WorldWideScience

Sample records for business enterprises

  1. Social enterprise. Risky business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-15

    The skills needed to run a social enterprise are similar to those needed for conventional business. Accounts for social enterprises will have a 'double bottom line', showing social benefit as well as profit. Finding a good mentor is vital, as is setting out a clear vision and values in your business plan.

  2. Enterprise architecture for business success

    CERN Document Server

    Wijegunaratne, Inji; Evans-Greenwood, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Enterprise Architecture (EA) has evolved to become a prominent presence in today's information systems and technology landscape. The EA discipline is rich in frameworks, methodologies, and the like. However, the question of 'value' for business ;professionals remains largely unanswered - that is, how best can Enterprise Architecture and Enterprise Architects deliver value to the enterprise? Enterprise Architecture for Business Success answers this question. Enterprise Architecture for Business Success is primarily intended for IT professionals working in the area of Enterprise Architectu

  3. Minority Business Enterprises and Woman Business Enterprises Grant Utilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    The policy goal of the MBE/WBE Programs is to assure that minority business enterprises and woman business enterprises are given the opportunity to participate in contract and procurement for supplies, construction, equipment & services under any EPA grant

  4. Relating business modelling and enterprise architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meertens, Lucas Onno

    2013-01-01

    This thesis proposes a methodology for creating business models, evaluating them, and relating them to enterprise architecture. The methodology consists of several steps, leading from an organization’s current situation to a target situation, via business models and enterprise architecture. Current

  5. The BWS Open Business Enterprise System Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian IONITA

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Business process management systems play a central role in supporting the business operations of medium and large organizations. This paper analyses the properties current business enterprise systems and proposes a new application type called Open Business Enterprise System. A new open system architecture called Business Workflow System is proposed. This architecture combines the instruments for flexible data management, business process management and integration into a flexible system able to manage modern business operations. The architecture was validated by implementing it into the DocuMentor platform used by major companies in Romania and US. These implementations offered the necessary data to create and refine an enterprise integration methodology called DMCPI. The final section of the paper presents the concepts, stages and techniques employed by the methodology.

  6. Minority Business Enterprise/Women's Business Enterprise (MBE/WBE) overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    The data base allows Minority Business Enterprise/Women's Business Enterprise (MBE/WBE) Coordinators to input fair share goals negotiated by EPA and the recipient. This system also provides to all users the ability to see recipient fair share goals.

  7. The Cluster Enterprise of Real Property Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2008-01-01

    In order to apply the potential of available web technology, business processes must be described in a coherent way across organizational boundaries. Business processes include geographical data in the context of constructions, as well as environmental affairs and real property transactions, among...... others. The paper regards the domain of real property transactions. Drawing on research of European scope, it analyzes the framework of business processes in order to facilitate adoption of service oriented architectures. The paper motivates the notion of a ‘cluster enterprise' and identifies further...... steps towards a standardization of real estate business....

  8. Enterprise SOA Designing IT for Business Innovation

    CERN Document Server

    Woods, Dan

    2008-01-01

    Based on extensive research with experts from the German software company SAP, this definitive book is ideal for architects, developers, and other IT professionals who want to understand the technology and business relevance of enterprise SOA in a detailed way--especially those who want to move on the technology now, rather than in the next year or two.

  9. 78 FR 48468 - Hewlett Packard Company, Hewlett Packard Enterprise Business Unit, EG HP Storage, Enterprise...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... Employment and Training Administration Hewlett Packard Company, Hewlett Packard Enterprise Business Unit, EG HP Storage, Enterprise Storage, Servers and Networking Storage, APP Management, Research and..., Enterprise Storage, Servers and Networking Storage Division, APP Management, Research and Development...

  10. Early Sociology of the Business Enterprise: Max Weber's Theory of the Modern Business Enterprise in Economy and Society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jagd, Søren

    be explained as the unfolding of a sociological theory of the modern business enterprise. Some of the most important features of Weber’s theory of the modern business enterprise are presented. Weber points to the multidimensional institutional embeddedness of the modern business enterprise and to the crucial...... importance of ongoing tensions between formal and substantive rationality. Weber’s theory of the modern business enterprise in chapter 2 of Economy and Society may then be seen as an important but still unexplored early contribution to a sociological theory of the modern business enterprise....

  11. Elementwise Business Diagnosis of Enterprise Activity

    OpenAIRE

    Skrynkovskyy Ruslan M.

    2016-01-01

    The article presents methodological and indicator apparatus for elementwise business diagnosis of enterprise activity directed at achieving such elementwise diagnostic objectives: diagnosis of return on assets; diagnosis of return on equity capital; diagnosis of production profitability; diagnosis of gross profit margin of product sales; diagnosis of operating margin of product sales; diagnosis of net margin of product sales; diagnosis of absolute liquidity; diagnosis of ins...

  12. 26 CFR 53.4943-10 - Business enterprise; definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... classification of a business enterprise merely because it does not result in a profit. (2) Notwithstanding... equitable interest in such enterprise. Similarly, a lease-hold interest in real property does not constitute an interest in a business enterprise, even though rent payable under such lease is dependent,...

  13. Elementwise Business Diagnosis of Enterprise Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skrynkovskyy Ruslan M.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The article presents methodological and indicator apparatus for elementwise business diagnosis of enterprise activity directed at achieving such elementwise diagnostic objectives: diagnosis of return on assets; diagnosis of return on equity capital; diagnosis of production profitability; diagnosis of gross profit margin of product sales; diagnosis of operating margin of product sales; diagnosis of net margin of product sales; diagnosis of absolute liquidity; diagnosis of instant liquidity; diagnosis of overall liquidity; diagnosis of coverage; diagnosis of financial independence; diagnosis of equity capital maneuverability; diagnosis of financial leverage; diagnosis of the long-term investment structure; diagnosis of accounts payable turnover; diagnosis of the accounts payable repayment period, diagnosis of receivables turnover; diagnosis of receivables repayment period; diagnosis of assets turnover; diagnosis of inventories turnover; diagnosis of the inventories turnover period; diagnosis of equity capital turnover; diagnosis of fixed assets turnover (return on assets; diagnosis of capital coefficient; diagnosis of the ratio of output value to the materials cost; diagnosis of material consumption; diagnosis of the total production cost; diagnosis of enterprise market share; diagnosis of fixed assets wear; diagnosis of fixed assets renewal; diagnosis of fixed assets retirement; performance diagnosis; diagnosis of labor intensity, diagnosis of the capital-labour ratio; diagnosis of efficiency; diagnosis of conducting the business; diagnosis of business relations; diagnosis of administrative-legal relations; diagnosis of knowledge management. The elementwise diagnostic objectives of the enterprise system of diagnostic objectives are aimed at a narrow highly detailed diagnostics of individual indicators of the enterprise activity, i.e. the evaluation of specific analytical indicators,monitoring (research of their dynamics, comparison of the planned

  14. 76 FR 5083 - Disadvantaged Business Enterprise: Program Improvements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-28

    ... generally), not absolute deprivation. People who own successful businesses are more affluent, by and large... Office of the Secretary 49 CFR Part 26 RIN 2105-AD75 Disadvantaged Business Enterprise: Program... administration of the Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (DBE) program by increasing accountability for...

  15. Business Spoken English Learning Strategies for Chinese Enterprise Staff

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Han Li

    2013-01-01

    This study addresses the issue of promoting effective Business Spoken English of Enterprise Staff in China.It aims to assess the assessment of spoken English learning methods and identify the difficulties of learning English oral expression concerned business area.It also provides strategies for enhancing Enterprise Staff’s level of Business Spoken English.

  16. Quality Business Service Provider in Community Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chalard Chantarasombat

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The development of community enterprises focuses on the development of service providers for commercial industries and community enterprises and it is necessary to create and extend the development according to the changing global conditions. The department of industrial promotion and industry promotion center region 5, Khon Kaen must create and develop the quality of service providers in community enterprises as an exclusive course to find a model and development guideline in effective operations that is efficient and appropriate according to the particular community. Approach: The objectives of this research were: (1 to recruit and select at least 15 individuals to participate in the training of service providers in community enterprise in Kalasin province. (2 To define the structure, content, create a curriculum and development of service providers in community enterprise. (3 To develop the participants basic skills training, create motivation, learning experience through on the job training and business management and capability in the diagnosing the cause of problems. (4 To develop the participants understanding of community product standards and provide advice and consultation on the preparation and application of manufacturing standard certification of community products, community enterprise management and provide advice in the implementation of management standards of community enterprises. (5 Satisfaction of the participants training in service providers in community enterprise. Results: 29 people applied for the training program and 26 passed evaluation which was higher than the target of 15 individuals. The theoretical training courses prior to the training had an overall average of 5.06 and after the training had an average of 15.80, the average progress was 10.74. The exercise training through on the job training was regarded as a vocational skill and hand an average of 5.27 before the training. After the

  17. Business Enterprise Value in Shopping Malls: An Empirical Test

    OpenAIRE

    Fisher, Jeffrey D.; George H. Lentz

    1990-01-01

    This paper discusses the economic basis for the existence of business enterprise value in a shopping mall. The existence of business enterprise value in a mall is then tested by examining the rent paid by existing tenants on a lease renewal vs. that paid by new tenants for otherwise identical space. The hypothesis that there is no difference in rents between renewals and new tenants can be rejected. This suggests that with each lease renewal there is a marginal increase in business enterprise...

  18. ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE – NEW BUSINESS VALUE PERSPECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. De Vries

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Organisations today are characterised by conglomerate organisation structures that evolve through mergers and acquisitions. Corporate offices need to add superior knowledge and skills to ensure that the collection of diverse businesses is operating as more than independent units. A new management approach is required to create synergies between the diverse businesses, their processes and system landscapes. Enterprise Architecture (EA creates value on a corporate level by facilitating process/information technology alignment and synergy between different strategic business units (SBUs. Unfortunately many EA implementations seemed to fail owing to a short-term financial focus and measurement.
    This article explores the possibilities of linking EA to a corporate balanced scorecard (BSC to demonstrate its long-term financial improvement capabilities in supporting the business strategy. The aim is to use the corporate BSC context to direct EA objectives in creating contextualised value for a specific enterprise.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Organisasies word vandag gekenmerk deur konglomeraatorganisasiestrukture wat groei deur middel van die samesmelting en oorname van ander organisasies. Korporaatkantore sal hoër-staande kennis en vaardighede moet toevoeg om te verseker dat die versameling van diverse besighede groter is as wanneer hul onafhanklik van mekaar opereer. ’n Nuwe bestuursbenadering word benodig om sinergieë tussen die diverse besighede, hul prosesse en stelsel-landskappe te skep. Ondernemingsargitektuur (OA skep waarde op ’n korporatiewe vlak deur die fasilitering van proses/inligtingtegnologiebelyning en sinergie-skepping tussen verskillende strategiese besigheidseenhede. Ongelukkig faal vele OA projekte weens ’n kort-termyn finansiële fokus en prestasie-meting.
    Hierdie artikel ondersoek die moontlikheid om OA te koppel aan ’n korporatiewe gebalanseerde telkaart (KBT om sodanig OA se lang

  19. Uncertainty, Conventions and Co-ordination in the Business Enterprise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jagd, Søren

    The paper presents the basic propositions of convention theory with special consideration to the analysis of uncertainty, the role of institutions and conventions, and the implications this perspective has for the analysis of the business enterprise......The paper presents the basic propositions of convention theory with special consideration to the analysis of uncertainty, the role of institutions and conventions, and the implications this perspective has for the analysis of the business enterprise...

  20. Making Training Core Business: Enterprise Registered Training Organisations in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Erica; Smith, Andy

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the Australian phenomenon of Enterprise Registered Training Organizations (RTOs). These are organizations that do not have training as their main business but that are accredited to deliver training and award qualifications, primarily to their own workers. Although Enterprise RTOs have been in existence in one form or another…

  1. APPLICATION OF INDICATORS BUSINESS PROCESSES FOR ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yakhontova I. M.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The formation of a system of indicators for assessing the performance of the business processes of the enterprise is one of the most actual and modern directions of increase of efficiency of activity of the enterprise. The system of indicators should be developed in accordance with the specifics of company's activity, its strategic goals and available resources. Consideration of the process of developing a system of indicators of business processes on a specific example of an industrial enterprise allows not only to evaluate the operation of departments in terms of running processes, but also to develop a list of measures to improve the efficiency of functions execution of business processes. The work presents theoretical information, the development of a system of indicators of business processes within the selected areas using this method of process optimization. The initial stage of the work on the development and evaluation of a system of indicators of business processes was made by enterprise characteristics, description of its organizational structure and core activities. The article considers the indicators of process, product and satisfaction of customers in terms of cost, time and technical performance. For example, the business process that best reflects the specifics of the enterprise, the process of developing a system of indicators and presented conclusions, and developed recommendations and actions for the application of the system of indicators of business processes

  2. Business process of reputation management of food industry enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derevianko Olena. H.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the article is development of the methodical base of reputation management directed at formalisation of theoretical provisions and explanation how to organise reputation management at food industry enterprises. The article shows prospectiveness of use of the Business Process Management concept in reputation management. Using the diagram of the Reputation Management business process environment the article shows its key participants (suppliers and clients of the business process and identifies their place in formation of the enterprise reputation. It also shows that the reputation management should be considered a business process of the highest level of management. Construction of the flow structure of the Reputation Management business process allows uncovering the logic of interrelation of inlets and outlets within the framework of the specified main stages of the business process: assessment of the current state of reputation, collection of information about stakeholders, identification of PR strategy goals, planning of necessary resources, realisation of the PR strategy, assessment of efficiency and process monitoring. The article offers the flow, functional and organisational structures of the Reputation Management business process for food industry enterprises. Moreover, justification of functional and organisational structures of the Reputation Management business process gives a possibility to distribute functions of reputation management between specific executors and establish responsibility for each stage of the business process.

  3. Identification of Business Informatics Specifics in Agricultural Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Kubata

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Presented paper deals with analysis and identification of business informatics specifics in agricultural enterprises in the Czech Republic farming at land of size up to 500 hectares. The study is based on thorough review of literature about latest issues in agriculture business informatics. There is a follow up to certain results of previous research on business informatics in agriculture that was conducted by authors in 2013. The analysis has brought findings that business informatics has several peculiarities that must be regarded in informatics implementation and innovation. Those are common economic and organisational effects and further aspects typical for the agriculture such as climate, local conditions and seasonal nature of production.

  4. 75 FR 5535 - Participation by Disadvantaged Business Enterprises in Department of Transportation Financial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-03

    ...--PARTICIPATION BY DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS ENTERPRISES IN DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE... Office of the Secretary 49 CFR Part 26 RIN 2105-AD76 Participation by Disadvantaged Business Enterprises in Department of Transportation Financial Assistance Programs AGENCY: Office of the Secretary...

  5. Factors for Motivating Women in Small Business and Micro Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Pandi S. Jagadees

    2011-01-01

    The present study is an empirical in nature and examines the major motivational factor for business. The study has been conducted in Coimbatore District, India. The women entrepreneurs, who belong to Self Help Groups (SHG) are the sample respondents. A total of 450 sample respondents have been randomly selected and the analysis have been carried out across the field of activities of women entrepreneurs in small business and micro enterprises viz, Among the Ten motivational factors for choice,...

  6. Production and Business Operation of Enterprises Are Improving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Department of Research, State Electricity Regulato; Ye Qing

    2007-01-01

    @@ Power grid operation and management In 2006,the national total revenue of power supply business amounted to 1299.242 billion Yuan,21.66%higher than that of last year:the total profits amounted to 52.035 billion Yuan;workers employed in power enterprises amounted to 1232.4 thousand.

  7. Enterprise Architecture as a Way of Synchronizing Enterprise Resource Planning Systems and Business Processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansson, Björn; Holst, Philip; Henningsson, Stefan

    2009-01-01

    A major question for contemporary organizations is how to support business processes with ICT. One way to do so is by the adoption of a standardized software package such as enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. However, this demands that either the system is adjusted to existing business...... processes or that the business processes are adjusted to the system’s inherited processes, often described as an alignment problem. This paper suggests that instead of alignment, organization-technology synchronization would be better, since an organization’s business processes as well as the technology...

  8. Electronic Business Helps Middle & Small Enterprises Develop International Trade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎裕华

    2012-01-01

    Under the influence of the financial crisis, our international trade faces very serious challenge. During such a difficult period, electronic business brings us some new hope. Electronic business optimizes traditional process, saves large number of manpower and assets, decreases cost, breaks through the limit of time and space, makes deals more convenient and shortcut and strongly boosts efficiency. Our middle and small enterprises should make full use of such a tool of electronic business to hit out the international market actively, search more trading opportunities and living spaces and smoothly bridge such a difficult period due to the financial crisis.

  9. Collaborative Engineering of Inter-Enterprise Business Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunter Teichmann

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Enterprise 2.0 and cloud computing are two of the last years most popular topics. Researchers and Business Analysts see great opportunities and potential for a kind of business application revolution. Unfortunately the revolution has not started yet due to different reasons – for example the lack of concepts for integrating new ideas into the already known principles. We are convinced that combining the power of cloud computing with principles of social networking and methodology of business engineering will open new horizons for the global value creation. This paper describes a concept how cloud computing technology can be used to support new ways of inter-enterprise collaboration using the example of logistics.

  10. Semantic Extraction for Multi-Enterprise Business Collaboration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Hongjun; FAN Yushun

    2009-01-01

    Semantic extraction is essential for semantic interoperability in multi-enterprise business collabo-ration environments. Although many studies on semantic extraction have been carried out, few have focused on how to precisely and effectively extract semantics from multiple heterogeneous data schemas. This paper presents a semi-automatic semantic extraction method based on a neutral representation format (NRF) for acquiring semantics from heterogeneous data schemas. As a unified syntax-independent model, NRF re-moves all the contingencies of heterogeneous data schemas from the original data environment. Conceptual extraction and keyword extraction are used to acquire the semantics from the NRF. Conceptual extraction entails constructing a conceptual model, while keyword extraction seeks to obtain the metadata. An industrial case is given to validate the approach. This method has good extensibility and flexibility. The results show that the method provides simple, accurate, and effective semantic intereperability in multi-enterprise busi-ness collaboration environments.

  11. Holonic Business Process Modeling in Small to Medium Sized Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Budi Mulyono

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Holonic modeling analysis which is the application of system thinking in design, manage, and improvement, is used in a novel context for business process modeling. An approach and techniques of holon and holarchies is presented specifically for small and medium sized enterprise process modeling development. The fitness of the approach is compared with well known reductionist or task breakdown approach. The strength and weaknesses of the holonic modeling is discussed with illustrating case example in term of its suitability for an Indonesia’s small and medium sized industry. The novel ideas in this paper have great impact on the way analyst should perceive business process. Future research is applying the approach in supply chain context.Key words: Business process, holonic modeling, operations management, small to medium sized enterprise

  12. Predefined three tier business intelligence architecture in healthcare enterprise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Meimei

    2013-04-01

    Business Intelligence (BI) has caused extensive concerns and widespread use in gathering, processing and analyzing data and providing enterprise users the methodology to make decisions. Different from traditional BI architecture, this paper proposes a new BI architecture, Top-Down Scalable BI architecture with defining mechanism for enterprise decision making solutions and aims at establishing a rapid, consistent, and scalable multiple applications on multiple platforms of BI mechanism. The two opposite information flows in our BI architecture offer the merits of having the high level of organizational prospects and making full use of the existing resources. We also introduced the avg-bed-waiting-time factor to evaluate hospital care capacity.

  13. Township Enterprise Gets the Knack of Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    AS the 1994 Yilong Clothing Fabric Exhibition came to a close, a group of models clustered around Yao Derong on the runway. Yao is board chairman and general manager of the Yilong Group in Jiangsu Province. As an entrepreneur living in China’s ancient silk town of Shengze, south of the Changjiang River, he has led his people to break into the fashion industry with their synthetic silk fabrics and has won fame as the "king of synthetic silk." His once-unknown enterprise has benefited the country’s textile trade. In the past, when garment designers have cast their eyes toward the fabric market, they have been disappointed that domestic fabrics could not meet their designing needs. Yao sensed their

  14. SYSTEM OF BUSINESS-PROCESSES MANAGEMENT AT MOTOR-TRANSPORT ENTERPRISE

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The place of the system of business-processes management at motor-transport enterprise in the general system of management of the enterprise has been substantiated. The subsystems of strategic management, business-processes management of strategic orientation and current activity, processes of enterprise functioning management have been marked out. The system of motor-transport enterprise business-processes management has been formed, which, unlike the existing ones, is based on the system-cy...

  15. 76 FR 2662 - National Advisory Council for Minority Business Enterprise; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-14

    ... introduction of council members. 2. Council orientation and Ethics Briefing. 3. Discussion of NACMBE priorities... Minority Business Development Agency National Advisory Council for Minority Business Enterprise; Meeting AGENCY: Minority Business Development Agency (MBDA), Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of an...

  16. Towards the Extended Enterprise in Project Business

    CERN Document Server

    Hameri, A P; Viitala, M

    2000-01-01

    This paper studies the evolution of engineering information systems towards full support of distributed operations in project business. The results reported are based on an industrial project called Connecting Distributed Competencies (CoDisCo). With multiple industrial collaborators the project brings together project management, Internet and the construction of complex products. The aim of the project is to outline the best practices, both managerial and tool-wise, on how to connect distributed partners and their competencies in such a way that the end-product is delivered in time, with right quality, reliable documentation and within the planned budget frame. From the cases ranging from complex scientific instrumentation to traditional industries such as shipbuilding it becomes evident that modern communication systems can improve efficiency and reduce mistakes, yet they do not make well-allocated face-to- face reviews with collaborating parties obsolete. It is also reported that despite the sophisticated ...

  17. Managing Innovation and Business Development Using Enterprise Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben; Bækgaard, Lars

    2011-01-01

    Companies are traditionally facing constant challenges in prioritization and management of technology between short and long term. Competing technologies, market demands, supplier push, scarcity of resources, adequacy of skills, and shifting management priorities all affect potential outcome...... of well planned technological changes. Management of technology (MOT) addresses identification, selection, (long term) planning, designing, implementation and operation of technology based business development. Information Technology (IT) is a key enabler for a vast range of contemporary corporate...... technologies. In management of IT, it has become increasingly popular to use Enterprise Architecture (EA) as a method and supported by a series of formal frameworks. EA maps artifacts and motives against the business strategy. In this paper, MOT and EA are reviewed for their mutual potentials and issues. Two...

  18. 77 FR 68734 - Meeting of the National Advisory Council on Minority Business Enterprise

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-16

    ... discuss and deliberate on final recommendations to accelerate the growth of minority-owned businesses in... Minority Business Development Agency Meeting of the National Advisory Council on Minority Business Enterprise AGENCY: Minority Business Development Agency, U.S. Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of...

  19. Strategy evaluation of industrial enterprises in business process reengineering in manufacturing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.M. Taraniuk

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The article discusses the issues of strategic evaluation of the industrial enterprises in reengineering business processes in production at the project level. The aim of the article is to improve methods of strategic assessment of an industrial enterprise, which aims to study the positive and negative aspects of the business process reengineering of industrial enterprise in the future. The results of the analysis. Author improved SWOT-analysis of business process reengineering, which is the clustering of business processes in the spheres of management of industrial enterprise and the development of appropriate indicators of economic data clusters. It is calculated the resulting weighted evaluation during SWOT-analysis of business process reengineering of industrial engineering industry. It was conducted the rank estimation of SWOT-analysis components of business process reengineering industry. The coefficients of concordance of Kendel defect components SWOT-analysis of business process reengineering. It is formed matrix interactions strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats during reengineering of business processes at industrial plants (project level. Conclusions and directions of further researches. The scientific value of advanced methodological tools is systematizing of business processes for activities of industrial enterprises in conducting SWOT- analysis of business process reengineering. Later these methodological tools can be supplemented by other methods of strategic evaluation of the company, such as 111-555, LOTS, PIMS-analysis.

  20. Model of Formation of the Enterprise Business Portfolio in the Context of Ensuring Strategic Flexibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shatilova Olena V.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article considers urgent problems of enterprise management under conditions of external environment instability, studies problems of the enterprise strategic flexibility management. It shows that one of the efficient mechanisms of ensuring strategic flexibility is restructuring of the enterprise business portfolio in accordance with the change of the situation in the target market of enterprise functioning. The goal of the article is development of a model of formation of enterprise business portfolio in the context of ensuring strategic flexibility. The main method of optimisation of the enterprise business portfolio in the context of ensuring strategic flexibility is the use of modification of the Markowitz model of investment portfolio formation. The offered model of the enterprise business portfolio formation allows taking into account changes of external and internal environments and conducting portfolio restructuring in the event of the change of the enterprise target market situation. Prospects of further studies in this direction are detailed elaboration and formalisation of the organisational and economic mechanism of realisation of strategic flexibility at an enterprise.

  1. Culture, Organizational Learning and Selected Employee Background Variables in Small-Size Business Enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Carroll M.; Nafukho, Fredrick Muyia

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between four independent variables educational level, longevity, type of enterprise, and gender and the dependent variable culture, as a dimension that explains organizational learning readiness in seven small-size business enterprises. Design/methodology/approach: An exploratory…

  2. Developing the Business Model – a Methodology for Virtual Enterprises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tølle, Martin; Vesterager, Johan

    2003-01-01

    This chapter presents a methodology to develop Virtual Enterprises (VEs). This Virtual Enterprise Methodology (VEM) outlines activities to consider when setting up and managing virtual enterprises. As a methodology the VEM helps companies to ask the right questions when preparing for, and setting...

  3. The application of business process re-engineering in Chinese enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘全顺; 刘利军; 关小吉

    2002-01-01

    After joining in WTO,Chinese enterprises face more intense competitive environments. The problems, such as many foreign capital enterprises swarming into China, increasing market competitive ability, keeping on national and international market, have become more serious to enterprises decision-maker. At the same time, the information technology is developing quickly, then business process re-engineering will become valid path for enterprise increasing market competitive ability. As a case study, this paper applies Business Process Re-engineering(BPR) approach to analyze a Chinese company.

  4. Measuring Business Process Learning with Enterprise Resource Planning Systems to Improve the Value of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monk, Ellen F.; Lycett, Mark

    2016-01-01

    Enterprise Resource Planning Systems (ERP) are very large and complex software packages that run every aspect of an organization. Increasingly, ERP systems are being used in higher education as one way to teach business processes, essential knowledge for students competing in today's business environment. Past research attempting to measure…

  5. Enterprise education policy future directions: experiences and suggestions on family business education

    OpenAIRE

    Kansikas, Juha; Birdthistle, Naomi; Karjalainen, Kari; Solankallio, Tytti; Niemelä, Margit

    2010-01-01

    peer-reviewed The aim of this policy paper is to describe the current role of academic family enterprise education in Finland. Family business centers and family business programmes have been started around the world to offer education for family entrepreneurs and next generation members. MBAs, master’s degrees in science, and other degrees are offered for key members of the family businesses. At the same time, we are having a debate on are entrepreneurs born or made? The role of entrepren...

  6. Barriers to financing small and medium business enterprises in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wioletta Czemiel-Grzybowska

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The access to finance is indispensable for the efficient allocation of capital and the enterprise development. However, when compared with large enterprises, small and medium enterprises face many difficulties when pursuing to procure financial resources, which are due to several causes, including: the unstable and inadequate juridical and legislative framework, which does not support the relationship between capital providers and the enterprises that require financing, incomplete information and even lack of information from the part of both capital providers and enterprises, which prevents the development of normal and efficient relations between them; lack of a credit history and insufficient guarantees for creditors, especially in the case of the small and young firms; limited and, sometimes, inadequate range of financing products.

  7. The balanced business portfolio evaluation procedure at industrial enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.Yu. Yavorska

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to identify marketing aspects of balanced business portfolio evaluation; to form its procedure, which includes set of certain steps; to prove expediency of strategic business units integration into balanced business directions.The results of the analysis. The main marketing features of business portfolio evaluation process were shown in the article. It was emphasized, that market correlation between business portfolio components is strongly needed to be mentioned during its balance estimation. It was justified, that one of the most effective ways to investigate this correlation correctly is based on identification of business portfolios components. We mentioned that according to modern market conditions, business portfolio can include not only just strategic business units (SBU, but also its supporting market activities, which add value to the main SBUs. Third product level was given as an example of supporting marketactivities.Therefore, the procedure of balanced business portfolio evaluation was suggested, which includes five steps. On the first step distinguishing of SBUs and supporting market activities is proposed. For that issue set of criteria was suggested, according to which it is possible to come to the conclusion which type goes to each portfolio component. On the next stage, competitiveness and market attractiveness estimation for each portfolio component was lead, using traditional portfolio matrixes (BCG, GE/McCinsey, Shell/DPM, ADL/LC, etc.. The balance of business portfolio (which includes separately taken SBUs is evaluated. For that point, BSC method is commonly used. On the third step, the model of creation business directions is given. It includes the relationships nature investigation between all business portfolio components, which gives an answer whether it is appropriate to create business directions based on existing portfolio components or not. It gives the type of

  8. An Emerging Model of Business: Enterprise and Catholic Social Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellano, Joseph F.; Forlani, Victor

    2008-01-01

    The challenge for faculty teaching in Catholic Business Schools is how to integrate the University's Catholic heritage and tradition into the core business curriculum. Such integration is necessary if schools of business are to provide their students with a distinctive educational experience. The Living Asset Stewardship (LAS) philosophy of…

  9. Event processing for business organizing the real-time enterprise

    CERN Document Server

    Luckham, David C

    2011-01-01

    Find out how Events Processing (EP) works and how it can workfor you Business Event Processing: An Introduction and StrategyGuide thoroughly describes what EP is, how to use it, and howit relates to other popular information technology architecturessuch as Service Oriented Architecture. Explains how sense and response architectures are being appliedwith tremendous results to businesses throughout the world andshows businesses how they can get started implementing EPShows how to choose business event processing technology tosuit your specific business needs and how to keep costs of adoptingit

  10. Business Networking and Performance of Women-Led Enterprises: An Empirical Investigation in Nairobi County, Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    jane queen omwenga

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Women entrepreneurs have been considered to use business networking as a determinant to enterprise performance. A key question that arises is –Does networking determine the performance of women-owned SMEs in Nairobi County? A survey was carried out among the women across the County. The sample comprised of 158 small and medium women entrepreneurs. Data was subjected to computer aided statistical analysis that included descriptive statistic, ANOVA and regression techniques. The results revealed that networking is a determinant of performance of the women-owned enterprises. The P-value of 0.000 (Less than 0.05 implies that the model of networking on performance of the enterprises is significant at the 95% confidence level. It is recommended that there is need for women entrepreneurs to form business networks with other entrepreneurs so as to improve their enterprise performance. Further conclusive research should also be conducted to include other variables.

  11. 企业多元化经营的业务选择%Business Choice of Enterprises' Diversification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦拯

    2005-01-01

    The strategy of diversification has become an important approach to enterprise development. A successful diversification strategy depends mainly on the correct business choice. Before choosing a new business, we must identify the core competencies of the enterprise and research the attraction and critical success factors of the target business. Then we should make sure whether the core competencies match the critical success factors or not.The new business should be useful for cultivating sustainable competitive advantage.

  12. PERFORMANCE-DRIVEN BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGY FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZED-ENTERPRISES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang Hongtao; Tang Renzhong

    2004-01-01

    Based on the analysis of the common limitations of business process management (BPM) methodologies and the requirements of small and medium sized-enterprises (SMEs), the importance of a "performance construct" of BPM methodologies is identified, a six-phase performance-driven BPM methodology for the production and operation processes of Chinese SMEs is developed. A case study on the process management of a medium-sized enterprise shows a successful example of running the methodology.

  13. Scenario analysis in business model choosing for instrument-making enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye.V. Krykavskyi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of this study is to develop the selection technology of the enterprise business model in conditions of market dynamism and uncertainty, as well as testing of this technology at a specific enterprise according to the method of situational analysis. The results of the analysis. Economic development of modern markets is characterized by the fact that almost all the enterprises experience significant dynamics and a high degree of entropy, which complicates the decision-making process. As the basic unit of the economy, the enterprise should respond correctly to new objective challenges, including: instability of global financial markets, business intellectualization and acceleration of scientific-technological progress with simultaneous strengthening of environmental demands to economic systems, increasing of competition and its transition to a global level, rapid change of consumer demands and individualization of consumer proposal, increased attention to corporate responsibility towards society and so on. Obviously, the important task of modern enterprises becomes a justification of business organization model, which is selected in accordance with the established potential and the aforementioned challenges. The authors have developed a selection technology of the enterprise business model, which involves the combination of scenarios use, strategic alternatives matrix, SWOT-analysis and the method of «decisions tree» during the implementation of the following steps: - generating of alternative scenarios of enterprise business models with the help of strategic alternatives matrix. Previously prepared analytical materials are used in the preparation of scenarios. Creating a scenario involves the following steps: determining a time interval formulation of the events, verbal interpretation of their essence, their quantitative assessment; - choosing the type of scenarios and scenarios selection criteria for business

  14. Business Incubators – Favorable Environment for Small and Medium Enterprises Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camelia MORARU

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The biggest problem for many small and medium enterprises (SMEs is not the idea or the product provided and neither its customers, but their needs. High prices of production and office space are critical to the survival of a small business. Incubators come as a response to the needs of small and medium enterprises in key steps of a business, such as initiation and market penetration. An incubator aims to have a positive effect on the economic health of an area, of a community.

  15. Business process reengineering in the centralization of the industrial enterprises management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.I. Chukhray

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. One of the important strategic directions of the powerful independent state with a stable economy is the development of the national economy, which requires the use of new upgraded tools that will enable to redesign and improve the production and management activities of the enterprise and make it more productive and competitive, while providing the economy of the financial, labor and other resources. However, this presupposes the use of partial restructuring and in some cases complete restructuring of the business processes. The aim of the article is to study business processes reengineering features at domestic enterprises and the development of business processes centralization algorithm on the example of JSC «Concern-Electron». To achieve this goal, the research identifies the following objectives: to summarize the main approaches to the business processes reengineering on the basis of centralization; to characterize the main stages in the reengineering implementation at industrial enterprise; to propose the selection mechanism of the subsidiary business processes for reengineering; to determine the algorithm of the business processes management centralization. The results of the analysis. The paper summarizes main approaches to business process reengineering based on the centralization; undertakes the characteristic advantages of its use at the industrial enterprises; proposes the stages of reengineering for Ukrainian industrial enterprises. Business process reengineering improves the efficiency of work organization at the JSC «Concern- Electron»: a generalized approach to the centralization of the industrial enterprise management, the algorithm of the business process management centralization that includes identification of the business processes that are duplicated; business process selection for the reengineering using the fuzzy set theory; making managerial decisions on reengineering. Conclusions and

  16. Extending enterprise architecture modelling with business goals and requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelsman, Wilco; Quartel, Dick; Jonkers, Henk; van Sinderen, Marten

    2011-02-01

    The methods for enterprise architecture (EA), such as The Open Group Architecture Framework, acknowledge the importance of requirements modelling in the development of EAs. Modelling support is needed to specify, document, communicate and reason about goals and requirements. The current modelling techniques for EA focus on the products, services, processes and applications of an enterprise. In addition, techniques may be provided to describe structured requirements lists and use cases. Little support is available however for modelling the underlying motivation of EAs in terms of stakeholder concerns and the high-level goals that address these concerns. This article describes a language that supports the modelling of this motivation. The definition of the language is based on existing work on high-level goal and requirements modelling and is aligned with an existing standard for enterprise modelling: the ArchiMate language. Furthermore, the article illustrates how EA can benefit from analysis techniques from the requirements engineering domain.

  17. BARRIERS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF E-BUSINESS TECHNOLOGIES IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMEs IN PAKISTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwar Ali Shah G. SYED

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The current research investigates the Barriers in implementation of E-Business Technologies in Small and Medium enterprises (SMEs in Pakistan. Data were collected from 2000 respondents by using simple random technique. A structural questionnaire was developed for the data collection and reliability and validity of data. It was revealed that most of the SMEs business owners are not familiar in using internet and in many cases they are not computer literate. It was further revealed that Government should provide some basic computer training to the Small and Medium Enterprises so they will able to use computer. The proper implementation of E-Business technologies in SMEs in Pakistan, Government and other related agencies can initiate E-Business in SMEs to achieve competitive edge.

  18. Whole Person Learning: Embedding Ethical Enterprise Leadership in Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, E. Vincent; Donohue, Mary

    2012-01-01

    This study introduces a collaborative business education curricular design known as "whole person learning." The post-financial crisis market environment requires business education to encompass curricular, commercial and community skills. Drawing on the Toronto based National Mentoring Program (NMP), "whole person learning"…

  19. 31 CFR 500.511 - Transactions by certain business enterprises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... organization engaging in business pursuant to this section shall not engage in any transaction, pursuant to... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Transactions by certain business... (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL...

  20. 31 CFR 515.511 - Transactions by certain business enterprises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... organization engaging in business pursuant to this section shall not engage in any transaction, pursuant to... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Transactions by certain business... (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUBAN ASSETS CONTROL...

  1. Extending enterprise architecture modelling with business goals and requirements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engelsman, Wilco; Quartel, Dick; Jonkers, Henk; Sinderen, van Marten

    2011-01-01

    The methods for enterprise architecture (EA), such as The Open Group Architecture Framework, acknowledge the importance of requirements modelling in the development of EAs. Modelling support is needed to specify, document, communicate and reason about goals and requirements. The current modelling te

  2. Analytical Business Model for Sustainable Distributed Retail Enterprises in a Competitive Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Courage Matobobo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Retail enterprises are organizations that sell goods in small quantities to consumers for personal consumption. In distributed retail enterprises, data is administered per branch. It is important for retail enterprises to make use of data generated within the organization to determine consumer patterns and behaviors. Large organizations find it difficult to ascertain customer preferences by merely observing transactions. This has led to quantifiable losses, such as loss of market share to competitors and targeting the wrong market. Although some enterprises have implemented classical business models to address these challenging issues, they still lack analytics-based marketing programs to gain a competitive advantage to deal with likely catastrophic events. This research develops an analytical business (ARANN model for distributed retail enterprises in a competitive market environment to address the current laxity through the best arrangement of shelf products per branch. The ARANN model is built on association rules, complemented by artificial neural networks to strengthen the results of both mutually. According to experimental analytics, the ARANN model outperforms the state of the art model, implying improved confidence in business information management within the dynamically changing world economy.

  3. Tourism Enterprises as Buyers of Knowledge-Intensive Business Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Borodako

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is an attempt to assess the business relations between the tourism sector and suppliers of various types of business services. It focuses on knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS. The reasons why tourism businesses purchase outsourced services are also discussed. An Internet survey was conducted and the results were used to calculate and discuss a number of indices. Cross-tabulation statistics are used to assess the interrelation between types of tourist firms, their localization and size, and the types and number of services they use. The largest numbers of KIBS used by the Polish tourism sector are from the accounting, IT, and advertising sectors, whereas the smallest relate to research and experimental development in the social sciences and humanities. This article fills a gap in the knowledge about usage of KIBS services by the tourism sector at the national level.

  4. Leadership and Organizational Learning: Accounting for Variances in Small-Size Business Enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Carroll M.; Nafukho, Fredrick M.

    2007-01-01

    This study's primary purpose was to determine the relationship between leadership and the dependent variable organizational learning readiness at three locations of a small-size business enterprise in the Mid-Western United States. Surveys were acquired within an exploratory correlational research design and the results indicated leadership…

  5. Co-agglomeration of knowledge-intensive business services and multinational enterprises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, W.; van Oort, Frank; Koster, H.

    2014-01-01

    It has been argued that the relationship between knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) and multinational enterprises (MNEs) within the regional economy is advantageous for urban and regional dynamics. It is likely that KIBS aim to locate proximate to (internationally operating) MNEs because o

  6. Methods of forming and realization of assortment policy of retail business enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kudenko Kiril

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Within the framework of the article systematisation of methods of forming and realisation of assortment policy of enterprises of retail business is done. Recommendations concerning the priority of the use of separate methods of forming and realisation of assortment policy with different purposes, taking into account their content, advantages and disadvantages are developed.

  7. Strategic Mobility 21 Transition Plan: From Research Federation to Business Enterprise

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-31

    program guidance; SWOT analysis ; emerging opportunities; market feedback and response; forecasting, and intuition. Figure 16 – Alignment of...made available or sold to the public and foreign nationals, companies , and governments, including adversary governments, and may be exported. c...Business Enterprise JLETT. The modeling, simulation, and analysis (MSA) capabilities developed by the SM21 Research Federation will also

  8. 电力企业业扩报装浅析%Electric power enterprise business analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝日英

    2013-01-01

    Business expansion is the electric power enterprise and power customer service exchange window, is to contact the electric power enterprises and power enterprises bond. With the rapid economic develop-ment, electric power enterprises must solve business problems in existing equipment management. The basic concepts and principles of this employment expansion is briefly explained, and introduces the process of business expansion, briefly introduces the business problems during the installation process, and puts for-ward some improvement measures.%业扩报装是电力企业与用电客服交流的窗口,是联系电力企业与受电企业的纽带。随着经济的快速发展,电力企业必须及时解决业扩报装管理中存在的问题。本文就业扩报装的基本概念和原则做了简要的解释,并介绍了业扩报装的过程,简要的介绍了业扩报装过程中存在的问题,并提出了一些改进措施。

  9. Measures for the Administration on the Establishment of Partnership Business by Foreign Enterprises or Individuals in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Article 1 For the purpose of regulating the establishment of partnership business by foreign enterprises or individuals in China and facilitating foreign enterprises or individuals to invest in China in the form of partnership to expand foreign economic cooperation and technical exchanges, the Measures herein shall in accordance with the Partnership Business Law of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the Partnership Business Law) be formulated.

  10. Enhancing Student Learning of Enterprise Integration and Business Process Orientation through an ERP Business Simulation Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seethamraju, Ravi

    2011-01-01

    The sophistication of the integrated world of work and increased recognition of business processes as critical corporate assets require graduates to develop "process orientation" and an "integrated view" of business. Responding to these dynamic changes in business organizations, business schools are also continuing to modify their curriculum and…

  11. Modeling the Contribution of Enterprise Architecture Practice to the Achievement of Business Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Steenbergen, Marlies; Brinkkemper, Sjaak

    Enterprise architecture is a young, but well-accepted discipline in information management. Establishing the effectiveness of an enterprise architecture practice, however, appears difficult. In this chapter we introduce an architecture effectiveness model (AEM) to express how enterprise architecture practices are meant to contribute to the business goals of an organization. We developed an AEM for three different organizations. These three instances show that the concept of the AEM is applicable in a variety of organizations. It also shows that the objectives of enterprise architecture are not to be restricted to financial goals. The AEM can be used by organizations to set coherent priorities for their architectural practices and to define KPIs for measuring the effectiveness of these practices.

  12. The role of enterprise asset management system in the PVO group`s business

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaervinen, J. [RAMSE Consulting Oy, Helsinki (Finland)

    1998-12-31

    This presentation describes the role of the Enterprise Asset Management (EAM) and Enterprise Document Management (EDM) in the PVO Group`s business. The use of the functionality of the EAM (Immpower) and EDM (Documentum) is not limited only to the plant maintenance. All power plants and some other business functions and units will use the system in the future for financial management, activity based costing, purchasing, of materials, office supplies and fuel, invoice matching, project budgeting and costing, real estate management etc. The technical service concept of IT solution is also described in this presentation. The Information Management Strategy development as background to the project is also outlined together with the company information. The benefits of the common EAM system and related business process needs are also described. (orig.)

