WorldWideScience

Sample records for byg statens byggeforskningsinstitut

  1. Praksisorienteret forskningsformidling via et offentligt website:Refleksioner over metoder anvendt i forbindelse med rekonstruktion af website for By og Byg (Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut)

    OpenAIRE

    Kirkeskov, Jesper

    2004-01-01

    I dialog med brugerne gennemføres en videreudvikling af By og Bygs website, www.by-og-byg.dk, som primært henvender sig til professionelle praktikere der beskæftiger sig med byggeriet og det byggede miljø. Ex ante antages det at såvel navigationsstruktur som søgefaciliteter skal rekonstrueres. Projektet er stærkt empirisk orienteret og omfatter både undersøgelser af brugerbehov og afprøvning af en prototype. I forlængelse af denne empiri indeholder afhandlingen en række refleksioner over de a...

  2. Anvendelse af alternative isoleringsmaterialer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2003-01-01

    Resume af By og Byg Anvisning 207 om anvendelse af alternative isoleringsmaterialer, udarbejdet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut under udviklingsprogrammet "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"......Resume af By og Byg Anvisning 207 om anvendelse af alternative isoleringsmaterialer, udarbejdet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut under udviklingsprogrammet "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  3. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF BYG SEARCH ENGINES

    OpenAIRE

    Kailash Kumar

    2013-01-01

    This paper compares the retrieval effectiveness of the Bing, Yahoo and Google (BYG) Search Engines. The precision and relative recall of each search engine was considered for evaluating the effectiveness of the search engines. General Queries were tested. Results of the study showed that the precision of Google was high as compared to other two search engines and Yahoo has better precision than Bing

  4. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF BYG SEARCH ENGINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kailash Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares the retrieval effectiveness of the Bing, Yahoo and Google (BYG Search Engines. The precision and relative recall of each search engine was considered for evaluating the effectiveness of the search engines. General Queries were tested. Results of the study showed that the precision of Google was high as compared to other two search engines and Yahoo has better precision than Bing

  5. Staten Israels oprettelse gav genlyd i folkekirken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lausten, Martin Schwarz

    2008-01-01

    Reaktioner i Indre Mission, Den danske Israelsmission og hos Grubndtvigianere på zionisme og staten Israels oprettelse.......Reaktioner i Indre Mission, Den danske Israelsmission og hos Grubndtvigianere på zionisme og staten Israels oprettelse....

  6. InnoBYG case-samling fra udviklingsprojektet Bæredygtige Forretningsmodeller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maslesa, Esmir; Thomsen, Anders; Thuesen, Christian; Arnklit, Signe Raymond

    Denne casesamling er en del af InnoBYGs udviklingsprojekt “Bæredygtige forretningsmodeller i byggeriet”.......Denne casesamling er en del af InnoBYGs udviklingsprojekt “Bæredygtige forretningsmodeller i byggeriet”....

  7. Case03: BIM hos driftsherre og byg- og driftsherrerådgiver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Flemming; Karlshøj, Jan; Hauch, Peter; Lambrecht, Jan; Mouritsen, Jan

    Casen repræsenterer et koncept, hvor både byg- og driftsherren og en byg- og driftsherrerådgiver er aktive i anvendelsen af en BIM-orienteret arbejdsmetode og modelbaserede værktøjer, som omfatter følgende aktiviteter: Design, Projektering, Udbud/tilbud, produktionsforberedelse, Udførelse og Drift....... UCC er byg- og driftsherre og Archiwise byg- og driftsherrerådgiver....

  8. NanoByg - a survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch; Molin, Måns J.

    NanoByg is a pre-project funded by the private strategic foundation Realdania running in the period November 2006 until March 2007. The pre-project looks into the perspectives and potentials of nanotechnology in Danish construction. The purpose is to establish a basis for discussion on a potential...... initiative within nanoconstruction (termed NanoByg), with RealDania as well as varies ministries and other funding agents.. The pre-project also seeks to establish knowledge of and links between the nano science community and the construction industry to facilitate future cooperation between these areas....

  9. Statens blik – blikket på staten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ivarsson, Søren; Rud, Søren

    2016-01-01

    I denne artikel bruger vi en præsentation af James Scotts klassiker Seeing Like a State som indgang til at diskutere den statsopfattelse, som præger Scotts indflydelsesrige forfatterskab. Det er ikke ufortjent, at Seeing Like a State har haft en betydelig gennemslagskraft. Bogen er båret af et...... forbilledligt klart argument, der underbygges gennem en række empiriske eksempler med imponerende geografisk og tidslig spændvidde. Scotts argumentation er desuden knyttet til et politisk budskab, som har haft en stærk appel i en periode, hvor det står klart, at højmodernismens ambitiøse forsøg på at forme en...... bedre verden til tider er endt i fiasko. Imidlertid rejser en nærlæsning af Scotts argumenter en række spørgsmål om karakteren af den stat, som på mange måder er udgangspunktet for hans undersøgelse. Vi tænker her dels på, at staten, i Scotts optik, optræder som en monolit, der af natur er repressiv og...

  10. BYG-PRO Projekt større byggeri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Birte Møller

    2013-01-01

    .000-5.000 m2 Metoder til skitsering og innovation indlæres ved rumlige tegninger af byggeri og detaljer. Byggeriets faseforløb. Grupper fremlægger hver sin fase for klassen. Projektet tager udgangspunkt i fagligheden fra BYG-2. Fagspecifik viden anvendes ved projektering i udvalgte projektfaser. Der arbejdes...

  11. NanoByg - a survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction. Executive summary in English

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch; Molin, Måns J.

    This is an executive summary of the Risoe report, Risø-R-1602 (EN), with the title ''NanoByg - A survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction''.......This is an executive summary of the Risoe report, Risø-R-1602 (EN), with the title ''NanoByg - A survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction''....

  12. NanoByg - a survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction. Executive summary, dansk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch; Molin, Måns J.

    Denne tekst er et Executive summary af Risø rapporten, ''NanoByg - A survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction''. (Risø-R-1602 (EN), 72 p.)......Denne tekst er et Executive summary af Risø rapporten, ''NanoByg - A survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction''. (Risø-R-1602 (EN), 72 p.)...

  13. Post-Recession Housing Crisis on Staten Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo Re, Mary L.

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates the experience of Staten Island's diverse urban communities with limited financial resources regarding access to affordable housing after the 2008 economic downturn. It details a successful partnership in researching the challenges faced in these communities and offers recommendations for the targeting of resources to…

  14. Evaluation of the BYG Carba Test, a New Electrochemical Assay for Rapid Laboratory Detection of Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogaerts, Pierre; Yunus, Sami; Massart, Marion; Huang, Te-Din; Glupczynski, Youri

    2016-02-01

    Accurate detection of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) constitutes a major laboratory diagnostic challenge. We evaluated an electrochemical technique (the BYG Carba test) which allows detection of CPE in less than 35 min. The BYG Carba test was first validated in triplicate against 57 collection isolates with previously characterized β-lactam resistance mechanisms (OXA-48, n = 12; KPC, n = 8; NDM, n = 8; VIM, n = 8; IMP, n = 3; GIM, n = 1; GES-6, n = 1; no carbapenemase, n = 16) and against a panel of 10 isolates obtained from the United Kingdom National External Quality Assessment Service (NEQAS). The test was then evaluated prospectively against 324 isolates referred to the national reference center for suspicion of CPE. The BYG Carba test results were compared with those obtained with the Carba NP test using multiplex PCR sequencing as the gold standard. Of the 57 collection and the 10 NEQAS isolates, all but one GES-6-producing isolate were correctly identified by the Carba BYG test. Among the 324 consecutive Enterobacteriaceae isolates tested prospectively, 146 were confirmed as noncarbapenemase producers by PCR while 178 harbored a carbapenemase gene (OXA-48, n = 117; KPC, n = 25; NDM, n = 23; and VIM, n = 13). Prospectively, in comparison with PCR results, the BYG Carba test displayed 95% sensitivity and 100% specificity versus 89% and 100%, respectively, for the Carba NP test. The BYG Carba test is a novel, rapid, and efficient assay based on an electro-active polymer biosensing technology discriminating between CPE and non-CPE. The precise electrochemical signal (electrochemical impedance variations) allows the establishment of real-time objective measurement and interpretation criteria which should facilitate the accreditation process of this technology. PMID:26637378

  15. ZeroWaste BYG: Redesigning construction materials towards zero waste society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkelund, Gunvor Marie; Schmidt, Jacob Wittrup; Ottosen, Lisbeth M.;

    2014-01-01

    The ZeroWaste research group (www.zerowaste.byg.dtu.dk) at the Department of Civil Engineering was established in 2012 and covers the broad range of expertise required for turning waste materials into attractive, new materials. Members of the group have developed methods for removal of heavy metals...... and phosphorous from waste incineration, sewage sludge and other bio ashes [1], providing the basis to make these ash types an attractive, new material for the building sector.The amount of waste increases and it is both difficult and expensive to handle many waste types as e.g.different ashes. At the...... same time there are fewer natural resources and the general consumption increases. We wish to utilize alternative and new ash types as raw material in concrete, similarly to what was previously seen with fly ash from coal combustion and microsilica, which were both transformed from problematic waste to...

  16. Luftforureninger ved anvendelse af alternative isoleringsmaterialer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2003-01-01

    Resume af rapport om luftforureninger ved anvendelse af alternative isoleringsmaterialer, udarbejdet af Arbejdsmiljøinstituttet og Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"......Resume af rapport om luftforureninger ved anvendelse af alternative isoleringsmaterialer, udarbejdet af Arbejdsmiljøinstituttet og Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  17. Papirisolering. Varmeisoleringsevne målt med varmestrømsmåler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2001-01-01

    Resume af rapport om varmeisoleringsevne af papirisolering, udarbejdet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"......Resume af rapport om varmeisoleringsevne af papirisolering, udarbejdet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  18. Halmhuse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2004-01-01

    Resume af rapport om halmhuses udformning og materialeegenskaber, udarbejdet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"......Resume af rapport om halmhuses udformning og materialeegenskaber, udarbejdet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  19. Hvordan kan staten fremme innovation, der fører til bæredygtige energisystemer?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Helle Ørsted; Pedersen, Anders Branth

    2013-01-01

    kan fremme innovation, der sikrer en sådan omstilling. Artiklen undersøger, om nyere systemiske transitionsteorier indebærer en reformulering af statens rolle i innovationsprocesser sammenlignet med traditionelle økonomiske teorier om innovationsfremme. Det gør den dels gen-nem teori-review, dels...

  20. Evaluation of Statens Serum Institut Enteric Medium for Detection of Enteric Pathogens

    OpenAIRE

    Blom, Marianne; Meyer, Aase; Gerner-Smidt, Peter; Gaarslev, Knud; Espersen, Frank

    1999-01-01

    The efficacy of the Statens Serum Institut (SSI) enteric medium for isolation and direct identification of enteric pathogens was evaluated. Six different biochemical reactions can be read by using the SSI enteric medium, allowing direct identification of a range of enteric pathogens. All 248 gram-negative bacterial species that were tested grew on the SSI enteric medium. Only 10 of 248 bacteria (4%) showed discrepant results in the biochemical reactions, and none of these were enteric pathoge...

  1. Bukken og havresekken? : en analyse av forholdet mellom Statoil og staten

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Bukken og havresekken? Forholdet mellom Statoil og staten. I dag er petroleumsindustrien den industrien som har mest betydning for norsk økonomi. På mange måter er det slik i verden at den som kontrollerer oljen har makt. Den økende økonomiske betydningen av petroleumsindustrien førte til en økning av industriens politiske betydning. Direkte statlig engasjement i petroleumsindustrien var ikke noe særnorsk fenomen, men Norge har en større statlig eierandel i næringslivet enn land som det ...

  2. Alternativ isolering i bygninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2001-01-01

    Resume af rapport om målinger på alternative isoleringsmaterialer i bygninger, udgivet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut (SBI meddelelse 128) under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"......Resume af rapport om målinger på alternative isoleringsmaterialer i bygninger, udgivet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut (SBI meddelelse 128) under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  3. Sætningsfri indblæsning af løsfyldsisolering i vægge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2001-01-01

    Resume af rapport om sætningsfri indblæsning af løsfyldsisolering i vægge, udarbejdet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"......Resume af rapport om sætningsfri indblæsning af løsfyldsisolering i vægge, udarbejdet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  4. Territorial classification of indigenous Amazon: Contributions from the diversity to The Colombian state-nation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author mention that In the last years the globalization, the internationalization of the economy, the post-modernity and their relationships to each other and with the local thing they have monopolized good part of the attention of the academic discussions, being the topic of the identity one of the privileged fields of analysis. In these discussions it has been emphasized in the crisis of the pattern, intellectual, cultural, political and economic, that consolidated the state-nation. A lot it has also been written on how the historical development of the capitalism needed this consolidation and that of some national markets, of some centers of power and of accumulation of the capital and of some dependent peripheries to expand. In this consolidation process, the state-nation compared The Nation with a dominant ethnic group or with the integration of a block of dominant classes of diverse ethnic groups that they concentrated its efforts on to erase or to tinge the ethnic differences of its respective country, in homogenizing its socio-cultural manifestations and in transforming some symbols common to the whole population

  5. That is children’s right – isn’t it? : How does Statens Barnehus bring forward children’s rights to be heard?

    OpenAIRE

    Tuveng, Marthe Rise

    2013-01-01

    Through qualitative analysis with basis in a theoretical framework constructed by perspectives from sociology of childhood and Freeman and Dwyer’s understanding of children’s rights, this thesis contributes to in depth knowledge and critical analysis of actors perspectives and experience with Statens Barnehus forwarding children’s rights. This thesis has the aim to explore and examine the role of Statens Barnehus and their work with abused children.Through 8 in-depth interviews this thesis se...

  6. Samband mellan personlighet och arbetstrivsel hos personal inom Statens institutionsstyrelse : En enkätstudie om personlighet och arbetstrivsel

    OpenAIRE

    Persson, Junette

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate possible correlations and predictions between job satisfaction and personality factors based on the five factor model (FFM) (Neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness) among employees at Statens institutionsstyrelse (SiS). SiS is a demanding workplace and the employee turnover is high. Previous research shows that employee turnover due to low job satisfaction may correlate to personality factors based on FFM. The sample c...

  7. Lung cancer trends: smoking, obesity, and sex assessed in the Staten Island University’s lung cancer patients

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, Shilpi; Hassan, Samer; Bhatt, Vijaya R.; Abdul Sater, Houssein; Dilawari, Asma

    2014-01-01

    Introduction The incidence of lung cancer in the United States decreased by 1.8% from 1991 to 2005 while it increased by 0.5% in females. We assessed whether nonsmokers afflicted with lung cancer at Staten Island University Hospital are disproportionately female in comparison to national averages. We also evaluated different factors including race, histology, and body mass index (BMI) in correlation with smoking history. Methods A retrospective chart review was conducted from 2005 to 2011 on ...

  8. Statens helseundersøkelser: Fra tuberkulosekamp til mangesidig epidemiologisk virksomhet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kjell Bjartveit

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGI 1940 ble skjermbildefotografering tatt i bruk i tuberkulosearbeidet. Statens skjermbildefotografering bleopprettet i 1943 for at dette helsetilbudet kunne nå frem til alle. Fra 1952 var virksomheten landsdekkende.Screeningen ble utført av team som besøkte alle kommuner med buss eller båt. Resultatene ble meddelt den lokalehelsetjeneste, som tok seg av oppfølgingen.I 1962 ble Det sentrale tuberkuloseregister opprettet. Fra 1969 ble totalundersøkelsene gradvis avløst av selektivetuberkuloseundersøkelser. Risiko ble beregnet på grunnlag av resultater fra tidligere masseundersøkelser, ogbare personer med relativt høy risiko ble innbudt.På 1950-60-tallet ble undersøkelsene utvidet med enkelte større epidemiologiske prosjekter. I 1970-80-åreneble det gjennomført omfattende kartlegginger av risikofaktorer for hjerte-karsykdom i tre fylker, og i 1985 startetdet såkalte 40-åringsprogrammet, som fra 1993 er landsomfattende. Alle kommuner besøkes med tre års intervall.Ved hver runde innbys alle personer 40-42 år til undersøkelse mhp. kardiovaskulær risiko. Undersøkelsene er entotalpakke som omfatter overvåking, forskning, undervisning og forebygging ved masse- og høyrisikostrategi.I 1986 ble navnet endret til Statens helseundersøkelser. Institusjonen er i dag engasjert i mangesidig virksomhetinnenfor forebygging og epidemiologi. Epidemiologisk forskning, rådgivning og helseopplysning spiller ensentral rolle. Opp gjennom årene er det samlet en unik datakilde som burde ha vært utnyttet mer inngående.Bjartveit K. The National Health Screening Service: From fight against tuberculosis to many-sidedepidemiological activities. Nor J Epidemiol 1997; 7 (2: 157-174. ENGLISH SUMMARYFrom 1940 miniature chest X-ray screening was used in tuberculosis work. In 1943 the National Mass RadiographyService was established so that this health measure could be offered everyone. From 1952 onwards thisservice covered the entire

  9. BYG-1. Lavt boligbyggeri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Birte Møller

    2010-01-01

    Teoretisk indlæring i myndighedskrav, lokalplankrav og BR-krav til 1½ etages énfamiliehuse. Skitsering, udformning, bygningsdesign og projektering. Projektorienteret gruppearbejde. 15% forelæsninger 85% dialogbaseret projektvejledning Semester: 1. Omfang: 15% af 15 ects Klasse str: 30-65...

  10. BYG-2. Erhvervsbyggeri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Birte Møller

    2010-01-01

    Energirigtig projektering af større erhvervsbyggeri. Introduktion til BR-krav vedr. adgangsforhold, tilgængelighed, brandforhold, dagslys. Introduktion til bygningsfysik og husbygningsdetaljer i klimaskærmen. Øvelsesopgaver indenfor brand, dagslys og husbygningsdetaljer. Arkitektur og Husbygning....

  11. STATEN predictions in a CDFR subassembly and the use of simulated outlet temperatures to test decision-making techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to gauge the viability of temperature noise as a blockage detection method the axially changing geometry of a CDFR subassembly outlet region is modelled using STATEN. Five linked axial stages are used, each with different velocities and assumptions of turbulence values, covering the venturi shield region and incorporating the effect of an orientation bar. A number of different intra-bundle blockage sizes, in corner and central locations, together with various cross-subassembly temperature tilts, are used to estimate the corresponding temperature profiles at the bundle exit. These are then input to STATEN to produce simulated temperature signals on the subassembly axis at its outlet. Investigations are made into the performance of an automatic decision technique - the Adaptive Learning Network (ALN) - using these simulated temperature signals. It is demonstrated that, under the assumptions made in the simulation, it is possible for one ALN, trained on data from all blockage and tilt conditions, to detect a 6% blockage with a high probability. (author)

  12. Notes from the Field: Thyrotoxicosis After Consumption of Dietary Supplements Purchased Through the Internet--Staten Island, New York, 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regina, Angela; Majlesi, Nima

    2016-04-01

    On June 18, 2015, a woman aged 30 years was brought to the Staten Island University Hospital Emergency Department (ED) in New York by her mother, who reported that the patient had become acutely confused at home, was repeating herself, and did not recognize her family members. She had a diagnosis of bipolar disorder for which she took lithium, and she had a history notable for polysubstance abuse (use of three or more addictive drugs in the past 12 months). Her other medications included risperidone (an antipsychotic), benztropine (an anticholinergic), and bupropion (an antidepressant). ED staff members learned from the patient's mother that the patient had started taking "diet pills" that contained a thyroid hormone, which the patient had purchased through the Internet 2 weeks earlier. The patient volunteered that she had doubled the dosage 1 week earlier, in an attempt to lose more weight. PMID:27054849

  13. Lung cancer trends: smoking, obesity, and sex assessed in the Staten Island University’s lung cancer patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gupta S

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Shilpi Gupta,1 Samer Hassan,1 Vijaya R Bhatt,2 Houssein Abdul Sater,1 Asma Dilawari31Hematology-Oncology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA; 2Hematology-Oncology, Nebraska Medical Ctr, Omaha, NE, USA; 3Hematology-Oncology, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Olney, Maryland, USAIntroduction: The incidence of lung cancer in the United States decreased by 1.8% from 1991 to 2005 while it increased by 0.5% in females. We assessed whether nonsmokers afflicted with lung cancer at Staten Island University Hospital are disproportionately female in comparison to national averages. We also evaluated different factors including race, histology, and body mass index (BMI in correlation with smoking history.Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted from 2005 to 2011 on 857 patients. Patients were divided into two groups according to their smoking status: current or ever-smokers, and former or never-smokers. A chi-square test for categorical data and multivariate logistic regression analyses was used to study the relation between BMI and the other clinical and demographic data.Results: Forty-nine percent of patients were men and 51% were women with a mean age at diagnosis of 67.8 years. Current smokers were most common (50.2% followed by ever-smokers (18.2%, former smokers (15.8% and never-smokers (15.6%. Forty eight percent had stage IV lung cancer upon presentation. Never-smokers with lung cancer were 24 times more likely to be females. However, the proportion of female former smokers (31.6% was lower than the proportion of male former smokers (68.4% (P=0.001. There was no significant association between American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC stage, sex, race, and histological type in the two smoking groups. Current/ever-smokers tended to be younger at age of diagnosis (P=0.0003. BMI was lower in the current/ever-smokers (26.8 kg/m2 versus former/never-smokers (28.8 in males (P=0.0005. BMI was significantly higher in

  14. Staten som förebild? : om planer, insatser och utfall i 17 myndigheters arbete med etnisk mångfald

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Rapporten Staten som förebild? handlar om efterlevnaden av  rikspolitikernas regelstyrning och arbetet med etnisk mångfald vid myndigheter. Den övergripande tanken är att ta integrationspolitiken på allvar, både genom att ge konkret innehåll åt målsättningen om staten som förebild när det gäller etnisk mångfald, och genom att undersöka denna målsättnings efterlevnad. Tanken är också att göra nya lärdomar inför det fortsatta utvecklingsarbetet. Planer, insatser och utfall står i fokus i rappor...

  15. Clean energy and sustainable building in the west of the USA; Schone energie en duurzaam bouwen in het westen van de Verenigde Staten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van den Heuvel, J. [TWA Netwerk, San Francisco (United States)

    2012-01-15

    In preparation of an upcoming public-private partnership in the field of clean energy and sustainable building, a team of the Consulate General of San Francisco made several exploratory visits to stakeholders in the west of the United States. This article reports on a number of findings [Dutch] In voorbereiding op een aanstaande privaat-publieke samenwerking op het vlak van schone energie en duurzaam bouwen bracht een team van het Consulaat Generaal van San Francisco in de afgelopen maanden verkennende bezoeken aan belangwekkende partijen in het westen van de Verenigde Staten. In dit artikel wordt een aantal bevindingen daarvan nader uitgelicht.

  16. Dimensionering af varme- og ventilationsanlæg til stalde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, J.

    Fra tid til anden har der været rejst kritik af de dimensioneringsregler vedrørende varme- og ventilationsanlæg i staldbygninger, som er udarbejdet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut. En af årsagerne hertil er måske, at der fra instituttets side ikke er gjort tilstrækkelig godt rede for, på hvilk...

  17. Bygningsakustik 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, J.

    Med denne anvisning om bygningsakustik er forsøgsvis indledt et samarbejde mellem Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole og Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut om udsendelse af publikationer til brug for undervisningen af arkitektstuderende. Selvom anvisningen således er begrænset i sit hovedsigte, er det udg...

  18. Byg det op”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falkenberg, Helene; Juelskjær, Malou

    2015-01-01

    læringsledelsen spatialiseres i en specifik udgave – den parkouriseres. Med parkouriseringen ’hacker’ læringsledelsen sig ind på et fænomen (parkour), som ikke har noget med skole at gøre. Denne indirekte form at fremme læring på, er et sindebillede på en ledelsestendens – også i en reformtid, og derfor en...

  19. [Johan Engström. Revals Befästningsdhistoria sedd utifrån en maquett från 1682. Statens försvarshistoriska museer 2011. Skrift nr 17. ] / Ragnar Nurk, Robert Treufeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurk, Ragnar

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Johan Engström. Revals Befästningsdhistoria sedd utifrån en maquett från 1682. Statens försvarshistoriska museer 2011. Skrift nr 17. 2011. Rootsi-aegsestest kindlustustest. Hilisema perioodi kindlustustest

  20. The constitution of partnering:a Foucauldian analysis of dispositives, space and order in Danish construction

    OpenAIRE

    Gottlieb, Stefan Christoffer

    2010-01-01

    Denne afhandling er udarbejdet som led i betingelserne for at opnå ph.d.-graden ved Danmarks Tekniske Universitet. Afhandlingen er resultatet af et ph.d.-studium gennemført i perioden marts 2006 til marts 2009 ved DTU Management, Sektionen for Planlægning og Ledelse af Byggeri samt ved Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut, Aalborg Universitet, Afdelingen for Byggeri og Sundhed. Afhandlingens engelske titel 'The constitution of partnering' refererer til den dobbelttydighed, der er det centrale omdr...

  1. Markedets endelige slag mod staten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Lasse Folke; Christensen, Pil

    2014-01-01

    Selskabet for Kritisk Samfundsanalyse Den vordende Transatlantiske Handels-og Investeringsaftale mellem EU og USA (TTIP) er endnu et forsøg på at sparke væksten i gang gennem mindre regulering af markederne - på bekostning af demokratiet. Den stat, der tidligere dannede rammen for markedet...

  2. Gensplejsning af byg uden brug af selektionsgener

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holme, Inger B; Brinch-Pedersen, Henrik; Lange, Mette;

    2008-01-01

    Genetisk modificerede planter indeholder som regel gener, som gør planten modstandsdygtig overfor enten et ukrudtsmiddel eller et antibiotikum. Disse gener, som benyttes i forbindelse med selektion af genetisk modificerede celler, er generelt uønskede i planter, som skal dyrkes kommercielt. En ny...... metode gør det muligt at fremstille genetisk modificerede bygplanter uden brug af selektionsgener. Udgivelsesdato: Juni 2008...

  3. Byg og hold bøtte!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.

    2009-01-01

    Anmeldelse af en bog, der gennemgår forskellige receptioner af Ludwig Mies van der Rohes arkitektur ud fra forskellige filosofiske og kulturkritiske vinkler. Bogen har som særlig dagsorden af genoverveje den kritiske teoris status på feltet mellem arkitektur og kulturkritik og følger de rene, min...

  4. Byg-din-egen-bamse-økonomien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jantzen, Christian; Vetner, Mikael

    2010-01-01

    I løbet af de seneste årtier har oplevelsesøkonomien bevæget sig mere og mere i retning af den såkaldte affektive økonomi. Rationalet bag den affektive økonomi bygger på at udtrykke og bekræfte køberens identitet –  en af grundtankerne er, at investeringen af personlige relationer i forhold til v...

  5. By og Byg Resultater 005.Facaderenovering med glas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wittchen, Kim Bjarne

    Målinger i et forsøgsbyggeri med glasinddækkede altaner viser, at det er muligt at opnå store energibesparelser. Dette er sikret ved glasinddækkede altaner, luftsolfanger til forvarmning af ventilationsluften, udskiftning af vinduerne og opsætning af energialarmer. Samtidig har det været muligt a...

  6. UDVIKLING AF CDIO I DESIGN BUILD KURSUS PÅ DTU BYG

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jørgen Erik

    2009-01-01

    2008 gik Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU) i gang med CDIO konceptet i processen for at reformere diplomingeniør uddannelsen med den hensigt at uddanne de studerende til at blive bedre og mere effektive ingeniører. Formålet med ingeniøruddannelsen er at udvikle en undervisningsform, der er tilpasset...... reformere og udvikle de ønskede kvalifikationer for ingeniører [Crawley et al – 2007] [DTU – 2007]. På denne baggrund er CDIO konceptet blevet udviklet for at skabe en kvalitetssikring og udvikling af ingeniøruddannelser. Konceptet tager udgangspunkt i ingeniørens virkelige verden, og CDIO beskriver den...... udviklingsproces, som ingeniørens problemløsning gennemgår. Begrebet CDIO er en forkortelse af de engelske ord: ”Conceive- Design- Implement- Operate”. Udviklingsprocessen består således af fire faser: • Begrebsafklare (Conceive) – her forstås problemet, og det belyses, ideer skabes, og behov afdækkes. • Designe...

  7. UDVIKLING AF CDIO I DESIGN BUILD KURSUS PÅ DTU BYG

    OpenAIRE

    Christensen, Jørgen Erik

    2009-01-01

    En af de store udfordringer ved moderne undervisning for ingeniørstuderende er behovet for undervisningslektioner af høj kvalitet på en måde, så emnet præsenteres på en interessant og engageret måde. Førhen var det traditionelle format for undervisningslektioner 45 minutters monolog fra en underviser, hvor interaktionen mellem underviser og studerende var af varierende omfang. Undersøgelser har vist at denne slags undervisning rummer nogle svagheder, og der er derfor et behov for at supplere ...

  8. LED-lys til ældre: Lys, trivsel og alder - Hvordan hænger det sammen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sander, Birgit Agnes; Kessel, Line; Ahmad, Hajer;

    forbedre søvnkvaliteten og dermed øge trivsel og aktivitetsniveau. Samtidig har markedet fået helt nye lyskilder som LED. De giver langt flere muligheder, end vi har været vant til med gløde- og halogenpærer og sparepærer. Glostrup Hospitals Øjenafdeling, DTU Fotonik, Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut, Gate...... 21 med flere har i forskningsprojektet ‘LED-lys til ældre’ belyst sammenhængen mellem alder, synsevne, indretning og nye lyskilder. I november 2013 installerede forskningsgruppen LED-lys hos 29 ældre borgere (+ 65 år) i 20 boliger i Albertslund Kommune. Den ene halvdel af boligerne fik et lysdesign...

  9. Enklare redovisning : Granskning av Statens Offentliga Utredning 2008:67

    OpenAIRE

    Lexell, Anna; Lindstedt, Kristina; Valkonen-Evertsson, Marina

    2009-01-01

    Regeringen gav år 2007 en grupp i uppdrag att leda förenklingen gällande enklare redovisning som en del av det stora förenklingsarbetet i Sverige. Förenklingsarbetet går ut på att sänka de administrativa lagreglerade kostnaderna för svenska företag med 25 procent till 2010. Under 2008 presenterades en av åtgärderna inom förenklingsarbetet; ”Delbetänkandet om Enklare redovisning – SOU 2008:67”. Några av de föreslagna förändringarna innebära att normgivande organ och i synnerhet Bokföringsnämnd...

