Sample records for cabotage


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    Harry Purwanto


    Full Text Available Liberalization their logging services makes the concept of cabotage which was known in the field of shipping, has now become part of the field of aviation. Such a situation when associated with the concept of state sovereignty in the air space, juridically has caused a serious intersection. In countries that do not accept the concept of air cabotage, often found smuggling air cabotage laws. Thus requiring the state government concerned to judicial action in order to protect its national airline company, including the Government of Indonesia. Adanya Liberalisasi jasa penebangan menjadikan konsep cabotage yang tadinya dikenal dalam bidang pelayaran, kini menjadi bagian dalam bidang penerbangan. Situasi demikian bila dikaitkan dengan konsep kedaulatan negara di ruang udara, secara yuridis telah menimbulkan persinggungan yang cukup serius. Pada negara yang belum menerima konsep cabotage udara, sering ditemukan penyelundupan hukum cabotage udara. Sehingga mengharuskan pemerintah negara yang bersangkutan melakukan tindakan yuridis dalam rangka melindungi perusahaan penerbangan nasionalnya, termasuk Pemerintah Indonesia.

  2. By the capes around the world : a summary of world cabotage practices (United States)


    This four page brochure explains what cabotage is and why it is important to nations. The last page provides a table summarizing the type of cabotage laws issued by the nations listed. Publication date not given; approximately 1990.


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    Adi Kusuma Ningrum


    Full Text Available Abstract ASEAN Single Aviation Market 2015, is a policy that has been agreed by all ASEAN member countries.This agreement called ASEAN Multilateral Agreement on Air Services (ASEAN MAAS and was signedon May 20, 2009 in Manila, Philippines. Despite the many advantages and potential benefits from theopen sky policy, the government should be aware of the threat in the ASEAN aviation market, such as themarket share of domestic flights among domestic and foreign airline in this region. Futhermore, controlforeign investment in the field of air transport in Indonesia is weak, thus opening the possibility ofsmuggling investment law through the establishment of an Indonesian legal entity. Cabotage principleobjective is maintaining and protecting the political and economic interests of the country. Applicationof the principle of cabotage could be operationally flexible, as long as the country's strategic interestsis maintained and protected. Aviation services in Indonesia is currently considered to have violated theprinciple of cabotage. Key words: cabotage, aviation, market, ASEAN Abstrak Pasar tunggal penerbangan ASEAN (ASEAN Single Aviation Market pada tahun 2015, merupakan kebijakanyang telah disepakati oleh seluruh negara anggota ASEAN yang tertuang dalam ASEAN MultilateralAgreement on Air Services (ASEAN MAAS dan telah ditandatangani pada tanggal 20 Mei 2009di Manila, Filipina. Dalam menghadapi ASEAN Single Aviation Market 2015, selain memperhatikanpotensi keuntungan yang dapat diperoleh dari kebijakan open sky tersebut, pemerintah harus mewaspadaipeluang ancaman perebutan pangsa pasar penerbangan di wilayah ASEAN juga pangsa pasar penerbangandomestik. alah satu faktor yang dapat mengancam Indonesia adalah lemahnya pengawasan(direct or indirect investment bidang angkutan udara, sehingga kemungkinan terjadi penyelundupanhukum investasi, yang akhirnya pasar nasional dikuasai asing melalui badan hukum Indonesia yangdibentuknya (cabotage terselubung

  4. Enredos de Jorge Amado em suas navegações de cabotagem = Jorge Amado’s stories in his cabotage navigations

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    Pereira, Rubens Edson Alves


    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, o livro Navegação de cabotagem (1992 é visto como espaço privilegiado de diálogos com o escritor Jorge Amado e sua obra, espaço ao mesmo tempo aglutinador e disseminador de experiências humanas e intelectuais, assinaladas pelos crivos do protagonismo e do testemunho, da razão e da emoção, da glória e da simplicidade na fatura de uma existência. O livro se apresenta como um caleidoscópio de saberes e vivências, memória e história, literatura e vida, arte e cultura, fato e ficção, lembrança e legado, denúncia e deleite – enfim, apontamentos para uma possível autobiografia que o autor se esquivou de escrever, escrevendo-a, porém, como processo e fragmento. Interessa-nos, sobretudo, discutir Navegação de cabotagem tendo em vista algumas implicações e/ou formulações críticas, literárias e sócio-históricas, envolvendo a trajetória artística, intelectual e política do escritor Jorge Amado

  5. Entre impératifs stratégiques et subsistance civile : approvisionnement insulaire, cabotage et petits ports en Bretagne-sud au XVIIIe siècle

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    Christophe Cérino


    Full Text Available Over the past few years researchers in maritime history have shown a marked interest in port microsites and the modes of local coastal navigation. The present article is a contribution to this field: it illustrates the dynamics of Eighteenth-Century small ports in Southern Brittany which had to supply a strategic fortress of major importance for the kingdom of France. This computer-assisted case study bears on relatively neglected sources (the archives of the service of military supplies. It sheds some light on the living conditions of a garrison in the early modern age, assesses island-supplying problems and tackles the procedures used to remedy them.

