WorldWideScience

Sample records for bushings

  1. Reidid Venemaale / Jason Bush

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bush, Jason

    2008-01-01

    Korruptsioonist Venemaal Samara piirkonnas, ettevõtte-vaenulikest ülevõtmiskatsetest ja riigiametnike osast selles, Venemaa presidendi algatusest korruptsiooni väljajuurimisel. Vt. samas Jason Bush. BP rasked ajad Venemaal

  2. As Vitorias de Bush

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Soreanu Pecequilo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Considerando tanto a política internacional quanto a interna, o presente artigo busca expor algumas das maiores vitórias do presidente dos EUA George W. Bush e seus impactos para sua administração.

  3. Bush telegraph readings in writing

    CERN Document Server

    Strongman, Luke

    2015-01-01

    A ""bush telegraph"" is an antipodean slang noun phrase for a ""grapevine"" or an informal network of communication. The title of this book on English language use comes from the fact that the book is written from the southern hemisphere (where the idea of a ""bush telegraph"" is more widely-known) and because the concept of a ""bush telegraph"" describes what the book provides - a discussion of salient points in English language use and tertiary teaching across branches of interrelated interests. Each chapter of Bush Telegraph describes aspects of English writing culture. Separately and toget

  4. Q&A Steve Bush

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bush, Steve

    2016-08-01

    Steve Bush, curriculum leader for science at Sackville School in West Sussex, was awarded the 2016 RAS Patrick Moore Medal for his contribution to astronomy education. But, as he explains here, it was only chance that led him to astronomy.

  5. Bush and the Energy; Bush et l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mommaerts, C.; Barre, N.; Riche, P

    2001-07-01

    Facing the increase of the energy demand, Bush the President of the USA, decided to give a new impetus to the nuclear industry. These papers present the economic and the political analysis of this policy from the french point of view showing the anxiety facing the environmental impacts. (A.L.B.)

  6. Vannevar Bush: Fifty Years Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagowski, J. J.

    1995-12-01

    It is ironic that the 50th anniversary year of Vannevar Bush's Report to President Truman entitled "Science the Endless Frontier", which put into motion the eminently successful current system of education of scientists in this country occurs at a time when serious questions are being asked about the usefulness of that very system. Bush viewed his proposal to establish a national research foundation (later to be called the National Science Foundation) as a "social compact." Judgment of scientific merit would be delegated to expert peers in return for scientific progress, which would ultimately benefit the nation in terms of scientific needs--military security, economic productivity, and enhanced quality of life. Bush wanted the funding of basic research intertwined with training, and preferred to use universities for this purpose rather than industrial or national labs. Bush viewed college and university scientists as teachers and investigators. He believed university-based research would uniquely encourage and engage the next generation of scientists as no other institutional arrangement could. Bush did not trust industry's commitment to basic research, an instinct that proved prophetic. The academic reserve of scientists (PhD's in training and postdoctoral students) that existed before World War II, and upon which the United States could draw for its needs, which were primarily associated with defense efforts, was probably one of the defining factors in Bush's suggested strategy. Currently, that reserve of talent has gotten so large that it is the obvious throttle in the pipeline slowing the continued development of the university research enterprise. Since 1977, the rate at which we have trained new scientists exceeds an average of 4% annually. Since 1987, the "science work force"--PhD's--has grown at three times the rate of the general labor supply. Temporary positions for postdoctoral scientists have grown even faster (over 5% per year since 1989). To compound

  7. Control of Butterfly Bush with Postemergence Herbicides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butterfly bush (Buddleja davidii) is classified as invasive in several parts of the United States. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of four herbicides and two application methods on postemergence butterfly bush control. The four herbicides included: Roundup (glyphosate)...

  8. Bush favours research at Pentagon and NIH

    CERN Multimedia

    MacIlwain, C

    2001-01-01

    The first budget from George W. Bush increases funding for military research and the NIH, while environmental work is drastically cut. The rest of civilian science funding is essentially frozen (1 page).

  9. Technology Goes Bush: Using Mobile Technologies to Support Learning in a Bush Kinder Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masters, Jennifer; Grogan, Leanne

    2015-01-01

    A "bush kinder" is the Australian equivalent of a European forest kindergarten. Although it is not usual for technology to be used in the type of program, the authors suggest that mobile technologies can be used creatively and sensitively to support learning in the bush kinder context. This paper describes an ethnographical case study…

  10. DESIGN OF A BUSH PRESSING MACHINE FOR PUMPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AMITH KALEKAR

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Bearings are among the most important components in the vast majority of machines. Bush is an independent plain bearing that is inserted into a housing to provide a bearing surface for rotary applications. Bushes are fitted either by pressing for less interference or by heating the frame or cooling the bushes using dry ice or liquid nitrogen. In the present case, due to uneven cooling using liquid nitrogen or other problems, bush is not fitting easily in some of the pump frames. So there is a need of a bush pressing machine. A ‘C’ frame type hydraulic bush pressing machine is designed in this work.

  11. Electrical bushing for a superconductor element

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirebeau, Pierre; Lallouet, Nicolas; Delplace, Sebastien; Lapierre, Regis

    2010-05-04

    The invention relates to an electrical bushing serving to make a connection at ambient temperature to a superconductor element situated in an enclosure at cryogenic temperature. The electrical bushing passes successively through an enclosure at intermediate temperature between ambient temperature and cryogenic temperature, and an enclosure at ambient temperature, and it comprises a central electrical conductor surrounded by an electrically insulating sheath. According to the invention, an electrically conductive screen connected to ground potential surrounds the insulating sheath over a section that extends from the end of the bushing that is in contact with the enclosure at cryogenic temperature at least as far as the junction between the enclosure at intermediate temperature and the enclosure at ambient temperature. The invention is more particularly applicable to making a connection to a superconductor cable.

  12. Bush's Second-term Foreign Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Task Force on U.S. Foreign Strategic Review

    2006-01-01

    @@ In 2005, the first year of Bush's second term, the U.S. global strategy entered a new era of adjustment and intensification after four years' practice. As Bush won his reelection with an overwhelming advantage, he was so ambitious that his mind was preoccupied with desire of leaving political and diplomatic heritage to the future. However, a series of challenges and problems popped up and forced him to adapt his foreign strategy to the rapidly changing domestic and international environment. His foreign strategy, ranging from its priorities, means to style, has experienced changes with stronger conservative and realistic flavor.

  13. Environmental Assessment Colonial Seabird Management on Two Bush Island and Little Two Bush Island, Maine

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is an environmental assessment that discussed and analyzes the proposed restoration of historical nesting populations of Common and Roseate terns on Two Bush...

  14. Bush skazal ne sovsem to, tshto skazal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    USA abivälisminister Euroopa ja Euraasia küsimustes Daniel Fried teatas, et NATO riigid toetavad Gruusia, Moldova ja Aserbaidžaani territoriaalset terviklikkust, kuid ei luba neil seda taastada relva abil. Abiminister selgitab, mida pidas USA president George W. Bush silmas, kui ta avaldas Riia tippkohtumisel toetust Gruusiale tema püüdlustes liituda NATO-ga

  15. Evaluating the Bush Climate Change Initiative

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moor APG de; Berk MM; Elzen MGJ den; Vuuren DP van; MNV

    2002-01-01

    This report evaluates the Climate Change Initiative as presented by President Bush on February 14, 2002. The President's proposal aims to reduce the greenhouse gas intensity of the US economy by 18 per cent between 2002 and 2012. This policy target can be regarded as being very modest, when compared

  16. Evaluating the Bush Climate Change Initiative

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moor APG de; Berk MM; Elzen MGJ den; Vuuren DP van; MNV

    2002-01-01

    Deze rapportage evalueert het Climate Change Initiative dat President Bush op 14 februari 2002 heeft gepresenteerd. Dit Initiatief beoogt de broeikasgasintensiteit van de Amerikaanse economie tussen 2002 en 2012 met 18 procent te verminderen. Deze beleidsambitie valt als zeer bescheiden te typer

  17. President Bush ei kuula esindajatekoda / Tõnis Erilaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erilaid, Tõnis, 1943-

    2007-01-01

    USA kongressi esindajatekoda hääletas juba kolmas kord selle poolt, et hiljemalt nelja kuu pärast hakataks vähendama vägesid Iraagis, samas on president George W. Bush Iraagi sõja suhtes optimistlikult meelestatud ning paneb tõenäoliselt ka sel korral seaduseelnõule veto. Lisa: Iraagis on langenud 3610 ameeriklast

  18. The Invasive Buddleja Daviddi (Butterfly Bush)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buddleja davidii Franchet (Synonym. Buddleia davidii; common name butterfly bush) is a perennial, semi-deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub that is resident in gardens and disturbed areas. Since its introduction to the United Kingdom from China in the late 1800s, B. davidii has become...

  19. Obama Echoes Bush on Education Ideas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robelen, Erik W.

    2009-01-01

    President Barack Obama campaigned on a message of change, but when it comes to K-12 education, he appears to be walking in the policy footsteps of his recent predecessors, including George W. Bush. Obama is sounding themes of accountability based on standards and assessments. He is delivering tough talk on teacher quality, including a call for…

  20. Fuzzy and Multilayer Perceptron for Evaluation of HV Bushings

    CERN Document Server

    Dhlamini, Sizwe M; Majozi, Thokozani

    2007-01-01

    The work proposes the application of fuzzy set theory (FST) to diagnose the condition of high voltage bushings. The diagnosis uses dissolved gas analysis (DGA) data from bushings based on IEC60599 and IEEE C57-104 criteria for oil impregnated paper (OIP) bushings. FST and neural networks are compared in terms of accuracy and computational efficiency. Both FST and NN simulations were able to diagnose the bushings condition with 10% error. By using fuzzy theory, the maintenance department can classify bushings and know the extent of degradation in the component.

  1. Elecciones en Estados Unidos: Bush contra Kerry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Valverde Loya

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In November 2004, presidential elections took place in the United States. President George W. Bush, a Republican, confronted Democratic candidate John F. Kerry. A very close race was expected, focusing on the economic situation of the country and national security, but it was the latter the one which prevailed during the campaign, even as significant participation was motivated by the issue of “moral values”. It was thought that due to the closeness of the contest, any of the sides could appeal to judicial tribunals, just like four years before. At the end, President Bush achieved a clear victory; both in the popular vote and the electoral college, and his party increased its majorities in both chambers of Congress.

  2. Waterloo or Milestone of the Bush Administration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YangHongxi; ChenKaiming; WangWei

    2005-01-01

    In the coming four years, the Middle East will continue to be the strategic focus of the United States. It can be seen in an analysis of the recent years's ituation that the Bush administration rather chose a war in the Middle East to achieve its strategic goals than used non-military measures to do the same thing. In the future the Bush administration might find it difficult to draw back from its policy on the Middle East, which will mean more losses than gains. This will probably continue to cause damage to both the soft and hard power of the U.S., and result in a downward trend of the U.S. power for a certain period of time.

  3. Soil microbial communities following bush removal in a Namibian savanna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buyer, Jeffrey S.; Schmidt-Küntzel, Anne; Nghikembua, Matti; Maul, Jude E.; Marker, Laurie

    2016-03-01

    Savanna ecosystems are subject to desertification and bush encroachment, which reduce the carrying capacity for wildlife and livestock. Bush thinning is a management approach that can, at least temporarily, restore grasslands and raise the grazing value of the land. In this study we examined the soil microbial communities under bush and grass in Namibia. We analyzed the soil through a chronosequence where bush was thinned at 9, 5, or 3 years before sampling. Soil microbial biomass, the biomass of specific taxonomic groups, and overall microbial community structure was determined by phospholipid fatty acid analysis, while the community structure of Bacteria, Archaea, and fungi was determined by multiplex terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Soil under bush had higher pH, C, N, and microbial biomass than under grass, and the microbial community structure was also altered under bush compared to grass. A major disturbance to the ecosystem, bush thinning, resulted in an altered microbial community structure compared to control plots, but the magnitude of this perturbation gradually declined with time. Community structure was primarily driven by pH, C, and N, while vegetation type, bush thinning, and time since bush thinning were of secondary importance.

  4. Remarks by president Bush and president Ilves, June 24, 2007 / George W. Bush, Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bush, George W., 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide president George W. Bush ja Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves annavad lühiülevaateValge Maja ovaalkabinetis peetud kõnelusest, mille põhiteemadeks olid olukord Afganistanis ja Iraagis, viisavabadus ning küberrünnakud. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 25.-26.06.2007

  5. Trend in Bush's China Strategy Adjustment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Since the beginning of the year, a debate has been set off on China's rise and China Threat theory is prevailing again in America. Under this background, U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Zoellick delivered a speech on September 21 entitled "Whither China: From Membership to Responsibility?" which systematically elaborated U.S. strategy on China. ① Before and after this speech, many other U.S. politicians and scholars have similar views. This article aims to analyze these relevant expositions in order to explain Bush's China strategy adjustments.

  6. Rhetorical and Linguistic Analysis of Bush's Second Inaugural Speech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sameer, Imad Hayif

    2017-01-01

    This study attempts to analyze Bush's second inaugural speech. It aims at investigating the use of linguistic strategies in it. It resorts to two models which are Aristotle's model while the second is that of Atkinson's (1984) to draw the attention towards linguistic strategies. The analysis shows that Bush's second inaugural speech is successful…

  7. Injection molding of bushes made of tribological PEEK composites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Polyetheretherketone (PEEK composites have been extensively studied because of the excellent tribological behavior among plastics. However, laboratory specimens and tests are generally discussed, whereas application studies on industrial components are infrequent. In this paper, an injection molded bush made of tribological PEEK was analyzed to correlate wear behavior and molded material structure. Bushes were tested under unlubricated sliding conditions by means of a short wear test. Surface analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC and optical microscopy were used to evaluate the distribution of the different composite fillers (polytetrafluoroethylene, PTFE, graphite particles and carbon microfibers and their effect on the final bush behavior. A significant lack of homogeneity was observed in the molded bush and black bands appeared on the shaft surface after testing due to the sliding. The bush geometry and the injection molding process should be optimized to allow the best tribological behavior of the molded material under working conditions.

  8. Baltic leaders jockey with Bush to get their message across

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    USA president George Bush lubas pärast kõnelemist Mart Laari ning Vaira Vike-Freibergaga arutada kohtumisel president Vladimir Putiniga suhteid Venemaa ja Balti riikide vahel. Lisa: Vladimir Putini arvamus Molotovi-Ribbentropi pakti kohta

  9. Bush asub uue Iraagi-poliitikaga vigu parandama / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2007-01-01

    USA president George W. Bush tutvustas uut Iraagi-strateegiat. Iraaki saadetakse paarkümmend tuhat USA sõdurit, küsitluse andmeil on 61% ameeriklastest lisasõdurite saatmise vastu. Lisa: USA plaanid Iraagis ja Iraagiga

  10. Insulation Characteristics of Bushing Shed at Cryogenic Temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, W. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Kim, S. H.

    2014-05-01

    In the development of high-Tc superconducting(HTS) devices, the bushing for HTS devices (HTS bushing) is the core technology, the need to because of supply high voltage to the cable or the winding of the transformer. The lower part of the bushing is exposed to the liquid nitrogen (LN2), and it has many sheds. In particular, the insulation body with sheds and electrical insulation at cryogenic temperature have attracted a great deal of interest from the view point of the size, weight and efficiency of bushing. This study has mainly investigated the shed and insulation body by comparing glass fiber reinforced plastics (GFRP) in LN2. We investigated the surface discharge characteristics according to insulating materials, width and height of the shed.

  11. Allergenic sesquiterpene lactones from cushion bush (Leucophyta brownii Cass.)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Evy; Gade Hyldgaard, Mette; Andersen, Klaus E.

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Australian cushion bush (Leucophyta brownii) of the Compositae family of plants has become a popular pot and container plant. The plant produces the sesquiterpene lactone allergen calocephalin. OBJECTIVES: To assess the sensitizing potential of sesquiterpene lactones from cushion ...

  12. Bush võitleb tugeva presidendi maine nimel / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 13. juuni 2007, lk. 5. USA president George W. Bush pidi sekkuma immigratsioonireformi debatti. Vt. samas: Malta ja Rootsi nõuavad sisserändajate jagamist

  13. Detection of Cracks in Aluminum Structure Beneath Inconel Repair Bushings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-01

    conductivity (i.e. Inconel 718 ) – Primary challenge then becomes detecting the weak eddy current field in the structure beyond the bushing wall...was able to be selected with inspectability as a goal. – Inconel 718 • low permeability (~μ0) • low conductivity (< 2% IACS) • Combined with...Detection of Cracks in Aluminum Structure beneath Inconel Repair Bushings Mr. Kenneth J. LaCivita (USAF) AFRL/RXSA Air Force Research Laboratory

  14. Bush jätkab maailma dirigeerimist / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2004-01-01

    USA president George W. Bush peab oma tagasivalimise kindlustajaks elluviidud välispoliitikat. Autori hinnangul on Bush varasematest presidentidest jõulisemalt muutmas USA-d kapitalismi lipulaevaks, Bushi USA vastandab end euroopalikule mudelile, kus riik tagab kodanikele turvatunde. Kavandatavatest muudatustest USA sisepoliitikas. Vt. samas: Arko Olesk. Verine aasta Iraagi sõjas; Aivar Reinap. USA majandus mustas augus; Andres Keil. Tsivilisatsiooni häirekell

  15. Contributions on Computer Aided Manufacturing of Drill-Jig Bushings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile Cojocaru

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the steps for computer aided manufacturing (CAMof the bushings technological class parts: design of the part in CADsoftware; generation of the parametrical link with MSExcel files; extract of the useful information for the technological design (mass, volume, surfaces; setting of the CNC lathe and necessary tools; programming of the CNC code for manufacturing. Given the large variety of the bushingsshapes and dimensions, the application focused on the jig bushings used in drilling processes.

