... AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Penalties § 122.165 Air cabotage. (a) The air cabotage law (49 U.S.C. 41703... provided for in 14 CFR 121.153, and those aircraft used exclusively in the service of any government. (b... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Air cabotage. 122.165 Section 122.165...
Sternberg, Henrik; Filipiak, Michail; Hofmann, Erik; Hellström, Daniel
An open European market for goods and services, including transport services, stimulates trade, global competitiveness and economic growth. At the same time, concerns about domestic job security, regulation compliance and the environment have sparked a debate. This report should be considered one of the first modest contributions to the mainly unexplored area of European freight deregulation. Our contribution is a review of previous research, a snapshot of the movement patterns of the foreign...
J.F. François (Joseph); I. Wooton
textabstractWe are concerned with trade in transport services (not cabotage but rather international shipping, transport, and related logistical services) and the importance of competition and market structure in the sector. We examine implications of liberalization for profits, trade, and national
François, Joseph; Wooton, I.
textabstractWe are concerned with trade in transport services (not cabotage but rather international shipping, transport, and related logistical services) and the importance of competition and market structure in the sector. We examine implications of liberalization for profits, trade, and national gains from trade. Though past GATS maritime negotiations involved the maritime nations, we also flag interests of consuming nations (particularly poorer developing countries). We further illustrate...
唐颖峰; 寇宁; 朱冰冰
海运服务贸易是国际服务贸易的重要部分之一。加入世界贸易组织之后，我国逐步落实在国际海运服务、海运辅助服务、集装箱服务、海运代理服务和国内航行权等方面做出的承诺。为促进海运服务贸易自由化的发展，我国的海运服务市场应当遵循适度开放的原则，在未来海运服务贸易的双边、多边谈判中争取更大的话语权。%Maritime transport service trade is the important part of intemational service trade. Since China＇s accession to the WTO, the government has been making efforts in the fulfillment of commitments in the field of international maritime transport service, supplementary service of maritime transport, container service, agency services of maritime transport, and cabotage right. To promote the liberalization of maritime transport service trade, we should keep the profile of moderate fashion and master the initiative in the bilateral and multilateral negotiation of maritime transport service trade.
Edson José Dalto
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Com a reforma da legislação portuária e o processo de privatização dos portos, os terminais públicos marítimos passaram por significativa reestruturação. O elevado investimento e a simplificação da lei propiciaram o aumento de produtividade e de segurança e redução das tarifas. A melhoria nos terminais de contêineres viabilizou a consolidação da navegação de cabotagem de carga geral, como alternativa de transporte rodoviário. Estas mudanças trouxeram novas perspectivas na prestação de serviço por parte dos armadores, no sentido de atender plenamente as necessidades de transportes dos embarcadores, através de um serviço logístico completo porta-a-porta, como alternativa ao transporte porto-a-porto, incluindo a oferta de transporte multimodal, estufagem de contêineres e armazenagem. São ainda apresentados dois exemplos práticos de transporte de resinas no sentido norte-sul e de arroz, no sentido oposto, ilustrando como as mudanças no setor favoreceram a migração do transporte rodoviário para o marítimo.
Abstract With the changing on port legislation and privatization process in Brazilian ports, the maritime public terminals passed trough an important restructuring. The expressive investment and simplification on law brought productivity and security improvement and reduced fees. The enhancement on container terminals enabled strengthening of cabotage navigation as an alternative to road transportation. These changes brought new perspective on service offered by shipowners, in a sense of attending the fully transport necessities of the shippers, by a complete logistic service door-to-door, as alternative to a port-to-port transportation, including the multimodal transport offering, container filling and wholesaling. It is so introduced two practical examples of transportation of gum, over the north-south bound and rice over the opposite direction, illustrating how changes on the