WorldWideScience

Sample records for cable systems

  1. 14 CFR 23.689 - Cable systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cable systems. 23.689 Section 23.689... Systems § 23.689 Cable systems. (a) Each cable, cable fitting, turnbuckle, splice, and pulley used must meet approved specifications. In addition— (1) No cable smaller than 1/8 inch diameter may be used...

  2. 14 CFR 25.689 - Cable systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cable systems. 25.689 Section 25.689... STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Design and Construction Control Systems § 25.689 Cable systems. (a) Each cable, cable fitting, turnbuckle, splice, and pulley must be approved. In addition— (1) No...

  3. 47 CFR 76.640 - Support for unidirectional digital cable products on digital cable systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... products on digital cable systems. 76.640 Section 76.640 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS... Standards § 76.640 Support for unidirectional digital cable products on digital cable systems. (a) The requirements of this section shall apply to digital cable systems. For purposes of this section, digital...

  4. Cable system transients theory, modeling and simulation

    CERN Document Server

    Ametani, Akihiro; Nagaoka, Naoto

    2015-01-01

    A systematic and comprehensive introduction to electromagnetic transient in cable systems, written by the internationally renowned pioneer in this field Presents a systematic and comprehensive introduction to electromagnetic transient in cable systems Written by the internationally renowned pioneer in the field Thorough coverage of the state of the art on the topic, presented in a well-organized, logical style, from fundamentals and practical applications A companion website is available

  5. Cable force monitoring system of cable stayed bridges using accelerometers inside mobile smart phone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xuefeng; Yu, Yan; Hu, Weitong; Jiao, Dong; Han, Ruicong; Mao, Xingquan; Li, Mingchu; Ou, Jinping

    2015-03-01

    Cable force is one of the most important parameters in structural health monitoring system integrated on cable stayed bridges for safety evaluation. In this paper, one kind of cable force monitoring system scheme was proposed. Accelerometers inside mobile smart phones were utilized for the acceleration monitoring of cable vibration. Firstly, comparative tests were conducted in the lab. The test results showed that the accelerometers inside smartphones can detect the cable vibration, and then the cable force can be obtained. Furthermore, there is good agreement between the monitoring results of different kinds of accelerometers. Finally, the proposed cable force monitoring system was applied on one cable strayed bridge structure, the monitoring result verified the feasibility of the monitoring system.

  6. Field application of a cable NDT system for cable-stayed bridge using MFL sensors integrated

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, an automated cable non-destructive testing(NDT) system was developed to monitor the steel cables that are a core component of cable-stayed bridges. The magnetic flux leakage(MFL) method, which is suitable for ferromagnetic continuum structures and has been verified in previous studies, was applied to the cable inspection. A multi-channel MFL sensor head was fabricated using hall sensors and permanent magnets. A wheel-based cable climbing robot was fabricated to improve the accessibility to the cables, and operating software was developed to monitor the MFL-based NDT research and control the climbing robot. Remote data transmission and robot control were realized by applying wireless LAN communication. Finally, the developed element techniques were integrated into an MFL-based cable NDT system, and the field applicability of this system was verified through a field test at Seohae Bridge, which is a typical cable-stayed bridge currently in operation.

  7. 47 CFR 76.614 - Cable television system regular monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cable television system regular monitoring. 76... SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.614 Cable television system regular monitoring. Cable television operators transmitting carriers in the frequency bands...

  8. Distance and Cable Length Measurement System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández, Sergio Elias; Acosta, Leopoldo; Toledo, Jonay

    2009-01-01

    A simple, economic and successful design for distance and cable length detection is presented. The measurement system is based on the continuous repetition of a pulse that endlessly travels along the distance to be detected. There is a pulse repeater at both ends of the distance or cable to be measured. The endless repetition of the pulse generates a frequency that varies almost inversely with the distance to be measured. The resolution and distance or cable length range could be adjusted by varying the repetition time delay introduced at both ends and the measurement time. With this design a distance can be measured with centimeter resolution using electronic system with microsecond resolution, simplifying classical time of flight designs which require electronics with picosecond resolution. This design was also applied to position measurement. PMID:22303169

  9. Distance and Cable Length Measurement System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonay Toledo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A simple, economic and successful design for distance and cable length detection is presented. The measurement system is based on the continuous repetition of a pulse that endlessly travels along the distance to be detected. There is a pulse repeater at both ends of the distance or cable to be measured. The endless repetition of the pulse generates a frequency that varies almost inversely with the distance to be measured. The resolution and distance or cable length range could be adjusted by varying the repetition time delay introduced at both ends and the measurement time. With this design a distance can be measured with centimeter resolution using electronic system with microsecond resolution, simplifying classical time of flight designs which require electronics with picosecond resolution. This design was also applied to position measurement.

  10. CSNS control cable information management system based on web

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an approach to data modeling a great number of control devices and cables with complicated relations of CSNS (China Spallation Neutron Source). The CSNS accelerator control cable database was created using MySQL, and the control cable information management system based on Web was further built. During the development of the database, the design idea of IRMIS database was studied. and the actual situation of CSNS accelerator control cables was investigated. The control cable database model fitting the requirements was designed. This system is of great convenience to manage and maintain CSNS control devices and cables in the future. (authors)

  11. 30 CFR 75.817 - Cable handling and support systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cable handling and support systems. 75.817... High-Voltage Longwalls § 75.817 Cable handling and support systems. Longwall mining equipment must be provided with cable-handling and support systems that are constructed, installed and maintained to...

  12. Dynamic Analysis of Towed and Variable Length Cable Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Shu-xin; WANG Yan-hui; LI Xiao-ping

    2007-01-01

    Towed cable systems are frequently used in marine measurements where the length of the towed cable varies during launch and recovery. In this paper a novel method for modeling variable length cable systems is introduced based on the finite segment formulation. The variable length of the towed cable is described by changing the length of the segment near the towing point and by increasing or decreasing the number of the discrete segments of the cable. In this way, the elastic effects of the cable can be easily handled since geometry and material properties of each segment are kept constant. Experimental results show that the dynamic behavior of the towed cable is consistent between the model and the physical cable. Results show that the model provides numerical efficiency and simulation accuracy for the variable length towed system.

  13. Applying Diagnostics to Enhance Cable System Reliability (Cable Diagnostic Focused Initiative, Phase II)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hartlein, Rick [Georgia Tech Research Corporation (GTRC), Atlanta, GA (United States). National Electric Energy Testing, Research and Applications Center (NEETRAC); Hampton, Nigel [Georgia Tech Research Corporation (GTRC), Atlanta, GA (United States). National Electric Energy Testing, Research and Applications Center (NEETRAC); Perkel, Josh [Georgia Tech Research Corporation (GTRC), Atlanta, GA (United States). National Electric Energy Testing, Research and Applications Center (NEETRAC); Hernandez, JC [Univ. de Los Andes, Merida (Venezuela); Elledge, Stacy [Georgia Tech Research Corporation (GTRC), Atlanta, GA (United States). National Electric Energy Testing, Research and Applications Center (NEETRAC); del Valle, Yamille [Georgia Tech Research Corporation (GTRC), Atlanta, GA (United States). National Electric Energy Testing, Research and Applications Center (NEETRAC); Grimaldo, Jose [Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Deku, Kodzo [Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering

    2016-02-01

    The Cable Diagnostic Focused Initiative (CDFI) played a significant and powerful role in clarifying the concerns and understanding the benefits of performing diagnostic tests on underground power cable systems. This project focused on the medium and high voltage cable systems used in utility transmission and distribution (T&D) systems. While many of the analysis techniques and interpretations are applicable to diagnostics and cable systems outside of T&D, areas such as generating stations (nuclear, coal, wind, etc.) and other industrial environments were not the focus. Many large utilities in North America now deploy diagnostics or have changed their diagnostic testing approach as a result of this project. Previous to the CDFI, different diagnostic technology providers individually promoted their approach as the “the best” or “the only” means of detecting cable system defects.

  14. Temperature measurement inside metallic cables using distributed temperature system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaros, Jakub; Papes, Martin; Liner, Andrej; Vasinek, Vladimir; Mach, Veleslav; Hruby, David; Kajnar, Tomas; Perecar, Frantisek

    2015-07-01

    Nowadays, metallic cables are produced so as to avoid the maximum allowable temperature of the cable by the normal operation and the maximum allowable temperature for short-circuit the exceeding the maximum allowable internal temperature. The temperature increase is an unwanted phenomena causing losses in the cable and its abrasion. Longterm overload can lead to damaging of the cable or to the risk of fire in extreme cases. In our work, we present the temperature distribution measurement inside the metallic cables using distributed temperature system. Within the cooperation with manufacturer of the metallic cables, optical fibers were implemented into these cables. The cables are double coated and the fibers are allocated between these coatings and also in the centre of the cable. Thus we are able to measure the temperature inside the cable and also on the surface temperature along the whole cable length with spatial resolution 1 m during the cable heating. This measurement method can be also used for short-circuit prediction and detection, because this phenomena is always accompanied with temperature increase. Distributed temperature systems are already successfully implemented in temperature measurements in industry environment, such as construction, sewer systems, caliducts etc. The main advantage of these systems is electromagnetic resistance, low application price and the possibility of monitoring several kilometers long distances.

  15. Automated wireless monitoring system for cable tension using smart sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sim, Sung-Han; Li, Jian; Jo, Hongki; Park, Jongwoong; Cho, Soojin; Spencer, Billie F.; Yun, Chung-Bang

    2013-04-01

    Cables are critical load carrying members of cable-stayed bridges; monitoring tension forces of the cables provides valuable information for SHM of the cable-stayed bridges. Monitoring systems for the cable tension can be efficiently realized using wireless smart sensors in conjunction with vibration-based cable tension estimation approaches. This study develops an automated cable tension monitoring system using MEMSIC's Imote2 smart sensors. An embedded data processing strategy is implemented on the Imote2-based wireless sensor network to calculate cable tensions using a vibration-based method, significantly reducing the wireless data transmission and associated power consumption. The autonomous operation of the monitoring system is achieved by AutoMonitor, a high-level coordinator application provided by the Illinois SHM Project Services Toolsuite. The monitoring system also features power harvesting enabled by solar panels attached to each sensor node and AutoMonitor for charging control. The proposed wireless system has been deployed on the Jindo Bridge, a cable-stayed bridge located in South Korea. Tension forces are autonomously monitored for 12 cables in the east, land side of the bridge, proving the validity and potential of the presented tension monitoring system for real-world applications.

  16. Insulation systems for superconducting transmission cables

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, Ole

    1996-01-01

    the electrical insulation is placed outside both the superconducting tube and the cryostat. The superconducting tube is cooled by liquid nitrogen which is pumped through the hollow part of the tube.2) The cryogenic dielectric design, where the electrical insulation is placed inside the cryostat and thus is kept......This paper describes shortly the status of superconducting transmission lines and assesses what impact the recently discovered BSCCO superconductors may have on the design of the cables.Two basically different insulation systems are discussed:1) The room temperature dielectric design, where...

  17. Commercialization of Medium Voltage HTS Triax TM Cable Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knoll, David

    2012-12-31

    The original project scope that was established in 2007 aimed to install a 1,700 meter (1.1 mile) medium voltage HTS Triax{TM} cable system into the utility grid in New Orleans, LA. In 2010, however, the utility partner withdrew from the project, so the 1,700 meter cable installation was cancelled and the scope of work was reduced. The work then concentrated on the specific barriers to commercialization of HTS cable technology. The modified scope included long-length HTS cable design and testing, high voltage factory test development, optimized cooling system development, and HTS cable life-cycle analysis. In 2012, Southwire again analyzed the market for HTS cables and deemed the near term market acceptance to be low. The scope of work was further reduced to the completion of tasks already started and to testing of the existing HTS cable system in Columbus, OH. The work completed under the project included: • Long-length cable modeling and analysis • HTS wire evaluation and testing • Cable testing for AC losses • Optimized cooling system design • Life cycle testing of the HTS cable in Columbus, OH • Project management. The 200 meter long HTS Triax{TM} cable in Columbus, OH was incorporated into the project under the initial scope changes as a test bed for life cycle testing as well as the site for an optimized HTS cable cooling system. The Columbus cable utilizes the HTS TriaxTM design, so it provided an economical tool for these of the project tasks.

  18. A Study on the System and Method for Drawing 3-Dimensional Cable Object with the cable tracking Navigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhang, Keugjin; Jung, Sunchul [Central Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Hong, Junhee [Chungnam Univ., Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-05-15

    3D cable tracking system with navigation makes it possible to easily search the objects which users want to retrieve and to measure the visual, spatial and structural distance by connecting the existing cable management system with 3D cable tracking system with navigation. With this consideration, we hope to create a more advanced cable management system in the future. I would like to describes the management system and method of the cable installed in the nuclear power plant, and how to build the database of the system. More specifically, it will be operated to the maintenance and management function, and the life management system of the cable, describing the creation method of three-dimensional cable object formed by the information of trace route through navigation and how to build the system database automatically.

  19. Modeling and Experiments of Spray System for Cable Painting Robot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jia-liang; Lü Tian-sheng; LI Bei-zhi

    2008-01-01

    Many cable-stayed bridges have been built in the world in the past decades,and cable-stayed structures have been adopted in many large constructions.The cable painting robot is safe and economically efficient for stay cable maintenance.In order to satisfy the need for spraying cables in hiigh attitude,an automatic cable spray system for cable painting robots is presented in this paper.Using the βdistribution,paint thickness distribution on a cylinder surface is modeled.The spray gun's number,angle and movement are analyzed to get coat evenness.Then a robotic spray system engineering prototype has been developed,which includes a cable electric running climbing base,a spray cover,four airless spray guns and a pressurized paint container.Experiments indicate that four airless spray guns can guarantee good coat quality for general stay cables.The field tests have been successfully conducted on Nanpu Bridge,Shanghai.

  20. Transverse oscillations of an underwater beam-cable system

    OpenAIRE

    Blanco, Max; Wilson, P.A.

    2010-01-01

    An Autonomous Underwater Vehicle refuel station is proposed. The power source is located on board a surface vessel, while the AUV is serviced at depth. The structure which connects the two craft is modelled as a cable-beam. Transverse oscillations of this cable-beam system are investigated through a fourth-order differential equation.

  1. Distance Protection of Cross-Bonded Transmission Cable-Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Claus Leth; F. Jensen, Christian

    2014-01-01

    In this paper the problems of protecting a cross-bonded cable system using distance protection are analysed. The combination of the desire to expand the high voltage transmission grid and the public's opinion towards new installations of overhead lines (OHL), more and more transmission cable syst...

  2. Development of Vertical Cable Seismic System (2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asakawa, E.; Murakami, F.; Tsukahara, H.; Ishikawa, K.

    2012-12-01

    The vertical cable seismic is one of the reflection seismic methods. It uses hydrophone arrays vertically moored from the seafloor to record acoustic waves generated by surface, deep-towed or ocean bottom sources. Analyzing the reflections from the sub-seabed, we could look into the subsurface structure. This type of survey is generally called VCS (Vertical Cable Seismic). Because VCS is an efficient high-resolution 3D seismic survey method for a spatially-bounded area, we proposed the method for the hydrothermal deposit survey tool development program that the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) started in 2009. We are now developing a VCS system, including not only data acquisition hardware but data processing and analysis technique. Our first experiment of VCS surveys has been carried out in Lake Biwa, JAPAN in November 2009 for a feasibility study. Prestack depth migration is applied to the 3D VCS data to obtain a high quality 3D depth volume. Based on the results from the feasibility study, we have developed two autonomous recording VCS systems. After we carried out a trial experiment in the actual ocean at a water depth of about 400m and we carried out the second VCS survey at Iheya Knoll with a deep-towed source. In this survey, we could establish the procedures for the deployment/recovery of the system and could examine the locations and the fluctuations of the vertical cables at a water depth of around 1000m. The acquired VCS data clearly shows the reflections from the sub-seafloor. Through the experiment, we could confirm that our VCS system works well even in the severe circumstances around the locations of seafloor hydrothermal deposits. We have carried out two field surveys in 2011. One is a 3D survey with a boomer for a high-resolution surface source and the other one for an actual field survey in the Izena Cauldron an active hydrothermal area in the Okinawa Trough. Through these surveys, we have confirmed that the

  3. Cable Damage Detection System and Algorithms Using Time Domain Reflectometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, G A; Robbins, C L; Wade, K A; Souza, P R

    2009-03-24

    This report describes the hardware system and the set of algorithms we have developed for detecting damage in cables for the Advanced Development and Process Technologies (ADAPT) Program. This program is part of the W80 Life Extension Program (LEP). The system could be generalized for application to other systems in the future. Critical cables can undergo various types of damage (e.g. short circuits, open circuits, punctures, compression) that manifest as changes in the dielectric/impedance properties of the cables. For our specific problem, only one end of the cable is accessible, and no exemplars of actual damage are available. This work addresses the detection of dielectric/impedance anomalies in transient time domain reflectometry (TDR) measurements on the cables. The approach is to interrogate the cable using time domain reflectometry (TDR) techniques, in which a known pulse is inserted into the cable, and reflections from the cable are measured. The key operating principle is that any important cable damage will manifest itself as an electrical impedance discontinuity that can be measured in the TDR response signal. Machine learning classification algorithms are effectively eliminated from consideration, because only a small number of cables is available for testing; so a sufficient sample size is not attainable. Nonetheless, a key requirement is to achieve very high probability of detection and very low probability of false alarm. The approach is to compare TDR signals from possibly damaged cables to signals or an empirical model derived from reference cables that are known to be undamaged. This requires that the TDR signals are reasonably repeatable from test to test on the same cable, and from cable to cable. Empirical studies show that the repeatability issue is the 'long pole in the tent' for damage detection, because it is has been difficult to achieve reasonable repeatability. This one factor dominated the project. The two-step model

  4. Cable Damage Detection System and Algorithms Using Time Domain Reflectometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, G A; Robbins, C L; Wade, K A; Souza, P R

    2009-03-24

    This report describes the hardware system and the set of algorithms we have developed for detecting damage in cables for the Advanced Development and Process Technologies (ADAPT) Program. This program is part of the W80 Life Extension Program (LEP). The system could be generalized for application to other systems in the future. Critical cables can undergo various types of damage (e.g. short circuits, open circuits, punctures, compression) that manifest as changes in the dielectric/impedance properties of the cables. For our specific problem, only one end of the cable is accessible, and no exemplars of actual damage are available. This work addresses the detection of dielectric/impedance anomalies in transient time domain reflectometry (TDR) measurements on the cables. The approach is to interrogate the cable using time domain reflectometry (TDR) techniques, in which a known pulse is inserted into the cable, and reflections from the cable are measured. The key operating principle is that any important cable damage will manifest itself as an electrical impedance discontinuity that can be measured in the TDR response signal. Machine learning classification algorithms are effectively eliminated from consideration, because only a small number of cables is available for testing; so a sufficient sample size is not attainable. Nonetheless, a key requirement is to achieve very high probability of detection and very low probability of false alarm. The approach is to compare TDR signals from possibly damaged cables to signals or an empirical model derived from reference cables that are known to be undamaged. This requires that the TDR signals are reasonably repeatable from test to test on the same cable, and from cable to cable. Empirical studies show that the repeatability issue is the 'long pole in the tent' for damage detection, because it is has been difficult to achieve reasonable repeatability. This one factor dominated the project. The two-step model

  5. Ocean Observing using SMART subsea telecommunications cable systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, B. M.

    2015-12-01

    Planning is underway to integrate ocean sensors into SMART subsea cable systems providing basin and ultimately global array coverage within the next decades (SMART: Scientific Monitoring And Reliable Telecommunications). SMART cables will: contribute to the understanding of ocean dynamics and climate; improve knowledge of earthquakes and forecasting of tsunamis; and complement and enhance existing satellite and in-situ observing systems. SMART cables will be a first order addition to the ocean observing system, with unique contributions, strengthening and complementing satellite and in situ systems. Cables spanning the ocean basins with repeaters every ~50 km will host sensors/mini-observatories, providing power and real-time communications. The current global infrastructure of commercial submarine telecommunications cable systems consists of 1 Gm of cable with ~20,000 repeaters (to boost optical signals); the overall system is refreshed and expanded on time scales of 10 - 20 years and individual systems have lifetimes in excess of 25 years. Initial instrumentation of the cables with bottom temperature, pressure and acceleration sensors will provide unique information for monitoring and studying climate change and for improved tsunami and earthquake warning. These systems will be a new highly reliable, long-lived component of the ocean observing system, complementing satellite, float and other in situ platforms and measurements. Several UN agencies, the International Telecommunication Union, the World Meteorological Organization, and the UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission have formed a Joint Task Force to move this concept to fruition (ITU/WMO/IOC JTF; http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/climatechange/task-force-sc). A review of the overall planning effort and two NASA-funded workshops focusing on the ocean circulation and climate is presented. [Funding provided by NASA.

  6. EHV/HV Underground Cable Systems for Power Transmission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Claus Leth

    lines are undesirable. Therefore, we must come up with an alternative, acceptable to the public. Underground cables fulfil the above mentioned need to be more publically acceptable, but, for long transmission lines, they are in many ways unproven. Guidelines for their design are needed. This thesis...... presents the results of a decade of underground cable research studies performed in Denmark by Danish TSO Energinet.dk and the Department of Energy Technology. The thesis is based upon a number of selected publications and summarises the results of these at a presentation level intended to have an easier...... cables is given, and secondly, the modelling approach and validation of this is discussed. Thirdly, making up the main core of the work presented, dynamics of underground cable systems are discussed and important cases to study are highlighted, and next, protection and fault location are discussed...

  7. Sensitivity analyses of cables to suspen-dome structural system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高博青; 翁恩豪

    2004-01-01

    The construction of the cables is a key step for erecting suspen-dome structures. In practical engineering, it is difficult to ensure that the designed pre-stresses of cables have been exactly introduced into the structures in the site; so it is necessary to evaluate the influence of the variation of the pre-stresses on the structural behavior. In the present work, an orthogonal design method was employed to investigate the pre-stressed cables'sensitivity to the suspen-dome system. The investigation was concentrated on a Kiewitt suspen-dome. Parametric studies were carried out to study the sensitivity of the structure's static behavior, dynamic behavior, and buckling loads when the pre-stresses in the cables varied. The investigation indicated that suspen-dome structures are sensitive to the pre-stresses in all cables; and that the sensitivity depended on the location of the cables and the kind of structural behavior. Useful suggestions are given at the end of the paper.

  8. Sensitivity analyses of cables to suspen-dome structural system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高博青; 翁恩豪

    2004-01-01

    The construction of the cables is a key step for erecting suspen-dome structures. In practical engineering, it is difficult to ensure that the designed pre-stresses of cables have been exactly introduced into the structures in the site; so it is necessary to evaluate the influence of the variation of the pre-stresses on the structural behavior. In the present work, an orthogonal design method was employed to investigate the pre-stressed cables' sensitivity to the suspen-dome system. The investigation was concentrated on a Kiewitt suspen-dome. Parametric studies were carried out to study the sensitivity of the structure's static behavior, dynamic behavior, and buckling loads when the pre-stresses in the cables varied. The investigation indicated that suspen-dome structures are sensitive to the pre-stresses in all cables; and that the sensitivity depended on the location of the cables and the kind of structural behavior. Useful suggestions are given at the end of the paper.

  9. Development of prototype DC superconducting cable for railway system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High Temperature Superconducting (HTSC) wire has significant potential for railway system applications. HTSC wire is currently a promising candidate for various engineering applications such as transformers and motors for railway system. HTSC direct current (DC) cable is ideal for a feeder of the overhead contact line system between the substation and the electric train. We completed a prototype Bi-2223 tape based direct current cable for trial purposes of several meters length. In the energizing experiment the current of 1720 A successfully constantly flew.

  10. A superconducting transformer system for high current cable testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godeke, A; Dietderich, D R; Joseph, J M; Lizarazo, J; Prestemon, S O; Miller, G; Weijers, H W

    2010-03-01

    This article describes the development of a direct-current (dc) superconducting transformer system for the high current test of superconducting cables. The transformer consists of a core-free 10,464 turn primary solenoid which is enclosed by a 6.5 turn secondary. The transformer is designed to deliver a 50 kA dc secondary current at a dc primary current of about 50 A. The secondary current is measured inductively using two toroidal-wound Rogowski coils. The Rogowski coil signal is digitally integrated, resulting in a voltage signal that is proportional to the secondary current. This voltage signal is used to control the secondary current using a feedback loop which automatically compensates for resistive losses in the splices to the superconducting cable samples that are connected to the secondary. The system has been commissioned up to 28 kA secondary current. The reproducibility in the secondary current measurement is better than 0.05% for the relevant current range up to 25 kA. The drift in the secondary current, which results from drift in the digital integrator, is estimated to be below 0.5 A/min. The system's performance is further demonstrated through a voltage-current measurement on a superconducting cable sample at 11 T background magnetic field. The superconducting transformer system enables fast, high resolution, economic, and safe tests of the critical current of superconducting cable samples. PMID:20370213

  11. A Superconducting transformer system for high current cable testing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Godeke, A.; Dietderich, D. R.; Joseph, J. M.; Lizarazo, J.; Prestemon, S. O.; Miller, G.; Weijers, H. W.

    2010-02-15

    This article describes the development of a direct-current (dc) superconducting transformer system for the high current test of superconducting cables. The transformer consists of a core-free 10 464 turn primary solenoid which is enclosed by a 6.5 turn secondary. The transformer is designed to deliver a 50 kA dc secondary current at a dc primary current of about 50 A. The secondary current is measured inductively using two toroidal-wound Rogowski coils. The Rogowski coil signal is digitally integrated, resulting in a voltage signal that is proportional to the secondary current. This voltage signal is used to control the secondary current using a feedback loop which automatically compensates for resistive losses in the splices to the superconducting cable samples that are connected to the secondary. The system has been commissioned up to 28 kA secondary current. The reproducibility in the secondary current measurement is better than 0.05% for the relevant current range up to 25 kA. The drift in the secondary current, which results from drift in the digital integrator, is estimated to be below 0.5 A/min. The system's performance is further demonstrated through a voltage-current measurement on a superconducting cable sample at 11 T background magnetic field. The superconducting transformer system enables fast, high resolution, economic, and safe tests of the critical current of superconducting cable samples.

  12. 47 CFR 76.934 - Small systems and small cable companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... consumer prices; (iv) The rates, as a whole, for all the cable programming, cable equipment, and cable... product of its net rate base and its rate of return, and then dividing that sum by (iii) the product of (A... net rate base of a system is the value of all of the system's assets, less depreciation. (iii)...

  13. Application Designs of Cable Modem System%Cable Modem系统应用设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    占亿民; 潘永跃; 王晖; 夏卉

    2002-01-01

    本文总结了Cable Modem系统的原理和CMTS的关键功能,系统介绍了南京电视台Cable Modem系统的设计思路和设计方法.采用源IP地址路由技术实现了用户子网划分和区分服务,并且支持基于Cable Modem系统的专网接入业务.

  14. State of the art analysis of online fault location on AC cables in underground transmission systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Flytkjær; Gudmundsdottir, Unnur Stella; Bak, Claus Leth

    2011-01-01

    In this article the state of the art research for online fault location on cross-bonded transmission level cables is presented. The article is focused on the difficulties in using the algorithms developed for OHL-systems and distribution cables directly on cross-bonded transmission cables...

  15. Propylene based systems for high voltage cable insulation applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosier, I. L.; Cozzarini, L.; Vaughan, A. S.; Swingler, S. G.

    2009-08-01

    Crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) remains the material of choice for extruded high voltage cables, possessing excellent thermo-mechanical and electrical properties. However, it is not easily recyclable posing questions as to its long term sustainability. Whilst both polyethylene and polypropylene are widely recycled and provide excellent dielectric properties, polypropylene has significantly better mechanical integrity at high temperatures than polyethylene. However, while isotactic polypropylene is too stiff at room temperature for incorporation into a cable system, previous studies by the authors have indicated that this limitation can be overcome by using a propylene-ethylene copolymer. Whilst these previous studies considered unrelated systems, the current study aims to quantify the usefulness of a series of related random propylene-ethylene co-polymers and assesses their potential for replacing XLPE.

  16. 37 CFR 201.17 - Statements of Account covering compulsory licenses for secondary transmissions by cable systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... system that meets this definition is considered a “cable system” for copyright purposes, even if the FCC...,” followed by: (i) The full legal name of the owner of the cable system. The owner of the cable system is the...: (i) The cable system shall first determine those DSE's to which the 3.75% rate established by 37...

  17. Systems requirements for cable modems in high-speed access networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Luis A.; Su, Shing-Fong

    1996-11-01

    Cable modems play an important role in turning the hybrid fiber coax (HFC) networks from pure broadcast video service to high-speed access networks. Many CATV companies and telephone companies are experimenting with high-speed data services over HFC. With today's technology, cable modems can easily run at a data rate of 10 Mbps or above. They allow subscribers fast access to on-line services and the Internet. A variety of cable modems have been developed and marketed by cable modem vendors. Selection of right cable modems for deployment in HFC access networks has become a nontrivial matter. Different HFC systems may require different types of cable modems. In this paper, we review the development of HFC systems and discuss data networking using approaches that include connectionless data networking and connection-oriented data networking systems. The system requirements for cable modems in terms of throughput, robustness, ease of operation, protocol efficiency, reliability, network management, and cost are addressed.

  18. Implementing overall equipment effectiveness system In submarine power cable manufacturing

    OpenAIRE

    Kankaanoja, Sami

    2015-01-01

    This master’s thesis is a part of a project, where Prysmian Group implementeda new overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) system in Pikkala plant to measure the performance of power cable manufacturing lines. This project is related to Prysmian Group’s strategic decision to implement Axxos OEE system to all its plants in North Europe region. Pikkala plant was together with the plant in Sweden the first ones to start implementing this system. Purpose of this master’s thesis is to examine t...

  19. UtilityTelecom_CABLE2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The VT Cable System dataset (CABLE2007) includes lines depicting the extent of Vermont's cable system as of 12/31/2007. Numerous cable companies provide service in...

  20. UtilityTelecom_CABLE2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The VT Cable System dataset (CABLE2005) includes lines depicting the extent of Vermont's cable system as of 12/31/2005. Numerous cable companies provide service in...

  1. Production process for advanced space satellite system cables/interconnects.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendoza, Luis A.

    2007-12-01

    This production process was generated for the satellite system program cables/interconnects group, which in essences had no well defined production process. The driver for the development of a formalized process was based on the set backs, problem areas, challenges, and need improvements faced from within the program at Sandia National Laboratories. In addition, the formal production process was developed from the Master's program of Engineering Management for New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology in Socorro New Mexico and submitted as a thesis to meet the institute's graduating requirements.

  2. Fiber optical cable and connector system (FOCCoS) for PFS/ Subaru

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Antonio Cesar; de Oliveira, Lígia Souza; de Arruda, Marcio V.; Souza Marrara, Lucas; dos Santos, Leandro H.; Ferreira, Décio; dos Santos, Jesulino B.; Rosa, Josimar A.; Junior, Orlando V.; Pereira, Jeferson M.; Castilho, Bruno; Gneiding, Clemens; Junior, Laerte S.; de Oliveira, Claudia M.; Gunn, James; Ueda, Akitoshi; Takato, Naruhisa; Shimono, Atsushi; Sugai, Hajime; Karoji, Hiroshi; Kimura, Masahiko; Tamura, Naoyuki; Wang, Shiang-Yu; Murray, Graham; Le Mignant, David; Madec, Fabrice; Jaquet, Marc; Vives, Sebastien; Fisher, Charlie; Braun, David; Schwochert, Mark; Reiley, Daniel J.

    2014-07-01

    FOCCoS, "Fiber Optical Cable and Connector System" has the main function of capturing the direct light from the focal plane of Subaru Telescope using optical fibers, each one with a microlens in its tip, and conducting this light through a route containing connectors to a set of four spectrographs. The optical fiber cable is divided in 3 different segments called Cable A, Cable B and Cable C. Multi-fibers connectors assure precise connection among all optical fibers of the segments, providing flexibility for instrument changes. To assure strong and accurate connection, these sets are arranged inside two types of assemblies: the Tower Connector, for connection between Cable C and Cable B; and the Gang Connector, for connection between Cable B and Cable A. Throughput tests were made to evaluate the efficiency of the connections. A lifetime test connection is in progress. Cable C is installed inside the PFI, Prime Focus Instrument, where each fiber tip with a microlens is bonded to the end of the shaft of a 2-stage piezo-electric rotatory motor positioner; this assembly allows each fiber to be placed anywhere within its patrol region, which is 9.5mm diameter.. Each positioner uses a fiber arm to support the ferrule, the microlens, and the optical fiber. 2400 of these assemblies are arranged on a motor bench plate in a hexagonal-closed-packed disposition. All optical fibers from Cable C, protected by tubes, pass through the motors' bench plate, three modular plates and a strain relief box, terminating at the Tower Connector. Cable B is permanently installed at Subaru Telescope structure, as a link between Cable C and Cable A. This cable B starts at the Tower Connector device, placed on a lateral structure of the telescope, and terminates at the Gang Connector device. Cable B will be routed to minimize the compression, torsion and bending caused by the cable weight and telescope motion. In the spectrograph room, Cable A starts at the Gang Connector, crosses a

  3. Fiber Optical Cable and Connector System (FOCCoS) for PFS/Subaru

    CERN Document Server

    de Oliveira, Antonio Cesar; de Arruda, Márcio V; Marrara, Lucas Souza; Santos, Leandro H dos; Ferreira, Décio; Santos, Jesulino B dos; Rosa, Josimar A; Junior, Orlando V; Pereira, Jeferson M; Castilho, Bruno; Gneiding, Clemens; Junior, Laerte S; de Oliveira, Claudia M; Gunn, James E; Ueda, Akitoshi; Takato, Naruhisa; Shimono, Atsushi; Sugai, Hajime; Karoji, Hiroshi; Kimura, Masahiko; Tamura, Naoyuki; Wang, Shiang-Yu; Murray, Graham; Mignant, David Le; Madec, Fabrice; Jaquet, Marc; Vives, Sebastien; Fisher, Charlie; Braun, David; Schwochert, Mark; Reiley, Daniel J

    2014-01-01

    FOCCoS, Fiber Optical Cable and Connector System, has the main function of capturing the direct light from the focal plane of Subaru Telescope using optical fibers, each one with a microlens in its tip, and conducting this light through a route containing connectors to a set of four spectrographs. The optical fiber cable is divided in 3 different segments called Cable A, Cable B and Cable C. Multi-fibers connectors assure precise connection among all optical fibers of the segments, providing flexibility for instrument changes. To assure strong and accurate connection, these sets are arranged inside two types of assemblies: the Tower Connector, for connection between Cable C and Cable B; and the Gang Connector, for connection between Cable B and Cable A. Throughput tests were made to evaluate the efficiency of the connections. A lifetime test connection is in progress. Cable C is installed inside the PFI, Prime Focus Instrument, where each fiber tip with a microlens is bonded to the end of the shaft of a 2-sta...

  4. Derivation of Theoretical Formulas of Sequence Currents on Underground Cable System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ohno, Teruo; Ametani, Akihiro; Bak, Claus Leth

    A reliable operation of a cable system necessitates an accurate calculation of sequence impedances of the system. It is recently even more important as longer cable lines are being constructed and planned. It has been a common practice that these sequence impedances or currents are measured after...... the installation and it is difficult to predict these values beforehand with good accuracy. This paper derives theoretical formulas of the sequence currents for a cross-bonded cable and a normal-bonded cable. The accuracy of the proposed formulas is verified through a comparison with EMTP simulations....

  5. Online fault location on AC cables in underground transmission systems using screen currents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Flytkjær; Nanayakkara, O.M.K.K; Rajapakse, Athula;

    This paper studies online travelling wave methods for fault location on a crossbonded cable system using screen currents. During the construction of the electrical connection to the 400 MW off shore wind farm Anholt, it was possible to perform measurements on a 38.4 km crossbonded cable system. A...

  6. DSBCS modulation scheme for hybrid wireless and cable television system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, P C; Wang, H Y; Chang, C H; Hu, H L; Yang, W Y; Wu, F K

    2014-01-13

    This work develops and demonstrates a double sideband with optical carrier suppression (DSBCS) modulation scheme for a hybrid wireless and cable television system based on a phase modulator (PM) and a polarization beam splitter (PBS). A carrier suppression ratio greater than 20 dB is achieved between two sidebands. In addition, the values of carrier-to-noise ratio, composite second-order and composite triple beat in various channels after 25 km of transmission are higher than the threshold value, and the power penalty of microwave signal in back-to-back and 25 km transmission perform well. Additionally, the constellation diagram of upstream signal is successfully recovered. Above results demonstrate that the proposed scheme is highly promising for practical applications.

  7. Study of High Voltage AC Underground Cable Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    da Silva, Filipe Miguel Faria; Bak, Claus Leth; Wiechowski, Wojciech T.

    2010-01-01

    High-Voltage cables are starting to be more often used to transmit electric energy at high-voltage levels, introducing in the electric grid phenomena that are uncommon when using Overhead Lines. Under the phenomena worthy of special attention are those related with the cable energisation and deen...

  8. System for effecting underwater coupling of optical fiber cables characterized by a novel V-probe cable capture mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillenbrand, Christopher F.; Barron, Thomas D.; Nugent, David M.

    1995-03-01

    A submarine trails one fiber optic cable and an undersea vehicle is controlled by this first cable. A missile/torpedo trails a second cable that is to be coupled to the first cable. The second cable has a segment suspended vertically underwater between a buoyant pod and a sea anchor type buoy. The undersea vehicle, or Autonomous Undersea Vehicle, (AUV) hunts for the pod by conventional homing means. A forked cable pickup device in the nose of the AUV captures the suspended cable segment directing it into a slot so a male socket in the underside of the pod mates with a female socket in the slot.

  9. System and method for sub-sea cable termination

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Qin; Yin, Weijun; Zhang, Lili

    2016-04-05

    An electrical connector includes a first cable termination chamber configured to receive a first power cable having at least a first conductor sheathed at least in part by a first insulating layer and a first insulation screen layer. Also, the electrical connector includes a first non-linear resistive layer configured to be coupled to a portion of the first conductor unsheathed by at least the first insulation screen layer and configured to control a direct current electric field generated in the first cable termination chamber. In addition, the electrical connector includes a first deflector configured to be coupled to the first power cable and control an alternating current electric field generated in the first cable termination chamber.

  10. Field test and theoretical analysis of electromagnetic pulse propagation velocity on crossbonded cable systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Flytkjær; Bak, Claus Leth; Gudmundsdottir, Unnur Stella;

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, the electromagnetic pulse propagation velocity on a three-phase cable system, consisting of three single core (SC) cables in flat formation with an earth continuity conductor is under study. The propagation velocity is an important parameter for most travelling wave off- and online...

  11. Mechanical behavior of a shelter system based on cable-strut structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-guo CAI; Ya ZHOU; Jian FENG; Yi-xiang XU

    2012-01-01

    A shelter system based on cable-strut structures,consisting of compressive struts and high-tensile elements,is described in this paper.The deployment of the shelter is achieved by tightening inclined cables.Lower cables are used to terminate the deployment.The state of self-stress of the cable-strut structures in the fully deployed configuration is given,and the minimum strut length and the maximum load design of the shelter are discussed.The mechanical behavior of the system was studied under symmetrical and asymmetrical load cases.The results show that the shelter in the deployed configuration satisfies the ultimate limit and the serviceability limit state conditions.Finally,the stability of the cable-strut system is investigated,considering the effect of imperfections on the buckling of the shelter.We conclude that the influence of imperfections based on the consistent imperfection mode method is not significant.

  12. Research development of digital maintenance and management system for long-span cable-stayed bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    REN Yuan; HUANG Qiao; SUN Yong-ming

    2009-01-01

    Digital cable-stayed bridge maintenance and management system (DCBMS) was developed for the need of maintenance and management of long-span cable-stayed bridges. In this paper, the major functions and theoretical application of eight modules were systematically stated with the background of Harbin Songhua River cable-stayed bridge, which include data management module, inspection and measurement module, assessment module, finite element analysis module, disease diagnosis and prediction module, maintenance module, query module and help module. By analyzing and calculating the data from manual inspection database, basic database and health monitoring subsystem, DCBMS can accomplish the functions like life prediction, disease diagnosis, comprehensive assessment, maintenance and management of bridges. Therefore, the maintenance and management of long-span cable-stayed bridges can be made digital, professional and scientific. By running this system, a real-time and specific technical guidance can be provided for the maintainers and managers of longspan cable-stayed bridges.

  13. The insulation coordination and surge arrester design for HTS cable system in Icheon substation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hansang, E-mail: Hansang80@korea.ac.kr [School of Railway and Electrical Engineering, Kyungil University, Hayang-eup, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do 712-701 (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Dong-Hee [Department of New and Renewable Energy, Kyungil University, Hayang-eup, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do 712-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Seung-Ryul [Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, Naeson-dong, Uiwang-si, Gyeonggi-do 437-080 (Korea, Republic of); Yang, Byeong-Mo [Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Munji-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-760 (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Gilsoo, E-mail: gjang@korea.ac.kr [School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Anam-dong 5-ga, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-01-15

    Highlights: ► It is necessary to study lightning response of the HTS cable. ► The analytic model has been developed for the HTS cable in the Icheon substation. ► Well-designed surge arrester has been verified through PSCAD/EMTDC simulations. -- Abstract: This paper proposes an insulation coordination and surge arrester design for HTS (High-Temperature Superconducting) cable system in Icheon substation in Korea. In the aspect of the economic analysis, since the HTS cable is very expensive, the insulation coordination to prevent the dielectric breakdown caused by the lightning surge should be considered carefully. Also, in the aspect of the power system reliability, since the HTS cable has much more capacity compared than conventional power cables and the ripple effect from the HTS cable failure may lead to the wide area blackout, an intensive study for insulation coordination from lightning surge is one of the most important considerations. In this paper, the insulation coordination for lightning surge is verified using HTS cable and power equipment models and the design of the proper surge arrester is proposed.

  14. 68 FR 2278 - Commercial Availability of Navigation Devices; Compatibility Between Cable Systems and Consumer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-16

    ...), 65 FR 58255, September 28, 2000. In its Compatibility Between Cable Systems and Consumer Electronics.... See Electronic Filing of Documents in Rulemaking Proceedings, 63 FR 24121 (1998). 9. Comments filed... Systems and Consumer Electronics Equipment AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION:...

  15. Structural integrity and damage assessment of high performance arresting cable systems using an embedded distributed fiber optic sensor (EDIFOS) system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza, Edgar A.; Kempen, Cornelia; Sun, Sunjian; Esterkin, Yan; Prohaska, John; Bentley, Doug; Glasgow, Andy; Campbell, Richard

    2010-04-01

    Redondo Optics in collaboration with the Cortland Cable Company, TMT Laboratories, and Applied Fiber under a US Navy SBIR project is developing an embedded distributed fiber optic sensor (EDIFOSTM) system for the real-time, structural health monitoring, damage assessment, and lifetime prediction of next generation synthetic material arresting gear cables. The EDIFOSTM system represents a new, highly robust and reliable, technology that can be use for the structural damage assessment of critical cable infrastructures. The Navy is currently investigating the use of new, all-synthetic- material arresting cables. The arresting cable is one of the most stressed components in the entire arresting gear landing system. Synthetic rope materials offer higher performance in terms of the strength-to-weight characteristics, which improves the arresting gear engine's performance resulting in reduced wind-over-deck requirements, higher aircraft bring-back-weight capability, simplified operation, maintenance, supportability, and reduced life cycle costs. While employing synthetic cables offers many advantages for the Navy's future needs, the unknown failure modes of these cables remains a high technical risk. For these reasons, Redondo Optics is investigating the use of embedded fiber optic sensors within the synthetic arresting cables to provide real-time structural assessment of the cable state, and to inform the operator when a particular cable has suffered impact damage, is near failure, or is approaching the limit of its service lifetime. To date, ROI and its collaborators have developed a technique for embedding multiple sensor fibers within the strands of high performance synthetic material cables and use the embedded fiber sensors to monitor the structural integrity of the cable structures during tensile and compressive loads exceeding over 175,000-lbsf without any damage to the cable structure or the embedded fiber sensors.

  16. Research on the video detection device in the invisible part of stay cable anchorage system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Lin; Deng, Nianchun; Xiao, Zexin

    2012-11-01

    The cables in anchorage zone of cable-stayed bridge are hidden within the embedded pipe, which leads to the difficulty for detecting the damage of the cables with visual inspection. We have built a detection device based on high-resolution video capture, realized the distance observing of invisible segment of stay cable and damage detection of outer surface of cable in the small volume. The system mainly consists of optical stents and precision mechanical support device, optical imaging system, lighting source, drived motor control and IP camera video capture system. The principal innovations of the device are ⑴A set of telescope objectives with three different focal lengths are designed and used in different distances of the monitors by means of converter. ⑵Lens system is far separated with lighting system, so that the imaging optical path could effectively avoid the harsh environment which would be in the invisible part of cables. The practice shows that the device not only can collect the clear surveillance video images of outer surface of cable effectively, but also has a broad application prospect in security warning of prestressed structures.

  17. Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nuclear weapons effects on submarine cable systems. Volume 1. Experiments and analysis. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-06-01

    This report presents a study of the nuclear weapons magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) effects on submarine communications cables. The study consisted of the analysis and interpretation of currently available data on submarine cable systems TAT-4, TAT-6, and TAT-7. The primary result of the study is that decrease of the effective resistivity with frequency over the available experimental range, coupled with the model results, leads to quite small effective resistivities at the MHD characteristic frequencies, and hence small earth potential differences. Thus, it appears that submarine cable systems are less susceptible to an MHD threat than their land-based counter-parts.

  18. Investigation of Tension Forces in A Stay Cable System of A Road Bridge Using Vibration Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hawryszków Paweł

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article author presents method of investigation of tension forces in stay cable systems using dynamical methods. Research was carried out during stay cable system installation on WN-24 viaduct near Poznań, that is way it was possible to compare tension forces indicated directly by devices using for tensioning of cable-stayed bridges with results achieved indirectly by means of dynamical methods. Discussion of results was presented. Advantages of dynamical methods and possible fields of application was described. This method, which has been rarely used before, may occur interesting alternative in diagnostics of bridges in comparison to traditional methods.

  19. A Cable-Passive Damper System for Sway and Skew Motion Control of a Crane Spreader

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    La Duc Viet

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available While the crane control problem is often approached by applying a certain active control command to some parts of the crane, this paper proposes a cable-passive damper system to reduce the vibration of a four-cable suspended crane spreader. The residual sway and skew motions of a crane spreader always produce the angle deflections between the crane cables and the crane spreader. The idea in this paper is to convert those deflections into energy dissipated by the viscous dampers, which connect the cables and the spreader. The proposed damper system is effective in reducing spreader sway and skew motions. Moreover, the optimal damping coefficient can be found analytically by minimizing the time integral of system energy. The numerical simulations show that the proposed passive system can assist the input shaping control of the trolley motion in reducing both sway and skew responses.

  20. Non destructive testing of medium and high voltage cables with a transportable radiography system

    OpenAIRE

    Bandekas, D. V.; K. Potolias; J. G. Fantidis; N. Vordos

    2010-01-01

    A power cable is the most important part in a power transmission system. The cables must be total quality dedicated andcertified for development, manufacturing and installation, however are exposed to a corrosive environment. The purpose ofthis paper is to show that the fast neutron radiography with a transportable system is a solution to find defects in the cablesand reduce the cost of inspection. The design, regarding the materials considered, was compatible with the European UnionDirective...

  1. Online Fault Location on AC Cables in Underground Transmission Systems using Sheath Currents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Flytkjær; Nanayakkarab, Kasun; Rajapakse, Athula;

    2014-01-01

    . At 31.4 km, all cables were accessible which made it possible to apply a fault using an arc free breaker and measure the travelling waves at each end of the cable. On a crossbonded cable system, the sheaths are short circuited and grounded at both ends. This makes possible the use of low voltage...... Rogowski coils if the sheath currents contain the necessary information for accurate fault location. In this paper, this is examined by analysis of field measurements and through a study of simulations. The wavelet transform and a visual inspection method are used and the accuracy is compared. Field...

  2. LONG TERM OPERATION ISSUES FOR ELECTRICAL CABLE SYSTEMS IN NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fifield, Dr Leonard S [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL; Glass III, Dr. Samuel W. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)

    2016-01-01

    Nuclear power plants contain hundreds of kilometers of electrical cables including cables used for power, for instrumentation, and for control. It is essential that safety-related cable systems continue to perform following a design-basis event. Wholesale replacement of electrical cables in existing plants facing licensing period renewal is both impractical and cost-prohibitive. It is therefore important to understand the long term aging of cable materials to have confidence that aged cables will perform when needed. It is equally important in support of cable aging management to develop methods to evaluate the health of installed cables and inform selective cable replacement decisions. The most common insulation materials for electrical cables in nuclear power plants are cross-linked polyethylene and ethylene-propylene rubber. The mechanical properties of these materials degrade over time in the presence of environmental stresses including heat, gamma irradiation, and moisture. Mechanical degradation of cable insulation beyond a certain threshold is unacceptable because it can lead to insulation cracking, exposure of energized conductors, arcing and burning or loss of the ability of the cable system to function during a design-basis accident. While thermal-, radiation-, and moisture-related degradation of polymer insulation materials has been extensively studied over the last few decades, questions remain regarding the long-term performance of cable materials in nuclear plant-specific environments. Identified knowledge gaps include an understanding of the temperature-dependence of activation energies for thermal damage and an understanding of the synergistic effects of radiation and thermal stress on polymer degradation. Many of the outstanding questions in the aging behavior of cable materials relate to the necessity of predicting long-term field degradation using accelerated aging results from the laboratory. Materials degrade faster under more extreme

  3. The Application of Geographic Information System on Telecommunication Cable Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Geographic Information System (GIS) is a computer system tomanage the geographically distributed data. It combines the process of geographic informat ion and attribute information. Telecommunication bureau has great requirements f or GIS and corresponding software platforms due to the speciality of the telecom m unication system. The design ideas, solutions and basic functions of the telecommunication GIS for the cable design and maintenance are discussed .

  4. System for effecting underwater coupling of optical fiber cables characterized by a novel lateral arm cable capture mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillenbrand, Christopher F.

    1995-03-01

    A submarine trails one fiber optic cable and an undersea vehicle is controlled by this first cable. A missile/torpedo trails a second cable that is to be coupled to the first cable. The second cable has a segment suspended vertically underwater between a buoyant pod and a sea anchor type buoy. The undersea vehicle, or autonomous undersea vehicle, (AUV) hunts for the pod by conventional homing components, and cable capturing arms on the vehicle direct the cable's movement relative to the vehicle into a pod mating position that achieves optical coupling of the two cables. In one embodiment two arms are pivotably mounted to the vehicle's sides so one arm captures the suspended cable segment directing it into a slot so a male socket in the underside of the pod mates with a female socket in the slot. Another embodiment accomplishes the same result with a device in which the arms are formed as the off-shoots of a forked cable pickup device in the nose of the AUV.

  5. Influence of Thermal Treatment on Magnetic Properties of Steel Sheet Material Utilised in Cable Routing System

    OpenAIRE

    Elemir Usak

    2013-01-01

    The influence of relax annealing aimed at removal of the residual stresses (so-called stress-relief annealing) on various magnetic parameters, such as the relative magnetic amplitude permeability, coercivity, remanent flux density, etc. is discussed. Samples of steel cable tray material which is a part of commercially available cable routing system were investigated in order to find information about the properties important from the point of view of EMC requirements in extremely demanding in...

  6. Influence of thermal treatment on magnetic properties of steel sheet material utilised in cable routing system

    OpenAIRE

    Ušák, Elemír

    2013-01-01

    The influence of relax annealing aimed at removal of the residual stresses (so-called stress-relief annealing) on various magnetic parameters, such as the relative magnetic amplitude permeability, coercivity, remanent flux density, etc. is discussed. Samples of steel cable tray material which is a part of commercially available cable routing system were investigated in order to find information about the properties important from the point of view of EMC requirements in extremely demanding in...

  7. Simulation of cutting process in the cable recycling system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yang; Luo, Zhen; Song, Kailei; Ao, Sansan; Wang, Rui

    2011-05-01

    The utilization of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment is a hot spot in environmental protection field presently and the resource utilization of cable wastes is an important subject. An enormous amount of electrical cable is disposed of as scrap each year. In order to recycle the valuable copper wires, cable granulator technique is used widely. However, one of the shortcomings of this technique is it has serious tool wear. In order to better understand the reason for tool wear, this paper simulates the stress and strain distribution in the cutting tool and copper during the cutting process in cable granulator by finite element method. The result shows that a tensile stress region, which is the main reason for blade tipping, appeared in the upper blade. Besides, the tensile stress in the right side of upper blade is higher than that in the left side. Therefore, in order to extend the life of cutter, we suggest using different materials in different stress zone to manufacture cutting tool. After the cutter was worn out, the right side of the blade can be renovated using material with well tensile performance through overlaying welding, as well as the left side of the blade can be renovated by material with high red hardness, high wear resistance, and high compression strength through overlaying welding. This method can reduce the consumption of precious metals and raise the utilization rate of materials.