  13. Enterprise 2.0 in Engineering and Business Education: Engineering and Business Students' View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahrens, Andreas; Zascerinska, Jelena; Bassus, Olaf

    2010-01-01

    Contemporary engineers and entrepreneurs need to become more cognizant and responsive to the emerging needs of the market for engineering, enterprise and technology services. Enterprise 2.0 which penetrates our society more thoroughly with the availability of broadband services has the potential to contribute decisively to the sustainable…

  14. 77 FR 54951 - Disadvantaged Business Enterprise: Program Implementation Modifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... for applicants and the volume of materials that recipients would have to review and evaluate. We also.... The other is to preserve the integrity of the program, a strong certification system being the first..., withdrawals, suspension/debarment actions; (3) a business profile seeking a concise description of the...

  15. Enterprise applications of semantic technologies for business process management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ralf MUELLER

    2012-01-01

    1 Introduction Today's business process management (BPM)systems have evolved to provide rich and sophisticated tooling and runtime support for subject domain experts,business analysts,development,and information technology (IT).However,the evolution of BPM systems led to a jungle of different representation formats for the various artifacts in such systems.These include models for value chains,strategies,goals,and objectives on the analysis side,business process models,organizational data and service models,and finally models for the implementation of a BPM system to a runtime infrastructure.In many systems,the complex relationships between the entities of a BPM system are vaguely documented,let alone be formalized in a machine readable way.This is where semantic technologies kick in:to provide the foundation for formalizing the complex relationships of a business in a common model using Web Ontology Language (OWL) ontologies.This avoids information silos and enables a holistic view to a BPM system using SPARQL.

  16. Enhancing Learning Outcomes through Experiential Learning: Using Open-Source Systems to Teach Enterprise Systems and Business Process Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jewer, Jennifer; Evermann, Joerg

    2015-01-01

    Enterprise systems and business process management are the two key information technologies to integrate the functions of a modern business into a coherent and efficient system. While the benefits of these systems are easy to describe, students, especially those without business experience, have difficulty appreciating how these systems are used…

  17. Intersection how enterprise design bridges the gap between business, technology, and people

    CERN Document Server

    Guenther, Milan

    2012-01-01

    Many organizations struggle with the dynamics and the complexity of today''s social ecosystems that connect everyone and everything, everywhere and all the time. Facing challenges at the intersection of business models, technical developments, and human needs, modern enterprises must overcome the siloed thinking and isolated efforts of the past, and instead address their relationships to people holistically. In Intersection, Milan Guenther introduces a Strategic Design approach that aligns the overarching efforts of Branding, Enterprise Architecture, and Experience Design, and sets them on a

  18. The Influence of the Business Environment on Small and Medium Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulian Viorel Brașoveanu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Small and Medium Enterprise sector in Romania has been significantly affected by the global recession in the years 2008-2009; currently it is making efforts to revive it, thanks to important role it occupies in the economy of any country. SMEs raise wide debates, especially on fiscal measures. In Romania, SMEs represent 99.7% of all businesses, generating two-thirds of jobs in the business and half of gross value added. This paper focuses on the development of SMEs and hence on business environment in Romania. The purpose of this paper is to present the influence which regulations and evolution of businesses environment have on the SME sector.

  19. Disaster Risk Management and Business Education: the Case of Small and Medium Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JUAN PABLO SARMIENTO

    Full Text Available It is safe to say that building disaster resilience by preparing for disasters with a business continuity plan is vital for small business to thrive in the long run. More often than not, small business owners invest large sums of money, time, and resources to make their ventures successful and yet, many of them fail to properly plan and prepare for disaster situations. With this problem in mind, Florida International University (FIU became the house of the Small Business Development Center (SBDC and the Extreme Events Institute (EEI. Together, both institutes have collaborated in their mission to spread disaster resilience and business continuity management knowledge and best practices in an accessible way to small businesses in South Florida and Latin America. By developing and disseminating knowledge, processes and best-practices through several activities and channels such as business consulting and business continuity plan elaboration, Pasantías (Practicums, and the Disaster Resilience Toolkit for Small-and-Medium Sized Enterprises, both institutes truly represent FIU's experience with SMEs and its commitment with entrepreneurship and South Florida's community.

  20. Advisory Functions of Selected Polish Business Institutions in the Innovation Process in Enterprises – Research Conclusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna KUROWSKA-PYSZ

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper contains an analysis of innovation processes in enterprises, from the perspective of demand for knowledge, which companies increasingly obtain from business environment. This requires a discernment of valuable partners in the environment, who will provide professional transfer of knowledge to the company. Therefore, knowledge has become a product, and Polish universities and specialized, commercial knowledge providers are competing for the customer on the knowledge market. While knowledge transfer to companies is a secondary activity for Polish universities, specialized, commercial knowledge suppliers are making an effort of acquiring as much orders as possible. Therefore a natural competition between these two types of entities arises. In this paper the Author examines possibilities of supporting innovation-oriented enterprises by Polish universities and commercial providers of knowledge and formulates terms and conditions which will make cooperation between these two groups of entities possible, so as to transform the competition into cooperation, beneficial for both sides, and support innovative processes in enterprises.

  1. 试论保护企业商业秘密的措施%Try a Theory a Protection Business Enterprise Business Secret of Measure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张大立

    2009-01-01

    商业秘密是企业知识产权的重要组成部分,是企业重要的无形资产,对增强企业的市场竞争能力和企业的生存与发展具有重大影响.企业必须采取有效措施,切实加强商业秘密的保护和管理.我们应该切实做到该保密的信息能够保住,可以交流信息的还应该要交流,使商业秘密的保护工作和信息交流工作更好地协调,以适应建立社会主义市场经济体制和高新技术迅猛发展新形势的需要,为保持企业在市场中竞争优势作出努力.%The business secret is the importance of the business enterprise intelligent property right to constitute part, is a business enterprise importance of immaterial assets, to strengthen business enterprise of market competition ability and business enterprise of existence and development have a graveness influence.The business enterprise has to adopt valid measure, practical strengthen busi-ness a secret of protection and management. We should be practical to attain the information that should keep secret and can protect, can exchanges information of also should want exchanges, make business clandestine of protection work and information exchanges work betterly moderate, with orientation establishment system and Gao Xin's technique of the socialism market economy be fast fierce development new situation of demand, for keep a business enterprise competitive advantage to make effort in the market.

  2. Strategic Planning and Business Performance of Micro, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skokan Karel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with issues of strategic management, particularly strategic planning and its beneficial effect on the overall performance of businesses. It is based on empirical results of the original research study called Adaptability of Enterprises to Contemporary Economic Conditions in Years 2007-2012 performed via questionnaire survey in three rounds during years 2011, 2012 and 2013. The analyses presented in the paper were conducted on the second round sample of 677 organizations operating mostly in the SME sector in the Czech and Slovak Republic. The interdependence between the level of strategic planning (existence of strategy in the form of written document and its extent and enterprise performance criteria (turnover, costs, profit, EVA, investments, period of arranged contracts is examined with the use of four hypotheses. The results are commented and discussed. The outcome is the apparent positive impact of full strategic document on the performance criteria of the businesses.

  3. Building an E-business System Using Enterprise JavaBeans Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of using Enterprise JavaBeans to build an e-business system. First, the authors point out some difficulties during building an e-business sy stem. For example, how can we integrate all kinds of software and hardware i n company quickly and economically Then the authors introduce a representative EJB structure and currently EJB deve loping approaches. A representative EJB structure includes an EJB Server, EJB Co ntainers, EJB Clients and JNDI etc. An EJB Server is similar...

  4. Korea's Experience in Promoting e-Business Adoption Among Micro and Small Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Yoon, Jeongwon; Hanna, James

    2004-01-01

    In Korea, around 3.1 million small enterprises (99.2 percent of the total) operate with less than 50 employees. Micro & small businesses (MSBs), however, have lagged well behind in the adoption of IT, largely due to insufficient financial, human and technological resources. To address this, Korea has taken bold measures to help MSBs exploit the potential of ICT as a driver of productivity ...

  5. Virtual enterprise model for the electronic components business in the Nuclear Weapons Complex

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferguson, T.J.; Long, K.S.; Sayre, J.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hull, A.L. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Carey, D.A.; Sim, J.R.; Smith, M.G. [Allied-Signal Aerospace Co., Kansas City, MO (United States). Kansas City Div.

    1994-08-01

    The electronic components business within the Nuclear Weapons Complex spans organizational and Department of Energy contractor boundaries. An assessment of the current processes indicates a need for fundamentally changing the way electronic components are developed, procured, and manufactured. A model is provided based on a virtual enterprise that recognizes distinctive competencies within the Nuclear Weapons Complex and at the vendors. The model incorporates changes that reduce component delivery cycle time and improve cost effectiveness while delivering components of the appropriate quality.

  6. Decision Making Model for Business Process Outsourcing of Enterprise Content Management

    OpenAIRE

    Zhuojun Yi; Dongming Xu

    2013-01-01

    Business process outsourcing (BPO) in enterprise content management (ECM) is a growing though immature market. BPO in ECM focuses on pursuing market transactions in the process of managing all types of content being used in organizations. However, inadequate sourcing decisions lead to organizational sensitive content exposure, high transaction cost, poor outsourcer performance, low flexibility. ECM BPO in general is rarely discussed in the literature and no discussion was found on decision ma...

  7. Service Pyramid Concept of Knowledge Intensive Business Services in the Small and Medium Sized Enterprises Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sándor Nagy

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The activity of service companies is more complex today than before the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT became widespread in business. Fewer service companies can be found on the market based solely on physical customer interaction; however, they have been replaced with standardized and automated services. This structural change can be observed particularly among Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS companies where the use of ICT is not simply a market requirement, but a competition tool, as well. Without the application of any ICT instrument, a KIBS company could not meet market expectations, and furthermore, business developments are mainly ICT-based. On the other hand, companies need to develop their businesses more and more, as KIBS companies which are not able to differentiate themselves as trustworthy on the business services market will disappear. ‘Just another business service company’ cannot really sell today. This is applicable to a greater extent to Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SME, where ICT has opened market opportunities that have never existed for them before. The aim of this paper is to highlight the new features of KIBS business activities in the SME sector and the related research questions.

  8. Developing business advantages from the technological possibilities of enterprise information systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luay Anaya

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizations are increasingly implementing Enterprise Information Systems (EIS, and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP systems in particular. Despite the notable studies on the advantages of an EIS, many organizations are not satisfied with the benefits or advantages gained. At the same time, it is assumed that such systems with increasing innovations and technological enhancements would generate abundant business advantages, if organizations exploited these opportunities. The investigation in this work drew on the sociomateriality perspective, using imbrication notion, and focused on a telecomm case study to examine how organizations can exploit the technological possibilities of an EIS to create business benefits. The study findings suggest that business benefits can be achieved when the EIS as a technical system is interwoven with the organizational work in which both dynamically change in practice (not from the technical features of the system, when the system provides interesting and beneficial technological possibilities that attract organizations, and when the firm has the organizational capabilities to translate these possibilities into real business benefits.

  9. A business model improvement proposal for Finnish enterprises doing business in China : case study: Hankintatukku Oy

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Mengzhen

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to propose a more adaptable business model for Finnish Hankintatukku Oy to help it be more successful in China. To achieve the objective, inductive research approach with qualitative and quantitative research methods are used in this thesis. With inductive research approach, data is collected to analyze the main elements inside a business model and marketing development trend in China. As a result, the final proposal comes out based on the marketing development trend in China ...

  10. Management of business process design in global implementation of enterprise resource planning systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rahimi, Fatemeh

    Investments in global enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems are typically carried out as a part of the globalization process in multinational corporations (MNCs). Global ERP systems support integration and control in MNCs in an important way by establishing a common language across an MNC....... As process and data standardization are among the primary drivers of ERP consolidation efforts, business process design is an important concern when implementing global ERP systems. This PhD study addresses three research questions that develop understanding, support, and improvement of the practice...... of business process design in the course of a global ERP implementation in MNCs. In light of existing theoretical and practical challenges, the research questions focus on three business process management (BPM) capabilities: alignment, governance, and method. Drawing on extensive literature reviews...

  11. Electronic business model for small- and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises (SME): a case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuen, Karina; Chung, Walter W.

    2001-10-01

    This paper identifies three essential factors (information infrastructure, executive information system and a new manufacturing paradigm) that are used to support the development of a new business model for competitiveness. They facilitate changes in organization structure in support of business transformation. A SME can source a good manufacturing practice using a model of academic-university collaboration to gain competitive advantage in the e-business world. The collaboration facilitates the change agents to use information systems development as a vehicle to increase the capability of executives in using information and knowledge management to gain higher responsiveness and customer satisfaction. The case company is used to illustrate the application of a web-based executive information system to interface internal communications with external operation. It explains where a good manufacturing practice may be re-applied by other SMEs to acquire skills as a learning organization grows in an extended enterprise setting.

  12. Latin American Economic History, Business History and Economics of Enterprise: Current trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araceli Almaraz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies about Latin American business are worried about their position on the emerging and global economies. In this article we want to remark the important role of the universities, institutes, schools, and research centers in Latin America that make possible the research work and the publication of Bulletins, Journals and books on business history. In this way, we observe the recent activities of associations and international groups that focus in Latin American Business History in the last twenty five years. We identify the advances and goals in this arena and agreed with Carlos Davila about the thematic diversity and the need to achieve methodological rigor and theoretical propositions. For this reason, we emphasize the historical role of Latin American enterprises and the role of the family business, and their position in the global economies. This article has a double aim, on the one hand, we offer an overview and a state of the art about Latin American Business History. And, on the other hand, we emphasize, within the field of Latin American business, emergent studies that show the potential of this discipline to participate in broader debates about innovation, corporate governance and learning.

  13. Business excellence as a success factor for the performance of large Croatian enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivica Zdrilić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Croatian companies need a new approach that will provide them with sufficient competitive strength, based on business excellence. Focusing only on financial indicators and measures is insufficient. Therefore new concepts should be introduced, especially by large companies that are traditionally inert and exposed to global competition, and situated in the countries with ongoing transition, such as Croatia. Today 75% of the source of value within a company cannot be measured by means of the standard accounting techniques anymore, and in the 21st century it is impossible to rely exclusively on measuring financial parameters. According to the authors, in addition to financial measuring, a way should be found to measure non-financial parameters within a company. The paper is therefore aimed at exploring the influence of business excellence and its values on business in the Croatian business practice. The authors carried out a research on 106 large Croatian enterprises with more than 250 employees, exploring the connection between the values of business excellence and company performance, Results show a positive correlation between applying the principles of business excellence and successful company performance in practice.

  14. A call for the need to incorporate enterprise risk management as part of the overall business model innovation process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taran, Yariv; Boer, Harry; Lindgren, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Relative to, for example, radical product innovation process, little isknown about business model innovation, let alone the process of managingthe risks involved in that process. Using the emerging Enterprise RiskManagement (ERM) literature, an approach is proposed through whichrisk management can...... be embedded in the business model innovationprocess. The integrated risk management/business model innovationprocess model has been tested through an action research study in aDanish company. The results are promising and warrant continuation ofthe development of that model....

  15. Web-Based Enterprise Resource Planning System: An Alternative for Small and Medium Size Business Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shivprasad Ashok Mohite,

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Implementing an enterprise system is ―corporate equivalent of a root canal,‖ a meaningful analogy given that an ES with its single database replaces special-purpose legacy systems that once operated in isolation. An Enterprise Resource Planning System has the herculean task of supporting and integrating a full range of business processes, uniting functional islands and making their data visible across the organization in real time. Not surprisingly, the software that vendors such as People-Soft, SAP, and Oracle provide is unwieldy, expensive, hard to implement and creates organizational change that can be as painful as, well. If organizations can endure the implementation cost and pain, they are rewarded with large increases in both efficiency and effectiveness. When organizations build their information systems in house, they design the systems to fit functional requirements, often with a different system for each function. With this mind-set, systems proliferate at an alarming rate.

  16. Actuality of assortment policy in the modern management of retail business enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yefimova Yevheniia

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the result of research it has been found, that the assortment policy defines the course of actions for managing a point-of-sale assortment which foresees clarification and specification of strategic purpose and current tasks; development and grounding of facilities, methods and forms of activity for their achievement; determination of the real resources providing the realization of the plan. The constituents of assortment policy of enterprise of retail business are identified. It is well-proved that with the help of assortment policy achievement of ultimate goals of an enterprise is provided, the constituents of commercial strategy associate together and the possibility of the most effective usage of resources has arrived.

  17. Leveraging the Zachman framework implementation using action - research methodology - a case study: aligning the enterprise architecture and the business goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nogueira, Juan Manuel; Romero, David; Espadas, Javier; Molina, Arturo

    2013-02-01

    With the emergence of new enterprise models, such as technology-based enterprises, and the large quantity of information generated through technological advances, the Zachman framework continues to represent a modelling tool of great utility and value to construct an enterprise architecture (EA) that can integrate and align the IT infrastructure and business goals. Nevertheless, implementing an EA requires an important effort within an enterprise. Small technology-based enterprises and start-ups can take advantage of EAs and frameworks but, because these enterprises have limited resources to allocate for this task, an enterprise framework implementation is not feasible in most cases. This article proposes a new methodology based on action-research for the implementation of the business, system and technology models of the Zachman framework to assist and facilitate its implementation. Following the explanation of cycles of the proposed methodology, a case study is presented to illustrate the results of implementing the Zachman framework in a technology-based enterprise: PyME CREATIVA, using action-research approach.

  18. USING ANALYTIC NETWORK FOR SELECTION OF ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING (ERP ALIGNED TO BUSINESS STRATEGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto de Medeiros Junior

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The choice of an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP must be made judiciously by the high costs involved in the acquisition of such systems. Managers in areas such as accounting, financial and information technology need support and tools that help in selecting an appropriate ERP for their business. With this article, we present a study aimed at investigating the possibility of a Decision Support System (DSS to be used for this selection interrelating evaluation criteria, which could allow to contemplate the strategic alignment between Business and Information Technology. From the literature review 28 factors related to the selection of software packages, with special emphasis on ERP were identified. For the research procedures, the qualitative ones were adopted, in that the 18 factors considered relevant to a good selection of ERP were classified with the Delphi technique and used as input in a DSS: Analytical Network Process (ANP, applied as a Case Study in a small business that hired the ERP. The results showed that the ANP was efficient in interrelated criteria and evaluated the strategic alignment between Business and Information Technology.

  19. Hybrid neural intelligent system to predict business failure in small-to-medium-size enterprises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borrajo, M Lourdes; Baruque, Bruno; Corchado, Emilio; Bajo, Javier; Corchado, Juan M

    2011-08-01

    During the last years there has been a growing need of developing innovative tools that can help small to medium sized enterprises to predict business failure as well as financial crisis. In this study we present a novel hybrid intelligent system aimed at monitoring the modus operandi of the companies and predicting possible failures. This system is implemented by means of a neural-based multi-agent system that models the different actors of the companies as agents. The core of the multi-agent system is a type of agent that incorporates a case-based reasoning system and automates the business control process and failure prediction. The stages of the case-based reasoning system are implemented by means of web services: the retrieval stage uses an innovative weighted voting summarization of self-organizing maps ensembles-based method and the reuse stage is implemented by means of a radial basis function neural network. An initial prototype was developed and the results obtained related to small and medium enterprises in a real scenario are presented.

  20. ProcessGene-Connect: SOA Integration between Business Process Models and Enactment Transactions of Enterprise Software Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wasser, Avi; Lincoln, Maya

    In recent years, both practitioners and applied researchers have become increasingly interested in methods for integrating business process models and enterprise software systems through the deployment of enabling middleware. Integrative BPM research has been mainly focusing on the conversion of workflow notations into enacted application procedures, and less effort has been invested in enhancing the connectivity between design level, non-workflow business process models and related enactment systems such as: ERP, SCM and CRM. This type of integration is useful at several stages of an IT system lifecycle, from design and implementation through change management, upgrades and rollout. The paper presents an integration method that utilizes SOA for connecting business process models with corresponding enterprise software systems. The method is then demonstrated through an Oracle E-Business Suite procurement process and its ERP transactions.

  1. Case study of open-source enterprise resource planning implementation in a small business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, David L.; Staley, Jesse

    2012-02-01

    Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems have been recognised as offering great benefit to some organisations, although they are expensive and problematic to implement. The cost and risk make well-developed proprietorial systems unaffordable to small businesses. Open-source software (OSS) has become a viable means of producing ERP system products. The question this paper addresses is the feasibility of OSS ERP systems for small businesses. A case is reported involving two efforts to implement freely distributed ERP software products in a small US make-to-order engineering firm. The case emphasises the potential of freely distributed ERP systems, as well as some of the hurdles involved in their implementation. The paper briefly reviews highlights of OSS ERP systems, with the primary focus on reporting the case experiences for efforts to implement ERPLite software and xTuple software. While both systems worked from a technical perspective, both failed due to economic factors. While these economic conditions led to imperfect results, the case demonstrates the feasibility of OSS ERP for small businesses. Both experiences are evaluated in terms of risk dimension.

  2. Sustainable enterprise in office buildings of small businesses; Duurzaam ondernemen in het kantoorhoudende MKB

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bertens, C. [Panteia/EIM, Zoetermeer (Netherlands); Muizer, A. [Panteia/Consult, Zoetermeer (Netherlands)

    2012-05-15

    SMEs in the Netherlands will increasingly face stricter sustainability criteria in procurement procedures. A study has been carried out among 375 small businesses that will provide insight into the state of sustainability in office buildings of SMEs. Attention is paid to the importance of sustainability, measures taken with regard to sustainable enterprising, plans and ambitions; and required support [Dutch] Het MKB krijgt in toenemende mate te maken met strengere duurzaamheidseisen in aanbestedingsprocedures. Er is onderzoek gedaan onder 375 bedrijven waarmee inzicht wordt gegeven in de stand van zaken van duurzaam ondernemen in het kantoorhoudend MKB. Het gaat in grote lijnen om de volgende aspecten: het belang van duurzaam ondernemen; genomen maatregelen op het gebied van duurzaam ondernemen; plannen en ambities; benodigde ondersteuning.

  3. The modern enterprise – successor of business organization forms in ancient Rome and medieval Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca Pacala

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, researchers and practitioners are increasingly interested in the role and influence of the forms of business organization on the economy and society. Interpretations of the role of companies in the modern period, ranging from enthusiastic support (as the most important invention of capitalism, an explanation of the Western civilization’s expansion to moderate and often critical positions, where the company is seen as a solution, not necessarily optimal, to market imperfections. On the other hand, we often ponder upon the explanation of political, administrative and infrastructural success of ancient Rome: the state or the enterprise (the private initiative? Closer to our time, we rediscover with amazement that the "dark" Middle Ages are not at all dark and lacking in progress, at least in terms of capitalist organization and logic. The development of trade in the two poles of medieval Europe (the Mediterranean and the BaltoScandinavian area, of industry and trade in the North-Western quadrant (Flanders and neighbouring regions, was concurrent with the improvement of organizational forms of business, with the diversity and flexibility of entrepreneurial or even corporate frameworks. Of course, the study of historical sources (ancient or medieval cannot provide direct answers or solutions to the questions of modern society, because the challenges of today are rather different to those of the past. On the other hand, understanding history can help companies to build a more complete and a wiser enterprise functionality and role in the modern society, to reformulate the questions and to find new solutions. Our paper, with a clear juridical perspective on economic history, focuses on the organization of firms in ancient Rome and medieval Europe, tries to provide examples, useful interpretations and diverse solutions to the problems of contemporary society and economy.

  4. Organisational Dynamics and Ambiguity of Business Intelligence in Context of Enterprise Information Systems – a case study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben; Gabel, Ole Dahl; Olsen, Martin

    2012-01-01

    present findings within the relationship between technology and business in BI is particularly complex as operational issues are secondary to the desired systems outcome’s character of a management construct. A management framework is proposed for BI related to its special characteristics involving......Business Intelligence (BI) is playing a major role in most Enterprise Information Systems (EIS) architectures providing strategic and tactical management information on selected issues. BI is typically detached from mainstream transaction systems and provides a translated view of the business...... enterprise communication between operational and tactical/strategic levels, inexact data, representation of historical consensus, and intrinsic translation between management culture and technology. BI should be viewed as integrated in and mutually interacting with corporate EIS. This paper contributes...

  5. Develop a generic Total Quality,Management (TQM) Model for a small Chinese business enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张茜; 马正英

    2012-01-01

    As theory explained that total quality management is the integration of all functions and processes within an organization in order to achieve continuous improvement of the quality of goods and services. (J.E.ROSS) Not only worldwide organizations realized the importance of TQM, but also small businesses base on their characters are trying to implement TQM in the organizations. It helps small business enterprises different it from other suppliers, and also in able to help them reduce unnecessary waste in bothhuman resources and financial resources.

  6. Junior empresa: un modelo empresarial diferente = Junior enterprise: a different business model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Jiménez

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumen¿Quién no está harto ya de oír cómo está el mercado laboral? Nos bombardean con un ruido de fondo incesante, como si graduarnos no fuese suficiente reto. Bueno, ¿y qué? Un grupo de estudiantes de la Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería y Diseño Industrial de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (ETSIDI-UPM nos hemos unido y hemos creado nuestra propia Junior Empresa, un modelo empresarial diferente, innovador, que nos permite revertir todos los beneficios en aprendizaje. ¿Quién ha dicho que tengamos que dejarnos vencer por un sistema laboral obsoleto?AbstractAre you tired of hearing how difficult it is to get a job? They are filling our minds with a non-stop background noise, as if getting a degree was an insufficient challenge. So what? Well, some students from the Superior Technical School of Engineering and Industrial Design from the Technical University of Madrid (ETSIDIUPM have come together and created our own Junior Enterprise, a different business model, an innovative canvas, which allows us to transform all the benefits into learning. Who said our destiny is being crushed by an obsolete labour market?

  7. THE ROLE OF ENTERPRISE PORTALS IN ENTERPRISE INTEGRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianina RIZESCU

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Today’s enterprises are moving business systems to the Internet - to connect people, business processes, and people to business processes in enterprise and across enterprise boundaries. The portal brings it all together: business processes, departmental sites, knowledge management resources, enterprise management systems, CRM systems, analytics, email, calendars, external content, transactions,administration, workflow, and more. The goal of this paper is to present the role of the Enterprise Portal in internal and external enterprise integration.

  8. Promoting mental health in small-medium enterprises: An evaluation of the "Business in Mind" program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Jenn

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Workplace mental health promotion (WMHP aims to prevent and effectively manage the social and economic costs of common mental illnesses such as depression. The mental health of managers and employees within small-medium enterprises (SMEs is a neglected sector in occupational health research and practice, despite the fact that this sector is the most common work setting in most economies. The availability and propensity of SME staff to attend face-to-face training/therapy or workshop style interventions often seen in corporate or public sector work settings is a widely recognised problem. The 'Business in Mind' program employs a DVD mode of delivery that is convenient for SME managers, particularly those operating in regional and remote areas where internet delivery may not be optimal. The objective of the intervention program is to improve the mental health of SME managers, and examine whether employees of managers' whose mental health improves, report positive change in their psychosocial work environment. The mechanisms via which we aim to improve managers' mental health are through the development of their psychological capital (a higher order construct comprised of hope, self efficacy, resilience and optimism and their skills and capacities for coping with work stress. Methods/Design The effectiveness of two versions of the program (self administered and telephone facilitated will be assessed using a randomised trial with an active control condition (psychoeducation only. We aim to recruit a minimum of 249 managers and a sample of their employees. This design allows for 83 managers per group, as power analyses showed that this number would allow for attrition of 20% and still enable detection of an effect size of 0.5. The intervention will be implemented over a three month period and postal surveys will assess managers and employees in each group at baseline, intervention completion, and at 6 month follow up. The

  9. Analytical Business Model for Sustainable Distributed Retail Enterprises in a Competitive Market

    OpenAIRE

    Courage Matobobo; Osunmakinde, Isaac O.

    2016-01-01

    Retail enterprises are organizations that sell goods in small quantities to consumers for personal consumption. In distributed retail enterprises, data is administered per branch. It is important for retail enterprises to make use of data generated within the organization to determine consumer patterns and behaviors. Large organizations find it difficult to ascertain customer preferences by merely observing transactions. This has led to quantifiable losses, such as loss of market share to com...

  10. iPad in the Enterprise Developing and Deploying Business Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Clevenger, Nathan

    2011-01-01

    Discover how to plan, design, develop, and deploy iPad apps for the enterprise Having taken the enterprise by storm, iPads are now in the hands of workers in virtually every level of companies in almost every industry. But using iPad apps in the enterprise is more complex than simply clicking an icon from the App Store. It presents unique challenges around software development, system integration, information security, application deployment, and device management. That's where this book comes in. iPhone Life Enterprise Editor and veteran mobile consultant Nathan Clevenger presents a guide for

  11. Organizational Learning, Strategic Flexibility and Business Model Innovation: An Empirical Research Based on Logistics Enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Yaodong; Cheng, Lin; Zhang, Jian

    Using the data of 237 Jiangsu logistics firms, this paper empirically studies the relationship among organizational learning capability, business model innovation, strategic flexibility. The results show as follows; organizational learning capability has positive impacts on business model innovation performance; strategic flexibility plays mediating roles on the relationship between organizational learning capability and business model innovation; interaction among strategic flexibility, explorative learning and exploitative learning play significant roles in radical business model innovation and incremental business model innovation.

  12. The Impact of the Business Environment in Developing an Enterprise - Case Study: Furniture Manufacturing Tefik Canga Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MSc. Arbenita Topalli

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The enterprise is an organization that reconciles the workforce, real capital, techniques, information and knowledge to produce and service. The enterprise cannot control or have any impact on the environment that it`s surrounded by, only to adjust to it. Despite that, enterprises can be specialized in a special market segment, yet it will be subject to competitive pressure. Furniture Manufacturing Tefik Canga Design has taken over the use of natural and unnatural resources to promote the development and growth, or to solve financial and operational problems. With this research, we propose a growth model of a manufacturing enterprise in relation to the business environment. Implementation of the case is described and the profitability and productivity performance is analyzed using five years of historical data product. Therefore, by this study is expected to achieve results, that will improve the input-output relationship in order to increase the firm's productivity, increase the value of employees and create opportunities for development in order to cut production costs.

  13. 企业战略业务单元的市场选择%Enterprise Strategic Business Unit Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凯; 张其武

    2014-01-01

    企业在进行战略业务单元分析评价以及市场选择时,需要选用合适的分析模型,文中首先阐述了企业战略业务单元的概念及其特征,然后分析了波士顿模型和GE模型的局限性,最后通过两种模型的比较,提出了在进行企业战略业务单元市场选择时,选用分析模型的基本思路。%Analysis of enterprise evaluation and market choice in strategic business unit , selection of suitable analytical model,this paper elaborates the concept and characteristics of strategic business unit ,and then analyzes the limitations of Boston and GE model ,by comparing two models , are proposed in the enterprise strategic business unit market choice the use of basic ideas,analysis model.

  14. Relating business intelligence and enterprise architecture - A method for combining operational data with architectural metadata

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veneberg, R.K.M.; Iacob, M.E.; Sinderen, van M.J.; Bodenstaff, L.

    2016-01-01

    Combining enterprise architecture and operational data is complex (especially when considering the actual ‘matching’ of data with enterprise architecture elements), and little has been written on how to do this. In this paper we aim to fill this gap, and propose a method to combine operational data

  15. Assessing Business Ideas for Starting-Up Successful Social Enterprises in Romania: an It-Supported, Micro-Regional Development Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cezar Scarlat

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose—This paper aims to develop a unique instrument to be used for both assessing business ideas and monitoring the respective social enterprises while taking off, eventually IT-supported.Design/methodology/approach—A sample of 25 cases was selected—in the framework of a regional development project in the Horezu micro-region, Romania (the IDEALIS Project implementation is scheduled for 2011-2012. Each case corresponds to a business idea for starting-up a social enterprise (either agricultural co-operative or co-operative enterprise in the region. The first phase of this project is to assess the viability of each business idea, and the second phase is to monitor the social start-ups as they are taking off. In both phases an original decision method is used, implanted on a methodology to assess the business idea’s probability to succeed. This paper was prepared after the completion of the first phase while an IT application was considered as a vehicle to use the proposed method for monitoring the newly created social enterprises.Findings/results—The proposed instrument (ABIDIS: Assessing Business Ideas by the DISTEH method was successfully used to associate a score to each business idea and, consequently, to rank the respective social enterprises accordingly: the higher the rank, the higher the chances to succeed. It is expected that social enterprises are considered for financial aid according to this ranking.Research limitations/implications—ABIDIS instrument is more useful when analyzed against a database of similar social enterprises and/or compared to its own historic data (which is monitoring actually. Amid successful method development and its use for assessing the chances of the social enterprises’ ideas to succeed, the practical use of the proposed methodology for monitoring the recently established social enterprises is still in progress. Furthermore, the rightness of the assessment is a matter of time—as it is going

  16. Building a Privacy Model in the Business Processes of the Enterprise: An Information Systems Design Science Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munir Majdalawieh

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Privacy has not been researched or investigated from business process management perspective and the current literature has shown lack of a well-defined methodology for integrating privacy into business processes. This paper proposes an integrated privacy model. Such model is an integral part of the organization’s enterprise to ensure that personal data protection is impeded in the business processes of any system that is involved in collecting, disseminating, and accessing an individual’s data. Passing privacy laws is very essential and requires some cooperation and partnership between nations based on some privacy principles. The proposed framework is built on these principles and will help organizations to develop data protection in their business processes, assess the privacy issues in their organization, protect the interest of their clients, advance their value proposition, and make it easier to identify the impact of privacy on their business. The study follows the design science research process and the information systems design science research (ISDSR methodologies by identifying relevant problems from the current literature, defining the objectives of the study, designing and developing the ABC-PDMS model, and evaluating the model.

  17. Business and Commerce, Enterprise Zones (EZ) are areas defined by the Department of Economic Development (LDED) for the purpose of encouraging economic growth by offering tax credits and incentives to businesses locating or expanding in designated enterprise zone areas., Published in 2005, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Louisiana State University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Business and Commerce dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale as of 2005. It is described as 'Enterprise Zones (EZ) are areas defined by the Department...

  18. Strategic Influence on Enterprise Business of Carriers Under New Technologies Trend

    OpenAIRE

    Luo, JianQiu

    2016-01-01

    New technologies such as mobility in working style, big data, internet connection and cloud service etc are shaping and inspiring new ways to create and run business today. Technological innovation is always driven by business demand. It leads to generate new ICT services from carriers in B2B area. Under such huge booming development of technological innovation, top carriers are facing revenue decline and traditional business is shrinking. This new trend has imposed great pressure in business...

  19. 78 FR 70015 - Meeting of the National Advisory Council on Minority Business Enterprise

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-22

    ... the Department of Commerce regarding the growth of minority-owned businesses in domestic and global... minority-owned businesses in domestic and global markets. Recommendations for proposed programs and new... Minority Business Development Agency Meeting of the National Advisory Council on Minority...

  20. Assessing Business Ideas for Starting-Up Successful Social Enterprises in Romania: an It-Supported, Micro-Regional Development Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cezar Scarlat

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose—This paper aims to develop a unique instrument to be used for both assessing business ideas and monitoring the respective social enterprises while taking off, eventually IT-supported. Design/methodology/approach—A sample of 25 cases was selected—in the framework of a regional development project in the Horezu micro-region, Romania (the IDEALIS Project implementation is scheduled for 2011-2012. Each case corresponds to a business idea for starting-up a social enterprise (either agricultural co-operative or co-operative enterprise in the region. The first phase of this project is to assess the viability of each business idea, and the second phase is to monitor the social start-ups as they are taking off. In both phases an original decision method is used, implanted on a methodology to assess the business idea’s probability to succeed. This paper was prepared after the completion of the first phase while an IT application was considered as a vehicle to use the proposed method for monitoring the newly created social enterprises. Findings/results—The proposed instrument (ABIDIS: Assessing Business Ideas by the DISTEH method was successfully used to associate a score to each business idea and, consequently, to rank the respective social enterprises accordingly: the higher the rank, the higher the chances to succeed. It is expected that social enterprises are considered for financial aid according to this ranking. Research limitations/implications—ABIDIS instrument is more useful when analyzed against a database of similar social enterprises and/or compared to its own historic data (which is monitoring actually. Amid successful method development and its use for assessing the chances of the social enterprises’ ideas to succeed, the practical use of the proposed methodology for monitoring the recently established social enterprises is still in progress. Furthermore, the rightness of the assessment is a matter of time—as it is

  1. Data storage for managing the health enterprise and achieving business continuity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinegardner, Sam

    2003-01-01

    As organizations move away from a silo mentality to a vision of enterprise-level information, more healthcare IT departments are rejecting the idea of information storage as an isolated, system-by-system solution. IT executives want storage solutions that act as a strategic element of an IT infrastructure, centralizing storage management activities to effectively reduce operational overhead and costs. This article focuses on three areas of enterprise storage: tape, disk, and disaster avoidance.

  2. Graphene enterprise: mapping innovation and business development in a strategic emerging technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapira, Philip; Gök, Abdullah; Salehi, Fatemeh

    2016-09-01

    This paper explores enterprise development and commercialization in the field of graphene. Firm characteristics and relationships, value chain positioning, and factors associated with product entry are examined for a set of 65 graphene-oriented small and medium-sized enterprises located in 16 different countries. As well as secondary sources and bibliometric methods to profile developments in graphene, we use computerized data mining and analytical techniques, including cluster and regression modeling, to identify patterns from publicly available online information on enterprise web sites. We identify groups of graphene small and medium-sized enterprises differentiated by how they are involved with graphene, the materials they target, whether they make equipment, and their orientation toward science and intellectual property. In general, access to finance and the firms' location are significant factors that are associated with graphene product introductions. We also find that patents and scientific publications are not statistically significant predictors of product development in our sample of graphene enterprises. We further identify a cohort of graphene-oriented firms that are signaling plans to develop intermediate graphene products that should have higher value in the marketplace. Our findings suggest that policy needs to ensure attention to the introduction and scale-up of downstream intermediate and final graphene products and associated financial, intermediary, and market identification support. The paper demonstrates novel data methods that can be combined with existing information for real-time intelligence to understand and map enterprise development and commercialization in a rapidly emerging and growing new technology.

  3. Graphene enterprise: mapping innovation and business development in a strategic emerging technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapira, Philip; Gök, Abdullah; Salehi, Fatemeh

    This paper explores enterprise development and commercialization in the field of graphene. Firm characteristics and relationships, value chain positioning, and factors associated with product entry are examined for a set of 65 graphene-oriented small and medium-sized enterprises located in 16 different countries. As well as secondary sources and bibliometric methods to profile developments in graphene, we use computerized data mining and analytical techniques, including cluster and regression modeling, to identify patterns from publicly available online information on enterprise web sites. We identify groups of graphene small and medium-sized enterprises differentiated by how they are involved with graphene, the materials they target, whether they make equipment, and their orientation toward science and intellectual property. In general, access to finance and the firms' location are significant factors that are associated with graphene product introductions. We also find that patents and scientific publications are not statistically significant predictors of product development in our sample of graphene enterprises. We further identify a cohort of graphene-oriented firms that are signaling plans to develop intermediate graphene products that should have higher value in the marketplace. Our findings suggest that policy needs to ensure attention to the introduction and scale-up of downstream intermediate and final graphene products and associated financial, intermediary, and market identification support. The paper demonstrates novel data methods that can be combined with existing information for real-time intelligence to understand and map enterprise development and commercialization in a rapidly emerging and growing new technology.

  4. The Application of Business Network Approach for Small and Medium Enterprises (SME with regard to their Buying Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skarpova Ludmila

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a research study on Business Network (BN approach within Small and Medium Enterprises (SME based on the customer´s buying behaviour. We believe that the interconnection of BN, SME and buying behaviour is not sufficiently explored and there is a need for further studies in this respect. The main focus of this study is the explanation of customer´s buying behaviour in Business to Business market (B2B which is motivated by customer´s effort to find a solution to his/her problems of rationalization or development. One of the major existing problems for SME is lack of resources (financial, human, technological needed for the implementation of customer requirements (customer purchase. Lack of resources can be used from company´s Business Network of suppliers and customers. Therefore, not only it is necessary for SME to know their BN and develop relationships with their own suppliers and customers, but also with suppliers of their customers. Using BN approach has resulted in creating strong relationships in BN, thus building a stronger network and gaining a competitive advantage for SME. The BN approach was applied in the market of manufacturing plastics companies which face great competition from SME in Zlín region.

  5. An Integrated Enterprise Resources Planning (ERP Framework forFlexible Manufacturing SystemsUsing Business Intelligence (BITools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Nouri Koupaei

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays Business intelligence (BI tools provide optimal decision making, analyzing, controlling and monitoring of operations in enterprise systems like enterprise resource planning (ERP and mainly refer to strong decision making methods used in online analytical processing, reporting and data analysis, such as improve internal processes, analysis of resources, information needs analysis, reduce costs and increase revenue. The main purpose of paper is creating a unified framework for the application of BI in ERP systems which results of value-added inflexible manufacturing systems (FMS. In this paper, business process system and interaction between technology and environment byapplying BI in ERPsystems of companies that use flexible manufacturing systems have been presented. This paper is a comprehensive review of recent literature that examined the effects of BI systems on the fourlevels of Tenhialaet al.' Model (2015.This model based on cross-sectional data from 151 manufacturing plants proved that ERP is essential for the FMS. According to results of this paper, the answer to this question is important “How can we use the potential data, and intelligence of BI in ERP systems for the effective flexible manufacturing systems?” This study has four hypotheses to answer this question and based on results, all four hypotheses were confirmed. Finally, a model has been developed to determine the relationship between BI (as enabler of ERP and FMS.

  6. Building enterprise-wide resilience by integrating business continuity capability into day-to-day business culture and technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alesi, Patrick

    2008-04-01

    This paper follows the development of the business continuity planning (BCP) programme at Lehman Brothers following the events of September 11th. Previous attempts to implement a `traditional' form of BCP had been ineffective, but following the events, the firm began to look at BCP in a new light. This paper deals with three main themes: creating a culture of resiliency, leveraging technology, and building flexible plans. Distributing accountability for BCP to business line managers, integrating BCP change management into the normal course of business, and providing every employee with personalised BCP information breeds a culture of resiliency where people are empowered to react to events without burdensome, hierarchical response and recovery procedures. Building a strong relationship with one's application development community can result in novel, customised BCP solutions; existing systems and data structures can be used to enhance an existing BCP. Even the best plans are often challenged by events; understanding that flexibility is essential to effective incident response is a critical element in the development of a proper business continuity plan.

  7. E-poslovanje v slovenskih malih in srednje velikih podjetjih = E-business in Slovenian Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktorija Sulcic

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In the paper the position of Slovenian small and medium-sized enterprises in the field of e-business is presented. In the first part of the paper we compare the prevalence of e-business practices in Slovenia and EU countries and present the intensity of Slovene SME’s use of ebusiness as well. The second part of the paper is based on a research conducted with a sample of 49 Slovenian small and mediumsized enterprises. By performing a data analysis, we show the prevalence of SME’s individual internet activities and compare them with the research data collected by the national statistical office a year and a half ago. The e-business impacts and the obstacles for e-business implementation are the most interesting part of the presented research.