  6. Trade in International Transport Services: The Role of Competition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.F. François (Joseph); I. Wooton


    textabstractWe are concerned with trade in transport services (not cabotage but rather international shipping, transport, and related logistical services) and the importance of competition and market structure in the sector. We examine implications of liberalization for profits, trade, and national


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    Rafael Oliveira Fonseca Doutorando em Geografuia na Universidade de São Paulo - Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro, Instituto Central de Ciências, Asa Norte, Subsolo, Módulo 133, Asa Norte, CEP: 70919-970, Brasília (DF, Brasil. Tel: (+55 11 3307 2373 -


    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze some points of the current situation of coastal shipping (cabotage in Brazil, comprehended as a constitutive element of the dynamic movement of goods flows in the country, aimed at increasing the knowledge about the relationship between the use, regulation and organization of the territory, and its relationship with the public power and private companies in Brazil today, emphasizing: the role of the circulation and its importance in the structuring of the territory, the recent governmental actions for this transportation modal; statistics contemporary of goods movement; the main fixed and flows; the main private actors operating in Brazilian cabotage; as well as the main spatial circuits of production which uses the modal.

  8. Trade in International Transport Services: The Role of Competition


    François, Joseph; Wooton, I.


    textabstractWe are concerned with trade in transport services (not cabotage but rather international shipping, transport, and related logistical services) and the importance of competition and market structure in the sector. We examine implications of liberalization for profits, trade, and national gains from trade. Though past GATS maritime negotiations involved the maritime nations, we also flag interests of consuming nations (particularly poorer developing countries). We further illustrate...

  9. A Rough Set Based Assessment of the Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Tanzanian Shipping Sector Perspective

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    Erick P. Massami


    Full Text Available The Greenhouse Gas (GHG emissions due to transport operations have drastically increased in recent years. The sea transport in particular contributes 2.7 to 3 percent of CO2, a major component of GHG emissions globally. Numerous measures have been undertaken locally and internationally to alleviate the sea transport share of Greenhouse Gases. However, most of these measures will be fruitful if ship investors (e.g., ship owners and operators would fully employ the GHG emission reduction strategies. Due to the scarcity of the statistical data in this respect, this study therefore presents a rough set synthetic assessment (RSSA model to GHG emission abatement strategies in the Tanzanian shipping sector. The results of the assessment reveal that the Tanzanian shipping companies engaged in Cabotage trade are aware of the abatement strategies and moderately apply them.

  10. O mercado brasileiro do século XIX: uma visão por meio do comércio de cabotagem

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    Renato Leite Marcondes


    Full Text Available The Brazilian market in the XIX century: an approach through the cabotage commerce. The maritime commerce consisted of the main way of circulation of the goods between the Brazilian provinces until the second half of century XIX. Although the relatively big importance of the flows of commerce with the exterior, we note significant exchange of goods by sea between the Brazilian regions since the colonial period. A part of these exchanges derived from products destined in last instance to the foreigner or imported of the exterior. However, another part elapsed of national goods that had not arrived at be exported to the international market. Many goods for the colonial and imperial consumption had circulated by the Brazilian coasts in expressive sums. From the information raised for the imperial period, especially the decades of 1860 and 1870, we verify that most of the goods commercialized between the provinces consisted of national products destined to the internal consumption.

  11. Internationalisation in Road Transport of Goods in Norway: Safety Outcomes, Risk Factors and Policy Implications

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    Tor-Olav Nævestad


    Full Text Available The European Union (EU promotes a gradual lifting of restrictions on foreign hauliers involved in domestic road transport of goods (cabotage, and liberalization of the current road cabotage rules may further increase the proportion of foreign heavy goods vehicles (HGVs on Norwegian roads. The aims of the present study are to: (1 Examine the safety outcomes of increasing internationalisation in (Norwegian road transport of goods; and (2 Discuss the importance of potential risk factors related to increasing proportions of foreign HGVs on Norwegian roads. We use four data sources to shed light on the aims. Results show that foreign HGVs account for 6% of the average domestic transport in Norway, and 11% of the HGVs involved in personal injury accidents. Additionally, foreign HGVs have a three times higher risk of single vehicle accidents, and twice the risk of head-on collisions. Foreign HGV drivers also seem more likely to trigger fatal accidents. We conclude that two risk factors seem to be important: (1 experience with/competence on Norwegian roads and (2 winter driving. Thus, the safety challenge is not that the drivers are foreign, but that they to some extent lack experience with, and competence on, the Norwegian road networks and the challenges that these roads may pose (e.g., narrow roads with high gradients, many curves, snow and ice. Previous research from other countries has also found that lacking experience with national road networks is an important risk factor. Given our results on risk factors, we may hypothesize that if foreign HGV drivers get more experience and education on Norwegian driving conditions, then increased internationalization could perhaps be of less concern in road safety. When discussing the higher accident risk and lower experience of foreign HGV drivers in Norway, it is important to note that the reason for foreign HGV drivers, working for foreign hauliers, to drive in Norway is that there are customers of the

