WorldWideScience

Sample records for cafeterias

  1. Cafeteria Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Ken

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, the author discusses an approach that can show today's students how to become more comfortable with a racial or ethnic group different from one's own. "Mix It Up at Lunch" Day calls for students to swap seats in their school cafeterias, break out of their comfort zones, and meet new people. The program originated in 2002 as a way in…

  2. Summer season | Cafeteria closures

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Please note the following cafeteria closures over the summer season: Bldg. 54 closed from 29/07/2013 to 06/09/2013. Bldg. 13: closed from 13/07/2013 to 06/09/2013. Restaurant No. 2, table service (brasserie and restaurant): closed from 01/08/2013 to 06/09/2013. Bldg. 864: closed from 29/07/2013 to 06/09/2013. Bldg. 865: closed from 29/07/2013 to 06/09/2013.

  3. Cafeteria/Multi-Purpose Spaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Christopher W.

    2001-01-01

    Highlights school cafeteria design criteria that creates dining facilities that are both social areas as well as eating spaces. Also examined are key design considerations for multi-purpose areas. (GR)

  4. Field guide to hospital cafeterias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, R P

    1986-09-01

    We have all faced the problem of whether or not to venture into that gastronomic wasteland known as the hospital cafeteria. Hospital cafeterias have developed a reputation, deserved or otherwise, as less than ideal places to eat. Many people overlook the fact that this is a direct result of trying to provide patient meals that are salt-free, sugar-free, fiber-free, and taste-free. (Some faint traces of color may, occasionally, be found.) How then does one go about choosing whether to venture in, and how does one survive the encounter once there? The following guide has been assembled to help the reader through this difficult process.

  5. School Cafeteria Operations: Separating Myth from Reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weeks, Richard

    2011-01-01

    School officials often assume that the food service director or management company should be the one concerned with the cafeteria program's management details. But of course that's not the case. Cafeteria operations affect the school business bottom line, so they indeed fall under the purview of school business officials. Not only should school…

  6. Digital Photography as a Tool to Measure School Cafeteria Consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Mark

    2008-01-01

    Background: Assessing actual consumption of school cafeteria meals presents challenges, given recall problems of children, the cost of direct observation, and the time constraints in the school cafeteria setting. This study assesses the use of digital photography as a technique to measure what elementary-aged students select and actually consume…

  7. Bye Bye Cafeteria, Hello Restaurant-Style Dining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milshtein, Amy

    1999-01-01

    Examines how the university cafeteria is being transformed into restaurant-style dining to attract and retain sophisticated student customers. Harvard's and Seattle Pacific University's dining facilities are briefly highlighted. Concluding comments address planning tips for converting the old cafeteria into a better dining experience. (GR)

  8. Smartphone app allows online payments in cafeterias on Meyrin site

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    As of October 18, 2016, Novae will implement a new additional system of payment in all the cafeterias on the Meyrin site, using the smartphone application Mobino. For step-by-step instructions watch this short video:

  9. 36 CFR 1280.68 - May I use the cafeterias?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May I use the cafeterias... the Washington, DC, Area? § 1280.68 May I use the cafeterias? Yes, the Charters Café in the National Archives Building is normally open to the public Monday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. and the...

  10. Cafeteria-Style Grading in General Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, John A.; Gilbert, Brian D.

    2001-04-01

    Self-selected individual course-grade weighting schemes allow students personal choice of course components in the general chemistry sequence at Coastal Carolina University. With the availability of a wide range of commercial and academically produced pedagogical resources, students can select materials that best suit their own learning styles, social situations, and motivation level. Our students use a signed contract to indicate their preferred grade-weighting schemes for determination of the course grade. In doing so, they choose from course components that include peer-led team learning (PLTL) in the Workshop Chemistry (WSC) model, computer-assisted instruction (CAI) using the ChemSkill Builder (CSB) software, a variety of in-class quizzes and group problem-solving exercises, written exams, and the final written exam. Minimum percentage values are required of all components except WSC and CSB, which have been completely optional graded course components at CCU since the summer of 1999. Comparison of student success in the course and content learning suggests that the improvements observed with introduction of a gamut of activities increase even more when the cafeteria-style grading is implemented.

  11. 34 CFR 395.33 - Operation of cafeterias by blind vendors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Operation of cafeterias by blind vendors. 395.33... BLIND ON FEDERAL AND OTHER PROPERTY Federal Property Management § 395.33 Operation of cafeterias by blind vendors. (a) Priority in the operation of cafeterias by blind vendors on Federal property shall...

  12. 20 CFR 404.1053 - “Qualified benefits” under a cafeteria plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false âQualified benefitsâ under a cafeteria plan... Wages § 404.1053 “Qualified benefits” under a cafeteria plan. We do not include as wages any qualified benefits under a cafeteria plan as described in section 125 of the Code if such payment would not...

  13. Serving Up Change in School Cafeterias (with Related Video)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capalbo, Mike A.

    2011-01-01

    Today's education institution kitchens are colorful and inviting, designed with curvature and stainless steel to compete with local restaurants, offering more variety and efficiency to the demanding health-conscious "Generation Me" consumer who is short on time and big on selection. In short, campus eateries are less "cafeteria" and more "cafe."…

  14. Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment for the SNL/NM cafeterias.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCord, Samuel Adam

    2005-12-01

    This Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) was conducted for the two Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico cafeteria facilities between May and August 2005. The primary purpose of this PPOA is to assess waste and resource reduction opportunities and issue Pollution Prevention (P2) recommendations for Sandia's food service facilities. This PPOA contains recommendations for energy, water and resource reduction, as well as material substitution based upon environmentally preferable purchasing. Division 3000 has requested the PPOA report as part of the Division's compliance effort to implement the Environmental Management System (EMS) per DOE Order 450.1. This report contains a summary of the information collected and analyses performed with recommended options for implementation. The SNL/NM P2 Group will work with Division 3000 and the respective cafeteria facilities to implement these options.

  15. Ergonomic assessments of three Idaho National Engineering Laboratory cafeterias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostrom, L.T.; Romero, H.A.; Gilbert, B.G.; Wilhelmsen, C.A.

    1993-05-01

    The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory is a Department of Energy facility that performs a variety of engineering and research projects. EG&G Idaho is the prime contractor for the laboratory and, as such, performs the support functions in addition to technical, research, and development functions. As a part of the EG&G Idaho Industrial Hygiene Initiative, ergonomic assessments were conducted at three Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Cafeterias. The purposes of the assessments were to determine whether ergonomic problems existed in the work places and, if so, to make recommendations to improve the work place and task designs. The study showed there were ergonomic problems in all three cafeterias assessed. The primary ergonomic stresses observed included wrist and shoulder stress in the dish washing task, postural stress in the dish washing and food preparation tasks, and back stress in the food handling tasks.

  16. Ergonomic assessments of three Idaho National Engineering Laboratory cafeterias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostrom, L.T.; Romero, H.A.; Gilbert, B.G.; Wilhelmsen, C.A.

    1993-01-01

    The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory is a Department of Energy facility that performs a variety of engineering and research projects. EG G Idaho is the prime contractor for the laboratory and, as such, performs the support functions in addition to technical, research, and development functions. As a part of the EG G Idaho Industrial Hygiene Initiative, ergonomic assessments were conducted at three Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Cafeterias. The purposes of the assessments were to determine whether ergonomic problems existed in the work places and, if so, to make recommendations to improve the work place and task designs. The study showed there were ergonomic problems in all three cafeterias assessed. The primary ergonomic stresses observed included wrist and shoulder stress in the dish washing task, postural stress in the dish washing and food preparation tasks, and back stress in the food handling tasks.

  17. Using nudging and social marketing techniques to create healthy worksite cafeterias in the Netherlands: intervention development and study design

    OpenAIRE

    Velema, Elizabeth; Vyth, Ellis L.; Steenhuis, Ingrid H. M.

    2017-01-01

    Background The worksite cafeteria is a suitable setting for interventions focusing on changing eating behavior, because a lot of employees visit the worksite cafeteria regularly and a variety of interventions could be implemented there. The aim of this paper is to describe the intervention development and design of the evaluation of an intervention to make the purchase behavior of employees in the worksite cafeteria healthier. The developed intervention called “the worksite cafeteria 2.0” con...

  18. 26 CFR 54.4980G-5 - HSA comparability rules and cafeteria plans and waiver of excise tax.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 17 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false HSA comparability rules and cafeteria plans and... HSA comparability rules and cafeteria plans and waiver of excise tax. Q-1: If an employer makes contributions through a section 125 cafeteria plan to the HSA of each employee who is an eligible...

  19. 41 CFR 102-74.65 - Are cafeterias authorized under the Randolph-Sheppard Act operated by permit or contract?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Are cafeterias....65 Are cafeterias authorized under the Randolph-Sheppard Act operated by permit or contract? They are... State licensing agency to license blind vendors to operate cafeterias on Federal property....

  20. 41 CFR 102-74.60 - Are Federal agencies required to give blind vendors priority in operating cafeterias?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... required to give blind vendors priority in operating cafeterias? 102-74.60 Section 102-74.60 Public....60 Are Federal agencies required to give blind vendors priority in operating cafeterias? Yes. Federal agencies are required to give Randolph-Sheppard vendors priority in the operation of cafeterias when...

  1. Effect of Coleus forskohliiextract on cafeteria diet-induced obesity in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hebbani Nagarajappa Shivaprasad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Obesity is a metabolic disorder that can lead to adverse metabolic effects on blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides and insulin resistance and also increases the risk of coronary heart disease, ischemic stroke and type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study was designed to determine the effect of Coleus forskohlii on obesity and associated metabolic changes in rats fed with cafeteria diet. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate antiobesogenic and metabolic benefits of C. forskohlii in cafeteria diet induced obesity rat model. Materials and Methods: Rats were randomly divided into five groups of six animals in each group and as follows: Normal pellet diet group; cafeteria diet group; cafeteria diet followed by 50 mg/kg/d Coleus forskohlii extract (CFE, 100 mg/kg/d CFE and 45 mg/kg/d orlistat groups, respectively. Indicators of obesity such as food intake, body weight and alteration in serum lipid profiles were studied. Results: Feeding of cafeteria diet induced obesity in rats. Administration of CFE significantly halted increase in food intake and weight gain associated with cafeteria diet. Development of dyslipidemia was also significantly inhibited. Conclusion: The observed effects validate that supplementation of CFE with cafeteria diet could curb the appetite and mitigate the development of dyslipidemia.

  2. Effects of lactation upon circulating plasma metabolites in cafeteria-fed rats

    OpenAIRE

    Salvadó, J.; Segués Piqué, Teresa; Alemany, Marià; Arola i Ferrer, Lluís

    1986-01-01

    1. The effects of "cafeteria feeding" on primiparous Wistar rats during lactation have been studied by measuring circulating levels of glucose, amino acids, lactate, urea and ammonia as well as glycogen levels in liver and muscle. 2. No significant changes in glucose levels were observed despite alterations in blood glucose compartmentation. 3. Compared with controls, the dams given the cafeteria diet had higher liver glycogen stores which were more easily mobilized at the peak of lactation. ...

  3. Dietary education for university students : Effect of putting the poster related to diet or nutrition in the sign stand on university cafeteria dining tables

    OpenAIRE

    冨永, 美穂子; 濱端, 倫子

    2015-01-01

    We investigated the effectiveness of a university cafeteria as a place of dietary education by putting 10 kinds of poster related to diet or nutrition in the sign stand on the dining tables at a university cafeteria over a period of 10 weeks (1 week for each poster). We conducted a questionnaire survey among students using the cafeteria with respect to such items as requests to the cafeteria, awareness of nutritional balance, frequency of eating breakfast, and utility of the posters i...

  4. Obesity induced by cafeteria diet disrupts fertility in the rat by affecting multiple ovarian targets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazzano, M V; Torelli, C; Pustovrh, M C; Paz, D A; Elia, E M

    2015-11-01

    Obesity constitutes a health problem of increasing worldwide prevalence. Among the health detriments caused by obesity, reproduction is disrupted. However, the mechanisms involved in this disruption are not fully understood. Animals fed a cafeteria diet constitute the model for the study of obesity that most closely reflects Western diet habits. The aims of this study were to evaluate whether a cafeteria diet affects ovarian function and to contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms involved. For that purpose, 22-day-old female Wistar rats were fed ad libitum with a standard diet (control group; n = 20) or cafeteria diet (CAF group; n = 20). The cafeteria diet induced obesity and hyperglycaemia, without altering serum triglycerides, cholesterol or C-reactive protein concentrations. This diet also altered ovarian function: the rats showed prolonged dioestrous phases, decreased serum oestradiol concentrations and increased number of antral atretic follicles. Moreover, follicular cysts were detected in the CAF group, concomitantly with a decrease in the number of anti-Müllerian hormone immunoreactive pre-antral follicles and COX-2-positive antral and pre-ovulatory follicles. The authors conclude that a cafeteria diet reduces ovarian reserve, induces the presence of follicular cysts and disturbs the ovulatory process, leading to the delayed pregnancy observed in these animals.

  5. A field assessment of floor slipperiness in a student cafeteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Ruifeng; Li, Kai Way

    2013-01-01

    Investigation of floor slipperiness is critical in studying the risk of slips and falls. This research conducted friction measurements and employee survey on floor slipperiness in a student cafeteria in a university in China in order to study the correlation between the two types of floor slipperiness measure. It was found that the fryer area in kitchen 1 and the meat defrost sink in kitchen 2 had significantly the lowest coefficient of friction (COF) values among all areas in the same kitchen. The results showed that the levels of friction on the floors in different areas in each kitchen were significantly different. Employee perceptions of floor slipperiness among areas were also significantly different. The level of friction and employee perception of floor slipperiness was highly correlated (ρ = 0.87). This implies a good agreement between the two measures. A linear regression model was established to describe the relationship between the perceived floor slipperiness and the measured COF. The model was significant at p < 0.0001 with an R (2) of 0.59.

  6. Availability of drinking water in US public school cafeterias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hood, Nancy E; Turner, Lindsey; Colabianchi, Natalie; Chaloupka, Frank J; Johnston, Lloyd D

    2014-09-01

    This study examined the availability of free drinking water during lunchtime in US public schools, as required by federal legislation beginning in the 2011-2012 school year. Data were collected by mail-back surveys in nationally representative samples of US public elementary, middle, and high schools from 2009-2010 to 2011-2012. Overall, 86.4%, 87.4%, and 89.4% of students attended elementary, middle, and high schools, respectively, that met the drinking water requirement. Most students attended schools with existing cafeteria drinking fountains and about one fourth attended schools with water dispensers. In middle and high schools, respondents were asked to indicate whether drinking fountains were clean, and whether they were aware of any water-quality problems at the school. The vast majority of middle and high school students (92.6% and 90.4%, respectively) attended schools where the respondent perceived drinking fountains to be clean or very clean. Approximately one in four middle and high school students attended a school where the survey respondent indicated that there were water-quality issues affecting drinking fountains. Although most schools have implemented the requirement to provide free drinking water at lunchtime, additional work is needed to promote implementation at all schools. School nutrition staff at the district and school levels can play an important role in ensuring that schools implement the drinking water requirement, as well as promote education and behavior-change strategies to increase student consumption of water at school.

  7. 26 CFR 1.125-3 - Effect of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) on the operation of cafeteria plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) on the operation of cafeteria plans. 1.125-3 Section 1.125-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE... operation of cafeteria plans. The following questions and answers provide guidance on the effect of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), 29 U.S.C. 2601 et seq., on the operation of cafeteria plans:...

  8. Microbiological criteria in public catering: sampling and auditing experiences in canteens and cafeterias in Piedmont

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amaranta Traversa

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In the period 2006-2011 six public catering establishments (3 canteens and 3 cafeterias were monitored, trough audit and sampling, in order to verify the application of good manufacturing and hygiene practices during food production, handling and serving. The compliance to microbiological food safety criteria (Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. and process hygiene criteria were investigated using ISO standards for microbiological analyses. A total of 612 samples were collected: 192 food samples and 288 environmental swab samples from canteens; 33 food samples and 99 swab samples from cafeterias. Regarding food safety, two samples were in disagreement with criteria fixed in EU Regulation as Listeria monocytogenes was isolated from a turkey breast in a canteen and from a sandwich in a cafeteria. Regarding process hygiene criteria, as no microbiological limits are legally defined for catering services, for this study limits were fixed according to the quality standards of tender, scientific literature and laboratory experience. 23.4% foodstuffs and 8.7% swabs resulted non-compliant in canteens; 48.5% foodstuffs and 6.1% swabs resulted non-compliant in cafeterias. The count of coagulase-positive staphylococci (CPS was higher of the fixed limits in raw turkey meat and in cooked spinach: the presence among CPS of S. aureus was confirmed, strains were not able to produce enterotoxins. The most common non-compliance in hygiene criteria was represented by aerobic colony count (60.7% of total non-compliance in canteens and 75.0% in cafeterias and coliform bacteria (20.3% in canteens and 25.0% in cafeterias. Nine raw foods or raw readyto- eat food samples were non-compliant for both coliform bacteria and aerobic count; one sample (raw turkey meat was non-compliant for CPS and aerobic count but resulted to be compliant after cooking. Auditing and sampling are the most effective tools to improve food quality standard and to enhance food business

  9. Market research for a business plan : a child-friendly cafeteria

    OpenAIRE

    Rundberg, Janika

    2013-01-01

    The object of this Bachelor's thesis is to see whether there is a market in Turku for a new business plan, a child-friendly cafeteria. The author has an option of starting up a company if the thesis proves that there is a market for the business. The author wanted to know if other people with children feel the same way than she does about the existing cafeteria culture, the lack of healthy food and drink options and not very child-friendly enviroments being the main problems in the market. ...

  10. Cafeteria diet impairs expression of sensory-specific satiety and stimulus-outcome learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Claire Reichelt

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A range of animal and human data demonstrates that excessive consumption of palatable food leads to neuroadaptive responses in brain circuits underlying reward. Unrestrained consumption of palatable food has been shown to increase the reinforcing value of food and weaken inhibitory control; however whether it impacts upon the sensory representations of palatable solutions has not been formally tested. These experiments sought to determine whether exposure to a cafeteria diet consisting of palatable high fat foods impacts upon the ability of rats to learn about food-associated cues and the sensory properties of ingested foods. We found that rats fed a cafeteria diet for 2 weeks were impaired in the control of Pavlovian responding in accordance to the incentive value of palatable outcomes associated with auditory cues following devaluation by sensory-specific satiety. Sensory-specific satiety is one mechanism by which a diet containing different foods increases ingestion relative to one lacking variety. Hence, choosing to consume greater quantities of a range of foods may contribute to the current prevalence of obesity. We observed that rats fed a cafeteria diet for 2 weeks showed impaired sensory-specific satiety following consumption of a high calorie solution. The deficit in expression of sensory-specific satiety was also present 1 week following the withdrawal of cafeteria foods. Thus, exposure to obesogenic diets may impact upon neurocircuitry involved in motivated control of behaviour.

  11. Strengthening environmental and educational nutrition programmes in worksite cafeterias and supermarkets in The Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steenhuis, I H; Van Assema, P; Glanz, K

    2001-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess conditions for the adoption and continued implementation of different healthy nutrition programmes in worksite cafeterias and supermarkets, i.e. an educational programme and two environmental programmes (a food labelling programme and a food supply programme). Twenty semi-structured interviews were conducted with representatives of worksite cafeterias and supermarkets. Concepts of theories of diffusion were used as a framework for the study. Questions were formulated about the attributes of the innovation, and organizational and personal characteristics that might influence programme adoption and implementation. Results indicated that educational and environmental programmes in both worksite cafeterias and supermarkets should meet specific requirements regarding programme design, methods and materials in order to be adopted and implemented. Besides, some important implementation strategies of the educational and environmental programmes were identified. It is concluded that it seems feasible to conduct educational and environmental intervention programmes in worksite cafeterias and supermarkets, but that certain conditions for adoption and continued implementation have to be met. Based on the implications of this study, the development of an educational programme, a labelling programme and a food supply programme was completed.

  12. Reducing Disruptive Behavior in an Urban School Cafeteria: An Extension of the Good Behavior Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCurdy, Barry L.; Lannie, Amanda L.; Barnabas, Ernesto

    2009-01-01

    Non-classroom settings are often the most violence-prone areas within a school. This study investigated the impact of an interdependent group contingency on the disruptive behaviors of students in grades K-6 in an urban school cafeteria. Nine female noontime aides and National School and Community Corps staff members implemented the Lunchroom…

  13. The impact of educational and environmental interventions in Dutch worksite cafeterias

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.H.M. Steenhuis; P. van Assema (Patricia); G.J.P. van Breukelen (Gerard); K. Glanz; G.J. Kok (Gerjo); H. de Vries (Hein)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractEnvironmental interventions as labeling of healthy foods and an increased availability of healthy foods may help consumers to meet the guidelines for a healthy diet. This article describes a study into the effectiveness of two environmental programs to be used in worksite cafeterias alon

  14. Effect of Food Service Nutrition Improvements on Elementary School Cafeteria Lunch Purchase Patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cluss, Patricia A.; Fee, LuAnn; Culyba, Rebecca J.; Bhat, Kiran B.; Owen, Kay

    2014-01-01

    Background: Schools can play a major role in prevention and intervention for childhood obesity. We describe changes in elementary school cafeteria lunch sales patterns resulting from nutritional improvements in menu offerings that were part of a community-wide focus on health. Methods: Elementary school lunch sales data were collected for 1 week…

  15. Consumer Support for Policies to Reduce the Sodium Content in School Cafeterias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Sheena M.; Gunn, Janelle P.; Merlo, Caitlin L.; Tong, Xin; Cogswell, Mary E.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess consumer support for policies lowering the sodium content of cafeteria foods in schools. Methods: Data were used from 9,634 adults aged >18 years who responded to questions about sodium in general and in school foods in a 2010 national mail panel survey. Prevalence of consumer…

  16. A Group Contingency Program to Improve the Behavior of Elementary School Students in a Cafeteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabiano, Gregory A.; Pelham, William E., Jr.; Karmazin, Karen; Kreher, Joanne; Panahon, Carlos J.; Carlson, Carl

    2008-01-01

    Studies of behavior modification interventions for disruptive behavior in schools have generally focused on classroom behavior with less research directed toward child behavior in other school settings (e.g., cafeterias). The present report documents the effect of a group contingency intervention with a random reward component, targeting…

  17. Schools′ cafeteria status: Does it affect snack patterns? a qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Esfarjani

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate patterns of students′ snacks habits regarding to their schools′ cafeteria status in Tehran by focus group discussion (FGD technique. Methods: Participants were 240 students (12-15 years old, selected from12 middle-schools in Tehran. The field study consisted of 24 FGDs sessions; involving 8-10 participants. Collected data were coded, categorized and analyzed using constant comparative method. Results: Over half of the students believed that snack consumption is necessary. Although, majority of students believed that their schools′ cafeterias are not acceptable, they noted them as one of the necessary parts of school. Nearly half of the children were complaining of unvaried and expensive food items. The most purchased items were: Cookies, sandwiches with mayonnaise and ketchup, soft drinks and chocolate milk. Most of the students were interested in having roles in their cafeterias. Conclusions: Schools′ cafeteria are significant sources of supplying adolescents′ snacks, so developing hygienic stores containing healthy and nutritious food items is a key element to affect their snack selection positively. Reaching this goal requires a multi disciplinary approach through participation of students, school staff, parents, and the support of community and media.

  18. Management of Sodium-reduced Meals at Worksite Cafeterias: Perceptions, Practices, Barriers, and Needs among Food Service Personnel

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Jounghee; Park, Sohyun

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The sodium content of meals provided at worksite cafeterias is greater than the sodium content of restaurant meals and home meals. The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between sodium-reduction practices, barriers, and perceptions among food service personnel. Methods We implemented a cross-sectional study by collecting data on perceptions, practices, barriers, and needs regarding sodium-reduced meals at 17 worksite cafeterias in South Korea. We implemented Ch...

  19. How the CATCH eat smart program helps implement the USDA regulations in school cafeterias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoelscher, Deanna M; Mitchell, Paul; Dwyer, Johanna; Elder, John; Clesi, Ann; Snyder, Patricia

    2003-08-01

    This article describes the implementation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National School Lunch Program (NSLP) standards in school lunch menus in 56 intervention and 20 control schools from the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH) 5 years after the main trial, compared with 12 schools previously unexposed to CATCH. School food service personnel completed questionnaires to assess CATCH guideline implementation, demographic data, behavioral constructs, training, program material use, and participation in competing programs. Five days of menus and recipes were collected from school cafeteria staff, averaged, and compared to USDA School Meal Initiative (SMI) standards. Significant differences between intervention and unexposed schools were found for training and knowledge of CATCH and in mean percentage energy from fat and carbohydrates. Intervention schools most closely met USDA SMI recommendations for fat. Thus, the CATCH Eat Smart Program assisted school cafeterias in meeting USDA guidelines 5 years postimplementation.

  20. Menu Analysis for Improved Customer Demand and Profitability in Hospital Cafeterias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Linda L.; MacInnis, Donna; Gardiner, Nicole

    1999-01-01

    Several sophisticated menu analysis methods have been compared in studies using theoretical restaurant menus. Institutional and especially hospital cafeterias differ from commercial restaurants in ways that may influence the effectiveness of these menu analysis methods. In this study, we compared three different menu analysis methods - menu engineering, goal value analysis, and marginal analysis in an institutional setting, to evaluate their relative effectiveness for menu management decision-making. The three methods were used to analyze menu cost and sales data for a representative cafeteria in a large metropolitan hospital. The results were compared with informal analyses by the manager and an employee to determine accuracy and value of information for decision-making. Results suggested that all three methods would improve menu planning and pricing, which in turn would enhance customer demand (revenue) and profitability. However, menu engineering was ranked the easiest of the three methods to interpret.

  1. Effect of Coleus forskohlii extract on cafeteria diet-induced obesity in rats

    OpenAIRE

    Hebbani Nagarajappa Shivaprasad; Sushma Gopalakrishna; Bhanumathy Mariyanna; Midhun Thekkoot; Roopa Reddy; Boreddy Shivanandappa Tippeswamy

    2014-01-01

    Background: Obesity is a metabolic disorder that can lead to adverse metabolic effects on blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides and insulin resistance and also increases the risk of coronary heart disease, ischemic stroke and type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study was designed to determine the effect of Coleus forskohlii on obesity and associated metabolic changes in rats fed with cafeteria diet. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate antiobesogenic and metabolic benefits of C. f...

  2. Promoting consumption of fruit in elementary school cafeterias. The effects of slicing apples and oranges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Mark; Branscum, Adam; Nakayima, Peace Julie

    2009-10-01

    We examined how slicing apples and oranges affected elementary students' selection and consumption of fruit. Slicing increased the percentage of children selecting and consuming oranges, while a similar effect was not found for apples. The impact of slicing fruit was greatest among younger students. These findings suggest that school cafeterias can increase accessibility and consumption of foods through simple, inexpensive food preparation techniques, with the impact of such measures varying by foods and student characteristics.

  3. Chocolate milk consequences: a pilot study evaluating the consequences of banning chocolate milk in school cafeterias.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew S Hanks

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Currently, 68.3% of the milk available in schools is flavored, with chocolate being the most popular (61.6% of all milk. If chocolate milk is removed from a school cafeteria, what will happen to overall milk selection and consumption? METHODS: In a before-after study in 11 Oregon elementary schools, flavored milk-which will be referred to as chocolate milk-was banned from the cafeteria. Milk sales, school enrollment, and data for daily participation in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP were compared year to date. RESULTS: Total daily milk sales declined by 9.9% (p<0.01. Although white milk increased by 161.2 cartons per day (p<0.001, 29.4% of this milk was thrown away. Eliminating chocolate milk was also associated with 6.8% fewer students eating school lunches, and although other factors were also involved, this is consistent with the notion of psychological reactance. CONCLUSIONS: Removing chocolate milk from school cafeterias may reduce calorie and sugar consumption, but it may also lead students to take less milk overall, drink less (waste more of the white milk they do take, and no longer purchase school lunch. Food service managers need to carefully weigh the costs and benefits of eliminating chocolate milk and should consider alternative options that make white milk more convenient, attractive, and normal to choose.

  4. Chocolate Milk Consequences: A Pilot Study Evaluating the Consequences of Banning Chocolate Milk in School Cafeterias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanks, Andrew S.; Just, David R.; Wansink, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Currently, 68.3% of the milk available in schools is flavored, with chocolate being the most popular (61.6% of all milk). If chocolate milk is removed from a school cafeteria, what will happen to overall milk selection and consumption? Methods In a before-after study in 11 Oregon elementary schools, flavored milk–which will be referred to as chocolate milk–was banned from the cafeteria. Milk sales, school enrollment, and data for daily participation in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) were compared year to date. Results Total daily milk sales declined by 9.9% (p<0.01). Although white milk increased by 161.2 cartons per day (p<0.001), 29.4% of this milk was thrown away. Eliminating chocolate milk was also associated with 6.8% fewer students eating school lunches, and although other factors were also involved, this is consistent with the notion of psychological reactance. Conclusions Removing chocolate milk from school cafeterias may reduce calorie and sugar consumption, but it may also lead students to take less milk overall, drink less (waste more) of the white milk they do take, and no longer purchase school lunch. Food service managers need to carefully weigh the costs and benefits of eliminating chocolate milk and should consider alternative options that make white milk more convenient, attractive, and normal to choose. PMID:24740451

  5. You Don't Have To Dread Cafeteria Duty: A Guide to Surviving Lunchroom, Recess, Bus, and "Other Duties as Assigned."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novak, Dori E.; Strohmer, Joanne C.

    This book offers educators ideas, plans, games, and reproducibles for making the school cafeteria into an inviting place where students can learn and have fun. Chapter 1, "The Dreaded School Cafeteria Scene," discusses observing the big picture and getting others involved. Chapter 2, "What Could Be," helps create a vision of what could be. Chapter…

  6. Altered feeding patterns in rats exposed to a palatable cafeteria diet: increased snacking and its implications for development of obesity.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah I Martire

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Rats prefer energy-rich foods over chow and eat them to excess. The pattern of eating elicited by this diet is unknown. We used the behavioral satiety sequence to classify an eating bout as a meal or snack and compared the eating patterns of rats fed an energy rich cafeteria diet or chow. METHODS: Eight week old male Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to lab chow or an energy-rich cafeteria diet (plus chow for 16 weeks. After 5, 10 and 15 weeks, home-cage overnight feeding behavior was recorded. Eating followed by grooming then resting or sleeping was classified as a meal; whereas eating not followed by the full sequence was classified as a snack. Numbers of meals and snacks, their duration, and waiting times between feeding bouts were compared between the two conditions. RESULTS: Cafeteria-fed rats ate more protein, fat and carbohydrate, consistently ingesting double the energy of chow-fed rats, and were significantly heavier by week 4. Cafeteria-fed rats tended to take multiple snacks between meals and ate fewer meals than chow-fed rats. They also ate more snacks at 5 weeks, were less effective at compensating for snacking by reducing meals, and the number of snacks in the majority of the cafeteria-fed rats was positively related to terminal body weights. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to a palatable diet had long-term effects on feeding patterns. Rats became overweight because they initially ate more frequently and ultimately ate more of foods with higher energy density. The early increased snacking in young cafeteria-fed rats may represent the establishment of eating habits that promote weight gain.

  7. Cafeteria diet inhibits insulin clearance by reduced insulin-degrading enzyme expression and mRNA splicing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandimarti, P; Costa-Júnior, J M; Ferreira, S M; Protzek, A O; Santos, G J; Carneiro, E M; Boschero, A C; Rezende, L F

    2013-11-01

    Insulin clearance plays a major role in glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity in physiological and/or pathological conditions, such as obesity-induced type 2 diabetes as well as diet-induced obesity. The aim of the present work was to evaluate cafeteria diet-induced obesity-induced changes in insulin clearance and to explain the mechanisms underlying these possible changes. Female Swiss mice were fed either a standard chow diet (CTL) or a cafeteria diet (CAF) for 8 weeks, after which we performed glucose tolerance tests, insulin tolerance tests, insulin dynamics, and insulin clearance tests. We then isolated pancreatic islets for ex vivo glucose-stimulated insulin secretion as well as liver, gastrocnemius, visceral adipose tissue, and hypothalamus for subsequent protein analysis by western blot and determination of mRNA levels by real-time RT-PCR. The cafeteria diet induced insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, and increased insulin secretion and total insulin content. More importantly, mice that were fed a cafeteria diet demonstrated reduced insulin clearance and decay rate as well as reduced insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) protein and mRNA levels in liver and skeletal muscle compared with the control animals. Furthermore, the cafeteria diet reduced IDE expression and alternative splicing in the liver and skeletal muscle of mice. In conclusion, a cafeteria diet impairs glucose homeostasis by reducing insulin sensitivity, but it also reduces insulin clearance by reducing IDE expression and alternative splicing in mouse liver; however, whether this mechanism contributes to the glucose intolerance or helps to ameliorate it remains unclear.

  8. The impact of educational and environmental interventions in Dutch worksite cafeterias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steenhuis, Ingrid; Van Assema, Patricia; Van Breukelen, Gerard; Glanz, Karen; Kok, Gerjo; De Vries, Hein

    2004-09-01

    Environmental interventions such as labeling and an increased availability of healthy foods may help consumers to meet guidelines for a healthy diet. This article describes a study into the effectiveness of two environmental programs to be used in worksite cafeterias along with an educational program. The aim of the interventions was to reduce fat intake, and to increase fruit and vegetable intake. In the labeling program, low-fat products were labeled. The food supply program comprised an increased availability of low-fat products and fruits and vegetables in worksite cafeterias. The educational program consisted of information about healthy nutrition through brochures, table tents, a self-help manual and posters. The design consisted of a pre-test-post-test experimental control group design, with four conditions: the educational program; the food supply program plus educational program; the labeling program plus educational program; and a control group. Seventeen worksites were randomly assigned to one of the four research conditions. Total fat, fruit and vegetable intake was measured with a quantitative, self-administered food frequency questionnaire (35 questions). Intake during lunch was measured by asking respondents to write down which food items they had purchased during their last lunch in the cafeteria. Furthermore, sales data for some targeted product categories were collected (milk, butter, cheese, meat products, desserts). For the whole study population, no significant effects on consumption data were found for any of the programs. The data showed a beneficial and significant treatment effect of the labeling program on total fat intake for respondents who believed they ate a high-fat diet. Sales data revealed a significant effect of the labeling program on desserts, but not for the other products.

  9. Podnikatelský plán. Cafeteria a bistro

    OpenAIRE

    Křepelková, Romana

    2014-01-01

    Křepelková, R. The Business plan -- the establishment of a cafeteria and bistro. Bachelor thesis. Prague: University of Economics in Prague, 2015. The aim of the bachelor thesis is to create a business plan that will serve as a basis for making decision if the plan is viable and if has the potential to succeed. The work has two parts - theoretical and practical. The theoretical part provides all information concerning the business plan and its creation. The practical part of the thesis contai...

  10. Smoking ban in all restaurants and cafeterias on the CERN site

    CERN Multimedia

    CSR

    2006-01-01

    In 2005 the SCC decided that there would be a total smoking ban in all restaurants and satellite cafeterias on the CERN site, except for the designated area in Restaurant No.1. Unfortunately, it seems that this ban is often over-looked, resulting in an unhealthy and unpleasant environment for the users and staff of these facilities. You are asked to respect this ban and are reminded that smoking is only permitted in the room in Restaurant 1 specially installed for this purpose. The CSR Restaurant Monitoring Committee

  11. Dietary supplementation with a specific melon concentrate reverses vascular dysfunction induced by cafeteria diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carillon, Julie; Jover, Bernard; Cristol, Jean-Paul; Rouanet, Jean-Max; Richard, Sylvain; Virsolvy, Anne

    2016-01-01

    Background Obesity-related metabolic syndrome is associated with high incidence of cardiovascular diseases partially consecutive to vascular dysfunction. Therapeutic strategies consisting of multidisciplinary interventions include nutritional approaches. Benefits of supplementation with a specific melon concentrate, enriched in superoxide dismutase (SOD), have previously been shown on the development of insulin resistance and inflammation in a nutritional hamster model of obesity. Objective We further investigated arterial function in this animal model of metabolic syndrome and studied the effect of melon concentrate supplementation on arterial contractile activity. Design and results The study was performed on a hamster model of diet-induced obesity. After a 15-week period of cafeteria diet, animals were supplemented during 4 weeks with a specific melon concentrate (Cucumis melo L.) Contractile responses of isolated aorta to various agonists and antagonists were studied ex vivo. Cafeteria diet induced vascular contractile dysfunction associated with morphological remodeling. Melon concentrate supplementation partially corrected these dysfunctions; reduced morphological alterations; and improved contractile function, especially by increasing nitric oxide bioavailability and expression of endogenous SOD. Conclusions Supplementation with the specific melon concentrate improves vascular dysfunction associated with obesity. This beneficial effect may be accounted for by induction of endogenous antioxidant defense. Such an approach in line with nutritional interventions could be a useful strategy to manage metabolic syndrome–induced cardiovascular trouble. PMID:27834185

  12. Dietary supplementation with a specific melon concentrate reverses vascular dysfunction induced by cafeteria diet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Carillon

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Obesity-related metabolic syndrome is associated with high incidence of cardiovascular diseases partially consecutive to vascular dysfunction. Therapeutic strategies consisting of multidisciplinary interventions include nutritional approaches. Benefits of supplementation with a specific melon concentrate, enriched in superoxide dismutase (SOD, have previously been shown on the development of insulin resistance and inflammation in a nutritional hamster model of obesity. Objective: We further investigated arterial function in this animal model of metabolic syndrome and studied the effect of melon concentrate supplementation on arterial contractile activity. Design and results: The study was performed on a hamster model of diet-induced obesity. After a 15-week period of cafeteria diet, animals were supplemented during 4 weeks with a specific melon concentrate (Cucumis melo L. Contractile responses of isolated aorta to various agonists and antagonists were studied ex vivo. Cafeteria diet induced vascular contractile dysfunction associated with morphological remodeling. Melon concentrate supplementation partially corrected these dysfunctions; reduced morphological alterations; and improved contractile function, especially by increasing nitric oxide bioavailability and expression of endogenous SOD. Conclusions: Supplementation with the specific melon concentrate improves vascular dysfunction associated with obesity. This beneficial effect may be accounted for by induction of endogenous antioxidant defense. Such an approach in line with nutritional interventions could be a useful strategy to manage metabolic syndrome–induced cardiovascular trouble.

  13. Design of an ARM-based Automatic Rice-Selling Machine for Cafeterias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiliang Kang

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available To address the problems of low selling efficiency, poor sanitation conditions, labor-intensive requirement, and quick rice cooling speed in manual rice selling in cafeterias, especially in colleges and secondary schools, this paper presented an Advanced RISC Machines (ARM microprocessor-based rice-selling machine for cafeterias. The machines consisted of a funnel-shaped rice bin, a thermal insulation box, and a conveying and scattering mechanism. Moreover, this machine exerts fuzzy control over stepper motor rpm, and the motor drives the conveyor belt with a scraper to scatter rice, deliver it, and keep it warm. Apart from an external 4*4 keyboard, a point of sale (POS machine, an ARM process and a pressure sensor, the machine is also equipped with card swiping and weighting mechanisms to achieve functions of card swiping payment and precise measurement, respectively. In addition, detection of the right amount of rice and the alarm function are achieved using an ultrasonic sensor and a beeper, respectively. The presence of the rice container on the rice outlet is detected by an optoelectronic switch. Results show that this rice-selling machine achieves precise measurement, quick card swiping, fast rice selling, stable operation, and good rice heat preservation. Therefore, the mechanical design enables the machine to achieve its goals.

  14. [Hygienic quality of meat used in institutional food services: university cafeterias in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilboudo, A J; Savadogo, A; Barro, N; Ouedraogo, M; Traore, A S

    2009-01-01

    This present study was conducted to assess the hygienic quality of meals served in three cafeterias at the national university in Ouagadougou and the compliance of kitchen staff with good hygiene practices. Microbiological analyses assessed the hygienic quality of the raw meat and of meat-based meals. The results showed poor hygiene practices by food handlers along the food chain. These observations were confirmed by the identification of salmonella, coliform and staphylococcal bacteria in raw meat and cooked meals. Overall, 60% of the raw meat samples were unsatisfactory for aerobic mesophilic flora and 6.6% for salmonella. For the cooked meat meals, on the other hand, 45% of the samples were satisfactory for aerobic mesophilic flora, 100% for salmonella, 93.3% for fecal thermotolerant coliforms and 96.6% for staphylococci. These results showed poor hygiene in the handling of raw meat, but a clear improvement in hygienic quality after cooking. Raising the awareness of cafeteria staff about compliance with hygiene rules appears primordial. Moreover improvement of the food environment, the kitchen equipment, and organization as well as the introduction of a cleaning-disinfection programme would make it possible to provide more hygienic meals in these institutional facilities.

  15. Food safety objectives for Listeria monocytogenes in Spanish food sampled in cafeterias and restaurants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doménech, E; Amorós, J A; Escriche, I

    2011-09-01

    To gain more insight into the context of food safety management by public administrations, food safety objectives must be studied. The Valencian administration quantified the prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in cafeterias and restaurants in this region of Spain between 2002 and 2010. The results obtained from this survey are presented here for 2,262 samples of fish, salad, egg, cold meat, and mayonnaise dishes. Microbiological criteria defined for L. monocytogenes were used to differentiate acceptable and unacceptable samples; more than 99.9% of the samples were acceptable. These findings indicate that established food safety objectives are achievable, consumer health at the time of consumption can be safeguarded, and food safety management systems such as hazard analysis critical control point plans or good manufacturing practices implemented in food establishments are effective. Monitoring of foods and food safety is an important task that must continue to reduce the current L. monocytogenes prevalence of 0.1% in restaurant or cafeteria dishes, which could adversely affect consumer health.

  16. Effect of Argyreia speciosa root extract on cafeteria diet-induced obesity in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiv Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives : To evaluate the antiobesity effects of the ethanolic extract of Argyreia speciosa roots in rats fed with a cafeteria diet (CD. Materials and Methods : Obesity was induced in albino rats by feeding them a CD daily for 42 days, in addition to a normal diet. Body weight and food intake was measured initially and then every week thereafter. On day 42, the serum biochemical parameters were estimated and the animals were sacrificed with an overdose of ether. The, liver and parametrial adipose tissues were removed and weighed immediately. The liver triglyceride content was estimated. The influence of the extract on the pancreatic lipase activity was also determined by measuring the rate of release of oleic acid from triolein. Results : The body weight at two-to-six weeks and the final parametrial adipose tissue weights were significantly lowered (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively in rats fed with the CD with Argyreia speciosa extract 500 mg/kg/day as compared to the CD alone. The extract also significantly reduced (P < 0.01 the serum contents of leptin, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL, and triglycerides, which were elevated in rats fed with CD alone. In addition, the extract inhibited the induction of fatty liver with the accumulation of hepatic triglycerides. The extract also showed inhibition of pancreatic lipase activity by using triolein as a substrate. Conclusions : The ethanolic extract of Argyreia speciosa roots produces inhibitory effects on cafeteria diet-induced obesity in rats.

  17. The Relationship between Nutrition Knowledge and School Cafeteria Purchases of Seventh Grade Students in a Rural Indiana School District

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pucciarelli, Deanna; McNeany, Terry; Friesen, Carol

    2013-01-01

    Purpose/Objective: School cafeterias have the potential to positively contribute to the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity. The purpose of this project was to assess adolescents' nutrition knowledge and dietary choices, and to measure the relationship between students' nutrition knowledge and the type of food items purchased in their…

  18. Go Slow Whoa Meal Patterns: Cafeteria Staff and Teacher Perceptions of Effectiveness in "Winning with Wellness" Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slawson, Deborah L.; Southerland, Jodi; Lowe, Elizabeth F.; Dalton, William T.; Pfortmiller, Deborah T.; Schetzina, Karen

    2013-01-01

    Background: School-based interventions hold promise for child obesity prevention. Implemented as a part of the "Winning with Wellness" obesity prevention project, the "Go Slow Whoa" meal pattern (GSW) was designed to promote healthier foods in school cafeterias. This investigation determined perceived program effectiveness and…

  19. A nutrition labeling intervention in worksite cafeterias: an implementation evaluation across two large catering companies in the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vyth, Ellis L; Van Der Meer, Esther W C; Seidell, Jacob C; Steenhuis, Ingrid H M

    2012-06-01

    By both increasing the availability of healthy foods and labeling these products with the Choices logo, caterers may facilitate employees to make a healthier choice in their worksite cafeterias. The aim of this study was to explore which attributes influence the implementation of the Choices logo in worksite cafeterias in the Netherlands. Questionnaires were completed by catering managers of 316 cafeterias of two large caterers in the Netherlands (response rate 49.8%). Attributes from the Diffusion of Innovations Theory were used to investigate whether they could predict implementation. Compatibility (consistency with the beliefs of the catering manager; OR = 1.52), voluntariness (perception of the implementation as voluntary; OR = 0.50), result demonstrability (ability to communicate the implementation; OR = 1.52) and complexity in the sense of time (time needed for implementation; OR = 0.70) were the best predictors for the frequency of offering fresh Choices products (all significant). For the frequency of using Choices promotion material, voluntariness (OR = 0.54), result demonstrability (OR = 1.51) and relative advantage (perceived advantage of the implementation; OR = 1.44) were the best predictors (all significant). In conclusion, this study provides unique insights into which perceived attributes influence the implementation of a nutrition logo in worksite cafeterias. To increase the implementation, the Choices logo should be consistent with catering managers' ideas about healthy food, the workload of implementing the logo should be limited and it could be recommended to incorporate the logo in the health policy of the caterer.

  20. Influence of placement of a nutrition logo on cafeteria menu items on lunchtime food Choices at Dutch work sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vyth, Ellis L; Steenhuis, Ingrid H M; Heymans, Martijn W; Roodenburg, Annet J C; Brug, Johannes; Seidell, Jacob C

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of labeling foods with the Choices nutrition logo on influencing cafeteria menu selection and the behavioral determinants of menu choices in work site cafeterias in the Netherlands. A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted. Intervention cafeterias (n=13), where the Choices logo was used to promote healthier eating for a 3-week period, were compared with control cafeterias (n=12), which offered the same menu without the logo. Sales data were collected daily for 9 weeks, from March to May 2009. In addition, employees from one intervention and one control company completed an online questionnaire at baseline and after the intervention (n=368) in which the behavioral determinants of food choice (ie, attitude, self-efficacy, and intention) and logo use were measured. Generalized estimating equation analyses, χ² tests, t tests and linear regression analyses were performed. No nutritionally meaningful intervention effects were found in the sales of sandwiches, soups, snacks, fruit, and salads. Also, no significant differences in behavioral determinants were found. "Intention to eat healthier" and "paying attention to product information" were positively associated with self-reported consumption of foods with the Choices logo at lunch. The intervention did not have a significant effect on employees' lunchtime food choices. Labeling healthy choices might be useful for health-conscious employees in the volitional phase of behavior change. Further research should focus on the possible health benefits of menu reformulation in the catering sector.

  1. Project Refresh: Testing the Efficacy of a School-Based Classroom and Cafeteria Intervention in Elementary School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Hee-Jung; Grutzmacher, Stephanie; Munger, Ash L.

    2016-01-01

    Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a school-based nutrition program using a cafeteria environment intervention and classroom nutrition education on self-reported fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, self-efficacy to select FV, and preference for healthy foods. Methods: Using quasi-experimental pre-post design with 3…

  2. A Pricing Strategy To Promote Sales of Lower Fat Foods in High School Cafeterias: Acceptability and Sensitivity Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannan, Peter; French, Simone A.; Story, Mary; Fulkerson, Jayne A.

    2002-01-01

    Examined the purchase patterns of seven targeted foods under conditions in which prices of three high-fat foods were raised and prices of four low-fat foods were lowered in a high school cafeteria over 1 school year. Data collected on food sales and revenues supported the feasibility of a pricing strategy that offered low-fat foods at lower prices…

  3. Process evaluation of two environmental nutrition programmes and an educational nutrition programme conducted at supermarkets and worksite cafeterias in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.H.M. Steenhuis; P. van Assema (Patricia); A. Reubsaet; G.J. Kok (Gerjo)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractThis article describes the process evaluation of two environmental programs and a educational nutrition program, implemented at supermarkets and worksite cafeterias. Studies conducted earlier, indicated that the programs had no effect on consumers’ eating behavior. Consequently, the more

  4. Small Prizes Improve Food Selection in a School Cafeteria Without Increasing Waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudgens, Michelle E; Barnes, Allison S; Lockhart, Mary Kate; Ellsworth, Samantha C; Beckford, Monna; Siegel, Robert M

    2017-02-01

    We recently demonstrated that small prizes given for a "Power Plate" (plain fat-free milk, entrée, fruit and vegetable) can be used in an elementary school cafeteria to increase healthful food selection by over 300%. The purpose of this study was to measure changes in food waste when the Power Plate (PP) program is implemented. The PP intervention was conducted at an inner-city elementary school. Emoticons were placed next to the preferred foods and children were given a small prize if they selected the PP. Data were obtained by observation and cash register receipts. The trays of 111 students before the intervention and 96 after were examined for content and waste. PP selection increased from 2% to 73% ( P < .001). There was no significant change in waste. We conclude that small prizes as an incentive for better food selection does not lead to an increase food waste.

  5. An intervention study targeting energy and nutrient intake in worksite cafeterias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, Michael R; Tappe, Karyn A; Butryn, Meghan L; Annunziato, Rachel A; Coletta, Maria C; Ochner, Christopher N; Rolls, Barbara J

    2010-08-01

    Modifying the food environment is a promising strategy for promoting healthier eating behavior. This study aimed to evaluate nutritional and weight changes in a program that used worksite cafeterias to reduce employees' calorie content of purchased foods and improve their macronutrient intake. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: 1) only environmental change (i.e., the introduction of 10 new low-energy-density (ED) foods and provision of labels for all foods sold at lunch, which listed ED, calories, and macronutrient content) or 2) the environmental change plus pricing incentives for purchasing low-ED foods and education about low-ED eating delivered in four, 1-hour group sessions. Participant lunch choices were monitored electronically at the point of purchase for 3 months before the intervention was instituted (i.e., the baseline period) and for 3 months afterward (i.e., intervention period). Participants were adults (n=96, BMI=29.7+/-6.0 kg/m(2)) who regularly ate lunch at their workplace cafeteria. There was no difference between groups in total energy intake over the study period. Across groups, energy and percent of energy from fat decreased and percent of energy from carbohydrate increased from baseline to the intervention period (all p<.01). Follow-up analyses, conducted by averaging Baseline Months 1 and 2 and comparing them to Intervention Month 3 as a conservative estimate of overall impact of the intervention, indicated that change in energy, carbohydrate, and fat intake remained significant (p<.001). Providing nutrition labels and reducing the ED of selected foods was associated with improved dietary intake.

  6. [Frequency of use of school cafeterias in middle and high schools in 3 French districts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michaud, C; Feur, E; Gerbouin-Rérolle, P; Leynaud-Rouaud, C; Chateil, S; Gourdon, M

    2000-09-01

    Reports from the French Ministry of Education warn of a decrease in the use of school food services, especially in sensitive urban areas. They also suggest that this decline has led to cases of malnutrition. This article describes the characteristics of the current supply of school meals and measures the evolution of demand observed between 1992 and 1996 in relation to the economic situation of students' families. The study was carried out in 3 departments in France: Doubs, Herault, and Val de Marne. The administrators of all public and private middle and high schools in the 3 departments received a questionnaire asking them to describe the services offered in their cafeterias and to provide the corresponding statistical and accounting data. External food services near the schools were also taken into account. Seventy-nine percent of schools responded to the survey. Concerning the services offered, 91% of schools have their own cafeterias, of which 81% are managed by the schools. Concerning the evolution of utilisation, a significant decrease in the number of meals served in seen in middle schools. On the other hand, high schools have observed stable utilisation. The positive changes in utilisation are linked, in middle schools, to characteristics of the schools' internal food services (self-service, choice of main courses, modulation of seats). In high schools, positive changes in the utilisation of school services are linked to the lack of external food services near the schools. As middle schools and high schools control the logistics and management of food services offered to students, they are potentially in a position to influence a policy on this issue. The evolution in utilisation is very different among departments and between middle and high schools. While economic precariousness has a negative structural effect on utilisation, it doesn't seem to be a major factor in the evolution of the decrease observed over the past few years.

  7. Hypolipidemic and weight reducing activity of the ethanolic extract of Tamarindus indica fruit pulp in cafeteria diet- and sulpiride-induced obese rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaneeta Jindal

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To investigate the effect of ethanolic extract of fruit pulp of Tamarindus indica Linn. (Family: Caesalpiniaceae on obesity in rats using cafeteria diet-induced obesity and antipsychotic drug (sulpiride-induced obesity. Materials and Methods: Cafeteria diet was administered for 40 successive days to male Wistar rats and sulpiride (20 mg/kg, i.p. was administered for 28 successive days to female Wistar rats. In separate groups of animals, the ethanolic extract (50 and 100 mg/kg p.o. of Tamarindus indica fruit was administered along with cafeteria diet for 40 successive days to Wistar male rats and along with sulpiride for 28 successive days to Wistar female rats. Results: Cafeteria diet alone significantly increased body weight, serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, and glucose levels and decreased HDL cholesterol in male rats as compared to control. Sulpiride per se significantly increased the levels of glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol and there was no significant effect on HDL-cholesterol in female rats as compared to control. Ethanolic extract showed a significant decrease in body weight, serum cholesterol, and triglycerides and a significant increase in HDL-cholesterol in cafeteria diet- and sulpiride-induced obese rats as compared to their respective control groups. Conclusions: Thus, the ethanolic extract of Tamarindus indica fruit pulp showed a significant weight-reducing and hypolipidemic activity in cafeteria diet- and sulpiride-induced obese rats.

  8. Effects of the cafeteria diet on the salivary glands of trained and sedentary Wistar rats=Efeitos da dieta de cafeteria sobre as glândulas salivares de ratos Wistar sedentários e treinados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Lucy Molinari

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to study the effect of the aerobic physical training and the cafeteria diet introduced after weaning of Wistar rats and on the morphology of the main salivary glands (parotid, submandibular, sublingual. Male rats after weaning were subjected to the cafeteria diet or the standard rodent chow, and either performed aerobic physical training in a treadmill for 100 days, or did not performed any physical activity. Analyses were done considering the response in body weight, adipose tissues and salivary glands, and the data were submitted to statistical treatment (p O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar as características morfológicas das glândulas salivares (parótida, submandibular, sublingual apresentadas por ratos submetidos a treinamento físico aeróbio e dieta de cafeteria após o período de lactação. Ratos machos após a lactação consumiram dieta de cafeteria ou ração-padrão para roedores e realizaram treinamento físico aeróbio em esteira rolante por um período de 100 dias, ou não realizaram nenhuma atividade física. Foram feitas análises sobre a resposta do peso corporal, dos tecidos adiposos e das glândulas salivares e os dados submetidos a tratamento estatístico (p < 0,05. A análise morfológica e morfométrica das glândulas salivares foi realizada a partir de cortes histológicos corados com Hematoxilina e Eosina. Apesar do comportamento normofágico, os roedores alimentados com dieta de cafeteria apresentaram maior quantidade de gordura corporal, com repercussão sobre o peso da glândula parótida. A análise morfométrica das glândulas submandibulares indicou redução na proporção dos ácinos serosos como efeito da dieta de cafeteria e do treinamento físico. No entanto, excesso de gordura corporal, dieta de cafeteria e/ou treinamento físico não influenciou a organização histológica das glândulas salivares. Concluiu-se que as glândulas parótidas e submandibulares são mais

  9. Planning and development of the Better Bites program: a pricing manipulation strategy to improve healthy eating in a hospital cafeteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebert, Mina L; Patsch, Amy J; Smith, Jennifer Howard; Behrens, Timothy K; Charles, Tami; Bailey, Taryn R

    2013-07-01

    The Better Bites program, a hospital cafeteria nutrition intervention strategy, was developed by combining evidence-based practices with hospital-specific formative research, including key informant interviews, the Nutrition Environment Measures Study in Restaurants, hospital employee surveys, and nutrition services staff surveys. The primary program components are pricing manipulation and marketing to promote delicious, affordable, and healthy foods to hospital employees and other cafeteria patrons. The pricing manipulation component includes decreasing the price of the healthy items and increasing the price of the unhealthy items using a 35% price differential. Point-of-purchase marketing highlights taste, cost, and health benefits of the healthy items. The program aims to increase purchases of healthy foods and decrease purchases of unhealthy foods, while maintaining revenue neutrality. This article addresses the formative research, planning, and development that informed the Better Bites program.

