explained.

  9. Ghana Science Abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This issue of the Ghana Science Abstracts combines in one publication all the country's bibliographic output in science and technology. The objective is to provide a quick reference source to facilitate the work of information professionals, research scientists, lecturers and policy makers. It is meant to give users an idea of the depth and scope and results of the studies and projects carried out. The scope and coverage comprise research outputs, conference proceedings and periodical articles published in Ghana. It does not capture those that were published outside Ghana. Abstracts reported have been grouped under the following subject areas: Agriculture, Biochemistry, Biodiversity conservation, biological sciences, biotechnology, chemistry, dentistry, engineering, environmental management, forestry, information management, mathematics, medicine, physics, nuclear science, pharmacy, renewable energy and science education

  10. Public Engagement with Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Irwin, Alan

    2014-01-01

    Based on a recent review and a contribution for the 20 years anniversary edition of the scientific journal Public Understanding of Science, reflections are made about the last twenty years of achievements and failures in the theory, practice and policy of Public Engagement with Science (PES......). The ‘deficit theory’ which still today characterize many scientific activities that address citizen can be criticized for ‘one-way communication’, ‘sanctity of expertise’, and treatment of the publics as ‘homogeneous’. When arguing for the need for public engagement with science it is question about...... not problematising ‘the public’, taking values seriously and instead educating ‘the experts’, and recognising both the ‘legitimacy of wider concerns’ and the ‘democratic imperative’. Public Engagement with Science as strategy is building upon a normative commitment to the idea of democratic science policy...

  11. Journalism and science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Gitte

    2006-01-01

    that are likely to occur to journalistic attitudes - mirroring changing attitudes in the wider society - towards science and scientific researchers. Two journalistic conventions - those of science transmission and of investigative journalism - are presented and discussed in relation to the present drive towards...... commercialization within the world of science: how are journalists from these different schools of thought likely to respond to the trend of commercialization? Likely journalistic reactions could, while maintaining the authority of the scientific method, be expected to undermine public trust in scientists....... In the long term, this may lead to an erosion of the idea of knowledge as something that cannot simply be reduced o the outcome of negotiation between stakeholders. It is argued that science is likely to be depicted as a fallen angel. This may be countered, it is posited, by science turning human...

  12. Editing a Normal Science Journal in Social Science

    OpenAIRE

    Linton C. Freeman

    2009-01-01

    Editer un journal de science normale dans les sciences sociales : Cet papier mets en évidence quelqu'unes des différences entre les journaux de "science normale" dans des disciplines telles que la physique et la chimie, et des "sciences non-normales" dans des disciplines de sciences sociales. L'article montre qu'un journal, Social Networks, ressemble plus à un journal de science normale qu'un journal typique des sciences sociales. L'auteur montre que les propriétés de sciences normales de la ...

  13. Communicating knowledge in science, science journalism and art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristian Hvidtfelt

    Richter. The specialized knowledge about the image is communicated in three very different contexts with three very different outcomes. The paper uses Niklas Luhmann's system theory to describe science, science journalism, and art as autonomous social subsystems of communication. Also, Luhmann's notions...... of irritation and interference are employed to frame an interpretation of the complex relations between communicating knowledge about the image in science, science journalism, and art. Even though the functional differentiation between the communication systems of science, science journalism, and art remains...... that Richter's Erster Blick ends up questioning the epistemological and ontological grounds for communication of knowledge in science and in science journalism....

  14. How In-Service Science Teachers Integrate History and Nature of Science in Elementary Science Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacieminoglu, Esme

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the in-service science teachers' (IST) perceptions and practices about curriculum and integration of the history of science (HOS) and the nature of science (NOS) affect their science courses. For this aim, how ISTs integrated the NOS and HOS in their elementary science courses for understanding…

  15. 76 FR 6163 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ... the Office of Science and Technology Policy's NSTC Web site at http://www.ostp.gov/nstc or by calling... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and...

  16. 75 FR 4882 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ... the Office of Science and Technology Policy's NSTC Web site at http://www.ostp.gov/cs/nstc or by... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and...

  17. Science Coursework and Pedagogical Beliefs of Science Teachers: The Case of Science Teachers in the Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macugay, Eva B.; Bernardo, Allan B. I.