  8. The business opportunities evaluation in the vision of managers and the enterprise success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solomia Andres

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The article present main criteria which must be full field buy the opportunities for becoming viable businesses, as well as the necessity of value these opportunities, getting out the main faze proposed for the evolution process of an business opportunity.

  9. Perception toward Organizational Learning Culture in Small-Size Business Enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Carroll M.; Nafukho, Fredrick M.

    2007-01-01

    This study sought to determine the relationship between four independent variables educational level, longevity, gender, type of enterprise, and the dependent variable respondents' perception of culture toward organizational learning readiness. An exploratory correlational research design was employed to survey 498 employees in seven small…

  10. A pivotal-based approach for enterprise business process and IS integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulmer, Jean-Stéphane; Belaud, Jean-Pierre; Le Lann, Jean-Marc

    2013-02-01

    A company must be able to describe and react against any endogenous or exogenous event. Such flexibility can be achieved through business process management (BPM). Nevertheless a BPM approach highlights complex relations between business and IT domains. A non-alignment is exposed between heterogeneous models: this is the 'business-IT gap' as described in the literature. Through concepts from business engineering and information systems driven by models and IT, we define a generic approach ensuring multi-view consistency. Its role is to maintain and provide all information related to the structure and semantic of models. Allowing the full return of a transformed model in the sense of reverse engineering, our platform enables synchronisation between analysis model and implementation model.

  11. Integrating Technology on Business Logic Tier of Enterprise Distrbuted Application%企业分布式应用业务逻辑层集成技术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周键; 周明辉; 吴泉源

    2000-01-01

    With the process of enterprise requirements,the enterprise application computing model and its developing technology become more complex. In this paper,we analyzed most of enterprise requirements. Based on popular distributed computing technologies, we discussed some different models of enterprise business logic applications,and gave some solutions. By analyzing and combining of these models,enterprise application developer could make efficiency use of the functions of distributed system platform,and could construct enterprise applications with highly quality,optimized model and et al.

  12. The executive's guide to enterprise social media strategy how social networks are radically transforming your business

    CERN Document Server

    Barlow, Mike

    2010-01-01

    An actionable framework for developing and executing successful social media strategies supporting collaboration, teamwork and communication in modern corporationsUsing straightforward language, this book offers real-world stories and revealing anecdotes to demonstrate how executives and business leaders develop successful corporate social media strategies.High level guidance to developing the practical business frameworks and policies necessary for implementing and managing successful corporate social media strategiesDescribes the actual processes, organizational structures, and technology pl

  13. Heartcore Business? A study of the challenges social enterprises experience when communicating their corporate identity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmeltz, Line

    the frame for understanding and exploring the enterprises’ communication in an organizational context. Hence, through a value-theoretical framework, the study seeks to identify the extent to which these enterprises manage to create alignment between their corporate identity values and their social...... responsibility values, or if they are working with two, or even more, different value systems. Accordingly, the assumption put forward by this paper is that a high degree of alignment between identity and social responsibility in the enterprise’s corporate communication will enable the enterprises to communicate......The aim of this paper is thus to investigate social businesses’ communication of identity in their corporate communication. Institutional theory (e.g. DiMaggio & Powel, 1983), and especially the notion of legitimacy (Deephouse and Carter, 2005; Meyer and Rowan, 1977; Suchman, 1995), provides...

  14. Business process reengineering in the centralization of the industrial enterprises management

    OpenAIRE

    N.I. Chukhray; Matviy, S. I.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the article. One of the important strategic directions of the powerful independent state with a stable economy is the development of the national economy, which requires the use of new upgraded tools that will enable to redesign and improve the production and management activities of the enterprise and make it more productive and competitive, while providing the economy of the financial, labor and other resources. However, this presupposes the use of partial restructuring and in so...

  15. The “Enterprise Architect” – A New Approach to Business Informatics Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus Helfert

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes role “Enterprise Architect” in Czech companies in the context of current requirements of economic entities. Enterprise Architect is a specific role, which must supervise both the architecture of the whole corporate system and the design of its parts and methodologies in the ICT area and the compliance with it. People in the role “Enterprise Architect” must possess a wide spectrum of practical and theoretical knowledge and skills, which we identify in this article according to selected literature and the survey we have carried out. The article includes a presentation of our research methodology, including the solution for measuring the knowledge in the different knowledge domains, selection of the statistical sample for selection investigation among the companies and defining the method for evaluation of the obtained data. In the end, the identified requirements for this role are formulated as well as their dependence on the monitored aspects and impacts of these requirements on the options for educating this type of experts in universities.

  16. Enterprises Business Intelligence System Design of Aviation Manufacturing%航空制造企业智能系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕重轶; 杨艳国; 成立权

    2012-01-01

    Aviation manufacturing enterprises in the analysis of a business intelligence system based on the needs,Using data mining techniques to build an aviation manufacturer to build business intelligence systems,proposed aviation manufacturing enterprise business intelligence standard structural model of the system.%本文在分析某航空制造企业商业智能系统需求的基础上,利用数据挖掘技术建立构建了航空制造企业商业智能系统,提出航空制造企业商业智能系统的标准结构模型。

  17. Green Enterprise and Sustainability towards Business Federation in Professional Service Firms with respect to Globalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EZENDU ARIWA

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available We present the business federation as a new organizational form. We illustrate how professional service firms can achieve economic growth by operating locally within an international network. Within the business federation,local offices gain access to resources through an extreme form of delegation. The article illustrates how the business federation functions using five organizational design parameters. In order to achieve scale effects,information technology is essential. Information technology can be seen in relation to political struggles amongst professional service firms. In order to achieve an entrepreneurial spirit within professional service firms, we argue that a great degree of autonomy isrequired.We are of the opinion that only through radical change is it possible for professional service firms to focuson how innovation can be used as a weapon ina more complex and turbulent market place.

  18. A Strategic Model for the Business Communication Field Training Decision in the Commercial Enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ioannis, Seimenis; Damianos, Sakas P.; Nikolaos, Konstantopoulos

    2009-08-01

    This article examines the factors that affect the decision making of the training managers responsible in case of business communication field as they have emerged from the study of the decision that have taken place in the commercial sector in this specific Greek market. Previous researches have indicated the participation of a number of variables in this kind of decision. The aim of this article is to locate the main factors which determine, in the commercial sector the decision for the training of the employees in the field of business communication. On the basis of quality research, dynamic simulation model have been created for some of this main factors.

  19. 76 FR 30898 - Disadvantaged Business Enterprise: Program Improvements for Airport Concessions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-27

    ... under Part 23. When these Part 26 sections apply under Part 23, the terms ``contractor'' or... at this level could inhibit opportunities for business owners to enter the concessions field and... commitments shown on your Uniform Report of ACDBE Participation (found in Appendix A to this Part) at the...

  20. Virtual Teams and International Business Teaching and Learning: The Case of the Global Enterprise Experience (GEE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Perez, Maria Alejandra; Velez-Calle, Andres; Cathro, Virginia; Caprar, Dan V.; Taras, Vasyl

    2014-01-01

    The increasing importance of global virtual teams in business is reflected in the classroom by the increased adoption of activities that facilitate real-time cross-cultural interaction. This article documents the experience of students from two Colombian universities who participated in a collaborative international project using virtual teams as…

  1. The Risk Evaluation of the Implement for Enterprise E-Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Lin; ZHANG Jin-long; YANG Lan-rong

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, risk evaluation index system of electronic business is put forward for core manufactures. At the same time, risk evaluation method is established on the basis of fuzzy mathematics and grey theory, and its effectiveness and feasibility are tested in the practical example.

  2. Data Migration Strategy and Information Assurance for the Business Enterprise Information Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-30

    BTG Business Transformation Guidance CA Certifying Authority DAA Designated Accrediting Authority DCAS Defense Cash Accountability System DCD/ DCW ...B). The BEIS current family of systems included the Defense Corporate Database/Defense Corporate Warehouse (DCD/ DCW ), the Defense Departmental...required for reporting. DCW contains data repositories that assist in data consolidation, standardization, and simplification and that improve the

  3. 76 FR 13662 - Hewlett Packard Company, Enterprise Business Division, Technical Services America, Global Parts...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... Parts Supply Chain Group, Including Leased Workers From QFlex, North America Logistics, and UPS, All... Services America, Global Parts Supply Chain Group, Including Leased Workers From QFlex, North America... Business Division, Technical Services America, Global Parts Supply Chain Group, including leased...

  4. MANAGEMENT ANALYSIS AS MEANS OF IMPROVING THE BUSINESS PROCESSES AT THE TOURIST ENTERPRISE: A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glyusa Rafaelovna Bakieva

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In modern conditions of the Russian economy is particularly important for the sustainable functioning of the entire domestic tourism industry and the individual tourist enterprises. The need to improve strategic management of the enterprise is confirmed by a series of bankruptcies of travel companies of Russia: "Neva", "Ideal tour", "Expotour", "Wind Rose. World", "Labyrint" and others. By March 2015, according to the Association of tour operators of Russia (ATOR, the number of tour operators in outbound tourism in The Unified State Register decreased for 30% in comparison with March 2014. For tour operators specializing in outbound tourism, the annual turnover of which does not exceed 250 million rubles, the amount of financial guarantees is 30 million rubles. If the turnover is more than 250 million rubles, the financial guarantee shall be not less than 12% of the total sales. For domestic and outbound tourism financial guarantees amount to 500 thousand rubles. Thus, for most of the tour operators with small volumes, set low thresholds of financial security. This is the first reason of bankruptcy. Russian tour operators have the ability to dump at any time of the year in the expectation that in peak season they will cover losses incurred.

  5. 基于项目的制造型企业经营计划MIS设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Enterprise Business Planning Management Information System Based on Projects——Taking Aviation Enterprise For Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琳; 赵嵩正; 蒋维扬

    2013-01-01

    Aiming at the problem of the difficulties to achieve the business plan objectives and the lack of effective implementation process of feedback mechanism in the process of business planning management,the paper builds a business planning management model based on projects by studying the present situation of enterprise business planning management,directed by business plan and supported by a performance management tool (BSC) for assistance.Considering the demand of enterprise project management,the paper builds the system function structure diagram by using system design theory and entity-relationship approach and designs the database structure to achieve enterprise business planning management information system based on projects.%针对传统经营计划管理存在的经营计划目标难以落实,实施过程缺乏有效的反馈机制问题,在分析企业经营计划管理现状的基础上,以经营计划为牵引,绩效管理工具(平衡计分卡)为辅助,项目为支撑,建立一个基于项目的经营计划管理模型.并结合企业项目管理的需求,应用系统设计理论构建系统的功能结构图,运用实体-关系方法(Entity-Relationship Approach,E-RA)进行数据库结构设计,实现基于项目的企业经营计划管理信息系统.

  6. Lesotho - Enterprise Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The 2011 MCA-Lesotho baseline enterprise survey is a national survey of enterprises. The main objective of the survey was to assess the current status of businesses...

  7. Integrated Business and Engineering Framework for Synthesis and Design of Enterprise-Wide Processing Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Quaglia, Alberto; Sarup, Bent; Sin, Gürkan

    2012-01-01

    of the design problem as a MINLP, reducing thereby the time and cost needed to generate and solve the design/synthesis problems and providing efficient data transfer between the tools. A generic structural process model has been implemented within the framework to describe the multidimensional engineering...... issues allowing thereby fast and flexible model development for various production processes.A case study from vegetable oil industry is used successfully to demonstrate the applicability of the integrated framework for making optimal business and engineering decisions.......The synthesis and design of processing networks is a complex and multidisciplinary problem, which involves many strategic and tactical decisions at business (considering financial criteria, market competition, supply chain network, etc) and engineering levels (considering synthesis, design...

  8. THE ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURSIHP IN PROMOTING SMALL AND MEDIUM - SIZED ENTERPRISES IN AGRO-BUSINESS

    OpenAIRE

    Dalibor Paniæ

    2014-01-01

    Contemporary markets that are distinguished by high degree of instability have prompted the necessity for correction of development models in all economies that are market-orientated and aspiring to be competitive on a global level. As a response to the challenge, many countries have ’turned’ to the sector of small and medium-size companies that have the necessary degree of business flexibility and adaptability in response to external influences. The fundamental development resource of the „s...

  9. Study of Capital Management Status of Small Business Enterprise%小微商业企业资金管理现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴雪峰

    2016-01-01

    Bengbu is the business center in north Anhui, so there are a lot of small business enterprises, which have made great contribution to the economical development of Bengbu. The operating cycle of business enterprise is short and the turnover of capital is fast, so it is easier to appear financial risk. Therefore it is very important to strengthen the capital management of small business enterprise. At present, the small business enterprises in Bengbu have such problems as unsound financial accounting, too much accounts receivable, lack of internal control system, poor inventory management and so on. It is necessary to take targeted measures to strengthen capital management and prevent financial risk.%蚌埠作为皖北地区的商贸中心,小微商业企业的数量较多,它们对蚌埠市的经济发展作出了重要贡献。商业企业的经营周期短,资金周转快,与其他行业相比,更容易出现财务危机。加强小微商业企业的资金管理尤为重要。目前,蚌埠市小微商业企业在资金管理方面存在财务核算不健全、应收账款过多、缺乏内部控制制度、存货管理不善等问题,必须有针对性的采取措施,加强资金管理,防范财务风险。

  10. Towards a Service-Oriented Enterprise: The Design of a Cloud Business Integration Platform in a Medium-Sized Manufacturing Enterprise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stamas, Paul J.

    2013-01-01

    This case study research followed the two-year transition of a medium-sized manufacturing firm towards a service-oriented enterprise. A service-oriented enterprise is an emerging architecture of the firm that leverages the paradigm of services computing to integrate the capabilities of the firm with the complementary competencies of business…

  11. Making Enterprise Information Management (EIM) Work for Business A Guide to Understanding Information as an Asset

    CERN Document Server

    Ladley, John

    2010-01-01

    Organizations of all types struggle with information. Millions of dollars are spent on ERP applications to integrate data and yet this data still isn't accessible or relevant. Emails contain hidden liabilities. Safety manuals endanger workers. Worse, there is data and information being created and handled in every nook and cranny of large organizations, well out of view of formal oversight, but within view of customers and regulators. Thus far, any efforts to wrestle the "data-beast" to the ground have failed, and there exists a profound need for all levels of business management, not just IT,

  12. Private enterprise and digital participation: business model and the right to petition on Change.org

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dafne Calvo

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to approach the role of Change.org as an electronic petition platform in Spain, where there are no alternatives managed by public authorities. By a qualitative content analysis and a semi-structured interview, we research the business model of the page, in order to examine its data protection policy, its user verification system and, in a broader perspective, the legal framework in which it works. Results show the project is not related to Spanish law, it has a weak authentication system and its benefits are based on cost per acquisition.

  13. On the Internal Control of Procurement Business for Construction Enterprise%浅谈施工企业采购业务的内部控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郜飙

    2014-01-01

    This paper expounds the design principle that the construction enterprise procurement shall follow, and combined with the characteristics of the procurement business, effective ways to strengthen internal control are discussed respectively from the aspects of system construction, business process control and so on.%本文阐述施工企业采购业务须遵循的设计原则,结合采购业务的特点,分别从制度建设、业务流程控制等方面探讨加强内部控制的有效途径。

  14. Reengineering multi tiered enterprise business applications for performance enhancement and reciprocal or rectangular hyperbolic relation of variation of data transportation time with row pre-fetch size of relational database drivers

    CERN Document Server

    Sowmiyanarayanan, Sridhar

    2012-01-01

    Reengineering multi tiered enterprise business applications for performance enhancement and reciprocal or rectangular hyperbolic relation of variation of data transportation time with row pre-fetch size of relational database drivers

  15. ANALYSIS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT IN SELECTED TURKISH ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caner Cebeci

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available While the demands of changed market conditions and evolving customer needs threatening the existence of the firms in the market today, it requires a fast-oriented transformation to maintain the presence. Changing institutional and environmental factors, by following closely the technological developments and innovations, give an impetus to the process of new and strategic solutions. In long term, it creates a necessity to businesses, which targets sustainable and profitable acquisitions, a unique opportunity to leave behind its competitors by making a difference for more benefits. In this sense, it is possible with the global market with innovation and dynamic alignment with market conditions and a successful integration of a holistic process management. The top target of the process orientation is to improve the quality and efficiency with the continuous improvements (Cebeci, 2009.

  16. 基于ERP的制造企业商业智能研究%Study on Business Intelligence Based on ERP System of Manufacturing Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝伟

    2012-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the application of business intelligence data mining, prospective analysis and decision support based on ERP system of manufacturing enterprise. The business intelligence composes of BW and BO. BW seamlessly integrates with ERP system through standard data interface, process chain mines massive business data to data warehouse of enterprise. BO generates data tables from data warehouse according to different function requirement, supports further processing business analysis report by extracting data information from BW and allocating standard professional ways of display. The system helps enterprise managers to grasp business trend, find the development trendency and make scientific decision.%对一类基于ERP系统的制造企业,研究商业智能系统的数据挖掘、前瞻性数据分析和决策支持功能应用.商业智能系统采用BW与BO的组合设计.BW的标准数据接口与ERP系统无缝集成,使用处理链实时抽取EPR系统的业务数据到企业数据仓库;BO针对多样性分析需求提取数据仓库中的数据表,配置行业标准展现形式,使用钻取过滤技术制作深层次的动态业务分析报表.基于ERP的制造企业商业智能帮助企业管理人员把握发展趋势,做出科学决策,并在企业生产中取得良好效果.

  17. Research on Innovation Approaches of LED Enterprise Business Model%LE D照明企业商业模式创新路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴琨; 王梦瑶

    2013-01-01

    对商业模式的创新有助于我国LED照明企业把握新机遇,增强国际竞争力。对现有商业模式创新路径的研究进行梳理,针对我国LED照明企业目前存在的问题,以价值链和商业模式构成要素为切入点,从价值链、目标消费者需求、产品和服务、营销策略和战略方向五个方面提出了LED照明企业商业模式创新路径。LED照明企业可以根据自身情况,有选择、阶段性地建立起自己独特的商业模式,实现持续盈利。%Business model innovation helps LED enterprises in China grasp new opportunities and enhance their internation-al competitiveness.The study sorts out the current business model innovation route.In view of the existing problems in LED enterprises in China and starting with the value chain and the elements of business model,the business model innovation route for LED enterprises is proposed from the perspective of value chain,target consumer demand,products and services, marketing strategy and strategic direction.LED lighting companies may,in light of their actual situation,set up their own unique business model selectively and periodically to achieve profitable revenue growth.

  18. The influence of logistics integration on information sharing and business performance: The case of small and medium enterprises in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Chinomona

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Logistics integration across partnering firms has become the backbone of supply chain management as it facilitates information sharing, which is required in order to enhance business performance. This study investigated the mediatory role of information sharing on the relationships between logistics integration and business performance within the small and medium enterprise (SME context. Five research hypotheses were postulated and the hypotheses were empirically tested using sample data from the SME sector in South Africa’s Gauteng Province. The results indicated that logistics integration positively influences information sharing and business performance in a significant way within the context of South African SMEs. Managerial implications of the findings are discussed, whilst limitations and future research directions are indicated.

  19. Configurable Enterprise: A New Trend in Manufacturing Enterprise Evolution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Yuanxun; GUO Jingjuan

    2006-01-01

    Along with the popularity of enterprise applications, the management reform of manufacturing enterprise (ME) relies on the business process reengineering is gradually invalid. Reviewing and comparison the former structure of different enterprise such as extend enterprise, virtual enterprise etc. from the perspective of link, unit, and focus. Through comparison the evolution of ME structure the configurable enterprise (CE) was put forward which based on the information and communication technology providing a new mechanism for the elements configuration and the resources allocation. Based on the reference model of enterprise business architecture, the framework of CE was raised, which includes enterprise business architecture, business model and component. Then modeling the dynamics of CE, the mechanism of key success factors interactions was analyzed and verified the key factors that de decided the evolution of CE which could forecast the development trend of manufacturing enterprise.

  20. Evaluation of the effect of using Information Technology Infrastructure for Business Process Reengineering in Small and Medium sized Enterprises of Kermanshah Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fakhraddin Maroofi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Business process reengineering is an approach to improving organizational performance that focuses on business processes and their efficiency. This paper provides a model interconnecting ICT adoption, ICT-enabled business process re-engineering (BPR, and performance with a balanced score card approach. A relevant literature review, which investigates critical indicators in ICT adoption and its impact on BPR is carried out. To this end, 9 hypotheses were made, research method is descriptive correlation and obviously based on structural equations (AMOS model, being an applied one in terms of its goal. Statistical population consisted of small and medium sized enterprises of Kermanshah province, sample were taken classifiably and observation related to the questionnaire and variables of each hypothesis's items on the scale of likkert were provided. This paper provides empirical evidence to examine how intra- and extra-organizational factors influence ICT adoption, how ICT shapes BPR, and business performance. These findings will be valuable in understanding various motivations of ICT adoption, and predicting outcome of business performance stemming from ICT-enabled BPR. This condition leads to a high resistance and finally the failure of the changes in corporation. The results showed that the adoption of information and communication technologies can improve business process reengineering.

  1. The Impact of the Enterprise Resources Planning Systems on the Innovative Capabilities of the Organization: A Secondary Analysis of the Sectoral E-Business Watch Longitudinal Study 2002-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erturk, Alper

    2012-01-01

    Companies constantly adapt to new business environments in order to be successful and stay relevant. Innovation is a vital source for a company to be competitive in the business environment. Innovations enable companies to develop and utilize new strategies, tools, and tactics as well as new products and services. Enterprise resource planning…

  2. ENHANCING THE SKILLS OF EMPLOYEE TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY AND GROWTH OF BUSINESS ENTERPRISE: A CASE STUDY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO BHARAT PUMPS AND COMPRESSOR LIMITED (BPCL ALLAHABAD INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajesh Kumar Shastri

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Managing successful business enterprise requires human resource skills. Human resource capital is soul of the organization; it is the term which is used to describe the formal system and used as a tool to maximize the productivity and effectiveness of the organization as well as describes the workforce capacity. The mission of employees working in the organization is to acquire, develop and retain talent; and be an excellent contributor to the business enterprises. The field of enterprise development is focused on improving the effectiveness of enterprise as well as the skills of the employees. Enterprises have become increasingly dependent on technical and professional skills of the employees. The increasing number of “technical” position has resulted in changing organizational goal and organizational restructuring; these changes include the need for more cognitive skills as well as greater interpersonal skills. For any organization to perpetuate itself, through growth, there is a basic need for developing its manpower resources. Training helps in the development of skills and also updates the knowledge of the employee. Especially in the rapidly changing society, employee training and development is not only an employee developing activity but also a source to utilize the resources of an organization efficiently, so that it can maintain a viable, knowledgeable workforce and achieve sustainability and growth of the enterprise. Workers’ productivity depends on their skills which help in attaining the growth. It is the magic elixir for the enterprise to sustain in changing environment, especially for ageing advanced economies. A case of Bharat Pump and Compressors Ltd is being used in this paper to explain that skills of employees helps in achieving the milestones of success, perpetual growth and sustainability with the objective to maximize their profits and minimize their risks. In the first section of the paper the necessity of HR skills

  3. Data-Centric Enterprise Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Zeinab Rajabi; Maryam Nooraei Abade

    2012-01-01

    Enterprises choose Enterprise Architecture (EA) solution, in order to overcome dynamic business challenges and in coordinate various enterprise elements. In this article, a solution is suggested for the Enterprise Architecture development. The solution focuses on architecture data in the Enterprise Architecture development process. Data-centric architecture approach is preferred product-centric architecture approach. We suggest using Enterprise Ontology (EO) as context for collecting architec...

  4. Sustainable Enterprise Excellence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edgeman, Rick; Williams, Joseph; Eskildsen, Jacob Kjær

    , supply chain, customer-related, human capital, financial, marketplace, societal, and environmental performance. Sustainable Enterprise Excellence integrates ethical, efficient and effective (E3) enterprise governance with 3E (equity, ecology, economy) Triple Top Line strategy throughout enterprise...... culture and activities to produce Triple Bottom Line 3P (people, planet, profit) performance that are simultaneously pragmatic, innovative and supportive of R3 (Edgeman, 2013). Sustainable Enterprise Excellence (Edgeman & Eskildsen, 2013) or SEE is analogous to Business & Performance Excellence. The role...

  5. Business Strategy Analysis of Small and Medium Scaled Electrical Design Enterprises%中小电力设计企业经营战略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余静

    2013-01-01

      Nowadays, with the development of the national electric power system reform, the separation of major business and supporting business has been ice-breaking started. The large scaled electrical design enterprises already have clear road map. But the small and medium scaled electrical design enterprises do not seem to have any clear target. Under the situation of without clear program of reform, the small and medium scaled electrical design enterprises have to find a way to suvive, to explore a series of business strategy to promote development and growth. At the same time, it has been an important task faced by the small and medium scaled electrical design enterprises on how to promote the rational distribution of electrical design market, how to ensure that enterprises and workers stable, and how to protect power engineering construction avoid from interference. This paper affords solutions of all the questions described above.%  随着国家电力体制改革向纵深发展,电网主辅分离改革工作已经破冰启动、大型电力设计企业已经有了明确的去向,而中小电力设计企业何去何从还没有明确的改革方案的情况下,中小电力设计企业需要找到市场竞争形势变革的突破口,需要找到自己的生存和发展之路,选择切实可行的经营战略使自己生存下来,并促进电力设计市场合理布局的形成、保证企业和职工稳定、保障电力工程的建设不受影响,已成为中小电力设计企业面临的重要课题。

  6. Literature Review of Business Model Innovation for Platform Enterprise Based on the Use of Internet%基于互联网的平台型企业商业模式创新研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娜

    2016-01-01

    In this paper ,based on the literature review about the platform based enterprise business model innovation published at home and abroad in recent years ,we analyzed the Platform Enterprise connotation .And on the basis of business model innovation meaning ,we gave a detailed analysis of the main methods of platform enterprise business model innovation ,features and critical success factors .Finally ,we built a theoretical framework model for platform enterprise business model innovation ,in order to lay a solid foundation for a more in depth research on platform enterprise business model innovation .%在对近年来发表的国内外关于平台型企业商业模式创新研究文献进行回溯的基础上,分析了平台企业内涵,并在给定商业模式创新内涵的基础上,对基于互联网平台企业商业模式创新路径、特征和关键成功要素进行了详细分析,构建了平台企业商业模式创新理论框架模型,为下一步深入研究奠定了坚实基础.

  7. The Current Situation and Strategies of Enterprise Succession in Dongguan Family Business%东莞家族企业继任现状及策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳; 刘永安

    2014-01-01

    The enterprise succession has become a prominent issue in Dongguang family business .Based on the current sit-uation of enterprise succession , the paper points out three Strategies must be implemented in Dongguang family business .%继任问题是东莞家族企业可持续发展必须面对的挑战。本文在对东莞家族企业继任问题的现状进行分析的基础上,提出了东莞家族企业必须重视家族企业继任问题,制定家族企业接班人计划;根据自身特点,选择符合企业永续发展的继任模式;采取各种方式对继任者进行培育,全面提升继任者素质等策略。

  8. 关于企业通用行政管理业务流程的探讨%Discussion of general administrative management of enterprise business processes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈夏仙; 张小琴; 张海波

    2013-01-01

    本文阐述流程的定义以及流程管理对企业的意义.详细描述行政管理的概念,行政管理中业务流程的分类及其相关的关键流程.对流程建模的主要方法与步骤,如何通过业务流程管理来加强企业的行政管理方面进行了探讨和研究.%The definition of the process and the significance of the process management of the enterprise were described in the paper.It was a detailed description of the concept of administrative management,the classification of business process and the related key process in administrative management.The main methods and steps of the process modeling were also discussed.Finally,the paper studied on how to strengthen the administrative management of enterprise by the management of business process.

  9. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts - Volusia County Enterprise Zones

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Florida's Enterprise Zone Program encourages economic growth and investment in distressed areas by offering tax advantages and incentives to businesses that are...

  10. Application of Business English in Enterprise Management%商务英语在企业管理中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓华

    2012-01-01

    Cultural differences can not be ignored in the application of English for business managers, business managers must understand the cultural differences while focus on improving their English communication ability, and then can enhance the competitiveness of enterprises by using English, in the use of English, business managers should reflect China's national characteristics when understanding the foreign culture as far as possible, so as to greatly improve the influence and level of management, enabling enterprises to be more long-term development. This article will focus on exploring the cultural differences of business managers in the use of the English and being emphasis on cultural differences for business managers in the use of English, by the analysis of these two points, cultural differences in the use of English for business managers can not be ignored is exposited.%文化差异在企业管理者的英语运用中不容忽视,企业管理者在注重提高自己英语交际能力的同时,必须要了解中西文化差异,这样才能够更好的利用英语提高企业的竞争力.企业管理者在英语运用中尽量能够在了解国外文化的同时体现出我国的民族特色,这样才能够在很大程度上提高企业的影响力与管理水平,使企业能够得到更加长远的发展.本文将要探讨的重点就是企业管理者在英语运用中的文化差异以及企业管理者必须在英语运用中重视文化差异.通过对这两点的分析更加深刻的阐述文化差异在企业管理者的英语运用中不容忽视.

  11. Accumulation and Circulation of the Knowledge Needed for Biotech Business Promotion by Engineers of R&D Section in an IT Enterprise: The Case of Hitachi Software Engineering Co., Ltd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hirofumi Ota

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Much research has been carried out on the accumulation and effective use of knowledge as a company-specific form of intellectual property. However, insufficient attention has been given to research focusing on the effects of micro-level knowledge absorption and its effective use. In this paper, we try to demonstrate what should be done in order to promote new biotech business from the perspective of each engineer’s knowledge, through a micro-level investigation focusing on the life science business section of one IT enterprise. Based on the results of a questionnaire survey of engineers, interviews of several engineers, and patent data analysis, we discuss the progress of the biotech business in an IT enterprise from the aspect of accumulation and circulation of knowledge in a core technology field, the IT business, and a technology field of new entry, the biotech business. This paper reports that the positive growth cycle of biotech business promotion in an IT enterprise, using Hitachi Software Engineering Co., Ltd. as a case, attained by incorporating the latest biotech knowledge from junior engineers and utilizing IT knowledge from middle engineers leads to the recruiting of qualified students.Keywords: accumulation and circulation of the knowledge, biotech business, open innovation, patent data analysis, questionnaire survey

  12. Design and implementation of enterprise business website based on ASP%基于ASP技术的企业商务网站的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武怀生; 李秀明

    2014-01-01

    According to the market demand,the B / S structure model of enterprise business website was built,and the"Yijia Decoration" dynamic site system was developed based on Asp & Access software. The software can realize the dynamic functions of modular program management,foreground and background separation operation,system upgrade and maintenance, timely information announcement,etc. The mode architecture,structural design,database design and program design are de-scribed in this paper. Some ideas to build the enterprise business website based on ASP are proposed in combination with the functional needs of enterprise business websites. Experimental results show that the software’s predicting results are consistent with the design functions,and its operation is simple and stable. The system can develop the business platform for the display of goods and communication with customers by adjusting the foreground module,background module and background parameters. It also has a certain reference value for general dynamic website design.%根据市场需求架构了企业商务网站的B/S结构模型,并基于ASP&Access软件开发了“宜家装饰工程”动态站点系统。该软件可实现程序模块化管理、前后台分离操作、系统升级维护简单及信息发表及时方便等动态功能。以描述的角度从模式架构、结构设计、数据库设计和程序设计等几个方面,并结合商务网站的功能需求提出基于ASP技术的企业商务网站的建设思路。实测结果表明,软件预测结果与设计功能吻合,操作简便且运行稳定。该系统可通过前台模块的调整和后台参数的修改开发商品展示及与客户交流的商务平台,对于通用的动态网站设计也具有一定的参考价值。

  13. Restoring Model of Enterprise Core Business Based on the Invisible Assets%基于隐形资产的企业核心业务重塑模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江维; 郑伟红; 刁兆峰

    2014-01-01

    外部环境的激烈变化和企业间竞争的加剧,大大缩短了企业核心业务的生命周期,企业的业务转型和核心业务重塑势在必行。该文认为企业以原有核心业务积累的隐形资产为基础进行业务转型与重塑风险更小。论文以隐形能力为横坐标,以隐形资源为纵坐标,构建了基于隐形资产的企业核心业务重塑矩阵和九宫图,并以此为思维框架,归纳提出了8种基于隐形资产的核心业务重塑模式,分析了每种模式的特点和适用性。%The change of external environment and fierce competition between enterprises have shorten the life cycle of the enterprise's core business,so enterprise business transformation and core business reshaping is imperative.This paper argues that the business transformation and reshape of enterprise on the basis of the invisible assets in the origi-nal core business accumulation have less risky.Stealth ability as the abscissa,invisible resources as the ordinate,this pa-per built reshape matrix and nine palaces graph of enterprise core business based on invisible assets.Taking this as a thinking framework,this paper summarized eight kinds of the core business of restore mode and analyzed the character-istics and applicability of each mode.

  14. The Effect of Education on Business Skills Cognition: The Case of Indigenous Microscale Enterprise Owners in Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosire, Joseph; Etyang, Martin

    2003-01-01

    Interviews, observations, and checklists were used to measure business skills cognition of 208 informal-sector microenterprise owners in Kenya (91 had some primary, 109 some secondary, and 4 some postsecondary education). The association between educational level and business skills cognition was significant and positive. (Contains 27 references.)…

  15. Sustainable Enterprise Excellence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edgeman, Rick

    2013-01-01

    Implications: The assessment approach presented enables both enterprise progress toward Sustainable Enterprise Excellence and enterprise-to-enterprise comparability. Foresight provided by the assessment enables further advancement. Social Implications: The social and environmental dimensions of SEE imply...... that enterprises progressing with respect to its model will of necessity positively contribute to the social fabric. Originality: Sustainable Enterprise Excellence as superior TBL performance resulting from integration of ethical, effective and efficient governance with triple top line strategy is developed......Structured Abstract Purpose: Sustainable Enterprise Excellence (SEE) is defined and developed through integration and expansion of business excellence modeling and sustainability thought. The intent is to enable simple yet reliable enterprise assessment of triple bottom line (TBL) performance...

  16. Application of Data Mining in the Customer Relationship Management of Electric Business Enterprises%数据挖掘在电商企业 CRM 中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪莹; 王光岐

    2014-01-01

    Firstly ,the connotation of data mining and the customer relationship management (CRM ) of electric business enterprises was expounded . Then , the role of data mining in the CRM of electricitybusiness enterprises was analyzed ,which include new customer acquisition ,customer segmentation ,cross marketing ,customer retention and customer profitability analysis .Next ,the architecture of the CRM of electric business enterprises based on data mining was constructed ,and the realization process of the CRM of electric business enterprises based on data mining was elaborated .Finally ,with the implementation of the CRM based on data mining in electricity business enterprises ,electricity business enterprises will gain benefits such as intelligence ,individuation ,integration and sharing .%首先,论文阐述数据挖掘与电商企业客户关系管理(CRM )的内涵,分析数据挖掘在电商企业CRM 中的作用,包括获取新客户、客户细分、交叉营销、客户保持、客户盈利能力分析。其次,构架基于数据挖掘的电商企业CRM 的体系结构,并阐述基于数据挖掘的电商企业CRM的实现过程。最后,分析基于数据挖掘的电商企业CRM 的实施,给电商企业带来智能化、个性化、集成化、共享化的好处。

  17. Marketing Strategy of Business to Team Enterprise in China%中国网络团购企业营销策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟

    2012-01-01

    The development of internet of China is following America. Since 2010, China begins to operate business to team imitating American Groupon model. Because of covenant-lite, serious homogenization of industrial core value, and unabiding marketing effect, the prospect of most of business to team enterprise is grim, the industry faced with the recombination. Facing with the situation, it is necessary to research and discuss the marketing link of business to team.%中国互联网的发展走的是模仿美国之路.自2010年初美国Groupon团购模式在中国被成功复制后,Groupon模式的中国团购网站迅速出现.但是由于行业进入门槛过低、行业核心价值同质化严重、商家营销效果不能持久等不利因素,让绝大多数网络团购企业的发展前景黯淡,整个行业面临洗牌.面对这种局面,因此有必要对团购市场中的营销环节进行研究和探讨.

  18. Developing Innovative Competences in an Emerging Business System: New Private Enterprises in Hangzhou’s Software Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.J. Greeven (Mark); Z. Xiaodong (Zhao)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractWhat kind of innovative competences are credibly developed by private entrepreneurs in China’s transition economy? On the basis of original empirical fieldwork in 45 software enterprises in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, we propose a working theory of innovative competence development in a

  19. ADVANCES IN DECISION ANALYSIS AND SYSTEMS ENGINEERING FOR MANAGING LARGE-SCALE ENTERPRISES IN A VOLATILE WORLD: INTEGRATING BENEFITS, OPPORTUNITIES, COSTS AND RISKS (BOCR) WITH THE BUSINESS MOTIVATION MODEL (BMM)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tom FEGLAR; Jason K.LEVY; Tatiana FEGLAR; Tomas FEGLAR,JR.

    2006-01-01

    Over the past few decades, innovations in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)have led to a significant increase in the complexity of enterprise information systems. This has led to new challenges for enterprise architects, systems engineers, business managers and other decision makers who must cope with the complexity of business plans and processes (particularly automated engineering processes). In order to better manage this complexity, the Business Rule Group (BRG) has put forth the Business Motivation Model (BMM). The original BMM uses a SWOT (Strength,Weakness, Opportunity, and Threat) decision analysis approach. However, the SWOT framework contains significant limitations with respect to decision making and ICT risks, hampering the decision making ability of enterprise architects, business managers, engineers, and other decision makers. The AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) and ANP (Analytic Network Process) are among the most widely used decision making tools: they commonly implement a Benefit - Opportunity - Cost - Risk (BOCR)analysis to improve the effectiveness of business decision making. A new approach is put forth that replaces the original SWOT assessment with an ANP-based BOCR analysis. As well, the original BMM is modified and applied in a Component Architecture Framework (CAF).

  20. Factors Influencing Electronic Business Technologies Adoption and Use by Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMES in a Nigerian Municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wole Olatokun

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the adoption of e-business technologies by SMEs in Ibadan a metropolitan city in South West Nigeria. It aimed at finding out the factors that promote and inhibit the adoption of e-business technologies, the kinds of e-business technologies adopted and used and their extent of use. It also identified the challenges faced by SMEs with regard to e-business technologies use. Descriptive survey research design was adopted. Data were collected with structured questionnaires administered among sixty SMEs (30 adopters and 30 non-adopters. Four hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were analyzed using frequency and percentage distributions, t-test and multiple regression. Results showed that majority of the firms were smaller firms with 0-9 employees and not less than 1-5 years of establishment. The respondents cited perceived benefits as the major factor for adopting e-business technologies in their firms while 83.4% of non-adopters agreed that low capital base was the major reason inhibiting them from adoption. Hundred percent of the firms each have adopted internet technology and electronic mail which are daily used by all the firms. The major service provided with the use of these technologies was e-mail to communicate with customers and suppliers. On the benefit and challenges of e-business, all the organizations affirmed that e-business have benefited them in the sharing and exchange of information and improving market share. About 96.7% of them affirmed inadequate technical manpower as the major challenge. Further results revealed that the age of the SMEs had significant relationship on the adoption of e-business while size had no significant relationship. Independent variables jointly correlated significantly with the adoption of electronic business (R=0.162 and they contributed (22% to the variance of the dependent variables. Their significant contributions were as follows: perceived benefit (β=0.568, p

  1. The role of business planning in small and medium-sized enterprises, within Absa Bank Limited / Lourens Johannes van Tonder

    OpenAIRE

    Van Tonder, Lourens Johannes

    2007-01-01

    The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor report of 2006 revealed that since 2000 a total number of 24,920 business liquidations and 18,730 insolvencies amounted in South Africa. In a country where entrepreneurship holds the key to economic growth this is a worrying founding. Commercial banks are profit seeking and risk-averse institutions needing to be satisfied in respect of financial stability of SMEs that seek funding from these institutions. This study researches the role of business planning ...

  2. Family and Enterprise

    OpenAIRE

    Fletcher, Denise Elaine

    2006-01-01

    This chapter provides a review of the different approaches that have been utilised to examine the link between family and enterprise. Definitional issues are addressed, as are rationalist and ‘systems’ ways of evaluating the relationship between family and enterprise. Criticism is made of the effects of rationalist thinking on studies of family businesses which have tended to create duality and polarity in our understanding of the family-enterprise relationship. It is argued that a developm...

  3. The role of human-at-work systems in business sustainability: perspectives based on expert and qualified production workers in a manufacturing enterprise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genaidy, Ash M; Rinder, Maria M; Sequeira, Reynold; A-Rehim, Amal

    2010-04-01

    A community of highly qualified employees is desirable for the workforce to become a competitive business advantage, improving and sustaining corporate health. Currently, the scientific literature is limited on information comparing the assessment of expert and qualified workers for the employee-work environment interface. Such information would be valuable for industrial managers to obtain and act on the different perspectives of its workers for business improvement and survivability. A primary objective of this study is to explore the perspectives of expert and qualified workers on the quality of the employee-work environment interface in a manufacturing enterprise. This investigation was performed in a production department in a small manufacturing enterprise. Two expert workers participated in the study, with each being in the company for 30 years and having performed all jobs in the production department as well as supervisory and line management responsibilities. A total of 13 qualified workers from day and night shifts were used in the study, with the great majority of workers possessing 10 or more years of on-the-job experience but not acquiring the same specialised knowledge required for operating the technological resources in the department. The work compatibility methodology was used to assess the quality of employee-work environment interface for both expert and qualified workers. Both expert and qualified workers provided similar trends in terms of their compatibility assessment of experienced and acting work domains. In general, the compatibility levels for the day shift were poorer than those obtained for the night shift for acting work domains. The similarities in assessment between the expert and qualified workers were much closer for factors impacting job performance at the task and immediate surrounding levels (i.e. physical and mental task content, physical environment). There were greater differences at the macro level, that is, at the process

  4. 浅析制造企业销售业务内部控制%Analysis on internal control of sales business in manufacturing enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚运运

    2016-01-01

    通过分析制造企业销售业务存在的主要问题,提供了制造企业必须加强对客户信用风险、销售业务合同、发货环节、发票开具、销售账款催收等方面的内部控制策略和方法,为制造企业提高销售业务水平,更好地实施对销售业务的内部控制工作提供借鉴和参考。%By analyzing the main problems in the sales business of manufacturing enterprises, the paper provides the internal control strategies and methods for manufacturing enterprises to strengthen credit risk, sales contracts, delivery links, invoicing and collection of receivables, which provides a reference for improving the level of sales operations, and making better implementation of the internal control of sales operations.

  5. 烟草商业企业物流成本管理初探%Discussion on Logistics Cost Management of Tobacco Business Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘武兵

    2014-01-01

    物流成本是企业竞争力和管理水平的重要指标,烟草商业企业费用控制的重点是物流成本。文中从烟草物流成本管理的重要意义谈起,对目前烟草商业物流成本管理中存在的问题进行了具体分析,并提出加强物流成本管理、降低物流成本的有效途径。%Logistics cost is an important index of the competitiveness of enterprises and the level of management ,focus on the tobacco commercial enterprise cost control is the cost of logistics .This paper begins from the importance of tobacco logistics cost management , the tobacco business logistics cost management problems are analyzed , and puts forward the logistics cost management ,an effective way to reduce logistics cost .