  10. Statens rolle i dansk arbejdsløshedsforsikring

    OpenAIRE

    Frederiksen, Aske Bo; Stein Knudsen, Maria; Jensen, Tilla Slåen

    2015-01-01

    Abstract This report is a critical-realistic study of the role of the state in unemployment insurance in Denmark. The study examines the role played by the government in financing unemployment insurance and explores how the so-called activation of those with unemployment insurance has developed between 1967 and 2015. The first year under investigation is 1967 as that was the year when the Danish government took on the entire economic risk of unemployment insurance. Earlier, the eco...

  11. Folkekirkens økonomi og staten - et historisk rids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Jes Fabricius

    I.C. Christensens reform af kirken 1903-22 var især en omlægning af folkekirkens økonomi fra en feudal struktur baseret på landbrugsjord til en moderne økonomi baseret på beskatning af indkomst. Selvom det indebar de facto konfiskation af kirkelig ejendom, har det reddet folkekirkens økonomi....

  12. Utvikling og bygging av bil for deltakelse i ECO-Marathon-konkurransen

    OpenAIRE

    Bleie, Sigri Halsteinslid; Hoel, Mats; Stockfleth, Tim Mjellem

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the project has been to participate in the international competition Shell Ecomarathon Europe in 2011 with a fuel efficient car developed by master students. The goal of thework was to win in the Urban Concept Fuel Cell class.During the spring of 2011 the team worked interdisciplinary to develop and improve e.g. the controlsystem, engine, regenerative braking, rims, aerodynamic tail, suspension and brakes. The team’s work resulted in 2nd place in the Urban Concept Fuel Cell cla...

  13. Lokal forankring og bygging av nasjonal identitet - forenlige mål i utdanningsbistanden?

    OpenAIRE

    Johannessen, Øystein Lund; Lode, Kåre

    2006-01-01

    In this report the authors argue that development aid in the educational sector will have to take into account both the local socio-cultural context and the national policy of education in the recipient country, in order to reach its main goals. Consequently we think that a cultural analytic perspective on development in the educational sector is important and it must be applied on all relevant levels. It must include a critical view of the main goals of development aid compared with the main...

  14. Samtaler om kriminalitet og uønsket atferd: bygging av mestringstillit (BaM) -en kognitiv endringsmetodikk

    OpenAIRE

    Brumoen, Hallgeir; Højdahl, Torunn

    2007-01-01

    BaM is a self-efficacy enhancing method within the category of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). Central in the method is to avoid expert positioning towards the participant, who may have had the unfortunate experience of being lectured on his life. We try to avoid reactant behaviour. This handbook is addressed to facilitators in the Correctional Service. The primary objective of the method is to enhance the ability to restrain from committing (new) crime in high-risk sit...

  15. CFD study of a rotating gas-liquid separator: Design og bygging av flere mikro-dråpe generatorer

    OpenAIRE

    Stene, Mari

    2013-01-01

    Extracting Natural Gas from the reservoirs and transporting it to shore requires the gas to be pure from liquids and contaminants. These contaminants can be extracted from the gas by separators. A new separation technology, the Lynx separator, has been developed at NTNU, where a rotating element inside the separator is to capture liquid particles and introduce a centrifugal force for increasing the separation efficiency. The knowledge on how this element influences the flow and performs is li...

  16. Stúdentagarðar á Íslandi : samfélag eða bygging

    OpenAIRE

    Sara Rós Ellertsdóttir 1989

    2014-01-01

    Áhugi minn á mismunandi gerð stúdentaíbúða var kveikjan að þessari ritgerð, þ.e. form, virkni og uppbygging. Þar sem ég bjó áður erlendis finnst mér áhugavert hvernig námsmenn erlendis lifa á sínum námsárum og hvernig það líf á sinn þátt í að móta þá sem einstaklinga og bera það saman við námsmenn hér á landi. Eftir samtöl við vini, bæði hér heima og erlendis, komst ég að þeirri niðurstöðu að ástæða fyrir vali þeirra á þessu búsetuformi var sókn í það samfélag sem myndast innan bygginganna o...

  17. Het verantwoorde verschil. Intelligentiemeting in de Verenigde Staten. Historische wortels van een hedendaags vraagstuk

    OpenAIRE

    Friesen, Gérôme Lambertus

    2006-01-01

    The central question in this thesis is why standardised intelligence testing plays such a dominant part in the lives of citizens in the United States and also leads to such vicious debates between believers and non-believers of intelligence testing. Over the years a number of studies where written on this subject. Some studies suggested that the popularity of biological determinism and scientific racism at the beginning of the twentieth century gave rise to the popularity of intelligence test...

  18. Rekruttering som strategisk HR…eller? : en analyse av rekrutteringsarbeidet til Statoil og Statens vegvesen.

    OpenAIRE

    Skrivervik, André; Bluseth, Lars

    2010-01-01

    Kampen om kompetansen har fått mye oppmerksomhet både i media og arbeidsliv de siste årene. Ut fra erkjennelsen av at en virksomhets medarbeidere er dens viktigste ressurs kombinert med et arbeidsmarked med dårligere tilgang på kompetente medarbeidere, er rekruttering for alvor satt på dagsorden. På tross av dette finnes det relativt få empiriske undersøkelser som tar for seg hvordan virksomheter jobber med og organiserer sine rekrutteringsaktiviteter. I denne masteroppgaven har vi med utgang...

  19. Het verantwoorde verschil. Intelligentiemeting in de Verenigde Staten. Historische wortels van een hedendaags vraagstuk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Friesen, Gérôme Lambertus

    2006-01-01

    The central question in this thesis is why standardised intelligence testing plays such a dominant part in the lives of citizens in the United States and also leads to such vicious debates between believers and non-believers of intelligence testing. Over the years a number of studies where written o

  20. Etnisch ondernemerschap : de Chinese horecasector in Nederland en in de Verenigde Staten van Amerika

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rijkschroeff, Boudewijn Roger

    1998-01-01

    Chinese cuisine has become very familiar to Dutch society in the past few decades. Although there already existed a handful of Chinese restaurants in the Netherlands shortly after the Second World War, it was not until the 1970s that the Chinese restaurant and catering sector began to bloom. In 1960

  1. Frihed og lykke i Rousseaus retfærdiggørelse af staten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafeeq Hasan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Political philosophers tend to think that Rousseau is significant because his contractarianism anticipates Kant. However, reading Rousseau in this way requires us to ignore his frequent and emphatic appeals to the role of happiness as collective flourishing (eudaimonia in establishing the rational authority of justice. I offer a reading of Rousseau’s political theory which accounts for this eudaimonistic aspect of his thought. I argue that for Rousseau, as for Kant, obligations are structured by the autonomous willing of agents who bind themselves by the norms of reason alone. But unlike Kant, Rousseau thinks that such formal considerations of rational autonomy provide necessary but not sufficient reasons for fulfilling our duties to one another. This is because the ultimate reason for valuing individual autonomy is that it enables the flourishing of individuals insofar as they are members of a just political community.

  2. Griekenland, Portugal en volgende?: zo wordt winst genomen op nationale staten

    OpenAIRE

    Roels, Frank

    2010-01-01

    Standard & Poor has downgraded the state of Greece to non-investment level; but the ratings of the 3 agencies (Fitch, Moody's) differ. Numerous so-called financial experts and economiists working for banks and investment companies confirm the panicky climate about the solvability of Greece, Portugal, Spain - all three have socialists governments. Commercial media widely propagate these opinions. Often the banks were saved by government intervention, or their staff are under investigation for ...

  3. 76 FR 16715 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Raritan River, Arthur Kill and Their Tributaries, Staten Island...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-25

    ... FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you may submit a request... all times. Dated: March 10, 2011. Daniel A. Neptun, Rear Admiral, U.S. Coast Guard, Commander,...

  4. Ofridstid : Fäders våld, staten och den separerande familjen

    OpenAIRE

    Bruno, Linnéa

    2016-01-01

    The present thesis explores intersectional and institutional conditions for counteracting domestic violence in the Swedish welfare state. Empirically, the study focuses on professional discourses and practices concerning fathers’ violence against mothers and children in the context of separation, in three domains of practice: 1) Children’s education; 2) Disputes concerning custody, contact and residence; and 3) Welfare benefits such as financial aid. Theoretically, the study draws on feminist...

  5. F00455: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Fire Island to Staten Island, New York and New Jersey, 1999-10-13

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  6. Netiquette of Wetiquette : Zelfregulering of overheidsregulering van de elektronische snelweg in Frankrijk, Duitsland, het Verenigd Koninkrijk en de Verenigde Staten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hof, Simone van der; Koops, Bert-Jaap; Kralingen, Robert van; Prins, Corien; Schreuders, Eric

    1997-01-01

    Met het onderhavige rapport is beoogd het project "Uitgangspunten voor regulering op de elektronische snelweg" van het Ministerie van Justitie te plaatsen in een internationale en landenvergelijkende context, door na te gaan in hoeverre de Nederlandse manier van denken overeenkomsten en verschillen

  7. Assessing the state/nation distributional equity issues associated with the proposed Yucca Mountain repository: A conceptual approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper addresses one quite specific part of this broad range of issues -- the distribution of impacts to the state of Nevada and to the nation likely to be associated with the proposed Yucca Mountain repository. As such, it is one of four analyses of the overall equity problems and needs to be read in conjunction with our proposed overall framework for the equity studies and the several other specific analyses. The objective of this report is to consider how an analysis might be made of the distribution of projected outcomes between the state and nation. At the same time, it needs to be clear that no attempt will be made actually to implement the analysis that is proposed. What follows is a conceptual statement that identifies the analytical issues and problems and proposes an approach for overcoming them. Significantly, it must be remembered that this report will not address procedural equity issues between the state and nation for this is the subject of a separate analysis. 10 refs., 2 figs

  8. SSI`s review of ASAR Ringhals 2, 1994; Statens straalskyddsinstituts granskning av ASAR-rapport foer Ringhals 2, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hofvander, P.

    1995-11-01

    Swedish nuclear power reactors are subject to periodic safety reviews, ASAR. Parts of ASAR deal with questions concerning radiation protection and are therefore submitted to a review performed by the Swedish Radiation Protection Institute. This report consists of SSI`s review of ASAR Ringhals 2, 1994 . The following areas have been included in this review: Organisation, education, occupational exposures, effluents and discharges, emergency preparedness. 13 figs.

  9. Samerna, staten och rätten i Torne lappmark under 1600-talet : Makt, diskurs och representation

    OpenAIRE

    Granqvist, Karin

    2004-01-01

    This dissertation is an analysis of the cultural meeting between the Church and the Crown on the one hand, and the Sami community on the other, in a lappmark in the north of Sweden during the seventeenth century. The authorities viewed and acted towards the Sami from the standpoint of their normative system, incorporating the political/ideological discourse that existed at this time. This was implemented by means of judicial machinery that represented the Sami as indulging in immoral sexual b...

  10. 77 FR 60922 - Criminal History Check Requirements for AmeriCorps State/National, Senior Companions, Foster...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... abuse or sexual abuse, child abuse, burglary, or robbery; or perpetrated as part of a pattern or... History Check requirements without regard to the individual's access to vulnerable populations. It also... after April 21, 2011, individuals in covered positions with recurring access to vulnerable...

  11. Menneskers værdighed og livsudfoldelse er begrænset af statens ensrettede styringslogik og tomme menneskesyn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melander, Preben

    2015-01-01

    Det danske samfund befinder sig midt i en brydningstid præget af tiltagende adfærdsregulering, usikkerhed, angst og afmagt. Tilsyneladende ser vi på den ene side et opbrud i samfundets nedarvede autoriteter - religion, familie, professioner, institutioner - som sammen med det åbne globale videnss...

  12. Økologisk mælkeproduktion: Resultater fra forsøg med selvforsyning med økologisk foder

    OpenAIRE

    Mogensen, Lisbeth; Kristensen, Troels

    2001-01-01

    Ved ad libitum foder med en stor andel kløvergræsensilage af god kvalitet gav en ration med byg som tilskudsfoder den samme ydelse som en ration med rapskage og byg . Ved en mindre gunstig grovfodersituation var der en stor effekt af en A-blanding som tilskudsfoder i stedet for byg. Selv ved en stor andel ad libitum foder af god kvalitet kunne grønpiller af standard kvalitet erstatte byg på tørstofbasis uden at EKM-ydelsen faldt signifikant. Ved samme areal til rådighed pr. ko, resulterer dyr...

  13. Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority. Roles, responsibilities, crisis management and challenges in Norwegian nuclear and radiological preparedness.; Statens straalevern. Roller, ansvar, krisehaandtering og utfordringer i norsk atomberedskap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-15

    The Crisis Committee for Nuclear and Radiological Preparedness initiated a project to assess the current national preparedness regarding nuclear and radiological emergencies. The purpose of the project was to make recommendations on how to further develop the Norwegian nuclear and radiological preparedness. The Crisis Committee outlines in this report the most important areas in the further development of Norway's nuclear and radiological emergency preparedness. (Author)

  14. Den kinesiska folkrepubliken och East Turkestan Islamic Movement : En studie utav den kinesiska statens framställning av en religiös minoritetsgrupp.

    OpenAIRE

    Lund, Sara

    2015-01-01

    Since 9/11 terrorism has been much discussed both in international media and in an academic context. Countries like China have launched their own”war on terror”. The purpose of this essay will be to research how a nation like China can use terrorism and religion to motivate the marginalization of oppositional religious minorities. This will be done through a discourse analysis of YouTube videos produced in cooperation with the Chinese state that focuses on the East Turkestan Islamic Movement....

  15. Politiek door de staten : doel- of waarderationeel handelen in het besloten overleg over de Wadden en het openbaar beraad over de ecologische hoofdstructuur

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tromp, Gerbrig Heleen Maria

    2001-01-01

    POLITICS BY PROVINCE: Goal-oriented rational action or value-oriented rational action in closed debate on the Wadden region and public consultation on the ecological infrastructure General This thesis is a study of political conduct, and of provincial politics in particular. It is based on three res

  16. Calculating the Economic and Environmental Effects of Agricultural Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skop, E.; Schou, J. S.

    Projekt: Bæredygtige strategier i landbruget. Et tværfagligt forskningsprojekt med deltagelse af Statens Jordbrugsøkonomiske Institut, Statens Planteavlsforsøg, Statens Jordbrugstekniske Forsøg, Statens Husdyrsforsøg, Den Kgl. Veterinær- og Landbohøjskole og Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser....

  17. Analysis of Site-Specific Pollution from Agriculture - Economy and Nitrogen Loads in Vejle County

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, J. S.; Skop, E.

    Projekt: Bæredygtige strategier i landbruget (Sustainable strategies in agriculture). Et tværfagligt forskningsprojekt med deltagelse af Statens Jordbrugsøkonomiske Institut, Statens Planteavlsforsøg, Statens Jordbrugstekniske Forsøg, Statens Husdyrsforsøg, Den Kgl. Veterinær- og Landbohøjskole o...

  18. Case03

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Flemming; Karlshøj, Jan; Hauch, Peter; Lambrecht, Jan; Mouritsen, Jan

    Casen repræsenterer et koncept, hvor både byg- og driftsherren og en byg- og driftsherrerådgiver er aktive i anvendelsen af en BIM-orienteret arbejdsmetode og modelbaserede værktøjer, som omfatter følgende aktiviteter: Design, Projektering, Udbud/tilbud, produktionsforberedelse, Udførelse og Drift...

  19. Case04: BIM hos større entreprenør

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Flemming; Karlshøj, Jan; Hauch, Peter; Lambrecht, Jan; Mouritsen, Jan

    Casen repræsenterer et koncept, hvor både byg- og driftsherren og en byg- og driftsherrerådgiver er aktive i anvendelsen af en BIM-orienteret arbejdsmetode og modelbaserede værktøjer, som omfatter følgende aktiviteter: Design, Projektering, Udbud/tilbud, produktionsforberedelse, Udførelse og Drift...

  20. Integration af IT-forskning ved en ny gruppe ved DTU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Howard, Rob

    1999-01-01

    Objectives and formation of the IT byg group with areas for research including: integration of applications around a building model with analysis of energy and visualisation.......Objectives and formation of the IT byg group with areas for research including: integration of applications around a building model with analysis of energy and visualisation....

  1. Identification and comparative analysis of microRNAs in barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) in response to rice allelopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Changxun; Li, Yingzhe; Li, Chengxun; Li, Biliang; Ren, Yongjie; Zheng, Haiping; Zeng, Xiaomei; Shen, Lihua; Lin, Wenxiong

    2015-07-01

    Rice allelopathy is a hot topic in the field of allelopathy, and behaviour of donor allelopathic rice has been well documented. However, few study addresses response of receiver barnyardgrass (BYG). We found that expression of miRNAs relevant to plant hormone signal transduction, nucleotide excision repair and the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor and p53 signalling pathways was enhanced in BYG co-cultured with the allelopathic rice cultivar PI312777, the expression levels of these miRNAs in BYG plants were positively correlated with allelopathic potential of the co-cultured rice varieties. Treatment of BYG plants with rice-produced phenolic acids also increased miRNA expression in BYG, while treatment with rice-produced terpenoids had no obvious effect on miRNA expression. In the hydroponic system, the largest number of Myxococcus sp. was found in the growth medium containing rice with the highest allelopathic potential. The addition of phenolic acids in the hydroponic medium also increased the number of Myxococcus sp. More interestingly, inoculation with Myxococcus xanthus significantly increased miRNA expression in the treated BYG. Jointed treatments of ferulic acid and M. xanthus led to strongest growth inhibition of BYG. The results suggest that there exist involvement of Myxococcus sp. and mediation of miRNA expression in rice allelopathy against BYG. PMID:25438645

  2. Fugtfordeling i absorberende isoleringsmaterialer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2003-01-01

    Resume af rapport om fugtfordeling i absorberende isoleringsmaterialer, udarbejdet af BYG DTU under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"......Resume af rapport om fugtfordeling i absorberende isoleringsmaterialer, udarbejdet af BYG DTU under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  3. Is kidney function affecting the management of myocardial infarction? A retrospective cohort study in patients with normal kidney function, chronic kidney disease stage III–V, and ESRD

    OpenAIRE

    Saad M; Karam B; Faddoul G; El Douaihy Y; Yacoub H; Baydoun H; Boumitri C; Barakat I; Saifan C; El-Charabaty E; El Sayegh S

    2016-01-01

    Marc Saad,1 Boutros Karam,1 Geovani Faddoul,2 Youssef El Douaihy,1 Harout Yacoub,1 Hassan Baydoun,3 Christine Boumitri,1 Iskandar Barakat,1 Chadi Saifan,4 Elie El-Charabaty,4 Suzanne El Sayegh4 1Department of Internal Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, 2Department of Nephrology, Icahn School of Medicine, New York, NY, 3Department of Cardiology, Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA, 4Department of Nephrology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Islan...

  4. Procedure for determining the design value of the thermal conductivity of thermal insulation materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2002-01-01

    Resume af rapport om en nyudviklet beregningsmetode til at bestemme fugtens indflydelse på varmeledningsevnen af isoleringsmaterialer, udarbejdet af Byg DTU under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  5. Praksisorienteret forskningsformidling via et offentligt website

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkeskov, Jesper

    I dialog med brugerne gennemføres en videreudvikling af By og Bygs website, www.by-og-byg.dk, som primært henvender sig til professionelle praktikere der beskæftiger sig med byggeriet og det byggede miljø. Ex ante antages det at såvel navigationsstruktur som søgefaciliteter skal rekonstrueres...... lignende informationstunge websites med fordel vil kunne hente inspiration i den udviklede løsning. Afhandlingen beskriver endvidere en komplet rekonstruktion af By og Bygs website, inkl. en ny navigationsstruktur som imødekommer brugernes behov for en emnebaseret indgang til websitets indhold. Ved den...... forskningsrapporter i traditionel, lineær form. Ex post synes det således fortsat at være en stor udfordring at hypermediere forskningsresultater med henblik på anvendelsesorientering. Afhandlingen ledsages af en betaversion af By og Bygs ny website, som blev idriftsat april 2004 på adressen www.by-og-byg.dk ....

  6. Screening method to assess the risk of explosive spalling on fire exposed concrete

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lars Schiøtt

    2003-01-01

    At the Technical University of Denmark (BYG.DTU)a new test set-up is under development to screen various concretes to assess their risk of explosive spalling. The test exposes a standard cylinder to compressive ring stresses together with rapid heating of the cylinder end.......At the Technical University of Denmark (BYG.DTU)a new test set-up is under development to screen various concretes to assess their risk of explosive spalling. The test exposes a standard cylinder to compressive ring stresses together with rapid heating of the cylinder end....

  7. Aanslagen VS geen vorm van nieuw terrorisme : tegen terreur met simpele middelen kan veiligheidsdienst weinig doen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teszelszky, Roger; Maat, Johri H.

    2001-01-01

    Politici en media spreken sinds de aanslagen in de Verenigde Staten van het "nieuwe terrorisme". Begrijpelijk, want de gebeurtenissen in de Verenigde Staten en vooral in New York zijn van een nieuwe orde. Toch is het terrorisme dat zich daar heeft gemanifesteerd niet nieuw, maar 'slechts' een extrem

  8. Mensen in de koude oorlog; sociologische bijdrage tot onze kennis vam internationaal-politieke conflictsituaties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valkenburgh, Paul

    1964-01-01

    Samenvatting Het verschijnsel oorlog dat in het eerste gedeelte van deze studie het voornaamste object van onderzoek vormt, hebben wij omschreven als een conflict tussen staten of groepen van staten, waarbij van gewelddadige middelen gebruik wordt gemaakt om dit conflict tot een oplossing te brengen

  9. Student Day in Iran

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elling, Rasmus Christian

    2008-01-01

    Om Studerendes Dag i Iran der blev markeret med demonstrationer og protester mod statens undertrykkelse af den pro-demokratiske studenterbevægelse i Iran. Udgivelsesdato: 6/12......Om Studerendes Dag i Iran der blev markeret med demonstrationer og protester mod statens undertrykkelse af den pro-demokratiske studenterbevægelse i Iran. Udgivelsesdato: 6/12...

  10. 77 FR 70457 - Endangered Species; Marine Mammals; Receipt of Applications for Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    ... Departments and Agencies of January 21, 2009--Transparency and Open Government (74 FR 4685; January 26, 2009... (Nesoenas mayeri) Panamanian golden frog (Atelopus zeteki). Applicant: Staten Island Zoo, Staten Island, NY... (Crotalus unicolor) Panamanian golden frog (Atelopus zeteki) Applicant: Lionshare Farm Zoological...

  11. Fermentering af korn øger fordøjeligheden af næringsstoffer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Anni Øyan; Jørgensen, Henry; Bach Knudsen, Knud Erik; Canibe, Nuria; Poulsen, Hanne Damgaard

    Et fordøjelighedsforsøg har vist, at energiværdien af byg og hvede steg ved fermentering. Effekten var størst ved fermentering af byg, hvor fordøjeligheden af organisk stof for enden af tyndtarmen steg statistisk sikkert med 9 %. Ved fermentering af hvede steg fordøjeligheden af organisk stof...... statistisk sikkert med 3 %. Stigningen i energiværdien ved fermentering af korn kunne ikke vises ved foderanalyser (FEsv), hvilket viser, at in vitro-analyserne EFOS og EFOSi ikke kan anvendes til vurdering af effekten af fermentering. Fordøjeligheden af fosfor i foderblandinger baseret på byg eller hvede og...... tilskudsfoder steg statistisk sikkert ved fermentering af kornet. Der blev ikke tilsat mikrobiel fytase. Ved fermentering af byg steg fordøjeligheden af fosfor i foderblandingen fra 32 til 47 %, og ved fermentering af hvede steg fordøjeligheden af fosfor i blandingen fra 43 til 57 %. Fordøjeligheden af fosfor i...

  12. Prefabricated elements and structures: Developments, tests and experiences

    OpenAIRE

    Goltermann, Per

    2014-01-01

    Danish concrete structures are often built with prefabricated elements, joined together on the site and this provides a large challenge to constantly improve and optimize the elements, the joints and the models. DTU Byg has been active in the development, testing and modelling of new elements, joints and models and a number of results and experiences are presented in the paper.

  13. Væglast fra korn i en lav lagerbygning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, S.

    Rapporten bringer resultater af fuldskalaforsøg gennemført for at bestemme væglasten fra korn i lave lagerbygninger, fx plansiloer. Væglasten er målt for byg og hvede, for to forskellige ifyldningsmåder: indlægning i successivt voksende kegler og i vandrette lag, og for to fyldningsgrader: til va...

  14. Fermentering af korn øger fordøjeligheden af næringsstoffer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Anni Øyan; Jørgensen, Henry Johs. Høgh; Knudsen, Knud Erik Bach;

    2010-01-01

    Et fordøjelighedsforsøg har vist, at energiværdien af byg og hvede steg ved fermentering. Effekten var størst ved fermentering af byg, hvor fordøjeligheden af organisk stof for enden af tyndtarmen steg statistisk sikkert med 9 %. Ved fermentering af hvede steg fordøjeligheden af organisk stof...... statistisk sikkert med 3 %. Stigningen i energiværdien ved fermentering af korn kunne ikke vises ved foderanalyser (FEsv), hvilket viser, at in vitro-analyserne EFOS og EFOSi ikke kan anvendes til vurdering af effekten af fermentering. Fordøjeligheden af fosfor i foderblandinger baseret på byg eller hvede og...... tilskudsfoder steg statistisk sikkert ved fermentering af kornet. Der blev ikke tilsat mikrobiel fytase. Ved fermentering af byg steg fordøjeligheden af fosfor i foderblandingen fra 32 til 47 %, og ved fermentering af hvede steg fordøjeligheden af fosfor i blandingen fra 43 til 57 %. Fordøjeligheden af fosfor i...

  15. Identification and evaluation of surveillance data from the Norwegian Pollution Control Authority with respect to the deterioration of cultural monuments in air, soil and water; Identifisering og vurdering av Statens forurensningstilsyns overvaakingsdata sett i relasjon til nedbrytning av kulturminner i luft, jord og vann

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dahlin, Elin; Henriksen, Jan; Anda, Odd; Krigsvoll, Guri; Boerja, Isabella; Wright, RIchard

    1999-07-01

    The main aim of the project is to identify and evaluate to what extent ''National program for pollution monitoring'' contains data which are relevant for the evaluation of the risk of deterioration of cultural monuments in Norway when exposed to air or preserved in soil or water. Even if many measuring stations have collected data for over 20 years is this an immensely short period. Long distance transported pollutions are important primarily outside the urban areas. It would be particularly the archaeological artefacts that would be affected by water quality and acidity in the soil and the degradation rate is greater. The amount of monuments in the cities are larger. In the bases there are sufficient data for estimating the degradation rates for several materials and they contain data which may give information regarding the average load in the areas and that cannot be used for evaluating the degradation rate in the air in the micro environments of the monuments. With the present dose response equations it would mainly be the ozone measurements for the urban air that may contribute to improved predictions. As the equations use long term average values the costs for including this for such areas through using passive test sampling would be reasonable. There is a substantial national measuring network for forest soils which will be useful for predicting what areas have increased risk of deterioration. There are however, few time studies of the soil changes. There are few known dose response equations for soil and water. The location of the cultural monuments in soil and water is an additional problem which will complicate the transfer of general knowledge to artefacts which may be buried at various depths. For soil and water the polluted areas may be defined. Several models for air pollution exist. When the pollution maps are connected with the meteorological maps the CorrCost model may be applied for direct calculations of where the corrosion and deterioration dangers may be the greatest.

  16. Animal welfare in a global perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bracke, M.B.M.

    2009-01-01

    Wereldwijd overzicht van dierenwelzijnswetgeving, praktijken en percepties, met voorbeeldstudies over kippenvlees uit Brazilië en Thailand, eieren uit India en de Verenigde Staten, welzijnswetgeving voor kweekvis en welzijnsaspecten van (vermeende) overpopulatie van wilde dieren.Global survey of ani

  17. Leasing and legal culture : towards consistent behaviour in tax treatment in civil law and common law jurisdictions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mosquera Valderrama, Irma Johanna

    2007-01-01

    Dit proefschrift bevat een historisch rechtsvergelijkende studie naar het fenomeen leasing als een 'commmon law' concept ontwikkeld in de Verenigde Staten dat is getransplanteerd naar de 'civil law' landen Colombia, Frankrijk en Nederland. Bovendien verschaft dit proefschrift aanbevelingen met betre

  18. Green Infrastructure 101 - slides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Background & problem statement for urban stormwater Regulatory authority for point dischargesBrief history of stormwater controlsSix case studies: Effect of soil compaction on infiltration Accotink stream restoration Fairfax, Virginia New York City Staten Island Bluebelt projec...

  19. New services: strategic exploratory survey of a dynamic phenomenon

    OpenAIRE

    Kees Jonkheer; Florieke Westhof; Kirchhoff; Walsh

    1999-01-01

    Analyse van de ontwikkeling en dynamiek van nieuwe diensten. Aandacht wordt besteed aan het krachtenveld rond nieuwe diensten, het begrip nieuwe diensten en de dynamiek van de nieuwe diensten in de Verenigde Staten.

  20. Continuing Education Instrumentation Training in Clinical Chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeBlanc, Jacqueline; Frankel, Saundra

    1980-01-01

    Describes the continuing education program for clinical chemistry instrumentation training established at The College of Staten Island, New York. A course consisting of 14 sessions is outlined and discussed. (CS)

  1. The Huillin in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Chehebar C.

    1986-01-01

    We recommend re-introduction of huillines in Lanin, Puelo and Los Alerces National Parks, through translocations of animals, so as to minimize the risks involved in the present dependence on Nahuel Huapi and Staten Island (as far as we know) for the conservation of the species in Argentina. Also, we recommend careful monitoring and protection of the Nahuel Huapi population and protection of the Staten Island ecosystems.

  2. Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in a young patient with essential thrombocythemia: a case with long-term follow-up report

    OpenAIRE

    Bhat T; Ahmed M; Baydoun H; Ghandour Z; Bhat A; McCord D

    2014-01-01

    Tariq Bhat,1 Mohammed Ahmed,2 Hassan Baydoun,2 Zahraa Ghandour,3 Alina Bhat,2 Donald McCord11Division of Cardiology, 2Department of Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA; 3Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Lebanese University, Beirut, LebanonAbstract: Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a neoplastic proliferation of mature myeloid cells – in particular, megakaryocytes – leading to persistently elevated platelet count....

