WorldWideScience

Sample records for cahiers droit sciences

  1. Memoirs of law, sciences and technologies - Law and climate thematic issue; Cahiers droit, sciences et technologies - Dossier thematique droit et climat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torre-Schaub, M. [CNRS, IDHE ENS-Cachan (France); Jouzel, J. [IPSL-LSCE, CEA-CNRS, UVSQ, CE Saclay 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Boisson de Chazournes, L. [Faculte de droit, Geneve Univ. (Switzerland); Sadeleer, N. de; Denis, B. [Saint-Louis Univ., Brussels (Belgium); Godard, O. [CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Dep. Humanites et Sciences Sociales (France); Le Prestre, P. [Laval univ. (Canada); Maljean-Dubois, S. [CNRS, CERIC, Paul Cezanne Univ., Aix-en-Provence (France); Wemaere, M. [IDDRI, Dep. Climat et Energie (France); Rousseaux, S. [CNRS, Droit et Changement Social, Association Climaterre (France); Louchard, O. [Reseau Action Climat (France)

    2009-07-01

    This dossier is organized around two essential points: 1 - climate is a scientific question which combines science and governance. In this context, the last IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) report gives an essential place to uncertainties with claiming that 'it is more probable than improbable that we may be in an irreversible process of global warming'. Therefore, it has become necessary to think about the management of uncertainties using law and to a massive mobilization of the precaution principle. The essential economical aspects to the implementation of a significant abatement of greenhouse gases cannot be passed over in silence as well. Finally, the civil society occupies a more and more important place, not only in international negotiations, but inside the countries as well. 2 - Global warming is thinkable at a World scale only. This implies that some kind of a climate geopolitics is emerging in the World, considering the existence at the same time of different sources and different problems to deal with (technical, economical) depending on the regions of the world. From the strictly legal point of view, the scenarios presented at Bali consider the World by 2012 onward. In this context, the fight against global warming mobilizes several legal instruments, some being new and the others being not. We assist to a real law genesis. The emissions trading markets, for instance, and other financial mechanisms, belong to these new instruments. However, using old legal means to solve new problems is another way to create law. It is also important to stress on the fact that the international law is not the only possible legal mean to square the fight against global warming. The liability right for the violation of a public property, i.e. the atmosphere, remains an instrument combining experience and novelty and has proved itself in several countries. Finally, in France, the 'Grenelle de l'Environnement' policy has led to an

  2. Dans le ventre du Léviathan. La science du droit constitutionnel sous le national-socialisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Stolleis

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article Michael Stolleis s’intéresse au devenir de la science du droit constitutionnel sous le régime national-socialiste. L’intérêt de la question dépasse la simple curiosité historique, car elle concerne une discipline de la science juridique centrale à tout État démocratique. Partant des attaques contre le positivisme juridique qui émergent au cours de la République de Weimar, l’article s’ouvre sur une typologie des groupes qui constituent l’Union des professeurs de droit public. Stolleis montre l’affaiblissement progressif des « positivistes » à la faveur des groupes à l’idéologie plus autoritaire et antidémocratique. Cette première typologie des forces en présence permet ensuite d’analyser plus finement les différentes attitudes face à la mise en place du régime national-socialiste – allant de l’émigration (extérieure ou intérieure à la collaboration, en passant par le retrait vers des domaines de la pensée juridique moins directement exposés politiquement. S’intéressant au destin de la discipline plutôt qu’aux devenirs individuels, Stolleis constate l’effacement progressif du droit constitutionnel face à un pouvoir n’acceptant aucune contrainte, aucune restriction. Au point que le silence des représentants de cette discipline semble total après 1938. Enfin, l’article se conclut sur un appel à l’étude historique de la période, d’autant plus nécessaire que l’immédiat après-guerre fut marqué par l’occultation des faits et la volonté de laisser le passé être le passé.

  3. The aesthetics of laboratory inscription: Claude Bernard's Cahier Rouge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sattar, Atia

    2013-03-01

    This essay explores the aesthetic sensibilities of the French physiologist Claude Bernard (1813-1878). In particular, it analyzes the Cahier Rouge (1850-1860), Bernard's acclaimed laboratory notebook. In this notebook, Bernard articulates the range of his experience as an experimental physiologist, juxtaposing without differentiation details of laboratory procedure and more personal queries, doubts, and reflections on experimentation, life, and art. Bernard's insights, it is argued, offer an aesthetic and phenomenological template for considering experimentation. His physiological point of view ranges from his own bodily aesthesis or sensory perception, through personal reflections on scientific discovery as an artistic process, to a broader metaphysical conception of life as an artistic creation. Such an aesthetic approach to physiology enables Bernard to reconcile his empirical methodology and his romantic idealism; it offers the history of laboratory science a framework for considering the individual, bodily, and emotional labor inherent in physiological experimentation.

  4. Droit des organisations internationales

    CERN Document Server

    Sorel, Jean-Marc; Ndior, Valère

    2013-01-01

    Cet ouvrage collectif offre aux enseignants et chercheurs en droit international, aux praticiens et aux étudiants, une analyse actualisée du droit des organisations internationales. Il dresse en cinq parties un tableau, illustré par des exemples variés, des problématiques que soulève le phénomène polymorphe d institutionnalisation de la société internationale. La première partie est consacrée au phénomène des « organisations internationales », sous l angle à la fois de l institutionnalisation progressive des relations internationales et de la difficulté à cerner une catégorie unifiée. La deuxième partie rend compte de la création, de la disparition et des mutations des organisations internationales, ici envisagées comme systèmes institutionnels et ordres juridiques dérivés. La troisième partie analyse l autonomie que l acquisition de la personnalité juridique et de privilèges et immunités, un organe administratif intégré, un personnel ou un budget propres confèrent aux organi...

  5. Alter ego + cahier d'activités : A2

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Le cahier propose de valider et de renforcer les connaissances acquises à travers une grande variété d’activités : de vocabulaire ; de grammaire ; de communication ; de compréhension écrite et production écrite ; de plus, des activités de compréhension orale (CD audio inclus) viennent enrichir le travail sur les compétences de communication. À la fin du cahier, un portfolio permet à l’apprenant de suivre de façon active et réfléchie son apprentissage.

  6. Présentation des Cahiers séguriens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Nières-Chevrel

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Les Cahiers séguriens sont nés du colloque qui s’est tenu à l’Université de Haute-Bretagne – Rennes 2 en 1999, à l’occasion du bicentenaire de la naissance de la Comtesse de Ségur : « On ne va pas se quitter comme ça ! ». Rémi Saudray et Laura Kreyder se sont mis à rêver d’un lieu qui permettrait de prolonger le colloque et d’accueillir les recherches à venir sur et autour de la comtesse de Ségur. C’est ainsi qu’ils en sont venus à créer, avec l’appui de la Société des Amis de la Comtesse de ...

  7. A propos cahier d'exercices : B1-B2

    CERN Document Server

    Andant, Christine

    2005-01-01

    Les enseignants de français langue étrangère disposeront grâce aux dossiers thématiques d'" A propos " d'un abondant matériel pédagogique, souple, diversifié et stimulant pour la préparation et l'animation de leurs cours au niveau intermédiaire et avancé. Ils y trouveront de surcroît de très nombreuses indications pédagogiques pour aborder et exploiter les documents sélectionnés ainsi que des suggestions pour construire des séquences pédagogiques. La méthode " A propos " se compose de : - un manuel de l'élève pour les activités de classe avec la transcription des documents sonores ; - un coffret de 2 cd contenant plus de 50 documents sonores originaux ; - un cahier d'exercices pour le travail individuel de l'étudiant ; - un guide pédagogique proposant de très nombreux documents et activités complémentaires pour le professeur, avec le corrigé des exercices.

  8. Droit des données personnelles

    OpenAIRE

    Vétois, Jacques

    2016-01-01

    Comme le droit de l’informatique, celui des données personnelles reste flou dans l’esprit de nos concitoyens. Et pourtant, il nous concerne tous directement. La loi Hadopi vient, par exemple, d’instituer la « riposte graduée » pour lutter contre le piratage des films ou de la musique. En neuf mois, 18 millions d’infractions ont été constatées et quelques internautes au bout du compte seront passibles d’une amende. Si vous utilisez les réseaux sociaux, peut-être vous interrogez-vous sur ce qui...

  9. Pauvreté et droits humains (Poverty and Human Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Golay

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Depuis les années 1980, les questions de droits humains, notamment économiques, sociaux et culturels, se sont progressivement imposées dans l'étude des causes de la pauvreté et des mesures qui permettraient de la réduire. Pourtant, force est de constater que les cas de non-respect, dénis et violations des droits humains n'ont pas sensiblement diminué. Les abus entraînés par le phénomène des acquisitions massives de terres agricoles dans les pays les plus pauvres de la planète en fournissent une bonne illustration. Dans ce contexte, les limites des principes volontaires sautent aux yeux, mais la revendication et la protection d'un droit contraignant, tel le droit à l'alimentation, offre des opportunités plus intéressantes pour les communautés locales et les acteurs qui les soutiennent.(Human rights, particularly economic, social and cultural rights, have, since the 1980s, assumed an important part in the study of the causes of poverty and methods used to reduce it. Nevertheless, there has not been a noticeable decline in human rights abuses. One example is the massive agricultural land grabs in the poorest nations of the world. It is clear that voluntary principles are insufficient. However, imposition of a right to food offers an opportunity for local communities and their supporters.

  10. Facultés de droit en crise : formation et socialisation des élites allemandes sous la République de Weimar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Bénédicte Vincent

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available L’article se propose d’explorer l’univers des facultés de droit sous la République de Weimar, que les contemporains jugent en « crise ». Cette perception renvoie tout d’abord aux difficultés d’adaptation d’un enseignement qui est de plus en plus écartelé entre les exigences de la science (transmettre une compréhension historique de l’évolution du droit et celles de la pratique (préparer les étudiants au monde professionnel par une connaissance du droit en vigueur : l’Université apparaît ainsi comme un lieu de confrontation entre professeurs et autorités étatiques pour le contrôle du cursus juridique. Par ailleurs, dans un contexte de grande expansion des effectifs étudiants, les facultés de droit ne connaissent pas de démocratisation de leur public et restent le domaine des élites traditionnelles ; de ce fait, elles semblent en décalage avec leur époque et continuent de former un univers passéiste que conforte l’engagement des étudiants dans des corporations traditionnelles. Ce mode de socialisation explique leur radicalisation dans le camp antirépublicain dès les années 1920.

  11. Aa. Vv., Gengis Khan, «Cahiers Henry Bauchau», 5

    OpenAIRE

    Mastroianni, Michele

    2016-01-01

    Après l’interruption pendant quelques années de la publication des «Cahiers Henry Bauchau», dont le quatrième et dernier remonte à l’année 2000, un nouveau numéro de cette revue paraît sous la direction de J.-F. La Bouverie et M. Quaghebeur, poursuivant une collaboration avec les Archives et Musée de la Littérature de Bruxelles, qui avait été déjà inaugurée par la parution du quatrième numéro. Il s’agit d’un volume cohérent, apportant des données inédites sur Gengis Khan, pièce en huit tablea...

  12. L’horizon transcendantal du droit selon Kant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Goyard-Fabre

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La procédure judiciaire a fourni à Kant le modèle méthodologique de sa révolution critique. Soumettant le droit au tribunal de la raison, il ne s’attache pas, comme le font encore les jurisconsultes de son temps, à la question essentialiste Quid jus ?, mais, en posant, comme au sein du prétoire, la question Quid juris ?, il s’interroge sur les conditions de possibilité et de validité des catégories et des concepts du droit. Loin d’être « déduite » métaphysiquement d’une puissance transcendante, la juridicité procède, selon la « déduction transcendantale », de l’horizon pur où s’inscrivent les exigences a priori qui lui accordent le statut d’ « Idée de la raison » : statut sublime qui la rend inaccessible et irréalisable. Le droit ne serait-il pas de ce monde ? A tout le moins serait-il aujourd’hui nécessaire, dans une perspective critique, de réviser la notion de « transcendantal » et de restructurer la raison

  13. A much larger class of Frolicher spaces than that of convenient vector spaces may embed into the Cahier topos

    CERN Document Server

    Nishimura, Hirokazu

    2009-01-01

    It is well known that the category of Frolicher spaces and smooth mappings is Cartesian-closed. The principal objective in this paper is to show that the full subcategory of Frolicher spaces that believe that every Weil functor is really an exponentiation by the corresponding infinitesimal object in fantasy is also Cartesian-closed. Under the assumption that a conjecture holds, it is shown that these Frolicher spaces embed into the Cahier topos with the Cartesian-closed structure preserved.

  14. La prévention par le droit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aude Lejeune

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Dans l’objectif de garantir l’accès au droit et à la justice pour les publics dits « en difficulté », le ministère de la Justice français a créé un nouveau type de métier juridique de proximité : les agents de l’accès au droit. Cet article analyse les stratégies de division locale du travail d’information juridique entre les avocats et ces juristes de proximité ainsi que les redéfinitions des rapports entre le ministère de la Justice et les collectivités territoriales.Prevention by law. Territories and division of juridical work in FranceIn a way to promote access to justice and legal services for disadvantaged people, French Justice Department created a new kind of occupation: proximity lawyers. This article analyses how traditional lawyers and proximity lawyers negotiate the division of work, as well as how it reshapes relationships between national Justice Department and the states (collectivités territoriales.La prevención por el derecho. Territorios y división del trabajo jurídico en FranciaCon el objetivo de garantizar el acceso a la justicia y al derecho para los públicos desfavorecidos, el ministerio de la justicia en Francia creó un nuevo tipo de ocupación: los juristas de proximidad. Este artículo analiza las estrategias de división del trabajo de información jurídica entre los abogados y los juristas de proximidad, y también las redefiniciones de las relaciones entre el ministerio nacional de la Justicia y las colectividades autónomas (collectivités territoriales.

  15. De l'usage du droit privé et du droit public au Moyen Âge

    OpenAIRE

    Giordanengo, Gérard

    2007-01-01

    Omnis definitio in jure civili periculosa S'il me fallait rédiger des « enseignements à un jeune médiéviste » désireux de faire de l'histoire politique, je lui conseillerais d'abord de rejeter la distinction entre souverain et suzerain, d'éviter d'employer le mot procédure inquisitoire, surtout lorsqu'il croira pouvoir l'opposer à l'accusatoire, de bannir les expressions féodalité, société féodale, époque féodale, monarchie ou état féodal, en se limitant à parler de droit féodal. J'ajouterai...

  16. Les enfants de la guerre : Le Grand Cahier d’Agota Kristof

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carine Trevisan

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available On examine, à partir de l’étude du Grand Cahier, d’Agota Kristof, la façon dont l’état de guerre expulse souvent brutalement l’enfant de sa position d’enfant, lui assignant une place problématique, notamment dans la succession des générations. Non seulement témoin mais aussi souvent victime de la sauvagerie des adultes, il peut néanmoins s’« identifier à l’agresseur » et devenir à son tour meurtrier. Donnant fictivement la parole à des enfants qui font l’épreuve de la brutalisation des comportements des hommes et femmes en état de guerre, Le Grand Cahier, par le choix d’une écriture glacée – on a qualifié ce livre d’« exercice de cruauté » –, conduit à son extrême limite cette représentation de l’enfance dévastée, au point qu’elle en devient inquiétante : abolition de toute faculté à rêver, à imaginer, anesthésie de la vie émotive, destruction de tout ce qui peut faire lien avec autrui, d’où insensibilité à la mort, reçue ou donnée. Cette chute hors de l’humain peut cependant être considérée comme une technique, certes mutilante, de survie.En el estudio de El gran cuaderno de Agota Kristof se analiza cómo el estado de guerra expulsa, a menudo brutalmente, al niño de su posición de niño y le asigna una plaza problemática, en particular en la sucesión de las generaciones. A pesar de que el niño no sea solamente testigo sino también víctima de la bestialidad de los adultos, puede sin embargo «identificarse con el agresor» y convertirse en un asesino. Al dar de manera ficticia la palabra a niños que han sufrido la brutalidad de los comportamientos de los hombres y mujeres en tiempos de guerra, El gran cuaderno, a través de una escritura insensible – se ha utilizado para hablar de este libro la expresión «ejercicio de crueldad» –, representa con todas sus consecuencias una niñez destrozada, hasta el punto de convertirla en algo inquietante: eliminaci

  17. L’évolution de la théorie du droit (1970-2010)

    OpenAIRE

    TROPER, Michel

    2016-01-01

    Le titre qui m’a été suggéré pour cet exposé n’est précis qu’en apparence. Si le début et la fin de la période à étudier sont clairement définis, il subsiste une double ambiguïté. En premier lieu, il pourrait s’agir de l’histoire de la théorie du droit en France seulement, ou plus largement dans le monde. D’autre part, la théorie du droit a été et est encore tantôt une discipline qui entend se distinguer radicalement de la philosophie du droit, tantôt une autre dénomination de la philosophie ...

  18. Droit économique et sécurité alimentaire

    OpenAIRE

    Collart Dutilleul, François; Pironon, Valérie

    2012-01-01

    Numéro spécial de la Revue internationale de droit économique (n° 4/2012, édition De Boeck). Sous la direction scientifique de François Collart Dutilleul et de Valérie Pironon.; Ce numéro spécial de la Revue internationale de droit économique réunit certaines des contributions aux Journées de Nice (juin 2012), organisées par le CREDECO et le programme Lascaux. Il s'attache à observer la manière dont le droit appréhende l'aliment et le commerce international de celui-ci à l'aune de l'objectif ...

  19. Rupture diaphragmatique droite avec passage total et isole du foie en intra-thoracique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Turki

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available La rupture traumatique de la coupole diaphragmatique droite avec hernie du foie dans le thorax est une lesion rare. Elle est souvent integree dans le cadre d�un poly-traumatisme, dont elle est un critere de gravite. Elle expose, precocement ou tardivement, a des complications cardio-pulmonaires par compression. Le diagnostic d�une rupture diaphragmatique droite est difficile a etablir. En effet, ses signes cliniques sont peu specifiques et l�imagerie peut etre prise en defaut du faite qu�elle visualise les organes ascensionnes mais plus difficilement la rupture elle-meme. La voie d�abord thoracique est souvent preferee du fait des difficultes de l�exposition du diaphragme en presence du foie. Nous rapportons un cas d�une rupture diaphragmatique droite avec passage isole et total du foie en intra-thoracique diagnostiquee au cinquieme jour d�hospitalisation chez un polytraumatise.

  20. Code de droit international privé suisse annoté Code DIP annoté

    CERN Document Server

    Suisse; Geisinger, Elliott

    1995-01-01

    La loi fédérale sur le droit international privé : édition complétée par le texte des principaux traités internationaux et par le Règlement d'arbitrage de la Chambre de commerce internationale

  1. "Droit d'Auteur,""Copyright" and Neighboring Rights at the Crossroads.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, Andre

    Although the concepts of "droit d'auteur" (author's right) and copyright derive from different traditions, they are nearly synonymous in that both protect original works of the mind against reproduction or representation made without consent of the author or the author's successors in title. Implications of the electronic age for both of…

  2. Les droits de propriété sur le vivant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geneviève Azam

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article est une réflexion sur le nouveau régime des droits de propriété intellectuelle sur le vivant, apparu dans les années 1980. Ces nouveaux droits représentent une rupture dans la conception du vivant comme bien commun. Ils constituent une rupture anthropologique à l’intérieur des sociétés humaines, dans la mesure où la vie et sa reproduction ne sont plus considérées comme une finalité mais comme des moyens et des ressources. Ils suppriment la frontière traditionnelle entre l’invention brevetable et la découverte, jusqu’ici non brevetable. Les nouveaux droits peuvent désormais concerner la nature comme “res communis”. Ils inaugurent un “second mouvement des enclosures”. Mais alors que la terre peut être clôturée, les droits sur le vivant relèvent d’une propriété incorporelle. Du fait des caractéristiques propres du vivant et des conditions de sa reproduction, on assiste à une extension des droits de propriété et à une remise en cause des droits de propriété corporels et territoriaux. En effet, ces nouveaux droits reviennent à contrôler et à s’approprier la capacité d’entretien et de reproduction de l’ensemble des espèces et menacent la bio-diversité.This article examines the new intellectual property rights on living organisms, which were introduced in the 1960s. These new rights break away from the idea of living organisms as common property. They bring about a radical change in human societies insofar as life and its reproduction are no longer regarded as an end in itself but exploited as means and instruments. They erase traditional boundaries between patentable invention and traditionally non-patentable discovery. The new rights henceforth apply to nature as res communis. They initiate a “Second Enclosure Movement.” But whereas fields and land can be enclosed and hedged in, rights on living organisms come under intangible property rights. Because of the specific

  3. Café crème méthode de français : niveau 1 : cahier d'exercices

    CERN Document Server

    Beacco di Giura, Marcella

    1997-01-01

    Complément facultatif du livre de l'élève, ce cahier d'exercices : - renforce les apprentissages mis en place dans le manuel : les rubriques " Vocabulaire et Orthographe ", " Grammaire " répondent à " Boîte à outils " ; la rubrique " Conversations " fait écho à " Paroles en liberté " ; - propose des élargissements et des activités supplémentaires pour ceux qui disposeraient de plus de temps, en particulier dans le domaine de l'écrit et du culturel : ce sont les rubriques " Textes " et " Vie quotidienne ".

  4. Le droit social a l’eau et le droit á l’alimentation dans la jurisprudence de la Cour Constitutionnelle Colombienne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    German Alfonso López Daza

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Les aliments et l’eau constituent des éléments indispensables pour toute forme de vie. Au XXI siècle, les aliments et l’eau sont le centre d’attention de la communauté internationale, principalement par l’augmentation de la population humaine et le développement de plusieurs pays, lesquels nécessitent plus nourriture et de l’eau pour la vie des personnes. L’épuisement progressif des ressources naturelles dans les pays développés a été la cible de la grande richesse des pays en développement comme la Colombie. Les sources massives d’achat fertiles des terres et de l’eau par entreprises multinationales ont suscité de nombreux débats et la protection du patrimoine à travers ces réglementations pour permettre aux pays les plus pauvres d’assurer leur survie. Dans ce contexte, il est nécessaire de fonder le droit à la sécurité alimentaire et l’accès à l’eau comme droits fondamental collectif en Colombie, ce qui aboutirait à une possibilité de règles juridiques limitant la vente des richesses naturelles à l’étranger. Aussi, le rôle de la Cour Constitutionnelle colombienne a été très important, compte tenu sa jurisprudence protectrice des droits sociaux à l’eau et à l’alimentation.

  5. Droit de propriété et gestion des conflits agriculture - environnement

    OpenAIRE

    FACCHINI, François

    2008-01-01

    Ce chapitre souhaite montrer que les solutions à la gestion des conflits entre les usages agricoles et environnementaux sous estiment l'efficacité des solutions privées (marchandes ou non marchandes). Il soutient que le respect des droits de propriété privée est un moyen de gérer et de prévenir les conflits d'usage en général et en matière agricole en particulier. Il se fonde sur trois propositions inspirées de la théorie économique des droits de propriété. 1) La principale cause des conflits...

  6. Une herméneutique en contexte : le droit

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Herméneutique en contexte, le droit initie des techniques d’interprétation. Plus encore, il pense la justice au risque de l’interprétation. Parmi les grandes disciplines exégétiques, à côté de la littérature, de l'exégèse biblique et de l'historiographie, le droit occupe ainsi une place singulière. Discipline exégétique, il sait la nécessité de l’interprétation et le danger de la mésinterprétation en raison du caractère équivoque d’un énoncé ou d’un contexte engageant faux-sens ou contre-sens...

  7. Droit de l'énergie recueil de textes internationaux, européens et suisses

    CERN Document Server

    Fellrath, Isabelle; Spoorenberg, Frank

    2011-01-01

    Le droit de l’énergie est devenu incontournable dans un contexte général de libéralisation, rationalisation, diversification et sécurisation du marché de l’énergie, soulevant des questions variées et complexes. Le Recueil réunit, en un seul volume, divers textes de droit fédéral et de droit international en vigueur pour la Suisse, régissant l’exploration et l’exploitation des ressources énergétiques (minérales, nucléaires, renouvelables), le transport des ressources énergétiques, les investissements transnationaux dans le secteur énergétique, la distribution et fourniture de l’électricité, et les questions environnementales liées à la production et l’utilisation de l’énergie. Le Recueil se veut un outil de travail pour les praticiens, les professionnels du secteur énergétique, les administrations publiques, les académiques et les étudiants.

  8. Guide pour la rédaction de cahiers des charges pour la sous-traitance en mécano-soudage

    CERN Document Server

    Cheminat, Olivier

    2016-01-01

    Ce rapport est principalement dédié aux rédacteurs de cahiers des charges lors de sous-traitance en soudage. Le choix de faire sous-traiter une fabrication et le choix du sous-traitant revêtent une triple dimension technique, économique et stratégique. Un sous-traitant n'est pas un simple fournisseur ; il est un véritable partenaire technique pour le donneur d'ordre qui lui confie la réalisation d'un produit qu'il a lui-même conçu. La sous-traitance nécessite alors, outre un audit préalable du partenaire, un suivi en continu, à distance, et une communication entre le donneur d'ordre et le sous-traitant. Le cahier des charges est un des éléments de cette communication. C'est un outil essentiel, notamment lorsque le marché est soumis à des normes, imposées par contrat entre le donneur d'ordre et le sous-traitant. Ce présent document est un guide pour la rédaction du document de consultation, afin d'être le plus précis et exhaustif possible, mais il ne saurait être utilisé pour établi...

  9. L’histoire du droit au risque de la sociologie.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Édouard Tillet

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Gabriel Tarde, juge d’instruction à Sarlat, brillant haut fonctionnaire, intellectuel de renom qui finira au Collège de France, a marqué son époque. Il demeure l’une des figures incontournables pour comprendre les tensions que connaissent les sciences de l’homme dans les premières décennies de la IIIe République. Doté d’un redoutable sens de l’humour, notamment dans ses comptes rendus, il n’en reste pas moins un auteur complexe et fuyant. Il sait être d’une rare pertinence, comme lorsqu’il re...

  10. Les dimensions religieuses de la Déclaration des droits de l’homme et du citoyen de 1789

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucien Scubla

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Les droits et les dieux n’étaient pas autrefois des choses différentes.G. Vico, Origine de la poésie et du droit, p. 172. Tremblez ennemis de la France,Rois ivres de sang et d’orgueil.Le peuple souverain s’avance :Tyrans descendez au cercueil.Le chant du départ. La Déclaration des droits de l’homme et du citoyen du 26 août 1789 est un texte à la fois très bref et très dense. Il est bref parce qu’il a été conçu pour être saisi, comme le Décalogue, d’un seul coup d’œil. Mais sa concision même l...

  11. Pierre Fabien Nkot. Usages politiques du droit en Afrique. Le cas du Cameroun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Pageard

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Le titre de cet ouvrage est sibyllin. P. F. Nkot, qui enseigne le droit public et la sociologie juridique à l’université de Yaoundé II, traite en réalité des manœuvres des dirigeants politiques africains, notamment camerounais, pour rendre inapplicables nombre de textes juridiques, faisant ainsi de ceux-ci une fiction et un décor.L’ouvrage est divisé en cinq chapitres. Les quatre premiers sont une contribution très critique à l’histoire politique et constitutionnelle du Cameroun aussi bien à ...

  12. The Journal as a European Space in Post-War Paris: the Fédération des étudiants nationalistes and Cahiers universitaires, 1961-1963

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugh McDonnell

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the Fédération des étudiants nationalistes (FEN and its journal Cahiers universitaires between 1961 and 1963 in the context of post-war Parisian political and intellectual life. These dates encompass the launch of the journal and the loss of French Algeria - a fundamental preoccupation of the group. The group's militancy on behalf of the maintenance of France's three North African départements was interwoven with its far right political orientation and its striking conceptualisation of Europe. This article analyses five strands of discourse about Europe that recur in the journal: a Europe of nationalism, a Europe of imperialism, a Europe of hierarchy, a Europe defined against materialism, and a Europe of youth. I will argue that these different conceptions of Europe are closely interconnected.

  13. Le point de vue, Cahiers de praxématique n° 41, coordonné par Alain Rabatel, Montpellier, 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Ce numéro des Cahiers de praxématique est consacré au point de vue. Cette notion utilisée d’abord par la critique littéraire (Pouillon en 1946 est ensuite passée au champ de la linguistique du discours (Ducrot en 1984. Pour la narratologie, le PDV (point de vue « traite de la prise en charge des informations narratives ». Selon l’approche de Gérard Genette, qui lui a substitué le terme de focalisation, si c’est bien le narrateur qui raconte, les événements sont représentés soit à partir de...

  14. Droit marocain des déchets municipaux et développement durable - Comment

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    MADANI Nabil

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available La gestion des déchets municipaux a souffert pour longtemps de l'absence d'un cadre réglementaire et institutionnel spécifique. Cette situation s'est traduite par une gestion anarchique qui a générée de problèmes structurels et a contribué à la dégradation de l'état de l'environnement. En effet, la loi 28-00 adoptée au Maroc en 2006 arrête les règles et les principes fondamentaux qui se rapportent à la gestion des déchets et à leur élimination et permet d'asseoir une gestion rationnelle, moderne et efficace du secteur, respectueuse des exigences de développement durable et de la protection de l'environnement. Néanmoins, les objectifs du développement durable liés au droit des déchets municipaux sont confrontés à des obstacles qui limitent leur réalisation. Dans cet article, nous essayons, dans un premier lieu, de passer au crible du développement durable le droit des déchets municipaux, pour passer, en deuxième lieu, à dresser l’état de lieux de son effectivité.

  15. La Réparation Individuelle en Application des Mécanismes Prévus par le Droit International Humanitaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Rondeau

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article fait état d’un questionnement sur l’état actuel du rôle des normes juridiques émanant du système de droit international humanitaire (DIH en ce qui a trait au droit à la réparation, en prenant soin de mettre la personne en tant que victime de la guerre au centre de notre réflexion. En considérant la notion de réparation sous l’angle de la victime comme un tout à décrire et à analyser, nous cherchons à savoir s’il existe un droit à la réparation que possède la victime d’un conflit armé régi par le droit international humanitaire. Le fondement même de cette recherche s’appuie donc sur le cadre normatif conventionnel du DIH régissant la notion de réparation, que cette dernière accorde ou non un droit à une victime. This paper presents a series of questions on the present state of the role of judicial standards arising from the system of international humanitarian law [IHL] as regards the right to compensation, by making it a point to place the person as a war victim at the center of our reflection. In considering the concept of compensation from the angle of the victim as a whole, we seek to know whether there exists a right to compensation to which the victim of an armed conflict governed by international humanitarian law is entitled. The very foundation of this research is thus based on the conventional normative framework of IHL governing the concept of compensation, whether or not it grants a right to a victim.

  16. La principauté de Liège, le droit liégeois et la mainplévie

    OpenAIRE

    Lagasse, Benoît

    2017-01-01

    Le présent document tend à présenter le droit liégeois et les institutions politiques et juridictionnelles relatives à la principauté de Liège à la fin de l'Ancien Régime. Par ailleurs, il comporte quelques considérations sur la mainplévie, institution juridique spécifique au droit liégeois.

  17. Plasticité du droit constitutionnel et dynamique de l’autoritarisme dans la Tunisie de Ben Ali

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    Éric Gobe

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Le droit des institutions politiques dans la Tunisie de Ben Ali apparaît particulièrement plastique et instable car ce sont les échéances politiques liées à la pérennisation du régime autoritaire qui dictent le rythme et la nature des changements institutionnels. Ce droit est conçu de façon à rendre impensable l’éventualité d’une alternance au sommet de l’État tout en permettant aux pouvoirs publics tunisiens de tenir un discours sur la résolution de la Tunisie à approfondir son engagement démocratique. Les récents textes constitutionnels et législatifs organisant la vie politique concourent, dans le même temps à limiter formellement les pratiques autoritaires tout en les autorisant si nécessaire.

  18. Myxome du ventricule droit chez un enfant: une présentation très rare

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarmiz, Amine; Mgarrech, Imene; Slim, Mehdi; Kortas, Chokri; Jerbi, Sofiane

    2016-01-01

    Le myxome du ventricule droit est une localisation très rare des myxomes cardiaques. Les complications les plus fréquentes sont l'embolie pulmonaire et l'obstruction par la tumeur de la valve pulmonaire. Nous rapportons le cas d'un enfant âgé de 11 ans admis en Cardiologie pour des syncopes à répétition. L'échographie cardiaque met en évidence un myxome du ventricule droit de 2cm, obstruant l'orifice pulmonaire. L'exérèse chirurgicale est pratiquée en urgence sous circulation extracorporelle, avec des suites opératoires favorables. L'examen anatomopathologique de la pièce a permis de confirmer le diagnostic de myxome. Le suivi à 18 mois ne montre pas de récidive tumorale. PMID:28292100

  19. La RSE saisie par le droit : généalogie d'une recherche juridique sur la RSE

    OpenAIRE

    Martin-Chenut, Kathia

    2016-01-01

    International audience; Cette contribution introductive sera consacrée à la généalogie d'une recherche juridique sur laresponsabilité sociétale des entreprises. Elle analysera, dans un premier temps, la genèse de larecherche collective IdEx Attractivité RSE : identification et classement des outilsjuridiques, développée à Strasbourg par l'Equipe RSE de l'UMR DRES (Droit, religion,entreprise et société), CNRS/UNISTRA, entre 2013 et 2016. Le but de l'Idex RSE a étéd'inscrire les recherches sur ...

  20. Título da página electrónica: Mission de Recherche Droit et Justice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Dias

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available A Mission de Recherche Droit et Justice foi criada, em 1994, numa iniciativa conjunta entre o Ministério da Justiça francês e o Centre Nationale de Recherches Scientifiques. Esta associação permite a integração, numa estrutura comum, de meios humanos, intelectuais e materiais, públicos e privados, considerados necessários para o desenvolvimento de actividades científicas de investigação. Entre os seus membros fundadores com poderes deliberativos no Conselho de Administração, encontramos també...

  1. Godsdienstvrijheid in Europees perspectief (Bookreview) ; Religions in European Union Law/ Les Religions dans le droit communautaire (Bookreview) ; State and Church in the European Union (Bookreview)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Besselink, L.F.M.

    2000-01-01

    S.C. van Bijsterveld, Godsdienstvrijheid in Europees perspectief. WEJ Tjeenk Willink, 1998, XIII+203 pp. - Religions in European Union Law/ Les Religions dans le droit communautaire. Proceedings of the Colloquium Luxembourg/ Trier, November 21-22, 1996. Pubblicazioni di Diritto Ecclesiastico, Unive

  2. Le droit belge à l'épreuve de la société du risque: La régulation juridique face au défi de la réflexivité -- DEA en Théorie du droit

    OpenAIRE

    Pieret, Julien

    2006-01-01

    Ce mémoire compte trois parties. Dans une première partie, intitulée Pour un droit ancillaire à la sociologie ?on commencera par rappeler le contexte de méfiance vis-à-vis du droit dans lequel est née et s’est développée la sociologie. On notera cependant que depuis plusieurs années, divers sociologues ont mené une réflexion, sinon en rupture avec ce modèle initial, à tout le moins davantage dialectique et érigent le droit en tant que moteur et révélateur privilégiés des mutations sociales. C...

  3. Gémellité, dédoublement et changement de perspectives dans la trilogie d’Agota Kristof: / Le Grand cahier /, / La Preuve /, / Le Troisième mensonge /

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Alfaro Amieiro

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Agota Kristof (1935-2011, Hungar-ian writer exiled in Switzerland since 1956, tackles the topic of twinship in her first three novels: Le Grand cahier(1986, La Preuve (1988, Le Troisième mensonge (1991. The two main characters, Lucas and Claus, represent the dream of twin brothers as a way of reaching the full identity. From one novel to other arise a wicked twinship characterized by the splitting and the fictional game. Her cha-racters embody the parody of men unable to live in a unity project and the sarcastic allegory of the lived situation in eastern Europe in the XX century. The experience of totalitarianism marks her live and her work.

  4. Research document no. 27 bis. After the Hague, Bonn and Marrakech: the future international market for emissions permits and the issue of hot air; Cahier de recherche no. 27. Apres La Hague, Bonn et Marrakech: le futur marche international des permis de droits d'emissions et la question de l'air chaud

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanchard, O.; Criqui, P.; Kitous, A

    2002-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to assess the Bonn-Marrakech agreement, in terms of abatement cost and emission trading as compared with the initial agreement reached in Kyoto (the Kyoto Protocol). Our reference case (the Initial Deal) does not include the use of sinks credits, as the Kyoto Protocol does not give explicit figures nor method to estimate them. In addition, two hypothetical situations are considered. The first describes the ''missed compromise'' that could have emerged among all Parties in November 2000 in The Hague. The second is a virtual case where the US is assumed to be part of the Bonn-Marrakech Agreement, along with all the other Parties. These two cases contribute to shed the light on the Bonn-Marrakech Agreement potential pitfalls. In the current situation, the US is out of the negotiation process and has no emission reduction commitment. Given the projections of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions used in this study, the Former Soviet Union countries (FSU) and the Eastern European Economies (EEE) that are part of the Annex B have potentially enough Hot Air to fulfill the overall commitment of the Annex B bubble, without any domestic abatement effort from the other Annex B countries. We show that in the theoretical case where no limit would be imposed on the selling of Hot Air, the permit price according to the POLES model would be zero as no market equilibrium could take place. This is why, next, we examine the economic impacts of restrictions to hot air trading, for FSU and EEE as well as for the other countries. We shed the light on the potential market power of the former countries that arises from the Bonn-Marrakech Agreement. (author)

  5. L’enseignement clinique du droit de l’immigration aux Etats-Unis : la clinique de l’Université de Californie Davis et le programme DACA

    OpenAIRE

    Kahssay, Jihan A.

    2014-01-01

    Les cliniques de l'immigration jouent un rôle important et original dans l'enseignement du droit de l'immigration aux USA. Elle remplissent également un rôle social important dans l'accès au droit pour les publics défavorisés. Dans cette interview, J. Kahssay, avocate et chargée du programme DACA à la clinique du droit de l'immigration de l'Université de Californie Davis (King hall school of law), présente le fonctionnement général de la clinique du droit de l'immigration de UC Davis. Elle dé...

  6. L’évolution des relations entre les banques et les entreprises publiques économiques en matière de crédit bancaire interne en droit et en pratique en Algérie

    OpenAIRE

    Hammadi, Nadia

    2013-01-01

    L’étude de l’évolutions des relations entre les banques et les entreprises publiques économiques en matière de crédit bancaire relève du droit bancaire . le droit bancaire est l’ensemble des règles qui régissent les personnes accomplissant une activité bancaire à titre professionnel en l’occurrence les banques et les établissements financières .

  7. Fédéralisme et droits des LGBT aux États-Unis et au Canada : analyse comparatives des politiques

    OpenAIRE

    Miriam Smith

    2014-01-01

    L’article examine le militantisme LGBT et les résultats des politiques en matière de droit pénal et du mariage entre personnes de même sexe de 1969 à aujourd’hui, dans le cadre d’une analyse comparée du fédéralisme aux États-Unis et au Canada. Nous soutiendrons que le fédéralisme a grandement façonné les politiques publiques relatives aux droits des LGBT. Dans le régime américain, le potentiel d’expansion du fédéralisme a favorisé les changements graduels de politiques dans les États et, para...

  8. L'impact des transformations de régime en Pologne après 1989 sur la définition du droit rural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksander Lichorowicz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Le débat sur la portée et les criteres de définition du droit rural continue, dans la doctrine polonaise, depuis les années cinquante. J'ai présenté son déroulement et ses résultats dans une vaste dissertation il y a plusieurs années (...

  9. Pacifisme ou guerre totale ? Une histoire politique du droit des gens : les lectures de Vitoria au XXe siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Saada

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available À travers les lectures opposées faites de Vitoria par les internationalistes du début du xxe siècle, souvent d’inspiration normativiste, et par Carl Schmitt, cet article montre comment l’histoire du droit des gens constitue une histoire politique. Les premiers font du théologien de Salamanque le père du droit international contemporain, inspirateur lointain du pacifisme universaliste qui s’est développé au tournant du xixe et du xxe siècle et cristallisé dans la Société des Nations, tandis que le second voit dans le retour de la doctrine vitorienne de la guerre juste la justification de la guerre totale. La conception particulière de l’ennemi, ou des « régimes de l’ennemi », que l’on peut repérer chez Vitoria, y est tantôt oblitérée, tantôt mise en avant, manifestant dans les deux cas une reconstruction politique de l’histoire du droit des gens.

  10. DROIT ET DÉMOCRATIE CHEZ HANS KELSEN. LA CRITIQUE KELSÉNIENNE DE LA PERSONNALISATION DE L’ÉTAT

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    Soraya Nour Sckell

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude analyse comment Kelsen, pour libérer le droit et la démocratie des traces de ce qu'il appelle les hypostases collectives ou la mythologie de l'âme collective, prend position face aux grandes théories de la sociologie et de la psychologie sociale de son temps (Durkheim, Simmel, Weber et Freud. D'abord, il s'agira de montrer comment Kelsen critique les métaphores de l'âme collective ; ensuite, de montrer comment la pensée kelsénienne sur le droit et la démocratie essaie d'échapper aux problèmes liés à la métaphore de l'âme collective. Cela peut laisser entrevoir quelques points communs entre la théorie de Kelsen et les théories contemporaines sur le droit et la démocratie libérées des prémisses de l'idée d'une communauté homogène.

