WorldWideScience

Sample records for byg statens byggeforskningsinstitut

  1. Statens diagram

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyssen, Ole

    2016-01-01

    Når vi skal følge statens legender, må vi træffe et valg. Hvilket ord skal vi bruge, og var der stater før ordet "stat" kom til verden? Ordet blev brugt i 1500-tallet hos Machiavelli og før det hos Thomas Aquinas, hvor status ikke blot betød "stand", men også et samfunds "tilstand" eller forfatning...

  2. NanoByg - a survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch; Molin, Måns J.

    NanoByg is a pre-project funded by the private strategic foundation Realdania running in the period November 2006 until March 2007. The pre-project looks into the perspectives and potentials of nanotechnology in Danish construction. The purpose is to establish a basis for discussion on a potential...... initiative within nanoconstruction (termed NanoByg), with RealDania as well as varies ministries and other funding agents.. The pre-project also seeks to establish knowledge of and links between the nano science community and the construction industry to facilitate future cooperation between these areas....

  3. Case03: BIM hos driftsherre og byg- og driftsherrerådgiver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Flemming; Karlshøj, Jan; Hauch, Peter

    Casen repræsenterer et koncept, hvor både byg- og driftsherren og en byg- og driftsherrerådgiver er aktive i anvendelsen af en BIM-orienteret arbejdsmetode og modelbaserede værktøjer, som omfatter følgende aktiviteter: Design, Projektering, Udbud/tilbud, produktionsforberedelse, Udførelse og Drift...

  4. Selskaberne er en del af staten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hein Jessen, Mathias

    2016-01-01

    Lækket af Panama Papers fremhæver endnu engang den paradoksale rolle, ikke mindst multinationale selskaber spiller i politik og økonomi: De er både skabt af staten, og fremstår stadig som uden for og i opposition til staten. Hvis vi vil gøre noget ved problemet, må vi forstå, hvordan stat og...

  5. ZeroWaste BYG: Redesigning construction materials towards zero waste society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkelund, Gunvor Marie; Schmidt, Jacob Wittrup; Ottosen, Lisbeth M.

    2014-01-01

    and phosphorous from waste incineration, sewage sludge and other bio ashes [1], providing the basis to make these ash types an attractive, new material for the building sector.The amount of waste increases and it is both difficult and expensive to handle many waste types as e.g.different ashes. At the same time......The ZeroWaste research group (www.zerowaste.byg.dtu.dk) at the Department of Civil Engineering was established in 2012 and covers the broad range of expertise required for turning waste materials into attractive, new materials. Members of the group have developed methods for removal of heavy metals...... there are fewer natural resources and the general consumption increases. We wish to utilize alternative and new ash types as raw material in concrete, similarly to what was previously seen with fly ash from coal combustion and microsilica, which were both transformed from problematic waste to valuable raw...

  6. Actuele veranderingen in het recreatiebeleid in de Verenigde Staten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beckers, Th.A.M.

    1982-01-01

    Afgelopen najaar bracht de auteur een studiebezoek aan de Verenigde Staten van Amerika. Drie zaken hadden daarbij zijn speciale aandacht: de inhoud en organisatie van het recreatieonderwijs, de stand van zaken en ontwikkelingen in het recreatie-onderzoek en actuele veranderingen in het

  7. Post-Recession Housing Crisis on Staten Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo Re, Mary L.

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates the experience of Staten Island's diverse urban communities with limited financial resources regarding access to affordable housing after the 2008 economic downturn. It details a successful partnership in researching the challenges faced in these communities and offers recommendations for the targeting of resources to…

  8. Decrease in rate of opioid analgesic overdose deaths - Staten Island, New York City, 2011-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paone, Denise; Tuazon, Ellenie; Kattan, Jessica; Nolan, Michelle L; O'Brien, Daniella Bradley; Dowell, Deborah; Farley, Thomas A; Kunins, Hillary V

    2015-05-15

    From 2000 to 2011, the rate of unintentional drug poisoning (overdose) deaths involving opioid analgesics increased 435% in Staten Island, from 2.0 to 10.7 per 100,000 residents. During 2005-2011, disparities widened between Staten Island and the other four New York City (NYC) boroughs (Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Queens); in 2011, the rate in Staten Island was 3.0-4.5 times higher than in the other boroughs. In response, the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) implemented a comprehensive five-part public health strategy, with both citywide and Staten Island-targeted efforts: 1) citywide opioid prescribing guidelines, 2) a data brief for local media highlighting Staten Island mortality and prescribing data, 3) Staten Island town hall meetings convened by the NYC commissioner of health and meetings with Staten Island stakeholders, 4) a Staten Island campaign to promote prescribing guidelines, and 5) citywide airing of public service announcements with additional airing in Staten Island. Concurrently, the New York state legislature enacted the Internet System for Tracking Over-Prescribing (I-STOP), a law requiring prescribers to review the state prescription monitoring system before prescribing controlled substances. This report describes a 29% decline in the opioid analgesic-involved overdose death rate in Staten Island from 2011 to 2013, while the rate did not change in the other four NYC boroughs, and compares opioid analgesic prescribing data for Staten Island with data for the other boroughs. Targeted public health interventions might be effective in lowering opioid analgesic-involved overdose mortality rates.

  9. 76 FR 45690 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Raritan River, Arthur Kill and Their Tributaries, Staten Island...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ... Kill and Their Tributaries, Staten Island, NY and Elizabeth, NJ AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Final... operation of the Arthur Kill (AK) Railroad Bridge at mile 11.6, across Arthur Kill between Staten Island... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) entitled Drawbridge Operation Regulations Raritan River, Arthur Kill and their...

  10. Modeling and simulation of storm surge on Staten Island to understand inundation mitigation strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kress, Michael E.; Benimoff, Alan I.; Fritz, William J.; Thatcher, Cindy A.; Blanton, Brian O.; Dzedzits, Eugene

    2016-01-01

    Hurricane Sandy made landfall on October 29, 2012, near Brigantine, New Jersey, and had a transformative impact on Staten Island and the New York Metropolitan area. Of the 43 New York City fatalities, 23 occurred on Staten Island. The borough, with a population of approximately 500,000, experienced some of the most devastating impacts of the storm. Since Hurricane Sandy, protective dunes have been constructed on the southeast shore of Staten Island. ADCIRC+SWAN model simulations run on The City University of New York's Cray XE6M, housed at the College of Staten Island, using updated topographic data show that the coast of Staten Island is still susceptible to tidal surge similar to those generated by Hurricane Sandy. Sandy hindcast simulations of storm surges focusing on Staten Island are in good agreement with observed storm tide measurements. Model results calculated from fine-scaled and coarse-scaled computational grids demonstrate that finer grids better resolve small differences in the topography of critical hydraulic control structures, which affect storm surge inundation levels. The storm surge simulations, based on post-storm topography obtained from high-resolution lidar, provide much-needed information to understand Staten Island's changing vulnerability to storm surge inundation. The results of fine-scale storm surge simulations can be used to inform efforts to improve resiliency to future storms. For example, protective barriers contain planned gaps in the dunes to provide for beach access that may inadvertently increase the vulnerability of the area.

  11. Hvordan kan staten fremme innovation, der fører til bæredygtige energisystemer?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Helle Ørsted; Pedersen, Anders Branth

    2013-01-01

    kan fremme innovation, der sikrer en sådan omstilling. Artiklen undersøger, om nyere systemiske transitionsteorier indebærer en reformulering af statens rolle i innovationsprocesser sammenlignet med traditionelle økonomiske teorier om innovationsfremme. Det gør den dels gen-nem teori-review, dels...

  12. 76 FR 16715 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Raritan River, Arthur Kill and Their Tributaries, Staten Island...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-25

    ... Kill and Their Tributaries, Staten Island, NY and Elizabeth, NJ AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION... regulations governing the operation of the Arthur Kill (AK) Railroad Bridge at mile 11.6, across Arthur Kill... Kill (AK) Railroad Bridge at mile 11.6, across Arthur Kill, has a vertical clearance of 31 feet at mean...

  13. BYG-1. Lavt boligbyggeri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Birte Møller

    2010-01-01

    Teoretisk indlæring i myndighedskrav, lokalplankrav og BR-krav til 1½ etages énfamiliehuse. Skitsering, udformning, bygningsdesign og projektering. Projektorienteret gruppearbejde. 15% forelæsninger 85% dialogbaseret projektvejledning Semester: 1. Omfang: 15% af 15 ects Klasse str: 30-65......Teoretisk indlæring i myndighedskrav, lokalplankrav og BR-krav til 1½ etages énfamiliehuse. Skitsering, udformning, bygningsdesign og projektering. Projektorienteret gruppearbejde. 15% forelæsninger 85% dialogbaseret projektvejledning Semester: 1. Omfang: 15% af 15 ects Klasse str: 30-65...

  14. Evaluation of Statens Serum Institut Enteric Medium for Detection of Enteric Pathogens

    OpenAIRE

    Blom, Marianne; Meyer, Aase; Gerner-Smidt, Peter; Gaarslev, Knud; Espersen, Frank

    1999-01-01

    The efficacy of the Statens Serum Institut (SSI) enteric medium for isolation and direct identification of enteric pathogens was evaluated. Six different biochemical reactions can be read by using the SSI enteric medium, allowing direct identification of a range of enteric pathogens. All 248 gram-negative bacterial species that were tested grew on the SSI enteric medium. Only 10 of 248 bacteria (4%) showed discrepant results in the biochemical reactions, and none of these were enteric pathoge...

  15. Den engelske stats regulering af forholdet mellem staten og henholdsvis anglikanisme og islam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinding, Niels Valdemar

    følgende ekspliciterde islamiske identitet, bliver det tydeligt, at religion som sådan er blevet forsømt i lovgivningen. Dette bliver yderligere tydeligt med selvmordsbomberne i London den 7. juli 2005. For at undersøge denne overordnede problemstilling tager det første kapitel udgangspunkt i det....... Dette teoretiske udgangspunkt anvendes på forholdet mellem stat og religion, som det kommer til udtryk i multikulturalismen. Dette forhold viser sig forståelig som et differentieret medborgerskab, som forpligter både de kristne og muslimerne, ligesom det fordrer en vedvarende evaluering af normer og...... værdier, der er fremmede for både den engelske stat og samfund. Som det klart største trossamfund i England, betragter den engelske kirke det som sit ansvar, at benytte sig af sine tætte relationer til staten og sin betragtelige autonomi til at påvirke statens tilgang til religion generelt og islam...

  16. Alternativ isolering i bygninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2001-01-01

    Resume af rapport om målinger på alternative isoleringsmaterialer i bygninger, udgivet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut (SBI meddelelse 128) under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  17. Byg det op”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falkenberg, Helene; Juelskjær, Malou

    2015-01-01

    læringsledelsen spatialiseres i en specifik udgave – den parkouriseres. Med parkouriseringen ’hacker’ læringsledelsen sig ind på et fænomen (parkour), som ikke har noget med skole at gøre. Denne indirekte form at fremme læring på, er et sindebillede på en ledelsestendens – også i en reformtid, og derfor en...

  18. Statens helseundersøkelser: Fra tuberkulosekamp til mangesidig epidemiologisk virksomhet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kjell Bjartveit

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGI 1940 ble skjermbildefotografering tatt i bruk i tuberkulosearbeidet. Statens skjermbildefotografering bleopprettet i 1943 for at dette helsetilbudet kunne nå frem til alle. Fra 1952 var virksomheten landsdekkende.Screeningen ble utført av team som besøkte alle kommuner med buss eller båt. Resultatene ble meddelt den lokalehelsetjeneste, som tok seg av oppfølgingen.I 1962 ble Det sentrale tuberkuloseregister opprettet. Fra 1969 ble totalundersøkelsene gradvis avløst av selektivetuberkuloseundersøkelser. Risiko ble beregnet på grunnlag av resultater fra tidligere masseundersøkelser, ogbare personer med relativt høy risiko ble innbudt.På 1950-60-tallet ble undersøkelsene utvidet med enkelte større epidemiologiske prosjekter. I 1970-80-åreneble det gjennomført omfattende kartlegginger av risikofaktorer for hjerte-karsykdom i tre fylker, og i 1985 startetdet såkalte 40-åringsprogrammet, som fra 1993 er landsomfattende. Alle kommuner besøkes med tre års intervall.Ved hver runde innbys alle personer 40-42 år til undersøkelse mhp. kardiovaskulær risiko. Undersøkelsene er entotalpakke som omfatter overvåking, forskning, undervisning og forebygging ved masse- og høyrisikostrategi.I 1986 ble navnet endret til Statens helseundersøkelser. Institusjonen er i dag engasjert i mangesidig virksomhetinnenfor forebygging og epidemiologi. Epidemiologisk forskning, rådgivning og helseopplysning spiller ensentral rolle. Opp gjennom årene er det samlet en unik datakilde som burde ha vært utnyttet mer inngående.Bjartveit K. The National Health Screening Service: From fight against tuberculosis to many-sidedepidemiological activities. Nor J Epidemiol 1997; 7 (2: 157-174. ENGLISH SUMMARYFrom 1940 miniature chest X-ray screening was used in tuberculosis work. In 1943 the National Mass RadiographyService was established so that this health measure could be offered everyone. From 1952 onwards thisservice covered the entire

  19. Lung cancer trends: smoking, obesity, and sex assessed in the Staten Island University’s lung cancer patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gupta S

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Shilpi Gupta,1 Samer Hassan,1 Vijaya R Bhatt,2 Houssein Abdul Sater,1 Asma Dilawari31Hematology-Oncology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA; 2Hematology-Oncology, Nebraska Medical Ctr, Omaha, NE, USA; 3Hematology-Oncology, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Olney, Maryland, USAIntroduction: The incidence of lung cancer in the United States decreased by 1.8% from 1991 to 2005 while it increased by 0.5% in females. We assessed whether nonsmokers afflicted with lung cancer at Staten Island University Hospital are disproportionately female in comparison to national averages. We also evaluated different factors including race, histology, and body mass index (BMI in correlation with smoking history.Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted from 2005 to 2011 on 857 patients. Patients were divided into two groups according to their smoking status: current or ever-smokers, and former or never-smokers. A chi-square test for categorical data and multivariate logistic regression analyses was used to study the relation between BMI and the other clinical and demographic data.Results: Forty-nine percent of patients were men and 51% were women with a mean age at diagnosis of 67.8 years. Current smokers were most common (50.2% followed by ever-smokers (18.2%, former smokers (15.8% and never-smokers (15.6%. Forty eight percent had stage IV lung cancer upon presentation. Never-smokers with lung cancer were 24 times more likely to be females. However, the proportion of female former smokers (31.6% was lower than the proportion of male former smokers (68.4% (P=0.001. There was no significant association between American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC stage, sex, race, and histological type in the two smoking groups. Current/ever-smokers tended to be younger at age of diagnosis (P=0.0003. BMI was lower in the current/ever-smokers (26.8 kg/m2 versus former/never-smokers (28.8 in males (P=0.0005. BMI was significantly higher in

  20. Temperature profiles from expendable bathythermograph (XBT) casts from the USCGC STATEN ISLAND in the North Pacific Ocean in support of the Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS) project from 08 February 1973 to 21 March 1973 (NODC Accession 7300514)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — XBT data were collected from the USCGC STATEN ISLAND in support of the Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS) project. Data were collected by the US Coast...

  1. Phytoplankton and other data from net and bottle casts from the USCGC STATEN ISLAND as part of Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 07 August 1974 to 15 August 1974 (NODC Accession 8000564)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Phytoplankton and other data were collected from net and bottle casts from the USCGC STATEN ISLAND from 07 August 1974 to 15 August 1974. Data were collected by the...

  2. Keeping Up Accessibility Practices and How It Relates to Purchasing and Collection Development in Academic Libraries: A Case Study at the College of Staten Island Library

    OpenAIRE

    Falloon, Kerry A

    2017-01-01

    At the College of Staten Island (CSI) Library-CUNY, the library has access to over 160 different electronic resources. A concerted effort started in 2016 to start collecting relevant voluntary product accessibility template (VPAT) statements from new and current vendors and integrate these new practices into acquisition and electronic resources (ER) workflows. The paper will discuss the responsibilities of purchasing agents in libraries, acquisition or ER librarians, in regard to understandin...

  3. Byg og hold bøtte!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.

    2009-01-01

    Anmeldelse af en bog, der gennemgår forskellige receptioner af Ludwig Mies van der Rohes arkitektur ud fra forskellige filosofiske og kulturkritiske vinkler. Bogen har som særlig dagsorden af genoverveje den kritiske teoris status på feltet mellem arkitektur og kulturkritik og følger de rene...

  4. Quentin Skinner, Staten og friheten. Oslo: Res Publica, 2011. José Luis Martí and Philip Pettit, A Political Philosophy in Public Life. Civic Republicanism in Zapatero's Spain. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010 (Simon Laumann Jørgensen)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Simon Laumann

    2012-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Quentin Skinner, Staten og friheten, Oslo: Res Publica 2011, 199 NOK & José Luis Martí & Philip Pettit, A Political Philosophy in Public Life. Civic Republicanism in Zapatero’s Spain, Princeton: Princeton University Press 2010, $ 24.95......Anmeldelse af Quentin Skinner, Staten og friheten, Oslo: Res Publica 2011, 199 NOK & José Luis Martí & Philip Pettit, A Political Philosophy in Public Life. Civic Republicanism in Zapatero’s Spain, Princeton: Princeton University Press 2010, $ 24.95...

  5. Bygningsakustik 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, J.

    Med denne anvisning om bygningsakustik er forsøgsvis indledt et samarbejde mellem Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole og Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut om udsendelse af publikationer til brug for undervisningen af arkitektstuderende. Selvom anvisningen således er begrænset i sit hovedsigte, er det udg...

  6. Dimensionering af varme- og ventilationsanlæg til stalde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, J.

    Fra tid til anden har der været rejst kritik af de dimensioneringsregler vedrørende varme- og ventilationsanlæg i staldbygninger, som er udarbejdet af Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut. En af årsagerne hertil er måske, at der fra instituttets side ikke er gjort tilstrækkelig godt rede for, på hvilket...

  7. Hvor stor kan en istap blive?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anker

    2010-01-01

    Flere læsere har spurgt, hvor store istapper egentlig kan blive. Anker Nielsen, seniorforsker og professor ved Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut , svarer: FRYSNING AF dryppende vand og smeltet sne giver istapper, ikke bare på tage men også i naturen på træer, vandfald osv...

  8. Trin på vej mod år 2018?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjerup Hansen, J.; Hansen, K.E.; Kristensen, H.

    Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut har i foråret 1996 for Miljø- og Energiministeriets landsplanafdeling evalueret eksempelprojekterne fra Landsplanredegørelsen 1992. I alt 11 eksempelprojekter blev iværksat 14 forskellige steder i landet i 1993/94, og det er forløbet og resultaterne af disse projek...

  9. Fraflytning er ikke en naturlov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Helle

    2015-01-01

    DEBAT: Der er brug for en erkendelse af, at det ikke er en naturlov, at folk vil flytte til byerne. Forskning viser, at børnefamilier finder tryghed og ideelle rammer for familielivet på landet. Det skriver Helle Nørgaard, seniorforsker, ph.d., Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut, Aalborg Universitet....

  10. [Johan Engström. Revals Befästningsdhistoria sedd utifrån en maquett från 1682. Statens försvarshistoriska museer 2011. Skrift nr 17. ] / Ragnar Nurk, Robert Treufeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurk, Ragnar

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Johan Engström. Revals Befästningsdhistoria sedd utifrån en maquett från 1682. Statens försvarshistoriska museer 2011. Skrift nr 17. 2011. Rootsi-aegsestest kindlustustest. Hilisema perioodi kindlustustest

  11. USA and European Union. Loyal allies? A new episode in energy diplomacy; Verenigde Staten en Europese Unie. Trouwe bondgenoten? Nieuwe episode in energiediplomatie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van der Linde, C.; Hoogeveen, F.

    2005-07-15

    The authors focus on a new chapter in energy diplomacy of the United States and the European Union. They deal with various relevant causes of the structural change in global petrol and gas markets in the context of Transatlantic relations. Their key question is whether efforts at improving energy security will help maintain the Transatlantic relationship or rather act as divisive element. [Dutch] De auteurs richten zich op een nieuw hoofdstuk in de energie-diplomatie van de Verenigde Staten en de Europese Unie. Zij bespreken diverse relevante oorzaken van de structurele veranderingen in de wereldwijde benzine-en gasmarkten in het kader van de transatlantische betrekkingen. Hun belangrijkste vraag is of de inspanningen ter verbetering van de energie zekerheid de trans-Atlantische relatie zal helpen onderhouden van als splijtzwam zal fungeren.

  12. Primary productivity and other data from bottle casts from the USCGC STATEN ISLAND and other platforms in the North Pacific Ocean in support of the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 07 August 1974 to 06 May 1979 (NODC Accession 8000599)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Primary productivity and other data were collected from bottle casts from the USCGC STATEN ISLAND and other platforms in the North Pacific Ocean from 07 August 1974...

  13. Staten, folkekirken og dansk sekularisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dabelsteen, Hans Boas

    2012-01-01

    Dette kapitel bringer et forsøg på at begrebsliggøre grænsedragningen mellem religion og politik, med det formål at tydeliggøre de værdier, rationaler og magtformer, der ligger i dansk kirke- og religionspolitik. Hovedargumentet er, at politisk diskussion blandt ledende politikere ikke tager...... udgangspunkt i et for eller imod folkekirken. Derimod identifi ceres to konkurrerende sekularismeformer, der eksisterer i kraft af stat-kirke-forholdet (hhv. offi ciel og tolerant folkekirkelighed), samt en mere marginal radikal adskillelsesdoktrin. Begge folkekirkeligheder har, trods deres forskellige syn på...

  14. Staten har inddraget universiteternes frihed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingemann, Jan Holm; Christensen, Jens; Madsen, Mogens Ove

    2007-01-01

    I kronikken analyseres den seneste universitetsreform i et historisk perspektiv og i relation til universiteternes principielle rolle. Det konkluderes bl.a., at den klassiske kontrakt om afstand mellem statsmagt og universitet nu de facto er opsagt af den danske stat og frihedslogikken af styring...

  15. Borgernes viden om tilgængelighed er guld værd for bygherrer og it-folk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sigbrand, Lone; Malmborg, Lone; Byskov Bøtkjær, Tue

    2013-01-01

    det især ud over personer med handicap, og at man i større grad bør inddrage borgere, når man skal skabe effektive løsninger. De tre skribenter er henholdsvis formand for Det Centrale Handicapråd, rådgiver ved Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut og lektor på IT-Universitetet i København....

  16. LED-lys til ældre: Lys, trivsel og alder - Hvordan hænger det sammen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sander, Birgit Agnes; Kessel, Line; Ahmad, Hajer

    at forbedre søvnkvaliteten og dermed øge trivsel og aktivitetsniveau. Samtidig har markedet fået helt nye lyskilder som LED. De giver langt flere muligheder, end vi har været vant til med gløde- og halogenpærer og sparepærer. Glostrup Hospitals Øjenafdeling, DTU Fotonik, Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut, Gate...

  17. UDVIKLING AF CDIO I DESIGN BUILD KURSUS PÅ DTU BYG

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jørgen Erik

    2009-01-01

    En af de store udfordringer ved moderne undervisning for ingeniørstuderende er behovet for undervisningslektioner af høj kvalitet på en måde, så emnet præsenteres på en interessant og engageret måde. Førhen var det traditionelle format for undervisningslektioner 45 minutters monolog fra en underv...

  18. Effektivitet af naturligt drevne radontiltag året rundt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haker Høegh, Britt; Rasmussen, Torben Valdbjørn

    Denne rapport omhandler projektet Effektivitet af naturligt drevne radontiltag året rundt. Projektet er et spireprojekt finansieret af Innovationsnetværket InnoBYG og Forsknings- og Innovationsstyrelsen. Projektet er gennemført af Teknologisk Institut i samarbejde med Statens Byggeforskningsinsti...... bygningsejerne, som har stillet deres bygninger til rådighed. Rapporten er udarbejdet af Britt Haker Høegh, Teknologisk Institut, og Torben Valdbjørn Rasmussen, SBi....

  19. Statens synlige hånd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rüdiger, Mogens

    The book presents a study of the size of the legislation in the 20th Century and suggests an explanation of why the regulation is more extensive in some periods than in others. The second part of the book analyses the political arguments for and against new regulation with special reference...

  20. Højisoleret kontorbyggeri med glasfacader

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aggerholm, Søren O.; Schultz, Jørgen Munthe; Bergsøe, Niels C.

    Bygninger tegner sig for over 40% af EU’s energiforbrug og CO2 udledning fra energiforbrug. Størsteparten af energiforbruget i bygninger går til opvarmning og afkøling. Ved planlægning af Rockwool International's nye forskningscenter i Hedehusene var det målet at opføre byggeriet som et lavenergi....... Yderligere detaljer findes i detailrapporterne, som der er referencer til bagerst i rapporten. Målingerne og analyserne er gennemført af BYG·DTU og Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut i samarbejde med Rockwool International A/S....

  1. Rang in der Staten rij. Dot Serfontein. Pretoria: Protea Boekhuis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ramiese blik op die kommandolewe, waar die leser kennis maak met 'n verskeidenheid karakters soos Bertie met “die kleur van 'n skoongewaste vars aartappel” (52), die flambojante Ier Cally O'Rourke, die onge- skoolde Theun Jonker en ou Aggemem. Ongelukkig word hierdie narratiewe ryk- dom telkens versteur deur 'n ...

  2. Hjemløshed i Grønland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Knud Erik; Andersen, Hans Thor

    Justitsvæsen, Grønlands Selvstyre og Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut. Forskningsprojektet, der ligger bag rapporten, er finansieret af Selvstyret. English The report provides a description of the nature of homelessness in Greenland. It describes the situation of three forms of homelessness in Greenland, how...... households get homeless and their options to get out of homelessness. The report contains descriptions of how a number of people live in homelessness. The three types are: Homeless with no fixed accommodation, resettled living in resettlement housing and homeless who are long-time living with family, friends...... and acquaintances. The report describes how the government in Greenland, local authorities and housing associations deal with homelessness and issues in society that affects homelessness in Greenland. It specifies a number of points, that to have the focus when society must do something to reduce homelessness...

  3. Trin på vej mod år 2018?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjerup Hansen, J.; Hansen, K.E.; Kristensen, H.

    projekter frem til udgangen af 1995, der tages op i evalueringen. Det konkluderes, at organisations- og samarbejdsprocesserne vurderes positivt. Det samme gælder for en række delmål, mens de mere langsigtede og overordnede resultater kun i meget begrænset omfang er blevet nået. Rapporten henvender sig til......Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut har i foråret 1996 for Miljø- og Energiministeriets landsplanafdeling evalueret eksempelprojekterne fra Landsplanredegørelsen 1992. I alt 11 eksempelprojekter blev iværksat 14 forskellige steder i landet i 1993/94, og det er forløbet og resultaterne af disse...... de kommuner og organisationer, som har været - eller er - involveret i tilsvarende forsøgs- og udviklingsprojekter, ligesom ministerier der benytter eksempelprojekter i deres arbejde kan drage nytte af erfaringerne fra eksempelprojekterne....

  4. De Verenigde Staten en de Europese Unie in Centraal Eurazië : relaties met regionale mogendheden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Amineh, M.; Houweling, H.

    2005-01-01

    Mehdi Amineh and Henk Houweling examine the role and influence of both the United States and the European Union in the region of Central Eurasia (CEA). In this region both superpowers are confronted with eight young states which emerged following the demise of the Soviet Union. These states have

  5. Hvad er statens rolle i stigmatiseringen af de forsømte boligområder?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Troels Schultz

    2015-01-01

    Vi kender dem alle sammen – Tåstrupgård, Stationsbyen, Vejleåparken, Høje Gladsaxe osv. – navnene på berømte og berygtede forstæder på Vestegnen. De giver os villigt eller uvilligt billeder på nethinden af grå beton, sutter med bajere, hunde og Puch-Maxier med mælkekasser, enlige mødre og mennesk...

  6. Etnisch ondernemerschap : de Chinese horecasector in Nederland en in de Verenigde Staten van Amerika

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rijkschroeff, Boudewijn Roger

    1998-01-01

    Chinese cuisine has become very familiar to Dutch society in the past few decades. Although there already existed a handful of Chinese restaurants in the Netherlands shortly after the Second World War, it was not until the 1970s that the Chinese restaurant and catering sector began to bloom. In

  7. Amerikanen in toga : de Romeinse Republiek als rolmodel voor de jonge Verenigde Staten van Amerika

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, Tietje

    2015-01-01

    Inspired by their education in the classics and their belief that the past was to serve as a model for the presence, the American Founding Fathers took the political system of the early Roman Republic as the basis for the new polity of the independent United States of America. When necessary, they

  8. Het verantwoorde verschil. Intelligentiemeting in de Verenigde Staten. Historische wortels van een hedendaags vraagstuk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Friesen, Gérôme Lambertus

    2006-01-01

    The central question in this thesis is why standardised intelligence testing plays such a dominant part in the lives of citizens in the United States and also leads to such vicious debates between believers and non-believers of intelligence testing. Over the years a number of studies where written

  9. 76 FR 39361 - AmeriCorps State/National, Senior Companions, Foster Grandparents, and Retired and Senior...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    .../National (including Education Award Program) participants, and other Corporation grant-funded participants... National Sex Offender Public Web site (NSOPW)--on all ``covered individuals.'' Covered individuals were... otherwise precluded under state law from complying with a Corporation requirement relating to criminal...

  10. New York Power Authority Pouch Terminal Power Plant, Staten Island, NY; Petition to Object to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  11. Beyond the borderland: Incursion of the State-Nation, NAFTA and external control within the Mexican-American mango industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert R. Álvarez

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Using the case of the US-Mexico Mango Industry this paper explores the engagement of the nation-state in transnational activity through the activities of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA. US control and certification of mangos imported into the United States is part of a broader system that includes NAFTA and historic labor immigration inducing new markets for “ethnic products”. This is part of a broader hemispheric system linked to US prerogatives. Although the USDA (like other border agencies controls the entrance of commodities at the US-Mexico geopolitical border, the encroachment of this agency into Mexico and its offshore control of commodity production and deistribution is not often a subject of investigation. This paper traces the development of the current USDA certification of mangos for US import, focusing on the hot water treatment of mangos and its controlling effects at local sites of production and distribution.

  12. Assimilatie in de literaire mainstream? Etnische grenzen in dagbladrecensies van etnische minderheidsauteurs in de Verenigde Staten, Nederland en Duitsland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.P.L. Berkers (Pauwke); M.S.S.E. Janssen (Susanne); M.N.M. Verboord (Marc)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThis article addresses to what extent literary critics in the United States, the Netherlands and Germany have drawn ethnic boundaries in their reviews of ethnic minority writers between 1983 and 2009 and to what extent ethnic boundaries in literary criticism have changed in each country

  13. 77 FR 60922 - Criminal History Check Requirements for AmeriCorps State/National, Senior Companions, Foster...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... National Sex Offender Public Web site (NSOPW); and (2) a search of either (a) the state criminal registry... abuse or sexual abuse, child abuse, burglary, or robbery; or perpetrated as part of a pattern or... covered positions must include (1) a nationwide check of the Department of Justice's National Sex Offender...

  14. Auteursrecht op informatie. Auteursrechtelijke bescherming van feitelijke gevens en gegevensverzamelingen in Nederland, de Verenigde Staten en West-Duitsland. Een rechtsvergelijkend onderzoek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hugenholtz, B.

    2005-01-01

    Volgens een oude auteursrechtelijke wijsheid beschermt het auteursrecht slechts de vorm, niet de feitelijke inhoud van een werk. De praktijk bewijst echter, dat het auteursrecht bij de bescherming van feitelijke gegevens en gegevensverzamelingen een belangrijke rol kan spelen. Rechters in Nederland,

  15. Auteursrecht op informatie : Auteursrechtelijke bescherming van feitelijke gevens en gegevensverzamelingen in Nederland, de Verenigde Staten en West-Duitsland. Een rechtsvergelijkend onderzoek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hugenholtz, Bernt

    2005-01-01

    Volgens een oude auteursrechtelijke wijsheid beschermt het auteursrecht slechts de vorm, niet de feitelijke inhoud van een werk. De praktijk bewijst echter, dat het auteursrecht bij de bescherming van feitelijke gegevens en gegevensverzamelingen een belangrijke rol kan spelen. Rechters in Nederland,

  16. Politiek door de staten: doel- of waarderationeel handelen in het besloten overleg over de Wadden en het openbaar beraad over de ecologische hoofdstructuur

    OpenAIRE

    Tromp, Gerbrig Heleen Maria

    2001-01-01

    POLITICS BY PROVINCE: Goal-oriented rational action or value-oriented rational action in closed debate on the Wadden region and public consultation on the ecological infrastructure General This thesis is a study of political conduct, and of provincial politics in particular. It is based on three research projects. The first two research projects are empirical studies that examine, respectively, the functioning of the discussion platform for government bodies relating to the Wadden Islands are...

  17. Politiek door de staten : doel- of waarderationeel handelen in het besloten overleg over de Wadden en het openbaar beraad over de ecologische hoofdstructuur

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tromp, Gerbrig Heleen Maria

    2001-01-01

    POLITICS BY PROVINCE: Goal-oriented rational action or value-oriented rational action in closed debate on the Wadden region and public consultation on the ecological infrastructure General This thesis is a study of political conduct, and of provincial politics in particular. It is based on three

  18. Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority. Roles, responsibilities, crisis management and challenges in Norwegian nuclear and radiological preparedness.; Statens straalevern. Roller, ansvar, krisehaandtering og utfordringer i norsk atomberedskap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-15

    The Crisis Committee for Nuclear and Radiological Preparedness initiated a project to assess the current national preparedness regarding nuclear and radiological emergencies. The purpose of the project was to make recommendations on how to further develop the Norwegian nuclear and radiological preparedness. The Crisis Committee outlines in this report the most important areas in the further development of Norway's nuclear and radiological emergency preparedness. (Author)

  19. Governmental exposure connected to possible slide scale execution for future field developments; Statens eksponering knyttet til mulig glideskalautoevelse paa fremtidige feltutbygginger

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bjoerstad, Heidi; Sunnevaag, Kjell

    1993-07-01

    In the allotment of exploitation permits the governmental and Statoil parts have in the beginning been 50 % in all. This usually is divided in 30 % to the government and 20 % to Statoil. The slide scale system gives the government the right to increase the propriety share in a development project in connection with approval of the development plans. It is also possible in some permits to use the slide scale at a later date. The slide scale system was abolished for new permits in connection with the state budget discussions in 1993. The practice of giving Statoil and SDOE a share of at least 50 % was also eased. At the allotment time the uncertainty of the resource potential and the economy in the development project was considerable. However the companies have expectations for the location potentials. On this bases they made their allotment applications for exploitation permits. The application also contained an offer for a slide scale. In connection with the allotments the companies and the authorities also negotiated for the slice scale design and level. When the final propriety composition was to be established the slide scale offers were important criterias. The background for the slide scale system is the wish of the authorities to involve a larger part of the basic interest in large findings. The slide scale is an attempt from the authorities to make the system progressive with respect to reserve size. This progressiveness is difficult to obtain by aid of the taxation system because the companies are the objects not the fields. In order to establish a portfolio of possible developments where the slide scale option is present we have used data rom Wood Mackenzie from March 1993. The fields which are used as well as the contribution to the government by the use of a slide scale for the single field in increased present value is shown. The yearly alterations in governmental income are shown for use of the slide scale system for all the fields in the portfolio as well as the accumulated alteration in present value. In the first years the alterations in income is negative as there is little production and large investments in the fields in the portfolio. Furthermore thereis a marked ''dip'' in the income from 2002 to 2007 as there are large investments in the development of Midgard. We also have made the same calculations when Smoerbukk Soer is replaced by a common development of Smoerbukk and Smoerbukk Soer and 34/11 is included in the portfolio. This however, only shows small alterations compared to the basic example. The accumulated governmental income shows an increase towards the year 2013 while the alterations in income will show a positive fluctuation from the year 1999 onwards in the level of 1,00 to 2,00. In the calculations there are used fields and assumptions from Wood Mackenzie, March 1993. These assumptions may seem somewhat optimistic. Therefore the alterations in the governmental income when other price premises are laid down are briefly dealt with. When a currency exchange rate of 7 NOK to 1 $ and a constant oil price are stipulated the limiting value of profits for execution of a slide scale would be apr. 16.5 $ a barrel for the portfolio as a whole.

  20. Case03

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Flemming; Karlshøj, Jan; Hauch, Peter

    Casen repræsenterer et koncept, hvor både byg- og driftsherren og en byg- og driftsherrerådgiver er aktive i anvendelsen af en BIM-orienteret arbejdsmetode og modelbaserede værktøjer, som omfatter følgende aktiviteter: Design, Projektering, Udbud/tilbud, produktionsforberedelse, Udførelse og Drift...

  1. Case04: BIM hos større entreprenør

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Flemming; Karlshøj, Jan; Hauch, Peter

    Casen repræsenterer et koncept, hvor både byg- og driftsherren og en byg- og driftsherrerådgiver er aktive i anvendelsen af en BIM-orienteret arbejdsmetode og modelbaserede værktøjer, som omfatter følgende aktiviteter: Design, Projektering, Udbud/tilbud, produktionsforberedelse, Udførelse og Drift...

  2. Identification and comparative analysis of microRNAs in barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) in response to rice allelopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Changxun; Li, Yingzhe; Li, Chengxun; Li, Biliang; Ren, Yongjie; Zheng, Haiping; Zeng, Xiaomei; Shen, Lihua; Lin, Wenxiong

    2015-07-01

    Rice allelopathy is a hot topic in the field of allelopathy, and behaviour of donor allelopathic rice has been well documented. However, few study addresses response of receiver barnyardgrass (BYG). We found that expression of miRNAs relevant to plant hormone signal transduction, nucleotide excision repair and the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor and p53 signalling pathways was enhanced in BYG co-cultured with the allelopathic rice cultivar PI312777, the expression levels of these miRNAs in BYG plants were positively correlated with allelopathic potential of the co-cultured rice varieties. Treatment of BYG plants with rice-produced phenolic acids also increased miRNA expression in BYG, while treatment with rice-produced terpenoids had no obvious effect on miRNA expression. In the hydroponic system, the largest number of Myxococcus sp. was found in the growth medium containing rice with the highest allelopathic potential. The addition of phenolic acids in the hydroponic medium also increased the number of Myxococcus sp. More interestingly, inoculation with Myxococcus xanthus significantly increased miRNA expression in the treated BYG. Jointed treatments of ferulic acid and M. xanthus led to strongest growth inhibition of BYG. The results suggest that there exist involvement of Myxococcus sp. and mediation of miRNA expression in rice allelopathy against BYG. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Analysis of Site-Specific Pollution from Agriculture - Economy and Nitrogen Loads in Vejle County

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, J. S.; Skop, E.

    Projekt: Bæredygtige strategier i landbruget (Sustainable strategies in agriculture). Et tværfagligt forskningsprojekt med deltagelse af Statens Jordbrugsøkonomiske Institut, Statens Planteavlsforsøg, Statens Jordbrugstekniske Forsøg, Statens Husdyrsforsøg, Den Kgl. Veterinær- og Landbohøjskole o...

  4. Calculating the Economic and Environmental Effects of Agricultural Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skop, E.; Schou, J. S.

    Projekt: Bæredygtige strategier i landbruget. Et tværfagligt forskningsprojekt med deltagelse af Statens Jordbrugsøkonomiske Institut, Statens Planteavlsforsøg, Statens Jordbrugstekniske Forsøg, Statens Husdyrsforsøg, Den Kgl. Veterinær- og Landbohøjskole og Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser....