  16. The Bush administration climate proposal: rhetoric and reality

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanchard, O.

    2003-03-01

    This paper examines the Bush administration proposal and subsequent actions in terms of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It has four sections. Section one describes the main features of the Bush Administration climate proposal. Section 2 identifies the main underlying factors that shape this proposal. Section 3 rebuts the Administration critique in deciding to reject the Kyoto protocol. Section 4 explores the prospects of the US climate mitigation actions over the next few years. (A.L.B.)

  17. Time domain responses of hydraulic bushing with two flow passages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chai, Tan; Dreyer, Jason T.; Singh, Rajendra

    2014-02-01

    Hydraulic bushings are commonly employed in vehicle suspension and body sub-frame systems to control motion, vibration, and structure-borne noise. Since literature on this topic is sparse, a controlled bushing prototype which accommodates a combination of long and short flow passages and flow restriction elements is first designed, constructed and instrumented. Step-up and step-down responses of several typical fluid-filled bushing configurations are measured along with steady harmonic time histories of transmitted force and internal pressures. To analyze the experimental results and gain physical insights into the hydraulic bushing system, lumped system models of bushings with different design features are developed, and analytical expressions of transmitted force and internal pressure responses are derived by using the convolution method. Parametric studies are also conducted to examine the effect of hydraulic element parameters. System parameters are successfully estimated for both harmonic and step responses using theory and measurements, and the dynamic force measurements are analyzed using analytical predictions. Finally, some nonlinearities of the system are also observed, and the fluid resistance of flow passage is found to be the most nonlinear element.

  18. 2007 George Bush China-US Relations Conference Held in Washington D.C.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>The 2007 George Bush China-US Relations Conference jointly sponsored by the CPAF-FC, the Texas A&M University, the George Bush School of Government and Public Service and the George Bush Presidential Library Foundation was held in Washington D.C. from October 22 to 25, 2007. Former Chinese Foreign Minister Li Zhaox-ing and former US President George Bush respectively led the Chinese and American delegations to attend the conference.

  19. L’économie américaine sous l’Administration Bush The US Economy under the Bush Administration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Lambert

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article dresse un bilan de la performance économique américaine au cours des huit années de la présidence Bush. Sous l’Administration Bush, et après une année de récession consécutive à l’éclatement de la « bulle internet », l’économie américaine a connu six années d’expansion. Cette expansion a été plus forte que dans les autres économies du G7, grâce notamment à une croissance plus élevée de la productivité et à une politique monétaire accommodante. Elle s’est néanmoins accompagnée d’un certain nombre de déséquilibres qui pesaient sur la situation dans les derniers mois de la présidence Bush.This article surveys the performance of the US economy over the eight years of the Bush Presidency. Under the Bush Administration and after a year of recession following the bursting of the internet bubble, the American economy enjoyed six years of expansion. This expansion was stronger than in the other G7 economies, thanks in particular to higher productivity growth and a very supportive monetary policy. However, it was the source of several imbalances which weighed on the situation as the Bush Presidency was drawing to a close.

  20. President Bush: A Friend of Higher Education after All?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basken, Paul

    2008-01-01

    President Bush's proposals on such topics as toughening accreditation standards and limiting the use of human embryonic stem cells in research may not have made him popular in academe over his two terms. This article reports that the president's willingness to spend federal money on many of colleges' top priorities might improve the perception of…

  1. Naftahind tõusis ja Bush langes / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    Tagasivaates 2005. aastale nimetab autor aasta tõusjad: need on naftahind, heategevus ja annetamine loodusõnnetustes kannatanutele, revolutsioonid. Aasta langejad on tema hinnangul USA president George W. Bush ning Vene hävitaja allakukkumine Leedu kohal. Ka on tema sõnul pisut pidurdunud EL-i hoog

  2. Oliver Stone : "Bush oli paadialune!" / Oliver Stone ; interv. Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stone, Oliver

    2008-01-01

    Kreekas, Thessaloniki filmifestivalil antud intervjuu. Festivalil linastus režissööri mängufilm "W", mille peaosas George Bush jun. (mängib Josh Brolin). Lisaks filmist : ""W" - ümbersündinud mehe kentsakas portree"

  3. The Invasive Shrub, Buddleja davidii (Butterfl y Bush)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buddleja davidii Franchet (Synonym. Buddleia davidii; common name Butterfly bush) is a perennial, semi-deciduous shrub or small multi-stemmed tree that is resident in gardens and disturbed areas in temperate locations worldwide. Since its introduction to the United Kingdom from c...

  4. BUDDLEJA DAVIDII (BUTTERFLY BUSH): A GROWING THREAT TO RIPARIA?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buddleja davidii, an Asian shrub or small tree (family Buddlejaceae; commonly referred to as Butterfly bush) is found in the United States, New Zealand, Australia, and Europe as a popular ornamental and an aggressive invasive that has become widespread in floodplains, riverbeds, ...

  5. Bush kutsub ühte hoidma / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2004-01-01

    USA president George W. Bush kutsus liitlasriike hoidma oma väeüksusi Iraagis. Hispaania tulevane peaminister Jose Luis Rodriquez Zapatero lubas Hispaania sõjaväelased Iraagist ära tuua, kui operatsioonide juhtimine ei lähe USA-lt üle ÜRO-le. Vt. samas: Rumsfeld: hispaanlaste asemele tulevad teised

  6. Budgets come first as Bush chooses NASA head

    CERN Multimedia

    Schrope, M

    2001-01-01

    President Bush has nominated a budget expert with no aerospace or scientific background as the agency's administrator. Sean O'Keefe, formerly scrutinized overspending in the International Space Station programme. If appointed, he will have to implement reforms he himself recommended (1/2 page).

  7. Hyperelastic Modelling and Finite Element Analysing of Rubber Bushing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merve Yavuz ERKEK

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to obtain stiffness curves of rubber bushings which are used in automotive industry with hyperelastic finite element model. Hyperelastic material models were obtained with different material tests. Stress and strain values and static stiffness curves were determined. It is shown that, static stiffness curves are nonlinear. The level of stiffness affects the vehicle dynamics behaviour.

  8. Bush doctrine in the Middle East; The US foreign policy towards the Middle East during the George W. Bush presidency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukáš Hoder

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is focused at the most important elements of the US foreign policy towards the Middle East during the administration of George W. Bush (2001 – 2009. The text has two parts. The first part shows three important influences on creation and formulation of the US foreign policy towards the region. At the first place it was an effort to preserve unipolar character of the international system, hegemonic possition of the USA and its dominance in all regions. The second source was specific decision-making process set up by president Bush and the third source of the Bush strategy was a partial transformation of the US longtime policy towards the Middle East. The second part of the article discuss results of the Bush doctrine in the region. The text is focused at five most important consequences of the US foreign policy, which are the fight against proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the pursuit of the democratization throughout the region, the Israel-Palestinian conflict, regional “cold war” between Iran and Saudi Arabia and finally the struggle to stabilize the post-conflict Iraq.

  9. Comparative study of high voltage bushing designs suitable for apparatus containing cryogenic helium gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigo, H.; Graber, L.; Kwag, D. S.; Crook, D. G.; Trociewitz, B.

    2013-10-01

    The high voltage bushing forms a critical part of any termination on cables, transformers and other power system devices. Cryogenic entities such as superconducting cables or fault current limiters add more complexity to the design of the bushing. Even more complex are bushings designed for superconducting devices which are cooled by high pressure helium gas. When looking for a bushing suitable for dielectric cable tests in a helium gas cryostat no appropriate device could be found that fulfilled the criterion regarding partial discharge inception voltage level. Therefore we decided to design and manufacture a bushing in-house. In the present work we describe the dielectric tests and operational experience on three types of bushings: One was a modified commercially available ceramics feed through which we adopted for our special need. The second bushing was made of an epoxy resin, with an embedded copper squirrel cage arrangement at the flange, extending down about 30 cm into the cold end of the bushing. This feature reduced the electric field on the surface of the bushing to a negligible value. The third bushing was based on a hollow body consisting of glass fiber reinforced polymer and stainless steel filled with liquid nitrogen. The measurements showed that the dielectric quality of all three bushings exceeded the requirements for the intended purpose. The partial discharge (PD) data from these studies will be used for the design and fabrication of a cable termination for a specialized application on board a US Navy ship.

  10. Diversity of intersegmental auditory neurons in a bush cricket.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stumpner, Andreas; Molina, Jorge

    2006-12-01

    Various auditory interneurons of the duetting bush cricket Ancistrura nigrovittata with axons ascending to the brain are presented. In this species, more intersegmental sound-activated neurons have been identified than in any other bush cricket so far, among them a new type of ascending neuron with posterior soma in the prothoracic ganglion (AN4). These interneurons show not only morphological differences in the prothoracic ganglion and the brain, but also respond differently to carrier frequencies, intensity and direction. As a set of neurons, they show graded differences for all of these parameters. A response type not described among intersegmental neurons of crickets and other bush crickets so far is found in the AN3 neuron with a tonic response, broad frequency tuning and little directional dependence. All neurons, with the exception of AN3, respond in a relatively similar manner to the temporal patterns of the male song: phasically to high syllable repetitions and rhythmically to low syllable repetitions. The strongest coupling to the temporal pattern is found in TN1. In contrast to behavior the neuronal responses depend little on syllable duration. AN4, AN5 and TN1 respond well to the female song. AN4 (at higher intensities) and TN1 respond well to a complete duet.

  11. Like Father, Like Son? A Comparison of the Foreign Policies of George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc J. O'Reilly

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aplica aproximaciones cognitivas (por ejemplo, la del liderazgo y poliheurísticas a la toma de decisiones en política exterior para explicar las variaciones en las políticas de George H. W. Bush y George W. Bush. Yuxtaponer estos enfoques relacionados ilustra el cómo y el por qué del proceso  de toma de decisiones de los presidentes estadounidenses, proporcionando un sintético pero más trabajado, análisis en la comprensión de la política exterior, especialmente cuando ésta afecta a las presidencias. La sección inicial del artículo confronta las dos teorías. La siguiente sección examina decisiones importantes a través de estudios de caso (uno por cada administración. La sección final analiza las decisiones dentro del contexto teórico. Mientras que el artículo enfatiza el nivel individual de análisis, factores tanto estructurales como doméstico también serán tenidos en cuenta._______________________ABSTRACT:This article applies cognitive (i.e., leadership and poliheuristic approaches to foreign-policy decision making to explain variances in the policies of George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush. Juxtaposing these related approaches highlights the how and why of presidential decision making, providing a synthetic, though more cogent, understanding of foreign-policy analysis -- especially as it pertains to presidencies. The initial section of the article discusses the two theories. The following section examines important decisions via case studies – one for each administration. The final section analyzes the decisions in the context of the theories. While this article emphasizes the individual level of analysis, structural as well as domestic factors will also be discussed.

  12. George Bush peab sõjalist jõudu viimaseks valikuks / George W. Bush ; interv. Kaarel Kaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bush, George W., 1946-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik 7. mai 2005, lk. 2, Severnoje Poberezhje 7. mai, 2005, lk. 2. USA president George Bush andis 5. mail Valges Majas intervjuu kuuele Euroopa ajakirjanikule. 9. mai pidustustest Moskvas, USA-Läti, Venemaa-Balti riikide suhetest, demokraatiast Venemaal, Ameerika Ühendriikide ning Baltimaade viisarežiimist, vabaduse mõistestst, kinnipeetavate kohtlemisest Guantanamo sõjaväebaasis, relvade kasutamise vajadusest, terrorismist. Vt. samas: Kuidas usutlus võimalikuks sai

  13. Indigenous Methods in Preserving Bush Mango Kernels in Cameroon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zac Tchoundjeu

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Traditional practices for preserving Irvingia wombolu and Irvingia gabonensis (bush mango kernels were assessed in a survey covering twelve villages (Dongo, Bouno, Gribi [East], Elig-Nkouma, Nkom I, Ngoumou [Centre], Bidjap, Nko’ovos, Ondodo [South], Besong-Abang, Ossing and Kembong [Southwest], in the humid lowland forest zone of Cameroon. All the interviewed households that own trees of species were found to preserve kernels in periods of abundance, excluding Elig-Nkouma (87.5%. Eighty nine and 85% did so in periods of scarcity for I. wombolu and I. gabonensis respectively. Seventeen and twenty-nine kernel preservation practices were recorded for I. wombolu and I. gabonensis respectively. Most were based on continuous heating of the kernels or kernel by-products (cakes. The most commonly involved keeping the sun-dried kernels in a plastic bag on a bamboo rack hung above the fireplace in the kitchen. A 78% of interviews households reported preserving I. wombolu kernels for less than one year while 22% preserved it for more than one year with 1.9% for two years, the normal length of the off-season period for trees in the wild. Cakes wrapped with leaves and kept on a bamboo rack hung over the fireplace were reported by households in the East and South provinces to store Irvingia gabonensis longer (more than one year. Further studies on the utilization of heat for preserving and canning bush mango kernels are recommended.

  14. Vibration monitoring via nano-composite piezoelectric foam bushings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Evan T.; Merrell, A. Jake; Anderson, Brady K.; Newton, Cory N.; Rosquist, Parker G.; Fullwood, David T.; Bowden, Anton E.; Seeley, Matthew K.

    2016-11-01

    Most mechanical systems produce vibrations as an inherent side effect of operation. Though some vibrations are acceptable in operation, others can cause damage or signal a machine’s imminent failure. These vibrations would optimally be monitored in real-time, without human supervision to prevent failure and excessive wear in machinery. This paper explores a new alternative to currently-used machine-monitoring equipment, namely a piezoelectric foam sensor system. These sensors are made of a silicone-based foam embedded with nano- and micro-scale conductive particles. Upon impact, they emit an electric response that is directly correlated with impact energy, with no electrical power input. In the present work, we investigated their utility as self-sensing bushings on machinery. These sensors were found to accurately detect both the amplitude and frequency of typical machine vibrations. The bushings could potentially save time and money over other vibration sensing mechanisms, while simultaneously providing a potential control input that could be utilized for correcting vibrational imbalance.

  15. Does phenology distinguish bitter and sweet African bush mango trees (Irvingia spp., Irvingiaceae)?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vihotogbe, R.; Berg, van den R.G.; Bongers, F.; Sinsin, B.; Sosef, M.S.M.

    2014-01-01

    Key message This phenological analysis of bitter and sweet bush mango trees is part of their biosystematics. It supports the species distinction hypothesis postulated by Harris (Bull J Bot Nat Belg 65(1-2):143-196, 1996 ) and Lowe et al. (Mol Ecol 9:831-841, 2000 ). African Bush Mango trees are prio

  16. Assessing the Debt: George W. Bush's Legacy and the Future of Public Education under Barack Obama

    Science.gov (United States)

    Means, Alex; Taylor, Kendall

    2010-01-01

    This article utilizes Gloria Ladson-Billings' notion of educational debt in order to explore the historical, economic, and cultural politics of education reform under George W. Bush and Barack Obama. It tracks the No Child Left Behind Act across a number of fields in order to claim that Bush's expansion of the educational debt should be understood…

  17. Morphological Characterization of African Bush Mango trees (Irvingia species) in the Dahomey Gap (West Africa)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vihotogbe, R.; Berg, van den R.G.; Sosef, M.S.M.

    2013-01-01

    The variation of the morphological characters of bitter and sweet African bush mango trees (Irvingia species) was investigated in the Dahomey Gap which is the West African savannah woodland area separating the Upper and the Lower Guinean rain forest blocks. African bush mangoes have been rated as th

  18. Electrical insulation design and evaluation of 60 kV prototype condenser cone bushing for the superconducting equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Woo-Ju, E-mail: shinwooju@hanyang.ac.kr; Lee, Jong-Geon; Hwang, Jae-Sang; Seong, Jae-Kyu; Lee, Bang-Wook, E-mail: bangwook@hanyang.ac.kr

    2013-11-15

    Highlights: •The optimum design of condenser cone cryogenic bushing was investigated. •Multi-layer aluminum foils in the bushing insulation body was designed and analyzed. •The optimum electric field distribution was selected by simulation. •The 60 kV FRP condenser cone cryogenic bushing was fabricated and tested. •BIL test corresponding to IEC 60137 was successfully performed for the bushing. -- Abstract: A cryogenic bushing is an essential component to be developed for commercial applications of high voltage (HV) superconducting devices. Due to the steep temperature gradient of the ambient of cryogenic bushing, general gas bushing adopting SF6 gas as an insulating media could not be directly used due to the freezing of SF6 gas. Therefore, condenser type bushing with special material considering cryogenic environment would be better choice for superconducting equipment. Considering these circumstance, we focused on the design of condenser bushing made of fiber reinforced plastic (FRP). In case of the design of the condenser bushing, it is very important to reduce the electric field intensification on the mounted flange part of the cryostat, which is the most vulnerable part of bushings. In this paper, design factors of cryogenic bushing were analyzed, and finally 60 kV condenser bushing was fabricated and tested. In order to achieve optimal electric field configuration, the configuration of condenser cone was determined using 2D electric field simulation results. Based on the experimental and the analytical works, 60 kV FRP condenser bushing was fabricated. Finally, the fabricated condenser bushing has been tested by applying lightning impulse and AC overvoltage test. From the test results, it was possible to get satisfactory results which confirm the design of cryogenic bushing in cryogenic environment.