  8. Space charge accumulation in polymeric high voltage DC cable systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bodega, R.

    2006-01-01

    One of the intrinsic properties of the polymeric high voltage (HV) direct current (DC) cable insulation is the accumulation of electrostatic charges. Accumulated charges distort the initial Laplacian distribution of the electric field, leading to a local field enhancement that may cause insulation d

  9. The data quality monitoring system of non-cable self-positioning seismographs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, F.; Lin, J.; Linhang, Z.; Hongyuan, Y.; Zubin, C.; Huaizhu, Z.; Sun, F.

    2013-12-01

    Seismic exploration is the most effective and promising geophysical exploration methods, it inverts underground geological structure by recording crust vibration caused by nature or artificial means. In order to get rid of the long-term dependence on imported seismographs, China pays more and more attention to the independent research and development of seismic exploration equipment. This study is based on the self-invented non-cable self-positioning seismographs of Jilin University. Non-cable seismographs have many advantages such as simple arrangement, light, easy to move, easy to maintain, low price, large storage space and high-quality data, they especially apply to complex terrain and field construction environment inconvenient laying big lines. The built-in integration of GPS realizes precise clock synchronization, fast and accurate self-positioning for non-cable seismographs. The low power design and the combination of built-in rechargeable battery and external power can effectively improve non-cable seismographs` working time, which ensures the stability of exploration and construction. In order to solve the problem that the non-cable seismographs are difficult to on-site data monitor and also to provide non-cable seismographs` ability of real-time data transmission, We integrate the wireless communication technology into non-cable seismographs, combing instrument, electronic, communication, computer and many other subject knowledge, design and develop seismic exploration field work control system and seismic data management system. Achieve two research objectives which are real-time data quality monitoring in the resource exploration field and status monitoring of large trace spacing long-term observations for seismographs. Through several field experiments in different regions, we accumulate a wealth of experience, and the experiments effectively prove the good practical performance of non-cable self-positioning seismographs and data quality monitoring

  10. Dynamics analysis of planar armored cable motion in deep-sea ROV system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全伟才; 张竺英; 张艾群

    2014-01-01

    The armored cable used in a deep-sea remotely operated vehicle (ROV) may undergo large displacement motion when subjected to dynamic actions of ship heave motion and ocean current. A novel geometrically exact finite element model for two-dimensional dynamic analysis of armored cable is presented. This model accounts for the geometric nonlinearities of large displacement of the armored cable, and effects of axial load and bending stiffness. The governing equations are derived by consistent linearization and finite element discretization of the total weak form of the armored cable system, and solved by the Newmark time integration method. To make the solution procedure avoid falling into the local extreme points, a simple adaptive stepping strategy is proposed. The presented model is validated via actual measured data. Results for dynamic configurations, motion and tension of both ends of the armored cable, and resonance-zone are presented for two numerical cases, including the dynamic analysis under the case of only ship heave motion and the case of joint action of ship heave motion and ocean current. The dynamics analysis can provide important reference for the design or product selection of the armored cable in a deep-sea ROV system so as to improve the safety of its marine operation under the sea state of 4 or above.

  11. UtilityTelecom_CABLE2013

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The VT Cable dataset (CABLE2013) includes lines depicting the extent of Vermont's cable modem broadband system as of 6/30/2013 in addition to those companies who do...

  12. Dynamic Simulation and Tension Compensation Research on Subsea Umbilical Cable Laying System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guojun Bi; Shaohua Zhu; Jun Liu; Xiaoming Fang; Liquan Wang

    2013-01-01

    For studying the dynamic performance of subsea umbilical cable laying system and achieving the goal of cable tension and laying speed control, the rigid finite element method is used to discrete and transform the system into a rigid-flexible coupling multi-body system which consists of rigid elements and spring-damping elements. The mathematical model of subsea umbilical cable laying system kinematic chain is presented with the second order Lagrange equation in the joint coordinate system, and dynamic modeling and simulation is performed with ADAMS. The dynamic analysis is conducted assuming the following three statuses:ideal laying, practical laying under wave disturbance, and practical laying with tension compensation. Results show that motion disturbances of the laying budge under sea waves, especially with heaving and pitching, will cause relatively serious fluctuations in cable tension and laying speed. Tension compensation, i.e., active back tension torque control can restrict continuous tension increasing or decreasing effectively and rapidly, thus avoiding cable breach or buckling.

  13. Brillouin distributed temperature sensing system for monitoring of submarine export cables of off-shore wind farms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marx, Benjamin; Rath, Alexander; Kolm, Frederick; Schröder, Andreas; Buntebarth, Christian; Dreß, Albrecht; Hill, Wieland

    2016-05-01

    For high-voltage cables, the maximum temperature of the insulation must never be exceeded at any location and at any load condition. The local temperatures depend not only on the cable design and load history, but also on the local thermal environment of the cable. Therefore, distributed temperature monitoring of high-voltage cables is essential to ensure the integrity of the cable at high load. Especially, the load of the export cables of wind farms varies strongly in dependence on weather conditions. In this field study, we demonstrate the measurement performance of a new, robust Brillouin distributed temperature sensing system (Brillouin-DTS). The system is based on spontaneous Brillouin scattering and does not require a fibre loop. This is essential for long submarine high-voltage cables, where normally no loop can be formed in the seabed. It is completely passively cooled and does not contain any moving or wearing parts. The instrument is dedicated for use in industrial and other rough environments. With a measuring time below 10 min, the temperature resolution is better than 1 °C for distances up to 50 km. In the field study, the submarine export cable of an off-shore wind farm has been monitored. The temperature profile of the export cable shows several hot spots, mostly located at cable joints, and also several cold spots.

  14. Online fault location on crossbonded AC cables in underground transmission systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    F. Jensen, Christian; Bak, Claus Leth; Gudmundsdottir, Unnur Stella

    2014-01-01

    of a 245 kV crossbonded cable system, connecting the newly installed 400 MW Danish offshore wind farm Anholt to the main grid, are obtained and used to verify the proposed system. Furthermore, extensive simulation data created in PSCAD/EMTDC is used in order to examine the robustness of the system...

  15. Research on communication system of underground safety management based on leaky feeder cable

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Jian-hong; ZHANG Tao; CHENG Yun-cai; ZHANG Han

    2007-01-01

    According to the current working status of underground safety management and production scheduling, the importance and existed problem of underground mine radio communication were summarized, and the basic principle and classification of leaky feeder cable were introduced and the characteristics of cable were analyzed specifically in depth, and the application model of radio communication system for underground mine safety management was put forward. Meanwhile, the research explanation of the system component, function and evaluation was provided. The discussion result indicates that communication system of underground mine safety management which is integrated two-way relay amplifier and other equipment has many communication functions, and underground mine mobile communication can be achieved well.

  16. Energy conservation research of dehumidification system for main cable anticorrosion of suspension bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Ce; Fan Liangkai; Feng Zhaoxiang; Pen Guanzhong

    2011-01-01

    The necessity of the main cable anticorrosion for suspension bridge is described, and operating principles and composition of main cable dehumidification system are analyzed. An idea using the waste heat of high temperature outlet air of dehumidification system to heat up regeneration air of rotary-type dehumidifier is put forward in this paper. The concrete scheme is to install a heat exchanger on air-out pipeline of roots blower and air-in pipeline of regeneration electric heater of rotary dehumidifier. Air preheated by the heat exchanger enters regeneration electric heater of rotary-type dehumidifier. Energy conservation of main cable dehumidification system for the Yangtze River highway bridge is calculated, and the results show that energy conservation rate can reach 44 %.

  17. 控制系统电缆的屏蔽%Shield of Cable for Control System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈靖元; 王瑞东; 马玉亮; 徐义亨

    2012-01-01

    The electromagnetic noise in Control system mostly comes from the port via the external cables, the cable shielding is particularly important in anti-interference engineering of the control system. By introduction of grounding method for shielding layer, material selection for inside shielding layer, stadia of twisted pair cables, burying cables through metal pipes, the application and principle of cable shielding for automation engineering are disclosed, and the noticeable things are also approached.%控制系统面临的电磁噪声,大部分是外部电缆从端口引入系统的,电缆的屏蔽在控制系统的抗干扰过程中显得尤为重要。通过对电缆屏蔽层的接地方法、电缆内屏蔽层的材质选择、双绞电缆的绞距选择、电缆穿金属管的埋地敷设等的介绍,阐述了自控工程中电缆屏蔽的机理和应用,并提出需要注意的地方。

  18. Online Location of Faults on AC Cables in Underground Transmission Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Flytkjær

    difficulties for the fault locator systems currently in use and such can therefore not be applied directly. In this thesis, the analysis and development of a fault locator system capable of locating faults with high accuracy on crossbonded cables and hybrid lines is presented. The thesis is divided into five...... parts; The preliminaries, a part which deals with the use of impedance-based fault location methods on crossbonded cables, a part which deals with travelling wave-based fault location, a part listing the conclusions and contributions of the thesis and an appendix. A state-of-the-art analysis...... if the reactive part is used directly to determine the distance to fault. The discontinuities make the utilisation of an analytical methods difficult, as fault location methods in general expect a homogenous series impedance matrix for the entire cable run. An analysis of the influencing parameters is carried out...

  19. Plants and Animals as Concept Generators for the Development of Biomimetic Cable Entry Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tom Masseiter; Uwe Scharf; Thomas Speck

    2008-01-01

    Many animals and plants have high potential to serve as concept generators for developing biomimetic materials and structures. We present some ideas based on structural and functional properties of plants and animals that led to the development of two types of biomimetic cable entry systems. Those systems have been realized on the level of functional demonstrators.

  20. Designing a structured cabling system to ISO 11801 cross-referenced to European CENELEC and American standards

    CERN Document Server

    Elliott, B J

    2002-01-01

    This book is a practical design manual for structured cabling and explains the terminology and physics behind the relevant standards, what the applicable standards are, how they fit together and where to obtain them. Designing a structured cabling system to ISO 11801 2nd edition is the first book to give a commentary on the latest design standard for structured cabling: ISO 11801: Information Technology - generic cabling for customer premises, 2nd edition 2002 Anyone using this book will be able to read and understand this new version of the standard and all the other relevant standards and re

  1. Submarine Optical Fiber Cable Systems for High Speed Growth Developments in Optical Communication Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Optical Submarine Cable systems play a principal role in international telecommunications, thanks to their superiority over satellite systems in terms of stability, latency and upgradability. The business of constructing and then maintaining and selling capacity over submarine fiber optic cables is fascinating, and is absolutely fundamental to modern day communications. The sector has its own unique challenges due to the extraordinarily rapid pace of development in transmission technologies as well as the timescales and levels of investment required to build new systems. In the present paper, ultimate optical transmission of ultra multi channels huge submarine cables under different depth conditions has been investigated over wide range of the affecting parameters. The double impact of both temperature and pressure is also analyzed. We have employed multiplexing technique namely UW-WDM to be merged number of 10000 transmitted channels on the same submarine optical transmission links respectively. Based on experimental data, both the deep ocean water temperature and pressure are tailored as functions of the water depth. The product of the transmitted bit rate and the repeater spacing is processed over wide ranges of the affecting parameters. As well as we have taken into account the estimation of the total cost planning and transmission data rate capacity of the submarine fiber cable system for this multiplexing technique under study.

  2. 68 FR 50725 - Compatibility Between Cable Systems and Consumer Electronics Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-08-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 15 Compatibility Between Cable Systems and Consumer Electronics Equipment AGENCY... Commission adopted new rules on the labeling of digital television receivers and other consumer electronics... published in the Federal Register on October 27, 2000. This document announces the effective date of...

  3. Power System Technical Performance Issues Related to the Application of Long HVAC Cables

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Claus Leth

    The aim of this TB is to serve as a practical guide for preparing models and performing studies necessary during the assessment of the technical performance of HV/EHV systems with a large share of (long) AC cables. The brochure follows all phases of planning and analysis of a typical underground ...

  4. Line Differential Protection Scheme Modelling for Underground 420 kV Cable Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sztykiel, Michal; Bak, Claus Leth; Dollerup, Sebastian

    2011-01-01

    Based on the analysis of a specific relay model and an HVAC (High Voltage Alternating Current) cable system, a detailed approach to EMTDC/PSCAD modelling of protective relays is presented. Such approach allows to create complex and accurate relay models derived from the original algorithms. Relay...

  5. Line Differential Protection Scheme Modelling for Underground 420 kV Cable Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sztykiel, Michal; Bak, Claus Leth; Wiechowski, Wojciech;

    2010-01-01

    Based on the analysis of a specific relay model and an HVAC (High Voltage Alternating Current) cable system, a new approach to EMTDC/PSCAD modelling of protective relays is presented. Such approach allows to create complex and accurate relay models derived from the original algorithms. Relay models...

  6. 37 CFR 256.2 - Royalty fee for compulsory license for secondary transmission by cable systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... interpreted in accordance with 47 CFR 76.51, as effective June 24, 1981. ... Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ARBITRATION ROYALTY PANEL RULES AND PROCEDURES... which $263,800 exceeds such actual gross receipts, except that in no case shall a cable system's...

  7. An energy harvesting system using the wind-induced vibration of a stay cable for powering a wireless sensor node

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper proposes an electromagnetic energy harvesting system, which utilizes the wind-induced vibration of a stay cable, and investigates its feasibility for powering a wireless sensor node on the cable through numerical simulations as well as experimental tests. To this end, the ambient acceleration responses of a stay cable installed in an in-service cable-stayed bridge are measured, and then they are used as input excitations in cases of both numerical simulations and experimental tests to evaluate the performance of the proposed energy harvesting system. The results of the feasibility test demonstrate that the proposed system generates sufficient electricity for operation of a wireless sensor node attached on the cable under the moderate wind conditions

  8. DFACS - DATABASE, FORMS AND APPLICATIONS FOR CABLING AND SYSTEMS, VERSION 3.30

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billitti, J. W.

    1994-01-01

    DFACS is an interactive multi-user computer-aided engineering tool for system level electrical integration and cabling engineering. The purpose of the program is to provide the engineering community with a centralized database for entering and accessing system functional definitions, subsystem and instrument-end circuit pinout details, and harnessing data. The primary objective is to provide an instantaneous single point of information interchange, thus avoiding error-prone, time-consuming, and costly multiple-path data shuttling. The DFACS program, which is centered around a single database, has built-in menus that provide easy data input and access for all involved system, subsystem, and cabling personnel. The DFACS program allows parallel design of circuit data sheets and harness drawings. It also recombines raw information to automatically generate various project documents and drawings including the Circuit Data Sheet Index, the Electrical Interface Circuits List, Assembly and Equipment Lists, Electrical Ground Tree, Connector List, Cable Tree, Cabling Electrical Interface and Harness Drawings, Circuit Data Sheets, and ECR List of Affected Interfaces/Assemblies. Real time automatic production of harness drawings and circuit data sheets from the same data reservoir ensures instant system and cabling engineering design harmony. DFACS also contains automatic wire routing procedures and extensive error checking routines designed to minimize the possibility of engineering error. DFACS is designed to run on DEC VAX series computers under VMS using Version 6.3/01 of INGRES QUEL/OSL, a relational database system which is available through Relational Technology, Inc. The program is available in VAX BACKUP format on a 1600 BPI 9-track magnetic tape (standard media) or a TK50 tape cartridge. DFACS was developed in 1987 and last updated in 1990. DFACS is a copyrighted work with all copyright vested in NASA. DEC, VAX and VMS are trademarks of Digital Equipment Corporation

  9. Verification tests of a 66 kV HTSC cable system for practical use (first cooling tests)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masuda, T.; Kato, T.; Yumura, H.; Watanabe, M.; Ashibe, Y.; Ohkura, K.; Suzawa, C.; Hirose, M.; Isojima, S.; Matsuo, K.; Honjo, S.; Mimura, T.; Kuramochi, T.; Takahashi, Y.; Suzuki, H.; Okamoto, T.

    2002-10-01

    Tokyo Electric Power Company and Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. have been jointly developing elementary technologies for an high temperature superconducting (HTSC) cable system, such as conductor wound with HTSC wires, thermal insulation pipes, terminations and so on. Verification tests of a 100 m HTSC cable system integrating these elementary technologies have been conducted in collaboration with Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI) to verify its long term electric and cryogenic properties. The cable conductor is composed of four layers of Bi-2223 wires wound spirally around a former. Polypropylene laminated paper impregnated with liquid nitrogen is adopted as cable insulation for its properties of high insulation strength and low dielectric loss. HTSC wires are also wound around the electrical insulation to form an electrical and magnetic shield. To reduce heat invasion from ambient temperature part, multi-layer insulation is wound between the co-axial stainless corrugated pipes where high vacuum is maintained. The cable was partially installed into a ∅ 150 mm duct and formed in a U-shape. Each end has a splitter box and three terminations. The cable and the terminations are cooled using two separate sets of a pressurized and sub-cooled liquid nitrogen cooling system. The cable has been developed and laid at CRIEPI's test site and long-term tests have been under way since June, 2001. This paper presents the design of the cable and some results of the first cooling tests.

  10. Cryogenic helium gas circulation system for advanced characterization of superconducting cables and other devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamidi, Sastry; Kim, Chul Han; Kim, Jae-Ho; Crook, Danny; Dale, Steinar

    2012-04-01

    A versatile cryogenic test bed, based on circulating cryogenic helium gas, has been designed, fabricated, and installed at the Florida State University Center for Advanced Power Systems (FSU-CAPS). The test bed is being used to understand the benefits of integrating the cryogenic systems of multiple superconducting power devices. The helium circulation system operates with four sets of cryocooler and heat exchanger combinations. The maximum operating pressure of the system is 2.1 MPa. The efficacy of helium circulation systems in cooling superconducting power devices is evaluated using a 30-m-long simulated superconducting cable in a flexible cryostat. Experiments were conducted at various mass flow rates and a variety of heat load profiles. A 1-D thermal model was developed to understand the effect of the gas flow parameters on the thermal gradients along the cable. Experimental results are in close agreement with the results from the thermal model.

  11. Integrated system of structural health monitoring and intelligent management for a cable-stayed bridge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Bin; Wang, Xu; Sun, Dezhang; Xie, Xu

    2014-01-01

    It is essential to construct structural health monitoring systems for large important bridges. Zhijiang Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge that was built recently over the Hangzhou Qiantang River (the largest river in Zhejiang Province). The length of Zhijiang Bridge is 478 m, which comprises an arched twin-tower space and a twin-cable plane structure. As an example, the present study describes the integrated system of structural health monitoring and intelligent management for Zhijiang Bridge, which comprises an information acquisition system, data management system, evaluation and decision-making system, and application service system. The monitoring components include the working environment of the bridge and various factors that affect bridge safety, such as the stress and strain of the main bridge structure, vibration, cable force, temperature, and wind speed. In addition, the integrated system includes a forecasting and decision-making module for real-time online evaluation, which provides warnings and makes decisions based on the monitoring information. From this, the monitoring information, evaluation results, maintenance decisions, and warning information can be input simultaneously into the bridge monitoring center and traffic emergency center to share the monitoring data, thereby facilitating evaluations and decision making using the system.

  12. Integrated System of Structural Health Monitoring and Intelligent Management for a Cable-Stayed Bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bin Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available It is essential to construct structural health monitoring systems for large important bridges. Zhijiang Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge that was built recently over the Hangzhou Qiantang River (the largest river in Zhejiang Province. The length of Zhijiang Bridge is 478 m, which comprises an arched twin-tower space and a twin-cable plane structure. As an example, the present study describes the integrated system of structural health monitoring and intelligent management for Zhijiang Bridge, which comprises an information acquisition system, data management system, evaluation and decision-making system, and application service system. The monitoring components include the working environment of the bridge and various factors that affect bridge safety, such as the stress and strain of the main bridge structure, vibration, cable force, temperature, and wind speed. In addition, the integrated system includes a forecasting and decision-making module for real-time online evaluation, which provides warnings and makes decisions based on the monitoring information. From this, the monitoring information, evaluation results, maintenance decisions, and warning information can be input simultaneously into the bridge monitoring center and traffic emergency center to share the monitoring data, thereby facilitating evaluations and decision making using the system.

  13. Holbrook Substation Superconductor Cable System, Long Island, New York Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maguire, James; McNamara, Joseph

    2010-06-25

    The LIPA Superconductor project broke ground on July 4, 2006, was first energized on April 22, 2008 (Earth Day) and was commissioned on June 25, 2008. Since commissioning, up until early March, 2009, there were numerous refrigeration events that impacted steady state operations. This led to the review of the alarms that were being generated and a rewrite of the program logic in order to decrease the hypersensitivity surrounding these alarms. The high temperature superconductor (HTS) cable was energized on March 5, 2009 and ran uninterrupted until a human error during a refrigeration system switchover knocked the cable out of the grid in early February 2010. The HTS cable was in the grid uninterrupted from March 5, 2009 to February 4, 2010. Although there have been refrigeration events (propagated mainly by voltage sags/surges) during this period, the system was able to automatically switch over from the primary to the backup refrigeration system without issue as required during this period. On February 4, 2010, when switching from the backup over to the primary refrigeration system, two rather than one liquid nitrogen pumps were started inadvertently by a human error (communication) causing an overpressure in the cable cooling line. This in turn activated the pressure relief valve located in the grounding substation. The cable was automatically taken out of the grid without any damage to the components or system as a result of signals sent from the AMSC control cabinet to the LIPA substation. The cable was switched back into the grid again on March 16, 2010 without incident and has been operational since that time. Since switching from the backup to the primary is not an automatic process, a recent improvement was added to the refrigeration operating system to allow remote commands to return the system from backup to primary cooling. This improvement makes the switching procedure quicker since travel to the site to perform this operation is no longer necessary and

  14. Finite element simulations of low-mass readout cables for the CBM Silicon Tracking System using RAPHAEL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singla, M.; Chatterji, S.; Müller, W. F. J.; Kleipa, V.; Heuser, J. M.

    2014-01-01

    The first three-dimensional simulation study of thin multi-line readout cables using finite element simulation tool RAPHAEL is being reported. The application is the Silicon Tracking System (STS) of the fixed-target heavy-ion experiment Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM), under design at the forthcoming accelerator center FAIR in Germany. RAPHAEL has been used to design low-mass analog readout cables with minimum possible Equivalent Noise Charge (ENC). Various trace geometries and trace materials have been explored in detail for this optimization study. These cables will bridge the distance between the microstrip detectors and the signal processing electronics placed at the periphery of the silicon tracking stations. SPICE modeling has been implemented in Sentaurus Device to study the transmission loss (dB loss) in cables and simulation has been validated with measurements. An optimized design having minimum possible ENC, material budget and transmission loss for the readout cables has been proposed.

  15. Line Differential Protection Scheme Modelling for Underground 420 kV Cable Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Sztykiel, Michal; Bak, Claus Leth; Dollerup, Sebastian

    2011-01-01

    Based on the analysis of a specific relay model and an HVAC (High Voltage Alternating Current) cable system, a detailed approach to EMTDC/PSCAD modelling of protective relays is presented. Such approach allows to create complex and accurate relay models derived from the original algorithms. Relay models can be applied with various systems, allowing to obtain the most optimal configuration of the protective relaying. The present paper describes modelling methodology on the basis of Siemens SIP...

  16. Smart monitoring system based on adaptive current control for superconducting cable test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arpaia, Pasquale [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, University of Naples Federico II, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Technology Department, European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), 1217 Geneva (Switzerland); Ballarino, Amalia; Montenero, Giuseppe [Technology Department, European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), 1217 Geneva (Switzerland); Daponte, Vincenzo [Technology Department, European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), 1217 Geneva (Switzerland); Department of Electronics, Information, and Bioengineering, Polytechnic of Milan, 20133 Milano (Italy); Svelto, Cesare [Department of Electronics, Information, and Bioengineering, Polytechnic of Milan, 20133 Milano (Italy)

    2014-12-15

    A smart monitoring system for superconducting cable test is proposed with an adaptive current control of a superconducting transformer secondary. The design, based on Fuzzy Gain Scheduling, allows the controller parameters to adapt continuously, and finely, to the working variations arising from transformer nonlinear dynamics. The control system is integrated in a fully digital control loop, with all the related benefits, i.e., high noise rejection, ease of implementation/modification, and so on. In particular, an accurate model of the system, controlled by a Fuzzy Gain Scheduler of the superconducting transformer, was achieved by an experimental campaign through the working domain at several current ramp rates. The model performance was characterized by simulation, under all the main operating conditions, in order to guide the controller design. Finally, the proposed monitoring system was experimentally validated at European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in comparison to the state-of-the-art control system [P. Arpaia, L. Bottura, G. Montenero, and S. Le Naour, “Performance improvement of a measurement station for superconducting cable test,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 095111 (2012)] of the Facility for the Research on Superconducting Cables, achieving a significant performance improvement: a reduction in the system overshoot by 50%, with a related attenuation of the corresponding dynamic residual error (both absolute and RMS) up to 52%.

  17. Non destructive testing of medium and high voltage cables with a transportable radiography system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. V. Bandekas

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A power cable is the most important part in a power transmission system. The cables must be total quality dedicated andcertified for development, manufacturing and installation, however are exposed to a corrosive environment. The purpose ofthis paper is to show that the fast neutron radiography with a transportable system is a solution to find defects in the cablesand reduce the cost of inspection. The design, regarding the materials considered, was compatible with the European UnionDirective on “Restriction of Hazardous Substances” (RoHS 2002/95/EC, hence excluding the use of cadmium and lead.Wide width values for the collimator ratio were calculated. With suitable collimator design it was possibly to optimize theneutron radiography parameters. Finally the shielding design was examined closely. The proposed system has been simulatedusing the MCNPX code.

  18. 400 MW grid connection to the Anholt offshore wind farm in a single 220 kV cable system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kvarts, Thomas [Energinet.dk (Denmark); Bailleul, March; Douima, Youssef; Petitot, Francois [General Cable Group, Silec, Cachan (France); Domingo, Jose M. [General Cable Group (Spain); Jensen, Anders; Salwin, Sven T. [nkt cables (Denmark)

    2011-07-01

    In 2012, the so far largest wind farm in Denmark, Anholt offshore wind farm, will bring 400 MW more electrical power to Denmark. To that effect, Energinet.dk, Denmark's transmission system operator, will install and operate an 85-km-long grid connection from the Anholt platform to the Danish electricity transmission grid. This connection is composed of: (1) a single 24 km 245 kV submarine, 3 core cable, delivered and installed by nkt cables, and (2) a 60 km 245 kV underground cable system, delivered by the General Cable group. (3) an offshore transformer platform. (4) reactive compensation and transformation onshore. This aim of this paper is to present the characteristics of this project, the first at 245 kV in Denmark, and one of the first 245 kV 3 core submarine cables worldwide. We will first discuss the reasons that prevailed in defining the link's design: routes, voltage, cables dimensioning, impact of capitalized losses etc. Then, the submarine and underground cable systems' characteristics and necessary type test are presented. Finally, we present an overview of the actual implementation of each solution. (orig.)

  19. Characteristic analysis of DC electric railway systems with superconducting power cables connecting power substations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of superconducting power cables to DC electric railway systems has been studied. It could leads to an effective use of regenerative brake, improved energy efficiency, effective load sharing among the substations, etc. In this study, an electric circuit model of a DC feeding system is built and numerical simulation is carried out using MATLAB-Simulink software. A modified electric circuit model with an AC power grid connection taken into account is also created to simulate the influence of the grid connection. The analyses have proved that a certain amount of energy can be conserved by introducing superconducting cables, and that electric load distribution and concentration among the substations depend on the substation output voltage distribution.

  20. 有线电视系统的防雷措施%The Cabled TV System Defends Thunder Measure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何万福

    2015-01-01

    在有线电视系统中,防雷是一项十分重要的工作,也是有线电视工作者长期研究的重要课题,分析了雷电对有线电视系统的影响,针对雷电的危害,提出了有线电视系统的防雷措施。%In the cabled TV system , defending the thunder is a very important work , also a cabled TV the worker studies over a long period of time of important topic .The text analyzed thunder and lightning's influence for cabled TV system , the harm aiming at thunder and lightning , put forward the defending of cabled TV sys-tem thunder measure .

  1. Passive energy dissipation enhancement of linear frame structures by the damped cable system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorace, S.; Terenzi, G.

    2013-10-01

    The Damped Cable System (DCS) is an innovative seismic protection technology of frame structures that incorporates pre-stressed steel cables linked to fluid viscous spring-dampers fixed to the foundation, at their lower ends, and to the top floor, or one of the upper floors, at their upper ends. The cables have sliding contacts with the floor slabs, to which they are joined by steel deviators. This determines a high-dissipative dynamic coupling between DCS and structure, capable of remarkably enhancing the seismic performance of the latter. An extensive research activity has been developed by the authors on the system, which included laboratory and field testing campaigns, structural modelling and assessment, and the formulation of design procedures. In this paper attention is focused on the finite element model of the DCS, conceived to be easily generated by commercial structural analysis programs, and validated by comparison with the results of the experimental surveys carried out. The model was ultimately updated, and its computational performance is examined by application to a demonstrative case study, constituted by a steel school built in the late 1960s.

  2. Analysis on Motion and Cable Dynamic Tension for An ALT-Tanker System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Hong-xia; TANG You-gang; LIU Li-qin; ZHANG Ruo-yu

    2009-01-01

    A two-degree freedom model for an ALT-tanker system is established corresponding to the pitch of the ALT and the surge of the tanker.Tension in the mooring cable between the ALT and the tanker is represented by an unsymmetrical,piecewise-nonlinear function.Wave load on the tower is evaluated by use of the Morison equation.The first order wave load acting on the tanker is calculated by the linear diffraction theory based on the 2-D Helmholtz equation,and the near field approach of Pinkster is used to evaluate the second order drift force.The dynamic equation of motion is established based on the principle of D'lembert.Dynamic response and cable tension of a mooring system composed of an 88.4 m ALT and a 100000 t grade tanker are calculated.The influence of wave frequency,wave excitation amplitude,wind and current force on ALT-tanker motion and cable tension is discussed.

  3. Data acquisition system for a cabled ocean bottom seismometer (OBS)

    OpenAIRE

    Rogalski, Tomasz; Shariat Panahi, Shahram; Río Fernandez, Joaquín del; Manuel Lázaro, Antonio

    2010-01-01

    Ocean Bottom Seismometers (OBS) are highly used to monitor seismic activities at sea. They are also used to detect tsunamis and generate warning alarms. This paper presents a data acquisition system built for an OBS with capability to synchronize time through IEEE-1588 protocol. This acquisition system provides real time data through the Ethernet making it suitable for OBSs deployed at seafloor observatories.

  4. Cable Tester Box

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jason H.

    2011-01-01

    Cables are very important electrical devices that carry power and signals across multiple instruments. Any fault in a cable can easily result in a catastrophic outcome. Therefore, verifying that all cables are built to spec is a very important part of Electrical Integration Procedures. Currently, there are two methods used in lab for verifying cable connectivity. (1) Using a Break-Out Box and an ohmmeter this method is time-consuming but effective for custom cables and (2) Commercial Automated Cable Tester Boxes this method is fast, but to test custom cables often requires pre-programmed configuration files, and cables used on spacecraft are often uniquely designed for specific purposes. The idea is to develop a semi-automatic continuity tester that reduces human effort in cable testing, speeds up the electrical integration process, and ensures system safety. The JPL-Cable Tester Box is developed to check every single possible electrical connection in a cable in parallel. This system indicates connectivity through LED (light emitting diode) circuits. Users can choose to test any pin/shell (test node) with a single push of a button, and any other nodes that are shorted to the test node, even if they are in the same connector, will light up with the test node. The JPL-Cable Tester Boxes offers the following advantages: 1. Easy to use: The architecture is simple enough that it only takes 5 minutes for anyone to learn how operate the Cable Tester Box. No pre-programming and calibration are required, since this box only checks continuity. 2. Fast: The cable tester box checks all the possible electrical connections in parallel at a push of a button. If a cable normally takes half an hour to test, using the Cable Tester Box will improve the speed to as little as 60 seconds to complete. 3. Versatile: Multiple cable tester boxes can be used together. As long as all the boxes share the same electrical potential, any number of connectors can be tested together.

  5. System solutions study on the fatigue of the fast cable-net structure caused by form-changing operation

    CERN Document Server

    Jiang, Peng; Qian, Lei; Yue, You-Ling

    2015-01-01

    The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST) is supported by a cable-net structure, whose change in form leads to a stress range of approximately 500MPa. This stress range is more than twice the standard authorized value. The cable-net structure is thus the most critical and fragile part of the FAST reflector system. In this study, we first search for a more appropriate deformation strategy that reduces the stress amplitude generated by the form-changing operation. Second, we roughly estimate the tracking trajectory of the telescope during its service life, and conduct an extensive numerical investigation to assess the fatigue resistance requirements. Finally, we develop a new type of steel cable system that meets that cable requirements for FAST construction.

  6. 'Green' Submarine Cable Systems for Ocean/Climate Monitoring and Disaster Warning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, C. R.; Butler, R.; Howe, B. M.; Bueti, M. C.

    2013-12-01

    A recent joint initiative between three UN agencies is proposing to develop trans-ocean mini-observatories to measure changing seafloor ocean observables. A Joint Task Force (JTF), established in 2012 by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, is examining novel uses for submarine telecommunication cables. With ITU secretariat support, the JTF is developing a strategy and roadmap that could lead to enabling the availability of modified 'green' submarine cable systems equipped with scientific sensors (such as temperature, pressure and acceleration) for climate monitoring and disaster risk reduction (particularly tsunamis). If successful and needing support from industry and regulatory bodies, a wide network of mini-observatories could be established at many places across the world's ocean floors to measure these important parameters accurately over several decades. The initiative addresses two main issues: a) the need for sustained climate-quality data from the sparsely observed deep oceans and continental slopes but extending into coastal waters; and b) the desire to increase the reliability and integrity of the global tsunami warning networks. Presently, plans are being developed to launch a pilot project with the active involvement of cable industry players and existing ocean observatory researchers.

  7. Electrical power cable engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Thue, William A

    2011-01-01

    Fully updated, Electrical Power Cable Engineering, Third Edition again concentrates on the remarkably complex design, application, and preparation methods required to terminate and splice cables. This latest addition to the CRC Press Power Engineering series covers cutting-edge methods for design, manufacture, installation, operation, and maintenance of reliable power cable systems. It is based largely on feedback from experienced university lecturers who have taught courses on these very concepts.The book emphasizes methods to optimize vital design and installation of power cables used in the

  8. Cable Diagnostic Focused Initiative

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hartlein, R.A.; Hampton, R.N.

    2010-12-30

    This report summarizes an extensive effort made to understand how to effectively use the various diagnostic technologies to establish the condition of medium voltage underground cable circuits. These circuits make up an extensive portion of the electric delivery infrastructure in the United States. Much of this infrastructure is old and experiencing unacceptable failure rates. By deploying efficient diagnostic testing programs, electric utilities can replace or repair circuits that are about to fail, providing an optimal approach to improving electric system reliability. This is an intrinsically complex topic. Underground cable systems are not homogeneous. Cable circuits often contain multiple branches with different cable designs and a range of insulation materials. In addition, each insulation material ages differently as a function of time, temperature and operating environment. To complicate matters further, there are a wide variety of diagnostic technologies available for assessing the condition of cable circuits with a diversity of claims about the effectiveness of each approach. As a result, the benefits of deploying cable diagnostic testing programs have been difficult to establish, leading many utilities to avoid the their use altogether. This project was designed to help address these issues. The information provided is the result of a collaborative effort between Georgia Tech NEETRAC staff, Georgia Tech academic faculty, electric utility industry participants, as well as cable system diagnostic testing service providers and test equipment providers. Report topics include: •How cable systems age and fail, •The various technologies available for detecting potential failure sites, •The advantages and disadvantages of different diagnostic technologies, •Different approaches for utilities to employ cable system diagnostics. The primary deliverables of this project are this report, a Cable Diagnostic Handbook (a subset of this report) and an online

  9. Power and Submarine Cable Systems for the KM3NeT kilometre cube Neutrino Telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Sedita, M; Hallewell, G

    2009-01-01

    The KM3NeT EU-funded consortium, pursuing a cubic kilometre scale neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea, is developing technical solutions for the construction of this challenging project, to be realized several kilometres below the sea level. In this framework a proposed DC/DC power system has been designed, maximizing reliability and minimizing difficulties and expensive underwater activities. The power conversion, delivery, transmission and distribution network will be described with particular attention to: the main electro-optical cable, on shore and deep sea power conversion, the subsea distribution network and connection systems, together with installation and maintenance issues.

  10. Superconductor cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allais, Arnaud; Schmidt, Frank; Marzahn, Erik

    2010-05-04

    A superconductor cable is described, having a superconductive flexible cable core (1) , which is laid in a cryostat (2, 3, 4), in which the cable core (1) runs in the cryostat (2, 3, 4) in the form of a wave or helix at room temperature.

  11. Flat conductor cable commercialization project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogarth, P.; Wadsworth, E.

    1977-01-01

    An undercarpet flat conductor cable and a baseboard flat conductor cable system were studied for commercialization. The undercarpet system is designed for use in office and commercial buildings. It employs a flat power cable, protected by a grounded metal shield, that terminates in receptacles mounted on the floor. It is designed to interface with a flat conductor cable telephone system. The baseboard system consists of a flat power cable mounted in a plastic raceway; both the raceway and the receptacles are mounted on the surface of the baseboard. It is designed primarily for use in residential buildings, particularly for renovation and concrete and masonry construction.

  12. Modelling, Simulation and Testing of a Reconfigurable Cable-Based Parallel Manipulator as Motion Aiding System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianni Castelli

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents results on the modelling, simulation and experimental tests of a cable-based parallel manipulator to be used as an aiding or guiding system for people with motion disabilities. There is a high level of motivation for people with a motion disability or the elderly to perform basic daily-living activities independently. Therefore, it is of great interest to design and implement safe and reliable motion assisting and guiding devices that are able to help end-users. In general, a robot for a medical application should be able to interact with a patient in safety conditions, i.e. it must not damage people or surroundings; it must be designed to guarantee high accuracy and low acceleration during the operation. Furthermore, it should not be too bulky and it should exert limited wrenches after close interaction with people. It can be advisable to have a portable system which can be easily brought into and assembled in a hospital or a domestic environment. Cable-based robotic structures can fulfil those requirements because of their main characteristics that make them light and intrinsically safe. In this paper, a reconfigurable four-cable-based parallel manipulator has been proposed as a motion assisting and guiding device to help people to accomplish a number of tasks, such as an aiding or guiding system to move the upper and lower limbs or the whole body. Modelling and simulation are presented in the ADAMS environment. Moreover, experimental tests are reported as based on an available laboratory prototype.

  13. Final Report: MaRSPlus Sensor System Electrical Cable Management and Distributed Motor Control Computer Interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reil, Robin

    2011-01-01

    The success of JPL's Next Generation Imaging Spectrometer (NGIS) in Earth remote sensing has inspired a follow-on instrument project, the MaRSPlus Sensor System (MSS). One of JPL's responsibilities in the MSS project involves updating the documentation from the previous JPL airborne imagers to provide all the information necessary for an outside customer to operate the instrument independently. As part of this documentation update, I created detailed electrical cabling diagrams to provide JPL technicians with clear and concise build instructions and a database to track the status of cables from order to build to delivery. Simultaneously, a distributed motor control system is being developed for potential use on the proposed 2018 Mars rover mission. This system would significantly reduce the mass necessary for rover motor control, making more mass space available to other important spacecraft systems. The current stage of the project consists of a desktop computer talking to a single "cold box" unit containing the electronics to drive a motor. In order to test the electronics, I developed a graphical user interface (GUI) using MATLAB to allow a user to send simple commands to the cold box and display the responses received in a user-friendly format.

  14. Feasibility Study on Tension Estimation Technique for Hanger Cables Using the FE Model-Based System Identification Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyu-Sik Park

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Hanger cables in suspension bridges are partly constrained by horizontal clamps. So, existing tension estimation methods based on a single cable model are prone to higher errors as the cable gets shorter, making it more sensitive to flexural rigidity. Therefore, inverse analysis and system identification methods based on finite element models are suggested recently. In this paper, the applicability of system identification methods is investigated using the hanger cables of Gwang-An bridge. The test results show that the inverse analysis and systemic identification methods based on finite element models are more reliable than the existing string theory and linear regression method for calculating the tension in terms of natural frequency errors. However, the estimation error of tension can be varied according to the accuracy of finite element model in model based methods. In particular, the boundary conditions affect the results more profoundly when the cable gets shorter. Therefore, it is important to identify the boundary conditions through experiment if it is possible. The FE model-based tension estimation method using system identification method can take various boundary conditions into account. Also, since it is not sensitive to the number of natural frequency inputs, the availability of this system is high.

  15. Development and Improvement of an Intelligent Cable Monitoring System for Underground Distribution Networks Using Distributed Temperature Sensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jintae Cho

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available With power systems switching to smart grids, real-time and on-line monitoring technologies for underground distribution power cables have become a priority. Most distribution components have been developed with self-diagnostic sensors to realize self-healing, one of the smart grid functions in a distribution network. Nonetheless, implementing a real-time and on-line monitoring system for underground distribution cables has been difficult because of high cost and low sensitivity. Nowadays, optical fiber composite power cables (OFCPCs are being considered for communication and power delivery to cope with the increasing communication load in a distribution network. Therefore, the application of distributed temperature sensing (DTS technology on OFCPCs used as underground distribution lines is studied for the real-time and on-line monitoring of the underground distribution power cables. Faults can be reduced and operating ampacity of the underground distribution system can be increased. This paper presents the development and improvement of an intelligent cable monitoring system for the underground distribution power system, using DTS technology and OFCPCs as the underground distribution lines in the field.

  16. Live-Grid Operation and Maintenance of the 35 kV/121 MVA Superconducting Cable System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huan-Huan Li; An-Lin Ren; Ying Xin; Hui Hong; Zhi-Li Chen; Lin-Na Shi

    2008-01-01

    A 33.5 m, 35 kV/121 MVA, three-phase, warm dielectric HTS power cable system was successfully installed and activated in China Southern Power Grid at the Puji substation in Kunming on April 19th of 2004, supplying electricity to four industrial customers (including two metallurgical refineries) and a residential population of about 100000. In this paper, we give an update on the operation and maintenance status of the system and comments on reliability issues. We conclude that the superconducting cable system is currently quite robust and feasible for particular utility applications, and it will be improved by advancement in cryogenic equipment and system technology.

  17. Space Flight Cable Model Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spak, Kaitlin

    2013-01-01

    This work concentrates the modeling efforts presented in last year's VSGC conference paper, "Model Development for Cable-Harnessed Beams." The focus is narrowed to modeling of space-flight cables only, as a reliable damped cable model is not yet readily available and is necessary to continue modeling cable-harnessed space structures. New experimental data is presented, eliminating the low-frequency noise that plagued the first year's efforts. The distributed transfer function method is applied to a single section of space flight cable for Euler-Bernoulli and shear beams. The work presented here will be developed into a damped cable model that can be incorporated into an interconnected beam-cable system. The overall goal of this work is to accurately predict natural frequencies and modal damping ratios for cabled space structures.

  18. High Temperature Superconducting Underground Cable

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farrell, Roger, A.

    2010-02-28

    The purpose of this Project was to design, build, install and demonstrate the technical feasibility of an underground high temperature superconducting (HTS) power cable installed between two utility substations. In the first phase two HTS cables, 320 m and 30 m in length, were constructed using 1st generation BSCCO wire. The two 34.5 kV, 800 Arms, 48 MVA sections were connected together using a superconducting joint in an underground vault. In the second phase the 30 m BSCCO cable was replaced by one constructed with 2nd generation YBCO wire. 2nd generation wire is needed for commercialization because of inherent cost and performance benefits. Primary objectives of the Project were to build and operate an HTS cable system which demonstrates significant progress towards commercial progress and addresses real world utility concerns such as installation, maintenance, reliability and compatibility with the existing grid. Four key technical areas addressed were the HTS cable and terminations (where the cable connects to the grid), cryogenic refrigeration system, underground cable-to-cable joint (needed for replacement of cable sections) and cost-effective 2nd generation HTS wire. This was the world’s first installation and operation of an HTS cable underground, between two utility substations as well as the first to demonstrate a cable-to-cable joint, remote monitoring system and 2nd generation HTS.

  19. Design and construction of a high temperature superconducting power cable cryostat for use in railway system applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The primary objective of the current effort was to design and test a cryostat using a prototype five-meter long high temperature Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy (Bi-2223) superconducting dc power cable for railway systems. To satisfy the safety regulations of the Govt of Japan a mill sheet covered by super-insulation was used inside the walls of the cryostat. The thicknesses of various walls in the cryostat were obtained from a numerical analysis. A non-destructive inspection was utilized to find leaks under vacuum or pressure. The cryostat target temperature range was around 50 K, which is well below liquid nitrogen temperature, the operating temperature of the superconducting cable. The qualification testing was carried out from 77 down to 66 K. When using only the inner sheet wire, the maximum current at 77.3 K was 10 kA. The critical current (Ic) value increased with decreasing temperature and reached 11.79 kA at 73.7 K. This is the largest dc current reported in a Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy or YBa2Cu3Oy (Y-123) superconducting prototype cable so far. These results verify that the developed DC superconducting cable is reliable and fulfils all the requirements necessary for successful use in various power applications including railway systems. The key issues for the design of a reliable cryogenic system for superconducting power cables for railway systems are discussed. (paper)

  20. Telemetry systems on cable tv networks (HFC); Sistema de telemetria sobre redes de TV a cabo (HFC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nowak, Christina [Furukawa Industrial S.A. Produtos Eletricos, Curitiba, PR (Brazil). E-mail: christi@furukawa.com.br

    1999-07-01

    This paper presents a telemetry system on the cable TV (Hybrid Fiber Coaxial network). This system conducts remote electric power using the HFC network as physical way. The telemetry system represents an aggregated value on this type of network. The HFC network is a network prepared for data transport under the concept of a future wide single band network.

  1. Modern Fiber Optic Submarine Cable Telecommunication Systems Planning for Explosive Bandwidth Needs at Different Deployment Depths

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The explosive bandwidth needs, especially in the inter data center market, have pushed transmission data rates to 100 Gbit/sec and beyond. Current terrestrial fibers are inadequate for long haul, high bandwidth deployments. To solve these problems a new fiber is introduced for terrestrial high bandwidth deployments: different polymeric core fibers with enlarged effective area with a significant optical signal to noise ratio improvement over other conventional terrestrial single mode fibers. To ensure the new fiber may be deployed robustly a new coating structure was employed. A rigorous cable structure was then chosen for evaluation. Based on experimental data, both the deep ocean water temperature and pressure are tailored as functions of the water depth. As well as the product of the transmitted bit rate and the repeater spacing is processed over wide ranges of the affecting parameters. It is taken into account the estimation of the total cost of the submarine fiber cable system for transmission technique under considerations. The system capacity as well as the spectral losses, and the dispersion effects are parametrically investigated over wide range ranges of the set of affecting parameters {wavelength, ocean depth (and consequently the ocean pressure and temperature, and the chemical structure}.

  2. Modern Fiber Optic Submarine Cable Telecommunication Systems Planning for Explosive Bandwidth Needs at Different Deployment Depths

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The explosive bandwidth needs, especially in the inter data center market, have pushed transmission data rates to 100 Gbit/sec and beyond. Current terrestrial fibers are inadequate for long haul, high bandwidth deployments. To solve these problems a new fiber is introduced for terrestrial high bandwidth deployments: different polymeric core fibers with enlarged effective area with a significant optical signal to noise ratio improvement over other conventional terrestrial single mode fibers. To ensure the new fiber may be deployed robustly a new coating structure was employed. A rigorous cable structure was then chosen for evaluation. Based on experimental data, both the deep ocean water temperature and pressure are tailored as functions of the water depth. As well as the product of the transmitted bit rate and the repeater spacing is processed over wide ranges of the affecting parameters. It is taken into account the estimation of the total cost of the submarine fiber cable system for transmission technique under considerations. The system capacity as well as the spectral losses, and the dispersion effects are parametrically investigated over wide range ranges of the set of affecting parameters {wavelength, ocean depth (and consequently the ocean pressure and temperature, and the chemical structure}.

  3. Position-Controlled Data Acquisition Embedded System for Magnetic NDE of Bridge Stay Cables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rouven Christen

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This work presents a custom-tailored sensing and data acquisition embedded system, designed to be integrated in a new magnetic NDE inspection device under development at Empa, a device intended for routine testing of large diameter bridge stay cables. The data acquisition (DAQ system fulfills the speed and resolution requirements of the application and is able to continuously capture and store up to 2 GB of data at a sampling rate of 27 kS/s, with 12-bit resolution. This paper describes the DAQ system in detail, including both hardware and software implementation, as well as the key design challenges nd the techniques employed to meet the specifications. Experimental results showing the performance of the system are also presented.

  4. Cable-truss supporting system for gob-side entry driving in deep mine and its application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yin Qian; Jing Hongwen; Dai Dapeng; Zhu Tantan; Zhao Honghui; Meng Bo

    2016-01-01

    In order to solve the large deformation controlling problem for surrounding rock of gob-side entry driving under common cable anchor support in deep mine, site survey, physical modeling experiment, numerical simulation and field measurement were synthetically used to analyze the deformation and failure char-acteristics of surrounding rock. Besides, applicability analysis, prestress field distribution characteristics of surrounding rock and the control effect on large deformation of surrounding rock were also further studied for the gob-side entry driving in deep mine using the cable-truss supporting system. The results show that, first, compared with no support and traditional bolt anchor support, roof cable-truss system can effectively restrain the initiation and propagation of tensile cracks in the roof surrounding rock and arc shear cracks in the two sides, moreover, the broken development of surrounding rock, roof separation and extrusion deformation between the two sides of the roadway are all controlled;second, a prestressed belt of trapezoidal shape is generated in the surrounding rock by the cable-truss supporting system, and the prestress field range is wide. Especially, the prestress concentration belt in the shallow surrounding rock can greatly improve the anchoring strength and deformation resisting capability of the rock stratum;third, an optimized support system of‘roof and side anchor net beam, roof cable-truss supporting system and anchor cable of the narrow coal pillar” was put forward, and the support optimization design and field industrial test were conducted for the gob-side entry driving of the working face 5302 in Tangkou Mine, from which a good supporting effect was obtained.

  5. Cable Television: Citizen Participation in Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Robert K.

    The historical background of citizen participation in local affairs and its relevance at the onset of community concern about cable television are briefly discussed in this report. The participation of citizens, municipal officials, and cable operators in laying the groundwork for a cable system as well as the pros and cons of cable television as…

  6. 14 CFR 27.1365 - Electric cables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Electric cables. 27.1365 Section 27.1365... STANDARDS: NORMAL CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Electrical Systems and Equipment § 27.1365 Electric cables. (a) Each electric connecting cable must be of adequate capacity. (b) Each cable that would...

  7. Hybrid networking sensing system for structural health monitoring of a concrete cable-stayed bridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torbol, Marco; Kim, Sehwan; Chien, Ting-Chou; Shinozuka, Masanobu

    2013-04-01

    The purpose of this study is the remote structural health monitoring to identify the torsional natural frequencies and mode shapes of a concrete cable-stayed bridge using a hybrid networking sensing system. The system consists of one data aggregation unit, which is daisy-chained to one or more sensing nodes. A wireless interface is used between the data aggregation units, whereas a wired interface is used between a data aggregation unit and the sensing nodes. Each sensing node is equipped with high-precision MEMS accelerometers with adjustable sampling frequency from 0.2 Hz to 1.2 kHz. The entire system was installed inside the reinforced concrete box-girder deck of Hwamyung Bridge, which is a cable stayed bridge in Busan, South Korea, to protect the system from the harsh environmental conditions. This deployment makes wireless communication a challenge due to the signal losses and the high levels of attenuation. To address these issues, the concept of hybrid networking system is introduced with the efficient local power distribution technique. The theoretical communication range of Wi-Fi is 100m. However, inside the concrete girder, the peer to peer wireless communication cannot exceed about 20m. The distance is further reduced by the line of sight between the antennas. However, the wired daisy-chained connection between sensing nodes is useful because the data aggregation unit can be placed in the optimal location for transmission. To overcome the limitation of the wireless communication range, we adopt a high-gain antenna that extends the wireless communication distance to 50m. Additional help is given by the multi-hopping data communication protocol. The 4G modem, which allows remote access to the system, is the only component exposed to the external environment.

  8. Design, Observing and Data Systems, and Final Installation of the NEPTUNE Canada Regional Cabled Ocean Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, C. R.; Best, M. M.; Johnson, F. R.; Phibbs, P.; Pirenne, B.