  10. Effect of point-of-purchase calorie labeling on restaurant and cafeteria food choices: A review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    French Simone A

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Eating away from home has increased in prevalence among US adults and now comprises about 50% of food expenditures. Calorie labeling on chain restaurant menus is one specific policy that has been proposed to help consumers make better food choices at restaurants. The present review evaluates the available empirical literature on the effects of calorie information on food choices in restaurant and cafeteria settings. Methods Computer-assisted searches were conducted using the PUBMED database and the Google Scholar world wide web search engine to identify studies published in peer-review journals that evaluated calorie labeling of cafeteria or restaurant menu items. Studies that evaluated labeling only some menu items (e.g. low calorie foods only were excluded from the review since the influence of selective labeling may be different from that which may be expected from comprehensive labeling. Results Six studies were identified that met the selection criteria for this review. Results from five of these studies provide some evidence consistent with the hypothesis that calorie information may influence food choices in a cafeteria or restaurant setting. However, results from most of these studies suggest the effect may be weak or inconsistent. One study found no evidence of an effect of calorie labeling on food choices. Each of the studies had at least one major methodological shortcoming, pointing toward the need for better designed studies to more rigorously evaluate the influence of point-of-purchase calorie labeling on food choices. Conclusion More research is needed that meets minimum standards of methodological quality. Studies need to include behavioral outcomes such as food purchase and eating behaviors. Also, studies need to be implemented in realistic settings such as restaurants and cafeterias.

  11. A pricing strategy to promote sales of lower fat foods in high school cafeterias: acceptability and sensitivity analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannan, Peter; French, Simone A; Story, Mary; Fulkerson, Jayne A

    2002-01-01

    Prices of four low fat foods were reduced about 25% and prices of three high fat foods were increased about 10% to determine the impact on food purchases in a Midwestern suburban high school cafeteria to explore the impact of price on purchases. Low fat foods averaged about 13% of total sales. Sensitivity analysis was used to estimate that low fat foods would probably have averaged about 9% of total sales without the reduced price.

  12. Treadmill intervention attenuates the cafeteria diet-induced impairment of stress-coping strategies in young adult female rats

    OpenAIRE

    Cigarroa, Igor; Ferrer Lalanza, Jaume; Caimari, Antoni; Bas, Josep M. del; Capdevila Ortís, Lluís; Arola i Ferrer, Lluís; Escorihuela, Rosa Maria

    2016-01-01

    The current prevalence of diet-induced overweight and obesity in adolescents and adults is continuously growing. Although the detrimental biochemical and metabolic consequences of obesity are widely studied, its impact on stress-coping behavior and its interaction with specific exercise doses (in terms of intensity, duration and frequency) need further investigation. To this aim, we fed adolescent rats either an obesogenic diet (cafeteria diet, CAF) or standard chow (ST). Each group was subdi...

  13. Workers intake too much salt from dishes of eating out and food service cafeterias; direct chemical analysis of sodium content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hae-Ryun; Jeong, Gye-Ok; Lee, Seung-Lim; Kim, Jin-Young; Kang, Soon-Ah; Park, Kun-Young; Ryou, Hyun-Joo

    2009-01-01

    The average sodium intake of Koreans was reported to be 5,279.9 mg/day, which is one of the highest intake levels worldwide. The average Koreans intake 19.6% of sodium from kimchi, showing kimchi as the main contributor of sodium in this country (Ministry of Health and Welfare, 2005). The sodium content of dishes that are frequently chosen by workers, and which were served by foodservice cafeterias were chemically analyzed. The average sodium content of one meal provided by 10 foodservice cafeterias was 2,777.7 mg. Twenty-one, one-dish-meals, frequently chosen by workers for a lunch menu, were collected at 4 different restaurants for each menu by one male, aged in the twenties and analyzed chemically also. Workers who eat lunch at a workplace cafeteria everyday could intake about 8 g of salt at a one-time meal and those who eat out for a one-dish-meal would intake 3-8 g of salt without counting sodium content from the side dishes. From these study results, one could estimate that over 10 g of salt could be possible for a single meal for workers who eat out everyday. A nationwide nutrition campaign and education for low salt diets for restaurant owners and foodservice providers should be seriously considered.

  14. Effect of cafeteria diet history on cue-, pellet-priming-, and stress-induced reinstatement of food seeking in female rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Wei Chen

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Relapse to unhealthy eating habits is a major problem in human dietary treatment. The individuals most commonly seeking dietary treatment are overweight or obese women, yet the commonly used rat reinstatement model to study relapse to palatable food seeking during dieting primarily uses normal-weight male rats. To increase the clinical relevance of the relapse to palatable food seeking model, here we pre-expose female rats to a calorically-dense cafeteria diet in the home-cage to make them overweight prior to examining the effect of this diet history on cue-, pellet-priming- and footshock-induced reinstatement of food seeking. METHODS: Post-natal day 32 female Long-Evans rats had seven weeks of home-cage access to either chow only or daily or intermittent cafeteria diet alongside chow. Next, they were trained to self-administer normally preferred 45 mg food pellets accompanied by a tone-light cue. After extinction, all rats were tested for reinstatement induced by discrete cue, pellet-priming, and intermittent footshock under extinction conditions. RESULTS: Access to daily cafeteria diet and to a lesser degree access to intermittent cafeteria diet decreased food pellet self-administration compared to chow-only. Prior history of these cafeteria diets also reduced extinction responding, cue- and pellet-priming-induced reinstatement. In contrast, modest stress-induced reinstatement was only observed in rats with a history of daily cafeteria diet. CONCLUSION: A history of cafeteria diet does not increase the propensity for cue- and pellet-priming-induced relapse in the rat reinstatement model but does appear to make rats more susceptible to footshock stress-induced reinstatement.

  15. Marked increase in rat red blood cell membrane protein glycosylation by one-month treatment with a cafeteria diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliva, Laia; Baron, Cristian; Fernández-López, José-Antonio; Remesar, Xavier; Alemany, Marià

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives. Glucose, an aldose, spontaneously reacts with protein amino acids yielding glycosylated proteins. The compounds may reorganize to produce advanced glycosylation products, which regulatory importance is increasingly being recognized. Protein glycosylation is produced without the direct intervention of enzymes and results in the loss of function. Glycosylated plasma albumin, and glycosylated haemoglobin are currently used as index of mean plasma glucose levels, since higher glucose availability results in higher glycosylation rates. In this study we intended to detect the early changes in blood protein glycosylation elicited by an obesogenic diet. Experimental Design. Since albumin is in constant direct contact with plasma glucose, as are the red blood cell (RBC) membranes, we analyzed their degree or glycosylation in female and male rats, either fed a standard diet or subjected to a hyper-energetic self-selected cafeteria diet for 30 days. This model produces a small increase in basal glycaemia and a significant increase in body fat, leaving the animals in the initial stages of development of metabolic syndrome. We also measured the degree of glycosylation of hemoglobin, and the concentration of glucose in contact with this protein, that within the RBC. Glycosylation was measured by colorimetric estimation of the hydroxymethylfurfural liberated from glycosyl residues by incubation with oxalate. Results. Plasma glucose was higher in cafeteria diet and in male rats, both independent effects. However, there were no significant differences induced by sex or diet in either hemoglobin or plasma proteins. Purified RBC membranes showed a marked effect of diet: higher glycosylation in cafeteria rats, which was more marked in females (not in controls). In any case, the number of glycosyl residues per molecule were higher in hemoglobin than in plasma proteins (after correction for molecular weight). The detected levels of glucose in RBC were lower

  16. Marked increase in rat red blood cell membrane protein glycosylation by one-month treatment with a cafeteria diet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laia Oliva

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives. Glucose, an aldose, spontaneously reacts with protein amino acids yielding glycosylated proteins. The compounds may reorganize to produce advanced glycosylation products, which regulatory importance is increasingly being recognized. Protein glycosylation is produced without the direct intervention of enzymes and results in the loss of function. Glycosylated plasma albumin, and glycosylated haemoglobin are currently used as index of mean plasma glucose levels, since higher glucose availability results in higher glycosylation rates. In this study we intended to detect the early changes in blood protein glycosylation elicited by an obesogenic diet.Experimental Design. Since albumin is in constant direct contact with plasma glucose, as are the red blood cell (RBC membranes, we analyzed their degree or glycosylation in female and male rats, either fed a standard diet or subjected to a hyper-energetic self-selected cafeteria diet for 30 days. This model produces a small increase in basal glycaemia and a significant increase in body fat, leaving the animals in the initial stages of development of metabolic syndrome. We also measured the degree of glycosylation of hemoglobin, and the concentration of glucose in contact with this protein, that within the RBC. Glycosylation was measured by colorimetric estimation of the hydroxymethylfurfural liberated from glycosyl residues by incubation with oxalate.Results. Plasma glucose was higher in cafeteria diet and in male rats, both independent effects. However, there were no significant differences induced by sex or diet in either hemoglobin or plasma proteins. Purified RBC membranes showed a marked effect of diet: higher glycosylation in cafeteria rats, which was more marked in females (not in controls. In any case, the number of glycosyl residues per molecule were higher in hemoglobin than in plasma proteins (after correction for molecular weight. The detected levels of glucose in

  17. Elemental concentrations in kidney and liver of mice fed with cafeteria or standard diet determined by particle induced X-ray emission

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dimer Leffa, Daniela [Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Health Sciences Unit, University of Southern Santa Catarina, 88806-000 Criciúma, SC (Brazil); Iochims dos Santos, Carla Eliete; Debastiani, Rafaela; Amaral, Livio; Yoneama, Maria Lucia; Ferraz Dias, Johnny [Ion Implantation Laboratory, Physics Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre (Brazil); Moraes Andrade, Vanessa, E-mail: vmoraesdeandrade@yahoo.com.br [Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Health Sciences Unit, University of Southern Santa Catarina, 88806-000 Criciúma, SC (Brazil)

    2014-01-01

    The importance of trace elements in human health is well known and their main source is daily diet. Nowadays, one of the biggest issues is the presence of these micronutrients in levels much higher than required, leading to potential toxic effects. The aim of this work was to investigate the elemental content in organs of mice fed with cafeteria or standard diet using PIXE. Twelve male Swiss mice were divided into two groups: control group (standard chow) and cafeteria group (high-caloric diet). After 17 weeks, samples of different organs (kidney and liver) were collected and prepared for PIXE analysis. The Fe concentration in kidney and liver was statistically higher in animals that received the cafeteria diet (p < 0.001). The Al and Si kidney contents were significantly higher for cafeteria diet in relation to standard diet (p < 0.05). Moreover, the standard diet showed significant differences for Cl and K (p < 0.05) in comparison to cafeteria diet in kidney, and for P, S and Zn (p < 0.005) in liver.

  18. Reliability of the hospital nutrition environment scan for cafeterias, vending machines, and gift shops.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winston, Courtney P; Sallis, James F; Swartz, Michael D; Hoelscher, Deanna M; Peskin, Melissa F

    2013-08-01

    According to ecological models, the physical environment plays a major role in determining individual health behaviors. As such, researchers have started targeting the consumer nutrition environment of large-scale foodservice operations when implementing obesity-prevention programs. In 2010, the American Hospital Association released a call-to-action encouraging health care facilities to join in this movement and improve their facilities' consumer nutrition environments. The Hospital Nutrition Environment Scan (HNES) for Cafeterias, Vending Machines, and Gift Shops was developed in 2011, and the present study evaluated the inter-rater reliability of this instrument. Two trained raters visited 39 hospitals in southern California and completed the HNES. Percent agreement, kappa statistics, and intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated. Percent agreement between raters ranged from 74.4% to 100% and kappa statistics ranged from 0.458 to 1.0. The intraclass correlation coefficient for the overall nutrition composite scores was 0.961. Given these results, the HNES demonstrated acceptable reliability metrics and can now be disseminated to assess the current state of hospital consumer nutrition environments.

  19. Leptin signal transduction underlies the differential metabolic response of LEW and WKY rats to cafeteria diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Micaelo, N; González-Abuín, N; Ardévol, A; Pinent, M; Petretto, E; Behmoaras, J; Blay, M

    2016-01-01

    Although the effect of genetic background on obesity-related phenotypes is well established, the main objective of this study is to determine the phenotypic responses to cafeteria diet (CAF) of two genetically distinct inbred rat strains and give insight into the molecular mechanisms that might be underlying. Lewis (LEW) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were fed with either a standard or a CAF diet. The effects of the diet and the strain in the body weight gain, food intake, respiratory quotient, biochemical parameters in plasma as well as in the expression of genes that regulate leptin signalling were determined. Whereas CAF diet promoted weight gain in LEW and WKY rats, as consequence of increased energy intake, metabolic management of this energy surplus was significantly affected by genetic background. LEW and WKY showed a different metabolic profile, LEW rats showed hyperglycaemia, hypertriglyceridemia and high FFA levels, ketogenesis, high adiposity index and inflammation, but WKY did not. Leptin signalling, and specifically the LepRb-mediated regulation of STAT3 activation and Socs3 gene expression in the hypothalamus were inversely modulated by the CAF diet in LEW (upregulated) and WKY rats (downregulated). In the present study, we show evidence of gene-environment interactions in obesity exerted by differential phenotypic responses to CAF diet between LEW and WKY rats. Specifically, we found the leptin-signalling pathway as a divergent point between the strain-specific adaptations to diet.

  20. Palatable cafeteria diet ameliorates anxiety and depression-like symptoms following an adverse early environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maniam, Jayanthi; Morris, Margaret J

    2010-06-01

    Early trauma contributes to psychosocial disorders later in life. An adverse early environment induced by maternal separation (MS) is known to alter behavioural and stress responses in rats. Palatable food dampens stress responses. We investigated the influence of palatable cafeteria high-fat diet (HFD) on behavioural responses following MS or non-handling (NH), versus 15min brief separation. After littering, Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to short separation, S15 (15min), prolonged separation, S180 (180min) daily from postnatal days 2 to 14 or were non-handled. Pups were assigned to HFD or chow at weaning. We assessed depression and anxiety-like behaviour with sucrose preference test (SPT) and elevated plus maze (EPM) respectively, and measured hypothalamic CRH and hippocampal glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression. S180 rats showed increased anxiety-and depression-like behaviours, with increased plasma corticosterone, hypothalamic CRH, and reduced hippocampal GR expression versus S15 rats. Similar effects were observed across gender. These were normalized by provision of HFD, with greater beneficial effects in males. S15 showed no benefit of HFD. NH female rats had less adverse impacts; HFD had beneficial impact on behaviour in NH males. Thus behavioural deficits and gene expression changes induced by early life stress were ameliorated by HFD. These results highlight the important place of palatable food in reducing central stress responses supporting the therapeutic value of 'comfort food'.

  1. On Improving the Quality of Military College Cafeterias Run by Private Owners%部队高校食堂社会化水平探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张长文

    2012-01-01

    This paper suggests some measures to address cafeterias run by private owners in terms of cafeteria cost ment by private owners the problems with the transfer of military cafeterias into the control and some analysis of disa:dvantages of the manage-%高校食堂社会化已实施多年,针对部队高校食堂社会化改革过程中存在的问题,以成本控制为例,分析了影响保障水平的不利因素,提出了提高社会化经营水平的具体对策。

  2. Cafeteria diet-induced insulin resistance is not associated with decreased insulin signaling or AMPK activity and is alleviated by physical training in rats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Nina; De Bock, Katrien; Richter, Erik

    2010-01-01

    Excess energy intake via a palatable low-fat diet (cafeteria diet) is known to induce obesity and glucose intolerance in rats. However, the molecular mechanisms behind this adaptation are not known, and it is also not known whether exercise training can reverse it. Male Wistar rats were assigned...... to 12-wk intervention groups: chow-fed controls (CON), cafeteria diet (CAF), and cafeteria diet plus swimming exercise during the last 4 wk (CAF(TR)). CAF feeding led to increased body weight (16%, P ... was counteracted by training. In the perfused hindlimb, insulin-stimulated glucose transport in red gastrocnemius muscle was completely abolished in CAF and rescued by exercise training. Apart from a tendency toward an approximately 20% reduction in both basal and insulin-stimulated Akt Ser(473) phosphorylation (P...

  3. Performance of Layers Supplemented with Either Complete Feed or Diets in Cafeteria Feeding System Under Semi-scavenging Condition in a Tropical Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Das, Chamali; Roy, Bimol Chandra; Ranvig, Hans; Riise, Jens Christian; Iwamoto, Hisao; Tabata, Shoji

    2008-01-01

    1. Egg production ability and its economical aspect were compared among the hens kept under semi-scavenging condition on two feeding systems with four supplementary levels. Commercial balanced feed and cafeteria feeding diet were fed the hens at 40 g, 60 g, 80 g and 120 g/day respectively. Cafeteria feeding diet was composed of 70% mixed feed (40% broken rice, 20% rice polish and 10% wheat bran), 27% soybean meal and 3% oyster shell. 2. The mean feed residue was 4-8 g/day in the hens fed 40...

  4. Gamification of dietary decision-making in an elementary-school cafeteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Brooke A; Madden, Gregory J; Wengreen, Heidi J; Aguilar, Sheryl S; Desjardins, E Anne

    2014-01-01

    Despite the known health benefits of doing so, most US children do not consume enough fruits and vegetables (FV). School-based interventions can be effective in increasing FV consumption, but the most effective of these require that schools allocate their time, effort, and financial resources to implementing the program: expenditures that schools may be reluctant to provide in climates of academic accountability and economic austerity. The present demonstration project used a behaviorally based gamification approach to develop an intervention designed to increase FV consumption while minimizing material and labor costs to the school. During the intervention, the school (N = 180 students in grades K-8) played a cooperative game in which school-level goals were met by consuming higher-than-normal amounts of either fruit or vegetables (alternating-treatments experimental design). School-level consumption was quantified using a weight-based waste measure in the cafeteria. Over a period of 13 school days, fruit consumption increased by 66% and vegetable consumption by 44% above baseline levels. Use of an alternating-treatment time-series design with differential levels of FV consumption on days when fruit or vegetable was targeted for improvement supported the role of the intervention in these overall consumption increases. In post-intervention surveys, teachers rated the intervention as practical in the classroom and enjoyed by their students. Parent surveys revealed that children were more willing to try new FV at home and increased their consumption of FV following the intervention. These findings suggest that a behaviorally based gamification approach may prove practically useful in addressing concerns about poor dietary decision-making by children in schools.

  5. Gamification of dietary decision-making in an elementary-school cafeteria.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brooke A Jones

    Full Text Available Despite the known health benefits of doing so, most US children do not consume enough fruits and vegetables (FV. School-based interventions can be effective in increasing FV consumption, but the most effective of these require that schools allocate their time, effort, and financial resources to implementing the program: expenditures that schools may be reluctant to provide in climates of academic accountability and economic austerity. The present demonstration project used a behaviorally based gamification approach to develop an intervention designed to increase FV consumption while minimizing material and labor costs to the school. During the intervention, the school (N = 180 students in grades K-8 played a cooperative game in which school-level goals were met by consuming higher-than-normal amounts of either fruit or vegetables (alternating-treatments experimental design. School-level consumption was quantified using a weight-based waste measure in the cafeteria. Over a period of 13 school days, fruit consumption increased by 66% and vegetable consumption by 44% above baseline levels. Use of an alternating-treatment time-series design with differential levels of FV consumption on days when fruit or vegetable was targeted for improvement supported the role of the intervention in these overall consumption increases. In post-intervention surveys, teachers rated the intervention as practical in the classroom and enjoyed by their students. Parent surveys revealed that children were more willing to try new FV at home and increased their consumption of FV following the intervention. These findings suggest that a behaviorally based gamification approach may prove practically useful in addressing concerns about poor dietary decision-making by children in schools.

  6. Cafeteria diet-induced obesity causes oxidative damage in white adipose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Amy R; Wilkerson, Matthew D; Sampey, Brante P; Troester, Melissa A; Hayes, D Neil; Makowski, Liza

    2016-04-29

    Obesity continues to be one of the most prominent public health dilemmas in the world. The complex interaction among the varied causes of obesity makes it a particularly challenging problem to address. While typical high-fat purified diets successfully induce weight gain in rodents, we have described a more robust model of diet-induced obesity based on feeding rats a diet consisting of highly palatable, energy-dense human junk foods - the "cafeteria" diet (CAF, 45-53% kcal from fat). We previously reported that CAF-fed rats became hyperphagic, gained more weight, and developed more severe hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, and glucose intolerance compared to the lard-based 45% kcal from fat high fat diet-fed group. In addition, the CAF diet-fed group displayed a higher degree of inflammation in adipose and liver, mitochondrial dysfunction, and an increased concentration of lipid-derived, pro-inflammatory mediators. Building upon our previous findings, we aimed to determine mechanisms that underlie physiologic findings in the CAF diet. We investigated the effect of CAF diet-induced obesity on adipose tissue specifically using expression arrays and immunohistochemistry. Genomic evidence indicated the CAF diet induced alterations in the white adipose gene transcriptome, with notable suppression of glutathione-related genes and pathways involved in mitigating oxidative stress. Immunohistochemical analysis indicated a doubling in adipose lipid peroxidation marker 4-HNE levels compared to rats that remained lean on control standard chow diet. Our data indicates that the CAF diet drives an increase in oxidative damage in white adipose tissue that may affect tissue homeostasis. Oxidative stress drives activation of inflammatory kinases that can perturb insulin signaling leading to glucose intolerance and diabetes.

  7. Strategies for Reducing Energy Consumption in a Student Cafeteria in a Hot-Humid Climate: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Alhaji Mohammed

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Increasing attention is being given to energy consumption and potential for energy savings in public buildings in order to improve energy performance. Due to their size and functional requirements, public buildings especially cafeteria facilities tend to consume a significant amount of energy. Furthermore, due to their operational characteristics and construction pattern, unnecessary energy is likely to be used for maintaining acceptable indoor environmental quality. In this study, a student cafeteria at King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia, was selected for the assessment of its energy performance and potential energy conservation opportunities. Energy simulation software Visual DOE 4.1 was used to develop an energy performance model for assessing various energy conservation measures pertinent to the building envelope and HVAC system design. Data required for setting up the model were gathered through simple energy audits. The architectural and mechanical drawings and the history of electrical consumption were collected. Various energy conservation strategies were then implemented including standards, single and combined energy conservation measures. These measures resulted in a combined design saving of 27.4%, the HVAC system saving 10.6%, implementation of standards saving about 16.7%, lighting 6.6%, equipment 2.6%, insulation 2.5% and glazing 1.4%. Based on these results, it is apparent that there is a significant potential for improving energy performance and justification to employ the suggested measures for achieving substantial energy savings and minimize energy consumption.

  8. Middle School Cafeteria Food Choice and Waste Prior to Implementation of Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act Changes in the National School Lunch Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connors, Priscilla; Bednar, Carolyn

    2015-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The study objective was to document choices of entrées, vegetables, fruits, grains/breads, and beverages on lunch trays and to determine the amount of each that was discarded after mealtime. Methods: A convenience sample of two urban middle school cafeterias in Texas participated in the study which took place in the 2010-2011…

  9. Effects of the cafeteria diet on the salivary glands of trained and sedentary Wistar rats - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v34i1.7473

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Raquel Marçal Natali

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to study the effect of the aerobic physical training and the cafeteria diet introduced after weaning of Wistar rats and on the morphology of the main salivary glands (parotid, submandibular, sublingual. Male rats after weaning were subjected to the cafeteria diet or the standard rodent chow, and either performed aerobic physical training in a treadmill for 100 days, or did not performed any physical activity. Analyses were done considering the response in body weight, adipose tissues and salivary glands, and the data were submitted to statistical treatment (p < 0.05. The morphological and morphometric analyses of the salivary glands were performed through histological sections stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Despite the normophagic behavior, the rodents fed with the cafeteria diet became obese, with repercussions on parotid gland weight. However, this obesity and/or physical training did not influence the histological organization of the salivary glands. The morphometric analysis of the submandibular glands pointed out a reduction in the levels of serous acinar cells as an effect of the diet and physical training. In conclusion, the parotid and the submandibular glands alter themselves due to the nature and consistency of food present in the cafeteria diet as well as due to the aerobic physical training.

  10. Impact of a cafeteria diet and daily physical training on the rat serum metabolome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suárez-García, Susana; del Bas, Josep M.; Caimari, Antoni; Escorihuela, Rosa M.; Arola, Lluís; Suárez, Manuel

    2017-01-01

    Regular physical activity and healthy dietary patterns are commonly recommended for the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is diagnosed at an alarmingly increasing rate, especially among adolescents. Nevertheless, little is known regarding the relevance of physical exercise on the modulation of the metabolome in healthy people and those with MetS. We have previously shown that treadmill exercise ameliorated different symptoms of MetS. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a MetS-inducing diet and different intensities of aerobic training on the overall serum metabolome of adolescent rats. For 8 weeks, young rats were fed either standard chow (ST) or cafeteria diet (CAF) and were subjected to a daily program of training on a treadmill at different speeds. Non-targeted metabolomics was used to identify changes in circulating metabolites, and a combination of multivariate analysis techniques was implemented to achieve a holistic understanding of the metabolome. Among all the identified circulating metabolites influenced by CAF, lysophosphatidylcholines were the most represented family. Serum sphingolipids, bile acids, acylcarnitines, unsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E and A derivatives also changed significantly in CAF-fed rats. These findings suggest that an enduring systemic inflammatory state is induced by CAF. The impact of physical training on the metabolome was less striking than the impact of diet and mainly altered circulating bile acids and glycerophospholipids. Furthermore, the serum levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 were increased in CAF-fed rats, and C-reactive protein was decreased in trained groups. The leptin/adiponectin ratio, a useful marker of MetS, was increased in CAF groups, but decreased in proportion to training intensity. Multivariate analysis revealed that ST-fed animals were more susceptible to exercise-induced changes in metabolites than animals with MetS, in which moderate

  11. Chronic intake of a cafeteria diet and subsequent abstinence. Sex-specific effects on gene expression in the mesolimbic reward system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ong, Zhi Yi; Wanasuria, Ayumi F; Lin, Mark Z P; Hiscock, Jennifer; Muhlhausler, Beverly S

    2013-06-01

    Studies examining the impact of chronic palatable food intake on the mesolimbic reward system have been conducted almost exclusively in males. This study aimed to determine the effects of chronic intake of a palatable cafeteria diet and subsequent abstinence on fat mass, food intake and key gene expression of the mesolimbic reward system in both males and females. Albino Wistar rats were fed for 8 weeks on standard chow (Control, n=5 males, 5 females) or cafeteria diet (CD; n=16 males, 16 females). The cafeteria diet was then removed from a subset of CD rats for 72 h (CD-Withdrawal group, CD-W). The nucleus accumbens (NAc) was isolated and mRNA expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), dopamine active transporter (DAT), D1 and D2 dopamine receptors, and μ-opioid receptor determined by qRT-PCR. Chronic cafeteria diet intake increased fat mass in all CD rats but body weight and chow intake were reduced during the period of cafeteria diet abstinence. TH mRNA was reduced in male CD and CD-W rats, but increased in female CD and CD-W rats. D1 mRNA was reduced in CD and CD-W females, but increased in CD males, compared to Controls. μ-opioid receptor expression was reduced in CD and CD-W males but not females. These data highlight the importance of investigating sex differences in the neurobiological response to palatable food intake and the need for future studies in this area to include both sexes.

  12. Effects of long-term cycling between palatable cafeteria diet and regular chow on intake, eating patterns, and response to saccharin and sucrose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martire, Sarah I; Westbrook, R Fred; Morris, Margaret J

    2015-02-01

    When exposed to a diet containing foods that are rich in fat and sugar, rats eat to excess and gain weight. We examined the effects of alternating this diet with laboratory chow on intake of each type of diet, the eating elicited by a palatable food (biscuits), and the drinking elicited by sweet solutions that did (sucrose) or did not (saccharin) contain calories. Each week for 13 weeks, cycled rats were provided with the cafeteria diet for three successive days/nights and the chow diet for the remaining four days/nights, whereas other rats received continuous access to either the cafeteria or the chow diets. On each of the 13 weeks, cycled rats ate more across the first 24 hour exposure to the cafeteria diet than rats continuously fed this diet. In contrast, cycled rats ate less across the first 24 hour exposure to the chow diet than rats continuously fed this diet and ate less when presented a novel palatable biscuit than chow-fed rats. The three groups exhibited similar licks per cluster to saccharin, but cafeteria-fed and cycled rats showed fewer clusters than chow-fed rats. In contrast, chow-fed rats and cycled rats exhibited more licks per cluster to sucrose than cafeteria-fed rats, but all three groups had a similar number of clusters. The results were discussed in relation to the effects of diet cycling on eating patterns, body weight, and 'wanting' and 'liking'. These findings with rats may have important implications for yo-yo dieting in people.

  13. Laser photobiomodulation as an adjunct of the wound healing impairment of rats exposed to a cafeteria diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzeda, V.; Paraguassu, G. M.; Dos Santos, J. N.; Ramalho, M. J.; Rodriguez, T. T.; Ramalho, L. M. P.

    2014-02-01

    Obesity is associated to a delayed wound healing and prolonged inflammatory phase. Laser light has shown positive results in the photobiomodulation of tissue repair; however, its use associated with systemic disorders such as obesity is still little explored in the literature. The aim of this study was to validate an experimental system for studying weight gaining by consuming a high fat diet called "cafeteria diet" (CD) for the induction of obesity. Forty-eight rats were weaned, divided into two experimental groups: standard diet (SD) and Cafeteria Diet (CD). Free feeding was carried out during 20 weeks and the mass gaining was accompanied. After general anesthesia standardized surgical wounds were created (1cm2) in the dorsal midline region of each animal. Both groups (SD; CD) were divided into 2 subgroups of 12 animals, G1 and G3 (non-irradiated) and G2 and G4 (irradiated). The irradiation protocols (λ660 nm, 40 mW, CW; 24 J/cm2) started immediately after surgery and were repeated every other day during 14 days. The rats were killed at the 8th or 15th days after surgery. The abdominal fat was removed and weighed to verify the success of the induction technique. The specimens were taken and routinely processed histology (hematoxylin/eosin) was performed. It was concluded that the ingestion of fast-food increased abdominal fat in rats and modified the inflammatory pattern of the healing. Laser phototherapy in the parameters employed decreased inflammatory intensity quickening wound healing in obese rats.

  14. Influence of high-calorie (cafeteria) diets on the population of Paneth cells in the small intestine of the rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becerril, Adriana; Castillo-Robles, Guadalupe; González-Hernández, Margarita; Villanueva, Iván

    2005-01-01

    A high-calorie (cafeteria) diet is known to cause changes in the intestinal morphology and functioning that seem to be related to calorie overfeeding. Among the cell lineages found in the small intestine epithelium, the Paneth cell (PC) population is known to be influenced by factors related mainly to the intestinal microbiota. The role of PCs in the intestinal cell concert remains unclear, because experimental evidence suggests PC involvement in local processes other than protection against pathogens. Participation of PC in digestive mechanisms has been proposed on this basis. We have analyzed the effect of high-carbohydrate (HC) and high-fat (HF) cafeteria diets on the PC population in the small intestine of the adult rat. For 8 weeks, both HC and HF diets caused a gain in body weight, but whereas the HC-fed rats showed reduced counts of intestinal crypts per 5-mum section, the HF-fed group showed the opposite. In control rats, the number of crypts per section showed a slight tendency to decrease along the duodenum - ileum axis, whereas the number of PCs per crypt was increased towards the ileum. As a result, the number of PCs per section (calculated from these data) remained constant along the three segments of the intestine. The hypercaloric diets did not modify the general tendencies seen in the crypt and PC counts, but reduced the number of PCs per section in the duodenum by 50%. HC-fed, but not HF-fed, rats showed a similar reduction in jejunum also. These changes do not correlate particularly with any of the predictable effects of diet composition, so that a multifactorial control of PC density is proposed.

  15. Behavioral characterization of a model of differential susceptibility to obesity induced by standard and personalized cafeteria diet feeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gac, L; Kanaly, V; Ramirez, V; Teske, J A; Pinto, M P; Perez-Leighton, C E

    2015-12-01

    Despite the increase in obesity prevalence over the last decades, humans show large inter-individual variability for susceptibility to diet-induced obesity. Understanding the biological basis of this susceptibility could identify new therapeutic alternatives against obesity. We characterized behavioral changes associated with propensity to obesity induced by cafeteria (CAF) diet consumption in mice. We show that Balb/c mice fed a CAF diet display a large inter-individual variability in susceptibility to diet-induced obesity, such that based on changes in adiposity we can classify mice as obesity prone (OP) or obesity resistant (OR). Both OP and OR were hyperphagic relative to control-fed mice but caloric intake was similar between OP and OR mice. In contrast, OR had a larger increase in locomotor activity following CAF diet compared to OP mice. Obesity resistant and prone mice showed similar intake of sweet snacks, but OR ate more savory snacks than OP mice. Two bottle sucrose preference tests showed that OP decreased their sucrose preference compared to OR mice after CAF diet feeding. Finally, to test the robustness of the OR phenotype in response to further increases in caloric intake, we fed OR mice with a personalized CAF (CAF-P) diet based on individual snack preferences. When fed a CAF-P diet, OR increased their calorie intake compared to OP mice fed the standard CAF diet, but did not reach adiposity levels observed in OP mice. Together, our data show the contribution of hedonic intake, individual snack preference and physical activity to individual susceptibility to obesity in Balb/c mice fed a standard and personalized cafeteria-style diet.

  16. Nourishing change. Partnership enlists dozens of hospitals to put healthier food on their menus and kick junk food out of the cafeteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jaimy

    2012-10-08

    More than 150 hospitals have signed on to the Partnership for a Healthier America's push to ditch the deep-fat fryer in their cafeterias and bulk up on fruit and veggies. "Our focus is to ensure that if people want to make a healthy choice, they can," says Larry Soler, left, president and CEO of the partnership, which is working to reduce childhood obesity.

  17. Independent Accounting and Balance of Payments of Hospital Cafeteria%浅谈医院食堂独立核算与收支平衡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤有为; 杨艳; 高晓丽

    2013-01-01

    With the deepening of reform of the health care system, the cost consciousness is growing in hospitals. It is of greater importance for hospitals to establish complete financial and management systems to achieve balance of payments and reduce cost pressure. The cafeteria is a unique part of hospital. Due to lack of complete financial management systems, most cafeterias are losing money. It is proposed that independent accounting should be introduced, in order to strengthen the financial management and gradually achieve balance of payments of hospital cafeteria and facilitate the dinning of hospital staffs.%随着医疗卫生体制改革的深入,医院的成本意识逐步增强,为缓解医院的成本压力,建立完善的财务和管理制度实现医院收支平衡越来越受到医院的重视。医院食堂是医院的一个特殊部门,由于缺乏完善的财务管理制度,医院食堂多出现亏损,文章提出应通过独立核算,加强财务管理,逐步实现医院食堂的收支平衡,保证医院职工就餐方便。

  18. On Space Design of Western-style Cafeteria%西式餐厅的空间设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗维安

    2012-01-01

      社会发展的今天,餐饮已经成为人们追求物质与精神享受的重要体现,因此餐饮业的发展也呈日新月异之态。西方餐饮文化的迅速传播,不仅为中国的餐饮业注入了新的元素,而且迎合了人们的餐饮消费观念;西方餐饮文化的融入刺激了中国餐厅展示空间设计的革新。以西式餐厅为基点,探讨了西式餐厅的空间设计内涵。%  Abstact: Nowadays, catering has become a very important manifestation of people’s pursuit of material and spiritual enjoyment. Meanwhile, catering is undergoing renovation day by day. One of the renovations is that western catering culture has been disseminating widely across China, which has not only added new elements to the traditional Chinese catering culture, but also catered for people’s dining concept. The integration of the western catering culture has stimulated the renovation of the displaying space decoration. This essay analyzes the internal factors regarding the design of the displaying space in western-style cafeteria.

  19. Identification of a nutrient-sensing transcriptional network in monocytes by using inbred rat models on a cafeteria diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Micaelo, Neus; González-Abuín, Noemi; Terra, Ximena; Ardévol, Ana; Pinent, Montserrat; Petretto, Enrico; Behmoaras, Jacques; Blay, Mayte

    2016-10-01

    Obesity has reached pandemic levels worldwide. The current models of diet-induced obesity in rodents use predominantly high-fat based diets that do not take into account the consumption of variety of highly palatable, energy-dense foods that are prevalent in Western society. We and others have shown that the cafeteria (CAF) diet is a robust and reproducible model of human metabolic syndrome with tissue inflammation in the rat. We have previously shown that inbred rat strains such as Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and Lewis (LEW) show different susceptibilities to CAF diets with distinct metabolic and morphometric profiles. Here, we show a difference in plasma MCP-1 levels and investigate the effect of the CAF diet on peripheral blood monocyte transcriptome, as powerful stress-sensing immune cells, in WKY and LEW rats. We found that 75.5% of the differentially expressed transcripts under the CAF diet were upregulated in WKY rats and were functionally related to the activation of the immune response. Using a gene co-expression network constructed from the genes differentially expressed between CAF diet-fed LEW and WKY rats, we identified acyl-CoA synthetase short-chain family member 2 (Acss2) as a hub gene for a nutrient-sensing cluster of transcripts in monocytes. The Acss2 genomic region is significantly enriched for previously established metabolism quantitative trait loci in the rat. Notably, monocyte expression levels of Acss2 significantly correlated with plasma glucose, triglyceride, leptin and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) levels as well as morphometric measurements such as body weight and the total fat following feeding with the CAF diet in the rat. These results show the importance of the genetic background in nutritional genomics and identify inbred rat strains as potential models for CAF-diet-induced obesity.

  20. Cafeteria diet and probiotic therapy: cross talk among memory, neuroplasticity, serotonin receptors and gut microbiota in the rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beilharz, J E; Kaakoush, N O; Maniam, J; Morris, M J

    2017-03-14

    The western diet is known to have detrimental effects on cognition and the gut microbiota, but few studies have investigated how these may be related. Here, we examined whether a probiotic could prevent diet-induced memory deficits. Rats were pre-exposed to vehicle, low or high doses of VSL#3 for 2 weeks before half were switched from chow to a cafeteria diet (Caf) for 25 days; VSL#3 treatment continued until death. High-dose VSL#3 prevented the diet-induced memory deficits on the hippocampal-dependent place task, but the probiotic caused deficits on the perirhinal-dependent object task, irrespective of diet or dose. No differences were observed in anxiety-like behaviour on the elevated plus maze. Gut microbial diversity was dramatically decreased by Caf diet and here, VSL#3 was able to increase the abundance of some taxa contained in the probiotic such as Streptococcus and Lactobacillus and also other taxa including Butyrivibrio, which were decreased by the Caf diet. This affected the predicted profile of microbial metabolic pathways related to antioxidant and bile biosynthesis, and fat and carbohydrate metabolism. In the hippocampus, the Caf diet increased the expression of many genes related to neuroplasticity and serotonin receptor (5HT) 1A, which was normalised in Caf-High rats. Distance-based linear modelling showed that these genes were the best predictors of place memory, and related to microbiota principal component (PC) 1. Neuroplasticity genes in the perirhinal cortex were also affected and related to PC1 but object memory performance was correlated with perirhinal 5HT2C expression and microbiota PC3. These results show that probiotics can be beneficial in situations of gut dysbiosis where memory deficits are evident but may be detrimental in healthy subjects.Molecular Psychiatry advance online publication, 14 March 2017; doi:10.1038/mp.2017.38.

  1. Identification of a nutrient-sensing transcriptional network in monocytes by using inbred rat models on a cafeteria diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Micaelo, Neus; González-Abuín, Noemi; Terra, Ximena; Ardévol, Ana; Pinent, Montserrat; Petretto, Enrico; Blay, Mayte

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Obesity has reached pandemic levels worldwide. The current models of diet-induced obesity in rodents use predominantly high-fat based diets that do not take into account the consumption of variety of highly palatable, energy-dense foods that are prevalent in Western society. We and others have shown that the cafeteria (CAF) diet is a robust and reproducible model of human metabolic syndrome with tissue inflammation in the rat. We have previously shown that inbred rat strains such as Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and Lewis (LEW) show different susceptibilities to CAF diets with distinct metabolic and morphometric profiles. Here, we show a difference in plasma MCP-1 levels and investigate the effect of the CAF diet on peripheral blood monocyte transcriptome, as powerful stress-sensing immune cells, in WKY and LEW rats. We found that 75.5% of the differentially expressed transcripts under the CAF diet were upregulated in WKY rats and were functionally related to the activation of the immune response. Using a gene co-expression network constructed from the genes differentially expressed between CAF diet-fed LEW and WKY rats, we identified acyl-CoA synthetase short-chain family member 2 (Acss2) as a hub gene for a nutrient-sensing cluster of transcripts in monocytes. The Acss2 genomic region is significantly enriched for previously established metabolism quantitative trait loci in the rat. Notably, monocyte expression levels of Acss2 significantly correlated with plasma glucose, triglyceride, leptin and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) levels as well as morphometric measurements such as body weight and the total fat following feeding with the CAF diet in the rat. These results show the importance of the genetic background in nutritional genomics and identify inbred rat strains as potential models for CAF-diet-induced obesity. PMID:27483348

  2. Cafeteria diet induces obesity and insulin resistance associated with oxidative stress but not with inflammation: improvement by dietary supplementation with a melon superoxide dismutase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carillon, Julie; Romain, Cindy; Bardy, Guillaume; Fouret, Gilles; Feillet-Coudray, Christine; Gaillet, Sylvie; Lacan, Dominique; Cristol, Jean-Paul; Rouanet, Jean-Max

    2013-12-01

    Oxidative stress is involved in obesity. However, dietary antioxidants could prevent oxidative stress-induced damage. We have previously shown the preventive effects of a melon superoxide dismutase (SODB) on oxidative stress. However, the mechanism of action of SODB is still unknown. Here, we evaluated the effects of a 1-month curative supplementation with SODB on the liver of obese hamsters. Golden Syrian hamsters received either a standard diet or a cafeteria diet composed of high-fat, high-sugar, and high-salt supermarket products, for 15 weeks. This diet resulted in insulin resistance and in increased oxidative stress in the liver. However, inflammatory markers (IL-6, TNF-α, and NF-κB) were not enhanced and no liver steatosis was detected, although these are usually described in obesity-induced insulin resistance models. After the 1-month supplementation with SODB, body weight and insulin resistance induced by the cafeteria diet were reduced and hepatic oxidative stress was corrected. This could be due to the increased expression of the liver antioxidant defense proteins (manganese and copper/zinc superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase). Even though no inflammation was detected in the obese hamsters, inflammatory markers were decreased after SODB supplementation, probably through the reduction of oxidative stress. These findings suggest for the first time that SODB could exert its antioxidant properties by inducing the endogenous antioxidant defense. The mechanisms underlying this induction need to be further investigated.

  3. Treadmill Intervention Attenuates the Cafeteria Diet-Induced Impairment of Stress-Coping Strategies in Young Adult Female Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cigarroa, Igor; Lalanza, Jaume F.; Caimari, Antoni; del Bas, Josep M.; Capdevila, Lluís; Arola, Lluís; Escorihuela, Rosa M.

    2016-01-01

    The current prevalence of diet-induced overweight and obesity in adolescents and adults is continuously growing. Although the detrimental biochemical and metabolic consequences of obesity are widely studied, its impact on stress-coping behavior and its interaction with specific exercise doses (in terms of intensity, duration and frequency) need further investigation. To this aim, we fed adolescent rats either an obesogenic diet (cafeteria diet, CAF) or standard chow (ST). Each group was subdivided into four subgroups according to the type of treadmill intervention as follows: a sedentary group receiving no manipulation; a control group exposed to a stationary treadmill; a low-intensity treadmill group trained at 12 m/min; and a higher intensity treadmill group trained at 17 m/min. Both the diet and treadmill interventions started at weaning and lasted for 8 weeks. Subjects were tested for anxiety-like behavior in the open field test and for coping strategies in the two-way active avoidance paradigm at week 7 and were sacrificed at week 8 for biometric and metabolic characterization. CAF feeding increased the weight gain, relative retroperitoneal white adipose tissue (RWAT %), and plasma levels of glucose, insulin, triglycerides and leptin and decreased the insulin sensitivity. Treadmill intervention partially reversed the RWAT% and triglyceride alterations; at higher intensity, it decreased the leptin levels of CAF-fed animals. CAF feeding decreased the motor activity and impaired the performance in a two-way active avoidance assessment. Treadmill intervention reduced defecation in the shuttle box, suggesting diminished anxiety. CAF feeding combined with treadmill training at 17 m/min increased the time spent in the center of the open field and more importantly, partially reversed the two-way active avoidance deficit. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that at doses that decreased anxiety-like behavior, treadmill exercise partially improved the coping strategy

  4. Floor vibration test and analysis of a school cafeteria%某学校食堂楼板振动测试及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊振华

    2011-01-01

    This paper made vibration test according to a school boiler room heat exchanger operation induced the adjacent cafeteria frame structure each floor vibration situations,analyzed the vibration causes,and put forward the corresponding countermeasures,thus eliminated the vibration phenomenons,accumulated some experience for the future similar projects.%针对某学校锅炉房冷热交换器运行引起邻近食堂框架结构各层楼板振动的情况进行了振动测试,分析了振动原因,并提出了相应的对策,从而消除了结构振动现象,为今后同类工程积累了一定经验。

  5. The saponin-rich fraction of a Gymnema sylvestre R. Br. aqueous leaf extract reduces cafeteria and high-fat diet-induced obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Rama Manohar I; Latha, Pushpa B; Vijaya, Tartte; Rao, Dattatreya S

    2012-01-01

    We examined the antiobesity effect of a saponin-rich fraction of a Gymnema sylvestre R. Br. aqueous leaf extract (SGE) using cafeteria and high-fat diet-induced obese rats for a period of eight weeks. SGE was orally administered at a dose of 100 mg/kg body weight once a day to the treatment group. It significantly decreased the body weight, food consumption, visceral organs weight, and the levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins, very low-density lipoproteins, atherogenic index, glucose, and increased the levels of high-density lipoproteins. There was no significant difference with respect to all parameters of the study in case of normal (N) diet and N diet + SGE rats. In vitro, SGE inhibited the pancreatic lipase activity. The present study gave clear evidence that the SGE has a significant antiobese action, supporting its use in traditional medicine, and can be used as a substitute for synthetic drugs.

  6. Effects Of A Post-Weaning Cafeteria Diet In Young Rats: Metabolic Syndrome, Reduced Activity And Low Anxiety-Like Behaviour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalanza, Jaume F.; Caimari, Antoni; del Bas, Josep M.; Torregrosa, Daniel; Cigarroa, Igor; Pallàs, Mercè; Capdevila, Lluís; Arola, Lluís; Escorihuela, Rosa M.

    2014-01-01

    Among adolescents, overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome are rapidly increasing in recent years as a consequence of unhealthy palatable diets. Animal models of diet-induced obesity have been developed, but little is known about the behavioural patterns produced by the consumption of such diets. The aim of the present study was to determine the behavioural and biochemical effects of a cafeteria diet fed to juvenile male and female rats, as well as to evaluate the possible recovery from these effects by administering standard feeding during the last week of the study. Two groups of male and female rats were fed with either a standard chow diet (ST) or a cafeteria (CAF) diet from weaning and for 8 weeks. A third group of males (CAF withdrawal) was fed with the CAF diet for 7 weeks and the ST in the 8th week. Both males and females developed metabolic syndrome as a consequence of the CAF feeding, showing overweight, higher adiposity and liver weight, increased plasma levels of glucose, insulin and triglycerides, as well as insulin resistance, in comparison with their respective controls. The CAF diet reduced motor activity in all behavioural tests, enhanced exploration, reduced anxiety-like behaviour and increased social interaction; this last effect was more pronounced in females than in males. When compared to animals only fed with a CAF diet, CAF withdrawal increased anxiety in the open field, slightly decreased body weight, and completely recovered the liver weight, insulin sensitivity and the standard levels of glucose, insulin and triglycerides in plasma. In conclusion, a CAF diet fed to young animals for 8 weeks induced obesity and metabolic syndrome, and produced robust behavioural changes in young adult rats, whereas CAF withdrawal in the last week modestly increased anxiety, reversed the metabolic alterations and partially reduced overweight. PMID:24482678

  7. Inflamação renal, alterações metabólicas e oxidativas após 6 semanas de dieta de cafeteria em ratos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Eugênia Lopes Navarro

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Introdução: A obesidade é uma doença em que a inflamação está inteiramente envolvida e pode causar insuficiência renal. Objetivo: Avaliar a influência da exposição a curto prazo de uma dieta de cafeteria sobre a inflamação no tecido renal e a formação de produtos de glicação avançada (AGEs no plasma de rato. Métodos: Ratos Wistar machos (10 semanas de idade, pesando 350 g foram designados para receber dieta de ração comercial (C; n = 8 animais/grupo, 5% de energia a partir de gordura ou dieta de cafeteria (CAF-D, n = 8 animais/grupo: 29% de energia de gordura e de sacarose em água (300 g/L de beber durante 6 semanas. Resultados: Índice de adiposidade em seis semanas foi maior no grupo CAF-D em comparação com C. O mesmo comportamento foi observado para os níveis plasmáticos de glicose, triglicerídeos, leptina, insulina e AGEs. A expressão do gene de IL-6 e TNF-α em tecido renal foi maior no grupo D-CAF e nenhuma diferença significativa no tecido adiposo. Não houve aumento destas citocinas no plasma ou rim. Houve uma diminuição significativa de adiponectina no grupo CAF-D. Conclusão: A exposição a curto prazo da CAF-D reflete alterações no metabolismo, aumento dos níveis plasmáticos de AGEs, o que pode refletir o aumento expressão de citocinas inflamatórias no rim.

  8. Effects of a post-weaning cafeteria diet in young rats: metabolic syndrome, reduced activity and low anxiety-like behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalanza, Jaume F; Caimari, Antoni; del Bas, Josep M; Torregrosa, Daniel; Cigarroa, Igor; Pallàs, Mercè; Capdevila, Lluís; Arola, Lluís; Escorihuela, Rosa M

    2014-01-01

    Among adolescents, overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome are rapidly increasing in recent years as a consequence of unhealthy palatable diets. Animal models of diet-induced obesity have been developed, but little is known about the behavioural patterns produced by the consumption of such diets. The aim of the present study was to determine the behavioural and biochemical effects of a cafeteria diet fed to juvenile male and female rats, as well as to evaluate the possible recovery from these effects by administering standard feeding during the last week of the study. Two groups of male and female rats were fed with either a standard chow diet (ST) or a cafeteria (CAF) diet from weaning and for 8 weeks. A third group of males (CAF withdrawal) was fed with the CAF diet for 7 weeks and the ST in the 8th week. Both males and females developed metabolic syndrome as a consequence of the CAF feeding, showing overweight, higher adiposity and liver weight, increased plasma levels of glucose, insulin and triglycerides, as well as insulin resistance, in comparison with their respective controls. The CAF diet reduced motor activity in all behavioural tests, enhanced exploration, reduced anxiety-like behaviour and increased social interaction; this last effect was more pronounced in females than in males. When compared to animals only fed with a CAF diet, CAF withdrawal increased anxiety in the open field, slightly decreased body weight, and completely recovered the liver weight, insulin sensitivity and the standard levels of glucose, insulin and triglycerides in plasma. In conclusion, a CAF diet fed to young animals for 8 weeks induced obesity and metabolic syndrome, and produced robust behavioural changes in young adult rats, whereas CAF withdrawal in the last week modestly increased anxiety, reversed the metabolic alterations and partially reduced overweight.

  9. The cafeteria terrace

    CERN Multimedia

    1987-01-01

    The large terrace area outside Restaurant 1 at CERN is a hive of activity in the summer. Visitors and staff members meet here for breaks from work. Often the air is filled with discussion in many different accents and languages on topics from theoretical physics to the weekend's activities.

  10. Application of Cafeteria Total Rewards in the Incentive of Professional Managers In Ruraf Financial System%自助式整体薪酬在农信系统职业经理人激励中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栾凌雁; 陈锦新

    2012-01-01

    According to the problems in the incentive of professional managers in rural financial system as well as the characteristics of the professional managers themselves, the characteristics and advantages of cafeteria total rewards in the incentive of professional managers were studied, based on which the practical implementation and issues we should pay attention to of the cafeteria total rewards were brifely analyzed.%从现行农信系统职业经理人激励中存在的问题入手,结合职业经理人自身的特点,对自助式整体薪酬在职业经理人激励中的特点和优点进行了研究,在此基础上,对自助式整体薪酬的具体实施和应注意的问题进行了简要分析.

  11. 高校餐厅声环境质量分析及防治对策%Analysis and Control Measures of Sound Environment Quality About the University Cafeteria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王振艳

    2012-01-01

    The university cafeteria is the mainly frequent location of eating and conversation for teachers and students, therefore, it is essential to improve their physical and mental health by studying the sound quality of the university cafeteria. In the paper, Sound environment quality of university cafeteria is analyzed and evaluated by means of site monitoring. The results show that the average sound level is 76dB( A), which is not conformed with the national standard 60dB (A). By analyzing the effect of the interior decoration materials, type and number of sound sources, on the sound environment quality, the paper proposes some feasibility countermeasures of improving the sound environment quality of the cafeteria.%高校食堂是学校师生接触最频繁、最密切的环境之一,是师生们进餐和交流的主要场所,因此研究高校食堂的声环境品质对提高教师和学生的身心健康具有重要的意义。文章采用现场监测方法对学校食堂的声环境质量进行了评价分析,结果显示,机专食堂平均A声级为76分贝,超过了相应的声环境质量标准(60分贝)。通过分析讨论室内装修材料、声源类型和数量等指标对食堂声环境质量的影响,提出了改善学校食堂声环境质量的可行性对策措施。

  12. Oral Administration of Oleuropein and Its Semisynthetic Peracetylated Derivative Prevents Hepatic Steatosis, Hyperinsulinemia, and Weight Gain in Mice Fed with High Fat Cafeteria Diet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saverio Massimo Lepore

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The high consumption of olive tree products in the Mediterranean diet has been associated with a lower incidence of metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases. In particular, the protective effects of olive oil have been attributed to the presence of polyphenols such as oleuropein (Ole and its derivatives. We have synthesized a peracetylated derivative of Ole (Ac-Ole which has shown in vitro antioxidant and growth-inhibitory activity higher than the natural molecule. In this study, male C57BL/6JOlaHsd mice were fed with a standard (std, cafeteria (caf diet, and caf diet supplemented with Ole (0.037 mmol/kg/day and Ac-Ole (0.025 mmol/kg/day for 15 weeks. We observed a significant reduction in the caf diet-induced body weight gain and increase of abdominal adipose tissue. Also, Ole and Ac-Ole prevented the development of hepatic steatosis. Finally, Ole and Ac-Ole determined a lower increase of HDL and LDL-cholesterol levels and corrected caf diet-induced elevation of plasma glucose concentrations by improving insulin sensitivity. The observed beneficial properties of Ole and Ac-Ole make these compounds and in particular Ac-Ole promising candidates for a potential pharmaceutic use in metabolic disorders.