  19. Bush Encroachment Mapping for Africa - Multi-Scale Analysis with Remote Sensing and GIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graw, V. A. M.; Oldenburg, C.; Dubovyk, O.

    2015-12-01

    Bush encroachment describes a global problem which is especially facing the savanna ecosystem in Africa. Livestock is directly affected by decreasing grasslands and inedible invasive species which defines the process of bush encroachment. For many small scale farmers in developing countries livestock represents a type of insurance in times of crop failure or drought. Among that bush encroachment is also a problem for crop production. Studies on the mapping of bush encroachment so far focus on small scales using high-resolution data and rarely provide information beyond the national level. Therefore a process chain was developed using a multi-scale approach to detect bush encroachment for whole Africa. The bush encroachment map is calibrated with ground truth data provided by experts in Southern, Eastern and Western Africa. By up-scaling location specific information on different levels of remote sensing imagery - 30m with Landsat images and 250m with MODIS data - a map is created showing potential and actual areas of bush encroachment on the African continent and thereby provides an innovative approach to map bush encroachment on the regional scale. A classification approach links location data based on GPS information from experts to the respective pixel in the remote sensing imagery. Supervised classification is used while actual bush encroachment information represents the training samples for the up-scaling. The classification technique is based on Random Forests and regression trees, a machine learning classification approach. Working on multiple scales and with the help of field data an innovative approach can be presented showing areas affected by bush encroachment on the African continent. This information can help to prevent further grassland decrease and identify those regions where land management strategies are of high importance to sustain livestock keeping and thereby also secure livelihoods in rural areas.

  20. Are Our President Learning? Unpacking the Enthymematic Connections in the Speech Mistakes of President George W. Bush

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinlan, Margaret M.; Bates, Benjamin R.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore public interpretations of President George W. Bush's speaking errors. One interpretation of Bush's speech mistakes offered in the media is that he may have dyslexia. Therefore, we explore how an enthymeme using markers of dyslexia as a sign of bad leadership has been used to frame Bush's speaking errors. We…

  1. Development of a remote bushing for actinide vitrification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schumacher, R.F.; Ramsey, W.G.; Johnson, F.M. [and others

    1996-12-31

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) and the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) are combining their existing experience in handling highly radioactive, special nuclear materials with commercial glass fiberization technology in order to assemble a small vitrification system for radioactive actinide solutions. The vitrification system or {open_quotes}brushing{close_quotes}, is fabricated from platinum-rhodium alloy and is based on early marble remelt fiberization technology. Advantages of this unique system include its relatively small size, reliable operation, geometrical safety (nuclear criticality), and high temperature capability. The bushing design should be capable of vitrifying a number of the actinide nuclear materials, including solutions of americium/curium, neptunium, and possibly plutonium. State of the art, mathematical and oil model studies are being combined with basic engineering evaluations to verify and improve the thermal and mechanical design concepts.

  2. Low-Cost Production of Composite Bushings for Jet Engine Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Robert A.

    1998-01-01

    The objectives of this research program were to reduce the manufacturing costs of variable stator vane bushings by 1) eliminating the expensive carbon fiber braiding operation, 2) replacing the batch mode impregnation, B-stage, and cutting operations with a continuous process, and 3) reducing the molding cycle and machining operations with injection molding to achieve near-net shapes. Braided bushings were successfully fabricated with both AMB-17XLD and AMB-TPD resin systems. The composite bushings achieved high glass transition temperature after post-cure (+300 C) and comparable weight loss to the PNM-15 bushings. ANM-17XLD bushings made with "batch-mode" molding compound (at 0.5 in. fiber length) achieved a +300 lb-force flange break strength which was superior to the continuous braided-fiber reinforced bushing. The non-MDA resin technology developed in this contract appears attractive for bushing applications that do not exceed a 300 C use temperature. Two thermoplastic polyimide resins were synthesized in order to generate injection molding compound powders. Excellent processing results were obtained at injection temperatures in excess of 300 C. Micro-tensile specimens were produced from each resin type and the Tg measurements (by TMA) for these samples were equivalent to AURUM(R). Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) conducted at 10 C/min showed that the non-MDA AMB-type polyimide thermoplastics had comparable weight loss to PMR-15 up to 500 C.

  3. Big data integration shows Australian bush-fire frequency is increasing significantly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, Ritaban; Das, Aruneema; Aryal, Jagannath

    2016-01-01

    Increasing Australian bush-fire frequencies over the last decade has indicated a major climatic change in coming future. Understanding such climatic change for Australian bush-fire is limited and there is an urgent need of scientific research, which is capable enough to contribute to Australian society. Frequency of bush-fire carries information on spatial, temporal and climatic aspects of bush-fire events and provides contextual information to model various climate data for accurately predicting future bush-fire hot spots. In this study, we develop an ensemble method based on a two-layered machine learning model to establish relationship between fire incidence and climatic data. In a 336 week data trial, we demonstrate that the model provides highly accurate bush-fire incidence hot-spot estimation (91% global accuracy) from the weekly climatic surfaces. Our analysis also indicates that Australian weekly bush-fire frequencies increased by 40% over the last 5 years, particularly during summer months, implicating a serious climatic shift. PMID:26998312

  4. Artificial Neural Network and Rough Set for HV Bushings Condition Monitoring

    CERN Document Server

    Mpanza, LJ

    2011-01-01

    Most transformer failures are attributed to bushings failures. Hence it is necessary to monitor the condition of bushings. In this paper three methods are developed to monitor the condition of oil filled bushing. Multi-layer perceptron (MLP), Radial basis function (RBF) and Rough Set (RS) models are developed and combined through majority voting to form a committee. The MLP performs better that the RBF and the RS is terms of classification accuracy. The RBF is the fasted to train. The committee performs better than the individual models. The diversity of models is measured to evaluate their similarity when used in the committee.

  5. Design and Range of Application of Slot Bushings with Volumetric Orifice Fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ULYBYSHEV V. V.; VASEKIN V. V.; PERELMAN S. L.

    2012-01-01

    A design of a slot bushing with a volumetric field has been developed,which allows to produce continuous fibers from melts with difficult processing characteristics in order to produce fibers with better operating characteristics.The operability of the design was confirrned when solving two problems of special technological complexity.1.400- and 800-orifice bushings for production of continuous fibers from the basalt melt have been developed and recommended for manufacture.2.The process of production of continuous fibers from standard glass using 2400-orifice bushing with perforated plates instead of orifice tips without air cooling,has been realized for the first time.

  6. Ant Colony Optimization of Rough Set for HV Bushings Fault Detection

    CERN Document Server

    Mpanza, J L

    2011-01-01

    Most transformer failures are attributed to bushings failures. Hence it is necessary to monitor the condition of bushings. In this paper three methods are developed to monitor the condition of oil filled bushing. Multi-layer perceptron (MLP), Radial basis function (RBF) and Rough Set (RS) models are developed and combined through majority voting to form a committee. The MLP performs better that the RBF and the RS is terms of classification accuracy. The RBF is the fasted to train. The committee performs better than the individual models. The diversity of models is measured to evaluate their similarity when used in the committee.

  7. Condition Monitoring of HV Bushings in the Presence of Missing Data Using Evolutionary Computing

    CERN Document Server

    Dhlamini, Sizwe M; Marwala, Tshilidzi

    2007-01-01

    The work proposes the application of neural networks with particle swarm optimisation (PSO) and genetic algorithms (GA) to compensate for missing data in classifying high voltage bushings. The classification is done using DGA data from 60966 bushings based on IEEEc57.104, IEC599 and IEEE production rates methods for oil impregnated paper (OIP) bushings. PSO and GA were compared in terms of accuracy and computational efficiency. Both GA and PSO simulations were able to estimate missing data values to an average 95% accuracy when only one variable was missing. However PSO rapidly deteriorated to 66% accuracy with two variables missing simultaneously, compared to 84% for GA. The data estimated using GA was found to classify the conditions of bushings than the PSO.

  8. Complications of bush thoracotomy in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, J; Tharion, J

    1995-03-01

    Bush thoracotomy is still practised in the South Western Highlands of Papua New Guinea, by traditional bush doctors. These bush thoracotomies are performed with the aim of letting out the 'bad blood' that is believed to have collected in the body cavities following injuries. During a 3 year period between 1989 and 1992, 183 patients with complications of bush thoracotomy were treated at the Sopas Hospital in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea. Of these patients, 55 had chest wall infections only, without any pleural involvement. Of the patients with empyemas, 14 were treated by decortication of the empyema with one death and all remaining patients were treated by drainage procedures with one death. We recommend early treatment by adequate drainage of the empyema and, where feasible, early decortication. Continuing education to eradicate the procedure, and provision of adequate surgical facilities for management of complications, should be the long-term aim for this continuing problem.

  9. Parasabella Bush, 1905, replacement name for the polychaete genus Demonax Kinberg, 1867 (Annelida, Polychaeta, Sabellidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Tovar-Hernández

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Parasabella Bush, 1905 is reintroduced as a replacement name for Demonax Kinberg, 1867 (Annelida: Polychaeta: Sabellidae which is a junior homonym of Demonax Thomson, 1860 (Insecta: Coleoptera: Cerambycidae.

  10. Understanding the causes of bush encroachment in Africa: The key to effective management of savanna grasslands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olaotswe E. Kgosikoma

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The increase in biomass and abundance of woody plant species, often thorny or unpalatable, coupled with the suppression of herbaceous plant cover, is a widely recognized form of rangeland degradation. Bush encroachment therefore has the potential to compromise rural livelihoods in Africa, as many depend on the natural resource base. The causes of bush encroachment are not without debate, but fire, herbivory, nutrient availability and rainfall patterns have been shown to be the key determinants of savanna vegetation structure and composition. In this paper, these determinants are discussed, with particular reference to arid and semi-arid environments of Africa. To improve our current understanding of causes of bush encroachment, an integrated approach, involving ecological and indigenous knowledge systems, is proposed. Only through our knowledge of causes of bush encroachment, both direct and indirect, can better livelihood adjustments be made, or control measures and restoration of savanna ecosystem functioning be realized.

  11. K-Dimension and H(o)lder Exponent for Bush Type Fractal Functions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Hongyong

    2006-01-01

    Bush type fractal functions were defined by means of the expression of Cantor series of real numbers. The upper and lower bound estimates for the K-dimension of such functions were given. In a typical case, the fractal dimensional relations in which the K-dimension equals the box dimension and packing dimension were presented; moreover, the exact H(o)lder exponent were obtained for such Bush type functions.

  12. Development of Partial Discharge Sensing Device for Epoxy Resin Bushing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutakamihigashi, Tatsuya; Kawasaki, Makoto; Hashiba, Yasuhito

    For the electric power equipment and the cables, prevention of accident is very important. And in substations, a lot of solid insulations using epoxy resin are introduced into cubicle-type switchgears because of its high insulation reliability and down-sizing ability. We know a phenomenon that partial discharge occur when electric installation have degraded. When void or crack exist in the polymer insulating materials or interface of conductor, partial discharge is caused and finally results in breakdown. In recent years, the feature is seen in the partial discharge generated in the epoxy resin before and after the progress of electric tree by our research. Electro-magnetic wave spectra radiated from partial discharge have specific frequency region from 200MHz to 450MHz. We developed the sensing device that can detect the electric discharge by receiving the signal by mobile antenna. We proved the performance of this equipment in operating substations; As a result, partial discharge in epoxy resin was detected by electro-magnetic wave. And then, we removed epoxy resin bushing from the cubicle and measured partial discharge by discharging current, we confirmed that presumed level is correct.

  13. Application of desirability function for optimizing the performance characteristics of carbonitrided bushes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boby John

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The performance of a product is generally characterized by more than one response variable. Hence the management often faces the problem of simultaneous optimization of many response variables. This study was undertaken to simultaneously optimize the surface hardness and case depth of carbonitrided bushes. Even though lots of literature has been published on various methodologies for tackling the multi-response optimization problem, the simultaneous optimization of heat treated properties of carbonitrided bushes are not reported yet. In this research the effect of four factors and two interactions on surface hardness and case depth of carbontirded bushes were studied using design of experiments. Based on the experimental results, the expected values of the heat treated properties of the bushes were estimated for all possible combination of factors. Then the best combination which, simultaneously optimized the response variables, was arrived at using desirability function. The study showed that the optimum combination obtained through desirability function approach not only minimized the variation around the targets of surface hardness and case depth but also was superior to the ones obtained by optimizing the response variables separately. Moreover this study provides a useful and effective approach to design the production process to manufacture bushes with customer specified surface hardness and case depth targets.

  14. Effects of hedgerows on bats and bush crickets at different spatial scales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacoeuilhe, Aurélie; Machon, Nathalie; Julien, Jean-François; Kerbiriou, Christian

    2016-02-01

    Biodiversity is threatened by the loss and fragmentation of habitats. The role of hedgerows in maintaining biodiversity is well established, but few studies have addressed the importance for biodiversity of the intrinsic characteristics of hedgerows and the quality of hedgerow networks along a spatial scale. We examined three quality indices providing information at different territorial levels: density in the landscape, structural diversity and wood production. We performed an acoustic survey in a grassland to estimate the species abundance and community composition of bats (9 taxa) and bush crickets (11 species). Using an approach based on species and traits, we assessed how hedgerow quality influenced the activity of these taxa at different spatial scales (from 50 to 1000 m) and focused on three types of traits: bush cricket mobility ability, bat foraging strategy and habitat specialization. In general, our results showed the importance of hedgerow quality for bats and bush crickets, but the strength of the association between taxa and hedgerows varied substantially among the species and the spatial scales. Although it depends on the taxa, the production, density and structural diversity of hedgerows each had an overall positive effect. Our results suggested that these effects were generally more important at large scales. The scale effect of the production index is the best predictor of activity for bat and bush cricket taxa and traits. Our results showed the importance of hedgerow quality for the ecology of bat and bush cricket communities and could be used to improve conservation management.

  15. Pauvreté et politique sociale : le bilan des années Bush  Poverty and Public Policy: An Assessment of the Bush Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taoufik Djebali

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Neuf jours après son investiture, G. W. Bush lançait son programme relatif aux Faith-Based Initiatives (FBI, une partie prenante de son « conservatisme compatissant ». Les FBI constituent une rupture avec la tradition monétariste reaganienne, même si elles s’appuient sur le rejet de l’État et la réduction du budget social. Le rôle des FBI est d’aider les organisations caritatives, notamment religieuses, à s’investir davantage dans le travail social.  Le bilan de la politique sociale de G. Bush est plutôt mitigé. La pauvreté a fortement augmenté et les promesses budgétaires en faveur des Faith-Based Organizations n’ont pas été tenues. Pire, les accusations contre les dérives des FBI fusent. L’administration Bush est accusée d’avoir utilisé les FBI et l’argent public pour obtenir des gains politiques et mettre en place un système de financement occulte en faveur des républicains et leurs alliés.Nine days after he was sworn in, Bush launched his social program, the Faith-Based Initiatives (FBI, a major component of his “compassionate conservatism.” The FBI constituted a break with the Reagan monetarist tradition, even if they are motivated by the withdrawal of the State and the reduction of the social budget. The role of the FBI is to help charities, in particular religious organizations, to invest more in social work. On the whole, the social policy implemented during the Bush years is evaluated negatively. Poverty increased rapidly and the financial promises in favor of the Faith-Based Organizations were not kept. Worse, new revelations have been disclosed. The Bush administration is accused of having used the FBI and public money to make political gains and set up an obscure funding system that benefited the Republicans and their political allies.

  16. Description of the nest, eggs, and nestling of Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrants ( Myiotheretes fuscorufus )

    OpenAIRE

    Londoño, Gustavo Adolfo

    2015-01-01

    The Myiotheretes bush-tyrants are a small clade of Neotropical flycatchers (family: Tyrannidae) localized to narrow elevational strips in the Andes Mountains. Here, we describe the first reported nest of Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrants (Myiotheretes fuscorufus). It was a large cup nest lined with Usnea lichen and elevated on a sheltered rock ledge behind a flowering Puya bromeliad at 2,985 m asl in the buffer zone of Manu National Park, Peru. We provide a near-complete history of the nest from eg...

  17. The Reclamation of Theological Integrity: L. Russ Bush III and Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1989-1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duesing, Jason G.

    2010-01-01

    This paper seeks to argue that the life and work of L. Russ Bush III (1944-2008) made a significant contribution in the return of the Southern Baptist Convention to its theologically conservative heritage specifically in the early reformation of Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary from theological liberalism. That is, through Bush's…

  18. "One More Time, Let Me Justify This War": An Analysis of President Bush's Declaration of Days of Thanksgiving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Kevin T.