  5. Orally Administered Baker's Yeast β-Glucan Promotes Glucose and Lipid Homeostasis in the Livers of Obesity and Diabetes Model Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Yan; Sun, Ying; Zou, Siwei; Li, Mengxia; Xu, Xiaojuan

    2017-11-08

    Baker's yeast glucan (BYG) has been reported to be an anti-diabetic agent. In the work described herein, further study on the effect of orally administered BYG on glucose and lipid homeostasis in the livers of ob/ob mice was performed. It was found that BYG decreased the blood glucose and the hepatic glucose and lipid disorders. Western blotting analysis revealed that BYG up-regulated p-AKT and p-AMPK, and down-regulated p-Acc in the liver. Furthermore, RNA-Seq analysis indicated that BYG down-regulated genes responsible for gluconeogenesis (G6pase and Got1), fatty acid biosynthesis (Acly, Acc, Fas, etc.), glycerolipid synthesis (Gpam and Lipin1/2), and cholesterol synthesis (Hmgcr, Fdps, etc.). Additionally, BYG decreased glucose transporters SGLT1 and GLUT2, fat emulsification, and adipogenic genes/proteins in the intestine to decrease glucose and lipid absorption. All these findings demonstrated that BYG is beneficial for regulating glucose and lipid homeostasis in diabetic mice, and thus has potential applications in anti-diabetic foods or drugs.

  6. Procedure for determining the design value of the thermal conductivity of thermal insulation materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2002-01-01

    Resume af rapport om en nyudviklet beregningsmetode til at bestemme fugtens indflydelse på varmeledningsevnen af isoleringsmaterialer, udarbejdet af Byg DTU under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  7. Ulven kommer – ellr gør den?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Provencal, Philippe

    2017-01-01

    Beskrivelse af ulvens (Canis lupus) status i Danmark ud fra forskning foretaget bl. a. af Statens Naturhistoriske Museum.......Beskrivelse af ulvens (Canis lupus) status i Danmark ud fra forskning foretaget bl. a. af Statens Naturhistoriske Museum....

  8. Praksisorienteret forskningsformidling via et offentligt website

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkeskov, Jesper

    I dialog med brugerne gennemføres en videreudvikling af By og Bygs website, www.by-og-byg.dk, som primært henvender sig til professionelle praktikere der beskæftiger sig med byggeriet og det byggede miljø. Ex ante antages det at såvel navigationsstruktur som søgefaciliteter skal rekonstrueres...... lignende informationstunge websites med fordel vil kunne hente inspiration i den udviklede løsning. Afhandlingen beskriver endvidere en komplet rekonstruktion af By og Bygs website, inkl. en ny navigationsstruktur som imødekommer brugernes behov for en emnebaseret indgang til websitets indhold. Ved den...... forskningsrapporter i traditionel, lineær form. Ex post synes det således fortsat at være en stor udfordring at hypermediere forskningsresultater med henblik på anvendelsesorientering. Afhandlingen ledsages af en betaversion af By og Bygs ny website, som blev idriftsat april 2004 på adressen www.by-og-byg.dk ....

  9. Screening method to assess the risk of explosive spalling on fire exposed concrete

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lars Schiøtt

    2003-01-01

    At the Technical University of Denmark (BYG.DTU)a new test set-up is under development to screen various concretes to assess their risk of explosive spalling. The test exposes a standard cylinder to compressive ring stresses together with rapid heating of the cylinder end.......At the Technical University of Denmark (BYG.DTU)a new test set-up is under development to screen various concretes to assess their risk of explosive spalling. The test exposes a standard cylinder to compressive ring stresses together with rapid heating of the cylinder end....

  10. Fermentering af korn øger fordøjeligheden af næringsstoffer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Anni Øyan; Jørgensen, Henry Johs. Høgh; Knudsen, Knud Erik Bach

    2010-01-01

    Et fordøjelighedsforsøg har vist, at energiværdien af byg og hvede steg ved fermentering. Effekten var størst ved fermentering af byg, hvor fordøjeligheden af organisk stof for enden af tyndtarmen steg statistisk sikkert med 9 %. Ved fermentering af hvede steg fordøjeligheden af organisk stof...... statistisk sikkert med 3 %. Stigningen i energiværdien ved fermentering af korn kunne ikke vises ved foderanalyser (FEsv), hvilket viser, at in vitro-analyserne EFOS og EFOSi ikke kan anvendes til vurdering af effekten af fermentering. Fordøjeligheden af fosfor i foderblandinger baseret på byg eller hvede og...... tilskudsfoder steg statistisk sikkert ved fermentering af kornet. Der blev ikke tilsat mikrobiel fytase. Ved fermentering af byg steg fordøjeligheden af fosfor i foderblandingen fra 32 til 47 %, og ved fermentering af hvede steg fordøjeligheden af fosfor i blandingen fra 43 til 57 %. Fordøjeligheden af fosfor i...

  11. Anvendelse af alternative isoleringsmaterialer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Carsten Mørk; Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place; Hansen, Morten Hjorslev

    Denne By og Byg anvisning beskriver de byggetekniske egenskaber ved en række isoleringsmaterialer, der kan anvendes som alternativer til de etablerede materialer. Anvisningen opstiller krav til konstruktioner, hvori sådanne materialer anvendes og giver eksempler på konstruktioner, der opfylder di...

  12. Fermentering af korn øger fordøjeligheden af næringsstoffer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Anni Øyan; Jørgensen, Henry; Bach Knudsen, Knud Erik

    2010-01-01

    statistisk sikkert med 3 %. Stigningen i energiværdien ved fermentering af korn kunne ikke vises ved foderanalyser (FEsv), hvilket viser, at in vitro-analyserne EFOS og EFOSi ikke kan anvendes til vurdering af effekten af fermentering. Fordøjeligheden af fosfor i foderblandinger baseret på byg eller hvede og...

  13. Specifik mutation med nålestiksoperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holme, Inger; Wendt, Toni; Brinch-Pedersen, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Mutanter af byg er vigtige i forskningen og benyttes også, når der forædles nye sorter til dyrkning. Hidtil har det kun været muligt at inducere mutationer tilfældige steder i genomet. Med helt ny teknologi benyttes proteiner med betegnelsen TALENs til at inducere mutationer i helt specifikke...

  14. Project families: A new concept for student thesis activities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goltermann, Per; Ottosen, Lisbeth M.; Schmidt, Jacob Wittrup

    2017-01-01

    The students’ activities during their final thesis work have been organised in project families, i.e. a group of individual student project organized in a shared learning environment. The aim is more efficient supervision and support, simultaneously to improved learning. DTU Byg have now tested...

  15. Thermo Active Building Systems(TABS) - Performance in practice and possibilities for optimization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolarik, Jakub

    The project “Thermo Active Building Systems (TABS) – Performance in practice and possibilities for optimization” was carried out at DTU Byg in the period form 1.9.2012 until 31.12.2014. The aim of the project was to conduct field measurements in modern office buildings equipped with TABS systems ....... The project was financed by Bjarne Saxhof foundation....

  16. Investigation of GMO and ancient Grains for Bioplastic and Food Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sagnelli, Domenico

    I dette projekt er der udviklet nye koncepter for helt naturlige bioplast systemer og sunde diætfibre. Termoplastisk stivelse (TPS) fremstilles ved anvendelse af traditionelle processer, såsom ekstrudering. I dette projekt anvendes transgen byg (Hordeum vulgare, Hv) med en stivelse der indeholder...

  17. Ægte død og ødelæggelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannesen, Hildegunn Juulsgaard

    2017-01-01

    Byg op og bryd ned. Minecraft tilbyder 3D genererede verdener, hvor der kan bygges, udforskes, samles, skabes og kæmpes. Elever fra Ahlmann-skolen i Sønderborg deltog i et utraditionelt undervisningsforløb om 1864 på Sønderborg Bibliotek, bygget og fortalt gennem Minecraft. Forløbet var et led i...

  18. Regulering af trossamfund er ikke et spørgsmål om religionsfrihed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lægaard, Sune

    2013-01-01

    Det kan diskuteres, hvordan en regulering af forholdet mellem staten og trossamfundene skal se ud. Men der er strengt taget ingen modstrid mellem et trossamfunds officielle status og den eventuelt hermed følgende kontrol fra staten - og religionsfrihed, vurderer filosofilektor Sune Lægaard...

  19. Musik og folkesundhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole; Ekholm, Ola

    2015-01-01

    Præsentation af undersøgelsen "Musik og folkesundhed", som er blevet til i et samarbejde mellem Musikterapi AAU og Statens Institut for Folkesundhed......Præsentation af undersøgelsen "Musik og folkesundhed", som er blevet til i et samarbejde mellem Musikterapi AAU og Statens Institut for Folkesundhed...

  20. Student Day in Iran

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elling, Rasmus Christian

    2008-01-01

    Om Studerendes Dag i Iran der blev markeret med demonstrationer og protester mod statens undertrykkelse af den pro-demokratiske studenterbevægelse i Iran. Udgivelsesdato: 6/12......Om Studerendes Dag i Iran der blev markeret med demonstrationer og protester mod statens undertrykkelse af den pro-demokratiske studenterbevægelse i Iran. Udgivelsesdato: 6/12...

  1. Transnational organisatorisk innovation i den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Balle

    - og rammestyring, Benchmarking, Balanced scorecard, Pay-for-performance, Lean og værdibaseret ledelse. Artiklens empiriske grundlag er surveys gennemført i kommunerne i efteråret 2008 og i staten i foråret 2009. Analysen indikerer en klar tendens til større udbredelse i kommunerne end i staten og...

  2. Transnational organisatorisk innovation i den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Balle

    2013-01-01

    , benchmarking, Balanced Scorecard, Pay-for-performance, Lean og værdibaseret ledelse. Artiklens empiriske grundlag er surveys gennemført i kommunerne i efteråret 2008 og i staten i foråret 2009. Analysen viser en klar tendens til større udbredelse i kommunerne end i staten for de fleste af de inkluderede...

  3. Putins russere eller russernes Putin?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederichsen, Kim

    2014-01-01

    Om forholdet mellem staten og borgeren i dagens Rusland, og hvilke forandringer der kan spores i tiden med Vladimir Putin og Dmitrij Medvedev som skiftevise præsidenter og premierministre.......Om forholdet mellem staten og borgeren i dagens Rusland, og hvilke forandringer der kan spores i tiden med Vladimir Putin og Dmitrij Medvedev som skiftevise præsidenter og premierministre....

  4. Identification and evaluation of surveillance data from the Norwegian Pollution Control Authority with respect to the deterioration of cultural monuments in air, soil and water; Identifisering og vurdering av Statens forurensningstilsyns overvaakingsdata sett i relasjon til nedbrytning av kulturminner i luft, jord og vann

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dahlin, Elin; Henriksen, Jan; Anda, Odd; Krigsvoll, Guri; Boerja, Isabella; Wright, RIchard

    1999-07-01

    The main aim of the project is to identify and evaluate to what extent ''National program for pollution monitoring'' contains data which are relevant for the evaluation of the risk of deterioration of cultural monuments in Norway when exposed to air or preserved in soil or water. Even if many measuring stations have collected data for over 20 years is this an immensely short period. Long distance transported pollutions are important primarily outside the urban areas. It would be particularly the archaeological artefacts that would be affected by water quality and acidity in the soil and the degradation rate is greater. The amount of monuments in the cities are larger. In the bases there are sufficient data for estimating the degradation rates for several materials and they contain data which may give information regarding the average load in the areas and that cannot be used for evaluating the degradation rate in the air in the micro environments of the monuments. With the present dose response equations it would mainly be the ozone measurements for the urban air that may contribute to improved predictions. As the equations use long term average values the costs for including this for such areas through using passive test sampling would be reasonable. There is a substantial national measuring network for forest soils which will be useful for predicting what areas have increased risk of deterioration. There are however, few time studies of the soil changes. There are few known dose response equations for soil and water. The location of the cultural monuments in soil and water is an additional problem which will complicate the transfer of general knowledge to artefacts which may be buried at various depths. For soil and water the polluted areas may be defined. Several models for air pollution exist. When the pollution maps are connected with the meteorological maps the CorrCost model may be applied for direct calculations of where the corrosion and deterioration dangers may be the greatest.

  5. B 150 civil engineering futures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    challenges will the next 150 years bring civil engineers? Researchers and lecturers at DTU’s Department of Civil Engineering (known as DTU Byg) suggested possible events, and we also consulted civil engineers and their business partners in the building industry. In this way, a programme was put together...... a previously passive insulation material is altered to play an active role in a building. The Design Master Class was for architects, civil engineers and students. It was led by Richard Horden, who is not only the head of a design department at Munich Technical University, but also works on design in his own...... to develop a technically advanced form of aesthetics. The Master Class in low energy buildings was led by civil engineer, Svend Svendsen, a Professor at DTU Byg. Together with colleagues and students, he has achieved an extensive knowledge of Integrated Design. In fact, the situation is that our knowledge...

  6. Selected Studies in International Migration and Immigrant Incorporation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2010-01-01

    Internationaal migratieonderzoek is sterk gefragmenteerd. Bovendien ligt de focus op de Verenigde Staten en andere landen die zich nadrukkelijk geprofileerd hebben als immigratielanden. Toch krijgt het onderzoeksveld van migratie- en etnische studies steeds meer aandacht in Europa en het aantal

  7. Brown Swiss in vergelijking met Braunvieh en enkele kruisingen (literatuuroverzicht) = Comparison of Brown Swiss with Braunvieh and some crossbreds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rooy, de J.

    1982-01-01

    De samengevatte literatuur betreft twee onderwerpen: vergelijkingen in de Verenigde Staten tussen de melkveerassen Brown Swiss en Braunvieh wat betreft melkgift en vruchtbaarheid en kruisingsproeven tussen deze rassen in Oostenrijk, Duitsland, Zwitserland en Denemarken

  8. Case note: HR (zaaknr. 08/03023, LJN BK9154: Azeta BV/Republiek Chili)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, T.M.

    2010-01-01

    Staatsimmuniteit van jurisdictie; Europese Overeenkomst inzake de immuniteit van Staten; internationaal gewoonterecht. Verzet; ontvankelijkheid; verzettermijn; daad van bekendheid?; art. 6 EVRM; eisen van een eerlijk proces en toegang tot de rechter; beroep op niet-ontvankelijkheid wegens

  9. Continuing Education Instrumentation Training in Clinical Chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeBlanc, Jacqueline; Frankel, Saundra

    1980-01-01

    Describes the continuing education program for clinical chemistry instrumentation training established at The College of Staten Island, New York. A course consisting of 14 sessions is outlined and discussed. (CS)

  10. Green Infrastructure 101 - slides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Background & problem statement for urban stormwater Regulatory authority for point dischargesBrief history of stormwater controlsSix case studies: Effect of soil compaction on infiltration Accotink stream restoration Fairfax, Virginia New York City Staten Island Bluebelt projec...

  11. Cryptosporidium en Giardia in Nederlandse zwembaden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schets FM; Engels GB; Leenen EJTM; MGB

    2003-01-01

    Zwembad gerelateerde explosies van cryptosporidiose zijn regelmatig gerapporteerd in Groot-Brittannie en de Verenigde Staten. De bron van de explosie kon soms achterhaald worden doordat Cryptosporidium oocysten in het zwembadwater of in het terugspoelwater van de zwembadfilters konden worden

  12. Bygningsreglementets tilgængelighedsbestemmelser set i forhold til byggeprocessen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frandsen, Anne Kathrine; Kirkeby, Inge Mette; Ryhl, Camilla

    Til trods for skærpelser i tilgængelighedsbestemmelserne i bygningsregle-mentet kan ofte konstateres mangler i tilgængeligheden for personer med handicap i nyopført byggeri. Handicaporganisationerne har tit indsnævret år-sagen til dette til at være svigt fra især rådgivernes og de kommunale byg...

  13. Measurement and modelling of a multifunctional solar plus heatpump system from Nilan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perers, Bengt; Andersen, Elsa; Furbo, Simon

    A multifunctional solar and heat pump unit from Nilan has been installed in the Performance Test Facility (PTF) at DTU Byg Denmark. It is part of the IEA Task 44 cooperation. Multifunctional means in this case: Hot water, Air heating, Ventilation, Air heat recovery, Air filtering and Floor heating...... the system has been in operation during all seasons and a full year model could be developed and validated. The model also includes new possibilities for solar collector loop and heat pump operation control....

  14. Advancement of Latent Trait Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-01

    parameter values such that ag = 1.00, by;,, = by; = 2.50, b y - Ibo , byg, = 0.50, 44 1.014 0.8 I.- 0.2~S . 06.--- -": --"’: :........ .,. 0.4 " "-" 0.2...special case of human face (ghost’s face), 28) household (e.g.; drawer cabinet), 29) implements (e.g.; hammer), 30) landscape, 31) music (e.g.; violin

  15. Arkitektur, energi og dagslys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Jens; Petersen, Erwin; Svensson, Ole

    Man kan udmærket opfylde kravene til gode dagslysforhold uden at gå på kompromis med ønsket om at skabe god arkitektur. Det fremgår af en undersøgelse af syv bygninger, som er foretaget af forskere fra By og Byg i samarbejde med fire dagslyseksperter. De syv bygninger er meget forskellige, men ge...

  16. Fundamentals of Fire Phenomena

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Quintiere, James

    discipline. It covers thermo chemistry including mixtures and chemical reactions; Introduces combustion to the fire protection student; Discusses premixed flames and spontaneous ignition; Presents conservation laws for control volumes, including the effects of fire; Describes the theoretical bases...... as a visiting professor at BYG.DTU financed by the Larsen and Nielsen Foundation, and is entered to the research database by Kristian Hertz responsible for the visiting professorship....

  17. Darwins aktualitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Peter C.

    2009-01-01

    - han får os til at diskutere os selv. Uddrag af PETER C. KJÆRGAARDs tale ved åbningen af Darwin-udstillingen på Statens Naturhistoriske Museum d. 4. februar. Udgivelsesdato: Marts......- han får os til at diskutere os selv. Uddrag af PETER C. KJÆRGAARDs tale ved åbningen af Darwin-udstillingen på Statens Naturhistoriske Museum d. 4. februar. Udgivelsesdato: Marts...

  18. Engineering the robustness of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by introducing bifunctional glutathione synthase gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Zhiqi; Deng, Zujun; Tan, Hongming; Zhou, Shining; Cao, Lixiang

    2015-04-01

    Robust, high-yielding Saccharomyces cerevisiae is highly desirable for cost-effective cellulosic ethanol production. In this study, the bifunctional glutathione (GSH) synthetase genes GCSGS at high copy number was integrated into ribosomal DNA of S. cerevisiae by Cre-LoxP system. Threefold higher GSH contents (54.9 μmol/g dry weight) accumulated in the engineered strain BY-G compared to the reference strain. Tolerance of BY-G to H2O2 (3 mM), temperature (40 °C), furfural (10 mM), hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF, 10 mM) and 0.5 mM Cd(2+) increased compared to reference strain. Twofold higher ethanol concentration was obtained by BY-G in simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of corn stover compared to the reference strain. The results showed that intracellular GSH content of S. cerevisiae has an influence on robustness. The strategy is used to engineer S. cerevisiae strains adaptive to a combination of tolerance to inhibitors and raised temperature that may occur in high solid simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of lignocellulosic feedstocks.

  19. Research News from Norway, Sweden, and Finland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven Skjenneberg

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available Norge: 1 Forskningsavd ved Reindriftsadministrasjonen. 2 Avd. for arktisk biologi, Univ. i Tromsø 3 Viltforskningen ved DN, Trondheim 4 Institutt for biologi og geologi, Univ. i Tromsø 5 Institutt for husdyrnæring, Norges landbrukshøgskole 6 Institutt for zoologi, Norges landbrukshøgskole 7 Stipendiat Norges landbruksvit. forskningsråd 8 Statens veterinære laboratorium i Nord-Norge Sverige: 1 Renförsöksavdelningen, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet 2 Statens veterinärmedicinska anstalt 3 Statens naturvårdsverk Finland: 1 Vilt- och fiskeriforskningsinstitutet, Renforskning 2 Kaamanen försöksstation, Renägareföreningen 3 Veterinärmedicinska högskolan 4 Helsingfors universitets husdjursvetenskapliga institut 5 Kuopios och Uleåborgs universiteter 6 Helsingfors universitets geologiska institut 7 Jyväskyläs universitet 8 Lantbrukets forskningscentral

  20. Social- og sundhedsprofessioner, videnskab, teknologier og nye udfordringer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kristian

    2015-01-01

    om informanternes deltagelse i konkrete praksissituationer, relationer med patienter og afvejning af videnskomponenter (fx om brug af evidens, manualer, institutionelle principper, patienter/pårørendes indspil samt egne professionelle erfaringer). Desuden blev der spurgt til relationer med andre...... logikker i et medicinsk og administrativt felt. ReferencerAbbott, A. (1988). The System of Professions. An essay on the Division of Expert Labor. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Arnholtz Hansen, J. og Hammerslev, O. (2010). Bourdieu og staten. Praktiske Grunde. Nordisk Tidsskrift for kultur og......, Cambridge.Bourdieu, P. (2010). Statens venstre hånd og statens højre hånd. Praktiske Grunde. Nordisk Tidsskrift for kultur og samfundsvidenskab, nr. 1-2, s. 113-120.Freidson, E. 2001. Professionalism – the third logic on the practice of knowledge. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Larsen, K. 2008...

  1. Managing facilities in a Scandinavian manner:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Engelmark, Jesper; Jørgensen, Bo

    2004-01-01

    Presents the aims and needs of research in facilities management (FM) at the section of Planning and Management of Building Processes at BYG*DTU. As the building stock in Denmark is rapidly increasing, socio-demographic developments implies profound changes in both the needs of inhabitants...... infrastructure within the mainstream FM field. There is an urgent need to address how society can best manage the growing (and decaying) building stock, to develop life-cycle rooted infrastructure and building design, and finally allow buildings to be appropriated by their current and future users....

  2. On the plastic behaviour of multi directional epoxy-bolted CFRP laminates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Aage; Poulsen, Ervin

    2004-01-01

    The second generation of CFRP laminate has recently been developed. It is a multi directional CFRP laminate, i.e. a laminate with carbon fibres having several directions other than the first generation. The paper describes the laboratory tests carried out in order to develop anchorage devices...... for such multi directional CFRP laminates which are epoxy-bonded and bolted or nailed to the concrete substrate for the purpose of strengthening against failure caused by bending. The tests were carried out at the Technical University of Denmark, IABM and Byg-DTU...

  3. Totaløkonomi - et spørgsmål om værdi og kvalitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugbølle, Kim; Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2004-01-01

    Interessen for totaløkonomi afhænger af, om bygherren er en Byg og Forsvind-bygherre, Udlejnings-bygherre eller Domiocil-bygherre. Især Domicil-bygherren og delvist Udlejnings-bygherren kan have glæde af totaløkonomiske værktøjer som støtte. De færreste værktøjer kan dog synliggøre værdi og kvali...

  4. ZeroWaste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goltermann, Per; Ottosen, Lisbeth M.; Jensen, Pernille Erland

    2014-01-01

    The ZeroWaste research group at the Department of Civil Engineering at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU Byg) was established two years ago and covers the broad range of expertise, required for turning waste materials into attractive, new materials. Members of the group have, prior to that......, developed methods for removal of heavy metals and phosphorous from waste incineration, sewage sludge and other bio ashes, providing the basis of to make these ash types an attractive, new material for the building sector. Initial results for upgrading and using different types of ashes are presented...

  5. Geometri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byg din egen boomerang, kast den, se den flyve, forstå hvorfor og hvordan den vender tilbage, og grib den. Det handler om opdriften på vingerne når du flyver, men det handler også og allermest om den mærkværdige gyroskop-effekt, du bruger til at holde balancen, når du kører på cykel. Vi vil bruge...... matematik, geometri, og fysik til at forstå, hvad det er, der foregår....

  6. Religion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2017-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Niels Reehs "Secularization Revisited. Teaching of Religion and the State of Denmark" med afsæt i de nutidige kampe om kristendom og islam og med fremhævelse af Reehs forståelse af staten/religionen som en 'survival unit'.......Anmeldelse af Niels Reehs "Secularization Revisited. Teaching of Religion and the State of Denmark" med afsæt i de nutidige kampe om kristendom og islam og med fremhævelse af Reehs forståelse af staten/religionen som en 'survival unit'....

  7. Non-invasive in situ Examination of Colour Changes of Blue Paints in Danish Golden Age Paintings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buti, David; Vila, Anna; Filtenborg, Troels Folke

    A non-invasive study of some paintings containing areas of paint with a Prussian blue component has been conducted at the Statens Museum for Kunst. The in situ campaign has been carried out with a range of different spectroscopic portable techniques, provided by the MOLAB transnational access wit...

  8. Inertiens havn 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel-Christiansen, Carsten

    2003-01-01

    Bidrag til Statens Kunstfonds web-galleri, som indeholder et katalog af angrebsvinkler, og ideer, strategier, drømme og poetiske udsagn om de danske havnefronter. Bidraget vedrører Kalundborg og har været fysisk udstillet jul-aug på Kalundborg Bibliotek...

  9. 'Culture matters': het belang van cultuur binnen defensiebeleid EU en VS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koopman, N.; Marácz, L.

    2013-01-01

    Als het gaat om snel en adequaat optreden in het geval van een oorlog, is duidelijk zichtbaar dat de Verenigde Staten (VS) hiertoe beter in staat zijn dan het Gemeenschappelijk Buitenlands- en Veiligheidsbeleid (GBVB) van de Europese Unie (EU). Dit heeft onder andere te maken met de bereidheid tot

  10. Hey Pachuco! "That Zoot Suit Can Cause a Riot."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giordano, Ralph G.

    Popular music and films can become vehicles in the study of racial prejudices and stereotypes and provide a framework for understanding the popular opinions of a particular era. At the College of Staten Island, City University of New York, a course incorporates popular music and videos into the study of historical accounts of the 20th century…

  11. Using CSL with Special Education and Reading Resource Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Barbara Carter

    1993-01-01

    Describes the experiences of an elementary school resource room teacher in Staten Island (New York) in using community service learning (CSL) with special education and reading resource students. Students planned and carried out a cupcake sale to benefit UNICEF. Parent participation was an important part of the process. (SLD)

  12. 'Repeal Obamacare, a wicked problem'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tanke, MAC; Zwart, Dorien|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/31441312X

    2017-01-01

    Een van de eerste decreten die Donald Trump na zijn inauguratie als president van de Verenigde Staten tekende, was een verordening om de financiering van ‘Obamacare’ te bemoeilijken met ‘alles wat binnen de wet mogelijk was’. Wat willen Trump en de Republikeinen met Obamacare en wat zou dit kunnen

  13. If we transform the landfill, will they come? Predicting visitation to Freshkills Park in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    David B. Klenosky; Stephanie A. Snyder; Christine A. Vogt; Lindsay K. Campbell

    2017-01-01

    Efforts are underway to transform the former Fresh Kills Landfill in Staten Island (SI), NY into Freshkills Park (FKP). Data from a mail survey of 1006 SI residents were used to examine the impact of factors that might facilitate or inhibit intentions to visit FKP once it opens to the public. Facilitators significantly impacting intentions included proximity, past...

  14. Online Videoer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Antologi om de nye formater i levende billeder, der overskrider den traditionelle broadcasting og skaber brugernes muligheder for at kommunikere uden de store medieagenturer eller statens indblanding. Denne kommunikation synes helt uden for kontrol, men undgår man den markedsdannelse, der direkte...

  15. I en højere sags tjeneste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langsted, Lars Bo; Jakobsen, Søren Sandfeld

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen behandler ud fra en retsdogmatisk metode nogle af de grundlæggende problemstillinger, regler, principper og hensynsafvejninger, der gælder, når staten eller private virksomheder vil gennemføre overvågning af borgerne og dermed gøre indgreb i retten til privatlivets fred. Særlig fokus er ...

  16. The past, present and future of lead white in Denmark’s national graphic art collections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borring, Niels; Buti, David; Vinther Hansen, Birgit

    2017-01-01

    A methodical examination of the graphic collections at the National Gallery of Denmark (SMK – Statens Museum for Kunst) and Danish Royal Library (RL) has shown that circa 900 objects from the SMK are affected by the darkening of white highlights, while up to 200 cases have been estimated to exist...

  17. Mediation en de vaststellingsovereenkomst: aantasting en afdwingbaarheid naar Nederlands en Amerikaans recht

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.S. van Muijden

    2007-01-01

    textabstractDit onderzoek wordt verricht naar aanleiding van de sterk toegenomen belangstelling voor mediation in Nederland. In navolging van de Verenigde Staten, waar de moderne mediationmethode haar wortels heeft, is mediation sinds het midden van de jaren negentig in Nederland in opmars. Vooral

  18. Zeetransport van snijbloemen: ”If we get this quality more, we will sell a lot” : werkpakket productkwaliteit : eindrapportage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Harkema, H.; Mensink, M.G.J.

    2005-01-01

    Het onderzoeksproject Zeetransport Snijbloemen had als doel een distributieconcept te ontwikkelen voor snijbloemen op basis van zeecontainertransport. Ter afbakening van het project lag de focus op de Verenigde Staten. Het vervoer naar de V.S. van snijbloemen tegen een lagere prijs (zeetransport in

  19. De bruikbaarheid van de ‘shaken baby syndroom’-hypothese in het strafproces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoving, R.A.

    In het Nederlandse strafproces wordt regelmatig gebruik gemaakt van deskundigenbewijs van deskundigen die uitgaan van de ‘shaken baby syndroom’-hypothese om aan te tonen dat een verdachte een baby heeft mishandeld of gedood. In onder meer de Verenigde Staten en Engeland woedt een felle discussie

  20. Planar Hall Sensor for Influenza Immunoassay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejsing, Louise Wellendorph

    2006-01-01

    følsomt kan detektere magnetiske nanokugler. Indledende biodetektionsforsøg rettet mod detektion af influenza-virus blev udført i samarbejde med Statens Serum-Institut. Det blev demonstreret, at sensorerne har et stort potentiale til biodetektion men også at den uspecifikke binding af magnetiske kugler...

  1. Lawfare

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voetelink, J.

    2013-01-01

    Recht en vooral internationaal recht speelt een steeds grotere rol in internationale militaire operaties. Vanuit de rechtsstaat-idee zijn staten en militairen gehouden te handelen op basis van en in overeenstemming met het recht. Tegelijkertijd kan recht een functie vervullen bij het bereiken van

  2. Monopoly Politikos: How Botswana 's Opposition Parties Have ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    colonial domination and build an independent state-nation, a major problem confronting its leaders was the ... rejection of traditional authority put the BPP on a collision course which would alienate them from the most ...... In Marxist theory the working class is the class historically assigned the ultimate revolutionary role of ...

  3. Nationalisering ad bagdøren?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    2009-01-01

    Et alternativ til lukning eller indirekte nationalisering er at etablere tidsbegrænsede investeringsfonde drevet på kommerciel basis af private, men med staten som medinvestor, således at privat kapital suppleres af offentlig, mens det private initiativ bevares...

  4. Dialogic & Critical Pedagogies: An Interview with Ira Shor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shor, Ira; Matusov, Eugene; Marjanovic-Shane, Ana; Cresswel, lJames

    2017-01-01

    In 2016, the Main Editors of "Dialogic Pedagogy Journal" issued a call for papers and contributions to a wide range of dialogic pedagogy scholars and practitioners. One of the scholars who responded to our call is famous American educator Ira Shor, a professor at the College of Staten Island, City University of New York. Shor has been…

  5. Asian longhorned beetle, over the river and through the woods: habitat-dependent population spread

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alan J. Sawyer; William S. Panagakos; Audra E. Horner; Kevin J. Freeman

    2011-01-01

    The Asian longhorned beetle (ALB), Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), is an introduced pest of hardwood trees in North America. This paper addresses population spread in open landscapes and wooded areas, with emphasis on recent findings from Staten Island, NY, and Worcester, MA.

  6. Die Restaurierung eines Meisterwerkes live erleben. Stereomikroskopie hilft Kunstschätze zu erhalten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wadum, Jørgen

    2008-01-01

    Wer hat nicht schon gemälde berühmter Meister bestaunt? Doch wie jahrhundertealte kunstschätze für zukünftige generation bewahrt werden können, wie experten heutzutage alte Maltechniken erforschen, bleibt kunstinteressierten meist verborgen. Besucher des Statens Museum for Kunst in Kopenhagen kön...

  7. 40 CFR 52.1670 - Identification of plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. Arthur Kill generating facility, units 2 and 3, Staten Island... limitation applicable to units 2 and 3 of Consolidated Edison of New York State, Inc.'s Arthur Kill... effective on January 4, 1989. (ii) Additional material. April 27, 1989, letter from Thomas Jorling, NYSDEC...

  8. East African Taarab as a contemporary mediator of the diversity an vitality of a musical tradition within Islamic Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Annemette

    2007-01-01

    Artiklen diskuterer hvordan musikkulturen, taarab, i Zanzibar gennem en snart ethundrede år lang periode har været i en fortsat forhandling mellem et religiøst og et sekulært meningsindhold. Gennem tiden efter østatens selvstændighed i 1963 og frem til begyndelsen af det 21. århundrede har disse ...

  9. Negotiating the Nation in History: the Swedish State Approval Scheme for Textbooks and Teaching Aids from 1945 to 1983

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmersjö, Henrik Åström

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the discussions concerning history textbooks that occurred within the Swedish State Approval Scheme for Textbooks (Statens läroboksnämnd) from 1945 to 1983. By focusing on the negotiation of nationhood and the process of textbook approval as an arena for the renegotiation of ways in which history was taught in schools, the…

  10. Gulf of Maine Seals - Populations, Problems and Priorities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    in the Gulf of Maine 9:15 9:30 Stephanie Wood U.S. Gray Seal (Halichoerus grypus) Recolonization: Status and Stock Structure 9:30 9:45 Diane Kopec...inferred from analysis of hard parts and fatty acids Kristen Ampela The Graduate Center/ CUNY College of Staten Island, Biology Department, 2800 Victory

  11. The SEEK Mentoring Program: An Application of the Goal-Setting Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorrentino, Diane M.

    2007-01-01

    This article describes a pilot academic mentoring program carried out over 1 semester in the SEEK Program at the College of Staten Island, CUNY. The program was utilized to provide a resource for students whose overall grade point average was below 2.5, placing them at risk for academic dismissal. A goal-setting approach was used to aid the…

  12. Online videoer - på sociale medieplatforme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Antologi om de nye formater i levende billeder, der overskrider den traditionelle broadcasting og skaber brugernes muligheder for at kommunikere uden de store medieagenturer eller statens indblanding. Denne kommunikation synes helt uden for kontrol, men undgår man den markedsdannelse, der direkte...

  13. Beeld en Verbeelding van Amerika (dl.2)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erven, E. van; Weerdenburg, J.; Burger, Hanneke; Haanskorf, M.; Pansters, W.G.; Roy van Zuydewijn, G. de; Tellingen, M. van; Vriezen, A.

    1992-01-01

    Hoewel Columbus nominaal in opdracht van het Spaanse koningspaar Ferdinand en Isabella zijn ontdekkingsreis naar het Westen ondernam, wordt hij ook wel degelijk door de Engelstaligen ten Noorden van de Rio Grande als de ontdekker van 'hun' Amerika beschouwd. In de meeste Staten van de V.S. wordt

  14. Information Literacy in the Study of American Politics: Using New Media to Teach Information Literacy in the Political Science Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cope, Jonathan; Flanagan, Richard

    2013-01-01

    Students have access to a vast amount of information about American politics through new media outlets (e.g., the Internet). We survey the perils and promise of this new landscape through a case study of a political science class at the College of Staten Island, City University of New York (CUNY), that examined congressional races in the 2010…

  15. Om tillid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Olaf Pepke

    2017-01-01

    Tillid mistes ved ufrihed, som i DDR-udgaven af socialismen, hvor samfundet var baseret på, at staten havde mistillid til borgerne, som derfor alle havde mistillid til hinanden. Tillid mistes også ved utryghed. I Los Angeles har kun 10 procent af indbyggerne tillid til personer, de ikke kender. I...

  16. De fysieke omgeving in relatie tot bewegen en voeding - Onderzoek in het kader van preventie van overgewicht

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wendel-Vos GCW; Blokstra A; Zwakhals SLN; Wijga AH; Tijhuis MAR; PZO; VTV

    2005-01-01

    Ondanks de hoge verwachtingen van de invloeden van fysieke omgeving op ons voedings- en beweegpatroon, zijn er relatief weinig studies die een dergelijke samenhang hebben onderzocht. Hierbij blijft het aantal Nederlandse studies duidelijk achter bij studies uit de Verenigde Staten en Australie. Om

  17. War in Parliament: What a Digital Approach Can Add to the Study of Parliamentary History

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Piersma, H.; Tames, I.; Buitinck, L.; van Doornik, J.; Marx, M.

    2014-01-01

    With the digitization of the parliamentary proceedings (Handelingen der Staten Generaal), the structuring of this body of data, and the development of an advanced search engine, we can apply new methods of historical research. This contributes to a further promotion of the sophisticated use of

  18. Rotorwash Operational Footprint Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    discussed on the quantitative numbers associated with this downwash in V-22 Case Study #2. V-22 Case Study #2— Clove Lakes Park Preserve, Staten...Island, NY - May 31, 2010 During Memorial Day “Fleet Week” demonstrations on May 31, 2010, a V-22 made a landing in the Clove Lakes Park Preserve

  19. Danish Regulation of Religion, State of Affairs and Qualitative Reflections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinding, Niels Valdemar; Christoffersen, Lisbet

    Der er tale om en gennemarbejdet analyse af 18 danske eliteinterviews om mulige konflikter i spørgsmål om religiøse normers betydning for familie, arbejdsmarked, religion i det offentlige rum og statens forhold til kirke og trossamfund. Ikke overraskende viser rapporten ikke alene en stigende bev...

  20. Propagating native Salicaceae for afforestation and restoration in New York City's five boroughs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronald S. Zalesny; Richard A. Hallett; Nancy Falxa-Raymond; Adam H. Wiese; Bruce A. Birr

    2014-01-01

    Identifying superior Salicaceae genotypes for afforestation and restoration activities in urban areas can greatly increase the provision of ecosystem services for long-term ecological sustainability. To address this opportunity, we collected native Populus L. (Salicaceae) and Salix L. (Salicaceae) scions from 3 sites on Staten...

  1. One-Party Dominance

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    colonial domination and build an independent state-nation, a major problem confronting its leaders was the issue of ... ordinary citizenry that this party and its leaders had a legitimate claim to be heirs to the colonially constructed ...... nal of Modern African Studies vol 33 no.3 pp381-402. Daniel, J., R. Southall, andM. Szeftel ...

  2. Rassenonderzoek blauwe bes : verslag van de rassenproef blauwe bes in Horst 1998-2002 (HO98.7.01)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Balkhoven-Baart, J.M.T.; Peppelman, G.

    2003-01-01

    Van 1998 t/m 2002 werd op de PPO locatie Horst-Meterik een rassenproef gedaan met 17 rassen van blauwe bes. Doel van de proef was nagaan wat de gebruikswaarde is van de neiuwe rassen voor de teelt in Nederland. De herkomst van de rassen was Nieuw-Zeeland, Australië en de Verenigde Staten. In de

  3. Hygiëne voorop in voorlichtingscampagne Aids en Werk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blijswijk, M. van

    1988-01-01

    De schrik heeft er hier, in tegenstelling tot bijvoorbeeld de Verenigde Staten, nooit echt in gezeten. We zijn nu eenmaal geen volk dat denkt 'Aids van de deurknop te krijgen', aldus Bart Eijrond, sinds kort hoofd van het Bureau van de Nationale Commissie Aids- Bestrijding.

  4. Dansk industris mobilitet efter 1960

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, U.

    Publikationen belyser ændringerne i industriens beliggenhed i tiden fra højkonjunkturen satte ind i begyndelsen af 60'erne og frem til slutningen af 70'erne og i enkelte tilfælde frem til i dag. Desuden diskuteres teorier og bestemmende faktorer herunder statens politik, samt nogle af de konsekve...

  5. Kai Adolf Jensen, professor i almindelig patologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høiby, Niels

    2016-01-01

    Kai Adolf Jensen (1894-1971) became responsible for diagnosis of tuberculosis at Statens Serum Institut. He developed an improved medium for cultivation of mycobacteria allowing discrimination between Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. bovis (Löwenstein-Jensen medium). He was also responsible...

