WorldWideScience

Sample records for bypass surgery patients

  1. Gastric bypass surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Y gastric bypass; Gastric bypass - Roux-en-Y; Weight-loss surgery - gastric bypass; Obesity surgery - gastric bypass Patient Instructions Bathroom safety - adults Gastric bypass surgery - discharge Laparoscopic gastric banding - discharge ...

  2. Stressors and anxiety in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gallagher, Robyn; McKinley, Sharon

    2007-01-01

    Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery who have increased anxiety levels have poorer outcomes than patients with lower levels, yet few studies have identified the concerns associated with this anxiety...

  3. Transfusion requirements in elective cardiopulmonary bypass surgery patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sivapalan, Praleene; Bäck, Anne Caroline; Ostrowski, Sisse Rye

    2017-01-01

    Managing haemostasis in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery remains a challenge. There is no established laboratory test to predict transfusion requirements in cardiac surgery. We investigated whether preoperative Thromboelastography (TEG) with Platelet Mapping Assay (PMA......) or Multiple Electrode Aggrometry (MEA) could predict transfusion requirements in patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or combined CABG with aortic or mitral valve replacement. We prospectively investigated 199 patients undergoing elective CABG or combined procedures. PMA and MEA...

  4. Coronary Bypass Surgery in a 105-Year-Old Patient with Cardiopulmonary Bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Temucin Noyan Ogus

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery bypass grafting is one of the routine daily surgical procedures in the current era. Parallel to the increasing life expectancy, cardiac surgery is commonly performed in octogenarians. However, literature consists of only seldom reports of coronary artery bypass grafting in patients above 90 years of age. In this report, we present our management strategy in a 105-year-old patient who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting at our institution.

  5. Heart bypass surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Off-pump coronary artery bypass; OPCAB; Beating heart surgery; Bypass surgery - heart; CABG; Coronary artery bypass graft; Coronary artery bypass surgery; Coronary bypass surgery; Coronary artery disease - CABG; CAD - CABG; Angina - ...

  6. Gastric bypass surgery - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... heart disease Gastric bypass surgery Laparoscopic gastric banding Obesity Obstructive sleep apnea - adults Type 2 diabetes Patient Instructions Getting out of bed after surgery Weight-loss surgery - after - what to ask your doctor Weight- ...

  7. Cold agglutinins in patients undergoing cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbara, David W; Mauermann, William J; Neal, James R; Abel, Martin D; Schaff, Hartzell V; Winters, Jeffrey L

    2013-09-01

    Cold agglutinins (CA) are circulating autoantibodies present in most humans. They are active below normal body temperatures. Cold hemagglutinin disease involves the presence of CA sufficiently active at temperatures in the periphery to produce hemolysis or agglutination. Systemic hypothermia and cold cardioplegia may result in agglutination or hemolysis. We reviewed the experience of a large referral center in managing patients with CA and cold hemagglutinin disease undergoing cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass. The electronic medical records from 2002 to 2010 were searched to identify patients with CA or cold hemagglutinin disease who underwent cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass. Information related to preoperative CA testing and treatment, surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass, postoperative complications, and mortality was recorded. Sixteen patients underwent 19 procedures requiring cardiopulmonary bypass. Six patients had cold hemagglutinin disease. The identification of CA was made intraoperatively in 3 patients. One patient underwent preoperative plasma exchange. Cold blood cardioplegia was used in 2 of 16 procedures using cardioplegia, with the remaining using warmer blood cardioplegia. The lowest recorded intraoperative core temperature was less than 34 °C in 1 case. CA-related postoperative hemolysis requiring transfusion was present in 1 patient, which was resolved with active warming. No patient had evidence of permanent myocardial dysfunction, had a neurologic event, required dialysis, or died within 30 days. All patients with CA/cold hemagglutinin disease at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine safely underwent cardiac surgery without major adverse morbidity or mortality. Patients with CA but without evidence of cold hemagglutinin disease can safely undergo normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass at 37°C and warm cardioplegia without further testing. Patients with cold hemagglutinin disease should undergo laboratory testing including

  8. Heart bypass surgery - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Off-pump coronary artery bypass - discharge; OPCAB - discharge; Beating heart surgery - discharge; Bypass surgery - heart - discharge; CABG - discharge; Coronary artery bypass graft - discharge; Coronary artery ...

  9. In situ saphenous vein bypass surgery in diabetic patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, L P; Schroeder, T V; Lorentzen, J E

    1992-01-01

    .005). Indication for surgery was gangrene or ulceration in 57% of diabetics, as opposed to 36% in non-diabetic patients (p = 0.0002). A femoro-popliteal bypass was performed in 18% of patients, whereas 82% received an infrapopliteal procedure, of which 42% were to the distal third of the calf or foot. Diabetic......From 1986 through to 1990 a total of 483 consecutive in situ infra-inguinal vein bypass procedures were performed in 444 patients, of whom 112 (25%) were diabetics (57 insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and 55 non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus). Based on a prospective vascular data registry...... this material was analysed to determine the influence of diabetes on the outcome. Preoperative risk factors were equally distributed among diabetic and non-diabetic patients, except for smoking habits (diabetics: 48%; non-diabetics: 64%, p = 0.002) and cardiac disease (diabetics: 45%; non-diabetics: 29%, p = 0...

  10. Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... don't help, you may need coronary artery bypass surgery. The surgery creates a new path for ... narrowed area or blockage. This allows blood to bypass (get around) the blockage. Sometimes people need more ...

  11. Heart bypass surgery - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100190.htm Heart bypass surgery - series—Normal anatomy To use the sharing ... Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited ...

  12. Rural Bypass for Elective Surgeries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weigel, Paula A M; Ullrich, Fred; Finegan, Chance N; Ward, Marcia M

    2017-04-01

    Rural bypass of Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) for elective inpatient and outpatient surgical procedures has not been studied. Residents choosing to have their elective surgeries elsewhere, when the local CAH provides those surgical services, erode their rural hospital's financial base. The purpose of this research is to describe the elective surgical bypass rate, the procedures most commonly bypassed by rural residents, the distribution of volume among CAHs that offer elective surgical services, and factors predictive of bypass. A sample of elective surgery discharges was created from the 2011 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Databases and State Ambulatory Surgery Databases for Colorado, North Carolina, Vermont, and Wisconsin. Frequencies of procedures bypassed and CAH volume distribution were performed. Logistic regression was used to model factors associated with rural bypass for elective surgical care. The rural bypass rate for elective surgical procedures is 48.4%. Procedures bypassed most are operations on the musculoskeletal system, eye, and digestive system. Annual volume distribution for elective surgical procedures among CAHs varied widely. Patients who are younger, medically complex, at higher surgical risk, and have private insurance are at higher odds of bypass. Patients are also more likely to bypass low-volume hospitals. Rural hospitals should consider developing surgical services that are performed electively and on an outpatient basis that are attractive to a broader rural population. CAHs that already offer elective surgical procedures and yet who are still bypassed must examine the mutable factors that drive bypass behavior. © 2015 National Rural Health Association.

  13. [Clinical Analysis of Esophageal Bypass Surgery with Nutritional Assessment in Patients with Unresectable Esophageal Cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funaki, Hiroshi; Fujii, Yoritaka; Fujita, Jun; Morioka, Emi; Kaida, Daisuke; Ohonishi, Toshio; Tomita, Yasuto; Noguchi, Miki; Fujita, Hideto; Kinami, Shinichi; Nakano, Yasuharu; Ueda, Nobuhiko; Kosaka, Takeo

    2015-11-01

    Esophageal bypass surgery is palliative surgery for unresectable esophageal cancer with esophageal stenosis, which often leads to poor nutrition. We investigated the clinical characteristics, nutritional status, and outcomes of patients who underwent esophageal bypass surgery. We reviewed 11 cases of esophageal bypass surgery for unresectable esophageal cancer performed in our hospital between 1992 and 2015, and we examined the surgical outcome along with preoperative nutritional assessment. There were 1, 9, and 1 cases of cStage Ⅲ, Ⅳa, and Ⅳb, respectively. For the bypass, a gastric tube was used in 8 cases and colon reconstruction in 3. Postoperative complications were 1 case of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (9%), 4 cases of anastomotic leakage (36%), and 4 cases of pneumonia (36%). The preoperative nutritional status (total protein, albumin, and cholinesterase levels) in the esophageal bypass group (n=11) was significantly worse than that in the esophagectomy group (n=40). The median survival of all patients (n=11) was 5.7 months. Patients receiving induction chemoradiotherapy followed by bypass surgery (n=7) had a median survival of 15.2 months. Since patients undergoing esophageal bypass surgery often present with malnutrition, attention to anastomotic leakage and infectious complications is necessary.

  14. Aortic bypass surgery for asymptomatic patients awaiting a kidney transplant: a word of caution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franquet, Q; Terrier, N; Pirvu, A; Rambeaud, J-J; Long, J-A; Janbon, B; Tetaz, R; Malvezzi, P; Jouve, T; Descotes, J-L; Fiard, G

    2018-02-02

    In the presence of severe aorto-iliac calcification, aortic bypass surgery can be mandatory to allow kidney transplantation. The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and outcomes of this strategy among asymptomatic patients. We retrospectively reviewed the files of all patients that had undergone vascular bypass surgery prior to kidney transplantation between November 2004 and March 2016. All patients undergoing aortic bypass surgery prior to kidney transplantation without any vascular-related symptoms were included. Twenty-one asymptomatic patients were included. Ten patients (48%) have not received a kidney transplant. Four patients died before kidney transplantation, including two deaths related to the bypass surgery (9.5%). Early post-operative morbidity involved 11 cases. Eleven patients (52%) were transplanted. Transplanted patients were significantly younger (median age 60 (56-61) versus 67 (60-72) years, p=0 .04) at the time of bypass and were less frequently treated for coronary heart disease (9% versus 50%, p=0.06). Aortic bypass surgery performed prior to kidney transplantation among asymptomatic patients has significant mortality and morbidity rates. When transplantation is possible, the results are satisfying. Larger studies are required to define the selection criteria, such as age and coronary heart disease. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  15. Current peripheral bypass surgery: various clinical studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slaa, Alexander te

    2011-01-01

    Substantial post-operative edema occurs in the majority of patients who undergo peripheral bypass surgery due to severe peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The pathophysiological mechanisms that underlay edema formation following peripheral bypass surgery include hyperemia, an increased capillary

  16. Metabolomic profiling in patients undergoing Off-Pump or On-Pump coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirov, H; Schwarzer, M; Neugebauer, S; Faerber, G; Diab, M; Doenst, T

    2017-04-05

    Coronary artery bypass surgery can be performed without (Off-Pump) or with cardiopulmonary bypass (On-Pump). Extracorporeal circulation and cardioplegic arrest may cause alterations in the plasma metabolome. We assessed metabolomic changes in patients undergoing On-Pump or Off-Pump coronary artery bypass surgery. We assessed five analyte classes (41 acylcarnitines, 14 amino acids, 92 glycerophospholipids, 15 sphingolipids, sugars, lactate) using a mass-spectrometry-based kit (Biocrates AbsoluteIDQ® p150) in paired arterial and coronary sinus blood obtained from 10 consecutive On-Pump and 10 Off-Pump patients. Cardioplegia for On-Pump was warm blood Calafiore. On-Pump outcomes were corrected for hemodilution through crystalloid priming. Demographic data were equal in both groups with normal ejection fraction, renal and liver function. Patients received 2.25 ± 0.64 bypass grafts. All postoperative courses were uneventful. Of 164 measured metabolites, only 13 (7.9%) were altered by cardiopulmonary bypass. We found more long-chain acylcarnitines Off-Pump and more short-chain acylcarnitines On-Pump. Glycerophospholipids showed lower concentrations On-Pump and arginine (as the only different amino acid) Off-Pump. Interestingly, plasma arginine (nitric oxide precursor) concentration at the end of surgery correlated inversely with postoperative vasopressor need (r = -0.7; p Pump surgery. Cardiopulmonary bypass and warm blood cardioplegia cause only minor changes to the metabolomic profile of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. The observed changes affected mainly acylcarnitines. In addition, there appears to be a relationship between arginine and vasopressor need after bypass surgery.

  17. Effects of Cardiopulmonary Bypass on Renal Perfusion, Filtration, and Oxygenation in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lannemyr, Lukas; Bragadottir, Gudrun; Krumbholz, Vitus; Redfors, Bengt; Sellgren, Johan; Ricksten, Sven-Erik

    2017-02-01

    Acute kidney injury is a common complication after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. The authors evaluated the effects of normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass on renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate, renal oxygen consumption, and renal oxygen supply/demand relationship, i.e., renal oxygenation (primary outcome) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Eighteen patients with a normal preoperative serum creatinine undergoing cardiac surgery procedures with normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (2.5 l · min · m) were included after informed consent. Systemic and renal hemodynamic variables were measured by pulmonary artery and renal vein catheters before, during, and after cardiopulmonary bypass. Arterial and renal vein blood samples were taken for measurements of renal oxygen delivery and consumption. Renal oxygenation was estimated from the renal oxygen extraction. Urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase was measured before, during, and after cardiopulmonary bypass. Cardiopulmonary bypass induced a renal vasoconstriction and redistribution of blood flow away from the kidneys, which in combination with hemodilution decreased renal oxygen delivery by 20%, while glomerular filtration rate and renal oxygen consumption were unchanged. Thus, renal oxygen extraction increased by 39 to 45%, indicating a renal oxygen supply/demand mismatch during cardiopulmonary bypass. After weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass, renal oxygenation was further impaired due to hemodilution and an increase in renal oxygen consumption, accompanied by a seven-fold increase in the urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase/creatinine ratio. Cardiopulmonary bypass impairs renal oxygenation due to renal vasoconstriction and hemodilution during and after cardiopulmonary bypass, accompanied by increased release of a tubular injury marker.

  18. Coronary artery bypass surgery in the diabetic patient.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Maher, M

    2012-02-03

    Coronary artery and peripheral occlusive arterial disease frequently complicate diabetes mellitus, with death due to atherosclerotic coronary artery disease being three times more likely in diabetic compared to non-diabetic patients. The profile of 32 diabetic patients and 32 matched controls who underwent coronary artery bypass (CABG) is studied and their early and late postoperative outcomes are described. The mean age was 61 +\\/- 1 year in both groups. The diabetic group comprised 26 non-insulin dependent and 6 insulin dependent diabetics, who had a mean duration of diabetes of 8.5 years (range 2 months--35 years). The median number of grafts per patient performed in the diabetic group and the control group was 3.5 and 3 respectively. There was no mortality in the series, however considerably greater wound morbidity rates were encountered in the diabetic group when compared to matched controls. One renal transplant patient in the diabetic group suffered irreversible acute tubular necrosis and became dialysis dependent post-operatively. Longterm follow-up showed no longterm mortality in either group, with full relief of angina achieved in 75% of diabetic patients compared with 87.5% of matched controls. In addition diabetic patients suffered greater longterm cardiac morbidity than the control group (21.8% versus 12.5%). The results of this study suggest that CABG is a safe operation for the diabetic patient. Diabetic patients receive satisfactory symptomatic relief of angina, but suffer increased perioperative wound complications and greater incidence of longterm cardiac morbidity.

  19. Evolution of elderly patients who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Moré Duarte

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: There is a steady increase in the number of elderly patients with severe cardiovascular diseases who require a surgical procedure to recover some quality of life that allows them a socially meaningful existence, despite the risks.Objectives: To analyze the behavior of elderly patients who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.Method: A descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted with patients over 65 years of age who underwent surgery at the Cardiocentro Ernesto Che Guevara, in Santa Clara, from January 2013 to March 2014.Results: In the study, 73.1% of patients were men; and there was a predominance of subjects between 65 and 70 years of age, accounting for 67.3%. Coronary artery bypass graft was the most prevalent type of surgery and had the longest cardiopulmonary bypass times. Hypertension was present in 98.1% of patients. The most frequent postoperative complications were renal dysfunction and severe low cardiac output, with 44.2% and 34.6% respectively.Conclusions: There was a predominance of men, the age group of 65 to 70 years, hypertension, and patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft with prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass. Renal dysfunction was the most frequent complication.

  20. Impact of Postoperative Hypothermia on Outcomes in Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Pey-Jen; Cassiere, Hugh A; Kohn, Nina; Mattia, Allan; Hartman, Alan R

    2017-08-01

    To determine the impact of postoperative hypothermia on outcomes in coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) patients. A retrospective study was performed on patients who underwent isolated CABG between 2011 and 2014. Single-center study at a university hospital. All patients who underwent isolated CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass between 2011 and 2014. Patients underwent isolated CABG on cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients were propensity-score matched based on the likelihood of being hypothermic (bypass, and had longer cardiopulmonary bypass runs compared with the normothermic group. Of the 748 patients who were propensity matched, there were no differences in blood and blood product transfusion requirements, mortality and complication rates, time on the ventilator, length of ICU stay, and length of hospital stay between hypothermic and normothermic patients. Hypothermia at ICU admission after CABG was not associated with increased adverse outcomes, possibly suggesting that complete rewarming before separation from cardiopulmonary bypass may not be essential in all patients. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Cardiovascular Surgery with Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Patients with Preoperative Non-dialysis Dependent Renal Insufficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahar, Temur; Kaplan, Mehmet; Muruvvet, Yilmaz; Nehir, Selcuk Ummuhan; Tolga, Can; Adlan, Olsun; Hakkı, Aydogan

    2015-04-28

    Preoperative renal insufficiency is a predictor of acute renal injury in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. From January 2010 to September 2012, 121 patients undergoing coronary bypass, valve replacement, or both were included in our retrospective study, using cardiopulmonary bypass. We compared the changes in renal function and clinical outcomes of 66 patients with a baseline serum creatinine level more than 1.5 mg/dL with 55 patients with normal serum creatinine levels. We analyzed the impact of cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with non-dialysis dependent renal insufficiency. In the group of patients with preoperative renal injury, the need for dialysis was greater, time of mechanical ventilation longer, and daily diuresis lesser compared with the group of patients with normal serum creatinine levels. Other clinical outcomes such as postoperative hemodynamic problems and organ dysfunction were similar. Prolonged time of cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamp affected postoperative renal injury. The study also showed intraoperative dopamine infusion at renal dose and ultrafiltration are not effective with protecting renal tubular function. Serum creatinine levels and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were found to be useful parameters for renal injury. These results demonstrate the safety and trustworthiness of cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with non-dialysis dependent renal insufficiency.

  2. Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and Clinical Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza Brito, Flávio; Mehta, Rajendra H; Lopes, Renato D; Harskamp, Ralf E; Lucas, B Daniel; Schulte, Phillip J; Tardif, Jean-Claude; Alexander, John H

    2017-04-01

    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used in perioperative pain management of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. However, the association of periprocedural use of NSAIDs and clinical outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft is understudied. We conducted a retrospective analysis using pooled data from 2 multicenter randomized controlled trials (PREVENT IV [n = 3014] and MEND-CABG II [n = 3023]). Rates of death, death or myocardial infarction, and death, myocardial infarction, or stroke in the 30 days following coronary artery bypass graft surgery were compared in patients using or not using perioperative NSAIDs. Inverse probability of treatment weighting and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to adjust for confounding. A total of 5887 patients were studied. Median age was 65 years, 78% were male, and 91% were White. NSAIDs were used in 2368 (40.2%) patients. The majority of patients (1822 [30.9%]) received NSAIDs after coronary artery bypass graft surgery; 289 (4.9%) used them prior to and after the surgery; and 257 (4.4) received NSAIDs prior to the surgery only. Adjusted 30-day outcomes were similar in patients receiving and not receiving NSAIDs (death: hazard ratio [HR] 1.18; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.48-2.92; death or myocardial infarction: HR 0.87; 95% CI, 0.42-1.79; death, myocardial infarction, or stroke: HR 0.87; 95% CI, 0.46-1.65). In this pooled data analysis, perioperative NSAID use was common among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery and was not associated with an increased short-term risk for major adverse clinical outcomes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Patients' strategies for eating after gastric bypass surgery: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillersdal, L; Christensen, B J; Holm, L

    2016-04-01

    There is considerable variation in the amount of weight patients lose after gastric bypass surgery, and this may be related to the way they adjust to the operation in their daily eating practices. Little is known about how this varies. On the basis of a qualitative research design, this study therefore explores how patients deal with gastric bypass surgery in their daily lives. The study is based on interviews with 24 men and women in Denmark diagnosed with morbid obesity who have had, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. The interviews were transcribed, coded and analysed using 'grounded theory' methodology. Three strategies used by patients to cope with postoperative changes were identified. In the first strategy, patients treat surgery as time-out, using the operation to facilitate a change in their ordinary habits of daily life, but not as a solution to overweight in itself. Patients adopting the second strategy of surgery as solution would expect their smaller stomach to hinder excess food intake automatically. The third strategy of abstaining was adopted by patients who were afraid to experience negative side effects, or who believed they might 'ruin the operation'. Patients adjust to their postoperative condition in very different ways. The variation in the ways patients comprehend and cope with the operation and in its effects on their eating routines and practices needs to be further investigated and compared more systematically with the outcomes of the operation in terms of weight loss and overall well-being.

  4. Undiagnosed phaeochromocytoma following infrainguinal bypass surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levi, N; Schroeder, T V

    1998-01-01

    We present a rare case of undiagnosed phaeochromocytoma following infrainguinal bypass surgery. The patient, a 59-year-old lady, had a one year history of hypertension following a first femoro-tibial bypass and presented as a cardiorespiratory emergency in the admission room following her...... contralateral femoro-tibial bypass. The patient recovered after some days in intensive care despite a delayed diagnosis....

  5. Physical fitness in morbidly obese patients: effect of gastric bypass surgery and exercise training

    OpenAIRE

    Stegen, Sanne; Derave, Wim; Calders, Patrick; Van Laethem, Christophe; Pattyn, Piet

    2011-01-01

    Background There is a growing consensus that bariatric surgery is currently the most efficacious and long-term treatment for clinically severe obesity. However, it remains to be determined whether poor physical fitness, an important characteristic of these patients, improves as well. The purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the effect of gastric bypass surgery on physical fitness and to determine if an exercise program in the first 4 months is beneficial. Methods Fifteen morbidly ...

  6. No major differences in 30-day outcomes in high-risk patients randomized to off-pump versus on-pump coronary bypass surgery: the best bypass surgery trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Christian H; Perko, Mario J; Lund, Jens T

    2010-01-01

    Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting compared with coronary revascularization with cardiopulmonary bypass seems safe and results in about the same outcome in low-risk patients. Observational studies indicate that off-pump surgery may provide more benefit in high-risk patients. Our objective...... was to compare 30-day outcomes in high-risk patients randomized to coronary artery bypass grafting without or with cardiopulmonary bypass....

  7. Physical fitness in morbidly obese patients: effect of gastric bypass surgery and exercise training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stegen, Sanne; Derave, Wim; Calders, Patrick; Van Laethem, Christophe; Pattyn, Piet

    2011-01-01

    There is a growing consensus that bariatric surgery is currently the most efficacious and long-term treatment for clinically severe obesity. However, it remains to be determined whether poor physical fitness, an important characteristic of these patients, improves as well. The purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the effect of gastric bypass surgery on physical fitness and to determine if an exercise program in the first 4 months is beneficial. Fifteen morbidly obese patients (BMI 43.0 kg/m(2)) were tested before and 4 months after gastric bypass surgery. Eight of them followed a combined endurance and strength training program. Before and after 4 months the operation, anthropometrical characteristics were measured, and an extensive assessment of physical fitness (strength, aerobic, and functional capacity) was performed. Large-scale weight loss through gastric bypass surgery results in a decrease in dynamic and static muscle strength and no improvement of aerobic capacity. In contrast, an intensive exercise program could prevent the decrease and even induced an increase in strength of most muscle groups. Together with an improvement in aerobic capacity, functional capacity increased significantly. Both groups evolved equally with regard to body composition (decrease in fat mass and fat-free mass). An exercise training program in the first 4 months after bariatric surgery is effective and should be promoted, considering the fact that physical fitness does not improve by weight loss only.

  8. Effect of Incentive Spirometry on Oxygenation in Patients after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    H Dehghani; MH Zahmatkesh; MH Abdullahi; A Dehghani

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Arterial hypoxemia is one of the main pulmonary complications after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Therefore, several proceedings have been recommended to reduce the complications, and to improve arterial hypoxemia as well as arterial blood gas parameters such as incentive spirometry. This study intended to investigate the effect of incentive spirometry on patients´ oxygenation. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, a sample size of 70 patients undergoing corona...

  9. A pilot study of cerebral tissue oxygenation and postoperative cognitive dysfunction among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting randomised to surgery with or without cardiopulmonary bypass*.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kok, W F; van Harten, A E; Koene, B M J A; Mariani, M A; Koerts, J; Tucha, O; Absalom, A R; Scheeren, T W L

    2014-06-01

    Coronary artery bypass surgery, performed with or without cardiopulmonary bypass, is frequently followed by postoperative cognitive decline. Near-infrared spectroscopy is commonly used to assess cerebral tissue oxygenation, especially during cardiac surgery. Recent studies have suggested an association between cerebral desaturation and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. We therefore studied cerebral oxygen desaturation, defined as area under the cerebral oxygenation curve 10 min.%, with respect to cognitive performance at 4 days (early) and 3 months (late) postoperatively, compared with baseline, using a computerised cognitive test battery. We included 60 patients, of mean (SD) age 62.8 (9.4) years, scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass grafting, who were randomly allocated to surgery with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. Cerebral desaturation occurred in only three patients and there was no difference in cerebral oxygenation between the two groups at any time. Among patients who received cardiopulmonary bypass, 18 (62%) had early cognitive decline, compared with 16 (53%) in the group without cardiopulmonary bypass (p = 0.50). Three months after surgery, 11 patients (39%) in the cardiopulmonary bypass group displayed cognitive dysfunction, compared with four (14%) in the non-cardiopulmonary bypass group (p = 0.03). The use of cardiopulmonary bypass was identified as an independent risk factor for the development of late cognitive dysfunction (OR 6.4 (95% CI 1.2-33.0) p = 0.027. In conclusion, although cerebral oxygen desaturation was rare in our population, postoperative cognitive decline was common in both groups, suggesting that factors other than hypoxic neuronal injury are responsible. © 2014 The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland.

  10. Arrhythmias after coronary bypass surgery.

    OpenAIRE

    Ormerod, O J; McGregor, C G; Stone, D L; Wisbey, C; Petch, M C

    1984-01-01

    Ninety patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery were studied prospectively by bedside and subsequent ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring to investigate the incidence, possible causes, and prevention of atrial fibrillation. Patients with good left ventricular function were divided randomly into a control group or groups treated with digoxin or propranolol. In the control group the incidence of atrial fibrillation was 27% and of significant ventricular extrasystoles 3%. Propranolol re...

  11. Determinants for early mortality in patients awaiting coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a case-control study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Suttorp, M. J.; Kingma, J. H.; Vos, J.; Koomen, E. M.; Tijssen, J. G.; Vermeulen, F. E.; Ascoop, C. A.; Ernst, J. M.

    1992-01-01

    A total of 1124 consecutive patients who were selected for coronary artery bypass graft surgery were studied. Of patients awaiting surgery (mean waiting time 98 days) 25 patients (2.2%) died before operation (mean waiting time 63 days). To assess patient characteristics predictive for early

  12. Ventricular apical vents and postoperative focal contraction abnormalities in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, R A; Kong, Y; Pritchett, E L; Warren, S G; Oldham, H N; Wagner, G S

    1977-03-01

    Ventriculograms made 9-15 months after surgery in 48 patients with normal preoperative apical contraction were reviewed to determine the influence of apical venting on apical wall motion in patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. After interpretation of postoperative apical wall motion, the patients were subdivided into two groups. One group consisted of 34 patients who were vented by inserting a catheter through the apex of the left ventricle and the second group included 14 patients in whom no transventricular vent was made. The two groups were similar clinically and hemodynamically before surgery, and the surgical procedures were similar with the exception of vent site. Following surgery, incidences of graft patency and antegrade flow to the apex were also similar. Nineteen (56%) patients in the apically vented group had apical dyskinesia or akinesia observed on the postoperative ventriculogram while none of the patients who were not apically vented had these findings. None of the patients with apical dyskinesia or akinesia had congestive heart failure following surgery. The postoperative ventriculograms of 12 patients with mitral stenosis who underwent valvulotomy by inserting a Tubbs dilator through the apex were also analyzed. Only one patient (8.5%) had apical dyskinesia or akinesia. Since the patients with mitral stenosis probably did not have significant coronary artery disease, it is possible that the combination of the apical vent and ischemic heart disease was responsible for the focal contraction abnormalities observed.

  13. Bypass surgery versus stenting for the treatment of multivessel disease in patients with unstable angina compared with stable angina

    OpenAIRE

    Feyter, Pim; Heuvel, P.; Unger, Felix; Beyar, R.; Lindeboom, Wietze; Valk, Vincent; Milo, S.; Simon, Rudiger; Tyers, Frank; Regensburger, D.; Crean, Peter; Penn, Ian; McGovern, E.; Cauwelaert, C.; Serruys, Patrick

    2002-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: Earlier reports have shown that the outcome of balloon angioplasty or bypass surgery in unstable angina is less favorable than in stable angina. Recent improvements in percutaneous treatment (stent implantation) and bypass surgery (arterial grafts) warrant reevaluation of the relative merits of either technique in treatment of unstable angina. Methods and Results- Seven hundred fifty-five patients with stable angina were randomly assigned to coronary stenting (374) or ...

  14. Effects of therapeutic touch on the vital signs of patients before coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zare, Zahra; Shahsavari, Hooman; Moeini, Mahin

    2010-01-01

    Currently healthy heart word considered to be the objective of community health applications in many countries of the world because cardiovascular diseases are the most important factor in mortality of humans, worldwide. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is one of the most common surgery procedures for these patients. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of therapeutic touch on medical vital signs of patients before coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The present study is a clinical trial with 44 samples that were selected by easy sampling method and based on two separate lists of random numbers for both men and women; they were divided into two groups. In the therapeutic touch group, intervention therapy was applied on patents for 20 minutes. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Test results showed that there was a significant difference between the mean pulse rate before and after intervention in both groups (p touch therapy as a safe and effective intervention on the patients which were revealed in this study, this technique can be used as a simple, cheap and applicable technique in all health care centers to help these patients.

  15. Coronary artery bypass surgery in a patient with Kartagener syndrome: a case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bougioukas Ioannis

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Kartagener syndrome consists of congenital bronchiectasis, sinusitis, and total situs inversus in half of the patients. A patient diagnosed with Kartagener syndrome was reffered to our department due to 3-vessel coronary disease. An off-pump coronary artery bypass operation was performed using both internal thoracic arteries and a saphenous vein graft. We performed a literature review for cases with Kartagener syndrome, coronary surgery and dextrocardia. Although a few cases of dextrocardia were found in the literature, no case of Kartagener syndrome was mentioned.

  16. Effect of Incentive Spirometry on Oxygenation in Patients after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Dehghani

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Arterial hypoxemia is one of the main pulmonary complications after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Therefore, several proceedings have been recommended to reduce the complications, and to improve arterial hypoxemia as well as arterial blood gas parameters such as incentive spirometry. This study intended to investigate the effect of incentive spirometry on patients´ oxygenation. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, a sample size of 70 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft was chosen. Incentive spirometry was applied in the experimental group, whereas no special intervention was taken in the control group. Arterial blood gas samples were measured in three stages: Preoperation, the first and second day after surgery. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS software version 16 using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: In terms of gender, 70% were males and 30% were females whose mean age was 61±9.7. Moreover, the duration of mechanical ventilation was 6.4±1.67. The study results indicated that no significant difference was observed between experimental and control groups in terms of parameters of arterial blood gases in preoperation, first and second postoperative days (P> 0.05. Conclusions: Utilizing incentive spirometry did not have any effects on improving oxygenation in patients in the first and second days after surgery, compared with routine hospital treatment .

  17. Preoperative hemostatic testing and the risk of postoperative bleeding in coronary artery bypass surgery patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rafiq, Sulman; Johansson, Pär I; Kofoed, Klaus F

    2016-01-01

    with excessive bleeding, 85.5AU ± 32.8 versus 108.5AU ± 30.0, p = 0.012. Bivariate analysis revealed body mass index, myocardial infarction, and multiplate-ADP as predictors of bleeding. In multivariable linear regression analysis, multiplate-ADP remained a significant predictor of bleeding (β: -6.2 [confidence...... enrolled in this prospective observational study. TEG, Multiplate aggregometry, and coagulation tests were sampled on the day before surgery. Excessive bleeding was defined as >1000 mL over 18 hours. RESULTS: Multiplate-adenosine diphosphate (ADP) measurements were significantly lower in patients......BACKGROUND: We sought to assess predictability of excessive bleeding using thrombelastography (TEG), multiplate impedance aggregometry, and conventional coagulation tests including fibrinogen in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. METHODS: A total of 170 patients were...

  18. On-Pump Versus Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in Elderly Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Houlind, Kim; Kjeldsen, Bo Juul; Madsen, Susanne Nørgaard

    2012-01-01

    Conventional coronary artery bypass grafting performed with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass is a well-validated treatment for patients with ischemic heart disease. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) has been suggested to reduce the number of perioperative complications, especially...

  19. A patient with profound weight loss after gastric bypass surgery: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael T Flannery

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: A case of profound weight loss after gastric bypass surgery with multiple negative evaluations. Case presentation: A 41-year-old African-American female presented with greater-than-expected weight loss after gastric bypass and increasing abdominal pain over a 2-year period. An extensive workup was pursued for the patient with blood analysis, tumor markers, imaging studies both computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, arterial studies, and endoscopy from above and below, all of which demonstrated normal results. The patient was followed up without improvement, and repeated studies were also normal. The patient was labeled with a nonorganic etiology for her symptoms, which led to a psychiatry referral which was refused. Conclusion: The patient’s surgeon, who already had removed a normal appendix and gallbladder, repeated a laparoscopic exam. The exam was normal except for a small focus of pancreatic cancer in the celiac plexus. The patient died from perioperative sepsis from peritonitis 2 days after surgery. The case is discussed and findings reviewed.

  20. Study of perioperative extravascular lung water and intrathoracic blood volume in patients undergoing CABG surgery with or without cardiopulmonary bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samia Ragab El Azab

    2014-10-01

    Discussion and Conclusion: The clinical advantage of off-pump CABG surgery over standard extracorporeal circulation in regard to lung water content was not found in our study. In conclusion, the presumed superiority of off pump surgery for coronary artery bypass grafting could not be confirmed in our group of patients.

  1. Dietary education among patients following coronary artery bypass surgery - a necessity or an unnecessary luxury?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szczepańska, Elżbieta; Brodzikowska, Malwina; Całyniuk, Beata

    2014-03-01

    Despite rapid progress in cardiology and cardiac surgery, cardiovascular disease still present a serious epidemiological problem in industrialized countries, including Poland. Great interest in risk factors of these diseases is associated with an improper lifestyle, including diet. We aimed to assess the dietary intake among patients with a history of coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery and to determine whether a regular dietary education among this population of patients is necessary. 212 patients with a history of CABG surgery were enrolled in the study. A questionnaire concerning the diet within 24 hours prior to the visit was used to obtain the necessary data. 43% of patients ate 4 to 5 servings per day. Milk was consumed most often several times per week or once every day. Meat consumption several times per week was reported by 41% of patients. 54% of patients reported eating fish several times per month. Half of the patients ate several servings of vegetables per day. 84% of patients used salt and other spices to season their meals. The energy value and the intake of protein, fats, carbohydrates and fiber was lower, while sodium intake was higher, than recommended for this group of patients. Patients with a history of CABG have an unhealthy diet, and do not follow the dietary guidelines. It is necessary to carry out systematic nutrition education among this group.

  2. Effect of Preferred Music Listening on Pain Reduction in Mechanically Ventilated Patients After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Kyavar; Karkhaneh; Rohanifar; Azarfarin; Sadeghpour; Alizadehasl; Ghadrdoost

    2016-01-01

    Background Pain is a symptom of discomfort or tissue injury experienced by patients. Among patients in intensive care unit (ICU), pain is a common phenomenon. Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of preferred music listening on behavioral measures of pain, as an indicator of pain assessment, in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Patients ...

  3. Clinical outcome of patients with familial hypercholesterolemia and coronary artery disease undergoing partial ileal bypass surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaqueline Scholz Issa

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Familial hypercholesterolemia is characterized by high serum levels of total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol. It may be homozygous or heterozygous. In homozygous patients, LDL-cholesterol levels range from 500 to 1000mg/dL and coronary artery disease is precocious, usually manifesting itself between the 2nd and 3rd decades of life. The diagnosis is often made by the presence of xanthoma tuberosum and tendinous xanthomas that appear between the 1st and 2nd decades of life. The use of high doses of statins or even unusual procedures (apheresis, partial ileal bypass surgery, liver transplantation, gene therapy, or both, is necessary for increasing survival and improving quality of life, because a reduction in cholesterol levels is essential for stabilizing the coronary artery disease and reducing xanthomas. We report our experience with 3 patients with xanthomatous familial hypercholesterolemia and coronary artery disease, who underwent partial ileal bypass surgery. Their follow-up over the years (approximately 8 years showed a mean 30% reduction in total cholesterol, with a significant reduction in the xanthomas and stabilization of the coronary artery disease.

  4. The Best Bypass Surgery Trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Christian H; Jensen, Birte Østergaard; Gluud, Christian

    2007-01-01

    Recent trials suggest that off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) reduces the risk of mortality and morbidity compared with conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CCAB) using cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients with a moderate- to high-risk of complications after CCAB may have...

  5. Patients? and partners? health-related quality of life before and 4 months after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Thomson, Patricia; Niven, Catherine A; Peck, David F; Eaves, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    Background Patients having coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) often depend on their partners for assistance before and after surgery. Whilst patients? physical and mental health usually improves after surgery little is known about the partners? health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in CABG. If the partners? physical and emotional health is poor this can influence their caregiving role and ability to support the patient. This study aimed: to increase understanding of patients? and partner...

  6. Bypass materials in vascular surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willich, Stephan N.

    2006-03-01

    (DIMDI, as well as by a manual search. The for-mer included the following electronic resources: SOMED (SM78, Cochrane Library - Central (CCTR93, MEDLINE Alert (ME0A, MEDLINE (ME95, CATFILEplus (CATLINE (CA66, ETHMED (ED93, GeroLit (GE79, HECLINET (HN69, AMED (CB85, CAB Abstracts (CV72, GLOBAL Health (AZ72, IPA (IA70, El-sevier BIOBASE (EB94, BIOSIS Previews (BA93, EMBASE (EM95, EMBASE Alert (EA08, SciSearch (IS90, Cochrane Library - CDSR (CDSR93, NHS-CRD-DARE (CDAR94, NHS-CRD-HTA (INAHTA, and NHS-EED (NHSEED. The present report included German and English literature published between the years 1999 and 2004. A list of the search parameters can be found in the appendix. No limits were placed on the target population, and the methodical quality of the included studies was determined using standardised checklists. Results: The studies included in this health technology assessment compared the following bypass materials: autologous vein, human umbilical vein (HUV and synthetic materials such as PTFE or Dacron®. Both the systematic reviews and the randomised controlled trials comparing autologous vein grafts to other bypass materials come to the conclusion that autologous vein is superior to all other materials. From a medical viewpoint, there are no clear differences between the various synthetic materials.To date, the subject of bypass materials in vascular surgery has not been addressed comprehensively from an economic point of view. Indeed, we were able to identify only one publication that compared the cost of various bypass materials. The remaining health economic studies did not compare costs, cost effectiveness, or quality of life associated with the use of various bypass materials. Discussion: When deciding which bypass material to use, vascular surgeons take a number of medical considerations into account, including the bypass area, the availability of autologous vein, the amount of operation time available, and the health status of the patient. The studies

  7. Heart bypass surgery - minimally invasive

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and lifestyle Cholesterol - drug treatment Controlling your high blood pressure Dietary fats explained Fast food tips Heart attack - discharge Heart attack - what to ask your doctor Heart bypass surgery - minimally invasive - discharge Heart disease - risk factors Heart pacemaker - discharge ...

  8. Sexual quality of life in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reese, Jennifer Barsky; Shelby, Rebecca A; Taylor, Kathryn L

    2012-01-01

    Despite improvements in many domains of functioning, sexual quality of life often remains impaired following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. This study examined associations among sexual quality of life, fear of sexual activity and receiving information from providers about sexual activity in CABG patients. Participants completed a survey assessing sexual activity, mental health and physical health at baseline (3-5-day post-surgery; n=60) and 2-month post-surgery (n=42). Sexual quality of life showed moderate difficulties at baseline and did not improve by follow-up (p values≥0.09). At follow-up, greater patient fear was associated with lower sexual quality of life in some domains; receiving information was related to lower fear (p values≤0.03) and greater sexual satisfaction and interest (p values≤0.04). Suggestive of mediation, there was a significant indirect effect of information on patient fear and of patient fear on sexual interest (p=0.05). Though data were cross-sectional, findings suggest that fears of sexual activity may play a role in lowering CABG patients' motivation for sexual activity and that receiving information from a medical provider may assist in hastening sexual rehabilitation. Prospective and intervention studies are needed to support findings.

  9. Comparison of two doses of aprotinin in patients receiving aspirin before coronary bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, S V; Lema, G; Medel, J; Irarrazaval, M J; Zalaquett, R; Garayar, B; Flaskamp, R

    2000-03-01

    This study was designed to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of two different doses of aprotinin in patients receiving aspirin before undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Forty-two patients were randomized to receive either placebo (group I), or aprotinin in doses of 4,000,000 KIU (group II) or 6,000,000 KIU (group III). Drug efficacy was determined by measuring postoperative blood loss and transfusion of blood products. Both doses were effective in reducing blood loss and transfusion requirements. Blood loss through thoracotomy drainage was 450 +/- 224, 182 +/- 144, 142 +/- 98 ml, respectively, for control and treatment groups II and III (p = 0.0001). The numbers of patients with blood transfusions were seven (50%), two (17%) and two (17%) for group I and treatment groups II and III, respectively (p = 0.10). Tolerability was excellent and complications few and reversible. In conclusion, high and medium doses of aprotinin were well tolerated and reduced bleeding and transfusion requirements in patients submitted to coronary bypass surgery under the effects of aspirin.

  10. Computed tomography assessment of lung structure in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodrigues, R.R.; Sawada, A.Y.; Fukuda, M.J.; Neves, F.H.; Carmona, M.J.; Auler, J.O.; Malbouisson, L.M.S., E-mail: malbouisson@hcnet.usp.b [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Hospital das Clinicas; Pelosi, P. [Universita' degli Studi dell' Insubria, Varese (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente, Salute e Sicurezza; Rouby, J.-J. [University Pierre and Marie Curie, Paris (France). La Pitie Salpetriere Hospital. Dept. of Anesthesiology and Critical Care and Medicine

    2011-06-15

    Hypoxemia is a frequent complication after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), usually attributed to atelectasis. Using computed tomography (CT), we investigated postoperative pulmonary alterations and their impact on blood oxygenation. Eighteen non-hypoxemic patients (15 men and 3 women) with normal cardiac function scheduled for CABG under CPB were studied. Hemodynamic measurements and blood samples were obtained before surgery, after intubation, after CPB, at admission to the intensive care unit, and 12, 24, and 48 h after surgery. Pre- and postoperative volumetric thoracic CT scans were acquired under apnea conditions after a spontaneous expiration. Data were analyzed by the paired Student t-test and one-way repeated measures analysis of variance. Mean age was 63 {+-} 9 years. The PaO{sub 2}/FiO{sub 2} ratio was significantly reduced after anesthesia induction, reaching its nadir after CPB and partially improving 12 h after surgery. Compared to preoperative CT, there was a 31% postoperative reduction in pulmonary gas volume (P < 0.001) while tissue volume increased by 19% (P < 0.001). Non-aerated lung increased by 253 {+-} 97 g (P < 0.001), from 3 to 27%, after surgery and poorly aerated lung by 72 {+-} 68 g (P < 0.001), from 24 to 27%, while normally aerated lung was reduced by 147 {+-} 119 g (P < 0.001), from 72 to 46%. No correlations (Pearson) were observed between PaO{sub 2}/FiO{sub 2} ratio or shunt fraction at 24 h postoperatively and postoperative lung alterations. The data show that lung structure is profoundly modified after CABG with CPB. Taken together, multiple changes occurring in the lungs contribute to postoperative hypoxemia rather than atelectasis alone. (author)

  11. Presurgical Weight Is Associated with Pain, Functional Impairment, and Anxiety among Gastric Bypass Surgery Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharlene Wedin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic pain and obesity are significant public health concerns in the United States associated with significant levels of health-care expenses and lost productivity. Previous research suggests that obesity is a risk factor for chronic pain, mainly due to excessive weight placed on the joints. However, the obesity-pain relationship appears to be complex and reciprocal. Little work to date has focused on the relationship between weight and pain among patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery for weight loss. Patients scheduled to undergo bariatric surgery for weight loss at a large southeastern academic medical center ( completed the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI, the Center for Epidemiological Studies 10-item Depression scale (CESD-10, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI. Higher presurgical weight was associated with higher pain-on-average ratings, higher functional impairment due to pain across the domains of physical activity, mood, walking ability, relationships, and enjoyment of life. Higher presurgical weight was associated with higher BAI scores, but weight was not related to depression. Findings suggest that bariatric surgery candidates report a moderate amount of pain prior to surgery and that presurgical weight is associated with higher pain, increased functional impairment due to pain, and increased anxiety. Anxiety was found to mediate the relationship between increased weight and pain.

  12. The Brazilian Registry of Adult Patient Undergoing Cardiovascular Surgery, the BYPASS Project: Results of the First 1,722 Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Walter J.; Moreira, Rita Simone; Zilli, Alexandre Cabral; Bettiati Jr, Luiz Carlos; Figueira, Fernando Augusto Marinho dos Santos; D'Azevedo, Stephanie Steremberg Pires; Soares, Marcelo José Ferreira; Fernandes, Marcio Pimentel; Ardito, Roberto Vito; Bogdan, Renata Andrea Barberio; Campagnucci, Valquíria Pelisser; Nakasako, Diana; Kalil, Renato Abdala Karam; Rodrigues, Clarissa Garcia; Rodrigues Junior, Anilton Bezerra; Cascudo, Marcelo Matos; Atik, Fernando Antibas; Lima, Elson Borges; Nina, Vinicius José da Silva; Heluy, Renato Albuquerque; Azeredo, Lisandro Gonçalves; Henrique Junior, Odilon Silva; de Mendonça, José Teles; Silva, Katharina Kelly de Oliveira Gama; Pandolfo, Marcelo; de Lima Júnior, José Dantas; Faria, Renato Max; dos Santos, Jonas Pereira; Paez, Rodrigo Pereira; Coelho, Guilherme Henrique Biachi; Pereira, Sergio Nunes; Senger, Roberta; Buffolo, Enio; Caputi, Guido Marco; Santo, José Amalth do Espírito; de Oliveira, Juliana Aparecida Borges; Berwanger, Otavio; Cavalcanti, Alexandre Biasi; Jatene, Fabio B.

    2017-01-01

    Objective To report the early results of the BYPASS project - the Brazilian registrY of adult Patient undergoing cArdiovaScular Surgery - a national, observational, prospective, and longitudinal follow-up registry, aiming to chart a profile of patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery in Brazil, assessing the data harvested from the initial 1,722 patients. Methods Data collection involved institutions throughout the whole country, comprising 17 centers in 4 regions: Southeast (8), Northeast (5), South (3), and Center-West (1). The study population consists of patients over 18 years of age, and the types of operations recorded were: coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), mitral valve, aortic valve (either conventional or transcatheter), surgical correction of atrial fibrillation, cardiac transplantation, mechanical circulatory support and congenital heart diseases in adults. Results 83.1% of patients came from the public health system (SUS), 9.6% from the supplemental (private insurance) healthcare systems; and 7.3% from private (out-of -pocket) clinic. Male patients comprised 66%, 30% were diabetics, 46% had dyslipidemia, 28% previously sustained a myocardial infarction, and 9.4% underwent prior cardiovascular surgery. Patients underwent coronary artery bypass surgery were 54.1% and 31.5% to valve surgery, either isolated or combined. The overall postoperative mortality up to the 7th postoperative day was 4%; for CABG was 2.6%, and for valve operations, 4.4%. Conclusion This first report outlines the consecution of the Brazilian surgical cardiac database, intended to serve primarily as a tool for providing information for clinical improvement and patient safety and constitute a basis for production of research protocols. PMID:28492786

  13. The Brazilian Registry of Adult Patient Undergoing Cardiovascular Surgery, the BYPASS Project: Results of the First 1,722 Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter J. Gomes

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective: To report the early results of the BYPASS project - the Brazilian registrY of adult Patient undergoing cArdiovaScular Surgery - a national, observational, prospective, and longitudinal follow-up registry, aiming to chart a profile of patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery in Brazil, assessing the data harvested from the initial 1,722 patients. Methods: Data collection involved institutions throughout the whole country, comprising 17 centers in 4 regions: Southeast (8, Northeast (5, South (3, and Center-West (1. The study population consists of patients over 18 years of age, and the types of operations recorded were: coronary artery bypass graft (CABG, mitral valve, aortic valve (either conventional or transcatheter, surgical correction of atrial fibrillation, cardiac transplantation, mechanical circulatory support and congenital heart diseases in adults. Results: 83.1% of patients came from the public health system (SUS, 9.6% from the supplemental (private insurance healthcare systems; and 7.3% from private (out-of -pocket clinic. Male patients comprised 66%, 30% were diabetics, 46% had dyslipidemia, 28% previously sustained a myocardial infarction, and 9.4% underwent prior cardiovascular surgery. Patients underwent coronary artery bypass surgery were 54.1% and 31.5% to valve surgery, either isolated or combined. The overall postoperative mortality up to the 7th postoperative day was 4%; for CABG was 2.6%, and for valve operations, 4.4%. Conclusion: This first report outlines the consecution of the Brazilian surgical cardiac database, intended to serve primarily as a tool for providing information for clinical improvement and patient safety and constitute a basis for production of research protocols.

  14. The Brazilian Registry of Adult Patient Undergoing Cardiovascular Surgery, the BYPASS Project: Results of the First 1,722 Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Walter J; Moreira, Rita Simone; Zilli, Alexandre Cabral; Bettiati, Luiz Carlos; Figueira, Fernando Augusto Marinho Dos Santos; D' Azevedo, Stephanie Steremberg Pires; Soares, Marcelo José Ferreira; Fernandes, Marcio Pimentel; Ardito, Roberto Vito; Bogdan, Renata Andrea Barberio; Campagnucci, Valquíria Pelisser; Nakasako, Diana; Kalil, Renato Abdala Karam; Rodrigues, Clarissa Garcia; Rodrigues, Anilton Bezerra; Cascudo, Marcelo Matos; Atik, Fernando Antibas; Lima, Elson Borges; Nina, Vinicius José da Silva; Heluy, Renato Albuquerque; Azeredo, Lisandro Gonçalves; Henrique, Odilon Silva; Mendonça, José Teles de; Silva, Katharina Kelly de Oliveira Gama; Pandolfo, Marcelo; Lima, José Dantas de; Faria, Renato Max; Santos, Jonas Pereira Dos; Paez, Rodrigo Pereira; Coelho, Guilherme Henrique Biachi; Pereira, Sergio Nunes; Senger, Roberta; Buffolo, Enio; Caputi, Guido Marco; Santo, José Amalth do Espírito; Oliveira, Juliana Aparecida Borges de; Berwanger, Otavio; Cavalcanti, Alexandre Biasi; Jatene, Fabio B

    2017-01-01

    To report the early results of the BYPASS project - the Brazilian registrY of adult Patient undergoing cArdiovaScular Surgery - a national, observational, prospective, and longitudinal follow-up registry, aiming to chart a profile of patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery in Brazil, assessing the data harvested from the initial 1,722 patients. Data collection involved institutions throughout the whole country, comprising 17 centers in 4 regions: Southeast (8), Northeast (5), South (3), and Center-West (1). The study population consists of patients over 18 years of age, and the types of operations recorded were: coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), mitral valve, aortic valve (either conventional or transcatheter), surgical correction of atrial fibrillation, cardiac transplantation, mechanical circulatory support and congenital heart diseases in adults. 83.1% of patients came from the public health system (SUS), 9.6% from the supplemental (private insurance) healthcare systems; and 7.3% from private (out-of -pocket) clinic. Male patients comprised 66%, 30% were diabetics, 46% had dyslipidemia, 28% previously sustained a myocardial infarction, and 9.4% underwent prior cardiovascular surgery. Patients underwent coronary artery bypass surgery were 54.1% and 31.5% to valve surgery, either isolated or combined. The overall postoperative mortality up to the 7th postoperative day was 4%; for CABG was 2.6%, and for valve operations, 4.4%. This first report outlines the consecution of the Brazilian surgical cardiac database, intended to serve primarily as a tool for providing information for clinical improvement and patient safety and constitute a basis for production of research protocols.

  15. Safety of Continuous Infusion Ketorolac in Postoperative Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meredith L. Howard

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background:Continuous infusion ketorolac is sometimes utilized for analgesia in postoperative coronary artery bypass graft (CABG patients despite contraindications for use. Limited literature surrounds this topic; therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the safety of this practice. Methods: This retrospective cohort study evaluated the primary outcome of mortality and secondary outcomes of incidence of bleeding and myocardial infarction (MI. All patients who underwent isolated CABG surgeries and received continuous infusion ketorolac during the study period were included. An equal number of randomly selected isolated CABG patients served as control patients. Electronic medical records and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS database were utilized to determine baseline characteristics and outcomes; Results: One hundred and seventy-eight patients met inclusion; 89 in each group. More patients in the control group underwent on-pump surgeries (78.6% vs. 29.2%, p = 0.01 and had higher STS risk scores (1.1% vs. 0.6%, p = 0.003. There was no difference in mortality between the ketorolac group and control group (2.2% vs. 3.3%, p = 0.605. Additionally, no patients experienced a MI and there was no difference in bleeding incidence (5.5% vs. 6.7%, p = 0.58; Conclusions: No association was found between continuous infusion ketorolac and increased risk of mortality, MI, or bleeding events in postoperative CABG patients. Considerations to differences in baseline characteristics must be made when interpreting results.

  16. Heart bypass surgery - minimally invasive - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass - discharge; MIDCAB - discharge; Robot assisted coronary artery bypass - discharge; RACAB - discharge; Keyhole heart surgery - discharge; Coronary artery disease - MIDCAB discharge; CAD - ...

  17. Impact of surgical shape on blood flow pattern for patient specific coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sankaran, Sethuraman; Marsden, Alison

    2010-11-01

    We present a numerical framework for studying blood flow patterns in patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass surgeries. We use a stabilized finite element framework for performing blood flow simulations. Specialized lumped parameter boundary conditions for the coronary arteries, aorta and its branches are utilized. Computational models of CABG patients are constructed from CT scan images. A comprehensive study of how surgical shape affects hemodynamics in patient-specific CABG surgery has not been performed till date. The objective of this work is to study the effect of surgical geometry on blood flow pattern, especially downstream and in the proximity of the suture locations of the bypass graft. Quantities such as energy efficiency, wall shear stresses and its gradients and oscillatory shear index are extracted and compared for different surgical shapes in a systematic fashion. A framework and results for robust optimization of bypass graft anastomoses in unsteady flow will be presented. Implications of surgical geometry on graft patency will be discussed.

  18. Outcomes after off-pump coronary bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijk, Diederik van

    2002-01-01

    The complications associated with in coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) have led to a renewed interest in coronary bypass surgery on the beating heart. The primary objective of the Octopus Study was to compare cognitive outcome between patients randomized to

  19. Development and Evaluation of Care Programs for the Delirium Management in Patients after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safoora Fallahpoor

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Delirium is one of the common problems of cognitive impairment after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG that its prevention, timely detection, and treatment require a care and management program to be controlled. The present research has studied a care program for the management of delirium in patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. This research was performed by action research methodology during a fivestage cycle in two groups of 50 persons (without interference and with intervention. In both groups, the patients were evaluated every 8 hours by CAM-ICU tool in hours (6, 14 and 22 for the occurrence of delirium after surgery until they were in Intensive Care Unit (ICU. In the intervention group, the developed program was implemented in three areas of delirium management before, during, and after the surgery. Then, the collected information was analyzed in two groups using descriptive and analytical statistics in SPSS 20 software. Delirium was observed at least once in 68% of patients without the intervention and 38% of patients with intervention after surgery. The ratio of delirium incidence was significantly lower in the intervention group (P<0.05. In addition, the total number of delirium in ICU was significantly lower for patients in the intervention group (P<0.05.The developed program for reducing the incidence of delirium in hospitalized patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG was confirmed. This means that its applying will lead to a reduction in delirium.

  20. Cardiopulmonary bypass alters the pharmacokinetics of propranolol in patients undergoing cardiac surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.J.C. Carmona

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available The pharmacokinetics of propranolol may be altered by hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB, resulting in unpredictable postoperative hemodynamic responses to usual doses. The objective of the present study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of propranolol in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG by CPB under moderate hypothermia. We evaluated 11 patients, 4 women and 7 men (mean age 57 ± 8 years, mean weight 75.4 ± 11.9 kg and mean body surface area 1.83 ± 0.19 m², receiving propranolol before surgery (80-240 mg a day and postoperatively (10 mg a day. Plasma propranolol levels were measured before and after CPB by high-performance liquid chromatography. Pharmacokinetic Solutions 2.0 software was used to estimate the pharmacokinetic parameters after administration of the drug pre- and postoperatively. There was an increase of biological half-life from 4.5 (95% CI = 3.9-6.9 to 10.6 h (95% CI = 8.2-14.7; P < 0.01 and an increase in volume of distribution from 4.9 (95% CI = 3.2-14.3 to 8.3 l/kg (95% CI = 6.5-32.1; P < 0.05, while total clearance remained unchanged 9.2 (95% CI = 7.7-24.6 vs 10.7 ml min-1 kg-1 (95% CI = 7.7-26.6; NS after surgery. In conclusion, increases in drug distribution could be explained in part by hemodilution during CPB. On the other hand, the increase of biological half-life can be attributed to changes in hepatic metabolism induced by CPB under moderate hypothermia. These alterations in the pharmacokinetics of propranolol after CABG with hypothermic CPB might induce a greater myocardial depression in response to propranolol than would be expected with an equivalent dose during the postoperative period.

  1. Your diet after gastric bypass surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gastric bypass surgery - your diet; Obesity - diet after bypass; Weight loss - diet after bypass ... completely. Some of these are pasta, rice, bread, raw vegetables, and meats. Adding a low-fat sauce, ...

  2. The effect of natural sounds on the anxiety of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Javad Amiri

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study aims to investigate the effect of natural sounds on the anxiety of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG. Methods In this clinical trial, 90 patients, who were candidates for CABG in an urban area of Iran, were selected and randomly assigned to intervention and control groups by the minimization method. In the intervention group, natural sounds were broadcast through headphones for 30 min. In the control group, headphones connected to a silent device were used. The research instruments were a demographic questionnaire and the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI. These were used before the intervention, 30 min after the music, and before the surgery in the waiting room for both groups. Data was analyzed using SPSS software. Results The mean anxiety level of the intervention group has been found to be significantly lower than that of the control group half an hour after the intervention as well as in the waiting room in the preoperative period (p = 0.001. Moreover, the mean anxiety of the intervention group decreases, while it increases for the control group over time (p < 0.001. Conclusion Natural sounds can be used as a non-pharmacological way to reduce the anxiety of patients undergoing CABG. Trial registration I RCT2017011723190N3 , Registered 1 March 2017.

  3. Percutaneous coronary intervention followed by minimally invasive valve surgery compared with median sternotomy coronary artery bypass graft and valve surgery in patients with prior cardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santana, Orlando; Xydas, Steve; Williams, Roy F; LaPietra, Angelo; Mawad, Maurice; Wigley, Jason C; Beohar, Nirat; Mihos, Christos G

    2017-06-01

    In patients with prior cardiac surgery requiring re-operative coronary and valve surgery, a hybrid approach of percutaneous coronary intervention followed by minimally invasive valve surgery (PCI + MIVS) may be an alternative to the standard median sternotomy coronary artery bypass and valve surgery (CABG + valve). The outcomes of patients with prior cardiac surgery, presenting with coronary artery and valvular disease, who underwent PCI + MIVS (N=39) were retrospectively compared with those who underwent CABG + valve (N=28) via a repeat median sternotomy, between February 2009 and April 2014. The mean age for the PCI + MIVS versus CABG + valve group was 75±9 and 72±11 years (P=0.54), respectively. The baseline characteristics were similar between groups, with the exception of a greater prevalence of 1-vessel coronary artery disease and clopidogrel or dual antiplatelet therapy at the time of surgery in the PCI + MIVS group, and more 3-vessel coronary artery disease in those undergoing CABG + valve surgery. The PCI + MIVS approach was associated with a decreased aortic cross-clamp (94 vs. 131 minutes, P=0.001) and cardiopulmonary bypass (128 vs. 190 minutes, Pvalve. The thirty-day and two-year mortality were similar, being 7.7% vs. 7.1% (P=0.66), and 12.8% vs. 10.7% (P=0.55), in the PCI + MIVS vs. CABG + valve group, respectively. Hybrid PCI + MIVS in patients with prior cardiac surgery is associated with shorter operative times and intensive care unit length of stay, less need for intraoperative blood cell transfusions, decreased use of mechanical ventilation, and similar short-term and follow-up survival, when compared with CABG + valve surgery via median sternotomy. Randomized trials and multicenter registries are needed to further evaluate this approach.

  4. Anesthetic management of patients undergoing extra-anatomic renal bypass surgery for renovascular hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Bhupesh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Renal artery disease is the most common cause for surgically curable form of hypertension. In a small subset of patients with severe aortic disease where the aorta is not suitable for endovascular technique and to provide an arterial inflow, an extra-anatomic renal bypass surgery (EARBS is an option. Anesthetic management of such procedures has not been described so far in the literature. We retrospectively analyzed the anesthetic techniques used in all patients who underwent EARBS between February 1998 and June 2008 at this institute. We also further analyzed data concerning blood pressure (BP control and renal function response following surgery as outcome variable measures. A total of 11 patients underwent EARBS during this period. Five received oral clonidine with premedication. During laryngoscopy, esmolol was used in 4 patients, while lignocaine was used in remaining 7 patients. Of 11 patients, 7 showed significant hemodynamic response to laryngoscopy and intubation; among these, one had oral clonidine with premedicant, and 6 received lignocaine just before laryngoscopy. Intravenous vasodilators were used to maintain target BP within 20% of baseline during perioperative period. All patients received renal protective measures. During follow-up, 10% were considered cured, 70% had improved BP response, while 20% failed to show improvement in BP response. Renal functions improved in 54.5%, remain unchanged in 36.5%, and worsened in 9% of patients. Use of clonidine during premedication and esmolol before laryngoscopy were beneficial in attenuating hemodynamic response to laryngoscopy, while use of vasodilators to maintain target BP within 20% of baseline, and routine use of renal protective measures appear to be promising in patients undergoing EARBS.

  5. Coronary artery bypass surgery or coronary stenting in diabetic patients: too soon to make a statement?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez, Alfredo E., E-mail: arodriguez@centroceci.com.ar

    2014-11-15

    Diabetic patients have been associated with poor procedural and long term outcome if they were treated either with percutaneous coronary interventions or coronary artery bypass surgery. Recently several randomized clinical trials (RCT) in this subset of patients have been published showing a greater incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events, death/myocardial infarction/stroke, if they were treated with first generation drug eluting stents (DES) which was not observed previously in the bare metal stent era. However, almost simultaneously with this data, several RCT demonstrated better safety profile with new generation DES including biocompatible polymers, biodegradable polymers and lately complete absorbable DES, all of them showed reduction in adverse cardiac events compared to 1st generation DES in patients with diabetes. In this editorial we review the old and new randomized data in diabetic patients and conclude that there are many unresolved issues to make a definitive statement regarding which is the best revascularization preference in diabetic patients and the measured final efficacy of PCI and CABG will not be reached until the arrival of RCT using next generation DES, including complete absorbable scaffolds. - Highlights: • Diabetic patients have been associated with poor procedural and long term outcome if they were treated either with percutaneous coronary interventions or coronary artery bypass surgery. Recently several randomized clinical trials (RCT) in this subset of patients have been published showing a greater incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events, death/myocardial infarction/stroke, if they were treated with first generation drug eluting stents (DES) which was not observed previously in the bare metal stent era. • In recent years, several RCT demonstrated better safety profile with new generation DES including biocompatible polymers, biodegradable polymers and lately complete absorbable DES, all of them showed reduction in

  6. The Effects of Heart-Lung Bypass on Endothelial Function of Patients with Open Heart Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Borzouee

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Endothelium is an essential organ for maintaining an adequate vascular tone and preventing the pathological process of atherosclerosis. Heart-lung machine is a mechanical support for maintenance of blood circulation during open heart surgery. It has been shown that flow of blood through this circuit can induce complement activation, endotoxines production, and release of many inflammatory mediators. Objectives: Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB has some detrimental effects on endothelial function. Flow Mediated Dilation (FMD is also a noninvasive method for evaluation of endothelial function. Patients and Methods: This study was conducted on 22 patients who were admitted in cardiac surgery ward for open heart operation and met the inclusion criteria of the study. Brachial artery FMD was measured the day before and 2 days after CPB. Results: The mean duration of CPB was 62.95 minutes. The mean percent of FMD changes was measured and compared before and after CPB (4.29 and 0.03 vs. 1.38 and 1.99, < 0.001. The results showed a significant relationship between CPB and bronchial endothelial function. Conclusions: This study revealed the influence of CPB on endothelial function. Yet, more studies are necessary to confirm this important issue, and decline in use of CPB is appreciated.