  13. 网上自助食堂订餐系统的建模%Modeling of the Online Cafeteria Reservation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐莉君

    2012-01-01

    通过统一建模语言UML,利用面向对象的系统分析思想对网上自助食堂订餐系统进行分析,并利用建模工具Rational Rose对系统建立需求模型、基本模型和辅助模型。通过对网上自助食堂订餐系统的分析与建模,阐述了UML在实际中的建模过程和方法,证明UML可以为软件人员减少工作量,为实际开发带来便利。%Based on the Unified Modeling Language (UML),an online cafeteria reservation system is analyzed using object-oriented analysis,and the demand models,basic models and auxiliary models of the system are built with the Rational Rose modeling tool.The practical modeling using UML shows that the UML can reduce the workload of software designers and facilitate development practice.

  14. Foodborne pathogens recovered from ready-to-eat foods from roadside cafeterias and retail outlets in Alice, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa: public health implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyenje, Mirriam E; Odjadjare, Collins E; Tanih, Nicoline F; Green, Ezekiel; Ndip, Roland N

    2012-08-01

    This study assessed the microbiological quality of various ready-to-eat foods sold in Alice, South Africa. Microbiological analysis was conducted on 252 samples which included vegetables, potatoes, rice, pies, beef and chicken stew. The isolates were identified using biochemical tests and the API 20E, API 20NE and API Listeria kits; results were analyzed using the one-way-ANOVA test. Bacterial growth was present in all the food types tested; high levels of total aerobic count were observed in vegetables, 6.8 ± 0.07 followed by rice, 6.7 ± 1.7 while pies had the lowest count (2.58 ± 0.24). Organisms isolated included: Listeria spp. (22%), Enterobacter spp. (18%), Aeromonas hydrophila (12%), Klebsiella oxytoca (8%), Proteus mirabilis (6.3%), Staphylococcus aureus (3.2%) and Pseudomonas luteola (2.4%). Interestingly, Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli were not isolated in any of the samples. There was a statistically significant difference (p cafeterias. The results indicated that most of the ready-to-eat food samples examined in this study did not meet bacteriological quality standards, therefore posing potential risks to consumers. This should draw the attention of the relevant authorities to ensure that hygienic standards are improved to curtain foodborne infections.

  15. ANTI-OBESITY PROPERTY OF HEXANE EXTRACT FROM THE LEAVES OF GYMNEMA SYLVESTRE IN HIGH FED CAFETERIA DIET INDUCED OBESITY RATS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaushik Manish

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The hexane extract of leaves of Gymnema sylvestre was evaluated for its anti-obesity activity in the simplified high fed cafeteria diet induced obesity in Sprague dawley rats. Group-I (normal control were fed on only basal diet without any treatment, Group-II (obesity control were induced obesity and only on basal diet without any treatment, Group-III and Group IV were induced obesity and treated with hexane fraction of Gymnema sylvestre (150 mg/kg and 250 mg/kg body weight respectively. Group V were induced obesity and treated with Atorvastatin as a standard drug. A significant (P>0.001 reduce in increased body weight, temperature due to obesity was observed after 45th day of treatment as compared to the normal and standard group. The extract also improved the cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL and HDL level. Blood samples were collected from retro-orbital plexus. Observed data was found statistically significant in reduction of extract-treated obesity rats. The effect of the extract was comparable to that of standard drug Atorvastatin (50mg/kg body weight.

  16. Reliability and accuracy of real-time visualization techniques for measuring school cafeteria tray waste: validating the quarter-waste method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanks, Andrew S; Wansink, Brian; Just, David R

    2014-03-01

    Measuring food waste is essential to determine the impact of school interventions on what children eat. There are multiple methods used for measuring food waste, yet it is unclear which method is most appropriate in large-scale interventions with restricted resources. This study examines which of three visual tray waste measurement methods is most reliable, accurate, and cost-effective compared with the gold standard of individually weighing leftovers. School cafeteria researchers used the following three visual methods to capture tray waste in addition to actual food waste weights for 197 lunch trays: the quarter-waste method, the half-waste method, and the photograph method. Inter-rater and inter-method reliability were highest for on-site visual methods (0.90 for the quarter-waste method and 0.83 for the half-waste method) and lowest for the photograph method (0.48). This low reliability is partially due to the inability of photographs to determine whether packaged items (such as milk or yogurt) are empty or full. In sum, the quarter-waste method was the most appropriate for calculating accurate amounts of tray waste, and the photograph method might be appropriate if researchers only wish to detect significant differences in waste or consumption of selected, unpackaged food.

  17. Combination of the sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor empagliflozin with orlistat or sibutramine further improves the body-weight reduction and glucose homeostasis of obese rats fed a cafeteria diet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vickers SP

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Steven P Vickers,1 Sharon C Cheetham,1 Katie R Headland,1 Keith Dickinson,1 Rolf Grempler,2 Eric Mayoux,2 Michael Mark,2 Thomas Klein2 1RenaSci, BioCity Nottingham, Nottingham, UK; 2Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach an der Riss, Germany Abstract: The present study assessed the potential of the sodium glucose-linked transporter (SGLT-2 inhibitor empagliflozin to decrease body weight when administered alone or in combination with the clinically effective weight-loss agents orlistat and sibutramine in obese rats fed a cafeteria diet. Female Wistar rats were exposed to a cafeteria diet to induce obesity. Empagliflozin was dosed once daily (10, 30, and 60 mg/kg for 28 days. Combination studies were subsequently performed using a submaximal empagliflozin dose (10 mg/kg with either sibutramine or orlistat. Body weight, food, and water intake were recorded daily. The effect of drug treatment on glucose tolerance, relevant plasma parameters, and carcass composition was determined. Empagliflozin dose-dependently reduced body weight, plasma leptin, and body fat though increased urinary glucose excretion. The combination of empagliflozin and orlistat significantly reduced body weight compared to animals treated with either drug alone, and significantly improved glucose tolerance, plasma insulin, and leptin compared to vehicle-treated controls. The effect of sibutramine to improve glycemic control in an oral glucose-tolerance test was also significantly increased, with empagliflozin and combination treatment leading to a reduction in carcass fat greater than that observed with either drug alone. These data demonstrate that empagliflozin reduces body weight in cafeteria-fed obese rats. In combination studies, empagliflozin further improved the body-weight or body-fat loss of animals in comparison to orlistat or sibutramine alone. Such studies may indicate improved strategies for the treatment of obese patients with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. Keywords

  18. Application of the Balanced Score Card in the Management of Cafeterias of College%浅谈平衡计分卡在高校食堂管理中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴伯

    2014-01-01

    The balanced score card is a kind of efficient instrument for the performance evaluation. More and more for-profit ventures use the balanced score cards to improve the management level of the ventures. With the economic development, the socialized reform of the university logistics gradually changes into operating. Cafeterias management changes into the enterprise model, but it still keeps the characteristic of service first. So, the non-financial indicator is particularly important. This paper introduces the balanced score card as the new way to evaluate the performance of the cafeterias management in college, establishes a comprehensive evaluation index system and analyzes the problems should pay attention to in the construction of the cafeterias management of college to ensure the profit targets on the basis of the high quality service.%平衡计分卡是绩效考核的一种有效工具,越来越多的营利性企业青睐于使用平衡计分卡提高企业管理水平。随着经济发展,高校后勤的社会化改革逐渐向经营性转变,食堂经营向企业模式转变,但依然保持服务性第一的特点,非财务指标显得尤为重要。文章引入平衡计分卡作为高校食堂绩效考核的新途径,建立综合评价指标体系,并分析在高校食堂管理中实施需要注意的问题,以达成高校食堂总愿景,即在保证优质服务的基础上完成营利目标。

  19. Foodborne Pathogens Recovered from Ready-to-Eat Foods from Roadside Cafeterias and Retail Outlets in Alice, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa: Public Health Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland N. Ndip

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This study assessed the microbiological quality of various ready-to-eat foods sold in Alice, South Africa. Microbiological analysis was conducted on 252 samples which included vegetables, potatoes, rice, pies, beef and chicken stew. The isolates were identified using biochemical tests and the API 20E, API 20NE and API Listeria kits; results were analyzed using the one-way-ANOVA test. Bacterial growth was present in all the food types tested; high levels of total aerobic count were observed in vegetables, 6.8 ± 0.07 followed by rice, 6.7 ± 1.7 while pies had the lowest count (2.58 ± 0.24. Organisms isolated included: Listeria spp. (22%, Enterobacter spp. (18%, Aeromonas hydrophila (12%, Klebsiella oxytoca (8%, Proteus mirabilis (6.3%, Staphylococcus aureus (3.2% and Pseudomonas luteola (2.4%. Interestingly, Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli were not isolated in any of the samples. There was a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05 in the prevalence of foodborne pathogens from hygienic and unhygienic cafeterias. The results indicated that most of the ready-to-eat food samples examined in this study did not meet bacteriological quality standards, therefore posing potential risks to consumers. This should draw the attention of the relevant authorities to ensure that hygienic standards are improved to curtain foodborne infections.

  20. Modern 'junk food' and minimally-processed 'natural food' cafeteria diets alter the response to sweet taste but do not impair flavor-nutrient learning in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palframan, Kristen M; Myers, Kevin P

    2016-04-01

    Animals learn to prefer and increase consumption of flavors paired with postingestive nutrient sensing. Analogous effects have been difficult to observe in human studies. One possibility is experience with the modern, processed diet impairs learning. Food processing manipulates flavor, texture, sweetness, and nutrition, obscuring ordinary correspondences between sensory cues and postingestive consequences. Over time, a diet of these processed 'junk' foods may impair flavor-nutrient learning. This 'flavor-confusion' hypothesis was tested by providing rats long-term exposure to cafeteria diets of unusual breadth (2 or 3 foods per day, 96 different foods over 3 months, plus ad libitum chow). One group was fed processed foods (PF) with added sugars/fats and manipulated flavors, to mimic the sensory-nutrient properties of the modern processed diet. Another group was fed only 'natural' foods (NF) meaning minimally-processed foods without manipulated flavors or added sugars/fats (e.g., fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains) ostensibly preserving the ordinary correspondence between flavors and nutrition. A CON group was fed chow only. In subsequent tests of flavor-nutrient learning, PF and NF rats consistently acquired strong preferences for novel nutrient-paired flavors and PF rats exhibited enhanced learned acceptance, contradicting the 'flavor-confusion' hypothesis. An unexpected finding was PF and NF diets both caused lasting reduction in ad lib sweet solution intake. Groups did not differ in reinforcing value of sugar in a progressive ratio task. In lick microstructure analysis the NF group paradoxically showed increased sucrose palatability relative to PF and CON, suggesting the diets have different effects on sweet taste evaluation.

  1. Bergamot polyphenol fraction prevents nonalcoholic fatty liver disease via stimulation of lipophagy in cafeteria diet-induced rat model of metabolic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parafati, Maddalena; Lascala, Antonella; Morittu, Valeria Maria; Trimboli, Francesca; Rizzuto, Antonia; Brunelli, Elvira; Coscarelli, Francesca; Costa, Nicola; Britti, Domenico; Ehrlich, James; Isidoro, Ciro; Mollace, Vincenzo; Janda, Elzbieta

    2015-09-01

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease in industrialized countries. Defective autophagy of lipid droplets (LDs) in hepatocytes, also known as lipophagy, has recently been identified as a possible pathophysiological mechanism of NAFLD. Experimental and epidemiological evidence suggests that dietary polyphenols may prevent NAFLD. To address this hypothesis and analyze the underlying mechanisms, we supplemented bergamot polyphenol fraction (BPF) to cafeteria (CAF) diet-fed rats, a good model for pediatric metabolic syndrome and NAFLD. BPF treatment (50 mg/kg/day supplemented with drinking water, 3 months) potently counteracted the pathogenic increase of serum triglycerides and had moderate effects on blood glucose and obesity in this animal model. Importantly, BPF strongly reduced hepatic steatosis as documented by a significant decrease in total lipid content (-41.3% ± 12% S.E.M.), ultrasound examination and histological analysis of liver sections. The morphometric analysis of oil-red stained sections confirmed a dramatic reduction in LDs parameters such as total LD area (48.5% ± 15% S.E.M.) in hepatocytes from CAF+BPF rats. BPF-treated livers showed increased levels of LC3 and Beclin 1 and reduction of SQSTM1/p62, suggesting autophagy stimulation. Consistent with BPF stimulation of lipophagy, higher levels of LC3II were found in the LD subcellular fractions of BPF-expose livers. This study demonstrates that the liver and its lipid metabolism are the main targets of bergamot flavonoids, supporting the concept that supplementation of BPF is an effective strategy to prevent NAFLD.

  2. Studies on the Optimal Supply Model of Two Student Cafeterias with Heterogeneous Rationality%不同理性两学生食堂最优供应模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    亓晓同; 胡军浩

    2014-01-01

    假设两学生食堂具有不同理性(即不同的自我认识),研究其利润、浪费与供应调整系数之间的关系。构造差分方程系统描述就餐人数变化规律,利用生产函数确定食堂的利润,建立不同理性下利润最大和浪费量最小的双目标优化模型。通过数值模拟确定不同理性下最优供应调整系数的取值区间,并对结果进行稳定性分析。%The relationship among the profits, the waste and the supply adjusting coefficient of two student cafete-rias with heterogeneous rationality ( that is, two student cafeterias have self-knowledge) was studied. The variation of the number of meals and the profits was described by difference equations and cost function, and then two-objective op-timization model with the maximizing profits and the minimizing waste was established. The optimal value interval of the supply adjustment coefficient under heterogeneous rationality was determined by numerical simulation. Finally, the stability of the result was analyzed.

  3. A cafeteria-rendszer továbbfejlesztésének lehetőségei – múlt, jelen és jövő (Evolution of Flexible Remuneration/Cafeteria Systems – Past, Present and Future)

    OpenAIRE

    Poór, József; László, Gyula; Beke, Jenő; Óhegyi, Katalin; Kolbe, Tamás

    2013-01-01

    A cikkben a szerzők először áttekintik a cafeteria-rendszer legfontosabb jellemzőit (célját, tipikus „stakeholdereit” és HR-stratégiai kérdéseit). Ezt követően megvizsgálják, milyen átalakuláson ment át a béren kívüli juttatások rendszere 1996-tól – az első ilyen rendszerek magyarországi megjelenésétől – napjainkig. Áttekintik azt is, milyen mozgatórugók idézték elő a főbb változásokat, és ezekhez a piaci szereplők hogyan alkalmazkodtak. Szintén vizsgálják a 2012-re vonatkozó legfőbb változás...

  4. 河南省部分农村寄宿制中小学校食堂卫生学评价%Cafeterias hygienic evaluation of rural boarding school of Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁利花; 吴翠平; 娄晓民; 彭玉林; 郭蔚蔚; 李岚

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate infrastructure and hygienic situation of rural boarding school cafeterias in Henan province and to explore corresponding solutions for improving the hygienic conditions. Methods Totally 60 boarding schools from each of the three type areas, which included economically developed counties, moderately developed counties and developing counties, were selected and cafeterias conditions of 180 boarding schools were evaluated and analyzed ,which included the facilities and equipment layout conditions, environmental hygiene conditions, food and raw materials procurement, storage and processing situations, employees in health status and cafeteria supervision and management etc. Results The fitting rate of separate functional partition, adequate non-slip on the ground and the "three defenses" facilities in operating rooms was 25. 4%, 20.3% and 19.2%, respectively. The qualified rate of tableware store, special washing facilities, the health permit asked in the procurement of food and raw materials obtained, foodand raw materials standard storage, the remaining food frozen was 37.3%, 44. 1%, 36.7% ,53.1% and 57.6%, respectively. The passing rates of employees health each indicators and several key indlcators of cafeteria supervision and management were above 80%. Conclusion Cafeteria equipments of rural boarding schools are inadequate and the arrangemont is not standard, the procurement, preservation and processing of food and raw materials are lack of standardized, and the supervision and management system put into effect invalidly.%目的 了解河南省农村寄宿制学校食堂的基础设施卫生及食品安全状况,探索存在的问题及相应的解决方案.方法 在经济较发达县、中等发达县及欠发达县各选取60所寄宿制学校,共计180所,对所选学校食堂设施布局及环境卫生,食品及原料采购、贮存及加工,从业人员卫生,食堂监督管理等进行卫生学评价.结果 食堂

  5. Food safety awareness and behaviors among school cafeteria workers in Henan%中小学食堂从业人员食品安全知识行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宏彬; 张昊; 杨汴生; 何健; 张合喜

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解豫北地区中小学校食堂从业人员的食品安全知识知晓情况和卫生行为现状,为规范学校食堂管理和提高服务质量提供依据.方法 分层随机抽取豫北地区61所中小学校食堂从业人员1 236名,进行现场问卷调查,并当场回收.结果 豫北地区中小学食堂从业人员的食品安全知识总体知晓率65.63%,城市学校为69.91%,明显高于农村学校的62.60%(P<0.01).能保持“不留长指甲、不涂指甲油”和“不用裸手拿取直接入口的食品”行为在城市和农村学校所占比例分别为98.82%,97.65%和95.18%,96.69%;“不将个人衣物及私人物品带入食品处理区”行为的比例较低,城市和农村分别为78.82%,73.83%.结论 中小学校食堂从业人员的食品安全知识和行为水平有待进一步提高,尤其应加强农村学校食堂从业人员食品卫生知识培训.%Objective To investigate food safety awareness and behaviours among school cafeteria staffs in Henan for the improvement of supervision and service quality.Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 236 school cafeteria staffs chosen through stratified and cluster randomization sampling in 61 elementary and junior schools.Results The awareness rate of food safety was 65.63%.The awareness rate among urban staff (69.91%) was significantly higher than that of rural areas (62.63%).Proportions of staff that kept fingernails short,unpolished,and clean and never touched any food by hands in urban and rural schools were 98.82%,97.65%,95.18% and 96.69%,respectively.However,the proportion of staff that never carried personal belongings into food processing areas were quite low both in urban and rural schools (78.82% and 73.83%).Conclusion The food safety awareness and related healthy behaviors among school cafeteria staff should be further improved.Meanwhile,the supervision system of school cafeteria should also be strengthened

  6. 高校食堂营养卫生管理措施研究%A STUDY ON THE NUTRITION AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT MEASURES IN THE UNIVERSITY CAF-ETERIA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧霞; 赵雁

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of the intervention measures on the dining room of the universi-ty,and to study the problems in the management of the college cafeteria and the corresponding management measures.Methods In 2013,the school dining room inspection before intervention,as the control group, while in 2014,they were as the observation group after intervention.Using the method of field test,the problems were recorded in the range of inspection,then the questionnaire was performed on the students for dining room hygiene and safety.Results Through administrative intervention in the observation group, the tableware link bacteria total qualified rate increased by 17.23%,the qualified rate of coliform group in-creased by 16.39%.Before and after the intervention,the satisfaction of students was obviously improve-ment for the school canteen meal.Conclusions After administrative intervention,the sampling of the col-lege cafeteria,the total qualified rate of bacteria,and coli group are improved.The satisfaction of students in the questionnaire for the quality of food hygiene and safety is high.%目的:评价对高校食堂进行干预措施后的效果,在管理高校食堂中遇到问题以及相应管理措施的研究。方法对学校食堂检查2013年1—12月是干预前,作为对照组;2014年1—12月是干预后,作为观察组,采用现场试验的方法,记录检查范围内出现的问题;对在校进餐师生进行食堂卫生安全的调查问卷。结果通过行政干预后观察组的检测食具环节细菌总数合格率升高了17.23%,大肠菌群合格率升高了16.39%;食堂干预前后,在校进餐的学校对食堂的满意度明显提高。结论对食堂进行行政性干预后,高校食堂在采样环节在细菌总数合格率以及大肠菌群均有所提高,学生在调查问卷中对食堂卫生安全满意度提高,说行政干预直接对提高高校食堂卫生安全和提升师生对食堂满意度很有效果,值得推广。

  7. Evaluation on Food Safety Risks in the Railway In-house Cafeterias in Jilin Province%吉林省铁路内部食堂食品安全风险评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锐

    2016-01-01

    Objective To analyze the food safety risks in the railway in-house cafeterias and provide guidance for better carrying out health supervision work. Methods The supervision condition of railway cafeterias in 2015 was counted and classified and summarized according to the catering service food safety supervision dynamic rating list. Results The issues of “facilities and equipment” and “purchase and storage” in the catering service food safety supervision dynamic rating list were the most, respectively accounted for 40.2% and 35.3% in the total number of issues, and the causes were no separate use of equipment, instrument and container according to classification, no difference identification, failing to meet require-ments of certificate and invoice and inspection record, no separate and classification storage of food according to the speci-fications, no regular maintenance and cleaning of equipment, inadequate self-management, limited macro-environment and incomplete supervision management legal provisions. Conclusion We should increase the responsibility awareness, imple-ment the responsibilities to individual, increase investment, guide staff to participate in the supervision and form the food safety mutual administration.%目的:分析管内铁路食堂的食品安全风险所在,为更好开展卫生监督工作提供指向。方法统计2015年铁路食堂监督情况并将问题按“餐饮服务食品安全监督动态等级评定表”分类汇总。结果在“餐饮服务食品安全监督动态等级评定表”中“设施设备”和“采购贮存”两项存在问题最多,分别占问题总数的40.2%和35.3%,主要是设备、工具和容器未按类别分开使用、无区分标识,索证索票、查验记录不符合要求,食品未按规定分开、分类贮存,设备未定期维护、保洁等。自身管理不到位、大环境所限及监督管理法律条款的不完善都是导致问题出现

  8. A escola promovendo hábitos alimentares saudáveis: uma proposta metodológica de capacitação para educadores e donos de cantina escolar Promotion of healthy eating habits by schools: a methodological proposal for training courses for educators and school cafeteria owners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bethsáida de Abreu Soares Schmitz

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O projeto A Escola Promovendo Hábitos Alimentares Saudáveis estimula, desde 2001 no Distrito Federal, Brasil, a formação de bons hábitos alimentares na comunidade escolar, no contexto da promoção de estilos de vida saudáveis e prevenção das doenças crônicas não- transmissíveis. Este trabalho apresenta e avalia uma metodologia desenvolvida em 2006, para capacitação de educadores do ensino infantil e fundamental até a 4ª série e donos de cantina escolar. As oficinas tiveram aulas expositivas, atividades práticas, jogos educativos, entre outros. Como indicadores de avaliação analisaram-se itens relacionados à ampliação e aplicabilidade dos conhecimentos, além da implantação dos 10 passos da cantina escolar saudável. As atividades pedagógicas propostas foram verificadas pela análise dos portfólios dos educadores. A avaliação geral foi positiva, houve ampliação dos conhecimentos (p The project entitled Promotion of Health Eating Habits by Schools, operating in the Federal District of Brazil since 2001, encourages good eating habits in the school community within the context of promoting healthy lifestyles and preventing chronic non-communicable diseases. The current article presents and analyzes a methodology to train preschool and elementary educators and school cafeteria owners. The workshops included theoretical classes, practical activities, and educational games and were evaluated on the basis of expansion and applicability of knowledge, in addition to implementation of the 10 steps to a healthy school cafeteria. The proposed pedagogical activities were verified by an analysis of the teachers' workshop folders. The overall evaluation was positive, with expansion of knowledge (p < 0.05 among participants for the three workshop modules. The objectives laid out in the workshop folders were reached by 44% of the teachers. In the implementation of the healthy cafeteria, positive results were observed when comparing

  9. Chronic administration of grape-seed polyphenols attenuates the development of hypertension and improves other cardiometabolic risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome in cafeteria diet-fed rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pons, Zara; Margalef, Maria; Bravo, Francisca I; Arola-Arnal, Anna; Muguerza, Begoña

    2017-01-01

    The effects of grape-seed polyphenols against the development of hypertension and other cardiometabolic conditions associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) were studied in rats fed a high-fat, high-carbohydrate diet, known as the cafeteria (CAF) diet. Two groups of Wistar rats were fed standard (STD) or CAF diets for 12 weeks. The CAF diet-fed rats were administered different doses of a low-molecular-weight grape-seed polyphenol extract (LM-GSPE) (25, 100 and 200 mg/kg per d) or vehicle daily, and the STD diet-fed rats were administered LM-GSPE (100 mg/kg per d) or vehicle using ten animals per group. Body weight (BW), waist perimeter (WP) and systolic and diastolic blood pressures (BP) by the tail-cuff method were recorded weekly. The animals were housed in metabolic chambers every 2 weeks to estimate daily food and liquid intakes and to collect faeces and urine samples. The plasma lipid profile was analysed at time 0 and on the 4th, 7th, 10th and 12th weeks of the experiment. Moreover, plasma leptin was measured at the end of the experiment. Results demonstrated that LM-GSPE, when administered with the CAF diet, attenuated the increase in BP, BW, WP and improved lipid metabolism in these animals. However, although the 25- and 100-mg/kg per d doses were sufficient to produce beneficial effects on BP and lipid metabolism, a 200-mg/kg per d dose was necessary to have an effect on BW and WP. The present findings suggest that LM-GSPE is a good candidate for a BP-lowering agent that can also ameliorate other conditions associated with the MetS.

  10. 2007-2011年宁德城区学校食堂餐具检测%Testing Results of School Cafeteria Tableware in Ningde City, 2007-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张朝晖

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the sterilization quality of tableware in school cafeteria, in order to ensure the health of students and provide basis for safety management of group meal. Methods Random samples of school tableware which were provided for students to use were selected. As for testing method, rapid - testing papers were used to detect coliform group, according to the Ministry of Health's " Hygiene standard for disinfection of dinner and drinking set ". Results From 2007 to 2011, altogether 1421 tableware sets were spot - chek-ced. The total passing rate was 78. 40% , which showed that annual passing rate is rising. No significant difference was identified among different types of tableware sets. Conclusion Strengthening education of tableware disinfection supervision, increasing consciousness and cultivation of disinfection norms of operation habits are the major factors to improve the health quality of the of tableware.%目的 了解学校食堂餐具消毒状况,为确保学生身体健康和集体用餐安全管理提供依据.方法 随机抽取学校提供学生使用的餐具,采用快速检测纸片检测大肠菌群,按照卫生部“餐(饮)具消毒卫生标准”规定的方法进行检测.结果 2007-2011年共抽检餐饮具1 421件,总合格率为78.40%,各年度合格率呈逐年上升趋势.不同学段餐具消毒合格率无显著性差异.不同餐具合格率无显著性差异.结论 加强学校餐具消毒监管力度,增强消毒意识和培养规范操作习惯是提高餐具消毒卫生质量的主要因素.

  11. 复合化高校食堂建筑设计初探——中南大学新校区食堂设计%Composite Architectural Design of University Dining Hall——Central South University,New Campus Cafeteria Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐靖

    2011-01-01

    以中南大学新校区食堂设计为例,针对当今高校食堂建筑趋向于多功能复合化这一特点,提出了相应的解决方式,希望可以为该类型建筑设计提供一些借鉴。%for today's college canteen building tend to be multi-functional composite,Take Central South University new campus cafeteria design for example,We put forward the corresponding solutions in this paper,hoping to provide some architectural designs for the type of reference.

  12. Quantificação e análise do custo da sobra limpa em unidades de alimentação e nutrição de uma empresa de grande porte Quantification and analysis of the cost of food wastage in the cafeterias of a large company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Cristina Cordeiro Soares

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO:O propósito deste estudo foi quantificar e avaliar o custo da sobra limpa em oito unidades de alimentação e nutrição de uma empresa siderúrgica de grande porte. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliadas oito unidades de alimentação e nutrição durante cinco meses. A quantificação da sobra limpa considerou as sobras e o número de refeições planejadas e servidas diariamente. As preparações foram divididas em grupos, sendo os custos obtidos a partir do valor médio dos alimentos adquiridos no mês. RESULTADOS: Cinquenta por cento das unidades de alimentação e nutrição não atingiram valores inferiores ou iguais a 30g, meta per capita de sobra limpa determinada pela empresa. Os per capitas totais de sobra limpa variaram entre 24g e 60g, equivalentes a 176kg-1.213kg de alimentos desperdiçados mensalmente. As saladas apresentaram as maiores porcentagens de desperdício na maioria das unidades. O custo mensal com as sobras atingiu de 2,2% a 3% do valor gasto mensalmente com alimentos, representando um custo elevado para a empresa (entre 80 a 108 salários-mínimos. Diante dos resultados obtidos, foram propostas medidas de intervenção, tais como planejamento e elaboração adequada das preparações, caracterização dos clientes e ações para educação nutricional. CONCLUSÃO: As unidades de alimentação e nutrição apresentaram considerável perda de alimentos com a sobra limpa. A implementação das intervenções propostas poderá minimizar essa perda. O valor gasto com esse desperdício poderia ser revertido em melhorias nos processos produtivos.OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to quantify and assess the cost of food wastage in eight cafeterias of a big steel mill. METHODS: Eight cafeterias were followed during five months. Quantification of food wastage was done considering the leftovers and the number of meals planned and served daily. For determining the cost, preparations were divided into groups, and the cost was

  13. Determinação de elementos minerais e traços por ativação neutrônica, em refeições servidas no restaurante da Faculdade de Saúde Pública/USP Determination of mineral and trace elements by neutron activation analysis, in meals served at the central cafeteria of Faculty of Public Health/USP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Déborah I.T. FÁVARO

    2000-08-01

    estes elementos nos dias estudados.The objective of this research was to check the nutritional adequacy of diets served to University students related to essential elements and also to monitor for some toxic elements. Within this framework, the aim was to determine the levels of these elements in meals served at the Cafeteria of the School of Public Health at USP used by students and workers along one week. The 5 meals served along the week at the Cafeteria were analyzed separately. Three trays per meal were used to collect the food according to a duplicate portion technique. The centesimal composition of the meals was determined according to the methods suggested by AOAC. Neutron Activation Analysis was used and the concentration of the following elements was determined: Ba, Br, Ca, Ce, Cl, Co, Cr, Cs, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se and Zn. The calculated intake obtained in the present work was compared to the daily recommended values set by RDA, WHO and Reference Man. Regarding macronutrients, the protein and lipid levels were high in some cases. The fiber content of the meals was adequate. Concerning the mineral contents of Br, Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn, Rb, Se and Zn, the intake was adequate, but for the elements K, Mo, Na, Cl and Cr, the intake was too high concerning to recommendations. For the elements Ba, Co, Cs and Sb the daily intakes were compared to the values set by Reference Man. There are no recommendations for Ce and Sc elements. A great variability was also observed in the concentrations of these elements during the period of this study.

  14. RESTAURANT and CAFETERIA SERVICES: ARRANGEMENTS for MAY 1st, 2003

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    1. Restaurants As Thursday, May 1st, is an official CERN holiday, restaurants no. 2 (DSR : Bldg. 504 - Meyrin) and no. 3 (Avenance : Bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed as from Wednesday, April 30 at 18h00. They will reopen on Friday, May 2nd at 6h30 (rest. no. 2) and at 7h00 (rest. no. 3). On May 1st, a limited service will be provided by restaurant no. 1 (COOP : Bldg. 501 - Meyrin) from 8h00 to 21h00 with hot meals served from 11h30 to 14h00 and from 18h00 to 19h30. 2. Newspaper stand The newspaper kiosque run by restaurant no. 1 in building 501 will be closed. 3. Decentralised services No decentralised services (satellite cafétérias etc.) will operate on May 1st, but will resume their normal activites on Friday, May 2nd, except for those dependent on restaurant no. 3 (Prévessin site) which will not reopen until Monday, May 5, 2003.

  15. RESTAURANT AND CAFETERIA SERVICES ARRANGEMENTS FOR 1 MAY 2002

    CERN Multimedia

    Restaurant Supervisory Committee

    2002-01-01

    1. Restaurants As Wednesday 1 May is an official CERN holiday, restaurants no. 2 (DSR: bldg. 504 - Meyrin) and no. 3 (Avenance: bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed as from Tuesda 30 April at 18h00. They will reopen on Thursday 2 May at 6h30 (rest. no. 2) and at 7h00 (rest. no. 3). On 1 May, a limited service will be provided by restaurant no. 1 (COOP: bldg. 501 - Meyrin) from 8h00 to 21h00 with hot meals served from 11h30 to 14h00 and from 18h00 to 19h30. 2. Decentralised services No decentralised services (satellite cafétérias etc.) will operate. 3. Newspaper stand The newspaper kiosque in building 501 will be closed. Restaurant Supervisory Committee, tel. 77551

  16. RESTAURANT AND CAFETERIA SERVICES ARRANGEMENTS FOR MAY 1ST, 2001

    CERN Multimedia

    Restaurant Supervisory Committee

    2001-01-01

    1. Restaurants As Tuesday, May 1st, is an official CERN holiday, restaurants no 2 (DSR : Bldg. 504 - Meyrin) and no 3 (Avenance : Bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed as from Monday, April 30 at 18h00. They will reopen on Wednesday, May 2nd at 6h30 (rest. no 2) and at 7h00 (rest. no 3). On May 1st, a limited service will be provided by restaurant no. 1 (COOP : Bldg. 501 - Meyrin) from 8h00 to 21h00 with hot meals served from 11h30 to 14h00 and from 18h00 to 19h30. 2. Satellite cafétérias All satellite cafétérias will be closed on May 1st. They will all operate normally on Monday, April 30, except for buildings 17 (Meyrin), 865 and 892 (Prévessin) which will be closed. 3. Newspaper stand The newspaper kiosque in building 501 will be closed on May 1st.

  17. Cafeteria Staff Perceptions of the New USDA School Meal Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcaraz, Brenda; Cullen, Karen Weber

    2014-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The new nutrition standards for the school meal programs implemented in 2012 align the school meal patterns with the US Dietary Guidelines for Americans, including more fruit, vegetable and whole grain offerings and minimum and maximum amount of calories per meal averaged over a week. The purpose of this study was to assess…

  18. Connecting Classroom and Cafeteria in a School Wellness Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grenci, Alexandra; Hughes, Luanne J.; Savoca, LeeAnne

    2011-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 required all school districts participating in federally funded child nutrition programs to adopt and implement a school wellness policy by the beginning of the 2006-2007 school year. One drawback of this federal mandate was that it did not provide funding to assist with…

  19. [Bacteriologic quality of the prepared dishes in cafeterias].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mouffok, F; Lebres, E; Makhlouf, B

    1992-01-01

    In this work, we reports results of bacteriologic analysis of 352 cooked meals (vegetables, meats, desserts). Although, 32% of analysed samples are bacteriologically good, 68% are contamined either by S.P.C but potentially dangerous either by pathogenic bacteria involved in food-born infections.

  20. Development and Evaluation of the School Cafeteria Nutrition Assessment Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krukowski, Rebecca A.; Philyaw Perez, Amanda G.; Bursac, Zoran; Goodell, Melanie; Raczynski, James M.; Smith West, Delia; Phillips, Martha M.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Foods provided in schools represent a substantial portion of US children's dietary intake; however, the school food environment has proven difficult to describe due to the lack of comprehensive, standardized, and validated measures. Methods: As part of the Arkansas Act 1220 evaluation project, we developed the School Cafeteria…

  1. SMOKING / NON-SMOKING IN THE CERN RESTAURANTS AND CAFETERIAS

    CERN Multimedia

    Restaurant Supervisory Committee, tel. 77551

    2001-01-01

    As you may remember, all CERN buildings and cars are considered to be non-smoking areas with a few exceptions (Safety Instruction no. 46). The ban on smoking applies in particular to all public areas, such as restaurants and cafétérias. Smoking is therefore prohibited in all parts of the free-flow and the dining rooms. As for the cafétérias, they are divided into well-defined non-smoking and smoking areas, the latter being clearly indicated as such, i.e : Cafétéria of Restaurant no. 1 : at the back of the cafétéria (on the outside terrace side) opposite the Users' Office and the offices of the Staff Association; Cafétéria of Restaurant no. 2 : the full length of the cafétéria on the wineyard side, except for the room next to the entrance to the building, furnished with red arm-chairs; Cafétéria of Restaurant no. 3 : between the bar and the row of artificial ...

  2. That, That, but Not That... Using a Cafeteria Plan to Enhance Writing Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fields, Tina T.; Hatala, Jeffrey J.

    2014-01-01

    College students have difficulty in written communication, despite attempts by universities to place English courses in the "core curriculum." Although many companies indicate that writing is an expected competency, and many companies consider writing when they promote, students still enter the workforce with poor grammar skills. Clear…

  3. Serving vegetables first: A strategy to increase vegetable consumption in elementary school cafeterias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsbernd, S L; Reicks, M M; Mann, T L; Redden, J P; Mykerezi, E; Vickers, Z M

    2016-01-01

    Vegetable consumption in the United States is low despite the wealth of evidence that vegetables play an important role in reducing risk of various chronic diseases. Because eating patterns developed in childhood continue through adulthood, we need to form healthy eating habits in children. The objective of this study was to determine if offering vegetables before other meal components would increase the overall consumption of vegetables at school lunch. We served kindergarten through fifth-grade students a small portion (26-33 g) of a raw vegetable (red and yellow bell peppers) while they waited in line to receive the rest of their lunch meal. They then had the options to take more of the bell peppers, a different vegetable, or no vegetable from the lunch line. We measured the amount of each vegetable consumed by each child. Serving vegetables first greatly increased the number of students eating vegetables. On intervention days most of the vegetables consumed came from the vegetables-first portions. Total vegetable intake per student eating lunch was low because most students chose to not eat vegetables, but the intervention significantly increased this value. Serving vegetables first is a viable strategy to increase vegetable consumption in elementary schools. Long-term implementation of this strategy may have an important impact on healthy eating habits, vegetable consumption, and the health consequences of vegetable intake.

  4. Food for thought: obstacles to menu labelling in restaurants and cafeterias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Erica

    2016-08-01

    Menu labelling is recommended as a policy intervention to reduce obesity and diet-related disease. The present commentary considers the many challenges the restaurant industry faces in providing nutrition information on its menus. Barriers include lack of nutrition expertise, time, cost, availability of nutrition information for exotic ingredients, ability to provide accurate nutrition information, libel risk, customer dissatisfaction, limited space on the menu, menu variations, loss of flexibility in changing the menu, staff training and resistance of employees to change current practice. Health promotion specialists and academics involved in fieldwork must help restaurateurs find solutions to these barriers for menu labelling interventions to be widely implemented and successful. Practical support for small independent restaurants such as free or subsidised nutrition analysis, nutrition training for staff and menu design may also be necessary to encourage voluntary participation.

  5. Building Healthier Children through Family-Style Service in School Cafeterias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coborn, Jamie E.; Marquart, Len; Burgess-Champoux, Teri L.; Rosen, Renee A.

    2015-01-01

    Schools are recognized as ideal environments to promote and enhance the health of children. Previous research has shown a positive association exists between increased prevalence of family-style meals and children's health. Use of family-style service provides opportunities to improve children's overall health and well-being through increased…

  6. Simple interventions to improve healthy eating behaviors in the school cafeteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The National School Lunch Program in the United States provides an important opportunity to improve nutrition for the 30 million children who participate every school day. The purpose of this narrative review is to present and evaluate simple, evidence-based strategies to improve healthy eating behaviors at school. Healthy eating behaviors are defined as increased selection/consumption of fruits and/or vegetables, increased selection of nutrient-dense foods, or decreased selection of low-nutrient, energy-dense foods. Data were collected from sales records, 24-hour food recalls, direct observation, and estimation of plate waste. The review is limited to simple, discrete interventions that are easy to implement. Sixteen original, peer-reviewed articles are included. Interventions are divided into 5 categories: modification of choice, behavior modification, marketing strategies, time-efficiency strategies, and fruit slicing. All interventions resulted in improved eating behaviors, but not all interventions are applicable or feasible in all settings. Because these studies were performed prior to the implementation of the new federally mandated school meal standards, it is unknown if these interventions would yield similar results if repeated now. PMID:26874753

  7. Simple interventions to improve healthy eating behaviors in the school cafeteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kessler, Holly S

    2016-03-01

    The National School Lunch Program in the United States provides an important opportunity to improve nutrition for the 30 million children who participate every school day. The purpose of this narrative review is to present and evaluate simple, evidence-based strategies to improve healthy eating behaviors at school. Healthy eating behaviors are defined as increased selection/consumption of fruits and/or vegetables, increased selection of nutrient-dense foods, or decreased selection of low-nutrient, energy-dense foods. Data were collected from sales records, 24-hour food recalls, direct observation, and estimation of plate waste. The review is limited to simple, discrete interventions that are easy to implement. Sixteen original, peer-reviewed articles are included. Interventions are divided into 5 categories: modification of choice, behavior modification, marketing strategies, time-efficiency strategies, and fruit slicing. All interventions resulted in improved eating behaviors, but not all interventions are applicable or feasible in all settings. Because these studies were performed prior to the implementation of the new federally mandated school meal standards, it is unknown if these interventions would yield similar results if repeated now.

  8. Influência do aroma sobre o comportamento do consumidor : um experimento em cafeterias

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    A influência dos estímulos sensoriais no comportamento do consumidor vem sendo discutida e pesquisada há mais de 50 anos. Porém, um grande salto foi dado nos últimos anos, com a intensificação das pesquisas em torno do marketing experiencial e ou sensorial. Com essa intensificação, ao final da década de 90, houve uma significativa exploração do estímulo olfativo. Esta pesquisa tem como propósito o enriquecimento deste tema, mediante a identificação da influência que o aroma ...

  9. The Cafeteria as Contact Zone: Developing a Multicultural Perspective through Multilingual and Multimodal Literacies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Courtney

    2013-01-01

    This article describes the inaugural year of a cross-cultural after-school program that used a problem-solving, project-based pedagogy to promote meaningful interactions between immigrant middle school students and their urban, low-income peers. The program relied on the students' local knowledge as they worked together to create social maps of…

  10. Validating the plate mapping method: Comparing drawn foods and actual foods of university students in a cafeteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, David E

    2016-05-01

    To examine effects of plate size on meals, I developed a method I label plate mapping. To validate plate mapping, a quasi-experimental between participants study was conducted that asked university students to accurately draw their lunch meal. Participants were randomized into groups where they were asked either pre-consumption or post-consumption to draw their lunch on either a 9″ or 11″ paper plate. Coding plate drawings for total meal size revealed that students drew bigger meals on larger plates and participant meal size drawings were more accurate when the plate provided was the same size as the meal plate used. Gender moderated meal size drawings, with women generally drawing meals that were more highly correlated and similarly sized to actual meals when compared to the drawings of men. Overall, the size of plate drawings was highly correlated with the size of actual foods, which provides support for the validity of the method of plate mapping. These findings suggest that plate mapping can be applied to estimate meal size and assess sensitivity to plate size. Gaining a better understanding of the mechanisms and processes that influence food consumption habits can help increase awareness of these cues for both academics as well as for consumers of food and benefit short- and long-term health goals.

  11. The development of college cafeteria%高校食堂的未来走向及出路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路子茂; 袁志赟

    2008-01-01

    随着高校后勤社会化改革取得了显著成效和进一步深入,高校餐饮作为高校后勤的龙头产业,在为学校广大师生、员工提供了基本的饮食保障的同时,也为学校的教学和科研立下了不可磨灭的功劳。

  12. Children in school cafeterias select foods containing more saturated fat and energy than the institute of medicine recommends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    In this study, we examined if children’s food selections met the School Meals Initiative (SMI) standards, and the recently released Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations. Mean food selection, plate waste, and food intake were also examined. Food intake of 2,049 4th-6th grade students were meas...

  13. Children in school cafeterias select foods containing more saturated fat and energy than the Institute of Medicine recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Corby K; Thomson, Jessica L; LeBlanc, Monique M; Stewart, Tiffany M; Newton, Robert L; Han, Hongmei; Sample, Alicia; Champagne, Catherine M; Williamson, Donald A

    2010-09-01

    In this study, we examined if children's food selection met the School Meals Initiative (SMI) standards and the recently released Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations. Mean food selection, plate waste, and food intake were also examined. Food intake of 2049 4th-6th grade students was measured objectively at lunch over 3 d with digital photography in 33 schools. The percent of children whose food selection met the SMI standards and IOM recommendations for energy (kJ), fat and saturated fat, calcium, iron, and vitamin A and C were calculated. The SMI standards provide lower limits for most nutrients; the IOM provides a range of values, including an upper limit for energy. Seventy-seven percent of children's energy selection met the SMI lower limit, but only 16% of children met the IOM's recommended range and 74% of children exceeded the upper limit. More than 70% of children exceeded the SMI and IOM's saturated fat recommendations. Children selected (mean +/- SD) 3168 +/- 621 kJ, discarded 882 +/- 581 kJ, and consumed 2286 +/- 716 kJ. Children were less likely to discard fat than carbohydrate, resulting in proportionally more fat being consumed. Most children met SMI and IOM recommendations for protein, calcium, iron, and vitamin A. With few exceptions, energy selection was similar among groups of children, but plate waste differed (P < 0.001), resulting in greater energy intake among boys compared with girls, Caucasians compared with African Americans, and heavier compared with lighter children. Children's selection was high in saturated fat and, based on IOM criteria, included excess energy.

  14. [The search for Yersinia enterocolitica in vegetables treated by a cold line in school cafeterias in Montpellier].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darbas, H; Riviere, M; Oberti, J

    1985-01-01

    From 134 samples of raw or cooked vegetables taken in two points of a cold line we isolated 19 strains of Yersinia enterocolitica, 3 of Y. intermedia 3 of Y. kristensenii. None of them belongs to serotypes usually pathogenic for man. The raw vegetables are most contaminated. Y. kristensenii and Y. intermedia were isolated especially from samples of green salad. The used method was a cold enrichment at 4 degrees C followed by a potassium hydroxyde treatment. The activity of 16 antimicrobial drugs was studied by the disk diffusion test at 28 degrees C. All strains were sensitive to aminoglycosides, minocycline, colistine and cotrimoxazole. The results obtained with chloramphenicol and beta-lactam antibiotics vary in terms of species and/or biotypes.

  15. Consideration of Practising Cafeteria Total Rewards%实践自助式整体薪酬的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓兴; 辛迅

    2006-01-01

    自助式整体薪酬是知识经济时代薪酬管理的发展趋势,它体现了员工的个性化需求,考虑到了员工的偏好特点.本文结合自助式整体薪酬管理的内涵及结构、特点,分析了实施自助式整体薪酬所面临的障碍和阻力,并联系我国企业的实际特点,阐明了要顺利推行自助式整体薪酬必须解决的关键问题.

  16. Research on the Cafeteria Layout Planning%自助餐厅的布局规划研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁铜

    2015-01-01

    本文描述了自助餐厅的定位和分类,针对不同类型的自助餐厅单元进行划分并详细地描述,对各个作业单位的面积分配建立模型分析,并对餐厅的布局规划的原则和方法进行探讨.为自助餐厅的布局规划提供了一个科学参考依据.

  17. Altered Nitrogen Balance and Decreased Urea Excretion in Male Rats Fed Cafeteria Diet Are Related to Arginine Availability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Sabater

    2014-01-01

    rats, but low arginine levels point to a block in the urea cycle between ornithine and arginine, thereby preventing the elimination of excess nitrogen as urea. The ultimate consequence of this paradoxical block in the urea cycle seems to be the limitation of arginine production and/or availability.

  18. Hypercaloric cafeteria-like diet induced UCP3 gene expression in skeletal muscle is impaired by hypothyroidism

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    The uncoupling protein UCP3 belongs to a family of mitochondrial carriers located in the inner mitochondrial membrane of certain cell types. It is expressed almost exclusively at high levels in skeletal muscle and its physiological role has not been fully determined in this tissue. In the present study we have addressed the possible interaction between a hypercaloric diet and thyroid hormone (T3), which are strong stimulators of UCP3 gene expression in skeletal muscle. Male Wistar rats weighi...

  19. Opportunities in the Classroom or Cafeteria for a "Tasting Challenge" to Influence First Grade Students' Willingness to Try New Foods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellows, Laura L.; Conlon, Tara; Cunningham-Sabo, Leslie; Johnson, Susan L.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose/Objective: To develop and implement a "Tasting Challenge" activity that is feasible for schools to influence and measure the willingness of elementary students to try new foods. Methods: The Tasting Challenge was as part of a classroom activity. Children were individually offered jicama and edamame to taste and rate (yummy, ok,…

  20. 76 FR 34937 - Amitraz, Bentazon, Bifenthrin, Chlorfenapyr, Cyfluthrin, Deltamethrin, et al

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ..., such as restaurants, cafeterias, supermarkets, bakeries, breweries, dairies, meat slaughtering and..., manufacturing and processing establishments, such as restaurants, cafeterias, supermarkets, bakeries,...

  1. The Use of Point-of-Sale Machines in School Cafeterias as a Method of Parental Influence over Child Lunch Food Choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrepont, Emmy; Cullen, Karen W.; Taylor, Wendell C.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Computerized point-of-sale (POS) machine software that allows parents to place restrictions on their child's school meal accounts is available. Parents could restrict specific foods (e.g., chips), identify specific days the child can purchase extra foods, or set monetary limits. This descriptive study examines the use of parental…

  2. An Analysis of Quantitative Scores of School Cafeterias%学校食堂卫生量化分级评定结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王笏俊; 陈敏; 苏珠莲

    2006-01-01

    为进一步加强对学校集体用餐的卫生监督管理,预防和控制食物中毒和其他食源性疾息的发生,保障广大在校师生的身体健康,确保集体用餐的卫生安全,2004年4月对该县各学校食堂进行了量化分级评定,现将评定结果报告如下。

  3. 2006年成都市学校食堂卫生抽样调查%SAMPLING SURVEY ON SCHOOL CAFETERIA HYGIENE IN CHENGDU IN 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕晓燕; 吕晓华

    2008-01-01

    [目的]了解学校食品卫生管理情况,预防和控制食物中毒等食源性疾病的发生,为改善食堂卫生状况提供依据.[方法]采用随机抽查的方法,对成都市6城区的39所学校食堂的卫生管理进行现况调查.[结果]所查学校食堂的卫生许可证持证率为74.36%,并存在多种卫生问题,其中布局及专间配置合格率仅为56.4%,环境消毒设施和环境卫生合格率均为71.8%.[结论]学校应加大对食堂的资金投入,加强对从业人员的管理及卫生培训,改善卫生设施和卫生状况.

  4. With the school cafeteria beans on Thinking poisoning%对一起学校食堂豆角中毒事件的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张林龙

    2011-01-01

    2010年8月31日中午,运城市某职业学校发生24名在校学生食物中毒事件.根据现场流行病学调查,结合临床表现和实验室检测结果证实该事件为食用未煮熟豆角引起的食物中毒.事件暴露出学校食堂转包经营存在的主体责任不清等问题,作者提出了针对性建议.

  5. On the Idea of the Design of College Cafeterias%高校学生大食堂设计理念研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于振阳

    2004-01-01

    回顾我国高校学生食堂就餐模式、经营模式的发展过程,感知不同的就餐、经营模式要有相应的建筑空间.分析我国高校食堂的特殊性,通过清华大学西区学生食堂设计,探讨新形势下我国高校学生大食堂建筑设计的新理念.

  6. Disinfection of Tableware in School Cafeteria of Liyang City%溧阳市学校食堂餐饮具消毒状况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建平

    2010-01-01

    @@ 餐饮具消毒效果的监测,是公共卫生服务工作的一项重要内容,同时也为地方行政、卫生监督提供准确的监测信息.为了解学校食堂餐饮具的消毒状况,防止因餐饮具不洁而引起食源性疾病的发生,确保学生的身体健康和集体用餐的安全,我们于2008-2009年对溧阳市学校食堂餐饮具进行了抽样检测,现将结果报道如下.

  7. 高校食堂饭菜价格带来的经济学思考%The economic ponders about the university cafeteria price

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤二子; 方后春; 邵莹

    2011-01-01

    高等教育是我国培养高端人才的关键步骤,在校学生是高等院校的主体,而高校食堂质量的好坏直接影响着在校学生的生活,在关注食堂饭菜质量外,我们也特别关注食堂饭菜价格的制定问题,因为价格的高低直接影响着在校学生在学校食堂的吃饭(购买)决策.文章通过对高校食堂一般定价行为的讨论,来思考一些相关的事件背后所包含的经济学原理,并提出相应的政策建议.

  8. The discussion of food safety supervision in school cafeterias%浅谈学校食堂的食品安全监督

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵梓丽

    2014-01-01

    目的:建立健全学校食堂的食品安全监督机制.方法:整合现有资源,加强卫生管理,完善体系建设.涉及预防、分级上报、协调、检验、完善后勤保障,健康评价等环节.结果:监测群发性食品中毒应急预案.结论:实施食物中毒应急预案,防止突发事件的漫延.

  9. Optimization Design of a Cafeteria Facilities Layout Based on SLP%基于SLP的某自助餐厅设施布局优化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周斌

    2014-01-01

    针对某自助餐厅的设施布局现状存在的诸多不合理问题,采用系统布置设计(SLP)方法对餐厅进行了物流和非物流关系分析,绘制出餐厅各作业单位位置相关图,根据相关图与餐厅的实际情况,对餐厅内各作业区进行优化设计,得到餐厅设施新的布局图.

  10. On Issues Concerning the Improvement of Cafeteria Management in Colleges%高校食堂管理水平提升策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林永庆

    2013-01-01

    随着高校的发展,师生对饮食要求的提高,高校食堂现有的操作技术和服务水平已不能很好地满足师生群体的要求.高校食堂的管理应在现有技术和服务功能不足的基础上进行不断研究和探索,强化和提升食堂管理体系和各种功能.通过食品安全、菜肴种类与质量、销售服务等方面的研究和探索,可推动和提高高校食堂管理水平和可持续发展.

  11. 关于高校食堂生产管理模式更新的研究%A study about updating production management model of cafeterias

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁志赟

    2008-01-01

    近年来,随着社会生产力的显著发展,国民经济发展水平的显著提高,高校食堂的硬件水平发生了翻天覆地的变化,餐饮大楼形式的高校食堂正在崛起,这在一定程度上促进了高校食堂的发展,提高了高校食堂的经营服务水平,实现了高校食堂跨跃式的发展。

  12. Feeding conditions control the expression of genes involved in sterol metabolism in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of normoweight and diet-induced (cafeteria) obese rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Caimari, A.; Oliver, P.; Rodenburg, W.; Keijer, J.; Palou, A.

    2010-01-01

    Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) are easily obtainable cells from blood whose gene expression profiles have been proven to be highly robust in distinguishing a disease state from healthy state. Sterol metabolism is of physiological importance, and although its nutritional response in liver

  13. 75 FR 18781 - Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-13

    ..., seat selection, boarding passes, or ordering food in restaurants and cafeterias. 75 FR 13457 (March 22... ordering food in restaurants and cafeterias. The draft standards and guidelines are available for...