    2009-05-01

    /climate dynamics, including acidification and nutrient fluxes; deep-sea ecosystems dynamics; and engineering and computer science research. NC's software system interfaces between users and cabled observatory and responds to a three-fold mandate: acquire data from various instruments/sensors underwater; provide lifetime storage and redistribution capabilities for all data; and allow authorized users to remotely and interactively control experiments. Data Management and Archiving System (DMAS) is being developed in-house, with adoption of Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) and using Web Services to expose the functionality of DMAS' various components. An internal messaging bus allows various functional components to interact through the publish and subscribe paradigm, using Java programming language. DMAS is developing a modern environment for users: data access, data processing and experimentation control within a Web 2.0 environment. This will allow users, on top of data and instrumentation access, to perform data visualization and analysis on-line with either default or custom processing code, as well as simultaneously interacting with each other. These social networking aspects will be within NC's new Oceans 2.0 environment. The observatory is designed to be expandable in its footprint, nodes and instruments and provides a magnificent facility for testing prototypes of new technologies monitored and demonstrated in real-time. NC and ONC invite new scientific and industrial participation, experiments, instrumentation and data services.

  9. Parametric Vibration and Vibration Reduction of Cables in Cable-stayed Space Latticed Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAO Yan; ZHOU Dai; LIU Jie

    2008-01-01

    Mechanical model and vibration equation of a cable in cable-stayed sparse latticed structure (CSLS) under external axial excitation were founded. Determination of the mass lumps and natural frequencies supplied by the space latticed structure (SLS) was analyzed. Multiple scales method (MSM) was introduced to analyze the characteristics of cable's parametric vibration, and the precise time-integration method (PTIM) was used to solve vibration equation. The vibration behavior of a cable is closely relative to the frequency ratio of the cable and SLS. The cable's parametric vibration caused by the external axial excitation easily occurs if the frequency ratio of the cable and SLS is in a certain range, and the cable's vibration amplitude varies greatly even if the initial disturbance supplied by SLS changes a little. Furthermore, the mechanical model and vibration equation of the composite cable system consisting of main cables and assistant cables were studied. The parametric analysis such as the pre-tension level and arrangement of the assistant cables was carried out. Due to the assistant cables, the single-cable vibration mode can be transferred to the global vibration mode, and the stiffness and damping of the cable system are enhanced. The natural frequencies of the composite cable system with the curve line arrangement of assistant cables are higher than those with the straight-line arrangement and the former is more effective than the latter on the cable's vibration suppression.

  10. Full-scale measurements and system identification on Sutong cable-stayed bridge during Typhoon Fung-Wong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hao; Tao, Tianyou; Guo, Tong; Li, Jian; Li, Aiqun

    2014-01-01

    The structural health monitoring system (SHMS) provides an effective tool to conduct full-scale measurements on existing bridges for essential research on bridge wind engineering. In July 2008, Typhoon Fung-Wong lashed China and hit Sutong cable-stayed bridge (SCB) in China. During typhoon period, full-scale measurements were conducted to record the wind data and the structural vibration responses were collected by the SHMS installed on SCB. Based on the statistical method and the spectral analysis technique, the measured data are analyzed to obtain the typical parameters and characteristics. Furthermore, this paper analyzed the measured structural vibration responses and indicated the vibration characteristics of the stay cable and the deck, the relationship between structural vibrations and wind speed, the comparison of upstream and downstream cable vibrations, the effectiveness of cable dampers, and so forth. Considering the significance of damping ratio in vibration mitigation, the modal damping ratios of the SCB are identified based on the Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) combined with the random decrement technique (RDT). The analysis results can be used to validate the current dynamic characteristic analysis methods, buffeting calculation methods, and wind tunnel test results of the long-span cable-stayed bridges.

  11. Full-Scale Measurements and System Identification on Sutong Cable-Stayed Bridge during Typhoon Fung-Wong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The structural health monitoring system (SHMS provides an effective tool to conduct full-scale measurements on existing bridges for essential research on bridge wind engineering. In July 2008, Typhoon Fung-Wong lashed China and hit Sutong cable-stayed bridge (SCB in China. During typhoon period, full-scale measurements were conducted to record the wind data and the structural vibration responses were collected by the SHMS installed on SCB. Based on the statistical method and the spectral analysis technique, the measured data are analyzed to obtain the typical parameters and characteristics. Furthermore, this paper analyzed the measured structural vibration responses and indicated the vibration characteristics of the stay cable and the deck, the relationship between structural vibrations and wind speed, the comparison of upstream and downstream cable vibrations, the effectiveness of cable dampers, and so forth. Considering the significance of damping ratio in vibration mitigation, the modal damping ratios of the SCB are identified based on the Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT combined with the random decrement technique (RDT. The analysis results can be used to validate the current dynamic characteristic analysis methods, buffeting calculation methods, and wind tunnel test results of the long-span cable-stayed bridges.

  12. High Voltage AC underground cable systems for power transmission - a review of the Danish experience, part 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Claus Leth; Silva, Filipe Miguel Faria da

    2016-01-01

    researching electrical engineering topics related to using underground cables for power transmission at EHV level and including the 420 kV level. The research topics were laid down by ET/AAU and Energinet.dk in the DANPAC (DANish Power systems with AC Cables) research project. The main topics are discussed......This paper is a first of two presenting a review of research results in underground cable transmission obtained by the Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University ET/AAU and Danish TSO Energinet.dk within the last 6 years. The main core of the results are obtained by PhD students...... on the basis of 39 references published by ET/AAU and Energinet.dk. Part I of the paper explains the events that lead to the research project, reactive power compensation, modelling for transient studies, including field measurements and improvements to the existing models, and temporary overvoltages due...

  13. New Compact Ocean Bottom Cabled Seismic and Tsunami Observation System Using ICT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinohara, M.; Yamada, T.; Sakai, S.; Shiobara, H.; Kanazawa, T.

    2013-12-01

    The Pacific plate is subducting below the northeastern Japan islands arc. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake occurred at the plate boundary between the Pacific plate and the landward plate below landward slope of the Japan Trench. In 1996, Earthquake Research Institute (ERI), University of Tokyo had installed seismic and tsunami observation system using seafloor optical fiber in the off-Sanriku area. The continuous real-time observation has been carried out since the installation. The system observed seismic waves and tsunamis generated by the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, and the data from the system are indispensable to estimate accurate position of the source faults and the source process of the 2011 event. However, the landing station of the system was damaged by huge tsunami 30 minutes after the mainshock, and the observation is discontinued. Because the data from the real-time system on seafloor are important, we decide to restore the existing system and install newly developed Ocean Bottom Cabled Seismic and Tsunami (OBCST) observation system off Sanriku for additional observation and/or replacement of the existing system. In this paper, we present a system of the new OBCST in detail, and installation plan. Until 2010, we had already developed and installed the new compact Ocean Bottom Cabled Seismometer (OBCS) system near Awashima-island in the Japan Sea. After the installation, the OBCS system is being operated continuously and we have continuous seismic data for approximately 3 years at the present. The new OBCST system for off-Sanriku area is based on this system, and is characterized by system reliability using TCP/IP technology and down-sizing of an observation node using up-to-date electronics. The new OBCST has three accelerometers as seismic sensors. Signals from accelerometers are 24-bit digitized with a sampling rate of 1 kHz and sent to a landing station using standard TCP/IP data transmission. A precise pressure gauge is also equipped as a tsunami sensor. The

  14. Design and Tests of A Cable Detection Laser Imaging Radar System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Wei-ran; YUAN Jin

    2005-01-01

    Rotorcraft in low-level flight is endangered by power lines or telephone wires. The development of automation tools that can detect obstacles in the flight path and warn the crew would significantly reduce pilot workload and increase safety. Therefore, a cable detection radar system is developed. The real-time dynamic imaging synchronizing with radar space scanning has been implemented in developed ladar system. The requirements of the flight mission to prevent "wire strike"are analyzed and estimated, the advantages and disadvantages of the millimeter wave system with the laser system are weighted. The result shows that Laser system is the best suited for helicopter avoidance obstacle. In addition, several design gist of detecting wire radar that was used in the developed ladar system is proposed and the developed zero backlash imaging technology and several advanced warning function are described. The detailed results of system ground tests and the performances description are presented. The ground test of the developed ladar system has demonstrated that the developed imaging ladar system performance can achieve and satisfy the requirements of the mission to prevent "wire strike".

  15. Design of a cryogenic system for a 20m direct current superconducting MgB2 and YBCO power cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheadle, Michael J.; Bromberg, Leslie; Jiang, Xiaohua; Glowacki, Bartek; Zeng, Rong; Minervini, Joseph; Brisson, John

    2014-01-01

    The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, and Tsinghua University in Beijing, China, are collaborating to design, construct, and test a 20 m, direct current, superconducting MgB2 and YBCO power cable. The cable will be installed in the State Key Laboratory of Power Systems at Tsinghua University in Beijing beginning in 2013. In a previous paper [1], the cryogenic system was briefly discussed, focusing on the cryogenic issues for the superconducting cable. The current paper provides a detailed discussion of the design, construction, and assembly of the cryogenic system and its components. The two-stage system operates at nominally 80 K and 20 K with the primary cryogen being helium gas. The secondary cryogen, liquid nitrogen, is used to cool the warm stage of binary current leads. The helium gas provides cooling to both warm and cold stages of the rigid cryostat housing the MgB2 and YBCO conductors, as well as the terminations of the superconductors at the end of the current leads. A single cryofan drives the helium gas in both stages, which are thermally isolated with a high effectiveness recuperator. Refrigeration for the helium circuit is provided by a Sumitomo RDK415 cryocooler. This paper focuses on the design, construction, and assembly of the cryostat, the recuperator, and the current leads with associated superconducting cable terminations.

  16. Expanding the Use of Commercial and Noncommercial Broadcast Programming on Cable Television Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Leland L.

    Consistent with the objectives of previous research investigating ways of increasing the range of program choice to television viewers, this study explores the possibilities of taping the original cable broadcast of programs from local commercial and noncommercial stations and repeating them on otherwise empty cable channels at times that would…

  17. 77 FR 67290 - Basic Service Tier Encryption Compatibility Between Cable Systems and Consumer Electronics Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-09

    ... their cable service activated and deactivated from a remote location. By allowing remote activation and... continue viewing the channels on this tier. To give those consumers time to resolve the incompatibility... also found that remote activation and deactivation of cable service would ``reduce costs...

  18. Infiniband Based Cable Comparison

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Minich, Makia [ORNL

    2007-07-01

    As Infiniband continues to be more broadly adopted in High Performance Computing (HPC) and datacenter applications, one major challenge still plagues implementation: cabling. With the transition to DDR (double data rate) from SDR (single datarate), currently available Infiniband implementations such as standard CX4/IB4x style copper cables severely constrain system design (10m maximum length for DDR copper cables, thermal management due to poor airflow, etc.). This paper will examine some of the options available and compare performance with the newly released Intel Connects Cables. In addition, we will take a glance at Intel's dual-core and quad-core systems to see if core counts have noticeable effect on expected IO patterns.

  19. Modelling of long High Voltage AC Cables in the Transmission System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudmundsdottir, Unnur Stella

    calculations transformed to the time domain by use of Inverse Fast Fourier Transform (IFFT). This however, does not ensure the accuracy of the entry parameters of the modelling procedure, the parameter conversion and the modelling assumptions. Therefore, in order to analyse how cables behave field tests...... and simulations appears after some time and by modal analysis it is possible to identify the source of deviation. Based on this analysis it is suggested that the existing simulation model, is precise and accurate for short cables or cables with no crossbonding points. In order to verify this, field measurements...... and field measurement results. This is because of intersheath mode reflecting from the crossbonding points. The second main part of the work deals with improving the cable model based on the findings from analysis of the field measurements. The existing EMT-based models have the configuration for cables...

  20. SC Power leads and cables - Nominal Current Test Performance of 2 kA-Class High-Tc Superconducting Cable Conductors and Its Implications for Cooling Systems for Utility Cables

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willen, D. W. A; Daumling, M.; Rasmussen, C. N.;

    2000-01-01

    The current carrying performance of 3-10 m long superconducting cable conductor models has been evaluated. A reduced energy loss compared to conventional cables can be obtained using high-Tc superconducting materials due to the limited resistive and ac hysteresis losses in some conductor...

  1. Development of a guiding system and visual feedback real-time controller for the high-speed self-align optical cable winding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently, the demand for the optical cable has been rapidly growing because of the increasing number of internet users and the high speed internet data transmission required. But the present optical cable winding systems have some serious problems such as pile-up and collapse of cables usually near the flange of the bobbin in the process of cables winding. To reduce the pile-up collapse in cable winding systems, a new guiding system is developed for a high-speed self-align cable winding. First, mathematical models for the winding process and bobbin shape fault compensation were proposed, the winding mechanism was analyzed and synchronization logics for the motions of winding, traversing, and the guiding were created. A prototype cable winding systems was manufactured to validate the new guiding system and the suggested logic. Experiment results showed that the winding system with the developed guiding system outperformed the system without the guiding system in reducing pile-up and collapse in high-speed winding

  2. Cable tensiometer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, B.V

    1989-05-30

    This patent describes a weight beam for measuring load on a cable. The weight beam consists of: a beam body; load cell means mounted on the beam body, the load cell means being spaced a predetermined distance from the beam body; clamp means connected to the load cell means and adapted to grip a cable whose tension is to be measured; and adjusting means connected to the load cell to deflect the cable and put the load cell under a tension load, the clamp means and the adjusting means being structurally distinct.

  3. Robotic Arm Biobarrier Cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    This image, taken by the Surface Stereo Imager on NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander on the 14th Martian day of the mission (June 7, 2008), shows the cable that held the Robotic Arm's biobarrier in place during flight has snapped. The cable's springs retracted to release the biobarrier right after landing. To the lower right of the image a spring is visible. Extending from that spring is a length of cable that snapped during the biobarrier's release. A second spring separated from the cable when it snapped and has been photographed on the ground under the lander near one of the legs. The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

  4. Design of an All-dielectric Self-supporting Cable System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    George G. Karady; Kumaraguru Prabakar

    2011-01-01

    All-dielectric self-supporting (ADSS) cables are installed along with transmission line for the purpose of communication. During installation the outer layer of the cable is hydrophobic and is not prone to dry band arcing. These cables become less hydrophobic over time and become vulnerable to dry band arcing. This loss in hydrophobici- ty is because of the contamination formed on the outer layer due to pollution. This is one of the reasons which cause cable failure. Considerable amount of losses will be incurred on the occurrence of a cable failure as the cables are also leased to other companies. An improved equivalent circuit is used to calculate the voltage and current distribution of the double circuit line. A three-phase single circuit line and a three-phase double circuit line are used to calculate their corresponding voltage distribution and current distribution. The results could be used to predict dry band arcing on similar models. The method used considers sag, span and pollution on ADSS cable.

  5. Assessment on the Monitoring System for KURT using Optical Fiber Sensor Cable

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Kyung Su; Bae, Dae Seok; Koh, Yong Kwon [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jung Yul [Soam Consultant Co., Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    Optical fiber cable, as a sensor, was installed on the wall of KAERI(Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) Underground Research Tunnel(KURT) in order to monitor the physical stability of the tunnel, which was constructed for technical development and demonstration of radioactive waste disposal. This monitoring system has two simultaneous measurements of temperature and strain over time using Brillouin backscatter. According to the results of the monitoring from Jan. 2008 to Nov. 2009, there is no significant displacement or movement at the tunnel wall However, the cumulative volume of total strain increased slightly as time passes with the comparison of the reference observation, which was measured in Jan. 2008. The change in cumulative volume of total strain indicates that the strain level had been affected by saturation and de-saturation phenomena due to groundwater fluctuation at several points at KURT. This system is based on the distributed sensing technique concept, not point sensing. By using this system, a displacement can be detected with the range from 20 {mu}{epsilon} to 28,000 {mu}{epsilon} every 1m interval in minimum. A temperature variation can be monitored at every 0.5m interval with the resolution of 0.01 in minimum. Based on the study, this monitoring system is potentially applicable to long term monitoring systems for radioactive waste disposal project as well as other structures and underground openings.

  6. Flat conductor cable design, manufacture, and installation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angele, W.; Hankins, J. D.

    1973-01-01

    Pertinent information for hardware selection, design, manufacture, and quality control necessary for flat conductor cable interconnecting harness application is presented. Comparisons are made between round wire cable and flat conductor cable. The flat conductor cable interconnecting harness systems show major cost, weight, and space savings, plus increased system performance and reliability. The design application section includes electrical characteristics, harness design and development, and a full treatise on EMC considerations. Manufacturing and quality control sections pertain primarily to the developed conductor-contact connector system and special flat conductor cable to round wire cable transitions.

  7. The design and fabrication of a reverse Brayton cycle cryocooler system for the high temperature superconductivity cable cooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jae Hong; Kwon, Yong Ha; Kim, Young Soo

    2005-01-01

    A high temperature superconductivity cable must be cooled below the nitrogen liquefaction temperature to apply the cable to power generation and transmission systems under superconducting state. To maintain the superconducting state, a reliable cryocooler system is also required. The design and fabrication of a cryocooler system have been performed with a reverse Brayton cycle using neon gas as a refrigerant. The system consists of a compressor, a recuperator, a cold-box, and control valves. The design of the system is made to have 1 kW cooling capacity. The heat loss through multilayer insulators is calculated. Conduction heat loss is about 7 W through valves and access ports and radiation heat loss is about 18 W on the surface of a cryocooler. The design factors are discussed in detail.

  8. Superconductor cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allais, Arnaud; Schmidt, Frank (Langenhagen, DE

    2009-12-15

    A superconductor cable includes a superconductive cable core (1) and a cryostat (2) enclosing the same. The cable core (1) has a superconductive conductor (3), an insulation (4) surrounding the same and a shielding (5) surrounding the insulation (4). A layer (3b) of a dielectric or semiconducting material is applied to a central element (3a) formed from a normally conducting material as a strand or tube and a layer (3c) of at least one wire or strip of superconductive material is placed helically on top. The central element (3a) and the layer (3c) are connected to each other in an electrically conducting manner at the ends of the cable core (1).

  9. Cable manufacture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamble, P.

    1972-01-01

    A survey is presented of flat electrical cable manufacturing, with particular reference to patented processes. The economics of manufacture based on an analysis of material and operating costs is considered for the various methods. Attention is given to the competitive advantages of the several processes and their resulting products. The historical area of flat cable manufacture is presented to give a frame of reference for the survey.

  10. Cable networks, services, and management

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    Cable Networks, Services, and Management is the first book to cover cable networks, services, and their management, in-depth, for network operators, engineers, researchers, and students. Thirteen experts in various fields have contributed their knowledge of network architectures and services, Operations, Administration, Maintenance, Provisioning, Troubleshooting (OAMPT) for residential and business services, cloud, Software Defined Networks (SDN), as well as virtualization concepts and their applications as part of the future directions of cable networks. The book begins by introducing architecture and services for Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification (DOCSIS) 3.0/ 3.1, Converged Cable Access Platform (CCAP), Content Distribution Networks (CDN, IP TV, and Packet Cable and Wi-Fi for Residential Services. Topics that are discussed in proceeding chapters include: operational systems and management architectures, service orders, provisioning, fault manageme t, performance management, billing systems a...

  11. Lightweight Metal Rubber Wire and Cable for Space Power Systems Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The objective of this NASA STTR program is to produce ultra-lightweight electrical wire and cable harnesses to reduce the liftoff weight of future space flight...

  12. A project plan for construction and cabling of picture archiving and communication system network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗敏; 王小林; 罗松; 雷文勇; 王学健; 温洪宇; 吴红星

    2003-01-01

    Objective To determine a network solution to meet the network requirements of the heavy data flow, load balance, and potential network storms from expansion of picture archiving and communication system (PACS) application.Methods Intel Netstructure 480T Giga Switch was used as the main switch and connected to each building by fiber channel at 1 Giga speed to archive 100 MB/s to each port. At the same time, the in-dependence of the original network construction was physically kept. The layer 3 and 4 switchers were used as load balance to reduce the heavy load of the network, and all the cabling for PACS used the super CAT5 along with the Intel NetStructure 1520 to prepare for potential network storms.Results An advanced intranet was set up to fully meet the high standard requirement of the PACS. The foundation for upgrading the whole network system to 1 Giga application was built to achieve sharing and transmission of images, information, and patient data within the hospital. The base was established for the standardized management of the hospital.Conclusion Good planning is the first step in setting up PACS, and the equipment from the necessary platform to run PACS and all kinds of hospital information system (HIS). The networking construction is the foundation of e-hospital.

  13. Line Differential Protection Scheme Modelling for Underground 420 kV Cable Systems:EMTDC/PSCAD Relays Modelling

    OpenAIRE

    Sztykiel, Michal; Bak, Claus Leth; Wiechowski, Wojciech; Dollerup, Sebastian

    2010-01-01

    Based on the analysis of a specific relay model and an HVAC (High Voltage Alternating Current) cable system, a new approach to EMTDC/PSCAD modelling of protective relays is presented. Such approach allows to create complex and accurate relay models derived from the original algorithms. Relay models can be applied with various systems, allowing to obtain the most optimal configuration of the protective relaying. The present paper describes modelling methodology on the basis of Siemens SIPROTEC...

  14. Dynamic testing of cable structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caetano Elsa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the role of dynamic testing in the study of cable structures. In this context, the identification of cable force based on vibration measurements is discussed. Vibration and damping assessment are then introduced as the focus of dynamic monitoring systems, and particular aspects of the structural behaviour under environmental loads are analysed. Diverse application results are presented to support the discussion centred on cable-stayed bridges, roof structures, a guyed mast and a transmission line.

  15. Line Differential Protection Scheme Modelling for Underground 420 kV Cable Systems, EMTDC/PSCAD Relays Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Claus Leth; Sztykiel, Michal; Dollerup, Sebastian

    2011-01-01

    Based on the analysis of a specific relay model and an HVAC (High Voltage Alternating Current) cable system, a new approach to EMTDC/PSCAD modelling of protective relays is presented. Such approach allows creating complex and accurate relay models derived from the original algorithms. Relay model......-simulated and real world generated current signals connected to the relay.......Based on the analysis of a specific relay model and an HVAC (High Voltage Alternating Current) cable system, a new approach to EMTDC/PSCAD modelling of protective relays is presented. Such approach allows creating complex and accurate relay models derived from the original algorithms. Relay models...... can be applied with various systems, allowing obtaining the most optimal configuration of the protective relaying. The present paper describes modelling methodology on the basis of Siemens SIPROTEC 4 7SD522/610. Relay model was verified experimentally with its real equivalent by both EMTP...

  16. STATIC ANALYSIS OF CABLE STRUCTURE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Yan; LAN Wei-ren

    2006-01-01

    Based on the nonlinear geometric relation between strain and displacement for flexible cable, the equilibrium equation under self-weight and influence of temperature was established and an analytical solution of displacement and tension distribution defined in Eulerian coordinate system was accurately obtained. The nonlinear algebraic equations caused by cable structure were solved directly using the modified Powell hybrid algorithm with high precision routine DNEQNE of Fortran. For example, a cable structure consisting of three cables jointly supported by a vertical spring and all the other ends fixed was calculated and compared with various methods by other scholars.

  17. Numerical simulation of heat dissipation processes in underground power cable system situated in thermal backfill and buried in a multilayered soil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A practical thermal analysis of underground power cable system. • The geological measurements were performed for cable line placement location. • Dry zone formation effect included in soil and FTB thermal conductivity formula. • A simplified FEM model of underground power cable system. • The computational numerical code validation with ANSYS. - Abstract: This paper presents the thermal analysis of the underground transmission line, planned to be installed in one of the Polish power plants. The computations are performed by using the Finite Element Method (FEM) code, developed by the authors. The paper considers a system of three power cables arranged in flat (in-line) formation. The cable line is buried in the multilayered soil. The soil layers characteristic and thermal properties are determined from geological measurements. Different conditions of cable bedding are analyzed including power cables placement in the FTB or direct burial in a mother ground. The cable line burial depth, measured from the ground level, varies from 1 m to 2.5 m. Additionally, to include the effect of dry zones formation on the temperature distribution in cable line and surroundings, soil and FTB thermal conductivities are considered as a temperature-dependent. The proposed approach for determining the temperature-dependent thermal conductivity of soil layers is discussed in detail. The FEM simulation results are also compared with the results of the simulation that consider soil layers as homogeneous materials. Therefore, thermal conductivity is assumed to be constant for each layer. The results obtained by using the FEM code, developed by the authors, are compared with the results of ANSYS simulations, and a good agreement was found

  18. Outages of electric power supply resulting from cable failures Boston Edison Company system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-07-01

    Factual data are provided regarding 5 electric power supply interruptions that occurred in the Boston Metropolitan area during April to June, 1979. Common to all of these outages was the failure of an underground cable as the initiating event, followed by multiple equipment failures. There was significant variation in the voltage ratings and types of cables which failed. The investigation was unable to delineate a single specific Boston Edison design operating or maintenance practice that could be cited as the cause of the outages. After reviewing the investigative report the following actions were recommended: the development and implementation of a plan to eliminate the direct current cable network; develop a network outage restoration plan; regroup primary feeder cables wherever possible to minimize the number of circuits in manholes, and to separate feeders to high load density areas; develop a program to detect incipient cable faults; evaluate the separation of the north and south sections of Back Bay network into separate networks; and, as a minimum, install the necessary facilities to make it possible to re-energize one section without interfering with the other; and re-evaluate the cathodic protection scheme where necessary. (LCL)

  19. An experimental investigation of the equilibrium and stability of long towed cable systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obligado, Martin; Bourgoin, Mickaël

    2013-04-01

    The dynamics of towed objects in a fluid environment is of interest for many practical situations. We investigate experimentally the equilibrium and stability of the trajectory of a sphere towed at constant velocity at the tip of a cable with an unprecedented large length-to-diameter aspect ratio, exceeding 104. The towing configuration is artificially obtained by considering a steady cable (with one fixed end and a free end to which a sphere is eventually attached) in a low-turbulence wind tunnel. We consider three different configurations: (i) the cable towed by itself; (ii) a light millimetric towed sphere made of expanded polystyrene; and (iii) a denser millimetric towed sphere made of lead. The trajectory of the cable tip is monitored using high-speed Lagrangian tracking, which allows one to characterize the average position and the dynamical fluctuations of the towed object. We show that the mean equilibrium position is well predicted by a simple model including the aerodynamical forces acting along the cable and on the towed sphere (when present). Concerning stability issues, we find that the heavy lead particle is always towed in stable conditions (within the accessible range of velocities) with only very low energy oscillations related to a weak pendulum-like motion. In contrast, the free end and light sphere cases are shown to become unstable when the towing velocity exceeds a certain threshold. Spectral analysis shows a flutter-type instability for the sphere, with a dominant oscillatory motion, while the cable alone develops a divergence-type instability with random fluctuations.

  20. An experimental investigation of the equilibrium and stability of long towed cable systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The dynamics of towed objects in a fluid environment is of interest for many practical situations. We investigate experimentally the equilibrium and stability of the trajectory of a sphere towed at constant velocity at the tip of a cable with an unprecedented large length-to-diameter aspect ratio, exceeding 104. The towing configuration is artificially obtained by considering a steady cable (with one fixed end and a free end to which a sphere is eventually attached) in a low-turbulence wind tunnel. We consider three different configurations: (i) the cable towed by itself; (ii) a light millimetric towed sphere made of expanded polystyrene; and (iii) a denser millimetric towed sphere made of lead. The trajectory of the cable tip is monitored using high-speed Lagrangian tracking, which allows one to characterize the average position and the dynamical fluctuations of the towed object. We show that the mean equilibrium position is well predicted by a simple model including the aerodynamical forces acting along the cable and on the towed sphere (when present). Concerning stability issues, we find that the heavy lead particle is always towed in stable conditions (within the accessible range of velocities) with only very low energy oscillations related to a weak pendulum-like motion. In contrast, the free end and light sphere cases are shown to become unstable when the towing velocity exceeds a certain threshold. Spectral analysis shows a flutter-type instability for the sphere, with a dominant oscillatory motion, while the cable alone develops a divergence-type instability with random fluctuations. (paper)

  1. Cable Stability

    CERN Document Server

    Bottura, L

    2014-01-01

    Superconductor stability is at the core of the design of any successful cable and magnet application. This chapter reviews the initial understanding of the stability mechanism, and reviews matters of importance for stability such as the nature and magnitude of the perturbation spectrum and the cooling mechanisms. Various stability strategies are studied, providing criteria that depend on the desired design and operating conditions.

  2. Using Cable Television for Library Data Transmission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitaker, Douglas A.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses information gained from a test of cable data circuits on a Geac bibliographic control system at the Wayne Oakland Library Federation (WOLF) (Michigan). Highlights include an introduction to cable, hardware profile, the WOLF experience, and key questions that will affect the future use of cable for data transmission. (EJS)

  3. Long-term monitoring of a cable stayed bridge using a SCADA system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torbol, Marco; Kim, Sehwan; Shinozuka, Masanobu

    2012-04-01

    DuraMote is a MEMS-based remote sensing system, which is developed for the NIST TIP project, Next Generation SCADA for Prevention and Mitigation of Water System Infrastructure Disaster. It is designed for supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) of pipe ruptures in water distribution systems. In this project, a method is developed to detect the pipe ruptures by analyzing the acceleration data gathered by DuraMote which consists of two primary components; the first, "Gopher" contains the accelerometers and are attached to the water pipe surface noninvasively, and the second, "Roocas" is placed above ground supplying the power to, and retrieving the data from the multiple Gophers, and then transmit the data through Wi-Fi to a base station. The relays support the Wi-Fi network to facilitate the transmission. A large scale bridge provides an ideal test-bet to validate the performance of such a complex monitoring system as DuraMote for its accuracy, reliability, robustness, and user friendliness. This is because a large bridge is most of the time subjected to susceptible level of ambient vibration due to passing loads, wind, etc. DuraMote can record the acceleration time history arising from the vibration making it possible to estimate the frequency values of various bridge vibration modes. These estimated frequency values are then compared with the values computed from analytical model of the bridge for the verification of the accuracy of DuraMote. It is noted that such a verification method cannot be used practically by deploying DuraMote on a water distribution network since the dynamic behavior of a pipe network, either above or underground, is too complex to model analytically for this purpose, and in addition, the network generally lacks conveniently recordable ambient vibration. In this experiment, the performance of DuraMote system was tested being installed on the Hwamyung Bridge, a 500 m long RC cable stayed bridge in Korea for long term monitoring. In

  4. Calculation and measurement of space charge in MV-size xxtruded cables systems under load conditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Morshuis, P.H.F.; Bodega, R.; Fabiani, D.; Montanari, G.C.; Dissado, L.A; Smit, J.J.

    2007-01-01

    A load current in dc high voltage cables results in a temperature drop across the insulation and hence a radial distribution of the insulation conductivity is found. Direct consequence is an accumulation of space charge in the bulk of the nsulation, that may significantly affect its reliability. Thi

  5. 47 CFR 15.115 - TV interface devices, including cable system terminal devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... provided, the types of wires or coaxial cables necessary to ensure that the unit complies with the... source and other component devices shall be submitted on a single application (FCC Form 731) and shall be... unit, shall not attenuate the input signal more than 6 dB from 54 MHz to 550 MHz, or more than 8...

  6. Study on the effects of cable sliding motion on the seismic response of cable tray

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In various industrial plants such as thermal power plants, nuclear power plants or chemical plants, many cable trays are generally used for supporting cables by which control signals will be transmitted. Cable trays are generally made by thin steel plates both sides of which are folded in the vertical direction, while cables are simply placed on the tray. Thus, cables begin to slides when the response acceleration of trays exceeds some amount of value. Consequently, seismic responses of cable tray will also depend on the occurrence of sliding motion of cables. Therefore, cable trays are seen as highly nonlinear structural systems. In this study, seismic responses of the cable tray are investigated analytically considering the cable sliding motions. A cable tray is modeled by a two-degree-of-freedom system. Response acceleration and displacement of the tray and the cable are evaluated for seismic inputs. It is confirmed that the sliding motion of the cable has very large influences on the seismic responses of the cable tray. (author)

  7. Nonlinear Analysis of Cable Vibration of a Multispan Cable-Stayed Bridge under Transverse Excitation

    OpenAIRE

    Kun Lin; Dujian Zou; Minghai Wei

    2014-01-01

    The nonlinear vibrations of cable in a multispan cable-stayed bridge subjected to transverse excitation are investigated. The MECS (multielements cable system) model, where multielements per cable stay are used, is built up and used to analyze the model properties of the multispan cable-stayed bridges. Then, a simplified two-degrees-of-freedom (2-DOFs) model, where the tower or the deck is reduced to a beam, is proposed to analyze the nonlinear dynamic behaviors of the beam and cable. The res...

  8. Submerged Medium Voltage Cable Systems at Nuclear Power Plants. A Review of Research Efforts Relevant to Aging Mechanisms and Condition Monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, Jason [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Bernstein, Robert [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); White, II, Gregory Von [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Glover, Steven F. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Neely, Jason C. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Pena, Gary [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Williamson, Kenneth Martin [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Zutavern, Fred J. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gelbard, Fred [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2015-03-01

    and industrial literature was performed to identify : 1) findings regarding the degradation mechanisms of submerged cabling and 2) condition monitoring methods that may prove useful in predict ing the remaining lifetime of submerged medium voltage p ower cables . The re search was conducted by a multi - disciplinary team , and s ources includ ed official NRC reports, n ational l aboratory reports , IEEE standards, conference and journal proceedings , magazine articles , PhD dissertations , and discussions with experts . The purpose of this work was to establish the current state - of - the - art in material degradation modeling and cable condition monitoring techniques and to identify research gaps . Subsequently, future areas of focus are recommended to address these research gaps and thus strengthen the efficacy of the NRC's developing cable condition monitoring program . Results of this literature review and details of the test ing recommendations are presented in this report . FOREWORD To ensure the safe, re liable, and cost - effective long - term operation of nuclear power plants, many systems, structures, and components must be continuously evaluated. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has identified that cables in submerged environments are of concern, particularly as plants are seeking license renewal. To date, there is a lack of consensus on aging and degradation mechanisms even though the area of submerged cables has been extensively studied. Consequently, the ability to make lifetime predictions for submerged cable does not yet exist. The NRC has engaged Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) to lead a coordinated effort to help elucidate the aging and degradation of cables in submerged environments by collaborating with cable manufacturers, utilities, universities, and other government agencies. A team of SNL experts was assembled from the laboratories including electrical condition monitoring, mat erial science, polymer degradation, plasma physics

  9. Cable Harness Assembly Planning in Virtual Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jianhua; NING Ruxin; BAI Shuqing; WANG Bile

    2006-01-01

    Based on the analysis of characteristic of cable harness planning in virtual environment, a discrete control node modeling (DCNM) method of cable harness in virtual environment and the cable harness assembly routing technique based on it are proposed. DCNM converts a cable harness into continuous flexed line segments connected by a series of section center points, and the design can realize cable harness planning through controlling those control nodes. This method of cable harness routing in the virtual environment breaks the status that virtual assembly process planning is just suitable for the rigid components at present, and impulse the virtual assembly process planning to be more practical. Relation algorithms have been verified in a self-developed system named virtual cable harness assembly planning (VCHAP) system, and this VCHAP system has been applied in assembly process planning of aerospace-related products.

  10. Basic cable routing guidelines for a fast reactor plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the guidelines evolved for cable routing in 500 MWe Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) are presented. Safety related redundant system cables in a nuclear plant shall not become unavailable due to cable fire. This is ensured by proper cable routing in the plant in addition to the other general fire protection measures

  11. 47 CFR 76.612 - Cable television frequency separation standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cable television frequency separation standards... SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.612 Cable television frequency separation standards. All cable television systems which operate in the frequency bands...

  12. EFFECT OF ELECTRICAL CABLE ON MOVEMENT-RANGE OF AGNETIC ACTUATOR SYSTEM CAPABLE OF INSPECTION IN A PIPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Sasaki

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a magnetic actuator system of a new type capable of inspection in a complex pipe by means of a new motion principle. Using plural vibration components, the magnetic actuator is able to move in the complex pipe. A magnetic actuator of the reversible type, due to opening and closing of a compound material by using elongation and contraction of four shape-memory-alloy (SMA coils, was fabricated. In this paper, the influence of the electrical cable length on the moving characteristics of the magnetic actuator is discussed. Twenty electrical cables of 0.12 mm diameter were used in this paper. The experimental result shows that the prototype actuator was able to climb at 15.3 mm/s in the straight pipe when pulling a load mass of 50 g. In addition, the result demonstrated that the magnetic actuator system was able to inspect the complex pipe over a distance of 10 m. This actuator system can inspect a complex pipe with an inside diameter from 40 mm to 50 mm. In addition, the actuator system was able to inspect the pipe with a simple apparatus of three amplifiers and one signal generator.

  13. 船-缆拖曳系统操纵性能分析%Analysis of maneuverability of towing cable ship system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙洪波; 施朝健; 林文锦

    2015-01-01

    为获取拖船在拖曳时的操纵性的变化规律。文章采用MMG船舶运动数学模型的建模思想,建立了六自由度拖船运动数学模型,采用有限差分法,建立了拖缆模型。然后,在此基础上建立将船-缆耦合起来以形成整个系统的运动数学模型,并分别采用龙格库塔方法对船舶运动积分求解,采用后向差分法对拖缆运动进行求解。通过对比仿真计算分析了水面拖船在拖带过程中的加速性能、旋回性能及偏转抑制性能。仿真结果表明在拖船与拖缆的相互影响下,拖船的加速性能和旋回性能有所下降而偏转抑制性能有所增强。%For obtaining the regular rules of a cable towing vessel, the following methods are adopted. Ac-cording to the MMG ship motion mathematical modeling theory, a 6dof ship motion mathematical model was built. And a 6dof cable motion mathematical model was established with finite difference method. Then, a coupling ship-cable system model was established. Finally, the system motion simulations containing accel-eration, turning and zigzag maneuvering were carried out, and the results indicate that the abilities of ac-celeration and turning are decline, but yaw checking ability is enhanced.

  14. Experimental and analytical studies on the vibration serviceability of pre-stressed cable RC truss floor systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xuhong; Cao, Liang; Chen, Y. Frank; Liu, Jiepeng; Li, Jiang

    2016-01-01

    The developed pre-stressed cable reinforced concrete truss (PCT) floor system is a relatively new floor structure, which can be applied to various long-span structures such as buildings, stadiums, and bridges. Due to the lighter mass and longer span, floor vibration would be a serviceability concern problem for such systems. In this paper, field testing and theoretical analysis for the PCT floor system were conducted. Specifically, heel-drop impact and walking tests were performed on the PCT floor system to capture the dynamic properties including natural frequencies, mode shapes, damping ratios, and acceleration response. The PCT floor system was found to be a low frequency (vibration perceptibility, however. The analytical solution obtained from the weighted residual method agrees well with the experimental results and thus validates the proposed analytical expression. Sensitivity studies using the analytical solution were also conducted to investigate the vibration performance of the PCT floor system.

  15. Cable Sliding at Supports in Cable Structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏建东

    2004-01-01

    To develop an effective numerical method for the cable sliding problem in cable structures, two-node catenary cable element was built to model the cables based on analytical solution of elastic catenary. Cooperated with Newton method, continuation method was used to solve the nonlinear equations. This approach is more efficient than using Newton method only and has a wider range to select initial values for the process to converge. The relationship between the tension on a cable segment and its unstrained length was derived and used to calculate the unbalanced cable tensions at the supports. An example is presented to show the correctness and efficiency of the proposed method.

  16. Parallel monostrand stay cable bending fatigue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winkler, Jan Pawel

    This dissertation investigates the bending fatigue response of high-strength steel monostrands and multistrand stay cables to cyclic transverse deformations. Increasing bridge stock numbers and a push for longer cable-supported span lengths have led to an increased number of reported incidents...... of damage and replacement of bridge stay cables due to wind and traffic-induced fatigue. The understanding of fatigue mechanisms in most steel structures is well established. However, in the case of cables composed of steel strands, many important aspects related with bending fatigue remain to be clarified....... The thesis starts with a literature review of the state-of-the-art in the fields of stay cable fatigue testing and cable fatigue resistance. The study helped to systemize the understanding of the fatigue characteristics of bridge cables subjected to cyclic transverse displacements, failure mechanisms...

  17. Gjoea power cable; a green solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dretvik, Svein-Egil

    2010-07-01

    An alternative to today's power generation offshore using either gas or diesel, is alternating current (AC) electric power cable from shore. The power from shore through the AC cable gives high savings for the environment. The cable replaces 4 gas turbines with a total CO2 disposal of 240 00 tonnes each year which represents the disposal of 100 000 cars. ABB was awarded the contract which includes engineering, fabrication and installation of the power cable from Mongstad to the Gjoea platform which will be the longest AC cable in the world with a total length of 100 km. The presentation will include system design, qualification of dynamic power cable, cable fabrication experiences, testing at fabrication yard and installation aspects. (Author)

  18. High frequency characteristics of medium voltage XLPE power cables

    OpenAIRE

    Mugala, Gavita

    2005-01-01

    The response of a cable can be used to analyze the variation of the material characteristics along its length. For diagnosis of possible ageing, it is necessary to know how cable design, material properties and cable insulation ageing affects the wave propagation. A cable model has therefore been worked out based upon the high frequency properties of the cable insulation and conductor systems. The high frequency characteristics of the semi-conducting screens, new and water-tree aged cross-lin...

  19. 双塔双索面支座体系混合式结合梁斜拉桥设计%Design of Double Pylons and Cable Plane Supporting System Hybrid Composite Girder Cable-stayed Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢波; 程应刚

    2014-01-01

    以洸府河大桥为工程背景,进行了双塔双索面支座体系混合式结合梁斜拉桥的平面、纵断面和横断面设计,介绍了主桥的桥跨布置、桥梁方案,同时进行了中跨结合梁钢主梁、中跨结合梁混凝土桥面板、边跨混凝土主梁、主梁钢-混结合段、斜拉索、主塔和基础的设计,并进行了结构计算。%The plane,longitudinal section and cross section design of double pylons and cable plane supporting system hybrid composite girder cable-stayed bridge was carried out on the background of Guang Fuhe bridge.This paper introduced the bridge span arrangement and scheme,and conducted the design and structure calculation of steel girder in composite girder at midspan,concrete deck in composite girder at midspan,concrete main girder at side span ,steel-concrete mixing section,cable, tower and foundation.

  20. Submerged Medium Voltage Cable Systems at Nuclear Power Plants. A Review of Research Efforts Relevant to Aging Mechanisms and Condition Monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, Jason [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Bernstein, Robert [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); White, II, Gregory Von [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Glover, Steven F. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Neely, Jason C. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Pena, Gary [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Williamson, Kenneth Martin [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Zutavern, Fred J. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gelbard, Fred [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2015-03-01

    and industrial literature was performed to identify : 1) findings regarding the degradation mechanisms of submerged cabling and 2) condition monitoring methods that may prove useful in predict ing the remaining lifetime of submerged medium voltage p ower cables . The re search was conducted by a multi - disciplinary team , and s ources includ ed official NRC reports, n ational l aboratory reports , IEEE standards, conference and journal proceedings , magazine articles , PhD dissertations , and discussions with experts . The purpose of this work was to establish the current state - of - the - art in material degradation modeling and cable condition monitoring techniques and to identify research gaps . Subsequently, future areas of focus are recommended to address these research gaps and thus strengthen the efficacy of the NRC's developing cable condition monitoring program . Results of this literature review and details of the test ing recommendations are presented in this report . FOREWORD To ensure the safe, re liable, and cost - effective long - term operation of nuclear power plants, many systems, structures, and components must be continuously evaluated. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has identified that cables in submerged environments are of concern, particularly as plants are seeking license renewal. To date, there is a lack of consensus on aging and degradation mechanisms even though the area of submerged cables has been extensively studied. Consequently, the ability to make lifetime predictions for submerged cable does not yet exist. The NRC has engaged Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) to lead a coordinated effort to help elucidate the aging and degradation of cables in submerged environments by collaborating with cable manufacturers, utilities, universities, and other government agencies. A team of SNL experts was assembled from the laboratories including electrical condition monitoring, mat erial science, polymer degradation, plasma physics

  1. Design, construction, and operation of an actively controlled deep-sea CO2 enrichment experiment using a cabled observatory system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkwood, William J.; Walz, Peter M.; Peltzer, Edward T.; Barry, James P.; Herlien, Robert A.; Headley, Kent L.; Kecy, Chad; Matsumoto, George I.; Maughan, Thom; O'Reilly, Thomas C.; Salamy, Karen A.; Shane, Farley; Brewer, Peter G.

    2015-03-01

    We describe the design, testing, and performance of an actively controlled deep-sea Free Ocean CO2 Enrichment (dp-FOCE) system for the execution of seafloor experiments relating to the impacts of ocean acidification on natural ecosystems. We used the 880 m deep MARS (Monterey Accelerated Research System) cable site offshore Monterey Bay, California for this work, but the Free Ocean CO2 Enrichment (FOCE) system concept is designed to be scalable and can be modified to be used in a wide variety of ocean depths and locations. The main frame is based on a flume design with active thruster control of flow and a central experimental chamber. The unit was allowed to free fall to the seafloor and connected to the cable node by remotely operated vehicle (ROV) manipulation. For operation at depth we designed a liquid CO2 containment reservoir which provided the CO2 enriched working fluid as ambient seawater was drawn through the reservoir beneath the more buoyant liquid CO2. Our design allowed for the significant lag time associated with the hydration of the dissolved CO2 molecule, resulting in an e-folding time, τ, of 97 s between fluid injection and pH sensing at the mean local T=4.31±0.14 °C and pHT of 7.625±0.011. The system maintained a pH offset of ~0.4 pH units compared to the surrounding ocean for a period of ~1 month. The unit allows for the emplacement of deep-sea animals for testing. We describe the components and software used for system operation and show examples of each. The demonstrated ability for active control of experimental systems opens new possibilities for deep-sea biogeochemical perturbation experiments of several kinds and our developments in open source control systems software and hardware described here are applicable to this end.

  2. Study on structural system of multi-pylon cable-stayed bridge%多塔斜拉桥的结构体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻梅; 廖海黎; 李乔; 马存明; 李明水

    2015-01-01

    T he intermediate pylons of multi-pylon cable-stayed bridges cannot be anchored to fixed points by backstays,indicating that it is possible to cause greater horizontal displacements in the top of towers under the action of external loads. T herefore,it is important to obtain adequate structural stiffness in the design of multi-pylon cable-stayed bridges. In this paper,the structural systems of multi-pylon cable-stayed bridges were investigated. T he effect of structural system on mechanical behavior of multi-pylon cable-stayed bridges was analyzed by using a three-pylon cable-stayed bridge and a four-pylon cable-stayed bridge model. T he deflection and internal force of models for different structural systems were compared. T he results indicated that the best structural system of multi-pylon cable-stayed bridges w as the system that had enough structural stiffness and less secondary internal force resulted from concrete shrinkage,creep and temperature effect. Recommendations were given for determining structural system in the design of multi-pylon cable-stayed bridges.%多塔斜拉桥由于没有背索将其中间塔锚固到固定点,在活载作用下多塔斜拉桥的塔顶将产生过大的水平位移并导致主梁过大变位。如何确保结构的整体刚度是多塔斜拉桥设计中的关键环节。本文分析了多塔斜拉桥的结构体系,通过对不同结构体系的三塔及四塔斜拉桥模型的数值分析及比较,研究了结构体系对多塔斜拉桥力学行为的影响。结果显示,多塔斜拉桥理想的结构体系是能保证结构具有足够的整体刚度,并使混凝土收缩徐变及温度变化等因素在结构中不致产生过大次内力的体系。同时给出了有益于设计中选择多塔斜拉桥结构体系的结论和建议。

  3. Cable Tensiometer for Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunnelee, Mark (Inventor)

    2008-01-01

    The invention is a cable tensiometer that can be used on aircraft for real-time, in-flight cable tension measurements. The invention can be used on any aircraft cables with high precision. The invention is extremely light-weight, hangs on the cable being tested and uses a dual bending beam design with a high mill-volt output to determine tension.

  4. Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer for Cable Structures—A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue Liu

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP is an advanced composite material with the advantages of high strength, lightweight, no corrosion and excellent fatigue resistance. Therefore, unidirectional CFRP has great potential for cables and to replace steel cables in cable structures. However, CFRP is a typical orthotropic material and its strength and modulus perpendicular to the fiber direction are much lower than those in the fiber direction, which brings a challenge for anchoring CFRP cables. This paper presents an overview of application of CFRP cables in cable structures, including historical review, state of the art and prospects for the future. After introducing properties of carbon fibers, mechanical characteristics and structural forms of CFRP cables, existing CFRP cable structures in the world (all of them are cable bridges are reviewed. Especially, their CFRP cable anchorages are presented in detail. New applications for CFRP cables, i.e., cable roofs and cable facades, are also presented, including the introduction of a prototype CFRP cable roof and the conceptual design of a novel structure—CFRP Continuous Band Winding System. In addition, other challenges that impede widespread application of CFRP cable structures are briefly introduced.

  5. Results from the Danish high temperature superconducting power cable project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, Ole; Østergaard, Jacob

    2002-01-01

    For the first time, a high temperature superconducting (HTS) demonstration cable system has been installed in a utility network supplying electricity to consumers. The cable is a 30-m long, 30kVrms, 2, 000Arms cable, installed in the network of Copenhagen Energy at a substation supplying...... approximately 50, 000 customers. The purpose of the cable installation is to obtain installation and operating experience with this type of cable. The cable system has been in operation since May 28th 2001, and the first operating experiences of the cable have been satisfactory. The cable has been in operation...... for more than one year, and the cable has during the first year supplied 101, 000MWh of energy to the customers....

  6. Review of high voltage direct current cables

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, George; Miao, Hao; Z. Xu; A. S. Vaughan; Cao, Junzheng; Wang, Haitian

    2015-01-01

    Increased renewable energy integration and international power trades have led to the construction and development of new HVDC transmission systems. HVDC cables, in particular, play an important role in undersea power transmission and offshore renewable energy integration having lower losses and higher reliability. In this paper, the current commercial feasibility of HVDC cables and the development of different types of HVDC cables and accessories are reviewed. The non-uniform electric field ...

  7. Braided tubular superelastic cables provide improved spinal stability compared to multifilament sublaminar cables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tremblay, Jaëlle; Mac-Thiong, Jean-Marc; Brailovski, Vladimir; Petit, Yvan

    2015-09-01

    This study investigates the use of braided tubular superelastic cables, previously used for sternum closure following sternotomy, as sublaminar fixation method. It compares the biomechanical performance of spinal instrumentation fixation systems with regular sublaminar cables and proprietary superelastic cables. A hybrid experimental protocol was applied to six porcine L1-L4 spinal segments to compare multifilament sublaminar cables (Atlas, Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, TN) with proprietary superelastic cables. First, intact total range of motion was determined for all specimens using pure moment loading. Second, pure moments were imposed to the instrumented specimens until these intact total ranges of motion were reproduced. Compared to the intact specimens, the use of superelastic cables resulted in stiffer instrumented specimens than the use of multifilament cables for all the loading modes except axial torsion. Consequently, the superelastic cables limited the instrumented segments mobility more than the multifilament cables. Spinal instrumentation fixation systems using superelastic cables could be a good alternative to conventional sublaminar cables as it maintains a constant stabilization of the spine during loading.

  8. Advantages of using CFRP cables in orthogonally loaded cable structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernd Zwingmann

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP is an advanced composite material with advantages of high strength and light weight, giving it great potential to be a new, reliable cable material. Ideal structures for CFRP cables are orthogonally loaded cable structures, where cables are loaded orthogonally or approximately orthogonally by external loads. Using CFRP cables in such structures, e.g. cable roofs and cable facades, has advantages over traditional steel cable structures. In order to demonstrate this point, two typical orthogonally loaded cable structures, i.e. a CFRP spoked wheel cable roof and a CFRP cable net façade, were investigated in a case study. Their mechanical properties and economies are compared with that of the steel counterparts. Results show that CFRP cables can effectively improve the mechanical and economical performances of orthogonally loaded cable structures; furthermore, the advantages of applying CFRP cables for cable net facade are more obvious than that for spoked wheel cable roof.