  6. Balans van 25 jaar arbeids- en organisatiepsychologie : nieuwe thema's en methoden, maar praktische relevantie onder druk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smulders, P.; Schouteten, R.

    2009-01-01

    Op basis van reviewartikelen, trend- en inhoudsanalyses poogt dit artikel een overzicht te geven van 25 jaar A&O-psychologie. Daarbij gaat de aandacht uit naar zowel nationale als internationale ontwikkelingen. Geconcludeerd wordt dat er grote verschillen bestaan tussen de Verenigde Staten, het

  7. Republikken Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Böss, Michael

    Med udgangspunkt i aktuelle problemstillinger fra ind- og udland indleder forfatteren en debat om det danske samfunds værdier fra den politiske midte. Han diskuterer værdiernes betydning for samfundet, staten og os selv som medborgere og privatpersoner....

  8. Commander in chief : FDR's battle with Churchill, 1943

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hamilton, Charles Nigel

    2016-01-01

    Commander in Chief is een deelbiografie van president Franklin Delano Roosevelt waarin Roosevelts rol als opperbevelhebber van de gewapende strijdkrachten van de Verenigde Staten in de Tweede Wereldoorlog het hoofdthema is. Het boek concentreert zich op het jaar 1943: een jaar waaraan biografen van

  9. Modellering van de verwijdering van Cryptosporidium parvum,Giardia lamblia en enterovirussen in spaarbekkens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ratsak CH; MGB

    1996-01-01

    De protozoa Cryptosporidium en Giardia hebben de laatste decennia in de Verenigde Staten en in Groot-Brittannie een aanzienlijk aantal grote en kleine epidemieen van maag-darminfecties via drinkwater veroorzaakt. Wiskundige modellen kunnen worden gebruikt om de verwijdering van pathogene

  10. Zikavirusepidemien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kronborg, Gitte; Fomsgaard, Anders

    2016-01-01

    of the newborns. Imported cases of Zika virus infection to North America, Europe and Denmark have been described. The infection in itself is mild and self-limiting. The available diagnostic methods are under development, validation and evaluation. In Denmark, some promising diagnostics are available at Statens...

  11. Credit Cards on Campus: Academic Inquiry, Objective Empiricism, or Advocacy Research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manning, Robert D.; Kirshak, Ray

    2005-01-01

    Professors John M. Barron and Michael E. Staten's article in Vol. 34, No. 3 of this journal, "Usage of Credit Cards Received through College Student-Marketing Programs," purports to "provide benchmark measures of college student credit card usage." Based on empirical analyses of proprietary industry data, they conclude that "There is no…

  12. 75 FR 43965 - Texas Eastern Transmission, LP; Algonquin Gas Transmission, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ...--Thomas C. Brown School Auditorium, 80 Maple Parkway, Staten Island, New York 10303. August 4, 2010, 7 p.m... noise; Socioeconomics; and Public safety. We will also evaluate reasonable alternatives to the planned... traffic; Environmental Justice concerns; Effects on the local air quality and noise environment from...

  13. 78 FR 43063 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Arthur Kill, NY

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Arthur Kill, NY AGENCY: Coast Guard... District, has issued a temporary deviation from the regulations governing the operation of the Arthur Kill AK Railroad Bridge across Arthur Kill, mile 11.6, between Staten Island, New York and Elizabeth, New...

  14. Preeclampsia research in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klemmensen, Åse Kathrine

    2005-01-01

    Ph.d.-studiet er udført i samarbejde med Gynækologisk Obstetrisk Afdeling, H:S Hvidovre Hospital, og Afsnittet for Perinatal og Ernæringsepidemiologi, Afdelingen for Epidemiologisk Forskning, Statens Serum Institut. Arbejdet omfatter tre dele, en spørgeskemaundersøgelse vedrørende præeklampsi (PE...

  15. Anmerkungen zu Goethe : eine psychoanalytische Untersuchung über Goethe als Repräsentant deutscher Kultur

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaus, Rainer J.

    1994-01-01

    De oorspronkelijke aanleiding tot dit onderzoek was de invloedrijke psychoanalytische studie in twee delen van K.R. Eissler, Goethe: A Psychoanalytic Study 1775-1786, oorspronkelijk verschenen in de Verenigde Staten (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1963), in Duitse vertaling bij uitgeverij Stroemfeld/Roter

  16. B 150 civil engineering futures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    a huge investment in new production equipment and working processes for the craftsmen who use them. Completely new thinking is needed when an electrical impulse is used to improve the penetration of a chemical. The same applies when classical materials like concrete are given new properties or when...... a previously passive insulation material is altered to play an active role in a building. The Design Master Class was for architects, civil engineers and students. It was led by Richard Horden, who is not only the head of a design department at Munich Technical University, but also works on design in his own...... to develop a technically advanced form of aesthetics. The Master Class in low energy buildings was led by civil engineer, Svend Svendsen, a Professor at DTU Byg. Together with colleagues and students, he has achieved an extensive knowledge of Integrated Design. In fact, the situation is that our knowledge...

  17. Low-Power Wireless Sensor Network Infrastructures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Tranberg

    Advancements in wireless communication and electronics improving form factor and hardware capabilities has expanded the applicability of wireless sensor networks. Despite these advancements, devices are still limited in terms of energy which creates the need for duty-cycling and low-power protocols...... environments and communication primitives in wireless sensor network and traditional network development are closing. However, fundamental differences in wireless technology and energy constraints are still to be considered at the lower levels of the software stack. To fulfill energy requirements hardware......, and network management which enables construction of low-power wireless sensor network applications. More specifically, these services are designed with the extreme low-power scenarios of the SensoByg project in mind and are implemented as follows. First, low-power communication is implemented with Auto...

  18. Danish Sector Guide for Calculation of the Actual Energy Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Lone Hedegaard

    2016-01-01

    , the innovation network for sustainable construction, InnoBYG started work on a Danish sector guide for the calculation of actual energy consumption in relation to upgrading of buildings. The focus was to make a common guide for energy calculations that can be used by consultants performing calculations...... consumption compared with the estimated energy demand by calculation. The paper concludes that the result of an energy calculation should not be given as a single figure but rather as a spread between the best and worst case for the assumed conditions. Finally, a brief update on current actions is given...... related to the sector guide for calculation of actual energy consumption. Keywords – Energy calculations, actual energy consumption, energy perfomance...

  19. B 150 civil engineering futures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foreword B150 –Civil Engineering Futures consists of interviews made, articles written, and projects presented in connection with the 150th anniversary celebrations of the study of civil engineering in Denmark. Instead of a historical retrospect, it was decided to look into the future. What...... challenges will the next 150 years bring civil engineers? Researchers and lecturers at DTU’s Department of Civil Engineering (known as DTU Byg) suggested possible events, and we also consulted civil engineers and their business partners in the building industry. In this way, a programme was put together...... theme in twentieth century architecture. Together, civil engineer Peter Rice and architect Ian Ritchie created a paradigm shift with their revolutionary ideas for glass facades supported by cables. Glued and bolted constructions made entirely of glass are now a reality in small-scale projects, yet...

  20. Construction informatics - Issues in engineering, computer science and ontology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eir, Asger

    2004-01-01

    This Ph.D. thesis studies issues in the area of construction informatics. Construction informatics is the theoretical study of formal and conceptual aspects in the domain of civil engineering and design. The thesis is a collection of papers which each treat a specific subject within domain analysis...... and conceptual modelling of civil engineering and design. Due to the interdisciplinary content, the first half of the study has been carried out at Department of Civil Engineering (BYG"DTU), The Technical University of Denmark; whereas the second half has been carried out at Informatics and Mathematical....... The issues of the thesis are treated from three angles: from computer science, from civil engineering and design theory, and from philosophy. It is characteristic for the thesis that these angles are all present in analysis and argumentation. The philosophical aspect is a natural ingredient as construction...

  1. Cellulose loose-fill insulation material. Thermal transmittance determined by means of heat flow meters; Papirisolering. Varmeisoleringsevne maalt med varmestroemsmaaler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nicolajsen, Asta

    2001-07-01

    Determination of design values of thermal conductivity, {lambda}{sub p}, for insulation materials is based on the laboratory measured {lambda}-value ((lampbda){sub 10}) of dry materials and experience gained over many years. Only limited documentation regarding cellulose loose-fill insulation is available, as this type of insulation has only been used in Denmark for comparatively few years. By og Byg has received a grant to investigate the insulating properties of cellulose insulation materials in a number of facade elements, including the dependency of insulating properties on the moisture content. The insulating properties also depends on other parameters, e.g. workmanship in connection with the actual insulation and any subsequent settling of the insulation material. These aspects has not been investigated in this project. (au)

  2. B 150 civil engineering futures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    challenges will the next 150 years bring civil engineers? Researchers and lecturers at DTU’s Department of Civil Engineering (known as DTU Byg) suggested possible events, and we also consulted civil engineers and their business partners in the building industry. In this way, a programme was put together......, has helped create a new standard for sustainable building. One day of the master class was devoted to lectures by civil engineers and architects from Denmark and abroad who talked about their own experience with Integrated Design. The anniversary event was rounded off with another important topic...... Anniversary Conference on 16 November offered a number of seminars organised by the professional associations and lectures by civil engineers Stephen Selkowich and Cecil Balmond. In collaboration with the architect Renzo Piano, Stephen Selkowich has developed and tested low-energy façade systems; and Cecil...

  3. Watercress and amphipods Potential chemical defense in a spring stream macrophyte.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, R M; Kerfoot, W C; Hanscom, Z

    1990-01-01

    We investigated the potential role of defensive chemicals in the avoidance of watercress (Nasturtium officinale) by the cooccurring amphipod,Gammarus pseudolimnaeus at two spring brooks: Carp Creek, Michigan and Squabble Brook, Connecticut. We conducted observations and laboratory experiments on the consumption of watercress, the toxicity of damaged (frozen) watercress, and the toxicity of damage-released secondary chemicals. Field-collected yellowed watercress typically lacked the bite and odor characteristic of green watercress and was consumed byG. pseudolimnaeus. G. pseudolimnaeus strongly preferred yellowed watercress to green watercress despite the higher nitrogen content of the latter (2.7 vs 5.4%), and usually consumed five times more yellowed watercress (>50% of yellowed leaf area vs. officinale and may contribute to defense from herbivory by aquatic crustaceans. This system may be just one of many examples of the use of defensive chemicals by stream and lake macrophytes.

  4. Complexity and learning in timber frame housing:the case of a solid wood pilot project

    OpenAIRE

    Sardén, Ylva

    2005-01-01

    Startpunkten för ökad användning av trä i flervåningshus var en lagändring år 1994 som öppnade upp för byggnation av flervåningshus i trä. Trots detta har inte utvecklingen mot ökat byggande av denna typ av hus utvecklats så positivt som många aktörer hade hoppats och förväntat sig. För att utnyttja marknadspotentialen och öka effektiviteten i byggandet i trä, krävs en ökad teoretisk och praktisk förståelse för affärs- och processutveckling, som knyter samman den rena teknikutvecklingen i byg...

  5. Centrifuge modelling of large diameter pile in sand subject to lateral loading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Caspar Thrane

    regulations are developed for long flexible piles with diameters up to approximately 2.0 m and are based on a very limited number of tests. Hence, the method has not been validated for rigid piles with diameters of 4 to 6 m. The primary issues concerning the validity of the standard p-y curves for large...... diameter rigid piles are:  The initial stiffness of the curves and description of the static behaviour, including ultimate bearing capacity.  The behaviour with respect to cyclic loading both stiffness degradation and ultimate bearing capacity. The aim of the present research is to investigate the static...... and cyclic behaviour of large diameter rigid piles in dry sand by use of physical modelling. The physical modelling has been carried out at Department of Civil Engineering at the Danish Technical University (DTU.BYG), in the period from 2005 to 2009. The main centrifuge facilities, and especially...

  6. A Study of E+A Galaxies Through SDSS-MaNGA Integral Field Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wally, Muhammad; Weaver, Olivia A.; Anderson, Miguel Ricardo; Liu, Allen; Falcone, Julia; Wallack, Nicole Lisa; James, Olivia; Liu, Charles

    2017-01-01

    We outline the selection process and analysis of sixteen E+A galaxies observed by the Mapping Nearby Galaxies at the Apache Point Observatory (MaNGA) survey as a part of the fourth generation of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-IV). We present their Integral field spectroscopy and analyze their spatial distribution of stellar ages, metallicities and other stellar population properties. We can potentially study the variation in these properties as a function of redshift. This work was supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation via the SDSS-IV Faculty and Student Team (FAST) initiative, ARC Agreement #SSP483 to the CUNY College of Staten Island. This work was also supported by grants to The American Museum of Natural History, and the CUNY College of Staten Island through The National Science Foundation.

  7. West Nile virus infection and diplopia: a case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dahal U

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Udip Dahal,1 Neville Mobarakai,1 Dikshya Sharma,2 Bandana Pathak11Department of Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, New York, NY, USA; 2Department of Medicine, Nepalgunj Medical College, Banke, NepalAbstract: West Nile virus is a neurotropic virus transmitted to humans via an infected mosquito bite. The increase in the incidences and fatalities of West Nile virus disease has made West Nile virus an important pathogen. Here we describe a case of a 65-year-old man with fever and diplopia presenting to the emergency department during a fall season and who was later diagnosed with West Nile virus infection. Diplopia is an uncommon manifestation of West Nile virus and recognition of the different modes of presentation, especially the uncommon ones like diplopia, will aid in the diagnosis of this emerging infectious disease.Keywords: West Nile virus, diplopia, ocular manifestations, infectious disease, Flaviviridae

  8. Lad os sammen sænke Tyra

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Stefan Gaarsmand

    2016-01-01

    Hvis videnskaben tæller i Danmark, bør staten på ingen måde bidrage til fortsat udvinding af olie og gas. Regeringen må droppe sine skjulte forhandlinger med lobby, og vi må tage en bred debat om, hvordan vi får mest ud af et # Tyrexit.......Hvis videnskaben tæller i Danmark, bør staten på ingen måde bidrage til fortsat udvinding af olie og gas. Regeringen må droppe sine skjulte forhandlinger med lobby, og vi må tage en bred debat om, hvordan vi får mest ud af et # Tyrexit....

  9. A globalização alternativa como estratégia de desenvolvimento do Estado-Nação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Paula Zeifert Bagetti

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to reflect about economical political and social problems,imposed for the New World-wide Order to the State-nation according the hegemonicglobalization, that uses medias (or information to impose its logic and to disconcert thecitizens, increasing so the social exclusion and marginality. In the search of alternatives torevert this social picture is that the notion of against-hegemonic globalization is born,characterized for iniciatives in place-global level as form to resist the pressure exerted fortransnational capital, promoting, thus, the development of the societies and the inclusion ofits citizens. For this reason, citizen iniciatives, derived from the Third Sector, emerge assupport to the construction of a new State-nation.

  10. Multiple sclerosis after infectious mononucleosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Trine Rasmussen; Rostgaard, Klaus; Nielsen, Nete Munk

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Infectious mononucleosis caused by the Epstein-Barr virus has been associated with increased risk of multiple sclerosis. However, little is known about the characteristics of this association. OBJECTIVE: To assess the significance of sex, age at and time since infectious mononucleosis......, and attained age to the risk of developing multiple sclerosis after infectious mononucleosis. DESIGN: Cohort study using persons tested serologically for infectious mononucleosis at Statens Serum Institut, the Danish Civil Registration System, the Danish National Hospital Discharge Register, and the Danish...... Multiple Sclerosis Registry. SETTING: Statens Serum Institut. PATIENTS: A cohort of 25 234 Danish patients with mononucleosis was followed up for the occurrence of multiple sclerosis beginning on April 1, 1968, or January 1 of the year after the diagnosis of mononucleosis or after a negative Paul...

  11. Situasjonsbestemt ledelse av studentgrupper i friluftsliv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odd Lennart Vikene

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Artikkelen gir et praktisk eksempel på hvordan ulike studentgrupper i forbindelse med bygging av nødbivuakk i vinterfjellet opplevde min situasjonsbestemte ledelse som veileder. Teorigrunnlaget viser til situasjonsbestemte ledelsesmodeller og hva som kjennetegner god veiledning i friluftsliv. Datainnsamlingen bygger på kvantitative data fra et spørreskjema og benyttes til å analysere studentenes opplevelse av veileders ledelse ut i fra rangeringsmetoden Visuell Analog Skala (VAS. Fra samme spørreskjema var det også et åpent spørsmål som benyttes til refleksjon over studentenes opplevelse av sikkerhet i undervisningssituasjonen. Resultatene viser at studentgruppene opplevde klare ledelsesforskjeller gjennom de ulike fasene som ledelsen ble delt opp i, men at ledelsesatferden varierte lite i forhold til gruppenes erfaringsgrunnlag. Resultatene tyder på at jeg som veileder i stor grad har blitt påvirket av mine tidligere erfaringer og den potensielle risikoen som ligger ved aktiviteten. Selv om den situasjonsbestemte ledelsen varierte lite mellom de tre gruppene, viser resultatenes store standardavvik at de ulike smågruppene opplevde at ledelsen varierte. Dette tyder på at jeg som veileder til en viss grad har evnet å benytte situasjonsbestemt ledelse i praksis. På grunn av studentgruppenes relativt like oppfatning av ledelsen i de ulike fasene, viser resultatene også noe av vanskelighetene veileder har i forhold til å gjøre en korrekt vurdering av gruppens evner og erfaring i relasjon til læringssituasjonene som oppstår. Sentralt for ledelsen er likevel at studentgruppene opplevde ledelsen som betryggende, noe som gir studentene et godt grunnlag for senere opplevelser i tilknytning til vinterfriluftsliv og bygging av nødbivuakk.

  12. Comparison of the Current World Trade Center Medical Monitoring and Treatment Program and the World Trade Center Health Program Proposed by Title I of H.R. 847

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-02

    psychiatric disorders, such as marital problems, parenting problems etc.).a Musculoskeletal disorders (1) Low back pain; (2) Carpal Tunnel Syndrome ...Trans-Hudson (PATH) transit tunnel , at the Staten Island landfill, on the barge loading piers, or at the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME...worker who performed similar functions, between September 11, 2001, and July 31, 2002; • was a worker in the PATH transit tunnel for at least 24 hours

  13. Konservatorer med ph.d

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup Andersen, Cecil

    2013-01-01

    Denne afhandling undersøger dubleringshistorien for samlingen af danske guldaldermalerier på lærred på Statens Museum for Kunst (SMK) og søger at forstå fugtfølsomheden i malerierne før og navnlig efter dublering. Dette gøres ved hjælp af kemiske analyser såvel som trækstyrketests af prøver fra o...

  14. Den fortsatte reformation: Hvad med luthersk politik?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Svend

    2017-01-01

    Luthers grundlæggende tanke om, at den politiske orden - i dag staten - er til for at gavne mennesker forsøges omformuleret til vore dages realiteter. Et luthersk udgangspunkt lægger ikke en bestemt politisk opfattelse fast. Men for en luthersk kristen er næstekærligheden en motivation for politi...... virke. Den kristne behøver imidlertid ikke offentligt at argumentere politisk med sin kristne tro....

  15. Serious Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jens

    Serious Games er et nyt it-forretningsområde, der siden årtusindskiftet er vokset frem, først i USA og dernæst i Vesteuropa og and i-lande. Til forskel fra computerspil er serious games ikke underholdning, men tænkt som et værktøj til støtte for statens og erhvervslivets forskellige funktioner. D...

  16. Lawfare

    OpenAIRE

    Voetelink, J.

    2013-01-01

    Recht en vooral internationaal recht speelt een steeds grotere rol in internationale militaire operaties. Vanuit de rechtsstaat-idee zijn staten en militairen gehouden te handelen op basis van en in overeenstemming met het recht. Tegelijkertijd kan recht een functie vervullen bij het bereiken van het militaire doel. In deze zin is de term ‘lawfare’ in opkomst. Dit artikel biedt een inleiding op dit begrip en laat zien dat de uitleg en toepassing ervan nogal verschilt.

  17. Seeing Beyond the Painting Surface with Terahertz Time-Domain Imaging (THz-TDI): a signal separation method for extracting images of buried individual layers in paintings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filtenborg, Troels Folke; Skou-Hansen, Jakob; Koch Dandolo, Corinna Ludovica

    2015-01-01

    In this study, the 18C easel painting The Dying Messalina and her Mother, by Nicolai Abildgaard (Statens Museum for Kunst collection, Copenhagen, Denmark), has been investigated by Terahertz Time-Domain Imaging (THz-TDI) in reflection set-up. Despite the validity of traditional deconvolution...... of the acquired THz image. Interfaces between layers of the painting have been successfully imaged, contributing substantially to the understanding of the structure of the painting....

  18. Relationship between platelet count and hemodialysis membranes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasr R

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Rabih Nasr,1 Chadi Saifan,1 Iskandar Barakat,2 Yorg Al Azzi,2 Ali Naboush,2 Marc Saad,2 Suzanne El Sayegh1 1Department of Nephrology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA; 2Department of Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA Background: One factor associated with poor outcomes in hemodialysis patients is exposure to a foreign membrane. Older membranes are very bioincompatible and increase complement activation, cause leukocytosis by activating circulating factors, which sequesters leukocytes in the lungs, and activates platelets. Recently, newer membranes have been developed that were designed to be more biocompatible. We tested if the different “optiflux” hemodialysis membranes had different effects on platelet levels. Methods: Ninety-nine maintenance hemodialysis patients with no known systemic or hematologic diseases affecting their platelets had blood drawn immediately prior to, 90 minutes into, and immediately following their first hemodialysis session of the week. All patients were dialyzed using a Fresenius Medical Care Optiflux polysulfone membrane F160, F180, or F200 (polysulfone synthetic dialyzer membranes, 1.6 m2, 1.8 m2, and 2.0 m2 surface area, respectively, electron beam sterilized. Platelet counts were measured from each sample by analysis using a CBC analyzer. Results: The average age of the patients was 62.7 years; 36 were female and 63 were male. The mean platelet count pre, mid, and post dialysis was 193 (standard deviation ±74.86, 191 (standard deviation ±74.67, and 197 (standard deviation ±79.34 thousand/mm3, respectively, with no statistical differences. Conclusion: Newer membranes have no significant effect on platelet count. This suggests that they are, in fact, more biocompatible than their predecessors and may explain their association with increased survival. Keywords: platelet count, polysulfone membranes, complement activation, electron beam sterilized

  19. Novel Mycoplasma hyosynoviae vaccination of one herd failed to prevent lameness in finishing pigs

    OpenAIRE

    Lauritsen, Klara Tølbøll; Nielsen, Elisabeth Okholm; Christensen, Dennis; Jungersen, Gregers

    2013-01-01

    Infection with Mycoplasma hyosynoviae (M. hyosynoviae) is a known cause of arthritis and lameness in finishing pigs. Although antibiotic therapy will cure many cases, other ways of preventing M. hyosynoviae arthritis are warranted. The National Veterinary Institute has recently developed a M. hyosynoviae vaccine formulated with formalin-fixed whole-cell M. hyosynoviae and CAF01 (Statens Serum Institut, Denmark) as an adjuvant. This vaccine has recently shown promising results in experimentall...

  20. Byfornyelse, beskæftigelse og sociale initiativer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Storgaard, Kresten; Jensen, Lisbeth Engelbrecht

    I Søndervangskvarteret i Århus har man i perioden 2001 til 2005 gennemført et projekt med helhedsorienteret byfornyelse med støtte fra Staten og Århus Kommune. Projektet er ganske særligt, fordi en stor del af indsatsen har rettet sig mod sociale tiltag, særlig beskæftigelse, frem for alene mod f...

  1. Thorupstrand Kystfiskerlaug og Han herred Havbåde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højrup, Thomas

    2009-01-01

       Den 26. oktober vil for eftertiden blive en skelsættende dato i dansk fiskeri. Indtil da var dansk fiskeri baseret på en af staten beskyttet fri fangstret - og havde været det i størstedelen af det andet årtusinde e.kr. Denne nat blev det besluttet for fremtiden at basere fiskeriet på privat...

  2. Haw

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højrup, Thomas

    2008-01-01

       Den 26. oktober vil for eftertiden blive en skelsættende dato i dansk fiskeri. Indtil da var dansk fiskeri baseret på en af staten beskyttet fri fangstret - og havde været det i størstedelen af det andet årtusinde e.kr. Denne nat blev det besluttet for fremtiden at basere fiskeriet på privat...

  3. Anmerkungen zu Goethe: eine psychoanalytische Untersuchung über Goethe als Repräsentant deutscher Kultur

    OpenAIRE

    Kaus, Rainer J.

    1994-01-01

    De oorspronkelijke aanleiding tot dit onderzoek was de invloedrijke psychoanalytische studie in twee delen van K.R. Eissler, Goethe: A Psychoanalytic Study 1775-1786, oorspronkelijk verschenen in de Verenigde Staten (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1963), in Duitse vertaling bij uitgeverij Stroemfeld/Roter Stern (Basel 1983/5) en recentelijk in een pocketboek-uitgave bij uitgeverij dtv (München 1987). Eisslers voornaamste stelling in diens biografische studie van een periode uit Goethes leven, dat G...

  4. Misty – museets nye dinosaur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindow, Bent Erik Kramer

    2014-01-01

    I november 2013 fi k Statens Naturhistoriske Museum en 16 meter lang julegave – det meget velbevarede skelet af en langhalset dinosaur med kælenavnet ’Misty’. Købet af det enorme skelet var muligt takket være en meget generøs gave fra Det Obelske Familiefond. Denne artikel ser nærmere på Misty......, hvad man ved om langhalsede dinosaurer, og hendes fremtidige betydning for museets forskning og formidling....

  5. Entrepreneurship in the Netherlands: Opportunities and threats to nascent entrepreneurship

    OpenAIRE

    Jacqueline Snijders

    2000-01-01

    Derde editie van ‘Entrepreneurship in the Netherlands’. In drie bijdragen wordt ingegaan op de fase voor de start van een nieuw bedrijf. De rol van prestarters in de Nederlandse economie wordt beschreven. Het stimuleringsbeleid ten aanzien van prestarters komt aan de orde, met bijzondere aandacht voor de stimulering van ondernemerschap in het onderwijs. Tot slot wordt een vergelijking gemaakt tussen de ontwikkeling van prestarters in de Verenigde Staten en die in Nederland. De verschillen tus...

  6. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI): Using Electronic Commerce to Enhance Defense Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    AD-A238 559 Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Using Electronic Commerce to Enhance Defense Logistics Judith E. Payne, Robert H. Anderson N STATEN= A... electronic commerce to enhance defense logistics / Judith L. Payne and Robert H, Anderson. "Prepared for the Assistant Sccretary of Defense (Production and...by RAND 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138 | ,! R-4030-P&L Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Using Electronic Commerce to

  7. El Sistema inspirerede projekter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Finn; Chemi, Tatiana

    Rapporten er resultat af pilotprojektet ”Forundersøgelse El Sistema DK” gennemført af Ph.D. Finn Holst (DPU, Aarhus Universitet) og Ph.D. Tatiana Chemi (Aalborg Universitet) i 2015. I rapporten indgår desuden bidrag fra Sofie Holm, Sara Fink Søndergaard og Stine Møgelbjerg Johansen. Pilotprojektet...... er gennemført for DMKLs El Sistema-udvalg med støtte fra Statens Kunstfond, Projektstøtteudvalget for Musik....

  8. High-Speed, Low-Level Flight: Aircrew Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-03-01

    comment on the circumstances that set the framing for the Portuguese Armed Forces. Portugal, the oldest state-nation of Europe, is going nowadays through...nations" The times we are living in are, therefore, times ot crisis political, economical and of national identity In this national frame , of course, live... stil nloxiste pas do groups d’alerts (20). En vol, un dispo- sitif permettant l’inufflattion d’air dane 1evAtement oat niceosaire mals coci suppose ls

  9. Cloud Immunization and Security for e-Governance Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Rama Krushna Das; Manas Ranjan Patra; Ajita Kumar Misro

    2013-01-01

    Different e-Governance applications in India are using Cloud for making the services scalable, stretchable and cost effective. Starting from the IT centres being setup at  Panchayat level to the State/National data centres use the Cloud to create a common infrastructure that would be accessible by all. The focus is to enable sharing of resources, ensure security and take technology to the smaller towns and villages. But the major concern is to ensure security. This paper proposes a security s...

  10. Opportunities for offshore wind energy at the East Coast [of North America]; Offshore wind kansen aan de oostkust [van Noord-Amerika

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van der Meij-Kranendonk, J. [TWA Netwerk, Washington (United States)

    2012-01-15

    This report of the 5th North American Offshore Wind Executive Forum of 23 January 2012 offers an overview of the state of affairs with regard to offshore wind energy in the states of Maryland, Maine New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina and the Great Lakes [Dutch] Dit verslag van het 5th North American Offshore Wind Executive Forum op 23 januari 2012 geeft een overzicht van de situatie op het gebied van offshore windenergie in de staten Maryland, Maine, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina en de Great Lakes.

  11. Zikavirusepidemien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kronborg, Gitte; Fomsgaard, Anders

    2016-01-01

    Zika virus is endemic in several parts of the world. February 1, 2016 Zika virus was declared a public health emergency by the WHO. This declaration is mainly due to a convincing association between Zika virus infection during pregnancy and birth defects, like microcephaly, among some...... of the newborns. Imported cases of Zika virus infection to North America, Europe and Denmark have been described. The infection in itself is mild and self-limiting. The available diagnostic methods are under development, validation and evaluation. In Denmark, some promising diagnostics are available at Statens...

  12. 3D-visualisering i arkitektkonkurrencer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, N.H.

    Statens Forsknings- og Uddannelsesbygninger har på forskellige nybyggerier eksperimenteret med anvendelse af 3D-visualisering i tilknytning til bedømmelsen af arkitektkonkurrencer. Interview af dommerkomitéen på konkurrencerne på Muskikkens Hus i Nordjylland og nye bygninger til Roskilde...... Universitetscenter har givet input til forslag om den fremtidige udvikling. Forslagene retter sig både mod arkitekternes kompetence og udvalgte forretningsstrategier og mod den professionelle bygherres fremtidige krav til 3D-visualisering i arkitektkonkurrencer. Et indbudt seminar om rapportens anbefalinger samler...

  13. Health literacy genom arbetsintegrerat lärande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Crondahl, Kristine

    2014-01-01

    Statens offentliga utredningar har föreslagit en strategi där målet var att stänga välfärdsgapet mellan romer och andra grupper. Detta påstås dock att skulle ta minst en generation, eller 20 år och är en satsning på landsbasis. I detta kapitel beskrivs ett projekt med samma målsättning, fastän på...... romers health literacy vilket fungerade som en katalysator för empowerment....

  14. Borgeren er tilskuer og bruger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyssen, Ole

    2013-01-01

    Siden den politiske elite blev afhængig af borgernes stemmer, har det været en fast bestanddel i enhver valgkamp, at politikere giver løfter om et bedre liv - bedre arbejde og mere velfærd. Resultatet er en kravsinflation, hvor den ene part lover, og den anden part kræver mere velfærd. Nøk for nø...... og uden en samlet plan er velfærden og staten blevet slået af elefantiasis....

  15. Novel Mycoplasma hyosynoviae vaccination of one herd failed to prevent lameness in finishing pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritsen, Klara Tølbøll; Nielsen, Elisabeth Okholm; Christensen, Dennis

    . hyosynoviae vaccine formulated with formalin-fixed whole-cell M. hyosynoviae and CAF01 (Statens Serum Institut, Denmark) as an adjuvant. This vaccine has recently shown promising results in experimentally infected pigs with development of both humoral and cell-mediated immune responses. The objective...... with the novel M. hyosynoviae vaccine, and the other half were placebo injected (adjuvant + buffered saline). Two ml doses of both were injected intramuscularly in the neck. Vaccinated pigs and placebo pigs were mixed in the pens. There were no cases of lameness until the pigs were moved to the finishing unit...

  16. Nicolai Abildgaards tegningssamling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svenningsen, Jesper; Fischer, Chris

    2014-01-01

    in recent years. His activities as an art collector, however, have remained unstudied. Archival research has allowed us to identify a number of drawings and paintings from the Abildgaard collection in the Statens Museum for Kunst and elsewhere, which shed new light on his artistic ideals, his working......This article is concerned with the reconstruction of the private art collection formed by the Danish neoclassical painter Nicolai Abraham Abildgaard (1743-1809). Being a highly intellectual and somewhat idiosyncratic artist, Abildgaard’s artistic and literary pursuits have attracted much attention...

  17. Typing of vancomycin-resistant enterococci from Danish hospitals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lester, Camilla H.; Olsen, Stefan S.; Schønheyder, Henrik Carl

    2009-01-01

    complex 17 (CC17) has been associated with nosocomial outbreaks in five continents. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the molecular epidemiology of VRE in Denmark. Methods: From January 2005 through October 2008, 61 vancomycin resistant enterococcal isolates causing invasive as well as non......-invasive infections were referred by seven of the 15 Danish departments of clinical microbiology to Statens Serum Institut. All isolates were identified to species level by PCR, MICs of vancomycin were determined (Trek Diagnostic Systems, UK), and the presence of vanA, vanB and vanC genes were detected by PCR. Multi...

  18. En enkel overvåkningsundersøkelse av Hillestadvannet i 1994

    OpenAIRE

    Berge, D.; Fjeld, E.

    1995-01-01

    Overvåkingen i 1994 viser at Hillestadvannet er meget næringsrikt (høyeutrof). Midlere konsentrasjon av totalfosfor var 63 µg P/l, total nitrogen 1423 µg N/l, Klorofyll-a 48 µg/l og siktedypet var 0.6 m. I henhold til vannkvalitetskriteriene til Statens forurensningstilsyn plasseres Hillestadvannet i høyeste forurensningsklasse. Vannkvaliteten klassifiseres som meget dårlig (klasse 5). Forholdene i 1994 var noe dårligere enn i 1993, men bedre enn i 1991 og 1992. Bedringen kan ses i sammenheng...

  19. Kai Adolf Jensen, professor i almindelig patologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høiby, Niels

    2016-01-01

    Kai Adolf Jensen (1894-1971) became responsible for diagnosis of tuberculosis at Statens Serum Institut. He developed an improved medium for cultivation of mycobacteria allowing discrimination between Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. bovis (Löwenstein-Jensen medium). He was also responsible....... In 1941, during the German occupation of Denmark in 1940-1945, he isolated a penicillin-producing Penicillium mold, which Leo Pharmaceutical Company used in the production of penicillin, and consequently Danish patients could be treated during the war. Soon thereafter, Danish penicillin was exported...

  20. Ny Mycoplasma Hyosynoviae vaccine forebygger ikke halthed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Elisabeth Okholm; Lauritsen, Klara Tølbøll; Jungersen, Gregers

    Vaccination af smågrise mod Mykoplasma-ledbetændelser viste sig ikke at kunne forebyggede halthed hos slagtesvin. Smitte med Mycoplasma hyosynoviae (M. hyosynoviae) er ofte årsag til ledbetændelse hos slagtesvin. Der er ingen kommerciel vaccine til grise, der beskytter mod mykoplasma......-ledbetændelse. I et forskningsprojekt har forskere på Danmarks Tekniske Universitet udviklet en vaccine mod M. hyosynoviae. Vaccinen indeholder et hjælpestof, der er udviklet af Statens Seruminstitut. Den nye vaccine er testet i en slagtesvinebesætning. I alt 399 smågrise blev vaccineret med enten vaccine eller...

  1. Nuclear program of Iran. Towards de-escalation of a nuclear crisis. Advisory letter; Nucleair programma van Iran. Naar de-escalatie van een nucleaire crisis. Briefadvies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-04-15

    The Dutch government, partly at the request of the House of Representatives (Second Chamber), the AIV asked to give an opinion about the position of Iran in the region and the role of the nuclear program of Iran in the geopolitical relations, in view of the most recent developments [Dutch] De Nederlandse regering heeft, mede op verzoek van de Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal, de AIV gevraagd advies uit te brengen over de positie van Iran in de regio en de rol van het nucleaire programma van Iran in de geopolitieke verhoudingen hierin, mede gelet op de meest recente ontwikkelingen.

  2. The construction of identities, a task attributed to the school and the teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Rodríguez Lestegás

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The traditional conceptualization of a collective identity linked to a state-nation is being seriously questioned. The vindication of specific identities on the part of several regional, ethnic or cultural groups coexists with a globalisation process that tends towards cultural standardization and the uniformity of ways of life and shared values. This paper deals with the process of incorporation of the knowledge of Europe into the school culture and the outstanding role of the school and the teachers in the construction of an intercultural European identity based on the acceptance of multiple simultaneous identities.

  3. Proceedings of the National Workshop on Methods to Minimize Dredging Impacts on Sea Turtles Held at Jacksonville, Florida on 11-12 May 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-02-01

    Great Lakes Dredging, P.O. Drawer K, Staten Island, NY 10303 (718-981-2700) Peter Lutz, Rosensteil School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Univ. of...Rudy Nyc , US Army Corps of Engineers, CESAD-PR-R, 510 Title Bldg., S.W., Atlanta, GA 30335-6801 (404-331-4619) * Registered but unable to attend. 6...J. Ross Wilcox (Florida Power & Light Company, Juno Beach, FL) 1150 Question and Answer Period 1200 Lunch 9 Technical Session II: James D. Hilton

  4. Early phase clean-up actions after nuclear accidents. Guidelines for the planner. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ulvsand, T

    1997-06-01

    The work reported has been performed with the purpose of working out a guide for planners of early clean-up actions in nuclear fallout situations and for decision makers in the Nordic countries. The actions considered are hosing of roofs, walls and paved areas, lawn mowing, removal of snow, pruning of trees and bushes and vacuum cleaning of streets. The expected effects, mainly as life time dose reduction, and consequences regarding practicability, waste produced, staffing and protection are presented for urban, suburban and rural living environments. The work has been performed within the fram work of the Nordic Nuclear Safety Research Program 1994-97 (Statens Raeddningsverk). (au)

  5. Solar/electric heating systems for the future energy system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Furbo, Simon; Dannemand, Mark; Perers, Bengt

    The project “Solar/electric heating systems in the future energy system” was carried out in the period 2008‐2013. The project partners were DTU Byg, DTU Informatics (now DTU Compute), DMI, ENFOR A/S and COWI A/S. The companies Ajva ApS, Ohmatex ApS and Innogie ApS worked together with the project...... partners in two connected projects in order to develop solar/electric heating systems for laboratory tests. The project was financed by the Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation under the Danish Council for Strategic Research in the program Sustainable Energy and Environment. The DSF number...... of the project is 2104‐07‐0021/09‐063201/DSF. This report is the final report of the project. The aim of the project is to elucidate how individual heating units for single family houses are best designed in order to fit into the future energy system. The units are based on solar energy, electrical heating...

  6. A critical review on the consensus around the «Westphalian system»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Moita

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Thirty Years’ War, which devastated Europe between 1618 and 1648, was a complex conflict: it was a religious war; it involved the main powers of the time, dynasty rivalries and rebellions from princes against the Emperor of the Holy Roman-German Empire. There is a consensus in viewing the Peace of Westphalia, which ended the war, as a decisive moment in the history of international relations and the majority of authors considers it the starting point of the modern State-Nation system, sovereign states which have jurisdiction over a territory, which were usually secular and related to one another according to the principle of the balance of power. A critical review of this consensus leads to question each of the above mentioned topics and conclude that the common interpretation has retrospectively transposed political processes which took place only later. In fact, it is likely that, in the 17th century, the pre-modern princely State is still dominant, which will then lead to the modern State-Nation system, a consequence of the emergence of industrial society and nationalism. One may even consider that the Peace of Westphalia delayed the constitution of national States, as far as Germany is concerned. Therefore, to use the terms “Westphalian state” and “Westphalian system” seems rather unadvisable.