  7. Evaluation of taste sensitivity in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keith, Mary; Mokbel, Rose; San Emeterio, Mario; Song, Jacquelin; Errett, Lee

    2010-07-01

    Patients report changes in their perception of food tastes following cardiac surgery. This study was designed to explore changes in taste sensitivity following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Detection and recognition thresholds for sweet (sucrose), salty (sodium chloride), sour (citric acid), and bitter (quinine hydrochloride) were determined using the multiple forced-choice ascending concentration series method at baseline (presurgical), discharge, 5 weeks, and 16 weeks post-CABG. Demographic and gastrointestinal data were also obtained. Mixed-model analyses for repeated measures were performed using the baseline scores as reference. Thirty-three patients (mean age=61.8+/-8 years), consented to participate in the study between January 2003 and January 2006, with 13 completing all visits. Detection and recognition thresholds for sweet were significantly lower at discharge compared with baseline (1.7+/-1.2 vs 2.43+/-1.4 and 5.1+/-1.8 vs 5.5+/-1.3, respectively; Pvs 1.8+/-1.5; Pvs 4.2+/-2.2; Pfood intake will help to clarify the clinical impact of taste changes and subsequently to guide clinical nutrition care. Copyright 2010 American Dietetic Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Clinical Outcomes after Isolated Infrapopliteal Revascularization in Hemodialysis Patients with Critical Limb Ischemia: Endovascular Therapy versus Bypass Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Ryuta; Kumada, Yoshitaka; Ishii, Hideki; Kamoi, Daisuke; Sakakibara, Takashi; Umemoto, Norio; Takahashi, Hiroshi; Murohara, Toyoaki

    2018-01-23

    To investigate the long-term clinical outcome of endovascular therapy (EVT) or bypass surgery in patients on hemodialysis (HD) with critical limb ischemia due to isolated infrapopliteal disease. We enrolled 254 consecutive HD patients successfully undergoing infrapopliteal revascularization by EVT (126 patients) and bypass surgery (128 patients). They were followed up for five years. Amputation-free survival (AFS) and incidence of any re-intervention were evaluated. A propensity score from all baseline variables was incorporated into Cox analysis. In the EVT group, age was higher (p=0.039), diabetes and coronary artery disease were more frequent (p=0.004 and p=0.0052, respectively), and tissue loss was more rarely observed (p< 0.0001) than in the bypass group. During the follow-up period, 21 major amputations and 64 deaths occurred. The propensity score-adjusted AFS rate at 5 years was comparable between groups (61.0% in EVT group vs. 55.1% in the bypass group, adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.87, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.52-1.42, p=0.58). The adjusted survival rates were also similar between groups for amputation and all-cause mortality. However, freedom from any re-intervention was markedly lower in the EVT than in the bypass group (48.6% vs. 84.6%, adjusted-HR, 3.56, 95% CI 1.95-6.75, p< 0.0001). The rate of AFS was broadly comparable between the two strategies, although compared with bypass surgery, EVT had much higher rates for re-intervention.

  9. The impact of avoiding cardiopulmonary by-pass during coronary artery bypass surgery in elderly patients: the Danish On-pump Off-pump Randomisation Study (DOORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmidt Thomas

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Coronary Artery Bypass Graft operation for ischemic heart disease provides improved quality of life and, in some patients, prolonged survival. Concern has, however, been raised about complications that may be related to the use of cardiopulmonary by-pass (CPB and aortic cross-clamping. It has been hypothesized that when coronary artery by-pass grafting is performed without the use of CPB, the rate of serious complications is reduced. Methods/Design The trial is designed as an open, randomized, controlled, clinical trial with blinded assessment of end-points. Patients at or above 70 years of age, referred for surgical myocardial revascularisation, are included and randomised to receive coronary artery by-pass grafting either with or without the use of CPB and aortic cross-clamping. Follow-up is performed by clinical, biochemical, electrocardiographic, and angiographic data that are evaluated by independent committees that are blinded with respect to the result of the randomisation. End points include mortality, stroke, myocardial infarction, graft patency, quality of life, and cost-effectiveness. The trial is performed in four different Danish, cardiac surgery centres. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00123981

  10. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery on morbidly obese patients with hypothyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fazylov, Rafael; Soto, Eliana; Cohen, Steve; Merola, Stephen

    2008-06-01

    It is well known that obesity is accompanied by changes in thyroid function. Hypothyroidism is associated with increased body weight. The aim of this study was to evaluate the operative outcomes, weight loss, and the effect of weight loss on thyroid function in morbidly obese patients with hypothyroidism who undergo laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery. A retrospective review of 20 morbidly obese female patients with hypothyroidism and on thyroid replacement therapy who underwent LRYGB between January 2003 and August 2006. Mean preoperative body mass index (BMI) was 47.6 kg/m2 (range 38-58.5 kg/m2). Average patient age was 44.5 years (range 21-66 years). There was one early complication (pneumonia). Late complications included one death, three anastomotic strictures, and one small bowel obstruction. The patients were followed for a mean of 13.5 months (range 3-24 months). Their mean excess body weight loss was 13 kg (22%), 24.4 kg (39.4%), 33.2 kg (63.3%), 38.4 kg (65%), 41.7 kg (70%), and 43 kg (73%) at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months, respectively. Change in a mean BMI was the same regardless of the patient preoperative and postoperative thyroxine dose. Hypothyroidism resolved in 5(25%) patients, improved in 2(10%) patients, unchanged in 8(40%) patients, and worsened in 5 (25%) patients. Most of the five whose hypothyroidism worsened had thyroid autoimmune disease. Hypothyroidism appears to improve in the vast majority of morbidly obese patients who undergo LRYGB, except for those whose thyroid disease is autoimmune in nature.

  11. Lower leg electrical impedance after distal bypass surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Belanger, G K; Bolbjerg, M L; Heegaard, N H

    1998-01-01

    Electrical impedance was determined in 13 patients following distal bypass surgery to evaluate lower leg oedema as reflected by its circumference. Tissue injury was assessed by the plasma concentration of muscle enzymes. After surgery, the volume of the control lower leg increased from 1250 (816...... to be a useful method for the evaluation of lower leg oedema after distal bypass surgery....

  12. Comparison of the myocardial protective effect of sevoflurane versus propofol in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiao-Lin; Wang, Dan; Zhang, Guo-Yuan; Guo, Xiao-Lan

    2017-03-04

    This study aimed to compare myocardial protective effects of anaesthesia with intravenous infusion of propofol versus inhalation of sevoflurane in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Seventy-six patients undergoing valve replacement with cardiopulmonary bypass were randomly assigned to propofol or sevoflurane anesthesia during the surgery, respectively. For assessing myocardial injury, cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase isozyme (CK-MB) were determined before induction (T0), 0.5 h (T1) and 3 h (T2) after aortic unclamping, and 24 h (T3) and 48 h (T4) after surgery. The concentrations of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 as the systemic inflammatory and anti-inflammatory markers were also measured at above time points. In the sevoflurane group, the plasma concentrations of cTnI and CK-MB from Tl to T4 and the levels of IL-6 and IL-10 from T1 to T2 were lower than those in the propofol group. Moreover, a higher ratio of automatic heart beat recovery and a shorter length of intensive care unit or hospital stay were found in the sevoflurane group comparing with the propofol group. Sevoflurane anaesthesia produced more prominent myocardial protection and attenuated inflammatory response than propofol anaesthesia in patients with valve replacement surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass, resulting in shorter ICU and in-hospital stay. Identified as ChiCTR-IOR-16009979 at http://www.chictr.org.cn/ .

  13. Low preoperative cholesterol level is a risk factor of sepsis and poor clinical outcome in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagrost, Laurent; Girard, Claude; Grosjean, Sandrine; Masson, David; Deckert, Valérie; Gautier, Thomas; Debomy, Frédérique; Vinault, Sandrine; Jeannin, Aline; Labbé, Jérôme; Bonithon-Kopp, Claire

    2014-05-01

    Systemic inflammatory response syndrome and sepsis frequently occur after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether preoperative cholesterol levels can predict sepsis onset and postoperative complications in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Prospective observational study. Surgical ICU of a French university hospital. Two hundred and seventeen consecutive patients older than 18 years admitted for planned cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Measurements of plasma blood lipids and inflammation markers before anesthesia induction (baseline), at cardiopulmonary bypass start, at cardiopulmonary bypass end, and 3 and 24 hours after cardiac surgery. Outcomes were compared in systemic inflammatory response syndrome patients with sepsis (n = 15), systemic inflammatory response syndrome patients without sepsis (n = 95), and non-systemic inflammatory response syndrome patients (n = 107). A gradual decrease in plasma cholesterol concentration occurred during surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass but was no longer present after correction for hemodilution. Corrected cholesterol levels were significantly lower at baseline in sepsis patients than in other subgroups, and it remained lower in the sepsis group during and after cardiopulmonary bypass. With regard to sepsis, the discriminatory power of baseline cholesterol was fairly good as indicated by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis (area under the curve, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.72-0.84). The frequency of sepsis progressively decreased with increasing baseline cholesterol level quintiles (18.6% and 0% in the bottom and top quintiles, respectively, p = 0.005). In multivariate analysis, baseline cholesterol levels and cardiopulmonary bypass duration were significant and independent determinants of the 3-hour postcardiopulmonary bypass increase in concentrations of procalcitonin and interleukin-8, but not of interleukin-6. Low

  14. Awake subxyphoid minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting yielded minimum invasive cardiac surgery for high risk patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Go; Yamaguchi, Shohjiro; Tomiya, Shigeyuki; Ohtake, Hiroshi

    2008-10-01

    Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has become a widely used modality and has received recognized as a minimally invasive surgery with few complications. However, for patients with severely impaired pulmonary function, further considerations have to be given to reduce the complications associated with general anesthesia. We have accumulated experience in awake off-pump surgery combined with high thoracic epidural anesthesia. In this report we describe the use of alternative subxiphoid approach in patients with severe pulmonary dysfunction. A catheter for high thoracic epidural anesthesia was inserted one day before surgery. After obtaining an adequate level of anesthesia, a small subxiphoid incision was made and the pericardium was opened to expose the left anterior descending branch. The conduit for bypass, gastroepiploic artery was accessed through a minilaparotomy, and separated under the same surgical field and anatomozed under beating heart. This procedure was performed in three patients. Patency was confirmed by postoperative angiography in all three cases. All patients were discharged after an uneventful postoperative course. Awake subxiphoid approach has the advantages that both thoracotomy and sternotomy can be avoided thus permitting surgery with extremely low invasiveness. This method is recommended for patients with severe pulmonary dysfunction.

  15. Investigating the Effect of Swedish massage on Thoracic Pain in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Pishkarmofrad

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Pain is one of the common complications after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of Swedish massage on thoracic pain in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery at Ali-ibn Abi Talib Hospital of Zahedan, Iran in 2015. This study was performed on 50 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery at Ali-ibn Abi Talib Hospital of Zahedan in 2015 in a randomized controlled clinical trial method. The patients were randomly divided into two massage and control groups with 25 cases in each group. The intervention group received Swedish massage for 20 minutes on the first day of transferring to cardiac surgical ward; however, the control group went under the routine control of the ward. Patients’ pain intensity were measured and recorded 15 minutes before and after the intervention using Visual Analog Scale (VAS. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test, independent t-test and paired t-test and SPSS Software version 21. There was no statistical significant difference between the two groups in terms of pain intensity before the intervention. The mean pain score before and after intervention was 60.80±11.46 and 44.32±11.58 in the massage group and 58.64±14.42 and 58.60±14.40 in th e control group, respectively. The result of covariance test showed that the mean pain score after intervention was significantly lower in the massage group than the control group (P=0.0001. Considering the effect of Swedish massage on reducing pain in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft, massage therapy can be used as a safe and low-cost non-drug method for reducing pain in these patients.

  16. Attachment anxiety predicts IL-6 and length of hospital stay in coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidd, Tara; Poole, Lydia; Leigh, Elizabeth; Ronaldson, Amy; Jahangiri, Marjan; Steptoe, Andrew

    2014-08-01

    The mechanisms underlying the association between adult attachment and health are not well understood. In the current study, we investigated the relationship between attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, inflammation, and length of hospital stay in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery patients. 167 CABG patients completed an attachment questionnaire prior to surgery, and blood samples were taken before and after surgery to assess inflammatory activity. We found that attachment anxiety predicted higher plasma interleukin 6 (IL-6) concentration, and this association was mediated by self-reported sleep quality. Anxious attachment also predicted longer hospital stays following CABG surgery, even after controlling for demographic and clinical factors. These data suggest that increased levels of IL-6 may be a process linking adult attachment anxiety with health outcomes. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  17. Perioperative pentoxifylline therapy attenuates early postoperative neuro-cognitive decline in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sambhunath Das

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Postoperative cognitive decline (POCD after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG is a common problem. Studies show that pentoxifylline administration reduces inflammation induced by cardiopulmonary bypass and brain injury after ischaemia. Hence the perioperative use of pentoxifylline in attenuating POCD was evaluated in the study. Materials and Methods: Eighty patients were divided randomly into two groups from 106 patients scheduled for CABG surgery. The study group was administered pentoxifylline 400 mg twice daily orally from day of admission to 7th day after surgery, whereas the control group patients received placebo. Neurocognitive assessment was assessed by an independent clinical psychologist one day after admission to hospital and again on 7th postoperative day. The data was analyzed and a P < 0.05 was considered significant results. Results: Pentoxifylline-treated group showed no statistically significant difference in animal naming test scores (10.3 ± 2.2 versus 9.4 ± 2.5, P = 0.07, digit symbol substitution test (26.1 ± 7.47 vs 22.2 ± 6.07, P = 0.09 and 8 subtests of Post Graduate Institute-memory scale. The control group had significant POCD as detected by animal naming test (10.5 ± 3.7 versus 8.6 ± 3.9, P = 0.008, digit symbol substitution test (20.2 ± 8.2 versus 14.7 ± 8.9, P = 0.008 and five subtests of memory scale (P = 0.01, 0.04, 0.003, 0.005 and 0.02. The incidence of POCD was 50% in placebo-treated group compared to 22.5% in pentoxifylline group. Conclusions: The perioperative use of pentoxifylline attenuates the early postoperative neurocognitive decline after CABG using cardiopulmonary bypass.

  18. Bypass surgery versus stenting for the treatment of multivessel disease in patients with unstable angina compared with stable angina

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.J. de Feyter (Pim); P. van den Heuvel; F. Unger (Felix); R. Beyar; W.K. Lindeboom (Wietze); V. de Valk (Vincent); S. Milo; R. Simon (Rudiger); G.F.O. Tyers (Frank); D. Regensburger; P.A. Crean (Peter); I.M. Penn (Ian); E. McGovern; C. van Cauwelaert; P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: Earlier reports have shown that the outcome of balloon angioplasty or bypass surgery in unstable angina is less favorable than in stable angina. Recent improvements in percutaneous treatment (stent implantation) and bypass surgery (arterial grafts) warrant reevaluation of the

  19. Factors associated with sexual quality of life in patients before and after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Yi-Hung; Hsieh, Shih-Rong; Ho, Wen-Chao; Chiou, Ai-Fu

    2011-01-01

    Successful rehabilitation of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) should include psychosocial outcomes such as sexual activity. However, little has been reported regarding the sexual quality of life of patients after CABG. This study aimed to investigate the associations of demographic and disease characteristics, psychosocial factors, and sexual quality of life in patients before and after CABG surgery. A longitudinal, descriptive design was used. A convenient sample of 70 patients with a diagnosis of coronary artery disease and under preparation for CABG surgery was recruited from the cardiovascular units of a medical center in central Taiwan. Participants were interviewed and completed a structured questionnaire before and 3 months after CABG surgery. Instruments used included EuroSCORE (European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation), Sexual Knowledge Scale, Spouse Communication Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Perceived health status, and Sexual Quality of Life Scale. Sexual desire and sexual response of patients were significantly limited after CABG. Before surgery, age, disease duration, and spouse communication were all significant predictors, which explained 33.8% of the variance in the sexual quality-of-life scores. Significant predictors after surgery included sexual knowledge, disease duration, and EuroSCORE, which accounted for 25.6% of the variance of sexual quality of life. This study confirms that CABG surgery may have an impact on patients' sexual quality of life. With the numbers of CABG patients increasing, development of appropriate sexual counseling for cardiac patients is necessary to improve their sexual quality of life.

  20. Hemoglobin A1c Levels Predicts Acute Kidney Injury after Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in Non-Diabetic Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cevdet Ugur Kocogulları

    Full Text Available Abstract INTRODUCTION: Elevated hemoglobin A1c levels in patients with diabetes mellitus have been known as a risk factor for acute kidney injury after coronary artery bypass grafting. However, the relationship between hemoglobin A1c levels in non-diabetics and acute kidney injury is under debate. We aimed to investigate the association of preoperative hemoglobin A1c levels with acute kidney injury in non-diabetic patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: 202 non-diabetic patients with normal renal function (serum creatinine <1.4 mg/dl who underwent isolated coronary bypass were analyzed. Hemoglobin A1c level was measured at the baseline examination. Patients were separated into two groups according to preoperative Hemoglobin A1c level. Group 1 consisted of patients with preoperative HbA1c levels of < 5.6% and Group 2 consisted of patients with preoperative HbA1c levels of ≥ 5.6%. Acute kidney injury diagnosis was made by comparing baseline and postoperative serum creatinine to determine the presence of predefined significant change based on the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO definition. RESULTS: Acute kidney injury occurred in 19 (10.5% patients after surgery. The incidence of acute kidney injury was 3.6% in Group 1 and 16.7% in Group 2. Elevated baseline hemoglobin A1c level was found to be associated with acute kidney injury (P=0.0001. None of the patients became hemodialysis dependent. The cut off value for acute kidney injury in our group of patients was 5.75%. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that, in non-diabetics, elevated preoperative hemoglobin A1c level may be associated with acute kidney injury in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Prospective randomized studies in larger groups are needed to confirm these results.

  1. THE STRUCTURE OF THE LIPID PHASE OF THE ERYTHROCYTE MEMBRANE IN PATIENTS WITH EXPRESSED HEMOLYSIS AFTER SURGERY WITH CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. A. Khokhlov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The composition of lipid phase of red-cell membrane in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD with pronounced postperfusion hemolysis (18 patients before coronary artery bypass surgery and 1 hour after the completion of cardia bypass (CB has been studied. It is shown that patients with IHD with pronounced hemolysis are characterized by the normal ratio of phospholipids (PL fractions in red-cell membrane before surgery, which is connected with eth high content of young forms of red cells in blood at this stage. After surgery, the fraction of lysophosphatidylcholine and phosphatidic acid in red-cell membrane increases against the background of decrease of phosphatidylinositol  and phosphatidylcholine, which likely reflects the simultaneous activation of phospholipases of three classes (A, C, and D in red cells during CB. Regardless of the phase of the study, the total content of PL in red-cell membrane of IHD patients with pronounced hemolysis is decrease at the high level of cholesterol (CS and the CS/Pl ratio.

  2. Gender as a Moderator between Having an Anxiety Disorder Diagnosis and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery (CABG) Outcomes in Rural Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dao, Tam K.; Voelkel, Emily; Presley, Sherine; Doss, Brendel; Huddleston, Cashuna; Gopaldas, Raja

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper examines gender as a moderating variable between having an anxiety disorder diagnosis and coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) outcomes in rural patients. Methods: Using the 2008 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database, 17,885 discharge records of patients who underwent a primary CABG surgery were identified.…

  3. Evaluating the Effect of Cardiac Rehabilitation Care Plan on Quality of Life of Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cardiovascular surgeries are among the conventional surgeries aimed at increasing the survival rate and improving the quality of life of patients. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of cardiac rehabilitation on quality of life of patients undergoing Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery.Methods: This was a semi-experimental study performed on 160 patients undergoing CABG surgery. The rehabilitation program was carried out for 13 weeks (three sessions per week in 40 sessions, six weeks after the CABG surgery. The MacNew standard questionnaire and the general health questionnaire (S-f 36 were completed before the beginning of rehabilitation sessions as well as after completion of these sessions by patients.Results: According to the results, the quality of life of patients significantly increased in the physical and emotional areas after the rehabilitation program. The results also indicated that there was a significant difference between various levels of research in the physical functioning variables, dysfunction due to physical health, dysfunction due to emotional health, energy/fatigue of individuals, emotional well-being, social functioning, pain, and general health.Conclusions: The present results indicated the improved quality of life of patients in all the areas after cardiac rehabilitation intervention, compared to before that. Therefore, paying more attention to cardiac rehabilitation is necessary due to its positive effects on increasing the quality of life of patients.

  4. The effect of tolvaptan on renal excretion of electrolytes and urea nitrogen in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Tomoko S; Nakamura, Hiroshi; Murata, Mai; Kuroda, Kishio; Suzuki, Hitoshi; Yokoyama, Yasutaka; Shimada, Akie; Matsushita, Satoshi; Yamamoto, Taira; Amano, Atsushi

    2016-09-13

    Adequate fluid management is an important component of patient care following cardiac surgery. Our aim in this study was to determine the benefits of tolvaptan, an oral selective vasopressin-2 receptor antagonist that causes electrolyte-free water diuresis, in postoperative fluid management. We prospectively examined the effect of tolvaptan on renal excretion of electrolytes and urea nitrogen in cardiac surgery patients. Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery were randomized to receive conventional loop diuretics (Group C, n = 30) or conventional loop diuretic therapy plus tolvaptan (Group T, n = 27). Fractional excretions of sodium (FENA), potassium (FEK) and urea nitrogen (FEUN) were measured in both groups during post-surgical hospitalization. Urine output was greater with tolvaptan (Group T) than without it (Group C), and some patients in Group C required intravenous as well as oral loop diuretics. Serum sodium concentrations decreased after surgery in Group C, but were unchanged in Group T (postoperative day [POD] 3, 139.8 ± 3.5 vs. 142.3 ± 2.6 mEq/L, p = 0.006). However, postoperative FENA values in Group C did not decrease, and the values were similar in both groups. Serum potassium levels remained lower and FEK values remained higher than the preoperative values, but only in Group C (all p tolvaptan. Patients treated only with loop diuretics showed a continuous excretion of sodium and potassium that led to electrolyte imbalance, whereas the combination of loop diuretics and tolvaptan increased renal urea nitrogen elimination. Tolvaptan therefore appears to be an effective diuretic that minimally affects serum electrolytes while adequately promoting the elimination of urea nitrogen from the kidneys in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. The present study is registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (ID: UMIN000011039 ).

  5. Cardiometabolic health among gastric bypass surgery patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez-Meade, Carley A; Lopez-Mitnik, Gabriela; Messiah, Sarah E; Arheart, Kristopher L; Carrillo, Adriana; de la Cruz-Muñoz, Nestor

    2013-06-15

    To examine the effect of gastric bypass surgery on cardiometabolic health among women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Retrospective medical chart review identified women (n = 389) with PCOS who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery from 2001-2009 in one surgical practice. Separate repeated measures linear mixed models were fit using the MIXED procedure to assess mean change in cardiometabolic disease risk factors from before to 1-year after surgery and were evaluated by ethnicity [Hispanic, non-Hispanic black (NHB) and white (NHW)]. The majority of the sample was Hispanic (66%, 25% NHB, 9% NHW). Mean body mass index significantly improved 1 year post-surgery for all ethnic groups (45.5 to 35.5 kg/m(2) for Hispanics, 46.8 to 37.7 kg/m(2) for NHB and 45.7 to 36.7 kg/m(2) for NHW, P < 0.001). Among Hispanic women mean total cholesterol (198.1 to 160.2 mg/dL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL) cholesterol (120.9 to 91.0 mg/dL), triglycerides (148.6 to 104.8 mg/dL), hemoglobin A1c (6.2% to 5.6%), alanine aminotransferase (28.1 to 23.0 U/L) and aspartate aminotransferase (23.5 to 21.6 U/L) decreased significantly (P < 0.001). Among NHB, mean total cholesterol (184.5 to 154.7 mg/dL), LDL cholesterol (111.7 to 88.9 mg/dL) and triglycerides (99.7 to 70.0 mg/dL) decreased significantly (P < 0.05). Among NHW, mean total cholesterol (200.9 to 172.8 mg/dL) and LDL cholesterol (124.2 to 96.6 mg/dL), decreased significantly (P < 0.05). Pairwise ethnic group comparisons of all cardiometabolic outcomes adjusted for age and type of surgery before and 1 year after surgery showed no statistical difference between the three groups for any outcome. Cardiometabolic disease risk improvements vary by ethnicity and obesity may impact glucose tolerance and liver function changes more in Hispanic women with PCOS vs non-Hispanic women.

  6. The impact of avoiding cardiopulmonary by-pass during coronary artery bypass surgery in elderly patients: the Danish On-pump Off-pump Randomisation Study (DOORS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Houlind, Kim; Juel Kjeldsen, Bo; Madsen, Susanne Nørgaard

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Coronary Artery Bypass Graft operation for ischemic heart disease provides improved quality of life and, in some patients, prolonged survival. Concern has, however, been raised about complications that may be related to the use of cardiopulmonary by-pass (CPB) and aortic cross...

  7. A comparison of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin in patients undergoing on- versus off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagener, Gebhard; Gubitosa, Gina; Wang, Shuang

    2009-01-01

    undergoing CABG surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass (off-pump) matched to 30 patients with on-pump CABG surgery by age, preoperative serum creatinine, Parsonnet score, ejection fraction, body mass index, and number of coronary artery grafts. INTERVENTIONS: None, observational. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN......OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels in off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. DESIGN: A matched cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty adult patients...

  8. Effect of clinical pathway implementation and patients' characteristics on outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    El-Baz, Noha El-Sayed Hussein

    2009-01-01

    Recently, the use of Clinical Pathways (CP) as a method of delivering care was initiated and introduced at the University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG) in the Netherlands, and was used as a method of care for patients undergoing cardiac surgery since 2004 at the thoracic surgery department. The

  9. Effects of tranexamic acid on coagulation indexes of patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Fei; Xu, Dong; Zhang, Kefeng; Zhang, Jian

    2016-12-01

    This study aims to explore the effects of tranexamic acid on the coagulation indexes of patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery under the condition of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). One hundred patients who conformed to the inclusive criteria were selected and divided into a tranexamic acid group and a non-tranexamic acid group. They all underwent heart valve replacement surgery under CPB. Patients in the tranexamic acid group were intravenously injected with 1 g of tranexamic acid (100 mL) at the time point after anesthesia induction and before skin incision and at the time point after the neutralization of heparin. Patients in the non-tranexamic acid group were given 100 mL of normal saline at corresponding time points, respectively. Then the coagulation indexes of the two groups were analyzed. The activated blood clotting time (ACT) of the two groups was within normal scope before CPB, while four coagulation indexes including prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), international normalized ratio (INR), and fibrinogen (FIB) had significant increases after surgery; the PT and INR of the tranexamic acid group had a remarkable decline after surgery. All the findings suggest that the application of tranexamic acid in heart valve replacement surgery under CPB can effectively reduce intraoperative and postoperative blood loss. © The Author(s) 2016.

  10. Quality of life-associated factors among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery as measured using the WHOQOL-BREF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Najafi, Mahdi; Sheikhvatan, Mehrdad; Montazeri, Ali

    2009-01-01

    This was a study of the pre-operative factors that influence quality of life (QoL) in patients with coronary artery disease and the relationship between pre-operative QoL and early outcome after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, 283 patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass surgery were interviewed and scores were obtained for the physical, psychological, social and environmental components. The study found that the independent physical component predictors for higher QoL included male gender and diabetes mellitus, while the independent psychological component predictors were male gender and high ejection fraction. Males, diabetics and patients with low education levels had higher social well-being than others. Among the postoperative complications, only respiratory failure was found to have a relationship with physical and psychological components. Women with coronary artery disease who were candidates for CABG had lower scores than the men in respect of all components of QoL. Furthermore, a lower pre-operative psychological score in patients undergoing CABG can influence postoperative complications, especially respiratory failure.

  11. Cardiopulmonary bypass for pediatric cardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirata, Yasutaka

    2017-11-28

    The management of cardiopulmonary bypass for pediatric cardiac surgery is more challenging than that in adults due to the smaller size, immaturity, and complexity of the anatomy in children. Despite major improvements in cardiopulmonary bypass, there remain many subjects of debate. This review article discusses the physiology of cardiopulmonary bypass for pediatric and congenital heart surgery, including topics related to hemodilution, hypothermia, acid-base strategies, inflammatory response, and myocardial protection.

  12. The effect of cardiac rehabilitation on anxiety and depression in patients undergoing cardiac bypass graft surgery in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharif Farkhondeh

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many patients experience anxiety and depression after cardiac bypass surgery. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of cardiac rehabilitation on anxiety and depression in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting in hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in southern Iran. Methods For this randomized controlled trial, 80 patients who met the inclusion criteria were recruited and randomly assigned to case and control groups. Anxiety was measured with the Spielberger Anxiety Scale and depression was measured using Beck’s Depression Inventory at three points in time: on discharge from the hospital, immediately after the intervention, and 2 months after cardiac rehabilitation. After measuring anxiety and depression in both groups upon discharge, the experimental group participated in 8 cardiac rehabilitation sessions over a 4-week period. The control group received only the routine follow-up care. Results There was a statistically significant difference in depression scores between groups at all three time-points (Mean score from 19.6 to 10 in the intervention group and from 19.5 to 14 in the control group, P = 0.0014. However, no significant difference was seen in anxiety scores between the groups (Mean score from 37 to 28 in the intervention group and from 38 to 32 in the control group, P = 0.079. Conclusions Cardiac rehabilitation was effective in reducing depression 2 months after surgery in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Trial registration IRCTN201203262812N8

  13. Effects of biocompatible extracorporeal bypass circuit coating Bioline in cardiac surgery patients

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    И. В. Пономаренко

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Biocompatibility of heparin-based coating for extracorporeal circuits, the Bioline, was evaluated in cardiac surgery setting. Thirty six CABG pts, aged from 30 to 69 yrs, were randomly perfused with a circuit containing Bioline-coated Quadrox oxygenator (Bioline, n=18 or with a similar non-coated circuit (control, n=18. Leukocyte and platelet counts, levels of tumor necrosis factor, interleukin-6 and fibrinogen were assessed in arterial blood before, during and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB. Oxygenation and ventilation indices before and after surgery, post-operative chest tube drainage and transfusion volume as well as the duration of assisted ventilation were also measured. A platelet count and fibrinogen dropped less in the Bioline group significantly compared with that in control at the end of CPB (p<0,05 and after protamine administration (p<0,05. A leukocyte count and an interleukin-6 level increased more in controls after CPB (p<0,05 as well as oxygenation and ventilation indices, bleeding volume and intubation time (all p<0,05. Our results suggest surface heparinization with Bioline coating limited to the oxygenator ameliorates the inflammatory response, preserves fibrinogen and platelets, reduces blood loss postoperatively and improves lung function during CPB.

  14. Change in patient nutritional knowledge following coronary artery bypass graft surgery

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    L. van Rooy

    2017-10-01

    Aim: The aim of this study was to measure the change in nutrition knowledge of coronary artery bypass graft patients by implementation of a lifestyle intervention programme. Methods: The Hawkes andNowak Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire (1998 was administered to 18 coronary artery bypass graft (CABG patients to assess the change in nutrition knowledge. Results: Significant improvements were noted in the nutrition knowledge score (18.9 ± 3.4–23.2 ± 4.5; p = 0.000. Although all components measured exhibited improvements in knowledge, cholesterol reduction knowledge (5.3 ± 1.8–7.2 ± 1.8; p = 0.0066, low fat food knowledge (3.8 ± 2.3–5.1 ± 2.7; p = 0.011 and high fibre food knowledge (4.1 ± 1.4–4.7 ± 1.1;p = 0.022 exhibited the highest and most significant improvements. Conclusion: Notably, these significant improvements in nutrition knowledge points toward effective education being delivered during the intervention. Cardiac rehabilitation has proved to be effective in changing lifestyle habits in a holistic way and this study further shows an improvement in nutritional knowledge based on sound educational principles.

  15. Predictors of Blood Transfusion in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery

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    Saleh Sandoughdaran

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this retrospective study is to identify intraoperative patient’s characteristics predicting the need for blood transfusion during CABG in our local cardiac surgical service. Methods: This study included 1835 consecutive patients, 1311 males and 524 females with mean age 58.8±9.9 years, undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Risk factors detected by univariate study were entered in a multivariate logistic regression model of the relationship between preoperative variables and blood transfusion. Results: Blood transfusion was used in 435 patients (29.9%. Univariate analysis identified hemoglobin, smoking, hypertension, sex, diabetes, BMI and use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB as significant predictors. Multivariate analysis revealed hemoglobin (OR: 0.8; CI: 0.74-0.86; P<0.001, CPB use (OR: 12.2; CI: 8.2-18.1; P<0.001 and female gender (OR: 2.29; CI:1.72-3.04; P<0.001 as independent risk factors for blood transfusion. Conclusions: The predictors of RBC transfusion after isolated CABG were performing CPB, preoperative hemoglobin and female gender. These factors can be used as a clinical tool to preserve blood bank resources without increasing patient’s risk.

  16. Patients with neuroglycopenia after gastric bypass surgery have exaggerated incretin and insulin secretory responses to a mixed meal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goldfine, A B; Mun, E C; Devine, E

    2007-01-01

    CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is newly recognized as a rare but important complication after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GB). The etiology of the syndrome and metabolic characteristics remain incompletely understood. Recent studies suggest that levels of incretin hormones...... are increased after GB and may promote excessive beta-cell function and/or growth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of metabolic variables, in both the fasting state and after a liquid mixed-meal challenge, in four subject groups: 1) with clinically significant hypoglycemia...... [neuroglycopenia (NG)] after GB surgery, 2) with no symptoms of hypoglycemia at similar duration after GB surgery, 3) without GB similar to preoperative body mass index of the surgical cohorts, and 4) without GB similar to current body mass index of the surgical cohorts. RESULTS: Insulin and C-peptide after...

  17. Can low BMI Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes benefit from laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Guohui; Zhu, Liyong; Li, Weizheng; Yang, Xiangwu; Li, Pengzhou; Zhu, Shaihong

    2016-12-01

    The efficacy of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is closely associated with the preoperative body mass index (BMI) of the patient. There is a lack of long-term and large sampling evidence on the efficacy of LRYGB in T2D patients with low BMI in China. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of surgical treatment in a Chinese population with T2D (especially patients with BMIBMI≥27.5 kg/m(2) in group 1 (high BMI group) had significant improvements in waist circumference, blood glucose levels, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index, and C-peptide levels after LRYGB (PBMIBMI group, including 19 T2D patients with BMIBMI<27.5 kg/m(2) in China. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. PEEP-ZEEP technique: cardiorespiratory repercussions in mechanically ventilated patients submitted to a coronary artery bypass graft surgery

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    Auler José

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The PEEP-ZEEP technique is previously described as a lung inflation through a positive pressure enhancement at the end of expiration (PEEP, followed by rapid lung deflation with an abrupt reduction in the PEEP to 0 cmH2O (ZEEP, associated to a manual bilateral thoracic compression. Aim To analyze PEEP-ZEEP technique's repercussions on the cardio-respiratory system in immediate postoperative artery graft bypass patients. Methods 15 patients submitted to a coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG were enrolled prospectively, before, 10 minutes and 30 minutes after the technique. Patients were curarized, intubated, and mechanically ventilated. To perform PEEP-ZEEP technique, saline solution was instilled into their orotracheal tube than the patient was reconnected to the ventilator. Afterwards, the PEEP was increased to 15 cmH2O throughout 5 ventilatory cycles and than the PEEP was rapidly reduced to 0 cmH2O along with manual bilateral thoracic compression. At the end of the procedure, tracheal suction was accomplished. Results The inspiratory peak and plateau pressures increased during the procedure (p Conclusion The PEEP-ZEEP technique seems to be safe, without alterations on hemodynamic variables, produces elevated expiratory flow and seems to be an alternative technique for the removal of bronchial secretions in patients submitted to a CABG.

  19. Effects of progressive muscular relaxation training on quality of life in anxious patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dehdari, Tahereh; Heidarnia, Alireza; Ramezankhani, Ali; Sadeghian, Saeed; Ghofranipour, Fazlollah

    2009-05-01

    Evidences suggest that relaxation therapy may improve psychological outcomes in heart patients. We evaluated the effect of progressive muscular relaxation (PMR) training in decreasing anxiety and improving quality of life among anxious patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). This study was an open uncontrolled trial. The sample included 110 anxious patients referred to the cardiac rehabilitation clinic of Tehran Heart Center, Tehran, Iran, during six weeks after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Patients were allocated to receive both exercise training and lifestyle education plus relaxation therapy (relaxation group; n=55) or only exercise training beside lifestyle education (control group or the recipient of usual care group; n=55). Duration of the relaxation therapy was 6 wk and in the case of usual care was 8 wk. Both the groups were followed up one month after completion of intervention. Anxiety and quality of life in the two treatment groups were compared. There were no significant differences in overall QOL, state anxiety and trait anxiety scores between the two groups before intervention. Significant reductions in state anxiety (Prelaxation group after intervention compared to control group. Women had high state anxiety and a low quality of life than men in the two groups before intervention. After intervention, there was no difference between men and women in the relaxation group. Our findings show that progressive muscular relaxation training may be an effective therapy for improving psychological health and quality of life in anxious heart patients.

  20. Long-term nutritional status in patients following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dogan, Kemal; Homan, Jens; Aarts, Edo O; de Boer, Hans; van Laarhoven, Cees J H M; Berends, Frits J

    2017-02-03

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for obesity. However, it also leads to multiple nutritional deficiencies. Much is known about the short term prevalence, but hardly any long term data is available on deficiencies. The aim of this study was to assess the long term outcome of nutritional status after RYGB. We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data obtained from 51 morbidly obese patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic RYGB. Primary outcomes were iron, vitamin B12 and vitamin D deficiencies. Secondary outcomes were deficiencies of other vitamins and minerals and compliance of the patients to multivitamin use. The mean follow-up was 81 ± 27 months. A total of 35%, 16% and 55% of the patients had deficiencies for iron, vitamin B12 and vitamin D respectively. Sixty-nine percent of patients used a (nonspecific) multivitamin supplement on a daily basis. Patients with multivitamin usage had a lower rate of iron deficiency (26% vs. 56%, p = 0.034), vitamin B12 (11% vs. 25%, p = 0.46) and vitamin D (46% vs. 75%, p = 0.07), compared to non-compliant patients. Nutritional deficiencies are common after a RYGB operation. Therefore, strict follow-up by a bariatric surgeon, endocrinologist or general practitioner is required, both short and long term. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.

  1. The Effect of Aromatherapy with Lavender Essential Oil on Anxiety and Stress in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

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    Rajai

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background Depression and anxiety are among the most common mental disorders before and after surgery. Aromatherapy is a treatment that has grown substantially in recent years in comparison with other complementary and alternative medicines (CAM to relieve anxiety. Objectives This study investigated the effect of inhaling lavender essence on the physiological and psychological status of patients who are candidates for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery. Methods This randomized clinical trial was performed on 60 patients who were undergoing CABG surgery at the hospitals of Artesh Jomhory Eslami (AJA University of Medical Sciences in Iran. Patients who met specific inclusion criteria were selected and randomly allocated into two groups: a control group that inhaled room air and an experimental group that inhaled from a piece of cotton impregnated with two drops of lavender essence. This intervention was done on the morning of surgery. To evaluate these measures, a Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS questionnaire was filled out by the patient before and after the intervention. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive and analytic statistics. Results After the intervention, the study results showed statistically significant differences between the two study groups in heart rate (mean = 78.83, P = 0.02 and anxiety level (mean = 6.63, P = 0.02. However, the differences between the two groups were not significant regarding stress level (mean = 8.63, P = 0.55 and other physiological variables. Conclusions Inhalation aromatherapy is an effective method for reducing the heart rate and the level of anxiety in patients before CABG surgery. Given that the physiological and psychological health of patients are important responsibilities for nurses, aromatherapy can be considered a safe and effective relaxation method before invasive interventions. Learning this method is recommended for students and nurses.

  2. Cardioprotection of Electroacupuncture for Enhanced Recovery after Surgery on Patients Undergoing Heart Valve Replacement with Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A Randomized Control Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fangxiang Zhang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We attempted to investigate cardioprotection of electroacupuncture (EA for enhanced recovery after surgery on patients undergoing heart valve replacement with cardiopulmonary bypass. Forty-four patients with acquired heart valve replacement were randomly allocated to the EA group or the control group. Patients in the EA group received EA stimulus at bilateral Neiguan (PC6, Ximen (PC4, Shenting (GV24, and Baihui (GV20 acupoints twenty minutes before anesthesia induction to the end of surgery. The primary end point was cardioprotection effect of electroacupuncture postoperatively and the secondary endpoints were quality of recovery and cognitive functioning postoperatively. The present study demonstrated that electroacupuncture reduced the occurrence of complications and played a role of cardioprotective effect on patients after heart valve replacement surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, and it benefits patients more comfortable and contributes to recovery after surgery. This trial is registered with ChiCTR-IOC-16009123.

  3. Xenon anaesthesia for patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a prospective randomized controlled pilot trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Tmimi, L; Van Hemelrijck, J; Van de Velde, M; Sergeant, P; Meyns, B; Missant, C; Jochmans, I; Poesen, K; Coburn, M; Rex, S

    2015-10-01

    Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery carries a high risk for haemodynamic instability and perioperative organ injury. Favourable haemodynamic effects and organ-protective properties could render xenon an attractive anaesthetic for OPCAB surgery. The primary aim of this study was to assess whether xenon anaesthesia for OPCAB surgery is non-inferior to sevoflurane anaesthesia with regard to intraoperative vasopressor requirements. Forty-two patients undergoing elective OPCAB surgery were enrolled in this prospective, single-blind, randomized controlled pilot trial. Patients were randomized to either xenon (50-60 vol%) or sevoflurane (1.1-1.4 vol%) anaesthesia. Primary outcome was intraoperative noradrenaline requirements necessary to achieve predefined haemodynamic goals. Secondary outcomes included safety variables such as the occurrence of adverse events (intraoperatively and during a 6-month follow-up after surgery) and the perioperative cardiorespiratory and inflammatory profile. Baseline and intraoperative data did not differ between groups. Xenon was non-inferior to sevoflurane, as xenon patients required significantly less noradrenaline intraoperatively to achieve the predefined haemodynamic goals {geometric mean 428 [95% confidence interval (CI) 312, 588] vs 1702 [1267, 2285] µg, Pxenon anaesthesia allows a significant reduction in vasopressor administration in OPCAB surgery. Moreover, xenon anaesthesia was associated with a lower risk for POD, a finding that has to be confirmed in larger studies. ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01757106) and EudraCT (2012-002316-12). © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Journal of Anaesthesia. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  4. Postoperative wound infection in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery: A prospective study with evaluation of risk factors

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    Bhatia J

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: Wound infection is an important cause of morbidity and occasional mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG. The aim of this study was to report postoperative wound infection in CABG surgery patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing CABG surgery between January 1998 and October 1999 have been studied. The exclusion criteria included, age less than 30 years, penicillin / cephalosporin allergy and associated other cardiac pathologies. The parameters studied were age, sex, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, myocardial infarction, chronic renal failure, previous surgeries, alcohol consumption, smoking, length of pre and postoperative hospital stay, antibiotic prophylaxis, MRSA screening, and duration of surgery. Wounds were classified as per modified CDC′s NNIS criteria. Suspected sites of infection were cultured and antibiotic susceptibility of cultured organisms was tested. Postoperative follow up was for two months. RESULTS: Six hundred and fifteen patients were studied. Of these 116 (18.86% developed SSI, involving sternum 75%, leg 21.3%, and forearm sites 3.44%. Organisms isolated at sternum site were MSSE, MRSA, and MRSE, at leg site E. coli and MSSE, and at forearm site MSSE and MSSA. Sternal site, obesity, diabetes mellitus and female sex were associated with significantly higher infection rates (p= 0.001. No antibiotic protocol proved more effective. SSI increased the postoperative hospital stay and the total treatment cost. CONCLUSIONS: Post CABG surgery SSI rate is high. Sternum and leg are the common infection sites. Obesity, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and female sex are associated with higher infection rates. "Higher" antibiotics do not lower postoperative infection rates.

  5. Evaluation of the cerebral vasodilatory capacity by the acetazolamide test before EC-IC bypass surgery in patients with occlusion of the internal carotid artery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vorstrup, S; Brun, B; Lassen, N A

    1986-01-01

    Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured by xenon-133 inhalation tomography in 18 patients with cerebrovascular disease before and 4 months after extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery. Only patients who showed a reduced CBF in areas that were intact on the CT scan and relevant to the clinical...

  6. Combined coronary artery bypass surgery and abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    OpenAIRE

    Black, J J; Desai, J B

    1995-01-01

    The proper management of patients with asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms and significant coexistent coronary artery disease is still debatable. The most common approach has been to perform the coronary artery bypass surgery some weeks before the abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in the hope of reducing the cardiac morbidity and mortality. We report our initial experience of three consecutive elective cases where the coronary artery bypass surgery and the abdominal aortic aneurysm repair ...

  7. Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Canale, Leonardo Secchin; Mick, Stephanie; Mihaljevic, Tomislav; Nair, Ravi; Bonatti, Johannes

    2013-01-01

    Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery has emerged as a feasible and efficient alternative to conventional full sternotomy coronary artery bypass graft surgery in selected patients. This minimally invasive approach using the daVinci robotic system allows fine intrathoracic maneuvers and excellent view of the coronary arteries. Both on-pump and off-pump operations can be performed to treat single and multivessel disease. Hybrid approaches have the potential of o...

  8. Hyperlactatemia in patients undergoing adult cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass: Causative factors and its effect on surgical outcome

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    Rakesh Naik

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives of the Study: To identify the factors causing high lactate levels in patients undergoing cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB and to assess the association between high blood lactate levels and postoperative morbidity and mortality. Methods: A retrospective observational study including 370 patients who underwent cardiac surgeries under cardiopulmonary bypass. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on serum lactate levels; those with serum lactate levels greater than or equal to 4 mmol/L considered as hyperlactatemia and those with serum lactate levels less than 4 mmol/L. Blood lactate samples were collected intraoperatively and postoperatively in the ICU. Preoperative and intraoperative risk factors for hyperlactatemia were identified using the highest intraoperative value of lactate. The postoperative morbidity and mortality associated with hyperlactatemia was studied using the overall (intraoperative and postoperative values peak lactate levels. Preoperative clinical data, perioperative events and postoperative morbidity and mortality were recorded. Results: Intraoperative peak blood lactate levels of 4.0 mmol/L or more were present in 158 patients (42.7%. Females had higher peak intra operative lactate levels (P = 0.011. There was significant correlation between CPB time (Pearson correlation coefficient r = 0.024; P = 0.003 and aortic cross clamp time (r = 0.02, P = 0.007 with peak intraoperative blood lactate levels. Patients with hyperlactatemia had significantly higher rate of postoperative morbidity like atrial fibrillation (19.9% vs. 5.3%; P = 0.004, prolonged requirement of inotropes (34% vs. 11.8%; P = 0.001, longer stay in the ICU (P = 0.013 and hospital (P = 0.001. Conclusions: Hyperlactatemia had significant association with post-operative morbidity. Detection of hyperlactatemia in the perioperative period should be considered as an indicator of inadequate tissue oxygen delivery and must be

  9. Aorta-LITA Bypass Grafting with Saphenous Vein in a Patient Undergoing Coronary Artery Surgery with Subclavian Artery Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerim Çağlı

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The internal thoracic artery (ITA is the primary graft for coronary artery bypass grafting and can not be used if there is subclavian artery stenosis (SAS. Aorto-axillary, carotid-subclavian bypass and also angioplasty with stenting or other interventional treatments are acceptable procedures for SAS treatment. Aorta-ITA bypass with saphenous vein can be alternative and simple technique for SAS to save Winslow pathway for patients with peripheral artery disease.

  10. Depression, anxiety and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in patients following coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tully, Phillip J; Winefield, Helen R; Baker, Robert A

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Although depression and anxiety have been implicated in risk for major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), a theoretical approach to identifying such putative links is lacking. The objective of this study was to examine the association between theoretical...... conceptualisations of depression and anxiety with MACCE at the diagnostic and symptom dimension level. METHODS: Before coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, patients (N = 158; 20.9 % female) underwent a structured clinical interview to determine caseness for depression and anxiety disorders. Depression...... and anxiety disorders were arranged into the distress cluster (major depression, dysthymia, generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder) and fear cluster (panic disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia). Patients also completed the self-report Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire, measuring...

  11. Epicardial ultrasound in coronary artery bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Budde, R.P.J.

    2005-01-01

    Chapter 1 Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is traditionally performed via a median sternotomy approach on cardiopulmonary bypass (arrested heart). Since the mid 1990ties, beating heart, minimally invasive and even totally endoscopic CABG are (re)explored. In all approaches to CABG, the

  12. Effect of Lower Extremity Bypass Surgery on Inflammatory Reaction and Endothelial Dysfunction in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pei-Hsuan Tsai

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes mellitus (DM is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia. The abnormalities in nutrient metabolism and elevated inflammatory mediators resulting from DM lead to impairment of wound healing and vulnerability to infection and foot ulcers. Diabetic lower limb ischemia often leads to limb necrosis. Lower extremity bypass surgery (LEBS is indicated to prevent limb loss in patients with critical leg ischemia. This study investigated the alteration of inflammatory and endothelium dysfunction markers before and after LEBS in DM patients. Twenty one type 2 DM patients with LEBS were included. Blood was drawn before and at 1 day and 7 days after surgery in the patients. Plasma soluble cellular adhesion molecule levels and blood leukocyte integrin expressions were measured. Also, plasma concentrations of endothelin-1 and nitric oxide were analyzed to evaluate the vascular endothelial function. The results showed that there were no significant differences in plasma cellular adhesion molecules, endothelin-1 and nitric oxide levels, nor did any differences in leukocyte integrin expressions before and after the operation. These results suggest that the efficacy of LEBS on alleviating inflammatory reaction and improving endothelial function in DM patients was not obvious.

  13. Postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting or cardiac valve surgery: intraoperative use of landiolol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nakanishi Kazuhiro

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Landiolol hydrochloride is a new β-adrenergic blocker with a pharmacological profile that suggests it can be administered safely to patients who have sinus tachycardia or tachyarrhythmia and who require heart rate reduction. This study aimed to investigate whether intraoperative administration of landiolol could reduce the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF after cardiac surgery. Methods Of the 200 consecutive patients whose records could be retrieved between October 2006 and September 2007, we retrospectively reviewed a total of 105 patients who met the inclusion criteria: no previous permanent/persistent AF, no permanent pacemaker, no renal insufficiency requiring dialysis, and no reactive airway disease, etc. Landiolol infusion was started after surgery had commenced, at an infusion rate of 1 μg/kg/min, titrated upward in 3–5 μg/kg/min increments. The patients were divided into 2 groups: those who received intraoperative β-blocker therapy with landiolol (landiolol group and those who did not receive any β-blockers during surgery (control group. An unpaired t test and Fisher’s exact test were used to compare between-group differences in mean values and categorical data, respectively. Results Seventeen of the 105 patients (16.2% developed postoperative atrial fibrillation: 5/57 (8.8% in the landiolol group and 12/48 (25% in the control group. There was a significant difference between the two groups (P=0.03. The incidence of AF after valve surgery and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting was lower in the landiolol group, although the difference between the groups was not statistically significant. Conclusions Our retrospective review demonstrated a marked reduction of postoperative AF in those who received landiolol intraoperatively. A prospective study of intraoperative landiolol for preventing postoperative atrial fibrillation is warranted.

  14. Effects of a peer education on cardiac self-efficacy and readmissions in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a randomized-controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varaei, Shokoh; Shamsizadeh, Morteza; Cheraghi, Mohammad A; Talebi, Mitra; Dehghani, Ali; Abbasi, Ali

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of a peer education on cardiac self-efficacy (CSE) and readmission of the patients undergoing bypass surgery. Self-efficacy is an antecedent vital factor in both initiating and maintaining healthy behaviours. It significantly improves after effects of heart attacks, anxiety and diminishes the possibility of readmission. This study is a randomized-controlled trial. Sixty patients undergoing bypass surgery were chosen and assigned equally into the control and intervention groups. While routine education was presented to the patients in the control group, intervention group were taught using the peer education in two sessions. CSE of all the selected patients was assessed orderly in 5 days, 4 weeks and 8 months after surgery. Moreover, their readmission was investigated after 8 months from surgery. Data was collected using demographic and the CSE scale. Data were also analysed by using χ2 , Kolmogorov-Smirnov and repeated measures analysis of variance tests. The mean score of CSE in the intervention group was significantly different from the corresponding number in the control group in all three stages of data collecting (p peer education has positive effects on CSE in patients who have bypass surgery and reduces their hospital readmission. It can be beneficial to apply this method as an educative-supportive approach in cardiac surgery fields. Implementation of peer education has positive effects on CSE in these patients and reduces their hospital readmission. © 2014 British Association of Critical Care Nurses.

  15. On-pump beating heart coronary surgery for high risk patients requiring emergency multiple coronary artery bypass grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    von Segesser Ludwig K

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB with aortic cross-clamping and cardioplegic arrest remains the method of choice for patients requiring standard myocardial revascularization. Therefore, very high-risk patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome, unstable angina, onset of cardiac decompensation and requiring emergency multiple myocardial revascularization, can have a poor outcome. The on-pump beating heart technique can reduce the mortality and the morbidity in such a selected group of patients and this report describes our clinical experience. Methods Out of 290 patients operated for CABG from January 2005 to January 2006, 25 (8.6% selected high-risk patients suffering from life threatening coronary syndrome (mean age 69 ± 7 years and requiring emergency multiple myocardial revascularization, underwent on-pump beating heart surgery. The mean pre-operative left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF was 27 ± 8%. The majority of them (88% suffered of tri-vessel coronary disease and 6 (24% had a left main stump disease. Nine patients (35% were on severe cardiac failure and seven among them (28% received a pre-operative intra-aortic balloon pump. The pre-operative EuroScore rate was equal or above 8 in 18 patients (73%. Results All patients underwent on-pump-beating heart coronary revascularization. The mean number of graft/patient was 2.9 ± 0.6 and the internal mammary artery was used in 23 patients (92%. The mean CPB time was 84 ± 19 minutes. Two patients died during the recovery stay in the intensive care unit, and there were no postoperative myocardial infarctions between the survivors. Eight patients suffered of transitorily renal failure and 1 patient developed a sternal wound infection. The mean hospital stay was 12 ± 7 days. The follow-up was complete for all 23 patients survived at surgery and the mean follow-up time was 14 ± 5 months. One patient died during the follow-up for cardiac arrest and 2 patients required an

  16. The Effect of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery in Morbidly Obese Patients on Pharmacokinetics of (Acetyl)Salicylic Acid and Omeprazole : the ERY-PAO Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mitrov-Winkelmolen, Lieke; van Buul-Gast, Marie-Christine W; Swank, Dingeman J; Overdiek, Hans W P M; van Schaik, Ron H N; Touw, Daan J

    Data on the absorption of orally administered drugs following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery in obese patients are limited and inconclusive. As it is difficult to predict changes in absorption, studies on frequently used drugs in this population are necessary. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and

  17. Carotid intima-media thickness is reduced 12 months after gastric bypass surgery in obese patients with type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundby-Christensen, Louise; Tarnow, Lise; Hansen, Dorte L

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To investigate whether Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) - an in vivo model for normalisation of hyperglycaemia - improves carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D)/impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT). METHODS: Observati...

  18. PILOT STUDY RESULTS OF THE INFLUENCE OF CITICOLINE AND PIRIBEDIL ON COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE AFTER CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Petrova

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To reveal cognitive deficit after coronary artery bypass, the influence of citicoline, piribedil on the state of higher cerebral functions in the early and late periods after surgery.Material and methods. The study included 94 patients with ischemic heart disease. All patients were divided into 3 groups. Patients of the first group (n=30 were prescribed citicoline as a cerebral neuroprotective drug. Patients of the second group (n=32 had piribedil in addition to standard therapy. Patients of the control group (n=32 had only a standard treatment without any neuroprotective drugs. All patients underwent coronary artery bypass surgery. The cognitive function was assessed before, 10 days after and six months after coronary artery bypass.Results. Patients of group 1 and 2 had achieved pre-surgical levels of cognitive tests results 6 months after coronary artery bypass. The control group had achieved initial levels only in three tests: visual memory (immediate simulation; p=0.008, categorical association (p=0.002, clock drawing test (Wilcoxon test; p=0,005, while other indices were reduced in comparison with the initial ones.Conclusion. The obtained results allow considering the studied drugs as a protectors of cognitive function after surgery. Randomized controlled double-blind studies on large samples are needed to confirm these results.

  19. PILOT STUDY RESULTS OF THE INFLUENCE OF CITICOLINE AND PIRIBEDIL ON COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE AFTER CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Petrova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To reveal cognitive deficit after coronary artery bypass, the influence of citicoline, piribedil on the state of higher cerebral functions in the early and late periods after surgery.Material and methods. The study included 94 patients with ischemic heart disease. All patients were divided into 3 groups. Patients of the first group (n=30 were prescribed citicoline as a cerebral neuroprotective drug. Patients of the second group (n=32 had piribedil in addition to standard therapy. Patients of the control group (n=32 had only a standard treatment without any neuroprotective drugs. All patients underwent coronary artery bypass surgery. The cognitive function was assessed before, 10 days after and six months after coronary artery bypass.Results. Patients of group 1 and 2 had achieved pre-surgical levels of cognitive tests results 6 months after coronary artery bypass. The control group had achieved initial levels only in three tests: visual memory (immediate simulation; p=0.008, categorical association (p=0.002, clock drawing test (Wilcoxon test; p=0,005, while other indices were reduced in comparison with the initial ones.Conclusion. The obtained results allow considering the studied drugs as a protectors of cognitive function after surgery. Randomized controlled double-blind studies on large samples are needed to confirm these results.

  20. Higher plasma motilin levels in obese patients decrease after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and regulate hunger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deloose, E; Janssen, P; Lannoo, M; Van der Schueren, B; Depoortere, I; Tack, J

    2016-07-01

    Motilin-induced phase III contractions of the migrating motor complex (MMC) signal hunger in healthy volunteers. The current aim was to study the role of motilin as a hunger-inducing factor in obese patients and to evaluate the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery on plasma motilin levels and hunger scores. Motilin and ghrelin plasma levels were determined during a complete MMC cycle in controls and obese patients selected for RYGB before, 6 months and 1 year after surgery. 20 min after the end of the second phase III, obese patients received an intravenous infusion of 40 mg erythromycin. Hunger was scored every 5 min. Hedonic hunger was assessed in obese patients with the Power of Food Scale questionnaire. Obesity caused a switch in the origin of phase III from antrum to duodenum. Obese patients had significantly higher motilin levels compared with controls during the MMC but tended to lack the motilin peak prior to phase III necessary to trigger hunger. Hunger scores during phase III were significantly lower in obese patients, but could be restored to control levels through the administration of a low dose of the motilin agonist, erythromycin. After RYGB surgery motilin, but not ghrelin, levels decreased in parallel with hedonic hunger scores. Motilin may be an important regulator involved in the pathogenesis of obesity. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  1. Normalized lactate load is associated with development of acute kidney injury in patients who underwent cardiopulmonary bypass surgery.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhongheng Zhang

    Full Text Available Cardiac surgery associated acute kidney injury is a major postoperative complication and has long been associated with adverse outcomes. However, the association of lactate and AKI has not been well established. The study aimed to explore the association of normalized lactate load with AKI in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.This was a prospective observational cohort study conducted in a 47-bed ICU of a tertiary academic teaching hospital from July 2012 to January 2014. All patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery were included. Normalized lactate load (L was calculated by the equation: [Formula: see text], where ti was time point for lactate measurement and vi was the value of lactate. L was transformed by natural log (Lln to improve its normality. Logistic regression model was fitted by using stepwise method. Scale of Lln was examined by using fractional polynomial approach and potential interaction terms were explored.A total of 117 patients were included during study period, including 17 AKI patients and 100 non-AKI patients. In univariate analysis Lln was significantly higher in AKI as compared with non-AKI group (1.43±0.38 vs 1.01±0.45, p = 0.0005. After stepwise selection of covariates, the main effect logistic model contained variables of Lln (odds ratio: 11.1, 95% CI: 1.22-101.6, gender, age, baseline serum creatinine and fluid balance on day 0. Although the two-term fractional polynomial model was the best-fitted model, it was not significantly different from the linear model (Deviance difference = 6.09, p = 0.107. There was no significant interaction term between Lln and other variables in the main effect model.Our study demonstrates that Lln is independently associated with postoperative AKI in patients undergoing CPB. There is no significant interaction with early postoperative fluid balance.

  2. Effect of Incentive Spirometry on Oxygenation in Patients after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Dehghani

    2014-08-01

    Results: In terms of gender, 70% were males and 30% were females whose mean age was 61±9.7. Moreover, the duration of mechanical ventilation was 6.4±1.67. The study results indicated that no significant difference was observed between experimental and control groups in terms of parameters of arterial blood gases in preoperation, first and second postoperative days (P> 0.05. Conclusions: Utilizing incentive spirometry did not have any effects on improving oxygenation in patients in the first and second days after surgery, compared with routine hospital treatment .

  3. Prognostic factors for perioperative myocardial infarction and immediate mortality in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirtha López Ramírez

    2016-03-01

    Conclusions: Older age and higher body mass index were protective prognostic factors for perioperative acute myocardial infarction events. Prolonged surgical time and complications were independently associated with perioperative infarction and mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Low preoperative glomerular filtration rate was also associated with mortality.

  4. "EFFECT OF A HEALTH EDUCATION PROGRAM ON QUALITY OF LIFE IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS SURGERY "

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Babaee

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Quality of life has emerged as an important concept and outcome in health and health care. This study was performed to evaluate the ability of the health education program to improve quality of life of patients with coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG. In pre operation period, 70 patients were randomized in two groups, experimental and control group (35 patients in each. The demographic information, SF-36 and Nottingham Health Profile questionnaire were administered before surgery to all patients. Patients in the experimental group received the educational intervention according to Mico’s education planning model. These patients were followed up to 1-month. At result, SF-36, Nottingham Health Profile questionnaires were administered 1-month after education by patients again. Significant improvements in quality of life between two groups, as measured by the Nottingham Health Profile, were seen in energy (P < 0.001, pain (P < 0.006, emotional reaction (P < 0.00001, sleep (P < 0.01, physical mobility (P < 0.00001 and total average quality of life (P < 0.00001. Significant improvements in quality of life between two groups, as measured by the SF-36, were seen in physical function (P < 0.00001, role limitations resulting from emotional status (P < 0.007, role limitations resulting from physical status (P < 0.05, mental health (P < 0.03, vitality (P < 0.02 and total average quality of life (P < 0.02. The findings demonstrate that health education result is improved quality of life for patients with CABG.

  5. High resolution heart rate variability analysis in patients with angina pectoris during coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mironov, V. A.; Mironova, T. F.; Kuvatov, V. A.; Nokhrina, O. Yu.; Kuvatova, E. V.

    2017-12-01

    The purpose of the study is approbation of the capabilities of high-resolution rhythmocardiography (RCG) for the determination of the actual cardiovascular status of operated patients with angina pectoris during coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABGS) for myocardial revascularization. The research was done by means of a KAP-RK-02-Mikor hardware-software complex with a monitor record and the time- and frequency-domain analyses of heart rate variability (HRV). Monitor records were made at each stage of CABGS in 123 patients. As a result, HRV manifested itself as a fairly adequate and promising method for the determination of the cardiovascular status during CABGS. In addition, the data of the HRV study during CABGS testify to the capability of RCG to determine the high risk of life-threatening cardioarrhythmias before and during operation, to different changes in sinoatrial heart node (SN) dysregulation, and contain the HRV symptoms of a high death risk before, during and after shunting. The loss of the peripheral autonomic sympathetic and parasympathetic control in SN in the form of the autonomic cardioneuropathy syndrome is a predictor of the complications related to CABGS. The obtained data on RCG monitoring of HRV recording are suggestive of wide prospects of the high-resolution RCG method to be used in cardiac surgery as a whole. The actual multivariant dysregulations of SN pacemaker activity testify to its adequacy to the pathophysiology of each period of the cardiac operation, according to the initial ischemic damages and localization of cardiosurgical manipulations during CABGS.

  6. Coronary bypass surgery in patients aged 70 years and over: Mortality, morbidity, & length of stay. Dar al-fouad experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Ghali

    2014-03-01

    This study supports the continued performance of coronary artery bypass grafting in patients 70 years. Advanced age alone should not deter a cardiac surgeon from offering such a potentially beneficial intervention.

  7. Cancer Incidence and Mortality After Gastric Bypass Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Adams, Ted D.; Stroup, Antoinette M.; Gress, Richard E.; Adams, Kenneth F.; Calle, Eugenia E; Smith, Sherman C.; Halverson, R. Chad; Simper, Steven C.; Hopkins, Paul N; Hunt, Steven C.