  9. Assessment of sodium conductor distribution cable

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-06-01

    The study assesses the barriers and incentives for using sodium conductor distribution cable. The assessment considers environmental, safety, energy conservation, electrical performance and economic factors. Along with all of these factors considered in the assessment, the sodium distribution cable system is compared to the present day alternative - an aluminum conductor system. (TFD)

  10. Nonlinear Analysis of Cable Vibration of a Multispan Cable-Stayed Bridge under Transverse Excitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kun Lin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The nonlinear vibrations of cable in a multispan cable-stayed bridge subjected to transverse excitation are investigated. The MECS (multielements cable system model, where multielements per cable stay are used, is built up and used to analyze the model properties of the multispan cable-stayed bridges. Then, a simplified two-degrees-of-freedom (2-DOFs model, where the tower or the deck is reduced to a beam, is proposed to analyze the nonlinear dynamic behaviors of the beam and cable. The results of MECS model analysis show that the main tower in the multispan cable-stayed bridge is prone to the transverse vibration, and the local vibration of cables only has a little impact on the frequency values of the global modes. The results of simplified model analysis show that the energy can be transformed between the modes of the beam and cable when the nature frequencies of them are very close. On the other hand, with the transverse excitation changing, the cable can exhibit richer quasi-periodic or chaotic motions due to the nonlinear terms caused by the coupled mode between the beam and cable.

  11. How do you like them cables?

    CERN Multimedia

    Sergei Malyukov

    Cabling work is not for clautrophobic people! Cables are like the blood vessels and nervous system of ATLAS. With the help of all these cables, we can power ATLAS, control the detector and read out the data. Like the human blood vessels, they penetrate inside the ATLAS volume, reaching each of its elements. The ATLAS developers started to think about design of services, cables and pipes at the very first stages of the project. The cabling project has been developing most intensively during the last five years, passing through the projection and CAD design phases, then the installation of cable trays and finally the cables. The cable installation itself took two and a half years and was done by teams of technicians from several institutes from Russia, the Czech Republic and Poland. Here are some numbers to illustrate the scale of the ATLAS cabling system. More than 25000 optical fiber channels are used for reading the information from the sub-detectors and delivering the timing signals. The total numbe...

  12. Development of a hybrid dome composed of glued-laminated timbers and steel cables. (Part 1). ; Structural system and overall buckling analysis. Daidanmen shuseizai to cable ni yoru hybridter dot dome kozo no kaihatsu. 1. ; Kozo system oyobi zentai zakutsu kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsubota, H.; Ban, S.; Yoshida, A.; Takagi, H. (Kajima Corp., Tokyo (Japan))

    1991-10-31

    The structural system and structure design were outlined of the large scale hybrid dome (140 m in diameter, 49 m in height) composed of glued-laminated timbers (glulam) and steel cables, and the analytical result was also reported of the most critical overall buckling of the dome due to snow loads. The dome was composed of radial arch members made of large section glulams, circumferential ring cables, diagonal PC steel rods as a horizontal brace, and membrane panels made of glass fiber fabric. To predict overall buckling accurately, the three-dimensional nonlinear frame analysis method was developed through a load incremental method in consideration of beam, truss and cable elements. The structural safety of the dome against overall buckling was confirmed by the method, and the rationality of the hybrid structural system was also confirmed by resolving the load bearing mechanism of the dome as a complex structural system. 2 refs., 12 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. Online Cable Tester and Rerouter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Mark; Medelius, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    Hardware and algorithms have been developed to transfer electrical power and data connectivity safely, efficiently, and automatically from an identified damaged/defective wire in a cable to an alternate wire path. The combination of online cable testing capabilities, along with intelligent signal rerouting algorithms, allows the user to overcome the inherent difficulty of maintaining system integrity and configuration control, while autonomously rerouting signals and functions without introducing new failure modes. The incorporation of this capability will increase the reliability of systems by ensuring system availability during operations.

  14. 46 CFR 113.10-3 - Cable runs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cable runs. 113.10-3 Section 113.10-3 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING COMMUNICATION AND ALARM SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Fire and Smoke Detecting and Alarm Systems § 113.10-3 Cable runs. Cable runs...

  15. 46 CFR 113.50-20 - Distribution of cable runs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Distribution of cable runs. 113.50-20 Section 113.50-20... ALARM SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Public Address Systems § 113.50-20 Distribution of cable runs. (a) Each... each of these zones. (g) Feeders and branch circuit cables must be in passageways. They must not be...

  16. 47 CFR 1.767 - Cable landing licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... concerning the application is to be addressed; (4) A description of the submarine cable, including the type... license to construct and operate a submarine cable system or to modify the construction of a previously approved submarine cable system, applicants must determine whether they are required to certify that...

  17. Superconducting power cables in Denmark - a case study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Jacob

    1997-01-01

    A case study of a 450 MVA, 132 kV high temperature superconducting (HTS) power transmission cable has been carried out. In the study, a superconducting cable system is compared to a conventional cable system which is under construction for an actual transmission line in the Danish grid. The study...... considers the design and development of a calculation model for an HTS cable system including auxiliary facilities. From calculations of the selected transmission line, conclusions on the feasibility of HTS cables in Denmark are made. HTS cables appear to be feasible in Denmark. Calculations indicate...... that HTS cables will be less expensive for high power ratings, have lower losses for lines with a high load, and have a reduced reactive power production. The use of superconducting cables in Denmark accommodate plans by the Danish utility to make a substantial conversion of overhead lines to underground...

  18. Cable Aerodynamic Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kleissl, Kenneth

    This dissertation investigates the possibility of preventing wind-induced cable vibrations on cable-stayed bridges using passive aerodynamic means in the form of cable surface modifications. Especially the phenomenon of rainwind induced vibrations, which is known as the most common type...... of these vibrations and capable of inducing severe vibrations. The recent increase in the number of cable stayed bridges continuously becoming longer and lighter have resulted in a high number of observations of cable vibrations. A detailed literature review of the various types of passive means led...... with a sudden change in the lift during the flow transition, which could be the reason for a dry limited amplitude vibration observed only for cables with helical applications. Dry inclined galloping was only seen with the plain reference cable model, even though only the helically filleted cable was capable...

  19. TSS350系统在海底电缆探测中的应用%Application of TSS350 system in the detection of submarine power cables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾亮; 王艳; 李明波; 姜卫

    2012-01-01

    基于社会经济的发展,海底电缆输电技术被越来越广泛的应用,而海底电缆的探测,特别是对海底电缆埋深的探测成为海底电缆运行维护工作的难点之一。本文首先阐述了TSS350系统的方法原理、系统构架以及工作方法;其次,以粤琼500kV跨海高压输电电缆探测为例,给出了TSS350系统对高压带电运行的海缆路由及埋深的探测情况。探测实践的结果表明,TSS350系统能精确追踪海底运行中的高压电缆的路由和埋深信息,该探测系统对监测海底电缆的运行和维护具有重要作用。%As the rapidly development of the society and economy,the transmission technology using submarine power cable is widely applied.The detection of submarine cable,especially its depth location becomes the key problem in the maintenance of submarine cable.After the brief introduction of TSS350 principle,configuration and operation,its application to the route and burial depth of 500kV live power cables from Guangdong province to Hainan province is presented in this paper.The detection results show that TSS350 system can accurately track the route and burial depth of live cable with high voltage.In brief,this system can not only detect the live cable with high voltage,but also play an important role for the maintenance of submarine power cables.

  20. Distributed Communication Cable Security Alarm System Design%分布式通信电缆防盗报警系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高同辉; 李树伟

    2011-01-01

    针对通信电缆经常被盗割的现象,利用通信电缆任意两根芯线作为检测回路,按照一定距离并联滤波电阻器.当通信电缆被盗割后,检测回路的总电阻的变化会引起电流的变化,然后将电流变化量转化为电压变化量,再通过单片机的A/D转换后与事先设置好的报警数据比较,通过声光报警,提醒值班人员.设计给出了通信电缆防盗报警系统总体设计框图、整体电路设计、元件参数选择及系统程序设计.本设计产品通过应用到工程中实验,发现和预防了电缆被盗割.%In view of the situation that communication cables usually are stolen, it uses random two core wires of the communication cables as the detective circuit, filter resistances are paralleling according to some distance. When communication cables are cut, the total resistance of detective circuit courses the change of current, then the current variation turns into the voltage variation, after being converted by the A/D function of MCU, it's compared with the alert data which has been setting in advance, generating sound and light warning noticing the watchkeeper. This design shows the entire design block diagram, whole circuit design, choosing of component parameters and system program design of the communication cable security alarm system. The product of this design has been applied to engineering experiment, and it finds and prevents of the cable is stolen.

  1. Cable Supported Bridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimsing, Niels Jørgen

    Cable supported bridges in the form of suspension bridges and cable-stayed bridges are distinguished by their ability to overcome large spans.The book concentrates on the synthesis of cable supported bridges, covering both design and construction aspects. The analytical part covers simple methods...... to quantify the different structural configurations and allows a preliminary optimization of the main structure.Included are the most recent advances in structural design, corrosion protection of cables, aerodynamic safety, and erection procedures....

  2. A Cabled Acoustic Telemetry System for Detecting and Tracking Juvenile Salmon: Part 1. Engineering Design and Instrumentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Brad Eppard

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In 2001 the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District (OR, USA, started developing the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System, a nonproprietary sensing technology, to meet the needs for monitoring the survival of juvenile salmonids through eight large hydroelectric facilities within the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS. Initial development focused on coded acoustic microtransmitters and autonomous receivers that could be deployed in open reaches of the river for detection of the juvenile salmonids implanted with microtransmitters as they passed the autonomous receiver arrays. In 2006, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory began the development of an acoustic receiver system for deployment at hydropower facilities (cabled receiver for detecting fish tagged with microtransmitters as well as tracking them in two or three dimensions for determining route of passage and behavior as the fish passed at the facility. The additional information on route of passage, combined with survival estimates, is used by the dam operators and managers to make structural and operational changes at the hydropower facilities to improve survival of fish as they pass the facilities through the FCRPS.

  3. Local Government Uses of Cable Television.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cable Television Information Center, Washington, DC.

    The local government cable access channel is essentially a television station completely controlled by the local government. It differs from a local broadcast television station by being able to reach only those places which are connected to the cable system, having much less programming distribution costs, and having the capacity to deliver…

  4. 76 FR 32866 - Cable Landing Licenses; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... Systems Agency in the regulations that we published in the Federal Register of January 14, 2002, 67 FR... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 1 Cable Landing Licenses; Correction AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION... streamlined processing of cable landing license applications. Need for Correction As published, the...

  5. Modeling vibration response and damping of cables and cabled structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spak, Kaitlin S.; Agnes, Gregory S.; Inman, Daniel J.

    2015-02-01

    In an effort to model the vibration response of cabled structures, the distributed transfer function method is developed to model cables and a simple cabled structure. The model includes shear effects, tension, and hysteretic damping for modeling of helical stranded cables, and includes a method for modeling cable attachment points using both linear and rotational damping and stiffness. The damped cable model shows agreement with experimental data for four types of stranded cables, and the damped cabled beam model shows agreement with experimental data for the cables attached to a beam structure, as well as improvement over the distributed mass method for cabled structure modeling.

  6. Optimal Energy Harvesting from Vortex-Induced Vibrations of Cables

    CERN Document Server

    Antoine, G O; Michelin, S

    2016-01-01

    Vortex-induced vibrations (VIV) of flexible cables are an example of flow-induced vibrations that can act as energy harvesting systems by converting energy associated with the spontaneous cable motion into electricity. This work investigates the optimal positioning of the harvesting devices along the cable, using numerical simulations with a wake oscillator model to describe the unsteady flow forcing. Using classical gradient-based optimization, the optimal harvesting strategy is determined for the generic configuration of a flexible cable fixed at both ends, including the effect of flow forces and gravity on the cable's geometry. The optimal strategy is found to consist systematically in a concentration of the harvesting devices at one of the cable's ends, relying on deformation waves along the cable to carry the energy toward this harvesting site. Furthermore, we show that the performance of systems based on VIV of flexible cables is significantly more robust to flow velocity variations, in comparison with ...

  7. Locomotor training through a 3D cable-driven robotic system for walking function in children with cerebral palsy: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ming; Kim, Janis; Arora, Pooja; Gaebler-Spira, Deborah J; Zhang, Yunhui

    2014-01-01

    Locomotor training using treadmill has been shown to elicit significant improvements in locomotor ability for some children with cerebral palsy (CP), the functional gains are relatively small and it requires greater involvement from a physical therapist. Current robotic gait training systems are effective in reducing the strenuous work of a physical therapist during locomotor training, but are less effective in improving locomotor function in some children with CP due to the limitations of the systems. Thus, a 3D cable-driven robotic gait training system was developed and tested in five children with CP through a 6 week of long-term gait training. Results indicated that both overground walking speed and 6 minute walking distance improved after robot assisted treadmill training through the cable-driven robotic system, and partially retained at 8 weeks after the end of training. Results from this pilot study indicated that it seems feasible to conduct locomotor training in children with CP through the 3D cable-driven robotic system. PMID:25570752

  8. 77 FR 61351 - Cable Television Technical and Operational Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-09

    ... subscribe to a digital tier of cable service)). \\7\\ See, e.g., Viewability Sunset Order, 77 FR at 36185....605; Cable Television Technical and Operational Requirements, Report and Order, FCC 92-61, 57 FR 11000... Equipment, First Report and Order, 59 FR 25339, May 16, 1994 (requiring cable systems to adopt the EIA...

  9. Parametrically excited oscillation of stay cable and its control in cable-stayed bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙炳楠; 汪至刚; 高赞明; 倪一清

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a nonlinear dynamic model for simulation and analysis of a kind of parametrically excited vibration of stay cable caused by support motion in cable-stayed bridges. The sag, inclination angle of the stay cable are considered in the model, based on which, the oscillation mechanism and dynamic response characteristics of this kind of vibration are analyzed through numerical calculation. It is noted that parametrically excited oscillation of a stay cable with certain sag, inclination angle and initial static tension force may occur in cable-stayed bridges due to deck vibration under the condition that the natural frequency of a cable approaches to about half of the first model frequency of the bridge deck system. A new vibration control system installed on the cable anchorage is proposed as a possible damping system to suppress the cable parametric oscillation. The numerical calculation results showed that with the use of this damping system, the cable oscillation due to the vibration of the deck and/or towers will be considerably reduced.

  10. Parametrically excited oscillation of stay cable and its control in cable-stayed bridges"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙炳楠; 汪至刚; 高赞明; 倪一清

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a nonlinear dynamic model for simulation and analysis of a kind of parametrically excited vibration of stay cable caused by support motion in cable-stayed bridges. The sag, inclination angle of the stay cable are considered in the model, based on which, the oscillation mechanism and dynamic response characteristics of this kind of vibration are analyzed through numerical calculation. It is noted that parametrically excited oscillation of a stay cable with certain sag, inclination angle and initial static tension force may occur in cable-stayed bridges due to deck vibration under the condition that the natural frequency of a cable approaches to about half of the first model frequency of the bridge deck system. A new vibration control system installed on the cable anchorage is proposed as a possible damping system to suppress the cable parametric oscillation. The numerical calculation results showed that with the use of this damping system, the cable oscillation due to the vibration of the deck and/or towers will be considerably reduced.

  11. Umbilical Cable Recovery Load Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Shu-wang; JIA Zhao-lin; FENG Xiao-wei; LI Shi-tao

    2013-01-01

    Umbilical cable is a kind of integrated subsea cable widely used in the exploration and exploitation of oil and gas field.The severe ocean environment makes great challenges to umbilical maintenance and repair work.Damaged umbilical is usually recovered for the regular operation of the offshore production system.Analysis on cables in essence is a two-point boundary problem.The tension load at the mudline must be known first,and then the recovery load and recovery angle on the vessel can be solved by use of catenary equation.The recovery analysis also involves umbilicalsoil interaction and becomes more complicated.Calculation methods for recovery load of the exposed and buried umbilical are established and the relationship between the position of touch down point and the recovery load as well as the recovery angle and recovery load are analyzed.The analysis results provide a theoretical reference for offshore on-deck operation.

  12. Effects of fundamental factors on coupled vibration of wind-rail vehicle-bridge system for long-span cable-stayed bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明金; 李永乐; 汪斌

    2016-01-01

    In a wind-vehicle-bridge (WVB) system, there are various interactions among wind, vehicle and bridge. The mechanism for coupling vibration of wind-vehicle-bridge systems is explored to demonstrate the effects of fundamental factors, such as mean wind, fluctuating wind, buffeting, rail irregularities, light rail vehicle vibration and bridge stiffness. A long cable-stayed bridge which carries light rail traffic is regarded as a numerical example. Firstly, a finite element model is built for the long cable-stayed bridge. The deck can generally be idealized as three-dimensional spine beam while cables are modeled as truss elements. Vehicles are modeled as mass-spring-damper systems. Rail irregularities and wind fluctuation are simulated in time domain by spectrum representation method. Then, aerodynamic loads on vehicle and bridge deck are measured by section model wind tunnel tests. Eight vertical and torsional flutter derivatives of bridge deck are identified by weighting ensemble least-square method. Finally, dynamic responses of the WVB system are analyzed in a series of cases. The results show that the accelerations of the vehicle are excited by the fluctuating wind and the track irregularity to a great extent. The transverse forces of wheel axles mainly depend on the track irregularity. The displacements of the bridge are predominantly determined by the mean wind and restricted by its stiffness. And the accelerations of the bridge are enlarged after adding the fluctuating wind.

  13. A Multiscale Finite Element Model Validation Method of Composite Cable-Stayed Bridge Based on Structural Health Monitoring System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rumian Zhong

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A two-step response surface method for multiscale finite element model (FEM updating and validation is presented with respect to Guanhe Bridge, a composite cable-stayed bridge in the National Highway number G15, in China. Firstly, the state equations of both multiscale and single-scale FEM are established based on the basic equation in structural dynamic mechanics to update the multiscale coupling parameters and structural parameters. Secondly, based on the measured data from the structural health monitoring (SHM system, a Monte Carlo simulation is employed to analyze the uncertainty quantification and transmission, where the uncertainties of the multiscale FEM and measured data were considered. The results indicate that the relative errors between the calculated and measured frequencies are less than 2%, and the overlap ratio indexes of each modal frequency are larger than 80% without the average absolute value of relative errors. These demonstrate that the proposed method can be applied to validate the multiscale FEM, and the validated FEM can reflect the current conditions of the real bridge; thus it can be used as the basis for bridge health monitoring, damage prognosis (DP, and safety prognosis (SP.

  14. Research on Propagation Characteristics of XLPE Cable Electrical Trees in different Electrode System%不同电极系统下XLPE电缆电树枝生长特性的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周湶; 叶笛; 廖瑞金

    2008-01-01

    The electrical tree discharge channel will be formed at concentrate spot of electric field in solid insulation dielectric, in order to study the difference of electrical tree under different electrical field, the short-cable electrode system with actual XLPE cable was designed, experiments were performed under 12 kV, 15 kV, 18 kV, 21 kV compare to the needle-plate electrode system. Experiment results show that the electrical tree of short-cable electrode system have the same growth trend with the needle-plate electrode system in the growing characteristic, the dense of electrical tree increase with the increase of voltage level, electrical tree of short-cable electrode system growth is slower than the needle-plate electrode system at the same voltage;To get the same shape of electrical tree, the voltage of short-cable electrode system must be higher than needle-plate electrode system, the results show that the semiconductor layer and the copper shield layer outside of XLPE cable have very important affection on the electrical trees degradation.

  15. Power Cable Junction Monitoring System for Fault Pre-War ning%电力电缆接头故障的预警监测系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王新超; 潘贞存

    2001-01-01

    对电缆接头故障进行了一些有益的分析,提出了一种间接在线评估接头电阻和绝缘老化的算法,从理论上验证了接头温度与接头质量的相关性。在此基础上,介绍了基于上述机理而设计的电缆接头温度监测系统。通过实例分析说明了该机理的有效性和可信度,同时本系统的先进性和可靠性也得到了验证。%Instructive analysis on power cable ju nction faults is carried out and an algorithm for indirect on-line measuring of cabl e junction resistance and insulation aging is proposed. The interrelation of cab le junction temperature and interconnection quality is theoretically proved, and a temperature monitoring system of power cable junction designed on that mechan i sm is introduced.By instance analysis the efficiency and believability of this m echanism are explained, and the reliability of this advanced monitoring system is verified.

  16. Operation experiences with a 30 kV/100 MVA high temperature superconducting cable system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, Ole; Däumling, Manfred; Jensen, Kim Høj;

    2004-01-01

    of 1157 A. The operation experiences include over-currents of 6 kA due to faults on peripheral lines, commissioning, servicing and failure responses on the cooling system, continuous 24 h, 7 day per week monitoring and performance of the alarm system. The implications of these experiences for the future...

  17. Identification of problems when using long high voltage AC cable in transmission system I: Switching transient problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rahimi, Saeed; Wiechowski, W.; Randrup, M;

    2008-01-01

    the proper substitution and solution which make the transmission expansion possible with minimized visual impacts on the communities. Within European countries, Denmark was been at the forefront of replacing the transmission lines with cables. The project was supplying the power to the greater......Due to political and environmental pressures from the public and government side, upgrading and building new transmission facilities are becoming more and more difficult and in some cases the expansion of overhead transmission lines are impossible. This means that underground cable technology is...

  18. 现代架空线输电系统中的高压电缆段%Aspects of High Voltage Cable Sections in Modern Overhead Line Transmission Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Electrical power transmission is dominated by overhead line systems at present. This is mainly based on more than hundred years of experience of utilities in running overhead lines. Furthermore, overhead lines have proven their operational reliability and functional assurance. In the past, cables were used in distribution networks in urban areas for the most part with the exception of direct current submarine cables. New developments of high voltage XLPE cables make it possible to use this technology for EHV level applications in transmission networks. Within this paper, mixed network configurations, consisting of overhead lines and high voltage cables, are investigated. An exemplary EHV transmission line with a total length of about 100 km, which is quite typical for Central Europe, has been studied. Several different line combinations are discussed with varied rates between overhead line sections and cable sections length in practice. The length of the cable sections are ranging from several kilometers up to lengths of 100 km. In this paper the work focuses on the transient behavior of combined 400 kV overhead and cable lines during switching processes and lightning impacts. A number of calculations were carried out to get an overview of the transient stress in numerous network nodes along the transmission system. Numerical programs like ATP/EMTP have been used for these simulations. Peak values and wave shapes of the transient voltage stress have been evaluated, based on different systems and within possible combinations. In respect of the insulation coordination and transient stress at network nodes, the voltage-time trends are also analyzed. The combination of high voltage overhead and cable transmission systems, especially such with lengths of more than about 50 km, are making tightened and extended demands to the network design, to the operational management and of course to the network protection also. As an output of this investigations, the results might

  19. The Cable Television Industry's Ongoing Commitment to Education and America's Teachers, Children and Families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Cable Television Association, Inc., Washington, DC.

    This cable television industry report provides a sampling of case studies and overviews which describe cable operator, multiple system operator (MSO), and program networks' initiatives, resources, and support for education and the communities they serve. The information focuses on the following categories: Cable in the Classroom; cable's high…

  20. Development of Compact Seafloor Cabled Seismic and Tsunami Observation System Using ICT and Installation Plan to Off-Sanriku Region, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinohara, M.; Yamada, T.; Sakai, S.; Shiobara, H.; Kanazawa, T.

    2014-12-01

    A seismic and tsunami observation system using seafloor optical fiber had been installed off Sanriku, northeastern Japan in 1996. The objectives of the system are to obtain exact seismic activity related to plate subduction and to observe tsunami on seafloor. The continuous real-time observation has been carried out since the installation. In March 2011, the Tohoku earthquake occurred at the plate boundary near the Japan Trench, and the system recorded seismic waves and tsunamis by the mainshock. These data are useful to obtain accurate position of the source faults and source region of tsunami generated by the event. However, the landing station of the system was damaged by huge tsunami, and the observation was suspended. Because the real-time seafloor observation by cabled system is important in this region, we decide to reconstruct a landing station and install newly developed Ocean Bottom Cabled Seismic and Tsunami (OBCST) observation system for additional observation and/or replacement of the existing system. From 2005, we have been developed the new compact Ocean Bottom Cabled Seismometer (OBCS) system using Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Our system is characterized by securement of reliability by using TCP/IP technology and down-sizing of an observation node using up-to-date electronics technology. In 2010, the first OBCS was installed near Awashima-island in the Japan Sea, and is being operated continuously. The new OBCST system is placed as the second generation of our system, and has two types of observation nodes. Both types have accelerometers as seismic sensors. One type of observation nodes equips a crystal oscillator type pressure gauge as tsunami sensor. Another type has an external port for additional observation sensor by using Power over Ethernet technology. Clocks in observation nodes can be synchronized through TCP/IP protocol with an accuracy of 300 ns (IEEE 1588). A simple canister for tele-communication seafloor cable is

  1. Research on Longitudinal Vibration Characteristic of the Six-Cable-Driven Parallel Manipulator in FAST

    OpenAIRE

    Zhihua Liu; Xiaoqiang Tang; Zhufeng Shao; Liping Wang; Lewei Tang

    2013-01-01

    The first adjustable feed support system in FAST is a six-cable-driven parallel manipulator. Due to flexibility of the cables, the cable-driven parallel manipulator bears a concern of possible vibration caused by wind disturbance or internal force from the fine drive system. The purpose of this paper is to analyze vibration characteristic of the six-cable-driven parallel manipulator in FAST. The tension equilibrium equation of the six-cable-driven parallel manipulator is set up regarding the ...

  2. Power System Technical Performance Issues related to the Application of Long HVAC Cables

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiechowski, W.; der Sluis, L.V.; Ohno, Teruo;

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports the progress of work of Cigre Working Group C4.502 “Power system technical performance issues related to the application of long HVAC cables”. The primary goal of the WG C4.502 is to write a technical brochure that will serve as practical guide for performing studies necessary...

  3. Power system technical performance issues related to the application of long HVAC cables

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiechowski, on behalf of Cigre WG C4.502, W.; Sluis, L. V. der; Ohno, Teruo;

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports the progress of work of Cigre Working Group C4.502 “Power system technical performance issues related to the application of long HVAC cables”. The primary goal of the WG C4.502 is to write a technical brochure that will serve as practical guide for performing studies necessary...

  4. Analytical Solution for the Current Distribution in Multistrand Superconducting Cables

    CERN Document Server

    Bottura, L; Fabbri, M G

    2002-01-01

    Current distribution in multistrand superconducting cables can be a major concern for stability in superconducting magnets and for field quality in particle accelerator magnets. In this paper we describe multistrand superconducting cables by means of a distributed parameters circuit model. We derive a system of partial differential equations governing current distribution in the cable and we give the analytical solution of the general system. We then specialize the general solution to the particular case of uniform cable properties. In the particular case of a two-strand cable, we show that the analytical solution presented here is identical to the one already available in the literature. For a cable made of N equal strands we give a closed form solution that to our knowledge was never presented before. We finally validate the analytical solution by comparison to numerical results in the case of a step-like spatial distribution of the magnetic field over a short Rutherford cable, both in transient and steady ...

  5. The Analysis of Static Performance of Geiger System Cable Dome and System Improvement%盖格体系索穹顶静力特性分析及体系改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭远翔; 林亮洪

    2011-01-01

    This essay is based on a calculation example, to analyse it with the help of SAP2000, then discuss the relationship of the change of internal forces of different structural memebers and nodal displacements with the change of various load sizes for cable dome of Geiger system, obtain the static structural characteristics of such cable dome system. With the analizing of the calculation results, conclude the point that should be noted seriously when designing cable dome of Geiger system-the inner ring of cable is very easy to relax, at the same time discusses the solution to this problem. Then the effectiveness of the approach of replacing the easy-to-relax cable with rigid cable by analyzing an example is demonstrated.%从一个算例出发,运用sap2000对算例进行计算.讨论盖格体系索穹顶各节点位移以及各构件内力随荷载大小的变化情况,得出盖格体系索穹顶的结构静力特性.从对计算结果的分析,得出盖格体系设计时需十分注意的问题——内圈脊索很容易松弛,并对解决这一问题的方法进行探讨,且以一个实例论证用劲性索替换容易松弛的索这一方法的有效性.

  6. Multistrand superconductor cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borden, Albert R.

    1985-01-01

    Improved multistrand Rutherford-type superconductor cable is produced by using strands which are preformed, prior to being wound into the cable, so that each strand has a variable cross section, with successive portions having a substantially round cross section, a transitional oval cross section, a rectangular cross section, a transitional oval cross section, a round cross section and so forth, in repetitive cycles along the length of the strand. The cable is wound and flattened so that the portions of rectangular cross section extend across the two flat sides of the cable at the strand angle. The portions of round cross section are bent at the edges of the flattened cable, so as to extend between the two flat sides. The rectangular portions of the strands slide easily over one another, so as to facilitate flexing and bending of the cable, while also minimizing the possibility of causing damage to the strands by such flexing or bending. Moreover, the improved cable substantially maintains its compactness and cross-sectional shape when the cable is flexed or bent.

  7. Switching studies for the Horns Rev 2 wind farm main cable

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Christian Flytkjær; Faria da Silva, Filipe; Bak, Claus Leth; Wiechowski, W.

    2011-01-01

    This article proposes a method of constructing a PSCAD model suitable for switching studies in a system containing long HVAC cables. The transmission network connection to the 215 MW offshore wind farm Horns Rev 2 is used as a case study. The connection to Horns Rev 2 consists of two land cable sections with a total length of 57.7 km and a 42 km long submarine cable. The submarine cable is a three phase type of cable, and three single conductor cables are used for the land cable. Methods of r...

  8. Deployment/Retrieval Modeling of Cable-Driven Parallel Robot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Q. J. Duan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A steady-state dynamic model of a cable in air is put forward by using some tensor relations. For the dynamic motion of a long-span Cable-Driven Parallel Robot (CDPR system, a driven cable deployment and retrieval mathematical model of CDPR is developed by employing lumped mass method. The effects of cable mass are taken into account. The boundary condition of cable and initial values of equations is founded. The partial differential governing equation of each cable is thus transformed into a set of ordinary differential equations, which can be solved by adaptive Runge-Kutta algorithm. Simulation examples verify the effectiveness of the driven cable deployment and retrieval mathematical model of CDPR.

  9. Bulk Electrical Cable Non-Destructive Examination Methods for Nuclear Power Plant Cable Aging Management Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glass, Samuel W.; Jones, Anthony M.; Fifield, Leonard S.; Hartman, Trenton S.

    2016-09-13

    This Pacific Northwest National Laboratory milestone report describes progress to date on the investigation of nondestructive test methods focusing particularly on bulk electrical test methods that provide key indicators of cable aging and damage. The work includes a review of relevant literature as well as hands-on experimental verification of inspection capabilities. As nuclear power plants consider applying for second, or subsequent, license renewal to extend their operating period from 60 years to 80 years, it is important to understand how the materials installed in plant systems and components will age during that time and develop aging management programs to assure continued safe operation under normal and design basis events (DBE). Normal component and system tests typically confirm the cables can perform their normal operational function. The focus of the cable test program, however, is directed toward the more demanding challenge of assuring the cable function under accident or DBE. The industry has adopted 50% elongation at break (EAB) relative to the un-aged cable condition as the acceptability standard. All tests are benchmarked against the cable EAB test. EAB, however, is a destructive test so the test programs must apply an array of other nondestructive examination (NDE) tests to assure or infer the overall set of cable’s system integrity. Assessment of cable integrity is further complicated in many cases by vendor’s use of dissimilar material for jacket and insulation. Frequently the jacket will degrade more rapidly than the underlying insulation. Although this can serve as an early alert to cable damage, direct test of the cable insulation without violating the protective jacket becomes problematic. This report addresses the range of bulk electrical NDE cable tests that are or could be practically implemented in a field-test situation with a particular focus on frequency domain reflectometry (FDR). The FDR test method offers numerous advantages

  10. Bulk Electrical Cable Non-Destructive Examination Methods for Nuclear Power Plant Cable Aging Management Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glass, Samuel W. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Jones, Anthony M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Fifield, Leonard S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Hartman, Trenton S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2016-09-01

    This Pacific Northwest National Laboratory milestone report describes progress to date on the investigation of nondestructive test methods focusing particularly on bulk electrical test methods that provide key indicators of cable aging and damage. The work includes a review of relevant literature as well as hands-on experimental verification of inspection capabilities. As nuclear power plants consider applying for second, or subsequent, license renewal to extend their operating period from 60 years to 80 years, it is important to understand how the materials installed in plant systems and components will age during that time and develop aging management programs to assure continued safe operation under normal and design basis events (DBE). Normal component and system tests typically confirm the cables can perform their normal operational function. The focus of the cable test program, however, is directed toward the more demanding challenge of assuring the cable function under accident or DBE. The industry has adopted 50% elongation at break (EAB) relative to the un-aged cable condition as the acceptability standard. All tests are benchmarked against the cable EAB test. EAB, however, is a destructive test so the test programs must apply an array of other nondestructive examination (NDE) tests to assure or infer the overall set of cable’s system integrity. Assessment of cable integrity is further complicated in many cases by vendor’s use of dissimilar material for jacket and insulation. Frequently the jacket will degrade more rapidly than the underlying insulation. Although this can serve as an early alert to cable damage, direct test of the cable insulation without violating the protective jacket becomes problematic. This report addresses the range of bulk electrical NDE cable tests that are or could be practically implemented in a field-test situation with a particular focus on frequency domain reflectometry (FDR). The FDR test method offers numerous advantages

  11. Switching studies for the Horns Rev 2 wind farm main cable

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Flytkjær; Faria da Silva, Filipe; Bak, Claus Leth;

    2011-01-01

    sections with a total length of 57.7 km and a 42 km long submarine cable. The submarine cable is a three phase type of cable, and three single conductor cables are used for the land cable. Methods of recalculating the physical cable parameters, given in the data sheet, to parameters suitable for the cable......This article proposes a method of constructing a PSCAD model suitable for switching studies in a system containing long HVAC cables. The transmission network connection to the 215 MW offshore wind farm Horns Rev 2 is used as a case study. The connection to Horns Rev 2 consists of two land cable......, and the use of different cable models....

  12. Operation and Analysis on the Monitoring System of Strain at Tunnel Wall and Temperature Variation for KURT using Optical Fiber Sensor Cable

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koh, Young Kwon; Bae, Dae Seok; Kim, Kyung Su; Kim, Geon Young; Park, Kyung Woo [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jung Yul [Soam Consultant Co., Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-06-15

    Optical fiber cable, as a sensor, was attached and installed at the tunnel wall of KURT(KAERI Underground Research Tunnel) in order to monitor the stability over time. This monitoring system have two types of function to observe and measure including strain and temperature variation based on the distributed sensing techniques for not point sensing where the sensor cable are installed. Based on the results of two years monitoring from Jan. 2008 to Nov. 2009, there is no significant displacement or movement at the tunnel wall of KURT. However, the cumulative volume of total strain level shows the mild increasing pattern as time passes in comparison with the result of reference data, which was firstly measured in Jan. 2008. Especially, the strain level of several points, where have been being affected by saturation and de-saturation phenomena due to groundwater fluctuation, would be increased smoothly in comparison with the other part of the tunnel wall, but not large. By using this system, it could be supported to know a displacement or deformation showing a strain value with the range from 20{mu}{epsilon} to 28,000{mu}{epsilon}, which would be converted with the range from 0.02mm/m to 28mm/m and cover 30km with every 1m interval in minimum. In temperature, it also could be possible to notify a temperature variation for every 0.5m interval with 0.01 .deg, C resolution in minimum within the range of -160{approx}600.deg. C according to the cable types

  13. The Danish Superconducting Cable Project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, Ole

    1997-01-01

    The design and construction of a superconducting cable is described. The cable has a room temperature dielectric design with the cryostat placed inside the electrical insulation.BSCCO 2223 superconducting tapes wound in helix form around a former are used as the cable conductor. Results from...... measurements on cable conductor models are presented....

  14. The Coupling Effect of Spatial Reticulated Shell Structure with Cables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Jun; ZHOU Dai; FU Xu-chen

    2005-01-01

    The spatial reticulated shell structure with cables (RSC) is a kind of coupling working system, which consists of flexible cables, reticulated shell structure (RS) and tower columns. The dynamic analysis of RSC based on the coupling model was carried out. Three kinds of elements such as the spatial bar element, cable element and beam element were introduced to analyze the reticulated shell, cable and tower column respectively. Furthermore,such parameter influences as structural boundary conditions, grid configuration, the span-to-depth ratio and the arrangement of cable system upon structural dynamics were analyzed. The structural vibration modes can be divided into four groups based on some numerical examples. And the frequencies in the same group are very close while the frequencies in different groups are different from each other obviously. It is clear that the sequence of the appearance of the each mode group heavily depends on the comparative stiffness of the tower column system, RS and cables.

  15. Research and Design of On-line Monitoring System of XLPE Cable Based on Water Tree Phenomenon%基于水树枝现象XLPE电缆在线监测系统的研究与设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周笑阳; 杨建华; 卢伟

    2015-01-01

    基于交联聚乙烯(XLPE)电缆水树状老化的原理,直流分量法和交流叠加法是两种有效的XLPE电缆在线监测方法。设计了综合上述两种方法的在线监测系统,其中包括设计方案、系统构成、关键技术等。结果表明:设计的XLPE电缆在线监测系统能够反映运行中电缆绝缘的老化程度,实现了XLPE电缆的在线监测。%Based on the theory of water tree ageing of XLPE cable, the DC component method and AC superposition method are effective methods for on-line monitoring of XLPE cable. An on-line monitoring system of XLPE cable based on the above two methods was designed, which included design plan, system construction, and key technology. The experiment results show that the on-line monitoring system can reflect the ageing degree of the running cable, and realize the on-line monitoring of the cable.

  16. Study on the Configuration of Towed Flexible Cables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敏康; 张仁颐

    2003-01-01

    Based on the fundamental equation of flexible cable dynamics for a towed system, an easily solved mathematical model is set up in this paper by means of appropriate simplification. Several regular patterns of spatial motion of towed flexible cables in water are obtained through numerical simulation with the finite difference method, and then modification and verification by trial results at sea. A technical support is provided for the towing ship to maneuver properly when a flexible cable is towed. Furthermore, the relations between two towed flexible cables, which are towed simultaneously by a ship, are investigated. The results show that the ship towing two flexible cables is safe under the suggested arrangement of two winches for the towing system, and the coiling/uncoiling sequences of the cables as well as the suggested way of maneuvering.

  17. Modeling of cable vibration effects of cable-stayed bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The analysis of dynamic responses of cable-stayed bridges subjected to wind and earthquake loads generallyconsiders only the motions of the bridge deck and pylons. The influence of the stay cable vibration on the responses of the bridgeis either ignored or considered by approximate procedures. The transverse vibration of the stay cables, which can be significant insome cases, are usually neglected in previous research. In the present study, a new three-node cable element has been developed tomodel the transverse motions of the cables. The interactions between the cable behavior and the other parts of the bridgesuperstructure are considered by the concept of dynamic stiffness. The nonlinear effect of the cable caused by its self-weight isincluded in the formulation. Numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed model.The impact of cable vibration behavior on the dynamic characteristics of cable-stayed bridges is discussed.

  18. Aerodynamic stability of cable-supported bridges using CFRP cables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xin-jun; YING Lei-dong

    2007-01-01

    To gain understanding of the applicability of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) cable in cable-supported bridges, based on the Runyang Bridge and Jinsha Bridge, a suspension bridge using CFRP cables and a cable-stayed bridge using CFRP stay cables are designed, in which the cable's cross-sectional area is determined by the principle of equivalent axial stiffness.Numerical investigations on the aerodynamic stability of the two bridges are conducted by 3D nonlinear aerodynamic stability analysis. The results showed that as CFRP cables are used in cable-supported bridges, for suspension bridge, its aerodynamic stability is superior to that of the case using steel cables due to the great increase of the torsional frequency; for cable-stayed bridge,its aerodynamic stability is basically the same as that of the case using steel stay cables. Therefore as far as the wind stability is considered, the use of CFRP cables in cable-supported bridges is feasible, and the cable's cross-sectional area should be determined by the principle of equivalent axial stiffness.

  19. Magnet cable manufacturing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The superconducting magnets used in the construction of particle accelerators are mostly built from flat, multistrand cables with rectangular or keystoned cross sections. The superconducting strands are mostly circular but a design of a cable made of preflattened wires was proposed a few years ago under the name of Berkeley flat; such cable shows some interesting characteristics. Another design consists of a few smaller precabled wires (e.g. 6 around 1). This configuration allows smaller filaments and a better transposition of the current elements. The Superconducting Super Collider project involves the largest amount of superconducting cable ever envisaged for a single machine. Furthermore, the design calls for exceptional accuracy and improved characteristics of the cable. A part of the SSC research and development program is focused on these important questions. In this paper we emphasize the difference between the conventional cabling and wires with superconducting. A new concept for the tooling will be introduced as well as the necessary characteristics of a specialized cabler. 5 figs

  20. 30 CFR 77.605 - Breaking trailing cable and power cable connections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Breaking trailing cable and power cable... OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Trailing Cables § 77.605 Breaking trailing cable and power cable connections. Trailing cable and power cable connections between cables and to power sources shall not be...

  1. North Sea submarine cable disruptions and fishing activity

    OpenAIRE

    Hintzen, N.T.; Machiels, M.A.M.

    2014-01-01

    At the North Sea seafloor, numerous submarine cables are positioned that connect telecommunication networks between countries. Worldwide, human activities cause most of the cable disruptions with fisheries accounting for nearly half of all reported faults. Due to a recent increase of submarine cable disruptions in the central North Sea area, Global Marine Systems Ltd. requested IMARES to investigate a possible link between these occurrences and the recent gear switch of the Dutch –demersal be...

  2. Passive Control System for Mitigation of Longitudinal Buffeting Responses of a Six-Tower Cable-Stayed Bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fangfang Geng

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an investigation of mitigation of longitudinal buffeting responses of the Jiashao Bridge, the longest multispan cable-stayed bridge in the world. A time-domain procedure for analyzing buffeting responses of the bridge is implemented in ANSYS with the aeroelastic effect included. The characteristics of longitudinal buffeting responses of the six-tower cable-stayed bridge are studied in some detail, focusing on the effects of insufficient longitudinal stiffness of central towers and partially longitudinal constraints between the bridge deck and part of bridge towers. The effectiveness of viscous fluid dampers on the mitigation of longitudinal buffeting responses of the bridge is further investigated and a multiobjective optimization design method that uses a nondominating sort genetic algorithm II (NSGA-II is used to optimize parameters of the viscous fluid dampers. The results of the parametric investigations show that, by appropriate use of viscous fluid dampers, the top displacements of central towers and base forces of bridge towers longitudinally restricted with the bridge deck can be reduced significantly, with hampering the significant gain achieved in the base forces of bridge towers longitudinally unrestricted with the bridge deck. And the optimized parameters for the viscous fluid dampers can be determined from Pareto-optimal fronts using the NSGA-II that can satisfy the desired performance requirements.

  3. Potential applications of cable television (CATV) to the FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) communications mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilligan, D. D.; Abtahi, H.; Becker, J. R., Jr.; Frantz, S. W.

    1983-07-01

    The history, technology, economics, regulation and vulnerability to electromagnetic pulse (EMP) effects of cable television are examined. Recommendations are made concerning FEMA integration of cable television systems into the FEMA emergency communications system and the protection of cable television systems for EMP effects.

  4. Statics and Dynamics of Offshore Cable and Flexible Pipe Systems Statique et dynamique des câbles flexibles en mer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peyrot A. H.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available A new method for the static and dynamic analysis of offshore cable structures is presented. These structures may consist of floating platform, buoys, weights, anchors, etc. interconnected by arbitrary arrangements of cables and flexible pipes. Displacements or forces can be specified at any number of nodal points and wave or current interaction be simulated. The efficiency of the method is demonstrated by several applications: dynamic response of deep-water oil production platform, anchor drop, sonar towing, dynamic stiffness of mooring lines, tanker loading systems with flexible pipes, etc. Cet article présente une méthode de calcul pour les structures marines comportant des câbles et des tuyaux flexibles. La méthode est applicable à des réseaux de câbles ou de flexibles reliant des plates-formes flottantes, des bouées, des ancrages, etc. Des déplacements ou des forces peuvent être imposés en un nombre quelconque de nSuds. L'action du courant et de la houle est prise en compte. La méthode a été utilisée pour l'étude de nombreux systèmes de câbles et de flexibles. Les résultats indiquent une excellente performance des calculs proposés.

  5. 缆系海底观测网原型系统设计%Design of a prototype system for cabled seafloor observatory networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕枫; 彭晓彤; 周怀阳; 岳继光; 何斌

    2012-01-01

    A prototype system for cabled seafloor observatory networks was designed to continuously monitor the deep ocean with real-time and in-situ experiments. The system adopts up to 10 kV direct current power transmission and 100 Mb/s fiber-optic communication techniques. It consists of an undersea science node, an electro-optic submarine cable and a shore control station. The science node consists of an in-situ chemical analyzer, a dynamic environment monitor and a node junction box. The users could download science data from the data management subsystem in real-time , remotely monitor the instrument status with the power monitoring subsystem and carry out seafloor in-situ experiments. After tested under high pressure and in the laboratory tank for several times, the system has been operated stably in the East China Sea shallow water trial and the US Monterey Accelerated Research System (MARS) deep-sea experiment, and has obtained a large amount of high-resolution science data. Experiment results prove that the system design is reasonable and feasible, and the cabled seafloor observatory networks show advantages over traditional ocean observation approaches.%针对长期、实时和原位观测深海大洋的科学需求,设计了采用10 kV直流输电和100 Mb/s光纤通信的缆系海底观测网原型系统.该系统由海底科学节点、光电复合海缆和海岸控制基站组成,其中海底科学节点包括原位化学分析仪器、动力环境监测仪器和节点接驳盒.用户从数据管理子系统实时获取科学数据,从电能监控子系统远程监控仪器状态,进行海底原位实验.多次压力实验和水池联调后,该系统在中国东海浅海试验和美国蒙特雷湾海底观测网深海并网试验中运行稳定,从海底获取了大量高分辨率的科学数据.试验证明该设计合理可行,并体现缆系海底观测网较传统海洋观测方式有较大优势.

  6. Optimization and stability of a cable-in-conduit superconductor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The optimization process for strand number and diameter, cable void fraction, and Cu/NbTi-ratio of the cable-in-conduit conductor for the superconducting magnet system of the planned stellarator fusion experiment Wendelstein 7-X is presented. Main optimization criteria are stability and cable cooling requirements, taking into account transient disturbances and losses. A simple stability criterion regarding transient disturbances is used which is derived from cable compression experiments. The resulting data for the 16 kA, 6 T cable are: cable and strand diameter ∼11.5 mm and ∼0.57 mm, respectively, strand number ∼250, void ∼36%, and Cu/sc-ratio ∼2.7

  7. Optical Fiber Grating Sensor for Force Measurement of Anchor Cable

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Desheng; FU Jinghua; LIU Shengchun; SUI Lingfeng; FU Rong

    2006-01-01

    The development of the sensor suitable for measuring large load stress to the anchor cable becomes an important task in bridge construction and maintenance. Therefore, a new type of optical fiber sensor was developed in the laboratory - optical fiber grating sensor for force measurement of anchor cable (OFBFMAC). No similar report about this kind of sensor has been found up to now in China and other countries. This sensor is proved to be an effective way of monitoring in processes of anchor cable installation, cable cutting, cable force regulation, etc, with the accurate and repeatable measuring results. Its successful application in the tie bar cable force safety monitoring for Wuhan Qingchuan bridge is a new exploration of optical fiber grating sensing technology in bridge tie bar monitoring system.

  8. Electrothermal Coordination in Cable Based Transmission Grids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Rasmus Schmidt; Holbøll, Joachim; Gudmundsdottir, Unnur Stella

    2013-01-01

    Electrothermal coordination (ETC) is introduced for cable based transmission grids. ETC is the term covering operation and planning of transmission systems based on temperature, instead of current. ETC consists of one part covering the load conditions of the system and one covering the thermal...... behavior of the components. The dynamic temperature calculations of power cables are suggested to be based on thermoelectric equivalents (TEEs). It is shown that the thermal behavior can be built into widely used load flow software, creating a strong ETC tool. ETC is, through two case scenarios, proven...... to be beneficial for both operator and system planner. It is shown how the thermal behavior can be monitored in real-time during normal dynamic load and during emergencies. In that way, ETC enables cables to be loaded above their normal rating, while maintaining high reliability of the system, which potentially...

  9. BEHAVIOR OF ELASTIC TOWING CABLES IN SHEAR CURRENTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU Guo-xiang; LI Hong-bin; ZHANG Sheng-jun; YANG Yun-tao; XU Shi-hua; XIE Wei

    2005-01-01

    The formulation and solution of governing equations that can be used to analyse the three-dimensional behaviour of elastic towing cables subjected to arbitrary sheared currents were presented in this paper. The elastic cable geometry was described in terms of two angles, elevation and azimuth, which are related to Cartesian co-ordinates by geometry compatibility relations. These relations were combined with the cable equilibrium equations to obtain a system of non-linear differential equations. In the end, results for cable tension, angles, geometry and elongation are presented for example cases.

  10. Real Time Load Optimisation of Cable Based Transmission Grids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Rasmus Schmidt; Holbøll, Joachim; Guðmundsdottir, Unnur Stella

    2011-01-01

    Energinet.dk has launched an investigation of dynamic current ratings of cable based transmission grids, where both internal and external parameters are variables. The first topic was to investigate state of the art within calculating the current carrying capacity (ampacity or loadability......) of cables embedded in larger cable systems. Some recently published research has been concerned with dynamic loadability, but such researches are based on many assumptions. It is shown in the paper, that only limited research has been concerned with larger cable grids, and no remarkable work could been...

  11. Offshore Wind Farm Cable Connection Configuration Optimization using Dynamic Minimum Spanning Tree Algorithm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hou, Peng; Hu, Weihao; Chen, Zhe

    2015-01-01

    Anew approach, Dynamic Minimal Spanning Tree (DMST) algorithm, whichisbased on the MST algorithm isproposed in this paper to optimizethe cable connectionlayout for large scale offshore wind farm collection system. The current carrying capacity of the cable is considered as the main constraint....... It is amore economicalway for cable connection configurationdesignof offshore wind farm collection system....

  12. Correction coil cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Sou-Tien

    1994-11-01

    A wire cable assembly (10, 310) adapted for the winding of electrical coils is taught. A primary intended use is for use in particle tube assemblies (532) for the superconducting super collider. The correction coil cables (10, 310) have wires (14, 314) collected in wire arrays (12, 312) with a center rib (16, 316) sandwiched therebetween to form a core assembly (18, 318 ). The core assembly (18, 318) is surrounded by an assembly housing (20, 320) having an inner spiral wrap (22, 322) and a counter wound outer spiral wrap (24, 324). An alternate embodiment (410) of the invention is rolled into a keystoned shape to improve radial alignment of the correction coil cable (410) on a particle tube (733) in a particle tube assembly (732).

  13. Design for Intelligent Surveillance System for Submarine Cable Protection Against Anchors%海底电缆智能防锚损监视系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵秋亮; 刘玉良; 刘国平; 史令彬; 林晓波

    2012-01-01

    根据系统的需求分析,设计了一种用于海底电缆智能防锚损监视系统;首先给出设计方案并叙述系统工作原理;然后通过DM73021通信套件实现射频信号的接收、解调及解码,得到NMEA-0183HS格式的ASCⅡ信息数据;最后采用LabVIEW完成ASCⅡ信息数据的采集、解码、监视及显示;实际测试表明,该系统响应时间<1s,对有抛锚趋势的船舶能及时向海缆管理部门提出预警,满足系统功能要求.%According to the demands, the Intelligent Surveillance System is designed for Protecting Submarine Cables from Damage Caused by Anchors. First, the project on the design and the working principles of the system are offered. Second, ASCII information data in the format of NMEA - O183HS is acquired by receiving, demodulating and decoding RF signals with DM73021 (a communication kit). Third, the acquisition, decoding, monitoring and presentation of ASCII information data are performed by Labview. Experiments prove that the system can monitor and analyse intelligently the navigation conditions of ships in submarine cable areas against anchors to forewarn relevant departments promptly about the ships with the inclination to cast anchors.

  14. Flat conductor cable for electrical packaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angele, W.

    1972-01-01

    Flat conductor cable (FCC) is relatively new, highly promising means for electrical packaging and system integration. FCC offers numerous desirable traits (weight, volume and cost savings, flexibility, high reliability, predictable and repeatable electrical characteristics) which make it extremely attractive as a packaging medium. FCC, today, finds wide application in everything from integration of lunar equipment to the packaging of electronics in nuclear submarines. Described are cable construction and means of termination, applicable specifications and standards, and total FCC systems. A list of additional sources of data is also included for more intensive study.

  15. Computer-Aided Engineering Of Cabling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billitti, Joseph W.

    1989-01-01

    Program generates data sheets, drawings, and other information on electrical connections. DFACS program, centered around single data base, has built-in menus providing easy input of, and access to, data for all personnel involved in system, subsystem, and cabling. Enables parallel design of circuit-data sheets and drawings of harnesses. Also recombines raw information to generate automatically various project documents and drawings, including index of circuit-data sheets, list of electrical-interface circuits, lists of assemblies and equipment, cabling trees, and drawings of cabling electrical interfaces and harnesses. Purpose of program to provide engineering community with centralized data base for putting in, and gaining access to, functional definition of system as specified in terms of details of pin connections of end circuits of subsystems and instruments and data on harnessing. Primary objective to provide instantaneous single point of interchange of information, thus avoiding

  16. 30 CFR 75.607 - Breaking trailing cable and power cable connections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Breaking trailing cable and power cable... LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Trailing Cables § 75.607 Breaking trailing cable and power cable connections. Trailing cable and power cable connections...

