WorldWideScience

Sample records for bylaws

  1. Constitution And Bylaws: 2004 Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Distance Education and Training Council, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This document contains the constitution and bylaws of the Distance Education and Training Council. The constitution and bylaws include 13 articles. Sections include: Name; Mission and Goals; Administration of the Council; Membership; Meetings; The Commission; Terms of Office; Officers; Committees; Compensation; Dues and Assessments; Miscellaneous…

  2. 12 CFR 917.10 - Bank bylaws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Bank bylaws. 917.10 Section 917.10 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT OF THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS POWERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF BANK BOARDS OF DIRECTORS AND SENIOR MANAGEMENT § 917.10 Bank bylaws. A Bank's board...

  3. 29 CFR 402.1 - Labor organization constitution and bylaws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Labor organization constitution and bylaws. 402.1 Section... constitution and bylaws. Every labor organization shall adopt a constitution and bylaws consistent with the... a constitution and bylaws which it has previously adopted and under which it is operating when...

  4. 29 CFR 452.3 - Interpretations of constitution and bylaws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Interpretations of constitution and bylaws. 452.3 Section... REPORTING AND DISCLOSURE ACT OF 1959 General Considerations § 452.3 Interpretations of constitution and bylaws. The interpretation consistently placed on a union's constitution by the responsible...

  5. NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORY ACCREDITATION CONFERENCE (NELAC): CONSTITUTION, BYLAWS, AND STANDARDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    The principles and operating procedures for the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC) are contained in the NELAC Constitution and Bylaws. The major portion of this document (standards) contains detailed requirements for accrediting environmental labo...

  6. 17 CFR 1.53 - Enforcement of contract market bylaws, rules, regulations, and resolutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... bylaws, rules, regulations, and resolutions. 1.53 Section 1.53 Commodity and Securities Exchanges....53 Enforcement of contract market bylaws, rules, regulations, and resolutions. Each contract market shall enforce each bylaw, rule, regulation, and resolution, made or issued by it or by the...

  7. League Constitution and Bylaws for Girls' Interscholastic Programs (Suggested Guide).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Mary Ann

    This guide was developed to assist with the problems of organization and administration of girls' interscholastic sports programs. Guidelines are presented for the following: (a) a statement of basic principles, (b) a constitution, (c) league bylaws, (d) operating codes, (e) conduct of contests, (f) archery, (g) badminton, (h) basketball, (i)…

  8. 12 CFR 544.5 - Federal mutual savings association bylaws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... by the association. (3) Corporate governance procedures. A Federal mutual association may elect to follow the corporate governance procedures of the laws of the state where the main office of the... corporate governance procedures, and shall file a copy of such bylaws, which are effective upon...

  9. The Specification of an Expert System for Building Bylaws Compliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sania Bhatti

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available An Expert System is a computer program that simulates the human intelligence and behaviour in specific and limited domains. It is used to solve problems with tricks, shortcuts and heuristics i.e. rules of thumb. Checking a Plan (Map to verify its compliance with building bylaws is a complex task mainly due to various rules and the exceptions to those rules. Humans are prone to make errors in such situations. Due to the problems faced by Building Control Department, HDA ( Hyderabad Development Authority there is a strong need to develop a computerized system. In this research we have developed a prototype named as ESBBC (Expert System for Building Bylaws Compliance for HDA that can help in their building plan checking system. The proposed solution is merging three frameworks, i.e. Java an OOP (Object Oriented Programming language, Prolog- a rule based language and MS Access- for database. The solution is fulfilling the three main requirements of the HDA, i.e. Determination of whether a particular plan is in compliance with predefined building bylaws or not. (2 Offering search facility. (3 Maintaining records of plans which are entered for compliance checking. We have checked plans of 20 properties according to HDA building regulations using ESBBC and presented their results. The results show that ESBBC has capability to identify errors made by humans.

  10. 29 CFR 452.2 - Application of union constitution and bylaws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Application of union constitution and bylaws. 452.2 Section... REPORTING AND DISCLOSURE ACT OF 1959 General Considerations § 452.2 Application of union constitution and... validly adopted constitution and bylaws of the labor organizations insofar as they are not...

  11. NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORY ACCREDITATION CONFERENCE; CONSTITUTION, BYLAWS AND STANDARDS: APPROVED MAY 25, 2001

    Science.gov (United States)

    The principles and operating procedures for the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC) are contained in the NELAC Constitution and Bylaws. The major portion of this document (standards) contains detailed requirements for accrediting environmental labo...

  12. By-law from December 5, 1996 relative to the road transport of dangerous goods (called ''ADR by-law''). (Dangerous materials no. 1)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this by-law from the French ministry of equipment, lodging, transports and tourism is to define the specific rules that must be applied in France to the national or international road transport of dangerous freight (radioactive materials, explosive materials, under pressure compressed, liquefied or dissolved gases, flammable liquids and solids, spontaneously flammable materials, combustive agents, organic peroxides, noxious, infectious and corrosive materials etc..). The classification of dangerous materials and the freight that cannot be transported by road is listed in two appendixes [700 p.] at the end of the document. This by-law gives the rules concerning: the building, testing, agreement, labelling, periodical controls and conditions for use of packing materials, drums, containers, tanks and vehicles; the equipments, the loading and unloading, the running and parking of vehicles; the training of personnel and the organization of companies; the documents for control or safety assistance. Special rules concerning the transportation of gamma radiography apparatuses are given. (J.S.)

  13. Municipal bylaw to reduce cosmetic/non-essential pesticide use on household lawns - a policy implementation evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bienefeld Monica

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pesticide use on urban lawns and gardens contributes to environmental contamination and human exposure. Municipal policies to restrict use and educate households on viable alternatives deserve study. We describe the development and implementation of a cosmetic/non-essential pesticide bylaw by a municipal health department in Toronto, Ontario, Canada and assess changes in resident practices associated with bylaw implementation. Methods Implementation indicators built on a logic model and were elaborated through key informant interviews. Bylaw impacts on awareness and practice changes were documented through telephone surveys administered seasonally pre, during and post implementation (2003-2008. Multivariable logistic regression models assessed associations of demographic variables and gardening season with respondent awareness and practices. Results Implementation indicators documented multiple municipal health department activities and public involvement in complaints from commencement of the educational phase. During the enforcement phases only 40 warning letters and 7 convictions were needed. The number of lawn care companies increased. Among survey respondents, awareness of the bylaw and the Natural Lawn campaign reached 69% and 76% respectively by 2008. Substantial decreases in the proportion of households applying pesticides (25 to 11% or hiring lawn care companies for application (15 to 5% occurred. Parallel absolute increases in use of natural lawn care methods occurred among households themselves (21% and companies they contracted (7%. Conclusions Bylaws or ordinances implemented through education and enforcement are a viable policy option for reducing urban cosmetic pesticide use.

  14. Application of the 'certification' bylaw for companies intervening in basic nuclear facilities. Round table proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French Society of Radiation Protection (SFRP) organized a technical meeting on the new certification framework for companies intervening in nuclear facilities as defined by the bylaw from November 27, 2013, and entered into force by July 1, 2015. This document brings together the presentations (slides) of the three talks given at the meeting: 1 - Certification of external companies intervening in ionizing environments (Thierry LAHAYE, DGT); 2 - Certification process (Pascal VAUCHERET, CEFRI); 3 - Application of the 'certification' bylaw (Herve IRR, ONET Technologies)

  15. Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America, Part VII: The Indian Tribes of California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fay, George E., Comp.

    The publication, Part VII of a series, includes the charters, constitutions, articles of association or community organization, and by-laws of California Indians on 16 reservations and rancherias. Legal documents from the following groups are provided: Hoopa, Me-Wuk, and Paiute Indians; the Agua Caliente Band of Mission Indians; the Mission Creek…

  16. RELIGIOUS SYMBOLISM AND DEMOCRACY ENCOUNTERED: A Case of Prostitution Bylaw of Bantul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Latif Fauzi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the bylaw on prostitution issued by the Bantul authority in May 2007. It specifically examines the relation between the involvement of religious symbolism, the call for public participation and political interests in the legislation process. The paper argues that, on the one hand, the law relates prostitution to issues of immorality, social illness, and the degradation of women due to economic discrimination or sexual exploitation. The subject of prostitution has been extended, covering not only sex workers and pimps, but everyone committing indecent acts, such as showing a ‘sexy’ performance. On the other hand, this regulation is considered to be ambiguous in determining the standard of public morality and, therefore, puts women in a marginalised position. That the implementation of this law contributes to institutionalising the criminalisation against women is another fact which is believed to diminish the meaning of democracy. The government is blamed as taking too much care with procedural democracy but giving less attention to education and employment opportunities.[Artikel merupakan hasil studi peraturan daerah tentang larangan pelacuran yang dikeluarkan oleh Pemerintah Kabupaten Bantul pada Mei 2007. Studi ini menguji keterkaitan antara simbol-simbol keagamaan, partisipasi publik, dan kepentingan politik yang muncul dan menyertai proses legislasi. Penulis berpendapat bahwa pada satu sisi, dalam peraturan tersebut, pelacuran dikaitkan dengan perusakan terhadap nilai agama dan sosial serta penurunan martabat perempuan, terlepas akibat diskriminasi ekonomi atau eksploitasi seksual. Subjek pelacuran ternyata juga diperluas, tidak hanya pekerja seks dan mucikari, tetapi setiap orang yang melakukan perbuatan cabul, seperti berpenampilan seksi. Pada sisi yang lain, ukuran moralitas publik dalam peraturan ini dianggap kurang jelas dan menempatkan perempuan pada posisi yang terpinggirkan. Bahwa penerapan peraturan

  17. Revision of by-laws about effluents of EdF's nuclear power plants; Revision des arretes de rejets des centrales nucleaires d'EDF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    In France, in application of the clean water law from January 3, 1992 and since the decree 95-540 from May 4, 1995, each basic nuclear facility receives a single permission which covers both its water takes and its radioactive and non-radioactive effluents. This decree, initially dedicated to new facilities has been enlarged to all existing installations for which the prefectorial by-laws have reached their date-line. Thus, up to now, five inter-ministerial by-laws have renewed the permissions of water takes and effluents evacuation of the power plants of Saint-Laurent-des-Eaux (Loir-et-Cher), Flamanville (Manche), Paluel (Seine-Maritime), Belleville (Cher) and Saint-Alban (Isere). These by-laws foresee an important abatement of the effluents and concern more particularly the tritium, {sup 14}C, the iodine isotopes and also some other non-radioactive chemical compounds. This document is a compilation of all revised by-laws about effluents and concerning the nuclear power plants listed above. (J.S.)

  18. Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America; Part III: The Southwest (Apache--Mohave). Occasional Publications in Anthropology Ethnology Series No. 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fay, George E., Comp.

    The Museum of Anthropology of the University of Northern Colorado (formerly known as Colorado State College) has assembled a large number of Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to be reproduced as a series of publications. Included in this volume are the amended charter and constitution of the Jicarilla Apache Tribe, Dulce, New…

  19. By-law from December 12, 2005 relative to nuclear pressure systems; Arrete du 12 decembre 2005 relatif aux equipements sous pression nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-01-15

    This by-law deals with the specifications relative to the design, fabrication and conformability evaluations of nuclear pressure system, i.e. systems that may lead to a radioactive contamination in the case of failure. The main safety requirements of these systems are recalled in appendixes (nondestructive testing and qualification). (J.S.)

  20. By-law from January 14, 2005, relative to the tariffs of use of public natural gas distribution networks; Arrete du 14 janvier 2005 relatif aux tarifs d'utilisation des reseaux publics de distribution de gaz naturel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-01-15

    This by-law defines the tariffing rules for the different French gas utilities according to the delivered quantities or to the subscribed daily capacity. Tariffs increase for overstepping of subscribed daily capacity are detailed. (J.S.)

  1. The selected legal by-laws of the Slovak Republic which are determined and influenced of the physiotactic (the situation up to 1 January 1999)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this chapter the basic the selected legal by-laws of the Slovak Republic are reviewed. The Legal by-laws are separated into next groups: (1) The environment, their formation and protection; (2) The health protection and protection of the vital conditions, life manner and community protection; (3) The landscape formation and landscape development; (4) The protection of the cultural heredity in the landscape; (5) The protection of the nature and landscape; (6) The chemical substances and the environmental risks; (7) The air and ozone layer protection; (8) The protection, balance and water use; (9) The wastes and waste farm; (10) The ionizing radiation and nuclear safety; (11) The environmental safety and suitability of buildings; (12) The mineral environment protection, use of bed and geological works; (13) The protection, and use of soil and forest; (14) The protection of the bees, animals and fishes - The veterinary welfare and protection of animals

  2. Holy sludge : Toronto's new bylaw and disposal strategy for biosolids impacts industry and sets a national precedent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crittenden, G. [ed.

    2001-01-01

    Toronto, Ontario has implemented a new approach to the management of sewage sludge also known as biosolids. The decision was made to shut down its multi-hearth incinerator at the Ash bridges Bay Treatment Plant and increase the beneficial use, also called land application of biosolids, to 100 per cent in the near future. In addition, the disposal of dangerous chemicals, agricultural waste, and other wastes in municipal drains and sewers is being clamped down. It was determined that preventing pollutants from entering municipal wastewater would greatly increase public acceptance of the application of biosolids on agricultural land. All human activities will feel the impact, from organic waste in grocery stores to dental amalgams, from waste oil and solvents at auto repair shops to harsh chemical used in the metal plating industry. The new bylaw adopted by the City of Toronto prevents any individual from discharging or depositing into a storm sewer or watercourse (or a municipal or private sewer connecting with a storm sewer): hazardous waste chemicals, blowdown water, combustible liquids, floating debris, fuel, hauled sewage, hauled waste, hazardous industrial waste or chemicals, as well as an array of other substances. A plan must be submitted by any sector or industry discharging pollutants, and the plan must detail the processes generating the pollutants, as well as the measures required to eliminate the discharges over three and six years. An Industrial Waste Surcharge Agreement or a Sanitary Discharge Agreement might be obtained from the city covering the additional costs involved in treating the discharges. The only substances covered by those agreements are: biochemical oxygen demand, phenolics, total phosphorus and total suspended solids. Water originating from a source other than the city's water supply is covered under the sanitary agreement. Requirements for spills reporting, grease interceptors, motor oil interceptors, lubricating grease and

  3. By-law from November 6, 2003 concerning the collection of data relative to gas and electricity markets and to energy public utilities as defined in article 10 of law no. 2003-8 from January 3, 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This by-law defines the type and periodicity (monthly and annual) of the economical data the gas and electricity operators have to supply to the general direction of energy and raw materials (energy observatory - DGEMP/OE) in order to produce reliable and consistent statistical indicators. (J.S.)

  4. By-law from June 25, 2001 fixing the conditions of purchase of the electricity produced by facilities that use the hydraulic energy of lakes, rivers and seas, such as those affected by point.1 of article 2 of the decree no 2000-1196 from December 6, 2000; Arrete du 25 juin 2001 fixant les conditions d'achat de l'electricite produite par les installations utilisant l'energie hydraulique des lacs, cours d'eau et mers, telles que visees au 1. de l'article 2 du decret no. 2000-1196 du 6 decembre 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This French by-law from October 2, 2001 fixes the conditions of the contract and the principles of tariffing between the producer and the purchaser in the case of electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants. (J.S.)

  5. Circular from January 26, 2004, taken for the enforcement of the by-law from January 26, 2004, relative to the national defense secrecy protection in the domain of nuclear materials protection and control; Circulaire du 26 janvier 2004 prise pour l'application de l'arrete du 26 janvier 2004 relatif a la protection du secret de la defense nationale dans le domaine de la protection et du controle des matieres nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-01-15

    The by-law of January 26, 2004 gives a regulatory foundation to the classification of sensible informations relative to the security and physical protection of nuclear materials. This circular recalls, in this framework, the conditions of implementation of the regulation relative to the protection of national defense secrecies in the domain of the protection of nuclear facilities and materials. (J.S.)

  6. By-law from October 2, 2001 fixing the conditions of purchase of the electricity produced by facilities that valorize household and assimilated wastes, with the exception of biogas-fueled facilities; Arrete du 2 octobre 2001 fixant les conditions d'achat de l'electricite produite par les installations qui valorisent des dechets menagers ou assimiles, a l'exception des installations utilisant du biogaz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This French by-law from October 2, 2001 fixes the conditions of the contract and the principles of tariffing between the producer and the purchaser in the case of electricity produced by thermal power plants fueled with municipal wastes. (J.S.)

  7. Advice from the commission of electricity regulation dated from June 21, 2001 about the by-law fixing the conditions of purchase of the electricity produced by facilities that valorize household and assimilated wastes, using dump biogas. By-law from October 3, 2001 fixing the conditions of purchase of the electricity produced by facilities that valorize household and assimilated wastes using dump biogas; Avis de la commission de regulation de l'electricite en date du 21 juin 2001 sur l'arrete fixant les conditions d'achat de l'electricite produite par les installations qui valorisent des dechets menagers ou assimiles, en utilisant le biogaz de decharge. Arrete du 3 octobre 2001 fixant les conditions d'achat de l'electricite produite par les installations qui valorisent des dechets menagers ou assimiles en utilisant le biogaz de decharge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This document presents the analysis made by the French commission of electricity regulation (CRE) about the tariffing of the electricity produced by biogas-fueled power plants taking into consideration the production costs and the energy and environmental efficiency of the energy process used. The CRE gives a favourable advice to the project of by-law fixing the conditions of purchase of the electricity produced by biogas-fueled power plants, provided that the energy efficiency incentive is raised to at least 10 euros/MWh and that some proposals of modifications are taken into consideration. The text of the by-law from October 3, 2001 is attached to the CRE's advice. (J.S.)

  8. By-law from November 6, 2003 concerning the collection of data relative to gas and electricity markets and to energy public utilities as defined in article 10 of law no. 2003-8 from January 3, 2003; Arrete du 6 novembre 2003 concernant la collecte de donnees prevue a l'article 10 de la loi no. 2003-8 du 3 janvier 2003 relative aux marches du gaz et de l'electricite et au service public de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-03-01

    This by-law defines the type and periodicity (monthly and annual) of the economical data the gas and electricity operators have to supply to the general direction of energy and raw materials (energy observatory - DGEMP/OE) in order to produce reliable and consistent statistical indicators. (J.S.)

  9. By-law from March 13, 2002 assessing the conditions of purchase of the electricity produced by facilities that use the radiant energy of the sun like those referred to in point 3 of article 2 of the decree no 2000-1196 from December 6, 2000; Arrete du 13 mars 2002 fixant les conditions d'achat de l'electricite produite par les installations utilisant l'energie radiative du soleil telles que visees au 3. de l'article 2 du decret no 2000-1196 du 6 decembre 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    This by-law aims at fixing the prices of the electricity generated by solar power plants. The prices depend on the characteristics of the facility, on the season, on the workmen's hourly cost index, on the voltage of connection of the facility to the grid, and on the respect of the power warranted by the producer. (J.S.)

  10. 12 CFR 552.5 - Bylaws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Corporate governance procedures. A Federal stock association may elect to follow the corporate governance... body or bodies of law selected for its corporate governance procedures, and shall file a copy of...

  11. 12 CFR 615.5220 - Capitalization bylaws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... retirable at the sole discretion of the board, provided minimum permanent capital adequacy standards... association's funding bank in conjunction with any agreement for a transfer of capital between the...

  12. 77 FR 17333 - Bylaws of the Board of Governors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ... death, departure or resignation of the current Chairman, whichever occurs first, and expires upon the... Chairman's death, departure or resignation prior to the election of a successor, the Board, as soon as... the death, departure or resignation of the current Vice Chairman, whichever occurs first, and...

  13. NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORY ACCREDITATION CONFERENCE: CONSTITUTION, BYLAWS AND STANDARDS; APPROVED JUNE 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    As Director of the Environmental Protection Agency's National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program (NELAP), I offer my sincere appreciation to the many individuals who worked on the 2000 revision of the NELAC standards. I would like to give special recognition to th...

  14. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 701 - Federal Credit Union Bylaws

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... together until the verification or challenge has been resolved; (7) Ballots mailed to the tellers must be... envelope together until the verification or challenge has been resolved; and in the event that more than... officials, in areas such as ethics and fiduciary responsibility, regulatory compliance, and accounting...

  15. 12 CFR 575.9 - Charters and bylaws for mutual holding companies and their savings association subsidiaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... nonassessable. Section 6. Directors. The Mutual Company shall be under the direction of a board of directors... holders of the savings, demand, or other authorized accounts of ______ (the “Association”) are members of... preapproved amendment has been approved by the members at a legal meeting. Any other amendment,...

  16. 24 CFR Appendix I to Subpart D of... - Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws of _______ Homebuyers Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... vacancies under section 3. C.) shall be made by the Nomination Committee; provided, however, that... meeting. The Nominating Committee shall make as many nominations for election to the Board of Directors as... educational organizations; and e. Assisting Homebuyers in planning the management role of the Association...

  17. Local By-Laws on Sexual Harassment%性骚扰地方立法浅议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段成钢; 彭迪

    2006-01-01

    文章回顾了中国性骚扰国家立法的现状,指出性骚扰地方立法的可行性和必然性,分析了湖南省人大常委会在新修订的中所做的尝试,并对今后性骚扰地方立法的发展方向提出了构想.

  18. By-law no 010-2005/AN from 26 April 2005 dealing with nuclear security and the protection against ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The legal text relates to the field of application, the general principles, the administrative provisions, the penal provisions and the transitional and final provisions. The field of application is relating to the definitions of concepts, with the activities of practices - public and private - implying the imports, exports, handling, transport, storage, the materials trade and radioactive substances. The general principles treat exposure to ionizing rays. The administrative provisions treat the creation and attributions of a structure of implementation and management relating to its activities. The penal provisions codify the sanctions and the legal proceedings according to the seriousness of the infringement. As for the transitional provisions and final, they cancel all the former regulations relating to this law

  19. By-law 00041 /MMe /DM from May 02, 2007 affecting the application of Article 58 of Ordinance 93-16 of 02 March 1993 concerning mining law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Mines and energy ministerial order presents in its first article, the conditions of application of paragraph 2 and 3 of article 58 of Ordinance 93-16 of 02 March 1993 concerning mining law completed by ordinance 99-48 of 05 November 1999 and modified by the Law 2006-26 of 09 August 2006, relatively to the movement of prospecting title. The Minister of Mines and energy authorises the movement of prospecting title (cession, transmission, confer, transfer partially or completely by the prospecting title holder) if it is not detrimental to the national interests. And conditions of interdictions of transactions in its article 2

  20. Application of the 2910 by-law to coal-fired heating plants; Application de l`arrete 2910 aux chaudieres a charbon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hing, K. [CDF Energie (France)

    1997-12-31

    This paper analyzes the impact of the new French regulation about medium power thermal equipments on small coal-fired combustion installations (2 - 20 MW) in particular concerning the limit values of SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x} and dust emissions. (J.S.)

  1. The 2910 by-law and the atmosphere protection plan; L`arrete 2910 et plan de protection de l`atmosphere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouton, J.Ph. [Ministere de l`Environnement et du cadre de vie, 92 - Neuilly (France)

    1997-12-31

    This paper gives a detailed overview of the French air pollution regulations concerning the installations of combustion and the classified installations (heating plants, turbines, engines, fossil-fuel power plants, refineries and other installations or combustion processes). Other international or European community actions for the abatement of industrial and air pollution are described and future regulations are evoked. (J.S.)

  2. 77 FR 25168 - Appraisal Subcommittee (ASC); ASC Rules of Operation; Amended

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ... Federal Housing Finance Agency. The ASC Rules of Operation serve as corporate bylaws outlining the ASC's... amended numerous provisions in Title XI. The ASC Rules of Operation serve as corporate bylaws...

  3. 78 FR 64566 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.; Notice of Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-29

    ... proposing any textual changes to the By-Laws, Schedules to the By-Laws or Rules of FINRA. \\5\\ FINRA also is... Rule 17f-2).\\14\\ FINRA conducted a job analysis study of Investment Company and Variable...

  4. 《政府信息公开条例》彰显的现代行政理念%The modern administration theory and concept representing from the government information openning bylaw

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李滔; 张玉强

    2009-01-01

    以法规的形式给予政府信息公开予以强制性的规定,并作出了较严格的制度安排,标志着政府行政理念正在实现从传统管制行政向现代服务行政的转变,彰显着现代行政的透明、人本、诚信、廉洁、高效、责任等理念.

  5. La anomia y su relación con el estatuto actual del sufrimiento en la sociedad // Anomia and its relationship with the present bylaw of suffering in the society

    OpenAIRE

    Zulma López Arranz

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene por objetivo relacionar el exceso de goce en las patologías de la post-modernidad con la anomia en la que se sumerge nuestra sociedad, dañando el entramado social. La falta de regulación de lo simbólico es la responsable del penar en demasía. La tecnología, la globalización y el discurso capitalista convierten al sujeto de deseo en un sujeto tomado por el goce. La propuesta del psicoanálisis es despertar al sujeto de su dormidera de goce, la brújula es la ética del deseo. /...

  6. La anomia y su relación con el estatuto actual del sufrimiento en la sociedad // Anomia and its relationship with the present bylaw of suffering in the society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulma López Arranz

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene por objetivo relacionar el exceso de goce en las patologías de la post-modernidad con la anomia en la que se sumerge nuestra sociedad, dañando el entramado social. La falta de regulación de lo simbólico es la responsable del penar en demasía. La tecnología, la globalización y el discurso capitalista convierten al sujeto de deseo en un sujeto tomado por el goce. La propuesta del psicoanálisis es despertar al sujeto de su dormidera de goce, la brújula es la ética del deseo. // The aim of this paper is to relate the excess of pleasure in post-modernity pathologies to the anomia immerse in our society, damaging the social structure. Lack of symbolic regulation is responsible for excessively suffering. The technology, the globalization, and the capitalist speech become subject of desire in a subject took for the pleasure. The psychoanalysis proposal is to wake up the subject of his/her pleasure sleepiness, the compass is the pleasure ethics.

  7. 12 CFR 552.6-1 - Board of directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... directors by the shareholders. Any directorship to be filled by reason of an increase in the number of... unless the bylaws so require. (b) Number and term. The bylaws shall set forth a specific number of directors, not a range. The number of directors shall be not fewer than five nor more than fifteen, unless...