    2013-01-01

    Science coursework is an important element of the pre-service education of science teachers. In this study we test the hypothesis that more science coursework influences pedagogical beliefs of science teachers by studying the pedagogical beliefs of 305 Filipino science teachers. We compared pedagogical beliefs of primary school (less science…

  18. Cell Science-02 Payload Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Sarah Diane

    2014-01-01

    The presentation provides an general overview of the Cell Science-02 science and payload operations to the NASA Payload Operations Integrated Working Group. The overview includes a description of the science objectives and specific aims, manifest status, and operations concept.

  19. Service Science And Accounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen G. Kerr

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The evolution of a new discipline of service science will creatively disturb the relationship between more established business disciplines.  Each discipline is not an independent silo.  As a result the purpose of this paper was to explore, at this early stage, how the new discipline may create opportunities for interdisciplinary scholarship.  The specific purpose of this paper was to explore how service science might interact with the scholarly and professional practice of accounting.  Accounting practice is dominated by a stewardship proposition.  The stewardship proposition is a problem because typical service science investments will receive unfavorable treatment.  Accounting’s other major proposition is valuation.  Areas of opportunity for positive contributions from a service science approach are discussed.  Service science, as viewed through an accounting lens, will have to find ways to overcome measurement and reporting methods that will not afford service science investments the full benefit of their strategic potential.  Several avenues for research into ways service science can improve accounting scholarship are suggested.

  20. Social Sciences and Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu-Kun Lin

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available At the time when the journal Sustainability [1] was launched, as a chemist and a scientist, I started to believe that social sciences may be more important to make humans sustainable. The broad journal title Social Sciences presents the opportunity for all social science scholars to have integrated consideration regarding the sustainability of humanity, because I am sure that science and technology alone cannot help. Science and technology may have in fact been contributing to accelerate the depletion of nonrenewable natural resources and putting human sustainability at risk since the industrial revolution about 150 years ago. I hope all intellectuals studying anthropology, archaeology, administration, communication, criminology, economics, education, government, linguistics, international relations, politics, sociology and, in some contexts, geography, history, law, and psychology publish with us to seek a solution to sustain humanity. Sustainability itself will also be a main topic of the journal Social Sciences. In addition to this integrated forum for social sciences, more topic specific journals, such as the already publishing Societies [2], will be launched. [...

  1. Science on stage

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    During the opening ceremony, the audience was dazzled by a juggling show involving dramatic light effects. They also took away with them a teacher's sheet explaining some of the scientific concepts involved in juggling. Science teachers can sometimes be quite humorous when it comes to explaining serious matters, as those who took part in the 'Science on Stage' festival held at CERN from 21 to 25 November were able to see for themselves. The 500 or so participants from 27 different countries, mostly science teachers but also some university lecturers, science outreach specialists and students, had the opportunity to share their experience of the teaching of science. They also attended presentations and shows, took part in workshops and visited a fair with stands offering ideas on how to make school science lessons more appealing. The festival, organised by the EIROforum (a partnership between CERN, EFDA, ESA, ESO, EMBL, ESRF and ILL), marked the end of two years of projects for the promotion of science in vir...

  2. Exceptional Science Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lustick, David

    2011-04-01

    What kind of teaching is indicative of an exceptional practice? In this secondary science teacher workshop, participants will explore and consider an array of standards based instructional strategies designed to foster specific types of student learning outcomes. Using a backward design approach, first the goals of science learning will be identified and then the best strategies for achieving those goals will be described. Finally, policies and practices that promote (or stifle) exceptional science teaching will be discussed. Specific examples of classroom teaching will be shared throughout to illustrate the concepts addressed.

  3. Science Communication at NASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stofan, Ellen R.

    2015-11-01

    Scientists usually excel in a particular discipline, but generally have a difficult time informing and engaging the public about what we do. From climate science to natural hazards risks, our science does affect people's lives. Within NASA, we have started science communications training, focusing on how to tell a clear story about not just what we do, but why we do it. This not only will help us better communicate to our stakeholders and the public, but also hopefully make for better communications within our diverse teams.

  4. Historiciser la science politique

    OpenAIRE

    Kaluszynski, Martine; Wahnich, Sophie

    1998-01-01

    L'historicisation des objets de science politique : une fausse évidence. Faut-il se passer des historiens pour historiciser les objets de science politique Qu'est-ce que la science politique peut espérer de son investissement sur le terrain de l'histoire ?Les transferts d'une discipline empirique à une discipline théorique : importer une expérience concrète des processus sociaux du passé. Les transferts d'une discipline empirique à une discipline théorique : importer du théorique implicite. L...