  6. Upgrading the Core Competition Ability of Small and Medium Business Enterprise%提高中小流通企业核心竞争力论析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈进德

    2012-01-01

    目前,国内中小流通企业面临着发展规模小、管理水平低等问题,要实现中小流通企业可持续发展,提高其核心竞争力已经势在必行。实践中,中小流通企业可通过促进企业信息化发展、完善战略化管理模式、实行差异化产品及服务战略等方式来实现提高核心竞争力这一目标,使其在竞争中处于优势地位,实现稳步发展。%At present, Chinese small and medium business enterprises face the following problems: small size in development, low level management. In order to make it sustainable development, it is necessary to up- grade the core competition abilities. In practice, by improving the informational development of enterprises, perfecting strategic management modes, product differentia and service strategy, core competition ability was upgraded and develops steadily.

  7. Business Tax in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RICHARD; HOFFMANN

    2009-01-01

    Business tax is a tax payable against turnover by all enterprises and individuals undertaking the following business activities:providing taxable services, including communication, transport, construction, finance and insurance, telecom, culture,

  8. 商务日语教学与日本企业文化导入%Import business in Japanese teaching and Japanese enterprise culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朴春花

    2015-01-01

    Japan is an economic superpower, China is one of Japan's largest trading partner, the trade between the two countries have become more frequent. Along with the market demand for Japanese talent is constantly expanding, the number of people learning Japanese is also growing. Many colleges and universities are adding Japanese professional or business Japanese majors to meet the demand of the market. This study mainly analyzes the business in Japanese education, how to import the Japanese enterprise culture, in turn, help students into the Japanese company, communicate with Japanese colleagues smoothly in the work.%日本是经济大国,中国是日本最大的贸易伙伴之一,两国之间的贸易越来越频繁。随着市场对日语人才的需求也不断扩大,学习日语的人数也不断增多。很多高等院校纷纷增设日语专业或商务日语专业来满足市场的需求。本研究主要分析商务日语教育中如何导入日本企业文化,进而帮助学生融入日本公司,与工作中的日本同事顺畅地交流。

  9. Trafficking in human beings as an enterprise: : Highlighting key questions about data shortage on the business side

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muraszkiewicz, J.; Watson, H; Wadwa, K.; de Hert, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Researchers and policymakers face a shortage of data on the business side of human trafficking. This inevitably leads to problems when trying to combat this crime. Questions such as: who is involved in trafficking, how do they operate, what is their relationship with organised crime groups (or other

  10. Strategic Planning in the Business Enterprise of Christian Colleges and Universities: A Multi-Case Study Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Wayne Lewis

    2013-01-01

    Many tuition-driven private colleges and universities struggled for economic survival in the first decade of this millennium. The current study views higher education from a two-good framework that posits that every college and university provides teaching and service for the societal good while generating revenue from traditional business-like…

  11. Scientifically-applied aspects of management process-oriented on industrial enterprises during realization of reengineering of business processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.M. Taranyuk

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article the questions of theoretical base of process-oriented management is considered, features of functional and process management are investigated, pre-conditions and problem moments of introduction of the process-oriented management are certain, applied aspects of introduction of process management on a production during realization reengineering business process are analyses.

  12. Solution to enterprise resource planning; ERP solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, M.; Okajima, E. [Fuji Electric Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    2000-05-10

    The environment around enterprises has greatly changed in sluggish Japanese economy since the bubble burst. To make the total enterprise activity efficient and speedy and to flexibly meet changes in enterprise environments and diversified customer needs, enterprises are planning to shift the existing methods to enterprise resource planning (ERP) as the infrastructure of strategic enterprise management. This paper describes the solution to ERP which is package software for the key system, the core of enterprise basic business, and also an application example, giving guideline for restructuring the basic business. (author)

  13. PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AGAINST THE ADVERSE IMPACT OF TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND OTHER BUSINESS ENTERPRISES: DILEMMAS OF INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Machoňová-Schellongová Ivana

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available There is no doubt about an impact of corporate and business operations on human rights, both positive and negative. Growing influence of corporations, power shift between business and states, as well as the complex nature of corporate governance and transnational operations require international regulations. International community undertook numerous initiatives, the most significant and recent being the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights [2011], embraced by States, corporations and civil society as a “milestone“ in business and human rights agenda. While being a  useful comprehensive set of guidelines, Principles are lacking the legally binding force and any monitoring or complaints mechanism. Therefore, there are growing calls for a legally binding treaty to stipulate clearly human rights obligations of States/businesses vis-à-vis human rights and fill the protection gap for victims of corporate abuses. A newly established working group by the Human Rights Council has started to negotiate terms of reference of such a treaty in June 2015. However, meaningful negotiations are threatened by many factors, including the negative approach of US, EU and other developed States along with the corporate sector advocating for stronger implementation of Principles instead. This article aims to describe efforts of international community to prevent and eliminate a  negative impact of corporate activities on human rights. It shows different approaches and highlights some challenges and dilemmas. It concludes that parallel efforts should be undertaken - to implement the Principles and to negotiate an international treaty – in order to improve protection against an adverse impact of corporate operations on human rights. As for the Czech Republic, it is suggested to embark on the elaboration of the National Action Plan, thus providing for an opportunity to discuss implementation of the Principles among all the

  14. 我国企业应用商务智能的现状、挑战与对策研究%Analysis on Present Situation, Challenges and Countermeasures of Application of Business Intelligence in Chinese Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘泽

    2012-01-01

    The development of information technique and demand of data requirements of enterprise improve the enterprises information to a stage of business intelligence. Nowadays, owing to lack of realization of the value and implementation conditions of business intelligence, Chinese enterprises indeed face lots of problems. Starting from the angle of application, this paper discusses the present situation, the challenges and the countermeasures of business intelligence in Chinese enterprises.%不断成熟的信息技术和企业的数据需求共同椎动企业信息化进入了商务智能阶段.目前,我国企业对商务智能的价值与实施条件还缺乏足够的认知,在商务智能的实施中遇到不少困难.从应用的角度,探讨了我国企业商务智能的现状、面临的挑战及应采取的对策.

  15. Lightweight enterprise architectures

    CERN Document Server

    Theuerkorn, Fenix

    2004-01-01

    STATE OF ARCHITECTUREArchitectural ChaosRelation of Technology and Architecture The Many Faces of Architecture The Scope of Enterprise Architecture The Need for Enterprise ArchitectureThe History of Architecture The Current Environment Standardization Barriers The Need for Lightweight Architecture in the EnterpriseThe Cost of TechnologyThe Benefits of Enterprise Architecture The Domains of Architecture The Gap between Business and ITWhere Does LEA Fit? LEA's FrameworkFrameworks, Methodologies, and Approaches The Framework of LEATypes of Methodologies Types of ApproachesActual System Environmen

  16. Enterprise Architecture Evaluation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Peter; Carugati, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    By being holistically preoccupied with coherency among organizational elements such as organizational strategy, business needs and the IT functions role in supporting the business, enterprise architecture (EA) has grown to become a core competitive advantage. Though EA is a maturing research area...

  17. Influence of the"Business Tax to AVT"to the Software Enterprise and the Coping Strategies%浅析“营改增”对软件企业的影响及应对策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐玉

    2014-01-01

    The Ministry of Finance and State Administration of Taxation require that Shanghai carry out the business tax to AVT from January 1, 2012, which influent software enterprises significantly. From the macro level analysis,"Business tax to AVT"can help to alleviate burdens on software enterprises. From the micro level analysis,"Business tax to AVT"has different effects on different types of software enterprises. In this paper, the analysis of"Business tax to AVT"shows the challenges and the effect it makes to software enterprises. It also tries to explore the coping strategies for software enterprises.%财政部、国家税务总局要求2012年1月1日起,率先在上海市开展营业税改征增值税的试点,此次改革对软件企业影响显著。从宏观层面分析,“营改增”对于软件业整体具有减负的效果。从微观层面分析,“营改增”则对不同类型的软件企业具有不同的影响。为此,本文通过实例,分析“营改增”对软件企业产生的效应及带来的挑战,尝试探究软件企业的应对策略。

  18. An Analysis on Business Models for Manufacturing Enterprises%制造业企业商业模式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨一帆; 王伟; 敖敬宁; 魏云捷; 季梦晨; 姜懋; 徐大为; 胡毅; 乔晗

    2015-01-01

    With the advance of the information revolution and economic globalization, entrepreneurs are now living in a more volatile and complex market environment than before. The competition between companies is now not only limited in products, technology and capital, but also the competition between different business models. As a pillar industry of the national economy, Chinese manufacturing industry is facing more pressure and challenge in transformation and upgrading, which has important sense on the study of business model. This research starts with a review of the studies on business models, following by the analyzing the changes of business models when the traditional manufacturing industry transforms to the modern manufacturing industry. Then the different business models of the modern manufacturing industry are discussed from three perspectives, i.e., informatization, servitization and greening. At last, we make a summary and present several policy suggestions on the innovation of business models for Chinese manufacturing industry.%随着信息化和经济全球化进程的不断推进,企业面临的市场环境更加复杂多变.企业之间的竞争不再局限于产品、技术和资本的竞争,而是上升到商业模式的竞争.制造业作为我国国民经济的支柱行业,面临着转型升级的巨大压力,对其商业模式的研究具有重要意义.本文首先对商业模式的概念进行回顾;然后分析传统制造业向现代制造业转变的过程中商业模式的变化;接着从信息化、服务化和绿色化3个角度对现代制造业企业的商业模式进行剖析;最后,本文针对制造业企业商业模式创新提出一些政策建议.

  19. Bases de e-government y e-business dadas por un modelo de administración de proyectos según la teoría de enterprise engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Montejano, Germán Antonio; Pérez Cota, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    La Enterprise Engineering es una disciplina emergente para hacer frente a los desafíos (agilidad, adaptabilidad, etc.) y las oportunidades (nuevos mercados, nuevas tecnologías, etc.) que enfrentan las empresas actuales, incluyendo las instituciones comerciales, gubernamentales y sin fines de lucro [1], [2]. Para el caso que nos convoca: e-business, e-government. La Enterprise Engineering se basa en el paradigma de que estas empresas están estructuradas por sistemas diseñados con un propósi...

  20. İşletmelerde Sosyal Sorumluluk ve İş Ahlakı(Social Responsibility and Business Ethics in Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Eser NALBANT

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Companies that want to establish healty relationships with the society have to act with the social responsibility conscious. Acting socially responsible increases the respectability of companies in the society. Entities that don’t consider their responsibilities important towards the society and don’t act based on business ethics might get negative reactions from the society and be confronted with significant market losses.

  1. Doing Business in Mexico : A Guide Designed for Practitioners in Swiss Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Zimmermann, Thomas A.

    2002-01-01

    Am 1. Juli 2001 trat ein weitreichendes Freihandelsabkommen zwischen den EFTA-Staaten und Mexiko in Kraft. Das englischsprachige Buch "Doing Business in Mexico" gibt Schweizer Klein- und Mittelunternehmen, welche das Potential Mexikos als Exportmarkt und Investitionsstandort nutzen möchten, gezielte Unterstützung. Der umfassende Leitfaden enthält Informationen und Empfehlungen zu Marktforschung, Markteintritt und Investitionen in Mexiko. Das Buch ist verfügbar über den Buchhandel zum Preis vo...

  2. Business competitiveness in the small and medium-sized enterprises of the manufacturing sector in Baja California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Alejandro Ibarra Cisneros

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to determine the competitiveness level of the manufacturing small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs of Baja California and to identify which areas within them affect this competitiveness. The methodology used is descriptive, correlational, and cross-sectional; the systemic competitiveness model is developed at the micro level, and a measurement instrument with 64 questions is used on 195 companies in the state; in addition, traditional multiple linear regressions are performed to test the hypotheses. One of the findings is that the SMEs in the state have a medium-low competitiveness level and do not show any relationship between the size of the companies and their competitiveness; however, the production-operations area prove to be more important for their competitiveness level. Although the measurement instrument that is used has no proportionality at the municipality and subsector level, it does allow us to approach the internal operation of the SMEs.

  3. 供电企业电力营销业务质量评价的探讨%Power supply enterprises quality evaluation of electric power marketing business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱碧莹

    2015-01-01

    随着电力市场的不断扩大、政府部门对供电监管力度的逐步加强、用电客户对供电服务要求的提高,电网运营重点从发电侧逐渐向售电侧转变,电力营销的重要性日益明显,能否为电力客户提供优质的营销服务已成为供电企业提高自身竞争力的重要手段.因此,对供电企业的营销服务质量进行评价显得尤为重要,本文对供电企业电力营销业务质量评价提出探讨并举例进行实证分析,希冀对同行带来一些参考及借鉴.%With theexpansion of the power market,the government departments of power supply supervision gradually strengthen, customers on the improvement of power supply service requirements,and electricity grid operating focus shift from power generation side to sell electricity side,the importance of electric power marketing is becoming more and more apparent,whether for electricity customers to provide quality marketing services has become an important means of power supply enterprises improve their competitiveness. Therefore,to evaluate the quality of power supply enterprise marketing services is particularly important, in this paper,the power supply quality of electric power marketing business evaluation is proposed to explore and carries on the empirical analysis, for example,hopes to bring some reference and reference.

  4. Implications of social enterprise for community nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAusland, Scott

    Scott McAusland outlines the key points of the Queen's Nursing Institute briefing paper Social Enterprise and argues that many clinicians need to develop business and financial skills to take up social enterprise opportunities.

  5. Application of the Three-level Wholesale System in Tobacco Business Enterprises%烟草商业企业三级批发系统应用浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高文博

    2015-01-01

    伴随我国经济的发展与开放,我国企业不但要面临激烈的国内竞争,更要应对国际竞争。在面对国内外竞争的时候,往往制胜的关键就是企业的创新发展。但是烟草商业企业由于其有别与工业企业,具有其特殊性,在这方面一直还没有一个完善的类似于SAP的管理系统。面对此种境况,上海烟草集团杨浦烟草商业公司不断开拓创新,引进吸收国际先进的杂A孕系统管理理念,开发应用了具有烟草商业企业特色的三级批发系统并在实际应用中取得了明显的效果。%Along with the economic development and opening up of China, the enterprises not only face fierce domestic competition, but also need to cope with the international competition. In the face of competition at home and abroad, innovative development is the key factor of the wining of the enterprise. But tobacco business enterprises are different from industrial enterprises, and have their particularity. There is still not a sound management system similar to SAP system. In the face of such situation, Shanghai Tobacco Group Yangpu Tobacco Business Company constantly blazes new trails, introduces the international advanced management idea, SAP system and developed and applied the three-level wholesale system with the characteristic of the tobacco business enterprise and obtained obvious effect in practical application.

  6. Analysis of Logistics Enterprise Business Innovation Based on Evolution of Marketing Mix Strategy%基于营销组合策略演进的物流企业业务创新分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王高社; 吴志强

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,from an evolutionary perspective on marketing mix strategy,we analyzed the characteristics,driving force and strategy of logistics enterprise business innovation and provided the preliminary framework for the theoretical analysis of the business innovation of logistics enterprises.%主要从营销组合策略演进的视角,分析物流企业业务创新的特点、业务创新的驱动力以及创新的策略,为物流企业的业务创新提供了初步的理论分析框架,对物流企业的发展具有一定的参考价值和借鉴意义.

  7. A study on relationship between emotional intelligence components of sales managers from Goleman’s viewpoint and sales promotion activities in Iranian business enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Ghalandari

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Winners of the future competition are managers who communicate their human resources in an effective and rewarding way. In this respect, emotional intelligence is an advanced form of focusing on humans in organizational environment and it is a new and suitable instrument for business managers and market theoreticians to direct and satisfy organizational employees and external customers. This paper investigates the relationship between emotional intelligence dimensions and components including self-awareness, self-management, self-motivation, social awareness and relation management and sales promotion activities in Iranian business enterprises. Present research was an applied one with respect to its purpose and a correlational descriptive-survey one with respect to data collection method. Statistical population of the study comprised of 534 managers operating at firms located at West Azarbaijan province in food industry. Among them 225 managers were selected using random sampling procedure based on Krejcie and Morgan’s table. Data on emotional intelligence variable were collected using Goleman’s Emotional Competence Inventory. In addition, sales promotion variable was evaluated using an author-developed questionnaire and reliabilities of these two scales were respectively 0.92 and 0.89. Given the normality of data according to Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Pearson’s correlation test was used to identify the type of relationship between variables and results suggested a direct significant relationship between all emotional intelligence components including self-awareness, self-management, self- motivation, social awareness and relation management and sales promotion activities at significance level of p ≤0.05.

  8. Measurement of the Level of Vertical Integration of PV Enterprises and Its Impact on Business Performance%光伏企业纵向一体化的水平测度及对经营绩效的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张祥; 王经亚; 周敏

    2016-01-01

    文章从光伏制造产业链的特征出发设计科学测度方法,得出2008-2014年间20家光伏企业纵向一体化程度的面板数据。在此基础上运用变系数面板数据模型分析了纵向一体化对企业经营绩效影响,研究表明:大多数光伏企业通过实施纵向一体化能有效提升盈利能力,下游企业往往比上游企业能从新增投资中获得更多回报,光伏行业总体价格指数与大多数企业的主营收入呈正相关,但对上游企业的盈利能力影响更大。%From the perspective of characteristics of photovoltaic manufacturing industry chain,this paper designs a scientific measurement method,and draws the panel data of the vertical integration level of 20 PV enterprises from 2008 to 2014. On this basis,the impact of vertical integration on enterprise business performance is analyzed by using variable coefficient panel data model. The research shows that the majority of photovoltaic enterprises can effectively improve profitability through the implementation of vertical integration. The downstream enterprises are often better than the upstream companies to get a better return. The overall price index of photovoltaic industry is positively related to the main business income of most enterprises , but the impact on the profitability of upstream enterprises is greater.

  9. Experimental teaching of sand table simulation for enterprise business%企业经营沙盘模拟实验教学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡凯

    2012-01-01

    The sand table simulation for enterprise business has been widely spread to use in economic management teaching in resent years, it is based on ERP management thought and experiential-learning theory. Combined with teaching practice, this paper summarizes the course's features, such as interesting, competition, system integration and team cooperation. The teaching goals of inspiring students' innovation spirit , training practical ability and improving communication skills are put forward.%“企业经营沙盘模拟”是基于ERP管理思想和体验式学习理论发展起来的、近年来广泛应用于经济管理类专业教学的一门课程.结合教学实践,总结了企业经营沙盘模拟趣味性、竞争性、系统集成性、团队合作性等特点,提出了激发学生创新精神、锻炼学生实践能力、提高学生沟通技能等教学目标.

  10. “营改增”对建筑安装企业的影响及建议%The Impact of"Replacing Business Tax with Value-added Tax" on Construction and Erection Enterprises and the Suggestions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李淑娟

    2014-01-01

    The implementation of "Replacing Business Tax with Value-added Tax" has improved China's tax system, optimized the structure of tax system, relieved the tax burden of enterprises, transformed the style of economic development, and meanwhile adjusted the economic structure, so it is the inevitable result of China's economic development. Starting from the impact of "Re-placing Business Tax with Value-added Tax" on construction and erection enterprises, this paper proposes the strategies to cope with the adverse impact of "Replacing Business Tax with Value-added Tax" on construction and erection enterprises as well as the suggestions on further value-added tax reform.%“营改增”的实施完善了我国的税务制度,优化了税制结构,减轻了企业的税收负担,转变了经济发展方式,同时也对经济结构进行了调整,是我国经济发展的必然结果。本文从“营改增”对建筑安装企业的影响出发,提出了应对“营改增”对建筑安装企业不利影响的策略及未来进一步增值税改革的建议。

  11. Accounting and tax treatment of construction enterprise government subsidies income---Accounting standards for business enterprises and accounting system, small business accounting standards%建筑企业政府补助收入的会计核算与税务处理--企业会计准则与会计制度、小企业会计准则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宝铭

    2013-01-01

    政府补助主要是对企业由于非市场因素导致的价格低于成本的一种补偿。而《企业会计准则》与《企业会计制度》对此在账务处理、报表列示不同。按照财税[2011]70号文件的规定,取得的财政性资金,同时符合条件的,可以作为不征税收入处理。%The government subsidies are mainly compensated to enterprises for lower price below cost caused by non market factors .Other-wise the corresponding requirements about account treatment and report lists in "Accounting Standards for Business Enterprises"and"En-terprise Accounting System"are different.According to the provisions of tax file [2011]No.70,the fiscal fund that also meet the following conditions can be treated as a tax -free income .

  12. Implementation of Business Tax to Value-added Tax to Imprpve the Development of Enterprises:Taking Yangtze River Investment and Development Group as an Example to Discuss the Influence of Business Tax to Value-added Tax on Enterprises%实施营改增加快企业发展--以扬子江投资发展集团为例谈营改增改革对企业的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建春

    2016-01-01

    对建筑业、房地产业、金融业、生活服务业四大行业相关的“营改增”税收政策进行解读,重点了解营改增政策要点、不动产进项税额分期抵扣暂行办法等企业关注的税收政策,帮助企业及时准确地掌握最新的税收政策,积极引导企业用好税收政策,加快企业发展。%This paper introduces the Business Tax to Value-added Tax policy related to construction industry, real estate industry, financial industry, life service industry, focuses on understanding the policy of Business Tax to Value-added Tax points, real estate income tax instalment deduction Interim Measures and other tax policy enterprises concern, to help enterprises timely and accurately grasp the new tax policy, and actively guide enterprises to make good use of tax policy to accelerate the development of enterprises.

  13. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Polygon boundaries representing geographic extent of Enterprise Zone Focus Areas. Businesses in Baltimore City or Prince George's Co. Enterprise Zone Focus Areas may be eligible for Real Property, Personal Property or Income Tax Credits., Published in 2010, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of...

  14. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Polygon boundaries representing the geographic extent of Enterprise Zones. Businesses located in a Maryland Enterprise Zone may be eligible for income tax credits and real property tax credits in return for job creation and investments., Published in 2010, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of...

  15. Formation of e-Enterprise; e-entapuraizu no keisei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Komatsu, S. [Nagoya Univ. of Commerce and Business Administration, Nagoya (Japan)

    2000-12-05

    In the first term of appearance of internet, it did not differ from ordinary issuances which customers read texts or see images. Internet is used as a novel business model (B-to-C) designed for the purpose of merchandising between enterprises and consumers. Following models for general consumers, B-to-B business between enterprises appeared. And now, enterprises called e-enterprise integrating B-to-B business models and B-to-C business appeared. While information technology is positioned for assistant support for enterprise activities, but now activities of enterprises itself transferred into cyber-space. (NEDO)

  16. Enterprise Risk Management Models

    CERN Document Server

    Olson, David L

    2010-01-01

    Enterprise risk management has always been important. However, the events of the 21st Century have made it even more critical. The top level of business management became suspect after scandals at ENRON, WorldCom, and other business entities. Financially, many firms experienced difficulties from bubbles. The problems of interacting cultures demonstrated risk from terrorism as well, with numerous terrorist attacks, to include 9/11 in the U.S. Risks can arise in many facets of business. Businesses in fact exist to cope with risk in their area of specialization. Financial risk management has focu

  17. The Influence of Management Adaptation on the Enterprise Performance in the Process of Family Business Succession%家族企业传承期管理层调适对企业绩效的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴炯; 于红云

    2016-01-01

    Family business is the unity of the family system and enterprise system.In the family business intergeneration-al inheritance, enterprise system has influence on the enterprise performance.The paper studied the relationship between management changes and corporate performance in family business which has already inherited.The empirical study found that there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between management changes and corporate performance, that is, the en-terprise performance is better in this situation both exists heritage and changes, so this paper defined this situation as management adaptation;through empirical research this paper found that adaptation of management is more advantageous to successor maximizing the management resources.%家族企业是家族系统与企业系统的统一体, 企业系统在家族企业代际传承过程中对传承绩效存在影响. 通过对发生传承的上市家族企业传承期管理层调整与企业绩效的实证研究, 发现管理层调整与企业绩效之间存在倒U型关系, 即与其他情况相比, 既存在传承也存在变更情况的企业绩效比较好, 本文将这种情况的管理层调整定义为管理层调适; 实证研究表明, 管理层调适更有利于接班人实现对管理层资源的最大化调用.

  18. Research on the Implementation of Logistics Financial Business in the Network Logistics Enterprises%网络型物流企业实施物流金融业务的探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙珊珊; 刘宏伟; 汪传雷

    2015-01-01

    This article from the basic characteristics of networked logistics enterprise and logistics finance,analysis of the current third -party logistics enterprises to implement the logistics financial business faced assessment of corporate finance qualification and the problem of inadequate supervision,creative proposed by networked logistics enterprise carrying out logistics finance business.A lot of small and medium enterprises in China are facing cash flow problems,logistics finance has “more for less”situation,the network of logistics enterprises to implement the logistics financial services to credit and according to the customer demand choice supervision mode,to meet the financing needs of customers on the basis of promoting customer demand for production and sales.%文中从网络型物流企业和物流金融的基本特征出发,分析当前第三方物流企业实施物流金融业务时面临的评估融资企业资质及监管不力的问题,创造性的提出由网络型物流企业实施物流金融业务。我国的很多中小企业面临现金流的问题,物流金融业存在“需多供少”的现状,文中网络型物流企业实施物流金融业务的再授信和根据客户需求选择监管地的模式,能够在满足客户融资需求的基础上促进客户的生产和销售需求。

  19. Conceptual approaches to the notion "green business"

    OpenAIRE

    B. Stepanenko

    2010-01-01

    The author defines the notion "green business". Theoretical and methodological principles of functioning of this type of economic activity are reflected. Basic aspects and main development stages of green business are described. The classification of green business enterprise is revealed.

  20. 基于 Flexsim 的客车维修企业业务流程仿真研究%The Research on Business Process Simulation of Vehicle Repair Enterprises Based on Flexsim

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张博语; 倪卫红; 吴斌

    2015-01-01

    Passenger car maintenance enterprise is different from a regular car maintenance enterprise,passenger car maintenance enterprise needs certain maintenance qualification,service levels and improved the management system.This article Flexsim modeling for passenger car maintenance efficiency of enterprise staff,location layout,business process simulation modeling research.Through analysis of FLEXSIMdata,find itself problems existing in the enterprise,and in accordance with the practical problems existing in the enterprise,analysis bottlenecks and lengthy process.Using PDCA and ECRS methods to build the optimized model,and check the results after the improvement.%客车维修企业不同于普通汽车维修企业,客车维修企业需要一定的维修资质,服务水平和健全的管理制度。文中的 Flexsim 建模针对客车维修企业的人员效率、位置布局、业务流程进行仿真建模研究。通过对 FLEXSIM得出数据进行分析讨论,发现企业存在的问题,并且结合企业自身存在的实际问题分析瓶颈环节和冗杂的环节。使用 PDCA和 ECRS 的方法建立优化后的模型,并且查看改进前后效果。

  1. Choice and Practice of Business Model Diversification of Electric Power Enterprise%电力企业多样化经营模式的选择与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏红杰

    2014-01-01

    A variety of business is one of the important ways to improve the profit of electric power enterprises and it is also an important base of power for the development of enterprise. This paper analyzes and focuses on the analysis of the causes of the development of diversified economy and its operating mode, and on this basis, puts forward the operation strategy of the development of varieties of business of power enterprise.%多种经营是电力企业提升利润的重要途径之一,更是电力企业发展壮大的重要基础。本文就此加以分析,重点分析了发展多种经营的原因积极多种经营的模式,并在此基础上提出了电力企业发展多种经营的策略。

  2. Analysis the Effect of Replace Business Tax With Value-Added Tax(VAT) on Steel Structure Enterprises%营改增对钢结构企业影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈欣

    2015-01-01

    This paper first gives an overview of the business tax, value-added tax, business tax, value added tax and the meaning of the advantages and disadvantages were introduced, so as to avoid the tax disadvantage and promote economic development and launch the camp to the theme, describes the meaning and scope of the camp, the cause analysis, clear significance of the camp to add.The steel structure enterprise as an example, describes the camp to increase direct impact on steel structure enterprises, in-depth analysis of the camp to increase the impact of tax burden and financial manage-ment of steel structure enterprises, in order to avoid its negative effects and the smooth implementation of the camp to increase, respectively, puts forward the measures and proposals from the government.%首先对营业税、增值税的含义及优缺点进行简单介绍,进一步阐述了营改增的含义、范围及意义。在此基础上着重分析了营改增对钢结构企业纳税负担及财务方面的影响。

  3. Analysis on Business Model choice and Emerging Capital Allocation f rom the Viewpoint of Enterprise Growth%商业模式选择与新兴资本配置研究--基于企业成长视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许秀梅

    2015-01-01

    Under new economic environment ,technology ,information and knowledge replace traditional factors such as hu‐man ,property and material and become the fundamental driving force to enterprise growth .The business model is the bridge and tie to connect the emerging capital and enterprise grow th .According to different core strategy capital ,the busi‐ness model can be divided into three types such as technology dominance ,information dominance and know ledge domi‐nance .Based on different grow th stage of enterprise ,the paper analyzes business model choices and emerging capital allo‐cation problems .%在新经济环境下,技术、信息与知识已开始取代传统人、财、物要素,成为企业成长的根本动力。商业模式是连接新兴资本与企业成长的桥梁和纽带。按照所选择的核心战略资本,商业模式可分为技术主导、信息主导与知识主导3种类型。基于企业不同成长阶段,分析了商业模式选择与新兴资本的配置问题。

  4. Perceived benefits from enterprise architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plessius, Henk; Steenbergen, Marlies van; Slot, Raymond

    2014-01-01

    Enterprise Architecture has been developed in order to optimize the alignment between business needs and the (rapidly changing) possibilities of information technology. But do organizations indeed benefit from the application of Enterprise Architecture according to those who are in any way involved

  5. Business Choice of Enterprises' Diversification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QinZheng; ZouJianjun; ChenShou

    2005-01-01

    The strategy of diversification has become an important approach to enterprise development A successful diversification strategy depends mainly on the correct business choice. Before choosing a new business, we must identify the core competeneies of the enterprise and research the attraction and criticai success factors of the target business. Then we should make sure whether the core competencies match the critical success factors or not.The new business should be useful for cuitivating sustainable competitive advantage.

  6. Putting the enterprise into the enterprise system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davenport, T H

    1998-01-01

    Enterprise systems present a new model of corporate computing. They allow companies to replace their existing information systems, which are often incompatible with one another, with a single, integrated system. By streamlining data flows throughout an organization, these commercial software packages, offered by vendors like SAP, promise dramatic gains in a company's efficiency and bottom line. It's no wonder that businesses are rushing to jump on the ES bandwagon. But while these systems offer tremendous rewards, the risks they carry are equally great. Not only are the systems expensive and difficult to implement, they can also tie the hands of managers. Unlike computer systems of the past, which were typically developed in-house with a company's specific requirements in mind, enterprise systems are off-the-shelf solutions. They impose their own logic on a company's strategy, culture, and organization, often forcing companies to change the way they do business. Managers would do well to heed the horror stories of failed implementations. FoxMeyer Drug, for example, claims that its system helped drive it into bankruptcy. Drawing on examples of both successful and unsuccessful ES projects, the author discusses the pros and cons of implementing an enterprise system, showing how a system can produce unintended and highly disruptive consequences. Because of an ES's profound business implications, he cautions against shifting responsibility for its adoption to technologists. Only a general manager will be able to mediate between the imperatives of the system and the imperatives of the business.

  7. The Impacts of Business Support Services for Small and Medium Enterprises on Firm Performance in Low-and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piza C

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES OF THE REVIEW Business support interventions in low and middle-income countries (LMICs direct a large amount of resources to SMEs, with the assumption that institutional constraints impede small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs from generating profits and employment at the firm level, which in turn is thought to impede economic growth and poverty reduction. Yet despite this abundance of resources, very little is known about the impact of such interventions. To address this gap, this systematic review analyses evaluations of SME support services in LMICs to help inform policy debates pertaining to SMEs and business support services. This review examines the available evidence on the effects of SME support services in LMICs on firm-level performance indicators (such as revenues, profits, and productivity, employment generation, and labour productivity. METHODS We systematically searched for available literature. To identify relevant papers for this review, we conducted electronic searches on key platforms; snowball sampling of references from relevant papers and book chapters, and suggestions from recognized experts in the field. We focused on LMICs as defined by the World Bank classifications, and on evidence published since the year 2000, so as to include more sophisticated evaluation techniques. The references retrieved for this review are up-to-date as of December 2014. We included studies that evaluated the effectiveness of business support services on firm level outcomes of SMEs in low- and middle-income countries. We defined SMEs as firms with between two and 250 employees, but also included studies that used annual revenue to classify firms as SMEs instead of employee count. We examined interventions involving tax simplification, exports and access to external markets; support for innovation policies; support to local production systems; training and technical assistance, and SME financing and credit guarantee

  8. Workflow-Based Dynamic Enterprise Modeling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄双喜; 范玉顺; 罗海滨; 林慧萍

    2002-01-01

    Traditional systems for enterprise modeling and business process control are often static and cannot adapt to the changing environment. This paper presents a workflow-based method to dynamically execute the enterprise model. This method gives an explicit representation of the business process logic and the relationships between the elements involved in the process. An execution-oriented integrated enterprise modeling system is proposed in combination with other enterprise views. The enterprise model can be established and executed dynamically in the actual environment due to the dynamic properties of the workflow model.

  9. Talking about How to Improve Power Supply Enterprise ’s Working Efficiency of the Business Expanding and Ammeter Installing%提升供电业扩报装工作效率对策探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔冬

    2014-01-01

    业扩报装是供电企业与电力客户建立供用电关系、供电企业为社会提供电力服务的重要环节。阐述了业扩报装工作的主要内容,分析了影响业扩报装工作效率的主要因素,探讨了优化业扩报装工作的主要流程,提出了提升业扩报装工作效率的举措。%The business expanding and ammeter installing is an important link for power supply enterprise to establish the power supply and demand relationship with power customers and provide electricity services for the society. This paper expounds the main contents of the work of business expanding and ammeter installing, analyzes some main factors influencing the working efficiency of the business expanding and ammeter installing, probes the main processes of optimizing the business expanding and ammeter installing, and puts forward some measures for improving the working efficiency of the business expanding and ammeter installing.

  10. Modeling and simulation for business processes of interior supply chain in petrochemical enterprise%石化企业内部供应链业务流程分析及建模仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雯; 任立鹏; 钟洁西; 傅卫平; 华金

    2014-01-01

    石化企业是典型的流程型企业,是石化供应链的核心企业,其内部业务流程管理对整个石化供应链运作性能具有决定性作用。以某石化公司为研究对象,分析其内部供应链原有业务流程,建立相应的概念模型;为了优化原有企业内部供应链业务流程,引入SCOR建模框架;采用AnyLogic仿真平台,分别建立采用SCOR框架前后企业内部供应链的仿真模型。仿真分析表明,采用SCOR框架改进业务流程,可以有效改善企业内部供应链性能。%Petrochemical enterprises are of typical features of process industry, and core enterprises of petrochemical supply chain, whose inner business process management is crucial to the operational performances of the whole petrochemical supply chain. Taking a petrochemical company as the research object, this paper builds a conceptual model of the original business processes in the interior supply chain, introduces SCOR modelling framework to optimize the business processes. Using the AnyLogic platform, it establishes the simulation models for the interior supply chain of pre and post SCOR opti-mization. The simulation analysis shows that using SCOR can improve the performance of the petrochemical enterprise interior supply chain.

  11. Study and Analysis on the Enterprise Demands of E-business Students in the Secondary Vocational School%企业对中职电商学生需求调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨钰

    2015-01-01

    In order to better promote the development of E-business professional in the secondary vocational school, and train the secondary students that suitable for the enterprise demand, aimed at the enterprise demands for secondary vocational E-business students, the author takes series of investigation by the enterprise visit and questionnaires. The author analyzes the collected data by EXCEL and finds the new changes in provided jobs, required skills and personal comprehensive quality of students asserted by enterprises, these changes is appears along with the rapid development of E- business. That requires the secondary vocational school to make corresponding adjustment. The school should encourage students to continue to learn after graduation and improve education, focus on training the students’ comprehensive quality of bear hardships, communication ability and so on, and establish the skills courses to meet the enterprise demands.%为了更好地推进中职电商专业的发展,培养适合企业需求的中职电商学生,笔者针对企业对中职电商学生的需求是什么这一问题,通过企业走访和发放调查问卷的形式,对企业进行一系列的调研,运用EXCEL软件对收集的数据进行分析,发现企业为学生提供的工作岗位、所需技能和个人综合素质等方面都发生新的变化,这些变化是随着电商的迅速发展而出现的。这就要求中职学校要做出相应的调整,鼓励学生毕业后继续学习,提高学历;着重培养学生吃苦耐劳、沟通能力等综合素质;开设满足企业岗位需求技能课程。

  12. Focusing on Core Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    China is regulating state-owned enterprises that are investing outside of their core business realms, concerned that poor investment decisions could lead to loss of state-owned assets, but some doubt the effect of the new regulation

  13. Modelling a Global EPCM (Engineering, Procurement and Construction Management Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekhar Chattopadhyay

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the applicability of enterprise architectures in the context of current business environment by examining the application of Purdue Enterprise Reference Architecture to WorleyParsons, a global engineering, procurement and construction management enterprise, under the backdrop of a similar study carried out on Fluor Daniel during mid-nineties of the last century. The outcome of this study recommends the need for new enterprise architecture, the People-Centric Enterprise Architecture that not only focuses on human dimension in modern enterprises as the central thread, but also includes more business characteristics of the enterprise other than engineerings.

  14. 78 FR 26684 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... disadvantaged businesses (SDB), disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women owned small businesses (WOSB... Office of the Secretary Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program AGENCY: Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU), Office of...

  15. 78 FR 41817 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-11

    ... disadvantaged businesses (SDB), disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women owned small businesses (WOSB... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business... Transportation (DOT). (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice...

  16. 电商与快递的博弈行为解构及优化策略--基于双重监督的两阶段三方模型的比较分析%Study on the Deconstruction of Gaming Behavior and the Optimization Strategies of E-business Enterprise and the Express Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宝义

    2014-01-01

    Because three- party service feature creates special dual supervision, there is a special competitive and cooperative relationship between supply chain partners of the e-business enterprise and the express enterprise. By constructing game theory of mixed strategy Nash equilibrium,the author concludes that the e-business enterprise regard expected earning of supervision or not as the starting point of rational action;and the express enterprise regard expected earning of keeping an appointment or not as the starting point of rational action;and then they reach the Nash equilibrium point. It can shrink the default space of the express enterprise by enlarging punishment strength and reducing the cost of service. It can enlarge the supervision space of the e-business enterprise by reducing supervision cost and enlarging punishment strength. Meanwhile the supervision of customer can not only enlarge the supervision space of the e-business enterprise but also shrink the default space of the express enterprise,and then improve the quality of service and the social welfare.%供应链合作伙伴中电子商务企业与快递企业存在特殊的竞合关系,是由于快递企业的第三方服务特性带来的双重监督的特殊性。通过构筑电商与快递的混合策略博弈模型,表明电子商务企业以监督与否的预期收益作为理性行动出发点,快递企业以违约与否的预期收益作为理性行动出发点,促成了双方博弈的纳什均衡。加大对快递企业违约的惩罚力度、降低快递企业的服务成本可以缩小快递企业的违约有利空间;降低电商监督成本、加大快递企业违约的惩罚力度可以扩大电商监督有利空间。同时,鼓励网购顾客对快递服务质量进行监督,不但可以扩大电商的监督有利空间,还可以缩小快递企业的违约有利空间,从而提升快递服务质量,增进社会整体福利。

  17. 浅析激励理论对烟草商业企业员工工作潜能的开发%Role of Incentive Theory in Potential Development of Employee in Tobacco Business Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔春生

    2013-01-01

      随着WTO的加入及烟草市场的开放,传统“命令式”的领导方式已不适应于新形势下对员工的管理。本文旨在研究激励理论对烟草商业企业员工工作潜能的开发,帮助提高企业员工的工作激情,为企业创造更多的商业价值。%With the participation of WTO and opening of tobacco markets, traditional"command"style of leadership has not adapted to employee management under the new situation. The paper focuses on the role of incentive theory in development of tobacco business employee potential, help improve the employees ' passion for enterprise employee and create more business value.

  18. A model-based evaluation system of enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Junwei; Ye Yang; Wang Jian

    2005-01-01

    This paper analyses the architecture of enterprise modeling, proposesindicator selection principles and indicator decomposition methods, examines the approaches to the evaluation of enterprise modeling and designs an evaluation model of AHP. Then a model-based evaluation system of enterprise is presented toeffectively evaluate the business model in the framework of enterprise modeling.

  19. Enterprise Networking Web Sites and Organizational Communication in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Allee M.; Zhu, Yunxia; Hildebrandt, Herbert

    2009-01-01

    This article aims to report initial findings about networking in organizational settings in Australia through the use of enterprise social software. According to Gray and Honick (2008), enterprise social software (also known as Enterprise 2.0) is a term describing social software used in businesses and enterprises. It includes such tools as…

  20. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Economic Develoment Boundary, Published in unknown, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Indiana Business Research Center (IBRC), Indiana University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of unknown....

  1. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Enterprise Zones (EZ) are areas defined by the Department of Economic Development (LDED) for the purpose of encouraging economic growth by offering tax credits and incentives to businesses locating or expanding in designated enterprise zone areas., Published in 2005, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Louisiana State University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale as of 2005. It is described as 'Enterprise Zones (EZ) are areas...

  2. An Empirical Study on the Relationship between Business Strategy and Performance of Transnational Enterprises-A case study of multinational enterprises in SIP%跨国企业经营战略与企业绩效关系的实证研究--以入驻苏州工业园区跨国企业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓高

    2014-01-01

    The relationship between business strategy and business performance is one of important topics in strategic management research.China, a developing country, has attracted hundreds of thousands of multina-tional enterprises to set up branches.Operating status of these multinational companies attracts attention from government, research institutions, foreign investors and enterprises themselves.In this research, 120 multina-tional enterprises were randomly selected as samples, which invested in Suzhou Industrial Park.The descriptive statistics and regression analysis were used to exam the existence of the close relationship between the protector strategy, defender strategy, analysis strategy and quantity and quality performance of multinational enterprises, in order to provide the suggestions for multinational enterprises to formulate effective business strategy.%跨国企业经营战略与经营绩效的关系是战略管理研究的重要课题之一。作为发展中国家,中国多年来已吸引数十万家跨国企业在各地设立分公司。这些跨国企业的经营状况备受政府、研究机构、境外投资者和企业自身的关注。研究从入驻苏州工业园区的跨国企业中随机抽取了120家企业作为样本进行问卷调查。利用描述性统计和回归分析的方法对跨国企业的探索型、防御型、分析型三种战略与企业量性及质性经营绩效之间的关系进行了实证检验,从而为跨国企业制定有效的经营战略提供了建议。

  3. Comunicación Empresarial en las Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas (PYMES: Percepción, Conocimiento y Actitud/Business Communication in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs: Perception, Knowledge and Attitude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Pablo Marín Dueñas

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available La actividad actual de las empresas se enmarca en un ambiente competitivo en el que para poder sobrevivir y crecer en el entorno empresarial, es necesario fomentar e impulsar su Comunicación. Y por su importancia para las economías nacionales, las pequeñas y medianas empresas no se pueden permitir olvidar estas actividades, claves en el desarrollo empresarial. Este trabajo presenta los principales resultados de una investigación que analiza la importancia que las PYMES conceden a la comunicación en sus estrategias empresariales. A partir de una metodología de investigación cuantitativa basada en la técnica del cuestionario, se podrá comprobar como las PYMES son conscientes de la importancia que el desarrollo de estrategias comunicativas puede tener para su crecimiento. The business operates in a competitive environment in which to survive and grow in the business environment, it is necessary to encourage and promote the communication. Small and medium enterprises, key players in national economies, cannot forget develop these activities, important for business development. This paper presents the main results of a study that analyzes the importance of SMEs granted to communication in their business strategies. From a quantitative research methodology based on the questionnaire technique, you can see how SMEs are aware of this importance, breaking with the traditional perspective that understands that the development of communication strategies is not important to them for SMEs.