  8. 29 CFR 452.137 - Effective dates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and bylaws can be lawfully modified or amended by action of the organization's “constitutional... modification of the constitution and bylaws can be made only by a constitutional convention of the labor organization, the election provisions become applicable not later than the next constitutional convention...

  9. 78 FR 54359 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.; Notice of Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-03

    ... proposing any textual changes to the By-Laws, Schedules to the By-Laws or Rules of FINRA. \\5\\ FINRA also is... involving securities or financial analysis) and pass the Supervisory Analyst (Series 16) qualification...: Regulatory Administration; and Part II: Securities Analysis. Part I includes the respective applicable...

  10. 12 CFR 7.2024 - Staggered terms for national bank directors and size of bank board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... size of bank board. 7.2024 Section 7.2024 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... bank directors and size of bank board. (a) Staggered terms. Any national bank may adopt bylaws that... bylaws so amended. (b) Maximum term. Any national bank director may hold office for a term that does...

  11. Basic nuclear facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document reprints the text of the French by-law from February 21, 2002 relative to the information of populations living in the vicinity of a facility for which a particular emergency plan exists. The by-law precises the content of the information documents intended for the populations living in the area of application of the plan. (J.S.)

  12. Handbook, Marlboro College, Vermont.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marlboro Coll., VT.

    Contents of this faculty handbook are academic and non-academic campus regulations, statements regarding the Privacy Act of 1974, an organizational chart, Marlboro College Community Constitution and By-Laws, Articles of Association of the Corporation of Marlboro College, and Alumni Association By-Laws. (JT)

  13. Director of anesthesiology for liver transplantation: existing practices and recommendations by the United Network for Organ Sharing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandell, M Susan; Pomfret, Elizabeth A; Steadman, Randall; Hirose, Ryutaro; Reich, David J; Schumann, Roman; Walia, Ann

    2013-04-01

    A new Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network/United Network for Organ Sharing bylaw recommends that all centers appoint a director of liver transplant anesthesia with a uniform set of criteria. We obtained survey data from the Liver Transplant Anesthesia Consortium so that we could compare existing criteria for a director in the United States with the current recommendations. The data set included responses from adult academic liver transplant programs before the new bylaw. The respondent rates were within statistical limits to exclude sampling bias. All centers had a director of liver transplant anesthesia. The criteria varied between institutions, and the data suggest that the availability of resources influenced the choice of criteria. The information suggests that the criteria used in the new bylaw reflect existing practices. The bylaw plays an important role in supporting emerging leadership roles in liver transplant anesthesia and brings greater uniformity to the directorship position. PMID:23447113

  14. Annexes 1,2 and 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Annex 1 presents the activities related to ongoing researches within the year of 2010; the Annex 2 presents the internal bylaws of the institution and Annex 3 some additional documents related to all the regulations of the Institute

  15. 44 CFR 62.20 - Claims appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (proceeds and sales); condominium association by-laws; proof of other insurance, including homeowners or... decisions; architectural plans and drawings; death certificates; a copy of the will; divorce decree,...

  16. American Osteopathic College of Dermatology

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Online Store Welcome Calendar of Events Find a Dermatology DO Osteopathic Medicine Disease Database Contributors Doctor Derm ... of Trustees Contact Us Ethics Foundation for Osteopathic Dermatology What is the FOD? Governance By-Laws Committees ...

  17. 7 CFR 4284.1010 - Application processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the Center is not to be an independent legal entity, provide copies of the corporate governance... Center is to be an independent corporate entity, provide copies of the corporate charter, bylaws...

  18. 78 FR 77181 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Options Clearing Corporation; Advance Notice Concerning the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... specialization, technical skills, diversity and other desired qualifications; review the Board's Charter for.../bylaws.jsp . All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit...

  19. What to Expect During a Colonoscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... SmartBrief Constitution and Bylaws @ACG Digital Guide ACG Affinity Programs ACG Resources International Affiliate Societies Disclosure Policy ... active and effective sponsor of educational programming for consumers and physicians alike. About the Institute Mission and ...

  20. American College of Gastroenterology

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... SmartBrief Constitution and Bylaws @ACG Digital Guide ACG Affinity Programs ACG Resources International Affiliate Societies Disclosure Policy ... active and effective sponsor of educational programming for consumers and physicians alike. About the Institute Mission and ...

  1. Dermatology Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Online Store Welcome Calendar of Events Find a Dermatology DO Osteopathic Medicine Disease Database Contributors Doctor Derm ... of Trustees Contact Us Ethics Foundation for Osteopathic Dermatology What is the FOD? Governance By-Laws Committees ...

  2. What to Expect During a Colonoscopy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... IBD Circle ACG Professionalism and Wellness Initiative Governors Committees ACG Update Newsletter ACG SmartBrief Constitution and Bylaws @ ... Resources Membership Benefits Trainee Events and Meetings Training Committee Board Review Question of the Week GI Jeopardy ...

  3. American Dental Education Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Interest Groups ADEA Governance Documents and Publications ADEA Dental Faculty Code of Conduct ADEA Bylaws ADEAGies Foundation ... Benefits for Faculty ADEA Member Benefits for Allied Dental Programs ADEA Member Benefits for Dental Schools ADEA ...

  4. 75 FR 11948 - Board of Governors; Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... 8:30 a.m. (Open) 1. Approval of Minutes of Previous Meetings. 2. Remarks of the Chairman of the Board. 3. Remarks of the Postmaster General and CEO. 4. Amendments to Board Bylaws. 5. Appointment...

  5. Beaver Management in Norway - A Review of Recent Literature and Current Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Parker, Howard; Rosell, Frank

    2012-01-01

    Beginning with the total protection of the beaver (Castor fiber) in Norway in 1845, beaver management has undergone numerous changes as population development, resource exploitation goals and management objectives have evolved. Presently, new beaver management by-laws are being developed. This report briefly summarizes the historical development of beaver management in Norway, reviews the recent literature of particular relevance for the development new by-laws and makes recommendations for t...

  6. Smoke-free medical students' meetings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brown, Colin; Rudkjøbing, Andreas

    2005-01-01

    Medical students of the world have signalled their commitment to health promotion by prohibiting smoking at the semiannual general assembly meetings of the International Federation of Medical Students' Associations (IFMSA). Although initially adopted in 2000, the smoke-free bylaw took 5 years...... to come into force. This year finally saw compliance with the bylaw on March 1, 2005, at the IFMSA General Assembly in Antalya, Turkey, when medical students who wanted to smoke had to do so outside....

  7. Responding to change in a challenging climate: 2015 five-year report of the Policy and Planning Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The American Psychological Association (APA) Bylaws Article XI.7 (http://www.apa.org/about/governance/bylaws/article-11.aspx) requires that the Policy and Planning Board report annually by publication to the membership and review the structure and function of the association as a whole every fifth year. This report details the board's 5-year review, including APA's challenges and achievements from 2011 through 2015 within the context of broader social and environmental changes. Recommended priorities for future change are offered. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27504574

  8. Psychology and Health: Research, Practice, and Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Norine G.

    2003-01-01

    Since World War II, American psychology's role in health care has significantly expanded. This was formally recognized in 2001 when the membership of the American Psychological Association (APA) approved a bylaw change in its mission statement to include the word health. An accumulating body of research demonstrates and recent reviews conclude…

  9. 76 FR 12180 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-04

    ..., cross-references and make technical and grammatical changes to clarify and simplify the By-Laws, Rules... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC...'' or ``Commission'') the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which...

  10. Reports to the Membership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    The following are edited/abbreviated versions of the annual reports of the APA Secretary, Treasurer, CEO and Medical Director, Speaker, and Speaker-Elect and the chairpersons of the APA Committee on Bylaws, Membership Committee, Committee of Tellers, and Elections Committee. The full reports were presented at the APA Annual Business Meeting in Atlanta, May 15th, 2016. PMID:27363564

  11. 13 CFR 121.103 - How does SBA determine affiliation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... not limited to, instances where a minority shareholder has the ability, under the concern's charter, by-laws, or shareholder's agreement, to prevent a quorum or otherwise block action by the board of directors or shareholders. (4) Affiliation may be found where an individual, concern, or entity...

  12. 78 FR 67078 - Membership in a Registered Futures Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-08

    ... would also be subject to certain membership fees. The Commission understands that NFA imposes initial...\\ Membership in Registered Futures Association, 72 FR 2614 (Jan. 22, 2007). \\9\\ NFA Bylaw 1101 is available at... Participants, 77 FR 2613 (Jan. 19, 2012). \\3\\ See 7 U.S.C. 21(e), which specifies that any person...

  13. 78 FR 47449 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Options Clearing Corporation; Order Approving Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ... reference in OCC's Certificate of Incorporation. \\4\\ Release No. 34-69771 (June 17, 2013), 78 FR 37640 (June... corporate governance structure and provide for an appropriate checks and balance between oversight by OCC's... governance structure, OCC will revise Section 7 of Article III of its By-Laws to include OCC's President as...

  14. 78 FR 21650 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ... (February 20, 2013), 78 FR 13103 (``Notice''). \\4\\ In approving the proposed rule changes, the Commission... Commission, along with other corporate governance documents.\\8\\ \\7\\ See Section 3(a)(27) of the Act, 15 U.S.C... NYSE Arca Holdings Bylaws, along with other corporate documents, are rules of the Exchange \\7\\ and...

  15. 29 CFR 4002.11 - Seal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Seal. 4002.11 Section 4002.11 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION GENERAL BYLAWS OF THE PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION § 4002.11 Seal. The seal of the Corporation shall be in such form as may be approved from time...

  16. 76 FR 67523 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Options Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ... Change Relating to Management of Liquidity Risk October 26, 2011. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the...'s authority to use, and the manner in which OCC may use, a defaulting clearing member's margin.../components/docs/legal/rules_and_bylaws/sr_occ_11_15.pdf . An essential element of OCC's risk...

  17. 76 FR 77558 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... Counsel, at (202) 295-1500. Questions may be sent by electronic mail to FR_NOTICE_QUESTIONS@lsc.gov... or FR_NOTICE_QUESTIONS@lsc.gov , at least 2 business days in advance of the meeting. If a request is.... Consider and act on changes to LSC Bylaws necessitated by the DC Nonprofit Corporation Act of 2010....

  18. 76 FR 78701 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-19

    ... mail to FR_NOTICE_QUESTIONS@lsc.gov . ACCESSIBILITY: LSC complies with the Americans with Disabilities... telephonically should contact Katherine Ward, at (202) 295-1500 or FR_NOTICE_QUESTIONS@lsc.gov , at least 2... recommendations of the Board's Operations & Regulations Committee on changes to LSC Bylaws. 3. Consider and act...

  19. 75 FR 23831 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ... quorum is present is duly elected to the Board. Under Corporate Governance Guidelines adopted by the... OMX also amended its Corporate Governance Guidelines to reflect the majority vote standard for... to its By-Laws to make improvements in its governance. In SR-NASDAQ-2010-025, The NASDAQ Stock...

  20. 75 FR 23827 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ... directors at which a quorum is present is duly elected to the Board. Under Corporate Governance Guidelines... OMX also amended its Corporate Governance Guidelines to reflect the majority vote standard for... proposed making certain amendments to its By-Laws to make improvements in its governance. In...

  1. 75 FR 25012 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Boston Stock Exchange Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-06

    ... (``Board''). Under Corporate Governance Guidelines adopted by the Board, however, any director in an... purpose. \\7\\ NASDAQ OMX also amended its Corporate Governance Guidelines to reflect the majority vote... proposed making certain amendments to its By-Laws to make improvements in its governance. In...

  2. 75 FR 38576 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NYSE Arca, Inc. To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... directors.'' Under the Corporation's corporate governance guidelines previously adopted by the Board of... in the Bylaws the existing policy of the Corporation aimed at ensuring better corporate governance.... 61947 (April 20, 2010), 75 FR 22169 (April 27, 2010) (SR-NYSE-2010-18). II. Self-Regulatory...

  3. 75 FR 25010 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Stock Clearing Corporation of Philadelphia; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-06

    ... directors (``Board''). Under Corporate Governance Guidelines adopted by the Board, however, any director in... purpose. \\7\\ NASDAQ OMX also amended its Corporate Governance Guidelines to reflect the majority vote... proposed making certain amendments to its By-Laws to make improvements in its governance. In...

  4. 11 CFR 100.14 - State committee, subordinate committee, district, or local committee (2 U.S.C. 431(15)).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... COMMISSION GENERAL SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS (2 U.S.C. 431) General Definitions § 100.14 State committee... organization that by virtue of the bylaws of a political party or the operation of State law is part of the official party structure and is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the political party at...

  5. 76 FR 24942 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-03

    ... Securities Exchange Act Release No. 50485 (October 1, 2004), 69 FR 60445 (October 8, 2004); NASD Notice to... Exchange Act Release No. 46416 (August 23, 2002), 67 FR 55901 (August 30, 2002). \\6\\ See FINRA By-Laws... FR 62616 (November 30, 2009); see also Regulatory Notice 09-68 (November 2009). As FINRA noted...

  6. 75 FR 58004 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    .... 50485 (October 1, 2004), 69 FR 60445 (October 8, 2004). \\6\\ See FINRA By-Laws, Schedule A, Sec. 1(b)(1...\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 46416 (August 23, 2002), 67 FR 55901 (August 30, 2002) (Notice... permanent basis in 2003. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 47946 (May 30, 2003), 68 FR 34021 (June...

  7. 13 CFR 108.600 - General requirement for NMVC Company to maintain and preserve records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., asset valuations, liabilities, equity, income, and expenses. (ii) Your Articles, bylaws, minute books... supporting documentation (such as vouchers, bank statements, or canceled checks) for the records listed in... requirements set forth in Circular A-110 of the Office of Management and Budget. (OMB circulars are...

  8. 12 CFR 615.5240 - Permanent capital requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... capital requirements. (a) The capitalization bylaws shall enable the institution to meet the capital adequacy standards established under subparts H and K of this part and the total capital requirements... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Permanent capital requirements....

  9. World Confederation of Organizations of the Teaching Profession. Annual Report, 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    World Confederation of Organizations of the Teaching Profession, Morges (Switzerland).

    The constitution and bylaws of the World Confederation of Organizations of the Teaching Profession (WCOTP) are set forth as an introduction to this annual report. The report covers the activities of WCOTP from August 1982 to August 1983. It consists of five parts: (1) action taken to implement resolutions of the Assembly of Delegates; (2)…

  10. WCOTP Annual Report 1978; Including the Formal Documents of the XXVII Assembly of Delegates, Jakarta, Indonesia, July 26-August 2, 1978.

    Science.gov (United States)

    World Confederation of Organizations of the Teaching Profession, Morges (Switzerland).

    Included in this annual report are: (1) a review of WCOTP activities presented on behalf of the executive committee; (2) resolutions passed by the XXVII Assembly of Delegates; (3) the program and budget for 1979-80; (4) WCOTP constitution and bylaws; (5) the financial statement for calendar year 1977; and (6) the WCOTP membership list. (DS)

  11. 29 CFR 4002.3 - Board of Directors, Chair, and Representatives of Board Members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Director of the Corporation except that the following powers of the Board may not be delegated to the Director of the Corporation: (i) Voting on an amendment to these bylaws; (ii) Approval of the... and analysis, annual performance report, and reports of the independent auditor; (iii) Approval of...

  12. 17 CFR 1.54 - Contract market rules submitted to and approved or not disapproved by the Secretary of Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... submitted to and approved or not disapproved by the Secretary of Agriculture. 1.54 Section 1.54 Commodity... Secretary of Agriculture. Notwithstanding any provision of these rules, any bylaw, rule, regulation, or resolution of a contract market that was submitted to the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant or § 1.38(a)...

  13. 24 CFR 904.309 - Use of appendices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... or (2) with approval of HUD. The By-Laws of the Homebuyers Association is provided as a guide for... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Use of appendices. 904.309 Section 904.309 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development...

  14. 7 CFR 1212.47 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., regulations, and by-laws to the Secretary for approval to conduct its business as it may deem advisable; (b... the honey industry's position in the marketplace and to maintain, develop, and expand domestic and..., publications, or product formulations, inure to the benefit of the Board; shall be considered income subject...

  15. Introduction of HACCP in Macedonia key way to healthy population

    OpenAIRE

    Gjorgjeska, Biljana; Petkovska, Sofija

    2012-01-01

    Consuming safe and quality food is the key for the health of everyone because this is an important aspect of the global market. Part of the safe food production process, better known as “Hazard analysis and critical control points” or HACCP, as legislation is rapidly introduced in all developing countries, while Macedonia introduced it as a bylaw in 2002.

  16. Report of the Ethics Committee, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2009

    2009-01-01

    In accordance with the bylaws of the American Psychological Association (APA), the Ethics Committee reports regularly to the membership regarding the number and types of ethics complaints investigated and the major programs undertaken. In 2008, ethics adjudication, ethics education and consultation, convention programs, ethics publications,…

  17. Report of the Ethics Committee, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2011

    2011-01-01

    In accordance with the bylaws of the American Psychological Association (APA), the Ethics Committee reports regularly to the membership regarding the number and types of ethics matters investigated and the major programs undertaken. In 2010, ethics adjudication, ethics education and consultation, and special projects were activities of the Ethics…

  18. Report of the Ethics Committee, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2010

    2010-01-01

    In accordance with the bylaws of the American Psychological Association (APA), the Ethics Committee reports regularly to the membership regarding the number and types of ethics complaints investigated and the major programs undertaken. This article is a summary of the talks and workshops of 2009, ethics adjudication, ethics education and…

  19. 76 FR 54271 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ..., 2011), 76 FR 41549 (July 14, 2011) (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal The Exchange proposes... Exchange Act Release No. 64338 (April 25, 2011), 76 FR 24069 (April 29, 2011) (SR-Phlx-2011-13) (conforming.... \\9\\ See Notice, supra note 3, 76 FR at 41550 n.9. \\10\\ Id. \\11\\ See Exchange By-Law Article...

  20. 78 FR 3051 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Options Clearing Corporation; Order Approving Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-15

    ... (November 26, 2012), 77 FR 71466 (November 30, 2012). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The... Article VI of the OCC By-Laws (requiring separation of firm and customer positions), clearing members have... the Liquidating Settlement Account in respect of the customers' account, may be used to satisfy...

  1. 75 FR 27660 - Loan Policies and Operations; Loan Purchases From FDIC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... entitled to patronage, voting, or other shareholder rights under the FCA regulations or institution bylaws... entitled to certain ``borrower rights.'' \\6\\ Failed bank borrowers with agricultural or cooperative loans... lending authority would be subject to borrower rights and would be restructured or foreclosed,...

  2. Bio-technologies; Biotechnologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grawitz, X. [Systems Bio Industries, 92 - Boulogne Billancourt (France)

    1997-12-31

    This paper is a series of transparencies which describes the measures taken by Systems Bio-Industries company to adapt its central heating plants, turbines, engines and dryers to the new French 2910 by-law about thermal efficiency and environmental impact of heating plants. The project of development of a cogeneration system in the Angouleme site is briefly described. (J.S.)

  3. 77 FR 1119 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-09

    ... and publication of the generally accepted accounting principles (``GAAP'') for state and local... Proposed Rule Change Relating to Establishing a Governmental Accounting Standards Board Accounting Support... to adopt Section 14 to Schedule A of the FINRA By-Laws to establish an accounting support fee...

  4. Regulation and comparative discretion of publicly and privately owned water companies in The Netherlands, England and Wales

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.A.C. Schouten (Marco); M.P. van Dijk (Meine Pieter)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractAny water company is subject to regulation, either through bylaws, national or supra-national regulations. In this contribution we assess how these regulatory regimes affect the discretion of privately owned companies in England and Wales and publicly owned water companies in the Netherl

  5. 50 CFR 679.26 - Prohibited Species Donation Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... locations to hunger relief agencies, food bank networks, or food bank distributors, including arrangements... ensure that fish donated under this program will be distributed to hunger relief agencies, food bank... bylaws showing that the purpose of the applicant includes providing food resources to hunger...

  6. 7 CFR 1600.4 - Scheduling of meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scheduling of meetings. 1600.4 Section 1600.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL TELEPHONE BANK, DEPARTMENT OF... Scheduling of meetings. A decision to hold a meeting of the Board should be made as provided in the bylaws...

  7. 75 FR 26823 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ... No. 61242 (December 28, 2009), 75 FR 167 (January 4, 2010) (SR-FINRA-2009-076). The expedited... settlement agreement related to an arbitration or mediation under the Nasdaq By-Laws, or a FINRA order of... acknowledges that the proposal presents no novel issues, and that it will provide a benefit to...

  8. Contesting sharia : state law, decentralization and Minangkabau custom

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huda, Yasrul

    2013-01-01

    This book explains how Sharia, commonly called Perda Sharia (Sharia by-law) in Indonesia, was legislated on the provincial, regional and municipal level in West Sumatra. This process began after the government started a decentralization policy in 2000. Although the law of local autonomy prescribes t

  9. 76 FR 59462 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Y-Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-26

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Y-Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To Amend and Restate the Amended and Restated Bylaws of BATS Global Markets, Inc. September 19, 2011... thereunder,\\2\\ notice is hereby given that on September 7, 2011, BATS Y-Exchange, Inc. (the ``Exchange''...

  10. 78 FR 28663 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-15

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change To Amend and Restate the Amended and Restated By-Laws of BATS Exchange, Inc. May 8, 2013. Pursuant to...\\ notice is hereby given that on April 29, 2013, BATS Exchange, Inc. (the ``Exchange'' or ``BATS'')...

  11. 76 FR 59472 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-26

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To Amend and Restate the Amended and Restated Bylaws of BATS Global Markets, Inc. September 19, 2011... thereunder,\\2\\ notice is hereby given that on September 7, 2011, BATS Exchange, Inc. (the ``Exchange''...

  12. Handbook for the Society for General Music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Music Today, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Presents the organizational framework of the Society for General Music. Contains basic explanations of purpose, goals, and establishment; bylaws concerning personnel, the General Music Council, an editor, the Executive Committee, and the composition and function of the Council; membership; officers; publications; editorial board; and nomination,…

  13. 76 FR 10418 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change... February 8, 2011, The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC (``NASDAQ'' or ``Exchange'') filed with the Securities and... Change The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC proposes to amend the By-Laws of its parent corporation, The...

  14. 36 CFR 1151.5 - Board meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Board meetings. 1151.5... BOARD BYLAWS § 1151.5 Board meetings. (a) Number. The Chair shall schedule five regular meetings of the.... Regular meetings of the Board and at least one Board sponsored event shall ordinarily be held on...

  15. The Mobilization of the Formal Normative Rules in an Educational Institution: A Sociological Study in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serpa, Sandro

    2016-01-01

    The formal dimension can greatly condition the operation of an organization. The present article aims to study the mobilization of organizations' formal structures within educational institutions. To achieve this goal, I analyze the situations between 1858 and 1913 in which the bylaws and/or regulations of the "Disadvantaged Children's…

  16. 26 CFR 1.527-2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... normal corporate formalities as ordinarily established in bylaws or under state law. (b) Segregated fund... examples illustrate the principles of paragraph (c) of this section. The term exempt function when used in... is exempt from taxation under section 501(a). F is employed as president of N. F, as a...

  17. 15 CFR 325.3 - Applying for a certificate of review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., bylaws, partnership, joint venture, membership or other agreements or contracts under which the applicant... (Continued) INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS EXPORT TRADE...-0125) by personal delivery during normal business hours or by first class mail to the Office of...

  18. 18 CFR 153.8 - Required exhibits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of articles of incorporation, partnership or joint venture agreements, and by-laws of applicant; the..., OR MODIFY FACILITIES USED FOR THE EXPORT OR IMPORT OF NATURAL GAS Application Under Section 3 § 153.8... for the export or the import of natural gas is within the authorized powers of applicant,...

  19. URBANIZATION OF ARABLE LAND IN LAHORE CITY IN PAKISTAN; A CASE-STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaliq Uz Zaman

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper is intended to explore the extent of converting arable land for urban use andthe pace of construction activities on the residential housing schemes. In most of the schemesmore than half of the plots are inbuilt because by-laws are very flexible and owners of vacantplots have no fear of cancellation and they consider this investment a better safeguard againstinflation. Moreover, speculators invested their money in the plots because no cost / taxes areinvolved in the keeping of vacant plots. By implementing strict by-laws and imposing capitalgains tax on vacant land and converting the collected taxes from the schemes to create revolvingfunds for house building for really needy, low-middle income groups, the extent of conversionarable land into housing schemes can be reducedKeywords speculators, pace, conversion, vacant plots, density, land policy. 

  20. URBANIZATION OF ARABLE LAND IN LAHORE CITY IN PAKISTAN; A CASE-STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaliq-Uz-Zaman

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper is intended to explore the extent of converting arable land for urban use andthe pace of construction activities on the residential housing schemes. In most of the schemesmore than half of the plots are inbuilt because by-laws are very flexible and owners of vacantplots have no fear of cancellation and they consider this investment a better safeguard againstinflation. Moreover, speculators invested their money in the plots because no cost / taxes areinvolved in the keeping of vacant plots. By implementing strict by-laws and imposing capitalgains tax on vacant land and converting the collected taxes from the schemes to create revolvingfunds for house building for really needy, low-middle income groups, the extent of conversionarable land into housing schemes can be reducedKeywords speculators, pace, conversion, vacant plots, density, land policy.

  1. ACCF/AHA 2007 Clinical Competence Statement on Vascular Imaging With Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association/American College of Physicians Task Force on Clinical Competence and Training

    OpenAIRE

    Kramer, Christopher M.; Budoff, Matthew J.; Fayad, Zahi A; Ferrari, Victor A.; Goldman, Corey; John R. Lesser; Martin, Edward T.; Rajagopalan, Sanjay; Reilly, John P.; Wechsler, Lawrence; Creager, Mark A.; Holmes, David R.; Merli, Geno; Newby, L. Kristin; Piña, Ileana

    2007-01-01

    The granting of clinical staff privileges to physicians is a primary mechanism used by institutions to uphold the quality of care. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations requires that the granting of continuing medical staff privileges be based on assessments of applicants against professional criteria specified in the medical staff bylaws. Physicians themselves are thus charged with identifying the criteria that constitute professional competence and with evaluatin...

  2. Paperwork for the Busy Interventionalist: The Basic Six

    OpenAIRE

    Smouse, H. Bob; Harty, Patrick

    2006-01-01

    Communication and patient care go hand in hand. Unfortunately, due to time constraints direct verbal communication with health care providers in every instance is not practical; it is also inefficient. Documentation is mandated by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations and hospital bylaws. It reduces ambiguity and actually speeds communication between physician and hospital staff. Standard paperwork is recommended in most cases. Forms for patient admission, history ...