  5. Investigations about Science Misconceptions

    CERN Document Server

    Risch, M

    2010-01-01

    Students entering engineering in universities of applied sciences were tested to see whether they understood easy Science problems within the first week of the first semester. The test comprised of mathematics and physics questions in both linear and diagrammatic form. Science misconceptions are investigated here by comparison to a model of misconception based on the findings of other investigators. The misconceptions demonstrated by the answers confirm this model of misconception. The results are discussed with traditional theories about education as well as with recent psychological research and with neuroscience insights. These comparisons enable further investigation of misconceptions.

  6. Defending climate science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2012-01-01

    The National Center for Science Education (NCSE), which has long been in the lead in defending the teaching of evolution in public schools, has expanded its core mission to include defending climate science, the organization announced in January. “We consider climate change a critical issue in our own mission to protect the integrity of science education,” said NSCE executive director Eugenie Scott. “Climate affects everyone, and the decisions we make today will affect generations to come. We need to teach kids now about the realities of global warming and climate change so that they're prepared to make informed, intelligent decisions in the future.”

  7. Coping with Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ricard, Lykke Margot

    2003-01-01

    Life of Science, edited by Lykke Margot Ricard and Robin Engelhardt. Learning Lab Denmark, Copenhagen, pages 39-45. 2003 Short description: What makes children think about scientific inventions? In this case it was watching the news and listing to parents conversation that made a 12-year old...... schoolboy write an essay on the theme: ?The world would be a better place to live in if?!? Abstract: Science has a long tradition for emphasizing objectivity, but it is the emotional impact of science that makes children interested. Metaphors and personal experiences of the scientist can be a useful...

  8. Science Communication in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busch, Henrik

    2005-01-01

    This paper was presented during the author?s visit at the Faculty of Human Development of the University of Kobe . The paper is intended to provide the knowledge about science communication in the Nordic countries (in particular in Denmark). The focus in the paper is on (i) examples of new and in...... and innovative modes of science communication in Denmark and (ii) educational programs for science communicators. Furthermore, emphasis is on the pedagogical ideas behind the initiatives, rather than on thorough descriptions of structures, curricula and evaluations of the projects....

  9. COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE CENTER

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DAVENPORT, J.

    2005-11-01

    The Brookhaven Computational Science Center brings together researchers in biology, chemistry, physics, and medicine with applied mathematicians and computer scientists to exploit the remarkable opportunities for scientific discovery which have been enabled by modern computers. These opportunities are especially great in computational biology and nanoscience, but extend throughout science and technology and include, for example, nuclear and high energy physics, astrophysics, materials and chemical science, sustainable energy, environment, and homeland security. To achieve our goals we have established a close alliance with applied mathematicians and computer scientists at Stony Brook and Columbia Universities.

  10. Science with KRAKENS

    CERN Document Server

    Mazin, Benjamin A; France, Kevin; Fraser, Wesley; Howell, D Andrew; Jones, Tucker; Meeker, Seth; O'Brien, Kieran; Prochaska, Jason X; Siana, Brian; Strader, Matthew; Szypryt, Paul; Tendulkar, Shriharsh P; Treu, Tommaso; Vasisht, Gautam

    2015-01-01

    The Keck science community is entering an era of unprecedented change. Powerful new instrument like ZTF, JWST, LSST, and the ELTs will catalyze this change, and we must be ready to take full advantage to maintain our position of scientific leadership. The best way to do this is to continue the UC and Caltech tradition of technical excellence in instrumentation. In this whitepaper we describe a new instrument called KRAKENS to help meet these challenges. KRAKENS uses a unique detector technology (MKIDs) to enable groundbreaking science across a wide range of astrophysical research topics. This document will lay out the detailed expected science return of KRAKENS.

  11. Exploration of Science Parks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiong Huibing; Sun Nengli

    2005-01-01

    Science parks have developed gready in the world, whereas empirical researches have showed that science parks based on linear model cannot guarantee the creation of innovation. Hi-tech innovation is derived from flow and management of information. The commercial and social interactions between in-parks and off-park firms and research institutions act as the key determinant for innovation.Industrial clustering is the rational choice for further developing Chinese science parks and solving some problems such as the lack of dear major industries and strong innovation sense, etc.