  14. 政府实事工程促进农村学校食堂建设效果分析%Effect of governmental solving problems for people project to promoting school cafeteria construction in rural areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范旻昊

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨提高农村学校食堂卫生管理水平的有效途径,为提高农村学校食堂卫生管理水平提供依据.方法 根据如皋市农村初中食堂升级改造工程实施情况,分析改造前后学校食堂量化等级、功能区配置及流程、餐具消毒、食品留样等几个指标的变化情况.结果 通过推进"创A升级"活动,A级食堂所占比例由2.86%上升到了42.42%;主要功能区配置率明显提高,布局更趋合理;餐具抽检合格率从72.02%上升到95.86%;食品留样率由2.86%上升到75.76%.结论 充分开发政府与教育主管部门协作是成功实施农村学校食堂升级改造的前提,政府加大投入是提高学校食堂硬件设施配置水平的关键.

  15. Effects of Music Tempo and Group Size on Eating Time in College Cafeteria%音乐节奏和共餐人数对就餐时间的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王倩倩; 张璇; 孟蕾; 马飞

    2005-01-01

    本实验采用现场实验研究的方法,对不同音乐节奏和共餐人数条件下大学生就餐时间的差异进行了分析.结果表明:(1)总的来说,音乐节奏对就餐时间的主效应是显著的,快节奏音乐下的就餐时间少于慢节奏下的就餐时间;(2)单人组被试就餐时间显著快于多人组被试共餐时间;(3)音乐节奏和共餐人数对就餐时间存在交互作用;(4)在单人就餐时音乐节奏对就餐时间的效应是显著的,而多人共餐则没有这种效应或效应不显著.

  16. Investigation on the hygienic status of fast food in cafeteria in Beijing%北京市部分自助餐饮业即时食品卫生状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄持都; 吴继红; 贺玮; 彭凯; 胡小松

    2008-01-01

    随着社会经济的发展和生活节奏的加快,人们膳食结构发生了明显的改变,饮食习惯逐渐向方便、快捷转变,由此餐饮业得到了迅速发展,但同时也引发了食用安全卫生方面的问题和隐患。据国家卫生部有关食物中毒统计数据显示,60%以上的食物中毒发生在餐饮业。2006年11月17日,

  17. Study on Management Mode of Food Sanitation in the Beijing Olympic Village Athletes Cafeteria%北京奥运会奥运村运动员餐厅食品卫生管理模式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄武营; 胡建国; 黄咏欢

    2009-01-01

    随着中国经济的发展,越来越多的世界性大型体育赛事和各种国际交流会在中国举行,如何使来宾、运动员、消费者的食品卫生安全得到保障,已经成为政府主管部门面临的重要课题.杜绝食物中毒、确保食品安全是北京奥运会成功举办的重要保障之一.作者作为2008年北京奥运餐饮服务的基层管理者,通过简要介绍HACCP、GMP为核心的管理体系在北京奥运会奥运村运动员餐厅项目中的具体应用,为大型赛事和交流会餐饮服务的食品安全体系提供有价值的参考.

  18. 一种光电检测的食堂售饭系统的设计与试验%Design and experiment of a cafeteria selling system based on photo-electronic detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭宏; 于成; 晁沛荫; 王慧琴; 毛献辉

    2006-01-01

    介绍了一种光电检测的食堂售饭系统的设计与试验,介绍了系统的工作原理和系统结构组成,以及系统软、硬件设计.其中应用了模拟电路,数字电路及光电转换电路,最后由PC机来实现操作控制.该实验可作为仪器专业学生对光电技术实验课的一项实验课题.

  19. HACCP System and Its Implementation in the Self-management of Cafeteria in Vocational Colleges%高职院校食堂自主管理中HACCP体系及其实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟通

    2012-01-01

    餐饮业作为食品经营行业之一,其安全问题受到了越来越多的关注.高职院校师生用餐人数多,分布相对集中,更易发生集体性食物中毒,加强管理显得尤为重要.高职院校食堂必须改变传统的管理模式,采用现代的、科学的管理理念和管理方法.本研究通过校园自主管理HACCP体系的培训和实施,分别在培训前和培训后,以现场稽查和微生物检测的方式,进行培训实施后的成效评估.

  20. On Satisfaction of Diners in Colleges Cafeterias in Shenzhen and Correspondent Measures%深圳高校食堂就餐满意度调查与对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林永庆

    2013-01-01

    师生在食堂就餐过程中对菜肴食品、环境、卫生以及服务方面的综合满意度,取决于食堂菜肴质量与食堂管理水平.食堂管理人员通过就餐满意度调查,与师生进行有效沟通,了解其就餐需求以及食堂技术、价格、服务等水平现状,能有效促进食堂在操作技术、就餐服务及食品卫生安全保障等方面的提升.文章以深圳地区高校师生为重点调查对象,并根据调查结果提出改善策略.

  1. 青岛市中学食堂营养午餐设计与分析%Analysis and Design of Nutritional Lunches in Middle School Cafeterias in Qingdao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢洪山; 范涛

    2013-01-01

    学生营养餐的质量直接关系到青少年的体质和健康,文章以青岛地区中学生午餐为研究对象,从平衡膳食的角度阐述了营养午餐的设计原则、设计步骤,并进行了实例分析.

  2. 公共场所现场加工食品基本卫生状况调查%Surveillance on Hygienic Status of Foods Processed in Public Cafeteria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘智勇; 韩春雷; 步玲; 安宇; 赵学林; 梁萍

    2005-01-01

    为了解鹤壁市公共场所中食品现场加工制作的卫生状况,于2004年对市区部分大型公共场所中有关食品现场加工制作摊位及食品加工过程进行了调查.食品加工现场普遍存在的主要卫生问题是:食品加工间基本不具备相应的卫生条件;现制现卖的食品呈暴露式销售,缺少防蝇防尘设施等.针对这些卫生问题,提出了有效卫生监督意见和具体的整改措施.

  3. 层次分析法在某大学食堂竞标选择中的试用%Analytic hierarchy process in some university cafeteria competitive tender choice test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹宝根; 林国平

    2007-01-01

    层次分析法是将定量分析和定性分析有机的结合的方法,本文通过对某大学学生生选择食堂的硬性指标请学生打分,把选择的依据进行量化,再把静态数值转化为动态数值,进行层次分析,为食堂业主对各食堂的竞标价格提供参考意见.

  4. 慈溪市中小学校食堂卫生状况调查%A Survey on Sanitary Status of Cafeterias in Elementary and Middle Schools in Cixi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马均祥; 吴燕君

    2006-01-01

    为进一步贯彻《食品卫生法》和《学生集体用餐卫生监督办法》,确保学生集体用餐的安全卫生,防止学生食物中毒和肠道传染病的发生,2004年4-11月对慈溪市153所中小学校食堂的卫生状况进行了调查,报道如下。

  5. 大学食堂蔬菜中铅镉的检测及健康风险评价%The content and health risk assessment of lead and cadmium in vegetable in a university cafeteria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘曼曼; 赵俐杰; 胡昊天; 刘姝琨; 李毅; 梁宁

    2016-01-01

    目的 调查某大学食堂蔬菜的铅、镉含量及其存在的健康风险.方法 采用微波消解法对3大类8种蔬菜样品进行处理,石墨炉原子吸收法对蔬菜中的铅、镉的含量进行测定.采用单因子污染指数法、Nemerow综合污染指数法及目标危害系数法等方法对含量测定结果进行评价.结果 三类蔬菜中受重金属污染程度高低顺序为:茄果类>叶菜类>薯类;重金属污染程度:铅>镉;目标危害系数(THQ):铅>镉.结论 不考虑其他摄入途径等因素的共同影响,本次调查的8种蔬菜中的铅、镉的含量水平具有一定程度的健康风险,其中铅的健康风险高于镉.

  6. Crack prevention measures of floor in a middle school cafeteria%某中学餐厅现浇楼板设计中的裂缝防治措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程晓杰; 张超

    2011-01-01

    混凝土是现代建筑物上应用最广、用量极大的建筑材料,裂缝问题是混凝土结构中普遍存在而又难以解决的工程实际问题,它的出现会降低建筑物的抗渗能力,引起钢筋的锈蚀,降低结构的耐久性,影响建筑物的使用功能.裂缝产生的原因,有设计、施工、材料等很多方面.本文结合工程实例进行分析,提出在结构设计中防治楼板裂缝的措施及处理方法,供大家参考.

  7. 某单位集体食堂职工工作餐能量标识测定与分析%Determination and analysis of the energy label in a cafeteria of collective institution in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莉莉; 赵耀; 金庆中

    2015-01-01

    目的 对某单位集体食堂的工作餐进行标准化定量,制作能量标识.方法 选取某单位集体食堂的工作餐2周的所有主食和菜品共计43道,由一级厨师烹饪,对主料辅料进行标准化定量,采用《中华人民共和国国家标准》检测菜品中的蛋白质、脂肪和美国FDA认可的方法计算得到碳水化合物、能量的具体数值.结果 能量标识包括蛋白质,脂肪,总碳水化合物和能量.确定了该单位集体食堂工作餐的烹饪后7道主食36道菜品平均能量.素菜18道,平均能量149.2 kcal,36道菜品中肉菜18道,平均能量243.6 kcal,7道主食平均能量323.1 kcal.结论 该单位集体食堂菜品能量偏低可能无法满足职工工作时的能量需求.

  8. 具有公共顾客的两个学生食堂最优供应模型研究%Optimal supply model research of two student cafeterias with common customers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安树庭; 秦文钊; 顾恩国

    2014-01-01

    研究高校学生食堂的利润、剩余与就餐人数、供应调整系数之间的关系并对其进行计算机模拟.通过分析就餐人数和供应量的变化规律以及食堂的成本函数,以利润最大化和剩余最小化为目标,建立多目标优化模型.并利用计算机模拟确定供应调整系数的最优取值区间,可供管理决策者参考.

  9. 学生食堂餐厨垃圾中淀粉的生物利用菌株筛选%The ability of three Bacillus isolates to ferment starch in food waste from student cafeteria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹军; 李秋娟; 耿成燕; 田思佳; 热米拉; 许晓光

    2014-01-01

    目的 探索地衣芽胞杆菌、枯草芽胞杆菌和蜡样芽胞杆菌分解大学生食堂厨余中淀粉的能力,以筛选和研制餐厨垃圾生物降解的使用菌种.方法 将各菌种接于淀粉酶试验培养基,培养后滴加碘溶液,观察透明圈,判定产淀粉酶能力;收集大学生食堂的厨余,观察三种细菌在不同接种量(5%、10%、15%、20%、25%)、不同接种时间(24 h、48 h、72 h)及不同菌株配伍方式下发酵淀粉的能力.结果 地衣芽胞杆菌、枯草芽胞杆菌、蜡样芽胞杆菌都能产生淀粉酶,以地衣芽胞杆菌产生的淀粉酶较多,其次为枯草芽胞杆菌,蜡样芽胞杆菌较少,三种细菌分解厨余中淀粉的最佳接种量都为15% ~ 20%,最佳发酵时间为48 h,枯草芽胞杆菌和地衣芽胞杆菌各7.5%的接种量混合配伍发酵效果最佳.结论 可采用枯草芽胞杆菌和地衣芽胞杆菌各7.5%的接种量混合配伍发酵学生食堂的厨余中的淀粉.

  10. The Investigation about the Hygiene Situation of Cafeterias in Schools Kindergartens in Yuci of 2004%2004年榆次区学校、幼儿园食堂卫生现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚润仙; 李耀华

    2006-01-01

    [目的]了解晋中市榆次区学校、幼儿园集体食堂的卫生状况,以便发现存在的问题,及时制订相应的卫生管理措施,确保学生集体用餐卫生安全.[方法]2004年3月调查榆次区59所中小学校、幼儿园食堂的卫生设施、管理措施与餐具消毒状况.[结果]榆次区学校、幼儿园食堂卫生许可证办证率为86.44%,健康证持证率为83.47%,采购食品索证率33.82%,建立健全管理制度、考核办法的占57.6%.[结论]中小学集体食堂卫生状况不容乐观,应加强管理.

  11. Podpora využití regionálních potravin ve školním stravování pomocí produktové mapy

    OpenAIRE

    MELOUN, Martin

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is design a collection of action, which will speed up distributional ways between regional grocery producers and schools cafeterias in the district of Jindrichuv Hradec and at the same time supports higher regional, fresh, seasonal and ecologist products in schools cafeterias via the website Regional Agrarian Chamber of the South Bohemian Region "Map of products" (interactive regional map of suppliers of foods and different schools cafeterias at www.produktova-mapa....

  12. 29 CFR 825.600 - Special rules for school employees, definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... apply to other kinds of educational institutions, such as colleges and universities, trade schools, and... counselors, psychologists, or curriculum specialists. It also does not include cafeteria workers,...

  13. 29 CFR 32.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...)(i) A college, university, or other postsecondary institution, or a public system of higher education... participants such as hallways, restrooms, cafeterias and lounges, readily accessible to and usable...

  14. 76 FR 55653 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement/Overseas Environmental Impact...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-08

    ... between 5 and 8 p.m. on: 1. Thursday, September 22, 2011, at the University of Guam, Leon Guerrero School..., Mangilao, Guam 96923. 2. Friday, September 23, 2011, at the Southern High School Cafeteria, 1 Jose Perez... in Susupe, Saipan 96950. 4. Tuesday, September 27, 2011, at the Tinian High School Cafeteria,...

  15. 78 FR 65302 - Notice of Public Meetings for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement/Overseas Environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... dates to read: 1. Tuesday, November 12, 2013, at the University of Guam, Leon Guerrero School of..., MP 96950. 3. Thursday, November 14, 2013, at the Tinian High School Cafeteria, San Jose Village, Tinian, MP 96952. 4. Friday, November 15, 2013, at the Sinapalo Elementary School Cafeteria, Sinapalo...

  16. Celiac Disease and Gluten-Free Diet Videos

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... 2013 Peer Review Research Application Diagnosis Of Celiac Disease - Sensitivity/Specific CSA Medications Position Olmesartan Olmesartan Cafeteria Poster Cafeteria Staff Nurse Parent Principal School Counselor Staff Memo Students Teacher Cereal, Grain and Flour Cereal, Grain and Flour ...

  17. 26 CFR 1.132-7 - Employer-operated eating facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... section only if the condition set out in paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section is satisfied and access to... dining room or cafeteria in which meals are served is treated as a separate eating facility, whether each such dining room or cafeteria has its own kitchen or other food-preparation area. (2)...

  18. The National School Lunch and Competitive Food Offerings and Purchasing Behaviors of High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snelling, Anastasia M.; Korba, Casey; Burkey, Alyvia

    2007-01-01

    Background: Across the nation, schools have become actively involved in developing obesity prevention strategies both in classrooms and in cafeterias. We sought to determine the type of foods being offered during lunch in the cafeteria of 3 public high schools in 1 county and if this reflects the purchasing patterns of students. By labeling foods…

  19. Cronicas Academicas (Academic Chronicles).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pucci, Bruno

    2000-01-01

    Uses a scene glimpsed in a university cafeteria (cafeteria workers listening intently to the story another worker is telling them) and a stroll through the campus to reflect on how much professors are storytellers. Finds that the work of teaching is very similar to narrating. (BT)

  20. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-CREM-01-0003 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-CREM-01-0003 ref|NP_051147.1| NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 [Cafeteria roenberg...ensis] gb|AAF05798.1|AF193903_21 NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 [Cafeteria roenbergensis] NP_051147.1 1e-04 27% ...

  1. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-TTRU-01-1294 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-TTRU-01-1294 ref|NP_051157.1| ATP synthase F0 subunit 6 [Cafeteria roenbergens...is] gb|AAF05808.1|AF193903_31 ATP synthase F0 subunit 6 [Cafeteria roenbergensis] NP_051157.1 0.057 29% ...

  2. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-DNOV-01-0972 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-DNOV-01-0972 ref|NP_051157.1| ATP synthase F0 subunit 6 [Cafeteria roenbergens...is] gb|AAF05808.1|AF193903_31 ATP synthase F0 subunit 6 [Cafeteria roenbergensis] NP_051157.1 0.001 29% ...

  3. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-DNOV-01-2150 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-DNOV-01-2150 ref|NP_051152.1| ribosomal protein S4 [Cafeteria roenbergensis] g...b|AAF05803.1|AF193903_26 ribosomal protein S4 [Cafeteria roenbergensis] NP_051152.1 0.86 27% ...

  4. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-DNOV-01-2064 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-DNOV-01-2064 ref|NP_051147.1| NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 [Cafeteria roenberg...ensis] gb|AAF05798.1|AF193903_21 NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 [Cafeteria roenbergensis] NP_051147.1 0.009 24% ...

  5. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-CBRE-01-1180 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-CBRE-01-1180 ref|NP_051147.1| NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 [Cafeteria roenberg...ensis] gb|AAF05798.1|AF193903_21 NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 [Cafeteria roenbergensis] NP_051147.1 2e-05 24% ...

  6. Analysis of the Solar Resource Information Datasets for Thermal and/or electric Generation Using a Geographical Information System. Cases of Application: Central Cafeteria - University of the Valley, Cali Municipality and Farm {sup P}ozo Verde{sup ,} Jamundi Municipality , Cauca Valley, Colombia; Analisis de las Fuentes de Informacion sobre Recurso Solar para Generacion Termica y/o Electrica Empleando un Sistema de Informacion Geografica. Casos de Aplicacion: Cafeteria Central - Universidad del Valle, Municipio de Cali y Granja {sup P}ozo Verde{sup ,} Municipio de Jamundi, Valle del Cauca, Colombia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dominguez, J.; Manrique, P. A.; Pinedo, I.

    2009-10-12

    In this report, two examples of renewable energy assessments based on Geographical Information Systems are presented. Several case studies have been carried out in the Valley of Cauca (Colombia), and one on them has been used to size a hybrid system. The results of this particular case study are presented in a second report. The aim of this document is analysing the different sources of data that could be used in the characterization of solar energy for electricity and electricity-heat use. With this purpose, data of two areas in Valley of Cauca obtained from the Atlas of Solar Radiation of Colombia, SWERA project and SSE-NASA have been compared. The data coming from these sources has been analysed using a Geographical Information System, and the conclusions are described along with cartographic and numeric products. These reports are the result of a collaboration established between Universidad del Valle (Colombia) and CIEMAT (Spain), and have been done by the author while his staying at our center included on his PhD program.

  7. 77 FR 27671 - State of Hawaii; Regional Haze Federal Implementation Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-11

    ... University of Hawaii, Maui College in the Pilina Multipurpose Room, 310 W. Kaahumanu Ave., Kahului, Hawaii...: Waiakea High School in the Cafeteria, 155 W. Kawili St., Hilo, Hawaii 96720. To provide opportunities...

  8. 78 FR 13748 - Environmental Impact Statement for the East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor Project, Los...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ...--Cafeteria, 14200 Van Nuys Boulevard, Arleta, CA 91331. Wednesday, March 27, 2013; 4:00 to 6:00 p.m. at the..., Panorama Mall, California State University Northridge, Burbank Bob Hope Airport, Van Nuys Airport,...

  9. Emotional and Social Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to Your Children About Your Allergies Managing at Work Healthcare Providers Child Care Facilities Americans with Disabilities Act Cleaning Methods Handwashing Camps Schools CDC Guidelines Classroom Cafeteria Colleges & Universities College Food Allergy Program Participating ...

  10. Avoiding Cross-Contact

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to Your Children About Your Allergies Managing at Work Healthcare Providers Child Care Facilities Americans with Disabilities Act Cleaning Methods Handwashing Camps Schools CDC Guidelines Classroom Cafeteria Colleges & Universities College Food Allergy Program Participating ...

  11. Traveling with Food Allergies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to Your Children About Your Allergies Managing at Work Healthcare Providers Child Care Facilities Americans with Disabilities Act Cleaning Methods Handwashing Camps Schools CDC Guidelines Classroom Cafeteria Colleges & Universities College Food Allergy Program Participating ...

  12. 28 CFR 36.403 - Alterations: Path of travel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... limited to, the customer services lobby of a bank, the dining area of a cafeteria, the meeting rooms in a... accommodation or other private entity using the facility are carried out. Mechanical rooms, boiler rooms,...

  13. Do Open Floor Plans Invite Overeating?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... among American adults. Rollings and Wells suggested that future studies might explore the effect of floor plan openness in settings where overeating can occur, such as residential kitchens; college, school and workplace cafeterias; and buffet-style ...

  14. 10 Ways to Help Your Teen Succeed in High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... know the location of the main office, school nurse, cafeteria, gym, athletic fields, auditorium, and special classes. ... and students are also usually available on the district, school, or teacher websites. continue 3. Support Homework ...

  15. 10 Ways to Help Your Child Succeed in Middle School

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... know the location of the main office, school nurse, cafeteria, gym, athletic fields, auditorium, and special classes. ... and students are also usually available on the district, school, or teacher websites. continue 3. Support Homework ...

  16. 32 CFR 260.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... or waitress service may be available and provided within a cafeteria and table or booth seating... alteration or renovation. A permanent material change in the floor area of a building that would render...

  17. New Life for a '30s Monument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrett, Michael

    1980-01-01

    As part of a districtwide construction and renovation program in Everett (Washington) an Art Deco auditorium was refurbished, theater support facilities were expanded into an old gymnasium, and cafeteria space was rebuilt to house studios. (MLF)

  18. 29 CFR 776.18 - Employees of producers for commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., including restaurants, cafeterias, and snack bars, for the producer's employees in a factory, or in operating a children's nursery for the convenience of employees who leave young children there...

  19. Energy Performance Monitoring and Optimization System for DoD Campuses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-02-01

    Professor Francesco Borrelli ( University of California at Berkeley [UCB]), Dr. Keunmo Kang (UTRC), Anthony Kelman (UCB), Dr. Francesco Leonardi (UTRC), Dr... University of California, Berkeley and Naval Station Great Lakes demonstrated a campus-scale EPMO system prototype that utilizes advanced algorithms for...office spaces, and a large cafeteria /galley. Buildings 7113 and 7114 were functionally similar (i.e., include barracks, classroom, and cafeteria etc

  20. 论高校后勤基础设施BOT项目的风险管理——以z学院学生食堂BOT项目为例%On Risk Management of BOT Project for University Logistical Infrastructure:Taking BOT Project of Z College Cafeteria as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴海燕

    2015-01-01

    BOT模式是目前国内外采用比较广泛的一种融资模式,它利用私人资本进行政府、地区或有关主体部门的基础设施建设.自2003年高校后勤改革以来,不少高校已采取BOT模式进行校内后勤基础设施的建设.但这些项目中存在一些不可避免的风险,结合Z学院学生食堂BOT项目,可得出学校需重点考虑的风险按重要性排序依次是立项决策风险、项目法人选择风险、市场风险、政治风险、运营风险、谈判风险.以上风险通过综合评价体系、灰色理论招标方案以及校方一系列监管制度,可以在一定程度上予以规避.

  1. Explore a New Way of Managing the School Cafeteria, Constructing the New Pattern Actively of the Goal Management and Operation%探索学校食堂改革新路积极构建"目标经营管理"新模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李亚波; 马辉

    2006-01-01

    @@ 学校食堂办得好坏,直接关系到师生的情绪和精神状态.师生吃上满意的饭菜,会以饱满的热情和充沛的精力投身到工作和学习中去,反之会因饭菜不可口、价格不认同而导致心存积怨、情绪不高,如果把这种情绪带到工作、学习中去,就会给学校的教育教学带来不利影响.

  2. 实施“农村义务教育学生营养改善计划”的学校食堂食物供应状况分析%Food Supply in School Cafeteria Covered by Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张帆; 胡小琪; 张倩; 徐海泉; 马冠生

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解我国实施“农村义务教育学生营养改善计划”(以下简称“营养改善计划”)的学校食堂的食物供应状况,为更好地实施“营养改善计划”提供科学依据.方法:在699个实施“营养改善计划”的每个县内随机抽取20% ~ 30%的小学和初中,通过记账法对2013年学校食堂的食物供应情况进行调查.结果:调查的9 346所供餐学校中,各类食物供应量偏低的比例均已超过50%,其中鸡蛋、豆制品、牛奶等供应不足的学校比例分别达到81.5%、96.5%和79.9%.小学和初中、不同季节、不同供餐模式间均存在统计学差异(P值均<0.05).食堂食物供应情况呈现小学优于初中、春秋季优于夏冬季、食堂供餐优于企业供餐等特点.结论:我国实施“营养改善计划”的学校食堂食物供应普遍不足,应加强食堂配餐指导,增加蛋类、豆制品和奶类食物的供应.

  3. 校园餐饮场所的环境影响识别与评价分析——以运营中的湖北大学一期三食堂为例%Distinguishing and appraisement analysis of the campus dining place environmental effects——take Hubei University issue of three cafeterias for example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵锦慧; 李海波; 李兆华; 赵丽娅; 王波

    2008-01-01

    通过调查识别一期三食堂在运营过程中产生的水、声、固体废弃物和大气环境等方面的影响,并对照相应标准进行现状评价,结果显示:食堂对周边环境的主要影响为废水污染和油烟气体污染;对食堂内部环境的影响主要表现为噪声污染.为排除或减少这些环境污染,提出具体的环保措施.

  4. Simplicity,Practicality and Efficiency——Student Cafeteria Design for Maoming Transportation Technical School%朴素·务实·高效——茂名市交通技工学校学生食堂方案设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雄

    2009-01-01

    结合茂名市技工学校学生食堂的创作实践体验,从功能构成、平面组织、建筑形象等方面进行介绍,突出"朴素、务实、高效"的创作设计理念,为类似工程的规划和设计提供参考.

  5. Performance of Low Carbon for Campus Canteen: A Case Study in the Campus Cafeteria in Peking University%大学校园食堂低碳绩效研究——以北京大学康博斯食堂为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄柏玮; 吕斌

    2016-01-01

    用生态足迹量化方法评估校园食堂饮食产生的碳足迹,研究结果说明校园食堂产生可观的碳足迹排放量.提出用生态标签标明校园使用者饮食足迹的排放量,以减少食物浪费和不必要的食物需求,并对食材碳排放的结构进行调整,全面减少碳排放,以达到构建绿色生态校园的发展目标.

  6. Kids and Cafeterias: How Safe are Federal School Lunches? Joint Hearing before the Committee of Government Management, Restructuring, and the District of Columbia Subcommittee of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate and the Subcommittee on Government Efficiency, Financial Management, and Intergovernmental Relations of the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs.

    Noting the significant increase since 1990 in food-borne illnesses affecting school children, these hearings transcripts provide testimony on the safety of federal school lunches. Statements by Senator Richard Durbin and Representatives Stephen Horn, Janice Schakowsky, and Carolyn Maloney emphasized the array of federal agencies with various food…

  7. Quantificação e análise do custo da sobra limpa em unidades de alimentação e nutrição de uma empresa de grande porte Quantification and analysis of the cost of food wastage in the cafeterias of a large company

    OpenAIRE

    Isabel Cristina Cordeiro Soares; Elizangela Rodrigues da Silva; Silvia Eloiza Priore; Rita de Cássia Lanes Ribeiro; Marina Maria Lelis da Silva Pereira; Helena Maria Pinheiro-Sant'Ana

    2011-01-01

    OBJETIVO:O propósito deste estudo foi quantificar e avaliar o custo da sobra limpa em oito unidades de alimentação e nutrição de uma empresa siderúrgica de grande porte. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliadas oito unidades de alimentação e nutrição durante cinco meses. A quantificação da sobra limpa considerou as sobras e o número de refeições planejadas e servidas diariamente. As preparações foram divididas em grupos, sendo os custos obtidos a partir do valor médio dos alimentos adquiridos no mês. RESULTA...

  8. Study on knowledge about nutrition and diet behavior among employees in cafeterias of collective institutions in Beijing%北京市集体单位食堂炊管人员营养与膳食行为相关知识调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱运梁; 万国峰; 李玉青; 刘秀荣

    2014-01-01

    目的 了解北京市集体单位食堂炊管人员营养与膳食行为知识掌握情况及其影响因素,为提高集体单位食堂健康饮食服务的能力提供基础.方法 选取北京市19家集体单位的炊管人员223人为调查对象,采用问卷调查收集资料,应用非条件logistic回归分析其营养与膳食知识的掌握水平的影响因素.结果 通过填写完整的208份问卷统计表明,学过营养知识的炊管人员较未学过基础营养学知识者的掌握水平高(P <0.01,OR =4.36,95% CI 2.13~ 8.92),也比未学过膳食行为与疾病相关知识者的掌握水平高(P=0.043,OR =2.26,95% CI 1.03~4.99).结论 掌握营养学知识能提高认知水平,增强服务能力,因此应加强炊管人员的营养知识培训.

  9. School canteens in the Federal District, Brazil and the promotion of healthy eating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Blamires Santos Porto

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To characterize the school cafeterias in the Federal District of Brazil with respect to the promotion of healthy eating in schools. Methods: This is a descriptive, analytical, cross-sectional study, with a representative sample of schools with cafeterias in the Federal District, Brazil (n=202. The data were collected from April to November 2010 by means of on-site interviews and a structured questionnaire. The Pearson's chi-squared and Student's t tests were used. Results: A higher prevalence of outsourcing, and few employees and dieticians were observed. The prevailing foods were baked sausage, cheese, or chicken rolls or pastries. It was also found that 42.2% of the schools influence the menu of the cafeterias, and 58.6% of the representatives believe in the possibility of influencing the students' eating habits. However, 68.0% of the respondents do not believe in the economic feasibility of completely healthful school cafeterias. Approximately 30.0% of the respondents carry out activities to promote healthy eating. Conclusion: Most of the school cafeterias in the Federal District do not encourage healthful eating. The high prevalence of outsourced services with little interference from the school community gives high autonomy to the cafeteria's owner, whose priority is the pursuit of profit at the expense of the students' nutritional education. Improving the nutritional quality of school foods should be a continuous interactive effort of the food suppliers, principals, students, parents, and government authorities.

  10. Efeitos do exercício crônico sobre a concentração circulante da leptina e grelina em ratos com obesidade induzida por dieta Effects of the chronic exercise on the circulating concentration of leptin and ghrelin in rats With diet-induced obesity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Eguchi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A obesidade vem se tornando uma das maiores epidemias mundiais, dessa forma, conhecer sua etiologia e mecanismos que regulam seu desenvolvimento é de grande relevância para o seu Tratamento. Portanto, o objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da obesidade exógena induzida pela dieta de cafeteria e da atividade física crônica em ratos, sobre a adiposidade e a concentração sérica dos hormônios reguladores do balanço energético (leptina e grelina. Foram utilizados 32 ratos Wistar machos, divididos em quatro grupos: Sedentário alimentado com dieta padrão (SN, sedentário alimentado com dieta de cafeteria (SC, treinado alimentado com dieta padrão (TN e treinado alimentado com dieta de cafeteria (TC. A dieta de cafeteria aumentou significativamente a adiposidade central (RET e visceral (EPI (pObesity is becoming one of the biggest worldwide epidemics. Therefore, knowing its etiology and mechanisms that regulate its development is of great relevance for its treatment. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of obesity induced by the palatable hyperlipidic diet and of the chronic physical activity in rats, on the adiposity and the serum concentration of regulating hormones of the energy balance (leptin and ghrelin. 32 male Wistar rats were divided in four groups: Sedentary fed with chow diet (SN, sedentary fed with cafeteria diet (SC, trained fed with chow diet (TN and trained fed with cafeteria diet (TC. The cafeteria diet led to a significant increase of central (RET and visceral (EPI adiposity (p<0.05. Conversely,the exercise training minimized the effect of the cafeteria diet, diminishing the central and visceral adiposity. Leptin was also increased in the groups fed with the cafeteria diet, suggesting increase of the resistance to the action of this hormone. Chronic physical activity did not hinder the development of hyperleptinemia. Reduction in the serum ghrelin concentration was observed only in

  11. Food Waste Auditing at Three Florida Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann C. Wilkie

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available School cafeterias are a significant source of food waste and represent an ideal opportunity for diverting food waste from landfills. In this study, cafeteria waste audits were conducted at three Florida schools. Food waste comprised the largest fraction of school cafeteria waste streams, ranging from 47% to 58%, followed by milk, paper products (tissue, milk cartons, pasteboard, paper plates, and cardboard, and plastics (plastic wrap, packaging, and utensils. Metal and glass comprised the smallest fraction of the waste stream. Average total waste generation ranged from 50.5 to 137.6 g·student−1·day−1. The mean generation rates for food waste ranged from 24.7 to 64.9 g·student−1·day−1. The overall average for cafeteria waste generation among all three schools was 102.3 g·student−1·day−1, with food waste alone contributing 52.2 g·student−1·day−1. There are two primary approaches to diverting school food waste from landfills: reduction and recycling. Food waste can be reduced through educating students and staff in order to change behaviors that cause food waste. Food waste can be collected and recycled through composting or anaerobic digestion in order to generate beneficial end products, including soil amendments and bioenergy. Over 75% of the cafeteria waste measured in this study could be recycled in this manner.

  12. Effects of a high lipidic diet on murine energetic reserves in food deprivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartañà, J; Huget, J; Arola, L; Alemany, M

    1989-11-01

    Female mice were fed for one month either control or cafeteria diets. Then they were subjected to food deprivation for up to 36 hours and their weight loss, tissue lipid, glycogen and protein were determined together with their plasma glycose, amino acids, urea, lipoproteins and ketone bodies. Cafeteria mice were able to cope with prolonged starvation with altered plasma composition and important loss of lipids and protein, sparing to a certain degree their glucose and amino acids. Control-fed mice, however, showed a intense ketosis and significant losses of nitrogen. The results obtained showed a higher ability of cafeteria mice to handle and use lipids, that evolves in a better suitability to resist food deprivation with less extensive alterations in their fuel and nitrogen homeostasis.

  13. Increasing portion sizes of fruits and vegetables in an elementary school lunch program can increase fruit and vegetable consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Nicole; Reicks, Marla; Redden, Joseph P; Mann, Traci; Mykerezi, Elton; Vickers, Zata

    2015-08-01

    Increasing portion size can increase children's consumption of food. The goal of this study was to determine whether increasing the portion sizes of fruits and vegetables in an elementary school cafeteria environment would increase children's consumption of them. We measured each child's consumption of the fruit and vegetables served in a cafeteria line on a control day (normal cafeteria procedures) and on two intervention days. When we increased the portion size of 3 of the 4 fruits and vegetables by about 50%, children who took those foods increased their consumption of them. Although this was an effective strategy for increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among students who took those foods, many children chose not to take any fruits or vegetables. Further efforts are needed to increase children's selection and consumption of fruits and vegetables in an environment of competing foods of higher palatability.

  14. Radiographic evaluation of the effect of obesity on alveolar bone in rats with ligature-induced periodontal disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    do Nascimento, Cassiane Merigo; Cassol, Tiago; da Silva, Fernanda Soares; Bonfleur, Maria Lucia; Nassar, Carlos Augusto; Nassar, Patricia Oehlmeyer

    2013-01-01

    There is evidence that the lack of metabolic control of obese patients may accelerate periodontitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate radiographically the effect of cafeteria-diet-induced obesity on alveolar bone loss in rats subjected to periodontal disease. Twenty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: 1) control group, 2) control and ligature group; 3) cafeteria group; and 4) cafeteria and ligature group. The animals were evaluated for obesity and euthanized, and the mandible of each rat was removed to perform a radiographic evaluation of alveolar bone loss and its effect on diet-induced obesity. The results showed greater alveolar bone loss in the mice in Group 4 (P<0.01). Thus, we concluded that obese mice, on average, showed greater radiographic evidence of alveolar bone loss than mice undergoing induction of obesity.

  15. 从惯习—场域理论到群体信任的构建——以某事业单位食堂就餐人群类分为例%From the Theory of Habitus-fields to the Construction of Community Trust——From a Perspective of the Classification of the Dining Group in the Cafeteria of a Public Institution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳兵

    2013-01-01

    社会群体的信任构建涉及个人之间、小团体间的信任培育.布迪厄的惯习—场域理论提供了对个人之间、小团体间信任培育的较好分析蓝本,依此可导入某事业单位食堂的就餐人群案例,并对就餐人群的类分特征加以挖掘和剖析.研究发现,就餐人群的类分特征对群体信任的构建具有正相关作用和样本意义,但其动力机制要在对“物以类聚,人以群分”的类分人际圈四大特性的社会学的解释中去寻找.作为这一努力的标志性发现,信任的“情景丛”模型指明了实现群体信任的决定性条件就是各方达成理想的均衡,并由此构成从四个方面重建群体信任的理论基石.

  16. A Reading of Why are all the Black Kids Sitting together in the Cafeteria and Its Inspirations to the Construction of Ethnic Harmony in China%读《为什么餐厅里的黑人孩子都坐在一起》——兼论该书对构建中国和谐族群关系的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳妙艳; 常宝

    2010-01-01

    本文对塔特姆(Beverly Danjel Tatum)教授一书进行了简要介绍.塔特姆指出,种族歧视是一种体系优势.通过对白人背景下黑人、白人以及其他有色人种特质的精辟分析,她深刻地揭示了美国种族关系的实质,并提出了"促进跨种族对话"来打破沉默的建议.塔特姆的理论观点对于中国的族群关系建设有重要启示.在新的时代背景下,中国不仅要在中华民族背景下了解少数民族,也要在中华民族背景下了解汉族.

  17. 现代高校特色餐饮空间的塑造——以湖南商学院北津学院学生食堂建筑设计为例%Creating Characteristics of Food and Beverage Space in Modern Colleges and Universities——A Case Study on Architectural Design of Students' Cafeteria in Beijing Institute of Hunan Business College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申继

    2009-01-01

    本文结合工程项目实例,分析介绍了湖南商学院北津学院学生食堂建筑设计理念与整体平面设计构思要点,并从平面布局、空间组织、立面设计等方面对其建筑单体建筑设计及绿化景观设计进行了深入诠释和阐述.

  18. Effect of angiotensin(1-7 on heart function in an experimental rat model of obesity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katja eBlanke

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Obesity is a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases. Recently it was shown that overexpression of the Mas- receptor antagonist angiotensin(1-7 could prevent from diet- induced obesity. However, it remained unclear whether diet-induced obesity and angiotensin(1-7 overexpression might also have effects on the cardiovascular system in these rats.Methods: 23 male Sprague Dawley rats were fed with standard chow (SD+chow, n=5 or a cafeteria diet (SD+CD, n=6 for five months. To investigate the effect of angiotensin(1-7 transgenic rats, expressing an angiotensin(1-7-producing fusion protein in testis were used. These transgenic rats also received a five month’s feeding period with either chow (TGR+chow, n=6 or cafeteria diet (TGR+CD, n=6, respectively. Hemodynamic measurements (pressure-volume loops were carried out to assess cardiac function and blood pressure. Subsequently, hearts were explanted and investigated according to the Langendorff technique. Furthermore, cardiac remodeling in these animals was investigated histologically.Results: After five months cafeteria diet feeding rats showed a significantly increased body weight, which could be prevented in transgenic rats. However, there was no effect on cardiac performance after cafeteria diet in non-transgenic and transgenic rats. Moreover, overexpression of angiotensin(1-7 deteriorated cardiac contractility as indicated by impaired dp/dt. Furthermore, histological analysis revealed that cafeteria diet led to myocardial fibrosis in both, control and transgenic rats and this was not inhibited by an overproduction of angiotensin(1-7.Conclusion: These results indicate that an overexpression of circulating angiotensin(1-7 prevents a cafeteria diet-induced increase in body weight, but does not affect cardiac performance in this experimental rat model of obesity. Furthermore, overexpression of angiotensin(1-7 alone resulted in an impairment of cardiac function.

  19. 初三英语限时阅读训练

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝洋

    2002-01-01

    @@ Mv friend's grandfather came to America from Eastern Europe(东欧).After being processed(移民入境检查)at Ellis Island,he went into a cafeteria(自助餐厅)in Lower Manhattan to get something to eat.He sat down at a table and waited for someone to take his order(点菜).But nobody came to him.Later a woman with a plate full of food sat down opposite him and told him how a cafeteria worked.

  20. Reinforced racial integration in the first grade: a study in generalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauserman, N; Walen, S R; Behling, M

    1973-01-01

    This study investigated possible factors in promoting racial integration, a matter of practical concern in schools today. Specifically, the effect of social and tangible reinforcement was studied on the social integration of five black children in a predominantly white classroom. "Sitting and seating with a new friend" in the school cafeteria was manipulated by (a) teacher directive combined with reinforcement and (b) by positive reinforcement alone. Treatment effectiveness was studied in the cafeteria and as generalization effects to a free-play period. The results indicated that reinforcement produced significant generalization to integrated free play, although intersubject variability was present. Evidence suggests that reinforcement techniques can be used effectively to promote social integration.

  1. The Effect of Providing Breakfast in Class on Student Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imberman, Scott A.; Kugler, Adriana D.

    2014-01-01

    Many schools have recently experimented with moving breakfast from the cafeteria to the classroom. We examine whether such a program increases achievement, grades, and attendance rates. We exploit quasi-random timing of program implementation that allows for a difference-in-differences identification strategy. We find that providing breakfast in…

  2. The Effect of Providing Breakfast on Student Performance: Evidence from an In-Class Breakfast Program. NBER Working Paper No. 17720

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imberman, Scott A.; Kugler, Adriana D.

    2012-01-01

    In response to low take-up, many public schools have experimented with moving breakfast from the cafeteria to the classroom. We examine whether such a program increases performance as measured by standardized test scores, grades and attendance rates. We exploit quasi-random timing of program implementation that allows for a…

  3. Journey: A Service Learning Mural

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilman, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    Winthrop Middle School's cafeteria had three paintings on the wall in which the paint was fading and the plaster was falling off. Many students wanted a change since the paintings had been there for over 15 years. This situation seemed appropriate for a service learning project for this Winthrop, Maine middle school. After the students reviewed…

  4. The Feud over Food: The Truth about the School Lunch Wars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johns, Stephanie

    2010-01-01

    Serving meals and snacks at school is fraught with politics and pitfalls. While the battle rages in school cafeterias over menu choices, beverage sales, vending foods, and outright bans on what students can buy or even bring to school, there is some good news. More school districts are reducing the number of fried foods, increasing the levels of…

  5. 78 FR 56682 - Notice of Public Meetings for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement/Overseas Environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ... University of Guam, Leon Guerrero School of Business and Public Administration Building, Anthony Leon...-Purpose Center in Susupe, Saipan, MP 96950. 3. October 9, 2013, at the Tinian High School Cafeteria, San Jose Village, Tinian, MP 96952. 4. October 10, 2013, at the Sinapalo Elementary School...

  6. Targeted Mentorship: Is it Still Relevant Today?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Segregation, 1. 32 Ibid., 6. 33 Beverly D. Tatum, Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria ? (Arizona: Basic’s, 2003), 214. 34 Ibid...Service Members, Dissertation (Capella University , November 2008), 18. 47 Darrell E. Adams, Mentoring Women and Minority Officers in the U.S. Military

  7. 77 FR 31691 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Hawaii; Regional Haze Federal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-29

    ... University of Hawaii, Maui College in the Pilina Multipurpose Room, 310 W. Kaahumanu Avenue, Kahului, Hawaii...: Waiakea High School Cafeteria, 155 W. Kawili Street, Hilo, Hawaii 96720. To provide opportunities for... 2006. Prepared for IMPROVE, Colorado State University, Cooperative Institute for Research in...

  8. Preparing South Carolina Emergency Departments for Mass Casualties with an Emphasis on the Planning Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Kentucky University , 1988 B.S., University of Wisconsin-Stout, 1987 Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of...need for an alternate care site (ACS) or off-site location is needed. These plans include the doubling of patients/room, using cafeterias , hallways

  9. 12 CFR 1.130 - Type II securities; guidelines for obligations issued for university and housing purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... buildings, cafeterias, stadiums, and university parking lots. (2) An obligation that finances the... issued for university and housing purposes. 1.130 Section 1.130 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE...; guidelines for obligations issued for university and housing purposes. (a) Investment quality. An...

  10. Physical Integration and Social Segregation of Northern Negro College Students (1953, 1963 and 1965).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimbardo, Philip G.

    Extensive observations of the pattern of seating by Negro and white college students in the cafeterias of Brooklyn College (1953) and City College of New York (1963 and 1965) revealed consistent isolation of the Negro students. This pattern of social (self) segregation existed within environments which have always been physically integrated and…

  11. Rain Forest Murals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleiner, Cheryl

    2010-01-01

    The rain forest murals in the author's school began as a request from her principal to have students decorate the cafeteria with their own paintings. She decided to brainstorm ideas with her eighth-grade students. Taking into consideration the architectural space and the environmental concerns they wanted to convey, students chose the rain forest…

  12. Should Tourists Be Banned From Campuses?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Xiamen University,one of the leading universities in China,began to ban tour groups from entering its campus on June 1.The notice of the university said that except for certain dining halls,most of the school's cafeterias will not receive tourists or accept cash.However,individual tourists are still allowed to enter the campus after registration.

  13. An approach to measure ciliate grazing on living heterotrophic nanoflagellates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, K.; González, J. M.

    2003-01-01

    . Here we present an approach for the assessment of ciliate grazing on living heterotrophic nanoflagellates. Stationary phase cultures of a heterotrophic nanoflagellate (Cafeteria sp.) were live-stained by allowing them to take up fluorescently labelled macromolecules. Controls revealed that this label...

  14. A dialog on quantum gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Rovelli, C

    2003-01-01

    The debate between loop quantum gravity and string theory is sometimes lively, and it is hard to present an impartial view on the issue. Leaving any attempt to impartiality aside, I report here, instead, a conversation on this issue, overheard in the cafeteria of a Major American University.

  15. La recherche, ça creuse

    CERN Multimedia

    Rébillard, Jocelyne

    2001-01-01

    Like a town with several thousand people CERN offers, besides offices, research laboratories and other technical underground installations, some essential services for its members: 3 restaurants and 10 cafeterias on the sites of Meyrin and Prevessin are unavoidable meeting points. Every day, about 2500 meals are served to satisfy a wide and growing range of people and nationalities (2 pages)

  16. 尽享意式风情(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司英奇

    2001-01-01

    The Kerry Mall's Cafeteria, San Carlo, is the latest ltalian restaurant to win a high reputation in Beijing, not least because of its irresistible cappuccino and espresso, prepared in the original ltaltan way. More than a few experts applaud the coffee as the best in town.

  17. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Teaching Vacancies: Beijing Chaoyang Foreign Languages School is looking for ESL teachers. The package offer includes three complimentary meals a day at the school's cafeteria, 24-hour access to the Internet, paid vacations (six weeks in winter and eight weeks in summer), one roundtrip reimbursed from your hometown to the school and back and

  18. 78 FR 15973 - Notice of Public Scoping Meetings for the Pojoaque Basin Regional Water System Environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-13

    .... Thursday, April 4, 2013, in Espa ola, New Mexico. Tuesday, April 9, 2013, in Taos, New Mexico. The scoping..., Jemez Rooms 1&2, 6401 Richards Avenue, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87508. Espa ola--Northern New Mexico College, Cafeteria, 921 N. Paseo de O ate, Espa ola, New Mexico 87532. Taos--Taos Convention Center, Rio Grande...

  19. 40 CFR 763.83 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ceiling and the floor or roof deck above), such as classroom(s), a cafeteria, gymnasium, hallway(s), designated by a person accredited to prepare management plans, design abatement projects, or conduct response... means a program of work practices to maintain friable ACBM in good condition, ensure clean up...

  20. 78 FR 9529 - National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program: Nutrition Standards for All Foods...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    ... being served or consumed, including classrooms and multipurpose rooms that double as cafeterias during..., electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology... Summary As required for all rules that have been designated as significant by the Office of Management...

  1. 75 FR 63798 - Notice of Intent To Request New Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-18

    ... notice will be summarized and included in the request for Office of Management and Budget approval. All... appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of... local farm products in both the classroom and the cafeteria allows children to experience the value...

  2. The State High Biodiesel Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heasley, Paul L.; Van Der Sluys, William G.

    2009-01-01

    Through a collaborative project in Pennsylvania, high school students developed a method for converting batches of their cafeteria's waste fryer oil into biodiesel using a 190 L (50 gal) reactor. While the biodiesel is used to supplement the school district's heating and transportation energy needs, the byproduct--glycerol--is used to make hand…

  3. 77 FR 61746 - Notice of Intent To Prepare a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Guam and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ... analyzed. This SEIS will supplement the Final EIS for the ``Guam and Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana...., Bldg. 4175 (Old McCool School) Gym/Cafeteria, Santa Rita, Guam; Friday, November 9, 2012, from 5 p.m... closed on April 6, 2012. Shortly after the close of the public comment period, on April 27, 2012, the...

  4. Battling Obesity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Mike

    2007-01-01

    At the Gates Chili High School near Rochester, New York, the cafeteria and kitchen are getting an overdue overhaul. Deep fryers and the fat-soaked foods that come dripping out of them are no longer welcome in the kitchens and dining halls of a growing number of the nation's schools and universities. Likewise, heavily marketed sugary soft drinks…

  5. 7 CFR 3560.11 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Legally able to carry out the purposes of the loan; and (3) Prohibited from the sale or transfer of 90... defined in this section. Foreclosure. A proceeding in or out of court to extinguish all rights, title, and... units, (e.g., community rooms or buildings, cafeterias, dining halls, infirmaries, child care...

  6. Don't Throw It Away!: Raise Recycling Awareness through Communications Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazaros, Edward J.; Shackelford, Ray

    2008-01-01

    Americans discard a huge amount of material everyday. The activity described in this article--determining how much waste is thrown out or recycled in the school cafeteria over a five-day period--dramatically increases students' awareness of this fact of contemporary life. Armed with the information they've gathered, students go on to the…

  7. Mixing It up with Purpose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holladay, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    The basketball players sit in a corner of the cafeteria. The rockers hang out near the stage. The ditchers and smokers congregate near the school gates. The JV football players and cheerleaders? They're near the field. This is how students at California's Hawthorne High described the typical lunch period at their school. In doing so, they also…

  8. Market Diversification and Social Benefits: Motivations of Farmers Participating in Farm to School Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izumi, Betty T.; Wright, D. Wynne; Hamm, Michael W.

    2010-01-01

    Activists and academics are increasingly advocating for public procurement of locally grown food as a key market opportunity for farmers. In the United States, linking farmers directly with school cafeterias through farm to school programs are among the efforts that advocates say can provide a significant boost to rural economies. Through an…

  9. 77 FR 13311 - Arbitration Panel Decision Under the Randolph-Sheppard Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ... Commission for the Blind, the State licensing agency (SLA), violated the Act and implementing regulations in 34 CFR part 395. Specifically, Complainant alleged that the SLA violated the Act and its implementing... Lewis Cass Building Cafeteria was not a suitable location because the SLA was aware of a history...

  10. Happy Meals: When Lunch Subsidies Are Chopped, Kids Eat Better.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, Stephen

    1995-01-01

    Explains why privately-run lunch programs are providing better nutritional value at less cost than state-run programs. Several examples are provided of schools where lunch program privatization has increased participation and cafeteria discipline, improved nutritional and food quality, and has done so with financial efficiency. (GR)

  11. Preventing Trouble: Making Schools Safer Places Using Positive Behavior Supports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oswald, Karen; Safran, Stephen; Johanson, George

    2005-01-01

    Effective management of disruptive behaviors in schools is a national concern. While substantial resources are often allocated toward individual students who exhibit challenging behavior, less emphasis is placed on preventative interventions in common areas such as hallways, cafeterias and playgrounds. The purpose of this study was to determine…

  12. Proceedings of the Conference on the Design of Experiments in Army Research, Development, and Testing (22nd) Held at Harry Diamond Laboratories, Adelphi, Maryland on 20-22 October 1976

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-06-01

    Arlington, Virginia SA 1216-1316 LUNCH -- HDL Cafeteria 1315-1416 TECHNICAL SESSION 5 -- Auditorium of Building 205 CHAIRMAN Joseph S. Tyler, Jr., Chemical ...as wel’l as random butaofs i~n thes la Ilure,,cri teria, an analitical procedure has been developed to compute each W. Since W i s *a mu~ti~voriate I

  13. Barriers and Opportunities Related to Whole Grain Foods in Minnesota School Foodservice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hesse, David; Braun, Curtis; Dostal, Allison; Jeffery, Robert; Marquart, Len

    2009-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this research was to identify barriers and opportunities associated with the introduction of whole grain foods into school cafeterias. The primary objective was to elicit input from school foodservice personnel (SFP) regarding their experiences in ordering, purchasing, preparing, and serving whole grain foods in…

  14. How Important Are High Response Rates for College Surveys?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fosnacht, Kevin; Sarraf, Shimon; Howe, Elijah; Peck, Leah K.

    2017-01-01

    Surveys play an important role in understanding the higher education landscape. About 60 percent of the published research in major higher education journals utilized survey data (Pike, 2007). Institutions also commonly use surveys to assess student outcomes and evaluate programs, instructors, and even cafeteria food. However, declining survey…

  15. Development of an Intervention Programme to Encourage High School Students to Stay in School for Lunch Instead of Eating at Nearby Fast-Food Restaurants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaulieu, Dominique; Godin, Gaston

    2012-01-01

    Many schools have recently adopted food policies and replaced unhealthy products by healthy foods. Consequently, adolescents are more likely to consume a healthy meal if they stay in school for lunch to eat a meal either prepared at home or purchased in school cafeterias. However, many continue to eat in nearby fast-food restaurants. The present…

  16. White Whole-Wheat Flour Can Be Partially Substituted for Refined-Wheat Flour in Pizza Crust in School Meals without Affecting Consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Hing Wan; Burgess Champoux, Teri; Reicks, Marla; Vickers, Zata; Marquart, Len

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: Recent dietary guidance recommends that children consume at least three servings of whole-grains daily. This study examined whether white whole-wheat (WWW) flour can be partially substituted for refined-wheat (RW) flour in pizza crust without affecting consumption by children in a school cafeteria. Methods: Subjects included first to…

  17. Attack of the Junk Food Giant: Giving Children and Teens a Taste for Nutrition in an Age of Super Size Portions and Junk Food.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Marilyn

    2001-01-01

    Discusses what parents can do to ensure their children's healthy eating, examining whether students are eating school lunches or junk food in the cafeteria; discussing junk food temptations outside of school; noting rising soda consumption rates; and presenting advice for healthy eating (e.g., include children in meal planning and preparation and…

  18. Celiac Disease and Gluten-Free Diet Videos

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Induced Diseases Celiac Disease & Gluten-Free Diet Videos Food Nutrition and Recipes Too Get Involved 2015 Gluten-Free Expos Membership Participate in Clinical Trials Cel Kids Cel Kids Doctor Visit Gluten-Free Exchange Student Cel Kids Getting Along At School Cafeteria Poster ...

  19. Multipurpose Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    The concept of multipurpose spaces in schools is certainly not new. Especially in elementary schools, the combination of cafeteria and auditorium (and sometimes indoor physical activity space as well) is a well-established approach to maximizing the use of school space and a school district's budget. Nonetheless, there continue to be refinements…

  20. Grand Opening of Sky Café of Beijing International Hotel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Sky Caféof Beijing International Hotel held its grand opening on May 26.The garden-like cafeteria covers an area of 1,300 square meters with 300 seats,serving guests with breakfast,lunch and dinner.In order to provide guests with fine and tasty buffet,

  1. Marine Debris and Plastic Source Reduction Toolkit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Many plastic food service ware items originate on college and university campuses—in cafeterias, snack rooms, cafés, and eateries with take-out dining options. This Campus Toolkit is a detailed “how to” guide for reducing plastic waste on college campuses.