  3. Darwins aktualitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    - han får os til at diskutere os selv. Uddrag af PETER C. KJÆRGAARDs tale ved åbningen af Darwin-udstillingen på Statens Naturhistoriske Museum d. 4. februar. Udgivelsesdato: Marts......- han får os til at diskutere os selv. Uddrag af PETER C. KJÆRGAARDs tale ved åbningen af Darwin-udstillingen på Statens Naturhistoriske Museum d. 4. februar. Udgivelsesdato: Marts...

  4. Thermophoresis in dense gases : a study by born-Green-Yvon equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermophoresis in dense gases is studied by using a multi-scale approach and Born-Yvon-Green(BYG) equation. The problem of a particle movement in an ambient dense gas under temperature gradient is divided into inter and outer ones. The pressure gradient in the inner region is obtained from the solutions of BYG equation. The velocity profile is derived from the conservation equations and calculated using the pressure gradient, which provides the particle velocity in the outer problem. It is shown that the temperature gradient applied to the quiescent ambient gas induces some pressure gradient and thus flow tangential to the particle surface in the interfacial region. The mechanism that induces the flow may be the dominant source of the thermophretic particle movement in dense gases. It is also shown that the particle velocity has a nonlinear relationship with the applied temperature gradient and decreases with increasing temperature

  5. AcEST: DK955248 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available nnel protein, skeletal muscle ... 30 3.8 sp|Q8BYG0|TTC24_MOUSE Tetratricopeptide repeat... PS PL L G + EL +V P Sbjct: 920 GDVIAASPETPVPSPSPEPPLSLAPGKVEGELEELELVESP 960 >sp|Q8BYG0|TTC24_MOUSE Tetratricopeptide repeat...|B4J7V6|B4J7V6_DROGR GH20604 OS=Drosophila grimshawi GN=GH2060... 34 3.2 tr|Q2BC21|Q2BC21_9BACI Heli...GPPIHRGHPHAHPHHMHGHPPPHQYAPMRPMAPRPHVP 287 >tr|B4J7V6|B4J7V6_DROGR GH20604 OS=Drosophila grimshawi GN=GH2060... BlastX Result : TrEMBL tr_hit_id A6G5F2 Definition tr|A6G5F2|A6G5F2_9DELT Putative uncharacterized protein

  6. Vådrum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Erik

    Denne By og Byg Anvisning giver vejledning om planlægning, projektering og udførelse af vådrum i overensstemmelse med kravene i Bygningsreglement, 1995 og Bygningsreglement for småhuse, 1998. Anvisningen beskriver, hvordan gulve og vægge udføres, så der opnås størst mulig sikkerhed mod skader fra...

  7. Computer control system in RIBLL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Computer Control System applied in the Radioactive Ion Beam Line Lanzhou (RIBLL) is introduced. Accurate motion and position of ion beam diagnosing devices and detecting elements controlled by computer are emphatically described. It consists of the characteristics and working principle of step motor model 86BYG450B-02. Its computer interface circuit, and controlling program flow coded in Microsoft Visual C++ based on Windows NT or Windows 95 are introduced as well

  8. ZeroWaste:Turning waste into a new, sustainable resource for concrete

    OpenAIRE

    Goltermann, Per; Ottosen, Lisbeth M.; Jensen, Pernille Erland; Kirkelund, Gunvor Marie

    2014-01-01

    The ZeroWaste research group at the Department of Civil Engineering at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU Byg) was established two years ago and covers the broad range of expertise, required for turning waste materials into attractive, new materials. Members of the group have, prior to that, developed methods for removal of heavy metals and phosphorous from waste incineration, sewage sludge and other bio ashes, providing the basis of to make these ash types an attractive, new material f...

  9. Construction informatics - Issues in engineering, computer science and ontology

    OpenAIRE

    Eir, Asger; Bjørner, Dines; Galle, Per

    2004-01-01

    This Ph.D. thesis studies issues in the area of construction informatics. Construction informatics is the theoretical study of formal and conceptual aspects in the domain of civil engineering and design. The thesis is a collection of papers which each treat a specific subject within domain analysis and conceptual modelling of civil engineering and design. Due to the interdisciplinary content, the first half of the study has been carried out at Department of Civil Engineering (BYG"DTU), The Te...

  10. Loss of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 4 (MAP3K4 reveals a requirement for MAPK signalling in mouse sex determination.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debora Bogani

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Sex determination in mammals is controlled by the presence or absence of the Y-linked gene SRY. In the developing male (XY gonad, sex-determining region of the Y (SRY protein acts to up-regulate expression of the related gene, SOX9, a transcriptional regulator that in turn initiates a downstream pathway of testis development, whilst also suppressing ovary development. Despite the requirement for a number of transcription factors and secreted signalling molecules in sex determination, intracellular signalling components functioning in this process have not been defined. Here we report a role for the phylogenetically ancient mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK signalling pathway in mouse sex determination. Using a forward genetic screen, we identified the recessive boygirl (byg mutation. On the C57BL/6J background, embryos homozygous for byg exhibit consistent XY gonadal sex reversal. The byg mutation is an A to T transversion causing a premature stop codon in the gene encoding MAP3K4 (also known as MEKK4, a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase. Analysis of XY byg/byg gonads at 11.5 d post coitum reveals a growth deficit and a failure to support mesonephric cell migration, both early cellular processes normally associated with testis development. Expression analysis of mutant XY gonads at the same stage also reveals a dramatic reduction in Sox9 and, crucially, Sry at the transcript and protein levels. Moreover, we describe experiments showing the presence of activated MKK4, a direct target of MAP3K4, and activated p38 in the coelomic region of the XY gonad at 11.5 d post coitum, establishing a link between MAPK signalling in proliferating gonadal somatic cells and regulation of Sry expression. Finally, we provide evidence that haploinsufficiency for Map3k4 accounts for T-associated sex reversal (Tas. These data demonstrate that MAP3K4-dependent signalling events are required for normal expression of Sry during testis development, and

  11. Research News from Norway, Sweden, and Finland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven Skjenneberg

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available Norge: 1 Forskningsavd ved Reindriftsadministrasjonen. 2 Avd. for arktisk biologi, Univ. i Tromsø 3 Viltforskningen ved DN, Trondheim 4 Institutt for biologi og geologi, Univ. i Tromsø 5 Institutt for husdyrnæring, Norges landbrukshøgskole 6 Institutt for zoologi, Norges landbrukshøgskole 7 Stipendiat Norges landbruksvit. forskningsråd 8 Statens veterinære laboratorium i Nord-Norge Sverige: 1 Renförsöksavdelningen, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet 2 Statens veterinärmedicinska anstalt 3 Statens naturvårdsverk Finland: 1 Vilt- och fiskeriforskningsinstitutet, Renforskning 2 Kaamanen försöksstation, Renägareföreningen 3 Veterinärmedicinska högskolan 4 Helsingfors universitets husdjursvetenskapliga institut 5 Kuopios och Uleåborgs universiteter 6 Helsingfors universitets geologiska institut 7 Jyväskyläs universitet 8 Lantbrukets forskningscentral

  12. Forhold med forviklinger : statlig styring og eierskap overfor Statoil

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Denne studien diskuterer statlig styring og eierskap generelt, og forholdet mellom staten og Statoil spesielt. Hovedkonflikten i dette henseendet er relasjonen mellom politisk styring og forretningsmessig frihet som har vært et spenningsfelt mellom staten og Statoil omtrent fra selskapets opprettelse tidlig på 1970- tallet og fram til i dag, 2007. I Statoils levetid har alle konsernsjefene, bortsett fra nåværende sjef, Helge Lund, fått avskjed. Alle avskjedigelsene har kommet i kjølvannet av ...

  13. Adverse reactions to the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine in new-born infants-an evaluation of the Danish strain 1331 SSI in a randomized clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Thomas Nørrelykke; Birk, Nina Marie; Kjærgaard, Jesper;

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adverse reactions of the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Statens Serum Institut (SSI) (Danish strain 1331) used as intervention in a randomized clinical trial. DESIGN: A randomized clinical multicenter trial, The Danish Calmette Study, randomizing newborns to BCG or no inter......OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adverse reactions of the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Statens Serum Institut (SSI) (Danish strain 1331) used as intervention in a randomized clinical trial. DESIGN: A randomized clinical multicenter trial, The Danish Calmette Study, randomizing newborns to BCG...

  14. Raman af hvide pigmenter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reeler, Nini Elisabeth Abildgaard; Nielsen, Ole Faurskov; Sauer, Stephan P. A.;

    2013-01-01

    Et samspil mellem kunst og kemi. I et samarbejde mellem Statens Museum for Kunst og Kemisk Institut på KU er Ramanspek-troskopi brugt til at definere sammensætningen af blandinger af blyhvidt og calcit i maleriers hvide pigmenter.......Et samspil mellem kunst og kemi. I et samarbejde mellem Statens Museum for Kunst og Kemisk Institut på KU er Ramanspek-troskopi brugt til at definere sammensætningen af blandinger af blyhvidt og calcit i maleriers hvide pigmenter....

  15. IgA-dominant post-infectious glomerulonephritis presenting as a fatal pulmonary-renal syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Saad, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Marc Saad,1 Magda Daoud,1 Patricia Nasr,1 Rafeel Syed,2 Suzanne El-Sayegh2 1Department of Medicine, 2Department of Nephrology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA Abstract: Over the last decades, post-infectious glomerulonephritis underwent major changes in its epidemiology, pathophysiology, and outcomes. We are reporting a case of IgA-dominant post-infectious glomerulonephritis (IgA-PIGN) presenting as a fatal pulmonary-renal syndrome. An 86-year-old Filipino man presen...

  16. Mot en relationistisk ansats : F.H. Bradleys metafysik och forskning inom ramen för vetenskapen pedagogik

    OpenAIRE

    Johnsson, Mattias

    2003-01-01

    Avsikten med denna text är att diskutera möjligheterna för en forskningsansats inom ramen för disciplinen pedagogik, vilken tar sin utgångspunkt i en relationistisk verklighetsuppfattning. Relationismen presenteras med stöd av bland annat F.H. Bradleys verk Appearance and Reality (1902), och kontrasteras i klargörande syfte mot de klassiska ontologierna realism och idealism. Den avgörande skillnaden mellan relationismen och de klassiska utgångspunkterna framhålls vara, att medan de senare byg...

  17. Geometri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byg din egen boomerang, kast den, se den flyve, forstå hvorfor og hvordan den vender tilbage, og grib den. Det handler om opdriften på vingerne når du flyver, men det handler også og allermest om den mærkværdige gyroskop-effekt, du bruger til at holde balancen, når du kører på cykel. Vi vil bruge...... matematik, geometri, og fysik til at forstå, hvad det er, der foregår....

  18. ZeroWaste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goltermann, Per; Ottosen, Lisbeth M.; Jensen, Pernille Erland;

    2014-01-01

    The ZeroWaste research group at the Department of Civil Engineering at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU Byg) was established two years ago and covers the broad range of expertise, required for turning waste materials into attractive, new materials. Members of the group have, prior to that......, developed methods for removal of heavy metals and phosphorous from waste incineration, sewage sludge and other bio ashes, providing the basis of to make these ash types an attractive, new material for the building sector. Initial results for upgrading and using different types of ashes are presented in the...

  19. On the plastic behaviour of multi directional epoxy-bolted CFRP laminates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Aage; Poulsen, Ervin

    2004-01-01

    The second generation of CFRP laminate has recently been developed. It is a multi directional CFRP laminate, i.e. a laminate with carbon fibres having several directions other than the first generation. The paper describes the laboratory tests carried out in order to develop anchorage devices for...... such multi directional CFRP laminates which are epoxy-bonded and bolted or nailed to the concrete substrate for the purpose of strengthening against failure caused by bending. The tests were carried out at the Technical University of Denmark, IABM and Byg-DTU...

  20. Credit Cards on Campus: Academic Inquiry, Objective Empiricism, or Advocacy Research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manning, Robert D.; Kirshak, Ray

    2005-01-01

    Professors John M. Barron and Michael E. Staten's article in Vol. 34, No. 3 of this journal, "Usage of Credit Cards Received through College Student-Marketing Programs," purports to "provide benchmark measures of college student credit card usage." Based on empirical analyses of proprietary industry data, they conclude that "There is no…

  1. Hvad protokollen gemte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonderup, Gerda

    2007-01-01

    Protokollen er ganske speciel for Danmarks historie, idet den indeholder de dybeste hemmeligheder om de værste forbrydelser mod majestæten, staten og moralen. Det måtte ikke komme offentligheden for øre bestemte kongen i 1799....

  2. Cryptosporidium en Giardia in Nederlandse zwembaden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schets FM; Engels GB; Leenen EJTM; MGB

    2003-01-01

    Zwembad gerelateerde explosies van cryptosporidiose zijn regelmatig gerapporteerd in Groot-Brittannie en de Verenigde Staten. De bron van de explosie kon soms achterhaald worden doordat Cryptosporidium oocysten in het zwembadwater of in het terugspoelwater van de zwembadfilters konden worden gedete

  3. Modellering van de verwijdering van Cryptosporidium parvum,Giardia lamblia en enterovirussen in spaarbekkens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ratsak CH; MGB

    1996-01-01

    De protozoa Cryptosporidium en Giardia hebben de laatste decennia in de Verenigde Staten en in Groot-Brittannie een aanzienlijk aantal grote en kleine epidemieen van maag-darminfecties via drinkwater veroorzaakt. Wiskundige modellen kunnen worden gebruikt om de verwijdering van pathogene micro-o

  4. 78 FR 47410 - General Management Plan, Draft Environmental Impact Statement, Gateway National Recreation Area...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ... Recreation Area, New Jersey and New York AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... Management Plan (GMP), Gateway National Recreation Area (Gateway), New York. The draft describes and analyzes... National Recreation Area, 210 New York Avenue, Staten Island, New York 10305 or telephone at (718)...

  5. Bain, R.B. . ‘They thought the world was flat?’ Applying the principles of how people learn in teaching high school history

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonkheer, Boukje

    2011-01-01

    In dit artikel past Bain de principes van „How People Learn‟ toe in het geschiedenisonderwijs. Het boek „How People Learn‟, voor het eerst uitgegeven in 1999, is het resultaat van een onderzoek naar de stand van zaken op het gebied van leren en onderwijzen in de Verenigde Staten door wetenschappers

  6. Striatonigral Degeneration

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Kenosia Avenue Danbury, CT 06810 orphan@rarediseases.org http://www.rarediseases.org Tel: 203-744-0100; Voice ... Staten Island, NY 10305-1425 apda@apdaparkinson.org http://www.apdaparkinson.org Tel: 718-981-8001; 800- ...

  7. 克莉丝汀娜·阿奎莱拉(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    After Britney Spears,Christina Aguilera was the most popular female singer of the late '90s teen pop reviva .Christina was born on December 18,1980,in Staten Island,NY.Her parents divorced when she was young.Christina's goal almost since birth

  8. Preeclampsia research in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klemmensen, Åse Kathrine

    2005-01-01

    Ph.d.-studiet er udført i samarbejde med Gynækologisk Obstetrisk Afdeling, H:S Hvidovre Hospital, og Afsnittet for Perinatal og Ernæringsepidemiologi, Afdelingen for Epidemiologisk Forskning, Statens Serum Institut. Arbejdet omfatter tre dele, en spørgeskemaundersøgelse vedrørende præeklampsi (PE...

  9. Teaching Structural Design in Civil Engineering Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metwally, Ashraf

    This paper is a description of a college course in structural design, which in this case serves as the capstone of the program in Civil Engineering Technology at the College of Staten Island (New York). Fourteen weeks of class lecture topics, activities, and assignments are delineated. Coverage includes building codes, loads calculation,…

  10. The Presidency as Journey (Not Destination).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springer, Marlene

    2003-01-01

    The president of the City University of New York College of Staten Island reflects on her path to the presidency. She admits that even with help and advice, the climb to the top is rigorous, but that it leads to a richly rewarding view. (EV)

  11. Genetic susceptibility and genotype-phenotype association in 588 Danish children with inflammatory bowel disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, C; Cleynen, I; Andersen, Susanne Pia; Vermeire, S; Munkholm, P; Paerregaard, A; Wewer, Anne Vibeke

    2014-01-01

    retrieved and clinical information was extracted. DNA was obtained from Guthrie cards from the Danish National Neonatal Screening Biobank (PKU-biobanken) at Statens Serum Institut and from blood samples. RESULTS: A total of 588 IBD patients (244 Crohn's disease (CD), 318 ulcerative colitis (UC) and 26 IBD...

  12. Wiersma, A. . A study of the teaching methods of high school history teachers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, Rene

    2012-01-01

    Dit artikel is geschreven door Ashley Wiersma, docent geschiedenis op Kalamazoo Central High School in de Verenigde Staten. Het artikel beschrijft een onderzoek naar de manier waarop geschiedenislessen in het middelbaar onderwijs worden gegeven. Ze stelt dat de meeste geschiedenisdocenten nog op een

  13. I en højere sags tjeneste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langsted, Lars Bo; Jakobsen, Søren Sandfeld

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen behandler ud fra en retsdogmatisk metode nogle af de grundlæggende problemstillinger, regler, principper og hensynsafvejninger, der gælder, når staten eller private virksomheder vil gennemføre overvågning af borgerne og dermed gøre indgreb i retten til privatlivets fred. Særlig fokus er på...

  14. East African Taarab as a contemporary mediator of the diversity an vitality of a musical tradition within Islamic Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Annemette

    2007-01-01

    Artiklen diskuterer hvordan musikkulturen, taarab, i Zanzibar gennem en snart ethundrede år lang periode har været i en fortsat forhandling mellem et religiøst og et sekulært meningsindhold. Gennem tiden efter østatens selvstændighed i 1963 og frem til begyndelsen af det 21. århundrede har disse ...

  15. Finance middle managers and financial statement fraud

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Linke, Kristina Gisela Babette

    2012-01-01

    Verslaggevingsfraude is het manipuleren van de boekhouding om betere cijfers te laten zien. Kristina Linke onderzocht deze vorm van fraude, waarbij zij vooral keek naar de rol van de controller. Dat gebeurde aan de hand van 244 aanklachten in de periode 2000-2006 in de Verenigde Staten. Uit het onde

  16. Digital kommunikation med den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berger, Jesper; Andersen, Kim Normann

    2013-01-01

    i front med at besvare e-mails, mens hver fjerde e-mail til staten ikke blev besvaret. Langt værre ser det dog ud med digital post. Kun godt halvdelen af kommunerne svarer på digital post. Ingen af ministerierne svarer på digital post. Alle regionerne svarer på digital post. Efter en dag havde 80...

  17. Stadslandbouw in kantoorpanden: Optie of utopie?

    OpenAIRE

    Spruijt, J.; Jansma, J.E.; Vermeulen, T.; Haan; Sukkel, W.

    2015-01-01

    In potentie zou stadslandbouw leegstaande kantoorgebouwen een nieuwe bestemming kunnen geven. Op papier zijn er volop kansen: veel leegstand, productieruimte dicht bij stedelijke afzetmarkt, maatschappelijke belangstelling voor lokale producten en beschikbaarheid van geavanceerde teelttechnieken (LED, aquaponics). Uit verschillende hoeken (o.a. Provinciale Staten Utrecht en de gemeenteraad van Nieuwegein) komt de vraag of stadslandbouw leegstaande kantoren en industrieterreinen inderdaad weer...

  18. Trace Metal Accumulation in Sediments and Benthic Macroinvertebrates before and after Maintenance of a Constructed Wetland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Periodic maintenance of stormwater best management practices (BMP) includes the removal of accumulated sediment. The resulting impact on trace metal concentrations of copper (Cu), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) in a constructed stormwater wetland BMP on Staten Island, NY was investiga...

  19. Real-time whole-genome sequencing for routine typing, surveillance, and outbreak detection of verotoxigenic Escherichia coli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Joensen, Katrine Grimstrup; Scheutz, Flemming; Lund, Ole;

    2014-01-01

    cheaper, it has huge potential in both diagnostics and routine surveillance. The aim of this study was to perform a real-time evaluation of WGS for routine typing and surveillance of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC). In Denmark, the Statens Serum Institut (SSI) routinely receives all...

  20. Archieven tussen 'arcana imperii' en 'open government'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Jeurgens

    2012-01-01

    Vlak na zijn aantreden als president van de Verenigde Staten verklaarde Barack Obama dat zijn regering een nooit eerder vertoonde openheid zal scheppen. Met de retorische bevlogenheid die zo kenmerkend is voor Obama hield hij zijn gehoor voor: "We will work together to ensure the public trust and es

  1. Himmels og jordisk jern i Grønlands forhistorie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Appelt, Martin; Haack, Henning; Jensen, Jens Fog;

    2015-01-01

    , Grønlands Nationalmuseum & Arkiv og Statens Naturhistoriske Museer ved brug af en drone med udstyr til luftfotografering dokumenterede jernmeteoritternes placering i det nordgrønlandske landskab (fig.1). Feltundersøgelserne er blevet suppleret med analyser af jernredskaber fra Nationalmuseets samlinger...

  2. Balans van 25 jaar arbeids- en organisatiepsychologie : nieuwe thema's en methoden, maar praktische relevantie onder druk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smulders, P.; Schouteten, R.

    2009-01-01

    Op basis van reviewartikelen, trend- en inhoudsanalyses poogt dit artikel een overzicht te geven van 25 jaar A&O-psychologie. Daarbij gaat de aandacht uit naar zowel nationale als internationale ontwikkelingen. Geconcludeerd wordt dat er grote verschillen bestaan tussen de Verenigde Staten, het Vere

  3. Danish Regulation of Religion, State of Affairs and Qualitative Reflections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinding, Niels Valdemar; Christoffersen, Lisbet

    Der er tale om en gennemarbejdet analyse af 18 danske eliteinterviews om mulige konflikter i spørgsmål om religiøse normers betydning for familie, arbejdsmarked, religion i det offentlige rum og statens forhold til kirke og trossamfund. Ikke overraskende viser rapporten ikke alene en stigende bev...

  4. Vreemde genen in het veevoer : Voorkeur van en effecten op het dier

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noorduyn, L.

    2002-01-01

    Boeren in de Verenigde Staten die genetisch gemodificeerde gewassen telen hebben aanwijzingen dat de herten in de vrije natuur deze gewassen niet willen eten. Van wilde dieren wordt verondersteld dat zij hun eigen voeding samenstellen en dus weten wat goed voor hen is. De vraag die daaruit ontstaat

  5. Politikerna hämnar metallåtervinning

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Nils

    2014-01-01

    Indirekt stödje staten gruvsektorn med enorma summor pengar varje år. Det leder till ojämna marknadsvillkor och att återvinningsbranschen inte utvecklas i den takt som den skulle kunna, exempelvis via landfill mining.

  6. Multiple sclerosis after infectious mononucleosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Trine Rasmussen; Rostgaard, Klaus; Nielsen, Nete Munk; Koch-Henriksen, Nils; Haahr, Sven; Sørensen, Per Soelberg; Hjalgrim, Henrik

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Infectious mononucleosis caused by the Epstein-Barr virus has been associated with increased risk of multiple sclerosis. However, little is known about the characteristics of this association. OBJECTIVE: To assess the significance of sex, age at and time since infectious mononucleosis......, and attained age to the risk of developing multiple sclerosis after infectious mononucleosis. DESIGN: Cohort study using persons tested serologically for infectious mononucleosis at Statens Serum Institut, the Danish Civil Registration System, the Danish National Hospital Discharge Register, and the...... Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry. SETTING: Statens Serum Institut. PATIENTS: A cohort of 25 234 Danish patients with mononucleosis was followed up for the occurrence of multiple sclerosis beginning on April 1, 1968, or January 1 of the year after the diagnosis of mononucleosis or after a negative Paul...

  7. West Nile virus infection and diplopia: a case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dahal U

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Udip Dahal,1 Neville Mobarakai,1 Dikshya Sharma,2 Bandana Pathak11Department of Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, New York, NY, USA; 2Department of Medicine, Nepalgunj Medical College, Banke, NepalAbstract: West Nile virus is a neurotropic virus transmitted to humans via an infected mosquito bite. The increase in the incidences and fatalities of West Nile virus disease has made West Nile virus an important pathogen. Here we describe a case of a 65-year-old man with fever and diplopia presenting to the emergency department during a fall season and who was later diagnosed with West Nile virus infection. Diplopia is an uncommon manifestation of West Nile virus and recognition of the different modes of presentation, especially the uncommon ones like diplopia, will aid in the diagnosis of this emerging infectious disease.Keywords: West Nile virus, diplopia, ocular manifestations, infectious disease, Flaviviridae

  8. Salvage therapies in relapsed and/or refractory myeloma: what is current and what is the future?

    OpenAIRE

    Thumallapally, Nishitha; Yu, Hana; Asti,Divya; Vennepureddy, Adarsh; Terjanian,Tering

    2016-01-01

    Nishitha Thumallapally,1 Hana Yu,1 Divya Asti,1 Adarsh Vennepureddy,1 Terenig Terjanian2 1Department of Internal Medicine, 2Division of Hematology and Oncology, Staten Island University Hospital, New York, NY, USA Abstract: The treatment landscape for multiple myeloma (MM) is evolving with our understanding of its pathophysiology. However, given the inevitable cohort heterogeneity in salvage therapy, response to treatment and overall prognoses tend to vary widely, making meaningful conclusi...

  9. Præstation - nøglen til det gode liv?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boie, Mette Alma Kjærsholm; Wiberg, Merete

    2014-01-01

    Præstation – nøglen til det gode liv? Kapitlet analyserer præstationsbegrebet som etisk værdi, idet det diskuteres hvordan kravet om præstation både påvirker og udfordrer det etiske miljø i skolen. Det diskuteres, hvordan lærernes forståelse af ’det gode liv’ udfordres, i og med statens krav om p...

  10. Superheroes and the Bush doctrine: narrative and politics in post­-9/11 discourse

    OpenAIRE

    Hassler-Forest, D.A.

    2011-01-01

    Dan Hassler-Forest onderzocht de manier waarop de Amerikaanse politiek samenvloeit met populaire cultuur. De centrale figuur hierin is de superheld, die fungeert als een symbolische belichaming voor de conflicterende fantasieën die de jaren van het presidentschap van George W. Bush in de Verenigde Staten typeren. Hassler-Forest stelt dat het onderscheid tussen feit en fictie, nieuws en vermaak, en authentiek en virtueel in het tijdperk dat volgde op de aanslagen van 11 september 2001 steeds m...

  11. Archieven tussen 'arcana imperii' en 'open government'

    OpenAIRE

    Jeurgens, C.

    2012-01-01

    Vlak na zijn aantreden als president van de Verenigde Staten verklaarde Barack Obama dat zijn regering een nooit eerder vertoonde openheid zal scheppen. Met de retorische bevlogenheid die zo kenmerkend is voor Obama hield hij zijn gehoor voor: "We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation and collaboration (…). Transparency promotes accountability and provides information for citizens about what the Government is doing (…). My A...

  12. Konservatorer med ph.d

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup Andersen, Cecil

    2013-01-01

    Denne afhandling undersøger dubleringshistorien for samlingen af danske guldaldermalerier på lærred på Statens Museum for Kunst (SMK) og søger at forstå fugtfølsomheden i malerierne før og navnlig efter dublering. Dette gøres ved hjælp af kemiske analyser såvel som trækstyrketests af prøver fra o...

  13. Animal welfare in a global perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Bracke, M.B.M.

    2009-01-01

    Wereldwijd overzicht van dierenwelzijnswetgeving, praktijken en percepties, met voorbeeldstudies over kippenvlees uit Brazilië en Thailand, eieren uit India en de Verenigde Staten, welzijnswetgeving voor kweekvis en welzijnsaspecten van (vermeende) overpopulatie van wilde dieren.Global survey of animal-welfare regulations, practices and perceptions, with case studies on poultry meat from Brazil and Thailand, eggs from India and the USA, welfare regulations of farmed fish and welfare aspects r...

  14. Národní stát, kolektivní paměť a nacionalismus (Stav bádání a možnosti dalšího výzkumu)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Olšáková, Doubravka

    Opava : Slezské zemské muzeum, 2008 - (Machačová, J.; Šrajerová, O.), s. 132-142 ISBN 978-80-86224-69-5. [Interakce národnostních kultur. Teoretické a metodologické přístupy. Opava (CZ), 25.10.2007-26.10.2007] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70900502 Keywords : nationalism * State-Nation * collective memory Subject RIV: AB - History

  15. Geografiske mønstre for helse, levekår og helsetjenester i Norge: En utvidet anmeldelse og sammenligning av to helseatlas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stig Jørgensen

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Nasjonalatlas for Norge: Helse. 1996  Helse- og levekårsatlas for Hordaland og Noreg. 1996Hansen FH, Reitan J, Ågotnes J-E, red. Hordaland fylkeskommune og Norges samfunnsvitenskapeligedatatjeneste (NSD, Bergen, 191 sider, tab, ill.(National Atlas of Norway: Health. 1996Aase A, Storm-Furru I, forfattere; Nilsen S, hovedred. Statens Kartverk, Hønefoss, 239 sider, tab, ill.

  16. USA og Storbritannias møte med Israel og en fremmed sivilisasjon : hvilke forestillinger hadde britiske og amerikanske medier om folkene involvert i Palestina-konflikten i 1948, 1956 og 1967, og hvilke stilling tok de til palestinernes og jødenes/israelernes nasjonale rettigheter?

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Staten Israel ble i tiårene etter andre verdenskrig framstilt som et stort utviklingsprosjekt, og israelerne som utviklingsarbeidere som brakte sivilisasjon og fruktbarhet ut i ørkenen, selv om det Palestina de erobret var bebodd av palestinere som dyrket landet og hadde sin egen kultur og historie. Verdenssynet borgere i Vesten ble introdusert for var påvirket av de vestlige stormaktenes forvaltning av vestlige tradisjoner for tenkning om andre folk og kulturer. Den offentlige diskursen...

  17. Carbon Footprint bolbloemen : een rekenmodel voor de CO2-uitstoot uit de broeierij

    OpenAIRE

    Putten, van, B.J.; Wildschut, J.