  3. Small cogeneration units now privileged; Les petites unites de cogeneration desormais privilegiees

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jemain, A.

    2001-09-01

    The new French by-law of August 31, 2001 which precises the conditions of repurchase of the electricity produced by cogeneration units makes a clear distinction between small ({<=} 12 MW) and big cogeneration units. These new rules modify the market and favor the small units to the detriment of big projects. However, the duration of the electricity repurchase obligation by the French electric utilities remains unknown. (J.S.)

  4. Developing a risk management maturity model: a comprehensive risk maturity model for Dutch municipalities

    OpenAIRE

    Cienfuegos Spikin, Ignacio Jose

    2013-01-01

    As in the private sector, risk management has gained also increasing popularity by public entities. Nonetheless, the correct implementation of risk management by public entities might be a difficult task to accomplish. The Dutch case is an interesting example, since municipalities in the Netherlands have a special bylaw for risk management. However as innovative as it might seems for the public context, there would be some evidence of the difficulties that municipalities in the Netherlands ha...

  5. The ESM and the Principle of Transparency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Nes Matteo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This note analyses a peculiar feature of the ESM, namely the lack of an acceptable set of standards for the fundamental democratic principle of transparency. Moving from the particular nature of this mechanism, we will highlight the most critical concerns connected to secrecy, confidentiality and inviolability of documents, looking not only at the ESM Treaty but also at relevant documents approved by its bodies (in particular the Code of Conduct and the By-Laws.

  6. Vähemmistöosakkaan asema osakeyhtiössä

    OpenAIRE

    Ruuskanen, Timo

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this work was to bring out some of the problems that the minority shareholders in corporations go through. The task was to evaluate the position of minority shareholders by exploring corporate law, corporate by-law and they possibilities of mutual agreements. At the beginning of the study were gone through the principles of corporation that play a part in company law legislation and the relations between shareholders. From the principles of corporation can be seen the character...

  7. Penyelesaian Sengketa Akad Pembiayaan Lembaga Keuangan Mikro (Studi Sengketa Di Baitul Maal Wat Tamwil (BMT) Kota Medan)

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Rahmad Hidayat

    2011-01-01

    One of the non-bank Islamic finance institutions is Baitul Mal wat Tamwil (BMT) which is oriented to the economic activities of small business based on the principles of Syari’ah and cooperatives. Jurisdictionally, the BMT is regulated through the law of cooperatives, therefore, the work guidelines, health assessment, statutes/bylaws of BMT are referred to Law No.25/1992 on Cooperatives. The data available in the North Sumatera Small-scale Business and Business Incubation Centre shows tha...

  8. Furnaces. The manufacturer turns to the engineering office; Les fours. Le constructeur devient bureau d`ingenierie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nivoche, C. [Selas SA, 92 - Gennevilliers (France)

    1997-12-31

    This paper describes the actions carried out by the Selas company involved in the manufacturing of industrial furnaces in order to respect the environmental regulations of the French 2910 by-law: particularity of industrial furnaces, activities of the Selas company (surface cleaning process for iron and stainless steel sheets, quenching of glass panes), reduction of dust, SO{sub x}, NO{sub x} and organic compound emissions from combustion systems and burners. (J.S.)

  9. Laws versus Contracts: Shareholder Protections and Ownership Concentration in Brazil, 1890–1950

    OpenAIRE

    Aldo Musacchio

    2008-01-01

    This article examines some of the institutional conditions that facilitated the development of equity markets in Brazil. A critical factor was the addition to corporate bylaws of protections for investors, which enabled relatively large corporations in Brazil to attract investors in large numbers. By availing themselves of this strategy, the firms generated a relatively low concentration of ownership before 1910. Archival evidence, such as company statutes and shareholder lists, reveals that ...

  10. Selfmanagement ředitelky mateřské školy

    OpenAIRE

    NOVOTNÁ, Miroslava

    2008-01-01

    Many burdens are laid on school managers in today's fast age. Surely, it is impossible to avoid all burdens related to management of a school facility. Manager of kinder garden has to be skilled in various areas, not only the professional - educational. A school manager, as an employer, should have knowledge primarily in economy, wage accounting and, in many cases, law. School managers have to be familiar with basic law rules governing labour relationships and another laws and bylaws. They ha...

  11. Corporate Governance Before There Was Corporate Law

    OpenAIRE

    Ostergaard, Charlotte; Smith, David C.

    2011-01-01

    We study 79 sets of bylaw provisions adopted by Norwegian corporations in a free contracting environment before Norway got its first corporate law. The firms in our sample are publicly traded companies in the period 1900-1910. We document substantial protections to minority shareholders against expropriation by insiders and observe considerable heterogeneity in the investor protections stipulated in the contracts with regards to board structure, director responsibilities and re...

  12. The carrot, the stick, and the combo : a recipe for reducing vehicle idling in Canadian communities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This paper presented guidelines for municipal anti-idling programs. A broad cross-section of municipalities and community groups across Canada that have implemented voluntary or regulatory idle-free initiatives were identified. Detailed case studies of 10 municipalities were presented which identified success factors, best practices and costs associated with both voluntary and regulatory approaches. The roles of voluntary and regulatory approaches in changing the public's behaviour and perceptions towards vehicle engine idling were investigated. A framework was presented for the development of a municipal idle-free program which focused on 4 areas: (1) the development and maintenance of partnerships, (2) the development of a case or background on the reasons why idling is a serious issue and why a reduced-idling program is needed, (3) the generation of public support for reducing vehicle idling, and (4) the development of education and outreach programs to enable effective by-law development and implementation. The development of idling initiatives within overall environmental strategies was examined, as well as the customization of outreach approaches to meet the needs of target audiences. The importance of open and public discussion as part of idling control by-law development was emphasized. Features of the framework included linking idling to local concerns such as air quality, health and climate change; volunteerism; the initiation of a no-idling policy for municipal fleets; the establishment of an environmental coordinator; and, the recognition that education is key to support by-law development and implementation. Issues concerning the enforcement of by-laws were also discussed. tabs., figs.

  13. Extra strength sewer surcharges in Ontario : do they reduce pollutant loadings?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some municipalities use a form of contaminant charge to recover costs of treating extra strength industrial waste water effluents in sewage treatment plants. In some cases the charge is used to encourage sewer users to pretreat their waste effluents, thereby reducing the pollution loadings to municipalities. Extra strength sewer surcharges (ESSS) involve the use of surcharge rates to the portion of the target pollutant or loadings that exceed the local by-law limits. Economists are interested in ESSSs because they pose a practical use for the contaminant charge system. This paper examined the degree to which ESSSs provide incentives to sewer uses to reduce pollution discharges. This was done by reviewing the literature on systems in different jurisdictions, mostly in the United States. Relevant data from two Canadian surveys was also analyzed. The following modifications to ESSS designs were recommended: (1) prohibit the use of increased flows to adjust effluent concentrations, (2) apply charges to any amount of pollutants discharged, not just to discharge with concentrations above by-law limits, (3) apply charge rates to any pollutant or chemical which the municipality views as causing problems to the sewer system, treatment plant or receiving waters, (4) define absolute minimum allowable effluent concentrations or loading limits for specific chargeable pollutants and for waste water flows in the municipal by-law, and (5) set charge rates that are high enough to encourage sewer users to reduce loading and flows with the promise of rate reductions when concentrations reach pre-established targets

  14. Laboratory Astrophysics Division of the AAS (LAD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salama, Farid; Drake, R. P.; Federman, S. R.; Haxton, W. C.; Savin, D. W.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the Laboratory Astrophysics Division (LAD) is to advance our understanding of the Universe through the promotion of fundamental theoretical and experimental research into the underlying processes that drive the Cosmos. LAD represents all areas of astrophysics and planetary sciences. The first new AAS Division in more than 30 years, the LAD traces its history back to the recommendation from the scientific community via the White Paper from the 2006 NASA-sponsored Laboratory Astrophysics Workshop. This recommendation was endorsed by the Astronomy and Astrophysics Advisory Committee (AAAC), which advises the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) on selected issues within the fields of astronomy and astrophysics that are of mutual interest and concern to the agencies. In January 2007, at the 209th AAS meeting, the AAS Council set up a Steering Committee to formulate Bylaws for a Working Group on Laboratory Astrophysics (WGLA). The AAS Council formally established the WGLA with a five-year mandate in May 2007, at the 210th AAS meeting. From 2008 through 2012, the WGLA annually sponsored Meetings in-a-Meeting at the AAS Summer Meetings. In May 2011, at the 218th AAS meeting, the AAS Council voted to convert the WGLA, at the end of its mandate, into a Division of the AAS and requested draft Bylaws from the Steering Committee. In January 2012, at the 219th AAS Meeting, the AAS Council formally approved the Bylaws and the creation of the LAD. The inaugural gathering and the first business meeting of the LAD were held at the 220th AAS meeting in Anchorage in June 2012. You can learn more about LAD by visiting its website at http://lad.aas.org/ and by subscribing to its mailing list.

  15. Corporate Governance Problems of Savings, Credit and Cooperative Societies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odhiambo Odera

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The study discusses the corporate governance problems of Savings, Credit and Cooperative Societies (SACCOs. It examines both the corporate governance theories and conflicts of governance associated with SACCOs. Problems frequently occur in SACCOs due to one or more of the following reasons; lack of clear and proper rules separating management from decision making, unqualified personnel in management, inadequate managerial competitiveness, failure of membership and boards to exercise fiduciary responsibility and the one member one vote (OMOV system. Several measures against the SACCO governance problems such as having clear rules in the SACCO bylaws and identifying who are the stakeholders dominating the SACCO should help to ensure good governance.

  16. The management of abandoned sites at the basin collieries of center and southern France and the procedure of stoppage of mining works

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The basin collieries of center and southern France (HBCM) have launched since 1993 the procedures of stoppage of mining works as foreseen by the mining rights and which will lead to the renunciation of their 148 concessions once the remediation of the sites has been completed. In order to cope with the enormous work of file and work follow up, a rigorous procedure and organization has been implemented in order to obtain all necessary prefecture by-laws by the end of 2005. (J.S.)

  17. Biomass equipments. The wood-fueled heating plants; Materiels pour la biomasse. Les chaudieres bois

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chieze, B. [SA Compte R, 63 - Arlanc (France)

    1997-12-31

    This paper analyzes the consequences of the classification of biomass fuels in the French 2910 by-law on the classification of biomass-fueled combustion installations. Biomass fuels used in such installations must be only wood wastes without any treatment or coating. The design of biomass combustion systems must follow several specifications relative to the fueling system, the combustion chamber, the heat exchanger and the treatment of exhaust gases. Other technical solutions must be studied for other type of wood wastes in order to respect the environmental pollution laws. (J.S.)

  18. Combustion and regulation; Combustion et reglementation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    This conference was organized after the publication of the French by-law no 2010 relative to combustion installations and to the abatement of atmospheric pollution. Five topics were discussed during the conference: the new regulations, their content, innovations and modalities of application; the means of energy suppliers to face the new provisions and their schedule; the manufacturers proposals for existing installations and the new equipments; the administration control; and the impact of the new measures on exploitation and engineering. Twenty papers and 2 journal articles are reported in these proceedings. (J.S.)

  19. The Surgery Club- A Model for Development of Graduate Entrepreneurial Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Kakkar, Rosie; Nawrocki, Philip

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a reflective journey through the process of development of an extra- curricular project. A group of medical students on the St Georges Programme in their first year of medicine were keen to specialise in surgery in their clinical years yet to come. The idea of a ‘Surgery Club’ was thus born. Paperwork was submitted, to ensure recognition of the Club by the Institution, setting the bylaws, the constitution and a mission statement along with budgeting projections for the Term to c...

  20. CONSENSUS BUILDING VIA COOPERATIVE GAME THEORY IN THE PROCESS OF URBAN REDEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Küçükmehmetoğlu, Mehmet; Büyükgöz, Ali

    2013-01-01

    In Turkey, after the 1999 Gölcük Earthquake, urban redevelopment has been seen as a major solution for the removal or rehabilitation of low quality urban settlements. Several laws and bylaws have been passed to this end. One of the major task of this transformation and/or redevelopment is to convince relevant parties to participate into the process of change. This process always needs either significant side-payments from government, or land use change and/or density bonuses as much as to cov...

  1. Air quality, mortality, and economic benefits of a smoke - free workplace law for non-smoking Ontario bar workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Repace, J; Zhang, B; Bondy, S J; Benowitz, N; Ferrence, R

    2013-04-01

    We estimated the impact of a smoke-free workplace bylaw on non-smoking bar workers' health in Ontario, Canada. We measured bar workers' urine cotinine before (n = 99) and after (n = 91) a 2004 smoke-free workplace bylaw. Using pharmacokinetic and epidemiological models, we estimated workers' fine-particle (PM2.5 ) air pollution exposure and mortality risks from workplace secondhand smoke (SHS). workers' pre-law geometric mean cotinine was 10.3 ng/ml; post-law dose declined 70% to 3.10 ng/ml and reported work hours of exposure by 90%. Pre-law, 97% of workers' doses exceeded the 90th percentile for Canadians of working age. Pre-law-estimated 8-h average workplace PM2.5 exposure from SHS was 419 μg/m(3) or 'Very Poor' air quality, while outdoor PM2.5 levels averaged 7 μg/m(3) , 'Very Good' air quality by Canadian Air Quality Standards. We estimated that the bar workers' annual mortality rate from workplace SHS exposure was 102 deaths per 100000 persons. This was 2.4 times the occupational disease fatality rate for all Ontario workers. We estimated that half to two-thirds of the 10620 Ontario bar workers were non-smokers. Accordingly, Ontario's smoke-free law saved an estimated 5-7 non-smoking bar workers' lives annually, valued at CA $50 million to $68 million (US $49 million to $66 million).

  2. Self-governance: treatment for an unhealthy nursing culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, L M

    1987-05-01

    The concept of participatory management for nurses is based on the premise that nurses' education and experience qualify them for a leading role in the decision making that affects patient care. Rose Medical Center, Denver, initiated a self-governance model in 1980. The Nursing Congress, which is recognized by the board of trustees and the medical executive committee, represents all nursing division employees who have satisfactorily completed the probation period. Its bylaws provide for four officers, three members at large, and representatives from the committees and councils on nursing standards and practice, audit/quality assurance, continuing education and research, career ladders, collaborative practice, human resources, rules and regulations, and bylaws. Since implementing the shared-governance structure, the medical center has documented an annual attrition rate of less than 12 percent, a significant 5-year retention rate, and above-average satisfaction with working conditions. Nursing administrators who seek to improve the working conditions that influence staff retention must avoid thinking that relegates nurses to second-class status and limits their decision-making capacity. This does not mean, however, ignoring the fact that organizational change can be threatening to some individuals. Participatory management models can help nurses translate existing skills into strengths, enabling them to view change as a catalyst for improved conditions. Nursing shortages themselves are not the problem but rather a symptom of the problem, an unhealthy nursing culture. Unless leaders step forward to push for change, the shortage of qualified, talented nurses will persist. PMID:10281759

  3. Photovoltaic module certification/laboratory accreditation criteria development: Implementation handbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osterwald, C.R. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO (United States); Hammond, R.L.; Wood, B.D.; Backus, C.E.; Sears, R.L. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States); Zerlaut, G.A. [SC-International, Inc., Tempe, AZ (United States); D`Aiello, R.V. [RD Associates, Tempe, AZ (United States)

    1996-08-01

    This document covers the second phase of a two-part program. Phase I provided an overview of the structure and function of typical product certification/laboratory accreditation programs. This report (Phase H) provides most of the draft documents that will be necessary for the implementation of a photovoltaic (PV) module certification/laboratory accreditation program. These include organizational documents such as articles of incorporation, bylaws, and rules of procedure, as well as marketing and educational program documents. In Phase I, a 30-member criteria development committee was established to guide, review and reach a majority consensus regarding criteria for a PV certification/laboratory accreditation program. Committee members represented PV manufacturers, end users, standards and codes organizations, and testing laboratories. A similar committee was established for Phase II; the criteria implementation committee consisted of 29 members. Twenty-one of the Phase I committee members also served on the Phase II committee, which helped to provide program continuity during Phase II.

  4. University of Western Australia v Gray: an academic duty to commercialise research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vines, Tim; Faunce, Thomas

    2008-12-01

    In an era of tightening university budgets and pressure to commercialise academic knowledge, many higher education institutions see the exploitation of new inventions and discoveries, through the use of patents, as an additional revenue stream. To that end, many such organisations have in place policies and by-laws which regulate "ownership" and disclosure of inventions created by employees. This can be seen as a continuation of an ongoing process of shifting universities from institutes of "pure research" to commercial operations, seeking to maximise financial gains from the efforts of their researchers. However, new opportunities present new risks. One of the last Federal Court decisions by the High Court of Australia's new Chief Justice, Justice French, in University of Western Australia v Gray [2008] FCA 498 explores some of the challenges which Australian university administrators and policy developers will need to overcome if an appropriate balance between private interests and public good is to be maintained in this context. PMID:19205305

  5. Defining elements of success: a critical pathway of coalition development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downey, Laura M; Ireson, Carol L; Slavova, Svetla; McKee, Genia

    2008-04-01

    In recent decades, coalitions have been established to address many public health problems, including injury prevention. A partnership among the Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center and four injury prevention coalitions has documented the developmental stages of successful coalitions. This developmental process was constructed through the analysis of participating coalition documents, such as each coalition's mission statement, bylaws or rules of operation, the use of committees within the organization, frequency of meetings, and additional historical documents. Themes from this analysis guided researchers in designing a critical pathway model that describes milestones in coalition formation. Critical components in coalition formation include a clear definition of the coalition structure, coalition enhancement, funding, community support, leadership, education and outreach to the community, membership, partnerships, data and evaluation, and publicity. These findings are applicable to public health professionals who work with community-based coalitions and citizens who participate in local coalitions. PMID:18340088

  6. [IMPLEMENTATION OF MEASURES FOR OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE AT ENTERPRISES OF BREWING INDUSTRY].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agafonov, G V; Novikova, L V; Chusova, A E

    2015-01-01

    In the paper there are considered the legal basics of the occupational hygiene of brewing production: acts, bylaws and normative legal acts. There are characterized types of supervision and control (state, departmental, public) implementing the abidance of the sanitary legislation at the enterprises of the brewing industry. There are presented sanitary and hygienic requirements to the enterprises of the brewing industry. There are designated measures of occupational hygiene of brewing production: a sink, cleaning--removal of various pollutions, and also disinfection--process of the decline in quantity of microorganisms to safe level. There are considered some characteristics of pollutions which are subject to removal at various stages ofproduction of beer and stages of sanitary processing of brewing systems according to chemical properties of substances. PMID:27029175

  7. Model of contract of purchase of the electric power produced by methanation, and benefiting from the electricity purchase obligation. Established after enforcement of the article 5 of the decree from May 10, 2001 and approved by the minister attended to electric power; Modele de contrat d'achat de l'energie electrique produite par methanisation, et beneficiant de l'obligation d'achat d'electricite. Etablie en application de l'article 5 du decret du 10 mai 2001 et approuve par le Ministre charge de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This model of contract comprises 2 parts. The first part describes the general conditions of electric power purchase: aim of the contract, connection to the grid and delivery point, producer's facility, reciprocal commitments and stoppages for maintenance purpose, energy and power metering and control, energy delivery, payment for the purchased power (tariffs, energy efficiency incentives, conditions, control, tariffs indexing), taxes, payments, contract enforcement, date line, suspension, modification or cancellation, conciliation in case of dispute. A recall of the tariffs mentioned in the by-law from April 16, 2002, of the approximation rules and some models of certificates are given in appendixes. The second part gives some complements to the general conditions (purchaser and producer corporate, characteristics of the facility, details about the connection and delivery point, description of the metering system, tariffs of purchase and indexing, payment of bills, contract characteristics, subscription for a power supply contract). (J.S.)

  8. Model of contract of purchase of the electric power produced by facilities that use the radiant energy of the sun and benefiting from the electricity purchase obligation. Established after enforcement of the article 5 of the decree from May 10, 2001 and approved by the minister attended to energy; Modele de contrat d'achat de l'energie electrique produite par les installations utilisant l'energie radiative du soleil et beneficiant de l'obligation d'achat d'electricite. Etablie en application de l'article 5 du decret du 10 mai 2001 et approuve par le Ministre charge de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This model of contract comprises 3 parts. The first part describes the general conditions of electric power purchase: aim of the contract, connection to the grid and delivery point, producer's facility, reciprocal commitments and stoppages for maintenance purpose, energy and power metering and control, energy delivery, payment for the purchased power (payment and payment indexing), taxes, payments, contract enforcement, date line, suspension, modification or cancellation, conciliation in case of dispute. A recall of the tariffs mentioned in the by-law from March 13, 2002, of the approximation rules and a model of certificate are given in appendixes. The second part gives some complements to the general conditions (purchaser and producer corporate, characteristics of the facility, details about the connection and delivery point, description of the metering system, tariffs of purchase and indexing, payment of bills, contract characteristics, subscription for a power supply contract). The third part is a model of contract for low voltage photovoltaic facilities. (J.S.)

  9. Model of contract of purchase of the electric power produced by small facilities with a power lower or equal to 36 kVA and benefiting from the electricity purchase obligation. Established after enforcement of the article 5 of the decree from May 10, 2001 and approved by the minister attended to energy; Modele de contrat d'achat de l'energie electrique produite par les petites installations d'une puissance inferieure ou egale a 36 KVA et beneficiant de l'obligation d'achat d'electricite. Etablie en application de l'article 5 du decret du 10 mai 2001 et approuve par le Ministre charge de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This model of contract comprises 3 parts. The first part describes the general conditions of electric power purchase: aim of the contract, connection to the grid and delivery point, producer's facility, reciprocal commitments and stoppages for maintenance purpose, energy and power metering and control, energy delivery, payment for the purchased power (payment and payment indexing), taxes, payments, contract enforcement, date line, suspension, modification or cancellation, conciliation in case of dispute. A recall of the tariffs mentioned in the by-law from March 13, 2002, of the approximation rules and some models of certificates are given in appendixes. The second part gives some complements to the general conditions (purchaser and producer corporate, characteristics of the facility, details about the connection and delivery point, description of the metering system, tariffs of purchase and indexing, payment of bills, contract characteristics, subscription for a power supply contract). The third part is a model of contract for low voltage facilities. (J.S.)

  10. Model of contract of purchase of the electric power produced by facilities that use the energy of aquifers or of underground rocks and benefiting from the electricity purchase obligation. Established after enforcement of the article 5 of the decree from May 10, 2001 and approved by the minister attended to electricity; Modele de contrat d'achat de l'energie electrique produite par les installations utilisant l'energie des nappes aquiferes ou des roches souterraines et beneficiant de l'obligation d'achat d'electricite. Etablie en application de l'article 5 du decret du 10 mai 2001 et approuve par le Ministre charge de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This model of contract comprises 2 parts. The first part describes the general conditions of electric power purchase: aim of the contract, connection to the grid and delivery point, producer's facility, reciprocal commitments and stoppages for maintenance purpose, energy and power metering and control, energy delivery, payment for the purchased power (payment and payment indexing), taxes, payments, contract enforcement, date line, suspension, modification or cancellation, conciliation in case of dispute. A recall of the tariffs mentioned in the by-law from March 13, 2002, of the approximation rules and a model of certificate are given in appendixes. The second part gives some complements to the general conditions (purchaser and producer corporate, characteristics of the facility, details about the connection and delivery point, description of the metering system, tariffs of purchase and indexing, payment of bills, contract characteristics, subscription for a power supply contract). (J.S.)

  11. Model of contract of purchase of the electric power produced by facilities that use the mechanical energy of the wind, and benefiting from the electricity purchase obligation. Established after enforcement of the article 5 of the decree from May 10, 2001 and approved by the minister attended to energy; Modele de contrat d'achat de l'energie electrique produite par les installations utilisant l'energie mecanique du vent et beneficiant l'obligation d'achat d'electricite. Etablie en application de l'article 5 du decret du 10 mai 2001 et approuve par le Ministre charge de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This model of contract comprises 2 parts. The first part describes the general conditions of electric power purchase: aim of the contract, connection to the grid and delivery point, producer's facility, reciprocal commitments and stoppages for maintenance purpose, energy and power metering and control, energy delivery, payment for the purchased power (tariffs, energy efficiency incentives, conditions, control, tariffs indexing), taxes, payments, contract enforcement, date line, suspension, modification or cancellation, conciliation in case of dispute. A recall of the tariffs mentioned in the by-law from June 8, 2001, of the approximation rules and a model of certificate are given in appendixes. The second part gives some complements to the general conditions (purchaser and producer corporate, characteristics of the facility, details about the connection and delivery point, description of the metering system, tariffs of purchase and indexing, payment of bills, contract characteristics, subscription for a power supply contract). (J.S.)

  12. The consequences of incomplete disclosure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macfarlane, J.H. [Osler Hoskin and Harcourt, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    1998-12-01

    The disclosure requirements imposed on Canadian public companies are discussed. The basis of the capital market system in Canada is the integrity of full and true disclosure of all material facts in a prospectus and continuous disclosure of material changes and information, including financial results. Securities regulators have the right to report to the appropriate law enforcement agencies any company director who intentionally files misleading financial statements or press releases. The fundamental policy of Canadian stock exchanges is that all persons investing in securities listed on an exchange have equal access to information that may affect their investment decisions. Canadian stock exchanges have developed by-laws, rules and regulations relating to listed companies disclosure obligations, breach of which may lead to suspension of trading, delisting of the securities of the offending issuer, and substantial fines. Details of civil and criminal liability, current and proposed, for incomplete or inaccurate disclosure under Canadian securities legislation are explained. 59 refs.