    President Bush's declaration of April 5-7, 1991 as National Days of Thanksgiving is a unique example of Presidential civil religious discourse: no other President has ever made such a declaration to thank God for a victory in war. Whether he intended to or not, President Bush engaged in a rhetorical form which allowed him to manipulate a very…

  19. Systematic notes on Asian birds. 1. A review of the russet bush-warbler Bradypterus seebohmi (Ogilvie-Grant, 1895)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dickinson, E.C.; Rasmussen, P.C.; Round, P.D.; Rozendaal, F.G.

    2000-01-01

    The bush-warbler Bradypterus mandelli (Brooks, 1875) was described from Sikkim, and numerous specimens from India were identified with it, but it was synonymised with the brown bush-warbler Bradypterus luteoventris (Hodgson, 1845) in 1881. In 1952, east Asian populations were grouped under the name

  20. 关于一类Bush型分形曲面的维数分析%DIMENSION ANALYSIS ON A CLASS OF BUSH TYPE FRACTAL SURFACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    In this paper,the authors construct a class of fractal surfaces,Bush type surfaces,based on the Bush type functions.The Box dimension,Packing dimension and Hausdorff dimension of such surfaces are investigated.

  1. A finite element analysis of a large thrust elastic metal-plastics bearing bush for a hydraulic turbine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Presents the study on the pressure and friction fields of the lubricant film on the surface of a large thrust elastic metal-plastic bearing bush in a hydraulic turbine using the method of finite element analysis and the stress and displacement fields in the vertical direction of the bush surface obtained to provide a theoretical basis for the design of contour lines and investigation into the causes for destruction of bushes, and concludes with test results that 1 ) the stress on the surface of the bush is not uniform; 2) a tension stress tends to occur near the oil ingress and egress edges but it is minor; 3) the biggest displacement in the vertical direction appears where x = 84 and Y = 1 153 and has a value of 0.022 mm; 4) the deformation of the bearing bush is harmful to the maintenance of lubricant film.

  2. Mould and mycotoxin exposure assessment of melon and bush mango seeds, two common soup thickeners consumed in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezekiel, Chibundu N; Sulyok, Michael; Somorin, Yinka; Odutayo, Foluke I; Nwabekee, Stella U; Balogun, Afeez T; Krska, Rudolf

    2016-11-21

    An examination of the mould and fungal metabolite pattern in melon and bush mango seeds locally produced in Nigeria was undertaken in order to understand the mycotoxicological risk posed to consumers of both of these important and commonly consumed soup thickeners. The variation in mycotoxin levels in graded categories of both foodstuffs were also determined. Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, Mucorales and Trichoderma were the recovered fungi from the foodstuffs with Aspergillus species dominating (melon=97.8%; bush mango=89.9%). Among the Aspergillus species identified Aspergillus section Flavi dominated (melon: 72%; bush mango: 57%) and A. flavus, A. parasiticus, A. parvisclerotigenus and A. tamarii were the recovered species. About 56% and 73% of the A. flavus isolates from melon and bush mango seed samples, respectively were aflatoxigenic. Thirty-four and 59 metabolites including notable mycotoxins were found in the melon and bush mango seeds respectively. Mean aflatoxin levels (μg/kg) in melon (aflatoxin B1 (AFB1)=37.5 and total aflatoxins=142) and bush mango seeds (AFB1=68.1 and total aflatoxins=61.7) were higher than other mycotoxins, suggesting potential higher exposure for consumer populations. Significantly (pmycotoxins were found in hand-peeled melon and discoloured bush mango seeds than in machine-peeled melon and non-discoloured seeds except for HT-2 and T-2 toxins which occurred conversely. All melon and bush mango seeds exceeded the 2μg/kg AFB1 limit whereas all melon and 55% of bush mango seeds exceeded the 4μg/kg total aflatoxin EU limit adopted in Nigeria. This is the first report of (1) mycotoxin co-occurrence in bush mango seeds, (2) cyclopiazonic acid, HT-2 toxin, moniliformin, mycophenolic acid, T-2 toxin and tenuazonic acid occurrence, and (3) mycotoxin exposure assessment of both foodstuffs.

  3. La politique commerciale de George W. Bush : rupture ou continuité ? American Trade Policy under George W. Bush: Continuity or Change?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Baptiste Velut

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article se propose de dresser un bilan critique de la politique commerciale du Président George W. Bush. Dans un premier temps, il compare les perspectives idéologiques et les ambitions politiques du leader républicain à celles de son prédécesseur démocrate, Bill Clinton, avant de mettre l’accent sur les nouvelles données du contexte politique et économique des années 2000. Ces éléments introductifs serviront de fondations, d’une part, pour l’étude de la gestion des relations commerciales entre les États-Unis et leurs principaux partenaires économiques, et d’autre part pour l’analyse de la stratégie de « libéralisation compétitive » adoptée par George W. Bush aux niveaux multilatéral, régional et bilatéral. L’objectif est double : déterminer les lignes de rupture et de continuité entre le président républicain et son prédécesseur ; et établir un bilan des principales initiatives commerciales lancées par l’administration Bush dans le but de mieux comprendre les nouveaux défis intérieurs et internationaux auxquels son successeur sera confronté.This article offers a critical assessment of American trade policy under George W. Bush. It begins by comparing his views and political ambitions with those of his Democratic predecessor, Bill Clinton, before highlighting the new political and economic context of the 2000s. These elements provide crucial background, first to study the evolution of America’s relations with its top trading partners and second to analyze the strategy of “competitive liberalization” undertaken by the administration at the multilateral, regional and bilateral levels. This article has two objectives: 1 determining trends of continuity and change between George W. Bush and his predecessor; 2 assessing the trade policy initiatives undertaken by the Republican administration in order to understand the domestic and international challenges with which the next President

  4. I'm Not Sure What George Bush Has to Do with Hitler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pogorelskin, Alexis

    2005-01-01

    Alexis Pogorelskin, an associate professor at the University of Minnesota Duluth and chair of the History Department, recounts her experience in 2004 after making a controversial comment in her History of the Holocaust and 20th Century Russia class. Her comment was in reference to President Bush making no mention in the 2000 campaign about the…

  5. Southern Methodist's Bush-Library Deal Mollifies Some Critics, but Doubts Persist about Think Tank

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, David

    2008-01-01

    Southern Methodist University has released the terms of its agreement with the George W. Bush Presidential Library Foundation to house the president's official library and museum. To some faculty members, the most troubling element of the project is a conservative policy institute that will be affiliated with the library and museum. Unlike similar…

  6. George W. Bush at Goree Island: American Slavery and the Rhetoric of Redemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medhurst, Martin J.

    2010-01-01

    On July 8, 2003, at Goree Island, Senegal, George W. Bush delivered the most important speech on American slavery since Abraham Lincoln. As an example of rhetorical artistry, the speech is a masterpiece, putting the brutality of slavery into historical, political, and theological perspective. Although the speech had deliberative effects--it grew…

  7. Acoustic analysis reveals a new cryptic bush-cricket in the Carpathian Mountains (Orthoptera, Phaneropteridae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iorgu, Ionuţ Ştefan

    2012-01-01

    A new morphologically cryptic species of phaneropterid bush-cricket from the genus Isophya is described from the Eastern Carpathian Mountains: Isophya dochiasp. n. Sound analysis and morphological details are discussed in the paper comparing the new species with several Isophya species having similar morphology and acoustic behavior.

  8. Obamas opgør med Bush låser ham i dronekrig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulrich, Philip Christian

    2013-01-01

    En helt central del af Obamas valgkamp i 2008 var et opgør med dele af Bush administrationens krig mod terror. Obama er dog blevet fanget i en kontroversiel dronepolitik på grund af hans manglende succes med de indenrigspolitiske aspekter af opgøret...

  9. Putin, Bush issue statement on advancing US-Russian human contacts

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    "In addition to interstate, bilateral, regional and global issues discussed by Russian President Vladimir Putin and US President George Bush during their Kremlin summit on 24 May, the two leaders considered issues related to people-to-people contacts, ties between cities, states and regions, institutions and organizations" (1 page).

  10. William Bennett and the "Good War" against Drugs: Doublespeak and the Bush Administration's Hidden Agenda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massey, Tom

    This paper contends that former Secretary of Education William Bennett's "war on drugs" (he now directs the government's campaign against drugs) is not being waged against those who sell and use drugs, but against the civil liberties of everyone. The paper maintains that under the guise of ridding society of what President Bush called…

  11. A Functional Analysis of the 1988 Bush-Dukakis Presidential Debates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benoit, William L.; Brazeal, LeAnn M.

    2002-01-01

    Applies the Functional Theory of Political Campaign Discourse to the 1988 presidential debates between George Bush and Michael Dukakis. Challenges the notion that this campaign was mostly negative. Concludes that despite the belief that modern campaigns are devoid of substance, these debates stressed policy about twice as much as character. (SG)

  12. The political impact of WTO rules : steel tariffs and the Bush administration / William L Burns

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Burns, William L

    2004-01-01

    USA president George W. Bush kuulutas märtsis 2002 välja 30-protsendilise tolli kehtestamise suurele osale teraseimpordist eesmärgiga aidata Ameerika terasetööstusel kohaneda välismaise terase sisseveoga. Poliitiliselt mõjuvõimas Ühendriikide terasetööstus on tollide rakendamist nõudnud juba neli aastat

  13. Bush keeldub vägede Iraagist taandumise tähtajaga nõustumast

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    USA president George Bush pani veto Kongressis heaks kiidetud seadusele, mille kohaselt eraldataks sõjapidamiseks Iraagis veel 100 miljardit dollarit, kuid tingimusel, et USA vägede väljatoomist alustataks sel aastal ning see lõppeks 2008. aasta 31. märtsiks

  14. Superheroes and the Bush doctrine: narrative and politics in post­-9/11 discourse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hassler-Forest, D.A.

    2011-01-01

    Dan Hassler-Forest onderzocht de manier waarop de Amerikaanse politiek samenvloeit met populaire cultuur. De centrale figuur hierin is de superheld, die fungeert als een symbolische belichaming voor de conflicterende fantasieën die de jaren van het presidentschap van George W. Bush in de Verenigde S

  15. Bush jättis püüne Putinile / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2007-01-01

    Politoloog tõdeb, et USA president George W. Bush lahkus enne lõppu Aasia-Vaikse ookeani majanduskoostöö organisatsiooni (APEC) tippkohtumiselt ja külastas Iraaki, et kinnitada maailmale Iraagi sõja vajalikkust. Vene president Vladimir Putin tugevdas Vene positsioone maailmas, andes krediiti Indoneesiale Vene laevade ja lennukite ostuks ning sõlmides uraaniostulepingu Austraaliaga

  16. The End of the Bush-Obama Regulatory Approach to School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Paul E.

    2016-01-01

    At the turn of the century, the United States was trying to come to grips with a serious education crisis. The country was lagging behind its international peers, and a half-century effort to erode racial disparities in school achievement had made little headway. Many people expected action from the federal government. George W. Bush and Barack…

  17. Bush mõistis hukka moslemite vägivaldsed meeleavaldused / Kaarel Kaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaas, Kaarel, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    USA president Georg W. Bush ja välisminister Condoleezza Rice mõistavad hukka moslemite vägivaldsed meeleavaldused, kuid mitte nende ajendiks olnud Muhamedi pilavad karikatuurid ning leiavad, et Iraan ja Süüria kasutavad pilapiltide skandaali oma poliitiliste eesmärkide saavutamiseks

  18. Bush lubas al-Zarqawi järglase kinni püüda / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2006-01-01

    USA president George W. Bush teatas, et tapetud terrorivõrgustiku al Qaeda Iraagi haru liidri Abu Musab al-Zarqawi järglaseks nimetatud Abu Hamsa al-Muhajir on kuulutatud enim tagaotsitavaks terroristiks

  19. [Brood parasitism and egg mimicry on Brownish-flanked Bush Warbler (Cettia fortipes) by Lesser Cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Can-Chao; Cai, Yan; Liang, Wei

    2010-10-01

    Nest fate of Brownish-flanked Bush Warbler (Cettia fortipes) was conducted in breeding seasons from 1999 to 2009 in Kuankuoshui Natural Reserve, Guizhou province. Predation rate, parasitism rate, hatching success, nesting success and reproductive success were surveyed and egg color was quantified using spectrophotometer. Principal component analysis, reflectance spectrum and Robinson Project were used to analyze the egg color of bush warbler and egg mimicry of Lesser Cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus) in parasitized nests. Our results indicated that the Brownish-flanked Bush Warbler suffered from high predation rate and relatively high parasitism rate of 49.26% and 9.18%, respectively. Reflectance analysis showed that the hue and chroma of Lesser Cuckoo eggs were highly mimetic but the egg brightness and ultraviolet reflectance were different from the bush warbler.

  20. Harmonic amplitude dependent dynamic stiffness of hydraulic bushings: Alternate nonlinear models and experimental validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fredette, Luke; Dreyer, Jason T.; Rook, Todd E.; Singh, Rajendra

    2016-06-01

    The dynamic stiffness properties of automotive hydraulic bushings exhibit significant amplitude sensitivity which cannot be captured by linear time-invariant models. Quasi-linear and nonlinear models are therefore proposed with focus on the amplitude sensitivity in magnitude and loss angle spectra (up to 50 Hz). Since production bushing model parameters are unknown, dynamic stiffness tests and laboratory experiments are utilized to extract model parameters. Nonlinear compliance and resistance elements are incorporated, including their interactions in order to improve amplitude sensitive predictions. New solution approximations for the new nonlinear system equations refine the multi-term harmonic balance term method. Quasi-linear models yield excellent accuracy but cannot predict trends in amplitude sensitivity since they rely on available dynamic stiffness measurements. Nonlinear models containing both nonlinear resistance and compliance elements yield superior predictions to those of prior models (with a single nonlinearity) while also providing more physical insight. Suggestion for further work is briefly mentioned.

  1. The effect of mate removal on dawn singing behaviour in male pied bush chats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Vinaya Kumar SETHI; Dinesh BHATT; Amit KUMAR

    2011-01-01

    To determine the influence of pairing status on dawn singing behaviour in pied bush chats Saxicola caprata, we conducted mate removal experiments across eight territories. The experiment was divided into three stages: pre-removal (pairs were present on theit respective territories), removal (females were experimentally removed), and returned (females were released into the focal pairs' territories). Dawn bout length, song rate, song complexity, percentage performance time, song perch height, and distance of singing location to territory boundary were measured for each male during each experimental stage. We did not find an effect of mate removal on any dawn song characteristics of male pied bush chats suggesting that the presence or absence of a mate does not influence male dawn singing behaviour. Our findings further suggest that males use dawn chorus to mediate social relationships with neighbouring males to proclaim an established territory.

  2. Earthquake Response and Isolation Layer Parameter Effect of Seismic Isolation Systems of Transformers With Bushings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Meigen; ZHOU Fulin; TAN Ping; ZHANG Guangping; GAO Zhengguo

    2012-01-01

    Seismic damage data and experiences on power transformers at home and abroad indicate that the destruction type of high-power transformers is various and the vulnerability is very high. Furthermore, the post-disaster reconstruction of transformers, which needs a long recovery cycle and a high cost, will be very difficult. Studies have shown that the acceleration response of the transformer and bushings will be quickly reduced and seismic reliability of transformer will be improved because there is one seismic isolation layer between the bottom of transformer tank and the base which form the seismic isolation system of the transformer and bushings (SISTB). But isolation layer design and parameters selection of SISTB have larger difference with general structures.

  3. (+)-Larreatricin hydroxylase, an enantio-specific polyphenol oxidase from the creosote bush (Larrea tridentata).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Man-Ho; Moinuddin, Syed G A; Helms, Gregory L; Hishiyama, Shojiro; Eichinger, Dietmar; Davin, Laurence B; Lewis, Norman G

    2003-09-16

    An enantio-specific polyphenol oxidase (PPO) was purified approximately 1,700-fold to apparent homogeneity from the creosote bush (Larrea tridentata), and its encoding gene was cloned. The posttranslationally processed PPO ( approximately 43 kDa) has a central role in the biosynthesis of the creosote bush 8-8' linked lignans, whose representatives, such as nordihydroguaiaretic acid and its congeners, have potent antiviral, anticancer, and antioxidant properties. The PPO primarily engenders the enantio-specific conversion of (+)-larreatricin into (+)-3'-hydroxylarreatricin, with the regiochemistry of catalysis being unambiguously established by different NMR spectroscopic analyses; the corresponding (-)-enantiomer did not serve as a substrate. This enantio-specificity for a PPO, a representative of a widespread class of enzymes, provides additional insight into their actual physiological roles that hitherto have been difficult to determine.

  4. Bush Blitz aids description of three new species and a new genus of Australian beeflies (Diptera, Bombyliidae, Exoprosopini)

    OpenAIRE

    Christine Lambkin; Justin Bartlett

    2011-01-01

    Bush Blitz is a three-year multimillion dollar program to document the plants and animals in hundreds of properties across Australia’s National Reserve System. The core focus is on nature discovery – identifying and describing new species of plants and animals. The Bush Blitz program has enabled the collection and description of beeflies (Diptera, Bombyliidae) from surveys in Western Australia and Queensland. Three new species of Australian beeflies belonging to the Exoprosopini a...

  5. Process development of making bearings and bushings from continuous-cast SAE 660 bronze alloy plate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chill, J. L.