  17. 智能化海底光缆监测系统的研究与设计%Research and Design of the Intelligent Monitoring System for Submarine Fiber Optic Cable

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘朔岐; 赵明; 项力

    2012-01-01

    建立完善的海底光缆监测系统对于快速查找故障点,提高海底光缆通信能力至关重要。基于对陆上光缆监测技术的详细研究,提出了一种针对海底光缆的智能化监测系统。介绍了该系统的架构设计、监测方式和功能设计,并对该系统进行了告警测试和路由基准曲线测试,测试结果表明该系统符合工程要求。希望该系统对于今后海底光缆监测具有一定的实用价值和参考意义。%Building up a perfect monitoring system for submarine fiber optic cable is greatly important for quickly seeking the fault point and improving the communication ability of submarine fiber optic cable.Based on the investigation of monitoring technologies for land fiber optic cable an intelligent monitoring system for submarine fiber optic cable is proposed.The architecture design,monitoring method and function design of the system are presented,and the alarm test and route benchmark curve test on the system are performed.The test results show that this system can meet the project requirements and has very great practical and reference value for monitoring the submarine fiber optic cable in the future.

  18. Comparison of cable ageing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plaček, Vít; Kohout, Tomáš

    2010-03-01

    Two cable types, which currently are used in nuclear power plants (NPP) and which are composed by jacket/insulation materials, i.e. PVC/PVC and PVC/PE, were exposed to accelerated ageing conditions, in order to simulate their behavior after 10 years in service. The cables were aged under two different test conditions: With relatively high accelerating ageing speed:Radiation ageing was carried out at room temperature at a dose rate of 2900 Gy/h, followed by thermal ageing at 100 °C. This accelerated ageing condition was fairly fast, but still in compliance with the standards. With moderate ageing speed:The radiation and thermal ageing was performed simultaneously (superimposed) at a dose rate of 2.7-3.7Gy/h and a temperature of 68-70 °C. Such a test condition seems to be very close to the radiation and temperature impact onto the cables in the real NPP service. Finally, mechanical properties were measured to characterize the ageing status of the cables. The purpose of this study was to compare degradation effects, derived from both ageing methods, and to demonstrate that results obtained from high values of accelerating parameters and from fast ageing simulation can be very different from reality. The observed results corroborated this assumption.

  19. Inductance and current distribution analysis of a prototype HTS cable

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project is partly supported by NSFC Grant 51207146, RAEng Research Exchange scheme of UK and EPSRC EP/K01496X/1. Superconducting cable is an emerging technology for electricity power transmission. Since the high power capacity HTS transmission cables are manufactured using a multi-layer conductor structure, the current distribution among the multilayer structure would be nonuniform without proper optimization and hence lead to large transmission losses. Therefore a novel optimization method has been developed to achieve evenly distributed current among different layers considering the HTS cable structure parameters: radius, pitch angle and winding direction which determine the self and mutual inductance. A prototype HTS cable has been built using BSCCO tape and tested to validate the design the optimal design method. A superconductor characterization system has been developed using the Labview and NI data acquisition system. It can be used to measure the AC loss and current distribution of short HTS cables.

  20. Non-linear stochastic response of a shallow cable

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jesper Winther; Nielsen, Søren R.K.

    2004-01-01

    The paper considers the stochastic response of geometrical non-linear shallow cables. Large rain-wind induced cable oscillations with non-linear interactions have been observed in many large cable stayed bridges during the last decades. The response of the cable is investigated for a reduced two......-degrees-of-freedom system with one modal coordinate for the in-plane displacement and one for the out-of-plane displacement. At first harmonic varying chord elongation at excitation frequencies close to the corresponding eigenfrequencies of the cable is considered in order to identify stable modes of vibration. Depending...... on the initial conditions the system may enter one of two states of vibration in the static equilibrium plane with the out-of-plane displacement equal to zero, or a whirling state with the out-of-plane displacement different from zero. Possible solutions are found both analytically and numerically. Next...

  1. 基于罗氏绕组传感器的电缆放电在线监测系统研究%Research on Cable Partial Discharge Online Monitoring System Based on Rogowski Coil Sensor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘名轶; 李广凯

    2013-01-01

    介绍罗氏绕组电流传感器的工作原理及电缆放电在线监测系统的结构、关键技术,通过试验及现场应用,分析10 kV电缆在针板放电、内部放电、悬浮放电、沿面放电4种典型放电模型下的放电情况,认为基于罗氏绕组传感器的电缆放电在线监测系统可以有效提取局部放电信号,直观地显示放电信息,实现XL PE电缆接头局部放电的在线监测。%This paper introduces the working principle of Ro-gowski Coil Sensor and the structure ,key technology of cable discharge online monitoring system ,analyzes inside the nee-dle plate discharge ,intenal discharge ,suspended discharge , creeping discharge of 10 kV cable ,through the experimental and application ,considers that the discharge cable online mo-nitoring system based on Rogowski Coil Sensor can extract the partial discharge signals effectively ,discharge visual in-formation ,achieve partial discharge online monitoring of ca-ble joint .

  2. Dynamic Loadability of Cable Based Transmission Grids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Rasmus Schmidt

    This thesis is the product of three years research within the field of dynamic loadability of cable based transmission grids. The report contains a summary of the three year PhD project which has been conducted in a collaboration between the Danish Transmission System Operator (TSO), Energinet...... and dynamic loadability of cables. Energinet.dk has also been the main location where discussions, about how to implement the ndings of the project into the real world, have taken place. At DTU most of the academical discussions within the project have taken place. This includes discussions about pure...... mathematical issues, cable technology and software technical problems. DTU was also the place where most of the experimental work, for verication of the theoretical models, took place. For the external stay, which is a mandatory activity to obtain a PhD degree from DTU, I visited Kinectrics in Toronto, Canada...

  3. Method for determining correction factors induced by irradiation of ionization chamber cables in large radiation field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A simple method was developed to be suggested to hospital physicists in order to be followed during large radiation field dosimetry, to evaluate the effects of cables, connectors and extension cables irradiation and to determine correction factors for each system or geometry. All quality control tests were performed according to the International Electrotechnical Commission for three clinical dosimeters. Photon and electron irradiation effects for cables, connectors and extention cables were investigated under different experimental conditions by means of measurements of chamber sensitivity to a standard radiation source of 90Sr. The radiation induced leakage current was also measured for cables, connectors and extension cables irradiated by photons and electrons. All measurements were performed at standard dosimetry conditions. Finally, measurements were performed in large fields. Cable factors and leakage factors were determined by the relation between chamber responses for irradiated and unirradiated cables. (author)

  4. Design procedure and operation experience of data acquisition and control system for 22.9 kV underground HTS power cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryoo, H. S.; Sohn, S. H.; Hwang, S. D.; Lim, J. H.; Choi, H. S.; Yatsuka, K.; Masuda, T.; Isojima, S.; Watanabe, M.; Suzawa, C.; Koo, J. Y.

    2007-10-01

    A new 100 m underground HTS cable system was planned for an experimental study in a real scale. The main targets of the project were the verification of the system application. Various types and multipoint analogue data including digital control sequence data were required to be measured. Because of the long operating period of the system cooling and warming sequence, very high operating stability was required. Additionally the economically designed main cooling facility was requested over-night manual operation. The basic function of the data acquisition and control system was the gathering of various type data and the control of test facilities include the cooling facility. Most effort of the design procedure was focused on making the automatic operation including under an emergency situation and the alerting of the emergency state to the operators staying even remote place. The main focus of this function was reducing of the operating man power, specially requested for over-night. So various emergency situations and scenarios were considered and analyzed for the automation operation.

  5. Reusable Hot-Wire Cable Cutter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pauken, Michael T.; Steinkraus, Joel M.

    2010-01-01

    During the early development stage of balloon deployment systems for missions, nichrome wire cable cutters were often used in place of pyro-actuated cutters. Typically, a nichrome wire is wrapped around a bundle of polymer cables with a low melting point and connected to a relay-actuated electric circuit. The heat from the nichrome reduces the strength of the cable bundle, which quickly breaks under a mechanical load and can thus be used as a release mechanism for a deployment system. However, the use of hand-made heated nichrome wire for cutters is not very reliable. Often, the wrapped nichrome wire does not cut through the cable because it either pulls away from its power source or does not stay in contact with the cable being cut. Because nichrome is not readily soldered to copper wire, unreliable mechanical crimps are often made to connect the nichrome to an electric circuit. A self-contained device that is reusable and reliable was developed to sever cables for device release or deployment. The nichrome wire in this new device is housed within an enclosure to prevent it from being damaged by handling. The electric power leads are internally connected within the unit to the nichrome wire using a screw terminal connection. A bayonet plug, a quick and secure method of connecting the cutter to the power source, is used to connect the cutter to the power leads similar to those used in pyro-cutter devices. A small ceramic tube [0.25-in. wide 0.5-in. long (.6.4-mm wide 13-mm long)] houses a spiraled nichrome wire that is heated when a cable release action is required. The wire is formed into a spiral coil by wrapping it around a mandrel. It is then laid inside the ceramic tube so that it fits closely to the inner surface of the tube. The ceramic tube provides some thermal and electrical insulation so that most of the heat generated by the wire is directed toward the cable bundle in the center of the spiral. The ceramic tube is cemented into an aluminum block, which

  6. 漏泄电缆自动检测系统研究%Research on automatic detection system of leaky cable

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海马; 于小强; 杨晖; ; 宋磊磊; 黄影平; 陆崚; 陈震宇

    2014-01-01

    In order to solve the problem of limitation and low efficiency in traditional leaky cable detection system , an automatic leaky cable detection system based on PSoC was introduced .First, based on requirements of detection system, PSoC was used to achieve data collection and motion control.Then, around hardware design and software process commenced the implementation of automatic test scheme .Finally, client PC software is used to complete remote automatic test.The experimental data show that communication rate can reach 2 Mbit/s through 2.4 GHz communication link, and bit error rate less than 2%.The deviation of instance accuracy is below 0.5%.These vi-tal characters basically meet requirements of system, such as stable, efficient and precision.%为了解决传统漏泄电缆检测系统的应用局限性及低效性,设计了基于片上可编程系统的漏泄电缆自动检测系统。根据漏泄电缆检测的功能需求,该系统利用PSoC4实现运动控制与数据采集,通过双无线射频芯片完成磁区通信。然后,利用硬件对测距脉冲计数弥补软件的不足。最后,通过上位机软件实现漏泄电缆远程自动检测流程。实验数据表明,2.4 GHz通信频段下,通信速率达到2 Mbit/s,通信误码率小于2%,并且150 m内系统测距误差小于0.5%。满足漏泄电缆自动检测系统的低成本、高效及精度高等要求。

  7. Measurement of rock mass deformation with grouted coaxial antenna cables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowding, C. H.; Su, M. B.; O'Connor, K.

    1989-01-01

    Techniques presented herein show how reflected voltage pulses from coaxial antenna cable grouted in rock masses can be employed to quantify the type and magnitude of rock mass deformation. This measurement is similar to that obtained from a combined full profile extensometer (to measure local extension) and inclinometer (to measure local shearing). Rock mass movements deform the grouted cable, which locally changes cable capacitance and thereby the reflected wave form of the voltage pulse. Thus, by monitoring changes in these reflection signatures, it is possible to monitor rock mass deformation. This paper presents laboratory measurements necessary to quantitatively interpret the reflected voltage signatures. Cables were sheared and extended to correlate measured cable deformation with reflected voltage signals. Laboratory testing included development of grout mixtures with optimum properties for field installation and performance of a TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry) monitoring system. Finally, the interpretive techniques developed through laboratory measurements were applied to previously collected field data to extract hitherto unrealized information.

  8. Method to improve superconductor cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borden, A.R.

    1984-03-08

    A method is disclosed of making a stranded superconductor cable having improved flexing and bending characteristics. In such method, a plurality of superconductor strands are helically wound around a cylindrical portion of a mandrel which tapers along a transitional portion to a flat end portion. The helically wound strands form a multistrand hollow cable which is partially flattened by pressure rollers as the cable travels along the transitional portion. The partially flattened cable is impacted with repeated hammer blows as the hollow cable travels along the flat end portion. The hammer blows flatten both the internal and the external surfaces of the strands. The cable is fully flattened and compacted by two sets of pressure rollers which engage the flat sides and the edges of the cable after it has traveled away from the flat end portion of the mandrel. The flattened internal surfaces slide easily over one another when the cable is flexed or bent so that there is very little possibility that the cable will be damaged by the necessary flexing and bending required to wind the cable into magnet coils.

  9. Identification of aeroelastic forces on bridge cables from full-scale measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Acampora, Antonio; Macdonald, J.H.G.; Georgakis, Christos

    2011-01-01

    Despite much research in recent years, large amplitude vibrations of inclined cables continue to be of concern for cable-stayed bridges. Various mechanisms have been suggested for their excitation, including rain-wind excitation, dry inclined cable galloping, high reduced velocity vortex shedding...... Bridge. The system records wind conditions and weather conditions, as well as accelerations of certain cables and a few locations on the deck and tower. Using state-of-the-art methods of output-only system identification, the vibration modes of the cables have been identified. From these modes...

  10. An Experimental Study on Non-Compression X-Bracing Systems Using Carbon Fiber Composite Cable for Seismic Strengthening of RC Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kang Seok Lee

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Cross-bracing (X-bracing is one of the most popular methods of seismic retrofitting, and has been shown to significantly increase the structural stiffness and strength of buildings. Conventional steel X-bracing methods typically exhibit brittle failure at the connection between the brace and the building, or buckling failure of the braces. This study investigated the structural properties of a new type of non-compression X-bracing system using carbon fiber composite cable (CFCC. This non-compression X-bracing system uses CFCC bracing and bolt connections between structural members and the terminal fixer of the CFCC, instead of conventional steel bracing. The aim is to overcome the brittle and buckling failures that can occur at the connection and bracings with conventional steel X-bracing methods. We carried out cyclic loading tests, and the maximum load carrying capacity and deformation were investigated, as well as hysteresis in the lateral load–drift relations. The test results revealed that the CFCC X-bracing system installed in reinforced concrete frames enhanced the strength markedly, and buckling failure of the bracing was not observed.

  11. EIGENFREQUENCY ANALYSIS OF CABLE STRUCTURES WITH INCLINED CABLES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    William Paulsen; Greg Slayton

    2006-01-01

    The approximate eigenfrequencies for the in-plane vibrations of a cable structure consisting of inclined cables, together with point masses at various points were computed. It was discovered that the classical transfer matrix method was inadequate for this task, and hence the larger exterior matrices were used to determine the eigenfrequency equation. Then predictions of the dynamics of the general cable structure based on the asymptotic estimates of the exterior matrices were made.

  12. Statics and Dynamics of Offshore Cable and Flexible Pipe Systems Statique et dynamique des câbles flexibles en mer

    OpenAIRE

    Peyrot A. H.

    2006-01-01

    A new method for the static and dynamic analysis of offshore cable structures is presented. These structures may consist of floating platform, buoys, weights, anchors, etc. interconnected by arbitrary arrangements of cables and flexible pipes. Displacements or forces can be specified at any number of nodal points and wave or current interaction be simulated. The efficiency of the method is demonstrated by several applications: dynamic response of deep-water oil production platform, anchor dro...

  13. A new monitoring method of cable tension of cable-stayed bridge-fiber Bragg grating method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xu-she; DU Yan-liang; NING Chen-xiao

    2005-01-01

    A new on-line monitoring method based on fiber Bragg grating (FBG) for cable tension of cable-stayed bridge was introduced. The major structure of sensing head using in the test of cable tension is elastic annular. The FBG is attached inflexibility to the exterior surface of annulus and form straight-through sensing head. Sensing headis installed between the anchor device and stow-board of funiculus holes of the cable-stayed bridge. Accompany with the change of the outside pressure, the Bragg center reflective wavelength of optical fiber grating changed correspondingly. According to this characteristic, through demodulating the△λ, the value of the cable tension can be determined. The experiment results and the theory indicate that the test system has simple structure, good stability and linear,wide response capacity, and has no special request for tester, The measurement method for the test of ca ble tension is practical and effective.

  14. Analysis of DC Power Transmission Using High Tc Superconducting Cables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun-Lian Zhang; Jian-Xun Jin

    2008-01-01

    A conceptual superconducting DC cable model is designed and its magnetic fields distribution is analyzed with Ansoft/Maxwell soft. A DC Power transmission system is also studied by using the Matlab/Simulink. With the DC Line and AC Ground Fault, the system losses analysis is introduced.The analysis results mainly include the magnetic fields distribution of the HTS cable model with Ansoft/Maxwell, the system loss, the DC Line and AC Ground Fault with Matlab/Simulation.

  15. Technology for long cable erection of a thousand-meter scale cable-stayed bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rao Huarong; Deng Huibin

    2009-01-01

    In the background of the construction of Sutong Yangtze River Bridge (short as Sutong Bridge), the cable construction method and techniques of a thousand-meter scale cable-stayed bridge are introduced. Some key construction techniques, such as outspreading cable on deck, installing cable at pylon, pulling and fixing cable at the attachment with decks and cable PE sheath protection are discussed.

  16. Fiber Optic Cable Thermal Preparation to Ensure Stable Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thoames Jr, William J.; Chuska, Rick F.; LaRocca, Frank V.; Switzer, Robert C.; Macmurphy, Shawn L.; Ott, Melanie N.

    2008-01-01

    Fiber optic cables are widely used in modern systems that must provide stable operation during exposure to changing environmental conditions. For example, a fiber optic cable on a satellite may have to reliably function over a temperature range of -50 C up to 125 C. While the system requirements for a particular application will dictate the exact method by which the fibers should be prepared, this work will examine multiple ruggedized fibers prepared in different fashions and subjected to thermal qualification testing. The data show that if properly conditioned the fiber cables can provide stable operation, but if done incorrectly, they will have large fluctuations in transmission.

  17. The Cable and Wireless approach to network synchronization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvert, Robert D.

    1990-01-01

    The philosophy adopted by Cable and Wireless for the synchronization of its world-wide network is presented. The architectures of some clock systems already deployed and how network synchronization had been implemented at selected locations are discussed. This includes some innovative designs as the network spans both first and third world countries with a combination of North Amercan and European hierarchy equipment. Different parts of the global network are linked together by a combination of terrestrial microwave, submarine cable and satellite technology. The impact of synchronization on Intelsat Intermediate Data Rate (IDR) operation and the restoration of submarine cable systems are addressed.

  18. Study on Impedance Characteristics of Aircraft Cables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weilin Li

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Voltage decrease and power loss in distribution lines of aircraft electric power system are harmful to the normal operation of electrical equipment and may even threaten the safety of aircraft. This study investigates how the gap distance (the distance between aircraft cables and aircraft skin and voltage frequency (variable frequency power supply will be adopted for next generation aircraft will affect the impedance of aircraft cables. To be more precise, the forming mechanism of cable resistance and inductance is illustrated in detail and their changing trends with frequency and gap distance are analyzed with the help of electromagnetic theoretical analysis. An aircraft cable simulation model is built with Maxwell 2D and the simulation results are consistent with the conclusions drawn from the theoretical analysis. The changing trends of the four core parameters of interest are analyzed: resistance, inductance, reactance, and impedance. The research results can be used as reference for the applications in Variable Speed Variable Frequency (VSVF aircraft electric power system.

  19. Non-cable vehicle guidance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daugela, G.C.; Willott, A.M.; Chopiuk, R.G.; Thornton, S.E.

    1988-06-01

    The purpose is to determine the most promising driverless mine vehicle guidance systems that are not dependent on buried cables, and to plan their development. The project is presented in two phases: a preliminary study and literature review to determine whether suitable technologies exist to justify further work; and an in-depth assessment and selection of technologies for vehicle guidance. A large number of guidance elements are involved in a completely automated vehicle. The technologies that hold the best potential for development of guidance systems for mine vehicles are ultrasonics, radar, lasers, dead reckoning, and guidance algorithms. The best approach to adaptation of these technologies is on a step by step basis. Guidance modules that are complete in themselves and are designed to be integrated with other modules can provide short term benefits. Two modules are selected for development: the dragline operations monitor and automated machine control for optimized mining (AMCOM). 99 refs., 20 figs., 40 tabs.

  20. Electromagnetic transients in power cables

    CERN Document Server

    da Silva, Filipe Faria

    2013-01-01

    From the more basic concepts to the most advanced ones where long and laborious simulation models are required, Electromagnetic Transients in Power Cables provides a thorough insight into the study of electromagnetic transients and underground power cables. Explanations and demonstrations of different electromagnetic transient phenomena are provided, from simple lumped-parameter circuits to complex cable-based high voltage networks, as well as instructions on how to model the cables.Supported throughout by illustrations, circuit diagrams and simulation results, each chapter contains exercises,

  1. Superconducting flat tape cable magnet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takayasu, Makoto

    2015-08-11

    A method for winding a coil magnet with the stacked tape cables, and a coil so wound. The winding process is controlled and various shape coils can be wound by twisting about the longitudinal axis of the cable and bending following the easy bend direction during winding, so that sharp local bending can be obtained by adjusting the twist pitch. Stack-tape cable is twisted while being wound, instead of being twisted in a straight configuration and then wound. In certain embodiments, the straight length should be half of the cable twist-pitch or a multiple of it.

  2. Fiber Optic Cable Assemblies for Space Flight 2: Thermal and Radiation Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, Melanie N.

    1998-01-01

    Goddard Space Flight Center is conducting a search for space flight worthy fiber optic cable assemblies that will benefit all projects at all of the NASA centers. This paper is number two in a series of papers being issued as a result of this task to define and qualify space grade fiber optic cable assemblies. Though to qualify and use a fiber optic cable in space requires treatment of the cable assembly as a system, it is very important to understand the design and behavior of its parts. This paper addresses that need, providing information on cable components shrinkage testing and radiation testing results from recent experiments at Goddard Space Flight Center.

  3. Back-to-Back Energization of a 60kV Cable Network - Inrush Currents Phenomenon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faria da Silva, Filipe; Bak, Claus Leth; Hansen, M. Lind

    2010-01-01

    Network, and force a change in the approach used until now when planning, analyzing and operating electrical power systems. One problem that might arise is the energization of cables in parallel, as this operation may originate high inrush currents, which represent a risk to the circuit breakers connected...... to the cables. The Danish utility ENV plans to install a new cable on its 60kV network, which will be installed in parallel with other cables already installed in the network. This paper summarizes the study made to calculate the inrush currents during the cable's energization, and its importance...

  4. 斜拉索-摩擦型阻尼器系统的阻尼特性分析%Damping characteristics of a stayed cable-friction damper system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧萍; 孙利民; 胡晓伦

    2016-01-01

    研究了采用非线性摩擦型阻尼器的斜拉索振动控制的阻尼特性。通过数值模拟斜拉索-摩擦型阻尼器系统的自由振动,分析了斜拉索位移时程曲线的衰减特征,系统模态阻尼比的变化规律以及拉索振动形状的变化。通过对拉索模态阻尼比的参数分析,得到了摩擦型阻尼器参数和拉索附加阻尼关系的通用设计曲线。研究了拉索-摩擦型阻尼器系统最大附加阻尼的取值,结果表明斜拉索的最大模态阻尼比依振动初始条件等参数影响分布在一个范围而非定值,其下限值仍高于采用线性黏滞阻尼器时所获得的最大模态阻尼比。最后将数值模拟结果与已有实索试验数据进行了对比,二者吻合良好。%Damping characteristics of a stayed cable nonlinear friction damper was studied.The free vibration of the cable-friction damper system was numerically simulated with the finite element method.The free vibration attenuation characteristics of the cable,the variations of the modal damping ratio of the system,and vibration shapes of the cable were analyzed.A universal design curve was proposed,it related the modal damping ratio of the cable to parameters of the damper when the effects of various parameters on damping were considered.The maximum additional damping of the system was studied.The results showed that the maximum modal damping ratio of the cable-friction damper is not a fixed value,but a range,and its lowest value is larger than that of an optimal passive linear viscous damper.The results of numerical simulation were compared with those of the actual test data,the former agreed well with the latter.

  5. Broadcast Service Areas, Cable, Published in Not Provided, US Army.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Broadcast Service Areas, Cable dataset as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided in Not Applicable coordinate system; in a Not Applicable...

  6. Design & production of physically foamingcoaxial cable for distribution systems%电缆分配系统用物理发泡同轴电缆的设计与制造

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    淮平

    2001-01-01

    介绍了电缆分配系统用物理发泡同轴电缆的结构与主要性能,阐述了其设计思路、工艺制造及关键设备要求。%The structure and main performance of physically foaming coaxialcables for distribution systems are introduced, and the requirements for cable design, processing technology, and key equipment are also described.

  7. 矿物绝缘伴热带在核电硼加热系统中应用%Overjacket selection for the mineral insulation heating cable in boron heating system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢垠西; 廖信全; 张甬; 徐微分

    2015-01-01

    核岛中的硼加热系统由伴热带、连接组件、监控系统组成,用来加热并维持硼酸溶液流过的管道、阀门和泵,以维持流体循环,防止硼酸结晶。矿物绝缘伴热带(以下简称MI伴热带)作为核电硼加热系统中应用最多的伴热带,在硼加热系统中有着重要的作用。文章分析了MI伴热带的性能特征,阐述了MI伴热带在核电硼加热中可能出现的具体情况,为核电硼加热系统伴热带的选用提供理论与实践依据。%Boron heating system which is used to avoid the Boron from crystallization in nuclear power plant contents heating cable,connections and controlling system. Mineral insulation heating cable is widely used in the system,for selecting the right cable,we have done the research on the overjacket.

  8. Development of Cable Ageing Detection System Based on Indenter Modulus%基于压痕模量的电缆老化状态检测系统的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘韬; 朱斌; 张涛; 刘士立; 徐洁; 惠兆宇

    2015-01-01

    A non-destructive detection system was designed to assess the ageing condition of low-voltage cable in nuclear power plant based on indenter modulus theory. The system used AM3517 as main chip to control and process data, the servo motor and sensors were used as movement and control devices, and the indenter modulus of cable sheath was calculated through linear fitting algorithm. The results show that the system can be applied to detect and assess the ageing condition of cable.%基于压痕模量理论设计开发了一种适用于核电厂低压电缆老化状态评估的无损检测系统。该系统采用AM3517作为主控芯片进行系统控制和数据处理,利用伺服电机和传感器作为运动及控制手段,配合线性拟合算法计算得到被测电缆护套的压痕模量。结果表明:该检测系统可以应用于电缆老化状态的检测和评估。

  9. Aerodynamic stability of cable-stayed-suspension hybrid bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xin-jun; SUN Bing-nan

    2005-01-01

    Three-dimensional nonlinear aerodynamic stability analysis was applied to study the aerodynamic stability of a cable-stayed-suspension (CSS) hybrid bridge with main span of 1400 meters, and the effects of some design parameters (such as the cable sag, length of suspension portion, cable plane arrangement, subsidiary piers in side spans, the deck form, etc.) on the aerodynamic stability of the bridge are analytically investigated. The key design parameters, which significantly influence the aerodynamic stability of CSS hybrid bridges, are pointed out, and based on the wind stability the favorable structural system of CSS hybrid bridges is discussed.

  10. Experimental study of EMP coupling to long shielded cable

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experiments of EMP coupling to shielded cable have been done in the horizontally polarized dipole radiator. The test system of the experiment and the measurement method are both introduced. The tested coaxial cable is under different conditions--the cable is above the ground or on the ground, both terminals are open circuit, short circuit or one is open and the other is short. The core and the sheath are connected via a resistance of 50Ω. The results of the experiments are analysed based on double transmission lines theory and good agreement is obtained

  11. Electrical Aging Phenomena of Power Cables Aged by Switching Impulses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L.Cao; A.Zanwar; S.Grzybowski

    2013-01-01

    Due to the insufficient information regarding the aging phenomenon of cables caused by switching impulses,we aged 15 kV XLPE and EPR cable samples by 10000 switching impulses in experiments and tested them.Plus in order to compare the aging phenomenon under multi-stress conditions,additional EPR cable samples were aged by rated AC voltage and current with switching impulses superimposed.We used measurements of partial discharge parameters to monitor the cables' conditions during their aging process,and the AC breakdown voltages measurement to evaluate the cables after aging.Moreover,the Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy measurements revealed the changes of insulation materials after aging.The measurement results confirm that the accelerated aging of cable samples had taken place.The impacts of each individual aging factor are shown through the selected measurements and comparison.The study also helps to assess the reliability of the XLPE and EPR cables under similar condition while serving in power systems.

  12. Cable Bacteria in Freshwater Sediments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risgaard-Petersen, Nils; Kristiansen, Michael; Frederiksen, Rasmus;

    2015-01-01

    In marine sediments cathodic oxygen reduction at the sediment surface can be coupled to anodic sulfide oxidation in deeper anoxic layers through electrical currents mediated by filamentous, multicellular bacteria of the Desulfobulbaceae family, the so-called cable bacteria. Until now, cable...... bacteria have only been reported from marine environments. In this study, we demonstrate that cable bacteria also occur in freshwater sediments. In a first step, homogenized sediment collected from the freshwater stream Giber Å, Denmark, was incubated in the laboratory. After 2 weeks, pH signatures...... marine cable bacteria, with the genus Desulfobulbus as the closest cultured lineage. The results of the present study indicate that electric currents mediated by cable bacteria could be important for the biogeochemistry in many more environments than anticipated thus far and suggest a common evolutionary...

  13. Photonic-powered cable assembly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanderson, Stephen N.; Appel, Titus James; Wrye, IV, Walter C.

    2013-01-22

    A photonic-cable assembly includes a power source cable connector ("PSCC") coupled to a power receive cable connector ("PRCC") via a fiber cable. The PSCC electrically connects to a first electronic device and houses a photonic power source and an optical data transmitter. The fiber cable includes an optical transmit data path coupled to the optical data transmitter, an optical power path coupled to the photonic power source, and an optical feedback path coupled to provide feedback control to the photonic power source. The PRCC electrically connects to a second electronic device and houses an optical data receiver coupled to the optical transmit data path, a feedback controller coupled to the optical feedback path to control the photonic power source, and a photonic power converter coupled to the optical power path to convert photonic energy received over the optical power path to electrical energy to power components of the PRCC.

  14. Horizon-T Experiment Calibrations - Cables

    CERN Document Server

    Beznosko, D; Iakovlev, A; Makhataeva, Z; Vildanova, M I; Yelshibekov, K; Zhukov, V V

    2016-01-01

    An innovative detector system called Horizon-T is constructed to study Extensive Air Showers (EAS) in the energy range above 1016 eV coming from a wide range of zenith angles (0o - 85o). The system is located at Tien Shan high-altitude Science Station of Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences at approximately 3340 meters above the sea level. The detector consists of eight charged particle detection points separated by the distance up to one kilometer as well as optical detector to view the Vavilov-\\v{C}erenkov light from the EAS. Each detector connects to the Data Acquisition system via cables. The calibration of the time delay for each cable and the signal attenuation is provided in this article.

  15. 云桂铁路南盘江特大桥扣锚素系统施工设计%Construction Design for Fastening-Anchoring Cable System of Nanpanjiang Bridge on Yunnan-Guangxi Railway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊秋林

    2013-01-01

    南盘江特大桥是云桂铁路全线的重难点控制性工程,也是世界铁路中斜拉扣挂+分环分段组合法模注拱圈混凝土最大跨度的混凝土拱桥,主桥为单跨416m上承式钢管外包混凝土拱桥.扣锚索系统主要由扣塔、扣点、扣索、锚索及锚碇系统组,扣塔由主体5号、6号交界墩、0号段及其上部钢塔组成;扣点利用Q345B钢板在劲性骨架上弦管节点位置焊接而成;扣锚索均采用7φ5 mm(φj15.24,Rby=1 860 MPa)钢绞线束;锚碇采用岩锚和桩基承台锚碇两种形式.利用此系统进行劲性骨架单节段整体斜拉扣挂悬臂拼装、斜拉扣挂+分环分段组合法模注外包混凝土,为解决高山深谷条件下大跨度钢管外包混凝土拱桥的安全快速施工提供了参考.%As a super major bridge, Nanpanjiang Bridge is an important and difficult control project on Yunnan-Guangxi Railway. With the longest span in this kind of bridges in the world, it belongs to the concrete arch bridge with casting arch ring concrete which was erected by cable-stayed fastening-hanging method plus piecewise combination method, and its main bridge is a deck type concrete-encased steel tube arch bridge with a span of 416 meters. Its fastening-anchoring cable system was made mainly from several subsystems, including the fastening tower, fastening point, fastening cable, anchoring cable and anchorage device. The fastening tower was composed of No, 5 and No. 6 border pier, No. 0 segment and upper steel tower. Q345B steel plate was welded at the tube joint of upper chord of the stiff frame and then was taken as the fastening point. Both the fastening cable and the anchoring cable were composed of 7φ5 (φj15. 24, Rby = 1 860 MPa) steel stranded wires respectively. Two anchorage methods including rock anchorage and pile cap anchorage were employed. With this system, the construction of the stiff frame by segmental cable-stayed fastening-hanging cantilever assembling method, and

  16. Application of Wireless Monitoring System to Structural Health Monitoring of Long-Spanned Cable-Stayed Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENG Qing-cheng; QI Xin; Li Qiao

    2007-01-01

    The remote monitoring system applied to the construction control and health monitoring of the Nanjing Third Yangtze River Bridge is introduced. The system makes it possible to get the structure capabilities and environmental parameters of the bridge at the predetermined moment. It sends the collected data over a long distance to an assigned position for display and analysis. The related methods and working condition of the wireless monitoring system are discussed. The measured data during 48 h are employed to determine the feasibility for the closure of the bridge.

  17. Seafloor geodetic reference station branched from submarine cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mochizuki, M.; Asada, A.; Ura, T.; Asakawa, K.; Yokobiki, T.; Iwase, R.; Goto, T.; Sato, M.; Nagahashi, K.; Tanaka, T.

    2008-12-01

    We launched a project supported by the Japan Society for the Science Promotion as the Grants in Aid for Scientific Research. In this project, we are aiming at developing new-generation seafloor geodetic observation system that conquers difficulties inherent with the current system. Central idea of this project is to utilize techniques of underwater robot (Autonomous Underwater Vehicle) and submarine cable to make measurements in place of using the research vessels. Combination of underwater robot and submarine cable make it possible to provide permanent seafloor reference point, to conduct the observation with selecting favorable condition of sea and GPS satellite distributions, to make much more frequent observations and to enable flexible planning of observation in response to sudden geodetic events. Prototype of the on-board system which should be installed on an AUV was finished. Several trials had been done with the system in the sea. The results from them showed that the new on-board system will reach to the higher level in performance than the current system in the near future. And then we started to dedicate ourselves mainly to developing new seafloor transponder. The current seafloor transponder system is stand-alone one which runs on internal batteries. We expect five to ten years for the lifetime of the current seafloor transponder, even though it depends on how often we perform measurements with the transponder. Replacement of the seafloor transponder will be needed when we target seafloor crustal deformation that has long time cycle more than several decades. Continuity of seafloor geodetic observation will be stopped. New seafloor transponder which we have been developing is one which can be connected to a submarine cable by wet-mate connectors. Power is supplied through submarine cable and then the new seafloor transponder will be a permanent reference station for seafloor geodetic survey. Submarine cable can supply accurate GPS time (1pps) and clock

  18. Cable Heating Effects due to Harmonic Distortion in Electrical Installations

    OpenAIRE

    Kevin O'Connell; Martin Barrett; Jonathan Blackledge; Anthony Sung

    2012-01-01

    The increasing use of non-linear loads in electrical installations has exacerbated the problems of harmonic distortion in industrial and commercial electrical systems. In the UK the current practice to determine the cable size for an electric circuit is to use BS7671. However, previously the 16th edition IEE Wiring Regulations only dealt with situations where cables attain the conductor temperature generated by sinusoidal currents at the fundamental power frequency. This paper outlines the me...

  19. Assessment of 69 kV Underground Cable Thermal Ratings using Distributed Temperature Sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stowers, Travis

    Underground transmission cables in power systems are less likely to experience electrical faults, however, resulting outage times are much greater in the event that a failure does occur. Unlike overhead lines, underground cables are not self-healing from flashover events. The faulted section must be located and repaired before the line can be put back into service. Since this will often require excavation of the underground duct bank, the procedure to repair the faulted section is both costly and time consuming. These added complications are the prime motivators for developing accurate and reliable ratings for underground cable circuits. This work will review the methods by which power ratings, or ampacity, for underground cables are determined and then evaluate those ratings by making comparison with measured data taken from an underground 69 kV cable, which is part of the Salt River Project (SRP) power subtransmission system. The process of acquiring, installing, and commissioning the temperature monitoring system is covered in detail as well. The collected data are also used to evaluate typical assumptions made when determining underground cable ratings such as cable hot-spot location and ambient temperatures. Analysis results show that the commonly made assumption that the deepest portion of an underground power cable installation will be the hot-spot location does not always hold true. It is shown that distributed cable temperature measurements can be used to locate the proper line segment to be used for cable ampacity calculations.

  20. Aging of nuclear power plant cables: in search of non-destructive diagnostic quantities

    OpenAIRE

    Verardi, Luca

    2014-01-01

    The safety systems of nuclear power plants rely on low-voltage power, instrumentation and control cables. Inside the containment area, cables operate in harsh environments, characterized by relatively high temperature and gamma-irradiation. As these cables are related to fundamental safety systems, they must be able to withstand unexpected accident conditions and, therefore, their condition assessment is of utmost importance as plants age and lifetime extensions are required. Nowadays, th...

  1. Assessment of NDE for key indicators of aging cables in nuclear power plants - Interim status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, S. W.; Ramuhalli, P.; Fifield, L. S.; Prowant, M. S.; Dib, G.; Tedeschi, J. R.; Suter, J. D.; Jones, A. M.; Good, M. S.; Pardini, A. F.; Hartman, T. S.

    2016-02-01

    Degradation of the cable jacket, electrical insulation, and other cable components of installed cables within nuclear power plants (NPPs) is known to occur as a function of age, temperature, radiation, and other environmental factors. System tests verify cable function under normal loads; however, the concern is over cable performance under exceptional loads associated with design-basis events (DBEs). The cable's ability to perform safely over the initial 40-year planned and licensed life has generally been demonstrated and there have been very few age-related cable failures. With greater than 1000 km of power, control, instrumentation, and other cables typically found in an NPP, replacing all the cables would be a severe cost burden. Justification for life extension to 60 and 80 years requires a cable aging management program to justify cable performance under normal operation as well as accident conditions. Currently the gold standard for determining cable insulation degradation is the elongation-at-break (EAB). This, however, is an ex-situ measurement and requires removal of a sample for laboratory investigation. A reliable nondestructive examination (NDE) in-situ approach is desirable to objectively determine the suitability of the cable for service. A variety of tests are available to assess various aspects of electrical and mechanical cable performance, but none of these tests are suitable for all cable configurations nor does any single test confirm all features of interest. Nevertheless, the complete collection of test possibilities offers a powerful range of tools to assure the integrity of critical cables. Licensees and regulators have settled on a practical program to justify continued operation based on condition monitoring of a lead sample set of cables where test data is tracked in a database and the required test data are continually adjusted based on plant and fleet-wide experience. As part of the Light Water Reactor Sustainability program sponsored

  2. A wireless smart sensor network for automated monitoring of cable tension

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As cables are primary load carrying members in cable-stayed bridges, monitoring the tension forces of the cables provides valuable information regarding structural soundness. Incorporating wireless smart sensors with vibration-based tension estimation methods provides an efficient means of autonomous long-term monitoring of cable tensions. This study develops a wireless cable tension monitoring system using MEMSIC’s Imote2 smart sensors. The monitoring system features autonomous operation, sustainable energy harvesting and power consumption, and remote access using the internet. To obtain the tension force, an in-network data processing strategy associated with the vibration-based tension estimation method is implemented on the Imote2-based sensor network, significantly reducing the wireless data transmission and the power consumption. The proposed monitoring system has been deployed and validated on the Jindo Bridge, a cable-stayed bridge located in South Korea. (paper)

  3. Recent monitoring of the Øresund Bridge: Observations of rain-wind induced cable vibrations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Acampora, Antonio; Georgakis, Christos

    2011-01-01

    In 1999, 2m amplitude cable vibrations were observed on the Øresund Bridge. The vibrations were attributed to a change in cable shape due to sleet accretion. Subsequent monitoring of the bridge, though, revealed other vibration events due to rain-wind induced mechanisms and parametric excitation...... dampers were installed on the longest and second longest cable pairs. Although the bridge has not suffered from any significant vibration events since the installation of the new damping systems, smaller amplitude vibrations are recorded from time to time. Peak to peak amplitudes of up to three cable...... (Svensson et al., 2004) – albeit of smaller amplitudes. After two significant cable vibration events, inspections of the cable anchorages revealed failures in the damping systems that had been installed to prevent oscillations. Improvements in the damping systems were introduced and additional tuned mass...

  4. A wireless smart sensor network for automated monitoring of cable tension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sim, Sung-Han; Li, Jian; Jo, Hongki; Park, Jong-Woong; Cho, Soojin; Spencer, Billie F., Jr.; Jung, Hyung-Jo

    2014-02-01

    As cables are primary load carrying members in cable-stayed bridges, monitoring the tension forces of the cables provides valuable information regarding structural soundness. Incorporating wireless smart sensors with vibration-based tension estimation methods provides an efficient means of autonomous long-term monitoring of cable tensions. This study develops a wireless cable tension monitoring system using MEMSIC’s Imote2 smart sensors. The monitoring system features autonomous operation, sustainable energy harvesting and power consumption, and remote access using the internet. To obtain the tension force, an in-network data processing strategy associated with the vibration-based tension estimation method is implemented on the Imote2-based sensor network, significantly reducing the wireless data transmission and the power consumption. The proposed monitoring system has been deployed and validated on the Jindo Bridge, a cable-stayed bridge located in South Korea.

  5. Temperature Dependence of PMD of the Optical Cables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, S.J. [Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Taejon (Korea)

    2000-03-01

    This report is relevant to the project {sup K}EPCO All-Optical Network Project{sup w}hich is being carried out by Computer and Communication Group in Power System Laboratory. This report is planned to be used as a reference guide for the PMD strategy of the KEPCO optical networks. The PMD of the optical cable installed in the air as OPGW is greatly affected by the environmental temperature change, unlike that of the optical cable installed underground. The variance was turned out to be 70% larger compared with that of underground optical cable and the time scale of the PMD was less than 5 min, in the worst case. Hence, the compensation technology should be chosen taking into account the properties of the aerial optical cables. (author). 6 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Free and forced convective cooling of pipe-type electric cables. Volume 1: forced cooling of cables. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chato, J.C.; Crowley, J.M.

    1981-05-01

    A multi-faceted research program has been performed to investigate in detail several aspects of free and forced convective cooling of underground electric cable systems. There were two main areas of investigation. The first one reported in this volume dealt with the fluid dynamic and thermal aspects of various components of the cable system. In particular, friction factors for laminar flow in the cable pipes with various configurations were determined using a finite element technique; the temperature distributions and heat transfer in splices were examined using a combined analytical numerical technique; the pressure drop and heat transfer characteristics of cable pipes in the transitional and turbulent flow regime were determined experimentally in a model study; and full-scale model experimental work was carried out to determine the fluid dynamic and thermal characteristics of entrance and exit chambers for the cooling oil. The second major area of activity, reported in volume 2, involved a feasibility study of an electrohydrodynamic pump concept utilizing a traveling electric field generated by a pumping cable. Experimental studies in two different configurations as well as theoretical calculations showed that an electrohydrodynamic pump for the moving of dielectric oil in a cable system is feasible.

  7. Advances in cables and outside plant for cable television and optical fibre local networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridle, Peter

    1986-11-01

    During 1985 Bristish Telecom commenced the installation of a number of cable television systems in the United Kingdom. One of these systems, in Westminster, London, is of the Switched Star type, developed by the British Telecom Research Laboratories. The network comprises optical fiber cable between the head-end and the cabinet-mounted switch, and coaxial cable between the switch and the customer. A number of new outside plant products have been developed to meet the special requirements of the Westminister installation. This earlier work, together with the experience gained from the installation of optical fibers in the British Telecom trunk and junction networks, formed an ideal basis for evolving the line plant necessary to enable BT to introduce singlemode optical fiber into the local network. A range of cables is being developed by UK companies, suitable for installing in the harsh environment of the local network. Joint organizers and flexibility nodes are being introduced, both for underground application and for within the exchange and customer's premises. In addition blown-fiber techniques are being used to introduce fiber into these networks.

  8. Analysis of Harmonic Vibration of Cable-Stayed Footbridge under the Influence of Changes of the Cables Tension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakos, Wojciech

    2015-09-01

    The paper presents numerical analysis of harmonically excited vibration of a cable-stayed footbridge caused by a load function simulating crouching (squats) while changing the static tension in chosen cables. The intentional synchronized motion (e.g., squats) of a single person or group of persons on the footbridge with a frequency close to the natural frequency of the structure may lead to the resonant vibrations with large amplitudes. The appropriate tension changes in some cables cause detuning of resonance on account of stiffness changes of structures and hence detuning in the natural frequency that is close to the excitation frequency. The research was carried out on a 3D computer model of a real structure - a cable-stayed steel footbridge in Leśnica, a quarter of Wrocław, Poland, with the help of standard computer software based on FEM COSMOS/M System.

  9. Development of polymer packaging for power cable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Sremac

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the issues of product design and the procedure of developing polymer packaging as one of the most important engineering tasks. For the purpose of packing power cables a polymer packaging has been designed in the form of drum. Packaging and many other consumer products are largely produced using polymeric materials due to many positive features. High Density Polyethylene is the type of polyethylene proposed for packaging purposes due to its low degree of branching and strong intermolecular forces. Transport and storage processes were automated based on the radio-frequency identification technology. The proposed system is flexible in terms of its possibility of accepting and processing different types of cables and other products.

  10. Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program: Evaluation of Localized Cable Test Methods for Nuclear Power Plant Cable Aging Management Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glass, Samuel W. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Fifield, Leonard S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Hartman, Trenton S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2016-05-30

    This Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) milestone report describes progress to date on the investigation of nondestructive test (NDE) methods focusing particularly on local measurements that provide key indicators of cable aging and damage. The work includes a review of relevant literature as well as hands-on experimental verification of inspection capabilities. As NPPs consider applying for second, or subsequent, license renewal (SLR) to extend their operating period from 60 years to 80 years it important to understand how the materials installed in plant systems and components will age during that time and develop aging management programs (AMPs) to assure continued safe operation under normal and design basis events (DBE). Normal component and system tests typically confirm the cables can perform their normal operational function. The focus of the cable test program is directed toward the more demanding challenge of assuring the cable function under accident or DBE. Most utilities already have a program associated with their first life extension from 40 to 60 years. Regrettably there is neither a clear guideline nor a single NDE that can assure cable function and integrity for all cables. Thankfully, however, practical implementation of a broad range of tests allows utilities to develop a practical program that assures cable function to a high degree. The industry has adopted 50% elongation at break (EAB) relative to the un-aged cable condition as the acceptability standard. All tests are benchmarked against the cable EAB test. EAB is a destructive test so the test programs must apply an array of other NDE tests to assure or infer the overall set of cable’s system integrity. These cable NDE programs vary in rigor and methodology. As the industry gains experience with the efficacy of these programs, it is expected that implementation practice will converge to a more common approach. This report addresses the range of local NDE cable tests that are or

  11. Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program: Evaluation of Localized Cable Test Methods for Nuclear Power Plant Cable Aging Management Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glass, Samuel W. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Fifield, Leonard S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Hartman, Trenton S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2016-05-30

    This Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) milestone report describes progress to date on the investigation of nondestructive test (NDE) methods focusing particularly on local measurements that provide key indicators of cable aging and damage. The work includes a review of relevant literature as well as hands-on experimental verification of inspection capabilities. As NPPs consider applying for second, or subsequent, license renewal (SLR) to extend their operating period from 60 years to 80 years, it important to understand how the materials installed in plant systems and components will age during that time and develop aging management programs (AMPs) to assure continued safe operation under normal and design basis events (DBE). Normal component and system tests typically confirm the cables can perform their normal operational function. The focus of the cable test program is directed toward the more demanding challenge of assuring the cable function under accident or DBE. Most utilities already have a program associated with their first life extension from 40 to 60 years. Regrettably there is neither a clear guideline nor a single NDE that can assure cable function and integrity for all cables. Thankfully, however, practical implementation of a broad range of tests allows utilities to develop a practical program that assures cable function to a high degree. The industry has adopted 50% elongation at break (EAB) relative to the un-aged cable condition as the acceptability standard. All tests are benchmarked against the cable EAB test. EAB is a destructive test so the test programs must apply an array of other NDE tests to assure or infer the overall set of cable’s system integrity. These cable NDE programs vary in rigor and methodology. As the industry gains experience with the efficacy of these programs, it is expected that implementation practice will converge to a more common approach. This report addresses the range of local NDE cable tests that are or

  12. Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program: Evaluation of Localized Cable Test Methods for Nuclear Power Plant Cable Aging Management Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glass, Samuel W. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Fifield, Leonard S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Hartman, Trenton S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2016-05-30

    This Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) milestone report describes progress to date on the investigation of nondestructive test (NDE) methods focusing particularly on local measurements that provide key indicators of cable aging and damage. The work includes a review of relevant literature as well as hands-on experimental verification of inspection capabilities. As NPPs consider applying for second, or subsequent, license renewal (SLR) to extend their operating period from 60 years to 80 years, it important to understand how the materials installed in plant systems and components will age during that time and develop aging management programs (AMPs) to assure continued safe operation under normal and design basis events (DBE). Normal component and system tests typically confirm the cables can perform their normal operational function. The focus of the cable test program is directed toward the more demanding challenge of assuring the cable function under accident or DBE. Most utilities already have a program associated with their first life extension from 40 to 60 years. Regrettably, there is neither a clear guideline nor a single NDE that can assure cable function and integrity for all cables. Thankfully, however, practical implementation of a broad range of tests allows utilities to develop a practical program that assures cable function to a high degree. The industry has adopted 50% elongation at break (EAB) relative to the un-aged cable condition as the acceptability standard. All tests are benchmarked against the cable EAB test. EAB is a destructive test so the test programs must apply an array of other NDE tests to assure or infer the overall set of cable’s system integrity. These cable NDE programs vary in rigor and methodology. As the industry gains experience with the efficacy of these programs, it is expected that implementation practice will converge to a more common approach. This report addresses the range of local NDE cable tests that are

  13. Numerical modeling of a spherical buoy moored by a cable in three dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Xiangqian; Yoo, Wan-Suk

    2016-05-01

    Floating facilities have been studied based on the static analysis of mooring cables over the past decades. To analyze the floating system of a spherical buoy moored by a cable with a higher accuracy than before, the dynamics of the cables are considered in the construction of the numerical modeling. The cable modeling is established based on a new element frame through which the hydrodynamic loads are expressed efficiently. The accuracy of the cable modeling is verified with an experiment that is conducted by a catenary chain moving in a water tank. In addition, the modeling of a spherical buoy is established with respect to a spherical coordinate in three dimensions, which can suffers the gravity, the variable buoyancy and Froude-Krylov loads. Finally, the numerical modeling for the system of a spherical buoy moored by a cable is established, and a virtual simulation is proceeded with the X- and Y-directional linear waves and the X-directional current. The comparison with the commercial simulation code ProteusDS indicates that the system is accurately analyzed by the numerical modeling. The tensions within the cable, the motions of the system, and the relationship between the motions and waves are illustrated according to the defined sea state. The dynamics of the cables should be considered in analyzing the floating system of a spherical buoy moored by a cable.

  14. Cable Inspection Robot System Design and the Dynamics Simulation Research%缆索检测机器人的系统设计与动力学仿真研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵淑娟; 周忆; 屠凯

    2012-01-01

    针对目前国内外斜拉锁缆桥表面缺陷检测机器人在实施检测任务时攀爬能力不理想这一实际状态,为进一步改进检测机器人工作过程中的稳定性、提高相应的驱动力矩,提出了一种新型的电驱动缆索检测机器人系统设计方案.基于三维建模软件Solidworks创建了缆索表面检测机器人虚拟样机,在ADAMS/View环境下对虚拟样机进行了运动学仿真分析,得出了合理的运动学参数,最后制作了物理样机并进行了试验.试验表明,该检测机器人的攀爬能力得到了明显的改进,为今后缆索表面检测机器人总体性能的改进和优化设计提供了重要的依据.%Aiming at the defects in the practice that the climbing ability of the cable surface inspection robot at working for inclined pulling cable bridge, both in domestic and from abroad at present, in order to raising its ability about steady and driving moment, a new system design of a light cable - stayed bridge detection robots driven by electricity is put forward. First, the fictitious model of the robot based on three - dimensional modeling software Solidworks was created. Then, the reasonable kinematics parameters by analysis under software ADAMS environment for the model were provided. At last, the experimental prototype was made and the experiment was done. The experimental results indicate that the climbing ability of the cable surface inspection robot is improved obviously. This can be very helpful reference for future cable robot to improve performance and optimize design.