  4. Introducing the new business demography statistics

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Introducing the new business demography statisticsA new National Statistics series waspublished on 28 November 2008 bythe Offi ce for National Statistics (ONS),providing data on business births,deaths and survival rates, called BusinessDemography: Enterprise Births andDeaths. The Department for Business,Enterprise & Regulatory Reform (BERR)also published its series Business start upsand closures: VAT registrations andde-registrations in 2007 on the sameday. The year 2008 is the final update t...

  5. 基于张弼士经营观下的梅州中小企业文化构建%Cultural Construction of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Based on Business Concept of Zhang Bishi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴伟

    2011-01-01

    This article explored both of Chinese national culture characteristics and Hakka culture disposition of business culture of creating riches by Zhang Bishi.It made clear the fundamental reason of the cause of the success of Zhang Bishi is "Hakka Merchants " spirit.Through using Zhang Bishi as a representative of the excellent " Hakka Merchants " spirit,and combining with the local economy and small and medium-sized enterprises development,this article put forward the construction of small and medium-sized enterprises,with the main concept of enterprise culture.%从探究张弼士兼具中华民族文化特性和客家人文化秉性的经商创富文化观入手,明确指出张弼士事业成功的根本原因之一是"客商"精神。通过借鉴张弼士为代表的优秀"客商"精神,并结合梅州地方经济与中小企业文化发展的实际状况与要求,提出了构建梅州中小企业文化的主要思路。

  6. 中国企业并购英国企业的税务架构问题探讨%An Exploration into Tax Structuring Issues in the Acquisition of UK Business by the Chinese Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄富成; 王鹏

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses some common tax issues related to the acquisition of UK business by the Chinese enterprises, which covers the selection of the acquiring entity, designing of the holding structure, financing structuring arrangement and other related tax considerations. The aim of the paper is to provide some reference for the Chinese enterprises to formulate their investment strategy in UK from the perspective of enterprise income tax.%本文就中国企业对英国企业进行股权收购所涉及的一般性税务问题进行了讨论,具体包括收购主体的选择、控股架构的设计、融资架构安排和其他主要税务考虑事项,旨在从企业所得税角度为中国企业制定对英投资战略提供一定的参考。

  7. The Impact of Enterprise Education on Attitudes to Enterprise in Young People: An Evaluation Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athayde, Rosemary

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to present evidence on the impact of enterprise education on young people still at school in London, UK. The study was designed to measure the effect of participation in a Young Enterprise (YE) Company Program on young people's attitudes toward starting a business, and on their enterprise potential.…

  8. Evolution from Family Business to Enterprising Family: A Multi-Case Study on Family Firm Split-up%从家族企业到企业家族:基于分家的多案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋丽红; 李新春; 张书军

    2012-01-01

    分家经常会导致家族企业被分拆或败落,这使得人们对其存在一定成见,认为分家对于家族企业发展总是负面的.对我国几个具有典型意义的家族企业分家案例的分析表明,家族企业“分家”并不必然导致企业衰亡,尤其在战略创业导向之下,可能通过分家相互构建起战略性的产业联系和竞争合作关系,从而使得家族企业演变成企业家族.从裂变创业视角,更有助于揭示分家对家族企业创业和持续成长的正面价值.%Family business split-up, regarded as one common event, usually leads one family firm to be separated or even closed. Thus people may hold preconceptions that family business split-up will always negatively impact family business growth. This multi-case study of six typical family business separation cases reveals that family business split-up may not inevitably lead to decadency, and especially under the strategic entrepreneurial orientation, family firms may also evolve into enterprising family through split-up and constructing strategic industrial linkages and competitive/cooperative relationship with each other. Theoretical insight from entrepreneurial spin-off helps to explore the more positive value of family business split-up on family entrepreneurship and sustainable growth.

  9. “亲商理念”——校企合作的指导理念%"The Pro-business Mindset": The Guideline of School-enterprise Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王翠华

    2011-01-01

    校企合作是高职院校发展中的一次变革,需要以“亲商理念”作为指导思想。“亲商理念”的内涵和实施首先要得到高职院校的管理者和教师的集体认同,其次需要高职院校内部管理制度和组织机构的保障,这样才能使校企合作得到长期有效的开展,促进高职院校持续发展。%This paper argues that, as a revolutionary development of vocational colleges, school-enterprise cooperation needs "pro-business mindset" as the guideline. The implementation of the "pro-business mindset" falls into two aspects: one is to achieve the consensus between college leaders and teachers, the other is the guarantee based on the internal management system and the organization of vocational colleges. All these measures can promote the sustainable development of school-enterprise cooperation as well as vocational colleges.

  10. 浅谈营改增对企业的影响及企业的对策%On the Effect of Replacing Business Tax with Value-added Tax(VAT) on the Enterprises and the Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄进敏

    2014-01-01

    In order to reform and perfect the tax system, promote the upgrading of the industrial structure, China began to gradually develop business tax levy value-added tax reform in the industry in the country. To replace business tax with value-added tax (VAT) policy brings great impact to the reform of the industry enterprises, and these effects have both positive influence and negative influence. This paper analyzed the positive effect and negative effect on the enterprise, and proposed some countermeasures.%为了改革与完善财税体制,促进产业结构升级,国家开始在全国部分行业中逐步开展营业税改征增值税改革。营改增政策给改革所处行业企业带来很大影响,这些影响既有积极影响,又有消极的影响。本文对营改增政策给企业带来的积极影响和消极影响进行分析,并提出一些对策。

  11. 连锁经营企业扩张战略研究--以餐饮业为例%Research on the Expansion Strategy of Chain Business Enterprise:a Case Study of the Catering Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高山

    2015-01-01

    Chain business is the most effective strategy for retail enterprises to realize the scale expansion. The implementation of the expansion strategy needs the certain internal support system, and needs to select the appropriate expansion mode, and pay attention to the expansion risk identification and control. Taking the Pearl River delta region of the chain catering enterprises as the research object, this paper analyses the data through questionnaire, and then makes a conclusion. There is a significant correlation between the chain expansion strategy and the expansion driving force. Products, technology and culture have a significant impact on the company’ s long-term performance. Logistics distribution system has a significant impact on the company ’ s short-term performance. Human resources and management support have a significant positive effect on the company’ s short and long-term performance. Expansion risk and expansion strategy are negatively related. We suggest that chain business enterprises adopt a steady saturated type expansion strategy, build fine management system and perfect the brand image of chain business enterprises.%连锁经营是零售企业实现规模化扩张发展道路的最有效战略,扩张战略的实施需要一定的内部支持体系,选择合适的扩张模式,注重扩张风险的识别与控制。通过对珠三角连锁餐饮企业的问卷调查数据进行实证分析得出结论:连锁扩张战略与扩张驱动力之间存在显著的关联性。产品、技术与文化对公司的长期绩效会产生显著性的影响,物流配货体系主要对公司的短期绩效产生显著性影响,人力资源与管理支持对公司的长短期绩效均会产生显著的正向影响,扩张风险与扩张战略呈负相关关系。建议连锁经营企业采取稳健的饱和式扩张战略,建设精细化管理体系,完善连锁经营企业的品牌形象。

  12. Developing "Green" Business Plans: Using Entrepreneurship to Teach Science to Business Administration Majors and Business to Biology Majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Letovsky, Robert; Banschbach, Valerie S.

    2011-01-01

    Biology majors team with business administration majors to develop proposals for "green" enterprise for a business plan competition. The course begins with a series of student presentations so that science students learn about the fundamentals of business, and business students learn about environmental biology. Then mixed biology-business student…

  13. Sistemas integrados de gestão ERP em pequenas empresas: um confronto entre o referencial teórico e a prática empresarial The Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP in small businesses: facing theoretical references and the business world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Veiga Mendes

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos, os sistemas integrados de gestão, ou ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning , passaram a ser largamente utilizados pelas empresas. Eles são apresentados como "solução" para a maioria dos problemas empresariais. São sistemas genéricos capazes de integrar todas as informações que fluem pela empresa por intermédio de uma base de dados única. A literatura sobre o assunto apresenta uma série de resultados positivos e benefícios a serem obtidos com a adoção desses sistemas. Porém, as dificuldades a serem enfrentadas e a profundidade das mudanças a serem realizadas para a obtenção dos benefícios não são tão claras para as empresas, principalmente para as de pequeno porte, que não possuem tantos recursos para investimento em tecnologia. Este artigo tem por objetivo relatar o resultado de uma pesquisa sobre a adoção de sistemas integrados de gestão, ou ERP, por pequenas empresas, confrontando o referencial teórico e a prática empresarial.In the last years, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP is being largely used by enterprises. They are presented as "the solution" for the enterprise's problems. They are generic systems able to integrate all the enterprise's informations through a single data base. The literature about this subject presents a series of positive results and benefits a firm could obtain with the systems' adoption. But the difficulties the enterprises face and the deep of changes to be realized for the achievement of the benefits are not clear to the firms, specially for the small businesses which do not have many resources to invest in technology. This paper has the objective to describe the result of a research on the adoption of ERP, by small business, opposing theoretical references and the enterprise practices.

  14. Business Model for Network Enterprises from the Perspective of the Lifecycle%基于生命周期的网络企业商业模式研究——以腾讯公司和金山软件公司为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高峻峰; 银路

    2011-01-01

    From the perspective of the lifecycle, the article makes a comprehensivelv study on network business model by stages. By analyzing the phases of development of two famous network enterprises it summarizes the business model during the lifecycle of the technology-oriented and business-oriented network enterprises. The study shows that the characteristics of the network economy are the basis on which enterprises choose business models. In the different stages of development it shows the business models of enterprises change with the different characteristics of the network economy. The network enterprises, whose business models are compatible with economic characteristics, can achieve long-term sustainable development. Finally the article makes some proposals for the network enterprises on service and charge model, product positioning, competitive strategy and other aspects.%从企业生命周期的角度对网络企业的商业模式进行分阶段研究.对我国2家知名网络企业的发展历程进行剖析,总结了商务类和技术类网络企业在不同发展阶段的商业模式.研究显示,网络经济的特征是企业选择商业模式的基础.在企业发展的不同阶段,网络经济表现出截然不同的特征,企业的商业模式也随之改变,那些与网络经济特征相适应的企业可以实现长期持续发展.最后归纳出针对网络企业服务与收费模式、产品定位、竞争策略等方面的启示.

  15. 基于核心企业的食品供应链社会责任管理分析%Study on CSR Management of Food Supply Chain Based on Core Business Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李保京; 姜启军

    2013-01-01

    从核心企业的角度探讨食品供应链社会责任管理问题。从层次模型概述了食品企业社会责任的内涵和食品供应链社会责任的特征,分析了核心企业在供应链管理中的中心地位。无论是从社会责任缺失原因,还是核心企业与供应商的关系,以及食品供应链的风险传导方面来看,核心企业与链上成员企业共同履行社会责任是提高整个链条企业社会责任水平的关键。从企业文化和信息共享的角度构建了以核心企业为中心的食品供应链企业社会责任约束传递机制,分析了核心企业在整个约束传递机制中的角色和行为。核心企业可以通过培养供应商积极履行社会责任的意识,减轻供应商履行社会责任的成本压力,强化对供应商的企业社会责任监督等措施使供应商参与到供应链社会责任管理中来,促进食品供应链的可持续发展。%This article explored the Corporate Social Responsibility of the food supply chain management in terms of core business enterprise. It outlined the content of Corporate Social Responsibility in food industry from the layer model and the characteristics of Corporate Social Responsibility in the food supply chain, analyzed the key role of core business enterprise in food supply chain management. It was the key to improve the management of Corporate Social Responsibility in the whole chain that the core business enterprise and the other members of the chain to implement social responsibility together. It set up the constraint and delivering mechanism from the point of the corporate culture and the information sharing, and illustrated the role and conducts of core business enterprise. To promote the sustainable development of food supply chain, the core business enterprise should develop suppliers’active consciousness of social responsibility actively, ease their cost pressure and enhance the supervise to suppliers

  16. A Research on Business Method Patent Strategies for Financial Enterprises in China%我国金融企业商业方法专利竞争战略研究*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉蓉

    2013-01-01

    Financial industry has fully entered into the era of network with the development of computer and information technology. Busi-ness method patents innovation has become the mainstream of financial innovation. Financial institutions in developed countries are imple-menting patent enclosure movement and trying to seize the initiative in the international financial innovation. Chinese financial enterprises have an urgent need for the use of the patent strategy to promote financial innovation. Analyzing the patent competitive situation that Chi-na’s financial enterprises are facing empirically,this paper constructs a framework of patent strategy for financial innovative enterprises in China and some recommendations are put forward on how to implement patent strategy in the field of patent research,patent acquiring,pa-tent implementing and law systems.%  计算机和网络技术的迅猛发展使金融行业全面进入了网络金融时代,商业方法专利创新成为金融创新的主流。发达国家金融机构纷纷进行“专利圈地”运动,力图在国际金融体系创新中抢占先机。中国金融企业急切需要运用专利战略促进金融创新。通过实证研究分析了我国金融企业面临的专利竞争态势,构建了金融企业专利战略框架模型,并就我国金融企业专利研发、专利获取、专利实施及商业方法专利制度等提出了专利战略建议。

  17. A comprehensive estimation method for enterprise capability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetiana Kuzhda

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In today’s highly competitive business world, the need for efficient enterprise capability management is greater than ever. As more enterprises begin to compete on a global scale, the effective use of enterprise capability will become imperative for them to improve their business activities. The definition of socio-economic capability of the enterprise has been given and the main components of enterprise capability have been pointed out. The comprehensive method to estimate enterprise capability that takes into account both social and economic components has been offered. The methodical approach concerning integrated estimation of the enterprise capability has been developed. Novelty deals with the inclusion of summary measure of the social component of enterprise capability to define the integrated index of enterprise capability. The practical significance of methodological approach is that the method allows assessing the enterprise capability comprehensively through combining two kinds of estimates – social and economic and converts them into a single integrated indicator. It provides a comprehensive approach to socio-economic estimation of enterprise capability, sets a formal basis for making decisions and helps allocate enterprise resources reasonably. Practical implementation of this method will affect the current condition and trends of the enterprise, help to make forecasts and plans for its development and capability efficient use.

  18. Progress in virtual enterprise risk controlling in a complicated information system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Virtual Enterprise (VE) is a strategy to optimize and integrate enterprise business based on the core operation of the business. More and more enterprises selected this strategy in order to efficiently implement their own business accompanied by the trend of globalizing economy and information technology.

  19. Solving Enterprise Applications Performance Puzzles Queuing Models to the Rescue

    CERN Document Server

    Grinshpan, Leonid

    2012-01-01

    A groundbreaking scientific approach to solving enterprise applications performance problems Enterprise applications are the information backbone of today's corporations, supporting vital business functions such as operational management, supply chain maintenance, customer relationship administration, business intelligence, accounting, procurement logistics, and more. Acceptable performance of enterprise applications is critical for a company's day-to-day operations as well as for its profitability. Unfortunately, troubleshooting poorly performing enterprise applications has traditionally

  20. Risk in Enterprise Cloud Computing: Re-Evaluated

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funmilayo, Bolonduro, R.

    2016-01-01

    A quantitative study was conducted to get the perspectives of IT experts about risks in enterprise cloud computing. In businesses, these IT experts are often not in positions to prioritize business needs. The business experts commonly known as business managers mostly determine an organization's business needs. Even if an IT expert classified a…

  1. Construction of personnel training mode and the reform of teaching practice of business Japanese specialty--Research Report of Japanese Enterprises%构建商务日语专业校企联合人才培养模式及教学实践改革--日资企业调研报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢燕; 陈建; 李念念; 郭媛

    2014-01-01

    The modern enterprise needs complex applied talents, which put forward higher requirements to the teaching of college of business Japanese specialty. In this paper, through the analysis of the survey data of the Japanese funded enterprises, summarizes the problems in the teaching of business Japanese specialty in our school. Business Japanese teaching in addition to focus on basic knowledge of Japanese language and related business knowledge as the teaching content, we also must pay attention to the practice of business Japanese students in enterprises, strengthen the joint training of school and enterprise and training.%现代企业需要的是复合型应用型人才,这给高校商务日语专业教学提出了更高的要求。本论文通过对日资企业调研数据的分析,总结了本校商务日语专业教学存在的不足。商务日语教学除了重点以日语语言基础知识及相关商务知识为教学内容外,还必须重视对商务日语学生在企业中的实践学习,加强学校与企业的联合培养与实训。

  2. Impact of Replacing Business Tax with Value -added Tax on Finance and Accounting of Enterprises%营改增对企业财务和会计的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟繁颖

    2016-01-01

    营改增在经过上海等地试点后,2013年8月起已经在全国推行,企业在新税制改革中将面临新的机遇和挑战。以营改增的政策演变背景分析为切入点,从企业税负压力、财务管理和会计核算、财务报表和发票管理层面,深入分析营改增对企业财务和会计的影响,提出营改增下优化企业财务和会计管理的相应策略。%the policy of replacing business tax with value - added tax has been implemented throughout the whole country from August ,2013 after the pilot project is launched in Shanghai and oth‐er places ,and enterprises will confront new chance and challenges in the reform of new tax system .Tak‐ing the evolution background of the policy of replacing business tax with value -added tax as break‐through point ,this paper analyzes the impact of replacing business tax with value -added tax on finance and accounting of enterprises in depth from the aspects of corporate tax pressure ,financial management and accounting ,financial reporting and invoice management to propose the corresponding strategy for optimizing corporate financial reporting and accounting management under the policy of replacing busi‐ness tax with value -added tax .

  3. Research on the Relationship among the Enterprise Culture, Business Performance and Employees' Satisfactionin of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises:Based on the Study of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in Zhejiang Province%中小企业企业文化和经营业绩、员工满意度的相关研究--基于浙江省中小企业文化实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包晶冰

    2016-01-01

    为了了解中小企业文化对经营业绩、员工满意度的影响,本文通过问卷调查,对浙江省中小企业进行了实证研究。对数据统计分析得出企业文化8个维度,其中领导风格、团队合作与企业经营业绩、员工满意度存在显著正相关关系。%In order to understand the influence of the culture of medium-sized enterprises on the business performance and employees' satisfaction, this paper carries out the empirical research for the small and medium-sized enterprises in Zhejiang Province by the questionnaire survey. Eight dimensions of data statistical analysis are obtained, there is a significant positive correlation between leadership style, teamwork and enterprise performance, employees' satisfaction.

  4. The Study on Business Growth Process Management Entropy Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jing, Duan

    Enterprise's growth is a dynamic process. The factors of enterprise development are changing all the time. For this reason, it is difficult to study management entropy growth-oriented enterprises from static view. Its characteristic is the business enterprise growth stage, and puts forward a kind of measuring and calculating model based on enterprise management entropy for business scale, the enterprise ability and development speed. According to entropy measured by the model, enterprise can adopt revolution measure in the moment of truth. It can make the enterprise avoid crisis and take the road of sustainable development.

  5. Our Business World, Business Education: 7711.01.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAskill, Ava

    This Quinmester pamphlet presents an overview of the business world and the American free enterprise system, delving into the concept of profit, satisfaction of wants and needs through production and distribution of goods and services, and primary forms of business organization, the effects of business activity on economic growth, and the use of…

  6. 面向中小企业的云计算数字商务模式研究%Research of Cloud Computing Digital Business Model Oriented Small & medium-sized Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静

    2013-01-01

    “Cloud computing” is called the third time of IT industry revolution after the computers and the internet,it will be the future development trend composed of technology,the economic, management, business etc..Based on cloud computing platform of the new e-commerce model is the product of cloud computing and e-commerce.In view of the cloud computing business activities in small&medium-sized enterprises,this paper puts forward the cloud computing digital business model.%“云计算”被称为是继计算机、互联网之后的第三次IT产业革命,是未来发展趋势,它不仅包含技术,还包含经济、管理、商务活动等。基于云计算平台的新型电子商务模式是云计算和电子商务结合的产物。本文针对中小企业的云计算商务活动,提出了云计算数字商务模式。

  7. 县级供电企业业务扩充管理优化策略%Business expansion management optimization strategy at the county level power supply enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周文伟

    2013-01-01

    The article analyzed the working process of busi-ness expansion management at county power supply enterprise at present. In order to shorten the customer connect cable with time and improve customer satisfaction, the short board optimization is made. Plane collaboration mechanism at county company level and point-to-point sunshine business expansion management system at power substation level is established. Finally it realized the eco-nomic and social benefits of the steady climb and electricity“gov-ernment trust, customer satisfaction”.%通过对目前县级供电企业业扩工作流程的分析,以缩短客户接电报装时限、提升客户满意度为目标,打造县公司层面的平面协作机制和供电所层面的点对点的阳光业扩管理体系,最终实现售电量稳步攀升和“政府放心,客户满意”的经济、社会效益的双丰收。

  8. Research on Mobile Commerce Enterprise Business Model based on the Perspective of Value Stream%价值流视阈下移动商务企业的商业模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹承龙

    2015-01-01

    移动商务企业之间的竞争取决于商业模式竞争,其本质在于价值竞争。文章基于价值的动态变化过程,构造了价值流模型,分析了模型的线性直通式、协作传递式、包容回归式三种价值流结构形态,提出三种价值流结构形态相对应的BtoM,B&BtoM和BtoM&MtoB三种移动商业模式,为企业选择商业模式提供了策略参考。%Mobile commerce market competition will depend on the business model of competition between en⁃terprises. Its essence depended on the value competition. In this paper, based on dynamic change process of val⁃ue,the value stream model is constructed. Analyzes the model of linear straight-through type, collaborative-trans⁃mission type, inclusive-regression type three kinds of structure form. Based on value stream, the paper puts for⁃ward B to M, B&B to M and B to M&M to B three business model, to provide mobile business enterprise sustain⁃able development strategic choice.

  9. Exploring the Perceptions of Inhibitors and Drivers of Social Media Progression among Small and Medium Enterprises at Different Stages of E-Business Maturity.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Velthoven, Gerlach

    2009-01-01

    The adoption of social media (web 2.0) in the e-marketing strategy of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) is not yet researched much. Research findings in bigger companies in the USA, Europe and the Netherlands suggest that the issue is high on the think list of marketers and entrepreneurs. But what

  10. Do You Need ERP? In the Business World, Enterprise Resource Planning Software Keeps Costs down and Productivity up. Should Districts Follow Suit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Careless, James

    2007-01-01

    Enterprise resource planning (ERP) software does what school leaders have always wanted their computer systems to do: It sees all. By integrating every IT application an organization has--from purchasing and inventory control to payroll--ERPs create a single unified system. Not only does this give IT managers a holistic view to what is happening…

  11. Real Language Meets Real Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muirhead, Muirhead; Schechter, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    The Real Business Language Challenge was a collaborative pilot project between Coca-Cola Enterprises (CCE) and Routes into Languages East for Year 9 and 10 pupils. It was based on CCE's award-winning Real Business Challenge, part of its highly acclaimed education programme. The Real Business Language Challenge transformed the project into a…

  12. 平台模式的架构表征及与传统模式的对比分析--以在线旅游标杆企业为样本%Platform Business Model Expressing and Contrast Analyzing with Traditional Business Model--Taking Online Travel Agency Benchmarking Enterprise as the Sample

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王生金

    2016-01-01

    随着平台企业的迅速崛起以及平台化趋势的日益凸显,平台模式架构的表征成为商业模式研究的基本内容,成为平台企业商业模式设计与创新面临的重大战略问题。文章以在线旅游平台标杆企业为样本,利用扎根分析法,对商业模式架构进行实证研究并构建一般化平台模式架构模型。研究发现,对传统商业模式价值逻辑规则的颠覆,是平台企业迅速崛起的重要前提;平台企业在参与价值链分工的基础上实现了对价值传递乃至价值分配的掌控,成为价值链/网的规则制定者;资源整合基础上以服务质量和服务内容为核心的服务功能,是平台模式崛起的重要保障。强大的服务功能是平台企业的根本,平台企业的发展必须重视服务质量的提升和服务内容的拓展,以吸引两类需求互补顾客(即上游的内容供应商和下游的终端顾客)加入到平台中来。只有平台强大到使上游的内容供应商和下游的终端顾客都达到一定规模时,交叉网络外部性才能得以形成并发挥作用,平台企业也才能通过促成双边交易来实现自身的价值逻辑。平台即服务,平台模式的设计与创新需要重点围绕平台服务功能的提高展开。如何最大限度地发挥平台企业服务功能,以吸引足够数量的终端客户和供应商参与到平台交易中来,是平台企业商业模式设计与创新的核心。%With the rise of platform enterprises and the increasingly highlighted trend of being platform,the platform enterprise business model expressing is not only an important theory thesis in domain of business model research,but also a basic management issue of business model design and innovation. By taking the benchmarking online travel agency enterprise as the sample,and with the help of grounded theory,the author carries out an empirical analysis on business model structure and

  13. Process-oriented evaluation of agile business processes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Agile enterprises are built based on agile business processes.Simultaneously,agile enterprises must be able to utilize agile business processes to rapidly respond market opportunities and maintain enterprises'competitions.But how to evaluate and choose agile business processes is a key problem about building agile enterprises.The paper proposes a goal driven method and an evaluation architecture for business processes' agility.Furthermore,a four-layer configuring model for agile business processes is developed based on the evaluation architecture and it can evaluate and configure agile business processes among alternatives.

  14. Natural Alkali Shifts to the Methanol Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Inner Mongolia Yuanxing Natural Alkali Co., Ltd. (Natural Alkali SZ: 000683) established in 1997 is a large chemical enterprise with new energy as its leading business and natural gas chemicals and natural alkali chemicals as the supplement business.

  15. Six Sigma Driven Enterprise Model Transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond Vella

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Enterprise architecture methods provide a structured system to understand enterprise activities. However, existing enterprise modelling methodologies take static views of the enterprise and do not naturally lead to a path of improvement during enterprise model transformation. This paper discusses the need for a methodology to facilitate changes for improvement in an enterprise. The six sigma methodology is proposed as the tool to facilitate progressive and continual Enterprise Model Transformation to allow businesses to adapt to meet increased customer expectation and global competition. An alignment of six sigma with phases of GERAM life cycle is described with inclusion of Critical-To-Satisfaction (CTS requirements. The synergies of combining the two methodologies are presented in an effort to provide a more culturally embedded framework for Enterprise Model Transformation that builds on the success of six sigma.

  16. Lines in the Water: The Line of Reasoning in an Enterprise Engineering Case Study from the Public Sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Proper, H.A.; Op 't Land, M.

    2010-01-01

    Present day enterprises face many challenges, including mergers, acquisitions, technological innovations and the quest for new business models. These developments pose several fundamental design challenges to enterprises. We take the perspective that the design of an enterprise essentially involves

  17. Research on the Evolution of Internet Enterprise Business Model in its Life Cycle --A Case Study of Tencent%互联网企业发展过程中商业模式的演变——基于腾讯的案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗小鹏; 刘莉

    2012-01-01

    互联网企业的商业模式具有较强的可塑性,企业应在发展过程中根据内外部环境的变化对商业模式进行创新。本文运用商业模式“3—4~8”理论,以腾讯公司为目标企业,对该公司在生命周期三个阶段的商业模式创新及演变进行案例研究。研究表明,腾讯在创业期、成长期和成熟期不同发展阶段,商业模式表现出独特的演变路径和鲜明的特征,商业模式的创新提升了公司的价值和竞争力,其成功经验为我国互联网企业提供了启示与借鉴。%Internet enterprise business model has strong plasticity, entrepreneurs should innovate the business model according to the change of internal and external environment. Business model is an architectural structure that organization position and integrate its value, strategy and operation system into a organic integrity, and through offering a series of products or services to realize its goal. By reviewing the papers, we can find that related research of business model is in the ascendant in recent 10 years. In the thesis, We adopted case study method, based on 3 -4 -8 business model theory, chose a iconic internet company Tencent Holding Co. Ltd( short for Tencent) as the object. From the enterprise life cycle perspective, We explored the innovation of Tencent's business model, induction conditions, characteristic, and the evolution path in different period. Concluded innovation type of business model, and summarized the inspirations that internet enterprises should follow when innovating their business model. Our research was carried out by three steps: Firstly, we reviewed the existing theories at home and abroad, summarize the definition of business model, and presented my definition. Then, used"3 -4 -8" business model architectural structures for reference, followed the modular deconstruction thinking, investigated and executed data analysis on 23 modular indexes. On the basis

  18. 校企合作模式下商务英语培训的研究和探索%Explore Ways of Business English Training under the Model of School and Enterprise Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    时小力

    2012-01-01

    Business English train program which developed between college and enterprise is a worthy model of teaching,it is helpful to improve employees' English and get useful feedback from employees.There are some problems such as various educational levels and teaching hours.Proper actions should be taken to solve these problems.%校企合作开展商务英语培训是一种有益的值得探索的教学模式,有助于提高公司员工的英语水平,可以帮助老师取得有益的教学回馈。其中存在的诸如学员水平参差不齐、教学时间难以保证等问题需要通过进一步的探索来解决。

  19. Towards A Business and Human Rights Treaty

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Si

    2015-01-01

    Business enterprises can contribute to the realization of human rights in many instances. However, they may also cause adverse effect on the enjoyment of human rights. The increasing disclosure of business involvement in human rights abuses can be dated back to decades ago. Despite the failed attempts to regulate business enterprises with respect to human rights via a binding approach, a proposal on a business and human rights treaty by some states, typically represented by Ecuador, has reope...

  20. Outsourcing and Multi-Party Business Collaborations Modeling

    OpenAIRE

    Lai Xu

    2007-01-01

    To remain competitive, enterprises have to integrate their business processes with their customers, suppliers, and business partners. Increasing collaboration includes not only a global multi-national enterprise, but also an organization with its relationship to and business processes with its business partners. Standards and technologies permit business partners to exchange information, collaborate, and carry out business transactions in a pervasive Web environment. There is however still ve...

  1. Cloud computing for enterprise architectures

    CERN Document Server

    Mahmood, Zaigham

    2011-01-01

    This important text provides a single point of reference for state-of-the-art cloud computing design and implementation techniques. The book examines cloud computing from the perspective of enterprise architecture, asking the question; how do we realize new business potential with our existing enterprises? Its topics and features are: with a Foreword by Thomas Erl; contains contributions from an international selection of preeminent experts; presents the state-of-the-art in enterprise architecture approaches with respect to cloud computing models, frameworks, technologies, and applications; di

  2. The Small Business Enterprise of Shallow Financing Problems and Countermeasures%小微企业的融资困境与解脱对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许雪莲

    2014-01-01

    Aspects of small and micro enterprises to create jobs, ease the employment pressure, active market economy and promoting social development have a huge role in promoting China's national economy has become an important force in the development. However, small and micro enterprises due to less revenue, poor ability to resist risks, financial information is confusing and other reasons, it is difficult to obtain an effective lending by banks and other financial institutions. In this paper, the existence of small and micro enterprises currently financing channels for a single, national support policies in place as well as higher financing costs and other issues to discuss, and put forward relevant policy recommendations in the small and micro enterprises themselves, government support, financial support and other aspects.%小微企业在创造就业机会、缓解就业压力、活跃市场经济以及促进社会发展等方面都有着巨大的作用,也已经成为推动我国国民经济发展的重要力量。然而,小微企业由于营业收入少、抵御风险能力差、财务信息混乱等原因,很难通过银行等金融机构获得有效贷款。针对小微企业目前存在的融资渠道较少、国家扶持政策不到位以及融资成本较高等问题进行讨论分析,以期从小微企业自身、政府支持、金融支持等方面提出相关的政策建议。

  3. A Comparative Study of Travel Management Business Model of Tourism Enterprise in China%我国旅游企业差旅管理经营模式比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕兴洋; 白江曼; 徐虹

    2012-01-01

    梳理了差旅管理的相关理论,在此基础之上根据旅游企业差旅管理核心能力的来源,将我国的差旅管理经营模式划分为中外合作经营模式和自主经营模式,从市场规模、市场定位、差旅管理资源、技术和管理创新、服务内容、服务流程、服务网络和盈利渠道八个方面对二者进行了比较分析。最后,对现有经营模式提出了一些改进建议,以期能为旅游企业开展差旅管理业务提供借鉴。%The article reviews the related theories of travel management. According to travel management core competen- cy of tourism enterprise, it divides travel management business model in China into Sino-foreign cooperative model and independent model and makes a comparative study of the two models in such eight aspects as market scale, market orien- tation, travel management resources, technology and management innovation, service content, service flow, service network and profit channel. Finally, it puts forward some suggestions of improving existing business model, which may play a part in travel management of tourism enterprise.

  4. Service Expansion of Privately-run Express Delivery Enterprises in Mobile Business Environment%移动商务环境下我国民营快递企业的服务拓展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱湘晖

    2014-01-01

    电子商务推动了物流快递行业业务量的高速增长,民营快递企业在国内物流市场中的地位愈发重要。移动商务作为新一代电子商务发展的主要形式,表现出及时性、精准性、个性化等特征,民营快递企业提升竞争优势需要加强服务质量,提升服务意识,在APP应用程序、微信平台、二维码等方面开拓相关服务。%With the rapid growth of logistics express promoted by e-commerce, privately-run express delivery enterprises play more important roles in domestic logistics market. As a main form of new e-commerce, mobile business shows the characteristics of being timely, accurate and personalized. The author puts forward that privately-run express delivery enterprises should strengthen service quality and awareness to enhance their competitive advantages, and expand more related services from the aspects of APP application, WeChat platform and QR code.

  5. 探讨施工企业营业税、所得税税收筹划%Business Tax and Income Tax Planning of Construction Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳坤

    2013-01-01

    每个纳税人都有依法纳税的义务,同时进行税收筹划也是其履行的职责。在激烈的市场竞争中,施工企业为了获取更多的收益,必须要承揽到施工项目,造成企业之间相互压价、承诺垫资等现象,进而导致企业资金周转紧张,资金使用成本较高,利润空间狭小,经济运行效益不高。此时,施工企业应借助税收筹划来缓解压力。%Each taxpayer has the obligation to pay tax in accordance with law, and at the same time carrying on the tax planning is also the duties. In the fierce market competition, construction enterprises force price down and loan for the construction project. It causes enterprise capital turnover tension, high use cost of funds, narrow profit space, and the economic operation efficiency is not high. At this time, the construction enterprises should use tax planning to relieve stress.

  6. 通过ISO27001加强企业业务连续性管理%Strengthening Enterprise Business Continuity Management by ISO27001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴秋玫; 姚莉; 杨鸥; 车勇波; 丁东

    2015-01-01

    The Business Continuity management is ISO27001 standard of a safety control target,its purpose is to prevent the effects of interruptions to business activities and to protect critical business processes from major failures of information systems or disasters,and ensure their timely recovery.Author Puer power supply bureau information security management system construction process in the business continuity management mode of operation,the implementation process of business continuity management carried out and Puer electric power supply bureau business continuity management achievement basis,from two aspects of IT systems and IT services on how to strengthen the business continuity management are described.%业务连性管理是ISO27001标准中的一项安全控制目标,其目的是防止业务活动中断,保护关键业务过程免受信息系统重大失误或灾难的影响,并确保它们的及时恢复.该文作者就普洱供电局信息安全管理体系建设过程中所采用的业务连续性管理运作方式,对业务连续性管理的实施过程进行了梳理,并依据普洱供电局业务连续性管理成果,从IT系统和IT服务两个方面对如何加强业务连续管理进行了阐述.

  7. 75 FR 79072 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-17

    ...: 8(a), small disadvantaged businesses (SDB), disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women owned... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for;...

  8. 76 FR 30990 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-27

    ... refer to: 8(a), small disadvantaged businesses (SDB), disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for;...

  9. 78 FR 13143 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-26

    ... refer to: 8(a), small disadvantaged businesses (SDB), disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business... Transportation (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice of...

  10. Social issues in the family enterprise

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Gils, A.E.J.; Dibrell, C.; Neubaum, D.O.; Craig, J.B.

    2014-01-01

    In this introduction, we discuss social issue research in the management and family business literatures, focusing on ethics, corporate social responsibility, and philanthropic practices of family enterprises. Next, we introduce and highlight four articles accepted for publication. The editorial con

  11. Profitability of wood harvesting enterprises

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Penttinen, M. email: markku.penttinen@metla.fi; Mikkola, J. email: jarmo.mikkola@metla.fi; Rummukainen, A. email: arto.rummukainen@metla.fi

    2009-07-01

    The forest machine business is about 50 years old. The rapid technical development of machinery increased productivity up to the end of last century. In 2007, the total value of round and energy wood harvesting and silvicultural work operated by forest machine enterprises exceeded 570 mill. euro. According to the materials of the Vehicle Administration Finland and Statistics Finland there are about 1 600 active harvesting enterprises in the personal and business taxation system. Beside this, there are according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry about 1 300 farmers who do harvesting as side business. About 1 000 enterprises working in June 2007 were studied with their retrospective economic analyses from 2001. The data includes all enterprises that had supplied closing of the accounts data. One-machine entrepreneurs represent more than a third of the number of enterprises, but only 13 percent of the turnover. Enterprises with seven or more machines represent less than ten percent of the number, but over twenty percent of the turnover. Enterprises are largest in eastern and northern Finland, where the average number of machines per enterprise exceeds three. Small enterprises are mostly singleowner business enterprises with a median turnover of 125 000 euros per annum. Partnerships and limited enterprises have double the median turnover of single-owner businesss. Limited companies turn over a median of 450 000 euro/y, representing 67 percent of total turnover. Median net profit varied between 6 and 10 percent of turnover in 2001-2007, but only between 2 and 4 percent where the wage adjustment is deducted from the profit. The wage adjustment is estimated as if the owners of single-owner businesses earn an operator's salary. Profit was highest in 2002 and lowest 2006. In the smallest enterprise class with a turnover of less than 75 000 euro/y, profit was lowest and negative in 2006 and 2007. The variation in profits between enterprises was also biggest in

  12. Diagnosis in the Enterprise Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Skrynkovskyy Ruslan M.; Pawlowski Grzegorz

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the article is to define the role and place of the diagnosis management system in the structure of the task system of the enterprise diagnosis. There suggested the essence of the concept of «diagnosis of the enterprise», which is understood as the process of identification, analysis and evaluation of the enterprise state and trends in its changes (changes of the state) on the basis of relevant business indicators in order to develop recommendations on the eliminat...

  13. Qualifications versus useful knowledge in metallurgical enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Gajdzik

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents notions connected with resource structure of useful knowledge packages in metallurgical enterprise. Dependence between building competence of employees and using knowledge for the need of better efficiency of the enterprise was discussed here. ArcelorMittal Poland enterprise served as case study here due to the fact that it strives at World Class Management by putting emphasis on bringing areas of business activity to perfection through participation and involvement of employees.

  14. The Empirical Analysis on the Impact of Replacing Business Tax with Value-added Tax on Listing Logistic Enterprises%营改增对物流业上市公司影响的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李绍萍

    2014-01-01

    In carrying out the pilot project of replacing business tax with value-added tax, there are some problems with logistics enterprises, such as the not unified value-added tax rate in different business links, the great variety of related invoice, the not unified tax-paying pattern of enterprises and their branches and difficulties in adjusting financial accounting. As the fundamental and strategic industry of national economic and social development, and according to the industrial characteristics and the requirement of being an integrated, socialized, networked and scaled industry, the logistics industry should be treated as an independent service industry and the related tax policies should be planed as a whole and improved, such as increasing deduction items of input tax, unifying tax rate of different links, strengthening management of invoice, unifying tax-paying of logistic enterprise groups and clarifying the methods of financial accounting.%营改增政策试点过程中,物流企业存在税负偏重、各业务环节增值税率不统一、涉及发票种类繁多、企业及其分支机构无法统一纳税、会计核算调整执行难度大等问题。物流业作为国民经济社会发展的基础性、战略性产业,应根据其产业特点和物流企业一体化、社会化、网络化、规模化发展要求,将其作为独立的服务产业看待,统筹完善有关税收政策,如增加增值税进项税抵扣项目、统一物流业各环节增值税税率、加强物流企业发票管理、允许物流企业集团统一纳税、明确试点物流企业会计核算办法等。

  15. Enterprise-Wide Process & Performance Excellence:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edgeman, Rick; Kristensen, Kai; Eskildsen, Jacob Kjær;

    2013-01-01

    Program value proposition, content, organization, and strategy are elaborated herein. This elaboration is the result of careful study of business and social trends, along with careful listening to collaborating enterprises. It is in this latter sense that the Enterprise-Wide Process & Performance...

  16. Enterprise Rails

    CERN Document Server

    Chak, Dan

    2008-01-01

    Enterprise Rails introduces time-tested software engineering principles to help you build a high-performance, scalable website with global reach. You'll learn how to design a solid architecture that ties the many parts of an enterprise website together, including the database, your servers and clients, and other services as well. Throughout this book, you'll work on an example enterprise project to learn first-hand what's involved in architecting serious web applications.

  17. 安徽省涉农企业应用电子商务平台研究%Research on Application of Electronic Business Platform of Agricultural Enterprises in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪怡; 刘晓云; 何军

    2012-01-01

    By integrating the commonly used decision analysis methods, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)and its eigenvalue calculation framework with SWOT analysis method were used to analyze the weight of advantages and disadvantages,opportunities and threats factors of electronic business platform of agricultural enterprises in Anhui Province application. A quantitative model suitable for organizational decision was constructed by connecting with the Delphi method. The results indicated that taking WO strategy,making agricultural electronic business service platform fit the situation of Anhui Province, accelerating the modern agricultural logistics distribution system construction were the ideal strategy choices.%将决策分析的常用方法AHP法及其特征值计算的框架整合进SWOT分析法。用于分析安徽省涉农企业应用电子商务平台的优势因素、劣势因素、机会因素和威胁因素的权重,并结合Delphi法构建了一个适用于战略决策的定量模型。结果显示采用WO战略打造符合省情的农业电子商务服务平台、加快现代农业物流配送体系建设是较为理想的战略选择。

  18. Analysis of the Influence of Price War on Network Marketing Performance of E-Business Enterprises%价格大战对电商企业网络营销绩效的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩建辉

    2015-01-01

    电子商务企业的价格大战引起了业内的广泛关注,对电子商务企业的网络营销绩效有着重要的影响。本文在分析电商企业价格大战起因的基础上,研究了价格大战对电商企业的有利和不利影响,论述了价格大战对网络营销绩效发生影响的根源性原因,据此针对性地提出提高网络营销绩效的相应建议措施。%The frequent e-business price war has drawn extensive attention, which has great influence on the network marketing performance of relevant enterprises. Based on the analysis of the causes of electric business price war, this paper researches its favorable and unfavorable effects and the reasons for its influence on network marketing performance. On this basis, it puts forward some corresponding measures to improve network marketing performance.