    2012-01-01

    In sommige exportlanden wordt het vermelden van de ‘Carbon Footprint’ op producten geleidelijk aan verplicht gesteld. Doel van dit project is daarom exporteurs en handelaren een rekenmodel ter beschikking te stellen waarmee gemakkelijk het Carbon Footprintgetal van een zending bolbloemen kan worden uitgerekend. Ook kan worden uitgerekend wat het Carbon Footprintgetal is van bolbloemen die in de importlanden Zweden en de Verenigde Staten uit in Nederland geteelde broeibollen worden gebroeid. D...

  18. Patent Statistics and IPR Laws Update Online

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Patent Statistics Beginning from No.2 of 2005 of China Patents & Trademarks, the Statistics on Patent Applications & Grants in China, previously published under the column of Statistics, will be updated online, including the monthly Statistics on Patent Applications by Patent Category, the Patent Grants by Patent Category, the Domestic Patent Applications by Province, and the Overseas Patent Applications by Country, and their yearly statistics at www.cpt.cn or www.cpahkltd.com/cn/ Publications/staten.htm...

  19. Artifact versus arrhythmia in pseudo-polymorphic tachycardia; case report

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed V; Patel A; Sharma A; Bloomfield D

    2015-01-01

    Vaseem Ahmed, Anish Patel, Abhishek Sharma, Dennis Bloomfield Department of Medicine, Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, NY, USA Abstract: We present the case of a young male patient in sinus rhythm whose electrocardiogram (ECG) was initially misinterpreted as ventricular tachycardia. Electrocardiographic artifact appearing to be ventricular tachycardia commonly occurs and ECG criteria have been described to aid in the discrimination between artifact and true arrhythmia. Ther...

  20. Multidimensional HAM-conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    Heat, Air and Moisture (HAM) conditions, experimental data are needed. Tests were performed in the large climate simulator at SBi involving full-scale wall elements. The elements were exposed for steady-state conditions, and temperature cycles simulating April and September climate in Denmark. The...... effect on the moisture and temperature conditions of the addition of a vapour barrier and an outer cladding on timber frame walls was studied. The report contains comprehensive appendices documenting the full-scale tests. The tests were performed as a part of the project 'Model for Multidimensional Heat......, Air and Moisture Conditions in Building Envelope Components' carried out as a co-project between DTU Byg and SBi....

  1. Elektrokemisk fjernelse af cadmium fra bioasker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Anne Juul; Ottosen, Lisbeth M.; Simonsen, Peter;

    Hosliggende rapport formidler resultaterne fra PSO-projektet: ”Elektrokemisk fjernelse af cadmium fra bioasker” (PSO-F&U 3206), finansieret af Elkraft System og Energi E2 A/S. Projektet blev gennemført i perioden 01.05.2003 – 30.06.2004, og partnerne var Energi E2 A/S, BYG-DTU og Krüger A/S, med ...... igangværende PSO FU 2201 ”Opgradering af restprodukter” (”Askepot”), og det skulle derfor også undersøges, om den elektrodialytiske rensningsproces evt. kunne kombineres med den vaskeproces, der benyttes til rensning af aske i FU 2201....

  2. Managing facilities in a Scandinavian manner:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Engelmark, Jesper; Jørgensen, Bo;

    2004-01-01

    way that buildings are used, combined with an increased consciouness of sustainability. Buildings should be seen as long-term 'investments' while also keeping in mind the construction sector's needs for increased productivity, long-term product quality and enhanced value. This is the background for......Presents the aims and needs of research in facilities management (FM) at the section of Planning and Management of Building Processes at BYG*DTU. As the building stock in Denmark is rapidly increasing, socio-demographic developments implies profound changes in both the needs of inhabitants and the...... infrastructure within the mainstream FM field. There is an urgent need to address how society can best manage the growing (and decaying) building stock, to develop life-cycle rooted infrastructure and building design, and finally allow buildings to be appropriated by their current and future users....

  3. Centrifuge modelling of large diameter pile in sand subject to lateral loading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Caspar Thrane

    and cyclic behaviour of large diameter rigid piles in dry sand by use of physical modelling. The physical modelling has been carried out at Department of Civil Engineering at the Danish Technical University (DTU.BYG), in the period from 2005 to 2009. The main centrifuge facilities, and especially the...... equipment for lateral load tests were at the start of the research in 2005 outdated and a major part of the work with the geotechnical centrifuge included renovation and upgrading of the facilities. The research with respect to testing of large diameter piles included:  Construction of equipment for...... embedment lengths of 6, 8 and 10 times the diameter. The tests have been carried out with a load eccentricity of 2.5 m to 6.5 m above the sand surface. The present report includes a description of the centrifuge facilities, applied test procedure and equipment along with presentation of the obtained results....

  4. Danish Sector Guide for Calculation of the Actual Energy Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Lone Hedegaard

    2016-01-01

    innovation network for sustainable construction, InnoBYG started work on a Danish sector guide for the calculation of actual energy consumption in relation to upgrading of buildings. The focus was to make a common guide for energy calculations that can be used by consultants performing calculations. The...... consumption compared with the estimated energy demand by calculation. The paper concludes that the result of an energy calculation should not be given as a single figure but rather as a spread between the best and worst case for the assumed conditions. Finally, a brief update on current actions is given...... related to the sector guide for calculation of actual energy consumption. Keywords – Energy calculations, actual energy consumption, energy perfomance...

  5. Measurement and modelling of a multifunctional solar plus heatpump system from Nilan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perers, Bengt; Andersen, Elsa; Furbo, Simon;

    A multifunctional solar and heat pump unit from Nilan has been installed in the Performance Test Facility (PTF) at DTU Byg Denmark. It is part of the IEA Task 44 cooperation. Multifunctional means in this case: Hot water, Air heating, Ventilation, Air heat recovery, Air filtering and Floor heating....... Nilan units, with additional air cooling and CO2 control, are also available. The unit has been in operation for more than one year. The aim has been to stress the system operation to different conditions in the lab, to learn more about the performance, but also to find possible improvements especially...... system has been in operation during all seasons and a full year model could be developed and validated. The model also includes new possibilities for solar collector loop and heat pump operation control....

  6. Støy fra tunnelåpning på Nye Osloveg, Trondheim

    OpenAIRE

    Storeheier, Svein Ådne

    2007-01-01

    I forbindelse med utbygging av Nordre avlastningsveg gjennom Trondheim, har SINTEF IKT fått i oppdrag av Asplan Viak AS på vegne av Statens vegvesen å vurdere støyen fra tunnelåpningen på nye Osloveg ved Marienborg i Trondheim. Rapporten kommenterer kort beregningsgrunnlaget for støy fra tunnelåpninger, og de forutsetninger og begrensninger som ligger i den beregningsmetoden som er brukt. Støy fra tunnelåpningen er beregnet i 5 punkter som representerer nærmeste støyfølsomme områder (boliger,...

  7. Støy fra tunnelåpninger ved Nordre avlastningsveg, Ilsvika

    OpenAIRE

    Storeheier, Svein Ådne

    2005-01-01

    STF90 A05003 I forbindelse med utbygging av Nordre avlastningsveg gjennom Trondheim, har SINTEF IKT fått i oppdrag av Statens vegvesen å vurdere støyen fra tunnelåpningene mot rundkjøringen i delområde Skjæringen. Dette gjelder åpningen mot nord for Steinbergtunnelen, og åpningen mot vest for kulverten mot delområde Nedre Ila. Rapporten kommenterer kort beregningsgrunnlaget for støy fra tunnelåpninger, og de forutsetninger og begrensninger som ligger i den beregningsmetoden som er brukt. Støy...

  8. Høyere oljepriser gjør Norge rikere, men reduserer aktivitetsnivået

    OpenAIRE

    Cappelen, Ådne; Eika, Torbjørn; Olsen, Øystein

    2006-01-01

    Som en stor produsent og eksportør av råolje synes det opplagt at høye priser er en fordel for Norge. Norges inntekter øker kraftig og staten tar hånd om det meste. På noen års sikt kan imidlertid veksten i fastlandsøkonomien komme til å bli lavere hvis oljeprisen forblir høy. Dette skyldes i stor grad de nye politikkreglene; handlingsregelen for finanspolitikken og inflasjonsmål for pengepolitikken. En avgjørende forutsetning for denne konklusjonen er at petroleumsinvesteringe...

  9. Miljøvennlige vegdekker: Resultater fra teksturmålinger 2006 - 2008.

    OpenAIRE

    Storeheier, Svein Ådne

    2009-01-01

    Det ble gjennomført teksturmålinger (2D) på et større antall vegdekker i perioden 2006 -08 i tilknytning til etatsprosjektet ”Miljøvennlige vegdekker”, gjennomført i regi av Statens vegvesen. Rapporten refererer til de målerutiner som er etablert i tidligere fase av prosjektet, og gjennomgår kort de viktigste størrelsene for tekstur. På et utvalg av 37 vegdekker tett asfalt er det gjort ulike typer undersøkelser. Hovedpunktene i undersøkelsen skulle belyse: ·   Generelt om tekstur i vegoverfl...

  10. Karakterisering av avloppsvatten från Statoil Petrokemi AB, Stenungsund

    OpenAIRE

    Källqvist, T.

    1990-01-01

    En karakterisering av utgående avløpsvann fra Statoil Petrokemi AB i Stenungsund, Sverige er utført etter direktiver fra Statens Naturvårdsverk. Programmet omfattet kjemisk og biologisk karakterisering (toksisitet og nedbrytbarhet) av døgnprøver og en ukebland- prøve fra juni 1990. Resultatene viste lav toksisitet, men innholdet av tungt nedbrytbare, ikke identifiserte organiske forbindelser. Det ble ikke påvist minaralolje eller EOX og kun meget lave konsentrasjoner av PAH og AOX.

  11. 3D-visualisering i arkitektkonkurrencer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, N.H.

    Statens Forsknings- og Uddannelsesbygninger har på forskellige nybyggerier eksperimenteret med anvendelse af 3D-visualisering i tilknytning til bedømmelsen af arkitektkonkurrencer. Interview af dommerkomitéen på konkurrencerne på Muskikkens Hus i Nordjylland og nye bygninger til Roskilde...... Universitetscenter har givet input til forslag om den fremtidige udvikling. Forslagene retter sig både mod arkitekternes kompetence og udvalgte forretningsstrategier og mod den professionelle bygherres fremtidige krav til 3D-visualisering i arkitektkonkurrencer. Et indbudt seminar om rapportens anbefalinger samler...

  12. Workplace photon radiation fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The knowledge of workplace radiation fields is essential for measures in radiation protection. Information about the energy and directional distribution of the incident photon radiation was obtained by several devices developed by the National Radiation Protection Board, United Kingdom, by the Statens Stralskyddsinstitut, Sweden, together with EURADOS and by the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Germany. The devices are described and some results obtained at workplaces in nuclear industry, medicine and science in the photon energy range from 20 keV to 7 MeV are given. (author)

  13. An evaluation of microcult g.c. in venereal disease clinics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, A O; Andersen, Klaus Ejner

    1977-01-01

    Microcult G.C. is a kit for cultivation and identification of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. ue of this kit was compared with the cultivation and identification methods of the Neisseria Department, Statens Seruminstitut, Copenhagen (WHO collaborating center for reference and research in gonococci). The...... women, the predictive value of positive tests was 95% and the predictive value of negative tests was 90%. The reliability of these results makes Microocult G.C. a valuable supplement to microscopy in venereal disease clinics with a relative high prevalence of gonorrhoea. The predictive value of positive...

  14. Iranske tenåringsjenters forhold til egen kultur og fremtidsutsikt under det statlige iranske skolesystemet i Dubai

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Internasjonal media har de siste tiårene dokumentert Irans forhold til Dubai, både i forhold til styresmaktenes politiske og økonomiske relasjoner, men også om enkeltindivider som har betraktet Dubai som ”mulighetenes land”. Det historiske båndet mellom Iran og Dubai er lengre enn hva moderne studier har brakt frem til dagens lys. Dubai har vært en viktig finans- og handelsforbindelse, hvor staten har tjent stort på å være et mellomledd for europeiske og asiatiske selskaper som har ønsket å g...

  15. Nuclear program of Iran. Towards de-escalation of a nuclear crisis. Advisory letter; Nucleair programma van Iran. Naar de-escalatie van een nucleaire crisis. Briefadvies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-04-15

    The Dutch government, partly at the request of the House of Representatives (Second Chamber), the AIV asked to give an opinion about the position of Iran in the region and the role of the nuclear program of Iran in the geopolitical relations, in view of the most recent developments [Dutch] De Nederlandse regering heeft, mede op verzoek van de Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal, de AIV gevraagd advies uit te brengen over de positie van Iran in de regio en de rol van het nucleaire programma van Iran in de geopolitieke verhoudingen hierin, mede gelet op de meest recente ontwikkelingen.

  16. Early phase clean-up actions after nuclear accidents. Guidelines for the planner. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The work reported has been performed with the purpose of working out a guide for planners of early clean-up actions in nuclear fallout situations and for decision makers in the Nordic countries. The actions considered are hosing of roofs, walls and paved areas, lawn mowing, removal of snow, pruning of trees and bushes and vacuum cleaning of streets. The expected effects, mainly as life time dose reduction, and consequences regarding practicability, waste produced, staffing and protection are presented for urban, suburban and rural living environments. The work has been performed within the fram work of the Nordic Nuclear Safety Research Program 1994-97 (Statens Raeddningsverk). (au)

  17. Rekryteringsprocessen inom SIS LVM-hem i Sverige

    OpenAIRE

    Svensson, Anders

    2015-01-01

    Rekryteringsprocessen har utvecklats under en lång tid. Statens institutionsmyndighet, SIS, är en statlig myndighet som bedriver tvångsvård och behandling av ungdomar med allvarliga psykosociala problem och vuxna med missbruksproblem. Syftet med studien var att kartlägga hur rekryteringsprocessen ser ut på SIS LVM-hem i Sverige. För att göra detta valdes en kvalitativ ansats och tematisk analysmetod och 11 rekryteringsansvariga intervjuvades. Detta resulterade i fem teman; " kompetenskrav", "...

  18. Cryptosporidium infections in Denmark, 2010-2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stensvold, Christen Rune; Ethelberg, Steen; Hansen, Louise;

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The incidence of cryptosporidiosis in Denmark is unknown. Here, we present the number of cases detected in the 2010-2014 period along with data on species and subtypes. METHODS: Complete national data retrieved from the Danish Microbiology Database and Statens Serum Institut (SSI......) comprised test results on cryptosporidia detected by microscopy or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) between 1 January 2010 and 30 April 2014. Samples that tested positive at the SSI were submitted to species and subtype analysis by conventional PCR and sequencing of ribosomal and gp60 genes, respectively...

  19. New Concept for Durable Concrete Bridges

    OpenAIRE

    Damek, Marek

    2015-01-01

    This master’s thesis covers the design of a post-tensioned concrete bridge in Trondheim municipality in Norway, in collaboration with Statens vegvesen (SVV). The concept of the bridge is inspired by Egg-Graben-Brücke in Austria, which was designed and built without steel reinforcement in the bridge deck. The idea is to eliminate steel reinforcement which can corrode in the bridge deck. The total length of the bridge is 73 meters and it is divided into 3 spans. The crosssection ...

  20. Sigrid Nunez : 『私』の中の外国人

    OpenAIRE

    杉浦, 悦子

    2003-01-01

    Sigrid Nunez, the author of three books, A Feather on the Breath of God(1995), A Naked Sleeper (1996), and Mitz: A Marmoset of Bloobsbury(1998), published her fourth book For Rounenna (2001), which she beginswith a reference to her first book.After my first book was published, I received some letters.Thus referring to her first book, Nunez tells us that the narrator of herfourth book is the same person with that of her first book. Though Nunezleft Staten Island in her second and third books a...

  1. Statlig politikk overfor helsesektoren : regionale virkninger

    OpenAIRE

    Kristiansen, Frode; Sunnevåg, Kjell J.

    2003-01-01

    En sentral målsetting i utformingen av den statlige helsepolitikken er å sikre hele befolkningen, uavhengig av bosted, tilgang på helsetjenester av god kvalitet. En bedre realisering av denne målsettingen har i løpet av de siste 10-15 årene motivert flere viktige helsepolitiske reformer. Faktorer som økende ventelister for behandling, svak økonomistyring og store underskudd var utløsende. Mens spesialisthelsetjenestene nå er statens ansvar, er kommunene ansvarlige for å organisere primære hel...

  2. Typing of vancomycin-resistant enterococci from Danish hospitals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lester, Camilla H.; Olsen, Stefan S.; Schønheyder, Henrik Carl;

    2009-01-01

    complex 17 (CC17) has been associated with nosocomial outbreaks in five continents. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the molecular epidemiology of VRE in Denmark. Methods: From January 2005 through October 2008, 61 vancomycin resistant enterococcal isolates causing invasive as well as non......-invasive infections were referred by seven of the 15 Danish departments of clinical microbiology to Statens Serum Institut. All isolates were identified to species level by PCR, MICs of vancomycin were determined (Trek Diagnostic Systems, UK), and the presence of vanA, vanB and vanC genes were detected by PCR. Multi...

  3. Sanofi Pasteur与SSI联合开发新TB疫苗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆颖(摘)

    2008-01-01

    丹麦Statens Serum研究所(SSI)已将技术转让给Sanofi—Aventis公司的疫苗分部Sanofi Pasteur公司,根据新的联合研究协议该技术用于开发一种新的肺结核(TB)疫苗。该许可协议有关特定融合蛋白的使用,并包括获得细胞间IC31佐剂。

  4. Byrom for fysisk aktivitet - støttet av norske spillemidler

    OpenAIRE

    Bakken, Even

    2015-01-01

    Fysisk aktivitet er et universelt tema i dagens samfunn, og både befolkningen og staten har et felles ansvar for folkehelsen. Gjennom spillemidlene delte den Norske stat ut 1860 millioner kroner til idrett og fysiske aktivitet i 2014. Det er i dag en hard kamp om prioriteringer og bruken av midlene. Fra 2013 til 2014 økte bevilgningene med 19 prosent. For å øke mangfoldet i aktivitetstilbudet til den norske befolkningen, må nye typer anlegg settes på dagsorden...

  5. Health literacy genom arbetsintegrerat lärande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Crondahl, Kristine

    2014-01-01

    Statens offentliga utredningar har föreslagit en strategi där målet var att stänga välfärdsgapet mellan romer och andra grupper. Detta påstås dock att skulle ta minst en generation, eller 20 år och är en satsning på landsbasis. I detta kapitel beskrivs ett projekt med samma målsättning, fastän på...... romers health literacy vilket fungerade som en katalysator för empowerment....

  6. An analysis of the internal control system at the payroll unit at the University of Stavanger

    OpenAIRE

    Ramsland, Tommy

    2015-01-01

    Organisasjoner legger årlig ned en betydelig innsats i etterlevelse av lovverket som omhandler internkontroll. Gode internkontrollrutiner er et viktig verktøy i prosessen rundt å nå de målset-tingene som er satt. Statlige organisasjoner er underlagt Reglement for økonomistyring i staten og for denne oppgaven er det satt et spesielt fokus på § 14, intern kontroll. I dette prosjektet er det implementert et rapporteringssystem for registrering og kategorisering av feil som opp-dages gjennom inte...

  7. Vekst av patogene mikroorganismer ved ulike temperaturer

    OpenAIRE

    Røine, Marianne

    2010-01-01

    Oppgaven er en del av forskningsprosjektet ”Bedre mattrygghet i hjemmet gjennom risikoanalyse av forbrukerhåndtering av mat og evaluering av risikoreduserende tiltak”, et samarbeid mellom Nofima Mat og SIFO (statens institutt for forbruksforskning). En casestudie utført ved Nofima Mat, hvor 45 frivillige forbrukere ble tildelt temperaturlogger viste at gjennomsnittlig temperatur for kjøttpålegg var 6,2 °C, og at pålegget daglig ble utsatt for temperaturer over 20 °C i gjennomsnittlig 47...

  8. Ground Zero/Fresh Kills: Cataloguing Ruins, Garbage, and Memory

    OpenAIRE

    Cinzia Scarpino

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to show how the rise and fall of the Twin Towers can be read in relation to the rise and fall of the Staten Island Fresh Kills landfill, how their destinies were entwined from the start, and how the immediate cultural response to the collapse of the former and the closing of the latter recurred to the form of catalogues of objects, words, and images. From this angle it will be possible to posit the events within a larger, if somewhat unusual, cultural frame encompassi...

  9. Samverkan arkitektur och installationer : Osynligt ventilationssystem i utställningssal på Plan 4, Nationalmuseum

    OpenAIRE

    Adolfsson, Kristoffer; Gustavsson Al-Mauly, Mayya

    2013-01-01

    Detta examensarbete har utförts i samarbete Statens Fastighetsverk. I dagsläget pågår renoveringen av Nationalmuseum där byggnaden skall återställas till sitt ursprung och ett nytt ventilationssystem skall tillgodose ett stabilt inneklimat för bevarandet av museiföremålen. Examensarbetet undersöker hur de krav som ställs på ventilationssystemet kan kombineras med de begränsningar som byggnadens kulturminnesmärkning medför genom att besvara frågan ”Hur kombinerar man dagens behov av installati...

  10. Early phase clean-up actions after nuclear accidents. Guidelines for the planner. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ulvsand, T

    1997-06-01

    The work reported has been performed with the purpose of working out a guide for planners of early clean-up actions in nuclear fallout situations and for decision makers in the Nordic countries. The actions considered are hosing of roofs, walls and paved areas, lawn mowing, removal of snow, pruning of trees and bushes and vacuum cleaning of streets. The expected effects, mainly as life time dose reduction, and consequences regarding practicability, waste produced, staffing and protection are presented for urban, suburban and rural living environments. The work has been performed within the fram work of the Nordic Nuclear Safety Research Program 1994-97 (Statens Raeddningsverk). (au)

  11. Call centre i Danmark 2004 - Ledelse, samarbejde og teknologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El-Salanti, Nadia; Sørensen, Ole Henning; Wiegmann, Inger-Marie

    Cornell University i staten New York, USA har igangsat en international benchmarking undersøgelse af HR management og ’performance’ i call centre. Den har titlen ”The Global Call Center Industry Project. Strategy, HR Practices, & Performance”. Undersøgelsen er sponsoreret af ”Russell Sage...... Foundation”. Den finder sted gennem et samarbejde mellem uafhæn-gige forskere i og omkring universitetsmiljøerne i en række lande i EU, Nordamerika, Afrika, det sydlige Asien, Syd-Øst Asien og Australien. I Danmark er det Danmarks Tekniske Universitet der er ansvarlig for un-dersøgelsen. CASA (Center for...

  12. Marknaden för gymnasial utbildning och dess problematik

    OpenAIRE

    Eklöw, Mattias; Eriksson, Marcus

    2015-01-01

    När friskolereformen i Sverige infördes 1992 blev marknaden för gymnasial utbildning konkurrenssatt. Med nya möjligheter för friskolor att bedriva gymnasial utbildningsverksamhet var statens förhoppningar att elevers preferenser bättre kunde bemötas och att resursanvändningen effektiviserades. Frågor som besvaras i uppsatsen är vad som kännetecknar marknaden, vilka strategier gymnasieskolor använder sig av, effekter av asymmetrisk information samt vilka faktorer som påverkar variationsgrad oc...

  13. Ny Mycoplasma Hyosynoviae vaccine forebygger ikke halthed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Elisabeth Okholm; Lauritsen, Klara Tølbøll; Jungersen, Gregers;

    Vaccination af smågrise mod Mykoplasma-ledbetændelser viste sig ikke at kunne forebyggede halthed hos slagtesvin. Smitte med Mycoplasma hyosynoviae (M. hyosynoviae) er ofte årsag til ledbetændelse hos slagtesvin. Der er ingen kommerciel vaccine til grise, der beskytter mod mykoplasma......-ledbetændelse. I et forskningsprojekt har forskere på Danmarks Tekniske Universitet udviklet en vaccine mod M. hyosynoviae. Vaccinen indeholder et hjælpestof, der er udviklet af Statens Seruminstitut. Den nye vaccine er testet i en slagtesvinebesætning. I alt 399 smågrise blev vaccineret med enten vaccine eller...

  14. Artifact versus arrhythmia in pseudo-polymorphic tachycardia; case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed V

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Vaseem Ahmed, Anish Patel, Abhishek Sharma, Dennis Bloomfield Department of Medicine, Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, NY, USA Abstract: We present the case of a young male patient in sinus rhythm whose electrocardiogram (ECG was initially misinterpreted as ventricular tachycardia. Electrocardiographic artifact appearing to be ventricular tachycardia commonly occurs and ECG criteria have been described to aid in the discrimination between artifact and true arrhythmia. There are many causes of artifacts and prompt recognition is important to prevent unnecessary interventions. Keywords: artifact, ventricular tachycardia, pseudo-ventricular tachycardia, notch sign, sinus sign

  15. The construction of identities, a task attributed to the school and the teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Rodríguez Lestegás

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The traditional conceptualization of a collective identity linked to a state-nation is being seriously questioned. The vindication of specific identities on the part of several regional, ethnic or cultural groups coexists with a globalisation process that tends towards cultural standardization and the uniformity of ways of life and shared values. This paper deals with the process of incorporation of the knowledge of Europe into the school culture and the outstanding role of the school and the teachers in the construction of an intercultural European identity based on the acceptance of multiple simultaneous identities.

  16. Case of early-disseminated Rhizopus microsporus var. microsporus mucormycosis in a renal transplant patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharma D

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dikshya Sharma,1 Kumud Dahal,2 Bandana Pathak,3 Udip Dahal4 1Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, 2University of Illinois College of Medicine, 3OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, Peoria, IL, 4University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA Abstract: Mucormycosis is a rare infection caused by the ubiquitous filamentous fungi of the order Mucorales and class Zygomycetes. These species are vasotropic, causing rapid onset of tissue infarctions and necrosis and subsequent thrombosis by invading vascular bed. The disease spectrum ranges from involvement of skin, sinuses, lung, and brain to disseminated and mostly fatal infections, especially in immunocompromised hosts. Here, we present a case of a fatal disseminated mucormycosis in a 56-year-old female who had deceased donor renal allograft transplantation ~2 weeks prior to presentation. She presented with shortness of breath and dry cough. Despite being on broad-spectrum antibiotics/antifungals and proper management by transplant, infectious disease, and primary team, she died within 3 weeks of admission. Autopsy showed disseminated mucormycosis of lungs and thyroid. Disseminated infection within 2 weeks of solid organ transplantation in this patient was one of the rare features of mucormycosis. Keywords: Zygomycetes, immunocompromised, transplant

  17. Is kidney function affecting the management of myocardial infarction? A retrospective cohort study in patients with normal kidney function, chronic kidney disease stage III–V, and ESRD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saad M

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Marc Saad,1 Boutros Karam,1 Geovani Faddoul,2 Youssef El Douaihy,1 Harout Yacoub,1 Hassan Baydoun,3 Christine Boumitri,1 Iskandar Barakat,1 Chadi Saifan,4 Elie El-Charabaty,4 Suzanne El Sayegh4 1Department of Internal Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, 2Department of Nephrology, Icahn School of Medicine, New York, NY, 3Department of Cardiology, Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA, 4Department of Nephrology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA Abstract: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD are three times more likely to have myocardial infarction (MI and suffer from increased morbidity and higher mortality. Traditional and unique risk factors are prevalent and constitute challenges for the standard of care. However, CKD patients have been largely excluded from clinical trials and little evidence is available to guide evidence-based treatment of coronary artery disease in patients with CKD. Our objective was to assess whether a difference exists in the management of MI (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction among patients with normal kidney function, CKD stage III–V, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD patients. We conducted a retrospective cohort study on patients admitted to Staten Island University Hospital for the diagnosis of MI between January 2005 and December 2012. Patients were assigned to one of three groups according to their kidney function: Data collected on the medical management and the use of statins, platelet inhibitors, beta-blockers, and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers were compared among the three cohorts, as well as medical interventions including: catheterization and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG when indicated. Chi-square test was used to compare the proportions between nominal variables. Binary logistic analysis was used in order to determine associations

  18. Arðsemi fjárfestinga fyrir blönduð bú

    OpenAIRE

    Helga Margrét Helgadóttir 1987

    2015-01-01

    Ritgerð þessi fjallar um möguleika blandaðra búa á Íslandi til þess að auka við tekjur sínar. Gerð verður grein fyrir tveimur fjárfestingarmöguleikum. Fyrri möguleikinn er að koma upp heimavinnslu á nauta- og lambakjöti og sá seinni er bygging á fjósi með mjaltarþjóni til þess að auka mjólkurframleiðslu. Með byggingu á fjósi með mjaltarþjóni færist bú úr því að vera blandað bú í að vera sérhæft kúabú. Í upphafi ritgerðarinnar verður farið yfir fimm þátta líkan Porters sem notað er til þes...

  19. Production, purification and structural characterisation of recombinant barley limit dextrinase and characterisation of its interaction with the endogenous limit dextrinase inhibitor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vester-Christensen, Malene Bech

    aktivet byg LD og inhibitorisk aktivt LDI blevet fremstillet ved sekretorisk ekspression ved en fermentering af Pichia pastoris med høj celledensitets. Generne som koder for henholdsvis LD og LDI (uden nativt signal peptid) blev subklonet in-frame med Saccharomyces cerevisiae -faktor sekretion signalet...... ind i P. pastoris ekspression vektor under kontrol af alkohol oxidase 1 promotoren. Optimering af en fed-batch fermentering procedure efterfulgt af affinitetskromatografi og gelfiltrering (LD) eller anionbytning (LDI) resulterede i gode udbytter af både LD og LDI. Kinetiske konstanter for LD...... varianter af LDI produceret i P. pastoris, blev bestemt ved hjælp af surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analyse. Anvendelse af en 1:1-bindingsmodel til de generede SPR data viste en høj bindingsaffinitet med KD i det subnanomolære område ved pH 6,0, 150 mM NaCl og 25 °C. Endvidere viste SPR dataene at KD var p...

  20. Solar/electric heating systems for the future energy system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Furbo, Simon; Dannemand, Mark; Perers, Bengt;

    The project “Solar/electric heating systems in the future energy system” was carried out in the period 2008‐2013. The project partners were DTU Byg, DTU Informatics (now DTU Compute), DMI, ENFOR A/S and COWI A/S. The companies Ajva ApS, Ohmatex ApS and Innogie ApS worked together with the project...... partners in two connected projects in order to develop solar/electric heating systems for laboratory tests. The project was financed by the Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation under the Danish Council for Strategic Research in the program Sustainable Energy and Environment. The DSF number...... of the project is 2104‐07‐0021/09‐063201/DSF. This report is the final report of the project. The aim of the project is to elucidate how individual heating units for single family houses are best designed in order to fit into the future energy system. The units are based on solar energy, electrical...