  15. ELECTROSTATIC PROCESSES IN POWER CABLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.V. Bezprozvannych

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Observation of contact electrification of power cable samples is made. It is revealed that the contact potential difference and the capacity formed under separation of free charges on the surfaces of the contacting materials depend on cable design, applied materials, and inspection schemes. Time series of capacity drift and dielectric loss tangent caused by instability of triboelectric charging of the contacting surfaces are presented.

  16. NONLINEAR TRANSIENT RESPONSE OF STAY CABLE WITH VISCOELASTICITY DAMPER IN CABLE-STAYED BRIDGE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈水生; 孙炳楠; 冯义卿

    2004-01-01

    Taking the bending stiffness,static sag,and geometric non-linearity into consideration,the space nonlinear vibration partial differential equations were derived.The partical differential equations were discretized in space by finite center difference approximation,then the nonlinear ordinal differential equations were obtained.A hybrid method involving the combination of the Newmark method and the pseudo-force strategy was proposed to analyze the nonlinear transient response of the inclined cable-dampers system subjected to arbitrary dynamic loading.As an example,two typical stay cables were calculated by the present method.The results reveal both the validity and the deficiency of the viscoelasticity damper for vibration control of stay cables.The efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method is also verified by comparing the results with those obtained by using Runge-Kutta direct integration technique.A new time history analysis method is provided for the research on the stay cable vibration control.

  17. Heat loss analysis of a 10 kA warm dielectric HTS DC cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Shaotao; Xiao, Liye; Teng, Yuping; Song, Naihao; Gao, Zhiyuan; Zhu, Zhiqing; Liang, Xueming; Cao, Zhicheng; Zhang, Dong; Ma, Tao; Zhang, Hongen; Lin, Liangzhen

    2014-09-01

    A 10 kA/360 m warm-dielectric high-temperature superconducting direct current (DC) power cable system (10 kA cable), supported jointly the Chinese government and industrial enterprise, was developed and has been operating as a branch circuit to transmit power for a 320 kA aluminum electrolyzing production line for more than 10 months at an industrial plant in central China. Both the 10 kA cable and its supporting system of the cable system are introduced. The cryogenic system for the 10 kA cable adopts closed loop and the sub-cooled liquid nitrogen is forced to flow inside by a pump. The design of corrugated cryogenic envelope pipe is modularized and every independent module has two standardized joints, which makes it easy to integrate with the other pipes and the terminations. The heat loss sources and the structure including both the termination and the cryogenic envelope pipe of the 10 kA cable are discussed. The total heat loss of the 10 kA cable excluding the loss of cryogenic pipe for liquid nitrogen backward flowing is designed to be less than 1698 W at 10 kA, and the heat loss was compared and discussed with that of the aluminum bar. The field test and commissioning of the cable show that the 10 kA cable performs steadily and its heat loss is less than the expected value.

  18. Crosslinking of wire and cables with electron beam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the first electron beam accelerator was established in a wire and cable manufacturer in Japan, about 25 years have elapsed. First, the wires for electronic appliances insulated with cross-linked polyvinyl chloride, cross-linked polyethylene and cross-linked flame retardant polyethylene were produced with electron beam machines. Nowadays, large quantities of electron beam cross-linked materials such a PVC, PE, FRPE and flame retardant polyolefine are used for the insulation and jacket of electronic wires and cables. In this paper, the reason why the electron beam cross-linking production in wire and cable industry has increased year by year is discussed. 38 electron beam accelerator machines are used by 13 wire and cable manufacturers. The market share and the sales of wire and cable manufacturers are shown. The advantageous properties brought about by cross-linking are solder resistance, heat resistance and good mechanical properties. The results of main tests are reported. Electron beam cross-linked products are listed, most of which were approved by UL and CSA. The electron beam processing system for wires and cables, the technical and economical comparison of electron beam process with other competitive processes and radiation control are reported. (K.I.)

  19. Trend analysis of cables failure events at nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, 152 failure events related with cables at overseas nuclear power plants are selected from Nuclear Information Database, which is owned by The Institute of Nuclear Safety System, and these events are analyzed in view of occurrence, causal factor, and so on. And 15 failure events related with cables at domestic nuclear power plants are selected from Nuclear Information Archives, which is owned by JANTI, and these events are analyzed by the same manner. As a result of comparing both trends, it is revealed following; 1) A cable insulator failure rate is lower at domestic nuclear power plants than at foreign ones. It is thought that a deterioration diagnosis is performed broadly in Japan. 2) Many buried cables failure events have been occupied a significant portion of cables failure events during work activity at overseas plants, however none has been occurred at domestic plants. It is thought that sufficient survey is conducted before excavating activity in Japan. 3) A domestic age related cables failure rate in service is lower than the overseas one and domestic improper maintenance rate is higher than the overseas one. Maintenance worker' a skill improvement is expected in order to reduce improper maintenance. (author)

  20. A Protocol for Space Charge Measurements in Full-size HVDC Extruded Cables

    OpenAIRE

    Mazzanti, G.; G. Chen; Fothergill, J.; Hozumi, N; Li, J.; Marzinotto, M.; Mauseth, F.; Morshuis, P.; Reed, C.; Tzimas, A; Wu, K.

    2015-01-01

    This position paper, prepared by the IEEE DEIS HVDC Cable Systems Technical Committee, illustrates a protocol recommended for the measurement of space charges in full-size HVDC extruded cables during load cycle qualification tests (either prequalification load cycles or type test load cycles). The protocol accounts for the experimental practices of space charge measurements in the thick insulation of coaxial cables in terms of poling time, depolarization time, heating and cooling of spe...

  1. New Passive Methodology for Power Cable Monitoring and Fault Location

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Youngdeug

    The utilization of power cables is increasing with the development of renewable energy and the maintenance replacement of old overhead power lines. Therefore, effective monitoring and accurate fault location for power cables are very important for the sake of a stable power supply. The recent technologies for power cable diagnosis and temperature monitoring system are described including their intrinsic limitations for cable health assessment. Power cable fault location methods are reviewed with two main categories: off-line and on-line data based methods. As a diagnostic and fault location approach, a new passive methodology is introduced. This methodology is based on analyzing the resonant frequencies of the transfer function between the input and output of the power cable system. The equivalent pi model is applied to the resonant frequency calculation for the selected underground power cable transmission system. The characteristics of the resonant frequencies are studied by analytical derivations and PSCAD simulations. It is found that the variation of load magnitudes and change of positive power factors (i.e., inductive loads) do not affect resonant frequencies significantly, but there is considerable movement of resonant frequencies under change of negative power factors (i.e., capacitive loads). Power cable fault conditions introduce new resonant frequencies in accordance with fault positions. Similar behaviors of the resonant frequencies are shown in a transformer (TR) connected power cable system with frequency shifts caused by the TR impedance. The resonant frequencies can be extracted by frequency analysis of power signals and the inherent noise in these signals plays a key role to measure the resonant frequencies. Window functions provide an effective tool for improving resonant frequency discernment. The frequency analysis is implemented on noise laden PSCAD simulation signals and it reveals identical resonant frequency characteristics with theoretical

  2. Experimental Investigation on Aerodynamic Forces on Stay Cable and Rivulet by Using Forced Vibration System%基于强迫振动装置的拉索和水线气动力试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李寿英; 孙文峰; 陈政清

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the aerodynamic forces acting on the stay cable and the rivulet during rain-wind induced vibrations, a cable model with a diameter of 350 mm was made. And 5 cases of wind tunnel tests were carried out to measure wind pressures on the cable and rivulet by using forced vibration system. The effects of the rivulet and the test model vibrations on the mean and fluctuating wind pressure coefficients, the mean aerodynamic force coefficients and the power spectral density of fluctuating lift coefficients were systematically studied. Moreover, the validity of quasi-steady theory in rain-wind induced vibrations was checked out. The results indicate that quasi-steady theory can reflect the main characteristics of the wind forces on the cable and the rivulet; the oscillation of the rivulet and vertical vibration of the cable do not change their mean wind force coefficients, and there is a fast drop of mean lift coefficient at the attack angle of 60°; the oscillation of the rivulet on the cable surface heavily affects the fluctuating aerodynamic force coefficients, while the vertical vibration of the cable has a little influence; furthermore, the presence of the rivulet decreases the frequency of vortex shedding.%为了研究斜拉索风雨激振中拉索和水线上的气动力,制作了直径为350 mm的拉索模型,采用强迫振动装置,对粘贴水线的二维拉索进行了5种工况下的测压风洞试验.系统研究了水线的存在、模型竖向和扭转振动对拉索和水线的平均风压系数、脉动风压系数、平均气动力系数、脉动升力系数功率谱等的影响,并对准定常理论在风雨激振理论分析中的适用性进行了验证.结果表明:准定常理论能反映拉索和水线气动力的主要特征;拉索竖向振动和水线周向摆动基本不影响拉索和水线的平均气动力系数,拉索平均升力系数在60°风攻角处发生突降;水线的周向摆动对脉动气动力的影响很大,远

  3. Characterization of a cable-free system based on p-type MOSFET detectors for 'in vivo' entrance skin dose measurements in interventional radiology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Falco, Maria Daniela; D' Andrea, Marco; Strigari, Lidia; D' Alessio, Daniela; Quagliani, Francesco; Santoni, Riccardo; Bosco, Alessia Lo [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Molecular Imaging, Interventional Radiology and Radiotherapy, Tor Vergata University General Hospital, V.le Oxford 81, 00133 Rome (Italy); Laboratory of Medical Physics and Expert Systems, National Cancer Institute Regina Elena, V. E. Chianesi 53, 00144 Rome (Italy); Laboratory of Medical Physics and Expert Systems, National Cancer Institute Regina Elena, V. E. Chianesi 53, 00144 Rome (Italy); Laboratory of Medical Physics and Expert Systems, National Cancer Institute Regina Elena, V. E. Chianesi 53, 00144 Rome (Italy); Laboratory of Medical Physics and Expert Systems, National Cancer Institute Regina Elena, V. E. Chianesi 53, 00144 Rome (Italy); Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Molecular Imaging, Interventional Radiology and Radiotherapy, Tor Vergata University General Hospital, V.le Oxford 81, 00133 Rome (Italy); Department of Physics, Tor Vergata University, V. della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome (Italy)

    2012-08-15

    Purpose: During radiological interventional procedures (RIP) the skin of a patient under examination may undergo a prolonged x-ray exposure, receiving a dose as high as 5 Gy in a single session. This paper describes the use of the OneDose{sup TM} cable-free system based on p-type MOSFET detectors to determine the entrance skin dose (ESD) at selected points during RIP. Methods: At first, some dosimetric characteristics of the detector, such as reproducibility, linearity, and fading, have been investigated using a C-arc as a source of radiation. The reference setting (RS) was: 80 kV energy, 40 cm Multiplication-Sign 40 cm field of view (FOV), current-time product of 50 mAs and source to skin distance (SSD) of 50 cm. A calibrated PMX III solid state detector was used as the reference detector and Gafchromic{sup Registered-Sign} films have been used as an independent dosimetric system to test the entire procedure. A calibration factor for the RS and correction factors as functions of tube voltage and FOV size have been determined. Results: Reproducibility ranged from 4% at low doses (around 10 cGy as measured by the reference detector) to about 1% for high doses (around 2 Gy). The system response was found to be linear with respect to both dose measured with the PMX III and tube voltage. The fading test has shown that the maximum deviation from the optimal reading conditions (3 min after a single irradiation) was 9.1% corresponding to four irradiations in one hour read 3 min after the last exposure. The calibration factor in the RS has shown that the system response at the kV energy range is about four times larger than in the MV energy range. A fifth order and fourth order polynomial functions were found to provide correction factors for tube voltage and FOV size, respectively, in measurement settings different than the RS. ESDs measured with the system after applying the proper correction factors agreed within one standard deviation (SD) with the corresponding ESDs

  4. Identification of aeroelastic forces on twin bridge cables from full-scale measurements in skew winds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Acampora, Antonio; Macdonald, J.H.G.; Georgakis, Christos T.;

    2012-01-01

    Despite much research in recent years, large amplitude vibrations of inclined bridge cables continue to be of concern. Various mechanisms for the excitation have been suggested, including rain-wind excitation, dry inclined cable galloping, high reduced-velocity vortex shedding and excitation from...... the deck and/or towers. Since 2010, the Technical University of Denmark has been monitoring the vibrations of the twin inclined cables of the Øresund Bridge. From the acquired data, Georgakis and Acampora [1] showed that the cable aerodynamic damping can be determined for wind orthogonal to the twin cables...... of this paper is to identify the aeroelastic forces for in-plane and out-of-plane vibrations of bridge cables in dry conditions as in [2], but now for skewed winds. To achieve this, an output-only system identification employing the Eigenvalue Realisation Algorithm (ERA) [3] has been applied to selected...

  5. INFLUENCE OF CONSTRUCTIVE AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEFECTS ON COAXIAL RADIO-FREQUENCY CABLE IMPEDANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.V. Bezprozvannych

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Coaxial user's radio-frequency cables belong to a category of cable television network elements parameters of which essentially specify the system capabilities as a whole. The cable working frequency spectrum spreading to 1000 MHz along with digital television and soundtrack signals transmission and high-definition television introduction causes more rigid requirements for wave impedance and, consequently, for the cable design. The established norms on user's cable impedance deviations fail to answer the state-of-the-art requirements for granting a complex of interactive services. On the basis of calculations performed, values of internal and external conductor diameters deviations as well as dielectric permeability of the insulation material are validated. For up-to-date user's radio-frequency cables, the impedance deviation from the normalized average value of 75 Ohm should not exceed ± 2 Ohm.

  6. 47 CFR 76.611 - Cable television basic signal leakage performance criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... leakage integrity than the average of the system, the cable operator demonstrates compliance with a... results can be correlated to the VHF aeronautical band and (2) have an average power level equal to the average power level of the strongest cable television carrier on the system. (c) In paragraph (a)(1)...

  7. Resistive cryogenic cable, phase III. Final report, April 18, 1974--March 31, 1977

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1977-01-01

    Work performed during 3 years of research on development of a foam-insulated underground cryogenic power transmission cable is reported. Information is included on the cryogenic envelope investigation; evaluation and aging study of electrical insulation; test system specifications; and cable system design and cost studies. (LCL)

  8. Design of Measurement System for Electrical Tree in XLPE Cable Insulation at High Temperature%高温下交联聚乙烯电缆绝缘中树枝测试系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈向荣; 徐阳; 王猛; 杨文虎; 刘英; 曹晓珑; 刘景光

    2011-01-01

    An experimental system of electrical treeing in XLPE cable insulation at high temperature was designed. The electrical tree growth and partial discharge characteristics at different temperature in high voltage XLPE cable insulation were studied under 13 Kv power frequency voltages. The results indicate that the effect of temperature on the tree growth is dominant. The whole system can be used to the real-time observation of electrical tree growth and continuous partial discharge measurement at high temperature, which provides an experimental platform for studying the initiation and propagation mechanism of electrical tree in XLPE cable insulation as well as its partial discharge characteristics at high temperature.%设计了高温下交联聚乙烯(XLPE)电缆绝缘中电树枝化的实验系统,在外施工频电压有效值为13 kV下,对不同温度下高压XLPE电缆绝缘中电树枝生长及其局部放电特性进行研究,结果表明,温度对电树枝的生长具有重要影响,整个系统可以用于高温下电树枝生长过程的实时观测与局部放电连续测量,为研究高温下XLPE电缆绝缘中电树枝引发与生长机理及其局部放电特性分析提供了实验研究平台.

  9. Optical Measurement of Cable and String Vibration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Achkire

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a non contacting measurement technique for the transverse vibration of small cables and strings using an analog position sensing detector. On the one hand, the sensor is used to monitor the cable vibrations of a small scale mock-up of a cable structure in order to validate the nonlinear cable dynamics model. On the other hand, the optical sensor is used to evaluate the performance of an active tendon control algorithm with guaranteed stability properties. It is demonstrated experimentally, that a force feedback control law based on a collocated force sensor measuring the tension in the cable is feasible and provides active damping in the cable.

  10. Remote Monitoring System of Cable-less Seismograph Based on Wireless Network%基于无线网络的无缆地震仪远程监控系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓普; 林君; 杨泓渊; 赵玉江; 朱亚东洋

    2016-01-01

    针对地震数据采集过程中工作人员无法远程监测和控制仪器的问题,设计并实现了一种基于无线网络技术的无缆地震仪远程监控系统。该系统由无缆地震仪和主控中心两部分组成。无缆地震仪按照通信方式被分为普通节点和网关节点两种。普通节点通过WiFi连接到网关节点;网关节点通过蜂窝网络连入互联网,与主控中心建立TCP连接,主控中心完成对无缆地震仪工作状态的实时监控和地震数据质量的监测。经测试,基于无线网络的无缆地震仪远程监控系统具有良好的稳定性与实时性,能够在地震数据采集工作中使用。%Aiming at the problems in acquisition process of seismic data,such as staff members are unable to monitor and control instruments remotely,the remote monitoring system for cable-less seismograph based on wireless network technology is designed and implemented. The system consists of two parts, the cable-less seismograph and the main control center. The cable-less seismograph is divided into two types in accordance with the communication modes, one is with normal node,and another one is with gateway node. The normal node is connected to gateway node via WiFi, the gateway node is connected to Internet via cellular network for setting up TCP connection with main control center. The real time monitoring of the operation status of the cable-less seismograph and the detection of the quality of seismograph data are conducted in main control center. The tests show that the system possesses excellent stability and real time performance;it can be used in seismic data acquisition.

  11. F.C.S.I.O.: Fastbus Cable Segment Input Output

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This device is intended to connect the cable port of a Fastbus module to the cable segment. It has been developed in the context of the project of the buffer memory HFB developed at the L.P.N.H.E. Paris VI et VII for the DELPHI Outer detector Read out system. Using the FCSIO, the Cable Port of a Fastbus module does not need to convert the normal ECL signals to the differential one and vice versa on the board. This is done on FCSIO, saving in this way, space and a quite complete (except for the alimentations) symmetry between the crate and the cable side on the module

  12. The surface discharge and breakdown characteristics of HTS DC cable and stop joint box

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, W. J.; Kim, H. J.; Cho, J. W.; Kim, S. H.

    2014-09-01

    A high temperature superconducting (HTS) DC cable system consists of a HTS cable and cable joint. The HTS DC cable should be electrically connected in joint boxes because of the unit length of HTS cable is limited to several-hundred meters. In particular, the stop joint box (SJB) must be developed for a compact cooling system. Polypropylene laminated paper (PPLP) and epoxy maybe used as insulating materials for HTS DC cable and SJB. To develop a HTS DC cable, it is necessary to develop the cryogenic insulation technology, materials and the joint methods. In this paper, we will mainly discuss on the DC and impulse characteristics of epoxy and PPLP in liquid nitrogen (LN2). The surface discharge characteristics of epoxy included fillers, PPLP and epoxy with PPLP composite (epoxy + PPLP) were measured under 0.4 MPa. Also, the PPLP-insulated mini-model cable was fabricated and then DC, impulse and DC polarity reversal breakdown strength of mini-model cable under 0.4 MPa were investigated.

  13. Studying on design of the end to end regenerative optical fibre submarine cable systems%端对端的有中继海底光缆系统设计探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董向华

    2014-01-01

    The main difference and general requirements of repeaterless and regenerative optical fibre subma-rine cable system design are introduced briefly in this paper,the basic framework,main configuration and relat-ed instructions of the end to end regenerative optical fibre submarine cable communication system are intro-duced,the need to consider relevant content and calculation method of the optical path and power feeding de-sign of the regenerative system are put forward.%概要分析了无中继和有中继系统设计的主要区别和一般要求,介绍了端对端有中继系统的基本框架、主要配置及相关说明,提出了有中继系统光路和馈电设计中需要考虑的相关内容和计算方法。

  14. Field Demonstration of a 24-kV Superconducting Cable at Detroit Edison

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelley, Nathan; Corsaro, Pietro

    2004-12-01

    Customer acceptance of high temperature superconducting (HTS) cable technology requires a substantial field demonstration illustrating both the system's technical capabilities and its suitability for installation and operation within the utility environment. In this project, the world's first underground installation of an HTS cable using existing ductwork, a 120 meter demonstration cable circuit was designed and installed between the 24 kV bus distribution bus and a 120 kV-24 kV transformer at Detroit Edison's Frisbie substation. The system incorporated cables, accessories, a refrigeration system, and control instrumentation. Although the system was never put in operation because of problems with leaks in the cryostat, the project significantly advanced the state-of-the-art in the design and implementation of Warm Dielectric cable systems in substation applications. Lessons learned in this project are already being incorporated in several ongoing demonstration projects.

  15. Electromagnetic Transients in Power Cables

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Silva, Filipe Faria Da; Bak, Claus Leth

    as the shunt admittance matrix of a cable in function of the frequency. The chapter also introduces the different modes of a cable, how to calculate their impedance and velocity, as well as their frequency dependence. The knowledge of modal theory is of utmost importance when working in transient in cables....... It is true that in many cases, software is used to run simulations, and the reader may be tempted to think that only those designing the software need to know how to use modal theory. However, several phenomena require at least a minimum knowledge of the topic and for that reason, the book provides...... more powerful, the analyses started to expand for the more complex phenomena. Being old phenomena, electromagnetic transients are covered in many publications, and classic books such as the 40-year-old Greenwood’s ‘‘Electric Transients in Power Systems’’ are still used to this day. However...

  16. Development of the communication cable suspending robot. Automation of cable suspending works; Tsushin cable tsurika robot no kaihatsu. Cable tsurika sagyo no jidoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maeda, T. [Kansai Electaric Power Co. Inc., Osaka (Japan)

    2000-04-01

    The automatic communication cable suspending robot was developed. For disuse of dangerous stringers and improvement of suspending workability, adoption of the new mechanical high-speed labor-saving cable laying method was decided regardless of current communication cable laying methods. This robot can deal with automatic removal works of existing cable hangers which has been thought to be extremely difficult, and thus integration works of many cables by a cable hanger in cable additional installation work. For easy handling of the robot, the robot body is composed of 6 separated parts such as driving part, power source part, cable draw-in part, hanger attaching part, hanger removing part and hanger recovering part according to each function. For avoiding troubles with telephone lines and CATV lines in city areas, the size and mass of the robot were considered enough. After this, some verification tests on the robot effectiveness including performance test, workability test on dummy poles, and field test are scheduled. (NEDO)

  17. Chemical-Sensing Cables Detect Potential Threats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Intelligent Optical Systems Inc. (IOS) completed Phase I and II Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contracts with NASA's Langley Research Center to develop moisture- and pH-sensitive sensors to detect corrosion or pre-corrosive conditions, warning of potentially dangerous conditions before significant structural damage occurs. This new type of sensor uses a specially manufactured optical fiber whose entire length is chemically sensitive, changing color in response to contact with its target, and demonstrated to detect potentially corrosive moisture incursions to within 2 cm. After completing the work with NASA, the company received a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Phase III SBIR to develop the sensors further for detecting chemical warfare agents, for which they proved just as successful. The company then worked with the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) to fine tune the sensors for detecting potential threats, such as toxic industrial compounds and nerve agents. In addition to the work with government agencies, Intelligent Optical Systems has sold the chemically sensitive fiber optic cables to major automotive and aerospace companies, who are finding a variety of uses for the devices. Marketed under the brand name Distributed Intrinsic Chemical Agent Sensing and Transmission (DICAST), these unique continuous-cable fiber optic chemical sensors can serve in a variety of applications: Corrosive-condition monitoring, aiding experimentation with nontraditional power sources, as an economical means of detecting chemical release in large facilities, as an inexpensive "alarm" systems to alert the user to a change in the chemical environment anywhere along the cable, or in distance-resolved optical time domain reflectometry systems to provide detailed profiles of chemical concentration versus length.

  18. 基于网络综合布线的语音系统布线与连接教学探究%Research on Teaching of Voice System and Connection Based on Network Cabling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张贵元

    2015-01-01

    大对数语音线缆的端接与系统布线是网络综合布线的重要知识点,综合学生学情和教学目标,为了使学生全面系统的学习语音系统布线,实现教学与职业岗位接轨,基于工作流程设计教学过程,并采用在传统课堂的基础上运用微课翻转课堂和教学移动数字化相结合的模式组织教学,构建全新教学模式,提高教学质量,推行教育信息化。%Large number of voice cable terminal and system wiring are the important knowledge network cabling, integrates the students' learning and teaching objectives, in order to make the students comprehensive and systematic learning of phonological system wiring, teaching and occupation standards, based on work flow design of teaching process, and uses micro lesson flipped classroom based on traditional classroom, combined with the teaching mobile digital organization mode of teaching, builds a new teaching mode, which improves the quality of teaching, promotes education informatization.

  19. The Remote Power Feeding System for Submarine Cable Based on Power Branching Unit%基于电能分支单元的海底光缆远程供电系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王希晨; 周学军; 樊诚

    2011-01-01

    通过分析多分支海底光缆远程供电系统存在的技术瓶颈,研究和探讨了一种基于水下电能分支单元的设计方案。重点介绍了该分支单元的结构,详细分析了其工作原理,并利用PSPICE软件进行仿真分析,仿真试验数据验证了理论分析的正确性,表明该分支单元能够满足海底光缆远程供电系统的需求。%Through analyzing the bottleneck existed in the remote power feeding system for multi-submarine cable, a design scheme based on submarine power branching unit is studied and discussed. The structure of that branching unit is presented emphatically; the working principle of it is analyzed in detail It is simulated and analyzed using PSPICE software. The simulation data verify the correctness of the theoretical analysis, which sho.ws the branching unit an meet the needs of remote power feeding system for submarine cable.

  20. Impact of cross-tie design on the in-plane stiffness and local mode formation of cable networks on cable-stayed bridges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Javaid; Cheng, Shaohong; Ghrib, Faouzi

    2016-02-01

    Suppressing unfavorable stay cable vibrations using cross-ties is becoming more popular on cable-stayed bridges though the mechanics of the formed cable network is yet fully understood. In practice, the main task in designing cross-ties or cable networks is to choose the cross-tie installation location, stiffness and number based on the main cable properties in the network. To have a more comprehensive picture of how to choose these design parameters to achieve higher in-plane network stiffness while minimizing the number of excited local modes, it is imperative to examine dynamic behavior of cable networks with general configurations. In the current study, an analytical model of a general cable network consisting of multiple main cables interconnected by multiple lines of transverse flexible cross-ties will be developed. A new term, defined as the local mode cluster, will be introduced to assess the severity of local mode excitation. Criteria for identifying the presence of local mode cluster will be proposed. A parametric study will be conducted to evaluate the impact of cross-tie installation location, stiffness and number on the network modal response. Results obtained from the present study will provide deeper insight into the selection of these system parameters to achieve the combined benefits of increasing network in-plane stiffness and minimizing the excitation of local modes.

  1. Equalization of data transmission cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zobrist, G. W.

    1975-01-01

    The paper describes an equalization approach utilizing a simple RLC network which can obtain a maximum slope of -12dB/octave for reshaping the frequency characteristics of a data transmission cable, so that data may be generated and detected at the receiver. An experimental procedure for determining equalizer design specifications using distortion analysis is presented. It was found that for lengths of 16 PEV-L cable of up to 5 miles and data transmission rates of up to 1 Mbs, the equalization scheme proposed here is sufficient for generation of the data with acceptable error rates.

  2. Linear quadratic optimal controller for cable-driven parallel robots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdolshah, Saeed; Shojaei Barjuei, Erfan

    2015-12-01

    In recent years, various cable-driven parallel robots have been investigated for their advantages, such as low structural weight, high acceleration, and large work-space, over serial and conventional parallel systems. However, the use of cables lowers the stiffness of these robots, which in turn may decrease motion accuracy. A linear quadratic (LQ) optimal controller can provide all the states of a system for the feedback, such as position and velocity. Thus, the application of such an optimal controller in cable-driven parallel robots can result in more efficient and accurate motion compared to the performance of classical controllers such as the proportional- integral-derivative controller. This paper presents an approach to apply the LQ optimal controller on cable-driven parallel robots. To employ the optimal control theory, the static and dynamic modeling of a 3-DOF planar cable-driven parallel robot (Feriba-3) is developed. The synthesis of the LQ optimal control is described, and the significant experimental results are presented and discussed.

  3. Cable Voltage Measurement using OKITAI and OLU Submarine Cables for Monitoring Ocean Transport

    OpenAIRE

    Koga, Momoki; Liu, Cho-Teng; Villanoy, Cesar; Taira, Keisuke; 小賀, 百樹

    2005-01-01

    The OKITAI and OLU submarine cables cross the Kuroshio near the entrance into the East China Sea. They are old type co-axial copper cables and were retired from their commercial service in May 1997. For the scientific reuse of the cables, our cable voltage measurement was restarted in June 1998, after the settlement of the cable end facilities at the cable landing station, to monitor the variability of the ocean transport. This paper mainly describes the OKITAI and OLU cable facilities, the c...

  4. North American Submarine Cable Association (NASCA) Submarine Cables

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data show the locations of in-service and out-of-service submarine cables that are owned by members of NASCA and located in U.S. territorial waters. More...

  5. Aspen Notebook: Cable and Continuing Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adler, Richard; Baer, Walter S.

    This is the first of a planned series of Aspen Notebooks on cable television (CATV). Part I reports on research conducted by the Aspen Workshop on Uses of the Cable. It describes the status of continuing education and the history of educational television and explores the prospects created by cable's development for extending access to continuing…

  6. EMP coupling to multiconductor shielded cables

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method is presented for calculating EMP coupling to multiconductor shielded cables by electromagnetic pulse. The induced voltage of inner conductor of the SYV-50-7 cable and SYVZ-9 cable placed on the ground are computed. The computed results agree with those measured

  7. 30 CFR 18.45 - Cable reels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cable reels. 18.45 Section 18.45 Mineral... § 18.45 Cable reels. (a) A self-propelled machine, that receives electrical energy through a portable cable and is designed to travel at speeds exceeding 2.5 miles per hour, shall have a...

  8. 47 CFR 32.2421 - Aerial cable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Aerial cable. 32.2421 Section 32.2421... FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.2421 Aerial cable. (a) This account shall include the original cost of aerial cable and of drop and block wires served by...

  9. 47 CFR 32.2423 - Buried cable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Buried cable. 32.2423 Section 32.2423... FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.2423 Buried cable. (a) This account shall include the original cost of buried cable as well as the cost of other material...

  10. 47 CFR 32.2422 - Underground cable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Underground cable. 32.2422 Section 32.2422... FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.2422 Underground cable. (a) This account shall include the original cost of underground cable installed in conduit and...

  11. 21 CFR 890.1175 - Electrode cable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Electrode cable. 890.1175 Section 890.1175 Food... DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Diagnostic Devices § 890.1175 Electrode cable. (a) Identification. An electrode cable is a device composed of strands of insulated electrical conductors...

  12. What Do We Know about the Audience for Cable Television? A Uses and Gratifications Analysis of Cable Decliners, Basic Cable Subscribers, and Pay Cable Subscribers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradbury, David E., Jr.; Felsenthal, Norman A.

    How do cable television subscribers differ from those who choose not to subscribe to cable? A study employed the uses and gratification paradigm to construct a questionnaire that solicited data from 600 television households in the Dayton, Ohio market. The sample was stratified to assure that one-third of the households had cable available but…

  13. Evaluation of the applicability of the tube-type automatic fire extinguishing equipment to the cable fire

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to the examination standards related to fire protection for commercial nuclear power reactors and the supplementary facilities issued by Nuclear Regulation Authority in June 2013, a tube-type automatic fire extinguishing system for the cable fire, so called Fire-Erase (FE) system, will be implemented as early warning fire detection and extinction system to mitigate the fire damage to the cable trays for the safe shutdown functions. Therefore, it is necessary to acquire the demonstrative data for fire-extinguishing performance of FE system with respect to the cable tray fire. In this report, the cable fire suppression tests under over-current condition (2000A class) in the horizontal and vertical orientation were executed using the non-heat resistant high voltage power cables and the full-scale cable trays equipped with metal lid covered with fire-resistant sheet to prevent the leakage of fire extinguishing agent, and the effectiveness of the FE system was confirmed. (author)

  14. Comparison of the cable coupling effects under two kinds of HEMP environment

    CERN Document Server

    Sun Bei Yun; Xie Yan Zhao

    2002-01-01

    There are various kinds of HEMP environment definitions. The coupling effects of electronic system are more different under different HEMP environment. The responds of cable of different length are investigated under 1976 HEMP and 1996 HEMP environment. The results indicate that the cable coupling effects under 1976 HEMP environment are more serious than those under 1996 HEMP environment

  15. Reduction of Conducted Interference by Steel Armor in Buried Cables: Measurements and Modeling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steenstra, H.T.; Van Deursen, A.P.J.

    2008-01-01

    Switched-mode power supplies in variable-frequency drives often combine good electrical efficiency with generous production of conducted emission. The common-mode (CM) current through the output-to-motor cablemay perturb nearby systems via cable-to-cable crosstalk. Parameters relevant for the coupli

  16. Condition assessment of power cables using partial discharge diagnosis at damped AC voltages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wester, F.J.

    2004-01-01

    The thesis focuses on the condition assessment of the distribution power cables, which have a very critical part in the distribution of electrical power over regional distances. The majority of the outages in the power system is related to the distribution cables, of which for more than 60% to inter

  17. 47 CFR 76.1507 - Competitive access to satellite cable programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... programming. 76.1507 Section 76.1507 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST... access to satellite cable programming. (a) Any provision that applies to a cable operator under §§ 76... provides video programming on its open video system, except as limited by paragraph (a) (1)-(3) of...

  18. Laplace Synthesis Validation through Measurements on Underground Transmission Cables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uribe-Campos Felipe Alejandro

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Underground cable electrical parameters ZY as well as their modal propagation characteristics are highly frequency dependent which in certain cases turns its analysis difficult. To perform electromagnetic transient studies of cables the calculation of electrical parameters is essential to obtain the waves propagation solution through the multiconductor system. At the same time this requires to solve the inverse Laplace transform on a numerical form. Although the analytic Laplace transform has an indisputable accuracy, the application of its numerical version up-to-date has not been completely accepted. A complete methodology is developed in this work to guide analyst engineers or graduate students in the calculation of electromagnetic transients of underground cable systems. Finally, to help the validation of the numerical inverse Laplace transform a scaled prototype experiment is performed in the laboratory in which a transient step-response at the remote end of an energized conductor is measured.

  19. Nonlinear Dynamical Analysis for the Cable Excited with Parametric and Forced Excitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Z. Qian

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Considering the deck vibration effect on the cable in cable-stayed bridge, using nonlinear structure dynamics theory, the nonlinear dynamical equation for the stayed cable excited with deck vibration is proposed. Research shows that the vertical vibration of the deck has a combined parametric and forced excitation effect on the cable when the angle of the cable is taken into consideration. Using multiscale method, the 1/2 principle parametric resonance is studied and the bifurcation equation is obtained. Despite the parameters analysis, the bifurcation characters of the dynamical system are studied. At last, by means of numerical method and software MATHMATIC, the effect rules of system parameters to the dynamical behavior of the system are studied, and some useful conclusions are obtained.

  20. Power applications for superconducting cables in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, Ole; Østergaard, Jacob; Olsen, S. Krüger

    1999-01-01

    can be combined with other new technologies such as HVDC light transmission using isolated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs). The network needed in a system with a substantial wind power generation has to be very strong in order to handle energy fluctuations. Such a network will be possible...... in cases such as transmission of energy into cities and through areas of special interest. The planned large groups of windmills in Denmark generating up to 2000 MVA or more both on dry land and off-shore will be an obvious case for the application of superconducting AC or DC cables. These opportunities...

  1. Improving Energy Efficiency Cable Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iashutina Olga

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available During the energy calculation is made at different temperatures of the heating surface. The influence of the speed of pulling on the cost of the finished products of cable products. The interrelation of speed broaching and temperature of the heating surface.

  2. Concepts and methods of refrigeration for superconducting power transmission cables. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manatt, S.A.; Wapato, P.G.; Stanko, J.; Baumgartner, J.P.

    1976-06-01

    An analysis of refrigeration system requirements for the superconducting power transmission cables currently under study at the three principal US cable development centers indicates the need for cable system design considering the interrelated performance of the various cable system elements to successfully develop these systems for commercial operation in the 1990's. Hardware alternatives, compatible with the application timeframe, are evaluated to establish reliable refrigerator system design to a composite requirement typical of the range of refrigerator requirements presented by the cables currently under development. In addition, a methodology is presented and utilized to establish an estimate of hardware reliability and to evaluate redundancy requirements to a specific refrigerator system reliability allocation for a cable system used in previous cable development center studies. Reliability and performance of several compressor systems are evaluated. The oil-flooded screw compressor is felt to be the superior positive displacement compressor; however, the efficiency advantage resulting from preliminary design analysis of a multistage compliant toll process gas bearing centrifugal compressor system indicates a potential major operating cost reduction and the elimination of the need for oil lubrication and its subsequent cleanup requirements. Heat exchangers and expansion engines are evaluated. A preliminary design for a compliant foil process gas bearing permanent magnet turboalternator operating entirely at expansion turbine temperatures is discussed.

  3. The Researching for the Construction and Optimization of Cable TVs Service System%有线电视运营企业服务体系的构建与优化方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈强; 刘鹏; 王剑宇

    2012-01-01

    Chinese cable television has experienced transformation from analog TV to digital TV, from SD to HD and from one-way to interactive service. Many Cable TV operators have achieved accomplishment from extensive service to the fine services. There are many important factors which will benefit the construction of service system, for instance, reasonable construction of the organizational structure, quality service platform, and good customer service management system. It is crucial to optimize service system by deepening the manage- ment system, strengthening the service regulation, building flexible service mechanism and enhancing service concept. To improve the quality of cable television service and better service concept, the establishment and op- timization of the service system is the key factor as a way to win customers and keep sustainable development.%我国有线电视经历了从模拟电视到数字电视、从标清到高清、从单向到双向互动服务的转变,有线电视运营企业大都实现了由粗放服务到精细化服务的跨越。构建合理的企业组织架构,搭建优质的服务平台,建立完善的服务管理制度,加强用户服务管理是服务体系构建的重要因素;深化管理体制,加强服务监管,灵活服务机制,提升服务理念是服务体系得以优化的重要方法。为提升有线电视服务品质和升华服务理念,建立并不断优化服务体系成为有线电视运营企业赢得用户、持续发展的关键因素。

  4. Update of foundation design modifications of data cables and piping in nuclear power plants in operation; Actualizacion de modificaciones de sieno de bases de datos de cables y conducciones en centrales nucleares en operacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez Pereira, J.

    2013-07-01

    The scope of this application is the manage the life cycle of cables electrical and pipes of cables in Trillo NPP. The application is integrated in a configuration Control system, so both cables and conduits become elements of configuration and management of life and history associated with the of the relevant modifying documents. The guarantees criteria of physical separation of wires for jobs and for independent networks designed according to the redundancy of the Central System.

  5. Development of modular cable mesh deployable antenna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meguro, Akira; Mitsugi, Jin; Andou, Kazuhide

    1993-03-01

    This report describes a concept and key technologies for the modular mesh deployable antenna. The antenna reflector composed of independently manufactured and tested modules is presented. Each module consists of a mesh surface, a cable network, and a deployable truss structure. The cable network comprises three kinds of cables, surface, tie, and back cables. Adjustment of tie cable lengths improves the surface accuracy. Synchronous deployment truss structures are considered as a supporting structure. Their design method, BBM's (Bread Board Model) and deployment analysis are also explained.

  6. Aeolic vibration of aerial electricity transmission cables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avila, A.; Rodriguez-Vera, Ramon; Rayas, Juan A.; Barrientos, Bernardino

    2005-02-01

    A feasibility study for amplitude and frequency vibration measurement in aerial electricity transmission cable has been made. This study was carried out incorporating a fringe projection method for the experimental part and horizontal taut string model for theoretical one. However, this kind of model ignores some inherent properties such as cable sag and cable inclination. Then, this work reports advances on aeolic vibration considering real cables. Catenary and sag are considered in our theoretical model in such a way that an optical theodolite for measuring has been used. Preliminary measurements of the catenary as well as numerical simulation of a sagged cable vibration are given.

  7. Analysis of alternatives for using cable bolts as primary support at two low-seam coal mines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Esterhuizen Gabriel S; Tulu Ihsan B

    2016-01-01

    Cable bolts are sometimes used in low-seam coal mines to provide support in difficult ground conditions. This paper describes cable bolting solutions at two low-seam coal mines in similar ground conditions. Both mines used support systems incorporating cable bolts as part of the primary support system. Two original cable bolt based support systems as well as two modified systems are evaluated to estimate their ability to prevent large roof falls. One of the support systems incorporated passive cable bolts, while the other used pre-tensioned cable bolts. The results and experience at the mines showed that the mod-ified systems provided improved stability over the original support systems. The presence of the cable bolts is the most important contribution to stability against large roof falls, rather than the details of the support pattern. It was also found that a heavy steel channel can improve the safety of the system because of the‘sling’ action it provides. Additionally, the analysis showed that fully-grouted rebar bolts load much earlier than the cable bolts, and pre-tensioning of the cable bolts can result in a more uniform distribution of loading in the roof.

  8. 高压电力电缆接头温度无线检测控制系统设计%Design of High-Voltage Cable Jointed-node Wireless Monitor and Control System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学军; 王浩川

    2009-01-01

    It designs a type of high-voltage cable joints' faults monitor and control system based on technol-ogy such as wireless communication, single chip microprocessor, and virtual instrumental technology, etc. The system fulfills temperature data collection underground by low power consumption digital tem-perature sensor TMP100. The single chip microprocessor MSP430F149 analyzes and processes data as central core control unit. Wireless transceiver nRF401 realizes data communication, which the high-volt-age cable joints monitor and control system is carried out. The paper describes system structure, parts of hardware and software design in detail Experiments show that the system performs weU as expoected.%基于无线传输技术、单片机技术、虚拟仪器技术等设计了一种电力电缆中间接头故障检测控制系统,系统利用低功耗数字温度传感器TMP100实现地下电缆接头温度采集,单片机MSP430F149作为中央核心控制单元完成数据分析与处理,并通过nRF401无线收发器实现了数据无线传输.文章对系统部分硬件及软件设计进行了详细介绍.通过实验测试,系统较好地满足了设计要求.

  9. 低损耗大有效面积光纤在新一代海缆系统中的应用%Ultra low loss and large effective area fiber for the new generation submarine cable system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白新宇; 高军诗

    2014-01-01

    This article briefly introduces the technical requirements of optical fiber for N×100 Gbit/s DWDM system and explains the significance of ultra low loss and large effective area fiber in the new generation submarine cable system.%本文结合近年来国际海底光缆系统的发展情况,阐明了N×100 Gbit/s DWDM海缆系统对光纤的技术要求,说明了低损耗、大有效面积光纤在新一代海缆系统的应用及其发展前景。

  10. Self-healing cable apparatus and methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huston, Dryver (Inventor); Esser, Brian (Inventor)

    2007-01-01

    Self-healing cable apparatus and methods are disclosed. The cable has a central core surrounded by an adaptive cover that can extend over the entire length of the cable or just one or more portions of the cable. The adaptive cover includes a protective layer having an initial damage resistance, and a reactive layer. When the cable is subjected to a localized damaging force, the reactive layer responds by creating a corresponding localized self-healed region. The self-healed region provides the cable with enhanced damage resistance as compared to the cable's initial damage resistance. Embodiments of the invention utilize conventional epoxies or foaming materials in the reactive layer that are released to form the self-healed region when the damaging force reaches the reactive layer.

  11. Nonlinear response spectrums for cable-supported glass curtain walls

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Aiming at the seismic-resistant performance of cable-supported glass curtain walls, the methods for formulating nonlinear single degree of freedom system and calculating the nonlinear response spectrums are proposed. Taking pretension effect in cables and geometrical nonlinearity into account, the nonlinear acceleration spectrums are calculated under given conditions, such as site and different seismic fortification intensities. The seismic design response spectrums are developed. During vibrating, varying period due to the influence of pretension effect in cables and geometrical nonlinearity drives the maximum period of plateau in nonlinear response spectrums to move towards the long period zone, and the maximum of seismic effect coefficient is larger than that of current seismic code. The theoretical analysis and the example demonstrate that using the nonlinear response spectrums is safe and economical.

  12. Comparison of several innovative bridge cable surface modifications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kleissl, Kenneth; Georgakis, Christos T.

    into the effectiveness of helical fillets and pattern-indented surfaces has shown that, be-sides their purported ability to suppress rain-wind induced vibrations, they also modestly reduce drag forces at design wind velocities. This is of particular interest to bridge designers, as wind on stay planes of long......Over the last two decades, several bridge cable manufacturers have introduced surface modifications on the high-density polyethylene (HDPE) sheathing that is installed for the protection of inner cable strands or wires. The modifications are based on research undertaken predominantly in Europe...... and Japan, with two different prevailing systems: HDPE tubing fitted with helical fillets and tubing with pattern-indented surfaces. In the US and Europe, helical fillets dominate, whilst pattern indented sur-faces are more common in Asia, particularly for long-span cable-stayed bridges. Research...

  13. A Computational Framework for Cable Layout Design in Complex Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shang, Wei; Liu, Jian-hua; Ning, Ru-xin; Liu, Jia-shun

    The cable layout design in complex products has been challenging because of various strict constraints. In this paper, we present a computationalframework which provides a rich solution for the cable layout problems. The framework centers at the digital mockup of the product,and the digital model of the cable bundle in the productis introduced as an essential part. The design process in the framework is carried out in a virtual environment with a wide range of supporting techniques and tools integrated, including path planning techniques, physically-based model, assembly simulation techniques and more. The techniques and tools respectively emphasizeon different aspects in this problem domain. Besides, the designers play an important role in the framework. They drive the whole design process and make decisions with their knowledge on issues that current techniques cannot solve. A prototype system is developed and applied in practical product development process. The results show that the framework is practical and promising.

  14. Seismic Passive Control of Cable-Stayed Bridges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosam-Eddin M. Ali

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available A three-dimensional modeling procedure is proposed for cable-stayed bridges with rubber, steel, and lead energy dissipation devices. The passive control technique is investigated by considering the response of bridge models with and without energy dissipation devices. The impact of various design parameters on the seismic response of current and future bridge designs is studied. Appropriate locations and properties of the passive devices can achieve better performance for cable-stayed bridges by balancing the significant reduction in earthquake-induced forces against tolerable displacements. Proper design of passive systems can help provide solutions for retro-fitting some existing bridges.

  15. Ionizing radiation effects on ISS ePTFE jacketed cable assembly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koontz, S. L.; Golden, J. L.; Lorenz, M. J.; Pedley, M. D.

    2003-09-01

    Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), which is susceptible to embrittlement by ionizing radiation, is used as a primary material in the Mobile Transporter's (MT) Trailing Umbilical System (TUS) cable on the International Space Station (ISS). The TUS cable provides power and data service between the ISS truss and the MT. The TUS cable is normally stowed in an uptake reel and is fed out to follow the MT as it moves along rails on the ISS truss structure. For reliable electrical and mechanical performance, TUS cable polymeric materials must be capable of >3.5% elongation without cracking or breaking. The MT TUS cable operating temperature on ISS is expected to range between -100°C and +130°C. The on-orbit functional life requirement for the MT TUS cable is 10 years. Analysis and testing were performed to verify that the MT TUS cable would be able to meet full-life mechanical and electrical performance requirements, despite progressive embrittlement by the natural ionizing radiation environment. Energetic radiation belt electrons (trapped electrons) are the principal contributor to TUS cable radiation dose. TUS cable specimens were irradiated, in vacuum, with both energetic electrons and gamma rays. Electron beam energy was chosen to minimize charging effects on the non-conductive ePTFE (expanded PTFE) targets. Tensile testing was then performed, over the expected range of operating temperatures, as a function of radiation dose. When compared to the expected in-flight radiation dose/depth profile, atomic oxygen (AO) erosion of the radiation damaged TUS cable jacket surfaces is more rapid than the development of radiation induced embrittlement of the same surfaces. Additionally, the layered construction of the jacket prevents crack growth propagation, leaving the inner layer material compliant with the design elongation requirements. As a result, the TUS cable insulation design was verified to meet performance life requirements.

  16. Investigation on the vane cable suspension support system in the 2 .4 m Transonic Wind Tunnel%2.4米跨声速风洞条带悬挂支撑试验技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘大伟; 陈德华; 尹陆平; 李强; 师建元; 彭超

    2016-01-01

    The vane cable suspension support system in the CARDC 2.4 m Transonic Wind Tunnel was successfully developed for the sake of high stiffness,less support interference and fully simulation of a boat tail in this paper,the system includes test section,support system, control system,balance,standard model and attack angle mechanism.The flow filed calibration and standard model tests were conducted,interference of the support was obtained utilizing numerical and experimental methods.Aerodynamic characteristics of a typical airplane were obtained using this vane cable suspension support system,and were compared with the results obtained with single sting support.The interference of single sting was also achieved by the utilization of the suspension support and was compared with that of blade support.Results indicated that the vane cable suspension support system is successful,the short term repeatability of standard model is high,which meetsσCL ≤0.0012,σCD ≤0.00013,σCm ≤0.0005 while-2°≤α≤2°.Interference of the vane cable suspension support system is low at subsonic speed, which meetsΔCL≤0.005,ΔCD≤0.0008,ΔCm≤0.005 while M=0.6 and -4°≤α≤10°.%为提高大型飞机风洞试验时的支撑系统刚度、降低支撑气动干扰以及实现真实船尾后体流动的模拟,在2.4米跨声速风洞中建立了条带悬挂支撑试验系统.主要包括专用试验段、条带支撑机构、控制系统、天平设备、标模及半弯刀尾支撑机构研制等六部分.系统研制成功后,在2.4米跨声速风洞中开展了流场调试及标模试验,分别采用风洞试验和数值模拟方法获取了条带悬支撑的干扰量.在某飞机高速风洞试验中,采用条带支撑系统,获得了飞机模型的气动特性,并与尾撑试验结果进行了对比.以条带支撑为辅助支撑,得到了尾支撑干扰量,与腹撑试验结果进行了对比.研究结果表明,条带悬挂支撑系统具备型号应用条

  17. Cable Fault Traveling Wave on Line Monitoring System Based on LabVIEW%基于LabVIEW的电缆故障行波在线监测系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段金英

    2011-01-01

    The buried cables effected by complex, uneven electric field and thermal field, the surrounding environment and many other factors,has high rate of accidents. This paper presented a better real-time monitoring system,with the use of the development platform of National Instruments Corporation Lab VIEW virtual instrument and data acquisition cards, collects the continuous voltage,current of cable line and other parameters,to monitor the operation of transmission lines,The monitoring system realizes the fault current on-line monitoring through the device at the scene access to the Hall sensor cable voltage and current signals from the data acquisition card on the fault wave pop electric high-speed sampling and storage control, with the use of graphical programming language designed to monitor PC interface. Experimental results show that the system can accurately record fault current waveforms, amplitude, provide important data analysis of fault type and location.%针对埋地电缆敷设复杂,发生事故率高的情况,提出了使用LabVIEW和数据采集卡,不间断采集电缆线路上的电压、电流等参数,监视输电线路运行状况,并通过TCP节点,构建了一个实时性较好的监测系统.该监控系统通过装在现场的霍尔传感器获取电缆的电压电流信号,由数据采集卡对故障电流行波进行高速采样和存储控制,利用具有图形化的编程语言设计上位机监控界面,实现了故障电流的在线监测.试验结果表明:该系统能够准确地记录故障电流波形、幅值,为故障类型分析和定位提供了重要数据.