    A process for making bearings and bushings offers considerable potential. The ability to minimize machining and scrap loss, especially for middle and large diameter bearings, should help to lower manufacturing costs appreciably. In addition, the substantial improvement of mechanical properties resulting from rolling offers the increased performance over as-cast SAE 660 bronze bearings in terms of better load carrying ability and wear resistance.

  6. Design of 154 kV Extra-High-Voltage Prototype SF6 Bushing for Superconducting Electric Power Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koo, Ja-yoon; Seong, Jae-gyu; Hwang, Jae-sang; Lee, Bang-wook; Lee, Sang-hwa

    2012-09-01

    One of the critical components to be developed for high-voltage superconducting devices, such as superconducting transformers, cables, and fault current limiters, is a high-voltage bushing to supply a high current to devices without insulation difficulties in cryogenic environments. Unfortunately, suitable bushings for high-temperature-superconductivity (HTS) equipment have not been fully developed to address cryogenic insulation issues. As a fundamental step towards developing the optimum design of the 154 kV prototype SF6 bushing of HTS devices, the puncture and creepage breakdown voltages of glass-fiber-reinforced-plastic (GFRP) were analyzed with a variety of configurations of electrodes and gap distances in the insulation material. And design factors of high-voltage cryogenic bushings were obtained from the result of tests. Finally, the withstand voltage tests of manufacturing a 154 kV extra-high-voltage (EHV) prototype bushing has been performed. Consequently, we verified the insulation level of the newly designed 154 kV EHV cryogenic prototype bushings for superconducting electric power applications.

  7. Adequacy of mineral contents of raw and plain sticky sauce of common and bush okra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moyib Oluwasayo Kehinde

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In Nigeria, common okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. and bush okra (Corchorus olitorius L. are popular mucilage vegetables used as sticky sauce for easy consumption of starchy staples.Both raw vegetables and sticky sauce of common as well as bush okra were estimated for their potential in the provision of daily dietary allowance of important minerals. Modified methods of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC were used to estimate the assessed minerals.The results showed that the raw and sticky sauce of assessed common and bush okra contained appreciable levels and essential minerals, but are not adequate to meet recommended dietary allowance, except for Fe and Cu. Comparatively, the two species of okra varied significantly in their mineral content of the raw and plain sauce. There was also a negative effect of cooking on the mineral contents, which reduced significantly to an average of 30% on a dry weight basis.Therefore, the two vegetables, either as a fresh or sticky sauce, require additional sources of P, K, Na, Mg, Ca, Mn, and Zn to meet recommended dietary allowance. Furthermore, dried mucilagesauce, though, could be an appreciable post harvest management and storage but not without a loss of about one-third mineral content in the process. However, the sauce of common okra andbush okra are good sources for any of the assessed mineral restricted diets.

  8. Biology of flowering and nectar production in the flowers of the beauty bush (Kolkwitzia amabilis Graebn.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Dmitruk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Nectar production and the morphology of the nectary and pollen grains of Kolwitzia amabilis Graebn. were studied during the period 2008–2009 and in 2011. The blooming of beauty bush flowers started in the third decade of May and ended in the middle of June; flowering lasted 22–23 days. The flower life span was 4–5 days. Nectar production began at the bud break stage. The tube of the corolla in beauty bush flowers forms a spur inside which the nectary is located. The secretory surface of the nectary consists of two layers of glandular epidermal outgrowths: unicellular trichomes, with their length ranging 54.6 μm – 70.2 μm, and papillae with a length of 13.0 μm – 20.6 μm. The mean weight of nectar per 10 flowers, determined for the three years of the study, was 8.6 mg, with a sugar concentration of 50.8%. The weight of nectar sugar was on average 4.4 mg. In terms of the size, beauty bush pollen grains are classified as medium-sized. These are tricolporate grains.

  9. Research of on-line monitoring method for insulation condition of power transformer bushing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Jiuyun; Qian, Zheng; Yu, Hao; Yao, Junda

    2016-01-01

    The power transformer is the key equipment of the power system; its insulation condition will directly influence the security and reliability of the power system. Thus, the on-line monitoring of power transformer is urgently required in order to guarantee the normal operation of the power system. Moreover, the dielectric loss factor is a significant parameter reflecting the condition of transformer bushing, so the on-line measurement of dielectric loss factor is really important. In this paper, the phase-to-phase comparison method is selected as the on-line monitoring method based on the overall analysis and discussion of the existing on-line monitoring methods. At first, the harmonic analysis method is utilized to calculate the dielectric loss of each phase of the three-phase transformer bushing, and then the differences of dielectric loss between every two phases are calculated and analyzed. So the insulation condition of each bushing could be achieved based on the careful analysis of different phase-to-phase dielectric loss. The simulation results of phase-to-phase comparison method are carried out in this paper, and the validity is verified. At last, this method is utilized in an actual equipment of on-line monitoring.

  10. Bush animal attacks: management of complex injuries in a resource-limited setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitchell Katrina B

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Though animal-related injuries and fatalities have been documented throughout the world, the variety of attacks by wild animals native to rural East Africa are less commonly described. Given the proximity of our northwestern Tanzania hospital to Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika, and the Serengeti National Park, and presentation of several patients attacked by bush animals and suffering a variety of complex injuries, we sought to report the pattern of attacks and surgical management in a resource-limited setting. Materials and methods Four patients who were admitted to the northwestern Tanzania tertiary referral hospital, Bugando Medical Centre (BMC, in 2010-2011 suffered attacks by different bush animals: hyena, elephant, crocodile, and vervet monkey. These patients were triaged as trauma patients in the Casualty Ward, then admitted for inpatient monitoring and treatment. Their outcomes were followed to discharge. Results The age and gender of the patients attacked was variable, though all but the pediatric patient were participating in food gathering or guarding activities in rural locations at the time of the attacks. All patients required surgical management of their injuries, which included debridement and closure of wounds, chest tube insertion, amputation, and external fixation of an extremity fracture. All patients survived and were discharged home. Discussion Though human injuries secondary to encounters with undomesticated animals such as cows, moose, and camel are reported, they often are indirect traumas resulting from road traffic collisions. Snake attacks are well documented and common. However, this series of unique bush animal attacks describes the initial and surgical management of human injuries in the resource-limited setting of the developing world. Conclusion Animal attacks are common throughout the world, but their pattern may vary in Africa throughout jungle and bush environmental settings. It is

  11. Online Partial Discharge Measurement of a High-voltage Direct Current Converter Wall-bushing%Online Partial Discharge Measurement of a High-voltage Direct Current Converter Wall-bushing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nathan D. Jacob; William M. McDermid; Behzad Kordi

    2011-01-01

    An online partial discharge (PD) measurement performed on a high voltage direct current (HVDC) wall bushing successfully identified the presence of internal discharges. The wall bushing is a sulfur hexafluoride gas-insu- lated bushing, rated for 500 kV dc and terminated on a thyristor-controlled HVDC converter bridge. The measure- ment of PD within the HVDC station environment is particularly challenging due to the high levels of electromagnetic noise caused by thyristor switching events and external air-corona from the neighboring high-voltage equipment. An additional challenge is the "mixed" voltage stress on the bushing insulation, which has both ac and dc high-voltage components. There are also fast transients during the firing of thyristors in the HVDC conversion process that cause added stress to the insulation. As a result, the analysis and interpretation of PD data for HVDC equipment is more complex; PD pulses may occur in response to the ac, dc, or switching transient voltage stresses. In this paper, an on- line PD measurement strategy for noise filtering and isolation of PD sources within the bushing are discussed. The PD measurement data is plotted on a phase-resolved diagram where the line supply power cord voltage was used as a reference. The phase-resolved diagram appears to suggest that the fast transients, caused during switching, trigger some PD events. Measurements were also performed with the aid of a modern PD measurement instrument having noise separation capabilities. The findings from the online PD measurements are verified with physical evidence, found after the bushing was removed from service, suggested internal PD had occurred inside the bushing.

  12. Rose bush leaf and internode expansion dynamics: analysis and development of a model capturing interplant variability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine eDemotes-Mainard

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Bush rose architecture, among other factors, such as plant health, determines plant visual quality. The commercial product is the individual plant and interplant variability may be high within a crop. Thus, both mean plant architecture and interplant variability should be studied. Expansion is an important feature of architecture, but it has been little studied at the level of individual organs in bush roses. We investigated the expansion kinetics of primary shoot organs, to develop a model reproducing the organ expansion of real crops from non destructive input variables. We took interplant variability in expansion kinetics and the model’s ability to simulate this variability into account. Changes in leaflet and internode dimensions over thermal time were recorded for primary shoot expansion, on 83 plants from three crops grown in different climatic conditions and densities. An empirical model was developed, to reproduce organ expansion kinetics for individual plants of a real crop of bush rose primary shoots. Leaflet or internode length was simulated as a logistic function of thermal time. The model was evaluated by cross-validation. We found that differences in leaflet or internode expansion kinetics between phytomer positions and between plants at a given phytomer position were due mostly to large differences in time of organ expansion and expansion rate, rather than differences in expansion duration. Thus, in the model, the parameters linked to expansion duration were predicted by values common to all plants, whereas variability in final size and organ expansion time was captured by input data. The model accurately simulated leaflet and internode expansion for individual plants (RMSEP = 7.3% and 10.2% of final length, respectively. Thus, this study defines the measurements required to simulate expansion and provides the first model simulating organ expansion in rosebush to capture interplant variability.

  13. Control of the bush tick (Haemaphysalis longicornis) with Zebu x European cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dicker, R W; Sutherst, R W

    1981-02-01

    Brahman x Hereford cattle carried only one-quarter as many engorging adult bush ticks (Haemaphysalis (Kaiseriana) longicornis) as Hereford. Simmental x Hereford or Friesian x Hereford cattle when grazed together on the north coast of New South Wales. Fourteen percent of a Brahman x Hereford herd carried half of the engorging ticks suggesting that infestation levels would be further reduced by culling procedures. The results indicate an additional advantage to those already established for Brahman x Hereford cattle on the north coast of New South Wales and have important implications for tick control.

  14. Oversimplifying Iraq's challenges: Bush's Fort Bragg speech and americans' declining support for the war

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos L. Yordan

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo examina el porqué el presidente George W. Bush no pudo recolectar la ayuda de la ciudadanía americana para su estrategia para la estabilización y la transformación de Iraq. De hecho, esta estrategia ha sido afectada por el desplegar de los acontecimientos que sucedieron en Iraq, pero el problema principal reside en las posiciones que el presidente utilizó para simplificar los desafíos que el ejército americano y la diplomacia tenían que hacer frente en Iraq, buscando la aprobación de las criticas periodisticas, de los expertos gubernamentales y de los juristas. En más de una perspectiva la falta de aprobación del gobierno Bush en Iraq es una consecuencia de la carencia de la confianza que la opinión pública tuvo por su presidente y sus consejeros para lograr sus objetivos en Iraq. Para constatar esta tesis, el artículo analiza el discurso del presidente a la nación, difundida en horario de punta el 28 de julio de 2005, que demuestra que los americanos no estaban demasiado convencidos de la estrategia de Bush._____________ABSTRACT:This article puts in context why President of the United States of America George W. Bush has been unable to rally American support for his strategy to stabilize and transform Iraq. Since the summer of 2003, when Iraqis started to challenge the authority of the Anglo-American occupation, the White House has been on the defensive, while American support for post-war efforts has dwindled. While developments in Iraq have affected the strategy’s execution, the main problem is the president’s inclination to oversimplify the challenges American troops and diplomats are facing in Iraq, inviting criticism from journalists, experts on nation-building and lawmakers. In many ways, declining approval of Bush’s handling of Iraq results in the public’s lack of confidence that the president and his advisors will be able to accomplish its goals in Iraq. To test this argument, the article analyzes

  15. Modelling of the carburizing and quenching process applied to caterpillar track bushings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferro, P.; Bonollo, F.

    2014-03-01

    The carburizing-quenching process applied to caterpillar track bushings was studied by means of experimental and numerical analyses. The numerical model was developed on the basis of the real cycle. The purpose of this work is to predict the carbon profiles, microstructural phase changes, hardness and residual stress that occur during quenching using finite element techniques. Good agreement was obtained between the experimental and numerical results in terms of carbon diffusion and hardness profiles. The Sysweld® numerical code was used to perform the simulations.

  16. Neotropical Zoonotic Parasites in Bush Dogs (Speothos venaticus) from Upper Paraná Atlantic Forests in Misiones, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vizcaychipi, Katherina A; Rinas, Miguel; Irazu, Lucia; Miyagi, Adriana; Argüelles, Carina F; DeMatteo, Karen E

    2016-10-01

    Wildlife remains an important source of zoonotic diseases for the most vulnerable groups of humans, primarily those living in rural areas or coexisting with forest. The Upper Paraná Atlantic forest of Misiones, Argentina is facing ongoing environmental and anthropogenic changes, which affect the local biodiversity, including the bush dog (Speothos venaticus), a small canid considered Near Threatened globally and Endangered locally. This project aimed to expand the knowledge of zoonotic parasites present in the bush dog and the potential implications for human health and conservation medicine. From May to August 2011, a detection dog located 34 scats that were genetically confirmed as bush dog and georeferenced to northern Misiones. Of these 34 scats, 27 had sufficient quantity that allowed processing for zoonotic parasites using morphological (sedimentation and flotation) and antigen (coproantigen technique) analyses. Within these 27 scats, we determined that the parasitic prevalence was 63.0% (n = 17) with 8 (47.1%) having mixed infections with 2-4 parasitic genera. No significant differences (p > 0.05) between sampling areas, sex, and parasite taxa were found. We were able to summarize the predominant nematodes (Ancylostoma caninum, Toxocara canis, and Lagochilascaris spp.), cestodes (Taenia spp. and Spirometra spp.), and apicomplexa (Cystoisospora caninum) found in these bush dogs. With the copro-ELISA technique, 14.8% (n = 4) of the samples were positive for Echinococcus spp. This study represents the first comprehensive study about parasitic fauna with zoonotic potential in the free-ranging bush dog. This information combined with the innovative set of techniques used to collect the samples constitute a valuable contribution that can be used in control programs, surveillance of zoonotic diseases, and wildlife conservation, both regionally and across the bush dog's broad distribution.

  17. Molecular cloning and expression of a bush related CmV1 gene in tropical pumpkin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Tao; Cao, Jiashu

    2010-02-01

    A bush-type plant was selected from tropical pumpkin 'cga' (Cucurbita moschata Duchesne) in order to study the vine development in C. moschata. In this study, a novel gene encoding NADH dehydrogenase was isolated from the vine line (cgaV) of C. moschata, that was not expressed in the near isogenic bush line (cgaBu). This gene, designated as CmV1 (C. moschata vine 1), was 545 bp in length and was composed of a 477 bp open reading frame, which had 99% nucleotide similarity to the chloroplast ndhJ gene for NADH dehydrogenase subunit J from Brassica oleracea. The deduced amino acid sequence of CmV1 had 99% similarity to NADH dehydrogenase subunit J from Arabidopsis and had 98% similarity to NADH dehydrogenase subunit from Barbarea verna. Analysis of the basic characteristics of the CmV1 protein revealed that it has one Respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase 30 kD subunit signature, three N-myristoylation sites, one Casein kinase II phosphorylation site, and one Protein kinase C phosphorylation site. Reverse transcriptase-PCR analysis showed that CmV1 was expressed at a high level in the internodes and hypocotyls and was expressed stronger in elongating internodes than in fully expanded internodes. In conclusion, results obtained in the present study suggest that CmV1 gene might play important roles in vine elongation of tropical pumpkin.

  18. Development and validation of the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale – Brazilian version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Letícia Santos Nunes

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: This article aims to describe the adaptation and translation process of the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS and its reduced version, the Bush-Francis Catatonia Screening Instrument (BFCSI for Brazilian Portuguese, as well as its validation. Methods: Semantic equivalence processes included four steps: translation, back translation, evaluation of semantic equivalence and a pilot-study. Validation consisted of simultaneous applications of the instrument in Portuguese by two examiners in 30 catatonic and 30 non-catatonic patients. Results: Total scores averaged 20.07 for the complete scale and 7.80 for its reduced version among catatonic patients, compared with 0.47 and 0.20 among non-catatonic patients, respectively. Overall values of inter-rater reliability of the instruments were 0.97 for the BFCSI and 0.96 for the BFCRS. Conclusion: The scale's version in Portuguese proved to be valid and was able to distinguish between catatonic and non-catatonic patients. It was also reliable, with inter-evaluator reliability indexes as high as those of the original instrument.

  19. Environmental geophysics at the Southern Bush River Peninsula, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davies, B.E.; Miller, S.F.; McGinnis, L.D. [and others

    1995-05-01

    Geophysical studies have been conducted at five sites in the southern Bush River Peninsula in the Edgewood Area of Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. The goals of the studies were to identify areas containing buried metallic objects and to provide diagnostic signatures of the hydrogeologic framework of the site. These studies indicate that, during the Pleistocene Epoch, alternating stands of high and low sea level resulted in a complex pattern of channel-fill deposits. Paleochannels of various sizes and orientations have been mapped throughout the study area by means of ground-penetrating radar and EM-31 techniques. The EM-31 paleochannel signatures are represented onshore either by conductivity highs or lows, depending on the depths and facies of the fill sequences. A companion study shows the features as conductivity highs where they extend offshore. This erosional and depositional system is environmentally significant because of the role it plays in the shallow groundwater flow regime beneath the site. Magnetic and electromagnetic anomalies outline surficial and buried debris throughout the areas surveyed. On the basis of geophysical measurements, large-scale (i.e., tens of feet) landfilling has not been found in the southern Bush River Peninsula, though smaller-scale dumping of metallic debris and/or munitions cannot be ruled out.