  12. The Plurality of Harbors at Caesarea: The Southern Anchorage in Late Antiquity (United States)

    Ratzlaff, Alexandra; Galili, Ehud; Waiman-Barak, Paula; Yasur-Landau, Assaf


    The engineering marvel of Sebastos, or Portus Augusti as it was called in Late Antiquity (284-638 CE), dominated Caesarea's harbor center along modern Israel's central coast but it was only one part of a larger maritime complex. The Southern Anchorage provides a case study as one portion of the Caesarea complex, as well as a node within the regional network of anchorages and small harbors. Ceramics recovered from here show a high percentage of locally, and provincially, produced storage jars engaged in maritime trade. The ceramic evidence points towards an intensified regional trade or cabotage rather than favouring long distance trade from large port to port. Working out of these small harbors, opportunities arose for greater flexibility in specialization of commodities and materials passing through the network of subsidiary ports, contributing to a more diversified market economy. This analysis provides another example in the growing focus on how these simple and semi-modified anchorages in the Eastern Mediterranean were often the predominant economic networks connecting hinterland and coastal trade.

  13. Perspectives for European land transport; Perspektiven fuer den Europaeischen Landverkehr

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    Jarzembowski, G. [Europaeisches Parlament, Brussels (Belgium)


    The European Union has been in no hurry to create the European single market in transport. Whereas air transport has already been liberalized, it was only in the summer of 1998 with the release of cabotage that the liberalization of commercial road freight transport was also concluded. For land transport the harmonization of the general conditions is now to the force so as to make fair competition possible among the firms of the various member states. With the coming expansion of the EU to take in the Central and East European countries there will be new challenges and opportunities in land transport. So as to place the competition among the carriers on a fair and efficient basis, the liberalization of the railway market, repeatedly postponed, is urgently necessary. (orig.) [German] Die Europaeische Union hat sich sehr viel Zeit gelassen, den Europaeischen Binnenmarkt im Verkehr zu schaffen. Waehrend der Luftverkehr bereits seit einiger Zeit liberalisiert ist, wurde erst im Sommer 1998 mit der Freigabe der Kabotage die Liberalisierung des gewerblichen Strassengueterverkehrs ebenfalls abgeschlossen. Beim Landverkehr steht jetzt die Harmonisierung der Rahmenbedingungen im Vordergrund, um einen fairen Wettbewerb unter den Unternehmen aus den verschiedenen Mitgliedstaaten zu ermoeglichen. Mit der anstehenden Erweiterung der Europaeischen Union um die Staaten aus Mittel- und Osteuropa steht auch der Europaeische Landverkehr vor neuen Herausforderungen und Chancen. Um auch den Wettbewerb unter den Verkehrstraegern auf eine faire und effiziente Basis zu stellen, ist die immer wieder hinausgeschobene Libersalisierung des Eisenbahnmarktes dringend erforderlich. (orig.)

  14. Impactos da lei 8.630 sobre a infra-estrutura de terminais de contêineres e na viabilização da navegação de cabotagem no Brasil

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    Edson José Dalto


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    Com a reforma da legislação portuária e o processo de privatização dos portos, os terminais públicos marítimos passaram por significativa reestruturação. O elevado investimento e a simplificação da lei propiciaram o aumento de produtividade e de segurança e redução das tarifas. A melhoria nos terminais de contêineres viabilizou a consolidação da navegação de cabotagem de carga geral, como alternativa de transporte rodoviário. Estas mudanças trouxeram novas perspectivas na prestação de serviço por parte dos armadores, no sentido de atender plenamente as necessidades de transportes dos embarcadores, através de um serviço logístico completo porta-a-porta, como alternativa ao transporte porto-a-porto, incluindo a oferta de transporte multimodal, estufagem de contêineres e armazenagem. São ainda apresentados dois exemplos práticos de transporte de resinas no sentido norte-sul e de arroz, no sentido oposto, ilustrando como as mudanças no setor favoreceram a migração do transporte rodoviário para o marítimo.

    Abstract With the changing on port legislation and privatization process in Brazilian ports, the maritime public terminals passed trough an important restructuring. The expressive investment and simplification on law brought productivity and security improvement and reduced fees. The enhancement on container terminals enabled strengthening of cabotage navigation as an alternative to road transportation. These changes brought new perspective on service offered by shipowners, in a sense of attending the fully transport necessities of the shippers, by a complete logistic service door-to-door, as alternative to a port-to-port transportation, including the multimodal transport offering, container filling and wholesaling. It is so introduced two practical examples of transportation of gum, over the north-south bound and rice over the opposite direction, illustrating how changes on the