    2009-01-01

    Despite weight loss recommendations to prevent cancer, cancer outcome studies after intentional weight loss are limited. Recently, reduced cancer mortality following bariatric surgery has been reported. This study tested whether reduced cancer mortality following gastric bypass was due to decreased incidence. Cancer incidence and mortality data through 2007 from the Utah Cancer Registry (UCR) were compared between 6,596 Utah patients who had gastric bypass (1984–2002) and 9,442 severely obese...

  8. Comparison of EuroSCORE and STS risk parameters in patients performed with coronary artery bypass surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Salih Aydın

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To compare the feasibility of the EuroSCORE and The Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk scoring systems for predicting the surgical mortality of isolated coronary artery bypass surgery patients. Methods: The risk scoring of 148 patients who were operated on between April 2005 and March 2009 was performed prospectively according to the EuroSCORE and STS risk scoring systems. The predicted and observed mortality rates according to each scoring system were compared. Results: Hospital mortality was 13.2% (24 patients. The predicted mortality rate according to EuroSCORE was 4.71±4.9%, whereas it was 1.17±1.35% for STS. There were no significant differences between predicted and observed mortality rates according to either scoring system. The area under the ROC curve was 0.712 for EuroSCORE and was 0.727 for STS. Conclusion: Both scoring systems were efficient for predicting mortality rates for our study. It is an advantage of STS that it also gives valuable information about morbidity but for our not found satisfactory. In conclusion new risks scores for our country’s population are needed.

  9. Prospective 2-years follow-up quality of life study after infrageniculate bypass surgery for limb salvage: lasting improvements only in non-diabetic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelhardt, M; Bruijnen, H; Scharmer, C; Wohlgemuth, W A; Willy, C; Wölfle, K D

    2008-07-01

    To assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) up to 24 months after successful infrageniculate bypass surgery for limb-threatening ischaemia. 89 patients with infrageniculate bypass surgery for limb-salvage were studied. HRQoL was assessed using the Short Form (SF)-36v1 questionnaire before, 6, 12, and 24 months after revascularisation. 47 patients (53%) with intact limb and functioning graft were assessed after 24 months, 27 patients (30%) died, further 7 required secondary amputation, 3 suffered irremediable graft occlusion, and 4 were lost to follow-up. The 24-months HRQoL-values were significantly improved in 4 domains: physical functioning (pdiabetics compared to non-diabetics throughout follow-up. Maximum improvement of HRQoL was delayed in diabetics (12 months vs. 6 months) and less pronounced. After 24 months non-diabetic patients maintained improvement in 5 domains and diabetic patients only in bodily pain. Improvement in HRQoL is sustained for more than 12 months after successful infrageniculate bypass surgery. Therefore, an aggressive approach towards revascularisation seems to be justified from the patient's perspective. However, this benefit in quality of life is less in diabetic patients, despite similar limb-salvage rates.

  10. Cephalic veins in coronary artery bypass surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Licht, P; Jakobsen, Erik; Lerbjerg, G

    1996-01-01

    Various alternative conduits for aortocoronary bypass grafting have been suggested when the saphenous vein quality is inadequate. During a 10-year period we have used the cephalic vein in 39 patients. Eighteen entered an angiographic follow-up study. A total of 31 arm vein grafts were used with 43...... bypass operations....

  11. Lipid profile changes in patients undergoing bariatric surgery: a comparative study between sleeve gastrectomy and mini-gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milone, Marco; Lupoli, Roberta; Maietta, Paola; Di Minno, Alessandro; Bianco, Paolo; Ambrosino, Pasquale; Coretti, Guido; Milone, Francesco; Di Minno, Matteo Nicola Dario; Musella, Mario

    2015-02-01

    To prospectively evaluate the effect of different types of bariatric surgery on lipid profile. Total cholesterol (TC), High-Density-Lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), Low-Density-Lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) and triglycerides (TG) levels were evaluated before surgery and at 3 different post-operative time-points (3, 6 and 12 months) in consecutive obese subjects undergoing mini-gastric bypass (MGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG). At baseline, 74 MGB and 86 SG subjects were comparable for lipid profile and prevalence of hypercholesterolemia/hypertriglyceridemia. During the post-operative follow-up, both MGB and SG subjects showed significant changes in lipid profile. However, at 3 months, MGB patients showed higher changes in TC (β = 0.179, p = 0.022) and TG (β = 0.265, p = 0.001) than those undergoing SG. At 6-month post-operative follow-up, these differences were confirmed only for TC. After a 12-month follow-up, MGB and SG were entirely comparable for changes in lipid profile with the exception of HDLc, whose changes were higher in SG group (β = 0.130, p = 0.039). Overall, the probability to normalize lipid profile during the 12-month follow-up was similar in MGB and in SG patients (OR:1.24, 95%CI:0.41-3.76, p = 0.689). Despites some differences at 3-6 post-operative months, during a 12-month follow-up, SG and MGB showed a similar efficacy in the improvement of lipid profile of obese patients. Copyright © 2015 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Analgesic Treatment in Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars P H; Werner, Mads U; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    This review aimed to present an overview of the randomized controlled trials investigating analgesic regimens used in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery. Literature search was performed in PubMed and EMBASE databases in August 2013 in accordance to PRISMA guidelines. The litera......This review aimed to present an overview of the randomized controlled trials investigating analgesic regimens used in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery. Literature search was performed in PubMed and EMBASE databases in August 2013 in accordance to PRISMA guidelines...

  13. A pilot study to assess the effects of a guided imagery audiotape intervention on psychological outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Traci R; Olivo, Erin L; Grand, Sandy Hermele; Namerow, Pearila B; Costa, Joseph; Oz, Mehmet C

    2010-01-01

    Depression and anxiety are associated with increased risk of postoperative cardiac events and death in patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery. These risks persist even several months after the procedure. Guided imagery has been used with cardiac surgery patients for some time and with numerous anecdotal reports of considerable benefit. In addition, this therapy is low-cost and easy to implement, and the literature holds ample evidence for its efficacy in symptom reduction in various patient populations. It was thus hypothesized that preoperative use of guided imagery would reduce postoperative distress in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft. Fifty-six patients scheduled to undergo coronary artery bypass graft at Columbia University Medical Center were randomized into 3 groups: guided imagery, music therapy, and standard care control. Patients in the imagery and music groups listened to audiotapes preoperatively and intraoperatively. All patients completed psychological, complementary medicine therapies use, and other assessments preoperatively and at 1 week and 6 months postoperatively. Only preoperative distress was predictive of postoperative distress at follow-up. Use of complementary medicine therapies was high in all groups and this fact, in addition to the small sample size, may have accounted for the lack of significant relationship between imagery and postoperative distress. Regardless, this complementary and alternative medicine therapy remains palatable to patients. Given its efficacy in other patient populations, it is worth exploring its potential utility for this population with a larger sample.

  14. Gastric Bypass Surgery: What Happens If I Regain the Weight?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... happens if you gain back weight after gastric bypass surgery? Answers from Katherine Zeratsky, R.D., L. ... If you begin to regain weight after gastric bypass surgery, talk to your doctor. You may have ...

  15. Poor Sleep Quality in Patients after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: An Intervention Study Using the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheila Ranjbaran

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Poor sleep quality (SQ is common among patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG. This study attempted to determine the status of SQ following an intervention based on the PRECEDE-PROCEED model in patients with poor SQ after CABG.Methods: This study was a randomized clinical trial. The study sample, including 100 patients referred to the Cardiac Rehabilitation Clinic of Tehran Heart Center, was assigned either to the intervention (recipient of exercise and lifestyle training plus designed intervention based on the PRECEDE-PROCEED model or to the control group (recipient of exercise and lifestyle training. Eight training sessions over 8 weeks were conducted for the intervention group. Predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors as well as social support and SQ were measured in the intervention group before and one month after the intervention and compared to those in the control group at the same time points.Results: The mean age of the patients in the intervention (24% women and control (24% women groups was 59.3 ± 7.3 and 59.5 ± 9.3 years, respectively. The results showed that the mean scores of SQ (p value < 0.001, knowledge (p value < 0.001, beliefs (p value < 0.001, sleep self-efficacy (p value < 0.001, enabling factors (p value < 0.001, reinforcing factors (p value < 0.001, and social support (p value < 0.001 were significantly different between the intervention and control groups after the intervention.Conclusion: Adding an intervention based on the PRECEDE-PROCEED model to the cardiac rehabilitation program may further improve the SQ of patients.

  16. Phase analysis of gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: reflection of late reverse remodeling in patients with patent grafts after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Sohyun; Cheon, Gi Jeong; Paeng, Jin Chul; Won, Kyoung Sook; Kang, Keon Wook; Kim, Ki-Bong; Chung, June-Key; Lee, Dong Soo

    2016-11-01

    Phase analysis using gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (GMPS) is a tool used to assess left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony. We attempted to investigate the role of LV dyssynchrony assessed by GMPS using phase analysis for the late LV function after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in patients with patent grafts. A total of 45 patients who received off-pump CABG with patent graft 1 year after CABG and preserved perfusion reserve were enrolled retrospectively. All patients underwent GMPS before and 3 months and 1 year after CABG. Using the Emory Cardiac Toolbox, both phase histogram bandwidth (PBW) and phase SD derived by phase analysis were used for the analysis, in addition to the conventional perfusion parameters. For the evaluation of LV function, transthoracic echocardiography was also performed. All of the patients showed perfusion improvement (paired t-test, Preverse remodeling. Among those patients with reverse remodeling, 19 patients had shown LV 3 months after CABG. Using stepwise logistic regression with forward selection, PBW 3 months after CABG could predict reverse remodeling 1 year after CABG (odds ratio 1.03, Preverse remodeling 1 year after CABG with a cut-off value of 82 (sensitivity 0.95, specificity 0.56, Preverse remodeling and potential of further functional improvement in patients with patent grafts and preserved perfusion reserve after CABG.

  17. Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canale, Leonardo Secchin; Mick, Stephanie; Mihaljevic, Tomislav; Nair, Ravi

    2013-01-01

    Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery has emerged as a feasible and efficient alternative to conventional full sternotomy coronary artery bypass graft surgery in selected patients. This minimally invasive approach using the daVinci robotic system allows fine intrathoracic maneuvers and excellent view of the coronary arteries. Both on-pump and off-pump operations can be performed to treat single and multivessel disease. Hybrid approaches have the potential of offering complete revascularization with the “best of both worlds” from surgery (internal mammary artery anastomosis in less invasive fashion) and percutaneous coronary intervention (least invasive approach). In this article we review the indications, techniques, short and long term results, as well as current developments in totally endoscopic robotic coronary artery bypass operations. PMID:24251021

  18. The role of Rajyoga meditation for modulation of anxiety and serum cortisol in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery: A prospective randomized control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiran, Usha; Ladha, Suruchi; Makhija, Neeti; Kapoor, Poonam Malhotra; Choudhury, Minati; Das, Sambhunath; Gharde, Parag; Malik, Vishwas; Airan, Balram

    2017-01-01

    Rajyoga meditation is a form of mind body intervention that is promoted by the Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University. This form of meditation can be easily performed without rituals or mantras and can be practiced anywhere at any time. The practice of Rajyoga meditation can have beneficial effects on modulating anxiety and cortisol level in patients undergoing major cardiac surgery. A prospective randomized control study was carried out in a single tertiary care center. One hundred and fifty patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery were enrolled in the study. The patients were randomized in two groups namely, Group 1 (Rajyoga group) and Group 2 (Control Group). Anxiety was measured on a visual analog scale 1-10 before the start of Rajyoga training or patient counseling (T1), on the morning of the day of surgery (T2), on the 2nd postoperative day (T3), and on the 5th postoperative day (T4). The serum cortisol level was measured in the morning of the day of surgery (T1), on the 2nd postoperative day (T2) and on the 5th postoperative day (T3), respectively. In the study, it was seen that the anxiety level of the patients before the surgery (T1) and on the day of surgery (T2) were comparable between the two groups. However on the 2nd postoperative day (T3), the patients who underwent Rajyoga training had lower anxiety level in comparison to the control group (3.12 ± 1.45 vs. 6.12 ± 0.14, P anxiety level (0.69 ± 1.1 vs. 5.6 ± 1.38, P meditation. Mindbody intervention is found to effective in reducing the anxiety of the patients and modulating the cortisol level in patients undergoing wellknown stressful surgery like coronary artery bypass surgery.

  19. Comparison of the Effects of Religious Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (RCBT), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), and Sertraline on Depression and Anxiety in Patients after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: A Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled T

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nazanin Vaezzadeh; Seyed Hamzeh Hosseini; Alireza Rafiei; Ali Gaemian; Abdolhakim Tirgari; Aliasghar Zakavi; jamshid Yazdani; Jafar Bolhari; Mahmood Golzari; Zahra Esmaeili Douki

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: Our objective is to compare the effects of RCBT, CBT, and sertraline on depression, anxiety, biomarker levels, and the quality of life in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Method/Design...

  20. Diabetes surgery in type 2 BMI 24-29 vs IMC 30-34 diabetic patients: is there differences among restrictive, malabsorptive and gastric bypass procedures?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garciacaballero, M; Navarrete, S; Favretti, F; Celik, A; Del Castillo, D

    2013-03-01

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a public health problem with a prevalence of 345 million people worldwide that it may double by the year 2030 and have a high costs and mortality. Gastrointestinal surgery is accepted as a form of treatment that was already suggested for obese in 1987 by Pories, confirmed for obese patients by the metaanalysis of Buchwald and the direct comparison of gastric bypass with medical treatment in the study of Schauer that demonstrate a 4 fold greater resolution rate of DM with surgery. Improvement occurs immediately after surgery, before the patients lose weight in with BMI > 35; but there is doubt if the existent evidence is enough to extrapolate these results to patients with BMI < 35 and especially with BMI < 30, in spite that four reviews in patients with this BMI and DM2 demonstrated the same results when stomach, duodenum and part of jejunum is bypassed as happen gastric bypass (better results with this of one anastomosis than of two anastomosis, Roux-en-Y) BPD. For patients with a BMI between 30 and 35 restrictive techniques: LAGB and SGL are good but not better than the mixed: RYGB, BAGUA, or SG-DJB with remission from 60 to 100%, minor in the derivative: BPD and above on the IID with a 81% of remission. There are no differences in the metabolic control in comparison to the obese, It is progressively better with DJB, SDS, IID and BAGUA especially in patients who do not require insulin, have less time with disease, have normal C peptide levels, and not so much relation with the initial BMI that is only important to decide the degree of restriction. Although several mechanisms has been suggested for explaining these results such as caloric intake, hormonal changes, bypass of the anterior or early stimulation of posterior intestine, fundectomy, intestinal gluconeogenesis and others, new ones will appear in the near future. Copyright © AULA MEDICA EDICIONES 2013. Published by AULA MEDICA. All rights reserved.

  1. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a COX-2 inhibitor (Rofecoxib) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Poo-Sing; Asmat, Atasha; Chan, Yiong-Huak; Lee, Chuen-Neng

    2006-04-01

    The endothelium of patients with coronary artery disease shows increased expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) during coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) using cardiopulmonary bypass. This, together with serotonin, may lead to coronary microvessel spasm, which potentially, can contribute to myocardial ischemia and injury after surgery. We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients undergoing isolated CABG to determine whether short-term treatment with a selective COX-2 inhibitor, Rofecoxib (25 mg), given preoperatively and for 5 days after operation, can offer better myocardial protection in patients undergoing CABG by measuring serial cardiac troponin T (cTnT) levels. The study was powered to recruit 150 consecutive patients undergoing isolated CABG but the study was terminated prematurely by the worldwide withdrawal of rofecoxib. There were highly statistically significant (P<0.001) increases in cTnT in both groups at each time point (1, 6, 24 and 48 h after onset of cardiopulmonary bypass) compared to preoperative levels. cTnT levels were similar at all post-operative time points between the 2 groups. There is no evidence that short-term treatment with rofecoxib has a myocardial protective effect in patients undergoing CABG. There is also no evidence that its effect is deleterious to the myocardium in patients undergoing CABG.

  2. The Serial Change of Cerebral Hemodynamics by Vascular Territory after Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass Surgery in Patients with Atherosclerosis of Cerebral Arteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, Il Ki; Kim, Jae Seung; Ahn, Jae Sung; Kwon, Sun Uck; Im, Ki Chun; Lee, Jai Hyuen; Moon, Dae Hyuk [Asan Medial Center, Ulsan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-02-15

    To assess the effect of extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery on hemodynamic improvement, we evaluated serial regional cerebral hemodynamic change of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) in symptomatic patients with atherosclerotic occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) or MCA using {sup 99m}Tc-ECD acetazolamide stress brain perfusion SPECT (Acetazolamide SPECT). The patients who had suffered a recent stroke with atherosclerotic ICA or MCA occlusion underwent EC-IC bypass surgery and Acetazolamide SPECT at 1 week before and three to six months after surgery. For image analysis, attenuation corrected images were spatially normalized to SPECT templates with SPM2. Anatomical automated labeling was applied to calculate mean counts of each Volume-Of-Interest (VOI). Seven VOIs of bilateral frontal, parietal, temporal regions of the MCA territory and the ipsilateral cerebellum were defined. Using mean counts of 7 VOIs, cerebral perfusion index and perfusion reserve index were calculated. Seventeen patients (M:F=12:5, mean age: 53{+-}2yr) were finally included in the analysis. The cerebral blood flow of the parietal region increased at 1 week (p=0.003) and decreased to the preoperative level at 3-6 months (p=0.003). The cerebrovascular reserve of the frontal and parietal regions increased significantly at 1 week after surgery (p<0.01) and improved further at 3-6 months. Cerebrovascular reserve of the MCA territory was significantly improved at early postoperative period after EC-IC bypass and kept improved state during long-term follow-up, although cerebral blood flow did not significantly improved. Therefore, cerebrovascular reserve may be a good indicator of postoperative hemodynamic improvement resulted from bypass effect.

  3. Methylation and Expression of Immune and Inflammatory Genes in the Offspring of Bariatric Bypass Surgery Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Guénard

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Maternal obesity, excess weight gain and overnutrition during pregnancy increase risks of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease in the offspring. Maternal biliopancreatic diversion is an effective treatment for severe obesity and is beneficial for offspring born after maternal surgery (AMS. These offspring exhibit lower severe obesity prevalence and improved cardiometabolic risk factors including inflammatory marker compared to siblings born before maternal surgery (BMS. Objective. To assess relationships between maternal bariatric surgery and the methylation/expression of genes involved in the immune and inflammatory pathways. Methods. A differential gene methylation analysis was conducted in a sibling cohort of 25 BMS and 25 AMS offspring from 20 mothers. Following differential gene expression analysis (23 BMS and 23 AMS, pathway analysis was conducted. Correlations between gene methylation/expression and circulating inflammatory markers were computed. Results. Five immune and inflammatory pathways with significant overrepresentation of both differential gene methylation and expression were identified. In the IL-8 pathway, gene methylation correlated with both gene expression and plasma C-reactive protein levels. Conclusion. These results suggest that improvements in cardiometabolic risk markers in AMS compared to BMS offspring may be mediated through differential methylation of genes involved in immune and inflammatory pathways.

  4. Blood concentrations of cefuroxime in cardiopulmonary bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bertholee, Daphne; ter Horst, Peter G. J.; Hijmering, Michel L.; Spanjersberg, Alexander J.; Hospes, Wobbe; Wilffert, Bob

    2013-01-01

    Objectives Patients with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery are at risk for severe postoperative infections. Prophylactic cefuroxime may help to reduce this risk, however sufficient concentrations, i.e. above the breakpoint (32 mg/L), are mandatory. The aim of this study is to evaluate the

  5. Angina pectoris, one to 10 years after aortocoronary bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Laird-Meeter; H.J. ten Katen (Harald); R.W. Brower (Ronald); M.J.B.M. van den Brand (Marcel); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick); M.M.P. Haalebos (Max); E. Bos (Egbert); P.G. Hugenholtz (Paul)

    1983-01-01

    textabstractThe incidence of angina pectoris (AP) after bypass surgery was assessed in 1041 patients operated on consecutively between 1971 and 1980. Of the 977 survivors, 920 (94%) participated in the study with a followup time varying from 1 to 10 years (mean 3.5 years). Post-operative angina

  6. On-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery among patients with type 2 diabetes in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes trial†

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ashima; Schaff, Hartzell V.; Mori Brooks, Maria; Hlatky, Mark A.; Wisniewski, Stephen R.; Frye, Robert L.; Sako, Edward Y.

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES Conclusive evidence is lacking regarding the benefits and risks of performing off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) for patients with diabetes. This study aims to compare clinical outcomes after off-pump and on-pump procedures for patients with diabetes. METHODS The Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) trial enrolled patients with type 2 diabetes and documented coronary artery disease, 615 of whom underwent CABG during the trial. The procedural complications, 30-day outcomes, long-term clinical and functional outcomes were compared between the off-pump and on-pump groups overall and within a subset of patients matched on propensity score. RESULTS On-pump CABG was performed in 444 (72%) patients, and off-pump CABG in 171 (28%). The unadjusted 30-day rate of death/myocardial infarction (MI)/stroke was significantly higher after off-pump CABG (7.0 vs 2.9%, P = 0.02) despite fewer complications (10.3 vs 20.7%, P = 0.003). The long-term risk of death [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR): 1.41, P = 0.2197] and major cardiovascular events (death, MI or stroke) (aHR: 1.47, P = 0.1061) did not differ statistically between the off-pump and on-pump patients. Within the propensity-matched sample (153 pairs), patients who underwent off-pump CABG had a higher risk of the composite outcome of death, MI or stroke (aHR: 1.83, P = 0.046); the rates of procedural complications and death did not differ significantly, and there were no significant differences in the functional outcomes. CONCLUSIONS Patients with diabetes had greater risk of major cardiovascular events long-term after off-pump CABG than after on-pump CABG. PMID:25968885

  7. Uncalibrated pulse power analysis fails to reliably measure cardiac output in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broch, Ole; Renner, Jochen; Höcker, Jan; Gruenewald, Matthias; Meybohm, Patrick; Schöttler, Jan; Steinfath, Markus; Bein, Berthold

    2011-01-01

    Uncalibrated arterial pulse power analysis has been recently introduced for continuous monitoring of cardiac index (CI). The aim of the present study was to compare the accuracy of arterial pulse power analysis with intermittent transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) before and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Forty-two patients scheduled for elective coronary surgery were studied after induction of anaesthesia, before and after CPB respectively. Each patient was monitored with the pulse contour cardiac output (PiCCO) system, a central venous line and the recently introduced LiDCO monitoring system. Haemodynamic variables included measurement of CI derived by transpulmonary thermodilution (CITPTD) or CI derived by pulse power analysis (CIPP), before and after calibration (CIPPnon-cal., CIPPcal.). Percentage changes of CI (ΔCITPTD, ΔCIPPnon-cal./PPcal.) were calculated to analyse directional changes. Before CPB there was no significant correlation between CIPPnon-cal. and CITPTD (r2 = 0.04, P = 0.08) with a percentage error (PE) of 86%. Higher mean arterial pressure (MAP) values were significantly correlated with higher CIPPnon-cal. (r2 = 0.26, P < 0.0001). After CPB, CIPPcal. revealed a significant correlation compared with CITPTD (r2 = 0.77, P < 0.0001) with PE of 28%. Changes in CIPPcal. (ΔCIPPcal.) showed a correlation with changes in CITPTD (ΔCITPTD) only after CPB (r2 = 0.52, P = 0.005). Uncalibrated pulse power analysis was significantly influenced by MAP and was not able to reliably measure CI compared with TPTD. Calibration improved accuracy, but pulse power analysis was still not consistently interchangeable with TPTD. Only calibrated pulse power analysis was able to reliably track haemodynamic changes and trends.

  8. Factors influencing transfusion requirement in patients undergoing first-time, elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ailin Mazuita Mazlan

    2017-01-01

    Conclusions: By stratifying patients according to their risk factor for red cell transfusion, the high-risk patients could be recognized and should be enrolled into effective patient blood management program to minimize their risk of exposure to allogeneic blood transfusion.

  9. Drug interaction leading to prolonged sedation in a postoperative high risk coronary bypass surgery patient

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobade, Shrikant; Kulkarni, Vinay; Dhumne, Sudhir; Barde, Saurabh; Chauhan, Jitesh; Sharma, Avinash

    2011-01-01

    Use of midazolam infusion in mechanically ventilated patient is an established practice in critical care. In our case, the use of erythromycin as a prokinetic agent for better tolerance of enteral feeding and paralytic ileus led to an interaction between midazolam and erythromycin, which resulted in prolonged and deeply sedated patient. In a critically ill patient, there is always a possibility of multiple drug interactions. It is important to understand them and they should be considered before starting new medication. PMID:21633550

  10. Effect of inhalation aromatherapy with lavender essential oil on stress and vital signs in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery: A single-blinded randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bikmoradi, Ali; Seifi, Zahra; Poorolajal, Jalal; Araghchian, Malihe; Safiaryan, Reza; Oshvandi, Khodayar

    2015-06-01

    At present, aromatherapy is used widely in medical research. This study aimed to investigate the effects of inhalation aromatherapy using lavender essential oil to reduce mental stress and improve the vital signs of patients after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). A single-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted with 60 patients who had undergone CABG in a 2-day intervention that targeted stress reduction. Sixty subjects following coronary artery bypass surgery in two aromatherapy and control groups. The study was conducted in Ekbatan Therapeutic and Educational Center, Hamadan, Iran, in 2013. On the second and third days after surgery, the aromatherapy group patients received two drops of 2% lavender essential oil for 20min and the control group received two drops of distilled water as a placebo. The primary outcome was mental stress, which was measured before and after the intervention using the DASS-21 questionnaire. The secondary outcomes were vital signs, including the heart rate, respiratory rate, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure, which were measured before and after the intervention. The individual characteristics of the aromatherapy and control groups were the same. There were no significant difference in the mean mental stress scores and vital signs of the aromatherapy and control groups on the second or third days after surgery. Inhalation aromatherapy with lavender essential oil had no significant effects on mental stress and vital signs in patients following CABG, except the systolic blood pressure. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Clinical evaluation of the Spiral Pump® after improvements to the original project in patients submitted to cardiac surgeries with cardiopulmonary bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarbas Jakson Dinkhuysen

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The objective of this paper is to present the results from Spiral Pump clinical trial after design modifications performed at its previous project. This pump applies axial end centrifugal hydraulic effects for blood pumping during cardiopulmonary bypass for patients under cardiac surgery. Methods: This study was performed in 52 patients (51% males, between 20 to 80 (67±14.4 years old weighing 53 to 102 (71.7±12.6 kg, mostly under myocardial revascularization surgery (34.6% and valvular surgery (32.8%. Besides the routine evaluation of the data observed in these cases, we monitored pump rotational speed, blood flow, cardiopulmonary bypass duration, urine free hemoglobin for blood cell trauma analysis (+ to 4+, lactate desidrogenase (UI/L, fibrinogen level (mg/dL and platelet count (nº/mm3. Results: Besides maintaining appropriate blood pressure and metabolic parameters it was also observed that the Free Hemoglobin levels remained normal, with a slight increase after 90 minutes of cardiopulmonary bypass. The Lactate Dehydrogenase showed an increase, with medians varying between 550-770 IU/L, whereas the decrease in Fibrinogen showed medians of 130-100 mg/dl. The number of platelets showed a slight decrease with the medians ranging from 240,000 to 200,000/mm3. No difficulty was observed during perfusion terminations, nor were there any immediate deaths, and all patients except one, were discharged in good condition. CONCLUSION: The Spiral Pump, as blood propeller during cardiopulmonary bypass, demonstrated to be reliable and safe, comprising in a good option as original and national product for this kind of application.

  12. Gastric bypass surgery may improve beta cell apoptosis with ghrelin overexpression in patients with BMI ≥ 32.5 kg/m(2.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jian; Feng, Xiao; Zhong, Shuzhe; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jingang

    2014-04-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery can lead to long-term remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus, depending on changes in weight and circulating levels of gut hormones. The general objectives of this study were to evaluate changes in plasma levels of the ghrelin gene products following RYGB surgery and to determine the role of ghrelin in inhibiting apoptosis of INS-1 cells induced by hyperglycemia. Sixteen obese Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who underwent gastric bypass surgery were assessed in this investigation. Blood plasma levels of acylated ghrelin (AG), unacylated ghrelin (UAG), and obestatin (OB) were measured both before and 12 months after RYGB surgery. To determine the effect of ghrelin on inhibition of apoptosis, INS-1 cells were cultured in a high glucose concentration and treated with AG, UAG, or OB. Cell viability was assessed using the MTT assay, and apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry with Annexin-V FITC/PI double staining and transmission electron microscopy. Intracellular calcium trafficking was assessed using flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. All the data was processed using the SPSS statistical package and expressed as means ± SD, with p diabetes following RYGB surgery seems to be associated with increased plasma levels of AG, UAG, and OB. Moreover, the ghrelin gene products probably protect β cells by maintaining calcium homeostasis. Additional mechanisms, currently unclear, are likely to be involved as well.

  13. Aortic valve replacement with or without coronary artery bypass graft surgery: the risk of surgery in patients > or =80 years old.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslow, Andrew; Casey, Paula; Poppas, Athena; Schwartz, Carl; Singh, Arun

    2010-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes for elderly (> or =80 years) patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) with or without coronary artery bypass graft surgery (AVR/CABG). The authors hypothesized that the mortalities of AVR and AVR/CABG are lower than that predicted by published risk scores. A retrospective analysis of data from a single-hospital database. Single tertiary care, private practice. Consecutive patients undergoing AVR or AVR/CABG. Two hundred sixty-one elderly (> or =80 years) patients undergoing isolated AVR (145) or AVR/CABG (116) were evaluated. The majority (94.6%) underwent AVR for aortic valve stenosis. Outcomes were recorded and compared between the 2 surgical procedures with predicted mortalities based on published risk assessment scoring systems. The overall short-term mortality for the elderly group was 6.1% (AVR 5.5% and AVR/CABG 6.9%). The median long-term survival was 6.8 years. There were no significant differences in either morbidity or mortality between the AVR and AVR/CABG groups. Although predicted mortalities were similar for each surgical procedure, they overestimated observed outcome by up to 4-fold. Short- and long-term mortality was low for this group of elderly patients undergoing AVR or AVR/CABG and not significantly different between the 2 surgical groups. Predicted outcomes were worse than that observed, consistent with the hypothesis, and supportive of a more aggressive surgical treatment for aortic valve disease in the elderly patient. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. [Outcome of gastric bypass surgery in Iceland 2001-2015].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorarinsdottir, Rosamunda; Palmason, Vilhjalmur; Leifsson, Bjorn Geir; Gislason, Hjortur

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic roux-en-y gastric bypass (LRYGB) has been performed at Landspitali University Hospital (LSH) since 2001. The procedure represents an important treatment option for morbidly obese patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term results of these operations in Iceland. All 772 consecutive patients undergoing LRYGB at LSH during 2001-2015 were included. Information was collected from a prospective database. Successful weight loss was defined as body mass index (BMI) less than 33 kg/m2 or excess body mass index loss (EBMIL) more than 50%. Mean age of patients was 41 years and 83% were females. Mean pre-operative weight was 127 kg (±20) and mean BMI was 44 (±6). Mean %EBMIL was 80% after 1.5 year, 70% after 5 years and 64% after 10-13 years. 85% of patients had successful weight loss with a mean follow-up time of 7.4 years. Pre-operatively patients on average had 2.8 obesity related comorbid diseases. 71% of patients with type 2 diabetes were in full remission after surgery. One third of patients with hypertension and one third of patients with hyperlipidemia achieved full remission after surgery. 37 patients (5%) had an early complication and 174 (25%) had a late complication that frequently needed surgical solution. Most patients (78%) needed repeated adjustment of vitamins and minerals often many years after surgery. Majority of patients achieved a successful weight loss and most obesity related comorbidities are still in remission 7.4 years after surgery. Early complications were rare but one fourth of patients had late complications. Life long follow-up is of utmost importance after gastric bypass surgery. Key words: gastric bypass surgery in Iceland 2001-2015. Correspondence: Hjörtur Gíslason, hjorturg@landspitali.is.

  15. Cancer incidence and mortality after gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Ted D; Stroup, Antoinette M; Gress, Richard E; Adams, Kenneth F; Calle, Eugenia E; Smith, Sherman C; Halverson, R Chad; Simper, Steven C; Hopkins, Paul N; Hunt, Steven C

    2009-04-01

    Despite weight loss recommendations to prevent cancer, cancer outcome studies after intentional weight loss are limited. Recently, reduced cancer mortality following bariatric surgery has been reported. This study tested whether reduced cancer mortality following gastric bypass was due to decreased incidence. Cancer incidence and mortality data through 2007 from the Utah Cancer Registry (UCR) were compared between 6,596 Utah patients who had gastric bypass (1984-2002) and 9,442 severely obese persons who had applied for Utah Driver's Licenses (1984-2002). Study outcomes included incidence, case-fatality, and mortality for cancer by site and stage at diagnosis of all gastric bypass patients, compared to nonoperated severely obese controls. Follow-up was over a 24-year period (mean 12.5 years). Total cancer incidence was significantly lower in the surgical group compared to controls (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.76; confidence interval (CI) 95%, 0.65-0.89; P = 0.0006). Lower incidence in surgery patients vs. controls was primarily due to decreased incidence of cancer diagnosed at regional or distant stages. Cancer mortality was 46% lower in the surgery group compared to controls (HR = 0.54; CI 95%, 0.37-0.78; P = 0.001). Although the apparent protective effect of surgery on risk of developing cancer was limited to cancers likely known to be obesity related, the inverse association for mortality was seen for all cancers. Significant reduction in total cancer mortality in gastric bypass patients compared with severely obese controls was associated with decreased incidence, primarily among subjects with advanced cancers. These findings suggest gastric bypass results in lower cancer risk, presumably related to weight loss, supporting recommendations for reducing weight to lower cancer risk.

  16. Outcomes of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery for severely obese patients with type 1 diabetes: a case series report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos E Mendez

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Carlos E Mendez, Robert J Tanenberg, Walter PoriesDiabetes and Obesity Institute, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USAAbstract: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB reverses type 2 diabetes (DM2 in approximately 83% of patients with morbid or severe obesity. This procedure has been performed in small numbers of severely obese patients with type 1 diabetes (DM1, but the impact on glycemic control and insulin requirement in this population has not been widely described. We report three patients with DM1 and severe obesity that underwent RYGB. Weight, glycemic control, and insulin requirements before and one year after the procedure were compared. Significant weight loss was achieved by all three patients but insulin requirements decreased in only 2 patients. In contrast, glycemic control (A1C remained suboptimal in all three patients up to one year after the surgery. These findings suggest that RYGB leads to important weight loss and positively affects insulin sensitivity. However, reaching optimal glycemic control in patients with DM1 diabetes remains challenging due to persisting insulin deficiency.Keywords: gastric bypass, Roux-en-Y, obesity, diabetes, insulin

  17. Role of dexmedetomidine in the perioperative period of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery: A meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fang-fang CAO

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective To assess the value of dexmedetomidine during perioperative period for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG. Methods Electronic databases including Cochrane library, PubMed, EMBase, Highwire, Medline, CBM, CNKI and CSJD were searched. A meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs for comparing the effect of dexmedetomidine with that of control in perioperative period of CABG was performed. Study selection and meta-analysis were conducted according to the protocol of Cochrane Handbook for systematic reviews. Data were extracted from these trials by 3 reviewers independently and analyzed by RevMan 5.0 software. Results A total of 10 RCTs including 562 patients were assessed in this study. Compared with control group, mechanical ventilation time (RR=-2.26, 95%CI -4.44–-0.07, P=0.04, ventricular tachyarrhythmias (RR=0.21, 95%CI 0.09–0.53, P=0.0009, and incidence of delirium (RR=0.53, 95%CI 0.29–0.98, P=0.04 were significantly decreased in dexmedetomidine group. No difference was found between the two groups in intensive care unit stay time (RR=-0.27, 95%CI -0.56–0.02, P=0.06, mortality rate (RR=0.77, 95%CI 0.20–3.05, P=0.71, incidence of bradycardia (RR=1.46, 95%CI 0.88–2.44, P=0.14, hypotension (RR=1.55, 95%CI 0.98–2.46, P=0.06, application of vasoactive agents (RR=0.99, 95%CI 0.56–1.76, P=0.98, and atrial-fibrillation (RR=0.82, 95%CI 0.58–1.17, P=0.27. Conclusion Use of dexmedetomidine could decrease mechanical ventilation time, incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmia and delirium, and there was no increase in complications, thereby improving the prognosis of patients undergoing CABG surgery. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2014.12.11

  18. Association Between Platelet Count and Postoperative Blood Loss in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery With Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Fresh Frozen Plasma Administration Guided by Thromboelastometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichikawa, Junko; Osada, Yoshiko; Kodaka, Mitsuharu; Nishiyama, Keiko; Komori, Makiko

    2017-12-13

    Coagulopathy after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is caused by multiple factors, including reduced coagulation factors and a low platelet count.Methods and Results:In this study, we undertook a post hoc analysis to identify factors associated with increased postoperative blood loss in 97 patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB, with fresh frozen plasma administered according to a ROTEM-guided algorithm. We identified 24 patients for the top quartile of postoperative blood loss, >528 mL and defined as having excessive blood loss. Using Spearman's rank correlation test and multivariable linear regression, we reanalyzed the participants' demographic, surgical and anesthetic variables, laboratory test results, blood loss, and transfusion data. Univariate analysis indicated that patients who experienced higher postoperative blood loss received a significantly higher heparin dose, had a higher requirement for fresh frozen plasma transfusion during surgery, and had a significantly lower hematocrit and platelet count at the end of surgery compared with patients without excessive blood loss. Multivariate analysis showed that platelet count at the end of surgery (odds ratio 0.780, 95% confidence interval 0.629-0.967; P=0.024) was an independent factor for excessive blood loss. Low platelet count at the end of surgery was associated with excessive postoperative bleeding during cardiac surgery with CPB.

  19. Variations in dietary intake after bypass surgery for obesity. Possible relation to development of fatty liver after jejunoileal bypass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rogus, J.; Blumenthal, S.A.

    1981-01-01

    Consumption of nutrients and food energy was compared, with concomitant chemical and radiologic measurements of hepatic fat content, preoperatively and postoperatively in 25 patients who underwent gastric or jejunoileal bypass for obesity. Patients in the two operative groups ingested similar quantities of food before surgery. After surgery, caloric intake from all sources decreased in both groups but to a significantly greater extent in the gastric bypass patients. During the first six months postoperatively, the 13 gastric bypass patients showed no changes in hepatic fat content, whereas substantial increases in liver fat uniformly occurred in the 12 patients who had jejunoileal bypasses. It is suggested that dietary carbohydrate may have contributed to the accretion of liver fat in these 12 patients.

  20. Bypass surgery versus medical treatment for symptomatic moyamoya disease in adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Dong-Kyu; Lee, Kwan-Sung; Rha, Hyoung Kyun; Huh, Pil-Woo; Yang, Ji-Ho; Park, Ik Seong; Ahn, Jae-Geun; Sung, Jae Hoon; Han, Young-Min

    2017-09-01

    OBJECTIVE In this study the authors evaluated whether extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery can prevent stroke occurrence and decrease mortality in adult patients with symptomatic moyamoya disease (MMD). METHODS The medical records of 249 consecutive adult patients with symptomatic MMD that was confirmed by digital subtraction angiography between 2002 and 2011 at 8 institutions were retrospectively reviewed. The study outcomes of stroke recurrence as a primary event and death during the 6-year follow-up and perioperative complications within 30 days as secondary events were compared between the bypass and medical treatment groups. RESULTS The bypass group comprised 158 (63.5%) patients, and the medical treatment group comprised 91 (36.5%) patients. For 249 adult patients with MMD, bypass surgery showed an HR of 0.48 (95% CI 0.27-0.86, p = 0.014) for stroke recurrence calculated by Cox regression analysis. However, for the 153 patients with ischemic MMD, the HR of bypass surgery for stroke recurrence was 1.07 (95% CI 0.43-2.66, p = 0.887). For the 96 patients with hemorrhagic MMD, the multivariable adjusted HR of bypass surgery for stroke recurrence was 0.18 (95% CI 0.06-0.49, p = 0.001). For the treatment modality, indirect bypass and direct bypass (or combined bypass) did not show any significant difference for stroke recurrence, perioperative stroke, or mortality (log rank; p = 0.524, p = 0.828, and p = 0.616, respectively). CONCLUSIONS During the treatment of symptomatic MMD in adults, bypass surgery reduces stroke recurrence for the hemorrhagic type, but it does not do so for the ischemic type. The best choice of bypass methods in adult patients with MMD is uncertain. In adult ischemic MMD, a prospective randomized study to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of bypass surgery to prevent recurrent stroke is necessary.

  1. The effect of an educational intervention on coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients' participation rate in cardiac rehabilitation programs: a controlled health care trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novikov Ilia

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cardiac rehabilitation has a beneficial effect on the prognosis and quality of life of cardiac patients, and has been found to be cost-effective. This report describes a comprehensive and low cost educational intervention designed to increase the attendance at cardiac rehabilitation programs of patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Methods/Design A controlled prospective intervention trial. The control arm comprised 520 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery between January 2004 and May 2005 in five medical centers across Israel. This group received no additional treatment beyond usual care. The intervention arm comprised 504 patients recruited from the same cardiothoracic departments between June 2005 and November 2006. This group received oral and written explanations about the advantages of participating in cardiac rehabilitation programs and a telephone call two weeks after hospital discharge intended to further encourage their enrollment. The medical staff attended a one-hour seminar on cardiac rehabilitation. In addition, it was recommended that referral to cardiac rehabilitation be added to the letter of discharge from the hospital. Both study groups were interviewed before surgery and one-year post surgery. A one-year post-operative interview assessed factors affecting patient attendance at cardiac rehabilitation programs, as well as the structure and content of the cardiac rehabilitation programs attended. Anthropometric parameters were measured at pre- and post-operative interviews;- and medical information was obtained from patient medical records. The effect of cardiac rehabilitation on one- and three-year mortality was assessed. Discussion We report a low cost yet comprehensive intervention designed to increase cardiac rehabilitation participation by raising both patient and medical staff awareness to the potential benefits of cardiac rehabilitation. Trial

  2. Utilising cardiopulmonary bypass for cancer surgery. Malignancy-induced protein C deficiency and thrombophilia.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Marshall, C

    2012-02-03

    Cardiopulmonary bypass has evolved over the last 30 years. It is an important tool for the cardiac surgeon today and also has applications in non-cardiac operations such as surgery to extract tumours. Such patients undergoing surgery for cancer may be at an increased risk of a thromboembolic event post surgery, due to disturbances in the normal clotting pathway leading to hypercoagulability. One such disturbance is malignancy-induced Protein C deficiency. A deficiency of Protein C can cause hypercoagulabitity. Recent studies have examined cardiopulmonary bypass and inherited Protein C deficiency. However, surgery for cancer patients with a malignancy-induced Protein C deficiency involving cardiopulmonary bypass has not been reported. Surgery using CPB in these patients may result in increased morbidity and mortality. The objective of this article is to review the literature in order to discuss the occurrence, the aetiology and possible management of cancer patients with malignancy-induced Protein C deficiencies that require cardiopulmonary bypass for their surgery.

  3. The role of Rajyoga meditation for modulation of anxiety and serum cortisol in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery: A prospective randomized control study

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    Usha Kiran

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Rajyoga meditation is a form of mind body intervention that is promoted by the Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University. This form of meditation can be easily performed without rituals or mantras and can be practiced anywhere at any time. The practice of Rajyoga meditation can have beneficial effects on modulating anxiety and cortisol level in patients undergoing major cardiac surgery. Materials and Methods: A prospective randomized control study was carried out in a single tertiary care center. One hundred and fifty patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery were enrolled in the study. The patients were randomized in two groups namely, Group 1 (Rajyoga group and Group 2 (Control Group. Anxiety was measured on a visual analog scale 1–10 before the start of Rajyoga training or patient counseling (T1, on the morning of the day of surgery (T2, on the 2nd postoperative day (T3, and on the 5th postoperative day (T4. The serum cortisol level was measured in the morning of the day of surgery (T1, on the 2nd postoperative day (T2 and on the 5th postoperative day (T3, respectively. Results: In the study, it was seen that the anxiety level of the patients before the surgery (T1 and on the day of surgery (T2 were comparable between the two groups. However on the 2nd postoperative day (T3, the patients who underwent Rajyoga training had lower anxiety level in comparison to the control group (3.12 ± 1.45 vs. 6.12 ± 0.14, P < 0.05 and on the 5th postoperative day (T4 it was seen that Rajyoga practice had resulted in significant decline in anxiety level (0.69 ± 1.1 vs. 5.6 ± 1.38, P < 0.05. The serum cortisol level was also favorably modulated by the practice of Rajyoga meditation. Conclusion: Mindbody intervention is found to effective in reducing the anxiety of the patients and modulating the cortisol level in patients undergoing wellknown stressful surgery like coronary artery bypass surgery.

  4. High-Target vs Low-Target Blood Pressure Management During Cardiopulmonary Bypass to Prevent Cerebral Injury in Cardiac Surgery Patients - A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vedel, Anne G; Holmgaard, Frederik; Rasmussen, Lars S; Langkilde, Annika; Paulson, Olaf B; Lange, Theis; Thomsen, Carsten; Olsen, Peter Skov; Ravn, Hanne Berg; Nilsson, Jens C

    2018-01-16

    Background -Cerebral injury is an important complication following cardiac surgery with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The rate of overt stroke after cardiac surgery is 1-2%, whereas silent strokes, detected by diffusion-weighed magnetic resonance imaging (DWI), are found in up to 50% of patients. It is unclear if a higher versus a lower blood pressure during cardiopulmonary bypass reduces cerebral infarction in these patients. Methods -In a patient- and assessor-blinded randomized trial, we allocated patients to a higher (70-80 mmHg) or lower (40-50 mmHg) target for mean arterial pressure by the titration of norepinephrine during cardiopulmonary bypass. Pump flow was fixed at 2.4 L/min/m2. The primary outcome was the total volume of new ischemic cerebral lesions (sum in mm3), expressed as the difference between DWI conducted preoperatively and again postoperatively between day 3 and 6. Secondary outcomes included DWI-evaluated total number of new ischemic lesions. Results -Among the 197 enrolled patients, mean (SD) age was 65.0 (10.7) years in the low-target group (n=99) and 69.4 (8.9) years in the high-target group (n=98). Procedural risk scores were comparable between groups. Overall, DWI revealed new cerebral lesions in 52.8% of patients in the low-target group versus 55.7% in the high-target group (p = 0.76). The primary outcome of volume of new cerebral lesions was comparable between groups, 25 mm3 (interquartile range [IQR], 0-118; range 0-25261) in the low-target group vs 29 mm3 (IQR 0-143; range 0-22116) in the high-target group (median difference estimate, 0 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] -25 - 0.028); P=0.99), as was the secondary outcome of number of new lesions (1 (IQR 0-2; range 0-24) vs 1 (IQR 0-2; range 0-29) respectively; median difference estimate, 0 (95% CI 0 - 0); P=0.71). No significant difference was observed in frequency of severe adverse events. Conclusions -Among patients undergoing on-pump cardiac surgery, targeting a higher

  5. Low serum sodium level during cardiopulmonary bypass predicts increased risk of postoperative stroke after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munoz, Elizandro; Briggs, Holly; Tolpin, Daniel A; Lee, Vei-Vei; Crane, Terry; Elayda, Macarthur A; Collard, Charles D; Pan, Wei

    2014-04-01

    Rapid decreases in serum sodium levels are associated with altered mental status, seizures, and coma. During cardiac surgery, serum sodium levels decrease rapidly when cardiopulmonary bypass is initiated because cardiopulmonary bypass causes hemodilution. However, whether this decrease influences neurologic outcome after cardiac surgery remains unclear. We investigated whether the average serum sodium level during cardiopulmonary bypass is independently predictive of postoperative stroke or 30-day all-cause mortality in patients who undergo primary coronary artery bypass grafting. In a single-institution, retrospective cohort of 2348 consecutive patients who underwent primary, isolated coronary artery bypass grafting, sequential multivariate logistic regression was performed to determine the threshold below which the average serum sodium level during cardiopulmonary bypass independently predicts postoperative stroke or early death. To further test the validity of this threshold and to control for selection bias, stepwise multivariate logistic regression was also performed on propensity score-matched patients (n = 924). An average serum sodium level less than 130 mEq/L during cardiopulmonary bypass was independently predictive of stroke, both in the entire study cohort (1.44% vs 2.92%; odds ratio, 2.09; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-4.1; P = .03) and in the propensity-matched patients (0.9% vs 3.0%; odds ratio, 4.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.3-13.0; P = .02). The average serum sodium level during cardiopulmonary bypass was not independently associated with early death, regardless of what threshold value was used. An average serum sodium level of less than 130 mEq/L during cardiopulmonary bypass is independently associated with an increased risk of postoperative stroke in patients who undergo primary coronary artery bypass grafting. Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Severe scurvy after gastric bypass surgery and a poor postoperative diet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Esben P K; Metzsche, Carsten; Henningsen, Emil

    2012-01-01

    After bariatric gastric bypass surgery patients are at risk of developing micronutrient deficiencies. If gastric bypass surgery is followed by a vitamin deficient diet the patients have a risk of developing vitamin-C deficiency. When spontaneous ecchymosis is observed in the skin, in at......-risk patients, scurvy must be considered. When treated with large doses of vitamin-C the symptoms of scurvy rapidly improve even if the patient has developed multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. KEYWORDS: Scurvy; Gastric bypass surgery; Multiorgan dysfunction....

  7. Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Postoperative Complications in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: A Need for Preventive Strategies

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    Babak Amra

    2014-01-01

    Conclusions: Obstructive sleep apnea is frequent, but unrecognized among patients undergoing CABG. In these patients, OSA is associated with prolonged intubation duration. Preventing these problems may be possible by early diagnosis and management of OSA in cardiac surgery patients. Further studies with larger sample of patients and longer follow-ups are required in this regard.

  8. Bypass Surgery after Endovascular Therapy for Infrapopliteal Lesion Is Not a Poor Outcome Compared with Initial Bypass Surgery by Vascular Surgeons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morisaki, Koichi; Yamaoka, Terutoshi; Iwasa, Kazuomi; Ohmine, Takahiro

    2017-11-01

    It is unclear whether prior endovascular therapy (EVT) adversely affects bypass surgery. The aim of this study is to investigate treatment outcomes between initial bypass (bypass-first) and bypass surgery after EVT (EVT-first). We conducted a retrospective analysis of critical limb ischemia patients undergoing infrapopliteal bypass between November 2006 and December 2015. Graft patency, limb salvage (LS), amputation-free survival (AFS), and overall survival (OS) were examined between bypass-first and EVT-first groups. The subjects in this study were 75 patients and 82 limbs in the bypass-first group and 24 patients and 24 limbs in the EVT-first group. The average age was higher in EVT-first group (P = 0.03). The percentage of inframalleolar bypass was higher in the EVT-first group (P = 0.002). Primary patency at 1 and 2 years was 72.0% and 67.5% for the bypass-first group and 53.1% and 47.2% for the EVT-first group, respectively (P = 0.04). Inframalleolar bypass was a risk factor for lower primary patency (hazard ratio 3.07, 95% confidence interval 1.18-8.51, P = 0.02) in multivariate analysis, while there were no differences in secondary patency, LS, AFS, and OS. Bypass surgery after EVT has lower primary patency rates in comparison with primary bypass in patients submitted to infrapopliteal revascularization. Although very heterogeneous study population with a lot of bias in the indication of the revascularization, LS, OS and AFS are not affected by previous EVT. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Effect of metformin pretreatment on myocardial injury during coronary artery bypass surgery in patients without diabetes (MetCAB): a double-blind, randomised controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    El Messaoudi, S.; Nederlof, R.; Zuurbier, C.J.; Swieten, H.A. van; Pickkers, P.; Noyez, L.; Dieker, H.J.; Coenen, M.J.H.; Donders, A.R.T.; Vos, A.; Rongen, G.A.P.J.M.; Riksen, N.P.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: During coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, ischaemia and reperfusion damage myocardial tissue, and increased postoperative plasma troponin concentration is associated with a worse outcome. We investigated whether metformin pretreatment limits cardiac injury, assessed by troponin

  10. Outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Louise Hawkes

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Anna Louise Hawkes1,3, Madeleine Nowak1, Benjamin Bidstrup2, Richard Speare11School of Public Health, Tropical, Medicine and Rehabilitation Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia (3Currently Queensland Cancer Fund; 2John Flynn Hospital, Gold Coast, Queensland, AustraliaAbstract: This review article summarizes the major studies that have investigated the outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG. The article includes a review of the literature in the areas of: history of CABG; indications for CABG; and measurement of quality of life following CABG, including prolongation of life, physical functioning (ie, relief from angina and dyspnea, physical activity, as well as complications of surgery and re-hospitalization, psychological functioning, and social functioning. Overall, the literature demonstrates that the outcomes of CABG have historically been measured in terms of mortality and morbidity; however, it has now been well recognized that adjustment to CABG is a multidimensional phenomenon that is not fully explained by medical factors. Therefore, in addition to studying mortality and morbidity outcomes following CABG, many recent studies have identified that it is important to investigate various physical, psychological, and social variables that have a significant impact on post-operative adjustment to CABG. Keywords: coronary artery bypass graft surgery, outcomes, quality of life, recovery

  11. A comparison of early clinical outcomes of off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery in elderly patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuksel, Ahmet; Yolgosteren, Atif; Kan, Iris Irem; Cayir, Mustafa Cagdas; Velioglu, Yusuf; Yalcin, Mustafa; Tok, Mustafa; Bicer, Murat; Signak, Isik Senkaya

    2017-09-25

    The reply of question of "which coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) technique is superior in elderly patients, off-pump or on-pump CABG surgery?" is controversial. We aimed to compare the early clinical outcomes in elderly patients undergoing off-pump and on-pump CABG. From January 2009 to January 2015, 344 elderly patients (aged 70 or older) underwent off-pump (n = 137) or on-pump (n = 207) CABG. Patients' medical records were retrospectively reviewed, and their baseline preoperative characteristics, operative data and postoperative outcomes were analyzed, thereby a comparison of early outcomes between off-pump and on-pump patients was performed. Mean age of patients was 74.4 ± 3.8 years. Both groups were statistically similar in terms of baseline preoperative characteristics. Number of distal bypass was significantly lower in off-pump group than in on-pump group. Postoperative length of intensive care unit and hospital stay were similar between two groups. Amounts of transfused blood products were significantly lower in off-pump CABG group. There were no significant differences in terms of postoperative complications and mortality between two groups. Our results did not reveal a significant benefit of either surgical technique with respect to early-term clinical outcomes in elderly CABG patients. Further investigations are needed to determine whether off-pump CABG is superior than on-pump CABG in elderly patients.

  12. Combined clopidogrel and aspirin treatment up to surgery increases the risk of postoperative myocardial infarction, blood loss and reoperation for bleeding in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miceli, Antonio; Duggan, Simon M J; Aresu, Giuseppe; de Siena, Paolo M; Romeo, Francesco; Glauber, Mattia; Caputo, Massimo; Angelini, Gianni D

    2013-04-01

    Recent guidelines suggest that patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) should discontinue clopidogrel and aspirin (ASA) 5 and 2-10 days, respectively, before surgery to reduce postoperative bleeding and its complications. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between the timing of discontinuing clopidogrel + ASA and early clinical outcomes in patients undergoing CABG. Four thousand three hundred and thirty consecutive patients underwent isolated CABG from April 2004 to February 2009. Of these, 926 patients received double antiplatelet therapy in the 14 days prior to surgery. Patients were stratified into three groups: clopidogrel + ASA within 5 and 2 days, respectively, before surgery (Group A, n = 287); clopidogrel within 5 days + ASA stopped 2-10 days before surgery or clopidogrel stopped 5 days + ASA within 2 days of surgery (Group B, n = 308) and clopidogrel + ASA discontinued >5 and 10 days, respectively, before surgery (control group, n = 331). Overall mortality was 0.8%. The incidence of postoperative myocardial infarction (MI) was 5.2, 1 and 1.8% in Groups A, B and control, respectively (P = 0.004). Reoperation for bleeding occurred in 4.5, 2.9 and 1.2% (P = 0.04) and total chest drainage was 761 ± 473, 720 ± 421 and 687 ± 302 ml in Groups A, B and control, respectively (P = 0.06). Multivariable analysis revealed that Group A was an independent predictor of postoperative MI (P = 0.02), reoperation for bleeding (P = 0.02), blood transfusions (P = 0.003) and blood losses (P = 0.015). Clopidogrel in combination with ASA up to the time of surgery is associated with an increased risk of postoperative MI, blood loss and reoperation for bleeding in patients undergoing CABG.

  13. Determinants of Length of Stay in Surgical Ward after Coronary Bypass Surgery: Glycosylated Hemoglobin as a Predictor in All Patients, Diabetic or Non-Diabetic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Najafi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Reports on the determinants of morbidity in coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG have focused on outcome measures such as length of postoperative stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU. We proposed that major comorbidities in the ICU hampered the prognostic effect of other weaker but important preventable risk factors with effect on patients’ length of hospitalization. So we aimed at evaluating postoperative length of stay in the ICU and surgical ward separately.Methods: We studied isolated CABG candidates who were not dialysis dependent. Preoperative, operative, and postoperative variables as well as all classic risk factors of coronary artery disease were recorded. Using multivariate analysis, we determined the independent predictors of length of stay in the ICU and in the surgical ward.Results: Independent predictors of extended length of stay in the surgical ward ( > 3 days were a history of peripheral vascular disease, total administered insulin during a 24-hour period after surgery, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c, last fasting blood sugar of the patients before surgery, and inotropic usage after cardiopulmonary bypass. The area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (AUC was found to be 0.71 and Hosmer-Lemeshow (HL goodness of fit statistic p value was 0.88. Independent predictors of extended length of stay in the ICU ( > 48 hours were surgeon category, New York Heart Association functional class, intra-aortic balloon pump, postoperative arrhythmias, total administered insulin during a 24-hour period after surgery, and mean base excess of the first 6 postoperative hours (AUC = 0.70, HL p value = 0.94 .Conclusion: This study revealed that the indices of glycemic control were the most important predictors of length of stay in the ward after cardiac surgery in all patients, diabetic or non-diabetic. However, because HbA1c level did not change under the influence of perioperative events, it could be deemed a

  14. Bypass surgery for complex middle cerebral artery aneurysms: an algorithmic approach to revascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tayebi Meybodi, Ali; Huang, Wendy; Benet, Arnau; Kola, Olivia; Lawton, Michael T

    2017-09-01

    OBJECT Management of complex aneurysms of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) can be challenging. Lesions not amenable to endovascular techniques or direct clipping might require a bypass procedure with aneurysm obliteration. Various bypass techniques are available, but an algorithmic approach to classifying these lesions and determining the optimal bypass strategy has not been developed. The objective of this study was to propose a comprehensive and flexible algorithm based on MCA aneurysm location for selecting the best of multiple bypass options. METHODS Aneurysms of the MCA that required bypass as part of treatment were identified from a large prospectively maintained database of vascular neurosurgeries. According to its location relative to the bifurcation, each aneurysm was classified as a prebifurcation, bifurcation, or postbifurcation aneurysm. RESULTS Between 1998 and 2015, 30 patients were treated for 30 complex MCA aneurysms in 8 (27%) prebifurcation, 5 (17%) bifurcation, and 17 (56%) postbifurcation locations. Bypasses included 8 superficial temporal artery-MCA bypasses, 4 high-flow extracranial-to-intracranial (EC-IC) bypasses, 13 IC-IC bypasses (6 reanastomoses, 3 reimplantations, 3 interpositional grafts, and 1 in situ bypass), and 5 combination bypasses. The bypass strategy for prebifurcation aneurysms was determined by the involvement of lenticulostriate arteries, whereas the bypass strategy for bifurcation aneurysms was determined by rupture status. The location of the MCA aneurysm in the candelabra (Sylvian, insular, or opercular) determined the bypass strategy for postbifurcation aneurysms. No deaths that resulted from surgery were found, bypass patency was 90%, and the condition of 90% of the patients was improved or unchanged at the most recent follow-up. CONCLUSIONS The bypass strategy used for an MCA aneurysm depends on the aneurysm location, lenticulostriate anatomy, and rupture status. A uniform bypass strategy for all MCA aneurysms does not

  15. Patient's Perception About Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

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    Kelminda Maria Bulhões Mendonça

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of coronary artery disease referred for heart surgery has an important psychological component. The purpose of this study was to access the difficulties experienced by individuals awaiting coronary artery bypass grafting and to determine strategies that facilitate adaptation to a new lifestyle, modified by the disease. METHODS: A qualitative, exploratory study involving patients admitted to a university teaching hospital in the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, awaiting coronary artery bypass grafting. Semi-structured interviews were performed in accordance with a previously defined script based on the study objective. Each transcription was read in its entirety to verify the representativeness, homogeneity and pertinence of the data obtained (pre-analysis, followed by separation of categories of analysis. RESULTS: The descriptions of this study show that patients admitted to the completion of coronary artery bypass grafting experience a wide range of psychological difficulties, considering that surgery acquires interpretations that vary according to individuals' subjectivity. The patients recognized the benefit of being able to discuss their feelings as a means of diminishing their fear and anxiety. CONCLUSION: Helping patients find resources to confront more positively the daily hospitalization is an important aspect for the health care professionals who assist them. This goal can be achieved through modification of the biomedical model of care for a biopsychosocial view. The investment of time and attention is of fundamental importance and aims to overcome existing deficiencies that interfere with the outcome of patients after cardiac surgery.

  16. Coronary artery bypass grafting in high-RISk patients randomised to off- or on-Pump surgery: a randomised controlled trial (the CRISP trial).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Chris A; Pike, Katie; Campbell, Helen; Reeves, Barnaby C; Angelini, Gianni D; Gray, Alastair; Altman, Doug G; Miller, Helen; Wells, Sian; Taggart, David P

    2014-07-01

    Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the treatment of choice for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD). Evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in low-risk populations shows that 'off-pump' CABG is at least as safe as 'on-pump' CABG, but high-quality trial data in high-risk populations are lacking. To test the hypothesis that, in high-risk patients, off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) reduces mortality and morbidity without causing a higher risk of reintervention compared with on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (ONCABG). Open parallel-group RCT with a 1 : 1 allocation ratio and expertise-based randomisation. Eight specialist cardiac surgery centres in the UK and one specialist centre in Kolkata, India. Patients with an additive European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation score (EuroSCORE) of ≥ 5, undergoing non-emergency isolated CABG via a median sternotomy. CABG without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), i.e. OPCABG on the beating heart, or CABG with CPB, i.e. ONCABG on a chemically arrested heart. Primary outcome - a composite of death or serious morbidity [all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, prolonged initial ventilation, sternal wound dehiscence] within 30 days of surgery. Secondary outcomes - quality of life (QoL) [Rose Angina Questionnaire, Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) angina class, European QoL-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D), Coronary Revascularisation Outcome Questionnaire (CROQ)] and resource utilisation. The organisation of a tertiary cardiac surgery service in the UK presented several barriers to recruitment. Referral information was often inadequate to confirm eligibility. Limited surgeon participation at a centre, the need to meet referral-to-treatment performance targets and complex referral pathways did not support an expertise-based allocation. Urgent patients waiting for surgery in local 'feeder' hospitals were often not transferred until late the night before

  17. Patients lacking sustainable long-term weight loss after gastric bypass surgery show signs of decreased inhibitory control of prepotent responses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pleunie S Hogenkamp

    Full Text Available A considerable number of bariatric patients report poor long-term weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB surgery. One possibility for an underlying cause is an impairment of cognitive control that impedes this patient group's dietary efforts.To investigate if patients having either poor or good weight loss response, ~12 years after RYGB-surgery, differ in their ability to inhibit prepotent responses when processing food cues during attentional operations-as measure of cognitive control.In terms of weight loss following RYGB-surgery, 15 'poor responders' and 15 'good responders', matched for gender, age, education, preoperative body mass index, and years since surgery, were administered two tasks that measure sustained attention and response control: a go/no-go task and a Stroop interference task; both of which are associated with maladaptive eating behaviours.The poor responders (vs. good responders needed significantly more time when conducting a go/no-go task (603±134 vs. 519±44 msec, p = 0.03, but the number of errors did not differ between groups. When conducting a Stroop interference task, poor responders read fewer inks than good responders (68±16 vs. 85±10 words, p = 0.002.Patients lacking sustainable weight loss after RYGB-surgery showed poorer inhibitory control than patients that successfully lost weight. In the authors' view, these results suggest that cognitive behavioral therapies post-RYGB-surgery may represent a promising behavioral adjuvant to achieve sustainable weight loss in patients undergoing this procedure. Future studies should examine whether these control deficits in poor responders are food-specific or not.