  20. Heterogeneous WSx/WO₃ Thorn-Bush Nanofiber Electrodes for Sodium-Ion Batteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, Won-Hee; Wilson, Hope; Sohn, Sungwoo; Li, Jinyang; Tong, Xiao; Shaulsky, Evyatar; Schroers, Jan; Elimelech, Menachem; Taylor, André D

    2016-03-22

    Heterogeneous electrode materials with hierarchical architectures promise to enable considerable improvement in future energy storage devices. In this study, we report on a tailored synthetic strategy used to create heterogeneous tungsten sulfide/oxide core-shell nanofiber materials with vertically and randomly aligned thorn-bush features, and we evaluate them as potential anode materials for high-performance Na-ion batteries. The WSx (2 ≤ x ≤ 3, amorphous WS3 and crystalline WS2) nanofiber is successfully prepared by electrospinning and subsequent calcination in a reducing atmosphere. To prevent capacity degradation of the WSx anodes originating from sulfur dissolution, a facile post-thermal treatment in air is applied to form an oxide passivation surface. Interestingly, WO3 thorn bundles are randomly grown on the nanofiber stem, resulting from the surface conversion. We elucidate the evolving morphological and structural features of the nanofibers during post-thermal treatment. The heterogeneous thorn-bush nanofiber electrodes deliver a high second discharge capacity of 791 mAh g(-1) and improved cycle performance for 100 cycles compared to the pristine WSx nanofiber. We show that this hierarchical design is effective in reducing sulfur dissolution, as shown by cycling analysis with counter Na electrodes.

  1. Glaciations, gradients, and geography: multiple drivers of diversification of bush frogs in the Western Ghats Escarpment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vijayakumar, S P; Menezes, Riya C; Jayarajan, Aditi; Shanker, Kartik

    2016-08-17

    The historical processes underlying high diversity in tropical biodiversity hotspots like the Western Ghats of Peninsular India remain poorly understood. We sampled bush frogs on 13 massifs across the Western Ghats Escarpment and examined the relative influence of Quaternary glaciations, ecological gradients and geological processes on the spatial patterns of lineage and clade diversification. The results reveal a large in situ radiation (more than 60 lineages), exhibiting geographical structure and clade-level endemism, with two deeply divergent sister clades, North and South, highlighting the biogeographic significance of an ancient valley, the Palghat Gap. A majority of the bush frog sister lineages were isolated on adjacent massifs, and signatures of range stasis provide support for the dominance of geological processes in allopatric speciation. In situ diversification events within the montane zones (more than 1800 m) of the two highest massifs suggest a role for climate-mediated forest-grassland persistence. Independent transitions along elevational gradients among sub-clades during the Miocene point to diversification along the elevational gradient. The study highlights the evolutionary significance of massifs in the Western Ghats with the high elevations acting as centres of lineage diversification and the low- and mid-elevations of the southern regions, with deeply divergent lineages, serving as museums.

  2. Fluid technologies: The Bush Pump, the LifeStraw and microworlds of humanitarian design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redfield, Peter

    2016-04-01

    Over the past decade, many ingenious, small-scale gadgets have appeared in response to problems of disaster and extreme poverty. Focusing on the LifeStraw, a water filtration device invented by the company Vestergaard Frandsen, I situate this wave of humanitarian design relative to Marianne de Laet and Annemarie Mol's classic article on the Zimbabwe Bush Pump. The LifeStraw shares the Bush Pump's principle of technical minimalism, as well as its ethical desire to improve the lives of communities. Unlike the pump, however, the straw defines itself through rather than against market logic, accepting the premise that one can 'do well while doing good'. Moreover, it does not share the assumed framework of de Laet and Mol's Zimbabwean socio-technical landscape: a postcolonial state happily en route to national self-definition. Nonetheless, it clearly embodies moral affect, if in the idiom of humanitarian concern rather than development. My aim is to open up three interrelated lines of inquiry for discussion. First, I consider aspects of a postcolonial condition at the micro-level of immediate needs, including assumptions about nation-state politics and markets. Second, I emphasize science and technology in the form of infrastructure, the material frontline of norms. Third, I return reflexively to love, and the complicated allure of engagement in academic work.

  3. Ilves ja Bush - üks rantšopidajast president kutsus teise külla / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2007-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi kohtumisest president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega. Kõne all oli viisavabadus ja NATO küberkaitsekeskuse loomine Eestisse. G.W. Bush avaldas kaastunnet Afganistanis hukkunud Eesti sõdurite omastele. Riigikogu liikmete Marko Mihkelsoni ja Sven Mikseri kommentaarid presidentide kohtumisele. Vt. samas: Esimene riigipea pärjaga. T.H. Ilves asetas pärja kommunismiohvrite mälestusmärgile, mille president G.W. Bush avas 12. juunil 2007. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 25.-26.06.2007

  4. Labor and the Bush Administration: “down so long, seem like up to me” Le syndicalisme américain pendant les années Bush

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerald Friedman

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available For a century, scholars and labor movement activists have debated the question of “American Exceptionalism,” or the distinctive nature of the labor movement in the United States. The weakness of American unions, especially their lack of members, has been attributed to distinctive features of American society, notably the hostility of the American government towards unions. Those who accept this Exceptionalist view have urged unions in the United States to become more active politically in order to strengthen their position. Since 1980, unions have followed this advice and have doubled their political spending. Most of the unions’ political activity and spending has been in support of candidates of the Democratic Party; but unions have received little in return from Democrats, even during the Clinton Administration. Indeed, during the administration of George W. Bush, union membership fell at almost exactly the same rate as before notwithstanding the Bush Administration’s open hostility towards unions and its attempt to use state power against unions in both the private and public sectors. In fact, over the last decades, we may be seeing the end of Exceptionalism. Since 1990, union membership decline has been slower in the United States than in most other OECD member states, despite a relatively hostile political and legal regime. Combined with the negligible effect of the Bush Administration on American unions, this suggests that union weakness in the United States is not due to exceptional features of the United States but to characteristics it shares with other countries. Throughout the affluent world, the idea of the labor movement has lost its tie to the broader democratic aspirations. In America and elsewhere, union revival depends on more than some incremental legal changes or political victories. It depends on the revival of the formative ideals of the labor movement, equality, fraternity, and the struggle for free and democratic

  5. The USA policy evolution in the Caspian sea from Clinton to Bush; L'evolution de la politique americaine dans la region de la mer Caspienne de Clinton a Bush

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jafalian, A

    2003-07-01

    The author analyzes the USA policy in the Caspian Sea area and its evolution with the election of Bush. If no major orientation appear, some sensible evolutions are presented concerning the pipelines management in this area. The author presents then, the new definition of the economical variables and the reinforcement of the security dimension of the USA policy. (A.L.B.)

  6. The bush-cricket Isophya kraussii (Orthoptera: Phaneropteridae): bioacoustics, distribution and description of a new subspecies from Romania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iorgu, Ionuţ Ştefan; Heller, Klaus-Gerhard

    2013-01-01

    Isophya kraussii Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878, one of the widest spread bush-crickets within this genus, is confirmed to be present east of the Carpathian Mountains. Based on acoustic analysis and morphological characters, the populations from NE Romania are considered to belong to a different subspecies, I. kraussii moldavica ssp. n. A map with distribution of both subspecies is presented.

  7. Odorants of the Flowers of Butterfly Bush, Buddleia davidii as Possible Attractants of Pest Species of Moths

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flowers of the butterfly bush, Buddleia davidii Franch., are visited by butterflies and moths, as well as other insects. Moths captured in traps over flowers were 21 species of Geometridae, Noctuidae, Pyralidae, and Tortricidae. The most abundant moths trapped at these flowers were the cabbage loop...

  8. Automatic classification of Google Earth images for a larger scale monitoring of bush encroachment in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, Annika; Meyer, Hanna; Nauss, Thomas

    2016-08-01

    Bush encroachment of savannas and grasslands is a common form of land degradation in the rangelands of South Africa. To assess the carrying capacity of the land and to understand underlaying processes of bush encroachment, continuous monitoring of this phenomenon is needed. The aim of this study is to provide training sites for satellite-based monitoring of bush encroachment in South Africa on a medium spatial resolution satellite sensor (e.g. MODIS or Landsat) scale. Since field surveys are time consuming and of limited spatial extent, the satellite based creation of training sites using Google Earth images is intended. Training pixels for woody vegetation and non-woody land cover were manually digitized from 50 sample Google Earth images. A Random Forests model was trained to delineate woody from non-woody pixels. The results indicate a high performance of the model (AUC = 0.97). The model was applied to a further 500 Google Earth images with a spatial extent of 250 m × 250 m. The classified images form the database of training sites which can be used for larger scale monitoring of bush encroachment in South Africa.

  9. Serious envenomation after a snakebite by a Western bush viper (Atheris chlorechis) in the Netherlands : a case report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Top, LJ; Tulleken, JE; Ligtenberg, JJM; van der Werf, TS; Zijlstra, JG; Meertens, John H. J. M.

    2006-01-01

    Venomous snakebites are a rarity in the Netherlands. In this report we describe the case of a 26-year-old male amateur snakekeeper who was bitten in his left index finger by a Western bush viper (Atheris chlorechis). His clinical condition deteriorated rapidly with acute renal failure and considerab

  10. President Bush : langenud nõuavad, et me jätkame võitlust! / Tõnis Erilaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erilaid, Tõnis, 1943-

    2005-01-01

    Salt Lake Citys USA sõjaveteranidele peetud kõnes ütles USA president George W. Bush, et tuleb jõuda eesmärgile, mille eest USA sõdurid oma elu andsid. Samas toimus sõjavastaste demonstratsioon

  11. Effects of organic fertilizers on the growth and yield of bush bean, winged bean and yard long bean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Aminul Islam

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT VC (20%, TC (20% and N:P:K fertilizer (farmer's practice were used to determine the growth and yield attributes of bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris, winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus and yard long bean (Vigna unguiculata. Plants grown with VC (20% produced the highest fresh biomass for bush bean (527.55 g m-2, winged bean (1168.61 g m-2 and yard long bean (409.84 g m-2. In all the tested legumes the highest pod weight, pod number, pod dry weight and pod length were found in the VC (20% treatment. Photosynthetic rates in the three legumes peaked at pod formation stage in all treatments, with the highest photosynthetic rate observed in winged bean (56.17 µmol m-2s-1 grown with VC (20%. The highest yield for bush bean (2.98 ton ha-1, winged bean (7.28 ton ha-1 and yard long bean (2.22 ton ha-1 were also found in VC (20% treatment. Furthermore, protein content was highest in bush bean (26.50 g/100g, followed by yard long bean (24.74 g/100g and winged bean (22.04 g/100g, under VC (20% treatment. It can be concluded that legumes grown with VC (20% produced the highest yield and yield attributes.

  12. Eland browsing of Grewia occidentalis in semi-arid shrubland: the influence of bush clumps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.H. Watson

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Grewia occidentalis plants in the study area generally occurred in bush clumps with other shrub species. Grewia occidentalis commonly occurred with Diospyros austro-africana, Rhus longispina and Rhus pollens (nurse shrubs, but seldom with Acacia kar-roo and Lycium cinereum (non-nurse shrubs. Eland browsed G. occidentalis plants at higher levels than other shrub species, but browsing was not evenly spread across all plants. Grewia occidentalis plants associated with nurse shrubs had lower levels of browsing than those growing alone and those growing with non-nurse shrubs, while G. occidentalis plants in the centre of nurse shrubs experienced the lowest levels of browsing. The latter group of plants also produced the most fruit. Eland browsing is consid-ered an important factor determining the distribution of G. occidentalis plants in the study area, while the presence of nurse shrubs is considered essential for the establishment and maintenance of the G. occidentalis population in the study area.

  13. Wolves at the Door: Musical persuasion in a 2004 Bush-Cheney advertisement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew A. Killmeier

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Many journalists and scholars overlook the discursive role of music in TV political advertisements. But we argue that music is a potent means of political persuasion. Music in advertisements is determinative; all other elements—images, voiceovers, sound effects, written text, and so on—are circumscribed by the music and interpreted in relation to it. Music determines an advertisement’s character through framing and underscoring; musical frames establish interpretative categories and generate expectations, while underscoring comprises music that closely coordinates with images and voiceovers to form a persuasive aesthetic and rhetorical unity. A close reading of a 2004 Bush-Cheney advertisement applies this theory of frames and underscoring to explain the advertisement’s effectiveness. Without music, the advertisement would not only fail to persuade, it would also make no sense.

  14. Fiddler on the tree--a bush-cricket species with unusual stridulatory organs and song.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus-Gerhard Heller

    Full Text Available Insects of the order Orthoptera are well-known for their acoustic communication. The structures used for this purpose show a high diversity which obviously relates to differences in song parameters and to the physics of sound production. Here we describe song and morphology of the sound producing organs of a tropical bush-cricket, Ectomoptera nepicauda, from East Africa. It has a very unusual calling song consisting of frequency-modulated, pure-tone sounds in the high ultrasonic range of 80 to 120 kHz and produced by extremely fast wing movements. Concerning morphology, it represents the most extreme state in the degree of left-right fore-wing differentiation found among Orthoptera: the acoustic parts of the left fore-wing consist exclusively of the stridulatory file, comparable in function to the bow of a violin, while the right wing carries only the plectrum ( =  string and mirror ( =  soundbox.

  15. Masoprocol (nordihydroguaiaretic acid): a new antihyperglycemic agent isolated from the creosote bush (Larrea tridentata).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, J; Chuang, T; Cheung, J; Quan, J; Tsai, J; Sullivan, C; Hector, R F; Reed, M J; Meszaros, K; King, S R; Carlson, T J; Reaven, G M

    1998-04-03

    An ethnomedically-driven approach was used to evaluate the ability of a pure compound isolated from the creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) to lower plasma glucose concentration in two mouse models of type 2 diabetes. The results indicated that plasma glucose concentration fell approximately 8 mmol/l in male C57BL/ks-db/db or C57BL/6J-ob/ob mice following the oral administration of masoprocol (nordihydroguaiaretic acid), a well known lipoxygenase inhibitor. The decline in plasma glucose concentration following masoprocol treatment in the mice was achieved without any change in plasma insulin concentration. In addition, oral glucose tolerance improved and the ability of insulin to lower plasma glucose concentrations was accentuated in masoprocol-treated db/db mice. These data raise the possibility that masoprocol, or other lipoxygenase inhibitors, represents a new approach to the pharmacological treatment of Type 2 diabetes.

  16. LA IDEOLOGÍA NEOCONSERVADORA Y EL GOBIERNO DE GEORGE W. BUSH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Saxe Fernández

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available El 15 de Septiembre de 2002, casi al año de los ataques contra las Torres Gemelas y el Pentágono,el Sunday Herald informó sobre la existencia de un plan elaborado por un instituto “neo-conservador”,ese es el término usado en la nota periodística,identificado como el “Proyecto para un Nuevo Siglo Estadounidense”, que empezó a funcionar en1997.Este instituto se orientó al impulso de lo que su documento fundacional califica como “una política reaganiana de fortaleza militar y de claridad moral”, considerada como algo “necesario para que EUA, basado en los éxitos del siglo pasado, consolide nuestra seguridad y nuestra grandeza en el próximo siglo”. El documento, de línea ultranacionalista, plantea la “creación de una Pax Americana Global”, y fue endosado por DickCheney, Donald Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, JeffBush y Lewis Lobby, jefe del personal de Cheney, con la participación de operadores políticos eideólogos como Elliott Abrams y Francis Fukuyama. El Sunday Herald enfatizó que, según el documento, “antes de que asumiera la presidencia en Enero de 2000, Bush y su gabineteya estaban contemplando y planeando un “cambio de régimen” en Irak por medio de un ataque premeditado contra ese país.

  17. Frequency processing at consecutive levels in the auditory system of bush crickets (tettigoniidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostrowski, Tim Daniel; Stumpner, Andreas

    2010-08-01

    We asked how processing of male signals in the auditory pathway of the bush cricket Ancistrura nigrovittata (Phaneropterinae, Tettigoniidae) changes from the ear to the brain. From 37 sensory neurons in the crista acustica single elements (cells 8 or 9) have frequency tuning corresponding closely to the behavioral tuning of the females. Nevertheless, one-quarter of sensory neurons (approximately cells 9 to 18) excite the ascending neuron 1 (AN1), which is best tuned to the male's song carrier frequency. AN1 receives frequency-dependent inhibition, reducing sensitivity especially in the ultrasound. When recorded in the brain, AN1 shows slightly lower overall activity than when recorded in the prothoracic ganglion close to the spike-generating zone. This difference is significant in the ultrasonic range. The first identified local brain neuron in a bush cricket (LBN1) is described. Its dendrites overlap with some of AN1-terminations in the brain. Its frequency tuning and intensity dependence strongly suggest a direct postsynaptic connection to AN1. Spiking in LBN1 is only elicited after summation of excitatory postsynaptic potentials evoked by individual AN1-action potentials. This serves a filtering mechanism that reduces the sensitivity of LBN1 and also its responsiveness to ultrasound as compared to AN1. Consequently, spike latencies of LBN1 are long (>30 ms) despite its being a second-order interneuron. Additionally, LBN1 receives frequency-specific inhibition, most likely further reducing its responses to ultrasound. This demonstrates that frequency-specific inhibition is redundant in two directly connected interneurons on subsequent levels in the auditory system.