  2. America's Assembly Line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nye, David Edwin

    A social history of the assembly line, invented in 1913. Both praised as a boon to consumers and as a curse for workers, it has been satirized, imitated, and celebrated for 100 years. It has inspired fiction, comedy, cafeteria layouts, and suburban housing. It transformed industrial labor...

  3. EVALUATION OF ANTIOBESITY ACTIVITY OF TINOSPORA CORDIFOLIA STEMS IN RATS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jindal Vaneeta

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of petroleum ether extract of Tinospora cordifolia stems (Family: Menispermaceae on obesity in rats using cafeteria diet- and antipsychotic drug (sulpiride-induced obesity. Cafeteria diet administered for 40 successive days to Wistar male rats significantly increased body weight, serum total cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose levels; and decreased HDL cholesterol as compared to control. Antipsychotic drug (sulpiride administered to Wistar female rats for 28 successive days significantly increased the levels of glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol and there was no significant effect on HDL-cholesterol as compared to control. Petroleum ether (50 and 100 mg/kg, p.o. extract of Tinospora cordifolia administered for 40 and 28 successive days showed significant antiobesity effect in cafeteria diet- as well as sulpiride-induced obese rats respectively, as indicated by significant decrease in body weight and serum cholesterol, glucose and triglycerides; and significant increase in HDL-cholesterol as compared to respective cafeteria diet and sulpiride treated control rats. The antiobesity effect of petroleum ether extract of T. cordifolia might be due to increase in dopaminergic transmission, since the extract protected the animals against sulpiride-induced obesity. Thus, petroleum ether extract of Tinospora cordifolia may be explored further for its potential in treatment of obesity.

  4. Reading between the Lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waters, John K.

    2009-01-01

    Biometrics has been making its way into school districts for the past decade. Biometric tools draw information from a person's identifying physical components, providing a virtually fail-safe level of protection for K-12 schools. In addition to their security uses, biometric systems are currently used in schools for cafeteria purchases, library…

  5. Soul Warming Stories of Children with Special Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazeghi, Barabara

    2008-01-01

    This article presents an anecdote that relates the "derailment" that a child with autism can experience with an event as seemingly innocuous as the cafeteria pizza being rectangular as opposed to round. Those who work with or are the family member's of a person with autism will certainly be able to relate to such an event.

  6. Principles of Public School Accounting. State Educational Records and Reports Series: Handbook II-B.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Bert K.; And Others

    This handbook discusses the following primary aspects of school accounting: Definitions and principles; opening the general ledger; recording the approved budget; a sample month of transactions; the balance sheet, monthly, and annual reports; subsidiary journals; payroll procedures; cafeteria fund accounting; debt service accounting; construction…

  7. 29 CFR 531.32 - “Other facilities.”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... restaurants or cafeterias or by hospitals, hotels, or restaurants to their employees; meals, dormitory rooms....3(d)(1), the cost of furnishing “facilities” which are primarily for the benefit or convenience of... convenience of the employer and are not therefore to be considered “facilities” within the meaning of...

  8. Effect of Coconut Oil Administration on Some Hemostatic Changes Associated with Obesity in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Ahmed Mohamed, Nehal Mohammad Bahgat

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last few decades, coconut oil was claimed to have some beneficial health effects, attributed mainly to its medium chain triglycerides. It was, thus, intriguing to investigate the potential benefit of coconut oil in alleviating the prothrombotic tendency often encountered in obese individuals. The present study was carried out on 44 rats, of both sexes, aged 10 days at the start of the study. 31 out of 44 rats were offered high caloric diet (the cafeteria diet for induction of obesity. Rats were allocated into the following groups: Group1: Control rats (C (n=13 rats, comprising rats fed on the standard chow diet all-over the study period (24 weeks. Group2: Cafeteria diet-fed rats (Caf (n=16 rats, comprising rats fed on cafeteria diet until the end of the study period and Group3: Cafeteria diet/coconut oil-fed rats (Caf/Coco (n=15 rats, comprising rats fed on cafeteria diet with coconut oil starting from the 16th week till the end of the study period. At the end of the study, the BMI was assessed in the 3 studied groups and blood samples were collected for determination of platelet count and aggregation, prothrombin time (PT, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT, fibrin degradation products (FDPs, and plasma lipid profile. The encountered results revealed that the mean BMI of the cafeteria diet-fed rats was significantly higher than the BMI of control rats, and that the mean BMI of rats receiving cafeteria/coconut oil diet for 9 weeks was significantly decreased compared to their matched caf group. The PT, APTT and platelet count were all non significantly different in the three studied groups. Platelet aggregation, on the other hand, was significantly increased in the caf group compared to the control group, and significantly decreased in the caf/coco group compared to both the caf group and the control group. The plasma FDPs levels were not significantly different in the 3 studied groups. The lipid profile was insignificantly

  9. Dietary-induced obesity disrupts trace fear conditioning and decreases hippocampal reelin expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichelt, Amy C; Maniam, Jayanthi; Westbrook, R Frederick; Morris, Margaret J

    2015-01-01

    Both obesity and over-consumption of palatable high fat/high sugar "cafeteria" diets in rats has been shown to induce cognitive deficits in executive function, attention and spatial memory. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a diet that supplemented standard lab chow with a range of palatable foods eaten by people for 8 weeks, or regular lab chow. Memory was assessed using a trace fear conditioning procedure, whereby a conditioned stimulus (CS) is presented for 10s and then 30s after its termination a foot shock (US) is delivered. We assessed freezing to the CS (flashing light) in a neutral context, and freezing in the context associated with footshock. A dissociation was observed between levels of freezing in the context and to the CS associated with footshock. Cafeteria diet fed rats froze less than control chow fed rats in the context associated with footshock (P<0.01), indicating that encoding of a hippocampus-dependent context representation was impaired in these rats. Conversely, cafeteria diet fed rats froze more (P<0.05) to the CS than chow fed rats, suggesting that when hippocampal function was compromised the cue was the best predictor of footshock, as contextual information was not encoded. Dorsal hippocampal mRNA expression of inflammatory and neuroplasticity markers was analysed at the end of the experiment, 10 weeks of diet. Of these, mRNA expression of reelin, which is known to be important in long term potentiation and neuronal plasticity, was significantly reduced in cafeteria diet fed rats (P=0.003). This implicates reductions in hippocampal plasticity in the contextual fear memory deficits seen in the cafeteria diet fed rats.

  10. How SARS Taught Me to Cook

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUAVALEE

    2003-01-01

    DURING the week-long May Day holiday I usually hold a party, or enjoy the good weather on outings with friends, but thanks to the SARS epidemic in Beijing this year, I stayed at home the entire May Day holiday. It was no problem finding something to do with my ample spare time, as I can surf the Internet for hours on end. My biggest headache was eating.Having dined in cafeterias and restaurants for the previous ten years or so, I had never learned to cook, but as SARS had begun to spread in Beijing in late April, the cafeteria in my work unit and most restaurants were closed for the holiday.

  11. Kurt og kubikknægtene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlsen, Dorthe; Krog, Anna-Britt

    2012-01-01

    in groups with an exercise in Workplace Risk Assessment in different areas (garage, cafeteria) or in relation to different issues e.g. noise. The following challenges have been identified: • The course contains a large proportion of theory, while the students are primarily motivated by "hands-on" learning...... that they are able to survey large amounts of text. In addition to this, exercises may pose problems for the staff, for example employees in the cafeteria, when a new group every 10th week is asking them to identify problems in their workplace. The new didactic design is based on mobile learning involving...... to produce a video dealing with a work environment problem. This video should then form the basis for another group's Workplace Risk Assessment. The concept is developed in relation to the ELYK track labled "short vocational courses”. Innovation potential The overall goal is to make teaching more engaging...

  12. Grab a Cup, Fill It Up! An Intervention to Promote the Convenience of Drinking Water and Increase Student Water Consumption During School Lunch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenney, Erica L.; Gortmaker, Steven L.; Carter, Jill E.; Howe, M. Caitlin W.; Reiner, Jennifer F.; Cradock, Angie L.

    2017-01-01

    Objectives We evaluated a low-cost strategy for schools to improve the convenience and appeal of drinking water. Methods We conducted a group-randomized, controlled trial in 10 Boston, Massachusetts, schools in April through June 2013 to test a cafeteria-based intervention. Signage promoting water and disposable cups were installed near water sources. Mixed linear regression models adjusting for clustering evaluated the intervention impact on average student water consumption over 359 lunch periods. Results The percentage of students in intervention schools observed drinking water during lunch nearly doubled from baseline to follow-up compared with controls (+9.4%; P intake across all students (P sugar-sweetened beverages declined (−3.3%; P < .005). Conclusions The current default of providing water through drinking fountains in cafeterias results in low water consumption. This study shows that an inexpensive intervention to improve drinking water’s convenience by providing cups can increase student water consumption. PMID:26180950

  13. 上帝看着呢(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The children were lined up in the cafeteria of a Catholic (天主教的) elementary school forlunch.At the head of the table was a large pile of apples. The nun (修女) made a note, andposted on the apple tray:"Take only ONE. God is watching."Moving further along the lunch line, at the other end of the table was a large pile of

  14. The Evolution of the Civil Affairs Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    the current National Security Strategy and states the following: “[we] must continue to reduce the ‘cost of doing business’ . . . examine the mix of...conferencing, dormitories and cafeteria facilities to outside agencies. In fiscal year 2012, the Protocol and Communications Office was responsible for...decreasing, and markets and schools were reopened. The United States transitioned the mission over to the U.N. and redeployed the majority of their

  15. Defense Space Support to Civil Authority: How Can Policy be Improved?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-11

    inherent authority to protect lives and property, pursuant to precedent set in Cafeteria Workers v. McElroy and Mitchell v. Harmony. This authority to...TerreStar Networks’ satellite will provide voice, messaging and data connections to the North American market . July 15 • NASA space shuttle Endeavour...Political reaction was mixed at the U.N. level. “President Barack Obama and other world leaders called [April 2009’s] launch a provocation that cannot go

  16. EUCOM Keystone: Connecting Across Services Enabling Timely Horizontal & Vertical Integration, Product Reference Guide, Revision 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    geospatial data anywhere in the world. Keystone implants the Google Earth KML (Keyhole Markup Language) publishing interface to consume the Keystone Work...Product sharing. Client type Google Earth KML interface Data Format Consume Keystone Work Product XML data format Communication Flow...School Liaison o Clinic o AAFES (facilities include: PX, clothing store, laundromat, car care center, and school cafeteria) o Child and Youth

  17. 中国加入世界厕所组织 (英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ELISABETH; ROSENTHAL

    2002-01-01

    Beijing’s WTO accession lastyear nearly went unnoticedamid the hoopla surroundingChina’s admission to the World T TradeOrganization. But when China quietly joined lastNovember the World ToiletOrganization,the impact on ordinaryBeijingers was certainly moreimmediate.Just ask 77-year-old re-tired cafeteria worker Liu Zhong. Beijing’s authorities have spentmillions of dollars upgrading public

  18. Trialogue on the number of fundamental constants

    CERN Document Server

    Duff, Michael J; Veneziano, Gabriele

    2002-01-01

    This paper consists of three separate articles on the number of fundamental dimensionful constants in physics. We started our debate in summer 1992 on the terrace of the famous CERN cafeteria. In the summer of 2001 we returned to the subject to find that our views still diverged and decided to explain our current positions. LBO develops the traditional approach with three constants, GV argues in favor of just two, while MJD advocates zero.

  19. 彭阳县学校幼儿园食堂餐饮具消毒效果监测%Pengyang Schools Kindergartens Canteens Tableware Disinfection Monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵志刚

    2013-01-01

    To implement "the People's Republic of China Food sanitation Law" earnestly and "School canteen And Student Col ective Dines together Conservancy of sanitation Stipulation", prevents the school kindergarten food poisoning accident to occur, the author has carried on the examination in April, 2009 to June to the Pengyang County 34 school canteen 7 kindergarten cafeteria tableware disinfection ef ect. The examination uses the random sampling the method, after the school kindergarten cafeteria disinfection's bowl, the chopsticks, the ladle, the lunch box and so on as the examination object, the test result demonstrated:The steam disinfection ef ect is best, the electronic sterilization cabinet next best, the chemical disinfection is worst, the state-operated cafeteria privately operated cafeteria disinfection ef ect is good.%为认真贯彻《中华人民共和国食品安全法》和《学校食堂与学生集体聚餐卫生管理规定》,防止学校幼儿园食物中毒事故发生,笔者于2011年4~6月对彭阳县34所学校食堂7所幼儿园食堂餐具消毒效果进行了检测。检测采用随机抽样的方法,以学校幼儿园食堂消毒后的碗、筷子、勺子、饭盒等为检测对象,检测结果显示:蒸气消毒效果最好,电子消毒柜次之,化学消毒最差,国营食堂较私营食堂消毒效果好。

  20. 奉献为美 世界皆然——读The Right Thing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    一岚

    1997-01-01

    最近出版的Reader’s Digest上刊登了这样一篇写警察的文章: Kids hugging(紧抱) cops? Not a common sight these days. But OfficerWayne Barton of the Boca Riton, Fla., police department is used to it. Barton heard that the school cafeteria(食堂) was shorthanded and neededsomeone to help serve lunch. "Not in my job description?" says Barton, a city

  1. Report on the FY 1986 Activities of the Defense Science Study Group. Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-05-01

    Agency Daniel Alpert Director, Center for Advanced Studies, 0 University of Illinois Richard B. Bernstein Professor of Chemistry, University of...Cafeteria System Challenges in Space Access Systems 1:30- 2:15 p.m. Aerospace Plane Concepts and Larry Hunt, Technologies NASA Langley ,,A 2:15- 3:00 p.m...on November 8, 1986 0-0 Dr. Daniel Alpert Director, Center for Advanced Study -, University of Illinois Professor Richard Bernstein University of

  2. Business Case Analysis: Increasing Air Force Dining Hall Use as an Alternative to Closure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    authorize officers to eat meals in the dining facility after determining other facilities, including NAF food activities, base exchange cafeteria ...Personnel and Services for the Air Force, testified before Congress regarding the initiative and stated that the goal of the program is to improve “food...a financial standpoint. For government projects, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) publishes and updates a forecast of nominal or market

  3. The Healthy School Canteen Programme: A Promising Intervention to Make the School Food Environment Healthier

    OpenAIRE

    Fréderike Mensink; Saskia Antoinette Schwinghammer; Astrid Smeets

    2012-01-01

    The environment can exert a strong influence on people's food decisions. In order to facilitate students to make more healthy food choices and to develop healthy eating habits, it is important that the school food environment is healthy. The Healthy School Canteen programme of The Netherlands Nutrition Centre is an intervention that helps schools to make their cafeteria's offering healthier. A descriptive study was conducted by an independent research agency to survey the perceptions, experie...

  4. Food accessibility and food choice. A test of Schachter's externality hypothesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyers, A W; Stunkard, A J; Coll, M

    1980-10-01

    A set of naturalistic observations was conducted to examine Schachter's theory that obese individuals are more responsive to external food cues than persons of normal weight. During six days of observation at a large hospital cafeteria, experimenters manipulated the accessibility of high- and low-calorie desserts. No differences in selection by obese, overweight, and normal-weight individuals of meals or desserts were observed. All weight groups were equally responsive to the experimental manipulation of food cues.

  5. Outbreak of food poisoning caused by lactose-fermenting Salmonella tuebingen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dube, S D

    1983-04-01

    An outbreak of food poisoning occurred in a cafeteria and involved 102 student nurses. A lactose-fermenting strain of Salmonella tuebingen was isolated. The source was traced to the chicken consumed. Production of H2S was not evident on triple sugar iron but was detected on lysine iron agar. Therefore, the present report emphasizes the importance of bismuth sulfite agar and lysine iron agar for routine use in the isolation of salmonellae from stool.

  6. Outbreak of food poisoning caused by lactose-fermenting Salmonella tuebingen.

    OpenAIRE

    1983-01-01

    An outbreak of food poisoning occurred in a cafeteria and involved 102 student nurses. A lactose-fermenting strain of Salmonella tuebingen was isolated. The source was traced to the chicken consumed. Production of H2S was not evident on triple sugar iron but was detected on lysine iron agar. Therefore, the present report emphasizes the importance of bismuth sulfite agar and lysine iron agar for routine use in the isolation of salmonellae from stool.

  7. Market potential for guinea fowl (Numidia meleagris) products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madzimure, James; Saina, Happyson; Ngorora, Grace P K

    2011-12-01

    The survey evaluated the market potential for guinea fowl (GF; Numidia meleagris) products in the city of Harare, Zimbabwe. Questionnaires were administered to traders/producers (n = 17), retailers (n = 12), cafeteria industry (n = 33) and consumers (n = 1,680) to establish their perceptions on guinea fowl products. The average household size was 6 ± 2. Each trader sold 10 ± 6.30 keets (mean ± standard error), 33 ± 15.05 growers, 20 ± 12.69 breeders and 20 ± 10.1 crates of 30 eggs per month. Each household consumed 2.5 ± 1.39 kg of GF meat and 3 ± 0.65 dozens of GF eggs per month. Retailers purchased 52 ± 44.42 crates of GF eggs and 41 ± 30.50/kg of GF meat whilst cafeteria purchased 33.6 ± 14 crates of GF eggs and 65.5 ± 33.52 kg of GF meat per month. Growers for breeding were the major product for sale by traders (94.1%) at a price of US$7.50 ± 1.74/bird. Different industries were offering different prices for guinea fowl products because of their scarcity on the market. The mean purchase price per crate of 30 guinea fowl eggs sold to the retail and cafeteria were US$3.00 ± 0.58 and US$4.50 ± 0.50, respectively. The mean purchase prices for GF meat was lower (P supply due to the absence of good road networks to connect source areas and the market, perishability of dressed chickens due to power cuts and poor publicity. Overall, the study showed that there is greater market potential for guinea fowl products and farmers can channel their products through traders, cafeteria and retail industries.

  8. Smart-card-based automatic meal record system intervention tool for analysis using data mining approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zenitani, Satoko; Nishiuchi, Hiromu; Kiuchi, Takahiro

    2010-04-01

    The Smart-card-based Automatic Meal Record system for company cafeterias (AutoMealRecord system) was recently developed and used to monitor employee eating habits. The system could be a unique nutrition assessment tool for automatically monitoring the meal purchases of all employees, although it only focuses on company cafeterias and has never been validated. Before starting an interventional study, we tested the reliability of the data collected by the system using the data mining approach. The AutoMealRecord data were examined to determine if it could predict current obesity. All data used in this study (n = 899) were collected by a major electric company based in Tokyo, which has been operating the AutoMealRecord system for several years. We analyzed dietary patterns by principal component analysis using data from the system and extracted 5 major dietary patterns: healthy, traditional Japanese, Chinese, Japanese noodles, and pasta. The ability to predict current body mass index (BMI) with dietary preference was assessed with multiple linear regression analyses, and in the current study, BMI was positively correlated with male gender, preference for "Japanese noodles," mean energy intake, protein content, and frequency of body measurement at a body measurement booth in the cafeteria. There was a negative correlation with age, dietary fiber, and lunchtime cafeteria use (R(2) = 0.22). This regression model predicted "would-be obese" participants (BMI >or= 23) with 68.8% accuracy by leave-one-out cross validation. This shows that there was sufficient predictability of BMI based on data from the AutoMealRecord System. We conclude that the AutoMealRecord system is valuable for further consideration as a health care intervention tool.

  9. Give & Take

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutton, Gail

    2012-01-01

    Employees in a negotiation training workshop are chatting happily in a company cafeteria near San Francisco. They're not on break. They're on assignment. Their objective: to discover three things they didn't know--and wouldn't have guessed--about each other. The exercise isn't about the information, though. It's about the methods they used to get…

  10. Antiobesogenic and Antiatherosclerotic Properties of Caralluma fimbriata Extract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soundararajan Kamalakkannan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available There is evidence that the principles present in the widely consumed Indian food plant C. fimbriata extract (CFE suppress appetite, and provide antiobesogenic and metabolic benefits. The Diet-Induced Obesity (DIO rat model was used to investigate CFE's anorexigenic effects. Rats were randomly divided into three groups: (i untreated control (C, (ii control for cafeteria diet (CA, and (iii cafeteria diet fed + CFE treated. Rats in the test group received cafeteria diet and CFE from day one onwards. CFE was administered by gavage at three doses (25, 50, 100 mg/Kg BW per day for 90 days. The antiobesogenic effects of CFE were evaluated by monitoring changes in feed intake, body weight, serum lipid and hormonal (leptin profiles, fat pads, and liver weight. Antiatherosclerotic effects were measured by histology. CFE induced significant and dose-dependent inhibition of food intake, with dose-related prevention of gains in body weight, liver weight, and fat pad mass. Alterations in serum lipid profiles associated with weight gain were similarly inhibited, as were the typical increases in serum leptin levels. These data substantiate CFE's reported anorexigenic effects. CFE treatment also conferred protection against atherogenesis. We conclude that CFE possesses antiobesogenic and antiatherosclerotic properties.

  11. A Trypsin Inhibitor from Tamarind Reduces Food Intake and Improves Inflammatory Status in Rats with Metabolic Syndrome Regardless of Weight Loss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana M. C. Carvalho

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Trypsin inhibitors are studied in a variety of models for their anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory bioactive properties. Our group has previously demonstrated the satietogenic effect of tamarind seed trypsin inhibitors (TTI in eutrophic mouse models and anti-inflammatory effects of other trypsin inhibitors. In this study, we evaluated TTI effect upon satiety, biochemical and inflammatory parameters in an experimental model of metabolic syndrome (MetS. Three groups of n = 5 male Wistar rats with obesity-based MetS received for 10 days one of the following: (1 Cafeteria diet; (2 Cafeteria diet + TTI (25 mg/kg; and (3 Standard diet. TTI reduced food intake in animals with MetS. Nevertheless, weight gain was not different between studied groups. Dyslipidemia parameters were not different with the use of TTI, only the group receiving standard diet showed lower very low density lipoprotein (VLDL and triglycerides (TG (Kruskal–Wallis, p < 0.05. Interleukin-6 (IL-6 production did not differ between groups. Interestingly, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α was lower in animals receiving TTI. Our results corroborate the satietogenic effect of TTI in a MetS model. Furthermore, we showed that TTI added to a cafeteria diet may decrease inflammation regardless of weight loss. This puts TTI as a candidate for studies to test its effectiveness as an adjuvant in MetS treatment.

  12. A Trypsin Inhibitor from Tamarind Reduces Food Intake and Improves Inflammatory Status in Rats with Metabolic Syndrome Regardless of Weight Loss

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Fabiana M. C.; Lima, Vanessa C. O.; Costa, Izael S.; Medeiros, Amanda F.; Serquiz, Alexandre C.; Lima, Maíra C. J. S.; Serquiz, Raphael P.; Maciel, Bruna L. L.; Uchôa, Adriana F.; Santos, Elizeu A.; Morais, Ana H. A.

    2016-01-01

    Trypsin inhibitors are studied in a variety of models for their anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory bioactive properties. Our group has previously demonstrated the satietogenic effect of tamarind seed trypsin inhibitors (TTI) in eutrophic mouse models and anti-inflammatory effects of other trypsin inhibitors. In this study, we evaluated TTI effect upon satiety, biochemical and inflammatory parameters in an experimental model of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Three groups of n = 5 male Wistar rats with obesity-based MetS received for 10 days one of the following: (1) Cafeteria diet; (2) Cafeteria diet + TTI (25 mg/kg); and (3) Standard diet. TTI reduced food intake in animals with MetS. Nevertheless, weight gain was not different between studied groups. Dyslipidemia parameters were not different with the use of TTI, only the group receiving standard diet showed lower very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and triglycerides (TG) (Kruskal–Wallis, p cafeteria diet may decrease inflammation regardless of weight loss. This puts TTI as a candidate for studies to test its effectiveness as an adjuvant in MetS treatment. PMID:27690087

  13. The Healthy School Canteen Programme: A Promising Intervention to Make the School Food Environment Healthier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fréderike Mensink

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The environment can exert a strong influence on people's food decisions. In order to facilitate students to make more healthy food choices and to develop healthy eating habits, it is important that the school food environment is healthy. The Healthy School Canteen programme of The Netherlands Nutrition Centre is an intervention that helps schools to make their cafeteria's offering healthier. A descriptive study was conducted by an independent research agency to survey the perceptions, experiences, and opinions of users of the programme (school directors, parents, students, and health professionals. Results show that directors and students of participating schools perceive their cafeteria's offering to be healthier after implementing the programme than prior to implementation. Next, further important results of the study are highlighted and relations with other projects, caveats, and practical recommendations are discussed. It is concluded that the Healthy School Canteen programme is a promising intervention to change the school food environment but that further research is needed to ultimately establish its effectiveness. Also, it will be a challenge to motivate all schools to enroll in the programme in order to achieve the goal of the Dutch Government of all Dutch school cafeterias being healthy by 2015.

  14. Radiographic evaluation of the effect of obesity on alveolar bone in rats with ligature-induced periodontal disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    do Nascimento CM

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Cassiane Merigo do Nascimento,1 Tiago Cassol,2 Fernanda Soares da Silva,3 Maria Lucia Bonfleur,4 Carlos Augusto Nassar,5 Patricia Oehlmeyer Nassar5 1Biologica Science and Health Center, State University of West Paraná (UNIOESTE, Cascavel, Paraná, Brazil; 2State University of West Paraná (UNIOESTE, Cascavel, Paraná, Brazil; Department of 3Pharmacy, 4Fisiology, 5Periodontology, Dental School, State University of West Paraná (UNIOESTE, Cascavel, Paraná, Brazil Abstract: There is evidence that the lack of metabolic control of obese patients may accelerate periodontitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate radiographically the effect of cafeteria-diet-induced obesity on alveolar bone loss in rats subjected to periodontal disease. Twenty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: 1 control group, 2 control and ligature group; 3 cafeteria group; and 4 cafeteria and ligature group. The animals were evaluated for obesity and euthanized, and the mandible of each rat was removed to perform a radiographic evaluation of alveolar bone loss and its effect on diet-induced obesity. The results showed greater alveolar bone loss in the mice in Group 4 (P<0.01. Thus, we concluded that obese mice, on average, showed greater radiographic evidence of alveolar bone loss than mice undergoing induction of obesity. Keywords: periodontal disease, radiography, obesity

  15. Cafetería de la Monsanto Company, San Luis, Mo. (U.S.A.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kling, Vincent G.

    1971-03-01

    Full Text Available This cafeteria has been designed to serve the staff of the buildings housing the central offices of the firm. It is adapted to a sloping gradient of the ground, and this provides a contrast to the formal symmetry of the main buildings. The structure of the cafeteria is unfaced concrete, locally cast, and at certain points, it also serves as a sculptural and architectural motif. Much care has also been taken so that natural lighting can be enjoyed at all levels of the cafeteria, whilst the immediate surroundings have been cleverly gardened to provide a pleasant environment.El volumen definido por la cafetería, que fue concebida para dar servicio a los empleados del grupo de edificios que albergan las oficinas centrales de la empresa, aparece claramente señalado por el perfil escalonado que presenta el terreno, lo que añade una geometría complementaria a la de la simetría formal de dichos edificios. Su estructura realizada a base de hormigón «visto» moldeado in situ, en ciertos puntos, sirve al mismo tiempo como elemento escultórico y arquitectónico. La iluminación ha sido asimismo cuidadosamente estudiada para que se disfrute en todos los niveles de la cafetería de iluminación natural; y el entorno, de patios, etc., tratado paisajísticamente, para ofrecer unas vistas agradables al usuario.

  16. Permanent administration of d-fenfluramine in rats: paradoxical effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozen, R; Fumeron, F; Betoulle, D; Baigts, F; Mandenoff, A; Fricker, J; Apfelbaum, M

    1988-01-01

    In order to test the hypothesis of Levitzky that d-fenfluramine (d-F) acts by modifying the ponderal set-point, we compared the effects of a permanent infusion of d-F on food intake and body weight (BW). The effect on the weight persisted as long as the infusion; the clear-cut anorectic effect lasted only a few days. This paradox is compatible with the set-point hypothesis. In rats rendered overweight by insulin treatment, the d-F-induced decrease in BW was approximately four times smaller than in controls. In rats rendered overweight by a cafeteria diet, the decrease in BW was twice as large in permanently cafeteria fed rats as in cafeteria, then, ad lib fed rats. In rats rendered underweight by a restricted chow diet and then returned to an ad lib feeding, the final BW depended only on the doses of d-F (0.6 or 12 mg/kg BW/day), whatever the weight at the beginning of infusion. Thus, the underweight paradigm fits well with the set-point hypothesis; the overweight paradigm fits only partially.

  17. The Healthy School Canteen programme: a promising intervention to make the school food environment healthier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mensink, Fréderike; Schwinghammer, Saskia Antoinette; Smeets, Astrid

    2012-01-01

    The environment can exert a strong influence on people's food decisions. In order to facilitate students to make more healthy food choices and to develop healthy eating habits, it is important that the school food environment is healthy. The Healthy School Canteen programme of The Netherlands Nutrition Centre is an intervention that helps schools to make their cafeteria's offering healthier. A descriptive study was conducted by an independent research agency to survey the perceptions, experiences, and opinions of users of the programme (school directors, parents, students, and health professionals). Results show that directors and students of participating schools perceive their cafeteria's offering to be healthier after implementing the programme than prior to implementation. Next, further important results of the study are highlighted and relations with other projects, caveats, and practical recommendations are discussed. It is concluded that the Healthy School Canteen programme is a promising intervention to change the school food environment but that further research is needed to ultimately establish its effectiveness. Also, it will be a challenge to motivate all schools to enroll in the programme in order to achieve the goal of the Dutch Government of all Dutch school cafeterias being healthy by 2015.

  18. Examination of the Food and Nutrient Content of School Lunch Menus of Two School Districts in Mississippi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavon Young

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the diet quality of the school meals in two Mississippi school districts and compared them to the national guidelines. We examined the lunch menus of the two school districts that participated in the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program focusing on food quality and assessing both healthy and unhealthy foods and eating behaviors. This analysis was completed through a computerized review used to accurately determine the nutrient content. Both the standard and the alternative meals provided by the cafeterias in the two school districts exceeded the minimum requirement for calories for all grade levels. The meals from the urban schools cafeteria provide more calories than meals from the cafeteria in the rural school district. Although schools believe that they are making positive changes to children’s diets, the programs are falling short of the nutrient recommendations. Poor nutrition and improper dietary practices are now regarded as important risk factors in the emerging problems of obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and other chronic diseases, with excessive energy intake listed as a possible reason. Dieticians, school professionals and other health care practitioners need to accurately assess energy intake and adequately promote a dietary responsible lifestyle among children.

  19. Factors across home, work, and school domains influence nutrition and physical activity behaviors of nontraditional college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintiliani, Lisa M; Bishop, Hillary L; Greaney, Mary L; Whiteley, Jessica A

    2012-10-01

    Nontraditional college students (older, part-time, and/or working) have less healthful nutrition and physical activity behaviors compared to traditional students, yet few health promotion efforts focus on nontraditional students. The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to explore factors affecting nutrition and physical activity behaviors of nontraditional students. Fourteen semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with nontraditional undergraduate students attending a large university. The sample had a median age of 25 (range, 21-64), 57% were men, 43% were racial/ethnic minorities, and 57% were employed (mean 22 hours/week). Data were coded using a systematic team-based approach. Consistent themes (mentioned by 4+ students) were identified and categorized into three domains: home, work, and school. Home (themes: neighborhood characteristics, family, partners), work (theme: work environment), and school (themes: cafeteria, vending machines) factors consistently influenced positive nutrition behaviors. Similarly, home (themes: neighborhood including safety, friends from home, partner,), work (theme: work environment), and school (themes: not having a car, campus structure, campus gym, friends at school) factors consistently influenced positive physical activity. Financial resources and perceptions of autonomy had influence across domains. Results indicate consistent influences on nutrition and physical activity behaviors across home, work, and school domains for nontraditional college students. Study findings suggest possible, and sometimes unconventional, intervention strategies to promote healthful eating and physical activity. For example, when cafeteria meal plans are not offered and financial constraints limit eating at the cafeteria, encouraging healthful choices from vending machines could be preferable to not eating at all.

  20. Rationale, design and methods of the HEALTHY study nutrition intervention component.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillis, B; Mobley, C; Stadler, D D; Hartstein, J; Virus, A; Volpe, S L; El ghormli, L; Staten, M A; Bridgman, J; McCormick, S

    2009-08-01

    The HEALTHY study was a randomized, controlled, multicenter and middle school-based, multifaceted intervention designed to reduce risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes. The study randomized 42 middle schools to intervention or control, and followed students from the sixth to the eighth grades. Here we describe the design of the HEALTHY nutrition intervention component that was developed to modify the total school food environment, defined to include the following: federal breakfast, lunch, after school snack and supper programs; a la carte venues, including snack bars and school stores; vending machines; fundraisers; and classroom parties and celebrations. Study staff implemented the intervention using core and toolbox strategies to achieve and maintain the following five intervention goals: (1) lower the average fat content of foods, (2) increase the availability and variety of fruits and vegetables, (3) limit the portion sizes and energy content of dessert and snack foods, (4) eliminate whole and 2% milk and all added sugar beverages, with the exception of low fat or nonfat flavored milk, and limit 100% fruit juice to breakfast in small portions and (5) increase the availability of higher fiber grain-based foods and legumes. Other nutrition intervention component elements were taste tests, cafeteria enhancements, cafeteria line messages and other messages about healthy eating, cafeteria learning laboratory (CLL) activities, twice-yearly training of food service staff, weekly meetings with food service managers, incentives for food service departments, and twice yearly local meetings and three national summits with district food service directors. Strengths of the intervention design were the integration of nutrition with the other HEALTHY intervention components (physical education, behavior change and communications), and the collaboration and rapport between the nutrition intervention study staff members and food service personnel at both school

  1. Ablation of TRPM5 in Mice Results in Reduced Body Weight Gain and Improved Glucose Tolerance and Protects from Excessive Consumption of Sweet Palatable Food when Fed High Caloric Diets.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie H Larsson

    Full Text Available The calcium activated cation channel transient receptor potential channel type M5 (TRPM5 is part of the downstream machinery of the taste receptors and have been shown to play a central role in taste signalling. In addition it is also found in other types of chemosensory cells in various parts of the body as well as in pancreatic β-cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of TRPM5 gene ablation on body weight, insulin sensitivity and other metabolic parameters in long-term high caloric diet induced obesity. Trpm5-/- mice gained significantly less body weight and fat mass on both palatable carbohydrate and fat rich cafeteria diet and 60% high fat diet (HFD and developed less insulin resistance compared to wild type mice. A main finding was the clearly improved glucose tolerance in Trpm5-/- mice compared to wild type mice on cafeteria diet, which was independent of body weight. In addition, it was shown that Trpm5-/- mice consumed the same amount of calories when fed a HFD only or a HFD in combination with a palatable chocolate ball, which is in contrast to wild type mice that increased their caloric intake when fed the combination, mainly due to excessive consumption of the chocolate ball. Thus the palatable sugar containing diet induced overeating was prevented in Trpm5-/- mice. This indicates that sweet taste induced overeating may be a cause for the increased energy intake and glucose intolerance development seen for wild type mice on a sugar and high fat rich cafeteria diet compared to when on a high fat diet. This study point to an important role for the taste signalling system and TRPM5 in diet induced glucose intolerance.

  2. Ablation of TRPM5 in Mice Results in Reduced Body Weight Gain and Improved Glucose Tolerance and Protects from Excessive Consumption of Sweet Palatable Food when Fed High Caloric Diets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsson, Marie H; Håkansson, Pernilla; Jansen, Frank P; Magnell, Kerstin; Brodin, Peter

    2015-01-01

    The calcium activated cation channel transient receptor potential channel type M5 (TRPM5) is part of the downstream machinery of the taste receptors and have been shown to play a central role in taste signalling. In addition it is also found in other types of chemosensory cells in various parts of the body as well as in pancreatic β-cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of TRPM5 gene ablation on body weight, insulin sensitivity and other metabolic parameters in long-term high caloric diet induced obesity. Trpm5-/- mice gained significantly less body weight and fat mass on both palatable carbohydrate and fat rich cafeteria diet and 60% high fat diet (HFD) and developed less insulin resistance compared to wild type mice. A main finding was the clearly improved glucose tolerance in Trpm5-/- mice compared to wild type mice on cafeteria diet, which was independent of body weight. In addition, it was shown that Trpm5-/- mice consumed the same amount of calories when fed a HFD only or a HFD in combination with a palatable chocolate ball, which is in contrast to wild type mice that increased their caloric intake when fed the combination, mainly due to excessive consumption of the chocolate ball. Thus the palatable sugar containing diet induced overeating was prevented in Trpm5-/- mice. This indicates that sweet taste induced overeating may be a cause for the increased energy intake and glucose intolerance development seen for wild type mice on a sugar and high fat rich cafeteria diet compared to when on a high fat diet. This study point to an important role for the taste signalling system and TRPM5 in diet induced glucose intolerance.

  3. Survey of nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and intestinal parasites among food handlers working at Gondar University, Northwest Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagnew Mulat

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Food borne disease are major health problems in developing countries like Ethiopia. Food handlers with poor personal hygiene working in food establishments could be potential sources of disease due to pathogenic organisms. However; information on disease prevalence among food handlers working in University of Gondar cafeterias are very scarce. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus, their drug resistance pattern and prevalence of intestinal parasites among food handlers working in University of Gondar student’s cafeterias. Method A cross sectional study was conducted among food handlers working in University of Gondar student’s cafeterias. A pretested structured questionnaire was used for collecting data. Nasal swab and stool were investigated for S. aureus and intestinal parasites; respectively as per the standard of the laboratory methods. Results Among 200 food handlers, females comprised 171(85.5%. The majority (67.5% of the food-handlers were young adults aged 18–39 years. One hundred ninety four (97% of the food handlers were not certified as a food handler. Forty one (20.5% food handlers were positive for nasal carriage of S. aureus, of these 4(9.8% was resistant for methicilin. Giardia lamblia was the most prevalent parasites 22 (11%, followed by Ascaris lumbricoides 13(6.5%, Entamoeba histolytica 12 (6%, Strongyloides stercolaris (0.5, Taenia species 1(0.5% and Schistosoma mansoni 1(0.5%. Conclusion The finding stressed that food handlers with different pathogenic micro organisms may pose significant risk on the consumers. Higher officials should implement food handler’s training on food safety, periodic medical checkup and continuous monitoring of personal hygiene of food handlers.

  4. A tannin-blocking agent does not modify the preference of sheep towards tannin-containing plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Orduño, G; Torres-Acosta, J F J; Sandoval-Castro, C A; Capetillo-Leal, C M; Aguilar-Caballero, A J; Alonso-Díaz, M A

    2015-06-01

    Sheep have been suggested to use their senses to perceive plant properties and associate their intake with consequences after ingestion. However, sheep with browsing experience do not seem to select against tannin-rich browsing materials in cafeteria trials. Thus, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between the chemical composition, selectivity index (SI), preference and intake rate (IR) of tannin-containing forage trees offered to sheep in cafeteria experiments. Four trees were selected for their condensed tannin content and their varying biological activities. Havardia albicans (high biological activity), Leucaena leucocephala (medium biological activity), Acacia gaumeri (low biological activity) and Brosimum alicastrum (very low biological activity) were used in this study. Ten hair sheep (23.7kg±1.43LW) with eight months of browsing experience in native vegetation were used in this study. Polyethylene glycol (PEG 3600MW) was administered to five sheep during all experiments. In experiment 1, fresh foliage from all trees was offered ad libitum for 4h. In experiment 2, B. alicastrum was withdrawn and the preference was determined again. The forage preference in experiment 1 was A. gaumeri (14.77gDM/kgLW)>B. alicastrum (11.77gDM/kgLW)>H. albicans (3.71gDM/kgLW)=L. leucocephala (1.87gDM/kgLW) (PH. albicans=L. leucocephala. PEG administration had no effect on the preference or IR. The intake rate seemed to have been affected by the plant density. Moreover, fiber compounds were found to be better predictors of DM intake than polyphenolic compounds at levels typically found in the evaluated forages. It was concluded that tannins and PEG did not modify the preferences of sheep in cafeteria trials. Thus, tannins are not involved in the preference regulation of animals with browsing experience.

  5. Beyond Carrots and Sticks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reisch, Lucia A.; Sunstein, Cass R.; Gwozdz, Wencke

    2017-01-01

    All over the world, nations are using “health nudges” to promote healthier food choices and to reduce the health care costs of obesity and non-communicable diseases. In some circles, the relevant reforms are controversial. On the basis of nationally representative online surveys, we examine whether...... healthier food, sweet-free supermarket cashiers and meat-free days in cafeterias. At the same time, we find somewhat lower approval rates in Hungary and Denmark. An implication for policymakers is that citizens are highly likely to support health nudges. An implication for further research is the importance...

  6. a Dialog on Quantum Gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rovelli, Carlo

    The debate between loop quantum gravity and string theory is sometime lively, and it is hard to present an impartial view on the issue. Leaving any attempt to impartiality aside, I report here, instead, a conversation on this issue, overheard in the cafeteria of a Major American University. The personae of the dialog are Professor Simp, a high energy physicist, and a graduate student, Sal. The Professor has heard that Sal has decided to work in loop gravity, and gently tries to talk her out. Here is what was heard.

  7. APPLICATION OF LINEAR PROGRAMMING FOR DORMITORY DEVELOPMENT PLAN AT PETRA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Connie Susilawati

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Dormitory is a very important facility which have to be provided by a university. A survey to Petra Christian University’s students has been conducted to understand the required facilities and their financial ability. Linear programming has been used to calculate number of rooms and area of each facility which could satisfy the constraints and to obtain optimum profit. Number of bedrooms, number of bathrooms, and area of each facility, such as: living room, dining room, common room, cafeteria, book shop, mini market, phone booths, sport facilities, and parking space are recommended. Since the investment is financially feasible, the dormitory could be built in the future.

  8. 走进西班牙酒吧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楼星煌

    2005-01-01

    @@ 西班牙人称酒吧为BAR,也称为CERVECERIA(啤酒馆)、CAFETERIA(叻啡馆)和TABERNA(酒馆).在夏季或春秋晴朗的日子,还有一种叫做TERRAZA的露天酒吧,即将简易桌椅摆放到酒吧临近的广场或人行道上,人们边喝边欣赏街景,十分休闲怡然.

  9. Er etnisk identitet kun for minoriteter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steensen, Jette Johanne Elisabeth

    2010-01-01

    Kapitlet bygger på indsigter fra kritisk multikulturel pædagogik, som anvender racismebegrebet i bredere betydning end vi sædvanligvis forstår det i Danmark og spørger om ikke etniske minoriteter i Danmark kan siges at blive udsat for racisme. Kapitlet introducerer vigtige pointer fra Beverely Ta...... Tatums bog: " Why are all the black kids sitting together in the cafeteria? Tatum definerer begrebet racisme som et " system of advantage based on race" og pointen hermed er, at det ikke bare drejer sig om individuelle fordomme, men om strukturel ulighed....

  10. Level I Energy and Water Survey, ERDC-CERL, Champaign, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-12

    cafeteria sink, and an ice machine . The ice machine produces ~180 lbs of ice (21.6 gal) per day or 7.9 kgal/yr. The unit is an air- cooled model...these facilities currently receive very minimal electrical support from the Main Complex. The study identified nine economically viable energy...FY08 FY13 FY15 Qty GHG (MTCO2e) Qty GHG (MTCO2e) Qty GHG (MTCO2e) Fuel Oil #2 MMBtu Subject 163.80 12 105.00 8 105.00 8 Electricity MMBtu

  11. CrossTalk: The Journal of Defense Software Engineering. Volume 24, Number 1, Jan/Feb 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    model tells me to do.” He located an unused cafeteria as a working Skunk Works. His programming team cleaned up the tables and the floors and he brought...pure data mining products on the market , but they are typically very expensive. Some of the common techniques, however, are supported by basic...satisfaction. The goal of the analysis was to see if there were key factors that could be used to predict which group a client would fall in. This prediction

  12. Nourishing a partnership to improve middle school lunch options: a community-based participatory research project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reich, Stephanie M; Kay, Joseph S; Lin, Grace C

    2015-01-01

    Community-based participatory research is predicated on building partnerships that tackle important issues to the community and effectively improve these issues. Community-based participatory research can also be an empowering experience, especially for children. This article describes a university-community partnership in which students at a low-income middle school worked to improve the quality of the cafeteria food provided to the 986 students eligible for free and reduced price lunches. The project led to menu changes, improved communication between youth, school administrators, and district staff, and enabled youth to enact school improvements that were beneficial for their health.

  13. Children's body mass index, participation in school meals, and observed energy intake at school meals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mackelprang Alyssa J

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Data from a dietary-reporting validation study with fourth-grade children were analyzed to investigate a possible relationship of body mass index (BMI with daily participation in school meals and observed energy intake at school meals, and whether the relationships differed by breakfast location (classroom; cafeteria. Methods Data were collected in 17, 17, and 8 schools during three school years. For the three years, six, six, and seven of the schools had breakfast in the classroom; all other schools had breakfast in the cafeteria. Information about 180 days of school breakfast and school lunch participation during fourth grade for each of 1,571 children (90% Black; 53% girls was available in electronic administrative records from the school district. Children were weighed and measured, and BMI was calculated. Each of a subset of 465 children (95% Black; 49% girls was observed eating school breakfast and school lunch on the same day. Mixed-effects regression was conducted with BMI as the dependent variable and school as the random effect; independent variables were breakfast participation, lunch participation, combined participation (breakfast and lunch on the same day, average observed energy intake for breakfast, average observed energy intake for lunch, sex, age, breakfast location, and school year. Analyses were repeated for BMI category (underweight/healthy weight; overweight; obese; severely obese using pooled ordered logistic regression models that excluded sex and age. Results Breakfast participation, lunch participation, and combined participation were not significantly associated with BMI or BMI category irrespective of whether the model included observed energy intake at school meals. Observed energy intake at school meals was significantly and positively associated with BMI and BMI category. For the total sample and subset, breakfast location was significantly associated with BMI; average BMI was larger for

  14. Nudge to nobesity I: Minor changes in accessibility decrease food intake

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Very small but cumulated decreases in food intake may be sufficient to erase obesity over a period of years. We examine the effect of slight changes in the accessibility of different foods in a pay-by-weight-of-food salad bar in a cafeteria serving adults for the lunch period. Making a food slightly more difficult to reach (by varying its proximity by about 10 inches) or changing the serving utensil (spoon or tongs) modestly but reliably reduces intake, in the range of 8-16%. Given this effec...

  15. Consumer Evaluation of Cash Food Systems: Shaw Air Force Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-12-01

    X Clean/Dirty Silverware • X Clean/Dirty Trays » • Clean/Dirty Dishes and Glasses # * X Clean/Dirty Floors • » X Clean/Dirty Tables and Chairs...Dirty dishes and glasses i. Dirty floors a CD CD CD CD Clean floors 1- Dirty tables and chairs CD CD CD CD a Clean tables and chairs k. Brightly...to have an IN EXPENSIVE NOON or EVENING MEAL. Would you prefer a cafeteria, selfservice system or a waitress -service system? > > > li > 1i :i5 iV 15

  16. A Consumer Evaluation of Air Force Food Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-07-01

    dishes and glasses CD CD CD CD CD Dirty disSies and glasses i. Dirty floors CD CD CD CD CD Clean floors j...have decided to have an INEXPENSIVE NOON or EVENING MEAL. Would you prefer a cafeteria, self-service system or a waitress -service system? Self-service...345 > 2 E 4) 2 0 1 c O et 2 C Q CD CD CD a> ■Ii Waitress service 73 APPENDIX 11/ TABLE 28 Sex of Samples Male Female Totals Travis

  17. 熊本高専八代キャンパス女子寮増改築計画,北寮食堂周辺・中庭整備計画の提案

    OpenAIRE

    磯田, 節子; 五十川, 読

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the renovation plan of enlargement of our women’s dormitory with reference to Ochadai SCC and Kurume Kosen’s women’s dormitory. And also it discusses the improvement of our dormitory’s student cafeteria and courtyard. Recently female students are increasing and our women’s dormitory become short. On the other hand, our men’s dormitory is increasing vacancies. So, we have proposed the renovation of men’s dormitory to the women’s dormitory. The dormitory is the most importa...

  18. User-centric design of a personal assistance robot (FRASIER) for active aging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padir, Taşkin; Skorinko, Jeanine; Dimitrov, Velin

    2015-01-01

    We present our preliminary results from the design process for developing the Worcester Polytechnic Institute's personal assistance robot, FRASIER, as an intelligent service robot for enabling active aging. The robot capabilities include vision-based object detection, tracking the user and help with carrying heavy items such as grocery bags or cafeteria trays. This work-in-progress report outlines our motivation and approach to developing the next generation of service robots for the elderly. Our main contribution in this paper is the development of a set of specifications based on the adopted user-centered design process, and realization of the prototype system designed to meet these specifications.

  19. "Nutritional Wastelands": Vending Machines, Fast Food Outlets, and the Fight over Junk Food in Canadian Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gidney, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    In light of a growing obesity crisis among children and concern about junk food in schools, this article investigates the attempt by food and beverage companies to gain entry into Canadian schools. Focusing in particular on the introduction of fast-food franchises in cafeterias and on school boards' secret exclusivity deals with soft drink manufacturers in the 1990s, it examines how and why this process occurred, public reactions to it, and government responses. Placing this phenomenon within a larger pattern of commercialization in North American schools, it argues that long-lasting reforms require government intervention and enforcement.

  20. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE: WHITSUNTIDE WEEKEND

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Details of the arrangements to ensure the provision of a restaurant service during the Whitsuntide weekend are given below. On all the days indicated, hot meals will be served from 11h30 to 14h00 and 18h00 to 19h30. DATE RESTAURANT No. Opening times Saturday, June 7 1 08h00 - 21h00 2 and 3 closed Sunday, June 8 1 08h00 - 21h00 2 and 3 closed Monday, June 9 1 08h00 - 21h00 2 and 3 closed SATELLITE CAFETERIAS (Bldgs. 30, 40, 54) and the KIOSK will be closed on 7, 8 and 9 June.

  1. Feasibility Analysis of Laundry Lounge in Vietnam, Targeting Students : Start-up X, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Thi Cam Tu; Nguyen, Truong Minh Dang

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to propose a business idea – a laundry lounge for students in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. In order to achieve this aim, a feasibility analysis is applied to determine whether the laundry lounge, a combination of laundry and extra services such as cafeteria, reading room and free Wi-Fi, is promising for the target group. As a result, the objective of the thesis is to measure the feasibility of the laundry lounge model in the target market. The thesis is structured with four ...

  2. Human resource development in rural health care facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, L

    1991-01-01

    In this paper, human resource development problems facing rural health care facilities are identified and it is recognised that, particularly in the face of escalating demands for training arising from environmental pressures such as implementation of the structural efficiency principle, a coordinated approach to meet these problems is desirable. Such coordination is often sought via a regional staff development service. Accordingly, using the organisational life cycle as a conceptual framework, staff development services in five NSW health regions are examined. Ranging from a cafeteria style to a results-orientation, a diversity of strategic approaches to staff development is reflected.

  3. Survey of the Synanthropic Flies Associated with Human Habitations in Ubon Ratchathani Province of Northeast Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarinee Chaiwong

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Synanthropic fly surveys were performed to determine the species composition and abundance in Ubon Ratchathani province in Northeast Thailand. Adult fly collections were conducted in various human habitations from two districts—Muang Ubon Ratchathani and Warinchamrap, at fresh-food markets, garbage piles, restaurants, school cafeterias, and rice paddy fields. Customized reconstructable funnel fly traps baited with 250 g of 1-day tainted beef were used for fly collections from September 2010–February 2011. A total of 3,262 flies were captured, primarily consisting of three families including: Calliphoridae (6 species, Muscidae (3 species, and Sarcophagidae (11 species. The blow fly, Chrysomya megacephala, and the house fly, Musca domestica, were the dominant species collected from both districts at all collection sites. C. megacephala was predominant in paddy fields, restaurants and garbage piles, while M. domestica was numerically dominant in fresh-food markets and school cafeterias. The current survey identified various species of synanthropic flies with close associations to humans and with the ability to transmit human pathogens in Ubon Ratchathani province; providing crucial information that may be used for developing control and sanitation management plans in this particular area.

  4. Body Mass Index and Sociodemographic Predictors of School Lunch Purchase Behavior during a Year-Long Environmental Intervention in Middle School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacey A. Greece

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Modifying the school food environment is on the national agenda as one strategy to improve the nutritional quality of children’s diets. Because few environmental-level interventions have been rigorously evaluated, the evidence base to inform programs and policies is limited. Of concern is the impact that changes to cafeteria offerings will have on participation in school meal programs. This study evaluates school lunch participation in the setting of a year-long middle school cafeteria intervention by examining the association between body mass index (BMI, sociodemographics, and the purchases of school lunch meals. IMOVE meals were healthier choices that met stringent nutritional criteria and were offered alongside standard lunch meals. Students who were overweight had a significantly higher purchase rate for both types of meals compared to those with a healthy BMI. Non-white race, younger age, being male, and low-income status were also significantly associated with participation in school lunch. Results indicate that nutritionally vulnerable students participate in school lunch and are equally likely to buy healthy alternatives or standard meals. This behavioral observation has important implications for school foodservice programs and policies. These results are timely given recent federal legislation to improve the school food environment to influence students’ food choice behaviors.

  5. Calorie Labeling in a Rural Middle School Influences Food Selection: Findings from Community-Based Participatory Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Hunsberger

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Calorie labeling at the point-of-purchase in chain restaurants has been shown to reduce energy intake. Objective. To investigate the impact of point-of-purchase calorie information at one rural middle school. Methods. With a community-based participatory research framework a mixed method approach was used to evaluate the impact of point-of-purchase calorie information. Students in grades 6–8, dining at the school cafeteria January and February 2010, participated for 17 school days each month; in January a menu was offered in the usual manner without calorie labels; the same menu was prepared in February with the addition of calorie labels at point-of-purchase. Gross calories served per student were measured each day allowing for matched comparison by menu. In March/April of 2010, 32 students who ate in the cafeteria 3 or more times per week were interviewed regarding their views on menu labeling. Results. Calorie consumption decreased by an average of 47 calories/day; fat intake reduced by 2.1 grams/day. Five main themes were consistent throughout the interviews. Conclusion. Point-of-purchase calorie labels can play a role in reducing the number of calories consumed by middle school age children at the lunch. The majority of students interviewed found the calorie labels helped them choose healthier food.

  6. Measuring food intake with digital photography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, C K; Nicklas, T; Gunturk, B; Correa, J B; Allen, H R; Champagne, C

    2014-01-01

    The digital photography of foods method accurately estimates the food intake of adults and children in cafeterias. When using this method, images of food selection and leftovers are quickly captured in the cafeteria. These images are later compared with images of 'standard' portions of food using computer software. The amount of food selected and discarded is estimated based upon this comparison, and the application automatically calculates energy and nutrient intake. In the present review, we describe this method, as well as a related method called the Remote Food Photography Method (RFPM), which relies on smartphones to estimate food intake in near real-time in free-living conditions. When using the RFPM, participants capture images of food selection and leftovers using a smartphone and these images are wirelessly transmitted in near real-time to a server for analysis. Because data are transferred and analysed in near real-time, the RFPM provides a platform for participants to quickly receive feedback about their food intake behaviour and to receive dietary recommendations for achieving weight loss and health promotion goals. The reliability and validity of measuring food intake with the RFPM in adults and children is also reviewed. In sum, the body of research reviewed demonstrates that digital imaging accurately estimates food intake in many environments and it has many advantages over other methods, including reduced participant burden, elimination of the need for participants to estimate portion size, and the incorporation of computer automation to improve the accuracy, efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the method.