  13. Renewable energy policy in the Republic of Serbia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this paper is to give insight into the goals, instruments and planned measures of the Serbian Government in the field of renewable energy sources (RES). The method is based on an overview and analysis of adopted laws and regulations and other official documents. The results have revealed that progress has been made in this field in recent years. Midterm targets for the proportion of energy from RES in overall energy consumption have been defined; feed-in-tariffs have been adopted; legislative and socio-economic barriers of increased exploitation of RES have been analyzed and measures and activities were suggested for their resolution. The existing RES-related legislation, however, is imprecise and incomplete. Numerous bylaws, technical standards and guidelines are still outstanding. The key RES-related documents are inconsistent, lack clarity and are insufficiently decisive when implementing specific measures of incentives for production of RES-based energy. (author)

  14. Health Law: Notifiable diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gastón Casaux

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This work made up the ultimate Health Law, latest new law branch from older date in the whole world but recently appearance in our country. As usual in other cases, we increase one of de most relevant events: the endless number of diseases that we advise obligatory, because they have been regulated for consecutive by-laws en the codex from 1946, 1958 and 2004. Since 2012 in order of the successful transformations in the modern technology with the change of rules in our order-law, it was necessary to recall their contents and we achieve in order of the promulgation the decree number 41/12 dated in February 16. In the second chapter we analyse one of the most bothersome contents: the diseases becoming from the food habitudes (named eia´s, whatever we considered a real significance for the common of the citizens and consumers, because they prevail notoriously in the human health.

  15. The latrine ownership ladder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Obeng, Peter Appiah; Keraita, Bernard; Oduro-Kwarteng, Sampson;

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the latrine ownership ladder as a conceptual policy framework to enhance sanitation uptake in low-income peri-urban areas. Design/methodology/approach – The paper draws from literature and a case study in a Ghanaian peri-urban community to highlight...... the challenges that undermine sanitation uptake in low-income peri-urban areas and the prospects of various levels of facility sharing as conceived in the latrine ownership ladder approach. Findings – The authors argue that the infrastructural and other socio-economic challenges of low-income peri-urban areas...... to the promotion of household latrines. The paper identifies provision of special concessions for peri-urban areas in policy formulation, education and technical support to households, regulation and enforcement of sanitation by-laws among complimentary policy interventions to make the latrine ownership ladder...

  16. Modular plants with high power gas engines (1 to 30 MWe); Centrales modulaires a moteurs gaz de forte puissance (de 1 a 30 MWe)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haushalter, J. [Wartsila (France)

    1997-12-31

    This paper is a series of transparencies about the high power gas engines manufactured by Waertsilae NSD Corporation company. The first par recalls the NO{sub x} and CO air pollution regulations worldwide, the German TA-Luft standards and the French 2910 by-law according to the engine type (2 and 4 stroke, dual-fuel, natural gas, LPG, others..) and to the type of pollutants (NO{sub x}, dusts, SO{sub 2}, CO, noise..). The second part presents the Waertsilae NSD Corporation concept of gas-fueled spark ignition engines (Otto cycle, emissions, performances, technology, fuel system, combustion optimization, fuel-air ratio regulation, pollution control equipment) and of the `pure energy` global concept of plants. (J.S.)

  17. Building a Roll-Off Roof Observatory A Complete Guide for Design and Construction

    CERN Document Server

    Hicks, John

    2009-01-01

    Almost every practical astronomer who takes the pursuit to its second level aspires to a fixed, permanent housing for his telescope, permitting its rapid and comfortable use and avoiding hours of setting-up time for each observing session. A roll-off roof observatory is the simplest and by far the most popular observatory design for today’s practical astronomers. Building a Roll-off Roof Observatory will help you decide whether to embark on the venture and will certainly provoke your enthusiasm for the project. The author, both an amateur astronomer and professional landscape architect, answers many of the common questions asked around observatory construction covering the following topics: Site planning, zoning, and by-law requirements common to most states, towns and municipalities Opportunities for locating the observatory Tailoring the observatory for your particular use Tools and structural components required to build it Variations in footing design to suit your soil conditions Variations possible in ...

  18. Comparative study of ceramic tiles produced in the Town of Goytacazes / RJ (Brazil); Estudo comparativo de telhas ceramicas produzidas no municipio de Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Almeida, L.L.P. de; Pacheco, A.T.; Carreiro, R.S; Petrucci, L.J.T., E-mail: lezira@ig.com.br [Fundacao de Apoio a Escola Tecnica (FAETEC), Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ (Brazil). Centro Vocacional Tecnologico - Ceramica

    2011-07-01

    The city of the Campos dos Goytacazes, situated in the region north of the state of Rio de Janeiro, presents characteristics place that it enter the producing greater of blocks and ceramic roofing tiles for the domestic market. This work makes a study enters four manufacturers of ceramic roofing tiles of the city of the Campos dos Goytacazes/RJ, to analysis comparatively its results according to in agreement the characterization submitted to dilatometry, Thermogravimetry, Differential Thermal Analysis and X-ray diffraction for the physical tests the tiles were collected after burning and the tests under Bylaw NBR 15310. The results had indicated a significant variation in the values of water absorption of each manufacturer. The same ones demonstrate that the ceramic roofing tiles of Campos of the Goytacazes present a uniformity in the results, being that it needs technological accompaniment during the manufacture process, to improve its properties and its quality for adequacy to the normative parameters of the ABNT. (author)

  19. 合作金融组织社员投票权制度设计%Institutional Design of Members’ Voting Rights in a Cooperative Financial Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟飞

    2013-01-01

    合作金融组织不仅是一种富有效率的为社会弱势群体提供金融服务的制度安排,而且是一个培养民主精神和民主技巧的宪政载体。而合作金融组织的民主机制集中体现在社员享有的投票权上。社员投票权制度设计主要包括三个方面,即社员享有投票权的数量、行使投票权的机构和方式。现代合作金融组织在坚持一人一票的基础上,为积极参与合作社交易或者作出贡献的社员提供附加表决权。另外,社员大会成为社员行使投票权的首要选择,并可以社员大会分别召开或者引入电子投票作为有益的补充。同时,社员通过代理方式行使投票权应当受到严格的限制。%In combating financial exclusion , cooperative financial societies play a core role with efficient mutual ownership .A society shall be operated democratically for the object of improving the material living conditions of its members as well as increasing their social and political awareness and techniques .It ’ s well known that members ’ voting rights lay the foundation of democratic mechanism .The institutional design of voting rights involves three ele-ments:how many votes a member enjoys , where and how a member exercises his or her vote /votes?Modern coopera-tive financial society laws advocate one-man-one-vote principle .Under special circumstances , the laws or the by-laws may provide for the granting of plural voting rights .Plural voting rights shall only be created for members who further the business matters of the society;the general meeting of whole members is the primary choice for voting , which can be supplemented by the delegates meeting or voting on the internet under limited conditions .Generally , every mem-ber shall exercise his or her vote in person .However , one member shall be permitted to vote by proxy subject to pro-visions in legislations or by-laws.

  20. 24. ATSR congress - Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document brings together the available abstracts and presentations given at the 24. congress of the French association for radiation protection techniques and sciences (ATSR) on the topic of the radiation protection actors, and the change in activity and practices: 1 - the new CIPR general recommendations (J-F. Lecomte); 2 - November 2007 legal changes in the public health law (M. Ammerich); 3 - November 2007 legal changes in the labour law (T. Lahaye, M. Ammerich); 4 - events and culture in radiation protection: 2008 situation at EDF (Y. Garcier, H. Delabre); 5 - TSN (nuclear transparency and safety) law and the new nuclear safety authority (M. Bourguignon); 6 - industrial radiography charter in Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur region (PACA): presentation, participants, works in progress, stakes (S. Mocaer, N. Grolleau); 7 - Dosimetric study of an industrial gamma-graphy workplace (D. Paul, M. Pizzorno); 8 - experience feedback of controls and inspections at a gamma-graphy workplace in PACA region (G. Veyret et N. Grolleau); 9 - experience feedback from the industrialist's viewpoint, respect of the charter, evaluation questionnaire (S. Mocaer, D. Guillet); 10 - new regulation, CAMARI by-law, national monitoring committee (T. Lahaye); 11 - patient's radiation protection in medical imaging service: actions and regulations (G. Dandis, S. Simon); 12 - patients radiation protection principles in medical imaging (H. Leclet, M. Madoux); 13 - the exposure sheet, its implementation challenges in an operating room with image intensifiers (A. Bourdeloie); 14 - building up of a radiation protection control approach for patients in radiotherapy (L. Kueny); 15 - impact of recent advances in scintiscanning on patients and personnel exposure (S. Balduyck); 16 - Dose rates evaluation during scintiscanning for dependent patients (G. Fagot); 17 - dealing with patients dosimetry: from the regulatory obligation to the daily practice of a medical imaging service (J-G. Mozziconacci); 18

  1. 23. ATSR congress - Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document brings together the available presentations given at the 23. congress of the French association for radiation protection techniques and sciences (ATSR): 1 - J-F. Lecomte (CIPR): International commission of radiological protection (ICRP)'s recommendations; 2 - T. Lahaye (DGT): presentation of the 'worker's decree'; 3 - C. Marchal (DGSNR): Nuclear safety authority (ASN) viewpoint: first controllers' experience feedback; 4 - F. Rollinger (IRSN): missions of the IRSN's public expert for workers radiation protection; 5 - J-C. Varin (Areva NC): technical, organisational and managerial aspects of the implementation of new regulatory dispositions about radiation protection technical controls at La Hague facility; 6 - J-J. Radecki (Areva NC): enforcement of the radiological zoning by-law at Areva facilities; 7 - D. Miniere (EDF): implementation of the ALARA approach at EDF's nuclear power plants; 8 - D. Lefer (EAMEA): situation in the army and issues generated by the new decree; 9 - L. Ridel (DGA SPN): waste management aspect in the framework of submarines dismantling; 10 - D. Giordan (CMIR 78): the workers' decree: from practice to intervention; 11 - N. Barrey (CHU Bordeaux): enforcement of the May 2004 by-law and experience feedback; 12 - J-C. Mozziconacci (CH Bourges): zoning, reclassification and implementation of the medical imaging operational dosimetry in a medium size hospital; 13 - J. Bino (AMEST Lille): recommendations and technical instructions for labour doctors; 14 - K. Zarraa (CERAP): decree impact on approved organisations; 15 - D. Morio (COFREND): difficulties encountered with the implementation of radiographical devices; 16 - B. Carrez (Ponts et Chaussees): workplace studies and operational dosimetries: essential tools at public work sites; 17 - G. Imbard (CEA): evolution of workers regulation, adaptation of practices at Marcoule site; 18 - M. Ammerich (CEA): ambiguities and enforcement difficulties of the workers' decree; 19 - H. Mansoux

  2. Using Third-Party Inspectors in Building Energy Codes Enforcement in India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Kumar, Pradeep; Van Wie, Laura; Bhatt, Vatsal

    2013-01-31

    India is experiencing fast income growth and urbanization, and this leads to unprecedented increases in demand for building energy services and resulting energy consumption. In response to rapid growth in building energy use, the Government of India issued the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007, which is consistent with and based on the 2001 Energy Conservation Act. ECBC implementation has been voluntary since its enactment and a few states have started to make progress towards mandatory implementation. Rajasthan is the first state in India to adopt ECBC as a mandatory code. The State adopted ECBC with minor additions on March 28, 2011 through a stakeholder process; it became mandatory in Rajasthan on September 28, 2011. Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh have started to draft an implementation roadmap and build capacity for its implementation. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) plans to encourage more states to adopt ECBC in the near future, including Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, West Bengal, and Delhi. Since its inception, India has applied the code on a voluntary basis, but the Government of India is developing a strategy to mandate compliance. Implementing ECBC requires coordination between the Ministry of Power and the Ministry of Urban Development at the national level as well as interdepartmental coordination at the state level. One challenge is that the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs), the enforcement entities of building by-laws, lack capacity to implement ECBC effectively. For example, ULBs in some states might find the building permitting procedures to be too complex; in other cases, lack of awareness and technical knowledge on ECBC slows down the amendment of local building by-laws as well as ECBC implementation. The intent of this white paper is to share with Indian decision-makers code enforcement approaches: through code officials, third-party inspectors, or a hybrid approach. Given the limited capacity and human

  3. Governance issues, potentials and failures of participative collective action in the Kafue Flats, Zambia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harry Nixon Chabwela

    2010-09-01

    2004 for creating by-laws based on initiatives of local staff of the Department of Fisheries, local interest groups and researchers. A broad local debate on how to manage the fisheries in a sustainable way and develop locally based by-laws for joint management of fisheries gives good potential for success and appears promising for the future of fisheries in Kafue Flats. Despite many difficulties it is an example of local collective action in order to scale up governance of common-pool resources.

  4. Legal protection of victims of domestic violence in Republika Srpska

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marković Ivanka

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Legal protection of victims of domestic violence in Republika Srpska is analyzed in this work. With regard to the above, the author highlights that in Republika Srpska there are two forms of legal protection from domestic violence they fall within the remit of criminal law and misdemeanor law. Introduction of such protection model was intended for the protection of victims from this form of violent behavior, which is, by its characteristics a specific form of criminal behavior and as such demands special measures of lawful reaction by the state. Protection of victims of domestic violence falling within the remit of criminal law, which is very important since it attaches the same gravity to this and the other forms of criminality giving it a certain degree of criminal-political weight, has not produced expected results. For that reason was adopted a special Law on Protection from Domestic Violence defining the notion of domestic violence, persons considered to be a family members, methods of their protection, as well as the kind and purpose of misdemeanor law related norms with emphasizing the fact that all the proceedings initiated under this law are of an urgent nature. The main driving force leading to the adoption of this Law is to obtain a complete and systematic regulation of domestic violence to enable faster, more efficient and durable protection of the endangered persons. The most important thing about this Law on Protection from Domestic Violence is introduction of protective measures, which could be sentenced against the perpetrator and which, in fact, allow for the protection of victims to family violence. Method of its concrete implementation regulated is by the relevant by-laws. Adoption of law sanctioning domestic violence, either as a criminal act or as a misdemeanor, together with the adoption of by-laws for the implementation of particular protective measures, represent a step forward in combat and prevention of domestic

  5. A mission in evolution: the International Society of Nephrology in the past 10 years--2001-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barsoum, Rashad S

    2011-05-01

    The International Society of Nephrology is now 50 years old! It has dedicated the year 2010 to celebrate its Gold Anniversary in many ways, including documentation of its progress during the past decade, following an earlier article addressing the period 1960-2000. The present article describes the changing mission of the Society in the direction of achieving its ultimate vision of "global elimination of kidney disease." While maintaining its leadership in the promotion of science, it became the prime driving force in capacity building for the diagnosis, prevention and management of kidney disease in the developing world. The society has recently modified its directive from addressing only the physicians providing renal care to supporting other health care providers, and sharing in community education on how to avoid kidney disease. This required the acquisition of new skills in publishing, marketing, politics and fund-raising, which could only be handled by professional management, which the Society has utilized since 2003. It also necessitated enlargement of the leadership circle to include members from all over the world, for which reason the constitution had to be amended twice during the past decade, and the bylaws re-written in 2007. The pride that International Society of Nephrology takes from its scientific and outreach achievements is the fuel that drives its machinery to endless horizons in the humanitarian arena.

  6. Youth Concussion Laws across the Nation: Implications for the Traveling Team Physician.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Lauren M; Mitchell, Cory N

    2016-01-01

    There are an estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million sports and recreation-related concussions annually in the United States, with an average annual increase in incidence of 15.5% from 1998 to 2007. From 2009 to 2014, all 50 states enacted youth concussion legislation. This study clarifies core elements common to state concussion legislation and State Interscholastic Athletic Association (SIAA) implementation. A concussion literature, legislative, and SIAA concussion bylaw review was performed for all 50 U.S. states. Mandated concussion education varies in the frequency of certification and method of education. Student athletes and their parents/guardians in a majority of states are required to sign annual educational information sheets. Forty-nine states specifically mandate removal from play. Return-to-play protocols vary with regard to the timeline, content, and health care professional that can provide written clearance. In conclusion, it is important for sports medicine clinicians to stay abreast of current and revised concussion legislation in the jurisdictions in which they provide care. PMID:27172079

  7. A road map for compliance training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On April 6, 1990, the American Petroleum Institute (API) amended its bylaws to incorporate an environmental mission statement and 11 guiding environmental principles. The action renewed and reemphasized the industry's commitment to safe and environmentally sound operations. One of these principles deals specifically with safe plant operations: To operate their plants and facilities, and to handle their raw materials and products in a manner that protects the environment, and the safety and health of their employees and the public. This principle has particular relevance in the area of employee training and information transfer, where assurance of safe and environmentally sound operations start with a properly trained and informed workforce. Similarly, in 1988, the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA) adopted an initiative called Responsible Care reg-sign: A Public Commitment. The initiative commits member companies to improve performance in response to public concerns about the impact of chemicals on health, safety and environmental quality. The implementation of sound training programs will help achieve compliance with both API's and CMAs initiatives. Besides operations and maintenance skills training, however, Federally Mandated Training is an important issue facing the petroleum and chemical industry

  8. The tariffs of use of liquefied natural gas transportation networks and facilities; Les tarifs d'utilisation des reseaux de transport et des installations de gaz naturel liquefie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    The new tariff proposals for the use of natural gas transportation networks were transmitted to the French Ministry of economy, finances and industry on October 27, 2004 by the commission of energy regulation. These proposals have been adopted and are the object of three legislative texts: the decree no. 2005-607 from May 27 2005 relative to the tariffing rules, the by-law from May 27, 2005 relative to the definition of balancing areas, and the advice from May 27, 2005 relative to the tariffs of use of natural gas transportation networks. In application of article 7 of the law from January 3, 2003, the implementation of the first tariffs of use of natural gas transportation networks and of liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities is defined in the decree no. 2004-994 from September 21, 2004. On the main transportation network, the tariffing is of 'input-output' type and does not depend on the distance, while at the regional network scale, the tariffing is linked with the distance. The tariff of use of LNG facilities is the sum of 4 terms: a fixed term applied to each batch unloaded at the methane terminal, a term proportional to the unloaded LNG quantities, a term depending on the duration of use of LNG storage facilities and a term covering the gas consumptions of LNG facilities. This document gathers these different legislative texts with their appendixes. (J.S.)

  9. Measuring LEED–NC applicability in design for hospitality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Marie Cracknell

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Mounting awareness of climate change in recent years has led the construction industry to initiate new approaches toward sustainable building design, yet stakeholders in hospitality development still hesitate to build green. This reluctance is due to perceived high guest expectations of comfort levels and amenity access among these properties. Research was conducted to determine precisely which green building innovations present the most significant barriers to incorporating sustainability into design for hospitality. Average LEED credit implementation rates among 28 existing LEED hotel projects were calculated and compared with average credits employed among common commercial building projects. 15 of those projects’ designers also offered survey opinions on which sustainable innovations were most commonly avoided in their approaches for hospitality. The results indicate that certain credits do experience decreased popularity among hospitality projects, yet guest comfort was not the only barrier identified. Cost of implementation and local applicability affected by climate and local bylaws were also found as major role players in the selection of credits specific to hospitality design. Conclusions are presented according to the data and recommendations made to support further growth and success in future applications of LEED sustainable design in hospitality.

  10. Edificio para la nueva sede social de la empresa nacional de electricidad, S. A. Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Población, Eleuterio

    1986-04-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the design and execution of ENDESA building, in Madrid, is fully described. It is a compound of a twelve-storeyed and a two-storeyed buildings, separated by a garden. Being placed in a central district, a special adaptation to the bylaws was necessary concerning the volume and use conditions. Among its most remarkable characteristics it could be pointed out the subjection to a modular frame, the adequacy of the spaces for the activities that are to be developped in it and the adopted solutions for its closure.En el presente artículo se describe detalladamente el proyecto y ejecución del edificio ENDESA, en Madrid, compuesto por dos edificios de doce alturas uno, y dos el otro, unido por un espacio ajardinado. En céntrica situación ha exigido una especial adaptación a las Ordenanzas Municipales en cuanto a condiciones de volumen y uso. Entre sus características más notables pueden señalarse IQ sujeción a una red modular, la adecuación del espacio a las actividades que en él se desarrollarán y las soluciones adoptadas para su cerramiento.

  11. Analysis of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive and the EIA decision in Turkey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive first entered into force in the United States in 1969, and began to be implemented in many other countries by 1990. The first Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive in Turkey was published on February 7, 1993, under the Environmental Law No. 2872. The EIA Directive was revised seven times on June 23, 1997, June 6, 2002, December 16, 2003, July 17, 2008, October 3, 2013, and November 25, 2014. Several amendments were made during this process. The first EIA Directive dated 1993 was narrow in scope and its procedure was long, while the amendments in 2003, 2008, 2013, and 2014 widened the scope of the EIA, and shortened the EIA assessment procedures. In this study, the amendments to the Turkish EIA Directive were analysed, and their effect on the number of EIA decisions made was addressed. It was concluded that the uncertainties in EIA procedures were removed, procedures were shortened, and as a result, the number of EIA decisions increased thanks to the revisions made in line with harmonisation with European Union (EU) acquis. - Highlights: • Demonstrates the Environmental Impact Assessment practices in Turkey. • Demonstrates the application of the EIA in Turkey by sector. • Demonstrates the amendments of the EIA by-laws in Turkey. • Demonstrates the changes in EIA practices and EIA decisions

  12. Model of contract of purchase of the electric power produced by cogeneration facilities and benefiting from the electricity purchase obligation. Established after enforcement of the article 5 of the decree from May 10, 2001 and approved by the minister attended to energy; Modele de contrat d'achat de l'energie electrique produite par les installations de cogeneration et beneficiant de l'obligation d'achat d'electricite. Etablie en application de l'article 5 du decret du 10 mai 2001 et approuve par le Ministre charge de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This model of contract comprises 3 parts. The first part describes the general conditions of electric power purchase: aim of the contract, connection to the grid and delivery point, producer's facility, reciprocal commitments and stoppages for maintenance purpose, energy and power metering and control, tariffing periods and energy delivery, payment for the purchased power (tariffs, energy efficiency incentives, conditions, controls, tariffs indexing), taxes, payments, contract enforcement, date line, suspension, modification or cancellation, conciliation in case of dispute. A recall of the tariffs mentioned in the by-law from July 31, 2001, of the approximation rules and a model of certificate are given in appendixes. The second part gives some complements to the general conditions (purchaser and producer corporate, characteristics of the facility, details about the connection and delivery point, description of the metering system, tariffs of purchase and indexing, payment of bills, contract characteristics, subscription for a power supply contract). The third part is an additional clause concerning the operation and tariffs of purchase when the cogeneration facility is in a dispatch mode. (J.S.)

  13. El Uso Compartido del Conocimiento en el Contexto de los Emprendimientos Sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edileusa Godói de Sousa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The organizations have been recognizing the importance of dealing with knowledge as a critical way to reach their purposes. With emphasis on the organizational learning development in Solidarity Economy Enterprises (SEE, this study intended to investigate if and how the socially produced knowledge sharing occurs in Brazilian SEE. The research was conducted through a survey in two phases: the first one considered a sample of 378 enterprises, verifying the continuity and the main SEE characteristics, and the second one considered a sample of 32 enterprises analyzing if the produced knowledge is transferred and shared. As a reference for the analysis, we used the study conducted by Souza and Schlemm (2012 on knowledge application in organizational networks. The results showed many challenges to be faced, and the SEE surveyed presented some characteristics in common: the link created with its components is spontaneous; the work they performed, singly, is significant; the prescriptions are minimum and are limited to bylaws based on the legislation; the working rules only follow a legal requirement and are not shared by all the associates, reason why there is no commitment of them to the enterprise.

  14. Thermal analysis of Malaysian double storey housing - low/medium cost unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Normah, M. G.; Lau, K. Y.; Yusoff, S. Mohd.

    2012-06-01

    Almost half of the total energy used today is consumed in buildings. In the tropical climate, air-conditioning a housing unit takes much of the energy bill. Malaysia is no exception. Malaysian double storey terrace housing is popular among developers and buyers. Surveys have shown that housing occupants are much dissatisfied with the thermal comfort and artificial cooling is often sought. The objective of this study is to assess the thermal comfort of the low and medium-cost double storey housing in the area surrounding Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. A simulation program using the Weighting Factor Method calculates the heat transfer interaction, temperature distribution, and PMV level in three types of housing units in relation to the size. Fanger's PMV model based on ISO Standard 7730 is used here because it accounts for all parameters that affect the thermal sensation of a human within its equation. Results showed that both the low and medium-cost housing units studied are out of the comfortable range described by ASHRAE Standard 55 with the units all complied with the local bylaws. In view of the uncertainties in energy supply, future housing units should consider natural ventilation as part of the passive energy management.

  15. Tobacco control policies in hospitals before and after the implementation of a national smoking ban in Catalonia, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puig Montse

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Diverse projects and guidelines to assist hospitals towards the attainment of comprehensive smoke-free policies have been developed. In 2006, Spain government passed a new smoking ban that reinforce tobacco control policies and banned completely smoking in hospitals. This study assesses the progression of tobacco control policies in the Catalan Network of Smoke-free Hospitals before and after a comprehensive national smoking ban. Methods We used the Self-Audit Questionnaire of the European Network for Smoke-free Hospitals to score the compliance of 9 policy standards (global score = 102. We used two cross-sectional surveys to evaluate tobacco control policies before (2005 and after the implementation of a national smoking ban (2007 in 32 hospitals of Catalonia, Spain. We compared the means of the overall score in 2005 and 2007 according to the type of hospital, the number of beds, the prevalence of tobacco consumption, and the number of years as a smoke-free hospital. Results The mean of the implementation score of tobacco control policies was 52.4 (95% CI: 45.4–59.5 in 2005 and 71.6 (95% CI: 67.0–76.2 in 2007 with an increase of 36.7% (p 300 beds (41.1% increase; p Conclusion The national smoking ban appears to increase tobacco control activities in hospitals combined with other non-bylaw initiatives such as the Smoke-free Hospital Network.