  18. Integrative taxonomy of the Russet Bush Warbler Locustella mandelli complex reveals a new species from central China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Per; Alstr?m; Canwei; Xia; Pamela; C; Rasmussen; Urban; Olsson; Bo; Dai; Jian; Zhao; Paul; J; Leader; Geoff; J; Carey; Lu; Dong; Tianlong; Cai; Paul; I; Holt; Hung; Le; Manh; Gang; Song; Yang; Liu; Yanyun; Zhang; Fumin; Lei

    2015-01-01

    Background: The Russet Bush Warbler Locustella(previously Bradypterus) mandelli complex occurs in mountains in the eastern Himalayas, southern China, Vietnam, the Philippines, and Indonesia. The taxonomy has been debated,with one(L. seebohmi) to four(L. seebohmi, L. mandelli, L. montis and L. timorensis) species having been recognised.Methods: We used an integrative approach, incorporating analyses of morphology, vocalizations and a molecular marker, to re-evaluate species limits in the L. mandelli complex.Results: We found that central Chinese L. mandelli differed from those from India through northern Southeast Asia to southeast China in plumage, morphometrics and song. All were easily classified by song, and(wing + culmen)/tail ratio overlapped only marginally. Both groups were reciprocally monophyletic in a mitochondrial cytochrome b(cytb) gene tree, with a mean divergence of 1.0 ± 0.2%. They were sympatric and mostly altitudinally segregated in the breeding season in southern Sichuan province. We found that the Mt Victoria(western Myanmar) population differed vocally from other L. mandelli, but no specimens are available. Taiwan Bush Warbler L. alishanensis was sister to the L. mandelli complex, with the most divergent song. Plumage, vocal and cytb evidence supported the distinctness of the south Vietnamese L. mandelli idonea. The Timor Bush Warbler L. timorensis, Javan Bush Warbler L.montis and Benguet Bush Warbler L. seebohmi differed distinctly in plumage, but among-population song variation in L. montis exceeded the differences between some populations of these taxa, and mean pairwise cytb divergences were only 0.5–0.9%. We also found that some L. montis populations differed morphologically.Conclusions: We conclude that the central Chinese population of Russet Bush Warbler represents a new species,which we describe herein, breeding at mid elevations in Sichuan, Shaanxi, Hubei, Hunan and Guizhou provinces.The taxonomic status of the other allopatric

  19. Integrative taxonomy of the Russet Bush Warbler Locustella mandelli complex reveals a new species from central China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Per Alström; Tianlong Cai1; Paul I Holt; Hung Le Manh; Gang Song; Yang Liu; Yanyun Zhang; Fumin Lei; Canwei Xia; Pamela C Rasmussen; Urban Olsson; Bo Dai; Jian Zhao; Paul J Leader; Geoff J Carey; Lu Dong

    2015-01-01

    Background:The Russet Bush Warbler Locustel a (previously Bradypterus) mandel i complex occurs in mountains in the eastern Himalayas, southern China, Vietnam, the Philippines, and Indonesia. The taxonomy has been debated, with one (L. seebohmi) to four (L. seebohmi, L. mandel i, L. montis and L. timorensis) species having been recognised. Methods:We used an integrative approach, incorporating analyses of morphology, vocalizations and a molecular marker, to re-evaluate species limits in the L. mandel i complex. Results:We found that central Chinese L. mandel i differed from those from India through northern Southeast Asia to southeast China in plumage, morphometrics and song. All were easily classified by song, and (wing+culmen)/tail ratio overlapped only marginally. Both groups were reciprocally monophyletic in a mitochondrial cytochrome b (cytb) gene tree, with a mean divergence of 1.0 ± 0.2%. They were sympatric and mostly altitudinally segregated in the breeding season in southern Sichuan province. We found that the Mt Victoria (western Myanmar) population differed vocally from other L. mandel i, but no specimens are available. Taiwan Bush Warbler L. alishanensis was sister to the L. mandel i complex, with the most divergent song. Plumage, vocal and cytb evidence supported the distinctness of the south Vietnamese L. mandel i idonea. The Timor Bush Warbler L. timorensis, Javan Bush Warbler L. montis and Benguet Bush Warbler L. seebohmi differed distinctly in plumage, but among-population song variation in L. montis exceeded the differences between some populations of these taxa, and mean pairwise cytb divergences were only 0.5–0.9%. We also found that some L. montis populations differed morphologically. Conclusions:We conclude that the central Chinese population of Russet Bush Warbler represents a new species, which we describe herein, breeding at mid elevations in Sichuan, Shaanxi, Hubei, Hunan and Guizhou provinces. The taxonomic status of the other

  20. New imperialism and beyond: why the new imperialism will fail and unseat the Bush Administration?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petri Minkkinen

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Tras los atentados terroristas del 11S de 2001, los Estados Unidos implantaron una política de nuevo imperialismo y de construcción de un nuevo tipo de imperio mundial. Las políticas globales norteamericanas pueden dividirse en economista, cooperativista y reglada por el idealismo Wilsoneano, y el imperialismo Rooseveltiano, basado en un nacionalismo agresivo, militarismo, unilateralismo y governanza global  basada en reglas directas, presencia física y coerción. Las políticas de la administraciones Bush representan esta última vertiente y la Guerra contra el Terror puede ser interpretada como una Primera Guerra Mundial y una guerra civil en los Estados Unidos. Se proclama que un nuevo imperialismo fracasará debido a diversas razones de tipo económica, política, étnica e histórica, y que esta política está debilitando la posición global de Estados Unidos. Al final, se explica cómo en el contexto de una Nueva Contención Pacífica, los ciudadanos norteamericanos y los ciudadanos del resto del mundo pueden utilizar la democracia en contra del nuevo imperialismo y apoyar un cambio de régimen democrático en Estados Unidos, procediendo a la construcción conjunta de un  mundo democrático y justo.________________ABSTRACT:After the terrorist attacks of S-11-2001 the US engaged in the policies of new imperialism and in the construction of a new kind of world-empire. US global policies can be divided in detached, economist, cooperative, rule-based Wilsonian Idealism and Theodore Rooseveltian Imperialism, based on aggressive nationalism, militarism, unilateralism and global governance based on direct rule, physical presence and coercion. The Bush administrations policies represent the latter and the War on Terror and Non-White Others can be seen as a First World War and an Internal Civil War in the US. It is claimed that the new imperialism will fail due to various economic, political, ethical and historical reasons and that this

  1. The Bush/Cheney Energy Strategy: Implications for U.S. Foreign and Military Policy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klare, Michael T. [Hampshire College, Amherst, MA (United States). Peace and World Security Studies

    2003-07-01

    The 'National Energy Policy' (NEP) released by the Bush Administration on May 17, 2001 was supposedly intended to meet growing U.S. energy requirements in the first two decades of the 21st Century while also diminishing U.S. dependence on imported oil. This was to be accomplished, the White House suggested, by increasing production at existing oil fields in the United States and by commencing drilling on the Artic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska. So great was the furor over drilling on ANWR that most people never bothered to examine the NEP closely. This is unfortunate, as a close reading of the NEP report reveals a very different picture than that suggested by White House pronouncements: far from promoting energy 'independence', the NEP assumes that the United States will become MORE, not less dependent on imported petroleum in the years ahead and therefore calls on the Federal Government to take whatever steps are necessary to promote enhanced U.S. access to foreign oil. In particular, the NEP calls on the U.S. Government to seek additional petroleum from the Persian Gulf area, Russia, the Caspian Sea basin, Mexico, Venezuela, Angola, and Nigeria. As is implied by the report, the United States must acquire more oil from these countries in order to permit increased oil consumption in the United States at a time of declining domestic production. Even leaving aside the question of whether these countries will be able to boost their production sufficiently to satisfy steadily rising demand in the United States, this strategy poses enormous challenges for the United States because most of these areas are highly unstable and house anti-American governments and forces. It is likely, then, that U.S. efforts to acquire more oil from these countries will entail the increased presence of U.S. military forces in the area and periodic U.S. military intervention. Indeed, the requirement for increased military action in support of U.S. foreign

  2. Anisotropy in Alpedrete granite cutting (Rift, Grain and Hardway directions) and effect on bush hammered heritage ashlars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire-Lista, David Martin; Fort, Rafael

    2015-04-01

    Many monuments and cities that are part of humanity's heritage have been built with carved granite ashlars. This dimension stone is one of the most used due to its abundance and durability. Traditional quarrymen have used anisotropic planes to cut granite blocks in the quarry for improved cutting performance. These planes are called Rift, Grain and Hardway (R, G, H) according to the ease of cutting. The aim of this study is to determine the response of each of the three orthogonal cutting planes R, G and H to the craft styling with bush hammer, based on their decay. Alpedrete granite was selected for this research, it is a monzogranite quarried in the Sierra de Guadarrana (Spanish Central System) foothills, in the province of Madrid, Spain. It is one of the most representative of Madrid's heritage granites. Alpedrete granite is also used as building stone in other European cities. From an Alpedrete granite bush hammered ashlar, three thin sections were cut parallel to the H plane; these thin sections cut R and G bush hammered planes. Also three thin sections have been cut parallel to the R plane at a distance of 2 mm, 10 mm and 30 mm from the bush hammered surface. All thin sections have been treated with fluorescein. In each of the thin sections a micrograph mosaic was performed covering the entire area (about 10 cm2, 300 photomicrographs) and printed with 120 increases. The length and spacing of inter-, intra- and trans-crystalline microcracks were quantified and measured. Microcracks were subdivided based on affected minerals in each R, G and H planes. Through these observations it was found that Alpedrete Granite R plane (easier to cut) is determined by exfoliation microcracks orientation. That is, R plane is parallel to the exfoliations microcracks, which are intra-crystalline and straight. The cutting of stones in the R plane is due to the coalescence of straight microcracks in the plane. This plane minimizes the effort and cost of subsequent carving so it

  3. Larrea tridentata (Creosote bush), an abundant plant of Mexican and US-American deserts and its metabolite nordihydroguaiaretic acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arteaga, Silvia; Andrade-Cetto, Adolfo; Cárdenas, René

    2005-04-26

    Although controversial, Creosote bush, Larrea tridentata (Sesse and Moc. ex DC) Coville, is used to treat a variety of illnesses including infertility, rheumatism, arthritis, diabetes, gallbladder and kidney stones, pain and inflammation. Recently, it has been used as a nutritional supplement. The primary product extracted from this common plant of the arid regions of northern Mexico and Southwestern United States is the potent antioxidant nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA). It was widely used during the 1950s as a food preservative and to preserve naturals fibers. Later it was banned after reports of toxicity during the early 1960s. Renal and hepatotoxicity are also reported for chronic use of creosote bush and NDGA. This article reviews traditional and contemporary uses and pharmacology, including toxicology of this plant widely used in Mexican traditional medicine.

  4. Transmissibility of Leishmania infantum from maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus) and bush dogs (Speothos venaticus) to Lutzomyia longipalpis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mol, Juliana P S; Soave, Semíramis A; Turchetti, Andréia P; Pinheiro, Guilherme R G; Pessanha, Angela T; Malta, Marcelo C C; Tinoco, Herlandes P; Figueiredo, Luiza A; Gontijo, Nelder F; Paixão, Tatiane A; Fujiwara, Ricardo T; Santos, Renato L

    2015-09-15

    Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum is the cause of visceral leishmaniasis in the Americas. The disease is transmitted mostly through the bite of the invertebrate vector, the phlebotomine Lutzomyia longipalpis in the New World. Although the domestic dog is considered the most important reservoir of the disease, other mammalian, including wildlife, are susceptible to infection. The goal of this study was to perform xenodiagnosis to evaluate the capacity of naturally infected maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus) and bush dogs (Speothos venaticus) to transmit Leishmania infantum to female sand flies (L. longipalpis). Xenodiagnoses were performed in February and August, 2013, when 77.7% (three maned wolves and four bush dogs) or 100% of the animals were positive, respectively. However, parasite loads in the engorged sand flies was low (<200 promastigotes and <150.2 parasites/μg of DNA). No statistically significant differences were observed between the two species or the two time points (February and August). In conclusion, this study demonstrated that maned wolves (C. brachyurus) and bush dogs (S. venaticus) asymptomatically infected with L. infantum are capable of transmitting L. infantum to the invertebrate host L. longipalpis, although the parasite loads in engorged phlebotomines exposed to these animals were very low.

  5. Vannevar Bush 2: Science for the 21st Century. Why Should Federal Dollars be Spent to Support Scientific Research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Kate (Editor)

    1995-01-01

    On July 5, 1945, Dr. Vannevar Bush delivered a report to President Truman known as 'Science: The Endless Frontier'. In the report, Dr. Bush stated that 'scientific progress is one essential key to our security as a nation, to our better health, to more jobs, to a higher standard of living, and to our cultural progress'. Bush addressed job creation, the independence of basic research, the ties between research and application, and the nations's need for new talent. In 1995, there are strong similarities between the issues addressed in the Congress, Administration, and the public and those following World War 2. Federal funds and research funding are under severe pressure, including that from fiscal constraints in the federal budget due to the large and growing deficit and the escalating cost of health care. Defense conversion is addressed in the Congress and in industry, where many jobs are at stake. Conversion of the national laboratories, particularly nuclear weapons laboratories, has been a subject of a governmental commission and is the subject of draft legislation. Health care costs and the appropriate role of the federal government in funding basic and applied research has become a major topic of debate. Discussion on education in science has grown from the issue of how to produce more Ph.D.'s to how to improve the understanding of technology and science among the general public.

  6. Absorption of copper(II) by creosote bush (Larrea tridentata): use of atomic and x-ray absorption spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardea-Torresdey, J L; Arteaga, S; Tiemann, K J; Chianelli, R; Pingitore, N; Mackay, W

    2001-11-01

    Larrea tridentata (creosote bush), a common North American native desert shrub, exhibits the ability to take up copper(II) ions rapidly from solution. Following hydroponic studies, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency method 200.3 was used to digest the plant samples, and flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS) was used to determine the amount of copper taken up in different parts of the plant. The amount of copper(II) found within the roots, stems, and leaves was 13.8, 1.1, and 0.6 mg/g, respectively, after the creosote bush was exposed to a 63.5-ppm copper(II) solution for 48 h. When the plant was exposed to a 635-ppm copper(II) solution, the roots, stems, and leaves contained 35.0, 10.5, and 3.8 mg/g, respectively. In addition to FAAS analysis, x-ray microfluorescence (XRMF) analysis of the plant samples provided further confirmation of copper absorption by the various plant parts. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) elucidated the oxidation state of the copper absorbed by the plants. The copper(II) absorbed from solution remained as copper(II) bound to oxygen-containing ligands within the plant samples. The results of this study indicate that creosote bush may provide a useful and novel method of removing copper(II) from contaminated soils in an environmentally friendly manner.

  7. Analysis of Some Physio-Chemical Properties of Milk Bush (Thevetia peruviana Seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.M. Olatunji

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The proximate and some technological properties of milk bush (Thevetia peruviana seeds were investigated. The results obtained showed the following chemical compositions: Moisture content (2.94%, protein (7.44%, oil (57.05%, crude fibre (22.37%, ash (2:24 and carbohydrate by difference (7.76%. In the same vain, mineralogical analysis using an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer was conducted. The results obtained showed that magnesium, potassium and sodium were the predominant elements in the seeds. The technological properties studied were unit mass, unit volume, geometric mean, diameter, sphericity, bulk density, true density and porosity with average values of 4.14 g, 4.403.57 mm3, 20.34 mm, 0.67, 657.73 kg/m3, 942.05 kg/m3 and 31%, respectively. Information of these properties could be useful in process machine design. On the other hand, knowledge of the proximate properties is important for nutritional and dietary information.

  8. Effects of landscape structure on movement patterns of the flightless bush cricket Pholidoptera griseoaptera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diekötter, Tim; Speelmans, Marjan; Dusoulier, François; Van Wingerden, Walter K R E; Malfait, Jean-Pierre; Crist, Thomas O; Edwards, Peter J; Dietz, Hansjörg

    2007-02-01

    Because the viability of a population may depend on whether individuals can disperse, it is important for conservation planning to understand how landscape structure affects movement behavior. Some species occur in a wide range of landscapes differing greatly in structure, and the question arises of whether these species are particularly versatile in their dispersal or whether they are composed of genetically distinct populations adapted to contrasting landscapes. We performed a capture-mark-resight experiment to study movement patterns of the flightless bush cricket Pholidoptera griseoaptera (De Geer 1773) in two contrasting agricultural landscapes in France and Switzerland. The mean daily movement of P. griseoaptera was significantly higher in the landscape with patchily distributed habitat (Switzerland) than in the landscape with greater habitat connectivity (France). Net displacement rate did not differ between the two landscapes, which we attributed to the presence of more linear elements in the connected landscape, resulting in a more directed pattern of movement by P. griseoaptera. Significant differences in the movement patterns between landscapes with contrasting structure suggest important effects of landscape structure on movement and dispersal success. The possibility of varying dispersal ability within the same species needs to be studied in more detail because this may provide important information for sustainable landscape planning aimed at maintaining viable metapopulations, especially in formerly well-connected landscapes.