  18. The Effect of Preoperative Melatonin on Nuclear Erythroid 2-Related Factor 2 Activation in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available During and after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG, oxidative stress occurs. Finding an effective way to improveantioxidant response is important in CABG surgery. It has been shown that patients with coronary heart disease have a low Melatonin production rate. The present study aimed to investigate the effects ofMelatoninon nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2 activity in patients undergoing CABG surgery. Thirty volunteers undergoing CABG were randomized to receive 10 mg oral Melatonin (Melatonin group, or placebo (placebo group, before sleeping for 1 month before surgery. The activatedNrf2 was measured twice by DNA-based ELISA method in the nuclear extract of peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients before aortic clumps and 45 minutes after CABG operation. Melatonin administration was associated with a significantincrease in both plasma levels of Melatonin and Nrf2 concentration in Melatonin group compared to placebo group, respectively ( pmol/L, versus pmol/L, , . The findings of the present study provide preliminary data suggesting that Melatoninmay play a significant role in the potentiation of the antioxidant defense and attenuate cellular damages resulting from CABG surgery via theNrf2 pathway.

  19. Effect of ticagrelor on the outcomes of patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery: insights from the PLATelet inhibition and patient outcomes (PLATO) trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brilakis, Emmanouil S; Held, Claes; Meier, Bernhard; Cools, Frank; Claeys, Marc J; Cornel, Jan H; Aylward, Philip; Lewis, Basil S; Weaver, Douglas; Brandrup-Wognsen, Gunnar; Stevens, Susanna R; Himmelmann, Anders; Wallentin, Lars; James, Stefan K

    2013-09-01

    Patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) who present with an acute coronary syndrome have a high risk for recurrent events. Whether intensive antiplatelet therapy with ticagrelor might be beneficial compared with clopidogrel is unknown. In this substudy of the PLATO trial, we studied the effects of randomized treatment dependent on history of CABG. Patients participating in PLATO were classified according to whether they had undergone prior CABG. The trial's primary and secondary end points were compared using Cox proportional hazards regression. Of the 18,613 study patients, 1,133 (6.1%) had prior CABG. Prior-CABG patients had more high-risk characteristics at study entry and a 2-fold increase in clinical events during follow-up, but less major bleeding. The primary end point (composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke) was reduced to a similar extent by ticagrelor among patients with (19.6% vs 21.4%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.91 [0.67, 1.24]) and without (9.2% vs 11.0%; adjusted HR, 0.86 [0.77, 0.96]; P(interaction) = .73) prior CABG. Major bleeding was similar with ticagrelor versus clopidogrel among patients with (8.1% vs 8.7%; adjusted HR, 0.89 [0.55, 1.47]) and without (11.8% vs 11.4%; HR, 1.08 [0.98, 1.20]; P(interaction) = .46) prior CABG. Prior-CABG patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome are a high-risk cohort for death and recurrent cardiovascular events but have a lower risk for major bleeding. Similar to the results in no-prior-CABG patients, ticagrelor was associated with a reduction in ischemic events without an increase in major bleeding. © 2013.

  20. Investigating the effect of family-focused nursing intervention on caregiver burden of the family members of the patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery in Isfahan Shahid Chamran Hospital during 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Moieni, Mahin; Poorpooneh, Zahra; Pahlavanzadeh, Saeed

    2014-01-01

    Background: Family burden is defined as the problems, concerns, and unpleasant events affecting the patients undergoing coronary arteries’ surgery, and is associated with these patients physical and psychological improvement. Nurses are in a good position to provide appropriate intervention. This study aimed to investigate the effect of family-focused nursing interventions on the burden of the family members of the patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. Materials and Methods: This is a ...

  1. Comparing the Effect of Continuous and Intermittent Irrigation Techniques on Complications of Arterial Catheter and Partial Thromboplastin Time in Patients Following Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sedigheh Arta

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Different approaches are available to irrigate the arterial catheter, such as continuous and intermittent techniques. However, there is a disagreement regarding the most appropriate method. Aim: this study aimed to compare the effect of two continuous and intermittent irrigation methods on complications of arterial catheter and partial thromboplastin time (PTT in patients with coronary artery bypass (CABG surgery. Method: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 60 participants undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery in open-heart surgery ICU at Imam Reza hospital in Mashhad, Iran, in 2016. In continuous group, the arterial catheter was continuously irrigated with heparin solution at the rate of 2cc/h, and in the intermittent group with a syringe containing 5cc heparin solution every 3 hours. In both groups, catheter was monitored and recorded every 3 hours (until 48 hours and 3 times from enrollment in terms of complications of partial thromboplastin time. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16. Results: The findingsof independent t-test showed that the two groups are homogeneous in age (P =0.48. The result of Fisher's exact test revealed no significant difference between the two groups in terms of average incidence of complications during the first 24 hours (P=0.55 and second 24 hours (P=0.55 after catheterization. Also during the 48 hours after surgery, independent t-test results showed no statistically significant difference in partial thromboplastin time (P=0.53 between the two groups. Implications for Practice: According to the results of the research based on the lack of difference between continuous and intermittent irrigation methods up to 48 hours after catheter replacement in terms of arterial catheter complications, further long-term follow-up researches are recommended.

  2. Continuous cardiac output measurement: arterial pressure analysis versus thermodilution technique during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lorsomradee, S.; Lorsomradee, S. R.; Cromheecke, S.; de Hert, S. G.

    2007-01-01

    This study compared cardiac output measured with an arterial pressure-based cardiac output measurement system and a thermodilution cardiac output measurement system. We studied 36 patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Simultaneous arterial pressure-based and thermodilution

  3. Effects of preoperative treatment with diltiazem on diastolic ventricular function after coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Maaten, JMAA; de Vries, AJ; Henning, RH; Epema, AH; van den Berg, MP; Lip, H

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To examine whether preoperative treatment with diltiazem could ameliorate left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Design: Prospective, nonrandomized clinical study. Setting: University hospital. Participants: Thirty-four

  4. Lower leg electrical impedance after distal bypass surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Belanger, G K; Bolbjerg, M L; Heegaard, N H

    1998-01-01

    Electrical impedance was determined in 13 patients following distal bypass surgery to evaluate lower leg oedema as reflected by its circumference. Tissue injury was assessed by the plasma concentration of muscle enzymes. After surgery, the volume of the control lower leg increased from 1250 (816......-104) ohms (P surgery was indicated by an increase in total creatine kinase (n = 17) and MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (n = 8) (P surgery (P ... of troponin I (n = 8). In conclusion, tissue injury was reflected by increases in muscle enzymes in plasma. We found an inverse correlation between lower leg electrical impedance and volume, but the deviation in electrical impedance was approximately twice that of the leg volume. Electrical impedance appears...

  5. [VIABILITY OF MYOCAROIUM AS RISK FACTOR FOR MORTALITY IN EARLY AND LATE PERIOD AFTER BYPASS SURGERY OF CORONARY ARTERIES IN PATIENTS WITH CORONARY HEART DISEASE AND SEVERE LEFT VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todurov, B M; Zelenchuk, V; Kuzmich, I M; Ivanyuk, N B; Nikolaichuk, M V

    2015-06-01

    In coronary heart disease and low ejection fraction of the left ventricle (LV) in patients after coronary artery bypass surgery tend mortality and complication rate higher than preserved LV systolic function. Significant preoperative predictors of early mortality and remote in these patients, and the incidence of complications in the early postoperative period were reveald.

  6. Feasibility and safety of minimized cardiopulmonary bypass in major aortic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momin, Aziz U; Sharabiani, Mansour T A; Kidher, Emadin; Najefi, Ali; Mulholland, John W; Reeves, Barnaby C; Angelini, Gianni D; Anderson, Jon R

    2013-10-01

    Conventional cardiopulmonary bypass causes haemodilution and is a trigger of systemic inflammatory reactions, coagulopathy and organ failure. Miniaturized cardiopulmonary bypass has been proposed as a way to reduce these deleterious effects of conventional cardiopulmonary bypass and to promote a more physiological state. The use of miniaturized cardiopulmonary bypass has been reported in low-risk patients undergoing valve and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. However, little is known about its application in major aortic surgery. From February 2007 to September 2010, 49 patients underwent major aortic surgery using the Hammersmith miniaturized cardiopulmonary bypass (ECCO, Sorin). Data were extracted from medical records to characterize preoperative comorbidities (EuroSCORE), perioperative complications and the use of blood products. The same data were collected and described for 328 consecutive patients having similar surgery with conventional cardiopulmonary bypass at the Bristol Heart Institute, our twinned centre, during the same period. The miniaturized cardiopulmonary bypass group had a median EuroSCORE of 8 [inter-quartile range (IQR): 5-11], 13% had preoperative renal dysfunction and 20% of operations were classified as emergency or salvage. Thirty-day mortalities were 6.4; and 69, 67 and 74% had ≥ 1 unit of red cells, fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and platelets transfused, respectively. Eight percent of patients experienced a renal complication, and 8% a neurological complication. The conventional cardiopulmonary bypass group was similar, with a EuroSCORE of 8 (IQR: 6-10); 30-day mortalities were 9.4; and 68, 62 and 74% had ≥ 1 unit of red cells, FFP and platelets transfused, respectively. The proportions experiencing renal and neurological complications were 14 and 5%. Our experience suggests that miniaturized cardiopulmonary bypass is safe and feasible for use in major aortic cardiac surgery. A randomized trial is needed to evaluate

  7. Myocardial metabolism during anaesthesia with propofol--low dose fentanyl for coronary artery bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeyen, K. M.; de Hert, S. G.; Erpels, F. A.; Adriaensen, H. F.

    1991-01-01

    We have studied the haemodynamic and myocardial effects of propofol-fentanyl anaesthesia in 12 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery during the pre-bypass period. The induction dose of propofol was 1.5 mg kg-1 and mean infusion rate during maintenance was 4.48 mg kg-1 h-1 (range

  8. Arterial clamping leads to stenosis at clamp sites after femoropopliteal bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vriens, Bianca H. R.; Pol, Robert A.; Hulsebos, Robin G.; van Det, Rob J.; van der Palen, Job; Zeebregts, Clark J.; Geelkerken, Robert H.

    BACKGROUND: To date, the incidence and clinical relevance of arterial stenosis at clamp sites after femoropopliteal bypass surgery is unknown. METHODS: Ninety-four patients underwent a femoropopliteal bypass in which the arterial inflow and outflow clamp sites were controlled by the

  9. Arterial clamping leads to stenosis at clamp sites after femoropopliteal bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vriens, Bianca H.R.; Pol, Robert A.; Hulsebos, Robin G.; van Det, Rob J.; van der Palen, Jacobus Adrianus Maria; Zeebregts, Clark J.; Geelkerken, Robert H.

    2015-01-01

    Background To date, the incidence and clinical relevance of arterial stenosis at clamp sites after femoropopliteal bypass surgery is unknown. Methods Ninety-four patients underwent a femoropopliteal bypass in which the arterial inflow and outflow clamp sites were controlled by the Fogarty-Soft-Inlay

  10. Predictors and clinical outcomes of postoperative delirium after administration of dexamethasone in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davoud Mardani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Postoperative delirium (POD is one of the important complications of cardiac surgery and it is assumed to provoke inflammatory responses. Theoretically, anti-inflammatory effects of dexamethasone can have an influence on the incidence and outcomes of POD. The aim of our study was to assess POD predictors and outcomes of dexamethasone administration after cardiac surgery. Methods: Patients′ mental status was examined by mini-mental status examination and psychiatric interviewing to diagnose delirium. Subsequently, authors analyzed the patient variables for identification of predictors and outcomes of POD. Results: Between 196 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 34 (17.34% patients were delirious. History of chronic renal failure, obstructive pulmonary disease, smoking, and addiction strongly predicted development of POD. Other predictors were intra-aortic balloon pump insertion, transfusion of packed cells, and atrial fibrillation rhythm. In our study, the administration of dexamethasone significantly reduced the risk for POD. Furthermore, delirium was associated with longer intensive care unit (ICU stay. Conclusion: Our study reports the predictors of POD, which patients commonly facing them in cardiac surgery ICU. Appropriate management and prevention of these predictors, especially modifiable ones, can decrease the incident of POD and improves cognitive outcomes of cardiac surgeries.

  11. OPCAB surgery is cost-effective for elderly patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Houlind, Kim Christian; Kjeldsen, Bo Juul; Madsen, Susanne Nørgaard

    2013-01-01

    To determine the cost-effective operative strategy for coronary artery bypass surgery in patients above 70 years.......To determine the cost-effective operative strategy for coronary artery bypass surgery in patients above 70 years....

  12. Decline in Health-Related Quality of Life 6 Months After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El Baz, Noha; Pedersen, Susanne S.; van Dijk, Jitse P

    2013-01-01

    Although coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is known to improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL), this improvement does not seem to be realized in all patients who had undergone CABG surgery.......Although coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is known to improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL), this improvement does not seem to be realized in all patients who had undergone CABG surgery....

  13. Intussusception after Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery: An Underrecognized Complication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smit Singla

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Intussusception after bariatric surgery is an uncommon complication that is now being frequently reported. Most people consider dysmotility to be the causative mechanism in the absence of obvious etiology. Material and Methods. A worldwide search identified literature describing intussusception after bariatric surgery. We also included our own patients and analyzed information regarding demographic profile, risk factors, presentation, diagnosis, and post treatment course. Results. Seventy one patients were identified between 1991 and 2011. Majority of the affected patients were females (=70, 98.6%; median time to presentation after gastric bypass surgery was 36 months. Most patients presented with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, but without obvious peritonitis. Sixty eight patients (96% required surgery; 48 (70.6% underwent revision of anastomosis, 16 (23.5% had reduction without resection, while 4 patients (5.9% had plication only. Amongst these, most patients (=51, 75% were found to have retrograde intussusception. Post-operatively, 9 patients presented with recurrence (range, 0.5–32 months. Five patients, who had earlier been treated without resection, eventually required revision of the anastomosis. There was no mortality noted. Conclusion. Intussusception after bariatric surgery is uncommon and its diagnosis is based on a combination of physicial, radiological and operative findings. An early surgical intervention reduces morbidity and prevents recurrence.

  14. High Spinal Anesthesia Enhances Anti-Inflammatory Responses in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery and Aortic Valve Replacement: Randomized Pilot Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trevor W R Lee

    Full Text Available Cardiac surgery induces many physiologic changes including major inflammatory and sympathetic nervous system responses. Here, we conducted a single-centre pilot study to generate hypotheses on the potential immune impact of adding high spinal anaesthesia to general anaesthesia during cardiac surgery in adults. We hypothesized that this strategy, previously shown to blunt the sympathetic response and improve pain management, could reduce the undesirable systemic inflammatory responses caused by cardiac surgery.This prospective randomized unblinded pilot study was conducted on 14 patients undergoing cardiac surgery for coronary artery bypass grafting and/or aortic valve replacement secondary to severe aortic stenosis. The primary outcome measures examined longitudinally were serum pro-inflammatory (IL-6, IL-1b, CCL2, anti-inflammatory (IL-10, TNF-RII, IL-1Ra, acute phase protein (CRP, PTX3 and cardiovascular risk (sST2 biomarkers.The kinetics of pro- and anti-inflammatory biomarker was determined following surgery. All pro-inflammatory and acute phase reactant biomarker responses induced by surgical stress were indistinguishable in intensity and duration between control groups and those who also received high spinal anaesthesia. Conversely, IL-10 levels were markedly elevated in both intensity and duration in the group receiving high spinal anesthesia (p = 0.005.This hypothesis generating pilot study suggests that high spinal anesthesia can alter the net inflammatory response that results from cardiac surgery. In appropriately selected populations, this may add incremental benefit by dampening the net systemic inflammatory response during the week following surgery. Larger population studies, powered to assess immune, physiologic and clinical outcomes in both acute and longer term settings, will be required to better assess potential benefits of incorporating high spinal anesthesia.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00348920.

  15. In-hospital and long-term outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery in patients ≤ 45 years of age and older (from the KROK registry).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trzeciak, Przemysław; Karolak, Wojtek; Gąsior, Mariusz; Zembala, Marian

    2017-01-01

    There is a paucity of data concerning the clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in patients ≤ 45 years old. We aimed to compare the clinical characteristics, and in-hospital and long-term outcomes of patients ≤ 45 years and > 45 years old, who underwent isolated CABG. We identified consecutive patients who had isolated CABG in the Department of Cardiac Surgery and Transplantology in the Silesian Centre for Heart Diseases in Zabrze between January 2006 and December 2011 and were enrolled in the Polish National Registry of Cardiac Surgery Procedures (KROK registry). A total of 8196 patients were identified and split into two groups, age ≤ 45 years old (young group; n = 130) and > 45 years old (old group; n = 8066). Patients ≤ 45 years old were less often females (18.5% vs. 27.6%, p < 0.027), more often smokers (84.6% vs. 66.9%, p < 0.0001), and had a higher incidence of previous myocardial infarction (MI) (40.8% vs. 29.6%, p = 0.008). Patients ≤ 45 years old more often received only one graft (27.7% vs. 15.0%, p < 0.0001), were operated on with minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) technique (12.3% vs. 3.9%, p < 0.0001), and had complete arterial revascularisation (55.4% vs. 18.1%, p < 0.0001). There were no significant differences between the groups regarding in-hospital mortality (0.8% vs. 1.4%, p = 0.808). Long-term outcomes revealed that young patients, compared with the older patients, showed no significant differences in the number of MI (4.6% vs. 5.6%), unstable angina (8.5% vs. 9.9%), coronary angioplasty (12.3% vs. 15.1%), reCABG (0.8% vs. 0.1%), and strokes (2.3% vs. 4.3%) during the follow-up period; long-term mortality occurred less often in the young patients (4.6% vs. 15.0%, p = 0.002). We conclude that patients ≤ 45 years old requiring CABG differ from their older counterparts in clinical and surgical characteristics. We noted no significant differences in the

  16. Long-term Prognosis after Extracranial-intracranial Bypass Surgery for Symptomatic Cerebrovascular Occlusive Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komatani, Hideki; Okamoto, Yuji; Aoki, Takachika; Noguchi, Kei; Morioka, Motohiro

    2017-06-12

    Prognosis after extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery has only been studied for a few years and the benefits of this procedure are still controversial. In this single-center retrospective study, we examined the long-term prognosis of patients who underwent EC-IC bypass surgery. Subjects were patients with symptomatic internal carotid artery or intracranial lesion occlusive disease who underwent EC-IC bypass surgery between 1991 and 2003. Of these, long-term prognosis was examined in 57 patients (39 male, 18 female; mean age, 61.8 years) who showed good surgical outcomes 30 days after bypass surgery, measured as a 0-2 on the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). They were divided into 2 groups (survivors and non-survivors) and were analyzed to identify factors effecting long-term survival after bypass surgery. Sixteen patients (28%), whose mean follow-up period (survival time) was 8.3±3.8 years, died after the bypass surgery. The average follow-up period for the survivors was 12.0±1.1 years, which was significantly longer than that for the non-survivors (Pbypass surgery was very good.

  17. A systematic review of outcomes in patients with staged carotid artery stenting and coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzman, Luis A; Costa, Marco A; Angiolillo, Dominick J; Zenni, Martin; Wludyka, Peter; Silliman, Scott; Bass, Theodore A

    2008-02-01

    Although current guidelines state that carotid endarterectomy is probably recommended before or concomitant to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with carotid stenosis, significant controversies to this recommendation still persist. Carotid artery stenting has been recently introduced as an alternative revascularization modality in high-risk patients. The aim of this study was to define, based on the published information, if carotid artery stenting is beneficial in this setting. A search of MEDLINE and a manual search of the literature from selected articles were performed. A total of 6 studies with 277 patients reporting carotid stenting followed by staged CABG were available for this clinical outcome analysis. All were retrospective and single-center studies. The mean age was 69 years; 78% were males. Asymptomatic carotid stenosis was present in 76% of patients. The mean time to CABG was 32 days. The incidence of stroke and death associated with the stent procedure was 4.7%. Only 6 patients (2.2%) developed stroke associated with CABG. The overall combined 30-day event rate after CABG, including all events during carotid artery stenting, were as follows: minor stroke, 2.9%; major stroke, 3.2%; mortality, 7.6%; and combined death and any stroke, 12.3%. In this pooled analysis, the combined incidence of death and stroke in patients undergoing carotid artery stenting and staged CABG remains elevated. These results confirm that the presence of carotid stenosis is per se a marker of risk that might persists independent of its treatment. A systematic or randomized evaluation appears warranted.

  18. Use of multidetector computed tomography angiography of upper limb circulation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan B Altinsoy

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the bilateral forehand circulation using a 64-channel multidetector computed tomography (MDCT as a noninvasive method to define criteria for an upper extremity arterial anatomy and pathology prior to the use of arterial conduits. Materials and Methods: Fifty-five patients with coronary artery disease who underwent total arterial coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG were randomly selected for this prospective study. MDCT angiography was performed for 110 examinations of forearm and hand arterial anatomy. Prior to MDCT, Allen tests were performed in all patients with a normal result, except four. Thirteen patients had diabetes mellitus (DM, 8 had peripheral artery occlusive disease, and 19 had a history of smoking. Results: All arteries, including axillary, ulnar artery (UA and radial artery (RA, were clearly visualized in all patients. Upper extremity anatomical and pathological results were examined in 16 patients (29.1%. Severely calcified RA and/or UA were found in 6 patients who had a moderate renal failure. Nearly total occlusion of the RA was detected in another two patients. Focal intimal RA calcification was recorded in 1 female and 3 male patients. Ten patients who had severe calcification or intimal sclerosis of the upper extremity arteries had DM. The remaining patients had normal forehand arterial circulation. A persistent median artery with the absence of radial and ulnar arteries and a high bifurcation of RA from the brachial artery was detected as an anatomic variation in seven patients (12.7%. Conclusions: The major advantages of MDCT angiography are its non-invasiveness and the ability to detect calcific subadventitial plaques, which are difficult to diagnose using conventional angiography. MDCT may be used as a safe and non-invasive method to assess RA and UA prior to harvesting the upper limb artery. Preoperative imaging of forehand arteries is a means to avoid unnecessary forearm

  19. In-Hospital and Long-Term Prognosis after Myocardial Infarction in Patients with Prior Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery; 19-Year Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Predrag M. Mitrovic

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available To present a 19-year experience of the prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI and prior coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS, 748 patients with AMI after prior CABS (postbypass group and a control group of 1080 patients with AMI, but without prior CABS, were analyzed. All indexes of infarct size were lower in the postbypass group. There was more ventricular fibrillation in the postbypass group. In-hospital mortality was similar (p = 0.3675. In the follow-up period, postbypass patients had more heart failure, recurrent CABS, reinfarction, and unstable angina than did control patients. Cumulative survival was better in the control group than in the postbypass group (p = 0.0403. Multiple logistic regression model showed that previous angina (p = 0.0005, diabetes (p = 0.0058, and age (p = 0.0102 were independent predictor factors for survival. Use of digitalis and diuretics, together with previous angina, also influenced survival (p = 0.0092, as well as male gender, older patients, and diabetes together (p = 0.0420. Patients with AMI after prior CABS had smaller infarct, but more reinfarction, reoperation, heart failure, and angina. Previous angina, diabetes, and age, independently, as well as use of digitalis and diuretics together with angina, and male gender, older patients, and diabetes together, influenced a worse survival rate in these patients.

  20. Endothelial dysfunction and smoking factor in patients with coronary heart disease while testing the radial artery prior to coronary bypass surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. V. Kamenskaya

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Patients (111 males with coronary heart disease (CHD and angina, II-III functional class, accompanied by arterial hypertension (AH, I-III degree, in 77 % of cases (mean age was 62.00.76 years were examined prior to coronary bypass surgery. The patients were divided into two groups: group 1 consisted of 56 nonsmoking patients (112 upper extremities and group 2 - 55 smoking patients (110 upper extremities with the experience of smoking being 331.6 years on average. The thumb of both the right and left hand was tested for peripheral microcirculatory blood flow (MBF by using a laser-Doppler flowmetry method (LDF. This quantitative method was developed at our clinic to assess the adequacy of collateral circulation in the hand. The method compares MBF provided by the ulnar artery, with the radial artery occluded, with the background level. Some features of various clinical parameters in the group of smokers suffering from coronary artery disease were analyzed in comparison with those of non-smokers. Significant differences were found in the indicators of lipid profile: increased levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL against the background of low high-density lipoprotein (HDL in the group of smoking patients. We found out that the smokers had to apply for surgical treatment by 7 years (on average earlier; they had a significantly greater number of heart attacks and showed the lowest body mass index (BMI. The LDF test helped to establish that smoking in patients with CHD enhances the endothelial dysfunction, while significantly reducing the reactivity of the microvascular bed under the influence of hyperemic stimulus. Sampling the radial artery for coronary artery bypass grafting in smokers tended to give negative results.

  1. Effects of a pre-operative home-based inspiratory muscle training programme on perceived health-related quality of life in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valkenet, K.; Trappenburg, J. C A; Hulzebos, E. H.; van Meeteren, N. L U; Backx, F. J G

    Objectives: Pre-operative inspiratory muscle training has been shown to decrease the incidence of postoperative pneumonia and length of hospital stay in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). This study investigated if this decrease acted as a mediator on the time course of

  2. Xenon as an Adjuvant to Propofol Anesthesia in Patients Undergoing Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: A Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Tmimi, Layth; Devroe, Sarah; Dewinter, Geertrui; Van de Velde, Marc; Poortmans, Gert; Meyns, Bart; Meuris, Bart; Coburn, Mark; Rex, Steffen

    2017-10-01

    Xenon was shown to cause less hemodynamic instability and reduce vasopressor needs during off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery when compared with conventionally used anesthetics. As xenon exerts its organ protective properties even in subanesthetic concentrations, we hypothesized that in patients undergoing OPCAB surgery, 30% xenon added to general anesthesia with propofol results in superior hemodynamic stability when compared to anesthesia with propofol alone. Fifty patients undergoing elective OPCAB surgery were randomized to receive general anesthesia with 30% xenon adjuvant to a target-controlled infusion of propofol or with propofol alone. The primary end point was the total intraoperative dose of norepinephrine required to maintain an intraoperative mean arterial pressure >70 mm Hg. Secondary outcomes included the perioperative cardiorespiratory profile and the incidence of adverse and serious adverse events. Adding xenon to propofol anesthesia resulted in a significant reduction of norepinephrine required to attain the predefined hemodynamic goals (cumulative intraoperative dose: median [interquartile range]: 370 [116-570] vs 840 [335-1710] µg, P = .001). In the xenon-propofol group, significantly less propofol was required to obtain a similar depth of anesthesia as judged by clinical signs and the bispectral index (propofol effect site concentration [mean ± SD]: 1.8 ± 0.5 vs 2.8 ± 0.3 mg, P≤ .0001). Moreover, the xenon-propofol group required significantly less norepinephrine during the first 24 hours on the intensive care unit (median [interquartile range]: 1.5 [0.1-7] vs 5 [2-8] mg, P = .048). Other outcomes and safety parameters were similar in both groups. Thirty percent xenon added to propofol anesthesia improves hemodynamic stability by decreasing norepinephrine requirements in patients undergoing OPCAB surgery.

  3. Computed tomography perfusion evaluation after extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, Pieter C.; Riordan, Alan J.; Smit, Ewoud J.; de Jong, Hugo W. A. M.; van der Zwan, Albert; Velthuis, BK; Viergever, Max A.; Dankbaar, Jan Willem

    Objective: Perfusion imaging is increasingly used for postoperative evaluation of extracranial to intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery. Altered hemodynamics and delayed arrival of the contrast agent in the area fed by the bypass can influence perfusion measurement. We compared perfusion asymmetry

  4. Hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy in patients with previous gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Droeser, Raoul A; Ottosson, Johan; Muth, Andreas; Hultin, Hella; Lindwall-Åhlander, Karin; Bergenfelz, Anders; Almquist, Martin

    2017-03-01

    Case reports suggest that patients with previous gastric bypass have an increased risk of severe hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy, but there are no population-based studies. The prevalence of gastric bypass before thyroidectomy and the risk of hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy in patients with previous gastric bypass were investigated. By cross-linking The Scandinavian Quality Registry for Thyroid, Parathyroid and Adrenal Surgery with the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry patients operated with total thyroidectomy without concurrent or previous surgery for hyperparathyroidism were identified and grouped according to previous gastric bypass. The risk of treatment with intravenous calcium during hospital stay, and with oral calcium and vitamin D at 6 weeks and 6 months postoperatively was calculated by using multiple logistic regression in the overall cohort and in a 1:1 nested case-control analysis. We identified 6115 patients treated with total thyroidectomy. Out of these, 25 (0.4 %) had undergone previous gastric bypass surgery. In logistic regression, previous gastric bypass was not associated with treatment with i.v. calcium (OR 2.05, 95 % CI 0.48-8.74), or calcium and/or vitamin D at 6 weeks (1.14 (0.39-3.35), 1.31 (0.39-4.42)) or 6 months after total thyroidectomy (1.71 (0.40-7.32), 2.28 (0.53-9.75)). In the nested case-control analysis, rates of treatment for hypocalcemia were similar in patients with and without previous gastric bypass. Previous gastric bypass surgery was infrequent in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy and was not associated with an increased risk of postoperative hypocalcemia.

  5. Cardioprotective and prognostic effects of remote ischaemic preconditioning in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery: a single-centre randomised, double-blind, controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thielmann, Matthias; Kottenberg, Eva; Kleinbongard, Petra; Wendt, Daniel; Gedik, Nilgün; Pasa, Susanne; Price, Vivien; Tsagakis, Konstantinos; Neuhäuser, Markus; Peters, Jürgen; Jakob, Heinz; Heusch, Gerd

    2013-08-17

    Remote ischaemic preconditioning has been associated with reduced risk of myocardial injury after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. We investigated the safety and efficacy of this procedure. Eligible patients were those scheduled to undergo elective isolated first-time CABG surgery under cold crystalloid cardioplegia and cardiopulmonary bypass at the West-German Heart Centre, Essen, Germany, between April, 2008, and October, 2012. Patients were prospectively randomised to receive remote ischaemic preconditioning (three cycles of 5 min ischaemia and 5 min reperfusion in the left upper arm after induction of anaesthesia) or no ischaemic preconditioning (control). The primary endpoint was myocardial injury, as reflected by the geometric mean area under the curve (AUC) for perioperative concentrations of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in serum in the first 72 h after CABG. Mortality was the main safety endpoint. Analysis was done in intention-to-treat and per-protocol populations. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01406678. 329 patients were enrolled. Baseline characteristics and perioperative data did not differ between groups. cTnI AUC was 266 ng/mL over 72 h (95% CI 237-298) in the remote ischaemic preconditioning group and 321 ng/mL (287-360) in the control group. In the intention-to-treat population, the ratio of remote ischaemic preconditioning to control for cTnI AUC was 0·83 (95% CI 0·70-0·97, p=0·022). cTnI release remained lower in the per-protocol analysis (0·79, 0·66-0·94, p=0·001). All-cause mortality was assessed over 1·54 (SD 1·22) years and was lower with remote ischaemic preconditioning than without (ratio 0·27, 95% CI 0·08-0·98, p=0·046). Remote ischaemic preconditioning provided perioperative myocardial protection and improved the prognosis of patients undergoing elective CABG surgery. German Research Foundation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Impact of proximal radiopaque coronary bypass graft markers on postbypass surgery coronary angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pingpoh, Clarence; Siepe, Matthias; Burger, Katharina; Zietak, Thomas; Valina, Christian M; Ferenc, Miroslav; Beyersdorf, Friedhelm; Neumann, Franz-Josef; Hochholzer, Willibald

    2017-12-19

    Implantation of radiopaque bypass graft markers during coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) has the potential of facilitating subsequent coronary angiography. This study sought to investigate the impact of proximal coronary bypass graft markers on angiographic outcomes during subsequent coronary angiography in a large cohort. Between 2005 and 2016, we enrolled 1378 patients (331 with and 1047 without bypass graft markers) with a history of CABG who underwent their first subsequent coronary angiography at our institution. Primary endpoints were radiation time and absolute amount of contrast media used. In unadjusted analyses, radiation time, duration of angiography, dose area product, and the amount of contrast agent were significantly lower in patients with proximal bypass graft markers (P bypass graft markers remained a significant predictor for less radiation time and a lower consumption of contrast agent but not for dose area product, which was mainly associated with body mass index and sex. Bypass graft markers were not associated with a lower graft patency. Radiopaque coronary bypass graft markers can improve the detection of bypass grafts during subsequent coronary angiography and are associated with a lower radiation time and less consumption of contrast agent. Thus, this easy and cost-efficient technique might significantly reduce the risk of coronary angiography after CABG. Copyright © 2017 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. A 16-slice multidetector computed tomography protocol for evaluation of the gastroepiploic artery grafts in patients after coronary artery bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dorgelo, J; Willems, TP; van Ooijen, PMA; Panday, GFV; Boonstra, PW; Zijlstra, F; Oudkerk, M

    Arterial coronary bypass grafts [internal mammary arteries and gastroepiploic artery (GEA)] are in widespread use for coronary surgery. Since selective catheterisation of the GEA graft to monitor patency, is often unsuccessful, a non-invasive protocol to visualise the GEA-graft from origin to

  8. Research report: the effects of hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning on myocardial biomarkers of cardioprotection in patients having coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeysen, Zivan Yogaratnam; Gerard, Laden; Levant, Guvendik; Cowen, Mike; Cale, Alex; Griffin, Steve

    2011-01-01

    We have previously conducted and reported on the primary endpoint of a clinical study which demonstrated that hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) preconditioning consisting of two 30-minute intervals of 100% oxygen at 2.4 atmospheres absolute (ATA) prior to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery leads to an improvement in left ventricular stroke work (LVSW) 24 hours following CABG. In that study, 81 patients were randomized to treatment with HBO2 (HBO2; n = 41) or routine treatment (Control Group; n = 40) prior to surgery. The objective of this manuscript is to further report on the result of the exploratory secondary endpoints from that study, specifically the effects of HBO2 preconditioning on biomarkers of myocardial protection. Intraoperative right atrial biopsies were assessed, via an Enzyme Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA), for the expression of eNOS and HSP72. In this study, no significant differences were observed between the groups with respect to the quantity of myocardial eNOS and HSP72. However, in the HBO2 Group, following ischemia and reperfusion, the quantities of myocardial eNOS and HSP72 were increased. This suggests that HBO2 preconditioning in this group of patients may be capable of inducing endogenous cardioprotection following ischemic reperfusion injury (IRI).

  9. [Effects of cerebral oxygen changes during coronary bypass surgery on postoperative cognitive dysfunction in elderly patients: a pilot study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Şahan, Cenk; Sungur, Zerrin; Çamcı, Emre; Sivrikoz, Nükhet; Sayin, Ömer; Gurvit, Hakan; Şentürk, Mert

    2017-12-26

    Postoperative cognitive dysfunction is common after cardiac surgery. Adequate cerebral perfusion is essential and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can measure cerebral oxygenation. Aim of this study is to compare incidence of early and late postoperative cognitive dysfunction in elderly patients treated with conventional or near infrared spectroscopy monitoring. Patients undergoing coronary surgery above 60 years, were included and randomized to 2 groups; control and NIRS groups. Peroperative management was NIRS guided in GN; and with conventional approach in control group. Test battery was performed before surgery, at first week and 3 rd month postoperatively. The battery comprised clock drawing, memory, word list generation, digit spam and visuospatial skills subtests. Postoperative cognitive dysfunction was defined as drop of 1 SD (standard deviation) from baseline on two or more tests. Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of quantitative measurements; Chi-square exact test to compare quantitative data. Twenty-one patients in control group and 19 in NIRS group completed study. Demographic and operative data were similar. At first week postoperative cognitive dysfunction were present in 9 (45%) and 7 (41%) of patients in control group and NIRS group respectively. At third month 10 patients (50%) were assessed as postoperative cognitive dysfunction; incidence was 4 (24%) in NIRS group (p:0.055). Early and late postoperative cognitive dysfunction group had significantly longer ICU stay (1.74+0.56 vs. 2.94+0.95; p<0.001; 1.91+0.7 vs. 2.79+1.05; p<0.01) and longer hospital stay (9.19+2.8 vs. 11.88+1.7; p<0.01; 9.48+2.6 vs. 11.36+2.4; p<0.05). In this pilot study conventional monitoring and near infrared spectroscopy resulted in similar rates of early postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Late cognitive dysfunction tended to ameliorate with near infrared spectroscopy. Early and late cognitive declines were associated with prolonged ICU and hospital stays

  10. Stabilizing family life after gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bylund, Ami; Benzein, Eva; Sandgren, Anna

    2017-12-01

    Weight-loss surgery requires lifelong lifestyle modifications for the maintenance of weight loss and health effects, and can affect both the individual and family. Earlier research indicates that the quality of social relationships has positive and negative influences on wellbeing and health. There is little research on family-life after a member has undergone gastric bypass (GBP) against obesity. Thus, this study aimed to develop a classic grounded theory about families with a member treated with GBP against obesity. The study design used classic grounded theory and included data from 16 interviews. Families' shared a main concern of unexpected changes after GBP, resulting in the theory Stabilizing family life, explained as a social process to decrease uncertainty and find stability and well-being in family interactions. The social process develops differently which entail families: attaining unity, returning to old patterns, or disconnecting to find stability, depending on the discrepancy in expectations and knowledge. This is affected by the overall life situation, life-stage and relationship quality. The theory highlights unexpected change as a potential challenge for the family, as well as how they resolve this. Hence, the theory can be applied in care strategies for families. Identification of families needing support to stabilize family life after GBP requires further research.

  11. Clinical Effectiveness of Centrifugal Pump to Produce Pulsatile Flow During Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gu, Y. John; van Oeveren, Willem; Mungroop, Hubert E.; Epema, Anne H.; den Hamer, Inez J.; Keizer, Jorrit J.; Leuvenink, Ron P.; Mariani, Massimo A.; Rakhorst, Gerhard

    Although the centrifugal pump has been widely used as a nonpulsatile pump for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), little is known about its performance as a pulsatile pump for CPB, especially on its efficacy in producing hemodynamic energy and its clinical effectiveness. We performed a study to evaluate

  12. Miller-Fisher syndrome after coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldag, Mustafa; Albeyoglu, Sebnem; Ciloglu, Ufuk; Kutlu, Hakan; Ceylan, Levent

    2017-11-23

    Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS) is an uncommon neurological disorder that is considered a variant of the Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). It is clinically defined by a triad of symptoms, namely ataxia, areflexia and ophthalmoplegia. These acute inflammatory polyradiculopathic syndromes can be triggered by viral infections, major surgery, pregnancy or vaccination. While the overall incidence of GBS is 1.2-2.3 per 100 000 per year, MFS is a relatively rare disorder. Only six cases of GBS after cardiac surgery have been reported, and to our knowledge, we describe the first case of MFS after coronary artery bypass surgery. Although cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass may increase the incidence of MFS and GBS, the pathological mechanism is unclear. Cardiac surgery may be a trigger for the immune-mediated response and may cause devastating complications. It is also important to be alert to de novo autoimmune and unexpected neurological disorders such as MFS after coronary bypass surgery.

  13. Metformin is not associated with lactic acidosis in patients with diabetes undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a case control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazer, Rakan I; Alburikan, Khalid A

    2017-05-30

    Metformin associated lactic acidosis (MALA) is a rare but lethal complication. There is no consensus regarding when to stop and resume metformin in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study aimed to determine if uninterrupted metformin administration in patients with diabetes undergoing CABG increases the risk of lactic acidosis. Over a span of 12 months (2015-2016), 127 patients with type 2 diabetes underwent isolated CABG. Of those, 41 patients (32%) continued taking metformin and 86 patients (68%) took other antidiabetic agents. Patients taking metformin took the drug until the day of surgery and resumed taking it 3 h after extubation. There were no differences in clinical outcomes or complications between groups. Serial measurement of cardiac, liver, and kidney biomarkers were similar between groups. The mean peak lactic acid level was significantly higher in the non-metformin users (5.4 ± 2.6 vs. 7.4 ± 4.1 mmol/l; P = 0.001). Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified the need for vasopressor administration as an independent predictor of lactic acidosis (odds ratio: 7.3, 95% confidence interval: 2.5-20.6; P < 0.001). In the absence of risk factors associated with persistent lactic acidosis, such as shock or acute kidney or liver injury, continued peri-operative metformin administration was not associated with the occurrence of lactic acidosis in patients undergoing CABG. Elevated lactic acid levels seem to be directly related to tissue anoxia caused by escalating vasopressor support after surgery.

  14. The Effects of Preoperative Volume Replacement in Diabetic Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial (VeRDiCT Trial).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clout, Madeleine; Harris, Tracy; Rogers, Chris; Culliford, Lucy; Taylor, Jodi; Angelini, Gianni; Narayan, Pradeep; Reeves, Barnaby; Hillier, James; Ashton, Kate; Sarkar, Kunal; Ascione, Raimondo

    2017-06-19

    Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for prolonged hospital stays, renal failure, and mortality in patients having coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Complications pose a serious threat to patients and prolong intensive care and hospital stays. Low glomerular filtration rate (GFR) due to existing renal impairment or volume depletion may exacerbate acute renal impairment/failure in these patients. Preoperative volume replacement therapy (VRT) is reported to increase the GFR and we hypothesize that VRT will reduce renal impairment and related complications in diabetic patients. The objective of this study is to establish the efficacy of preoperative VRT in reducing postoperative complications in diabetic patients undergoing CABG surgery. Time to "fit for discharge", incidence of postoperative renal failure, cardiac injury, inflammation, and other health outcomes will be investigated. In this open parallel group randomized controlled trial, 170 diabetic patients undergoing elective or urgent CABG surgery received 1 mL/kg/hour of Hartmann's solution for 12 consecutive hours prior to surgery, versus routine care. The primary outcome was time until participants were "fit for discharge", which is defined as presence of: normal temperature, pulse, and respiration; normal oxygen saturation on air; normal bowel function; and physical mobility. Secondary outcomes included: incidence of renal failure; markers of renal function, inflammation, and cardiac damage; operative morbidity; intensive care stay; patient-assessed outcome, including the Coronary Revascularization Outcome Questionnaire; and use of hospital resources. Recruitment started in July 2010. Enrolment for the study was completed in July 2014. Data analysis commenced in December 2016. Study results will be submitted for publication in the summer of 2017. VRT is a relatively easy treatment to administer in patients undergoing surgical procedures who are at risk of renal failure. This experimental protocol

  15. Impact of Hospital Caseload and Elective Admission on Outcomes After Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbarian-Tefaghi, Hesam; Kalakoti, Piyush; Sun, Hai; Sharma, Kanika; Thakur, Jai Deep; Patra, Devi Prasad; Dossani, Rimal H; Savardekar, Amey; Notarianni, Christina; Zipfel, Gregory J; Nanda, Anil

    2017-12-01

    Limited information exists evaluating the impact of hospital caseload and elective admission on outcomes after patients have undergone extracranial-intracranial (ECIC) bypass surgery. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) for 2001-2014, we evaluated the impact of hospital caseload and elective admission on outcomes after bypass. In an observational cohort study, weighted estimates were used to investigate the association of hospital caseload and elective admission on short-term outcomes after bypass surgery using multivariable regression techniques. Overall, 10,679 patients (mean age, 43.39 ± 19.63 years; 59% female) underwent bypass across 495 nonfederal U.S. hospitals. In multivariable models, patients undergoing bypass at high-volume centers were associated with decreased probability of mortality (odds ratio [OR], 0.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22-0.70; P bypass were associated with decreased likelihood of mortality (OR, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.25-0.59; P bypass. Also, our study supports improved outcomes in select patients undergoing elective bypass procedures. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  16. MRI: A method to detect minor brain damage following coronary bypass surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vik, A.; Brubakk, A.O. (Trondheim Univ. (Norway). Dept. of Biomedical Engineering); Rinck, P.A. (Trondheim Univ. (Norway). MR Center); Sande, E.; Levang, O.W. (Trondheim Univ. Hospital (Norway). Dept. of Surgery); Sellevold, O. (Trondheim Univ. Hospital (Norway). Dept. of Anaesthesiology)

    1991-10-01

    In order to assess the occurrence of minor focal brain lesions after coronary bypass surgery, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used. Nine male patients (age 42-63) with angina pectoris were investigated at 0.5 Tesla. The investigation was performed one to seven weeks prior to the operation and one month after the operation. Before surgery, the images demonstrated more than five high intensity spots in the white matter of the brain in all but two patients. No additional spots were found after operation. This pilot study indicates that it might be difficult to use MRI to detect minor parenchymal lesions after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. (orig.).

  17. Investigating the effect of family-focused nursing intervention on caregiver burden of the family members of the patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery in Isfahan Shahid Chamran Hospital during 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moieni, Mahin; Poorpooneh, Zahra; Pahlavanzadeh, Saeed

    2014-03-01

    Family burden is defined as the problems, concerns, and unpleasant events affecting the patients undergoing coronary arteries' surgery, and is associated with these patients physical and psychological improvement. Nurses are in a good position to provide appropriate intervention. This study aimed to investigate the effect of family-focused nursing interventions on the burden of the family members of the patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. This is a clinical trial conducted on 50 family members of the patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery in Isfahan Shahid Chamran hospital. Caregivers were selected by convenient sampling and were randomly assigned to two groups of study and control. Caregivers in the study group attended a three-interventional session program during their hospitalization time, while the subjects in control group did not. Data collection tool was Novak and Guest caring burden inventory (CBI). Data were analyzed by SPSS. Means and SDs of caring burden before and after the intervention were 30.08 (14.03) and 19.2 (10) in the study group, respectively, and 30.16 (12.62) and 35.44 (10.42) in the control group, respectively. Changes of total scores of caring burden showed a significant difference after the intervention in the study and control groups (P burden (P = 0.007) were also significant. Results showed that family-focused nursing interventions were effective in reducing the family burden of the patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. Nurses can administrate family-focused nursing interventions to reduce the caregiver burden.

  18. Do low-income coronary artery bypass surgery patients have equal opportunity to access excellent quality of care and enjoy good outcome in Taiwan?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Tsung-Hsien; Hou, Yu-Chang; Chung, Kuo-Piao

    2014-09-10

    Equity is an important issue in the healthcare research field. Many studies have focused on the relationship between patient characteristics and outcomes of care. These studies, however, have seldom examined whether patients' characteristics affected their access to quality healthcare, which further affected the care outcome. The purposes of this study were to determine whether low-income coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) patients receive healthcare services with poorer quality, and if such differences in treatment result in different outcomes. A retrospective multilevel study design was conducted using claims data from Taiwan's universal health insurance scheme for 2005-2008. Patients who underwent their CABG surgery between 2006 and 2008 were included in this study. CABG patients who were under 18 years of age or had unknown gender or insured classifications were excluded. Hospital and surgeon's performance indicators in the previous one year were used to evaluate the level of quality via k-means clustering algorithm. Baron and Kenny's procedures for mediation effect were conducted to explore the relationship among patient's income, quality of CABG care, and inpatient mortality. A total of 10,320 patients were included in the study. The results showed that 5.65% of the low-income patients received excellent quality of care, which was lower than that of patients not in the low-income group (5.65% vs.11.48%). The mortality rate of low-income patients (12.10%) was also higher than patients not in the low-income group (5.25%). Also, the mortality of patients who received excellent care was half as low as patients receiving non-excellent care (2.63% vs. 5.68%). Finally, after the procedure of mediation effect testing, the results showed that the relationship between patient income level and CABG mortality was partially mediated by patterns of quality of care. The results of the current study implied that worse outcome in low-income CABG patients might be

  19. Cost-utility analysis comparing laparoscopic vs open aortobifemoral bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krog, Anne Helene; Sahba, Mehdi; Pettersen, Erik M; Wisløff, Torbjørn; Sundhagen, Jon O; Kazmi, Syed Sh

    2017-01-01

    Laparoscopic aortobifemoral bypass has become an established treatment option for symptomatic aortoiliac obstructive disease at dedicated centers. Minimally invasive surgical techniques like laparoscopic surgery have often been shown to reduce expenses and increase patients' health-related quality of life. The main objective of our study was to measure quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and costs after totally laparoscopic and open aortobifemoral bypass. This was a within trial analysis in a larger ongoing randomized controlled prospective multicenter trial, Norwegian Laparoscopic Aortic Surgery Trial. Fifty consecutive patients suffering from symptomatic aortoiliac occlusive disease suitable for aortobifemoral bypass surgery were randomized to either totally laparoscopic (n=25) or open surgical procedure (n=25). One patient dropped out of the study before surgery. We measured health-related quality of life using the EuroQol (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire at 4 different time points, before surgery and for 6 months during follow-up. We calculated the QALYs gained by using the area under the curve for both groups. Costs were calculated based on prices for surgical equipment, vascular prosthesis and hospital stay. We found a significantly higher increase in QALYs after laparoscopic vs open aortobifemoral bypass surgery, with a difference of 0.07 QALYs, (p=0.001) in favor of laparoscopic aortobifemoral bypass. The total cost of surgery, equipment and hospital stay after laparoscopic surgery (9,953 €) was less than open surgery (17,260 €), (p=0.001). Laparoscopic aortobifemoral bypass seems to be cost-effective compared with open surgery, due to an increase in QALYs and lower procedure-related costs.

  20. Depression and Geographic Status as Predictors for Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dao, Tam K.; Chu, Danny; Springer, Justin; Hiatt, Emily; Nguyen, Quang

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the relationships between depression, geographic status, and clinical outcomes following a coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Methods: Using the 2004 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, we identified 63,061 discharge records of patients who underwent a primary CABG surgery (urban 57,247 and rural 5,814). We…

  1. Expression of adhesion and activation molecules on lymphocytes during open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, P; Tønnesen, Else Kirstine; Zülow, I

    1997-01-01

    Open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and abdominal surgery are associated with lymphocytopenia. We measured a panel of adhesion and activation molecules on lymphocytes to clarify possible association of CPB with increased expression of these molecules. Eight patients undergoing open...

  2. The effect of continuous low dose methylprednisolone infusion on inflammatory parameters in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a randomized-controlled clinical trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Ghiasi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This trial was performed to determine if a continuous low-dose infusion of methylprednisolone is as effective as its bolus of high-dose in reducing inflammatory response. The study was single-center, double-blinded randomized clinical trial and performed in a surgical intensive care unit of an academic hospital. In this study, 72 consecutive patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG were assigned to receive either a methylprednisolone loading dose (1mg/kg followed by continuous infusion (2mg/Kg/24 hours for 1 day (low-dose regime or a single dose of methylprednisolone (15 mg/kg before cardiopulmonary bypass (high dose regime. Serum concentrations of IL-6 and C- reactive protein (CRP were measured preoperatively and 6, 24 and 48 hours after surgery, and serum creatinine was measured before the operation and 24, 48 and 72 hours postoperatively. The measurements were then compared between the groups to evaluate the efficacy of each regimen. The basic characteristics and measurements were not different between the study groups. There was no significant difference in IL-6 and CRP elevation (P=0.52 and P=0.46, respectively. Early outcomes such as the length of stay in the intensive care unit, intubation time, changes in serum creatinine and blood glucose levels, inotropic support, insulin requirements, and rate of infection were also similar in both groups. A continuous low dose infusion of methylprednisolone was as effective as a single high dose methylprednisolone in reducing the inflammatory response after CABG with extracorporeal circulation with no significant difference in the postoperative measurements and outcomes.

  3. Acute coronary syndrome in patients with prior coronary artery bypass surgery: observations from a 20-year registry in a middle-eastern country.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafid Al-Aqeedi

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Clinical characteristics and trends in the outcome of acute coronary syndrome (ACS in patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG are unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics, in-hospital treatment, and outcomes in patients presented with ACS with or without a history of prior CABG over 2 decades. METHODS: Data were derived from hospital-based study for collected data from 1991 through 2010 of patients hospitalized with ACS in Doha, Qatar. Data were analyzed according to their history of prior CABG. Baseline clinical characteristics, in-hospital treatment, and outcome were compared. RESULTS: A total 16,750 consecutive patients with ACS were studied, of which 693 (4.1% had prior CABG. Patients with prior CABG were older (mean 60.5±11 vs. 53±12 years; P = 0.001, more likely to be females and have more cardiovascular risk factors than the non-CABG group. Prior CABG patients had larger infarct size, were less likely to receive reperfusion therapy, early invasive therapy and more likely to receive evidence-based therapies when compared to non-CABG patients. In-hospital mortality and stroke rates were comparable between the 2 groups. Over 2 decades, there was reduction in the in-hospital mortality rates and stroke rates in both groups (CABG, death; 13.2% to 4%, stroke; 1.9% to 0.0%, non-CABG, death; 10% to 3.2%, stroke 1.0% to 0.1%; all, p = 0.001. CONCLUSION: Significant reduction in-hospital morbidity and mortality among ACS patients with prior CABG over a 20-year period.

  4. High-Target vs Low-Target Blood Pressure Management During Cardiopulmonary Bypass to Prevent Cerebral Injury in Cardiac Surgery Patients - A Randomized Controlled Trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedel, Anne G; Holmgaard, Frederik; Rasmussen, Lars S

    2018-01-01

    % of patients. It is unclear if a higher versus a lower blood pressure during cardiopulmonary bypass reduces cerebral infarction in these patients. Methods -In a patient- and assessor-blinded randomized trial, we allocated patients to a higher (70-80 mmHg) or lower (40-50 mmHg) target for mean arterial pressure...... by the titration of norepinephrine during cardiopulmonary bypass. Pump flow was fixed at 2.4 L/min/m2. The primary outcome was the total volume of new ischemic cerebral lesions (sum in mm3), expressed as the difference between DWI conducted preoperatively and again postoperatively between day 3 and 6. Secondary...

  5. Comparison of two technics of cardiopulmonary bypass (conventional and mini CPB) in the trans-and postoperative periods of cardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Sergio Nunes; Zumba, Izabelle Balta; Batista, Micheline Sulzbacher; Pieve, Daniela da; Santos, Elisandra dos; Stuermer, Ralf; Oliveira, Gerson Pereira de; Senger, Roberta

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to compare the effects of two different perfusion techniques: conventional cardiopulmonary bypass and miniature cardiopulmonary bypass in patients undergoing cardiac surgery at the University Hospital of Santa Maria--RS. We perform a retrospective, cross-sectional study, based on data collected from the patients operated between 2010 and 2013. We analyzed the records of 242 patients divided into two groups: Group I: 149 patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass and Group II - 93 patients undergoing the miniature cardiopulmonary bypass. The clinical profile of patients in the preoperative period was similar in the cardiopulmonary bypass and miniature cardiopulmonary bypass groups without significant differences, except in age, which was greater in the miniature cardiopulmonary bypass group. The perioperative data were significant of blood collected for autotransfusion, which were higher in the group with miniature cardiopulmonary bypass than the cardiopulmonary bypass and in transfusion of packed red blood cells, which was higher in cardiopulmonary bypass than in miniature cardiopulmonary bypass. In the immediate, first and second postoperative period the values of hematocrit and hemoglobin were higher and significant in miniature cardiopulmonary bypass than in the cardiopulmonary bypass, although the bleeding in the first and second postoperative days was higher and significant in miniature cardiopulmonary bypass than in the cardiopulmonary bypass. The present results suggest that the miniature cardiopulmonary bypass was beneficial in reducing the red blood cell transfusion during surgery and showed slight but significant increase in hematocrit and hemoglobin in the postoperative period.

  6. Attachment anxiety predicts depression and anxiety symptoms following coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    OpenAIRE

    Kidd, T.; L. Poole; Ronaldson, A.; Leigh, E.; Jahangiri, M.; Steptoe, A.

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Depression and anxiety are associated with poor recovery in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients, but little is known about predictors of depression and anxiety symptoms. DESIGN: We tested the prospective association between attachment orientation, and symptoms of depression and anxiety in CABG patients, 6-8 weeks, and 12 months following surgery. METHOD: One hundred and fifty-five patients who were undergoing planned CABG surgery were recruited. Patients completed question...

  7. Clinical Outcomes After Drug-Eluting Stents Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in High Surgical Risk Patients With Left Main or Three-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonga Nfor

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Previous studies comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI with coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG in patients with unprotected left main or three-vessel coronary artery disease (LM-3VD have excluded patients at high surgical risk. We compared clinical outcomes after PCI with drug-eluting stents to CABG in high surgical risk patients with LM-3VD. Methods: Patients with symptomatic LM-3VD who had Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS-predicted operative mortality > 5% and were undergoing either PCI with drug-eluting stents or CABG at a tertiary care center from January 2009 to December 2010 were enrolled in this nonrandomized prospective study. Results: Mean STS score was 14.5 ± 5.8% for PCI (n=83 vs. 13.6 ± 7.1% for CABG (n=187 (P=0.31. After mean follow-up of 37 months, incidence of the composite primary endpoint (death, myocardial infarction or stroke was 42.2% for PCI and 39.6% for CABG (P=0.69, hazard ratio 1.3, 95% confidence interval 0.5-2.8. There were no differences in the individual components of the primary endpoint between PCI and CABG. Repeat revascularization was 30.1% for PCI vs. 9.6% for CABG (P=0.001. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event rates were similar between PCI and CABG, 50.6% vs. 42.2%, respectively (P=0.23. Patients in the PCI group were less likely than those in the CABG group to be discharged to a nursing home (12.1% vs. 47.1%, P 5%.

  8. Intraoperative Epi-Aortic Scans Reduce Adverse Neurological Sequelae in Elderly, High Risk Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery - a Propensity Matched, Cumulative Sum Control Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luthra, Suvitesh; Leiva Juarez, Miguel M; Tahir, Zaheer; Yiu, Patrick

    2017-07-01

    Adverse neurological sequelae are a major cause of morbidity and mortality after coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery, due to manipulation of an atherosclerotic aorta. The purpose of this study is to measure the impact of intraoperative epi-aortic scanning in reducing neurologic sequelae after CABG, and the patient subgroups that are benefitted the most. Patients that underwent first-time CABG from July 2010 to March 2014 (n=1,989) were retrospectively reviewed and stratified by history of intraoperative epi-aortic scan (n=350) or no scan (n=1,639). Baseline characteristics, rates of adverse neurological events, and overall survival were compared among groups in both matched and unmatched cohorts and tested using Student's t-test, chi(2) test, or log-rank test, respectively. Multivariable analysis using logistic regression was performed to identify potential predictors for neurological sequelae. Cumulative summation plots (CUSUM) were constructed to display the number of preventable adverse neurological events per consecutive patient that underwent CABG. A p≤0.05 was considered statistically significant. The use of epi-aortic scan (OR: 0.29, 95% CI: 0.09-0.99, p=0.48) was an independent predictor of adverse events. Overall rates of stroke (0.29% vs 0.55%), postoperative confusional state (1.43% vs 3.42%), or both (1.71% vs 3.72%) were lower in those scanned. CUSUM scores were higher in scanned patients, especially in those with an age above 70 years or logistic Euroscore >2. Intraoperative epi-aortic scan is an effective assessment tool for atherosclerotic burden in the ascending aorta and can guide surgical strategy to decrease adverse neurological outcomes, particularly in high risk and elderly patients. Copyright © 2016 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ). All rights reserved.

  9. Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Versus Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation for Left Main or Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease A Meta-Analysis of Individual Patient Data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lee, Cheol Whan; Ahn, Jung-Min; Cavalcante, Rafael; Sotomi, Yohei; Onuma, Yoshinobu; Suwannasom, Pannipa; Tenekecioglu, Erhan; Yun, Sung-Cheol; Park, Duk-Woo; Kang, Soo-Jin; Lee, Seung-Whan; Kim, Young-Hak; Park, Seong-Wook; Serruys, Patrick W.; Park, Seung-Jung

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES The authors undertook a patient-level meta-analysis to compare long-term outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) in 3,280 patients with left main or multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD).

  10. Psychological characteristics and associations with weight outcomes two years after gastric bypass surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck, Nina N; Mehlsen, Mimi; Støving, René Klinkby

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated symptoms of eating disorder, depression, and anxiety among Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients two years after surgery, and the relationship between these characteristics and weight loss. Respondents completed assessment questionnaires including Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (...... that knowledge of the potential influence of eating disorder symptoms on outcomes after bariatric surgery is needed in order to optimize weight outcomes following surgery.......This study investigated symptoms of eating disorder, depression, and anxiety among Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients two years after surgery, and the relationship between these characteristics and weight loss. Respondents completed assessment questionnaires including Eating Disorder Inventory-2...... distrust in comparison with a Danish norm group (p≤0.05). The weight losses obtained after surgery varied from 12 to 60% of the starting weights. Binge eating and ineffectiveness were found to significantly correlate with weight loss variations after surgery (p≤0.05). The results of this study indicate...

  11. Neuroprotective Strategies during Cardiac Surgery with Cardiopulmonary Bypass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salameh, Aida; Dhein, Stefan; Dähnert, Ingo; Klein, Norbert

    2016-01-01

    Aortocoronary bypass or valve surgery usually require cardiac arrest using cardioplegic solutions. Although, in principle, in a number of cases beating heart surgery (so-called off-pump technique) is possible, aortic or valve surgery or correction of congenital heart diseases mostly require cardiopulmonary arrest. During this condition, the heart-lung machine also named cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has to take over the circulation. It is noteworthy that the invention of a machine bypassing the heart and lungs enabled complex cardiac operations, but possible negative effects of the CPB on other organs, especially the brain, cannot be neglected. Thus, neuroprotection during CPB is still a matter of great interest. In this review, we will describe the impact of CPB on the brain and focus on pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies to protect the brain. PMID:27879647

  12. Scintigraphic assessment of focal platelet accumulations following infrainguinal bypass surgery in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Tina G; Hesse, B; Eiberg, J

    1997-01-01

    Enothelial injury is assumed to be of pathogenetic significance in the development of graft stenoses, which remain a major cause of failure of peripheral bypasses. The aim of this study was to assess endothelial injury related to infrainguinal bypass surgery by indium-111 platelet scintigraphy....... In 28 patients undergoing in situ vein (n = 24), composite vein-polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) (n = 1) or PTFE (n = 3) bypass surgery, assumed vascular injuries were recorded intraoperatively. Autologous indium-111-labelled platelets were injected into the inflow artery immediately after restoration...... antiplatelet therapy or vein graft diameter. Only 2 of the 20 intragraft platelet depositions occurred in areas where intra-operative vascular injury was suspected. In the composite graft and the PTFE grafts, diffuse activity was observed throughout the entire bypass. In conclusion, focal activity...

  13. Krukenberg tumor after gastric bypass for morbid obesity: Bariatric surgery and gastric cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Menéndez

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Gastric by-pass is one of the most performed surgical procedure in bariatric surgery. Neoplasm within gastric remnant is a slightly frequent complication (only six cases have been described but with important survival consequences. We present a case of a patient who developed an adenocarcinoma in excluded stomach, after three years of bariatric surgery; the tumor was incidentally discovered after a gynecological surgery for uterine myomas. Different diagnostic modalities for the excluded stomach were analyzed.

  14. Assessment of feasibility and efficacy of Class IV laser therapy for postoperative pain relief in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery patients: A pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Karlekar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laser therapy, for its established analgesic properties with minimal side effects, has been used for the treatment of chronic pain. However, it has not been used for the treatment of acute postoperative pain. This pilot study was designed to assess the feasibility and efficacy of Class IV laser on postoperative pain relief following off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCABG surgery, as a component of multimodal analgesia (MMA technique. Methods: This open observational prospective study comprised of 100 adult patients (84 male, 16 female who underwent OPCABG through sternotomy. For postoperative analgesia, they were subjected to laser therapy subjected to laser therapy in addition to the standard institutional pain management protocol comprising of IV infusion/bolus of tramadol and paracetamol and fentanyl bolus as rescue analgesic. Pain intensity was measured by Verbal Rating Scale (VRS. The laser therapy was scheduled as once a day regime for three consecutive postoperative days (PODs starting on POD 1, 30 min following tracheal extubation. The subsequent laser applications were also scheduled at the same time of the day as on day 1 if VRS was ≥5. 10 W Class IV laser was applied over 150 cm 2 sternal wound area for 150 s. VRS was used to assess pain severity and was recorded for statistical analysis using Friedman Test. Results: The mean (standard deviation [SD] VRS of all the 100 patients just before application of the first dose of laser was 7.31 (0.94 while on MMT; the same fell to 4.0 (1.279 and 3.40 (2.697 at 1 h and 24 h respectively following first dose of laser. The change of VRS over first 24 h among all the 100 patients was statistically significant (P = 0.000. Laser was re-applied in 40 patients whose VRS was ≥5 (mean [SD] - 6.38 [0.868] at 24 th h. After receiving the 2 nd dose of laser the VRS scores fell significantly (P = 0.000 and became 0 at 54 th h. No patients required 3 rd dose of the laser. No patient

  15. Hematological Disorders following Gastric Bypass Surgery: Emerging Concepts of the Interplay between Nutritional Deficiency and Inflammation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingyi Chen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Obesity and the associated metabolic syndrome are among the most common and detrimental metabolic diseases of the modern era, affecting over 50% of the adult population in the United States. Surgeries designed to promote weight loss, known as bariatric surgery, typically involve a gastric bypass procedure and have shown high success rates for treating morbid obesity. However, following gastric bypass surgery, many patients develop chronic anemia, most commonly due to iron deficiency. Deficiencies of vitamins B1, B12, folate, A, K, D, and E and copper have also been reported after surgery. Copper deficiency can cause hematological abnormalities with or without neurological complications. Despite oral supplementation and normal serum concentrations of iron, copper, folate, and vitamin B12, some patients present with persistent anemia after surgery. The evaluation of hematologic disorders after gastric bypass surgery must take into account issues unique to the postsurgery setting that influence the development of anemia and other cytopenias. In this paper, the clinical characteristics and differential diagnosis of the hematological disorders associated with gastric bypass surgery are reviewed, and the underlying molecular mechanisms are discussed.