  18. AIS-assisted All Weather Monitoring System for Submarine Cable Safety%一种AIS辅助的全天候海底电缆安全监控系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴飞龙; 李星蓉; 李永倩; 郑小莉

    2013-01-01

    It is an effective means to avoid anchor harm that the passing ships above the submarine cable are monitored all-weather and real-time.In order to realize the safety monitoring of the 3.5 km-long 110 kV power-optical fiber composite submarine cable in Pingtan Electric Power Bureau in FuJian Province,a long-distance and all-weather video surveillance system composed of an infrared thermal imager and a visible light camera with a telephoto lens is designed in this paper.A grid division method is proposed in which the surveillance area is divided into grids and a shipborne AIS transmitter is used to get the longitude and latitude of different grid areas on the sea for camera PTZ preset position setting.The collaborative work of the system is realized which is based on the data fusion processing of video information and AIS information by the server software.The site test results show that the system performances meet the requirements of all-weather and real-time monitoring of the 3.5 km-long power-optical fiber composite submarine cable.%对海底电缆上方过往船舶的全天候实时监测是避免锚害的有效手段,根据福建平潭跨海电网110 kV光电复合海底电缆安全监控的迫切需要,设计了一种红外热成像仪与加长焦大镜头的可见光摄像机相结合的长距离、全天候视频监控系统;提出了一种通过用AIS作为辅助对所监视海域进行网格划分来设置摄像机云台预置位的方法;通过服务器后台软件对视频信号、AIS信息进行数据融合处理,实现了系统的联动工作.现场运行实验结果表明,系统性能满足对3.5 km光电复合海缆全天候监测的要求.

  19. The multi service cable network along a natural gas network for urban distribution; Reseau cable multiservice associe a un reseau de gaz naturel pour la consommation publique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Markovic, D.; Krsmanovic, Z. [NIS-Energogas (Yugoslavia)

    2000-07-01

    The paper discusses parallel construction and development of natural gas and telecommunications projects in Europe, with an emphasis on the situation in FR Yugoslavia. Deregulation of postal services has created an opportunity for joint construction of multipurpose cable networks and gas distribution systems. Advantages are shown of such joint construction of gas pipeline and cable systems, and the strategy of further development of telecommunications and gas supply projects in FR Yugoslavia is presented. (authors)

  20. The new star of cable TV: smart cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, S

    1994-05-01

    Cable television viewers in New York are tuning in to an unusual new ad campaign for health care smart cards. Berdy Medical Systems Inc. of Rochelle Park, N.J., is running the ads in the hopes that card-carrying consumers will press their physicians and hospitals to jump on the automation bandwagon and buy electronic records software. PMID:10141195

  1. Analysis of Statistical Distributions of Energization Overvoltages of EHV Cables

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ohno, Teruo; Ametani, Akihiro; Bak, Claus Leth;

    Insulation levels of EHV systems have been determined based on the statistical distribution of switching overvoltages since 1970s when the statistical distribution was found for overhead lines. Responding to an increase in the planned and installed EHV cables, the authors have derived the statist...

  2. 75 FR 66798 - Distribution of the 2008 Cable Royalty Funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ...-the-air television and radio broadcast signals. See 17 U.S.C. 111(d). These royalties are then...'' are the Program Suppliers, Joint Sports Claimants, Public Television Claimants, Commercial Television... cable systems. The categories have traditionally been movies and syndicated television series,...

  3. 76 FR 55122 - Distribution of the 2009 Cable Royalty Funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    ...-the-air television and radio broadcast signals. See 17 U.S.C. 111(d). These royalties are then... Program Suppliers, Joint Sports Claimants, Public Television Claimants, Commercial Television Claimants... cable systems. The categories have traditionally been movies and syndicated television series,...

  4. Offshore wind farm export cable current rating optimisation

    OpenAIRE

    Pilgrim, James; Catmull, Simon; Chippendale, Richard; Tyreman, Richard; Lewin, Paul

    2013-01-01

    The appropriate sizing of subsea export systems for offshore wind farms presents a number of challenges when striking an appropriate balance between design conservatism and cost effectiveness. Several areas of potential conservatism have been investigated through numerical modelling that has been backed by data that has been obtained from experimental 132kV 3-phase submarine cable.

  5. Dynamical analysis of transmission line cables. Part 3—Nonlinear theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbieri, Renato; Barbieri, Nilson; de Souza Júnior, Oswaldo Honorato

    2008-05-01

    In this work the authors use nonlinear mathematical models for simulation of the dynamical behavior of transmission lines cables. The numerical models are obtained through the finite element method. For validation of the mathematical nonlinear models, the simulated results are compared with experimental data obtained in an automated testing system for overhead line cables. Many sample lengths and load situations were used. The forced response is obtained through an impulsive excitation (impact hammer) or electromechanical shaker and, the vibration signals are collected through accelerometers placed along the half sample. The eigenbehavior is analyzed using the Irvine parameter for straight and inclinated cables. It also showed the numeric and experimental dynamical behavior results for the load cable fluctuation in function of the excitation frequency, the influence of concentrated mass of straight cable and the beat condition.

  6. Non-invasive monitoring of underground power cables using Gaussian-enveloped chirp reflectometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we introduce non-invasive Gaussian-enveloped linear chirp (GELC) reflectometry for the diagnosis of live underground power cables. The GELC reflectometry system transmits the incident signal to live underground power cables via an inductive coupler. To improve the spatial resolution of the GELC reflectometry, we used the multiple signal classification method, which is a super-resolution method. An equalizer, which is based on Wiener filtering, is used to compensate for the signal distortion due to the propagation characteristics of underground power cables and inductive couplers. The proposed method makes it possible to detect impedance discontinuities in live underground power cables with high spatial resolution. Experiments to find the impedance discontinuity in a live underground power cable were conducted to verify the performance of the proposed method. (paper)

  7. Cell-cycle regulation of formin-mediated actin cable assembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miao, Yansong; Wong, Catherine C L; Mennella, Vito; Michelot, Alphée; Agard, David A; Holt, Liam J; Yates, John R; Drubin, David G

    2013-11-19

    Assembly of appropriately oriented actin cables nucleated by formin proteins is necessary for many biological processes in diverse eukaryotes. However, compared with knowledge of how nucleation of dendritic actin filament arrays by the actin-related protein-2/3 complex is regulated, the in vivo regulatory mechanisms for actin cable formation are less clear. To gain insights into mechanisms for regulating actin cable assembly, we reconstituted the assembly process in vitro by introducing microspheres functionalized with the C terminus of the budding yeast formin Bni1 into extracts prepared from yeast cells at different cell-cycle stages. EM studies showed that unbranched actin filament bundles were reconstituted successfully in the yeast extracts. Only extracts enriched in the mitotic cyclin Clb2 were competent for actin cable assembly, and cyclin-dependent kinase 1 activity was indispensible. Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 activity also was found to regulate cable assembly in vivo. Here we present evidence that formin cell-cycle regulation is conserved in vertebrates. The use of the cable-reconstitution system to test roles for the key actin-binding proteins tropomyosin, capping protein, and cofilin provided important insights into assembly regulation. Furthermore, using mass spectrometry, we identified components of the actin cables formed in yeast extracts, providing the basis for comprehensive understanding of cable assembly and regulation.

  8. External electromagnetic transient sources: analysis of its effect in underground power cables; Fuentes transitorias electromagneticas externas: analisis de su efecto en los cables de potencia subterraneos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Escamilla Paz, Antonio

    2009-07-01

    In most of the electrical power systems that operate at present, the subterranean cables are only a complement. The cost of these cables is generally higher than the one of the aerial power lines, thus its use is restricted only to those areas where the construction of the aerial power lines is not feasible. It is estimated that for voltages lower than 110 kV this cost is up to seven times greater than the one of an aerial power line and for voltages higher than 380 kV it can be up to twenty times greater. Nevertheless, important reasons exist to construct a subterranean cable system such as: a) the fast growth of the urban centers and the industrial zones, which brings about restrictions of the rights of way for the construction of aerial power lines, b) the crossing of large water bodies, c) the congestion of aerial power lines near the generating substations or power plants, d) the crossing of air lines and e) the laws and the regulations, to mention some of them. The importance of the underground transmission systems of high and extra high voltage will be increased in the medium and the long term, therefore, it is considered that the effects of the external phenomena in these systems, like the inductions produced by the electromagnetic transient sources, will be more severe. In this research work the atmospheric discharges are defined as the external electromagnetic transient sources. The large dimension cables such as the power cables, behave as large collectors of the interferences produced by the atmospheric discharges, which can bring about damages in the components of a system. In order to avoid the damages and to increase the reliability of the subterranean cable systems it is necessary to use protective devices and appropriate insulation levels, mainly. If the phenomenon and the behavior of the system are properly represented, it is possible to more accurately determine the characteristics that the equipment must have to resist the over voltages and the

  9. On application of heating cable low-temperature radiation ground heat-supply system in projects%发热电缆低温辐射地面供暖系统在工程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨立峰

    2016-01-01

    Combininf with the project at Licaiwanf Art Museum in Hufuan county,the paper introduces the features of the heatinf cable low-tem-perature radiation fround heat-supply system,illustrates its construction craft procedure and operation points,and points out the construction quality,safety and environment protection controllinf measures,so as to realize the maximum of the social and economic benefits.%结合壶关县李才旺美术馆工程实例,介绍了发热电缆低温辐射地面供暖系统的特点,并阐述了其施工工艺流程及操作要点,提出了施工质量、安全及保护控制措施,实现了社会经济效益的最大化。

  10. Application of Cable Installation and Management System for Substation Based on 3D Design and Information Platform%基于三维信息设计平台的变电站线缆敷设管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳云峰; 董仕镇; 贺艳芝; 黄旭丹

    2014-01-01

    Based on the 3D information design platform, the substation cable installation and management system is developed�Compare with the traditional design method, the dynamic optimization and comprehensive intallaion both indoor and outdoor are taken into consideration and the output of design is improved and cover more aspect of the intallion to solve the problems including the security economic and oderliness issues.%介绍基于三维信息设计平台开发了变电站线缆敷设管理系统的软件构成及功能,其在传统的敷设软件基础上进行优化改进,增加了动态规划功能和户内线缆敷设的综合考虑。

  11. Rejection of radio-frequency noise with a wide-band differential preamplifier and solid-shielded coaxial input cables

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radio-frequency signals simulating electrical interference ranging from 50 Hz to 50 MHz were applied to the shields of the input cable system (two solid-shielded, mineral-insulated cables approximately 6 m long) of a wide-band (approximately 60 MHz) differential preamplifier for use with fission counters as input devices as part of in-vessel, low-level flux monitors in future liquid-metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBRs) to determine the common-mode rejection. Results show that differences in electrical properties and shielding characteristics of the two input coaxial cables along with end effects produced by an unbalanced sensor severely degrade the rejection capability of the differential preamplifier. At 1 MHz, the common-mode rejection without input cables is approximately -70 dB; this is reduced to approximately -10 dB when measured with the rf signal applied to the surface of the input cable shields. Measurements of the shielding characteristics of the input cables showed resonances at test frequencies greater than 2 MHz. A ferrite core was installed in the input assembly to increase the impedance of the shields and to permit termination of the coaxial line consisting of the input cable shields and the protective metal conduit for the input cables. This assembly eliminated all resonances below 20 MHz. The increased impedance also reduced the amplitude of the shield currents, resulting in an increase in the shielding effectiveness of the input cables without affecting the signal transmission of the cables

  12. 汕头海域海底光缆路由条件及评价%Conditions and Evaluation of Route of Shantou Water Areas Submarine Fibre-opitc Cable System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志强; 刘强; 贺惠忠; 魏巍; 于刚; 蒋俊杰

    2012-01-01

    Based on the natural environment data and the field surveying data observed by multibeam system, side scan sonar,subbottom profiler,gravity core sampling in the route surveying area, we analyzed and evaluated the natural environment and engineering geologic conditions in the route area of South-East Asia Japan Cable System (Shantou segment less than 300m water depth area) in detail, and found that the natural and engineering environment in the continental shelf of the route area is suitable for cable laying, but in the region between continental shelf and continental slope the condition is relatively worse, appropriate measures should be taken before laying.%根据在东南亚至日本海底光缆汕头段(300m水深以浅)路由勘察中所获得的多波束、侧扫声纳、浅地层剖面、柱状取样等资料,结合勘察区的自然环境特征,对路由区的自然环境条件、海底工程地质条件进行了详细的分析,并对该段路南条件进行了综合评价.研究表明,此段路由在大陆架区域路由条件较好,适合海底光缆的铺设;在大陆架与大陆坡结合带路由条件相对较差,应做好应对措施.

  13. Ultrasonic Welding of Wires and Cables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinz, Stefan; Wagner, Guntram; Eifler, Dietmar

    2012-03-01

    In the automobile industry, ultrasonic metal welding is an established method. At the Institute of Materials Science and Engineering (WKK) at the University of Kaiserslautern, Germany, systematic investigations of the weldability of Al-wires and flat flexible copper cables were carried out. In the case of Al-wires, joints with cross-sectional area of up to 80 mm2 and tensile shear load of about 3500 N were finally realized. Furthermore, methods to reduce unintentional adherence between the sonotrode coupling face and the Al-wires were developed. To realize FFC joints, ultrasonic spot welding systems and ultrasonic torsion welding systems were used. A central purpose of these investigations is the development of a system to enable welding through the insulation of the FFC without weakening the base material.

  14. Low Friction Cryostat for HTS Power Cable of Dutch Project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chevtchenko, O.; Zuijderduin, R.; Smit, J.; Willen, D.; Lentge, H.; Thidemann, C.; Traeholt, C.

    2012-01-01

    Particulars of 6 km long HTS AC power cable for Amsterdam project are: a cable has to fit in an annulus of 160 mm, with only two cooling stations at the cable ends [1]. Application of existing solutions for HTS cables would result in excessively high coolant pressure drop in the cable, possibly affe

  15. Broadband description of the copper cable transfer function

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waal, D.C.H.

    2007-01-01

    This report is describes the characteristics of two different copper cables, namely the coax cable and the twisted pair cable. By using the Maxwell equations we can describe the coax cable and the twisted pair cable with the Bessel functions. By these Bessel functions we can simulate the two seconda

  16. 30 CFR 75.603 - Temporary splice of trailing cable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Temporary splice of trailing cable. 75.603... SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Trailing Cables § 75.603 Temporary splice of trailing cable. One temporary splice may be made in any trailing cable. Such trailing cable...

  17. Vertical Cable Seismic Survey for Hydrothermal Deposit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asakawa, E.; Murakami, F.; Sekino, Y.; Okamoto, T.; Ishikawa, K.; Tsukahara, H.; Shimura, T.

    2012-04-01

    The vertical cable seismic is one of the reflection seismic methods. It uses hydrophone arrays vertically moored from the seafloor to record acoustic waves generated by surface, deep-towed or ocean bottom sources. Analyzing the reflections from the sub-seabed, we could look into the subsurface structure. This type of survey is generally called VCS (Vertical Cable Seismic). Because VCS is an efficient high-resolution 3D seismic survey method for a spatially-bounded area, we proposed the method for the hydrothermal deposit survey tool development program that the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) started in 2009. We are now developing a VCS system, including not only data acquisition hardware but data processing and analysis technique. Our first experiment of VCS surveys has been carried out in Lake Biwa, JAPAN in November 2009 for a feasibility study. Prestack depth migration is applied to the 3D VCS data to obtain a high quality 3D depth volume. Based on the results from the feasibility study, we have developed two autonomous recording VCS systems. After we carried out a trial experiment in the actual ocean at a water depth of about 400m and we carried out the second VCS survey at Iheya Knoll with a deep-towed source. In this survey, we could establish the procedures for the deployment/recovery of the system and could examine the locations and the fluctuations of the vertical cables at a water depth of around 1000m. The acquired VCS data clearly shows the reflections from the sub-seafloor. Through the experiment, we could confirm that our VCS system works well even in the severe circumstances around the locations of seafloor hydrothermal deposits. We have, however, also confirmed that the uncertainty in the locations of the source and of the hydrophones could lower the quality of subsurface image. It is, therefore, strongly necessary to develop a total survey system that assures a accurate positioning and a deployment techniques

  18. Vibration mitigation of a bridge cable using a nonlinear energy sink: design and experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weiss Mathieu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This work deals with the design and experiment of a cubic nonlinear energy sink (NES for horizontal vibration mitigation of a bridge cable. Modal analysis of horizontal linear modes of the cable is experimentally performed using accelerometers and displacement sensors. A theoretical simplified 2-dof model of the coupled cable-NES system is used to analytically design the NES by mean of multi-time scale systems behaviours and detection its invariant manifold, equilibrium and singular points which stand for periodic and strongly modulated regimes, respectively. Numerical integration is used to confirm the efficiency of the designed NES for the system under step release excitation. Then, the prototype system is built using geometrical cubic nonlinearity as the potential of the NES. Efficiency of the prototype system for mitigation of horizontal vibrations of the cable under for step release and forced excitations is experimentally demonstrated.

  19. Occupational Asthma in a Cable Manufacturing Company

    OpenAIRE

    Attarchi, Mirsaeed; Dehghan, Faezeh; Yazdanparast, Taraneh; Mohammadi, Saber; Golchin, Mahdie; Sadeghi, Zargham; Moafi, Masoud; Seyed Mehdi, Seyed Mohammad

    2014-01-01

    Background: During the past decade, incidence of asthma has increased, which might have been due to environmental exposures. Objectives: Considering the expansion of cable manufacturing industry in Iran, the present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of occupational asthma in a cable manufacturing company in Iran as well as its related factors. Patients and Methods: This study was conducted on employees of a cable manufacturing company in Yazd, Iran, in 2012. The workers were divi...

  20. PCACE- PERSONAL COMPUTER AIDED CABLING ENGINEERING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billitti, J. W.

    1994-01-01

    A computerized interactive harness engineering program has been developed to provide an inexpensive, interactive system which is designed for learning and using an engineering approach to interconnection systems. PCACE is basically a database system that stores information as files of individual connectors and handles wiring information in circuit groups stored as records. This directly emulates the typical manual engineering methods of data handling, thus making the user interface to the program very natural. Data files can be created, viewed, manipulated, or printed in real time. The printed ouput is in a form ready for use by fabrication and engineering personnel. PCACE also contains a wide variety of error-checking routines including connector contact checks during hardcopy generation. The user may edit existing harness data files or create new files. In creating a new file, the user is given the opportunity to insert all the connector and harness boiler plate data which would be part of a normal connector wiring diagram. This data includes the following: 1) connector reference designator, 2) connector part number, 3) backshell part number, 4) cable reference designator, 5) cable part number, 6) drawing revision, 7) relevant notes, 8) standard wire gauge, and 9) maximum circuit count. Any item except the maximum circuit count may be left blank, and any item may be changed at a later time. Once a file is created and organized, the user is directed to the main menu and has access to the file boiler plate, the circuit wiring records, and the wiring records index list. The organization of a file is such that record zero contains the connector/cable boiler plate, and all other records contain circuit wiring data. Each wiring record will handle a circuit with as many as nine wires in the interface. The record stores the circuit name and wire count and the following data for each wire: 1) wire identifier, 2) contact, 3) splice, 4) wire gauge if different from standard

  1. 海缆生产数据采集系统的集中器设计与实现%Design and implementation of concentrators for submarine cable production data collection system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈秀秀; 张小美; 杨永杰; 许鹏

    2015-01-01

    针对目前在海缆生产线上数据采集系统中出现的数据传输不稳定、易受干扰等问题,设计一款基于嵌入式以太网通信的集中器。以TM4C123为主控芯片,配置ENC28J60以太网控制器、APC250无线数据传输模块和TFTLCD液晶显示模块等,在搭建系统硬件平台的基础上完成各部分的软件设计。海缆生产线现场测试结果表明,该集中器具有数据传输抗干扰和智能远程监控等特点,具有广阔应用前景。%To solve the issues occurring on current submarine cable production line,such as instability and disturbances during the process of data acquisition and transmission,a concentrator based on embedded Ethernet communication was designed.The concentrator was designed with TM4C123 as the main control chip and equipped with ENC28J60 Ethernet controller,APC250 wireless data transmission module,TFTLCD liquid crystal display module,etc.The software design of each part was conducted based on the platform of the system hardware design.Results of field tests on submarine cable production lines show that the concentrator has characteristics of resistance to disturbances occurring in the process of data transmission and intelligent opera-tion on remote monitoring.Thus it has a broad application prospect.

  2. Optimal Sensor Placement for Stay Cable Damage Identification of Cable-Stayed Bridge under Uncertainty

    OpenAIRE

    Li-Qun Hou; Xue-Feng Zhao; Rui-Cong Han; Chun-Cheng Liu

    2013-01-01

    Large cable-stayed bridges utilize hundreds of stay cables. Thus, placing a sensor on every stay cable of bridges for stay cable damage identification (SCDI) is costly and, in most cases, not necessary. Optimal sensor placement is a significant and critical issue for SCDI. This paper proposes the criteria for sensor quantity and location optimization for SCDI on the basis of the concept of damage identification reliability index (DIRI) under uncertainty. Random elimination (RE) algorithm and ...

  3. Linearized Model of an Actively Controlled Cable for a Carlina Diluted Telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, T.; Le Coroller, H.; Owner-Petersen, M.; Dejonghe, J.

    2014-04-01

    The Carlina thinned pupil telescope has a focal unit (``gondola'') suspended by cables over the primary mirror. To predict the structural behavior of the gondola system, a simulation building block of a single cable is needed. A preloaded cable is a strongly non-linear system and can be modeled either with partial differential equations or non-linear finite elements. Using the latter, we set up an iteration procedure for determination of the static cable form and we formulate the necessary second-order differential equations for such a model. We convert them to a set of first-order differential equations (an ``ABCD''-model). Symmetrical in-plane eigenmodes and ``axial'' eigenmodes are the only eigenmodes that play a role in practice for a taut cable. Using the model and a generic suspension, a parameter study is made to find the influence of various design parameters. We conclude that the cable should be as stiff and thick as practically possible with a fairly high preload. Steel or Aramid are suitable materials. Further, placing the cable winches on the gondola and not on the ground does not provide significant advantages. Finally, it seems that use of reaction-wheels and/or reaction-masses will make the way for more accurate control of the gondola position under wind load. An adaptive stage with tip/tilt/piston correction for subapertures together with a focus and guiding system for freezing the fringes must also be studied.

  4. ESTIMATION OF INDUCED CURRENTS IN THE SHIELDS OF ELECTRICAL POWER CABLES WITH XLPE INSULATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. V. Oleksyuk

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Electrical power cables with Cross-Linked Polyethylene Insulation (XLPE-insulation are currently utilized in projects of the electric-power supply systems of modern facilities. However, the higher costs, the incomplete design, installation and maintenance normativetechnical basis as well as certain constructional features of the XLPE-insulated cable lines hinder their large-scale implementation.The cables with XLPE insulation are mostly produced in a single-conductor core version being provided with a composite copper shield whose cross-section may vary while the electric conductor cross-section remains uniform. Earthing the cable shields on both sides causes the flow of electricity in them. The course of operational service of the XLPE-insulated cable lines revealed the following fact – the currents induced in the cable shields can run up to the levels commeasurable with those in the conductor-cores themselves. That, in its turn, leads to electrical safety-level reduction, cable lines failure, and economic losses. The currents induced in the shields may occur both in symmetric (normal and emergency and asymmetric operating modes of the power grid with values of the induced currents reaching 80 % of the conducting core currents. Many factors affect the level of the current induced in the shield: the midpoint conductor modes, the values of the core longitudinal currents in the normal and emergency operating modes, failure mode, the cross-section area of the shield, the cables mutual disposition, and the distance between them.The paper claims experimental existence conformation of the cable-shield current induced by that in the conductor-core and demonstrates its measured value. The author establishes that induction of dangerous currents in the cable shields demands elaboration of measures on reducing their level.

  5. Vincennes University: Pioneer in Cable TV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckes, Isaac K.

    1972-01-01

    The development of cable educational television at Vincennes University (Indiana) is discussed in terms of the financing, securing of franchises, educational goals and plans for future expansion. (RN)

  6. Switching Restrikes in HVAC Cable Lines and Hybrid HVAC Cable/OHL Lines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    da Silva, Filipe Miguel Faria; Bak, Claus Leth; Balle Holst, Per

    2011-01-01

    The disconnection of HV underground cables may, if unsuccessful, originate a restrike in the circuit breaker, leading to high overvoltages, and potentially damaging the cable and near equipment. Due to the cable high capacitance and low resistance the voltage damping is slow, resulting, half a cy...

  7. Optimisation for offshore wind farm cable connection layout using adaptive particle swarm optimisation minimum spanning tree method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hou, Peng; Hu, Weihao; Chen, Zhe

    2016-01-01

    The wind farm layout optimization problem is similar to the classic mathematical problem of finding the Minimum Spanning Tree (MST) of a weighted undirected graph. Due to the cable currentcarrying capacity limitation, the cable sectional area should be carefully selected to meet the system...... operational requirement and this constraint should be considered during the MST formulation process. Hence, traditional MST algorithm cannot ensure a minimal cable investment layout. In this paper, a new method to optimize the offshore wind farm cable connection layout is presented. The algorithm...

  8. P-Cable: New High-Resolution 3D Seismic Acquisition Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Planke, Sverre; Berndt, Christian; Mienert, Jürgen; Bünz, Stefan; Eriksen, Frode N.; Eriksen, Ola K.

    2010-05-01

    We have developed a new cost-efficient technology for acquisition of high-resolution 3D seismic data: the P-Cable system. This technology is very well suited for deep water exploration, site surveys, and studies of shallow gas and fluid migration associated with gas hydrates or leaking reservoirs. It delivers unparalleled 3D seismic images of subsurface sediment architectures. The P-Cable system consists of a seismic cable towed perpendicular to a vessel's steaming direction. This configuration allows us to image an up to 150 m wide swath of the sub-surface for each sail line. Conventional 3D seismic technology relies on several very long streamers (up to 10 km long streamers are common), large sources, and costly operations. In contrast, the P-Cable system is light-weight and fast to deploy from small vessels. Only a small source is required as the system is made for relatively shallow imaging, typically above the first water-bottom multiple. The P-Cable system is particularly useful for acquisition of small 3D cubes, 10-50 km2, in focus areas, rather than extensive mapping of large regions. The rapid deployment and recovery of the system makes it possible to acquire several small cubes (10 to 30 km2) with high-resolution (50-250 Hz) seismic data in during one cruise. The first development of the P-Cable system was a cooperative project achieved by Volcanic Basin Petroleum Research (VBPR), University of Tromsø, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, and industry partners. Field trials using a 12-streamer system were conducted on sites with active fluid-leakage systems on the Norwegian-Barents-Svalbard margin, the Gulf of Cadiz, and the Mediterranean. The second phase of the development introduced digital streamers. The new P-Cable2 system also includes integrated tow and cross cables for power and data transmission and improved doors to spread the larger cross cable. This digital system has been successfully used during six cruises by the University of Troms

  9. 75 FR 26798 - Distribution of the 2000-2003 Cable Royalty Funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office LIBRARY OF CONGRESS..., Library of Congress. ACTION: Distribution order. SUMMARY: The Copyright Royalty Judges are announcing the... programming retransmitted by cable systems: movies and syndicated television programming; sports...

  10. Deep ocean CTD data 2011-2013 from the Aloha Cabled Observatory (NODC Accession 0123115)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The ALOHA Cabled Observatory (ACO) is a system of hardware and software that extends electric power and the Internet offshore, supporting sustained real-time...

  11. Telephone and Cable Lines, Local, Published in Not Provided, US Army.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Telephone and Cable Lines, Local dataset as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided in Not Applicable coordinate system; in a Not Applicable...

  12. Telephone and Cable Lines, Long Distance, Published in Not Provided, US Army.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Telephone and Cable Lines, Long Distance dataset as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided in Not Applicable coordinate system; in a Not...

  13. 7 CFR 1755.870 - RUS specification for terminating cables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... what constitutes a design change. (4) Materials, manufacturing techniques, or cable designs not... modified materials, manufacturing techniques, or cable designs shall be provided to substantiate product... (Reapproved 1989), Standard Methods of Testing Thermoplastic Insulations and Jackets for Wire and Cable;...

  14. TEM Cell Testing of Cable Noise Reduction Techniques from 2 MHz to 200 MHz -- Part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Arthur T.; Evans, William C.; Reed, Joshua L.; Shimp, Samuel K., III; Fitzpatrick, Fred D.

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents empirical results of cable noise reduction techniques as demonstrated in a TEM cell operating with radiated fields from 2 - 200 MHz. It is the second part of a two-paper series. The first paper discussed cable types and shield connections. In this second paper, the effects of load and source resistances and chassis connections are examined. For each topic, well established theories are compared to data from a real-world physical system. Finally, recommendations for minimizing cable susceptibility (and thus cable emissions) are presented. There are numerous papers and textbooks that present theoretical analyses of cable noise reduction techniques. However, empirical data is often targeted to low frequencies (e.g. 100 MHz). Additionally, a comprehensive study showing the relative effects of various noise reduction techniques is needed. These include the use of dedicated return wires, twisted wiring, cable shielding, shield connections, changing load or source impedances, and implementing load- or source-to-chassis isolation. We have created an experimental setup that emulates a real-world electrical system, while still allowing us to independently vary a host of parameters. The goal of the experiment was to determine the relative effectiveness of various noise reduction techniques when the cable is in the presence of radiated emissions from 2 MHz to 200 MHz.

  15. Torsional Buckling and Writhing Dynamics of Elastic Cables and DNA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goyal, S; Perkins, N C; Lee, C L

    2003-02-14

    Marine cables under low tension and torsion on the sea floor can undergo a dynamic buckling process during which torsional strain energy is converted to bending strain energy. The resulting three-dimensional cable geometries can be highly contorted and include loops and tangles. Similar geometries are known to exist for supercoiled DNA and these also arise from the conversion of torsional strain energy to bending strain energy or, kinematically, a conversion of twist to writhe. A dynamic form of Kirchhoff rod theory is presented herein that captures these nonlinear dynamic processes. The resulting theory is discretized using the generalized-method for finite differencing in both space and time. The important kinematics of cross-section rotation are described using an incremental rotation ''vector'' as opposed to traditional Euler angles or Euler parameters. Numerical solutions are presented for an example system of a cable subjected to increasing twist at one end. The solutions show the dynamic evolution of the cable from an initially straight element, through a buckled element in the approximate form of a helix, and through the dynamic collapse of this helix through a looped form.

  16. 深水脐带缆安装技术发展现状与趋势%Present Situation and Tendency of Deepwater Umbilical Cable Installation Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晶晶; 刘培林; 段梦兰; 张九菊; 胡显伟; 桂津

    2011-01-01

    Umbilical cable for subsea production system is the combination of electric cables (power cable or signal cable) ,optical cables (single mode or multimode fiber optic cable) and hydraulic or chemical pipes (steel pipe or hose). The system includes deepwater umbilical cable terminal, the upper part of the umbilical cable terminal,connected components. Therefore,this article does all aspects of the characteristics on umbilical cable installation technology,including technology of backing to the main platform,lowing umbilical cable termination. We make analysis and comparison of installing technology of different water depths at home and abroad,and put forward challenges we will face and developped direction of the umbilical cable installation.%对脐带缆安装技术特点作了介绍,包括与主平台的回接技术、脐带缆终端的下放技术.结合国内外脐带缆安装技术应用的水深情况作了相应的分析和对比,提出我国在深水脐带缆安装过程中所面临的挑战和发展方向.

  17. Dissipationless conductance in a topological coaxial cable

    CERN Document Server

    Schuster, Thomas; Chamon, Claudio; Jackiw, Roman; Pi, So-Young

    2016-01-01

    We present a dynamical mechanism leading to dissipationless conductance, whose quantized value is controllable, in a (3+1)-dimensional electronic system. The mechanism is exemplified by a theory of Weyl fermions coupled to a Higgs field--also known as an axion insulator. We show that the insertion of an axial gauge flux can induce vortex lines in the Higgs field, similarly to the development of vortices in a superconductor upon the insertion of magnetic flux. We further show that the necessary axial gauge flux can be generated using Rashba spin-orbit coupling or a magnetic field. Vortex lines in the Higgs field are known to bind chiral fermionic modes, each of which serves as a one-way channel for electric charge with conductance $e^2/h$. Combining these elements, we present a physical picture, the "topological coaxial cable," illustrating how the value of the quantized conductance could be controlled in such an axion insulator.

  18. Steady State Analysis of Towed Marine Cables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Fei; HUANG Guo-liang; DENG De-heng

    2008-01-01

    Efficient numerical schemes were presented for the steady state solutions of towed marine cables. For most of towed systems, the steady state problem can be resolved into two-point boundary-value problem, or initial value problem in some special cases where the initial values are available directly. A new technique was proposed and attempted to solve the two-point boundary-value problem rather than the conventional shooting method due to its algorithm complexity and low efficiency. First, the boundary conditions are transformed into a set of nonlinear governing equations about the initial values, then bisection method is employed to solve these nonlinear equations with the aid of 4th order Runge-Kutta method. In common sense, non-uniform (sheared) current is assumed, which varies in magnitude and direction with depth. The schemes are validated through the DE Zoysa's example, then several numerical examples are also presented to illustrate the numerical schemes.

  19. Dissipationless conductance in a topological coaxial cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuster, Thomas; Iadecola, Thomas; Chamon, Claudio; Jackiw, Roman; Pi, So-Young

    2016-09-01

    We present a dynamical mechanism leading to dissipationless conductance, whose quantized value is controllable in a (3+1)-dimensional electronic system. The mechanism is exemplified by a theory of Weyl fermions coupled to a Higgs field, also known as an axion insulator. We show that the insertion of an axial gauge flux can induce vortex lines in the Higgs field, similar to the development of vortices in a superconductor upon the insertion of magnetic flux. We further show that the necessary axial gauge flux can be generated using Rashba spin-orbit coupling or a magnetic field. Vortex lines in the Higgs field are known to bind chiral fermionic modes, each of which serves as a one-way channel for electric charge with conductance e2/h . Combining these elements, we present a physical picture, the "topological coaxial cable," illustrating how the value of the quantized conductance could be controlled in such an axion insulator.

  20. Bulk Current Injection Testing of Cable Noise Reduction Techniques, 50 kHz to 400 MHz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Arthur T.; Hare, Richard J.; Singh, Manisha

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents empirical results of cable noise reduction techniques as demonstrated using bulk current injection (BCI) techniques with radiated fields from 50 kHz - 400 MHz. It is a follow up to the two-part paper series presented at the Asia Pacific EMC Conference that focused on TEM cell signal injection. This paper discusses the effects of cable types, shield connections, and chassis connections on cable noise. For each topic, well established theories are compared with data from a real-world physical system.

  1. 行波效应对大跨越输电塔-线体系纵向地震响应影响%Traveling wave effect on longitudinal seismic response of a long-span power transmission tower-cable system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏奇科; 李正良

    2011-01-01

    由于特高压大跨越输电塔-线体系塔身高跨度大,仅考虑单塔及塔-线体系的一致地震输入是远远不够的.考虑地震波沿大跨越线路传播时引起的地震行波效应,建立了特高压大跨越输电塔-线体系精细的三维空间有限元模型,运用几何非线性动力时程分析方法,研究了纵向地震作用下大跨越输电塔-线体系的地震响应特性,并和一致地震动输入下的反应进行了对比.结果表明:行波效应既可以增加又可以减小塔身的地震响应,主要与地震动作用于大跨越两端输电塔的相位差有关;行波效应对导线跨中竖向位移响应影响十分明显,对导线内力响应影响很小.%Because of high tower and long-span of a ultra-high voltage long-span transmission tower-cable system, it is not enough only to consider seismic responses of the system under the uniform excitation. Based on the established precise 3D finite element model of the ultra-high voltage long-span transmission tower-cable system, the longitudinal seismic responses characteristics of the system were studied under traveling wave excitation and compared with those under uniform excitation using the geometric nonlinear dynamic time history integration method. The results showed that the traveling wave excitation can increase, or decrease the seismic responses of the transmission tower, which is mainly related to the phase difference; the effect of traveling wave on the line's displacement responses is obvious in the vertical direction, but its effect on the line's axial force is not significant.

  2. Stochastic optimal control of cable vibration in plane by using axial support motion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming Zhao; Wei-Qiu Zhu

    2011-01-01

    A stochastic optimal control strategy for a slightly sagged cable using support motion in the cable axial direction is proposed. The nonlinear equation of cable motion in plane is derived and reduced to the equations for the first two modes of cable vibration by using the Galerkin method.The partially averaged 10 equation for controlled system energy is further derived by applying the stochastic averaging method for quasi-non-integrable Hamiltonian systems. The dynamical programming equation for the controlled system energy with a performance index is established by applying the stochastic dynamical programming principle and a stochastic optimal control law is obtained through solving the dynamical programming equation. A bilinear controller by using the direct method of Lyapunov is introduced. The comparison between the two controllers shows that the proposed stochastic optimal control strategy is superior to the bilinear control strategy in terms of higher control effectiveness and efficiency.

  3. A new multiconstraint method for determining the optimal cable stresses in cable-stayed bridges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asgari, B; Osman, S A; Adnan, A

    2014-01-01

    Cable-stayed bridges are one of the most popular types of long-span bridges. The structural behaviour of cable-stayed bridges is sensitive to the load distribution between the girder, pylons, and cables. The determination of pretensioning cable stresses is critical in the cable-stayed bridge design procedure. By finding the optimum stresses in cables, the load and moment distribution of the bridge can be improved. In recent years, different research works have studied iterative and modern methods to find optimum stresses of cables. However, most of the proposed methods have limitations in optimising the structural performance of cable-stayed bridges. This paper presents a multiconstraint optimisation method to specify the optimum cable forces in cable-stayed bridges. The proposed optimisation method produces less bending moments and stresses in the bridge members and requires shorter simulation time than other proposed methods. The results of comparative study show that the proposed method is more successful in restricting the deck and pylon displacements and providing uniform deck moment distribution than unit load method (ULM). The final design of cable-stayed bridges can be optimised considerably through proposed multiconstraint optimisation method.

  4. Cable Television: Its Urban Context and Programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warthman, Forrest

    Cable television's future in urban settings is discussed in the context of alternative media capable of serving similar markets with similar programing. In addition to cable television, other transmission networks such as the telephone network, radio and television broadcasting, microwave networks, domestic satellites, and recording media are…

  5. Overlapping reliable control for a cable-stayed bridge benchmark

    OpenAIRE

    Bakule, Lubomir; Paulet-Crainiceanu, Fideliu; Rodellar Benedé, José; Rossell Garriga, Josep Maria

    2005-01-01

    The brief presents a reliable 1-out-2 reduced order control design strategy for a cable-stayed bridge benchmark using two overlapping subsystems and the linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) design. Reliability with regard to controller failures is considered. Local controllers are designed for reduced order subsystems of expanded system. They are implemented and evaluated on the original overall system model. Two different sets of numerical experiments of reliable control design within 1-out-2 con...

  6. Status and Progress of a Fault Current Limiting Hts Cable to BE Installed in the con EDISON Grid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maguire, J.; Folts, D.; Yuan, J.; Henderson, N.; Lindsay, D.; Knoll, D.; Rey, C.; Duckworth, R.; Gouge, M.; Wolff, Z.; Kurtz, S.

    2010-04-01

    In the last decade, significant advances in the performance of second generation (2G) high temperature superconducting wire have made it suitable for commercially viable applications such as electric power cables and fault current limiters. Currently, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security is co-funding the design, development and demonstration of an inherently fault current limiting HTS cable under the Hydra project with American Superconductor and Consolidated Edison. The cable will be approximately 300 m long and is being designed to carry 96 MVA at a distribution level voltage of 13.8 kV. The underground cable will be installed and energized in New York City. The project is led by American Superconductor teamed with Con Edison, Ultera (Southwire and nkt cables joint venture), and Air Liquide. This paper describes the general goals, design criteria, status and progress of the project. Fault current limiting has already been demonstrated in 3 m prototype cables, and test results on a 25 m three-phase cable will be presented. An overview of the concept of a fault current limiting cable and the system advantages of this unique type of cable will be described.

  7. Monitoring and failure analysis of corroded bridge cables under fatigue loading using acoustic emission sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Dongsheng; Ou, Jinping; Lan, Chengming; Li, Hui

    2012-01-01

    Cables play an important role in cable-stayed systems, but are vulnerable to corrosion and fatigue damage. There is a dearth of studies on the fatigue damage evolution of corroded cable. In the present study, the acoustic emission (AE) technology is adopted to monitor the fatigue damage evolution process. First, the relationship between stress and strain is determined through a tensile test for corroded and non-corroded steel wires. Results show that the mechanical performance of corroded cables is changed considerably. The AE characteristic parameters for fatigue damage are then established. AE energy cumulative parameters can accurately describe the fatigue damage evolution of corroded cables. The failure modes in each phase as well as the type of acoustic emission source are determined based on the results of scanning electron microscopy. The waveform characteristics, damage types, and frequency distribution of the corroded cable at different damage phases are collected. Finally, the number of broken wires and breakage time of the cables are determined according to the variation in the margin index. PMID:22666009

  8. Monitoring and Failure Analysis of Corroded Bridge Cables under Fatigue Loading Using Acoustic Emission Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Li

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Cables play an important role in cable-stayed systems, but are vulnerable to corrosion and fatigue damage. There is a dearth of studies on the fatigue damage evolution of corroded cable. In the present study, the acoustic emission (AE technology is adopted to monitor the fatigue damage evolution process. First, the relationship between stress and strain is determined through a tensile test for corroded and non-corroded steel wires. Results show that the mechanical performance of corroded cables is changed considerably. The AE characteristic parameters for fatigue damage are then established. AE energy cumulative parameters can accurately describe the fatigue damage evolution of corroded cables. The failure modes in each phase as well as the type of acoustic emission source are determined based on the results of scanning electron microscopy. The waveform characteristics, damage types, and frequency distribution of the corroded cable at different damage phases are collected. Finally, the number of broken wires and breakage time of the cables are determined according to the variation in the margin index.

  9. Effect of transverse load on the critical current of a coated conductor Roebel cable

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roebel cables are one possible option for use in the manufacture of high current conductors for various technical applications. In this work the behaviour of critical current under transverse loads up to 90 MPa was studied in coated conductor Roebel cables. First the critical current evolution under transverse load was measured on 4 mm wide coated conductor tapes with Hastelloy substrate (copper surround stabilizer) and on punched tapes, which are used for the assembling of Roebel cables. It was found that they were able to withstand large transverse loads (>100 MPa) with less than 2% degradation of the critical current at 77 K. In contrast, with tapes, a significant reduction of the critical current (>20%) was observed in Roebel cable samples at pressure as low as 10 MPa. Marks of mechanical defects were observed in the strands extracted from the cable. Measurements of the local critical current on extracted strands confirmed that in the regions which were visually damaged the critical current was also reduced. The defects are attributed to pinching (stress concentration), which takes place in the cable. The results suggest that the integration of coated conductor Roebel cables into large systems should be carefully evaluated. (paper)

  10. Electric and Thermal Properties of Wet Cable 10kV and 15kV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Rajagopala

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The increased temperature of the cable insulation with rising load currents, are known to accelerate the formation of water and electric trees in cables which ultimately lead to cables failure. There are several factors which will determine the thermal and electrical behaviour of a given wet cable installation. These include the assumed ampacity, the cable construction and circumstances of installation, the thermal properties of the surrounding soil and the electrical properties. The work presented in this paper involves the use of COMSOL multiphysics finite element software to develop an integrated electrical, thermal model with 5micro meter and 2.5 micro meter water bubble radius. The presence of water tree results in the reduction of their dielectric strength. Here the finite element simulation technique is used to evaluate the electric field, potential and temperature distribution inside the 10 kV and 15 kV power cables. A model that illustrates the water-dielectric interface within the cable insulation system is proposed.

  11. High-Data-Rate Quadrax Cable Microwave Characterization at the NASA Glenn Structural Dynamics Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theofylaktos, Onoufrios; Warner, Joseph D.; Sheehe, Charles J.

    2012-01-01

    An experiment was performed to determine the degradation in the bit-error-rate (BER) in the high-data-rate cables chosen for the Orion Service Module due to extreme launch conditions of vibrations with a magnitude of 60g. The cable type chosen for the Orion Service Module was no. 8 quadrax cable. The increase in electrical noise induced on these no. 8 quadrax cables was measured at the NASA Glenn vibration facility in the Structural Dynamics Laboratory. The intensity of the vibrations was set at 32g, which was the maximum available level at the facility. The cable lengths used during measurements were 1, 4, and 8 m. The noise measurements were done in an analog fashion using a performance network analyzer (PNA) by recording the standard deviation of the transmission scattering parameter S(sub 21) over the frequency range of 100 to 900 MHz. The standard deviation of S(sub 210 was measured before, during, and after the vibration of the cables at the vibration facility. We observed an increase in noise by a factor of 2 to 6. From these measurements we estimated the increase expected in the BER for a cable length of 25 m and concluded that these findings are large enough that the noise increase due to vibration must be taken in to account for the design of the communication system for a BER of 10(exp -8).

  12. Design and Application of a Program Management System Specific for Wuhan Cable Network%武汉有线节目管理系统设计及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李朝霞

    2015-01-01

    In this study, the urgency and importance of establishing a scientific, high efficient and unified con-tent management system that can integrate the tri-networks to develop a new market prospect that will incorporate high-definition and multimedia into a new business model.The study also provided an integrated improvement and re-construction plan based on the analysis of program management system for Wuhan Cable Network.In ad-dition, the framework functionality and applicability of the new management system was briefly introduced.%阐述在三网融合及大力发展高清互动数字电视新媒体业务的市场背景下,建设科学、高效、统一的内容管理体系的重要性和迫切性,通过对武汉有线节目管理体系的应用分析,提出整合、改造和扩建方案,主要介绍节目管理系统的构架、功能及实施应用。

  13. Distributed On-line Monitoring System for Sheath Circulating Current of Cross-linked Power Cables%电缆外护套环流分布在线监测系统的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟永鹏; 彭发东; 闫力

    2009-01-01

    The value of metal sheath's circulating current of cross-linked power cables is very small in ideal condition, but the value is not so small that the circulating current can't be ignored because of various factors in actual running condition. The circulating current method can judge whether the multipoint earthing fault happens by monitoring the variety of metal sheath's circulating current value. This article introduces an on-line monitoring system which uses the circulating current method to monitor the muhipoint earthing fault of the metal sheath. In the hardware layer, we use distributed current sensors and microcontroller's acquisition units to complete the signal acquisition and signal conditioning of the circulating current value. After the distributed acquisition and conditioning, the signals, through the RS485 bus, will be sent to the Ethernet Serial Device Server network system and then connected to the console cabinet. The computer of the console cabinet could read the circulating current value on-line by the Real Corn Mode of the Ethernet Serial Device Server. This distributed on-line monitoring system has a simple structure, excellent real-time performance and high reliability proved by the practical operation.

  14. Affect and Optimization of Nonlinear Effects on Submarine Cable systems%非线性效应对海底光缆系统的影响及其优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪; 于俊婷; 何宏业

    2012-01-01

    随着WDM系统传输距离和光纤中光功率的增加,光纤的非线性效应对系统的影响及其优化成为研究关键。本文对海底光缆传输系统中非线性效应对系统的影响及其优化进行了分析。根据海底光缆系统的实际工作情况,模拟4×2.5Gbit/s系统进行了仿真分析,得出通过优化海底增益模块中掺铒光纤长度来选择最佳入纤功率,以改善系统性能,延长传输距离。%Nonlinearity has become a key point as the transmission distance of WDM and the power in fiber are increasing.In this paper,the influences of nonlinearity on system and optimization was analyzed.And then the transmission system performances for the 4×2.5Gbps were simulated on the platform of OptSim according the practical going of undersea optical fibre cable.Simulationn showed that transmission distence can be prolonged and system performances will be improved through optimizing the length of EDF in remote module to select the best original power.

  15. Electrohydrodynamic pumping in cable pipes. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crowley, J.M.; Chato, J.C.

    1983-02-01

    Many oil-insulated electric power cables are limited by heat buildup caused in part by the low thermal conductivity of the oil. Circulation of the oil is known to reduce the cable temperature, but can lead to excessive pressure buildup on long cables when using conventional pumping methods. An alternate pumping method using distributed electric fields to avoid this pressure buildup is described. Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) pumping was studied both theoretically and experimentally for possible application in underground cable cooling. Theoretical studies included both analytical and finite-element analysis of the flow patterns driven by travelling electric fields. Experimentally, flow rates in a cable-pipe model were measured under a wide variety of operating conditions. Theory and experiment are in agreement for velocities below 10 cm/s, but higher velocities could not be reached in the experiment, due to increased electroconvection and, possibly, turbulence.

  16. Frequency Dependent Losses in Transmission Cable Conductors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Rasmus Schmidt; Holbøll, Joachim; Guðmundsdóttir, Unnur Stella

    2011-01-01

    and economical gain, such severe network changes necessitate correct estimation and optimisation of load conditions in the cable grid. Both IEC and IEEE have published standards for rating transmission cables' current carrying capacity. These standards are based on assumptions of a number of parameters......, such as thermal conditions in and around the cable, as well as the heat generated in conductors, screens, armours etc., taking into account proximity and skin effects. The work performed and presented in this paper is concerned with an improved determination of the losses generated in the conductor, by means...... of better calculation of the AC resistance of transmission cable conductors, in particular regarding higher frequencies. In this way, also losses under harmonics can be covered. Furthermore, the model is suitable for modelling of transient attenuation in high voltage cables. The AC resistance is calculated...

  17. Anti-seismic performance analysis of cable-stayed bridge with different bearing constraint system%不同支座约束方式下的斜拉桥抗震性能分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周叶波; 徐秀丽; 刘伟庆; 田国伟

    2012-01-01

    为确定某一独塔双索面斜拉桥合理的抗震约束体系,运用有限元软件Sap,结合该桥的特点,建立了索塔纵向、过渡墩纵横向均自由和索塔纵横向、过渡墩横向均约束两种不同约束的体系下桥梁的有限元模型,这两种约束体系分别视为方案1和方案2,并对其分别进行自振特性以及的地震响应分析.结果表明,方案2和方案1相比,主塔支座处的剪力、塔柱的内力以及过渡墩和主塔支座处的位移都降低了很多,索塔约束可降低主塔的内力,从而提高主塔的安全度,因此推荐采用索塔纵横向、过渡墩横向均约束的方案.%In order to find out the appropriate seismic constraint system for single pylons and double cable planes cable-stayed bridge, the space finite element model of the bridge with different constraint system was established by using the software Sap program: tower is free in longitudinal direction and transition piers is free in longitudinal and lateral directions; tower is constrained in longitudinal and lateral directions and transition piers is constrained in lat eral direction. The two kinds of constraint system are regarded as Scheme 1 and Scheme 2. The analysis of the structural natural vibration characteristic and response under earthquake wave were carried out. The results of calculation indicate that, comparing with Scheme 1, the shear at the tower bearing, the force of tower, the displacement at tran sition piers and tower bearing of scheme 2 are all reduced,and the safety of tower of scheme 2 is enhanced. So Scheme 2 is adopted in the paper.

  18. Nuclear power plant cable materials :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Celina, Mathias Christopher; Gillen, Kenneth T; Lindgren, Eric Richard

    2013-05-01

    A selective literature review was conducted to assess whether currently available accelerated aging and original qualification data could be used to establish operational margins for the continued use of cable insulation and jacketing materials in nuclear power plant environments. The materials are subject to chemical and physical degradation under extended radiationthermal- oxidative conditions. Of particular interest were the circumstances under which existing aging data could be used to predict whether aged materials should pass loss of coolant accident (LOCA) performance requirements. Original LOCA qualification testing usually involved accelerated aging simulations of the 40-year expected ambient aging conditions followed by a LOCA simulation. The accelerated aging simulations were conducted under rapid accelerated aging conditions that did not account for many of the known limitations in accelerated polymer aging and therefore did not correctly simulate actual aging conditions. These highly accelerated aging conditions resulted in insulation materials with mostly inert aging processes as well as jacket materials where oxidative damage dropped quickly away from the air-exposed outside jacket surface. Therefore, for most LOCA performance predictions, testing appears to have relied upon heterogeneous aging behavior with oxidation often limited to the exterior of the cable cross-section a situation which is not comparable with the nearly homogenous oxidative aging that will occur over decades under low dose rate and low temperature plant conditions. The historical aging conditions are therefore insufficient to determine with reasonable confidence the remaining operational margins for these materials. This does not necessarily imply that the existing 40-year-old materials would fail if LOCA conditions occurred, but rather that unambiguous statements about the current aging state and anticipated LOCA performance cannot be provided based on

  19. Performance Improvement of a Measurement Station for Superconducting Cable Test

    CERN Document Server

    Arpaia, P; Montenero, G; Le Naour, S

    2012-01-01

    A fully digital system, improving measurements flexibility, integrator drift, and current control of superconducting transformers for cable test, is proposed. The system is based on a high-performance integration of Rogowski coil signal and a flexible direct control of the current into the secondary windings. This allows state-of-the-art performance to be overcome by means of out-of-the-shelf components: on a full-scale of 32 kA, current measurement resolution of 1 A, stability below 0.25 Amin-1, and controller ripple less than 50 ppm. The system effectiveness has been demonstrated experimentally on the superconducting transformer of the Facility for the Research of Superconducting Cables at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN).