  16. Guideline for Technical Quality Assurance (TQA) of ultrasound devices (B-Mode)--version 1.0 (July 2012): EFSUMB Technical Quality Assurance Group--US-TQA/B.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kollmann, C; deKorte, C; Dudley, N J; Gritzmann, N; Martin, K; Evans, D H

    2012-12-01

    The Technical Quality Assurance group was initiated by the EFSUMB Board in 2007 and met firstly in 2008 to discuss and evaluate methods and procedures published for performing technical quality assurance for diagnostic ultrasound devices. It is the aim of this group of experts to advise the EFSUMB Board of effective and efficacious methods for routine use and to make recommendations regarding the technical aspects of EFSUMB by-law 9, parts 11.6. & 11.7. The group's work focused on new developments and related European projects to establish a common guideline. There is a great need of a well established protocol and dedicated processing software for the performance testing of medical ultrasound equipment. The measurements should be user independent as much as physically possible. Only if these goals are achieved in an international (firstly European) context, the optimal quality of ultrasound imaging can be offered and maintained to the medical community. This guideline aims to offer and summarize suitable procedures and evaluation processes to lend support for an optimal Technical Quality Assurance (TQA) scheme. The content of this guideline was presented to the EFSUMB Board of Directors (delegates) and approved by the EFSUMB Executive Board (ExB) at the regular meeting during EUROSON 2012 in Madrid April 2012. PMID:23160776

  17. Design committee makes major headway

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Work of Ontario's Market Design Committee (MDC), charged with recommending the detailed steps to restructuring the electric power industry in Ontario was described. In its short life of only a few weeks, MDC had to create a series of strenuous internal rules in order to accomplish the enormous task of restructuring the industry in the relatively short time set out in the Government's White Paper in February 1998. Most of this article is devoted to describing the nature and functions of the Independent Market Operator (IMO), more commonly referred to as the Independent System Operator or the dispatch and control centre for the electrical system. The IMO will be governed by a board of 15 members consisting of a CEO, end-users, generation providers, marketers and transmission providers. Five independent members will be appointed by the Government from a list suggested by market participants to represent the broad industry and public interest. The IMO will be created as a not-for-profit, statutory corporation using a special act of the Ontario Legislature. Special needs identified by MDC will be drawn mostly from the Ontario Corporation Act, with operating procedures included as by-laws. The Ontario Energy Board (OEB) and the IMO are envisaged as having a relationship somewhat similar to the Ontario Securities Commission's role in overseeing the Toronto Stock Exchange. The involvement of the Independent Power Producers' Society of Ontario (IPPSO) in the work of the MDC is also described

  18. Constructing and Implementing of the Administrating System of Experiment Teaching Center%实验教学中心管理体系的构建与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雪芬; 郭伟良

    2011-01-01

    构建了实验教学中心管理新体系,建立健全了实验教学人员、管理人员、实验经费、仪器设备、实验教学档案、实验项目、实验室开放、环境与安全卫生等各项规章制度,采用信息化辅助管理,确保实验教学中心管理制度得到更好贯彻与执行.使实验教学中心管理科学化、制度化、规范化,为学生提供良好的实验室实践环境,为培养创新型人才奠定了扎实的基础.%A new administrating system was constructed in which the bylaws for managing experiment teacher,laboratory administrator, experiment outlay, instruments, experiment teaching files, experiment items, laboratory opening, environment and security were established and strengthen, and the computers were employed to manage the laboratory to male sure the effects, which make the administrating of experiment teaching center scientifically, institutionally and regularized, offering a good environment for experimental teaching and study,making contribute for training innovational students.

  19. Nuclear power development and public acceptance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The public acceptance aimed at realizing the development of nuclear energy of 49,000,000 kW in 1985 in accordance with the basic policy of the combined energy measures in Japan determined by the cabinet meeting in December 1975 is discussed, and the three principles, namely democracy, independence and disclosures under Article 2 of the Atomic Energy Act, are reviewed. Stronger friction may occur owing to the following characteristics of nuclear power development: it is comprehensive but apt to be sectional, too large scale, very long term, military secrecy, and international relations. In addition, there are the sensibility to radioactivity and illogical refusal in Japan. As to the democracy, the participation of the people to the development of nuclear power has not so far been considered. For example, the holding of public hearings has not been legal obligation, but only a by-law of Atomic Energy Commission. As to the independence, serious troubles have been experienced because of the complete dependence of U.S. techniques. As to the disclosure, the opening to the public of the commercial secrecy attached to the application for the approval of reactor installations is apt to be much disputed. In conclusion, it is believed that there is no other way than the exertion of straight effort under the three principles, so that the formation of public acceptance will be accomplished. (Iwakiri, K.)

  20. [Origins and first steps of the Spanish Society for Neuroscience].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinoso Suárez, Fernando

    2008-01-01

    I recall the background, the environment, the people and the events that led to the birth of the Spanish Society for Neuroscience (SENC) and remember how and why the multidisciplinary Neurobiology teachers at the Medical School of the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid decided to organize the First Meeting of Spanish Neurobiologists in 1979. Our principal aim was to promote Neuroscience research in Spain. For this was necessary: to know each other, support each other and organize and set up a modern and solid framework for training young researchers in Neuroscience. After reporting the results and circumstances of the first two Meetings, in 1980 and 1981, I discuss the impact of the Sixth European Neuroscience Congress held in Torremolinos in 1982 on Neuroscience in our country. The 1983 Meeting of the Spanish Neurobiologists decided to create the Spanish Society for Neuroscience. The effort of the heterogeneous Management Commission, the preparation of the Bylaws, the selection of the first members and the birth of the Society in 1985 are outlined. I continue in describing the components and work of the three first Boards of Directors and events of the corresponding Congresses until the consolidation of SENC in national and international scientific fields. My talk runs through the development of our Society, its growth in membership and quality and our hopes for the future. PMID:18777849

  1. Consortium for oral health-related informatics: improving dental research, education, and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, Paul C; Kalenderian, Elsbeth; White, Joel M; Walji, Muhammad F; Stewart, Denice C L; Kimmes, Nicole; Meng, Thomas R; Willis, George P; DeVries, Ted; Chapman, Robert J

    2010-10-01

    Advances in informatics, particularly the implementation of electronic health records (EHR), in dentistry have facilitated the exchange of information. The majority of dental schools in North America use the same EHR system, providing an unprecedented opportunity to integrate these data into a repository that can be used for oral health education and research. In 2007, fourteen dental schools formed the Consortium for Oral Health-Related Informatics (COHRI). Since its inception, COHRI has established structural and operational processes, governance and bylaws, and a number of work groups organized in two divisions: one focused on research (data standardization, integration, and analysis), and one focused on education (performance evaluations, virtual standardized patients, and objective structured clinical examinations). To date, COHRI (which now includes twenty dental schools) has been successful in developing a data repository, pilot-testing data integration, and sharing EHR enhancements among the group. This consortium has collaborated on standardizing medical and dental histories, developing diagnostic terminology, and promoting the utilization of informatics in dental education. The consortium is in the process of assembling the largest oral health database ever created. This will be an invaluable resource for research and provide a foundation for evidence-based dentistry for years to come. PMID:20930236

  2. Principles on administrative implementation of nuclear safety regulations. Case study of the investigation framework by nuclear regulation authority on the shatter zones at the Tsuruga Power Station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The investigation by experts commissioned by the Nuclear Regulations Authority (NRA) concluded that 'the D-1' shatter zone directly beneath the base mat of the Tsuruga Power Station Unit 2 might be an active fault. According to NRA's interpretation of regulations, an active fault beneath critical facilities alone disables their operations. The administrative procedure of this investigation and conclusion, however, raised three regulatory problems as follows; the deficiency to effectively reflect associated scientific knowledge to evolve, insufficient institutional independence of risk assessment from risk management, and legal difficulty in conducting administrative dispute to enforce administrative remedies. This report, through analyzing these regulatory problems, proposes the following three regulatory reforms in order to alleviate them. (1) Reform internal consultative experts committees appointed by the NRA, which are excercizing decisive influences on administrative disposition while without any statutory basis, into a statutory council or a special purpose committee under the Act for Establishement of Nuclear Regulation Authority. (2) Substantialize institutional separation of risk assessment from risk management in NRA by statutory measures. (3) Make procedures and rules concerning experts' deliberative judgements into administrative bylaws to the extent necessary to secure accountability and self-regulation in the NRA. (author)

  3. Multispectral imaging of aircraft exhaust

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkson, Emily E.; Messinger, David W.

    2016-05-01

    Aircraft pollutants emitted during the landing-takeoff (LTO) cycle have significant effects on the local air quality surrounding airports. There are currently no inexpensive, portable, and unobtrusive sensors to quantify the amount of pollutants emitted from aircraft engines throughout the LTO cycle or to monitor the spatial-temporal extent of the exhaust plume. We seek to thoroughly characterize the unburned hydrocarbon (UHC) emissions from jet engine plumes and to design a portable imaging system to remotely quantify the emitted UHCs and temporally track the distribution of the plume. This paper shows results from the radiometric modeling of a jet engine exhaust plume and describes a prototype long-wave infrared imaging system capable of meeting the above requirements. The plume was modeled with vegetation and sky backgrounds, and filters were selected to maximize the detectivity of the plume. Initial calculations yield a look-up chart, which relates the minimum amount of emitted UHCs required to detect the presence of a plume to the noise-equivalent radiance of a system. Future work will aim to deploy the prototype imaging system at the Greater Rochester International Airport to assess the applicability of the system on a national scale. This project will help monitor the local pollution surrounding airports and allow better-informed decision-making regarding emission caps and pollution bylaws.

  4. THE CAMEL AND THE CONTRAVENTIONAL GALAXY. REFLECTIONS ON THE CODE OF FAULTS IN CORDOBA, ARGENTINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Crisafulli

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article will analyze the police practices enabled by the Misdemeanors Code of Córdoba-Argentina. Most countries have "administrative" laws that authorize the use of state coercion without judicial review or participation. This use of the state coercive power transforms executive state officers and police officers in micro-dictators. Whether it is immigration laws in Central Europe, "vagrancy" laws in Venezuela, "loafers" act in Bolivia, bylaws in USA municipalities or Codes of Conduct in Argentina; almost every western country have or have had misdemeanor legislation that criminalize acts by using ambiguous terms and producing large spaces for administrative arbitrariness. In the province of Cordoba-Argentina, the Misdemeanors penalizes with arrest-day behaviours such as ‘disturbing prostitution,’ ‘refusal to identify,’ ‘prowl,’ among other figures of dubious constitutionality. Moreover, the prosecution for the commission of these offenses is carried directly by the police officers without judicial intervention or participation of a lawyer. Penalties include fines and arrest, although the last sentence is the most widespread application. Thus, from police practices authorized by misdemeanor legislation we will analyze the implications of hyper- misdemeanor-incarceration in control societies. Detentions by the application of the misdemeanors code exceeds five times the number of arrests for the violation of the Criminal Code. Key words: Control Societies, misdemeanour, police.

  5. [Study thoroughly the Marxist theory on population, develop population science in China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, J Y

    1981-04-01

    The Third National Population Science Congress emphasized the production theory of Marxism, the basic difference between China's population control and the old and new Malthusianism, and possible social problems caused by the one child per couple policy. The meeting was well-organized, and the participants were actively involved; it included a keynote speech, group discussions, and seminars by specialists. Most people agreed that population production should be included in the social economy and that both material and population production should together decide the development of the society. Some people believed that Malthus' population theory is antirevolutionary and totally unacceptable. Others thought that there are some positive aspects such as the coordination of population with consumer goods and his population control measures. Many valuable suggestions were made in the meeting concerning population control. This Congress also established a Chinese Population Society, passed the bylaws, and elected members of the board of directors for the Society. Vice-Premier Chen gave an important closing speech about the importance of family planning and population control. PMID:12311031

  6. Re-interpreting R, R and R

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Elizabeth M.

    2015-08-01

    Why are we so much more aware of environmental issues today than was the case 100-150 years ago, when particle-laden smoke belched out of chimneys, modes of travel (both near and distant) were best sellers, and fluorescent lighting made it possible to work all night as well as all day? Are we now paying the price of the Industrial Revolution?Not altogether. Along with the side-effects of all such "improvements" have come two other parallel but crucial developments: (1) technology to control harmful emissions, and (2) increased populations, each demanding - and getting - freedom of choice, as did their recent ancestors.The Environmentalist's Motto, the Three Rs (Re-duce, Re-use, Re-cycle) is perfectly clear: the prime action in all cases is REDUCE. The individual, however, looks to "Them" to make by-laws, or install efficient road lighting and controls just in the the public domain. The individual rarely accepts that the R, R, R message applies also to him or her, and to his or her family. Where then is freedom of choice? We discuss the alternative Three Rs (Rights, Recreations, Responsibilities) of the Individual's Motto, and try to put them in working order. To do that, we discuss the impacts of night-time lighting on parties other than astronomers.

  7. ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INDUSTRY-DRIVEN CONSORTIUM FOCUSED ON IMPROVING THE PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF DOMESTIC STRIPPER WELLS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joel L. Morrison

    2001-06-28

    The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory will establish, promote, and manage a national industry-driven Stripper Well Consortium (SWC) that will be focused on improving the production performance of domestic petroleum and/or natural gas stripper wells. The consortium creates a partnership with the US petroleum and natural gas industries and trade associations, state funding agencies, academia, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This report serves as the first quarterly technical progress report for the SWC. The SWC is in its infancy; however, interest from the petroleum and natural gas industry has grown substantially during this reporting period. As of December 31, 2000, nineteen members have joined the consortium and several other companies have expressed interest. During the last three months, efforts were focused on the development of the necessary infrastructure and membership base to begin the consortium technology development activities. These efforts included: (1) preparing a draft constitution and bylaws, (2) developing draft membership application forms, (3) developing an intellectual property statement, (4) providing overview presentations to trade association meetings, and (5) marketing the consortium individually to potential members. These activities are discussed in further detail in this first quarterly technical progress report.

  8. Analysis of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive and the EIA decision in Turkey

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bilgin, Ayla

    2015-07-15

    The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive first entered into force in the United States in 1969, and began to be implemented in many other countries by 1990. The first Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive in Turkey was published on February 7, 1993, under the Environmental Law No. 2872. The EIA Directive was revised seven times on June 23, 1997, June 6, 2002, December 16, 2003, July 17, 2008, October 3, 2013, and November 25, 2014. Several amendments were made during this process. The first EIA Directive dated 1993 was narrow in scope and its procedure was long, while the amendments in 2003, 2008, 2013, and 2014 widened the scope of the EIA, and shortened the EIA assessment procedures. In this study, the amendments to the Turkish EIA Directive were analysed, and their effect on the number of EIA decisions made was addressed. It was concluded that the uncertainties in EIA procedures were removed, procedures were shortened, and as a result, the number of EIA decisions increased thanks to the revisions made in line with harmonisation with European Union (EU) acquis. - Highlights: • Demonstrates the Environmental Impact Assessment practices in Turkey. • Demonstrates the application of the EIA in Turkey by sector. • Demonstrates the amendments of the EIA by-laws in Turkey. • Demonstrates the changes in EIA practices and EIA decisions.

  9. Building a roll-off roof or dome observatory a complete guide for design and construction

    CERN Document Server

    Hicks, John Stephen

    2016-01-01

    Almost every practical astronomer eventually aspires to have a fixed, permanent observatory for his or her telescope. A roll-off roof or dome observatory is the answer for the most popular home observatory design.  Almost every practical astronomer eventually aspires to have a fixed, permanent observatory for his or her telescope. A roll-off roof or dome observatory is the answer for the most popular home observatory design. Building a Roll-Off or Dome Observatory will help you decide whether to embark on the venture and will certainly increase your enthusiasm for the project. The author, both an amateur astronomer and a professional landscape architect, answers many of the common questions asked about observatory construction, covering the following topics: • Zoning, and by-law requirements common to most states, towns and municipalities • Where to locate the observatory • How to tailor the observatory for your particular needs • Tools and structural components required • Possible variations in de...

  10. A model for strategic leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carver, J

    1989-01-01

    Boards can exercise strategic leadership, but to do so well, they must change their concept of governance. Most of what is traditionally accepted in the boardroom is not conducive to excellence in strategic leadership and, in fact, actually impedes it. First, trustees must be able to escape the clutter that interferes with a continual emphasis on strategic issues. This calls for a far more incisive way to withdraw responsibility from administrative tissues in favor of control by policy. Second, trustees must understand that strategic leadership is a matter of how the board approaches its job, not a mechanical annual tussle with setting long-range goals. Third, trustees must structure their annual plans around updating their long-range intentions--chiefly concerning mission issues and priorities--and restating them in amended ends policies. Finally, trustees must realize that strategic leadership--hence, good governance--is not so much about budgets, personnel practices, construction projects or medical staff bylaws as it is about public policy, purpose, values and the vision that shapes institutional destiny. PMID:10295445

  11. The Provision of the Disabled Facilities in Public Hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talib Yuhainis Abdul

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of Person with Disabilities Act 2008 has become an eye opener towards the provision of disabled facilities in all public buildings especially regarding healthcare accessibility. The aim of this research is to analyse the provision of the disabled facilities provided in a public hospital in Perak, Malaysia. To support the research, it was supporting with two objectives that are to identify the designs and requirements of disabled facilities that need to be fulfilled according to Uniform Building By-Laws (UBBL and other standard regulations and to identify the level of awareness of public on disabled facilities in the public hospital. For the purpose of the research, the observation method has been done towards three (3 selected hospital in Perak and questionnaire survey have been distributed to 96 respondents among the staff and visitors of the hospitals. All the data collected from the questionnaire survey and the checklist using UBBL standard requirement, then analysed using the SPSS V.21. The outcome of the observation indicates that most of the hospitals were provided with the disabled facilities, but there are still some rooms for improvement regarding specifications and the provision itself. In a nutshell, this research helps the management of the hospital together with the public on the importance of the provision of the disabled facilities in public buildings.

  12. [History Of forensic medicine and the coroner system in the town of Bjelovar].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habek, Dubravko

    2013-09-01

    This review analyses historical sources on the development of forensic medicine and the coroner system in the town of Bjelovar over the past two centuries. The development of these two professional fields in the context of public health was regulated through a number of bylaws, such as Normativum Sanitatum from the time of the Habsburg Monarchy. Coroner examinations were performed by physicians, surgeons, and laymen using special instructions such as the famous booklet by nobleman and county medical officer Vilim Peičić from 1914. Forensic autopsy was performed by surgeons, primary or secondary hospital physicians in case of sudden or suspicious in-hospital deaths, whereas outpatient forensic autopsies were performed by county or town medical officers and district physicians at the request of investigating authorities (police, court, or general attorney's office). This historical review should serve as the basis for further historical research into this field in Croatia so as to obtain deeper insight into the development of forensic medicine and the coroner system, two professions that have always been a vital factor in public health.

  13. The tariffs of use of liquefied natural gas transportation networks and facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The new tariff proposals for the use of natural gas transportation networks were transmitted to the French Ministry of economy, finances and industry on October 27, 2004 by the commission of energy regulation. These proposals have been adopted and are the object of three legislative texts: the decree no. 2005-607 from May 27 2005 relative to the tariffing rules, the by-law from May 27, 2005 relative to the definition of balancing areas, and the advice from May 27, 2005 relative to the tariffs of use of natural gas transportation networks. In application of article 7 of the law from January 3, 2003, the implementation of the first tariffs of use of natural gas transportation networks and of liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities is defined in the decree no. 2004-994 from September 21, 2004. On the main transportation network, the tariffing is of 'input-output' type and does not depend on the distance, while at the regional network scale, the tariffing is linked with the distance. The tariff of use of LNG facilities is the sum of 4 terms: a fixed term applied to each batch unloaded at the methane terminal, a term proportional to the unloaded LNG quantities, a term depending on the duration of use of LNG storage facilities and a term covering the gas consumptions of LNG facilities. This document gathers these different legislative texts with their appendixes. (J.S.)

  14. SOCIAL AND-ECONOMIC RELEVANCE OF LENDING MONEY TO SMALL FORMATS OF ENTERPRISE IN FARMING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina Nikolaevna BARSUKOVA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper examined the story of Russian practices of lending money to farmers, first lending entities and the bylaws of their operation. The part taken by first Russian banks has been determined within the framework of an established turnover of agricultural land plots, the data has been cited on distribution of farm holding entities in Krasnodar region by incorporation and legal status, from 1996 to 2014, and land distribution by ownership as well, as on Jan.1st, 2013. The study explored the money lent behavior for the farm enterprises of the Krasnodar Re-gion for 2012-2013. The author examined the procedures of lending on a collateral against land plot and deter-mined relevance of lending for small farming enterprises of various business forms of incorporation, and the chal-lenges the businesses faced in drawing up loans. The study cited the reckoning of the lending rates up to the data submitted by JVC Ross Selkhoz Bank. The author suggested measures for rationalizing the lending proce-dure.

  15. The Official Real Estate Appraisal in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph JOCHEIM-WIRTZ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Real Estate Appraisal in Germany is regulated by the articles 192-199 of the German Construction Law. Technical guidelines, including the appraisal methods, are defined in bylaws. For the purpose of official real estate appraisal, Expert Appraisal Committees were founded in counties and large cities. The Committees are comprised of real estate experts doing a honorary service, coming from such professions as land surveying engineers, architects, civil engineers, Tax Office employees, experts from the banking sector, agronomists and real estate agents. The chairman of the Committee is also the director of the Cadastral Office and/or the Surveying Office. Every Committee has its own office within the Cadastral Office or the Surveying Office. The main task of the Committees is to establish and guarantee the transparency of the real estate market, by means of the publication of approximate plot value maps on the Internet as well as the publication of the reports on the real estate market. Apart from that, the Expert Appraisal Committees provide reports on the market value of real estate objects, available upon request. Reports on the market value of real estate objects are also made by publicly appointed and sworn experts. Based on the steady rise in the requests for superregional information about the real estate market in the recent years, the working group comprised of the representatives from the Expert Appraisal Committees from the whole country published its first report on the real estate market in Germany in 2008, and the second one in 2011.

  16. Planning and programing a quality assurance system in the National Institute of Nuclear Research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quality assurance systems implanted in the National Institute of Nuclear Research toward the latest of 70's, was derived in two main emptying the first one is dedicated to verify the system implantation in several studies, projects, services and areas of the Institute through the application of inspection, vigilance and auditories. The second one is referred the present paper which is the representative to watch the document completion of the diverse distinguished requisites in the codes, by-laws, standards, specifications and other applicable standing documents as national as internationals. In the NINR is started the Quality Assurance Systems implantation, through of its 'Quality Assurance Plan' which to determine the Quality Institutional policies and the general nature requisites which must be executed in every study, project or area subjected to the Institutional Quality Assurance Systems. From this plan are derived the 'Quality Assurance Programs', in which are indicated the specific requisites in according to the activity type to development. Later is started the documentation preparation which is previous to activities developing which is verified by Quality Assurance with the object to check between other aspects, its foundation and convenience with respect to the applicable standing standards; just as the competence, brightness, legibility, homogeneity and formality of each document. (Author)

  17. The IMO Technical Panel, its role and its stakeholdering process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some insight is provided for IPPSO members into the IMO Technical Panel (TP), its scope, modus operandi, and stakeholdering process. The TP is one of 3 panels recommended by the MDC and defined in the IMP bylaws. Its role is to consider rule changes and make recommendations to the IMO board. The aims of the Technical Panel are listed. The priority issues with significant direct impact on generators are: import and export transmission, including access to the inter-ties, and the Financial Transmission Rights associated with inter-ties, procedures governing new investment in transmission, participation and prudential requirements, and residual risk location, facility aggregation rules, local market power migration, must-run contracts; principles and forms of agreement, penalties for non-compliance with rules, and transitional provisions around market opening. The excluded major market design principles to be resolved by others are covered, as well as how it is decided what issues need attention. The TP does its work by: work planning, policy consultation, rule guidance and direction requests, and proposed rule amendments. Further points are listed concerning: how the TP secures stakeholder input, how the IPPSO stakeholder consultation process works, import and export transmission issues, and accreditation and prudential requirements

  18. Youth Concussion Laws across the Nation: Implications for the Traveling Team Physician.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Lauren M; Mitchell, Cory N

    2016-01-01

    There are an estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million sports and recreation-related concussions annually in the United States, with an average annual increase in incidence of 15.5% from 1998 to 2007. From 2009 to 2014, all 50 states enacted youth concussion legislation. This study clarifies core elements common to state concussion legislation and State Interscholastic Athletic Association (SIAA) implementation. A concussion literature, legislative, and SIAA concussion bylaw review was performed for all 50 U.S. states. Mandated concussion education varies in the frequency of certification and method of education. Student athletes and their parents/guardians in a majority of states are required to sign annual educational information sheets. Forty-nine states specifically mandate removal from play. Return-to-play protocols vary with regard to the timeline, content, and health care professional that can provide written clearance. In conclusion, it is important for sports medicine clinicians to stay abreast of current and revised concussion legislation in the jurisdictions in which they provide care.

  19. ANDRA, 2006 activity report; ANDRA, Rapport d'activite 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    The French national agency of radioactive waste management (ANDRA) was marked in 2006 by two outstanding events: the publication of the national inventory of radioactive wastes and valorisable materials, and the vote of the law from June 28, 2006 relative to the sustainable management of radioactive wastes and materials. This road-map law has an impact on ANDRA's activities for the coming years. This activity report presents several 2006 highlights of ANDRA's missions as well: the public service mission, the by-law about the effluents of the Aube plant for the storage of low-medium activity wastes, the building of the first 'double-cell' at the very-low activity waste storage plant of Aube, the research studies about the project of deep underground disposal of high-medium activity, long-living wastes, and the public information about ANDRA's technical and scientific know-how. The management and financial reports are attached in appendix. (J.S.)

  20. Estatutos Sindicales, la Fuente Olvidada: El caso de las estructuras sindicales de empleados de comercio Union Statutes, the forgotten source: The case of the structures of trade union employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Abal Medina

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Los estatutos sindicales, junto a la Ley de Asociaciones Sindicales, definen las dinámicas de funcionamiento y los métodos de participación y decisión al interior de las estructuras sindicales. Son piezas fundamentales de la organización interna. En el presente trabajo se analizan las sucesivas reformas registradas por los estatutos correspondientes al Sindicato de Empleados de Comercio de Lanús Y Avellaneda con el objeto de definir los rasgos principales de la estructura sindical de la región y sus relaciones con la federación.The union statutes, together with the Trade Unions Act, define the dynamics of functioning and the methods of participation and decision to the interior of the union structures. They are fundamental pieces of the internal organization. In the present work there are analyzed the successive reforms registered by the bylaws corresponding to the Union of Employees of Trade of Lanús And Avellaneda in order to define the principal features of the union structure of the region and his relations with the federation.

  1. Coming to consensus on policy to create supportive built environments and community design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raine, Kim D; Muhajarine, Nazeem; Spence, John C; Neary, Neil E; Nykiforuk, Candace I J

    2012-01-01

    In April 2011, a conference with invited experts from research, policy and practice was held to build consensus around policy levers to address environmental determinants of obesity. The gap between existing policy tools and what can promote health through community design is a major policy opportunity. This commentary represents a consensus of next actions towards creating built environments that support healthy active living. The policy environment and Canadian evidence are reviewed. Issues and challenges to policy change are discussed. Recommendations to create supportive built environments that encourage healthy active living in communities include the following: 1) empower planning authorities to change bylaws that impede healthy active living, protect and increase access to green space, introduce zoning to increase high density, mixed land use, and influence the location and distribution of food stores; 2) establish stable funding for infrastructure promoting active transportation and opportunities for recreation; 3) evaluate the effectiveness of programs to improve the built environment so that successful interventions can be identified and disseminated; 4) mandate health impact assessment of planning, development and transportation policies to ensure that legislative changes promote health and safety; 5) frame issues to dispel myths and to promote protection from obesity risk factors.