  11. Droit et homosexualités: une réconciliation fragile Law and homosexualities: a weak reconciliation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Borrillo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La relation entre l’ordre social et juridique et les sexualités dissidentes, parmi lesquelles l’homosexualité, a toujours été particulièrement complexe. Si dans la civilisation gréco-romaine il régnait une atmosphère de tolérance, le monde judéo-chrétien a posé les fondations d’une répression morale et légale de laquelle le monde occidental a toutes les difficultés de se défaire. Cet article analyse l’évolution du traitement légal de l’homosexualité et montre la difficile réconciliation entre le droit et les citoyens homosexuels.The relationship between the legal and social order and the dissident sexualities, among which the homosexuality, has always been particularly complex. If the Greco-Roman civilization soaked in an atmosphere of tolerance, the Judeo-Christian world has laid the foundations for a moral and legal repression from which the West has difficulty in freeing itself. This article analyzes the evolution of the legal treatment of the homosexuality and shows the difficult reconciliation between the law and the homosexual citizens.

  12. Du Style pour dire non, ou l’artillerie d’une poétique de combat dans Cahier d’un Retour au Pays Natal d’Aimé Césaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clotaire Saah Nengou

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Malgré les divers thèmes étudiés par des générations d’écrivains d’Afrique et de la diaspora noire francophone, la plupart de leurs œuvres ne reflète souvent que très timidement une forme esthétique hardie; serait-ce par peur de faire la différence? Par contre le poète Aimé Césaire ose. Dans son poème Cahier d’un Retour au Pays Natal, Césaire fait du signe une arme stylistique et insurrectionnelle pour combattre la norme culturelle tyrannique imposée à sa conscience, combattre les oppresseurs d’hommes et les larbins de la révolte. Soit le “style pour dire non!” La présente étude voudrait montrer que l’expressivité chez Césaire dans cet inusable, long et délirant texte poétique, c’est de l’artillerie lourde qui se caractérise par l’usage quantitatif, qualitatif et volumique d’éléments linguistiques, sortes d’obus donnant vitalité aux idées et violence aux signifiants.

  13. Mesures de procédure spéciales et respect des droits de l'homme Rapport général

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John A.E. Vervaele

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Le but du rapport général est de mener une analyse comparative des rapports nationaux en vue de présenter les processus de transformation des systèmes de justice pénale internes, en particulier du procès pénal, étant donné que des mesures procédurales spéciales sont introduites pour appréhender le terrorisme et la criminalité organisée, et de voir si cela a conduit les pays à se départir de leur propres règles fondamentales, procédures, principes et standards des droits de l’homme applicables. Partant de la prémisse qu’un système intégré de droit pénal a trois dimensions – la protection des individus (la dimension de bouclier, la mise à disposition d’instruments d’application de la loi (la dimension d’épée et les contrôles et équilibres c’est-à-dire la séparation des pouvoirs (la dimension constitutionnelle – le rapport fournit un aperçu d’ensemble des transformations corrélées, surtout dans la procédure d’enquête préliminaire, qui les ont affectées toutes les trois dans trois vagues de « guerre » (contre la drogue, le crime organisé et le terrorisme. Dans beaucoup de pays, les garanties procédurales et les principes qui protègent contre la violation du droit à un procès équitable sont considérés comme un fardeau du point de vue de l’efficacité de l’application de la loi à la criminalité grave. Ces réformes se sont traduites par une claire extension de l’état répressif et un estompement des distinctions classiques, et ne favorisent pas la primauté du droit. La focalisation sur la sécurité publique et les investigations contraignantes préventives sapent le système de justice pénale. Avec l’usage croissant du système de justice criminelle comme instrument de régulation du présent et/ou de l’avenir plutôt que de sanction d’un comportement passé, et un procès pénal dans lequel l’enquête préliminaire ne concerne pas la recherche de la v

  14. Kierkegaard - le Philosophe, le Juge et le Droit (Kierkegaard – the Philosopher, the Judge and the Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ditlev Tamm

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Le fameux théologien et philosophe Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855 dans son oeuvre souvnt utilize expressions et metaphors pris du monde judiciare. Il pare, quíl est bien au courant quant´au monde des jurists de son age et place. La plupart des expressions sont pris du droit penal et de la procédure pénale. Le criminel comme individu ou l’objet de línterrogation et comme coupable es tun des ses images favorites. Dans ses oeuvres Ou-bien … Ou bien et Etapes su la chemin de la vie nous encontrons un juge danois avec la possibilité de suivre ses reflections sur son travail et l’éthique d’un repésentant de la justice locale. Le juge est une des masques sous lesquelles Kierkegaard s’adresse a nous. Les oeuvres de Kierkegaard et l’utilisation des expressions prises du monde du droit sont ici présentées dans un contexte contemporaire du doit et vie á Copenhague dans les années entre 1840 et 1855 en contrastant les différances entre le narrative de Kierkegaard selon lequel le doit peut server comme example et sur l’autre côté son concept transcendental de l’être coupable. The famous Danish theologian and existentialist philosopher Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855 in his work often used expressions or metaphors taken from judicial life, which reveals him as familiar with the legal world of his time and place. Most expressions are taken from penal law and penal procedure. The criminal as individual or the object of interrogation and guilt is one of his favorite images. In his Enten-Eller (Either/or and Stadier paa Livets Vej (Stages on Life’s Way we even meet a Danish judge and follow his reflections on his work and the ethics of a representative of local Justice. The judge is one of the masks under which Kierkegaard presents his thinking. Kierkegaard’s works and his use of expressions taken from the legal world are presented in the contemporary context of law and life in Copenhagen in the 1840ies however contrasting the

  15. Dépénalisation de l'homosexualité, droit européen, injure, jurisprudence, pénalisation de l'homosexualité, vie privée

    OpenAIRE

    Borrillo, Daniel; Formond, Thomas

    2003-01-01

    ouvrage publié avec le concours du centre national du livre; International audience; Analyse historique et juridique de la dépénalisation de l'homosexualité (droit européen, injure, jurisprudence, vie privée)

  16. La réforme post-conflit de la gouvernance foncière dans la région des Grands Lacs en Afrique. Partie III - Garantir les droits fonciers des petits exploitants paysans

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leeuwen, M. van; Kobusingye, D.; Justin, P.H.; Tchatchoua Djomo, R.; Dijk, J.W.M. van

    2016-01-01

    Dans les contextes post-conflits, la sécurisation des droits fonciers des petits exploitants locaux est d'une importance majeure en vue de réduire et de prévenir les litiges ou conflits fonciers, de contribuer au rétablissement des moyens de subsistance en milieu rural, et d’améliorer la production

  17. Giornalismo investigativo, vittime e diritto di cronaca / Journalisme d’investigation, victimes et droit de chronique / Investigative journalism, victims and right to report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bravo Fabio

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyzes the role and the characteristics of the investigative journalism along with its relationship with other disciplines, as sociology, criminology and victimology on one side, and law on the other side. Special focus is on the method and the techniques used by the investigative journalist and on the convergence between investigative journalism, law and social research. About the relationship between journalism and victims, the author proposes a new classification, which can be used to better identify and study different fields of research. This classification can also help the investigative journalism to work with a new approach, based on victimology. In the final part of the essay, the author focuses on the functions of "the right to report" and the investigative journalism, in the light of the significant judgments pronounced by Italian courts (in particular, Italian Supreme Court of Cassation, 3rd Civil Section, No. 16326/2010. Cet article vise à examiner les caractéristiques et le rôle du journalisme d’investigation ainsi que sa relation avec, d’un côté, d’autres disciplines comme la sociologie, la criminologie et la victimologie, et, de l'autre, le droit. Une attention particulière est accordée à la méthode et aux techniques utilisées par le journaliste d’investigation de même que sur la convergence entre journalisme, droit d’investigation et recherche sociale. À propos de la relation entre le journalisme et les victimes, l’auteur suggère une nouvelle classification qui peut être utilisée afin de mieux identifier et étudier les différents domaines de la recherche sur le sujet. Cette classification peut également servir à développer une nouvelle approche de travail pour le journalisme d’investigation, fondée sur la victimologie. Dans la dernière partie de l’article, l’auteur met en évidence les fonctions du « droit de chronique » du journalisme d’investigation, à la lumière des

  18. Les commissions de vérité : une alternative au droit ? AreTruth Commissions an alternative to criminal law?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandrine Lefranc

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Les « commissions de vérité » sont, pour certains de leurs promoteurs, l’incarnation d’une alternative au droit pénal dans un contexte de sortie de conflit politique violent. Pour d’autres, elles s’intègrent sans mal au développement du droit pénal international. La prise en compte de l’histoire du modèle et des groupes d’experts qui le portent peuvent éclairer cette discussion. L’ambivalence du rapport entre commissions et droit s’explique, en premier lieu, par l’évolution qu’ont connue tant les dispositifs mis en place à l’échelle locale que le modèle promu par de nombreux acteurs internationaux : d’élément d’une politique visant à faire accepter l’absence de poursuites contre les responsables de la violence, les commissions en sont venues à incarner une scène de justice alternative, une justice restauratrice. Dans le même temps, des efforts ont été faits par les experts de la « justice transitionnelle » pour intégrer le modèle à un ensemble plus large d’outils, en partie juridiques, qui n’ont abouti qu’à une très partielle « juridicisation ».Truth Commissions are seen either as an alternative to criminal law in a post-conflict situation or as a component of international criminal law development. To better understand what truth commissions are, we need to take a look at their history and to know who are their promoters. If their relation to law is not clear, it is, on one hand, because the tool has changed: a former component of a Realpolitik designed to legitimate amnesty laws benefiting to the perpetrators, it is now seen as an alternative kind of justice, a restorative one. On the other hand, « transitional justice » experts have tried, with only a partial success, to make truth commissions a part of post-conflict legal tools package. The articulation between truth commissions and law remain unclear  and ambiguous.

  19. L’abolition de l’esclavage au Sénégal : entre plasticité du droit colonial et respect de l’Etat de droit The Abolition of Slavery in Senegal: between the Flexibility of colonial Law and the Respect of the Rule of Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mamadou Badji

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Le décret du 27 avril 1848 est généralement présenté comme la base de la législation abolitionniste de l’esclavage dans les colonies. Cet axiome a commandé jusqu’ici toute l’interprétation de ce texte français. Or, il s’agit là d’une pure pétition de principe. En effet, notre étude nous conduit à des conclusions différentes de celles qui sont communément admises et enseignées aujourd’hui. Il ressort de nos investigations archivistiques que les principes du droit colonial s’inscrivent moins dans ce qui est proclamé par les textes que dans la mise en œuvre réelle des dispositions juridiques. Le droit colonial exprime un phénomène de domination, même si en l’occurrence l’abolition de l’esclavage va, bien sûr, à l’encontre de ce phénomène. L’assimilation est donc une donnée de la domination, et non le principe premier de l’entreprise coloniale. C’est à cette démonstration préliminaire qu’a été consacré le présent travailLe Sénégal, devenu indépendant, a le bonheur de réaliser le triomphe des droits naturels, « les pouvoirs et libertés que l’individu isolé possède dans l’état de Nature ». Le droit sénégalais opte non pour un retour à l’esclavage, à des pratiques attentatoires à la liberté et à la dignité des personnes, mais pour l’émancipation humaine et la démocratie.

  20. Système informel de justice tének: obstacle ou appui pour l'exercice des droits de l'enfant?

    OpenAIRE

    Huerta Rosas Castro, Lya; Stoecklin, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    L’objectif de la recherche était d’étudier la situation que vivent les enfants dans les systèmes de justice informels, son rapport avec les standards internationaux des droits de l’enfant et le rôle joué par les représentations sociales de l’enfance. Une communauté autochtone tének a été étudiée par le biais d’une enquête sur le terrain qui a inclus la réalisation d’entretiens avec de nombreux acteurs, y compris des autorités autochtones et des enfants. Ceci a été renforcé par une revue de la...

  1. Modèle de frottement pour l'analyse du freinage en ligne droite d'un véhicule léger

    OpenAIRE

    Do, Minh Tan

    2005-01-01

    L'article présente un modèle frottement-vitesse pour le contact pneumatique/chaussée. La formulation du modèle est basée sur une description de la courbe de Stribeck. Ses paramètres sont exprimés en fonction des grandeurs mesurables liées au pneumatique et à la chaussée. Le modèle est utilisé pour estimer des coefficients de frottement mobilisés lors du freinage en ligne droite d'un véhicule léger. La concordance entre la mesure et l'estimation est discutée. This paper presents a friction-...

  2. Sciences juridiques et complexité.Un nouveau modèle d’analyse Legal Sciences and Complexity. A New Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danièle Bourcier

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Il est d’usage de dire que le droit devient de plus en plus complexe. Les institutions qui le régulent ont tenté d’agir sur les causes de ce phénomène et d’en endiguer les effets. Mais d’où vient ce sentiment d’un accroissement critique de la complexité normative ? Au-delà des remèdes apportés par les juristes, peut-on aller plus loin dans l’étude du droit comme système complexe ? Depuis quelques années, un nouveau champ disciplinaire se construit sous le thème Droit et Systèmes complexes. En effet, les sciences des systèmes complexes se sont développées dans beaucoup de disciplines, des sciences de l’univers à la biologie : nous faisons l’hypothèse que ce que l’on peut définir comme un nouveau modèle d’analyse apporte des représentations inédites de la complexité du droit permettant non seulement d’en découvrir les causes mais de faire émerger des conceptualisations plus pertinentes pour la comprendre et la gérer.We used to say that Law is becoming more and more complex. Legal institutions tried to act on the causes and to limit the effects. But from where does the feeling of a critical increasing of the normative complexity come? Beyond the remedies brought by lawyers, can we go further in the study of Law as a complex system?Since several years, a new field has emerged under the term of Law and complex systems. Indeed the sciences of complex systems have been developed in many disciplines from physics to biology: we do the hypothesis that these sciences can bring new representations to the legal complexity allowing for revealing the reasons but also to find out more relevant conceptualizations and tools.

  3. Le droit comme outil de maintien en emploi : rôle protecteur, rôle destructeur ? Law as an employment maintenance mechanism: protective role, destructive role? El derecho como una herramienta para conservar el empleo: rol protector, rol destructor?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Lippel

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet article explore les pratiques juridiques et de gestion appliquées au Québec à l’égard des personnes atteintes d’incapacité de travail en raison d’une lésion professionnelle. Il débute par un examen des facteurs associés au succès du retour au travail rapportés dans la littérature des sciences de réadaptation, notamment les études sur la réinsertion précoce. Ensuite, il examine le droit régissant la réadaptation professionnelle, ainsi que son application par les employeurs et la Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CSST à la lumière des principales conclusions de la littérature en ce qui concerne les facteurs qui facilitent le retour au travail et ceux qui y font obstacle. On conclut que le droit lui-même crée peu d’obstacles à la mise en œuvre d’un retour au travail réussi ; par contre, les pratiques de gestion et de traitement des litiges entourant la mise en œuvre de ce droit peuvent compromettre le succès du retour au travail des personnes ayant subi une lésion professionnelle.This article examines Québec legal and management practices regarding workers disabled due to a work-related injury. The article begins by reviewing key issues raised in the rehabilitation literature with regard to factors that favour a successful return to work after injury, including studies on early return to work. It then examines Québec workers’ rehabilitation legislation and its application by employers and the workers’ compensation board (CSST in light of the key findings from the literature regarding facilitators and obstacles to a successful return to work. It concludes that while the legislation itself creates few obstacles for a successful return to work, current practices in the management and handling of cases involving the implementation of this law may diminish the chances of successful return to work for injured workers.Este artículo explora las prácticas jurídicas y de gesti

  4. Le contrôle juridictionnel de la rétention administrative devant la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme : un contrôle au conditionnel

    OpenAIRE

    Palluel, Christelle

    2016-01-01

    L’article 5§4 prévoit que les personnes privées de liberté ont le droit d’introduire un recours devant un tribunal afin qu’il statue à bref délai sur la légalité de la détention et ordonne la libération le cas échéant. Saisie de l’étendue que doit revêtir ce contrôle juridictionnel pour les personnes étrangères placées en rétention administrative, la Cour européenne des Droits de l’Homme, dans un arrêt A.M. contre France du 12 juillet 2016, condamne la France au motif que le juge administrati...

  5. Le maintien en emploi du salarié handicapé : effets et limites de l’obligation d’accommodement raisonnable en droit québécois

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Au Québec, l’obligation d’accommodement raisonnable, corollaire du droit à l’égalité consacré par les chartes des droits de la personne, a pris une ampleur telle qu’elle confère aujourd’hui aux salariés handicapés une véritable protection du lien d’emploi. Dans la première partie de l’article, l’auteure expose le changement de paradigme résultant de cette évolution jurisprudentielle et circonscrit les paramètres de l’obligation d’accommodement raisonnable qui incombe à l’employeur à l’égard d...

  6. Attitudes, experiences, et performance en mathematique d'etudiantes et d'etudiants de cinquieme secondeire selon leur choix scolaire. Les cahiers de recherche de GREMF. Cahier 9. (Female and Male Students' Attitudes, Experiences and Performance in Mathematics in Grade ll, According to Their Academic Choices. GREMF Research Reports. Report 9).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mura, Roberta; And Others

    In order to advance our understanding of the mechanisms through which women come to be underrepresented in mathematics and science, factors associated with the academic choices of students in three grade ll classes were studied. Information was gathered through questionnaires, interviews with students and with their mathematics teachers, classroom…

  7. Fédéralisme et droits des LGBT aux États-Unis et au Canada : analyse comparatives des politiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Smith

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available L’article examine le militantisme LGBT et les résultats des politiques en matière de droit pénal et du mariage entre personnes de même sexe de 1969 à aujourd’hui, dans le cadre d’une analyse comparée du fédéralisme aux États-Unis et au Canada. Nous soutiendrons que le fédéralisme a grandement façonné les politiques publiques relatives aux droits des LGBT. Dans le régime américain, le potentiel d’expansion du fédéralisme a favorisé les changements graduels de politiques dans les États et, parallèlement, les multiples points de véto créés par le système de séparation des pouvoirs conjugués aux compétences conférés aux États dans d’importants domaines de politiques ont entravé ces changements de politiques. Dans le régime canadien, la centralisation des mécanismes de protection des droits de la personne dans la Charte de même que la dynamique descendante de l’exercice du pouvoir dans le régime parlementaire de type Westminster ont facilité les changements de politiques. Le fédéralisme est souvent perçu comme un obstacle à l’adoption de politiques progressistes. La répartition des pouvoirs entrave l’élaboration de politiques cohérentes et prête le flanc à la prolifération de vétos dont peuvent se prévaloir des groupes influents pour freiner le changement. Les critiques de cette perspective arguent depuis longtemps que, même si le fédéralisme multiplie les points de véto, il présente aussi de nombreuses possibilités d’innovation. Ils font valoir que les groupes ont plus de poids dans les régimes fédéraux puisqu’ils peuvent exercer leur influence à deux paliers de gouvernement plutôt qu’à un. Ainsi, un groupe qui ne réussit pas à se faire entendre à l’un des paliers pourra tenter sa chance au second et pourra même dresser un palier contre l’autre pour atteindre ses objectifs stratégiques.

  8. Le droit coutumier dans la société yéménite : nature et développement

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    Rashâd al-'Âlîmî

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Ce chapitre traduit de l'ouvrage de Rashâd al-'Alîmi, La justice tribale yéménite, se concentre essentiellement sur la nature de la coutume au Yémen. L'auteur met en lumière ses origines anciennes et composites, notamment l'importance des coutumes anté-islamiques et le rôle des compilations élaborées plus tardivement dans un contexte politique tourmenté. Il examine ensuite les relations entre la coutume et le droit islamique (sharî'a, parfois contradictoires, par exemple sur la définition du statut personnel, et le plus souvent complémentaires. Ces relations complexes ne vont pas sans provoquer l'embarras du législateur yéménite contemporain. Pour compléter ce tableau, la nature des peines en droit coutumier, touchant aux corps ou aux biens, fait l'objet d'un exposé plus approfondi, qui s'achève sur un examen des circonstances aggravantes ou atténuantes.Customary Law in Yemen : Nature and DevelopmentThis chapter is a translation from Rashâd al-'Alîmî's Tribal justice in Yemeni Society, which mainly focuses on the nature of custom in Yemen. The author highlights the different and ancient origins of custom, especially the importance of pre-Islamic customs and later works of customary norms, compiled in a turbulent political context. He then examines the relations between custom and Islamic law (sharî'a, as being sometimes contradictory (for example as regards the definition of personal status, but more often complementary. These complex relations complicate the legislative work in contemporary Yemen. The chapter concludes with an examination of customary norms in regard to the nature of penalties for damaging bodily integrity and goods and an exposition of the nature of aggravating and mitigating circumstances in customary law.

  9. Le droit musulman en pratique : genre, filiation et bioéthique Islamic Jurisprudence in Practice: Gender, Filiation and Bioethics

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    Corinne Fortier

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Les modifications récentes des Codes de statut personnel ou pénal de certains pays musulmans qui touchent en particulier au mariage, au divorce, à l’adultère et aux crimes d’honneur réinterrogent les notions fondamentales que sont la dot, le lien conjugal, l’autorité des hommes, le contrôle de la sexualité des femmes. De plus, les réformes législatives liées à « l’adoption », aux procréations médicalement assistées, au désaveu et à la reconnaissance de paternité, à l’usage de tests ADN, font apparaître le rapport du biologique et du social dans la détermination de la filiation en islam. Par ailleurs, les nouvelles questions de bioéthique comme la contraception, l’avortement, ou encorele don d’organes, ont amené les juristes musulmans à émettre des avis juridiques (fatâwâ sur ces questions inédites en puisant leurs réponses dans l’esprit des textes de droit musulman classique. Le droit musulman (fiqh loin d’être intangible et immuable, comme on a tendance à le penser, se situe dans une dynamique pragmatique et évolutive permanente ainsi que le montre la diversité des avis juridiques produits par les juristes musulmans sur des questions sans cesse renouvelées.Recent modifications of personal status and of penal codes in some Muslim countries question fundamental patriarchal ideas and practices about marriage such as bridewealth, conjugal relations, male authority and sexual control of women. These modifications specifically concern weddings, divorce, adultery, and honor crimes. Furthermore, legislative reforms connected to «adoption», medically assistedprocreation, denial or recognition of paternity, use of genetic tests, illustrate the relation of biological and social in the determination of filiation in Islam. Besides, new questions of bioethics such as contraception, abortion, or organ donation, have led Muslim jurists to express legal opinions (fatâwâ on these new questions while

  10. The changing face of law after the events of 1968… or when law meets politics Introduction to the Mouvement Critique du Droit

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    Martine Kaluszynski

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyse the origins, the development and the long-term impact of the Critical Legal Movement (Mouvement Critique du Droit. Created some thirty years ago, this Movement resulted from the collective mobilisation of legal experts and political scientists across French cities (e.g., Lyon, Montpellier, Saint-Etienne, Toulouse and Paris. Referring mainly to Marxist theories, the Critical Legal Movement argued that law is deeply embedded in its social and its political context, and should thus be analysed through an interdisciplinary approach. Building on this critical perspective, the Movement developed a scientific project and teaching methods, which both differed from and opposed the way in which law was traditionally taught and studied in French Law Faculties. The Movement itself no longer exists, but it nevertheless had far-reaching consequences on the study of law. Indeed, the Critical Legal Movement was an opportunity to successfully explore alternative teaching methods and to create high quality research institutions. Este artículo pretende analizar los orígenes, el desarrollo y el impacto a largo plazo del Movimiento Crítico del Derecho (Mouvement Critique du Droit. Creado hace unos treinta años, este movimiento surgió de la movilización colectiva de juristas y politólogos de diferentes ciudades francesas (como Lyon, Montpellier, Saint-Etienne, Toulouse y París. Haciendo referencia principalmente a teorías marxistas, el Movimiento Crítico del Derecho argumentaba que el derecho está profundamente arraigado en su contexto social y político, y por lo tanto se debe analizar desde un enfoque interdisciplinario. Partiendo de esta perspectiva crítica, el movimiento desarrolló un proyecto científico y métodos educativos, que diferían y se oponían al sistema de enseñanza y estudio del derecho en las facultades de derecho francesas. El movimiento en sí mismo ya no existe, pero sin embargo, tuvo

  11. Educational Research in Relation to the Rights of the Child (Les Sciences De L'Education en Relation Aux Droits De L'Enfant).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Herreweghe, M. L., Ed.

    This collection of 24 articles explores how educational research, programs and policies in several countries are related to the issue of children's rights. Several of the collected articles focus on aspects of children's experience and development. Group membership, children's right to happiness, the development of an optimistic outlook among…

  12. Hématome spontané du méso de l'angle colique droit et du colon transverse compliquant un traitement par anti vitamine K: à propos d'un cas et revue de la littérature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traoré, Ibrahim Alain; Zaré, Cyprien; Barro, Sié Drissa; Guibla, Ismaël

    2016-01-01

    L'hématome spontané du méso de l'angle colique droit et du transverse est une complication rare du traitement anticoagulant par antivitamine K. Nous rapportons un cas d'hématome spontané du méso de l'angle colique droit et du transverse associé à un hémopéritoine de grande abondance chez un patient traité par antivitamine K pour embolie pulmonaire consécutive à une fracture des plateaux tibiaux droits. Le diagnostic doit être fait en urgence. L’échographie abdominale et la tomodensitométrie confirment le diagnostic. Le traitement non opératoire est la règle. Le traitement chirurgical est indiqué en cas de complications telles que la rupture de l'hématome. PMID:27217878

  13. Le sort des répudiations musulmanes dans l’ordre juridique français. Droit et idéologie(s Muslim Repudiations in the French Legal System: Law and Ideologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Claude Najm

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Mode de dissolution du mariage exclusivement tributaire de la volonté unilatérale du mari, la répudiation islamique heurte le principe d’égalité des époux qui fait partie des valeurs fondamentales du droit français. Quel est alors le sort réservé, dans l’ordre juridique français, aux répudiations prononcées à l’étranger en application du droit musulman ? À cet égard, l’évolution de la jurisprudence française au cours des trente dernières années révèle un durcissement des exigences de l’ordre public, au terme d’un parcours erratique oscillant entre la reconnaissance et le rejet. Cette évolution en dents de scie qui semble aujourd’hui stabilisée n’est pas réellement surprenante, tant les impératifs en jeu sont délicats à mettre en œuvre. En effet, l’accueil réservé à la répudiation de droit musulman en France dévoile, au-delà de la technique juridique, un double conflit de valeurs. Sur le terrain du droit international privé, il met en lumière le tiraillement entre deux impératifs : celui de préserver la cohésion et les valeurs de l’ordre juridique français d’une part, celui de favoriser l’harmonie internationale des solutions d’autre part. Ensuite et surtout, sur un terrain proprement idéologique, la question touche à la conception même que l’on se fait des droits de l’homme dans les relations entre systèmes juridiques de traditions culturelles différentes ; elle oppose alors les tenants du relativisme culturel à ceux qui prônent la vocation des droits de l’homme à l’universalité.A form of marriage dissolution initiated exclusively and unilaterally by the husband, Islamic repudiation tests the principle of equality between spouses that figures among the fundamental values of French law. What status does French law accord repudiations pronounced abroad under Islamic law? The development of French jurisprudence on this question over the past thirty years shows a

  14. Le droit comme lieu de rencontre entre le communautarisme et le libéralisme Law as Mediator between Communitarianism and Liberalism El derecho como punto de encuentro entre liberalismo y comunitarismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Perez Valerga

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Partant d’une perspective aristotélicienne, l’auteur expose l’application du droit à des cas péruviens qui sont ensuite comparés aux approches développées dans la troisième critique kantienne. L’article se conclut par des réflexions sur le rôle du droit comme médiateur. Cette approche permet à la fois de distinguer la rationalité technique de la morale ainsi que d’illustrer le rôle articulateur du droit dans la formation d’une volonté politique universelle.The article begins by exploring an Aristotelian application of universal law to particular concrete cases from Peru, and subsequently comparing that approach with the aesthetics of the third Kantian critique.  Both the virtue of prudence and reflexive judgment allow us to distinguish between technical and moral rationality, and to reveal the mediating role of law in the formation of a universal political will.El artículo expone el tema de la aplicación del derecho a los casos singulares desde una perspectiva aristotélica, primero, y luego la compara con la estética de la tercera crítica kantiana, para concluir con algunas reflexiones sobre el papel mediador del derecho. Así, por un lado, acerca la prudencia al juicio reflexionante y ayuda a distinguir la racionalidad técnica de la moral y, por el otro, muestra el papel articulador del derecho en la formación de una voluntad política universal.

  15. Rapport. Sur le droit à l’appréciation critique et sur les restrictions légitimes de l’importunité de l'homosexualité

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    Igor V. Ponkine

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans le présent Rapport on entend par la notion “homosexualité” sa plus large et spécifique signification en tant que “l’ideologie de l'homosexualisme”.SOMMAIRE: Introduction - 1. Argumentation du droit à l’évaluation critique de l'homosexualité et de ses aspects sociaux - 2. Caractère agressif de l'idéologie de l'homosexualisme - 3. Atteinte cruelle et inhumaine de lésions corporelles portée à l’individu, les dommages à sa santé dans la pratique de l'homosexualité ”masculine” - 4. Sur la manipulation par les chiffres - 5.  Mythe sur la discriminations massives des homosexuels - 6. Violation des Droits de l’Homme et insulte à la dignité humaine pendant les ”gay parades” - 7. Normes de la législation étrangère, émanant de la reconnaissance par l'État des méfaits sociaux de l'homosexualité - 8. Positions juridiques de la Cour Européenne des Droits de l'Homme ayant le point d’impact sur l’élaboration des solutions à propos des questions à discuter - 9. Contradiction à ”l’Ordre public” de la Fédération de Russie des exigences d'établir des régimes juridiques privilégiés pour les homosexuels et leurs groupements et de poursuivre pour toute critique de l'homosexualité – 10. Conclusions.

  16. Droit de la filiation et procréation médicalisée : une coexistence difficile Law of filiation and medically assisted procreation: difficult coexistence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-France Nicolas-Maguin

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Les techniques médicales ont le pouvoir de bouleverser le processus de la procréation. Le médecin en devient un acteur essentiel. Cette désincarnation de la procréation atteint les concepts de la filiation plus ou moins largement à travers deux ruptures, la rupture du lien entre procréation et sexualité et la rupture temporelle que permet la congélation des gamètes et de l’embryon. Il appartient à la loi d’intégrer ou d’ignorer ces atteintes. Le droit français a fait le choix de l’intégration sélective puisque la procréation médicalement assistée est considérée comme un remède à la stérilité pathologique et non un mode alternatif de reproduction. Ce choix recèle des contradictions qui illustrent la difficulté de l’exercice.Medical technology has the power drastically impact the procreation process. The doctor becomes a major actor in this process. This disembodiment of procreation more or less affects the filiation concepts through two “kinds of breaking”, breaking the link between procreation and sexuality and breaking the temporal link made possible by freezing gamets and embryo. It is task of the law to incorporate or ignore these gaps. French law has chosen selective integration since medically assisted procreation is considered as a remedy to pathological sterility and not as an alternative mode of reproduction. This choice hides contradictions showing how difficult this exercise is.

  17. Praxéologie du droit de la copropriété au Maroc : Radiographie ethno-méthodologique d’une résidence à Tanger

    OpenAIRE

    Gignoux, Stéphane

    2015-01-01

    Cette contribution, basée sur notre double fonction de syndic et chercheur dans la ville de Tanger, propose une interrogation sur les liens entre droit et régulation dans le contexte marocain de la copropriété. Elle prend comme point de référence l’ensemble immobilier multifonctions « Tanger Boulevard », récemment construit et soumis au statut de la copropriété des immeubles bâtis. A partir d’une observation participante, la contribution entend décrire le jeu des acteurs à l’occasion de la pr...

  18. Michel Massé, Jean-Paul Jean et André Guidicelli (dir., Un droit pénal postmoderne ? Mise en perspective des évolutions et ruptures contemporaines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginie Gautron

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Les recherches portant sur les évolutions du système pénal sont foisonnantes, preuve en est le nombre pléthorique d’articles, d’ouvrages et de rapports de recherche consacrés au sujet. Juristes, sociologues, historiens et politologues rendent compte des mutations profondes qui affectent le système pénal depuis quelques décennies. Leurs travaux témoignent d’évolutions diverses : hybridation des régulations (internationalisation et européanisation du droit pénal et de la justice pénale, partici...

  19. Science and Science Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oravetz, David

    2005-01-01

    This article is for teachers looking for new ways to motivate students, increase science comprehension, and understanding without using the old standard expository science textbook. This author suggests reading a science fiction novel in the science classroom as a way to engage students in learning. Using science fiction literature and language…

  20. Reflections on Droit de Suite Legislation in China%追续权入法问题探讨——对著作权法修改草案引入追续权的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余丽萍; 程凌

    2015-01-01

    Droit de suite, as an important matter in the third amendment to the copyright law in China, has aroused great attention and discussion in the legal circles. Given the status quo of our artistic work market, theoretical foundation and the investigation before legislation, conditions are not ready for droit de suite legislation in China. Moreover, this legislation may bring about negative effects. Therefore, we should take a cautious and rational attitude to it.%追续权作为我国著作权法第三次修改的重要内容,引起了学界的广泛讨论.虽然国内众多学者支持追续权入法,但从我国艺术品市场现状、理论基础、集体管理组织的发展状况、立法前的调查分析等方面来看,我国当前尚不具备追续权入法的相关条件;此外,目前著作权法引入追续权制度可能造成一定的负面影响.因此,对于追续权的入法,应持谨慎理性的态度.

  1. Comment on Legislative Barriers of Droit de suite of Works Property Rights in China%我国著作财产追续权立法障碍评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁世华; 刘远山

    2013-01-01

    With the copyright law revised, droit de suite is increasingly demanded to be part of law. However, the entrance of droit de suite into China's copyright law is blocked by the barriers of law enforcement:information acquisition art work transfer and rights claim pattern. If these obstacles are not removed, it cannot be readily enforced even if it enters the law system. Though theoretically justified, the practical operability shall be taken into account.%在著作权法修订之际,关于追续权入法的呼声日隆。然而,将追续权纳入中国著作权法,尚需解决其执法障碍,即美术作品转让的信息获取问题和权利主张模式,如果这些障碍不解决,即使入法,也缺乏可操作性。理论上的正当性,也需要考虑到实际操作上的可行性。

  2. État de droit, qualité de la démocratie et gouvernance démocratique au Pérou Rule of Law, Democratic Values and Democratic Governance in Peru Gobierno De La Ley, Calidad De La Democracia Y Gobernabilidad Democrática En El Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Aragón Trelles

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article analyse la relation entre l’État de droit (rule of law, l’administration de la justice, la qualité démocratique et la gouvernance démocratique au Pérou. Ce thème est incontournable puisque la majorité des travaux contemporains en sciences politiques (qui débattent et évaluent la qualité des régimes démocratiques reconnaissent la prévalence du système juridique – effectivité, prévisibilité, équivalence pour tous, capacité d’imposer la justice – sur les trajectoires des régimes (O´Donnell 2004; Morlino y Diamond 2005; Levine y Molina 2007. La première section de ce travail aborde l’intérêt que présente une lecture politiste du développement du droit et des lois ainsi que de leur impact sur la société. La seconde section présente et questionne les diverses interprétations du concept de rule of lawdans les champs de la qualité de la démocratie et gouvernabilité démocratique. Cette section ouvre également la discussion sur les approches qui articulent État de droit et fonctionnement des régimes démocratiques. La troisième et dernière section dresse la situation juridique du Pérou contemporain.This article analyzes the relation between the rule of law, the administration of justice, democratic values and democratic governance in Peru.  This theme is unavoidable since most contemporary works in political science (discussing and evaluating the democratic principles of regimes acknowledge the prevailing role of the legal system – effectiveness, consistency, equal protection, capacity to enforce the law – on the trajectory of regimes (O’Donnell 2004; Morlino and Diamond 2005; Levine and Molina 2007.  The first section of the present work considers the merits of a political analysis of the development of law and laws from the standpoint of their impact on society.  The second section presents and interrogates diverse interpretations of the concept rule of law in the fields of

  3. Science in Science Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allday, Jonathan

    2003-01-01

    Offers some suggestions as to how science fiction, especially television science fiction programs such as "Star Trek" and "Star Wars", can be drawn into physics lessons to illuminate some interesting issues. (Author/KHR)

  4. Aspects of the Management of the Rising Life Comparing Islamic Law and the Laws of Modern Muslim States De la manière de considérer l’aube de la vie : une comparaison entre droit musulman et droits des États musulmans contemporains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusch Atighetchi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The author presents leading Muslim positions on issues of contraception, abortion, medically assisted reproduction, cloning and stem cells. This article demonstrates the complexity and heterogeneity of the rulings of “classical” Islamic law as well as those of contemporary judges. It deals as well with the social consequences of the new reproductive technologies. The diversity of the legal positions taken by different Muslim states derives from a rich legal tradition, from which may yet develop very diverse legislative approaches to matters related to reproduction.Sont présentées les principales positions musulmanes sur les thèmes relatifs à la contraception, l’avortement, la procréation artificielle, le clonage et les cellules souches. Cet article met ainsi en évidence la complexité et l’hétérogénéité des opinions énoncées par le droit musulman «classique» et par les opinions juridiques contemporaines. Il aborde également les conséquences sociales de l’utilisation des nouvelles technologies de procréation. Les différentes positions juridiques entre les États musulmans constituent des expressions dérivées d’un background juridique qui est en soi très riche et duquel peuvent se développer des législations très diverses relativement au sujet de la contraception, de l’avortement.…

  5. Suspension du droit et rétrécissement du politique : apothéose de l’État planétaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Cuenca De la Rosa

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available La dernière guerre du Golfe nous aiderait à interpréter mieux que n’importe quel autre signe ce qu’est objectivement ce début de millénaire. Sur le plan utopique (subjectif les idéologies néolibérales sous tutelle américaine tendent à l’universel fixé sur la démocratie et les droits de l’homme partout, simultanément à la planétarisation du marché. Une lecture même superficielle de notre réalité concrète qui tendrait à mettre au clair comment les habitants concrets du monde qui est le nôtre vivent ou survivent – en quoi consiste leur vie d’être vivants, pour reprendre à notre compte l’idée avancée par Michel Foucault à la fin de La volonté de savoir, lorsqu’il affirme que la modernité se caractérise par l’intrusion de la vie naturelle dans le champ politique – ne pourrait qu’infliger à cette belle prétention un ferme démenti. Dans ces conditions, parler toujours de politique en tant que contrat liant librement les pratiques sociales des différents individus des différents pays relève de la fiction.La reciente guerra del Golfo podría proporcionarnos, mejor que ningún otro fenómeno, las claves objetivas para interpretar el comienzo del nuevo siglo. En lo utópico (subjetivo, las variantes ideológicas neoliberales al amparo americano pretenden abarcar lo universal polarizado universalmente en la democracia y los derechos humanos al tiempo que el mercado alcanza una dimensión planetaria.Un análisis, siquiera superficial, de nuestro mundo real con vocación de esclarecer las reales condiciones de vida de los seres reales del mundo que nos ha tocado vivir – en qué consiste su vida como seres vivos, por retomar la idea sugerida por Michel Foucault al final de La voluntad de saber, cuando afirma que la modernidad se caracteriza por la irrupción de la vida natural en el ámbito político – acabaría irremediablemente impugnando con energía tan noble proyecto. En tales condiciones

  6. L’interprétation du droit par les juristes : la place de la délibération éthique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc-André Morency

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, il sera fait un bref rappel du modèle traditionnel d’interprétation des lois, toujours prescrit dans la doctrine, sinon épousé verbalement dans les tribunaux canadiens. Il sera démontré que ce modèle ne peut pas représenter toute la réalité du travail d’interprétation des juristes canadiens, pour plusieurs raisons. L’herméneutique, la sociologie critique, l’analyse du discours, prenant pour objet les textes législatifs, les jugements rendus, les arguments pratiques entendus, ont montré l’étendue du comportement réflexif réel, l’étendue du champ interprétatif visant les circonstances d’une cause. Les textes législatifs donnent de fait de plus en plus de place à l’interprétation des circonstances pertinentes à l’encadrement de l’action des justiciables. Sur un plan empirique, l’analyse des jugements, de même que les prises de position de juges lorsqu’ils s’expriment en dehors du forum judiciaire, mettent en évidence la variété des motifs effectivement pris en considération, l’espace considérable de délibération éthique impliquant de fait tous les interprètes, qu’ils soient simples citoyens d’une communauté, inspirés par l’un ou l’autre des ordres sociaux, ou acteurs spécialisés de l’ordre juridique. Cet article se propose d’examiner comment se produit actuellement, en droit canadien ou québécois, l’interprétation des juristes, dans des processus décisionnels réflexifs, en situations complexes, voire même dans la perspective du développement des institutions.After a brief reminder of the traditional model of statutory interpretation, still prescribed in doctrine, if not espoused verbally in Canadian courts, it will be shown that this model simply does not represent the reality of the interpretive work of practitioners and for several reasons. Hermeneutics, critical sociology, discourse analysis, taking for subject legislation, judgments rendered

  7. Rapport mondial sur l’Éducation, le droit à l’éducation. Vers l’Éducation pour tous, tout au long de la vie, UNESCO, 2000

    OpenAIRE

    Lanoue, Éric

    2012-01-01

    Cette livraison du Rapport mondial sur l’Éducation est la dernière du siècle précédent, la première de celui qui commence. À bien des égards, son titre complète celui de la conférence conjointement organisée par la Banque Mondiale, le Pnud, l’Unicef et l’Unesco à Jomtien en Thaïlande (1990). Il s’en inspire, mais seulement en partie ; viennent s’ajouter la notion de droit à l’Éducation, la préposition vers et le syntagme tout au long de la vie. Pourquoi ces ajouts, à quoi tient la composition...