  16. Cost-utility analysis comparing laparoscopic vs open aortobifemoral bypass surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krog AH

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Anne Helene Krog,1,2 Mehdi Sahba,3 Erik M Pettersen,4 Torbjørn Wisløff,5,6 Jon O Sundhagen,2 Syed SH Kazmi2 1Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, 2Department of Vascular Surgery, Division of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Diseases, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, 3Department of Vascular Surgery, Østfold Central Hospital, Kalnes, 4Department of Vascular Surgery, Sørlandet Hospital HF, Kristiansand, 5Department of Health Management and Health Economics, University of Oslo, 6Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway Objectives: Laparoscopic aortobifemoral bypass has become an established treatment option for symptomatic aortoiliac obstructive disease at dedicated centers. Minimally invasive surgical techniques like laparoscopic surgery have often been shown to reduce expenses and increase patients’ health-related quality of life. The main objective of our study was to measure quality-adjusted life years (QALYs and costs after totally laparoscopic and open aortobifemoral bypass. Patients and methods: This was a within trial analysis in a larger ongoing randomized controlled prospective multicenter trial, Norwegian Laparoscopic Aortic Surgery Trial. Fifty consecutive patients suffering from symptomatic aortoiliac occlusive disease suitable for aortobifemoral bypass surgery were randomized to either totally laparoscopic (n=25 or open surgical procedure (n=25. One patient dropped out of the study before surgery. We measured health-related quality of life using the EuroQol (EQ-5D-5L questionnaire at 4 different time points, before surgery and for 6 months during follow-up. We calculated the QALYs gained by using the area under the curve for both groups. Costs were calculated based on prices for surgical equipment, vascular prosthesis and hospital stay. Results: We found a significantly higher increase in QALYs after laparoscopic vs open aortobifemoral bypass surgery, with a difference of 0.07 QALYs, (p=0

  17. [Budget impact analysis of antiplatelet therapy with ticagrelor and clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndrome after coronary artery bypass surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zyryanov, S K; Belousov, D Yu; Afanasyeva, E V; Dumchenko, E V

    Clinical and economic examinations were made to study whether it is appropriate to use antiplatelet therapy (APT) with ticagrelor in combination with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) versus a combination of clopidogrel and ASA in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) following coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS). A budget impact analysis was used. Data on the efficiency and safety of APT were taken from a relevant analysis in the subgroups of the randomized controlled trial PLATO. Direct medical cost due to APT and expenses on therapy for acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and massive bleeding, and those on medical care for patients dying from cardiovascular events and other causes, as well as indirect cost - gross domestic product (GDP) losses due to untimely death, were taken into account. The findings were assessed from the perspectives of society. The analysis indicated that direct medical costs per patient following CABS, both in case of calculation based on the recorded price for ticagrelor and on the median registered prices for clopidogrel generics, and based on the auction prices for comparison agents proved to be lower when clopidogrel was administered because of the higher cost of ticagrelor-based APT. At the same time GDP losses due to untimely death, as calculated per patient with ACS during post-CABS therapy with clopidogrel + ASA, were more than twice above average losses per patient taking ticagrelor in combination with ACA (107,122 and 221,645 rubles, respectively). From the registered price for ticagrelor and the median registered prices for clopidogrel generics, the total costs per patient with ACS following CABS were lower if Brilinta was used in combination with ASA versus therapy with clopidogrel in combination with ASA (210,092 and 273,257 rubles per year, respectively; the cost savings were 63,165 rubles per patient per year when ticagrelor was administered). On the basis of the auction prices for comparison drugs, the total costs per

  18. Resistive heating during off-pump coronary bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelen, S; Berghmans, J; Borms, S; Suy-Verburg, M; Himpe, D

    2007-01-01

    Maintaining normothermia during off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery is difficult. The purpose of the present study is to determine the effect of the Inditherm Patient Warming System (IPWS) with standard institutional care during OPCAB surgery. A control cohort of 10 patients undergoing OPCAB surgery received standard conventional therapy. A study cohort of another 10 patients then underwent similar procedures with the additional use of the IPWS. The nasopharyngeal and rectal temperatures of the two groups were compared during the 4-hour study period. During the 4-hour study period after induction, the Inditherm patients demonstrated significantly improved core body temperatures compared to the control group: lowest rectal temperature: 35.8 +/- 0.4 degrees C vs. 34.8 +/- 0.6 degrees C (p < 0.01) and lowest nasopharyngeal temperature : 35.5 +/- 0.4 degrees C vs. 34.7 +/- 0.5 degrees C (p < 0.01), respectively. The between-group rectal and nasopharyngeal temperature differences reached statistical significance after 70 minutes, 36.2 +/- 0.5 degrees C vs. 35.7 +/- 0.2 degrees C (p < 0.01) and after 60 minutes 35.8 +/- 0.4 degrees C vs. 35.4 +/- 0.1 degrees C (p < 0.01), respectively. At the end, the rectal core temperatures were 36.1 +/- 0.6 degrees C vs. 34.9 +/- 0.6 degrees C (p < 0.01) and the nasopharyngeal temperatures were 35.8 +/- 0.6 degrees C vs. 34.8 +/- 0.5 degrees C (p < 0.01) in the study and the control groups, respectively. The combination of the IPWS with standard thermal care provides higher core temperatures during OPCAB surgery.

  19. Endoscopic versus open radial artery harvest and mammario-radial versus aorto-radial grafting in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carranza, Christian L; Ballegaard, Martin; Werner, Mads U

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting using the radial artery has, since the 1990s, gone through a revival. Observational studies have indicated better long-term patency when using radial arteries. Therefore, radial artery might be preferred especially in younger patients where long time pa...

  20. Five-year Irish trial of CLI patients with TASC II type C/D lesions undergoing subintimal angioplasty or bypass surgery based on plaque echolucency.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Sultan, Sherif

    2009-06-01

    To report a 5-year observational parallel group study comparing the effectiveness of subintimal angioplasty (SIA) to bypass grafting (BG) for treatment of TASC II type C\\/D lesions in the lower limb arteries of patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI).

  1. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with mirror-imaging dextrocardia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Xin; Sun, Hansong; Wang, Xianqiang

    2015-08-01

    Dextrocardia requires alterations in techniques during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. We report two cases undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery and discuss techniques for the operative management of these patients. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Neurodevelopmental outcome after cardiac surgery utilizing cardiopulmonary bypass in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aymen N Naguib

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Modulating the stress response and perioperative factors can have a paramount impact on the neurodevelopmental outcome of infants who undergo cardiac surgery utilizing cardiopulmonary bypass. Materials and Methods: In this single center prospective follow-up study, we evaluated the impact of three different anesthetic techniques on the neurodevelopmental outcomes of 19 children who previously underwent congenital cardiac surgery within their 1 st year of life. Cases were done from May 2011 to December 2013. Children were assessed using the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales (5 th edition. Multiple regression analysis was used to test different parental and perioperative factors that could significantly predict the different neurodevelopmental outcomes in the entire cohort of patients. Results: When comparing the three groups regarding the major cognitive scores, a high-dose fentanyl (HDF patients scored significantly higher than the low-dose fentanyl (LDF + dexmedetomidine (DEX (LDF + DEX group in the quantitative reasoning scores (106 ± 22 vs. 82 ± 15 P = 0.046. The bispectral index (BIS value at the end of surgery for the -LDF group was significantly higher than that in LDF + DEX group (P = 0.011. For the entire cohort, a strong correlation was seen between the standard verbal intelligence quotient (IQ score and the baseline adrenocorticotropic hormone level, the interleukin-6 level at the end of surgery and the BIS value at the end of the procedure with an R 2 value of 0.67 and P < 0.04. There was an inverse correlation between the cardiac Intensive Care Unit length of stay and the full-scale IQ score (R = 0.4675 and P 0.027. Conclusions: Patients in the HDF group demonstrated overall higher neurodevelopmental scores, although it did not reach statistical significance except in fluid reasoning scores. Our results may point to a possible correlation between blunting the stress response and improvement of the neurodevelopmental

  3. Contrast-enhanced cardiac MRI before coronary artery bypass surgery: impact of myocardial scar extent on bypass flow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunold, Peter; Schlosser, Thomas; Nassenstein, Kai; Barkhausen, Joerg [University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, Essen (Germany); Massoudy, Parwis; Boehm, Claudia; Knipp, Stephan; Thielmann, Matthias; Jakob, Heinz [West German Heart Center Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Essen (Germany); Eggebrecht, Holger; Erbel, Raimund [West German Heart Center Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Department of Cardiology, Essen (Germany)

    2008-12-15

    The aim of the study was to relate the extent of myocardial late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in cardiac MRI to intraoperative graft flow in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Thirty-three CAD patients underwent LGE MRI before surgery using an inversion-recovery GRE sequence (turboFLASH). Intraoperative graft flow in Doppler ultrasonography was compared with the scar extent in each coronary vessel territory. One hundred and fourteen grafts were established supplying 86 of the 99 vessel territories. A significant negative correlation was found between scar extent and graft flow (r = -0.4, p < 0.0001). Flow in grafts to territories with no or small subendocardial scar was significantly higher than in grafts to territories with broad nontransmural or transmural scar (75 {+-} 39 vs. 38 {+-} 26 cc min{sup -1}; p < 0.0001). In summary, the extent of myocardial scar as defined by contrast-enhanced MRI predicts coronary bypass graft flow. Beyond the probability of functional recovery, preoperative MRI might add value to surgery planning by predicting midterm bypass graft patency. (orig.)

  4. Prevalence of claustrophobia and magnetic resonance imaging after coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Katznelson, Rita; Djaiani, George N; Minkovich, Leonid; Fedorko, Ludwik; Carroll, Jo; Borger, Michael A; Cusimano, Robert J; Karski, Jacek

    2008-01-01

    Background The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of claustrophobia in patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Methods After IRB approval, we conducted a substudy of a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial of 311 patients evaluating administration of tranexamic acid and early saphenous vein graft patency with MRI after conventional CABG surgery. Chest tube drainage was measured at 6, 12, and 24 hours...

  5. Successful Surgical Treatment of Massive Pulmonary Embolism after Coronary Bypass Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Akay, Tankut Hakki; Sezgin, Atilla; Ozkan, Suleyman; Gultekin, Bahadir; Aslim, Erdal; Aslamaci, Sait

    2006-01-01

    Acute massive pulmonary embolism after cardiac surgery is very rare. Although accurate diagnosis and rapid treatment are crucial to a successful outcome, there is no standard treatment option. Thrombolytic therapy and catheter embolectomy are the usual treatment options, but they are associated with risks, especially in patients who experience massive pulmonary embolism after coronary artery bypass surgery. Open pulmonary embolectomy may be the best choice for treating these patients. This re...

  6. Magnitude of muscle wasting early after on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery and exploration of aetiology

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, Dominique; Linsen, Loes; Verboven, Kenneth; Hendrikx, Marc; Rummens, Jean-Luc; Van Erum, Monique; Op 't Eijnde, Bert; Dendale, Paul

    2015-01-01

    New Findings What is the central question of this study? It remains uncertain whether significant fat-free mass wasting occurs early after coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and the aetiology of this wasting in these particular conditions is unexplored. What is the main finding and its importance? Significant fat-free mass wasting is present after coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and this wasting effect is greater in younger patients and in patients with greater increments in blood co...

  7. A randomized prospective analysis of alteration of hemostatic function in patients receiving tranexamic acid and hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.4 undergoing off pump coronary artery bypass surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murali Chakravarthy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Postoperative hemorrhagic complications is still one of the major problems in cardiac surgeries. It may be caused by surgical issues, coagulopathy caused by the side effects of the intravenous fluids administered to produce plasma volume expansion such as hydroxyl ethyl starch (HES. In order to thwart this hemorrhagic issue, few agents are available. Fibrinolytic inhibitors like tranexamic acid (TA may be effective modes to promote blood conservation; but the possible complications of thrombosis of coronary artery graft, precludes their generous use in coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The issue is a balance between agents that promote coagulation and those which oppose it. Therefore, in this study we have assessed the effects of concomitant use of HES and TA. Thromboelastogram (TEG was used to assess the effect of the combination of HES and TA. With ethical committee approval and patient′s consent, 100 consecutive patients were recruited for the study. Surgical and anesthetic techniques were standardized. Patients fulfilling our inclusion criteria were randomly allocated into 4 groups of 25 each. The patients in group A received 20 ml/kg of HES (130/0.4, 10 mg/kg of T.A over 30 minutes followed by infusion of 1 mg/kg/hr over the next 12 hrs. The patients in group B received Ringer′s lactate + TA at same dose. The patients in the Group C received 20 ml/kg of HES. Group D patients received RL. Fluid therapy was goal directed. Total blood loss was assessed. Reaction time (r, α angle, maximum amplitude (MA values of TEG were assessed at baseline, 12, 36 hrs. The possible perioperative myocardial infraction (MI was assessed by electrocardiogram (ECG and troponin T values at the baseline, postoperative day 1. Duration on ventilator, length of stay (LOS in the intensive care unit (ICU were also assessed. The demographical profile was similar among the groups. Use of HES increased blood loss significantly (P < 0.05. Concomitant use of TA

  8. Myocardial ischaemia during coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Multiorgan dysfunction as a result of the effects of the neurohumoral system, triggered by surgery, anaesthesia, cardiopulmonary bypass, hypothermia and blood transfusion, can lead to prolonged intensive care unit and hospital stay. In this article, a literature review was embarked upon, to understand the pathophysiology ...

  9. Stopping versus continuing acetylsalicylic acid before coronary artery bypass surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 14 randomized controlled trials with 4499 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sá, Michel Pompeu Barros Oliveira; Soares, Artur Freire; Miranda, Rodrigo Gusmão Albuquerque; Araújo, Mayara Lopes; Menezes, Alexandre Motta; Silva, Frederico Pires Vasconcelos; Lima, Ricardo Carvalho

    2017-11-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of continuing versus stopping aspirin [acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)] preoperatively in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CCTR), ClinicalTrials.gov, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Literatura Latino Americana em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Google Scholar and reference lists of relevant articles were searched for randomized controlled trials that reported efficacy outcomes of myocardial infarction and mortality, and safety outcomes of blood loss, packed red blood cell transfusion and surgical re-exploration were compared between groups. Fourteen studies fulfilled our eligibility criteria and included a total of 4499 patients (2329 for 'continuing ASA' and 2170 for 'stopping ASA'). In the pooled analysis, continuing aspirin therapy did not reduce the risk of myocardial infarction [risk ratio 0.834, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.688-1.010; P = 0.063] or operative mortality (risk ratio 1.384, 95% CI 0.727-2.636; P = 0.323). Preoperative ASA increased postoperative chest tube drainage (mean difference 143 ml, 95% CI 39-248 ml; P = 0.007) and packed red blood cell transfusion (mean difference 142 ml, 95% CI 55-228; P = 0.001) but did not increase the risk of surgical re-exploration (risk ratio 1.316, 95% CI 0.910-1.905; P = 0.145). This meta-analysis found no statistically significant difference regarding the risk of operative mortality and myocardial infarction between the 'continuing ASA' and 'stopping ASA' strategies. On the other hand, the mean volume of blood loss and packed red blood cell transfusion was higher in the 'continuing ASA' group, but this finding did not translate into higher risk of reoperation for bleeding. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  10. Quality of life during rehabilitation after coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engblom, E; Hämäläinen, H; Lind, J; Mattlar, C E; Ollila, S; Kallio, V; Inberg, M; Knuts, L R

    1992-06-01

    The effect of a three-phase comprehensive rehabilitation programme on the quality of life during the first postoperative year after coronary artery bypass surgery was studied in 205 male patients randomly allocated into a rehabilitation (R) and a hospital-based treatment (H) group. The rehabilitation programme included physical exercise, relaxation training, psychological group sessions, dietary advice and discussions about postoperative treatment of coronary disease. There was no difference between R and H groups in the frequency of postoperative complaints, number of hospital admissions and satisfaction of sexual life. An almost significantly greater number of subjects in R group than in H group perceived their health as good 12 months after surgery. The Beck Depression Index score decreased significantly in R group but not in H group during follow-up. A greater increase in hobby activities was observed in R group than in H group. More subjects in R group than in H group considered rehabilitation important for recovery, whereas more patients in H group considered support by the spouse and family, the subjective mental strength and a secure income as important.

  11. Postoperative acute kidney injury defined by RIFLE criteria predicts early health outcome and long-term survival in patients undergoing redo coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakkar, Mustafa; Bruno, Vito D; Guida, Gustavo; Angelini, Gianni D; Chivasso, Pierpaulo; Suleiman, M Sadeeh; Bryan, Alan J; Ascione, Raimondo

    2016-07-01

    To investigate the impact of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) on early health outcome and on long-term survival in patients undergoing redo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We performed a Cox analysis with 398 consecutive patients undergoing redo CABG over a median follow-up of 7 years (interquartile range, 4-12.2 years). Renal function was assessed using baseline and peak postoperative levels of serum creatinine. AKI was defined according to the risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage (RIFLE) criteria. Health outcome measures included the rate of in-hospital AKI and all-cause 30-day and long-term mortality, using data from the United Kingdom's Office of National Statistics. Propensity score matching, as well as logistic regression analyses, were used. The impact of postoperative AKI at different time points was related to survival. In patients with redo CABG, the occurrence of postoperative AKI was associated with in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR], 3.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], -1.3 to 10.5; P < .01], high Euroscore (OR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.07-1.52; P < .01), use of IABP (OR, 6.9; 95% CI, 2.24-20.3; P < .01), and reduced long-term survival (hazard ratio [HR], 2.42; 95% CI, 1.63-3.6; P = .01). Overall survival at 5 and 10 years was lower in AKI patients with AKI compared with those without AKI (64% vs 85% at 5 years; 51% vs 68% at 10 years). On 1:1 propensity score matching analysis, postoperative AKI was independently associated with reduced long term survival (HR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.15-6.7). In patients undergoing redo CABG, the occurrence of postoperative AKI is associated with increased 30-day mortality and major complications and with reduced long-term survival. Copyright © 2016 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Acute renal insufficiency and renal replacement therapy after pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kist-van Holthe tot Echten, J. E.; Goedvolk, C. A.; Doornaar, M. B.; van der Vorst, M. M.; Bosman-Vermeeren, J. M.; Brand, R.; van der Heijden, A. J.; Schoof, P. H.; Hazekamp, M. G.

    2001-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate renal function and renal replacement therapy after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery in children. Patient characteristics (sex, age, diagnosis), operation type, and death were listed. The study was performed retrospectively using serum creatinine level before,

  13. Studies on cerebral hemodynamics by single photon emission computerized tomography, 2; Evaluation of the hemodynamics before and after bypass surgery in patients with cerebrovascular occlusive disease using sup 133 Xe inhalation and single photon emission computerized tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Imao, Yukinori (Gifu Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Medicine)

    1991-05-01

    Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured by using Xe-133 inhalation method before and after administration of Diamox (DM) to evaluate the hemodynamics in a total of 34 patietns with cerebrovascular occlusive disease. Hemodynamic changes after bypass surgery were also evaluated. According to CBF findings and DM reactivity, the patients were divided into 4 types: (1) normal findings in both CBF and DM reactivity, suggesting well-developed collateral circulation and normal cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), (2) decrease in CBF, probably due to reduction in the metabolic demand, and normal DM reactivity, (3) normal CBF and decreased DM reactivity, suggesting moderate vasodilation due to reduced CPP, and (4) decreased CBF and impaired DM reactivity. One patient in the group of type 1 had transient hemiplegia after administration of DM. Retrograde ophthalmic flow or collateral flow via leptomeningeal anastomosis on angiograms was frequently associated with impairment of DM reactivity, suggesting reduction of CPP. CBF on the operation side was increased by bypass surgery. Most of the patients recovered from impaired DM reactivity after surgery. Of 13 patients having impaired DM reactivity, 9 had obviously increased cerebral blood volume (CBV) on the occluded side compared with the non-occluded side. In the remaining 4 patients, CBV did not increase on the occluded side. Impaired DM reactivity may not necessarily be caused by the compensative increase in CBV, i.e. vasodilation, due to reduced CPP. (N.K.) 57 refs.

  14. Breast cancer biomarkers predict weight loss after gastric bypass surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sauter Edward R

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Obesity has long been associated with postmenopausal breast cancer risk and more recently with premenopausal breast cancer risk. We previously observed that nipple aspirate fluid (n levels of prostate specific antigen (PSA were associated with obesity. Serum (s levels of adiponectin are lower in women with higher body mass index (BMI and with breast cancer. We conducted a prospective study of obese women who underwent gastric bypass surgery to determine: 1 change in n- and s-adiponectin and nPSA after surgery and 2 if biomarker change is related to change in BMI. Samples (30-s, 28-n and BMI were obtained from women 0, 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery. Findings There was a significant increase after surgery in pre- but not postmenopausal women at all time points in s-adiponectin and at 3 and 6 months in n-adiponectin. Low n-PSA and high s-adiponectin values were highly correlated with decrease in BMI from baseline. Conclusions Adiponectin increases locally in the breast and systemically in premenopausal women after gastric bypass. s-adiponectin in pre- and nPSA in postmenopausal women correlated with greater weight loss. This study provides preliminary evidence for biologic markers to predict weight loss after gastric bypass surgery.

  15. Effects of massage therapy on sleep quality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavia Baggio Nerbass

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Having poor sleep quality is common among patients following cardiopulmonary artery bypass graft surgery. Pain, stress, anxiety and poor sleep quality may be improved by massage therapy. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether massage therapy is an effective technique for improving sleep quality in patients following cardiopulmonary artery bypass graft surgery. METHOD: Participants included cardiopulmonary artery bypass graft surgery patients who were randomized into a control group and a massage therapy group following discharge from the intensive care unit (Day 0, during the postoperative period. The control group and the massage therapy group comprised participants who were subjected to three nights without massage and three nights with massage therapy, respectively. The patients were evaluated on the following mornings (i.e., Day 1 to Day 3 using a visual analogue scale for pain in the chest, back and shoulders, in addition to fatigue and sleep. Participants kept a sleep diary during the study period. RESULTS: Fifty-seven cardiopulmonary artery bypass graft surgery patients were enrolled in the study during the preoperative period, 17 of whom were excluded due to postoperative complications. The remaining 40 participants (male: 67.5%, age: 61.9 years ± 8.9 years, body mass index: 27.2 kg/m² ± 3.7 kg/m² were randomized into control (n = 20 and massage therapy (n = 20 groups. Pain in the chest, shoulders, and back decreased significantly in both groups from Day 1 to Day 3. The participants in the massage therapy group had fewer complaints of fatigue on Day 1 (p=0.006 and Day 2 (p=0.028 in addition, they reported a more effective sleep during all three days (p=0.019 when compared with the participants in the control group. CONCLUSION: Massage therapy is an effective technique for improving patient recovery from cardiopulmonary artery bypass graft surgery because it reduces fatigue and improves sleep.

  16. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Palleja, Albert; Kashani, Alireza; Allin, Kristine Højgaard

    2016-01-01

    relative abundances of 31 species (P Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Veillonella spp., Streptococcus spp., Alistipes spp., and Akkermansia muciniphila. Sixteen of these species maintained their altered relative abundances during......Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective means to achieve sustained weight loss for morbidly obese individuals. Besides rapid weight reduction, patients achieve major improvements of insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis. Dysbiosis of gut microbiota has been associated...

  17. Risk Factors of Red Blood Cell Transfusion in Isolate off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Chung, Eui Suk; Park, Kay-Hyun; Lim, Cheong; Choi, Jinho

    2012-01-01

    Background Perioperative transfusion of red blood cell (RBC) may cause adverse effects. Bloodless-cardiac surgery has been spotlighted to avoid those problems. Off pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery can decrease the transfusion. However, the risk factors of transfusions in OPCAB have not been investigated properly. Materials and Methods One hundred and thirteen patients (male:female=35:78, mean age=66.7±9.9 years) who received isolated OPCAB were retrospectively analyzed from March 2...

  18. Design and rationale for a randomised comparison of everolimus-eluting stents and coronary artery bypass graft surgery in selected patients with left main coronary artery disease: the EXCEL trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kappetein, Arie Pieter; Serruys, Patrick W; Sabik, Joseph F; Leon, Martin B; Taggart, David P; Morice, Marie-Claude; Gersh, Bernard J; Pocock, Stuart J; Cohen, David J; Wallentin, Lars; Ben-Yehuda, Ori; van Es, Gerrit-Anne; Simonton, Charles A; Stone, Gregg W

    2016-09-18

    Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is the standard of care for revascularisation of patients with left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). Recent studies have suggested that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) may provide comparable outcomes in selected patients with LMCAD without extensive CAD. We therefore designed a trial to investigate whether PCI with XIENCE cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (CoCr-EES) would result in non-inferior or superior clinical outcomes to CABG in selected patients with LMCAD. The Evaluation of XIENCE versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization (EXCEL) trial is a prospective, open-label, multicentre, international study of 1,900 randomised subjects. Patients with significant LMCAD with a SYNTAX score ≤32 and local Heart Team consensus that the subject is appropriate for revascularisation by both PCI and CABG are consented and randomised 1:1 to undergo PCI using CoCr-EES or CABG. All patients undergo follow-up for five years. The primary endpoint is the three-year composite rate of death, stroke or myocardial infarction, assessed at a median follow-up of at least three years (with at least two-year follow-up in all patients), powered for sequential non-inferiority and superiority testing. The EXCEL study will define the contemporary roles of CABG and PCI using XIENCE CoCr-EES in patients with LMCAD disease with low and intermediate SYNTAX scores.

  19. Gastric bypass surgery: Improving psoriasis through a GLP-1-dependent mechanism?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faurschou, Annesofie; Zachariae, Claus; Skov, Lone

    2011-01-01

    surgery. This most likely contributes importantly to the acute remission of type 2 diabetes, which is often induced by gastric bypass operations. The hormone is not hypersecreted after the purely restrictive bariatric procedure gastric banding and no case reports exist on improvement in psoriasis......, both a direct anti-inflammatory effect of GLP-1 as well as an indirect effect through weight loss could contribute to improvement in psoriasis. A potential involvement of GLP-1 in the remission of psoriasis observed after bariatric surgery offers exciting possibilities for research and eventually...... bypass surgery in patients with psoriasis may result in complete remission of the disease. A substantial weight loss is achieved in the months following surgery, which is likely to reduce psoriasis symptoms and risk of comorbidities. Interestingly, however, it has been described that improvement...

  20. Incidental Pulmonary Embolism After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: Long-Term Clinical Follow-Up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Kyongmin Sarah; Cho, Eun Kyung; Moon, Mi Hyung; Kim, Do-Yeon; Song, Hyun; Jung, Jung Im

    2018-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and natural history of incidentally found and untreated pulmonary embolism (PE) at coronary CT angiography after coronary artery bypass grafting. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 353 patients consecutively registered between January 1, 2010, and November 11, 2015, who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting followed within 2 weeks by coronary CT angiography. All patients received 100 mg of aspirin and 75 mg of clopidogrel after surgery. We collected relevant clinical and CT data, including total follow-up duration after coronary artery bypass grafting, follow-up CT findings, mortality, and incidence of any recurrent PE. PE was diagnosed in 22 of the 353 patients (6.2%) who remained in the study after the exclusion criteria were applied. Most of the PEs occurred at the segmental or subsegmental level. All patients were in hemodynamically stable condition, had no symptoms, and underwent follow-up for a median of 53 months (range 19-74 months). Twenty of the 22 patients did not receive anticoagulation, and all but one of these patients had complete resolution of PE at second follow-up coronary CT angiography (median, 149 days after surgery). There was no associated mortality or recurrent PE. Incidental PE after coronary artery bypass grafting is found in approximately 6% of patients undergoing postoperative coronary CT angiography, and most PEs resolve spontaneously without anticoagulation. No patient in this study died or had recurrent PE during a median follow-up period of 53 months.

  1. Assessment of long-term effects of aneurysms trapping and extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery in patients with complex cerebral aneurysms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAO Zhi-qi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective To study the long-term effects of extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC bypass and aneurysms trapping in patients with complex cerebral aneurysms. Methods Seventeen patients with complex aneurysms, who underwent EC-IC bypass and aneurysms trapping from 2008 to 2009, were followed up. Clinical records were reviewed, modified Rankin Scale (mRS was recorded at admission, discharging, and follow-up point, and activities of daily living (ADL scale (Barthel Index at admission and follow-up point. Results Seventeen patients (11 males and 6 females were followed up. At admission mRS scores were 1.06 ± 0.87, Barthel index 91.10 ± 10.30. Superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA was performed in 8 cases, extracarotid artery-great saphenous vein-middle cerebral artery (ECA-GSV-MCA in 5 cases, extracarotid artery-radial artery-middle cerebral artery (ECA-RA-MCA in 3 cases, occipital artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery (OA-PICA in 1 case. Patients were followed up for 19-39 months (mean 28.67 months. At follow-up point, 2 patients (11.76% died, operation-related mortality was 5.88% (1/17, operation-related morbidity 5.88% (1/17, mRS scores 1.07 ± 1.16, Barthel index 96.40 ± 10.30. Conclusion Patients with complex aneurysms who were impossible to be treated with surgical clipping or endovascular intervention could be cured with extracranial-intracranial bypass and aneurysms trapping, and good follow-up results were acquired.

  2. Risk factors for mediastinitis after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sá, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira; Soares, Evelyn Figueira; Santos, Cecília Andrade; Figueiredo, Omar Jacobina; Lima, Renato Oliveira Albuquerque; Escobar, Rodrigo Renda; de Rueda, Fábio Gonçalves; Lima, Ricardo de Carvalho

    2011-01-01

    Mediastinitis is a serious complication of median sternotomy and is associated to significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to identify risk factors for mediastinitis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), without the use of bilateral internal thoracic artery (ITA), at the Division of Cardiovascular Surgery of Pronto Socorro Cardiológico de Pernambuco - PROCAPE. A retrospective study of 500 consecutive patients operated on between May 2007 and April 2010. Ten preoperative variables, seven intraoperative variables and seven postoperative variables possibly involved in the development of postoperative mediastinitis were evaluated. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed. The incidence of mediastinitis was 5.6% (n=28), with a lethality rate of 32.1% (n=9). In multivariate analysis using logistic regression, five variables remained as independent risk factors: obesity (OR 2.60, 95% CI 1.11 to 6.68), diabetes (OR 2.71, 95% CI 1.18 to 6.65), smoking (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.12 to 4.67), use of pedicled internal thoracic artery (OR 5.17, 95% CI 1.45 to 18.42) and on-pump CABG (OR 2.26, 95% CI 1.14 to 5.85). This study identified the following independent risk factors for mediastinitis after CABG: obesity, diabetes, smoking, use of pedicled ITA and on-pump CABG.

  3. CBF before and after extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease studied with 133Xe-inhalation tomography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vorstrup, S; Lassen, N A; Henriksen, L

    1985-01-01

    arterial occlusions and on the finding of focal low flow areas corresponding to the clinical symptoms, that consisted mainly of minor stroke with good remission and with or without subsequent TIAs. It was required that the area of low flow should clearly exceed the CT lesion present in practically all......Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was studied by 133Xenon inhalation tomography in 22 patients with symptoms of ischemic cerebrovascular disease before and after establishment of an extracranial-intracranial bypass shunt. Selection of patients for shunting was based on angiographically demonstrated...

  4. On-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Houlind, Kim Christian

    2013-01-01

    Off pump coronary artery bypass surgery has been purported to be safer than conventional coronary artery bypass surgery performed using cardiopulmonary bypass. This theory was supported by a number of early series, but failed to be confirmed by a number of small, randomized controlled trials...

  5. Low-Level Laser and Light-Emitting Diode Therapy for Pain Control in Hyperglycemic and Normoglycemic Patients Who Underwent Coronary Bypass Surgery with Internal Mammary Artery Grafts: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study with Follow-Up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Andréa Conceição Gomes; Fernandes, Gilderlene Alves; Gonzaga, Isabel Clarisse; de Barros Araújo, Raimundo; de Oliveira, Rauirys Alencar; Nicolau, Renata Amadei

    2016-06-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for reducing pain in hyperglycemic and normoglycemic patients who underwent coronary artery bypass surgery with internal mammary artery grafts. This study was conducted on 120 volunteers who underwent elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. The volunteers were randomly allocated to four different groups of equal size (n = 30): control, placebo, LLLT [λ = 640 nm and spatial average energy fluence (SAEF) = 1.06 J/cm(2)], and LED (λ = 660 ± 20 nm and SAEF = 0.24 J/cm(2)). Participants were also divided into hyperglycemic and normoglycemic subgroups, according to their fasting blood glucose test result before surgery. The outcome assessed was pain during coughing by a visual analog scale (VAS) and the McGill Pain Questionnaire. The patients were followed for 1 month after the surgery. The LLLT and LED groups showed a greater decrease in pain, with similar results, as indicated by both the VAS and the McGill questionnaire (p ≤ 0.05), on the 6th and 8th postoperative day compared with the placebo and control groups. The outcomes were also similar between hyperglycemic and normoglycemic patients. One month after the surgery, almost no individual reported pain during coughing. LLLT and LED had similar analgesic effects in hyperglycemic and normoglycemic patients, better than placebo and control groups.

  6. Transient hyperperfusion after extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery on brain perfusion SPECT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Yu Kyeong; Oh, Chang Wan; Cho, Sang Soo; Lee, Eun Ju; Eo, Jae Seon; Lee, Won Woo; Kim, Sang Eun [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-07-01

    We designed this study to investigate the transient relative hyperperfusion and its clinical implication after STA (superficial temporal artery) to MCA (middle cerebral artery) bypass surgery in patients with ischemic cerebral stroke. In 25 patients, comprising of 11 moyamoya disease (MMD) and 14 atherosclerotic disease (ASD), STA-MCA anastomosis was performed to distal cortical branches of middle cerebral artery for revascularization. 99mTc-ECD brain perfusion SPECT was performed before, 3 days and then 10 days after bypass surgery. Each image was spatially normalized into the standard space and changes of brain perfusion in the entire internal carotid artery (ICA) territory were evaluated using standardized ROIs. In the overall analysis including all patients, the surgery effectively increased ICA territory perfusion on the 3rd and 10th day after bypass surgery in comparison with the preoperative one (p<0.01 and p=0.03). The 3rd day perfusion was significantly higher than the 10th day one (p<0.01), demonstrating transient relative hyperperfusion on the 3rd day compared with the 10th day. In MMD group, such transient increase of perfusion was most severe in the vicinity of the anastomosis site, and more definite than the ASD group. Three patients, 2 ASD and one MMD, showed temporary neurological deterioration (dysphasia or dysarthria) beginning within 3 days after surgery and resolving completely within 2 weeks after onset, without hemorrhage, infarction or other serious defects on CT scan. Their neurological changes correlated well with the focal perfusion changes confirmed by SPECT images on the 3rd and 10th postoperative day. Transient relative hyperperfusion was observed on postoperative 3rd day compared with the 10th day following STA-MCA bypass surgery. In some patients, such transient increase of focal perfusion seems to provoke temporary neurological deterioration.

  7. Impact of metabolic syndrome on mortality and morbidity after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardeshiri, Maryam; Faritus, Zahra; Ojaghi-Haghighi, Zahra; Bakhshandeh, Hooman; Kargar, Faranak; Aghili, Rokhsareh

    2014-08-01

    The prevalence of Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been increased in Asian countries. It represents a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors including obesity, insulin resistance, lipid abnormality and hypertension. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between MetS and outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). This prospective study was performed on patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). All the patients were followed up in hospital and three months afterward. Patients were excluded if they were younger than 18 years or had severe comorbidities, a history of valvular heart disease, and low ejection fraction. A total of 235 patients (135 women) with a mean age of 59 ± 9.3 years were included. MetS was more prevalent in women (P 5 days) and atelectasia (P atelectasia.

  8. Preoperative intra-aortic balloon pump use in high-risk patients prior to coronary artery bypass graft surgery decreases the risk for morbidity and mortality-A meta-analysis of 9,212 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deppe, Antje-Christin; Weber, Carolyn; Liakopoulos, Oliver J; Zeriouh, Mohamed; Slottosch, Ingo; Scherner, Maximilian; Kuhn, Elmar W; Choi, Yeong-Hoon; Wahlers, Thorsten

    2017-03-01

    Prophylactic intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) support for high-risk patients before coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is controversial. This meta-analysis sought to determine the current role of preoperative IABP support. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized (RCT) and observational trials (OT) that fulfilled the following criteria: (1) Group comparison of patients with prophylactic IABP implantation before CABG with a control group; (2) reporting at least one desired clinical endpoint, including all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident (CVA), and renal failure. Pooled treatment effects (odds ratio [OR] or weighted mean difference, and 95% confidence intervals [95%CI]) were assessed using a fixed or random effects model. A total of 9,212 patients from 23 studies (7 RCT, 16 OT) were identified after a literature search of major databases using a predefined keyword list. Absolute risk reduction for mortality in RCTs was 4.4% (OR 0.43; 95%CI 0.25-0.73; p = 0.0025). Prophylactic IABP use before CABG surgery also decreased the risk for myocardial infarction (OR 0.58; 95%CI 0.43-0.78; p = 0.004), CVA (OR 0.67; 95%CI 0.47-0.97; p = 0.042), and renal failure (OR 0.62; 95%CI 0.47-0.83; p = 0.0014). Length of intensive care unit stay (p risk patients before CABG surgery. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Increased neutrophil priming and sensitization before commencing cardiopulmonary bypass in cardiac surgical patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gu, YJ; Schoen, P; Tigchelaar, [No Value; Loef, BG; Ebels, T; Rankin, AJ; van Oeveren, W

    2002-01-01

    Background. Neutrophil activation is implicated in postoperative complications in patients having cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). This study was designed to determine the temporal fluctuations in the primability of neutrophils in the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative

  10. Changes in adhesion molecule expression and oxidative burst activity of granulocytes and monocytes during open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass compared with abdominal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, P; Nielsen, C H; Tønnesen, Else Kirstine

    1998-01-01

    Cardiac and major abdominal surgery are associated with granulocytosis in peripheral blood. The purpose of the present study was to describe the granulocyte and monocyte oxidative burst and the expression of adhesion molecules following cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and abdominal...... surgery, 1, 5, 10 and 20 min after aortic clamping, and then 1, 5, 10 and 20 min and 1, 2 and 3 h after declamping. Samples from eight patients undergoing abdominal surgery were taken before surgery, at the end of surgery, and 2 and 3 h post-operatively. A decrease in number of granulocytes and monocytes...... during cardiopulmonary bypass was observed. The percentage of CD11a-positive granulocytes increased from 30% pre-operatively to 75% following cardiopulmonary bypass, while CD44-positive granulocytes increased from 5% to 13%. Despite the extent of the changes, these were not significant. The oxidative...

  11. Effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on propofol pharmacokinetics and bispectral index during coronary surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Antonio G. Barbosa

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: Cardiopulmonary bypass is known to alter propofol pharmacokinetics in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, few studies have evaluated the impact of these alterations on postoperative pharmacodynamics. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that changes in propofol pharmacokinetics increase hypnotic effects after cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Twenty patients scheduled for on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (group, n=10 or off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (group, n=10 coronary artery bypass grafts were anesthetized with sufentanil and a propofol target controlled infusion (2.0 µg/mL. Depth of hypnosis was monitored using the bispectral index. Blood samples were collected from the induction of anesthesia up to 12 hours after the end of propofol infusion, at predetermined intervals. Plasma propofol concentrations were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography, followed by a non-compartmental propofol pharmacokinetic analysis. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, considering p<0.05 as significant. RESULTS: After cardiopulmonary bypass, despite similar plasma propofol concentrations in both groups, bispectral index values were lower in the on-pump coronary artery bypass graft group. Time to extubation after the end of propofol infusion was greater in the on-pump coronary artery bypass graft group (334 ± 117 vs. 216 ± 85 min, p = 0.04. Patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass had shorter biological (1.82 ± 0.5 vs. 3.67 ± 1.15h, p < 0.01 and terminal elimination (6.27 ± 1.29 vs. 10.5h ± 2.18, p < 0.01 half-life values, as well as higher total plasma clearance (28.36 ± 11.40 vs.18.29 ± 7.67 mL/kg/min, p = 0.03, compared to patients in the off-pump coronary artery bypass graft group. CONCLUSION: Aside from the increased sensitivity of the brain to anesthetics after cardiopulmonary bypass, changes in propofol pharmacokinetics may contribute to its central nervous system effects.

  12. Nurse’s Perception of Stressors Associated with Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kobra Parvan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cardiac surgery has many physiological, psychological, emotional, growth and spiritual potential consequences due to stress. Identifying and understanding the nature of stress can help nurses in controlling and reducing it. However, few studies have been conducted to identify the stressors. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine nurses' perceptions of patients' stressors associated with coronary artery bypass surgery. Methods: During a two month investigation, qualified nurses (n = 68 of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass were selected on the third to fifth day after surgery. With the use of Revised Cardiac Surgery Stressors Scale (RCSSS, interpersonal, intrapersonal and extrapersonal stressors were determined. Results: The findings showed that the most interpersonal, intrapersonal and extrapersonal stressors were; “the need to have cardiac surgery”, “death due to illness or surgery”, “needing assistance with various activities”, “doctors and nurses discussing about other patients”, “having chest tube” and “Payment of hospital and medical bills”. Conclusion: Identification of stressors in patients with coronary artery bypass graft helps nurses in taking better care of them. It would make a better ground for the officials and practitioners towards managing the stressors, especially interpersonal and extrapersonal stressors. Thereby patients are helped to cope with stressors.

  13. Pulmonary artery perfusion versus no pulmonary perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with COPD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buggeskov, Katrine B; Sundskard, Martin M; Jonassen, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Absence of pulmonary perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may be associated with reduced postoperative oxygenation. Effects of active pulmonary artery perfusion were explored in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: 90...... perfusion with normothermic oxygenated blood during cardiopulmonary bypass appears to improve postoperative oxygenation in patients with COPD undergoing cardiac surgery. Pulmonary artery perfusion with hypothermic HTK solution does not seem to improve postoperative oxygenation. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER...

  14. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery in acute coronary syndrome: incidence, cost impact, and acute clopidogrel interruption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Stephen S; Bell, Kelly; Gdovin, Joette; Jing, Yonghua; Graham, John

    2012-02-01

    Guidelines stipulate that clopidogrel should be interrupted ≥ 5 days prior to elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery to reduce the risk of bleeding unless the need for revascularization and/or the net benefit of the clopidogrel outweighs the potential risks of bleeding. This study describes real-world patterns of acute clopidogrel use, CABG surgery, and inpatient costs among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The study used the MarketScan® Commercial, Medicare Supplemental, and Hospital Drug databases, comprising health care data for > 63 million individuals in the United States. Acute coronary syndrome episodes, defined as hospitalizations for ACS (primary International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes 410.xx, 411.1x) occurring between January 1, 2005 and June 30, 2009, were identified from patients aged ≥ 18 years. Outcomes included cost of and length of stay (LOS) for ACS episodes and, among patients experiencing ACS episodes treated with acute clopidogrel administration followed by CABG surgery, the duration of clopidogrel interruption prior to CABG surgery. Analyses were descriptive. A total of 160 168 ACS episodes were identified, and the mean patient age was 63.5 years. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery episodes comprised 9.3% (14 896 of 160 168) of all ACS episodes. The mean LOS was 9.8 (standard deviation [SD], 6.8) days per CABG surgery episode, and mean inpatient costs were $71 140 (SD, $68 012) per CABG surgery episode. Among patients experiencing ACS episodes with inpatient drug data and to whom acute clopidogrel was administered followed by CABG surgery (n = 8101), the mean duration of clopidogrel interruption was 3.3 (SD, 2.6) days, and the majority (62.1%) of these patients underwent surgery within 1 to 3 days after their last acute clopidogrel dose. The mean incremental increase in inpatient costs associated with 1 extra LOS day was $1991. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is

  15. Bone Structural Changes and Estimated Strength After Gastric Bypass Surgery Evaluated by HR-pQCT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Katrine Diemer; Hanson, Stine; Hansen, Stinus

    2016-01-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) is an effective treatment of morbid obesity, with positive effects on obesity-related complications. The treatment is associated with bone loss, which in turn might increase fracture risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in bone mineral densit...... increased risk of fracture in bariatric patients after surgery. We only observed bone structural changes in the weight-bearing bone, which indicates that mechanical un-loading is the primary mediator.......Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) is an effective treatment of morbid obesity, with positive effects on obesity-related complications. The treatment is associated with bone loss, which in turn might increase fracture risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in bone mineral density...

  16. Outcome of Cardiac Rehabilitation Following Off-Pump Versus On-Pump Coronary Bypass Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arefizadeh, Reza; Hariri, Seyed Yaser; Moghadam, Adel Johari

    2017-06-15

    A few studies have compared the cardiac rehabilitation (CR) outcome between those who undergo conventional on-pump bypass surgery and off-pump surgery. We compared this outcome among the patients differentiated by the On-pump and off-pump surgical procedures about cardiovascular variables and psychological status. This longitudinal study recruited 318 and 102 consecutive patients who had undergone CABG (on-pump surgery, n = 318 and off-pump surgery, n = 102) and been referred to the CR clinic. The off-pump surgery patients had more improvement in their metabolic equivalents (METs) value. The physical and mental components of health-related quality of life (QOL) (based on SF-36 questionnaire) as well as depression-anxiety (based on Costello-Comrey Depression and Anxiety Scale) were notably improved in the two study groups after the CR program, while changes in the QOL components scores and also depression-anxiety score were not different between the off-pump and on-pump techniques. Regarding QOL and psychological status, there were no differences in the CR outcome between those who underwent off-pump bypass surgery and those who underwent on-pump surgery; nevertheless, the off-pump technique was superior to the on-pump method on METs improvement following CR.

  17. Pancreatic and Intestinal Function Post Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery for Obesity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    O'Keefe, Stephen J D; Rakitt, Tina; Ou, Junhai

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Despite the fact that the most effective treatment for morbid obesity today is gastric bypass surgery, some patients develop life-threatening nutritional complications associated with their weight loss. METHODS: Here we examine the influence of the altered anatomy and digestive...... physiology on pancreatic secretion and fat absorption. Thirteen post Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients who had lost >100 lbs in the first year following surgery and who gave variable histories of gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction, were selected for study. Food-stimulated pancreatic enzyme secretion....... CONCLUSIONS: Our investigations revealed a wide spectrum of gastrointestinal abnormalities, including fat malabsorption, impaired food stimulated pancreatic secretion, ileal brake stimulation, and bacterial overgrowth, in patients following RYGB which could be attributed to the breakdown of the normally...

  18. Authentication of Radial Versus Femoral Arterial Pressure Waveform-Derived Cardiac Output With Transesophageal Echocardiography-Derived Cardiac Output Measurements in Patients Undergoing On-Pump Coronary Bypass Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maddali, Madan Mohan; Waje, Niranjan Dilip; Sathiya, Panchatcharam Murthi

    2017-08-01

    The aim of this study was to ascertain if arterial waveform-derived cardiac output measurements from radial and femoral cannulation sites were reliable as compared with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-derived cardiac output (CO) values, and which of the CO measurements derived from radial and the femoral arterial pressure waveforms closely tracked simultaneously measured TEE-derived CO values. This study also aimed to ascertain if cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) would impact the accuracy of arterial pressure-derived CO values from either of the 2 sites. A prospective observational study. Tertiary care cardiac center. Cardiac surgical patients undergoing on-pump primary coronary artery bypass surgery. Waveform-derived CO monitoring through radial and femoral artery cannulation using a FloTrac/Vigileo system. Twenty-seven consecutive cardiac surgical patients undergoing on-pump primary coronary artery bypass surgery were included in the study. Cardiac output was measured sequentially by the arterial pressure waveform analysis method from radial and femoral arterial sites and compared with simultaneously measured TEE-derived CO. Cardiac output data were obtained in triplicate at 6 predefined time intervals: before and after sternotomy, 5, 15, and 30 minutes after separation from CPB and prior to shifting the patient out of the operating room. The overall bias of the study was 0.11 and 0.27, the percentage error was 19.31 and 18.45, respectively, for radial and femoral arterial waveform-derived CO values as compared with TEE-derived CO measurements. The overall precision as compared with the TEE-derived CO values was 16.94 and 15.95 for the radial and femoral cannulation sites, respectively. The bias calculated by the Bland-Altman method suggested that CO measurements from the radial arterial site were in closer agreement with TEE-derived CO values at all time periods, and the relation was not affected by CPB. However, percentage error and precision calculations

  19. Preoperative weight gain might increase risk of gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Istfan, Nawfal W; Anderson, Wendy A; Apovian, Caroline M; Hess, Donald T; Forse, R Armour

    2011-01-01

    Weight loss improves the cardiovascular and metabolic risk associated with obesity. However, insufficient data are available about the health effects of weight gain, separate from the obesity itself. We sought to determine whether the changes in body weight before open gastric bypass surgery (OGB) would have a significant effect on the immediate perioperative hospital course. A retrospective chart review of 100 consecutive patients was performed to examine the effects of co-morbidities and body weight changes in the immediate preoperative period on the hospital length of stay and the rate of admission to the surgical intensive care unit (SICU). Of our class III obese patients undergoing OGB, 95% had ≥1 co-morbid condition and an overall SICU admission rate of 18%. Compared with the patients with no perioperative SICU admission, the patients admitted to the SICU had a greater degree of insulin resistance (homeostatic model analysis-insulin resistance 10.8 ± 1.3 versus 5.9 ± 0.5, P = .001), greater serum triglyceride levels (225 ± 47 versus 143 ± 8 mg/dL, P = .003), and had gained more weight preoperatively (.52 ± .13 versus .06 ± .06 lb/wk, P = .003). The multivariate analyses showed that preoperative weight gain was a risk factor for a longer length of stay and more SICU admissions lasting ≥3 days, as were a diagnosis of sleep apnea and an elevated serum triglyceride concentration. The results of the present retrospective study suggest that weight gain increases the risk of perioperative SICU admission associated with OGB, independent of the body mass index. Sleep apnea and elevated serum triglyceride levels were also important determinants of perioperative morbidity. In view of the increasing epidemic of obesity and the popularity of bariatric surgical procedures, we propose that additional clinical and metabolic research focusing on the understanding of the complex relationship among obesity, positive energy balance, weight gain, and perioperative

  20. Patient’s Perception of Stressors Associated with Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kobra Parvan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cardiac surgery, due to being associated with stressors, has many physiological, psychological, emotional, growths, and spiritual potential consequences. However, few studies have been conducted about identifying the stressors. Therefore, the objective of the study was to determine patients’ perceptions of stressors associated with coronary artery bypass surgery.Methods: In this descriptive study during the two-month investigation, qualified patients for participation in the study (68 persons undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery on the third to fifth postoperative day were selected and with using of Revised Cardiac Surgery Stressors Scale (RCSSS, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and extra personal stressors were determined.Results: The findings showed that intrapersonal stressors are perceived more than interpersonal and extra personal stressors by patients. In the analysis of data, the highest stressors were "pain and discomfort", "the need to have heart surgery", "death due to illness or surgery", "being away from home and work", "having chest tube".Conclusion: In this study the intrapersonal stressors were perceived more than interpersonal and extra personal stressors by patients, which nurses should put emphasis on identification and elimination of intrapersonal stressors based on the needs of patients.

  1. Proposing a validated clinical app predicting hospitalization cost for extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai Sun

    Full Text Available United States healthcare reforms are focused on curtailing rising expenditures. In neurosurgical domain, limited or no data exists identifying potential modifiable targets associated with high-hospitalization cost for cerebrovascular procedures such as extracranial-intracranial (ECIC bypass. Our study objective was to develop a predictive model of initial cost for patients undergoing bypass surgery.In an observational cohort study, we analyzed patients registered in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002-2011 that underwent ECIC bypass. Split-sample 1:1 randomization of the study cohort was performed. Hospital cost data was modelled using ordinary least square to identity potential drivers impacting initial hospitalization cost. Subsequently, a validated clinical app for estimated hospitalization cost is proposed (https://www.neurosurgerycost.com/calc/ec-ic-by-pass.Overall, 1533 patients [mean age: 45.18 ± 19.51 years; 58% female] underwent ECIC bypass for moyamoya disease [45.1%], cerebro-occlusive disease (COD [23% without infarction; 12% with infarction], unruptured [12%] and ruptured [4%] aneurysms. Median hospitalization cost was $37,525 (IQR: $16,225-$58,825. Common drivers impacting cost include Asian race, private payer, elective admission, hyponatremia, neurological and respiratory complications, acute renal failure, bypass for moyamoya disease, COD without infarction, medium and high volume centers, hospitals located in Midwest, Northeast, and West region, total number of diagnosis and procedures, days to bypass and post-procedural LOS. Our model was validated in an independent cohort and using 1000-bootstrapped replacement samples.Identified drivers of hospital cost after ECIC bypass could potentially be used as an adjunct for creation of data driven policies, impact reimbursement criteria, aid in-hospital auditing, and in the cost containment debate.

  2. Compromised Cardiopulmonary Exercise Capacity in Patients Early After Endoscopic Atraumatic Coronary Artery Bypass Graft: Implications for Rehabilitation

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, Dominique; Roijackers, Ruben; Jackmaert, Lore; Robic, Boris; Hendrikx, Marc; Yilmaz, Alaaddin; Frederix, Ines; Rosseel, Michael; Dendale, Paul

    2016-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this work was to test the hypothesis that cardiopulmonary exercise tolerance is better preserved early after endoscopic atraumatic coronary artery bypass graft (endo-ACAB) surgery versus coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Design: Twenty endo-ACAB surgery patients, 20 CABG surgery patients, and 15 healthy subjects executed a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test, with assessment and comparison of cycling power output, O2 uptake, CO2 output, respiratory ...

  3. Are patients bypassing paediatric cardiology outreach clinics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Alexander; Samson, Ray; McLeod, Karen

    2017-07-01

    Previous studies have identified that receiving specialist care close to home can positively influence patients' experience. Despite this, a review of cardiology outpatient appointments at the Royal Hospital for Children in Glasgow demonstrated that a large number of families are bypassing their local children's cardiology centre to attend cardiac clinics at the specialist children's surgical centre. We used patient questionnaire, audit of local facilities, and examined the relationship between diagnosis and bypass numbers to better understand factors influencing this trend. Our results suggest that patient preference, short travelling distance to specialist children's cardiac centre, a more severe cardiac diagnosis, and inconsistent local facilities, expertise, and support are likely to influence a family's decision to bypass their local children's cardiology centre.

  4. Preoperative β-cell function in patients with type 2 diabetes is important for the outcome of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Michael Taulo; Hansen, Merethe; Skaaby, Stinna

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: A major part of the patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) show remission after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This is the result of increased postoperative insulin sensitivity and β-cell secretion. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the importance of the preoperative β...... DI, a restoration of first phase ISR and β-cell glucose sensitivity were seen only in T2DMhigh . Remission of type 2 diabetes was 71 and 38% in T2DMhigh and T2DMlow , respectively. Postoperative postprandial GLP-1 concentrations increased markedly, but did not differ between the groups. CONCLUSION......-cell function in T2DM for the chance of remission after RYGB. METHODS: 15 patients with and 18 without T2DM had 25 g oral (OGTT) and intravenous (IVGTT) glucose tolerance tests performed at inclusion, after a diet induced weight loss, and 4 and 18 months after RYGB. RESULTS: Postoperative first phase insulin...

  5. Minimally Circulatory-Assisted On-Pump Beating Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting for Patients With Complex Conditions for Off-Pump Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuno, Tomohiro; Egi, Koso; Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Keiji; Hachimaru, Tsuyoshi; Makita, Tohru; Oishi, Kiyotoshi; Arai, Hirokuni

    2017-03-01

    Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is difficult because of circulatory deterioration during displacement of the heart. At our institution, we performed minimally circulatory-assisted on-pump beating coronary artery bypass grafting (MICAB) in these patients. During MICAB, support flow was controlled at a minimal level to maintain a systemic blood pressure of approximately 100 mm Hg and a pulmonary arterial systolic pressure of bypass grafts, perioperative renal function, and early and mid-term morbidity and mortality were compared between the patients who received MICAB and the 37 consecutive patients who underwent OPCAB during the study period at our hospital. The assist flow indices (actual support flow/body surface area) during anastomosis to the left anterior descending artery, left circumflex artery, and right coronary artery were 0.95 ± 0.48 L/min/m2 , 1.32 ± 0.53 L/min/m2 , and 1.15 ± 0.47 L/min/m2 , respectively, in the emergent and urgent patients following AMI, and 0.44 ± 0.39 L/min/m2 , 1.25 ± 0.39 L/min/m2 , and 1.14 ± 0.43 L/min/m2 , respectively, in the elective patients with either dilated LVs or small target vessels. The lowest mixed venous oxygen saturation during pump support in the MICAB group was significantly higher than that in the OPCAB group (83.8 ± 10.8%, 71.6 ± 7.5%, P bypass grafts for both groups was 4 (25th, 75th percentile: 3, 4) (P = 0.558); the complete revascularization rates were 94.6 and 97.3%, respectively (not significant [NS]); the acute patency rates were 98.9 and 99.2%, respectively (NS); and the 30-day mortality rates were 2.7 and 0%, respectively (NS). No instances of either cerebrovascular complications or newly occurring postoperative renal failure were noted in either group. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups with respect to early and mid-term results (freedom from all

  6. Thrombelastographic hypercoagulability and antiplatelet therapy after coronary artery bypass surgery (TEG-CABG trial)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rafiq, Sulman; Johansson, Pär I; Kofoed, Klaus F

    2017-01-01

    , and death compared to aspirin monotherapy in hypercoagulable patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. A total of 1683 patients were screened for eligibility, among which 165 patients were randomized and 133 patients underwent multislice computed tomography scan to evaluate their grafts...... trial to test the hypothesis of intensified antiplatelet therapy in hypercoagulable patients. Due to the low enrollment and high loss to follow up, our results can only be viewed as hypothesis generating. We found a high rate of graft occlusions in this patient population. Our results were...

  7. Arachnoid Membrane Suturing for Prevention of Subdural Fluid Collection in Extracranial-intracranial Bypass Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Gun Woo; Joo, Sung Pil; Kim, Tae Sun; Moon, Hyung Sik; Jang, Jae Won; Seo, Bo Ra; Lee, Jung Kil; Kim, Jae Hyoo; Kim, Soo Han

    2014-06-01

    Water-tight closure of the dura in extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass is impossible because the superficial temporal artery (STA) must run through the dural defect. Consequently, subdural hygroma and subcutaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection frequently occur postoperatively. To reduce these complications, we prospectively performed suturing of the arachnoid membrane after STA-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) and evaluated the clinical usefulness. Between Mar. 2005 and Oct. 2010, extracranial-intracranial arterial bypass (EIAB) with/without encephalo-myo-synangiosis was performed in 88 cases (male : female = 53 : 35). As a control group, 51 patients (57 sides) underwent conventional bypass surgery without closure of the arachnoid membrane. Postoperative computed tomography (CT) scan was performed twice in three days and seven days later, respectively, for evaluation of the presence of subdural fluid collection and other mass lesions. The surgical result was excellent, with no newly developing ischemic event until recent follow-up. The additional time needed for arachnoid suture was five to ten minutes, when three to eight sutures were required. Post-operative subdural fluid collection was not seen on follow-up computed tomography scans in all patients. Arachnoid suturing is simple, safe, and effective for prevention of subdural fluid collection in EC-IC bypass surgery, especially the vulnerable ischemic hemisphere.

  8. Relationship Between Successful Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass Surgeries and Ischemic White Matter Hyperintensities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagm, Alhusain; Horiuchi, Tetsuyoshi; Ito, Kiyoshi; Hongo, Kazuhiro

    2016-07-01

    Few studies have described regression of white matter hyperintensities (WMHs); however, no studies have described their recurrence or fluctuation. Thus, we aimed to study the course of WMHs on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) magnetic resonance image (MRI) after extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery and its correlation with the clinical outcome. We enrolled perioperative FLAIR MRIs of 12 patients with WMHs who underwent EC-IC bypass surgeries because of ischemic-vascular stenosis with postoperative improvement of the cerebral blood flow confirmed by (123)I-iodoamphetamine single-photon emission computed tomography. Correlation between WMHs and cerebral blood flow was confirmed by perioperative single-photon emission computed tomography and diffusion-weighted imaging MRI. The WMHs were assessed visually with meticulous volumetric grading. Depending on postoperative changes among different grades, the WMHs course was determined to be improved, fluctuating, worsened, or unchanged. A statistical analysis was performed on the course of WMHs over time. Imaging analysis was done with FLAIR MRI in 12 patients. The course of WMHs over time was 41.7% improvement, 33.3% fluctuation, 16.7% unchanged, and 8.3% worsening of the deep WMHs. After unilateral bypass surgery, 80% of the improved WMHs occurred bilaterally. Among patients with improved clinical outcomes, 16.7% showed improvement and 33.3% showed fluctuation, whereas in patients with unchanged clinical outcomes, 25% showed improvement of their WMHs on follow-up FLAIR MRIs. This study might be considered the first step to find a relationship between successful EC-IC bypass surgeries and the course of ischemic WMHs. It could also open the door for further studies to make more solid conclusions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Bypass Surgery for Complex Intracranial Aneurysms: 15 Years of Experience at a Single Institution and Review of Pertinent Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ban, Seung Pil; Cho, Won-Sang; Kim, Jeong Eun; Kim, Chang Hyeun; Bang, Jae Seung; Son, Young-Je; Kang, Hyun-Seung; Kwon, O-Ki; Oh, Chang Wan; Han, Moon Hee

    2017-12-01

    Bypass surgery is a treatment option for complex intracranial aneurysms. To determine the utility of bypass surgery for the treatment of complex intracranial aneurysms and to review the literature on this topic. Sixty-two patients were included in this retrospective study. Unruptured aneurysms were dominant (80.6%), and the internal carotid artery was the most common location of the aneurysm (56.4%), followed by the middle cerebral artery (21.0%). The mean maximal diameter of the aneurysms was 20.5 ± 11.4 mm. The clinical and angiographic states were evaluated preoperatively, immediately after surgery (within 3 days) and at the last follow-up. The mean angiographic and clinical follow-up duration was 34.2 ± 38.9 and 46.5 ± 42.5 months, respectively. Sixty-one patients (98.3%) underwent extracranial-intracranial bypass, and 1 underwent intracranial-intracranial bypass. At the last follow-up angiography, 58 aneurysms (93.5%) were completely obliterated and 4 were incompletely obliterated, with a graft patency of 90.3%. Surgical mortality was 0 and permanent morbidity was 8.1%. A good clinical outcome (Karnofsky Performance Scale ≥ 70 and modified Rankin Scale score ≤ 2) was achieved in 91.9% of patients (n = 57). With a proper selection of bypass type, bypass-associated treatment can be a good alternative for patients with complex intracranial aneurysms when conventional microsurgical clipping or endovascular intervention is not feasible.

  10. How safe is it to train residents to perform off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Tanya A; Asimakopoulos, George

    2015-05-01

    A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was, in [patients undergoing off-pump CABG] are [postoperative mortality and morbidity outcomes] acceptable when performed by [trainees]? Altogether more than 597 papers were found using the reported search, of which 8 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. Six retrospective cohort studies directly compared the performance of trainees and experienced surgeons in off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Of the remaining papers, one recorded the performance of trainees in on- and off-pump operations and finally one paper evaluated a single trainee's performance in off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery, both supervised and unsupervised, over a 1-year period. It is important to note that the two respective cohort studies included in our analysis compared similar cohorts of patients. However, both studies were included in our paper as they provide additional information regarding trainee performance. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. Although a heterogeneous range of postoperative complications were recorded in the identified studies, we were able to determine that, overall, there was no significant difference in the 30-day mortality seen in operations performed by trainees or experienced surgeons. The incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke were also similar among cases performed by both groups. However, senior surgeons were more likely to operate on patients with more complex or severe disease, or those requiring more urgent operations. Therefore, it was not possible to directly compare outcomes between trainees and experienced surgeons in operations of similar complexity. However, we conclude that despite the absence of randomized controlled trials comparing the performance of trainees and

  11. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Palleja, Albert; Kashani, Alireza; Allin, Kristine Højgaard

    2016-01-01

    undergone RYGB, their gut microbiota featured an increased diversity, an altered composition, an increased potential for oxygen tolerance, and an increased potential for microbial utilization of macro- and micro-nutrients. These changes were maintained for the first year post-RYGB.......Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective means to achieve sustained weight loss for morbidly obese individuals. Besides rapid weight reduction, patients achieve major improvements of insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis. Dysbiosis of gut microbiota has been associated...... with obesity and some of its co-morbidities, like type 2 diabetes, and major changes of gut microbial communities have been hypothesized to mediate part of the beneficial metabolic effects observed after RYGB. Here we describe changes in gut microbial taxonomic composition and functional potential following...