  1. Amniotic Fluid Chemokines and Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Exploratory Study Utilizing a Danish Historic Birth Cohort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdallah, Morsi; Larsen, Nanna; Grove, Jakob; Nørgaard-Pedersen, Bent; Thorsen, Poul; Mortensen, Erik Lykke; Hougaard, David M.

    2012-01-01

    controls was sufficient for Luminex analysis. Including all individuals in the cohort yielded no significant differences in chemokine levels in cases versus controls. Logistic regression analyses, performed on individuals diagnosed using ICD-10 only, showed increased risk for ASD with elevated MCP-1......Introduction: Elevated levels of chemokines have been reported in plasma and brain tissue of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The aim of this study was to examine chemokine levels in amniotic fluid (AF) samples of individuals diagnosed with ASD and their controls. Material and...... Methods A Danish historic birth cohort (HBC) kept at Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen was utilized. Using data from Danish nation-wide health registers, a case-control study design of 414 cases and 820 controls was adopted. Levels of MCP-1, MIP-1α and RANTES were analyzed using Luminex xMAP technology...

  2. Spills on the Arthur Kill and the Kill Van Kull

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Arthur Kill between Staten Island, New York City, and New Jersey is a heavily industrialized corridor, the site of major petroleum refineries and chemical processing facilities. New York Harbor is a busy port, second largest in the U.S. on a tonnage basis. Six thousand vessels call on the port annually, including 1700 tankers. eighteen billion gallons of petroleum are delivered annually, of which 2/3 are handled on the Kills. In this interplay of wildlife, oil and marine based transfer operations, New York harbor COTP area experiences oil spills, releasing 250,000 average total annual volume. In the first three months of 1990 the volume of oil spilled approximately 750,000 gallons was released, threefold the annual average. The three major spills which caused this large release, and the governmental response, from the subject of this paper

  3. Får vi også en sundhedskanon?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kristian

    2008-01-01

    om, at der er tale om en endeløs disciplinering af den danske befolkning. Først skulle smagsdommerne ud. Siden har vi set en kulturkanon, en litteraturkanon og nu også en demokrati kanon. Mon der kommer en sundhedskanon? En sundhedskanon Hvad er en sundhedskanon? Det er en beskrivelse af, hvordan den...... kroppe og ekskluderer andre. Og den kraft denne proces iværksættes med, er så meget stærkere, som den er en statsligt legitimeret. Der er forskel på at høre om sunde kroppe gennem diverse medier (det er slemt nok) og så at staten, ligesom med autorisation af visse faggrupper eller udstedelse af...

  4. Peer til peer i arbejdet med udsatte mennesker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dindler, Camilla; Ahlmark, Nanna; Norrhäll, Oskar;

    mænd i risiko for at udvikle type 2 diabetes. En del af evalueringsopdraget har været at tilvejebringe viden om relevant litteratur om peer-metoder. I denne forbindelse er dette notat udarbejdet til Københavns Kommunes Forebyggelsescenter Nørrebro af evaluerings-teamet, som består af forsker, Nanna......Statens Institut for Folkesundhed, Syddansk Universitet har fået til opdrag at lave en formativ procesevaluering af Københavns Kommunes projekt Mænd i København. Projektet omhandler udvikling og implementering af en peer til peer indsats med henblik på at forbedre sundhed og trivsel blandt udsatte...... Ahlmark, adjunkt ved Aalborg Universitet Camilla Dindler, praktikant og specialestuderende Oskar Norrhäll og specialestuderende Pernille Hartvig Jensen. Notatet er en sammenfatning af udvalgt forskningslitteratur og rapporter om peer til peer-relaterede projekter målrettet udsatte grupper i forbindelse...

  5. The role of geospatial data in management of Croatian national parks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran ŠIKIĆ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Nature protection, especially protection of most valuable parts enclosed in national parks and nature parks is today unthinkable without quality and updated geospatial data organized in efficient geographical information systems. Due to the fact that modern management today is based on geospatial information it resulted with definition of spatial data infrastructure concept. On the national level nature protection is also enclosed with national spatial data infrastructure so that creation and usage of geospatial information hast to be conducted in synergy between the stakeholders of the national infrastructure. For the purpose of synergetic cooperation models development and solving of present problems, Ministry of culture – Nature protection directorate, State geodetic administration and State institute for nature protection have in cooperation with the Norwegian mapping and cadastre authority (Statens kartverk accomplished PAMS (Protected Area Management System project on the location of National park Kornati. Results and findings accomplished through this project are presented in this article.

  6. Innovation on Smart Grids and energy storage. IA Special; Innovation on Smart Grids and energy storage. IA Special

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-15

    In this special edition of the Innovation Network Attache a large number of short articles on aspects of ICT aspects of intellligent energy networks, the security and integrity of the use and control of those networks, and energy storage. In this special an overview is given of the most important developments in Israel, Russian Federation, Brazil, Netherlands, France, Germany, Singapore, Japan, Taiwan, China, South Korea, India, United States and Canada [Dutch] In deze special van het Innovation Attache Netwerk een groot aantal korte artikelen over de ICT aspecten van intellligente energie netten, de veiligheid en integriteit van het gebruik en sturing ervan, en energie opslag. In de special een overzicht van in het oog springende ontwikkelingen in de landen Israel, Rusland, Brazilie, Nederland, Frankrijk, Duitsland, Singapore, Japan, Taiwan, China, Zuid-Korea, India, Verenigde Staten en Canada.

  7. Gemensam pensionsrätt : - en studie av nyttan med gemensamma annuiteter inom ramen för DC-system

    OpenAIRE

    Strand, Emma

    2009-01-01

    I Sverige finns till skillnad från många andra länder inget fullt efterlevandeskydd för efterlevande när det gäller pensionerna. Ett införande av gemensamma pensionsrätter har tagits upp som förslag i Statens offentliga utredningar men har ännu inte genomförts.1 I denna uppsats analyseras hur gemensamma pensionsrätter påverkar levnadsstandarden under pensionstiden för par och för den efterlevande i paret. Detta genomförs genom en sammanställning av tolv par och beräkningar a...

  8. Overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Krog, Jesper Schak; Madsen, Jesper J.;

    Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2014 blev udført i samarbejde mellem Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET), Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ” Projektplan vedr....... overvågningen af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2014” (bilag 4). Overvågning af AI på EU niveau går tilbage til 2002, og Danmark er underlagt EU kommissionens bestemmelser for udformning af overvågningen, der dog har skiftet gennem årene i takt med indhøstede erfaringer. I 2014 blev der udført passiv...

  9. Leadership pipeline i den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Kristian Aagaard; Molly-Søholm, Thorkil

    en rejse ind i hjertet af offentlig ledelse med fokus på lederniveauerne: topchef, funktionel chef, leder af ledere og leder af medarbejdere. Med afsæt i righoldige eksempler og fortællinger fra virkeligheden introduceres læseren for ledelsesteorien den Offentlige Leadership Pipeline, som giver...... enkelte lederniveauer og udvikle ledertalenter. Teorien byder på et detaljeret ledelsesgrundlag, hvorudfra den offentlige organisation kan bygge en professionel værdikæde for ledelse ved at forme lederprofiler, -rekruttering, -uddannelse, -evaluering m.m. Leadership Pipeline i den offentlige sektor er...... baseret på et treårigt dansk praksisorienteret forskningsprojekt med deltagelse af 15 offentlige organisationer, som repræsenterer kommunerne, regionerne og staten. Projektet har videreudviklet en af de sidste 10 års mest indflydelsesrige ledelseteorier i de største private organisationer, Leadership...

  10. A comprehensive assessment of mercury exposure in penguin populations throughout the Southern Hemisphere: Using trophic calculations to identify sources of population-level variation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brasso, Rebecka L; Chiaradia, André; Polito, Michael J; Raya Rey, Andrea; Emslie, Steven D

    2015-08-15

    The wide geographic distribution of penguins (Order Sphenisciformes) throughout the Southern Hemisphere provided a unique opportunity to use a single taxonomic group as biomonitors of mercury among geographically distinct marine ecosystems. Mercury concentrations were compared among ten species of penguins representing 26 geographically distinct breeding populations. Mercury concentrations were relatively low (⩽2.00ppm) in feathers from 18/26 populations considered. Population-level differences in trophic level explained variation in mercury concentrations among Little, King, and Gentoo penguin populations. However, Southern Rockhopper and Magellanic penguins breeding on Staten Island, Tierra del Fuego, had the highest mercury concentrations relative to their conspecifics despite foraging at a lower trophic level. The concurrent use of stable isotope and mercury data allowed us to document penguin populations at the greatest risk of exposure to harmful concentrations of mercury as a result of foraging at a high trophic level or in geographic 'hot spots' of mercury availability. PMID:26072048

  11. Specific T-cell epitopes for immunoassay-based diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brock, I; Weldingh, K; Leyten, EM; Arend, SM; Ravn, Pernille; Andersen, P

    2004-01-01

    Specific T-cell epitopes for immunoassay-based diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.Brock I, Weldingh K, Leyten EM, Arend SM, Ravn P, Andersen P. Department of Infectious Disease Immunology, Statens Serum Institute, Artillerivej 5, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark. The currently used...... method for immunological detection of tuberculosis infection, the tuberculin skin test, has low specificity. Antigens specific for Mycobacterium tuberculosis to replace purified protein derivative are therefore urgently needed. We have performed a rigorous assessment of the diagnostic potential of four...... recently identified antigens (Rv2653, Rv2654, Rv3873, and Rv3878) from genomic regions that are lacking from the Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine strains as well as from the most common nontuberculous mycobacteria. The fine specificity of potential epitopes in these molecules was...

  12. Miljøvern- og hva så? : en studie av politisk organisering og holdning til miljøvern i Norge, Storbritannia og Tyskland

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Temaet for oppgaven er utviklingen av miljøvern i Norge, Storbritannia og Tyskland fra 1970 og frem til i dag. I disse landene har miljøvernsaken utviklet seg på ulike måter. Tidligere forskning har vist hvordan den politiske organiseringen av miljøvern har fått følger for organiseringen av miljøvernbevegelsen i ulike land. Jeg ønsker å finne ut om ulikheter i organisering av miljøvern, både fører til ulikt syn i befolkningen på statens rolle i forhold til miljøvern og på hvor høyt befolkning...

  13. System Identification of Irrigation Channels with Overshot and Undershot gates

    OpenAIRE

    Euren, Karin

    2004-01-01

    I Australien är vattenresurserna begränsade. För lantbrukare är tillgängligheten på vatten mycket viktig. På grund av det torra klimatet kan inte de Australiensiska bönderna förlita sig på nederbörden. Bevattningssystemen är därför en viktig del i jordbrukningsindustrin. Bevattningsområdet i Coleambally ligger i södra New South Wales nära gränsen till staten Victoria. Bevattningsnätet i Coleambally förser ofta bevattningskanalerna med för mycket vatten för att vara säker på att lantbrukarna f...

  14. Violence and displacement: Towards a regional and local interpretation. The case of Risaralda and its capital Pereira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Adolfo Martínez Herrera

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available This dissertation tries to make an analysis about phenomenons of violence in the region of Risaralda and your capital Pereira. The established reflection is made by means of a historical view, a violence characterization and some of your causal explanations, a reflection where the main reference is the territory and your manifold scenes that conjugate actors crossing, interests and territorial dominions, besides, a migratory process by violence (displacement by violence that materializes the sequels of conflict, and finally, by means of a local view that recognizes in the globalized societies, new non regulated scenes of conflict by the state-nation. This analysis permits to recognize the territorial topics of control and dominion and it identifies some of the structural explanations that show continuities and discontinuities that have an effect on population of the region in a differentiated way. The reflection provokes new questions to guide next investigations in the region.

  15. Hur bemöter man idag tibetanska flyktingbarn i Dharamsala?

    OpenAIRE

    Bergström, Kavita

    2008-01-01

    Detta arbete bygger på en studieresa, under en månads tid, till Indien, Dharamsala. Dharamsa-la är känd för att inhysa den tibetanska statens exilregering och inte minst den tibetanska bud-dismens andlige ledare Dalai Lama. Därav är Dharamsala en viktig tillflyktsort för de tibe-tanska flyktingar som undkommit den Kinesiska regeringens förtryck i Tibet. Syftet med denna studie blir därför, att få mer insikt och kunskap om hur man idag i Dha-ramsala bemöter tibetanska flyktingbarn från Tibet. ...

  16. Kombineret dagslys og intelligent LED belysning - få dagslys ind i bygningerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam-Hansen, Carsten; Corell, Dennis Dan; Thorseth, Anders;

    This report contains a description of the work carried out and the results of the research and development project ”Combined daylight and Intelligent LED lighting ‐ getting the daylight into the buildings” and form the final report for this project. The project is carried out in cooperation between...... the following partners: DTU Fotonik, Statens Byggeforsknings‐institut, Rambøll Danmark, Energirådgiveren and Philips Lighting Denmark. The project has been led by DTU Fotonik, Senior scientist, Ph.d. Carsten Dam‐Hansen The project was financed by the Danish Energy Association through Elforsk’s PSO...... of the project, the work and results together with future perspectives of the results of the project. The report contains an overview of dynamic lighting systems and a description of the development of a new intelligent dynamic lighting system based on color mixing LED technology. The system, which...

  17. Autism Spectrum Disorders and Maternal Serum α-Fetoprotein Levels During Pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdallah, Morsi; Grove, Jakob; Hougaard, David M;

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Numerous studies have been trying to disentangle the complex pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In our study, we explored the potential role of maternal serum (MS) α-fetoprotein (AFP) in the prediction and the pathophysiology of ASD. Methods: A total of 112 patients with...... ASD and 243 control subjects were included in a case–control study using a historic birth cohort maintained at Statens Serum Institute. Measurements of MS-AFP were obtained from a multicentre screening program, whereas clinical data were obtained from nationwide registers. Association between MS-AFP...... and ASD status was analyzed using a logistic regression model and nonparametric tests. Results: Crude, but not adjusted estimates, showed that MS-AFP levels were slightly, but significantly, higher in mothers of children with ASD, compared with their control subject counterparts. People with ASD had...

  18. Autism Spectrum Disorders and Maternal Serum alpha-Fetoprotein Levels During Pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdallah, Morsi; Grove, Jakob; Hougaard, David M;

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Numerous studies have been trying to disentangle the complex pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In our study, we explored the potential role of maternal serum (MS) alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in the prediction and the pathophysiology of ASD. Methods: A total of 112 patients...... with ASD and 243 control subjects were included in a case-control study, using a historic birth cohort maintained at Statens Serum Institute. Measurements of MS-AFP were obtained from a multicentre screening program, whereas clinical data were obtained from nationwide registers. Association between MS-AFP...... and ASD status was analyzed using logistic regression models and nonparametric tests. Results: Crude, but not adjusted, estimates showed that MS-AFP levels were slightly, but significantly, higher in mothers of children with ASD, compared with their control subject counterparts. People with ASD had an...

  19. Serious Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jens

    Serious Games er et nyt it-forretningsområde, der siden årtusindskiftet er vokset frem, først i USA og dernæst i Vesteuropa og and i-lande. Til forskel fra computerspil er serious games ikke underholdning, men tænkt som et værktøj til støtte for statens og erhvervslivets forskellige funktioner. Det...... amerikanske militær har været fødselshjælper for den nye teknologi. Herfra har serious games bredt sig til andre sektorer og og i-lande, inkl. Danmark. Bogen skildrer, hvordan det nye forretningsområde er i færd med at blive udkrystalliseret af en række beslægtede industrigrene, og hvordan udviklingen er...

  20. Hydrolytic enzyme activity in landfilled refuse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palmisano, A.C.; Schwab, B.S.; Maruscik, D.A. (Environmental Safety Dept., Procter and Gamble Co., Ivorydale Technical Center, Cincinnati, OH (United States))

    1993-03-01

    Extracellular hydrolytic enzyme activity was assayed in 28 refuse samples excavated from 14 bore holes in Fesh Kills Landfill, Staten Island, N.Y. Esterases, proteases and amylases were present in all of the samples. Enzyme screening assays utilizing the APIZYM test system showed the incidence of enzymes in the order: Specific phosphatases>esterases>glycosyl hydrolases. Measurement of cellulase by the cellulose-azure test detected activity in two out of 28 samples. Analysis for cellulase activity using the cellulose-azure test on refuse samples from landfills in Naples, Florida, and Tucson, Arizona, also showed a limited distribution of cellulases. Mineralization of [[sup 14]C]cellulose, an independent measure of cellulase activity, ranged from <5 to 23% in a 4-week incubation, which supports a highly variable cellulolytic activity in landfilled refuse. (orig.).

  1. Del Estado-nación al Estado-marca. El rol de la diplomacia pública y la marca de país en el nuevo escenario de las relaciones internacionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi de San Eugenio Vela

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The establishment of relationships between countries in a global era seems to require new strategies that, in some cases, transcend traditional state diplomacy. In this sense, public diplomacy has become a renewed strategy of transnational representativeness in which the country brand exerts an important role as mechanism for agglutinating and transmitting national identities. Thus, the new soft power of geographical representation seems to take place within the weakening of the state-nation and clearly benefits a new way of communicating the identity of a country which is closer to the intervention of different social agents than to the signing of international treaties, a competence traditionally reserved for governments. Based on a review of existing literature, this article presents the state of the art related to the new strategies of international representativeness that have been executed by countries and nations.

  2. "Floating signifiers": Negotiating the meaning of national in Montenegro, at the Internet chat room Café del Montenegro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čarna Brković

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper represents the analysis of the narratives that deal with the sentiment of national belonging in Montenegro within the chat room Café del Montenegro. The practice of the Internet chat room users is perceived as cultural engagement – „practicing" the State and the emotion of national identification of its own kind. By writing, arguing, negotiating the meaning of the state and nation an abundance of different and broken knowledge’s are created- many histories, geographies, ethics and politics are offered. On the one hand, these directly undermines, jeopardizes and questions the power of the State narrative, hitherto negotiating the nation, the State, authentic devotion, simultaneously manufacturing the state-nation as a reality. The result of mutual correspondence in the chat room is persistent negotiation of the meaning of national categories in Montenegro over the years.

  3. Overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Krog, Jesper Schak; Madsen, Jesper J.;

    Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem Fødevaresty......Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem...... Fødevarestyrelsen og Veterinærinstituttet om overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012” (bilag 4). Overvågning af AI på EU niveau går tilbage til 2002, og Danmark er underlagt EU kommissionens bestemmelser for udformning af overvågningen, der dog har skiftet gennem årene i takt med indhøstede...... erfaringer. I 2012 blev der udført passiv overvågning af døde vilde fugle, der blev fundet i naturen på lokaliteter, der fordelte sig over det meste af landet. Der blev testet 18 fugle, og ingen af disse var positive for HPAI. To prøver var positive for LPAI virus, men disse virus var ikke af influenza A H5...

  4. Overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle 2012 i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Trebbien, Ramona; Madsen, Jesper J.;

    Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem Fødevaresty......Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem...... Fødevarestyrelsen og Veterinærinstituttet om overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012” (bilag 4). Overvågning af AI på EU niveau går tilbage til 2002, og Danmark er underlagt EU kommissionens bestemmelser for udformning af overvågningen, der dog har skiftet gennem årene i takt med indhøstede...... erfaringer. I 2012 blev der udført passiv overvågning af døde vilde fugle, der blev fundet i naturen på lokaliteter, der fordelte sig over det meste af landet. Der blev testet 18 fugle, og ingen af disse var positive for HPAI. To prøver var positive for LPAI virus, men disse virus var ikke af influenza A H5...

  5. Hyperhomocysteinemia and vascular access thrombosis in hemodialysis patients: a retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saifan C

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Chadi Saifan, Elie El-Charabaty, Suzanne El-SayeghStaten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USABackground: Elevated total plasma homocysteine is an independent risk factor for arterial and venous thrombosis in patients with normal renal function. Patients on hemodialysis have a high prevalence of mild to moderate hyperhomocysteinemia. Conflicting retrospective analyses and prospective studies have been reported regarding the association between total homocysteine levels and hemodialysis vascular thrombosis. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the relationship between hyperhomocysteinemia and vascular access thrombosis (VAT in patients on hemodialysis.Methods: One hundred and twenty-five patients undergoing dialysis were selected as subjects. The experimental group participants were identified as those having one or more VAT during the previous 13 months and the control group participants had no access thrombosis during the same period. Additional subgroup analysis included the presence of hypertension, diabetes, low-density lipoprotein levels, sex, and use of aspirin.Results: No statistically significant difference was found in total homocysteine levels between the two groups (P = 0.27. No association was found between VAT and sex (P = 0.09, VAT and hypertension (P = 0.96, VAT and diabetes (P = 0.49, nor VAT and low-density lipoprotein level (P = 0.04. A lower rate of VAT was associated with aspirin intake (P = 0.04.Conclusion: This study did not demonstrate a relationship between total homocysteine concentrations and risk of VAT in patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis. There were no significant differences in the number of VAT across additional variables of sex and previous morbidity. Aspirin intake was associated with a lower incidence of VAT.Keywords: hyperhomocysteinemia, vascular access thrombosis, hemodialysis

  6. Lethal response of the dengue vectors to the plant extracts from family Anacardiaceae

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ali Yousaf; Wan Fatma Zuharah

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the larvicidal activities of different plant parts ofMelanochyla fasciculiflora(M. fasciculiflora),Gluta renghas(G. renghas),Anacardium occidentale and Mangifera indica from family Anacardiaceae against the laboratory and field strains of dengue vectorsAedes aegyptiandAedes albopictus(Ae. albopictus). Methods: Leaves and bark parts of study plants were collected from Taman Nageri, Bukit Pancor and Teluk Bahang National Park, Penang, Malaysia. Leaves and stem barks were separated, air dried, ground and extracted with methanol by Soxhlet apparatus. Crude extract was obtained by evaporating the extra solvent in rotary evaporator. The 4th instar larvae from laboratory and field strains were exposed to 50-1 300 mg/L concentrations according to World Health Organization standard larval bioassay. Larval mortality was recorded after 24 h of exposure. Results: Highest larvicidal activity was exhibited byG. renghas bark extract againstAe. albopictus laboratory strain at 600 mg/L.G. renghas also showed the highest larvicidal activities for other strains as compared to other plant extracts, followed byMangifera indica andM. fasciculilfora andAnacardium occidentale. Conclusions:Ae.albopictus has been found to be more susceptible as compare toAedes aegypti in both laboratory and field strains in this study.G. renghas andM. fasciculiflora were tested for the first time and exhibited prompting larvicidal activities against dengue vectors. These results revealed that all the plants especiallyG. renghas andM. fasciculilfora have the higher larvicidal activities and can be used for the control of dengue vector as a new environment friendly, target specific and low cost phytochemical.

  7. Antibacterial activity of eight Iranian plant extracts against methicillin and cefixime restistant Staphylococcous aureus strains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Morteza Shojaei Moghadam; Susan Maleki; Esmaeil Darabpour; Hossein Motamedi; Seyyed Mansour Seyyed Nejad

    2010-01-01

    Objective:To assess the antibacterial activity of eight Iranian plant extracts against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus)strains which were isolated from infected patients.Methods:The studied strains were isolated from urine, stool, blood and wound of infected patients and identified by biochemical tests. In further, the antibacterial activity of 8 ethanolic local plant extracts includingQuerqus brantii (Q. brantii),Ziziphus spina-christi (Z. spina-christi),Peganum harmala(P. harmala),Oliveira decumbens (O. decumbens),Galium tricornutum(G. tricornutum), Vitex pseudonegundo (Vi. pseudo negundo),Salvia officinalis (S. officinalis) ,Vaccaria pyramidata (V.pyramidata)were then evaluated using agar disc diffusion method.Results:A total of 9 isolates were isolated and identified asS. aureus. Antibacterial profile of the strains showed that the strains were resistant to methicillin and cefixime. The highest antibacterial activity against the studied strains were belong toQ. brantii,P. harmala,Z. spina-christi andO. decumbens vent extracts with 11-40 mm, 15-28 mm, 8-26 mm and 10-20 mm of diameters, respectively. Intermediate antibacterial activity was exhibited byG. tricornutum andVi. pseudo negundo against some of the studied strains with 7-20 mm and 7-13 mm of diameters, respectively. Noteworthy, out of 9 studied strains; 6 and 2 of them were resistant to theG. tricornutum andVi. pseudo negundo extracts, respectively. TheS. officinalis andVa. pyramidata, however, showed no antibacterial activity against the studied strains.Conclusions: TheQ. brantii,P. harmala,Z. spina-christi andO. decumbens extracts were shown to possess strong antibacterial activity against methicillin and cefixime resistant S. aureus strains and can be considered as the promising natural antibiotics for treating the studied strains.

  8. New national Biobank of The Danish Center for Strategic Research on Type 2 Diabetes (DD2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christensen H

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Henry Christensen,1 Jens Steen Nielsen,2 Karina Meden Sørensen,3 Mads Melbye,3 Ivan Brandslund1,41Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Vejle Hospital, Vejle, Denmark; 2The Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2, Department of Endocrinology M, Diabetes Research Centre, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark; 3Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark; 4Institute of Regional Health Research, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, DenmarkAbstract: Long-term storage of biological samples from patients has become increasingly important in studies of disease control and treatment. The first nationwide Danish diabetes project, ie, The Danish Center for Strategic Research in Type II Diabetes (DD2, aims to improve treatment and the long-term outcome of patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D. The DD2 project includes establishment of a biobank with samples from 50,000 patients with newly diagnosed T2D. This paper describes how blood and urine samples from 10,000 patients per year are collected, handled, and stored. The biobank includes whole blood, DNA, and plasma and urine samples, all frozen at −80°C. Sampling tubes have been standardized and are sent to hospital outpatient clinics and general practitioners where samples are taken, handled, aliquoted, and returned by mail overnight in standardized cryostorage tubes. When received at the biobank, samples are frozen without further treatment. From each patient, 24 cryostorage tubes are stored. Each tube is labeled with a barcode that links the data to other information available in a clinical databank registry. When patients are enrolled in DD2, a questionnaire is filled out and a quality monitoring system ensures that patients, samples, and questionnaires can be linked together at all times. The biobank is located at Vejle Hospital and the Danish National Biobank at Statens Serum Institut. As of the end of March 2012

  9. Necrotizing RPGN with linear anti IgG deposits in a patient with history of granulomatosis with polyangiitis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parekh N

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Ninad Parekh, Edward Epstein, Suzanne El-Sayegh Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA Introduction: Diagnosing the etiology of a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis is of vital importance to guide appropriate therapeutic management. This case highlights the complexity involved in establishing diagnosis when presentation is atypical. In certain cases diagnosis cannot be established based on clinical presentation or biopsy findings alone, and critical analysis of biopsy findings in context of clinical presentation is crucial to guide the clinical decision-making process.Case presentation: A 47-year-old Hispanic male with history of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA in remission on azathioprine, presented with fatigue and lethargy. Physical examination was unremarkable. Laboratory data revealed elevated creatinine and otherwise normal electrolytes. Urinalysis showed numerous dysmorphic red blood cells with few red cell casts. His serologic results were all negative except anti-proteinase-3 antibody at very low titers. Kidney biopsy showed necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis with linear immunoglobulin G staining along the basement membrane.Conclusion: This case presented conflicting serologic and histopathologic findings. The presence of anti-proteinase-3 antibody supported diagnosis of recurrence of GPA. However, linear staining of immunoglobulin G (IgG on immunofluorescence (IF staining of renal biopsy supported anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM disease. The treatment of anti-GBM disease and GPA both involve immunosuppression with prednisone and cyclophosphamide. However, patients with anti-GBM disease are also treated with plasmapheresis early in the disease presentation to prevent further damage. The patient with GPA, on the other hand, was shown to benefit from plasmapheresis only in the case of severe renal disease (serum creatinine level more than 5 mg/dL or

  10. Prøveprosjekt med mammografiscreeening i fire fylker; organisering og gjennomføring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steinar Østerbø Thoresen

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGRandomiserte kontrollerte studier har vist at systematisk mammografiscreening i aldersgruppen 50 til 69 årreduserer dødeligheten av brystkreft med omlag 30%. I 1994 ble det av Sosial- og helsedepartementetbesluttet å iverksette et prøveprosjekt med mammografi i fire fylker. Prosjektet omfatter kvinner i alderen50-69 år og skal pågå i fire år med to screeningrunder. Utvalgte fylker er Akershus, Hordaland, Oslo ogRogaland. Det er valgt en fylkeskommunal modell i samarbeid med Kreftregisteret, Statens helseundersøkelser(SHUS og Statens strålevern. Kreftregisteret har den nasjonale prosjektledelse, mens SHUS haransvar for invitasjoner, svarbrev samt innkjøp og drift av busser. Prosjektet skal evalueres både frakostnadsiden og informasjonsvirksomheten. Det utføres to-bilde mammografi med dobbelt tyding. Detførste driftsåret var 1996. Oppmøte før purring ligger på omlag 77%. Det er påvist 337 krefttilfeller.Svulstene er overveiende meget små og uten spredning til lymfeknuter i armhulen. Det har vært få driftsproblemer,og tiltaket er svært godt mottatt blant de inviterte kvinner.Thoresen SØ. Mammography screening in four Norwegian counties: a pilot project.Nor J Epidemiol ENGLISH SUMMARYOrganised breast cancer screening by mammography can reduce mortality from breast cancer substantially.In Norway a pilot project in four counties was startet in 1996, including 160 000 women in the age group50 to 69 years. Two-view mammography and double reading are performed. So far the attendance rate is77%, before reminders are sent to the women. The attendance rate in the mobile units are high. A total of337 breast cancers have been identified, which is seven out of 1000 screened. The positive predictive valueis 13%. The majority of the invasive tumors are small and without nodal involvement. The pilot project isscheduled for four years and will also be evaluated form the cost/benefit side.1997; 7 (2: 179-182.