  20. 辽宁海州露天矿边坡预应力锚索远程监测系统%Slope prestressed anchor cable remote monitoring system in Liaoning Haizhou open-pit mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛开江; 张宏伟; 韩军; 李胜

    2012-01-01

    With the closure of Haizhou open-pit mine, the rock mass structure is weakening and the supporting force of surrounding rock becoming smaller, the slope of Haizhou open-pit mine is unstable and has potential risks for large scale landslides. Based on the engineering geological condition, the slope shape, the steady-state and monitoring pur- pose of Haizhou open-pit mine, research and develop the slope prestressed anchor cable remote monitoring system in Liaoning Haizhou open-pit mine. The GPRS long range wireless transmission technology was used to remote initiative monitoring rock stress of slope for obtaining the characteristics of rock deformation and slip information, It can monitor the slope anchor cable stress all-weather and it is suitable for medium-and long-term slope monitoring as it power sup- plied by solar energy. According to the field application of the slope monitoring and the slope stability analysis in Haizhou open-pit mine, the system was proved to monitoring the slope stability in real time. It has important signifi- cance to control the slope landslide.%随着海州露天矿的闭坑,岩体结构越来越弱化,围岩的支承能力越来越小,露天矿边坡处于不稳定状态,具有发生大规模滑坡的潜在危险。根据海州露天矿工程地质条件,边坡形态,稳定状态及监测目的,研发海州露天矿边坡预应力锚索远程监测系统。系统应用GPRS远距离无线传输技术远程主动监测边坡岩体内部应力变化来获取岩体变形特征和滑移信息,实现边坡锚索应力全天候连续自动监测,其采用太阳能进行供电,适用于边坡中、长期监测。通过对海州露天矿边坡监测与边坡稳定性分析的现场应用实践证明,该系统可以对边坡稳态进行实时监测,对边坡滑坡灾害防治具有重要意义。

  1. 基于Android平板电脑的无线索力测量系统终端设计①%Design of Wireless Measurement System's Terminal of Cable Tension Force Based on Android Pad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志君; 吴康雄

    2013-01-01

    In order to facilitate the field measurement of cable tension force and improve the efficiency of measurement, the terminal of wireless mesurement system based on Android pad is designed. This paper introduced the system's structure,focused on the terminal's hardware design and application program design and implementation.The terminal has a good man-machine interface, easy to carry, stable performance, and has good application prospect in engineering.%  为了方便现场测量,提高测量效率,提出了一种基于 Android 平板电脑的拉索索力无线测量系统终端设计方案。介绍了系统的结构组成,重点讲解了手持终端硬件设计以及应用程序设计与实现。该终端具有良好的人机交互界面,实际操作简单,携带方便,性能稳定,在工程上具有较高的应用前景。

  2. Calo trigger acquisition system

    CERN Multimedia

    Franchini, Matteo

    2016-01-01

    Calo trigger acquisition system - Evolution of the acquisition system from a multiple boards system (upper, orange cables) to a single board one (below, light blue cables) where all the channels are collected in a single board.

  3. Iterative Learning Tracking Control of a Hybrid-Driven Based Three-Cable Parallel Manipulator

    OpenAIRE

    Bin Zi; Jianbin Cao; Sen Qian

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this work was to present iterative learning tracking control of a hybrid-driven based three-cable parallel manipulator (HDCPM). The HDCPM has the advantages of both cable parallel manipulator and hybrid-driven planar five-bar mechanism. Design of the HDCPM is described and dynamic model is developed on the basis of Lagrange method. Consider the HDCPM system with nonlinear, time-varying characteristics and repetitive unknown disturbances; an adaptive iterative learning control strat...

  4. Superconducting current transformer for testing Nb3Sn cable splicing technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To provide a quick feedback on different approaches to superconducting cable splicing design and assembly techniques, a superconducting current transformer that can deliver more than 20 kA for testing splice samples has been designed and fabricated. The existing infrastructure of the Short Sample Test Facility at Fermilab, including its cryostat, power supply, and data acquisition system, was used for housing and operating the transformer. This report presents the design features of the transformer and the main results of cable splice tests

  5. A Novel Method for PD Feature Extraction of Power Cable with Renyi Entropy

    OpenAIRE

    Jikai Chen; Yanhui Dou; Zhenhao Wang; Guoqing Li

    2015-01-01

    Partial discharge (PD) detection can effectively achieve the status maintenance of XLPE (Cross Linked Polyethylene) cable, so it is the direction of the development of equipment maintenance in power systems. At present, a main method of PD detection is the broadband electromagnetic coupling with a high-frequency current transformer (HFCT). Due to the strong electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated among the mass amount of cables in a tunnel and the impedance mismatching of HFCT and the da...

  6. Multiple Dissipative Devices for Blast-Resisting Cable-Supported Glazing Façades

    OpenAIRE

    Claudio Amadio; Chiara Bedon

    2013-01-01

    The paper analyzes the structural response of a high-level air blast loaded cable-supported façade. Since the glass panels and the cables present a typical brittle behavior and are subjected to elevated tensile stresses when a high-level explosion occurs, multiple dissipative devices are simultaneously introduced in the conventional glazing system to mitigate the maximum effects of the design blast wave. Dynamic analyses are performed using a sophisticated FE-model to describe accurately the ...

  7. HVDC Submarine Power Cables in the World: State-of-the-Art Knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    ARDELEAN MIRCEA; MINNEBO Philip

    2015-01-01

    This report is the first deliverable of the OTG ("Offshore Transnational Grid") Work Package (2015-2016), which is intended to identify and analyse the engineering and geopolitical challenges for realising a transcontinental energy interconnection between Europe and North America. The paper first of all addresses the principles of a High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) power transmission system. Special attention is given to submarine cable interconnections. The spatial context of these cables ...

  8. PE/PVC materials in HV cable jackets. Breakdown voltage of PE/PVC materials; PE/PVC-Materialien in Aussenmaenteln von Hochspannungskabeln. Durchschlagspannung von PE/PVC-Materialien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, Uwe; Xu, Liang; Schufft, Wolfgang [Technische Univ. Chemnitz-Zwickau, Chemnitz (Germany). Fakultaet fuer Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik

    2010-12-13

    Cables are spaced across increasingly longer distances in HV engineering. Integration of offshore wind farms and the construction of new transmission and distribution grids would be impossible without cables. Voltages and overvoltages in operation are managed according to international standards using overvoltage protection systems. However, there may be instances in which voltage occur that exceed the strength of the cable jacket. (orig.)

  9. Self-healing cable for extreme environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huston, Dryver R. (Inventor); Tolmie, Bernard R. (Inventor)

    2009-01-01

    Self-healing cable apparatus and methods disclosed. The self-healing cable has a central core surrounded by an adaptive cover that can extend over the entire length of the self-healing cable or just one or more portions of the self-healing cable. The adaptive cover includes an axially and/or radially compressible-expandable (C/E) foam layer that maintains its properties over a wide range of environmental conditions. A tape layer surrounds the C/E layer and is applied so that it surrounds and axially and/or radially compresses the C/E layer. When the self-healing cable is subjected to a damaging force that causes a breach in the outer jacket and the tape layer, the corresponding localized axially and/or radially compressed portion of the C/E foam layer expands into the breach to form a corresponding localized self-healed region. The self-healing cable is manufacturable with present-day commercial self-healing cable manufacturing tools.

  10. Multiple Dissipative Devices for Blast-Resisting Cable-Supported Glazing Façades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Amadio

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the structural response of a high-level air blast loaded cable-supported façade. Since the glass panels and the cables present a typical brittle behavior and are subjected to elevated tensile stresses when a high-level explosion occurs, multiple dissipative devices are simultaneously introduced in the conventional glazing system to mitigate the maximum effects of the design blast wave. Dynamic analyses are performed using a sophisticated FE-model to describe accurately the response of the façade equipped by dissipative devices. Based on numerical results of previous contributions, viscoelastic spider connectors (VESCs are introduced in the points of connection between glass panels and pretensioned cables, to replace “rigid” spider connectors commonly used in practice. At the same time, rigid-plastic frictional devices (RPDs are installed at the top of the bearing cables to mitigate furthermore the bracing system. As a result, due to the combined use of VESCs and RPDs opportunely calibrated, the maximum tensile stresses in the glass panels and in the cables appear strongly reduced. In addition, the proposed devices do not trouble the aesthetics of such transparent structural systems. At last, simple design rules are presented to predict the response of cable-supported façades subjected to high-level dynamic loads and to preliminary estimate the mechanical parameters of combined VESCs and RPDs.

  11. TEM Cell Testing of Cable Noise Reduction Techniques From 2 MHz to 200 MHz - Part 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Arthur T.; Evans, William C.; Reed, Joshua L.; Shimp, Samuel K.; Fitzpatrick, Fred D.

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents empirical results of cable noise reduction techniques as demonstrated in a TEM cell operating with radiated fields from 2 - 200 MHz. It is the first part of a two-paper series. This first paper discusses cable types and shield connections. In the second paper, the effects of load and source resistances and chassis connections are examined. For each topic, well established theories are compared to data from a real-world physical system. Finally, recommendations for minimizing cable susceptibility (and thus cable emissions) are presented. There are numerous papers and textbooks that present theoretical analyses of cable noise reduction techniques. However, empirical data is often targeted to low frequencies (e.g. 100 MHz). Additionally, a comprehensive study showing the relative effects of various noise reduction techniques is needed. These include the use of dedicated return wires, twisted wiring, cable shielding, shield connections, changing load or source impedances, and implementing load- or source-to-chassis isolation. We have created an experimental setup that emulates a real-world electrical system, while still allowing us to independently vary a host of parameters. The goal of the experiment was to determine the relative effectiveness of various noise reduction techniques when the cable is in the presence of radiated emissions from 2 MHz to 200 MHz. The electronic system (Fig. 1) consisted of two Hammond shielded electrical enclosures, one containing the source resistance, and the other containing the load resistance. The boxes were mounted on a large aluminium plate acting as the chassis. Cables connecting the two boxes measured 81 cm in length and were attached to the boxes using standard D38999 military-style connectors. The test setup is shown in Fig. 2. Electromagnetic fields were created using an HP8657B signal generator, MiniCircuits ZHL-42W-SMA amplifier, and an EMCO 5103 TEM cell. Measurements were taken using an Agilent E4401B

  12. Cable Television 1980: Status and Prospect for Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baus, F., Ed.

    Baseline information for the would-be cable television educational programer is provided by two papers, one an overview of the state of the cable television industry, and the other a report on a marketing study conducted to determine consumer attitudes toward cable TV as an educational medium. In "The Promise and Reality of Cable Television,"…

  13. 30 CFR 75.828 - Trailing cable pulling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Trailing cable pulling. 75.828 Section 75.828... Longwalls § 75.828 Trailing cable pulling. The trailing cable must be de-energized prior to being pulled by any equipment other than the continuous mining machine. The cable manufacturer's recommended...

  14. 47 CFR 32.2426 - Intrabuilding network cable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Intrabuilding network cable. 32.2426 Section 32... Intrabuilding network cable. (a) This account shall include the original cost of cables and wires located on the... between buildings on one customer's same premises. Intrabuilding network cables are used to...

  15. 47 CFR 32.2424 - Submarine & deep sea cable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Submarine & deep sea cable. 32.2424 Section 32... Submarine & deep sea cable. (a) This account shall include the original cost of submarine cable and deep sea cable and other material used in the construction of such plant. Subsidiary record categories,...

  16. 46 CFR 183.340 - Cable and wiring requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... insulation resistance of the remainder of the cable is measured, and it is determined that the condition of the insulation is unimpaired. (n) All material in a cable splice must be chemically compatible with... reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) except that asbestos insulated cable and dry location cables may not be...

  17. Bending behavior of lapped plastic ehv cables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morgan, G H; Muller, A C

    1980-01-01

    One of the factors delaying the development of lapped polymeric cables has been their reputed poor bending characteristics. Complementary programs were begun at BNL several years ago to mathematically model the bending of synthetic tape cables and to develop novel plastic tapes designed to have moduli more favorable to bending. A series of bend tests was recently completed to evaluate the bending performance of several tapes developed for use in experimental superconducting cables. The program is discussed and the results of the bend tests are summarized.

  18. Longitudinal stability control of orchard cable-driven hanging transport system%果园钢索牵引货运系统负载纵向稳定性控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洲; 李伟; 李君; 李雪平; 薛坤鹏

    2015-01-01

    为有效抑制果园钢索牵引悬挂式货运系统吊重的纵向偏摆,该文采用根轨迹校正法设计了系统纵向运行稳定性控制器。在忽略侧向运动影响的前提下,利用拉格朗日方程建立了线性化的纵向动力学模型。通过在左半复平面添加2个零点,对系统的根轨迹进行了校正。仿真和试验结果表明:所提出的只考虑吊重在纵向平面内运动的数学模型能够表述原系统运动特性,设计的控制器可快速衰减纵向偏摆,抑制吊重纵向摆动角度在±1.5°以内,将摆角角速度幅度极值减小至10%。该研究为悬挂货运系统的纵向稳定性控制提供了参考依据。%A cable-driven hanging transport system has the characteristics of labor saving, economic efficiency and good revenue, along with good prospect for increasing orchard utilization. Compared with the wheeled carrier and crawler, it can meet the demand of the complex mountainous topography. Both during and after transfer, the load motion of the hanging system can cause load swings, which is undesirable especially in the variations of acceleration. The longitudinal oscillations may lead to the instability of system and damage of agricultural goods. The aim of this paper is to develop an effective control method for the load motion that produces short travel time with suppressed load swing and satisfies operational constraints. Due to the nonlinearities of spatial three-dimensional motion of transferred load, the dynamics of the cable-driven hanging transport system showed complexity with coupled motion of load. In fact, the lateral movement had little effect on the longitudinal stability due to the low transport speed of cable and lager curvature radius of rails, which could be ignored in the development of plant equations. In order to effectively suppress the longitudinal load swings, the Lagrange equations were utilized and a mathematical model of the transport system was

  19. The first cable for the HL-LHC producted at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2016-01-01

    A Rutherford cabling machine is operated in the superconducting laboratory in building 163. The machine was used for the production of the Nb-Ti cables in the LHC magnets. Today, it is operated for the assembly of the high-performance cables, made from state-of-the-art Nb3Sn conductor, for the LHC High Luminosity Upgrade. Key elements of the machine are of a precision Turkshead equipped with a variable power drive, a caterpillar, a dimensional control bench, a data acquisition system, and a take-up unit. The video shows the production of a long length Rutherford cable, made from 40 Nb3Sn strands, that will be use in a 11 T LHC High Luminosity dipole magnet. The wiring machine is the only one left in Europe able to do such a job.

  20. Stochastic Response of an Inclined Shallow Cable with Linear Viscous Dampers under Stochastic Excitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhou, Qiang; Nielsen, Søren R.K.; Qu, Weilian

    2010-01-01

    Considering the coupling between the in-plane and out-of-plane vibration, the stochastic response of an inclined shallow cable with linear viscous dampers subjected to Gaussian white noise excitation is investigated in this paper. Selecting the static deflection shape due to a concentrated force...... at the dampers location and the first sine term as shape functions, a reduced four-degree-of-freedom system of nonlinear stochastic ordinary differential equations are derived to describe dynamic response of the cable. Since only polynomial-type terms are contained, the fourth-order cumulant-neglect closure...... together with the C-type Gram-Charlier expansion with a fourth-order closure are applied to obtain statistical moments, power spectral density and probabilistic density function of the cable response, whose availability is verified by Monte Carlo method. Taking a typical cable as an example, the influence...

  1. Effect of corrugated characteristics on the liquid nitrogen temperature field of HTS cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Z. M.; Li, Y. X.; Zhao, Y. Q.; Gao, C.; Qiu, M.; Chen, G. F.; Gong, M. Q.; Wu, J. F.

    2014-01-01

    In the high temperature superconducting (HTS) cable system, liquid nitrogen is usually chosen to be the coolant because of its low saturation temperature and large latent heat of vaporization. Thus, it is very important for superconducting cables that the liquid nitrogen temperature field keeps stable. However, the cryostat is usually made of flexible corrugated pipes and multi-layer insulation materials. The characteristics (e.g. wave pitch and wave depth) of corrugated pipes may have an effect on the heat exchange between cable and liquid nitrogen, even the whole temperature field of liquid nitrogen. In this paper, a two-dimensional model for 30 m long HTS cable has been modified to analyze the effect of corrugated characteristics on the temperature field of liquid nitrogen. The liquid nitrogen temperature difference between the outlet and the inlet of passage gradually increases as the wave pitch of the corrugated tube decreases and the wave depth increases.

  2. 基于高分子压电线缆的智能家居系统设计%The Design of Intelligent Home Furnishing System Based on Polymer Piezoelectric Cable

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向洋; 郑震; 肖双满; 石明江

    2016-01-01

    As people's living standards continue to improve, a low-cost, low manpower, stable and reliable home security systems are increasingly being required. This system should be adopted in accordance with the piezoelectric polymer piezoelectric material as a sensor, the charge signal output by the piezoelectric charge cable processing circuit is converted to a voltage pulse signal, the microcontroller through the AD converter to determine the voltage signal magnitude, someone invasion, sound and light alarm system complete with a stepper motor driven rotary camera intruder photos. After testing, the system response speed, fixed-point shooting accurate, reliable, low power consumption, has a strong practical value.%设计一套低成本、低人力、稳定可靠的家居安防系统,采用高分子压电线缆作为传感器,将压电线缆输出的电荷信号通过电荷处理电路,转换为电压脉冲信号,单片机通过AD转换,判断电压信号大小,在有人入侵时,系统完成声光报警并用步进电机旋转带动照相机拍摄入侵者照片。经过测试,系统响应速度快、定点拍摄精确高、稳定可靠、能耗低、具有很强的实用价值。

  3. Aerodynamic problems of cable-stayed bridges spanning over one thousand meters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Airong; Ma Rujin; Wang Dalei

    2009-01-01

    Tbe elongating of cable-stayed bridge brings a series of aerodynamic problems. First of all, geometric nonlin-ear effect of extreme long cable is much more significant for cable-stayed bridge spanning over one thousand meters. Lat-eral static wind load will generate additional displacement of long cables, which causes the decrease of supporting rigidi-ty of the whole bridge and the change of dynamic properties. Wind load, being the controlling load in the design of ca-hie-stayed bridge, is a critical problem and needs to be solved. Meanwhile, research on suitable system between pylon and deck indicates fixed-fixed connection system is an effective way for improvement performance of cable-stayed bridges under longitudinal wind load. In order to obtain aerodynamic parameters of cable-stayed bridge spanning over one thou-sand meters, identification method for flutter derivatives of full bridge aero-elastic model is developed in this paper. Furthermore, vortex induced vibration and Reynolds number effect are detailed discussed.

  4. Cable vibration control with both lateral and rotational dampers attached at an intermediate location

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lin; Sun, Limin; Nagarajaiah, Satish

    2016-09-01

    Lateral dampers have been extensively studied and implemented for supplementing modal damping in cable vibration mitigation. When considering the cable flexural stiffness that is actually present, albeit small, there is another degree of freedom of the cable at the lateral damper, namely the rotation, that can be constrained by a rotational damper to achieve larger additional damping. This is of particular significance for long cables where the near-anchorage lateral damper alone is usually insufficient. The problem of a cable with bending stiffness, attached with both lateral and rotational dampers at an intermediate point, is therefore considered in this study. The characteristic equation of the resulting system is formulated by assembling the dynamic stiffness from the two segments divided by the damper, which is subsequently solved using argument principle method. Dynamics of the controlled system is thus discussed in general through parametric analysis. For the case where the damper location is close to the anchorage, asymptotic solutions for complex frequency and damping ratio are provided; explicit formulas for determining the optimal damper coefficients are also derived. It is found that when the lateral and rotational damper coefficients are properly balanced, the proposed strategy can achieve up to 30 percent damping enhancement compared to the case with only the lateral damper, in practical cable bending stiffness range.

  5. Progress of 275 kV-3 kA YBCO HTS cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yagi, M.; Mukoyama, S.; Amemiya, N.; Ishiyama, A.; Wang, X.; Aoki, Y.; Saito, T.; Ohkuma, T.; Maruyama, O.

    2011-11-01

    A 275 kV-3 kA high temperature superconducting (HTS) cable has been developed in the Materials & Power Applications of Coated Conductors (M-PACC) project. AC loss reduction of a two-layer HTS conductor was undertaken by removing the edges of YBCO tapes with low critical current density. The HTS conductor using these tapes was fabricated, and low loss of 0.235 W/m at 3 kA rms was achieved. The 275 kV-3 kA cable was designed, and the 2 m model cables were fabricated. This cable had 325 mm 2 copper stranded former inside the HTS conductor and a 310 mm 2 copper shield layer on the HTS shield layer for over-current protection. These cables withstood an over-current of 63.0 kA for 0.6 s, which is the worst situation for 275 kV systems. The partial discharge (PD) and V- t characteristics of a liquid nitrogen (LN 2)/polypropylene (PP) laminated paper composite insulation system have been integrated into the design of the insulation for the 275 kV cable. The results revealed that the PD inception stress (PDIE) did not depend on the insulation thickness, and that lifetime indices of V- t characteristics at PD inception were as high as about 80-100.

  6. 3-D Numerical Simulations of Twisted Stacked Tape Cables

    OpenAIRE

    Krüger, Philipp A. C.; Zermeño, Victor M. R.; Takayasu, Makoto; Grilli, Francesco

    2014-01-01

    Different magnet applications require compact high current cables. Among the proposed solutions, the Twisted Stacked Tape Cable (TSTC) is easy to manufacture and has very high tape length usage efficiency. In this kind of cables the tapes are closely packed, so that their electromagnetic interaction is very strong and determines the overall performance of the cable. Numerical models are necessary tools to precisely evaluate this interaction and to predict the cable's behavior, e.g. in terms o...

  7. Simplified modeling of EM field coupling to complex cable bundles

    OpenAIRE

    Schetelig, B.; J. Keghie; Kanyou Nana, R.; Fichte, L.-O.; S. Potthast; Dickmann, S.

    2010-01-01

    In this contribution, the procedure "Equivalent Cable Bundle Method" is used for the simplification of large cable bundles, and it is extended to the application on differential signal lines. The main focus is on the reduction of twisted-pair cables. Furthermore, the process presented here allows to take into account cables with wires that are situated quite close to each other. The procedure is based on a new approach to calculate the geometry of the simplified cable and us...

  8. Condition Monitoring of Cables Task 3 Report: Condition Monitoring Techniques for Electric Cables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villaran, M.; Lofaro, R.; na

    2009-11-30

    For more than 20 years the NRC has sponsored research studying electric cable aging degradation, condition monitoring, and environmental qualification testing practices for electric cables used in nuclear power plants. This report summarizes several of the most effective and commonly used condition monitoring techniques available to detect damage and measure the extent of degradation in electric cable insulation. The technical basis for each technique is summarized, along with its application, trendability of test data, ease of performing the technique, advantages and limitations, and the usefulness of the test results to characterize and assess the condition of electric cables.

  9. Analysis and Experiment Research on Dehumidification and Anti-corrosion System of Main Cable of Suspension Bridge Based on Waste Heat Recovery%基于余热回收的悬索桥主缆除湿防腐系统节能分析与实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭关中; 缪小平; 范良凯; 贾代勇; 刘文杰; 马喜斌

    2011-01-01

    Main cable is one of the most important bearing components of suspension bridge, and also the irreplaceable component, known as the “lifeline” of the suspension bridge. The main cable is exposed to the atmosphere for a long time, and withstands the erosion of various adverse environments, which results in the rust and corrosion of steel wire of main cable. The dehumidification and anti-corrosion system will send dry air into the main cable,reduce the air relative humidity,so as to avoid rust and corrosion of steel wire, and improve the service life. In this paper, the principle and composition of the dehumidification and anticorrosion system of main cable were described, and a dehumidification and anti-corrosion system of main cable of suspension bridge based on the waste heat recovery was proposed. The test rig for testing the performance of heat exchanger was built up, and the experiment results indicated that when the regenerated air flowrate of the rotary dehumidifier was 1/3 of the rotary dehumidification air flowrate,with the increase of the rotary dehumidification air flowrate, the heat exchange efficiency of the heat exchanger would be improved,the temperature of the regenerated air would rise through the heat exchanger, which would reduce the heating capacity of regeneration electric heater, and save the energy consumption of the dehumidification and anti-corrosion system of main cable.Therefore, the waste beat recovery technology was favorable for the energy conservation of the dehumidification and anti-corrosion system of main cable.%主缆是悬索桥最重要的受力构件之一,且是不可更换构件,被称为悬索桥的"生命线".主缆长期暴露在大气环境中,经受着各种不利环境的侵蚀,导致主缆钢丝易产生锈蚀.主缆除湿防腐系统将干燥空气送入主缆,降低主缆内的空气湿度,从而避免主缆钢丝锈蚀.提高了主缆钢丝的使用寿命.本文阐述了主缆除湿防腐系统的原理及组

  10. Influence of Icing on Bridge Cable Aerodynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koss, Holger; Frej Henningsen, Jesper; Olsen, Idar

    2013-01-01

    In recent years the relevance of ice accretion for wind-induced vibration of structural bridge cables has been recognised and became a subject of research in bridge engineering. Full-scale monitoring and observation indicate that light precipitation at moderate low temperatures between zero and -5......°C may lead to large amplitude vibrations of bridge cables under wind action. For the prediction of aerodynamic instability quasi-steady models have been developed estimating the cable response magnitude based on structural properties and aerodynamic force coefficients for drag, lift and torsion...... forces of different bridge cables types. The experiments were conducted in a wind tunnel facility capable amongst others to simulate incloud icing conditions....

  11. Ecology: Electrical Cable Bacteria Save Marine Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Lars Peter

    2016-01-11

    Animals at the bottom of the sea survive oxygen depletion surprisingly often, and a new study identifies cable bacteria in the sediment as the saviors. The bacterial electrical activity creates an iron 'carpet', trapping toxic hydrogen sulfide.

  12. Chinese Market for Fibres and Cables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    This article presents a summary of Chinese market of optical fibres and cables based on the development of the optical communications industry. Analysis shows that the market will keep growing for sometime in the future.

  13. A nautical study of towed marine seismic streamer cable configurations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedersen, Egil

    1996-12-31

    This study concerns marine seismic surveying and especially the towed in-sea hardware which is dominated by recording cables (streamers) that are extremely long compared to their diameter, neutrally buoyant and depth controlled. The present work aims to examine the operations from a nautical viewpoint, and the final objective is to propose improvements to the overall efficiency of marine seismic operations. Full-scale data were gathered from seismic vessels in order to identify which physical parameters affect the dynamic motion of the towing vessel and its in-sea hardware. Experimental test programmes have been carried out, and data bases with the hydrodynamic characteristics of the test equipment have been established at speeds comparable to those used in seismic operations. A basic analysis tool to provide dynamic simulations of a seismic streamer cable has been developed by tailoring the computer program system Riflex, and the validation and accuracy of this modified Riflex system are evaluated by performing uncertainty analyses of measurements and computations. Unexpected, low-frequency depth motions in towed seismic streamer cables occasionally take place when seismic data are being acquired. The phenomenon is analysed and discussed. 99 refs., 116 figs., 5 tabs.

  14. Evaluation of Cable Harness Post-Installation Testing. Part B

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, M. S.; Iannello, C. J.

    2011-01-01

    The Cable Harness Post-Installation Testing Report was written in response to an action issued by the Ares Project Control Board (PCB). The action for the Ares I Avionics & Software Chief Engineer and the Avionics Integration and Vehicle Systems Test Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Manager in the Vehicle Integration Office was to develop a set of guidelines for electrical cable harnesses. Research showed that post-installation tests have been done since the Apollo era. For Ares I-X, the requirement for post-installation testing was removed to make it consistent with the avionics processes used on the Atlas V expendable launch vehicle. Further research for the report involved surveying government and private sector launch vehicle developers, military and commercial aircraft, spacecraft developers, and harness vendors. Responses indicated crewed launch vehicles and military aircraft perform post-installation tests. Key findings in the report were as follows: Test requirements identify damage, human-rated vehicles should be tested despite the identification of statistically few failures, data does not support the claim that post-installation testing damages the harness insulation system, and proper planning can reduce overhead associated with testing. The primary recommendation of the report is for the Ares projects to retain the practice of post-fabrication and post-installation cable harness testing.

  15. Study on optical attenuation performance of special stock power optical cable based on a wind induced vibration environment in laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jie; Zhao, Ziyuan

    2010-08-01

    For the purpose of 10G communication system upgrade for Guangdong Power Grid, laboratory simulation tests on dynamic and temperature cycle are performed for the reserved cables (stock optical cables) of existing 2.5G special optical cable lines that have operated for ten years, in order to verify the possibility of optical cable to be upgraded to a 10G transmission level and evaluate the degradation level of optical cables. This paper points out the necessity of laboratory test on attenuation performance in a wind-induced vibration environment, describes the test methods thereof, summarizes and analyzes a variety of optical attenuation performance data, and finds that the attenuation performance of current OPGW, ADSS, ADL optical fiber lines in wind-induced vibration environment meets the industry standards.

  16. Rural Electric Network Alteration Spurs Cable Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>Most aluminum cable enterprises in Yunnan and Zhejiang focus their production capacity on overhead cables needed in rural electric network alteration. During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, China launched the rural electric network alteration & upgrade project. As of the middle of 2011, the budget of the central government for the rural electric network alteration & upgrade project planned by the National Development and Reform Commission has reached up to RMB 64.96 billion.

  17. Ecology: Electrical Cable Bacteria Save Marine Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lars Peter

    2016-01-01

    Animals at the bottom of the sea survive oxygen depletion surprisingly often, and a new study identifies cable bacteria in the sediment as the saviors. The bacterial electrical activity creates an iron 'carpet', trapping toxic hydrogen sulfide.......Animals at the bottom of the sea survive oxygen depletion surprisingly often, and a new study identifies cable bacteria in the sediment as the saviors. The bacterial electrical activity creates an iron 'carpet', trapping toxic hydrogen sulfide....

  18. A Cable-Shaped Lithium Sulfur Battery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Xin; Weng, Wei; Ren, Jing; Peng, Huisheng

    2016-01-20

    A carbon nanostructured hybrid fiber is developed by integrating mesoporous carbon and graphene oxide into aligned carbon nanotubes. This hybrid fiber is used as a 1D cathode to fabricate a new cable-shaped lithium-sulfur battery. The fiber cathode exhibits a decent specific capacity and lifespan, which makes the cable-shaped lithium-sulfur battery rank far ahead of other fiber-shaped batteries.

  19. 基于校园网络的有线电视系统设计与实现——以南通大学为例%Design and Implementation of the Cable TV System based on the Campus Network —Take Nantong University as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪朔东; 刘晶

    2012-01-01

      校园电视系统的建设对推进校园文化建设有着很重要的意义,随着计算机网络的快速发展,传统的有线电视已经满足不了师生的需求。为此,结合学校原有的有线电视资源,采用多种信号传输相结合的方式,提出了一套基于校园网络的有线电视系统建设方案。%  The construction of campus TV system has a very important significance to promote the construction of campus cul⁃ture, with the rapid development of the computer network, the traditional cable television can't satisfy the demand of teachers and students. Therefore, combining the original cable TV resources, use a variety of transmission combination mode and put for⁃ward a construction scheme of cable TV system based on the campus network.

  20. Environmental assessment of submarine power cables

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Extensive analyses conducted by the European Community revealed that offshore wind energy have relatively benign effects on the marine environment by comparison to other forms of electric power generation [1]. However, the materials employed in offshore wind power farms suffer major changes to be confined to the marine environment at extreme conditions: saline medium, hydrostatic pressure... which can produce an important corrosion effect. This phenomenon can affect on the one hand, to the material from the structural viewpoint and on the other hand, to the marine environment. In this sense, to better understand the environmental impacts of generating electricity from offshore wind energy, this study evaluated the life cycle assessment for some new designs of submarine power cables developed by General Cable. To achieve this goal, three approaches have been carried out: leaching tests, eco-toxicity tests and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodologies. All of them are aimed to obtaining quantitative data for environmental assessment of selected submarine cables. LCA is a method used to assess environmental aspects and potential impacts of a product or activity. LCA does not include financial and social factors, which means that the results of an LCA cannot exclusively form the basis for assessment of a product's sustainability. Leaching tests results allowed to conclude that pH of seawater did not significantly changed by the presence of submarine three-core cables. Although, it was slightly higher in case of broken cable, pH values were nearly equals. Concerning to the heavy metals which could migrate to the aquatic medium, there were significant differences in both scenarios. The leaching of zinc is the major environmental concern during undersea operation of undamaged cables whereas the fully sectioned three-core cable produced the migration of significant quantities of copper and iron apart from the zinc migrated from the galvanized steel. Thus, the tar

  1. Environmental assessment of submarine power cables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isus, Daniel; Martinez, Juan D. [Grupo General Cable Sistemas, S.A., 08560-Manlleu, Barcelona (Spain); Arteche, Amaya; Del Rio, Carmen; Madina, Virginia [Tecnalia Research and Innovation, 20009 San Sebastian (Spain)

    2011-03-15

    Extensive analyses conducted by the European Community revealed that offshore wind energy have relatively benign effects on the marine environment by comparison to other forms of electric power generation [1]. However, the materials employed in offshore wind power farms suffer major changes to be confined to the marine environment at extreme conditions: saline medium, hydrostatic pressure... which can produce an important corrosion effect. This phenomenon can affect on the one hand, to the material from the structural viewpoint and on the other hand, to the marine environment. In this sense, to better understand the environmental impacts of generating electricity from offshore wind energy, this study evaluated the life cycle assessment for some new designs of submarine power cables developed by General Cable. To achieve this goal, three approaches have been carried out: leaching tests, eco-toxicity tests and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodologies. All of them are aimed to obtaining quantitative data for environmental assessment of selected submarine cables. LCA is a method used to assess environmental aspects and potential impacts of a product or activity. LCA does not include financial and social factors, which means that the results of an LCA cannot exclusively form the basis for assessment of a product's sustainability. Leaching tests results allowed to conclude that pH of seawater did not significantly changed by the presence of submarine three-core cables. Although, it was slightly higher in case of broken cable, pH values were nearly equals. Concerning to the heavy metals which could migrate to the aquatic medium, there were significant differences in both scenarios. The leaching of zinc is the major environmental concern during undersea operation of undamaged cables whereas the fully sectioned three-core cable produced the migration of significant quantities of copper and iron apart from the zinc migrated from the galvanized steel. Thus, the tar

  2. Special MV cable for long stator winding application Transrapid Shanghai; Cable MT special pour enroulements de stator long sur le train Transrapid de Shanghai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buethe, H.; Le Dren, S.; Steinbrink, D.; Zamzow, P.E. [Nexans Industries GmbH and Co KG (Germany)

    2003-07-01

    The long stator winding of the Transrapid represents the most innovative high speed MAGLEV technology application for a special rubber MV cable with formerly unequaled mechanical and electrical requirements. For the first time, we are able to provide details about this special MV cable solution, using high quality rubber compounds for conductor insulation and semiconductive outer sheath with gliding coating for the long stator winding of the Transrapid Shanghai propulsion system, and to report that the high demands and specifications of the whole system were fulfilled. (authors)

  3. How IMS Enables Converged Services for Cable and 3G Technologies: A Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mani Mehdi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The IP multimedia subsystem (IMS is a service control overlay standardized by the 3GPP. The IMS is based on session initiation protocol (SIP to establish, modify, and terminate the sessions. It provides a clean separation between services, signaling, and media with the potential to enable control and management of services over multiple transport technologies. In the scope of fixed-mobile convergence, this paper is dedicated to presenting a review of how cable networks can be integrated into IMS technology to achieve 3G-cable horizontal convergence. Cable networks, as one of the major fixed broadband access technologies with PacketCable architecture, are able to provide broadband internet access and VoIP in addition to cable TV. In this article, we review the evolution in PacketCable architecture to take up IMS. In this way, we consider the standardization and research activities to address this integration. We review some important challenges such as SIP protocol compatibility, defining unique user profile, required enhancement in authentication process, QoS and charging system.

  4. Ocean thermal conversion (OTEC) project bottom cable protection study: environmental characteristics and hazards analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chern, C.; Tudor, W.

    1981-10-01

    Seafloor cable-protection criteria and technology as applied to the four proposed OTEC plant sites and cable routes at Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam and Florida were examined. Study of environmental characteristics for each site covered: (A) natural factors of location, tide and currents, wind and wave, bottom soil type and seafloor movement; and (B) man-made factors such as ship traffic, fishing activities, ocean mining, government regulations. These characteristics were studied to determine the hazards which are potential sources of damage to a cable system. Hazards include: chafe and corrosion, hydrodynamic forces due to wave and current action, mudslides, earthquakes, trawler and/or dredge action and ship anchors. An analysis of the history of submarine-cable failures was conducted. Included are the probabilities of damage related to water depth. Probabilities become minimal for all hazards in water depths of 1500 feet and more. Chafe and corrosion had the highest probability of causing damage to a seafloor cable compared to the other hazards. Because of the hazards present at all sites, cable burial is recommended as the best means of protection.

  5. How IMS Enables Converged Services for Cable and 3G Technologies: A Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noël Crespi

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The IP multimedia subsystem (IMS is a service control overlay standardized by the 3GPP. The IMS is based on session initiation protocol (SIP to establish, modify, and terminate the sessions. It provides a clean separation between services, signaling, and media with the potential to enable control and management of services over multiple transport technologies. In the scope of fixed-mobile convergence, this paper is dedicated to presenting a review of how cable networks can be integrated into IMS technology to achieve 3G-cable horizontal convergence. Cable networks, as one of the major fixed broadband access technologies with PacketCable architecture, are able to provide broadband internet access and VoIP in addition to cable TV. In this article, we review the evolution in PacketCable architecture to take up IMS. In this way, we consider the standardization and research activities to address this integration. We review some important challenges such as SIP protocol compatibility, defining unique user profile, required enhancement in authentication process, QoS and charging system.

  6. Study for installation of fiber optic cables on operating transmission lines; Estudo para instalacao de cabos opticos em LTs em operacao

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guimaraes, Arnaldo Cursino [Eletronet, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Pardauil, Nagib Bechara [ELETRONORTE, Belem, PA (Brazil)

    2002-10-01

    This article performs a comparison among the various alternatives for implantation of an optical system in existing transmission lines. The work takes into consideration the substitution of lightning conductors by OPGW cables, the installation of self-sustained cables, the using of spined optical cables, the installation of a new transmission line and a case study for the 500 kV section between the Tucurui and Presidente Dutra substations.

  7. Optimization of electron beam crosslinking of wire and cable insulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The computer simulations based on Monte Carlo (MC) method and the ModeCEB software were carried out in connection with electron beam (EB) radiation set-up for crosslinking of electric wire and cable insulation. The theoretical predictions for absorbed dose distribution in irradiated electric insulation induced by scanned EB were compared to the experimental results of irradiation that was carried out in the experimental set-up based on ILU 6 electron accelerator with electron energy 0.5–2.0 MeV. The computer simulation of the dose distributions in two-sided irradiation system by a scanned electron beam in multilayer circular objects was performed for various process parameters, namely electric wire and cable geometry (thickness of insulation layers and copper wire diameter), type of polymer insulation, electron energy, energy spread and geometry of electron beam, electric wire and cable layout in irradiation zone. The geometry of electron beam distribution in the irradiation zone was measured using CTA and PVC foil dosimeters for available electron energy range. The temperature rise of the irradiated electric wire and irradiation homogeneity were evaluated for different experimental conditions to optimize technological process parameters. The results of computer simulation are consistent with the experimental data of dose distribution evaluated by gel-fraction measurements. Such conformity indicates that ModeCEB computer simulation is reliable and sufficient for optimization absorbed dose distribution in the multi-layer circular objects irradiated with scanned electron beams. - Highlights: ► We model wire and cables irradiation process by Monte Carlo simulations. ► We optimize irradiation configuration for various process parameters. ► Temperature rise and irradiation homogeneity were evaluated. ► Calculation (dose) and experimental (gel-fraction) results were compared. ► Computer simulation was found reliable and sufficient for process optimization.

  8. Ship nuclear power device of cable aging management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cable for marine nuclear power plant continuous delivery of electrical energy. Cable is mostly in the high temperature and strong radiation and harsh working environment, and can not be replaced in the lifetime This should be the cable aging management methods through research, maintenance and repair program to provide a scientific basis. Cable aging management approach for a number of different levels of cable management at different levels, relying on computers and other modern tools, the use of information management database software maintenance of the cable through the science of aging control. Cable Aging Management including the scope of cable aging management, classification management basis and used for different levels of management supervision and implementation of means testing approach. Application of the ship that has the operational management science, both planned maintenance to improve the science, but also improves the efficiency of aging management. This management method can be extended to nuclear power plants of cable aging management. (authors)

  9. Test of two prototype high-temperature superconducting transmission cables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lue, J.W.; Lubell, M.S.; Kroeger, D.M.; Martin, P.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Demko, J.A.; Jones, E.C. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (United States); Sinha, U.; Hughey, R.L. [Southwire Co., Carrollton, GA (United States)

    1996-10-01

    Two 500-A class prototype high-temperature superconducting cables have been constructed by Southwire Company and tested at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In the first cable, no insulation was used to separate the individual HTS tapes. In the second cable, Kapton tape was used to insulate the HTS tapes between successive layers for the study of AC loss and current distribution. The cables were tested with both DC and AC currents in liquid nitrogen from 77 to 69 K. Both cables achieved DC critical current, I{sub c} greater than 500 A. A calorimetric technique that measures the cable temperature rise under ac currents was used to measure the ac loss of the cables. The un-insulated cable showed a cryoresistive behavior under the 60 Hz AC currents. The insulated cable started to show measurable loss at current where there was corresponding resistive loss.

  10. Full-scale fire experiments on vertical horizontal cable trays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mangs, J.; Keski-Rahkonen, O. [VTT Building Technology, Espoo (Finland). Building Physics, Building Services and Fire Technology

    1997-10-01

    Two full-scale fire experiments on PVC cables used in nuclear power plants were carried out, one with cables in vertical position and one with cables in horizontal position. The vertical cable bundle, 3 m high, 300 mm wide and 30 mm thick, was attached to a steel cable ladder. The vertical bundle experiment was carried out in nearly free space with three walls near the cable ladder guiding air flow in order to stabilise flames. The horizontal cable experiment was carried out in a small room with five cable bundles attached to steel cable ladders. Three of the 2 m long cable bundles were located in an array, equally spaced above each other near one long side of the room and two correspondingly near the opposite long side. The vertical cable bundle was ignited with a small propane gas burner beneath the lower edge of the bundle. The horizontal cable bundles were ignited with a small propane burner beneath the lowest bundle in an array of three bundles. Rate of heat release by means of oxygen consumption calorimetry, mass change, CO{sub 2}, CO and smoke production rate and gas, wall and cable surface temperatures were measured as a function of time, as well as time to sprinkler operation and failure of test voltage in cables. Additionally, the minimum rate of heat release needed to ignite the bundle was determined. This paper concentrates on describing and recording the experimental set-up and the data obtained. (orig.)

  11. Power transmission over long three core submarine AC cables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rudolfsen, Frode [NTNU, Trondheim (Norway); Balog, Georg E.; Evenset, Gunnar [Nexans Norway AS (Norway)

    2002-07-01

    There is an increasing ecological consciousness in power generation and one of the renewable resources that will be exploited in the near future is wind power. However, there are several undesirable facets to the onshore use of windmills so the large deployment of future windmills will be offshore, from 20 to 120 km off land. The electrical energy produced must be conveyed to land through submarine cables. There are two main modes of transport of bulk electrical energy, high voltage AC and DC transmission. There are a number of criteria used when a transmission system is designed, electrical, environmental and so on, but the cost of the transmission system is usually the deciding factor. The HVDC transmission is made possible by the use of Voltage Source Converter technology. Although this technology can start up with no rotating load and requires smaller footprint for the converter than previous technologies, the areas required are still very large and costly by offshore standards. Also the losses in the converters are relatively high, 4-6 %. It is well known that the HVAC transmission length is limited. The reason for this is the charging current that depends on type of insulation material and increases with the cable length and voltage. In recent years AC submarine cable systems are developed up to 170 kV with XLPE insulation. The development for higher voltages is commencing. There are a number of reasons that makes the increased transmission length with AC possible. The XLPE insulation has lower charging current than earlier used insulation materials, because of it's lower dielectric constant. The development of active, continuously variable compensators, Static VAR Compensators, may be used to achieve the lowest losses and charging currents under all operating conditions. The SVC allows also to take advantage of the reactive loads generated offshore and to reduce the offshore compensation requirements. Using three core submarine HVAC cables combined with

  12. An application of 8L4S176T observation system to seismic acquisition of ocean-bottom cable in CF block, Bohai Sea%8L4S176T观测系统在渤海CF区块海底电缆地震采集中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚旭东; 张建峰; 王志亮; 杨志国; 钮依莎

    2012-01-01

    In order to acquire excellent seismic data in the complex transitional zone of CF block, Bohai Sea, 8L4S176T observation system was applied, and several technical issues were appraised in detail, including acquisition equipment, source selection, cable laying, secondary positioning, etc. For the operation difficulties, such as low efficiency, big impact of tidal current, and many passing ships, during seismic acquisition, a series of technical measures were developed, including shooting along the survey lines, laying two more cables in advance, shooting at different time, increasing the cable weight, protecting cables with "an enclosure method" and other appropriate measures. The adoption of these measures has resulted in acquiring more information of wave field, improving effectively resolution of seismic data and increasing accuracy in imaging deep complex structures of the block.%为在渤海CF区块复杂过渡带获得高品质的地震采集资料,采用了8L4S176T观测系统,并在采集设备、震源选型、电缆铺设、二次定位等方面进行了详细论证;分析了采集作业过程中存在的施工效率低、潮流影响大、过往船只多等作业难点,提出了沿测线放炮、提前多铺设2根电缆、分时放炮、增加电缆配重、“圈地法”护缆等相应的技术措施,实施后取得了更丰富的波场信息,有效提高了地震资料分辨率,改善了该区块中深层复杂构造的成像精度.

  13. 福建省有线数字电视安全播出监测系统设计实现%Design and Implementation of the Security Monitoring System of Cable Digital TV in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李仁朗

    2015-01-01

    安全播出是广播电视永恒的主题,监测系统是确保广播电视安全播出的重要环节,是广播电视传输系统的“晴雨表”“温度计”,前者一旦出现任何问题,后者立刻就可以最直观、最科学、最及时的信息进行体现。通过监测系统的建设,提高了广播电视安全播出的管理水平和应急处理能力。文章以福建省有线数字电视安全播出监测系统为例,介绍了省级安全播出监测系统建设的需求、设计及实现,为广播电视安全播出监测系统建设提供了一种新的模式和思路,具有良好的示范效应。%Safety broadcast radio and television eternal theme, the monitoring system is an important link to ensure the safety of radio and television broadcast, is the "barometer" of radio and television transmission system "thermometer", the former if there is any problem, the latter can immediately to the most intuitive, most scientiifc, the most timely information to relfect. Through the construction of the monitoring system, improve the management level and emergency handling ability of the radio and TV safety broadcast. Taking Fujian digital cable television security broadcast monitoring system as an example, introduces the provincial security broadcast monitoring system for the construction of the demand, design and implementation, for the security of broadcast TV broadcast monitoring system construction provides a new mode and a new idea, has a good demonstration effect.

  14. Design the Olympic stadium smart cabling system%奥运体育场馆中的智能综合布线系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林坤

    2014-01-01

    The combination of the State Sports General Administration released the "stadium intelligent system technology requirements",designed for the Olympic stadium in integrated wiring system of the various subsystems, has reached the Olympic stadium intelligence requirements.%文章结合国家体育总局发布的《体育场馆智能化系统技术要求》,针对奥运体育场馆中综合布线系统中的各个子系统进行设计,已达到智能化奥运体育场馆的要求。

  15. Study on longitudinal wind load calculation method of cables for cable-stayed bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pei Minshan; Zhang Xigang; Zhu Bin; Hou Bin; Liu Changpeng

    2009-01-01

    Along with the expanding of span of cable-stayed bridge, wind load becomes a more and more important controlling factor for bridge the design. A very large proportion of the wind load acting on cables has exceeded that acting on deck. There was not any detailed prescript in Chinese code for calculation of longitudinal wind load on cables due to lack of theoretical research and experiment, and conservative simplified calculation was adopted during design, which leads to conservative and uneconomical design of structures. To resolve this problem, cable force experiment was carried out during the design of Sutong Bridge. By comparing with international research results, the calculation formula of longitudinal wind drag coefficient for cables was advanced to fill the blank of bridge wind resistant code of China, and has already been adopted in the Highway Bridge Wind Resistant Design Code (JTG/T D60-01-2004) with great significance for bridge engineering.

  16. Design of a series elastic- and Bowden cable-based actuation system for use as torque-actuator in exoskeleton-type training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veneman, J.F.; Ekkelenkamp, R.; Kruidhof, R.; Helm, van der F.C.T.; Kooij, van der H.

    2005-01-01

    Common actuators have important drawbacks for use in an exoskeleton type of rehabilitation (training) robot. Either the actuators are heavy, complex or poor torque sources. A new actuation system is proposed and tested that combines a lightweight joint and a simple structure with adequate torque sou

  17. Common Mode Prediction on Cable Shielded Drive System in Electric Vehicle%带有屏蔽线缆的电动车辆动力系统共模模型与预测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙铁雷; 林程; 曹万科

    2012-01-01

    A typical PWM variable-speed AC motor drive is studied in order to investigate the conducted electromagnetic interference (EMI) at both the input and output sides of the drive. High frequency equivalent circuit for the drive system which the cable are Shielded are proposed. The noise path required parasitic components extraction are implemented through theoretical analysis and experimental method. High frequency EMI source models are presented to consider PWM switching rise-time modeling. The overall circuit models for common-mode EMI prediction are obtained. The proposed method is verified by comparing the predicted spectrum with experimental tests.%以典型的PWM变频驱动电机系统为对象,研究了干扰通道寄生参数和高频干扰源的建模方法,同时在动力系统建模中分析了动力线缆屏蔽所起到抑制共模辐射的因素并建模。分别提出且建立了带有动力系统屏蔽线缆的系统级共模干扰的高频电路模型,并对变频驱动装置在电网侧和负载电机侧的传导干扰进行了计算,以一台工业产品驱动装置为对象进行了实验验证,测试结果与计算结果的对比证明了该文方法的正确性。

  18. Evaluation of cable ageing in Nuclear Power Plants; Evaluacion del envejecimiento de cables en centrales nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez Vergara, T. [Empresarios Agrupados, A. I. E. Madrid (Spain); Alonso Chicote, J. [TECNATOM, S. A. (Spain); Burnay, S. [AEA Technology (UK)

    2000-07-01

    The majority of power, control and instrumentation cables in nuclear power plants use polymers as their basic material for insulation and jacket. In many cases, these cables form part of safety-related circuits and should therefore be capable of operating correctly under both normal and accident conditions. Since polymeric materials are degraded by the long term action of the radiation and thermal environments found in the plant, it is important to be able to establish the cable condition during the plant lifetime. Nowadays there are a number of different methods to evaluate the remaining lifetime of cables. In the case of new plants, or new cables in old plants, accelerated ageing tests and predictive models can be used to establish the behaviour of the cable materials under operating conditions. There are verified techniques and considerable experience in the definition of predictive models. This type of approach is best carried out during the commissioning stage or in the early stages of operation. In older plants, particularly where there is a wide range of cable types in use, it is more appropriate to use condition monitoring methods to establish the state of degradation of cables in-plant. Over the last 10 years there have been considerable developments in methods for condition monitoring of cables and a tool-box of practical techniques are now available. There is no single technique which is suitable for all cable materials but the range of methods covers nearly all of the types currently in use, at present, the most established methods are the indented, thermal analysis (OIT, OITP and TGA) and dielectric loss measurements, All of these are either non-destructive methods or require only micro-samples of material. (Author) 15 refs.

  19. Quality control testing of cables for accelerator magnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garber, M.; Sampson, W.B. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA))

    1989-01-01

    A large number of cables have been tested for the CBA, HERA, and SSC Projects. The short sample test procedures and apparatus are reviewed. A simple rule for estimating cable performance from measurements on strands taken from the cable is described. By using this rule of thumb'' cable vendors can make reliable estimates without having to invest in the substantial equipment required for full cable testing. Extracted strand tests should be checked periodically by full scale tests on complete cables. 9 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Measurements for validation of high voltage underground cable modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Claus Leth; Gudmundsdottir, Unnur Stella; Wiechowski, Wojciech Tomasz;

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses studies concerning cable modelling for long high voltage AC cable lines. In investigating the possibilities of using long cables instead of overhead lines, the simulation results must be trustworthy. Therefore a model validation is of great importance. This paper describes...... field test setups and measurements on an already installed cable line with several cross bonding points. These measurements are to be used for cable model validation, which are prepared using simulations. The proposed field tests should be used to validate the cable model for overvoltage problems...