  7. To-års hjælpepakke til en dansk banksektor med stor risikoappetit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grosen, Anders

    2008-01-01

    til danske banker i de næste to år. Det overordnede mål med aftalen er at få likviditeten tilbage til pengemarkedet. Der er grund til at tro, at hjælpepakken til den danske banksektor kortsigtet vil have den tilsigtede positive effekt på pengemarkedet. Men hjælpepakken har også en række afledte......mtrent på årsdagen for finans- og bankkrisens start indgik Finansrådet en aftale med staten om en to-års ubetinget garanti for alle indskud og andre simple kreditorer gældende for alle banker i kongeriget Danmark. Aftalen og udmøntningen af aftalen i Lov om finansiel stabilitet skal sikre tilliden...... bivirkninger, som der er fokus på i det følgende. Konklusionen er, at bivirkningerne vil vokse med hjælpepakkens løbetid. Det er derfor vigtigt, at staten og bankerne selv straks går i gang med at sikre, at bankerne om to år kan stå på egne ben uden statsstøtte....

  8. Religiøse symboler, religionsfrihed og det offentlige rum: "Stormoskeer" i København?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lægaard, Sune

    2010-01-01

    opfattelser af forholdet mellem stat og religion (neutralitet, tolerance, respekt og anerkendelse). Artiklen spørger på baggrund af, hvordan den danske stat i øvrigt forholder sig til religion i almindelighed og minoritetsreligioner i særdeleshed, hvordan staten bør forholde sig til religiøse symboler....... Fremgangsmåden har dels et fortolkende sigte, da det er mindre ligetil, end man umiddelbart skulle tro, at karakterisere den danske stats forhold til religion på en teoretisk oplysende måde. Dels synliggør den implikationerne af bestemte principper for forholdet mellem stat og religion, hvilket muliggør saglig...... bedømmelse af princippernes rimelighed. Artiklen præsenterer fire forskellige opfattelser af religionsfrihed som model for håndtering af religiøse symboler i det offentlige rum og diskuterer, hvorledes staten i lyset af de mest rimelige fortolkninger af det danske forhold mellem stat og religion bør behandle...

  9. Borgerlig revolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nygaard, Bertel

    1600-tals-tanker om ret og historie - her undersøgt primært via Thomas Hobbes og John Locke - videreudviklede disse tænkere teorier om historisk fremskridt hen mod det moderne civilsamfund. Hvert større udviklingstrin sås her som bestemt af specifikke ‘subsistensmåder'. Denne nye brug af begrebet...... oplysningsteoretiske civilisationshistorikere udvikles teorier om langsigtet historisk udvikling gennem distinkte sociale udviklingsstadier. Blandt de markante skikkelser var her skotter og franskmænd, der skrev fra 1740'erne og frem til 1790'erne: Adam Smith, John Millar, Turgot og andre. Idet de byggede videre på...... ‘civilsamfund' afgrænses her strukturelt som samfundet i modsætning til staten. Dette adskiller sig fra f.eks. Hobbes' og Lockes begrebsbrug, der ikke skelnede væsentligt mellem ‘civilsamfund og ‘politisk samfund'. Staten er ifølge bl.a. Smith grundlæggende et redskab til at beskytte den eksisterende...

  10. Rousseau læser Platon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Anne-Marie Eggert

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen præsenterer i første del (A) det pædagogiske stof fra Platons Staten og Lovene, som Rousseau har læst og fundet inspiration i. Der plæderes for, at Rousseau optager og transponerer såvel principper som konkrete overvejelser uanset den forskelige historiske kontekst og de dermed sammenhæn......Artiklen præsenterer i første del (A) det pædagogiske stof fra Platons Staten og Lovene, som Rousseau har læst og fundet inspiration i. Der plæderes for, at Rousseau optager og transponerer såvel principper som konkrete overvejelser uanset den forskelige historiske kontekst og de dermed...... sammenhængende forskellige udformninger og mål for opdragelsen. I anden del (B) diskuteres Rousseaus ’platonisme’ i mere overordnet filosofisk sammenhæng, og der argumenteres for, at Rousseaus utraditionelle, pædagogisk-filosofiske Platon-læsning dels kan ses at fremdrage underbelyste centrale tematikker i...... Platons filosofi, dels understreger deres stadige aktualitet....

  11. Case of early-disseminated Rhizopus microsporus var. microsporus mucormycosis in a renal transplant patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharma D

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dikshya Sharma,1 Kumud Dahal,2 Bandana Pathak,3 Udip Dahal4 1Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, 2University of Illinois College of Medicine, 3OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, Peoria, IL, 4University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA Abstract: Mucormycosis is a rare infection caused by the ubiquitous filamentous fungi of the order Mucorales and class Zygomycetes. These species are vasotropic, causing rapid onset of tissue infarctions and necrosis and subsequent thrombosis by invading vascular bed. The disease spectrum ranges from involvement of skin, sinuses, lung, and brain to disseminated and mostly fatal infections, especially in immunocompromised hosts. Here, we present a case of a fatal disseminated mucormycosis in a 56-year-old female who had deceased donor renal allograft transplantation ~2 weeks prior to presentation. She presented with shortness of breath and dry cough. Despite being on broad-spectrum antibiotics/antifungals and proper management by transplant, infectious disease, and primary team, she died within 3 weeks of admission. Autopsy showed disseminated mucormycosis of lungs and thyroid. Disseminated infection within 2 weeks of solid organ transplantation in this patient was one of the rare features of mucormycosis. Keywords: Zygomycetes, immunocompromised, transplant

  12. Towards an open, participatory cultural heritage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanderhoff, Merete

    2014-01-01

    brand new opportunities to fulfil this mission. Millions, even billions, of people across the globe are connected by the Internet, where they have access to communicating, learning, exchanging, developing, creating, and sharing with each other. How can the cultural heritage sector embrace this unique...... with cultural heritage, where the public are invited to be co-creators of art, culture and meaning. At Statens Museum for Kunst, the National Gallery of Denmark, we are making practical and strategic efforts to share ownership of our collections and artistic heritage with the public. Building on the research...... and experiences published in my book Sharing is Caring. Openness and sharing in the cultural heritage sector (2014), I will present examples of how we are involving the public actively, and provide the background rationale for why we are opening up our collections and ways of working....

  13. Comparison of the Denka Seiken Slide Agglutination Method to the Quellung Test for Serogrouping of Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shutt, Cheryl K.; Samore, Matthew; Carroll, Karen C.

    2004-01-01

    This study compared a slide agglutination test (Denka Seiken, Tokyo, Japan) to the “gold standard” quellung reaction (Pneumotest; Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark) for the serogrouping of pneumococci. Two hundred clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae were used for the comparison. Each assay was performed according to the manufacturer's instructions. There was an overall agreement of 95.7% between the two methods. Only 4 of 10 isolates of serogroup 22 were detected with the slide agglutination assay. Two isolates that were untypeable by the Pneumotest method were typed as serogroups 6 and 31 by the slide agglutination method. The Pneumotest method was unable to type 22 isolates, and the slide agglutination method was unable to type 16 isolates. The slide agglutination method compares favorably with the Pneumotest method and is easier to perform and to interpret. PMID:15004092

  14. Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli in Daycare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hebbelstrup Jensen, Betina; Stensvold, Christen R.; Struve, Carsten

    2016-01-01

    Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) has been associated with persistent diarrhea, reduced growth acceleration, and failure to thrive in children living in developing countries and with childhood diarrhea in general in industrialized countries. The clinical implications of an EAEC carrier-st...... heterogeneity of this pathotype. EAEC was highly prevalent (n = 25, 14%) in Danish children in daycare centers and was accompanied by gastrointestinal symptoms in 56% of the infected children. No serotype or phylogenetic group was specifically linked to children with disease....... and 2013. This is the first investigation of the incidence and pathological significance of EAEC in Danish children attending daycare facilities. Conventional microbiological detection of enteric pathogens was performed at Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark, and at Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen...

  15. Overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Krog, Jesper Schak; Madsen, Jesper J.

    Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2014 blev udført i samarbejde mellem Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET), Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ” Projektplan vedr....... overvågningen af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2014” (bilag 4). Overvågning af AI på EU niveau går tilbage til 2002, og Danmark er underlagt EU kommissionens bestemmelser for udformning af overvågningen, der dog har skiftet gennem årene i takt med indhøstede erfaringer. I 2014 blev der udført passiv...

  16. Predictors of quality of life in patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saad MM

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Marc M Saad,1 Youssef El Douaihy,1 Christine Boumitri,1 Chetana Rondla,2 Elias Moussaly,1 Magda Daoud,1 Suzanne E El Sayegh3 1Internal Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, 2Nephrology, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, GA, 3Nephrology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA Background: Assessment of quality of life (QOL of end-stage renal disease (ESRD patients (physical, mental, and social well-being has become an essential tool to develop better plans of care. Objective of this study is to determine which demographic and biochemical parameters correlate with the QOL scores in patients with ESRD on hemodialysis (HD using Kidney Disease QOL-36 surveys (KDQOL. Methods: A retrospective chart review of all ESRD patients who underwent HD at an outpatient center. The five components of the KDQOL were the primary end points of this study (burden of kidney disease, symptoms and problems, effects of kidney disease on daily life, mental component survey, and physical component survey. Scores were grouped into three categories (below average, average, and above average. In addition to demographics (age, sex, and race, the independent variables such as weight gain, number of years on dialysis, urea reduction ratio, calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, albumin, and hemoglobin in the serum were collected. Chi-square analysis for dependent variables and the nominal independent variables was used, and analysis of variance analysis was used for continuous independent variables. Ordinal regression using PLUM (polytomous universal model method was used to weigh out possible effects of confounders. Results: The cohort size was 111 patients. Mean age was 61.8 (±15.5 years; there were more males than females (64.9% vs 35.1%, the mean time-on-dialysis at the time of the study was 4.3 (4.8 years. Approximately two-thirds of the responses on all five domains of the questionnaire ranked average when compared to the

  17. "Floating signifiers": Negotiating the meaning of national in Montenegro, at the Internet chat room Café del Montenegro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čarna Brković

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper represents the analysis of the narratives that deal with the sentiment of national belonging in Montenegro within the chat room Café del Montenegro. The practice of the Internet chat room users is perceived as cultural engagement – „practicing" the State and the emotion of national identification of its own kind. By writing, arguing, negotiating the meaning of the state and nation an abundance of different and broken knowledge’s are created- many histories, geographies, ethics and politics are offered. On the one hand, these directly undermines, jeopardizes and questions the power of the State narrative, hitherto negotiating the nation, the State, authentic devotion, simultaneously manufacturing the state-nation as a reality. The result of mutual correspondence in the chat room is persistent negotiation of the meaning of national categories in Montenegro over the years.

  18. Constitutionalism, State and territory in the globalization context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Guillermo Jiménez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Globalization shows that the national State is losing the monopoly in the production of law, and this generates changes concerning the environment of application of the state legal arrangements and the role of the territory as the limit thereof. The object of this work is to offer a panorama about of the law globalization impacts on the State, the constitutional theory and the territory. The study is performed by means of the documentary review technique by using the consultation of diverse sources. Our conclusion is that the Westphalian model of State-nation has been weakened; however, globalization needs the State to be able to operate. Law has been deterritorialized and the territory continues to be a fundamental element for the contemporary State.

  19. Det danske mediesystem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørsten, Mark; Willig, Ida

    2016-01-01

    . Teoriens styrke er således et institutionelt makroperspektiv, der egner sig til analyser af enkelte lande såvel som til komparative analyser. I Hallin og Mancinis (2004) bog munder systemperspektivet ud i en beskrivelse af tre forskellige mediesystemer, der kendetegner den vestlige verden. Her placeres...... Danmark, sammen med bl.a. de andre Skandinaviske lande, i det såkaldte demokratisk-korporative mediesystem. Kapilet vil indledningsvis give en grundlæggende præsentation af Hallin og Mancinis (2004) tre mediesystemer med særligt fokus på deres begreber og forståelse af det demokratisk......, herunder spørgsmål om medieudbud og medieefterspørgsel, (2) politisk parallelisme, der er graden af sammenhæng mellem det politiske system og mediesystemet, (3) professionalisering af journalistikken samt (4) statens rolle, eksempelvis graden af statslig støtte til medierne....

  20. [The historical aspect: the first 10 years of the Danish Medicines Agency--and the 50 years that came before].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overø, Jens

    2008-01-01

    In 1997, the office for administration regarding medicines and pharmacies was separated from the Danish Board of Health and organised as the Danish Medicines Agency (Laegemiddelstyrelsen). This Agency celebrated its 10 years anniversary by publishing a book, "Staten og laegemidlerne" (The state and the medicines), describing various aspects of the official control of medicines. The book chapters focus mainly on the latest 25-50 years, because the earlier periods from the 16th century and onwards have been thoroughly described previously, whereas more recent developments are more sparsely discussed in the literature. The present article emphasises the importance of keeping knowledge of the historical development alive. Many aspects of present day regulation only make sense with knowledge of what came before.

  1. They fight because we let them! Applying a situational crime prevention model to barroom violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Kathryn

    2009-03-01

    This paper draws on situational crime prevention and social interactionist theories to develop a theoretical model for preventing aggression and injury in licensed drinking establishments. The model includes six components: (i) the presence of willing participants; (ii) the role of guardians, handlers and place managers; (iii) environmental deterrents of aggression; (iv) environmental precipitators of aggression; (v) theories regarding the effects of alcohol that contribute to increased risk of aggression; and (vi) social interaction theory relevant to the process of aggressive incidents in drinking establishments. The model provides a basis for developing a range of strategies to reduce barroom aggression that includes but is not restricted to addressing the role of alcohol. The paper discusses how these strategies can be developed and implemented through interventions, programs, policies or regulations at the level of the drinking establishment, the community level or the state/national level.

  2. Omsorg for børn og ældre - Kommunal praksis i Europa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rostgaard, Tine; Holm, Tine; Toftgaard Jensen, Dorte

    tendens er dog klar, at vi mere og mere bevæger os mod et velfærdsmiks, hvor forskellige aktører såsom staten, frivillige organisationer, private firmaer, familien og arbejdsgiverne alle påtager sig et ansvar. Hvilket velfærdsmiks et land har, afhænger dog ofte af historiske, ideologiske og politiske...... faktorer. Ved at se på vores europæiske naboer kan vi få en ide om, hvordan de forskellige aktører påtager sig forskellige opgaver. I et komparativt kapitel i denne bog sammenlignes omsorgssyste-merne i Danmark, Sverige, Finland, Tyskland, Holland Frankrig og England. Det er dog i kommunerne, at opgaverne...

  3. Specific T-cell epitopes for immunoassay-based diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brock, I; Weldingh, K; Leyten, EM

    2004-01-01

    Specific T-cell epitopes for immunoassay-based diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.Brock I, Weldingh K, Leyten EM, Arend SM, Ravn P, Andersen P. Department of Infectious Disease Immunology, Statens Serum Institute, Artillerivej 5, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark. The currently used...... method for immunological detection of tuberculosis infection, the tuberculin skin test, has low specificity. Antigens specific for Mycobacterium tuberculosis to replace purified protein derivative are therefore urgently needed. We have performed a rigorous assessment of the diagnostic potential of four...... recently identified antigens (Rv2653, Rv2654, Rv3873, and Rv3878) from genomic regions that are lacking from the Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine strains as well as from the most common nontuberculous mycobacteria. The fine specificity of potential epitopes in these molecules...

  4. Colour changes due to the fading of Prussian blue in Danish Golden Age paintings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filtenborg, Troels Folke; Buti, David; Vila, Anna

    2016-01-01

    Examination of oil paintings by artists from the so-called Danish Golden Age in the first half of the nineteenth century indicates that a significant degree of deterioration and fading has occurred in a number of cases in some of the blue coloured areas. The occurrence was initially suggested...... by the different appearance of the paint along the edges of the paintings where they had been protected from the light. Technical examination of paintings from the Statens Museum for Kunst collection, by artists such as Christen Købke, Nicolai Abildgaard and C.W. Eckersberg, revealed the presence of Prussian blue......, mixed with lead white and calcium carbonate as a component of the paint in the affected areas. Due to its high tinting strength, Prussian blue was often used – mostly in moderate proportions - mixed with other compounds and pigments. It has been demonstrated by experimental studies that the durability...

  5. A molar masquerading as an ectopic pregnancy in the early first trimester: a salutary lesson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Govind A

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abha Govind,1 Nisha Lakhi21Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, North Middlesex University Hospital, London, UK; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, New York, NY, USAAbstract: The authors report a case in which a molar pregnancy was mistaken for an ectopic pregnancy in the early first trimester. This confusion delayed diagnosis and caused distress; follow-up led to the final diagnosis of complete hydatidiform mole. Correct preoperative diagnosis of molar pregnancy by ultrasound in early pregnancy may be tricky. It is important to obtain histological evidence to make the final diagnosis of gestational trophoblastic disease. While relatively rare, consideration of molar pregnancy in the differential diagnosis of early pregnancy loss may avoid unnecessary distress.Keywords: first trimester ultrasound, molar pregnancy, gestational trophoblastic disease, complete hydatidiform mole, diagnosis

  6. Early BCG-Denmark and Neonatal Mortality Among Infants Weighing <2500 g: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biering-Sørensen, Sofie; Aaby, Peter; Lund, Najaaraq

    2017-01-01

    Background. BCG vaccine may reduce overall mortality by increasing resistance to nontuberculosis infections. In 2 randomized trials in Guinea-Bissau of early BCG-Denmark (Statens Serum Institut) given to low-weight (LW) neonates (... a very beneficial effect in the neonatal period. We therefore conducted the present trial to test whether early BCG-Denmark reduces neonatal mortality by 45%. We also conducted a meta-analysis of the 3 BCG-Denmark trials. Methods. In 2008–2013, we randomized LW neonates to “early BCG......-Denmark” (intervention group; n = 2083) or “control” (local policy for LW and no BCG-Denmark; n = 2089) at discharge from the maternity ward or at first contact with the health center. The infants were randomized (1:1) without blinding in blocks of 24. Data was analyzed in Cox hazards models providing mortality rate...

  7. Adverse reactions to the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine in new-born infants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørrelykke Nissen, Thomas; Birk, Nina Marie; Kjærgaard, Jesper

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adverse reactions of the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Statens Serum Institut (SSI) (Danish strain 1331) used as intervention in a randomized clinical trial. DESIGN: A randomized clinical multicenter trial, The Danish Calmette Study, randomizing newborns to BCG...... and eighty four families consented to participate and 4262 children, gestational age 32 weeks and above, were randomized: 2129 to BCG vaccine and 2133 to no vaccine. None of the participants withdrew because of adverse reactions. MAIN OUTCOME AND MEASURE: Trial-registered adverse reactions after BCG...... vaccination at birth. Follow-up at 3 and 13 months by telephone interviews and clinical examinations. RESULTS: Among the 2118 BCG-vaccinated children we registered no cases of severe unexpected adverse reaction related to BCG vaccination and no cases of disseminated BCG disease. Two cases of regional...

  8. Health effects following 9/11: implications for occupational health nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pak, Victoria M; O'Hara, MaryEllen; McCauley, Linda A

    2008-04-01

    The attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001 resulted in hazardous environmental exposures of enormous magnitude, bringing about persistent respiratory and psychological problems among survivors. Approximately 40,000 men and women worked at Ground Zero, the former site of the World Trade Center in New York City, and at the Staten Island landfill, the main wreckage depository, in the days, weeks, and months following 9/11. First responders such as firefighters and police, construction workers, and utility and public sector workers were involved. These individuals were at high risk for injury, respiratory complications, and psychological distress from the traumatic event. This article highlights the controversy surrounding 9/11 research and reports, identifies populations at high risk for exposure, and examines the health effects. Occupational health nurses should not only be empowered to provide the best care for workers affiliated with 9/11, but also contribute to research to protect worker health in future disaster responses.

  9. Specific T-cell epitopes for immunoassay-based diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brock, I; Weldingh, K; Leyten, EM

    2004-01-01

    Specific T-cell epitopes for immunoassay-based diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.Brock I, Weldingh K, Leyten EM, Arend SM, Ravn P, Andersen P. Department of Infectious Disease Immunology, Statens Serum Institute, Artillerivej 5, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark. The currently used...... method for immunological detection of tuberculosis infection, the tuberculin skin test, has low specificity. Antigens specific for Mycobacterium tuberculosis to replace purified protein derivative are therefore urgently needed. We have performed a rigorous assessment of the diagnostic potential of four...... selected and combined the specific peptide stretches from the four proteins not recognized by M. bovis BCG-vaccinated individuals. These peptide stretches were tested with peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from patients with microscopy- or culture-confirmed tuberculosis and from healthy M. bovis...

  10. Violence and displacement: Towards a regional and local interpretation. The case of Risaralda and its capital Pereira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Adolfo Martínez Herrera

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available This dissertation tries to make an analysis about phenomenons of violence in the region of Risaralda and your capital Pereira. The established reflection is made by means of a historical view, a violence characterization and some of your causal explanations, a reflection where the main reference is the territory and your manifold scenes that conjugate actors crossing, interests and territorial dominions, besides, a migratory process by violence (displacement by violence that materializes the sequels of conflict, and finally, by means of a local view that recognizes in the globalized societies, new non regulated scenes of conflict by the state-nation. This analysis permits to recognize the territorial topics of control and dominion and it identifies some of the structural explanations that show continuities and discontinuities that have an effect on population of the region in a differentiated way. The reflection provokes new questions to guide next investigations in the region.

  11. Analysis of a Population-Based Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia Index as an Outcome Measure of Access and Quality of Care for the Treatment of HIV Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arno, Peter S.; Gourevitch, Marc N.; Drucker, Ernest; Fang, Jing; Goldberg, Clara; Memmott, Margaret; Bonuck, Karen; Deb, Nandini; Schoenbaum, Ellie

    2002-01-01

    Objectives. A population-based Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) Index was developed in New York City to identify geographic areas and subpopulations at increased risk for PCP. Methods. A zip code–level PCP Index was created from AIDS surveillance and hospital discharge records and defined as (number of PCP-related hospitalizations)/(number of persons living with AIDS). Results. In 1997, there were 2262 hospitalizations for PCP among 39 740 persons living with AIDS in New York City (PCP Index = .05691). PCP Index values varied widely across neighborhoods with high AIDS prevalence (West Village = .02532 vs Central Harlem = .08696). Some neighborhoods with moderate AIDS prevalence had strikingly high rates (Staten Island = .14035; northern Manhattan = .08756). Conclusions. The PCP Index highlights communities in particular need of public health interventions to improve HIV-related service delivery. (Am J Public Health. 2002;92:395–398) PMID:11867318

  12. Real-time whole-genome sequencing for routine typing, surveillance, and outbreak detection of verotoxigenic Escherichia coli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Joensen, Katrine Grimstrup; Scheutz, Flemming; Lund, Ole

    2014-01-01

    was established from WGS, enabling discrimination between sporadic and outbreak isolates. Overall, WGS typing produced results faster and at a lower cost than the current routine. Therefore, WGS typing is a superior alternative to conventional typing strategies. This approach may also be applied to typing......Fast and accurate identification and typing of pathogens are essential for effective surveillance and outbreak detection. The current routine procedure is based on a variety of techniques, making the procedure laborious, time-consuming, and expensive. With whole-genome sequencing (WGS) becoming...... cheaper, it has huge potential in both diagnostics and routine surveillance. The aim of this study was to perform a real-time evaluation of WGS for routine typing and surveillance of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC). In Denmark, the Statens Serum Institut (SSI) routinely receives all...

  13. Tre gordiske knuder eller bare bump på vejen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Nana Wesley; Mailand, Mikkel

    I notatet analyseres forventningerne til OK2018, der særligt byder på tre udfordringer. Det gælder uenighed om privatlønsværn og løngab, samarbejdsproblemer på statens område (herunder spørgsmålet om den betalte frokostpause) og spørgsmålet om lærernes arbejdstid. Notatet understreger den særlige...... processuelle usikkerhed ved OK2018 i forbindelse med lærernes arbejdstid, idet lønmodtagerorganisationerne har forsøgt at gøre reelle forhandlinger på dette område til forudsætning for alle øvrige forhandlinger. Herefter gennemgår notatet andre forhandlingstemaer og mulige knaster for både det statslige...

  14. Innovation on Smart Grids and energy storage. IA Special; Innovation on Smart Grids and energy storage. IA Special

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-15

    In this special edition of the Innovation Network Attache a large number of short articles on aspects of ICT aspects of intellligent energy networks, the security and integrity of the use and control of those networks, and energy storage. In this special an overview is given of the most important developments in Israel, Russian Federation, Brazil, Netherlands, France, Germany, Singapore, Japan, Taiwan, China, South Korea, India, United States and Canada [Dutch] In deze special van het Innovation Attache Netwerk een groot aantal korte artikelen over de ICT aspecten van intellligente energie netten, de veiligheid en integriteit van het gebruik en sturing ervan, en energie opslag. In de special een overzicht van in het oog springende ontwikkelingen in de landen Israel, Rusland, Brazilie, Nederland, Frankrijk, Duitsland, Singapore, Japan, Taiwan, China, Zuid-Korea, India, Verenigde Staten en Canada.

  15. Study Fails to Link ILL Usage Patterns to Liaison Activities. A Review of: Leykam, Andrew. “Exploring Interlibrary Loan Usage Patterns and Liaison Activities: The Experience at a U.S. University.” Interlending & Document Supply 36.4 (2008: 218-24.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Marsalis

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective - To investigate Interlibrary Loan (ILL usage patterns, and connect them to liaison activities beyond collection development.Design – Pattern analysis of ILL requests.Setting – Library of The College of Staten Island, a mid-size, public university with predominantly undergraduate enrolment.Subjects – 4,875 identifiable requests over a three-year period.Methods – A data set of requests for ILLs of monographs over a period of three years was acquired from OCLC resource sharing statistics. This data was manually reviewed to remove duplicate records of the same request, but not multiple requests for the same item. The data included requestor status, department, publication date and subject classification of requested items.Main Results – Differences in use across user statuses and departments were identified.Conclusion – Usage Patterns can accurately illustrate trends in the borrowing behaviour of patrons, and be used to inform liaison librarians about user needs.

  16. Comparing Whole-Genome Sequencing with Sanger Sequencing for spa Typing of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bartels, Mette Damkjaer; Petersen, Andreas; Worning, Peder

    2014-01-01

    spa typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has traditionally been done by PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing of the spa repeat region. At Hvidovre Hospital, Denmark, whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of all MRSA isolates has been performed routinely since January 2013......, and an in-house analysis pipeline determines the spa types. Due to national surveillance, all MRSA isolates are sent to Statens Serum Institut, where the spa type is determined by PCR and Sanger sequencing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the spa types obtained by 150-bp paired......-end Illumina WGS. MRSA isolates from new MRSA patients in 2013 (n = 699) in the capital region of Denmark were included. We found a 97% agreement between spa types obtained by the two methods. All isolates achieved a spa type by both methods. Nineteen isolates differed in spa types by the two methods, in most...

  17. Scenario of neonatal surgery in West Bengal with reference to cases of anorectal malformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Akhilesh Kr; Das, Sachidananda; Das, Sukanta; Ghosh, Dipak; Agarwa, Anshu

    2009-05-01

    Pediatric Surgery, though a super specialty does not enjoy the glamour and importance like other specialities, though, dealing with the most delicate of mankind, the children. The reasons for this are manifold and the results of this, brutal. This is a retrospective study carried at the major institutes of West Bengal where departments of pediatric surgery exist. We have observed a gross discrepancy between the number of patients admitted for surgically correctable congenital malformations and the standard state/national frequency of these disorders. We focus on the plight of a child not able to reach the level III health care system with a pediatric surgical back up and analyze the pros and cons with constructive criticism of the existing system.

  18. Specific T-cell epitopes for immunoassay-based diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brock, I; Weldingh, K; Leyten, EM

    2004-01-01

    recently identified antigens (Rv2653, Rv2654, Rv3873, and Rv3878) from genomic regions that are lacking from the Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine strains as well as from the most common nontuberculous mycobacteria. The fine specificity of potential epitopes in these molecules......Specific T-cell epitopes for immunoassay-based diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.Brock I, Weldingh K, Leyten EM, Arend SM, Ravn P, Andersen P. Department of Infectious Disease Immunology, Statens Serum Institute, Artillerivej 5, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark. The currently used...... method for immunological detection of tuberculosis infection, the tuberculin skin test, has low specificity. Antigens specific for Mycobacterium tuberculosis to replace purified protein derivative are therefore urgently needed. We have performed a rigorous assessment of the diagnostic potential of four...

  19. Prevalence of antimicrobial resistant Escherichia coli from patients with suspected urinary tract infection in primary care, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cordoba, Gloria; Holm, Anne; Hansen, Frank

    2017-01-01

    Background: Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen causing Urinary Tract Infections (UTI). Data from the current National Surveillance program in Denmark (DANMAP) may not accurately represent the prevalence of resistant E. coli in primary care, because only urine samples from complicated...... 485 (96%) patients. According to the European Urinalysis Standards, 261 (54%) patients had positive bacteriuria. The most common uropathogen in patients with uncomplicated (uUTI) and complicated (cUTI) urinary tract infection was E. coli 105 (69%) and 76 (70%), respectively. Eighty-two (45%) of 181 E......: Observational study carried out from December 2014 to December 2015. Thirty-nine general practices from The Capital Region of Denmark included adult patients with urinary tract symptoms and suspected UTI. All urine samples were sent to the central laboratory Statens Serum Institut (SSI). Significant bacteriuria...

  20. Hur bemöter man idag tibetanska flyktingbarn i Dharamsala?

    OpenAIRE

    Bergström, Kavita

    2008-01-01

    Detta arbete bygger på en studieresa, under en månads tid, till Indien, Dharamsala. Dharamsa-la är känd för att inhysa den tibetanska statens exilregering och inte minst den tibetanska bud-dismens andlige ledare Dalai Lama. Därav är Dharamsala en viktig tillflyktsort för de tibe-tanska flyktingar som undkommit den Kinesiska regeringens förtryck i Tibet. Syftet med denna studie blir därför, att få mer insikt och kunskap om hur man idag i Dha-ramsala bemöter tibetanska flyktingbarn från Tibet. ...

  1. Peer til peer i arbejdet med udsatte mennesker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlmark, Nanna; Norrhäll, Oskar; Jensen, Pernille Hartvig

    Statens Institut for Folkesundhed, Syddansk Universitet har fået til opdrag at lave en formativ procesevaluering af Københavns Kommunes projekt Mænd i København. Projektet omhandler udvikling og implementering af en peer til peer indsats med henblik på at forbedre sundhed og trivsel blandt udsatte...... mænd i risiko for at udvikle type 2 diabetes. En del af evalueringsopdraget har været at tilvejebringe viden om relevant litteratur om peer-metoder. I denne forbindelse er dette notat udarbejdet til Københavns Kommunes Forebyggelsescenter Nørrebro af evaluerings-teamet, som består af forsker, Nanna...... Ahlmark, adjunkt ved Aalborg Universitet Camilla Dindler, praktikant og specialestuderende Oskar Norrhäll og specialestuderende Pernille Hartvig Jensen. Notatet er en sammenfatning af udvalgt forskningslitteratur og rapporter om peer til peer-relaterede projekter målrettet udsatte grupper i forbindelse...

  2. Department of Defense Base Structure Report (A Summary of DoD’s Real Property Inventory) Fiscal Year 2006 Baseline

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Oneonta Oneonta 3 33,913 1010 5.1 116 5 0Army Guard R W Shepherd Hope Hull Hope Hull 4 115,549 6262 19.4 374 74 0Army Guard Ralph W Adams Troy Troy 1...Staten Island 4 60,598 2020 11.5 0 6 0Army Guard Troy Glenmore Rd Armory OMS 17 Troy 2 79,233 1313 13.6 575 13 0Army Guard Utica Armory OMS 6 Utica 5...3,675,733 0 0 17,82517,768 621.4 15,012 927 504Texas Total: 0 0 Utah Draper Complex Draper 9 322,636 4141 57.0 895 288 343Army Guard E.J. Garn Aviation

  3. Recurrent invasive pneumococcal disease in children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingels, Helene; Lambertsen, Lotte; Harboe, Zitta B

    2014-01-01

    laboratory-confirmed cases of IPD in children aged 0-15 y were identified from the Neisseria and Streptococcus Reference Laboratory, Statens Serum Institut, Denmark for the period 1980-2013. rIPD was defined as isolation of Streptococcus pneumoniae from any normally sterile site ≥ 30 days after an initial...... positive culture. Clinical data were obtained for all children with rIPD. Results: Of all children with IPD, 2.4% (59/2418) experienced at least 1 episode of rIPD, and an underlying condition was documented in 39 (66%). Immune deficiency due to transplantation (n = 9) was the most common disease; however......, anatomic abnormalities (n = 8), complement C2 deficiency (n = 4), and congenital asplenia (n = 3) were all registered more than once. No underlying disease was detected in 18 children (31%). Based on the serotype distribution of S. pneumoniae isolates in rIPD among children aged 0-5 y (n = 41), 51%, 66...

  4. Early BCG-Denmark and Neonatal Mortality Among Infants Weighing <2500 g: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biering-Sørensen, Sofie; Aaby, Peter; Lund, Najaaraq

    2017-01-01

    Background. BCG vaccine may reduce overall mortality by increasing resistance to nontuberculosis infections. In 2 randomized trials in Guinea-Bissau of early BCG-Denmark (Statens Serum Institut) given to low-weight (LW) neonates (infant mortality rates, we observed......-Denmark” (intervention group; n = 2083) or “control” (local policy for LW and no BCG-Denmark; n = 2089) at discharge from the maternity ward or at first contact with the health center. The infants were randomized (1:1) without blinding in blocks of 24. Data was analyzed in Cox hazards models providing mortality rate...... by 38% (MRR, 0.62; 95% CI, .46–.83) within the neonatal period and 16% (0.84; .71–1.00) by age 12 months.ConclusionEarly administration of BCG-Denmark in LW infants is associated with major reductions in mortality rate. It is important that all LW infants receive early BCG in areas with high neonatal...

  5. Mental health concerns among African immigrants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venters, Homer; Adekugbe, Olayinka; Massaquoi, Jacob; Nadeau, Cheryl; Saul, Jack; Gany, Francesca

    2011-08-01

    African immigrants represent a rapidly expanding group of immigrants in the United States. In New York City, Africans constitute the fastest growing segment of immigrants but the needs and practices of African immigrants in the U.S. remain poorly understood. A community based organization (CBO) serving African immigrants in Staten Island, NY began a health screening program in 2008 with the goal of promoting access to primary care. Over 18 months, 296 visits were recorded at African Refuge health screenings, representing a total of 87 people who averaged just over 3 visits per person. The screenings identified mental health among the top three medical problems of clients but referral to mental health services was rare. Dedicated services are required to better screen for mental health concerns and refer African immigrants to mental health care.

  6. Kombineret dagslys og intelligent LED belysning - få dagslys ind i bygningerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam-Hansen, Carsten; Corell, Dennis Dan; Thorseth, Anders

    This report contains a description of the work carried out and the results of the research and development project ”Combined daylight and Intelligent LED lighting ‐ getting the daylight into the buildings” and form the final report for this project. The project is carried out in cooperation between...... the following partners: DTU Fotonik, Statens Byggeforsknings‐institut, Rambøll Danmark, Energirådgiveren and Philips Lighting Denmark. The project has been led by DTU Fotonik, Senior scientist, Ph.d. Carsten Dam‐Hansen The project was financed by the Danish Energy Association through Elforsk’s PSO program...... of the project, the work and results together with future perspectives of the results of the project. The report contains an overview of dynamic lighting systems and a description of the development of a new intelligent dynamic lighting system based on color mixing LED technology. The system, which has been...

  7. Socialkapital - en ny produktionsfaktor?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    1999-01-01

    Hvad betyder socialkapital og hvordan kan den skabes? Socialkapital er muligvis en ny produktionsfaktor, som bør føjes til traditionel menneskelig og fysisk kapital. Socialkapital er værdiskabende, fordi den øger graden af tillid mellem mennesker og dermed bevirker, at flere transaktioner kan finde...... organisation og frihandel. For det andet bør statens tilbagetrækning kombineres med bestræbelser på at øge den økonomiske vækst og vinde folkelig opbakning til at gennemføre reformer. For det tredje bør frivillige grupper, som skaber socialkapital, ikke institutionaliseres, da de i så fald kan udvikle sig til...

  8. Symbiosome-like intracellular colonization of cereals and other crop plants by nitrogen-fixing bacteria for reduced inputs of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cocking, Edward C; Stone, Philip J; Davey, Michael R

    2005-09-01

    It has been forecast that the challenge of meeting increased food demand and protecting environmental quality will be won or lost in maize, rice and wheat cropping systems, and that the problem of environmental nitrogen enrichment is most likely to be solved by substituting synthetic nitrogen fertilizers by the creation of cereal crops that are able to fix nitrogen symbiotically as legumes do. In legumes, rhizobia present intracellularly in membrane-bound vesicular compartments in the cytoplasm of nodule cells fix nitrogen endosymbiotically. Within these symbiosomes, membrane-bound vesicular compartments, rhizobia are supplied with energy derived from plant photosynthates and in return supply the plant with biologically fixed nitrogen, usually as ammonia. This minimizes or eliminates the need for inputs of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers. Recently we have demonstrated, using novel inoculation conditions with very low numbers of bacteria, that cells of root meristems of maize, rice, wheat and other major non-legume crops, such as oilseed rape and tomato, can be intracellularly colonized by the non-rhizobial, non-nodulating, nitrogen fixing bacterium,Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus that naturally occurs in sugarcane.G. diazotrophicus expressing nitrogen fixing (nifH) genes is present in symbiosome-like compartments in the cytoplasm of cells of the root meristems of the target cereals and non-legume crop species, somewhat similar to the intracellular symbiosome colonization of legume nodule cells by rhizobia. To obtain an indication of the likelihood of adequate growth and yield, of maize for example, with reduced inputs of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers, we are currently determining the extent to which nitrogen fixation, as assessed using various methods, is correlated with the extent of systemic intracellular colonization byG. diazotrophicus, with minimal or zero inputs.

  9. Spectral Analysis, Synthesis, & Energy Distributions of Nearby E+A Galaxies Using SDSS-IV MaNGA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Olivia A.; Anderson, Miguel Ricardo; Wally, Muhammad; James, Olivia; Falcone, Julia; Liu, Allen; Wallack, Nicole; Liu, Charles; SDSS Collaboration

    2017-01-01

    Utilizing data from the Mapping Nearby Galaxies at APO (MaNGA) Survey (MaNGA Product Launch-4, or MPL-4), of the latest generation of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-IV), we identified nine post-starburst (E+A) systems that lie within the Green Valley transition zone. We identify the E+A galaxies by their SDSS single fiber spectrum and u-r color, then confirmed their classification as post-starburst by coding/plotting methods and spectral synthesis codes (FIREFLY and PIPE3D), as well as with their Spectral Energy Distributions (SEDs) from 0.15 µm to 22 µm, using GALEX, SDSS, 2MASS, and WISE data. We produced maps of gaussian-fitted fluxes, equivalent widths, stellar velocities, metallicities and age. We also produced spectral line ratio diagrams to classify regions of stellar populations of the galaxies. We found that our sample of E+As retain their post-starburst properties across the entire galaxy, not just at their center. We detected matching a trend line in the ultraviolet and optical bands, consistent with the expected SEDs for an E+A galaxy, and also through the J, H and Ks bands, except for one object. We classified one of the nine galaxies as a luminous infrared galaxy, unusual for a post-starburst object. Our group seeks to further study stellar population properties, spectral energy distributions and quenching properties in E+A galaxies, and investigate their role in galaxy evolution as a whole. This work was supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation via the SDSS-IV Faculty and Student Team (FAST) initiative, ARC Agreement #SSP483 to the CUNY College of Staten Island. This work was also supported by grants to The American Museum of Natural History, and the CUNY College of Staten Island through from National Science Foundation.