  12. Doxycycline reduces cardiac matrix metalloproteinase-2 activity but does not ameliorate myocardial dysfunction during reperfusion in coronary artery bypass patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulze, Costas J; Castro, Michele M; Kandasamy, Arulmozhi D; Cena, Jonathan; Bryden, Courtney; Wang, Shoa H; Koshal, Arvind; Tsuyuki, Ross T; Finegan, Barry A; Schulz, Richard

    2013-11-01

    Matrix metalloproteinase-2 proteolyzes intracellular proteins in the heart and induces acute myocardial contractile dysfunction in ischemia-reperfusion injury. Doxycycline, a matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor, prevented matrix metalloproteinase-2-induced troponin I cleavage in rat hearts and improved contractile function following ischemia-reperfusion. In patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, increased atrial matrix metalloproteinase-2 activity was inversely correlated with cardiac mechanical function at 3 hours reperfusion. We performed a study in patients with coronary artery disease undergoing primary elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass to determine whether doxycycline reduces cardiac mechanical dysfunction, matrix metalloproteinase activity, and troponin I degradation after reperfusion. Randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. University of Alberta Hospital. Forty-two patients with coronary artery disease undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients were randomized to receive either oral administration of 20 mg of doxycycline or matching placebo pill twice a day at least 2 days prior to surgery, on the day of surgery, and for the first 3 postoperative days. Left ventricular stroke work index was examined prior to cardiopulmonary bypass and at 24 hours reperfusion. Right atrial biopsies were collected before cardiopulmonary bypass and 10 minutes after aortic cross-clamp release to determine matrix metalloproteinase-2 activity and troponin I level. Blood was collected to determine matrix metalloproteinase activity and interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, and troponin I levels. Cardiac 72-kDa matrix metalloproteinase-2 activity was lower upon reperfusion in biopsies from the doxycycline group (p = 0.01), and the increase of matrix metalloproteinase-2 activity in the placebo group due to reperfusion did not appear in the

  13. Conventional hemofiltration during cardiopulmonary bypass increases the serum lactate level in adult cardiac surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabie Soliman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the effect of hemofiltration during cardiopulmonary bypass on lactate level in adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery. Design: An observational study. Setting: Prince Sultan cardiac center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Participants: The study included 283 patients classified into two groups: Hemofiltration group (n=138, hemofiltration was done during CPB. Control group (n = 145, patients without hemofiltration. Interventions: Hemofiltration during cardiopulmonary bypass. Measurements and Main Results: Monitors included hematocrit, lactate levels, mixed venous oxygen saturation, amount of fluid removal during hemofiltration and urine output. The lactate elevated in group H than group C (P < 0.05, and the PH showed metabolic acidosis in group H (P < 0.05. The mixed venous oxygen saturation decreased in group H than group C (P < 0.05. The number of transfused packed red blood cells was lower in group H than group C (P < 0.05. The hematocrit was higher in group H than group C (P < 0.05. The urine output was lower in group H than group C (P < 0.05. Conclusions: Hemofiltration during cardiopulmonary bypass leads to hemoconcentration, elevated lactate level and increased inotropic support. There are some recommendations for hemofiltration: First; Hemofiltration should be limited for patients with impaired renal function, positive fluid balance, reduced response to diuretics or prolonged bypass time more than 2 hours. Second; Minimal amount of fluids should be administered to maintain adequate cardiac output and reduction of priming volumes is preferable to maintain controlled hemodilution. Third; it should be done before weaning of or after cardiopulmonary bypass and not during the whole time of cardiopulmonary bypass.

  14. Intracoronary administration of levosimendan in patients with acute coronary syndromes and decreased left ventricular ejection fraction undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    OpenAIRE

    CAREV, MLADEN; MARINOV, VJERA; Karanovic, Nenad; Bulat, Cristijan; KOCEN, DUBRAVKA; Lojpur, Mihajlo; COVIC, ZDENKO; IVANCEV, BOZENA; PARCINA, ZVONIMIR

    2017-01-01

    In cardiac surgery patients, intracoronary (IC) administration of levosimendan can provide optimal drug spread, enabling effective manifestation of favorable drug effects and avoiding potentially harmful systemic hypotension. This could be beneficial in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) with decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). We present ten cases of IC administration of levosimendan in ACS manifested as ST segment elevation myocardial infarction...

  15. Expression of adhesion and activation molecules on lymphocytes during open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, P; Tønnesen, Else Kirstine; Zülow, I

    1997-01-01

    Open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and abdominal surgery are associated with lymphocytopenia. We measured a panel of adhesion and activation molecules on lymphocytes to clarify possible association of CPB with increased expression of these molecules. Eight patients undergoing open......-heart surgery and eight with abdominal surgery were studied. The adhesion molecules CD11a/CD18 (LFA-1_, CD11c/CD18 and CD44 and the activation molecules CD25, CD69, CD71 and MHCII were measured, using monoclonal antibodies and flow cytometry. Lymphocytopenia was observed during CPB and for some hours after both...... open-heart and abdominal surgery. The proportion of CD11a/CD18-positive lymphocytes rose from 67.6 +/- 8% to 86.4 +/- 3% after aortic declamping (p

  16. Expression of adhesion and activation molecules on lymphocytes during open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, P; Tønnesen, Else Kirstine; Zülow, I

    1997-01-01

    Open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and abdominal surgery are associated with lymphocytopenia. We measured a panel of adhesion and activation molecules on lymphocytes to clarify possible association of CPB with increased expression of these molecules. Eight patients undergoing open-heart...... open-heart and abdominal surgery. The proportion of CD11a/CD18-positive lymphocytes rose from 67.6 +/- 8% to 86.4 +/- 3% after aortic declamping (p heart as well as abdominal operations. Thus CPB...... surgery and eight with abdominal surgery were studied. The adhesion molecules CD11a/CD18 (LFA-1_, CD11c/CD18 and CD44 and the activation molecules CD25, CD69, CD71 and MHCII were measured, using monoclonal antibodies and flow cytometry. Lymphocytopenia was observed during CPB and for some hours after both...

  17. Comparison of TIVA and Desflurane Added to a Subanaesthetic Dose of Propofol in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: Evaluation of Haemodynamic and Stress Hormone Changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didem Onk

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Increased levels of stress hormones are associated with mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG. Aim. To compare total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA and desflurane added to a subanaesthetic dose of propofol. Material and Methods. Fifty patients were enrolled in this study. Fentanyl (3–5 mcg/kg/h was started in both groups. Patients were divided into two groups. The PD group (n=25 received 1 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC desflurane anaesthesia in addition to propofol infusion (2-3 mg/kg/h, while P group (n=25 received propofol infusion (5-6 mg/kg/h only. Biochemical data, cortisol, and insulin levels were measured preoperatively (T0, after initiation of CPB but before cross-clamping the aorta (T1, after removal of the cross-clamp (T2, and at the 24th postoperative hour (T3. Results. Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure levels were significantly higher in PD group than those in P group in T1 and T2 measurements (p≤0.05. CK-MB showed a significant decrease in group P (p≤0.05. When we compared both groups, cortisol levels were significantly higher in PD group than P group (p≤0.05. Conclusion. Stress and haemodynamic responses were better controlled using TIVA than desflurane inhalation added to a subanaesthetic dose of propofol in patients undergoing CABG.

  18. Atrioventricular block in coronary artery bypass surgery: perioperative predictors and impact on mortality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Medeiros Piantá

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available AbstractIntroduction:Disturbances of the cardiac conduction system are frequent in the postoperative period of coronary artery bypass surgery. They are mostly reversible and associated with some injury of the conduction tissue, caused by the ischemic heart disease itself or by perioperative factors.Objective:Primary: investigate the association between perioperative factors and the emergence of atrioventricular block in the postoperative period of coronary artery bypass surgery. Secondary: determine the need for temporary pacing and of a permanent pacemaker in the postoperative period of coronary artery bypass surgery and the impact on hospital stay and hospital mortality.Methods:Analysis of a retrospective cohort of patients submitted to coronary artery bypass surgery from the database of the Postoperative Heart Surgery Unit of the Sao Lucas Hospital of the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, using the logistic regression method.Results:In the period from January 1996 to December 2012, 3532 coronary artery bypass surgery were carried out. Two hundred and eighty-eight (8.15% of the total sample patients had atrioventricular block during the postoperative period of coronary artery bypass surgery, requiring temporary pacing. Eight of those who had atrioventricular block progressed to implantation of a permanent pacemaker (0.23% of the total sample. Multivariate analysis revealed a significant association of atrioventricular block with age above 60 years (OR=2.34; CI 95% 1.75-3.12; P<0.0001, female gender (OR=1.37; CI 95% 1.06-1.77; P=0.015, chronic kidney disease (OR=2.05; CI 95% 1.49-2.81; P<0.0001, atrial fibrillation (OR=2.06; CI 95% 1.16-3.66; P=0.014, functional class III and IV of the New York Heart Association (OR=1.43; CI 95% 1.03-1.98; P=0.031, perioperative acute myocardial infarction (OR=1.70; CI 95% 1.26-2.29; P<0.0001 and with the use of the intra-aortic balloon in the postoperative period of coronary artery bypass

  19. Does prior coronary artery bypass surgery alter the gender gap in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome? A 20-year retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Aqeedi, Rafid Fayadh; Al Suwaidi, Jassim; Singh, Rajvir; Al Binali, Hajar A

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies demonstrated women presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have poor outcomes when compared with men 'the gender gap phenomenon'. The impact of prior coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) on women presenting with ACS is unknown. We hypothesised that the gender gap is altered in ACS patients with prior CABG. The aim of this study was to evaluate patients presenting with ACS according to their gender and history of prior CABG. Retrospective, observational (cohort) study. Data were collected from hospital-based registry of patients hospitalised with ACS in Doha, Qatar, from 1991 through 2010. The data were analysed according to their gender and history of prior CABG. A total of 16 750 consecutive patients with ACS were studied. In total, 693 (4.3%) patients had prior CABG; among them 125 (18%) patients were women. Comparisons of clinical characteristics, inhospital treatment, and outcomes, including inhospital mortality and stroke were made. Women with or without prior CABG were older, less likely to be smokers, but more likely to have diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension and renal impairment than men (p=0.001). Women were less likely to receive reperfusion and early invasive therapies. When compared with men, women without prior CABG carried higher inhospital mortality (11% vs 4.9%; p=0.001) and stroke rates (0.9% vs 0.3%; p=0.001). Female gender was independent predictor of poor outcome. Among prior CABG patients, despite the fact that women had worse baseline characteristics and were less likely to receive evidence-based therapy, there were no significant differences in mortality or stroke rates between the two groups. Consistent with the world literature, women presenting with ACS and without prior CABG had higher death rates compared with men. Patients with prior CABG had comparable death rates regardless of the gender status.

  20. Sex Effect on Obesity Indices and Metabolic Outcomes in Patients with Obese Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Type 2 Diabetes After Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery: a Preliminary Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Huajun; Zhang, Pin; Han, Xiaodong; Yu, Haoyong; Di, Jianzhong; Zou, Jianyin; Wang, Yuyu; Qian, Yingjun; Tu, Yinfang; Bao, Yuqian; Yi, Hongliang; Guan, Jian; Yin, Shankai; Jia, Weiping

    2016-11-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is an effective therapy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, little attention has been paid to the treatment goals systematically stratified by sex. The objective of this study was to assess how sex differences affect obesity indices and metabolic outcomes after RYGB surgery. A sleep questionnaire was conducted and medical histories were taken. Full-night polysomnography (PSG), anthropometric variables, and blood samples were collected. Thirty-five consecutive patients with OSA who underwent laparoscopic RYGB surgery were prospectively examined for at least 6 months were included in the study. Significant improvements (p sleep parameters (except for micro-arousal), obesity indices, and metabolic outcomes [except low-density lipoprotein in men and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in women] were obtained in men and women with OSA. Men had higher baseline triglyceride (TG) (p Sleep parameters, obesity indices, and metabolic outcomes after RYGB surgery were of similar magnitude in women and men with OSA. Alleviating sleep and obesity problems was correlated with metabolic outcomes in men and women.

  1. Two Invasive Thymomas Incidentally Found during Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navid Omidifar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Thymoma, the most common neoplasm of the anterior mediastinum, is a rare tumor of thymic epithelium that can be locally invasive. We reported 2 cases of invasive thymoma incidentally found during routine coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery at Faghihee Hospital of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences of Iran in a period of about 6 months. The 2 patients were male and above 60 years old. They had no clinical symptoms and radiological evidence of mediastinal mass before detection of the tumor during operation. For both patients mass was completely excised and sent to the laboratory. The ultimate pathological diagnosis of both masses was invasive thymoma (stage 2. There are few reports in which thymomas were found incidentally during cardiac surgery. In spite of rare coincidence, due to being asymptomatic and possibly invasive, special attention to thymus gland during cardiac surgery or other mediastinal surgery and preoperative imaging studies seem to be reasonable approach.

  2. Augmented reality-assisted bypass surgery: embracing minimal invasiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabrilo, Ivan; Schaller, Karl; Bijlenga, Philippe

    2015-04-01

    The overlay of virtual images on the surgical field, defined as augmented reality, has been used for image guidance during various neurosurgical procedures. Although this technology could conceivably address certain inherent problems of extracranial-to-intracranial bypass procedures, this potential has not been explored to date. We evaluate the usefulness of an augmented reality-based setup, which could help in harvesting donor vessels through their precise localization in real-time, in performing tailored craniotomies, and in identifying preoperatively selected recipient vessels for the purpose of anastomosis. Our method was applied to 3 patients with Moya-Moya disease who underwent superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery anastomoses and 1 patient who underwent an occipital artery-to-posteroinferior cerebellar artery bypass because of a dissecting aneurysm of the vertebral artery. Patients' heads, skulls, and extracranial and intracranial vessels were segmented preoperatively from 3-dimensional image data sets (3-dimensional digital subtraction angiography, angio-magnetic resonance imaging, angio-computed tomography), and injected intraoperatively into the operating microscope's eyepiece for image guidance. In each case, the described setup helped in precisely localizing donor and recipient vessels and in tailoring craniotomies to the injected images. The presented system based on augmented reality can optimize the workflow of extracranial-to-intracranial bypass procedures by providing essential anatomical information, entirely integrated to the surgical field, and help to perform minimally invasive procedures. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. The effect of massage therapy by patients' companions on severity of pain in the patients undergoing post coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a single-blind randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Najafi, Sied Saeed; Rast, Fazlola; Momennasab, Marzieh; Ghazinoor, Mahmood; Dehghanrad, Fereshteh; Mousavizadeh, Sied Ali

    2014-07-01

    Pain on mid sternotomy incision site after Coronary Artery Bypass  Graft  Surgery (CABG) is a common problem that causes sleep disturbance, delayed wound healing, and increased use of analgesic drugs. Massage therapy which is mostly performed by healthcare providers is a non-pharmacological approach for managing this pain. The present study aimed to determine the effect of massage therapy by patient's companion on the severity of pain in post CABG patients. In this randomized single-blind clinical trial, 70 post CABG patients were randomly divided into an intervention and a control group. The intervention group received massage by one of their relatives who was trained by an expert nurse. The control group, on the other hand, received routine care. The pain intensity was assessed by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before and immediately, 30, 60, and 120 minutes after the intervention. Then, the data were entered into the SPSS statistical software (version 16) and analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA and post-hoc test (Scheffe). At the beginning of the study, no significant difference was found between the two groups regarding the pain severity. In the intervention group, the pain severity significantly decreased in all the four time points after the intervention (P=0.001). However, no significant difference was observed in this regard in the control group. Massage therapy by patient's companion trained by a nurse was an effective strategy for pain management in post CABG patients. This could also promote the patient's family participation in the process of care. IRCT201208218505N3.

  4. Sleep Quality and Emotional Correlates in Taiwanese Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Patients 1 Week and 1 Month after Hospital Discharge: A Repeated Descriptive Correlational Study: e0136431

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pei-Lin Yang; Guey-Shiun Huang; Chien-Sung Tsai; Meei-Fang Lou

    2015-01-01

    .... Methods We used a descriptive correlational design for this study. One week after discharge, 87 patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery completed two structured questionnaires...

  5. Ischemia monitoring in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery using intravascular near-infrared spectroscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zerkowski Hans-Reinhard

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery, manipulations on the beating heart can lead to transient interruptions of myocardial oxygen supply, which can generate an accumulation of oxygen-dependent metabolites in coronary venous blood. The objective of this study was to evaluate the reliability of intravascular near-infrared spectroscopy as a monitoring method to detect possible ischemic events in off-pump coronary artery bypass procedures. Methods In 15 elective patients undergoing off-pump myocardial revascularization, intravascular near-infrared spectroscopic analysis of coronary venous blood was performed. NIR signals were transferred through a fiberoptic catheter for signal emission and collection. For data analysis and processing, a miniature spectrophotometer with multivariate statistical package was used. Signal acquisition and analysis were performed before and after revascularization. Spectroscopic data were compared with hemodynamic parameters, electrocardiogram, transesophageal echocardiography and laboratory findings. Results A conversion to extracorporeal circulation was not necessary. The mean number of grafts per patient was 3.1 ± 0.6. An intraoperative myocardial ischemia was not evident, as indicated by electrocardiogram and transesophageal echocardiography. Continuous spectroscopic analysis showed reproducible absorption spectra of coronary sinus blood. Due to uneventful intraoperative courses, clear ischemia-related changes could be detected in none of the patients. Conclusion Our initial results show that intravascular near-infrared spectroscopy can reliably be used for an online intraoperative ischemia monitoring in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. However, the method has to be further evaluated and standardized to determine the role of spectroscopy in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.

  6. The role of Rajyoga meditation for modulation of anxiety and serum cortisol in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery: A prospective randomized control study

    OpenAIRE

    Usha Kiran; Suruchi Ladha; Neeti Makhija; Poonam Malhotra Kapoor; Minati Choudhury; Sambhunath Das; Parag Gharde; Vishwas Malik; Balram Airan

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Rajyoga meditation is a form of mind body intervention that is promoted by the Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University. This form of meditation can be easily performed without rituals or mantras and can be practiced anywhere at any time. The practice of Rajyoga meditation can have beneficial effects on modulating anxiety and cortisol level in patients undergoing major cardiac surgery. Materials and Methods: A prospective randomized control study was carried out in a single ter...

  7. Attachment anxiety predicts depression and anxiety symptoms following coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidd, Tara; Poole, Lydia; Ronaldson, Amy; Leigh, Elizabeth; Jahangiri, Marjan; Steptoe, Andrew

    2016-11-01

    Depression and anxiety are associated with poor recovery in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients, but little is known about predictors of depression and anxiety symptoms. We tested the prospective association between attachment orientation, and symptoms of depression and anxiety in CABG patients, 6-8 weeks, and 12 months following surgery. One hundred and fifty-five patients who were undergoing planned CABG surgery were recruited. Patients completed questionnaires measuring attachment, depression, and anxiety prior to surgery, then 6-8 weeks, and 12 months after surgery. Attachment anxiety predicted symptoms of depression and anxiety at both follow-up time points, whereas attachment avoidance was not associated with depression or anxiety symptoms. The findings remained significant when controlling for baseline mood scores, social support, demographic, and clinical risk factors. These results suggest that attachment anxiety is associated with short-term and long-term depression and anxiety symptoms following CABG surgery. These results may offer important insight into understanding the recovery process in CABG surgery. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Depression and anxiety symptoms are twice more likely to occur in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) populations than in any other medical group. Depression and anxiety are associated with poor recovery following cardiac surgery. Predictors of depression and anxiety in CABG patients have been underexplored. What does this study add? This study highlights the importance of close interpersonal relationships on health. Attachment anxiety was prospectively associated with higher levels of depression and anxiety. These results add to understanding mechanisms linked to recovery following CABG. © 2016 The Authors. British Journal of Health Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Psychological Society.

  8. Can Combined Bypass Surgery at Middle Cerebral Artery Territory Save Anterior Cerebral Artery Territory in Adult Moyamoya Disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Won-Sang; Kim, Jeong Eun; Paeng, Jin Chul; Suh, Minseok; Kim, Yong-Il; Kang, Hyun-Seung; Son, Young Je; Bang, Jae Seung; Oh, Chang Wan

    2017-03-01

    Patients with moyamoya disease are frequently encountered with improved symptoms related to anterior cerebral artery territory (ACAt) and middle cerebral artery territory (MCAt) after bypass surgery at MCAt. To evaluate hemodynamic changes in MCAt and ACAt after bypass surgery in adult moyamoya disease. Combined bypass surgery was performed on 140 hemispheres in 126 patients with MCAt symptoms. Among them, 87 hemispheres (62.1%) accompanied preoperative ACAt symptoms. Clinical, hemodynamic, and angiographic states were evaluated preoperatively and approximately 6 months after surgery. Preoperative symptoms resolved in 127 MCAt (90.7%) and 82 ACAt (94.3%). Hemodynamic analysis of total patients showed a significant improvement in MCAt basal perfusion and reservoir capacity ( P < .001 and P = .002, respectively) and ACAt basal perfusion ( P = .001). In a subgroup analysis, 82 hemispheres that completely recovered from preoperative ACAt symptoms showed a significant improvement in MCAt basal perfusion and reservoir capacity ( P < .001 and P = .05, respectively) and ACAt basal perfusion ( P = .04). Meanwhile, 53 hemispheres that had never experienced ACAt symptoms significantly improved MCAt basal perfusion and reservoir capacity ( P < .001 and P = .05, respectively); however, no ACAt changes were observed. A qualitative angiographic analysis demonstrated a higher trend of leptomeningeal formation from MCAt to ACAt in the former subgroup ( P = .05). During follow-up, no ACAt infarctions were observed. Combined bypass surgery at MCAt resulted in hemodynamic improvements in ACAt and MCAt, especially in patients with preoperative ACAt symptoms.

  9. Thrombelastographic haemostatic status and antiplatelet therapy after coronary artery bypass surgery (TEG-CABG trial: assessing and monitoring the antithrombotic effect of clopidogrel and aspirin versus aspirin alone in hypercoagulable patients: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafiq Sulman

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hypercoagulability, assessed by the thrombelastography (TEG assay, has in several observational studies been associated with an increased risk of post-procedural thromboembolic complications. We hypothesize that intensified antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin, as compared to aspirin alone, will improve saphenous vein graft patency in preoperatively TEG-Hypercoagulable coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG patients and reduce their risk for thromboembolic complications and death postoperatively. Methods/Design This is a prospective randomized clinical trial, with an open-label design with blinded evaluation of graft patency. TEG-Hypercoagulability is defined as a TEG maximum amplitude above 69 mm. Two hundred and fifty TEG-Hypercoagulable patients will be randomized to either an interventional group receiving clopidogrel 75 mg daily for three months (after initial oral bolus of 300 mg together with aspirin 75 mg or a control group receiving aspirin 75 mg daily alone. Monitoring of antiplatelet efficacy and on-treatment platelet reactivity to clopidogrel and aspirin will be conducted with Multiplate aggregometry. Graft patency will be assessed with Multislice computed tomography (MSCT at three months after surgery. Conclusions The present trial is the first randomized clinical trial to evaluate whether TEG-Hypercoagulable CABG patients will benefit from intensified antiplatelet therapy after surgery. Monitoring of platelet inhibition from instituted antithrombotic therapy will elucidate platelet resistance patterns after CABG surgery. The results could be helpful in redefining how clinicians can evaluate patients preoperatively for their postoperative thromboembolic risk and tailor individualized postoperative antiplatelet therapy. Trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT01046942

  10. Is the number of microembolic signals related to neurologic outcome in coronary bypass surgery?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malheiros Suzana M. F.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB may potentially reduce the number of microembolic signals (MES associated with aortic manipulation or generated by the pump circuit, resulting in a better neurologic outcome after surgery. Our aim was to compare the frequency of MES and neurologic complications in CABG with and without CPB. Twenty patients eligible to routine CABG without CPB were randomized to surgery with CPB and without CPB and continuously monitored by transcranial Doppler. Neurologic examination was performed in all patients before and after surgery. The two groups were similar with respect to demographics, risk factors, grade of aortic atheromatous disease and number of grafts. The frequency of MES in the nonCPB group was considerably lower than in CPB patients, however, we did not observe any change in the neurologic examination during the early postoperative period. Neurologic complications after CABG may be related to the size and composition of MES rather than to their absolute numbers. A large prospective multicentric randomized trial may help to elucidate this complex issue.

  11. Posttraumatic growth in post-surgical coronary artery bypass graft patients

    OpenAIRE

    Waight, Catherine A; Esben Strodl; Judith Sheridan; Peter Tesar

    2015-01-01

    Recent research in posttraumatic growth has been applied to people with life-threatening illnesses to optimise recovery. There is a lack of research exploring posttraumatic growth in coronary artery bypass graft patients. This article describes the recovery experience of 14 coronary artery bypass graft patients (13 males and 1 female) at their first outpatient review post-surgery. Grounded theory analysis was used to develop a model of distinct and shared pathways to growth depending on wheth...

  12. Graft patency after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery is inferior even with identical heparinization protocols

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Houlind, Kim Christian; Fenger-Grøn, Morten; Juel Holme, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine whether graft patency after on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery is similar when performed using the same heparinization protocol. METHODS: In a randomized, controlled, multicenter trial, 900 patients more than 70 years of age received either on-pump or off......-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. Heparin was given to achieve an activated clotting time of 400 seconds before arteriotomy in both groups. After the procedure, protamine sulfate was given to revert the activated clotting time to less than 120 seconds. Coronary angiography was performed 6 months after...

  13. Reference change values of plasma and urine NGAL in cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bataille, Aurélien; Tiepolo, Ambre; Robert, Tiphaine; Boutten, Anne; Longrois, Dan; Dehoux, Monique; Provenchère, Sophie

    2017-09-23

    As with any biomarker, interpretation of changes of NGAL concentration must consider its variability in a specific clinical setting. The aim of this study was to calculate the reference change value (RCV) and the index of individuality (II) of plasma and urine NGAL in the context of coronary artery bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, in patients without postoperative acute kidney injury. This prospective single-center observational study included patients with a preoperative glomerular filtration rate of >30mlmin(-1) 1.73m(-2), scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass graft with cardiopulmonary bypass and free from postoperative renal injury according to KDIGO criteria during hospital stay or a plasma creatinine Δ<0 (Δ=day1-induction). Plasma and urine NGAL were measured at anesthesia induction, 4h after intensive care admission and on the first and 2nd postoperative day and normalized to plasma proteins or urine creatinine. The RCV was given by the formula: 1.96×√2×√(CVa(2)+CVi(2)), were CVi is the intra-individual variability and CVa the reported analytical coefficient of variation of 5%. The II was calculated using the formula II=CVi/CVg for the four previous parameters, where CVg is the inter-individual variability. Of the 100 patients enrolled in the study, 73 or 25 were considered free from acute kidney injury (KDIGO and Δ creatinine criteria, respectively) and included in the analysis. The RCV was 104% and 109% for plasma NGAL and 321% and 608% for urine NGAL. The II was <0.6 for both plasma and urine NGAL. In patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting with normal post-operative kidney function, two-fold change in plasma NGAL and three to six-fold change in urine NGAL occur. In this specific clinical context, pathological variations must consider this biological "noise" for correct interpretation. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  14. Chronologic Evaluation of Cerebral Hemodynamics by Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging After Indirect Bypass Surgery for Moyamoya Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, Yosuke; Tanaka, Yoji; Momose, Toshiya; Yamashina, Motoshige; Sato, Akihito; Wakabayashi, Shinichi; Maehara, Taketoshi; Nariai, Tadashi

    2017-12-01

    Although indirect bypass surgery is an effective treatment option for patients with ischemic-onset moyamoya disease (MMD), the time point after surgery at which the patient's hemodynamic status starts to improve and the time point at which the improvement reaches a maximum have not been known. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the hemodynamic status time course after indirect bypass surgery for MMD, using dynamic susceptibility contrast-magnetic resonance imaging (DSC-MRI). We retrospectively analyzed the cases of 25 patients with MMD (37 sides; mean age, 14.7 years; range, 3-36 years) who underwent indirect bypass surgery and repeated DSC-MRI measurement within 6 months after the operation. The difference in the mean transit time (MTT) between the target regions and the control region (cerebellum) was termed the MTT delay, and we measured the MTT delay's chronologic changes after surgery. The postoperative MTT delay was 1.81 ± 1.16 seconds within 1 week after surgery, 1.57 ± 1.01 at weeks 1-2, 1.55 ± 0.68 at weeks 2-4, 1.32 ± 0.68 at months 1-2, 0.95 ± 0.32 at months 2-3, and 0.77 ± 0.33 at months 3-6. Compared with the preoperative value (2.11 ± 0.98 seconds), the MTT delay decreased significantly from 2 to 4 weeks after surgery (P < 0.05). The amelioration of cerebral hemodynamics by indirect bypass surgery began soon after surgery and gradually reached a maximum at 3 months after surgery. DSC-MRI detected small changes in hemodynamic improvement, which are suspected to be caused by the initiation of angiogenesis and arteriogenesis in the early postoperative period. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  15. Myocardial ischaemia during coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Myocardial mortality and morbidity during cardiac surgery is a devastating emotional phenomenon for both the medical team and the patient's family, often leading to dire financial consequences. Multiorgan dysfunction as a result of the effects of the neurohumoral system, triggered by surgery, anaesthesia, cardiopulmonary ...

  16. MDCT angiography of mesenteric bypass surgery for the treatment of chronic mesenteric ischemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopera, Jorge E; Trimmer, Clayton K; Lamba, Ramit; Suri, Rajeev; Cura, Marco A; El-Merhi, Fadi M; Kroma, Ghazwan

    2009-11-01

    Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is a serious condition that requires surgical or endovascular intervention. Surgical revascularization for the treatment of CMI uses different operative techniques including endarterectomy, vessel reimplantation, and mesenteric bypass. A basic understanding of the operative techniques is essential for the adequate interpretation of imaging studies in patients who have undergone surgery for CMI. In this article, we review the different operative techniques used in the treatment of CMI, discuss the results of surgical intervention for CMI, and illustrate how MDCT angiography (MDCTA) can be used for follow-up and for the detection of early and late complications after surgery. MDCTA is a powerful tool for the postoperative evaluation of patients with CMI. Early detection of graft dysfunction is critical to prevent graft occlusion and the development of potentially fatal mesenteric ischemia. MDCTA can detect early and late complications after surgery and guide additional surgical or endovascular interventions.

  17. Effects of a pre-operative home-based inspiratory muscle training programme on perceived health-related quality of life in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valkenet, K; Trappenburg, J C A; Hulzebos, E H; van Meeteren, N L U; Backx, F J G

    2017-09-01

    Pre-operative inspiratory muscle training has been shown to decrease the incidence of postoperative pneumonia and length of hospital stay in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). This study investigated if this decrease acted as a mediator on the time course of quality of life. Complementary analyses of a published randomised controlled trial. The initial trial included patients awaiting CABG surgery at a Dutch university hospital. The secondary analyses used data from the initial trial for patients who had completed at least one quality-of-life questionnaire. Participants were allocated at random to the intervention group or the usual care group. The intervention group followed a home-based pre-operative inspiratory muscle training programme. Quality of life was measured at five time points. Between-group differences in quality-of-life scores were analysed using mixed linear modelling. The secondary analyses used data for 235 patients. In line with the initial trial, pneumonia and length of hospital stay were decreased significantly in the intervention group. The time courses for all patients showed significant improvements in quality of life after surgery compared with baseline. No significant differences in quality of life were observed over time between the two groups. Despite decreased incidence of pneumonia and length of hospital stay in the intervention group, this study did not find any improvements in quality of life due to the pre-operative home-based inspiratory muscle training programme. Clinical trial registration number ISRCTN17691887. Copyright © 2016 Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Hemodynamic effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment immediately after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O-Yurvati, Albert H; Carnes, Michael S; Clearfield, Michael B; Stoll, Scott T; McConathy, Walter J

    2005-10-01

    Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a common procedure for patients with coronary artery disease. The physiologic effects of postoperative osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) following CABG have not been documented previously. To determine the effects of OMT on cardiac hemodynamics post-CABG surgery. Pilot prospective clinical study (N=29). Treatment subjects (n=10) undergoing CABG surgery were recruited for postoperative OMT. The primary assessment compared, pre-OMT versus post-OMT, measurements of thoracic impedance, mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2), and cardiac index. Records of control subjects (n=19) who underwent CABG surgery--but who did not receive OMT--were assessed for SvO2 and cardiac index at 1 hour and 2 hours postsurgery. Immediately following CABG surgery (treatment occurred while subjects were completely anesthetized. A post-OMT increase in thoracic impedance (P cardiac index (P cardiac index (P cardiac function and perfusion indicated that OMT had a beneficial effect on the recovery of patients after CABG surgery. The authors conclude that OMT has immediate, beneficial hemodynamic effects after CABG surgery when administered while the patient is sedated and pharmacologically paralyzed.

  19. Atrial fibrillation and flutter following coronary artery bypass graft surgery: A retrospective study and review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shyamal Premaratne

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and objectives Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Its incidence can range from 10 to 60% of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft. This rhythm can result in shorter or longer intervals between beats. Methods Medical records of 143 patients from the Queen’s Medical Center, Kuakini Medical Center, Saint Francis Medical Center, and Straub Hospital and Clinic, all of which are located in Honolulu, Hawaii were reviewed. An additional 39 records of patients who did not develop these complications were also reviewed as a control group. Patients were selected according to the ICD codes for atrial fibrillation/flutter and coronary artery bypass graft. Both anomalies can lead to increased health care costs, morbidity, and mortality. In this study, possible predisposing factors to these complications were investigated. The time of onset, weight gain, elapsed time, fluid status (in/out, hematocrit, and drug regimens were compared between the two groups. Results The differences in weight gain, fluid status, and hematocrit between the groups were not significant. There were a total of 17 different drugs prescribed to the group as a whole but not every patient received the same regimen. Conclusions Atrial fibrillation and flutter were found to be more common in males, particularly between the ages of 60 and 69 years. There were no other significant findings.

  20. Krukenberg tumor after gastric bypass for morbid obesity. Bariatric surgery and gastric cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menéndez, Pablo; Villarejo, Pedro; Padilla, David

    2013-01-01

    Gastric bypass is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in bariatric surgery. A neoplasm within the gastric pouch is a somewhat infrequent complication but with important survival consequences. We present the case of a 51-year-old woman who developed an adenocarcinoma in the bypassed stomach three years after bariatric surgery; the tumour was incidentally discovered after gynaecological surgery for uterine myomas. Various diagnostic modalities for the excluded stomach were analysed.

  1. Single photon emission tomography imaging of myocardial oxidative metabolism with 15-(p-iodophenyl)pentadecanoic acid in patients with coronary artery disease and aorta-coronary bypass graft surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kropp, J.; Reichmann, K.; Biersach, H.J. (Bonn Univ. (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Klinische und Experimentelle Nuklearmedizin); Likungu, J.; Kirchhoff, P.G. (Bonn Univ. (Germany, F.R.). Klinik fuer Herz- und Gefaesschirurgie); Knapp, F.F. Jr. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA). Nuclear Medicine Group); Reske, S.N. (Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany, F.R.). Abt. fuer Nuklearmedizin)

    1991-07-01

    A total of 29 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) were investigated with 15-(p-iodophenyl)-pentadecanoic acid I123 ({sup 123}I-IPPA) and sequential single photon emission tomography (SPET). Of these, 19 were studied after aorto-coronary bypass graft surgery. Some 13 patients without evidence of CAD served as a control group. Two SPET studies (early and late) were carried out within 45 min after intravenous administration of 200 MBq {sup 123}I-IPPA at peak sub-maximal exercise. Semi-quantification of uptake (related to perfusion) and turnover (linked to metabolism) was obtained by segmental comparison of oblique slices. Taking coronary arteriography as the 'gold standard', {sup 123}I-IPPA scintigraphy had the following figures of merit for sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of CAD: for the left anterior descending artery territory 93% and 95%, for the left circumflex artery region 96% and 92%, and for the right coronary artery territory 77% and 92%, respectively. In all, 90% of the reperfused myocardial segments showed an improvement of uptake. Of these, 61% exhibited increased turnover after revascularization and 39% had pathologic turnover and thus a dissociation of improvement of perfusion and oxidative metabolism after surgery. (orig.).

  2. Comparison of the Effects of Religious Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (RCBT), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), and Sertraline on Depression and Anxiety in Patients after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosseini, Seyed Hamzeh; Rafiei, Alireza; Gaemian, Ali; Tirgari, Abdolhakim; Zakavi, Aliasghar; Yazdani, Jamshid; Bolhari, Jafar; Golzari, Mahmood; Esmaeili Douki, Zahra; Vaezzadeh, Nazanin

    2017-07-01

    Objective: The present study aimed at comparing the effects of Religious Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (RCBT), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), and sertraline on depression, anxiety, biomarker levels, and quality of life in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Method: This was a randomized controlled trial with parallel groups. A total of 160 patients after CABG surgery will be screened for anxiety and depression according to clinical interviews based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria and Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) scores (≥ 8). To assess religious attitude, Golriz and Baraheni's Religious Attitude questionnaire will be used. Participants will be randomly allocated to 4 groups of 40 including 3 intervention groups (RCBT, CBT, and sertraline) and 1 control group (usual care). RCBT and CBT programs will consist of 12 one-hour weekly sessions. The participants in the pharmacological intervention group will receive 25-200 mg/d of sertraline for 3 months. The Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) will be administered to assess the patients' quality of life. Blood samples will be taken and biomarker levels will be determined using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The primary outcome will be reduction in anxiety and depression scores after the interventions. The secondary outcomes will be increase in quality of life scores and normalized biomarker levels after the interventions. Discussion: If RCBT is found to be more effective than the other methods; it can be used to improve patients' health status after CABG surgery. Irct ID: IRCT201404122898N5.

  3. Efficacy of Tolvaptan on Fluid Management After Cardiovascular Surgery Using Cardiopulmonary Bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Hisato; Mizumoto, Toru; Tempaku, Hironori; Fujinaga, Kazuya; Sawada, Yasuhiro; Shimpo, Hideto

    2016-12-01

    To investigate the efficacy of the selective vasopressin V2-receptor antagonist tolvaptan in postoperative fluid management after cardiovascular surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass. A retrospective cohort study. A tertiary care center. The study comprised 99 patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass. Oral tolvaptan was administered after surgery. Fifty-one patients treated with tolvaptan were compared with 48 patients treated with intravenous diuretics. Urine volume, the time interval until the patients' body weight returned to the preoperative value, and the length of oxygen dependency after extubation were assessed as surrogate markers for resolution of fluid overload. Urine output on postoperative days 1 and 2 was significantly higher in the tolvaptan-treated patients (29.2 v 20.1 mL/kg/day, p = 0.001; 43.0 v 27.4 mL/kg/day, ptolvaptan-treated patients compared with 33 patients treated with intravenous diuretics (96.1% v 68.8%, ptolvaptan-treated patients (5 v 7 days, p = 0.006). The length of oxygen dependency after extubation also was shorter in the tolvaptan-treated patients (2 v 3 days, p = 0.006). The urine osmolarity reduction rate before and 4 hours after the first dose of tolvaptan emerged as a significant predictor of its efficacy with a cutoff point of 33.7%, sensitivity of 0.73, and specificity of 0.67 (p = 0.030). Tolvaptan facilitated early improvement of postoperative fluid overload after cardiovascular surgery. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Coping strategies and adaptation to coronary artery bypass surgery as experienced by three couples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitsitt, David R

    2012-01-01

    Coping strategies affect the psychosocial adaptation of couples in which one of the partners has undergone coronary artery bypass grafting. Research has focused on coping strategies of patients and spouses as individuals, but little is known about how couples cope with this procedure. The purpose of this study was to understand couples' coping strategies and their influence on adaptation to bypass surgery. Three couples were recruited from the Cardiac Wellness Institute of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. The descriptive phenomenological psychological method was used to analyze data from 2 interviews with each couple. The analysis revealed a single structure that described the couples' lived experiences. The structure and interview data revealed coping strategies and key factors influencing adaptation postsurgery. Coping strategies, such as redefining the illness, seeking spiritual support, and partnering, enhanced psychosocial adaptation for couples. In addition, marital quality, coping congruence, and shared meaning contributed to effective coping and better adaptation. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Prevalence of claustrophobia and magnetic resonance imaging after coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Katznelson

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Rita Katznelson1, George N Djaiani2, Leonid Minkovich1, Ludwik Fedorko1, Jo Carroll3, Michael A Borger4, Robert J Cusimano5, Jacek Karski21Assistant Professor of Anesthesia; 2Associate Professor of Anesthesia; 3Registered Nurse, Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine; 4Associate Professor of Surgery; 5Assistant Professor of Surgery, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, CanadaBackground: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of claustrophobia in patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery.Methods: After IRB approval, we conducted a substudy of a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial of 311 patients evaluating administration of tranexamic acid and early saphenous vein graft patency with MRI after conventional CABG surgery. Chest tube drainage was measured at 6, 12, and 24 hours after surgery. The rate of transfusion and the amount of red blood cells (RBC, fresh frozen plasma (FFP, and platelets transfused were recorded.Results: A total of 237(76% patients underwent MRI after surgery. 39 (14%, [95% CI, 10.2 to 18.0] patients experienced severe anxiety caused by a fear of enclosed space in the MRI coil necessitating termination of the procedure. Patients with claustrophobia were on average 5 years younger. They were more likely to have diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Patients with claustrophobia had increased chest tube drainage during the postoperative period. The rate of blood product transfusion was similar between the two groups but patients with claustrophobia who were transfused received significantly more RBC and FFP than patients without claustrophobia.Conclusions: Postoperative claustrophobia and anxiety, leading to inability to undergo MRI, may be more common than previously described.Keywords: Claustrophobia, magnetic resonance imaging, cardiac surgery, bleeding

  6. Standard blood flow rates of cardiopulmonary bypass are adequate in awake on-pump cardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porizka, Michal; Stritesky, Martin; Semrad, Michal; Dobias, Milos; Dohnalova, Alena; Korinek, Josef

    2011-04-01

    Standard blood flow rates for cardiopulmonary bypass have been assumed to be the same for awake cardiac surgery with thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) as for general anesthesia. However, compared with general anesthesia, awake cardiac surgery with epidural anesthesia may be associated with higher oxygen consumption and may result in lactic acidosis when standard blood flow rates were used. The aim of our study was to investigate if standard blood flow rates are adequate in awake cardiac surgery. Forty-five patients undergoing elective on-pump cardiac surgery were assigned to receive either epidural (Group TEA, n=15), combined (Group TEA-GA, n=15) or general (Group GA, n=15) anesthesia. To monitor the adequacy of standard blood flow rates, arterial lactate, acid base parameters, and central venous and jugular bulb saturation were measured at six time points (before, during, and after the surgery) in all groups. Blood flow rates were adjusted when needed. No lactic acidosis has developed in any group (p=NS). TEA as compared with TEA-GA and GA groups had lower central venous (67±4%, 75±11%, and 72±13%, respectively, pflow rates adjustments in any study group and no ventilatory support in TEA group were required. Under careful monitoring, the use of standard blood flow rates is adequate for patients undergoing awake on-pump normothermic cardiac surgery. Copyright © 2010 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Increased concentrations of L-lactate in the rectal lumen in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perner, A; Jørgensen, V L; Poulsen, T D

    2005-01-01

    Gut ischaemia may contribute to morbidity in patients after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), but little is known about the metabolic state of the large bowel in such patients. Therefore we estimated the concentrations of L-lactate and Pco(2) in rectal mucosa in patients undergoing cardiac surgery...

  8. Left Atrial Myxoma Following Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting with Patient Coronary Arterial Grafts: a Rarity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Kartik; Rahul, Kumar; Tarsaria, Malkesh; Malhotra, Amber

    2017-01-01

    The development of left atrial myxoma after coronary artery bypass graft surgery is a rare entity. A 60-year-old man with previous off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting four years ago with patent coronary grafts was diagnosed with left atrial mass. The patient underwent successful resection of the same through minimally invasive right anterolateral thoracotomy. Histopathology of the atrial mass confirmed the diagnosis of atrial myxoma.

  9. The role of dumping syndrome in weight loss after gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, Ambar; Ding, Yi; Mikami, Dean J; Needleman, Bradley J

    2013-05-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is the most commonly performed operation for the treatment of morbid obesity in the US. Dumping syndrome is an expected and desired part of the behavior modification caused by gastric bypass surgery; it can deter patients from consuming energy-dense food. In this study we assessed the role dumping has in weight loss and its relationship with the patient's eating behavior. Fifty patients who underwent gastric bypass between January 2008 and June 2008 were enrolled. Two questionnaires, the dumping syndrome questionnaire and the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), were used to record the patients' responses. The diagnosis of dumping syndrome was based on the Sigstad scoring system, where a score of 7 and above was considered positive. TFEQ evaluated the patients' eating behavior under three scales: cognitive restraint, uncontrolled eating, and emotional eating. The results were analyzed with descriptive and parametric statistics where applicable. The prevalence of dumping syndrome was 42 %, with 66.7 % of the subjects being women. The nondumpers were observed to have a greater mean decrease in body mass index than the dumpers at 1 and 2 years (18.5 and 17.8 vs. 14.4 and 13.7 respectively). There was no definite relationship between the presence of dumping syndrome and the eating behavior of the patient. However, the cognitive restraint scores, greater than 80 %, were associated with an average decrease in BMI of 19 and 20.8 at 1 and 2 years compared with 14.6 and 12.4 in those with scores less than 80 % (p = 0.01 and p = 0.03, respectively). The presence of dumping syndrome after gastric bypass does not influence weight loss, though eating behaviors may directly influence it.

  10. Exercise and Weight Loss Improve Muscle Mitochondrial Respiration, Lipid Partitioning, and Insulin Sensitivity After Gastric Bypass Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Coen, Paul M.; Menshikova, Elizabeth V.; Distefano, Giovanna; Zheng, Donghai; Tanner, Charles J.; Standley, Robert A.; Helbling, Nicole L.; Dubis, Gabriel S.; Ritov, Vladimir B.; Xie, Hui; Desimone, Marisa E.; Smith, Steven R.; Stefanovic-Racic, Maja; Toledo, Frederico G.S.; Houmard, Joseph A.

    2015-01-01

    Both Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery and exercise can improve insulin sensitivity in individuals with severe obesity. However, the impact of RYGB with or without exercise on skeletal muscle mitochondria, intramyocellular lipids, and insulin sensitivity index (SI) is unknown. We conducted a randomized exercise trial in patients (n = 101) who underwent RYGB surgery and completed either a 6-month moderate exercise (EX) or a health education control (CON) intervention. SI was determined b...

  11. Revisional bariatric surgery in a transplant patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salman Al Sabah

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: Bariatric surgery is a safe and effective procedure to assist renal transplant patients in losing weight. In addition, it has proven to be effective in the management of the co-morbidities that are associated with renal failure. Our study was also able to prove that converting form an SG to a bypass in a transplant patient is a safe and feasible option.

  12. Guillain-Barré Syndrome after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: a Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hekmat, Manouchehr; Ghaderi, Hamid; Foroughi, Mahnoosh; Mirjafari, S Adeleh

    2016-01-01

    Guillain-Barre syndrome is a neurologic disorder that may appear after infection or major surgery. Guillain-Barré syndrome following cardiac surgery is rare and only based on case reports, and we review all of the published cases. A 52-year-old man after 5 months suffering from chest pain was referred to our hospital and underwent coronary artery bypass graft for 3 vessel disease. The patient was discharged without complication on the 5th postoperative day. He presented Guillain-Barré syndrome after 12 months. He has not completely recovered weakness of upper extremities grade 4/5 with atrophy of both upper extremities remains after 18 months. This disorder is similar to classic GBS. It is important to be alert to de novo autoimmune neurological disorders after cardiac surgery. These disorders are similar to classic autoimmune disease and treated with standard therapies.

  13. Eptifibatide infusion versus placebo in high risk patients with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes managed with urgent coronary artery bypass graft surgery. A prospective multicenter randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilczynski, Mirosław; Wybraniec, Maciej T; Milewski, Krzysztof; Sanak, Marek; Wita, Krystian; Buldak, Łukasz; Kondys, Marek; Buszman, Paweł; Bochenek, Andrzej

    2016-02-01

    This randomized prospective clinical trial aimed to evaluate safety and efficacy of preoperative use of eptifibatide in high risk patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), requiring urgent coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). A total of 140 patients with NSTE-ACS eligible for urgent surgical revascularization received either eptifibatide (bolus plus infusion) 12-48 hours prior to surgery (N.=72 patients) or placebo (normal saline; N.=68 patients) followed by routinely administered enoxaparin and aspirin. Patients were regarded as unsuitable for percutaneous coronary intervention by the heart team. CABG was performed 4 hours after discontinuation of eptifibatide or placebo infusion. The primary end point was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) defined as death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), stroke and the need for rehospitalization due to recurrent ischemia at 12-month follow-up. Secondary endpoints included MACCE rate at 1 month, bleeding complications, platelet inhibition efficacy and correlation of platelet activity with MACCE rate. Cumulative one year MACCE rate was 35% vs. 14% in the control and treated group respectively (P=0.012). Mortality rate at 30 days follow-up was 10% vs. 3% (P=0.021) and was not changed at 12-month follow-up. There was a significant difference between both groups regarding perioperative MI (22% vs. 8%, P=0.03). The rates of stroke, blood loss and blood transfusion were similar in both groups. Preoperative use of eptifibatide vs. placebo is linked to significantly reduced 12-month MACCE rate in patients with NSTE-ACS requiring urgent CABG, while it simultaneously seems not to confer a greater risk of postoperative bleeding.

  14. The effect of epsilon-aminocaproic acid and aprotinin on fibrinolysis and blood loss in patients undergoing primary, isolated coronary artery bypass surgery: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, noninferiority trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greilich, Philip E; Jessen, Michael E; Satyanarayana, Neeraj; Whitten, Charles W; Nuttall, Gregory A; Beckham, Joseph M; Wall, Michael H; Butterworth, John F

    2009-07-01

    Until recently, aprotinin was the only antifibrinolytic drug with a licensed indication in cardiac surgery in the United States. The most popular alternative, epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA), has not been adequately compared with aprotinin. We undertook this study to test the hypothesis that EACA, when dosed appropriately, is not inferior to aprotinin at reducing fibrinolysis and blood loss. Seventy-eight patients scheduled for primary, isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery were randomly assigned to receive "full Hammersmith" dose aprotinin, high dose EACA (100 mg/kg initial loading dose, 5 g in the pump prime solution, 30 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1) maintenance infusion) or equal volumes of a saline-placebo in a double-blind trial. Reductions in peak D-dimer formation (a measure of fibrinolysis) and 24-h chest tube drainage (CTD) were the primary end points by which noninferiority of EACA was tested. The noninferiority limit was set at a 30% increase in peak D-dimer formation (a difference of 250 microg/mL) and 24-h CTD (a difference of 350 mL) relative to aprotinin. The between-group differences (EACA versus aprotinin) in peak D-dimer formation (-3.58 microg/L, 95% CI -203 to 195 microg/L) and 24-h CTD (67 mL, 95% CI -90 to 230 mL) were within the predetermined noninferiority margins (250 microg/mL and 350 mL, respectively) and satisfied the criteria for noninferiority. Compared with saline, significant between-group reductions in peak D-dimer formation were observed using EACA (589 microg/L, 95% CI 399-788 microg/L; P < 0.0001) and aprotinin (585 microg/L, 95% CI 393-778 microg/L; P < 0.0001). Similar reductions in 24 h CTD were also seen using EACA (239 mL, 95% CI 50-415 mL; P < 0.05) and aprotinin (323 mL, 95% CI 105-485 mL; P < 0.05) compared with saline. Plasma EACA levels were maintained well above a target of 260 microg/mL. When dosed in a pharmacologically guided manner, EACA is not inferior to aprotinin in reducing fibrinolysis and blood loss in

  15. Changes in cerebral oxygen saturation correlate with S100B in infants undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-Sultaneh, Samer; Hehir, David A; Murkowski, Kathleen; Ghanayem, Nancy S; Liedel, Jennifer; Hoffmann, Raymond G; Cao, Yumei; Mitchell, Michael E; Jeromin, Andreas; Tweddell, James S; Hoffman, George M

    2014-03-01

    The relationship of cerebral saturation measured by near-infrared spectroscopy with serum biomarker of brain injury S100B was investigated in infants undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Prospective cohort study. Single-center children's hospital. Forty infants between 1 and 12 months old weighing greater than or equal to 4 kg with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were enrolled. None. Serum S100B was measured at eight time points over 72 hours using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Physiologic data including arterial, cerebral, and somatic regional oxygen saturations measured by near-infrared spectroscopy were synchronously recorded at 1-minute intervals from anesthesia induction through 72 postoperative hours. The arterial-cerebral oxygen saturation difference was calculated as the difference between arterial saturation and cerebral regional saturation. Thirty-eight patients, 5.4 ± 2.5 months old, were included in the analysis; two were excluded due to the use of postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Seventeen patients (44.7%) had preoperative cyanosis. S100B increased during cardiopulmonary bypass in all patients, from a median preoperative baseline of mean ± SE: 0.055 ± 0.038 to a peak of 0.610 ± 0.038 ng/mL, p less than 0.0001. Patients without preoperative cyanosis had a higher S100B peak at the end of cardiopulmonary bypass. Although the absolute cerebral regional saturation on cardiopulmonary bypass was not associated with S100B elevation, patients who had arterial-cerebral oxygen saturation difference greater than 50 at any time during cardiopulmonary bypass had a higher S100B peak (mean ± SE: 1.053 ± 0.080 vs 0.504 ± 0.039 ng/mL; p cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with increased serum S100B in the perioperative period and may be a modifiable risk factor for neurological injury.

  16. Endoscopic findings in the excluded stomach after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuga, Rogerio; Safatle-Ribeiro, Adriana V; Faintuch, Joel; Ishida, Robson K; Furuya, Carlos K; Garrido, Arthur B; Cecconello, Ivan; Ishioka, Shinichi; Sakai, Paulo

    2007-10-01

    After gastric bypass surgery performed because of morbid obesity, the excluded stomach can rarely be endoscopically examined. With the advent of a new apparatus and technique, possible mucosal changes can be routinely accessed and monitored, thus preventing potential benign and malignant complications. Prospective observational study in a homogeneous population with nonspecific symptoms. Outpatient clinic of a large public academic hospital. Forty consecutive patients (mean +/- SD age, 44.5 +/- 10.0 y ears; 85.0% women) were seen at a mean +/- SD of 77.3 +/- 19.4 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Elective double-balloon enteroscopy of the excluded stomach was performed. Rate of successful intubation, endoscopic findings, and complications. The excluded stomach was reached in 35 of 40 patients (87.5%). Mean +/- SD time to enter the organ was 24.9 +/- 14.3 minutes (range, 5-75 minutes). Endoscopic findings were normal in 9 patients (25.7%), whereas in 26 (74.3%), various types of gastritis (erythematous, erosive, hemorrhagic erosive, and atrophic) were identified, primarily in the gastric body and antrum. No cancer was documented in the present series. Tolerance was good, and no complications were recorded during or after the intervention. The double-balloon method is useful and practical for access to the excluded stomach. Although cancer was not noted, most of the studied population had gastritis, including moderate and severe forms. Surveillance of the excluded stomach is recommended after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery performed because of morbid obesity.

  17. Plasma magnesium concentration in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotlinska-Hasiec, Edyta; Makara-Studzinska, Marta; Czajkowski, Marek; Rzecki, Ziemowit; Olszewski, Krzysztof; Stadnik, Adam; Pilat, Jacek; Rybojad, Beata; Dabrowski, Wojciech

    2017-05-11

    [b]Introduction[/b]. Magnesium (Mg) plays a crucial role in cell physiology and its deficiency may cause many disorders which often require intensive treatment. The aim of this study was to analyse some factors affecting preoperative plasma Mg concentration in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). [b]Materials and method[/b]. Adult patients scheduled for elective CABG with cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) under general anaesthesia were studied. Plasma Mg concentration was analysed before surgery in accordance with age, domicile, profession, tobacco smoking and preoperative Mg supplementation. Blood samples were obtained from the radial artery just before the administration of anaesthesia. [b]Results. [/b]150 patients were studied. Mean preoperative plasma Mg concentration was 0.93 ± 0.17 mmol/L; mean concentration in patients - 1.02 ± 0.16; preoperative Mg supplementation was significantly higher than in patients without such supplementation. Moreover, intellectual workers supplemented Mg more frequently and had higher plasma Mg concentration than physical workers. Plasma Mg concentration decreases in elderly patients. Patients living in cities, on average, had the highest plasma Mg concentration. Smokers had significantly lower plasma Mg concentration than non-smokers. [b]Conclusions. [/b]1. Preoperative magnesium supplementation increases its plasma concentration. 2. Intellectual workers frequently supplement magnesium. 3. Smoking cigarettes decreases plasma magnesium concentration.

  18. Radiologic evaluation following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carucci, Laura R. [Department of Radiology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, P.O. Box 980615, Richmond, VA 23298-0615 (United States)]. E-mail: lcarucci@vcu.edu; Turner, Mary Ann [Department of Radiology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, P.O. Box 980615, Richmond, VA 23298-0615 (United States)

    2005-03-01

    Morbid obesity is an increasing health problem, and bariatric surgery is becoming a popular treatment option. Radiologists must be familiar with performing and interpreting studies in this patient population. The typical postoperative findings of the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) procedure for morbid obesity on upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series are presented. An overview of the potential complications that may be diagnosed with contrast studies and computed tomography (CT) is provided in addition to a description of potential pitfalls in interpreting these studies.

  19. Tier 3 multidisciplinary medical weight management improves outcome of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, P; Hartland, A; Hollis, A; Ali, R; Elshaw, A; Jain, S; Khan, A; Mirza, S

    2015-04-01

    In 2013 the Department of Health specified eligibility for bariatric surgery funded by the National Health Service. This included a mandatory specification that patients first complete a Tier 3 medical weight management programme. The clinical effectiveness of this recommendation has not been evaluated previously. Our bariatric centre has provided a Tier 3 programme six months prior to bariatric surgery since 2009. The aim of our retrospective study was to compare weight loss in two cohorts: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass only (RYGB only cohort) versus Tier 3 weight management followed by RYGB (Tier 3 cohort). A total of 110 patients were selected for the study: 66 in the RYGB only cohort and 44 in the Tier 3 cohort. Patients in both cohorts were matched for age, sex, preoperative body mass index and pre-existing co-morbidities. The principal variable was therefore whether they undertook the weight management programme prior to RYGB. Patients from both cohorts were followed up at 6 and 12 months to assess weight loss. The mean weight loss at 6 months for the Tier 3 cohort was 31% (range: 18-69%, standard deviation [SD]: 0.10 percentage points) compared with 23% (range: 4-93%, SD: 0.12 percentage points) for the RYGB only cohort (p=0.0002). The mean weight loss at 12 months for the Tier 3 cohort was 34% (range: 17-51%, SD: 0.09 percentage points) compared with 27% (range: 14-48%, SD: 0.87 percentage points) in the RYGB only cohort (p=0.0037). Our study revealed that in our matched cohorts, patients receiving Tier 3 specialist medical weight management input prior to RYGB lost significantly more weight at 6 and 12 months than RYGB only patients. This confirms the clinical efficacy of such a weight management programme prior to gastric bypass surgery and supports its inclusion in eligibility criteria for bariatric surgery.

  20. Comparison of the Effects of Religious Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (RCBT, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT, and Sertraline on Depression and Anxiety in Patients after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: A Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled T

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazanin Vaezzadeh

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Our objective is to compare the effects of RCBT, CBT, and sertraline on depression, anxiety, biomarker levels, and the quality of life in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery.Method/Design: This is a randomized controlled trial with parallel groups. A total of 160 patients after CABG surgery will be screened for anxiety and depression according to clinical interviews based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV criteria and Hospital  Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS scores (≥ 8. To assess religious attitude, Golriz and Baraheni’s religious attitude questionnaire will be used. Participants will be randomly allocated to four groups of 40 including three intervention groups (RCBT, CBT, and sertraline and one control group (usual care. RCBT and CBT programs will consist of 12 one-hour weekly sessions. The participants in the pharmacological intervention group will receive 25-200 mg/d of sertraline for three months. The (SF-36 will be administered to assess the patients’ quality of life. Blood samples will be taken and biomarker levels will be determined using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. The primary outcome will be the reduction in anxiety and depression scores after the interventions. The secondary outcomes will be increases in quality of life scores and normalized biomarker levels after the interventions.Discussion: If RCBT is found to be more effective than the other methods, it can be used to improve patients’ health status after CABG surgery.Irct ID: IRCT201404122898N5

  1. An influence of some factors on the logopedic rehabilitation of patients after laryngectomy with tracheoesophageal bypass and voice prosthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. V. Kosova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tracheoesophageal bypass with endoprosthesis is one of the most important approaches for surgical ways of voice restoration after laryngectomy. Within after-surgery rehabilitation logopedic techniques may be practiced successfully for the patients undergone laryngectomy with tracheoesophageal bypass and voice prosthesis.

  2. Posttraumatic growth in post-surgical coronary artery bypass graft patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine A Waight

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Recent research in posttraumatic growth has been applied to people with life-threatening illnesses to optimise recovery. There is a lack of research exploring posttraumatic growth in coronary artery bypass graft patients. This article describes the recovery experience of 14 coronary artery bypass graft patients (13 males and 1 female at their first outpatient review post-surgery. Grounded theory analysis was used to develop a model of distinct and shared pathways to growth depending on whether patients were symptomatic or asymptomatic pre-coronary artery bypass graft. Outcomes of posttraumatic growth in this sample included action-based healthy lifestyle growth and two forms of cognitive growth: appreciation of life and new possibilities. The model of posttraumatic growth developed in this study may be helpful in guiding future research into promoting posttraumatic growth and behaviour change in coronary artery bypass graft patients.

  3. Posttraumatic growth in post-surgical coronary artery bypass graft patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waight, Catherine A; Strodl, Esben; Sheridan, Judith; Tesar, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Recent research in posttraumatic growth has been applied to people with life-threatening illnesses to optimise recovery. There is a lack of research exploring posttraumatic growth in coronary artery bypass graft patients. This article describes the recovery experience of 14 coronary artery bypass graft patients (13 males and 1 female) at their first outpatient review post-surgery. Grounded theory analysis was used to develop a model of distinct and shared pathways to growth depending on whether patients were symptomatic or asymptomatic pre-coronary artery bypass graft. Outcomes of posttraumatic growth in this sample included action-based healthy lifestyle growth and two forms of cognitive growth: appreciation of life and new possibilities. The model of posttraumatic growth developed in this study may be helpful in guiding future research into promoting posttraumatic growth and behaviour change in coronary artery bypass graft patients.

  4. Perioperative type I aortic dissection during conventional coronary artery bypass surgery: risk factors and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ketenci, Bulend; Enc, Yavuz; Ozay, Batuhan; Gunay, Rafet; Cimen, Serdar; Gorur, Alper; Tuygun, Abdullah Kemal; Sargin, Murat; Sari, Sibel; Demirtas, Mahmut Murat

    2008-01-01

    Perioperative iatrogenic type I aortic dissection (PIAD) is a rare but potentially fatal complication of conventional coronary artery bypass surgery (CCABG). Prompt recognition and repair of PIAD may significantly improve outcomes. We reviewed the hospital records of patients with PIAD occurring as a complication of CCABG at Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Center from January 2001 through June 2007. During this period, 10,130 CCABG were performed and 21 patients (0.20%) with PIAD were identified. We compared variables for these 21 patients with 603 patients without PIAD (control group). PIAD occurred intraoperatively in 19 patients (90%) and during the early postoperative period (first 6 hours) in 2 patients (10%) who underwent CCABG. Dissections were noticed after removal of the aortic crossclamp in 11 patients, during aortic cannulation in 3 patients, and after removal of the partial-occlusion clamp in 5 patients. Patients with and without PIAD differed significantly in regard to sex (P = .05), history of hypertension (P = .001), and history of severe concomitant peripheral arterial disease (PAD) (P = .001). The diameter of the aorta was significantly wider in patients with PIAD. (3.83 +/- 0.9 vs 2.93 +/- 0.46 cm, P = .019). The occurrence of high cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) pressure (>==120 mmHg) was significantly higher in the PIAD patients than the non-PIAD patients (28.6% vs 3.3%, P = .0001). Seven PIAD patients (33.3%) died preoperatively and 3 (14.2%) died postoperatively. PIAD is frequently fatal. Risk factors for PIAD during or after CCABG include female sex, history of PAD and hypertension, increased aortic diameter, and high CPB pressure.

  5. Preoperative Prediction of Type 2 Diabetes Remission After Gastric Bypass Surgery: a Comparison of DiaRem Scores and ABCD Scores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Wei-Jei; Chong, Keong; Chen, Shu-Chun; Zachariah, James; Ser, Kong-Han; Lee, Yi-Chih; Chen, Jung-Chien

    2016-10-01

    Gastric bypass surgery has been well accepted as a novel treatment modality for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in obese patients. Some scoring systems have been proposed for the selection of T2DM patients who are eligible for gastric bypass surgery. This study compares two scoring systems with regard to remission of T2DM after gastric bypass surgery. This retrospective cohort study included 245 patients (150 females and 95 males) who had undergone gastric bypass surgery for the treatment of T2DM with 1 year follow-up. We examined the predictive power of complete remission of two scoring systems, the DiaRem score, and the ABCD score. The DiaRem score includes the factors of age, HbA1c, medication, and insulin usage. The ABCD score includes the factors of age, BMI, C-peptide level, and duration of T2DM. The rate of remission of T2DM after gastric bypass surgery was evaluated using both scoring systems. At 1 year after surgery, the percent weight loss was 26.5 % and the mean BMI decreased from 35.7 to 26.2 kg/m(2). The mean HbA1c decreased from 8.8 to 6.2 %. A significant number of patients showed improvement in glycemic control, including 130 (53.1 %) patients with complete remission (HbA1c ABCD score predicted the success of the gastric bypass surgery, but the ABCD score was better at differentiating patients with poorer score (27.9 vs. 9.1 %, p ABCD score is better at predicting T2DM remission at 1 year after gastric bypass surgery than the DiaRem score.