  2. Proceedings of CanWEA's 21. annual conference and trade show 2005. On-line Ed.

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wind energy presents significant potential in the Canadian energy mix. The Canadian Wind Energy Association has established a national wind target of 10,000 MW of wind power capacity by 2010. The focus of this conference was on federal wind policy, as well as issues concerning research and development and interconnection with electrical grids. Small wind policy developments with details of bylaws and funding scenarios were also examined, as well as various provincial policies and initiatives. Other topics of discussion included energy capture; technical challenges in remote communities; wind and First Nations communities; dynamic analyses of various wind-hydro systems; wind energy as a social development tool; wind energy and the development of a greenhouse gas offset systems; environmental assessment guidance with reference to birds; and wind energy and industrial development. In addition, new wind power technologies were examined. Various provincial policy updates were presented. Issues concerning wind forecasting and the modelling of climatological reference data were discussed. Marketing strategies for wind power producers were presented. Canadian grid interconnection standards were reviewed and issues concerning education and training were examined in relation to the industry's projected growth. Various international policies and strategies were reviewed. Insurance and risk assessment strategies in the wind power industry were examined. Ninety-four presentations were given at this conference, of which 23 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database

  3. The Anatomische Gesellschaft and National Socialism - A preliminary analysis based on the society proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkelmann, Andreas

    2012-06-01

    The Anatomische Gesellschaft (AG) is an international society for the anatomical sciences and at the same time the main organising body for German anatomists. This study analyses how the AG went through the years of National Socialism. As the society does not possess archival material from that time, the analysis is mainly based on the society proceedings (Verhandlungen der Anatomischen Gesellschaft) published annually after each meeting from 1934 to 1939 and again in 1950. During the period of National Socialism, the AG kept its international status against demands to make it a purely German society. It did not introduce anti-Jewish regulations or the Führer principle into its bylaws. The membership directories reveal that it was at least possible for members whose career was disrupted by Nazi policies to remain on the membership lists throughout the Nazi period. However, in contrast to later assumptions that no persecuted member of the AG was ever struck from its register, 17 of 57 persecuted members left the society between 1933 and 1939. The membership of six of these members was cancelled, officially for unpaid fees. However, other members with much longer arrears were not cancelled. To date, no additional historical information is available to assess the circumstances of these cancellations. In general, it remains remarkable that, in contrast to many other societies, the AG did not follow the path of preemptive obedience towards the new rulers. More archival sources need to be uncovered to elucidate the external influences and internal negotiations behind the published documents.

  4. Proceedings of the American Psychological Association for the legislative year 2012: minutes of the annual meeting of the Council of Representatives, February 24-26, 2012, Washington, DC, and August 2 and 5, 2012, Orlando, Florida, and minutes of the February, June, August, October, and December 2012 meetings of the Board of Directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anton, Barry S

    2013-01-01

    These minutes are the official record of the actions of the Association taken during the year by both the Board of Directors (the Board) and the Council of Representatives (Council). The roll of representatives was called at each Council meeting, and more than a quorum answered to their names. Reference is made in these minutes to various reports, some of which will be published elsewhere. Copies of these reports were distributed to Council and are on file in the Central Office. As long as the supply lasts, extra copies of many of the reports are available from the Central Office. These minutes are arranged in topical rather than chronological order, and subheadings are used when appropriate. The main topical headings are I. Minutes of Meetings; II. Elections, Awards, Membership, and Human Resources; III. Ethics; IV. Board of Directors; V. Divisions and State, Provincial, and Territorial Associations; VI. Organization of the APA; VII. Publications and Communications; VIII. Convention Affairs; IX. Educational Affairs; X. Professional Affairs; XI. Scientific Affairs; XII. Public Interest; XIII. Ethnic Minority Affairs; XIV. International Affairs; XV. Central Office; and XVI. Financial Affairs. Changes to the language of the American Psychological Association (APA) Bylaws, Association Rules, or motions of the items are noted as follows throughout these proceedings: Bracketed material is to be deleted; underlined material is to be added.

  5. Deflection of resilient materials for reduction of floor impact sound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jung-Yoon; Kim, Jong-Mun

    2014-01-01

    Recently, many residents living in apartment buildings in Korea have been bothered by noise coming from the houses above. In order to reduce noise pollution, communities are increasingly imposing bylaws, including the limitation of floor impact sound, minimum thickness of floors, and floor soundproofing solutions. This research effort focused specifically on the deflection of resilient materials in the floor sound insulation systems of apartment houses. The experimental program involved conducting twenty-seven material tests and ten sound insulation floating concrete floor specimens. Two main parameters were considered in the experimental investigation: the seven types of resilient materials and the location of the loading point. The structural behavior of sound insulation floor floating was predicted using the Winkler method. The experimental and analytical results indicated that the cracking strength of the floating concrete floor significantly increased with increasing the tangent modulus of resilient material. The deflection of the floating concrete floor loaded at the side of the specimen was much greater than that of the floating concrete floor loaded at the center of the specimen. The Winkler model considering the effect of modulus of resilient materials was able to accurately predict the cracking strength of the floating concrete floor.

  6. Embryo Donation in Iranian Legal System: A Critical Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behjati-Ardakani, Zohreh; Karoubi, Mohammad Taghi; Milanifar, Alireza; Masrouri, Roudabeh; Akhondi, Mohammad Mehdi

    2015-01-01

    Recent developments and newly-discovered methods for infertility treatment including in vitro fertilization and third party reproduction raise many questions and challenges with different ethical, legal, sociological and psychological dimensions. In Islamic countries, despite great developments in using this technology, the questions concerned with recognition of IVF methods and third party reproduction and legalization of this method are still the challenging ones. The approach of a few Shiite clerics to this issue has facilitated the legalisation of infertility treatment in Iran. The Iranian Parliament, with reference to Shiite clerics' opinions (Fatwa), enacted the Act concerning Embryo Donation to Infertile Couples and its bylaw which can be considered as a successful example of legalization of third party reproduction in an Islamic country. The aforementioned Act permits embryo donation through artificial insemination from legally married couples to infertile couples. However, many of the legal aspects of this event are not specified in this Act and in many cases it added several uncertainties. This uncertainty, especially regarding the rights and duties of recipients and the child, causes important problems which generate more concerns. This article aimed to review the advantages and flaws of the Act. It is believed that the enactment of the aforementioned Act is an important step but an insufficient measure in this field. Important issues have been left unanswered and unclear in this Act which should be considered by legislators in any future revision of it.

  7. Determination of details of regulations concerning transportation of radioisotopes by vehicles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The determination is defined under the regulation concerning transportation of radioactive materials by vehicles. Permissible surface density shall be 1/100,000 micro-curie per centi-meter2 for radioisotopes emitting alpha rays and 1/10,000 micro-curie per centi-meter2 for radioisotopes not emitting alpha rays. Radioisotope loads are classified to types of L, A, BM and BU. Quantity of radioactivity or radioisotope is stipulated for each type of loads respectively with tables attached. Radioactivity quantity of solid L load is 1/1,000 of Al value in the appendix table. For tritium water of fluid L load radioactivity quantity is 1,000 curie, 100 curie and 1 curie respectively according to the water radioactivity per litre of less than 0.1 curie, less than 1 curie and more than 0.1 curie, and more than 1 curie. Conditions concerning A, BM and BU loads are provided for in detail in the bylaw annexed. Quantity of leaking specified for BM load is 1/1,000,000 of A2 value and in other particular cases A2 value, etc. Leaking quantity for BU load is 1/1,000 of A2 value. Radioactive concentration of radioisotopes to be transferred not as radioactive goods is 1/10,000 of A2 value per gram. (Okada, K.)

  8. Proliferation of gynaecological scientific societies and their financial transparency: an Italian survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vercellini, Paolo; Viganò, Paola; Frattaruolo, Maria Pina; Somigliana, Edgardo

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To determine the number of Italian obstetrical and gynaecological societies, and to ascertain their financial transparency. Design Internet-based national survey and website content analysis. Participants Currently active, not privately owned, non-religious, apolitical, obstetrical and gynaecological associations. Methods From October 2014 to June 2015, scientific societies were identified using combinations of search terms, and examining the website of the two main Italian obstetrical and gynaecological organisations. Individual societies’ websites were scrutinised by two independent investigators. Primary and secondary outcome measures Number of Italian obstetrical and gynaecological associations and its variation over time; 12 information categories defining the general characteristics of the societies and their websites, and the financial transparency of the associations. Results The initial web search yielded 56 professional obstetrical and gynaecological associations but nine were excluded for various reasons. Of the remaining 47 professional associations, 17 covered both obstetrics and gynaecology, four were specialised in obstetrics, 26 in gynaecology and 46 provided continuing medical education (CME) activities. The number of societies has quadrupled in the last 35 years, increasing at a mean rate of one additional society per year. The headquarters of the associations were located in the offices of a professional congress organiser in 15 instances, and advertisements or links to industry products were present in 12 societies’ websites. Bylaws were accessible in 32 websites. No information was publicly available regarding competing interests, financial statements and quantitative external funding. Conclusions The number of obstetrical and gynaecological societies is remarkably high in Italy, particularly in the gynaecological area. Despite CME activity provision, transparency of societies regarding financial issues and competing interests

  9. CEP action area studies : City of Yellowknife fleet review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The City of Yellowknife maintains a fleet of vehicles and equipment used for public service. Yellowknife's Community Energy Plan (CEP) has a goal to reduce Yellowknife's fleet fuel consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20 per cent within 10 years. This report examined current fuel consumption for the City of Yellowknife's fleet based on available data and examined options to reduce fleet fuel consumption. It also quantified the reduction in fuel consumption, GHG emissions, as well as the financial impacts of various options. An overview of the City of Yellowknife's fleet of vehicles and equipment was first provided, as well as calculated annual values for fuel consumption, GHG emissions, and energy consumption for the City of Yellowknife's fleet. Two fleet management case studies were presented. Fuel-efficient vehicles on the market that could provide an opportunity to replace some of the City of Yellowknife's fleet of light vehicles, and bylaw vehicles with fuel-efficient vehicles were discussed. These vehicles include hybrid vehicles, smart cars, compressed natural gas vehicles, and compressed-air vehicles. Equipment maintenance for tires, preventive, synthetic oils, and driver training programs were discussed. Anti-idling campaigns and technologies were also examined. The report concluded with a discussion of renewable fuels such as biodiesel and ethanol blended gasoline. Fleet fuel consumption, GHG and financial impacts were provided for each chapter heading. It was concluded that if all of the measures identified in the report were implemented, an overall decrease in GHG emissions of approximately 15 per cent would be achieved. 15 refs., 8 tabs., 8 figs

  10. The Anatomische Gesellschaft and National Socialism: an analysis based on newly available archival material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkelmann, Andreas

    2015-09-01

    The newly available scientific estate of Heinrich von Eggeling (1869-1954), long-time secretary of the Anatomische Gesellschaft (AG), allows a more profound analysis of how this scientific association went through the period of the "Third Reich". At the first meeting under the new rulers in 1934, von Eggeling and Siegfried Mollier prevented their board colleague Martin Heidenhain from giving an introductory talk because they (not unjustly) feared anti-Jewish protests, but also because many anatomy professors, like other German scholars, were fervent nationalists who welcomed Hitler and largely accepted the expulsion of Jewish and other colleagues as 'inevitable' for national renewal. Many persecuted members nevertheless remained on the membership lists and the AG never officially introduced anti-Jewish bylaws. Eggeling and his like-minded colleagues successfully defended the international status of the AG, though not so much against the Nazi authorities but against a younger generation of anatomists who were willing to benefit from the new political situation and strived for their own German anatomical association. The available archival material suggests that the motivation of the established leading members of the AG to take this specific path was not rooted in opposition to the new rulers but rather in defence of their traditional status of reputed professors running a time-honoured, world leading society. This made international reputation an important guideline for many decisions. While they did ward off attempts by the younger generation to politicise the AG, their post-war calls for an apolitical science remain ambivalent, as their own stance had not always been apolitical.

  11. Juan Comas's summary history of the American association of physical anthropologists (1928-1968).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfonso, Marta P; Little, Michael A

    2005-01-01

    This translation of Juan Comas's Summary History of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists was originally published in Spanish by the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, in 1969 (Departamento de Investigaciones Antropológicas, Publication 22). Physical anthropologists from North America and members of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists owe Juan Comas a debt of gratitude for having labored to produce this Summary History of the AAPA. There is much useful and interesting material in this document: extensive endnotes that are helpful to the historian of the profession; an appendix of the Journal issues where the proceedings of annual meetings can be found; a detailed listing of contributors of papers to annual meetings from 1930-1968; a warm acknowledgment and history of the contributions of the Wenner-Gren Foundation to biological anthropology; a history of the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology; and comments on the short-lived PA Newsletter. In addition, there are appendices with the founding AAPA Constitution and By-Laws from 1930 and as they existed in 1968. All of this synoptic information saves the reader with interests in the history of the AAPA considerable effort, especially when few university and college libraries have the full (old and new) series of the AJPA on their shelves. We have tried to provide a translation of Comas's history that is faithful to the original Spanish-language publication. In a few cases, we shortened sentences and applied a slightly more modern usage than was popular in the late 1960s.

  12. Biomonitoring in occupational health: Scientific, socio-ethical, and regulatory issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biomonitoring is one of the best available tools for the prevention of deleterious effects resulting from occupational exposure to chemicals. The availability of analytical techniques having low detection limits allows for the measurement of numerous biomarkers. Complemented with quality control programs, our ability to collect validated information on exposure to toxicants improves. This is important as exposure doses tend to decrease in workplaces. Concurrently, there is an increasing preoccupation towards skin exposure, which cannot currently be reliably assessed through external measurements. Furthermore, as lower exposure doses are encountered, background concentrations of some biomarkers become a serious limitation to their use. This prompts researchers to seek for minor, more specific metabolites, that may however be produced through metabolic pathways that are prone to larger inter-individual variations. Assessment of exposure to complex mixtures of chemicals is another major challenge. There is a growing interest towards ethical issues in biomonitoring. The understanding of the advantages and of the limits of this preventive approach may be very different among occupational health professionals, but more importantly, between health professionals and those they are seeking to protect, i.e., the workers themselves. Many organizations have proposed guideline values for biomarker concentrations, but these seldom find their way in the various countries' bylaws. One underlying reason might be the greater complexity of the scientific aspects of biomarkers, whose understanding is required to set limit values, compared to the process of setting airborne limit concentrations. But the fact that the latter does not consider all aspects of biological complexity does not make it more reliable

  13. Toronto smog report card 2003 : final grade C -

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-10-01

    An annual Smog Report Card for Toronto has been published annually by the Toronto Environmental Alliance since 1997, evaluating the progress made by the City toward reducing the environmental and health impacts of smog. The final grade for the City in 2003 was a C -, an improvement over last year's D +. The evaluation examined the performance on 33 initiatives in six major areas: leadership, transit, electricity, fleets and fuels, bikes and pedestrians, and public education. Issues that stood out were: a $30 million increase in funding to the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), and the release of the TTC's Ridership Growth Strategy depicting how transit ridership can be increased through improved service and lower fares. The drive-through and pesticide by-laws were passed by Council, which should result in smog reduction from unnecessary activities. Leadership was found to be lacking at City Hall in the area of clean air, in view of its decision to proceed with the expansion of Island Airport. The decision to move forward on only 20 per cent of planned green power and energy efficiency measures was a low point in 2002. The City's budget process, which effectively screened out most environmental initiatives was in part responsible for the lack of progress. The following grades were awarded: transit and trip reduction (B), energy efficiency and green power received (D), fleets and fuels (C), bikes and pedestrians (C), public education (B). Recommendations for next year included: implementation of the TTC's Ridership Growth Strategy; creation of a Smog Plan Implementation Fund of $20 million per year to invest in energy efficiency, green fleets, green power and other related measures; and stop the expansion of Island Airport.

  14. 美军合同商保障法规综述%Summary of the US Army Contractor Support Statute

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡丽影; 贾希胜; 王亚彬; 滕红智

    2011-01-01

    The US army contractor support statute system can be divided into three levels: relative laws passed by Congress; rule of law enacted by President, administration institution, DOD and every army of services; bylaw stipulated by every department or bureau of government, headquarters of the army/navy/air force. On the basis of the analysis of the concrete statutes of the three levels,the main characteristics are concluded as: comprehensive content and concrete regulation; pay attention to core capability; update in time, continue more perfect. And the research gives us three inspires: contractor support is an important supplement to our army; statute system is ultimate guarantee to implementing contractor support; and army is the main body to bring contractor support into effect.%美军合同商保障法规可分为:国会通过的有关法律;总统和行政机构、国防部和各军兵种颁布的法规;政府各部、局以及三军总部制订的规章制度3个层次.通过对美军合同商法规3个层次具体法规内容的分析,将美军合同商保障法规的重要特点总结为:内容全面、规定具体;及时更新、不断完善;注重军队核心能力的维持.并由此得出对实施我军合同商保障的3点启示:合同商是军队建制保障的重要补充;法规制度是实施合同商保障的根本保证;军队是实施合同商保障的主体.

  15. Toronto smog report card 2003 : final grade C -

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An annual Smog Report Card for Toronto has been published annually by the Toronto Environmental Alliance since 1997, evaluating the progress made by the City toward reducing the environmental and health impacts of smog. The final grade for the City in 2003 was a C -, an improvement over last year's D +. The evaluation examined the performance on 33 initiatives in six major areas: leadership, transit, electricity, fleets and fuels, bikes and pedestrians, and public education. Issues that stood out were: a $30 million increase in funding to the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), and the release of the TTC's Ridership Growth Strategy depicting how transit ridership can be increased through improved service and lower fares. The drive-through and pesticide by-laws were passed by Council, which should result in smog reduction from unnecessary activities. Leadership was found to be lacking at City Hall in the area of clean air, in view of its decision to proceed with the expansion of Island Airport. The decision to move forward on only 20 per cent of planned green power and energy efficiency measures was a low point in 2002. The City's budget process, which effectively screened out most environmental initiatives was in part responsible for the lack of progress. The following grades were awarded: transit and trip reduction (B), energy efficiency and green power received (D), fleets and fuels (C), bikes and pedestrians (C), public education (B). Recommendations for next year included: implementation of the TTC's Ridership Growth Strategy; creation of a Smog Plan Implementation Fund of $20 million per year to invest in energy efficiency, green fleets, green power and other related measures; and stop the expansion of Island Airport

  16. Loomakaitse ja inimeste suhtumine loomadesse 1930. aastate Eestis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loone Ots

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The first animal protection societies in the Baltic provinces of the Tsarist Russian Empire were established in the 1860s. Members were mostly Baltic Germans. Data on the first indigenous Estonian society dates from the 1890s. In the 1930s, the population of Estonia was 1,061,000 and the number of domestic animals was 2,516,500. Animals were protected by § 276 of the Criminal Code (`the ungrounded torturing of animals is punishable' and national law regulated hunting, slaughter and transport to slaughter-houses. Two counties and eleven towns established animal protection by-laws at local authority level. In 1935, 22 animal protection societies were active in Estonia, with 4,500 adult members, and many young members; 18 societies belonged to the Estonian Union of Animal Protection Societies, founded in 1929. In 1935, the Union started to publish a periodical (planned as bi-monthly `The Estonian Animal Protector'. Most people had lived in towns for less than one generation, so attitudes were similar to those in the country. There were some differences to the countryside. Firstly, town animals were gratuitously tortured without reason and secondly, town people were more contemptuous of animals. Direct violence, such as the cutting out of a tongue of a cat, was also recorded in towns, but not in the countryside. This apparent difference of behaviour may be as a result of a lack of information about the situation of pets in the country. In conclusion, in the 1930s, animal protection was respected and successful in Estonia, and animal protection societies' members had strong support from local authorities.

  17. Smoking close to others and butt littering at bus stops: pilot observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nick Wilson

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Background. Transportation settings such as bus stops and train station platforms are increasingly the target for new smokefree legislation. Relevant issues include secondhand smoke exposure, nuisance, litter, fire risks and the normalization of smoking. We therefore aimed to pilot study aspects of smoking behavior and butt disposal at bus stops. Methods. Systematic observation of smoking and butt disposal by smokers at bus stops. The selection of 11 sites was a mix of convenience and purposeful (bus stops on main routes in two New Zealand cities. Results. During 27 h of observation, a total of 112 lit cigarettes were observed being smoked. Smoking occurred in the presence of: just adults (46%, both young people and adults (44%, just young people (6% and alone (5%. An average of 6.3 adults and 3.8 young people were present at the bus stops while smoking occurred, at average minimum distances of 1.7 and 2.2 m respectively. In bus stops that included an enclosed shelter, 33% of the cigarettes were smoked inside the shelter with others present. Littering was the major form of cigarette disposal with 84% of cigarettes smoked being littered (95% CI; 77%–90%. Also, 4% of disposals were into vegetation, which may pose a fire risk. Conclusions. This pilot study is limited by its small size and various methodological aspects but it appears to be a first attempt to provide observational evidence around smoking at bus stops. The issues described could be considered by policy makers who are investigating national smokefree laws or by-laws covering transportation settings.

  18. Los Orígenes de la Jurisdicción Arbitral en el Derecho de Aguas Chileno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Mauricio Obando Camino

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata acerca de los orígenes de la jurisdicción arbitral en el derecho de aguas chileno. El autor sostiene que el origen de esta jurisdicción se remonta a los estatutos de la Sociedad del Canal de Maipo, dictados entre 1827 y 1831. Ella fue confirmada por la Excma. Corte Suprema en la causa «Donato Millán con Sociedad del Canal de Maipo», de 1888. El legislador se inspiró en los estatutos de dicha sociedad para dictar la L. N° 2139, de 1908, sobre Asociaciones de Canalistas, la que fue elaborada por el abogado de aquélla, don Carlos Aldunate Solar. La Excma. Corte Suprema dio su fisonomía definitiva a esa jurisdicción en la causa «Marx y otro con Asociación de Canalistas del Río Huasco», de 1945, en la que declaró que el directorio de una asociación de canalistas no podía conocer de juicios declarativos de derechos de agua.This article deals about the origins of arbitral jurisdiction in the Chilean water law. The author maintains that the origins of this jurisdiction go back to the by-laws of the Maipo Channel Society, enacted from 1827 through 1831. The judiciary confirmed this jurisdiction in the 1888 case "Donato Millán vs. Maipo Channel Society". The legislature took the Maipo Channel Society as a model to pass the 1908 Act N° 2139, on Water Channels Owners Associations, drafted by Mr. Carlos Aldunate Solar, the counselor of the society. The Chilean Supreme Court gave its definite meaning to that jurisdiction in the 1945 case "Marx and another vs. Water Channel Association of the Huasco River" wherein it stated that the association board could not adjudicate on the existence of water law rights.

  19. Proceedings of CanWEA's 2006 small wind conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    Small wind energy systems are typically comprised of a single wind turbine for on-site power generation of between 300 watts to 100 kW. They are suited for use in remote locations, as well as on farms or for on-grid residential applications. Small wind customers are concerned about environmental issues as well as the reliability of the electric power grid. Recent increases in electricity prices have contributed to a renewed interest in small wind systems. Primary distributed wind market growth areas include residential grid-connected sites; schools, public facilities and farmer co-operatives; and farms, business and industry. Growth in small wind applications has not been matched by an increase in government incentives, and the lack of clear technical standards for wind systems may negatively impact public perceptions of the industry. This conference provided an overview of the small wind industry in Canada. The conference provided a forum for wind industry members, government agencies, and academics to explore challenges and barriers to the growth of the small wind industry. The conference, which was held as part of the larger annual CanWEA 2006 conference and trade show, was divided into 3 sessions: (1) policies to support small wind; (2) doing business with small wind; and (3) small wind technical insights. Recommendations for the certification of small wind turbines were provided, as well as a model zoning by-law. Technical issues included the development of high penetration wind/diesel systems for isolated communities in the Arctic; technical challenges with small turbines; and siting guidelines for consumers. Several small wind turbine owners reviewed some of the challenges of both buying and using wind systems. Technical and market barriers for distributed wind applications were also discussed. The conference featured 13 presentations, of which 12 were catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. refs., tabs., figs.

  20. PRAVNI OKVIR ZDRAVSTVENE ZAŠTITE U REPUBLICI HRVATSKOJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Marfan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Health is one of the most important elements of a person's life. This clearly stems from the proverb: healthy person has hundreds of wishes, a sick person only one – to get healthy. Health care and health system are large and complex areas. In Republic of Croatia there are several legal acts which regulate the health care industry. The starting point for the legislature are the principles set forth by the Constitution. The principles are further strengthened by legal acts, bylaws and codes. Republic of Croatia is also a part of the international Convention which regulated basic rights and obligations of patients and healthcare workers. The authors in the first part gives a brief overview of the legal framework in Croatia while the second part of the paper deals with, based on the approach used by author, two most important laws regarding healthcare: Health care protection act and Patients’ rights act. Health care protection act is the main legal act which determines health care as economic activity and healthcare protection. It contains the basic rights, obligations, status questions, definitions of healthcare professionals, their basic qualifications and competences needed for healthcare profession, starting up of associations and unions and legal provisions. In spite of the fact that it is complicated legal body it should be noted that the Act itself has been changed frequently, up to two or three times a year. Such legal practice creates instabilities in such a complex and sophisticated area. On the other hand Patients’ rights act is the act which guarantees patient’s rights. Author in a separate chapter determines the main regulations of the act. The Patients’ rights act is focused on the patients, but it also provides an imperative to healthcare works in terms of their conduct towards patients.