  11. Treatment of relapsing Clostridium difficile infection using fecal microbiota transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pathak R

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Rahul Pathak,1 Hill Ambrose Enuh,1 Anish Patel,1 Prasanna Wickremesinghe21Department of Internal Medicine, New York Medical College, Internal Medicine Program at Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, NY, USA; 2Department of Gastrointestinal Medicine, New York Medical College, Internal Medicine Program at Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, NY, USABackground: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI has become a global concern over the last decade. In the United States, CDI escalated in incidence from 1996 to 2005 from 31 to 64/100,000. In 2010, there were 500,000 cases of CDI with an estimated mortality up to 20,000 cases a year. The significance of this problem is evident from the hospital costs of over 3 billion dollars annually. Fecal microbiota transplant (FMT was first described in 1958 and since then about 500 cases have been published in literature in various small series and case reports. This procedure has been reported mainly from centers outside of the United States and acceptance of the practice has been difficult. Recently the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA labeled FMT as a biological drug; as a result, guidelines will soon be required to help establish it as a mainstream treatment. More US experience needs to be reported to popularize this procedure here and form guidelines.Method: We did a retrospective review of our series of patients with relapsing CDI who were treated with FMT over a 3-year period. We present our experience with FMT at a community hospital as a retrospective review and describe our procedure.Results: There were a total of 12 patients who underwent FMT for relapsing C. difficile. Only one patient failed to respond and required a second FMT. There were no complications associated with the transplant and all patients had resolution of symptoms within 48 hours of FMT.Conclusion: FMT is a cheap, easily available, effective therapy for recurrent CDI; it can be safely performed in a

  12. IgA-dominant post-infectious glomerulonephritis presenting as a fatal pulmonary-renal syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saad M

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Marc Saad,1 Magda Daoud,1 Patricia Nasr,1 Rafeel Syed,2 Suzanne El-Sayegh2 1Department of Medicine, 2Department of Nephrology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA Abstract: Over the last decades, post-infectious glomerulonephritis underwent major changes in its epidemiology, pathophysiology, and outcomes. We are reporting a case of IgA-dominant post-infectious glomerulonephritis (IgA-PIGN presenting as a fatal pulmonary-renal syndrome. An 86-year-old Filipino man presented with worsening dyspnea, hemoptysis, and decreased urine output over 2 weeks. Past medical history is significant for hypertension, chronic kidney disease stage III, and pneumonia 3 weeks prior treated with intravenous cefazolin for methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. Physical examination was remarkable for heart rate of 109/min and respiratory rate of 25/min saturating 99% on 3 liters via nasal cannula. There were bibasilar rales in the lungs and bilateral ankle edema. A chest radiograph showed bibasilar opacifications. Blood work was significant for hemoglobin of 8.3 g/dL and creatinine of 9.2 mg/dL (baseline of 1.67. TTE showed EF 55%. Urinalysis revealed large blood and red blood cell casts. Kidney ultrasound showed bilateral echogenicity compatible with renal disease. Pulse methylprednisolone therapy and hemodialysis were initiated with patient's condition precluding kidney biopsy. Serology workup for rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis was negative. On day 7, the patient required mechanical ventilation; bronchoscopy showed alveolar hemorrhage and plasmapheresis was initiated. Renal biopsy revealed IgA-PIGN with endocapillary and focal extracapillary proliferative and exudative features. IgA-PIGN occurs in diabetic elderly (mean age of 60 years, 0–16 weeks after an infection mainly by Staphylococcus. However, this nondiabetic patient had normal complement IgA-PIGN with fatal pulmonary-renal syndrome. Understanding the

  13. Cloud Immunization and Security for e-Governance Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rama Krushna Das

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Different e-Governance applications in India are using Cloud for making the services scalable, stretchable and cost effective. Starting from the IT centres being setup at  Panchayat level to the State/National data centres use the Cloud to create a common infrastructure that would be accessible by all. The focus is to enable sharing of resources, ensure security and take technology to the smaller towns and villages. But the major concern is to ensure security. This paper proposes a security solution   by using architectural framework, open source products and immunization algorithm. Our interest is to use Artificial Immune System (AIS with Clonal Selection Algorithm (CLONA for secure transaction of e-Governance services. The porosed Cloud architecture adopts the learning process and follows security optimization techniques. This technique uses spontaneous action-event transactional state of Cloud Immunization and Security (CIS, defined security services such as Authentication, Firewall and Antivirus. With these technique and services the CIS system is empowered to dynamically determine the best clone and the best antibody.  Intruder attacks termed as new antigens when approaches the Cloud, then the cloud system’s antibody known as threat detector follows Hamming Distance calculation to evaluate the threat termed as “affinity”. These affinity alerts and protects the Cloud system through CIS to undertake any kind of future attempt and attacks by the intruders.

  14. Sammenligning av to blodprøver fra samme person analysert ved to laboratorier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aage Tverdal

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  INNLEDNINGEpidemiologiske undersøkelser av lipidnivået hosbefolkningen er helt avhengig av at analysemetodeneholder stabilt nivå over flere år. Dette er lettest å oppnåhvis man hele tiden benytter ett laboratorium, oghjerte-karundersøkelsene til Statens helseundersøkelserhar konsekvent benyttet Klinisk kjemisk avdeling,Ullevål sykehus. Ulike hensyn kan likevel tilsi at andrelaboratorier benyttes. Undersøkelsene til Universiteteti Tromsø som har har vært gjennomført fire ganger iperioden 1973-1995, har vært utført ved Kliniskkjemisk avdeling, Regionsykehuset i Tromsø. Helseundersøkelseni Nord-Trøndelag 1995-1997 harbenyttet Sentrallaboratoriet, Innherred sykehus. I dettearbeidet viser vi hvor store forskjellene blir hvisfeltlagene sender prøver fra samme person til ulikelaboratorier. Vi har undersøkt forskjellene mellomRegionsykehuset i Tromsø og Ullevål sykehus, ogmellom Innherred sykehus og Ullevål sykehus.

  15. Ella-V and technology usage technology usage in an english language and literacy acquisition validation randomized controlled trial study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roisin P. Corcoran

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the use of technology to provide virtual professional development (VPD for teachers and to conduct classroom observations in a study of English Language Learner (ELL instruction in grades K–3. The technology applications were part of a cluster randomized control trial (RCT design for a federally funded longitudinal validation study of a particular program, English Language and Literacy Acquisition-Validation, ELLA- V, to determine its degree of impact on English oral language/literacy, reading, and science across 63 randomly assigned urban, suburban, and rural schools (first year of implementation. ELLA-V also examines the impact of bimonthly VPD for treatment teachers compared to comparison group teachers on pedagogical skills, measured by sound observation instruments, and on student achievement, measured by state/national English language/literacy/reading tests and a national science test. This study features extensive technology use via virtual observations, bimonthly VPD, and randomly assigned treatment and control schools with students served in English as second language (ESL instructional time. The study design and methodology are discussed relativeto the specialized uses of technology and issues involving the evaluation of technology’s contribution to the intervention of interest and of the efficient, cost-effective execution of the study.

  16. Retrieving moisture profiles from precipitable water measurements using a variational data assimilation approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guo, Y.R.; Zou, X.; Kuo, Y.H. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

    1996-04-01

    Atmospheric moisture distribution is directly related to the formation of clouds and precipitation and affects the atmospheric radiation and climate. Currently, several remote sensing systems can measure precipitable water (PW) with fairly high accuracy. As part of the development of an Integrated Data Assimilation and Sounding System in support of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program, retrieving the 3-D water vapor fields from PW measurements is an important problem. A new four dimensional variational (4DVAR) data assimilation system based on the Penn State/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) mesoscale model (MM5) has been developed by Zou et al. (1995) with the adjoint technique. In this study, we used this 4DVAR system to retrieve the moisture profiles. Because we do not have a set of real observed PW measurements now, the special soundings collected during the Severe Environmental Storm and Mesoscale Experiment (SESAME) in 1979 were used to simulate a set of PW measurements, which were then assimilated into the 4DVAR system. The accuracy of the derived water vapor fields was assessed by direct comparison with the detailed specific humidity soundings. The impact of PW assimilation on precipitation forecast was examined by conducting a series of model forecast experiments started from the different initial conditions with or without data assimilation.

  17. A comprehensive assessment of mercury exposure in penguin populations throughout the Southern Hemisphere: Using trophic calculations to identify sources of population-level variation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Mercury concentrations documented for 10 species of penguins (26 breeding populations). • Mercury concentrations ⩽2.00 ppm in feathers from 18/26 penguin populations. • Trophic level calculations revealed source of population-level variation in mercury. • First documentation of geographic mercury ‘hotspots’ for penguin populations. - Abstract: The wide geographic distribution of penguins (Order Sphenisciformes) throughout the Southern Hemisphere provided a unique opportunity to use a single taxonomic group as biomonitors of mercury among geographically distinct marine ecosystems. Mercury concentrations were compared among ten species of penguins representing 26 geographically distinct breeding populations. Mercury concentrations were relatively low (⩽2.00 ppm) in feathers from 18/26 populations considered. Population-level differences in trophic level explained variation in mercury concentrations among Little, King, and Gentoo penguin populations. However, Southern Rockhopper and Magellanic penguins breeding on Staten Island, Tierra del Fuego, had the highest mercury concentrations relative to their conspecifics despite foraging at a lower trophic level. The concurrent use of stable isotope and mercury data allowed us to document penguin populations at the greatest risk of exposure to harmful concentrations of mercury as a result of foraging at a high trophic level or in geographic ‘hot spots’ of mercury availability

  18. ThermoEnergy Ammonia Recovery Process for Municipal and Agricultural Wastes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex G. Fassbender

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The Ammonia Recovery Process (ARP is an award-winning, low-cost, environmentally responsible method of recovering nitrogen, in the form of ammonia, from various dilute waste streams and converting it into concentrated ammonium sulfate. The ThermoEnergy Biogas System utilizes the new chemisorption-based ARP to recover ammonia from anaerobically digested wastes. The process provides for optimal biogas production and significantly reduced nitrogen levels in the treated water discharge. Process flows for the ammonia recovery and ThermoEnergy biogas processes are presented and discussed. A comparison with other techniques such as biological nitrogen removal is made. The ARP technology uses reversible chemisorption and double salt crystal precipitation to recover and concentrate the ammonia. The ARP technology was successfully proven in a recent large-scale field demonstration at New York City’s Oakwood Beach Wastewater Treatment Plant, located on Staten Island. This project was a joint effort with Foster Wheeler Environmental Corporation, the Civil Engineering Research Foundation, and New York City Department of Environmental Protection. Independent validated plant data show that ARP consistently recovers up to 99.9% of the ammonia from the city’s centrate waste stream (derived from dewatering of sewage sludge, as ammonium sulfate. ARP technology can reduce the nitrogen (ammonia discharged daily into local bodies of water by municipalities, concentrated animal farming operations, and industry. Recent advances to ARP enhance its performance and economic competitiveness in comparison to stripping or ammonia destruction technologies.

  19. La senda revolucionaria del liberalismo doceañista en España y México, 1820-1824

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frasquet, Ivana

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available In this work we study the significance of the doceañista liberalism in the transformation of the Spanish monarchy, and in the construction of the Mexican State-nation from 1821. For that purpose, from the historical methodology we discuss the idea of «doceañista liberalism» while at the same time focusing on the relevance it acquired in the debates of the Mexican constituent Congress of 1822.

    En este estudio intentamos abordar la significación del liberalismo doceañista en la transformación de la monarquía hispánica y su trascendencia en la construcción del Estado-nación mexicano a partir de 1821. Para ello interpretamos desde la metodología histórica la noción de «liberalismo doceañista» al tiempo que argumentamos su importancia en los debates del congreso constituyente mexicano de 1822.

  20. Salvage therapies in relapsed and/or refractory myeloma: what is current and what is the future?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thumallapally N

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Nishitha Thumallapally,1 Hana Yu,1 Divya Asti,1 Adarsh Vennepureddy,1 Terenig Terjanian2 1Department of Internal Medicine, 2Division of Hematology and Oncology, Staten Island University Hospital, New York, NY, USA Abstract: The treatment landscape for multiple myeloma (MM is evolving with our understanding of its pathophysiology. However, given the inevitable cohort heterogeneity in salvage therapy, response to treatment and overall prognoses tend to vary widely, making meaningful conclusions about treatment efficacy difficult to derive. Despite the hurdles in current research, progress is underway toward more targeted therapeutic approaches. Several new drugs with novel mechanism of action and less toxic profile have been developed in the past decade, with the potential for use as single agents or in synergy with other treatment modalities in MM therapy. As our discovery of these emerging therapies progresses, so too does our need to reshape our knowledge on knowing how to apply them. This review highlights some of the recent landmark changes in MM management with specific emphasis on salvage drugs available for relapsed and refractory MM and also discusses some of the upcoming cutting-edge therapies that are currently in various stages of clinical development. Keywords: multiple myeloma, novel drugs, relapsed and refractory myeloma, salvage chemotherapy 

  1. Protecting Urban Health and Safety: Balancing Care and Harm in the Era of Mass Incarceration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaber, Nadia; Wright, Anthony

    2016-04-01

    This paper explores theoretical, spatial, and mediatized pathways through which policing poses harms to the health of marginalized communities in the urban USA, including analysis of two recent and widely publicized incidents of officer-involved killings in Ferguson, Missouri and Staten Island, New York. We examine the influence of the "broken windows" model in both policing and public health, revealing alternate institutional strategies for responding to urban disorder in the interests of the health and safety of the city. Drawing on ecosocial theory and medical anthropology, we consider the roles of the segregated built environment and historical experience in the embodiment of structural vulnerability with respect to police violence. We examine the recent shootings of Eric Garner and Michael Brown as the most visible, most circulated symbols of this complex and contradictory terrain, focusing on the pathways through which theories of causality authorize violent and/or caring intervention by the state. We show how police killings reveal an underlying and racialized association between disorder and deviance that becomes institutionalized and embodied through spatial and symbolic pathways. If public health workers and advocates are to play a role in responding to the call of the Black Lives Matter movement, it is important to understand the interpretations and translations of urban social life that circulate on the streets, in the media, in public policy, and in institutional practice. PMID:26696002

  2. Cationic polymer mud solves gumbo problems in North Sea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on a recently developed cationic polymer mud, compatible with conventional polymer additives and designed to meet environmental regulations, which significantly minimized the gumbo problems common to the water-sensitive shales in the North Sea. The cationic polymer mud was used to drill highly reactive Tertiary shale formations which have caused severe gumbo problems on nearby wells drilled with other inhibitive water-based muds. Although many citonic polymers are toxic, aquatic toxicity tests performed by the Norwegian Statens Forurensningstilsyn (SFT) at the end of the test wells showed results far exceeding the SFT limits on the three species tested. The mud system on these wells was a seawater-based 15.0-ppg mud enhanced with 3% NaCl. A low molecular weight quaternary polyamine and a high molecular weight cationic polyacrylamide were used to suppress the swelling and dispersion of shales, respectively. Starch and polyanionic cellulose (PAC) polymers maintained fluid-loss control, and a lubricant reduced the torque and drag

  3. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of Streptococcus agalactiae in pregnant women: first study in a province of Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Oviedo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Group B Streptococcus (GBS is the leading cause of neonatal infections. Our purpose was to characterize GBS colonization in pregnant women, current serotypes, resistance phenotypes and genes associated with virulence. In Misiones, Argentina, there are no previous data on this topic. Vaginal-rectal swabs from 3125 pregnant women were studied between 2004 and 2010. GBS strains were identified by conventional and serological methods (Phadebact Strep B Test, ETC International, Bactus AB, Sweden. Serotypes were detected using Strep-B Latex (Statens Serum Institut, Denmark. Resistance phenotypes were determined by the double-disk test. Genes were studied by PCR. Maternal colonization was 9.38%. Resistance to erythromycin was 11.6%, and the constitutive phenotype was the predominant one. Serotype Ia was the most frequent, whereas serotypes IV, VI, VII and VIII were not detected. The lmb, bca and hylB genes were detected in more than 79% of the strains. In this study, the colonization rate with GBS and the serotype distribution were compared with studies reported in other areas of the country. The high resistance to erythromycin in Misiones justifies performing antibiotic susceptibility testing. The serotype distribution, the genes encoding putative virulence factors, and the patterns of resistance phenotypes of GBS may vary in different areas. They thus need to be evaluated in each place to devise strategies for prevention.

  4. Paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic investigations on Isla de los Estados, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Björck, S.; Fernandez, M.; Hjort, C.; Ljung, K.; Martinez, O.; Möller, P.; Ponce, F.; Rabassa, J.; Roig, F.; Unkel, I.; Wohlfarth, B.

    2007-05-01

    The expedition in November-December 2005 to Isla de los Estados (Staten Island) off the southeastern tip of South America was a cooperative venture between Lund University (LU) and Stockholm University (SU) in Sweden and the CADIC-CONICET Institute in Ushuaia, Argentina. The aim of the expedition was threefold: (1) to extend the Swedish paleoclimatic "ATLANTIS"-project (Greenland, Iceland, Faroe Islands, Azores, Grenada, Tristan da Cunha; PI S Björck) to the southern part of the South American continent, (2) to connect earlier glacial and climate history reconstructions from the Antarctic Peninsula to equivalents north of the Drake Passage in southernmost South America, and (3) to complement paleo-information available from the Tierra del Fuego mainland with information from Isla de los Estados. Focus was on two areas in the northern and north-western part of the island, Bahía Colnett and Bahia Crossley. Detailed geomorphologic and stratigraphic mapping of glacial deposits were combined with sampling sediments for OSL dating. To reconstruct the paleoclimatic development of Isla de los Estados since the last ice retreat, four main peat bog/lake sites were cored and sampled. In addition, living trees of Nothofagus and old logs preserved in the peat were sampled for dendrochronological and dendroclimatological studies. Preliminary results show that the deglaciation of the study area occurred before 16500 cal yr BP. Detailed multi- proxy analyses of the four sequences are under way and first results will be presented.

  5. Measurement of radioactivity in Norway. Annual report 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU) is managing a radioactivity monitoring network commissioned by the Norwegian Pollution Control Authority (Statens forurensningstilsyn). By 1997 the network consists of 28 stations throughout the country, especially tight in Finnmark.In addition there is a station in Russia (Verhetnetulomski). The 29 surveillance stations consist of: 12 ionic chamber instruments, 6 stationary gamma spectrometers for surveillance, 12 part-time gamma spectrometers designed for nutritional radioactivity measurements in co-operation with the Norwegian Food Control Authority (Naeringsmiddeltilsynet), LORAKON. The joint venture with LORAKON uses the gamma spectrometers at the stations for nutritional control for surveillance when they are not active in nutritional radioactivity measurements. The spectrometer detector is taken out of the lead tower and placed in windows at the laboratories. Then the spectrometer is connected to a telecommunication modem. The NILU computer is calling regularly whether the spectrometer is connected or not and uses it immediately when connected. The stations have not registered values that can not be attributed to natural variations in the radiation level or technical irregularities in 1997

  6. The 1990 Arthur Kill oil spills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On January 1-2, 1990, Exxon discharged 567,000 gallons of No. 2 heating oil in the Arthur Kill, the strait separating Staten Island, New York from New Jersey. Lawsuits against Exxon were filed by the State of New Jersey, New York City, and the City of Elizabeth. They seek to force Exxon to reimburse the municipalities and the state for cleanup costs and to restore damaged wetlands and other natural resources. The three plaintiffs, joined by New York State and the federal government, initiated a three-tiered natural resource damage assessment study (Tier II), currently underway, includes sampling and chemical analysis of sediments and benthic invertebrates, mapping of impacted wetlands and measurement of direct impacts on water birds and their prey. The purposes of the study are to quantify the damages and determine the presence of Exxon's oil in the sediments. Since the Exxon spill, there have been two major spills and an intermediate-size spill. During the first size months of 1990, over one million gallons of petroleum products have been discharged into the Arthur Kill and nearby waters. This paper reports that a review of these incidents provides lessons for the prevention, investigation, and cleanup of spills in urban estuaries

  7. Intercomparison of passive radon dosimeters developed by NIRS (Japan) and SSI (Sweden)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTD) are widely applied for the assessment of mean radon concentration over long periods in human environment, because of their simple, reliable specifications. In Japan, National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS) developed the passive radon-thoron discriminative dosimeter for the nationwide indoor radon and thoron survey project since 1992. The dosimeter contains two polycarbonate disks as SSNTD, which is ready for the low level indoor radon concentration (-3). In Sweden, Swedish Radiation Protection Institute (Statens straalskyddsinstitut, SSI) developed the passive radon dosimeter for the nationwide survey, which showed the Swedish indoor radon level to be 100 Bq m-3 in 1982. As well, the SSI passive radon dosimeter is adopted for the Swedish epidemiological (case control) study on residential radon and lung cancer in 1993. To compare technical features of above two types of passive radon dosimeters, intercomparison was performed at 24 Swedish houses in Stockholm. Two types of dosimeters were placed side by side in both living room and bed room from March to May (about 90 days). Gradient of the linear regression may reflect systematic difference between radon standards in Japan and Sweden. Intercept might be caused by the background uncertainty in either or both dosimeters. This is a first trial for the future cooperative studies between NIRS and SSI. (J.P.N.)

  8. Anomalous results with the widely used NRPB/SSI-type passive radon dosemeter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In an industrial hall, with large variations of radon concentration within minutes, simultaneous measurements were done with two types of passive radon detectors and an active radon measuring device. The widely used passive radon detector of the National Radiological Protection Board (NRPB) [Health Protection Agency (former NRPB) (HPA)]/Statens straalkyddsinstitut (Swedish Radiation Protection Inst.) (SSI) type produced anomalous results, seemingly uncorrelated to the radon concentration which was in the order of hundreds of becquerels per metre, usually underestimating but occasionally overestimating. We tried to reproduce similar exposure characteristics in our laboratory, but failed to reproduce the anomalous readings. We suspected, but could not prove, that the anomalous results were due to the combination of high radon concentration gradients, with pressure-driven air exchange between the inside of the detector holder and the outside atmosphere. Moreover, this theory was at least partly contradicted when we drilled holes in the detector holder. Although of interest, this effect is not likely to have substantially influenced any radon surveys, given the unusual nature of the exposure that caused the effect. (authors)

  9. Fresh Kills leachate treatment and minimization study: Volume 2, Modeling, monitoring and evaluation. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fillos, J.; Khanbilvardi, R.

    1993-09-01

    The New York City Department of Sanitation is developing a comprehensive landfill leachate management plan for the Fresh Kills landfill, located on the western shore of Staten Island, New York. The 3000-acre facility, owned and operated by the City of New York, has been developed into four distinct mounds that correspond to areas designated as Sections 1/9, 2/8, 3/4 and 6/7. In developing a comprehensive leachate management plan, the estimating leachate flow rates is important in designing appropriate treatment alternatives to reduce the offsite migration that pollutes both surface water and groundwater resources.Estimating the leachate flow rates from Sections 1/9 and 6/7 was given priority using an available model, hydrologic evaluation of landfill performance (HELP), and a new model, flow investigation for landfill leachate (FILL). The field-scale analysis for leachate flow included data collection of the leachate mound-level from piezometers and monitoring wells installed on-site, for six months period. From the leachate mound-head contours and flow-gradients, Leachate flow rates were computed using Darcy`s Law.

  10. Spatially Resolved Stellar Populations Of Nearby Post-Starburst Galaxies In SDSS-IV MaNGA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Charles; Betances, Ashley; Bonilla, Alaina Marie; Gonzalez, Andrea; Migliore, Christina; Goddard, Daniel; Masters, Karen; SDSS-IV MaNGA Team

    2016-01-01

    We have selected five galaxies in the Mapping Nearby Galaxies at APO (MaNGA) project of the latest generation of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-IV) identified as post-starburst (E+A) systems, in the transition between "blue cloud" and "red sequence" galaxies. We measure the equivalent widths of the Balmer series, D4000 break, and metal lines across each galaxy, and produce maps of the stellar age, stellar mass, and metallicities of each galaxy using FIREFLY, a full spectral analysis code. We have found that the measured properties of the galaxies overall generally matches well with single-aperture SDSS spectra from which the original post-starburst identifications were made. The variation in the spatial distributions of the stellar populations, in particular the A-stars, give us insight into the details of the transitional E+A quenching phase. This work was supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation via the SDSS-IV Faculty and Student Team (FAST) initiative, ARC Agreement No. SSP483 to the CUNY College of Staten Island.

  11. Ground Zero/Fresh Kills: Cataloguing Ruins, Garbage, and Memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cinzia Scarpino

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to show how the rise and fall of the Twin Towers can be read in relation to the rise and fall of the Staten Island Fresh Kills landfill, how their destinies were entwined from the start, and how the immediate cultural response to the collapse of the former and the closing of the latter recurred to the form of catalogues of objects, words, and images. From this angle it will be possible to posit the events within a larger, if somewhat unusual, cultural frame encompassing the history of two different yet complementary symbols of New York up to 2001 (the WTC and Fresh Kills. From Don DeLillo’s Underworld (1997 and Falling Man (2007 through Holman, Steve Zeitlin e Joe Dobkin’s Crisis (2001-2002; from Art Spiegelman’s In the Shadows of No Tower (2004 to Artists Respond’s 9-11 (2002; from the New York Times to Bearing Witness to History, the 2003-2006 retrospective of the Smithsonian Museum, relevant collective or individual responses to the 2001 attacks took the form of a catalogue, a list, a vertical or horizontal juxtaposition of data, objects, and memories, evoking a suggestive parallel to the organizing principle of past relics collected in museums and garbage stratified in sanitary landfills.

  12. Turtelduer?: Medier, stat og politik i Central- og Østeuropa. Medieforandring i Central- og Østeuropa: Udvikling af en analysemodel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karol Jacubowicz

    1996-09-01

    Full Text Available Den polske medieforsker, Karol Jakubowicz, tager os med på en rundtur i de tidligere kommunistiske lande i Øst- og Centraleuropa. Hvordan går det med pressefriheden og mediernes løsrivelse fra staten? spørger han. Han opstiller følgende kriterier for frie medier: Differentiering, professiona- lisering af journalister, demonopolisering, decentralisering og en grad af demokratisering. Ifølge Jakubowicz er der en tæt sammenhæng mellem de politiske og økonomiske reformer, et land har gennemgået, og medier- nes frigørelsesproces. De tidligere kommunistiske lande grupperes efter, hvilket stade medieudviklingen er nået til og de politiske og økonomiske forhindringer for medieudviklingen opregnes. Den gennemgående tendens i det østeuropæiske medielandskab er "italienske tilstande", dvs. udbredt statslig kontrol med medierne, stærke partitilhørsforhold og integration mellem medier og den politiske elite, konkluderer Jakubowicz. Artiklen har før været publiceret i tidsskriftet Javnost/The Public.

  13. Web-tv for kulturinstitutioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Peter; Christensen, Nikolaj; Schytz Marvit, Mathilde;

    Denne publikation er resultatet af et samarbejde mellem Statens Museum for Kunst (SMK) og Danmarks Medie- og Journalisthøjskole om at belyse og undersøge, hvordan web-tv kan bruges i museums- og kunstformidlingen. Samarbejdet indledtes tilbage i 2010 med etableringen af projektet ”Kvalificeret...... kulturformidling gennem web-tv”, som har fået støtte fra Kulturstyrelsen. Formålet med projektet har været at belyse følgende spørgsmål: —Hvordan bruges web-tv i museums- og kunstformidling? —Hvordan kan det beskrives og kategoriseres? —Hvilke faktorer er vigtige at forholde sig til, når web-tv er...... kommunikationsmidlet? —Hvordan er brugernes oplevelse af web-tv? Analysearbejdet og erkendelserne er ikke kun sket inden for projektets rammer, men har foregået løbende i perioden gennem SMK’s praksis på om- rådet og Danmarks Medie- og Journalisthøjskoles undervisnings- og udviklingsaktiviteter. Projektet har også...

  14. Legemiddelbivirkninger – forekomst og vurdering av årsakssammenhenger.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tone Westergren

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available En gjennomgang av spontanrapportene fra den norske bivirkningsdatabasen viser en betydelig geografisk variasjon når det gjelder innrapportering av bivirkninger. I Norge blir disse meldingene evaluert ved RELIS (Regionale legemiddelinformasjonssentre av tverrfaglige team bestående av leger og farmasøyter. Bivirkningsarbeidet ved RELIS gjøres på oppdrag fra Statens legemiddelverk, som har det overordnede ansvar for legemiddelovervåkningen i Norge. Vurderingene baseres på kjent risikoprofil for mistenkte legemidler, indikasjon, dosering, tidsmessig sammenheng mellom reaksjon og medikamentinntak, effekt av seponering og eventuelle andre risikofaktorer. 3345 legemiddel/bivirkningskombinasjoner ble vurdert på bakgrunn av 1408 rapporter i 2006. De fleste mistenkte bivirkningene ble klassifisert som mulige, ettersom andre faktorer også kunne ha spilt en rolle. Få bivirkninger ble klassifisert som sikre. Informasjon om bivirkninger i litteratur og databaser er i flere tilfeller preget av manglende homogenitet, tilfeldige sammentreff i tid, manglende data og lite vurdering av sammenhengen mellom reaksjonen og medisinbruken. Kliniske studier har begrenset mulighet til å påvise annet enn de vanligste bivirkningene. Det kan ta år etter markedsføring å fastslå sammenhengen med mer sjeldne bivirkninger. Frekvenstabeller for bivirkninger er anslag basert på et begrenset antall pasienter, spesielt for nye legemidler. Evaluering av bivirkningsrapporter fra helsepersonell kan avdekke mangel på lett tilgjengelig informasjon og bidra til ny kunnskap om et legemiddels bivirkningsprofil

  15. Screening study for waste biomass to ethanol production facility using the Amoco process in New York State. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    This report evaluates the economic feasibility of locating biomass-to-ethanol waste conversion facilities in New York State. Part 1 of the study evaluates 74 potential sites in New York City and identifies two preferred sites on Staten, the Proctor Gamble and the Arthur Kill sites, for further consideration. Part 2 evaluates upstate New York and determines that four regions surrounding the urban centers of Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse provide suitable areas from which to select specific sites for further consideration. A separate Appendix provides supplemental material supporting the evaluations. A conceptual design and economic viability evaluation were developed for a minimum-size facility capable of processing 500 tons per day (tpd) of biomass consisting of wood or paper, or a combination of the two for upstate regions. The facility would use Amoco`s biomass conversion technology and produce 49,000 gallons per day of ethanol and approximately 300 tpd of lignin solid by-product. For New York City, a 1,000-tpd processing facility was also evaluated to examine effects of economies of scale. The reports evaluate the feasibility of building a biomass conversion facility in terms of city and state economic, environmental, and community factors. Given the data obtained to date, including changing costs for feedstock and ethanol, the project is marginally attractive. A facility should be as large as possible and located in a New York State Economic Development Zone to take advantage of economic incentives. The facility should have on-site oxidation capabilities, which will make it more financially viable given the high cost of energy. 26 figs., 121 tabs.