  8. Aurélien Bernier, 2008, Le climat otage de la finance ou comment le marché boursicote avec les droits à polluer, Essai, Mille et une nuits, Paris, 164 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Béatrice Quenault

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet essai, au titre provocateur « Le climat otage de la finance ou comment le marché boursicote avec les droits à polluer », l’auteur, Aurélien Bernier, ancien membre d’Attac France et chargé de mission dans le domaine de l’environnement, décrypte le fonctionnement d’un nouveau compartiment de la finance internationale, la « finance carbone » constituée d’un ensemble de marchés où s’échangent les permis d’émission négociables ou les unités de réduction d’émissions, communément appelés « ...

  9. Le mariage et le divorce dans le Code marocain de la famille. Le nouveau droit à l’égalité entre l’homme et la femme Marriage and Divorce in Moroccan Family Law: The New Law on Equality between Men and Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwige Rude-Antoine

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available L’auteur se propose de faire une analyse de la dernière réforme du Code marocain de la famille. Elle rappelle que le droit familial marocain est lié aux textes sacrés et porte une attention plus particulière aux nouvelles dispositions relatives au mariage et au divorce. Elle s’interroge sur la volonté d’instaurer un droit familial plus égalitaire entre l’homme et la femme.The author proposes to analyze the most recent reform of Morocco’s family Code. She reminds us that Moroccan family law relies on sacred texts. She gives particular attention to new rulings regarding marriage and divorce, examining the prospects for a family law that is more egalitarian with respect to men and women.

  10. Dubouloz Julien et Ingold Alice (dir., Faire la preuve de la propriété : droits et savoirs en Méditerranée, Collection de l’École Française de Rome-452, École Française de Rome, 2012, 342 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Guichard

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, né de plusieurs rencontres entre historiens de diverses périodes, de l’Antiquité romaine au xixe siècle, rassemble onze études s’intéressant à la façon dont se règlent, dans divers pays du pourtour méditerranéen, appartenant pour certains au monde musulman, les conflits d’usage suscités par les questions d’appropriation des sols et des territoires. Ils ont souhaité articuler deux approches de la façon dont se définissent les droits sur le sol : celle du droit lui-même, qui défini...

  11. La réception en droit français des institutions familiales de droit musulman : vertus et faiblesses d’un compromis The Reception of Islamic Family Law in France: The Strengths and Weaknesses of a Compromise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Brunet

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Le propos de cette étude est de tenter de dégager le degré d’accueil du droit français à l’égard de pratiques et de normes musulmanes stigmatisées dans la société française. Le sort en France de quatre institutions familiales est ici envisagé : le mariage polygamique, la répudiation, l’interdiction de l’établissement forcé de la filiation hors mariage, l’interdiction de l’adoption. Le problème se pose devant les tribunaux français lorsqu’il s’agit de faire reconnaître en France une situation constituée à l’étranger. Ainsi du mariage polygamique, célébré dans un pays musulman, d’un homme qui ensuite a vécu et est décédé en France, ou encore de la répudiation prononcée au Maroc ou en Algérie d’une femme musulmane qui vit en France. La question est similaire lorsqu’il s’agit de faire établir la filiation d’un enfant qui, en vertu des règles de son statut de droit musulman, ne peut faire établir sa paternité hors mariage en justice ou être adopté par un individu français. Au stade de la réception de ces institutions musulmanes en France, c’est la question de leur conformité à l’ordre public international français qui est déterminante. En effet le mécanisme de l’ordre public international français fixe le seuil à partir duquel l’institution étrangère est rejetée.La position des juges est marquée par le souci de n’écarter l’application des règles étrangères qu’aux situations qui ont des liens étroits avec le territoire français. Cette conception « proximiste » de l’ordre public milite en faveur d’une approche relativiste des divergences entre les systèmes juridiques. Le compromis ainsi atteint présente l’avantage de la modération mais il peut aussi aboutir à un traitement discriminatoire de certains enfants laissés sans filiation. L’enfant abandonné dans un pays musulman et recueilli par un couple français ne peut en effet b

  12. Communicabilité des droits de l’homme : la Déclaration Universelle et sa mise en texte Human Rights and Communicability: the Universal Declaration as Text

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    Valérie Susana

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans quelle mesure la condition textuelle de la Déclaration des Droits de l’Homme intéresse-t-elle son statut public, et la portée universelle de sa question : celle de l’humanité dans l’homme et de ses droits ? L’article se propose d’illustrer l’apport qu’une philosophie de la communication étendue du dialogue au texte peut présenter à cet égard pour l’analyse du discours et de l’argumentation. Il s’agit d’appréhender le texte de la DUDH en tant que relation communicative dans le cadre rhétorique d’une adresse à un public. Après avoir montré l’importance du « devoir de dialogue » dans l’approche des droits de l’homme (Ethique de la discussion ; Nouvelle Rhétorique, l’article met en évidence l’intérêt d’un recours à l’analyse dialogique de l’interlocution pour restituer la dimension des concepts de « signifiance », « dialogisme » et « communicabilité », mais aussi pour les étendre au texte considéré comme communication publique virtuelle. La textualité est abordée à partir de la relation d’interrogation conjointe entre un auteur et un lecteur, invité à s’installer dans le « monde du texte » construit selon des catégories indiquant ce qu’il convient de chercher ou de promouvoir dans la réalité. On part de l’hypothèse selon laquelle le texte de la DUDH constitue une communication in absentia entre ses instances pragmatiques : une Autorité responsable et un Lectorat élargi aux dimensions d’une humanité, mise en question dans le texte comme « chose publique » (res publica. Le monde possible construit par la DUDH repose sur la question « catégoriale » d’une réalité humaine essentielle mise en cause dans une existence toujours menacée par la barbarie, à laquelle répondent les droits en tant que propositions « catégoriques ». Ce dispositif textuel soutient tant l’effet déclaratif que la communicabilité publique des droits

  13. Science or Science Fiction?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lefsrud, Lianne M.; Meyer, Renate

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the framings and identity work associated with professionals’ discursive construction of climate change science, their legitimation of themselves as experts on ‘the truth’, and their attitudes towards regulatory measures. Drawing from survey responses of 1077 professional......, legitimation strategies, and use of emotionality and metaphor. By linking notions of the science or science fiction of climate change to the assessment of the adequacy of global and local policies and of potential organizational responses, we contribute to the understanding of ‘defensive institutional work...

  14. Un milieu de travail diversifié : l’apport de l’obligation d’accommodement raisonnable selon le droit international et le droit canadien A diversified work environment : the contribution of the obligation for reasonable accommodation according to international law and Canadian law Un medio de trabajo diversificado : el aporte de la obligación de un acomodo razonable según el derecho internacional y el derecho canadiense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Verge

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available L’accommodement ou l’aménagement dit « raisonnable » : la diversité humaine du milieu de travail est distinctement subordonnée à une pratique en ce sens. L’enjeu : le droit au travail, surtout porté par le droit à l’égalité dans sa reconnaissance et son exercice. Cela implique, de la part de l’ordre juridique en cause, de prohiber la discrimination dans toutes les facettes de l’emploi et son corollaire, pour l’employeur, l’obligation d’accommoder raisonnablement la personne victime d’une telle discrimination. Quelle place le droit international et le droit canadien réservent-ils à cette obligation d’accommodement raisonnable ? Ceux-ci, dans leur sphère d’application respective, sont appelés à assurer le droit à l’égalité : ils doivent rendre possible la diversité dans le milieu de travail, en la protégeant spécifiquement, mais aussi la promouvoir par des mesures appropriées et des pratiques de gestion qui tiennent compte de la situation réelle des travailleurs en cause. La place des travailleurs handicapés dans les milieux de travail illustre, d’une façon particulière, la problématique.“Reasonable” accommodation : human diversity in the workplace is clearly subordinate to such a practice. The issue is the right to work, borne particularly by the right to equality in its recognition and its exercise. This means that the legal system in question must prohibit discrimination in all facets of employment, and its corollary, the employer’s duty to reasonably accommodate victims of such discrimination. What place is reserved in international law and Canadian law for this obligation for reasonable accommodation ? In their respective spheres of application, they are each called on to ensure the right to equality ; they not only have to allow the possibility of diversity in the workplace, by specifically protecting it, but they also have to promote it by appropriate measures and

  15. Communicating Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Nicholas

    2009-10-01

    Introduction: what this book is about and why you might want to read it; Prologue: three orphans share a common paternity: professional science communication, popular journalism, and literary fiction are not as separate as they seem; Part I. Professional Science Communication: 1. Spreading the word: the endless struggle to publish professional science; 2. Walk like an Egyptian: the alien feeling of professional science writing; 3. The future's bright? Professional science communication in the age of the internet; 4. Counting the horse's teeth: professional standards in science's barter economy; 5. Separating the wheat from the chaff: peer review on trial; Part II. Science for the Public: What Science Do People Need and How Might They Get It?: 6. The Public Understanding of Science (PUS) movement and its problems; 7. Public engagement with science and technology (PEST): fine principle, difficult practice; 8. Citizen scientists? Democratic input into science policy; 9. Teaching and learning science in schools: implications for popular science communication; Part III. Popular Science Communication: The Press and Broadcasting: 10. What every scientist should know about mass media; 11. What every scientist should know about journalists; 12. The influence of new media; 13. How the media represents science; 14. How should science journalists behave?; Part IV. The Origins of Science in Cultural Context: Five Historic Dramas: 15. A terrible storm in Wittenberg: natural knowledge through sorcery and evil; 16. A terrible storm in the Mediterranean: controlling nature with white magic and religion; 17. Thieving magpies: the subtle art of false projecting; 18. Foolish virtuosi: natural philosophy emerges as a distinct discipline but many cannot take it seriously; 19. Is scientific knowledge 'true' or should it just be 'truthfully' deployed?; Part V. Science in Literature: 20. Science and the Gothic: the three big nineteenth-century monster stories; 21. Science fiction: serious

  16. Science Fiction and Science Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanaugh, Terence

    2002-01-01

    Uses science fiction films such as "Jurassic Park" or "Anaconda" to teach science concepts while fostering student interest. Advocates science fiction as a teaching tool to improve learning and motivation. Describes how to use science fiction in the classroom with the sample activity Twister. (YDS)

  17. La Kafâla ou recueil légal des mineurs en droit musulman : une adoption sans filiation Kafâla – or Legal Guardianship of Minors in Islamic Law: Adoption without Filiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Le Boursicot

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available 1La kafâla ou recueil légal d’un mineur abandonné ou orphelin, mesure de protection de l’enfant reconnue par les conventions internationales, est réglementée dans certains pays de droit musulman, notamment l’Algérie et le Maroc, qui par ailleurs interdisent l’adoption en vertu de la sharia. De nombreuses familles françaises qui ont leurs origines dans ces deux pays y recueillent en toute légalité des enfants en kafâla. Mais la kafâla ne crée pas de lien de filiation au contraire de l’adoption, de sorte que l’enfant au regard du droit français ne fait pas partie de la famille qui l’a accueilli, d’où des difficultés administratives à la fois lors de l’entrée en France de ces enfants, mais également lors de leur séjour. En outre, le Parlement français a voté en 2001 une loi interdisant aux juges de prononcer l’adoption des enfants étrangers nés dans les pays où l’adoption est interdite : il en résulte que les enfants recueillis en kafâla issus pour la plupart de ces pays ne peuvent pas être adoptés par ceux qui les élèvent, en tout cas pas avant d’avoir acquis la nationalité française et pas avant cinq années.The kafâla, or legal guardianship of a minor who has been abandoned or orphaned, and a means of child protection recognized by international conventions, is regulated in certain Muslim law countries – notably Algeria and Morocco, which also prohibit adoption by virtue of sharia law. Many French families from these two countries take children into custody under the law (through kafâla. But unlike adoption, kafâla does not create a paternal tie, such that under French law the child is not part of his or her new family – giving rise to administrative problems at the point of the child’s entry into France, and also in the course of their residence. Moreover, in 2001, the French parliament passed a law prohibiting judges from granting adoptions to foreign children born in countries

  18. L’esprit du droit : modèle russe contre modèle français Sense of law : Russian model versus French model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chantal Kourilsky-Augeven

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Un stéréotype récurrent dans la littérature russe distingue entre un « esprit » ou « sens du droit » qui serait propre à la culture française et un « sens de la justice » qui serait propre à la culture russe. Cette distinction s’appliquerait au premier chef à une religion catholique qualifiée de juridique en ce qu’elle serait comptable des péchés et une religion orthodoxe davantage fondée sur l’amour. Mais le modèle traditionnel russe pris en compte par la littérature, l’histoire et l’anthropologie ne saurait être statique. Deux enquêtes menées auprès de populations d’adolescents et d’adultes en 1993 et 2000 montrent comment le modèle russe fondé sur la justice et la morale se juridicise et en arrive à rejoindre le modèle français sur plusieurs points.A recurring stereotype in Russian literature opposes a « sense of law » inherent to French culture to a « sense of justice » inherent to Russian culture.This distinction is first and foremost applied to a catholic religion qualified as legalistic due to a strict accounting of sins and an orthodox religion essentially based on love. But the traditional Russian model described by literature, history and anthropology is anything but static. Two research projects carried out among an adolescent and adult population sample in 1993 and 2000 show how a Russian model based on justice and morals is being judiciarized and is increasingly moving towards the French model on several accounts.

  19. Sandrine Dauphin, L’Etat et les droits des femmes. Des institutions au service de l’égalité ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Kiani

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Sandrine Dauphin, docteure en sciences politiques et enseignante à l’université Paris III, propose un petit ouvrage clair et précis sur les institutions de l’Etat français qui s’occupent de politiques spécifiques à l’égard des femmes depuis la seconde moitié des années 1960. Il retrace les processus qui ont conduit à la création de ces institutions et ceux qui ont permis leur maintien ou leur éviction et permet ainsi d’entrevoir la complexité des rapports et des forces en jeu dans la création...

  20. Sound Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sickel, Aaron J.; Lee, Michele H.; Pareja, Enrique M.

    2010-01-01

    How can a teacher simultaneously teach science concepts through inquiry while helping students learn about the nature of science? After pondering this question in their own teaching, the authors developed a 5E learning cycle lesson (Bybee et al. 2006) that concurrently embeds opportunities for fourth-grade students to (a) learn a science concept,…

  1. Le maintien en emploi du salarié handicapé : effets et limites de l’obligation d’accommodement raisonnable en droit québécois Retention of employment of disabled employees : effects and limitations of reasonable accommodation under Québec Law Mantenimiento en empleo del asalariado discapacitado : efectos y límites de la obligación de acomodamiento razonable en derecho quebequense

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Au Québec, l’obligation d’accommodement raisonnable, corollaire du droit à l’égalité consacré par les chartes des droits de la personne, a pris une ampleur telle qu’elle confère aujourd’hui aux salariés handicapés une véritable protection du lien d’emploi. Dans la première partie de l’article, l’auteure expose le changement de paradigme résultant de cette évolution jurisprudentielle et circonscrit les paramètres de l’obligation d’accommodement raisonnable qui incombe à l’employeur à l’égard d...

  2. Science Teaching in Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Brendan E.; Dopico, Eduardo

    2016-01-01

    Reading the interesting article "Discerning selective traditions in science education" by Per Sund, which is published in this issue of "CSSE," allows us to open the discussion on procedures for teaching science today. Clearly there is overlap between the teaching of science and other areas of knowledge. However, we must…

  3. Éléments de théorie sur les commissions de réforme du droit et l’innovation cognitive en matière de justice pénale : contributions conceptuelles de Michel Foucault et de Niklas Luhmann.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Dubé

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, nous nous appuyons sur une étude de cas, le cas du Comité canadien de la réforme pénale et correctionnelle (1969, pour penser théoriquement le rôle des commissions de réforme du droit par rapport aux conditions d’émergence des idées innovatrices en matière de justice pénale. Nos développements attribuent aux commissions de réforme du droit un rôle important dans l’institutionnalisation d’un système de pensée pouvant offrir une alternative à la rationalité pénale moderne.  In this article, we use a case-study on the Canadian Committee on penal and correctional reform (1969 to establish theoretical ideas regarding the role of law reform commissions in the process of creating cognitive innovation in the field of criminal law. We argue that law reform commissions can play a significant role in the process of institutionalising a system of thought that could offer an alternative to the actual modern penal rationality.

  4. Why Emotional Capital Matters in Education and in Labour? Toward an Optimal Exploitation of Human Capital and Knowledge Management

    OpenAIRE

    Gendron, Benedicte

    2004-01-01

    Approche pluridisciplinaire : économie et psychologie URL des Cahiers : http://mse.univ-paris1.fr/MSEFramCahier2004.htm; Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques, série rouge, n° 113, Paris : Université Panthéon-Sorbonne. ISSN 1624-0340; From the perspective of the Chicago school, there is no behaviour that can not be interpreted as economic. In this paper, through our conceptual framework named “Emotional Capital” (EC), I discuss the assertion in the perspective of an optimal constituti...

  5. The logic of two-level games with endogenous lobbying : the case of international environmental agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Haffoudhi, Houda

    2005-01-01

    URL des Cahiers :http://mse.univ-paris1.fr/MSEFramCahier2005.htm; Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques 2005.54 - ISSN : 1624-0340; International environmental agreements (IEAs) are increasingly important in a globalized economy. The aim of our paper is study the effect of political pressure groups-lobbies on the size and stability of IEAs. To this purpose we use the framework of two-level games to explain how national political situation influences the decisions of governments at the...

  6. Science Bubbles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent Fella; Pedersen, David Budtz

    2013-01-01

    Much like the trade and trait sof bubbles in financial markets,similar bubbles appear on the science market. When economic bubbles burst, the drop in prices causes the crash of unsustainable investments leading to an investor confidence crisis possibly followed by a financial panic. But when...... bubbles appear in science, truth and reliability are the first victims. This paper explores how fashions in research funding and research management may turn science into something like a bubble economy....

  7. Computer science

    CERN Document Server

    Blum, Edward K

    2011-01-01

    Computer Science: The Hardware, Software and Heart of It focuses on the deeper aspects of the two recognized subdivisions of Computer Science, Software and Hardware. These subdivisions are shown to be closely interrelated as a result of the stored-program concept. Computer Science: The Hardware, Software and Heart of It includes certain classical theoretical computer science topics such as Unsolvability (e.g. the halting problem) and Undecidability (e.g. Godel's incompleteness theorem) that treat problems that exist under the Church-Turing thesis of computation. These problem topics explain in

  8. Science Shops

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    1999-01-01

    The paper prsents the overall concept of science shops as practised in most of the European science shops and present the concept practised and some experience obtained at the Technical University of Denmark. An outline for the planning of new sceince shops is presented.......The paper prsents the overall concept of science shops as practised in most of the European science shops and present the concept practised and some experience obtained at the Technical University of Denmark. An outline for the planning of new sceince shops is presented....

  9. Life sciences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Day, L. (ed.)

    1991-04-01

    This document is the 1989--1990 Annual Report for the Life Sciences Divisions of the University of California/Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Specific progress reports are included for the Cell and Molecular Biology Division, the Research Medicine and Radiation Biophysics Division (including the Advanced Light Source Life Sciences Center), and the Chemical Biodynamics Division. 450 refs., 46 figs. (MHB)

  10. Soundsational Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrier, Sarah J.; Scott, Catherine Marie; Hall, Debra T.

    2012-01-01

    The science of sound helps students learn that sound is energy traveling in waves as vibrations transfer the energy through various media: solids, liquids, and gases. In addition to learning about the physical science of sound, students can learn about the sounds of different animal species: how sounds contribute to animals' survival, and how…

  11. Deconstructing Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trifonas, Peter Pericles

    2012-01-01

    In this paper I expand on the premises of Jesse Bazzul's thesis in his paper, "Neoliberal ideology, global capitalism, and science education: engaging the question of subjectivity," exploring the implications of the ideologies within the culturally emerging logic of science exposes the incommensurability of intents and purposes in its methods and…

  12. WHEN DISCIPLINES COLLIDE: POLYGAMY AND THE SOCIAL SCIENCES ON TRIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jodi Lazare

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This article draws on the Supreme Court of British Columbia’s Reference re: Section 293 of the Criminal Code of Canada [the Polygamy Reference] as a concrete example of the benefits and limitations of intense judicial reliance on social science evidence in the adjudication of constitutional rights and freedoms at the trial level. By examining the evidence tendered, I suggest that the current adversarial model of adjudication is illsuited to combining the legal and the social scientific endeavours. The divergent values, methodologies and objectives of the legal and scientific enterprises severely limit the benefits that the former can yield, thus compromising the effectiveness and utility of the courts for social groups whose claims are heavily grounded in non-legal evidence. Further, I argue that the vast amounts of contradictory evidence typically tendered in rights challenges, as well as the complex and controversial nature of Charter questions and the inevitable need for judges to adjudicate values, risk resulting in undue deference to the legislator, hinder the delivery of justice and ultimately undermine the raison-d’être of Charter litigation.   Cet article concerne le renvoi porté devant la Cour suprême de la Colombie-Britannique au sujet de l’article 293 du Code criminel [Polygamy Reference – renvoi sur la polygamie], qui constitue un exemple concret des avantages et inconvénients de l’utilisation intensive des éléments de preuve relevant des sciences sociales dans la détermination des droits et libertés constitutionnels en première instance. En examinant les éléments de preuve présentés, j’affirme dans cet article que le modèle actuel de règlement des litiges, qui repose sur l’approche accusatoire, se prête mal à la combinaison des démarches juridiques et de celles qui relèvent des sciences sociales. Les valeurs, méthodologies et objectifs divergents des démarches juridiques et scientifiques

  13. [Basic science and applied science].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Tamayo, R

    2001-01-01

    A lecture was presented by the author at the Democratic Opinion Forum on Health Teaching and Research, organized by Mexico's National Health Institutes Coordinating Office, at National Cardiology Institute "Ignacio Chavez", where he presented a critical review of the conventional classification of basic and applied science, as well as his personal view on health science teaching and research. According to the author, "well-conducted science" is that "generating reality-checked knowledge" and "mis-conducted science" is that "unproductive or producing 'just lies' and 'non-fundable'. To support his views, the author reviews utilitarian and pejorative definitions of science, as well as those of committed and pure science, useful and useless science, and practical and esoterical science, as synonyms of applied and basic science. He also asserts that, in Mexico, "this classification has been used in the past to justify federal funding cutbacks to basic science, allegedly because it is not targeted at solving 'national problems' or because it was not relevant to priorities set in a given six-year political administration period". Regarding health education and research, the author asserts that the current academic programs are inefficient and ineffective; his proposal to tackle these problems is to carry out a solid scientific study, conducted by a multidisciplinary team of experts, "to design the scientific researcher curricula from recruitment of intelligent young people to retirement or death". Performance assessment of researchers would not be restricted to publication of papers, since "the quality of scientific work and contribution to the development of science is not reflected by the number of published papers". The English version of this paper is available at: http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.html

  14. Science teaching in science education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Brendan E.; Dopico, Eduardo

    2016-06-01

    Reading the interesting article Discerning selective traditions in science education by Per Sund , which is published in this issue of CSSE, allows us to open the discussion on procedures for teaching science today. Clearly there is overlap between the teaching of science and other areas of knowledge. However, we must constantly develop new methods to teach and differentiate between science education and teaching science in response to the changing needs of our students, and we must analyze what role teachers and teacher educators play in both. We must continually examine the methods and concepts involved in developing pedagogical content knowledge in science teachers. Otherwise, the possibility that these routines, based on subjective traditions, prevent emerging processes of educational innovation. Modern science is an enormous field of knowledge in its own right, which is made more expansive when examined within the context of its place in society. We propose the need to design educative interactions around situations that involve science and society. Science education must provide students with all four dimensions of the cognitive process: factual knowledge, conceptual knowledge, procedural knowledge, and metacognitive knowledge. We can observe in classrooms at all levels of education that students understand the concepts better when they have the opportunity to apply the scientific knowledge in a personally relevant way. When students find value in practical exercises and they are provided opportunities to reinterpret their experiences, greater learning gains are achieved. In this sense, a key aspect of educational innovation is the change in teaching methodology. We need new tools to respond to new problems. A shift in teacher education is needed to realize the rewards of situating science questions in a societal context and opening classroom doors to active methodologies in science education to promote meaningful learning through meaningful teaching.

  15. Science Instructors' Views of Science and Nature of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakas, Mehmet

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study examined how college science faculty who teach introductory level undergraduate science courses including the fields of chemistry, biology, physics, and earth science, understand and define science and nature of science (NOS). Participants were seventeen science instructors from five different institutions in the…

  16. Revolutionary Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casadevall, Arturo; Fang, Ferric C

    2016-03-01

    On rare occasions in the history of science, remarkable discoveries transform human society and forever alter mankind's view of the world. Examples of such discoveries include the heliocentric theory, Newtonian physics, the germ theory of disease, quantum theory, plate tectonics and the discovery that DNA carries genetic information. The science philosopher Thomas Kuhn famously described science as long periods of normality punctuated by times of crisis, when anomalous observations culminate in revolutionary changes that replace one paradigm with another. This essay examines several transformative discoveries in the light of Kuhn's formulation. We find that each scientific revolution is unique, with disparate origins that may include puzzle solving, serendipity, inspiration, or a convergence of disparate observations. The causes of revolutionary science are varied and lack an obvious common structure. Moreover, it can be difficult to draw a clear distinction between so-called normal and revolutionary science. Revolutionary discoveries often emerge from basic science and are critically dependent on nonrevolutionary research. Revolutionary discoveries may be conceptual or technological in nature, lead to the creation of new fields, and have a lasting impact on many fields in addition to the field from which they emerge. In contrast to political revolutions, scientific revolutions do not necessarily require the destruction of the previous order. For humanity to continue to benefit from revolutionary discoveries, a broad palette of scientific inquiry with a particular emphasis on basic science should be supported.

  17. Revolutionary Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Ferric C.

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT On rare occasions in the history of science, remarkable discoveries transform human society and forever alter mankind’s view of the world. Examples of such discoveries include the heliocentric theory, Newtonian physics, the germ theory of disease, quantum theory, plate tectonics and the discovery that DNA carries genetic information. The science philosopher Thomas Kuhn famously described science as long periods of normality punctuated by times of crisis, when anomalous observations culminate in revolutionary changes that replace one paradigm with another. This essay examines several transformative discoveries in the light of Kuhn’s formulation. We find that each scientific revolution is unique, with disparate origins that may include puzzle solving, serendipity, inspiration, or a convergence of disparate observations. The causes of revolutionary science are varied and lack an obvious common structure. Moreover, it can be difficult to draw a clear distinction between so-called normal and revolutionary science. Revolutionary discoveries often emerge from basic science and are critically dependent on nonrevolutionary research. Revolutionary discoveries may be conceptual or technological in nature, lead to the creation of new fields, and have a lasting impact on many fields in addition to the field from which they emerge. In contrast to political revolutions, scientific revolutions do not necessarily require the destruction of the previous order. For humanity to continue to benefit from revolutionary discoveries, a broad palette of scientific inquiry with a particular emphasis on basic science should be supported. PMID:26933052

  18. Revolutionary Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Casadevall

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available On rare occasions in the history of science, remarkable discoveries transform human society and forever alter mankind’s view of the world. Examples of such discoveries include the heliocentric theory, Newtonian physics, the germ theory of disease, quantum theory, plate tectonics and the discovery that DNA carries genetic information. The science philosopher Thomas Kuhn famously described science as long periods of normality punctuated by times of crisis, when anomalous observations culminate in revolutionary changes that replace one paradigm with another. This essay examines several transformative discoveries in the light of Kuhn’s formulation. We find that each scientific revolution is unique, with disparate origins that may include puzzle solving, serendipity, inspiration, or a convergence of disparate observations. The causes of revolutionary science are varied and lack an obvious common structure. Moreover, it can be difficult to draw a clear distinction between so-called normal and revolutionary science. Revolutionary discoveries often emerge from basic science and are critically dependent on nonrevolutionary research. Revolutionary discoveries may be conceptual or technological in nature, lead to the creation of new fields, and have a lasting impact on many fields in addition to the field from which they emerge. In contrast to political revolutions, scientific revolutions do not necessarily require the destruction of the previous order. For humanity to continue to benefit from revolutionary discoveries, a broad palette of scientific inquiry with a particular emphasis on basic science should be supported.

  19. Forensic Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brettell, T. A.; Saferstein, R.

    1989-01-01

    Presents a review of articles appealing to forensic practitioners. Topics include: drugs and poisons, forensic biochemistry, and trace evidence. Lists noteworthy books published on forensic science topics since 1986. (MVL)

  20. Capitalist Science

    CERN Document Server

    Knuteson, Bruce

    2011-01-01

    The economic structure of basic science is currently socialist, funded by the public at large through taxes for the benefit of the public at large. This socialist system should be augmented by a capitalist system, in which basic science is also funded by private investors who reap financial benefit from the sale of subsequent technologies based on the knowledge obtained from the research funded by their investments. A capitalist system will provide benefits extending from the broad target audience of this paper -- which includes politicians, financiers, economists, and scientists in all fields -- to the average taxpayer and consumer. Capitalist science will better align the incentives of scientists with taxpayer interests, channel more money into basic science, lower your taxes, and generally improve the quality of your life.

  1. Science Notes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thurman, Shirley; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Describes 36 science activities. Topics include: osmosis, fermentation, anhydrobiotic organisms, breathing monitors, trypsin, weeds, amyloplasts, electrolysis, polarimeters, ethene ripening of fruit, colorimetry, diffusion, redox reactions, equilibria, acid-base relationships, electricity, power, resonance, measurement, parallax, amplifiers,…

  2. Science Notes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Science Review, 1990

    1990-01-01

    Included are 30 science activities that include computer monitoring, fieldwork, enzyme activity, pH, drugs, calorimeters, Raoult's Law, food content, solubility, electrochemistry, titration, physical properties of materials, gel filtration, energy, concepts in physics, and electricity. (KR)

  3. Science Notes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Science Review, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Presents 23 experiments, activities, field projects and computer programs in the biological and physical sciences. Instructional procedures, experimental designs, materials, and background information are suggested. Topics include fluid mechanics, electricity, crystals, arthropods, limpets, acid neutralization, and software evaluation. (ML)

  4. Chronicle 1999, Administrative law/ Droit administratif

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bok, A.J.

    2000-01-01

    In 1994, in the Netherlands a number of important rules of administrative law have been codified in the General Administrative Law Act. This contribution discusses the draft of the so called Fourth Part of the General Act which appeared in 1999 and contains additional provisions on: publicity of adm

  5. Chronicle 1998, Administrative law/Droit administratif

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bok, A.J.

    1999-01-01

    In this contribution, two recent developments in Dutch administrative law are discussed. The codification of administrative law in a General Administrative Law Act (1994) has contributed much to this field of law, but has also caused additional legal complications for the administration. In 1997 the

  6. Droit de réponse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Olivier

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available “ Nous nous sommes imaginés, en 1945, que l’esprit totalitaire avait perdu, avec le nazisme, sa terreur, ses poisons souterrains et ses fours définitifs. Mais ses excréments sont enfouis dans l’inconscient fertile des hommes. ”(René Char, Recherche de la base et du sommet, Paris, Gallimard Poésie.À des arguments fondés sur des faits établis à partir des archives allemandes, Olivier Buchsenschutz oppose des jugements de valeur et des déclarations de principe, dont certaines, fausses, trahisse...

  7. Chapitre II. La ville de la droite

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, Évelyne

    2016-01-01

    Image de Paris et image de la France sont solidaires. Elles se modifient au rythme du développement du monde moderne et des transformations des relations internationales. La place et l'image de Paris en France, dans l'entre-deux-guerres se sont transformées en même temps que la place et l'image de la capitale dans le monde. Nous nous demanderons ici, comment les contemporains vivent et analysent la croissance de Paris et de son agglomération dans ce contexte « entre-deux-guerres » marqué nota...

  8. Fuero nobiliaire et droit de justice

    OpenAIRE

    Langue, Frédérique

    2004-01-01

    Véritables capitaines d'industrie avant la lettre, les grands propriétaires terriens qui dominent cette région minière mexicaine reproduisent un système de valeurs hautement traditionnel, héritage hispanique fondé sur un ensemble de privilèges qui leur confère un pouvoir absolu bien au-delà de leurs domaines. Cet article examine le rôle joué par le clan familial et la clientèle de ces aristocrates dans la constitution de ce pouvoir de fait, expression à la fois symbolique et réelle d'un...

  9. Le Droit D'Etre Sourd.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carver, Roger

    1982-01-01

    The article gives a personal account of the feelings of deaf people regarding their need for a culture and a way of life conforming to their handicap. The author describes several related developments in Canada and stresses feelings of the deaf community, feelings that should be understood for programing. (Author/CL)

  10. Évolution de la thématique des « asociaux » dans la discussion sur le droit pénal pendant la République de Weimar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven Korzilius

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans le débat sur la nature du national-socialisme entre « fracture de la civilisation » et expression de « l’ambiguïté essentielle de la modernité », cet article étudie la radicalisation progressive du discours sur les « asociaux » dans les dernières années de Weimar et examine si l’on y trouve déjà la préparation idéologique et pratique de la politique d’extermination des nazis (euthanasie, stérilisation forcée, « mort par le travail ». Le biologisme, l’économisme, la criminologie et l’eugénisme ou « hygiène raciale » apparaissent comme les racines du discours sur les asociaux sous Weimar. On voit que des auteurs parlaient déjà, dans les années vingt, d’« éliminer les vies ne méritant pas d’être vécues » et préconisaient la stérilisation, l’avortement et l’euthanasie dans certains cas. S’appuyant sur l’exemple de mesures pratiques et de discussions sur l’internement d’« asociaux », l’auteur montre que les idées eugénistes étaient répandues non seulement chez les hommes politiques de droite, mais aussi largement à gauche. L’évolution de l’État social sous Weimar, de ses débuts prometteurs jusqu’à la crise de sa fin, est d’abord rapidement esquissée ; puis l’auteur étudie en détail la montée de l’agressivité dans les années de crise, où l’on voit les cercles chargés de l’assistance prendre de moins en moins l’individu et de plus en plus la Volksgemeinschaft comme référence de leur action. Avec une fréquence croissante est avancée l’idée de réserver les prestations sociales à ceux qui les « mériteraient » et que la société n’aurait plus d’argent pour entretenir des « poids morts ». Ainsi cette étude montre-t-elle que la question de la continuité entre Weimar et le nazisme ne peut, dans ce domaine, être globalement affirmée ou infirmée et qu’au contraire seule l’étude attentive des projets de loi

  11. Le droit d’être entendu et la détention d’un étranger en séjour irrégulier : une application bancale de la jurisprudence européenne par le juge belge

    OpenAIRE

    Lys, Matthieu

    2014-01-01

    En première instance, la Chambre du conseil du Tribunal de 1ere instance du Luxembourg a jugé que, dès lors qu’il n’apparaît pas du dossier administratif que l’étranger a été entendu préalablement à la décision de maintien en lieu déterminé, la détention de ce dernier est illégale. Peu importe à cet égard qu’une telle audition préalable soit prévue par la réglementation belge : le droit de toute personne d’être entendue avant qu’une mesure individuelle qui l’affecterait défavorablement soit p...

  12. Secular States, Muslim Law and Islamic Religious Culture: Gender Implications of Legal Struggles in Hybrid Legal Systems in Contemporary West Africa Les États laïques, le droit musulman et la pratique culturelle dite islamique : Implications pour les femmes des luttes juridiques dans les systèmes juridiques hybrides de l’Afrique de l’Ouest contemporaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara M. Cooper

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article sets out the differing approaches of three West African states (Niger, Senegal, and Nigeria towards reconciling the multiple legal systems (Islamic, western, military they have inherited as ostensibly secular states in regions with prominent Muslim populations. While Senegal has adopted a Family Code that appears to modify and regulate some of the perceived injustices of Islamic law in family life, a number of states within Nigeria have gone in the opposite direction, expanding Islamic law beyond family law into the criminal domain. In Niger, on the other hand, multiple systems of law co-exist uneasily, without any effective hierarchy or definitive conclusion to legal disputes carried into different legal domains. In all three cases the state does not have the capacity to effectively enforce a single coherent legal system, nor does it succeed in controlling the «justice» that so commonly occurs in extra-legal settings. Throughout West Africa legal reform must contend with the dual problems of weak state capacity to impose a unified legal system and of the vigilantism of pressure groups that may have limited mastery of the Islamic juridical tradition in an atmosphere that is nevertheless heavy with the rhetoric of a return to Islamic purity.Cet article expose les différentes approches de trois États ouest-africains que sont le Niger, le Sénégal et le Nigeria en vue de concilier les divers systèmes juridiques (islamique, occidental, militaire dont ils ont hérité en tant qu’États ostensiblement laïques dans des régions majoritairement musulmanes. Si le Sénégal a adopté un Code de la famille qui paraît modifier et réglementer les dites injustices du droit musulman dans la vie de famille, un certain nombre d'États du Nigéria sont allés en sens inverse, en élargissant le droit islamique au-delà du droit de la famille en l’étendant au domaine pénal. Au Niger, d’autre part, plusieurs systèmes de droit

  13. Guide de l’environnement et de la qualité de l’habitat - édition 2004-2005, Paris, La documentation française, Collection  « droits et démarches », 2004, 160 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amélie Morel

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage est conçu sous la forme d’un guide pratique proposant, par thématiques retenues autour de l’environnement et de la qualité de l’habitat, une information juridique et administrative, des questions/réponses, ainsi que des adresses utiles et des sites Internet à parcourir. Le Guide de l’environnement et de la qualité de l’habitat s’inscrit dans la collection « droits et démarches » de la documentation française. Il se découpe en deux parties. La première présente la protection de l’e...

  14. Science Fairs for Science Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Katherine; Culbertson, Timothy

    2014-03-01

    Scientific discovery, technological revolutions, and complex global challenges are commonplace in the modern era. People are bombarded with news about climate change, pandemics, and genetically modified organisms, and scientific literacy has never been more important than in the present day. Yet only 29% of American adults have sufficient understanding to be able to read science stories reported in the popular press [Miller, 2010], and American students consistently rank below other nations in math and science [National Center for Education Statistics, 2012].

  15. Is normal science good science?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrianna Kępińska

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available “Normal science” is a concept introduced by Thomas Kuhn in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962. In Kuhn’s view, normal science means “puzzle solving”, solving problems within the paradigm—framework most successful in solving current major scientific problems—rather than producing major novelties. This paper examines Kuhnian and Popperian accounts of normal science and their criticisms to assess if normal science is good. The advantage of normal science according to Kuhn was “psychological”: subjective satisfaction from successful “puzzle solving”. Popper argues for an “intellectual” science, one that consistently refutes conjectures (hypotheses and offers new ideas rather than focus on personal advantages. His account is criticized as too impersonal and idealistic. Feyerabend’s perspective seems more balanced; he argues for a community that would introduce new ideas, defend old ones, and enable scientists to develop in line with their subjective preferences. The paper concludes that normal science has no one clear-cut set of criteria encompassing its meaning and enabling clear assessment.

  16. Exploring science through science fiction

    CERN Document Server

    Luokkala, Barry B

    2014-01-01

    How does Einstein’s description of space and time compare with Dr. Who? Can James Bond really escape from an armor-plated railroad car by cutting through the floor with a laser concealed in a wristwatch? What would it take to create a fully-intelligent android, such as Star Trek’s Commander Data? How might we discover intelligent civilizations on other planets in the galaxy? Is human teleportation possible? Will our technological society ever reach the point at which it becomes lawful to discriminate on the basis of genetic information, as in the movie GATTACA? Exploring Science Through Science Fiction addresses these and other interesting questions, using science fiction as a springboard for discussing fundamental science concepts and cutting-edge science research. The book is designed as a primary text for a college-level course which should appeal to students in the fine arts and humanities as well as to science and engineering students. It includes references to original research papers, landmark scie...

  17. La construction de la parenté par le nom : de l’utilisation d’un modèle anthropologique pour comprendre le droit tunisien contemporain The Making of Genealogy through the Name: on the Use of a Model from Anthropology for the Understanding of a Contemporary Tunisian Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Arena

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available L’article porte sur la continuité de la représentation traditionnelle du nasab dans la loi tunisienne qui donne aux enfants nés hors mariage le droit d’obtenir le nom patronymique de leur père (laqab. Du fait de l’attribution du nom du père, l’enfant est rattaché au nasab de celui-ci et en partage la généalogie. Il rentre dans le cercle de l’caŝabiyya, dont les membres se considèrent comme frères, avec des droits et des devoirs réciproques et égaux. En s’appuyant sur l’ancienne représentation, la loi tunisienne permet de compléter la parenté de l’enfant (qaraba et de préparer sa réintégration dans la société, alors que la référence de la législation marocaine à la notion de bunuwa empêche d’atteindre ce résultat.This article points out to the continuity of the traditional representation of nasab in Tunisian law that awards children born out of marriage the right to get their father’s family name (laqab. By getting hold of the father’s name, the child gets the nasab of him and partakes in his genealogy, entering the circle of the caŝabiyya, where all men consider themselves as brothers and equal in mutual rights and obligations. Drawing on the traditional representation, Tunisian law eases the completion of the child’s kinship (qaraba and makes way to his integration into society, while Moroccan law’s reference to the notion of bunuwa hinders those results.