  10. Overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Krog, Jesper Schak; Madsen, Jesper J.

    Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem Fødevaresty......Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem...... Fødevarestyrelsen og Veterinærinstituttet om overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012” (bilag 4). Overvågning af AI på EU niveau går tilbage til 2002, og Danmark er underlagt EU kommissionens bestemmelser for udformning af overvågningen, der dog har skiftet gennem årene i takt med indhøstede...... erfaringer. I 2012 blev der udført passiv overvågning af døde vilde fugle, der blev fundet i naturen på lokaliteter, der fordelte sig over det meste af landet. Der blev testet 18 fugle, og ingen af disse var positive for HPAI. To prøver var positive for LPAI virus, men disse virus var ikke af influenza A H5...

  11. Hyperhomocysteinemia and vascular access thrombosis in hemodialysis patients: a retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saifan C

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Chadi Saifan, Elie El-Charabaty, Suzanne El-SayeghStaten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USABackground: Elevated total plasma homocysteine is an independent risk factor for arterial and venous thrombosis in patients with normal renal function. Patients on hemodialysis have a high prevalence of mild to moderate hyperhomocysteinemia. Conflicting retrospective analyses and prospective studies have been reported regarding the association between total homocysteine levels and hemodialysis vascular thrombosis. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the relationship between hyperhomocysteinemia and vascular access thrombosis (VAT in patients on hemodialysis.Methods: One hundred and twenty-five patients undergoing dialysis were selected as subjects. The experimental group participants were identified as those having one or more VAT during the previous 13 months and the control group participants had no access thrombosis during the same period. Additional subgroup analysis included the presence of hypertension, diabetes, low-density lipoprotein levels, sex, and use of aspirin.Results: No statistically significant difference was found in total homocysteine levels between the two groups (P = 0.27. No association was found between VAT and sex (P = 0.09, VAT and hypertension (P = 0.96, VAT and diabetes (P = 0.49, nor VAT and low-density lipoprotein level (P = 0.04. A lower rate of VAT was associated with aspirin intake (P = 0.04.Conclusion: This study did not demonstrate a relationship between total homocysteine concentrations and risk of VAT in patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis. There were no significant differences in the number of VAT across additional variables of sex and previous morbidity. Aspirin intake was associated with a lower incidence of VAT.Keywords: hyperhomocysteinemia, vascular access thrombosis, hemodialysis

  12. Association between bullying and pediatric psychiatric hospitalizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leader, Hadassa; Singh, Jasmine; Ghaffar, Ayesha; de Silva, Cheryl

    2018-01-01

    Objectives: Bullying is a serious public health issue. We sought to demonstrate an association between bullying victimization and hospital admissions for acute psychiatric problems. We described the demographics and types of bullying in a sample of hospitalized patients in Staten Island, NY, and compared bullying victimization scores with psychiatric versus medical admissions. Methods: Patients in grades 3–12 were recruited from the Staten Island University Hospital Inpatient Pediatrics unit and emergency department. Patients completed the validated Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire (OBQ) was analyzed to formulate a report of bullying in our sample as well as a sub-score measurement of bullying victimization. Pediatric residents simultaneously documented whether the subject was a medical versus an in-patient psychiatry admission. Statistical analysis was performed to look for an association between the victimization sub-score and a psychiatric indication for admission. Results: A total of 185 surveys were analyzed. Peak bullying occurred in 7th and 8th grades. Demographics and types of bullying in our sample were described. A strong association between bullying victimization and hospitalization for in-patient psychiatry was demonstrated. Association between bullying victimization and suicidal ideation, psychiatry, and social work consults was also shown. Concern for an association between hospitalization for psychogenic illness and bullying victimization was also raised. Conclusions: There is a significant association between bullying victimization and psychiatric hospital admissions. This raises the specter of the serious consequences of bullying as it is the first study to prospectively link hospital admissions to bullying. Studies using a valid measure of psychogenic illness to look for an association with bullying victimization are needed. PMID:29326819

  13. Investigation of off-site airborne transport of lead from a superfund removal action site using lead isotope ratios and concentrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pribil, Michael J.; Maddaloni, Mark A.; Staiger, Kimberly; Wilson, Eric; Magriples, Nick; Ali, Mustafa; Santella, Dennis

    2014-01-01

    Lead (Pb) concentration and Pb isotopic composition of surface and subsurface soil samples were used to investigate the potential for off-site air transport of Pb from a former white Pb processing facility to neighboring residential homes in a six block area on Staten Island, NY. Surface and subsurface soil samples collected on the Jewett White Pb site were found to range from 1.122 to 1.138 for 206Pb/207Pb and 2.393 to 2.411 for 208Pb/207Pb. The off-site surface soil samples collected from residential backyards, train trestle, near site grass patches and background areas varied from 1.144 to 1.196 for 206Pb/207Pb and 2.427 to 2.464 for 208Pb/207Pb. Two soil samples collected along Richmond Terrace, where Jewett site soils accumulated after major rain events, varied from 1.136 to 1.147 for 206Pb/207Pb and 2.407 to 2.419 for 208Pb/207Pb. Lead concentration for on-site surface soil samples ranged from 450 to 8000 ug/g, on-site subsurface soil samples ranged from 90,000 to 240,000 ug/g and off-site samples varied from 380 to 3500 ug/g. Lead concentration and isotopic composition for the Staten Island off-site samples were similar to previously published data for other northeastern US cities and reflect re-suspension and re-mobilization of local accumulated Pb. The considerable differences in both the Pb isotopic composition and Pb concentration of on-site and off-site samples resulted in the ability to geochemically trace the transport of particulate Pb. Data in this study indicate minimal off-site surface transport of Pb from the Jewett site into the neighboring residential area.

  14. Necrotizing RPGN with linear anti IgG deposits in a patient with history of granulomatosis with polyangiitis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parekh N

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Ninad Parekh, Edward Epstein, Suzanne El-Sayegh Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA Introduction: Diagnosing the etiology of a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis is of vital importance to guide appropriate therapeutic management. This case highlights the complexity involved in establishing diagnosis when presentation is atypical. In certain cases diagnosis cannot be established based on clinical presentation or biopsy findings alone, and critical analysis of biopsy findings in context of clinical presentation is crucial to guide the clinical decision-making process.Case presentation: A 47-year-old Hispanic male with history of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA in remission on azathioprine, presented with fatigue and lethargy. Physical examination was unremarkable. Laboratory data revealed elevated creatinine and otherwise normal electrolytes. Urinalysis showed numerous dysmorphic red blood cells with few red cell casts. His serologic results were all negative except anti-proteinase-3 antibody at very low titers. Kidney biopsy showed necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis with linear immunoglobulin G staining along the basement membrane.Conclusion: This case presented conflicting serologic and histopathologic findings. The presence of anti-proteinase-3 antibody supported diagnosis of recurrence of GPA. However, linear staining of immunoglobulin G (IgG on immunofluorescence (IF staining of renal biopsy supported anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM disease. The treatment of anti-GBM disease and GPA both involve immunosuppression with prednisone and cyclophosphamide. However, patients with anti-GBM disease are also treated with plasmapheresis early in the disease presentation to prevent further damage. The patient with GPA, on the other hand, was shown to benefit from plasmapheresis only in the case of severe renal disease (serum creatinine level more than 5 mg/dL or

  15. Treatment of relapsing Clostridium difficile infection using fecal microbiota transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pathak R

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Rahul Pathak,1 Hill Ambrose Enuh,1 Anish Patel,1 Prasanna Wickremesinghe21Department of Internal Medicine, New York Medical College, Internal Medicine Program at Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, NY, USA; 2Department of Gastrointestinal Medicine, New York Medical College, Internal Medicine Program at Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, NY, USABackground: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI has become a global concern over the last decade. In the United States, CDI escalated in incidence from 1996 to 2005 from 31 to 64/100,000. In 2010, there were 500,000 cases of CDI with an estimated mortality up to 20,000 cases a year. The significance of this problem is evident from the hospital costs of over 3 billion dollars annually. Fecal microbiota transplant (FMT was first described in 1958 and since then about 500 cases have been published in literature in various small series and case reports. This procedure has been reported mainly from centers outside of the United States and acceptance of the practice has been difficult. Recently the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA labeled FMT as a biological drug; as a result, guidelines will soon be required to help establish it as a mainstream treatment. More US experience needs to be reported to popularize this procedure here and form guidelines.Method: We did a retrospective review of our series of patients with relapsing CDI who were treated with FMT over a 3-year period. We present our experience with FMT at a community hospital as a retrospective review and describe our procedure.Results: There were a total of 12 patients who underwent FMT for relapsing C. difficile. Only one patient failed to respond and required a second FMT. There were no complications associated with the transplant and all patients had resolution of symptoms within 48 hours of FMT.Conclusion: FMT is a cheap, easily available, effective therapy for recurrent CDI; it can be safely performed in a

  16. La senda revolucionaria del liberalismo doceañista en España y México, 1820-1824

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frasquet, Ivana

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available In this work we study the significance of the doceañista liberalism in the transformation of the Spanish monarchy, and in the construction of the Mexican State-nation from 1821. For that purpose, from the historical methodology we discuss the idea of «doceañista liberalism» while at the same time focusing on the relevance it acquired in the debates of the Mexican constituent Congress of 1822.

    En este estudio intentamos abordar la significación del liberalismo doceañista en la transformación de la monarquía hispánica y su trascendencia en la construcción del Estado-nación mexicano a partir de 1821. Para ello interpretamos desde la metodología histórica la noción de «liberalismo doceañista» al tiempo que argumentamos su importancia en los debates del congreso constituyente mexicano de 1822.

  17. Study Design and Results of a Population-Based Study on Perceived Stress Following Hurricane Sandy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Rebecca; Liu, Bian; Sison, Cristina; Kerath, Samantha M; Breil, Trista; Murphy, Lisa; Taioli, Emanuela

    2016-06-01

    Hurricane Sandy was one of the deadliest storms in US history, with at least 162 deaths and numerous injuries. This research aimed to quantify the impact of Hurricane Sandy on the New York metropolitan area. The project included 601 volunteers aged at least 18 years who were recruited in Nassau, Suffolk, Queens, and Richmond counties and Staten Island between 2013 and 2014 through close partnerships with coalition community leaders. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire on demographics and behavioral factors and a 35-point check off list on hurricane exposure. Perceived stress was assessed by using the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Participants had a mean stress score of 15.6 (SD=7.3; vs general population mean of 13.0), with 30.14% of the sample categorized as "high stress" (mean≥20). In the multivariable regression analysis, age was significantly negatively associated with PSS score. A reported history of mental health issues, Hispanic ethnicity, and overall exposure to Hurricane Sandy were statistically significantly associated with PSS score in a positive direction. Perceived stress was high in areas affected by Hurricane Sandy and was significantly associated with individual hurricane exposure. This study is a first step toward defining what segments of the population are more vulnerable and informing intervention and emergency preparedness efforts. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2015;10:325-332).

  18. Identification of putative new Escherichia coli flagellar antigens from human origin using serology, PCR-RFlP and DNA sequencing methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique Ribeiro Tiba

    Full Text Available Escherichia coli has been isolated frequently, showing flagellar antigens that are not recognized by any of the 53 antisera, provided by the most important reference center of E. coli, The International Escherichia and Klebsiella Center (WHO of the Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark. The objective of this study was to characterize flagellar antigens of E. coli that express non-typeable H antigens. The methods used were serology, PCR-RFLP and DNA sequencing. This characterization was performed by gene amplification of the fliC (flagellin protein by polymerase chain reaction in all 53 standards E.coli strains for the H antigens and 20 E. coli strains for which the H antigen was untypeable. The amplicons were digested by restriction enzymes, and different restriction enzyme profiles were observed. Anti-sera were produced in rabbits, for the non-typeable strains, and agglutination tests were carried out. In conclusion,the results showed that although non-typeable and typable H antigens strains had similar flagellar antigens, the two types of strains were distinct in terms of nucleotide sequence, and did not phenotypically react with the standard antiserum, as expected. Thirteen strains had been characterized as likely putative new H antigen using PCR-RFLP techniques, DNA sequencing and/or serology.

  19. Pandemic H1N1 2009 virus in Danish pigs: Diagnosis and lack of surveillance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lars Erik; Nielsen, L. P.; Breum, Solvej Østergaard

    in swine with a genetic profile similar to older circulating strains implied a challenge for the veterinary diagnostic laboratories. We report the development, validation and implementation of a diagnostic strategy for specific diagnosis of H1N1v in pigs and the results of tests of pigs performed...... likely would recognize the H1N1v virus and this was further confirmed in the laboratory by test of samples from pvH1N1 infected humans. However, these assays could not discriminate between the typical circulating strains and the H1N1v subtype. For specific detection of the H1N1v subtype, an rRT-PCR assay...... targeting the HA gene developed at the Staten Serum Institute for diagnosis of H1N1v in humans was validated for use on pig specimens. In silico analysis showed that the probe and primers had 100% identity to published H1N1v strains and 80- 95% identity to classical-swine H1N1 which do not circulate...

  20. E+A Galaxy Properties and Post-Starburst Galaxy Evolution Data through SDSS-IV MaNGA and Illustris: A Co-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojanen, Winonah; Dudley, Raymond; Edwards, Kay; Gonzalez, Andrea; Johnson, Amalya; Kerrison, Nicole; Marinelli, Mariarosa; Melchert, Nancy; Liu, Charles; Sloan Collaboration, SDSS-IV MaNGA

    2018-01-01

    E+A galaxies (Elliptical + A-type stars) are post-starburst galaxies that have experienced a sudden quenching phase. Using previous research methods, 39 candidates out of 2,812 galaxies observed, or 1.4%, were selected from the SDSS-IV MaNGA survey. We then identified morphological characteristics of the 39 galaxies including stellar kinematics, Gini coefficient, gas density and distribution and stellar ages. To study the origin of how E+A galaxies evolved to their present state, galaxy simulation data from the Illustris simulation was utilized to identify similar quenched post-starburst candidates. Seven post-starburst candidates were identified through star formation rate histories of Illustris simulated galaxies. The evolution of these galaxies is studied from 0 to 13.8 billion years ago to identify what caused the starburst and quenching of the Illustris candidates. Similar morphological characteristics of Illustris post-starburst candidates are pulled from before, during, and post-starburst and compared to the same morphological characteristics of the E+A galaxies from SDSS-IV MaNGA. The characteristics and properties of the Illustris galaxies are used to identify the possible evolutionary histories of the observed E+A galaxies. This work was supported by grants AST-1460860 from the National Science Foundation and SDSS FAST/SSP-483 from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to the CUNY College of Staten Island.

  1. Spectrophotometric Properties of E+A Galaxies in SDSS-IV MaNGA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinelli, Mariarosa; Dudley, Raymond; Edwards, Kay; Gonzalez, Andrea; Johnson, Amalya; Kerrison, Nicole; Melchert, Nancy; Ojanen, Winonah; Weaver, Olivia; Liu, Charles; SDSS-IV MaNGA

    2018-01-01

    Quenched post-starburst galaxies, or E+A galaxies, represent a unique and informative phase in the evolution of galaxies. We used a qualitative rubric-based methodology, informed by the literature, to manually select galaxies from the SDSS-IV IFU survey Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory (MaNGA) using the single-fiber spectra from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 8. Of the 2,812 galaxies observed so far in MaNGA, we found 39 galaxies meeting our criteria for E+A classification. Spectral energy distributions of these 39 galaxies from the far-UV to the mid-infrared demonstrate a heterogeneity in our sample emerging in the infrared, indicating many distinct paths to visually similar optical spectra. We used SDSS-IV MaNGA Pipe3D data products to analyze stellar population ages, and found that 34 galaxies exhibited stellar populations that were older at 1 effective radius than at the center of the galaxy. Given that our sample was manually chosen based on E+A markers in the single-fiber spectra aimed at the center of each galaxy, our E+A galaxies may have only experienced their significant starbursts in the central region, with a disk of quenched or quenching material further outward. This work was supported by grants AST-1460860 from the National Science Foundation and SDSS FAST/SSP-483 from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to the CUNY College of Staten Island.

  2. Retrieving moisture profiles from precipitable water measurements using a variational data assimilation approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guo, Y.R.; Zou, X.; Kuo, Y.H. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

    1996-04-01

    Atmospheric moisture distribution is directly related to the formation of clouds and precipitation and affects the atmospheric radiation and climate. Currently, several remote sensing systems can measure precipitable water (PW) with fairly high accuracy. As part of the development of an Integrated Data Assimilation and Sounding System in support of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program, retrieving the 3-D water vapor fields from PW measurements is an important problem. A new four dimensional variational (4DVAR) data assimilation system based on the Penn State/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) mesoscale model (MM5) has been developed by Zou et al. (1995) with the adjoint technique. In this study, we used this 4DVAR system to retrieve the moisture profiles. Because we do not have a set of real observed PW measurements now, the special soundings collected during the Severe Environmental Storm and Mesoscale Experiment (SESAME) in 1979 were used to simulate a set of PW measurements, which were then assimilated into the 4DVAR system. The accuracy of the derived water vapor fields was assessed by direct comparison with the detailed specific humidity soundings. The impact of PW assimilation on precipitation forecast was examined by conducting a series of model forecast experiments started from the different initial conditions with or without data assimilation.

  3. TRUMP’S ELECTED SHOCK EFFECT IN INDONESIAN STOCK MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vietha Devia Sagita

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available It is inevitable that the presidential election in the United States can caused stock market fluctuations both in the United States alone as well as in other countries, for example Indonesia. Using regression method and chow test this study aimed at the effects before and after the election of Donald Trump as president of the United States on November 8, 2016. Using the data series shares the value of DJIA and ICI, this study analyzes the emergence of shock due to the change of president in United Staten share prices at the stock market in Indonesia. Based on the chow test result, the election of Donald Trump can provide a shock effect on ICI as well as DJIA, because the value of 6.917956 F count is larger than the value of 3,93 F table. DJIA positive influence on the value of ICI shares due to the election of Donald Trump is significantly below 5% at 1855.782. Meanwhile, before the election of Donald Trump DJIA has a negative influence on the ICI for - 1407.59. Based on that we can conclude that the election of Donald Trump bring a good impact on the growth of the Indonesian stock market.

  4. Monitoring internal training load and salivary immune-endocrine responses during an annual judo training periodization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostinho, Marcus F; Moreira, Alexandre; Julio, Ursula F; Marcolino, Gilvan S; Antunes, Barbara M M; Lira, Fabio S; Franchini, Emerson

    2017-02-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the internal training load (TL), IgA, and salivary steroid hormone responses in elite youth judo athletes during an entire annual training periodization. Ten male judo athletes (18±2 years, 72.3±12.3 kg, and 175±6 cm) competing at a state/national level were examined for the TL and salivary imune-endocrine responses variations over an annual judo season, divided in three macrocyles composed by distinct periods denominated preparatory period (PP), competitive period (CP) and transition period (TP). At the end of PP and CP, saliva samples were collected to determine cortisol, testosterone and IgA concentrations. Throughout PP and CP the session-rating of perceived exertion and the total duration of each session were monitored, allowing the internal TL and weekly training strain (TS) calculation. During all macrocycles, significant decreases in TL and TS were observed during CP compared with PP ( P 0.05). Specific variations were observed comparing periods with similar characteristics throughout the macrocycles as higher TL and TS (PP1 to PP2 and PP3, P internal TL variations over an annual multipeak traditional periodization did not influence the resting mucosal immune-endocrinal responses in young judo athletes.

  5. Monitoring internal training load and salivary immune-endocrine responses during an annual judo training periodization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostinho, Marcus F.; Moreira, Alexandre; Julio, Ursula F.; Marcolino, Gilvan S.; Antunes, Barbara M. M.; Lira, Fabio S.; Franchini, Emerson

    2017-01-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the internal training load (TL), IgA, and salivary steroid hormone responses in elite youth judo athletes during an entire annual training periodization. Ten male judo athletes (18±2 years, 72.3±12.3 kg, and 175±6 cm) competing at a state/national level were examined for the TL and salivary imune-endocrine responses variations over an annual judo season, divided in three macrocyles composed by distinct periods denominated preparatory period (PP), competitive period (CP) and transition period (TP). At the end of PP and CP, saliva samples were collected to determine cortisol, testosterone and IgA concentrations. Throughout PP and CP the session-rating of perceived exertion and the total duration of each session were monitored, allowing the internal TL and weekly training strain (TS) calculation. During all macrocycles, significant decreases in TL and TS were observed during CP compared with PP (P0.05). Specific variations were observed comparing periods with similar characteristics throughout the macrocycles as higher TL and TS (PP1 to PP2 and PP3, P<0.05), increased testosterone (CP1 to CP3, P=0.024) and decreased testosterone-cortisol ratio (PP1 to PP2, P=0.005). The present findings suggest that the internal TL variations over an annual multipeak traditional periodization did not influence the resting mucosal immune-endocrinal responses in young judo athletes. PMID:28349036

  6. Real-Time WGS-based Typing of VTEC Isolates for Surveillance and Outbreak Detection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Joensen, Katrine Grimstrup; Hasman, Henrik; Scheutz, F.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Fast and accurate typing of foodborne pathogens is essential for effective surveillance and the ability to detect and prevent outbreaks. Current routine typing is based on a variety of different typing techniques, making the complete typing procedure laborious, time-consuming and expe......Objectives: Fast and accurate typing of foodborne pathogens is essential for effective surveillance and the ability to detect and prevent outbreaks. Current routine typing is based on a variety of different typing techniques, making the complete typing procedure laborious, time......-consuming and expensive. With whole-genome sequencing (WGS) becoming continuously cheaper and more available, it has huge potential in both diagnostics and routine surveillance. The aim of this study was to evaluate WGS-based typing, in a real-time setup, for routine typing and surveillance of verocytotoxin-producing E.......coli (VTEC) infections. Methods: As part of the routine surveillance in Denmark, suspected VTEC isolates are sent to Statens Serum Institut (SSI) for phenotypic and molecular characterisation by a range of methods. During 7 weeks in the fall 2012, the isolates were simultaneously subjected to WGS using...

  7. An evaluation of voluntary 2-dose varicella vaccination coverage in New York City public schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doll, Margaret K; Rosen, Jennifer B; Bialek, Stephanie R; Szeto, Hiram; Zimmerman, Christopher M

    2015-05-01

    We assessed coverage for 2-dose varicella vaccination, which is not required for school entry, among New York City public school students and examined characteristics associated with receipt of 2 doses. We measured receipt of either at least 1 or 2 doses of varicella vaccine among students aged 4 years and older in a sample of 336 public schools (n = 223 864 students) during the 2010 to 2011 school year. Data came from merged student vaccination records from 2 administrative data systems. We conducted multivariable regression to assess associations of age, gender, race/ethnicity, and school location with 2-dose prevalence. Coverage with at least 1 varicella dose was 96.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 96.2%, 96.3%); coverage with at least 2 doses was 64.8% (95% CI = 64.6%, 64.9%). Increasing student age, non-Hispanic White race/ethnicity, and attendance at school in Staten Island were associated with lower 2-dose coverage. A 2-dose varicella vaccine requirement for school entry would likely improve 2-dose coverage, eliminate coverage disparities, and prevent disease.

  8. Sygemeldte og førtidspensionister med handicap: Jobcentermedarbejderes perspektiver på jobcentrenes indsats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgelund, Jan; Tørslev, Mette Kirstine; Weibel, Kristina

    personer. Gennem de interviewede jobcentermedarbejderes fortællinger opnås et indblik i hvilke udfordringer og hvilket potentiale der er forbundet med bestræbelserne på at fremme beskæftigelsen blandt sygedagpengemodtagere og førtidspensionister med handicap. Samtidig giver medarbejderne nogle bud på, hvad......Denne rapport belyser udvalgte jobcentermedarbejderes syn på beskæftigelsesindsatsen over for sygedagpengemodtagere og førtidspensionister med handicap. Rapporten bygger på kvalitative interviews med medarbejdere og ledelsesrepræsentanter i tre jobcentre. Der er gennemført interview med i alt 12...... for refusion fra staten. Ifølge de interviewede medarbejdere betyder det, at indsatsen over for bl.a. førtidspensionister med handicap nedprioriteres til fordel for indsatsen i sygedagpengesager. De peger også på, at det kan resultere i mindre fokus på kvalitet og faglighed. Undersøgelsen er finansieret af...

  9. Ella-V and technology usage technology usage in an english language and literacy acquisition validation randomized controlled trial study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roisin P. Corcoran

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the use of technology to provide virtual professional development (VPD for teachers and to conduct classroom observations in a study of English Language Learner (ELL instruction in grades K–3. The technology applications were part of a cluster randomized control trial (RCT design for a federally funded longitudinal validation study of a particular program, English Language and Literacy Acquisition-Validation, ELLA- V, to determine its degree of impact on English oral language/literacy, reading, and science across 63 randomly assigned urban, suburban, and rural schools (first year of implementation. ELLA-V also examines the impact of bimonthly VPD for treatment teachers compared to comparison group teachers on pedagogical skills, measured by sound observation instruments, and on student achievement, measured by state/national English language/literacy/reading tests and a national science test. This study features extensive technology use via virtual observations, bimonthly VPD, and randomly assigned treatment and control schools with students served in English as second language (ESL instructional time. The study design and methodology are discussed relativeto the specialized uses of technology and issues involving the evaluation of technology’s contribution to the intervention of interest and of the efficient, cost-effective execution of the study.

  10. A comprehensive assessment of mercury exposure in penguin populations throughout the Southern Hemisphere: Using trophic calculations to identify sources of population-level variation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brasso, Rebecka L; Chiaradia, André; Polito, Michael J; Raya Rey, Andrea; Emslie, Steven D

    2015-08-15

    The wide geographic distribution of penguins (Order Sphenisciformes) throughout the Southern Hemisphere provided a unique opportunity to use a single taxonomic group as biomonitors of mercury among geographically distinct marine ecosystems. Mercury concentrations were compared among ten species of penguins representing 26 geographically distinct breeding populations. Mercury concentrations were relatively low (⩽2.00ppm) in feathers from 18/26 populations considered. Population-level differences in trophic level explained variation in mercury concentrations among Little, King, and Gentoo penguin populations. However, Southern Rockhopper and Magellanic penguins breeding on Staten Island, Tierra del Fuego, had the highest mercury concentrations relative to their conspecifics despite foraging at a lower trophic level. The concurrent use of stable isotope and mercury data allowed us to document penguin populations at the greatest risk of exposure to harmful concentrations of mercury as a result of foraging at a high trophic level or in geographic 'hot spots' of mercury availability. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Shore cleaning after oil spills. A calculation model for resource and time consumption by restoration. Strandrensing etter oljesoel. En beregningsmodell for ressurs- og tidsforbruk ved opprensing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Danielsen, A.; Klokk, T.; Sandvik, J.; Scholten, B.; Seip, K.L.

    1985-06-11

    The report presents documentation of the background material for a shore cleaning model. With the model it is possible to calculate the value of one of three factors when two of them are known: 1) Desired cleaness after the action. 2) Resources: Personnel, machines and euipment. 3) Time for the action. A number of key data for the shore pollution is assumed to be known, such as oil sweapt ashore (degree of covering etc.. The model uses standardized values for oil amounts on different shore types). The model in use gives a list of oil amounts collected from different shore types in different action phases. Lists of uses resources (personnel, machines equipment), Action economy and action duration are also presented. The figures describing the shore restoration costs are based on experiences made mainly in Norway in shore cleaning actions after oil spills. The action at Helgeland after a Greek shipwreck (Deifovos) has been the main source. The shore cleaning methods discussed are mainly based on information obtained from a handbook of shore cleaning issued by Statens forurensningstilsyn (1983) (National Polution Control Authority). The information used for estimating damages to plant and animal life is basically taken from international literature since only few data concerning Norwegian conditions are available. The model is programmed in the data language VISTA. A documentation of the main structures is presented in the report. 40 tables, 6 drawings.

  12. Fregatter på Vestindiensejlads. Et studie af skibskonstruktion og ekvipering af fregatter til langfart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Christine Jørgensen

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Når de danske handelsskibe stævnede ud mod de dansk vestindiske øer, var de ikke altid alene. Især i perioder, hvor krige hærgede, måtte flådens fregatter yde beskyttelse mod kapere og andre nationers krigsskibe, så den indbringende handel kunne fortsætte. Det er netop disse fregatter, denne artikel vil sætte fokus på. Men ikke på deres sejladser over Atlanten og ikke på deres opgaver i de tropiske farvande. Længe før fregatterne overhovedet var klar til at sætte kursen mod kolonierne, var der blevet gjort mange tanker om skibenes konstruktion, stand, armering og ekvipering. Dette skete hos en kommission, der har efterladt sig en stor mængde kilder, der i dag kan fortælle os om alle de forberedelser, der skulle til, når en fregat skulle sendes på langfart. Konstruktionskommissionen stod for alle diskussioner og beslutninger vedrørende statens skibsbyggeri, og deres efterladte protokoller giver et spændende indblik i dette arbejde.

  13. Successful Treatment of Disseminated Bacillus Calmette-Guérin Disease in an HIV-Infected Child with a Linezolid-Containing Regimen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srđan Roglić

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Upon HIV infection diagnosis, an 8-month-old boy was transferred for evaluation of worsening respiratory distress requiring mechanical ventilation. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP was diagnosed; the boy also had a nonhealing ulcer at the site of vaccination with Statens Serum Institut (Danish strain Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG vaccine and associated axillary lymphadenopathy. PCP treatment resulted in weaning from mechanical ventilation. Antimycobacterial treatment was immediately attempted but was discontinued because of hepatotoxicity. Over several months, he developed splenic lesions and then disseminated skin and cystic bone lesions. M. bovis was repeatedly cultured from both skin and bone lesions despite various multidrug antimycobacterial regimens which included linezolid. Eventually, treatment with a regimen of rifabutin, isoniazid, ethambutol, and linezolid led to definitive cure. Clinicians should consider a linezolid-containing regimen for treatment of severe disseminated BCG infection, especially if other drug regimens have failed. Although drug toxicity is a particular concern for young children, this patient received linezolid for 13 months without serious toxicity. This case also highlights the need for universal screening among pregnant women to prevent vertical transmission of HIV. Finally, routine immunization with BCG vaccine at birth should be questioned in countries with low and declining burden of tuberculosis.

  14. In-Situ Real Time Measurements of Molten Glass Properties, Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert De Saro; Joe Craparo

    2007-12-16

    Energy Research Company (ERCo) of Staten Island, NY has developed a sensor capable of measuring in situ and in real time, both the elemental composition and the temperature of molten glass. A prototype sensor has been designed, constructed and tested in ERCo's laboratory. The sensor was used to collect atomic emission spectra from molten fiberglass via Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). From these spectra, we were able to readily identify all elements of interest (B, Si, Ca, Fe, Mg, Na, Sr, Al). The high signal-to-background signals achieved suggest that data from the sensor can be used to determine elemental concentrations, either through calibration curves or using ERCo's calibrationless method. ERCo's technology fits in well with DOE's Glass Industry Technology Roadmap which emphasizes the need for accurate process and feedstock sensors. Listed first under technological barriers to increased production efficiency is the 'Inability to accurately measure and control the production process'. A large-scale glass melting furnace, developed by SenCer Inc. of Penn Yan, NY was installed in ERCo's laboratory to ensure that a large enough quantity of glass could be melted and held at temperature in the presence of the water-cooled laser sensor without solidifying the glass.

  15. Dientamoeba fragilis in Denmark: epidemiological experience derived from four years of routine real-time PCR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Röser, D; Simonsen, J; Nielsen, H V; Stensvold, C R; Mølbak, K

    2013-10-01

    The intestinal protozoon Dientamoeba fragilis remains a clinical entity of dubious significance. While several previous studies address questions of epidemiology, only a handful have systematically employed and reported on the results from real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), the best currently available diagnostic modality, and the comparison of results from different studies is, therefore, difficult. Since 2007, Statens Serum Institut (Denmark) has utilised qPCR for D. fragilis as routine diagnostic work-up for intestinal parasitosis, testing more than 22,000 samples from 2008 through 2011, and the aim of this study was to report on the results and experiences gained in the process. We demonstrate a staggeringly high proportion (43%) of investigated patients positive for D. fragilis, ranging from 12 to 71% depending on age group, showing a bimodal age distribution peaking in children and adults of parental age, as well as a clear association between exposure to children and risk of D. fragilis infection. We discuss these findings in light of the pinworm egg vector hypothesis and substantiate further our knowledge of risk factors pertaining to D. fragilis carriage.

  16. Sammenligning av to blodprøver fra samme person analysert ved to laboratorier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aage Tverdal

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  INNLEDNINGEpidemiologiske undersøkelser av lipidnivået hosbefolkningen er helt avhengig av at analysemetodeneholder stabilt nivå over flere år. Dette er lettest å oppnåhvis man hele tiden benytter ett laboratorium, oghjerte-karundersøkelsene til Statens helseundersøkelserhar konsekvent benyttet Klinisk kjemisk avdeling,Ullevål sykehus. Ulike hensyn kan likevel tilsi at andrelaboratorier benyttes. Undersøkelsene til Universiteteti Tromsø som har har vært gjennomført fire ganger iperioden 1973-1995, har vært utført ved Kliniskkjemisk avdeling, Regionsykehuset i Tromsø. Helseundersøkelseni Nord-Trøndelag 1995-1997 harbenyttet Sentrallaboratoriet, Innherred sykehus. I dettearbeidet viser vi hvor store forskjellene blir hvisfeltlagene sender prøver fra samme person til ulikelaboratorier. Vi har undersøkt forskjellene mellomRegionsykehuset i Tromsø og Ullevål sykehus, ogmellom Innherred sykehus og Ullevål sykehus.

  17. Protecting Urban Health and Safety: Balancing Care and Harm in the Era of Mass Incarceration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaber, Nadia; Wright, Anthony

    2016-04-01

    This paper explores theoretical, spatial, and mediatized pathways through which policing poses harms to the health of marginalized communities in the urban USA, including analysis of two recent and widely publicized incidents of officer-involved killings in Ferguson, Missouri and Staten Island, New York. We examine the influence of the "broken windows" model in both policing and public health, revealing alternate institutional strategies for responding to urban disorder in the interests of the health and safety of the city. Drawing on ecosocial theory and medical anthropology, we consider the roles of the segregated built environment and historical experience in the embodiment of structural vulnerability with respect to police violence. We examine the recent shootings of Eric Garner and Michael Brown as the most visible, most circulated symbols of this complex and contradictory terrain, focusing on the pathways through which theories of causality authorize violent and/or caring intervention by the state. We show how police killings reveal an underlying and racialized association between disorder and deviance that becomes institutionalized and embodied through spatial and symbolic pathways. If public health workers and advocates are to play a role in responding to the call of the Black Lives Matter movement, it is important to understand the interpretations and translations of urban social life that circulate on the streets, in the media, in public policy, and in institutional practice.

  18. Using Six Sigma methodology to reduce patient transfer times from floor to critical-care beds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silich, Stephan J; Wetz, Robert V; Riebling, Nancy; Coleman, Christine; Khoueiry, Georges; Abi Rafeh, Nidal; Bagon, Emma; Szerszen, Anita

    2012-01-01

    In response to concerns regarding delays in transferring critically ill patients to intensive care units (ICU), a quality improvement project, using the Six Sigma process, was undertaken to correct issues leading to transfer delay. To test the efficacy of a Six Sigma intervention to reduce transfer time and establish a patient transfer process that would effectively enhance communication between hospital caregivers and improve the continuum of care for patients. The project was conducted at a 714-bed tertiary care hospital in Staten Island, New York. A Six Sigma multidisciplinary team was assembled to assess areas that needed improvement, manage the intervention, and analyze the results. The Six Sigma process identified eight key steps in the transfer of patients from general medical floors to critical care areas. Preintervention data and a root-cause analysis helped to establish the goal transfer-time limits of 3 h for any individual transfer and 90 min for the average of all transfers. The Six Sigma approach is a problem-solving methodology that resulted in almost a 60% reduction in patient transfer time from a general medical floor to a critical care area. The Six Sigma process is a feasible method for implementing healthcare related quality of care projects, especially those that are complex. © 2011 National Association for Healthcare Quality.

  19. ThermoEnergy Ammonia Recovery Process for Municipal and Agricultural Wastes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex G. Fassbender

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The Ammonia Recovery Process (ARP is an award-winning, low-cost, environmentally responsible method of recovering nitrogen, in the form of ammonia, from various dilute waste streams and converting it into concentrated ammonium sulfate. The ThermoEnergy Biogas System utilizes the new chemisorption-based ARP to recover ammonia from anaerobically digested wastes. The process provides for optimal biogas production and significantly reduced nitrogen levels in the treated water discharge. Process flows for the ammonia recovery and ThermoEnergy biogas processes are presented and discussed. A comparison with other techniques such as biological nitrogen removal is made. The ARP technology uses reversible chemisorption and double salt crystal precipitation to recover and concentrate the ammonia. The ARP technology was successfully proven in a recent large-scale field demonstration at New York City’s Oakwood Beach Wastewater Treatment Plant, located on Staten Island. This project was a joint effort with Foster Wheeler Environmental Corporation, the Civil Engineering Research Foundation, and New York City Department of Environmental Protection. Independent validated plant data show that ARP consistently recovers up to 99.9% of the ammonia from the city’s centrate waste stream (derived from dewatering of sewage sludge, as ammonium sulfate. ARP technology can reduce the nitrogen (ammonia discharged daily into local bodies of water by municipalities, concentrated animal farming operations, and industry. Recent advances to ARP enhance its performance and economic competitiveness in comparison to stripping or ammonia destruction technologies.

  20. DE LA "EUROPA DE LAS REGIONES" A LA EUROPA CON LAS REGIONES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesáreo R. Aguilera de Prat

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author begins by analyzing the process of transformationtaking place within state-nations at the hands of the triple phenomenon ofglobalisation, Europeisation and regionalisation. The latter, furthermore, isclearly being affected by the first two and has generated a resurgence ofneo-regionalism. In regard to the influence of the European Union on theregions, the author denies that it is eroding ethnic-territorial identities andconsiders, on the other hand, that in view of the lack of a European demos,the key to the process of the construction of Europe lies in knowing how tocombine the extremely varied identities living together in Europe.From the point of view of the regions, on the other hand, the author pointsout the enormous number of different interests, factors which, among others,prevent them from being the main forces behind the construction of Europe,but not from making a contribution. It is not so much to speak of a Europeof regions as of a Europe with regions, all of which have their ownspace, as do the states, who will continue to be the main decision-makers.The author, finally, analyzes the role of sub-state nationalist parties, the limitsof the Committee of the Regions as a catalyst for regional interests, andthe weight and strategies of regions in Germany, Belgium and the UnitedKingdom.

  1. Adverse events following immunisation with bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination: baseline data to inform monitoring in Australia following introduction of new unregistered BCG vaccine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendry, Alexandra J; Dey, Aditi; Beard, Frank H; Khandaker, Gulam; Hill, Richard; Macartney, Kristine K

    2016-12-24

    In recent years there has been a global shortage of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine and, from September 2012, unregistered vaccines have needed to be used in Australia (a Danish product initially until the end of 2015, and a Polish product used in some jurisdictions from early 2016). We examined rates and types of adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) with BCG vaccine reported to the Therapeutic Goods Administration between 2009 and 2014 in children aged less than 7 years. Reporting rates of AEFI with BCG vaccine increased from 87 per 100,000 doses (registered Sanofi Pasteur product) in 2009 to 201 per 100,000 doses (unregistered Danish Statens Serum Institute product) in 2014, with Victoria having the highest rate each year. Substantial variation between jurisdictions exists, suggesting differential reporting of BCG vaccine doses administered and/or BCG vaccine-related AEFI. The most commonly reported reactions were abscess (31%), injection site reaction (27%) and lymphadenopathy/lymphadenitis (17%). This study provides baseline data on BCG vaccine safety to inform surveillance. Given the current use of unregistered vaccines in the context of vaccine supply issues, improved recording of both administered BCG vaccine doses and the reporting of BCG vaccine-related AEFI are required to facilitate close monitoring of vaccine safety.