  16. Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli in Daycare—A 1-Year Dynamic Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hebbelstrup Jensen, Betina; Stensvold, Christen R.; Struve, Carsten; Olsen, Katharina E. P.; Scheutz, Flemming; Boisen, Nadia; Röser, Dennis; Andreassen, Bente U.; Nielsen, Henrik V.; Schønning, Kristian; Petersen, Andreas M.; Krogfelt, Karen A.

    2016-01-01

    Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) has been associated with persistent diarrhea, reduced growth acceleration, and failure to thrive in children living in developing countries and with childhood diarrhea in general in industrialized countries. The clinical implications of an EAEC carrier-status in children in industrialized countries warrants clarification. To investigate the pathological significance of an EAEC carrier-state in the industrialized countries, we designed a 1-year dynamic cohort study and performed follow-up every second month, where the study participants submitted a stool sample and answered a questionnaire regarding gastrointestinal symptoms and exposures. Exposures included foreign travel, consumption of antibiotics, and contact with a diseased animal. In the capital area of Denmark, a total of 179 children aged 0–6 years were followed in a cohort study, in the period between 2009 and 2013. This is the first investigation of the incidence and pathological significance of EAEC in Danish children attending daycare facilities. Conventional microbiological detection of enteric pathogens was performed at Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark, and at Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. Parents completed questionnaires regarding gastrointestinal symptoms. The EAEC strains were further characterized by serotyping, phylogenetic analysis, and susceptibility testing. EAEC was detected in 25 (14%) of the children during the observational period of 1 year. One or more gastrointestinal symptoms were reported from 56% of the EAEC-positive children. Diarrhea was reported in six (24%) of the EAEC positive children, but no cases of weight loss, and general failure to thrive were observed. The EAEC strains detected comprised a large number of different serotypes, confirming the genetic heterogeneity of this pathotype. EAEC was highly prevalent (n = 25, 14%) in Danish children in daycare centers and was accompanied by gastrointestinal symptoms in

  17. Many and small or large and few? A comparison of the environmental effects of different strategies for the development of hydropower plants.; Mange og smaa eller store og faa? En sammenligning av miljoevirkningene ved ulike strategier for utvikling av vannkraft.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bakken, Tor Haakon; Sundt, Haakon; Ruud, Audun

    2012-11-01

    This study compared the cumulative environmental impact of 27 small hydro power plants to the environmental impact of an average of three large hydropower plants, which range from the small farms and the average of the major producing about as much energy. Based on the empirical basis used in this study are the environmental impacts of large hydropower fewer and less severe than the cumulative environmental impacts from the 27 small plants. The results are, however marginal in favor of big hydro power plants and suffers from uncertainties due to lack of precision in the raw data, limitations of the methodic of accumulating environmental effects of many small facilities and extensive use of discretion in the transition between the scientific description of the environmental impacts and impact classes (Statens Vegvesen, 2006). The input data in the study has primarily been published available environmental impact assessment (KU). The results must therefore be said to have limited power statement in order to draw general conclusions. The identified environmental effects are to some extent, different from the type and size, so that an individual valuation and political or administrative priorities will to a large extent determine the preferred strategy for the development of hydropower. From 2012 promoted the production stimulating action as a result of common certificate market with Sweden. Small hydro power plants has so far been a priority in Norway, but when Norway implements EU Water Framework Directive in all areas of precipitation, one should be aware of our findings, especially regarding the potential in expanding of existing hydropower plants. (auth)

  18. “The French Constitutional Council as the Rottweiler of the Republican Ideal in the Language Field: Does Jurisprudence Really Reflect Reality?”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Graziadei

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available France is known for being a champion of individual rights as well as for its overt hostility to any form of group rights. Linguistic pluralism in the public sphere is rejected for fear of babelization and Balkanization of the country. Over recent decades the Conseil Constitutionnel (CC has, together with the Conseil d’État, remained arguably the strongest defender of this Jacobin ideal in France.In this article, I will discuss the role of France’s restrictive language policy through the prism of the CC’s jurisprudence. Overall, I will argue that the CC made reference to the (Jacobin state-nation concept, a concept that is discussed in the first part of the paper, in order to fight the revival of regional languages in France over recent decades. The clause making French the official language in 1992 was functional to this policy. The intriguing aspect is that in France the CC managed to standardise France’s policy vis-à-vis regional and minority languages through its jurisprudence; an issue discussed in the second part of the paper. But in those regions with a stronger tradition of identity, particularly in the French overseas territories, the third part of the paper argues, normative reality has increasingly become under pressure. Therefore, a discrepancy between the ‘law in courts’ and the compliance with these decisions (‘law in action’ has been emerging over recent years. Amid some signs of opening of France to minorities, this contradiction delineates a trend that might well continue in future.

  19. Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome with extreme hydrophilia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enuh HA

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Hilary A Enuh,1 Julia Chin,1 Jay Nfonoyim21Department of Medicine, 2Critical Care Unit, Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, NY, USAAbstract: Marijuana is the most widely used recreational drug in the US. Hyperemetic hydrophilic syndrome is a previously described but infrequently recognized condition of cannabinoid abuse with hyperemesis and obsessive hot showering. We present a 47-year-old male known marijuana addict with intractable abdominal pain who could not wait for physical examination, meal, or medication, because of obsessive compulsive warm baths. He had a history of epilepsy and addiction to marijuana, which he took on the day of admission. He presented to the hospital with a seizure, complicated by nausea, vomiting, and severe abdominal pain. His examination was unremarkable, except for mild epigastric tenderness. His laboratory and radiological tests were within normal limits, except for a positive urine drug screen for marijuana and opiates. He took himself immediately to the bathroom and remained under a hot shower with the exception of two 15-minute breaks for the rest of the day. He stated that it made him feel better than medication. Receiving medication and even eating was a problem because of this compulsive showering. Abstinence from marijuana during the hospital stay made the patient's nausea and vomiting resolve significantly. Cannabinoid hyperemesis is a differential diagnosis among patients with intractable nausea, vomiting, and obsessive hot bathing. The syndrome is an unmistakable indication of marijuana addiction. A thorough history and observation is very valuable. Recognition of this entity will reduce unnecessary testing and utilization of health care resources.Keywords: cannabinoid, compulsive bathing, cyclic vomiting, hyperemesis, hydrophilia, marijuana

  20. Er konsum av melk og egg assosiert med risiko for kreft? Foreløpige resultater fra en prospektiv undersøkelse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grethe Albrektsen

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGSammenhenger mellom kreftinsidens og konsum av egg og melk er studert i en prospektiv undersøkelse avca. 50 000 personer i alderen 30-69 år. Kostholdsdataene ble samlet inn i forbindelse med andre runde avhjerte- og karundersøkelsene som ble gjennomført av Statens helseundersøkelser i Finnmark, Sogn ogFjordane og Oppland i perioden 1977-83. Gjennomsnittlig oppfølgingstid var 11,8 år. Omlag 2000 personerfikk en kreftdiagnose i løpet av oppfølgingsperioden. Insidensrate-ratioer er beregnet i en log-lineærPoissonregresjon basert på personår under risiko. Vi fant ingen sammenheng mellom total kreftinsidens ogkonsum av melk (glass pr. dag eller egg (antall pr. uke, men for spesifikke krefttyper observerte vi enkelteassosiasjoner. Det arbeides nå med mer detaljerte analyser og med internasjonal publisering av resultatene.Albrektsen G, Heuch I, Jacobsen BK, Kvåle G. Is milk and egg consumption associated with cancerrisk? Preliminary results from a prospective study. Nor J Epidemiol 1997; 7 (2: 205-208.ENGLISH SUMMARYAssociations between cancer incidence and consumption of milk and eggs were examined in a prospectivestudy of about 50,000 persons aged 30-69 years. The mean follow-up period was 11.8 years. About 2000persons were diagnosed with cancer during follow-up. Incidence rate ratios were calculated in a log-linearPoisson regression model of person-years at risk. No relations were found between overall cancer incidenceand consumption of milk (glasses per day or eggs (number per week, but some associations were observedfor specific sites. The analysis of the data is in progress and the results presented are preliminary.

  1. Children diagnosed with congenital cardiac malformations at the national university departments of pediatric cardiology: positive predictive values of data in the Danish National Patient Registry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Agergaard

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Peter Agergaard1, Anders Hebert2, Jesper Bjerre3, Karina Meden Sørensen4, Charlotte Olesen3, John Rosendal Østergaard31Department of Pediatrics, Viborg Hospital, Viborg, Denmark; 2Department of Pediatrics, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark; 3Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark; 4Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Immunology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, DenmarkIntroduction: The present study was conducted to establish the positive predictive value of congenital cardiac malformation diagnoses registered in the Danish National Patient Registry (NPR, thereby exploring whether the NPR can serve as a valid tool for epidemiologic studies of congenital cardiac malformations.Materials and methods: The study population comprised every individual born from 2000 to 2008 who was registered in the NPR with a congenital cardiac malformation diagnosis and treated at one of the two national departments of pediatric cardiology. Positive predictive values were established comparing NPR information with the clinical record of each individual.Results: A total of 2952 patients with a total of 3536 diagnoses were eligible for validation. Review of their clinical records unveiled no patient without cardiac malformation. In 98% (98%–99% of the cases, the NPR diagnosis could be found as the discharge diagnosis in the patient's clinical record, and in 90% (89%–91% of the cases the NPR diagnosis was considered a true reflection of the patient's actual malformation.Conclusions: Our study verifies that the present study population retrieved from the NPR is a valid tool for epidemiological research within the topic of congenital cardiac malformations, given that the research question is not dependent on a fully established sensitivity of the NPR. Precautions should be made regarding cardiac malformations characterized by low prevalence or poor predictive values, and the reported validity should not be

  2. A catastrophic meltwater flood event and the formation of the Hudson Shelf Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thieler, E.R.; Butman, B.; Schwab, W.C.; Allison, M.A.; Driscoll, N.W.; Donnelly, J.P.; Uchupi, E.

    2007-01-01

    The Hudson Shelf Valley (HSV) is the largest physiographic feature on the U.S. mid-Atlantic continental shelf. The 150-km long valley is the submerged extension of the ancestral Hudson River Valley that connects to the Hudson Canyon. Unlike other incised valleys on the mid-Atlantic shelf, it has not been infilled with sediment during the Holocene. Analyses of multibeam bathymetry, acoustic backscatter intensity, and high-resolution seismic reflection profiles reveal morphologic and stratigraphic evidence for a catastrophic meltwater flood event that formed the modern HSV. The valley and its distal deposits record a discrete flood event that carved 15-m high banks, formed a 120-km2 field of 3- to 6-m high bedforms, and deposited a subaqueous delta on the outer shelf. The HSV is inferred to have been carved initially by precipitation and meltwater runoff during the advance of the Laurentide Ice Sheet, and later by the drainage of early proglacial lakes through stable spillways. A flood resulting from the failure of the terminal moraine dam at the Narrows between Staten Island and Long Island, New York, allowed glacial lakes in the Hudson and Ontario basins to drain across the continental shelf. Water level changes in the Hudson River basin associated with the catastrophic drainage of glacial lakes Iroquois, Vermont, and Albany around 11,450 14C year BP (∼ 13,350 cal BP) may have precipitated dam failure at the Narrows. This 3200 km3 discharge of freshwater entered the North Atlantic proximal to the Gulf Stream and may have affected thermohaline circulation at the onset of the Intra-Allerød Cold Period. Based on bedform characteristics and fluvial morphology in the HSV, the maximum freshwater flux during the flood event is estimated to be ∼ 0.46 Sv for a duration of ∼ 80 days.

  3. Screening study for waste biomass to ethanol production facility using the Amoco process in New York State. Appendices to the final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    The final report evaluates the economic feasibility of locating biomass-to-ethanol waste conversion facilities in New York State. Part 1 of the study evaluates 74 potential sites in New York City and identifies two preferred sites on Staten Island, the Proctor and Gamble and the Arthur Kill sites for further consideration. Part 2 evaluates upstate New York and determines that four regions surrounding the urban centers of Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse provide suitable areas from which to select specific sites for further consideration. A conceptual design and economic viability evaluation were developed for a minimum-size facility capable of processing 500 tons per day (tpd) of biomass consisting of wood or paper, or a combination of the two for upstate regions. The facility would use Amoco`s biomass conversion technology and produce 49,000 gallons per day of ethanol and approximately 300 tpd of lignin solid by-product. For New York City, a 1,000-tpd processing facility was also evaluated to examine effects of economies of scale. The reports evaluate the feasibility of building a biomass conversion facility in terms of city and state economic, environmental, and community factors. Given the data obtained to date, including changing costs for feedstock and ethanol, the project is marginally attractive. A facility should be as large as possible and located in a New York State Economic Development Zone to take advantage of economic incentives. The facility should have on-site oxidation capabilities, which will make it more financially viable given the high cost of energy. This appendix to the final report provides supplemental material supporting the evaluations.

  4. Stochastic Simulation of Precipitation Fields Conditioned on Radar and Gauge Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfaff, T.; Bárdossy, A.

    2009-04-01

    the total absolute uncertainty ɛghich is defined bygG = R + ɛnto an absolute and a relative part G = R × (1 + ɛ1) + ɛ2 ɛ2 can then be used to adjust small radar precipitation rates, while ɛ1 is used to correct towards the gauge measurement if radar estimates are large. For the simulation ɛ1 and ɛ2 are calculated from gauge measurements and co-located radar observations. The results are used to condition a stochastic simulator. The simulated fields of ɛ1 and ɛ2 are then applied onto the radar field. The main property of the resulting ensemble is that its mean is identical to the value of the gauge measurement at the gauge locations. This way, the ensemble mean can be used as a deterministic, gauge adjusted field in a meaningful way even if the ensemble members themselves cannot be used. In our presentation we will show an analysis of the spatial and temporal structure of the separated uncertainty terms as well as simulation results for hourly data.

  5. A Bíblia como Constituição ou a Constituição como Bíblia? Projetos para a construção do Estado-Nação em Timor-Leste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelly Cristiane da Silva

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este texto analisa os conflitos ocorridos em Timor-Leste, em 2005, entre a Igreja católica e o poder executivo, a respeito do caráter a ser atribuído à disciplina de ensino religioso no currículo de ensino primário. Indica-se que os embates que se constituíram ao redor desse tema são expressivos de diferentes projetos para construção do Estado-Nação no país, bem como das disputas entre distintos grupos com relação ao papel desempenhado no processo de conquista da independência. Propõe-se que os eventos sejam compreendidos como produto da trajetória experimentada por certos setores da população no período da ocupação indonésia. Indica-se, assim, a singularidade da posição dos retornados, ex-componentes da frente diplomática da resistência, aos quais se opõe a Igreja católica, que se autodenomina como representante dos de dentro. As manifestações evocaram ainda um incipiente debate sobre a construção de uma memória nacional, pelo que a Igreja católica demandava um correto reconhecimento do Estado diante do papel por ela desempenhado na resistência à ocupação indonésia.The article focus on the conflicts which took place in East Timor in 2005, between the Catholic Church and the Government, regarding the role of the religious teaching in the basic school curriculum. The analysis indicates that the debates built around this issue express different State-Nation building projects for that country, so as disputes among different groups in relation to their roles in the independency process. We propose that the events should be understood as a product of the itinerary of certain sectors of the Timorese people during the Indonesian occupation of the territory. We point, that way, to the singular position of the counter-diasporas, former members of the diplomatic front, to whom the Catholic Church (self proclaimed as representative of the "insiders" now opposes. The protests also pointed to a still incipient debate

  6. Wastewater centrate ammonia removal by chemisorption processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Full text:' This presentation will describe the nature, scope, and findings of a third-party evaluation of a patent-protected wastewater treatment technology identified as the ThermoEnergy Ammonia Recovery Process TM (ARP). The ARP is a reversible chemisorption process using a zinc-impregnated ion exchange resin, and it is unique in that it removes/reduces the ammonia-nitrogen load in the solids processing liquor of municipal sewage treatment plants and recycles the recovered product into a pelletized ammonium salt that can be used as an agricultural fertilizer. The primary objective of the ARP evaluation was to perform well-defined field and laboratory tests to provide data on process performance. The evaluation process was overseen and coordinated by the Environmental Technology Evaluation Center (EvTEC), a program of the Civil Engineering Research Foundation (CERF), the research and technology transfer arm of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). EvTEC is a pilot program evaluating innovative environmental technologies under the US Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Program. A pilot scale ARP treatment facility was constructed and tested at the Oakwood Beach Water Pollution Control Plant (WPCP) in Staten Island, New York, from September through December of 1998. While operating during the 3 month period using the anaerobically digested centrate normally produced at the WPCP, the pilot study demonstrated that the ARP process was capable of removing/recovering ammonia with efficiencies ranging from 75-99+ % at influent concentrations exceeding 400 mg/L. During the pilot plant operations, forty-eight (48) complete validated runs of centrate processing were performed. The plant processed the centrate under normal day-to-day conditions at the WPCP, and no special operational considerations were given to the centrifuge operation to accommodate the ARP pilot plant. The Oakwood WPCP operated exactly the way

  7. The Netherlands and the Polder Model: A Response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maarten Prak

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In response to the contributions by Davids-’t Hart, De Vries, and De Munck we emphasise that our book Nederland en het poldermodel [The Netherlands and the Polder Model] has been written for a general audience and therefore does not provide a detailed theoretical framework, nor a large number of graphs and tables. We have focused on the territory of the Netherlands, fully aware that this was not a (politically or economically coherent territory before the sixteenth century, but any other choice would have been equally arbitrary. In the Middle Ages the region developed much like other, neighbouring parts of Western Europe, but whereas elsewhere the rise of centralised states and absolutist monarchs endedthe development path based on bottom-up institutions, the successful Dutch Revolt and the formation of the decentralised Dutch Republic ensured much more continuity. We share the assessment of our critics that the transformation from this institutional structure via the mid-nineteenth century phase of ‘liberalisation’ into the new corporatism of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries is still incompletely understood.Nederland en het poldermodel. Een repliekIn reactie op de bijdragen van Davids-’t Hart, De Vries en De Munck benadrukken we dat het boek Nederland en het poldermodel geschreven is voor een breder publiek en daardoor niet het uitgewerkte theoretische kader noch een overdaad aan tabellen en grafieken bevat. We hebben ons daarbij gericht op het grondgebied van het huidige Nederland, hoewel dat tot in de zestiende eeuw geen duidelijke eenheid bezat – in economische noch in politieke zin. Tot ver in de middeleeuwen kendedit gebied een ontwikkelingsgang die sterke parallellen vertoonde met de rest van West-Europa. Maar daar waar elders de middeleeuwse erfenis van institutievorming van onderop met de opkomst van gecentraliseerde staten en absolutistische ambities afgesloten wordt, zet deze ontwikkelingslijn zich in de Republiek

  8. Assimilation and subcellular partitioning of elements by grass shrimp collected along an impact gradient

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seebaugh, David R. [Department of Biology, Graduate School and University Center, City University of New York, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10016 (United States); Wallace, William G., E-mail: wallace@mail.csi.cuny.edu [Department of Biology, Graduate School and University Center, City University of New York, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10016 (United States); Department of Biology, College of Staten Island, 6S-310, City University of New York, 2800 Victory Boulevard, Staten Island, NY 10314 (United States)

    2009-06-28

    Chronic exposure to polluted field conditions can impact metal bioavailability in prey and may influence metal transfer to predators. The present study investigated the assimilation of Cd, Hg and organic carbon by grass shrimp Palaemonetes pugio, collected along an impact gradient within the New York/New Jersey Harbor Estuary. Adult shrimp were collected from five Staten Island, New York study sites, fed {sup 109}Cd- or {sup 203}Hg-labeled amphipods or {sup 14}C-labeled meals and analyzed for assimilation efficiencies (AE). Subsamples of amphipods and shrimp were subjected to subcellular fractionation to isolate metal associated with a compartment presumed to contain trophically available metal (TAM) (metal associated with heat-stable proteins [HSP - e.g., metallothionein-like proteins], heat-denatured proteins [HDP - e.g., enzymes] and organelles [ORG]). TAM-{sup 109}Cd% and TAM-{sup 203}Hg% in radiolabeled amphipods were {approx}64% and {approx}73%, respectively. Gradients in AE-{sup 109}Cd% ({approx}54% to {approx}75%) and AE-{sup 203}Hg% ({approx}61% to {approx}78%) were observed for grass shrimp, with the highest values exhibited by shrimp collected from sites within the heavily polluted Arthur Kill complex. Population differences in AE-{sup 14}C% were not observed. Assimilated {sup 109}Cd% partitioned to the TAM compartment in grass shrimp varied between {approx}67% and {approx}75%. {sup 109}Cd bound to HSP in shrimp varied between {approx}15% and {approx}47%, while {sup 109}Cd associated with metal-sensitive HDP was {approx}17% to {approx}44%. Percentages of assimilated {sup 109}Cd bound to ORG were constant at {approx}10%. Assimilated {sup 203}Hg% associated with TAM in grass shrimp did not exhibit significant variation. Percentages of assimilated {sup 203}Hg bound to HDP ({approx}47%) and ORG ({approx}11%) did not vary among populations and partitioning of {sup 203}Hg to HSP was not observed. Using a simplified biokinetic model of metal accumulation from

  9. Ventilation rates in classrooms and performances of students. Preliminary study on their association; Ventilatiedebieten in klaslokalen en prestaties van scholieren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shaughnessy, R.J. [The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK (United States); Haverinen-Shaughnessy, U.; Nevalainen, A. [Department of Environmental Health, National Public Health Institute, Kuopio (Finland); Moschandreas, D. [Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2007-10-15

    (CO2) in het klaslokaal. De prestaties van scholieren worden geinventariseerd aan de hand van gestandaardiseerde tests die op jaarlijkse basis worden uitgereikt. Voor bepaling van de hoeveelheid ventilatie in elke ruimte worden CO2-concentraties gebruikt. De CO2-concentraties zijn gedurende 4-5 uur op een typische schooldag gemeten in klaslokalen van groep 8, op 54 basisscholen binnen een schooldistrict in de Verenigde Staten. Resultaten van dit inleidend onderzoek leveren een significant (P < 0,10) verband op tussen het ventilatiedebiet in klaslokalen en de resultaten van scholieren op rekentests. De resultaten duiden daarnaast aan dat niet-lineaire effecten moeten worden overwogen voor een betere beschrijving van het verband. Een grotere steekproef is benodigd om meer definitieve conclusies te kunnen trekken.

  10. “La República de los Sueños”: De lo racional de la República a lo irracional de los sueños

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Broullón Acuña, Esmeralda

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The Republic of the dreams is an “Atlantic novel” and as such it develops a narrative on the trip and the memory of a family of Spanish origin in the contemporary Brazil. The work investigates the process of immigration and adjustment of a Galician patriarchal and capitalist, predestined to the social success. A consecration that will go up to his last consequences, coming back to his village, of which went out in 1913, to marry the daughter of a nobleman. Founder of a lineage hispanic-brazilian will remain caught in the profit that he itself interweaves on having taken part of the networks and the oligarchic practices that dominate in the country. Thus the authoress re-composes a statement ethnic-historical where she represents the ethnic segmentation of the condition state-nation and institutes the memory and the culture as elements of resistance.

    La República de los sueños es una “novela atlántica” y como tal desarrolla una narrativa sobre el viaje y la memoria de una familia de origen español en el Brasil contemporáneo. La obra indaga el proceso de inmigración y adaptación de un gallego patriarcal y capitalista, predestinado al éxito social. Una consagración que llevará hasta sus últimas consecuencias, retornando a su aldea, de la cual salió en 1913, para casarse con la hija de un hidalgo. Fundador de un linaje hispanobrasileño quedará atrapado en el lucro que él mismo entreteje al participar de las redes y las prácticas oligárquicas que dominan en el país. De este modo la autora recompone un relato etnohistórico donde representa la segmentación étnica del estado-nación e instituye la memoria y la cultura como elementos de resistencia.

  11. Assimilation and subcellular partitioning of elements by grass shrimp collected along an impact gradient

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chronic exposure to polluted field conditions can impact metal bioavailability in prey and may influence metal transfer to predators. The present study investigated the assimilation of Cd, Hg and organic carbon by grass shrimp Palaemonetes pugio, collected along an impact gradient within the New York/New Jersey Harbor Estuary. Adult shrimp were collected from five Staten Island, New York study sites, fed 109Cd- or 203Hg-labeled amphipods or 14C-labeled meals and analyzed for assimilation efficiencies (AE). Subsamples of amphipods and shrimp were subjected to subcellular fractionation to isolate metal associated with a compartment presumed to contain trophically available metal (TAM) (metal associated with heat-stable proteins [HSP - e.g., metallothionein-like proteins], heat-denatured proteins [HDP - e.g., enzymes] and organelles [ORG]). TAM-109Cd% and TAM-203Hg% in radiolabeled amphipods were ∼64% and ∼73%, respectively. Gradients in AE-109Cd% (∼54% to ∼75%) and AE-203Hg% (∼61% to ∼78%) were observed for grass shrimp, with the highest values exhibited by shrimp collected from sites within the heavily polluted Arthur Kill complex. Population differences in AE-14C% were not observed. Assimilated 109Cd% partitioned to the TAM compartment in grass shrimp varied between ∼67% and ∼75%. 109Cd bound to HSP in shrimp varied between ∼15% and ∼47%, while 109Cd associated with metal-sensitive HDP was ∼17% to ∼44%. Percentages of assimilated 109Cd bound to ORG were constant at ∼10%. Assimilated 203Hg% associated with TAM in grass shrimp did not exhibit significant variation. Percentages of assimilated 203Hg bound to HDP (∼47%) and ORG (∼11%) did not vary among populations and partitioning of 203Hg to HSP was not observed. Using a simplified biokinetic model of metal accumulation from the diet, it is estimated that site-specific variability in Cd AE by shrimp and tissue Cd burdens in field-collected prey (polychaetes Nereis spp.) could potentially

  12. En prospektiv undersøkelse av sammenhengen mellom kosthold og kreft blant middelaldrende kvinner og menn i Norge 1977-1992. Prosjektbeskrivelse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marit Bragelien Veierød

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGI USA er det anslått at 30% av alle dødsfall som skyldes kreftsykdom kan tilskrives kosthold i voksen alder(inkludert kostholdets betydning for overvekt. 4 Fra Statens helseundersøkelser sine hjertekarundersøkelseri Finnmark, Sogn og Fjordane og Oppland i 1977-83, foreligger data om kosthold for vel50 000 menn og kvinner i alderen 16-56 år. Kopling mot Kreftregisteret og Statistisk sentralbyrå gir ossmulighet til å se nærmere på sammenhengen mellom kosthold og risiko for kreft i en kohortstudie medkomplett oppfølging med hensyn på forekomst av kreft, død og emigrasjon. I henhold til kontrakten ombruk av den koplete datafila, studerer vi i dette prosjektet sammenhengen mellom kosthold og risiko forkreft i magesekk, bukspyttkjertel, livmorhals, prostata, lunger og hud (malignt melanom. Den statistiskestyrken i epidemilogiske studier som denne, samt hvilken betydning målefeil i kostholdsvariablene har forrisikoestimatene og den statistiske styrken, blir også vurdert. Denne artikkelen gir en nærmere presentasjonav prosjektet og de metodene som benyttes.Veierød MB. A prospective study of diet and cancer in middle-aged women and men in Norway1977-1992. Project description. Nor J Epidemiol 1997; 7 (2: 201-204. ENGLISH SUMMARYThe relationship beteen dietary habits and the incidence of cancer is studied in 50,000 Norwegian men andwomen aged 16-56 years attending a Norwegian health screening in 1977-83. Linkage to the CancerRegistry of Norway and the Central Bureau of Statistics of Norway ensure a complete follow-up until 31December 1992. The cancer sites included in this project are the stomach, pancreas, cervix, prostate, lungand malignant melanoma. Diet was recorded on a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire at thetime of screening, and intake of energy and fats are estimated. The attenuation of effect estimates due tomeasurement errors in the dietary variables will be investigated, as well as the power of the

  13. Evaluation of Airborne Lidar Elevation Surfaces for Propagation of Coastal Inundation: The Importance of Hydrologic Connectivity

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    Sandra Poppenga

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Detailed information about coastal inundation is vital to understanding dynamic and populated areas that are impacted by storm surge and flooding. To understand these natural hazard risks, lidar elevation surfaces are frequently used to model inundation in coastal areas. A single-value surface method is sometimes used to inundate areas in lidar elevation surfaces that are below a specified elevation value. However, such an approach does not take into consideration hydrologic connectivity between elevation grids cells resulting in inland areas that should be hydrologically connected to the ocean, but are not. Because inland areas that should drain to the ocean are hydrologically disconnected by raised features in a lidar elevation surface, simply raising the water level to propagate coastal inundation will lead to inundation uncertainties. We took advantage of this problem to identify hydrologically disconnected inland areas to point out that they should be considered for coastal inundation, and that a lidar-based hydrologic surface should be developed with hydrologic connectivity prior to inundation analysis. The process of achieving hydrologic connectivity with hydrologic-enforcement is not new, however, the application of hydrologically-enforced lidar elevation surfaces for improved coastal inundation mapping as approached in this research is innovative. In this article, we propagated a high-resolution lidar elevation surface in coastal Staten Island, New York to demonstrate that inland areas lacking hydrologic connectivity to the ocean could potentially be included in inundation delineations. For inland areas that were hydrologically disconnected, we evaluated if drainage to the ocean was evident, and calculated an area exceeding 11 ha (~0.11 km2 that could be considered in inundation delineations. We also assessed land cover for each inland area to determine the type of physical surfaces that would be potentially impacted if the inland areas

  14. Effects of Winter Flooding Peat Soils on Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, F. E.; Pellerin, B. A.; Bergamaschi, B. A.; Sturtevant, C. S.; Verfaillie, J. G.; Knox, S. H.; Baldocchi, D. D.; Fujii, R.