  19. 小企业会计准则与企业所得税法差异分析%Difference Analysis of Small Business Accounting Standard and Enterprise Income Tax Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淑香

    2013-01-01

    Starting with the relationship between accounting and tax, this article analyzes the concrete manifestation of the difference between China's enterprise income tax law and accounting standards for small business, and explains the specific reasons, aiming to find the overall idea of coordinating the difference and reduce the tax burden on small firms and national tax cost, so as to promote the sustainable, healthy and rapid development of our national economy, and let small business play their role well in national economy.%本文从探究会计与税收关系的角度出发,分析我国企业所得税法与小企业会计准则产生差异的具体表现,并解释差异形成的具体原因,旨在梳理出差异协调的总体思路,减少小企业纳税负担和国家的征税成本,促进我国经济持续健康快速发展,发挥出小企业在国民经济中的重要作用。

  20. 基于外贸业务流程的《外贸函电》教学模式的改革%Reform of the Teaching Model of“Business Correspondence”Based on Foreign-Enterprise-Business-Procedure-Simulated Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹幸居

    2014-01-01

    Under the background of building application-oriented universities, the core course of“business English”,“Business Correspondence”, must be reformed. The reform is based on CDIO concept and“enterprise-simulated”teaching theory. It means that teachers will reorganize the teaching contents into four modules on the basis of the materials collected in the course of foreign trade research. And then, teachers will guide the students to learn foreign business knowledge surrounding C,D,I,O, based on foreign trade procedure. As for examination, it is centered on CDIO concept and foreign trade procedure, include formation evaluation and final evaluation. The aim of the reform is to train the talents which can meet the demand of foreign trade enterprises.%在建设应用型本科院校的大趋势背景下,作为商务英语专业核心课程的《外贸函电》必须进行改革。CDIO 理念和“虚拟企业”理论是指导改革的理论基础,这意味着教师根据企业调研搜集的素材重新整理教学内容为四个模块,并指导学生围绕着C(conceive)、D(design)、I(implement)、O(operate)四个方面,按照企业外贸业务流程学习函电知识,考核方式以CDIO理念和外贸业务流程为基础,分为形成性考核和终结性考核两部分。改革目标是培养能够满足外贸企业需要的人才。

  1. Small business & employment

    OpenAIRE

    Lieshout, Harm van

    2015-01-01

    Understanding SMEs is essential to our aspired succes as an economic partner. Small enterprises are not small big enterprises, and differ substantially among them The key ingredient to our help from education remains the education of a new highly skilled generation of workers … and entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs do not necessarily want to be employers, and are not necessarily good at it. But to ensure a healthy life in a healthy business, they need to be.

  2. The Mobility of Business Knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Zoltán Bartha

    2010-01-01

    Different aspects of business knowledge’s mobility are analysed in the paper. We define business knowledge as action-related skills, and codified messages that contribute to the effective combination of inputs. In other words business knowledge can be explicit at times, but also may appear as highly implicit. The mobility of the factor is extremely important: if it is found that certain elements of business knowledge are immobile, enterprises may only get access to it if they move to regions ...

  3. 38 CFR 74.3 - Who does the Center for Veterans Enterprise (CVE) consider to own a veteran-owned small business?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Who does the Center for..., Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VETERANS SMALL BUSINESS... to receive: (1) At least 51 percent of the annual distribution of profits paid to the owners of...

  4. 制度因素、顾客响应能力与经营绩效--国有与民营企业的对比研究%Institutional Factors, Customer Response Capability and Business Performance-A Comparative Study between State-owned Enterprises and Private Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李巍

    2014-01-01

    Customer response capability (CRC) is the critical capability in strategic management, and is also the key that en-terprises achieve and sustain market competitive advantages. The paper, drawing on institutional theory, undertaking the the-oretical framework of regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive basic systems, using empirical data collected from 247 en-terprises, identifies and verifies the impacts of three types of institutional factors: the adaptive organizational structure, mar-ket-focused organization learning, and top management team risk preference on CRC, and the relationship between CRC and business performance. Then the paper analyzes the differences of above relations under two different ownerships in order to deepen the understanding on the relations of institutional factors, CRC and business performance.%顾客响应能力是企业战略管理领域的重要能力类型,是企业获取持续竞争优势的关键。文章借鉴制度理论观点,以制度因素的管制、规范和文化认知三大基础系统为理论框架,运用247家企业实证数据,识别并验证适应性组织结构、市场聚焦型组织学习和高管团队风险偏好三类制度因素对顾客响应能力的影响作用,以及顾客响应能力与经营绩效的关系;随后在两类所有制形式下,考察上述关系差异性,深化对制度因素、顾客响应能力与经营绩效关系的理解。

  5. Quest for business intelligence in health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van De Graaff, Joe; Cameron, Austin

    2013-02-01

    In an era of reform, providers are examining more forward-thinking business intelligence strategies, according to a recent study. Enterprise business intelligence tool sets offer a breadth of design and functionality that often are capable of serving the enterprise. One limitation of broader tool sets is that they may lack needed application-specific functionality or prebuilt healthcare content for a specific department.

  6. 160-more Enterprises Have Been Stationed into ABP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      Advanced Business Park(ABP),with the advanced concept and design, beautiful official environment, high-quality software and hardware service and favorable prices, has attracted more and more enterprises'attention. Domestic enterprises are actively applying to be settled in ABP. Up to today, 160-more enterprises have signed the agreements and have been settled in ABP.……

  7. 160-more Enterprises Have Been Stationed into ABP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Advanced Business Park(ABP),with the advanced concept and design, beautiful official environment, high-quality software and hardware service and favorable prices, has attracted more and more enterprises'attention. Domestic enterprises are actively applying to be settled in ABP. Up to today, 160-more enterprises have signed the agreements and have been settled in ABP.

  8. What is a networked business?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Santana Tapia, R.G.

    2006-01-01

    Due to increasing competitive pressure in their market, many enterprises are implementing changes to the way they conduct business. These changes range from implementing new IT, to redesigning the structure of the organization and entering into all kinds of cooperations with other enterprises, formi

  9. Towards model-driven service-oriented enterprise computing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sinderen, van Marten; Spies, Marcus

    2009-01-01

    The new enterprise is characterized by its ability to focus on core competencies and to flexibly interact with partners in order to collectively satisfy customer needs and exploit business opportunities. The new enterprise is an active player in dynamic business networks and it generally is itself c

  10. Requirements Management for Net-Centric Enterprises. Phase 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-31

    BusinessWor ks X X X X X Talend Integration Suite – Enterprise Edition X X X X X X X Informatica Data Integration Product Suite...UNCLASSIFIED 83 TIBCO ActiveMatrix BusinessWor ks X NS Talend Integration Suite – Enterprise Edition X X X X X X NS Informatica Data

  11. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING IMPLEMENTATION: A CONCEPTUAL MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevenpri Candra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is examining the influence of organizational learning and knowledge management in enterprise resource planning implementation. This study is based on organizational learning, knowledge management and enterprise resource planning implementation. This research did not test all organizational factors and focus particularly on knowledge management capacity and absorptive capability. Enterprise resource planning implementation successful is a must. In today’s global and competitor in business, enterprise resource planning is becoming one of the main tools to achieve competitiveness in business. Enterprise resource planning is an infrastructure to create and maintain business to improve front-office and back-office efficiency and effectiveness. This study is significant to bring new thinking in determines the key antecedents to successful enterprise resource planning implementation based on knowledge management perspectives and it will helps to understand the key success factor in enterprise resource planning implementation.

  12. CHARACTERISTICS OF SMALL-SCALE ENTERPRISES IN WEST SUMATRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syahrial Syarif

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Small-scale enterprises in West Sumatra experienced slow growth and some constraints in their development process. In 1998, small businesses represented 99.61% of total business units operating in West Sumatra and absorbed 88.8% of total employment. The orientation of their businesses mostly on domestic market although recently they enter international market. Export contribution of small businesses still very low but growing steadily during the last three years. This research showed that enterprises dealing with embroideries, garments and handicrafts are ambitiously orienting their products towards foreign markets. At the same time these business categories are also proven to be the most profitable businesses.

  13. Business value of IT: the strategic planning process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunasekaran, Suresh; Garets, David E

    2003-01-01

    Too often, the vocabulary of IT justification is disconnected from the dominant business issues of the enterprise. The described framework for IT strategic planning can be used not only to align IT investments with business objectives, but also to provide clarity to enterprise business IT strategy.

  14. Conscience over ERP Application in Business Form Printing Enterprises%关注票据印刷企业实施ERP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董晓红

    2007-01-01

    ERP(Enterprise Resources Planning)的构成理论和实施过程的多元化,造就了鱼龙混杂的ERP市场。直译其名——企业资源计划,企业资源都包含哪些内容?对这些资源进行计划的目的是什么?票据印刷企业在选择实施ERP的过程中应该关注哪些要点?这是每一个决定实施ERP的企业必须要回答的问题。

  15. A Method for Enterprise Ontology based Design of Enterprise Information Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Jong, J.

    2013-01-01

    A method for designing an Enterprise information system, which is based on an implementation independent model of the organization, has been developed. This model, also called an ontological model, consists of both implementation independent business processes and implementation independent informat

  16. Enterprise Engineering - A New Organizational Discipline (2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu Gabriel CRETU

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The e-business ecosystem generates pressure on modern companies to invest massively in technologies that can bring them into the digital world of business. In their race to become a player in the global information system, companies have accumulated many layers of software that, in turn, generated what is now known as the software complexity issue. What is missing in most organizations is a mechanism that can align or “bridge the gap” between the concerns of corporate strategists and IT project managers. As a consequence, a new discipline has evolved, enterprise engineering, to deal with enterprise architectures. The enterprise architecture describes the logical linkages between the enterprise business, information and technical architectures and the enterprise IT solutions. Standards for building the enterprise architecture have been lately adopted in order to draw the architectural guidelines for enterprise engineers. This paper continues a series of articles that will provide an overview of frameworks, metamodels and technologies available today for enterprise engineering.

  17. Teaching Case: Enterprise Architecture Specification Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steenkamp, Annette Lerine; Alawdah, Amal; Almasri, Osama; Gai, Keke; Khattab, Nidal; Swaby, Carval; Abaas, Ramy

    2013-01-01

    A graduate course in enterprise architecture had a team project component in which a real-world business case, provided by an industry sponsor, formed the basis of the project charter and the architecture statement of work. The paper aims to share the team project experience on developing the architecture specifications based on the business case…

  18. Consolidated Afloat Networks and Enterprise Services (CANES)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Intelligence , Surveillance and Reconnaissance, Information Operations, Logistics and Business domains require the CANES infrastructure to operate...2016 Major Automated Information System Annual Report Consolidated Afloat Networks and Enterprise Services (CANES) Defense Acquisition Management...Programs 3 Program Information 4 Responsible Office 4 References 4 Program Description 5 Business Case 6 Program Status 7

  19. INSTITUTIONS OF SUPPORT FOR INNOVATIVE PRODUCTION ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludmila TIMOTIN

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article explores the specific forms of support for innovative entrepreneurship, including those oriented towards government cooperation,scientific research institutions and enterprises, in particular innovation vouchers, innovation incubators, clusters. The solution of the financial problems of the innovative business currently takes place through special institutions – venture capital funds, business angels.

  20. Research of Enterprise Resource Management Supporting Networked Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The nature of networked manufacturing and agile manufacturing is to recognize enterprise resources timely and accurately. This paper mainly discusses an enterprise resource model method and the construction process. Furthermore, the system frameworks of software and application are put forward to realize various enterprise resources management based on a resource business process. Thus, we ensure the integration and sharing of enterprise resources for the requirement of networked manufacturing.

  1. 业务持续性管理在矿企中应用探讨%Discussion on business continuity management in mining enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋曙光; 赵莹; 辛民; 王凯; 王媛媛; 赵红红

    2016-01-01

    Business Continuity Management is a new set of management methods which can recognize the disaster and provide effective mechanism to reduce the damage in case of key business interruption . This method has been developing in banking, oil, paper money printing and social public security industry but has not yet been used in the coal industry. In view of the frequent accidents of coal mining, and the existing emergency management are imperfect in the formulation and application, a new way is put forward that the business continuity management will integrate with emergency management in coal mine management system, state the foreground and the construction of main point . The application of this system will bring huge economic and social benefits for the coal industry.%针对煤矿企业事故频发而现有的应急管理在制定及应用上不够完善的现状,提出将煤矿企业的应急管理与BCM(业务持续性管理)相融合的新型管理体系,详细介绍了BCM的管理流程及BCM在国内外的发展运用情况,以及煤矿应急管理现状和存在的问题。并阐述了业务持续性管理体系在矿山企业的建设要点及应用前景。最后指出, BCM体系的完善和应用将会给煤炭企业带来更大的企业效益和社会效益。

  2. The Impact of Enterprise Resource Planning Systems on Small and Medium Enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buleje, Miguel A.

    2014-01-01

    Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems are considered the price of entry in today's business environment, and the number of small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) retiring legacy systems in favor of ERP systems is increasing exponentially. However, there is a lack of knowledge and awareness of ERP systems and their potential benefit and…

  3. The Relationship between a Business Simulator, Constructivist Practices, and Motivation toward Developing Business Intelligence Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hsun-Ming; Long, Ju; Visinescu, Lucian L.

    2016-01-01

    Developing Business Intelligence (BI) has been a top priority for enterprise executives in recent years. To meet these demands, universities need to prepare students to work with BI in enterprise settings. In this study, we considered a business simulator that offers students opportunities to apply BI and make top-management decisions in a system…

  4. Diagnostics of the Enterprise Export Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skrynkovskyy Ruslan M.

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to form and develop theoretical and methodological foundations for diagnostics of the enterprise export potential, which should be understood as a process of identification, analysis and assessment of the level of potential possibility and readiness of the enterprise to implement export activities taking into account the impact of interrelated internal variables (goals, technology, structure, tasks, educational and professional potential of the staff and factors of the enterprise external environment (customers, competitors, suppliers, intermediaries, contact audience, etc. in order to ensure a qualitatively new level of its development and formation of its prospects. It is determined that the key business indicators of the system for diagnostics of enterprise export potential are: the level of enterprises competitiveness in the international (global market; the level of competitiveness of enterprise products; the level of competitiveness of enterprise export products; the level of enterprise resource opportunities; the level of enterprise export performance. Prospects for further research in this direction are to develop a classification (specifically detailed list of objectives of the enterprise diagnostics by the level of detail (element, partial, complex, taking into account diagnostics of export potential of the enterprise as part of diagnostic objective.

  5. Institutional Transition from Welfare Enterprise to Social Enterprise: the Localization of Legislation and Policy in Chinese Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Xiaomeng

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Welfare enterprises, which are intended to create jobs for disabled people, are the core component of China's welfare system. As the economic environment and regulations change, China's welfare enterprises, which cannot take effective measures from within and emerge strong in market competition, are stuck in a bottleneck where further development is difficult. Welfare enterprises have hit the ceiling in their development for lacking sustainable sources of capital and capabilities of capital operation, inefficient management model and uncompetitive products and services. To reverse the trend of decline and grow into strong market players, the transformation from welfare enterprise to social enterprise, embracing the features of enterprise and social objectives, as an alternative is of crucial importance. As a new hybrid economic form, social enterprise combines the efficiency of businesses and the public-good nature of welfare enterprises, representing win-win cooperation among the government, society, and business sector. Such development is an institutional transformation which boosts competitiveness and tackles tough issues welfare enterprises are facing. Shifting from welfare enterprises to social enterprises means an institutional transition, during the process of which international experience in legislation shall be learned and localized. This paper analyzes the development history of welfare enterprises by taking a comprehensive look at the salient points of existing laws, policies promulgated throughout history, implementation and performance, major problems etc. so as to explore the institutional transition from welfare enterprises to social enterprises, revealing possible legal and policy problems and making suggestions.

  6. Chinese Enterprises Should Boost Competitiveness Through Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴悦

    2007-01-01

    As the global economy approaches the heyday of knowledge revolution,enterprises are now entrenched in the order of globalized business.A great spirit has thus emerged in the"hot land"of China:pursuing business evolution and breakthroughs by taking risks.Innovation has stimulated energy and competitiveness in enterprises.The China Business Competitiveness Annual Meeting, 2006,was held on the 8th November at Beijing Hotel,with a theme of"creativity,innovation and creation".A plethora of new ideas upon these topics were presented at the meeting.

  7. Business Website Design and Production Curriculum Reform Based on the Real Enterprise Projects%基于真实企业项目的商务网站设计与制作课程改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕岩; 王鑫; 林冰

    2014-01-01

    In our school e-commerce professional conduct"Teaching MBE-CDIO's"background, focus on reform ideas"Business Website Design and Production"course, content design, organization and implementation process. Courses posi-tioned"MBE-CDIO Course System"and clearly technology, capacity, quality and other teaching objectives, the project will introduce the real business of teaching students in the form of participation in the project team throughout the project devel-opment and the use of the process of assessment methods showcase the enterprise views as an important assessment criteria into the evaluation system. Two pilot curriculum reform, teaching effectiveness previews.%在我校电子商务专业进行“MBE-CDIO的教学改革”的大背景下,重点介绍商务网站设计与制作课程的改革思路、内容设计、组织和实施过程。课程在“MBE-CDIO课程体系”中定位并明确技术、能力、素质等教学目标,将真实企业项目引入教学,学生以项目组形式参与项目开发全程,并采用展示型过程化考核方式,将企业意见作为重要考核标准纳入考核体系。课程改革试行两届,教学成效初显。

  8. A Comparative Study of Accounting Entities Under Different Business Organizations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Hong-lan; XU Guo-xin; FAN Jin

    2001-01-01

    In terms of accounting, all types of business enterprises regardless of their organizational form are separate accounting entities. But different types of organization forms entail remarkable differences in the establishments, legal positions, liabilities, taxation obligations and accounting practices of the business enterprises as accounting entities. A good knowledge of such difference is beneficial to the promotion of the development of all types of business enterprises in China.

  9. Investigation of Segregated Business Ethics Elements Influence on Results of Service Enterprises Activity Verslo etikos elementų įtakos paslaugų įmonės veiklos rezultatams analizė

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Luebcke

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available

    The article deals with interaction of segregated business ethics elements with service enterprises activity. To discover the interaction, business ethics has been differentiated to segregated elements and the influence of the segregated elements for main indexes of enterprises competitiveness discovered by correlation coefficients. Effective mana-gement is inseparable from ethics. The organization of ethical training in the company cannot just “wake” ethical awareness, and also of targeted individuals to shape their activities on matter-of-fact ethical justification, as modern ethics code object principles can be implemented not only for ethical training for staff, but also involving them in the company’s code of ethics for development. The study showed that in Lithuania, so far, very few companies have their own ethic codes and employees not only do not participate in the production, but also little wise twig about their purpose. Calculations showed, that business ethics have direct impact on the corporate profits, it is clear that ethics is only an aid in order to achieve its goal. Although the overall company’s revenue per year has increased substantially, ethical behavior may in itself be evocative. The strongest influence discovered was: commitment compliance with sales results, profit growth, and installation rates of innovations; guarantee of the reliable service information about earnings; infor-mation security assurance and leadership style for company’s image. Also, some problems of implementation of business ethics at service enterprises were discovered.

    Keywords: business ethics, business ethics elements, profit, the service company

  10. PENGEMBANGAN BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE BAGI PERKEMBANGAN BISNIS PERUSAHAAN

    OpenAIRE

    Eka Miranda

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses the Business Intelligence and its role to improve the company’s competitive advantage through the utilization of various data, information and knowledge held by the company as a raw material in the decision making process. This article also explains the elements of Business Intelligence applications, Business Intelligence Environment, integrating BI into the enterprise and the challenges faced by organizations in giving effect to Business Intelligence.Keywords: Business...

  11. 29 CFR 794.110 - Activities excluded from the enterprise by the statute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... unified operation and common control for a common business purpose by the participants in the enterprise... ownership will not lose its status as a separate and distinct enterprise by reason of certain franchise...

  12. On Social Responsibilities of Enterprises from the Perspective of Business Ethics%经济伦理与企业的社会责任

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈晓婷; 李效东

    2007-01-01

    随着中国市场经济体系的建构,经济伦理学(Business Ethics)作为责任、公平、公正等概念在经济领域的伦理反映,为学术界、企业界提供了全新的观点框架和价值意识.本文通过对企业"非道德性神话"所映射出的资本主义社会道德责任的评析,用马克思主义辨证唯物论的视角,说明社会经济关系对企业社会责任的决定作用.

  13. 电子商务企业内控环境与风险变化%The Changes of the Environment and Risks in the Internal Control in the Electronic Business Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧旖

    2013-01-01

    Today information technology develops rapidly,the process of economic globalization is speeding up,the electronic business enterprise’s internal control environment and risk also changed,the internal control of the enterprise needs to establish and perfect the internal control system,to improve the quality of the staff,to establish a comprehensive risk and significant risk management in order to improve the internal control effectiveness.%  信息技术发展飞速的今天,经济全球化进程加快,而电子商务企业的内控环境和环境风险也发生了变化,企业内部控制亟需建立和完善自身的内部控制制度、提高员工的素质、建立全面风险管理和重要风险管理来提高内部控制的有效性。

  14. 基于企业大数据的新型企业管理理念和决策模型研究%Study of New Business Management Concepts and Decision Model Based on Enterprise Big Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳

    2015-01-01

    2011年全球数据使用量达到1.8ZB,到2015年预测将达到35ZB。企业传统的管理理念和决策方式已无法适应大数据时代的要求。对大数据的概念及特征做了简要介绍,研究了一些企业利用大数据进行管理和决策的案例,提出了大数据时代企业在不同职能方面的管理理念和决策方式的转变。%In 2011,usage of global data has reached 1.8ZB and by 2015,it will come up to 35ZB.The tradi-tional management concepts and decision-making methods have been unable to adapt to the requirement of the age of big data.Therefore,firstly the concept and characteristics of big data are briefly introduced,fol-lowed by the study of some enterprise cases about management and decision-making by using big data,and finally it puts forward the transformation of business management concepts and decision-making in differ-ent functional aspects in the age of big data.

  15. 基于云计算的物流公司业务信息管理的研究%Study on Logistics Enterprise Business Information Management Based on Cloud Computing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    隋振有

    2012-01-01

    介绍了基于云计算物流公司业务信息管理的设计理念;对基于云计算物流公司业务信息管理的开发与实现进行详细地描述;提出在构建物流业务信息管理过程中,运用计算的思想,对现有的架构体系进行集成,充分分利用现有的资源,实现云计算物流.%In this paper, we introduced the ideas for the design of the business information management system of logistics enterprises based on cloud computation, then elaborated on the development and realization of the cloud—based system in detail and proposed to integrate the existing architecture of the system using cloud computation and fully take advantage of the available resources.

  16. Research on Impact and Strategies of Business Tax Replaced with VAT for Construction Enterprise in China%"营改增"对我国建筑企业的影响及应对策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐瑶

    2016-01-01

    从税负、经营成果、税收征管角度,分析建筑业实施"营改增"的影响,并针对性地提出降低试点企业一般纳税人认定标准、加强材料采购管理、解决"甲供材"结算不利影响、加强合同评审、提高税款抵扣比例、在工程项目所在地预征增值税、借鉴企业所得税汇算清缴制度均衡税款入库时间等对策和建议.%The paper analyzes the impact of replacing business tax with value-added tax(VAT)from the perspective of tax burden,operating results,tax collection and management,and puts forward the suggestions naming reducing the certification standard of general taxpayer of pilot enterprise,strengthening the management of material procurement,solving the adverse effects of material settlement of materials provided by the first party,strengthening contract review,raising the proportion of tax deduction,pre-collecting VAT in the place that the project exists,balancing the receipt entry of tax by drawing lessons from settlement system of corporate income tax.

  17. Design of Non-cigarette Tobacco Business Enterprises Logistics Development Mode and Strategy Research%浅谈烟草商业企业非烟物流发展模式及策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜伟

    2015-01-01

    Facing the fourth wave of global anti tobacco,The tobacco business enterprises should seek a new direction for survival and development———Non tobacco logistics development mode.This article will analyze the feasibility of non tobacco logistics development mode,and combined with the practice to analyze the feasible non tobacco logistics development mode in our country,put forward the corresponding strategies on how to improve the non tobacco logistics development mode.%面对汹涌而来的第四次全球反烟浪潮,非烟物流发展模式成为烟草商业企业顺应当下控烟形势,谋求生存与发展的新方向。文中将分析烟草商业企业非烟物流发展模式的可行性,并结合实务探索我国目前可行的非烟物流发展模式,就如何完善非烟物流发展模式提出相应策略。

  18. 基于利益相关者管理的企业社会责任研究%Study of the Social Responsibility of Business Enterprises Based on the Stakeholder Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王燕

    2015-01-01

    利益相关者管理是理解企业责任的最一般的方法。也即是说,这种管理模式本身就是社会责任的根源。本文从伦理学的视角来审视和分析利益相关者管理理论,得出了基于利益相关者理论的企业社会责任是包括经济责任、法律责任、道德责任在内的具有层次性一种综合责任。从理论上理顺企业为什么要承担社会责任,在什么程度上承担社会责任,使企业承担社会责任得到合理的论证。%Stakeholder Management Model is the resource of social responsibility.When business enterprises are pursuing economic benefits,a variety of interest relationships are formed inevitably,which reflect ethical rela-tionship.The values which Stakeholder Management Theory contains reflect the concept of corporate social respon-sibility.

  19. Spelling: A Fundamental Skill for Effective Business Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hulbert, Jack E.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses the importance of effective written communication to the successful management of business enterprises. Examines the significance of correct spelling and the development of spelling competence. (CT)

  20. An analysis of marketing mix elements in the business of small and medium enterprises dealing with NWFPs in the statistical region of Belgrade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keča Ljiljana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-wood forest products (NWFPs appear as a raw material base for a range of final products used in the pharmaceutical industry, food industry, etc. In addition, along with the expansion of organic production, the importance of the NWFPs market has drastically increased, both at the regional and international levels. The aim of this paper is the analysis of selected marketing mix elements (product, price, promotion and distribution in small and medium enterprises engaged in the purchasing, processing and marketing of NWFPs in the statistical region of Belgrade. The purpose of this research is to highlight the potential of NWFPs in commercial terms, on the basis of the knowledge obtained. The research object is the volume of purchase and marketing of the most important NWFPs in domestic and foreign markets. The research is based on a time series analysis through trend formulation, as well as the analysis of the selected marketing mix elements. An increase in the purchase of raw products can be observed over a six-year period, as a result of the enhancement in the purchase of forest fruits, while the purchase volume of other products remains largely the same. When product placement on the domestic market is concerned, an increase in the purchase of products can be observed, particularly in the last three years of the observation period, as a result of the increased placement of forest fruits on the market, while other products are subject to less fluctuation. The most common products in the statistical region of Belgrade are medicinal herbs, forest fruits and mushrooms. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. EVBR 37008: Održivo gazdovanje ukupnim potencijalima šuma u Republici Srbiji i br. TP 31041: Šumski zasadi u funkciji povećanja pošumljenosti Srbije

  1. The Predictive Aspect of Business Process Intelligence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pérez, Moisés Lima; Møller, Charles

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the arguments for a research proposal on predicting business events in a Business Process Intelligence (BPI) context. The paper argues that BPI holds a potential for leveraging enterprise benefits by supporting real-time processes. However, based on the experiences from past...... business intelligence projects the paper argues that it is necessary to establish a new methodology to mine and extract the intelligence on the business level which is different from that, which will improve a business process in an enterprise. In conclusion the paper proposes a new research project aimed...

  2. 14 CFR 152.419 - Minority business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Minority business. 152.419 Section 152.419... AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Nondiscrimination in Airport Aid Program § 152.419 Minority business. Each person subject to this subpart is required to comply with the Minority Business Enterprise Regulations of...

  3. FORMATION OF BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT ENGINEERING COMPANY

    OpenAIRE

    Khatskevich, L.; Shishkin, I.

    2012-01-01

    In the proposed paper the relevance of management on the basis of machine-building enterprise business process management, building management systems business process engineering company, based on individual organizational functions. Business-process approach is based on rethinking the concept of middle management, where leadership is fundamental to middle managers

  4. Depersonalization of business in ancient Rome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abatino, B.; Dari-Mattiacci, G.; Perotti, E.C.

    2011-01-01

    A crucial step in economic development is the depersonalization of business, which enables an enterprise to operate as a separate entity from its owners and managers. Until the emergence of a de iure depersonalization of business in the 19th century, business activities were eminently personal, with

  5. 当代企业需要的商业精神探析%Analysis on the Business Spirit Contemporary Enterprise Needs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁静丽; 张星海

    2012-01-01

    By watching the TV series "Qiao Family Courtyard", with the corporate status quo, this thesis sums up the lack of main commercial spirit. That is "the spirit of the world" of Yi business spirit: meritocracy, the spirit of readily accepting good advice, faithfulness, fairness and benefit, co - spirit of cooperation, and courage to innovate spirit. These spirits are what our current companies need to seriously study the digestion and absorption of spiritual wealth.%通过观看电视连续剧《乔家大院》,结合当前我国企业现状,总结目前企业主要缺乏的商业精神,即义商的“AT”精神,任人唯贤、从善如流精神,信义利、协合作精神,不唯古训、勇于创新精神。这些精神都是我们当前企业需要认真学习、消化吸收的精神财富。

  6. E-Business Transformation: An Analysis Framework Based on Critical Organizational Dimensions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Qingfeng; CHEN Wenbo; HUANG Lihua

    2008-01-01

    In the era of Internet economics, e-business has become one of the most important strategic factors for enterprise development, so theoretical systems are needed to help enterprises develop e-business transformation strategies. A review of enterprise transformation theory identified five critical organization dimensions of e-business transformation, corporate strategy and vision transformation, organizational structure, product and market transformation, business process transformation, and corporate culture transformation. An e-business transformation process model was developed based on the five dimensions. This model can help enterprises to more effectively implement e-business transformation strategies.

  7. 26 CFR 1.1394-1 - Enterprise zone facility bonds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Proprietor F to establish an accounting business in a zone. In the first year after the initial testing date... the requirements of section 1397B(d)(5)(A) (relating to certain prohibited business activities). (iii..., the requirements of sections 1397B (relating to qualification as an enterprise zone business)...

  8. Family governance practices and teambuilding : Paradox of the enterprising family

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berent-Braun, M.M.; Uhlaner, L.M.

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between family governance practices and financial performance of the business and family assets of business-owning families. A business-owning family that shares a focus on preserving and growing wealth as a family is defined as the enterprising family. Results o

  9. ADaPPT: Enterprise Architecture Thinking for Information Systems Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanifa Shah

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Enterprises have architecture: whether it is visible or invisible is another matter. An enterprises' architecture determines the way in which it works to deliver its business objectives and the way in which it can change to continue to meet its evolving business objectives. Enterprise architectural thinking can facilitate effective strategic planning and information systems development. This paper reviews enterprise architecture (EA and its concepts. It briefly considers EA frameworks. It describes the ADaPPT (Aligning Data, People, Processes and Technology EA approach as a means to managing organisational complexity and change. Future research directions are discussed.

  10. The Business English Teaching in Vocational Technology College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洁

    2013-01-01

    The vocational business English teaching should adapt to the requirments of enterprise, focus on the practical applica⁃tion of business English, and empolder a teaching mode with vocational characteristics.

  11. ?????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? // ANALYSIS OF THE INTERACTION TOURIST AND HOTEL BUSINESS

    OpenAIRE

    Yermachenko, O.S.

    2010-01-01

    ??????????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ? ?????????????? ???????, ????????????????? ???, ??? ? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ????, ?????????? ?????? ???????-??-???? ????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????. Hotel business is an integral part of the of the hospitality industry and tourist business, it is supported by the fact that atpresent the importance and impact on hotel enterprises of local areas, particular...

  12. 77 FR 31149 - National Small Business Week, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... earlier this year, we launched Business USA--a new online platform to give businesses full access to the... between government and private enterprise. Our Nation has always believed that anyone with a solid...

  13. Impact of Hubei Business Culture on Enterprises Competitiveness%鄂商文化对企业竞争力的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缑杰

    2011-01-01

    The Hubei business culture,as a sub-culture has to be influenced by the culture of a nation as well as the located customs,especially the crystal that have been inherited from generation to generation.The traditional culture must exert great influence and give the inspiration for the cultivation of the corporations' cultures,which will in turn enhance the capacities of competition in firms.The corporations' culture in Hubei Province has a long history with deep and wide cultivation which is an unparalleled fortune to the corporations in Hubei Province as well as the businessmen in this land.This culture is deeply rooted in the soul and blood of every businessman here and inspires them for the building of their careers and their own characters as well as the cultivation of cultures in corporations.Businessmen of this generation are expected to rebuild the culture of Hubei,enhance the cultivation of corporation's culture,take up a new face for the world and promote the thriving of middle of China with a strong capacity in competition.%鄂商文化源远流长,博大精深,鄂商文化是湖北商人、湖北企业的一笔巨大财富。继承与弘扬鄂商文化具有重大的历史与现实意义。当代的湖北商人要在反省中打造崭新的鄂商文化,加强企业文化的建设,重新塑造自己,重新构建优秀的企业文化,不断增强企业竞争力,助推中部崛起。

  14. 复杂产品系统企业集成解决方案业务转型动因实证研究%Empirical Study on the Motivation of Business Transformation in CoPS Enterprises towards Integrated Solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李随成; 沈洁

    2011-01-01

    在当今这个服务经济时代,复杂产品系统企业开展集成解决方案的业务转型,为客户提供集成解决方案业务,已经成为企业获取竞争优势的有效方法。在文献资料和国内企业调研访谈的基础上。初步提出14项复杂产品系统企业开展集成解决方案业务转型的动力因素。通过对问卷收集的数据进行实证研究,验证和提取出外部环境、客户需求、服务经济效益、以期获取竞争优势、企业供给5个关键动力因素,并对实证研究结果进行分析讨论。%In today's era of service economy, it has become an effective way tbr complex product system enterprises to gain competitive advantages by developing integrated solution business transformation and providing customers with integrated solutions business. On the basis of literature and research interviews with domestic enterprises, the paper preliminarily extracts 14 driving factors for business trans~om~ation of CoPS enterprises to develop integrated solutions. Through the questionnaire data collected in empirical research, it tests and gets five key factors: the external environment, customer demand, cost-effective servite, in order to obtain competitive advantages, enterprise supply, and then analyzes the empirical studies results.

  15. Digital Business Engineering: Methodological Foundations and First Experiences from the Field

    OpenAIRE

    OTTO, Boris; Bärenfänger, Rieke; Steinbuß, Sebastian

    2015-01-01

    Digitization is affecting almost all areas of business and society. It brings about opportunities for enterprises to design a digital business model. While a significant amount of research exist examining the conceptual foundation of business models in general, no comprehensive approach is available that helps enterprises in designing a digital business model. This paper addresses this gap and proposes Digital Business Engineering as a method for digital business model design. The activities ...

  16. Control of enterprise interfaces for supply chain enterprise modeling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Interrante, L.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Macfarlane, J.F. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Information and Computing Sciences Div.

    1995-04-01

    There is a current trend for manufacturing enterprises in a supply chain of a particular industry to join forces in an attempt to promote efficiencies and improve competitive position. Such alliances occur in the context of specific legal and business agreements such that each enterprise retains a majority of its business and manufacturing information as private and shares other information with its trading partners. Shared information may include enterprise demand projections, capacities, finished goods inventories, and aggregate production schedules. Evidence of the trend toward information sharing includes the recent emphases on vendor-managed inventories, quick response, and Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) standards. The increased competition brought on by the global marketplace is driving industries to consider the advantages of trading partner agreements. Aggregate-level forecasts, supply-chain production smoothing, and aggregate-level inventory policies can reduce holding costs, record-keeping overhead, and lead time in product development. The goal of this research is to orchestrate information exchange among trading partners to allow for aggregate-level analysis to enhance supply chain efficiency. The notion of Enterprise Interface Control (EIC) is introduced as a means of accomplishing this end.

  17. Modeling on the Criteria of Chinese Business English Majors’ Business Communication Competence

    OpenAIRE

    Liu Yonghou; Xiaomin Chen

    2015-01-01

    With increasing globalization in the business arena, the phenomenal growth of international business has created a heavy demand for intellectuals with international business communication competence. Business communication competence, as one of the paramount competences business English majors should acquire and the particular embodiment of competitiveness, is of vital significance not only in personal development, but also in enterprises management, just as Liu (2012) claims “[e]ffective bus...

  18. Green Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MICHAELO'NEILL

    2004-01-01

    While the opening up of the environmental protection industry to foreign investment is helping China improve its technological capacity within the sector, it is also providing a growing number of overseas enterprises with a lucrative entry-point into a large and profitable market.

  19. Apple's Business Model Inspires the Chinese Enterprises During Transformation Period%苹果商业模式对转型期中国企业的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷晨; 徐珊珊

    2012-01-01

    Review 2011,Steve job's death is undoubtedly the most important thing in the management world and the whole social event——because it lets us have more time and chance to explore and think about the arise,development and reasons of success of apple.For apple's miracle,some people attributed to fashion and products of design sense,some people attributed to the download applications,some people attributed to never dried up innovation power,some people comes down to job's helm.From the view of management,attributing causes to a single factor is biased.We can attribute apple's success to the core of the use of its innovation business model.The further elaboration of the business model is more significant to the vast enterprises that have come into the central stage and face the fork of transformation.%回顾2011年,苹果"教主"乔布斯的去世无疑是最引人关注的管理界乃至整个社会的大事件——因为它让我们有更多的时间和机会去探索和思考苹果崛起、发展和成功的原因。对苹果创造的奇迹,有的人归结为时尚又具有设计感的产品、有的人归结于百宝箱般的应用程序下载,有的人归结为永不枯竭的创新动力、有的人归结于乔布斯的掌舵……但从管理的角度看,将原因结于某一单一因素都未免有失偏颇,可以说苹果的成功最核心莫过于其创新商业模式的运用。而这种对商业模式的深入探讨,对已经走到世界舞台中央、并面临转型岔路口的中国广大企业来说有着更为深远的意义。

  20. Embedding Enterprise Education into the Curriculum

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Kelly

    2011-01-01

    Learning about and experiencing enterprise whilst at university can lead to enhanced employability and entrepreneurship skills, and can suggest an alternative career option in business start-up or self-employment. However, educators are often resistant to helping their students learn about enterprise and entrepreneurship, or may struggle to fit additional learning opportunities in an already full subject-specific curriculum. This paper offers two case studies showing how students can learn ab...

  1. The Development and Innovation of the School-enterprise Cooperation Course of Pharmacy Business and Management%校企合作课程《药店经营与管理》的开发与创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴锦

    2012-01-01

    《药店经营与管理》是药品经营与管理专业的核心课程,为药店相关工作和岗位提供系统全面的知识指导和技能培训,为学生走向就业奠定坚实的基础.在校企合作的大好背景下,课程负责人和课程组成员对课程进行了开发和创新,包括教学目标、教学内容、考核模式、教学方法、教学场所、教材.总结课程特色和创新点,可概括为“知识技能素质并重、岗位工作取舍内容、自我管理工学一体,过程考核综合评价”.%Pharmacy Business and Management is the core course of the professio-nal of Drag Supply and Management, providing systematic and comprehensive know-ledge and skills training for related job and post in pharmacy, laying a solid foundation of employment for the students. In the golden context of school-enterprise cooperation, course coordinator and team members develop and innovate on the course, including the teaching goals, teaching contents, teaching modes, teaching methods, teaching sites, teaching materials. Course characteristics and innovation can be summarized as "the quality of both knowledge and skills, the content from job, self-management and technology integration, comprehensive evaluation of the process of assessment."

  2. “营改增”对建筑企业影响研究--基于VE角度%Influence of"Change Business Tax to Added-value Tax"on Construction Enterprises:Based on the View of VE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李翠蓉

    2016-01-01

    为了研究“营改增”政策对建筑企业的影响,本文从当前建筑业现行税收政策现状入手,分析其中存在的问题,然后从微观角度分析营改增对建筑企业的影响,以建筑企业6号线工程为例进行改革效果分析。%In order to study the influence of "change business tax to added-value tax" on construction enterprises, this paper from the current status of the existing tax policy of the construction industry to analyze its problems. Then, the paper analyzes the influence of the policy "change business tax to added-value tax" on construction enterprises from the microscopic view and takes line 6 of the construction enterprises as an example to analyze the reform effect.

  3. 48 CFR 719.272 - Small disadvantaged business policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... business policies. 719.272 Section 719.272 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Policies 719.272 Small disadvantaged business... subcontracting with small disadvantaged businesses and other disadvantaged enterprises based on provisions of...

  4. Comprehensive measurement framework for enterprise architectures

    CERN Document Server

    Dube, Mahesh R; 10.5121/ijcsit.2011.3406

    2011-01-01

    Enterprise Architecture defines the overall form and function of systems across an enterprise involving the stakeholders and providing a framework, standards and guidelines for project-specific architectures. Project-specific Architecture defines the form and function of the systems in a project or program, within the context of the enterprise as a whole with broad scope and business alignments. Application-specific Architecture defines the form and function of the applications that will be developed to realize functionality of the system with narrow scope and technical alignments. Because of the magnitude and complexity of any enterprise integration project, a major engineering and operations planning effort must be accomplished prior to any actual integration work. As the needs and the requirements vary depending on their volume, the entire enterprise problem can be broken into chunks of manageable pieces. These pieces can be implemented and tested individually with high integration effort. Therefore it bec...

  5. Progression and coherence in enterprise education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blenker, Per; Robinson, Sarah; Thrane, Claus

    2015-01-01

    The domain of enterprise education has broadened over several dimensions in the last 25 years. It has expanded with respect to who is educating, it has broadened with respect to what students are expected to learn, it has increased in the scale and scope of courses and it has transformed how we...... educate from a transfer of business competencies towards an entrepreneurial pedagogy. A range of educational institutions delivering many different activities using a number of pedagogies now offers Enterprise education. The cost of this expansion has been a loss of precision about what enterprise...

  6. Knowledge Harvesting for Business Intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Mustapha, Nesrine; Aufaure, Marie-Aude

    2012-01-01

    International audience; With the growth rate of information volume, information access and knowledge management in enterprises has become challenging. This paper aims at describing the importance of semantic technologies (ontologies) and knowledge extraction techniques for knowledge management, search and capture in e-business processes. We will present the state of the art of ontology learning approaches from textual data and web environment and their integration in enterprise systems to per...

  7. The Conceptual Framework for Business Process Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Charles

    and connected world (IBM 2006). Most industrial supply chains today are globally scattered and nearly all organizations rely on their Enterprise Information Systems (ES) for integration and coordination of their activities. In this context innovation inevitably is driven by advanced information technology....... Organizations today are required not only to operate effective business processes but they also need to accommodate to changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Consequently the ability to develop and implement new processes driven by the Enterprise Information Systems is a central competence in most...... industries, and furthermore it is a critical practice for a global enterprise. The next practice in Global Supply Chain Management is Business Process Innovation. Business Process Innovation is the transformation of a global supply chain driven by a new advanced Enterprise Information Systems technology...