  12. Computer science handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Tucker, Allen B

    2004-01-01

    Due to the great response to the famous Computer Science Handbook edited by Allen B. Tucker, … in 2004 Chapman & Hall/CRC published a second edition of this comprehensive reference book. Within more than 70 chapters, every one new or significantly revised, one can find any kind of information and references about computer science one can imagine. … All in all, there is absolute nothing about computer science that can not be found in the encyclopedia with its 110 survey articles …-Christoph Meinel, Zentralblatt MATH

  13. Science A history

    CERN Document Server

    Gribbin, John

    2002-01-01

    From award-winning science writer John Gribbin, "Science: A History" is the enthralling story of the men and women who changed the way we see the world, and the turbulent times they lived in. From Galileo, tried by the Inquisition for his ideas, to Newton, who wrote his rivals out of the history books; from Marie Curie, forced to work apart from male students for fear she might excite them, to Louis Agassiz, who marched his colleagues up a mountain to prove that the ice ages had occurred. Filled with pioneers, visionaries, eccentrics and madmen, this is the history of science as it has never been told before.

  14. What is Fisheries Science?

    OpenAIRE

    Institute, Marine

    2006-01-01

    Fisheries science is a branch of marine science that deals with studies on the life history and state of fish stocks. The term ‘life history’ refers to the general biology of a fish stock (e.g. when/where do the fish spawn? How fast do they grow?). The term ‘state of a fish stock’ refers to the number and weight of fish in the stock (i.e. current stock biomass in tonnes). The overall aim of fisheries science is to provide information to managers on the state and life history of the stocks. Th...

  15. [Educational science, 'the hardest science of all'].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Tartwijk, J; Driessen, E W; van der Vleuten, C P M; Wubbels, T

    2012-06-01

    Educational research not only showed that student characteristics are of major importance for study success, but also that education does make a difference. Essentially, teaching is about stimulating students to invest time in learning and to use that time as effectively as possible. Assessment, goal-orientated work, and feedback have a major effect. The teacher is the key figure. With the aim to better understand teaching and learning, educational researchers usefindingsfrom other disciplines more and more often. A pitfall is to apply the findings of educational research without taking into consideration the context and the specific characteristics of students and teachers. Because of the large number offactors that influence the results ofeducation, educational science is referred as 'the hardest science of all'.

  16. Science Data Infrastructure for Preservation - Earth Science

    OpenAIRE

    Albani, Mirko; Marelli, Fulvio; Giaretta, David; Shaon, Arif

    2012-01-01

    The proper preservation of both current and historical scientific data will underpin a multitude of ecological, economic and political decisions in the future of our society. The SCIDIP-ES project addresses the long-term persistent storage, access and management needs of scientific data by providing preservation infrastructure services. Taking exemplars from the Earth Science domain we highlight the key preservation challenges and barriers to be overcome by the SCIDIP-ES infrastructure. SCIDI...

  17. Computer Science Professionals and Greek Library Science

    OpenAIRE

    Δενδρινός, Μάρκος

    2008-01-01

    This paper attempts to present the current state of computer science penetration into librarianship in terms of both workplace and education issues. The shift from material libraries into digital libraries is mirrored in the corresponding shift from librarians into information scientists. New library data and metadata, as well as new automated library processes impose the need for a hybrid form of scientists, equipped with both the rich experience of traditional librarianship and the knowledg...

  18. Theoretical Computer Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2002-01-01

    The proceedings contains 8 papers from the Conference on Theoretical Computer Science. Topics discussed include: query by committee, linear separation and random walks; hardness results for neural network approximation problems; a geometric approach to leveraging weak learners; mind change...

  19. Statistics in Atmospheric Science

    OpenAIRE

    Solow, Andrew R.

    2003-01-01

    This paper reviews the use of statistical methods in atmospheric science. The applications covered include the development, assessment and use of numerical physical models of the atmosphere and more empirical analysis unconnected to physical models.

  20. Environmental Health Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Alan; Smith, Robert

    1975-01-01

    Describes an environmental health science technology curriculum designed to provide technicians in the areas of air, water and wastewater analyses, treatment plant operators, public health enforcement officers, and pollution inspectors. (GS)

  1. Fundamentals of electrochemical science

    CERN Document Server

    Oldham, Keith

    1993-01-01

    Key Features* Deals comprehensively with the basic science of electrochemistry* Treats electrochemistry as a discipline in its own right and not as a branch of physical or analytical chemistry* Provides a thorough and quantitative description of electrochemical fundamentals

  2. German Medical Science ausgezeichnet

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, W.

    2011-01-01

    German Medical Science - das medizinische Publikationsportal von AWMF, DIMDI und ZB MED - wird am 21. Oktober 2011 von der Initiative "Deutschland - Land der Ideen" als "Ausgewählter Ort im Land der Ideen 2011" ausgezeichnet.