  18. Islam and Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salam, Abdus

    The following sections are included: * The Holy Quran and Science * Modem Science, A Greco- Islamic Legacy * The Decline of Sciences in Islam * The Limitations of Science * Faith and Science * The Present Picture of Sciences in the Islamic Countries * Renaissance of Sciences in Islam * Steps Needed for Building up Sciences in the Islamic Countries * Science Education * Science Foundations in Islam * Technology in Our Countries * Concluding Remarks * REFERENCES

  19. Network science

    CERN Document Server

    Barabasi, Albert-Laszlo

    2016-01-01

    Networks are everywhere, from the Internet, to social networks, and the genetic networks that determine our biological existence. Illustrated throughout in full colour, this pioneering textbook, spanning a wide range of topics from physics to computer science, engineering, economics and the social sciences, introduces network science to an interdisciplinary audience. From the origins of the six degrees of separation to explaining why networks are robust to random failures, the author explores how viruses like Ebola and H1N1 spread, and why it is that our friends have more friends than we do. Using numerous real-world examples, this innovatively designed text includes clear delineation between undergraduate and graduate level material. The mathematical formulas and derivations are included within Advanced Topics sections, enabling use at a range of levels. Extensive online resources, including films and software for network analysis, make this a multifaceted companion for anyone with an interest in network sci...

  20. Nuclear Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg. Bureau of Curriculum Services.

    This document is a report on a course in nuclear science for the high school curriculum. The course is designed to provide a basic but comprehensive understanding of the atom in the light of modern knowledge, and to show how people attempt to harness the tremendous energy liberated through fission and fusion reactions. The course crosses what are…

  1. Computational Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    K. Li

    2007-01-01

    @@ Computer science is the discipline that anchors the computer industry which has been improving processor performance, communication bandwidth and storage capacity on the so called "Moore's law" curve or at the rate of doubling every 18 to 24 months during the past decades.

  2. Boundless Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spilhaus, F.

    2009-04-01

    Our science is critical to understanding the future prospects for life. The laboratory for natural sciences encompasses our planet and reaches into the solar system. The forces of nature respect no boundaries. But, we who try to understand these forces are handicapped by national, political, language, religious, and other concocted barriers. These barriers limit both our effectiveness as scientists and our ability to reach those outside our community who need to know what we have uncovered about our environment. An unencumbered worldwide scientific community has been an objective with limited successes for too long. Action began in earnest after the first world war with the formation of the various scientific Unions and ICSU. Fifty years later Keith Runcorn initiated another approach, when he proposed what quickly became EGS and which has grown and evolved with the merger with EUG. To be truly effective we need to communicate and share comfortably with colleagues worldwide. Personal relationships and trust are required. We count on a high level of ethical behavior within our community. We individually must also be constantly vigilant for the encroachment of the manmade barriers that have held back science through time immemorial. Our scientific organizations cannot achieve this alone. They will facilitate, however, the onus is on each of us to reach out and form interlocking informal communities, which will bring our whole planet-wide community together at many overlapping levels. When we achieve this community, our science will more bountiful and better address the needs of human society.

  3. Environmental sciences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kwa, C.; Wright, J.D.

    2015-01-01

    The environmental sciences are engaged in a remarkable effort of interdisciplinary cooperation and integration. Some long-running international scientific programs, notably the World Climate Research Programme and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, play an important role therein. The o

  4. Science Notes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Science Review, 1986

    1986-01-01

    Describes activities, games, experiments, demonstrations, and computer-oriented exercises in all science areas. Topics include energy flow through a marine ecosystem, using 2,4-dichlorophenoxyethanoic acid to demonstrate translocation in plants, use of the dichotomous key, use of leaf yeasts to monitor atmospheric pollution, and others. (JN)

  5. Cognitive Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cocking, Rodney R.; Mestre, Jose P.

    The focus of this paper is on cognitive science as a model for understanding the application of human skills toward effective problem-solving. Sections include: (1) "Introduction" (discussing information processing framework, expert-novice distinctions, schema theory, and learning process); (2) "Application: The Expert-Novice…

  6. Actuarial Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Bette

    1982-01-01

    Details are provided of a program on actuarial training developed at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Binghamton through the Department of Mathematical Sciences. An outline of its operation, including a few statistics on students in the program, is included. (MP)

  7. Skeptical Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Alan J.; Barnhart, Carolyn M.; Parejko, Ken S.; Schultz, Forrest S.; Schultz, Steven E.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the legitimacy of teaching about astrology, extrasensory perception, UFOs, touch therapy, cloning dinosaurs, or any other unusual claims in the classroom. Suggests that bringing unusual claims to the science classroom is an opportunity to motivate students in the principles of scientific thought. (SAH)

  8. Brewing Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelter, Michael

    2006-01-01

    Following the brewing process from grain to glass, this course uses the biological and chemical principles of brewing to teach science to the nonscience major. Discussion of the scientific aspects of malting, mashing, fermentation, and the making of different beer styles is complemented by laboratory exercises that use scientific methods to…

  9. Science Notes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Science Review, 1990

    1990-01-01

    Presented are 25 science activities on colorations of prey, evolution, blood, physiology, nutrition, enzyme kinetics, leaf pigments, analytical chemistry, milk, proteins, fermentation, surface effects of liquids, magnetism, drug synthesis, solvents, wintergreen synthesis, chemical reactions, multicore cables, diffraction, air resistance,…

  10. Science and anti-science

    CERN Document Server

    Holton, Gerald

    1997-01-01

    What is good science? What goal--if any--is the proper end of scientific activity? Is there a legitimating authority that scientists mayclaim? Howserious athreat are the anti-science movements? These questions have long been debated but, as Gerald Holton points out, every era must offer its own responses. This book examines these questions not in the abstract but shows their historic roots and the answers emerging from the scientific and political controversies of this century. Employing the case-study method and the concept of scientific thematathat he has pioneered, Holton displays the broad scope of his insight into the workings of science: from the influence of Ernst Mach on twentiethcentury physicists, biologists, psychologists, and other thinkers to the rhetorical strategies used in the work of Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, and others; from the bickering between Thomas Jefferson and the U.S. Congress over the proper form of federal sponsorship of scientific research to philosophical debates since Oswald...

  11. Science Literacy Circles: Big Ideas about Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devick-Fry, Jane; LeSage, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    Science literacy circles incorporate the organization of both science notebooks and literature circles to help K-8 students internalize big ideas about science. Using science literacy circles gives students opportunities to engage in critical thinking as they inductively develop understanding about science concepts. (Contains 1 table and 7…

  12. The Science in Science Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholls, Peter, Ed.

    This 12-chapter book discusses the scientific facts behind the ideas included in the novels of Robert Heinlein, Isaac Asimov, Frederik Pohl, Arthur C. Clark and other science fiction writers. Areas explored in the first 11 chapters include: exploration of deep space; energy and exotic power sources; likelihood of extra-terrestrial life and the…

  13. Science Centres and Science Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rennie, Leonie J.; McClafferty, Terence P.

    1996-01-01

    Focuses on the interactive science center and its history over the last four decades. Traces the original idea to Francis Bacon. Recommends the use of cross-site studies to develop a model of learning in this setting. Contains 141 references. (DDR)

  14. Computer sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Paul H.

    1988-01-01

    The Computer Science Program provides advanced concepts, techniques, system architectures, algorithms, and software for both space and aeronautics information sciences and computer systems. The overall goal is to provide the technical foundation within NASA for the advancement of computing technology in aerospace applications. The research program is improving the state of knowledge of fundamental aerospace computing principles and advancing computing technology in space applications such as software engineering and information extraction from data collected by scientific instruments in space. The program includes the development of special algorithms and techniques to exploit the computing power provided by high performance parallel processors and special purpose architectures. Research is being conducted in the fundamentals of data base logic and improvement techniques for producing reliable computing systems.

  15. Preservice Science Teachers' Science Teaching Orientations and Beliefs about Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kind, Vanessa

    2016-01-01

    This paper offers clarification of science teacher orientations as a potential component of pedagogical content knowledge. Science teaching orientations and beliefs about science held by 237 preservice science teachers were gathered via content-specific vignettes and questionnaire, respectively, prior to participation in a UK-based teacher…

  16. Network science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barabási, Albert-László

    2013-03-28

    Professor Barabási's talk described how the tools of network science can help understand the Web's structure, development and weaknesses. The Web is an information network, in which the nodes are documents (at the time of writing over one trillion of them), connected by links. Other well-known network structures include the Internet, a physical network where the nodes are routers and the links are physical connections, and organizations, where the nodes are people and the links represent communications.

  17. Fictitious Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foladori, Guillermo

    2016-01-01

    Science and Technology (S&T), like Research and Development (R&D), has become a case of capital investment like any other economic sector. This has distanced R&D from social needs, to the extent that part of R&D ends up actually being fictitious, in the sense that it acquires a price on the market but never becomes part of material…

  18. Mechanical science

    CERN Document Server

    Bolton, W C

    2013-01-01

    This book gives comprehensive coverage of mechanical science for HNC/HND students taking mechanical engineering courses, including all topics likely to be covered in both years of such courses, as well as for first year undergraduate courses in mechanical engineering. It features 500 problems with answers and 200 worked examples. The third edition includes a new section on power transmission and an appendix on mathematics to help students with the basic notation of calculus and solution of differential equations.

  19. Communicating Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, G. J.; McCaffrey, M. S.; Kiehl, J. T.; Schmidt, C.

    2010-12-01

    We are in an era of rapidly changing communication media, which is driving a major evolution in the modes of communicating science. In the past, a mainstay of scientific communication in popular media was through science “translators”; science journalists and presenters. These have now nearly disappeared and are being replaced by widespread dissemination through, e.g., the internet, blogs, YouTube and journalists who often have little scientific background and sharp deadlines. Thus, scientists are required to assume increasing responsibility for translating their scientific findings and calibrating their communications to non-technical audiences, a task for which they are often ill prepared, especially when it comes to controversial societal issues such as tobacco, evolution, and most recently climate change (Oreskes and Conway 2010). Such issues have been politicized and hi-jacked by ideological belief systems to such an extent that constructive dialogue is often impossible. Many scientists are excellent communicators, to their peers. But this requires careful attention to detail and logical explanation, open acknowledgement of uncertainties, and dispassionate delivery. These qualities become liabilities when communicating to a non-scientific audience where entertainment, attention grabbing, 15 second sound bites, and self assuredness reign (e.g. Olson 2009). Here we report on a program initiated by NCAR and UCAR to develop new approaches to science communication and to equip present and future scientists with the requisite skills. If we start from a sound scientific finding with general scientific consensus, such as the warming of the planet by greenhouse gases, then the primary emphasis moves from the “science” to the “art” of communication. The art cannot have free reign, however, as there remains a strong requirement for objectivity, honesty, consistency, and above all a resistance to advocating particular policy positions. Targeting audience

  20. Planning a Science Fair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebert, Jim

    1976-01-01

    Presented are views, on planning science fairs and science fair projects, of a fair coordinator, a science teacher, and students. Also included are 25 questions which might result in science fair projects. (SL)

  1. Life sciences and environmental sciences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-02-01

    The DOE laboratories play a unique role in bringing multidisciplinary talents -- in biology, physics, chemistry, computer sciences, and engineering -- to bear on major problems in the life and environmental sciences. Specifically, the laboratories utilize these talents to fulfill OHER`s mission of exploring and mitigating the health and environmental effects of energy use, and of developing health and medical applications of nuclear energy-related phenomena. At Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) support of this mission is evident across the spectrum of OHER-sponsored research, especially in the broad areas of genomics, structural biology, basic cell and molecular biology, carcinogenesis, energy and environment, applications to biotechnology, and molecular, nuclear and radiation medicine. These research areas are briefly described.

  2. Life sciences and environmental sciences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-02-01

    The DOE laboratories play a unique role in bringing multidisciplinary talents -- in biology, physics, chemistry, computer sciences, and engineering -- to bear on major problems in the life and environmental sciences. Specifically, the laboratories utilize these talents to fulfill OHER's mission of exploring and mitigating the health and environmental effects of energy use, and of developing health and medical applications of nuclear energy-related phenomena. At Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) support of this mission is evident across the spectrum of OHER-sponsored research, especially in the broad areas of genomics, structural biology, basic cell and molecular biology, carcinogenesis, energy and environment, applications to biotechnology, and molecular, nuclear and radiation medicine. These research areas are briefly described.

  3. Do Gender-Science Stereotypes Predict Science Identification and Science Career Aspirations among Undergraduate Science Majors?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cundiff, Jessica L.; Vescio, Theresa K.; Loken, Eric; Lo, Lawrence

    2013-01-01

    The present research examined whether gender-science stereotypes were associated with science identification and, in turn, science career aspirations among women and men undergraduate science majors. More than 1,700 students enrolled in introductory science courses completed measures of gender-science stereotypes (implicit associations and…

  4. Defining Data Science

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Yangyong; Xiong, Yun

    2015-01-01

    Data science is gaining more and more and widespread attention, but no consensus viewpoint on what data science is has emerged. As a new science, its objects of study and scientific issues should not be covered by established sciences. Data in cyberspace have formed what we call datanature. In the present paper, data science is defined as the science of exploring datanature.

  5. Science Night

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    Would it surprise you to know that you can measure the speed of light using chocolate and a microwave oven? If you're interested in this and in finding out much more, come along to the Museum of the History of Science on 3 and 4 July 2004, when dozens of companies, institutions, colleges and organizations will be running exhibits, shows, and displays on the theme of counting and measuring. CERN will be there with a display stand that includes two particle detectors. Full details are available from the Museum website at: http://www.lanuitdelascience.ch/

  6. Science Circus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Rhys D.

    2006-12-01

    As a Smithsonian artist in residence Rhys Thomas taught basic Newtonian Physics using circus tricks. As an Oregon Museum of Science and Industry outreach performer he has used his juggling and equilibristic skills to demonstrate gyroscopics, gravity, inertia and other topics in 10 states and three countries. Rhys will share his insights and tips on "performing" rather than just "presenting" physics. He will perform some demos ala Ed Sullivan. He will also discuss how a basic understanding of physics has influenced his artistic expression in non-educational theatrical performances that earned him an Oregon Arts Fellowship in 2005. Sponsored by Stanley Micklavzina of the University of Oregon.

  7. Science blogging

    CERN Document Server

    Wilcox, Christie

    2016-01-01

    Here is the essential how-to guide for communicating scientific research and discoveries online, ideal for journalists, researchers, and public information officers looking to reach a wide lay audience. Drawing on the cumulative experience of twenty-seven of the greatest minds in scientific communication, this invaluable handbook targets the specific questions and concerns of the scientific community, offering help in a wide range of digital areas, including blogging, creating podcasts, tweeting, and more. With step-by-step guidance and one-stop expertise, this is the book every scientist, science writer, and practitioner needs to approach the Wild West of the Web with knowledge and confidence.

  8. Science commons

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2007-01-01

    SCP: Creative Commons licensing for open access publishing, Open Access Law journal-author agreements for converting journals to open access, and the Scholar's Copyright Addendum Engine for retaining rights to self-archive in meaningful formats and locations for future re-use. More than 250 science and technology journals already publish under Creative Commons licensing while 35 law journals utilize the Open Access Law agreements. The Addendum Engine is a new tool created in partnership with SPARC and U.S. universities. View John Wilbanks's biography

  9. Towards a Science of Science Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yates, Carolyn

    2009-01-01

    This article is a contribution to the search for evidence-based models of learning to improve science education. The author believes that modern teachers should look to the sciences of cognitive psychology and neuroscience to build a science of science teaching. Understanding the relationships between learning and the brain's structure and…

  10. Nanomaterials science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinrich Rohrer

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The nanometer regime covers the transition from condensed matter behavior to atomic and molecular properties and thus is a very rich but also very demanding area in materials science. Close to the condensed matter side, properties and functions might still very well be scalable, whereas close to the atomic and molecular side, the scalability is mostly lost. Properties and functions change qualitatively or quantitatively by orders of magnitude when the dimensions become smaller than a critical size in the nanometer range. Examples are the ballistic regime for electron or spin transport at dimensions below the mean free path, near-field effects in scanning near-field optical microscopy and quantum wells when the dimensions are below an appropriate wavelength, novel electronic, mechanical, and chemical properties when the number of bulk atoms becomes smaller than that of surface atoms, quantum conduction, and Coulomb blockade. Thus, by going below a certain size, an abundance of novel properties and functions are at one's disposal, or, in other words, we can functionalize materials simply by reducing their size to the nanoscale.The key to the future lies in the functions that we give to materials, not just in finding 'novel functional materials'. This catch expression in many materials science programs and initiatives of the past two decades sounds great, but it is not what really counts. All materials are functional in one way or another and, therefore, all new materials are 'novel functional materials'. Certainly, finding new materials is always an important part of progress, but we should also focus on the much larger domain of novel functions that we can give to existing or modified materials. A good example is semiconductors: they are fifty or more years old and their properties are very well known, but they were not of widespread interest and use until the transistor changed their destiny into being the central material in the information

  11. Science kitsch and pop science: A reconnaissance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaeser, Eduard

    2013-07-01

    Science kitsch? The combination of these two words rings like an oxymoron. Science - as the common saying has it - exposes, discovers, tells the truth; kitsch conceals, covers, lies. I think, this "shadow" of science deserves a specific scrutiny, not only because it reflects the altered place and role of science in contemporary "knowledge" society but also because it pinpoints the task of relocating science in the "multicultural" context of postmodernism, with its different epistemic claims. The genre of science kitsch may help to regain credit by working as a probe to detect false pretensions, explanatory exuberance and exaggerations in science.

  12. Science Advising

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tannenbaum, Benn

    2004-05-01

    The need for competent physical scientists in public policy is often overlooked. Science and technology play an ever-growing role in our lives, but the people setting the policies governing their use too often lack the skills and knowledge needed to make well-informed decisions. Making the transition from academia to public policy is not as difficult as one might imagine and can lead to a challenging, rewarding career. Dr. Tannenbaum recently completed a 2002-2003 AAAS Science and Technology Fellowship sponsored by the American Physical Society during which he worked in the office of U.S. Representative Edward J. Markey (D-MA) on nuclear nonproliferation issues. His work in Congressman Markey's office focused on issues including US nuclear weapons policy, missile defense, the nuclear program in Iran, prevention of the transfer of U.S. nuclear technology to North Korea, and the security of nuclear sites in Iraq. Dr. Tannenbaum will discuss this experience and observations concerning "underinformed and uninformed" decision-making in Congress and the role of scientists in that process. He will also discuss his current position at the Federation of American Scientists.

  13. Enacting science

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Anthony Leo

    My study examines the development of forms of knowing that arise when students engage in open-ended explorations involving self-directed design and building involving simple materials. It is grounded in an enactivist theoretical perspective on cognition which holds that the creation of action-thought processes for engaging the world is interwoven with the meanings that are constructed for these experiences. A dynamic conception of persons-acting-in-a-setting is fundamental to an enactivist view of cognition. How is understanding enacted in building activity? How does the shape of a problem emerge? How do students enact meaning and understanding when they experience a high degree of physical engagement in building things? What are some characteristics of an enactive learning/teaching environment? My research settings comprise a range of individual, group and classroom engagements of varying lengths over a three and one-half year period. The first research episode involved two grade eight students in an investigation of Paper Towels. The second four month engagement was in a grade nine science class that culminated in the building of a Solar House. The third grade ten episode involved a one month project to build a Mousetrap Powered Car. A fourth Invent a Machine project was conducted in two grade eight science classes taught by the teacher who participated in the Solar House project. Two students were present in three of the four projects. I interviewed one of these students upon completion of his high school physics courses. I found that building is a form of thinking which develops competency in managing complex practical tasks. A triadic relationship of exploration, planning and acting is present. Practical and procedural understandings emerge as students enter and re-enter self-directed problem settings. Thinking patterns depend on the kinds of materials chosen, the ways they are used, and on how students contextualize the problem. Classroom assessment

  14. FOREWORD Nanomaterials science Nanomaterials science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohrer, Heinrich

    2010-10-01

    The nanometer regime covers the transition from condensed matter behavior to atomic and molecular properties and thus is a very rich but also very demanding area in materials science. Close to the condensed matter side, properties and functions might still very well be scalable, whereas close to the atomic and molecular side, the scalability is mostly lost. Properties and functions change qualitatively or quantitatively by orders of magnitude when the dimensions become smaller than a critical size in the nanometer range. Examples are the ballistic regime for electron or spin transport at dimensions below the mean free path, near-field effects in scanning near-field optical microscopy and quantum wells when the dimensions are below an appropriate wavelength, novel electronic, mechanical, and chemical properties when the number of bulk atoms becomes smaller than that of surface atoms, quantum conduction, and Coulomb blockade. Thus, by going below a certain size, an abundance of novel properties and functions are at one's disposal, or, in other words, we can functionalize materials simply by reducing their size to the nanoscale. The key to the future lies in the functions that we give to materials, not just in finding 'novel functional materials'. This catch expression in many materials science programs and initiatives of the past two decades sounds great, but it is not what really counts. All materials are functional in one way or another and, therefore, all new materials are 'novel functional materials'. Certainly, finding new materials is always an important part of progress, but we should also focus on the much larger domain of novel functions that we can give to existing or modified materials. A good example is semiconductors: they are fifty or more years old and their properties are very well known, but they were not of widespread interest and use until the transistor changed their destiny into being the central material in the information technology revolution

  15. Supercomputational science

    CERN Document Server

    Wilson, S

    1990-01-01

    In contemporary research, the supercomputer now ranks, along with radio telescopes, particle accelerators and the other apparatus of "big science", as an expensive resource, which is nevertheless essential for state of the art research. Supercomputers are usually provided as shar.ed central facilities. However, unlike, telescopes and accelerators, they are find a wide range of applications which extends across a broad spectrum of research activity. The difference in performance between a "good" and a "bad" computer program on a traditional serial computer may be a factor of two or three, but on a contemporary supercomputer it can easily be a factor of one hundred or even more! Furthermore, this factor is likely to increase with future generations of machines. In keeping with the large capital and recurrent costs of these machines, it is appropriate to devote effort to training and familiarization so that supercomputers are employed to best effect. This volume records the lectures delivered at a Summer School ...

  16. Salvaging Science Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinstein, Noah

    2011-01-01

    There is little evidence that the prevailing strategies of science education have an impact on the use and interpretation of science in daily life. Most science educators and science education researchers nonetheless believe that science education is intrinsically useful for students who do not go on to scientific or technical careers. This essay…

  17. L’exercice fédéré des compétences locales. À propos de la fonction de «chef de file» en droit des collectivités territoriales français

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cédric Groulier

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available La révision constitutionnelle du 28 mars 2003 a introduit dans le droit des collectivités territoriales un dispositif que l’on pourrait qualifier d’exercice fédéré des compétences locales. Selon l’article 72 alinéa 5 de la Constitution, lorsque l’exercice d’une compétence nécessite le concours de plusieurs collectivités territoriales, la loi peut autoriser l’une d’entre elles ou un de leurs groupements à organiser les modalités de leur action commune, autrement dit à exercer les fonctions de chef de file. À travers cette figure du chef de file, la Constitution semble admettre un principe de superposition entre collectivités territoriales, dérogeant à la règle de l’interdiction des tutelles entre collectivités, liée à leur liberté d’administration. Toutefois, la portée effective de ce nouveau dispositif repose sur sa mise en œuvre législative : or, le législateur fait montre d’une grande réserve, sans doute injustifiée, qui maintient l’idée de superposition entre collectivités à l’état de virtualité.

  18. Voodoo Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Robert

    2011-03-01

    A remarkable scientific result that appears to violate natural law may portend a revolutionary advance in human knowledge. It is, however, more likely an experimental screw up. Error is normal; it can be reduced by repeating measurements and better design of controls, but the success and credibility of science is anchored in a culture of openness. Ideas and observations are freely exposed to independent testing and evaluation by others. What emerges is the book of nature. On its pages we find, if not a simple world, at least an orderly world, in which everything from the birth of stars to falling in love is governed by the same natural laws. These laws cannot be circumvented by any amount of piety or cleverness, they can be understood - with the possible exception of String Theory. For those who elect to work outside the scientific community, errors may go unrecognized. We will examine examples of this, including claims of perpetual motion and cancer caused by cell-phone radiation.

  19. Science Education After Dainton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keohane, Kevin

    1969-01-01

    The Dainton committee indicated that science must not be directed simply at the committed students. Curriculum changes, including those related to teaching science as a unity, could have a profound effect in making science more attractive and relevant. (JK)

  20. Common Earth Science Misconceptions in Science Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Chris

    2012-01-01

    A survey of the Earth science content of science textbooks found a wide range of misconceptions. These are discussed in this article with reference to the published literature on Earth science misconceptions. Most misconceptions occurred in the "sedimentary rocks and processes" and "Earth's structure and plate tectonics" categories; the most…

  1. Science and Religion: Implications for Science Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiss, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    A religious perspective on life shapes how and what those with such a perspective learn in science; for some students a religious perspective can hinder learning in science. For such reasons Staver's article is to be welcomed as it proposes a new way of resolving the widely perceived discord between science and religion. Staver notes that Western…

  2. How to Motivate Science Teachers to Use Science Experiments

    OpenAIRE

    Josef Trna

    2012-01-01

    A science experiment is the core tool in science education. This study describes the science teachers' professional competence to implement science experiments in teaching/learning science. The main objective is the motivation of science teachers to use science experiments. The presented research tries to answer questions aimed at the science teachers' skills to use science experiments in teaching/learning science. The research discovered the following facts: science teachers do not include s...

  3. ‘Aby Warburg, Homo victor’ [A translation (back into English, and with some revisions of the article that appeared in French: ‘Aby Warburg, Homo victor’, in Cahiers du Musée national d’art moderne 118, 2011/12, 81-101

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher S. Wood

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay reflects on the reception of Aby Warburg’s writings in the last several decades. A common theme of the recent literature is that Warburg was misunderstood or misread by the scholars who looked after the library and the legacy in London, in particular Ernst H. Gombrich. Here it is proposed that Gombrich, with his mistrust of traditional aesthetics, his affirmative humanism, and his hopes for a convergence of humanistic studies with the natural sciences, grasped aspects of Warburg’s thought that much of the recent literature has missed.

  4. Science Fiction & Scientific Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czerneda, Julie E.

    2006-01-01

    The term "science fiction" has become synonymous, in the media at least, for any discovery in science too incredible or unexpected for the nonscientist to imagine. One of the most common classroom uses of science fiction is for students to pick out flaws in science fiction movies or television shows. Unfortunately, this approach can result in…

  5. Pragmaticism, Science and Theology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brier, Søren

    2016-01-01

    This review assesses Ashley and Deely’s claims regarding the relation of science and religion, taking Einstein’s famous statement that “science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind” as its starting point. It argues that Ashley and Deely’s book How Science Enriches Theology...

  6. Science, technology and society

    CERN Document Server

    Giacomelli, G

    2005-01-01

    We shall discuss some aspects of science and technology, their increasing role in the society, the fast advances in modern science, the apparent decrease of interest of the young generation in basic sciences, the importance of proper science popularization for better public education and awareness in scientific fields.

  7. Making Science Relevant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eick, Charles; Deutsch, Bill; Fuller, Jennifer; Scott, Fletcher

    2008-01-01

    Science teachers are always looking for ways to demonstrate the relevance of science to students. By connecting science learning to important societal issues, teachers can motivate students to both enjoy and engage in relevant science (Bennet, Lubben, and Hogarth 2007). To develop that connection, teachers can help students take an active role in…

  8. Science and Scientificity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zong-Liang Xu; Xin Zhang

    2005-01-01

    @@ A question about science We are now living in a scientific era, in which the theory and practice of science have penetrated into all aspects of society and science is often a hot topic.However, what on earth is science? This question is largely neglected by many people, even researchers focusing on scientific studies may not have a very clear understanding of it.

  9. Science to the People

    CERN Document Server

    Doswaldbeck, L; Brancati, D; Colombo, U; Coyaud, S; De Semir, V; Dupuy, G; Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Lecourt, D; Llewellyn Smith, Christopher Hubert; Mettan, G; Montagnier, L; Morrison, Douglas Robert Ogston; Rampini, F; Ting, Samuel C C; Ugo, R; Widman, A; CERN. Geneva

    1994-01-01

    Science & society : urgent topics Risk perception : Ringing the alarm bells Basic research : Understanding its relevance Science and Economics : Comparing puplic costs and puplic benefits Language(s) : Translating expert knowledge into common culture Science and ethics : Freedom of research and limits to its applications Science,Media & Society: A confrontation

  10. Has Feminism Changed Science?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiebinger, Londa

    2000-01-01

    Discusses whether the presence of feminism in science has changed science, discounting the idea that simply encouraging more women to enter science will necessarily produce change and stressing the need for governmental funding and initiatives on women and gender in science. Argues for multiple arenas for change (research priorities, domestic…

  11. A mirror for science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jasanoff, Sheila

    2014-01-01

    Early conceptions of the public understanding of science suffered from a narrow framing of what science means and a presumption that science is divided from its publics by walls of ignorance and indifference. Those assumptions amplified misunderstanding and led to faulty policies. It is time to reopen each element in the term "public understanding of science" to renewed reflection. This journal can advance that goal by encouraging research on actual rather than imagined public responses to science, on representations of science in the public sphere, and on interactions between science, technology and society.

  12. The World of Science Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Sheila

    1971-01-01

    Science fiction is discussed from the following standpoints: What Is Science Fiction?; The History of Science Fiction; and The Themes of Science Fiction. A list of films, books, and records about science fiction is given. (DB)

  13. Science Film: An Aperture into Science Advocacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    The current funding environment for scientific research necessitates a change in how we foster support for the endeavor. Federal spending is not likely to grow unless constituents--APS members--help communicate the value of science to members of Congress and the public in a compelling and individual way. The event explores how popular film with science-based plots can help physicists communicate the value of science to members of Congress and an increasingly diverse electorate.

  14. Network science, nonlinear science and infrastructure systems

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    Network Science, Nonlinear Science and Infrastructure Systems has been written by leading scholars in these areas. Its express purpose is to develop common theoretical underpinnings to better solve modern infrastructural problems. It is felt by many who work in these fields that many modern communication problems, ranging from transportation networks to telecommunications, Internet, supply chains, etc., are fundamentally infrastructure problems. Moreover, these infrastructure problems would benefit greatly from a confluence of theoretical and methodological work done with the areas of Network Science, Dynamical Systems and Nonlinear Science. This book is dedicated to the formulation of infrastructural tools that will better solve these types of infrastructural problems. .

  15. A Science Cloud for Data Intensive Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ken T Murata

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available It is often discussed that the fourth methodology for science research is "informatics". The first methodology is a theoretic approach, the second one is observation and/or experiment, and the third one is computer simulation. Informatics is a new methodology for data intensive science, which is a new concept based on the fact that most scientific data are digitalized and the amount of data is huge. The facilities to support informatics are cloud systems. Herein we propose a cloud system especially designed for science. The basic concepts, design, resources, implementation, and applications of the NICT science cloud are discussed.

  16. La Déclaration Universelle des Droits de l’Homme comme l’expression d’une vision du monde : une approche topique et génétique The Universal Declaration of Human Rights as an expression of a “vision of the world”: a topical and genetic perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel de Jonge

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, je réalise une analyse de la Déclaration Universelle des Droits de l’Homme dans une perspective rhétorique et génétique. A l’aide des comptes rendus des débats préliminaires du Comité de Rédaction de la Déclaration, je montre que le texte a pour arrière-plan la volonté de fonder une vision du monde nouvelle, dans laquelle tout serait mis en œuvre d’un point de vue juridique, éthique, philosophique et psychologique pour que les actes subis par les populations européennes durant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale ne puissent plus se reproduire. Pour ce faire, j’analyse la question de l’expression linguistique des valeurs dans les deux premiers alinéas du préambule de la Déclaration.In this contribution, I analyze the text of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights from a rhetorical and genetic perspective. Starting from the summary reports of the Declaration Drafting Committee, I try to show that what lies at the background of the text is the feeling that the sufferings of WWII never can be reproduced. The drafters thus founded a new “vision of the world” that has shaped our values since then. I concentrate specifically on the first two lines of the preamble of the Declaration in order to analyze how the values are expressed linguistically in these paragraphs.

  17. Different images of science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davidsson, Eva

      Within the science and technology centres (STC) movement there exists explicit aims and ambitions to enhance visitors' interest in and knowledge about science. Meanwhile, several researches question the choice of the scientific content in exhibitions when arguing that a too unproblematic view...... of science commonly is presented. But what images and aspects of science are visitors actually confronted with at STCs? How do staff members at STCs consider the scientific content and how do they choose what aspects of science to display in exhibitions? What ideas about visitors' learning do staff members...... images of science. Staff members at Nordic STC were therefore asked to consider to what extent they believe they display different aspects of science. The results suggest that it is possible to display different images of science depending on what aspects of science staff members choose to display...

  18. NX15 science workshop

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Science. For some of us, it's daunting or maybe even terrifying. How to tell a good science story? That's the question we will explore together in this workshop. Conceived and produced by journalist and Scientific News producer Claudio Rosmino of Euronews, and presented by Euronews' Jeremy Wilks, the workshop will look at actual case studies (from Euronews and beyond) where science news proved exciting, inspiring and accessible to audiences around the world. These might include the Rosetta mission and CERN's work on Science for Peace. Together, we'll share ideas and knowledge around how science journalism and science news can increase its visibility in the media and maybe save the planet...!

  19. Towards Data Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yangyong Zhu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Currently, a huge amount of data is being rapidly generated in cyberspace. Datanature (all data in cyberspace is forming due to a data explosion. Exploring the patterns and rules in datanature is necessary but difficult. A new discipline called Data Science is coming. It provides a type of novel research method (a data-intensive method for natural and social sciences and goes beyond computer science in researching data. This paper presents the challenges presented by data and discusses what differentiates data science from the established sciences, data technologies, and big data. Our goal is to encourage data related researchers to transfer their focus towards this new science.

  20. Giant Steps Through Science, Science I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertke, Mary Christopher; Feistritzer, Emily

    This text is designed for use in a first year high school science course and is an attempt to put basic physical science concepts into a logical order. This organization involves an historical approach, beginning with four chapters on astronomy: Modern Astronomy, The Ancient Astronomers, Astronomy - Ptolemy to Kepler, and Galileo and Newton. The…

  1. Science and religion: implications for science educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiss, Michael J.

    2010-03-01

    A religious perspective on life shapes how and what those with such a perspective learn in science; for some students a religious perspective can hinder learning in science. For such reasons Staver's article is to be welcomed as it proposes a new way of resolving the widely perceived discord between science and religion. Staver notes that Western thinking has traditionally postulated the existence and comprehensibility of a world that is external to and independent of human consciousness. This has led to a conception of truth, truth as correspondence, in which our knowledge corresponds to the facts in this external world. Staver rejects such a conception, preferring the conception of truth as coherence in which the links are between and among independent knowledge claims themselves rather than between a knowledge claim and reality. Staver then proposes constructivism as a vehicle potentially capable of resolving the tension between religion and science. My contention is that the resolution between science and religion that Staver proposes comes at too great a cost—both to science and to religion. Instead I defend a different version of constructivism where humans are seen as capable of generating models of reality that do provide richer and more meaningful understandings of reality, over time and with respect both to science and to religion. I argue that scientific knowledge is a subset of religious knowledge and explore the implications of this for science education in general and when teaching about evolution in particular.

  2. Teaching Science Fact with Science Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raham, R. Gary

    2004-01-01

    The literature of science fiction packs up the facts and discoveries of science and runs off to futures filled with both wonders and warnings. Kids love to take the journeys it offers for the thrill of the ride, but they can learn as they travel, too. This book will provide the reader with: (1) an overview of the past 500 years of scientific…

  3. Discovery in Science and in Teaching Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kipnis, Nahum

    2007-01-01

    A proper presentation of scientific discoveries may allow science teachers to eliminate certain myths about the nature of science, which originate from an uncertainty among scholars about what constitutes a discovery. It is shown that a disagreement on this matter originates from a confusion of the act of discovery with response to it. It is…

  4. Physical Sciences 2007 Science & Technology Highlights

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hazi, A U

    2008-04-07

    The Physical Sciences Directorate applies frontier physics and technology to grand challenges in national security. Our highly integrated and multidisciplinary research program involves collaborations throughout Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the National Nuclear Security Administration, the Department of Energy, and with academic and industrial partners. The Directorate has a budget of approximately $150 million, and a staff of approximately 350 employees. Our scientists provide expertise in condensed matter and high-pressure physics, plasma physics, high-energy-density science, fusion energy science and technology, nuclear and particle physics, accelerator physics, radiation detection, optical science, biotechnology, and astrophysics. This document highlights the outstanding research and development activities in the Physical Sciences Directorate that made news in 2007. It also summarizes the awards and recognition received by members of the Directorate in 2007.

  5. Science and Shakespeare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mah, Steven; Chinnery, Charlene

    2003-01-01

    Describes an assignment in which the preservice teacher must find a connection between science and Shakespeare. Connects the science of the witches in Shakespeare's "Macbeth" to the holistic approach of education. (SG)

  6. National Academy of Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Roth applied economic theories to the kidney donor dilemma to save lives and cut medical costs. Read ... Forum Climate Choices Koshland Science Museum Exhibitions and Cultural Programs Distinctive Voices Lecture Series Science & Entertainment Exchange ...

  7. Integrating Forensic Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funkhouser, John; Deslich, Barbara J.

    2000-01-01

    Explains the implementation of forensic science in an integrated curriculum and discusses the advantages of this approach. Lists the forensic science course syllabi studied in three high schools. Discusses the unit on polymers in detail. (YDS)

  8. Science in General Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, Andrew F.

    2013-01-01

    General education must develop in students an appreciation of the power of science, how it works, why it is an effective knowledge generation tool, and what it can deliver. Knowing what science has discovered is desirable but less important.

  9. ICASE Computer Science Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    The Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering computer science program is discussed in outline form. Information is given on such topics as problem decomposition, algorithm development, programming languages, and parallel architectures.

  10. An Alternative Science Fair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romjue, Mary Kalen; Clementson, John J.

    1992-01-01

    Proposes the organization of noncompetitive science fairs to create a more positive learning experience for children in the elementary grades. Describes methods of organizing and judging the fair, and provides a list of suggested resources for science fair projects. (MDH)

  11. 76 FR 38430 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology... ). SUMMARY: The Subcommittee on Forensic Science (SoFS) of the National Science and Technology Council's... Science can be obtained through the Office of Science and Technology Policy's NSTC Web site at:......

  12. JSTOR Plant Science

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    JSTOR Plant Science is an online environment that brings together content, tools, and people interested in plant science. It provides access to foundational content vital to plant science – plant type specimens, taxonomic structures, scientific literature, and related materials, making them widely accessible to the plant science community as well as to researchers in other fields and to the public. It also provides an easy to use interface with powerful functionality that su...

  13. CAREERS IN INFORMATION SCIENCE,

    Science.gov (United States)

    Information Science . Sets forth that Information Science is concerned with the properties, behavior, and flow of information...Describes how it is used, both by individuals and in large systems. Discusses the opportunities in Information Science and outlines three relatively...6or participation in these career areas. Concludes that Information Science is a new but rapidly growing field pushing the frontiers of human knowledge and, thus, 3ontributing to human wellbeing and progress.

  14. Artificiality in Social Sciences

    OpenAIRE

    Rennard, Jean-Philippe

    2007-01-01

    This text provides with an introduction to the modern approach of artificiality and simulation in social sciences. It presents the relationship between complexity and artificiality, before introducing the field of artificial societies which greatly benefited from the computer power fast increase, gifting social sciences with formalization and experimentation tools previously owned by "hard" sciences alone. It shows that as "a new way of doing social sciences", artificial societies should undo...

  15. Science Fair Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Kevin

    2004-01-01

    Sciences fair season is a time when seasoned non-science teachers typically give up all hope of cramming any more knowledge into the heads of their students. It's just too much. However, non-science types might be missing out on a pretty good deal. The science department has got these kids in a pretty tight grip as far as the process and the…

  16. Social science that matters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flyvbjerg, Bent

    2006-01-01

    Social science is headed down a dead end toward mere scientism, becoming a second-rate version of the hard sciences. We neeed to recognise and support a different kind of social science research - and so should those who demand accountability from researchers. This paper asks what kind of social...... science we - scholars, policy makers, administrators - should and should not promote in democratic societies, and how we may hold social scientists accountable to deliver what we ask them for....

  17. Sunrise on Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casto, James E.

    1994-01-01

    Sunrise Museum's Science Hall in Charleston, WV, offers 30 hands-on exhibits that introduce children to science. Museum programs use a 9-foot soft-sculptured, unzippable doll to teach children about nutrition and basic anatomy and recruit representatives from local businesses and industry to conduct weekend science workshops. (LP)

  18. Fundamentals of soil science

    Science.gov (United States)

    This study guide provides comments and references for professional soil scientists who are studying for the soil science fundamentals exam needed as the first step for certification. The performance objectives were determined by the Soil Science Society of America's Council of Soil Science Examiners...

  19. Teaching Science through Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcox, Jesse; Kruse, Jerrid W.; Clough, Michael P.

    2015-01-01

    Science education efforts have long emphasized inquiry, and inquiry and scientific practices are prominent in contemporary science education reform documents (NRC 1996; NGSS Lead States 2013). However, inquiry has not become commonplace in science teaching, in part because of misunderstandings regarding what it means and entails (Demir and Abell…

  20. Sci-Fi Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freudenrich, Craig C.

    2000-01-01

    Recommends using science fiction television episodes, novels, and films for teaching science and motivating students. Studies Newton's Law of Motion, principles of relativity, journey to Mars, interplanetary trajectories, artificial gravity, and Martian geology. Discusses science fiction's ability to capture student interest and the advantages of…

  1. Demystifying Nature of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lederman, Judith; Bartels, Selina; Lederman, Norman; Gnanakkan, Dionysius

    2014-01-01

    With the emergence of the "Next Generation Science Standards" ("NGSS"; NGSS Lead States 2013), it is apparent that teaching and learning about nature of science (NOS) continues to be an important goal of science education for all K-12 students. With this emphasis on NOS, early childhood teachers are asking how to design…

  2. Emotionally Intense Science Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Donna; Ritchie, Stephen; Sandhu, Maryam; Henderson, Senka

    2015-01-01

    Science activities that evoke positive emotional responses make a difference to students' emotional experience of science. In this study, we explored 8th Grade students' discrete emotions expressed during science activities in a unit on Energy. Multiple data sources including classroom videos, interviews and emotion diaries completed at the end of…

  3. Newspaper space for science

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    In recent years, courses, events and incentive programs for scientific journalism and the divulgation of science have proliferated in Brazil. Part of this context is “Sunday is science day, history of a supplement from the post-war years”, a book published this year that is based on the Master’s degree research of Bernardo Esteves, a journalist specialized in science.