  7. Eating out or in from home: analyzing the quality of meal according eating locations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Henrique Bandoni

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of meals consumed by workers from São Paulo according to eating location. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used the 24-hour recall to collect dietary data from 815 workers, including where the meal was consumed, and then grouped the meals by eating location: home, workplace cafeteria, and restaurant. Meal quality was assessed according to energy content and density, fiber density, and proportion of macronutrients, 10 food groups, and from sugar-sweetened beverages. These indicators and their respective eating locations were then included in linear regression models adjusted for gender, age, and education level. RESULTS: Meals consumed at workplace cafeterias had lower energy density, higher fiber density, and higher proportions of vegetables, fruits, and beans than those consumed at home. However, away-from-home meals contain more sugars, sweets, fats, and oils. CONCLUSION: Eating location influences diet quality, so dietary surveys should assess meals consumed away from home more thoroughly since meal quality varies greatly by food service.

  8. Who's adopting the smarter lunchroom approach? Individual characteristics of innovative food service directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabrielyan, Gnel; Hanks, Drew S; Hoy, Kathryn; Just, David R; Wansink, Brian

    2017-02-01

    School cafeterias and, subsequently, food service directors (FSDs) play a vital role in feeding children in the U.S. This study investigates which FSDs with different characteristics and organizational affiliations are most willing to embrace and implement new programs in their cafeterias. In 2014 we surveyed a representative sample of 8143 school FSDs across the U.S. regarding their knowledge and use of innovative methods that encourage children to select healthy food options. Nearly all of the surveyed FSDs (93%) are aware of behavioral strategies to promote healthier eating in school lunchrooms, and nearly 93% report having made at least one change in their lunchroom. Male FSDs are more likely to be aware of new programs, though they are less likely to adopt them relative to female FSDs. In addition, membership in a professional organization increases awareness as well as the number of changes made by 0.14 (p<0.01). Finally, 22% of all respondents say they know about the Smarter Lunchrooms approach, a set of research-based lunchroom behavioral strategies that positively influence children to select healthy foods. The findings highlight the importance of participation in professional associations which provide career-building activities for school FSDs increasing awareness and adoption of innovative approaches to motivate children to eat the nutritious foods. Given these findings, there is reason for policy makers and school districts to consider allocating funds to encourage FSDs to engage more fully in professional association meetings and activities.

  9. Vector Potential of Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattidae) for Medically Important Bacteria at Food Handling Establishments in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belayneh, Fanuel; Kibru, Gebre

    2016-01-01

    Cockroaches have been regarded as possible vectors of human enteropathogens. Their presence and crawl particularly in food handling establishments could be risky for human health. Therefore, this study was done to determine the vector potential of cockroach for medically important bacterial pathogens in restaurants and cafeterias. A cross-sectional study was conducted on cockroaches from restaurants and cafeterias in Jimma town from May to September 2014. Standard taxonomic keys and microbiological techniques were applied for species identification and isolation. Data was analyzed in SPSS version 16.0. All cockroaches trapped were the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattidae). Escherichia coli was the most frequently isolated followed by Salmonella species (serogroups B, D, E, C1, and NG), Bacillus cereus, and Shigella flexneri. Wide varieties of bacteria of medical relevance were also identified. Of which, Klebsiella spp. 49(40.8%), Bacillus spp., and Staphylococcus saprophyticus were predominant. Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattidae) could serve as a potential vector for the dissemination of foodborne pathogens such as Salmonella spp., Shigella flexneri, E. coli, S. aureus, and B. cereus and these bacteria could be a major threat to public health. Therefore, environmental sanitation and standard hygiene need to be applied in the food handling establishments in that locality. PMID:27294115

  10. Using eDNA to experimentally test ungulate browsing preferences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Ruth V; Cromsigt, Joris P G M; Spong, Göran

    2015-01-01

    Large herbivores may affect ecosystem processes and states, but such effects can be difficult to quantify, especially within multispecies assemblages. To better understand such processes and improve our predictive ability of systems undergoing change, herbivore diets can be studied using controlled feeding trials (or cafeteria tests). With some wildlife, such as large herbivores, it is impractical to empirically verify these findings, because it requires visually observing animals in forested environments, which can disturb them from their natural behaviors. Yet, in field-based cafeteria trials it is nearly impossible to differentiate selection between herbivore species that forage on similar plants and make very similar bite marks. However, during browsing ungulates leave saliva residue which includes some buccal cells and DNA that can be extracted for species identification. Here we used a newly developed eDNA-based method (biteDNA) to test the browsing preferences of four sympatric ungulate species in the wild. Overall, food preferences varied between species, but all species strongly preferred deciduous over coniferous species. Our method allows the study of plant-animal interactions in multispecies assemblages at very fine detail.

  11. Plasma proteome profiles associated with diet-induced metabolic syndrome and the early onset of metabolic syndrome in a pig model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marinus F W te Pas

    Full Text Available Obesity and related diabetes are important health threatening multifactorial metabolic diseases and it has been suggested that 25% of all diabetic patients are unaware of their patho-physiological condition. Biomarkers for monitoring and control are available, but early stage predictive biomarkers enabling prevention of these diseases are still lacking. We used the pig as a model to study metabolic disease because humans and pigs share a multitude of metabolic similarities. Diabetes was chemically induced and control and diabetic pigs were either fed a high unsaturated fat (Mediterranean diet or a high saturated fat/cholesterol/sugar (cafeteria diet. Physiological parameters related to fat metabolism and diabetes were measured. Diabetic pigs' plasma proteome profiles differed more between the two diets than control pigs plasma proteome profiles. The expression levels of several proteins correlated well with (pathophysiological parameters related to the fat metabolism (cholesterol, VLDL, LDL, NEFA and diabetes (Glucose and to the diet fed to the animals. Studying only the control pigs as a model for metabolic syndrome when fed the two diets showed correlations to the same parameters but now more focused on insulin, glucose and abdominal fat depot parameters. We conclude that proteomic profiles can be used as a biomarker to identify pigs with developing metabolic syndrome (prediabetes and diabetes when fed a cafeteria diet. It could be developed into a potential biomarkers for the early recognition of metabolic diseases.

  12. Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keloglu-Isler, Esra; Erdogan, Irfan

    Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male) attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

  13. Seed Selection by the Harvester Ant Pogonomyrmex rugosus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Coastal Sage Scrub: Interactions With Invasive Plant Species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, C M; Redak, R A

    2016-08-01

    Harvester ants can be the dominant seed predators on plants by collecting and eating seeds and are known to influence plant communities. Harvester ants are abundant in coastal sage scrub (CSS), and CSS is frequently invaded by several exotic plant species. This study used observations of foraging and cafeteria-style experiments to test for seed species selection by the harvester ant Pogonomyrmex rugosus Emery (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in CSS. Analysis of foraging behavior showed that P. rugosus carried seeds of exotic Erodium cicutarium (L.) and exotic Brassica tournefortii (Gouan) on 85 and 15% of return trips to the nest (respectively), and only a very few ants carried the native seeds found within the study areas. When compared with the availability of seeds in the field, P. rugosus selected exotic E. cicutarium and avoided both native Encelia farinosa (Torrey & A. Gray) and exotic B. tournefortii. Foraging by P. rugosus had no major effect on the seed bank in the field. Cafeteria-style experiments confirmed that P. rugosus selected E. cicutarium over other available seeds. Native Eriogonum fasciculatum (Bentham) seeds were even less selected than E. farinosa and B. tournefortii.

  14. Adiposity dependent apelin gene expression: relationships with oxidative and inflammation markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Díaz, Diego; Campión, Javier; Milagro, Fermín I; Martínez, Jose A

    2007-11-01

    It has been reported that apelin functions as an adipokine, which has been associated to obesity and insulin resistance. The objective of this study was to analyze the apelin mRNA expression in white adipose tissue (WAT) from high-fat (Cafeteria) fed rats, in order to examine potential relationships with obesity markers and other related risk factors. Animals fed on the high-fat diet during 56 days increased their body weight, total body fat and WAT depots weights when compared to controls. Apelin subcutaneous mRNA expression was higher in the Cafeteria than in the Control fed group and this increase was partially reversed by dietary vitamin C supplementation. Statistically significant associations between subcutaneous apelin gene expression and almost all the studied variables were identified, being of special interest the correlations found with serum leptin (r=0.517), liver malondialdehyde (MDA) levels (r=0.477), and leptin, IRS-3 and IL-1ra retroperitoneal mRNA expression (r=0.701; r=0.692 and r=0.561, respectively). These associations evidence a possible role for apelin in the excessive weight gain induced by high-fat feeding and increased adiposity, insulin-resistance, liver oxidative stress and inflammation.

  15. Some cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors-related genes are regulated by vitamin C in a model of diet-induced obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boqué, Noemí; Campión, Javier; Milagro, Fermín Ignacio; Moreno-Aliaga, Maria-Jesús; Martinez, José Alfredo

    2009-08-01

    The aim of this research was to investigate differential gene expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs) in white adipose tissue (WAT) and liver from high-fat fed male Wistar rats with or without vitamin C (VC) supplementation (750 mg/kg of body weight). After 56 d of experimentation, animals fed on a cafeteria diet increased significantly body weights and total body fat. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) studies showed that cafeteria diet decreased p21 and p57 mRNA expression in subcutaneous WAT and increased p21 mRNA in liver. Overall, these data provide new information about the role of high fat intake on mRNA levels of several CKIs with implications in adipogenesis, cell metabolism and weight homeostasis. Interestingly, VC supplementation partially prevented diet-induced adiposity and increased p27 mRNA in liver without any changes in the other tissues and genes analyzed. Thus, hepatic mRNA changes induced by ascorbic acid indicate a possible role of these genes in diet-induced oxidative stress processes.

  16. Density of biofuel in function of temperature; Densidade de biocombustiveis em funcao da temperatura

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Melina C.J.; Lopes, Afonso [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (FCAV/UNESP), Jaboticabal, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Ciencias Agrarias e Veterinarias. Dept. de Engenharia Rural], email: melina_cais@yahoo.com.br; Camara, Felipe T. [Universidade Federal do Ceara (UFC), Cariri, CE (Brazil); Lima, Leomar P. [Instituto Federal do Triangulo Mineiro (IFTM), Uberlandia, MG (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Considering the oil a non-renewable natural resource, Biodiesel is an alternative fuel, the same being renewable, biodegradable and made from vegetable oil or residual transesterified with anhydrous alcohol in the presence of a catalyst. This study aimed to evaluate the density of biodiesel methyl filtered residual oil from the university cafeteria, biodiesel methyl filtered hydrogenated fat residual McDonald's and the density of the mixture of 50% of residual oil from the university cafeteria with 50% of hydrogenated fat residual McDonald's all a function of temperature (10 deg C to 70 deg C). The experiment was conducted at the Agricultural Engineering Department of UNESP-Jaboticabal, SP. Was used 3x13x7 factorial experimental design, which represent three types of biodiesel, 13 July and the temperatures of the mixtures. We conclude that the residual oil biodiesel university restaurant density was lower, while biodiesel from hydrogenated fat from McDonald's and the mixture had higher densities, but differ from each other. The diesel (B0) had the lowest density and Biodiesel (B100) the largest. The B0 and B5 blends did not differ regarding density, but differed from the mix B15, B25, B50, B75 and B100. For all the mixtures tested, with the increase of temperature decreased the density. (author)

  17. The influence of a verbal prompt on school lunch fruit consumption: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schwartz Marlene B

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background: This study evaluated an environmental intervention intended to increase consumption of the fruit serving among elementary school children participating in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP. Methods: Children's fruit consumption was measured in two schools by observation. In the intervention school, cafeteria workers provided the verbal prompt, "Would you like fruit or juice with your lunch?" as the children stood in line in front of the fruit serving options. The control school had the same fruit and 100% juice options available, but the cafeteria workers did not provide a verbal prompt to take a fruit serving. Two variables were assessed: (1 Did children leave the lunch line with a fruit serving on their trays? and (2 Did they subsequently eat the fruit serving? Results: The average percentage of children who took a fruit serving was 60% in the control school and 90% in the intervention school. In both schools, approximately 80% of children ate the fruit on their tray. As a result, nearly 70% of the children in the intervention school consumed a fruit serving at lunch, while fewer than 40% did so in the control school. Conclusion: A simple verbal prompt appears to have a significant impact on the likelihood that children will take, and subsequently consume, a fruit serving as part of their purchased school lunch. If these findings are replicated, policymakers may consider adding verbal prompts to the serving policy of the NSLP in an effort to increase fruit consumption among school children.

  18. Is sensory-specific satiety for a bitter-sweet infusion modulated by context?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Burgos, David; Secchiari, Florencia; Calviño, Amalia

    2015-03-01

    The sensory-affective attributes of beverages have an important influence on a given intake and successive consumptions because of sensory-specific satiety (SSS; defined as a decrease in pleasantness ratings of a food eaten relative to uneaten foods). No studies have, however, investigated how multiple sessions of SSS for familiar drinks over a period of several days up to a week may change their pleasantness and how these hedonic-related judgments are affected by the context during SSS testing. With twenty-six participants, the present study explored the medium lasting and contextual effects of repeated SSS sessions for a bitter-sweet infusion on olfactory and flavour pleasantness over the course of three exposures in either a laboratory or a cafeteria setting. The results showed olfactory and flavour SSS for the infusion following each consumption in both the artificial and the natural setting. More interestingly, despite the failure to detect medium-term SSS (i.e., a greater decrease in pleasantness ratings of a food eaten relative to uneaten foods after repeated SSS sessions over several days as compared to the first SSS session), a contextual modulation of olfactory SSS was observed with a lesser overall magnitude in the cafeteria compared to the laboratory setting. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of eating location on the development of satiation and the differential contextual sensitivity of SSS for orthonasal odours and flavours has not been reported previously. The implications of potential environmental control of SSS are considered in this study.

  19. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE: ASCENSION AND WHITSUNTIDE WEEKENDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Restaurant Supervisory Committee

    2001-01-01

    Details of the arrangements to ensure the provision of a restaurant service during the Ascension and Whitsuntide weekends are given below. On all the days indicated, hot meals will be served from 11h30 to 14h00 and 18h00 to 19h30. RESTAURANT CAFETERIAS PERIPHERIQUES SATELLITE CAFETERIAS KIOSQUE No. Horaire Opening times Horaire : comme d'habitude Usual opening times   ASCENSION         Jeudi 24 mai 1       Thursday, May 24 2 08h00 - 21h00 3           Vendredi 25 mai 1   Bâts. /Bldgs 6 13 17 40Bâts. /Bldgs. 30 54 Bâts. /Bldgs 864 08h00 — 17h00 Friday, May 25 2 07h00 - 21h00   3 07h00 - 18h00           Samedi 26 mai 1 07h00 - 23h00     Saturday, May 26 2   3           Dimanche 27 mai 1 07h00 - 23h00     Sunday, May 27 2   3                   PENTECOTE WHITSUNTIDE         Samedi 2 juin 1 08h00 - 21h00     Saturday, June 2 2   3           Dimanche 3 juin 1 08h00 — 21h00     Sunday, Jun...

  20. Effects of a high-caloric diet and physical exercise on brain metabolite levels: a combined proton MRS and histologic study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auer, Matthias K; Sack, Markus; Lenz, Jenny N; Jakovcevski, Mira; Biedermann, Sarah V; Falfán-Melgoza, Claudia; Deussing, Jan; Steinle, Jörg; Bielohuby, Maximilian; Bidlingmaier, Martin; Pfister, Frederik; Stalla, Günter K; Ende, Gabriele; Weber-Fahr, Wolfgang; Fuss, Johannes; Gass, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Excessive intake of high-caloric diets as well as subsequent development of obesity and diabetes mellitus may exert a wide range of unfavorable effects on the central nervous system (CNS). It has been suggested that one mechanism in this context is the promotion of neuroinflammation. The potentially harmful effects of such diets were suggested to be mitigated by physical exercise. Here, we conducted a study investigating the effects of physical exercise in a cafeteria-diet mouse model on CNS metabolites by means of in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1HMRS). In addition postmortem histologic and real-time (RT)-PCR analyses for inflammatory markers were performed. Cafeteria diet induced obesity and hyperglycemia, which was only partially moderated by exercise. It also induced several changes in CNS metabolites such as reduced hippocampal glutamate (Glu), choline-containing compounds (tCho) and N-acetylaspartate (NAA)+N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamic acid (NAAG) (tNAA) levels, whereas opposite effects were seen for running. No association of these effects with markers of central inflammation could be observed. These findings suggest that while voluntary wheel running alone is insufficient to prevent the unfavorable peripheral sequelae of the diet, it counteracted many changes in brain metabolites. The observed effects seem to be independent of neuroinflammation. PMID:25564238

  1. Process and Outcomes From a Youth-Led Campaign to Address Healthy Eating in an Urban High School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frerichs, Leah; Sjolie, Sarah; Curtis, Matthew; Peterson, Melissa; Huang, Terry T-K

    2015-12-01

    This article describes a pilot youth advocacy initiative for obesity prevention informed by social cognitive theory, social network theory, and theories of community mobilization. With assistance from school and health leaders, adolescent-aged youth led a cafeteria food labeling and social marketing campaign. We implemented an anonymous survey 2 weeks prior to and again at the conclusion of the campaign, and used cafeteria records to track servings of fruits and vegetables. The campaign resulted in a significant increase in youths' confidence to identify healthy foods (OR 1.97, 95 % CI 1.01, 3.84, p = .048), and a significant increase in per person per day servings of fruits (0.02, p = .03) and vegetables (0.01, p = .02). The results of our pilot were promising, and the integration of concepts from multiple theories benefited the implementation process. Obesity prevention initiatives should include strategies that encourage youth to create health promotion community networks and lead changes to their social and physical environments.

  2. Short-chain fructooligosaccharides do not alter glucose homeostasis but improve the lipid profile in obese rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Soares da Silva-Morita

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study investigated the effects of short-chain fructooligosaccharides (scFOS feeding on body weight, fat accumulation, glucose homeostasis and lipid profile in cafeteria (CAF obese rats. Male Wistar rats were divided randomly into two groups: control group (CTL, n = 10, which received a chow diet and water and CAF (n = 20, which received the cafeteria diet, standard chow and soda. After 30 weeks of diet, 10 animals of CAF group received scFOS in the diet (50 g kg-1 of diet over a period of 50 days, forming the CAF FOS group. Were evaluated the body weight, fat pad as well as, quantity of feces, glucose tolerance, insulin resistance (IR and serum lipids levels. Animals submitted to the CAF diet displayed obesity, hyperglycemia, glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia and IR. The scFOS feeding   not altered obesity, glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia and IR. CAF rats also presented hypertriglyceridemia and lower levels of HDL-cholesterol. The CAF FOS animals had reduced serum triglycerides (TG and increased HDL-cholesterol. Thus, the use of scFOS in the diet can be considered as a hypolipidemic agent in the obese state.

  3. Plasma proteome profiles associated with diet-induced metabolic syndrome and the early onset of metabolic syndrome in a pig model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    te Pas, Marinus F W; Koopmans, Sietse-Jan; Kruijt, Leo; Calus, Mario P L; Smits, Mari A

    2013-01-01

    Obesity and related diabetes are important health threatening multifactorial metabolic diseases and it has been suggested that 25% of all diabetic patients are unaware of their patho-physiological condition. Biomarkers for monitoring and control are available, but early stage predictive biomarkers enabling prevention of these diseases are still lacking. We used the pig as a model to study metabolic disease because humans and pigs share a multitude of metabolic similarities. Diabetes was chemically induced and control and diabetic pigs were either fed a high unsaturated fat (Mediterranean) diet or a high saturated fat/cholesterol/sugar (cafeteria) diet. Physiological parameters related to fat metabolism and diabetes were measured. Diabetic pigs' plasma proteome profiles differed more between the two diets than control pigs plasma proteome profiles. The expression levels of several proteins correlated well with (patho)physiological parameters related to the fat metabolism (cholesterol, VLDL, LDL, NEFA) and diabetes (Glucose) and to the diet fed to the animals. Studying only the control pigs as a model for metabolic syndrome when fed the two diets showed correlations to the same parameters but now more focused on insulin, glucose and abdominal fat depot parameters. We conclude that proteomic profiles can be used as a biomarker to identify pigs with developing metabolic syndrome (prediabetes) and diabetes when fed a cafeteria diet. It could be developed into a potential biomarkers for the early recognition of metabolic diseases.

  4. Vector Potential of Blattella germanica (L. (Dictyoptera: Blattidae for Medically Important Bacteria at Food Handling Establishments in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fithamlak Solomon

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cockroaches have been regarded as possible vectors of human enteropathogens. Their presence and crawl particularly in food handling establishments could be risky for human health. Therefore, this study was done to determine the vector potential of cockroach for medically important bacterial pathogens in restaurants and cafeterias. A cross-sectional study was conducted on cockroaches from restaurants and cafeterias in Jimma town from May to September 2014. Standard taxonomic keys and microbiological techniques were applied for species identification and isolation. Data was analyzed in SPSS version 16.0. All cockroaches trapped were the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L. (Dictyoptera: Blattidae. Escherichia coli was the most frequently isolated followed by Salmonella species (serogroups B, D, E, C1, and NG, Bacillus cereus, and Shigella flexneri. Wide varieties of bacteria of medical relevance were also identified. Of which, Klebsiella spp. 49(40.8%, Bacillus spp., and Staphylococcus saprophyticus were predominant. Blattella germanica (L. (Dictyoptera: Blattidae could serve as a potential vector for the dissemination of foodborne pathogens such as Salmonella spp., Shigella flexneri, E. coli, S. aureus, and B. cereus and these bacteria could be a major threat to public health. Therefore, environmental sanitation and standard hygiene need to be applied in the food handling establishments in that locality.

  5. Prevalence of outsourcing and perception of clinical nutrition managers on performance of health care dietetics services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Junehee; Yoon, Barbara J H

    2003-08-01

    A nationwide survey of clinical dietitians and clinical nutrition managers was conducted to assess the prevalence of outsourcing in health care dietetics services and to evaluate perceived performance of dietetics services. A questionnaire was developed, validated by an expert panel, and pilot tested prior to data collection. Members of the Clinical Nutrition Management Dietetic Practice Group (N=1,668) were selected as the study sample. Of 431 respondents, 152 (35.3%) indicated that management of both patient and cafeteria foodservices was outsourced. When mean scores of perceived performance ratings were compared using t test, respondents from self-operated facilities rated several items related to patient and cafeteria food quality and material and human resource utilization higher than respondents at contract-managed facilities. No significant differences were found in performance related to decision-making process, buying power, or training programs. Results suggest that careful weighing of advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing is needed before making decisions regarding outsourcing dietetics services.

  6. Effect of diet-induced obesity on kinetic parameters of amino acid uptake by rat erythrocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picó, C; Pons, A; Palou, A

    1992-11-01

    The effects of cafeteria diet-induced obesity upon in vitro uptake of L-Alanine, Glycine, L-Lysine, L-Glutamine, L-Glutamic acid, L-Phenylalanine and L-Leucine by isolated rat erythrocytes have been studied. The total Phe and Leu uptakes followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The Glu uptake was fitted to diffusion kinetics. The uptakes of Ala, Gly, Lys and Gln were best explained by a two-component transport: one saturable and one diffusion. Obesity increased the Km value for Ala, Gln and Leu, and the Vmax value for Ala, but decreased the Vmax for Lys. Kinetic parameters of Phe uptake were unaffected by obesity. In addition, the pseudo-first order rate constant (Vmax/Km) for Ala, Gly, Gln, Lys and Leu uptake decreased as a result of cafeteria diet-induced obesity. The Kd value for Ala, Gly, Gln and Glu decreased and that of Lys increased as result of obesity. These adaptations could, at least in part, explain alterations in amino acid distribution between blood cells and plasma related to overfeeding or obesity.

  7. [The specificity of children and adolescent eating habits (data for schoolchildren in Moscow and Murmansk)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleksandrov, A A; Poriadina, G I; Kotova, M B; Ivanova, E I

    2014-01-01

    Objective of the study is to evaluate the specificity of schoolchildren's eating behavior in the cities of Moscow and Murmansk. Dietary habits of 785 children 10-17 years old residing in two cities--Moscow (222 boys and 221 girls, 14.1 ± 1.9 years old) and Murmansk (183 and 159 correspondingly, 14.1 ± 1.8 years old)--were analyzed. The questionnaire included data on the meals ratio per day, frequency of vegetables and fruit intake, fast-food intake, hot meals, soft drinks, meat, fish and milk intake, usage of school cafeteria, regularity of breakfasts. Parents responded to questions concerning the materialsupport of family and education. It was found that more than half of schoolchildren (64.4%) had meals irregularly (3 times per day or less), only 50.9% received hot meals several times a day. Every third child (31.6%) has insufficient intake of vegetables and fruit, 11.8%--insufficient intake of meat dishes. Only 51.4% of schoolchildren consumed dairy products daily (one or several times a day). At the same time 19.5% of children used fast-food products several times a week or more often, 42.2%--carbonated drinks, and 22.7%--smoked food. Only 45.7% of schoolchildren regularly ate at school caf- eteria; 21.9% did it irregularly and 32.5%--did not attend school canteen at all. There were no significant differences between Moscow and Murmansk children as well as gender differences in the usage of school cafeteria. At the same time only 23.4% of children [26.3% in Moscow and 19.3% in Murmansk (significantly less, p = 0.032)] liked cafeteria food, 38.7% did not like and 37.9% had no certain answer. Less obese children (54.0%) have breakfast everyday than children with normal weight (75.4%, p = 0.019). Children of mothers with high and incomplete high education (89.4%) have more regular meat intake (3-4 times per week or more often) than the children of mothers with secondary, incomplete secondary and secondary special education (81.9%, p = 0.034). Schoolchildren

  8. Equal and universal access?: water at mealtimes, inequalities, and the challenge for schools in poor and rural communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, Sarah M; Stafford, Randall

    2013-05-01

    As a result of the rising national obesity rates, public health researchers and advocates have initiated a number of obesity prevention interventions to reduce the rates of overweight and obesity along with their related medical conditions and costs. Policymakers have also initiated a wide range of environmental and policies to support healthy eating and physical activity. Policies such as California's SB1413, which requires that free drinking water be served in school cafeterias during mealtimes, and subsequently the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, assume an equal access to safe and healthy drinking water. As a result, these policies and their application may unintentionally, exacerbate the inequities already present. Unless we take reasonable steps to address the needs of high-need communities, these one-size-fits-all policy efforts may result in an unequal patchwork of disparities and may have a greater negative impact in high-need poor and rural areas.

  9. Public buildings: what will change in the regulation; ERP: ce qui va changer dans la reglementation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buchin, Th.

    2000-09-01

    The new French official texts about the safety regulations of electrical installations and lighting systems in public buildings will be published soon. This technical supplement to the August-September 2000 issue of J3E summarizes the main modifications given to the previous texts concerning the fire resistance of materials, conductors and cables, and of electrotechnical equipments, and the conformability of lighting systems (ambient and emergency lighting). Specific rules are detailed for each type of building: conference, show and meeting rooms, shops and commercial centers, restaurants and cafeterias, hotels and guest houses, dancing and game halls, schools and recreational centers, libraries, exhibition halls, medical centers, big tops and tents etc.. (J.S.)

  10. Jeunes du Mékong et intégration

    CERN Multimedia

    Jeunes du Mékong et intégration

    2010-01-01

    Marché d’artisanat du Vietnam de l’Association Jeunes du Mékong et Intégration. Le mardi 4 mai, nous serons dans le hall devant la cafeteria. Ce sera avec grand plaisir que nous vous proposerons nos différents produits du Vietnam en faveur des enfants défavorisés du Vietnam. Profitez de cette occasion pour faire vos petits, ou plus grands cadeaux pour la Fête des mères ! Nous vous présenterons les différents nouveaux projets soutenus par l’association dans des dossiers illustrés et vous aurez l’occasion de rencontrer notre chef de projet pour en discuter.  

  11. The development of professional competences using the interdisciplinary project approach with university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mònica González-Carrasco

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This work describes an experience conducted by a group of professors from different departments at the University of Girona (Catalonia, Spain which arose from the need for interdisciplinary work in university classrooms in order to promote competences relevant to the professional sector. As part of this experience, students from different degree programs were challenged to work collaboratively and in an interdisciplinary manner on a project related to the management of a school cafeteria designed for a real educational center. The work promoted the development of competences that are otherwise difficult to attain through activities that lack an interdisciplinary approach, which are key in today's professional world, such as multi-professional teamwork. Based on this experience, the feasibility of students from different areas of study carrying out a final degree project (FDP that meets real, contextualized needs and requires the contribution of knowledge from different disciplines is considered.

  12. Food Quality Safety Evaluation Model in College Canteens Based on the Improved AHP-taking Bengbu College as an Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huaxi Chen

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Based on the results of investigation and the suggestion from the experts, the factors influencing the college canteen food quality and safety are found and assessment system for university cafeteria food quality and safety is constructed. With the improved Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP to the various indexes for the empowerment and the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, the university canteen food quality and safety evaluation method is created. Then based on the example from Bengbu College, the solution of the model is provided, thus it is concluded that the process management factors, food factors and environmental factors, make the biggest influence on the canteen food quality and safety. Meanwhile, the extent of the influence of the second level factor on the canteen food quality and safety is identified and further it should be paid a greater attention to the several factors in order to improve the status of the food quality and safety condition.

  13. Examining the Aftereffects of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans: A Qualitative Study of Faculty and Staff Perceptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joy J. Burnham

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Researchers have reported how Hurricane Katrina has affected teachers who work with Kindergarten to Grade 12 (K-12, yet little is known about how the natural disaster has affected other important K-12 faculty and staff (e.g., coaches, librarians, school counselors, and cafeteria workers. Missing from the literature is the impact that this natural disaster has had on these formal (school counselors and informal (coaches, librarians helpers of K-12 students. Using a focus group methodology, the authors examined the aftereffects of Hurricane Katrina on 12 school employees in New Orleans, Louisiana, 18 months after the hurricane. Informed by qualitative content analysis, three emergent themes were identified: emotion-focused aftereffects, positive coping, and worry and fear. The implications for future research and promoting hope in mental health counseling are discussed.

  14. 钢梁与钢骨柱框架在大跨度屋面结构上的应用%Application of steel beam and steel reinforced concrete column frame in long-span roof structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈兴雷

    2015-01-01

    以某中学食堂、风雨操场项目为例,通过对整个建筑结构设计要求的分析,采用了钢梁与钢骨柱框架结构的方法,实践表明采用该方法解决了结构受力的难题,同时经济美观。%Taking a middle school cafeteria,gymnasium project as an example,through the analysis on overall building structure design require-ments,adopted the method combining with the steel beam and steel reinforced concrete column frame structure,the practice showed that using this method solved the problem of structure stress,at the same time,economic and beautiful.

  15. 浅谈如何提升单位食堂大锅菜的品质与营养%How to improve the quality of Da Guocai canteens and nutrition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹亚光

    2015-01-01

    省级广电集团食堂承担着每天2000多人次三餐的重任,为了保障员工身体健康、保证宣传报道工作正常进行,想方设法做好食堂的大锅菜,让记者、主持人、技术等人员吃到可口营养的饭菜。%Provincial Broadcasting Group cafeteria bears more than 2,000 people three meals a day task, in order to protect the health of employees, to ensure that media coverage of work carried out, trying to do the canteen Da Guocai, let reporters, presenters, technical and other personnel to eat to delicious nutritious meals.

  16. 小短语吃遍大天下

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    May

    2010-01-01

    民以食为天,就餐也是海外学子的头等大事之一。在EF英孚的海外国际语言学校,你可以选择就餐于入住的寄宿家庭(Host Family),也可以在校内的餐厅(Cafeteria or Canteen)用餐,还可以点外卖(Takeaway)。抑或去校外的餐馆(Restaurant)吃上一顿。就让小编介绍几种在海外就餐的不同情况及实用短语给大家吧!

  17. Serving first in isolation increases vegetable intake among elementary schoolchildren.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redden, Joseph P; Mann, Traci; Vickers, Zata; Mykerezi, Elton; Reicks, Marla; Elsbernd, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    Many people want to eat healthier, but they often fail in these attempts. We report two field studies in an elementary school cafeteria that each demonstrate children eat more of a vegetable (carrots, broccoli) when we provide it first in isolation versus alongside other more preferred foods. We propose this healthy first approach succeeds by triggering one's inherent motivation to eat a single food placed in front of them, and works even though they have prior knowledge of the full menu available and no real time constraints. Consistent with this theory, and counter to simple contrast effects, an additional lab study found that presenting a food first in isolation had the unique ability to increase intake whether the food was healthy (carrots) or less healthy (M&M's). Our findings demonstrate the effectiveness of this simple intervention in promoting healthier eating, which should interest consumers, food marketers, health professionals, and policy makers.

  18. A comparison of cold flow properties of biodiesel produced from virgin and used frying oil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al-Shanableh, Filiz [Food Engineering Department, Near East University (Cyprus); Evcil, Ali; Govsa, Cemal [Mechanical Engineering Department, Near East University (Cyprus); Savasdylmac, Mahmut A. [Mechanical Engineering Department, Booazici University (Turkey)

    2011-07-01

    Bio-diesel can be produced from different kinds of feedstock. The purpose of this paper is to research and make the comparison of the cold flow properties of bio-diesel produced from refined-virgin frying vegetable oil (RVFVO) and waste frying vegetable oil (WFVO). As is known, bio-diesel fuel will have higher cloud points (CP), cold filter plugging points (CFPP) and pour points (PP) if it is derived from fat or oil which consists of significant amounts of saturated fatty compounds. Both RVFVO and WFVO were derived from the same cafeteria on a Near East University campus and converted to biodiesel fuel through base catalyzed transesterification reaction. As the current results show, there is no considerable difference in cold flow properties of the bio-diesel produced from RVFVO and WFVO. So WFVO seems be better positioned to serve as raw material in biodiesel production because of its lower cost and its environmental benefits.

  19. Contrasting effects of cold acclimation versus obesogenic diets on chemerin gene expression in brown and brite adipose tissues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Ida R; Jansson, Kim M; Cannon, Barbara; Nedergaard, Jan

    2014-12-01

    Based on results from a signal sequence trap, we investigated chemerin gene expression in brown adipose tissue. Male NMRI mice were exposed to 30, 22 or 4 °C for 3 weeks, or were fed control (chow) diet, cafeteria diet or high-fat diet at thermoneutrality for the same time. In brown adipose tissue, cold acclimation strongly diminished chemerin gene expression, whereas obesogenic diets augmented expression. Qualitatively, changes in expression were paralleled in brite/beige adipose tissues (e.g. inguinal), whereas white adipose tissue (epididymal) and muscle did not react to these cues. Changes in tissue expression were not directly paralleled by alterations in plasma levels. Both these intact animal studies and brown adipocyte cell culture studies indicated that the gene expression regulation was not congruent with a sympathetic/adrenergic control. The data are discussed in relation to suggested endocrine, paracrine and autocrine effects of chemerin.

  20. Nudge to nobesity I: Minor changes in accessibility decrease food intake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Rozin

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Very small but cumulated decreases in food intake may be sufficient to erase obesity over a period of years. We examine the effect of slight changes in the accessibility of different foods in a pay-by-weight-of-food salad bar in a cafeteria serving adults for the lunch period. Making a food slightly more difficult to reach (by varying its proximity by about 10 inches or changing the serving utensil (spoon or tongs modestly but reliably reduces intake, in the range of 8-16%. Given this effect, it is possible that making calorie-dense foods less accessible and low-calorie foods more accessible over an extended period of time would result in significant weight loss.

  1. KSC-04PD-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. Astronaut Leland Melvin joins students in the cafeteria at Gainesville Elementary School, a NASA Explorer School in Gainesville, Ga. Melvin joined Jim Jennings, deputy associate administrator for Institutions and Asset Management at NASA Headquarters, on the visit to the school to share the new vision for space exploration with the next generation of explorers. Melvin talked about the importance of teamwork and what it takes for mission success. Also visiting was KSC Deputy Director Woodrow Whitlow Jr., who talked with students about our destiny as explorers, NASAs stepping stone approach to exploring Earth, the Moon, Mars and beyond, how space impacts our lives, and how people and machines rely on each other in space.

  2. KSC-04PD-2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. Astronaut Leland Melvin talks to students in the cafeteria at Gainesville Elementary School, a NASA Explorer School in Gainesville, Ga. Melvin joined Jim Jennings, deputy associate administrator for Institutions and Asset Management at NASA Headquarters, on the visit to the school to share the new vision for space exploration with the next generation of explorers. Melvin talked about the importance of teamwork and what it takes for mission success. Also visiting was KSC Deputy Director Woodrow Whitlow Jr., who talked with students about our destiny as explorers, NASAs stepping stone approach to exploring Earth, the Moon, Mars and beyond, how space impacts our lives, and how people and machines rely on each other in space.

  3. Studio with a view

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoover, Anthony K.

    2003-04-01

    Berklee College of Music (in Boston) needed a new studio in which to teach stereo mixing and critical listening. A small synthesis lab (adjacent to the main lobby, directly over the cafeteria kitchen, penetrated by exhaust ducts, and next to a bathroom) was chosen for renovation. The primary requirements were for maximum visibility to assure hopeful future engineers a full view of all the cool gear, and comfortable seating for fifteen students. The challenges, to be discussed, included isolation with a view, quiet HVAC, and great sound, in a space that was acoustically too small and in the wrong place. The best verification of success is its popularity, which has prevented the author from booking time for listening or testing.

  4. Summary of radioactive solid waste received in the 200 areas during calendar year 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hagel, D.L.

    1998-06-25

    Waste Management Federal Services of Hanford Inc. manages and operates the Hanford Site 200 Area radioactive solid waste storage and disposal facilities for the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office under contract DE-AC06-87RL10930. These facilities include storage areas and disposal sites for radioactive solid waste. This document summarizes the amount of radioactive materials that have been buried and stored in the 200 Area radioactive solid waste storage and disposal facilities from startup in 1944 through calendar year 1997. This report does not include backlog waste, solid radioactive wastes in storage or disposed of in other areas, or facilities such as the underground tank farms. Unless packaged within the scope of WHC-EP-0063, Hanford Site Solid Waste Acceptance Cafeteria, liquid waste data are not included in this document.

  5. Training, their influence on the quality of services. An experience in the unit "Coffee Express" of Fomento.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Ivón Sosa Ibarra

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Achieving quality of service is a necessity in this highly competitive and turbulent world, one of the elements that influence it is training. This research was designed and implemented a training procedure to improve the quality of services in a cafeteria of Development, were detected with the training needs of their staff to plan and implement actions that will raise the skills of workers. Surveys were conducted to determine the state of opinion of internal and external clients implemented before and after the procedure and to evaluate the quality of service received from the selected attributes to the application of Delphi method experts. The unit has made progress recognized and improved economic indicators becoming a reference center in the municipality, which shows that is possible to provide quality services from training workers.

  6. [Caloric nutritional evaluation of the menu served to the university community of the Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Republica Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ascar José, M; Molíns de Pedernera, M; Moyano de Pringles, G; Guardia Calderón, C; Rodríguez de Farabelli, N; Luconi de Romero, M; Piola, H

    1993-06-01

    We have analysed the meals for lunch and dinner at the University cafeteria, during one Winter week (June through September); in this season the menus are repeated every week round. A percentage analysis (humidity, ashes, lipids, protein, raw fiber, and nitrogen-free extract) was carried out on the sample, which were appropriately processed, thus allowing us to know the nutrients amount and caloric value of each meal. When examining both the formulas ingredients and the technique applied to the preparation of the meals, it was found that they have the best cooking quality, and also that their amount is sufficient (see tables). As to the meals nutrients, the results allow us to conclude that the diets are hypercaloric as well as hypoproteic, with a preponderance of proteins of animal origin.

  7. Personal and Perceived Peer Use of and Attitudes Toward Alcohol Among University and College Students in Seven EU Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAlaney, J.; Helmer, S. M.; Stock, C.

    2015-01-01

    , Denmark, Germany, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Turkey, and the United Kingdom were recruited to take part in an online survey by the use of email invitations, social media, classroom announcements, flyers, and stalls in social areas, such as in cafeterias and bars on campus. A total of 4,482 students......Objective: The objective of this study was to explore perceptions of peer substance use and related attitudes among European students. Challenging perceptions about peer substance use has become the basis of a form of prevention and intervention known as the social norms approach, which can...... be delivered using personalized online feedback. This article reports baseline alcohol use and attitudes data for university students across Europe collected as part of the Social Norms Intervention for the prevention of Polydrug usE project (Project SNIPE). Method: Students from universities in Belgium...

  8. The Consumer’s Opinions of the Food Service System: The 1973 Fort Lee Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-05-01

    silverware g. Clean trays <D <D "’ <D <D Dirty trays h. Clean dishes and glasses <D <D "’ Q) GD Dirty dishes and glasses i. • Dirty floors <D <D "’ Q...D Clean floors j. DirtY tables and chairs <D "’ "’ (1) CD Clean tables and chairs k. Brightly lighted <D <D "’ (]) GD Dimly lighted I. Sunny <D...Would you prefer a cafeteria, self-service system or a waitress -service system? > > > > a; a; ~ :c -;;; :c ~ ·c: "’ ~ ~ ·c: .c ~ ~ 0 :J 0

  9. Serving First in Isolation Increases Vegetable Intake among Elementary Schoolchildren

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redden, Joseph P.; Mann, Traci; Vickers, Zata; Mykerezi, Elton; Reicks, Marla; Elsbernd, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    Many people want to eat healthier, but they often fail in these attempts. We report two field studies in an elementary school cafeteria that each demonstrate children eat more of a vegetable (carrots, broccoli) when we provide it first in isolation versus alongside other more preferred foods. We propose this healthy first approach succeeds by triggering one’s inherent motivation to eat a single food placed in front of them, and works even though they have prior knowledge of the full menu available and no real time constraints. Consistent with this theory, and counter to simple contrast effects, an additional lab study found that presenting a food first in isolation had the unique ability to increase intake whether the food was healthy (carrots) or less healthy (M&M’s). Our findings demonstrate the effectiveness of this simple intervention in promoting healthier eating, which should interest consumers, food marketers, health professionals, and policy makers. PMID:25830337

  10. Few differences found in the typical eating and physical activity habits of lower-level and upper-level university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Driskell, Judy A; Kim, Young-Nam; Goebel, Kelly J

    2005-05-01

    Typical eating and exercise habits of a group of lower-level (freshmen/sophomores, n=144) and upper-level (juniors/seniors, n=114) students, 19 to 25 years of age, attending a midwestern university were compared. Both groups reported similar snacking practices, nonalcoholic beverage consumption, places of meal consumption, factors influencing food choices, duration and frequency of various types of physical activity, and places of physical performance, with few exceptions. Significant differences between groups were observed for typical afternoon snack consumption, frequency of eating in university cafeterias, typical time spent walking, typical frequency of performing other aerobic activities, and factors that most influenced their physical activity habits. Few differences existed in typical eating and physical activity habits of lower- and upper-level students.

  11. Patient-doctor relationship: Changing perspectives and medical litigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Ganesh

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The patient doctor relational dimer has become complex with the hierarchical or fiduciary manner changing to an equal or un equal relationship. Trust and control are interchangeable, leading to increased patient requirements for disclosure and expectations of a cafeteria approach in diagnoses and management of his/her bodily condition. From any mismatch, there is a potential for medical litigation. In this context, the rise of global consumerism, the explosion of information available on the internet, and the changed manner of the medical profession from being shrouded in mystic / ceremony to trifurcation of medical services to doctoral diagnoses and management, ancillary pharmacy industry, and paramedical services like nursing, counselling and the new age quackery have contributed to this dimer.

  12. Facilitating Lasting Changes at an Elementary School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurie JAMES

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine how to minimize waste in a school setting by reducing, reusing, recycling, and composting waste products. Specifically, the desire was to identify what steps could be taken to decrease waste practices at a Title I elementary school. Through the Washington Green Schools certification process, a Waste and Recycling Assessment and Characterization Audit allowed for the collection of data. The assessment examined how much and what types of waste products were disposed of at the school. Based on the audit, 93% of waste products in the cafeteria were recyclable or compostable. The results provided ways for the students and staff to take action resulting in behavioral changes that taught and modeled environmental conservation. This study can help revolutionize school communities by serving as a prototype for environmental sustainability enhancing an eco-friendly citizenry.

  13. Cerebral damage caused by nail gun injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Chris

    2016-01-01

    . The forensic examination showed lesions of intracranial surgery and minor bruises on the arms. No sign of defense injuries was found. There were no signs of malfunction of the nail gun-wielding robot. On the side of the machine, there were a handheld nail gun and the police investigated the case as a possible......-inflicted or a criminal act. Case presentation A 43-year-old male worker was brought to the emergency department after his coworkers had found him on the floor in the cafeteria at work. He was admitted to the hospital due to a possible apoplexy. The CT scan revealed a nail in his skull and acute surgery was performed...

  14. Computer Security: Printing confidentially

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefan Lueders, Computer Security Team

    2015-01-01

    Have you ever hesitated to print a confidential document using CERN printers? Or perhaps you have rushed quickly to the printer after hitting the “print” button in order to avoid someone else getting hold of and reading your document? These times are over now with the new printing infrastructure!   Indeed, many of us regularly print out confidential documents like our salary slips, MARS forms, tendering documents and drafts of preliminary papers. The upcoming CERN data protection policy will require all of us to respect the confidentiality of such documents and, as the word “confidential” implies, access to “confidential” or sensitive documents will be tightly controlled. What can we do about the public printers located in many buildings, floors and shared spaces - accessible not only to CERN staff and users but also to visitors and guests? Some printers are located in the vicinity of restaurants, cafeterias or close to paths taken b...

  15. Eating to save wild-life: is a truly conservation-minded zoo/aquarium a vegan zoo/aquarium?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerris, Mickey; Birkved, Morten; Gamborg, Christian

    2016-01-01

    of biodiversity and different types of environmental degradation – all affecting wildlife negatively, and hence undermining conservation policies that aim to protect individuals, populations and species. But what is the link between livestock production and zoos and aquariums? One link, putting it a bit boldly......According to the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria their mission is ‘to facilitate cooperation … towards the goals of education, research and conservation’. Livestock production is one of the leading causes of often-irreversible land use changes, greenhouse gas emissions, loss......, could be: Does it make sense to work for conservation by preserving animal species in captivity while selling food to visitors that may be undermining this effort? Complicating the issue is that zoos and aquariums are dependent on generating a profit from ‘non-core’ services such as cafeterias...

  16. Eating to save wild-life: is a truly conservation-minded zoo/aquarium a vegan zoo/aquarium?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerris, Mickey; Birkved, Morten; Gamborg, Christian

    of biodiversity and different types of environmental degradation – all affecting wildlife negatively, and hence undermining conservation policies that aim to protect individuals, populations and species. But what is the link between livestock production and zoos and aquariums? One link, putting it a bit boldly......According to the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria their mission is ‘to facilitate cooperation … towards the goals of education, research and conservation’. Livestock production is one of the leading causes of often-irreversible land use changes, greenhouse gas emissions, loss......, could be: Does it make sense to work for conservation by preserving animal species in captivity while selling food to visitors that may be undermining this effort? Complicating the issue is that zoos and aquariums are dependent on generating a profit from ‘non-core’ services such as cafeterias...

  17. Eating to save wildlife

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerris, Mickey; Birkved, Morten; Gamborg, Christian

    2016-01-01

    of biodiversity and different types of environmental degradation – all affecting wildlife negatively, and hence undermining conservation policies that aim to protect individuals, populations and species. But what is the link between livestock production and zoos and aquariums? One link, putting it a bit boldly......According to the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA, 2016) their mission is ”to facilitate cooperation…towards the goals of education, research and conservation”. Livestock production is one of the leading causes of often-irreversible land use changes, greenhouse gas emissions, loss......, could be: Does it make sense to work for conservation by preserving animal species in captivity while selling food to visitors that may be undermining this effort? Complicating the issue is that zoos and aquariums are dependent on generating a profit from “non-core” services such as cafeterias...

  18. Serving first in isolation increases vegetable intake among elementary schoolchildren.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph P Redden

    Full Text Available Many people want to eat healthier, but they often fail in these attempts. We report two field studies in an elementary school cafeteria that each demonstrate children eat more of a vegetable (carrots, broccoli when we provide it first in isolation versus alongside other more preferred foods. We propose this healthy first approach succeeds by triggering one's inherent motivation to eat a single food placed in front of them, and works even though they have prior knowledge of the full menu available and no real time constraints. Consistent with this theory, and counter to simple contrast effects, an additional lab study found that presenting a food first in isolation had the unique ability to increase intake whether the food was healthy (carrots or less healthy (M&M's. Our findings demonstrate the effectiveness of this simple intervention in promoting healthier eating, which should interest consumers, food marketers, health professionals, and policy makers.

  19. Designer schools: the role of school space and architecture in obesity prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorman, Nicholas; Lackney, Jeffery A; Rollings, Kimberly; Huang, Terry T-K

    2007-11-01

    Spatial features of obesogenic environments studied on a broad community level have been associated with childhood overweight and obesity, but little research has focused on the effects of the design of micro spaces, such as schools, on individual health behaviors. This article aims to generate thinking and research on the link between school space and architecture and obesity prevention by reviewing and synthesizing available literature in architecture, environmental psychology, and obesity research, in an effort to propose promising ideas for school space design and redesign. The school environment is defined through 5 dimensions: physical, legal, policy, social, and cultural domains. Theories underlying environmental interventions and documented associations between the environment and health behaviors and outcomes are reviewed to illustrate how existing environmental research could translate to obesity prevention. Design strategies aimed at promoting physical activity and healthful eating are proposed, with particular emphasis on the design of cafeterias, activity spaces, connectivity with the larger community, and student health centers.

  20. An exact "Tour de France" passes through CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2011-01-01

    In August 2011, the renowned French mountaineer Lionel Daudet set off from Mont Blanc on a "Tour de la France exacte",  strictly following the 5,000 km of land borders and coastline without using a single motorised vehicle. And about a week into his expedition, the French border led him… to CERN of course… where he described his experience as out of the ordinary.   Lionel Daudet at one of the posts marking the French border in Meyrin (next to the Linac 4 building).  The words "out of the ordinary" are not used lightly by a man who has scaled France's highest peaks in extreme conditions and conquered the world's greatest climbs (mainly solo), from Alaska to Patagonia. "I had never visited a physics lab before today," confesses Lionel Daudet, sitting at a table in the CERN cafeteria. "You get the feeling that knowledge is being built here. When I crossed this particular border...

  1. In the heart of CERN in 1967

    CERN Multimedia

    Public Information Office at CERN & Guido Franco

    1967-01-01

    A round trip through CERN, where you meet Lew Kowarski, Francis Perrin, Oppenheimer, Niels Bohr; where you listen to Emilio Picasso, Francis Farley, John Bailey, Bernard Gregory, Leon Van Hove, Giuseppe Cocconi; where you share discussion between theorists Jean Iliopoulos, Daniele Amati, John Bell and Jacques Prentki .......Begins with council session, announce of filming. Explanation of council and reasons for creating CERN, history of CERN. Explanation of what happens at CERN. (Anthoine to visitors) Lew Kowarsky. Picasso's explanation of G-2 experiment, a classic - "is very easy really" with Guido Franco as the person who is not a physicist who does not understand the explanation. 2 meter bubble chamber. Scanning. Computer centre. * Theorists at a blackboard. Cocconi giving conference and film portrait "when I was younger research was less expensive....one can't run counter to evolution. (with jazz background). Cafeteria. Johnsen explaining why building ISR. Gregory "highest energies and biggest laboratorie...

  2. Tracking and Following Algorithms of Mobile Robots for Service Activities in Dynamic Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feng-Li Lian

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available By providing the capability of following a human target in an appropriate manner, the robot can assist people in various ways under different environments. One of the main difficulties when performing human tracking and following is the occlusion problem caused by static as well as dynamic obstacles. The aim of the paper is to tackle the occlusion problem by planning a robotic trajectory of maximizing target visibility and following the moving target. Initially, a laser range finder is used to detect the human target and then robustly track the target using the Kalman filter. Afterward, a human following algorithm based on a look-ahead algorithm, DWA*, is implemented to pursue the target while avoiding any static or dynamic obstacles. Fundamental experiments have been extensively tested to evaluate robot maneuvers and several field tests are conducted in more complex environments such as student cafeteria, computer center, and university library.

  3. Muscle histidine-containing dipeptides are elevated by glucose intolerance in both rodents and men.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanne Stegen

    Full Text Available Muscle carnosine and its methylated form anserine are histidine-containing dipeptides. Both dipeptides have the ability to quench reactive carbonyl species and previous studies have shown that endogenous tissue levels are decreased in chronic diseases, such as diabetes.Rodent study: Skeletal muscles of rats and mice were collected from 4 different diet-intervention studies, aiming to induce various degrees of glucose intolerance: 45% high-fat feeding (male rats, 60% high-fat feeding (male rats, cafeteria feeding (male rats, 70% high-fat feeding (female mice. Body weight, glucose-tolerance and muscle histidine-containing dipeptides were assessed. Human study: Muscle biopsies were taken from m. vastus lateralis in 35 males (9 lean, 8 obese, 9 prediabetic and 9 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients and muscle carnosine and gene expression of muscle fiber type markers were measured.Diet interventions in rodents (cafeteria and 70% high-fat feeding induced increases in body weight, glucose intolerance and levels of histidine-containing dipeptides in muscle. In humans, obese, prediabetic and diabetic men had increased muscle carnosine content compared to the lean (+21% (p>0.1, +30% (p<0.05 and +39% (p<0.05, respectively. The gene expression of fast-oxidative type 2A myosin heavy chain was increased in the prediabetic (1.8-fold, p<0.05 and tended to increase in the diabetic men (1.6-fold, p = 0.07, compared to healthy lean subjects.Muscle histidine-containing dipeptides increases with progressive glucose intolerance, in male individuals (cross-sectional. In addition, high-fat diet-induced glucose intolerance was associated with increased muscle histidine-containing dipeptides in female mice (interventional. Increased muscle carnosine content might reflect fiber type composition and/or act as a compensatory mechanism aimed at preventing cell damage in states of impaired glucose tolerance.

  4. Food choice: the battle between package, taste and consumption situation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutjar, Swetlana; de Graaf, Cees; Palascha, Aikaterini; Jager, Gerry

    2014-09-01

    The present study compared how intrinsic (sensory) and extrinsic (packaging) product properties influence actual food choice in combination with the concept of product appropriateness in a specific consumption context. Food choice of seven test products was measured in three breakfast sessions within a simulated cafeteria setting with subsequent product consumption. Test products were five breakfast drinks and two dessert products considered as inappropriate for breakfast. One hundred and three participants took part in a blind taste session, after which they chose one out of the seven foods to consume for breakfast. In a second session (familiar package session), the same participants based their choice on the package of the seven foods they tasted in the first session. An additional group of 65 participants took part in a third naïve package session, where they chose just on the basis of package without being previously exposed to the foods. Results showed that food choices in the naïve package session were guided by the package that labelled the products as "breakfast product". Food choices in the blind session were strongly correlated (r = 0.8) with the liking of the products. Food choice in the "familiar package session" lay between the blind and naïve package session. It is concluded that food choice in a simulated cafeteria setting is guided by extrinsic (package) as well as intrinsic (sensory) properties and both can act as a cue for product appropriateness given a specific consumption context. Depending on the salience of either intrinsic or extrinsic properties during the choice moment their impact on choice is stronger.