  3. Materials Sciences Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-01-01

    A compilation and index of the ERDA materials sciences program is presented. This compilation is intended for use by administrators, managers, and scientists to help coordinate research and as an aid in selecting new programs. (GHT)

  4. Language and Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Dwight

    1999-01-01

    Reviews recent applied linguistic research on science and language, especially studies conducted during the period between 1990 and 1998. Outlines major changes that have taken place in this area since van Naerssen and Kaplan's 1987 review. (Author/VWL)

  5. Save Russian science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feigel'Man, Mikhail

    2007-03-01

    Despite 15 years of turbulent change, 'brain drain' and a shortage of research funds, Russian science has survived, although in a much diminished state. International investment and collaboration over the next ten years could bring it back from the brink.

  6. Physical Sciences Complex

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This 88,000 square foot complex is used to investigate basic physical science in support of missile technology development. It incorporates office space, dedicated...

  7. Western Nuclear Science Alliance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steve Reese; George Miller; Stephen Frantz; Denis Beller; Denis Beller; Ed Morse; Melinda Krahenbuhl; Bob Flocchini; Jim Elliston

    2010-12-07

    The primary objective of the INIE program is to strengthen nuclear science and engineering programs at the member institutions and to address the long term goal of the University Reactor Infrastructure and Education Assistance Program.

  8. Energy Sciences Network (ESnet)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Energy Sciences Network is the Department of Energy’s high-speed network that provides the high-bandwidth, reliable connections that link scientists at national...

  9. CERN Science and Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Di Meglio, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    A high-level overview of the relationship between science and technology at CERN and the impact of technology on research with a focus on ICT technologies. Presented as a 12-minute "power-talk" at CIOCity 2015, Brussels

  10. Philosophy of social science

    OpenAIRE

    Charles Vergeer

    2015-01-01

    Mark Risjord. Philosophy of Social Science. A Contemporary Introduction. Serie: Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy. New York and London: Routledge, 2014, 288 p., €42,75. ISBN 978 0 415 89825 6

  11. NP Science Network Requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dart, Eli [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Rotman, Lauren [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Tierney, Brian [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2011-08-26

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. To support SC programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In August 2011, ESnet and the Office of Nuclear Physics (NP), of the DOE SC, organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the programs funded by NP. The requirements identified at the workshop are summarized in the Findings section, and are described in more detail in the body of the report.

  12. Quantum Social Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haven, Emmanuel; Khrennikov, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    Preface; Part I. Physics Concepts in Social Science? A Discussion: 1. Classical, statistical and quantum mechanics: all in one; 2. Econophysics: statistical physics and social science; 3. Quantum social science: a non-mathematical motivation; Part II. Mathematics and Physics Preliminaries: 4. Vector calculus and other mathematical preliminaries; 5. Basic elements of quantum mechanics; 6. Basic elements of Bohmian mechanics; Part III. Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Psychology: Basic Questions and Answers: 7. A brief overview; 8. Interference effects in psychology - an introduction; 9. A quantum-like model of decision making; Part IV. Other Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Economics, Finance and Brain Sciences: 10. Financial/economic theory in crisis; 11. Bohmian mechanics in finance and economics; 12. The Bohm-Vigier Model and path simulation; 13. Other applications to economic/financial theory; 14. The neurophysiological sources of quantum-like processing in the brain; Conclusion; Glossary; Index.

  13. Imaging Sciences Workshop Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Candy, J.V.

    1996-11-21

    This report contains the proceedings of the Imaging Sciences Workshop sponsored by C.A.S.LS., the Center for Advanced Signal & Image Sciences. The Center, established primarily to provide a forum where researchers can freely exchange ideas on the signal and image sciences in a comfortable intellectual environment, has grown over the last two years with the opening of a Reference Library (located in Building 272). The Technical Program for the 1996 Workshop include a variety of efforts in the Imaging Sciences including applications in the Microwave Imaging, highlighted by the Micro-Impulse Radar (MIR) system invented at LLNL, as well as other applications in this area. Special sessions organized by various individuals in Speech, Acoustic Ocean Imaging, Radar Ocean Imaging, Ultrasonic Imaging, and Optical Imaging discuss various applica- tions of real world problems. For the more theoretical, sessions on Imaging Algorithms and Computed Tomography were organized as well as for the more pragmatic featuring a session on Imaging Systems.

  14. Measuring adolescent science motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumm, Maximiliane F.; Bogner, Franz X.