  4. History of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oversby, John

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses why the history of science should be included in the science curriculum in schools. He also presents some opportunities that can come out of using historical contexts, and findings from a study assessing the place of history of science in readily available textbooks.

  5. Science and Human Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Leon N.

    2015-01-01

    Part I. Science and Society: 1. Science and human experience; 2. Does science undermine our values?; 3. Can science serve mankind?; 4. Modern science and contemporary discomfort: metaphor and reality; 5. Faith and science; 6. Art and science; 7. Fraud in science; 8. Why study science? The keys to the cathedral; 9. Is evolution a theory? A modest proposal; 10. The silence of the second; 11. Introduction to Copenhagen; 12. The unpaid debt; Part II. Thought and Consciousness: 13. Source and limits of human intellect; 14. Neural networks; 15. Thought and mental experience: the Turing test; 16. Mind as machine: will we rubbish human experience?; 17. Memory and memories: a physicist's approach to the brain; 18. On the problem of consciousness; Part III. On the Nature and Limits of Science: 19. What is a good theory?; 20. Shall we deconstruct science?; 21. Visible and invisible in physical theory; 22. Experience and order; 23. The language of physics; 24. The structure of space; 25. Superconductivity and other insoluble problems; 26. From gravity to light and consciousness: does science have limits?

  6. Metabolomics in food science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cevallos-Cevallos, Juan Manuel; Reyes-De-Corcuera, José Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    Metabolomics, the newest member of the omics techniques, has become an important tool in agriculture, pharmacy, and environmental sciences. Advances in compound extraction, separation, detection, identification, and data analysis have allowed metabolomics applications in food sciences including food processing, quality, and safety. This chapter discusses recent advances and applications of metabolomics in food science.

  7. Super Science Fair Sourcebook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iritz, Maxine Haren

    This guide to science fair projects is designed for students and provides clear directions on how to complete a successful science project. Real projects are used as examples and information and advice is provided by teachers, judges, and participants and their families about the process. Topics covered in this book include choosing a science fair…

  8. Science Challenge Day

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    Science fairs can be good motivators, but as extracurricular activities, they leave some students behind. However, by staging a Science Challenge Day at school, educators can involve all students in doing everything from choosing activities to judging projects. This article presents a model for running a successful Science Challenge Day. The…

  9. Social Work and Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehlert, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    Interest has grown in the past few years about the place of social work in science. Questions remain, such as whether social work should be considered a science, and if so, where it fits into the constellation of sciences. This article attempts to shed light on these questions. After briefly considering past and present constructions of science…

  10. Science Comic Strips

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dae Hyun; Jang, Hae Gwon; Shin, Dong Sun; Kim, Sun-Ja; Yoo, Chang Young; Chung, Min Suk

    2012-01-01

    Science comic strips entitled Dr. Scifun were planned to promote science jobs and studies among professionals (scientists, graduate and undergraduate students) and children. To this end, the authors collected intriguing science stories as the basis of scenarios, and drew four-cut comic strips, first on paper and subsequently as computer files.…

  11. Remodeling Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hestenes, David

    2013-01-01

    Radical reform in science and mathematics education is needed to prepare citizens for challenges of the emerging knowledge-based global economy. We consider definite proposals to establish: (1) "Standards of science and math literacy" for all students. (2) "Integration of the science curriculum" with structure of matter,…

  12. ALMA science data management

    OpenAIRE

    Stoehr, Felix

    2015-01-01

    ALMA has transitioned now from the construction to the operation phase. We review the Science Data Management of ALMA including the concepts of Data Reduction, Quality Assurance as well as of the Science Archive. We also place the Science Data Management of ALMA into the larger context.

  13. Parental Engagement with Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bond, Joanna; Harbinson, Terence

    2010-01-01

    A programme of parental engagement with school science is described, in which parents and their children take part in scientific debate and practical science lessons. Three sessions, in biology, chemistry and physics, of this ongoing programme are described, through which parents have been able to support their children by learning science with…

  14. But Is It Science?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Mike; Salehjee, Saima; Essex, Jane

    2017-01-01

    Early years science education is not science, but a curricular construction designed to induct young children into a range of ideas and practices related to the natural world. While inquiry-based learning is an important approach to this, it is not of itself unique to science and there are a range of logico-mathematical constructions that come…

  15. Science as Golem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinch, Trevor

    1996-01-01

    A new view of science that goes beyond conventional perceptions of science as either good or bad is proposed. The new perspective sees science as process rather than product, bringing together scientific skills and human insight. It is seen as important for the public to understand that expert disagreement is part of the scientific enterprise.…

  16. Information science in transition

    CERN Document Server

    Gilchrist, Alan

    2013-01-01

    Are we at a turning point in digital information? The expansion of the internet is unprecedented. Will information science become part of computer science and does rise of the term informatics demonstrate convergence of information science and information technology - a convergence that must surely develop? This work reflects on such issues.

  17. Forensic Science Technician

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tech Directions, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Forensic science technicians, also called crime laboratory technicians or police science technicians, help solve crimes. They examine and identify physical evidence to reconstruct a crime scene. This article discusses everything students need to know about careers for forensic science technicians--wages, responsibilities, skills needed, career…

  18. New science on the Open Science Grid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pordes, R; Altunay, M; Sehgal, C [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States); Avery, P [University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Bejan, A; Gardner, R; Wilde, M [University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607 (United States); Blackburn, K [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Blatecky, A; McGee, J [Renaissance Computing Institute, Chapel Hill, NC 27517 (United States); Kramer, B; Olson, D; Roy, A [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Livny, M [University of Wisconsin, Madison, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Potekhin, M; Quick, R; Wenaus, T [Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Wuerthwein, F [University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States)], E-mail: ruth@fnal.gov

    2008-07-15

    The Open Science Grid (OSG) includes work to enable new science, new scientists, and new modalities in support of computationally based research. There are frequently significant sociological and organizational changes required in transformation from the existing to the new. OSG leverages its deliverables to the large-scale physics experiment member communities to benefit new communities at all scales through activities in education, engagement, and the distributed facility. This paper gives both a brief general description and specific examples of new science enabled on the OSG. More information is available at the OSG web site: www.opensciencegrid.org.

  19. New Science on the Open Science Grid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pordes, Ruth; Altunay, Mine; Avery, Paul; Bejan, Alina; Blackburn, Kent; Blatecky, Alan; Gardner, Rob; Kramer, Bill; Livny, Miron; McGee, John; Potekhin, Maxim; /Fermilab /Florida U. /Chicago U. /Caltech /LBL, Berkeley /Wisconsin U., Madison /Indiana U. /Brookhaven /UC, San Diego

    2008-06-01

    The Open Science Grid (OSG) includes work to enable new science, new scientists, and new modalities in support of computationally based research. There are frequently significant sociological and organizational changes required in transformation from the existing to the new. OSG leverages its deliverables to the large scale physics experiment member communities to benefit new communities at all scales through activities in education, engagement and the distributed facility. As a partner to the poster and tutorial at SciDAC 2008, this paper gives both a brief general description and some specific examples of new science enabled on the OSG. More information is available at the OSG web site: www.opensciencegrid.org.

  20. New Science on the Open Science Grid

    CERN Document Server

    Board, The Open Science Grid Executive; Pordes, Ruth; Altunay, Mine; Avery, Paul; Bejan, Alina; Blackburn, Kent; Blatecky, Alan; Gardner, Rob; Kramer, Bill; Livny, Miron; McGee, John; Potekhin, Maxim; Quick, Rob; Olson, Doug; Roy, Alain; Sehgal, Chander; Wenaus, Torre; Wilde, Mike; Wuerthwein, Frank

    2012-01-01

    The Open Science Grid (OSG) includes work to enable new science, new scientists, and new modalities in support of computationally based research. There are frequently significant sociological and organizational changes required in transformation from the existing to the new. OSG leverages its deliverables to the large scale physics experiment member communities to benefit new communities at all scales through activities in education, engagement and the distributed facility. As a partner to the poster and tutorial at SciDAC 2008, this paper gives both a brief general description and some specific examples of new science enabled on the OSG. More information is available at the OSG web site: (http://www.opensciencegrid.org).

  1. Chemistry and Science Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stocker, Jack H.

    1998-11-01

    This lively collection looks at science as filtered through literature, film, and television. It discusses classic works in science fiction and provides an in-depth look at the chemistry depicted in popular culture, particularly in Start Trek , Star Wars , and Doctor Who . It includes an examination by Nebula Award winner Connie Willis of how science fiction authors use science, and reprints two tongue-in-cheek short stories by Isaac Asimov. The book also includes suggestions for using science fiction as an educational resource.

  2. Networks in Cognitive Science

    CERN Document Server

    Baronchelli, Andrea; Pastor-Satorras, Romualdo; Chater, Nick; Christiansen, Morten H

    2013-01-01

    Networks of interconnected nodes have long played a key role in cognitive science, from artificial neural networks to spreading activation models of semantic memory. Recently, however, a new Network Science has been developed, providing insights into the emergence of global, system-scale properties in contexts as diverse as the Internet, metabolic reactions or collaborations among scientists. Today, the inclusion of network theory into cognitive sciences, and the expansion of complex systems science, promises to significantly change the way in which the organization and dynamics of cognitive and behavioral processes are understood. In this paper, we review recent contributions of network theory at different levels and domains within the cognitive sciences.

  3. BES Science Network Requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biocca, Alan; Carlson, Rich; Chen, Jackie; Cotter, Steve; Tierney, Brian; Dattoria, Vince; Davenport, Jim; Gaenko, Alexander; Kent, Paul; Lamm, Monica; Miller, Stephen; Mundy, Chris; Ndousse, Thomas; Pederson, Mark; Perazzo, Amedeo; Popescu, Razvan; Rouson, Damian; Sekine, Yukiko; Sumpter, Bobby; Dart, Eli; Wang, Cai-Zhuang -Z; Whitelam, Steve; Zurawski, Jason

    2011-02-01

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivityfor the US Department of Energy Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of the Office ofScience programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years.

  4. The Double Helix: Why Science Needs Science Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreadis, Athena

    2003-01-01

    Discusses why science needs science fiction, commenting on the author's book about science that draws heavily on the "Star Trek" series. The best science, in spite of popular thinking, comes from leaps of intuition, and science fiction provides a creative spark that encourages participation in science. (SLD)

  5. WikiScience: Wikipedia for science and technology

    OpenAIRE

    Aibar Puentes, Eduard

    2015-01-01

    Peer-reviewed Presentació de la conferència "WikiScience: Wikipedia for science and technology". Presentación de la conferencia "WikiScience: Wikipedia for science and technology". Presentation of the conference "Science Wiki: Wikipedia for science and technology".

  6. Science Process Skills in Science Curricula Applied in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yumusak, Güngör Keskinkiliç

    2016-01-01

    One of the most important objectives of the science curricula is to bring in science process skills. The science process skills are skills that lie under scientific thinking and decision-making. Thus it is important for a science curricula to be rationalized in such a way that it brings in science process skills. New science curricula were…

  7. Media, risk and science

    CERN Document Server

    Allan, Stuart

    2002-01-01

    How is science represented by the media? Who defines what counts as a risk, threat or hazard, and why? In what ways do media images of science shape public perceptions? What can cultural and media studies tell us about current scientific controversies? "Media, Risk and Science" is an exciting exploration into an array of important issues, providing a much needed framework for understanding key debates on how the media represent science and risk. In a highly effective way, Stuart Allan weaves together insights from multiple strands of research across diverse disciplines. Among the themes he examines are: the role of science in science fiction, such as "Star Trek"; the problem of 'pseudo-science' in "The X-Files"; and how science is displayed in science museums. Science journalism receives particular attention, with the processes by which science is made 'newsworthy' unravelled for careful scrutiny. The book also includes individual chapters devoted to how the media portray environmental risks, HIV-AIDS, food s...

  8. The science writing tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuhart, Arthur L.

    This is a two-part dissertation. The primary part is the text of a science-based composition rhetoric and reader called The Science Writing Tool. This textbook has seven chapters dealing with topics in Science Rhetoric. Each chapter includes a variety of examples of science writing, discussion questions, writing assignments, and instructional resources. The purpose of this text is to introduce lower-division college science majors to the role that rhetoric and communication plays in the conduct of Science, and how these skills contribute to a successful career in Science. The text is designed as a "tool kit," for use by an instructor constructing a science-based composition course or a writing-intensive Science course. The second part of this part of this dissertation reports on student reactions to draft portions of The Science Writing Tool text. In this report, students of English Composition II at Northern Virginia Community College-Annandale were surveyed about their attitudes toward course materials and topics included. The findings were used to revise and expand The Science Writing Tool.

  9. Science policy up close

    CERN Document Server

    Marburger, John H

    2015-01-01

    In a career that included tenures as president of Stony Brook University, director of Brookhaven National Laboratory, and science advisor to President George W. Bush, John Marburger (1941 2011) found himself on the front line of battles that pulled science ever deeper into the political arena. From nuclear power to global warming and stem cell research, science controversies, he discovered, are never just about science. Science Policy Up Close" presents Marburger s reflections on the challenges science administrators face in the twenty-first century. In each phase of public service Marburger came into contact with a new dimension of science policy. The Shoreham Commission exposed him to the problem of handling a volatile public controversy over nuclear power. The Superconducting Super Collider episode gave him insights into the collision between government requirements and scientists expectations and feelings of entitlement. The Directorship of Brookhaven taught him how to talk to the public about the risks ...

  10. Games in Science Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magnussen, Rikke

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a categorisation of science game formats in relation to the educational possibilities or limitations they offer in science education. This includes discussion of new types of science game formats and gamification of science. Teaching with the use of games and simulations...... in science education dates back to the 1970s and early 80s were the potentials of games and simulations was discussed extensively as the new teaching tool ( Ellington et al. , 1981). In the early 90s the first ITC -based games for exploration of science and technical subjects was developed (Egenfeldt......-Nielsen, 2005). After the turn of the millennium, there has been an increasing awareness both on potentials in using commercial computer games in science education, and on developing so serious games for scientific subjects such as chemistry, physics and biology (Squire & Klopfer, 2007; Shaffer, 2006; Magnussen...

  11. A guided science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valsiner, Jaan

    That sciences are guided by explicit and implicit ties to their surrounding social world is not new. Jaan Valsiner fills in the wide background of scholarship on the history of science, the recent focus on social studies of sciences, and the cultural and cognitive analyses of knowledge making....... The theoretical scheme that he uses to explain the phenomena of social guidance of science comes from his thinking about processes of development in general—his theory of bounded indeterminacy—and on the relations of human beings with their culturally organized environments. Valsiner examines reasons for the slow...... and nonlinear progress of ideas in psychology as a science at the border of natural and social sciences. Why is that intellectual progress occurs in different countries at different times? Most responses are self-serving blinders for presenting science as a given rather than understanding it as a deeply human...

  12. How to Motivate Science Teachers to Use Science Experiments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Trna

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A science experiment is the core tool in science education. This study describes the science teachers' professional competence to implement science experiments in teaching/learning science. The main objective is the motivation of science teachers to use science experiments. The presented research tries to answer questions aimed at the science teachers' skills to use science experiments in teaching/learning science. The research discovered the following facts: science teachers do not include science experiments in teaching/learning in a suitable way; are not able to choose science experiments corresponding to the teaching phase; prefer teachers' demonstration of science experiments; are not able to improvise with the aids; use only a few experiments. The important research result is that an important motivational tool for science teachers is the creation of simple experiments. Examples of motivational simple experiments used into teachers' training for increasing their own creativity and motivation are presented.

  13. Cassini science planning process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paczkowski, Brian G.; Ray, Trina L.

    2004-01-01

    The mission design for Cassini-Huygens calls for a four-year orbital survey of the Saturnian system and the descent into the Titan atmosphere and eventual soft-landing of the Huygens probe. The Cassini orbiter tour consists of 76 orbits around Saturn with 44 close Titan flybys and 8 targeted icy satellite flybys. The Cassini orbiter spacecraft carries twelve scientific instruments that will perform a wide range of observations on a multitude of designated targets. The science opportunities, frequency of encounters, the length of the Tour, and the use of distributed operations pose significant challenges for developing the science plan for the orbiter mission. The Cassini Science Planning Process is the process used to develop and integrate the science and engineering plan that incorporates an acceptable level of science required to meet the primary mission objectives far the orbiter. The bulk of the integrated science and engineering plan will be developed prior to Saturn Orbit Insertion (Sol). The Science Planning Process consists of three elements: 1) the creation of the Tour Atlas, which identifies the science opportunities in the tour, 2) the development of the Science Operations Plan (SOP), which is the conflict-free timeline of all science observations and engineering activities, a constraint-checked spacecraft pointing profile, and data volume allocations to the science instruments, and 3) an Aftermarket and SOP Update process, which is used to update the SOP while in tour with the latest information on spacecraft performance, science opportunities, and ephemerides. This paper will discuss the various elements of the Science Planning Process used on the Cassini Mission to integrate, implement, and adapt the science and engineering activity plans for Tour.

  14. Exoplanet Science in the National Science Olympiad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komacek, Thaddeus D.; Young, Donna

    2015-11-01

    The National Science Olympiad is one of the United States' largest science competitions, reaching over 6,000 schools in 48 states. The Olympiad includes a wide variety of events, stretching a full range of potential future STEM careers, from biological sciences to engineering to earth and space sciences. The Astronomy event has been a mainstay at the high school level for well over a decade, and nominally focuses on aspects of stellar evolution. For the 2014-2015 competition season, the event focus was aligned to include exoplanet discovery and characterization along with star formation. Teams studied both the qualitative features of exoplanets and exoplanetary systems and the quantitative aspects behind their discovery and characterization, including basic calculations with the transit and radial velocity methods. Students were also expected to have a qualitative understanding of stellar evolution and understand the differences between classes of young stars including T Tauri and FU Orionis variables, and Herbig Ae/Be stars. Based on the successes of this event topic, we are continuing this event into the 2015-2016 academic year. The key modification is the selection of new exoplanetary systems for students to research. We welcome feedback from the community on how to improve the event and the related educational resources that are created for Science Olympiad students and coaches. We also encourage any interested community members to contact your regional or state Science Olympiad tournament directors and volunteer to organize competitions and supervise events locally.

  15. Science for Diplomacy, Diplomacy for Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colglazier, E. Wiliam

    2015-04-01

    I was a strong proponent of ``science diplomacy'' when I became Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State in 2011. I thought I knew a lot about the subject after being engaged for four decades on international S&T policy issues and having had distinguished scientists as mentors who spent much of their time using science as a tool for building better relations between countries and working to make the world more peaceful, prosperous, and secure. I learned a lot from my three years inside the State Department, including great appreciation and respect for the real diplomats who work to defuse conflicts and avoid wars. But I also learned a lot about science diplomacy, both using science to advance diplomacy and diplomacy to advance science. My talk will focus on the five big things that I learned, and from that the one thing where I am focusing my energies to try to make a difference now that I am a private citizen again.

  16. The World Science Festival

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pazmino, J.

    2012-06-01

    (Abstract only) New York City in the late 20th century rose to be a planetary capital for the sciences, not just astronomy. This growth was mainly in the academic sector but a parallel growth occurred in the public and home field. With the millennium crossing, scientists in New York agitated for a celebration of the City as a place for a thriving science culture. In 2008 they began World Science Festival. 2011 is the fourth running, on June 1-5, following the AAVSO/AAS meetings. World Science Festival was founded by Dr. Brian Greene, Columbia University, and is operated through the World Science Foundation. The Festival is "saturation science" all over Manhattan in a series of lectures, shows, exhibits, performances. It is staged in "science" venues like colleges and musea, but also in off-science spaces like theaters and galleries. It is a blend from hard science, with lectures like those by us astronomers, to science-themed works of art, dance, music. Events are fitted for the public, either for free or a modest fee. While almost all events are on Manhattan, effort has been made to geographically disperse them, even to the outer boroughs. The grand finale of World Science Festival is a street fair in Washington Square. Science centers in booths, tents, and pavilions highlight their work. In past years this fair drew 100,000 to 150,000 visitors. The entire Festival attracts about a quarter-million attendees. NYSkies is a proud participant at the Washington Square fair. It interprets the "Earth to the Universe" display, debuting during IYA-2009. Attendance at "Earth..." on just the day of the fair plausibly is half of all visitors in America. The presentation shows the scale and scope of World Science Festival, its relation to the City, and how our astronomers work with it.

  17. Science enrichment through informal science. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katz, P.

    1996-07-01

    Hands On Science Outreach (HOSO) is a program of informal science education. Its mission is to bring to communities the option of out-of-school science explorations to small groups of children from the ages of 4-12. Such experiences encourage children to enjoy science without the fear of the consequences of failure that can occur in a formal school setting. It can start them on a life long pattern of participation, awareness and perhaps career interest, motivated by this kind of pleasurable learning. Since HOSO binds together adult training, materials and written guides, many of those not professionally employed in education, including parents, can and do become involved in {open_quotes}science for the fun of it.{close_quotes} The DOE grant to the HOSO program has funded the delivery of HOSO programming to five selected sites over the 1992-96 school years. It is the intention of both the DOE and HOSO to reach children who might otherwise not be able to afford the programming, with emphasis on underrepresented minorities. HOSO has developed fall, winter and spring theme-oriented informal science sessions on four age/grade levels. One hour classes take place once a week for eight weeks per session. At the original Washington, D.C. site, the program uses a mentoring model named STEPS (Successful Teaming for Educational Partnerships in Science) in partnership with the District of Columbia Schools, as well as HOSO and the DOE. That model continues to work in Washington, D.C. and has been replicated in parts of the Sacramento and Denver sites.

  18. 75 FR 10845 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology... Subcommittee on Forensic Science of the National Science and Technology Council's (NSTC's) Committee on...

  19. 75 FR 4882 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology... ). SUMMARY: The Subcommittee on Forensic Science (SOFS) of the National Science and Technology Council's... the Office of Science and Technology Policy's NSTC Web site at http://www.ostp.gov/cs/nstc or...

  20. 76 FR 6163 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ... No: 2011-2440] OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council ACTION: Notice of meeting. Public input is requested... National Science and Technology Council's (NSTC's) Committee on Science will host a public forum...

  1. Environmental Science: 49 Science Fair Projects. Science Fair Projects Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnet, Robert L.; Keen, G. Daniel

    This book contains 49 science fair projects designed for 6th to 9th grade students. Projects are organized by the topics of soil, ecology (projects in habitat and life cycles), pests and controls (projects in weeds and insects), recycling (projects in resources and conservation), waste products (projects in decomposition), microscopic organisms,…

  2. U-Science (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borne, K. D.

    2009-12-01

    The emergence of e-Science over the past decade as a paradigm for Internet-based science was an inevitable evolution of science that built upon the web protocols and access patterns that were prevalent at that time, including Web Services, XML-based information exchange, machine-to-machine communication, service registries, the Grid, and distributed data. We now see a major shift in web behavior patterns to social networks, user-provided content (e.g., tags and annotations), ubiquitous devices, user-centric experiences, and user-led activities. The inevitable accrual of these social networking patterns and protocols by scientists and science projects leads to U-Science as a new paradigm for online scientific research (i.e., ubiquitous, user-led, untethered, You-centered science). U-Science applications include components from semantic e-science (ontologies, taxonomies, folksonomies, tagging, annotations, and classification systems), which is much more than Web 2.0-based science (Wikis, blogs, and online environments like Second Life). Among the best examples of U-Science are Citizen Science projects, including Galaxy Zoo, Stardust@Home, Project Budburst, Volksdata, CoCoRaHS (the Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow network), and projects utilizing Volunteer Geographic Information (VGI). There are also scientist-led projects for scientists that engage a wider community in building knowledge through user-provided content. Among the semantic-based U-Science projects for scientists are those that specifically enable user-based annotation of scientific results in databases. These include the Heliophysics Knowledgebase, BioDAS, WikiProteins, The Entity Describer, and eventually AstroDAS. Such collaborative tagging of scientific data addresses several petascale data challenges for scientists: how to find the most relevant data, how to reuse those data, how to integrate data from multiple sources, how to mine and discover new knowledge in large databases, how to

  3. Animal science in the context of food consumer science:

    OpenAIRE

    Pohar, Jurij

    2012-01-01

    The food consumer science as the science with the ambition to overcome the difference between food science and consumer science is presented. The major stakeholders involved are listed and the role of animal science and animal scientists within the framework of food consumer science is discoursed. The importance of animal scientists to understand the complexity of food consumer science knowledge system and need for them to broaden the scope of interest beyond the traditional area of expertise...

  4. Science, expertise, and democracy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinberg, Justin; Elliott, Kevin C

    2012-06-01

    The combination of government's significant involvement in science, science's significant effects on the public, and public ignorance (of both politics and science) raise important challenges for reconciling scientific expertise with democratic governance. Nevertheless, there have recently been a variety of encouraging efforts to make scientific activity more responsive to social values and to develop citizens' capacity to engage in more effective democratic governance of science. This essay introduces a special issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, "Science, Expertise, and Democracy," consisting of five papers that developed from the inaugural Three Rivers Philosophy conference held at the University of South Carolina in April 2011. The pieces range from a general analysis of the in-principle compatibility of scientific expertise and democracy to much more concrete studies of the intersection between scientific practices and democratic values in areas such as weight-of-evidence analysis, climate science, and studies of locally undesirable land uses.

  5. THE IMPURITY OF SCIENCE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calvin, Melvin

    1962-04-19

    Science is impure in two ways. There is not a 'pure' science. By this I mean that physics impinges on astronomy, on the one hand, and chemistry on biology on the other. And not only does each support its neighbors but derives sustenance from them. The same can be said of chemistry. Biology is, perhaps, the example par excellence today of an 'impure' science. Beyond this, there is no 'pure' science itself divorced from human values. The importance of science to the humanities and the humanities to science in their complementary contribution to the variety of human life grows daily. The need for men familiar with both is imperative. We are faced today with a social decision resulting from our progress in molecular genetics at least equal to, and probably greater than, that required of us twenty years ago with the maturity of nuclear power.

  6. NEWS: Why choose science?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-05-01

    National concerns over the uptake of science subjects and an analysis of how school science departments together with careers programmes influence students' subject choices feature in a recent report from the UK's National Institute for Careers Education and Counselling. It points out that decisions on science subjects are taken very early in pupils' education, often well before the implications of those choices can be clearly understood. If pupils are to be encouraged to keep science options open, then both science teachers and careers advisers have important roles to play. Physics is in fact singled out in the report's recommendations as in need of special attention, due to its perceived difficulty both within the double-award science course and also at A-level. The lack of qualified teachers in physics is noted as a problem for schools and the many initiatives to address these issues should be encouraged according to the report, but within an overall high-profile and well funded national strategy for developing science education in schools. The report also notes that science teachers do not feel able to keep up with career information, whilst few careers advisers have a science background and have little opportunity to build up their knowledge of science syllabuses or of science and engineering careers. More contact between both types of specialist is naturally advocated. Copies of the full report, Choosing Science at 16 by Mary Munro and David Elsom, are available from NICEC, Sheraton House, Castle Park, Cambridge CB3 0AX on receipt of an A4 stamped (70p) addressed envelope. A NICEC briefing summary is also available from the same address (20p stamp required).

  7. Web Science 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Boucher, Andy; Cameron, David; Gaver, William; Hauenstein, Mark; Jarvis, Nadine; Kerridge, Tobie; Michael, Mike; Ovalle, Liliana; Pennington, Sarah; Wilkie, Alex

    2015-01-01

    Web Science 2015 conference exhibition. Web Science is the emergent study of the people and technologies, applications, processes and practices that shape and are shaped by the World Wide Web. Web Science aims to draw together theories, methods and findings from across academic disciplines, and to collaborate with industry, business, government and civil society, to develop knowledge and understanding of the Web: the largest socio-technical infrastructure in human history.

  8. Speaking Up For Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Connie M

    2016-04-01

    Communicating science and being an advocate for public support of research are critical roles for scientists. However, despite having the most relevant expertise, many of us do not get involved in matters bridging science and policy. Here I discuss the importance of science advocacy by researchers, and present strategies for communicating the relevance of your work to the public and elected officials, including the crafting of a two-minute pitch - a valuable skill for all scientists.

  9. Science and Team Development

    OpenAIRE

    Bryan R. Cole; Ralitsa B. Akins

    2006-01-01

    This paper explores a new idea about the future development of science and teams, and predicts its possible applications in science, education, workforce development and research. The inter-relatedness of science and teamwork developments suggests a growing importance of team facilitators’ quality, as well as the criticality of detailed studies of teamwork processes and team consortiums to address the increasing complexity of exponential knowledge growth and work interdependency. In the fu...

  10. Newspaper space for science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta M. Kanashiro

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, courses, events and incentive programs for scientific journalism and the divulgation of science have proliferated in Brazil. Part of this context is “Sunday is science day, history of a supplement from the post-war years”, a book published this year that is based on the Master’s degree research of Bernardo Esteves, a journalist specialized in science.

  11. Data-intensive science

    CERN Document Server

    Critchlow, Terence

    2013-01-01

    Data-intensive science has the potential to transform scientific research and quickly translate scientific progress into complete solutions, policies, and economic success. But this collaborative science is still lacking the effective access and exchange of knowledge among scientists, researchers, and policy makers across a range of disciplines. Bringing together leaders from multiple scientific disciplines, Data-Intensive Science shows how a comprehensive integration of various techniques and technological advances can effectively harness the vast amount of data being generated and significan

  12. COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE CENTER

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DAVENPORT,J.

    2004-11-01

    The Brookhaven Computational Science Center brings together researchers in biology, chemistry, physics, and medicine with applied mathematicians and computer scientists to exploit the remarkable opportunities for scientific discovery which have been enabled by modern computers. These opportunities are especially great in computational biology and nanoscience, but extend throughout science and technology and include for example, nuclear and high energy physics, astrophysics, materials and chemical science, sustainable energy, environment, and homeland security.

  13. Philosophy of Computer Science

    OpenAIRE

    Aatami Järvinen; Adele Mustonen; Jaana Ihalainen; Kaarle Lajunen

    2014-01-01

    The diversity and interdisciplinary of Computer Sciences, and the multiplicity of its uses in other sciences make it difficult to define them and prescribe how to perform them. Furthermore, also cause friction between computer scientists from different branches. Because of how they are structured, these sciences programs are criticized for not offer an adequate methodological training, or a deep understanding of different research traditions. To collaborate on a solution, some have decided to...

  14. Data science for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Pierson, Lillian

    2015-01-01

    Discover how data science can help you gain in-depth insight into your business - the easy way! Jobs in data science abound, but few people have the data science skills needed to fill these increasingly important roles in organizations. Data Science For Dummies is the perfect starting point for IT professionals and students interested in making sense of their organization's massive data sets and applying their findings to real-world business scenarios. From uncovering rich data sources to managing large amounts of data within hardware and software limitations, ensuring consistency in report

  15. Great Lakes Science Center

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Since 1927, Great Lakes Science Center (GLSC) research has provided critical information for the sound management of Great Lakes fish populations and other important...

  16. Bushy-Tailed Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Yang

    2011-01-01

    Can people actually sleep with their eyes open? What causes red dyes to run in the wash? Why do headphone wires get twisted inside jacket pockets?DON'T bother asking your friends for the answers.Ask the Squirrels.The Science Squirrels Club is a Chinese Internet community founded by a group of science enthusiasts.Over the past three years the club has attracted heaps of young people across China,triggering a kind of scientific renaissance in China.The Squirrels,with their stylish take on science,are watching their slogan of "Making Science Popular" come true.

  17. INFORMATION SCIENCES, 1965

    Science.gov (United States)

    identification and classification, (c) transmission of information, (d) adaptive and self-organizing systems, (e) language and linguistics research, and (f) theoretical foundations of information sciences .

  18. Handbook of information science

    CERN Document Server

    Stock, Wolfgang G

    2013-01-01

    Dealing with information is one of the vital skills in thetwenty-first century. It takes a fair degree of information savvy to create, represent and supply information as well as to search for and retrieve relevant knowledge. This Handbook is a basic work of information science, providing a comprehensive overview of the current state of information retrieval and knowledge representation. It addresses readers from all professions and scientific disciplines, but particularly scholars, practitioners and students of Information Science, Library Science, Computer Science, Information Management, an

  19. Physical Sciences Laboratory (PSL)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — PNNL's Physical Sciences Laboratory (PSL) houses 22 research laboratories for conducting a wide-range of research including catalyst formulation, chemical analysis,...

  20. Data Science Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Data Science is emerging as a critical area of research and technology to advance scientific discovery, knowledge and decision making through systematic...

  1. Practical data science cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Ojeda, Tony; Bengfort, Benjamin; Dasgupta, Abhijit

    2014-01-01

    If you are an aspiring data scientist who wants to learn data science and numerical programming concepts through hands-on, real-world project examples, this is the book for you. Whether you are brand new to data science or you are a seasoned expert, you will benefit from learning about the structure of data science projects, the steps in the data science pipeline, and the programming examples presented in this book. Since the book is formatted to walk you through the projects with examples and explanations along the way, no prior programming experience is required.

  2. Agricultural science and ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerris, Mickey; Vaarst, Mette

    2014-01-01

    , about 20 % of the world's coral reefs and 35 % of the mangrove areas were lost (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005). In the following, the development of agricultural science will be sketched out and the role of ethics in agricultural science will be discussed. Then different views of nature that have...... shaped agriculture and the role of science in agriculture will be discussed by analyzing some of the presumptions behind the concept of ecosystem services and the way animals are viewed. Finally, the concepts of animal welfare and sustainability will be explored to show how they make vivid the connection...... between agricultural science and ethics....

  3. BER Science Network Requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alapaty, Kiran; Allen, Ben; Bell, Greg; Benton, David; Brettin, Tom; Canon, Shane; Dart, Eli; Cotter, Steve; Crivelli, Silvia; Carlson, Rich; Dattoria, Vince; Desai, Narayan; Egan, Richard; Tierney, Brian; Goodwin, Ken; Gregurick, Susan; Hicks, Susan; Johnston, Bill; de Jong, Bert; Kleese van Dam, Kerstin; Livny, Miron; Markowitz, Victor; McGraw, Jim; McCord, Raymond; Oehmen, Chris; Regimbal, Kevin; Shipman, Galen; Strand, Gary; Flick, Jeff; Turnbull, Susan; Williams, Dean; Zurawski, Jason

    2010-11-01

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In April 2010 ESnet and the Office of Biological and Environmental Research, of the DOE Office of Science, organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the science programs funded by BER. The requirements identified at the workshop are summarized and described in more detail in the case studies and the Findings section. A number of common themes emerged from the case studies and workshop discussions. One is that BER science, like many other disciplines, is becoming more and more distributed and collaborative in nature. Another common theme is that data set sizes are exploding. Climate Science in particular is on the verge of needing to manage exabytes of data, and Genomics is on the verge of a huge paradigm shift in the number of sites with sequencers and the amount of sequencer data being generated.

  4. [How to distinguish science from non science].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antiseri, D

    1991-01-01

    The questions discussed in this article concern the demarcation between scientific theories and non scientific theories. The problem is not only an epistemological one, but it implies also ethical and social consequences. For example, is it acceptable for an European country to allow the practice of non-traditional medicines which are not yet considered officially as scientific? According to Karl Popper, the author discusses the following points: 1. Is there a logical asymmetry between the verification and the falsification of a theory? 2. The criterion of falsifiability demarcates science from non-science. 3. There is no automatic method to find new theories. 4. The facts of science are discovered by scientists through theories. 5. The scientific method is only one and it consists of these three steps: problems-theories-refutations. The article's core is that the rational physician is the one who kills (falsifies) his own diagnosis instead of his own patients.

  5. The Fort Collins Science Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Juliette T.; Banowetz, Michele M.

    2012-01-01

    With a focus on biological research, the U.S. Geological Survey Fort Collins Science Center (FORT) develops and disseminates science-based information and tools to support natural resource decision-making. This brochure succinctly describes the integrated science capabilities, products, and services that the FORT science community offers across the disciplines of aquatic systems, ecosystem dynamics, information science, invasive species science, policy analysis and social science assistance, and trust species and habitats.

  6. Energy, information science, and systems science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wallace, Terry C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mercer - Smith, Janet A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-02-01

    This presentation will discuss global trends in population, energy consumption, temperature changes, carbon dioxide emissions, and energy security programs at Los Alamos National Laboratory. LANL's capabilities support vital national security missions and plans for the future. LANL science supports the energy security focus areas of impacts of Energy Demand Growth, Sustainable Nuclear Energy, and Concepts and Materials for Clean Energy. The innovation pipeline at LANL spans discovery research through technology maturation and deployment. The Lab's climate science capabilities address major issues. Examples of modeling and simulation for the Coupled Ocean and Sea Ice Model (COSIM) and interactions of turbine wind blades and turbulence will be given.

  7. Theoretical computer science and the natural sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchal, Bruno

    2005-12-01

    I present some fundamental theorems in computer science and illustrate their relevance in Biology and Physics. I do not assume prerequisites in mathematics or computer science beyond the set N of natural numbers, functions from N to N, the use of some notational conveniences to describe functions, and at some point, a minimal amount of linear algebra and logic. I start with Cantor's transcendental proof by diagonalization of the non enumerability of the collection of functions from natural numbers to the natural numbers. I explain why this proof is not entirely convincing and show how, by restricting the notion of function in terms of discrete well defined processes, we are led to the non algorithmic enumerability of the computable functions, but also-through Church's thesis-to the algorithmic enumerability of partial computable functions. Such a notion of function constitutes, with respect to our purpose, a crucial generalization of that concept. This will make easy to justify deep and astonishing (counter-intuitive) incompleteness results about computers and similar machines. The modified Cantor diagonalization will provide a theory of concrete self-reference and I illustrate it by pointing toward an elementary theory of self-reproduction-in the Amoeba's way-and cellular self-regeneration-in the flatworm Planaria's way. To make it easier, I introduce a very simple and powerful formal system known as the Schoenfinkel-Curry combinators. I will use the combinators to illustrate in a more concrete way the notion introduced above. The combinators, thanks to their low-level fine grained design, will also make it possible to make a rough but hopefully illuminating description of the main lessons gained by the careful observation of nature, and to describe some new relations, which should exist between computer science, the science of life and the science of inert matter, once some philosophical, if not theological, hypotheses are made in the cognitive sciences. In the

  8. Romanticism and Romantic Science: Their Contribution to Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis; Schulz, Roland

    2014-01-01

    The unique contributions of romanticism and romantic science have been generally ignored or undervalued in history and philosophy of science studies and science education. Although more recent research in history of science has come to delineate the value of both topics for the development of modern science, their merit for the educational field…

  9. [What is sustainability science?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jian-Guo; Guo, Xiao-Chuan; Yang, Jie; Qian, Gui-Xia; Niu, Jian-Ming; Liang, Cun-Zhu; Zhang, Qing; Li, Ang

    2014-01-01

    Sustainability is the theme of our time and also the grandest challenge to humanity. Since the 1970s, the term, sustainable development, has frequently appeared in the scientific literature, governmental documents, media promotions for public goods, and commercial advertisements. However, the science that provides the theoretical foundation and practical guidance for sustainable development--sustainability science--only began to emerge in the beginning of the 21st century. Nevertheless, the field has rapidly developed in depth and expanded in scope during the past decade, with its core concepts and research methods coalescing. China, as the most populous country in the world and home to the philosophical root of sustainability science-the unity of man and nature, is obligated to take upon the challenge of our time, to facilitate global sustainability while pursuing the Chinese Dream, and to play a leading role in the development of sustainability science. Toward this grandiose goal, this paper presents the first Chinese introduction to sustainability science, which discusses its basic concepts, research questions, and future directions. Sustainability science is the study of the dynamic relationship between humans and the environment, particularly focusing on the vulnerability, robustness, resilience, and stability of the coupled human-environment system. It is a transdisciplinary science that integrates natural sciences with humanities and social sciences. It hinges on the environment-economy-society nexus, and merges basic and applied research. The key components of sustainability often change with time, place, and culture, and thus sustainability science needs to emphasize multi-scale studies in space and time, with emphasis on landscapes and regions over a horizon of 50 to 100 years. It needs to focus on the relationship between ecosystem services and human well-being, as influenced by biodiversity and ecosystem processes as well as climate change, land use

  10. The Significance of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pielke, R.

    2002-05-01

    Whether global warming, terrestrial carbon sinks, ecosystem functioning, genetically modified organisms, cloning, vaccination or chemicals in the environment, science is increasingly the battlefield on which political advocates, not least lawyers and commercial interests, manipulate `facts' to their preferred direction, which fosters the politicization of science. Debate putatively over science increasingly relies on tactics such as ad hominem attacks and criticism of process (for example, peer review or sources of funding), through paid advertisements, press releases and other publicity campaigns. As political battles are waged through `science', many scientists are willing to adopt tactics of demagoguery and character assassination as well as, or even instead of, reasoned argument, as in aspects of debate over genetically modified crops or global warming. Science is becoming yet another playing field for power politics, complete with the trappings of media spin and a win-at-all-costs attitude. Sadly, much of what science can offer policymakers, and hence society, is lost. This talk will use cases from the atmospheric sciences as points of departure to explore the politicization of science from several perspectives and address questions such as: Is it a problem? For whom and what outcomes? What are the alternatives to business-as-usual?