  1. Integration of advanced practice providers into the Israeli healthcare system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaron, Eliana Marcus; Andrews, Caryn Scheinberg

    2016-01-01

    Many countries around the world have integrated various types of Advanced Practice Providers (APPs) into their healthcare systems. The main motivating factors for recognizing and developing APPs worldwide include physician shortages and the need for improved access or delivery (US, France, Belgium, Scotland, Switzerland), reduced residency hours (US, UK), shortages in underserved regions (US, Canada, Finland, Australia), and cost containment (Germany, Netherlands, UK, US). Israel is experiencing a shortage of physicians in peripheral geographic regions and in critical medical specialties. Recent by-laws approved by the Knesset (Parliament), combined with Israel Ministry of Health (MOH) policies, have thus far been unable to fully address the shortages. To understand the potential contribution of APPs in Israel, we evaluated the international historical foundations and development of APP roles. We assessed how APPs have impacted healthcare in other countries by analyzing public data and published international research about APP education, safety, quality of care, motivators, barriers, and impact. We found that APPs are recognized in dozens of countries, and have similar scopes of practice, graduate level education requirements (in developed countries), and clinical training. At the same time, there is wide variability among countries in the actual function and independence of the advanced practice nurse (APN), particularly the nurse practitioner (NP). APPs have been established as cost effective, safe healthcare providers who improve healthcare access. Israel has begun to introduce APPs, specifically NPs, in a variety of fields, including geriatrics, palliative care and diabetic care. We recommend a rapid expansion of existing and new APP roles into the Israeli healthcare system based on evidence and the recommendations of international evaluations by non-government organizations. By shifting the education to a university setting, mirroring successful, evidence

  2. Biological nutrient removal from leachate using a pilot liquid-solid circulating fluidized bed bioreactor (LSCFB).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eldyasti, Ahmed; Chowdhury, Nabin; Nakhla, George; Zhu, Jesse

    2010-09-15

    Biological treatment of landfill leachate is a concern due to toxicity, high ammonia, low biodegradable organic matter concentrations, and low carbon-to-nitrogen ratio. To study the reliability and commercial viability of leachate treatment using an integrated liquid-solid circulating fluidized bed bioreactor (LSCFB), a pilot-scale LSCFB was established at the Adelaide Pollution Control Plant, London, Ontario, Canada. Anoxic and aerobic columns were used to optimize carbon and nutrient removal capability from leachate using 600 microm lava rock with a total porosity of 61%, at empty bed contact times (EBCTs) of 0.55, 0.49, and 0.41 d. The LSCFB achieved COD, nitrogen, and phosphorus removal efficiencies of 85%, 80%, and 70%, respectively at a low carbon-to-nitrogen ratio of 3:1 and nutrients loading rates of 2.15 kg COD/(m(3) d), 0.70 kg N/(m(3) d), and 0.014 kg P/(m(3) d), as compared with 60-77% COD and 70-79% nitrogen removal efficiencies achieved by upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) and moving bed bioreactor (MBBR), respectively. The LSCFB effluent characterized by by-law requirements. Remarkably low yields of 0.13, 0.15, and 0.16 g VSS/g COD were observed at long biological solids retention times (SRTs) of 31, 38 and 44 d. PMID:20510504

  3. Alcohol control in the news: the politics of media representations of alcohol policy in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawhon, Mary; Herrick, Clare

    2013-10-01

    Media coverage of the "problems" associated with alcohol is widespread in countries of the global North and now, increasingly, in those of the global South. However, despite this mounting ubiquity, there have been very few analyses either of newspaper coverage of alcohol or of media coverage of alcohol policy, especially outside Europe and North America. This article argues that given international concern with the long-term health, economic, social, and developmental consequences of risky drinking in the global South, an exploration of newspaper coverage of nascent alcohol policy in such a context is both timely and valuable. Indeed, such analyses bring to the fore the deeply contextual and contingent nature of alcohol's problematization in politics, policy, and public life. To examine these assertions, we explore the "attention allocation" processes of two South African alcohol control policies--the Western Cape Liquor Bill and the city of Cape Town's liquor bylaws--in two regional English-language newspapers between 2007 and 2011. In so doing, the article highlights the particularities of the political valence of alcohol in the South African context. Furthermore, it also draws out the tensions between alcohol as a source of livelihoods in a context of endemic unemployment and chronic poverty and alcohol as a causal factor in poverty, crime, violence, and social disintegration. In contrast to media coverage of alcohol policy in Europe and North America, this analysis of the South African press suggests that liquor consumption is far less likely to be framed as an express health risk, forcing us to question how preventative policy efforts should best proceed. PMID:23794743

  4. Pesticide assessment: Protecting public health on the home turf.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sears, Meg; Walker, C Robin; van der Jagt, Richard Hc; Claman, Paul

    2006-04-01

    Pesticide regulation is examined in the context of Health Canada's Pest Management Regulatory Agency's assessment of the chlorophenoxy herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) for turf. 2,4-D is the most common herbicide used to kill weeds in grass.The medical literature does not uniformly indicate harms from herbicides. However, the balance of epidemiological research suggests that 2,4-D can be persuasively linked to cancers, neurological impairment and reproductive problems. These may arise from 2,4-D itself, from breakdown products or dioxin contamination, or from a combination of chemicals.Regulators rely largely on toxicology, but experiments may not replicate exposures from 2,4-D application to lawns because environmental breakdown products (eg, 2,4-dichlorophenol) may not accumulate and selected herbicides are possibly less contaminated. Dioxins are bioaccumulative chemicals that may cause cancer, harm neurological development, impair reproduction, disrupt the endocrine system and alter immune function. No dioxin analyses were submitted to the Pest Management Regulatory Agency, and the principal contaminants of 2,4-D are not among the 17 congeners covered in pesticide regulation. Independent assessment of all dioxins is needed, in tissues and in the environment.The 2,4-D assessment does not approach standards for ethics, rigour or transparency in medical research. Canada needs a stronger regulator for pesticides. Potentially toxic chemicals should not be registered when more benign solutions exist, risks are not clearly quantifiable or potential risks outweigh benefits. Until landscaping pesticides are curtailed nationally, local bylaws and Quebec's Pesticide Code are prudent measures to protect public health. Physicians have a role in public education regarding pesticides.

  5. Review of the utilization of HEEPF – competitive projects for educational enhancement in the Egyptian medical sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taher Salah

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In Egypt, the medical sector has been facing the same problems that challenged the system of higher education in the past decades, mainly an increasing student enrollment, limited resources, and old governance and bylaws. These constraints and the escalating paucity of resources have had a major negative influence on quality of education. Consequently, thoughts of educational reform came forward in the form of competitive projects, which have attracted several institutes from the health sector to improve their educational performance. The aim of this paper is to review the share of the medical sector in the higher education enhancement project fund (HEEPF, its outcomes, sustainability, and to provide recommendations for keeping the momentum of reform pursuit in the future. The methodology included obtaining statistics pertaining to the medical sector in Egypt as regards colleges, students, and staff. We also reviewed the self-studies of the medical sector colleges, HEEPF projects reports, performance appraisal reports, and World Bank reports on HEEPF achievements in order to retrieve the required data. Results showed that medical sector had a large share of the HEEPF (28.5% of projects as compared to its size (8% of student population. The projects covered 10 areas; the frequency distribution of which ranged between 4.4% (creation of new programs to 97.8% (human resource development. In conclusion, educational enhancement in the medical sector in Egypt could be apparently achieved through the HEEPF competitive projects. A study of the long-term impact of these projects on the quality of education is recommended

  6. Review of the utilization of HEEPF--competitive projects for educational enhancement in the Egyptian medical sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Hamid Abdellah, Galal; El-Din Mohamed Fahmy Taher, Salah; Hosny, Somaya

    2008-04-18

    In Egypt, the medical sector has been facing the same problems that challenged the system of higher education in the past decades, mainly an increasing student enrollment, limited resources, and old governance and bylaws. These constraints and the escalating paucity of resources have had a major negative influence on quality of education. Consequently, thoughts of educational reform came forward in the form of competitive projects, which have attracted several institutes from the health sector to improve their educational performance. The aim of this paper is to review the share of the medical sector in the higher education enhancement project fund (HEEPF), its outcomes, sustainability, and to provide recommendations for keeping the momentum of reform pursuit in the future. The methodology included obtaining statistics pertaining to the medical sector in Egypt as regards colleges, students, and staff. We also reviewed the self-studies of the medical sector colleges, HEEPF projects reports, performance appraisal reports, and World Bank reports on HEEPF achievements in order to retrieve the required data. Results showed that medical sector had a large share of the HEEPF (28.5% of projects) as compared to its size (8% of student population). The projects covered 10 areas; the frequency distribution of which ranged between 4.4% (creation of new programs) to 97.8% (human resource development). In conclusion, educational enhancement in the medical sector in Egypt could be apparently achieved through the HEEPF competitive projects. A study of the long-term impact of these projects on the quality of education is recommended.

  7. On the Phenomenon of the Law Not Punishing Numerous Offenders In the Viewpoint of Ruling the Country by Law%论依法治国视野下的“法不责众”现象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚志宏

    2016-01-01

    The law not punishing numerous offenders is not a legal principles or rules, but a kind of objective existence of legal phenomenon and the psychology of the masses. Group illegal cost is small, the cost to correct group illegal act is larger, the citizens” consciousness of law is weak, group psychology is strong, which is the main reason for the phenomenon of the law not punishing numerous offenders. Under the condition of governing the country bylaw, we must fully understand the harm of this phenomenon, and make efforts to eliminate this kind of undesirable phenomenon and psychology from the legislation, law enforcement, judicial, law-abiding.%“法不责众”并非一项法律原则或规则,而是一种客观存在的法律现象和大众心理。群体违法的成本较小,纠正群体违法的成本较大,公民的法律信仰意识淡薄,侥幸、从众心理浓厚,是“法不责众”现象存在的主要原因。在依法治国的时空条件下,必须深刻认识“法不责众”现象的危害性,从立法、执法、司法、守法四个方面入手,努力消除这种不良现象和心理。

  8. The Anatomische Gesellschaft and National Socialism: an analysis based on newly available archival material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkelmann, Andreas

    2015-09-01

    The newly available scientific estate of Heinrich von Eggeling (1869-1954), long-time secretary of the Anatomische Gesellschaft (AG), allows a more profound analysis of how this scientific association went through the period of the "Third Reich". At the first meeting under the new rulers in 1934, von Eggeling and Siegfried Mollier prevented their board colleague Martin Heidenhain from giving an introductory talk because they (not unjustly) feared anti-Jewish protests, but also because many anatomy professors, like other German scholars, were fervent nationalists who welcomed Hitler and largely accepted the expulsion of Jewish and other colleagues as 'inevitable' for national renewal. Many persecuted members nevertheless remained on the membership lists and the AG never officially introduced anti-Jewish bylaws. Eggeling and his like-minded colleagues successfully defended the international status of the AG, though not so much against the Nazi authorities but against a younger generation of anatomists who were willing to benefit from the new political situation and strived for their own German anatomical association. The available archival material suggests that the motivation of the established leading members of the AG to take this specific path was not rooted in opposition to the new rulers but rather in defence of their traditional status of reputed professors running a time-honoured, world leading society. This made international reputation an important guideline for many decisions. While they did ward off attempts by the younger generation to politicise the AG, their post-war calls for an apolitical science remain ambivalent, as their own stance had not always been apolitical. PMID:26117073

  9. TO THE QUESTION OF LEGAL REGULATION OF THE INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC SERVANTS DUTIES IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE XIX CENTURY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arkhireeva A. S.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article some features of standard regulation of duties of public servants in the XIX century are considered. The author investigates the problems of legislative providing the specified institute of the right. It's noted that in the Russian Empire the special attention was paid to the educational qualification of officials. In fact, education existence, during this period, was a duty for public servants. Even those persons who already served were obliged to get an education that certainly is a positive innovation. Thus, the educational qualification of officials of civil department was brought to the level of duties. Understanding the need of improvement of quality of public administration, the country leaders paid special attention to the questions of vocational training of future and working officials. For example, additional tests for officials of persons interested to receive higher position of a collegiate asessor or the state councilor were established. Increasing of education level of employees, elimination of low load of universities – the main objectives which were pursued. The author notes that conditionally the duty of public servants can subdivide into 2 types: the general duties concerning all categories of officials; the special duties established to certain officials. The special rights and duties of employees were established in departmental, local and bylaws. There was a more detailed study of the right of employees for the contents and provision of pensions. The concept of full material security of officials at the legislative level was successfully established by the state, but in practice the custom of "feeding" actively was implemented

  10. Carrying Forward the Spirit of Constitution and Promoting a Healthy Development of Sport---on the Occasion of Establishing the First Constitution Day%弘扬宪法精神,促进体育事业良性发展--写在中国首个宪法日设立之际

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛治国; 曲美儒

    2015-01-01

    2014年12月4日是新中国建立以来设立的首个宪法日,其意义非同凡响,不仅标志着我们尊重宪法,弘扬宪法精神的脚步跟进一步,也标志着我国依法治国、依法执政的法制建设进入了一个新的时代,更标志着离我们伟大的中国梦的实现更近了一步。达成共识、制定规则、执行规则、惩处违反规则,奖励遵守规则是宪法精神在体育领域的具体体现。只有做到有法可依、有法必依、执法必严、违法必究,才能真正做到在体育领域深入贯彻“宪法精神”,才能早日在体育领域实现“奥运争光”,才能实现“全民健身”、才能实现“体育产业繁荣”,才能实现伟大的体育中国梦。%December 4th 2014 is the first Constitution Day since the foundation of new China.Its extraordinary significance not only marks a step nearer the respect for constitution and the carrying forward of the spirit of constitution,but also rule of law,legal system construction and administration has entered a new era,so we are a step nearer the realization of Chinese Dream.Reaching consensus,formulating and implementing rules,punishing violation of rules and rewarding abidance of rules are concrete embodiments of the spirit of constitution in sports field.Only when “there are laws to abide by,law must be observed and strictly enforced,and law -breakers must be prosecuted”are realized,can the carrying out of the spirit of constitution in sports field become real,can the early realization of “honoring motherland in Olympic Games”,fitness for all,prosperity of sports industry be fulfilled.In this way,the great Chinese Dream of sports can be achieved.

  11. Legal issues with wind farm stakeholders

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ; acquiring additional rights; and multilevel compensation schemes. It was concluded that the risk of litigation can be dealt with in part by involving expert legal advisors during the planning stages of a project. Addressing neighbour concerns over noise and environmental impacts must be addressed in advance, and it is important to develop a relationship with local authorities in order to address by-law changes. refs., tabs., figs

  12. Implementation of the rio conventions in framework of national sustainable development policy in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.V. Zharova

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. In the article the national regulatory and legal framework for environmental economics and various bylaws and regulations in the area of environmental protection and sustainable management of natural resources were analyzed. The analysis of laws and regulations concerning the environmental economics was aligned along the following main axes representing key activity areas, such as strategic planning, technical regulation, economic situation and macroeconomic forecasting, trade development, financial policy, cooperation between Ukraine and European Union. Grounded, that a major strength in the technical and financial regulation area is the presence of a suite of regulations concerning the nature reserves and protected areas and natural resource cadastres that can be adapted to meet modern needs, as well as legislated sanctions that are in place to prosecute environmental law offenders. The strengths and opportunities for enhancing the capacity for implementing the Rio Conventions were summarized. The results of the analysis. The analysis of gaps allowed to mark out gaps threatening the implementation process; gaps undermining the efficiency of sectoral policy; options to overcome these obstacles; progress achieved to address the identified gaps. Authors grounded that Ukraine has an extensive suite of environmental laws and regulations and at the same time, the level of implementation of the Rio Conventions can be described as insufficient due to objective and subjective factors, which detailed described in the paper. The researchers underlined that legislative reform should involve systemic changes in the legislation including general and specialized measures. General measures are those that aim to change the system of environmental legislation in general, while specialized measures focus on the improvement of specific laws and regulations that form part of this system. Conclusions concerned the range of general measures

  13. Governança corporativa: um novo nome para antigas práticas?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Ricardino

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Em 1754, para tentar reverter a grave crise econômica que se abatia sobre o Estado do Grão-Pará e Maranhão, situado no noroeste do Brasil, o então Governador Francisco Xavier de Mendonça Furtado solicita ao seu irmão, o Marquês de Pombal, Primeiro Ministro de Portugal, que faça esforços junto ao rei para a aprovação de uma companhia de comércio destinada a transportar escravos negros para serem comercializados naquele Estado, como forma de substituir a mão-de-obra indígena, pouco acostumada ao trabalho. Objetivando adiantar o processo e contando apenas com sua memória e experiência, o Governador redigiu e encaminhou ao irmão a minuta dos estatutos daquele empreendimento. Seus vinte e sete parágrafos podem ser considerados avançados para a época e possuem diversos conceitos que hoje são práticas recomendáveis de Governança Corporativa. Considerando-se que mais de duzentos anos separam a iniciativa de Mendonça Furtado dos estudos sobre Governança Corporativa, vale perguntar: Governança Corporativa é um novo nome para antigas práticas?In 1754, in an attempt to revert the serious economic crisis that hit the State of Grão Pará and Maranhão, located in the Northeast of Brazil, the Governor at that time, Francisco Xavier de Mendonça Furtado, asked his brother, the Marquis of Pombal, Prime Minister of Portugal, to make his best effort at the royal palace to approve a trading company aimed at transporting black slaves to be traded in that state, in order to substitute for indigenous workforce, which was little accustomed to this work. With a view to fastening the process, on the mere basis of his memory and experience, the Governor wrote and sent his brother the minutes of that company's bylaws. His twenty-seven paragraphs can be considered ahead of their time and contain various concepts recommended as Corporate Governance practices nowadays. Considering that there are more than two hundred years between Mendon

  14. Models of governance in multihospital systems. Implications for hospital and system-level decision-making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morlock, L L; Alexander, J A

    1986-12-01

    This study utilizes data from a national survey of 159 multihospital systems in order to describe the types of governance structures currently being utilized, and to compare the policy making process for various types of decisions in systems with different approaches to governance. Survey results indicate that multihospital systems most often use one of three governance models. Forty-one percent of the systems (including 33% of system hospitals) use a parent holding company model in which there is a system-wide corporate governing board and separate governing boards for each member hospital. Twenty-two percent of systems in the sample (but 47% of all system hospitals) utilize what we have termed a modified parent holding company model in which there is one system-wide governing board, but advisory boards are substituted for governing boards at the local hospital level. Twenty-three percent of the sampled systems (including 11% of system hospitals) use a corporate model in which there is one system-wide governing board but no other governing or advisory boards at either the divisional, regional or local hospital levels. A comparison of systems using these three governance approaches found significant variation in terms of system size, ownership and the geographic proximity of member hospitals. In order to examine the relationship between alternative approaches to governance and patterns of decision-making, the three model types were compared with respect to the percentages of systems reporting that local boards, corporate management and/or system-wide corporate boards have responsibility for decision-making in a number of specific issue areas. Study results indicate that, regardless of model type, corporate boards are most likely to have responsibility for decisions regarding the transfer, pledging and sale of assets; the formation of new companies; purchase of assets greater than $100,000; changes in hospital bylaws; and the appointment of local board members. In

  15. Challenges and guidelines for clinical trial of herbal drugs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abida Parveen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available World Health Organization (WHO has defined herbal medicines as finished labeled medicinal product that contain an active ingredient, aerial, or underground parts of the plant or other plant material or combinations. According to a report of WHO, about 80% of the world population is reported to rely on traditional medicine for their primary health care needs. Even in the developed countries, complementary or alternative medicine is gaining popularity. A report of a global survey on national policy on traditional medicine and regulation of herbal medicines indicated that about 50 countries including China, Japan, and Germany already have their national policy and laws on regulations of traditional medicines. Herbal drugs possess a long history of its use and better patient tolerance. These are cheaper and easily available in countries like India due to rich agro culture conditions. However, reckless utilization of resources threatens the sustainability of several plant species. Traditional medicines are governed by the Drugs and Cosmetics Act of 1940 and the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules of 1945. In 1959, the Government of India amended the Drugs and Cosmetics Act to include drugs that are derived from traditional Indian medicine. In 1993, the guidelines for the safety and efficacy of herbal medicines developed by an expert committee directed that the procedures laid down by the office of the Drug Controller General of India for allopathic drugs should be followed for all traditional and herbal products to enter into clinical trials for any therapeutic condition. However, there are certain loop holes in the clinical trials of herbal drugs as the lack of stringent bylaws and regulations. Hence, a deep insight of important challenges and major regulatory guidelines for clinical trial of herbal drugs and botanicals is discussed in the present communication. There is lack of scientific evidence to evaluate safety and efficacy of herbal drugs. The quality

  16. La apicultura sevillana afines de la Edad Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmona Ruiz, María Antonia

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to present the apiculture industry in Seville in the Late Middle Ages. Due to the importance of this economic activity, "ordenanzas" (bylaws, which regulated the exploitation of the apiaries, were passed shortly after the conquest of Seville. By means of these "ordenanzas" and other documents which made reference to beekeeping, I have tried to reconstruct the map of the areas dedicated to apiculture in Seville, by indicating where the beehives were located and how they were exploited. I will deal especially with the existence of institutions relating to beekeeping, for example the "alcaldes de los colmeneros" (municipal officials who supervised and controlled the activities of the beekeepers. I will also deal with the owners of the beehives and the conflicts they had with other economic activities carried out in the same place. I will pay special attention to the problems the beekeepers had with the farmers and stockbreeders, and to the problems existing among the beekeepers themselves. These problems forced the creation of boundaries and regulated distances between the different exploitations.[fr] Cet article traite sur l'activité apicole à Seville pendant le Bas Moyen Âge. L'importance de cette activité économique entraîne la promulgation -peu de temps après la conquête de la ville- d'ordonnances sur l'exploitation des ruches. En partant de ces ordonnances et d'autres documents relatifs à la même activité, nous tentons de déterminer les espaces apicoles du territoire communal de Seville et de préciser l'emplacement et le mode d'exploitation des ruches. Nous soulignons l'existence d'institutions propres à cette activité—celle des alcaldes de los colmeneros (juges des apiculteurs, par exemple— et consacrons une partie de notre travail aux propriétaires de ruches et aux conflits surgis, soit entre eux, soit entre l'apiculture et d'autres activités économiques profitant des mêmes espaces, tout

  17. Avaliação de ruído na região central de Maringá e Universidade Estadual de Maringá = Noise evaluation in the central region of Maringá and State University of Maringá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiza Helena Costa Dutra Sousa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho realizou-se o mapeamento acústico para salas de aulas,laboratórios e biblioteca pertencentes à Universidade Estadual de Maringá, bem como para a região central da cidade de Maringá, Estado do Paraná. Na primeira etapa do trabalho, realizou-se estudo e revisão bibliográfica sobre os parâmetros de interesse quando se deseja qualificar uma sala ou ambiente quanto ao seu nível de ruído, bem como o levantamento dos principais pontos a serem estudados. A segunda etapa compreendeu as medições in locu desses parâmetros, executadas conforme normas ABNT, ISO e recomendações da literatura. Por último, analisaram-se, estatisticamente, os dados para que pudessem ser comparados com os valores estipulados por leis vigentes. Após análise dos dados obtidos, pode-se perceber que a maioria dos pontos apresentou-se acima dos valores permitidos por lei, principalmente em relação à cidade de Maringá, e alguns trechos apresentaram-se com níveis de ruído bastante elevados. Com relação à Universidade Estadual de Maringá, grande parte dos pontos apresentou-se acima do permitido, mas em alguns casos apresentaramexcelente qualidade. This project intended to carry through an acoustic mapping of theclassrooms, laboratories and library pertaining to the State University of Maringá, as well as for the downtown of Maringá, Paraná State. The first stage will consisted of studying and presenting the parameters of interest to characterize a room or an environment as for its noise level, as well as the survey of the main points to be studied. The second stage included the in locu measurements of these parameters, according to ABNT and ISO norms and literature recommendations. Finally, collected data was statistically analyzed so that they could be compared to values stipulated by effective laws. After analyzing the collected data, it was possible to notice that the majority of the points were above the values allowed bylaw, especially

  18. Fog Collection Pilot Project (FCPP) in the Eastern Escarpments of Eritrea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gherezghiher, T.