    2013-12-01

    Harvested cornfields make up nearly 80% of cropland intentionally flooded during the winter (October through February) in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta to support waterfowl migration along the Pacific Flyway. This area is characterized by peat-rich islands that when flooded have the potential to be a source of methane production and emission, while reducing carbon dioxide respiration. Given the extent of winter flooding in the Delta, we evaluated the greenhouse gas emissions during this period and compared it to conventional winter fallow management. We constructed two eddy covariance towers on Staten Island, one in a cornfield flooded during the winter and the other one in a reference cornfield that remains fallow. Each tower included measurements of carbon dioxide, latent, sensible, and ground heat fluxes, as well as a suite of radiation measurements. A LI-COR Open Path Methane Analyzer (LI-7700) was initially installed at the flooded site and then alternated between the two sites every three to four weeks throughout the study. A second LI-7700 was deployed for continuous measurements at both towers in the winter of 2012/2013. Both fields have been under the same management for growing corn in the summer for the past twenty-five years. After harvest, the residual corn is chopped and then tilled into the soil before the winter season. Methane emissions slowly increased during the winter flooded period in 2011-2012, with maximum emissions (~234 mg-C m-2 day-1) occurring immediately following field drainage in mid-February. Methane emissions during the second winter period (e.g. 2012-2013) were similar to the first season in magnitude and timing, but showed two distinct events where emissions slowly increased followed by a maximum emission pulse and then a rapid decrease. Preliminary data analysis suggests the influence of strong Pacific storms occurring in the beginning of the second flooded season as a source of disturbance and agitating mechanism leading to

  15. La crisis del orden neoliberal en Argentina y la respuesta antiglobalización contra el ALCA

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    Manuela Fernández Mayo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es una introducción al estudio económico de la crisis argentina de 2001. Encuadrando la interpretación de la misma dentro de un contexto internacional y latinoamericano del período. Los gobiernos argentinos siguieron al pie de la letra, las exigencias del “Consenso de Washington” y aplicaron todas las medidas de ajuste estructural dictadas por el FMI: liquidación de las empresas nacionales; destrucción de los servicios públicos; total apertura comercial (responsable de la ruina de miles de pequeñas y medianas empresas, etc. Los gobiernos democráticos, profundizaron la destrucción de este Estado-Nación y terminaron consolidando la construcción de la Argentina, como simplemente un "mercado", el “alumno modelo” del neoliberalismo resultó un modelo en todo: en el descaro del latrocinio y en sus efectos sociales. Tras el derrumbe del modelo neoliberal, se extienden las posturas antiglobalización, materializadas con éxito, en la oposición a la entrada en vigor del ALCA en 2005._____________________ABSTRACT:The present article is an introduction to the economic analysis of the Argentinian crisis of 2001, fitting this interpretation in the international and south american context of the period. The Argentine governments followed exactly the exigencies of the "Washington Consensus" and applied all the measures of structural adjustment dictated by the IMF: liquidation of national companies; destruction of public services; full commercial opening (responsible of the ruin of thousands of small and medium companies, etc. Democratic governments deepened the destruction of this State-Nation and ended up consolidating the construction of Argentina, just as a "market", the "exemplary pupil" of neoliberalism was taken as model in everything: in the impudence of thievery and its social effects. After the collapse of neoliberal model, antiglobalization extends to face the coming into force of the ALCA in 2005.

  16. Is kidney function affecting the management of myocardial infarction? A retrospective cohort study in patients with normal kidney function, chronic kidney disease stage III-V, and ESRD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saad, Marc; Karam, Boutros; Faddoul, Geovani; Douaihy, Youssef El; Yacoub, Harout; Baydoun, Hassan; Boumitri, Christine; Barakat, Iskandar; Saifan, Chadi; El-Charabaty, Elie; Sayegh, Suzanne El

    2016-01-01

    Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are three times more likely to have myocardial infarction (MI) and suffer from increased morbidity and higher mortality. Traditional and unique risk factors are prevalent and constitute challenges for the standard of care. However, CKD patients have been largely excluded from clinical trials and little evidence is available to guide evidence-based treatment of coronary artery disease in patients with CKD. Our objective was to assess whether a difference exists in the management of MI (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) among patients with normal kidney function, CKD stage III-V, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. We conducted a retrospective cohort study on patients admitted to Staten Island University Hospital for the diagnosis of MI between January 2005 and December 2012. Patients were assigned to one of three groups according to their kidney function: Data collected on the medical management and the use of statins, platelet inhibitors, beta-blockers, and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers were compared among the three cohorts, as well as medical interventions including: catheterization and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) when indicated. Chi-square test was used to compare the proportions between nominal variables. Binary logistic analysis was used in order to determine associations between treatment modalities and comorbidities, and to account for possible confounding factors. Three hundred and thirty-four patients (mean age 67.2±13.9 years) were included. In terms of management, medical treatment was not different among the three groups. However, cardiac catheterization was performed less in ESRD when compared with no CKD and CKD stage III-V (45.6% vs 74% and 93.9%) (PCardiac catheterization on the other hand carried the strongest association among all studied variables (Pstatistically different. Many

  17. Management of reindeer husbandry in Norway – power-sharing and participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitte Ulvevadet

    2008-04-01

    reineiere er representert i styrer på lokalt, regionalt og nasjonalt nivå. Staten har også delegert en del forvaltningsgjøremål til disse styrene. Likevel har det gjennom media, spørreundersøkelser og intervjuer, kommet frem at noen reineiere er misfornøyde med forvaltningssystemet og at de føler seg ekskludert fra deltakelse. Jeg argumenterer derfor for at oppnevningen av reineiere til de ulike medforvaltningsstyrene og oppnevning av reineiere til det korporative organ er en delvis uløst utfordring fordi det er vanskelig å etablere et representasjonssystem som føles rettferdig for alle. Jeg påviser også at det er vanskelig å få slike sammensatte systemer til å fungere like godt i praksis som de var planlagt.

  18. Social Reform in Times of Transition. Reflections on Martin Conway’s The Sorrows of Belgium

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    Nico Wouters

    2014-12-01

    genesis of post-war social reform is merely the tip of the iceberg in this regard. It is clear that there is still a lot of room for research, certainly in a comparative perspective with the Netherlands. This concerns topics such as social class-studies from below, but also their agency vis-à-vis the national state during these crucial years of transition. As such, this contribution primarily underscores the importance of a true social history of Belgium for the 1930s-1940s, a history that would be highly relevant in a comparative framework with the Netherlands, most notably when also analysing the interaction between these social evolutions and political reform in 1945-1947. Sociale hervormingen tijdens transitiejaren. Overwegingen bij Martin Conway’s The Sorrows of BelgiumIn zijn boek The Sorrows of Belgium gebruikt Martin Conway de Belgische casus om te kijken naar het herstel van de liberaal-parlementaire staten in Europa tussen 1945 en 1947. Nico Wouters’ bijdrage richt zich op drie elementen die Conway zelf aanhaalt: 1 de belangrijke maar ambivalente rol van het lokale bestuur (steden en gemeenten, 2 het onvermogen om het Belgische patriottisme als bindmiddel voor de natiestaat institutioneel te verankeren en tot slot 3 de kloof tussen verschuivingen in klassenrelaties en politiek-institutionele vernieuwing. Via een oppervlakkige vergelijking met Nederland plaatst zijn bijdrage kanttekeningen bij elk van deze elementen.Zoals Conway aantoont, waren de grotere steden in België laboratoria voor nieuwe politieke stromingen die uiteindelijk de middelpuntvliedende, regionalistische tendensen versterkten. Anderzijds echter, had volgens Wouters het lokale niveau als administratief en institutioneel onderdeel van de staatsorganisatie op korte termijn een omgekeerd effect. De restauratie na de bevrijding kan enkel worden begrepen door in rekening te brengen dat ‘lokale staten’ een dwingend institutioneel raamwerk oplegden en zo de ruimte voor politieke vernieuwing

  19. 单克隆抗体在肺炎球菌多糖疫苗多糖含量检测中的应用%Application of monoclonal antibodies in determination of polysaccharides in a pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷永红; 庞鉴勇; 童钦; 王欣; 陈磊; 蔡芳; 朱朗; 王新立; 高强

    2015-01-01

    目的 考察能否用单克隆抗体(单抗)替代多克隆抗体(多抗)血清检测23价肺炎球菌多糖疫苗中各型多糖的含量.方法 使用8个血清型(2、3、4、6B、9N、17F、18C、23F)的小鼠抗肺炎球菌荚膜多糖单抗和丹麦国家血清研究所(Statens Serum Institut,SSI)的兔血清多抗,以速率散射免疫浊度法测定23价肺炎球菌多糖疫苗中相应血清型的多糖含量.通过重复性和专属性试验确定单抗的可用性.采用t检验对单抗和多抗测定结果进行比较.结果 各型单抗与多糖标准品反应标准曲线的相关系数均>0.985 0.用单抗重复检测疫苗多糖3次,质量浓度为40.8~62.1 μg/ml,3次检测结果变异系数均<8.00%.各型多糖回收率为81.6%~124.2%.分别用8个血清型单抗检测其余各型多糖含量,结果均低于或接近于检测下限.单抗与SSI多抗血清的检测结果差异均无统计学意义,t值为0.210 3~1.926 0,P值均>0.05.结论 单抗检测重复性好、特异性高,与多抗血清检测结果相仿,因此,单抗可以替代SSI多抗血清用于测定23价肺炎球菌多糖疫苗中的多糖含量.%Objective To investigate whether polyclonal antibody sera could be replaced by monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) to determine contents of pneumococcal polysaccharides in a 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23).Methods Mouse Mabs against polysaccharides of types 2,3,4,6B,9N,17F,18C and 23F,and rabbit sera from Statens Serum Institut (SSI)were used.The pneumococcal polysaccharides in PPV23 were determined by rate Nephelometry.Repeatability and specificity were analyzed to evaluate the usability of Mabs.The results with two kinds of antibodies were compared by t test.Results When Mabs to different serotypes reacted with standard polysaccharides,all correlation coefficients of standard curves were >0.985 0.The polysaccharides in PPV23 ranged from 40.8 to 62.1 μg/ml when determined 3 times by Mabs,and the

  20. Puente Verrazano-Narrows

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    Ammann, -

    1964-05-01

    Full Text Available This outstanding suspension bridge underwent a long process of preparation, and it has finally served to solve a most urgent and intense problem of communication between Brooking and Staten Island. This bridge represents an exceptional engineering achievement firstly because of the 1,298 m span between its two towers, and the two side spans of 370 m; secondly due to the vast amounts of materials involved in its construction. The suspended deck will have two directions of traffic, each consisting of six lanes, the two directions separated by a central division. The anchorage and foundations reach down to a depth of 50 m. The towers supporting the main suspension cables are 210 m high above the mean sea level. Their prefabricated external metal shell contain inside a complex system of thousands of metal cells. The deck hangs from four main suspension cables, each 90 cm in diameter. Hanger cables, each 55 cm in diameter, support the deck. The cable spinning over the main towers was a difficult and highly complicated operation. Details of this are given in the accompanying diagrams. Simultaneous with the construction of the bridge, the main access roads to it have been improved and altered, in order to chanalise the heavy traffic more effectively towards it. The whole project, including the construction of the bridge and alterations to the approaches, has amounted to a total cost of the order of 400 million dollars. The safety of the personnel working on this project has been very carefully studied. Ellaborate arrangements are being rigidly enforced for the protection of human lives. It is hoped that this huge project will be completed within the present year.Esta destacada obra, suspendida, realizada por la Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority, cuenta con una larga gestación que por fin culminó en una realidad y, con ella, a dar solución a una angustiosa situación que el tráfico rodado venía creando progresivamente con sus innumerables

  1. Sobre la crisis de la democracia (XXIII Conferencias Aranguren

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    Sartorius, Nicolás

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Democracy and globalisation: Democracy is currently defined as the political selfgovernance of human’s based on freedom and equality. As such, it is of recent implementation and presents limitations, both geographic and thematic. Throughout a long period of time, its effective realisation has found tremendous obstacles, related to gender-female vote was mainly established after World War I and II; —social class or race— decolonisation is a 20th Century phenomenon. Today, representative democracy has reached new areas within its traditional Statenation framework, such as new technologies and economic globalisation, which have also contributed to its crisis. The unlimited expansion of capital– similar to that of the Universe – has not had an equivalent in the political domain, even in modern democracies, which are still trapped in the narrow limits of the State. These limits will only be surpassed when democracy, as well, expands. II. The Spanish case: The Spanish democratic subsystem, as part of the European democratic system, is young and is a result of a particular balance of power built throughout a convulsed historical process in which dictatorial regimes have been very present. Nowadays, even though the Spanish political regime is a democracy, insufficiencies or limitations are evident and must be specified. These limitations or insufficiencies are shown, amongst others, by a certain geostrategic dependency; a poor productive system not based enough in innovation and science; a lack of social cohesion and excessive economic power; an unresolved territorial problem and a State that finds it hard to be secular. Therefore, there is enough field of action for a new democratic impulse that faces all these challenges and finally turns Spain into a truly advanced DemocracyLa democracia en el sentido contemporáneo del término, como autogobierno político de los seres humanos basado en la libertad y a igualdad, es de muy reciente

  2. A suspected virus infection of the oral mucosa in Swedish reindeer (Rangifer tarandus L

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    C. Rehbinder

    1985-05-01

    Full Text Available During the winter 1980 reindeer herds in the Tornedalen area, along the Finnish border, were hit by grazing difficulties. Thus minor parts of the reindeer her*ds in this area were given supplementary feed in pens. Some of the supplementary fed animals were taken ill and some deaths occurred. According to the owners sick animals showed loss of appetite and signs of fever. A total of 8 carcasses were necropsied at The National Veterinary Institute. In 5 of these cases oral lesions were observed. The histological investigation of the oral mucosa revealed intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies, inter- and intracellular oedema and vesicle formation. An electron-microscopical study of 2 of the cases confirmed the histological findings. At the bacteriological investigations Coli, ß-haemolyzing streptococci, Conrynebacterium pyogenes and Fusobacterium necrophorum could be indentified. The found bacteria were all considered secondary invaders. Serological samples from four affected reindeer flocks were tested for antibodies against BVD-, P13 and IBR-virus as well as Chlamydia. A few samples showed low positive titres for agents tested but for BVDV. The result of the investigation indicates that a still unidentified virus could be the primary cause of this enzootically appearing disease of the oral mucosa in reindeer.Misstanke om virusinfektion i munnslemhinnan på svensk ren.Abstract in Swedish / Sammanfattning: Under vintern 1980 drabbades renhjordar i Tornedalsområdet av betessvårigheter. Av denna anledning fördes mindre flockar, ur hjordarna, till inhägnader och tillskottsutfodrades. En del av de tillskottsutfodrade djuren insjuknade och dödsfall inträffade. Enligt djurägarna förlorade de sjuka djuren aptiten och uppvisade tecken på feber. Av de döda renarna erhölls åtta fôr obduktion vid Statens Veterinärmedicinska anstalt. Hos fem av de obducerade renarna forelåg skador i munhålan. Vid histologisk undersokning av munslemhinnan p

  3. Memoria e identidad

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    Julio De Zan

    2008-12-01

    of the founding deeds of the state-nation in the remote past, but is bound instead to other tragic events of the recent history of the society in which we live (6. In postmodern societies we witness a redefinition of traditional identity policies and a formation of new post-national identities bound to the tragic memory of genocides and to the moral and political commitment of "nevermore" (7.

  4. Et lykkeligt fornuftsægteskab? Turistforeningen for Danmark mellem hjemstavnsturisme og eksportturisme ca. 1888-1967

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    Mikael Frausing

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Artiklen baserer sig på undersøgelser af Turistforeningen for Danmarks virke med hovedvægt på perioden 1923-1945. Nedsættelsen af „Udenrigsministeriets Udvalg for Turistpropaganda i Udlandet" i 1934 betød en gennemgribende forandring, hvor staten for første gang involverede sig aktivt i Turistforeningens organisationog arbejde. Turisme blev herved i højere grad opfattet som et eksporterhverv og indrettet efter sit økonomiske indtjeningspotentiale. Hermed lagdes grunden til den organisation og den turismeopfattelse, som kom til at dominere efterkrigstidens danske turisme, mens tidligere, konkurrerende syn på turismen på sigt marginaliseredes. En gennemgang af Turistforeningens brochurer og udgivelservil i øvrigt demonstrere, at „Danmark som turistland" repræsenteredes i meget forskellige og konkurrerende diskurser, lige fra en hjemstavnsorientering med vægt på oldtid, landskaber og landbokultur til det „moderne Danmark" med levende byliv, uhøjtidelig harmoni, ungdommelighed og social ansvarlighed. Overordnet betød mellemkrigstiden både i organisation og repræsentation en forskydning af turistarbejdet fra provinsens lokale, folkelige forankring til byernes, primært københavnske, erhvervsinteresser.Abstract: A Happy Marriage of Convenience?The Danish National Tourist Organization c.1888-1967Turistforeningen for Danmark was the Danish National Tourist Organization from 1923-1967. It replaced Den danske Turistforening which dissolved in the turmoil following World War I, and was itself replaced in 1967 by Danmarks Turistråd. This article offers an outline of the development of Turistforeningen for Danmark with a main focus on the interwar-period 1923-1939. Through an analysis of the organization's activities to attract foreign visitors as well as to„enhance"the travel of Danes within their own country it is shown, how two distinct understandings of „tourism" co-existed, and was balanced against each other, within the

  5. Des millets aux nations From millets to nations: the construction of national identities in the novel You too, are you Greek? by Vassilios Christopoulos

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    Nicolas Pitsos

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available L’auteur de ce roman construit son intrigue sur l’histoire de plusieurs familles d’une part au moment de l’effondrement d’un monde, celui des millets de l’Empire ottoman fondé sur le principe de l’identification des individus en fonction de leurs croyances religieuses et, d’autre part, lors de la mise en place d’une nouvelle organisation politique, celle des États-nations obsédés par l’idée de la définition de l’individu sur la base de critères nationaux. L'exemple narratif dominant est celui du passage du millet des Roums à la nation des Grecs. Il s’agit d’un roman polyphonique quant à l’expression d’expériences traumatisantes issues de politiques de nettoyage ethnique et culturel, menées par les différentes parties impliquées dans les événements qui agitent l’Empire ottoman à la fin du XIXe et au début du XXe siècle. Dans ce sens, l’écriture de ce roman s’oppose aux lectures exclusivistes de l’événement historique, largement diffusées par les mythologies nationales balkaniques visant à exalter les souffrances de nos compatriotes et de nos coreligionnaires, tout en effaçant ou occultant les destins tragiques des Autres.The author of this novel puts in plot the history of various families, at the moment of the fall from one hand, of an entire world, this of ottoman empire’s millets, based on the principle of individual identification following their religious beliefs and during the establishment on the other hand, of a new political organization, this of State-Nations, obsessed by the idea of individual definition on the basis of national criteria. The predominant narrative paradigm is this of the Roum millet transition towards the Greeks' nation. It is about a polyphonic novel, regarding to the expression of traumatic experiences issued by the ethnic and cultural cleansing policies, conducted by the different actors implicated in the events which stirred up trouble in the ottoman

  6. Aportes para la Historia de la Historiografía Médico Veterinaria Venezolana - Contribution to History of Venezuela’s Veterinary Medicine Historiography. 1934-2009

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    Trujillo Mascia, Naudy

    2010-03-01

    Marc Bloch, Lucian Febvre and Pierre Vilar's Annales Historiografical School represented in Venezuela by Barquisimeto Historiographical School founded by Federico Brito Figueroa and Reinaldo Rojas; these both philosophical schools promote the vision of the Social History and the Synthesis or Total History Methodic Procedure using primarily the Progressive, Regressive and Comparative Historical Methods and the Documentation, Statistics, Interviews, Geohistory and Historical Inference Techniques. The investigation yielded as result the discovery of a significant number of works and publications dealing with the history of Venezuelan veterinary medicine since their beginnings as empirical activity until their development as a profession; and that such works have supported the formation of new veterinarians and that they have promoted the national medicalveterinary identity as a way of enhancing the social importance of the profession and its contribution to the construction of the State-Nation in Venezuela.

  7. Return rates of European graduate students in the US : How many and who return, and when ? Terugkeer van Europese doctoraatsstudenten in de VS : hoeveel keren er terug en wanneer ?

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    Linda Van Bouwel

    2012-12-01

    meebrengen, kan de Europese economie hier wel bij varen. In deze context bestuderen we de migratiebeslissingen van een steekproef van Europese economiestudenten die hun doctoraat in de VS behaald hebben. Ten eerste observeren we dat een hoog percentage verkiest in de VS te blijven : 64 % werkt momenteel nog steeds in de VS, terwijl slechts 24 % terugkeert naar hun thuisland, en een additionele 10 % zich elders in Europa vestigt. Ten tweede zien we dat de meerderheid van zij die momenteel thuis of in Europa werken, daar ook al werkten vlak na hun afstuderen. Binnen Europa is het Verenigd Koninkrijk de meest populaire bestemming voor doctoraatshouders die ervoor kiezen niet naar hun land van herkomst terug te keren. Ten slotte zijn er mogelijks argumenten om meer fondsen vrij te maken voor Europese studenten die in de Verenigde Staten hun doctoraat willen behalen, aangezien studenten die door hun thuisland gefinancierd worden meer kans maken om terug te keren.

  8. En kartlegging av forekomsten av forskjellige rusmidler blant norske motorvognførere pågrepet av politiet, med mistanke om påvirket kjøring

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    Kari-Mette Beylich m. fl Beylich m. fl

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGSjåfører som mistenkes for påvirket kjøring blir i første omgang vurdert av politiet med henblikk på om det kunskal rekvireres alkoholanalyse eller om det også skal tas prøve med hensyn på andre rusmidler (narkotika,medikamenter med ruspotensial ved Statens rettstoksikologiske institutt (SRI. Rutinemessig vil SRI undersøkedet politiet rekvirerer, men prøvene lagres inntil to år etter at de er analysert. Ved supplerende analyse i ettertidkan man således få et mer fullstendig bilde av hva mistenkte, påvirkede bilførere hadde i kroppen da de avgaprøve. I den foreliggende undersøkelsen ble 1197 prøver fra februar og september 1993 analysert på et bredtspekter av andre rusmidler foruten alkohol, uavhengig av hva politiets mistanke hadde vært. Vi fant da at alkoholalene var til stede i 55 % av prøvene, andre rusmidler alene i 16%, både alkohol og andre rusmidler i 14%, mensverken alkohol eller andre rusmidler ble påvist i 15% av prøvene. Politiets mistanke med hensyn til alkoholpåvirkningble bekreftet av analyseresultatene i 71% av tilfellene, og mistanke om forekomst av andre rusmidler i58% av tilfellene. Tidligere studier og denne undersøkelsen viste at bilførere som mistenkes for påvirket kjøringsynes å representere en gruppe med storbruk av alkohol og misbruk av andre stoff.Beylich K-M, Christophersen AS, Skurtveit S, Bjørneboe A, Mørland J. Frequency of different drugs in  ENGLISH SUMMARYDrivers apprehended under the suspicion of drunken or drugged driving are primarily evaluated by the police withregard to whether alcohol or drugs should be looked for in the blood samples taken shortly after apprehension.Until March 1996 all blood samples were sent to the National Institute of Forensic Toxicology (NIFT, for analysis.NIFT routinely perform only those analyses requested, but the samples are stored for up to two years afteranalysis. By later additional analyses of this material one could obtain a more

  9. De samvirkende danske Sukkerroedyrkerforeninger og Sukkerordningerne af 1930 og 1932

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    Lene Tønder Buur

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Sukkerordningen af 1930 og 1932 blev indført for at sikre den danske sukkerproduktion, da der allerede i slutningen af 1920´erne var tale om en international ”sukkerkrise”. Artiklen her vil se på hvorfor de to sukkerordninger blev indført.Sukkerordningerne er et pluralistisk udtryk for hvordan en mindre interesseorganisation, De samv. danske Sukkerroedyrkerforeninger, i et korporatistisk samarbejdede med den socialdemokratiske-radikale regering under 1930´emes krise sikrede statsstøtte til sukkererhvervet i en tid, hvor samarbejdet mellem stat og interesseorganisationer blev øget. På det politiske plan hjalp taktiske manøvrer sukkerordningerne gennem Rigsdagen. Sammen med regeringen og De Konservative gik dyrkerorganisationen udenom partiet Venstre og landets mest magtfulde korporative interesseorganisationer: Landbrugsraadet og Industrirådet. For De Konservative handlede støtten om at skabe politisk afstand til Venstre, mens regeringen brugte sukkerordningerne til at sikre sig De Konservatives støtte til andre velfærdsreformer.Med Loven om den midlertidige Sukkerordning af 1932 blev sukkerindustrien statskontrolleret. Staten fik kontrol med produktionen. Dyrkerne fik en økonomisk attraktiv ordning, men måtte som forhandlingspartner også være ansvarsbærende overfor såvel de enkelte landmænd som forbrugerne. Endelig sikredes fabrikkerne en stabil produktion uden egentlig at stå til ansvar for sukkerordningen. Særlig må De Danske Sukkerfabrikker siges at stå som den store vinder efter ordningens vedtagelse.---The Danish beet farmers’ organisation and The Sugar Acts 1930 and 1932In 1932 the Sugar Act (and the forerunner in 1930 is passed by the Danish parliament to ensure cultivation of sugar beets in Denmark. This paper will try to explain the origins of the ordinance.In the late twenties international sugar production is threatened by a “sugar crisis” created by low prices. The Danish beet farmers’ organisation

  10. Aquifer geochemistry at potential aquifer storage and recovery sites in coastal plain aquifers in the New York city area, USA

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    Brown, C.J.; Misut, P.E.

    2010-01-01

    The effects of injecting oxic water from the New York city (NYC) drinking-water supply and distribution system into a nearby anoxic coastal plain aquifer for later recovery during periods of water shortage (aquifer storage and recovery, or ASR) were simulated by a 3-dimensional, reactive-solute transport model. The Cretaceous aquifer system in the NYC area of New York and New Jersey, USA contains pyrite, goethite, locally occurring siderite, lignite, and locally varying amounts of dissolved Fe and salinity. Sediment from cores drilled on Staten Island and western Long Island had high extractable concentrations of Fe, Mn, and acid volatile sulfides (AVS) plus chromium-reducible sulfides (CRS) and low concentrations of As, Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu and U. Similarly, water samples from the Lloyd aquifer (Cretaceous) in western Long Island generally contained high concentrations of Fe and Mn and low concentrations of other trace elements such as As, Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu and U, all of which were below US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and NY maximum contaminant levels (MCLs). In such aquifer settings, ASR operations can be complicated by the oxidative dissolution of pyrite, low pH, and high concentrations of dissolved Fe in extracted water.The simulated injection of buffered, oxic city water into a hypothetical ASR well increased the hydraulic head at the well, displaced the ambient groundwater, and formed a spheroid of injected water with lower concentrations of Fe, Mn and major ions in water surrounding the ASR well, than in ambient water. Both the dissolved O2 concentrations and the pH of water near the well generally increased in magnitude during the simulated 5-a injection phase. The resultant oxidation of Fe2+ and attendant precipitation of goethite during injection provided a substrate for sorption of dissolved Fe during the 8-a extraction phase. The baseline scenario with a low (0.001M) concentration of pyrite in aquifer sediments, indicated that nearly 190% more water

  11. Reindeer pastoralism in Sweden 1550-1950

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    Lennart Lundmark

    2007-04-01

    during hundreds of years. To a large extent these long-term external influences have made reindeer pastoralism what it is today. That aspect should not be overlooked when assessing the future prospects of reindeer pastoralism in Scandinavia.Renskötseln i Sverige 1550-1950Abstract in Swedish / Sammanfattning: Först vid mitten av 1500-talet finns det källmaterial som ger oss en tämligen detaljerad bild av renskötseln i Sverige. Vid den tiden levde samerna i en jakt- , fiske- och samlarekonomi. En familj hade normalt 10-20 renar som främst utnyttjades vid transporter. Tamrenarna kunde också mjölkas och fungera som lockdjur vid vildrensjakt. Under senare delen av 1500-talet köpte svenska staten och handelsmän stora mängder pälsverk av samerna. Den vanligaste betalningen var smör och mjöl. Detta skapade ett välstånd som ledde till en betydande folkökning i svenska lappmarken. Befolkningen blev för stor för att rymmas inom ramarna för en jaktochfiskeekonomi. En kris i början av 1600-talet blev startpunkten för övergången till en storskalig rennomadism.Fram till mitten av 1700-talet var den intensiva renskötseln framgångsrik. Men renskötseln blev efterhand alltför intensiv. Under senare delen av 1700-talet började det spridas sjukdomar i de tätt sammanhållna hjordarna. De första decennierna av 1800-talet innebar en allvarlig kris i renskötseln. Antalet renskötande fjällsamer minskade kraftigt, främst genom utvandring till norska kusten. Den intensiva renskötseln med mjölkning av renarna började ersättas av en extensiv renskötsel inriktad på köttproduktion de sista decennierna av 1800-talet. I norr var naturförhållandena och influenser från Kautokeino-samerna en viktig faktor, i söder utvecklades renskötseln i extensiv riktning främst därför att marknaden för renkött kom närmare renskötarna. Under 1920-talet upphörde mjölkningen av renar i Sverige, utom i några enstaka familjer. Då hade förflyttningarna av samer fr

  12. Sociedad racional y educación: la génesis de la racionalidad educativa modernista

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    Guillermo Miranda Camacho

    2005-06-01

    desigualdad y en una visión meritocrática en la sociedad racional, como la ha denominado Touraine (1993.

     

    Abstract. The objective of this article is to explore some aspects related to the origin of modern education rationality. The study is based on the analysis of different dimensions of the dialectical interaction historically established between the rational logic behind the structural changes of the capitalist society and the construction of the modern liberal education perspective. With the purpose of defining the keys to the process, the first section provides a brief reference to the foundations of the origin of rational thinking and those of modernity, which was caused by the secularization process suffered by the universe of the renaissance culture. In the second part we discuss some dimensions of illustrations and the encyclopedia as basic cultural and education projects in the rational organization of society in the XVIII century. The third section explores some dimensions of the connection between capitalist modernization and educational rationality through some of the main historical factors: the creation of State-nations, nationality and citizenship, the rationality of liberal capitalism, the universality and ethnocentrism of the elite culture, the instrumental reason and the view of progress as technical evolution. In addition, we highlight the State’s adoption of education as part of the construction of the public sphere by emphasizing the rational and legitimating role that lies at the basis of these historical processes. Finally, the fourth section analyzes how the creation of modern rationality takes on a historical view of social progress neglecting humanistic ethics. This process influences the emergence of an educational rationality based on the ideological justification of inequality and on a meritocratic view of the rational society, as Tourine has defined it (1993.