  6. The Ongoing Battle Between Infrapopliteal Angioplasty and Bypass Surgery for Critical Limb Ischemia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schamp, Katja B. C.; Meerwaldt, Robbert; Reijnen, Michel M. P. J.; Geelkerken, Robert H.; Zeebregts, Clark J.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Critical limb ischemia (CLI) represents the extreme of the peripheral arterial occlusive disease spectrum and is associated with high mortality. Limb salvage often requires infrapopliteal revascularization by either angioplasty or bypass surgery. The past decade has witnessed a paradigm

  7. The IGF-Axis and Diabetic Retinopathy Before and After Gastric Bypass Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Troels; Laugesen, Caroline Schmidt; Floyd, Andrea Karen

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB) abruptly causes remission of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Such dramatic metabolic changes have previously been found to cause worsening of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and circulating insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has been suggested as a causal mediator...... 3 months after bariatric surgery. IGFBP-1 increased while IGFBP-3 and total IGF-II decreased postoperatively, but these changes were unassociated with the development of DR. Markers of the metabolic syndrome improved....... at the two postoperative visits (p ≤ 0.001). Total IGF-I showed no significant changes. HbA1c, glucose, HOMA-IR and lipids improved after surgery. Two patients did not complete the 12-month visit. CONCLUSIONS: In obese T2D patients, bioactive IGF is a potential biomarker for DR and levels tended to increase...

  8. Erectile dysfunction and pcsychoemotional state in ischemic heart disease patients undergone coronary artery bypass grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye. V. Pomeshkin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The impact of erectile dysfunction on psychoemotional state of patients undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery was evaluated. The International Index of Erectile Function, postcompression cavernous artery dilation test, nocturnal penile tumescence recording and psychophysiological exam were used. It was found that ischemic heart disease patients have higher incidence of associated psychoemotional and erectile dysfunctions.

  9. Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 Production following Cardiopulmonary Bypass Was Not Associated with Pulmonary Dysfunction after Cardiac Surgery

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    Tso-Chou Lin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB causes release of matrix metalloproteinase- (MMP- 9, contributing to pulmonary infiltration and dysfunction. The aims were to investigate MMP-9 production and associated perioperative variables and oxygenation following CPB. Methods. Thirty patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery were included. Arterial blood was sampled at 6 sequential points (before anesthesia induction, before CPB and at 2, 4, 6, and 24 h after beginning CPB for plasma MMP-9 concentrations by ELISA. The perioperative laboratory data and variables, including bypass time, PaO2/FiO2, and extubation time, were also recorded. Results. The plasma MMP-9 concentrations significantly elevated at 2–6 h after beginning CPB (P<0.001 and returned to the preanesthesia level at 24 h (P=0.23, with predominant neutrophil counts after surgery (P<0.001. The plasma MMP-9 levels at 4 and 6 h were not correlated with prolonged CPB time and displayed no association with postoperative PaO2/FiO2, regardless of reduced ratio from preoperative 342.9±81.2 to postoperative 207.3±121.3 mmHg (P<0.001. Conclusion. Elective cardiac surgery with CPB induced short-term elevation of plasma MMP-9 concentrations within 24 hours, however, without significant correlation with CPB time and postoperative pulmonary dysfunction, despite predominantly increased neutrophils and reduced oxygenation.

  10. Is the Preoperative Administration of Amiodarone or Metoprolol More Effective in Reducing Atrial Fibrillation: After Coronary Bypass Surgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onk, Oruc Alper; Erkut, Bilgehan

    2015-10-01

    This study examined the influence of preoperative administration of amiodarone and metoprolol in preventing postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery.The study comprised 251 patients who underwent CABG surgery at our hospital between January 2012 and May 2014. The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups: amiodarone therapy group (n = 122 patients) and metoprolol therapy group (n = 129 patients).In the amiodarone group, the patients received amiodarone tablet orally 1 week before coronary bypass surgery and during the postoperative period. In the metoprolol group, the patients received metoprolol tablet orally 1 week before surgery and during the postoperative period. The AF development rate was retrospectively evaluated between the first 3 days and 4 weeks after surgery.AF developed in 14 patients in the amiodarone group and 16 patients in the metoprolol group 4 weeks after the operation (P = 0.612).No significant difference was observed between the groups in terms of intensive care unit and hospital stay. Furthermore, hospital charges were similar in both groups (P = 0.741).The results of the logistic regression analysis showed age, left ventricular ejection fraction, left atrial diameter, and aortic cross-clamping time to be predictors for postoperative AF.This study demonstrates that amiodarone and metoprolol have similar effects in prevention of AF after cardiac surgery. However, larger-scale studies need to be conducted to substantiate these findings.

  11. Usefulness of needle holder with a function of fine forceps for bypass surgery in both hands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horiuchi, Tetsuyoshi; Seguchi, Tatsuya; Ito, Kiyoshi; Hongo, Kazuhiro

    2015-01-01

    In bypass surgery, a single-handed needle holder is usually used with other handed fine forceps. Recently, a needle holder with the function of fine forceps has been developed. In this technical note, usefulness of newly developed needle holders in both hands is presented in bypass surgery. With this method, surgeons can make stitches and ties by both hands without exchanging instruments. This method is effective and may result in faster anastomotic procedure comparing with the traditional one.

  12. Predictors of early return to work after a coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG

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    Ramin Mehrdad

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Identifying factors predictive of early return to work in patients who underwent a coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG. Material and Methods: Two hundred twenty-six working patients who volunteered and underwent a primary coronary artery bypass surgery between September 2013 and May 2014 were selected for the study and followed up for 6 months. Predictors of early return to work (RTW (within 2 months were analyzed from variables in a prospectively collected database and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36 questionnaire carried out in the hospital and rehabilitation center as well as from the follow-up performed via the phone. Results: One hundred and two (45.1% and 155 (68.9% patients returned to work within 2 and 3 months after the surgery, respectively. Furthermore, 196 patients (87.1% returned to work within 6 months after the surgery. In the univariate analysis, demographic or socioeconomic factors (such as age, level of education, income, occupational factors (such as occupation type, working hours per week, duration of the preoperative absence from work, psychological factors (such as a patient’s concern about adverse health effects of RTW, feeling depressed, a patient’s attitude towards his/her ability to RTW and a patient’s perception of his/her job stress level and medical factors (such as serum troponin T and creatine kinase MB (CKMB level, pump time in surgery, co-surgery and dyslipidemia history had a statistically significant correlation with early return to work. The patients who early returned to work had significantly higher scores in 3 domains on the SF-36 questionnaire (used for assessing the patients’ quality of life, compared to those who did not return to work early (including physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health and pain. Conclusions: In the present study we identified 4 new medical factors that could be used as predictors of early return to work after CABG. These

  13. The link between obesity and vitamin D in bariatric patients with omega-loop gastric bypass surgery - a vitamin D supplementation trial to compare the efficacy of postoperative cholecalciferol loading (LOAD): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luger, Maria; Kruschitz, Renate; Marculescu, Rodrig; Haslacher, Helmuth; Hoppichler, Friedrich; Kallay, Enikö; Kienbacher, Christian; Klammer, Carmen; Kral, Melanie; Langer, Felix; Luger, Eva; Prager, Gerhard; Trauner, Michael; Traussnigg, Stefan; Würger, Tanja; Schindler, Karin; Ludvik, Bernhard

    2015-08-05

    Beyond its classical role in calcium homoeostasis and bone metabolism, vitamin D deficiency has been found to be associated with several diseases, including diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and even obesity itself. Importantly, there are limited data on therapeutic strategies for vitamin D deficiency in bariatric patients, and the procedure-specific guidelines may not be sufficient. To improve long-term outcomes, nutritional screening and appropriate supplementation to prevent nutrient deficiencies are urgently needed. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine effects and safety of a forced dosing regimen of vitamin D versus conventional dose supplementation on vitamin D levels and other parameters in bariatric patients. The study includes loading plus repeat dosing compared with repeated administration of vitamin D without a loading dose, according to guidelines, in a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Up to a triple oral loading dose is given on day 1, then 2 and 4 weeks after surgery (100,000 IU dose each time), followed by an oral maintenance dose (3420 IU/day). The control group (n = 25) will receive placebo, followed by administration of a standard dose (3420 IU/day). We hypothesize that a significant increase in vitamin D levels will occur in patients in the treatment group (n = 25) by 24 weeks after surgery. Further measurements are aimed at evaluating changes in inflammation, bone turnover, insulin resistance, blood pressure, liver, mental health, and gut microbiota of patients undergoing omega-loop gastric bypass surgery. Furthermore, possible associations between concentrations of vitamin D, the involved enzymes, or vitamin D receptor in adipose and/or liver tissues will be determined. To our knowledge, this trial is the first of its kind with this type of vitamin D supplementation in bariatric patients. Its major strength is the design and implementation of evaluation of influencing factors such as liver

  14. The prothrombotic paradox of severe obesity after cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kindo, Michel; Minh, Tam Hoang; Gerelli, Sébastien; Meyer, Nicolas; Schaeffer, Mickaël; Perrier, Stéphanie; Bentz, Jonathan; Announe, Tarek; Mommerot, Arnaud; Collange, Olivier; Marguerite, Sandrine; Thibaud, Adrien; Gros, Hubert; Billaud, Philippe; Mazzucotelli, Jean-Philippe

    2014-08-01

    Obesity is suggested to reduce postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) but perioperative hemostasis variations have not been studied. Therefore, we investigated the effects of severe obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥35kg/m(2)) on chest tube output (CTO) and hemostasis in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB. We prospectively investigated 2799 consecutive patients who underwent coronary and/or valve surgery using CPB between 2008 and 2012. 204 patients (7.3%) presented a severe obesity. In the severe obesity group, the 6-h and 24-h CTO were significantly reduced by -21.8% and -14.8% respectively (Psevere obesity groups (P=0.01). On admission to the intensive care unit, a significant increase of platelet count (+9.2%; Psevere obesity group compared with the control group. In multivariate analysis, severe obesity was significantly associated to a decreased risk of excessive bleeding (24-h CTO >90th percentile; Odds ratio: 0.37, 95% CI: 0.17 to 0.82). No significant differences were observed regarding postoperative thromboembolic events between the two groups. Severe obesity is associated with a prothrombotic postoperative state that leads to a reduction of postoperative blood loss in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Gastric cancer after mini-gastric bypass surgery: a case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chun-Chi; Lee, Wei-Jei; Ser, Kong-Han; Chen, Jung-Chien; Tsou, Jun-Juin; Chen, Shu-Chun; Kuan, Wai-Sang

    2013-11-01

    Gastric cancer in the stomach after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or mini-gastric bypass is rare, but a few cases have been reported since 1991, when the first case emerged. According to the literature, the interval between bypass surgery and the diagnosis of cancer ranged from 1 to 22 years. Given the difficulty of monitoring a bypassed stomach, the potential for gastric cancer must be considered, especially in countries with high incidence of this cancer. The literature reported the first case in the Asia-Pacific region - a woman developed advanced gastric cancer in her stomach 9 years after laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass for morbid obesity. © 2013 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  16. Predictors of Postoperative Aftercare Attrition among Gastric Bypass Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khorgami, Zhamak; Zhang, Chi; Messiah, Sarah E; de la Cruz-Muñoz, Nestor

    2015-06-01

    Background: Poor adherence to post-bariatric surgery aftercare continues to challenge surgical practices. The objective of this study was to identify factors that predict poor aftercare attendance among patients who underwent Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) surgery. Method: A retrospective medical chart review of patients who underwent RYGB from 2002 to 2011 was conducted. Patients with four visits or more in the first 2 years (>50%) were categorized as "acceptable follow-up" and with ≤50% as "poor follow-up." Demographics, presurgical body mass index (BMI), and comorbidities were compared using multivariate analysis. Results: Out of 2,658 patients, 1,092 (41.1%) had acceptable follow-up. Preoperative factors that predicted acceptable follow-up included female gender (odds ratio [OR] 1.41 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-1.72]), older age (OR 1.03 [95% CI 1.03-1.04]), higher BMI at surgery (OR 1.02 [95% CI 1.01-1.03]), and Hispanic ethnicity (OR 1.40 [95% CI 1.15-1.72]). Conversely, presence of diabetes mellitus (OR 0.58 [95% CI 0.39-0.88]), hypertension (OR 0.53 [95% CI 0.39-0.72]), and obstructive sleep apnea (OR 0.39 [95% CI 0.26-0.57]) predicted less adherence to RYGB aftercare. Conclusion: These findings suggest RYGB patients' age, gender, ethnicity, preoperative BMI, and certain comorbidities should be considered to maximize postoperative aftercare attendance.

  17. Application of a pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics approach to the free propofol plasma levels during coronary artery bypass grafting surgery with hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos R. Silva-Filho

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to apply a pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics approach to investigate the free propofol plasma levels in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting under hypothermic conditions compared with the off-pump procedure. METHODS: Nineteen patients scheduled for on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting under hypothermic conditions (n=10 or the equivalent off-pump surgery (n=9 were anesthetized with sufentanil and propofol target-controlled infusion (2 μg/mL during surgery. The propofol concentration was then reduced to 1 μg/mL, and a pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics analysis using the maximum-effect-sigmoid model obtained by plotting the bispectral index values against the free propofol plasma levels was performed. RESULTS: Significant increases (two- to five-fold in the free propofol plasma levels were observed in the patients subjected to coronary artery bypass grafting under hypothermic conditions. The pharmacokinetics of propofol varied according to the free drug levels in the hypothermic on-pump group versus the off-pump group. After hypothermic coronary artery bypass was initiated, the distribution volume increased, and the distribution half-life was prolonged. Propofol target-controlled infusion was discontinued when orotracheal extubation was indicated, and the time to patient extubation was significantly higher in the hypothermic on-pump group than in the off-pump group (459 versus 273 min, p=0.0048. CONCLUSIONS: The orotracheal intubation time was significantly longer in the hypothermic on-pump group than in the off-pump group. Additionally, residual hypnosis was identified through the pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics approach based on decreases in drug plasma protein binding in the hypothermic on-pump group, which could explain the increased hypnosis observed with this drug in this group of patients.

  18. Moxifloxacin dosing in post-bariatric surgery patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Colin, Pieter; Eleveld, Douglas J.; Struys, Michel M. R. F.; T'Jollyn, Huybrecht; Van Bortel, Luc M.; Ruige, Johannes; De Waele, Jan; Van Bocxlaer, Jan; Boussery, Koen

    Introduction Given the ever increasing number of obese patients and obesity related bypass surgery, dosing recommendations in the post-bypass population are needed. Using a population pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis and PK-pharmacodynamic (PD) simulations, we investigated whether adequate moxifloxacin

  19. Tailored Double-Barrel Bypass Surgery Using an Occipital Artery Graft for Unstable Intracranial Vascular Occlusive Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Yeongu; Lee, Sung Ho; Ryu, Jiwook; Kim, Johnho; Chung, Sang Bong; Choi, Seok Keun

    2017-05-01

    This report describes the need for a tailored approach for intracranial vascular occlusive disease and introduces the usefulness of the OA as a donor artery for interposition graft. A 65-year-old male patient suffered from repeated transient ischemic attack (TIA). Imaging studies revealed complete occlusion of the proximal left side of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and multiple infarction in the watershed zone. We planned superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass to restore cerebral blood flow and to prevent the progression of infarction. However, the parietal branch of the STA was too small in diameter and not suitable as a single donor for the bypass in order to supply sufficient blood flow. Moreover, the frontal branch of the STA had collateral channels through the periorbital anastomosis into the cerebral cortex that could result in infarction during clamping for anastomosis. We determined that tailored treatment planning was necessary for successful revascularization under these conditions. Thus, we performed a bypass between the parietal branch of the STA and a cortical branch of the MCA as an "insurance bypass." Then we performed another bypass between the frontal branch of the STA and a cortical branch of the MCA using an ipsilateral occipital artery (OA) interposition graft. The patient had no perioperative complications, and postoperative imaging confirmed the restoration of cerebral blood flow. When end-to-side anastomosis in single-branch bypass is not appropriate for cerebral revascularization, a tailored double-barrel "insurance bypass" with an OA interposed graft could be a good alternative treatment modality. In addition, an OA interposition graft is a useful option for double-barrel bypass surgery in such cases of intracranial vascular occlusive disease. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. [Coronary artery bypass graft surgery with bilateral internal mammary artery. Short-term results].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ríos Ortega, Josías Caleb; Castañeda Castillo, Paul; Talledo Paredes, Luisa; Soplopuco Palacios, Franz; Aranda Pretell, Necemio; Pérez Valverde, Yemmy; Morón Castro, Julio; Reyes Torres, Andrés

    2017-01-05

    Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery remains the reference standard in the treatment of multivessel coronary disease. Several studies have shown that CABG with bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMA) has better results in long-term survival. A retrospective study was conducted on CABG surgeries with BIMA from January 2012 to December 2015 in the National Cardiovascular Institute, INCOR, EsSalud, Peru. The objectives were to determine the mortality and major cardiovascular events at 30 days follow-up. Of the 36 patients subjected to CABG surgery with BIMA, the 30-day mortality was 0%, with major cardiovascular events occurring in 5.56% of patients (Stroke 0%, postoperative myocardial infarction 5.56%, need of new coronary intervention 0%). The incidence of mediastinitis and/or sternal reconstruction was 0%. Superficial wound infection was observed in 7 patients, with there being no significant difference between diabetics and non-diabetics (25% vs. 16.66%, OR=3.3, P=.88), or between patients with or without overweight (19.23% vs. 20%, respectively, OR=.95; 95% CI, P=.68). CABG surgery with BIMA is a safe procedure, with low rates of mortality and major cardiovascular events in the short-term. Copyright © 2016 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  1. Zinc-deficiency acrodermatitis in a patient with chronic alcoholism and gastric bypass: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariush Shahsavari

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Acquired adult-onset zinc deficiency is occasionally reported in patients with malnutrition states, such as alcoholism, or malabsorptive states, such as post-bariatric surgery. The defining symptoms of hypozincemia include a classic triad of necrolytic dermatitis, diffuse alopecia, and diarrhea. We report a case of zinc deficiency in a 39-year-old man with history of gastric bypass surgery and alcoholism. For this patient, severe hypozincemia confirmed acrodermatitis, and zinc supplementation was met with gradual improvement.

  2. Five Vessel Coronary Arter Bypass Graft Surgery in a Case with Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sureyya Talay

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a rare and sypmtomatic familyal hypercholesterolemia case with an end-point of coronary artery bypass surgery at the age of 16. Patient was evaluated at the emergency department with chest pain and discomfort. Physical examination were within normal limits. The electrocardiogram showed a normal sinus rhythm for 108/ min. Arterial blood pressure was 90/60 mmHg. Lungs and heart were clear to auscultation. Patient was under treatment with a prior diagnosis of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH for one year by daily 40 mgs rosuvastatine. A coronary artery angiography was performed for chest pain. Multivessel coronary artery disease was diagnosed with a total occlusion of left anterior descending artery. Transthoracic echocardiography presented a left ventricular (LV ejection fraction 50%, LV diameters 44/26 mm, aneurysm formation at interatrial septum and mild dyskinesia of anterior wall. Thus, a five vessel emergent coronary artery graft bypass surgery was performed at this early age. FH is with a severe elevation in total cholesterol (TC and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL in an autosomal dominant characteristic disorder that approximately occurs in 1 per 500 persons by its heterozygous form. FH is most certainly associated with premature coronary artery disease (CAD with catasthrophic early age results. [Cukurova Med J 2014; 39(4.000: 872-875

  3. Percutaneous cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass in minimally invasive surgery is associated with reduced groin complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moschovas, Alexandros; Amorim, Paulo A; Nold, Mariana; Faerber, Gloria; Diab, Mahmoud; Buenger, Tobias; Doenst, Torsten

    2017-09-01

    Femoral cutdown is standard in most centres if groin cannulation is used for cardiopulmonary bypass in minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS). Arterial closure devices (ACDs) allow placement of larger cannulas percutaneously, but its benefit in MICS is unclear. We assessed our results with percutaneous groin cannulation using ACDs in comparison with conventional surgical access in patients undergoing MICS. We reviewed 445 consecutive patients having undergone MICS between October 2010 and March 2015. Of those, 92 (21%) were performed with conventional surgical access to the groin vessels and 353 (79%) with the use of ACDs. Operative risk was higher in the ACD group [logistic EuroSCORE 7.9% (SD: 8.1) vs 10.6% (SD: 12.3); P = 0.010]. The use of ACDs significantly reduced operation time [193 min (SD: 43.8) vs 173 min (SD: 47.1); P cardiopulmonary bypass in minimally invasive valve surgery significantly reduces groin complications, operation time and hospital stay. However, the remaining complications are mainly of vascular nature versus wound infection and lymph fistulae with cutdown.

  4. Detection of Gender Differences in Incomplete Revascularization after Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Varies with Classification Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oertelt-Prigione, Sabine; Kaltenbach, Martin; Hetzer, Roland; Regitz-Zagrosek, Vera; Baretti, Rufus

    2013-01-01

    Background. Incomplete revascularization negatively affects survival after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Since gender and classification technique might impact outcome and reporting, we investigated their effect on revascularization patterns and mortality. Methods. A cohort of bypass patients (N = 1545, 23% women) was enrolled prospectively. The degree of revascularization was determined as mathematical difference between affected vessels upon diagnosis and number of grafts or the surgeon's rating on the case file. Results. Although men displayed more triple-vessel disease, they obtained complete revascularization more frequently than women (85% versus 77%, P revascularized patients, yet there was only a 50% overlap between the two groups. Mathematically, more women, older patients, and patients with NYHA class III/IV appeared incompletely revascularized, while the surgeons identified more patients undergoing technically challenging procedures. Regardless of the definition, incompleteness was a significant risk factor for mortality in both genders (mathematical calculation: HR 2.62, 95% CI 1.76–3.89, P < 0.001; surgeon: HR 2.04, 95% CI 1.35–3.89, P = 0.001). Conclusions. Given the differences in identification patterns, we advise that the mathematical calculation be performed after-procedure in all patients regardless of the surgeons' rating to uncover additional subjects at increased risk. PMID:23936769

  5. Enhanced insulin signaling in human skeletal muscle and adipose tissue following gastric bypass surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albers, Peter Hjorth; Bojsen-Moller, Kirstine N; Dirksen, Carsten

    2015-01-01

    12 months post-surgery. Adipose tissue from glucose tolerant subjects was the most responsive to RYGB compared to type 2 diabetic patients, whereas changes in skeletal muscle were largely similar in these two groups. In conclusion, an improved molecular insulin sensitive phenotype of skeletal muscle......Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) leads to increased peripheral insulin sensitivity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of RYGB on expression and regulation of proteins involved in regulation of peripheral glucose metabolism. Skeletal muscle and adipose tissue biopsies from glucose...... tolerant and type 2 diabetic subjects at fasting and during a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp before as well as 1 week, 3 and 12 months after RYGB were analyzed for relevant insulin effector proteins/signaling components. Improvement in peripheral insulin sensitivity mainly occurred at 12 months post-surgery...

  6. Assessment of glucose regulation in pregnancy after gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Göbl, Christian S; Bozkurt, Latife; Tura, Andrea; Leutner, Michael; Andrei, Laura; Fahr, Lukas; Husslein, Peter; Eppel, Wolfgang; Kautzky-Willer, Alexandra

    2017-12-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is characterised by glycaemic variability. Prospective studies of glucose metabolism in pregnancy after RYGB are not available, therefore this study aimed to evaluate physiological alterations in glucose metabolism in pregnancy following RYGB. Sixty-three pregnant women (25 who underwent RYGB, 19 non-operated obese control women and 19 normal weight control women) were included. Frequently sampled 3 h OGTTs and 1 h IVGTTs were performed between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation and, in a subgroup, were repeated at 3-6 months after delivery. We observed major alterations in glucose kinetics during the OGTT, including an early increase in plasma glucose followed by hypoglycaemia in 90% of women who had previously undergone RYGB. The higher degree of glycaemic variability in this group was accompanied by increased insulin, C-peptide and glucagon concentrations after oral glucose load, whereas no differences in insulin response were observed after parenteral glucose administration (RYGB vs normal weight). IVGTT data suggested improved insulin sensitivity (mean difference 0.226 × 10(-4) min(-1) [pmol/l](-1) [95% CI 0.104, 0.348]; p pregnancies after RYGB when compared with obese control women. However, subtle alterations in insulin action and beta cell function were still observed when comparing women who had undergone RYGB with the normal-weight control group. Moreover, we observed that fetal growth was associated with maternal glucose nadir levels and insulin secretion in offspring of those who had previously undergone RYGB. Pregnancies after RYGB are affected by altered postprandial glucose, insulin and C-peptide dynamics. Insulin sensitivity is improved by RYGB, although subtle alterations in beta cell function are observed. Longitudinal studies are needed to assess potential consequences for fetal development and pregnancy outcomes.

  7. Adult Moyamoya disease: 320-Multidetector row CT for evaluation of revascularization in STA–MCA bypasses surgery

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    Tian, Bing; Xu, Bing; Liu, Qi; Hao, Qiang; Lu, Jianping, E-mail: cjr.lujianping@vip.163.com

    2013-12-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the utility of 320-multidetector row whole-brain computed tomography perfusion (WBCTP) and whole-head subtracted dynamic angiography (WHSDCTA) for assessing the revascularization of blood flow after superficial temporal artery (STA) to middle cerebral artery (MCA) bypass surgery in adults with Moyamoya disease (MD) in the short and long term. Patients and methods: 320-multidetector row WBCTP and WHSDCTA were applied in 20 patients with MD before and after surgery (for an average of 3 days and 3 months). The bypass arteries were investigated using WHSDCTA and compared with DSA. The regions of interests (ROIs) in the surgical and mirror sides of the cerebral cortex were drawn on a Vitrea Workstation. Cerebral blood volume (CBV), time to peak (TTP), cerebral blood flow (CBF), mean transit time (MTT), and delay time were recorded. Preoperative and postoperative perfusion parameters in the MCA distribution were compared using the paired t-test. Results: WHSDCTA could clearly demonstrate 24 bypass arteries in 26 arteries for 20 patients, results which were in accordance with the results of digital subtraction angiography (DSA). When comparing preoperative values to those within 3 days after surgery, only TTP and delay time were significantly different (P < 0.05). Values of CBV, TTP, CBF, delay time, and MTT 3 months after surgery were significantly different (P < 0.05) from those of preoperative perfusion. Conclusion: These data suggest that 320-multidetector row WBCTP and WHSDCTA can be used to evaluate the revascularization of blood flow after STA–MCA bypass surgery in patients with MD in the short and long term.

  8. 30-day readmission rates at a high volume bariatric surgery center: laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, laparoscopic gastric bypass, and vertical banded gastroplasty-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, John K; Ballantyne, Garth H; Belsley, Scott; Stephens, Daniel; Trivedi, Amit; Ewing, Douglas R; Iannace, Vincent; Capella, Rafael F; Wasielewski, Annette; Moran, S; Schmidt, Hans J

    2007-09-01

    Recent studies suggest that weight loss operations may actually increase the costs to society due to increased hospital readmission rates. The purpose of this study was to determine the 30-day readmission rates following bariatric operations at a high volume bariatric surgery program. Records for all patients undergoing bariatric operations during a 3-year period were harvested from the hospital electronic medical database. All hospital readmissions within 30 days of surgery were reviewed to determine the cause, demographics, and patient characteristics. Logistic regression analysis assessed the impact of various factors on the risk of readmission. 2,823 consecutive patients were identified using the corrected operative log. Of these patients, 165 (5.8%) patients required 184 (6.5%) readmissions within 30 days of their index bariatric operation. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) had the lowest patient readmission rate of 3.1%; vertical banded gastroplasty-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (VBG-RYGBP) 6.8% and Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) 7.3%. Technical considerations were the most common cause for readmission (41% of readmissions). White race and undergoing LAGB decreased the odds for readmission, while total operating-room time >120 minutes, initial hospital stay of >3 days and deep venous thrombosis increased the odds for readmission. This study found an overall 30-day readmission rate of 6.5% following bariatric operations at a high volume bariatric surgery program. This study supports the concept of bariatric surgery Centers of Excellence and accreditation of Bariatric Surgery Programs based on hospital volume of bariatric operations.

  9. Longevity and admission to nursing home according to age after isolated coronary artery bypass surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsteinsson, Kristinn; Andreasen, Jan Jesper; Torp-Pedersen, Christian

    2015-01-01

    for living in a nursing home one year after surgery were: age >80 years (HR 16.70, 95% CI 6.94-40.20), female sex (HR 1.66, 95% CI 1.11- 2.50), heart failure (HR 1.59, 95% CI 1.03-2.40), previous myocardial infarction (HR 2.07, 95% CI 1.33-3.20), previous stroke (HR 2.21, 95% CI 1.42-3.40), stroke ...O5 Longevity and admission to nursing home according to age after isolated coronary artery bypass surgery: A nationwide cohort study Kristinn Thorsteinsson, Jan Jesper Andreasen, Christian Torp Pedersen, Kirsten Fonager, Rikke Nørmark Mortensen, Kristian Kragholm, Gunnar Gislason, Lars Køber....... Aalborg, Denmark Background: Data on nursing home admission in patients >80 years of age after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are scarce. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate longevity and subsequent admission to nursing home stratified by age in a nationwide CABG cohort...

  10. Risk Factors of Red Blood Cell Transfusion in Isolate off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Eui Suk; Park, Kay-Hyun; Lim, Cheong; Choi, Jinho

    2012-10-01

    Perioperative transfusion of red blood cell (RBC) may cause adverse effects. Bloodless-cardiac surgery has been spotlighted to avoid those problems. Off pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery can decrease the transfusion. However, the risk factors of transfusions in OPCAB have not been investigated properly. One hundred and thirteen patients (male:female=35:78, mean age=66.7±9.9 years) who received isolated OPCAB were retrospectively analyzed from March 2006 to September 2007. The threshold of RBC transfusion was 28.0% of hematocrit. Bilateral internal thoracic arteries graft were used for 99 patients (87.6%). One hundred and three (91.1%) and 35 patients (31.5%) took aspirin and clopidogrel just before surgery. Sixty-five patients (47.5%) received the RBC transfusion (mean 2.2±3.2 units). Mortality and major complications were not different between transfusion and no-transfusion group. But, ventilator support time, intensive care unit stay and hospitalization period had been reduced in no-transfusion group (ptransfusion were preoperative low hematocrit (75 minutes) and total operation time (>5.5 hours, ptransfusion according to transfusion guideline; over 40% cases could conduct the OPCAB without transfusion. There were no differences in major clinical results between transfusion and non-transfusion group. In addition, when used together with accurate understanding of transfusion risk factors, it is expected to increase the proportion of patients that do not undergo transfusions.

  11. [Coronary artery bypass grafting on the beating heart in high-risk patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rastan, Ardawan Julian; Walther, Thomas; Falk, Volkmar; Lehmann, Sven; Kempfert, Jörg; Mohr, Friedrich Wilhelm

    2007-09-01

    Since the introduction of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) for coronary multivessel disease there was growing interest to evaluate the impact of OPCAB surgery compared to conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CCAB) with cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest. However, subsequent prospective randomized studies and meta-analyses comparing OPCAB and CCAB surgery were performed on low-risk patients or mixed-risk populations. They usually failed to demonstrate a significant benefit of OPCAB surgery on early mortality or perioperative major cardiac and cerebrovascular events. In recent years, efforts were made to analyze the meaning of beating-heart concepts for patients with specific cardiac and extracardiac risks like ischemic cardiomyopathy, older age, renal failure, acute coronary syndrome, left main stenosis and others. For these subsets of patients several mono- and multicenter studies are available today. Even if most of them were nonrandomized and thus failed to reach evidence level A according to the AHA/ACC (American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology) definition, they still allow analyzing interim results for each specific perioperative risk factor. Particularly multi-risk patients and patients with severely reduced left ventricular function seem to benefit in terms of perioperative mortality and major morbidity by avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest. Analyzing early results and long-term follow-up of 364 patients with severely reduced ejection fractioncardiac ischemia and maintaining native coronary blood flow. Follow-up results were comparable for these patients. In conclusion, beating-heart coronary artery bypass grafting seems to be advantageous in various risk populations and should be considered for patients with more than average risks for cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest.

  12. Variations in oral vitamin and mineral supplementation following bariatric gastric bypass surgery: a national survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunstan, Matt J D; Molena, Emma J; Ratnasingham, Kumaran; Kamocka, Anna; Smith, Natasha C; Humadi, Samer; Irukulla, Shashi

    2015-04-01

    Bariatric surgery (including gastric bypass) is associated with long-term deficiencies in vitamins and minerals, which may have deleterious effects on physiology. The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists' (AACE) guidelines regarding post-operative vitamin supplementation have recently been endorsed by the International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders (IFSO). Supplements have cost implications. Non-branded multivitamins may have similar compositions to branded multivitamins, but at a lower cost. This study assesses multivitamin supplementation following bariatric gastric bypass in England against AACE guidelines. It also examines the composition and cost of branded and non-branded multivitamins. Micronutrient amounts in common multivitamin preparations were obtained from product literature. Costs were collected from a standard retailer. To determine vitamin prescribing patterns, the 37 NHS hospitals performing bariatric gastric bypasses in England were contacted. Practice was assessed against AACE guidelines. All non-branded multivitamins met AACE guidelines for composition. Most had similar compositions to branded multivitamins, and all were cheaper. There was no standard practice regarding post-operative supplementation among the 35 responding hospitals. Only 7/35 (20%) hospitals followed the guidance for two-tablet doses of multivitamins. Immediately post-operatively, 25/35 (71%) hospitals administered calcium carbonate and vitamin D (none recommended calcium citrate, as recommended by AACE to improve absorption), and only 9/35 (26%) hospitals recommended iron to all patients. Most non-branded multivitamins are lower cost alternatives to branded multivitamins, with similar compositions. The AACE recommendation for two-tablet doses of multivitamins is not being met by most English centres. Calcium and iron supplementation is also inadequate.

  13. Risk factors for low cardiac output syndrome after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sá, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira; Nogueira, Joana Rosa Costa; Ferraz, Paulo Ernando; Figueiredo, Omar Jacobina; Cavalcante, Wagner Cid Palmeira; Cavalcante, Thiago Cid Palmeira; Silva, Hugo Thiago Torres da; Santos, Cecília Andrade; Lima, Renato Oliveira de Albuquerque; Vasconcelos, Frederico Pires; Lima, Ricardo de Carvalho

    2012-01-01

    Low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) is a serious complication after cardiac surgery and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to identify risk factors for LCOS in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the Division of Cardiovascular Surgery of Pronto Socorro Cardiológico de Pernambuco - PROCAPE (Recife, PE, Brazil). A historical prospective study comprising 605 consecutive patients operated between May 2007 and December 2010. We evaluated 12 preoperative and 7 intraoperative variables. We applied univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. The incidence of LCOS was 14.7% (n = 89), with a lethality rate of 52.8% (n = 47). In multivariate analysis by logistic regression, four variables remained as independent risk factors: age > 60 years (OR 2.00, 95% CI 1.20 to 6.14, P = 0.009), on-pump CABG (OR 2.16, 95% CI 1.40 to 7.08, P = 0.006), emergency surgery (OR 4.71, 95% CI 1.34 to 26.55, P = 0.028), incomplete revascularization (OR 2.62, 95% CI 1.32 to 5.86, P = 0.003), and ejection fraction 60 years of off-pump CABG, emergency surgery, incomplete CABG and ejection fraction <50%.

  14. Outcome of Cardiac Rehabilitation Following Off-Pump Versus On-Pump Coronary Bypass Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Arefizadeh

    2017-05-01

    CONCLUSIONS: Regarding QOL and psychological status, there were no differences in the CR outcome between those who underwent off-pump bypass surgery and those who underwent on-pump surgery; nevertheless, the off-pump technique was superior to the on-pump method on METs improvement following CR.

  15. The Effect of Massage Therapy by Patients’ Companions on Severity of Pain in the Patients Undergoing Post Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: A Single-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Najafi, Sied Saeed; Rast, Fazlola; Momennasab, Marzieh; Ghazinoor, Mahmood; Dehghanrad, Fereshteh; Mousavizadeh, Sied Ali

    2014-01-01

    Background: Pain on mid sternotomy incision site after Coronary Artery Bypass  Graft  Surgery (CABG) is a common problem that causes sleep disturbance, delayed wound healing, and increased use of analgesic drugs. Massage therapy which is mostly performed by healthcare providers is a non-pharmacological approach for managing this pain. The present study aimed to determine the effect of massage therapy by patient’s companion on the severity of pain in post CABG patients. Methods: In this randomized single-blind clinical trial, 70 post CABG patients were randomly divided into an intervention and a control group. The intervention group received massage by one of their relatives who was trained by an expert nurse. The control group, on the other hand, received routine care. The pain intensity was assessed by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before and immediately, 30, 60, and 120 minutes after the intervention. Then, the data were entered into the SPSS statistical software (version 16) and analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA and post-hoc test (Scheffe). Results: At the beginning of the study, no significant difference was found between the two groups regarding the pain severity. In the intervention group, the pain severity significantly decreased in all the four time points after the intervention (P=0.001). However, no significant difference was observed in this regard in the control group. Conclusion: Massage therapy by patient’s companion trained by a nurse was an effective strategy for pain management in post CABG patients. This could also promote the patient’s family participation in the process of care. Trial Registration Number: IRCT201208218505N3. PMID:25349854

  16. [Factors influencing the participation of post coronary artery bypass patients in cardiac rehabilitation exercise].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Hsin-Ju; Tsai, Shiau-Ting; Chou, Fan-Hao

    2013-12-01

    Studies have shown that cardiovascular rehabilitation exercise improves quality of life in post-coronary-bypass-surgery patients. However, the rate of participation in this exercise by this patient group in Taiwan has increased only 8.2% during the past 13 years (from 61.9% in 1996 to 70.1% in 2009). Little is known about the factors that influence patient motivation to participate in cardiovascular rehabilitation exercise. This study explores the factors that influence patient participation in rehabilitation exercise following coronary bypass surgery. This cross-sectional, correlational study recruited a convenience sample of 253 patients who had undergone coronary bypass surgery at a medical center in southern Taiwan. Structured questionnaires, including a patient rehabilitation exercise experience questionnaire, Short Form-36 Health Survey-Taiwan Form, and cardiac rehabilitation exercise design factors questionnaire were used for data collection. SPSS19.0 was used to analyze data. The variables "healthcare provider recommendation of rehabilitation exercise", "exercise program accessibility", "physical health status", and "patient post-surgical exercise patterns" each had a significant influence on participant participation in post-surgical rehabilitation exercise. Binary logistic regression analyses identified "receiving information on rehabilitation exercise", "level of patient-perceived importance of rehabilitation exercise", and "having post-surgical exercise patterns" as important predictors of participation in a rehabilitation exercise program, with OR ratios of 112, 7.86, and 3.23 times respectively. These 3 factors accounted for 90.1% of the total variance. Patient education on coronary bypass post-surgical rehabilitation exercise programs should be emphasized during pre-surgical consultation and care in order to facilitate the recovery of normal life functions following coronary bypass surgery.

  17. Problems of Cold Agglutinins in Cardiac Surgery: How to Manage Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Myocardial Protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kambiz Alizadeh

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Cold agglutinins are of unique relevance in cardiac surgerybecause of the use of hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB. Cold autoimmune diseases are defined by the presence of abnormal circulating proteins (usually IgM or IgA antibodies that agglutinate in response to a decrease in body temperature. These disorders include cryoglobulinemia and cold hemagglutinin disease.Immunoglobulin M autoantibodies to red blood cells, which activateat varying levels of hypothermia, can cause catastrophic hemagglutination,microvascular thrombosis, or hemolysis. Management of anesthesia in these patients includes strict maintenance of normothermia. Patients scheduled for the surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass present significant challenges. Use of systemic hypothermia may be contraindicated, and cold cardioplegia solutions may precipitate intracoronary hemagglutination with consequent thrombosis, ischemia, or infarction. Management of CPB andmyocardial protection requires individualized planning. We describea case of MV repair and CABG in a patient with high titercold agglutinins and high thermal amplitude for antibody activation.Normothermic CPB and continuous warm blood cardioplegia weresuccessfully used.

  18. [Electroacupuncture intervention combined with general anesthesia for 80 cases of heart valve replacement surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Hao; Zhou, Wen-Xiong; Wu, Yao-Yao; Chen, Tong-Yu; Ge, Wen; Yuan, Lan; Shen, Wei-Dong; Zhou, Jia

    2014-02-01

    To determine whether electroacupuncture (EA) intervention combined with general anesthesia (GA) strategy can reduce early post-operative morbidity and medical costs in patients undergoing heart valve replacement operation under cardiopulmonary bypass. A total of 160 heart valve replacement surgery patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass were randomly divided into GA and EA + GA groups (n = 80 in each group). Patients of the GA group were given with intravenous injection of Fentanyl, Midazolam, Vecuronium Bromide, etc. and routine tracheal intubation. EA (3-4 Hz, 2.0-2.2 mA) was applied to bilateral Zhongfu (LU 1), Chize (LU 5) and Ximen (PC 4) beginning about 20 mm before the surgery in the EA + GA group. Endotracheal intubation was not employed but only prepared as a standby for patients of the EA + GA group. The dosage of narcotic drugs, duration of surgery, duration of aertic blockage, rate of cardiac re-beating, volumes of post-operative blood transfusion, discharge volume, cases of post-operative pulmonary infection, vocal cord injury, and the time of first bed-off, first eating and duration in intensive care unit (IOU) residence. etc. were recorded. The successful rates of heart valve replacement surgery were similar in both GA and EA + GA groups. Compared with the GA group, the dosages of Fentanyl, Midazolam and Vecuronium of the EA + GA group were significantly lower (P heart valve replacement surgery without endotracheal intubation is safe and can reduce post-operative morbidity and medical costs in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass.

  19. Investigating the effect of family-focused nursing intervention on caregiver burden of the family members of the patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery in Isfahan Shahid Chamran Hospital during 2012

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Moieni, Mahin; Poorpooneh, Zahra; Pahlavanzadeh, Saeed

    2014-01-01

    Family burden is defined as the problems, concerns, and unpleasant events affecting the patients undergoing coronary arteries' surgery, and is associated with these patients physical and psychological improvement...

  20. Nitrite exhaled breath condensate study in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass cardiac surgery Estudo do nitrito do condensado do exalado pulmonar em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca com CEC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane dos Santos Augusto

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: There is a relative lack of studies on postoperative changes in nitrite (NO2 - concentrations, a marker of injury, following cardiac surgery. In this context, investigations on how exhaled NO concentrations vary in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery will certainly contribute to new clinical findings. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the EBC NO levels in both the pre and postoperative (24 hours periods of cardiac surgery. METHODS: Twenty - eight individuals were divided into three groups: 1 control, 2 coronary artery bypass grafting, and 3 valve surgery. The nitrite (NO2 - levels were measured by chemiluminescence in blood samples and exhaled breath condensate (EBC. Data were analyzed by the Mann - Whitney and Wilcoxon tests. RESULTS: 1 Preoperatively, the EBC NO2 - levels from groups 2 and 3 patients were higher than control individuals; 2 The postoperative (24 hours NO2 - levels in the EBC from group 3 patients were lower compared with preoperative values; 3 The NO2 - levels in the plasma from group 2 patients were lower in the preoperative compared with the postoperative (24h values and; 4 Preoperatively, there was no difference between groups 2 and 3 in terms of plasma NO2 - concentrations. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that NO measurement in EBC is feasible in cardiac surgery patients.INTRODUÇÃO: Estudos mostrando alterações das concentrações de nitrito (NO2 - exalado, com biomarcador de lesão, são raros em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca. Nesse contexto, o seu estudo no pré e pós - operatório de cirurgias cardíacas poderá contribuir para novos dados clínicos. OBJETIVO: O objetivo foi comparar os níveis de nitrito (NO2 - do condensado do exalado pulmonar (CEP no pré e pós - operatório de cirurgia cardíaca com circulação extracorpórea. MÉTODOS: Vinte e oito indivíduos foram alocados em três grupos: 1 controle, 2 revascularização do miocárdio e 3 corre

  1. Normothermic Versus Hypothermic Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Children Undergoing Open Heart Surgery (Thermic-2): Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baos, Sarah; Sheehan, Karen; Culliford, Lucy; Pike, Katie; Ellis, Lucy; Parry, Andrew J; Stoica, Serban; Ghorbel, Mohamed T; Caputo, Massimo

    2015-01-01

    Background During open heart surgery, patients are connected to a heart-lung bypass machine that pumps blood around the body (“perfusion”) while the heart is stopped. Typically the blood is cooled during this procedure (“hypothermia”) and warmed to normal body temperature once the operation has been completed. The main rationale for “whole body cooling” is to protect organs such as the brain, kidneys, lungs, and heart from injury during bypass by reducing the body’s metabolic rate and decreasing oxygen consumption. However, hypothermic perfusion also has disadvantages that can contribute toward an extended postoperative hospital stay. Research in adults and small randomized controlled trials in children suggest some benefits to keeping the blood at normal body temperature throughout surgery (“normothermia”). However, the two techniques have not been extensively compared in children. Objective The Thermic-2 study will test the hypothesis that the whole body inflammatory response to the nonphysiological bypass and its detrimental effects on different organ functions may be attenuated by maintaining the body at 35°C-37°C (normothermic) rather than 28°C (hypothermic) during pediatric complex open heart surgery. Methods This is a single-center, randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness and acceptability of normothermic versus hypothermic bypass in 141 children with congenital heart disease undergoing open heart surgery. Children having scheduled surgery to repair a heart defect not requiring deep hypothermic circulatory arrest represent the target study population. The co-primary clinical outcomes are duration of inotropic support, intubation time, and postoperative hospital stay. Secondary outcomes are in-hospital mortality and morbidity, blood loss and transfusion requirements, pre- and post-operative echocardiographic findings, routine blood gas and blood test results, renal function, cerebral function, regional oxygen saturation of

  2. Thrombelastographic haemostatic status and antiplatelet therapy after coronary artery bypass surgery (TEG-CABG trial)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rafiq, Sulman; Johansson, Pär I; Zacho, Mette

    2012-01-01

    , as compared to aspirin alone, will improve saphenous vein graft patency in preoperatively TEG-Hypercoagulable coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) patients and reduce their risk for thromboembolic complications and death postoperatively. METHODS: This is a prospective randomized clinical trial, with an open......ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hypercoagulability, assessed by the thrombelastography (TEG) assay, has in several observational studies been associated with an increased risk of post-procedural thromboembolic complications. We hypothesize that intensified antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin......-label design with blinded evaluation of graft patency. TEG-Hypercoagulability is defined as a TEG maximum amplitude above 69 mm. Two hundred and fifty TEG-Hypercoagulable patients will be randomized to either an interventional group receiving clopidogrel 75 mg daily for three months (after initial oral bolus...

  3. Do preoperative pulmonary function indices predict morbidity after coronary artery bypass surgery?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Najafi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: The reported prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD varies among different groups of cardiac surgical patients. Moreover, the prognostic value of preoperative COPD in outcome prediction is controversial. Aims: The present study assessed the morbidity in the different levels of COPD severity and the role of pulmonary function indices in predicting morbidity in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG. Settings and Design: Patients who were candidates for isolated CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass who were recruited for Tehran Heart Center-Coronary Outcome Measurement Study. Methods: Based on spirometry findings, diagnosis of COPD was considered based on Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease category as forced expiratory volume in 1 s [FEV1]/forced vital capacity 75% predicted, mild (FEV1 60-75% predicted, moderate (FEV1 50-59% predicted, severe (FEV1<50% predicted. The preoperative pulmonary function indices were assessed as predictors, and postoperative morbidity was considered the surgical outcome. Results: This study included 566 consecutive patients. Patients with and without COPD were similar regarding baseline characteristics and clinical data. Hypertension, recent myocardial infarction, and low ejection fraction were higher in patients with different degrees of COPD than the control group while male gender was more frequent in control patients than the others. Restrictive lung disease and current cigarette smoking did not have any significant impact on postoperative complications. We found a borderline P = 0.057 with respect to respiratory failure among different patients of COPD severity so that 14.1% patients in control group, 23.5% in mild, 23.4% in moderate, and 21.9% in severe COPD categories developed respiratory failure after CABG surgery. Conclusion: Among post-CABG complications, patients with different levels of COPD based on STS definition, more frequently developed

  4. Robotic versus laparoscopic stapling during robotic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery: a case-matched analysis of costs and clinical outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagen, Monika E; Jung, Minoa K; Fakhro, Jassim; Buchs, Nicolas C; Buehler, Leo; Mendoza, Jona M; Morel, Philippe

    2018-01-01

    The purpose of this analysis is to compare the robotic EndoWrist Stapling System (EWSS) 45 mm (Intuitive Surgical Inc. Sunnyvale, CA, USA) and the ECHELON FLEX™ ENDOPATH® Staplers (EFES) 60 mm (Ethicon, Cincinnati, OH, USA) for gastric pouch formation during robotic gastric bypass surgery. Patients who underwent robotic gastric bypass surgery with stapling using EWSS were matched with patients who underwent the same procedure with the EFES. Demographic, intra- and postoperative, and cost data were collected and analyzed. A total of 49 patients were identified who had undergone robotic gastric bypass surgery using EWSS. They were matched with 49 patients who underwent the equivalent procedure using EFES. With similar demographic parameters, corrected operating room time without cholecystectomy took longer for the patients that underwent surgery with EWSS (+22 min, p = 0.1042). Stapler clamping was unsuccessful in 19.0% of all recorded attempts with EWSS. Two intra-operative complications unrelated to stapling and one complication due to stapling were observed in the EWSS cohort, while none was observed for the EFES group. Significantly, more recharges were needed with EWSS to complete the gastric pouch (4.9 vs. 4.1, p = 0.0048) and overall stapling costs for the procedure were significantly higher (2212.2 vs. 1787.4 USD, p = 0.0001). Gastric pouch formation using EWSS during robotic gastric bypass surgery is feasible. Due to the shorter length of EWSS compared to EFES, more stapling recharges are required to complete gastric pouch formation and the stapling costs for gastric bypass surgery are higher. Further systematic research should be conducted to precisely determine the value of the robotic EWSS for gastric bypass surgery.

  5. Insulin resistance and inflammation are a cause of hyperglycemia after pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floh, Alejandro A; Manlhiot, Cedric; Redington, Andrew N; McCrindle, Brian W; Clarizia, Nadia A; Caldarone, Christopher A; Schwartz, Steven M

    2015-09-01

    Hyperglycemia is common after pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery and is attributed to a state of insulin resistance. We examined the role of CPB-induced inflammation on postoperative plasma glucose, insulin, and the glucose-to-insulin ratio, which was used as a marker of insulin resistance; a decrease in the ratio reflects increased resistance. We conducted an ancillary study on a previously published randomized trial of children undergoing CPB surgery. Serial blood glucose, insulin, and cytokines were drawn after CPB and at selected intervals for up to 48 hours after surgery. The primary outcome was plasma insulin levels and glucose-to-insulin ratio. Glucose delivery and feeding status were monitored for potential modifying effects. The 299 children studied were predominantly male (55%) with a median age of 2.7 (interquartile range [IQR]: 0.5-6.5) years, and weight of 12.6 (IQR: 6.4-10.8) kg. Operations had a median Society of Thoracic Surgery-European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery complexity score of 1 (IQR: 1-2) and CPB time of 82 (IQR: 58-122) minutes. Hyperglycemia occurred in 85% of subjects; odds of hyperglycemia peaked at 6 hours after CPB. Plasma glucose was associated with increased insulin and a lower glucose-to-insulin ratio. Increased interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations were associated with increased glucose (estimate [EST]: 0.55 (±0.13) mmol/L; P insulin (EST: 1.14 (±0.12) μmol/L; P insulin ratio (EST: 0.21 (±0.03) mmol/μmol; P Hyperglycemia after pediatric CPB surgery is associated with hyperinsulinemia, which may reflect insulin resistance in some patients. Inflammation induced by CPB may play a causative role in insulin resistance. Copyright © 2015 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Low prevalence of significant carotid artery disease in Iranian patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karimi Fatemeh

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Coronary artery bypass grafting ranks as one of the most frequent operations worldwide. The presence of carotid artery stenosis may increase the stroke rate in the perioperative period. Routine preoperative noninvasive assessment of the carotid arteries are recommended in many institutions to reduce the stroke rate. Methods 271 consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting at Shaheed Madani hospital of Tabriz, Iran (age, 58.5 Y; 73.1% male underwent preoperative ultrasonography for assessment of carotid artery wall thickness. Results Plaque in right common, left common, right internal and left internal carotid arteries was detected in 4.8%, 7.4%, 43.2% and 42.1% of patients respectively. 5 patients (1.8% had significant ( Conclusion Consecutive Iranian patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery show a very low prevalence of significant carotid artery disease.

  7. The effect of incentive spirometry on arterial blood gases after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazdannik, Ahmadreza; Bollbanabad, Hiva Mohammadi; Mirmohammadsadeghi, Mohsen; Khalifezade, Asghar

    2016-01-01

    After coronary artery bypass surgery, pulmonary complications and oxygenation disorders are common, which have an important role in mortality and morbidity. Different methods are used for the improvement of pulmonary function and oxygenation, of which incentive spirometry (IS) has been investigated here. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of IS on arterial blood gases after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). This was a clinical trial. Fifty patients who were candidates for CABG were chosen. The patients had been allocated to two random groups of intervention and control. The intervention was done through IS. These two groups were compared for the arterial blood gases' preoperative level, and the levels on first (after extubation), second, and third postoperative days. The study findings showed that on the third postoperative day, there was a significant difference between the intervention and control groups in the mean amount of arterial blood oxygen (82.3 ± 4.7 vs. 72.7 ± 7.1, respectively, P = 0.02), arterial blood carbon dioxide (36.8 ± 2 vs. 43.7 ± 3.2, respectively, P = 0.007), and oxygen saturation (96.8 ± 1.4 vs. 90.5 ± 1.4, respectively, P = 0.03). This investigation shows that using IS is significantly effective in the improvement of blood arterial gas parameters.

  8. Diabetic patients have abnormal cerebral autoregulation during cardiopulmonary bypass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Croughwell, N.; Lyth, M.; Quill, T.J.; Newman, M.; Greeley, W.J.; Smith, L.R.; Reves, J.G. (Duke Univ. Medical Center, Durham, NC (USA))

    1990-11-01

    We tested the hypothesis that insulin-dependent diabetic patients with coronary artery bypass graft surgery experience altered coupling of cerebral blood flow and oxygen consumption. In a study of 23 patients (11 diabetics and 12 age-matched controls), cerebral blood flow was measured using 133Xe clearance during nonpulsatile, alpha-stat blood gas managed cardiopulmonary bypass at the conditions of hypothermia and normothermia. In diabetic patients, the cerebral blood flow at 26.6 +/- 2.42 degrees C was 25.3 +/- 14.34 ml/100 g/min and at 36.9 +/- 0.58 degrees C it was 27.3 +/- 7.40 ml/100 g/min (p = NS). The control patients increased cerebral blood flow from 20.7 +/- 6.78 ml/100 g/min at 28.4 +/- 2.81 degrees C to 37.6 +/- 8.81 ml/100 g/min at 36.5 +/- 0.45 degrees C (p less than or equal to 0.005). The oxygen consumption was calculated from jugular bulb effluent and increased from hypothermic values of 0.52 +/- 0.20 ml/100 g/min in diabetics to 1.26 +/- 0.28 ml/100 g/min (p = 0.001) at normothermia and rose from 0.60 +/- 0.27 to 1.49 +/- 0.35 ml/100 g/min (p = 0.0005) in the controls. Thus, despite temperature-mediated changes in oxygen consumption, diabetic patients did not increase cerebral blood flow as metabolism increased. Arteriovenous oxygen saturation gradients and oxygen extraction across the brain were calculated from arterial and jugular bulb blood samples. The increase in arteriovenous oxygen difference between temperature conditions in diabetic patients and controls was significantly different (p = 0.01). These data reveal that diabetic patients lose cerebral autoregulation during cardiopulmonary bypass and compensate for an imbalance in adequate oxygen delivery by increasing oxygen extraction.

  9. Performance of TCI Propofol Using the Schnider Model for Cardiac Surgery on Cardiopulmonary Bypass-A Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Aaron Kwang Yang; Kong, Aaron Yik Hang; Kong, Chee Fai

    2017-10-04

    This pilot study aimed to evaluate the performance of target-controlled infusion (TCI) of propofol using the Schnider pharmacokinetic model in patients undergoing cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass. This was a prospective pharmacokinetic study. A tertiary care hospital. This study is comprised of 10 patients, aged between 46 and 81, who underwent elective cardiac surgery requiring the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. Anesthetic technique was standardized. Hypnosis was maintained using TCI of propofol, titrated to achieve a bispectral index of 30 to 60. Calculated plasma propofol concentrations were recorded at 5 time points in total, before, during, and after cardiopulmonary bypass. Blood propofol concentration was measured at each of these time points. The prediction errors and absolute prediction errors were calculated for each sample. From these, the median prediction error (MDPE) and its absolute value (MDAPE) were derived. Agreement between predicted and measured propofol concentrations was assessed using a Bland-Altman plot. Mean prediction errors were also compared pre-, on, and post-bypass using the generalized linear latent and mixed model. The MDPE and MDAPE were both found to be 45%, indicating significant bias toward under-prediction in the Schnider pharmacokinetic model. This bias was increased at an average propofol concentration of 4.5 μg/mL and above. A significant decrease in mean prediction error was noted while on bypass (45.6%, 95% confidence intervals 9.2-82.1). The performance of the Schnider pharmacokinetic model for TCI propofol was poor, with a tendency toward under-prediction of blood propofol concentration, especially at higher average concentrations of propofol. While mitigating the risk of awareness, the risk of other adverse effects like hypotension and cardiorespiratory depression is increased. Patients should therefore be adequately monitored, and predicted plasma propofol concentrations taken in context with other

  10. Cardiovascular risk profile before coronary artery bypass graft surgery in relation to depression and anxiety disorders: An age and sex propensity matched study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tully, Phillip J; Newland, Richard F; Baker, Robert A

    2015-02-01

    The cardiovascular risk profile and postoperative morbidity outcomes of anxiety disorder patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery is not known. In a cross-sectional design, 114 consecutive coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients were evaluated to create four matched groups (30 with anxiety disorder, 27 with depression disorder and 57 age-sex matched coronary artery bypass surgery control patients with no depression or anxiety disorder). By comparison to non-depression disorder age-sex matched controls, depressed patients presented for coronary artery bypass surgery with significantly greater myocardial inflammatory markers (Troponin T>02, 33.3% vs. 11.1%, p=.03), metabolic risk (body surface area>35 (22.2% vs. 0%, p=.03), comorbid cardiovascular risk (peripheral vascular disease 18.5% vs. 0%, p=.05). Depressed patients also recorded longer intraoperative time at higher temperatures >37°C on cardiopulmonary bypass (11.1 ± 9.0 vs. 6.0 ± 4.9, pPatients with anxiety disorder on the other hand presented with significantly higher Creatinine Kinase-Muscle Brain (5 IQR 4-5 ng/ml vs. 4 IQR 3-4 ng/ml, p=.04), higher intraoperative glucose levels (7.8 ± 2.5 mmol/l vs. 7.0 ± 1.2 mmol/l, p=.05), and received fewer grafts (2.1 ± .9 vs. 2.5 ± .9 p=.04). A differential cardiovascular risk profile and postoperative outcome was observed dependent on anxiety and depression disorder status. There were few modifiable cardiovascular risk factors at the time of surgery other than psychiatric status, perioperative management of depression and anxiety may have promise to reduce further cardiac morbidity after coronary artery bypass surgery. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  11. Fetal Growth in Pregnancies Conceived after Gastric Bypass Surgery in Relation to Surgery-to-Conception Interval

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Lone Nikoline; Gjerris, Anne Cathrine Roslev; Kirkegaard, Ida

    2014-01-01

    Medicine Database). Main outcome measures were early and late fetal growth in relation to time from bariatric surgery to conception of the pregnancy. Early fetal growth was expressed as "Fetal Growth Index": the ratio between the estimated number of days from first trimester ultrasound to second trimester......OBJECTIVE: To describe early and late fetal growth in pregnancies conceived after gastric bypass surgery in relation to time from surgery to conception of pregnancy. METHODS: National cohort study on 387 Danish women, who had laparoscopic or open gastric bypass surgery prior to a singleton...... ultrasound biometries and the actual calender time elapsed in days. Late fetal growth was expressed as the observed versus expected birthweight according to gestational age (GA). RESULTS: The surgery-to-conception interval ranged from 3 to 1851 days with a mean value of 502 (SD, 351) days. The mean "fetal...

  12. Use of the guidelines directed medical therapy after coronary artery bypass graft surgery in Saudi Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid A. Alburikan

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: incidence of cardiovascular diseases in Saudi Arabia is growing and more patients are expected to have cardiac revascularization surgery. Optimal pharmacotherapy management with Guideline Directed Medical Therapy (GDMT post coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG plays an important role in the prevention of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. The objective of this study was to assess the utilization of GDMT for secondary prevention in CABG patients and determine whether specific patients' characteristics can influence GDMT utilization. Method: A retrospective chart review of patients discharged from the hospital after CABG surgery from April 2015 to April 2016. The primary outcome was the utilization of secondary prevention GDMT after CABG surgery - aspirin, B-blockers, statin and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI (or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB in ACEI-intolerant patients. The proportions of eligible and ideal patients who received treatment were calculated, and mixed-effects logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR for the association of age, gender or patient nationality with the use of GDMT. Results: A total number of 119 patients included in the analysis. The median age of the cohort was 57.3 ± 11 years, and 83% were male (83.2%. Nearly 69.7% of patients had diabetes, and 82% had a previous diagnosis of hypertension. Nearly 91% received aspirin therapy and the rate was lower for B-blocker and statin. The rate of GDMT utilization did not change with the change in patient’s age, gender or nationality. Conclusion: Despite adjustments for contraindications to GDMT, the rate of GDMT utilization was suboptimal.

  13. Risk adjustment for coronary artery bypass graft surgery: an administrative approach versus EuroSCORE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ugolini, Cristina; Nobilio, Lucia

    2004-04-01

    To determine the ability of administrative data in predicting in-hospital mortality for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Patient data were obtained from the administrative databases on hospital discharge abstracts of the Italian region Emilia Romagna for the years 2000-2001. We used a multivariate logistic regression analysis to compare an ICD-9-CM risk adjustment approach based on administrative variables (such as age, gender, principal diagnosis, combined operation, previous cardiac surgery, emergency admission, and Charlson comorbidity index) with a risk adjustment approach based on the clinical European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) to predict in-hospital mortality and to assess hospital performance. In order to distinguish complications of care from comorbidities, we linked hospital data across multiple episodes of care up to 1 year before the admission for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). The risk adjustment approach based on ICD-9-CM data provides good explanatory ability in models assessing in-hospital mortality (the c statistics obtained are very close: c = 0.76 in 2000 and c = 0.80 in 2001 for the administrative model versus 0.78 in 2000 and 0.77 in 2001 for the clinical one) and in those ranking the centres (c = 0.78 in 2000 in both approaches, and c = 0.82 for the administrative model versus c = 0.78 for the clinical one in 2001). Adding some administrative variables considered proxy for clinical complexity to the administrative model and linking hospital data across patients' multiple episodes of care eliminated much of the difference in effectiveness between the clinical and administrative risk adjustment approach. Focusing on the health policy context of measuring CABG death rates, our study strengthened the thesis that, with the growing improvement in accurate coding practice, administrative databases could provide a valuable and economical source for health planning and research.

  14. Sleeve gastrectomy and Roux En Y gastric bypass: current state of metabolic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torgersen, Zachary; Osmolak, Angela; Forse, Robert Armour

    2014-10-01

    Roux En Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is considered the bariatric gold standard. Recently, sleeve gastrectomy has gained significant popularity. Early evidence suggests sleeve gastrectomy as a well tolerated and efficacious alternative to RYGB. This article compares RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy by reviewing and summarizing recently published clinical trials. Surgery remains the most effective therapy for obese patients meeting criteria. Excess weight loss in short-term follow-up appears similar between RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy. Long-term data on sleeve gastrectomy are limited. RYGB is more effective in producing resolution and remission of type II diabetes mellitus, particularly in patients at high risk for relapse. RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy are similar in their reduction of other obesity-related comorbid conditions with the exception of gastroesophageal reflux disease. RYGB has slightly higher overall morbidity but mortality is similar. RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy are well tolerated and effective bariatric operations and represent metabolic surgery. More prospective, long-term data are needed. Both procedures benefit specific groups of patients better than the other. Research defining the obese patient's metabolic state and the metabolic response to both operations will ultimately allow physicians to optimally match patient and procedure.