  2. Group cohesion and coach leadership based on the competitive level of teams in the context of Paraná’s indoor soccer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Roberto Andrade do Nascimento Junior

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2013v15n1p89 The objective of the present study was to analyze the level of group cohesion and coach leadership style of five-a-side soccer teams from the state of Paraná. Participants consisted of 122 athletes of four teams competing at the National League and four teams competing at the Paraná State Championship in 2011, as well as eight coaches. The following instruments were used: the Group Environment Questionnaire, the Leadership Scale for Sports, and a semi-structured interview. Data analysis was performed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Cronbach’s alpha, Mann-Whitney “U” test (p < 0.05, and categorical analysis. The results demonstrated that the State Championship teams showed higher levels of group cohesion when compared to the National League teams; the coaches of the State Championship teams provided more instructions, reinforcement, and social support to athletes, in addition to showing a more democratic style when compared to the National League coaches – these characteristics were also found in the qualitative analysis. We concluded that the performance level (state/national of the five-a-side soccer teams had an influence on the cohesion level and coaches’ leadership style.

  3. Group cohesion and coach leadership based on the competitive level of teams in the context of Paraná’s indoor soccer. http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2013v15n1p89

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Roberto Andrade do Nascimento Junior

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to analyze the level of group cohesion and coach leadership style of five-a-side soccer teams from the state of Paraná. Participants consisted of 122 athletes of four teams competing at the National League and four teams competing at the Paraná State Championship in 2011, as well as eight coaches. The following instruments were used: the Group Environment Questionnaire, the Leadership Scale for Sports, and a semi-structured interview. Data analysis was performed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Cronbach’s alpha, Mann-Whitney “U” test (p < 0.05, and categorical analysis. The results demonstrated that the State Championship teams showed higher levels of group cohesion when compared to the National League teams; the coaches of the State Championship teams provided more instructions, reinforcement, and social support to athletes, in addition to showing a more democratic style when compared to the National League coaches – these characteristics were also found in the qualitative analysis. We concluded that the performance level (state/national of the five-a-side soccer teams had an influence on the cohesion level and coaches’ leadership style.

  4. Fra programflade til kontaktflade. Det "moderniserede" public-service koncept i DR´s TV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrik Søndergaard

    1992-08-01

    Full Text Available Danmarks Radio er en "public service" institution med, hvad dertil hører af forpligtigelser til alsidighed og mangfoldighed i programudbuddet. Sådan har det altid været. Loven blev ikke ændret på det punkt, da DR fik konkur- rence fra TV2. Alligevel har DR de seneste år "moderniseret" sit koncept for "public service" fjernsyn. I denne artikel analyserer Henrik Søndergaard ændringerne i DR´s pro- grampolitik. Blandt andet påpeger han, at en del af ændringerne bort fra en formynderisk paternalistisk holdning til seerne ikke så meget skyldes kon- kurrencen fra TV2 som frigørelsen fra staten og det politiske system. Prio- riteringen af programlægningen og interessen for sendeflader og målgrup- per er derimod en direkte følge af konkurrencen. Sidst i artiklen diskuteres konsekvenserne af denne fokusering på pro- gramkoncepter og målgrupper. Fører bruger-venligheden, hvor alle grup- per får, hvad de gerne vil have, ikke til et virkelighedstab? Bliver det ikke "tamt" fjernsyn?

  5. Turtelduer?: Medier, stat og politik i Central- og Østeuropa. Medieforandring i Central- og Østeuropa: Udvikling af en analysemodel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karol Jacubowicz

    1996-09-01

    Full Text Available Den polske medieforsker, Karol Jakubowicz, tager os med på en rundtur i de tidligere kommunistiske lande i Øst- og Centraleuropa. Hvordan går det med pressefriheden og mediernes løsrivelse fra staten? spørger han. Han opstiller følgende kriterier for frie medier: Differentiering, professiona- lisering af journalister, demonopolisering, decentralisering og en grad af demokratisering. Ifølge Jakubowicz er der en tæt sammenhæng mellem de politiske og økonomiske reformer, et land har gennemgået, og medier- nes frigørelsesproces. De tidligere kommunistiske lande grupperes efter, hvilket stade medieudviklingen er nået til og de politiske og økonomiske forhindringer for medieudviklingen opregnes. Den gennemgående tendens i det østeuropæiske medielandskab er "italienske tilstande", dvs. udbredt statslig kontrol med medierne, stærke partitilhørsforhold og integration mellem medier og den politiske elite, konkluderer Jakubowicz. Artiklen har før været publiceret i tidsskriftet Javnost/The Public.

  6. PANDA saves pedestrians from silent hybrid cars; PANDA redt voetgangers van stille hybride

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sattler, B. [Office for Science and Technology, Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Washington DC (United States)

    2008-07-15

    The popularity of hybrid cars in the United States is an example of how the application of a new technology can have unintentional negative consequences. The cars are so quiet that pedestrians hardly notice them. Especially (blind) pedestrians, trimmers, cyclists and children are at risk. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) sees this as a potential safety problem and wants research. A solution has already been suggested: PANDA, a system with speakers under the wheel spats that make motor sounds, or sound effects from Star Wars. [mk]. [Dutch] De populariteit van hybride auto's in de Verenigde Staten is een voorbeeld van hoe de toepassing van een nieuwe technologie onbedoelde negatieve consequenties met zich meebrengt. De auto's zijn namelijk te stil om door voetgangers opgemerkt te worden. Vooral (blinde) voetgangers, trimmers, fietsers en kinderen lopen risico's. De National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) ziet dit als een potentieel veiligheidsprobleem en wil onderzoek. Een oplossing is ook al voorgesteld: PANDA, een systeem met luidsprekers onder de wielkappen die motorgeluid maken, of geluidseffecten uit Star Wars.

  7. Comparing whole-genome sequencing with Sanger sequencing for spa typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartels, Mette Damkjær; Petersen, Andreas; Worning, Peder; Nielsen, Jesper Boye; Larner-Svensson, Hanna; Johansen, Helle Krogh; Andersen, Leif Percival; Jarløv, Jens Otto; Boye, Kit; Larsen, Anders Rhod; Westh, Henrik

    2014-12-01

    spa typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has traditionally been done by PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing of the spa repeat region. At Hvidovre Hospital, Denmark, whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of all MRSA isolates has been performed routinely since January 2013, and an in-house analysis pipeline determines the spa types. Due to national surveillance, all MRSA isolates are sent to Statens Serum Institut, where the spa type is determined by PCR and Sanger sequencing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the spa types obtained by 150-bp paired-end Illumina WGS. MRSA isolates from new MRSA patients in 2013 (n = 699) in the capital region of Denmark were included. We found a 97% agreement between spa types obtained by the two methods. All isolates achieved a spa type by both methods. Nineteen isolates differed in spa types by the two methods, in most cases due to the lack of 24-bp repeats in the whole-genome-sequenced isolates. These related but incorrect spa types should have no consequence in outbreak investigations, since all epidemiologically linked isolates, regardless of spa type, will be included in the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis. This will reveal the close relatedness of the spa types. In conclusion, our data show that WGS is a reliable method to determine the spa type of MRSA. Copyright © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  8. Salvage therapies in relapsed and/or refractory myeloma: what is current and what is the future?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thumallapally N

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Nishitha Thumallapally,1 Hana Yu,1 Divya Asti,1 Adarsh Vennepureddy,1 Terenig Terjanian2 1Department of Internal Medicine, 2Division of Hematology and Oncology, Staten Island University Hospital, New York, NY, USA Abstract: The treatment landscape for multiple myeloma (MM is evolving with our understanding of its pathophysiology. However, given the inevitable cohort heterogeneity in salvage therapy, response to treatment and overall prognoses tend to vary widely, making meaningful conclusions about treatment efficacy difficult to derive. Despite the hurdles in current research, progress is underway toward more targeted therapeutic approaches. Several new drugs with novel mechanism of action and less toxic profile have been developed in the past decade, with the potential for use as single agents or in synergy with other treatment modalities in MM therapy. As our discovery of these emerging therapies progresses, so too does our need to reshape our knowledge on knowing how to apply them. This review highlights some of the recent landmark changes in MM management with specific emphasis on salvage drugs available for relapsed and refractory MM and also discusses some of the upcoming cutting-edge therapies that are currently in various stages of clinical development. Keywords: multiple myeloma, novel drugs, relapsed and refractory myeloma, salvage chemotherapy 

  9. Woody plant roots fail to penetrate a clay-lined landfill: Managment implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, George R.; Handel, Steven N.

    1995-01-01

    In many locations, regulatory agencies do not permit tree planting above landfills that are sealed with a capping clay, because roots might penetrate the clay barrier and expose landfill contents to leaching. We find, however, no empirical or theoretical basis for this restriction, and instead hypothesize that plant roots of any kind are incapable of penetrating the dense clays used to seal landfills. As a test, we excavated 30 trees and shrubs, of 12 species, growing over a clay-lined municipal sanitary landfill on Staten Island, New York. The landfill had been closed for seven years, and featured a very shallow (10 to 30-cm) soil layer over a 45-cm layer of compacted grey marl (Woodbury series) clay. The test plants had invaded naturally from nearby forests. All plants examined—including trees as tall as 6 m—had extremely shallow root plates, with deformed tap roots that grew entirely above and parallel to the clay layer. Only occasional stubby feeder roots were found in the top 1 cm of clay, and in clay cracks at depths to 6 cm, indicating that the primary impediment to root growth was physical, although both clay and the overlying soil were highly acidic. These results, if confirmed by experimental research should lead to increased options for the end use of many closed sanitary landfills.

  10. High school science fair and research integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grinnell, Frederick; Dalley, Simon; Shepherd, Karen; Reisch, Joan

    2017-01-01

    Research misconduct has become an important matter of concern in the scientific community. The extent to which such behavior occurs early in science education has received little attention. In the current study, using the web-based data collection program REDCap, we obtained responses to an anonymous and voluntary survey about science fair from 65 high school students who recently competed in the Dallas Regional Science and Engineering Fair and from 237 STEM-track, post-high school students (undergraduates, 1st year medical students, and 1st year biomedical graduate students) doing research at UT Southwestern Medical Center. Of the post-high school students, 24% had competed in science fair during their high school education. Science fair experience was similar overall for the local cohort of Dallas regional students and the more diverse state/national cohort of post-high school students. Only one student out of 122 reported research misconduct, in his case making up the data. Unexpectedly, post-high school students who did not participate in science fair anticipated that carrying out science fair would be much more difficult than actually was the case, and 22% of the post-high school students anticipated that science fair participants would resort to research misconduct to overcome obstacles. No gender-based differences between students' science fair experiences or expectations were evident.

  11. Chiapas: ¿revolución, guerrilla, movimiento indio o reclamación de democracia, justicia y libertad?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro PÉREZ HERRERO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El artículo demuestra que los asuntos de Chiapas no son: a la causa de todos los males de México; b un problema anacrónico, heredado del pasado (ausencia de mestizaje; c un movimiento indio; d un levantamiento contra la modernidad; o d una agitación que trate de imitar la revolución de 1910; sino que representan un ejemplo dramático de la complejidad de sus tensiones internas, un hecho actual que nos descubre las contradicciones del modelo de desarrollo, del sistema político y del Estado- Nación.ABSTRACT: This article demonstrates that Chiapas affaires are not: a the cause of all the evils in Mexico; b an anachronistic problem inherited from the past (lack of half-breeding; c an indian movement; d a revolt against modernity; or e an agitation that tries to imitate the 1910 revolution; but that represent a dramatic example of the complexity of their internal tensions, a present affaire that shows us the contradictions of the development model, the political system and the State-Nation.

  12. Ole Søndergaards skriftdesign

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejlers, Steen Erik

    2005-01-01

    Grafikeren Ole Søndergaard (f. 1937) er oprindeligt uddannet som skiltemaler. Senere blev han elev af navnkundige skriftformgiver, Kunstakademiets første designprofessor, arkitekturen Gunnar Biilmann Petersen. I 1970'erne etablerede Ole Søndergaard, efter nogle år som medarbejder på Naur Klints...... tegnestue, egen tegnestue i Helsingør. Tegnestuen har i årenes løb stået for mangfoldige grafiske arbejder, hvor Ole Søndergaard ofte selv har tegnet de anvendte logo- og skilteskrifter. Skriftfamilien FF Signa, der fra 2000 er blevet udgivet på FontShop International, er Søndergaards første komplette...... digitale skriftfamilie - med mangfoldige anvendelsemuligheder. Forud ligger adskillige års arbejde, bl.a. støttet af Statens Kunstfond. Artiklen beskriver Biilmanns skole, Ole Søndergaards "før-digitale" alfabeter til bl.a. Helsingør Kommune og Knud Rasmussen-monumentet (på Strandvejen ved Klampenborg nord...

  13. Ethical challenges and lessons learned from Inuulluataarneq - "Having the Good Life" study: a community-based participatory research project in Greenland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rink, Elizabeth; Montgomery-Andersen, Ruth; Koch, Anders; Mulvad, Gert; Gesink, Dionne

    2013-04-01

    We present the ethical challenges and lessons learned over the course of a four-year community-based participatory research (CBPR) project conducted on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Greenland. Specifically discussed is Inuulluataarneq-the "Having the Good Life" study. Inuulluataarneq is an interdisciplinary international, collaborative CBPR study involving the University of Toronto in Canada, the Greenlandic Medical Research Council, the Centre for Primary Care in Nuuk, the University of Greenland, local health partners and communities in Greenland, the Statens Serum Institut in Denmark, and Montana State University in the United States. Inuulluataarneq is the first CBPR project implemented in Greenland. Ethical issues discussed are: (1) the complexity of working with multiple institutional review boards on an international health research project using a CBPR framework; (2) unexpected influences on health policy; and (3) the dynamic of balancing community decision making and practices with academic research requirements and expectations. Inuulluataarneq's primary contribution to understanding ethical issues when conducting research in the Arctic involves an acceptance of the time, patience, and dedication of researchers and community partners it takes to discuss, understand, and process differing ethical viewpoints and procedures.

  14. Predictive performance and inter-laboratory reproducibility in assessing eye irritation potential of water- and oil-soluble mixtures using the Short Time Exposure test method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abo, Takayuki; Hilberer, Allison; Behle-Wagner, Christine; Watanabe, Mika; Cameron, David; Kirst, Annette; Nukada, Yuko; Yuki, Takuo; Araki, Daisuke; Sakaguchi, Hitoshi; Itagaki, Hiroshi

    2018-01-04

    The Short Time Exposure (STE) test method is an alternative method for assessing eye irritation potential using Statens Seruminstitut Rabbit Cornea cells and has been adopted as test guideline 491 by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Its good predictive performance in identifying the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) No Category (NC) or Irritant Category has been demonstrated in evaluations of water-soluble substances, oil-soluble substances, and water-soluble mixtures. However, the predictive performance for oil-soluble mixtures was not evaluated. Twenty-four oil-soluble mixtures were evaluated using the STE test method. The GHS NC or Irritant Category of 22 oil-soluble mixtures were consistent with that of a Reconstructed human Cornea-like Epithelium (RhCE) test method. Inter-laboratory reproducibility was then confirmed using 20 water- and oil-soluble mixtures blind-coded. The concordance in GHS NC or Irritant Category among four laboratories was 90%-100%. In conclusion, the concordance in comparison with the results of RhCE test method using 24 oil-soluble mixtures and inter-laboratory reproducibility using 20 water- and oil-soluble mixtures blind-coded were good, indicating that the STE test method is a suitable alternative for predicting the eye irritation potential of both substances and mixtures. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  15. Fresh Kills leachate treatment and minimization study: Volume 2, Modeling, monitoring and evaluation. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fillos, J.; Khanbilvardi, R.

    1993-09-01

    The New York City Department of Sanitation is developing a comprehensive landfill leachate management plan for the Fresh Kills landfill, located on the western shore of Staten Island, New York. The 3000-acre facility, owned and operated by the City of New York, has been developed into four distinct mounds that correspond to areas designated as Sections 1/9, 2/8, 3/4 and 6/7. In developing a comprehensive leachate management plan, the estimating leachate flow rates is important in designing appropriate treatment alternatives to reduce the offsite migration that pollutes both surface water and groundwater resources.Estimating the leachate flow rates from Sections 1/9 and 6/7 was given priority using an available model, hydrologic evaluation of landfill performance (HELP), and a new model, flow investigation for landfill leachate (FILL). The field-scale analysis for leachate flow included data collection of the leachate mound-level from piezometers and monitoring wells installed on-site, for six months period. From the leachate mound-head contours and flow-gradients, Leachate flow rates were computed using Darcy`s Law.

  16. Remoção de cádmio a partir da argila de Toritama (estado de Pernambuco ativada termicamente em sistema de banho finito Removal of cadmium from thermally activated Toritama (Pernambuco state, Brazil clay under finite bath conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. L. P. Silva

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como objetivo caracterizar a argila de Toritama, estado de Pernambuco, na sua forma "in natura" após ativação térmica a 500 °C visando sua utilização na remoção de Cd2+. A argila "in natura" foi caracterizada por meio de espectrometria de raios X por energia dispersiva (EDX, difração de raios X e análise textural usando adsorção física de nitrogênio (BET. As argilas ativadas termicamente (100, 200, 300, 400 e 500 °C foram caracterizadas por difração de raios X. A argila ativada termicamente a 500 °C foi caracterizada por EDX e BET. A remoção do Cd2+ pela argila ativada termicamente foi realizada em sistema de banho finito. O tratamento térmico modificou levemente a área, como mostrou a análise de área de superfície específica, mas não modificou a distribuição de diâmetro de poros. Os dados experimentais para o sistema de banho finito se ajustaram aos modelos estudados, Langmuir e Freundlich; no entanto, o modelo de Freundlich foi mais satisfatório. O processo de remoção de cádmio em sistema de banho finito pela argila de Toritama ativada termicamente a 500 °C só atinge o equilíbrio depois de 120 min e apresenta um percentual de cerca de 86,8% de remoção de cádmio.The purpose of this study is to characterize the clay of Toritama (Pernambuco, Brazil, in its form "in nature", and also after thermal activation at 500 °C, aiming its use in the removal of Cd2+. The clay "in nature" was characterized byg X-ray spectrometry by dispersive energy (EDX, X-ray diffraction (XRD, and surface area measurement by physical adsorption of nitrogen (BET. The thermally activated clay (100, 200, 300, 400 e 500 °C was characterized by XRD. The thermally activated clay (500 °C was characterized by EDX and surface area measurement (BET. The removal of Cd2+ by the thermally activated clay was carried out in a finite bath system. The thermal treatment of the clays slightly modified their area but did not

  17. Revista de revistas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Facultad de Medicina Revista

    1943-05-01

    Full Text Available British Medical Information Service. 3, Hanover Street. London, w. 1. Autores: Robson, J. M,., Tebrich, W. Revista: British Medical Journal. Abreviación: Brit. Med. J. Tomo 1. Páginas 687-690. Fecha, 6/6/42. Penetración y distribución de sodio-sulfacetamida en  el  tejido ocular de los conejos / Autores: Henson, R. R., Russell, D. S. Revista: Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology. Abreviación: J. Path. Bact. Tomo 54. Páginas 227-234. Fecha: Abril, 1942. Leuco-encefalitis hemorragica aguda: historia de un caso / Autores: Whitby, r, E. H. Revista: Lancet. Tomo 1. Páginas 581-584. Fecha, 16/5/42. Riesgos de la transfusión /  Autores: Wíddowsou, E. M., l\\lcCance R. A. Revista: Lancet. Tomo 1. Páginas 588-590. Fecha 1615142. El recambio del hierro en los adultos con dietas de pan blanco y moreno /  Autores: Albert, M. Rlevista: Brltísh Medlcal Journal. Abreviación: Brit; Med. J. Tomo 1. Páginas 666-668. Fecha, 30/5/42. Calcificación de los discos intervertebrales /  Autores: Findlay, G. M. Revista: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine. Abreviación: Proc. royo Soco Med. Tomo 35. Páginas 157-160. Fecha, Diciembre, 1941. Investigaciones de laboratorio sobre tifus / Autores: Cheeseman, E. A. Revista: .Journal of Hygiene, Abreciación: J. Byg., Cambo Tomo 41. Páginas 463-472. Fecha, Diciembre, 1941. Comparación entre el riesgo profesional directo e indirecto en la mortalidad por tuberculosis pulmonar /  Autores: Simpson, K. Revlsta : Lancet. Tomo 1. Páginas 697-698. Fecha 13/6/42. Accidentes producidos por el aire durante la transfusión /  Autores: Young, J. Revista: .Iournal of Obstetric & Gynecology or the British Empíre. Abreviación: .J. Obstet. Gynaec. Brit. Emp. Tomo 49. Páginas 221-246. Fecha, Junio, 1942. El fenómeno eclampsico, y la isquemia placentaria /  Autores: Menzies, M. F. Revista : Lancet. Tomo 2. Páginas 35-38. Fecha: 11/7/42. Parto en el hospital o en el propio domicilio / Autores: Findlay

  18. The deglaciation of Central Scandinavia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faulkner, T. L.

    2009-12-01

    ökulhlaups), and Faulkner (2005) described six types of deglacial IDL, with hydrological flows initially into englacial conduits and Subglacial Reservoirs, and later into Subglacial Waterways that ran to the sea. The ice margin lost its sharp, morainal, definition as it retreated under the increasing influence of topography, and the IDLs reduced in size as the icesheet shrank into separate valley glaciers, which, in Norway, eventually became tidewater glaciers at the deglaciation marine limit. References: Andersen, BG and Karlsen, M. 1986. Glacial chronology - recession of the ice margin. 1:5000000. Nasjonalatlas for Norge. Kartblad 2.3.4. Statens kartverk. Bergstrøm, B. 1995. Elsfjord Kvartaergeologisk kart 1927 III-M 1:50,000, med beskrivelse. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. Faulkner, T. 2005. Cave inception and development in Caledonide metacarbonate rocks. PhD Thesis. University of Huddersfield, UK. 330pp. Grønlie, A. 1975. Geologien I Vefsnbygdene. Vefsn Bygdebok 1975 417-483. Mangerud, J. 1991. The Last Ice Age in Scandinavia. Striae. 34 15-30. Mörner, N-A. 1979. The Fennoscandian Uplift and Late Cenozoic Geodynamics: Geological Evidence. Geojournal 3 (3) 287-318. Sørensen, R, Bakkelid, S and Torp, B. Land Uplift. 1987. 1:5000000. Nasjonalatlas for Norge. Statens kartverk.

  19. Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli in Daycare—A 1-Year Dynamic Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hebbelstrup Jensen, Betina; Stensvold, Christen R.; Struve, Carsten; Olsen, Katharina E. P.; Scheutz, Flemming; Boisen, Nadia; Röser, Dennis; Andreassen, Bente U.; Nielsen, Henrik V.; Schønning, Kristian; Petersen, Andreas M.; Krogfelt, Karen A.

    2016-01-01

    Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) has been associated with persistent diarrhea, reduced growth acceleration, and failure to thrive in children living in developing countries and with childhood diarrhea in general in industrialized countries. The clinical implications of an EAEC carrier-status in children in industrialized countries warrants clarification. To investigate the pathological significance of an EAEC carrier-state in the industrialized countries, we designed a 1-year dynamic cohort study and performed follow-up every second month, where the study participants submitted a stool sample and answered a questionnaire regarding gastrointestinal symptoms and exposures. Exposures included foreign travel, consumption of antibiotics, and contact with a diseased animal. In the capital area of Denmark, a total of 179 children aged 0–6 years were followed in a cohort study, in the period between 2009 and 2013. This is the first investigation of the incidence and pathological significance of EAEC in Danish children attending daycare facilities. Conventional microbiological detection of enteric pathogens was performed at Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark, and at Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. Parents completed questionnaires regarding gastrointestinal symptoms. The EAEC strains were further characterized by serotyping, phylogenetic analysis, and susceptibility testing. EAEC was detected in 25 (14%) of the children during the observational period of 1 year. One or more gastrointestinal symptoms were reported from 56% of the EAEC-positive children. Diarrhea was reported in six (24%) of the EAEC positive children, but no cases of weight loss, and general failure to thrive were observed. The EAEC strains detected comprised a large number of different serotypes, confirming the genetic heterogeneity of this pathotype. EAEC was highly prevalent (n = 25, 14%) in Danish children in daycare centers and was accompanied by gastrointestinal symptoms in

  20. Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli in Daycare-A 1-Year Dynamic Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hebbelstrup Jensen, Betina; Stensvold, Christen R; Struve, Carsten; Olsen, Katharina E P; Scheutz, Flemming; Boisen, Nadia; Röser, Dennis; Andreassen, Bente U; Nielsen, Henrik V; Schønning, Kristian; Petersen, Andreas M; Krogfelt, Karen A

    2016-01-01

    Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) has been associated with persistent diarrhea, reduced growth acceleration, and failure to thrive in children living in developing countries and with childhood diarrhea in general in industrialized countries. The clinical implications of an EAEC carrier-status in children in industrialized countries warrants clarification. To investigate the pathological significance of an EAEC carrier-state in the industrialized countries, we designed a 1-year dynamic cohort study and performed follow-up every second month, where the study participants submitted a stool sample and answered a questionnaire regarding gastrointestinal symptoms and exposures. Exposures included foreign travel, consumption of antibiotics, and contact with a diseased animal. In the capital area of Denmark, a total of 179 children aged 0-6 years were followed in a cohort study, in the period between 2009 and 2013. This is the first investigation of the incidence and pathological significance of EAEC in Danish children attending daycare facilities. Conventional microbiological detection of enteric pathogens was performed at Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark, and at Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. Parents completed questionnaires regarding gastrointestinal symptoms. The EAEC strains were further characterized by serotyping, phylogenetic analysis, and susceptibility testing. EAEC was detected in 25 (14%) of the children during the observational period of 1 year. One or more gastrointestinal symptoms were reported from 56% of the EAEC-positive children. Diarrhea was reported in six (24%) of the EAEC positive children, but no cases of weight loss, and general failure to thrive were observed. The EAEC strains detected comprised a large number of different serotypes, confirming the genetic heterogeneity of this pathotype. EAEC was highly prevalent (n = 25, 14%) in Danish children in daycare centers and was accompanied by gastrointestinal symptoms in 56

  1. Energy contribution of sugar-sweetened beverage refills at fast-food restaurants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breck, Andrew; Cantor, Jonathan H; Elbel, Brian

    2017-09-01

    To identify demographic and consumer characteristics associated with refilling a soft drink at fast-food restaurants and the estimated energy content and volume of those refills. Logistic and linear regression with cross-sectional survey data. Data include fast-food restaurant receipts and consumer surveys collected from restaurants in New York City (all boroughs except Staten Island), and Newark and Jersey City, New Jersey, during 2013 and 2014. Fast-food restaurant customers (n 11795) from ninety-eight restaurants. Thirty per cent of fast-food customers ordered a refillable soft drink. Nine per cent of fast-food customers with a refillable soft drink reported refilling their beverage (3 % of entire sample). Odds of having a beverage refill were higher among respondents with a refillable soft drink at restaurants with a self-serve refill kiosk (adjusted OR (aOR)=7·37, PKFC (aOR=2·18, P<0·001) and Wendy's (aOR=0·41, P<0·001) customers had higher and lower odds, respectively, of obtaining a refill, compared with Burger King customers. Respondents from New Jersey (aOR=1·47, P<0·001) also had higher odds of refilling their beverage than New York City customers. Customers who got a refill obtained on average 29 more 'beverage ounces' (858 ml) and 250 more 'beverage calories' (1046 kJ) than customers who did not get a refill. Refilling a beverage was associated with having obtained more beverage calories and beverage ounces. Environmental cues, such as the placement and availability of self-serve beverage refills, may influence consumer beverage choice.

  2. Familial aggregation of tonsillectomy in early childhood and adolescence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bager P

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Peter Bager, Giulia Corn, Jan Wohlfahrt, Heather A Boyd, Bjarke Feenstra, Mads Melbye Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark Background: The tonsils are immunological gatekeepers against pathogens. Immunological response to tonsillitis may vary clinically from no enlargement of the tonsils to nearly obstructive conditions. In this investigation, we studied the familial aggregation of tonsillectomy, as an indicator of the extent to which tonsillar immune responses to infections might be genetically controlled. Methods: Data on kinship relations and vital status from the Danish Civil Registration System were used to establish a cohort of Danes with relatives born since 1977. Tonsillectomies in all hospitals and clinics from 1977 to 2013 were identified in national registers together with the indication for tonsillectomy. Rate ratios (RRs for tonsillectomy >1 year after tonsillectomy in specific types of relatives (first to fourth degree were estimated in Poisson regression models with adjustment for calendar period, sex, age, and total number of specified relatives. Results: A cohort of 2.4 million persons was followed for 44,100,697 million person-years (mean 18.4 years/person, and included 148,190 tonsillectomies. RRs of tonsillectomy were consistently higher when the relatedness and the number of tonsillectomized relatives were higher. RRs were similar in boys and girls, but were larger in early childhood. Additional analyses suggested that this relatively higher RR at younger ages was due to a larger influence of shared environment at younger ages, whereas the genetic influence was similar at all ages. Results were similar for tonsillectomies performed strictly due to tonsillitis. Conclusions: Genetic factors appear to predispose to severe tonsillitis underlying tonsillectomies, regardless of age and sex. Further studies are needed to understand how genes regulate the tonsils’ immune response

  3. Storm surge modeling of Superstorm Sandy in the New York City Metropolitan area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benimoff, A. I.; Blanton, B. O.; Dzedzits, E.; Fritz, W. J.; Kress, M.; Muzio, P.; Sela, L.

    2013-12-01

    Even though the New York/New Jersey area does not lie within the typical 'hurricane belt', recent events and the historical record indicate that large infrequent tropical storms have had direct hits on the region, with impacts being amplified due to the nearly right angle bend in the coastline. The recent plan unveiled by New York City's Mayor Bloomberg lays out mitigation strategies to protect the region's communities, infrastructure, and assets from future storms, and numerical simulation of storm surge and wave hazards driven by potential hurricanes plays a central role in developing and evaluating these strategies. To assist in local planning, recovery, and decision-making, we have used the tide, storm surge, and wind wave model ADCIRC+SWAN to simulate storm surge in one of the most populated areas of the United States: the New York City (NYC) metropolitan area. We have generated a new high-resolution triangular finite-element model grid for the region from recent USGS data as well as recent city topographic maps at 2-foot (0.6m) contour intervals, nautical charts, and details of shipping channels. Our hindcast simulations are compared against Superstorm Sandy. We used the City University of New York High Performance Computing Center's Cray XE6tm at the College of Staten Island for these simulations. Hindcasting and analysis of the Superstorm Sandy storm surge and waves indicates that our simulations produce a reasonable representation of actual events. The grid will be used in an ADCIRC-based forecasting system implementation for the region.

  4. Many and small or large and few? A comparison of the environmental effects of different strategies for the development of hydropower plants.; Mange og smaa eller store og faa? En sammenligning av miljoevirkningene ved ulike strategier for utvikling av vannkraft.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bakken, Tor Haakon; Sundt, Haakon; Ruud, Audun

    2012-11-01

    This study compared the cumulative environmental impact of 27 small hydro power plants to the environmental impact of an average of three large hydropower plants, which range from the small farms and the average of the major producing about as much energy. Based on the empirical basis used in this study are the environmental impacts of large hydropower fewer and less severe than the cumulative environmental impacts from the 27 small plants. The results are, however marginal in favor of big hydro power plants and suffers from uncertainties due to lack of precision in the raw data, limitations of the methodic of accumulating environmental effects of many small facilities and extensive use of discretion in the transition between the scientific description of the environmental impacts and impact classes (Statens Vegvesen, 2006). The input data in the study has primarily been published available environmental impact assessment (KU). The results must therefore be said to have limited power statement in order to draw general conclusions. The identified environmental effects are to some extent, different from the type and size, so that an individual valuation and political or administrative priorities will to a large extent determine the preferred strategy for the development of hydropower. From 2012 promoted the production stimulating action as a result of common certificate market with Sweden. Small hydro power plants has so far been a priority in Norway, but when Norway implements EU Water Framework Directive in all areas of precipitation, one should be aware of our findings, especially regarding the potential in expanding of existing hydropower plants. (auth)

  5. Modelling study of boundary-layer ozone over northern China - Part I: Ozone budget in summer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Guiqian; Zhu, Xiaowan; Xin, Jinyuan; Hu, Bo; Song, Tao; Sun, Yang; Zhang, Jinqiang; Wang, Lili; Cheng, Mengtian; Chao, Na; Kong, Lingbin; Li, Xin; Wang, Yuesi

    2017-05-01

    Regional photochemical pollution caused by ozone (O3) is serious in northern China during summer. In this study, we combined network observation data with the Fifth-Generation Pennsylvania State/National Centre for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model -Community Multiscale Air Quality (MM5-CMAQ) model system to simulate O3 and its precursors'concentrations over northern China in June 2008. Comparisons of the simulations and observations indicate that the model can accurately reproduce the temporal and spatial distributions of temperature, humidity, and wind as well as the evolution of O3 and its precursors over northern China. The monthly mean of the total oxidants (nitrogen dioxide + O3) at 15:00 LT exceeded 90 ppbv across the North China Plain, thereby indicating significant photochemical pollution in this area. Vertical diffusion is the main source of the near-ground O3, with contributions of more than 20 ppbv h- 1 in the urban areas. Dry deposition and chemical reactions are the main sinks for O3, with contributions of more than 20 ppbv h- 1 and 7 ppbv h- 1 in the forest and urban areas, respectively. Although vertical diffusion is the main source of near-ground O3, photochemical reactions dominate the O3 concentrations in the boundary layer because of the circulation between the lower and upper boundary layers. Considering that O3 is mainly produced in the upper boundary layer, both nitrogen oxide and volatile organic compounds should be controlled on the North China Plain. The results presented here are intended to provide guidance for redefining strategies to control photochemical pollution over northern China.

  6. Er konsum av melk og egg assosiert med risiko for kreft? Foreløpige resultater fra en prospektiv undersøkelse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grethe Albrektsen

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGSammenhenger mellom kreftinsidens og konsum av egg og melk er studert i en prospektiv undersøkelse avca. 50 000 personer i alderen 30-69 år. Kostholdsdataene ble samlet inn i forbindelse med andre runde avhjerte- og karundersøkelsene som ble gjennomført av Statens helseundersøkelser i Finnmark, Sogn ogFjordane og Oppland i perioden 1977-83. Gjennomsnittlig oppfølgingstid var 11,8 år. Omlag 2000 personerfikk en kreftdiagnose i løpet av oppfølgingsperioden. Insidensrate-ratioer er beregnet i en log-lineærPoissonregresjon basert på personår under risiko. Vi fant ingen sammenheng mellom total kreftinsidens ogkonsum av melk (glass pr. dag eller egg (antall pr. uke, men for spesifikke krefttyper observerte vi enkelteassosiasjoner. Det arbeides nå med mer detaljerte analyser og med internasjonal publisering av resultatene.Albrektsen G, Heuch I, Jacobsen BK, Kvåle G. Is milk and egg consumption associated with cancerrisk? Preliminary results from a prospective study. Nor J Epidemiol 1997; 7 (2: 205-208.ENGLISH SUMMARYAssociations between cancer incidence and consumption of milk and eggs were examined in a prospectivestudy of about 50,000 persons aged 30-69 years. The mean follow-up period was 11.8 years. About 2000persons were diagnosed with cancer during follow-up. Incidence rate ratios were calculated in a log-linearPoisson regression model of person-years at risk. No relations were found between overall cancer incidenceand consumption of milk (glasses per day or eggs (number per week, but some associations were observedfor specific sites. The analysis of the data is in progress and the results presented are preliminary.

  7. New national Biobank of The Danish Center for Strategic Research on Type 2 Diabetes (DD2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Henry; Nielsen, Jens Steen; Sørensen, Karina Meden; Melbye, Mads; Brandslund, Ivan

    2012-01-01

    Long-term storage of biological samples from patients has become increasingly important in studies of disease control and treatment. The first nationwide Danish diabetes project, ie, The Danish Center for Strategic Research in Type II Diabetes (DD2), aims to improve treatment and the long-term outcome of patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D). The DD2 project includes establishment of a biobank with samples from 50,000 patients with newly diagnosed T2D. This paper describes how blood and urine samples from 10,000 patients per year are collected, handled, and stored. The biobank includes whole blood, DNA, and plasma and urine samples, all frozen at −80°C. Sampling tubes have been standardized and are sent to hospital outpatient clinics and general practitioners where samples are taken, handled, aliquoted, and returned by mail overnight in standardized cryostorage tubes. When received at the biobank, samples are frozen without further treatment. From each patient, 24 cryostorage tubes are stored. Each tube is labeled with a barcode that links the data to other information available in a clinical databank registry. When patients are enrolled in DD2, a questionnaire is filled out and a quality monitoring system ensures that patients, samples, and questionnaires can be linked together at all times. The biobank is located at Vejle Hospital and the Danish National Biobank at Statens Serum Institut. As of the end of March 2012, samples from 1186 patients have been stored, and currently samples from 8–10 patients arrive per day. We have established the first national biobank in Denmark where blood, DNA, and plasma and urine samples from patients with newly diagnosed T2D are systematically collected and stored. This biobank enables sophisticated analysis of genetic variation and response to treatment, as well as disease marker studies that better classify disease status, progression, and complications. PMID:23071400

  8. Screening study for waste biomass to ethanol production facility using the Amoco process in New York State. Appendices to the final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    The final report evaluates the economic feasibility of locating biomass-to-ethanol waste conversion facilities in New York State. Part 1 of the study evaluates 74 potential sites in New York City and identifies two preferred sites on Staten Island, the Proctor and Gamble and the Arthur Kill sites for further consideration. Part 2 evaluates upstate New York and determines that four regions surrounding the urban centers of Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse provide suitable areas from which to select specific sites for further consideration. A conceptual design and economic viability evaluation were developed for a minimum-size facility capable of processing 500 tons per day (tpd) of biomass consisting of wood or paper, or a combination of the two for upstate regions. The facility would use Amoco`s biomass conversion technology and produce 49,000 gallons per day of ethanol and approximately 300 tpd of lignin solid by-product. For New York City, a 1,000-tpd processing facility was also evaluated to examine effects of economies of scale. The reports evaluate the feasibility of building a biomass conversion facility in terms of city and state economic, environmental, and community factors. Given the data obtained to date, including changing costs for feedstock and ethanol, the project is marginally attractive. A facility should be as large as possible and located in a New York State Economic Development Zone to take advantage of economic incentives. The facility should have on-site oxidation capabilities, which will make it more financially viable given the high cost of energy. This appendix to the final report provides supplemental material supporting the evaluations.

  9. Unintentional opioid overdose deaths in New York City, 2005-2010: a place-based approach to reduce risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegler, Anne; Tuazon, Ellenie; Bradley O'Brien, Daniella; Paone, Denise

    2014-05-01

    Drug poisoning is the leading cause of death from injuries in the United States. In New York City (NYC), unintentional drug poisoning death is the third leading cause of premature death, and opioids are the most commonly occurring class of drugs. Opioid overdose prevention efforts aim to decrease the number of people at risk for overdose and to decrease fatality rates among those using opioids by improving overdose response. These strategies can be enhanced with a comprehensive understanding of the settings in which overdoses occur. A cross-sectional analysis of unintentional opioid poisoning deaths in NYC from 2005 to 2010 (n=2649). Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify factors associated with settings of fatal opioid overdose. Three-quarters of the sample overdosed in a home; one-tenth in an institution, and the remaining in a public indoor setting, the outdoors or another non-home setting. Factors associated with overdosing at home include female gender, college degree, residence in the borough of Staten Island, and combined use of opioid analgesics and benzodiazepines. Factors associated with overdosing outside of the home include ages 35-64, residence in Manhattan, and use of heroin. The sample represents a near census of unintentional opioid overdose deaths in NYC during the study period, and allows for the identification of demographic and drug-using patterns by setting of overdose. Because most opioid overdoses occur inside the home, opioid overdose response programs can most efficiently address the epidemic by both reducing the risk of overdose in the home and targeting those who may be in the home at the time of an overdose for overdose response training. Approaches include minimizing risk of misuse and diversion through safe storage and safe disposal programs, physician education on prescribing of opioid analgesics and benzodiazepines, prescription of take-home naloxone, and Good Samaritan laws. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B

  10. Tobacco retail environment near housing programmes for patients with mental health conditions in New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Erin S; Vargas, Elizabeth A

    2017-08-30

    The current study sought to characterise the tobacco retail environment of supportive housing facilities for persons with mental health (MH) conditions in New York City (NYC) and to estimate the potential impact of a tobacco retail ban near public schools on the retail environment of MH housing in NYC. Texas A&M Geocoding Services was used to geocode the addresses of housing programmes for patients with MH conditions, non-MH residences, public schools and tobacco retailers in NYC. ESRI ArcMap was used to calculate the number of tobacco retailers within a 500-foot radius around each housing programme and school address point, and the Euclidean distance to the nearest retailer. Generalised linear models were used to compare retail counts and distance between MH and non-MH residences. The mean number of tobacco retailers within 500 feet of an MH housing programme was 2.9 (SD=2.3) and the mean distance to nearest tobacco retailer was 370.6 feet (SD=350.7). MH residences had more retailers within 500 feet and a shorter distance to the nearest retailer compared with non-MH residences in Brooklyn, the Bronx and Staten Island (pretail environment of MH housing programmes and reduce disparities between MH and non-MH residences in some boroughs. People with MH conditions residing in supportive housing in NYC encounter a heavy tobacco retail environment in close proximity to their home, and in some boroughs, one worse than non-MH residences. Implementing a ban on tobacco retail near public schools would improve the tobacco retail environment of MH housing programmes in NYC. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  11. Screening study for waste biomass to ethanol production facility using the Amoco process in New York State. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    This report evaluates the economic feasibility of locating biomass-to-ethanol waste conversion facilities in New York State. Part 1 of the study evaluates 74 potential sites in New York City and identifies two preferred sites on Staten, the Proctor Gamble and the Arthur Kill sites, for further consideration. Part 2 evaluates upstate New York and determines that four regions surrounding the urban centers of Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse provide suitable areas from which to select specific sites for further consideration. A separate Appendix provides supplemental material supporting the evaluations. A conceptual design and economic viability evaluation were developed for a minimum-size facility capable of processing 500 tons per day (tpd) of biomass consisting of wood or paper, or a combination of the two for upstate regions. The facility would use Amoco`s biomass conversion technology and produce 49,000 gallons per day of ethanol and approximately 300 tpd of lignin solid by-product. For New York City, a 1,000-tpd processing facility was also evaluated to examine effects of economies of scale. The reports evaluate the feasibility of building a biomass conversion facility in terms of city and state economic, environmental, and community factors. Given the data obtained to date, including changing costs for feedstock and ethanol, the project is marginally attractive. A facility should be as large as possible and located in a New York State Economic Development Zone to take advantage of economic incentives. The facility should have on-site oxidation capabilities, which will make it more financially viable given the high cost of energy. 26 figs., 121 tabs.

  12. Group B Streptococcal Colonization Among Pregnant Women in Delhi, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhary, Manu; Rench, Marcia A; Baker, Carol J; Singh, Pushpa; Hans, Charoo; Edwards, Morven S

    2017-07-01

    Little is known regarding maternal group B streptococcal (GBS) colonization prevalence and capsular (CPS) serotype distribution among pregnant women in India. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to determine GBS recto-vaginal colonization prevalence in pregnant women at Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital in Delhi, India. Literature review identified reports from India assessing GBS colonization prevalence in pregnant women. Rectal and vaginal swabs were inoculated into Strep B Carrot Broth (Hardy Diagnostics, Santa Maria, CA) and subcultured onto GBS Detect plates (Hardy Diagnostics, Santa Maria, CA). Isolates were serotyped using ImmuLex Strep-B latex kits (Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark). Thirteen studies were identified citing GBS colonization prevalence during pregnancy as 0.47%-16%. Among 300 pregnant women (mean age: 26.9 years; mean gestation: 34 weeks) enrolled (August 2015 to April 2016), GBS colonization prevalence was 15%. Fifteen percent of women had vaginal only, 29% had rectal only and 56% had both sites colonized. CPS types were Ia (13.3%), Ib (4.4%), II (20%), III (22.2%), V (20%) and VII (6.7%); 13.3% were nontypable. Fetal loss in a prior pregnancy at ≥20-weeks gestation was more common in colonized than noncolonized women (15.6% vs. 3.5%; P = 0.004). Employing recent census data for the birth cohort and estimating that 1%-2% of neonates born to colonized women develop early-onset disease, at least 39,000 cases of early-onset disease may occur yearly in India. Using optimal methods, 15% of third trimester pregnant women in India are GBS colonized. A multivalent vaccine containing 6 CPS types (Ia, Ib, II, III, V and VII) would encompass ~87% of GBS carried by pregnant women in India.

  13. Clinical, virological and immunological responses in Danish HIV patients receiving raltegravir as part of a salvage regimen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederik N Engsig

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Frederik N Engsig1, Jan Gerstoft1, Gitte Kronborg2, Carsten S Larsen3, Gitte Pedersen4, Anne M Audelin5, Louise B Jørgensen5, Niels Obel11Department of Infectious Diseases, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark; 2Department of Infectious Diseases, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark; 3Department of Infectious Diseases, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; 4Department of Infectious Diseases, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark; 5Department of Virology, Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, DenmarkBackground: Raltegravir is the first integrase inhibitor approved for treatment of HIV-infected patients harboring multiresistant viruses.Methods: From a Danish population-based nationwide cohort of HIV patients we identified the individuals who initiated a salvage regimen including raltegravir and a matched cohort of HIV-infected patients initiating HAART for the first time. We compared these two cohorts for virological suppression, gain in CD4 count, and time to first change of initial regimen.Results: We identified 32 raltegravir patients and 64 HIV patients who initiated HAART for the first time in the period 1 January 2006 to 1 July 2009. The virological and immunological responses in the raltegravir patients were comparable to those seen in the control cohort. No patients in the two cohorts died and no patients terminated raltegravir treatment in the observation period. Time to first change of initial regimen was considerably shorter for HAART-naïve patients.Conclusion: We conclude that salvage regimens including raltegravir have high effectiveness in the everyday clinical setting. The effectiveness of the regimens is comparable to that observed for patients initiating HAART for the first time. The risk of change in the salvage regimens after initiation of raltegravir is low.Keywords: HIV, raltegravir, salvage regime, efficacy, matched cohort

  14. Experience with monocomponent acellular pertussis combination vaccines for infants, children, adolescents and adults--a review of safety, immunogenicity, efficacy and effectiveness studies and 15 years of field experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thierry-Carstensen, Birgit; Dalby, Tine; Stevner, Michael A; Robbins, John B; Schneerson, Rachel; Trollfors, Birger

    2013-10-25

    Combination vaccines containing a monocomponent acellular pertussis (aP) vaccine, manufactured at Statens Serum Institut (SSI), Denmark, have successfully controlled Bordetella pertussis infections in Denmark since 1997. The efficacy of this aP vaccine was 71% in a double-blind, randomised and controlled clinical trial. Its safety and immunogenicity have been demonstrated in infants, children, adolescents and adults. In approximately 500,000 children it was effective against pertussis requiring hospitalisation (VE: 93% after 3 doses) and against pertussis not requiring hospitalisation (VE: 78% after 3 doses). IgG antibodies against pertussis toxin (IgG anti-PT) response rates after booster vaccination of adults with tetanus, diphtheria and aP combination vaccine (TdaP) were considerably higher for this monocomponent aP vaccine containing 20μg pertussis toxoid, inactivated by hydrogen peroxide (92.0%), than for two multicomponent aP vaccines inactivated by formaldehyde and/or glutaraldehyde: 3-component aP with 8μg pertussis toxoid (77.2%) and 5-component aP with 2.5μg pertussis toxoid (47.1%), without compromising the safety profile. In Denmark where this monocomponent aP vaccine has been the only pertussis vaccine in use for 15 years, there has been no pertussis epidemic since 2002 (population incidence 36 per 100,000), in contrast to neighbouring countries, where epidemics have occurred. This monocomponent aP vaccine can be used in combination vaccines for primary and booster vaccination against pertussis in all age groups and is an important tool for successful pertussis control. Copyright © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  15. Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome with extreme hydrophilia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enuh HA

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Hilary A Enuh,1 Julia Chin,1 Jay Nfonoyim21Department of Medicine, 2Critical Care Unit, Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, NY, USAAbstract: Marijuana is the most widely used recreational drug in the US. Hyperemetic hydrophilic syndrome is a previously described but infrequently recognized condition of cannabinoid abuse with hyperemesis and obsessive hot showering. We present a 47-year-old male known marijuana addict with intractable abdominal pain who could not wait for physical examination, meal, or medication, because of obsessive compulsive warm baths. He had a history of epilepsy and addiction to marijuana, which he took on the day of admission. He presented to the hospital with a seizure, complicated by nausea, vomiting, and severe abdominal pain. His examination was unremarkable, except for mild epigastric tenderness. His laboratory and radiological tests were within normal limits, except for a positive urine drug screen for marijuana and opiates. He took himself immediately to the bathroom and remained under a hot shower with the exception of two 15-minute breaks for the rest of the day. He stated that it made him feel better than medication. Receiving medication and even eating was a problem because of this compulsive showering. Abstinence from marijuana during the hospital stay made the patient's nausea and vomiting resolve significantly. Cannabinoid hyperemesis is a differential diagnosis among patients with intractable nausea, vomiting, and obsessive hot bathing. The syndrome is an unmistakable indication of marijuana addiction. A thorough history and observation is very valuable. Recognition of this entity will reduce unnecessary testing and utilization of health care resources.Keywords: cannabinoid, compulsive bathing, cyclic vomiting, hyperemesis, hydrophilia, marijuana

  16. Sociedad racional y educación: la génesis de la racionalidad educativa modernista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Miranda-Camacho

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to explore some aspects related to the origin of modern education rationality. The study is based on the analysis of different dimensions of the dialectical interaction historically established between the rational logic behind the structural changes of the capitalist society and the construction of the modern liberal education perspective. With the purpose of defining the keys to the process, the first section provides a brief reference to the foundations of the origin of rational thinking and those of modernity, which was caused by the secularization process suffered by the universe of the renaissance culture. In the second part we discuss some dimensions of illustrations and the encyclopedia as basic cultural and education projects in the rational organization of society in the XVIII century. The third section explores some dimensions of the connection between capitalist modernization and educational rationality through some of the main historical factors: the creation of State-nations, nationality and citizenship, the rationality of liberal capitalism, the universality and ethnocentrism of the elite culture, the instrumental reason and the view of progress as technical evolution. In addition, we highlight the State’s adoption of education as part of the construction of the public sphere by emphasizing the rational and legitimating role that lies at the basis of these historical processes. Finally, the fourth section analyzes how the creation of modern rationality takes on a historical view of social progress neglecting humanistic ethics. This process influences the emergence of an educational rationality based on the ideological justification of inequality and on a meritocratic view of the rational society, as Tourine has defined it (1993.

  17. Adverse reactions to the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine in new-born infants-an evaluation of the Danish strain 1331 SSI in a randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nissen, Thomas Nørrelykke; Birk, Nina Marie; Kjærgaard, Jesper; Thøstesen, Lisbeth Marianne; Pihl, Gitte Thybo; Hoffmann, Thomas; Jeppesen, Dorthe Lisbeth; Kofoed, Poul-Erik; Greisen, Gorm; Benn, Christine Stabell; Aaby, Peter; Pryds, Ole; Stensballe, Lone Graff

    2016-05-11

    To evaluate adverse reactions of the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Statens Serum Institut (SSI) (Danish strain 1331) used as intervention in a randomized clinical trial. A randomized clinical multicenter trial, The Danish Calmette Study, randomizing newborns to BCG or no intervention. Follow-up until 13 months of age. Pediatric and maternity wards at three Danish university hospitals. All women planning to give birth at the three study sites (n=16,521) during the recruitment period were invited to participate in the study. Four thousand one hundred and eighty four families consented to participate and 4262 children, gestational age 32 weeks and above, were randomized: 2129 to BCG vaccine and 2133 to no vaccine. None of the participants withdrew because of adverse reactions. Trial-registered adverse reactions after BCG vaccination at birth. Follow-up at 3 and 13 months by telephone interviews and clinical examinations. Among the 2118 BCG-vaccinated children we registered no cases of severe unexpected adverse reaction related to BCG vaccination and no cases of disseminated BCG disease. Two cases of regional lymphadenitis were hospitalized and thus classified as serious adverse reactions related to BCG. The most severe adverse reactions were 10 cases of suppurative lymphadenitis. This was nearly a fivefold increase compared to what was expected based on the summary of product characteristics of the vaccine. All cases were treated conservatively and recovered. Six of 10 (60%) families of children experiencing suppurative lymphadenitis compared to 117/2071 (6%) of those with no lymphadenitis indicated that the vaccine had more adverse effects than expected (p-value BCG vaccination was associated with only mild morbidity and no mortality. A higher incidence of suppurative lymphadenitis than expected was observed. All children were treated conservatively without sequelae or complications. Trial registration number NCT01694108 at www.clinicaltrials.gov. Copyright © 2016

  18. Infective endocarditis complicated by aortic graft infection and osteomyelitis: case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zouein E

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Elie Zouein,1 Robert Wetz,1 Neville Mobarakai,1 Samer Hassan,1 Iris Tong21Department of Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, New York, NY USA; 2Department of Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USAAbstract: Primary aortic graft infection early after aortic graft insertion is well described in the literature. Here, we present a unique case of late aortic graft infection 5 years after insertion secondary to mitral valve endocarditis, resulting from cellulitis in a patient with severe venous varicosities. A 63-year-old male presented for severe low back pain, constipation, and low-grade fever. An abdominal computed tomography scan with oral and intravenous contrast showed a normal spine and urinary tract. Blood and urine cultures, done at the same time, grew Staphylococcus aureus. A transesophageal echocardiogram confirmed the diagnosis of endocarditis. Subsequently, a gallium scan showed increased uptake in the vertebral bodies, aortic graft, left patella, and left ankle. After 3 months of antibiotic therapy, the patient's low back pain resolved with normalization of his laboratory values. He remained free of infection at a 2-year follow-up. We reviewed the literature concerning the atypical presentation of infective endocarditis, with a focus on distant metastases at initial presentation, such as osteomyelitis and aortic graft infection, as well as the different treatment modalities. This report describes successful medical treatment with intravenous followed by oral antibiotics for an infected endovascular graft without any surgical intervention.Keywords: endocarditis, osteomyelitis, aortic graft infection, septic emboli, endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR

  19. Children diagnosed with congenital cardiac malformations at the national university departments of pediatric cardiology: positive predictive values of data in the Danish National Patient Registry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Agergaard

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Peter Agergaard1, Anders Hebert2, Jesper Bjerre3, Karina Meden Sørensen4, Charlotte Olesen3, John Rosendal Østergaard31Department of Pediatrics, Viborg Hospital, Viborg, Denmark; 2Department of Pediatrics, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark; 3Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark; 4Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Immunology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, DenmarkIntroduction: The present study was conducted to establish the positive predictive value of congenital cardiac malformation diagnoses registered in the Danish National Patient Registry (NPR, thereby exploring whether the NPR can serve as a valid tool for epidemiologic studies of congenital cardiac malformations.Materials and methods: The study population comprised every individual born from 2000 to 2008 who was registered in the NPR with a congenital cardiac malformation diagnosis and treated at one of the two national departments of pediatric cardiology. Positive predictive values were established comparing NPR information with the clinical record of each individual.Results: A total of 2952 patients with a total of 3536 diagnoses were eligible for validation. Review of their clinical records unveiled no patient without cardiac malformation. In 98% (98%–99% of the cases, the NPR diagnosis could be found as the discharge diagnosis in the patient's clinical record, and in 90% (89%–91% of the cases the NPR diagnosis was considered a true reflection of the patient's actual malformation.Conclusions: Our study verifies that the present study population retrieved from the NPR is a valid tool for epidemiological research within the topic of congenital cardiac malformations, given that the research question is not dependent on a fully established sensitivity of the NPR. Precautions should be made regarding cardiac malformations characterized by low prevalence or poor predictive values, and the reported validity should not be

  20. Assessment and statistics of surgically induced astigmatism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naeser, Kristian

    2008-05-01

    The aim of the thesis was to develop methods for assessment of surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) in individual eyes, and in groups of eyes. The thesis is based on 12 peer-reviewed publications, published over a period of 16 years. In these publications older and contemporary literature was reviewed(1). A new method (the polar system) for analysis of SIA was developed. Multivariate statistical analysis of refractive data was described(2-4). Clinical validation studies were performed. The description of a cylinder surface with polar values and differential geometry was compared. The main results were: refractive data in the form of sphere, cylinder and axis may define an individual patient or data set, but are unsuited for mathematical and statistical analyses(1). The polar value system converts net astigmatisms to orthonormal components in dioptric space. A polar value is the difference in meridional power between two orthogonal meridians(5,6). Any pair of polar values, separated by an arch of 45 degrees, characterizes a net astigmatism completely(7). The two polar values represent the net curvital and net torsional power over the chosen meridian(8). The spherical component is described by the spherical equivalent power. Several clinical studies demonstrated the efficiency of multivariate statistical analysis of refractive data(4,9-11). Polar values and formal differential geometry describe astigmatic surfaces with similar concepts and mathematical functions(8). Other contemporary methods, such as Long's power matrix, Holladay's and Alpins' methods, Zernike(12) and Fourier analyses(8), are correlated to the polar value system. In conclusion, analysis of SIA should be performed with polar values or other contemporary component systems. The study was supported by Statens Sundhedsvidenskabeligt Forskningsråd, Cykelhandler P. Th. Rasmussen og Hustrus Mindelegat, Hotelejer Carl Larsen og Hustru Nicoline Larsens Mindelegat, Landsforeningen til Vaern om Synet

  1. Awareness and Attitudes Toward Intranasal Naloxone Rescue for Opioid Overdose Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirane, Harshal; Ketteringham, Michael; Bereket, Sewit; Dima, Richie; Basta, Ann; Mendoza, Sonia; Hansen, Helena

    2016-10-01

    Opioid overdose prevention is a pressing public health concern and intranasal naloxone rescue kits are a useful tool in preventing fatal overdose. We evaluated the attitudes, knowledge, and experiences of patients and providers related to overdose and naloxone rescue. Over a six month period, patients and providers within a large community hospital in Staten Island were recruited to complete tailored questionnaires for their respective groupings. 100 patients and 101 providers completed questionnaires between August, 2014 and January, 2015. Patient participants were primarily Caucasian males with a mean age of 37.7 years, of which 65% accurately identified naloxone for opioid overdose, but only 21% knew more specific clinical features. 68% of patients had previously witnessed a drug overdose. Notably, 58% of patients anticipated their behavior would change if provided access to an intranasal naloxone rescue kit, of which 83% predicted an increase in opioid use. Prior overdose was significantly correlated with anticipating no change in subsequent opioid use pattern (p=0.02). 99% of patients reported that their rapport with their health-care provider would be enhanced if offered an intranasal naloxone rescue kit. As for providers, 24% had completed naloxone rescue kit training, and 96% were able to properly identify its clinical application. 50% of providers felt naloxone access would decrease the likelihood of an overdose occurring, and 58% felt it would not contribute to high-risk behavior. Among providers, completion of naloxone training was correlated with increased awareness of where to access kits for patients (poverdose prevention. Patient-Provider discussion of overdose prevention enhances patients' rapport with providers. However, access to an intranasal naloxone rescue kit may make some patients more vulnerable to high-risk behavior. Future research efforts examining provider and patient beliefs and practices are needed to help develop and implement

  2. "RMP Evaluations, Course Easiness, and Grades: Are They Related?"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed A. Rizvi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the relationship between the student evaluations of the instructors at the RateMyProfessors.com (RMP website and the average grades awarded by those instructors. As of Spring 2012, the RMP site included evaluations of 538 full-and part-time instructors at the College of Staten Island (CSI. We selected the evaluations of the 419 instructors who taught at CSI for at least two semesters from Fall 2009 to Spring 2011 and had at least ten evaluations. This research indicates that there is a strong correlation between RMP's overall evaluation and easiness scores. However, the perceived easiness of an instructor/course does not always result in higher grades for students. Furthermore, we found that the instructors who received high overall evaluation and easiness scores (4.0 to 5.0 at the RMP site do not necessarily award high grades. This is a very important finding as it disputes the argument that instructors receive high evaluations because they are easy or award high grades. On the other hand, instructors of the courses that are perceived to be difficult (RMP easiness score of 3.0 or less are likely to be tough graders. However, instructors who received moderate overall evaluation and easiness scores (between 3.0 and 4.0 the RMP site had a high correlation between these scores and average grade awarded by those instructors. Finally, our research shows that the instructors in non-STEM disciplines award higher grades than the instructors in STEM disciplines. Non-STEM instructors also received higher overall evaluations than their STEM counterparts and non-STEM courses were perceived easier by the students than STEM courses.

  3. Determination of phenotypes and pneumococcal surface protein A family types of Streptococcus pneumoniae from Malaysian healthy children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yatim, Masura Mohd; Masri, Siti Norbaya; Desa, Mohd Nasir Mohd; Taib, Niazlin Mohd; Nordin, Syafinaz Amin; Jamal, Farida

    2013-06-01

    There is limited information about pneumococcal carriage among healthy children in Malaysia. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence rate, serotype distribution, susceptibility pattern, and pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) family types of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates in the nasal carriage of children 5 years old or younger in three day care centers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Nasal swabs were collected from 195 healthy children, age 5 years or younger, from June to December 2010. S pneumoniae was identified by phenotypic and genotypic methods. The serotyping was performed using Pneumotest kit (Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark) and the susceptibility pattern was determined by using the E-test method (AB Biodisk, Solna, Sweden). PspA family typing was done using polymerase chain reaction. S pneumoniae was found in the nasal carriage of 35.4% of children (69 of 195) and penicillin resistance was found in 23.2% (16 of 69). Among the 69 isolates, multidrug-resistant S pneumoniae (MDRSP) was present in 20.3%. All 16 penicillin-resistant S pneumoniae (PRSP) isolates were resistant to erythromycin and 14 PRSPs (87.5%) were resistant to co-trimoxazole. The six most common serotypes were 6A, 23F, 19A, 6B, 19F, and 15C, which were found in 87% of all isolates. Of the 69 isolates, 24.6% belonged to PspA family 1, 71.0% to PspA family 2, and 4.3% to PspA family 3. Twenty-eight of the isolates (40.6%) belonged to serotypes included in the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines (PCV) 7 and 10, whereas 48 (69.5%) were included in PCV13. The high rate of PRSP and MDRSP supports the need for continuing surveillance of pneumococcal carriage. The major PspA families were 1 and 2 (95.7%), thus making them suitable candidates for future vaccines. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  4. La crisis del orden neoliberal en Argentina y la respuesta antiglobalización contra el ALCA

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    Manuela Fernández Mayo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es una introducción al estudio económico de la crisis argentina de 2001. Encuadrando la interpretación de la misma dentro de un contexto internacional y latinoamericano del período. Los gobiernos argentinos siguieron al pie de la letra, las exigencias del “Consenso de Washington” y aplicaron todas las medidas de ajuste estructural dictadas por el FMI: liquidación de las empresas nacionales; destrucción de los servicios públicos; total apertura comercial (responsable de la ruina de miles de pequeñas y medianas empresas, etc. Los gobiernos democráticos, profundizaron la destrucción de este Estado-Nación y terminaron consolidando la construcción de la Argentina, como simplemente un "mercado", el “alumno modelo” del neoliberalismo resultó un modelo en todo: en el descaro del latrocinio y en sus efectos sociales. Tras el derrumbe del modelo neoliberal, se extienden las posturas antiglobalización, materializadas con éxito, en la oposición a la entrada en vigor del ALCA en 2005._____________________ABSTRACT:The present article is an introduction to the economic analysis of the Argentinian crisis of 2001, fitting this interpretation in the international and south american context of the period. The Argentine governments followed exactly the exigencies of the "Washington Consensus" and applied all the measures of structural adjustment dictated by the IMF: liquidation of national companies; destruction of public services; full commercial opening (responsible of the ruin of thousands of small and medium companies, etc. Democratic governments deepened the destruction of this State-Nation and ended up consolidating the construction of Argentina, just as a "market", the "exemplary pupil" of neoliberalism was taken as model in everything: in the impudence of thievery and its social effects. After the collapse of neoliberal model, antiglobalization extends to face the coming into force of the ALCA in 2005.

  5. Regional agricultural susceptibility to climate variability: A district level analysis of Maharashtra, India

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    Swami, D.; Parthasarathy, D.; Dave, P.

    2016-12-01

    Climate variability (CV) has adverse impact on crop production and inadequate research carried out to assess the impact of CV on crop production has aggravated the ability of farmers to adapt (Jones et al., 2000). A better understanding of CV is required to reduce the vulnerability of farmers towards existing and future CV. Further, a wide variation in policies related to climate change exists at global level and considering the state/nation as a single unit for policy formulations may lead to under-representation of regional problems. Hence, the present work chooses to focus on CVassessment at the regional/district level of Maharashtra state in India. Here, interannual variability of wet and dry spells from year 1951-2013, are used as a measure of CV. Statistical declining trend of wet spells for (12/34) districts was observed across all the districts of Maharashtra. Districts showing highest change in wet spell pre and post 1976/77 are Beed, Latur and Osmanabad belong to Central Maharashtra Plateau zone and Western Maharashtra scarcity zone. Dry spells for (8/34) districts were found to statistically increase across all the districts of Maharashtra. Washim, Yavatmal of Vidarbha zone; and Latur, Parbhani of Amravati division belonging to Central Maharashtra Plateau zone and Central Vidarbha zone are found to reflect the large variation in their behavior pre and post 1976/77. Findings reveal that districts from the same agro-climate zones respond differently to CV, indicating significant spatial heterogeneity within the region. Trend in monsoon variability was found to be prominent after 1976/77, suggesting an enhanced role of climate change on climate variability after 1977. It necessitates separate policy formulation related to CV and agriculture for each district to bring out the solution for regional issues (socio-political, farmers, agriculturalists, economical) more clearly. Further we have attempted to link agriculture vulnerability and crop sensitivity to

  6. En prospektiv undersøkelse av sammenhengen mellom kosthold og kreft blant middelaldrende kvinner og menn i Norge 1977-1992. Prosjektbeskrivelse

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    Marit Bragelien Veierød

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGI USA er det anslått at 30% av alle dødsfall som skyldes kreftsykdom kan tilskrives kosthold i voksen alder(inkludert kostholdets betydning for overvekt. 4 Fra Statens helseundersøkelser sine hjertekarundersøkelseri Finnmark, Sogn og Fjordane og Oppland i 1977-83, foreligger data om kosthold for vel50 000 menn og kvinner i alderen 16-56 år. Kopling mot Kreftregisteret og Statistisk sentralbyrå gir ossmulighet til å se nærmere på sammenhengen mellom kosthold og risiko for kreft i en kohortstudie medkomplett oppfølging med hensyn på forekomst av kreft, død og emigrasjon. I henhold til kontrakten ombruk av den koplete datafila, studerer vi i dette prosjektet sammenhengen mellom kosthold og risiko forkreft i magesekk, bukspyttkjertel, livmorhals, prostata, lunger og hud (malignt melanom. Den statistiskestyrken i epidemilogiske studier som denne, samt hvilken betydning målefeil i kostholdsvariablene har forrisikoestimatene og den statistiske styrken, blir også vurdert. Denne artikkelen gir en nærmere presentasjonav prosjektet og de metodene som benyttes.Veierød MB. A prospective study of diet and cancer in middle-aged women and men in Norway1977-1992. Project description. Nor J Epidemiol 1997; 7 (2: 201-204. ENGLISH SUMMARYThe relationship beteen dietary habits and the incidence of cancer is studied in 50,000 Norwegian men andwomen aged 16-56 years attending a Norwegian health screening in 1977-83. Linkage to the CancerRegistry of Norway and the Central Bureau of Statistics of Norway ensure a complete follow-up until 31December 1992. The cancer sites included in this project are the stomach, pancreas, cervix, prostate, lungand malignant melanoma. Diet was recorded on a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire at thetime of screening, and intake of energy and fats are estimated. The attenuation of effect estimates due tomeasurement errors in the dietary variables will be investigated, as well as the power of the

  7. First-in-human safety and immunogenicity investigations of three adjuvanted reduced dose inactivated poliovirus vaccines (IPV-Al SSI) compared to full dose IPV Vaccine SSI when given as a booster vaccination to adolescents with a history of IPV vaccination at 3, 5, 12months and 5years of age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindgren, Line M; Tingskov, Pernille N; Justesen, Annette H; Nedergaard, Bettina S; Olsen, Klaus J; Andreasen, Lars V; Kromann, Ingrid; Sørensen, Charlotte; Dietrich, Jes; Thierry-Carstensen, Birgit

    2017-01-23

    There is a demand of affordable IPV in the World. Statens Serum Institut (SSI) has developed three reduced dose IPV formulations adsorbed to aluminium hydroxide; 1/3 IPV-Al, 1/5 IPV-Al and 1/10 IPV-Al SSI, and now report the results of the first investigations in humans. 240 Danish adolescents, aged 10-15years, and childhood vaccinated with IPV were booster vaccinated with 1/3 IPV-Al, 1/5 IPV-Al, 1/10 IPV-Al or IPV Vaccine SSI. The booster effects (GMTRs) of the three IPV-Al SSI were compared to IPV Vaccine SSI, and evaluated for non-inferiority. The pre-vaccination GMTs were similar across the groups; 926 (type 1), 969 (type 2) and 846 (type 3) in the total trial population. The GMTRs by poliovirus type and IPV formulation were: Type 1: 17.0 (1/3 IPV-Al), 13.0 (1/5 IPV-Al), 7.1 (1/10 IPV-Al) and 42.2 (IPV Vaccine SSI). Type 2: 12.5 (1/3 IPV-Al), 13.1 (1/5 IPV-Al), 7.6 (1/10 IPV-Al) and 47.8 (IPV Vaccine SSI). Type 3: 14.5 (1/3 IPV-Al), 16.2 (1/5 IPV-Al), 8.9 (1/10 IPV-Al) and 62.4 (IPV Vaccine SSI) Thus, the three IPV-Al formulations were highly immunogenic, but inferior to IPV Vaccine SSI, in this booster vaccination trial. No SAE and no AE of severe intensity occurred. 59.2% of the subjects reported at least one AE. Injection site pain was the most frequent AE in all groups; from 24.6% to 43.3%. Injection site redness and swelling frequencies wereIPV-Al SSI were safe in adolescents and the booster effects were satisfactory. ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT02280447. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  8. The Stellar Kinematics of E+A Galaxies in SDSS IV-MaNGA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Amalya; Dudley, Raymond; Edwards, Kay; Gonzalez, Andrea; Kerrison, Nicole; Marinelli, Mariarosa; Melchert, Nancy; Ojanen, Winonah; Liu, Charles; SDSS-IV MaNGA

    2018-01-01

    E+A galaxies, hypothesized to be “transition” galaxies between the blue cloud and the red sequence, are valuable sources for studying the evolution of galaxies. Using data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory (MaNGA) survey, a large scale integral field spectroscopic survey of nearby galaxies from 3600 to 10300 Å, we identifed galaxies that exhibitted E+A characteristics within their optical spectra. We analyzed the 2,812 galaxies thus far observed by MaNGA to identify those that showed evidence of a starburst about 1 billion years ago, followed by cessation of star formation and quenching of the galaxy. Through this process we identifed 39 E+A galaxies by directly looking at the optical spectra and ensuring they exhibited the necessary properties of an E+A spectra, including a strong break at the 4000 Å mark, little to no Hα emission and absorption through the Balmer series, and a blue slope of the continuum past ~5000 Å as the flux decreases. We analyzed the stellar kinematics of these galaxies to determine whether or not they were fast or slow rotators, a proposed indicator of a major merger in their recent past. Using Voronoi binned graphs from the MaNGA Marvin database, we measured their stellar rotation curves in order to more clearly show the range of velocities within the galaxies. Among our 39 E+A candidates, all but two exhibited significant, orderly rotation across the galaxy, and 29 out of 39 of our galaxies show rotation faster than 30 km/s. With the caveat that our selection process was biased toward galaxies with orderly rotation, this prevalence of rotation challenges the belief that all E+A galaxies are created from major mergers. This work was supported by grants AST-1460860 from the National Science Foundation and SDSS FAST/SSP-483 from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to the CUNY College of Staten Island.

  9. Readability and patient education materials used for low-income populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Meg

    2009-01-01

    More than 90 million Americans have low levels of health literacy that may contribute to poor health outcomes. Assessment of the readability of patient education materials (PEMs) is a vital component of health education. The aim of this study was to describe the readability of PEMs used in community healthcare settings serving low-income populations to provide further insight into the complex area of health literacy. A descriptive, correlational, and nonexperimental design was used for this study. The setting for this study was 5 free and low-cost community clinics in a Midwestern urban area. Thirty-five unique PEMs produced by professional sources (government agencies, drug companies, and state/national organizations) or by providers comprised the final sample. Readability was measured using Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG), Flesch-Kincaid, and Flesch Reading Ease. Significance was determined through t tests and Spearman rho correlations. Variability in grade levels was noted using all measures. Mean Flesch-Kincaid grade level was 7.01, and that for SMOG was 9.89. Mean level for Flesch Reading Ease was 63.40, an estimated eighth and ninth grade level. The SMOG consistently measured 2 to 4 grades levels higher than did Flesh-Kincaid. Professionally developed PEMs had significantly higher reading levels using both SMOG and Flesch-Kincaid and were more difficult to read using Flesch Reading Ease when compared with those prepared by individual providers. Patient education materials were written at a level too high for the average adult. All PEMs should be analyzed carefully to ensure that they are at the recommended fifth grade level. Further understanding of available measures of readability is critical in the creation and/or assessment of PEMs that will strengthen services from safety net providers and support positive health outcomes. Nurses must expand their knowledge of all aspects of literacy and readability and take a proactive role in assessment and

  10. The geography of post-disaster mental health: spatial patterning of psychological vulnerability and resilience factors in New York City after Hurricane Sandy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruebner, Oliver; Lowe, Sarah R; Sampson, Laura; Galea, Sandro

    2015-06-10

    Only very few studies have investigated the geographic distribution of psychological resilience and associated mental health outcomes after natural or man made disasters. Such information is crucial for location-based interventions that aim to promote recovery in the aftermath of disasters. The purpose of this study therefore was to investigate geographic variability of (1) posttraumatic stress (PTS) and depression in a Hurricane Sandy affected population in NYC and (2) psychological vulnerability and resilience factors among affected areas in NYC boroughs. Cross-sectional telephone survey data were collected 13 to 16 months post-disaster from household residents (N = 418 adults) in NYC communities that were most heavily affected by the hurricane. The Posttraumatic Stress Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) was applied for measuring posttraumatic stress and the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used for measuring depression. We applied spatial autocorrelation and spatial regimes regression analyses, to test for spatial clusters of mental health outcomes and to explore whether associations between vulnerability and resilience factors and mental health differed among New York City's five boroughs. Mental health problems clustered predominantly in neighborhoods that are geographically more exposed towards the ocean indicating a spatial variation of risk within and across the boroughs. We further found significant variation in associations between vulnerability and resilience factors and mental health. Race/ethnicity (being Asian or non-Hispanic black) and disaster-related stressors were vulnerability factors for mental health symptoms in Queens, and being employed and married were resilience factors for these symptoms in Manhattan and Staten Island. In addition, parental status was a vulnerability factor in Brooklyn and a resilience factor in the Bronx. We conclude that explanatory characteristics may manifest as psychological vulnerability and resilience

  11. The Glycosylated Rv1860 Protein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Inhibits Dendritic Cell Mediated TH1 and TH17 Polarization of T Cells and Abrogates Protective Immunity Conferred by BCG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satchidanandam, Vijaya; Kumar, Naveen; Jumani, Rajiv S.; Challu, Vijay; Elangovan, Shobha; Khan, Naseem A.

    2014-01-01

    We previously reported interferon gamma secretion by human CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in response to recombinant E. coli-expressed Rv1860 protein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) as well as protection of guinea pigs against a challenge with virulent MTB following prime-boost immunization with DNA vaccine and poxvirus expressing Rv1860. In contrast, a Statens Serum Institute Mycobacterium bovis BCG (BCG-SSI) recombinant expressing MTB Rv1860 (BCG-TB1860) showed loss of protective ability compared to the parent BCG strain expressing the control GFP protein (BCG-GFP). Since Rv1860 is a secreted mannosylated protein of MTB and BCG, we investigated the effect of BCG-TB1860 on innate immunity. Relative to BCG-GFP, BCG-TB1860 effected a significant near total reduction both in secretion of cytokines IL-2, IL-12p40, IL-12p70, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10, and up regulation of co-stimulatory molecules MHC-II, CD40, CD54, CD80 and CD86 by infected bone marrow derived dendritic cells (BMDC), while leaving secreted levels of TGF-β unchanged. These effects were mimicked by BCG-TB1860His which carried a 6-Histidine tag at the C-terminus of Rv1860, killed sonicated preparations of BCG-TB1860 and purified H37Rv-derived Rv1860 glycoprotein added to BCG-GFP, but not by E. coli-expressed recombinant Rv1860. Most importantly, BMDC exposed to BCG-TB1860 failed to polarize allogeneic as well as syngeneic T cells to secrete IFN-γ and IL-17 relative to BCG-GFP. Splenocytes from mice infected with BCG-SSI showed significantly less proliferation and secretion of IL-2, IFN-γ and IL-17, but secreted higher levels of IL-10 in response to in vitro restimulation with BCG-TB1860 compared to BCG-GFP. Spleens from mice infected with BCG-TB1860 also harboured significantly fewer DC expressing MHC-II, IL-12, IL-2 and TNF-α compared to mice infected with BCG-GFP. Glycoproteins of MTB, through their deleterious effects on DC may thus contribute to suppress the generation of a TH1- and TH17-dominated

  12. Long-term mortality in patients with pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis: a Danish nationwide cohort study

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    Christensen AS

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Anne-Sophie Halkjær Christensen,1 Casper Roed,1 Peter H Andersen,2 Åse Bengård Andersen,3 Niels Obel1 1Department of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, 2Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, 3Department of Infectious Diseases, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark Background: Long-term mortality and causes of death in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB and extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB are poorly documented. In this study, long-term mortality and causes of death in PTB and EPTB patients were compared with the background population and it was investigated whether mortality was associated with family-related risk factors. Methods: A nationwide cohort study was conducted including: all adult Danes notified with PTB or EPTB from 1977 to 2008 and alive 1 year after diagnosis; a randomly selected comparison cohort matched on birth date and sex; adult siblings of PTB patients; and population controls. Data were extracted from national registries. All-cause and cause-specific mortality rate ratios were calculated for patients and siblings and compared with their respective control cohorts. A total of 8,291 patients (6,402 PTB and 1,889 EPTB, 24,873 population controls, 1,990 siblings of PTB patients and 11,679 siblings of PTB population controls were included. Results: Overall, the mortality rate ratio was 1.86 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.77–1.96 for PTB patients and 1.24 (95% CI 1.12–1.37 for EPTB patients. Both patient cohorts had significantly increased risk of death due to infectious diseases and diabetes. Further, the PTB patients had increased mortality due to cancers (mainly respiratory and gastrointestinal tract, liver and respiratory system diseases, and alcohol and drug abuse. The PTB patients had increased mortality compared with their siblings (mortality rate ratio 3.55; 95% CI 2.57–4.91 as did the siblings of the PTB

  13. Is kidney function affecting the management of myocardial infarction? A retrospective cohort study in patients with normal kidney function, chronic kidney disease stage III-V, and ESRD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saad, Marc; Karam, Boutros; Faddoul, Geovani; Douaihy, Youssef El; Yacoub, Harout; Baydoun, Hassan; Boumitri, Christine; Barakat, Iskandar; Saifan, Chadi; El-Charabaty, Elie; Sayegh, Suzanne El

    2016-01-01

    Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are three times more likely to have myocardial infarction (MI) and suffer from increased morbidity and higher mortality. Traditional and unique risk factors are prevalent and constitute challenges for the standard of care. However, CKD patients have been largely excluded from clinical trials and little evidence is available to guide evidence-based treatment of coronary artery disease in patients with CKD. Our objective was to assess whether a difference exists in the management of MI (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) among patients with normal kidney function, CKD stage III-V, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. We conducted a retrospective cohort study on patients admitted to Staten Island University Hospital for the diagnosis of MI between January 2005 and December 2012. Patients were assigned to one of three groups according to their kidney function: Data collected on the medical management and the use of statins, platelet inhibitors, beta-blockers, and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers were compared among the three cohorts, as well as medical interventions including: catheterization and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) when indicated. Chi-square test was used to compare the proportions between nominal variables. Binary logistic analysis was used in order to determine associations between treatment modalities and comorbidities, and to account for possible confounding factors. Three hundred and thirty-four patients (mean age 67.2±13.9 years) were included. In terms of management, medical treatment was not different among the three groups. However, cardiac catheterization was performed less in ESRD when compared with no CKD and CKD stage III-V (45.6% vs 74% and 93.9%) (Pmanagement of their cardiac disease. In our study, medical therapy was achieved at high percentage and was comparable among groups of different

  14. Pyomyositis in the setting of complicated diverticulitis: case report

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    Sun J

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available James Sun,1 David Leor Kashan,1 Jolita Marie Auguste,1 Akella Chendrasekhar2 1Department of Surgery, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA; 2Department of Surgery, Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, NY, USA Abstract: Pyomyositis is typically thought of as a disease of the tropics. However, it is becoming more prevalent in temperate regions, and may be underdiagnosed. Here, pyomyositis is encountered as a complication of perforated diverticulitis, which has not been previously reported. A 61-year-old Caucasian man initially presented in respiratory distress and was diagnosed with respiratory failure due to COPD exacerbation. The patient was taking high-dose prednisone, 60 mg daily for the past 2 years. Initially, he was afebrile, normotensive, tachycardic to 178 beats/minute and tachypneic to 28 breaths/minute, requiring noninvasive ventilation to maintain oxygenation. Blood tests revealed leukocytosis of 16.7×103/μL, and blood cultures grew Escherichia coli. Broad-spectrum antibiotics were started but leukocytosis and bacteremia persisted on repeated tests. On the seventh hospital day, a CT scan of the abdomen was performed for complaints of abdominal pain, and the patient was diagnosed with Hinchey stage 3 diverticulitis. A Hartmann’s procedure was performed with intraoperative findings of purulent peritonitis. Intraoperative cultures grew E. coli and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium. The patient continued to have leukocytosis of 15.1×103/μL despite surgical therapy. He began to complain of left lower extremity pain, and a CT scan on hospital day 24 revealed gluteal intramuscular abscesses, which were percutaneously drained. Persistent symptoms prompted another CT scan on hospital day 28, which revealed additional intramuscular abscesses in the vastus lateralis muscle, which was also drained, with subsequent resolution of pain and normalization of inflammatory markers. This is

  15. Management of reindeer husbandry in Norway – power-sharing and participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitte Ulvevadet

    2008-04-01

    reineiere er representert i styrer på lokalt, regionalt og nasjonalt nivå. Staten har også delegert en del forvaltningsgjøremål til disse styrene. Likevel har det gjennom media, spørreundersøkelser og intervjuer, kommet frem at noen reineiere er misfornøyde med forvaltningssystemet og at de føler seg ekskludert fra deltakelse. Jeg argumenterer derfor for at oppnevningen av reineiere til de ulike medforvaltningsstyrene og oppnevning av reineiere til det korporative organ er en delvis uløst utfordring fordi det er vanskelig å etablere et representasjonssystem som føles rettferdig for alle. Jeg påviser også at det er vanskelig å få slike sammensatte systemer til å fungere like godt i praksis som de var planlagt.