  8. Majandustarkvara Microsoft Business Solutionsilt / Fred Viidul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viidul, Fred

    2003-01-01

    Microsoft Business Solutions pakub Eesti turul kolme lokaliseeritud (tõlgitud ja Eesti seadustele kohandatud) toodet: Navision Standard (väikefirmadele), Navision (keskmise suurusega ettevõtetele) ja Axapta Enterprise (suuremale firmale). Tabelid

  9. Business Pattern Innovation in Bulk Production Material Circulation Enterprises under the Trend of Disintermediation in China——The Business Practice of Zhejiang Material Industry Group%流通脱媒趋势下生产资料流通企业商业模式创新——来自浙江物产集团的商业实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘庆岩

    2016-01-01

    In recent years,with the rise of ICT and the increasing pressure brought by higher upstream cost and inefficient downstream demand,to shorten circulation channel,reduce circulation links,reduce circulation cost,or extent to the field of service to pursue"the third profit source",manufacturing enterprises increasingly strengthen their power of control on channels, and directly establish the strategic alliance with the absence of intermediaries. To some extent,these measures will shrink the living space of traditional circulation enterprises and lead to the phenomenon of disintermediation. And the enterprises will transform from being comprehensive to being specialized,from independently owning the resources to sharing that,and from being rival to each other to cooperating with each other. To better cope with the trend of disintermediation,ZJMI Group integrates the role of wholesaler,logistic service provider,transaction interface,market explorer,and modular integration service provider and embeds the link of supply chain to successfully expand its business scope,form the customer-demand-oriented supply chain integrated service pattern,and establish its own competitiveness. The experience of ZJMI cannot only be learn by other bulk production material enterprises,but also provide other traditional circulation enterprises with important implications. To cope with impact brought by new technology,at the stage of transferring from old balance to new balance,circulation enterprises should reconsider their functional positioning,take the value of upstream and downstream customers as the target,fully give play to the role of information,logistic,and management technological fruits,make innovation in business pattern,rebuild the competitiveness,effectively reduce agent cost,promote the return of intermediaries,and promote the rapid development of service outsourcing industry.%近年来,随着网络通信技术的兴起,受上游成本高企与下游需求不足双重压力

  10. VA Enterprise Design Patters - 6.1 (Cloud Computing)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — Establishes guidelines for using an Enterprise Cloud Services Broker (ECSB) solution. An ECSB supports all Lines of Business (LOBs) and the Office of Information and...

  11. The Virtual Enterprise – Citizen of the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Davidescu (Vasile

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The Virtual Enterprise is a rather young and unclear concept in the business world. A virtual enterprise is a temporary network of companies that share their different resources in order to reach a given goal (the creation of a new product, or the entry on a new market and is a powerful tool in the hands of the business community. The question this article raises is whether European Union's businesses are able to take advantage of this opportunity within the European Union. We discuss several obstacles towards the creation of virtual enterprises: regulatory uncertainties, operational management that dismisses the advantage of an excellent infrastructure, the orientation of innovation creators towards theoretical research and the European business culture. The article also looks at research on the virtual enterprise in the European Union, the legal framework and technologies for virtualization.

  12. Why business models matter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magretta, Joan

    2002-05-01

    "Business model" was one of the great buzz-words of the Internet boom. A company didn't need a strategy, a special competence, or even any customers--all it needed was a Web-based business model that promised wild profits in some distant, ill-defined future. Many people--investors, entrepreneurs, and executives alike--fell for the fantasy and got burned. And as the inevitable counterreaction played out, the concept of the business model fell out of fashion nearly as quickly as the .com appendage itself. That's a shame. As Joan Magretta explains, a good business model remains essential to every successful organization, whether it's a new venture or an established player. To help managers apply the concept successfully, she defines what a business model is and how it complements a smart competitive strategy. Business models are, at heart, stories that explain how enterprises work. Like a good story, a robust business model contains precisely delineated characters, plausible motivations, and a plot that turns on an insight about value. It answers certain questions: Who is the customer? How do we make money? What underlying economic logic explains how we can deliver value to customers at an appropriate cost? Every viable organization is built on a sound business model, but a business model isn't a strategy, even though many people use the terms interchangeably. Business models describe, as a system, how the pieces of a business fit together. But they don't factor in one critical dimension of performance: competition. That's the job of strategy. Illustrated with examples from companies like American Express, EuroDisney, WalMart, and Dell Computer, this article clarifies the concepts of business models and strategy, which are fundamental to every company's performance.

  13. 发挥新闻宣传价值积聚企业发展正能量%Business Intercourse Enterprise Should Bring News Publicity Value into Play, Gather Development Positive Energy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈明芳

    2013-01-01

    Enterprise publicity is playing an increasingly important role to promote reform and development of an enterprise. In the current new situation, it is critical to elevate the value of enterprise publicity and enhance the effect of enterprise publicity, so as to infuse positive energy into enterprise development.%企业的新闻宣传工作对促进企业的改革和发展产生着越来越大的作用和影响,在当前新形势下,进一步发挥新闻宣传的价值,做好企业的新闻宣传工作,为企业发展注入正能量,有十分重要的意义。

  14. Exploring Enterprise, System of Systems, and System and Software Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-13

    might. • For example, software architects often lament the lateness with which they are brought into system engineering projects. • All of these...Enterprise architects compose holistic solutions that address the business challenges of the enterprise and support the governance needed to...network. • Today, Army systems are connected to inter-agency networks, and change management is even more critical. • Army enterprise architects must

  15. Defining Small and Medium Enterprises: a critical review

    OpenAIRE

    Gentrit Berisha; Justina Shiroka Pula

    2015-01-01

    The OECD estimates that small and medium enterprises account for 90% of firms and employ 63% of the workforce in the world (Munro: 2013). Small and medium enterprises account for that amount of businesses thatit is senseless the arbitrariness with which they are defined. Language mainly used for definition is numbers, but it is difficult to find two institutions, statistical agencies or countries who speak the same language in terms of small and medium enterprises. Academics, authors, policy ...

  16. “营改增”后施工企业财税工作关键环节的考虑%“To Replace Business Tax with Value-added Tax(VAT)” Key Link of Construction Enterprise Finance and Taxation Work Consideration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彩玲

    2015-01-01

    2015年起,建筑业将全面实施“营改增”。为了积极应对“营改增”带来的重大变化,建筑施工企业财税部门的两个关键环节——财务核算和纳税申报,应做好相应的准备工作和应对措施,确保“营改增”后增值税涉税业务的顺利完成。结合多年的工作经验,总结了“营改增”后企业会计核算和纳税申报工作中可能存在的问题,并提出了相关的应对建议,以期能对施工企业财税部门顺利应对“营改增”工作有所帮助。%Since 2015, the construction industry will be the full implementation of “to replace business tax with value-added tax(VAT)”. In order to actively respond to the “major changes to replace business tax with value-added tax(VAT)” brings, the two key links of the finance and taxation departments of Construction Enterprises -- the financial accounting and tax declaration, should do well the preparation work and corresponding measures, ensure “to replace business tax with value-added tax(VAT)” after the successful completion of the VAT tax business. Combined with years of work experience, summed up the “possible problems to replace business tax with value-added tax(VAT)” enterprise accounting and tax declaration, and put forward relevant suggestions, in order to successfully deal with the financial and taxation departments of construction enterprises “to replace business tax with value-added tax(VAT)” work.

  17. Enterprise Release Management Agile Delivery of a Strategic Change Portfolio

    CERN Document Server

    Taborda, Louis J

    2011-01-01

    An indispensable resource for business leaders, IT professionals and project managers working to effect positive change in their organizations, this innovative book presents a new paradigm for the management of evolving business and IT architectures. Enterprise release management takes a holistic view of change that offers a synthesis of traditional management approaches, including project and change management, enterprise architecture, and development practices like configuration and release management. Unlike many books that simply focus on portfolio planning, this practical reference establ

  18. A Framework for Identifying and Understanding Enterprise Systems Benefits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schubert, Petra; Williams, Susan P.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – Identifying the benefits arising from implementations of enterprise systems and realizing business value remains a significant challenge for both research and industry. This paper aims to consolidate previous work. It presents a framework for investigating enterprise systems benefits an...

  19. Enterprise Architecture-Based Risk and Security Modelling and Analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonkers, Henk; Quartel, Dick A.C.; Kordy, Barbara; Ekstedt, Mathias; Seong Kim, Deng

    2016-01-01

    The growing complexity of organizations and the increasing number of sophisticated cyber attacks asks for a systematic and integral approach to Enterprise Risk and Security Management (ERSM). As enterprise architecture offers the necessary integral perspective, including the business and IT aspects

  20. 76 FR 60351 - Minority Enterprise Development Week, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-28

    ..., including minority-owned enterprises, are where most new jobs begin. To recover from this economic crisis... the world has ever seen. These businesses create jobs and support our communities. As a Nation, we... Development Week, we honor minority enterprises as vital to our economic success, and recommit to...

  1. Outsourcing the Business Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan I. ANDONE

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The nowadays international market of outsourcing services is relatively mature and with age comes wisdom ... Thus, on a grown market, choosing to outsource services can not only be justified by the strive to reduce costs but it aims to meeting more advanced objectives as accurate alignment with business strategies of the enterprise. As a result, outsourcing has reached new forms of expression that can help the enterprises to gain competitive advantage. In the context of a grown market, a new concept appears, namely the multisourcing which it refers to the outsourcing model of the future [1] that businesses must prepare to accept and use. This concept or model of the future refers to working with several suppliers, which are competitors in a spirit of trust and teamwork, in a collaborative process to maximize the benefits associated with outsourcing process.

  2. 29 CFR 779.233 - Independent contractors performing work “for” an enterprise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Apply; Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779.233... section 3(r) has reference to an independent business which performs services for other businesses as an established part of its own business activities. The term “independent contractor” as used in 3(r) thus...

  3. Business models of heat entrepreneurship in Finland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okkonen, Lasse [North Karelia University of Applied Sciences, Yliopistokatu 6, FI-80100 Joensuu (Finland); Suhonen, Niko [University of Eastern Finland, Department of Law, P.O. Box 111, FI-80101 Joensuu (Finland)

    2010-07-15

    This paper presents the business models of small-scale heat energy production in Finland. Firstly, the development of heat entrepreneurship in the country is presented, including the remarkable growth of small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) in the last 15 years. Secondly, the concept of business model (business architecture of product/service flows and earning logics) is modified to the framework of wood heat production. The business model concept, and its sub-concepts, is applied in a brief review of current heat energy businesses in Finland. We arrive at a business model of heat entrepreneurships that are public companies/utilities, public-private partnerships, private companies and cooperatives, Energy Saving Company (ESCO), network model of large enterprise and franchising. Descriptive cases of these models are presented. Finally, the paper concludes with a discussion on the applicability of the business models in different operational environments and geographical contexts. (author)

  4. Corruption, the business environment, and small business growth in India

    OpenAIRE

    Honorati, Maddalena; Mengistae, Taye

    2007-01-01

    This paper estimates a dynamic business growth equation on a sample of small-scale manufacturers. The results suggest that excessive labor regulation, power shortages, and problems of access to finance are significant influences on industrial growth in India. The expected annual sales growth rate of an enterprise is lower where labor regulation is greater, power shortages are more severe, and cash flow constraints are stronger. The effects of each of the three factors on business growth seem ...

  5. Design and implementation of web server soft load balancing in small and medium-sized enterprise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Liu

    2011-12-01

    With the expansion of business scale, small and medium-sized enterprises began to use information platform to improve their management and competition ability, the server becomes the core factor which restricts the enterprise's infomationization construction. This paper puts forward a suitable design scheme for small and medium-sized enterprise web server soft load balancing, and proved it effective through experiment.

  6. An Overview of Enterprise Diagnosis Method%企业诊断方法概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄迎馨

    2001-01-01

    Enterprise diagnosis is an important part of competitive intelligence services. It' s an indispensable key link in the enterprise administration and business activities. As a method of researches on competitive intelligence, this article gives a brief description of the concept, purpose, mission and means of enterprise diagnosis.

  7. Increased use of Renewable Energy in Africa through a Program of Energy Enterprise Development and Investment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christine Eibs Singer

    2005-03-11

    To provide training in enterprise development and technical applications, local partner capacity building, individualized enterprise development services and seed capital investment to catalyze the creation of sustainable renewable energy enterprises that deliver clean energy services to households and businesses in South Africa, Ethiopia and Tanzania.

  8. DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION OF FIXED ASSETS IN FISCAL INSTITUTIONS AND COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. T. Trush

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The comparison of methods of extra charge of wear of the fixed assets in budgetary establishments and their amortization in business enterprises is conducted. The procedure of choice of amortization method for an object of the fixed assets in business enterprises is grounded.

  9. 13 CFR 108.710 - Requirement to finance Low-Income Enterprises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requirement to finance Low-Income... Eligibility of A Small Business for Nmvc Financing § 108.710 Requirement to finance Low-Income Enterprises. (a) Low-Income Enterprise Financings. At the close of each of your fiscal years— (1) At least 80...

  10. Enterprise Linked Data as Core Business Infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Steve; Ilube, Tom; Tuffield, Mischa

    This chapter describes Garlik's motivation, interest, and experiences of using Linked Data technologies in its online services. It describes the methodologies and approaches that were taken in order to deploy online services to hundreds of thousands of users, and describes the trade-offs inherent in our choice of these technologies for our production systems. In order to help illustrate and aid the arguments for the adoption of SemanticWeb technologies this chapter will focus on two of our customer facing products, DataPatrol, a consumer-centric personal information protection product, and QDOS a Linked Data service that is used to measure peoples' online activity

  11. Doing Business in Northeast China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Istarted doing business with people from Northeast China in 1991. At that time, some large state-owned enterprises there needed to import precision machinery equipment from our company. It was an easy place to do business before 1993, as the central government’s favorable policies for SOEs, such as allocating foreign currency and providing technology innovation loans, were an aspect of the then planned economy. At that time, our sales vol-

  12. Enterprise Systems in a Service Science Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, Anders G.

    By enterprise systems we here refer to large integrated standard application packages that fully cover the provision of information required in a company. They are made up of extensive administrative solutions for management accounting, human resource management, production, logistics and sales control. Most of the enterprise systems on the market have traditionally been designed with a focus on manufacturing companies, but during the past years the supply of various enterprise systems for service-oriented business organizations has gradually increased. This fact raises the issue to study enterprise systems from a service management perspective. Service science is an emerging discipline that studies value creation through services from technical, behavioural and social perspectives. Within service science it is therefore possible to use and apply a wide spectrum of engineering tools for development of business services in organizations. In this sense, enterprise systems represent an efficient tool for service innovations. The research interest in this chapter is focussed on how we can study enterprise systems in a service science context.

  13. IT人员业务能力与技术能力的互补性对企业竞争优势的影响%The Impact of the Complementarities between Business Skills and Technical Skills of IT Staff on Enterprise Competitive Advantage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海青; 田军

    2011-01-01

    Using resource-based view(RBV) of the firm as a theoretical foundation, we aim at finding out the impact of the complementarities between business skills and technical skills of IT staff on the firm's competitive advantage. Based on literature review, a concept model mapping the linkage of the capabilities and its complementarities of IT staff to the enterprise performance is set up. Through the survey of 300 Chinese companies, the statistics implies that the IT staff's technical skills and business skills both have significant positive correlation with the enterprise performance and the two capabilities are significantly complementary to each other. The technical skills distinguish IT staff from other business counterparts, and the business skills help IT staff understand how to utilize the strategic potential of IT to support and shape businesses. The research results indicate that the synergy between the two kinds of skills would further improve enterprise performance.%以资源基础观为理论指导,研究IT人员的技术能力与业务能力以及二者的协同效应对企业竞争优势的影响.在已有研究成果的基础上,构建了企业IT人员能力及其互补性与企业经营绩效关联的概念模型,通过对国内300家大中型企业的问卷调查和统计检验,验证企业IT人员的技术能力和业务能力与企业绩效都有着显著的正相关关系,而且这2种能力之间也存在较强的互补性.研究结论显示,技术能力是IT部门人员区别于其他部门的根本,业务能力使IT人员能够更好地理解企业业务,进而充分发挥IT系统的战略作用,产生的协同效应能够进一步提升企业的经营绩效.

  14. 商业模式创新中顾客价值主张影响因素的三棱锥模型--基于传统企业的多案例探索研究%Triangular Pyramid Model of Impact Factors on Customer Value Propositions in Business Model Innovation:Based on Multiple Cases of Traditional Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯雪飞; 董大海

    2015-01-01

    This paper selects five traditional enterprises which are carrying on business model innovation, discusses the impacts of the innovation culture, top managers push and drive market orientation on customer value proposi-tions in enterprise business model innovation with multiple case study method. It found that, innovation culture is the driving factor of forming customer value proposition in business model innovation. Top management promotes the realization of the business model innovation by emphasizing, actively participating and financial and resources supporting, which is the support condition of forming the customer value proposition. Enterprises drives market proactively through the active creation and potential demand finding of the customers, which is the key step of forming the customer value proposition. Based on the above studies, this paper puts forward the triangular pyra-mid model of impact factors on customer value proposition in business model innovation.%运用多案例研究方法,选取5家正在进行商业模式创新的企业案例,对创新文化、高层管理者推动和驱动市场导向如何影响企业商业模式创新中的顾客价值主张进行了深入探讨。研究表明,创新文化是企业商业模式创新中顾客价值主张形成的驱动因素;高层管理者通过强调、积极参与和资源资金支持推动企业商业模式创新的实现,是形成顾客价值主张的支撑条件;企业通过主动创造和发现顾客潜在需求从而驱动市场是形成顾客价值主张的关键步骤。基于上述研究发现,提出了企业商业模式创新中顾客价值主张影响因素的三棱锥模型。

  15. 价值网络视角下商业模式与企业绩效的关系研究:以服务业为例%Research on the Relationship Between Business Model and Enterprise Performance from the Perspective of Value Network:Take the Service Market for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娜

    2015-01-01

    Since the emergence of the phrase “business model”in the 1950s,theoretical cycle has done a lot of researches in this field and made fruitful achievement.Based on the review of relevant literatures at home and abroad published during 2001—2013,this paper analyzes the research status of the relationship between business model and enterprise performance,and gets the four main com-ponents of business model,based on this,a model framework of the research on the relationship between business models and enter-prise performance is constructed,and the relationship is described in detail by taking service sector as an example.%自20世纪50年代商业模式一词出现以来,理论界对该领域进行了大量的研究,并取得了丰硕的研究成果。本文在对2001—2013年发表的国内外相关文献进行回溯的基础上,分析了商业模式同企业绩效关系研究的现状,并得出了商业模式的四个主要构成要素,据此构建了商业模式与绩效关系研究的模型框架,并以服务业为例对两者之间的关系进行详细的分析。

  16. SURVEY ON THE DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND BUSINESS CONTINUITY OF COMPANIES BASED ON THE HEARING ETC. INVESTIGATION TO CRO IN THE GREAT EAST JAPAN EARTHQUAKE AND CONSIDERATION OF ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT IN FUTURE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiruma, Yoshiki; Noda, Kentaro

    In light of the recent disaster, a major theme for corporations is now how to go about disaster preparedness and business continuity undertakings. This survey examines the effectiveness of existing disaster preparedness and business continuity efforts, while also paying consideration to issues that must be overcome or improved in the future. This paper will present a path (requirements) for improving business continuity capacity, and endeavors to link that path to future assistance for recovery and business continuity for corporations by having the path utilized in developing various tools that ameliorate disaster preparedness and business continuity capacity.

  17. A Compass for Teaching Enterprise Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Terje

    2015-01-01

    A business school's study programme in general and the field of enterprise governance in particular can be characterised as a mosaic, that is, seemingly independent parts that, in the end, create a meaningful totality. Management accounting encompasses many topics and concepts and there seems to be an overwhelming supply of techniques. Sometimes,…

  18. Environmental reference of enterprises social responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagmara K. Zuzek

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents some considerations to take over the realm of entrepreneurial responsibility for the environment. It discusses the concept of ecological trends responsibility. Evidence indicates inclusion of small and medium-sized enterprises in the area of responsibility. Business responsibilities towards the environment as a basis for making voluntary commitments are presented.

  19. Problems of marketing in small innovative enterprises.

    OpenAIRE

    Sidorchuk, Roman

    2011-01-01

    Article is devoted to the continuation of the study hypotheses on the relationship between marketing and life cycle of a small business. Some results of studies of small innovative companies in the Russian Federation: Moscow and St. Petersburg, Moscow, Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Sverdlovsk, Tomsk, Chelyabinsk Region and the Krasnodar Territory. Some results of the analysis, showing the feature in the marketing of innovative enterprises.

  20. Social enterprise. The co-op conundrum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, Alexis

    2006-04-13

    Social enterprise has opponents at both ends of the political spectrum, viewing it as either having an unfair advantage or the first stage of privatising the NHS. Supporters say there is less bureaucracy and it will focus commissioners on getting better services. In future providers will need to improve their business and financial skills.

  1. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Economic Growth Region - Source: Department of Workforce Development, Published in unknown, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Indiana Business Research Center (IBRC), Indiana University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of unknown....

  2. Integration Between Enterprise Process Monitoring and Controlling System and Enterprise Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEN Bi-long; ZHANG Li; WANG Xiao-hua

    2005-01-01

    The relationships and the features of integration between Enterprise Process Monitoring and Controlling System (EPMCS) and Enterprise Process Related Applications (EPRA) were analyzed. An integration architecture centered on EPMCS was presented, in which there were four layers to connect from EPMCS to EPRA:EPMCS, application integration layer, transport layer and EPRA, and there were four layers used to etstablish integration: presentation layer, function layer, data layer and system layer. The frameworks to connect EPMCS and EPRA were designed, that Enterprise-Independent Model (EIM), Enterprise-Specific Model (ESM) and meta-model to describe these two models were defined. The method to integrate data based on XML was designed to exchange data from EPMCS to EPRA according to the mapping between EIM and ESM. The approches are suitable for integrating EPMCS and systems in Product Data Management (PDM), project management and enterprise business management.

  3. Taking the business continuity programme to a corporate leadership role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messer, Ira

    2009-11-01

    The paper discusses a process to raise the awareness and value of your continuity programme to higher levels by leveraging existing data. It gives examples of how to utilise the structure of the Business Impact Analysis tool to develop an enterprise level of information capture, and then utilise that data to generate an enterprise level 'group think' which results in incorporation of business continuity as a part of the business-as-usual model.

  4. Regulations on Administration of Registration of Resident Offices of Foreign Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ Chapter I General Provisions Article 1 The regulations shall be formulated for the purpose of regulating the establishment and business activities of resident offices of foreign enterprises. Article 2 Resident offices of foreign enterprise in the regulations (hereinafter referred to as representative office) refers to the working bodies established by foreign enterprises in accordance with the Regulations within China engaging in non-profit programs related to their own business and does not possess the status of a legal person.

  5. Is Enterprise Education Relevant to Social Enterprise?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridge, Simon

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Both enterprise education and social enterprise have become fashionable but what, if any, should be the connections between them? The purpose of this paper is to explore those connections and to reflect on what relevance the two concepts might have for each other. Design/methodology/approach: Both enterprise education and social…

  6. 外商投资合伙企业登记管理规定%Administrative Provisions on the Registration of Foreign-Funded Partnership Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Chapter Ⅰ General Provisions Article 1 For the purpose of regulating the establishment of partnership enterprises by foreign enterprises or individuals, facilitating foreign enterprises or individuals to invest in China in the form of partnership and expanding foreign economic cooperation and technical exchanges, the Provisions shall, pursuant to the Partnership Business Law of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as Partnership Business Law), the Administrative Measures for the Establishment of Partnership Enterprises within China by Foreign Enterprises or Individuals and the Administrative Measures for the Registration of Partnership Enterprises of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as Administrative Measures for the Registration of Partnership Enterprises), be formulated.

  7. Understanding the Rise of African Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jorem, Kaja Tvedten; Hansen, Michael Wendelboe; Jeppesen, Søren

    2014-01-01

    enterprises, observing that while much research is focusing on the role of the African business environments for enterprise development, much less attention has been devoted to the role of firm-specific capabilities, strategies and management. The paper concludes by advocating a contingency approach......Purpose: In light of recent enthusiasm over African private sector development, the purpose of this paper is to review the business literature on African enterprise development with a view of identifying lacunas in the literature and of developing an analytical framework that may guide future...... research on this issue. Design/methodology/approach: The paper provides a review of the extant literature on African enterprise development by juxtaposing the traditional pessimistic view of African business performance with more recent, optimistic accounts. Based on the literature review, lacunas...

  8. Designing normative open virtual enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Emilia; Giret, Adriana; Botti, Vicente

    2016-03-01

    There is an increasing interest on developing virtual enterprises in order to deal with the globalisation of the economy, the rapid growth of information technologies and the increase of competitiveness. In this paper we deal with the development of normative open virtual enterprises (NOVEs). They are systems with a global objective that are composed of a set of heterogeneous entities and enterprises that exchange services following a specific normative context. In order to analyse and design systems of this kind the multi-agent paradigm seems suitable because it offers a specific solution for supporting the social and contractual relationships between enterprises and for formalising their business processes. This paper presents how the Regulated Open Multi-agent systems (ROMAS) methodology, an agent-oriented software methodology, can be used to analyse and design NOVEs. ROMAS offers a complete development process that allows identifying and formalising of the structure of NOVEs, their normative context and the interactions among their members. The use of ROMAS is exemplified by means of a case study that represents an automotive supply chain.

  9. The Student Business Plan: Useful or Not?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Colin; Penaluna, Andy; Matlay, Harry; Penaluna, Kathryn

    2013-01-01

    This article offers a critical discussion of the role of the business plan in current enterprise educational practice. In addition to reviewing recent work that considers the "for" and "against" arguments about the use of business plans in higher education, the authors suggest that the context of student learning is largely…

  10. 29 CFR 541.101 - Business owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Business owner. 541.101 Section 541.101 Labor Regulations... Executive Employees § 541.101 Business owner. The term “employee employed in a bona fide executive capacity... equity interest in the enterprise in which the employee is employed, regardless of whether the...

  11. Assessing ability to execute in Virtual Enterprises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van den Berg, Roel; Tølle, Martin

    2001-01-01

    why expressive modeling is important in the assessment process, by introducing the underlying mechanisms of inter-subjective maintenance of mental models. Finally, the paper discusses the future of assessment and auditing services in the context of business-to-business e-commerce.......The state of the art in ICT enables integration beyond the application per se, but this requires assessment and reconciliation of business processes. This paper describes this challenge to true co-operation in a virtual enterprise, focusing on industries for one-of-a-kind production. It explains...

  12. A Fit-Gap Analysis of E-Business Curricula and Job Demand in Taiwan and the US

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Eldon Y.; Yen, H. J. Rebecca; Cheng, C. Y. John

    2008-01-01

    During the past decade, many enterprises have been re-directing their resources into critical business areas to keep up with economic and market changes. They have adopted electronic business (EB) systems, such as supply chain management, enterprise resource planning (ERP), and enterprise application integration (EAI), to ensure seamless…

  13. Technical Limits of ICT for Enterprises' Innovations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radim Brixi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with technical limits of ICT for enterprises' innovations. ICT is now a key asset for the competitiveness of enterprises. It became the main stream of doing business well. These days we come to era where enterprises are fully dependant on ICT. We would try to describe more deeply the impacts of such a dependence and underlying problems. In context of the necessary new innovations of enterprises, we will focus more on the negative aspects of being dependent on ICT with the technological architecture of hard systems. Based on the need to apply a systems approach we will also provide a suggestion as to how to model these limits in a system's manner.

  14. Enterprise Engineering and Management at the Crossroads

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernus, Peter; Goranson, Ted; Gøtze, John

    2015-01-01

    (EIS). The first challenge is to overcome the narrowness of scope of present practice in IS and EA, and re-gain the coverage of the entire business on all levels of management, and a holistic and systemic coverage of the enterprise as an economic entity in its social and ecological environment......The article provides an overview of the challenges and the state of the art of the discipline of Enterprise Architecture (EA), with emphasis on the challenges and future development opportunities of the underlying Information System (IS), and its IT implementation, the Enterprise Information System....... The second challenge is how to face the problems caused by complexity that limit the controllability and manageability of the enterprise as a system. The third challenge is connected with the complexity problem, and describes fundamental issues of sustainability and viability. Following from the third...

  15. Risk Sharing among Construction Enterprises for Material Purchasing under the"to Replace the Business Tax with a Value-added Tax"%“营改增”建筑企业间对材料采购的风险分担

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭文嘉; 陈洋俊; 谢洪涛

    2016-01-01

    The"to replace the business tax with a value-added tax"is a major reform of the tax system for the national implementation of structural tax cuts, which has promotes changes of tax system reform in the construction enterprises. Construction enterprises should see input tax in the material purchase and at the same time also need to see the risks, in order to achieve reasonable risk share among enterprises and obtain the maximum tax return.%“营改增”是国家实施结构性减税的一项重大的税制改革,推动整个建筑业企业税制的改革变化。建筑企业在看到采购材料获得进项税额的同时,也需要看到存在的风险问题,实现企业间合理的风险分担,获得最大的税差收益。

  16. The Incentive Methods and Improvements on the Participation of Industries and Enterprises in Higher Vocational Colleges of Arts and Business%行业企业参与经济文科类高等职业教育的激励方法与改进意见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉祥谦; 孙东亮; 杨永健; 孟祥苓; 孙为民; 崔真真

    2012-01-01

    文章从政府主导作用、相关政策法律跟进、机构统筹领导、合作的奖励方式、职业培训的分工与协作、实习安全保障、校企互评制度七个方面,对行业企业参与经济文科类高等职业教育的问题进行了分析探讨。特别是在如何形成校企合作机制的关节点上,归总了现有做法和经验,也阐述了具体的设想与改进意见。%From seven aspects of the leading role of the government,i, e. the relevant policies and laws, the overall leadership of the institutions, the cooperative incentives, the division and coordination of vocational training, the safety and security of internship and the system school - enterprise mutual e- valuation, problems reflected during the participation of industries and enterprises in higher vocational education in arts and business colleges are analyzed and discussed. The paper, in particular, summarizes the existing practice and experience about how to form school - enterprise cooperation mechanisms and e- laborates the specific ideas and improvements.

  17. Studies on Course construction of International Business Correspondence and Documents under the Background of School-enterprise Cooperation%校企合作背景下《外贸函电与单证》课程建设探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭静; 王志娟

    2015-01-01

    International Business Correspondence and Documents is a course which needs many kinds of practical skills. Cultivation mode of School-Enterprise Cooperation is closely related to the course construction of International Business Correspondence and Documents. The important parts of the course construction frame under the background of School-enterprise Cooperation are the textbook construction, construction of course practical parts and experiment and internship sites and construction of teaching staff.%《外贸函电与单证》是一门实践性相当强的课程.校企合作培养模式与《外贸函电与单证》课程建设的关系密不可分.而校企合作背景下《外贸函电与单证》课程的教材建设、课程实践环节与实验、实习基地建设,师资队伍建设是该课程建设框架的重要组成部分.

  18. Discussion on how to deal with the condition of“to replace the business tax with a valued-added tax”for financial accounts of construction enterprises%谈施工企业财务会计如何应对“营改增”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彩玲

    2014-01-01

    Through analyzing current“to replace the business tax with a valued-added tax”tend,the paper explores the change of financial af-fairs of construction enterprises,and illustrates the tax rate,income and tax confirmation and application materials and so on,and shows meas-ures of applying“to replace the business tax with a valued-added tax”system for construction enterprise finance accounts.%通过分析当前“营改增”的形势,探讨了“营改增”带给施工企业财务会计工作的变化,并从税率、收入和税负确认、申报资料等方面进行了说明,同时给出了施工企业财务会计应用“营改增”税制的措施。

  19. Technological Innovation Model,Resource Integration and Business Performance-Evidence Provided by Agricultural Science and Technology Enterprises%技术创新模式、资源整合与企业绩效:以农业科技企业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚琼; 许美思; 张泳

    2015-01-01

    Technological innovation is the key to the sustained and healthy development of agricultural science and technol-ogy enterprises. Integrating resources effectively under different innovation models contributes to improving innovation per-formance. This study explores the effect of technological innovation model on the relationship between resource integration and business performance in the context of agricultural science and technology enterprises. The first-hand information by investigation on 31 4 agricultural science and technology enterprises was used as the data sources. The results show that in-ternal resource integration produces an obvious positive effect on business performance,but the effect of technological inno-vation model is different. Compared with cooperative innovation model,the influences of resource integration on business performance are more significant under independent innovation and imitative innovation model. The conclusions can provide important practical implications for agricultural science and technology enterprises.%技术创新是农业科技企业持续、健康发展的关键,不同创新模式下有效地进行资源整合有助于提高创新绩效。探究农业科技企业背景下技术创新模式对资源整合和企业绩效关系的影响。利用314家农业科技企业的一手数据进行实证研究,研究结果显示内部资源整合对企业绩效有显著的正效应,但是不同技术创新模式的影响有所差异。与合作创新模式相比,自主创新模式和模仿创新模式下资源整合对企业绩效的影响更为显著。研究结论对指导农业科技企业技术创新有重要的实践意义。

  20. Construction of Strategic Platforms for Information Resources Sharing in the Development of Enterprise Business%企业业务拓展中信息资源共享战略平台构建——以物流企业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永平; 冯燕芳

    2012-01-01

    在知识经济及信息化时代,企业需要特别重视信息资源的获取与利用,强化信息资源的共享。面对复杂多变的市场环境和客户需求,信息化要求尤为迫切和突出,企业需要不断创新经营思路,构建战略平台,强化内外部信息资源的整合与共享,拓展其业务领域,以满足市场及客户日益提高的需求。对于物流企业而言,需要突破个体资源瓶颈束缚,树立拓展思维观念,提高服务能力和水平。强化信息资源在物流企业经营中的作用,及时了解和把握市场需求,不断提升其市场竞争力,获得经济效益和社会效益的提升,进而促进现代企业的信息化建设。%In the times of knowledge economy and informationization,the enterprises need to attach special importance to the acquisition and utilization of information resources,and strengthen information resources sharing.Confronted with the complicated and changeable market environment and consumer demand,the need for informationization is specially urgent and prominent.The enterprises need to innovate management ideas,construct strategic platforms,intensify internal and external information resources integration and sharing,and expand business scope so as to meet the daily increasing demand of the market and the consumers.For the logistics enterprises,they need to break the bottlenecks of individual resources,foster development thinking and ideas,and increase the service capacity and level.Strengthen the role of information resources in the business of logistics enterprises,understand and grasp market demand in time,increase their market competence constantly,and improve the economic benefit and social benefit so as to promote the informationization construction of modern enterprises.

  1. Service-based flexible workflow system for virtual enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Shao-fei

    2008-01-01

    Using the services provided by virtual enterprises, we presented a solution to implement flexible inter-enterprise workflow management. Services were the responses of events that can be accessed programmatically on the Internet by HTTP protocol. Services were obtained according to some standardized service templates. The workflow engine's flexible control to a request was bound to appropriate services and their providers by using a constraint-based, dynamic binding mechanism. Hence, a flexible and collaborative business was achieved. The workflow management system supports virtual enterprise, and the styles of virtual enterprises can be adjusted readily to adapt various situations.

  2. Approach to Enterprise Application Integration with Web Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林春梅; 金鑫; 何跃; 陈家训

    2004-01-01

    Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) would be linking diverse systems and applications across the enterprise to enable the enterprise IT systems to adapt to the dynamic business environment and automate any business practices.Whereas, with traditional EAI solution, it is difficult to efficiently link the different proprietary applications and data sources, and difficult to enable the system to rapidly identify and respond to changes in the dynamic business environment. In order to solve these problems, this paper uses the Web Services technology for EAI. This paper discusses the traditional EAI technologies and the bottlenecks for applications integration, also elaborates the Web Services technology and the advantages suited for applications integration. Therefore, the model of EAI with Web Services (EAIWS) is proposed to efficiently implement the integration of diverse applications and systems within or between the enterprises. With EAIWS, this paper provides an example to show how the application system works. This paper also discusses the advantages of EAIWS.

  3. Factors Affecting Information Security Focused on SME and Agricultural Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Progress in the field of information and communication technology is a source of advantage that improves quality of business services; increases productivity levels and brings competitive advantage to enterprises and organisations related to agricultural production. However, the use of information and communication technology (ICT is connected with information security risks that threaten business continuity and information assets. The ICT in small and medium-sized enterprises (SME and agricultural enterprises is the source of several advantages as well as the risks resulting from information security violation and security incidents. This paper aims at the current situation of information security in SME and agricultural enterprises. Furthermore, the paper provides results of a survey focusing on identification and evaluation of the effects of internal and external factors affecting existence of risks in information security in Slovak SME and agricultural enterprises. Until now, there had not been a similar survey carried out.

  4. ENTERPRISE INTEGRATION PLATFORM BASED ON SERVICE- ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENG Xiaojun; ZHANG Xu; NING Ruxin; SONG Yu

    2008-01-01

    To achieve information integration, process integration and application integration of enterprise, an enterprise integration platform (EIP) based on service-oriented architecture (SOA) is built. The enterprise integration model depending on encapsulating the business processes as well as the enterprise applications by the neutral and standard web services is presented. The problem how to discover the existed enterprise resources and share them was resolved depending on the mechanism of publishing and discovering the services. The EIP is integrated closely with product lifecycle management (PLM) system so that the process integration as well as orchestration of the business process services is implemented by encapsulating the workflow engine of PLM system. Not only process integration and application integration, but also information integration based on the bill of material (BOM) conversion driven by process are achieved. Finally, an interpretive, qualitative case study on EIP is conducted for this research.

  5. Business model and Intellectual Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Saghaug, Kristin Margrethe

    2012-01-01

    When practicing business model (BM) innovation releasing intellectual capital (IC) strategically from SME´s BMs through the innovation process can be extremely difficult and complex to carry out especially to small and medium size enterprises (SME). There are so many opportunities and resources...... in SME´s Intellectual Capital – but how to release them?...

  6. Open Learning within Growing Businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klofsten, Magnus; Jones-Evans, Dylan

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Understanding the factors behind successful enterprise policy interventions are critical in ensuring effective programme development. The aim of this paper is to analyse an academic-industry initiative in Sweden developed to support knowledge-intensive businesses in expanding their operations. Design/methodology/approach: This paper…

  7. Business ethics

    OpenAIRE

    Duong, Thi

    2002-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to present examples of business ethics issues. What is business ethics, things concerned in this field are and why it is needed and important when doing business? The concept of business ethics has connotations to provision, rules and standards in directing the behavior of actors in the business. Business ethics involves compliance with the law, the implementation of ethical responsibilities of a business, the protection of the rights of those who are related to the ...

  8. Platform for Assessing Strategic Alignment Using Enterprise Architecture: Application to E-Government Process Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Kaoutar Elhari; Bouchaib Bounabat

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of S2AEA (v2) (Strategic Alignment Assessment based on Enterprise Architecture (version2)), a platform for modelling enterprise architecture and for assessing strategic alignment based on internal enterprise architecture metrics. The idea of the platform is based on the fact that enterprise architecture provides a structure for business processes and information systems that supports them. This structure can be used to measure the degree of consistency between ...

  9. Study on the control mechanism of China aerospace enterprises' binary multinational operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Jian; Li Hanling; Wu Weiwei

    2008-01-01

    China's aerospace enterprises carry on the multinational operation and participate in the international competition and the international division of labor and cooperation positively.This article first analyzs China aerospace enterprises' binary multinational business control objective and constructes its model.Then the article analyzes the tangible and intangible control mechanism of China aerospace enterprises' binary multinational operation respectively.Finally,the article constructs the model of China aerospace enterprises' binary multinational operation mechanisms.

  10. A Business-to-Business Interoperability Testbed: An Overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kulvatunyou, Boonserm [ORNL; Ivezic, Nenad [ORNL; Monica, Martin [Sun Microsystems, Inc.; Jones, Albert [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

    2003-10-01

    In this paper, we describe a business-to-business (B2B) testbed co-sponsored by the Open Applications Group, Inc. (OAGI) and the National Institute of Standard and Technology (NIST) to advance enterprise e-commerce standards. We describe the business and technical objectives and initial activities within the B2B Testbed. We summarize our initial lessons learned to form the requirements that drive the next generation testbed development. We also give an overview of a promising testing framework architecture in which to drive the testbed developments. We outline the future plans for the testbed development.

  11. Information Systems for Enterprise Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oswaldo Moscoso Zea

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available (Received: 2014/02/14 - Accepted: 2014/03/25Enterprise Architecture (EA has emerged as one of the most important topics to consider in Information System studies and has grown to become an essential business management activity to visualize and evaluate the future direction of a company. Nowadays in the market there are several software tools that support Enterprise Architects to work with EA. In order to decrease the risk of purchasing software tools that do not fulfill stakeholder´s needs is important to assess the software before making an investment. In this paper a literature review of the state of the art of EA will be done. Furthermore evaluation initiatives and existing information systems are analyzed which can support decision makers in the appropriate software tools for their companies.

  12. Engineering and enterprise inspiring innovation

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Ailin

    2016-01-01

    This book presents contributions from researchers, practitioners and professional institutions that published papers in the Proceedings of the Educating Enterprising Engineers and Scientists conference, held in London, UK on 17th June 2015. The topics considered range from educating engineers to giving a business edge and embedding entrepreneurship to achieve integrated education and curriculum innovation.   Making an important contribution to the development and delivery of engineering education now and further into the future, this collection of papers shares knowledge and good practice in key ways to educate enterprising engineers and scientists looking to address complex global issues such as health & well-being, water, energy and food. Seeking ways to redefine and embrace sustainable development, this work puts forward the case for innovative science and engineering education to meet the demand for talent and leadership.

  13. Enterprise architecture patterns practical solutions for recurring IT-architecture problems

    CERN Document Server

    Perroud, Thierry

    2013-01-01

    Every enterprise architect faces similar problems when designing and governing the enterprise architecture of a medium to large enterprise. Design patterns are a well-established concept in software engineering, used to define universally applicable solution schemes. By applying this approach to enterprise architectures, recurring problems in the design and implementation of enterprise architectures can be solved over all layers, from the business layer to the application and data layer down to the technology layer.Inversini and Perroud describe patterns at the level of enterprise architecture

  14. Study on Collaborative SCM of Construction Enterprises Based on Information-Sharing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lianyue

    Economic globalization and the integration process has led to competition among construction enterprises become increasingly fierce, which are adjusting their development strategies and efforts to seek for the knowledge economy and network environment to promote enterprise survival and development, enhancing the competitiveness of enterprises in the new business management models and ideas. This paper first discussed the concept of the supply chain collaboration of the construction enterprise and constituted a information management platform of the general contracting project. At last, the paper puts forward tactics which aims at helping construction enterprises realize supply chain collaboration and enhance the competitiveness of enterprises.

  15. Modelling Enterprises with Object—Oriented Paradigm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾君忠

    1993-01-01

    Modeling enterprises include two essential tasks:data modelling for static properties and behaviours modelling for dynamic properties.Traditionally,th data modelling and behaviours modelling are separated in different phases and also in different description forms,e.g.the former is modelled in entity-relationship diagrams(ERDs),and the latter is modelled in data flow diagrams (DFDs)[4],The separation coul result in an incorrect description of the relaitonships between data and behaviours.so that th enterprise model couldn't reflect the actual conditions and demands of the enterprise.In this paper an object-oriented approach integrating data with behaviours in a model for the Enterprises Management Information Systems(in short,EMISs)is proposed.As an isomorphic mapping of enterprises an object-oriented model can,in a natural from,exactly describe the dynamic and static properties of enterprises in an integrated model.Therefore it can be easily used by the end-users(e.g.the experts in accounting,financial reporting,and business managers)to specify their demands and communicate with the system analysts and designers.Based on the model an EMIS can be prototyped quickly,and then be conveniently evolved with inheritance mechanism to an adaptive application system according to the actual demands of the enterprise.