  15. Effect of trimetazidine and glucose- insulin-potassium use on myocard during beating heart coronary artery bypass surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulkadir Ercan

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This prospective, randomised, controlled, clinical study was planned to determine the effect of trimetazidine and glucose - insulin - potassium (GIK on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion during beating heart coronary artery bypass surgery.Materials and methods: Patients (n=45 with coronary artery disease who required beating heart coronary artery bypass grafting were randomly allocated into three groups. Patients in group 1 (n=15 was recevied trimetazidine (20 mg x 3 per day 7 days before surgery. Patients in group 2 (n=15 received GIK infusion after induction of anesthesia through the first 12 hours of intensive care unit convalescence. Patients in group 3 (n=15 were control group. Measurements of blood glucose, circulating creatine kinase MB (CK-MB and Troponin I (TnI concentrations were obtained before surgery, 5 minutes after completion of operation and at 12, 24, and 48 hours postoperatively. Mean pulmonary artery pressure, cardiac index, morbidity and data associated with operation were recorded in all patients preoperatively and postoperatively.Results: Preoperative risk profiles and operative variables were statistically similar when the groups were compared. The concentration of circulating CK-MB and Tn I significantly increased over time after off - pump coronary artery surgery, with no significant intergroup differences. Cardiac index and mean pulmonary artery pressure did not differ significantly between groups.Conclusion: Pretreatment with trimetazidine and GIK infusion protocol were used as an adjunct to ischemic - reperfusion therapy in off - pump coronary artery bypass surgery. These results suggested that pretreatment with trimetazidine and GIK infusion protocol do not significantly reduce ischemic reperfusion damage.

  16. Methylprednisolone in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (SIRS): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitlock, Richard P; Devereaux, P J; Teoh, Kevin H; Lamy, Andre; Vincent, Jessica; Pogue, Janice; Paparella, Domenico; Sessler, Daniel I; Karthikeyan, Ganesan; Villar, Juan Carlos; Zuo, Yunxia; Avezum, Álvaro; Quantz, Mackenzie; Tagarakis, Georgios I; Shah, Pallav J; Abbasi, Seyed Hesameddin; Zheng, Hong; Pettit, Shirley; Chrolavicius, Susan; Yusuf, Salim

    2015-09-26

    Cardiopulmonary bypass initiates a systemic inflammatory response syndrome that is associated with postoperative morbidity and mortality. Steroids suppress inflammatory responses and might improve outcomes in patients at high risk of morbidity and mortality undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. We aimed to assess the effects of steroids in patients at high risk of morbidity and mortality undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. The Steroids In caRdiac Surgery (SIRS) study is a double-blind, randomised, controlled trial. We used a central computerised phone or interactive web system to randomly assign (1:1) patients at high risk of morbidity and mortality from 80 hospital or cardiac surgery centres in 18 countries undergoing cardiac surgery with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass to receive either methylprednisolone (250 mg at anaesthetic induction and 250 mg at initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass) or placebo. Patients were assigned with block randomisation with random block sizes of 2, 4, or 6 and stratified by centre. Patients aged 18 years or older were eligible if they had a European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation of at least 6. Patients were excluded if they were taking or expected to receive systemic steroids in the immediate postoperative period or had a history of bacterial or fungal infection in the preceding 30 days. Patients, caregivers, and those assessing outcomes were masked to allocation. The primary outcomes were 30-day mortality and a composite of death and major morbidity (ie, myocardial injury, stroke, renal failure, or respiratory failure) within 30 days, both analysed by intention to treat. Safety outcomes were also analysed by intention to treat. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00427388. Patients were recruited between June 21, 2007, and Dec 19, 2013. Complete 30-day data was available for all 7507 patients randomly assigned to methylprednisolone (n=3755) and to placebo (n=3752). Methylprednisolone, compared

  17. Fetal growth in pregnancies conceived after gastric bypass surgery in relation to surgery-to-conception interval: a Danish national cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lone Nikoline Nørgaard

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe early and late fetal growth in pregnancies conceived after gastric bypass surgery in relation to time from surgery to conception of pregnancy. METHODS: National cohort study on 387 Danish women, who had laparoscopic or open gastric bypass surgery prior to a singleton pregnancy in which first trimester screening was performed between January 2008 and June 2011. Data were derived from national registers (Danish National Registry of Patients and Danish National Birth Registry, Pregnancy Complications and Abortion-clinical quality database (PreCAb and the Danish Fetal Medicine Database. Main outcome measures were early and late fetal growth in relation to time from bariatric surgery to conception of the pregnancy. Early fetal growth was expressed as "Fetal Growth Index": the ratio between the estimated number of days from first trimester ultrasound to second trimester ultrasound biometries and the actual calender time elapsed in days. Late fetal growth was expressed as the observed versus expected birthweight according to gestational age (GA. RESULTS: The surgery-to-conception interval ranged from 3 to 1851 days with a mean value of 502 (SD, 351 days. The mean "fetal growth index" was 0.99 (SD, 0.02 days/day and thus significantly lower than in the background population (mean, 1.04 (SD, 0.09 days/day, p<0.0001. The proportion of infants being small for gestational age was 18.8% and the proportion of large for gestational age infants was 6.7%. The correlation coefficients between surgery-to-conception time and "fetal growth index" and birthweight according to GA were 0.01 (p = 0.8 and 0.04 (p = 0.4, respectively. CONCLUSION: Fetal growth index was lower than reported in the background population. No correlation was found between the surgery-to-conception interval and early or late fetal growth in pregnancies conceived after gastric bypass surgery.

  18. Transesophageal echocardiography guided cannulation for peripheral cardiopulmonary bypass during robotic cardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yao; Gao, Chang-qing; Wang, Gang; Wang, Jia-li

    2012-09-01

    Minimally invasive cardiac surgery and closed chest cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) techniques continue to evolve. Previous reports have demonstrated the benefits of fluoroscopy guided cannulation for endovascular CPB during port access cardiac surgery. However, few data are available on the role of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) guided cannulation for peripheral CPB during robotic cardiac surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate TEE guided cannulation for peripheral CPB during robotic cardiac surgery. We performed a retrospective analysis of intraoperative data of 129 consecutive patients underwent robotic cardiac surgical procedures requiring peripheral CPB from September 2007 to August 2011, which was established using femoral arterial inflow and kinetic venous drainage by way of the femoral vein and right internal jugular vein and a transthoracic aortic cross clamp. TEE was used to guide cannulation of the inferior vena cava (IVC), superior vena cava (SVC), and ascending aorta (AAO). The success rate and the complication rate of TEE guided cannulation for peripheral CPB were evaluated and compared with the results of fluoroscopy guided cannulation in a historical control group. One hundred and twenty-nine consecutive patients underwent robotic cardiac surgical procedures requiring peripheral CPB. There were 67 female (51.9%) and 62 male (48.1%) patients, ranging in age from 13 to 70 years (mean (43.94 ± 13.82) years) and body surface area 1.32 to 2.39 m(2) (mean (1.71 ± 0.20) m(2)). Some 61 (47.3%) patients underwent mitral valve repair, 27 (20.9%) mitral valve replacement, 27 (20.9%) left atrial myxoma removal, and 14 (10.9%) ventricular septal defect repair. Of the 129 patients, TEE guided cannulation of the IVC or SVC was successful in all patients (100%), and no puncture related complications occurred in all patients. Of the 129 patients, successful cannulation of the AAO was achieved in all patients (100%), and aortic perforation occurred

  19. Differences between Slovak and Dutch patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass graft surgery regarding clinical and psychosocial predictors of physical and mental health-related quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Baz, Noha; Ondusova, Daniela; Studencan, Martin; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Reijneveld, Sijmen A; van Dijk, Jitse P; Middel, Berrie

    2017-12-01

    Differences in health-related quality of life in coronary artery disease patients and associated factors between patients of central and western European descent are rarely investigated. We aim to test differences between Dutch and Slovak health-related quality of life, whether nationality predicted health-related quality of life and if standardised beta weights of health-related quality of life determinants differ across countries. An observational multicentre study at university cardiac centres in the Netherlands and Slovakia. In 226 coronary artery disease patients, health-related quality of life was measured by the Short Form Health Survey 36, anxiety and depression were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and type D personality was assessed with the 14-item Type D Scale. Multivariate analysis was used to explore the effect of patient characteristics on the physical and mental component summaries. Estimates of each predictor's beta value of the physical and mental component summaries in the Slovak and Dutch patient sample were separately calculated using the Cummings criterion for comparison of two independent betas. Stronger predictors of physical health-related quality of life in Slovak patients were educational level, current smoking, poor functional status, history of diabetes and amount of social support. In Dutch patients, only more symptoms of depression was a stronger predictor ( Pquality of life, stronger predictors were educational level, current smoking and amount of social support. Female gender, history of myocardial infarction and more symptoms of depression were stronger predictors in Dutch patients ( Pquality of life should be considered while planning care, follow-up, health education and rehabilitation.

  20. Off-Pump Triple Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in a Patient with Situs Inversus Totalis: Case Presentation and a Brief Review of the Brazilian and the International Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Junior Toshiyuki Karigyo

    Full Text Available Abstract A 76-year-old man with situs inversus totalis underwent a successful off-pump three-vessel coronary artery bypass surgery. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged 8 days later. At 9-month follow-up a coronary computed tomography angiography confirmed the viability of all of the grafts, and one year after the operation the patient remained asymptomatic. It comprises the fifth Brazilian case of a coronary surgery in a patient with situs inversus totalis and the first one of the country of a coronary artery bypass surgery without the use of the cardiopulmonary bypass in this condition.

  1. Outcome of Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass (LRYGB) with a Program for Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahl, Tilda; Peromaa-Haavisto, Pipsa; Tarkiainen, Pekka; Knutar, Otto; Victorzon, Mikael

    2016-03-01

    Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs are well established for patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Relatively little is known about ERAS following bariatric surgery in general or following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in particular. This is a prospective, observational study of 388 consecutive patients that underwent LRYGB with ERAS in a general hospital. The ERAS protocol included standardizations of pre-, intra-, and postoperative modalities in order to reduce the stress response of the patients. Primary outcome measures were length of stay (LOS), postoperative morbidity, readmissions, and reoperations. Mean (SD) baseline body mass index (BMI) and age was 46.4 (6.7) kg/m(2) and 45.1 (11.2) years, respectively. Fifty-four percent of the patients were on medication for hypertension (HT) and 38 % for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Mean (SD) and median (range) surgical time was 73.8 (16.9) and 65 (40-143) min, respectively. Mean LOS was 1.3 days (1.1), median 1 day (1-14). Of all patients, 322 (83 %) were discharged on the first postoperative day (POD). Overall morbidity was 9.8 %. Three patients (0.8 %) had life-threatening complications. The readmission rate was 4.9 %, and 3.4 % of the patients had to be reoperated. With a follow-up rate of 83 % at 1 year, total weight loss (TWL) was 31 % and excess BMI loss (EBMIL) 70 %. Total remission of DM2 and HT was achieved in 70 and 42 % of the patients, respectively. Enhanced recovery following LRYGB with ERAS programs is possible and safe even in a low volume, general hospital. Early discharge does not increase postoperative morbidity or readmissions.

  2. Combined Open-Heart Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    CASE DETAILS: A 54-year-old woman suffering from dyspnea, chest pain and decreased left ventricular function (EF=40%) was diagnosed with coronary artery disease (3 vessel disease) and became candidate for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Also, she had multinodular goiter with normal thyroid function test.

  3. The effect of mannitol on renal function after cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with established renal dysfunction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, M N A; Best, D; Sheppard, S V; Smith, D C

    2008-07-01

    The usefulness of mannitol in the priming fluid for cardiopulmonary bypass is uncertain in patients with normal renal function, and has not been studied in patients with established renal dysfunction. We studied 50 patients with serum creatinine between 130 and 250 micromol.l(-1) having cardiac surgery. Patients were randomised to receive mannitol 0.5 g.kg(-1), or an equivalent volume of Hartmann's solution, in the bypass prime. There were no differences between the groups in plasma creatinine or change in creatinine from baseline, urine output, or fluid balance over the first three postoperative days. We conclude that mannitol has no effect on routine measures of renal function during cardiac surgery in patients with established renal dysfunction.

  4. Gastrointestinal complications of bariatric Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sandrasegaran, Kumaresan; Rajesh, Arumugam; Lall, Chandana; Maglinte, Dean D. [Indiana University Medical Center, UH 0279, Department of Radiology, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Gomez, Gerardo A. [Wishard Memorial Hospital, Department of Surgery, Indianapolis (United States); Lappas, John C. [Wishard Memorial Hospital, Department of Radiology, Indianapolis (United States)

    2005-02-01

    Obesity is rapidly becoming the most important public health issue in USA and Europe. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is now established as the gold standard for treating intractable morbid or super obesity. We reviewed the imaging findings following this surgery in 234 patients. In this pictorial essay we present the CT and upper gastrointestinal contrast study appearances of the expected postoperative anatomy as well as a range of abdominal complications. The complications are classified into leaks, fistula and obstruction. Postoperative gastric outlet and small bowel obstruction can be caused by anastomotic stenosis, mesocolic tunnel stenosis, adhesions, stomal ulcer, obturation, intussusception and internal or external hernia. Small bowel obstruction may be of a simple, closed loop and/or strangulating type. The radiologist should be able to diagnose the type and possible cause of obstruction. (orig.)

  5. Recommended nutritional supplements for bariatric surgery patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malone, Margaret

    2008-12-01

    To review nutritional supplements commonly required after bariatric surgery to provide a practical guide and reference source for generalist healthcare providers. A PubMed literature search (1988-July 2008) was conducted, using the search term nutritional deficiency after bariatric surgery, and was limited to English-language literature on adult (aged >19 y) human subjects. Additional references from the selected literature were also included. Data were extracted from large clinical series and practice guidelines whenever possible. Case reports were used only when they were the sole information source. Nutritional deficiencies that occur after bariatric surgery depend significantly on the type of surgery performed. Restrictive procedures such as gastric banding are the least likely to cause nutritional deficits, since none of the intestine is bypassed. Malabsorptive procedures such as biliopancreatic diversion or mixed restrictive/malabsorptive procedures (eg, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass) can result in serious nutritional problems when patients do not take required supplements after surgery. Vitamins and minerals that are commonly deficient in this circumstance include vitamin B(12), calcium, vitamin D, thiamine, folic acid, iron, zinc, and magnesium. Rare ocular complications have been reported with hypovitaminosis A. Healthcare professionals, especially those who practice outside large bariatric centers, must be aware of the supplements required by patients who have had bariatric surgery. Many patients fail to follow up with the surgery centers and are managed by their primary care teams and community pharmacists, especially in the selection of multivitamin and nutritional supplements.

  6. Changes in adhesion molecule expression and oxidative burst activity of granulocytes and monocytes during open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass compared with abdominal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, P; Nielsen, C H; Tønnesen, E

    1998-01-01

    burst of the granulocytes and monocytes decreased after declamping to 15% and 27% of initial values in vitro. Several hours after surgery, there was no significant difference between the two groups. These results can be explained by a granulocyte and monocyte refractory response developing subsequent......Cardiac and major abdominal surgery are associated with granulocytosis in peripheral blood. The purpose of the present study was to describe the granulocyte and monocyte oxidative burst and the expression of adhesion molecules following cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and abdominal...... surgery. The ability to respond with an oxidative burst was measured by means of flow cytometry using 123-dihydrorhodamine. The adhesion molecules CD11a/CD18, CD11c/CD18, CD44 were measured using monoclonal antibodies. Blood samples from eight patients undergoing open-heart surgery were taken before...

  7. Clinical and metabolic results of fasting abbreviation with carbohydrates in coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feguri, Gibran Roder; Lima, Paulo Ruiz Lúcio; Lopes, Andréa Mazoni; Roledo, Andréa; Marchese, Miriam; Trevisan, Mônica; Ahmad, Haitham; Freitas, Bruno Baranhuk de; Aguilar-Nascimento, José Eduardo de

    2012-01-01

    Limited information is available about preoperative fasting abbreviation with administration of liquid enriched with carbohydrates (CHO) in cardiovascular surgeries. To evaluate clinical variables, security of the method and effects on the metabolism of patients undergoing fasting abbreviation in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Forty patients undergoing CABG were randomized to receive 400 ml (6 hours before) and 200 ml (2 hours before) of maltodextrin at 12.5% (Group I, n=20) or just water (Group II, n=20) before anesthetic induction. Perioperative clinical variables were evaluated. Insulin resistance (IR) was evaluated by Homa-IR index and also by the need of exogenous insulin; pancreatic beta-cell excretory function by Homa-Beta index and glycemic control by tests of capillary glucose. Deaths, bronchoaspiration, mediastinitis, stroke and acute myocardial infarction did not occur. Atrial fibrillation occurred in two patients of each group and infectious complications did not differ among groups (P=0.611). Patients of Group I presented two days less of hospital stay (P=0.025) and one day less in the ICU (P0.05). A decline in the endogenous production of insulin was observed in both groups (P<0.001). Preoperative fasting abbreviation with the administration of CHO in the CABG was safe. The glycemic control improved in the ICU; there was less time in the use of dobutamine and length of hospital and ICU stay was reduced. However, neither IR nor morbimortality during hospital phase were influenced.

  8. Arterial clamping leads to stenosis at clamp sites after femoropopliteal bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vriens, Bianca H R; Pol, Robert A; Hulsebos, Robin G; van Det, Rob J; van der Palen, Job; Zeebregts, Clark J; Geelkerken, Robert H

    2015-09-01

    To date, the incidence and clinical relevance of arterial stenosis at clamp sites after femoropopliteal bypass surgery is unknown. Ninety-four patients underwent a femoropopliteal bypass in which the arterial inflow and outflow clamp sites were controlled by the Fogarty-Soft-Inlay clamp and marked with an hemoclip. The number of pre-existing atherosclerotic segments, clamp force, and clamp time were recorded and the occurrence of a stenosis at the clamp site was determined. After a mean follow-up of 83 months, a significant stenosis was confirmed at 23 of the 178 clamp sites (12.9%; 95% confidence interval 8.4 to 18.8). The mean number of pre-existing atherosclerotic segments (P = .28) and the mean clamp force (P = .55) was similar between the groups with and without a stenosis. There was a significant difference regarding clamp time between the group with and without a stenosis (38 minutes and 26 minutes, P = .001). Arterial clamping, even with the Fogarty-Soft-Inlay clamp, can lead to clamp stenosis and seems to be related to the duration of clamping, but not to pre-existent atherosclerotic burden. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Internal hernia after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery: a case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Heidi; Chastanet, Robert; Lucha, Paul A

    2008-07-31

    Obesity is becoming more common in the United States, affecting > or = 30% of adults aged 20 years and older. Obesity (body mass index 30) is ranked second only to tobacco use as a preventable cause of death in the United States. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is being performed at a rapidly increasing rate, and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) surgery is frequently chosen rather than an open approach because of lower morbidity rates. One of the complications of LRYGBP includes small bowel obstruction (SBO) secondary to internal herniation. When RYGBP is performed through the open approach, SBO is most commonly caused by adhesions. The challenge with these patients is that the presenting signs, symptoms, and physical and radiological examinations may be vague, nonspecific, and/or nondiagnostic. Internal hernias that result as a complication of LRYGBP occur in 1 of 3 places. These locations include the transverse mesocolon, the jejunal mesenteric defect at the level of the jejunojejunostomy, and Petersen's space, which is the area between the mesentery of the Roux limb and the transverse mesocolon. We report the case of a 45-year-old woman who presented with SBO secondary to Petersen's hernia. The clinical presentation and radiologic studies are discussed.

  10. Atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass surgery: Possibilities of prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obrenović-Kirćanski Biljana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Atrial fibrillation occurs as a frequent complication after cardiac interventions. It can be found in 5% of all surgical patients, and it is far more common in cardiac (10% - 65% of patients than in non-cardiac procedures. In a number of patients it remains asymptomatic, but may be accompanied by very severe symptoms of hypotension, heart failure, syncope, systemic or pulmonary embolism, perioperative myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular insult and increased operative mortality. Patients whose postoperative course is complicated by atrial fibrillation require longer hospitalization. Possible predisposing factors of this arrhythmia are numerous and are associated with surgery, extensive coronary heart disease and revascularization, and preoperative diseases. According to the recommendations of the European Society of Cardiology orally applied beta-blocker, amiodarone and sotalol can be used for prophylaxis of atrial fibrillation. Following the recommendations, treatment of postoperative atrial fibrillation should include beta-blockers, amiodarone, and in patients with heart failure and left ventricular dysfunction, digoxin. Due to the increased risk of stroke, an anticoagulant protection is necessary. Many studies have been conducted with results supporting the prophylactic use of amiodarone and beta-blockers, while the treatment with new agents such as magnesium, statins, omega-3 fatty acids and inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is still being investigated.

  11. Endoscopic versus open radial artery harvest and mammario-radial versus aorto-radial grafting in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery: protocol for the 2 × 2 factorial designed randomised NEO trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carranza, Christian L; Ballegaard, Martin; Werner, Mads U; Hasbak, Philip; Kjær, Andreas; Kofoed, Klaus F; Lindschou, Jane; Jakobsen, Janus Christian; Gluud, Christian; Olsen, Peter Skov; Steinbrüchel, Daniel A

    2014-04-23

    Coronary artery bypass grafting using the radial artery has, since the 1990s, gone through a revival. Observational studies have indicated better long-term patency when using radial arteries. Therefore, radial artery might be preferred especially in younger patients where long time patency is important. During the last 10 years different endoscopic techniques to harvest the radial artery have evolved. Endoscopic radial artery harvest only requires a small incision near the wrist in contrast to open harvest, which requires an incision from the elbow to the wrist. However, it is unknown whether the endoscopic technique results in fewer complications or a graft patency comparable to open harvest. When the radial artery has been harvested, there are two ways to use the radial artery as a graft. One way is sewing it onto the aorta and another is sewing it onto the mammary artery. It is unknown which technique is the superior revascularisation technique. The NEO Trial is a randomised clinical trial with a 2 × 2 factorial design. We plan to randomise 300 participants into four intervention groups: (1) mammario-radial endoscopic group; (2) aorto-radial endoscopic group; (3) mammario-radial open surgery group; and (4) aorto-radial open surgery group.The hand function will be assessed by a questionnaire, a clinical examination, the change in cutaneous sensibility, and the measurement of both sensory and motor nerve conduction velocity at 3 months postoperatively. All the postoperative complications will be registered, and we will evaluate muscular function, scar appearance, vascular supply to the hand, and the graft patency including the patency of the central radial artery anastomosis. A patency evaluation by multi-slice computer tomography will be done at one year postoperatively.We expect the nerve conduction studies and the standardised neurological examinations to be able to discriminate differences in hand function comparing endoscopic to open harvest of the

  12. Refractory spasm of coronary arteries and grafted conduits after isolated coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorusso, Roberto; Crudeli, Elena; Lucà, Fabiana; De Cicco, Giuseppe; Vizzardi, Enrico; D'Aloia, Antonio; Gelsomino, Sandro

    2012-02-01

    Refractory vascular spasm (RVS) concomitantly involving the entire coronary artery system and grafted conduits after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is a rare, but dreadful event. No consensus exists in terms of appropriate management. Between 1986 and 2009, 5,762 patients underwent isolated CABG at our institution, and 7 patients experienced RVS involving the coronary arteries and implanted conduits. Mean age was 65.6 years and 3 were female. All patients received from 3 to 5 distal anastomoses, including use of the left internal mammary artery. During the same time period, 18 patients experienced perioperative vasospasm of a single coronary artery or of a grafted conduit. All diffuse RVS events occurred between 3 and 8 hours after surgery. All patients had diffuse ischemic-like electrocardiographic changes, and 5 patients rapidly developed cardiogenic shock in the intensive care unit. Angiography was quickly performed in all patients and showed diffuse RVS involving either the native coronary arteries or the anastomosed arterial and venous conduits. The first 5 patients of this series died in the catheterization lab due to rapidly evolving refractory cardiogenic shock and unresponsive cardiac arrest, despite intraaortic counterpulsation and aggressive pharmacologic interventions (selective vasodilators and systemic inotropes). In the last 2 patients, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was quickly instituted (1 in the catheterization lab, 1 in the operating room) and RVS could be successfully managed with complete resolution of ongoing vasospasm. In the single vascular spasm, there was only 1 death for refractory cardiac arrest, whereas all the other patients were successfully treated with direct infusion of vasodilators. Diffuse RVS after CABG is a rare but lethal condition. Our experience, although limited, indicates that in such cases an aggressive treatment, that is, prompt extracorporeal membrane oxygenation institution and controlled

  13. Is there a role for robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass in patients with a colostomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibber, Marc; Lehr, Eric J; Kon, Zachary N; Wehman, P Brody; Griffith, Bartley P; Bonatti, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    Preoperative colostomy presents a significant risk of sternal wound complications, mediastinitis, and ostomy injury in patients requiring coronary artery bypass grafting. Less invasive procedures in coronary surgery have a potential to reduce the risk of sternal wound healing problems. Robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with a colostomy has not been reported. We describe a case of completely endoscopic coronary surgery using the da Vinci Si system in a patient with a transverse colostomy. Single left internal mammary artery grafting to the left anterior coronary artery was performed successfully on the beating heart. We regard this technique as the least invasive method of surgical coronary revascularization with a potential to reduce the risk of surgical site infection and mediastinitis in patients with a colostomy.

  14. A randomized trial of the topical effect of antifibrinolytic epsilon aminocaproic Acid on coronary artery bypass surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurian, Danilo Bortolotto; Meneghini, Adriano; Abreu, Luiz Carlos de; Murad, Neif; Matos, Leandro Luongo de; Pires, Adilson Casemiro; Valenti, Vitor E; Breda, João Roberto

    2014-09-01

    We assessed the effect of the topical application of epsilon-aminocaproic antifibrinolytic acid (EACA) on the pericardium of patients submitted to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). This is a prospective, randomized, and double-blind study. We evaluated 26 patients with chronic coronary heart disease indicated for CABG without CPB (EACA and placebo groups). The analysis of the postoperative hematological results showed no difference between groups in hemoglobin and hematocrit. There was no difference between the groups regarding the postoperative bleeding through the drains in the first 24 hours, 48 hours, and accumulated loss until removal of drains. The use of EACA in patients undergoing CABG without CPB presented no difference in the reduction of the amount of bleeding and the need for blood transfusions. © The Author(s) 2013.

  15. First autopsy analysis of a neovascularized arterial network induced by indirect bypass surgery for moyamoya disease: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukawa, Maki; Nariai, Tadashi; Inaji, Motoki; Tamada, Natsumi; Maehara, Taketoshi; Matsushima, Yoshiharu; Ohno, Kikuo; Negi, Mariko; Kobayashi, Daisuke

    2016-05-01

    The object of this study was to analyze the pathology of collateral vessels newly induced by indirect bypass surgery for moyamoya disease (MMD). An autopsy analysis was conducted on a 39-year-old woman with MMD who had died of a brainstem infarction. The patient had undergone bilateral indirect bypass surgeries 22 years earlier. Sufficient revascularization via bilateral external carotid arterial systems was confirmed by cerebral angiography before her death. Macroscopic observation of the operative areas revealed countless meandering vessels on the internal surface of the dura mater connected with small vessels on the brain surface and in the subpial brain tissue. Notably, microscopic analysis of these vessels revealed the characteristic 3-layer structure of an arterial wall. This autopsy analysis was the first to confirm that indirect bypass surgery had induced the formation of a new arterial network (arteriogenesis) and that this network had been maintained for more than 20 years to compensate for the chronic cerebral ischemia caused by the MMD.

  16. Link Between Increased Satiety Gut Hormones and Reduced Food Reward After Gastric Bypass Surgery for Obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstone, Anthony P; Miras, Alexander D; Scholtz, Samantha; Jackson, Sabrina; Neff, Karl J; Pénicaud, Luc; Geoghegan, Justin; Chhina, Navpreet; Durighel, Giuliana; Bell, Jimmy D; Meillon, Sophie; le Roux, Carel W

    2016-02-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is an effective long-term intervention for weight loss maintenance, reducing appetite, and also food reward, via unclear mechanisms. To investigate the role of elevated satiety gut hormones after RYGB, we examined food hedonic-reward responses after their acute post-prandial suppression. These were randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover experimental medicine studies. Two groups, more than 5 months after RYGB for obesity (n = 7-11), compared with nonobese controls (n = 10), or patients after gastric banding (BAND) surgery (n = 9) participated in the studies. Studies were performed after acute administration of the somatostatin analog octreotide or saline. In one study, patients after RYGB, and nonobese controls, performed a behavioral progressive ratio task for chocolate sweets. In another study, patients after RYGB, and controls after BAND surgery, performed a functional magnetic resonance imaging food picture evaluation task. Octreotide increased both appetitive food reward (breakpoint) in the progressive ratio task (n = 9), and food appeal (n = 9) and reward system blood oxygen level-dependent signal (n = 7) in the functional magnetic resonance imaging task, in the RYGB group, but not in the control groups. Octreotide suppressed postprandial plasma peptide YY, glucagon-like peptide-1, and fibroblast growth factor-19 after RYGB. The reduction in plasma peptide YY with octreotide positively correlated with the increase in brain reward system blood oxygen level-dependent signal in RYGB/BAND subjects, with a similar trend for glucagon-like peptide-1. Enhanced satiety gut hormone responses after RYGB may be a causative mechanism by which anatomical alterations of the gut in obesity surgery modify behavioral and brain reward responses to food.

  17. New routing alternative for proximal anterior tibial artery bypass in patients with Buerger disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Taeseung; Ra, Hwan Do; Park, Yang Jin; Park, Hyung Sub; Kim, Sang Joon

    2011-12-01

    Femoral-anterior tibial artery bypasses with autogenous grafts are difficult to perform when sufficiently long saphenous veins are not available. We performed 12 bypasses on patients with Buerger disease during a 20-year period using a new intermuscular tunneling technique. The graft is passed from the thigh between the muscle compartments without penetrating the muscle fibers, providing an anatomically superior and shorter path. The primary patency rates were 75% at 5 years and 65% at 10 years. We believe that our tunneling technique is safe and durable and might be a viable alternative for proximal femoral-anterior tibial artery bypass in selected patients. Copyright © 2011 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Two-Year Changes in Bone Density After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouxsein, Mary L.; Putman, Melissa S.; Monis, Elizabeth L.; Roy, Adam E.; Pratt, Janey S. A.; Butsch, W. Scott; Finkelstein, Joel S.

    2015-01-01

    Context: Bariatric surgery is increasingly popular but may lead to metabolic bone disease. Objective: The objective was to determine the rate of bone loss in the 24 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Design and Setting: This was a prospective cohort study conducted at an academic medical center. Participants: The participants were adults with severe obesity, including 30 adults undergoing gastric bypass and 20 nonsurgical controls. Outcomes: We measured bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine and proximal femur by quantitative computed tomography (QCT) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry at 0, 12, and 24 months. BMD and bone microarchitecture were also assessed by high-resolution peripheral QCT, and estimated bone strength was calculated using microfinite element analysis. Results: Weight loss plateaued 6 months after gastric bypass but remained greater than controls at 24 months (−37 ± 3 vs −5 ± 3 kg [ mean ± SEM]; P bypass compared with nonsurgical controls, as assessed by QCT and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (P bypass. Cortical and trabecular BMD and microarchitecture at the distal radius and tibia deteriorated in the gastric bypass group throughout the 24 months, such that estimated bone strength was 9% lower than controls. The decline in BMD persisted beyond the first year, with rates of bone loss exceeding controls throughout the second year at all skeletal sites. Mean serum calcium, 25(OH)-vitamin D, and PTH were maintained within the normal range in both groups. Conclusions: Substantial bone loss occurs throughout the 24 months after gastric bypass despite weight stability in the second year. Although the benefits of gastric bypass surgery are well established, the potential for adverse effects on skeletal integrity remains an important concern. PMID:25646793

  19. Single crossclamp improves 6-month cognitive outcome in high-risk coronary bypass patients: the effect of reduced aortic manipulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammon, John W; Stump, David A; Butterworth, John F; Moody, Dixon M; Rorie, Kashemi; Deal, Dwight D; Kincaid, Edward H; Oaks, Timothy E; Kon, Neal D

    2006-01-01

    We hypothesized that a strategy that reduced aortic manipulation would reduce the incidence of cognitive deficits in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting compared with the "traditional" approach and that neurobehavioral outcomes with the reduced aortic manipulation strategy would approach those obtained with off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. Consenting high-risk patients (those with older age, diabetes, or hypertension) scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting and cardiopulmonary bypass were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 aortic management protocols: (1) a traditional approach in which distal anastomoses were accomplished while the aorta was crossclamped but in which proximal anastomoses were sewn while a partial occlusion clamp was applied to the aorta (multiple aortic clamping group) or (2) a reduced aortic manipulation approach in which the aorta was clamped a single time with a reduced-pressure clamp (single aortic clamping group) and the partial occlusion clamp was not used. A contemporaneous group of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass was also enrolled. Subjects in all 3 groups underwent neurologic and neuropsychological testing before and after surgery. After randomization, patients assigned to either approach could be changed to another strategy if the attending surgeon determined that patient safety demanded this change. The study design anticipated that surgical techniques would evolve over the course of patient enrollment and anticipated that some patients would have intraoperative echocardiographic findings that would demand that the traditional approach (eg, severe aortic atherosclerosis) or the reduced manipulation protocol (eg, severe ischemia or poor left ventricular function) be abandoned. Thus, an unequal distribution of patients was expected. By surgeon decision, 20 of 84 multiple aortic clamping patients crossed over to single aortic clamping, and 3 of 85 single

  20. Scintigraphic assessment of focal platelet accumulations following infrainguinal bypass surgery in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Tina G; Hesse, B; Eiberg, J

    1997-01-01

    Enothelial injury is assumed to be of pathogenetic significance in the development of graft stenoses, which remain a major cause of failure of peripheral bypasses. The aim of this study was to assess endothelial injury related to infrainguinal bypass surgery by indium-111 platelet scintigraphy...... of flow in the graft. Platelet deposition was assessed by gamma-camera images of thigh and crus obtained 4 and/or 24 h after surgery. Areas of focally increased activity were recorded and graded as moderate or intense. In the 24 vein bypasses, a median of two (range 0-5) areas of focally increased...... radioactivity were seen at the proximal anastomosis (n = 21), in the body of the graft (n = 20) or at the distal anastomosis (n = 9). The activity was moderate in 27 cases and intense in 23 cases. Scintigraphic evidence of focal platelet aggregation in vein grafts was not correlated with preoperative...

  1. Effects of Seasonal Variations on the Outcome of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hassan Nemati

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: For all the reports on the association between seasons and coronary artery disease, there is a paucity of information on the possible effects of seasonal variations on the outcome of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG. The aim of this study was to assess the short-term outcome of post-CABG patients in the four different seasons to find any correlation between seasonal variations and the outcome of such patients. Methods: Data on patients who underwent cardiac surgery between 2007 and 2009 were analyzed. In-hospital mortality, length of Intensive Care Unit (ICU stay, and length of hospital stay in the four different seasons were considered as outcome measures. The EuroSCORE was calculated for all the patients, and the Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney, Student t, and chi square tests were used as appropriate. Results: Of a total of 402 patients, who underwent CABG during the mentioned period, 292 patients were male (M/F ratio=2.65. There were no differences in terms of mean age, sex ratio, and mean EuroSCORE of the patients between the seasons. The mean length of ICU stay was significantly more in the spring than that of the other seasons (P<0.001, while the difference between the four seasons regarding the mean length of hospital stay did not constitute statistical significance (P=0.22. No effect of seasonal variations was found for the lengths of ICU and hospital stay in the presence of the EuroSCORE after multiple logistic regression analysis (P=0.278, 0.431.Conclusion: Psychological mood changes caused by regional cultural differences rather than environmental factors should be considered in the optimal management of patients after CABG.

  2. Cardiopulmonary bypass considerations for pediatric patients on the ketogenic diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melchior, R W; Dreher, M; Ramsey, E; Savoca, M; Rosenthal, T

    2015-07-01

    There is a population of children with epilepsy that is refractory to anti-epileptic drugs. The ketogenic diet, a high-fat, low-carbohydrate regimen, is one alternative treatment to decrease seizure activity. Special considerations are required for patients on the ketogenic diet undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to prevent exposure to glucose substrates that could alter ketosis, increasing the risk of recurrent seizures. A 2-year-old, 9 kilogram male with a history of infantile spasms with intractable epilepsy, trisomy 21 status post tetralogy of Fallot repair, presented to the cardiac operating room for closure of a residual atrial septal defect. All disciplines of the surgical case minimized the use of carbohydrate-containing and contraindicated medications. Changes to the standard protocol and metabolic monitoring ensured the patient maintained ketosis. All disciplines within cardiac surgery need to be cognizant of patients on the ketogenic diet and prepare a modified protocol. Future monitoring considerations include thromboelastography, electroencephalography and continuous glucose measurement. Key areas of focus with this patient population in the cardiac surgical theater are to maintain a multidisciplinary approach, alter the required CPB prime components, address cardiac pharmacological concerns and limit any abnormal hematological occurrences. © The Author(s) 2014.

  3. Obese patients with type 2 diabetes submitted to banded gastric bypass: greater incidence of dumping syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padoin, Alexandre Vontobel; Galvão Neto, Manoel; Moretto, Myriam; Barancelli, Fabiano; Schroer, Caroline Eckerdt; Mottin, Cláudio Corá

    2009-11-01

    Dumping syndrome is one of ten most common complications in morbidly obese patients operated. Recent studies in relation to type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) in patients submitted to gastric bypass led us to examine the different outcomes in this group of patients. Our objective was to determine the difference in the prevalence of dumping syndrome in patients with DM2 submitted to gastric bypass. In this retrospective study, 49 diabetic and 54 non-diabetic morbidly obese patients were submitted to gastric bypass and followed up at 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. The occurrence of dumping was determined by the patient's medical chart, where it was considered positive if recorded in at least one of three evaluations. The 103 patients evaluated had a mean BMI of 49.5 +/- 9.3 kg/m(2) and mean age of 38 +/- 9.7 years, with 75.7% being women. The prevalence of dumping syndrome in this population was 24.3%. The prevalence of dumping was greater in patients with DM2 (44.9%) when compared to the control group (5.6%; p dumping syndrome. Dumping syndrome is a common postoperative complication in gastric bypass. Patients with DM2 show a greater postoperative prevalence of dumping.

  4. Heart and Lungs Protection Technique for Cardiac Surgery with Cardiopulmonary Bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Pichugin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cardioplegic cardiac arrest with subsequent ischemic-reperfusion injuries can lead to the development of inflammation of the myocardium, leucocyte activation, and release of cardiac enzymes. Flow reduction to the bronchial arteries, causing low-flow lung ischemia, leads to the development of a pulmonary regional inflammatory response. Hypoventilation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB is responsible for development of microatelectasis, hydrostatic pulmonary edema, poor compliance, and a higher incidence of infection. Based on these facts, prevention methods of these complications were developed. The aim of this study was to evaluate constant coronary perfusion (CCP and the “beating heart” in combination with pulmonary artery perfusion (PAP and “ventilated lungs” technique for heart and lung protection in cardiac surgery with CPB.Methods. After ethical approval and written informed consent, 80 patients undergoing cardiac surgery with normothermic CPB were randomized in three groups. In the first group (22 patients, the crystalloid cardioplegia without lung ventilation/perfusion techniques were used. In the second group (30 patients, the CCP and “beating heart” without lung ventilation/perfusion techniques were used. In the third group (28 patients, the CCP with PAP and lung ventilation techniques were used. Clinical, functional parameters, myocardial damage markers (CK MB level, oxygenation index, and lung compliance were investigated.Results. There were higher rates of spontaneous cardiac recovery and lower doses of inotrops in the second and third groups. Myocardial contractility function was better preserved in the second and third groups. The post-operative levels of CK-MB were lower than in control group.  Three hours after surgery CK-MB levels in the second and third  groups were lower by 38.1% and 33.3%, respectively. Eight hours after surgery, CK-MB levels were lower in the second and third groups by 45.9% and

  5. Perfusion Pressure Cerebral Infarct (PPCI) trial - the importance of mean arterial pressure during cardiopulmonary bypass to prevent cerebral complications after cardiac surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedel, Anne G.; Holmgaard, Frederik; Rasmussen, Lars Simon

    2016-01-01

    Background: Debilitating brain injury occurs in 1.6–5 % of patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging studies have reported stroke-like lesions in up to 51 % of patients after cardiac surgery. The majority of the lesions seem...... to be caused by emboli, but inadequate blood flow caused by other mechanisms may increase ischaemia in the penumbra or cause watershed infarcts. During cardiopulmonary bypass, blood pressure can be below the lower limit of cerebral autoregulation. Although much debated, the constant blood flow provided...... by the cardiopulmonary bypass system is still considered by many as appropriate to avoid cerebral ischaemia despite the low blood pressure. Methods/design: The Perfusion Pressure Cerebral Infarct trial is a single-centre superiority trial with a blinded outcome assessment. The trial is randomising 210 patients...

  6. Headache and seizures after cervical epidural injection in a patient undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dheeraj Arora

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Epidural analgesia is widely used in cardiothoracic surgery. Most of the complications associated with epidural analgesia are related to the insertion techniques of epidural catheter. A 68-year-old obese patient posted for coronary artery bypass grafting surgery developed headache followed by seizures after insertion of the thoracic epidural catheter. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed air in the basal cisterns and in the left frontal region. The patient was managed conservatively and the symptoms subsided after 24 h. Later, the patient underwent coronary angioplasty.

  7. Efficiency and safety of leukocyte filtration during cardiopulmonary bypass for cardiac surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, JJJ; de Vries, AJ; Gu, YJ; van Oeveren, W

    Background. Leukocyte filtration of systemic blood during cardiopulmonary bypass surgery to reduce post-operative morbidity has not yet been established because of the enormous leukocyte release from the third space. This study was designed to examine the efficiency and safety of leukocyte

  8. Central 5-HT Neurotransmission Modulates Weight Loss following Gastric Bypass Surgery in Obese Individuals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haahr, M. E.; Hansen, D. L.; Fisher, P. M.

    2015-01-01

    The cerebral serotonin (5-HT) system shows distinct differences in obesity compared with the lean state. Here, it was investigated whether serotonergic neurotransmission in obesity is a stable trait or changes in association with weight loss induced by Roux-in-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. In ...

  9. Endotoxin release in cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass : pathophysiology and possible therapeutic strategies. An update

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kats, Suzanne; Schonberger, Jacques P. A. M.; Brands, Ruud; Seinen, Willem; van Oeveren, Wim

    Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass provokes a systemic inflammatory response syndrome caused by the surgical trauma itself, blood contact with the non-physiological surfaces of the extracorporeal circuit, endotoxemia, and ischemia. The role of endotoxin in the inflammatory response syndrome

  10. Many complications after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery can be prevented and treated

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gribsholt, Sigrid Bjerge; Richelsen, Bjørn

    2016-01-01

    A wide range of complications may occur after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, including surgical, medical/nutritional, and psychiatric complications. Some of the nutritional complications such as anaemia, dumping and hypoglycaemia may present rather unspecific symptoms that may easily...

  11. Total Arterial Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Facilitated by the Trinity Clip Connector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stecher, David; Bronkers, Glenn; Höfer, Imo E.; Pasterkamp, Gerard; Buijsrogge, Marc P

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the feasibility of total arterial minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery by using the Trinity Clip anastomotic connector in an acute porcine model. METHODS: In 3 pigs, the left and right internal thoracic arteries (LITA and RITA) were harvested

  12. Does the closure of mesenteric defects during laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery cause complications?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Sara Danshøj; Floyd, Andrea Karen; Naver, Lars

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A well-known complication of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (LRYGB) is bowel obstruction due to internal herniation (IH). Evidence suggests that mesenteric defects should be closed during LRYGB to reduce the risk of IH. Therefore, surgeons are now closing mesenteric...

  13. Duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve - a potential alternative to bariatric surgery?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohde, Ulrich; Gylvin, Silas; Vilmann, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Overweight and obesity are risk factors for several co-morbidities reducing life expectancy. Conservative treatment of obesity is generally ineffective in the long-term. Bariatric surgery has proven effective, but is associated with potential complications. Duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve is a novel...

  14. Thoracic electrical bioimpedance measurement of cardiac output in postaortocoronary bypass patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sageman, W S; Amundson, D E

    1993-08-01

    To assess the degree of correlation and agreement between cardiac output by thermodilution and bioimpedance using the BoMed NCCOM3-R7 monitor in postaortocoronary bypass patients. Prospective, randomized sampling. Military teaching hospital intensive care unit. Fifty patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery with thermodilution pulmonary artery catheters in place. Simultaneous determination of cardiac output by thermodilution and thoracic bioimpedance was performed. Readings were taken between 8 and 24 hrs after surgery. Forty patients were intubated; 19 patients had left-sided tube thoracotomy in addition to two mediastinal tubes, and 19 patients were obese. None. The overall degree of correlation between the two measures was fair (r2 = .24). The bias and precision measurements were inaccurate as well (-0.33 +/- 3.14). Patients with normal body habitus or who were not receiving mechanical ventilation showed the best correlation (r2 = .40 and r2 = .45, respectively). Only 62% (31/50) of all patients had simultaneous measurements fall within 20% of each other, and there were no clinical features that made identification of those patients possible. Use of the BoMed NCCOM3-R7 bioimpedance monitor as a replacement for thermodilution-derived cardiac output cannot be recommended in postaortocoronary bypass patients. The distortions of patients' normal anatomy and physiology, coupled with the presence of endotracheal tubes and mechanical ventilation, mediastinal tubes and chest tubes, result in only fair correlation, significant bias, and poor precision between the two measures of cardiac output.

  15. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Health Topics / Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting What Is Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) ... multiple coronary arteries during one surgery. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Figure A shows the location of the ...

  16. Bariatric surgery and diabetes remission: Sleeve gastrectomy or mini-gastric bypass?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milone, Marco; Di Minno, Matteo Nicola Dario; Leongito, Maddalena; Maietta, Paola; Bianco, Paolo; Taffuri, Caterina; Gaudioso, Dario; Lupoli, Roberta; Savastano, Silvia; Milone, Francesco; Musella, Mario

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the weight loss and glycemic control status [blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and hypoglycaemic treatment]. METHODS: The primary risk factor for type 2 diabetes is obesity, and 90% of all patients with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. Although a remarkable effect of bariatric surgery is the profound and durable resolution of type 2 diabetes clinical manifestations, little is known about the difference among various weight loss surgical procedures on diabetes remission. Data from patients referred during a 3-year period (from January 2009 to December 2011) to the University of Naples “Federico II” diagnosed with obesity and diabetes were retrieved from a prospective database. The patients were split into two groups according to the surgical intervention performed [sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and mini-gastric bypass (MGB)]. Weight loss and glycemic control status (blood glucose, HbA1c and hypoglycaemic treatment) were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 53 subjects who underwent sleeve gastrectomy or mini-gastric bypass for obesity and diabetes were screened for the inclusion in this study. Of these, 4 subjects were excluded because of surgical complications, 7 subjects were omitted because young surgeons conducted the operations and 11 subjects were removed because of the lack of follow-up. Thirty-one obese patients were recruited for this study. A total of 15 subjects underwent SG (48.4%), and 16 underwent MGB (51.6%). After adjusting for various clinical and demographic characteristics in a multivariate logistic regression analysis, high hemoglobin A1c was determined to be a negative predictor of diabetes remission at 12 mo (OR = 0.366, 95%CI: 0.152-0.884). Using the same regression model, MGB showed a clear trend toward higher diabetes remission rates relative to SG (OR = 3.780, 95%CI: 0.961-14.872). CONCLUSION: Although our results are encouraging regarding the effectiveness of mini-gastric bypass on diabetes remission, further

  17. Management of patients with hematological malignancies undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak Borde

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of patients with a previously diagnosed malignancy who need cardiac surgery is increasing. Patients with hematological malignancies represent only 0.38% of all patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The literature in this subset of patients is limited to only a few retrospective case series, with limited number of patients undergoing emergency cardiac surgery. We describe three cases with hematological malignancies namely chronic myelogenous leukemia, acute promyelocytic leukemia and chronic lymphocytic leukemia presenting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG. Two patients were taken up for emergency CABG in view of ongoing ischemia, one of them was on preoperative intra-aortic balloon pump support. No mortality was observed. Two patients needed transfusion of blood products which was guided by thromboelastography. One patient developed superficial sternal wound infection requiring antibiotic therapy.

  18. Genome-wide assessment for genetic variants associated with ventricular dysfunction after primary coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda A Fox

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Postoperative ventricular dysfunction (VnD occurs in 9-20% of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgical patients and is associated with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. Understanding genetic causes of postoperative VnD should enhance patient risk stratification and improve treatment and prevention strategies. We aimed to determine if genetic variants associate with occurrence of in-hospital VnD after CABG surgery. METHODS: A genome-wide association study identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs associated with postoperative VnD in male subjects of European ancestry undergoing isolated primary CABG surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. VnD was defined as the need for ≥2 inotropes or mechanical ventricular support after CABG surgery. Validated SNPs were assessed further in two replication CABG cohorts and meta-analysis was performed. RESULTS: Over 100 SNPs were associated with VnD (P2.1 of developing in-hospital VnD after CABG surgery. However, three genetic loci identified by meta-analysis were more modestly associated with development of postoperative VnD. Studies of larger cohorts to assess these loci as well as to define other genetic mechanisms and related biology that link genetic variants to postoperative ventricular dysfunction are warranted.

  19. Effect of Preoperative Inspiratory Muscle Training on Alveolar-Arterial Oxygen Gradients After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turky, Khalid; Afify, Amera M Abdelaziz

    2017-07-01

    Gas exchange abnormalities and inspiratory muscle dysfunction are common postoperative pulmonary complications after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in the alveolar arterial oxygen gradients and inspiratory muscle power after preoperative inspiratory muscle training (IMT) followed by postoperative IMT and early mobilization after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Patients were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 20) or the usual care group (n = 20). The intervention group received preoperative IMT by a threshold load inspiratory muscle trainer and education followed by postoperative IMT and early mobilization. The usual care group received preoperative education and postoperative routine physical therapy care. Alveolar-arterial oxygen gradients and oxygen saturation were measured before induction of anesthesia and postoperatively immediately after extubation, at 24 hours, 48 hours, and on day 8 postsurgery. Inspiratory muscle power was measured before surgery, after 48 hours, and on day 8. Forty male patients underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The intervention group showed significant (P oxygen gradients and inspiratory muscle power at all measurement points. The mean of inspiratory muscle power at discharge was significantly higher than at baseline but not statistically significantly different from the preoperative measurement. Pre- and postoperative IMT by the threshold load inspiratory muscle trainer resulted in improvement of inspiratory muscle power, alveolar-arterial gradient, and oxygen saturation.

  20. Agreement and Correlation between Arterial and Central Venous Blood Gas Following Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmaeilivand, Masoumeh; Khatony, Alireza; Moradi, Gholamreza; Najafi, Farid; Abdi, Alireza

    2017-03-01

    Arterial blood sampling, used to assess patients in acute conditions, may result in complications such as thrombosis and embolism. However, it can be replaced by venous blood sampling, but there is a dearth of information on this. To assess the correlation and agreement between the arterial and central venous blood gases analyses in patients undergoing elective Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery. In this cross-sectional study, 100 ICU patients undergoing elective CABG surgery were recruited. 2 mm arterial and a 2 mm venous blood samples were obtained from each patient's arterial and central venous lines, respectively. To predict Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) values based on central Venous Blood Gas (VBG) values, the linear regression analysis was used and for evaluating their agreement Bland-Altman method was used. In total of 200 samples were obtained. The mean and Standard Deviation (SD) of age was 58.9±9.1 years and 51% of the participants were female. There was a strong correlation between ABG and central VBG values regarding pH, partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide (PCO2), Bicarbonate (HCO3) and Base Excess (BE) (r= 0.73, r=0.74, r=0.67 and r=0.71, respectively; panalysis showed an excellent agreement between all the variables (panalysis cannot replace ABG analysis in measuring exact PO2 status, necessitating arterial sampling in some matters, but with respect to the accuracy of pulse oximetry measurements in determining the exact PO2 status, for the rest of the indices a central VBG rather than an ABG can be utilised for determining patient's acid-base status. Particularly in patients who are hospitalised for a long time and have a central venous catheter in place like patients who have undergone CABG, thus reducing the risk and need for invasive arterial sampling.

  1. Minimized extracorporeal circulation is improving outcome of coronary artery bypass surgery in the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freundt, Miriam; Ried, Michael; Philipp, Alois; Diez, Claudius; Kolat, Philipp; Hirt, Stephan W; Schmid, Christof; Haneya, Assad

    2016-03-01

    Advanced age is a known risk factor for morbidity and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Minimized extracorporeal circulation (MECC) has been shown to reduce the negative effects associated with conventional extracorporeal circulation (CECC). This trial assesses the impact of MECC on the outcome of elderly patients undergoing CABG. Eight hundred and seventy-five patients (mean age 78.35 years) underwent isolated CABG using CECC (n=345) or MECC (n=530). The MECC group had a significantly shorter extracorporeal circulation time (ECCT), cross-clamp time and reperfusion time and lower transfusion needs. Postoperatively, these patients required significantly less inotropic support, fewer blood transfusions, less postoperative hemodialysis and developed less delirium compared to CECC patients. In the MECC group, intensive care unit (ICU) stay was significantly shorter and 30-day mortality was significantly reduced [2.6% versus 7.8%; p<0.001]. In conclusion, MECC improves outcome in elderly patients undergoing CABG surgery. © The Author(s) 2015.

  2. [Emergency Bypass Surgery for Progressive Cerebral Infarction Following Hemorrhagic Onset of Moyamoya Disease:A Case Report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatakeyama, Junya; Yanagisawa, Toshiharu; Kudo, Erina; Togashi, Shuntaro; Shimizu, Hiroaki

    2016-10-01

    Progressive cerebral infarction in patients with hemorrhagic onset of moyamoya disease is rare, and a treatment strategy is not well established. Here, we report a case that was successfully treated with emergency bypass surgery. A 58-year-old woman presented with a sudden disturbance of consciousness and right-sided hemiparesis. Computed tomography(CT)showed intraventricular hemorrhage involving the head of the left caudate nucleus. Ventricular drainage was immediately performed, and the patient was treated conservatively. Magnetic resonance(MR)angiography revealed bilateral stenosis of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery(ICA), and arterial spin labeling(ASL)showed low signal intensity in the left cerebral hemisphere. The patient was diagnosed with hemorrhagic onset of moyamoya disease with cerebral infarction. Her neurological symptoms worsened on the 7th day after ictus despite medical treatment. MR imaging showed a new infarction in the left insular cortex. Based on the diagnosis of progressive stroke, emergency anastomoses between the superficial temporal artery and the middle and anterior cerebral arteries, along with encephalo-duro-myo-synangiosis, were performed. Her symptoms gradually improved following surgery, and 1 month later, she was able to regain independent function. Emergency bypass surgery may be the treatment of choice for patients with hemorrhagic onset of moyamoya disease presenting with progressive cerebral infarction, despite conservative treatments.

  3. Validation of MagedanzSCORE as a predictor of mediastinitis after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sá, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira; Figueira, Evelyn Soares; Santos, Cecília Andrade; Figueiredo, Omar Jacobina; Lima, Renato Oliveira Albuquerque; Rueda, Fábio Gonçalves de; Escobar, Rodrigo Renda de; Soares, Alexandre Magno Macário Nunes; Lima, Ricardo de Carvalho

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the applicability of a new score for predicting mediastinitis - MagedanzSCORE - in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in the Division of Cardiovascular Surgery of Pronto Socorro Cardiológico de Pernambuco - PROCAPE. Retrospective study involving 500 patients operated between May/2007 and April/2010. The registers contained all the information used to calculate the MagedanzSCORE. The outcome of interest was mediastinitis. We calculated sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, concordance and accuracy. The accuracy of the model was evaluated by ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve. The incidence of mediastinitis was 5.6%, with a lethality rate of 32.1%. In univariate analysis, the five variables of the MagedanzSCORE were predictors of postoperative mediastinitis: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR 6.42; 95.0% CI 2.76-14.96; P<0.001), obesity (OR 3.06; 95.0% CI 1.32-7.09; P=0.009), surgical reintervention (OR 82.40; 95.0% CI 30.40-223.30; P<0.001), multiple transfusion (OR 3.33; 95.0% CI 1.52-7.29; P=0.003) and stable angina class IV or unstable (OR 2.59; 95.0% CI 1.19-7.64; P=0.016) according to Canadian Cardiovascular Society. The score had a sensitivity of 96.4%, specificity of 90.0%, positive predictive value of 36.5%, negative predictive value of 99.8% and 90.4% concordance. The accuracy measured by the area under the ROC curve was 96.2% (95.0% CI 94.5%-97.9%). The MagedanzSCORE proved to be a simple and objective index, revealing a satisfactory predictor of development of postoperative mediastinitis in patients undergoing CABG surgery at our institution.

  4. Decline in health-related quality of life 6 months after coronary artery bypass graft surgery the influence of anxiety, depression, and personality traits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Middel, B.; El Baz, N.; Pedersen, S.S.; van Dijk, J.P.; Wynia, K.; Reijneveld, S.A.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Although coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is known to improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL), this improvement does not seem to be realized in all patients who had undergone CABG surgery. Objective: The aim of this study was to test the direct and indirect influence of

  5. Subarachnoid clonidine and trauma response in cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass

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    Claudia Gissi da Rocha Ferreira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectives: The intense trauma response triggered by cardiopulmonary bypass can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. The present study evaluated whether clonidine, a drug of the class of α-2 agonists, administered by spinal route, without association with local anesthetics or opioids, reduces this response in cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Method: A total of 27 patients between 18 and 75 years old, divided by non-blinded fashion into a control group (15 and a clonidine group (12, were studied. All patients underwent identical technique of general anesthesia. Then, only the clonidine group received 1 μg kg−1 clonidine by spinal route. Levels of blood glucose, lactate and cortisol were measured at three consecutive times: T1, at the time of installation of invasive arterial pressure; T2, 10 min after the first dose for cardioplegia; and T3, at the time of skin suture; and troponin I values at T1 and T3. The variation of results between T2-T1, T3-T2, and T3-T1 was also evaluated. Results: There was a statistically significant difference only with respect to the variation in blood glucose in the clonidine group: T3-T2, p = 0.027 and T3-T1, p = 0.047. Conclusions: Spinal clonidine at a dose of 1 μg kg−1 did not decrease blood measurements of troponin, cortisol, or lactate. Blood glucose suffered a more moderate variation during the procedure in the clonidine group. This fact, already reported in the literature, requires further investigation to be clarified.

  6. The effects of conventional extracorporeal circulation versus miniaturized extracorporeal circulation on microcirculation during cardiopulmonary bypass-assisted coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuruk, Koray; Bezemer, Rick; Euser, Mariska; Milstein, Dan M J; de Geus, Hilde H R; Scholten, Evert W; de Mol, Bas A J M; Ince, Can

    2012-09-01

    OBJECTIVES To reduce the complications associated with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) during cardiac surgery, many modifications have been made to conventional extracorporeal circulation systems. This trend has led to the development of miniaturized extracorporeal circulation systems. Cardiac surgery using conventional extracorporeal circulation systems has been associated with significantly reduced microcirculatory perfusion, but it remains unknown whether this could be prevented by an mECC system. Here, we aimed to test the hypothesis that microcirculatory perfusion decreases with the use of a conventional extracorporeal circulation system and would be preserved with the use of an miniaturized extracorporeal circulation system. METHODS Microcirculatory density and perfusion were assessed using sublingual side stream dark-field imaging in patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery before, during and after the use of either a conventional extracorporeal circulation system (n = 10) or a miniaturized extracorporeal circulation system (n = 10). In addition, plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and creatinine levels and creatinine clearance were assessed up to 5 days post-surgery to monitor renal function. RESULTS At the end of the CPB, one patient in the miniaturized extracorporeal circulation-treated group and five patients in the conventional extracorporeal circulation-treated group received one bag of packed red blood cells (300 ml). During the CPB, the haematocrit and haemoglobin levels were slightly higher in the miniaturized extracorporeal circulation-treated patients compared with the conventional extracorporeal circulation-treated patients (27.7 ± 3.3 vs 24.7 ± 2.0%; P = 0.03; and 6.42 ± 0.75 vs 5.41 ± 0.64 mmol/l; P circulation-treated group from 16.4 ± 3.8 to 12.8 ± 3.3 mm/mm(2) (P circulation-treated group (16.3 ± 2.7 and 15.2 ± 2.9 mm/mm(2) before and during the pump, respectively). Plasma neutrophil

  7. Children's weight status, body esteem, and self-concept after maternal gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willmer, Mikaela; Berglind, Daniel; Tynelius, Per; Ghaderi, Ata; Näslund, Erik; Rasmussen, Finn

    2015-01-01

    There is little research on the effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery on the patients' offspring's weight and psychosocial well-being. The present study investigates how children are affected in terms of weight status, body esteem, and self-concept after maternal RYGB. Sixty-nine women and their families were recruited from RYGB waiting lists at 5 Swedish hospitals. Data was collected during home visits 3 months before and 12 months after RYGB. Anthropometrical measures were taken, and the children completed the Body Esteem Scale (BES) and the Beck Self-Concept Inventory (BYI-S). Prevalence or relative risk in weight status between the time points were explored using Poisson regression models (General Estimating Equations). We found stronger statistical evidence for a decreased risk of overweight (RR = .85, 57.0% versus 48.6%, P = .048), than for obesity (RR = .87, 18.2% versus 15.9%, P = .447). The boys' body esteem increased slightly, whilst the girls' did not. There were no significant differences in mean BYI-S scores. The reasons behind the statistically significant decrease in overweight but not obesity risk in children after maternal RYGB may be caused by insufficient statistical power to detect changes in obesity risk alone. Body esteem seems to be slightly positively affected in boys 9 months after maternal RYGB. Longer follow-up times and larger samples would be useful in future research. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Effects of Peripheral Neurotensin on Appetite Regulation and Its Role in Gastric Bypass Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ratner, Cecilia; Skov, Louise J; Raida, Zindy

    2016-01-01

    increased proopiomelanocortin mRNA in the arcuate nucleus. We also investigated the importance of NT for the decreased food intake after gastric bypass surgery in a rat model of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). NT was increased in plasma and in the gastrointestinal tract in RYGB rats, and pharmacological......Neurotensin (NT) is a peptide expressed in the brain and in the gastrointestinal tract. Brain NT inhibits food intake, but the effects of peripheral NT are less investigated. In this study, peripheral NT decreased food intake in both mice and rats, which was abolished by a NT antagonist. Using c...

  9. Should airline pilots be eligible to resume active flight status after coronary bypass surgery?: a CASS registry study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaitman, B R; Davis, K B; Dodge, H T; Fisher, L D; Pettinger, M; Holmes, D R; Kaiser, G C

    1986-12-01

    Medical certification to return to work after coronary bypass surgery in occupations that carry a risk to public safety is controversial, particularly for airline pilots. To address this issue, 10,312 patients from the CASS registry who underwent coronary bypass surgery were studied and 2,326 men with clinical and postoperative characteristics similar to those of the average airline pilot who might apply to renew his license after surgery were selected. The 5 year probability of remaining free of an acute cardiac event, defined as acute coronary insufficiency, myocardial infarction or sudden death, was 0.92 +/- 0.01 (mean +/- SE) for the 1,207 men without previous myocardial infarction and 0.98 +/- 0.01 for the 122 men who never smoked and did not have a history of hypertension. Among the 1,119 men with a previous myocardial infarction, the probability of remaining free of acute cardiac events was 0.91 +/- 0.02 and 0.92 +/- 0.02 when left ventricular contraction score was 5 to 9 and 10 or greater, respectively. In this patient subgroup, mortality rate was similar to that of the age-matched U.S. male population when the left ventricular contraction score was 5 to 9 (4.0% versus 4.3%; p = NS) but significantly worse when the left ventricular contraction score was 10 or greater (7% versus 4.2%; p = 0.05). The data from this CASS registry study are pertinent to the question of operationally unlimited first-class medical certification of carefully selected airline pilots after coronary bypass surgery.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  10. Arterial Filter Bypass Loop: What Occurs in this Area during Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Are There Potential Patient Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Justin L.; Myers, Gerard J.; Légaré, Jean-Francois; Swyer, Wilfred

    2010-01-01

    Abstract: The arterial filter is an integral part of bypass circuitry. When introduced, manufacturers suggested a bypass loop for retrograde priming and de-airing, and for uninterrupted blood flow in case of malfunction. Practice has shown antegrade priming and de-airing is possible. This questions the necessity of the loop and presents the question—what occurs in the loop during bypass? After obtaining Human Research Ethics Board approval, eight consecutive patients (n = 8) were chosen for this study. Exclusive exclusion criterion was receiving any transfusions during cardiopulmonary bypass, as this could possibly influence results. The choice of patient numbers was based simply on proof of concept. Investigation involved isolation and collection of loop contents after cardiopulmonary bypass was completed. Testing included complete blood count, prothrombin time, international normalized ratio, partial thromboplastin time, activated clotting time, plasma free hemoglobin, slide photography with analysis for platelet clumping, and debris detection. One perfusionist collected samples, providing uniform collection and isolation technique. Regular blood samples were collected from the bypass circuitry, and from patients’ pre-operative blood work. Analysis of data revealed that platelet counts in the bypass loops were statistically lower than control. Evidence of platelet clumping was present in 3 of 8 bypass loop samples, representing 37.5% of the study population. There was no clumping detected in any of the controls. In patients where platelet clumping was present, a positive correlation was noted between mean bypass time and size of platelet clumps. Prothrombin time and international normalized ratio results were immeasurable. Hemoglobin levels were higher in the loop samples. There was no evidence of debris or fibrin monomer present in any of the samples analyzed. The study results indicate that during “normal” cardiopulmonary bypass with an arterial filter

  11. The risk of arrhythmias following coronary artery bypass surgery: do smokers have a paradox effect?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository