WorldWideScience

Sample records for business innovation research

  1. NASA Small Business Innovation Research program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Harry W.

    1985-01-01

    NASA activities in the framework of the 11-agency federal Small Business Innovation Research program are outlined in tables and graphs and briefly characterized. Statistics on the program are given; the technical topics covered are listed; and the procedures involved in evaluating applications for support are discussed. A number of typical defects in proposals are indicated, and recommendations for avoiding them are provided.

  2. 78 FR 48537 - Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs... Administration (SBA) is publishing the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program Commercialization Benchmark for the 11 participating agencies for public...

  3. Small business innovation research program solicitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration invites eligible small business concerns to submit Phase 1 proposals for its 1994 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, which is described in this twelfth annual NASA SBIR Program Solicitation. The 1994 solicitation period for Phase 1 proposals begins April 4, 1994 and ends June 15, 1994. Eligible firms with research or research and development capabilities (R/R&D) in any of the listed topic and subtopic areas are encouraged to participate. Through SBIR, NASA seeks innovative concepts addressing the program needs described in the SBIR solicitation subtopics and offering commercial application potential. This document contains program background information, outlines eligibility requirements for SBIR participants, describes the three SBIR program phases, and provides the information qualified offerors need to prepare and submit responsive proposals.

  4. 75 FR 15756 - Small Business Innovation Research Program Policy Directive

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... ADMINISTRATION RIN 3244-AF61 Small Business Innovation Research Program Policy Directive AGENCY: U.S. Small... announces a final amendment to the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program Policy Directive (PD... the Policy Directive; Small Business Innovation Research Program To: The Directors, Small...

  5. 77 FR 46909 - Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ... Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program Policy Directives... Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer Program (STTR) Policy... technology@sba.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background Information SBA is publishing Policy...

  6. Study of Impacts of Small Business Innovation Research Programs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Yong-hui

    2008-01-01

    The development and commercialization of new technologies are important to the global economy. In this paper, the author first addresses Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) background; then, implicitly defines SBIR; finally, I also analyze the intpacts of small business innovation research programs. There are four aspects: entrepreneurial orientation; environmental factors; organizational factors and performance.

  7. 78 FR 59410 - Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs... period for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR... Street SW., Washington, DC 20416; or send an email to Technology@sba.gov . Highlight the information...

  8. Innovative Research Strategies for Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Bridget N.

    2007-01-01

    An internal, ongoing debate that all professional areas of study have is how to understand the impact of shifting economies, demographics, technologies, and globalization. Much business education research focuses on describing current practices. To this end, issues are often addressed by using surveys that are analyzed using descriptive analysis…

  9. Software business models and contexts for software innovation: key areas software business research

    OpenAIRE

    Käkölä, Timo

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines business, design, and product development aspects of software business models. Contexts of small and large companies for creating software innovations are also analysed. Finally, software business research is called for and an agenda for software business research is presented to better understand the dynamics of the software industry and help create and manage successful software-intensive ventures.

  10. Small business innovation research: Program solicitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    This, the seventh annual SBIR solicitation by NASA, describes the program, identifies eligibility requirements, outlines the required proposal format and content, states proposal preparation and submission requirements, describes the proposal evaluation and award selection process, and provides other information to assist those interested in participating in NASA's SBIR program. It also identifies the Technical Topics and Subtopics in which SBIR Phase 1 proposals are solicited in 1989. These Topics and Subtopics cover a broad range of current NASA interests, but do not necessarily include all areas in which NASA plans or currently conducts research. High-risk high pay-off innovations are desired.

  11. Small business innovation research. Abstracts of 1988 phase 1 awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Non-proprietary proposal abstracts of Phase 1 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) projects supported by NASA are presented. Projects in the fields of aeronautical propulsion, aerodynamics, acoustics, aircraft systems, materials and structures, teleoperators and robots, computer sciences, information systems, data processing, spacecraft propulsion, bioastronautics, satellite communication, and space processing are covered.

  12. Business Model Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    FOSS, NICOLAI; Stieglitz, Nils

    2014-01-01

    We draw on the complementarity literature in economics and management research to dimensionalize business models innovations. Specifically, such innovation can be dimensionalized in terms of the depth and the breadth of the changes to the company’s business model that they imply. In turn, different business model innovations are associated with different management challenges and require different leadership interventions to become successful.

  13. Small Business Innovation Research. Abstracts of Phase I awards, 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1999-12-01

    This booklet presents technical abstracts of Phase I awards made in Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 under the DOE Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. SBIR research explores innovative concepts in important technological and scientific areas that can lead to valuable new technology and products. The work described in the abstracts is novel, high-risk research, but the benefits will also be potentially high if the objectives are met. Brief comments on the potential applications, as described by the awardee, are given after each abstract. Individuals and organizations, including venture capital and larger industrial firms, with an interest in the research described in any of the abstracts are encouraged to contact the appropriate small business directly.

  14. 10 CFR 600.381 - Special provisions for Small Business Innovation Research Grants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Special provisions for Small Business Innovation Research... Organizations Additional Provisions § 600.381 Special provisions for Small Business Innovation Research Grants. (a) General. This section contains provisions applicable to the Small Business Innovation...

  15. Small Business Innovation Research: Abstracts of Phase 1 awards, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-12-31

    The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program enables DOE to obtain effective, innovative solutions to important problems through the private sector, which has a commercial incentive to pursue the resulting technology and bring it to the marketplace. The growing number of awardees, many of them started in business in response to SBIR solicitations, is becoming a significant resource for the solution of high risk, high technology problems for the Department. As detailed here, this publication describes the technical efforts for SBIR Phase 1 awards in 1994. It is intended for the educated layman, and may be of particular interest to potential investors who wish to get in on the ground floor of exciting opportunities. Contained in this booklet are abstracts of the Phase 1 awards made in FY 1994 under the DOE SBIR program. The 212 Phase 1 projects described here were selected in a highly competitive process from a total of 2,276 grant applications received in response to the 1994 DOE annual SBIR Solicitation. The selections for awards were made on scientific and technical merit, as judged against the specific criteria listed in the Solicitation. Conclusions were reached on the basis of detailed reports returned by reviewers drawn from DOE laboratories, universities, private industry, and government. (Any discrepancies noted in prior DOE releases naming the firms selected for awards are due either to the firm changing its name after the award selection or to the firm not proceeding to a signed grant.) It is expected that between one-third and one-half of the Phase 1 projects will be continued into Phase 2. The work described in the abstracts is novel, high-risk research, but the benefits will also be potentially high if the objectives are met. Brief comments on the potential applications are given after each abstract. Individuals and organizations with an interest in the research described are encouraged to contact the appropriate small business directly.

  16. Business Model Innovation Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Rasmussen, Ole Horn

    2012-01-01

    Leading business model (BM) strategizing through “the field of innovation” has not yet been covered in business model and innovation leadership literature. This is a bit peculiar considering that there has been an increased focus on BM innovation (BMI) by academics and industry since 2011......”. This emphasizes the importance of questioning. How is BM innovation leadership (BMIL) carried out in companies related to various BM(s) and BMI tasks and throughout their business model innovation process? And, how can innovation leadership be related to BMI? A framework model for BMIL based on case research...

  17. Small Business Innovation Research, Post-Phase II Opportunity Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2015-01-01

    This report outlines current Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Post-Phase II opportunity contract award results for the SBIR technology program from 2007 to 2011 for NASA's Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD), Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD), Science Mission Directorate (SMD), and Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD). The report provides guidelines for incorporating SBIR technology into NASA programs and projects and provides a quantitative overview of the post-Phase II award patterns that correspond with each mission directorate at NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). In recent years, one of NASA's goals has been to not only transfer SBIR technologies to commercial industries, but to ensure that NASA mission directorates incorporate SBIR technologies into their program and project activities. Before incorporating technologies into MD programs, it is important to understand each mission directorate structure because each directorate has different objectives and needs. The directorate program structures follow.

  18. Small business innovation research: Abstracts of 1984. Phase 1 awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    On September 27, 1984, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration announced the selection of Phase I projects for the Small Business Innovation Research Program. These awards resulted from the evaluation of proposals submitted in response to the 1984 Program Solicitation, SBIR 84-1. In order to make available information on the technical content of the Phase I projects supported by the NASA SBIR Program, the abstracts of those proposals which resulted in awards of contracts are given. In addition, the name and address of the firm performing the work are given for those who may desired additional information about the project. Propulsion, aerodynamics, computer techniques, exobiology and composite materials are among the areas covered.

  19. Innovating Platform Business Models

    OpenAIRE

    Moser, Daniel; Gassmann, Oliver

    2016-01-01

    Digitalization, connected products and services, and shortening innovation cycles are widely discussed topics in management practice and theory and demand for new concepts. Platforms are such a concept and find successively entry into a growing number of companies. However, research did not yet address how business models for platforms can be innovated. Thus, we build on a multi-case study and analyze how three major companies, Amazon, Apple and Google innovated their business models. We foun...

  20. 48 CFR 227.7104 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. 227.7104 Section 227.7104 Federal Acquisition Regulations... Data and Computer Software—Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, when technical data or... PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Rights in Technical Data 227.7104 Contracts under the Small...

  1. 48 CFR 227.7204 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovative Research Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts under the Small Business Innovative Research Program. 227.7204 Section 227.7204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... under the Small Business Innovative Research Program. When contracting under the Small...

  2. Successes of Small Business Innovation Research at NASA Glenn Research Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Walter S.; Bitler, Dean W.; Prok, George M.; Metzger, Marie E.; Dreibelbis, Cindy L.; Ganss, Meghan

    2002-01-01

    This booklet of success stories highlights the NASA Glenn Research Center's accomplishments and successes by the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs. These success stories are the results of selecting projects that support NASA missions and also have high commercialization potential. Each success story describes the innovation accomplished, commercialization of the technology, and further applications and usages. This booklet emphasizes the integration and incorporation of technologies into NASA missions and other government projects. The company name and the NASA contact person are identified to encourage further usage and application of the SBIR developed technologies and also to promote further commercialization of these products.

  3. Business Models for Open Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saebi, Tina; Foss, Nicolai J.

    2015-01-01

    Research on open innovation suggests that companies benefit differentially from adopting open innovation strategies; however, it is unclear why this is so. One possible explanation is that companies' business models are not attuned to open strategies. Accordingly, we propose a contingency model...... of open business models by systematically linking open innovation strategies to core business model dimensions, notably the content, structure, governance of transactions. We further illustrate a continuum of open innovativeness, differentiating between four types of open business models. We contribute...... to the open innovation literature by specifying the conditions under which business models are conducive to the success of open innovation strategies....

  4. Business Models for Open Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saebi, Tina; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    Research on open innovation suggests that companies benefit differentially from adopting open innovation strategies; however, it is unclear why this is so. One possible explanation is that companies’ business models are not attuned to open strategies. Accordingly, we propose a contingency model...... of open business models by systematically linking open innovation strategies to core business model dimensions, notably the content, structure, governance of transactions. We further illustrate a continuum of open innovativeness, differentiating between four types of open business models. We contribute...... to the open innovation literature by specifying the conditions under which business models are conducive to the success of open innovation strategies....

  5. Business Model Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Dodgson, Mark; Gann, David; Phillips, Nelson; Massa, Lorenzo; Tucci, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    The chapter offers a broad review of the literature at the nexus between Business Models and innovation studies, and examines the notion of Business Model Innovation in three different situations: Business Model Design in newly formed organizations, Business Model Reconfiguration in incumbent firms, and Business Model Innovation in the broad context of sustainability. Tools and perspectives to make sense of Business Models and support managers and entrepreneurs in dealing with Business Model ...

  6. Private Equity and the Innovation Strategies of Entrepreneurial Firms: Empirical Evidence from the Small Business Innovation Research Program

    OpenAIRE

    Link, Albert N.; Ruhm, Christopher J.; Siegel, Donald S.

    2012-01-01

    There is great interest in evaluating the impact of private equity investments on innovation and economic growth. However, there is no direct empirical evidence on the effects of such transactions on the innovation strategies of entrepreneurial firms. We fill this gap by examining a rich project-level data set consisting of entrepreneurial firms receiving Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program research awards. We find that SBIR firms attracting private equity investments are signif...

  7. Small Business Innovation Research. Abstracts of Phase II awards, 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2000-12-01

    The SBIR program enables DOE to obtain effective, innovative solutions to important problems through the private sector, which has a commercial incentive to pursue the resulting technology and bring it to the marketplace. The growing number of awardees, many of them started in business in response to SBIR solicitations, is becoming a significant resource for the solution of high risk, high technology problems for the Department. As detailed below, this publication describes the technical efforts and commercialization possibilities for SBIR Phase II awards in Fiscal Year (FY) 2000. It is intended for the educated layman, and maybe of particular interest to potential investors who wish to get in on the ground floor of exciting opportunities.

  8. 48 CFR 252.227-7018 - Rights in noncommercial technical data and computer software-Small Business Innovation Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... technical data and computer software-Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. 252.227-7018 Section... Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. As prescribed in 227.7104(a), use the following clause: Rights in Noncommercial Technical Data and Computer Software—Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program (JUN...

  9. Organizational Learning, Strategic Flexibility and Business Model Innovation: An Empirical Research Based on Logistics Enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Yaodong; Cheng, Lin; Zhang, Jian

    Using the data of 237 Jiangsu logistics firms, this paper empirically studies the relationship among organizational learning capability, business model innovation, strategic flexibility. The results show as follows; organizational learning capability has positive impacts on business model innovation performance; strategic flexibility plays mediating roles on the relationship between organizational learning capability and business model innovation; interaction among strategic flexibility, explorative learning and exploitative learning play significant roles in radical business model innovation and incremental business model innovation.

  10. Successful business model innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Breiby, Eivind; Wanberg, Magnus Haug

    2011-01-01

    A global CEO study conducted by IBM in 2006 showed that business model innovation has a higher correlation with operating margin growth than any other type of innovation. It is therefore not surprising that business model innovation is a buzzword increasingly seen in business jargon and literature. However, the field is quite novel and finding ways of approaching and understanding the subject has been more elusive. This thesis presents a comprehensive and academically founded approach to busi...

  11. Business model innovation paths

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chesbrough, H.; Di Minin, A.D.; Piccaluga, A.

    2013-01-01

    This chapter explains the business model concept and explores the reasons why “innovation” and “innovation in services” are no longer exclusively a technological issue. Rather, we highlight that business models are critical components at the centre of business innovation processes. We also attempt t

  12. Business Model Innovation Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter

    2012-01-01

    When SME´s practice business model (BM) innovation (BMI), leading strategically BMs through the innovation process can be the difference between success and failure to a BM. Business Model Innovation Leadership (BMIL) is however extremely complex to carry out especially to small and medium size...

  13. Small Business Innovations (MISER)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Lightwave Electronics Corporation, Mountain View, CA, developed the Series 120 and 122 non-planner diode pumped ring lasers based on a low noise ring laser with voltage tuning that they delivered to Jet Propulsion Laboratory under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract. The voltage tuning feature allows "phase-locking" the lasers, making them "electronic," similar to radio and microwave electronic oscillators. The Series 120 and 122 can be applied to fiber sensing, coherent communications and laser radar.

  14. Small Business Innovations (Photodetector)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Epitaxx, Inc. of Princeton, NJ, developed the Epitaxx Near Infrared Room Temperature Indium-Gallium-Arsenide (InGaAs) Photodetector based on their Goddard Space Flight Center Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract work to develop a linear detector array for satellite imaging applications using InGaAs alloys that didn't need to be cooled to (difficult and expensive) cryogenic temperatures. The photodetectors can be used for remote sensing, fiber optic and laser position-sensing applications.

  15. Small Business Innovations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    The PER-Force Handcontroller was originally developed for the International Space Station under a Johnson Space Center Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract. Produced by Cybernet Systems Corporation, the unit is a force-reflecting system that manipulates robots or objects by "feel." The Handcontroller moves in six degrees of freedom, with real and virtual reality forces simulated by a 3-D molecular modeling software package. It is used in molecular modeling in metallurgy applications, satellite docking research, and in research on military unmanned ground vehicles.

  16. Small business innovation research. Abstracts of completed 1987 phase 1 projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Non-proprietary summaries of Phase 1 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) projects supported by NASA in the 1987 program year are given. Work in the areas of aeronautical propulsion, aerodynamics, acoustics, aircraft systems, materials and structures, teleoperators and robotics, computer sciences, information systems, spacecraft systems, spacecraft power supplies, spacecraft propulsion, bioastronautics, satellite communication, and space processing are covered.

  17. 77 FR 46805 - Small Business Innovation Research Program Policy Directive

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ... permitting small business concerns that are majority-owned by multiple venture capital operating companies... explain that agencies may not use investment of venture capital, hedge funds or private equity firms as a... venture capital operating companies (VCOCs), hedge funds or private equity firms. Specifically,...

  18. Business Model Innovations

    OpenAIRE

    Makarov, Daniil

    2012-01-01

    The thesis covers the phenomenon of business model innovation. It provides with theoretical background of the concept based on the works of several scientists who stand at the beginnings of the discipline. The paper also introduces the principles of design thinking applied to business model innovation in order to get superior results and serve as a guideline for ideation processes and presenting enhancements to existing business models. The practical part is devoted to applying the described ...

  19. Non-technological and Mixed Modes of Innovation in the United States. Evidence from the Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey, 2008-2011

    OpenAIRE

    Sanchez, Juana

    2014-01-01

     This paper presents a novel empirical study of innovation practices of U.S. com- panies and their relation to productivity levels using new business micro data from the Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey (BRDIS) for the years 2008-2011. The paper follows the work of Frenz and Lambert, who use factor analysis to reduce a set of inputs and outputs of innovation activities into four latent unob- served innovation modes or practic...

  20. Small business innovation research program solicitation: Closing date July 16, 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    This is the eighth annual solicitation by NASA addressed to small business firms, inviting them to submit proposals for research, or research and development, activities in some of the science and engineering areas of interest to NASA. The solicitation describes the Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) program, identifies eligibility requirements, outlines the required proposal format and content, states proposal preparation and submission requirements, describes the proposal evaluation and award selection process, and provides other information to assist those interested in participating in NASA's SBIR program. It also identifies the technical topics and subtopics for which SBIR proposals are solicited. These cover a broad range of current NASA interests, but do not necessarily include all areas in which NASA plans or currently conducts research. High-risk high pay-off innovations are desired.

  1. NASA Small Business Innovation Research Program. Composite List of Projects, 1983 to 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    The NASA SBIR Composite List of Projects, 1983 to 1989, includes all projects that have been selected for support by the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program of NASA. The list describes 1232 Phase 1 and 510 Phase 2 contracts that had been awarded or were in negotiation for award in August 1990. The main body is organized alphabetically by name of the small businesses. Four indexes cross-reference the list. The objective of this listing is to provide information about the SBIR program to anyone concerned with NASA research and development activities.

  2. NASA's Management and Utilization of the Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexcur, Winfield Paul

    2003-01-01

    The United Space Congress established the SBIR program in 1982 for the following purposes: ( 1) Stimulate technological innovation (2) Increase private-sector commercialization derived from federal R&D (3) Use small business to meet federal R&D needs (4) Foster and encourage participation by disadvantaged persons and women in technological innovation The STTR program was established in 1992 with the additional requirement of having a small business partner with a research institution (usually a university) for the purpose of transferring intellectual property from the research institution to the small business concern for enabling a government technical need and furthering the technological development for the purpose of developing commercial products. The government of Japan has established a program that models portions of the U.S. SBIR and STTR programs. They are very interested in how NASA has been so successful in fulfilling the Congressional objectives of these programs. In particular, they want to understand the management practices and incentives that are provided to enable partnerships between business enterprises, academia and government. The speech will also focus on some of the many successful technologies (on a conceptual level) that have been developed through NASA s SBIR and STTR programs and mechanisms used to promote cooperation between small businesses, large businesses, academia and government agencies within the United States. The speech is on a conceptual level, focusing on U.S. and NASA policies and management implementation practices. No enabling technical discussion will be held.

  3. Small Business Innovations (Cryostat)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    General Pneumatics Corporation, Scottsdale, AZ, developed an anti- clogging cryostat that liquifies gases by expansion for high pressure through a nozzle to produce cryorefrigeration based on their Kennedy Space Center Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) work to develop a Joule-Thomson (JT) expansion valve that is less susceptible to clogging by particles or condensed contaminants in the flow than a non-contaminating compressor in a closed cycle Linde-Hampson cryocooler used to generate cryogenic cooling for infrared sensors, super conductors, supercooled electronics and cryosurgery.

  4. Small Business Innovations (Helicopters)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    The amount of engine power required for a helicopter to hover is an important, but difficult, consideration in helicopter design. The EHPIC program model produces converged, freely distorted wake geometries that generate accurate analysis of wake-induced downwash, allowing good predictions of rotor thrust and power requirements. Continuum Dynamics, Inc., the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) company that developed EHPIC, also produces RotorCRAFT, a program for analysis of aerodynamic loading of helicopter blades in forward flight. Both helicopter codes have been licensed to commercial manufacturers.

  5. 77 FR 23229 - Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program-Phase I-Grant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... Law 106- 554, the ``Small Business Reauthorization Act of ] 2000, H.R. 5667'' enacted on December 21... Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program--Phase I--Grant Application Package SUMMARY: This application package invites small business concerns to submit a Phase I...

  6. 77 FR 23228 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program-Phase II...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... Public Law 106-554, the ``Small Business Reauthorization Act of 2000, H.R. 5667'' enacted on December 21... Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program--Phase II--Grant Application Package SUMMARY: This application package invites small business concerns to submit a Phase...

  7. The Conceptual Framework for Business Process Innovation:Towards a Research Program on Global Supply Chain Intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    Møller, Charles

    2006-01-01

    This paper proposes a research program on Business Process Innovation: Towards Global Supply Chain Intelligence. Few words are more ubiquitous in business or society today than "innovation". This reflects that businesses are striving for ways to survive and thrive in an increasingly complex and connected world (IBM 2006). Most industrial supply chains today are globally scattered and nearly all organizations rely on their Enterprise Information Systems (ES) for integration and coordination of...

  8. Crowdsourcing Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Waldner, Florian; Poetz, Marion

    Successfully adapting existing business models or developing new ones significantly influences a firm?s ability to generate profits and develop competitive advantages. However, business model innovation is perceived as a complex, risky and uncertain process and its success strongly depends...... on whether or not firms are capable of understanding and addressing their customers? needs. This study explores how crowdsourcing-based search approaches can contribute to the process of business model innovation. Drawing on data from a crowdsourcing initiative designed to develop ideas for new business...... models in the podcast industry, we provide first exploratory insights into the value of crowdsourcing for innovating a firm?s business model, and discuss which characteristics of crowd-contributors increase the quantity and quality of the outcome....

  9. Small Business Innovation Research. Program solicitation. Closing date: July 22, 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    The sixth annual Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) solicitation by NASA, describes the program, identifies eligibility requirements, outlines proposal preparation and submission requirements, describes the proposal evaluation and award selection process, and provides other information to assist those interested in participating in the SBIR program. It also identifies in Section 8.0 and Appendix D, the specific technical topics and subtopics in which SBIR Phase 1 proposals are solicited in 1988.

  10. Small Business Innovation Research. Program solicitation. Closing date: July 21, 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) invites small businesses to submit Phase 1 proposals in response to its Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program Solicitation 92-1. Firms with research or research and development capabilities (R/R&D) in science or engineering in any of the areas listed are encouraged to participate. This, the tenth annual SBIR solicitation by NASA, describes the program, identifies eligibility requirements, describes the proposal evaluation and award selection process, and provides other information to assist those interested in participating in NASA's SBIR program. It also identifies, in Section 8.0, the technical topics and subtopics in which SBIR Phase 1 proposals are solicited in 1992. These topics and subtopics cover a broad range of current NASA interests but do not necessarily include all areas in which NASA plans or currently conducts research. The NASA SBIR program seeks innovative approaches that respond to the needs, technical requirements, and new opportunities described in the subtopics. The focus is on innovation through the use of emerging technologies, novel applications of existing technologies, exploitation of scientific breakthroughs, or new capabilities or major improvements to existing technologies. NASA plans to select about 320 high-quality research or research and development proposals for Phase 1 contract awards on the basis of this Solicitation. Phase 1 contracts are normally six months in duration and funded up to $50,000, including profit. Selections will be based on the competitive merits of the offers and on NASA needs and priorities.

  11. 77 FR 30227 - Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    ... (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program AGENCY: U.S. Small Business... (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs. The proposed rule would implement... technological constraints, participation is limited to 125 registrants for the Webinar. If demand...

  12. 77 FR 76215 - Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-27

    ... (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program AGENCY: Small Business... Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs. This rule implements provisions of the National Defense... Edsel Brown, Assistant Director, Office of Technology, at (202) 205-7343. You may also email...

  13. The Impact of Research and Development for Business Innovations in Lithuania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalia Streimikiene

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to assess the impact of research and development on innovativeness of the country as research and development is one of the main drivers of economic development and creation of modern knowledge based economy stipulating efficient use of natural resources and reducing negative impact on environment. The paper analyzes the main Lithuanian policy documents aiming at promotion of knowledge economy, innovations and research and development and financing of research, technological development and innovation. The programmes aiming at modernization of enterprises and trends of sustainable industrial development in Lithuania are critically reviewed. The Summary Innovation Index (SII of Lithuania was applied to assess the impact of implementing policies promoting research and development in Lithuania. The analysis indicated that one of the main factors determining the relatively low Lithuanian SII is the insufficient level of investment in research and development (R&D. While R&D expenditure in the general government and higher education sectors corresponds to the EU average, it remains low in the business sector.

  14. Small Business Innovations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    Under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract to Kennedy Space Center, EIC Laboratories invented a Raman Spectrograph with fiber optic sampling for space applications such as sensing hazardous fuel vapors and making on-board rapid analyses of chemicals and minerals. Raman spectroscopy is a laser-based measurement technique that provides through a unique vibrational spectrum a molecular 'fingerprint,' and can function in aqueous environments. EIC combined optical fiber technology with Raman methods to develop sensors that can be operated at a distance from the spectrographic analysis instruments and the laser excitation source. EIC refined and commercialized the technology to create the Fiber Optic Raman Spectrograph and the RamanProbe. Commercial applications range from process control to monitoring hazardous materials.

  15. Small Business Innovations (Crystal Components)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Scientific Materials Corporation, Bozeman, MT developed the SciMax line of improved Nd:Yag crystals under an Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract with Langley Research Center. They reduced the amount of water trapped in the crystals during growth to improve the optical quality and efficiency. Applications of the crystals include fiber optics, telecommunications, welding, drilling, eye surgery and medical instrumentation.

  16. 78 FR 11745 - Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ... Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program; Correction AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration... Technology Transfer (STTR) programs. DATES: Effective February 20, 2013 and is applicable beginning January..., or Edsel Brown, Assistant Director, Office of Technology, at (202) 205-7343, or...

  17. Exploration through Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knab, Sebastian; Rohrbeck, René

    2015-01-01

    utilities in the emerging virtual power plant market. Based on the behavioral theory of the firm, we study how the cognitive and physical elements of an incumbent’s strategy can be changed and how these changes affect its business model innovation activities in the exploration process. Our preliminary......With this research we aim to enhance our understanding about how incumbents can explore emerging opportunities through business model innovation. Using a multiple-case, longitudinal research design spanning 2008 to 2014 we investigate exploration activities of the four largest German energy...... findings suggest that the use of synergies and probing can lead to changing physical elements and primarily increase business model maturity. CEO change and structural separation can lead to changing cognitive elements and primarily increase business model sophistication....

  18. A Tale of Two Small Business Grants: The Best of Times, the Worst of Times from the NASA Ames Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kojiro, Daniel R.; Lee, Geoffrey S.

    2006-01-01

    The purposes of the SBIR Program are to: stimulate technological innovation in the private sector; strengthen the role of Small Business Concerns (SBCs) in meeting Federal research and development needs; increase the commercial application of these research results; and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged persons and women-owned small businesses. The process can be highly rewarding, providing the small business with resources to pursue research and development with a focus on providing NASA with new and advanced capabilities. We present two examples of how the NASA Ames SBIR Program has addressed these purposes, nurturing innovative ideas from small, businesses into commercially viable products that also address analytical needs in space research. These examples, from the Science Instruments for Conducting Solar System Exploration Subtopic, describe the journey from innovative concept to analytical instrument, one successful and one hampered by numerous roadblocks (including some international intrigue}.

  19. 77 FR 28520 - Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-15

    ... by multiple venture capital operating companies, private equity firms or hedge funds. DATES: You must... provisions relating to businesses majority-owned by venture capital operating companies (VCOCs), hedge funds.... Department of Labor's definition for venture capital investment set forth in 29 CFR...

  20. Towards a Multi Business Model Innovation Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Jørgensen, Rasmus

    2012-01-01

    This paper studies the evolution of business model (BM) innovations related to a multi business model framework. The paper tries to answer the research questions: • What are the requirements for a multi business model innovation model (BMIM)? • How should a multi business model innovation model...... look like? Different generations of BMIMs are initially studied in the context of laying the baseline for how next generation multi BM Innovation model (BMIM) should look like. All generations of models are analyzed with the purpose of comparing the characteristics and challenges of previous...

  1. Abstracts of Phase I awards, 1983. Small Business Innovation Research program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Department of Energy (DOE) issued its first solicitation for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program on December 15, 1982, with a due date of March 1, 1983. Out of the 1734 proposals received, 106 were selected for Phase I funding totaling about $5 million. All projects selected are now under contract, with a period of performance typically of six months, starting in almost all cases on September 1, 1983. This publication provides abstracts of the projects selected, including brief comments on the potential applications as described by the proposer. Individuals and organizations, including venture capital and larger industrial firms, with an interest in the research described in any of the abstracts are encouraged to contact the respective company directly

  2. Small Business Innovations (Robotic Wrist)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Under a Langley Research Center Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract, Ross-Hime Designs, Inc. Minneapolis, MN, developed the Omni-Wrist actuator, which has a 25-pound capacity, 180 degrees of pitch/yaw, and 360 degrees of roll. Company literature calls it "the first successful singularity-free high-precision (robotic) wrist." Applications include spray painting, sealing, ultrasonic testing, welding and a variety of nuclear industry, aerospace and military uses.

  3. Small Business Innovations (Fiber Optics)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Foster-Miller, Inc. Waltham, MA developed the In-Situ Fiber Optic Polymer Reaction Monitor which could lead to higher yields and lower costs in complex composite manufacturing. The monitor, developed under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract with Langley Research Center, uses an infrared, fiber optic sensor to track the molecular vibrational characteristics of a composite part while it is being cured. It is the first analytical system capable of directly measuring the chemistry of advanced composite materials.

  4. Applying open source innovation approaches in developing business innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Annabeth; Lindgren, Peter

    2015-01-01

    of effective OI and its different applications. One of the OI applications receiving growing attention is the use of innovation contests in developing business model innovations. However little theoretical knowledge exists and limited empirical research has been performed on OI and how this is facilitated...... and managed effectively in developing business model innovation. The aim of this paper is therefore to close this research gap and to provide new knowledge within the research field of OI and OI applications. Thus, in the present study we explore the facilitation and management of open source innovation...... in developing business model innovation in the context of an international OI contest across five international case companies. The findings reveal six categories of key antecedents in effective facilitation and management of OI in developing business model innovation....

  5. The Conceptual Framework for Business Process Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Charles

    This paper proposes a research program on Business Process Innovation: Towards Global Supply Chain Intelligence. Few words are more ubiquitous in business or society today than "innovation". This reflects that businesses are striving for ways to survive and thrive in an increasingly complex....... Organizations today are required not only to operate effective business processes but they also need to accommodate to changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Consequently the ability to develop and implement new processes driven by the Enterprise Information Systems is a central competence in most...... industries, and furthermore it is a critical practice for a global enterprise. The next practice in Global Supply Chain Management is Business Process Innovation. Business Process Innovation is the transformation of a global supply chain driven by a new advanced Enterprise Information Systems technology...

  6. Open Business Model Innovation in Healthcare Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Rasmussen, Ole Horn; Poulsen, Helle;

    2012-01-01

    from the European and US healthcare sectors. The paper focuses on the following research questions: • How can OBMI be defined? • How is OBMI used in the healthcare sector? The paper concludes by proposing a definition of open and close business models, and open and close business model innovations.......The Open Innovation and Open Business Model Innovation (OBMI) approach (Chesbrough 2005, 2008) has been one of the most discussed innovation frameworks in the 2000s, and probably one of the most important contributions to business model innovations (BMIs) since 2005. Managers in the healthcare...... sector responsible for innovations have also tried to adapt the OBMI approach as a tool among the numerous other innovation tools. The aim of the paper is to present an initial study of the implementation of the framework of OBMI in the European healthcare sector. The study is naturally inspired...

  7. Small Business Innovations (Integrated Database)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Because of the diversity of NASA's information systems, it was necessary to develop DAVID as a central database management system. Under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant, Ken Wanderman and Associates, Inc. designed software tools enabling scientists to interface with DAVID and commercial database management systems, as well as artificial intelligence programs. The software has been installed at a number of data centers and is commercially available.

  8. An empirical research of the effect of internet-based innovation on business value.

    OpenAIRE

    Soto-Acosta, Pedro; Loukis, Euripidis; Colomo-Palacios, Ricardo; Lytras, Miltiadis D.

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, much debate about the value of information technology (IT) in general and e-business in particular and has been raised. Aiming to contribute to the investigation of whether and how Internet/WWW technologies create business value, this paper develops a conceptual model, grounded on a well established theoretical foundation from the strategic management domain, the resource-based view (RBV) of the firm, which analyzes web infrastructure and internet-based innovation as sources ...

  9. Directed Innovation of Business Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stelian Brad

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Business model innovation is an important issue to keep business competitive and increase company’s profits. Due to many market attractors, identification of appropriate paths of business model evolution is a painful and risky process. To improve decision’s effectiveness in this process, an architectural construct of analysis and conceptualization for business model innovation that combines directed evolution and blue ocean concepts is proposed in this paper under the name of directed innovation. It displays the key points where innovations would happen to direct adaptation of the business model towards sustainable competitiveness. Formulation of mature solutions is supported by inventive problem solving tools. The significance of the directed innovation approach is demonstrated in a case study dealing with business model innovation of a software company.

  10. Funding and Strategic Alignment Guidance for Infusing Small Business Innovation Research Technology into NASA Programs Associated with the Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2015-01-01

    This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) technologies that have gone through Phase II of the SBIR program into NASA Aeronautics and Mission Directorate (ARMD) programs. Other Government and commercial program managers can also find this information useful.

  11. Business models for open innovation: Matching heterogeneous open innovation strategies with business model dimensions

    OpenAIRE

    Saebi, Tina; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    2015-01-01

    Research on open innovation suggests that companies benefit differentially from adopting open innovation strategies; however, it is unclear why this is so. One possible explanation is that companies' business models are not attuned to open strategies. Accordingly, we propose a contingency model of open business models by systematically linking open innovation strategies to core business model dimensions, notably the content, structure, and governance of transactions. We further illustrate a c...

  12. Funding and Strategic Alignment Guidance for Infusing Small Business Innovation Research Technology Into Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate Projects at NASA Glenn Research Center for 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.; Morris, Jessica R.

    2015-01-01

    This document is intended to enable the more effective transition of NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) SBIR technologies funded by the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program as well as its companion, the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program into NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) projects. Primarily, it is intended to help NASA program and project managers find useful technologies that have undergone extensive research and development (RRD), through Phase II of the SBIR program; however, it can also assist non-NASA agencies and commercial companies in this process. aviation safety, unmanned aircraft, ground and flight test technique, low emissions, quiet performance, rotorcraft

  13. Small Business Innovation Research GRC Phase I, Phase II, and Post-Phase II Opportunity Assessment for 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2016-01-01

    This report outlines the 2015 Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) Phase I, Phase II, and Post-Phase II opportunity contract award results associated with NASA's Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD), Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD), Science Mission Directorate (SMD), and Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) for NASA Glenn Research Center. The report also highlights the number of Phase I, Phase II, and Post-Phase II contracts awarded by mission directorate. The 2015 Phase I contract awards to companies in Ohio and their corresponding technologies are also discussed.

  14. Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohrbeck, René; Günzel, Franziska; Uliyanova, Anastasia

    2012-01-01

    , anticipate and manage disruptions and prepare for an uncertain future. The research is based on the observation that strategic management in large companies is characterized by certain ignorance towards any changes occurring outside their current business area, and that to maintain a competitive position......In many industries, companies are faced with disruptions from emerging technologies, from the political and legislative environment, from alternative business models or from socio-cultural shifts. Research on strategic foresight (SF) has been aimed at investigating how companies achieve to identify...... over time continuous scanning, interpreting and reaction to such changes need to be established. Many studies have been able to show that establishing an SF system is judged as crucial by corporate management, but that paradoxically the implementation of successful practices remains limited. This can...

  15. Innovating through collaborative business models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerding, Allan Næs; Kringelum, Louise Tina Brøns

    -ered as a coherent system. The generalization is explicated in terms of different domi-nant market logics in which collaborative efforts can be positioned. Underlying this presentation, the paper argues that business model innovation involves uncertainty to the degree that innovation is based on cooperative efforts......, and that there exists a dialec-tical relationship between sources of selection and sources of survival, which tend to re-inforce one another. This constitutes a new aspect of business model innovation....

  16. Advisory Functions of Selected Polish Business Institutions in the Innovation Process in Enterprises – Research Conclusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna KUROWSKA-PYSZ

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper contains an analysis of innovation processes in enterprises, from the perspective of demand for knowledge, which companies increasingly obtain from business environment. This requires a discernment of valuable partners in the environment, who will provide professional transfer of knowledge to the company. Therefore, knowledge has become a product, and Polish universities and specialized, commercial knowledge providers are competing for the customer on the knowledge market. While knowledge transfer to companies is a secondary activity for Polish universities, specialized, commercial knowledge suppliers are making an effort of acquiring as much orders as possible. Therefore a natural competition between these two types of entities arises. In this paper the Author examines possibilities of supporting innovation-oriented enterprises by Polish universities and commercial providers of knowledge and formulates terms and conditions which will make cooperation between these two groups of entities possible, so as to transform the competition into cooperation, beneficial for both sides, and support innovative processes in enterprises.

  17. Business Models and Technological Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Baden-Fuller, C.; Haefliger, S.

    2013-01-01

    Business models are fundamentally linked with technological innovation, yet the business model construct is essentially separable from technology. We define the business model as a system that solves the problem of identifying who is (or are) the customer(s), engaging with their needs, delivering satisfaction, and monetizing the value. The framework depicts the business model system as a model containing cause and effect relationships, and it provides a basis for classification. We formulate ...

  18. How journal rankings can suppress interdisciplinary research: a comparison between innovation studies and business & management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I. Rafols; L. Leydesdorff; A. O'Hare; P. Nightingale; A. Stirling

    2012-01-01

    This study provides quantitative evidence on how the use of journal rankings can disadvantage interdisciplinary research in research evaluations. Using publication and citation data, it compares the degree of interdisciplinarity and the research performance of a number of Innovation Studies units wi

  19. Openness during business model innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Anna B.; Günzel, Franziska; Ulhøi, John Parm

    Literature on business model innovation portraits an open business model as a modern and lucrative approach to conducting business, and even as a way to engage in open innovation activities. Using archival data and interviews with key employees of the two largest media groups from Denmark, we show...... the recent developments in the Danish newspaper industry, especially how the Internet and related technology developments have disrupted the long-standing successful business model of the industry. Our findings suggest that a more nuanced understanding of the term ‘openness’ is needed since the opening...... of business models during technological dynamics may have far more diverse consequences than it has been reported in the literature so far and can even become a major threat to business viability....

  20. Small Business Innovations (Mass Microbalance)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Femtometrics of Costa Mesa, CA, developed the Model 200-1 SAW Mass Microbalance under a NASA Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract with Langley Research Center. The product is described as "the next generation of aerosol mass microbalance technology," because a new type of sensor, the Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) piezoelectric crystal, offers mass resolution two orders of magnitude greater than the Quartz Crystal Microbalance cascade impactor (QCM) (used at Langley since 1979 for collection and measurement of aerosol particles in the upper atmosphere). The Model 200-1 SAW Mass Microbalance, which provides a 400-fold increase in mass sensitivity per unit area over the QCM, can be used for real-time particle monitoring in clean rooms, measuring chemical vapors in very low concentrations, measuring target chemicals in the stratosphere and in industry as a toxic vapor monitor.

  1. COMMERCIALIZATION OF INNOVATIVE PRODUCTS IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

    OpenAIRE

    Vovk, V.; Serpuhov, M.

    2011-01-01

    The article is devoted to the commercialization of innovative products in international business. On the basis of the theoretical approaches to the commercialization of innovative products developed by a synthesis possible commercialization of innovative products in international business.

  2. A Research on the Relationship between Leadership Orientations and the Innovativeness of Owner-Managers in Turkish Businesses

    OpenAIRE

    Evren Ayranci

    2011-01-01

    Relevant literature notes that leadership in business contexts inspires innovativeness. This study considers this insight as a starting point but moves beyond the existing literature by focusing only on leaders to understand how leadership inspires a leader¡¯s own innovativeness. The author chose the people who own and manage a business (owner-managers) and used the perceptions of workers in businesses to evaluate the existence of leadership as well as leadership orientations of owner-manager...

  3. Incorporating Enterprise Risk Management in the Business Model Innovation Process

    OpenAIRE

    Yariv Taran; Harry Boer; Peter Lindgren

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Relative to other types of innovations, little is known about business model innovation, let alone the process of managing the risks involved in that process. Using the emerging (enterprise) risk management literature, an approach is proposed through which risk management can be embedded in the business model innovation process. Design: The integrated business model innovation risk management model developed in this paper has been tested through an action research study in a Dani...

  4. A Boolean Approach to Airline Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvass, Kristian Anders

    Research in business model innovation has identified its significance in creating a sustainable competitive advantage for a firm, yet there are few empirical studies identifying which combination of business model activities lead to success and therefore deserve innovative attention. This study...... analyzes the business models of North America low-cost carriers from 2001 to 2010 using a Boolean minimization algorithm to identify which combinations of business model activities lead to operational profitability. The research aim is threefold: complement airline literature in the realm of business model...... innovation, introduce Boolean minimization methods to the field, and propose alternative business model activities to North American carriers striving for positive operating results....

  5. Funding and Strategic Alignment Guidance for Infusing Small Business Innovation Research Technology into NASA Programs Associated with the Science Mission Directorate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2015-01-01

    This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) technologies that have gone through Phase II of the SBIR program into NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) programs. Other Government and commercial project managers can also find this information useful.

  6. Funding and Strategic Alignment Guidance for Infusing Small Business Innovation Research Technology Into NASA Programs Associated With the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2015-01-01

    This report is intended to help NASA program and project managers incorporate Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) technologies that have gone through Phase II of the SBIR program into NASA Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) programs. Other Government and commercial project managers can also find this information useful.

  7. Business model innovation: a temporal perspective

    OpenAIRE

    O Riordan, Niamh; O'Reilly, Philip; Duane, Aidan; Andreev, Pavel

    2014-01-01

    Recent years have seen an explosion in the number of academic and practitioner-oriented publications on business models and business model innovation. Indeed, companies that traditionally focused on product and service innovation, are turning toward business model innovation as an alternative orcomplement to product or process innovation. Nevertheless, companies struggle to innovate the business models through which commercialisable new ideas and technologies will pass. At the same time, the ...

  8. Innovating Business with Pinball Designs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Gudiksen, Sune Klok

    Many companies see the need to rethink their ways of doing business, in particular under the pervasive influence of Internet business. Design can play a prominent role here, as a way of expanding from a linear, rational conception of business model development. But rather than proposing ‘design t...... business models’ – for example in the form of pinball-like contraptions – encourage participants to play with hypotheses and experiment with scenarios as a way of innovating business models. In a sense this is ‘design thinking’ with hands and body.......Many companies see the need to rethink their ways of doing business, in particular under the pervasive influence of Internet business. Design can play a prominent role here, as a way of expanding from a linear, rational conception of business model development. But rather than proposing ‘design...... thinking’ as an abstract approach, this paper shows how design materials (as used routinely in the design profession), when introduced in a business context can engage a cross-disciplinary circle of stakeholders and challenge them to reconsider their business assumptions. We will show how ‘tangible...

  9. Antecedents and Consequences of Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Waldner, Florian; Poetz, Marion; Grimpe, Christoph;

    2015-01-01

    What makes firms innovate their business models? Why do they engage in innovating how they create, deliver, and capture value? And how does such innovation translate into innovation performance? Despite the importance of business model innovation for achieving competitive advantage, existing evid...

  10. BUSINESS INCUBATORS AND SUSTAINABLE INNOVATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schebesch Klaus Bruno

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Innovative businesses are often the result of collective action of organisations involved in many-sided market structures, which can be found in and around business incubators or technology centres. Within such frame environments, many group interests beyond those of single producers and their immediate clients exist and interfere. Rather generically, important economic outcomes of innovations are sequences of cost reduction events at the level of economic sectors, where the nature of (sector-wise technology is influencing the pace of these events. At the conceptual level, we describe the social learning and social innovation process which leads to sustainable innovation by means of the influence exerted by firms on each other within constrained environments such as business incubators. These environments need not to be organized according to any sector logic. We propose that the influence exerted between firms is increasing in firm similarity, in the degree of product complementarity, and also to depend on (mutual trust relations. We note that, very much in symmetry with the role of sustainability in society as a whole, in the world of firms and markets, the incubation process may be viewed as a moderator, which attempts to overcome the disadvantages of highly paced, short-term oriented capitalist economies. In sections 2 and 3 a concept for representing the societal forces shaping sustainability and incubation for the innovating firm is described and ways of transforming the concept into concrete tools of assessment and valuation are pointed at.

  11. Business model innovation: Creating value in times of change

    OpenAIRE

    Amit, Raphael; Zott, Christoph

    2010-01-01

    We highlight business model innovation as a way for general managers and entrepreneurs to create and appropriate value, especially in times of economic change. Business model innovation, which involves designing a modified or new activity system, relies on recombining the existing resources of a firm and its partners, and it does not require significant investments in R&D. We offer managers and researchers a conceptual primer on business model innovation emphasizing the importance of system-l...

  12. A Boolean Approach to Airline Business Model Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Hvass, Kristian

    2012-01-01

    Research in business model innovation has identified its significance in creating a sustainable competitive advantage for a firm, yet there are few empirical studies identifying which combination of business model activities lead to success and therefore deserve innovative attention. This study analyzes the business models of North America low-cost carriers from 2001 to 2010 using a Boolean minimization algorithm to identify which combinations of business model activities le...

  13. Business model dynamics and innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cavalcante, Sergio Andre; Kesting, Peter; Ulhøi, John Parm

    2011-01-01

    and routine research into the concept of business model. The main focus of the paper is on strategic and terminological issues. Findings – The paper offers a new, process-based conceptualization of business model, which recognizes and integrates the role of individual agency. Based on this, it distinguishes...... and specifies four different types of business model change: business model creation, extension, revision, and termination. Each type of business model change is associated with specific challenges. Practical implications – The proposed typology can serve as a basis for developing a management tool to evaluate...... the impact of specific changes to a firm's business model. Such a tool would be particularly useful in identifying path dependencies and resistance at the process level, and would therefore allow a firm's management to take focused action on this in advance. Originality/value – The paper makes two main...

  14. Service business model framework and the service innovation scope

    OpenAIRE

    Aa, van der, N.G.F.M.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we present a framework for service business models. We build on three streams of research. The first stream is the service management and marketing literature that focuses on the specific challenges of managing a service business. The second stream consists of research on e-business models. The third and most recent stream of research includes frameworks and business models from strategic management and innovation management. The next step in our research is the development of a...

  15. Business model innovation in SME context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Svend Ole; Brink, Tove

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to reveal how small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) can enable sustainable business model innovation (BMI) in the offshore wind turbine industry. A longitudinal empirical research on 10 SMEs within the wind turbine industry provides data for the findings....... The findings reveal interesting opportunities for BMI both within the SMEs, the SME network and in wider industrial context to increase awareness on business opportunities to act and hereby increase sustainable value. However, also boundaries occur for BMI, which can be difficult to crisscross. It is revealed...

  16. New business models for antibiotic innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    So, Anthony D; Shah, Tejen A

    2014-05-01

    The increase in antibiotic resistance and the dearth of novel antibiotics have become a growing concern among policy-makers. A combination of financial, scientific, and regulatory challenges poses barriers to antibiotic innovation. However, each of these three challenges provides an opportunity to develop pathways for new business models to bring novel antibiotics to market. Pull-incentives that pay for the outputs of research and development (R&D) and push-incentives that pay for the inputs of R&D can be used to increase innovation for antibiotics. Financial incentives might be structured to promote delinkage of a company's return on investment from revenues of antibiotics. This delinkage strategy might not only increase innovation, but also reinforce rational use of antibiotics. Regulatory approval, however, should not and need not compromise safety and efficacy standards to bring antibiotics with novel mechanisms of action to market. Instead regulatory agencies could encourage development of companion diagnostics, test antibiotic combinations in parallel, and pool and make transparent clinical trial data to lower R&D costs. A tax on non-human use of antibiotics might also create a disincentive for non-therapeutic use of these drugs. Finally, the new business model for antibiotic innovation should apply the 3Rs strategy for encouraging collaborative approaches to R&D in innovating novel antibiotics: sharing resources, risks, and rewards.

  17. Fuels and Space Propellants for Reusable Launch Vehicles: A Small Business Innovation Research Topic and Its Commercial Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palaszewski, Bryan A.

    1997-01-01

    Under its Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program (and with NASA Headquarters support), the NASA Lewis Research Center has initiated a topic entitled "Fuels and Space Propellants for Reusable Launch Vehicles." The aim of this project would be to assist in demonstrating and then commercializing new rocket propellants that are safer and more environmentally sound and that make space operations easier. Soon it will be possible to commercialize many new propellants and their related component technologies because of the large investments being made throughout the Government in rocket propellants and the technologies for using them. This article discusses the commercial vision for these fuels and propellants, the potential for these propellants to reduce space access costs, the options for commercial development, and the benefits to nonaerospace industries. This SBIR topic is designed to foster the development of propellants that provide improved safety, less environmental impact, higher density, higher I(sub sp), and simpler vehicle operations. In the development of aeronautics and space technology, there have been limits to vehicle performance imposed by traditionally used propellants and fuels. Increases in performance are possible with either increased propellant specific impulse, increased density, or both. Flight system safety will also be increased by the use of denser, more viscous propellants and fuels.

  18. Undergraduate Research as a Fate Accompli: Innovation and Evolution of a Student Conference in Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buff, Cheryl L.; Devasagayam, Raj

    2016-01-01

    The benefits of undergraduate research continue to receive academic attention and it is becoming an engaged learning practice present on many college campuses today. As research participation grows, an opportunity exists to showcase the work being accomplished and to use this public presentation to foster a culture of undergraduate research on…

  19. The Innovation Types Evaluation of Small Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Wen-jie; TANG Bing-yong; Ronald K. Mitchell; XING Xi-rong

    2002-01-01

    The technology innovation and technology innovation capability plays an important role in management study of small business's growth and development. In this paper, the types of innovation in small business are discussed. Then, a hierarchy comprehensive fuzzy index system evaluating the types of small businesses is proposed. Because of the fuzziness of 15 factors used to analyze the small business, L-R fuzzy number is applied to describe the basic fuzzy state index. Furthermore, the corresponding fuzzy evaluation algorithm is designed. An application example indicated the effects of the methods.

  20. Business Process Innovation using the Process Innovation Laboratory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Charles

    Most organizations today are required not only to establish effective business processes but they are required to accommodate for changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Many business processes extend beyond the boundary of the enterprise into the supply chain and the information...... process innovation (BPI) in future organizations. There is a significant body of knowledge on various aspect of process innovation, e.g. on conceptual modeling, business processes, supply chains and enterprise systems. Still an overall comprehensive and consistent theoretical framework with guidelines...... for practical applications has not been identified. The aim of this paper is to establish a conceptual framework for business process innovation in the supply chain based on advanced enterprise systems. The main approach to business process innovation in this context is to create a new methodology for exploring...

  1. Theory Building- Towards an understanding of business model innovation processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Companies today, in some industries more than others, invest more capital and resources just to stay competitive, develop more diverse solutions, and increasingly start to think more radically, when considering to innovate their business model. However, the development and innovation of business...... models is a complex venture and has not been widely researched yet. The objective of this paper is therefore 1) to build a [descriptive] theoretical understanding, based on Christensen's (2005) three-step procedure, to business models and their innovation and, as a result of that, 2) to strengthen...... researchers' and practitioners' perspectives as to how the process of business model innovation can be realized. By using various researchers' perspectives and assumptions, we identify relevant inconsistencies, which consequently lead us to propose possible supplementary solutions. We conclude our paper...

  2. Frugal Innovation and Green Business Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch

    2015-01-01

    The literature on ‘green business models’ is rapidly developing these years. This paper suggests that much existing work on green business models lacks a deeper theoretical understanding of eco-innovation and the green economy. The paper forwards an evolutionary economic perspective on green...... business models. This perspective departs in important ways from other approaches to green business models the implications of which are sought clarified and discussed in the paper. The paper argues for the need to link up green business model innovation to aggregate green economic change. The paper posits...... that the greening of the economy has reached such a stage of maturity where a generic ‘green business model’ is apparent. The paper points to eight characteristics of eco-innovation on the basis of which key changes to the business model are identified and schematised for the different stages of the green economic...

  3. Radioprotectors and Radiomitigators for Improving Radiation Therapy: The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Gateway for Accelerating Clinical Translation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasanna, Pataje G S; Narayanan, Deepa; Hallett, Kory; Bernhard, Eric J; Ahmed, Mansoor M; Evans, Gregory; Vikram, Bhadrasain; Weingarten, Michael; Coleman, C Norman

    2015-09-01

    Although radiation therapy is an important cancer treatment modality, patients may experience adverse effects. The use of a radiation-effect modulator may help improve the outcome and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients undergoing radiation therapy either by enhancing tumor cell killing or by protecting normal tissues. Historically, the successful translation of radiation-effect modulators to the clinic has been hindered due to the lack of focused collaboration between academia, pharmaceutical companies and the clinic, along with limited availability of support for such ventures. The U.S. Government has been developing medical countermeasures against accidental and intentional radiation exposures to mitigate the risk and/or severity of acute radiation syndrome (ARS) and the delayed effects of acute radiation exposures (DEARE), and there is now a drug development pipeline established. Some of these medical countermeasures could potentially be repurposed for improving the outcome of radiation therapy and HRQOL of cancer patients. With the objective of developing radiation-effect modulators to improve radiotherapy, the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Development Center at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), supported by the Radiation Research Program (RRP), provided funding to companies from 2011 to 2014 through the SBIR contracts mechanism. Although radiation-effect modulators collectively refer to radioprotectors, radiomitigators and radiosensitizers, the focus of this article is on radioprotection and mitigation of radiation injury. This specific SBIR contract opportunity strengthened existing partnerships and facilitated new collaborations between academia and industry. In this commentary, we assess the impact of this funding opportunity, outline the review process, highlight the organ/site-specific disease needs in the clinic for the development of radiation-effect modulators, provide a general understanding of a framework for gathering

  4. Radioprotectors and Radiomitigators for Improving Radiation Therapy: The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Gateway for Accelerating Clinical Translation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasanna, Pataje G S; Narayanan, Deepa; Hallett, Kory; Bernhard, Eric J; Ahmed, Mansoor M; Evans, Gregory; Vikram, Bhadrasain; Weingarten, Michael; Coleman, C Norman

    2015-09-01

    Although radiation therapy is an important cancer treatment modality, patients may experience adverse effects. The use of a radiation-effect modulator may help improve the outcome and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients undergoing radiation therapy either by enhancing tumor cell killing or by protecting normal tissues. Historically, the successful translation of radiation-effect modulators to the clinic has been hindered due to the lack of focused collaboration between academia, pharmaceutical companies and the clinic, along with limited availability of support for such ventures. The U.S. Government has been developing medical countermeasures against accidental and intentional radiation exposures to mitigate the risk and/or severity of acute radiation syndrome (ARS) and the delayed effects of acute radiation exposures (DEARE), and there is now a drug development pipeline established. Some of these medical countermeasures could potentially be repurposed for improving the outcome of radiation therapy and HRQOL of cancer patients. With the objective of developing radiation-effect modulators to improve radiotherapy, the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Development Center at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), supported by the Radiation Research Program (RRP), provided funding to companies from 2011 to 2014 through the SBIR contracts mechanism. Although radiation-effect modulators collectively refer to radioprotectors, radiomitigators and radiosensitizers, the focus of this article is on radioprotection and mitigation of radiation injury. This specific SBIR contract opportunity strengthened existing partnerships and facilitated new collaborations between academia and industry. In this commentary, we assess the impact of this funding opportunity, outline the review process, highlight the organ/site-specific disease needs in the clinic for the development of radiation-effect modulators, provide a general understanding of a framework for gathering

  5. Self-monitoring surveillance system for prestressing tendons. Phase I small business innovation research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Assured safety and operational reliability of post-tensioned concrete components of nuclear power plants are of great significance to the public, electric utilities, and regulatory agencies. Prestressing tendons provide principal reinforcement for containment and other structures. In this phase of the research effort, the feasibility of developing a passive surveillance system for identification of ruptures in tendon wires was evaluated and verified. The concept offers high potential for greatly increasing effectiveness of presently-utilized periodic tendon condition surveillance programs. A one-tenth scale ring model of the Palo Verde nuclear containment structure was built inside the Structural Laboratory. Dynamic scaling (similitude) relationships were used to relate measured sensor responses recorded during controlled wire breakages to the expected prototype containment tendon response. Strong and recognizable signatures were detected by the accelerometers used. It was concluded that the unbonded prestressing tendons provide an excellent path for transmission of stress waves resulting from wire breaks. Accelerometers placed directly on the bearing plates at the ends of tendons recorded high-intensity waveforms. Accelerometers placed elsewhere on concrete surfaces of the containment model revealed substantial attenuation and reduced intensities of captured waveforms. Locations of wire breaks could be determined accurately through measurement of differences in arrival times of the signal at the sensors. Pattern recognition systems to be utilized in conjunction with the proposed concept will provide a basis for an integrated and automated tool for identification of wire breaks

  6. Self-monitoring surveillance system for prestressing tendons. Phase I small business innovation research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tabatabai, H.

    1995-12-01

    Assured safety and operational reliability of post-tensioned concrete components of nuclear power plants are of great significance to the public, electric utilities, and regulatory agencies. Prestressing tendons provide principal reinforcement for containment and other structures. In this phase of the research effort, the feasibility of developing a passive surveillance system for identification of ruptures in tendon wires was evaluated and verified. The concept offers high potential for greatly increasing effectiveness of presently-utilized periodic tendon condition surveillance programs. A one-tenth scale ring model of the Palo Verde nuclear containment structure was built inside the Structural Laboratory. Dynamic scaling (similitude) relationships were used to relate measured sensor responses recorded during controlled wire breakages to the expected prototype containment tendon response. Strong and recognizable signatures were detected by the accelerometers used. It was concluded that the unbonded prestressing tendons provide an excellent path for transmission of stress waves resulting from wire breaks. Accelerometers placed directly on the bearing plates at the ends of tendons recorded high-intensity waveforms. Accelerometers placed elsewhere on concrete surfaces of the containment model revealed substantial attenuation and reduced intensities of captured waveforms. Locations of wire breaks could be determined accurately through measurement of differences in arrival times of the signal at the sensors. Pattern recognition systems to be utilized in conjunction with the proposed concept will provide a basis for an integrated and automated tool for identification of wire breaks.

  7. Innovation budgeting over the business cycle and innovation performance

    OpenAIRE

    Hud, Martin; Rammer, Christian

    2015-01-01

    The global economic crisis of 2008/2009 hit many firms hard. Faced with rapidly declining sales and highly uncertain economic prospects, firms had to cut costs and reconsider their business strategies. With respect to innovation, cost cutting often means to stop or underresource innovation projects which may harm a firm’s long-term competitiveness. Firms may therefore refrain from reducing innovation budgets during crises but rather deliberately allocate more resources to innov...

  8. BUSINESS DOMINANT POSITION IN INNOVATION PROCESS

    OpenAIRE

    BABYCH T.O.

    2015-01-01

    In the international competitive environment innovative development acquires the special urgency for the nation. Innovation is no longer seen as a stochastic process. was The systematic implementation and stimulation of innovation have become the paradigm of economic development for the most of the world. It is important to form and to exploit new methodologies and tools for innovation policy. Such instruments should cover all the factors and results. So the large and small business should be...

  9. Business process Innovation – The LEGO Case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Charles; Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård

    2006-01-01

    process innovation (BPI) in future organizations. This paper explores the applicability of one particular methodology for Business Process Innovation to deal with the challenge that the LEGO organization is facing with the alignment of their product development process and their supply chain. The paper......Most organizations today are required not only to establish effective business processes but they are required to accommodate for changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Many business processes extend beyond the boundary of the enterprise into the supply chain and the information...... infrastructure therefore is critical. Today nearly every business relies on their Enterprise System (ES) for process integration and the future generations of Enterprise Systems will increasingly be driven by business process models. Consequently process modelling and improvement will become vital for business...

  10. Managing risks in business model innovation processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Companies today, in some industries more than others, invest more capital and resources just to stay competitive, develop more diverse solutions, and increasingly start thinking more radically when considering their business models. However, despite the understanding that business model (BM......) innovation is a risky enterprise, many companies are still choosing not to apply any risk management in the BM innovation process. The objective of this paper is to develop a better understanding of how risks are handled in the practice of BM innovation. An analysis of the BM innovation experiences of two...

  11. Towards an understanding of business model innovation processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Companies today, in some industries more than others, invest more capital and resources just to stay competitive, develop more diverse solutions, and increasingly start to think more radically, when considering to innovate their business model. However, the development and innovation of business...... models is a complex venture and has not been widely researched yet. The objective of this paper is therefore 1) to build a [descriptive] theoretical understanding, based on Christensen’s (2005) three-step procedure, to business models and their innovation and, as a result of that, 2) to strengthen...... researchers’ and practitioners’ perspectives as to how the process of business model innovation can be realized. By using various researchers’ perspectives and assumptions, we identify relevant inconsistencies, which consequently lead us to propose possible supplementary solutions. We conclude our paper...

  12. Achieving business model innovation in large corporations

    OpenAIRE

    Winterhalter, Stephan; Weiblen, Tobias; Wecht, Christoph; Gassmann, Oliver

    2014-01-01

    Despite the fact that business model innovation (BMI) has attracted intense scholarly attention, there is a paucity of insights concerning the organizational implementation of BMI efforts in large corporations. This paper investigates how business model innovation is managed in the complex environment of the chemical industry and derives consequences for the establishment of a systematic BMI process in large corporations. Based on a multiple case study design, we identify three different type...

  13. UK businesses bag innovation awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Michael

    2015-09-01

    Five UK firms have received innovation awards from the Institute of Physics (IOP), which publishes Physics World. Hallmarq Veterinary Imaging, Metrasens, M Squared Lasers, Silixa and Tracerco have all won an IOP award for developing new innovative products.

  14. Organizational Aspects of Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sund, Kristian J.; Villarroel, Juan Andrei; Bogers, Marcel

    2014-01-01

    of the organizational (re)design aspects inherent to business model innovation is still very incomplete. In this study, we investigate the organizational (re)design challenges for incumbent organizations in mature industries when they need to reinvent their business model in reaction to disruptive changes...... in their environment. Our empirical setting focuses on national postal operators in the European postal industry. Using an inductive case study we distinguish between two stages within business model innovation: namely, business model exploration and business model exploitation. Focusing on the former, our findings......Organizations are often challenged to find new ways of creating and capturing value to compete with new entrants and disruptive technologies. Several studies have addressed some of the organizational barriers that incumbents face when developing new business models, but our understanding...

  15. The Journey of Business Model Innovation in Media Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik; Sund, Kristian J.

    models. We find evidence for the existence of three separate stages in this innovation process, which we call business model innovation awareness, business model exploration, and business model exploitation. We furthermore find and document how different building blocks act, and interact as enablers...... or facilitators of innovation in each stage of the business model innovation process....

  16. Key success factors for innovative business models

    OpenAIRE

    Marta Káradóttir 1987

    2015-01-01

    This MSc thesis seeks to uncover the fundamental key success factors, which new ventures or startups acquire to creating innovative business models. In particular the sector under investigation is design retailing, a B2B and B2C selling plan of design goods. The study aims to identify and analyse successful strategic approaches to the latter, more significantly how can new ventures achieve a sustainable business model. This subject is particularly relevant and significant for future business ...

  17. Business Model Innovation through Second Hand Retailing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvass, Kerli Kant

    2015-01-01

    The issue of business model innovation for sustainability is becoming increasingly relevant for fashion companies. This paper investigates how the resell of a fashion brand's own product can facilitate business model adaption towards sustainability. Based on a single revelatory case study...... the article highlights a premium fashion brand's endeavours in prolonging their products life through resell activities and the main issues, challenges and opportunities the brand can encounter in integrating this strategy into its existing business model....

  18. Business services in Germany: bridges for innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Czarnitzki, Dirk; Spielkamp, Alfred

    2000-01-01

    During the last 20 years, R&D and innovation activities in the service sector have clearly increased. Especially business services are believed to be one of the main drivers of technical changes and economic progress. Looking at the labour indices calculated over the period from 1982 to 1996 one notices a remarkable increase of over 70 percent for the business services. About 8 percent of total employment in West Germany is in business services. In particular, by taking advantage of informati...

  19. Innovation and Adoption of Electronic Business Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Sülzle, Kai

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a duopoly model of e-business technology adoption. A leader and a follower benefit from a new e-business technology with uncertain quality depending on its innovation and adoption cost and both firms’ adoption timing. When innovation and adoption require large set-up costs, the leader favors quick adoption by the follower. The follower prefers either late or no adoption. This is due to a delayed first-mover benefit which stems from an innovators’ capability to impose a new...

  20. Business Strategies of SME’s, Innovation Types and Factors Influencing Their Innovation: Burdur Model

    OpenAIRE

    Ozlem CETINKAYA BOZKURT; Kalkan, Adnan

    2014-01-01

    Innovation is what we may call the most significant means of changing and rearranging life through research-and-development and production of technology, including the outcomes in economy. Improvements to innovation support rapid change in information production. Therefore, it is crucial for businesses to apply innovation management to survive and prosper in this age of information. From this point of view, the research aims to investigate the properties of SMEs in Burdur concerning strategy,...

  1. User involvement and supporting tools in business-to-business service innovations: Insights from Facility Management services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nardelli, Giulia

    and expectations with respect to such service innovation. In addition the study reveals that face-to-face tools are preferred to ICT-based tools in business-to-business FM service innovations. Research limitations/implications – As in all qualitative research, the main limitation of our study......Purpose – This article investigates and conceptualizes user involvement in business-to-business service innovations as well as the tools that are used to support interactions in such a service innovation process. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses a qualitative research approach to answer...... the research question. By following Miles and Huberman (1984)’s this study started with a literature review of studies investigating service innovation, service innovations models, user roles and tools in service innovation in general, to conduct an empirical investigation in facility management (FM) services...

  2. Barriers to Business Model Innovation in Swedish Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olof Sivertsson

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Swedish agricultural companies, especially small farms, are struggling to be profitable in difficult economic times. It is a challenge for Swedish farmers to compete with imported products on prices. The agricultural industry, however, supports the view that through business model innovation, farms can increase their competitive advantage. This paper identifies and describes some of the barriers Swedish small farms encounter when they consider business model innovation. A qualitative approach is used in the study. Agriculture business consultants were interviewed. In a focus group led by the researchers, farmers discussed business model innovation, including the exogenous and endogenous barriers to such innovation. The paper concludes many barriers exist when farmers consider innovation of agricultural business models. Some barriers are caused by human factors, such as individuals’ attitudes, histories, and traditions. Other barriers are more contextual in nature and relate to a particular industry or company setting. Still other barriers, such as government regulations, value chain position, and weather, are more abstract. All barriers, however, merit attention when Swedish agricultural companies develop new business models.

  3. Conceptualizing strategic business model innovation leadership for business survival and business model innovation excellence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Abdullah, Maizura Ailin

    2013-01-01

    rather than what they actually demand. Few businesses have the ability to proactively lead BMIs and on a strategic level lead BMIs to something that fits the business’s long term perspective (Hamel 2011). Apple, Ryanair, Facebook, Zappo are some businesses that have shown BMI Leadership (BMIL......) in a proactive way - and more importantly, as some examples of first level BMIL. The overall aim of the BMIL is to prevent businesses from being marginalized by the BMI and thereby to optimize the business’s total BMI investment. The literature research and case research we studied gave us some important...

  4. Openness in innovation and business models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Anna B.; Günzel, Franziska; Ulhøi, John Parm

    2013-01-01

    models in the newspaper industry. Based on interviews with key informants from the two largest media groups in Denmark, together with archival data from 2002 to 2011, we show how the internet and related technology developments have disrupted the long-standing successful business model of the industry......The literature on open innovation portrays open business models as a contemporary and extremely useful tool, which can be used by companies to create and capture value in collaboration with external partners. This paper takes the discussion a step further by examining the effect of opening business....... Our findings suggest that a more nuanced view and balanced understanding of the term ‘openness’ as regards business models is needed, since open business models may have other manifestations and implications for business model viability than have been reported in the literature so far....

  5. Open Innovation at NASA: A New Business Model for Advancing Human Health and Performance Innovations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Jeffrey R.; Richard, Elizabeth E.; Keeton, Kathryn E.

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a new business model for advancing NASA human health and performance innovations and demonstrates how open innovation shaped its development. A 45 percent research and technology development budget reduction drove formulation of a strategic plan grounded in collaboration. We describe the strategy execution, including adoption and results of open innovation initiatives, the challenges of cultural change, and the development of virtual centers and a knowledge management tool to educate and engage the workforce and promote cultural change.

  6. Skilled Toy Train Discussions about Business Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Beuthel, Marie Rosa

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we show how industrialists in an innovation workshop employ tangible material – a toy train set – to innovate their business model. In multidisciplinary teams the process of co-creating new understandings is crucial for work to progress. Based on video data form this participatory...... innovation session, we investigate how participants get to new concepts through analysing their skilled behaviours, movements, actions and negotiations. We observe that the final result of the workshop is indeed innovative and is co-constructed by all group members. We show why the toy train works: While...... encouraging group discussion of the ‘customer journey’, it keeps both hands and mind busy, it allows silent participation, and it expands the vocabulary of the discussion....

  7. Disruptive Innovation in Chinese and Indian Businesses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    markets, has made these emerging economies fertile ground for developing and applying disruptive innovations. A novel mix of key attributes distinctive from those of established technologies or business models, disruptive innovations are typically inferior, yet affordable and "good-enough" products...... or services, which originate in lower-end market segments, but later move up to compete with those provided by incumbent firms. This book sheds new light on disruptive innovations both from and for the bottom of the pyramid in China and India, from the point of view of local entrepreneurs and international...... firms seeking to operate their businesses there. It covers both the theoretical and practical implications of disruptive innovation using conceptual frameworks alongside detailed case studies, whilst also providing a comparison of conditions and strategic options in India and China. Further, unlike...

  8. Exploring IT roles in business process innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gong, Jie; Møller, Charles

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the relationships between IT and Business process innovation (BPI) through examining IT roles in the processes of BPI. BPI is an innovative activity in business which has been paying more attention in recent years. However it is often confused with other process...... the answer to these two questions, the definition of BPI in academia and the relationships with other popular process-orientation activities in practice are reviewed, then a framework of comprehensive understanding of BPI is put forward, and thereafter the interactions between IT and BPI are explored...

  9. Learning while (re-)configuring: business model innovation processes in established firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berends, H.; Smits, A.A.J.; Reymen, I.; Podoynitsyna, K.

    2013-01-01

    Although business model innovation may be a significant source of competitive advantage, the process of business model innovation has received scant attention in research. Therefore, we address the question of how established organizations develop and refine new configurations of business model comp

  10. Business models and business model innovation in a “Secure and Distributed Cloud Clustering (DISC) Society”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Taran, Yariv

    2011-01-01

    The development and innovation of business models to a secure distributed cloud clustering society (DISC)—is indeed still a complex venture and has not been widely researched yet. Numerous types of security technologies are in these years proposed and in the “slip stream” of these the study...... of secure business models and how business models can be operated and innovated in a secure context have intensified tremendously. The development of new mobile and wireless security technologies gives hopes to really realize a secure cloud clustering society where business models can act and be innovated...... secure—but we still have some steps to go before we reach the final destination. The paper gives a conceptual futuristic outlook on behalf of the input from SW2010 and state of the art business model research to what we can expect of business Model and business model innovation in a future secure cloud...

  11. Knowledge-intensive Business Services in National Innovation Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI Jiang; TOIVONEN Marja

    2006-01-01

    In order to find the roles of knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) in the innovation activities, This paper focus on three perspectives. First, we find that KIBS possess good prerequisites to function as vehicles in innovation distribution, the sources of innovation and the facilitators of innovation in their client firms. Second, we further discuss KIBS as the knowledge and innovation infrastructure of society in parallel with the research, educational and other public institutions. Third, we present some research policies and agenda to promote the development of KIBS. It is regarded that much remains to be studied both in the use of KIBS and in their own activities, including integrating and networking the knowledge-intensive services into the client companies, the convergence of various services and closer connection with the client companies' strategy, and the national policies to connect the KIBS to the different sectors.

  12. Principles of Information Visualization for Business Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan I. ANDONE

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available In the era of data-centric-science, a large number of visualization tools have been created to help researchers understand increasingly rich business databases. Information visualization is a process of constructing a visual presentation of business quantitative data, especially prepared for managerial use. Interactive information visualization provide researchers with remarkable tools for discovery and innovation. By combining powerful data mining methods with user-controlled interfaces, users are beginning to benefit from these potent telescopes for high-dimensional spaces. They can begin with an overview, zoom in on areas of interest, filter out unwanted items, and then click for details-on-demand. With careful design and efficient algorithms, the dynamic queries approach to data exploration can provide 100 msec updates even for million-record databases. Visualizations of business information are therefore widely used in actually business decision support systems, and by business researchers also. Visual user interfaces called dashboards are tools for reporting the status of a company and its business environment to facilitate business intelligence and performance management activities. In this study, we examine the research on concepts, and the principles of business information visualization, because we hope to be using correctly by business Ph.D. students in their researches. Visual representations are likely to improve business managers, and business researchers efficiency, offer new insights, and encouraging comparisons.

  13. Exploring business model innovation in professional service firms: Insights from architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Lieftink, B.; Bos-De Vos, M.; Lauche, K.; Smits, A

    2014-01-01

    Business model innovation may be a significant source of competitive advantage and firm performance. New ways of doing business have become increasingly important in the professional service sector. This research specifically focuses on business model innovation by architecture firms, which are suffering from the current financial crisis and changes in the architecture, engineering and construction industry. Architecture firms need to innovate not only their services, but also make more funda...

  14. International Business Travel: An Engine of Innovation?

    OpenAIRE

    Nune Hovhannisyan; Wolfgang Keller

    2010-01-01

    While it is well known that managers prefer in-person meetings for negotiating deals and selling their products, face-to-face communication may be particularly important for the transfer of technology because technology is best explained and demonstrated in person. This paper studies the role of short-term cross-border labor movements for innovation by estimating the recent impact of U.S. business travel to foreign countries on their patenting rates. Business travel is shown to have a signifi...

  15. Principles of Information Visualization for Business Research

    OpenAIRE

    Ioan I. ANDONE

    2008-01-01

    In the era of data-centric-science, a large number of visualization tools have been created to help researchers understand increasingly rich business databases. Information visualization is a process of constructing a visual presentation of business quantitative data, especially prepared for managerial use. Interactive information visualization provide researchers with remarkable tools for discovery and innovation. By combining powerful data mining methods with user-controlled interfaces, use...

  16. The 4I-framework of business model innovation : A structured view on process phases and challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Frankenberger, Karolin; Weiblen, Tobias; Csik, Michaela; Gassmann, Oliver

    2013-01-01

    Business model innovation has received rising attention as a means for firms to achieve superior performance. Yet, as we argue based on a review of related literature, the research field so far lacks a comprehensive framework that supports managers in their endeavour to innovative their firms' business models. Based on process models from innovation management literature and insights from 14 cases of past business model innovations, we develop the 4I-framework that structures the business mod...

  17. Small Business Innovations (Automated Information)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Bruce G. Jackson & Associates Document Director is an automated tool that combines word processing and database management technologies to offer the flexibility and convenience of text processing with the linking capability of database management. Originally developed for NASA, it provides a means to collect and manage information associated with requirements development. The software system was used by NASA in the design of the Assured Crew Return Vehicle, as well as by other government and commercial organizations including the Southwest Research Institute.

  18. The Physical Internet and Business Model Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diane Poulin

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Building on the analogy of data packets within the Digital Internet, the Physical Internet is a concept that dramatically transforms how physical objects are designed, manufactured, and distributed. This approach is open, efficient, and sustainable beyond traditional proprietary logistical solutions, which are often plagued by inefficiencies. The Physical Internet redefines supply chain configurations, business models, and value-creation patterns. Firms are bound to be less dependent on operational scale and scope trade-offs because they will be in a position to offer novel hybrid products and services that would otherwise destroy value. Finally, logistical chains become flexible and reconfigurable in real time, thus becoming better in tune with firm strategic choices. This article focuses on the potential impact of the Physical Internet on business model innovation, both from the perspectives of Physical-Internet enabled and enabling business models.

  19. Complexity and innovation in business systemswith focus on transitional countries

    OpenAIRE

    August Turina

    2004-01-01

    This paper is a review from a business analyst's perspective of innovation and complexity concept and their impact upon the paths of business systems and organisations as wholes. Its task is also to catalyse a broader discussion on innovation segment that is by itself complex and its importance to business in a growing complex environment. The argument is that innovations should be the main driving force of business and other social systems due to their path-dependent and positive feedback fe...

  20. Adoption of Innovation from the Business Sector by Post-Primary Education Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazzan, Orit; Zelig, Dafna

    2016-01-01

    Business organizations adopt innovation with the objective of meeting competition and improving their business performance; education organizations, likewise, operate in a competitive environment, are evaluated by stakeholders, and adopt innovation. The research presented here links these two sectors; its objective was to characterize the process…

  1. Innovation, Corporate Strategy, and Cultural Context: What Is the Mission for International Business Communication?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulijn, Jan; O'Hair, Dan; Weggeman, Mathieu; Ledlow, Gerald; Hall, H. Thomas

    2000-01-01

    Reviews relevant literature in the areas of communication and innovation and explores how efforts toward innovative practices are directly related to globalism and business strategy. Focuses on issues associated with national culture, corporate culture, and professional culture that are relevant to strategies for researching business communication…

  2. About Millenials, New Technology and Researching Business Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Bátiz-Lazo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Online resources for business research will be an innovative space that will help the community around the Journal of Evolutionary Studies in Business to sift through interesting and useful resources online to explore, research and teach the diverse, complex and global world of business.

  3. About Millenials, New Technology and Researching Business Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Bernardo Bátiz-Lazo

    2016-01-01

    Online resources for business research will be an innovative space that will help the community around the Journal of Evolutionary Studies in Business to sift through interesting and useful resources online to explore, research and teach the diverse, complex and global world of business.

  4. Business Model Innovation Leadership: How Do SME’s Strategically Lead Business Model Innovation?

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Lindgren

    2012-01-01

    When SME´s practice business model (BM) innovation (BMI), leading strategically BMs through the innovationprocess can be the difference between success and failure to a BM. Business Model Innovation Leadership(BMIL) is however extremely complex to carry out especially to small and medium size enterprises (SME).There are so many opportunities, pitfalls and strategies to consider while “the business” has to be operatedsimultaneously.The paper provides a study of BMIL in practise in SME´s and sh...

  5. Key Knowledge Providers as Sources of Business Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez-Esquinas, Manuel; Merchan-Hernandez, Carmen; Ramos-Vielba, Irene; Martinez-Fernandez, Cristina

    2010-01-01

    Studies of innovation are giving increasing attention to the relationships that businesses maintain with different participants in the innovation process. It is generally assumed that interaction with other businesses, universities and government organizations can generate knowledge that will improve the ability to innovate. However, there is…

  6. INNOVATION CLUSTERS: SOCIAL LEARNING AND BUSINESS INCUBATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Deac

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A sustainable innovation is more expensive than a regular one but it may lead to long termbenefits and durable competitive advantage, especially if many firms from the networkcollude or act within constrained environments such as business incubators. The opinionformation process, which leads to sustainable innovation, may be viewed as a collectivecognitive process resembling that of branding and re-branding. Technological innovationscan be viewed as sequences of cost reduction events and, in a many-firm setting, sociallearning which leads to sustainability-oriented behaviour depends on (mutual trustrelations. The experimental modelling part of the paper illustrates selected aspects of theconcept just outlined by developing a stylized dynamic model of the firm.

  7. Strategy renewal through business model innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Anna; Ulhøi, John Parm

    2011-01-01

    by the traditional profession behind the production of news – the journalists – is challenged by the emergence of new social movements providing fast and free news, often available directly in the making. This paper discusses the emergence of online publication of news and associated innovation activities undertaken......The newspaper industry is presently under pressure in at least two important ways. First, their previous business models, based on paper-based newspapers, subscription fees and sales of advertising space are threatened by new internet-based technologies. Second, the hitherto monopoly held...

  8. U.S. Government Takes Measures to Support Small Business Technology Innovation:Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer%美国联邦政府支持小企业技术创新的举措--小企业技术创新研究计划和技术转移计划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈涛

    2015-01-01

    美国小企业是美国技术创新的重要主体,联邦政府采取了系列措施支持其开展技术创新,小企业创新研究计划(SBIR)和技术转移计划(STTR)即是由美国政府直接出资支持小企业从事技术创新的两个旗舰计划。SBIR和 STTR计划自实施以来已取得显著成效:有力地促进了美国的技术创新,显著提高了私营企业创新成果的商业化程度,较好地结合了小企业发展与国家研发需求,为小企业创新活动提供了广泛的支持。通过回顾 SBIR和 STTR计划的出台和演变,分析计划的主要管理特点,重点解析了计划的评估体系,并预测,SBIR和 STTR计划在未来美国支持小企业技术创新体系中还将发挥更大作用。%U.S. small businesses play an essential role in the U.S. technology innovation system. The federal government adopted a series of measures to support technology innovation in small businesses. This article studied the Small Business Innovation Research(SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer(STTR) launched by the U.S. federal government, by reviewing the origin and development of these two programs, analyzing their management mechanism, especially their evaluation system. SBIR and STTR have achieved good results, such as promoting the U.S. technology innovation, accelerating the commercialization of private enterprises’ innovation fruits, coordinating the small business progress and the national R&D demands, and supporting the extensive innovation of small businesses. It is suggested that these two programs will be a more important part of U.S. small businesses technology innovation system.

  9. Open Innovation for Environmental Research

    OpenAIRE

    Ng, CKW; Lam, JCK; Hills, PR

    2011-01-01

    Innovation plays a key role in driving industries to gain competitive advantage. Increasingly, open innovation is considered a key driver to help industries accelerate the rate of innovation through exploitation of the free flow of internal and external knowledge and expertise. It is believed that industries will thus acquire stronger capability for innovation given the external input of expertise and knowledge that complements their internal capabilities. As a result, such businesses can ach...

  10. Strategic solutions of business innovation-driven growth mainstreaming

    OpenAIRE

    N.V. Smolinska

    2013-01-01

    The method of development of the business innovation capacity and corporate culture level evaluation, that allows identification of this level growth or deterioration within the specific period of time, is the key problem of the article. The data received permit to work out the matrix “the level of corporate culture vs. the level of innovation capacity” of the business in order to reveal the business’ position in this matrix and select the innovation-driven growth strategy of this business...

  11. Business Model Innovation and Competitive Imitation: The Case of Sponsor-Based Business Models

    OpenAIRE

    Casadesus-Masanell, Ramon; Zhu, Feng

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides the first formal model of business model innovation. Our analysis focuses on sponsor-based business model innovations where a firm monetizes its product through sponsors rather than setting prices to its customer base. We analyze strategic interactions between an innovative entrant and an incumbent where the incumbent may imitate the entrant's business model innovation once it is revealed. The results suggest that an entrant needs to strategically choose whether to reveal ...

  12. Continuous business model innovation in the Danish newspaper industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Anna B.; Günzel, Franziska

    Business model innovation is undoubtedly of strategic importance in innovation management. However, little is known on how in fact how companies experiment and innovate with regards to their business models. To shed more light on this issue, we have conducted a qualitative study of the newspaper ...... various parts does not guarantee a successful business model change and may even harm the existing well-functioning business model. To innovate a business model successfully, managers need to secure the business logic flow and its feedback loops.......Business model innovation is undoubtedly of strategic importance in innovation management. However, little is known on how in fact how companies experiment and innovate with regards to their business models. To shed more light on this issue, we have conducted a qualitative study of the newspaper...... industry in Denmark. Business model innovation became imperative for the traditional newspaper publishers after many years of the declining readership and revenues. We collected rich primary and secondary data from various sources during 2010-2012. Our analysis suggests that changing business models in its...

  13. Results of measurement procedure of innovation maturity of business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. A. Kozlova

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article the basic approaches of innovation maturity of business has been applied. The realization procedure of innovation maturity as an example of organizations of Perm’s region has been call attention. The preliminary potential assessments of perception of plans innovations will give optimize selection innovative strategy for organization and increase the effectiveness of business for microeconomics and region’s level.

  14. Enterprise SOA Designing IT for Business Innovation

    CERN Document Server

    Woods, Dan

    2008-01-01

    Based on extensive research with experts from the German software company SAP, this definitive book is ideal for architects, developers, and other IT professionals who want to understand the technology and business relevance of enterprise SOA in a detailed way--especially those who want to move on the technology now, rather than in the next year or two.

  15. Research on Business Model Innovation for the Era of Big Data%大数据时代商业模式创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荆浩

    2014-01-01

    大数据对商业模式具有创造性破坏的潜能。将大数据与商业模式有效结合,从商业模式的经济、运营和战略3个视角指出大数据能提升竞争优势。基于创新目标和机制分析了大数据时代商业模式创新的框架,围绕商业模式的4个界面分析了大数据背景下商业模式构成要素和构成结构的变革。%Big data owns the potential of creative destruction on today's business model .The big data and business model is integrated ,the influence of big data on improving competitiveness is pointed out based on the economic ,operational and strategic perspective of business model ,the framework of business model innovation for the era of big data is analyzed based on the targets and mechanisms of innovation ,the changes on the elements and structure of business model under the background of big data is analyzed around the four interfaces .

  16. The Bright Side and Dark Side of Embedded Ties in Business-to-Business Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Noordhoff, Corine; Kyriakopoulos, Kyriakos; Moorman, Christina; Pauwels, Pieter; Dellaert, Benedict

    2011-01-01

    Although the number and importance of joint innovation projects between suppliers and their customers continue to rise, the literature has yet to resolve a key question: Do embedded ties with customers help or hurt supplier innovation? Drawing on both the tie strength and knowledge literatures, the authors theorize that embedded ties interact with supplier and customer innovation knowledge to influence supplier innovation. In a sample of 157 Dutch business-to-business innovation relationships...

  17. Process of innovation in product lifecycle management business strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Gecevska

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a scenario of Product Lifecycle Management (PLM, as a innovative business strategy based on the analysis of business drivers, industry requirements, limit of current solution, and recent state-of-the-art review in the domain related to PLM. Potential industrial impact of the developed PLM technology solutions is analyzed. It is hoped that the proposed PLM technology solutions will form the frontier basis for further research, development, and application of PLM systems to quickly adapt to the dynamic changing market for industry companies to pursue the most advanced competitiveness. This article presents a process oriented framework to support effective PLM implementation with a set of lifecycle oriented business process reference models which links the necessary fundamental concepts, enterprise knowledge and software solutions to effectively deploy PLM.

  18. Research on Innovation: A Review and Agenda for

    OpenAIRE

    John Hauser; Gerard J. Tellis; Abbie Griffin

    2006-01-01

    Innovation is one of the most important issues in business research today. It has been studied in many independent research traditions. Our understanding and study of innovation can benefit from an integrative review of these research traditions. In so doing, we identify 16 topics relevant to marketing science, which we classify under five research fields: - Consumer response to innovation, including attempts to measure consumer innovativeness, models of new product growth, and recent ideas o...

  19. The Study of innovation Situation and Innovative Aspect in Business Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoumeh Sadat Abtahi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the most complicated and valuable organizational capabilities, is the business strategy. Recognition of Characteristics of entrepreneurial behavior has the most importance that makes the opportunities with the self skills and creates it by the means of innovative strategies. The lack of this skill, varied and nice processes of strategic planning would degrade to a brain game, because strategy cannot change the organization without implementation. Thus, we tried to express the characteristics and goals of innovative strategies and essential preconditions for its utilizations in business. More on, in this article we express the role and effect of opportunity and its recognition and the relation of organization life stages and how this business strategy is used and we presented some samples in this paper.Statistical Society includes all Goldiran service company staff (200 person that is named ”staff” in this study and according to Cochran formula 132 of them are chosen as Statistical sample.Research method in this study is correlation and Descriptive and data collecting method is field-library and for data analysis we used Liserl 8.7 software.this research results confirmed a significant effect of business innovation effective factors on service improvement in Goldiran Service Company.

  20. Research on Innovation Approaches of LED Enterprise Business Model%LE D照明企业商业模式创新路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴琨; 王梦瑶

    2013-01-01

    对商业模式的创新有助于我国LED照明企业把握新机遇,增强国际竞争力。对现有商业模式创新路径的研究进行梳理,针对我国LED照明企业目前存在的问题,以价值链和商业模式构成要素为切入点,从价值链、目标消费者需求、产品和服务、营销策略和战略方向五个方面提出了LED照明企业商业模式创新路径。LED照明企业可以根据自身情况,有选择、阶段性地建立起自己独特的商业模式,实现持续盈利。%Business model innovation helps LED enterprises in China grasp new opportunities and enhance their internation-al competitiveness.The study sorts out the current business model innovation route.In view of the existing problems in LED enterprises in China and starting with the value chain and the elements of business model,the business model innovation route for LED enterprises is proposed from the perspective of value chain,target consumer demand,products and services, marketing strategy and strategic direction.LED lighting companies may,in light of their actual situation,set up their own unique business model selectively and periodically to achieve profitable revenue growth.

  1. Making business sense of cross-industry innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Jaspers, Ferdinand; van der Ende, Jan

    2013-01-01

    textabstractSchumpeter, the renowned economist, defined innovation as ‘new combinations’ of existing elements. Today’s business environment provides valuable opportunities for such innovation, in which existing technologies, products and services from various industries are creatively adapted and then launched successfully into new, unconnected business areas. But there are rules to be followed.

  2. Managing business model innovation risks - lessons for theory and practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taran, Yariv; Chester Goduscheit, René; Boer, Harry

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on the challenges related to, and the risk management needed in, the process of business model innovation. Business model innovation may involve hefty investments, high levels of uncertainty, complexity and, inevitably, risk. Although many firms follow a first mover strategic a...

  3. Business Model Innovation: A Journey across Managers’ Attention and Inter-Organizational Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.R. Micheli (Maria Rita)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Business model innovation (BMI) is an emergent area of research with the potential to re-structure the pillars of strategy research. Despite the growing interest, the process of how business models change is not clearly described. In fact, only a few empirical studies e

  4. INNOVATION LEADERSHIP AS A KEY SKILL IN BUSINESS

    OpenAIRE

    Teodora Lazarova

    2014-01-01

    Innovation leadership is a key concept in modern business world. It consists of different leadership styles which are useful to influence people to be more creative, productive and to work better in teams. Innovation leadership can be properly used to support organization vision and mission. The leaders need innovation leadership for themselves as they are managing in unpredictable and uncertain circumstances. The current paper underlies the importance of innovation leadership and innovative ...

  5. Developing Innovative Business Models in Social Ventures

    OpenAIRE

    Jokela, Päivi; Elo, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Social ventures represent a new type of organization that aim to create sustainable social value, such as promoting the well-being of communities and their existence is based on developing solutions to tackle complex social problems. Developing a suitable business model for a social venture is crucial because the right model with a sustainable value offering in its core can support the venture and direct it toward self-sustainability and competitiveness. Research on social...

  6. Research on Carbon Finance Intermediary Business Innovation of Commercial Banks%商业银行碳金融中间业务创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平

    2013-01-01

    As a major player in carbon finance in commercial banks , carbon finance innovation , in addition to green cred-it, can play its own professional expertise to expand the intermediate business , providing customers with carbon financial planning, trust, credit cards, account management, financial advisers, and credit assessment guarantees and other serv-ices.The paper combs the background of the rise of carbon finance , the concept of simple innovative practice by focusing on domestic and foreign commercial banks in the middle of the carbon finance business .It analyzes the typical case , aiming at the innovative carbon financial intermediary business operation mode to tap the carbon finance market service quality and level of the potential , enhance the fee-based business , foster the international competitiveness of China's commercial bank carbon finance .%作为碳金融主要参与者的商业银行,除了绿色信贷,还可以发挥自己的专业特长,拓展中间业务,为客户提供碳金融理财、信托、信用卡、账户管理、财务顾问以及信用评估与保函等服务。对碳金融兴起的背景、概念进行简单梳理,重点对国内外商业银行碳金融中间业务的创新实践、典型案例进行分析借鉴,旨在创新中间业务运作模式,挖掘碳金融市场潜力,提升中间业务的服务质量和水平,以提升我国商业银行碳金融的国际竞争力。

  7. Business Model Innovation: A Blueprint for Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flanagan, Christine

    2012-01-01

    Business model innovation is one of the most challenging components of 21st-century leadership. Making incremental improvements to a business model--creating new efficiencies, expanding into adjacent markets--is hard enough. Developing and experimenting with new business models that truly transform how an institution delivers value (while…

  8. 基于商业生态系统的技术创新与商业模式创新耦合机制研究%Research on the Coupling Mechanism Between Technology Innovation and Business Model Innovation Based on the Business Ecosystem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童心; 于丽英

    2014-01-01

    探讨技术创新与商业模式创新的耦合机制,对提高企业竞争力具有重要意义。商业生态系统中企业技术创新与商业模式创新的耦合体现为“push-pull”机制,即技术创新推动商业模式创新,同时商业模式创新拉动技术创新。以苹果公司为例,深入揭示两种创新耦合机制的形成和存在机理,以对企业创新提供参考和借鉴。%The coupling mechanism between technology innovation and business model innovation is analyzed in this paper . The results show that ,in the business ecosystem ,the coupling mechanism could be depicted by the"push-pull" mecha-nism ,w hich means that technology innovation pushes business model innovation w hile business model innovation pulls technology innovation ;the coupling mechanism plays an important role in improving competitiveness for enterprises .Final-ly the case analysis involving the coupling process of Apple's technology innovation and business model innovation has been adopted to further reveal the formation and existence of the coupling mechanism ,with the aim of providing positive inspira-tion and reference for Chinese enterprises'innovation activities .

  9. Strategic innovation through innovative services and business models supported in electronic platforms

    OpenAIRE

    Afonso, Paulo; Vieira, Filipa Dionísio

    2012-01-01

    Strategic innovation means the design of new business models that seek to reach new customers, to offer new products or services or to find new ways of make business. For Anderson and Markides (2006) strategic innovation is about discovering a new WHO, a new WHAT and a new HOW. An enabler of strategic innovation has been the development and diffusion of information and communication technologies. In this paper, ten selected case studies of innovative services and busin...

  10. Agricultural Business of College Students and Innovation Research%大学生涉农创业与创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘清宇

    2015-01-01

    University students' employment difficult problem exposes along with the rising number of college graduates. Schools should encourage agricultural business innovation among graduates,letting them achieve employment opportunities by their own efforts.During the process of entrepreneurship,schools should also provide helping platform for students to make them fully realize the meaning and importance of agricultural business.%大学生就业难问题随着高校毕业生数量的不断增加而凸显.学校应鼓励大学生进行涉农创业创新,让他们通过自身的努力获得新的就业发展机会.在创业过程中,学校也要为学生提供帮助平台,使他们能充分了解到涉农创业的意义及重要性.

  11. Towards Developing a Research Roadmap for Service Innovation in Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    Power, Jamie; Lynch, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    The systematic development, design and testing of new and/or improved service offerings, processes and business models, i.e. service innovation, represents a timely and relevant growth area transcending European and Irish innovation and socio-economic recovery strategies. However, research into the development and practice of service innovation vis-àvis product innovation, is a relatively emerging domain and is at best characterised as emerging and fragmented. The existing body of research kn...

  12. Facilitating Data Driven Business Model Innovation - A Case study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Torben Cæsar Bisgaard; Andersen, Troels Christian; Aagaard, Annabeth

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims to understand the barriers that businesses meet in understanding their current business models (BM) and in their attempt at innovating new data driven business models (DDBM) using data. The interdisciplinary challenge of knowledge exchange occurring outside and/or inside businesses......, that gathers knowledge is of great importance. The SMEs have little, if no experience, within data handling, data analytics, and working with structured Business Model Innovation (BMI), that relates to both new and conventional products, processes and services. This new frontier of data and BMI will have....... The businesses interdisciplinary capabilities come into play in the BMI process, where knowledge from the facilitation strategy and knowledge from phases of the BMI process needs to be present to create new knowledge, hence new BMs and innovations. Depending on the environment and shareholders, this also exposes...

  13. Research on Business Model Innovation of Travel Online Booking Website%旅游网站在线预订商业模式创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李东娟

    2014-01-01

    网络和信息技术的发展带动了电子商务的高速发展,通过互联网预订旅游未来将占旅游预订总量的半数以上。目前,我国在线预订旅游市场已具有一定规模,且呈现多种商业模式并存的状态。在以技术快速变迁为特征的动态竞争环境下,企业要想更好地实现顾客价值和企业价值,就必须进行商业模式创新。根据文献研究,本文提出6个影响旅游在线预订网站商业模式创新的因素,通过问卷调查法获得实证数据,并利用SPSS17.0进行数据分析,认为企业家精神、技术推动、产业融合、市场拉动和市场环境压迫,是影响旅游在线预订网站进行商业模式创新的主要动力。%The development of network and information technology has driven the rapid development of e -business , in future, booking travel through internet will be more than half of all the reservation of travel .In China, the travel online booking market has formed , and shows a variety of business models .Under the dynamic competition environment being characterized by technology changing , it must innovate business model if the enterprise wants to realize value of customer and itself better .Through the former articles , this paper proposes 6 elements which influence the motivation of business model innovation of travel online booking website , and uses questionnaire survey method to collect data and uses SPSS 17.0 to analyze the data, then the paper comes to conclusion that the entrepreneurial spirit , the force of skill, integra-tion of industry , market pulling and competition are the main elements which influence the business model innovation mo -tivation of travel online booking website .

  14. 基于SNS的企业群体知识创新交互研究%The Research of Business Group Knowledge Innovation Interactive Based on SNS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宁

    2011-01-01

    Community knowledge innovation is an important way to the development of knowledge innovation.SNS provides a virtual network environment to promote the knowledge innovation.This article describes the characteristics of the SNS,analyses under the current technology environment,the changing patterns of group learning and the relationship between group learning interaction and enterprise knowledge innovation,proposed the concept structure of group behavior in business,build the group interactive learning mechanism based on SNS.%群体知识创新是目前知识创新发展的重要方式,SNS为促进知识创新提供了虚拟网络环境。本文介绍了SNS的特点,分析了当前技术环境下群体学习模式的变化以及群体交互学习与企业知识创新的关系,提出了企业群体行为的概念结构,构建了基于SNS的群体学习交互机制。

  15. Business plan for a technology innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Leikas, Anniina

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to create a business plan to understand the potential of the business idea and offer guidance when establishing a new business. The basis was to study the business environment in Finland and what factors need to considered in business planning process. Entrepreneurship is one pos-sibility for the author in the future. Large generations are retiring and the market has place for new entrepreneurs and ideas. The Technology industry is constantly evolving and new i...

  16. One size does not fit all - understanding the front-end and back-ens of business model innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Günzel, Franziska; Holm, Anna B.

    2013-01-01

    Business model innovation is becoming a central research topic in management. However, a lack of a common understanding of the nature of the business model leads to disregarding its multifaceted structure when analyzing the business model innovation process. This article proposes a more detailed...... understanding of the business model innovation process by drawing on existing knowledge from new product development literature and examining the front-end and the back-end of business model innovation of three leading Danish newspapers. We studied how changes introduced during the development of digital news...... production and delivery have affected key components of these business models, namely value creation, proposition, delivery and capture in the period 2002–2011. Our findings suggest the need to distinguish between front-end and back-end business model innovation processes, and to recognize the importance...

  17. THE IMPORTANCE OF INNOVATION IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

    OpenAIRE

    Georgiana CEBUC; POTECEA, Valeriu

    2010-01-01

    To face competition, companies must have innovations. No longer an issue whether we should have or not innovations, but a condition that must be created to establish an effective innovation management. Great companies put under pressure of international competition have instruments for the management of innovation. Coordination specialists and organizational impediments are the main problems facing companies. Innovation is generally considered as the main engine of economic growth in the glob...

  18. Business Innovation through Customer-Value Creation: Case Study of a Virtual Education Business in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodama, Mitsuru

    2000-01-01

    The case of a virtual education business that expanded through creation of customer value in strategic partnerships yields two key points for the future of multimedia businesses. Ability to incorporate new business styles and innovative leadership that harmonizes the philosophies of various partner companies were factors in success. (SK)

  19. Eco-innovate: a guide to eco-innovation for SMEs and business coaches

    OpenAIRE

    Charter, Martin; Miedzinski, Michal; Doranova, Asel; Castel, Johanna; Roman, Laura

    2013-01-01

    This guide is a practical and comprehensive introduction to eco-innovation addressed primarily to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). The booklet overviews emerging business opportunities eco-innovation has to offer to companies that reconsider business models, develop new products, technologies or services, or improve production processes.

  20. The key drivers and challenges of Business-NGO partnerships in creating sustainable innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lodsgård, Lise; Aagaard, Annabeth

    2014-01-01

    evidence. One of the main challenges of studying sustainable innovation relates to the fact that there is no established definition and mapping of drivers and internal and external challenges of these collaborations. The observations above and the gab in literature point to the theoretical and empirical......A growing body of research emphasizes the potentials of business-NGO partnerships (BNP’s) in developing sustainable innovation. However the business-NGO literature is still at an early stage of development and shrouded in rhetoric with dominant articulations and anecdotes with a lack of empirical...... relevance of exploring business-NGO partnerships in the creation of sustainable innovation. The findings and contributions of this theoretical study are an identification and modeling of six archetypes of Business-NGO partnerships in creating sustainable innovation. Through an exploration of characteristics...

  1. Competing With the Use of Business Model innovation - an Exploratory Case Study of the Journey of Born Global Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlene Johansson

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this article is to investigate how business models are used by born global firms to act upon new business opportunities and how they manage business model innovation over time to prosper and grow. Design/Methodology: The study is based on three exploratory case studies of born global firms in mobile communication, financial services and digital music distribution. Findings: Three interrelated capabilities to manage business model innovation are articulated in the context of born global firms; sensing capabilities, entrepreneurial capabilities and relational capabilities and four propositions are formulated. We find that business model innovations are used as a tool by maturing born global firms to navigate the value chains and achieve international growth. We further propose that born global need the capabilities to balance different business model designs simultaneously and to manage its business model innovation in a timely manner. Originality: This article contributes to both the business model literature and research of international entrepreneurship. By putting business model research into the dynamic context of rapidly internationalizing born global firms, we contribute to the field of business model research with findings of how business models are used in the internationalization processes. Certain capabilities are needed to manage business model innovation for born global firms to dynamically use business models as a tool in the international growth overtime.

  2. A benefit segmentation approach for innovation-oriented university-business collaboration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerstlberger, Wolfgang; Kesting, Tobias; Baaken, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Increasing competition in the light of globalisation imposes challenges on both academia and businesses. Universities have to compete for additional financial means, while companies, particular in high technology business environments, are facing a stronger pressure to innovate. Universities seek...... current challenges. Transferring the segmentation approach and the customer benefit perspective to university-business collaboration (UBC), this paper develops a multi-step segmentation framework aimed at identifying research customer segments in technical textile industries in Western Europe. This novel...

  3. THE PERCEPTIONS OF ROMANIAN YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS REGARDING THE CHALLENGES OF AN INNOVATIVE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavinia DOVLEAC

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims the investigation of the relationship between entrepreneurial phenomenon among young people in Romania and the business environment, strongly marked by innovation and new technologies, as pillars of sustainable development in the knowledge-based society. For achieving the paper’s goal there are used the results of a qualitative research based on in-depth interview which aim to identify the views and experiences of young entrepreneurs on the advantages and disadvantages of starting an innovative business in Romania. Data analysis allowed the formulation of some recommendations to state institutions, business environment and the academic community to support young entrepreneurs in developing their business right after the launch. Access to new funding sources, guidance and informational support are the principal needs for entrepreneurs in their struggle to develop innovative sustainable businesses. The strong promotion of young entrepreneurs inside their community or at national level contributes to the development of a strong entrepreneurial culture for Romania.

  4. Business Process Innovation using the Process Innovation Laboratory

    OpenAIRE

    Møller, Charles

    2006-01-01

    Most organizations today are required not only to establish effective business processes but they are required to accommodate for changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Many business processes extend beyond the boundary of the enterprise into the supply chain and the information infrastructure therefore is critical. Today nearly every business relies on their Enterprise System (ES) for process integration and the future generations of enterprise systems will increasingly be drive...

  5. Barriers to Business Model Innovation in Swedish Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Olof Sivertsson; Joakim Tell

    2015-01-01

    Swedish agricultural companies, especially small farms, are struggling to be profitable in difficult economic times. It is a challenge for Swedish farmers to compete with imported products on prices. The agricultural industry, however, supports the view that through business model innovation, farms can increase their competitive advantage. This paper identifies and describes some of the barriers Swedish small farms encounter when they consider business model innovation. A qualitative approach...

  6. Impact of method of business system integration to business space on innovative strategy choice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.K. Glinenko

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Existing typology of methods of business system integration to business space and interdependences between the method of integration, type of development strategy, integration and innovative strategy are studied. The matrix of mutual accordance of these strategies and methods of integration of business system into business space is developed. Application of the matrix can efficiently support the forming of the agreed non-contradictory set of strategies.

  7. Impact of method of business system integration to business space on innovative strategy choice

    OpenAIRE

    L.K. Glinenko

    2011-01-01

    Existing typology of methods of business system integration to business space and interdependences between the method of integration, type of development strategy, integration and innovative strategy are studied. The matrix of mutual accordance of these strategies and methods of integration of business system into business space is developed. Application of the matrix can efficiently support the forming of the agreed non-contradictory set of strategies.

  8. Dynamics of Openness in SMEs: A Business Model and Innovation Strategy Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marika Miriam Iivari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In order to explore the dynamics of openness within SMEs, this study investigates how business model transformation relates to innovation strategy transformation. Design/Methodology/Approach: This research is conducted as a longitudinal qualitative single case study in order to fully follow transformation as a process. Findings: This research revealed that openness in SMEs is not about continuously increasing the level of openness, but SMEs can also begin to close their innovation strategy, even though the business model stays open. The level of openness varies based on strategic openness. Research limitations/implications: This study emphasizes that openness needs to be viewed as a continuum, where the level of openness may fluctuate during transformation. Furthermore, openness in business models and openness in innovation indeed are separate phenomena. Practical implications: Having an understanding how strategic openness guides business model transformation enables practitioners to better utilize open innovation as an innovation strategy. Originality/value: Through focusing on the relationship between business model transformation and innovation strategy transformation, we broaden the discussion on the dynamics of openness within SMEs.

  9. Initiative-taking, Improvisational Capability and Business Model Innovation in Emerging Market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cao, Yangfeng

    Business model innovation plays a very important role in developing competitive advantage when multinational small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) from developed country enter into emerging markets because of the large contextual distances or gaps between the emerging and developed economies...... innovation in emerging markets. We find that high initiative-taking and strong improvisational capability can accelerate the business model innovation. Our research contributes to the literatures on international and strategic entrepreneurship........ Many prior researches have shown that the foreign subsidiaries play important role in shaping the overall strategy of the parent company. However, little is known about how subsidiary specifically facilitates business model innovation (BMI) in emerging markets. Adopting the method of comparative...

  10. Responsible Business Model Innovation: Reconceptualising the role of business in society.

    OpenAIRE

    Hope, Alex; Moehler, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Innovation can be described as the application of new ideas, devices or processes which in business is most often seen as a catalyst to growth. The sources of innovation are many, however recent attention has focussed on the role of social and environmental drivers. This in turn has led to the notion of ‘responsible innovation’ which demands the consideration of ethical and social aspects during innovation processes as a means to lead not only to technological innovations which are socially a...

  11. Creating strategic value and sustainable innovation through Business-NGO partnerships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Annabeth; Lodsgård, Lise

    A growing body of research emphasizes the potentials of business-NGO partnerships (BNP’s) in developing sustainable innovation. The purpose of this study is to set up a model for defining these business-NGO partnerships and to investigate through a multiple cross-sectoral case-study how the...... different partnership types are managed to create strategic value through sustainable innovation. The findings reveal different practices, opportunities and challenges in creating SI across the different types of business-NGO partnerships....

  12. Collaborative business modeling for systemic and sustainability innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohrbeck, René; Konnertz, L.; Knab, S.

    2013-01-01

    Sustainability innovations are characterized by a systemic nature, and require that multiple organizations act in an orchestrated fashion. To jointly identify opportunities and plan sustainability innovations, new methods and approaches are needed. In this article we describe a case study where 8...... firms have collaborated to envision and create new business models in the energy industry. After describing this collaborative business modelling (CBM) approach, we discuss its strengths and limitations and compare it to two alternative methods of strategy and innovation planning: scenario technique...

  13. Environmental Innovation and Sustainability in Small Handicraft Businesses in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arcelia Toledo-López

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the relationship between environmental innovation and sustainability is analyzed in 168 handicraft businesses in the Mexican states of Oaxaca, Puebla, and Tlaxcala. The results show a direct, positive relationship between environmental innovation and sustainability in three dimensions: economic, social, and environmental. In terms of determination, the variables that best explain sustainability are: organization type, product innovation, and process innovation. The age of the handicraft businesses was not a significant factor in explaining sustainability. This study concludes that handicraft businesses make sustainable choices more as a result of a desire for profit maximization than as a result of environmental consciousness, as can be explained by neoclassical view of economics.

  14. Manual on service business for policy research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contents of this book are summary of service business for policy research : conception classification and ways of service business for policy research, propel procedure of service business for policy research on system of committee, management, choice, contract, evaluation and post management, related regulation on service business for policy research : management regulation on service business for policy research, guide of evaluation for service business for policy research, estimation standard of policy research cost, law arrangement of national contract, required document on service business for policy research, and application manual for PRISM.

  15. Contracts, relationships and innovation in business-to-business exchanges

    OpenAIRE

    Möhring, Monika Maria; Finch, John

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: – This paper aims to contrast two approaches to the study of contracts in business and industrial marketing: first, as a legal document in shaping at the outset exchanges and interactions, for instance in projects; and second, as relational norms in becoming integrated into a business relationship through interactions, for instance as a resource. Design/methodology/approach: – The paper draws on cross-case comparison of three projects, as actors develop an engineering servi...

  16. Navigating Disruptive Innovation in Undergraduate Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behara, Ravi S.; Davis, Mark M.

    2015-01-01

    The undergraduate business education landscape is dramatically changing and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. Many of the changes are being driven by increasing costs, advances in technology, rapid globalization, and an increasingly diverse workforce and customer base, and are occurring simultaneously in both the business world…

  17. Making the business case for innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Penny; Banks, Darla; Neely, Brunella

    2014-11-27

    In the current financial climate it is important for nurse leaders to be able to develop and present a business case for initiatives. This article describes how one US healthcare facility made a successful business case for implementation of clinical nurse leaders throughout the organisation.

  18. Service business model framework and the service innovation scope

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. van der Aa

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we present a framework for service business models. We build on three streams of research. The first stream is the service management and marketing literature that focuses on the specific challenges of managing a service business. The second stream consists of research on e-business mo

  19. How journal rankings can suppress interdisciplinarity. The case of innovation studies in business and management

    CERN Document Server

    Rafols, Ismael; O'Hare, Alice; Nightingale, Paul; Stirling, Andy

    2011-01-01

    While interdisciplinary research (IDR) is valued as a means of encouraging scientific breakthroughs, innovation and socially relevant science, it is also widely perceived as being at a disadvantage in research evaluations. Various qualitative studies have provided evidence that peer review tends to be biased against IDR. However, quantitative investigations on this claim have been few and inconclusive. This paper provides new quantitative evidence of how journal rankings can disadvantage IDR in evaluation. Using publication data it compares the degree of interdisciplinarity and the research performance of innovation studies units with business and management schools in the UK. The paper uses various mappings and metrics to show that innovation studies units are consistently more interdisciplinary than business and management schools. It shows that the top journals in the Association of Business Schools' rankings span a less diverse set of disciplines than lower ranked journals, and that this bias results in a...

  20. Data-driven business models for service innovation in small and medium-sized businesses

    OpenAIRE

    Mathis, Katrin

    2015-01-01

    Today’s world is one of growing data, yet few companies have succeeded in leveraging data as a key resource for novel business models. Meanwhile, a profound shift is likewise taking place in the dominant logic of how companies create value for customers. Established processes for business model innovation are helpful for validating and implementing an initial vision. However, little guidance is available on how to systematically envision using data in service innovation. This thesis aims ...

  1. Applying business intelligence innovations to emergency management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlegelmilch, Jeffrey; Albanese, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    The use of business intelligence (BI) is common among corporations in the private sector to improve business decision making and create insights for competitive advantage. Increasingly, emergency management agencies are using tools and processes similar to BI systems. With a more thorough understanding of the principles of BI and its supporting technologies, and a careful comparison to the business model of emergency management, this paper seeks to provide insights into how lessons from the private sector can contribute to the development of effective and efficient emergency management BI utilisation.

  2. Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Automotive Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    The global automotive business is one of the most competitive environment you can imagine. As an independent inventor or as a small development company it is very challenging to be successful in implementing new ideas and components. In this mature and somewhat conservative technical environment...... invention have appropriate benefits. The timing of the dialog with a potential user or business partner is important when it comes to which issues that have highest priorities or are most frequently discussed in the organization of said user or business partner. If there exist a special issue that your idea...... address you will have a much better access the decision making process and get enough interest for a potential business deal. After 20 years as a supplier of engineering services to the automotive industry and 10 years as head of Global R&D at Scania CV AB, I have experienced pros and cons both from...

  3. Drivers of Sales Innovation in Business-To-Business Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ritter, Thomas; Geersbro, Jens

    2014-01-01

    management focus and increased resource allocation as well as increasing customer and competitor dynamics as external drivers. Despite the suggested positive impact of the degree of competitive pressure on sales innovation, the empirical results suggest a significant negative impact, i.e. competitive...

  4. Dynamics of International Business Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kunz, Werner; Manning, Stephan; Pedersen, Torben

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the evolution of the field of international business (IB) research based on a relational cluster analysis of co-citations in the Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS) from 1982 to 2011. Particularly, we examine the changing role of theory in relation to empirical IB...... research. Based on a factor and network analysis, we identify distinct clusters of IB research and their relations over time. We show that the initial focus of IB research on issues of international expansion has shifted towards issues of governance and implementation. In this process, debates on foreign...... entry mode and culture have served as important integrating themes. At the same time, theory debates in IB have expanded from a narrow focus on explaining international expansion, to a rather heterogeneous conglomerate of approaches which have assisted increasingly differentiated empirical research. Our...

  5. Understanding Eco-innovation and Green Business Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch

    2014-01-01

    and definitions of ecoinnovationare lacking leading to much confusion and methodologically weak empirical analyses. This paperseeks to remedy this by offering a definition and taxonomy of eco-innovations and discussing theimplications for green business model thinking, bringing in examples of Danish successful...... and less successful green business models.The taxonomy entails seven main types of eco-innovations which are defined by the role these innovationsplay on the market, i.e. they represent different ways to attract green value. The categorization hencediffers markedly from existing taxonomies of environmental...... patterns(cities/communities, physical planning, symbiosis)7. Business model eco-innovation (green value creation by novel financing or ownership modes)(See also Andersen 2006, 2008 for earlier versions).The taxonomy may be used to understand the conditions for creating green value for different types...

  6. Business model innovation in the water sector in developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebauer, Heiko; Saul, Caroline Jennings

    2014-08-01

    Various technologies have been deployed in household devices or micro-water treatment plants for mitigating fluoride and arsenic, and thereby provide safe and affordable drinking water in low-income countries. While the technologies have improved considerably, organizations still face challenges in making them financially sustainable. Financial sustainability questions the business models behind these water technologies. This article makes three contributions to business models in the context of fluoride and arsenic mitigation. Firstly, we describe four business models: A) low-value devices given away to people living in extreme poverty, B) high-value devices sold to low-income customers, C) communities as beneficiaries of micro-water treatment plants and D) entrepreneurs as franchisees for selling water services and highlight the emergence of hybrid business models. Secondly, we show current business model innovations such as cost transparency & cost reductions, secured & extended water payments, business diversification and distribution channels. Thirdly, we describe skills and competencies as part of capacity building for creating even more business model innovations. Together, these three contributions will create more awareness of the role of business models in scaling-up water treatment technologies.

  7. The Great Divide between Business School Research and Business Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dostaler, Isabelle; Tomberlin, Thomas J.

    2013-01-01

    In their 2005 "Harvard Business Review" article, Bennis and O'Toole described business schools as being "on the wrong track" as a result of their focus on so-called scientific research. Some commentators argue that business schools have slowly lost their relevance since the end of the 1950s when they undertook a major overhaul in response to the…

  8. The Research Path of Social Commerce Application in Business Model Innovation%商务模式创新中社会化商务应用的研究路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷实; 徐迪

    2015-01-01

    Social commerce or social business has been in a rapidly developing stage and making a strong effect on organizations and people. Business model innovation is an important source of company’s competi-tiveness and an useful method for the challenge of the decreasing economy growth rate and the reconstruction of economy. Business model innovation should more involve social commerce in. This article discusses the research path of social commerce application in business model innovation. It asserts that the perspective of use value and virtual value in generalized virtual economy theory can play an important guided role in the research of social commerce application in business model innovation. The research of social commerce application in business model innovation is closely related with many complexity factors, such as people’s intelligence and behavior, system structure. The study would get better achievement with the methodolo-gys of complexity sciences and behavioral sciences. This article emphatically analyses the methodology of agent-based computational experiment in complexity sciences.%社会化商务应用进入了快速发展阶段,对组织、个人的行为构成了重要的影响。商务模式创新是企业竞争力的重要源泉,也是企业应对经济增长放缓、经济结构调整的新常态一个重要措施。商务模式创新活动应更多地将社会化商务应用纳入其中。本文对商务模式创新中社会化商务应用的研究路径进行了探讨。提出,广义虚拟经济理论使用价值、虚拟价值的理论视角对商务模式创新中社会化商务应用研究具有重要的理论指引作用。商务模式创新、社会化商务应用研究涉及个体智能、行为、系统结构等多方面的复杂性因素。运用复杂性科学的研究方法、行为科学的研究方法来开展相关研究很有可能取得显著的研究成效。本文着重对复杂性科学研究方法中基于主体的

  9. Innovation at tourism business:challenges and creativity for development

    OpenAIRE

    Taskov, Nako; Boskov, Tatjana; Filiposki, Oliver

    2011-01-01

    Tourism firms operate in a business environment in which innovation is important for firm survival. In spite of this, there is an apparent lack of knowledge concerning innovation processes in tourism firms. This article combines considerations about tourism development, such a change in thinking about tourism can contribute to two important changes in the planning and management of tourism in regional destinations — the use of a different set of assessment criteria for...

  10. Qualitative futures research for innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Duin, P.A.

    2006-01-01

    This is about how commercial organisations use qualitative methods of futures research, such as scenarios, roadmapping and trend-analysis, in their innovation processes. The linkages etween innviation proceses and the methids can take place in different ways.

  11. International Business Research: Past, Present and Future

    OpenAIRE

    David A Ricks

    1985-01-01

    The Editors of the Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS) always try to publish the best international business research. Unfortunately, there will probably never be a simple response to the question, What constitutes excellent international business research? We might make some progress, however, if we first attempt to define international business research and then identify several noteworthy examples.© 1985 JIBS. Journal of International Business Studies (1985) 16, 1–4

  12. Business Growth : A study of the Impact of Transformational Leadership, Innovation and Competence Management

    OpenAIRE

    Jegede, Ifeoluwa Olaitan; Haskan, Tarkan

    2011-01-01

    For every firm, company or business organisation, growth and progress is the major focus. In fact for every facet of living organism, growth is an essential factor which if not in place, stagnation is inevitable. Growth in this sense could be in terms of the market performance, sales, number of employees to mention a few. There have been researches carried out on different factors which could enhance or have positive influence on business growth, one of them is Innovation. Leadership of an or...

  13. Introduction: Small Business and Networked Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Colombo, Massimo G.; Laursen, Keld; Magnusson, Mats

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to provide an introduction to the special issue. We briefly consider the organizational and managerial challenges that small and medium-sized enterprises encounter in networked innovation, thereby building a background to the articles included in the special issue. We...

  14. Creating Institutional Space for Business Model Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheets, Robert; Crawford, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    From college campuses to the halls of Congress, there is broad agreement that higher education is experiencing a major wave of innovation. This article holds that the changes are significant, but that the resulting threats to existing institutions are manageable if key leaders understand them and if institutions adapt to the new environment. The…

  15. Value co-creation and business model innovation in the context of business-to-business services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nardelli, Giulia

    The service industries are characterized by the involvement of stakeholders in the innovation process. The aim of this study is to understand how, in the context of business-to-business services, the interplay between operational and strategic activities of an organization can be managed across...... the network of actors to achieve value co-creation. Based on a qualitative investigation, two propositions, which summarize the main findings, are developed. In the first proposition it is outlined how processes of business model innovation within support services require a certain degree of openness...... to manage interactions between internal and external stakeholders of the organization they serve. The second proposition, on the other hand, depicts how business model innovators manage the interplay between strategic and operational activities by allocating responsibilities among internal and external...

  16. Toward a Process Framework of Business Model Innovation in the Global Context

    OpenAIRE

    Cao, Yangfeng

    2015-01-01

    This PhD dissertation focuses on business model innovation (BMI), which plays a central role in explaining firm performance and is viewed as a source of competitive advantage. A recent global survey of more than 4,000 senior executives by the Economist Intelligence Unit found that the majority (54%) favoured BMI over product or service innovation as a source of future competitive advantage. Hence, the research on BMI is a salient topic for strategic management and entrepreneurs...

  17. Research on Vocabularies of Business Interpretation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘杰

    2014-01-01

    With increasingly international business activities, business English has already become main language tool of commu-nication. Many new business English vocabularies emerge. If interpreters want to assume business interpretation work successfully, he or she has to learn the meaning of these words and their features in business field. This essay will do some research around vo-cabularies of business interpretation from the characteristics of these words/phrases such as more abbreviations, professional termi-nology, polysemy and so on.

  18. MANAGEMENT @ BUSINESS INNOVATION: BUILT TO LAST OVER GENERATIONS?

    OpenAIRE

    Ramona GAVRILESCU (GROAPA); Vlad BELICIU Author-Name Mihaela UDA

    2013-01-01

    The article aims at challenging the question of what drives high performance through the perspectives of innovation and variety of people generations coexisting at the present moment. What is researched and revealed by this paper work is the approach to innovation as determinant of performance versus innovation as a characteristic and attribute of success companies in connection to people. Innovation is ultimately linked and completely interdependent to people as its creators as different peo...

  19. Business applications of operations research

    CERN Document Server

    Nag, Bodhibrata

    2013-01-01

    Operations Research is a bouquet of mathematical techniques which have evolved over the last six decades, to improve the process of business decision making. Operations Research offers tools to optimize and find the best solutions to myriad decisions that managers have to take in their day to day operations or while carrying out strategic planning. Today, with the advent of operations research software, these tools can be applied by managers even without any knowledge of the mathematical techniques that underlie the solution procedures. The book starts with a brief introduction to various tool

  20. Control of innovation activity in a competitive metallurgical business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdanov, S. V.

    2010-12-01

    Certain competitive advantages of a manufacturer on a goods market can be provided if one creates conditions for bifurcation development of an innovation process in metallurgical business under conditions of market uncertainty of a demand for goods of a specified consumer quality and determines the technical-and-economic versions of stable operation of a production system for performing orders of metal product consumers.

  1. Organising new business development: Open Innovation at Degussa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bröring, S.; Herzog, P.

    2008-01-01

    Abstract: Purpose - To analyse different organizational tools of business development used in practice. This analysis seeks to address the question of how an organization can achieve the recurring shift from exploration to exploitation and at the same time manage to balance its open and closed innov

  2. WeKeyInnovation and Collaborative Business Model : Toward a framework proposal for a better inclusive participation of SMEs within the RIS3 (Research and Innovation Strategies for the Smart Specialisation)

    OpenAIRE

    Faham, Jérémie; Lizarralde, Iban; LEGARDEUR, Jérémy; Garagorri, Iñaki; Marnat, Christophe

    2015-01-01

    International audience In the actual context, characterized by economic, environmental and societal challenges, the stimulation of creativity and the support to sustainable innovation are central issues for the competitiveness of enterprises. This topic is of great relevance for European Union which aims to stimulate a smart, sustainable and inclusive growth in each of its region to come out of the actual crisis with the launch of a new set of territorial policies: the “Research and region...

  3. Innovative training methods in business higher education

    OpenAIRE

    Arvane Vanyi, Georgina; Gal, Timea; Nabradi, Andras; Csapo, Zsolt; Peto, Karoly

    2013-01-01

    A unique business-oriented educational method was launched in 2010 at the University Of Debrecen, Hungary, in the Faculty Of Applied Economics and Rural Development; the method has existed in the JAMK University of Applied Science in Jyväskylä (Finland) since 1993, and is called Team Academy. The gist of this training is that the students learn entrepreneurship through their ‘living’ organisations with the application of the principle ‘learning-by-doing’. Besides developing the students’ entr...

  4. Business Incubation as an Instrument of Innovation: The Experience of South America and the Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haven Allahar

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the experience of business incubation as an innovative developmental instrument based on the recent experience of the South American countries of Brazil and Chile and the Caribbean island nation of Trinidad and Tobago. A qualitative research method was adopted involving a review of published reports, journal articles and relevant case studies; and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with incubator managerial staff. The major findings are that there are great similarities among the incubators studied in terms of their links to universities, services offered, and funding challenges, but there is growing acceptance of incubation as a potentially valid tool for promoting business development and innovation although most incubators are at the early stage. The paper is original because the case study application to incubation in Trinidad and Tobago is new with only one related article published, and this study therefore adds value to the body of research because business incubation has been under-researched in the study area. The research is limited to the extent that the case study focuses on a comparison of selected incubator features and did not include the views of clients. The practical implications of this study is that sponsors of incubators and managers need to obtain a deeper understanding of the incubation ecosystem especially with regard to innovation-based incubators, if successful innovative businesses are to emerge. The results of the study can also be generalized over the small island developing states of the Caribbean.

  5. Stepwise innovation adoption : a neglected concept in innovation research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huizingh, K.R.E.; Brand, M.J.

    2009-01-01

    Most innovation researchers tend to consider innovation adoption as a binary process, implying that companies have either adopted an innovation or not. In this paper we focus on e-commerce as an innovation that can be adopted stepwise. We distinguish between two levels of e-commerce, basic and advan

  6. Industry Differentiation in the Innovation-Exporting Business Models of SMEs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Child, John; Hsieh, Linda; Elbanna, Said;

    Although there have been many studies of the relationship between innovation and exporting among SMEs, two significant gaps in understanding remain. These concern, first, the specific forms of innovation and exporting SMEs undertake and, second, the role of industry in differentiating between these....... This paper addresses these two research gaps by investigating whether there is a systematic variation in the specifics of the innovation-exporting business models adopted by SMEs according to their industry membership. The sample of 180 firms includes an equal number of SMEs actively engaged in exporting...... and located in the clothing, software and biotechnology industries across six economies. The results indicate that SMEs in each industry follow distinctive business models with respect to innovation and exporting. It is concluded that industry is an institutionalized socio-technical system of considerable...

  7. Munich case, some decisions make great stories: Business Model innovation by means of Social Media

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Donaire, Silvia; Olivé Tomàs, Antoni

    2012-01-01

    The main objective of this article is to identify how Social Media influences the way the business is managed and/or innovated. To evaluate this Business Model Innovation we have conducted a case study that assesses how strategic choices made by managers, due to the implementation of Social Media, influences Business Model Innovation. The contribution of this article throughout the company’s history, Munich case, allows us to see how Munich’s Business Model has been innovated, and how Social ...

  8. How Firms Can Get Ideas from Users for Sustainable Business Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanwoo Cho

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The importance of user information and user participation for seeking business opportunities has been widely acknowledged in a variety of industries. Therefore, this study aims to suggest a typology for user innovation models as a strategy for sustainable development and to investigate the characteristics of different types user innovation to encourage and support improved utilization of user innovation in firms. For this purpose, we began by collecting 435 relevant papers from the most-cited academic journals. Then, we developed a typology of user innovation models, which consist of four types including workshop-based, consortium-based, crowdsourcing-based and platform-based, and we investigated the characteristics of the suggested types in terms of applications and research trends. The analysis results reveal that each type has different characteristics and that there exist some research gaps in the user innovation field. Our results are expected to foster understanding of user innovation for guiding sustainable business development and provide useful information for both researchers and innovation mangers.

  9. Internationalization through business model innovation: In search of relevant design dimensions and elements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rask, Morten

    2014-01-01

    Internationalization through business model innovation involves the creation, or reinvention, of the business itself. This paper aims to integrate basic insight from the literature on business model innovation, internationalization of the firm, international entrepreneurship and global marketing...... into a conceptual model. Our model illustrates that internationalization through business model innovation includes design dimensions, which are domestic or globalized in upstream production as well as in downstream markets. The outcome of this paper is four international business model types each with a specific...

  10. Social Business and big business: innovative, promising solutions to overcome poverty?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Yunus

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Do big businesses have to play a role on their own in poverty alleviation? And if so, what are the means of action they are able and eager to implement? For decades, eradicating poverty has been a challenge tackled by public interventions, international development organizations, NGOs. Since the question raised about corporate responsibility, there have been more and more integrated initiatives aiming at reducing social and environmental negative impact of a company. Some are convinced there may be solutions beyond these reactive approaches, relying on more proactive projects putting the social issues in the core business vision. Social business being one of those ambitious approaches, makes the company move from its business as usual and development innovation standards to “open” “embedded” innovation leading to local market creation while addressing poverty issues. Veolia Water, in collaboration with Muhammad Yunus Founder of the Grameen Bank, decided to experiment this kind of business model innovation in Bangladesh where there is urging health concerns linked to water arsenic contamination. The experimental process helped the joint-venture adapt to novelty and complexity (contextual, socio-cultural, commercial and progressively give birth to a real market and test an innovative business model. This learning by doing approach teaches a big company such as Veolia Water how to make the trade-off between short-term profitability and positive contribution to society through a business integrating social concerns in its value proposition. It can also lead to rethinking of its usual practices and contribute to put on a more global sustainable business perspective.

  11. Predictive Control, Competitive Model Business Planning, and Innovation ERP

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nourani, Cyrus F.; Lauth, Codrina

    2015-01-01

    New optimality principles are put forth based on competitive model business planning. A Generalized MinMax local optimum dynamic programming algorithm is presented and applied to business model computing where predictive techniques can determine local optima. Based on a systems model an enterprise...... is not viewed as the sum of its component elements, but the product of their interactions. The paper starts with introducing a systems approach to business modeling. A competitive business modeling technique, based on the author's planning techniques is applied. Systemic decisions are based on common...... Loops, are applied to complex management decisions. Predictive modeling specifics are briefed. A preliminary optimal game modeling technique is presented in brief with applications to innovation and R&D management. Conducting gap and risk analysis can assist with this process. Example application areas...

  12. 76 FR 28730 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2011 Business R&D and Innovation Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... Census Bureau Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2011 Business R&D and Innovation Survey... from the National Science Foundation (NSF), plans to conduct the Business R&D and Innovation Survey... business sector that took into account the changing reality of R&D and innovation. An inter-agency...

  13. Overcoming resistance to change in business innovation processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Vicente Berna-Martinez

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper summarizes the experience gained in dealing with resistance to change appeared in the companies when they develop innovative processes related to the adoption of new technologies,tools, equipment, infrastructure and methodologies. Technological innovation is rapidly absorbed by society on a personal level. But at the enterprise level, resistance to innovation can occur at anyhierarchical level of the company and may appear with different intensity. Depending on the type of enterprise, the hierarchical level of the employee, the intensity of resistance and other factors, the measures taken are different. In this paper we summarize our experience in the cataloging of the resistance to innovation in terms of impact on workers and showing how technology education andbusiness training can help overcome these resistance forces. This paper describes the experience acquired over 22 projects deployed in the period 2005 to 2011 and that has affected a total of 264 workers of different cultural, technological, business and hierarchical levels.

  14. Contextual variables of open innovation paradigm in the business environment of Slovenian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Krapež

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the current condition of Slovenian business environment and its support to open innovation. By carrying out qualitative empirical research, we investigate to what extent determinants from internal, narrower and broader external business environment influence open innovation in Slovenian companies. Several support mechanisms were established to create friendlier environment for open innovation. Our study indicates that if Slovenia wants to be successful on the long run, supportive environment cannot and should not be based solely on government financial support, but must also contain other elements that affect technological development, meaning: 1 organizational culture, values, reward system; 2 legislation; 3 tax and social contributions; 4 bureaucratic barriers; 5 human resources; and 6 favorable bank loans, bank guarantees, venture capital, etc. The paper concludes with implications for managers and policy makers, outlining several promising areas for future research.

  15. The Opportunities and Challenges of Persuasive Technology in Creating Sustainable Innovation and Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Annabeth; Lindgren, Peter

    2015-01-01

    stakeholders provides access to core knowledge about behavior and opportunities to influence and even change their behavior in a positive and more sustainable manner. Sustainable innovation and business model innovation is gaining more and more competitive leverage due to customer requirements, the growing...... strength of NGO’s and the increasing sustainable agenda of global businesses. However, getting knowledge of the stakeholders and their behavior as well as the potentials in actively supporting more sustainable behaviors provides totally new and unique opportunities for radical and customer...

  16. Correlates of Access to Business Research Databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottfried, John C.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines potential correlates of business research database access through academic libraries serving top business programs in the United States. Results indicate that greater access to research databases is related to enrollment in graduate business programs, but not to overall enrollment or status as a public or private institution.…

  17. Legal aspects of business development and innovation in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz Grzegorz Żak

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of this article the basic concepts related to the topic issues are presented. The article focuses on the rationale and ideas of creating entrepreneurship and innovation. On the one hand the work’s aim is to show the basic legal instruments which allow to conduct business in Poland, and to demonstrate the role of state bodies in the promotion of entrepreneurship. However, on the other hand the aim of this work is to show the legal instruments connected with competition and encourage entrepreneurs’ innovativeness, taking into account the current needs and trends occurring on the market.

  18. Business models for frugal innovation : the role of Resource-Constraints

    OpenAIRE

    Winterhalter, Stephan; Zeschky, Marco; Gassmann, Oliver; Weiblen, Tobias

    2014-01-01

    Frugal Innovation is an extreme case of innovation: radically new applications are innovated for an environment of extreme resource and cost constraints. While the phenomenon of frugal innovation has been described from a product perspective, very little is known about how firms organize frugal innovation on a business model level. This study is based on a multiple case study approach investigating five business models for frugal innovation in the context of the medical equipment market in em...

  19. Canada: International Perspectives on Business Communication Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutcliffe, Rebecca J.

    1998-01-01

    Offers an overview of Canada's business-communication research efforts. Describes its definition and scope; issues facing Canadian researchers (gaining an institutional presence, creating Canada as a viable research site, and creating a Canadian research focus); disseminating research in Canada; and expanding Canadian business-communication…

  20. Innovative Improvement and Intensification of Business Relationships Supported by Cooperative Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vančová, Viera; Čambál, Miloš; Cagáňová, Dagmar

    2012-12-01

    Nowadays, the opportunity for companies to be involved in cluster initiatives and international business associations is a major factor that contributes to the increase of their innovative potential. Companies organized in technological clusters have greater access to mutual business contacts, faster information transfer and deployment of advanced technologies. These companies cooperate more frequently with universities and research - development institutions on innovative projects. An important benefit of cluster associations is that they create a suitable environment for innovation and the transfer of knowledge by means of international cooperation and networking. This supportive environment is not easy to access for different small and mediumsized companies, who are not members of any clusters or networks. Supplier-customer business channels expand by means of transnational networks and exchanges of experience. Knowledge potential is broadened and joint innovative projects are developed. Reflecting the growing importance of clusters as driving forces of economic and regional development, a number of cluster policies and initiatives have emerged in the last few decades, oriented to encourage the establishment of new clusters, to support existing clusters, or to assist the development of transnational cooperation. To achieve the goals of the Europe 2020 Strategy, European countries should have an interest in building strong clusters and developing cluster cooperation by sharing specialized research infrastructures and testing facilities and facilitating knowledge transfer for crossborder cooperation. This requires developing a long term joint strategy in order to facilitate the development of open global clusters and innovative small and medium entrepreneurs.

  1. Exploitation, Exploration or Continuous Innovation? Strategy: Focus, Fit and Performance in different business environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gröessler, Andreas; Laugen, Bjørge Timenes; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann;

    analyses are used of data collected from an international sample of manufacturing firms through the International Manufacturing Strategy Survey. The main findings are that, while focused as well as continuous innovation firms exist in all three types of business environments identified in this paper......The purpose of this paper is to investigate the extent to which continuous innovation is pursued as a strategy for manufacturing firms in different types of competitive environments, and whether continuous innovation firms perform better than focused firms in certain environments. Statistical......, continuous innovation appears the most advantageous strategy in terms of operational performance. In subsequent research, the findings should be generalized and extended using longitudinal data and in-depth case studies. Practical implications concern the appropriateness of continuous innovation within...

  2. Emerging themes in international business research

    OpenAIRE

    David A Griffith; Salih Tamer Cavusgil; Shichun Xu

    2008-01-01

    This study is motivated by two research questions: (1) Which recent contributions have been driving the research agenda in international business? (2) Which emerging themes in the literature are likely to set the stage for future work? To examine these questions, the study examined scholarly work in international business over the time period 1996–2006 in six leading international business journals (Journal of International Business Studies, Management International Review, Journal of World B...

  3. Interdisciplinary Approach: A Lever to Business Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razmak, Jamil; Bélanger, Charles H.

    2016-01-01

    The advances in interdisciplinary studies are driving universities to utilize their available resources to efficiently enable development processes and provide increasing examples of research while gradually allocating the disciplines' resources. Ultimately, this trend asks universities to provide a platform of integrated disciplines, along with…

  4. 论我国期货经纪公司业务模式的创新%Research of the Futures Brokerage Company Business Model Innovation in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易铁林

    2012-01-01

    本文阐述了当前我国期货经纪公司的三种业务模式及其主要问题,针对我国的现实情况,提出了我国期货公司新的业务模式的具体设计及相应的对策建议。%This paper presents three types of business patterns, drawing on the business experiences in U.S fu- tures brokerage companies, especially FCM business pattern, and puts forward the specific design and suggestions about new business pattern in China' s futures brokerage companies on the basis of analysis of current situation.

  5. Business Innovation by utilizing Engineering Design Theory and Methodology

    OpenAIRE

    Clausson, Leif

    2006-01-01

    Industrial companies that carry on innovation and operation must have well-organized and capable business systems and processes. Customer needs, market demands, global competition and technological changes drive the companies to be more adaptable, flexible and dynamic. By working in network structures as extended enterprises, the companies face new possibilities and new challenges. Design, manufacturing and delivery of high quality products to competitive prices to the customers are essential...

  6. Business Semantics Management Supports Government Innovation Information Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Grootel, Geert; Spyns, Peter; Christiaens, Stijn; Jörg, Brigitte

    The knowledge economy is one of the cornerstones of our society. Our economic prosperity and development is derived for a large part from technical knowledge. Knowledge unlocks innovation, which in turns spawns new products or services, thereby enabling further economic growth. Hence, an information system unlocking scientific technical knowledge is an important asset for government policy and strategic decisions by industry. In this paper it is explained how business semantics management and related tools are applied to realise the above mentioned endeavour.

  7. Business Process driven solutions for innovative enterprise information systems

    OpenAIRE

    Taglino, Francesco; Lezoche, Mario

    2008-01-01

    Existing limitations and problems in the current life-cycle of software applications will encourage new development paradigms. New technological trends, aiming at responding to current needs, such as flexibility, dynamicity, scalability, will certainly drive the envisaged changes. In this paper, possible solutions for the development and maintenance of innovative enterprise information systems (IS) are outlined. In particular, it will be argued about business process driven approach to inform...

  8. How to establish knowledge sharing from the very first moment in critical and risky Business Model Innovation project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Ulldall, Lena; Aagaard, Annabeth

    Joint action and knowledge sharing are fundamental aspects of business model innovation for businesses to meet the complex Business Model Innovation challenges; for example, think about 12 business jointly innovating on the establishment of a new concept of a balanced energy plant project where...... the business have to work in symbioses; 5 interdiciplinary groups innovating on 5 very different and complex businesses business model challenge and 22 independent business collaborative innovation on the establishment of a new Business Model Innovation incubator platform. Yet, cognitive science and best...

  9. International Business Research: Coauthorship Patterns and Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Kam C; Fung, Hung-Gay; Leung, Wai K.

    2008-01-01

    The authors investigate published international business research in four international business journals over a 10-year period, 1995-2004: (a) patterns of coauthorship across regions, and (b) the relation between coauthorship patterns and the quality of international business (IB) articles. A cross-region coauthorship enhances the quality of an…

  10. Neoliberal Economics and Small Business Accounting Research: A Critical Evaluation of Agendas and Methodologies

    OpenAIRE

    Parry, Simon

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the development of small business accounting research over the last 20 years within the context of the neoliberal debate on government policy. The paper explores how the agenda driving small business research differs from that of mainstream accounting research. Whereas the latter tends to be concerned with new technical developments and innovation (Baldvinsdottir, Mitchell, et al. 2010), small business accounting research can be seen as typically seeking practical contribu...

  11. The research on innovation of business model driven by the analysis of big data%大数据分析驱动企业商业模式的创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳玲

    2014-01-01

    As the big data era , the development of big data catalyzed a large number of related industries , also brought the business model innovation opportunities .Big data problems rising rapidly from the technical level to the highest level of national strategy .This paper from the business management in big data is facing under the background of the times of the analysis of the challenges , enterprises are facing in the application and research problems , new changes and new research brings big data environment for business opportunities , thinking and exploring how to let China quickly adapt to big data environment in the business model innova -tion, and the effective use of new opportunities and challenges .At last, the paper makes a prospect for the de-velopment of big data .%随着大数据时代的来临,大数据发展催化了大量的相关产业,也带来了商业模式创新的机遇。大数据问题迅速从技术层面上升到国家战略的最高层面。商务管理在大数据背景下面临诸多的时代挑战,分析企业在应用与研究方面所面临的问题,研究大数据环境下所带来的商业机会的新变化与新思路,思考并探索如何让我国在商业模式创新中迅速适应大数据环境,并有效利用新的机遇与挑战等问题刻不容缓,文章探讨了大数据驱动的商业模式的创新,并对大数据的发展做出展望。

  12. The Link Between Firms? Innovation Decision and the Business Cycle: An Empirical Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Heger, Diana

    2004-01-01

    The sensitivity of innovation activities with respect to the business cycle is often assumed to be small. In this paper the hypothesis on cyclical dependence of innovation activities is tested for firms in the German manufacturing, and additionally for SMEs. To this end firms' innovation decisions are considered. The decision to innovate in one period is modelled via a first-order Markov chain approach. The results suggest that the patterns in innovative behavior are linked to the business cy...

  13. Innovation and Employment in Services : The case of Knowledge Intensive Business Services in Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    Nählinder, Johanna

    2005-01-01

    This is a study of innovation in Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) and the impact innovation has on employment. The thesis relies on theories within the fields of "innovation in services", in particular KIBS, and "innovation and employment", taking as its point of departure the taxonomy of product and process innovation. The thesis is based on a discussion of innovation in services with a focus on how innovation in services may be understood and delineated. A long discussion is ded...

  14. Strategic Innovation for Business Performance: The Art and Science of Transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harold Schroeder

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Despite the well-documented association between innovation and business performance, many organizations struggle in their attempts to become successful innovators. This article discusses a recommended “art and science of transformation” approach to help companies improve their innovation performance through effective organizational change. The approach is focused on four key factors: culture, collaboration, strategy, and systems. Examples are drawn from a review of previous research to demonstrate successful innovation practice using similar approaches, and examples of less successful practice are included to highlight ways in which an "art and science" approach can help overcome the difficulties often faced. The article concludes with some practical, step-by-step guidance based on the art and science of transformation framework.

  15. Innovation and new technologies – pillars for a business sustainable development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavinia DOVLEAC

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paperwork approach the topic of sustainability as an essential condition for business survival on any market. In this context, the question is if companies are actively integrating sustainability principles into their businesses. The objective for this paper is to present how much innovation and new technologies help companies on their path to achieving sustainability and what could be done more in this direction. The paper aim is realised based on the results of a marketing research conducted among Romanian companies from different industries.

  16. Organizing for innovation: Exploring in an exploitative business environment

    OpenAIRE

    Skipenes, Sverre Sandvold

    2014-01-01

    With changing markets and regulatory frameworks companies must adapt in order to stay competitive. Initiating innovative activities in large, well-established organizations can be a challenging process and theorists debate how this should be done without hampering existing products and processes. By conducting an exploratory case study this research provides an in-depth understanding of the process leading to organizing for innovation in Avinor ANSD. By investigating the five propositions der...

  17. Innovation management and firms' performance : the role of business strategy, organizational capabilities and external environment

    OpenAIRE

    Μαμμασής, Κωνσταντίνος

    2013-01-01

    In the modern highly competitive business environments innovation research has flourished as the need of organizations to develop new products, to compete intensively and to perform their tasks adequately has become vital (Brown & Eisenhardt, 1995; Damanpour, 1991). This continuous change leads firms to confront with the tension of exploring new opportunities or exploiting current competencies (Floyd & Lane, 2000; Lavie, Stettner, & Tushman, 2010). March’s (1991) “ambidexterity” premise refer...

  18. Unlearning/Relearning in Processesof Business Information Systems Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurizio Pighin

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Unlearning is defined as throwing away concepts learnt in the past to give space for possible new learning. The learning process that supports deep change should be composed by different unlearning-learning phases, both at the individual level and at a more general organizational level. Must unlearning and relearning concepts be explicitly considered in business process reengineering based on the reorganization of information systems? This paper tries to answer this question, by describing the impact of change in information systems on the knowledge model of an organization. The analysis of a recent case study of information systems innovation, permit us to highlight common deficiencies in the design of information systems reengineering processes, particularly in SME. The paper ends with the suggestion of “good practices” that could permit the success of innovation processes by reducing the risk of failure due to excessive resistance to change.

  19. NETWORK BASED BUSINESS MODEL INNOVATION TARGETING THE BOP MARKET

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Jacob; Kroghstrup Nielsen, Martin; Lindgren, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Through innovation of products, process and business models targeting the needs of 4 billion poor people living at "the base of pyramid" (BoP) (Prahalad & Hart 2002) in developing countries the private sector can actively support poverty alleviation and at the same time reach new untouched market...... open new possibilities to product and service development to the BoP market....... & Halme 2008). The market and customer line - exemplified by soap producers trying to penetrate the BoPline - exemplified by soap producers trying to penetrate the BoP market through product adaptation selling soap in smaller packages (Hart & Christensen 2002, Prahalad 2006). Based on the case study...

  20. Based on Intelligent Robot of E-business Distribution Center Operation Mode Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Juntao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available According to E-business distribution center operation mode in domestic and advanced experience drawing lessons at home and abroad, this paper based on intelligent robot researches E-business distribution center operation mode. And it proposes the innovation logistics storage in E-business and sorting integration system, and elaborates its principle, characteristics, as well as studies its business mode and logistics process, and its parameters and working mode of AGV equipment.

  1. 企业间电子商务驱动的流程创新能力研究%Research on IT -Enabled Process Innovation Capability Driven by Inter -firm E -business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡振炎; 曹晟

    2015-01-01

    In the context of inter -firm e -business,how to apply e -business to gain inter -firm process innovation and process innovation capability that can constantly create new products,services and marketing strategies,have become the key issue in field of value creation by applying e -business.Based on dynamic capability,this study explores the formation of process innovation capability driven by inter -firm e -business and its value -driven process.%在企业间电子商务背景下,如何应用电子商务获得企业间流程创新,持续创造新的产品、服务和营销策略的流程创新能力,已经成为了企业应用电子商务实现价值创造的关键问题。文中以动态能力为理论基础,探讨了企业间电子商务驱动下的流程创新能力的形成及其价值驱动过程。

  2. Global Organic Research and Innovation Needs

    OpenAIRE

    Aksoy, Uygun

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Research and Innovation Needs - Production Systems - Breeding and Variety/Breed Development - Post-harvest and Quality - Processing and Packaging - Energy - Markets and Consumers - Policy Research Conclusion

  3. Business model engineering: creating non-linear growth effects for service innovations

    OpenAIRE

    Kijl, B.; Ehrenhard, M.L.; Wijnhoven, A.B.J.M.; Nieuwenhuis, L.J.M.; Boersma, D.

    2012-01-01

    Every service innovation needs a viable business model in order to create and capture value. Strikingly, most of the current literature is focused on business model design only, whereas almost no attention is given to business model validation and implementation – let alone experimentation with components of business models. The goal of this study is to demonstrate, with the help of a (quantitative) business model engineering tool, how a continuous cycle of business model design, validation, ...

  4. Effects of R&D spending on innovation by Irish and foreign-owned businesses

    OpenAIRE

    Doran, Justin; Jordan, Declan; O'Leary, Eoin

    2013-01-01

    This paper estimates the private returns to four different kinds of R&D spending on the probability of Irish and foreign-owned businesses engaging in product, process and organizational innovation. By providing econometric analysis of nearly 2000 businesses in the Community Innovation Survey: 2004 to 2006, it makes an important contribution to our understanding of the effects of Irish innovation policy, which has incentivized businesses to spend on R&D in Ireland. The main findings are that...

  5. Funding Opportunities Available for Innovative SBIR Development - Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Does your small business need early-stage financing to take its cancer research to the next level? The National Cancer Institute Small Business Innovation Research (NCI SBIR) Development Center has released $5 million for new contract funding opportunities to support cancer research and technology development in key emerging areas of need.

  6. Audience Commodification: A Source of Innovation in Business Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khajeheian, Datis

    2016-01-01

    two phases of surveys and experimentation. In the first phase, the tendency and acceptance level of users towards watching advertisements to unlock value are measured. In the next phase, a platform prototype is developed to test and understand user actions towards receiving value. The sample includes...... 52 users of different nationalities who were seeking relationships on an online dating platform. Results revealed that users accept advertising and will perform requested actions if they can perceive the delivered value. Practical implications of this research include insights to help move away from....... The business model was generated from the concept of audience commodification and is based on the idea of looking at the users as source of a tradeable asset in business-to-business markets. Here, attention and actions are the assets that users pay to access the proposed value. The research includes...

  7. Les raisonnements à l'oeuvre dans la conception de business models innovants

    OpenAIRE

    Haggege, Meyer

    2013-01-01

    The company of the future will not have the same characteristics as today! Among the many levers of change, the business model is a recent concept familiar to practitioners and academics. They have a strong interest for it. The business model is a mental framework that describes how the business works, specifically how the company created and capture value (Teece, 2010). Technological innovation is also a lever that sometimes requires business model innovation (Chesbrough 2002). When technolo...

  8. Multi-business firms, knowledge flows and intra-network open innovations

    OpenAIRE

    Villasalero Diaz, Manuel

    2014-01-01

    The open innovation paradigm has been so far focused on external networks. The role of internal networks in multi-business firms have been consequently neglected. Business units within multi-business corporations have the potential advantage of relying on both external partners and internal peers in order to support their product innovation process. The corporate network thus enables business units to provide knowledge (source knowledge from) to peers in their quest to bring new products onto...

  9. Liquidity Analysis of Innovative and Traditional Businesses in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Bolek

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the liquidity of Polish non-financial companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange, dividing them into two groups: companies with the intangible to fixed assets ratio higher than the median, deemed to be innovative businesses, and companies with the intangible to fixed assets ratio lower than the median, deemed to be traditional businesses. Our results show that liquidity management is different in these two groups when analyzing the cash conversion cycle, the current and quick ratios, and liquid assets. The authors use data representing the Polish economy on the assumption that it can be considered a model one for other developing countries. Poland is at the beginning of this road, completing its systemic transformation after 20 years of efforts, as society has been building an innovation-based economy. Skills in the field of financial management will have to be developed as data analysis described in this paper reveals poor liquidity management. The authors will follow the development of the Polish economy (called a European tiger to show how it has changed over time.

  10. INNOVATION, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN ROMANIAN ENTREPRISES

    OpenAIRE

    Barna, Cristina; EPURE, Manuela; Baicu, Claudia

    2010-01-01

    The European Union declared the year 2009 – The Year of Creativity and Innovation. Creativity and innovation can move society forward toward prosperity. In this context, we analyzed in our paper the innovation, research & development potential and performance of the Romanian enterprises. After presenting the conceptual framework and statistical sources in EU for innovation and a general overview of Europe seen as a place for research activities, we examined in details the Romania case: a coun...

  11. Advancing Family Business Research Through Narrative Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dawson, Alexandra; Hjorth, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Despite advances in family business research, the field would benefit from greater methodological rigor. However, rigor does not mean convergence of methodologies. In this article, the authors adopt a novel approach, based on narrative analysis, to address the succession process in a family...... business. This interpretive perspective is appropriate for family business studies, which address multifaceted and complex social constructs that are performed by different actors in multiple contexts. The analysis highlights five key themes centering on leadership style and succession, trust...

  12. 互联网金融服务创新对小微企业融资模式影响研究%The Innovation of Financial Services on the Internet Small and Micro Businesses Financing Mode Effect Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宏武

    2014-01-01

    Penetration of the internet financial products to the traditional financial market,bring the enormous impact to the traditional financial service mode of the banking industry,from the impact of government policy oriented finance of visible internet.In the internet financial service and traditional financial services competition,research small and micro businesses financing mode influence,explore the way to solve the problem small and micro businesses financing,has a positive practical significance in promoting the healthy development of Small and micro businesses.This paper first summarizes the current situation and trend of the Internet financial development,connotation and influence of the internet finance,then from the Internet financial model innovation point of view of the internet financial effects of micro enterprise financing mode of small.%互联网金融产品对传统金融市场的渗透,给银行业的传统金融服务模式带来巨大的冲击,从政府的政策导向可见互联网金融的冲击力之大。在互联网金融服务与传统金融服务的对碰中,研究小微企业融资模式受到怎样的影响,探索解决小微企业融资难问题的方法,推动小微企业的健康发展有着积极的现实意义。文章首先归纳了互联网金融发展的现状和趋势,互联网金融的内涵及影响,进而从互联网金融模式创新角度分析了互联网金融对小微企业融资模式的影响。

  13. 互联网金融服务创新对小微企业融资模式影响研究%The Innovation of Financial Services on the Internet Small and Micro Businesses Financing Mode Effect Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宏武

    2014-01-01

    互联网金融产品对传统金融市场的渗透,给银行业的传统金融服务模式带来巨大的冲击,从政府的政策导向可见互联网金融的冲击力之大。在互联网金融服务与传统金融服务的对碰中,研究小微企业融资模式受到怎样的影响,探索解决小微企业融资难问题的方法,推动小微企业的健康发展有着积极的现实意义。文章首先归纳了互联网金融发展的现状和趋势,互联网金融的内涵及影响,进而从互联网金融模式创新角度分析了互联网金融对小微企业融资模式的影响。%Penetration of the internet financial products to the traditional financial market,bring the enormous impact to the traditional financial service mode of the banking industry,from the impact of government policy oriented finance of visible internet.In the internet financial service and traditional financial services competition,research small and micro businesses financing mode influence,explore the way to solve the problem small and micro businesses financing,has a positive practical significance in promoting the healthy development of Small and micro businesses.This paper first summarizes the current situation and trend of the Internet financial development,connotation and influence of the internet finance,then from the Internet financial model innovation point of view of the internet financial effects of micro enterprise financing mode of small.

  14. A New Business Model for Problem Solving-Infusing Open Collaboration and Innovation Health and Human Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Jeffrey R.; Richard, Eliabeth E.; Fogarty, Jennifer A.; Rando, Cynthia M.

    2011-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the Space Life Sciences Directorate (SLSD) new business model for problem solving, with emphasis on open collaboration and innovation. The topics that are discussed are: an overview of the work of the Space Life Sciences Directorate and the strategic initiatives that arrived at the new business model. A new business model was required to infuse open collaboration/innovation tools into existing models for research, development and operations (research announcements, procurements, SBIR/STTR etc). This new model involves use of several open innovation partnerships: InnoCentive, Yet2.com, TopCoder and NASA@work. There is also a new organizational structure developed to facilitate the joint collaboration with other NASA centers, international partners, other U.S. Governmental organizations, Academia, Corporate, and Non-Profit organizations: the NASA Human Health and Performance Center (NHHPC).

  15. The Research Status and Trend of ERP Ⅱ Supporting Business Model Innovation%支持商业模式创新的ERPⅡ的研究现状与趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠芬; 喻妍; 唐秋鸿

    2012-01-01

    Accompanied by the competition between the enterprises upgraded to the competition between the value chain, ERP H . supporting the collaborative commerce, arises at the historic moment. Therefore, this article, on the basis of identifying the existing literatures about ERP and ERP II , mainly aims at inducting and classifying the research status of ERP H in three aspects; system functions, system architecture and critical success factors. At the same time, the article finds its shortcomings, then draws the future study tendency for ERP II in the business model innovation perspective, thus helps to provide certain research foundation for more in - depth research of ERP II and a theoretical guidance for ERP upgrading as well.%伴随着企业之间的竞争升级为价值链之间的竞争,支持协同商务的ERPⅡ应运而生.在厘清关于ERP及ERPⅡ的现有文献的基础上,重点针对ERPⅡ从系统功能、体系结构和关键成功因素三个方面进行归纳和分析,并指出现有研究的不足.最后提出了商业模式创新视角下ERPⅡ未来的研究方向和趋势,为今后对ERPⅡ进行更深入的研究提供一定的研究基础,同时也对企业ERP系统升级提供一定的理论指导.

  16. Open innovation researching a new paradigm

    CERN Document Server

    Vanhaverbeke, Wim; West, Joel

    2006-01-01

    Open Innovation describes an emergent model of innovation in which firms draw on research and development that may lie outside their own boundaries. In some cases, such as open source software, this research and development can take place in a non-proprietary manner. Henry Chesbrough and his collaborators investigate this phenomenon, linking the practice of innovation to the established body of innovation research, showing what's new and what's familiar in the process. Offering theoretical explanations for the use (and limits) of open innovation, the book examines the applicability of the concept, implications for the boundaries of firms, the potential of open innovation to prove successful, and implications for intellectual property policies and practices. The book will be key reading for academics, researchers, and graduate students of innovation and technology management.

  17. The Effect of Market Leadership in Business Process Innovation: The Case(s) of E-Business Adoption

    OpenAIRE

    Kristina Steffenson McElheran

    2010-01-01

    This paper empirically investigates how market leadership influences firm propensity to adopt new business process innovations. Using a unique data set spanning roughly 35,000 plants in 86 U.S. manufacturing industries, I study the adoption of frontier e-business practices during the early diffusion of the commercial internet. Theory predicts that firms with greater market share will be more likely to adopt innovations that build on their existing strengths, while they will resist more radica...

  18. Research methodology of innovative behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Weryński, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    This book is a substantive culmination of the works in the innovative testing project titled ‘With the matrix to innovative entrepreneurship’. It was planned as a methodological work in its structure along with the contents addressed to the students a nd scientific employees of universities (to some extent), to the entrepreneurs who wish to extend th eir knowledge in the area of innovation management, innovation in marketing and marketing i nnovation. The book takes into consideration not onl...

  19. Innovation surveys: A researcher's perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Mark Tomlinson

    2000-01-01

    An earlier version of this paper was prepared for the joint OECD/Eurostat workshop on innovation surveys, OECD, Paris, June 30th 1999. The paper addresses some issues about the nature of innovation surveys (particularly the new Community Innovation Surveys) and how they might be improved to take on board several crucial developments in contemporary advanced economies. In particular the following topics are discussed: the increased distribution of innovative activity across firms and networks;...

  20. Enhancement of Cooperation and Communication between Universities and the Business Environment, Requirement for a Good Functioning of the Knowledge Triangle: Education, Research, Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura DINDIRE

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available With regard to the Lisbon objective of transforming the EU into the most competitive knowledge-based economy in the world, the present paper aims to identify the place held by the current academic environment - entrepreneurial environment communication, as well as the deficiencies of this partnership relation. Among the methods of collection and systematization of information they selected the direct, selective research, according to a questionnaire. Data collection was conducted in October-November 2010, the sample of the respondents consisting of 432 company managers in the Argeş County. The main results of the research highlights the need to improve the communication and collaboration between the two areas, the paper offers concrete solutions.

  1. Enhancement of Cooperation and Communication between Universities and the Business Environment, Requirement for a Good Functioning of the Knowledge Triangle: Education, Research, Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Laura DINDIRE; Mihaela ASANDEI; Cristina GĂNESCU

    2011-01-01

    With regard to the Lisbon objective of transforming the EU into the most competitive knowledge-based economy in the world, the present paper aims to identify the place held by the current academic environment - entrepreneurial environment communication, as well as the deficiencies of this partnership relation. Among the methods of collection and systematization of information they selected the direct, selective research, according to a questionnaire. Data collection was cond...

  2. INTEGRATING BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE IN STATE ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURES FOR STIMULATING INNOVATIVE CLUSTERS

    OpenAIRE

    Ioana COMSULEA; Cristina A. FLOREA

    2014-01-01

    Business intelligence and knowledge management seems to gain the attention of the society regarding the benefits that brings to it when this two domains are considered as a whole. The advantage of using business intelligence in order to take decisions and bring innovation to the business, are convincing more and more entrepreneurs to implement this solution. The challenge in managing and using the knowledge that the business intelligence offers to the business, comes with the integration of t...

  3. Innovating beyond Technology: Studies on how management innovation, co-creation and business model innovation contribute to firms' (innovation) performance

    OpenAIRE

    Heij, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    textabstractInnovation is generally considered to be a cornerstone of organizational survival in many of today’s dynamic and competitive markets. This dissertation goes beyond the dominant focus on technological innovation in innovation studies by examining how and under which conditions several major non-technological types of innovation contribute to firm performance. The five studies presented in this dissertation reveal more about how management innovation, co-creation with customers and ...

  4. Global Business Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rask, Morten

    regarding the customer interface and in an upstream perspective regarding the supply infrastructure. The paper offers a coherent conceptual dynamic meta-model of global business model innovation. Students, scholars and managers within the field of international business can use this conceptualization...... to understand, to study, and to create global business model innovation. Managerial and research implications draw on the developed ideal type of global business model innovation.......Firms internationalizing their activities work with business model innovation understood as the creation, or reinvention, of the business itself so that the combination of innovation with internationalization makes the business model play an integrative role. This paper aims to integrate basic...

  5. The Comparison Research on Business Model Innovation Paths of Online Travel Companies%在线旅游企业商业模式创新路径比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李芸; 周玲强; 杜萍

    2014-01-01

    在线旅游企业的商业模式创新引起业界和学界的广泛关注。本文将在线旅游企业的商业模式分为三类,即:综合超市模式、搜索引擎模式、专业化模式,并以携程旅行网、去哪儿网、途家网为例对三种商业模式的创新路径进行了分析。本文认为,大型在线旅游企业正选择一站式线上旅行平台的商业模式创新方向,并逐渐成为旅游产品供应链的领导者;而中小在线旅游企业则走专业化的道路,成为旅游产品供应链上不可分割的一环。%The business models innovation of online travel companies has drawn extensive attention from the industry and academia. This paper divides the business models of online travel companies into three categories, namely, Comprehensive Supermarket Model, Search Engine Model and Professionalization Model and taking Ctrip.Com, Qunar.Com and TuJia.Com as examples, analyzes the innovation path of these three business models. The paper believes that large-sized online travel companies are choosing the business model innovation of one-stop online travel platform and gradually becoming the leader of the tourism product supply chain;while middle and small-sized online travel companies are choosing the professionalization path and becoming an indivisible part of the tourism product supply chain.

  6. 在线旅游企业商业模式创新路径比较研究%The Comparison Research on Business Model Innovation Paths of Online Travel Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李芸; 周玲强; 杜萍

    2014-01-01

    在线旅游企业的商业模式创新引起业界和学界的广泛关注。本文将在线旅游企业的商业模式分为三类,即:综合超市模式、搜索引擎模式、专业化模式,并以携程旅行网、去哪儿网、途家网为例对三种商业模式的创新路径进行了分析。本文认为,大型在线旅游企业正选择一站式线上旅行平台的商业模式创新方向,并逐渐成为旅游产品供应链的领导者;而中小在线旅游企业则走专业化的道路,成为旅游产品供应链上不可分割的一环。%The business models innovation of online travel companies has drawn extensive attention from the industry and academia. This paper divides the business models of online travel companies into three categories, namely, Comprehensive Supermarket Model, Search Engine Model and Professionalization Model and taking Ctrip.Com, Qunar.Com and TuJia.Com as examples, analyzes the innovation path of these three business models. The paper believes that large-sized online travel companies are choosing the business model innovation of one-stop online travel platform and gradually becoming the leader of the tourism product supply chain;while middle and small-sized online travel companies are choosing the professionalization path and becoming an indivisible part of the tourism product supply chain.

  7. Product lifecycle management through innovative and competitive business environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Gecevska

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Product Lifecycle Management (PLM is the process of managing the whole life cycle of a product starting from generating an idea, concept description, business analyzes, product design and solution architecture and technical implementation, to the successful entrance to the market, service, maintenance and product improvement. At present, a wide range of stakeholders including consumers, regulators, shareholders and public bodies are demanding that companies address product management through all life cycle in a more comprehensive and sustainable way. However, even if a company actually wishes innovate its processes for improving the way to account for project management, it will face relevant difficulties to deal with different guidelines, tools and methods currently addressing the matter from various points of view. The purpose of this paper is to review literature on PLM from an operational point of view with the objective to help companies to answer to the main market needs.

  8. Taxation as an instrument of stimulation of innovation-active business entities

    OpenAIRE

    Andrey Nechaev

    2014-01-01

    The analysis of the theoretical material revealed the lack of consensus on defini-tion of the tax stimulation of innovation-active business entities within the re-gional taxation. The definition tax stimulation of innovation-active business en-tities is specified.

  9. Navigating towards Responsible Research and Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Morten Velsing; Lindner, Ralf; Bryndum, Nina;

    2016-01-01

    on research and innovation and a promotional goal of supporting the desired impact of research and innovation. Some of the many inspirations for RRI governance can be found in, for example, foresight, technology assessment, responsibility frameworks, codes of conduct, and CSR. A growing number of studies......The uptake and development of responsible research and innovation (RRI) ranges from policy debates to initiatives in the governance of research, technology and innovation. In this context, “responsibility” is interpreted with a twofold goal: a precautionary goal of avoiding an adverse impact...

  10. ILLUMINATING APPLIED SERVICE INNOVATION RESEARCH WITH SMES: THE CASE OF THE RIKON GROUP

    OpenAIRE

    Power, Jamie R; Hussey, Jennifer; Lynch, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    Generating absorbable and practical knowledge on the systematic development, design and testing of new and/or improved service offerings, processes and business models, i.e. service innovation, represents a timely and relevant growth area transcending European and Irish innovation, recovery and socio-economic strategies. However, research into the development and practice of service innovation vis-à-vis product innovation is a relatively emerging domain and as such, is at best characterised a...

  11. Design and Research: Partners for Educational Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, Gordon

    2008-01-01

    The great need for educational innovation goes beyond what educational research alone can provide. Educational design offers much potential, particularly in combination with research--as design research (research "on," "into," or "about" design), design-based research (research "through" design), research-enhanced design (research to "inform"…

  12. Research on Business Model Innovations for Electric Vehicles:From the Perspective of Value Network%基于价值网络的电动汽车商业模式创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛奕曦; 陈翌; 孔德洋

    2014-01-01

    Business model innovation for electric vehicles (EVs) is an important way to promote the innovation diffusion of EVs. Consumer utility and profitability of business entities in the value network determines the sus-tainability of business models for EVs. So this paper adopts comparison and dynamic break-even analysis (BEP) methods to analyze the 'Shenzhen Model' from the perspective of economics. The results reveal that markup price between purchasing and charging, charging time and EV market penetration in the charging operational aspect are key factors of influencing the sustainability of the business model. Based on these, the profitability of each key actor is integrated to summarize and evaluate other domestic business models and some suggestions are proposed.%电动汽车商业模式是推动电动汽车技术创新扩散的重要途径,而商业模式价值网络中消费者效用和经营主体盈利性决定了该模式是否可持续。运用比较法和动态盈亏平衡分析法(BEP),从经济性视角重点对“深圳模式”进行剖析,发现充电运营环节的购电和充电差价、充电时间、充电需求量是影响商业模式可持续发展的关键参数。并以此为基础,对国内电动汽车商业模式中各主体的盈利能力进行考察和评价,总结存在的问题,并提出对策建议。

  13. The intervening effect of business innovation capability on the relationship between Total Quality Management and technological innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Galende, Jesús; Perdomo-Ortiz, Jesús; Gonzalez-Benito, Javier

    2009-01-01

    Abstract The growing diffusion and acceptance in the business world of Total Quality Management (TQM) has provoked greater interest on the part of academia. Although fundamental questions focus on how the different dimensions of TQM can bring about better business performance, a more recent recurring issue pertains to the relationship between TQM and technological innovation and whether technological innovations might provide a source of competitive advantage. Unfortunately, from b...

  14. Building a culture of innovation a practical framework for placing innovation at the core of your business

    CERN Document Server

    Beswick, Cris; Geraghty, Jo

    2015-01-01

    Being a truly innovative company is more than the dreaming up of new products and services by external consultants and internal taskforces. Staying one step ahead of the competition requires you to embed innovation into your organizational culture. Innovation needs to be embodied in everything that gets done by everyone who works there. By changing your organizational culture to one that supports innovation, you will remove the barriers that stop you responding quickly and agilely to changing market conditions and opportunities for growth. Building a Culture of Innovation presents a practical framework that you can follow to design and embed a culture of innovation in your business.The six-step Innovation Culture Change Framework offers a structured process to make change stick, from assessing your organization's innovation-readiness to leading a managed change process that will foster innovation at each level. It includes case studies from international organizations which have shifted their focus to an inno...

  15. Business model innovation for Local Energy Management: a perspective from Swiss utilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Facchinetti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The successful deployment of the energy transition relies on a deep reorganization of the energy market. Business model innovation is recognized as a key driver of this process. This work contributes to this topic by providing to potential Local Energy Management stakeholders and policy makers a conceptual framework guiding the Local Energy Management business model innovation. The main determinants characterizing Local Energy Management concepts and impacting its business model innovation are identified through literature reviews on distributed generation typologies and customer/investor preferences related to new business opportunities emerging with the energy transition. Afterwards, the relation between the identified determinants and the Local Energy Management business model solution space is analyzed based on semi-structured interviews with managers of Swiss utilities companies. The collected managers’ preferences serve as explorative indicators supporting the business model innovation process and provide insights to policy makers on challenges and opportunities related to Local Energy Management.

  16. Research and innovation for organic food companies

    OpenAIRE

    TP Organics,

    2016-01-01

    Research and innovation for organic food companies. Science Day 2016 at the BIOFACH 2016. Presentations: > Key note speech: - Financing innovation in the organic sector with the SME instrument: the case of organic spirulina (Raffaele Zanoli, Università Politecnica delle Marche) > Research and innovation for organic food companies: - Introduction: Bram Moeskop, Senior Scientific Coordinator, TP Organics - Luc Gauduchon, Food R&D Manager, Léa Nature - Lorenzo Tonini, R&D m...

  17. Understanding Innovation for Sustainable Business Management Capabilities and Competencies under Uncertainty

    OpenAIRE

    Kuo-Jui Wu; Ching-Jong Liao; Ming-Lang Tseng; Pei-Jay Chou

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, many firms have come to understand that innovation is an important issue in sustainable business management, as it helps improve firm capabilities and competencies. Because of the fiercely competitive environment in the hotel industry, innovation has become a critical factor in the process of hotel differentiation, leading to sustainable business success. However, the literature has not thoroughly examined the role of innovation or the hierarchical structure of the capabiliti...

  18. How Collaborative Business Modeling Can Be Used to Jointly Explore Sustainability Innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konnertz, Lars; Rohrbeck, René; Knab, Sebastian

    2011-01-01

    the German energy market, where business modeling has been used in a collaborative fashion. After describing this collaborative business modeling (CBM) approach, we discuss its strengths and limitations and compare it to the alternative methods of innovation planning: scenario technique and...... markets are needed, CBM can contribute to explore a new business field with a holistic perspective....

  19. Early Phases of Business Model Innovation: An Ideation Experience Workshop in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoveskog, M.; Halila, F.; Danilovic, M.

    2015-01-01

    As the mantra "innovate your business model or die" increases in popularity among practitioners and academics, so does the need for novel and feasible business models. In this article, we describe an ideation experience workshop, conducted in an undergraduate business course, in which students, guided by their lecturers and two industry…

  20. Business model engineering: creating non-linear growth effects for service innovations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kijl, B.; Ehrenhard, M.L.; Wijnhoven, A.B.J.M.; Nieuwenhuis, L.J.M.; Boersma, D.

    2012-01-01

    Every service innovation needs a viable business model in order to create and capture value. Strikingly, most of the current literature is focused on business model design only, whereas almost no attention is given to business model validation and implementation – let alone experimentation with comp

  1. Research & Development, Innovation and Marketing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brem, Alexander; Sherif, H.; Katzenstein, L.;

    2011-01-01

    Innovations play an ever-increasing role in companies hoping to gain and sustain a competitive advantage. However, certain technological innovations are not always perceived as something desirable and are often problematic. One problem for managers is the resistance of different kinds of stakehol...... of the International Journal of Technology Marketing devoted to the subject....... of stakeholders, both internally and externally. But also new structures, such as multi-sector and open innovations, pose problems. The goal of this chapter is to provide managers with insights on how to successfully launch new innovations and overcome such resistance. The chapter is based on a special issue...

  2. Innovating beyond Technology : Studies on how management innovation, co-creation and business model innovation contribute to firms' (innovation) performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.V. Heij (Kevin)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractInnovation is generally considered to be a cornerstone of organizational survival in many of today’s dynamic and competitive markets. This dissertation goes beyond the dominant focus on technological innovation in innovation studies by examining how and under which conditions several maj

  3. Research on the Chain Integration and Business Model Innovation of Quanzhou Shoes and Apparel Textile Industry%泉州纺织鞋服产业链整合与商业模式创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林青

    2015-01-01

    纺织鞋服产业是泉州支柱性产业,在“工业4.0”及大数据技术的发展背景下,纺织鞋服企业进行产业链整合和商业模式创新具有重要的意义.泉州纺织鞋服产业较早就开始了产业链整合,而且在“品牌+渠道”、“线上+线下”、“轻资产”和“产金融合”等商业模式创新上作了许多尝试,但仍存在以跟随性模仿为主、线上与线下矛盾渐突出、全产业链系统跨界不足、高层次人才支撑薄弱等问题.围绕泉州纺织鞋服产业商业模式创新,从产业链整合视角看,要着力向微笑曲线两端升级、积极开展供应链协同管理创新、推进全产业链系统跨界合作,从政府助推视角看,要加大商业模式创新政策的执行力、努力打造一批商业模式创新平台、加速创新创业人才向企业集聚、整合资本力量助推商业模式创新.%Quanzhou shoes and apparel textile industry is the first pillar industry under industrial 4.0 and big data technology development background,conductting chain integration and business model in-novation on the shoes and apparel textile enterprises has important significance.Quanzhou shoes and apparel textile industry started the integration of industrial chain.The “brand + channels”,“Online +line”,“light assets”and “gold production integration”and other business models have made a lot of in-novation.But still there exists the imitation based,online and offline contradictions become increasingly prominent,the whole industry chain system cross-border issues,high-level personnel support and other issues.Around Quanzhou shoes and apparel textile industry business model innovation,from the per-spective of industrial chain integration,Quanzhou shoes and apparel textile industry have to focus on to smile at both ends of the curve upgrading,actively carry out supply chain collaborative management in-novation,response to market demand

  4. Playful Collaboration (or Not): Using a Game to Grasp the Social Dynamics of Open Innovation in Innovation and Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogers, Marcel; Sproedt, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    This article explores how playing games can be used to teach intangible social interaction across boundaries, in particular within open collaborative innovation. We present an exploratory case study of how students learned from playing a board game in a graduate course of the international and interdisciplinary Innovation and Business master's…

  5. Internationalisation of construction business and e-commerce: Innovation, integration and dynamic capabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thayaparan Gajendran

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite the role of internet and web based applications in delivering competitive advantage through e-business process is widely acknowledged, little is done by way of research to use the dynamic capability framework, in exploring the role of ecommerce in the construction business internationalisation. The aim of this paper is to present a literature based theoretical exploration using dynamic capability view to discuss internationalising construction businesses through electronic commerce (e-commerce platforms. This paper contextualises the opportunities for internationalising construction, using a mix of supply chain paradigms, embedded with e-commerce platforms. The paper concludes by identifying the potential of dynamic capabilities of a firm, exploiting the innovation and integration potential of different e-business systems, in contributing to the internationalisation of construction businesses. It proposes that contracting firms with developed dynamic capabilities, has the potential to exploit e-commerce platforms to channel upstream activities to an international destination, and also offers the firm’s products/services to international markets.

  6. Research on the Culture of Innovation in Agricultural Research Institutes

    OpenAIRE

    Han, Jin; Li, Si-jing; Lu, Jian-zhong

    2011-01-01

    This paper depicts the definition, elements and connotation of the culture of innovation in agricultural research institutes, and points out that the culture of innovation consists of conceptual culture, institutional culture, behaviour culture, and park culture. Through analysing the characteristics of the culture of innovation in agricultural research institutes, it has the following characteristics: stability, openness, systematicness, selfawareness, uniqueness. According to the general la...

  7. GREEN BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT: A RESEARCH AGENDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Ghose

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a global consensus on the need to reduce our collective carbon footprint. While much research attention has focused on developing alternative energy sources, automotive technologies or waste disposal techniques, we often ignore the fact that the ability to optimize (existing operations to reduce their emissions impact is fundamental to this exercise. Business process management (BPM technology, with its focus on understanding, modelling and improving/optimizing business processes, is a key starting point. Process modelling technology has applications beyond what we would traditionally describe as business processes - we can also model and improve manufacturing and other "physical" processes. This paper describes the contours of the emerging research landscape in green business process management and presents some early results in this area.

  8. Breaking the Paradox of Innovation in Small Businesses through Sustaining and Disruptive Reinvention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicki Baard

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available In 2005 Deloitte Research released a paper examining the phenomenon they refer to asthe ‘innovation paradox’: the inability or reluctance of manufacturing firms to pursuestrategies that build the operational capabilities necessary for innovation that willprovide both profitability and growth. The report claims that this is due to the rapidlyincreasing complexity of global markets and the lack of synchronising innovation effortsacross their value chain, thus positioning the problem as an important contemporaryissue. While the research did not specifically target small and medium enterprises, theimplications for this business sector are considerable given their substantial contributionto global economies and their high failure rates in the first three to five years ofoperation. While not questioning the data in the Deloitte research, this paper doesquestion the assumption that the phenomenon is irreversible and the apparentunderlying self-fulfilling prophecy with respect to small to medium enterprises. Todemonstrate this the authors draw on a case study of a small manufacturing company inrural New South Wales, Australia, which operated between 1889 and 1983, to show thatthe breaking of the innovation paradox was successfully achieved by this firm in the latenineteenth and early twentieth century. Applying the case study to the Deloitte modelthe study demonstrates contemporary similarities by overlaying the Laycock history onthe successes / failures identified by Deloitte.

  9. The Norwegian research and innovation system - statistics and indicators 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the fourth report in a series from the Research Council of Norway. The report shows the extent of the resource use in research and development and innovation and presents results of these activities. As a basis the R and D and the innovation statistics for 2001 are used as well as other statistics and analyses. The report contains time series and international comparisons. The aim of the report is to present a collective survey of the state and development of the activities in Norway within research, innovation, science and technology. This includes data regarding costs and financing of the R and D work, human resources, cooperation relations and results from the R and D and innovation activities, publishing and quotations, patenting and trade balances included. The report opens with a research political article about research as basis for new business. Furthermore several ''focusboxes'' are included that indicate the development of science and technology indicators within various themes. In the report for 2003 the EU central indicator pairs for reference testing are included for the first time and a survey is made of public investigations, white papers and parliamentary proposals within research, higher education and innovation. For the second time a short English version is included

  10. Web Genres in Intercultural Business Language Research

    OpenAIRE

    Schröder, Tilman

    2012-01-01

    Genre studies on intercultural aspects of business languages traditionally focus on established genres, such as print advertisements or annual reports. Despite the growing importance of Web-based business communication, only a few publications have engaged in contrastive Web genre analysis. This article develops a methodology for carrying out cross-cultural research on Web genres by giving ideas for designing a corpus and for choosing parameters of analysis. It also discusses the potential be...

  11. GREEN BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT: A RESEARCH AGENDA

    OpenAIRE

    Aditya Ghose; Konstantin Hoesch-Klohe; Lothar Hinsche; Lam-Son Le

    2010-01-01

    There is a global consensus on the need to reduce our collective carbon footprint. While much research attention has focused on developing alternative energy sources, automotive technologies or waste disposal techniques, we often ignore the fact that the ability to optimize (existing) operations to reduce their emissions impact is fundamental to this exercise. Business process management (BPM) technology, with its focus on understanding, modelling and improving/optimizing business processes, ...

  12. 高职电商专业创新创业教育评价指标体系研究%Research on Evaluation Index System of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education for Higher Vocational E-business Specialty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林锋

    2014-01-01

    高职院校创新创业教育作为一项新事物,没有固定模式可循,要确保其不偏离主航道,需倚重于对教育过程的评价。本文结合我院实际,就高职院校电商专业创新创业教育评价指标体系的构建思路、结构模型、权重设置进行了阐述,并提出了一种基于模糊数学理论的模糊综合评价方法。%As a new concept of education,the innovation and entrepreneurship education has no fixed pattern for reference in higher vocational colleges,so it will need to rely on the evaluation of educational process in order to ensure the correct direction of innovation and entrepreneurship education.Combining the practical experience of the innovation and entrepreneurship education in my college for recenetly years,the paper depicts construction thoughts,structure model and setting method of index weight about the evaluation index system of innovation and entrepreneurship education for e-business specialty of higher vocational colleges,and puts forward a fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method based on fuzzy mathematics theory.

  13. Research on Evaluation Index System of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education for Higher Vocational E-business Specialty%高职电商专业创新创业教育评价指标体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林锋

    2014-01-01

    高职院校创新创业教育作为一项新事物,没有固定模式可循,要确保其不偏离主航道,需倚重于对教育过程的评价。本文结合我院实际,就高职院校电商专业创新创业教育评价指标体系的构建思路、结构模型、权重设置进行了阐述,并提出了一种基于模糊数学理论的模糊综合评价方法。%As a new concept of education,the innovation and entrepreneurship education has no fixed pattern for reference in higher vocational colleges,so it will need to rely on the evaluation of educational process in order to ensure the correct direction of innovation and entrepreneurship education.Combining the practical experience of the innovation and entrepreneurship education in my college for recenetly years,the paper depicts construction thoughts,structure model and setting method of index weight about the evaluation index system of innovation and entrepreneurship education for e-business specialty of higher vocational colleges,and puts forward a fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method based on fuzzy mathematics theory.

  14. 解决中小企业自主创新困境的RJVs投资模式研究%The Research on Investment Mode for Small Business to Extricate Themselves from the Dilemma of Independent Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武博; 秦文婷; 王怡; 王丽

    2009-01-01

    改革开放的实践表明,市场换不来核心技术,而企业没有核心技术无法持续发展,中小企业要想达到设定的发展目标,必须拥有自己的核心技术,自主创新是中小企业可持续发展的必然选择.针对中小企业目前面临缺乏自主知识产权的技术和产品、资源短缺、社会信誉和认可度低等问题,提出中小企业自主创新联合体(Research Joint Ventures,简称RJVs)的新概念,运用期权理论探讨利益与激励机制效用,广泛吸纳来自政府和市场的资源,根据企业发展的需要,设立不同组织形式的联合体(RJVs),在R&D阶段共同投资、共同研发、共享成果、共同发展,在产品生产和市场开发阶段进行竞争的一种研发投资形式.%The practice of the reformation indicates that market cannot give you the kernel technology;moreover,the enterprises can't get their durative development without kernel technology,if the small business enterprises want to arrive their goal,they should get their own technology,so innovation is their only choice.In the following article,we focus on the enterprises' lacking of the knowledge property rights,resources,social credit and lower consideration,so that Ⅰ put forward the definition of Research Joint Ventures.The definition based on the time theory and the effect of inspiration,the RJVs can receive the resources from the market and government according to the different demands of enterprises,so that they can set up different kinds of RJVs.In the RJVs,enterprises can invest together,research together,share their production,develop together in the R&D period;what's more,they compete in the production and marketing period.

  15. Conducting Ethical Business Education Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaszczynski, Carol

    1998-01-01

    Defines ethical research and associated terms: codes of ethics, informed consent, privacy, confidentiality, and data treatment. Addresses issues in the dissemination of research results, such as plagiarism and authorship. (SK)

  16. Business Model Innovation to Create and Capture Resource Value in Future Circular Material Chains

    OpenAIRE

    Göran Roos

    2014-01-01

    This article briefly discusses the origins and development of the business model concept resulting in a high level definition. Against this backdrop, frameworks from the literature around green business models with examples of green business models and the business model innovation process are presented. The article then discusses the origins and meaning of different "green" concepts relevant for the circular value chain concluding with a high level definition. The article finally outl...

  17. e-Learning Business Research Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowie, Jonathan

    2004-01-01

    This paper outlines the development of a generic Business Research Methods course from a simple name in a box to a full e-Learning web based module. It highlights particular issues surrounding the nature of the discipline and the integration of a large number of cross faculty subject specific research methods courses into a single generic module.…

  18. Toward a Process Framework of Business Model Innovation in the Global Context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cao, Yangfeng; Li, Peter Ping; Skat-Rørdam, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Primarily due to the large gaps in economic and institutional contexts between the developed and emerging economies, effective business models in the two distinctive contexts tend to differ. In particular, the business model innovation (BMI) at the subsidiary level plays an important role...... enable BMI at the subsidiary level, especially for medium-sized MNE. Adopting the method of comparative and longitudinal case study, we tracked the BMI processes of six Danish medium-sized MNE operating in China. The emergent framework indicates that entrepreneurial aspiration and flexibility at the HQ...... in a feedback loop. Hence, we contribute to the literatures of BMI and dynamic capability by enriching both research streams, especially the critical link between BMI and dynamic capability in the context of international strategic entrepreneurship....

  19. INNOVATIVE BUSINESS MODELS A FACTOR FOR COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE OF THE COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    Aleksandra Stoilkovska; Natasha Ristovska; Sashko Gramatnikovski

    2015-01-01

    In contemporary dynamic conditions of functioning of the companies, innovativeness is a key characteristic which can enable a competitive advantage for them. Innovations mean development of new products or services, new technologies and processes, new markets, new innovative business models by supplying incremental innovations, new or different benefits from the application of the existing assortment of products and services, i.e. creating an offer of values for the consumers in a...

  20. Empirical study on ICT use and business strategy for innovation among Japanese SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Idota, Hiroki; Bunno, Teruyuki; TSUJI, Masatsugu

    2012-01-01

    ICT is expected to play an important role for innovations in Japanese SMEs. In this paper, how ICT use promotes innovation is clarified. In addition, what kind of business strategy SMEs should follow is attempted to achieve innovation by focusing on the behavior of the top management as well as employees. A mail survey was conducted in February 2012 to innovative SMEs. An ICT advancement index is constructed based on the sales management system, groupware, internal SNS and SCM. Logistic regre...

  1. Mechanisms for the Creation of Innovation in Contemporary Business and Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Slawomir Czarniewski

    2015-01-01

    Innovation differentiates the company from the competition, attracts new customers and generates revenue. The struggle for customers requires constant innovation, the result of which must be the creation of new value for customers. Innovation which provides new value for customers manifests itself in the form of new products, technologies, ideas and systems, reflected in satisfaction and customer loyalty. Innovation is considered a basis of business development, competition and growth. As a r...

  2. Innovation, Product Development, and New Business Models in Networks: How to come from case studies to a valid and operational theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Erik Stavnsager; Jørgensen, Jacob Høj; Goduscheit, René Chester;

    2007-01-01

    We have in the research project NEWGIBM (New Global ICT based Business Models) during 2005 and 2006 closely cooperated with a group of firms. The focus in the project has been development of new business models (and innovation) in close cooperation with multiple partners. These partners have been...

  3. Research on the Culture of Innovation in Agricultural Research Institutes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper depicts the definition,elements and connotation of the culture of innovation in agricultural research institutes,and points out that the culture of innovation consists of conceptual culture,institutional culture,behaviour culture,and park culture.Through analysing the characteristics of the culture of innovation in agricultural research institutes,it has the following characteristics:stability,openness,systematicness,self-awareness,uniqueness.According to the general law of cultural development,we divide the development of the culture of innovation into cultural diagnosis of institutes,publicity and guidance,content building of the culture of innovation,solidifying and deepening of the culture of innovation,and points out the building path of the culture of innovation in agricultural research institutes.Finally this paper proposes the countermeasures and suggestions as follows:the building of the culture of innovation in agricultural research institutes should be combined with long-term development strategy;the building of the culture of innovation in agricultural research institutes should be combined with service and technology innovation;the building of the culture of innovation in agricultural research institutes should be combined with implementation of various kinds of specific work.

  4. INTEGRATING BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE IN STATE ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURES FOR STIMULATING INNOVATIVE CLUSTERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana COMSULEA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Business intelligence and knowledge management seems to gain the attention of the society regarding the benefits that brings to it when this two domains are considered as a whole. The advantage of using business intelligence in order to take decisions and bring innovation to the business, are convincing more and more entrepreneurs to implement this solution. The challenge in managing and using the knowledge that the business intelligence offers to the business, comes with the integration of the information with state administrative structures datas that have to be available to business clusters in order to improve their decisional process. In our paper, we demonstrate the benefits of using business intelligence in Romanian state administrative structures underlying the way that this adoption would support the activity of innovative and creative clusters.

  5. Surgical innovation as sui generis surgical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotz, Mianna

    2013-12-01

    Successful innovative 'leaps' in surgical technique have the potential to contribute exponentially to surgical advancement, and thereby to improved health outcomes for patients. Such innovative leaps often occur relatively spontaneously, without substantial forethought, planning, or preparation. This feature of surgical innovation raises special challenges for ensuring sufficient evaluation and regulatory oversight of new interventions that have not been the subject of controlled investigatory exploration and review. It is this feature in particular that makes early-stage surgical innovation especially resistant to classification as 'research', with all of the attendant methodological and ethical obligations--of planning, regulation, monitoring, reporting, and publication--associated with such a classification. This paper proposes conceptual and ethical grounds for a restricted definition according to which innovation in surgical technique is classified as a form of sui generis surgical 'research', where the explicit goal of adopting such a definition is to bring about needed improvements in knowledge transfer and thereby benefit current and future patients.

  6. Innovation Impact: Breakthrough Research Results (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2013-07-01

    The Innovation Impact brochure captures key breakthrough results across NREL's primary areas of renewable energy and energy efficiency research: solar, wind, bioenergy, transportation, buildings, analysis, and manufacturing technologies.

  7. Hotel innovation and its effect on business performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mattsson, Jan; Orfila-Sintes, Francina

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the dynamics of hotel innovation and its impact on hotel performance with a representative sample of the whole hotel sector operating in the Balearic Islands, Spain. The managers of sampled hotels (N = 331) answered questions about innovations over a 6-year period. On the basis...... of an earlier developed model of innovation types, we investigate the effect on performance of different types of innovation. We find that two combinations of innovation types impact hotel performance in a positive way, namely the combinations termed, Full and Service&Back-Office innovation. We therefore...... suggest that these combinations are used to create synergies for hotel performance....

  8. Company strategy: Business model reconfiguration for innovation and internationalization

    OpenAIRE

    Casadesus-Massanell, Ramon; Ricart, Joan E.

    2009-01-01

    The competitiveness of a country is the result of the competitiveness of its firms. The competitiveness of firms is partly determined by how their business models interact with the environment to produce offerings with added value. This chapter contributes to the reflection on Catalonia's competitiveness by using the business model concept to highlight the need to adapt business models to new realities in the Catalan environment. Catalan firms have made little effort to reconfigure their busi...

  9. Innovating a business model for services with storytelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Morten

    2012-01-01

    . This paper will propose to describe a business model by means of storytelling. In addition the paper will introduce the concept of archetypes of business models with the aim to seek a pat- tern in the light of the numerous business models available. Two cases will illustrate and dis- cuss storytelling...

  10. Transition Thinking and Business Model Innovation Towards a Transformative Business Model and New Role for the Reuse Centers of Limburg, Belgium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leen Gorissen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The current dynamics of change, including climate change, resource depletion, energy transition, internet of things, etc. will have substantial impacts on the functioning of contemporary business models. Most firms and companies, however, still largely focus on efficiency strategies leading to sub-optimal solutions (reducing bad impact, rather than radically changing their business model to develop new transaction models more appropriate for today’s world (doing better things. However, persistent sustainability issues arising from our changing societal systems, require more radical and structural changes both within and between organizations to change the way we do business. There is limited empirically established research literature on how businesses can be more proactive in this regard and how they can move beyond “management of unsustainability”. In this paper, we present a transformative business model innovation approach inspired by transition theory combining elements of systems thinking, value-inspired envisioning, reflexive design and co-creation that was pioneered for a consortia of reuse centers in the province of Limburg, Belgium. We demonstrate that this approach contributed to the development of new business model concepts, was conducive for mobilizing support and resources to ensure follow up activity and holds potential to promote a more proactive role for businesses as agents of transformative change.

  11. Productivity, innovation and research at the business level. An empirical analysis of the Spanish manufacturing sector; Productividad, innovacion e investigacion a nivel de empresa. Un analisis empirico del sector manufacturero espanol

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muinelo Gallo, L.

    2012-07-01

    This paper analyses the relationship between productivity, innovation and research at firm level using an extension of the structural model of Crepon, Duguet and Mairesse (1998). The study is performed for Spanish firms of manufacturing sector, by using information from the ''Encuesta sobre innovacion tecnologica en las empresas 2000 and 2004''. The empirical results suggest that the public fund, the size of the firms and the participation in the international markets plays an important role in the decisions to realize internal research activities. In addition, the firms that realize a major effort in research it is more probable that they are innovative of product and/or of process. Finally, the estimations also emphasize that increases in productivity are positively correlated with the introduction of new products and/or processes and the intensity of the physical capital. (Author)

  12. The research of enterprise innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Small and medium-sized enterprises are power based which can promote the development of national economy, construction market economic system, promote social stability.Especially at the moment, in ensure moderate growth of the national economy, relieve employment pressure, realize rejuvenating the country through science and education, optimize economic structure, the small and medium-sized enterprises are playing more and more important role. The lack of innovative capacity of SMEs in China, has seriously af- fected the development of SMEs.

  13. 湖南省农业担保公司业务包容性增长模式创新研究%Research on Business Inclusive Growth Pattern Innovation of Agriculture Guarantee Company in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴侃; 黄小勇; 郭惠平

    2011-01-01

    论文通过分析湖南农业担保公司的现状和存在的问题,从而提出了创新业务发展模式的需要,并且在此基础上提出了湖南农业担保业务包容性增长模式.通过结合案例重点介绍了产业链融资担保模式和集合中小项目打包担保融资模式,并提出了湖南省做强做大农业担保的相关措施.%Based on the analysis of the status quo and problems existing in agriculture guarantee company in Hunan, the paper puts forward the requirement for innovating business development mode, and proposes the Hunan agriculture guarantee business inclusive growth mode. Combining with cases, the thesis introduces the industry chain financing guarantee mode and small and medium-sized project packing guarantee financing mode, and puts forward the measures on developing agriculture guarantee in Hunan.

  14. Determinants of the Use of Technological Innovation in Distance Learning: A Study with Business School Instructors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo Leal, Edvalda; Luiz Albertin, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    This study's overall purpose is to identify the factors determining the use of technological innovation in Distance Learning (DL), as perceived by instructors of Business Education programs. The theoretical basis for the study is the Innovation Diffusion Theory (IDT). The study's sample is made up of 436 instructors; we used a quantitative…

  15. Supply Chain Finance in China: Business Innovation and Theory Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohong Liu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Supply chain finance (SCF is concerned with the capital flows within a supply chain, an area often neglected in past decades, while SCF does have an impact on a firm’s capability to adopt sustainable supply chain management (SCM practices. The aim of this study is to explore new insight from a growing body of research which is investigating SCF issues in China, an evolving transition economy. A content analysis on a review of 151 Chinese-written SCF papers from 2004–2014, based on a sample of 45 leading Chinese journals (Chinese Social Science Citation Index, CSSCI was conducted from three perspectives: topical coverage, theoretical application and methodological inquiry. The study reveals that the research stream of SCF in China has emerged and evolved to a considerable extent. However, the SCF phenomenon in China is not exactly the same as “SCF” as it is perceived in the mature economy, which is articulated in mainstream SCM English literature. The Chinese business context in which SCF has been implemented has played a dominant role in initiating, affecting and even shaping SCF. This study represents the first endeavor in the field of SCM. It diffuses the Chinese-written SCF research in mainstream SCM English literature.

  16. A South African Perspective on Entrepreneurship and Business Creation, and its Links to Research Exploitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comins, N. R.

    Transition from the Industrial to the Information Age is creating a paradigm shift for business, education, and research and development. The entrenched culture of corporate R&D groups in developed countries is increasingly complemented by innovative and nimble small and medium high-tech enterprises, dramatically changing many economies. Entrepreneurial trends amongst research students, able to exploit modern information technology for networking, collaboration and business, are increasing. South Africa has emerged into this global economy without these trends being well established. This paper will describe and contrast developments and detail initiatives such as The Innovation Hub.

  17. Combining open innovation, supplier development, and business relationships: A study of Statoil s LOOP programme

    OpenAIRE

    Helness, Nina Enoksen

    2011-01-01

    This thesis investigates Statoil’s LOOP programme in light of three bodies of literature: open innovation, supplier development, and business relationships. In an open innovation model, companies allow valuable ideas to come from inside or outside the firm. In addition, ideas are permitted to reach the market from inside or outside the company as well. Open innovation is divided into three main categories, depending on whether the company exports internal ideas (inside-out process), impo...

  18. How Firms Can Get Ideas from Users for Sustainable Business Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Chanwoo Cho; Sungjoo Lee

    2015-01-01

    The importance of user information and user participation for seeking business opportunities has been widely acknowledged in a variety of industries. Therefore, this study aims to suggest a typology for user innovation models as a strategy for sustainable development and to investigate the characteristics of different types user innovation to encourage and support improved utilization of user innovation in firms. For this purpose, we began by collecting 435 relevant papers from the most-cited...

  19. Innovation and Evolution of Business Relations and Networks: Theory and Method

    OpenAIRE

    Wilkinson, Ian; Young, Louise

    2012-01-01

    We introduce a complex systems perspective on innovation in networks in which innovation is conceptualized as a form of creative act associated with the dynamics and evolution of business network. We show how innovation is a form of creative act that involves the creation of new ideas and their exploitation, in which new ideas come from combining and recombining existing ideas in new ways that have value. We stress the need to move away from traditional linear, comparative static variables ba...

  20. Strengthening Industrial Ecology’s Links with Business Studies: Insights and Potential Contributions from the Innovation and Business Models Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samantha Sharpe

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The declining availability of natural resources and the environmental impacts of continued extraction of primary resources for production activities have forced greater focus on waste streams and recycling activities. Industrial ecology as a field of practice and theory has been closely related to sustainability issues, yet despite the development of much theory and specific tools and methodologies, the link between natural, industrial and economic systems is not convincing. Not only that, the need for delivering sustainable production and consumption practices is increasing, which is demanding new solutions to existing problems, particularly around the degree of novelty. The interaction of industrial ecology with business studies and industrial investment decision-making remains under-developed, and this is likely impacting on the adoption of more sustainable and resource-efficient practices. As such, this paper uses a constructive approach and explores how two areas of the literature can support the development of the industrial ecology field into strategic business practice: firstly, the innovation literature, particularly the emerging work on open innovation and sustainable innovation as a model to understand radical innovation processes and the creation and maintenance of networked systems of firms; secondly, the closely related area of business model (BM innovation, specifically the emerging typologies of sustainable BMs and how these typologies can be developed and used as a route to positioning recycling activities at the strategic management level of the firm.

  1. DEVELOPMENT OF FINANCIAL INNOVATION BASED ON OPTIMIZING BUSINESS PROCESSES AND CREDIT INSTITUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodin D. Y.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the authors have put the issue of development banking innovation through business process re-engineering in commercial bank. Application of the methodological approaches to the study of sustainable development of banking activity extends the boundaries of banking innovations. On the basis of business process reengineering, the strategic assets and liabilities management were proposed and we tested their optimal structure. Increase of sales of innovative field of credit, deposit and stock products with high customer value for clients leads to increasing economic value of added price of the banking Institute

  2. Business Model Innovation in Incumbent Organizations: Challenges and Success Routes

    OpenAIRE

    Salama, Ahmad; Parvez, Khawar

    2015-01-01

    In this thesis major challenges of creating business models at incumbents within mature industries are identified along with a mitigation plan. Pressure is upon incumbent organizations in order to keep up with the latest rapid technological advancements, the launching of startups that almost cover every field of business and the continuous change in customers’ tastes and needs. That along with various factors either forced organizations to continually reevaluate their current business models ...

  3. Discontinuities in business model innovation of the Danish newspaper industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Anna B.

    Within this study, I have analysed emerging business models in the newspaper industry at large, including the role ongoing technological developments play (from paper-based towards digital platforms), and the key activities, which the newspapers undertake in redefining their core business model....... More specifically, I discuss how changes introduced during the on-going development of new content delivery channels have affected the traditional business model based on one delivery channel, i.e. printed newspaper....

  4. Addressing Responsible Research and Innovation to Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yaghmaei, Emad

    2015-01-01

    models of corporate social responsibility (CSR) literature. Drawing on these models, this study develops stages and dimensions of RRI for discussing why industry should become engaged in RRI, how industry can embed RRI principles into research and innovation processes, how companies progress from one RRI......Responsible research and innovation (RRI) is taking a role to assist all types of stakeholders including industry to move research and innovation initiatives to responsible manner for tackling grand challenges. The literature on RRI focuses little on how industry can implement RRI principles....... In solving such gap in the literature, this article constructs a solid framework that provides a conceptual starting point for future research on levels of RRI. It draws a fundamental path to align industrial activities with environmental and societal needs. The framework develops a normatively grounded...

  5. EXISTENCE OF INNOVATIVE RISK OF A BUSINESS ENTITY

    OpenAIRE

    Prokopeva Anna Vladimirovna

    2012-01-01

    The problems of risk management in innovation have now become urgent, and their significance is very high. Of particular interest are the conditions and the effectiveness of the choice of a risk classification at different stages of the life cycle of innovation, methods of managing risks, and risk management strategy in the innovation. In fact, today there is no general classification of risks, there is no reasonable start managing risks, and therefore not fully understood, and factors of ris...

  6. Overcoming resistance to change in business innovation processes

    OpenAIRE

    Jose Vicente Berna-Martinez; Francisco Macia-Perez

    2012-01-01

    This paper summarizes the experience gained in dealing with resistance to change appeared in the companies when they develop innovative processes related to the adoption of new technologies, tools, equipment, infrastructure and methodologies. Technological innovation is rapidly absorbed by society on a personal level. But at the enterprise level, resistance to innovation can occur at any hierarchical level of the company and may appear with different intensity. Depending on the type of enterp...

  7. Research of business problematics in turism

    OpenAIRE

    Čedíková, Veronika

    2011-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with the evaluation of the current situation in the tourism, especially issues related to business in travelling and tourism. The bachelor thesis is divided into three sections, the first part, the literary research, describes the development of tourism in the Czech Republic, defines the major tourism subjects and their classification. It explains basic concepts, definitions, forms and types of tourism in general. It also defines the main tourism products, their ...

  8. Are Men More Innovative and Aggressive in Business? Case Study from the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartoš Přemysl

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available SMEs make a major contribution to the growth and employment in the EU. In today’s fierce competition in the market economic activities the SMEs had gradually developed into a major force for national economic and social development in every country of world. The aim of this article is to examine the approach to innovativeness and competitive aggressiveness between males and females in the segment of small and medium-sized enterprises. Based on the results of the questionnaire which was conducted in May 2015 in the Czech Republic we tried to test four hypotheses on the relationship between the gender of entrepreneurs of SMEs and their attitude to innovativeness and competitive aggressiveness. The results of our research have pointed out some differences between genders. Men-entrepreneurs who do business in the segment of SMEs in the Czech Republic are slightly more innovative and are significantly more aggressive in regard to competitors than women, as they apply aggressive approach and their companies are perceived as aggressive.

  9. Business Education Research: Identification and Prioritization of Topics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rader, Martha H.; Wilhelm, William J.

    2002-01-01

    Using an affinity diagram, business educators generated 110 research topics. In a two-round modified Delphi, 15 business educators aggregated, categorized, and rank ordered the topics. Topics related to workplace soft skills, business communication, technology, and distance learning ranked highest. Topics related to traditional business education…

  10. Identifying innovative suppliers in business networks : An empirical study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pulles, Niels J.; Veldman, Jasper; Schiele, Holger

    2014-01-01

    In the literature, considerable attention has been given to the role of supplying firms in the context of innovation. However, not every supplier is capable of contributing to a buyer's innovation performance. In addition, the willingness and commitment of suppliers to collaborate with buyers is not

  11. CROWDSOURCING BUSINESS MODEL INNOVATION USING SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS

    OpenAIRE

    Baker, D

    2013-01-01

    Innovations always have been a destiny of intellectuals engineers, scientists, visionary entrepreneurs. Current development of IT, transfer from the material resources economics to the knowledge one, from authoritarian management to a participative one, gave way to open innovations, crowd sourcing, collective thinking in management. Promising and significant technology for realization of those tendencies is Ackoff's Idealized Design.

  12. Managerial Innovations and Adaptation to the Business Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GeBaoshan; YaoMeifang; ZhaoBaohua; DavidKelly

    2004-01-01

    Institutional innovations are more important than technical ones and functional innovations than methodological ones. What kind of managerial system is qualified to adapt itself to today's ever-changing environment for its performance? Following the principle of keeping up with the era's advancing pace,

  13. Responsible Research and Innovation: responding to the new research agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Pearce, Warren; Hartley, Sarah; Taylor, Alasdair

    2014-01-01

    Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is concerned with the nature and trajectory of research and innovation: what it can do for society and who gets to decide. RRI has been embedded in key funding institutions such as EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council), and the EU’s Horizon 2020 programme and in major funding calls from other organisations. As RRI has emerged, it has been addressed in an ad hoc manner by individual projects within The University of Nottingham,...

  14. Open Innovation research: trends and influences – a bibliometric analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Antonio Bob

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, a bibliometric analysis about open innovation research is developed, covering the period of 2003-2013 (using the Scopus database) and carried out in three steps: 1) characterization of the research on the main trends of open innovation; 2) analysis of the theoretical influence on the open innovation research; 3) analysis of the influence of open innovation literature on other research areas and disciplines. The main conclusions are: open innovation research is mostly focused on...

  15. Open innovation and organizational innovation: organizational innovation as leverage for open innovation practices and the effect of open and organizational innovation practices on business performance

    OpenAIRE

    Anzola Román, Paula

    2013-01-01

    Open innovation is currently one of the hottest topics in innovation management, in particular since in 2003 it was conceptualized as “the use of purposive inflows and outflows of knowledge to accelerate internal innovation and to expand the markets for external use of innovation, respectively” (Chesbrough et al., 2006). This concept is based on the idea that the search for innovations is carried out with the participation of external actors (Enkel et al., 2009). However, th...

  16. Proposed Social Spending Innovation Research (SSIR) Program: Harnessing American Entrepreneurial Talent to Solve Major U.S. Social Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The Social Spending Innovation Research (SSIR) proposal seeks to replicate, in social spending, the great success of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program in technology development. The SBIR program funds technology development by entrepreneurial small companies. The program has spawned breakthrough technologies in diverse areas…

  17. Innovative Actions within the Business Models of European Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Georgeta Ilie

    2014-01-01

    Companies regularly reassess and reorganize their business models in order to create value and generate growth. They also reassess the price-performance correlation and new levels of capital efficiency. The new business models are frequently needed to provide goods at affordable prices through the adaptation of packaging strategies, pricing strategies, the product itself, and by helping to sustain financially the demand. In the context of current financial and economic difficulties, it reveal...

  18. ICT STRATEGY SUPPORT FOR BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION

    OpenAIRE

    Gudanescu, Nicoleta; Adrian NICOLAU; Daniela MITRAN

    2010-01-01

    This paper work emphasizes the importance of the strategic management for the present companies, no matter the dimension or the field. More important becomes thou, the implementation and utilization of systems that represents support for business processes and information flows because of focus on co-operation and networking activities of today’s companies. The models created for running businesses are creative but in some cases these are not paying attention to the ICT point of view. There i...

  19. Creativity, creations and innovations in the management of small and medium-sized business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usheva M.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Creativity is a process of development and expression of new ideas interwoven in the company mission and vision to lead not only to financial success but also to real loyalty and involvement of the employees with the company problems and achievements. The main objective of this paper is through the research among contemporary managers and entrepreneurs, representatives of small and medium-sized business in the region of Blagoevgrad to prove that creativity skills are deployed in each person, to identify the specific characteristics of the creative thinking of the manager and the tools that stimulate them to increase competitiveness in the context of the sustainable development of the small and medium business in international and domestic tourism market. The main result to be achieved is evidence that when there is adequate (positive self-evaluation, intrinsic motivation or chiefly necessity of creativity manifestation, emotivity in the sense of creative enthusiasm, personal professional effectiveness and appropriate situational factors, the modern manager is able to model conditions for the manifestation of creativity (creative self-expression, both in themselves and in their subordinates. This in turn leads to increased competitiveness and intensive implementation of innovations in the company management and operation. The main research methods used in the study are literature review on the subject, survey, analysis of processes, intuitive and systematic approach, systematic observation, data classification and interpretation.

  20. Network Business Environment for Open Innovation in SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Ţoniş BuceaManea, Rocsana; Catană, Mădălin Gabriel; Tonoiu, Sergiu

    2014-01-01

    The SMEs represent an important factor of growth in both developed and developing countries, into which, however, they face different obstacles in the process of innovation. This paper analyses how open communication and collaboration can help SMEs in their struggle for sustainable innovation and profitable market competition. Based on a literature review, a number of obstacles that SMEs have to overcome in their current activity and possible support to be competitive are revealed. The main b...

  1. The Importance of Classification to Business Model Research

    OpenAIRE

    Susan Lambert

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To bring to the fore the scientific significance of classification and its role in business model theory building. To propose a method by which existing classifications of business models can be analyzed and new ones developed. Design/Methodology/Approach: A review of the scholarly literature relevant to classifications of business models is presented along with a brief overview of classification theory applicable to business model research. Existing business model classification...

  2. Research, Education and Innovation Bundling Forces towards a Sustainable European Energy Future

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2013-01-01

    New technologies and applied innovation in the field of sustainable energy are needed in order to achieve a competitive and climate neutral Europe. As one of the first three Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KIC) of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT), KIC InnoEnergy invests in innovation projects and new educational programmes and provides business creation service with the purpose of delivering the disruptive technologies and innovations that Europe requires to meet this ambitious goal. Its stakeholders are top European players in the industry, research institutes, universities and business schools. Six regionally bundled European hubs – Barcelona/Lisbon, Grenoble, Eindhoven, Karlsruhe, Stockholm and Krakow - lead one thematic field each in sustainable energy. The thematic fields addressed range from Intelligent “Energy-efficient Residential Buildings and Cities” over “Energy from Chemical Fuels”, “Renewable Energies”, “Clean Coal Technologies” to “European Smar...

  3. Business Model Innovation to Create and Capture Resource Value in Future Circular Material Chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Göran Roos

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article briefly discusses the origins and development of the business model concept resulting in a high level definition. Against this backdrop, frameworks from the literature around green business models with examples of green business models and the business model innovation process are presented. The article then discusses the origins and meaning of different "green" concepts relevant for the circular value chain concluding with a high level definition. The article finally outline the process by which a business model for a circular value chain can be developed taking into account the social dilemma that exist in these type of situations. The article concludes with the specific questions that need to be answered in order to create an appropriate business model for a circular value chain.

  4. Research on demand-oriented Business English learning method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Yuan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Business English is integrated with visual-audio-oral English, which focuses on the application for English listening and speaking skills in common business occasions, and acquire business knowledge and improve skills through English. This paper analyzes the Business English Visual-audio-oral Course, and learning situation of higher vocational students’ learning objectives, interests, vocabulary, listening and speaking, and focuses on the research of effective methods to guide the higher vocational students to learn Business English Visual-audio-oral Course, master Business English knowledge, and improve communicative competence of Business English.

  5. Stokes Research Inc., dedication to innovation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stokes, J. [Stokes Research Inc., Regina, SK (Canada)

    2009-07-01

    Stokes Research Inc. provides national and international consulting services in innovation and commercialization projects, including sustainable energy demonstration initiatives and feasibility studies. This presentation reported on the company's initiatives to build government relations and social economy projects that involve First Nations and Metis community-based organization projects. The company promotes workshop facilitation and conference management. fig.

  6. How to Settle the Tussle between Business Model Innovation Approaches : Exploring the Automotive industry using a dual case study of Fiat and Tata Motors

    OpenAIRE

    Shariff, Arifulla; Elsalhy, Mennatullah

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the drivers and forms of business model innovation. It is built on the business model innovation typology proposed by Koen et al. (2011), we have developed its dimensions into Hurdle rate, technology, partners value network and customer value network. The study used these dimensions as a base to differentiate between the two approaches of the business model innovation which were identified as innovating the existing business model approach and multiple business model a...

  7. Practical Uses of Statistical Power in Business Research Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markowski, Edward P.; Markowski, Carol A.

    1999-01-01

    Proposes the use of statistical power subsequent to the results of hypothesis testing in business research. Describes how posttest use of power might be integrated into business statistics courses. (SK)

  8. Management of innovation and product development integrating business and technological perspectives

    CERN Document Server

    Cantamessa, Marco

    2016-01-01

    Presenting an integrated and holistic perspective on innovation management, and product design and development, this monograph offers a unique and original understanding of how these two perspectives are interconnected. This book explores these themes in a scientifically rigorous manner, associating academic findings with examples from business. It provides readers with the conceptual and decision-making tools required to understand and manage the process of innovation at different levels, from the analysis of industry-wide phenomena to the formulation of a strategy, and from the planning of operations to the management of technical choices. Chapters cover innovation as an economic and social phenomenon, the formulation of innovation strategy, the management of product development processes and projects, and the technical design of products and services. Offering an invaluable resource to postgraduate students in economics, business and engineering, this book is also intended for managers and entrepreneurs.

  9. Market research on luxury e-business in China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Xin

    2012-01-01

    The thesis aims to gain an understanding of situation of luxury goods e-market in China. Meanwhile, based on commissioner's research objective, the scope of this study is particularly focus on advantage and disadvantage of luxury e-business in China, then try to scheme out an effective business model when building a luxury e-business in China. The research methods used in this thesis are desktop research and observation research. The author collected relevant data from research papers and...

  10. Why a Train Set Helps Participants Co-Construct Meaning in Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beuthel, Maria Rosa; Buur, Jacob

    In this position paper we show how participants in an innovation workshop employ tangible material – a toy train set – to co-construct understandings of a new business model. In multidisciplinary teams the process of developing new terms and concepts together is crucial for work to progress. Every...... to understand how they construct a concept. We observe that the final result of the workshop is indeed innovative and is co-constructed by all group members. We discuss why the toy train works: It keeps both hands and mind busy, it allows silent participation, and it expands the vocabulary of the discussion....

  11. From spare change to real change. The social sector as beta site for business innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanter, R M

    1999-01-01

    Corporations are continually looking for new sources of innovation. Today several leading companies are beginning to find inspiration in an unexpected place: the social sector. That includes public schools, welfare-to-work programs, and the inner city. Indeed, a new paradigm for innovation is emerging: a partnership between private enterprise and public interest that produces profitable and sustainable change for both sides. In this article, the author shows how some companies are moving beyond corporate social responsibility to corporate social innovation. Traditionally, companies viewed the social sector as a dumping ground for their spare cash, obsolete equipment, and tired executives. But that mind-set hardly created lasting change. Now companies are viewing community needs as opportunities to develop ideas and demonstrate business technologies; find and serve new markets; and solve long-standing business problems. They focus on inventing sophisticated solutions through a hands-on approach. This is not charity; it is R & D, a strategic business investment. The author concedes that it isn't easy to make the new paradigm work. But she has found that successful private-public partnerships share six characteristics: a clear business agenda, strong partners committed to change, investment by both parties, rootedness in the user community, links to other organizations, and a commitment to sustain and replicate the results. Drawing on examples of successful companies such as IBM and Bell Atlantic, the author illustrates how this paradigm has produced innovations that have both business and community payoffs. PMID:10387574

  12. Resources and innovation in family businesses : the Janus-face of family socioemotional preferences.

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, D.; Wright, M.; Le Breton-Miller, I.; Scholes, L.

    2015-01-01

    Family business socio-emotional preferences are often Janus-faced. Some strive to create a strong business they can pass on to offspring by building innovation-promoting resources such as human, relational, and financial capital. Other family firms cater to family desires for unqualified nepotism, altruism towards undeserving kin, and appropriation of firm assets to fulfill parochial desires that erode these resources. This article explores how such preferences, together with their impact on ...

  13. Japan's Patent System and Business Innovation: Reassessing Pro-patent Policies

    OpenAIRE

    Kazuyuki Motohashi

    2003-01-01

    TSince current Japanese patent law was enacted in 1959, it has been revised several times, mainly for the purpose of international harmonization. Recently the Japanese government stresses the importance of pro-patent policies, i.e., strengthening intellectual property right in order to stimulate business innovation and to regain international competitiveness. This paper assesses the impact of series of revisions of Japanese patent system on firm's innovation activities, by using statistical d...

  14. Individual Scholar Productivity Rankings in Business Ethics Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin J. Warnick

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The last two decades have been a time of significant development for the academic business ethics community. While a number of scholars have contributed to advances in the field, the work of the individuals who have contributed to its progress and growth through their business ethics research is still not comprehensively understood within the academic business ethics community. This study identifies those individuals who have made major contributions to the business ethics field by ranking authors who have published business ethics-related research in the following six journals over the past 20 years: the Journal of Business Ethics, the Academy of Management Review, the Academy of Management Journal, the Business Ethics Quarterly, the Administrative Science Quarterly; and Business & Society. The results of the study should be of interest to a number of constituencies as they provide the academic business ethics community with a better understanding of the history and evolution of the field and its development towards academic maturity.

  15. Research on Business Models in their Life Cycle

    OpenAIRE

    Adam Jabłoński; Marek Jabłoński

    2016-01-01

    The paper presents the results of theoretical discussions and research findings in the field of designing sustainable business models that support the creation of value at various stages of the business life cycle. The paper presents selected findings of extensive research into the business models of Polish companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange. Companies which are at various stages of development should build and adapt their business models in order to maintain the ability to create ...

  16. Innovative reference points in management of business competitiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.O. Zagornaja

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the article authors system of the analysis and the estimation of competitiveness of business subjects is presented. It is based on four elements: theory; law; principle; method. The model of competitive strategy is resulted, it is described with three components: growth rate, differentiation of the market and the product differentiation.

  17. Key business factors for eco-innovation: an overview of recent firm-level empirical studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Vence

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The increasing interest in eco-innovation or environmental innovation as a strategy not only to address the serious global environmental problems but also as a source of competitive advantages for companies and for the emergence of new business areas, leads us to try to identify the different factors that act as determinants of its development and adoption at the micro level. In this paper we integrate the findings from several recent empirical studies according to our own classification of factors derived from the variables used in those analyses. From a conventional perspective we referred to the structural characteristics of firms (size, sector, age, the business logic (cost savings, market expansion or to its technological competence (R&D, path dependencies, qualification of staff and management, cooperation and participation in networks, etc.. We added another category to refer to organizational or marketing innovations that reflect the existence of a certain environmental strategy within the company. In general, the findings show that factors influencing conventional innovation also work in relation to eco-innovation, in particular those related to cost savings and technological competence. Therefore, along with a stringent environmental regulation (justified because of the specific characteristics of eco-innovation specific supply and demand side instruments are convenient. Measures to disseminate environmental information amongst all stakeholders can also be very useful to promote environmentally friendly and economically viable products and processes, as well as forms of organization and new business.

  18. Genomics innovation: transforming healthcare, business, and the global economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo

    2015-12-01

    The genomics revolution has generated an unprecedented number of assets to propel innovation. Initial availability of genomics-based applications show a significant potential to contribute addressing global challenges, such as human health, food security, alternative sources of energies, and environmental sustainability. In the last years, most developed and emerging nations have established bioeconomy agendas where genomics plays a major role to meet their local needs. Genomic medicine is one of the most visible areas where genomics innovation is likely to contribute to a more individualized, predictive, and preventive medical practice. Examples in agriculture, dairy and beef, fishery, aquaculture, and forests industries include the effective selection of genetic variants associated to traits of economic value. Some, in addition to producing more and better foods, already represent an important increase in revenues to their respective industries. It is reasonable to predict that genomics applications will lead to a paradigm shift in our ability to ease significant health, economic, and social burdens. However, to successfully benefit from genomics innovations, it is imperative to address a number of hurdles related to generating robust scientific evidence, developing lower-cost sequencing technologies, effective bioinformatics, as well as sensitive ethical, economical, environmental, legal, and social aspects associated with the development and use of genomics innovations.

  19. Genomics innovation: transforming healthcare, business, and the global economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo

    2015-12-01

    The genomics revolution has generated an unprecedented number of assets to propel innovation. Initial availability of genomics-based applications show a significant potential to contribute addressing global challenges, such as human health, food security, alternative sources of energies, and environmental sustainability. In the last years, most developed and emerging nations have established bioeconomy agendas where genomics plays a major role to meet their local needs. Genomic medicine is one of the most visible areas where genomics innovation is likely to contribute to a more individualized, predictive, and preventive medical practice. Examples in agriculture, dairy and beef, fishery, aquaculture, and forests industries include the effective selection of genetic variants associated to traits of economic value. Some, in addition to producing more and better foods, already represent an important increase in revenues to their respective industries. It is reasonable to predict that genomics applications will lead to a paradigm shift in our ability to ease significant health, economic, and social burdens. However, to successfully benefit from genomics innovations, it is imperative to address a number of hurdles related to generating robust scientific evidence, developing lower-cost sequencing technologies, effective bioinformatics, as well as sensitive ethical, economical, environmental, legal, and social aspects associated with the development and use of genomics innovations. PMID:26632961

  20. Business model innovation for sustainable energy: German utilities and renewable energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electric power sector stands at the beginning of a fundamental transformation process towards a more sustainable production based on renewable energies. Consequently, electric utilities as incumbent actors face a massive challenge to find new ways of creating, delivering, and capturing value from renewable energy technologies. This study investigates utilities' business models for renewable energies by analyzing two generic business models based on a series of in-depth interviews with German utility managers. It is found that utilities have developed viable business models for large-scale utility-side renewable energy generation. At the same time, utilities lack adequate business models to commercialize small-scale customer-side renewable energy technologies. By combining the business model concept with innovation and organization theory practical recommendations for utility mangers and policy makers are derived. - Highlights: • The energy transition creates a fundamental business model challenge for utilities. • German utilities succeed in large-scale and fail in small-scale renewable generation. • Experiences from other industries are available to inform utility managers. • Business model innovation capabilities will be crucial to master the energy transition

  1. Catalysts for Change: The Role of Small Business Funders in the Creation and Dissemination of Innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shic, Frederick; Smith, Daniel; Horsburgh, Brian; Hollander, Eric; Rehg, James M; Goodwin, Matthew

    2015-12-01

    A gap exists between the expanding space of technological innovations to aid those affected by autism spectrum disorders, and the actual impact of those technologies on daily lives. This gap can be addressed through a very practical path of commercialization. However, the path from a technological innovation to a commercially viable product is fraught with challenges. These challenges can be mitigated through small business funding agencies, which are, more and more, catalyzing the dissemination of innovation by fostering social entrepreneurship through capital support and venture philanthropy. This letter describes the differences and nature of these agencies, and their importance in facilitating the translational and real-world impact of technological and scientific discoveries.

  2. Structured methods for customer-oriented innovation research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scholderer, Joachim

    Introduction: "Being innovative is the cornerstone of sustainable competitive advantage" - as simple as this Business 101 commandment sounds, as difficult it is to comply with in practice. Most innovations fail, and more often than not the reason can be found in developers' ignorance of what...

  3. Managing Innovation and Business Development Using Enterprise Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben; Bækgaard, Lars

    2011-01-01

    Companies are traditionally facing constant challenges in prioritization and management of technology between short and long term. Competing technologies, market demands, supplier push, scarcity of resources, adequacy of skills, and shifting management priorities all affect potential outcome...... technologies. In management of IT, it has become increasingly popular to use Enterprise Architecture (EA) as a method and supported by a series of formal frameworks. EA maps artifacts and motives against the business strategy. In this paper, MOT and EA are reviewed for their mutual potentials and issues. Two...... of well planned technological changes. Management of technology (MOT) addresses identification, selection, (long term) planning, designing, implementation and operation of technology based business development. Information Technology (IT) is a key enabler for a vast range of contemporary corporate...

  4. Leaderships impact on innovation : A case study on a small business in software industry

    OpenAIRE

    Saers, Alexander; Sedell, Maria

    2011-01-01

    The ongoing globalization and the ever changing economic climate put pressure on companies’ innovative capability. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate what role leadership has for enhancing innovation in a small software company in the open innovation dimension. This thesis is a qualitative research of the leadership and organizational impact on innovations. We have interviewed the CEO and two employees in a software company specialized in interface programming on industry computer m...

  5. Innovation and Research on Engineering Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Graaff, Erik; Kolmos, Anette

    2014-01-01

    Our Western society depends strongly on continuous technological innovation. Engineers, the designers of the future technology need extensive competencies to face the challenge of dealing with ever increasing complexity. In some areas more than half the knowledge they learn in University...... is obsolete by the time the enter practice. Recognition of these issues has recently resulted in worldwide increase of attention for innovation of engineering education. This chapter presents a brief outline of the traditions in higher engineering education culminating in the stage of research and development...... in the last century. Next, the recent revival of engineering education research is described, contrasting the developments in the USA with Europe and the rest of the world. The efforts in the USA appear to follow Boyer’s concept scholarship of teaching, and aim for the establishment of engineering education...

  6. Pamplin business ethics researchers ranked among the top

    OpenAIRE

    Ho, Sookhan

    2010-01-01

    Management professor Richard Wokutch and marketing professor Joseph Sirgy in the Pamplin College of Business are listed among the most productive researchers in business ethics, according to a recent study in the Journal of Business Ethics that ranked Virginia Tech 15th among the top 25 academic institutions in this field.

  7. From productivity strategy to business case : Choosing a cost-effective intervention for workplace innovations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oeij, P.R.A.; Looze, M.P. de; Have, K. ten; Rhijn, J.W. van; Graaf, H.A.L.M. de

    2012-01-01

    The article presents an approach to developing cost-effective interventions for workplace innovations for entrepreneurs who seek to enhance the productivity of an organization. The business case method is used to extend the Q4-model of productivity, which supports developing a productivity strategy

  8. Servitization: Disentangling the impact of service business model innovation on manufacturing firm performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visnjic Kastalli, I.; Looy, van B.E.J.

    2013-01-01

    As manufacturing businesses operate in an ever more competitive, global economy where products are easily commoditized, innovating by adding services to the core product offering has become a popular strategy. Contrary to the economic benefits expected, recent findings pinpoint implementation hurdle

  9. Divergent Paths of Mobile Innovation: Development of Mobile Music Businesses in Japan and Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Takeishi, Akira, 1958-.; Lee, Kyoung-Joo

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines how mobile music businesses have been developed in Japan and Korea, two countries that have led the world in creating and developing the mobile music industry. We pay attention to the music copyright institution as a "reverse salient," which we argue has played an important role to determine the direction and timing of mobile music innovation in the two countries.

  10. Experiential Learning Laboratories in Business Schools: The WD-40® for Curriculum Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boroff, Karen E.; Riley, Elven

    2012-01-01

    The authors present a case analysis of how a business school brought about curriculum innovation. The school used something borrowed, specifically experiential learning laboratories, and something new to attain measureable curriculum change, with only modest investments. The authors urge that the nimbleness of a medium-size school committed to…

  11. Use of Innovative Forms of Teaching Students to Create Business Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gennadyevna, Novikova Natalia; Mikhailovna, Zorina Natalia; Vadimovich, Kortunov Vadim

    2015-01-01

    This article highlights an important role of speech studies disciplines in teaching students to create business discourse, stresses practical orientation of teaching, a need to achieve a greater and more effective balance of theory and practice. The article presents innovative forms of teaching students to create and percept institutional business…

  12. Applying open innovation in business strategies : Evidence from Finnish software firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Harison, Elad; Koski, Heli

    2010-01-01

    Our study aims at shedding light on the innovative business strategies in the software sector and understanding better the economics that underlies the supply of Open Source Software (OSS). We use survey data collected from 170 Finnish software companies to investigate how different properties of so

  13. Exploring effect of entrepreneurship and business orientations on innovation and customer value (Case Study: food industry of Mashhad city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    mostafa kazemi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Today, organizations must recognize and exploit entrepreneurial opportunities arising from environmental changes, not just survive But also to ensure its growth. Hence, the need have to maintain the survival of competitive advantages over its competitors. These competitive advantages as innovation and customer value is that given that few studies have examined the relationship between entrepreneurship and customer value Therefore, in this study adopted a survey research strategy to investigate the potential effects of entrepreneurial and business oriented (learning orientation, market orientation and human resource practices has been on innovation and customer value. The study population consisted of active companies in the food industry of Mashhad city were based on Cochran's formula, for example, randomized study of 83 patients have been involved in research. The data obtained through questionnaires distributed and the structural equations and partial least squares method to help software PLS were analyzed. The results of data processing showed that entrepreneurship and human resource management are the most important drivers of innovation and customer value. Also the findings suggest that market orientation can be integrated as a predictor of innovation and customer value to be considered. Therefore, the rights to success implementing these factors promote innovation and deliver superior value to customers.

  14. Mixing and matching research and innovation policies in EU countries

    OpenAIRE

    Veugelers, Reinhilde

    2015-01-01

    The European Union has prioritised the pursuit of innovation-based growth and targeting of resources to promote research and development, but performance on innovation remains weak. With the lack of results comes fatigue, waning interest and mounting criticism about policy. Should the EU abandon its ambition to become the most innovative region in the world? We examine EU member state research and innovation policies. We assess whether the deployment of innovation policy instruments in EU cou...

  15. Innovation and research in reactor safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In line with the engineered safeguards principle of in-depth safety, the survey article deals with innovation and research in the field of reactor safety, improvements in plant operation, innovation in accident management, and reduction of the consequences of severe accidents. The survey reveals that the development and application of innovative and efficient technologies is aimed primarily at the management of aging and of the operating life, and at simplifying and improving operations processes. Another area of innovation is accident management. In this respect, some of the main areas under development are the expansion of the multi-level safety concept, the introduction of further accident control measures so as to complete the spectrum of accidents covered, the quantification of safety margins by means of the application of modern methods of computation, and the introduction of passive elements reducing the need for fast countermeasures to be initiated by the plant operating personnel. The authors conclude that, on the whole, light water reactors attain a level of safety which, in combination with corresponding efforts in the economic sector, is a precondition for the renaissance of nuclear technology in the century just begun. The second part of the article, which is to be published in July, will deal mainly with the reduction of consequences of severe accidents. (orig.)

  16. Research on demand-oriented Business English learning method

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou Yuan

    2016-01-01

    Business English is integrated with visual-audio-oral English, which focuses on the application for English listening and speaking skills in common business occasions, and acquire business knowledge and improve skills through English. This paper analyzes the Business English Visual-audio-oral Course, and learning situation of higher vocational students’ learning objectives, interests, vocabulary, listening and speaking, and focuses on the research of effective methods to guide the higher voca...

  17. Inovační trendy Business Intelligence a Big Data v modelu Design driven Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Krčma, Marek

    2014-01-01

    Business Intelligence plays the crucial role in the question of serching for the truth in organizations. Trend of data growing defines the importance of analytical tools for organizations. Innovation is perceived as the only driver which leads to higher living standards in a society in the longterm run (according to the World Economic Forum). This thesis joins two areas: innovation and analytical field of business informatics (Business Intelligence, Big Data). The main goal of this thesis is ...

  18. Japanese-Chinese Business Communication Research in Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Ro, Tou

    2008-01-01

    This paper is a general presentation which describes the tendency of Japanese-Chinese business communication research in Japan. Beyond summing up the research results, the author also points out some problems in present studies and discusses research projects that need to be conducted in the future. After summarizing the current business situation for both countries and the profound meaning in bilateral business communication, this paper explores the following five issues: (1) Language an...

  19. Dictionaries in the Internet Era: Innovation or Business as Usual?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tarp, Sven

    2014-01-01

    and techniques which can be applied to improve the quality of present and future online dictionaries. Finally, it presents the main concept of an online business dictionary under construction where some of these principles, methods and techniques are used in order to adapt the articles visualised on the screen...... in the current transition to the digital media. Through examples from lexicographical practice it provides a vision of dictionaries as information tools and presents the core elements of a general theory covering all types of lexicographical work. Upon this basis, the article discusses principles, methods...

  20. In-memory databases and innovations in Business Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruxandra BABEANU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The large amount of data that companies are dealing with, day by day, is a big challenge for the traditional BI systems and databases. A significant part of this data is usually wasted because the companies do not own the appropriate capacity to process it. In the actual competitive environment, this lost data could point up valuable information if it was analyzed and put in the right context. In these circumstances, in-memory databases seem to be the solution. This innovative technology combined with specialized BI solutions offers high performance and satisfaction to users and comes up with new data modeling and processing options.

  1. In-memory databases and innovations in Business Intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    Ruxandra BABEANU; Marian CIOBANU

    2015-01-01

    The large amount of data that companies are dealing with, day by day, is a big challenge for the traditional BI systems and databases. A significant part of this data is usually wasted because the companies do not own the appropriate capacity to process it. In the actual competitive environment, this lost data could point up valuable information if it was analyzed and put in the right context. In these circumstances, in-memory databases seem to be the solution. This innovative technology comb...

  2. The Vocabulary Thresholds of Business Textbooks and Business Research Articles for EFL Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Wenhua

    2011-01-01

    This research compiled two corpora, one for English-medium textbooks for business core courses (totaling 7.2 million running words) and the other for business research articles (7.62 million tokens), to form a basis of analysis. The results show that knowledge of the most frequent 3500 word families and 5000 word families plus proper nouns would…

  3. Review of Family Business Definitions: Cluster Approach and Implications of Heterogeneous Application for Family Business Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrik Harms

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This review article displays several attempts to define family businesses as well as a systematization approach to get new insights about the relationship between family business definitions and their application under different conditions such as legal framework, culture or regional understanding of family. Potential explanations for the ambiguity of what is meant by family firms are revealed by reviewing 267 journal articles. A consensus about the object of investigation would result in a deeper understanding of family firms’ uniqueness, might lead to more reliable comparative studies as well as interdisciplinary work (e.g., finance and family firms and enables a quicker consolidation of family business research, especially in contrast to research on small and medium-sized enterprises and entrepreneurship. Therefore, the present review contributes to the development of family business research by providing an initial attempt to comprehensively systematized existing family firm definitions which could be used by researchers in family business research.

  4. Business model concept and application

    OpenAIRE

    Ogonowska, Kinga

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis I would like to clarify the major approached to business models, define business model innovation, identify types of business models and innovations that are applied in the companies under research, indicate strengths and weaknesses of the business models studied and determine their innovative value. The sources of data include secondary from literature review, reports, corporate web pages and primary data from the interviews with employees of the Polish companies under ...

  5. Social innovation research: a new stage in innovation analysis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jessop, Bob; Moulaert, Frank; Hulgård, Lars;

    2013-01-01

    Social innovation is a la mode. The significance that various mainstream strategy and policy documents accord to social innovation varies greatly. Nonetheless, one commonality stands out: they interpret it in economic, indeed often in narrowly market-economic, terms. In this chapter we challenge...

  6. New research methods of business history

    OpenAIRE

    Lepore, Amedeo

    2012-01-01

    Business history, while not clearly established or widely recognized, is an open framework that can include in addition to issues related to the evolving economy, business, market and business, other areas of institutional, cultural and social, related to contemporary events resulting from the long process of industrialization. The first industrial revolution began in the late eighteenth century, the next highest industrial processing of the second half of the nineteenth century, the mass ind...

  7. Innovative tools for business coalitions in B2B applications how negotiation, auction and game theory can support small- and medium-sized business in e-business

    CERN Document Server

    Argoneto, Pierluigi

    2011-01-01

    Discussion of how to implement innovative tools makes the book relevant to both researchers and managers The simulation environment allows the reader to evaluate the performance of the approaches proposed Includes methodologies to improve e-marketplace performances through coalition

  8. Research and Development as a Competence Creating Business in a Business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fisscher, Olaf; Visscher, Klaasjan; Pearson, Alan; Weisenfeld, Ursula

    2005-01-01

    Research and development departments in industrial firms may not take it for granted anymore that they are the only preferred supplier of research and development to the company of which they are a part. The growing need to be innovative and the increasing availability of innovative competencies on

  9. Innovations in e-business: can government contracting be adapted to use crowdsourcing and open innovation?

    OpenAIRE

    Lauterbach-Hagan, Brian

    2010-01-01

    Joint Applied Project This report investigates the scope and boundaries surrounding Open Innovation methodologies, Web 2.0 technologies and Crowdsourcing to determine their appropriateness for government use and how/when they can be used. Open Innovation methodology revolutionizes the inflow and outflow of organizational information and the administration of intellectual property. It brings together individuals with diverse talents across multiple disciplines to collaborate on projects. We...

  10. Internationalisation of construction business and e-commerce: Innovation, integration and dynamic capabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Thayaparan Gajendran; Graham Brewer; Malliga Marimuthu

    2013-01-01

    Despite the role of internet and web based applications in delivering competitive advantage through e-business process is widely acknowledged, little is done by way of research to use the dynamic capability framework, in exploring the role of ecommerce in the construction business internationalisation. The aim of this paper is to present a literature based theoretical exploration using dynamic capability view to discuss internationalising construction businesses through electronic commerce (e...

  11. Social networks and innovation (handicraft industry in Bantul, Yogyakarta)

    OpenAIRE

    Aloysius Gunadi, Brata

    2011-01-01

    This research found most of the handicraft producers have conducted various innovations during last five years. The newest innovations are managerial innovation, marketing innovation and product innovation. Meanwhile, product innovation and managerial innovation are the most important innovations in enhancing the business performance. Based on the actors, innovation in this case could be classified as producer driven innovation. The main information source of product innovation, process innov...

  12. Spatial Health and Life Sciences Business Ecosystems: Research Frame

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jukka Majava

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Industry competition is moving from the company-level towards business ecosystems, where organizations must develop mutually beneficial relationships with each other. This paper studies business ecosystem phenomena, focusing especially on the spatial (geographical context within the health and life sciences industry. In addition, business ecosystem evolution and change dynamics are addressed. This study is literature-based; the findings and analysis provide a research frame for forthcoming empirical studies. Despite increasing attention, business ecosystem literature is still relatively immature, and previous studies have mostly focused on software and the information technology (it industries. Hence, this paper provides new insights into the business ecosystem concept in a novel context.

  13. ACADEMIC LANDSCAPE OF INNOVATION RESEARCH AND NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM POLICY REFORMATION IN JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES

    OpenAIRE

    MASAHIRO HASHIMOTO; YUYA KAJIKAWA; ICHIRO SAKATA; YOSHIYUKI TAKEDA; KATSUMORI MATSUSHIMA

    2012-01-01

    Academic landscape of innovation research was analyzed by citation network analysis, which was divided into three main clusters; with "technological innovation" as the central core together with "innovation fundamentals" and "innovation management". Historically, research on innovation started from innovation management, such as innovational organization research, but research in the other two cluster areas is currently more active. With this background, we prepared a historical overview of n...

  14. Photovoltaic conference on research and innovation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on photovoltaic research and innovation. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, about 80 participants exchanged views on PV research priorities and on the possible cooperation paths capable to meet the challenges of an increasing worldwide competition. Beside the analysis of national and European support programmes, the presentations addressed also the technological advances in the domain of energy efficiency and fabrication of PV systems, but also the energy storage solutions and the problems of integration to grids. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - Photovoltaic R and D financing in France (Francois Moisan); 2 - Research consortia: research promotion in Germany (Christoph Huennekes); 3 - EeRA Joint research Programme Photovoltaic Solar energy: cooperation support to PV research at the European level (Philippe Malbranche); 4 - The Research Project 'SONNe' - A shining example within the German Funding Scheme 'Innovation Alliance' (Holger Neuhaus); 5 - The 'Ile de France Photovoltaic Institute': a huge cooperation between academic and industrial partners for the improvement of photovoltaic energy efficiency and competitiveness (Daniel Lincot); 6 - SOLARBOND the basis for a successful French-German collaboration (Frank Dimroth); 7 - Smart Country model project: Successful integration of distributed generation in rural areas - Smart integration of PV power generation thanks to the combination with a modified biogas storage system (Oliver Franz); 8 - Sol-ion Conversion, storage and management of residential PV energy (Michael Lippert); 9 - Improving Tools to massively integrate Renewables in the European electric System (Michel Bena)

  15. Business Education Innovation: How Common Exams Can Improve University Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unger, Darian

    2010-01-01

    Although there is significant research on improving college-level teaching practices, most literature in the field assumes an incentive for improvement. The research presented in this paper addresses the issue of poor incentives for improving university-level teaching. Specifically, it proposes instructor-designed common examinations as an…

  16. Revisiting the Miles and Snow Typology: Strategic Path Mediates Business Strategy and Resource Configuration for Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasmina Zubaedah

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This article provides the results of an exploratory study that investigated the effect of Capabil- ity Lifecycle Path on attaining effective adaptation through innovation. Based on Miles and Snow (1978, an empirical study was conducted to explore whether performing firms are those that indi- cate consistency within the strategy, process, structure and Capability Lifecycle Path arrangement. The basic premise of this study is adaptability for sustainability, where firms go through adapta- tion cycles through Business Model Innovation would perform well when they are able to consis- tently create value and effectively manage adopted business models, or denoted as Business Mod- el Effectiveness. Using data obtained from seven Indonesian firms in various industries, PLS Analy- sis was conducted to investigate the relationships between Business Strategy, Firm Resource Con- figuration, Capability Lifecycle Path and Business Model Effectiveness. Findings indicated that Ca- pability Lifecycle Path, or decisions made on the development of capabilities at the mature stage, is an important part of the series of decisions made during adaptation to ensure performance.

  17. Architectural quality: innovation, technological research and design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Campioli

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Architectural redevelopment and the revival of the construction sector are conditional on the incentivisation and bolstering of innovation processes. Thus the partial declensions that have been attached to these processes over the last few years have seen research and experimentation being tailored to the spectacularisation of shapes or the hidden performance optimisation of materials and components. Genuine improvement in the quality of architecture and its construction in this day and age depends on the abilities of designers to adopt the entire life cycle of buildings as a reference framework and on the willingness of all those working in the construction supply chain to activate virtuous cooperation.

  18. Tradition and Innovation in Scientists' Research Strategies

    CERN Document Server

    Foster, Jacob G; Evans, James A

    2013-01-01

    What factors affect a scientist's choice of research problem? Qualitative research in the history, philosophy, and sociology of science suggests that this choice is shaped by an "essential tension" between the professional demand for productivity and a conflicting drive toward risky innovation. We examine this tension empirically in the context of biomedical chemistry. We use complex networks to represent the evolving state of scientific knowledge, as expressed in publications. We then define research strategies relative to these networks. Scientists can introduce novel chemicals or chemical relationships--or delve deeper into known ones. They can consolidate existing knowledge clusters, or bridge distant ones. Analyzing such choices in aggregate, we find that the distribution of strategies remains remarkably stable, even as chemical knowledge grows dramatically. High-risk strategies, which explore new chemical relationships, are less prevalent in the literature, reflecting a growing focus on established know...

  19. THE INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF INTERACTION BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND BUSINESS IN THE SPHERE OF INNOVATION: NEW TOOLS FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasiya Yurievna Nikitaeva

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the study of international experience of interaction between government and business in the innovative development of the industrial sector. Purpose of the paper is to determine the features and content of the new mechanisms of industrial development, based on integration platform of economic agents’ partnership.Methodology. The complex of system, synergy, institutional, evolutionary, and endogenous approaches is used as a methodological basis of research. Methodological apparatus of the article is presented by methods of the analysis, synthesis, abstraction, logical generalization.Results: the assessment of influence of government and commercial structures partnership on the innovative industrial development is given; the tendency of expansion of a partnership segment in the innovative sphere of the industry is empirically illustrated; features and key technologies of the new integration mechanism of industrial development are given.Conclusion: complication of innovative processes in combination with other factors results in expediency of development of partnership of economic entities in the sphere of industrial development. The extent and effectiveness of partnership practices in innovation is largely determined by the role of state institutions. For innovation of industrial development it is expedient to form the mechanisms using the integrated capacity of public and private institutions.Practical implications: the results of the study can be used in the justification of the priorities and measures of the state innovation and industrial policy, the development of concepts and programs of clustering of the regions and the development of public-private partnerships, and also formation of strategy of development of industrial structures.

  20. Online Business Simulations: A Sustainable or Disruptive Innovation in Management Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Earl, Jason Scott

    2012-01-01

    The focal goal of this research was to extend the empirical effort on business simulations as a form of experiential learning by providing the first empirical analysis of business acumen and knowledge application skills. Disruptions in technology are providing more opportunities to improve the simulation gaming learning experience and a number of…

  1. New IT Business Models in the "Asian Age" - Multilateral Collaboration and Business Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Urakami, Kiyoshi

    2005-01-01

    China, after its implementation of foreign direct investment policy in December 1978, has continued to receive investments from international companies, and this has been one of the primary driving engines behind the Asian business development. Electronics products originating either from U.S.A. or Europe have experienced tremendous industry shifts to the Asian countries such as Japan, Korea, Taiwan and China. This paper examines, from the general perspective, the recent development of t...

  2. Business Value and Business Model Innovation in Decentralized Interoperability Scenarios: The NisB Case

    OpenAIRE

    OTTO, Boris

    2012-01-01

    NisB-short for The Network is the Business-facilitates a network of heterogeneous information producers and consumers that share a common interest in harmonizing their knowledge assets. By trading knowledge assets, the network establishes and refines interoperability between its parties. The value of the accumulated interoperability knowledge in the network improves as more the network grows in parties and assets and that interoperability knowledge constitutes economic value in its own right....

  3. Social Business and big business: innovative, promising solutions to overcome poverty?

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Yunus; Thierry Sibieude; Eric Lesueur

    2012-01-01

    Do big businesses have to play a role on their own in poverty alleviation? And if so, what are the means of action they are able and eager to implement? For decades, eradicating poverty has been a challenge tackled by public interventions, international development organizations, NGOs. Since the question raised about corporate responsibility, there have been more and more integrated initiatives aiming at reducing social and environmental negative impact of a company. Some are convinced there ...

  4. Research and practices on open innovation: perspectives on SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Rahman, Md. Hakikur; Ramos, Isabel

    2013-01-01

    Innovation has become a recognized driver of economic prosperity of a country through sustained growth of its entrepreneurships. Moreover, recently coined term open innovation is increasingly taking a lead in enterprise management in terms of sustained profitability. Foci of researchers and practitioners are revolving around innovation methods, processes, and strategies. This chapter seeks to find out open innovation researches and practices that are being carried out circumscribing developme...

  5. Special issue call for papers from Business Systems Research Journal

    OpenAIRE

    Pejić Bach, Mirjana

    2011-01-01

    A special issue oft he Business Systems Research Journal with extended versions of selected papers from the 11th International Symposium on Operations Research in Slovenia (SOR’11) will be published under the journal ‘s publishing standards.

  6. A REVIEW OF TOURISM AND HOSPITALITY INNOVATION RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NAGY Andrea

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Innovation plays a vital role in a company’s development and in helping it keep up with new technologies and customers’ highest expectations. A large number of publications on tourism innovation reflect the interest of many authors in this topic. In the past few years several authors have approached tourism innovation, developed models of innovation in tourism, analyzed innovation types or the factors that influence innovation in this field. The purpose of this paper is to review the existing literature on tourism innovation and to identify the main research tendencies in this area of interest. Therefore, we searched for keywords like “tourism innovation”, “hospitality innovation” or “service innovation” in several databases such as Science Direct, Emerald, Sage Publications and The Center for Hospitality Research of Cornell University. Because this study focuses on tourism and hospitality innovation, there were analyzed 17 research papers regarding these aspects. Relevant findings such as factors that influence innovation in tourism and hospitality (hotels’ size, category and chain structure, introduction of ICTs, employee involvement and commitment, customer or guest requests etc., types of innovation implemented in this area and correlations between innovations’ success and hotel performance were highlighted.

  7. The Business of Research in Art and Design: Parallels Between Research Centres and Small Businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seymour Roworth-Stokes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a cross-case analysis of four art and design research centres operating within UK universities. Findings from autobiographical and semi-structured interviews with researchers, research managers, and research leaders indicate that they encounter similar issues in trying to establish internal legitimacy within the university alongside the need to gain external support and recognition. In dealing with these challenges, art and design research centres tend to pass through four broadly identifiable phases: (i Origination (utilising credentials and leadership capacity, (ii Establishment (securing resources and embedding dedicated systems and processes, (iii Development (furthering profile, diversifying, and retaining autonomy, and (iv Sustainability (enhancing research culture, networks, and influence.Many interesting parallels are evident with the way small businesses strive to establish themselves within competitive market environments. Lessons for research managers and directors are explored to consider such similarities in key areas of responsibility that cover leadership, managing people and processes, developing organisational capacity, and building external networks. The research suggests research centre directors must demonstrate many intrapreneurial qualities to overcome obstacles in the development of a successful research team and that university departments can make substantial organisational interventions to help them succeed.

  8. Innovation, Product Development, and New Business Models in Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Erik S.; Bergenholtz, Carsten; Jørgensen, Jacob Høj;

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to build a research model, that will allow an in-depth analysis of a single case study. It is the aim of the case study method to capture and present a real-life phenomenon in the actual context, encompassing as much as the dynamics as possible. A case study raises several...

  9. Innovation in small business: comparing face-to-face with virtual networking

    OpenAIRE

    Hardwick, Jialin Y.; Cruickshank, Douglas; Anderson, Alistair R.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose - The paper aimed to better understand the process of networking by small business with their customers to achieve innovations. In particular the relative roles of face-to-face and virtual interaction were investigated. Design - Initially a week of participant observation was undertaken then 17 in-depth interviews were conducted and analysed. The biotechnology sector was used for the sample. Findings - Networking interaction could be categorised into stages. A deepening of the...

  10. Entering the Sharing Economy via Sercive Innovation and New Business Models

    OpenAIRE

    Geipel, Teresa Margareta

    2015-01-01

    This paper concerns the phenomenon of the sharing economy and aims to understand, how companies can enter this new economy by innovating in services and developing new business models. The scientific approach to the paper is hermeneutic. Therewith the focus is on understanding the above named phenomenon and contributing with new insights and understandings. The first part describes the method that has been used writing this thesis. The second part provides an overview on the scientific l...

  11. The Global Big Oil on the Way to Business Model Innovation?

    OpenAIRE

    Alexey Bereznoy

    2015-01-01

    The paper explores the current changes in the global strategy of the elite of the international oil companies, the so-called supermajors, within the context of the potential business model innovation. The work aims to make two main contributions. First, by analyzing recent shifts in the world oil and gas industry and their implications from the perspective of changing supermajors’ market positions and economic power, this paper discloses the root causes of strategic moves undertaken by today'...

  12. The Determinants of Regional Specialisation in Business Services: Agglomeration Economies, Vertical Linkages and Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    MELICIANI Valentina; Savona, Maria

    2011-01-01

    The article accounts for the determinants of sectoral specialisation in business services (BS) across the EU-27 regions as determined by: (i) agglomeration economies (ii) the region-specific structure of intermediate linkages (iii) technological innovation and knowledge intensity and (iv) the presence of these factors in neighbouring regions. The empirical analysis draws upon the REGIO panel database over the period 1999–2003. By estimating a Spatial Durbin Model, we find significant spatial ...

  13. Managing Creativity for Absorptive Capacity: The NIH Syndrome and the Implementation of Open Innovation Business Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cokpekin, Özge

    The benefits of the open innovation business model and the absorptive capacity necessary to acquire and utilize external knowledge have been discussed extensively. An emerging literature stream has identified certain intra-organizational antecedents of absorptive capacity. However how firms...... recognize potentially valuable external knowledge to be able to start the knowledge absorption process has not been discussed. This paper suggests creativity management and argues that stimulating meaningfully novel behavior positively influences the recognition ability and the communication it enhances...

  14. Collaborating With Businesses to Support and Sustain Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moch, Susan Diemert; Jansen, Debra A; Jadack, Rosemary A; Page, Phil; Topp, Robert

    2015-10-01

    Financial assistance is necessary for sustaining research at universities. Business collaborations are a potential means for obtaining these funds. To secure funding, understanding the process for obtaining these business funds is important for nursing faculty members. Although faculty rarely request funding from businesses, they are often in a position to solicit financial support due to existing relationships with clinical agency administrators, staff, and community leaders. The economic support received from businesses provides outcomes in nursing research, research education, academic-service partnerships, and client health care. This article describes the steps and processes involved in successfully obtaining research funding from businesses. In addition, case examples for securing and maintaining funding from health care agencies (evidence-based practice services) and from a health manufacturing company (product evaluation) are used to demonstrate the process. PMID:25869995

  15. A New Business Model Of Marketing Research

    OpenAIRE

    Elitsa Uzunova

    2015-01-01

    The global economy is currently marked by high level of uncertainty, risks, intensive competition, constantly growing information streams and dynamic technological development. These tendencies shape what marketing is today and highlight its importance for the survival of business organisations. Employing a theoretical analysis, this article tracks the evolution of marketing research’s business model on the intersection between changed clients’ and consumers’ expectations, as well as essentia...

  16. 战略性新兴企业创新投入对企业绩效影响的研究%Research on Impact of Innovation Investment of Strategic Emerging Enterprises on Business Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭嘉琦

    2013-01-01

    The author analyzed and tested relationship between innovation input and enterprises performance by using related data of 94 strategic emerging enterprises which came into the market in small plates. The results of data analysis indicated that innovation investment significantly positive effect on corporate performance. In factors of affecting innovation perfor-mance, firm size have a positive impact on firm performance, while has played a contrary role to innovation output; govern-ment grants conducive to increase investment in innovation, the quality of the labor force is positively related to corporate performance.%  采用中小板上市的94家战略性新兴企业的相关数据,分析检验了创新投入与企业绩效之间的关系。数据分析结果表明:创新投入对企业绩效有显著地正向影响。在影响创新绩效的因素中,企业规模对企业绩效有积极地影响,而对创新产出却起到了相反的作用;政府补助有利于提高创新投入,劳动力素质与企业绩效正相关。

  17. Research on Business Processes Optimization for Agile Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Based on macroscopic and synthetic approaches, especia lly information entropy approach, the quantification of the flexible degree and order degree of business processes is studied. According to the outcome of abov e analysis, a conceptual model of optimizing business processes is proposed whic h supports to construct dynamic stable business processes. The research above has been applied in project 863/SDDAC-CIMS, and achieved primary benefits.

  18. Analysing stratified medicine business models and value systems: innovation-regulation interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittra, James; Tait, Joyce

    2012-09-15

    Stratified medicine offers both opportunities and challenges to the conventional business models that drive pharmaceutical R&D. Given the increasingly unsustainable blockbuster model of drug development, due in part to maturing product pipelines, alongside increasing demands from regulators, healthcare providers and patients for higher standards of safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of new therapies, stratified medicine promises a range of benefits to pharmaceutical and diagnostic firms as well as healthcare providers and patients. However, the transition from 'blockbusters' to what might now be termed 'niche-busters' will require the adoption of new, innovative business models, the identification of different and perhaps novel types of value along the R&D pathway, and a smarter approach to regulation to facilitate innovation in this area. In this paper we apply the Innogen Centre's interdisciplinary ALSIS methodology, which we have developed for the analysis of life science innovation systems in contexts where the value creation process is lengthy, expensive and highly uncertain, to this emerging field of stratified medicine. In doing so, we consider the complex collaboration, timing, coordination and regulatory interactions that shape business models, value chains and value systems relevant to stratified medicine. More specifically, we explore in some depth two convergence models for co-development of a therapy and diagnostic before market authorisation, highlighting the regulatory requirements and policy initiatives within the broader value system environment that have a key role in determining the probable success and sustainability of these models.

  19. A Study on Commercial Universities' Business English Teaching Reform and Cooperative Innovating and Practicing Research in the global Perspective%国际视野下商科高校商务英语教学协作创新特色研究与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳

    2012-01-01

    The article not only clarifies the definition and scope of business Enghish, introduces the study fields of foreign and chinese business English, but analyzes the existing problems of teaching situation of business English and proposes the innovative ways to business English in business universities.%文章对商务英语的概念及范畴进行了梳理,归纳了国内外商务英语的研究内容,并针对国内商务英语的教学现状及教师队伍存在的问题,提出商科高校商务英语教学协作创新的途径。

  20. Emergence of a complex global culture. Challenge for an innovative research strategy

    OpenAIRE

    Browaeys, M.-J.

    2005-01-01

    Topics relating to international business are abundant, but they become increasingly complex. To match this trend, we need to think differently and to look for another way of investigation the field. The present article takes as example the cross-border mergers and acquisitions to propose an innovative research method that is better adapted to the object of research. By explaining the conceptual framework of complexity thinking which can not only serve in the given case but also in the other ...

  1. Research on Business Models in their Life Cycle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Jabłoński

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of theoretical discussions and research findings in the field of designing sustainable business models that support the creation of value at various stages of the business life cycle. The paper presents selected findings of extensive research into the business models of Polish companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange. Companies which are at various stages of development should build and adapt their business models in order to maintain the ability to create value for stakeholders. Characteristics of business models at the early stages of development are different than at mature stages. The paper highlights the differences in business models in the context of the life cycle of companies and sustainability criteria. The paper presents research findings which show that the company’s development can be seen from the point of view of the business model. Research on business models concentrated on identifying the key attributes and the configuration of the business models appropriate for the early stage of development as well as the maturity stage. It was found that the business models of companies at an early stage of the development of companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange are oriented primarily to how the company shapes, delivers, and captures value from the market in order to generate profits for shareholders and increase the value of the company, while the business models of mature companies include the intentions of management used to balance objectives with respect to different groups of stakeholders, and to carefully formulate and implement business objectives with particular attention paid to preserving the sustainability of the business. The assessment of business models from the point of view of the life cycle proves that managers change their approach to configuring business models over time; at some point, they include management intentions aimed at a broader range of goals than merely

  2. Tasks of institutional support to increase innovation activity of small business in the region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Aleksandrovich Bayev

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The reasons for the low innovation activity of Russian small enterprises are presented in the article from the standpoint of institutional theory. According to the authors, today the degree of influence of the institutional environment on meso- and mini-levels, as well as informal rules for the development of small forms of entrepreneurship, including their innovative activity are underestimated. The influence of informal component of mini-level institutional environment on the implementation of formal institutions in the examples of the phenomenon of «Old Believers» Entrepreneurship and institutions of the shadow economy is shown. The authors suggest that the shadow nature existing in Russia on mini-level informal institutions to be explained not only by the low level of trust in society (including trust in authority and leadership and the differences between the national mentality, but also inadequate distribution of transaction costs of doing business (including innovation between economic agents. Features of the institutional system of Russia  as well as transaction costs of the domestic system of patenting inventions  are investigated as the key causes of the problem. Methodological principles of institutional support of small innovative businesses are presented.

  3. Catalysts for Change: The Role of Small Business Funders in the Creation and Dissemination of Innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shic, Frederick; Smith, Daniel; Horsburgh, Brian; Hollander, Eric; Rehg, James M; Goodwin, Matthew

    2015-12-01

    A gap exists between the expanding space of technological innovations to aid those affected by autism spectrum disorders, and the actual impact of those technologies on daily lives. This gap can be addressed through a very practical path of commercialization. However, the path from a technological innovation to a commercially viable product is fraught with challenges. These challenges can be mitigated through small business funding agencies, which are, more and more, catalyzing the dissemination of innovation by fostering social entrepreneurship through capital support and venture philanthropy. This letter describes the differences and nature of these agencies, and their importance in facilitating the translational and real-world impact of technological and scientific discoveries. PMID:26481385

  4. Cities as Platforms for Co-creating Experience-based Business and Social Innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pogner, Karl-Heinz; Tsakarestou, Betty

    to address societies’ challenges remains a concern for governments, cities, businesses and social innovators. These solutions emerge out of changes in technologies, advancement of knowledge as well as of the emerging model of the collaborative and sharing economy and networked peer local and global...... co-creation and experience-based learning and innovation in Living Labs, across diverse sectors, organizations, institutions, companies and startups, help cities becoming platforms that facilitate networking, collaboration and innovation? Our main challenge is to explore such an opportunity regarding......The core principle of co-creation is engaging people to create valuable experiences together while enhancing network economics (Ramaswamy & Gouillart 2010). A central element of the transition to co-creation is the ability to develop and manage effective two-way communications and information...

  5. New Approaches in Business Cycle Research: The Application of Business Cycle Indicators

    OpenAIRE

    Karl Heinrich Oppenländer

    2004-01-01

    The question arises whether there can be an enrichment of business cycle research when business cycle indicators will be used in an increasing dimension. This article, dedicated to Professor Adolf Wagner, tries to differentiate three fields of research: Hypothesis formation in theory, characterisation of market imbalances and measurement of cycle and trend in empirical methods, short-term prognoses and turning point analyses in forecasting. Can we establish new hypotheses by considering expec...

  6. Is Innovation a Useful Concept for Arts and Humanities Research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulbrandsen, Magnus; Aanstad, Siri

    2015-01-01

    This article argues that innovation may constitute a useful perspective on the link between society and arts and humanities research. Innovation is here seen as "something new put into practical use", and there are two reasons why it can be relevant for humanities. First, there has been an expansion of what innovation refers to; it is…

  7. Interactions Between the Academic Business Library and Research Data Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Terrence B.; Nicholson, Shawn W.

    2004-01-01

    The use of numeric data has historical significance in the research of many academic disciplines, but today it is burgeoning. Responses from academic business librarians to a 33-item questionnaire are the basis for this study that investigates the interactions between academic business libraries and other local units supplying numeric data…

  8. Innovation Goals in Software Development for Business Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Arnold

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Having been in touch with technical side of many companies in various sectors, we know industry is facing a period of unprecedented change. We have compiled a list of common technological challenges in the sector that companies are facing in adapting to the change. The purpose of this contribution is to discuss and communicate areas where technological challenges in the Software Development Sector lie. We see this kind of inventory beneficial to the academic community as it provides an account of industry challenges. The analysis would be necessary to really assist players in the sector in being better prepared for formalizing and documenting their learning and know-how development. Beside knowledge management benefits, the analysis also would help in taking advantage of research and development funding and attracting investors; both academic and industrial organizations can take advantage of this aspect. We are calling this type of analysis “capabilities analysis”. A single company might not solve the world’s technical problems, but just being aware of them and measuring steps taken to advance, even slightly, in the direction of solving the problems presented in this analysis would make the company stand out. When data is formulated this way, strong evidence is created that the project goes beyond standard engineering by distinguishing risk that can be eliminated through experiment from standard engineering risk.

  9. At the Crossroads. Management and Business History in Entrepreneurship Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Águeda Gil

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Recent calls for a historic turn in organization studies offer the opportunity to relaunch dialogue between management and business history research. Focusing on the specific domain of entrepreneurship research, this article illustrates the potential of mutual contributions from management and business history. In doing so, it demonstrates how historical approaches strongly influenced the early theoretical developments within entrepreneurship and demonstrates the potential to contribute to future scholarly debates. In sum, this article brings closer together business history and management studies stressing that their different perspectives and approaches are very valuable to enriching entrepreneurship research.

  10. Open innovation research - emerging methods of the digital era

    OpenAIRE

    Stockinger, Hanna

    2015-01-01

    This thesis applies and develops digital open innovation research methods and thereby attempts to broaden the understanding in this emerging field. Three digital methods to foster open innovation are examined. Netnography and social media monitoring are introduced as innovative research approaches to extract and use online community dialogue for market research, marketing and product development. In addition, the development, demonstration and presentation of a novel methodological approach t...

  11. 中小企业商业模式创新路径的研究--以中小企业板企业为例%Research on Business Model Innovation Path of Small and Medium - sized Enterprises--- Based on the SME Board Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵绘存

    2014-01-01

    The success of business model innovation depends on the right innovation path. This article analyzes listed cor-porations on the small and medium - sized enterprise broad,based on enterprise value chain and the key parts of enterprise operation,summarizes and refines the successful path of business model innovation of small and medium - sized enterpri-ses,in order to provide experience and reference for the development of small and medium - sized enterprises.%结合中小企业版上市公司样本,从价值链和商业模式构成要素的角度,立足于企业营运的各个环节,总结并提炼成功中小企业商业模式创新的路径,为中小企业发展提供经验借鉴。

  12. Measuring Research on County Agricultural Technological Innovation Ability Index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Taking the mechanism of technological construction guidance theory and mode which consists of "objective-construction-evaluation-construction-objective" as a starting point, on the basis of county agricultural technological innovation ability and its index definition, this paper researches the constructing system of county agricultural technological innovation ability. Firstly, on the basis of defining county agricultural technological innovation ability and the definition of index, according to the principle of purposefulness, scientificity, systematicness, integration of dynamic state and static state, integration of quantitativeness and qualitativeness and so on, we construct the multi-level measuring system of county agricultural technological innovation ability, including 4 first-level indices, namely technological innovation environment, technological innovation basis, technological innovation ability, and technological innovation efficiency; 15 second-level indices, such as technological policy, technological system mechanism, technological institution construction, ability of innovation subject, ability of industrial expansion, scale merit, technological contribution rate. Moreover, this system has 45 third-level indices. Then, by using unascertained mathematics method and AHM method, we establish the multi-level unascertained composite measuring model of county agricultural technological innovation ability index. Finally, by using the survey data of one county in Hebei Province, and the established county agricultural technological innovation ability index model, we get the county agricultural technological innovation ability index of 0.711 by calculation, that is, the innovation ability is at the intermediate level, namely the modern agricultural sub-stage. The empirical research proves the correctness and applicability of this model.

  13. Research of Innovation Diffusion on Industrial Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongtai Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The real value of innovation consists in its diffusion on industrial network. The factors which affect the diffusion of innovation on industrial network are the topology of industrial network and rules of diffusion. Industrial network is a complex network which has scale-free and small-world characters; its structure has some affection on threshold, length of path, enterprise’s status, and information share of innovation diffusion. Based on the cost and attitude to risk of technical innovation, we present the “avalanche” diffusing model of technical innovation on industrial network.

  14. Jiangsu Innovative New Drug Research Center (BPW CHINA)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    @@ Jiangsu Innovative New Drug Research Center Co., Ltd. (BPW CHINA), established on August 8th, 2002, is the first research institute in China which is keeping pace with other international research institutes in the innovative new drugs development. Its sole investor is Basilea Pharmaceutica Ltd.

  15. Why intended business model innovation fails to deliver: Insights from a longitudinal study in the German smart energy market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sebastian, Knab; Rohrbeck, René

    This paper aims to explore whether intended business model innovation (BMI) activities enhance exploration capabilities of incumbent firms. We report findings from a longitudinal study that spans from 2010 to 2014. We find that even though incumbent firms generated 21 generic business models in 2...

  16. Open Innovation in Research Libraries-Myth or Reality?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scupola, Ada; W. Nicolajsen, Hanne

    2009-01-01

      In this article we investigate open innovation in a non commercial setting: research libraries. The research questions are: Do academic libraries engage in open innovation processes? If so, what are the most important actors in e-services innovation and development and what is their role......? By drawing on earlier research on open innovation, new product development and new service development a case study at Roskilde University Library is conducted. We found that research libraries are indeed engaging in open innovation, especially involving competitors, government agencies and users....... In particular collaboration with other Danish research libraries and governmental agencies are important in setting the visions and strategies for e-services innovations; users have a more limited role....

  17. Open Innovation in Research Libraries-Myth or Reality?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scupola, Ada; Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh

    2010-01-01

    In this article we investigate open innovation in a non commercial setting: research libraries. The research questions are: Do academic libraries engage in open innovation processes? If so, what are the most important actors in e-services innovation and development and what is their role......? By drawing on earlier research on open innovation, new product development and new service development a case study at Roskilde University Library is conducted. We found that research libraries are indeed engaging in open innovation, especially involving competitors, government agencies and users....... In particular collaboration with other Danish research libraries and governmental agencies are important in setting the visions and strategies for e-services innovations; users have a more limited role....

  18. New Funding Opportunities for Small Businesses Announced

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Cancer Institute Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program recently announced $8 million in new contract funding opportunities to assist small businesses with cancer research and technology development. The 12 new contract funding opp

  19. INSTITUTIONS OF SUPPORT FOR INNOVATIVE PRODUCTION ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludmila TIMOTIN

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article explores the specific forms of support for innovative entrepreneurship, including those oriented towards government cooperation,scientific research institutions and enterprises, in particular innovation vouchers, innovation incubators, clusters. The solution of the financial problems of the innovative business currently takes place through special institutions – venture capital funds, business angels.

  20. A call for the need to incorporate enterprise risk management as part of the overall business model innovation process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Relative to, for example, radical product innovation process, little isknown about business model innovation, let alone the process of managingthe risks involved in that process. Using the emerging Enterprise RiskManagement (ERM) literature, an approach is proposed through whichrisk management can...

  1. 制造型企业商业模式创新与经营绩效关系研究--基于双元能力的视角%Research on the Relationship of Business Model Innovation and Business Performance in Manufacturing Enterprises---Basing on the Perspective of Ambidextrous Competence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李巍

    2016-01-01

    The critical impacts of business model innovation (BMI) on business performance (BP) already arouse wide‐spread attention ,but the understanding on these relationships still need be deepened .On the perspective of ambidextrous competence ,this paper explores the internal relations of BM I and BP in manufacturing enterprises .Basing the empirical data collected from 192 manufacturing SMEs in China ,the findings show that efficiency centered BMI has an inverted U shaped relationship with BP because of efficiency boundary ,but novelty centered BMI has a U shaped relationship with BP on the account of novelty effects .Meanwhile ,the ambidextrous competence positively modulate the inverted U shaped re‐lationship of efficiency centered BMI and BP ,and the U shaped relationship of novelty centered BMI and BP .These con‐clusions deepen the comprehension on the relationship of BMI and BP ,and provide several managerial implications for manufacturing enterprises .%商业模式创新对经营绩效的积极效用得到了广泛关注,但对二者内在逻辑关系的认识仍需深化。基于双元能力视角,探讨制造型企业商业模式创新与经营绩效的内在联系,运用192家制造型中小企业数据分析发现,因效率边界作用,效率型商业模式创新与经营绩效呈倒 U型关系,而由于新颖效应,新颖型商业模式创新与经营绩效关系为 U 型;双元能力在效率型商业模式创新与经营绩效的倒 U 型关系,以及新颖型商业模式创新与经营绩效的 U 型关系中都发挥正向调节效应。

  2. Quality of Business, Entrepreneurship Education and Business Start-up Intentions among Students in Serbia: Research Results

    OpenAIRE

    Dragan Živko Ćoćkalo; Dejan Đorđević; Srđan Bogetić; Dragana Sajfert; Robert Minovski

    2013-01-01

    This paper will present findings of a research conducted among students in the Republic of Serbia dealing with quality of business, entrepreneurship and business start-ups. Throughout a three year period the research has included 1990 examinees. The population is built on students from four universities and business schools directed towards business and management. The research has been conducted using a structured questionnaire. Among other, the research has shown that a number of examinees ...

  3. Communicating climate change – Learning from business: challenging values, changing economic thinking, innovating the low carbon economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharina Kaesehage

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The risks and opportunities presented by climate change for Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs have been largely overlooked by previous research. The subsequent lack of knowledge in this field makes it difficult for SMEs to engage with climate change in a meaningful, profitable, and sustainable way. Further, current research cannot explain why SMEs rarely engage with climate change. We examine critically 30 SMEs, which engage with climate change knowledges and 5 Innovation-Support-Organizations (ISOs that communicate climate change knowledges. Over a three-year period we explore why and how these businesses approach the knowledge gap between climate change science and business practice, drawing on a variety of ethnographic research methods: (1 in-depth semi-structured and open interviews; (2 participant observations; and (3 practitioners’ workshops. The results demonstrate that business’ mitigation and adaptation strategies are lay-knowledge-dependent, derived from personal values, space, and place identity. To enhance the number of SMEs engaging with climate change, maximize the potential value of climate change for the econo- my and establish a low carbon economy, climate change communication needs to target personal values of business leaders. The message should highlight local impacts of climate change, the benefits of engagement to (the local society and economy, and possible financial benefits for the business. Climate change communication therefore needs to go beyond thinking about potential financial benefits and scientific evidence and challenge values, cultures, and beliefs to stimulate economic, political, and social frameworks that promote values-based decision-making.

  4. The ‘power’ of international business research

    OpenAIRE

    Jürgen Kai-Uwe Brock

    2003-01-01

    Statistical power is the probability of accepting the null hypothesis when it is false (type II error). This research note reports the results of a statistical power analysis of international business research published in the Journal of International Business Studies, Management International Review, the Academy of Management Journal, and the Strategic Management Journal from 1990 to 1999. The results show that, although average statistical power is high compared with other disciplines, it i...

  5. Using innovation and business models to analyse the organisational embedding of travel plans

    OpenAIRE

    Roby, Helen

    2010-01-01

    Workplace travel planning began in the UK in the early 1990s. With over ten years of experience in travel plans in the UK, this thesis demonstrates how they have developed, matured and the extent to which they have become embedded into the organisations working practices as a business management tool. This work is distinct from previous research, as it concentrates on the business perspective of travel plans, through a series of in depth interviews within organisations. These interviews w...

  6. Revelatory aspects when innovating the “as – is” business model – actualizing hidden knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saghaug, Kristin Margrethe; Lindgren, Peter

    This paper combines the area of innovation of business models (BM) and revelation. It explains the importance of discovering ones current, “as is” BM in relation to actualization of the company’s hidden knowledge and potential. The biblical revelations concern truly seeing, knowing and experience...... this as creating profound and meaningful relations (Pattison 2005;Tillich 1951). When one discovers the “as is” BM‘s potentials, it is revelatory in the sense that one is able to discover new potential relations and relate these to one’s future - “to be” business model. This is a participative act of knowing...... in line with Polanyi’s focus on practice related to knowing and also addressed directly by (Spender 2009a;Sveiby 2001;Weick 1996) or indirectly by (Roos et al. 2005). For the innovation leader of a company our empirical findings show that the discovering of one’s current business (model)’s “as is” seems...

  7. Study on The Development of The Group-Buying:A Secondary Business-Model Innovation Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xia; Yiwei

    2011-01-01

    Groupon group-buying business model promotes the development of e-commerce market in China.This group-buying model has obvious advantages.But it can be easily copied.There are thousands of group-buying websites,which are as much popular as Web 2.0and SNS entered China a few years ago.Although group-buying has been domestic only more than a year,it developed fast which has gradually changed the lifestyle of consumers and become a living habit.Therefore,it has great significance to study on the group-buying in the pattern of localization.We try to analyze the phenomena of local group-buying in Chinese market from business model innovation perspective,which has the impact on their competitive performance.We find that local group-buying sites get success through business model innovation.They clearly put forward the appropriate value proposition to attract customersattention with low-cost feature for specific target consumer groups.Moreover,they take advantage of their unique resources,integration of complementary assets to enhance the value of network systems.Thus,these latecomer e-commerce firms seize the opportunity to grow in emerging economies and have won a huge customer base.

  8. Open Innovation in Research Libraries-Myth or Reality?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scupola, Ada; Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh

    2010-01-01

    In this article we investigate open innovation in a non commercial setting: research libraries. The research questions are: Do academic libraries engage in open innovation processes? If so, what are the most important actors in e-services innovation and development and what is their role? By draw....... In particular collaboration with other Danish research libraries and governmental agencies are important in setting the visions and strategies for e-services innovations; users have a more limited role.......? By drawing on earlier research on open innovation, new product development and new service development a case study at Roskilde University Library is conducted. We found that research libraries are indeed engaging in open innovation, especially involving competitors, government agencies and users......In this article we investigate open innovation in a non commercial setting: research libraries. The research questions are: Do academic libraries engage in open innovation processes? If so, what are the most important actors in e-services innovation and development and what is their role...

  9. Research without borders: fostering innovative clinical research and implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xian, Ying; Peterson, Eric D

    2015-09-01

    Stroke remains one of the major killers worldwide. Addressing this epidemic will require combined efforts of researchers (bench, translational, clinical, epidemiologists, outcomes, and implementation scientists) as well as all forms of health care workers and policy experts. However, the translation of bench findings into bedside has been a challenge. Improved strategies for clinical research are needed to shorten the time required to translate bench findings into patient care. Large national or even globe stroke registries are uniquely positioned to advance the science by providing a rich data source for disease and post marketing surveillance, comparative effectiveness and safety research, and ultimately dissemination of clinical trials findings to routine clinical practice. Fostering innovative clinical research and implementation through international collaborations provides an unprecedented opportunity to tackle the globe of stroke. PMID:25973646

  10. Research of Innovation Diffusion on Industrial Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Yongtai Chen; Shouwei Li

    2014-01-01

    The real value of innovation consists in its diffusion on industrial network. The factors which affect the diffusion of innovation on industrial network are the topology of industrial network and rules of diffusion. Industrial network is a complex network which has scale-free and small-world characters; its structure has some affection on threshold, length of path, enterprise’s status, and information share of innovation diffusion. Based on the cost and attitude to risk of technical innovatio...

  11. Innovation Inducement Prizes: Connecting Research to Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Besharov, Douglas J.; Heidi L. Williams

    2012-01-01

    Innovation inducement prizes have been used for centuries. In the United States, a recent federal policy change—the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010—clarified and simplified a path by which all federal agencies can offer innovation inducement prizes, thus intensifying interest in how government agencies can most effectively design and apply such prizes. This paper aims to review and synthesize the academic literature on innovation inducement prizes, to clarify what has been learne...

  12. A Research Strategy for Investigating Business Process Management Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Gibson

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available We are witnessing a revolution in industry which, if successful, will change forever how business systems are developed and the type of staff required. This paradigm shift has only recently become possible as business process conceptual understanding evolved, technologies have matured and higher abstraction levels have become possible. Industry leads Business Processing Systems research as it has the strategic imperative and resources to be effective. Academic research is faced with three challenges: firstly, how to do effective research in an area of such broad scope, secondly, how to make research relevant to practice, thirdly how to spend limited resources effectively. This paper defines the research framework for effective academic research at the University of Wollongong by the Software Effective Process group. Effective research is enabled by co-ordinating research based on the primacy of the business model and its resultant effective representation in executable systems. The framework aims to build a core research team, promote strong synergy with existing research areas, and create academic and industry relevant research.. We report on the results to date of our pilot program and seek feedback and advice to help us refine our approach. A major Australian project is utilising a new software development lifecycle for ‘system of systems’ development which has arisen out of this research strategy. Later papers will report on both the theoretical basis and practical impacts of this work and other research by the group.

  13. Business development - the function, research propositions, and managerial implications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Hans Eibe

      The management literature reflects remarkable little effort to investigate the nature and consequences of firms' business development activities. This exploratory research aims at synthesizing the scholarly knowledge on the subject with field interviews with senior business developers...... and executives from high-tech firms and venture capitalists in North America, Asia, and Europe to provide a foundation for future research. Business development is an emerging staff function providing an added level of sophistication to the firms' overall strategic management with interesting performance...... implications. The business development function is typically found in progressive firms especially within high-tech industries, but is argued to become critical for all types of firms across industries wishing to grow and accumulate wealth. Research propositions and managerial implications are discussed....

  14. Innovativeness as an emergent property: a new alignment of comparative and experimental research on animal innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Andrea S

    2016-03-19

    Innovation and creativity are key defining features of human societies. As we face the global challenges of the twenty-first century, they are also facets upon which we must become increasingly reliant. But what makes Homo sapiens so innovative and where does our high innovation propensity come from? Comparative research on innovativeness in non-human animals allows us to peer back through evolutionary time and investigate the ecological factors that drove the evolution of innovativeness, whereas experimental research identifies and manipulates underpinning creative processes. In commenting on the present theme issue, I highlight the controversies that have typified this research field and show how a paradigmatic shift in our thinking about innovativeness will contribute to resolving these tensions. In the past decade, innovativeness has been considered by many as a trait, a direct product of cognition, and a direct target of selection. The evidence I review here suggests that innovativeness will be hereon viewed as one component, or even an emergent property of a larger array of traits, which have evolved to deal with environmental variation. I illustrate how research should capitalize on taxonomic diversity to unravel the full range of psychological processes that underpin innovativeness in non-human animals. PMID:26926287

  15. Development of the businesses through the companies for market research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agim Zuzaku

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Market research as the main part of the marketing is very important for the development of businesses as well as for the opportunity in the creation new jobs. The purpose of this paper is to provide the incentives for the businesses to conduct market research while justifying that the market research is an important factor in the decision making process of the businesses and it impacts the development of their business activities by creating a safe decision-making through market research. In order to convert successfully any business ideas with high capital incomes, it is important for the companies to understand and to determine the right value of their investment. For this particular reason, it is important to address the thesis about how the investment in the market research proves the usefulness or the profit for the company. Nowadays, the market research is not only conducted to gather the information about the market and the collection of data. However, very often it is used even to assist in the identification of the opportunities for the future (this has been referred several times as “market research” ‘to point out the difference from’ data collection’. Market research is priceless in the creation process of the new products, services, brands or advertisements (Keegan, 2009. In the case of Kosovo, market research has found very limited room within the strategies for business development. According to the Kosovo Statistics Agency, during 2013, a total of 9421 enterprises have been registered, whereas in total 1508 enterprises or 16 % of the enterprises registered in 2013 have closed (Kosovo Statistics Agency, 2014. In the framework of this research, we have performed a research with the companies that provide services for market research in order to find out how a market research in Kosovo is conducted and in case the number of market research is increased, how much would it impact the creation of new jobs.

  16. European research and innovation agenda for CBRN (ESRIF)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Busker, R.W.; Green,T.

    2010-01-01

    Late 2007 the European Commission launched an initiative to formulate a long-term vision on security challenges the EU is faced with. Thus, the European Security Research and Innovation Forum (ESRIF) was tasked to map out a security research and innovation agenda, to address: • Mid-term and long-ter

  17. Innovation Inducement Prizes: Connecting Research to Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besharov, Douglas J.; Williams, Heidi

    2012-01-01

    Innovation inducement prizes have been used for centuries. In the United States, a recent federal policy change--the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010--clarified and simplified a path by which all federal agencies can offer innovation inducement prizes, thus intensifying interest in how government agencies can most effectively design…

  18. Biomedical engineering: A platform for research and innovation in ultrasound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, Christy K.

    2001-05-01

    An undergraduate or graduate degree in biomedical engineering prepares students to solve problems at the interface between engineering and medicine. Biomedical engineering encompasses evolving areas such as advanced medical imaging for diagnosis and treatment of disease, tissue engineering for designing and manufacturing biological implants for damaged or diseased tissues and organs, and bioinformatics for determining which genes play a major role in health and disease. Biomedical engineering academic programs produce graduates with the ability to pursue successful careers in the biomedical device industry or to obtain advanced degrees leading to careers in biomedical engineering research, medicine, law or business. Biomedical engineering majors take courses in biology, anatomy, physics, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and medical product design and value life-long learning. Students learn to work effectively in interdisciplinary teams comprised of individuals with diverse social, cultural and technical backgrounds. Biomedical engineering is becoming increasingly important in imaging and image-guided research. Some examples of innovative ultrasound technology under development are ultrasound devices to accelerate the dissolution of blood clots, advanced surgical instruments with ultrasound guidance and ultrasound contrast agents for targeted drug delivery. Biomedical engineering is a great career choice for technically minded individuals who endeavor to work on applied problems that are medically relevant.

  19. Business incubation in a university as a key condition for the formation of innovational micro entrepreneurship in a region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatoliy Viktorovich Grebenkin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper substantiates the hypothesis of the special role of universities in creating an environment of innovational micro entrepreneurship in a region. The role of business incubators is allocated; the algorithm for selecting projects is described. The results of a three-year organizational and economic experiment (with the changing conditions on the functioning of the student business incubator in the Ural State University are shown. Various models of the selection of ideas and projects for different cycles of incubation areimplemented. A decision on theestablishment of the Entrepreneurship Center in theInstitute of Management and Entrepreneurship is made. The Center’s main task is to form a series of events to support continuous generation of students’ business ideas, finding resonant response with the University experts and representatives of business environment in the region. A student in the business incubation system plays a new role for a Russian university — a role of a catalyst, i.e., directly acts as an element of positive feedback in the innovational system. It is shown that the catalytic path of the establishment and development of small high-tech business — Science to Business (StB — leads to the phenomenon of resonance, i.e., sustainable innovation flow generated by the business incubator of the University. The poll of the USU students in 2009-2011 (a sample from 660 to 854 respondents confirmed their positive attitude towards entrepreneurship and allowed to estimate the structure of the factors that hamper to increase student participation in the innovational business. Three blocks of factors were identified: the reluctance to take risks, inaccessibility of material and financial resources and the turbulence of the environment. A system of monitoring students' attitudes towards entrepreneurship, which allows adjusting the curriculum and creating institutional conditions for activation of innovative entrepreneurship

  20. Towards a phronetic space for responsible research (and innovation)

    OpenAIRE

    Bardone, Emanuele; Lind, Marianne

    2016-01-01

    The term Responsible Research and Innovation has recently gained currency, as it has been designated to be a key-term in the European research framework Horizon 2020. At the level of European research policy, Responsible Research and Innovation can be viewed as an attempt to reach a broader vision of research and innovation as a public good. The current academic debate may be fairly enriched by considering the role that phronesis may have for RRI. Specifically, in this paper we argue that the...

  1. A mini-midwifery business institute in a midwifery professional roles course: an innovative teaching strategy for successful career planning and business management of practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jesse, D Elizabeth; Dewees, Connie; McDowell, William C

    2015-01-01

    It is essential to include teaching strategies in midwifery education that address career planning and the business aspects of practice. This article presents the Mini-Midwifery Business Institute (M-MBI), an innovative teaching strategy for midwives that can also be applied to other advanced practice professions. The M-MBI can be integrated into a professional roles course. Before and after graduation, midwifery students and other advanced practice professionals can use the information to gain confidence and skills for successful career planning and the business management of practice.

  2. INNOVATION IN THE EU CONTEXT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUNTEANU ALIN DANIEL

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A key role in developing business and public-private has innovation indicator that reflects the strengths of national research and innovation systems. A high average-innovation indicator reported in a million people indicate a good connection between science and business. Also, technology transfer is reflected by the indicator license/patent. These two indicators reflect the overall performance of a society that balance between research and innovation.

  3. THE ROLE OF KNOWLEDGE INNOVATION BUSINESS SERVICES IN SUPPORTING CREATIVE ”and” INOVATIVE CLUSTERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Christina SUCIU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to highlight the role of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS into supporting creative ”and” innovative clusters. The paper focuses on the analysis of Romanian clusters, by identifying first their members and by underlying later the importance of these highly important actors for the regional development. It is structured into three parts. The first part presents a brief literature review by highlighting the most important characteristics of the creative ”and” innovative clusters, and of the KIBS. In the second part the focus is on the analysis of creative ”and” innovative clusters, observing their structure and projects, with the purpose to illustrate their impact for regional development. In the last part, it is highlighted the link between the KIBS and the creative ”and” innovative clusters, emphasizing the essential strengths for the regional development strategy. In the end we present the main conclusions, underlying the novelty and the importance of the chosen topic for the Romanian economy.

  4. Radioecological Observatories - Breeding Grounds for Innovative Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steiner, Martin; Urso, Laura; Wichterey, Karin; Willrodt, Christine [Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz - BfS, Willy-Brandt-Strasse 5, 38226 Salzgitter (Germany); Beresford, Nicholas A.; Howard, Brenda [NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology - CEH, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Av., Bailrigg, Lancaster, LA1 4AP (United Kingdom); Bradshaw, Clare; Stark, Karolina [Stockholms Universitet - SU, Universitetsvaegen 10, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden); Dowdall, Mark; Liland, Astrid [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority - NRPA, P.O. Box 55, NO-1332 Oesteraas (Norway); Eyrolle- Boyer, Frederique; Guillevic, Jerome; Hinton, Thomas [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire - IRSN, 31, Avenue de la Division Leclerc, 92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France); Gashchak, Sergey [Chornobyl Center for Nuclear Safety, Radioactive Waste and Radioecology - Chornobyl Center, 77th Gvardiiska Dyviiya str.7/1, 07100 Slavutych (Ukraine); Hutri, Kaisa-Leena; Ikaeheimonen, Tarja; Muikku, Maarit; Outola, Iisa [Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority - STUK, P.O. Box 14, 00881 Helsinki (Finland); Michalik, Boguslaw [Glowny Instytut Gornictwa - GIG, Plac Gwarkow 1, 40-166 Katowice (Poland); Mora, Juan Carlos; Real, Almudena; Robles, Beatriz [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas - CIEMAT, Avenida complutense, 40, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Oughton, Deborah; Salbu, Brit [Norwegian University of Life Sciences - NMBU, P.O. Box 5003, NO-1432 Aas (Norway); Sweeck, Lieve [Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie/Centre d' Etude de l' Energie Nucleaire (SCK.CEN), Avenue Herrmann- Debroux 40, BE-1160 Brussels (Belgium); Yoschenko, Vasyl [National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine (NUBiP of Ukraine), Herojiv Obrony st., 15, Kyiv-03041 (Ukraine)

    2014-07-01

    Within the EC-funded (FP7) Network of Excellence STAR (Strategy for Allied Radioecology, www.star-radioecology.org) the concept of Radioecological Observatories is currently being implemented on a European level for the first time. Radioecological Observatories are radioactively (and chemically) contaminated field sites that will provide a focus for joint long-term radioecological research. The benefit of this innovative approach is to create synergistic research collaborations by sharing expertise, ideas, data and resources. Research at the Radioecological Observatories will primarily focus on radioecological challenges outlined in the Strategic Research Agenda (SRA). Mechanisms to use these sites will be established under the EC-funded project COMET (Coordination and Implementation of a Pan-European Instrument for Radioecology, www.comet-radioecology.org). The European Radioecological Observatory sites were selected using a structured, progressive approach that was transparent, consistent and objective. A first screening of potential candidate sites was conducted based on the following exclusion criteria: long-term perspective for shared field work and suitability for addressing the radioecological challenges of the SRA. The proposed sites included former uranium mining and milling sites in France and Germany, the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ) in Ukraine/Belarus and the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (USCB) in Poland. All candidate sites were prioritized based on evaluation criteria which comprised scientific issues, available infrastructure, administrative/legal constraints and financial considerations. Multi-criteria decision analysis, group discussions and recommendations provided by external experts were combined to obtain a preference order among the suggested sites. Using this approach, the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (USCB) in Poland and the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ) were selected as Radioecological Observatories. The two sites have similar multi

  5. INNOVATIVE TEACHING OF ENTREPRENEURS AS A WAY TO STIMULATE SOCIAL BUSINESS OF THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST ENTITIES OF THE CONTEMPORARY HISTORICAL STAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. K. PILILYAN

    2016-01-01

    development of social business, certain training of entrepreneurs is required as well as public informing of that business activity. These are the aspects which identify the feasibility and urgency of this research. Of interest is the experience of applying innovative educational techniques for entrepreneurs to teach them social business both at the federal level and in the Russian Far East.

  6. Qualitative Research: Emerging Opportunity in Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaytan, Jorge

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the research methods used in articles published in "The Delta Pi Epsilon Journal" and the "NABTE Review" between 2001 and 2005 to determine the extent to which qualitative research methodologies have been employed by researchers and the extent to which these research methodologies were clearly…

  7. Trends in International Business Research: Twenty-Five Years Later

    OpenAIRE

    Wright, Richard W.; David A Ricks

    1994-01-01

    International business (IB) research has made enormous strides in the quarter century since JIBS was inaugurated. This article reflects upon the development of IB research during that period. It first reviews the findings and recommendations of a comprehensive survey of the embryonic field of IB research, conducted twenty-five years ago. Several early trends identified then are discussed: the astonishing acceleration in the pace of IB research; the broadening of research activity across a gre...

  8. Family business entrepreneurship

    OpenAIRE

    Wright, Mike; De Massis, Alfredo; Scholes, Louise; Hughes, Mat; Kotlar, Josip

    2016-01-01

    This report investigates the depth and nature of entrepreneurship and innovation in family firms. It sets out the findings and recommendations from new research into the entrepreneurial orientation of private family firms in the UK, the drivers of this orientation, and the impact this has on innovation activity and financial performance. The project has been funded by the Institute for Family Business Research Foundation and conducted by researchers from three UK business schools – Imperial C...

  9. Editorial: E-Business and Information Systems Research - Towards a common research agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Li, F

    2007-01-01

    This special issue was born from a Workshop organized by the e-Business & e-Government Special Interest Group of the British Academy of Management (BAM), held on the 3rd-4th May at Brunel University Business School in London. The central theme of the workshop was on the relationship between e-Business and Information Systems (IS) research.

  10. Editorial: E-Business and Information Systems Research - Towards a common research agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li, F.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This special issue was born from a Workshop organized by the e-Business & e-Government Special Interest Group of the British Academy of Management (BAM, held on the 3rd-4th May at Brunel University Business School in London. The central theme of the workshop was on the relationship between e-Business and Information Systems (IS research.

  11. A methodology to promote business development from research outcomes in food science and technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo L. Cardoso

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Valorization of knowledge produced in research units has been a major challenge for research universities in contemporary societies. The prevailing forces have led these institutions to develop a “third mission”, the facilitation of technology transfer and activity in an entrepreneurial paradigm. Effective management of challenges encountered in the development of academic entrepreneurship and the associated valorization of knowledge produced by universities are major factors to bridge the gap between research and innovation in Europe.The need to improve the existing institutional knowledge valorization processes, concerning entrepreneurship and business development and the processes required were discussed.A case study was designed to describe the institutional knowledge valorization process in a food science and technology research unit and a related incubator, during a five year evaluation period that ended in 2012.The knowledge valorization processes benefited from the adoption of a structured framework methodology that led to ideas and teams from a business model generation to client development, in parallel, when possible, with an agile product/service development.Although academic entrepreneurship engagement could be improved, this case study demonstrated that stronger skills development was needed to enable the researcher to be more aware of business development fundamentals and therefore contribute to research decisions and the valorisation of individual and institutional knowledge assets. It was noted that the timing for involvement of companies in the research projects or programs varied with the nature of the research.

  12. Educational research methods for researching innovations in teaching, learning and assessment: The nursing lecturer as researcher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks-Maran, Diane

    2015-11-01

    The author, who has had previous experience as a nurse researcher, has been engaged in helping nurse lecturers to undertake evaluation research studies into innovations in their teaching, learning and assessment methods. In order to undertake this work successfully, it was important to move from thinking like a nurse researcher to thinking like an educational researcher and developing the role of the nursing lecturer as researcher of their teaching. This article explores the difference between evaluation and evaluation research and argues for the need to use educational research methods when undertaking evaluation research into innovations in teaching, learning and assessment. A new model for educational evaluation research is presented together with two case examples of the model in use. The model has been tested on over 30 research studies into innovations in teaching, learning and assessment over the past 8 years.

  13. Measuring Substance Use and Misuse via Survey Research: Unfinished Business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Timothy P

    2015-01-01

    This article reviews unfinished business regarding the assessment of substance use behaviors by using survey research methodologies, a practice that dates back to the earliest years of this journal's publication. Six classes of unfinished business are considered including errors of sampling, coverage, non-response, measurement, processing, and ethics. It may be that there is more now that we do not know than when this work began some 50 years ago.

  14. Initiating Service Encounter-based Innovation by Word-of-Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mattsson, Jan

    2015-01-01

    company is used. This paper includes a longitudinal study over 10 month’s duration. Findings – An organisational support system and an improved front-office innovation climate were set up which generated a new system for information gleaning. A framework of cognitive distance was induced from...... transcriptions of interviews and transcriptions. Research limitations/implications – Only one Scandinavian company and a limited number of informants were activated. Also, the time period only included the initiation phase of service encounter-based innovation. Practical implications – Three different strategies......Purpose – This paper aims to set up a natural experiment as action research and to develop a framework of cognitive distance of informants to improve the initiation of service encounter-based innovation. Design/methodology/approach – Natural experiment as action research in one Scandinavian case...

  15. The Research on the Position of City Commerciai bank Development and Business Innovation%城市商业银行发展定位及业务创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈欣

    2013-01-01

    我国城市商业银行经过近几年的快速发展,目前正渐入瓶颈期。广大城商行需转变盲目跟风的发展方式,找准自身定位,从实体和虚拟银行两方面进行实际业务操作的创新研究,包括发展社区银行,服务本地小微企业,建立高效自助银行网络,促进智能化网上银行发展,完善手机银行业务,推广虚拟银行卡。%After recent years of rapid development, domestic city commercial banks are now gradually entering the bottleneck. The major of city commercial banks need to shift blindly following the trend in the past development, accurately position itself and make inno-vations in both physical and virtual bank. Specific measures include developing the community banks, giving services of local small and micro enterprises, establishing a highly efficient self-service banking network, promoting the development of intelligent online banking, improving the mobile banking, launching the virtual bank card .

  16. Quality assurance as a managerial innovation: a research perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaluzny, A D

    1982-01-01

    Quality assurance is defined and concepts from innovation theory are applied to the study of quality assurance programs. Two distinct although not mutually exclusive perspectives on innovation are considered--the diffusion perspective, focusing on the innovation itself and its implementation, and the adoption perspective, highlighting factors characteristic of the adoption unit (i.e., the organization or individuals within it) that facilitate or impede the adoption process. Directions for future research are suggested. PMID:7118545

  17. The 1st Nordic Innovation Research Conference—Finnkampen

    OpenAIRE

    Haapasalo, H. (Harri); Iskanius, P. (Päivi)

    2007-01-01

    Abstract The 1st Nordic Innovation Research PhD Conference, "Finnkampen", held in December 2006 in Oulu, Finland, focuses on a wide field from Innovation Management, Entrepreneurship to the whole field of Industrial Engineering and Management representing the specific areas of interest: regional innovation systems; technology strategy thinking and planning; product concept development, product visions, product development and process development, and product launch; evaluation and assessme...

  18. Study of Annual Research Productivity in Indian Top Business Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Aithal, Sreeramana

    2016-01-01

    Institutional Ranking in higher educational institutions became common practice and business schools are highly benefitted by announced ranks based on various ranking criterions. The ranking is usually announced based on the criterions like pedagogy, placement salary, research output, faculty-student ratio, international linkage, management of technology, infrastructural facilities etc. Recently, we have developed a model of calculating research productivity of higher educational institution ...

  19. Gender Differences in Business Faculty's Research Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yining; Zhao, Qin

    2013-01-01

    The authors use expectancy theory to evaluate gender differences in key factors that motivate faculty to conduct research. Using faculty survey data collected from 320 faculty members at 10 business schools, they found that faculty members, both men and women, who displayed higher motivation were more productive in research. Among them, pretenured…

  20. Benefits of Collaborative Finance Research in Business Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kao, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Collaboration in business research provides outcomes and results that are more efficient than those due to individual efforts. The integration of diverse environments and disciplines often generates creative ideas. Collaboration increases the quality of research and effectiveness of discoveries, and promotes the dissemination of knowledge. Cases…