    2016-02-01

    To monitor science motivation, 232 tenth graders of the college preparatory level ('Gymnasium') completed the Science Motivation Questionnaire II (SMQ-II). Additionally, personality data were collected using a 10-item version of the Big Five Inventory. A subsequent exploratory factor analysis based on the eigenvalue-greater-than-one criterion, extracted a loading pattern, which in principle, followed the SMQ-II frame. Two items were dropped due to inappropriate loadings. The remaining SMQ-II seems to provide a consistent scale matching the findings in literature. Nevertheless, also possible shortcomings of the scale are discussed. Data showed a higher perceived self-determination in girls which seems compensated by their lower self-efficacy beliefs leading to equality of females and males in overall science motivation scores. Additionally, the Big Five personality traits and science motivation components show little relationship.

  15. From science to architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Coleman, Honor

    2014-01-01

    non-peer-reviewed My thesis began with an interest in finding various differences and commonalities in the fields of science and architecture. I have always been interested by the seemingly fast paced progression of science and technology in comparison to other creative fields. There appears to be a constant stream of discoveries and new technologies. And so I wondered if there was anything about the way the scientist works that the architect could learn. I began by reading books abo...

  16. Volume 3: Life Science

    CERN Document Server

    Aretz, Anke; Mayer, Joachim; EMC 2008 14th European Microscopy Congress

    2008-01-01

    Proceedings of the14th European Microscopy Congress, held in Aachen, Germany, 1-5 September 2008. Jointly organised by the European Microscopy Society (EMS), the German Society for Electron Microscopy (DGE) and the local microscopists from RWTH Aachen University and the Research Centre Jülich, the congress brings together scientists from Europe and from all over the world. The scientific programme covers all recent developments in the three major areas of instrumentation and methods, materials science and life science.

  17. Political censorship of science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greco Pietro

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available On June, the 23rd of last year, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA published its Draft Report on the Environment, a report on environmental quality. The EPA is an autonomous federal agency known for its reliability on environmental studies and safeguards. Its Draft Report is considered by Science, the journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS, the nation?s most scientifically reliable analysis on environmental quality.

  18. The Computer Science Network

    OpenAIRE

    Landweber, Lawrence H.

    1982-01-01

    The CSNET project, sponsored by the National Science Foundation, has as its goal the design and implementation of a computer communications network to provide services to computer science research groups in the United States. Experience with Arpanet has shown that access to a computer network can lead to significantly higher level of interaction between geographically dispersed researchers. This can result in an increase in the quantity and quality of research produced by these researchers. I...

  19. Evaluation of Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usmani, Adnan Mahmmood; Meo, Sultan Ayoub

    2011-01-01

    Scientific achievement by publishing a scientific manuscript in a peer reviewed biomedical journal is an important ingredient of research along with a career-enhancing advantages and significant amount of personal satisfaction. The road to evaluate science (research, scientific publications) among scientists often seems complicated. Scientist's career is generally summarized by the number of publications / citations, teaching the undergraduate, graduate and post-doctoral students, writing or reviewing grants and papers, preparing for and organizing meetings, participating in collaborations and conferences, advising colleagues, and serving on editorial boards of scientific journals. Scientists have been sizing up their colleagues since science began. Scientometricians have invented a wide variety of algorithms called science metrics to evaluate science. Many of the science metrics are even unknown to the everyday scientist. Unfortunately, there is no all-in-one metric. Each of them has its own strength, limitation and scope. Some of them are mistakenly applied to evaluate individuals, and each is surrounded by a cloud of variants designed to help them apply across different scientific fields or different career stages [1]. A suitable indicator should be chosen by considering the purpose of the evaluation, and how the results will be used. Scientific Evaluation assists us in: computing the research performance, comparison with peers, forecasting the growth, identifying the excellence in research, citation ranking, finding the influence of research, measuring the productivity, making policy decisions, securing funds for research and spotting trends. Key concepts in science metrics are output and impact. Evaluation of science is traditionally expressed in terms of citation counts. Although most of the science metrics are based on citation counts but two most commonly used are impact factor [2] and h-index [3]. PMID:27493300

  20. Strange science takes time

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    The late astronomer Carl Sagan popularized the saying that "extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence," in reference to reports of alien visitations. Generating low-cost commercial fusion power, isolating antimatter and tracing reverse-time causality aren't as far out there as UFOs, but a similar rule might well apply: Extraordinary science requires extraordinary effort. With that in mind, here's a progress report on three extraordinary science projects that have popped up in the news...