  5. Smoking at School: Views of Turkish University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazmiye Erdogan

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The recent interest in cigarette smoking among university students has brought attention to problems concerning opinions, attitudes, prevention, health education, policy formulation and implementation. This survey research tested five hypotheses on the views of college students about smoking in school hallways and cafeteria, compliance with anti smoking laws, considering cigarette smoking as an expression of freedom of choice, teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices, and school administration’s policy on enforcing the law. Hypothesized differences between students’ views on the issues according to gender, smoking status and years at school were investigated. Data were obtained from 3,659 students attending six universities in Ankara, Turkey. The study findings provided support for all the hypothesized differences (except a single issue. Males and females differed significantly on all the issues studied. The majority of nonsmoking students have anti-smoking views in regards of the studied issues as compared to regular and occasional smokers. Smokers and nonsmokers markedly disagree on banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria and hallways. However, the majority of students are against teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices with the doors open. Although most students want a smoke free environment, there is no active-anti smoking policy on smoking by universities. Findings point out the need for campus-wide effective smoking prevention programs, as well as cessation programs and services for the students.

  6. 浅析高校食堂卫生与安全管理的思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝悦

    2015-01-01

    阐述高校食堂卫生与安全管理的问题,细说食品安全问题保证食品安全,保障公众身体健康和生命安全是国家的根本出发点。对高校的食堂管理作出相应的评定,切实消除高校食堂卫生与安全隐患。编者的论点是真正落实好食堂卫生与安全管理工作。提高认识,加强领导、沟通协调,齐抓共建。完善监管制度、创新监管机制、落实监管责任、提高监管能力。保障师生的安全,办好人民满意的教育基地。%Elaborates the college canteen hygiene and safety management problems, elaborate on the issue of food safety guarantee food safety and guarantee the safety of the lives and health of the public is national fundamental starting point. The university canteen management to make the appropriate assessment, and effectively eliminate the college cafeteria health and safety hazards. The editor's argument is that the real implementation of the cafeteria health and safety management work. Raise awareness, strengthen leadership, communication and coordination, and to build. Improve the regulatory system, innovative regulatory mechanisms, the implementation of regulatory responsibili-ties, improve regulatory capacity. To ensure the safety of teachers and students, to run the people's satisfaction of e-ducation base.

  7. Changes in school environments with implementation of Arkansas Act 1220 of 2003.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Martha M; Raczynski, James M; West, Delia S; Pulley, LeaVonne; Bursac, Zoran; Gauss, C Heath; Walker, Jada F

    2010-02-01

    Changes in school nutrition and physical activity policies and environments are important to combat childhood obesity. Arkansas Act 1220 of 2003 was among the first and most comprehensive statewide legislative initiatives to combat childhood obesity through school-based change. Annual surveys of principals and superintendents have been analyzed to document substantial and important changes in school environments, policies, and practices. For example, results indicate that schools are more likely to require that healthy options be provided for student parties (4.5% in 2004, 36.9% in 2008; P students in cafeterias (white milk: 26.1% in 2004, 41.0% in 2008, P chocolate milk: 9.0% in 2004, 24.0% in 2008, P cafeteria, in classrooms, and at school events, as well as in fund-raising and physical activity practices. A significant number of school districts have modified physical education requirements for elementary schools and developed policies prohibiting the use of physical activity as a punishment. We conclude that Arkansas Act 1220 of 2003 is associated with a number of changes in school environments and policies, resulting from both statewide and local initiatives spawned by the Act.

  8. Past/Future Conjoined: Note from the USA on the Present Edition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel Elkes

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available It was a warm summer day in 1937. We had heard of The Peckham Experiment while on student rotation under Aleck Bourne, Chief of Obstetrics and Gynecology at St. Mary's Hospital, London. A man of deep human sympathy, and far ahead of his time, he had a clear vision of where medicine was going. A novel experiment in prospective health care was apparently proceeding in a working class London Borough. There was not much interest in our little group, except for one other student and myself. So on that warm summer day the two of us set out to see for ourselves. We arrived in the late afternoon. Nearly fifty years later, I still recall the first impression of the building—a feeling of access and transparency: glass walls, glass doors, story-high open spaces. The classrooms and playrooms abutted the gym, and the swimming pool. The kitchen, the cafeteria, the reading room, even the pathology labs were visible from the passage way. Only the interview rooms we shielded from view. Children of all ages were everywhere, playing in creches, nurseries, and playrooms. Some were with their parents, some with "sister" (nurse some solo, some in clusters doing their thing on ropes, or roller skates, or engaged in quiet study or games. On the terrrace-cafeteria, overlooking the pool, there were parents —mainly mothers, some of whom might be seen again in the evening joined by their husbands or friends. There was also a sprinkling of grandparents here and there. We noticed one other aspect: as the hours passed, more and more teenagers joined in. I remember thinking at the time how remarkable it was to have parents, children, teenagers, and even grandparents, all under one roof, and all clearly enjoying themselves. If there was "staff," it was hard to tell who was who.

  9. Potential role of masting by introduced bamboos in deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus population irruptions holds public health consequences.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melissa C Smith

    Full Text Available We hypothesized that the ongoing naturalization of frost/shade tolerant Asian bamboos in North America could cause environmental consequences involving introduced bamboos, native rodents and ultimately humans. More specifically, we asked whether the eventual masting by an abundant leptomorphic ("running" bamboo within Pacific Northwest coniferous forests could produce a temporary surfeit of food capable of driving a population irruption of a common native seed predator, the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus, a hantavirus carrier. Single-choice and cafeteria-style feeding trials were conducted for deer mice with seeds of two bamboo species (Bambusa distegia and Yushania brevipaniculata, wheat, Pinus ponderosa, and native mixed diets compared to rodent laboratory feed. Adult deer mice consumed bamboo seeds as readily as they consumed native seeds. In the cafeteria-style feeding trials, Y. brevipaniculata seeds were consumed at the same rate as native seeds but more frequently than wheat seeds or rodent laboratory feed. Females produced a median litter of 4 pups on a bamboo diet. Given the ability of deer mice to reproduce frequently whenever food is abundant, we employed our feeding trial results in a modified Rosenzweig-MacArthur consumer-resource model to project the population-level response of deer mice to a suddenly available/rapidly depleted supply of bamboo seeds. The simulations predict rodent population irruptions and declines similar to reported cycles involving Asian and South American rodents but unprecedented in deer mice. Following depletion of a mast seed supply, the incidence of Sin Nombre Virus (SNV transmission to humans could subsequently rise with dispersal of the peridomestic deer mice into nearby human settlements seeking food.

  10. High fat diet-induced obesity modifies the methylation pattern of leptin promoter in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milagro, F I; Campión, J; García-Díaz, D F; Goyenechea, E; Paternain, L; Martínez, J A

    2009-03-01

    Leptin is an adipokine involved in body weight and food intake regulation whose promoter region presents CpG islands that could be subject to dynamic methylation. This methylation process could be affected by environmental (e.g. diet) or endogenous (e.g., adipocyte differentiation, inflammation, hypoxia) factors, and could influence adipocyte leptin gene expression. The aim of this article was to study whether a high-energy diet may affect leptin gene promoter methylation in rats. A group of eleven male Wistar rats were assigned into two dietary groups, one fed on a control diet for 11 weeks and the other on a high-fat cafeteria diet. Rats fed a high-energy diet become overweight and hyperleptinemic as compared to the controls. DNA isolated from retroperitoneal adipocytes was treated with bisulfite and a distal portion of leptin promoter (from -694 to -372 bp) including 13 CpG sites was amplified by PCR and sequenced. The studied promoter portion was slightly more methylated in the cafeteria-fed animals, which was statistically significant (p < 0.05) for one of the CpG sites (located at the position -443). In obese rats, such methylation was associated to lower circulating leptin levels, suggesting that this position could be important in the regulation of leptin gene expression, probably by being a target sequence of different transcription factors. Our findings reveal, for the first time, that leptin methylation pattern can be influenced by diet-induced obesity, and suggest that epigenetic mechanisms could be involved in obesity by regulating the expression of important epiobesigenic genes.

  11. Participação de crianças com paralisia cerebral nos ambientes da escola Participation of children with cerebral palsy in school environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Baleroni Rodrigues Silva

    2012-03-01

    activities in different school environments, from their teachers' perspective. The study included 10 teachers and their students with cerebral palsy in São Paulo. We applied the School Function Assessment−Part I with the teachers in order to examine the level of student participation in school activities in six environments: classroom, playground/break time, transportation to and from school, bathroom, and transitions to the classroom and cafeteria. The Friedman test and Wilcoxon test for two related populations were used to identify significant differences between the scores for participation in the various environments. The results showed significant differences in scores for participation between Transportation and Playground/Break Time, Transportation and Transitions, Transportation and Classroom, Transportation and Cafeteria, Bathroom and Classroom, Bathroom and Cafeteria. The children participated well in class, however architectural barriers interfered in the performance of tasks in the bathroom, such as sitting on the toilet, standing up, hand washing, and lack of adapted mobility resources. The use of mobility resources such as crutches and walkers were observed to facilitate participation in playground/break time and transitions. This study highlighted the need for further governmental actions implementing environmental changes in schools, especially related to transportation and transition facilitation.

  12. Analysis on Epidemiological Characteristics of Food Poisoning in Qingcheng District of Qingyuan City during 2004-2010%2004-2010年清远市清城区食物中毒流行特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎晓鸿; 黎智怡; 王国彬

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of food poisoning in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004- 2010, provide the basis for further prevention and control of food poisoning. [ Methods] The food poisoning occurred in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004 - 2010 were analyzed by retrospective epidemiology. [ Results] There were 45cases of food poisoning in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004 - 2010, 759 people were poisoned, the annual morbidity was 19. 30/lakh, and the fatality rate was 0. The quarter 1 and 2 were the peak season. The main pathogenic cause was bacteria, which accounted for 48.8%, followed by unexplained food poisoning ( 28.89% ). The places of food poisoning were mainly cafeteria, which accounted for 35.56%, followed by restaurants (33.33% ). [ Conclusion] The food poisoning occurred in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004 - 2010 were mainly bacterial food poisoning in cafeteria. Most of food poisoning occurred in family were caused by plant and animal toxicants, which were severe. The effective ways of prevention and control of food poisoning include enhancing the propaganda of food hygiene, strengthening the health management in factory cafeteria and improving the public consciousness of food hygiene.%目的 对清远市清城区2004-2010年食物中毒的流行特征进行分析,为进一步预防和控制食物中毒提供依据.方法 用回顾性流行病学方法 对清远市清城区2004-2010年发生的食物中毒进行分析.结果 清远市清城区2004-2010年共发生食物中毒45起,中毒人数759人,年均发病率为19.30/10万,病死率为0;中毒多发生在第2、3季度;致病因素以细菌性为主,占48.89% ,其次是原因不明的食物中毒,占28.89% ;中毒发生场所以集体食堂为主,占35.56% ,其次是饮食服务单位,占33.33%.结论 清远市清城区食物中毒以集体食堂发生的细菌性食物中毒为主,家庭发生的食

  13. Phylogeny and megasystematics of phagotrophic heterokonts (kingdom Chromista).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalier-Smith, Thomas; Chao, Ema E-Y

    2006-04-01

    Heterokonts are evolutionarily important as the most nutritionally diverse eukaryote supergroup and the most species-rich branch of the eukaryotic kingdom Chromista. Ancestrally photosynthetic/phagotrophic algae (mixotrophs), they include several ecologically important purely heterotrophic lineages, all grossly understudied phylogenetically and of uncertain relationships. We sequenced 18S rRNA genes from 14 phagotrophic non-photosynthetic heterokonts and a probable Ochromonas, performed phylogenetic analysis of 210-430 Heterokonta, and revised higher classification of Heterokonta and its three phyla: the predominantly photosynthetic Ochrophyta; the non-photosynthetic Pseudofungi; and Bigyra (now comprising subphyla Opalozoa, Bicoecia, Sagenista). The deepest heterokont divergence is apparently between Bigyra, as revised here, and Ochrophyta/Pseudofungi. We found a third universal heterokont signature sequence, and deduce three independent losses of ciliary hairs, several of 1-2 cilia, 10 of photosynthesis, but perhaps only two plastid losses. In Ochrophyta, heterotrophic Oikomonas is sister to the photosynthetic Chrysamoeba, whilst the abundant freshwater predator Spumella is biphyletic; neither clade is specifically related to Paraphysomonas, indicating four losses of photosynthesis by chrysomonads. Sister to Chrysomonadea (Chrysophyceae) is Picophagea cl. nov. (Picophagus, Chlamydomyxa). The diatom-parasite Pirsonia belongs in Pseudofungi. Heliozoan-like actinophryids (e.g. Actinosphaerium) are Opalozoa, not related to pedinellids within Hypogyristea cl. nov. of Ochrophyta as once thought. The zooflagellate class Bicoecea (perhaps the ancestral phenotype of Bigyra) is unexpectedly diverse and a major focus of our study. We describe four new biciliate bicoecean genera and five new species: Nerada mexicana, Labromonas fenchelii (=Pseudobodo tremulans sensu Fenchel), Boroka karpovii (=P. tremulans sensu Karpov), Anoeca atlantica and Cafeteria mylnikovii; several

  14. Teatro Derby en Gran Bretaña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ham, Roderick

    1977-06-01

    Full Text Available This small local theatre, which is used alternatively as a cinema, is an architectural unit whose main nucleus is made up of the auditorium. It has besides: a studio, restaurant, two bar and cafeteria services, and different shop premises, forming as a whole a gallery for pedestrians only. The car park is located in the lower level. The simple rectangular volumes seen from outside contain curved floors defined by the functional needs of the auditorium, giving rise to the creation of suitable atmospheres in the antechambers, in which the exact dimensioning of the spaces stands out. This gives a balance which makes it possible, for example in the cafeteria, to obtain an intimate, pleasant and integrated atmosphere, characteristic of the best British architecture. The finish of the indoor part is subdued, the use mainly standing out of bearer wells in visible brickwork, chosen through being easily adapted to curved ground plants.Este pequeño teatro local, que funciona alternativamente como sala de cine, es un complejo arquitectónico cuyo núcleo principal lo constituye el auditorio. Comprende, además: un estudio, un restaurante, dos servicios de bar y cafetería, y diversos locales comerciales, formando en conjunto una galería de tránsito exclusivamente peatonal. Los aparcamientos se ubicaron en el nivel inferior. Los volúmenes rectangulares y simples que se aprecian desde el exterior, albergan plantas curvas definidas por las necesidades funcionales del auditorio, dando lugar a la creación de adecuados ambientes en las antesalas, en las que se destaca el exacto dimensionamiento de los espacios, logrando un equilibrio que permite, en la cafetería, por ejemplo, disponer de un ámbito íntimo e integrado, característico de la mejor arquitectura inglesa. El acabado de los interiores es sobrio, destacándose fundamentalmente el empleo de muros portantes de ladrillo visto, escogido por su fácil adaptación a las plantas curvas.

  15. 2006-2010年某市食物中毒分析及防控对策%Analysis and Countermeasures of Food Poisoning in a City from 2006 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张竞; 钱宗升

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To learn the changing trend and causes of food poisoning in a city, provide the scientific basis for making the effective measures of prevention and control of food poisoning.[Methods]According to the data of food poisoning in a city from 2006 to 2010, the epidemic trend and poisoning causes were analyzed.[Results]There were 105 cases of food poisoning from 2006 to 2010, and 867 people were poisoned.42.9% of food poisoning occurred in quarter 3, and 62.9% occurred in cafeteria.The bacterial food poisoning accounted for 61.9%, and kidney bean poisoning accounted for 52.6% of food poisoning caused by plant and animal toxicants.[Conclusion]The peak season of food poisoning is quarter 3, most of food poisoning occurred in cafeteria and diet delivery enterprises, the main cause is bacterial food poisoning, and the main pathogenic factor of food poisoning caused by plant and animal toxicants is kidney bean.It is necessary to improve the propaganda of food safety and strengthen the supervision and law enforcement.%目的 了解某市食物中毒发生变化趋势及发生原因,为制订预防和控制食物中毒的有效措施提供科学依据.方法 依据某市2006-2010年食物中毒资料,对食物中毒发生的流行趋势、中毒原因等进行分析.结果 2006-2010年共发生食物中毒105起,中毒867人,第3季度食物中毒发生率占42.9%,发生在集体食堂的食物中毒占62.9%,细菌性食物中毒占61.9%,四季豆在动植物引起的食物中毒中占52.6%. 结论 第3季度为高发季节,集体食堂和集体用餐配送单位是高发场所,细菌性食物中毒是主要病因,四季豆是有毒动植物食物中毒主要致病因素.应加强中华人民共和国食品安全宣传和加大监督执法力度.

  16. Promoting Real-Time Science in the Classroom using Wireless PDA Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matusow, David; Sparmo, Joe; Weidow, Dave; Obenschain, Arthur F. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    The year is 2004, NASA has landed and deployed a fleet of rovers on the surface of Mars to continue the exploration of that planet and prepare the way for human visitors. Middle school students at Milton Elementary have been following the mission through the media and Internet as part of Mr. Johnson's Earth and space sciences class. The kids have been working in teams to track the rovers as they move across the surface of Mars on a scale model of the landing site they built from sand and rocks using pictures and video downloaded from the Internet. They also built their own version of a rover that can be driven around the model. The time is 3:36pm. Jim and a couple of his fellow students from class are sitting in the cafeteria waiting for a student council meeting to begin. Mary and several others are on the bus riding home. Kathy is in her father's car waiting to leave the parking lot. On Mars, Rover-3 has just stopped and issued an alert to ground control at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Back at Milton Elementary chimes can be heard going off in the cafeteria, on the school bus, and in Kathy's car. The students are familiar with the drill and each brings up the Mars mission status display on their hand-held PDA device. They've been using their PDAs (those Palm devices that seem to be everywhere today) to obtain real-time position information for each of the rovers throughout the mission. The mission status display tells them that Rover-3 has stopped on the edge of a small gully and isn't quite sure what to do. The students begin considering the options amongst themselves. Should the rover just drive through the gully? If it does, what happens if it gets stuck? Maybe it should turnaround and look for away around the gully? Trough questions. Real questions. Real problems. The students know they will need to be prepared to discuss the options and conduct their own simulations using the models they built in Mr. Johnson's class tomorrow. Much the same way

  17. Encuesta nacional sobre comedores escolares y demanda de dietas especiales National survey on school lunches and demand of special diets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. R. Martínez Álvarez

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Es sabido que mejorar la alimentación de los escolares mejoraría su salud y bienestar contribuyendo a la reducción del riesgo de enfermedades crónicas en la edad adulta. En el caso de España, esto se revela especialmente importante teniendo en cuenta los datos de prevalencia de obesidad infantil. Objetivos: Conocer el número de los usuarios de comedores escolares en España así como diferentes consideraciones sobre su gestión, supervisión y número de dietas especiales servidas. Métodos: Se ha realizado la II Encuesta nacional sobre comedores escolares llevada a cabo en las diecisiete Comunidades autónomas de España. Resultados: Se han identificado 7.710 comedores escolares, utilizados diariamente por 678.587 usuarios que proporcionan cerca del 2,8% de dietas especiales (las alergias representan el 38,9%, otras patologías el 23,2%, las causas religiosas el 26,7% y la celiaquía el 11,1% de las dietas especiales servidas. Conclusiones: Las cifras de prevalencia de obesidad y sobrepeso infantil indican que es necesario mejorar la dieta de los escolares así como la educación alimentaria que estos reciben.Introduction: It is well known that to improve the feeding of the students it would improve its health and wellbeing, contributing to the reduction of the risk of chronic diseases in adults. In Spain, this is especially important considering the data of prevalence of infantile obesity. Objectives: To know the number of users of school cafeterias in Spain as well as different considerations on its management, nutritional supervision and the number of special diets served to students with specific requirements due to pathologies or other causes. Results: The II national Survey has been realized on school cafeterias: 7,710 used daily by 678,587 users. They provide near the 2.8% of special diets (allergies 38.9%, other pathologies 23.2%, religious causes 26.7% causes and celiac disease 11.1%. Conclusions: The numbers of

  18. RESTAURANT NO 3 - BUILDING 866 (PREVESSIN)

    CERN Multimedia

    Comité de Surveillance des Restaurants

    1999-01-01

    Closure on Monday, November 1st, 1999Restaurant No. 3 will be closed for maintenance throughout the day on Monday, November 1st, 1999. The bar will remain open however so that drinks, sandwiches and snacks remain available. The decentralised cafeterias (bldgs. 864, 865 and 892) will also continue to operate as usual. The restaurant will resume normal service on Tuesday, November 2nd, 1999 but with slightly modified opening times (see below). Meal serving timesAs from Tuesday, November 2nd, 1999, lunches will be served between 11h30 and 13h45, instead of 14h00 as in the past. This change, requested by the concession-holder in view of the fact that demand between13h45 and 14h00 is practically non-existent, has been accepted by the Restaurant Supervisory Committee after consultation with the authorities of SL Division.We thank you for your collaboration and trust that no inconvenience will be suffered.Restaurant Supervisory Committee, tel. 77551

  19. Maria and Giuseppe: lives intertwined with CERN’s history

    CERN Multimedia

    Pauline Gagnon

    2014-01-01

    CERN will be celebrating its 60th anniversary this year. That means 60 years of pioneering scientific research and exciting discoveries. Two Italian physicists, Maria and Giuseppe Fidecaro, remember nearly all of it since they arrived in 1956. Most impressively, they are still hard at work, every day!   Giuseppe and Maria Fidecaro in Restaurant No. 1, at CERN, in 2014, 60 years after they joined the Organization. The couple is easy to spot, even in the cafeteria during busy lunchtimes, where they usually engage in the liveliest discussions. “We argue quite a lot,” Maria tells me with a big smile. “We have very different styles.” “But in general, in the end, we agree,” completes Giuseppe. In October 1954, Giuseppe went to the University of Liverpool as a CERN Fellow to do research at its brand new synchrocyclotron. Maria also joined, having obtained a fellowship from the International Federation of University Women. After getting m...

  20. Ombud’s Corner: are you being served?

    CERN Multimedia

    Sudeshna Datta-Cockerill

    2016-01-01

    A few weeks ago, I overheard a conversation in the cafeteria where a colleague was asked how it was that he was always smiling… his answer was immediate - “That’s easy”, he said, “I work in such a great place – great science, great people, great opportunities…”. Amidst the general laughter and acquiescent nodding that followed, I found myself musing on this response and thinking about all the different services that play their part in achieving the mission that inspired this sentiment.   The list is long, and of course we cannot possibly name them all, but it is still worth sparing a few thoughts, for instance, for some of the services that we may typically encounter in the course of an ordinary day. It starts with the guards at the gate who contribute to our safety as they check our badges and wave us on, the cleaners who spend their evenings working to provide us with a pristine and welcoming work space, or the re...

  1. Piscina municipal y escuela de comercio en Stuttgart-Feuerbach, Alemania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lehmbruck, Manfred

    1968-06-01

    Full Text Available On the ground floor of this project there is a hall, a ticket office, dessing rooms and showers, and a gymnasium; whilst the commercial school building has three classrooms, a cafeteria and the porter's room. On a higher level there are two swimming pools, a full sized one and one for beginners, dressing and washing rooms. The commercial building has further classrooms, a library, a teachers' room, the director's study and offices, on the second floor. The whole construction is of great plastic beauty and has been planned with extreme urbanistic purpose.La planta baja del edificio, destinada a Piscina Municipal cubierta, comprende: el hall; caja; los vestuarios, duchas, gimnasio, etc. Y la del edificio de la Escuela de Comercio: tres clases, cafetería, vivienda del portero, etc. La planta superior de la citada piscina contiene: las piscinas —una reglamentaria y otra para enseñanza—, vestuarios, lavabos, etc. Y la de la Escuela de Comercio: las aulas, biblioteca, sala de profesores, despacho del director, administración, etc. Todo el conjunto edificado es de una gran belleza plástica y está concebido con un gran sentido urbanístico.

  2. Glucoamylase production from food waste by solid state fermentation and its evaluation in the hydrolysis of domestic food waste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esra Uçkun Kiran

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, food wastes such as waste bread, savory, waste cakes, cafeteria waste, fruits, vegetables and potatoes were used as sole substrate for glucoamylase production by solid state fermentation. Response surface methodology was employed to optimize the fermentation conditions for improving the production of high activity enzyme. It was found that waste cake was the best substrate for glucoamylase production. Among all the parameters studied, glucoamylase activity was significantly affected by the initial pH and incubation time. The highest glucoamylase activity of 108.47 U/gds was achieved at initial pH of 7.9, moisture content of 69.6% wt., inoculum loading of 5.2×105 cells/gram substrate (gs and incubation time of 6 d. The enzyme preparation could effectively digest 50% suspension of domestic food waste in 24 h with an almost complete saccharification using an enzyme dose of only 2U/g food waste at 60°C.

  3. Water Quality Characterization of Varsity Lake, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Aqeel Ashraf

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Lakes and reservoirs are important sources of water supply, generate electricity and to irrigate fields. Since, lakes act as catchment basins for close to 40% of the landscape so serve as recreational, sporting and fishing activities. Varsity Lake University of Malaya (UM is beautiful landscape at the front of the UM main entrance. It is used mainly for recreational and sporting (canoeing activities. Study has been carried out in order to analyze water quality, nutrients and metals load starting from water inlets into the lake basin. It was found that there is high concentration of oil and grease particles in water due to water flow from cafeteria of college 2, engineering and built environment faculties which cause BOD and TSS value to be higher then normal in the lake. It was one of the main factors that caused the death of fish in the lake in recent months. Mercury and nitrate concentration is also high in the lake. A body contact is involved due to sporting and recreational activities so parameters are compared with Malaysian Interim water quality standards and it was concluded that lake water quality is not fulfilling the recreational spot criteria and is hazardous to human and fish life in the lake. Recommendations are proposed for immediate action. Best management practices is also discussed for prevention of oil and grease particles from entry into lake water to protect this valuable water resource from being polluted.

  4. Laypersons can successfully place supraglottic airways with 3 minutes of training. A comparison of four different devices in the manikin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schälte Gereon

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Supraglottic airway devices have frequently been shown to facilitate airway management and are implemented in the ILCOR resuscitation algorithm. Limited data exists concerning laypersons without any medical or paramedical background. We hypothesized that even laymen would be able to operate supraglottic airway devices after a brief training session. Methods Four different supraglottic airway devices: Laryngeal Mask Classic (LMA, Laryngeal Tube (LT, Intubating Laryngeal Mask (FT and CobraPLA (Cobra were tested in 141 volunteers recruited in a technical university cafeteria and in a shopping mall. All volunteers received a brief standardized training session. Primary endpoint was the time required to definitive insertion. In a short questionnaire applicants were asked to assess the devices and to answer some general questions about BLS. Results The longest time to insertion was observed for Cobra (31.9 ± 27.9 s, range: 9-120, p 0.05, the LT (1.36 ± 0.61, p Conclusion Laypersons are able to operate supraglottic airway devices in manikin with minimal instruction. Ventilation was achieved with all devices tested after a reasonable time and with a high success rate of > 95%. The use of supraglottic airway devices in first aid and BLS algorithms should be considered.

  5. Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis: A Search for Factual Animal Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Cristina L. Sanches

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD is characterized by hepatic steatosis, which occurs in the absence of alcohol abuse. NAFLD can evolve into progressive liver injury and fibrosis in the form of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH. Several animal models have been developed to attempt to represent the morphological, biochemical, and clinical features of human NASH. The actual review presents a critical analysis of the most commonly used experimental models of NAFLD/NASH development. These models can be classified into genetic, nutritional, and a combination of genetic and nutritional factors. The main genetic models are ob/ob and db/db mutant mice and Zucker rats. The principal nutritional models employ methionine- and choline-deficient, high-fat, high-cholesterol and high-cholate, cafeteria, and high-fructose diets. Currently, associations between high-fructose and various compositions of high-fat diets have been widely studied. Previous studies have encountered significant difficulties in developing animal models capable of reproducing human NASH. Some models produce consistent morphological findings, but the induction method differs significantly compared with the pathophysiology of human NASH. Other models precisely represent the clinical and etiological contexts of this disease but fail to provide accurate histopathological representations mainly in the progression from steatosis to liver fibrosis.

  6. Building 774: open for business

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2015-01-01

    In July 2012, the demolition of Building 936 on the Prévessin site marked the start of the Building 774 project. On 23 February, less than three years later, the new 3900 m2 building was handed over to the BE department.   The brand new Building 774. (Credits: Francesco Soppelsa) Located near to the CERN Control Centre, Building 774 contains offices, laboratories and meeting rooms, as well as a huge public area consisting of a 104-seat auditorium, a changing room/shower area in the basement and a pleasant cafeteria open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., offering a wide range of refreshments including hot meals at lunchtime. “There were a few twists and turns during the construction of this building, but it all turned out well in the end!" says Michael Poehler, a member of the GS-SE group and the technical coordinator of the project. (Credits: Francesco Soppelsa) The 120 occupants of the building have just moved into their brand new home, bringing all the members of the...

  7. Residencia Dunelm en la Universidad de Durham, Inglaterra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Co. Partnership, Arquitectos

    1969-04-01

    Full Text Available The external configuration of this building was one of the main influences on the design of «Dunelm House», whose major appeal is probably its formal sculptural expressiveness. This building adapts itself well to the ground topography, and it is mainly meant as a Meeting Club for the Students Representative Council (SCR, for which purpose it has administrative offices, public rooms, library, rooms for games (table tennis, billiards, etc., and cafeterias. Untreated concrete has been extensively used with great care, and the wall openings have been distributed with a rythm that adds much plastic quality to the overall design.La configuración externa del edificio fue uno de los factores que de modo más acusado influyó en el diseño de la «Dunelm House», cuyo mayor atractivo quizás sea su expresión formal escultórica. Esta edificación se adapta convenientemente a la topografía del terreno y está destinada, esencialmente, a contener un Club de Reuniones para el Consejo Representativo de Estudiantes (SCR, en el que se distribuyen: oficinas para los directivos; salas de estar; biblioteca; salas de juegos (ping-pong, billar, etc.; cafeterías; etc. Se ha empleado preponderantemente el hormigón visto, con un tratamiento cuidado y un ritmo de huecos de gran calidad plástica.

  8. Limited restaurant service over the Easter weekend

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    As Friday, 25 March and Monday, 28 March 2005 are CERN holidays, restaurants no. 1 (Bldg. 501- Meyrin) and no. 3 (Bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed and will remain closed on Saturday, 26 March and Sunday, 27 March. They will re-open on Tuesday, 29 March. During these four days, a limited service will be provided by restaurant no. 2 (Bldg. 504 - Meyrin): on Friday and Monday from 8 a.m. to 8.30 p.m. and on Saturday and Sunday from 9 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. Hot meals will be served from 12.00 p.m. to 2 p.m. and from 6 p.m. to 7.30 p.m. They will be served at the self-service restaurant on the first floor on Friday and at the cafeteria on the ground floor on Saturday, Sunday and Monday. On Thursday, March 24, all three restaurants will operate according to their usual opening times except for restaurant no. 1 which will close at 9 p.m. instead of 1 a.m.

  9. The new Bulletin arrives in two weeks

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    In May, you will discover a redesigned CERN Bulletin. Starting with the first May issue (No. 19-20/2006), the format of the CERN Bulletin will change completely. The page layout will be more attractive, reminiscent of a proper newspaper, with pictograms to identify the different sections. The information provided will also be more visible. The Bulletin was much in need of a makeover as its current layout dates back to 1976! The introduction of the new format will coincide with the introduction of a new means of distribution. You will still receive the elctronic version of the Bulletin every week directly on your computer. However, in order to avoid the waste from the dozens of copies that linger unread in people's mailboxes, the paper version will be available at a series of distribution points around the Laboratory. You will find the Bulletin along with the Staff Association newsletter at the cafeteria closest to your office. The Bulletin will be available from the following distribution points: On the M...

  10. Gran sala polivalente Epalinges/VD – Suiza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lonchamp, J.

    1974-10-01

    Full Text Available The project consists of the above mentioned hall and the hostel. The hall itself is a multipurpose one where cinemas, theatre- and concert- performances can be given and conferences, banquets and dances, etc., can be held. In the second part there are cafeterias, restaurant and a bar for the public, served by a spacious kitchen. In the basement the installations of the building are located. The construction is entirely of reinforced concrete, with special framework so as to obtain variety in the outer surfaces. The roofing is of slates, placed on a light metal reinforcement. The project is completed with a parking site with space for 50 vehicles.Está formado por la sala propiamente dicha y el albergue comunal. La primera es de tipo polivalente, y en ella se pueden llevar a cabo representaciones cinematográficas, teatrales y conciertos, así como conferencias, banquetes, bailes, etc. En el segundo se han distribuido una serie de servicios públicos, tales como: cafeterías, restaurante y bar, servidos todos ellos por una amplia cocina y oficio. En los sótanos se han dispuesto los servicios del edificio y sus instalaciones. La construcción es, en su totalidad, de hormigón armado, con encofrados especiales para conseguir variedad en las superficies vistas. La cubierta es de pizarra, colocada sobre una ligera armadura metálica. El edificio se completa con una zona de aparcamiento de 50 plazas de capacidad.

  11. The redesigned Bulletin is on its way

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    In May, you will discover a redesigned CERN Bulletin. Starting with the first May issue (No. 19-20/2006), the format of the Bulletin will change completely. The page layout will be more attractive, reminiscent of a proper newspaper, with pictograms to identify the different sections. The information provided will also be more visible. The Bulletin was much in need of a makeover as its current layout dates back to 1976! The introduction of the new format will coincide with the introduction of a new means of distribution. You will still receive the electronic version of the Bulletin every week directly on your computer. However, in order to avoid the waste from the dozens of copies that linger unread in people's mailboxes, the paper version will be available at a series of distribution points around the Laboratory. You will find the Bulletin along with the Staff Association newsletter at the cafeteria closest to your office. The Bulletin will be available from the following distribution points: On the Meyrin...

  12. Limited restaurant service over the Easter weekend

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    As Friday, 25 March and Monday, 28 March 2005 are CERN holidays, restaurants No. 1 (Bldg. 501- Meyrin) and No. 3 (Bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed and will remain closed on Saturday, 26 March and Sunday, 27 March. They will re-open on Tuesday, 29 March at 7.00 a.m. During these four days, a limited service will be provided by restaurant No. 2 (Bldg. 504 - Meyrin): on Friday and Monday from 8 a.m. to 8.30 p.m. and on Saturday and Sunday from 9 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. Hot meals will be served from 12.00 p.m. to 2 p.m. and from 6 p.m. to 7.30 p.m. They will be served at the self-service restaurant on the first floor on Friday and at the cafeteria on the ground floor on Saturday, Sunday and Monday. On Thursday, March 24, all three restaurants will operate according to their usual opening times except for restaurant No. 1, which will close at 9 p.m. instead of 1 a.m.

  13. Health perceptions, self and body image, physical activity and nutrition among undergraduate students in Israel.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liat Korn

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: This study examines health perceptions, self and body image, physical exercise and nutrition among undergraduate students. METHODS: A structured, self-reported questionnaire was administered to more than 1500 students at a large academic institute in Israel. The study population was heterogenic in both gender and fields of academic study. RESULTS: High correlations between health perceptions, appropriate nutrition, and positive self and body image were found. The relationships between these variables differed between the subpopulation in the sample and the different genders. Engagement in physical exercise contributed to positive body image and positive health perceptions more than engagement in healthy nutrition. Nutrition students reported higher frequencies of positive health perceptions, positive self and body image and higher engagement in physical exercise in comparison to all other students in the sample. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests, as have many before, that successful health promotion policy should reflect a collectivist rather than an individualist ethos by providing health prerequisites through a public policy of health-promotion, where the academic settings support a healthy lifestyle policy, by increasing availability of a healthy, nutritious and varied menu in the cafeterias, and offering students various activities that enhance healthy eating and exercise. IMPLICATIONS AND CONTRIBUTION: This study examined health perceptions, self-image, physical exercise and nutrition among undergraduate students and found high correlations between these topics. Nutrition students reported higher frequencies of positive health perceptions, and positive self and body image and engaged more in physical exercise when compared with all other students in the sample.

  14. Generating Renewable Electricity from Food Waste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mydin M.A.O.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Mini biogas power plant (MBPP was first used and launched in Malaysia by Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM. USM with the collaboration with Enerbon Sdn Bhd had set up this mini biogas power plant as an education and research and development tools to professionals and researchers and at the same time giving opportunities to people who are interested with this system to witness and experience it themselves by looking at how this mini biogas power plant works. There are 2 main objectives of this study being carried out; firstly to determine whether food wastes (canteen and cafeterias wastes can produce methane gas (biogas that can generate heat and electricity and secondly to establish how much methane gas (biogas can be produced with the certain amount of the feedstock. It should be pointed out that this MBPP can generate 600kW electricity per day as this system can generate electricity about 25kW/h. The methane produced per day is approximately 180 cubic metres. The higher the wastes, the higher the amount of methane gas produced. The cow dung is used to increase the bacteria in the tank; the methane gas production will be higher if the bacteria breed.

  15. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director-General would like to invite all the people working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held in the cafeteria and on the terrace (if the weather permits) of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks, snacks and a surprise music show by the CERN Big Bang Orchestra! Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! Early closure of Restaurant No. 1 (Bldg. 501, Meyrin site): Friday 17 September at 2:00 p.m. On Friday, 17 September, Restaurant No. 1 (NOVAE) will close at 2:00 p.m. owing to the Golden Jubilee party for the CERN staff. No dinner will be served that evening.

  16. "K-A-P"influence on the food safety in the colleges%K-A-P模式对高校食品安全的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁莹; 钟耀广; 吴炯华; 王锡昌

    2012-01-01

    随着高校招生规模的扩大和后勤社会化的改革,高校餐饮食品安全逐渐成为社会关注的焦点.通过对高校学生和食堂从业人员的食品安全知识态度行为进行问卷调查,探讨其对高校餐饮食品安全的影响,以进一步加强高校餐饮食品安全管理,建立高校餐饮食品安全管理长效机制.%With the expansion of college enrollment and logistic socialization reform, food safety in the colleges has become the focus of social concern. In order to strengthen the management of food safety and establish the long-term mechanism, conducted a questionnaire survey about the food safety knowledge, attitude and behavior on college students and cafeteria employees, to explore its influence on the college food safety.

  17. Belief in Food Addiction and Obesity-Related Policy Support.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica M Schulte

    Full Text Available This study examines whether belief in the food addiction construct is associated with support for obesity-related policies (e.g., restrictions on foods served in schools and workplace cafeterias, subsidies on fruits and vegetables, while simultaneously examining other factors associated with policy support (e.g., political party affiliation.Cross-sectional.Online Community.200 individuals were recruited through Amazon Mechanical Turk.Participants (n = 193 responded to three questions about belief in food addiction and a measure evaluating support for 13 obesity-related policy initiatives. Individuals also completed the modified Yale Food Addiction Scale (mYFAS, self-reported height and weight, and provided demographic information (age, gender, race, political party affiliation.Belief in food addiction was significantly associated with greater support for obesity-related initiatives, even when accounting for the significant associations of age, gender, and political party. Belief in food addiction and political party both had moderate effect sizes for predicting support for obesity-related policy. There was an interaction between age and belief in food addiction, with significant associations with policy support for both younger and older individuals, though the effect was larger for younger participants.The current study provides evidence that belief in food addiction is associated with increased obesity-related policy support, comparable to the influence of one's political party. Growing evidence for the role of an addictive process in obesity may have important implications for public support of obesity-related policy initiatives.

  18. 影响高校食堂饮食安全主要因素及其改进对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧霞

    2015-01-01

    food safety problems concerning people’s livelihood, is one of current hot issues of common concern to cause social, food safety but also with the college teachers and students of the university cafeteria eating quality and physical and mental health and safety is closely related topics. With the continuous improvement of the college logistics reform, in the new era to strengthen the importance of the food safety factors, it is necessary to improve the canteen food safety.%食品安全问题关乎民生,是时下引起社会普遍关注的热点问题之一,高校食堂的饮食安全更是与高校师生的饮食质量和身心健康安全息息相关的话题。伴随高校后勤机构改革的不断完善,在新时期加强对高校饮食安全影响因素的重视程度,提高食堂的饮食安全显得尤为必要。

  19. Adsorption of cadmium from aqueous solution onto untreated coffee grounds: Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azouaou, N., E-mail: azouaou20@yahoo.fr [Laboratory of Reaction Genius, Faculty of Mechanical and Processes Genius, University of Sciences and Technology Houari - Boumediene, USTHB, BP no 32 El Alia bab ezzouar, 16111 Algiers (Algeria); Sadaoui, Z. [Laboratory of Reaction Genius, Faculty of Mechanical and Processes Genius, University of Sciences and Technology Houari - Boumediene, USTHB, BP no 32 El Alia bab ezzouar, 16111 Algiers (Algeria); Djaafri, A. [Central laboratory, SEAAL, 97 Parc ben omar, Kouba, Algiers (Algeria); Mokaddem, H. [Laboratory of Reaction Genius, Faculty of Mechanical and Processes Genius, University of Sciences and Technology Houari - Boumediene, USTHB, BP no 32 El Alia bab ezzouar, 16111 Algiers (Algeria)

    2010-12-15

    Adsorption can be used as a cost effective and efficient technique for the removal of toxic heavy metals from wastewater. Waste materials with no further treatment such as coffee grounds from cafeterias may act as adsorbents for the removal of cadmium. Batch kinetic and equilibrium experiments were conducted to study the effects of contact time, adsorbent dose, initial pH, particle size, initial concentration of cadmium and temperature. Three adsorption isotherm models namely, Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich were used to analyse the equilibrium data. The Langmuir isotherm which provided the best correlation for Cd{sup 2+} adsorption onto coffee grounds, shows that the adsorption was favourable and the adsorption capacity found was equal to 15.65 mg g{sup -1}. Thermodynamic parameters were evaluated and the adsorption was exothermic. The equilibrium was achieved less than 120 min. The adsorption kinetic data was fitted with first and second order kinetic models. Finally it was concluded that the cadmium adsorption kinetic onto coffee grounds was well fitted by second order kinetic model rather than first order model. The results suggest that coffee grounds have high possibility to be used as effective and economical adsorbent for Cd{sup 2+} removal.

  20. Pedestrians have the right of way at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    At CERN, we are all pedestrians, often drivers, and occasionally cyclists. But our means of locomotion do not matter so long as we exercise caution and remember that a pedestrian has equal rights as a road user, except that he runs greater risks.   Whether we also travel by bike or car, irrrespective of our means of locomotion at CERN we are all pedestrians! Whether going on foot to our office, the cafeteria or a building where colleagues work, we are much more in harm's way than as a driver sitting in the shell of steel that is a car. There are some 8000 people working on the different sites of CERN. That means 8000 potential pedestrians and 8000 reasons for trying to keep the roads safe. Whether behind the steering wheel or on a bike, we sometimes forget that the roadway is not just for vehicles. Pedestrians are also fully fledged road users with equal rights. That is why drivers must remain alert and take care not to block pedestrian crossings, pavements or access ways, and why special caution...

  1. 2 obras de Marcel Breuer - U.S.A. : Edificio central para el departamento de edificación y desarrollo – Washington

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breuer, Marcel

    1970-10-01

    Full Text Available This building, in horizontal projection, has the form two Y's, joined at the base. It contains the offices of the above Department. It includes a large cafeteria, catering for three to four thousand employees, another smaller one, a library, offices, parking facilities and other services. It has been designed on a modular unit. Its external enclosure consists of prefabricated concrete units, each weighing 12 tons. The partitions are transportable, so that they can be easily relocated in accord with changing requirements, and thus giving the building a large measure of functional adaptability.El edificio, que adopta en planta la forma de dos «Y» unidas por su base, contiene las oficinas del Departamento enunciado. Dispone asimismo de: una gran cafetería que da servicio a los 3.000 o 4,000 empleados; otra más pequeña; biblioteca; dependencias de la administración; aparcamientos; etc. Diseñado modularmente, sus muros exteriores han sido construidos a base de paneles prefabricados, de hormigón visto, de 12 t. Los elementos de compartimentación son desmontables, lo que permite desplazarlos y adaptarlos a futuras distribuciones, imprimiendo una gran flexibilidad de funcionamiento al inmueble.

  2. Casa Unilever, en Hamburgo – Alemania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hentrich, H.

    1968-09-01

    Full Text Available The shape of the planform of this building corresponds closely to its basic functions. As regards the internal distribution, the basements contain undergroimd carparks; the groundfloor has the hall, waiting room, teletypes and services; the first four storeys house a cafeteria, dining rooms, kitchens and administration services, also the calculation centre. The top floors are entirely devoted to office space. Both the siting and the general aspect of the building, externally and inside are notable and outstanding.La «forma» que adopta en planta el edificio responde adecuadamente a las funciones que en el mismo se desarrollan. Por lo que respecta a la distribución: las plantas de sótano contienen los aparcamientos subterráneos. La planta baja: el hall; salas de espera; de teletipos; etc. Las cuatro primeras plantas comprenden: la cafetería; comedores; cocinas; servicios de administración del edificio. El Centro de cálculo se encuentra en la tercera planta. La cuarta planta alberga las instalaciones. En las demás plantas se distribuyen las oficinas. Tanto el emplazamiento, como el tratamiento exterior e interior de este edificio, lo distinguen como algo notable y singular.

  3. Small, medium, large or supersize? The development and evaluation of interventions targeted at portion size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vermeer, W M; Steenhuis, I H M; Poelman, M P

    2014-07-01

    In the past decades, portion sizes of high-caloric foods and drinks have increased and can be considered an important environmental obesogenic factor. This paper describes a research project in which the feasibility and effectiveness of environmental interventions targeted at portion size was evaluated. The studies that we conducted revealed that portion size labeling, offering a larger variety of portion sizes, and proportional pricing (that is, a comparable price per unit regardless of the size) were considered feasible to implement according to both consumers and point-of-purchase representatives. Studies into the effectiveness of these interventions demonstrated that the impact of portion size labeling on the (intended) consumption of soft drinks was, at most, modest. Furthermore, the introduction of smaller portion sizes of hot meals in worksite cafeterias in addition to the existing size stimulated a moderate number of consumers to replace their large meals by a small meal. Elaborating on these findings, we advocate further research into communication and marketing strategies related to portion size interventions; the development of environmental portion size interventions as well as educational interventions that improve people's ability to deal with a 'super-sized' environment; the implementation of regulation with respect to portion size labeling, and the use of nudges to stimulate consumers to select healthier portion sizes.

  4. A Two-Microphone Noise Reduction System for Cochlear Implant Users with Nearby Microphones—Part II: Performance Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudolf Häusler

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Users of cochlear implants (auditory aids, which stimulate the auditory nerve electrically at the inner ear often suffer from poor speech understanding in noise. We evaluate a small (intermicrophone distance 7 mm and computationally inexpensive adaptive noise reduction system suitable for behind-the-ear cochlear implant speech processors. The system is evaluated in simulated and real, anechoic and reverberant environments. Results from simulations show improvements of 3.4 to 9.3 dB in signal to noise ratio for rooms with realistic reverberation and more than 18 dB under anechoic conditions. Speech understanding in noise is measured in 6 adult cochlear implant users in a reverberant room, showing average improvements of 7.9–9.6 dB, when compared to a single omnidirectional microphone or 1.3–5.6 dB, when compared to a simple directional two-microphone device. Subjective evaluation in a cafeteria at lunchtime shows a preference of the cochlear implant users for the evaluated device in terms of speech understanding and sound quality.

  5. Motel Hilton, (U.S.A.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, Arquitectos Ingenieros

    1966-05-01

    Full Text Available This hotel system includes four buildings, each two storeys high, with a total of 150 guest rooms, and a central nucleus, where the reception rooms, offices, dorman's house, 2 restaurants, a cafeteria, a beauty saloon, hairdresser's shop and other facilities are located. Both the external and internal architectural pattern and style aim at providing a highly intimate atmosphere to visitors. The distribution has been most carefully thought out, to ensure maximum functional efficiency.Consta este conjunto hotelero de: 4 edificios, de dos plantas de altura cada uno, con un total de 150 habitaciones para huéspedes; y de una edificación central, que contiene las zonas de: recepción, conserjería, oficinas de la administración, 2 restaurantes, cafetería, salón de belleza, peluquería, etc. Tanto la composición estética del exterior como la del interior, imprimen una gran sensación de intimidad a usuarios y visitantes. La organización en planta ha sido estudiada con sumo cuidado, a fin de obtener un funcionamiento perfecto del conjunto.

  6. Food-and-beverage environment and procurement policies for healthier work environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Christopher D; Whitsel, Laurie P; Thorndike, Anne N; Marrow, Mary W; Otten, Jennifer J; Foster, Gary D; Carson, Jo Ann S; Johnson, Rachel K

    2014-06-01

    The importance of creating healthier work environments by providing healthy foods and beverages in worksite cafeterias, in on-site vending machines, and at meetings and conferences is drawing increasing attention. Large employers, federal and state governments, and hospital systems are significant purchasers and providers of food and beverages. The American Heart Association, federal government, and other organizations have created procurement standards to guide healthy purchasing by these entities. There is a need to review how procurement standards are currently implemented, to identify important minimum criteria for evaluating health and purchasing outcomes, and to recognize significant barriers and challenges to implementation, along with success stories. The purpose of this policy paper is to describe the role of food-and-beverage environment and procurement policy standards in creating healthier worksite environments; to review recently created national model standards; to identify elements across the standards that are important to consider for incorporation into policies; and to delineate issues to address as standards are implemented across the country.

  7. Preprandial ghrelin is not affected by macronutrient intake, energy intake or energy expenditure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rumpler William V

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ghrelin, a peptide secreted by endocrine cells in the gastrointestinal tract, is a hormone purported to have a significant effect on food intake and energy balance in humans. The influence of factors related to energy balance on ghrelin, such as daily energy expenditure, energy intake, and macronutrient intake, have not been reported. Secondly, the effect of ghrelin on food intake has not been quantified under free-living conditions over a prolonged period of time. To investigate these effects, 12 men were provided with an ad libitum cafeteria-style diet for 16 weeks. The macronutrient composition of the diets were covertly modified with drinks containing 2.1 MJ of predominantly carbohydrate (Hi-CHO, protein (Hi-PRO, or fat (Hi-FAT. Total energy expenditure was measured for seven days on two separate occasions (doubly labeled water and physical activity logs. Results Preprandial ghrelin concentrations were not affected by macronutrient intake, energy expenditure or energy intake (all P > 0.05. In turn, daily energy intake was significantly influenced by energy expenditure, but not ghrelin. Conclusion Preprandial ghrelin does not appear to be influenced by macronutrient composition, energy intake, or energy expenditure. Similarly, ghrelin does not appear to affect acute or chronic energy intake under free-living conditions.

  8. Small Prizes Increased Plain Milk and Vegetable Selection by Elementary School Children without Adversely Affecting Total Milk Purchase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan Emerson

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available (1 Background: Pediatric obesity continues to be a major public health issue. Poor food selection in the school cafeteria is a risk factor. Chocolate or strawberry flavored milk is favored by the majority of elementary school students. Previous health promotion efforts have led to increased selection of plain milk, but may compromise total milk purchased. In our study, we examined the effectiveness of small prizes as incentives to improve healthy food and beverage selection by elementary school students; (2 Methods: In a small Midwestern school district, small prizes were given to elementary school students who selected a “Power Plate” (PP, the healthful combination of a plain milk, a fruit, a vegetable and an entrée with whole grain over two academic school years; (3 Results: PP selection increased from 0.05 per student to 0.19, a 271% increase (p < 0.001. All healthful foods had increased selection with plain milk having the greatest increase, 0.098 per student to 0.255, a 159% increase (p < 0.001; (4 Total milk purchased increased modestly from 0.916 to 0.956 per student (p = 0.000331. Conclusion: Giving small prizes as a reward for healthful food selection substantially improves healthful food selection and the effect is sustainable over two academic years.

  9. Effects of switching from whole to low-fat/fat-free milk in public schools - New York city, 2004-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    In 2005, the New York City (NYC) Department of Education (DOE) began reviewing its public school food policies to determine whether changes could help address the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity in NYC. DOE determined that reducing consumption of whole milk and increasing consumption of fat-free or low-fat milk could help decrease students' fat and calorie intake while maintaining calcium consumption. However, milk industry advocates and others expressed concern that phasing out whole milk might decrease overall student demand for milk. Nevertheless, during 2005-2006, DOE removed whole milk from cafeterias in all public schools serving the city's approximately 1.1 million schoolchildren. To assess the effects of the switch on milk consumption, the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) analyzed system-wide school milk purchasing data. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicated that DOE school milk purchases per student per year increased 1.3% in fiscal year 2009 compared with 2004 purchases. By removing whole milk and switching from low-fat to fat-free chocolate milk, NYC public school milk-drinking students were served an estimated 5,960 fewer calories and 619 fewer grams of fat in 2009 than they were in 2004. Other school systems can use these results to guide changes to their own school food policies.

  10. [Determinants of food and nutrition insecurity: a study conducted in Low-budget Restaurants in Belo Horizonte in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobrinho, Fernanda Martins; Silva, Yara Cardoso; Abreu, Mery Natali Silva; Pereira, Simone Cardoso Lisboa; Dias Júnior, Cláudio Santiago

    2014-05-01

    The scope of this study is to evaluate the condition of household food and nutrition (in)security (IAN) of the users of low-budget restaurants in Belo Horizonte (BH). This is an analytical cross-sectional study carried out on all low-budget restaurants and cafeteria in BH with a sample of 1613 users. The IAN was assessed using the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale and cross-checked with the socioeconomic profile of the users. The Chisquare and Mann-Whitney tests were applied. All p-value budget restaurants are those with a lower socioeconomic level and per capita income class and those with a large number of residents in the household. Also affected are those who admit to having different kinds of wants and needs, and those for whom price and living alone are the main reasons for frequenting low-budget restaurants. The factors affecting the IAN are varied and multifactorial, thus representing a major challenge for public policy makers and for those who live directly with these dietary restrictions. The low-budget restaurants serve as a strategy for promoting healthy eating habits.