  11. The Sound of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merwade, Venkatesh; Eichinger, David; Harriger, Bradley; Doherty, Erin; Habben, Ryan

    2014-01-01

    While the science of sound can be taught by explaining the concept of sound waves and vibrations, the authors of this article focused their efforts on creating a more engaging way to teach the science of sound--through engineering design. In this article they share the experience of teaching sound to third graders through an engineering challenge…

  12. The Nature of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billingsley, Berry

    2013-01-01

    The view that science and religion are conflicting ways of understanding the world is widely and frequently presented in the media and may be the view held by most children. It is not the only view, however, and there are many scientists who have a religious faith. Usefully perhaps, for those who are interested in science education, examining…

  13. Measuring Adolescent Science Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumm, Maximiliane F.; Bogner, Franz X.

    2016-01-01

    To monitor science motivation, 232 tenth graders of the college preparatory level ("Gymnasium") completed the Science Motivation Questionnaire II (SMQ-II). Additionally, personality data were collected using a 10-item version of the Big Five Inventory. A subsequent exploratory factor analysis based on the eigenvalue-greater-than-one…

  14. Excellence in School Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakow, Steven J.

    1985-01-01

    Lists objectives for excellence/exemplary programs in middle/junior high school science as perceived by a group of middle/junior high school science teachers. These objectives focus on: (1) goals; (2) curricula; (3) instruction; (4) teachers; and (5) evaluation. (JN)

  15. Tradition in Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heisenberg, Werner

    1973-01-01

    Discusses the influence of tradition in science on selection of scientific problems and methods and on the use of concepts as tools for research work. Indicates that future research studies will be directed toward the change of fundamental concepts in such fields as astrophysics, molecular biology, and environmental science. (CC)

  16. Science without laws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweber, Silvan S

    2009-01-01

    During the 1970s, something deeply consequential happened in the cultural, economic, and social relationships between science and technology. Paul Forman has proposed that the abrupt reversal of the culturally ascribed primacy in the science-technology relationship circa 1980 be taken as a demarcation of postmodernity from modernity. Modernity's most basic cultural presuppositions-the superiority of theory to practice, the elevation of the public over the private and that of the disinterested over the interested, and the belief that the means sanctify the ends-were ascribed to science. In postmodernity, science is subsumed under technology, and the status of technology relative to science reflects our pragmatic-utilitarian subordination of means to ends. These cultural changes have resonated with deep epistemological and ontological changes within the sciences themselves, and all these have manifested themselves in universities becoming entrepreneurial, and the consequences thereof. Science Without Laws insightfully illustrates some of the changes within the life and human sciences by analyzing the role played by model systems and case studies.

  17. Confronting Ambiguity in Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emery, Katherine; Harlow, Danielle; Whitmer, Ali; Gaines, Steven

    2015-01-01

    People are regularly confronted with environmental and science-related issues presented to them in newspapers, on television, or even in their own doctor's office. Often the information they use to inform their decisions on matters of science may be ambiguous and contradictory. This article presents an activity that investigates how students deal…

  18. The Diploma in Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawlor, Hugh

    2010-01-01

    At the heart of the vision for the Diploma in Science is a multidisciplinary approach to learning by tackling scientific challenges and questions in applied work-related contexts. This, together with the innovative delivery model offered by a consortia approach, will bridge a significant gap in the provision of science and mathematics education.…

  19. Building Collections: Science Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krapp, JoAnn Vergona

    2005-01-01

    Fantasy and science fiction are two genres that are products of imagination. Both present alternate worlds governed by their own laws and values, but it is the plausibility of events in each world that sets the two apart. In fantasy, events happen by magic or inexplicable means. In science fiction, events could happen based on advanced…

  20. The Science of Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fett, Paula

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, "math and science" has been the mantra for many educators and business leaders who warn of an urgent need to encourage the pursuit of these and other technological disciplines or risk losing ground in the global economy. Simply emphasizing the need for "math and science" expertise does not, however, encourage innovation and fuel a…

  1. Making Science Teams Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Roxanne Greitz

    2004-01-01

    Science teachers, likely have more experience with students working together than teachers in any other subject area due to teaming students for hands-on activities. While the importance of teamwork is emphasized in the National Science Education Standards, getting teams to actually work-meaning getting students to share equally in the academic…

  2. The science of Prometheus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mauskopf, Seymour

    2012-10-01

    For roughly the last half century, chemistry has perhaps been the most disparaged of the sciences. Among members of the public, the very word "chemical" has come to have opprobrious connotations, and some physicists (and even chemists) have argued that chemistry is reducible to physics, and thus not truly an independent science.

  3. Teaching Science through Story

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Jessica

    2013-01-01

    Children find comfort in stories. They are familiar, accessible and entertaining. By teaching science through narratives, we can provide that same comfort and access to scientific content to children of all ages. In this article, I will discuss how, through the use of narratives in science instruction, we can provide students with a deeper…

  4. Signing in Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashby, Rachael

    2013-01-01

    This article describes British Sign Language (BSL) as a viable option for teaching science. BSL is used by a vast number of people in Britain but is seldom taught in schools or included informally alongside lessons. With its new addition of a large scientific glossary, invented to modernise the way science is taught to deaf children, BSL breaks…

  5. Encyclopedia of Rose Science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roberts, A.; Debener, T.; Gudin, S.; Byrne, D.B.; Cairns, T.; Vries, de D.P.; Dubois, L.A.M.; Forkmann, G.; Fruchter, M.; Helsper, J.P.F.G.; Horst, R.K.; Jay, M.; Kwakkenbosch, T.A.M.; Pemberton, B.; Put, H.M.C.; Rajapakse, S.; Reid, M.; Schum, A.; Shorthouse, J.D.; Ueda, Y.; Vainstein, A.; Pol, van de P.A.; Zieslin, N.

    2003-01-01

    The Encyclopedia of Rose Science brings together a wealth of information on the rose, long treasured for its captivating perfumes and splendid colors. Now, more than ever, science plays a central place in the production of this flower at the center of one of the world's biggest floricultural industr

  6. Science: Servant or Master?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgenthau, Hans J.

    In this tenth book of a series entitled "Perspectives in Humanism," analyses are included concerning the meaning of science for modern man and its effects on contemporary politics. Natural, social, and humanistic sciences are discussed in connection with religion, philosophy, and politics to indicate the importance of the scholar who fulfills the…

  7. Citizenship and Science Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bybee, Rodger W.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses purposes and policies of science education, including present growth trends and the resulting problems of human ecological scarcity, global nature of these problems, and the need for a global response to alter current trends. Emphasizes the role of science/technology in the amelioration of global problems. (Author/JN)

  8. Women and Computer Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breene, L. Anne

    1992-01-01

    Discusses issues concerning women in computer science education, and in the workplace, and sex bias in the computer science curriculum. Concludes that computing environment has not improved for women over last 20 years. Warns that, although number of white males entering college is declining, need for scientists and engineers is not. (NB)

  9. Democratizing Computer Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margolis, Jane; Goode, Joanna; Ryoo, Jean J.

    2015-01-01

    Computer science programs are too often identified with a narrow stratum of the student population, often white or Asian boys who have access to computers at home. But because computers play such a huge role in our world today, all students can benefit from the study of computer science and the opportunity to build skills related to computing. The…

  10. Rethinking the Science Fair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craven, John; Hogan, Tracy

    2008-01-01

    Spring is the season when thousands of creased cardboard pests can be found lodged under the armpits of students and teachers as they observe the educational rite of spring known as the school science fair. A recent visit to a local school's gymnasium to witness one of these events reminded the authors of why they so dislike science fairs. In this…

  11. Cooperative Science Lesson Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooperative Learning, 1991

    1991-01-01

    Offers several elementary level cooperative science lesson plans. The article includes a recipe for cooperative class learning, instructions for making a compost pile, directions for finding evidence of energy, experiments in math and science using oranges to test density, and discussions of buoyancy using eggs. (SM)

  12. The Science of Cycling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crompton, Zoe; Daniels, Shelley

    2014-01-01

    Children are engaged by finding out about science in the real world (Harlen, 2010). Many children will be cyclists or will have seen or heard about the success of British cyclists in the Olympics and the Tour de France. This makes cycling a good hook to draw children into learning science. It is also a good cross-curricular topic, with strong…

  13. Spitting for Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Athanasiadis, Georgios; Jorgensen, Frank G.; Cheng, Jade Y.

    2016-01-01

    Scientific outreach delivers science to the people. But it can also deliver people to the science. In this work, we report our experience from a large-scale public engagement project promoting genomic literacy among Danish high school students with the additional benefit of collecting data...

  14. Science in diplomacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zewail, Ahmed H

    2010-04-16

    Throughout human history, science and technology have been the backbone of innovations that have driven economic development. Yet, rather oddly, they have not been seriously invoked in the pursuit of diplomacy. This Commentary examines the important role of science in diplomacy and its soft-power in world affairs and peace.

  15. Rudiments of materials science

    CERN Document Server

    Pillai, SO

    2007-01-01

    Writing a comprehensive book on Materials Science for the benefit of undergraduate courses in Science and Engineering was a day dream of the first author, Dr. S.O. Pillai for a long period. However, the dream became true after a lapse of couple of years. Lucid and logical exposition of the subject matter is the special feature of this book.

  16. Science Enrichment Outreach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brownstein, Erica M.; Destino, Thomas

    1995-01-01

    Discusses one approach to addressing lack of exposure to science for African American students, the Saturday Academy of Clark Atlanta University. Areas of interest are laboratory activities, hands-on science, and social engagement. Presents a review of related literature and a study of the program. Contains 16 references. (LZ)

  17. Exploring the Science Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Philip; Bricker, Leah; Tzou, Carrie; Lee, Tiffany; Van Horne, Katie

    2012-01-01

    The National Research Council's recent publication "A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas" (NRC 2011), which is the foundation for the Next Generation Science Standards now being developed, places unprecedented focus on the practices involved in doing scientific and engineering work. In an effort…

  18. Spitting for science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Athanasiadis, Georgios; Jørgensen, Frank G.; Cheng, Jade Yu;

    2016-01-01

    Scientific outreach delivers science to the people. But it can also deliver people to the science. In this work, we report our experience from a large-scale public engagement project promoting genomic literacy among Danish high school students with the additional benefit of collecting data...

  19. Journalism and science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Gitte

    2006-01-01

    that are likely to occur to journalistic attitudes - mirroring changing attitudes in the wider society - towards science and scientific researchers. Two journalistic conventions - those of science transmission and of investigative journalism - are presented and discussed in relation to the present drive towards...

  20. Basic Science Training Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brummel, Clete

    These six learning modules were developed for Lake Michigan College's Basic Science Training Program, a workshop to develop good study skills while reviewing basic science. The first module, which was designed to provide students with the necessary skills to study efficiently, covers the following topics: time management; an overview of a study…

  1. Acid Rain: Science Projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hessler, Edward W.; Stubbs, Harriett S.

    Too often science seems to be a matter of studying from books and responding to questions raised by teachers about the information either in the classroom or on examinations. Such a view of science misses its importance as a way of thinking, doing, and preparing for citizenship roles. The problems and activities included in this volume are…

  2. Fermentation. Third World Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Natalie; Hughes, Wyn

    This unit, developed by the Third World Science Project, is designed to add a multicultural element to existing science syllabi (for students aged 11-16) in the United Kingdom. The project seeks to develop an appreciation of the: boundless fascination of the natural world; knowledge, skills, and expertise possessed by men/women everywhere;…

  3. Beyond Big Science

    CERN Multimedia

    Boyle, Alan

    2007-01-01

    "Billion-dollar science projects end up being about much more than the science, whether we're talking about particle physics, or fusion research, or the international space station, or missions to the moon and beyond, or the next-generation radio telescope." (3 pages)

  4. Strengthening Science Departments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Todd; Melville, Wayne; Bartley, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    Teachers do not work in a vacuum. They are, in most cases, part of a science department in which teachers and the chairperson have important roles in science education reform. Current reform is shaped by national standards documents that emphasize the pedagogical and conceptual importance of best practices framed by constructivism and focused on…

  5. Pakistan boosts science budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Margaret

    2009-08-01

    Government spending on science and technology development in Pakistan will jump by about a quarter in 2009-2010 compared with the previous fiscal year, with big increases planned for nuclear physics and higher education. In late June the country's National Assembly approved a budget of 48.2bn Pakistani rupees (Rs), or about £361m, for new science projects.

  6. NATO and Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durand, Henry

    1988-01-01

    Outlines the Third Dimension of NATO. Presses for increased efforts to overcome the disparity in the rate of scientific development among the countries of the alliance. Discusses scientific nobility, the rise of European science, science for stability, environmental protection, and the changed scientific climate. (CW)

  7. Science Education and Worldview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keane, Moyra

    2008-01-01

    Is there a place for Indigenous Knowledge in the science curriculum for a Zulu community in rural Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa? This article argues "yes," based on a participative research and development project that discovered relevant science learning in a Zulu community. Among community concerns for relevant factual and performative…

  8. Cognitive Science and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, Robert

    1988-01-01

    States that renewed research on the processes of learning and teaching is necessary if all children are expected to meet high standards of educational performance. Discusses cognitive science, a federation of psychology, linguistics, and computer science which offers a reconceptualization of the nature of the learning process and new approaches to…

  9. Science and Technology Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baark, Erik

    1996-01-01

    This paper examines the status of science and technology in Mongolia, and discusses the policy issues which have emerged with the transition to market economy in recent years.......This paper examines the status of science and technology in Mongolia, and discusses the policy issues which have emerged with the transition to market economy in recent years....

  10. History of Science and Science Museums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, Cláudia; Guilherme, Elsa; Gaspar, Raquel; Boaventura, Diana

    2015-01-01

    The activities presented in this paper, which are addressed to elementary school, are focused on the pioneering work of the Portuguese King Carlos I in oceanography and involve the exploration of the exhibits belonging to two different science museums, the Aquarium Vasco da Gama and the Maritime Museum. Students were asked to study fish…

  11. History of Science and Science Museums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, Cláudia; Guilherme, Elsa; Gaspar, Raquel; Boaventura, Diana

    2015-10-01

    The activities presented in this paper, which are addressed to elementary school, are focused on the pioneering work of the Portuguese King Carlos I in oceanography and involve the exploration of the exhibits belonging to two different science museums, the Aquarium Vasco da Gama and the Maritime Museum. Students were asked to study fish adaptations to deep sea, through the exploration of a fictional story, based on historical data and based on the work of the King that served as a guiding script for all the subsequent tasks. In both museums, students had access to: historical collections of organisms, oceanographic biological sampling instruments, fish gears and ships. They could also observe the characteristics and adaptations of diverse fish species characteristic of deep sea. The present study aimed to analyse the impact of these activities on students' scientific knowledge, on their understanding of the nature of science and on the development of transversal skills. All students considered the project very popular. The results obtained suggest that the activity promoted not only the understanding of scientific concepts, but also stimulated the development of knowledge about science itself and the construction of scientific knowledge, stressing the relevance of creating activities informed by the history of science. As a final remark we suggest that the partnership between elementary schools and museums should be seen as an educational project, in which the teacher has to assume a key mediating role between the school and the museums.

  12. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-15

    of Smelting 12Crl2NiCu Cast Steel for Water-Turbine Blades (I.A. Kuntsevich , V.V. Kobzistyy et al.; LITEYNOYE PROIZVODSTVO, No 4, Apr 87) Alloying...Moscow LITEYNOYE PROIZVODSTVO in Russian No 4, Apr 87 pp 9-10 [Article by I.A. Kuntsevich , candidate of technical sciences, V.V. Kobzistyy, engineer

  13. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Melnikov, Laboratory of Bionic Research (Headed by Candidate of Biological Sciences A. A. Kuzmin), Pacific Scientific Research Institute of... architecture have a great deal in common with the arterial systems of whales described earlier. Figures 2, references 14: 6 Russian, 8 Western

  14. Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howland, Joyce, Comp.

    The sources listed in this document are selected to provide guidance to students, parents, and teachers throughout the process of planning, developing, implementing, and competing in science fair activities. While sources range in suitability from elementary to high school levels, the emphasis is on materials for grades 9-12. This guide updates LC…

  15. Computer Science Professionals and Greek Library Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dendrinos, Markos N.

    2008-01-01

    This paper attempts to present the current state of computer science penetration into librarianship in terms of both workplace and education issues. The shift from material libraries into digital libraries is mirrored in the corresponding shift from librarians into information scientists. New library data and metadata, as well as new automated…

  16. Design science, engineering science and requirements engineering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wieringa, R.J.; Heerkens, J.M.G.

    2008-01-01

    For several decades there has been a debate in the computing sciences about the relative roles of design and empirical research, and about the contribution of design and research methodology to the relevance of research results. In this minitutorial we review this debate and compare it with evidence

  17. The Science@NASA Websites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koczor, Ronald J.; Phillips. Tony; Rose, M. Franklin (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    The Science@NASA websites represent a significant stride forward in communicating NASA science to the general public via the Internet. Using a family of websites aimed at science-attentive adults, high school students, middle school students and educators, the Science@NASA activity presents selected stories of on-going NASA science, giving context to otherwise dry press releases and scientific reports.

  18. Science education standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alberts, B.

    1994-12-31

    This paper describes the National Science Education Standards that are being developed at the National Research Council. The Standards are being developed for the following areas: content, teaching, assessment, program, and system. The national science standards will call for the kind of science that provides both an understanding of the basic concepts needed for success in our high technology society, and the acquisition of process skills, or the ability to proceed step by step to solve a practical problem. Science should become a core subject like reading, writing and math in grades K-12. At all levels, the material taught should be interesting, both to students and to teachers. The profession of science teaching must become an attractive one, which is possible to do well without superhuman effort. The scientific community must accept responsibility for achieving these goals.

  19. Public Engagement with Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Irwin, Alan

    2014-01-01

    ). The ‘deficit theory’ which still today characterize many scientific activities that address citizen can be criticized for ‘one-way communication’, ‘sanctity of expertise’, and treatment of the publics as ‘homogeneous’. When arguing for the need for public engagement with science it is question about......Based on a recent review and a contribution for the 20 years anniversary edition of the scientific journal Public Understanding of Science, reflections are made about the last twenty years of achievements and failures in the theory, practice and policy of Public Engagement with Science (PES...... not problematising ‘the public’, taking values seriously and instead educating ‘the experts’, and recognising both the ‘legitimacy of wider concerns’ and the ‘democratic imperative’. Public Engagement with Science as strategy is building upon a normative commitment to the idea of democratic science policy...

  20. Philosophy of Computer Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aatami Järvinen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The diversity and interdisciplinary of Computer Sciences, and the multiplicity of its uses in other sciences make it difficult to define them and prescribe how to perform them. Furthermore, also cause friction between computer scientists from different branches. Because of how they are structured, these sciences programs are criticized for not offer an adequate methodological training, or a deep understanding of different research traditions. To collaborate on a solution, some have decided to include in their curricula courses that enable students to gain awareness about epistemology and methodological issues in Computer Science, as well as give meaning to the practice of computer scientists. In this article the needs and objectives of the courses on the philosophy of Computer Science are analyzed, and its structure and management are explained.

  1. Empirical Philosophy of Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mansnerus, Erika; Wagenknecht, Susann

    2015-01-01

    knowledge takes place through the integration of the empirical or historical research into the philosophical studies, as Chang, Nersessian, Thagard and Schickore argue in their work. Building upon their contributions we will develop a blueprint for an Empirical Philosophy of Science that draws upon......Empirical insights are proven fruitful for the advancement of Philosophy of Science, but the integration of philosophical concepts and empirical data poses considerable methodological challenges. Debates in Integrated History and Philosophy of Science suggest that the advancement of philosophical...... qualitative methods from the social sciences in order to advance our philosophical understanding of science in practice. We will regard the relationship between philosophical conceptualization and empirical data as an iterative dialogue between theory and data, which is guided by a particular ‘feeling with...

  2. The Logic of Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lars Bang

    The problematic this thesis investigates, through a specific kind of structuralism derived from a reading of Michel Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu and Gilles Deleuze, concerns how the subject becomes a science subject and potentially a scientist, with interest and literacy in science. The Logic...... of Science – a vivisection of monsters is thus an exploration of Being and Becoming in relation to Science and its Education. The investigation has been derived from, in, and connected to the Youth-to-Youth Project, a regional bridge building project in Northern Jutland in Denmark. The Youth-to-Youth Project...... (2011-2015) attempts to facilitate contact and provide a different kind of counselling and guidance between youths and youths who are ‘one step ahead’ in their educational trajectory. The meetings between the youths are both social and science subject oriented, and the intention is to establish...

  3. Science's social responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil

    2014-01-01

    What is science’s social responsibility? Is it like corporate responsibility an add-on to the main product: we produce knowledge and scientific solutions, but we also care for the environment, for sustainability, for fair-trade and so on? Or doesn’t social responsibility add to science at all...... like Science in the City in which the science institutions communicate and discuss science with interested citizens. It can be done in relation to strategic plans: solving medical, environmental, socio-political problems for which the state or commercial actors provide funding. But it can also be what...... solving problems and thus creating a base for science in its strategic mode, in its interplay-with-society mode. So science’s social responsibility may utter itself in various ways but I think it is fair to say that it is all about responsibility for taking part in making society move forward...

  4. History and Philosophy of Science and Science Teaching: A Revisit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunan, E.

    1977-01-01

    Assesses interest in history and philosophy of science in the last decade by primary, secondary, and tertiary science educators. Identifies different approaches to science history and discusses the recent increased awareness on values clarification. (CP)

  5. IDEA papers no 3; Les cahiers d'I.D.E.A. n.3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacour, C

    2002-12-01

    The Information network on the Economic Development in Aquitaine (IDEA) aims to collect and spread the environmental information concerning the Aquitaine, in order to implement an observatory of the regional environment and of the sustainable development. The IDEA paper no. 3 is devoted to the part of the environment observation in the sustainable development implementation. (A.L.B.)

  6. IDEA papers no 11; Les cahiers d'I.D.E.A. n.11

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bocquet, R. [Agence de l' Environnement et de la Maitrise de l' Energie, ADEME, 75 - Paris (France)

    2004-07-01

    The Information network on the Economic Development in Aquitaine (IDEA) aims to collect and spread the environmental information concerning the Aquitaine, in order to implement an observatory of the regional environment and of the sustainable development. The IDEA paper no.11 is devoted to the wastes management in Aquitaine. Data on wastes volume, type and recycling are presented and examples of enterprises actions are provided. (A.L.B.)

  7. The IDEA papers no 4; Les cahiers d'I.D.E.A. n.4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laurent, J

    2003-07-01

    The Information network on the Economic Development in Aquitaine (IDEA) aims to collect and spread the environmental information concerning the Aquitaine, in order to implement an observatory of the regional environment and of the sustainable development. The IDEA paper no. 4 presents the point of view of some participants to the third national meeting of the environment observatories. (A.L.B.)

  8. De la fiche technique « producteur » au cahier des charges « utilisateur »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vigneron Pierre-Yves

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Production of refined or flavored vegetable oils requires to be close to the expectations of the customers (industry, catering, consumers. From technical data established by the producer taking into account his own constraints and the products characteristics, appropriate specifications are set up. The document includes different parts such as technical information concerning the raw material, the final product, the packaging but also the procedures and the organisation to insure the quality of the product along the process. More over, the producer must pay attention to the specific request from the consumers; this includes nutritional information, safety insurance, advices about uses and storage conditions. To provide efficient answers, the producer has to build up preliminary files conducted by R&D. This policy is all the more necessary because the producer promotes commercial brands.

  9. IDEA papers no 10; Les cahiers d'I.D.E.A. n.10

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ricard, M. [Bordeaux-3 Univ., 33 (France)

    2004-07-01

    The Information network on the Economic Development in Aquitaine (IDEA) aims to collect and spread the environmental information concerning the Aquitaine, in order to implement an observatory of the regional environment and of the sustainable development. The IDEA paper no.10 is devoted to the sustainable development education. Examples of actions in agriculture schools and colleges are presented. (A.L.B.)

  10. Passerelle : cahier de suivi numéro 3 des actions de recherche

    OpenAIRE

    Courboulex, Françoise; Duval, Anne Marie

    2006-01-01

    Le projet Passerelle se veut un lien entre la recherche et le monde opérationnel dans les Alpes Maritimes. Il s'agit de montrer des exemples de recherche sur les risques naturels aux acteurs institutionnels de la gestion des risques RAPPORT DE SYNTHESE

  11. IDEA papers no 6; Les cahiers d'I.D.E.A. n.6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garrigues, Ph

    2003-07-01

    The Information network on the Economic Development in Aquitaine (IDEA) aims to collect and spread the environmental information concerning the Aquitaine, in order to implement an observatory of the regional environment and of the sustainable development. The IDEA paper no. 6 is presents the association and the results of the ordinary general assembly of the 28 June 2003. (A.L.B.)

  12. Science Coursework and Pedagogical Beliefs of Science Teachers: The Case of Science Teachers in the Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macugay, Eva B.; Bernardo, Allan B. I.

    2013-01-01

    Science coursework is an important element of the pre-service education of science teachers. In this study we test the hypothesis that more science coursework influences pedagogical beliefs of science teachers by studying the pedagogical beliefs of 305 Filipino science teachers. We compared pedagogical beliefs of primary school (less science…

  13. Pre-Service Science Teachers' Cognitive Structures Regarding Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM) and Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacioglu, Yasemin; Yamak, Havva; Kavak, Nusret

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to reveal pre-service science teachers' cognitive structures regarding Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM) and science education. The study group of the study consisted of 192 pre-service science teachers. A Free Word Association Test (WAT) consisting of science, technology, engineering, mathematics and…

  14. How In-Service Science Teachers Integrate History and Nature of Science in Elementary Science Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacieminoglu, Esme

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the in-service science teachers' (IST) perceptions and practices about curriculum and integration of the history of science (HOS) and the nature of science (NOS) affect their science courses. For this aim, how ISTs integrated the NOS and HOS in their elementary science courses for understanding…

  15. Modelling the flow and the two-phase science of heat inside a cross-section tube of a `once through` vapor generator overheated with sodium; Modelisation de l`ecoulement et de la thermique double phase a l`interieur d`un tube droit de generateur de vapeur `once-through` a surchauffe chauffe au sodium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mutelle, H

    1997-11-28

    Concerning the future fast neutrons reactors, studied in the frame of the European Fast Reactor (E.F.R.) project, several innovations have been proposed particularly in the field of vapor generators. These vapor generators have the particularity to use two different exchange fluids which can react violently one with the other. The thermodynamic fluid or secondary fluid is water under high pressure (18.5 MPa) which comes under saturated in the inlet of the device, warms and vaporizes inside the nest of boiler-tubes. At the outlet, vapor is overheated. The primary fluid is a liquid metal (sodium for French reactors) which flows outside the nest of boiler-tubes in the opposite direction of the secondary fluid. Several vapor generators models have been carried out. Concerning the European Fast Reactor project, the tubes have a cross-section and are in ferritic steel. Inside the boiler-tubes, the water-vapor flow can be divided into three areas. The first one is the liquid monophasic rate. It ends by the start of the boiling which is nucleated in the shell. Downstream, the two-phase flow passes from a bubbles flow to an annular flow. The liquid is then on the form of shell film and on the form of droplets carried along by the vapor flux. The dryout of the annular film is the start of the third area where there is vapor forced convection. At the present time, there is still no thermohydraulic code in the conditions of the E.F.R. vapor generator. In order to have a reliable size tool, the members of the E.F.R. project have then decided to do a two-phase flow model and have experimented a mono tubular scale model called ``ATLAS`` which represents well the real component for size, fluids and running conditions. The aim of the present work is then, in the frame of this experimental program, to 1)qualify the heat exchange and friction laws which will be later introduced in the thermohydraulic codes of cross-sections vapor generators 2)characterize the dryout phenomenon 3)quantify the thermal disequilibrium between the phases in a vapor-droplets dispersed flow. (O.M.) 102 refs.

  16. SCIENCE IN CHINA (SCIENTIA SINICA)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    Aims and ScopeScience in China (monthly) is a comprehensive academic journal of natural sciences sponsored by the Chinese Acade-my of Sciences. The primary purpose is to provide regular, rapid and authoritative reviews of current important devel-

  17. Cell Science-02 Payload Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Sarah Diane

    2014-01-01

    The presentation provides an general overview of the Cell Science-02 science and payload operations to the NASA Payload Operations Integrated Working Group. The overview includes a description of the science objectives and specific aims, manifest status, and operations concept.

  18. Globalization and Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bencze, J. Lawrence; Carter, Lyn; Chiu, Mei-Hung; Duit, Reinders; Martin, Sonya; Siry, Christina; Krajcik, Joseph; Shin, Namsoo; Choi, Kyunghee; Lee, Hyunju; Kim, Sung-Won

    2013-06-01

    Processes of globalization have played a major role in economic and cultural change worldwide. More recently, there is a growing literature on rethinking science education research and development from the perspective of globalization. This paper provides a critical overview of the state and future development of science education research from the perspective of globalization. Two facets are given major attention. First, the further development of science education as an international research domain is critically analyzed. It seems that there is a predominance of researchers stemming from countries in which English is the native language or at least a major working language. Second, the significance of rethinking the currently dominant variants of science instruction from the perspectives of economic and cultural globalization is given major attention. On the one hand, it is argued that processes concerning globalization of science education as a research domain need to take into account the richness of the different cultures of science education around the world. At the same time, it is essential to develop ways of science instruction that make students aware of the various advantages, challenges and problems of international economic and cultural globalization.

  19. Service Science And Accounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen G. Kerr

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The evolution of a new discipline of service science will creatively disturb the relationship between more established business disciplines.  Each discipline is not an independent silo.  As a result the purpose of this paper was to explore, at this early stage, how the new discipline may create opportunities for interdisciplinary scholarship.  The specific purpose of this paper was to explore how service science might interact with the scholarly and professional practice of accounting.  Accounting practice is dominated by a stewardship proposition.  The stewardship proposition is a problem because typical service science investments will receive unfavorable treatment.  Accounting’s other major proposition is valuation.  Areas of opportunity for positive contributions from a service science approach are discussed.  Service science, as viewed through an accounting lens, will have to find ways to overcome measurement and reporting methods that will not afford service science investments the full benefit of their strategic potential.  Several avenues for research into ways service science can improve accounting scholarship are suggested.

  20. Science on stage

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    During the opening ceremony, the audience was dazzled by a juggling show involving dramatic light effects. They also took away with them a teacher's sheet explaining some of the scientific concepts involved in juggling. Science teachers can sometimes be quite humorous when it comes to explaining serious matters, as those who took part in the 'Science on Stage' festival held at CERN from 21 to 25 November were able to see for themselves. The 500 or so participants from 27 different countries, mostly science teachers but also some university lecturers, science outreach specialists and students, had the opportunity to share their experience of the teaching of science. They also attended presentations and shows, took part in workshops and visited a fair with stands offering ideas on how to make school science lessons more appealing. The festival, organised by the EIROforum (a partnership between CERN, EFDA, ESA, ESO, EMBL, ESRF and ILL), marked the end of two years of projects for the promotion of science in vir...

  1. Social Sciences and Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu-Kun Lin

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available At the time when the journal Sustainability [1] was launched, as a chemist and a scientist, I started to believe that social sciences may be more important to make humans sustainable. The broad journal title Social Sciences presents the opportunity for all social science scholars to have integrated consideration regarding the sustainability of humanity, because I am sure that science and technology alone cannot help. Science and technology may have in fact been contributing to accelerate the depletion of nonrenewable natural resources and putting human sustainability at risk since the industrial revolution about 150 years ago. I hope all intellectuals studying anthropology, archaeology, administration, communication, criminology, economics, education, government, linguistics, international relations, politics, sociology and, in some contexts, geography, history, law, and psychology publish with us to seek a solution to sustain humanity. Sustainability itself will also be a main topic of the journal Social Sciences. In addition to this integrated forum for social sciences, more topic specific journals, such as the already publishing Societies [2], will be launched. [...

  2. Style in science communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucchi, Massimiano

    2013-11-01

    There is little doubt that during the past few decades science communication efforts aimed at non-expert audiences have increased in quantity and intensity on a global scale. Public engagement and outreach activities have now become a routine - when not a prominent - feature for several research institutions in Europe. However, it would be difficult for both scholars and those involved in science communication to agree on the impact of these activities, on the long-term implications of the 'science communication movement' and on the indicators we should develop and employ in order to assess impact. The paper argues that quality is a relevant issue and challenge for contemporary science communication. Style is relevant to addressing that challenge, insofar as it relates to discussions about how to strengthen the quality of science communication, suggesting a different perspective other than the traditional normative/prescriptive framework. The notion of style also fruitfully connects the debate on science communication with a rich tradition of studies in the history and sociology of science.

  3. Value of Fundamental Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burov, Alexey

    Fundamental science is a hard, long-term human adventure that has required high devotion and social support, especially significant in our epoch of Mega-science. The measure of this devotion and this support expresses the real value of the fundamental science in public opinion. Why does fundamental science have value? What determines its strength and what endangers it? The dominant answer is that the value of science arises out of curiosity and is supported by the technological progress. Is this really a good, astute answer? When trying to attract public support, we talk about the ``mystery of the universe''. Why do these words sound so attractive? What is implied by and what is incompatible with them? More than two centuries ago, Immanuel Kant asserted an inseparable entanglement between ethics and metaphysics. Thus, we may ask: which metaphysics supports the value of scientific cognition, and which does not? Should we continue to neglect the dependence of value of pure science on metaphysics? If not, how can this issue be addressed in the public outreach? Is the public alienated by one or another message coming from the face of science? What does it mean to be politically correct in this sort of discussion?

  4. Science with KRAKENS

    CERN Document Server

    Mazin, Benjamin A; France, Kevin; Fraser, Wesley; Howell, D Andrew; Jones, Tucker; Meeker, Seth; O'Brien, Kieran; Prochaska, Jason X; Siana, Brian; Strader, Matthew; Szypryt, Paul; Tendulkar, Shriharsh P; Treu, Tommaso; Vasisht, Gautam

    2015-01-01

    The Keck science community is entering an era of unprecedented change. Powerful new instrument like ZTF, JWST, LSST, and the ELTs will catalyze this change, and we must be ready to take full advantage to maintain our position of scientific leadership. The best way to do this is to continue the UC and Caltech tradition of technical excellence in instrumentation. In this whitepaper we describe a new instrument called KRAKENS to help meet these challenges. KRAKENS uses a unique detector technology (MKIDs) to enable groundbreaking science across a wide range of astrophysical research topics. This document will lay out the detailed expected science return of KRAKENS.

  5. Science Communication at NASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stofan, Ellen R.

    2015-11-01

    Scientists usually excel in a particular discipline, but generally have a difficult time informing and engaging the public about what we do. From climate science to natural hazards risks, our science does affect people's lives. Within NASA, we have started science communications training, focusing on how to tell a clear story about not just what we do, but why we do it. This not only will help us better communicate to our stakeholders and the public, but also hopefully make for better communications within our diverse teams.

  6. Computational Science and Innovation

    CERN Document Server

    Dean, D J

    2010-01-01

    Simulations - utilizing computers to solve complicated science and engineering problems - are a key ingredient of modern science. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is a world leader in the development of high-performance computing (HPC), the development of applied math and algorithms that utilize the full potential of HPC platforms, and the application of computing to science and engineering problems. An interesting general question is whether the DOE can strategically utilize its capability in simulations to advance innovation more broadly. In this article, I will argue that this is certainly possible.

  7. COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE CENTER

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DAVENPORT, J.

    2005-11-01

    The Brookhaven Computational Science Center brings together researchers in biology, chemistry, physics, and medicine with applied mathematicians and computer scientists to exploit the remarkable opportunities for scientific discovery which have been enabled by modern computers. These opportunities are especially great in computational biology and nanoscience, but extend throughout science and technology and include, for example, nuclear and high energy physics, astrophysics, materials and chemical science, sustainable energy, environment, and homeland security. To achieve our goals we have established a close alliance with applied mathematicians and computer scientists at Stony Brook and Columbia Universities.

  8. Titan Science Return Quantification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisbin, Charles R.; Lincoln, William

    2014-01-01

    Each proposal for a NASA mission concept includes a Science Traceability Matrix (STM), intended to show that what is being proposed would contribute to satisfying one or more of the agency's top-level science goals. But the information traditionally provided cannot be used directly to quantitatively compare anticipated science return. We added numerical elements to NASA's STM and developed a software tool to process the data. We then applied this methodology to evaluate a group of competing concepts for a proposed mission to Saturn's moon, Titan.

  9. Where is the Science?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Apostol M.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The important role played in society today by scientific research is highlighted, and the related various social, economical and political conditionings of science are discussed. It is suggested that the exclusive emphasis upon the multiple technological applications of science, the use and abuse of scientific research, may lead to the very disappearance of science, transforming scientific research into a routine and almost ritualistic activity, empty of any real content. This may already be seen in the inadequate way present day society tackles the fundamental problems we are confronted with, issues such as the environment, conflict, life and the thinking process.

  10. Science Communication in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busch, Henrik

    2005-01-01

    This paper was presented during the author?s visit at the Faculty of Human Development of the University of Kobe . The paper is intended to provide the knowledge about science communication in the Nordic countries (in particular in Denmark). The focus in the paper is on (i) examples of new...... and innovative modes of science communication in Denmark and (ii) educational programs for science communicators. Furthermore, emphasis is on the pedagogical ideas behind the initiatives, rather than on thorough descriptions of structures, curricula and evaluations of the projects....

  11. Defending climate science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2012-01-01

    The National Center for Science Education (NCSE), which has long been in the lead in defending the teaching of evolution in public schools, has expanded its core mission to include defending climate science, the organization announced in January. “We consider climate change a critical issue in our own mission to protect the integrity of science education,” said NSCE executive director Eugenie Scott. “Climate affects everyone, and the decisions we make today will affect generations to come. We need to teach kids now about the realities of global warming and climate change so that they're prepared to make informed, intelligent decisions in the future.”

  12. Investigations about Science Misconceptions

    CERN Document Server

    Risch, M

    2010-01-01

    Students entering engineering in universities of applied sciences were tested to see whether they understood easy Science problems within the first week of the first semester. The test comprised of mathematics and physics questions in both linear and diagrammatic form. Science misconceptions are investigated here by comparison to a model of misconception based on the findings of other investigators. The misconceptions demonstrated by the answers confirm this model of misconception. The results are discussed with traditional theories about education as well as with recent psychological research and with neuroscience insights. These comparisons enable further investigation of misconceptions.

  13. Computer science handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Tucker, Allen B

    2004-01-01

    Due to the great response to the famous Computer Science Handbook edited by Allen B. Tucker, … in 2004 Chapman & Hall/CRC published a second edition of this comprehensive reference book. Within more than 70 chapters, every one new or significantly revised, one can find any kind of information and references about computer science one can imagine. … All in all, there is absolute nothing about computer science that can not be found in the encyclopedia with its 110 survey articles …-Christoph Meinel, Zentralblatt MATH

  14. Coping with Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ricard, Lykke Margot

    2003-01-01

    Life of Science, edited by Lykke Margot Ricard and Robin Engelhardt. Learning Lab Denmark, Copenhagen, pages 39-45. 2003 Short description: What makes children think about scientific inventions? In this case it was watching the news and listing to parents conversation that made a 12-year old...... schoolboy write an essay on the theme: ?The world would be a better place to live in if?!? Abstract: Science has a long tradition for emphasizing objectivity, but it is the emotional impact of science that makes children interested. Metaphors and personal experiences of the scientist can be a useful...

  15. Life of Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelhardt, Robin; Margot Ricard, Lykke

    Learning Lab Denmark, København. 2003 Short description: In connection to the conference Changes and Challenges the White Book "Life of Science" was published. Member states of the European Union as well as applying countries were invited to contribute to the book with texts in order to present...... inspiring cases of concrete educational strategies for improving learning, teaching and recruitment in the fields of science and technology. Abstract: The aim of this white book is to present some of the most inspiring examples of Science and Technology Education in Europe. In creating the white book, we...

  16. Exploration of Science Parks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiong Huibing; Sun Nengli

    2005-01-01

    Science parks have developed gready in the world, whereas empirical researches have showed that science parks based on linear model cannot guarantee the creation of innovation. Hi-tech innovation is derived from flow and management of information. The commercial and social interactions between in-parks and off-park firms and research institutions act as the key determinant for innovation.Industrial clustering is the rational choice for further developing Chinese science parks and solving some problems such as the lack of dear major industries and strong innovation sense, etc.

  17. PubSCIENCE

    CERN Document Server

    United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information

    PubSCIENCE, a component of EnergyFiles, indexes 1,000 scientific and technical journals. It contains over one million multi-source journal citations dating back over 25 years from DOE's Energy Science and Technology Database. The focus of PubSCIENCE is on those journals where DOE researchers report their scientific discoveries. Frequency of contributions by DOE-sponsored researchers to scientific journals has been analyzed to prioritize data collection efforts. OSTI partners with participating publishers to provide information that is both relevant and useful to the DOE scientific community as well as information that was developed as the result of government sponsored R&D.

  18. Science A history

    CERN Document Server

    Gribbin, John

    2002-01-01

    From award-winning science writer John Gribbin, "Science: A History" is the enthralling story of the men and women who changed the way we see the world, and the turbulent times they lived in. From Galileo, tried by the Inquisition for his ideas, to Newton, who wrote his rivals out of the history books; from Marie Curie, forced to work apart from male students for fear she might excite them, to Louis Agassiz, who marched his colleagues up a mountain to prove that the ice ages had occurred. Filled with pioneers, visionaries, eccentrics and madmen, this is the history of science as it has never been told before.