  16. Mobile Web - Strategy for Enterprise Success

    CERN Document Server

    Maan, Jitendra

    2012-01-01

    Today, enterprises are faced with increased global competition in an environment where customers are demanding faster delivery, better service and also want to gain significant and immediate business value by increasing productivity and reducing operational cost. Spurred by unprecedented customer demand, each Industry cluster has developed its own source of comparative advantage. Even within a single organization, the business value chain is geographically fragmented. Such diversification and fragmentation of value chain drives the need for cross-platform Web applications over mobile channel. Mobile Web is the next logical transition in this evolutionary process and Mobile Web applications will continue to gain more prominence in the enterprises not just to improve the return on investment in their existing system landscape, but also to expand global reach and improve operational efficiency of their mobile workforce. This paper outlines the critical business needs to rapidly create flexible Mobile web solutio...

  17. Global Cities and Multinational Enterprise Location Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goerzen, Anthony; Geisler Asmussen, Christian; Nielsen, Bo Bernhard

    2013-01-01

    We combine the concept of location derived by economic geographers with theories of the multinational enterprise (MNE) and the liability of foreignness developed by international business scholars, to examine the factors that propel MNEs toward, or away from, “global cities”. We argue that three ...... the heterogeneous strategies and capabilities of MNEs – the primary agents of economic globalization – that shape the nature of global cities.......We combine the concept of location derived by economic geographers with theories of the multinational enterprise (MNE) and the liability of foreignness developed by international business scholars, to examine the factors that propel MNEs toward, or away from, “global cities”. We argue that three...... distinctive characteristics of global cities – global interconnectedness, cosmopolitanism, and abundance of advanced producer services – help MNEs overcome the costs of doing business abroad, and we identify the contingencies under which these characteristics combine with firm attributes to exert...

  18. An Extended Enterprise Modeling Approach to Enterprise-based Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The paradigm of extended enterprise is the core competency focused. An extended enterprise expands its scope from bounding a single enterprise to including additional processes performed by other enterprises. The integration of processes is enterprise based. This paper proposes a recursive enterprises interconnected chain model for the extended enterprise, and presents an enterprise-based integration framework for the extended enterprise. The case study is based on a motorcycle group corporation.

  19. Mediating Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    "Mediating Business" is a study of the expansion of business journalism. Building on evidence from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, "Mediating Business" is a comparative and multidisciplinary study of one of the major transformations of the mass media and the realm of business - nationally...... and globally. The book explores the history of key innovations and innovators in the business press. It analyzes changes in the discourse of business journalism associated with the growth in business news and the development of new ways of framing business issues and events. Finally, it examines...... the organizational implications of the increased media visibility of business and, in particular, the development of corporate governance and media relations....

  20. Beyond Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP): The Next Generation Enterprise Resource Planning Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    Potential alternatives include: − Business Process Modeling/Management (BPM) solutions—BPM and BPM Notation ( BPMN ) based solutions allow for the...to extract business logic into open formats such as BPMN into ERP systems or alternative platforms. Risk (C/P): Systems have increasing...such as BPMN ) and move them into modern applications and platforms. Figure 2. Risks and Issues with Legacy Systems in an Enterprise Resource

  1. 后金融危机背景下泉州中小服装企业跨境电商发展对策研究%The Cross-border Electronic Business Development Countermeasure Research of Small and Medium-sized Clothing Enterprises in Quan Zhou under the Background of Post Financial Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程春

    2015-01-01

    The small and medium-sized clothing enterprises in Quan Zhou mainly make foreign trade processing.In the post economic crisis era,the small and medium-sized clothing enterprises face many difficulties.The booming of global cross-border electricity can provide a solution idea for the small and medium-sized clothing enterprises to lower the cost,reduce the trade friction and enhance the international reputation.This paper aims at the current problem of small and medium-sized clothing enterprises in the cross-border electrical business;it provides the solution for enterprises and government.On the enterprises part:they need to cultivate and attract talents,enhance the level of marketing,strengthen product innovation,create international brand,establish and maintain good reputation in companies and products. On the government part:they need to improve the laws and regulations of cross-border electricity,create electricity industrial park,promote the development of cross-border electricity agglomeration and strengthen cross-border electricity for the construction of logistics infrastructure.%泉州中小服装企业以外贸加工为主,在后金融危机时代,泉州中小服装企业面临发展中的诸多困境。跨境电商在全球的蓬勃兴起,为泉州中小服装企业降低成本、减少贸易摩擦和提升国际知名度提供了解决思路。文章针对泉州中小服装企业在进行跨境电商中存在的问题,提出企业方面需要培养和吸引跨境电商所需人才、提升营销水平、加强产品的创新、创立国际品牌、建立和维护好企业和产品的信誉;政府方面需要进一步完善跨境电商的法律法规、打造电商产业园、促进跨境电商集聚发展和加强跨境电商物流基础设施的建设等建议。

  2. Comparison of Entrepreneurship Environment for Executives between State-owned and Private Enterprises in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min Zhu; Robert C. Camp; Maali Ashamalla; Raj Garg

    2007-01-01

    This research aims at exploring the differences in the effects of environment on entrepreneurship growth between state-owned enterprises and private businesses. Through executive investigation, reasons are provided for better performance of private businesses.Environmental factors, including economic, legal, technological, cultural andsocial factors,which influence entrepreneurship growth, are examined to determine differences between state-owned enterprise and private business executives. It is found that the methods of executive assignment to managerial posts determine executives' effort towards entrepreneurship.

  3. Characteristics of In-Memory Business Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela-Laura IVAN

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Business Intelligence (BI is an important key in the initiatives of many organizations. BI has developed over the years and the most businesses need to take it to the next level of maturity and improvement can be enabled by SAP HANA. In this paper I presented the evolution of Business Intelligence industry, what others capabilities enterprises still seek and how Business Warehouse on SAP Hana enable these needs. Also, the paper highlights that In-memory Business Intelligence is powerful than data warehouse and Online Analytical Processing projects.

  4. Web Services-Enhanced Agile Modeling and Integrating Business Processes

    CERN Document Server

    Belouadha, Fatima-Zahra; Roudiès, Ounsa

    2012-01-01

    In a global business context with continuous changes, the enterprises have to enhance their operational efficiency, to react more quickly, to ensure the flexibility of their business processes, and to build new collaboration pathways with external partners. To achieve this goal, they must use e-business methods, mechanisms and techniques while capitalizing on the potential of new information and communication technologies. In this context, we propose a standards, model and Web services-based approach for modeling and integrating agile enterprise business processes. The purpose is to benefit from Web services characteristics to enhance the processes design and realize their dynamic integration. The choice of focusing on Web services is essentially justified by their broad adoption by enterprises as well as their capability to warranty interoperability between both intra and inter-enterprises systems. Thereby, we propose in this chapter a metamodel for describing business processes, and discuss their dynamic in...

  5. A Business Educator's Guide to Transitioning to a Digital Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Scott D.; Rains, Russell E.; Perry, Gregory E.

    2012-01-01

    The authors, representing three key digital media business disciplines, present a case for how business curriculum could be updated to include a strong digital element without recreating the entire business school enterprise or spending millions on new faculty and technology. The three key disciplines are technology, law, and marketing.

  6. 中外家族企业接班人选择标准比较——基于常州的调研分析%The Comparision of Successor's Selection Criteria Between Chinese and Foreign Family Business Enterprises --Based on the Survey of Changzhou Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红

    2011-01-01

    基于对常州家族企业的调研分析认为,尽管中外家族企业在接班人选择标准上有许多共性特点,但由于他们所依据的理论基石不同、价值取向不同以及社会文化背景的不同,二者存在着较大的差异。分析、比较中外家族企业接班人选择标准的异同,将有助于有选择地学习、借鉴国外家族企业接班人选择上的成功经验和教训,更好地创设符合中国国情的家族企业接班人选择标准。%Through the survey of family business enterprises in Changzhou area, we conclude that there are many common features in the successor's selection criteria between Chinese and foreign family business enterprises, but there also exist large differences between them owning to the different theoretical comerstone, value orientation and social cultural background. To analyze and compare the similarities and differences of the successor's selection criteria between Chinese and foreign family business can help us learn successful experiences and lessons and create our own selection criteria in conformity with China's conditions.

  7. Enterprise JavaBeans 31

    CERN Document Server

    Rubinger, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    Learn how to code, package, deploy, and test functional Enterprise JavaBeans with the latest edition of this bestselling guide. Written by the developers of JBoss EJB 3.1, this book not only brings you up to speed on each component type and container service in this implementation, it also provides a workbook with several hands-on examples to help you gain immediate experience with these components. With version 3.1, EJB's server-side component model for building distributed business applications is simpler than ever. But it's still a complex technology that requires study and lots of practi

  8. Virtual corporations, enterprise and organisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen RÃDUT

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Virtual organisation is a strategic paradigm that is centred on the use of information and ICT to create value. Virtual organisation is presented as a metamanagement strategy that has application in all value oriented organisations. Within the concept of Virtual organisation, the business model is an ICT based construct that bridges and integrates enterprise strategic and operational concerns. Firms try to ameliorate the impacts of risk and product complexity by forming alliances and partnerships with others to spread the risk of new products and new ventures and to increase organisational competence. The result is a networked virtual organization.

  9. Enterprising nonprofits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dees, J G

    1998-01-01

    Faced with rising costs, more competition for fewer donations and grants, and increased rivalry from for-profit companies entering the social sector, nonprofits are turning to the commercial arena to leverage or replace their traditional sources of funding. The drive to become more businesslike, however, holds many dangers for nonprofits. In the best of circumstances, nonprofits face operational and cultural challenges in the pursuit of commercial funding. In the worst, commercial operations can undercut an organization's social mission. To explore the new possibilities of commercialization and to avoid its perils, nonprofit leaders need to craft their strategies carefully. A framework-what the author calls the social enterprise spectrum--can help such leaders understand and assess their options. Nonprofits first must identify potential sources of earned income; then they should set clear and realistic financial objectives. Commercial programs don't need to be profitable to be worthwhile. They can instead improve the efficiency and the effectiveness of organizations by reducing the need for donated funds; by providing a more reliable, diversified funding base; and by enhancing the quality of programs by instilling market discipline. In the end, commercial operations will not--and should not--drive out philanthropic initiatives. But thoughtful innovation in the social sector is essential if organizations are to leverage limited philanthropic resources.

  10. Enterprise Architecture in the Company Management Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojinov Bojidar Violinov

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to explore the role and importance of the concept of enterprise architecture in modern company management. For this purpose it clarifies the nature, scope, components of the enterprise architecture and relationships within it using the Zachman model. Based on the critical analysis of works by leading scientists, there presented a definition of enterprise architecture as a general description of all elements of strategic management of the company combined with description of its organizational, functional and operational structure, including the relationship between all tangible and intangible resources essential for its normal functioning and development. This in turn enables IT enterprise architecture to be defined as a set of corporate IT resources (hardware, software and technology, their interconnection and integration within the overall architecture of the company, as well as their formal description, methods and tools for their modeling and management in order to achieve strategic business goals of the organization. In conclusion the article summarizes the significance and role of enterprise architecture for strategic management of the company in today’s digital economy. The study underlines the importance of an integrated multidisciplinary approach to the work of a contemporary company, and the need for adequate matching and alignment of IT with business priorities and objectives of the company.

  11. Process and data fragmentation-oriented enterprise network integration with collaboration modelling and collaboration agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qing; Wang, Ze-yuan; Cao, Zhi-chao; Du, Rui-yang; Luo, Hao

    2015-08-01

    With the process of globalisation and the development of management models and information technology, enterprise cooperation and collaboration has developed from intra-enterprise integration, outsourcing and inter-enterprise integration, and supply chain management, to virtual enterprises and enterprise networks. Some midfielder enterprises begin to serve for different supply chains. Therefore, they combine related supply chains into a complex enterprise network. The main challenges for enterprise network's integration and collaboration are business process and data fragmentation beyond organisational boundaries. This paper reviews the requirements of enterprise network's integration and collaboration, as well as the development of new information technologies. Based on service-oriented architecture (SOA), collaboration modelling and collaboration agents are introduced to solve problems of collaborative management for service convergence under the condition of process and data fragmentation. A model-driven methodology is developed to design and deploy the integrating framework. An industrial experiment is designed and implemented to illustrate the usage of developed technologies in this paper.

  12. Social Business Transformation through Gamification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jitendra Maan

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Being an emerging business practice, gamification is going to the mainstream to enable and transform socialbusiness initiatives across enterprises. With the consistent focus on customer behavior and experience,there is a paradigm shift in thinking about how Gamification and Social initiatives together help to increasethe engagement level of knowledge worker, yielding better business results. Business scenarios for gamificationare wide spread ranging from customer service and support to communities and collaboration.The Paper discusses the characteristics & mechanism to learn from games that are important for businessesto understand and apply. It also gives insights on gamification trends, real-world business challenges andalso describes on how game thinking can revolutionize the business and create an engaging experience.

  13. Fostering Enterprise Architecture Education and Training with the Enterprise Architecture Competence Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tambouris, Efthimios; Zotou, Maria; Kalampokis, Evangelos; Tarabanis, Konstantinos

    2012-01-01

    Enterprise architecture (EA) implementation refers to a set of activities ultimately aiming to align business objectives with information technology infrastructure in an organization. EA implementation is a multidisciplinary, complicated and endless process, hence, calls for adequate education and training programs that will build highly skilled…

  14. CRM System Implementation in a Multinational Enterprise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Alok; Mishra, Deepti

    The concept of customer relationship management (CRM) resonates with managers in today's competitive economy. As more and more organizations realize the significance of becoming customer-centric in today's competitive era, they embrace CRM as a core business strategy. CRM an integration of information technology and relationship marketing provides the infrastructure that facilitates long-term relationship building with customers at an enterprise-wide level. Successful CRM implementation is a complex, expensive and rarely technical projects. This paper presents the successful implementation of CRM in a multinational organization. This study will facilitate in understanding transition, constraints and implementation of CRM in multinational enterprises.

  15. European Level Test of Romanian Enterprise Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niculae Feleaga

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available The corporate governance is a central and dynamic aspect of the businesses. The term governance comes from the latin “gubernare”, meaning to guide and supposes that the corporate governance imply equally both the leadership function and that of control. As is known there are more ways of defining the enterprise governance starting from the simple stones, which focus on the enterprise and its shareholders, to the most complex ones incorporating individual or departamental responsability to implement a given function of the companies and which implies many other groups of persons. Responsability is the consequence of the law and reglementation application or contract agreements.

  16. European Level Test of Romanian Enterprise Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niculae Feleaga

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The corporate governance is a central and dynamic aspect of the businesses. The term governance comes from the latin “gubernare”, meaning to guide and supposes that the corporate governance imply equally both the leadership function and that of control. As is known there are more ways of defining the enterprise governance starting from the simple stones, which focus on the enterprise and its shareholders, to the most complex ones incorporating individual or departamental responsability to implement a given function of the companies and which implies many other groups of persons. Responsability is the consequence of the law and reglementation application or contract agreements.

  17. From Business Administration to Business Creation: The Case of the Kalevala Global Business Creation School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko Seppä

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Are there any businesses left to administer? The question is of course rhetorical and aimed at underscoring how several societies are more severely in need of creators of new businesses than managers of established ones. And yet, nearly all universities only produce masters of business administration, at best. Apart from theoretical research about business creation, and the education of masters of such research, universities are generally not equipped to produce knowledge for business creation or to produce masters of business creation. This conceptual article calls for a new, complementary approach to research and education, around the theme of global business creation. Due to the limitations and restrictions related to the traditions and practices of the science of business administration, where the means justify the ends, a new exploratory field coined as the “Art of Business Creation,” where the end justifies the means, is being explored for some inspiration. For a concrete solution, the concept of a globally distributed, enterprise-centric, entrepreneurial-faculty-driven, open-innovation-based, and social-media-empowered university entity is depicted in this article. It is a new-generation private-public-partnership and “Living Lab 2.0” referred to as Kalevala Global Business Creation School. The conceptualization draws from observations and action research during the Global Venture Lab Finland experiment at the University of Jyväskylä from 2007 to 2011.

  18. Modeling business processes: theoretical and practical aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.V. Dubininа

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The essence of process-oriented enterprise management has been examined in the article. The content and types of information technology have been analyzed in the article, due to the complexity and differentiation of existing methods, as well as the specificity of language, terminology of the enterprise business processes modeling. The theoretical aspects of business processes modeling have been reviewed and the modern traditional modeling techniques received practical application in the visualization model of retailers activity have been studied in the article. In the process of theoretical analysis of the modeling methods found that UFO-toolkit method that has been developed by Ukrainian scientists due to it systemology integrated opportunities, is the most suitable for structural and object analysis of retailers business processes. It was designed visualized simulation model of the business process "sales" as is" of retailers using a combination UFO-elements with the aim of the further practical formalization and optimization of a given business process.

  19. Skills required for the management of Black-owned small enterprises in Soweto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Nkosi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: This study sought to identify which business and management skills are present amongst Black small-business owners in Soweto, as small businesses are not always aware of the skills needed in order to be successful in business endeavours.Research purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify the most pertinent business and management skills required for the management of small enterprises in Soweto.Motivation for the study: Small-business creation is viewed as being a major contributor to economic growth. The motivation of the study was to foster understanding with regard to which business and management skills are essential to the longevity of a small business and to foster growth in small-business creation.Research design, approach and method: A qualitative survey was conducted amongst 25 Black-owned small enterprises in Soweto. Data were gathered by means of semi-structured interviews. Content analysis, using literature as basis for common themes forthcoming from the interviews, was employed as the means of data analysis.Main findings: The findings indicated that most enterprise owners lack management and business skills, that there is no single key success factor in managing small enterprises, that competitive advantage is seemingly overlooked and that small-enterprise owners seem to be driven by non-monetary rewards.Practical/managerial implications: The study affirmed that a contextualised approach to management is crucial, irrespective of the scope of the business and that strategy is considered in a different light in a small business.Contribution/value-add: Although the findings did not suggest anything contrary to the literature relating to skills, they did highlight the uniqueness of strategic management aspects in small enterprises and also alluded to the communal outlook of Black small-enterprise owners.

  20. FACTORS CRISIS OF SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I. Khorev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Today it became clear that Russia needs not only economic growth, but also economic growth of a certain quality. Re¬gions are not an exception, since they are the most vulnerable to changes in market conditions resource exports. The main economic indicators for larger regions of the country should become entrepreneurs. The main economic indicators for larger regions of the country should become entrepreneurs. Not accidentally retrospective analysis of the evolutionary development of small business shows that the most important role in the economic development of Europe and America have played and continue to play a small business. Results of activity of small businesses are generally positive; the country saw an increase in the main indicators: the number of small enterprises, the average number of employees in small enterprises, turnover of small businesses and investments in fixed assets. The statistics of recent years show a decline of interest in the business population. Number of small businesses created in the last few years there has been a downward trend, while the proportion of surviving for three years after their registration is low. The greatest negative impact on the business affairs of the factors of regulatory and administrative regulation of small business, corruption and bribery of officials and the activities of control and inspection bodies. Addressing these challenges will require proper coordination of regional and local resources in building infrastructure, forming investment mechanisms to support small enterprises, the development of the entrepreneurial potential of the population.

  1. The equipment room power supply system of telecom business and government enterprise customer optimization design%通信运营商政企客户机房供电系统优化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛文杰

    2014-01-01

    Enterprise customer communication operators are the most important customer resources, which the focus of all telecom enterprises fighting for.To provide a stable, efficient, reliable, safe access services for enterprise customers are the key competition. The article based on the telecom enterprise customer room existing AC, DC power supply system problems and potential safety hazards are also summarized.Study for enterprise customer room high reliability AC, DC power supply system. And through the theoretical calculation and engineering practice, to optimize the power supply system of customer room enterprise implementation scheme.Meanwhile, the article also design the corresponding AC, DC power system optimization diagram.In order to meet the market development and customer, for the communication operators and the safety of power supply system, reliable, reasonable and applicable requirements.%政企客户是通信运营商最重要的客户资源,是各大通信运营企业争夺的焦点,为政企客户提供稳定、高效、可靠、安全的接入服务是竞争胜负的关键;本文通过对电信政企客户机房现有交、直流供电系统存在的问题与安全隐患进行分析总结,着重研究适合政企客户机房高可靠性的交、直流供电系统;并通过理论计算及工程实践,提出优化政企客户机房供电系统的可实施方案,同时设计出相应的交、直流供电系统优化示意图,以满足市场开发及政企客户对于通信运营商供电系统的安全、可靠、合理及适用性要求。

  2. Business intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cebotarean Elena

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Business intelligence (BI refers to computer-based techniques used in spotting, digging-out, and analyzing business data, such as sales revenue by products and/or departments, or by associated costs and incomes. BI technologies provide historical, current, and predictive views of business operations. Common functions of business intelligence technologies are reporting, online analytical processing, analytics, data mining, business performance management, benchmarking, text mining, and predictive analytics. Business intelligence aims to support better business decision-making. Thus a BI system can be called a decision support system (DSS. Though the term business intelligence is sometimes used as a synonym for competitive intelligence, because they both support decision making, BI uses technologies, processes, and applications to analyze mostly internal, structured data and business processes while competitive intelligence gathers, analyzes and disseminates information with a topical focus on company competitors. Business intelligence understood broadly can include the subset of competitive intelligence.

  3. VEM: Virtual Enterprise Methodology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tølle, Martin; Vesterager, Johan

    2003-01-01

    This chapter presents a virtual enterprise methodology (VEM) that outlines activities to consider when setting up and managing virtual enterprises (VEs). As a methodology the VEM helps companies to ask the right questions when preparing for and setting up an enterprise network, which works...... as a breeding ground for setting up VEs. The VEM applies the Virtual Enterprise Reference Architecture (VERA) as an underlying structure. Both VEM and VERA are developed as a part of the GLOBEMEN project....

  4. Sustainable Enterprise Architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Hausman, Kirk

    2011-01-01

    Providing guidance that can be applied to an enterprise of any scale, this book supplies IT practitioners with the tools needed to present enterprise architecture concepts to non-technical stakeholders. Rather than focusing on a single governance framework, the text explains how to develop successful and sustainable enterprise deployments in any setting. Coverage includes general security practices, common threats, storage mechanisms, and the impact of virtualization. The author presents functional considerations for developing and maintaining extended enterprise networks using practices teste

  5. The Role of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manouchehr Jofreh

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Enterprises nowadays strive to keep transforming their business processes in accordance with the fast changing customer demands so as to survive the intense global competition. Also, nowadays with progressing globalization, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs cannot withstand in front of the severe competition and facing with increasing pressure to improve data management, increase transparency and standardize process. In this study an attempt has been made to highlight how E.R.P. is assisting to SMEs so that they can manage and analyze their business data very rapidly for quickly responding to business changes. How this Planning can be beneficial for strengthening activities related with SMEs in the current scenario. Findings show that by implementing ERP among SMEs, managers can handle challenging situations and overcome the global competitiveness.

  6. World Standards Day 14 October 2006 Standards: big benefits for small business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Small business could claim to be the world's biggest business. It is estimated that more than 95 per cent of the world's businesses are small to medium sized. Thus, international standards need to provide as many benefits for small businesses as they do for global enterprises, governments and society at large.

  7. 77 FR 36034 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ... business enterprises (DBE), women owned small businesses (WOSB), HubZone, service disabled veteran owned... Office of the Secretary Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice of Funding...

  8. 75 FR 23319 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-03

    ... to: 8(a), Disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women owned small business (WOB), HubZone... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for;...

  9. 78 FR 4973 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... business enterprises (DBE), women owned small businesses (WOSB), HubZone, service disabled veteran owned... Office of the Secretary Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice of Funding...

  10. 77 FR 42790 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... business enterprises (DBE), women owned small businesses (WOSB), HubZone, service disabled veteran owned... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program AGENCY: Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization...

  11. 75 FR 42181 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-20

    ...: 8(a), disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women owned small business (WOB), HubZone, service... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for:...

  12. Oracle JD Edwards EnterpriseOne 90 Supply Chain Management Cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Rasheed, Kashif

    2012-01-01

    A cookbook full of practical and immediately useable recipes for real world business implementation of EnterpriseOne Supply Chain Management. If you are a functional consultant, technical consultant/developer, or project manager and want to improve your business perspective of EnterpriseOne SCM, this book is for you. You should have basic knowledge of navigating EnterpriseOne and general supply chain familiarity. Knowledge of the Common Foundation JDE 9.0 module is advantageous; the supply chain business domain knowledge will be an add-on to this.

  13. Enterprise, Entrepreneurship and Ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Daniel; Holt, Robin

    In the wake of calls for enterprise-led recovery amid Western economies, we critically investigate the enterprise discourse. Specifically, we challenge the association of enterprise and entrepreneurial activity. Using Foucault’s concept of parrrhesia - an ethical condition of brave speech - we...

  14. Business Standardization & Market Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Shiyuan

    2007-01-01

    The introduction of the market economy in China requires a renewed understanding of the theory and practice of business standardization. Built on the basic principles of standardization and the market economics, this paper seeks to define the role and status of standardization in the market economy, its aims and priorities. It then describes the deployment of standardization in market competition. Lastly, it explores into the possible transformations of concepts, functions and associated personnel of enterprise standardization in order to keep abreast of the evolving market economy.

  15. Diagnosis in the Enterprise Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skrynkovskyy Ruslan M.

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to define the role and place of the diagnosis management system in the structure of the task system of the enterprise diagnosis. There suggested the essence of the concept of «diagnosis of the enterprise», which is understood as the process of identification, analysis and evaluation of the enterprise state and trends in its changes (changes of the state on the basis of relevant business indicators in order to develop recommendations on the elimination of problematic points and weaknesses in the functioning of the enterprise to ensure a qualitatively new level of its development and formation of prospects with consideration to the consequences of violation of the legislation in the field of economics and enterprise management and law (legal responsibility for the violation of the labor law, tax law, law on protection of economic competition, law on trade secret, etc.. It was found that the diagnosis in the system of enterprise management: 1 is a structural component (or a partial diagnosis task in a group of private diagnosis tasks in the system of diagnosis task of the enterprise activity; 2 as a sub-function of the control function (as a general function of management includes such components as: assessment (identification of key features, characteristics, parameters (indexes, indicators, properties; analysis (a thorough study of the structure, dynamics, trends, etc.; identification (involves determination of deviations of parameters from the criteria and/or standards, formulation of diagnosis. Prospects for further research in this direction are the development of methods for quantitative assessment of the effectiveness of the management system with the purpose of its introducing in practical activities of enterprises, namely in the processes of decision-making.

  16. The Protocol of China's Entrance into WTO is Producing an Influence on the Import-Export Businesses of Power Enterprises%加入WTO议定书对电力企业进出口业务的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉新; 舒悌荣; 王绍谦; 张旭波; 张健

    2003-01-01

    从法律法规、贸易权、国民待遇、招投标程序、非关税措施、技术法规和标准及出口补贴等七方面,分析中国加入WTO议定书对电力企业进出口业务的影响.电力企业必须熟悉和掌握WTO规则和议定书,才能不断扩大国内外贸易市场.%This paper analyzes the influences of the Protocol of China's Accession to WTO on import and export services of power enterprises in the aspects of laws and regulations, trade rights, national treatment, bidding procedure, non-tariff measures, technical codes and standards and export subsidies. Power enterprises must know and master the WTO rules and protocol to continuously enlarge home and foreign markets.

  17. 关于煤炭业第四方物流企业运营模式的研究%Study on Business Mode of 4PL Logistics Enterprises in Coal Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦智晗; 刘阶萍; 胡恺铄; 陈宇航

    2011-01-01

    Through field investigating the development situation of the coal industry in China and its logistics operation modes, the paper employs Michael Porter's five forces model to analyze the feasibility for and environmental factors influencing the development of coal industry 4PL enterprises and puts forth countermeasures for the development of the 4PL enterprises.%通过对我国煤炭业及其物流模式发展现状的调查分析,运用波特五竞争力分析法等方法分析煤炭业发展第四方物流的环境因素及可行性,提出建设煤炭业第四方物流公司的措施策略,以提高煤炭业的物流管理水平和整体经济效益.

  18. New Method for Modeling and Operating of the Virtual Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentin LARION

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Much research has been conducted to define what a virtual enterprise (VE actually is and how it should work. This paper addresses the more specific question, how a virtual enterprise can be designed to be agile and to so best support short-term business opportunities. The cases on virtual enterprises studied in this research suggest that in order to adequately respond to a temporary window of opportunity in the market, engineering and implementation competencies cannot be created for the occasion but need to be preinstalled and on standby. Thus, each research study conducted in this sense has tried to ascertain a set of methods and tools to select partners, reengineer business and logistic processes and to set up an information and communication platform for the virtual enterprise.

  19. The Implementation of an Enterprise Application Integration Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUJungang; WANGHongan; DAIGuozhong

    2004-01-01

    With the driving of rapid reaction to the changes of business rules, enterprises realize that they need to transfer their applications from single function to management of the whole processing flow. This transfer requires the enterprises to integrate the existing individual systems and re-configure its business systems. To meet this challenge, we have designed and implemented an Application integration platform for process industry (AIP/PI),which is model-driven and component-based, and composed of six main components: application configuration and execution platform, data accessing middleware, data collecting middleware, enterprise core database for production management, enterprise real-time database for production process, data integration and material balancing system. Our work has been applied to one refinery plant.

  20. Defining Small and Medium Enterprises: a critical review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gentrit Berisha

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The OECD estimates that small and medium enterprises account for 90% of firms and employ 63% of the workforce in the world (Munro: 2013. Small and medium enterprises account for that amount of businesses thatit is senseless the arbitrariness with which they are defined. Language mainly used for definition is numbers, but it is difficult to find two institutions, statistical agencies or countries who speak the same language in terms of small and medium enterprises. Academics, authors, policy makers apply SMEdefinitions in terms of dichotomy between universality and standardization of a unique definition and relativity and sectored specialization. Although qualitative criteria-characteristics of SMEs easily distinguish them from large businesses, quantitative criteria are mainlyused for their dimensional classification. This paper deals with a critical approachto the definition of small and medium enterprises, inconsistencies in criteria and various proposed approaches to the definition towards universal acceptance.

  1. WIPO Publishes Guide to Trademarks for Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Entrepreneurs and managers of small andmedium-sized enterprises(SMEs)can nowconsult a World Intellectual PropertyOrganization(WIPO)publication thatexplains the basics of trademarks from abusiness perspective.The guide,entitled"Making a Mark:An Introduction toTrademarks for Small and Medium-sizedEnterprises",is intended to enhance thereader's understanding of the strategic valueof trademarks in business planning.It is the

  2. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SMALL AND MEDIUM BUSINESS FROM VASLUI, ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergiu DUTA

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Development of market economy requires issues to improve the business environment and stimulate small and medium enterprise (SME in crisis and need recovery of investment in Vaslui, Romania

  3. Elements of organizational culture leading to business excellence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Bertoncelj

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this research was to define the development of a conceptual frame to understand the impact of organizational culture on business excellence in medium-sized and large Slovenian enterprises. In our research the focus was on the importance of the role of communication structure, interpersonal relationships, motivation, and stimulation as part of knowledge management among 825 managers working in medium-sized and large Slovenian enterprises. The aim was to find out if these elements lead or contribute to business excellence. To analyse our data we applied analysis of variance as research methods. Our proposed thesis was supported since significant differences in business excellence between enterprises, different in the above mentioned elements. We can conclude that an appropriate communication structure, interpersonal relationships, motivation, stimulation and values as part of organizational culture positively affect business excellence in enterprises

  4. Business Innovation of Logistics Enterprises:A Perspective of Integrative Product Concept%基于产品整体概念视角下物流企业业务创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俎文红

    2014-01-01

    通过对现代市场营销学中产品整体概念演进的剖析,提出了物流企业应通过产品整体概念的营销来提升企业在全球物流行业中的综合竞争力,将物流企业的发展和产品整体概念营销看成相互影响的整合经营体系,指出物流企业未来产品业务创新的发展之路。%In this paper, through analyzing the evolution of the integrative product concept in the modern marketing discipline, we proposed that the logistics enterprises should improve their comprehensive competitiveness in the global logistics industry through integrative product concept marketing, treated the development of the enterprises and the integrative product concept marketing as mutually influencing systems, and pointed out the direction for the future development of the logistics enterprises.

  5. On the Benefit of Using Mobile Technologies in Business Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Deibert, Sina; Rothlauf, Franz

    2006-01-01

    The rapid technical progress in the development of mobile devices and technologies offers new possibilities for improving and streamlining the performance of business processes. However, only few successful mobile applications exist in the business area. This paper discusses the benefits an enterprise can gain by using mobile technologies in business processes. It presents general indicators to measure the performance of business processes and shows how these indicators must be adapted to be ...

  6. Using enterprise systems to enhance organizational agility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Mathrani

    Full Text Available In the corporate use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT, deployment of enterprise systems (ESs technology in particular, has been the most vital development towards improving an organization\\'s effectiveness. ESs make up the value chain of an enterprise allowing the organization to become significantly flexible and efficient. This paper investigates the use of ESs to increase agility within three New Zealand manufacturing organizations. Case findings reveal several aspects of ES utilization in agile manufacturing strategies such as concurrent engineering, value chain integration, and creation of virtual enterprise to proactively align work streams and increase responsiveness and flexibility. The paper discusses the importance of agile thinking in business and how an ES enables knowledge-based processes in critical functional areas to improve organizational agility.

  7. Family Enterprise in Czech Civil Code

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janku Martin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available For more than two decades the family business enterprises of the first generation (generation of founders are more and more dominating in the category of today’s small and medium–sized enterprises in the Czech Republic. The necessary legal background defining the legal relationships and rights of all participating persons was, however, limited to general provisions in the Commercial Code that has not solved many of the problems associated thereto. Only in 2012 the new Czech Civil Code, Act. No 89/2012 Coll., introduced the institute of family enterprise as completely new term in the Czech Civil law. The presented paper aims to analyse the key rules of this new legal regulation, focusing on significant aspects of the institute in the context of commercial law and family law, as well as, to highlight the potential weaknesses and gaps existing in the regulation.

  8. Ergonomics Integration Omproving Production Process Management in Enterprises of Latvia

    OpenAIRE

    Kaļķis, Henrijs

    2013-01-01

    Dotoral thesis ERGONOMICS INTEGRATION IMPROVING PRODUCTION PROCESS MANAGEMENT IN ENTERPRISES OF LATVIA ANNOTATION Ergonomics integration in process management has great significance in organisations` growth of productivity. It is a new approach to entrepreneurship and business strategy, where ergonomic aspects and values are taken into account in ensuring the effective process management and profitability of enterprises. This study is aimed at solution of the problem of e...

  9. Role and Importance of Evaluation in Management Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela NICOARA

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In determining the enterprise value is assessed, are taken into account all areas that help to generate future profits in the întreprindrii evaluated, respectively. In this respect, a special role is managerial decision.This is the main tool to achieve business objectives, which should be based on past actual situation of the enterprise, the current existing ralitatile on forecasting ability, but also work with other specialisti.Rezultatele assessment is an important source of decision management.

  10. Big data reduction framework for value creation in sustainable enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Value creation is a major sustainability factor for enterprises, in addition to profit maximization and revenue generation. Modern enterprises collect big data from various inbound and outbound data sources. The inbound data sources handle data generated from the results of business operations, such as manufacturing, supply chain management, marketing, and human resource management, among others. Outbound data sources handle customer-generated data which are acquired directly or indirectly fr...

  11. FEATURES OF THE ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT DURING THE CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataliia Kasianova

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In the article the key moments in the development of the economic system were described, the problem of determining bifurcation points was solved and, on this basis the trajectory of the enterprise was chosen. The essence and characteristics of enterprise development management during the crisis was overviewed. A choice of methodological support development strategy was made based on a study of possible trajectories. Practical aspects of business management in the proposed methodologies were scientifically reasoned.

  12. Is social enterprise the way forward for public services?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Ceri

    Social enterprises are organisations set up to deliver public benefit rather than private profit, and are often owned by their staff. Their social and environmental focus makes them ideal for providing flexible and responsive health and social care. This article explains how social enterprises differ from other types of businesses and from public bodies. It explains the policy context and benefits of setting them up and gives examples of social enterpris in practice.

  13. Bespoke ERP - A Systems View on Enterprise Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben

    2010-01-01

      ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) is one of the most critical infrastructural components of enterprises - private or governmental. For years the technological drive has been pushing enterprises to adopt standard ERP packages as the single technological option. In this article a case is presented...... approach in the paper targets primarily highly supply chain oriented companies with demands within business to business integration, globalized business processes, size considerations might also come in place. The case study includes issues of "market footprint" in terms its product characteristics within...... medium to low priced, high volume fashion products, but this does not rule out applicability of findings in industries. The paper brings forth a number of discussions in the consideration of bespoke ERP; not denying the issue, that most ERP projects are based on standard ERP, but keeping the door open...

  14. 上海小微企业现状及其扶持政策创新研究%Survey of Small and Micro Enterprises in Shanghai Lnnovative Research and Business Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈甬沪

    2012-01-01

    The research found the Shanghai small micro-enterprise sector and more widely distributed, in rich Sectors linked industrial operation, echoing the market supply and demand, a reasonable market price continued vitality of market competition, and promote entrepreneurship to create employment contributed. Affected by complex domestic and international economic and uncertain operating environment, many small micro-enterprises in the talent shortage, difficulties in financing, profit margins, development difficult predicament. Optimize the environment of the survival of small and micro enterprises in Shanghai, change management philosophy should further improve policies and services, innovation and development model to guide industrial development to expand the space for development of small and micro enterprises, forming support reasonable support system and interaction mechanisms, real small and micro enterprises play a its due role in the innovation-driven transformation and development.%上海小微企业行业多、分布广,在丰富行业门类、链接产业运转、呼应市场供给需求、形成市场合理价格、持续市场竞争活力和推动创业带动就业中功不可没。但受国内外复杂且不确定的经济运行环境的影响,不少小微型企业处于人才缺、融资难、利润薄、发展难的困境之中。优化上海小微企业生存环境,应进一步转变管理理念,完善政策及服务,创新发展模式,引导产业发展,拓展小微企业发展空间,形成支持扶持的合理体制与互动机制,真正发挥小微企业在"创新驱动、转型发展"中应有的作用。

  15. FRANCHISE FROM FAMILY BUSINESS?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián NAGY

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the franchise as a form of enterprise in perspective to existing family businesses and how can they operate this way. Why is this form better for them, what advantages it has? In this case an ice cream shop’s economic inidicators were examined ,one which is owned by a hungarian family in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county who runs several shops like this. That is why this study was made, to find out if it is possible to run it sucsessfully and what costs does the newcomers in the franchise business network have to pay and how much is the time on the return of investments.

  16. Business Model Innovation Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter

    2012-01-01

    a framework model called the BMIL strategy canvas. The research approach was action research carried out from 2008 - 2012. Intense study of 35 US and EU SME´s and 97 of their different BM´s form the empirical background. The findings represent learning and characteristic of BMIL with a strong reference......When SME´s practice business model (BM) innovation (BMI), leading strategically BMs through the innovation process can be the difference between success and failure to a BM. Business Model Innovation Leadership (BMIL) is however extremely complex to carry out especially to small and medium size...... enterprises (SME). There are so many opportunities, pitfalls and strategies to consider while “the business” has to be operated simultaneously. The paper provides a study of BMIL in practise in SME´s and show different ways of how they handle BMIL and BMIL strategies. The SME´s were examined through...

  17. Business Model Innovation of Construction Enterprise Based on the 12th Five-Year Plan%基于"十二五"规划的建筑施工企业商业模式创新初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐卫华

    2011-01-01

    Business model innovation has been an important method to make upgrade business in industrial development. And more and more construction companies try to achieve model-transfer upgrading through business model innovation in fierce price competition times. Based on comparison of business model innovation between China and developed countries, the brainstorming proposed in this paper is used to expand the traditional business field as much as possible, and a new evalualion model is also built in this paper.%商业模式创新已成为"十二五"规划产业发展的新引擎,建筑施工企业激烈的成本竞争,也使得越来越多的建筑施工企业试图通过商业模式创新实现产业转型及升级.在对比总结国内外建筑企业商业模式的基础上,采用"头脑风暴"法对以房建业务为主的建筑施工企业商业模式创新路径进行尽可能的扩展,并建立一种新的商业模式创新评估模型.

  18. 传统零售企业线上线下双重商业模式创新的冲突与协同 ——以苏宁云商为例%The Conflict and Coordination of Traditional Retailing Enterprises about Online and Offline Dual Business Model Innovation——In the Case of Suningyun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏清华; 冯颐

    2016-01-01

    Business model innovation is vital for the survival, development and formation of enterprise's sustainable competitive advantage. For a long time, the driver, approach and implementation of business model innovation are the focus of scholars. Due to the development of Internet technology, the traditional retailers begin to walk from offline to online through business model innovation in order to adapt to the new competition environment. The online and offline dual business model has its own advantages, but it also causes a lot conflicts at the same time. Based on the case of Suning, this paper analyzes the driver, approach and implementation of traditional retailers to carry out business model innovation, and put forward the strategies about how to integrate the resources of online and offline for the collaborative development of dual business model.%商业模式创新对于企业的生存发展以及可持续竞争优势的形成至关重要.一直以来,商业模式创新的动力、途径以及实施都是学者们研究的重点.在我国零售行业,由于互联网技术的发展,传统零售企业为了适应新的竞争环境,纷纷从线下走到线上,通过商业模式创新形成线上线下双重商业模式的发展模式.这种模式在帮助传统零售企业发挥企业自身优势的同时,也在实施过程中出现很多不可避免的冲突.以苏宁企业为例,分析传统零售企业商业模式的创新动力、途径与实施方案,提出企业应系统地整合线上线下的资源来寻求双重商业模式的协同发展.

  19. The Effects and Information Cost of Trust in Family-run Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiGengyin; WangXiaoxian

    2005-01-01

    Trust plays a critical role in the growth of a family-run enterprise. Because the role of trust in relationships between proprietors and managers differs between different family-run enterprises, information costs vary greatly between enterprises. Generally speaking, in traditionally managed family enterprises the degree of mutual trust between leaders and between staff and workers is high and hence information costs are relatively low. In this sense, family enterprises cannot be regarded as a backward management system. Although there is a universal tendency for family-owned businesses to make the transition to a modemized system of share-holding companies,

  20. Business models - their semantic form and structure

    OpenAIRE

    Kinderis, Remigijus

    2012-01-01

    Straipsnyje siekiama išgryninti verslo modelio koncepto semantiką. Analizuojama verslo modelio samprata, atliekant apibrėžimų chronologinės eigos analizę, parengiant prasminių žodžių žemėlapį. [...] The concept of business model is the most frequently considered and discussed in different modern scientific and business publications. Business model has been perceived and analyzed as a modern method of competition among business enterprises. The scientists and practicians agree on the common...