  11. DETECTION OF INTESTINAL PARASITES IN THE ENVIRONMENTS OF A PUBLIC SCHOOL IN THE TOWN OF DIAMANTINA , MINAS GERAIS STATE, BRAZIL

    Science.gov (United States)

    PEREIRA, Edvânia Beatriz dos Santos; RODRIGUES, Sâmara Lauren Cunha; BAHIA-DE-OLIVEIRA, Gustavo Henrique; COELHO, Suedali Villas Bôas; BARATA, Ricardo Andrade

    2016-01-01

    SUMMARY Intestinal parasites are a major public health problem in developing countries, most prevalent in areas where sanitation is poor and the population's hygiene is inadequate. They affect people of all ages, although school-age children are the most susceptible. In this study, we investigated the presence of intestinal parasites in the shared environments of a public school in the town of Diamantina, Minas Gerais State. From December 2012 to February 2013, samples were collected for three months (once a month) by using the Graham method (1941), in duplicate, by affixing a 6 x 5 cm clear tape, six times in each collection site, in a space of about 30 cm2. Then, each tape was positioned longitudinally on a microscope slide and the identification of the biological forms of the parasites was performed with the aid of a 40X objective from an optical microscope. Eleven sites were selected for sampling. Cysts of Entamoeba coli were the most frequently found in this study (50%), followed by Hymenolepis diminuta eggs (27.6%), Iodamoeba butschllii cysts (5.6%), Ascaris lumbricoides eggs (5.6%), Taenia species eggs (5.6%) and hookworm eggs (5.6%). The highest positivity rates were found in the samples drawn from the cafeteria's eating table. The results have indicated the need to improve the cleaning in the school environments, as well as the development of educational practices that may help in the preservation of public health. PMID:27410911

  12. Nuevo edificio de la Lincoln Savings, en Los Angeles, California, (U.S.A.

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    Deasy & Boiling, Arquitectos

    1968-03-01

    Full Text Available The building has eight floor levels devoted to the main functions of the bank, a ninth storey houses various services, and a car park is located in the basement. The ground floor is highly diaphanous and is occupied by those departments that are more intimately related with the outside public. The second floor is devoted to banking and credit operations. There is a museum on the seventh floor, and a dining hall on the eighth, as well as a cafeteria and a social zone for the staff. The remaining floor space has been let for offices to a number of commercial firms. The structure and external aspect are outstanding because of their originality.El edificio consta de ocho plantas en servicio; una novena, que alberga los equipos mecánicos; y un sótano, destinado a aparcamiento. La planta baja, que goza de una gran diafanidad, aloja los servicios que exigen un contacto más frecuente con el público; en la segunda, las secciones en las que se desarrollan las operaciones de crédito y bancarias; en la planta séptima, el museo; y en la octava, el comedor, la cafetería y zona social para empleados. Las restantes plantas han sido alquiladas para oficinas de diversas firmas y empresas comerciales. Son de destacar, la estructura y el tratamiento de fachadas, de indudable gracia y originalidad.

  13. Broad spectrum of mimiviridae virophage allows its isolation using a mimivirus reporter.

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    Morgan Gaia

    Full Text Available The giant virus Mimiviridae family includes 3 groups of viruses: group A (includes Acanthamoeba polyphaga Mimivirus, group B (includes Moumouvirus and group C (includes Megavirus chilensis. Virophages have been isolated with both group A Mimiviridae (the Mamavirus strain and the related Cafeteria roenbergensis virus, and they have also been described by bioinformatic analysis of the Phycodnavirus. Here, we found that the first two strains of virophages isolated with group A Mimiviridae can multiply easily in groups B and C and play a role in gene transfer among these virus subgroups. To isolate new virophages and their Mimiviridae host in the environment, we used PCR to identify a sample with a virophage and a group C Mimiviridae that failed to grow on amoeba. Moreover, we showed that virophages reduce the pathogenic effect of Mimivirus (plaque formation, establishing its parasitic role on Mimivirus. We therefore developed a co-culture procedure using Acanthamoeba polyphaga and Mimivirus to recover the detected virophage and then sequenced the virophage's genome. We present this technique as a novel approach to isolating virophages. We demonstrated that the newly identified virophages replicate in the viral factories of all three groups of Mimiviridae, suggesting that the spectrum of virophages is not limited to their initial host.

  14. Using benchmarking to minimize common DOE waste streams: Volume 5. Office paper waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levin, V.

    1995-10-01

    Finding innovative ways to reduce waste streams generated at US Department of Energy (DOE) sites by 50% by the year 2000 is a challenge for DOE`s waste minimization efforts. A team composed of members from several DOE facilities used the quality tool known as benchmarking to improve waste minimization efforts. First the team examined office waste generation and handling processes at their sites. Then team members developed telephone and written questionnaires to help identify potential ``best-in-class`` industry partners willing to share information about their best waste minimization techniques and technologies. The team identified two benchmarking partners, NIKE, Inc., in Beaverton, Oregon, and Microsoft, Inc., in Redmond, Washington. Both companies have proactive, employee-driven environmental issues programs. Both companies report strong employee involvement, management commitment, and readily available markets for recyclable materials such as white paper and nonwhite assorted paper. The availability of markets, the initiative and cooperation of employees, and management support are the main enablers for their programs. At both companies, recycling and waste reduction programs often cut across traditional corporate divisions such as procurement, janitorial services, environmental compliance, grounds maintenance, cafeteria operations, surplus sales, and shipping and receiving. These companies exhibited good cooperation between these functions to design and implement recycling and waste reduction programs.

  15. Consumption and sources of dietary salt in family members in Beijing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Fang; Zhang, Puhong; Zhang, Lu; Niu, Wenyi; Gao, Jianmei; Lu, Lixin; Liu, Caixia; Gao, Xian

    2015-04-10

    In China, few people are aware of the amount and source of their salt intake. We conducted a survey to investigate the consumption and sources of dietary salt using the "one-week salt estimation method" by weighing cooking salt and major salt-containing food, and estimating salt intake during dining out based on established evidence. Nine hundred and three families (1981 adults and 971 children) with students in eight primary or junior high schools in urban and suburban Beijing were recruited. On average, the daily dietary salt intake of family members in Beijing was 11.0 (standard deviation: 6.2) g for children and adolescents (under 18 years old), 15.2 (9.1) g for adults (18 to 59 years old), and 10.2 (4.8) g for senior citizens (60 years old and over), respectively. Overall, 60.5% of dietary salt was consumed at home, and 39.5% consumed outside the home. Approximately 90% of the salt intake came from cooking (household cooking and cafeteria or restaurant cooking), while less than 10% came from processed food. In conclusion, the dietary salt intake in Beijing families far surpassed the recommended amounts by World Health Organization, with both household cooking and dining-out as main sources of salt consumption. More targeted interventions, especially education about major sources of salt and corresponding methods for salt reduction should be taken to reduce the risks associated with a high salt diet.

  16. Consumption and Sources of Dietary Salt in Family Members in Beijing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fang Zhao

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In China, few people are aware of the amount and source of their salt intake. We conducted a survey to investigate the consumption and sources of dietary salt using the “one-week salt estimation method” by weighing cooking salt and major salt-containing food, and estimating salt intake during dining out based on established evidence. Nine hundred and three families (1981 adults and 971 children with students in eight primary or junior high schools in urban and suburban Beijing were recruited. On average, the daily dietary salt intake of family members in Beijing was 11.0 (standard deviation: 6.2 g for children and adolescents (under 18 years old, 15.2 (9.1 g for adults (18 to 59 years old, and 10.2 (4.8 g for senior citizens (60 years old and over, respectively. Overall, 60.5% of dietary salt was consumed at home, and 39.5% consumed outside the home. Approximately 90% of the salt intake came from cooking (household cooking and cafeteria or restaurant cooking, while less than 10% came from processed food. In conclusion, the dietary salt intake in Beijing families far surpassed the recommended amounts by World Health Organization, with both household cooking and dining-out as main sources of salt consumption. More targeted interventions, especially education about major sources of salt and corresponding methods for salt reduction should be taken to reduce the risks associated with a high salt diet.

  17. Comparison of three systems of solar water heating by thermosiphon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández, E.; Guzmán, R. E.

    2016-02-01

    The main purpose of this project was to elaborate a comparison between three water heating systems; using two plane water heating solar collector and another using a vacuum tube heater, all of them are on top of the cafeteria's roof on building of the “Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana” in Bucaramanga, Colombia. Through testing was determined each type of water heating systems' performance, where the Stainless Steel tube collector reached a maximum efficiency of 71.58%, the Copper Tubing Collector a maximum value of 76.31% and for the Vacuum Tube Heater Collector a maximum efficiency of 72.33%. The collector with copper coil was the system more efficient. So, taking into account the Performance and Temperature Curves, along with the weather conditions at the time of the testing we determined that the most efficient Solar Heating System is the one using a Vacuum Tube Heater Collector. Reaching a maximum efficiency of 72.33% and a maximum temperature of 62.6°C.

  18. Meet the Next Generation's Physics Teachers at Physics on Stage

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Physics on Stage is an international festival held at CERN where physics teachers from 22 countries will gather to invent new ways of making physics more interesting to students. From 6 to 11 November CERN will be flooded by 450 high school physics teachers from 22 European countries! So don't be surprised if you can't find a place to sit down in the cafeteria! People from Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, The Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, The Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom will come here to show, discuss, and invent new ways of teaching physics and making the subject more interesting for school children and the general public. Indeed the lack of interest in Physics is a worrying concern ­ for example in Germany the number of first year physics students has dropped more than 30 percent in the last ten years! In the UK the number of physics graduates training to be ...

  19. Edificio Tiuna, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García de Castro, Rafael

    1969-03-01

    Full Text Available This residential building in Madrid has 68 dwellings, as well as a commercial zone, and general services, such as a cafeteria, a club, hairdressing saloon, nursey, swimming pools, gymnasia, sauna, dressing rooms and a garage for 160 cars. The whole project is based on a magnificent general plan, most carefully studied, so that there are many problems which have been overcome with much plastic and functional efifciency, including circulation, avoidance of human scale effect on the external paraments, and most rational arrangement of the flats. The building has every modem convenience, including full airconditioning, so that the overall result is extremely impressive.Este conjunto residencial, situado en Madrid, consta de 68 viviendas; un sector comercial; y servicios comunes, tales como: cafetería, club, peluquería, parque infantil, guardería, piscinas, gimnasios, sauna, vestuarios y garajes para 160 coches. Todo el complejo ha sido organizado de acuerdo con un estudiado proyecto y realizado con cariño y acierto, resolviéndose múltiples problemas de plástica y funcionalismo, circulaciones, eliminación de escala humana en fachadas, etc.; las viviendas se han distribuido de una forma racional y óptima y disponen de todos los adelantos, comodidades y climatización que proporciona la técnica actual, consiguiéndose un resultado interesante.

  20. Piscina cubierta integrada en un conjunto de edificios Victorianos - Gran Bretaña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idelberger, K.

    1980-02-01

    Full Text Available This modem building, housing an in-door swimming pool, blends-in beautifully with the adjacent mid-nineteen Century Victorian railway station. The building has two floors; the ground floor with a 12 X 7 m wading pool, a 25 X 12.5 m competition pool and dressing rooms, while the upper floor houses the lockers, management office, cafeteria, etc. and a terrace enjoying magnificent views. The steel structure was designed avoiding the sternness of modern functionalism in an attempt to make it compatible with architectural environment,

    Se presenta un edificio moderno, dedicado a piscina cubierta, muy bien encajada con la inmediata estación victoriana de mediados del siglo XIX. Consta de dos plantas: inferior con piscina de no nadadores, de 12 X 7 m, vestuarios y piscina de competición, de 25 X 12,50 m; la planta superior alberga las taquillas, dirección, administración, cafetería, etcétera con una terraza desde la que se disfrutan vistas magníficas. La estructura es metálica y se ha procurado quitarle monotonía, a fin de conjugar el modernismo y funcionalidad, con el entorno no paisajístico y arquitectónico.

  1. Removal of Organic Based Oil and Grease from Food Service Facility Effluent Using a Laterite Column

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Ajith Hebbar

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The effluents from food service facilities like restaurants, hostels and cafeteria typically contain floating cooked oil, ghee, and other fatty materials which are of organic in origin. Conventionally, before allowing this effluent to treatment plant or sewer, grease traps and skimming devices are used to separate these floating organic matters. If these are not effectively separated, these may clog sewers or interfere with biological treatment system. But these conventional methods need frequent maintenance and may not be cost effective. Alternatively, in this experimental work, an attempt was made to remove floating oil and grease using adsorption by passing the wastewater through a Laterite grain column. A real scale study unit was set up at the effluent point of a restaurant. The Various parameters like height of the column, grain size, and flow rate were monitored during the experiment. The results showed that the oil and grease could be removed up to an extent of 97.6% proving that Laterite has good adsorption potential.

  2. El «Edificio Central» en las Palmas de Gran Canaria – España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz Duerto, A.

    1972-11-01

    Full Text Available A description is given of the program, characteristics, and building solutions for this unique building, situated in downtown Las Palmas. The building complex is composed of two underground levels for parking, a ground-floor and mezzanine for commercial purposes, and open plaza with swimming pool, dressing rooms, cafeteria, restaurant, dance spot, playground, and a block of 15 floors containing 137 apartments of varying size arranged so as to minimize sun overexposure and maximize privacy. The structure is of reinforced concrete and lightweight slabs, and enjoys quality fixtures which assure excellent functioning.Se describe el programa, características y solución constructiva de este edificio singular, situado en el centro cívico de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Se compone de: — dos plantas de sótano para estacionamiento de vehículos; planta baja comercial; — entreplanta comercial; — planta libre ajardinada con piscina, vestuarios-aseos, cafetería, restaurante, club de baile, juego de niños, guardería, etc.; — un bloque de 15 plantas con 137 apartamentos, de superficie variada, y dispuesto de forma que evite perjuicios de soleamiento y vistas a los edificios circundantes. Estructura de hormigón armado y losas aligeradas, con toda suerte de instalaciones que aseguren su perfecto funcionamiento.

  3. Parkhotel (Pörtschach, Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Köfer, K.

    1969-06-01

    Full Text Available This hotel has a basement, a ground floor and eight additional floor levels. It contains 147 bedrooms and 25 apartments, with a total of 400 beds. In addition to the usual services, the basement has a restaurant, whilst the ground floor includes the hall, reception facilities, social rooms, restaurants, cafeteria, and management office. The remaining floors are entirely devoted to apartments and bedrooms. Not only because of its first class design and decoration, this hotel is highly attractive owing to its magnificent emplacement on a strip of land that extends into the Wörther lake.Este «hotel» consta de sótano, planta baja y ocho plantas de altura. En él se distribuyen: 147 habitaciones y 25 apartamentos, con un total de 400 camas. En la planta de sótanos están los servicios generales del edificio y un restaurante; la planta baja contiene el hall, zonas de recepción, conserjería, dirección, administración, salones sociales, comedores, cafetería, etcétera; y las restantes plantas alojan los apartamentos y habitaciones. Además de su acertada organización y ambientación, le imprime gran atractivo a este hotel su soberbio emplazamiento sobre una lengua de tierra que penetra en el lago de Wörther.

  4. Residencia universitaria en la Universidad de Lausana, Suiza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Collomb, H.

    1969-05-01

    Full Text Available This university residence consists, basically, of two main blocks. One contains the bedrooms, and operates in a manner that is similar to that of a hotel. The other is occupied by the hexagonally shaped restaurant, and its lower height provides a pleasant contrast to the total design. Both blocks are linked by a platform that serves as roof for the commercial zone, the offices and the laboratories. The residence has 150 bedrooms, 3 apartments, a restaurant, a cafeteria, a music room, a reading room and the usual services. The external and internal aspect is satisfying and correct, very simple, and is expressed in long lasting textures that are easy to maintain.Esta residencia universitaria consta, esencialmente, de dos cuerpos de edificio: uno aloja las habitaciones y funciona con régimen similar al de un hotel; y otro, ocupado por un restaurante con planta hexagonal, cuyo volumen más bajo aporta una nota graciosa al conjunto. Ambos cuerpos están unidos por una plataforma que sirve de techo a los locales comerciales, despachos y laboratorios creados. La residencia comprende: 150 habitaciones, 3 apartamentos, un restaurante y una cafetería, sala de música, sala de lectura, etc., y los servicios generales correspondientes. Sus tratamientos exterior e interior son correctos, de elegante sencillez, textura duradera y de fácil entretenimiento.

  5. El museo «Whitney» de arte americano, en Nueva York

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    Breuer, Marcel

    1967-04-01

    Full Text Available In addition to the main exhibition galleries, of rectangular planform, this building houses a number of rooms for the exhibition of painting and sculpture, lecture halls, an auditorium, cafeteria and restaurant, library, and other secondary facilities. Both the external aspect of the building as the interior are very suitable for its functional aim: they are expressive, sincere and simple. The whole project has been carefully and delicately designed by one of the great masters of contemporary architecture.Además de las Galerías principales de exposición, de planta rectangular, este edificio alberga: una serie de locales en los que pueden exhibirse pinturas y esculturas; las oficinas; salas de conferencias; un auditorio; cafetería con restaurante; biblioteca; etc. Tanto la composición estética de las fachadas como la del interior del edificio son adecuadas y acertadas, delatando, con sincera y expresiva sencillez, la obra, cuidadosamente estudiada y realizada, de un gran maestro de la Arquitectura contemporánea.

  6. Prediction of speech intelligibility in spatial noise and reverberation for normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beutelmann, Rainer; Brand, Thomas

    2006-07-01

    Binaural speech intelligibility of individual listeners under realistic conditions was predicted using a model consisting of a gammatone filter bank, an independent equalization-cancellation (EC) process in each frequency band, a gammatone resynthesis, and the speech intelligibility index (SII). Hearing loss was simulated by adding uncorrelated masking noises (according to the pure-tone audiogram) to the ear channels. Speech intelligibility measurements were carried out with 8 normal-hearing and 15 hearing-impaired listeners, collecting speech reception threshold (SRT) data for three different room acoustic conditions (anechoic, office room, cafeteria hall) and eight directions of a single noise source (speech in front). Artificial EC processing errors derived from binaural masking level difference data using pure tones were incorporated into the model. Except for an adjustment of the SII-to-intelligibility mapping function, no model parameter was fitted to the SRT data of this study. The overall correlation coefficient between predicted and observed SRTs was 0.95. The dependence of the SRT of an individual listener on the noise direction and on room acoustics was predicted with a median correlation coefficient of 0.91. The effect of individual hearing impairment was predicted with a median correlation coefficient of 0.95. However, for mild hearing losses the release from masking was overestimated.

  7. D-area oil seepage basin bioventing optimization test plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berry, C.J.; Radway, J.C.; Alman, D.; Hazen, T.C.

    1998-12-31

    The D Area Oil Seepage Basin (DOSB) was used from 1952 to 1975 for disposal of petroleum-based products (waste oils), general office and cafeteria waste, and apparently some solvents [trichloroethylene (TCE)/tetrachloroethylene (PCE)]. Numerous analytical results have indicated the presence of TCE and its degradation product vinyl chloride in groundwater in and around the unit, and of petroleum hydrocarbons in soils within the unit. The DOSB is slated for additional assessment and perhaps for environmental remediation. In situ bioremediation represents a technology of demonstrated effectiveness in the reclamation of sites contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons and chlorinated solvents, and has been retained as an alternative for the cleanup of the DOSB. The Savannah River Site is therefore proposing to conduct a field treatability study designed to demonstrate and optimize the effectiveness of in situ microbiological biodegradative processes at the DOSB. The introduction of air and gaseous nutrients via two horizontal injection wells (bioventing) is expected to enhance biodegradation rates of petroleum components and stimulate microbial degradation of chlorinated solvents. The data gathered in this test will allow a determination of the biodegradation rates of contaminants of concern in the soil and groundwater, allow an evaluation of the feasibility of in situ bioremediation of soil and groundwater at the DOSB, and provide data necessary for the functional design criteria for the final remediation system.

  8. Bioleaching remediation of heavy metal-contaminated soils using Burkholderia sp. Z-90.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Zhihui; Zhang, Zhi; Chai, Liyuan; Wang, Yong; Liu, Yi; Xiao, Ruiyang

    2016-01-15

    Bioleaching is an environment-friendly and economical technology to remove heavy metals from contaminated soils. In this study, a biosurfactant-producing strain with capacity of alkaline production was isolated from cafeteria sewer sludge and its capability for removing Zn, Pb, Mn, Cd, Cu, and As was investigated. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rDNA gene sequences confirmed that the strain belonged to Burkholderia sp. and named as Z-90. The biosurfactant was glycolipid confirmed by thin layer chromatography and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. Z-90 broth was then used for bioleaching remediation of heavy metal-contaminated soils. The removal efficiency was 44.0% for Zn, 32.5% for Pb, 52.2% for Mn, 37.7% for Cd, 24.1% for Cu and 31.6% for As, respectively. Mn, Zn and Cd were more easily removed from soil than Cu, Pb and As, which was attributed to the presence of high acid-soluble fraction of Mn, Zn and Cd and high residual fraction of Cu, Pb and As. The heavy metal removal in soils was contributed to the adhesion of heavy metal-contaminated soil minerals with strain Z-90 and the formation of a metal complex with biosurfactant.

  9. Visceral adiposity influences glucose and glycogen metabolism in control and hyperlipidic-fed animals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Kaiser de Souza

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Evidences suggest that fat intake, visceral obesity and intracellular lipids are related to insulin impairment. Objective: The objective of the present paper was correlate visceral obesity and metabolic alterations in control (CTR and hyperlipidic cafeteria diet (CFT fed animals. Methods: After 6 months of diet treatment, liver and muscle of the male rats were utilized to determined glucose uptake and glycogen metabolism after administration of 0.4I U/kg insulin in vivo, and correlate the visceral adiposity to these two parameters. Results: Ample range of physiologic answers to body composition in metabolic profile of the both diets was found. No differences were found in glycemia and triacylglycerol after insulin action in both groups, however CFT group accumulated higher adiposity, mostly visceral fat, and showed lower glycogen content in the liver. We also found an inverse correlation between visceral adiposity and glucose uptake and a decrease of the glycogen synthase active form in the liver. CTR animals demonstrated an inverse correlation between glucose uptake and visceral adiposity in the muscle. Discussion and conclusion: It was observed a variability of metabolic alterations in animals which can be related to degree of accumulation of abdominal adiposity and ingestion of diet fats. Further studies will be required to clarify the reasons for the observed liver alterations in CFT and muscle alterations in CTR animals.

  10. Energy-Performance-Based Design-Build Process: Strategies for Procuring High-Performance Buildings on Typical Construction Budgets: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheib, J.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

    2014-08-01

    NREL experienced a significant increase in employees and facilities on our 327-acre main campus in Golden, Colorado over the past five years. To support this growth, researchers developed and demonstrated a new building acquisition method that successfully integrates energy efficiency requirements into the design-build requests for proposals and contracts. We piloted this energy performance based design-build process with our first new construction project in 2008. We have since replicated and evolved the process for large office buildings, a smart grid research laboratory, a supercomputer, a parking structure, and a cafeteria. Each project incorporated aggressive efficiency strategies using contractual energy use requirements in the design-build contracts, all on typical construction budgets. We have found that when energy efficiency is a core project requirement as defined at the beginning of a project, innovative design-build teams can integrate the most cost effective and high performance efficiency strategies on typical construction budgets. When the design-build contract includes measurable energy requirements and is set up to incentivize design-build teams to focus on achieving high performance in actual operations, owners can now expect their facilities to perform. As NREL completed the new construction in 2013, we have documented our best practices in training materials and a how-to guide so that other owners and owner's representatives can replicate our successes and learn from our experiences in attaining market viable, world-class energy performance in the built environment.

  11. Engaging Rural Appalachian High School Girls in College Science Laboratories to Foster STEM-Related Career Interest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Louise Kelly

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Setting students on a path to success in careers in science is a challenge in poor rural Appalachian public schools. Students face many socioeconomic obstacles. Their teachers are also limited by many factors including inadequate facilities, under-funding, geographical isolation of the schools, and state-testing constraints. Additionally, students and teachers lack the availability of outside science educational opportunities. In an effort to address this situation, 24 academically strong high school junior girls and their teachers from the Carter County School System in rural east Tennessee were invited for a laboratory day at Milligan College, a small liberal arts college in the heart of the county. Science faculty, female science majors, and admissions staff volunteered in service to the project. The event included three laboratory sessions, lunch in the college cafeteria, and campus tours. This successful example, as evidenced by positive evaluations by the invited girls and their teachers, of educational outreach by a local, small liberal arts college to a rural county school system provides a model for establishing a relationship between higher education institutions and these underprivileged schools, with the intention of drawing more of these poor, rural Appalachian students, particularly girls, into a science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM career path.

  12. Mood and the macro-nutrient composition of breakfast and the mid-day meal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benton, David; Brock, Helen

    2010-12-01

    Six hundred and eighty-six individuals were approached at mid-day after they had chosen a meal in a cafeteria. They were asked to rate their mood during the morning and list what they had eaten that morning. Both males and females who had eaten breakfast rather than fasting reported that they had been happier and more relaxed during the morning. The macro-nutrient compositions of breakfast and lunch were calculated and related to mood during the morning. In males, but not females, the consumption of more carbohydrate in the morning was associated with feeling happy rather than sad and relaxed rather than stressed. Further examination demonstrated that in males the amount of fat, protein and total energy consumed was not associated with mood; that is there was a selective relationship between carbohydrate intake and mood. It was not possible to establish whether the nature of breakfast influenced mood or the pre-existing mood influenced the choice of breakfast although both explanations are plausible. In females, however, there was no relationship between carbohydrate intake and mood, possibly a reflection of the smaller amounts consumed. The suggestion that mood during the morning might influence food choice at mid-day was considered but no association was found.

  13. Small prizes increased healthful school lunch selection in a Midwestern school district.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, Robert; Lockhart, Mary Kate; Barnes, Allison S; Hiller, Elizabeth; Kipp, Roger; Robison, Debora L; Ellsworth, Samantha C; Hudgens, Michelle E

    2016-04-01

    As obesity has become a pressing health issue for American children, greater attention has been focused on how schools can be used to improve how students eat. Previously, we piloted the use of small prizes in an elementary school cafeteria to improve healthful food selection. We hoped to increase healthful food selection in all the elementary schools of a small school district participating in the United States Department of Agriculture Lunch Program by offering prizes to children who selected a Power Plate (PP), which consisted of an entrée with whole grains, a fruit, a vegetable, and plain low-fat milk. In this study, the PP program was introduced to 3 schools sequentially over an academic year. During the kickoff week, green, smiley-faced emoticons were placed by preferred foods, and children were given a prize daily if they chose a PP on that day. After the first week, students were given a sticker or temporary tattoo 2 days a week if they selected a PP. Combining data from the 3 schools in the program, students increased PP selection from 4.5% at baseline to 49.4% (p < 0.0001) during an intervention period of 2.5 school weeks. The school with the longest intervention period, 6 months, showed a PP selection increase of from 3.9% to 26.4% (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, giving small prizes as rewards dramatically improves short-term healthful food selection in elementary school children.

  14. Conjunto industrial «BINESA», Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbero Rebolledo, Manuel

    1966-02-01

    Full Text Available This project is near Madrid and is intented for the manufacture of pharmaceutical products. It includes a manufacturing section, a storage zone, one devoted to offices, dressing rooms and cafeteria. There is also an elevated water tank, a control house, a bicycle parking place and a transformer hut. The whole set of buildings is of untreated concrete and straw coloured bricks: they add up to a highly varied and beautifully plastic set of space forms.Situado en las proximidades de Madrid, está destinado a la fabricación de productos farmacéuticos y se compone de los siguientes edificios independientes: un núcleo de fabricación y almacenamiento y otro de oficinas, vestuario y cafetería. Forman parte también del conjunto: un depósito elevado, la caseta de control, un bicicletero y una caseta de transformación. Todo ello en hormigón visto y ladrillo pajizo, componiendo volúmenes de gran variedad y belleza plástica.

  15. Attractiveness of native mammal's feces of different trophic guilds to dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeinae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogoni, Juliano A; Hernández, Malva I M

    2014-01-01

    Mammal feces are the primary food and nesting resource for the majority of dung beetle species, and larval development depends on the quantity and quality of that resource. Physiological necessities, competitive interactions, and resource sharing are common and suggest that dung beetles may show preferences for feces of greater nutritional quality, which may in turn impact beetle assemblages and community structure. This study investigated whether attractiveness of dung beetles to different resource (feces) types varies depending on mammal trophic guild and associated nutritional content. This study was conducted in Atlantic Forest fragments in the Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro, Santa Catarina, Brazil. To evaluate attractiveness, the feces of the carnivore Puma concolor, the omnivores Cerdocyon thous and Sapajus nigritus, and the herbivore Tapirus terrestris were utilized as bait. Dung was collected from zoo animals fed a standard diet. Sampling was performed in triplicate in five areas in the summer of 2013. Four pitfall traps were established in each area, and each trap was baited with one type of mammal feces. Food preference of the species was analyzed by calculating Rodgers' index for cafeteria-type experiments. In total, 426 individuals from 17 species were collected. Rodgers' index showed that omnivorous mammal feces (C. thous) were most attractive to all dung beetle species, although it is known that dung beetles are commonly opportunistic with respect to search for and allocation of food resources. These results suggest that mammal loss could alter competitive interactions between dung beetles.

  16. There is a buzz about working here

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    Look around you: what is the nationality of your colleague next door? What kind of profile and education does he/she have? Thousands of people from all over Europe and with a variety of job profiles work in harmony and contribute to the success of the Organization.   The outside area of the CERN cafeteria as seen by the CERNland graphic artists. People meet here from all corners of CERN. CERN is a physics Laboratory but, in order to be at the forefront of fundamental research and leading-edge technology, it needs the skills and expertise of people in a wide variety of different fields, from virtually all branches of engineering to information technology and administration. While the popularity of CERN in the physics community makes it very easy for the Recruitment Office to have a wide spectrum of high quality candidates in this field, it is not always obvious for other categories – such as engineers and technicians – to think of CERN as an appealing place to work. The newly ...

  17. Decreasing bullying behaviors in middle school: expect respect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nese, Rhonda N T; Horner, Robert H; Dickey, Celeste Rossetto; Stiller, Brianna; Tomlanovich, Anne

    2014-09-01

    A nonconcurrent multiple baseline across 3 middle schools was used to assess the impact that teaching all students to follow the Bullying and Harassment Prevention in Positive Behavior Support: Expect Respect intervention had on bullying behaviors. The 3 schools were using School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports and as part of this effort all students in each school had been taught to discriminate "respectful" versus "nonrespectful" behavior. The Expect Respect intervention included, 3 1-hr lessons over a 6-month period to learn (a) how to signal "stop" when encountering nonrespectful behavior, (b) how to follow a "stopping routine" when asked to stop, (c) how to utilize the "bystander routine" when you are a witness to disrespectful behavior that does not stop even after the perpetrator has been asked to, and (d) how to recruit adult support if bullying behaviors endured. Before intervention implementation, 8 students from each school were engaged in focus groups to define the perceived need for bully prevention, and the bully prevention routines that best fit the social culture of their school. Data assessing the fidelity of intervention implementation indicate that the program was used with high fidelity and that in each of the 3 schools a reduction of verbal or physical aggression in the cafeteria was documented via direct observation. No consistent patterns were found with respect to the conditional probabilities that bystanders or recipients of bullying would use the bully prevention routines. No consistent changes were reported in student pre-post rating of school climate.

  18. Found a USB stick? Go and infect your PC!

    CERN Document Server

    Computer Security Team

    2012-01-01

    Err. Wait. Please no! USB sticks are not innocent little things. They can quickly mutate into malicious nasty beasts! Just in the recent past, at least two physics experiments were suffering as their control and data acquisition PCs, respectively, were infected by USB sticks holding malicious code. A bit longer ago, a series of laptops were infected at a 2008 computing conference as an infected USB stick made its tour around. Bad luck for those who ran a Windows operating system and inserted that stick…   So, you found a USB stick in the cafeteria? Take care. If this were a lollipop, you wouldn’t just pick it up and lick it, would you? So beware of USB sticks whose origin or previous usage you don’t know. They might infect your PC once plugged in. In order to be on the safe side, accept and share only USB sticks whose owner you trust. Run up-to-date anti-virus software on your PC, make sure that its operating system is patched...

  19. 如何保证高校食堂食品的卫生与安全%How to ensure the college canteen food hygiene and safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵羽春

    2012-01-01

      The protection of college students' health level, improve the quality of life is one of the important measures, and food safety is the basic guarantee of health security, canteen food hygiene safety and nutrition problems is that school and society are the topic of common concern. The college cafeteria nutrition and diet safety has a direct influence on the teachers and students of normal life and learning; affect the long-term development of a school. The dining room food safety problems, how to guarantee the food security to become the number one issue.%  保障大学生健康水平,提高生活质量是一项重要的举措,而食品的安全卫生则是健康保障的基础,保障食堂食品卫生安全及营养问题是学校乃至社会所共同关注的话题。高校食堂营养以及饮食安全直接影响着师生们的正常学习与生活,影响着学校的长远发展。高校食堂食品安全方面存在诸多问题,如何保证高校食品安全成为了首要问题。

  20. Development of an intervention programme to encourage high school students to stay in school for lunch instead of eating at nearby fast-food restaurants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaulieu, Dominique; Godin, Gaston

    2012-08-01

    Many schools have recently adopted food policies and replaced unhealthy products by healthy foods. Consequently, adolescents are more likely to consume a healthy meal if they stay in school for lunch to eat a meal either prepared at home or purchased in school cafeterias. However, many continue to eat in nearby fast-food restaurants. The present paper describes the development of a theory-based intervention programme aimed at encouraging high school students to stay in school for lunch. Intervention Mapping and the Theory of Planned Behaviour served as theoretical frameworks to guide the development of a 12-week intervention programme of activities addressing intention, descriptive norm, perceived behavioural control and attitude. It was offered to students and their parents with several practical applications, such as structural environmental changes, and educational activities, such as audio and electronic messages, posters, cooking sessions, pamphlets, improvisation play theatre, quiz, and conferences. The programme considers theoretical and empirical data, taking into account specific beliefs and contexts of the target population. This paper should help programme planners in the development of appropriate interventions addressing the problem.

  1. Dietary habits contributing to the cancer prevention among health college students in Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nogay, Nalan Hakime; Akinci, Ayse Cil; Sert, Havva; Kurtulus, Zeynep; Gedik, Selda

    2012-01-01

    This descriptive study was made to evaluate the dietary habits contributing to cancer prevention of 319 health college students. Data collection form included questions about demographic characteristics and 33 statements which evaluate dietary habits contributing to cancer prevention. Among the students, 56.1% consumed fast food outside the home/dormitory twice a week or more and 47% never exercised. Moreover, 63.9% of the students reported that their dietary habits changed negatively and 69% stated that their fruit and vegetable consumption decreased after starting the health college. The students mostly paid attention to preserving food and water consumption while they paid least attention to maintaining healthy weight and whole grain consumption. Female students, those who paid attention to the amount and calorie of the food they consumed, students who did not consume fast food, and students who exercised twice a week or three times a week had better dietary habits contributing to cancer prevention (pfast food consumption and increase fruit and vegetable consumption and exercising in university students should be implemented. For this purpose, appropriate conditions for preparing and preserving healthy food should be provided as well as increasing the frequency of vegetable containing meals and providing fruits and salads in every meal at school cafeterias.

  2. Workspaces that move people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waber, Ben; Magnolfi, Jennifer; Lindsay, Greg

    2014-10-01

    Few companies measure whether the design of their workspaces helps or hurts performance, but they should. The authors have collected data that capture individuals' interactions, communications, and location information. They've learned that face-to-face interactions are by far the most important activity in an office; creating chance encounters between knowledge workers, both inside and outside the organization, improves performance. The Norwegian telecom company Telenor was ahead of its time in 2003, when it incorporated "hot desking" (no assigned seats) and spaces that could easily be reconfigured for different tasks and evolving teams. The CEO credits the design of the offices with helping Telenor shift from a state-run monopoly to a competitive multinational carrier with 150 million subscribers. In another example, data collected at one pharmaceuticals company showed that when a salesperson increased interactions with coworkers on other teams by 10%, his or her sales increased by 10%. To get the sales staff running into colleagues from other departments, management shifted from one coffee machine for every six employees to one for every 120 and created a new large cafeteria for everyone. Sales rose by 20%, or $200 million, afterjust one quarter, quickly justifying the capital investment in the redesign.

  3. A lesson in history and optimism

    CERN Multimedia

    Corinne Pralavorio

    2013-01-01

    François de Rose, one of CERN’s founding fathers, has kept his promise. At the celebration to mark his hundredth birthday held at the Laboratory in 2010, he announced that he would come back when the Higgs boson had been discovered.     François de Rose in the ATLAS cavern. Now approaching his 103rd birthday, the former French ambassador and CERN President of Council came back to CERN and visited the ATLAS experiment and the Computer Centre. Expressing pride in the Organization as a “great European achievement” which “has surpassed the hopes of its founding fathers”, François de Rose received from the Director-General two framed images of Higgs candidate events, one from ATLAS and the other from CMS. He ended his visit in the CERN cafeteria, observing mischievously: “This is the most important place in the Laboratory “. François de Rose promised to come back for the next di...

  4. Nutrition considerations in special environments for aquatic sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stellingwerff, Trent; Pyne, David B; Burke, Louise M

    2014-08-01

    Elite athletes who compete in aquatic sports face the constant challenge of arduous training and competition schedules in difficult and changing environmental conditions. The huge range of water temperatures to which swimmers and other aquatic athletes are often exposed (16-31 °C for open-water swimming), coupled with altered aquatic thermoregulatory responses as compared with terrestrial athletes, can challenge the health, safety, and performance of these athletes. Other environmental concerns include air and water pollution, altitude, and jetlag and travel fatigue. However, these challenging environments provide the potential for several nutritional interventions that can mitigate the negative effects and enhance adaptation and performance. These interventions include providing adequate hydration and carbohydrate and iron intake while at altitude; optimizing body composition and fluid and carbohydrate intake when training or competing in varying water temperatures; and maximizing fluid and food hygiene when traveling. There is also emerging information on nutritional interventions to manage jetlag and travel fatigue, such as the timing of food intake and the strategic use of caffeine or melatonin. Aquatic athletes often undertake their major global competitions where accommodations feature cafeteria-style buffet eating. These environments can often lead to inappropriate choices in the type and quantity of food intake, which is of particular concern to divers and synchronized swimmers who compete in physique-specific sports, as well as swimmers who have a vastly reduced energy expenditure during their taper. Taken together, planned nutrition and hydration interventions can have a favorable impact on aquatic athletes facing varying environmental challenges.

  5. Plat du jour – Short Films!

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni

    2014-01-01

    Next week, take a break from the cafeteria and have a ciné-lunch at the Globe!   How about if, for a change, you forgot your lunch meeting and went to the movies with your colleagues (or that person that you always wanted to ask out) right here on the CERN site? CERN will be hosting the next CineGlobe International Film Festival from 18 to 23 March in the Globe of Science and Innovation, with the theme "Beyond the Frontier". The 4th annual festival will see 66 short films "inspired by science" in competition, including fiction films as well as documentaries. From Tuesday 18 to Friday 21, special lunch sessions will take place from 12.30 p.m. to 1.30 p.m. Food will be available for purchase at the “Café Cinéma” tent next to the Globe. Special evenings: While the short film screenings are the heart of the festival, each year CineGlobe also organises compelling special events every night, from feature fil...

  6. Cultural change and support of waste minimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boylan, M.S. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering Lab.

    1991-12-31

    The process of bringing a subject like pollution prevention to top of mind awareness, where designed to prevent waste becomes part of business as usual, is called cultural change. With Department of Energy orders and management waste minimization commitment statements on file, the REAL work is just beginning at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL); shaping the attitudes of 11,000+ employees. The difficulties of such a task are daunting. The 890 square mile INEL site and in-town support offices mean a huge diversity of employee jobs and waste streams; from cafeteria and auto maintenance wastes to high-level nuclear waste casks. INEL is pursuing a three component cultural change strategy: training, publicity, and public outreach. To meet the intent of DOE orders, all INEL employees are slated to receive pollution prevention orientation training. More technical training is given to targeted groups like purchasing and design engineering. To keep newly learned pollution prevention concepts top-of-mind, extensive site-wide publicity is being developed and conducted, culminating in the April Pollution Prevention Awareness Week coinciding with Earth Day 1992. Finally, news of INEL pollution prevention successes is shared with the public to increase their overall environmental awareness and their knowledge of INEL activities. An important added benefit is the sense of pride the program instills in INEL employees to have their successes displayed so publicly.

  7. Modifying the Marketing Mix of Library Services In Accordance With the Market Mechanism (An Applied Study at Jordanian Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basim Anagreh

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The concept of this research appeals for the library to be a recreational and scientific organization consistent with the local community, and interacts within the framework of the market mechanism qualifying it to face the challenges of the modern era and as well as creating self-funding library. The traditional presentation of the library services is not in line with the requirements of the marketing concepts. So, the concept of library as service organization has to be modified to meet consumers (customers perceptions of the present generations through highlighting the library as an attractive organization. The development of the activity of the university library requires providing further additional services; such as photocopy services, cinema halls, and entertainment facilities for children, cafeteria, as well as providing the library with natural landscaping scenes and scientific atmospheres that encourage the educational process. Enabling the library to play its leading role as a productive organization in accordance with the ‘’supply and demand mechanism’’ requires also reformulation its marketing mix which allows the library to disseminate knowledge, raise the scientific level of the population categories and delivery of information to the largest number of citizens.

  8. CERN in the Media – Video Presentations

    CERN Multimedia

    Carolyn Lee

    2010-01-01

    You may have seen them around the CERN site – cameramen, reporters and presenters roaming around hallways and cafeterias, interviewing people and doing their best to tell the world about the Large Hadron Collider. In recent years CERN has dominated the media spotlight when it comes to particle physics. And particle physics has become cool and interesting among the general public. When CERN’s Press Office announces media events, such as the start-up of the LHC in September 2008, the premiere of "Angels and Demons" in February 2009, the twentieth anniversary of the World Wide Web in March 2009 and the LHC First Physics event in March 2010, hundreds of journalists throng to CERN to capture the atmosphere and interview people. These events have resulted in thousands of print articles and hundreds of TV programmes around the world. Starting on 28 May, the CERN Press Office will be organizing film/news/TV programme presentations during lunchtimes every other Friday. This i...

  9. Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis: A Search for Factual Animal Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanches, Sheila Cristina L; Ramalho, Leandra Naira Z; Augusto, Marlei Josiele; da Silva, Deisy Mara; Ramalho, Fernando Silva

    2015-01-01

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by hepatic steatosis, which occurs in the absence of alcohol abuse. NAFLD can evolve into progressive liver injury and fibrosis in the form of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Several animal models have been developed to attempt to represent the morphological, biochemical, and clinical features of human NASH. The actual review presents a critical analysis of the most commonly used experimental models of NAFLD/NASH development. These models can be classified into genetic, nutritional, and a combination of genetic and nutritional factors. The main genetic models are ob/ob and db/db mutant mice and Zucker rats. The principal nutritional models employ methionine- and choline-deficient, high-fat, high-cholesterol and high-cholate, cafeteria, and high-fructose diets. Currently, associations between high-fructose and various compositions of high-fat diets have been widely studied. Previous studies have encountered significant difficulties in developing animal models capable of reproducing human NASH. Some models produce consistent morphological findings, but the induction method differs significantly compared with the pathophysiology of human NASH. Other models precisely represent the clinical and etiological contexts of this disease but fail to provide accurate histopathological representations mainly in the progression from steatosis to liver fibrosis.

  10. Calorie menu labeling on quick-service restaurant menus: an updated systematic review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swartz Jonas J

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Nutrition labels are one strategy being used to combat the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 mandates that calorie labels be added to menu boards of chain restaurants with 20 or more locations. This systematic review includes seven studies published since the last review on the topic in 2008. Authors searched for peer-reviewed studies using PUBMED and Google Scholar. Included studies used an experimental or quasi-experimental design comparing a calorie-labeled menu with a no-calorie menu and were conducted in laboratories, college cafeterias, and fast food restaurants. Two of the included studies were judged to be of good quality, and five of were judged to be of fair quality. Observational studies conducted in cities after implementation of calorie labeling were imprecise in their measure of the isolated effects of calorie labels. Experimental studies conducted in laboratory settings were difficult to generalize to real world behavior. Only two of the seven studies reported a statistically significant reduction in calories purchased among consumers using calorie-labeled menus. The current evidence suggests that calorie labeling does not have the intended effect of decreasing calorie purchasing or consumption.

  11. Sunkist. Edificio Central – (EE. UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert C. Martin, Asociados

    1972-04-01

    Full Text Available Sunkist central building – (U.S.A. Architects: Albert C. Martin and Associates It consists of three floors: — the ground floor includes an auditorium, kitchen and cafeteria, a private diningroom, office area, etc.; — on the first floor are the sales department and the electronic data processing department, and — on the second floor, the firm's executive personnel department, and three kitchens for experimenting with products and developing formulas. This building was planned with the idea of reviving, by the design and the materials used, the memory and character of Old California.Consta de tres plantas: — la baja comprende: un auditorio, cocina y cafetería; un comedor privado, una zona dedicada a oficinas, etc.; — la segunda planta contiene: los departamentos de ventas y de proceso electrónico de datos, y — en la tercera planta se distribuyen: el departamento de personal ejecutivo de la empresa; y tres cocinas para la experimentación de productos y de fórmulas a desarrollar. El edificio fue proyectado pensando en que, por sus materiales y diseño, suscitase el recuerdo y el carácter de la antigua California.

  12. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE : ASCENSION AND WHITSUNTIDE WEEKENDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Restaurant Supervisory Committee

    2002-01-01

    Details of the arrangements to ensure the provision of a restaurant service during the Ascension and Whitsuntide weekends are given below. On all the days indicated, hot meals will be served from 11h30 to 14h00 and 18h00 to 19h30.   RESTAURANT SATELLITE CAFETERIAS KIOSQUE No. Opening times Usual opening times ASCENSION Thursday 9 May 1 2 3 08h00 - 21h00 Friday 10 May 1 2 3   07h00 - 21h00 07h00 - 18h00 Bldg. 40 Bldg. 30, 54 Bldg. 864 08h00 - 17h00     Saturday 11 May 1 2 3 07h00 - 23h00     Sunday 12 May 1 2 3 07h00 - 23h00     WHITSUNTIDE Saturday 18 May 1 2 3 08h00 - 21h00     Sunday 19 May 1 2 3 08h00 - 21h00     Monday 20 May 1 2 3 08h00 - 21h00     Restaurant Supervisory Committee Tel. 77551

  13. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE: ASCENSION AND WHITSUNTIDE WEEKENDS

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Details of the arrangements to ensure the provision of a restaurant service during the Ascension and Whitsuntide weekends are given below. On all the days indicated, hot meals will be served from 11h30 to 14h00 and 18h00 to 19h30. DATERESTAURANT No.Opening times ASCENSION Thursday, May 29 1 2 08h00 - 21h00 3 Friday, May 30 1 2 07h00 - 21h00 3 07h00 - 18h00 Saturday, May 31 1 2 09h00 - 20h00 3 Sunday, June 1st 1 2 09h00 - 20h00 3 WHITSUNTIDE Saturday, June 7 1 08h00 - 21h00 2 3 Sunday, June 8 1 08h00 - 21h00 2 3 Monday, June 9 1 08h00 - 21h00 2 3 SATELLITE CAFETERIAS (Bldgs. 30, 40, 54) will open at the usual hours on Friday 30 May only. The KIOSK will open from 8:00 to 17:00 hrs on Friday 30 May.

  14. Occupational exposure to chemical and biological agents in the nonproduction departments of pulp, paper, and paper product mills: an international study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teschke, K; Ahrens, W; Andersen, A; Boffetta, P; Fincham, S; Finkelstein, M; Henneberger, P; Kauppinen, T; Kogevinas, M; Korhonen, K; Liss, G; Liukkonnen, T; Osvoll, P; Savela, A; Szadkowska-Stanczyk, I; Westberg, H; Widerkiewicz, K

    1999-01-01

    As part of an international epidemiological study of workers in the pulp and paper industry, previously unpublished exposure measurements were assembled in a database. This article describes 7293 measurements in nonproduction departments from 147 mills in 11 countries. The greatest variety of agents was measured in the maintenance, construction, and cleaning department, where high exposures to asbestos, chromium [VI] compounds, copper, mercury in urine, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, styrene, sulfur dioxide, trichloroethylene, and welding fumes were observed. Measurements in the storage, yard, loading, and shipping department indicated high exposures to asbestos, carbon monoxide, fungal spores, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and total dust. The steam and power generation department had high exposures to methyl mercaptan, silica, and total dust. Measurements in process and effluent water treatment, laboratory and research, engineering, and office, administration, and cafeteria areas had few elevated exposures. Throughout the nonproduction departments, measurements of pulp-production chemicals such as chlorine and sulfur compounds tended to be low, with many below detection limits. There were some problems with the available data; in particular, detection limits were often not specified, and the data tended to be clustered in such a way that sources of exposure variability could not be distinguished. Despite these problems, the data provide new insight into the exposures of nonproduction pulp and paper industry personnel.

  15. Soil quality index as affected by different cropping systems in northwestern Himalayas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofi, J A; Bhat, A G; Kirmai, N A; Wani, J A; Lone, Aabid H; Ganie, Mumtaz A; Dar, G I H

    2016-03-01

    Soil quality assessment provides a tool for evaluating the sustainability of soils under different crop cafeterias. Our objective was to develop the soil quality index for evaluating the soil quality indicators under different cropping systems in northwest Himalaya-India. Composite soil samples were taken from the study area from different cropping systems which include T1 (forest soil control), T2 (rice-oilseed, lower belts), T3 (rice-oilseed, higher belts), T4 (rice-oats), T5 (rice-fallow), T6 (maize-oats), T7 (maize-peas), T8 (apple), T9 (apple-beans), and T10 (apple-maize). Physical, chemical, and biological soil indicators were determined, and it was found that soil enzyme activities involved in nutrient cycling were significantly higher in forest soils, which were reflected in higher levels of available pool of nutrients. Carbon stocks were found significantly higher in forest soil which was translated in improved soil physical condition. Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed to reduce multidimensionality of data followed by scoring by homothetic transformation of the selected indicators. Pearson's interclass correlation was performed to avoid redundancy, and highly correlated variables were not retained. Inclusion of legumes in the apple orchard floor recorded highest soil quality rating across the treatments. Cereal-based cropping systems were found in lower soil quality rating; however, the incorporation of peas in the system improved soil health.

  16. How Continental Bank outsourced its "crown jewels.".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huber, R L

    1993-01-01

    No industry relies more on information than banking does, yet Continental, one of America's largest banks, outsources its information technology. Why? Because that's the best way to service the customers that form the core of the bank's business, says vice chairman Dick Huber. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Continental participated heavily with Penn Square Bank in energy investments. When falling energy prices burst Penn Square's bubble in 1982, Continental was stuck with more than $1 billion in bad loans. Eight years later when Dick Huber came on board, Continental was working hard to restore its once solid reputation. Executives had made many tough decisions already, altering the bank's focus from retail to business banking and laying off thousands of employees. Yet management still needed to cut costs and improve services to stay afloat. Regulators, investors, and analysts were watching every step. Continental executives, eager to focus on the bank's core mission of serving business customers, decided to outsource one after another in-house service--from cafeteria services to information technology. While conventional wisdom holds that banks must retain complete internal control of IT, Continental bucked this argument when it entered into a ten-year, multimillion-dollar contract with Integrated Systems Solutions Corporation. Continental is already reaping benefits from outsourcing IT. Most important, Continental staffers today focus on their true core competencies: intimate knowledge of customers' needs and relationships with customers.

  17. Continuous feed, on-site composting of kitchen garbage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Eung-Ju; Shin, Hang-Sik; Tay, Joo-Hwa

    2002-04-01

    Kitchen garbage generated at a school cafeteria was treated and stabilised in a controlled on-site composting unit for volume reduction and on-site utilisation of processed garbage. The on-site composter was fed with the garbage on a daily basis during the two-months experimental period. Compost was not removed from the unit but was entirely reused as a bulking agent in order to minimise the need for additional bulking agent and compost handling. Performance of the composter tinder this condition was investigated. Most of the easily degradable organic matter (EDM) in the garbage was biodegraded rapidly, and the final product had a low content of EDM. Lipids, total sugar, and hemi-cellulose were degraded 96%, 81%, and 66% respectively. Free air space (FAS) was higher than 0.5 all the time, so accumulation of dry matter in the unit was not significant in reducing reaction efficiency. Other reaction parameters such as pH and MC were kept within a suitable range; however, it was advisable to maintain MC at over 46%. As a result, this method of operation was able to stabilise the garbage with low sawdust demand and little compost production.

  18. Point-of-Purchase Price and Education Intervention to Reduce Consumption of Sugary Soft Drinks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandra, Amitabh; McManus, Katherine D.; Willett, Walter C.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives. We investigated whether a price increase on regular (sugary) soft drinks and an educational intervention would reduce their sales. Methods. We implemented a 5-phase intervention at the Brigham and Women's Hospital cafeteria in Boston, Massachusetts. After posting existing prices of regular and diet soft drinks and water during baseline, we imposed several interventions in series: a price increase of 35% on regular soft drinks, a reversion to baseline prices (washout), an educational campaign, and a combination price and educational period. We collected data from a comparison site, Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital, also in Boston, for the final 3 phases. Results. Sales of regular soft drinks declined by 26% during the price increase phase. This reduction in sales persisted throughout the study period, with an additional decline of 18% during the combination phase compared with the washout period. Education had no independent effect on sales. Analysis of the comparison site showed no change in regular soft drink sales during the study period. Conclusions. A price increase may be an effective policy mechanism to decrease sales of regular soda. Further multisite studies in varied populations are warranted to confirm these results. PMID:20558801

  19. The effectiveness of worksite nutrition and physical activity interventions for controlling employee overweight and obesity: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Laurie M; Quinn, Toby A; Glanz, Karen; Ramirez, Gilbert; Kahwati, Leila C; Johnson, Donna B; Buchanan, Leigh Ramsey; Archer, W Roodly; Chattopadhyay, Sajal; Kalra, Geetika P; Katz, David L

    2009-10-01

    This report presents the results of a systematic review of the effectiveness of worksite nutrition and physical activity programs to promote healthy weight among employees. These results form the basis for the recommendation by the Task Force on Community Preventive Services on the use of these interventions. Weight-related outcomes, including weight in pounds or kilograms, BMI, and percentage body fat were used to assess effectiveness of these programs. This review found that worksite nutrition and physical activity programs achieve modest improvements in employee weight status at the 6-12-month follow-up. A pooled effect estimate of -2.8 pounds (95% CI=-4.6, -1.0) was found based on nine RCTs, and a decrease in BMI of -0.5 (95% CI=-0.8, -0.2) was found based on six RCTs. The findings appear to be applicable to both male and female employees, across a range of worksite settings. Most of the studies combined informational and behavioral strategies to influence diet and physical activity; fewer studies modified the work environment (e.g., cafeteria, exercise facilities) to promote healthy choices. Information about other effects, barriers to implementation, cost and cost effectiveness of interventions, and research gaps are also presented in this article. The findings of this systematic review can help inform decisions of employers, planners, researchers, and other public health decision makers.

  20. Kinetic modeling of enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated kitchen wastes for enhancing bioethanol production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cekmecelioglu, Deniz; Uncu, Oya N

    2013-03-01

    It is well known that use of low cost and abundant waste materials in microbial fermentations can reduce product costs. Kitchen wastes disposed of in large amounts from cafeterias, restaurants, dining halls, food processing plants, and household kitchens contain high amounts of carbohydrate components such as glucose, starch, and cellulose. Efficient utilization of these sugars is another opportunity to reduce ethanol costs. In this study, the effect of pretreatment methods (hot water, acid solutions, and a control) on enzymatic hydrolysis of kitchen wastes was evaluated using a kinetic modeling approach. Fermentation experiments conducted with and without traditional fermentation nutrients were assessed at constant conditions of pH 4.5 and temperature of 30°C for 48h using commercial dry baker's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The control, which involved no treatment, and hot water treated samples gave close glucose concentrations after 6h. The highest and lowest rates of glucose production were found as 0.644 and 0.128 (h(-1)) for the control (or no-pretreated (NPT)) and 1% acid solutions, respectively. The fermentation results indicated that final ethanol concentrations are not significantly improved by adding nutrients (17.2-23.3g/L). Thus, it was concluded that product cost can be lowered to a large extent if (1) kitchen wastes are used as a substrate, (2) no fermentation nutrient is used, and (3) hydrolysis time is applied for about 6h. Further optimization study is needed to increase the yield to higher levels.