  19. Learning Science: Some Insights from Cognitive Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, P. S. C.

    Theories of teaching and learning, including those associated with constructivism, often make no overt reference to an underlying assumption that they make; that is, human cognition depends on domain-free, general-purpose processing by the brain. This assumption is shown to be incompatible with evidence from studies of children's early learning. Rather, cognition is modular in nature, and often domain-specific. Recognition of modularity requires a re-evaluation of some aspects of current accounts of learning science. Especially, children's ideas in science are sometimes triggered rather than learned. It is in the nature of triggered conceptual structures that they are not necessarily expressible in language, and that they may not be susceptible to change by later learning.

  20. [Educational science, 'the hardest science of all'].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Tartwijk, J; Driessen, E W; van der Vleuten, C P M; Wubbels, T

    2012-06-01

    Educational research not only showed that student characteristics are of major importance for study success, but also that education does make a difference. Essentially, teaching is about stimulating students to invest time in learning and to use that time as effectively as possible. Assessment, goal-orientated work, and feedback have a major effect. The teacher is the key figure. With the aim to better understand teaching and learning, educational researchers usefindingsfrom other disciplines more and more often. A pitfall is to apply the findings of educational research without taking into consideration the context and the specific characteristics of students and teachers. Because of the large number offactors that influence the results ofeducation, educational science is referred as 'the hardest science of all'.

  1. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    This is Japan Report with Science and Technology. It contains the issues with different topics on biotecnology , defense industry, nuclear engineering, Marine technology, science and technology policy.

  2. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-20

    JPRS-UPIS-90-Q03 1 MAY 1990 S#J1%\\ ■ ■■in FOREIGN BROADCAST INFORMATION SERVICE .JPRS Report — 19981021 129 Science & Technology USSR... entity , with average temperature of its own, engaged in heat exchange with the two-phase zone according to the convection law. However, such a model...it represents a definite technological complication and requires separate solution. 7. Problems of mechanizing the loading of the initial blank

  3. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-07-09

    Traumatology, Orthopedy and Field Surgery (head—professor M. F. Durov) and Chair of VK and LFK (head— docent P. G. Koynosov) of Tyumen Medical...Yu. D., Los, I. P and Popovich, V. M., "Fiziko-matematicheskaya problema deystviya elektro- magnitnykh poley i ionizatsii vozdukha" [The Physico...Article by S. I. Leonovich, docent , and Yu. M. Gain, candidate of medical science, Minsk] [Abstract] An international symposium on lasers in surgery

  4. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Semiconductor Physics Institute, Siberian Department, USSR Academy of Sciences] [Abstract] An experimental study was made concerning use of binary Bi...begun at the "round table". We are waiting for letters with your opinions and suggestions which, we hope, will help accelerate the solution of the...received 23 Jun 86) pp 516-520 [Article "by B. I. Kosilo, L. I. Polezhayeva, L. P. Polyakova, Ye. G. Polyakov and A. B. Smirnov, Institute of the

  5. Science Data Infrastructure for Preservation - Earth Science

    OpenAIRE

    Albani, Mirko; Marelli, Fulvio; Giaretta, David; Shaon, Arif

    2012-01-01

    The proper preservation of both current and historical scientific data will underpin a multitude of ecological, economic and political decisions in the future of our society. The SCIDIP-ES project addresses the long-term persistent storage, access and management needs of scientific data by providing preservation infrastructure services. Taking exemplars from the Earth Science domain we highlight the key preservation challenges and barriers to be overcome by the SCIDIP-ES infrastructure. SCIDI...

  6. NP Science Network Requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dart, Eli [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Rotman, Lauren [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Tierney, Brian [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2011-08-26

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. To support SC programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In August 2011, ESnet and the Office of Nuclear Physics (NP), of the DOE SC, organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the programs funded by NP. The requirements identified at the workshop are summarized in the Findings section, and are described in more detail in the body of the report.

  7. Theoretical Computer Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2002-01-01

    The proceedings contains 8 papers from the Conference on Theoretical Computer Science. Topics discussed include: query by committee, linear separation and random walks; hardness results for neural network approximation problems; a geometric approach to leveraging weak learners; mind change...

  8. Pseudoscience and science fiction

    CERN Document Server

    May, Andrew

    2017-01-01

    Aliens, flying saucers, ESP, the Bermuda Triangle, antigravity … are we talking about science fiction or pseudoscience? Sometimes it is difficult to tell the difference. Both pseudoscience and science fiction (SF) are creative endeavours that have little in common with academic science, beyond the superficial trappings of jargon and subject matter. The most obvious difference between the two is that pseudoscience is presented as fact, not fiction. Yet like SF, and unlike real science, pseudoscience is driven by a desire to please an audience – in this case, people who “want to believe”. This has led to significant cross-fertilization between the two disciplines. SF authors often draw on “real” pseudoscientific theories to add verisimilitude to their stories, while on other occasions pseudoscience takes its cue from SF – the symbiotic relationship between ufology and Hollywood being a prime example of this. This engagingly written, well researched and richly illustrated text explores a wide range...

  9. Fundamentals of electrochemical science

    CERN Document Server

    Oldham, Keith

    1993-01-01

    Key Features* Deals comprehensively with the basic science of electrochemistry* Treats electrochemistry as a discipline in its own right and not as a branch of physical or analytical chemistry* Provides a thorough and quantitative description of electrochemical fundamentals

  10. Energy Sciences Network (ESnet)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Energy Sciences Network is the Department of Energy’s high-speed network that provides the high-bandwidth, reliable connections that link scientists at national...

  11. Language and Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Dwight

    1999-01-01

    Reviews recent applied linguistic research on science and language, especially studies conducted during the period between 1990 and 1998. Outlines major changes that have taken place in this area since van Naerssen and Kaplan's 1987 review. (Author/VWL)

  12. Physical Sciences Complex

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This 88,000 square foot complex is used to investigate basic physical science in support of missile technology development. It incorporates office space, dedicated...

  13. Science via podcast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilenia Picardi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Internet and the new media have been dramatically affecting the communication scenario. They are changing the role played by traditional media in the information processes, are creating new public spaces for dialogue and participation, and are triggering a short circuit among those producing and those receiving information. Even science communication is not stranger to the changes brought about by the new way of using and populating the web. An epitome of this process of change is the scientific podcast. This article will provide a brief review on the spreading and the purposes of podcasts in science communication, coming from a survey implemented as an activity of the course Science via podcast addressed to the second-year students of the Master in Science Communication of SISSA of Trieste.

  14. Western Nuclear Science Alliance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steve Reese; George Miller; Stephen Frantz; Denis Beller; Denis Beller; Ed Morse; Melinda Krahenbuhl; Bob Flocchini; Jim Elliston

    2010-12-07

    The primary objective of the INIE program is to strengthen nuclear science and engineering programs at the member institutions and to address the long term goal of the University Reactor Infrastructure and Education Assistance Program.

  15. NSIUWG: Science networking retreat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Jim

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of this session was to study and identify alternatives to be recommended for the science networking areas of vision; roles and responsibilities; and technical approach and transition. This presentation is represented by charts and viewgraphs only.

  16. Environmental Health Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Alan; Smith, Robert

    1975-01-01

    Describes an environmental health science technology curriculum designed to provide technicians in the areas of air, water and wastewater analyses, treatment plant operators, public health enforcement officers, and pollution inspectors. (GS)

  17. Philosophy of social science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Vergeer

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Mark Risjord. Philosophy of Social Science. A Contemporary Introduction. Serie: Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy. New York and London: Routledge, 2014, 288 p., €42,75. ISBN 978 0 415 89825 6

  18. Quantum Social Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haven, Emmanuel; Khrennikov, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    Preface; Part I. Physics Concepts in Social Science? A Discussion: 1. Classical, statistical and quantum mechanics: all in one; 2. Econophysics: statistical physics and social science; 3. Quantum social science: a non-mathematical motivation; Part II. Mathematics and Physics Preliminaries: 4. Vector calculus and other mathematical preliminaries; 5. Basic elements of quantum mechanics; 6. Basic elements of Bohmian mechanics; Part III. Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Psychology: Basic Questions and Answers: 7. A brief overview; 8. Interference effects in psychology - an introduction; 9. A quantum-like model of decision making; Part IV. Other Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Economics, Finance and Brain Sciences: 10. Financial/economic theory in crisis; 11. Bohmian mechanics in finance and economics; 12. The Bohm-Vigier Model and path simulation; 13. Other applications to economic/financial theory; 14. The neurophysiological sources of quantum-like processing in the brain; Conclusion; Glossary; Index.

  19. Measuring adolescent science motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumm, Maximiliane F.; Bogner, Franz X.

    2016-02-01

    To monitor science motivation, 232 tenth graders of the college preparatory level ('Gymnasium') completed the Science Motivation Questionnaire II (SMQ-II). Additionally, personality data were collected using a 10-item version of the Big Five Inventory. A subsequent exploratory factor analysis based on the eigenvalue-greater-than-one criterion, extracted a loading pattern, which in principle, followed the SMQ-II frame. Two items were dropped due to inappropriate loadings. The remaining SMQ-II seems to provide a consistent scale matching the findings in literature. Nevertheless, also possible shortcomings of the scale are discussed. Data showed a higher perceived self-determination in girls which seems compensated by their lower self-efficacy beliefs leading to equality of females and males in overall science motivation scores. Additionally, the Big Five personality traits and science motivation components show little relationship.

  20. Science and Humanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auger, Pierre

    1971-01-01

    Science and humanism are separated so completely as to bring about the creation of two cultures quite distinct from each other within contemporary civilization. Pragmatic, rational attitudes are needed on both sides to bring them together. (DF)

  1. Imaging Sciences Workshop Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Candy, J.V.

    1996-11-21

    This report contains the proceedings of the Imaging Sciences Workshop sponsored by C.A.S.LS., the Center for Advanced Signal & Image Sciences. The Center, established primarily to provide a forum where researchers can freely exchange ideas on the signal and image sciences in a comfortable intellectual environment, has grown over the last two years with the opening of a Reference Library (located in Building 272). The Technical Program for the 1996 Workshop include a variety of efforts in the Imaging Sciences including applications in the Microwave Imaging, highlighted by the Micro-Impulse Radar (MIR) system invented at LLNL, as well as other applications in this area. Special sessions organized by various individuals in Speech, Acoustic Ocean Imaging, Radar Ocean Imaging, Ultrasonic Imaging, and Optical Imaging discuss various applica- tions of real world problems. For the more theoretical, sessions on Imaging Algorithms and Computed Tomography were organized as well as for the more pragmatic featuring a session on Imaging Systems.

  2. Genetic Science Learning Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Mouse Party on Learn.Genetics.utah.edu Students doing the Tree of Genetic Traits activity Learn.Genetics is one of the most widely used science education websites in the world The Community Genetics ...

  3. Environment international law; Droit international de l`environnement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lavieille, J.M.

    1998-12-31

    The characteristics of the environment international law are analyzed in a first part: nature, aim, history, stakes, sources and institutions. The content of the environment international law is analyzed in the second part: principles, conventions relative to the air, climates, marine and surface waters, soils, forests, nature conservation at a regional and global scale, chemical compounds and noxious wastes. (J.S.)

  4. International oil law; Le droit international du petrole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torkzad, B

    1997-07-01

    The 1973 energy crisis demonstrated that the international petroleum industry is not totally free. Very often it has been the object of an organization, even during the domination of international oil companies which have established a petroleum international system with a system of concession rights. This system is based on an oligopolistic structure which had the characteristics of a monopoly. This vertically integrated structure of the world petroleum industry during the 1920-1950 era was more or less locked up by the system of concessions. The incompatibility of this system of excessively long concession contracts with the economical development needs of oil exporting countries has led to their abolishment. They have been replaced by new agreements. As soon as the creation of stable and permanent international oil organizations (OPEC, OAPEC, IEA), an institutional right has been established which has generated international rights and principles governing the contractual relations between oil exporting and oil importing countries. This international petroleum right is both original and specific, it is evolutive, contractual and normative. (J.S.)

  5. La redécouverte du droit : le trajet parcouru

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesseling, G.S.C.M.; Oomen, B.M.

    2005-01-01

    Au Mali, l'année 1991 marque la fin du régime autoritaire de la IIe République et le début d'une ère plus démocratique. En février 1993 est votée la loi-cadre sur la décentralisation. Au moment où, en 2001, les premiers juristes commencent leur aventure de recherche - qui aboutira à l'ouvrage collec

  6. Regard sceptique sur le droit a la sante au Cameroun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François EDIMO

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper deals with the right to health in Cameroon as a foundamental rigth institueted by international laws.The ratification by Cameroon of those laws deals iyh the purpose of insuring good health to all cityzens. However, according to the analysis of texte laws and the critics of the socio -economic politic and cultural contexte in which this right implimented, does not allows this right to all.

  7. Hart et le positivisme postmoderne en droit international

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. d' Aspremont

    2009-01-01

    This article argues that, in the context of international law, Hart can really be considered a post-modern positivist. Hart has not only refined the source thesis of Hobbes, Bentham and Austin by shedding the command-based understanding of law. Hart has also overcome the difficulties of Kelsen’s hyp

  8. CERTAINES QUESTIONS CONCERNANT L’INTERPRÉTATION JURIDIQUE DU DROIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan HUMĂ

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The norm of law, seen as a standardized form of the legislator’s will, is the result, not the subject to legal interpretation. What can be interpreted is the text, literal support of the normative enunciation. By interpreting the text becomes a detached sense, which is the norm. It does not exist and there must not be many meanings of the legal standard, but several possible meanings of the standard text.

  9. Note sur les sur les droits de diffusion des images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Gunthert

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Selon l’article L 122-5 du Code de la propriété intellectuelle : « Lorsque l’oeuvre a été divulguée, l’auteur ne peut interdire : (... les analyses et courtes citations justifiées par le caractère critique, polémique, pédagogique, scientifique ou d’information de l’oeuvre à laquelle elles sont incorporées. » La jurisprudence reconnaît aux photogrammes ou vidéogrammes de films la qualité d’extrait bref, constitutif de l’exception de citation. Dans les conditions énoncées par la loi, la public...

  10. Nuclear law 2006-2009; Droit nucleaire 2006-2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bringuier, P.

    2010-04-15

    The author proposes an overview and comments of the evolution of the French legal context related to nuclear activities. More precisely, he addresses different issues and aspects: the institutional organisation, the transparency and public information, safety and radioprotection, nuclear materials (in terms of control and physical protection), transportation, trade and non proliferation issues, radioactive wastes, radiological accident, and responsibility and insurance

  11. Standard and droit%标准与权利

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    若愚

    2004-01-01

    @@ 提笔写下这个题目,很可能会令人莫名其妙.但我想说明的这个问题确实就涉及这么两个概念.我们已经加入WTO两年多了,全球经济一体化带来的挑战和机遇已经非常现实地提到国人面前.我们只能而且必须从思维理念上到工作方式上都把握和适应这种变化,才能真正融入世界经济的激流中去,抓住机遇,迎接挑战,实现我们民族伟大复兴的历史目标.令人感到十分喜悦和鼓舞的是,我们的许多领域或行业,都在跳出计划经济的思维模式和工作方式,按照市场经济规律办事,开创了与国际接轨的新局面.前不久采访中国标准化研究院院长矫云起,他对中国标准化工作的大好形势表示由衷的喜悦,说形势大好的主要标志是以企业为主体,以市场为主导的标准化工作模式开始形成.在过去的计划经济体制时期,一项标准该不该制订,要不要实施,完全由政府说了算.

  12. Droit International De L'éducation: Une Discipline Nouvelle?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Agostinho Reis

    2008-03-01

    INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION LAW: A NEW DISCIPLINE? - Education is one of the most highly regarded "human rights" and one which has been developed most extensively within the International Human Rights Law, so that its normative corpus already forms a very International Education Law. The right to education means a new right to a new education that, in the Rule of Law, may be qualified as Rightful Education. Such an expression is an operating concept for a human rights-based approach to education; that is, for an education no longer envisaged as a right of man over man. It amounts to a new paradigm. It is therefore high time to systematize the International Education Law in order to promote its study and the introduction of a legal dimension into pedagogic culture.

  13. Nuclear law; Le droit nucleaire 2006-2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bringuier, P. [Montpellier-1 Univ., Droit International Public, UMR 5815, 34 (France)

    2009-10-15

    The object of this report is to present the evolution of the nuclear law during the period from 2006 to 2008, period that was characterized in France by a real rewriting from the implementation of a control authority. The prescriptive backing of nuclear activities has been deeply changed by numerous texts. In this first part are presented: (1) the institutional aspects, (2) openness and public information, (7) radioactive wastes and (9) liability and insurance. In a next publication will be treated: (3) safety and radiation protection; (4) nuclear matter, inspection, physical protection; (5) transports; (6) trade, non-proliferation; (8) radiological accidents. (N.C.)

  14. Hypercitizenship and the Management of Genetic Diversity/Hyper-citoyenneté et gestion de la diversité génétique. La sociologie du droit et la bifurcation systemique principale entre la singularité du RING et l'âge néoféodale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pitasi Andrea

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet essai se focalise sur la fonction allocative des systèmes judiciaires exercée pour attirer/rejeter des capitauxdifférents sur la base de leur propres procédures de création de règles juridiques et de lois. Cette fonction estaujourd’hui d’une importance fondamentale. En effet, le genre humain est avant tout une bifurcation évolutionniste etsystémique entre le concept heideggérien de Gegnet d’une convergence stratégique et extrêmement rapide (parexemple, la Singularité parmi la robotique, l’informatique, les nanotechnologies et la génétique (RINGs – qui est entrain de redessiner la vie humaine par rapport à ses styles et ses standards qualitatifs de vie et tout particulièrement auxdomaines de la santé et de l’environnement - et ce qu’on appelle le Scenario Néo-féodal (NS proposé par ceux quipensent que le Modèle Industriel a échoué et que le seul moyen de sauver le genre humain et son environnement seraitune espèce de voyage en arrière dans le temps pour proposer de nouveau le style de vie du Moyen-âge caractérisé par lalenteur et l’austérité. Cet essai examine la littérature internationale la plus récente et la plus influente concernante lesdeux alternatives de bifurcation et avance une modification potentielle de paradigme dans l’approche systémique afin dereformuler la carte conceptuelle du changement global à travers une épistémologie systémique de la sociologie du droit.AbstractThis essay is essentially theoretical and is focused on the allocative function of the legal systems to attract/rejectdifferent capitals according to their procedures to shape norms and laws. This function of the legal systems is pivotal inour times as humankind is before a systemic and evolutionary bifurcation between the heideggerian Gegnet of astrategic, high speed convergence (i.e. Singularity among robotics, informatics, nanotechonologies and genetics(RINGs - which is going to reshape the human life

  15. Zoroastre (1749 de Rameau : Droit et utopies dans un opéra franc-maçon du siècle des Lumières Zoroastre (1749 of Rameau: Juridical Utopias in a Freemasonic Opera of the Age of Enlightenment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Tillit

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available L’opéra Zoroastre de Rameau peut mériter une attention particulière à plusieurs titres : ses auteurs, le compositeur Jean-Philippe Rameau et le librettiste Louis de Cahusac, étaient, outre des artistes, des théoriciens de leur art et des penseurs proches des cercles progressistes de leur temps, tels les philosophes, les encyclopédistes, et même les francs-maçons ; l’œuvre est le premier usage direct de la religion perse antique dans un opéra ; Zoroastre fut l’occasion d’une innovation formelle majeure, l’absence de prologue (qui fit rapidement précédent, mais surtout d’une innovation concernant le genre même de la tragédie lyrique française. En effet, Cahusac et Rameau ont pris prétexte de la vie du prophète Zoroastre pour délivrer, à travers leur opéra, un message philosophique prônant l’utopie d’un monde régi par des lois naturelles et des rois vertueux légitimés davantage par l’amour de leurs sujets que par leurs droits dynastiques. Cette remise en cause du caractère purement distrayant de l’opéra se heurta à la frilosité du public, déçu de ne pas trouver sur scène les stéréotypes galants auxquels il avait été toujours habitué. La version de Zoroastre présentée en 1749 a ainsi été largement modifiée pour sa reprise en 1756, au détriment des aspects novateurs du livret, faisant de la première version un opéra oublié qui n’a jamais été remis en scène jusqu’à aujourd’hui.The opera Zoroastre of Rameau deserves particular attention for several reasons: its creators, the composer Jean-Philippe Rameau and the librettist Louis de Cahusac, more than artists, were theoreticians of their arts and thinkers close to the progressives circles of their time, like philosophers, encyclopaedists, even freemasons. Zoroastre was an opportunity for a major innovation in form, the omission of a prologue (which soon set a precedent, but particularly for a core innovation in French lyrical

  16. Les effets de la précarité du travail sur la santé : le droit du travail peut-il s’en saisir ? Effects of precarious work on health: could the labour law take them into account? Efectos de la precariedad laboral sobre la salud : el Derecho laboral puede captarlos ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loïc Lerouge

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Le travail se transforme, notamment du point de vue de sa précarisation et des contraintes organisationnelles. À travers les interactions entre le parcours professionnel et la santé, les effets de l’intermittence dans l’emploi et de la précarité du travail ont des conséquences sur la santé des travailleurs. Ces troubles se traduisent par une souffrance pouvant parfois conduire jusqu’au suicide. Outre cette souffrance, ce phénomène à un coût non seulement pour les victimes, mais aussi pour la Sécurité sociale et l’entreprise. Aussi, le droit du travail doit pouvoir appréhender la reconfiguration du marché du travail pour améliorer ses conditions d’exercice en prenant en compte la santé et les nouvelles trajectoires professionnelles (mobilité, intermittence dans l’emploi, restructuration d’entreprise, mais aussi en confrontant à la précarité du travail le principal organisme de prévention de l’entreprise que représente le CHSCT.Work is changing, particularly from the standpoint of its precarization and organizational constraints. Through the interactions between the professional path and health, intermittent employment and work precariousness have consequences on workers’ health. These problems result in distress that can sometimes lead to suicide. In addition to this suffering, this phenomenon has a cost not only for the victims, but also for social security and the company. As well, labour law must be able to take the labour market reconfiguration into account in order to improve working conditions. This is achieved by taking health and the new professional trajectories (mobility, intermittent employment, company reorganization into consideration, but also by confronting the company’s principal prevention body (represented by the joint health, safety and working conditions committee with the precariousness of work.EL trabajo se transforma, sobre todo desde el punto de vista de su precarización y de las

  17. Foundations of image science

    CERN Document Server

    Barrett, Harrison H

    2013-01-01

    Winner of the 2006 Joseph W. Goodman Book Writing Award! A comprehensive treatment of the principles, mathematics, and statistics of image science In today's visually oriented society, images play an important role in conveying messages. From seismic imaging to satellite images to medical images, our modern society would be lost without images to enhance our understanding of our health, our culture, and our world. Foundations of Image Science presents a comprehensive treatment of the principles, mathematics, and st

  18. Rethinking Empirical Social Sciences

    OpenAIRE

    Ruppert, Evelyn

    2013-01-01

    I consider some arguments of social science and humanities researchers about the challenge that Big Data presents for social science methods. What they suggest is that social scientists need to engage with Big Data rather than retreat into internal debates about its meaning and implications. Instead, understanding Big Data requires and provides an opportunity for the interdisiciplinary development of methods that innovatively, critically and reflexively engage with new forms of data. Unlike d...

  19. Science information systems: Visualization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wall, Ray J.

    1991-01-01

    Future programs in earth science, planetary science, and astrophysics will involve complex instruments that produce data at unprecedented rates and volumes. Current methods for data display, exploration, and discovery are inadequate. Visualization technology offers a means for the user to comprehend, explore, and examine complex data sets. The goal of this program is to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of scientists in extracting scientific information from large volumes of instrument data.

  20. Problem/science/society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr Jane Gregory

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Framing ‘science and society’ as a conflict has diverted us from more important problems. Our economic environment urges the commercialisation and social acceptance of new technologies, and science communicators and their publics contribute work to these ends. These activities neglect existing, uncontroversial technologies that, in a collaboration between responsible scientists and their publics, could be deployed to address global problems.

  1. Imaging sciences workshop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Candy, J.V.

    1994-11-15

    This workshop on the Imaging Sciences sponsored by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory contains short abstracts/articles submitted by speakers. The topic areas covered include the following: Astronomical Imaging; biomedical imaging; vision/image display; imaging hardware; imaging software; Acoustic/oceanic imaging; microwave/acoustic imaging; computed tomography; physical imaging; imaging algorithms. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  2. Evaluation of Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usmani, Adnan Mahmmood; Meo, Sultan Ayoub

    2011-01-01

    Scientific achievement by publishing a scientific manuscript in a peer reviewed biomedical journal is an important ingredient of research along with a career-enhancing advantages and significant amount of personal satisfaction. The road to evaluate science (research, scientific publications) among scientists often seems complicated. Scientist's career is generally summarized by the number of publications / citations, teaching the undergraduate, graduate and post-doctoral students, writing or reviewing grants and papers, preparing for and organizing meetings, participating in collaborations and conferences, advising colleagues, and serving on editorial boards of scientific journals. Scientists have been sizing up their colleagues since science began. Scientometricians have invented a wide variety of algorithms called science metrics to evaluate science. Many of the science metrics are even unknown to the everyday scientist. Unfortunately, there is no all-in-one metric. Each of them has its own strength, limitation and scope. Some of them are mistakenly applied to evaluate individuals, and each is surrounded by a cloud of variants designed to help them apply across different scientific fields or different career stages [1]. A suitable indicator should be chosen by considering the purpose of the evaluation, and how the results will be used. Scientific Evaluation assists us in: computing the research performance, comparison with peers, forecasting the growth, identifying the excellence in research, citation ranking, finding the influence of research, measuring the productivity, making policy decisions, securing funds for research and spotting trends. Key concepts in science metrics are output and impact. Evaluation of science is traditionally expressed in terms of citation counts. Although most of the science metrics are based on citation counts but two most commonly used are impact factor [2] and h-index [3].

  3. Science in montessori kindergarten

    OpenAIRE

    Petač, Urška

    2016-01-01

    The first part of the thesis Science in Montessori kindergarten describes the Curriculum for kindergarten, national document, based on which teachers plan their educational work in kindergarten. It contains presentation of some global aims of primary science, and also descriptions of proposed activities for this area. It includes presentation of a constructivist way of teaching, which helps children to see nature as a place, where they can freely explore on their own initiative. Simultaneousl...

  4. Strange science takes time

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    The late astronomer Carl Sagan popularized the saying that "extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence," in reference to reports of alien visitations. Generating low-cost commercial fusion power, isolating antimatter and tracing reverse-time causality aren't as far out there as UFOs, but a similar rule might well apply: Extraordinary science requires extraordinary effort. With that in mind, here's a progress report on three extraordinary science projects that have popped up in the news...

  5. A Midsummer Night's Science

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Last year, the first Science Night attracted nearly 1500 people. Dipping into history for the space of one night? This is the idea of Geneva's Museum of the History of Science, which is organizing its second Science Night, on 7 and 8 July, on the history of science. The first such event, held last year, was a considerable success with almost 15 000 visitors. The second Science Night, to be held in the magnificent setting of the Perle du Lac Park in Geneva, promises to be a winner too. By making science retell its own history, this major event is intended to show how every scientific and technical breakthrough is the culmination of a long period of growth that began hundreds of years in the past. Dozens of activities and events are included in this programme of time travel: visitors can study the night sky through telescopes and see what Galileo first observed, and then go to see a play on the life of the Italian scientist. Another play, commissioned specially for the occasion, will honour Geneva botanist De ...

  6. (A)Historical science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casadevall, Arturo; Fang, Ferric C

    2015-12-01

    In contrast to many other human endeavors, science pays little attention to its history. Fundamental scientific discoveries are often considered to be timeless and independent of how they were made. Science and the history of science are regarded as independent academic disciplines. Although most scientists are aware of great discoveries in their fields and their association with the names of individual scientists, few know the detailed stories behind the discoveries. Indeed, the history of scientific discovery is sometimes recorded only in informal accounts that may be inaccurate or biased for self-serving reasons. Scientific papers are generally written in a formulaic style that bears no relationship to the actual process of discovery. Here we examine why scientists should care more about the history of science. A better understanding of history can illuminate social influences on the scientific process, allow scientists to learn from previous errors, and provide a greater appreciation for the importance of serendipity in scientific discovery. Moreover, history can help to assign credit where it is due and call attention to evolving ethical standards in science. History can make science better.

  7. Plasma Science Committee (PLSC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    The Plasma Science Committee (PLSC) is a standing committee under the auspices of the Board on Physics and Astronomy, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications of the National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council. Plasma sciences represent a broad and diverse field. The PLSC has accepted the responsibility of monitoring the continuing development and assessing the general health of the field as whole. Although select advisory bodies have been created to address specific issues that affect plasma science, such as the Fusion Policy Advisory Committee (FPAC), the PLSC provides a focus for the plasma science community that is unique and essential. The membership of the PLSC is drawn from research laboratories in universities, industry, and government. Areas of expertise on the committee include accelerators and beams, space physics, astrophysics, computational physics and applied mathematics, fusion plasmas, fundamental experiments and theory, radiation sources, low temperature plasmas, and plasma-surface interactions. The PLSC is well prepared to respond to requests for studies on specific issues.

  8. The Presentation of Science in Everyday Life: The Science Show

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watermeyer, Richard

    2013-01-01

    This paper constitutes a case-study of the "science show" model of public engagement employed by a company of science communicators focused on the popularization of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) subject disciplines with learner constituencies. It examines the potential of the science show to foster the interest…

  9. NASA Earth Science Update with Information Science Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halem, Milton

    2000-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation gives an overview of NASA earth science updates with information science technology. Details are given on NASA/Earth Science Enterprise (ESE)/Goddard Space Flight Center strategic plans, ESE missions and flight programs, roles of information science, ESE goals related to the Minority University-Space Interdisciplinary Network, and future plans.

  10. Information Science Roles in the Emerging Field of Data Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary Marchionini

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses how data science emerges from information science,statistics, computer science, and knowledge domain. Schools of information stand as meaningful and substantive entities that are critical to the education of scholars and practitioners who work across a wide range of enterprises. Data science is but one emerging field that will benefit from information school engagement.

  11. Writing in/forms Science and Science Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildebrand, Gaell M.

    This paper uses three nuances of "informs." Firstly, it argues that writing forms (or shapes) science and science learning through the textual practices that are available to interpret and allowable to produce. These writing genres shape science discourse and must be challenged because available texts construct science as a rational field that…

  12. Preservice Science Teachers' Views on Science-Technology-Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dikmentepe, Emel; Yakar, Zeha

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the views of pre-service science teachers on Science-Technology-Society (STS). In the research, a descriptive research method was used and data were collected using the Views on Science-Technology-Society (VOSTS) Questionnaire. In general, the results of this study revealed that pre-service science teachers…

  13. The science of unitary human beings and interpretive human science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeder, F

    1993-01-01

    Natural science and human science are identified as the bases of most nursing theories and research programs. Natural science has been disclaimed by Martha Rogers as the philosophy of science that undergirds her work. The question remains, is the science of unitary human beings an interpretive human science? The author explores the works of Rogers through a dialectic with two human scientists' works. Wilhelm Dilthey's works represent the founding or traditional view, and Jurgen Habermas' works represent a contemporary, reconstructionist view. The ways Rogerian thought contributes to human studies but is distinct from traditional and reconstructionist human sciences are illuminated.

  14. Does science education need the history of science?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gooday, Graeme; Lynch, John M; Wilson, Kenneth G; Barsky, Constance K

    2008-06-01

    This essay argues that science education can gain from close engagement with the history of science both in the training of prospective vocational scientists and in educating the broader public about the nature of science. First it shows how historicizing science in the classroom can improve the pedagogical experience of science students and might even help them turn into more effective professional practitioners of science. Then it examines how historians of science can support the scientific education of the general public at a time when debates over "intelligent design" are raising major questions over the kind of science that ought to be available to children in their school curricula. It concludes by considering further work that might be undertaken to show how history of science could be of more general educational interest and utility, well beyond the closed academic domains in which historians of science typically operate.

  15. Culture and Cognitive Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Cole

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to review the way in which cultural contributions to human nature have been treated within the field of  cognitive science. I was initially motivated to write about this topic when invited to give a talk to a Cognitive Science department at a sister university in California a few years ago. My goal, on that occasion, was to convince my audience, none of whom were predisposed to considering culture an integral part of cognitive science, that they would indeed benefit from recognizing some affinities between the ideas of some of the founders of cognitive science and ideas about culture emanating from the Soviet (now Russian cultural-historical school. My task in presenting this argument to the readers of  Outlines is most likely the mirror image of that earlier effort. On the one hand, the ideas of the cultural-historical school are well known to this readership and you do not need to be lectured on the topic by an American whose knowledge of the topic is no greater than your own. At best, the ways in which I have appropriated those ideas and put them to work might provide an opportunity to reflect on the strange fate of ideas when they move between national traditions of thought. On the other hand, owing to a double twist of fate (after all, what was an American doing in Moscow in 1962 doing post-doctoral work in psychology I was also present during the discussions leading to the founding of Cognitive Science in the early 1970’s and subsequently became a member of the Cognitive Science Program at UCSD in the early 1980’s, arguably one of the pioneering efforts to institutionalize this new discipline.My hope is this unusual confluence of experiences, and the ideas that they have generated, will be of some use to those who see value in a dialogue between these different intellectual projects. With this goal in mind, I will begin by providing my own brief history of key ideas associated with the origins of

  16. Public Understanding of Science: Science PR and Popular Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Mircea SAVA

    2011-01-01

    The present social context has imposed on science an active communication behavior with the wide audience. The process of science communication has a strong stake of Public Relations as its foundation. It can be stated that the science communication activities have become instruments of a science promotion platform, and the paradigm of Public Relations and Popular Culture served as its model for development. Creating and maintaining a positive attitude of various audiences towards science and...

  17. Une note sur l'identité scalaire à droite d'un hypergroupe de type U à droite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domenico Freni

    1992-05-01

    Full Text Available It is shown that in type U hypergroups on the right of 5 cardinality, the right scalar identity is equal to the left scalar identity. This property is not true if the cardinality is at least 6 where counter-examples are determined.

  18. Interacting Science through Web Quests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unal, Ahmet; Karakus, Melek Altiparmak

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of WebQuests on elementary students' science achievement, attitude towards science and attitude towards web supported education in teaching 7th grade subjects (Ecosystems, Solar System). With regard to this research, "Science Achievement Test," "Attitude towards Science Scale"…

  19. Integrating the Nature of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiland, Ingrid; Blieden, Katherine; Akerson, Valarie

    2014-01-01

    The nature of science (NOS) describes what science is and how knowledge in science is developed (NSTA 2013). To develop elementary students' understandings of how scientists explore the world, the authors--an education professor and a third-grade teacher--endeavored to integrate NOS into a third-grade life science unit. Throughout the lesson,…

  20. Gender Equity in Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Johanna R.

    2011-01-01

    The dearth of females in high-level science courses and professions is a well-documented phenomenon in modern society. Inequality in science instruction is a crucial component to the under representation of females in science. This paper provides a review of current literature published concerning gender inequality in K-12 science instruction.…

  1. Work flows in life science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wassink, Ingo

    2010-01-01

    The introduction of computer science technology in the life science domain has resulted in a new life science discipline called bioinformatics. Bioinformaticians are biologists who know how to apply computer science technology to perform computer based experiments, also known as in-silico or dry lab

  2. Science for Life and Living.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bybee, Rodger W.; Landes, Nancy M.

    1990-01-01

    Described is an elementary school science program developed by the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study entitled "Science for Life and Living: Integrating Science, Technology and Health." Discussed are the rationale, unifying themes, organization, teaching model, implementation, development, production, and support for this program. (CW)

  3. A Kinder-Science Fair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Angelica; Vitti, Debbye

    2007-01-01

    A science fair might be the last thing you think of when planning a kindergarten science curriculum, but the authors found it to be the perfect avenue for teaching their students science-process skills. Here they share their steps in teaching science-process skills and assembling student projects in a kindergarten classroom throughout the year.…

  4. Extreme Science (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ajo-Franklin, Caroline; Klein, Spencer; Minor, Andrew; Torok, Tamas

    2012-02-27

    On Feb. 27, 2012 at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre, four Berkeley Lab scientists presented talks related to extreme science - and what it means to you. Topics include: Neutrino hunting in Antarctica. Learn why Spencer Klein goes to the ends of the Earth to search for these ghostly particles. From Chernobyl to Central Asia, Tamas Torok travels the globe to study microbial diversity in extreme environments. Andrew Minor uses the world's most advanced electron microscopes to explore materials at ultrahigh stresses and in harsh environments. And microbes that talk to computers? Caroline Ajo-Franklin is pioneering cellular-electrical connections that could help transform sunlight into fuel.

  5. Defending Science Denial in Cyberspace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenau, J.

    2013-12-01

    Blogs, Facebook, Twitter, and other social media have proven themselves powerful vectors for science denial. Left unchecked, these attacks on foundational sciences like evolution and climate change undermine public confidence in science and spawn attacks on science-based policy and science education. Scientists can blunt such attacks by being vigorous advocates for their own research and their discipline's core findings, by seeking wide and unexpected audiences for discussions of their science, and by understanding and addressing the social, political, and cultural roots of science denial.

  6. COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE CENTER

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DAVENPORT, J.

    2006-11-01

    Computational Science is an integral component of Brookhaven's multi science mission, and is a reflection of the increased role of computation across all of science. Brookhaven currently has major efforts in data storage and analysis for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the ATLAS detector at CERN, and in quantum chromodynamics. The Laboratory is host for the QCDOC machines (quantum chromodynamics on a chip), 10 teraflop/s computers which boast 12,288 processors each. There are two here, one for the Riken/BNL Research Center and the other supported by DOE for the US Lattice Gauge Community and other scientific users. A 100 teraflop/s supercomputer will be installed at Brookhaven in the coming year, managed jointly by Brookhaven and Stony Brook, and funded by a grant from New York State. This machine will be used for computational science across Brookhaven's entire research program, and also by researchers at Stony Brook and across New York State. With Stony Brook, Brookhaven has formed the New York Center for Computational Science (NYCCS) as a focal point for interdisciplinary computational science, which is closely linked to Brookhaven's Computational Science Center (CSC). The CSC has established a strong program in computational science, with an emphasis on nanoscale electronic structure and molecular dynamics, accelerator design, computational fluid dynamics, medical imaging, parallel computing and numerical algorithms. We have been an active participant in DOES SciDAC program (Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing). We are also planning a major expansion in computational biology in keeping with Laboratory initiatives. Additional laboratory initiatives with a dependence on a high level of computation include the development of hydrodynamics models for the interpretation of RHIC data, computational models for the atmospheric transport of aerosols, and models for combustion and for energy utilization. The CSC was formed to

  7. Xplora: making science fun!

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Remember those humdrum lectures in science class? Static textbook lessons have not done much to ignite excitement and interest in young children. Now the tables are turned and it is the teachers who are learning, but this time it is all about how to make science classes fun and spark the imaginations of the next generation. Xplora conference participants observing a working cloud experiment. The Xplora Conference, held at CERN from 15 to 18 June, was attended by more than 80 teachers and educators from across Europe ready to share and acquire some creative ways of teaching science. Xplora is an online reference project providing inventive techniques for teaching science in the classroom and beyond. Xplora is part of the Permanent European Resource Centre for Informal Learning (PENCIL) sponsored by the European Commission. PENCIL is comprised of 13 science centres, museums and aquariums, is partners with the University of Naples, Italy and King's College London, UK and is involved with 14 pilot projects thro...

  8. Using materials science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, W O

    1981-01-23

    The science of the solid state has joined nuclear science and molecular biology as a field of major importance in the latter half of the 20th century. It took particular shape during the genesis of solid-state electronics and the post-transistor era of integrated circuits for telecommunications, computers, and digital signal machines. However, these developments were soon joined by techniques from the ancient fields of metallurgy and ceramics and contributions from the more current fields of synthetic polymers, rubbers, plastics, and modified bioorganic substances. This vast realm was characterized by a National Academy of Sciences study of the 1970's as "materials science and engineering." The public, as well as the scientific and engineering community, are currently concerned about the uses of research and development and the applications of knowledge for national progress. Consideration is given here to how well we are using the science of materials for industrial strength and such governmental objectives as national security and energy economy.

  9. Facets of systems science

    CERN Document Server

    Klir, George J

    1991-01-01

    This book has a rather strange history. It began in Spring 1989, thirteen years after our Systems Science Department at SUNY -Binghamton was established, when I was asked by a group of students in our doctoral program to have a meeting with them. The spokesman of the group, Cliff Joslyn, opened our meeting by stating its purpose. I can closely paraphrase what he said: "We called this meeting to discuss with you, as Chairman of the Department, a fundamental problem with our systems science curriculum. In general, we consider it a good curriculum: we learn a lot of concepts, principles, and methodological tools, mathematical, computational, heuristic, which are fundamental to understanding and dealing with systems. And, yet, we learn virtually nothing about systems science itself. What is systems science? What are its historical roots? What are its aims? Where does it stand and where is it likely to go? These are pressing questions to us. After all, aren't we supposed to carry the systems science flag after we ...

  10. Rural Science Education Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Intress, C. [New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-12-31

    The Rural Science Education Project is an outreach program of the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science with the goal of helping rural elementary schools improve science teaching and learning by using local natural environmental resources. This program is based on the assumption that rural schools, so often described as disadvantaged in terms of curricular resources, actually provide a science teaching advantage because of their locale. The natural environment of mountains, forests, ponds, desert, or fields offers a context for the study of scientific concepts and skills that appeals to many youngsters. To tap these resources, teachers need access to knowledge about the rural school locality`s natural history. Through a process of active participation in school-based workshops and field site studies, teachers observe and learn about the native flora, fauna, geology, and paleontology of their community. In addition, they are exposed to instructional strategies, activities, and provided with materials which foster experimential learning. This school-museum partnership, now in its fifth year, has aided more than 800 rural teachers` on-going professional development. These educators have, in turn, enhanced science education throughout New Mexico for more than 25,000 students.