    2010-07-01

    Eritrea is water scarce country that relies heavily on underground water reserve and more than 80% of the rural population does not have access to safe and clean drinking water. In the rural areas, shallow hand dug wells are the primary sources of water and in most cases their discharge rate is deteriorating due to the recurrent drought. Particularly, in the targeted project areas underground water reserve is hard to find due to the steep topography. However, in these parts of Eritrea one will find a sector of mountains, about 700 km long, where the wind transports moist air from the Red Sea forming fog on the highlands. The area of the FCPP is the region of Maakel, near the villages Nefasit and Arborobu. The overall objective of his FCPP was to provide supplementary water supply system from large fog collectors (LFCs) in order to increase access to safe and clean drinking water in the targeted Schools and surrounding villages. Communities and students were organized to participate in the implementation of the project. Forty LFCs were established in all the targeted areas in previously evaluated potential locations. The project was implemented by Vision Eritrea, a National NGO in partnership with the country's' Water Resource Department; Fog Quest a Canadian NGO and Water Foundation, a German NGO, who also funded the project. The FCPP focused on introducing a new innovative water harvesting technology which is a crucial element for the survival of the people in the mountainous escarpment of the country; and with prospect of locally owned solutions for a sustainable management of and access to natural resource. Preliminary evaluation of the project showed that there was a good production of fog water, with an average of 6-8 litters/m2/day on the low intensity of fog and from 12 -18 litters on the high fog intensity. A functional water committee was established and trained on water management and maintenance of the LFC. They also developed water bylaw by which the

  19. Energy - efficient buildings in pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pakistan is one of the countries with the highest energy consumption for domestic use. Annual energy consumption by the domestic sector is 45.9 % of the total, while the industrial sector, consumes about 27.5%. About half of the total energy consumed is used in buildings and/or heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) and lighting appliances. The energy consumed for the same purposes in China and UK is 25 to 30 % and 40 %, respectively, even in extreme weather conditions. Energy deficiency in Pakistan is approximately 5,000 MWe, which results in worst load-shedding in summers and, lately, even in winters. Building new energy sources like dams, coal power plants and renewable energy power projects are some possible solutions, but these are time taking and need at least 2 to 6 years to complete, depending upon the nature of the project. Fast development of energy-efficient buildings is, therefore, necessary to deal with exacerbating energy-crisis and related environmental impact in Pakistan. Innovations in the prevailing building-design will help the country in reducing the energy burden. These innovations may include improved architectural designs, energy-efficient building materials, electrical appliances and implementation of building energy-efficiency codes. In 1987, the National Energy Conservation Centre (ENERCON), was established under Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan, with the aim to build awareness among the masses for energy conservation, and to make policies regarding energy-conservation structures in the country. But no policy regarding building energy codes has been introduced by ENERCON till now. In collaboration with Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC), ENERCON has recently finalized the Building Energy Code of Pakistan Energy Provisions 2011 for which statutory notification is under process for necessary amendment in the building by-laws. The implementation of this Energy Code will result in 25 to 30 % of energy savings in the

  20. AREVA 2009 reference document

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Reference Document contains information on the AREVA group's objectives, prospects and development strategies. It contains information on the markets, market shares and competitive position of the AREVA group. This information provides an adequate picture of the size of these markets and of the AREVA group's competitive position. Content: 1 - Person responsible for the Reference Document and Attestation by the person responsible for the Reference Document; 2 - Statutory and Deputy Auditors; 3 - Selected financial information; 4 - Risks: Risk management and coverage, Legal risk, Industrial and environmental risk, Operating risk, Risk related to major projects, Liquidity and market risk, Other risk; 5 - Information about the issuer: History and development, Investments; 6 - Business overview: Markets for nuclear power and renewable energies, AREVA customers and suppliers, Overview and strategy of the group, Business divisions, Discontinued operations: AREVA Transmission and Distribution; 7 - Organizational structure; 8 - Property, plant and equipment: Principal sites of the AREVA group, Environmental issues that may affect the issuer's; 9 - Analysis of and comments on the group's financial position and performance: Overview, Financial position, Cash flow, Statement of financial position, Events subsequent to year-end closing for 2009; 10 - Capital Resources; 11 - Research and development programs, patents and licenses; 12 -trend information: Current situation, Financial objectives; 13 - Profit forecasts or estimates; 14 - Administrative, management and supervisory bodies and senior management; 15 - Compensation and benefits; 16 - Functioning of corporate bodies; 17 - Employees; 18 - Principal shareholders; 19 - Transactions with related parties: French state, CEA, EDF group; 20 - Financial information concerning assets, financial positions and financial performance; 21 - Additional information: Share capital, Certificate of incorporation and by-laws; 22 - Major

  1. National legal system in relation to vulnerable population groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sjeničić Marta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Vulnerable social groups can be recognized in everyday life, and local legal regulations identify them as well. Strategies and laws clearly identify the increased needs of vulnerable groups. Local legislation, for example, observes comparative law trends and attempts to prevent discrimination of persons with disabilities, emphasizes their human rights and creates the legal framework for taking these persons out of the institutional form of protection and including them into the community. In Serbia however, strategies and laws, as well as by-laws, are written in sectors, and not in cross-sectors manner. Proper caring for persons with disabilities, including persons with mental disabilities, requires an integral approach, namely a mutual approach of the social, health, educational and other sectors. True enough, local regulations stress the need for an intersectional approach, but such an approach is scantily applied in practice, so the comprehensive care that would satisfy the multiple needs of persons with mental disabilities often turns out to be less than expected in the community. Pursuant to national laws and basic ethic principals, all citizens of the Republic of Serbia have the right to health protection without discrimination. Therefore, methods for using health protection, easier than the existing ones, should be found for certain vulnerable groups, depending on their characteristics, and so for the Roma as well, and bearing in mind that systemic health regulations in Serbia open the door to special treatment of these groups. The inaccessible approach to health care of the Roma population persists primarily due to insufficient basic health documentation and basic personal documentation. Personal documents are linked with the registered place of residence, which the Roma, largely do not have. The problem is thus on a wider scale and is not only focused on the health sector. As such, it requires a wider, intersectional approach and a

  2. Organization of central database for implementation of ionizing radiation protection in the Republic of Croatia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kubelka, D.; Svilicic, N. [Croatian Radiation Protection Institute, Zagreb (Croatia)

    2000-05-01

    The paper is intended to give an overview of the situation in the Republic of Croatia resulting from passing of the new ionizing radiation protection law. Data collecting organization and records keeping structure will be highlighted in particular, as well as data exchange between individual services involved in ionizing radiation protection. The Radiation Protection Act has been prepared in compliance with the international standards and Croatian regulations governing the ionizing radiation protection field. Its enforcement shall probably commence in October 1999, when the necessary bylaws regulating in detail numerous specific and technical issues of particular importance for ionizing radiation protection implementation are expected to be adopted. Within the Croatian Government, the Ministry of Health is charge of ionizing radiation protection. Such competence is traditional in our country and common throughout the world. This Ministry has authorized three institutions to carry out technical tasks related to the radiation protection, such as radiation sources inspections and personal dosimetry. Such distribution of work demands coordination of all involved institutions, control of their work and records keeping. The Croatian Radiation Protection Institute has been entrusted to coordinate work of these institutions, control their activities, and set up the central national registry of radiation sources and workers, as well as doses received by the staff during their work. Since the Croatian Radiation Protection Institute is a newly established institution, we could freely determine our operational framework. Due to its publicly accessible source code and wide base of users and developers, the best prospective for stability and long-term accessibility is offered by the Linux operating system. For the database development, Oracle RDBMS was used, partly because it is a leading manufacturer of database management systems, and partly because our staff is very familiar

  3. Building Energy Efficiency in India: Compliance Evaluation of Energy Conservation Building Code

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Delgado, Alison

    2014-03-26

    s enactment, only two states and one territory out of 35 Indian states and union territories formally adopted ECBC and six additional states are in the legislative process of approving ECBC. There are several barriers that slow down the process. First, stakeholders, such as architects, developers, and state and local governments, lack awareness of building energy efficiency, and do not have enough capacity and resources to implement ECBC. Second, institution for implementing ECBC is not set up yet; ECBC is not included in local building by-laws or incorporated into the building permit process. Third, there is not a systematic approach to measuring and verifying compliance and energy savings, and thus the market does not have enough confidence in ECBC. Energy codes achieve energy savings only when projects comply with codes, yet only few countries measure compliance consistently and periodic checks often indicate poor compliance in many jurisdictions. China and the U.S. appear to be two countries with comprehensive systems in code enforcement and compliance The United States recently developed methodologies measuring compliance with building energy codes at the state level. China has an annual survey investigating code compliance rate at the design and construction stages in major cities. Like many developing countries, India has only recently begun implementing an energy code and would benefit from international experience on code compliance. In this paper, we examine lessons learned from the U.S. and China on compliance assessment and how India can apply these lessons to develop its own compliance evaluation approach. This paper also provides policy suggestions to national, state, and local governments to improve compliance and speed up ECBC implementation.

  4. Areva - Press release from the Supervisory Board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During its meeting held on December 12, 2011, devoted in particular to the examination of the 2011 closing estimates, the AREVA Executive Board indicated that it expected to book a provision of 1.46 billion euros (2.025 billion US dollars) in the company's accounts for fiscal year 2011 for impairment of assets for the reporting entity UraMin, a mining company acquired by AREVA in 2007, which, given the provision booked in 2010 (426 million euros), brings the value of these assets on the AREVA balance sheet down to 410 million euros. Given the size of these provisions, the Supervisory Board decided to make three of its members, meeting as an ad hoc committee, in charge of analyzing the terms of acquisition of this company, as well as the key decisions made in this reporting entity up to 2011 and, based on the outcome of these analyses, to recommend to it any appropriate measures in AREVA's interest. This committee reported on its work during the Supervisory Board meeting held on February 14, 2012. In light of this report, the Supervisory Board found that the fairness and reliability of the financial statements of previous years were not in question. Nevertheless, considering the malfunctions raised, the Board considers it appropriate to thoroughly review AREVA's governance in order to ensure that decisions concerning large acquisitions or investments be reviewed and validated in the future under conditions ensuring better legal and financial security and enabling a more transparent dialogue between management and the Supervisory Board. It thus asked the Executive Board to recommend, at the next General Meeting of Shareholders, that the by-laws of the company be modified to make the Supervisory Board's prior approval of investments, stake acquisitions and acquisitions mandatory above a threshold of 20 million euros. It also decided to set up a business ethics committee within the Supervisory Board responsible for ensuring that rules of conduct are properly applied

  5. Vaciado de edificios conservando la fachada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Rodríguez, Santiago

    1984-09-01

    Full Text Available This study, which is presented under the heading «The gutting of buildings while maintaining the facade», takes up not only the technical aspect of restructuring buildings, but also the legal aspects concerning rehabilitation and its problems. Following a brief commentary on prevailing legislation, it goes into rehabilitation in search of solutions which might lend more effectiveness to administrative work oriented towards the aim of keeping up artistic and cultural heritage. Urban standards of protection and the Municipal Bylaws for the Control of Rehabilitation Assistance are analyzed, in which one begins to see good intentions on the part of the Madrid City Council and an awareness of the problem, raising grants and financial aid, though still somewhat timidly, for the upkeep of urban patrimony. It is important to stress the distinction which is made between normal or 'ordinary* upkeep of a building and outstanding or 'extraordinary* upkeep in as much as it affects the obligations pertaining to property, as long as it does not exceed the limit of the obligation of maintenance which corresponds to it, as well as affecting the Government with respect to the obligation incumbent on it to provide the necessary assistance. Regarding the technical aspect, without trying to be rigorous, a simple and practical method is expounded for the temporary maintenance of facades while going ahead with the substitution of the interior of the building. Besides the recommendations on the precautions that should be taken and the description of the shoring-up system, the criteria for calculating the tubular metallic structure, the regulations to be applied and the approximate costs per square meter are provided.Bajo el título « Vaciado de edificios conservando la fachada», se presenta este trabajo que recoge» no sólo el aspecto técnico de la reestructuración de edificios, sino también aspectos legales sobre la rehabilitación en general y su problem

  6. The Origin and Development of the Training Certification System for Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysts in America%美国执法情报分析师培训认证制度的源起与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢晓专

    2014-01-01

    执法情报分析师对于执法机构的规划、情报以及调查活动均十分关键。早在20世纪80年代,美国国际执法情报分析师协会( IALEIA)的章程就提出了分析师的认证需求。早期的情报分析师认证没有统一的标准,没有形成制度化的培训认证机制。美国执法情报分析师培训认证的制度化源于“9·11”事件后美国执法界的反思,《国家犯罪情报共享计划》《犯罪情报培训最低标准》《执法分析师认证标准》等文件的出台,拉开了美国执法情报分析师培训认证制度化的序幕。《情报分析师的一般素质能力清单》《执法分析标准》《中级分析培训课程最低标准》等文件的面世,标志着美国执法情报分析师培训认证制度化建设进入新阶段。目前美国已经形成相对完备的执法情报分析师培训认证制度体系,值得我国学习和借鉴。%The law enforcement intelligence analyst is critical to the planning, intelligence, and investigative activities of a law enforce-ment agency. The need for analyst certification was spelt out early in 1980 in the bylaws of the IALEIA. There was no unified standard a-bout intelligence analyst certification at the beginning, and the institutionalized training certification mechanism has not been formed then. The institutionalization of the training certification mechanism for U. S. law enforcement intelligence analysts originated from the reflection on the 9·11 event and began with the documents of the National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan, Law Enforcement Analyst Certifica-tion Standards and Minimum Criminal Intelligence Training Standards, and now it steps into a new stage with the development of the Law Enforcement Analytic Standards, Common Competencies for State, Local, and Tribal Intelligence Analysts and Minimum Standards for In-termediate-Level Analytic Training Courses etc. , which is worth studying and using for reference

  7. Zone Restrictions Orders in Canadian Courts and the Reproduction of Socio-Economic Inequality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Eve Sylvestre

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available While State and local governments have long turned to legal norms, such as vagrancy ordinances and anti-panhandling by-laws, and relied on displacement strategies ranging from orders to disperse and forced removals to control disorderly behavior in public spaces, the ways in which courts and legal actors working within the criminal justice system contribute to the monitoring of public spaces have almost completely gone unnoticed. This paper focuses on one court-imposed spatial tactic, namely zone restriction or "no go" orders. We suggest that despite the fact that these court orders rely on preventative discourses and pursue rehabilitative objectives, they may ultimately have punitive effects on the public poor and political demonstrators and contribute to creating and reproducing socio-economic inequality by creating obstacles for their reintegration, encouraging recidivism, putting the safety of individuals at risk and by neutralizing those who challenge the social and political order in various ways. Ultimately, these orders raise some concerns with respect to the rule of law since they are rarely challenged and generally appear to be shielded from review. Mientras que estados y gobiernos locales han vuelto a normas legales como la ley de vagos y maleantes, y basan sus estrategias en el desplazamiento, mediante órdenes de dispersión y traslados forzosos para controlar el comportamiento desordenado en los espacios públicos, ha pasado prácticamente desapercibida la forma en la que tribunales y agentes jurídicos trabajan dentro del sistema de justicia penal para contribuir a la vigilancia de los espacios públicos. Este artículo se centra en una táctica espacial impuesta por un tribunal, concretamente la restricción de zona o pedidos "intangibles". Se sugiere que, a pesar de que estas órdenes judiciales se basan en discursos preventivos y persiguen objetivos de rehabilitación, en última instancia pueden tener efectos punitivos sobre

  8. Feed-In Tariff as a Mechanism of Promoting Renewable Energy in the World and Turkey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    the recently updated renewable energy law, issuing of two main regulations (by-laws) are needed in the following six months. One of them is on equipment standards and determination of the domestic content of the equipment and the other is related to grid connection, metering and auditing rules. For power plants smaller than 500 kWe and roof-top applications to feed electricity to the grid, the unlicensed power producer regulations are already in place since the end of October 2010, and along with the new law and following regulations it will become meaningful in terms of solar energy. Turkey, as a south-eastern Mediterranean country has richer solar resources as compared to Germany, the solar power leader of Europe. In contrast, as a country strong on conventional manufacturing, is not considered as a technology developer in the solar energy sector. Therefore, the Turkish FiT model may be a better example for the MENA countries that will house a large amount of solar power investments in the upcoming years. (author)

  9. Agents of Change - Frauenaktivistinnen in Aceh [Agents of Change - Women Activists in Aceh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Großmann

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aceh befindet sich seit der Dezentralisierungspolitik Indonesiens Ende der 1990er Jahre, der Tsunamikatastrophe 2004 und der Unterzeichnung des Memorandum of Understanding (MoU 2005in einer politischen, kulturellen und gesellschaftlichen Transformation. Die Situation der Frauen in Aceh ist geprägt durch Repressionen aufgrund der Einführung der Scharia, durch Einflussnahmevon internationalen Hilfsorganisationen nach dem Tsunami und durch die Neuordnung der Region Acehs seit den Autonomieverhandlungen. Der Transformationsprozess bringt große Herausforderungen für die Frauen in Aceh mit sich und beinhaltet zugleich die Chance zur Mitgestaltung. So entwerfen Frauenaktivistinnen innerhalb des Spannungsfeldes islamische Religiosität, traditionell-kulturelleStrukturen und westliche Wertevorstellungen, Positionen und Strategien, um ihren Wunsch nach Geschlechtergerechtigkeit durchzusetzen. Mein Artikel beleuchtet die Frage, welche Rolle Frauenaktivistinnen innerhalb des Transformationsprozesses einnehmen und welche Chancen, Möglichkeiten und Hindernisse es gibt, um Einfluss auf politische und gesellschaftliche Prozesse zunehmen. ----- Aceh, Indonesia’s westernmost province is in a process of political, social and cultural transformation, which is caused by three main factors. First, the process of decentralisation, launched by the government of Indonesia starting from the end of the 1990s and as a consequence of the implementation of sharia bylaws since 2001, second, the tsunami calamity 2004 and third, the peace process starting with the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU 2005 between representatives of the Government of Indonesia and the Acehnese freedom movement GAM (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka. Today’s situation of women in Aceh is infl uenced by repressions due to a conservative interpretation of Islam, by the impact of international aid organisations, which entered Aceh after the tsunami andby the political, social and cultural

  10. Organization of central database for implementation of ionizing radiation protection in the Republic of Croatia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper is intended to give an overview of the situation in the Republic of Croatia resulting from passing of the new ionizing radiation protection law. Data collecting organization and records keeping structure will be highlighted in particular, as well as data exchange between individual services involved in ionizing radiation protection. The Radiation Protection Act has been prepared in compliance with the international standards and Croatian regulations governing the ionizing radiation protection field. Its enforcement shall probably commence in October 1999, when the necessary bylaws regulating in detail numerous specific and technical issues of particular importance for ionizing radiation protection implementation are expected to be adopted. Within the Croatian Government, the Ministry of Health is charge of ionizing radiation protection. Such competence is traditional in our country and common throughout the world. This Ministry has authorized three institutions to carry out technical tasks related to the radiation protection, such as radiation sources inspections and personal dosimetry. Such distribution of work demands coordination of all involved institutions, control of their work and records keeping. The Croatian Radiation Protection Institute has been entrusted to coordinate work of these institutions, control their activities, and set up the central national registry of radiation sources and workers, as well as doses received by the staff during their work. Since the Croatian Radiation Protection Institute is a newly established institution, we could freely determine our operational framework. Due to its publicly accessible source code and wide base of users and developers, the best prospective for stability and long-term accessibility is offered by the Linux operating system. For the database development, Oracle RDBMS was used, partly because it is a leading manufacturer of database management systems, and partly because our staff is very familiar

  11. Areva - Press release from the Supervisory Board; Areva - Communique de presse du Conseil de Surveillance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marie, Patricia; Briand, Pauline; Floquet-Daubigeon, Fleur; Michaut, Maxime; Scorbiac, Marie de; Repaire, Philippine du

    2012-02-14

    During its meeting held on December 12, 2011, devoted in particular to the examination of the 2011 closing estimates, the AREVA Executive Board indicated that it expected to book a provision of 1.46 billion euros (2.025 billion US dollars) in the company's accounts for fiscal year 2011 for impairment of assets for the reporting entity UraMin, a mining company acquired by AREVA in 2007, which, given the provision booked in 2010 (426 million euros), brings the value of these assets on the AREVA balance sheet down to 410 million euros. Given the size of these provisions, the Supervisory Board decided to make three of its members, meeting as an ad hoc committee, in charge of analyzing the terms of acquisition of this company, as well as the key decisions made in this reporting entity up to 2011 and, based on the outcome of these analyses, to recommend to it any appropriate measures in AREVA's interest. This committee reported on its work during the Supervisory Board meeting held on February 14, 2012. In light of this report, the Supervisory Board found that the fairness and reliability of the financial statements of previous years were not in question. Nevertheless, considering the malfunctions raised, the Board considers it appropriate to thoroughly review AREVA's governance in order to ensure that decisions concerning large acquisitions or investments be reviewed and validated in the future under conditions ensuring better legal and financial security and enabling a more transparent dialogue between management and the Supervisory Board. It thus asked the Executive Board to recommend, at the next General Meeting of Shareholders, that the by-laws of the company be modified to make the Supervisory Board's prior approval of investments, stake acquisitions and acquisitions mandatory above a threshold of 20 million euros. It also decided to set up a business ethics committee within the Supervisory Board responsible for ensuring that rules of conduct are

  12. Brazilian Soil Science Society: brief history, achievements and challenges for the near future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muggler, Cristine Carole; Oliveira Camargo, Flávio A.; Bezerra de Oliveira, Luiz; Signorelli de Farias, Gonçalo

    2013-04-01

    presented 28 papers. The last one, in Uberlandia, Minas Gerais had 3000 participants with 66 conferences and keynotes and more than 4000 papers presented. The next will happen in August 2013 in Florianopolis, Santa Catarina and is also limited to 3000 participants. Beside the national soil science meetings, in its 65 years, the Society also promoted 26 editions of the Brazilian Meeting of Management and Conservation of Soil and Water, 23 editions of the Brazilian Meeting of Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition, 6 editions of the Brazilian Meeting of Fertility and Soil Biology and six editions the Brazilian Simposium on Soil Education, and co-sponsored the ten editions of the Soil Classification and Correlation Meeting. In the last years it is also increasing the number of regional meetings organized by the regional nuclei. In 2011, during the Brazilian Congress of Soil Science, a new Board of Directors (known as the Council) was elected. Since then the Society is setting up a modernization process in its structures and external relations through a renewed statute and new by-laws. The Council, composed by 20 members, is developing an agenda and strategic planning for the next years that reinforces that the Society should aim to: (a) become more influent in Brazilian environmental public policies, (b) reach leadership in public soil awareness in a continental-sized country like Brazil and (c) interact more actively with other scientific societies due to the transdisciplinary nature of Soil Science, and work hard to go out of the agronomical box. At present, the society is busy with the organization of the 21st World Congress of Soil Science to happen in 2018, for the first time in Brazil. Preceding it the Society is organizing a wide range of activities and events to celebrate and call public attention to Soils, in special on the occasion of the International Year of Soils, in 2017.

  13. Una contribución al estudio de la nueva inmigración africana subsahariana en la Argentina Uma contribuição ão estudo da nova imigração desde Africa Subsahariana à Argentina A contribution to study the immigration from Sub Saharan Africa to Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta M. Maffia

    2010-07-01

    , melhor se podem superar as limitações.Even though in Argentina we have immigrants from Sub Saharan Africa arriving at the end of the Nineteenth Century and beginning of the Twentieth Century such as those from South Africa and Cape Verde, this new immigration from Senegal, Nigeria, Cameroon, Ghana, among other countries, during the last decade of the Twentieth Century and first decade of the Twenty-first Century appears in a different historical and political context. This new migration is facing legal regimes and increasingly restrictive administrative by-laws, framed in the growing economic globalization. This work is part of the first results of a research on this migration from an anthropological perspective. This study, which began in 2009, takes into account contributions made by history, political sciences, demography, among other disciplines, making use of articles written by African and Non-African social scientists. We are convinced that in this exchange of views our limitations may be overcome.

  14. Energy: decentralized production and sustainable development of territories.... Tomorrow: which roles for the local organizations? Proceedings; Energie: production decentralisee et developpement durable des territoires.... Demain: quels roles pour les collectivites locales? Recueil des interventions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Labrousse, M. [Cabinet Explicit, 75 - Paris (France); Magnin, G. [Energie-Cites, 25 - Besancon (France)

    2002-07-01

    - will Dunkerque city consume its own power generation?; an electric power syndicate with a decentralized power production strategy. Workshop 10 - the power transportation grid and the decentralized production; decentralized production and coordinated approach of networks management. Workshop 11 - an example of district heating network which simultaneously valorizes wastes, biomass and cogeneration; district heating networks: advantages and drawbacks. Workshop 12 - the access to energy in the rural areas of developing countries; the intervention procedures of a cooperation program. Workshop 13 - simulation of power demand in Grenoble city; an example of mastery of power demand/decentralized power production in a rural territory: the Saint Nicolas island of Glenan archipelago (Brittany); the 'mastery of power demand and renewable energy sources development' project in the eastern area of the Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur region. Workshop 14 - how to evaluate the economical advantage of distributed power production: the contradictory opinion of the producer and of the power company; the tariffs of power purchase; the example of a local power and heat distribution company: UEM. Workshop 15 - value of the heat produced from renewable energy sources, insertion in the energy market; simultaneous power and heat production from wood: impact of the biomass tariff by-law from April 2002; integration of external costs in energy choices. Workshop 16 - decentralized power production: to answer which development needs?; a society responsibility for a vital product; the wind power to supply the basic needs of the population. (J.S.)

  15. Fıtrat Hadisi’nin Osmanlı'nın Devşirme Sisteminde Hayata Aksedişi 'The Hadith of Fitrah’ And How It Is Reflected On Life Ottoman’s Devshirme System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa IŞIK

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The hadith, ‘Every child is born to Fitrah; then parents converthis/her to Judaism, Christianity or Zoroastrianism’, is in basic Islamicscience called ‘The hadith of Fitrah’. In Islamic literature, it has beenrevealed a lot of opinion about this hadith from past to present. Thepoint of view about the ‘The hadith of Fitrah’ in the classic sources ofhadith literature and hadith imams are more emphasized on thefollowing question ‘When the dead child what will happen the religiousand judicial position of his/her’. But, hadith scientists and someinterdisciplinary Islam scientists believe that Fitrah is ‘common basicreligious foundation of mankind’. Depending on this opinion; we thinkthat ‘The hadith of Fitrah’ is coinciding with devshirme enforcement inOttoman Empire. In this research, we want to evaluate the devshirmesystem as a historic event practiced in Ottoman Empire. Wehypothesize that, Ottoman Empire take into consideration of religiousaspects of this event before put it on a system based on law, bylaw andregulations; they may be moved based on fact of Fitrah, owing to thestrong muscles and hardworking brain of devshirme persons. Thispractice specifically served for governance, and served mankind ingeneral. We showed that, although there is a procedure differences,there are some parallelism between Ottoman Empire, which is a worldstate in the past, and USA, which is a world state in today's conditions.The similarity in practice and reaching common point between two bigcivilizations, they took place different centuries, different geographiesand there is no resemblance to each other, the truth is that theeducation is main determiner. The aim of this article is not only tomention a historic phenomenon but also meaning of Fitrah and its’validity to repeat based on this historic event. In this article, wediscussed Fitrah expression, namely regarding to the unchangingnature of human beings, and the effect of education

  16. News and Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-06-01

    the innovations and integration of technology in the world of science education. The lectures, discussions, and workshops that formed the conference involved Ontario public and private schools and took place at Appleby College, Oakville, Ontario, in February 1999. Speakers were chosen to compliment the specific theme of technology in the classroom. STEP provided the opportunity for all the schools in Ontario to become one large community working toward a better future in teaching methods. Although the conference is over for this year, communication is still strong. A bigger and better STEP is planned for Friday, February 4, 2000. For more details please contact B. O'Leary, Head, Science and Technology Department, Appleby College, Oakville, Ontario L6K 3P1, Canada; boleary@appleby.on.ca. ACS Division of Chemical Education: 1999 Election of Officers Candidates for the 1999 annual election of Division officers for 2000 are listed below. Ballots will be mailed for arrival in late August or early September. Ballots must be received by the Secretary by October 1, 1999. Both ACS and affiliate members of the Division may vote for the offices of Chair-Elect and Treasurer in this election as a result of a recent change in the bylaws, approved in the 1997 election. Only ACS members may vote for Councilor/Alternate Councilor, since this is an ACS as well as a DivCHED office. For Chair-Elect (Chair in 2001) Arlene Russell, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA Conrad Stanitski, University of Central Arkansas, Conway, AR Treasurer Frank Torre, Springfield College, Springfield, MA Anna Wilson, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN Councilor/Alternate Councilor Craig Bowen, Clemson University, Clemson, SC Mark Freilich, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN Marcy Towns, Ball State University, Muncie, IN Carol White, Athens Area Technical Institute, Athens, GA