  16. Los Ayuntamientos de los pueblos indígenas de Chiapas en el siglo XIX y su relación con los asuntos de justicia

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    Palomo Infante, María Dolores

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available After the promulgation of the gaditanian Constitution in 1812, the formation of town governments, accompanied by new liberal ideologies and the political changes in newly independent Mexico directed to define the new State-Nation, impacted in the way politics and justice were practiced in the indigenous townships of Chiapas. This article analyzes the way how the town halls intervened in judicial affairs that were part of their jurisdiction, but as well as in some other cases as the accused. During the 19th century, the town governments in the indigenous townships resulted to be a competitive space in which power and authority were constantly restructured; a space much more diversified then with respect to ethnic composition, complemented by a constantly growing number of “ladinos”, shaping political and judicial processes.

    El surgimiento de los Ayuntamientos tras la promulgación de la Constitución gaditana de 1812, las nuevas corrientes ideológicas liberales decimonónicas, los cambios políticos producidos en México después de la Independencia y la necesidad de definir al nuevo Estado-nación, provocaron cambios en el ejercicio de la política y la justicia en los pueblos indígenas de Chiapas. Este artículo analiza de qué forma ejercieron los gobiernos locales sus funciones de impartición de justicia en aquellos pleitos que caían bajo su jurisdicción, y cómo participaron en algunos no como jueces sino como implicados en el proceso. Durante el siglo XIX, los Ayuntamientos de los pueblos indígenas de Chiapas fueron espacios conflictivos, donde se reconfiguraron el poder y la autoridad; espacios que estaban ahora mucho más diversificados desde el punto de visto étnico, con la existencia de un número cada vez mayor de ladinos en ellos, lo que determinó tanto los procesos jurídicos como políticos.

  17. Prevalence of antimicrobial resistant Escherichia coli from patients with suspected urinary tract infection in primary care, Denmark.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Córdoba, Gloria; Holm, Anne; Hansen, Frank; Hammerum, Anette M; Bjerrum, Lars

    2017-10-10

    Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen causing Urinary Tract Infections (UTI). Data from the current National Surveillance program in Denmark (DANMAP) may not accurately represent the prevalence of resistant E. coli in primary care, because only urine samples from complicated cases may be forwarded to the microbiological departments at hospitals for diagnostic examination. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of resistant E. coli to the most commonly used antimicrobial agents in primary care in a consecutive sample of patients from general practice. Observational study carried out from December 2014 to December 2015. Thirty-nine general practices from The Capital Region of Denmark included adult patients with urinary tract symptoms and suspected UTI. All urine samples were sent to the central laboratory Statens Serum Institut (SSI). Significant bacteriuria was interpreted according to the European Urinalysis Standards. Susceptibility testing was performed and interpreted according to the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) standards. From the 39 general practices 505 patients were recruited. Completed data were obtained from 485 (96%) patients. According to the European Urinalysis Standards, 261 (54%) patients had positive bacteriuria. The most common uropathogen in patients with uncomplicated (uUTI) and complicated (cUTI) urinary tract infection was E. coli 105 (69%) and 76 (70%), respectively. Eighty-two (45%) of 181 E. coli isolates were resistant to at least one of the tested antibiotics and 50 out of 82 isolates were resistant to two or more antimicrobial agents. The highest resistance-rate was found against ampicillin 34% (95% CI 24;42) in uUTI and 36% (24;46) in cUTI. There were no differences in the distribution of resistance between uncomplicated and complicated cases. The prevalence of resistance was similar to the one reported in DANMAP 2014. In E. coli from uUTI there is high resistance rates to

  18. Does obtaining an initial magnetic resonance imaging decrease the reamputation rates in the diabetic foot?

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    Marlena Jbara

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Diabetes mellitus (DM through its over glycosylation of neurovascular structures and resultant peripheral neuropathy continues to be the major risk factor for pedal amputation. Repetitive trauma to the insensate foot results in diabetic foot ulcers, which are at high risk to develop osteomyelitis. Many patients who present with diabetic foot complications will undergo one or more pedal amputations during the course of their disease. The purpose of this study was to determine if obtaining an initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, prior to the first amputation, is associated with a decreased rate of reamputation in the diabetic foot. Our hypothesis was that the rate of reamputation may be associated with underutilization of obtaining an initial MRI, useful in presurgical planning. This study was designed to determine whether there was an association between the reamputation rate in diabetic patients and utilization of MRI in the presurgical planning and prior to initial forefoot amputations. Methods: Following approval by our institutional review board, our study design consisted of a retrospective cohort analysis of 413 patients at Staten Island University Hospital, a 700-bed tertiary referral center between 2008 and 2013 who underwent an initial great toe (hallux amputation. Of the 413 patients with a hallux amputation, there were 368 eligible patients who had a history of DM with documented hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c within 3 months of the initial first ray (hallux and first metatarsal amputation and available radiographic data. Statistical analysis compared the incidence rates of reamputation between patients who underwent initial MRI and those who did not obtain an initial MRI prior to their first amputation. The reamputation rate was compared after adjustment for age, gender, ethnicity, HbA1c, cardiovascular disease, hypoalbuminemia, smoking, body mass index, and prior antibiotic treatment. Results: The results of our statistical

  19. Pipeline accidents and -incidents as a result of (digging)activities by third parties. Special survey; Buisleidingenongevallen en -incidenten als gevolg van (graaf)werkzaamheden door derden. Themaonderzoek

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-01-01

    The Dutch Transport Safety Board (RVTV) formulated six questions by means of which the study on the title subject has been carried out: (1) which scenarios/mechanisms cause damages to pipelines by digging of third parties; (2) which actors are involved and how do they communicate; (3) which legal aspects and regulations are involved and to what extent are they complied with; (4) what are the rules and laws in England, Germany, France and the USA; (5) which measures are available to prevent damage of pipelines by digging by third parties; and (6) what improvements are possible. This special study is limited to digging of third parties in the ground and damaging of underground pipelines for the transport of liquids and natural gas. [Dutch] De Raad voor de Transportveiligheid heeft de doelstelling voor het themaonderzoek geformuleerd aan de hand van een zestal onderzoeksvragen die in het onderzoek beantwoord moeten worden, te weten: (1) Via welke scenario's/mechanismen ontstaat een beschadiging van een buisleiding door (graaf)werkzaamheden van derden?; (2) Welke actoren zijn betrokken bij de verschillende scenario's voor het ontstaan van een dergelijke beschadiging en hoe communiceren zij onderling?; (3) Welke wet- en regelgeving is van toepassing en in welke mate wordt deze wet- en regelgeving nageleefd door de betrokken partijen?; (4) Welke wet- en regelgeving is in dit verband in andere Europese landen (Engeland, Duitsland en Frankrijk) en in de Verenigde Staten van Amerika van toepassing en in welke mate kunnen deze in Nederland worden gebruikt?; (5) Welke technische en organisatorische maatregelen zijn van toepassing ter voorkoming van een beschadiging van een buisleiding door (graaf)werkzaamheden van derden?; en (6) Welke verbeteringen zijn mogelijk? Het themaonderzoek beperkt zich tot (graaf)werkzaamheden van derden in de grond en beschadiging daardoor van ondergrondse buisleidingen voor het transport van vloeistoffen en gassen. Gezien de

  20. Evaluation of Airborne Lidar Elevation Surfaces for Propagation of Coastal Inundation: The Importance of Hydrologic Connectivity

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    Sandra Poppenga

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Detailed information about coastal inundation is vital to understanding dynamic and populated areas that are impacted by storm surge and flooding. To understand these natural hazard risks, lidar elevation surfaces are frequently used to model inundation in coastal areas. A single-value surface method is sometimes used to inundate areas in lidar elevation surfaces that are below a specified elevation value. However, such an approach does not take into consideration hydrologic connectivity between elevation grids cells resulting in inland areas that should be hydrologically connected to the ocean, but are not. Because inland areas that should drain to the ocean are hydrologically disconnected by raised features in a lidar elevation surface, simply raising the water level to propagate coastal inundation will lead to inundation uncertainties. We took advantage of this problem to identify hydrologically disconnected inland areas to point out that they should be considered for coastal inundation, and that a lidar-based hydrologic surface should be developed with hydrologic connectivity prior to inundation analysis. The process of achieving hydrologic connectivity with hydrologic-enforcement is not new, however, the application of hydrologically-enforced lidar elevation surfaces for improved coastal inundation mapping as approached in this research is innovative. In this article, we propagated a high-resolution lidar elevation surface in coastal Staten Island, New York to demonstrate that inland areas lacking hydrologic connectivity to the ocean could potentially be included in inundation delineations. For inland areas that were hydrologically disconnected, we evaluated if drainage to the ocean was evident, and calculated an area exceeding 11 ha (~0.11 km2 that could be considered in inundation delineations. We also assessed land cover for each inland area to determine the type of physical surfaces that would be potentially impacted if the inland areas

  1. Social Reform in Times of Transition. Reflections on Martin Conway’s The Sorrows of Belgium

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    Nico Wouters

    2014-12-01

    genesis of post-war social reform is merely the tip of the iceberg in this regard. It is clear that there is still a lot of room for research, certainly in a comparative perspective with the Netherlands. This concerns topics such as social class-studies from below, but also their agency vis-à-vis the national state during these crucial years of transition. As such, this contribution primarily underscores the importance of a true social history of Belgium for the 1930s-1940s, a history that would be highly relevant in a comparative framework with the Netherlands, most notably when also analysing the interaction between these social evolutions and political reform in 1945-1947. Sociale hervormingen tijdens transitiejaren. Overwegingen bij Martin Conway’s The Sorrows of BelgiumIn zijn boek The Sorrows of Belgium gebruikt Martin Conway de Belgische casus om te kijken naar het herstel van de liberaal-parlementaire staten in Europa tussen 1945 en 1947. Nico Wouters’ bijdrage richt zich op drie elementen die Conway zelf aanhaalt: 1 de belangrijke maar ambivalente rol van het lokale bestuur (steden en gemeenten, 2 het onvermogen om het Belgische patriottisme als bindmiddel voor de natiestaat institutioneel te verankeren en tot slot 3 de kloof tussen verschuivingen in klassenrelaties en politiek-institutionele vernieuwing. Via een oppervlakkige vergelijking met Nederland plaatst zijn bijdrage kanttekeningen bij elk van deze elementen.Zoals Conway aantoont, waren de grotere steden in België laboratoria voor nieuwe politieke stromingen die uiteindelijk de middelpuntvliedende, regionalistische tendensen versterkten. Anderzijds echter, had volgens Wouters het lokale niveau als administratief en institutioneel onderdeel van de staatsorganisatie op korte termijn een omgekeerd effect. De restauratie na de bevrijding kan enkel worden begrepen door in rekening te brengen dat ‘lokale staten’ een dwingend institutioneel raamwerk oplegden en zo de ruimte voor politieke vernieuwing

  2. Puente Verrazano-Narrows

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    Ammann, -

    1964-05-01

    Full Text Available This outstanding suspension bridge underwent a long process of preparation, and it has finally served to solve a most urgent and intense problem of communication between Brooking and Staten Island. This bridge represents an exceptional engineering achievement firstly because of the 1,298 m span between its two towers, and the two side spans of 370 m; secondly due to the vast amounts of materials involved in its construction. The suspended deck will have two directions of traffic, each consisting of six lanes, the two directions separated by a central division. The anchorage and foundations reach down to a depth of 50 m. The towers supporting the main suspension cables are 210 m high above the mean sea level. Their prefabricated external metal shell contain inside a complex system of thousands of metal cells. The deck hangs from four main suspension cables, each 90 cm in diameter. Hanger cables, each 55 cm in diameter, support the deck. The cable spinning over the main towers was a difficult and highly complicated operation. Details of this are given in the accompanying diagrams. Simultaneous with the construction of the bridge, the main access roads to it have been improved and altered, in order to chanalise the heavy traffic more effectively towards it. The whole project, including the construction of the bridge and alterations to the approaches, has amounted to a total cost of the order of 400 million dollars. The safety of the personnel working on this project has been very carefully studied. Ellaborate arrangements are being rigidly enforced for the protection of human lives. It is hoped that this huge project will be completed within the present year.Esta destacada obra, suspendida, realizada por la Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority, cuenta con una larga gestación que por fin culminó en una realidad y, con ella, a dar solución a una angustiosa situación que el tráfico rodado venía creando progresivamente con sus innumerables

  3. Aquifer geochemistry at potential aquifer storage and recovery sites in coastal plain aquifers in the New York city area, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, C.J.; Misut, P.E.

    2010-01-01

    The effects of injecting oxic water from the New York city (NYC) drinking-water supply and distribution system into a nearby anoxic coastal plain aquifer for later recovery during periods of water shortage (aquifer storage and recovery, or ASR) were simulated by a 3-dimensional, reactive-solute transport model. The Cretaceous aquifer system in the NYC area of New York and New Jersey, USA contains pyrite, goethite, locally occurring siderite, lignite, and locally varying amounts of dissolved Fe and salinity. Sediment from cores drilled on Staten Island and western Long Island had high extractable concentrations of Fe, Mn, and acid volatile sulfides (AVS) plus chromium-reducible sulfides (CRS) and low concentrations of As, Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu and U. Similarly, water samples from the Lloyd aquifer (Cretaceous) in western Long Island generally contained high concentrations of Fe and Mn and low concentrations of other trace elements such as As, Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu and U, all of which were below US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and NY maximum contaminant levels (MCLs). In such aquifer settings, ASR operations can be complicated by the oxidative dissolution of pyrite, low pH, and high concentrations of dissolved Fe in extracted water.The simulated injection of buffered, oxic city water into a hypothetical ASR well increased the hydraulic head at the well, displaced the ambient groundwater, and formed a spheroid of injected water with lower concentrations of Fe, Mn and major ions in water surrounding the ASR well, than in ambient water. Both the dissolved O2 concentrations and the pH of water near the well generally increased in magnitude during the simulated 5-a injection phase. The resultant oxidation of Fe2+ and attendant precipitation of goethite during injection provided a substrate for sorption of dissolved Fe during the 8-a extraction phase. The baseline scenario with a low (0.001M) concentration of pyrite in aquifer sediments, indicated that nearly 190% more water

  4. Complicated Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia (SAB) Is Associated with Genetic Variation in GLS2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, Vance; Ruffin, Felicia; Kuinkel, Batu Sharma; Cyr, Derek D; Guo, Shengru; Dykxhoorn, Derek; Skov, Robert; Bruun, Niels; Dahl, Anders; Lærke, Christian; Scott, William; Andersen, Paal

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Background SAB is a serious, common infection. We used whole exome sequencing (WES) to examine the cumulative effect of coding variants in each gene on risk of complicated SAB in a discovery set of patients, and then evaluated the nominally significant genes in a replication set of patients using custom-capture sequencing. Methods The discovery set comprised 84 complicated SAB cases (endocarditis or bone/joint infection) frequency-matched by age (in deciles), sex, and bacterial clonal complex (CC5/30, CC8) to 84 uncomplicated SAB controls. All were white inpatients at Duke University. WES utilized Agilent SureSelect 72Mb capture kits, followed by sequencing on an Illumina HiSeq2000, alignment and base calling with a standard pipeline. The SKAT-O and EPACTS packages were used for gene-based association tests and logistic regression models with Firth bias correction, respectively. Both controlled for age, sex, and clonal complex as covariates. The replication set of 122 complicated SAB cases and 118 uncomplicated SAB controls was frequency matched by age, sex, and clonal complex. All were white Europeans collected by the Statens Serum Institute. An Agilent SureSelect 2Mb capture array captured genic sequence for 342 genes nominally associated with complicated SAB in discovery (SKAT-O P < 0.035). Sequencing and data analysis proceeded as for WES. A Bonferroni-corrected gene-based test P-value of 1.5×10–4 determined significance in the replication set. Results One gene, GLS2, was significantly associated with complicated SAB in the replication set (P = 1.2 x 10–4). The strongest single-variant association in all 342 genes was rs2657878 in GLS2 (p = 5×10−4). This variant is strongly correlated with a missense variant (rs2657879, p = 4.4x10-3) in which the minor allele (associated here with complicated SAB) has previously been shown to reduce circulating glutamine levels. Conclusion Comprehensive examination of the coding sequence for

  5. Air pollution exposure in Oslo, Drammen, Bergen and Trondheim. Calculations of NO{sub 2}, PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2,5} for the winter 1995 to 1996; Eksponering til luftforurensing i Oslo, Drammen, Bergen og Trondheim. Beregninger av NO{sub 2}, PM{sub 10} og PM{sub 2,5} for vinteren 1995-1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sloerdal, Leif Haavard

    1998-07-01

    The Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU) commissioned by the Norwegian Pollution Control Authority (Statens forurensningstilsyn), has calculated human exposure values to NO{sub 2}, PM{sub 1}0 and PM{sub 2},5 in the cities of Oslo, Drammen, Bergen and Trondheim. In Oslo, Drammen and Bergen the calculations are made for the winter 1995 to 1996. For Trondheim the necessary meteorological data were missing and the calculations are therefore made for the winter of 1994 to 1995. In the project only simplified exposure calculations are carried out where estimated ground concentrations and population distribution information at the km{sub 2} level are connected. The calculations are then made as if everyone have been outside at the home address during the entire estimation period, termed ''potential exposure''. The population exposure load is estimated for excesses of various air quality criteria and the results are presented. In addition values for the worst hour and/or the worst day of exposure for each of the four cities are presented. The term worst is defined as the hour or the day in the simulation period where the most number of people are exposed to concentrations exceeding the threshold values for air quality recommended by the Norwegian Pollution Control Authority. For NO{sub 2} these threshold figures are 100 microgram/m{sup 3} for hour values and 75 microgram/m{sup 3} for day values. For PM{sub 1}0 and PM{sub 2},5 criteria for hour values do not exist while day values are now stipulated as 35 microgram/m{sup 3} for PM{sub 1}0 and 20 microgram/m{sup 3} for PM{sub 2},5. The calculated maximum concentrations may not coincide with these values. The report gives results for exposure estimates for NO{sub 2}, PM{sub 1}0 and PM{sub 2},5 in the cities and evaluates the significance of regional background levels, traffic and heating emissions in contributions to the total population exposure load. The exposure to NO{sub 2} is largest in Bergen

  6. Et lykkeligt fornuftsægteskab? Turistforeningen for Danmark mellem hjemstavnsturisme og eksportturisme ca. 1888-1967

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikael Frausing

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Artiklen baserer sig på undersøgelser af Turistforeningen for Danmarks virke med hovedvægt på perioden 1923-1945. Nedsættelsen af „Udenrigsministeriets Udvalg for Turistpropaganda i Udlandet" i 1934 betød en gennemgribende forandring, hvor staten for første gang involverede sig aktivt i Turistforeningens organisationog arbejde. Turisme blev herved i højere grad opfattet som et eksporterhverv og indrettet efter sit økonomiske indtjeningspotentiale. Hermed lagdes grunden til den organisation og den turismeopfattelse, som kom til at dominere efterkrigstidens danske turisme, mens tidligere, konkurrerende syn på turismen på sigt marginaliseredes. En gennemgang af Turistforeningens brochurer og udgivelservil i øvrigt demonstrere, at „Danmark som turistland" repræsenteredes i meget forskellige og konkurrerende diskurser, lige fra en hjemstavnsorientering med vægt på oldtid, landskaber og landbokultur til det „moderne Danmark" med levende byliv, uhøjtidelig harmoni, ungdommelighed og social ansvarlighed. Overordnet betød mellemkrigstiden både i organisation og repræsentation en forskydning af turistarbejdet fra provinsens lokale, folkelige forankring til byernes, primært københavnske, erhvervsinteresser.Abstract: A Happy Marriage of Convenience?The Danish National Tourist Organization c.1888-1967Turistforeningen for Danmark was the Danish National Tourist Organization from 1923-1967. It replaced Den danske Turistforening which dissolved in the turmoil following World War I, and was itself replaced in 1967 by Danmarks Turistråd. This article offers an outline of the development of Turistforeningen for Danmark with a main focus on the interwar-period 1923-1939. Through an analysis of the organization's activities to attract foreign visitors as well as to„enhance"the travel of Danes within their own country it is shown, how two distinct understandings of „tourism" co-existed, and was balanced against each other, within the

  7. Return rates of European graduate students in the US : How many and who return, and when ? Terugkeer van Europese doctoraatsstudenten in de VS : hoeveel keren er terug en wanneer ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Van Bouwel

    2012-12-01

    meebrengen, kan de Europese economie hier wel bij varen. In deze context bestuderen we de migratiebeslissingen van een steekproef van Europese economiestudenten die hun doctoraat in de VS behaald hebben. Ten eerste observeren we dat een hoog percentage verkiest in de VS te blijven : 64 % werkt momenteel nog steeds in de VS, terwijl slechts 24 % terugkeert naar hun thuisland, en een additionele 10 % zich elders in Europa vestigt. Ten tweede zien we dat de meerderheid van zij die momenteel thuis of in Europa werken, daar ook al werkten vlak na hun afstuderen. Binnen Europa is het Verenigd Koninkrijk de meest populaire bestemming voor doctoraatshouders die ervoor kiezen niet naar hun land van herkomst terug te keren. Ten slotte zijn er mogelijks argumenten om meer fondsen vrij te maken voor Europese studenten die in de Verenigde Staten hun doctoraat willen behalen, aangezien studenten die door hun thuisland gefinancierd worden meer kans maken om terug te keren.

  8. A suspected virus infection of the oral mucosa in Swedish reindeer (Rangifer tarandus L

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    C. Rehbinder

    1985-05-01

    Full Text Available During the winter 1980 reindeer herds in the Tornedalen area, along the Finnish border, were hit by grazing difficulties. Thus minor parts of the reindeer her*ds in this area were given supplementary feed in pens. Some of the supplementary fed animals were taken ill and some deaths occurred. According to the owners sick animals showed loss of appetite and signs of fever. A total of 8 carcasses were necropsied at The National Veterinary Institute. In 5 of these cases oral lesions were observed. The histological investigation of the oral mucosa revealed intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies, inter- and intracellular oedema and vesicle formation. An electron-microscopical study of 2 of the cases confirmed the histological findings. At the bacteriological investigations Coli, ß-haemolyzing streptococci, Conrynebacterium pyogenes and Fusobacterium necrophorum could be indentified. The found bacteria were all considered secondary invaders. Serological samples from four affected reindeer flocks were tested for antibodies against BVD-, P13 and IBR-virus as well as Chlamydia. A few samples showed low positive titres for agents tested but for BVDV. The result of the investigation indicates that a still unidentified virus could be the primary cause of this enzootically appearing disease of the oral mucosa in reindeer.Misstanke om virusinfektion i munnslemhinnan på svensk ren.Abstract in Swedish / Sammanfattning: Under vintern 1980 drabbades renhjordar i Tornedalsområdet av betessvårigheter. Av denna anledning fördes mindre flockar, ur hjordarna, till inhägnader och tillskottsutfodrades. En del av de tillskottsutfodrade djuren insjuknade och dödsfall inträffade. Enligt djurägarna förlorade de sjuka djuren aptiten och uppvisade tecken på feber. Av de döda renarna erhölls åtta fôr obduktion vid Statens Veterinärmedicinska anstalt. Hos fem av de obducerade renarna forelåg skador i munhålan. Vid histologisk undersokning av munslemhinnan p

  9. Sobre la crisis de la democracia (XXIII Conferencias Aranguren

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    Sartorius, Nicolás

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Democracy and globalisation: Democracy is currently defined as the political selfgovernance of human’s based on freedom and equality. As such, it is of recent implementation and presents limitations, both geographic and thematic. Throughout a long period of time, its effective realisation has found tremendous obstacles, related to gender-female vote was mainly established after World War I and II; —social class or race— decolonisation is a 20th Century phenomenon. Today, representative democracy has reached new areas within its traditional Statenation framework, such as new technologies and economic globalisation, which have also contributed to its crisis. The unlimited expansion of capital– similar to that of the Universe – has not had an equivalent in the political domain, even in modern democracies, which are still trapped in the narrow limits of the State. These limits will only be surpassed when democracy, as well, expands. II. The Spanish case: The Spanish democratic subsystem, as part of the European democratic system, is young and is a result of a particular balance of power built throughout a convulsed historical process in which dictatorial regimes have been very present. Nowadays, even though the Spanish political regime is a democracy, insufficiencies or limitations are evident and must be specified. These limitations or insufficiencies are shown, amongst others, by a certain geostrategic dependency; a poor productive system not based enough in innovation and science; a lack of social cohesion and excessive economic power; an unresolved territorial problem and a State that finds it hard to be secular. Therefore, there is enough field of action for a new democratic impulse that faces all these challenges and finally turns Spain into a truly advanced DemocracyLa democracia en el sentido contemporáneo del término, como autogobierno político de los seres humanos basado en la libertad y a igualdad, es de muy reciente

  10. En kartlegging av forekomsten av forskjellige rusmidler blant norske motorvognførere pågrepet av politiet, med mistanke om påvirket kjøring

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    Kari-Mette Beylich m. fl Beylich m. fl

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGSjåfører som mistenkes for påvirket kjøring blir i første omgang vurdert av politiet med henblikk på om det kunskal rekvireres alkoholanalyse eller om det også skal tas prøve med hensyn på andre rusmidler (narkotika,medikamenter med ruspotensial ved Statens rettstoksikologiske institutt (SRI. Rutinemessig vil SRI undersøkedet politiet rekvirerer, men prøvene lagres inntil to år etter at de er analysert. Ved supplerende analyse i ettertidkan man således få et mer fullstendig bilde av hva mistenkte, påvirkede bilførere hadde i kroppen da de avgaprøve. I den foreliggende undersøkelsen ble 1197 prøver fra februar og september 1993 analysert på et bredtspekter av andre rusmidler foruten alkohol, uavhengig av hva politiets mistanke hadde vært. Vi fant da at alkoholalene var til stede i 55 % av prøvene, andre rusmidler alene i 16%, både alkohol og andre rusmidler i 14%, mensverken alkohol eller andre rusmidler ble påvist i 15% av prøvene. Politiets mistanke med hensyn til alkoholpåvirkningble bekreftet av analyseresultatene i 71% av tilfellene, og mistanke om forekomst av andre rusmidler i58% av tilfellene. Tidligere studier og denne undersøkelsen viste at bilførere som mistenkes for påvirket kjøringsynes å representere en gruppe med storbruk av alkohol og misbruk av andre stoff.Beylich K-M, Christophersen AS, Skurtveit S, Bjørneboe A, Mørland J. Frequency of different drugs in  ENGLISH SUMMARYDrivers apprehended under the suspicion of drunken or drugged driving are primarily evaluated by the police withregard to whether alcohol or drugs should be looked for in the blood samples taken shortly after apprehension.Until March 1996 all blood samples were sent to the National Institute of Forensic Toxicology (NIFT, for analysis.NIFT routinely perform only those analyses requested, but the samples are stored for up to two years afteranalysis. By later additional analyses of this material one could obtain a more

  11. Forekomst av alkohol og andre rusmidler i blodprøver fra førere involvert i trafikkulykker

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    Anders Bjørneboe m.fl

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGBilkjøring stiller store krav til førernes sansing, oppmerksomhet, informasjonsbearbeiding og evne til åreagere. Førere som er under innflytelse av sentralnervøst aktive stoffer, vil derfor være en potensiell fare itrafikken. I perioden 1.8–31.12. 1993 identifiserte Statens rettstoksikologiske institutt (SRI 394 ulykkesføreresom politiet hadde rekvirert analyser av med hensyn på narkotiske stoff/sentralnervøst aktive medikamenter(andre rusmidler og/eller alkohol. Blodprøver fra disse førerne ble analysert med hensyn på alkohol og etutvidet repertoar av andre rusmidler ved SRI. Da polititjenestemenn og medtrafikanter ofte ikke vil oppdagepåvirkning av andre rusmidler enn alkohol, dels pga. manglende alkohollukt, vil andre rusmidler som ulykkesårsakvære noe underrepresentert i dette materialet sammenliknet med alkohol. Hos 299 av ulykkesførerneble det påvist alkohol og/eller andre rusmidler. 44 førere hadde tatt inn både alkohol og andre rusmidler, mensalkohol og andre rusmidler ble påvist alene i henholdsvis 204 og 51 saker. Totalt ble benzodiazepiner,cannabis, opiater og amfetamin påvist i henholdsvis 54, 30, 17 og 16 saker. Av de 95 som hadde tatt inn andrerusmidler, hadde 34 tatt inn mer enn ett rusmiddel (alkohol ikke medregnet og i 72 av tilfellene ble analysefunnenevurdert (AB og JM til sannsynligvis å ha gitt sentralnervøs påvirkning. Risikoøkningen for trafikkulykkeved nylig bruk av cannabisstoffer og diazepam i høydose ble estimert til å kunne tilsvare en blodalkoholkonsentrasjonpå 1-1,5 promille. Alkohol er det rusmiddel som oftest påvises hos ulykkesførere, menforekomsten av benzodiazepiner, cannabis og amfetamin er såvidt høy blant ulykkesførere at disse stoffenemå anses å være et alvorlig trafikksikkerhetsproblem.Bjørneboe A, Beylich K-M, Christophersen AS, Fosser S, Glad A, Mørland J.Prevalence of alcohol and other intoxicants in blood samples from drivers involved in road

  12. Tatarzy Krymscy - naród czy mniejszość etniczna: w poszukiwaniu nowej drogi odrodzenia narodowego

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    Swietlana Czerwonnaja

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The Crimean tatars – a nation or an ethnic minority: in search for a new way of national revival The Russian Empire, increasing its aggressive expansion to all sites of the world, conquered the Crimean Khanate in 1783. This Khanate was the only one of its kind link connecting the European (Christian and Asian (Islamic civilizations. It was the state of high multilateral culture with strong – in the beginning of the New Times – secularism trends and democratic bases of social and political life (there was no serfdom, the equality of rights existed on the high level, tolerance with regard to religious and ethnic communities dominated, and these communities-minorities co-existed and developed on the Peninsula – in the Tatar Crimea – in the peace. Within the framework of the Crimean Khanate the process of ethnic genesis of the Crimean-Tatar people as an ethnic-cultural subject was completed, although many differences of tribal origin and regional character remained within this unity and expressed in the heterogeneity of the anthropologic types, of every-day life’s tradition and of dialects spread between the Tatars living in the North Crimean steppe, in the Mountains (highland and on the South Coast of the Peninsula. That ethnic community (Crimean Tatars was a nation in the modern meaning of this word, it had its own state, intellectual elite, high organization and culture. The destruction of this state-nation by the Russian Empire and the systematic genocide if the Crimean Tatars during next two centuries, reached its culmination in the act of the total deportation on May 18th 1944, are the treasons and international-large crimes. The annexation of the Crimea by the Russian Federation on March 2014 (its tearing away from the Ukrainian state and military occupation means the continuation of this felonious policy, which the Crimean Tatars resist, displaying bravery in the very difficult condition.   Tatarzy Krymscy - naród czy

  13. Reindeer pastoralism in Sweden 1550-1950

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    Lennart Lundmark

    2007-04-01

    during hundreds of years. To a large extent these long-term external influences have made reindeer pastoralism what it is today. That aspect should not be overlooked when assessing the future prospects of reindeer pastoralism in Scandinavia.Renskötseln i Sverige 1550-1950Abstract in Swedish / Sammanfattning: Först vid mitten av 1500-talet finns det källmaterial som ger oss en tämligen detaljerad bild av renskötseln i Sverige. Vid den tiden levde samerna i en jakt- , fiske- och samlarekonomi. En familj hade normalt 10-20 renar som främst utnyttjades vid transporter. Tamrenarna kunde också mjölkas och fungera som lockdjur vid vildrensjakt. Under senare delen av 1500-talet köpte svenska staten och handelsmän stora mängder pälsverk av samerna. Den vanligaste betalningen var smör och mjöl. Detta skapade ett välstånd som ledde till en betydande folkökning i svenska lappmarken. Befolkningen blev för stor för att rymmas inom ramarna för en jaktochfiskeekonomi. En kris i början av 1600-talet blev startpunkten för övergången till en storskalig rennomadism.Fram till mitten av 1700-talet var den intensiva renskötseln framgångsrik. Men renskötseln blev efterhand alltför intensiv. Under senare delen av 1700-talet började det spridas sjukdomar i de tätt sammanhållna hjordarna. De första decennierna av 1800-talet innebar en allvarlig kris i renskötseln. Antalet renskötande fjällsamer minskade kraftigt, främst genom utvandring till norska kusten. Den intensiva renskötseln med mjölkning av renarna började ersättas av en extensiv renskötsel inriktad på köttproduktion de sista decennierna av 1800-talet. I norr var naturförhållandena och influenser från Kautokeino-samerna en viktig faktor, i söder utvecklades renskötseln i extensiv riktning främst därför att marknaden för renkött kom närmare renskötarna. Under 1920-talet upphörde mjölkningen av renar i Sverige, utom i några enstaka familjer. Då hade förflyttningarna av samer fr

  14. On the aetiology of Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hjalgrim, Henrik

    2012-07-01

    The thesis is based on seven publications in English and a review of the literature. The studies were carried out to contribute to the understanding of Hodgkin lymphoma epidemiology through descriptions of its occurrence and its association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection presenting as infectious mononucleosis. The investigations were supported by the Danish Cancer Society, the Swedish Cancer Society, the Danish Cancer Research Foundation, the Nordic Cancer Union, the Lundbeck Foundation, Plan Danmark, Danish National Research Foundation, Lily Benthine Lund's Foundation, Aase og Ejnar Danielsen's Foundation, Grosserer L. F. Foght's Foundation, the Leukaemia Reseach Fund, the Kay Kendall Leukaemia Fund, and the U.S. National Institutes of Health. The work was carried out in the period 1999-2010 during my employment at the Department of Epidemiology Research at Statens Serum Institut. The employed study designs included population-based incidence surveys of Hodgkin lymphoma in the Nordic countries and in Singapore, register-based cohort studies to characterise the pattern of cancer occurrence in patients with infectious mononucleosis and their first degree relatives, a register-based cohort and a population-based case-control study to characterise the association between infectious mononucleosis and Hodgkin lymphoma taking tumour EBV-status into consideration, and a case-series analysis to assess the association between HLA class I alleles and EBV-positive and EBV-negative Hodgkin lymphomas. Analyses of Nordic incidence data demonstrated that the occurrence of Hodgkin lymphoma had increased markedly younger adults in the period 1978-97, whereas it had decreased among older adults. In combination, these developments led to an accentuation of the younger adult Hodgkin lymphoma incidence peak, which has been a hallmark of Hodgkin lymphoma epidemiology in the Western hemisphere for more than a half century. The opposing incidence trends in younger and older

  15. Housing improvements for health and associated socio-economic outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, Hilary; Thomas, Sian; Sellstrom, Eva; Petticrew, Mark

    2013-02-28

    The well established links between poor housing and poor health indicate that housing improvement may be an important mechanism through which public investment can lead to health improvement. Intervention studies which have assessed the health impacts of housing improvements are an important data resource to test assumptions about the potential for health improvement. Evaluations may not detect long term health impacts due to limited follow-up periods. Impacts on socio-economic determinants of health may be a valuable proxy indication of the potential for longer term health impacts. To assess the health and social impacts on residents following improvements to the physical fabric of housing. Twenty seven academic and grey literature bibliographic databases were searched for housing intervention studies from 1887 to July 2012 (ASSIA; Avery Index; CAB Abstracts; The Campbell Library; CINAHL; The Cochrane Library; COPAC; DH-DATA: Health Admin; EMBASE; Geobase; Global Health; IBSS; ICONDA; MEDLINE; MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations; NTIS; PAIS; PLANEX; PsycINFO; RIBA; SCIE; Sociological Abstracts; Social Science Citations Index; Science Citations Index expanded; SIGLE; SPECTR). Twelve Scandinavian grey literature and policy databases (Libris; SveMed+; Libris uppsök; DIVA; Artikelsök; NORART; DEFF; AKF; DSI; SBI; Statens Institut for Folkesundhed; Social.dk) and 23 relevant websites were searched. In addition, a request to topic experts was issued for details of relevant studies. Searches were not restricted by language or publication status. Studies which assessed change in any health outcome following housing improvement were included. This included experimental studies and uncontrolled studies. Cross-sectional studies were excluded as correlations are not able to shed light on changes in outcomes. Studies reporting only socio-economic outcomes or indirect measures of health, such as health service use, were excluded. All housing improvements which