  11. Science In Trauma

    CERN Document Server

    Chauhan, B C

    2002-01-01

    Quantum theory has been proved as an outstanding {\\it mystery} in modern science. The predictions of science have turned out to be {\\it probabilistic}. The principle of determinism has {\\it failed}. For systems like weather, earthquakes, rolling dices etc... and of course human behaviour it has proved {\\it impossible}, for science, to describe a state of the system accurately for a long time into the future. Moreover, modern cosmology has to rely on {\\it philosophical} assumptions. In the present work, it is argued --by taking into account of the views of learned scientists and philosophers-- that modern science can never explain everything and it is totally impossible to discover the {\\it ``Theory Of Everything''}. All these facts and results put a big question-mark (?) on the grass-root level working of science. All scientific researches are based upon ordinary sense perception, which keeps the outer physical universe as a separate entity, that is something quite independent of the observer. Basically, it i...

  12. Space Science Enterprise Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    The 2003 Space Science Enterprise Strategy represents the efforts of hundreds of scientists, staff, and educators, as well as collaboration with the other NASA Enterprises. It reveals the progress we have made, our plans for the near future, and our opportunity to support the Agency's Mission to "explore the universe and search for life." Space science has made spectacular advances in the recent past, from the first baby pictures of the universe to the discovery of water ice on Mars. Each new discovery impels us to ask new questions or regard old ones in new ways. How did the universe begin? How did life arise? Are we alone? These questions continue to inspire all of us to keep exploring and searching. And, as we get closer to answers, we will continue to share our findings with the science community, educators, and the public as broadly and as rapidly as possible. In this Strategy, you will find science objectives that define NASA's quest for discovery. You will also find the framework of programs, such as flight missions and ground-based research, that will enable us to achieve these objectives. This Strategy is founded on recommendations from the community, as well as lessons learned from past programs, and maps the stepping-stones to the future of space science.

  13. Securitization and Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berling, Trine Villumsen

    2011-01-01

    The interface between science and securitization has not been systematically addressed. This article argues from a Bourdieusian viewpoint that scientific arguments and ‘facts’ are at work in at least three distinct mechanisms within and around securitization. First, science communities/explanatio......The interface between science and securitization has not been systematically addressed. This article argues from a Bourdieusian viewpoint that scientific arguments and ‘facts’ are at work in at least three distinct mechanisms within and around securitization. First, science communities....../explanations can come to objectify an issue to the extent where securitization – and even politicization – becomes next to impossible. Second, science co-determines the status of a securitizing actor and thus influences the authority of the speaker in specific fields. Third, scientific facts can be mobilized...... in securitization claims by securitizing actors in attempts to seek back-up in the objective, disinterested aura of the scientific vocation. The RAND Corporation’s objectivation of the issue of nuclear deterrence is taken as an example of the first mechanism, while climate change and democratic peace illustrate...

  14. Emotionally Intense Science Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Donna; Ritchie, Stephen; Sandhu, Maryam; Henderson, Senka

    2015-08-01

    Science activities that evoke positive emotional responses make a difference to students' emotional experience of science. In this study, we explored 8th Grade students' discrete emotions expressed during science activities in a unit on Energy. Multiple data sources including classroom videos, interviews and emotion diaries completed at the end of each lesson were analysed to identify individual student's emotions. Results from two representative students are presented as case studies. Using a theoretical perspective drawn from theories of emotions founded in sociology, two assertions emerged. First, during the demonstration activity, students experienced the emotions of wonder and surprise; second, during a laboratory activity, students experienced the intense positive emotions of happiness/joy. Characteristics of these activities that contributed to students' positive experiences are highlighted. The study found that choosing activities that evoked strong positive emotional experiences, focused students' attention on the phenomenon they were learning, and the activities were recalled positively. Furthermore, such positive experiences may contribute to students' interest and engagement in science and longer term memorability. Finally, implications for science teachers and pre-service teacher education are suggested.

  15. Humanizing science education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, James F.

    2004-09-01

    This paper argues that the diverse curriculum reform agendas associated with science education are strongly and critically associated with the educational characteristics of the humanities. The article begins with a survey of interpretations of the distinctive contribution which the humanities make to educational purposes. From this survey four general characteristics of the humanities are identified: an appeal to an autonomous self with the right and capacity to make independent judgements and interpretations; indeterminacy in the subject matter of these judgements and interpretations; a focus on meaning, in the context of human responses, actions, and relationships, and especially on the ethical, aesthetic, and purposive; and finally, the possibility of commonality in standards of judgement and interpretation, under conditions of indeterminacy. Inquiry and science technology and society (STS) orientated curriculum development agendas within science education are explored in the light of this analysis. It is argued that the four characteristics identified are central to the educational purposes of these and other less prominent modes of curriculum development in science, though not unproblematically so. In the light of this discussion the prognosis and challenges for science curriculum development are explored.

  16. Hydrologic Information Science (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maidment, D. R.

    2009-12-01

    The CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System is intended to advance hydrologic science through better capacity to access and organize hydrologic information, as described by Tarboton et al. (2009), in this session. This development may help to create a new branch of hydrologic science, namely hydrologic information science, which is that branch of hydrologic science which deals with the organization, analysis and synthesis of hydrologic information. There are several parts of this body of information: time series data on water observations at point locations that describe the flow, level, and quality of water; GIS data that describe the watersheds, aquifers, streams, waterbodies, wells and other water features of the landscape; remote sensing data that measure distributed properties such as rainfall intensity and land surface temperature; climate grids that describe current and predict climate conditions, and information from hydrologic simulation models. Taken together, these various forms of information can be considered as a description of a set of hydrologic fields that are groups of variables distributed over a domain of time and space. The fundamental principles of hydrologic information science need to be formulated around the representation of hydrologic fields, and the interaction of one form of field with another. In particular, what is needed are insights as to how to define transformations of hydrologic fields which link information at different spatial scales, and which support interpolation of information simultaneously in space and time.

  17. The science of rumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Crescimbene

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This study takes a soft scientific cut to talks about rumors, hoaxes and urban legends. Social psychology, more elegantly, uses the latin word rumor (rumour in British English, which means sound, voice, or gossip. In social, economical, political, cultural and scientific communication, rumors indicate news that is presumed true, that circulates without being confirmed or made evident. The scientific history of rumors is briefly described starting from the period of ancient Rome, throughout the Second World War and the Internet era, up to today. We will try to answer some questions that can be useful to scientists today. What are rumors? How are they born? How do they spread? By which laws are they regulated? How do we need to fight them? A final question regards the collocation of rumors into modern science. Science today is divided into ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ science (the latter of which generally lacks a basic mathematical structure; these terms, respectively, indicate the natural sciences, which investigate Nature, and the social/human sciences, which investigate man in all his facets. Maybe rumors can be thought of as a bridge suspended between two banks: those of ‘scientific truth’ and ‘human truth’.

  18. Le maintien en emploi du salarié handicapé : effets et limites de l’obligation d’accommodement raisonnable en droit québécois Retention of employment of disabled employees : effects and limitations of reasonable accommodation under Québec Law Mantenimiento en empleo del asalariado discapacitado : efectos y límites de la obligación de acomodamiento razonable en derecho quebequense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Marie Laflamme

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Au Québec, l’obligation d’accommodement raisonnable, corollaire du droit à l’égalité consacré par les chartes des droits de la personne, a pris une ampleur telle qu’elle confère aujourd’hui aux salariés handicapés une véritable protection du lien d’emploi. Dans la première partie de l’article, l’auteure expose le changement de paradigme résultant de cette évolution jurisprudentielle et circonscrit les paramètres de l’obligation d’accommodement raisonnable qui incombe à l’employeur à l’égard de ses salariés incapables d’accomplir leurs fonctions en raison de leur état de santé. L’auteure souligne ensuite que cette évolution s’est toutefois effectuée en marge du régime de réparation des lésions professionnelles. Ce régime exclusif, jugé avant-gardiste au moment de son adoption, se révèle même aujourd’hui, à certains égards, désavantageux pour les travailleurs victimes d’une lésion professionnelle, du moins en ce qui concerne le maintien du lien d’emploi.In the province of Québec, the right to reasonable accommodation, the corollary of the right to equality established under the charters of human rights, has taken such a dimension that it provides disabled employees with true protection with respect to maintenance of the employment relationship. In the first part of this paper, the author exposes the paradigm shift resulting from this evolution in case law, and defines the parameters of the right to reasonable accommodation that the employer must respect for employees unable to perform their duties due to their medical status. The author then emphasizes that this change has occurred outside the industrial accidents and occupational diseases compensation plan. Moreover, this exclusive regime, innovative at the time of its adoption, has become, in some respects, disadvantageous for employees with an employment injury, at least with regard to maintaining the employment relationship

  19. Mars Science Laboratory Mission and Science Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grotzinger, John P.; Crisp, Joy; Vasavada, Ashwin R.; Anderson, Robert C.; Baker, Charles J.; Barry, Robert; Blake, David F.; Conrad, Pamela; Edgett, Kenneth S.; Ferdowski, Bobak; Gellert, Ralf; Gilbert, John B.; Golombek, Matt; Gómez-Elvira, Javier; Hassler, Donald M.; Jandura, Louise; Litvak, Maxim; Mahaffy, Paul; Maki, Justin; Meyer, Michael; Malin, Michael C.; Mitrofanov, Igor; Simmonds, John J.; Vaniman, David; Welch, Richard V.; Wiens, Roger C.

    2012-09-01

    Scheduled to land in August of 2012, the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mission was initiated to explore the habitability of Mars. This includes both modern environments as well as ancient environments recorded by the stratigraphic rock record preserved at the Gale crater landing site. The Curiosity rover has a designed lifetime of at least one Mars year (˜23 months), and drive capability of at least 20 km. Curiosity's science payload was specifically assembled to assess habitability and includes a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer and gas analyzer that will search for organic carbon in rocks, regolith fines, and the atmosphere (SAM instrument); an x-ray diffractometer that will determine mineralogical diversity (CheMin instrument); focusable cameras that can image landscapes and rock/regolith textures in natural color (MAHLI, MARDI, and Mastcam instruments); an alpha-particle x-ray spectrometer for in situ determination of rock and soil chemistry (APXS instrument); a laser-induced breakdown spectrometer to remotely sense the chemical composition of rocks and minerals (ChemCam instrument); an active neutron spectrometer designed to search for water in rocks/regolith (DAN instrument); a weather station to measure modern-day environmental variables (REMS instrument); and a sensor designed for continuous monitoring of background solar and cosmic radiation (RAD instrument). The various payload elements will work together to detect and study potential sampling targets with remote and in situ measurements; to acquire samples of rock, soil, and atmosphere and analyze them in onboard analytical instruments; and to observe the environment around the rover. The 155-km diameter Gale crater was chosen as Curiosity's field site based on several attributes: an interior mountain of ancient flat-lying strata extending almost 5 km above the elevation of the landing site; the lower few hundred meters of the mountain show a progression with relative age from clay-bearing to sulfate

  20. Beyond Nature of Science: The Case for Reconceptualising "Science" for Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erduran, Sibel

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, I argue that contemporary accounts of nature of science (NoS) are limited in their depiction of "science" and that new perspectives are needed to broaden their characterisation and appeal for science education. In particular, I refer to the role of interdisciplinary characterisations of science in informing the theory and…

  1. Recruiting Science Majors into Secondary Science Teaching: Paid Internships in Informal Science Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worsham, Heather M.; Friedrichsen, Patricia; Soucie, Marilyn; Barnett, Ellen; Akiba, Motoko

    2014-01-01

    Despite the importance of recruiting highly qualified individuals into the science teaching profession, little is known about the effectiveness of particular recruitment strategies. Over 3 years, 34 college science majors and undecided students were recruited into paid internships in informal science settings to consider secondary science teaching…

  2. Teaching Science with the Social Studies of Science for Equity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lederman, Muriel

    Integrating the social studies of science into science education would make explicit the cultures of science, which have been revealed by historians, philosophers, sociologists, and feminist science scholars. These cultures include the institutions of science, the interaction of science and the society in which it is practiced, and the internal culture of science. This pedagogy may be a route to increasing equity in science, by giving women and members of other under-represented groups an appreciation of the factors causing their alienation from the enterprise and the tools to change science for social justice. In this article, I present the theoretical basis of this position, along with the implementation strategies and preliminary assessment for a sophomore level biology course based on this perspective.

  3. The Ascent of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, Brian L.

    2000-04-01

    From the revolutionary discoveries of Galileo and Newton to the mind-bending theories of Einstein and Heisenberg, from plate tectonics to particle physics, from the origin of life to universal entropy, and from biology to cosmology, here is a sweeping, readable, and dynamic account of the whole of Western science.In the approachable manner and method of Stephen Jay Gould and Carl Sagan, the late Brian L. Silver translates our most important, and often most obscure, scientific developments into a vernacular that is not only accessible and illuminating but also enjoyable. Silver makes his comprehensive case with much clarity and insight; his book aptly locates science as the apex of human reason, and reason as our best path to the truth. For all readers curious about--or else perhaps intimidated by--what Silver calls "the scientific campaign up to now", The Ascent of Science will be fresh, vivid, and fascinating reading.

  4. Science, Technology and Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridgstock, Martin; Burch, David; Forge, John; Laurent, John; Lowe, Ian

    1998-03-01

    This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the human, social and economic aspects of science and technology. It examines a broad range of issues from a variety of perspectives, using examples and experiences from around the world. The authors present complex issues, including the responsibilities of scientists, ethical dilemmas and controversies, the Industrial Revolution, economic issues, public policy, and science and technology in developing countries. The book ends with a thoughtful and provocative look toward the future. It features extensive guides to further reading, as well as a useful section on information searching skills. This book will provoke, engage, inform and stimulate thoughtful discussion about culture, society and science. Broad and interdisciplinary, it will be of considerable value to both students and teachers.

  5. Complementary Social Science?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blok, Anders; Pedersen, Morten Axel

    2014-01-01

    The rise of Big Data in the social realm poses significant questions at the intersection of science, technology, and society, including in terms of how new large-scale social databases are currently changing the methods, epistemologies, and politics of social science. In this commentary, we address...... to continually record the digital traces of social relations among an entire freshman class of students (N > 1000). At the same time, fieldwork is carried out on friendship (and other) relations amongst the same group of students. On this basis, the question we pose is the following: what kind of knowledge...... of measurement device deployed. At the same time, however, we also expect new interferences and polyphonies to arise at the intersection of Big and Small Data, provided that these are, so to speak, mixed with care. These questions, we stress, are important not only for the future of social science methods...

  6. Transnational science guanxi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Rasmus Gjedssø; Du, Xiangyun; Søndergaard, Morten Karnøe

    2016-01-01

    Genetics is observed as a particularly active field of Sino-Danish science collaboration, brain circulation and funding. Explaining the level of activity of this scientific field is therefore valuable for understanding the conditions allowing such activity. This paper identifies Danish scientific...... excellence as a necessary, but insufficient, condition. This condition becomes sufficient together with another necessary, but insufficient, condition, which is Sino-Danish transnational science guanxi, or networks and acquaintanceship. This guanxi is based on the previous graduate studies of Chinese...... in Denmark, or brain circulation. The paper finds that brain circulation in the form of graduate students can have revolutionary long-term effects on Sino-Danish science collaboration and investments, exemplified in the location of Beijing Genomics Institute Europe in Copenhagen....

  7. Everyone Loves Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selen, Mats

    2014-03-01

    Twenty years ago we started a small outreach program at the University of Illinois called ``The Physics Van,'' designed to show the fun of science to assemblies of kids at local elementary schools. Many hundreds of shows - and many hundreds of thousands of excited kids, teachers, and parents later - the program is a cornerstone of the department's outreach efforts. About fourteen years ago I stumbled into a one-time gig with the local CBS television station, which evolved into a weekly live science segment on their morning news show. Very popular with viewers across central Illinois, these science segments now include a colleague from the Department of Chemistry and cover a wide range of topics. The totally unexpected success of both has led me to ponder why these seemingly hapless efforts should have grown to be both successful and sustainable. The conclusions, I believe, are very good news for us all.

  8. Play or science?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lieberoth, Andreas; Pedersen, Mads Kock; Sherson, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    Crowdscience games may hold unique potentials as learning opportunities compared to games made for fun or education. They are part of an actual science problem solving process: By playing, players help scientists, and thereby interact with real continuous research processes. This mixes the two...... worlds of play and science in new ways. During usability testing we discovered that users of the crowdscience game Quantum Dreams tended to answer questions in game terms, even when directed explicitly to give science explanations. We then examined these competing frames of understanding though a mixed...... correlational and grounded theory analysis. This essay presents the core ideas of crowdscience games as learning opportunities, and reports how a group of players used “game”, “science” and “conceptual” frames to interpret their experience. Our results suggest that oscillating between the frames instead...

  9. Educational science meets simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasquale, Susan J

    2015-03-01

    With the increased use of simulation to teach the knowledge and skills demanded of clinical practice, toward the achievement of optimal patient care outcomes, it becomes increasingly important that clinician educators have fundamental knowledge about educational science and its applications to teaching and learning. As the foremost goal of teaching is to facilitate learning, it is essential that the simulation experience be oriented to the learning process. In order for this to occur, is it necessary for the clinician educator to understand the fundamentals of educational science and theories of education such that they can apply them to teaching and learning in an environment focused on medical simulation. Underscoring the rationale for the fundamentals of educational science to be applied to the simulation environment, and to work in tandem with simulation, is the importance that accurate and appropriate information is retained and applied toward establishing competence in essential practice-based skills and procedures.

  10. Anthropology in cognitive science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, Andrea; Hutchins, Edwin; Medin, Douglas

    2010-07-01

    This paper reviews the uneven history of the relationship between Anthropology and Cognitive Science over the past 30 years, from its promising beginnings, followed by a period of disaffection, on up to the current context, which may lay the groundwork for reconsidering what Anthropology and (the rest of) Cognitive Science have to offer each other. We think that this history has important lessons to teach and has implications for contemporary efforts to restore Anthropology to its proper place within Cognitive Science. The recent upsurge of interest in the ways that thought may shape and be shaped by action, gesture, cultural experience, and language sets the stage for, but so far has not fully accomplished, the inclusion of Anthropology as an equal partner.

  11. "Eye Science" in 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian Ge

    2011-01-01

    @@ 2011 is an opportune time for Yanke Xuebao (Eye Science) to launch its bilingual edition as a platform for cooperation between Chinese and international vision researchers.The yearly research output of Chinese investigators in all fields of science, but particularly biomedicine, has been growing recently by leaps and bounds.As an example, the American Journal of Ophthalmology (AJO), one of the most prestigious clinical journals in our field,received more submissions from East Asian authors (Japan, China and Korea alone)than they did from the United States in 2010.Chinese investigators ranked third on the list, climbing rapidly, only after the US and Japan.Top vision research centers in China, such as Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, where Eye Science is published, now rank alongside Moorfields and Johns Hopkins as among the most prolific institutions in the world, measured by articles appearing annually in peer-reviewed SCI journals.

  12. Principles of systems science

    CERN Document Server

    Mobus, George E

    2015-01-01

    This pioneering text provides a comprehensive introduction to systems structure, function, and modeling as applied in all fields of science and engineering. Systems understanding is increasingly recognized as a key to a more holistic education and greater problem solving skills, and is also reflected in the trend toward interdisciplinary approaches to research on complex phenomena. The subject of systems science, as a basis for understanding the components and drivers of phenomena at all scales, should be viewed with the same importance as a traditional liberal arts education. Principles of Systems Science contains many graphs, illustrations, side bars, examples, and problems to enhance understanding. From basic principles of organization, complexity, abstract representations, and behavior (dynamics) to deeper aspects such as the relations between information, knowledge, computation, and system control, to higher order aspects such as auto-organization, emergence and evolution, the book provides an integrated...

  13. Science and Diplomacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colglazier, E. William

    2013-04-01

    Because of the accelerating pace of technological change--due in part to the information and computer revolution and the global spread of expertise and knowledge--and its unquestioned impact on economic development, science and technology have become even more important assets for diplomacy. Nearly every country has been convinced that it must engage on a world-class level in science and technology and become more innovative in this highly competitive and interconnected world. As a consequence, science diplomacy becomes an important mechanism to help build more knowledge- and innovation-based societies and to help spread scientific values, including meritocracy and transparency, that support democracy. Making progress will require energetic international engagement by scientists and engineers everywhere, which can help to ensure a more peaceful, secure, prosperous world.

  14. SOHO Mission Science Briefing

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    Footage shows the SOHO Mission Pre-Launch Science Briefing. The moderator of the conference is Fred Brown, NASA/GSFC Public Affairs, introduces the panel members. Included are Professor Roger Bonnet, Director ESA Science Program, Dr. Wesley Huntress, Jr., NASA Associate Administrator for Space Science and Dr. Vicente Domingo, ESA SOHO Project Scientist. Also present are several members from the SOHO Team: Dr. Richard Harrison, Art Poland, and Phillip Scherrer. The discussions include understanding the phenomena of the sun, eruption of gas clouds into the atmosphere, the polishing of the mirrors for the SOHO satellite, artificial intelligence in the telescopes, and the launch and operating costs. The panel members are also seen answering questions from various NASA Centers and Paris.

  15. Computer and information science

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    This edited book presents scientific results of the 15th IEEE/ACIS International Conference on Computer and Information Science (ICIS 2016) which was held on June 26– 29 in Okayama, Japan. The aim of this conference was to bring together researchers and scientists, businessmen and entrepreneurs, teachers, engineers, computer users, and students to discuss the numerous fields of computer science and to share their experiences and exchange new ideas and information in a meaningful way. Research results about all aspects (theory, applications and tools) of computer and information science, and to discuss the practical challenges encountered along the way and the solutions adopted to solve them. The conference organizers selected the best papers from those papers accepted for presentation at the conference. The papers were chosen based on review scores submitted by members of the program committee, and underwent further rigorous rounds of review. This publication captures 12 of the conference’s most promising...

  16. Neuroscience discipline science plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Over the past two decades, NASA's efforts in the neurosciences have developed into a program of research directed at understanding the acute changes that occur in the neurovestibular and sensorimotor systems during short-duration space missions. However, the proposed extended-duration flights of up to 28 days on the Shuttle orbiter and 6 months on Space Station Freedom, a lunar outpost, and Mars missions of perhaps 1-3 years in space, make it imperative that NASA's Life Sciences Division begin to concentrate research in the neurosciences on the chronic effects of exposure to microgravity on the nervous system. Major areas of research will be directed at understanding (1) central processing, (2) motor systems, (3) cognitive/spatial orientation, and (4) sensory receptors. The purpose of the Discipline Science Plan is to provide a conceptual strategy for NASA's Life Sciences Division research and development activities in the comprehensive area of neurosciences. It covers the significant research areas critical to NASA's programmatic requirements for the Extended-Duration Orbiter, Space Station Freedom, and exploration mission science activities. These science activities include ground-based and flight; basic, applied, and operational; and animal and human research and development. This document summarizes the current status of the program, outlines available knowledge, establishes goals and objectives, identifies science priorities, and defines critical questions in the subdiscipline areas of nervous system function. It contains a general plan that will be used by NASA Headquarters Program Offices and the field centers to review and plan basic, applied, and operational intramural and extramural research and development activities in this area.

  17. Water, law, science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Narasimhan, T.N.

    2007-10-17

    In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

  18. Natural hazards science strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Jr., Robert R.; Jones, Lucile M.; Eidenshink, Jeffery C.; Godt, Jonathan W.; Kirby, Stephen H.; Love, Jeffrey J.; Neal, Christina A.; Plant, Nathaniel G.; Plunkett, Michael L.; Weaver, Craig S.; Wein, Anne; Perry, Suzanne C.

    2012-01-01

    The mission of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in natural hazards is to develop and apply hazard science to help protect the safety, security, and economic well-being of the Nation. The costs and consequences of natural hazards can be enormous, and each year more people and infrastructure are at risk. USGS scientific research - founded on detailed observations and improved understanding of the responsible physical processes - can help to understand and reduce natural hazard risks and to make and effectively communicate reliable statements about hazard characteristics, such as frequency, magnitude, extent, onset, consequences, and where possible, the time of future events. To accomplish its broad hazard mission, the USGS maintains an expert workforce of scientists and technicians in the earth sciences, hydrology, biology, geography, social and behavioral sciences, and other fields, and engages cooperatively with numerous agencies, research institutions, and organizations in the public and private sectors, across the Nation and around the world. The scientific expertise required to accomplish the USGS mission in natural hazards includes a wide range of disciplines that this report refers to, in aggregate, as hazard science. In October 2010, the Natural Hazards Science Strategy Planning Team (H-SSPT) was charged with developing a long-term (10-year) Science Strategy for the USGS mission in natural hazards. This report fulfills that charge, with a document hereinafter referred to as the Strategy, to provide scientific observations, analyses, and research that are critical for the Nation to become more resilient to natural hazards. Science provides the information that decisionmakers need to determine whether risk management activities are worthwhile. Moreover, as the agency with the perspective of geologic time, the USGS is uniquely positioned to extend the collective experience of society to prepare for events outside current memory. The USGS has critical statutory

  19. Science and Society Colloquium

    CERN Multimedia

    Randi, J

    1991-01-01

    Mr. Randi will give an update of his lecture to the American Physical Society on the occasion of his award of the 1989 Forum Prize. The citation said: "for his unique defense of Science and the scientific method in many disciplines, including physics, against pseudoscience, frauds and charlatans. His use of scientific techniques has contributed to refuting suspicious and fraudulent claims of paranormal results. He has contributed significantly to public understanding of important issues where science and society interact". He is a professional magician and author of many books. He worked with John Maddox, the Editor of Nature to investigate the claims of "water with memory".

  20. Datalogging in Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Harald; Johansen, Benny Lindblad; Simmie, Geraldine Mooney;

    DLIS (Data Logging in Science) er et efteruddannelses koncept til naturfagslærere i brug af datalogning i skolens naturfagsundervisning. Bogen er en samling af artikler henvendt til naturfagslærere publiceret af projektets projektmedarbejdere, samt materiale udviklet til at understøtte aktionslær......DLIS (Data Logging in Science) er et efteruddannelses koncept til naturfagslærere i brug af datalogning i skolens naturfagsundervisning. Bogen er en samling af artikler henvendt til naturfagslærere publiceret af projektets projektmedarbejdere, samt materiale udviklet til at understøtte...

  1. Science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Chorafas, Dimitris N

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this book is to explore science and technology from the viewpoint of creating new knowledge, as opposed to the reinterpretation of existing knowledge in ever greater but uncertain detail. Scientists and technologists make progress by distinguishing between what they regard as meaningful and what they consider as secondary or unimportant. The meaningful is dynamic; typically, the less important is static. Science and technology have made a major contribution to the culture and to the standard of living of our society. From antiquity to the present day, the most distinguished scientis

  2. Spitting for Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Athanasiadis, Georgios; Jorgensen, Frank G.; Cheng, Jade Y.;

    2016-01-01

    Scientific outreach delivers science to the people. But it can also deliver people to the science. In this work, we report our experience from a large-scale public engagement project promoting genomic literacy among Danish high school students with the additional benefit of collecting data...... for studying the genetic makeup of the Danish population. Not only did we confirm that students have a great interest in their genetic past, but we were also gratified to see that, with the right motivation, adolescents can provide high-quality data for genetic studies....

  3. Science and patience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Pumain

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available At the start of the new century, geography seems quiet, in the midst of the universe of social sciences shaken by media debates: the teaching of economics has grown top-heavy with mathematics (or rather, in fact, with the excesses of abstract formalism, sociology has been mortified by a thesis glorifying astrology—but geography is doing fine, thank you very much! The impatience of the social sciences, from which society demands immediate answers to its questions, even when these answers have...

  4. Essays in science

    CERN Document Server

    Einstein, Albert

    2011-01-01

    An homage to the men and women of science, and an exposition of Einstein's place in scientific history In this fascinating collection of articles and speeches, Albert Einstein reflects not only on the scientific method at work in his own theoretical discoveries, but eloquently expresses a great appreciation for his scientific contemporaries and forefathers, including Johannes Kepler, Isaac Newton, James Clerk Maxwell, Max Planck, and Niels Bohr. While Einstein is renowned as one of the foremost innovators of modern science, his discoveries uniquely his own, through his own words it becomes c

  5. Teaching science through literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth, Daniel

    2007-12-01

    The hypothesis of this study was that a multidisciplinary, activity rich science curriculum based around science fiction literature, rather than a conventional text book would increase student engagement with the curriculum and improve student performance on standards-based test instruments. Science fiction literature was chosen upon the basis of previous educational research which indicated that science fiction literature was able to stimulate and maintain interest in science. The study was conducted on a middle school campus during the regular summer school session. Students were self-selected from the school's 6 th, 7th, and 8th grade populations. The students used the science fiction novel Maurice on the Moon as their only text. Lessons and activities closely followed the adventures of the characters in the book. The student's initial level of knowledge in Earth and space science was assessed by a pre test. After the four week program was concluded, the students took a post test made up of an identical set of questions. The test included 40 standards-based questions that were based upon concepts covered in the text of the novel and in the classroom lessons and activities. The test also included 10 general knowledge questions that were based upon Earth and space science standards that were not covered in the novel or the classroom lessons or activities. Student performance on the standards-based question set increased an average of 35% for all students in the study group. Every subgroup disaggregated by gender and ethnicity improved from 28-47%. There was no statistically significant change in the performance on the general knowledge question set for any subgroup. Student engagement with the material was assessed by three independent methods, including student self-reports, percentage of classroom work completed, and academic evaluation of student work by the instructor. These assessments of student engagement were correlated with changes in student performance

  6. Is law science?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolien MC Roos

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The question this contribution sets out to address is whether or not law can be regarded as a science. This notion is readily accepted by many, yet it is submitted that a proper theoretical justification for such an assumption is usually missing. The traditional primary sources of law, South African case law and legislation, distinguish between legal practice and legal science, but the basis of the distinction is not clear. However, an entire body of literature in the philosophy of science has developed around the question of when a discipline will amount to science. Various demarcation criteria proposed in the philosophy of science are considered. These include that science uses the scientific method, is susceptible to falsification, is puzzle-solving within a paradigm or renders beneficial results. None of these criteria offers a satisfactory solution to the problem. The proposition by a group of philosophers including Herman Dooyeweerd, Marinus Stafleu and DFM Strauss, that the answer to the demarcation question is to be found in modal abstraction, is then considered. Modal abstraction amounts to a consideration of reality (persons, things, theories and rules from one or more defined point(s of entry. It is an artificial and learnt manner of thinking as it approaches reality from the perspective of one of the modalities of being. For example, juridical abstraction would mean that a cow is considered as the object of someone's proprietary rights. An abstract idea of the cow's characteristics, from a juridical point of view, is formed and the rules of property law are applied. A number of South African legal philosophers, amongst others Van Zyl, Van der Vyver and LM du Plessis, have followed this approach. The South African legislature has also attempted to define the terms "science" and "research", mainly for funding purposes. These definitions are considered and the conclusion is that they do not provide the clear-cut answers one would expect

  7. Materials science and engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holden, T.M.

    1995-10-01

    The science-based stockpile stewardship program emphasizes a better understanding of how complex components function through advanced computer calculations. Many of the problem areas are in the behavior of materials making up the equipment. The Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) can contribute to solving these problems by providing diagnostic tools to examine parts noninvasively and by providing the experimental tools to understand material behavior in terms of both the atomic structure and the microstructure. Advanced computer codes need experimental information on material behavior in response to stress, temperature, and pressure as input, and they need benchmarking experiments to test the model predictions for the finished part.

  8. Open Media Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller Moltke Martiny, Kristian; Pedersen, David Budtz; Hansted, Allan Alfred Birkegaard

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we present three challenges to the emerging Open Science (OS) movement: the challenge of communication, collaboration and cultivation of scientific research. We argue that to address these challenges OS needs to include other forms of data than what can be captured in a text...... and extend into a fully-fledged Open Media movement engaging with new media and non-traditional formats of science communication. We discuss two cases where experiments with open media have driven new collaborations between scientists and documentarists. We use the cases to illustrate different advantages...

  9. Software Testing as Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Gallesdic

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The most widespread opinion among people who have some connection with software testing is that this activity is an art. In fact, books have been published widely whose titles refer to it as art, role or process. But because software complexity is increasing every year, this paper proposes a new approach, conceiving the test as a science. This is because the processes by which they are applied are the steps of the scientific method: inputs, processes, outputs. The contents of this paper examines the similarities and test characteristics as science.

  10. Materials Science Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Dionne

    2005-01-01

    The NASA Materials Science Laboratory (MSL) provides science and engineering services to NASA and Contractor customers at KSC, including those working for the Space Shuttle. International Space Station. and Launch Services Programs. These services include: (1) Independent/unbiased failure analysis (2) Support to Accident/Mishap Investigation Boards (3) Materials testing and evaluation (4) Materials and Processes (M&P) engineering consultation (5) Metrology (6) Chemical analysis (including ID of unknown materials) (7) Mechanical design and fabrication We provide unique solutions to unusual and urgent problems associated with aerospace flight hardware, ground support equipment and related facilities.

  11. Advances in attosecond science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calegari, Francesca; Sansone, Giuseppe; Stagira, Salvatore; Vozzi, Caterina; Nisoli, Mauro

    2016-03-01

    Attosecond science offers formidable tools for the investigation of electronic processes at the heart of important physical processes in atomic, molecular and solid-state physics. In the last 15 years impressive advances have been obtained from both the experimental and theoretical points of view. Attosecond pulses, in the form of isolated pulses or of trains of pulses, are now routinely available in various laboratories. In this review recent advances in attosecond science are reported and important applications are discussed. After a brief presentation of various techniques that can be employed for the generation and diagnosis of sub-femtosecond pulses, various applications are reported in atomic, molecular and condensed-matter physics.

  12. Science Diplomacy in Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neureiter, Norman P.

    2011-04-01

    For us at AAAS science diplomacy means the use of scientific cooperation as an active instrument of a foreign policy of engagement-particularly with countries where overall political relations are strained. Historic precedents are noted with Japan, the Soviet Union, and China. Recent experiences of our AAAS Center for Science Diplomacy are described-with Iran, Syria, Cuba, Burma (Myanmar), and North Korea. In this presentation I will explore cases and the key contributing factors that determine where it makes a difference, and where it is truly constructive.

  13. Introduction to information science

    CERN Document Server

    Bawden, David

    2012-01-01

    This landmark textbook takes a whole subject approach to Information Science as a discipline. Introduced by leading international scholars and offering a global perspective on the discipline, this is designed to be the standard text for students worldwide. The authors' expert narrative guides you through each of the essential building blocks of information science offering a concise introduction and expertly chosen further reading and resources.Critical topics covered include:foundations: concepts, theories and historical perspectivesorganising and retrieving Information information behaviour,

  14. Science photo library

    CERN Document Server

    1999-01-01

    SPL [Science Photo Library] holds a wide range of pictures on all aspects of science, medicine and technology. The pictures come with detailed captions and are available as high quality transparencies in medium or 35mm format. Digital files can be made available on request. Our website provides low resolution files of the pictures in this catalogue, which you can search and download for layout presentation use once you have registered. High resolution files or reproduction are available on request and can be delivered to you by disk or ISDN. Visit the online catalog: www.sciencephoto.com

  15. Physics The First Science

    CERN Document Server

    LINDENFELD, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Today's physics textbooks have become encyclopedic, offering students dry discussions, rote formulas, and exercises with little relation to the real world. Physics: The First Science offers uniquely accessible, student-friendly explanations, historical and philosophical perspectives and mathematics in easy-to-comprehend dialogue. It emphasizes the unity of physics and its place as the basis for all science. With their experience instructing both students and teachers of physics for decades, Peter Lindenfeld and Suzanne White Brahmia have developed an algebra-based physics book with fea

  16. La technologie ADN dans la justice pénale : une illustration de la recomposition de l’action de la justice par la science, la technique et l’expertise ? The DNA Technology in Criminal Justice: An Example of how the Interweaving of Science, Technology and Expertise Impacts on Legal Proceedings.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertrand Renard

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Le recours à l’ADN dans le processus judiciaire pénal s’est progressivement développé pour devenir en moins de 20 ans l’une des ressources scientifiques les moins contestées de la justice pénale. Cette forme d’autorité acquise en un temps assez court invite à se pencher sur les conditions sociales de l’émergence de l’ADN et de son utilisation comme élément de preuve en contexte judiciaire. Comment et dans quelle mesure l’ADN est-il endogénéisé, par le biais de l’expertise judiciaire, dans la justice et quels en sont les effets sur les raisonnements et les pratiques judiciaires ? Il convient, pour le savoir, de décrire et d’analyser les pratiques sociales relatives à l’identification par analyse génétique (IAG en justice pénale, qui sont ce par quoi l’action judiciaire intègre des éléments technologiques et les « digère ». Pour ce faire, l’article procède d’une démarche en trois temps, en illustrant d’abord l’intérêt d’ouvrir la boîte noire du travail de l’expert en IAG et en montrant ensuite à quel point l’intégration des dimensions scientifiques dans l’élaboration du droit se révèle difficile. Sur cette base enfin, l’auteur tire quelques enseignements sur les relations qu’entretiennent droit et science dans ce contexte d’un usage technologique au sein de l’action judiciaire pénale.In less than 20 years, the use of DNA has progressively increased and is now considered as one of the less problematic scientific resources in the judicial criminal process. The fact that this new form of authority has been accepted relatively quickly raises the question of the social conditions of its use as an element of proof in judicial context. How and to which extent DNA has been integrated in the legal process and has impacted on the legal reasoning and practices? What kind of role judicial experts and forensic scientists have played to translate and integrate this part of

  17. ASCR Science Network Requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dart, Eli; Tierney, Brian

    2009-08-24

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In April 2009 ESnet and the Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR), of the DOE Office of Science, organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the programs funded by ASCR. The ASCR facilities anticipate significant increases in wide area bandwidth utilization, driven largely by the increased capabilities of computational resources and the wide scope of collaboration that is a hallmark of modern science. Many scientists move data sets between facilities for analysis, and in some cases (for example the Earth System Grid and the Open Science Grid), data distribution is an essential component of the use of ASCR facilities by scientists. Due to the projected growth in wide area data transfer needs, the ASCR supercomputer centers all expect to deploy and use 100 Gigabit per second networking technology for wide area connectivity as soon as that deployment is financially feasible. In addition to the network connectivity that ESnet provides, the ESnet Collaboration Services (ECS) are critical to several science communities. ESnet identity and trust services, such as the DOEGrids certificate authority, are widely used both by the supercomputer centers and by collaborations such as Open Science Grid (OSG) and the Earth System Grid (ESG). Ease of use is a key determinant of the scientific utility of network-based services. Therefore, a key enabling aspect for scientists beneficial use of high

  18. Reconceptualizing the Nature of Science for Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dagher, Zoubeida R.; Erduran, Sibel

    2016-03-01

    Two fundamental questions about science are relevant for science educators: (a) What is the nature of science? and (b) what aspects of nature of science should be taught and learned? They are fundamental because they pertain to how science gets to be framed as a school subject and determines what aspects of it are worthy of inclusion in school science. This conceptual article re-examines extant notions of nature of science and proposes an expanded version of the Family Resemblance Approach (FRA), originally developed by Irzik and Nola (International handbook of research in history, philosophy and science teaching. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 999-1021, 2014) in which they view science as a cognitive-epistemic and as an institutional-social system. The conceptual basis of the expanded FRA is described and justified in this article based on a detailed account published elsewhere (Erduran and Dagher in Reconceptualizing the nature of science for science education: scientific knowledge, practices and other family categories. Springer, Dordrecht, 2014a). The expanded FRA provides a useful framework for organizing science curriculum and instruction and gives rise to generative visual tools that support the implementation of a richer understanding of and about science. The practical implications for this approach have been incorporated into analysis of curriculum policy documents, curriculum implementation resources, textbook analysis and teacher education settings.

  19. Romanticism and Romantic Science: Their Contribution to Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis; Schulz, Roland

    2014-10-01

    The unique contributions of romanticism and romantic science have been generally ignored or undervalued in history and philosophy of science studies and science education. Although more recent research in history of science has come to delineate the value of both topics for the development of modern science, their merit for the educational field has not been explored. Romanticism was not only an obvious historical period, but a particular state of mind with its own extraordinary emotional sensitivity towards nature. It is especially the latter which we hope to revisit and reclaim for science education. After discussing several key historical contributions, we describe nine characteristics of `Romantic Science' in order to focus on six ideas/possibilities that we believe hold much value for transforming current science education: (1) the emotional sensitivity toward nature, (2) the centrality of sense experience, (3) the importance of "holistic experience", (4) the importance of the notions of mystery and wonder, (5) the power of science to transform people's outlook on the natural world, and (6) the importance of the relationship between science and philosophy. It is argued that in view of a pragmatist/utilitarian conception of school science prevalent today the aforementioned ideas (especially the notion of wonder and the poetic/non-analytical mode of knowledge), can provide food for thought for both science teachers and researchers seeking to work out an aesthetic conception, one that complements current approaches such as inquiry science and conceptual change.

  20. Finding Science in the School Body: Reflections on Transgressing the Boundaries of Science Education and the Social Studies of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Matthew

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the framings that the fields of the social studies of science and science education use for each other. It is shown that the social studies of science frames science education as passive and timeless. Science education frames science studies as a set of representations to better capture how science works. The paper then…