  9. Experimental reintroduction of the federally endangered Santa Cruz Island bush mallow (Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. nestioticus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilken, D.H.; McEachern, K.

    2011-01-01

    Studies of Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. nesioticus were begun in 1995 to understand its distribution, reproductive biology and ecological requirements. After 100+ years of depredation by sheep, two known populations of fewer than 20 plants each survived in 1995. Molecular studies showed that each of the two populations was composed of 1–3 genets. During our study, two additional populations of similar size were discovered. Plants are self-compatible but require insect visitation to augment pollination. Based on seed set, viable embryos, and germination rates, we found no evidence for inbreeding depression. Bush mallow also reproduces vegetatively by rhizomes, the primary means of establishment and persistence in natural populations, and a key feature for maximizing recovery success. Ex situ observations and trial in situ outplantings suggested that supplemental watering was critical to initial survival. We developed a recovery strategy composed of four plots located at varying elevations and aspects. Each plot was enclosed to exclude feral pigs, which posed a continuing threat. Each plot was planted with twelve rooted plants derived from each of three natural populations. Plants were provided supplemental watering for four months. Survivorship after one year ranged from 46% to 91%. Significant differences in survivorship were observed relative to source of plants. After twelve months some plants were flowering and reproducing vegetatively.

  10. Design status and procurement activities of the High Voltage Deck 1 and Bushing for the ITER Neutral Beam Injector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boldrin, Marco, E-mail: marco.boldrin@igi.cnr.it [Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padova (Italy); De Lorenzi, Antonio [Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padova (Italy); Decamps, Hans [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Grando, Luca [Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padova (Italy); Simon, Muriel [Fusion For Energy, c/ Josep Pla 2, 08019 Barcelona (Spain); Toigo, Vanni [Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padova (Italy)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: ► ITER Neutral Beam Injector includes several non-standard components. ► The design status of the −1 MV{sub dc} HVD1 and Bushing is described. ► The paper reports also on the integrated layout of the two components. ► Preliminary electrostatic and thermal analyses are presented. ► Procurement activities are outlined. -- Abstract: The ITER Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) power supply system includes several non-standard components, whose ratings go beyond the present industrial practice. Two of these items, to be procured by Fusion for Energy, are: 1.A −1 MV{sub dc} air-insulated Faraday cage, called High Voltage Deck 1 (HVD1), hosting the Ion Source and Extractor Power Supplies (ISEPS) and the associated diagnostics. 2.A −1 MV{sub dc} feedthrough, called HVD1-TL Bushing, aimed at connecting the HVD1 to the gas (SF{sub 6}) insulated Transmission Line (TL), containing inside its High Voltage (HV) conductor all ISEPS power and control cables coming from the HVD1 to be connected to the NBI Ion Source services. The paper deals with the status of the design of the HVD1 and HVD1-TL Bushing, focusing on insulation, mechanical and thermal issues as well as on their integration with the other components of the power supply system. In particular, the insulation issue of the integrated system has been addressed by means of an electrostatic Finite Element (FE) analysis whilst a FE thermal simulation has been carried out to assess the impact of the dissipation of the proposed design of the inner conductors (ISEPS conductors) not actively cooled. Finally, the paper describes the status of procurement strategy and execution.

  11. A review of bush dog Speothos venaticus (Lund, 1842 (Carnivora, Canidae occurrences in Paraná state, subtropical Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. M. Tiepolo

    Full Text Available Abstract We report six new occurrence records of the bush dog Speothos venaticus, a widely distributed South American carnivore that is threatened with extinction. These records are accompanied by notes on the places where the records were made, such as vegetation type, date and information about the protection of areas. The records, obtained over the last 17 years in Paraná state, southern Brazil, offer an improved understanding of the species geographic range and the threats it faces and can enable better assessments of the conservation status of the species in southern Brazil.

  12. Study on the property of AI-Sn-Pb and its bush material clad with steel strip by liquid-solid bond rolling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangming XU

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available AISn8Pb2Si25Cu0.8Cr0.2(ASP is a new bush material with high performance, but its bad lasticity limits its application. By studying the effect of silicon content on the performance of this bush material, it was found that the alloy performance and the distribution of tin and lead were affected by the silicon content. When the silicon content was 2.5%,most of the silicon recipitated along the grain boundary, and most of the lead and tin located along the grain boundary continuously, this resulted in the decrease of the bush material's performance. When the silicon content decreased to 1.0%,it distributed more uniformly, the tin and lead phases were spheroidized and became discontinuous, the performance of ASP material was then greatly increased.

  13. Effects of aging on the structural, mechanical, and thermal properties of the silicone rubber current transformer insulation bushing for a 500 kV substation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhigao; Zhang, Xinghai; Wang, Fangqiang; Lan, Xinsheng; Zhou, Yiqian

    2016-01-01

    In order to analyze the cracking and aging reason of the silicone rubber current transformer (CT) insulation bushing used for 8 years from a 500 kV alternating current substation, characteristics including Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, mechanical properties analysis, hardness, and thermo gravimetric analysis have been carried out. The FTIR results indicated that the external surface of the silicone rubber CT insulation bushing suffered from more serious aging than the internal part, fracture of side chain Si-C bond was much more than the backbone. Mechanical properties and thermal stability results illustrated that the main aging reasons were the breakage of side chain Si-C bond and the excessive cross-linking reaction of the backbone. This study can provide valuable basis for evaluating degradation mechanism and aging state of the silicone rubber insulation bushing in electric power field.

  14. Study on the property of Al-Sn-Pb and its bush material clad with steel strip by liquid-solid bond rolling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    AlSn8Pb2Si2.5Cu0.8Cr0.2 (ASP) is a new bush material with high performance, but its bad plasticity limits its application. By studying the effect of silicon content on the performance of this bush material, it was found that the alloy performance and the distribution of tin and lead were affected by the silicon content. When the silicon content was 2.5%,most of the silicon precipitated along the grain boundary, and most of the lead and tin located along the grain boundary continuously, this resulted in the decrease of the bush material's performance. When the silicon content decreased to 1.0%,it distributed more uniformly, the tin and lead phases were spheroidized and became discontinuous, the performance of ASP material was then greatly increased.

  15. Bush Blitz aids description of three new species and a new genus of Australian beeflies (Diptera, Bombyliidae, Exoprosopini).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambkin, Christine L; Bartlett, Justin S

    2011-01-01

    Bush Blitz is a three-year multimillion dollar program to document the plants and animals in hundreds of properties across Australia's National Reserve System. The core focus is on nature discovery - identifying and describing new species of plants and animals. The Bush Blitz program has enabled the collection and description of beeflies (Diptera, Bombyliidae) from surveys in Western Australia and Queensland. Three new species of Australian beeflies belonging to the Exoprosopini are described; Palirika mackenziei Lambkin sp. n., Palirika culgoafloodplainensis Lambkin sp. n., and Larrpana bushblitz Lambkin sp. n. Phylogenetic analysis of 40 Australian exoprosopine species belonging to the Balaana generic-group Lambkin & Yeates 2003 supports the placement of the three new species into existing genera, and the erection and description of the new genus Ngalki Lambkin gen. n. for Ngalki trigonium (Lambkin & Yeates 2003) comb. n. Revised keys are provided for the genera of the Australian Balaana genus-group and the species of Palirika Lambkin & Yeates, 2003 and Larrpana Lambkin & Yeates 2003. With the description of the three new species and the transferral of Munjua trigona Lambkin & Yeates 2003 into the new genus Ngalki Lambkin gen. n., three genera are rediagnosed; Munjua Lambkin & Yeates 2003, Palirika and Larrpana.

  16. Bush Blitz aids description of three new species and a new genus of Australian beeflies (Diptera, Bombyliidae, Exoprosopini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Lambkin

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Bush Blitz is a three-year multimillion dollar program to document the plants and animals in hundreds of properties across Australia’s National Reserve System. The core focus is on nature discovery – identifying and describing new species of plants and animals. The Bush Blitz program has enabled the collection and description of beeflies (Diptera, Bombyliidae from surveys in Western Australia and Queensland. Three new species of Australian beeflies belonging to the Exoprosopini are described; Palirika mackenziei Lambkin, sp. n., Palirika culgoafloodplainensis Lambkin, sp. n., and Larrpana bushblitz Lambkin, sp. n. Phylogenetic analysis of 40 Australian exoprosopine species belonging to the Balaana generic-group Lambkin & Yeates, 2003 supports the placement of the three new species into existing genera, and the erection and description of the new genus Ngalki Lambkin, gen. n. for Ngalki trigonium (Lambkin & Yeates, 2003, comb. n. Revised keys are provided for the genera of the Australian Balaana genus-group and the species of Palirika Lambkin & Yeates, 2003 and Larrpana Lambkin & Yeates, 2003. With the description of the three new species and the transferral of Munjua trigona Lambkin & Yeates, 2003 into the new genus Ngalki Lambkin, gen. n., three genera are rediagnosed; Munjua Lambkin & Yeates, 2003, Palirika and Larrpana.

  17. From 2000 Bush-Gore to 2006 Italian elections: Voting at fifty-fifty and the Contrarian Effect

    CERN Document Server

    Galam, S

    2007-01-01

    A sociophysical model for opinion dynamics is shown to embody a series of recent western hung national votes all set at the unexpected and very improbable edge of a fifty-fifty score. It started with the Bush-Gore 2000 American presidential election, followed by the 2002 Stoiber-Schr\\H{o}der, then the 2005 Schr\\H{o}der-Merkel German elections, and finally the 2006 Prodi-Berlusconi Italian elections. In each case, the country was facing drastic choices, the running competing parties were advocating very different programs and millions of voters were involved. Moreover, polls were given a substantial margin for the predicted winner. While all these events were perceived as accidental and isolated, our model suggests that indeed they are deterministic and obey to one single universal phenomena associated to the effect of contrarian behavior on the dynamics of opinion forming. The not hung Bush-Kerry 2005 presidential election is shown to belong to the same universal frame. To conclude, the existence of contraria...

  18. L’échec de la réforme de la politique d’immigration de l’administration Bush The Failure of the Bush Administration’s Attempts at Reforming American Immigration Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Gervais

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Depuis maintenant plus de 20 ans, les gouvernements américains successifs se battent pour trouver une solution au problème de l’immigration clandestine aux États-Unis. De l’expulsion de tous les clandestins à leur amnistie, de l’abolition de toute couverture sociale pour les immigrés à son augmentation substantielle, toutes les solutions sont proposées et envisagées. Et les inquiétudes de ces vingt dernières années ne sont pas sans rappeler celles du premier congrès continental qui s’inquiétait du risque d’attirer des « indésirables » et de créer une classe d’« assistés » en promettant trop facilement la propriété de la terre aux immigrants. Aujourd’hui, il est impossible de ne pas voir à quel point les immigrés font fonctionner le moteur économique du pays : en tant que consommateurs et en tant que travailleurs. Selon le recensement de 2000, le nombre de résidents nés à l’étranger était de 31,1 millions sur un total de 281,4 millions de personnes. Sous la présidence Bush, 6 millions de personnes étaient arrêtées et renvoyées chez elles. Des chiffres circulent faisant état de quelques 12 millions d’immigrants sans papiers, dont 7 millions seraient employés aux États-Unis. Il est clair que le 11 septembre a changé la donne en introduisant la peur de laisser entrer des terroristes potentiels parmi les candidats à l’immigration aux États-Unis, mais la multiplicité des acteurs dans le débat sur la réforme de la politique d’immigration a fait échouer les tentatives de réforme du gouvernement Bush.For more than 20 years now, successive American administrations have tried to find a solution to the problem of illegal immigration to the United States. From the deportation of all illegal immigrants to their legalization, from taking immigrants off the welfare rolls to increasing their eligibility for aid, every solution seems to have been proposed and examined. The concerns of these

  19. Analysis of Abnormal Chromatographic Data of Transformer HV Bushing%变压器高压套管色谱异常分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘胜军; 何镔; 刘红春

    2012-01-01

    The reason of abnormal chromatographic data of 220kV capacitive oil-paper HV bushing is analyzed. The preventive measures are presented.%分析了一起220kV电容式油纸高压套管色谱异常的故障原因,并提出了预防措施。

  20. The Calm AFTER the Storm: An Interview with Laura Bush about the Caring Power of the Gulf Coast School Library Recovery Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Julie

    2012-01-01

    In 2005, a record breaking 26 named tropical storms including 13 hurricanes ravaged the Gulf Coast of the United States. In response to the devastation of hundreds of schools, the Laura Bush Foundation swiftly created The Gulf Coast School Library Recovery Initiative to help school libraries become fully functional and to offer the needed print…

  1. Contact sensitization to calocephalin, a sesquiterpene lactone of the guaianolide type from cushion bush (Leucophyta brownii, Compositae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Evy; Christensen, Lars P; Hindsén, Monica;

    2013-01-01

    Cushion bush [Leucophyta brownii Cass. = Calocephalus brownii (Cass.) F. Muell.] is an Australian Compositae shrub that has been introduced into Scandinavia as a pot plant. The first case of sensitization occurred in a gardener, and the main allergen was identified as the guaianolide calocephalin....

  2. Restoring Equal Opportunity in Education: An Analysis of Arguments for and against the Bush Administration Single-Sex Education Regulations. Briefing Paper #C368

    Science.gov (United States)

    English, Ashley

    2009-01-01

    In 2006, the George W. Bush Administration issued new Title IX regulations that allow for sex-segregated classrooms and schools in public, non-vocational elementary and secondary schools. These regulations provide schools with another condition that allows them to provide sex-segregated programs as long as they meet an "important governmental…

  3. Characterization of African Bush Mango trees with emphasis on the differences between sweet and bitter trees in the Dahomey Gap (West Africa)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vihotogbe, R.

    2012-01-01

     African bush mango trees (ABMTs) are economically the most important species within the family of Irvingiaceae. They are priority trees producing non-timber forest products (NTFPs) and widely distributed in the humid lowland forests of West and Central Africa. To boost their production and dev

  4. Drag coefficient and plant form response to wind speed in three plant species: Burning Bush (Euonymus alatus), Colorado Blue Spruce (Picea pungens glauca.), and Fountain Grass (Pennisetum setaceum)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillies, J. A.; Nickling, W. G.; King, J.

    2002-12-01

    Whole-plant drag coefficients (Cd) for three plant species: Burning Bush (Euonymus alatus), Colorado Blue Spruce (Picea pungens glauca.), and Fountain Grass (Pennisetum setaceum) in five different porosity configurations were developed from force versus wind speed data collected with a force balance in a recirculating wind tunnel. The average Cd for the Burning Bush, Colorado Spruce, and Fountain Grass in their untrimmed forms were 0.42 (±0.03), 0.39 (±0.04), and 0.34 (±0.06), respectively. Drag curves (Cd versus flow Reynolds number (Re) function) for the Burning Bush and Colorado Spruce were found to exhibit, for the lower porosity configurations, a rise to a maximum around flow Reynolds numbers (Re = ρuhh/ν) of 2 × 105. Fountain Grass Cd was shown to be dependent upon Re to values >5 × 105. The Burning Bush and Colorado Spruce plants reduced their drag, upon reaching their maxima, by decreasing their frontal area and increasing their porosity. Maximum Cd for these plants occurred at optical porosities of ˜0.20. The Fountain Grass reduced drag at high Re by decreasing frontal area and porosity. The mechanism of drag reduction in Fountain Grass was continual reconfiguration to a more aerodynamic form as evidenced by continual reduction of Cd with Re.

  5. Creosote Bush (Larrea tridentata) Improves Insulin Sensitivity and Reduces Plasma and Hepatic Lipids in Hamsters Fed a High Fat and Cholesterol Diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Vecchyo-Tenorio, Georgina; Rodríguez-Cruz, Maricela; Andrade-Cetto, Adolfo; Cárdenas-Vázquez, René

    2016-01-01

    Creosote bush, Larrea tridentata (Sesse y Moc. Ex DC, Zygophyllaceae) is a shrub found in the deserts of Northern Mexico and Southwestern United States. In traditional medicine, it is used to treat a variety of illnesses including type 2 diabetes. The present study aims to investigate the effects of creosote bush ethanolic extract on plasma and liver parameters associated with the metabolic syndrome in hamsters fed a high fat and cholesterol diet (HFD), comparing them with those induced by ezetimibe (EZ). Seven groups of six hamsters each were formed. Six groups were fed HFD for 2 weeks. The following 2 weeks, the HFD groups received: (1) only HFD, (2) HFD + 3 mg% EZ, (3) HFD + 0.2% creosote bush ethanolic extract, (4) only standard diet (Std Diet), (5) Std Diet + 3 mg% EZ, (6) Std Diet + 0.2% creosote bush ethanolic extract. The beneficial effects of creosote bush ethanolic extract in the HFD hamster model were a reduction of insulin resistance, associated with lower serum insulin and leptin, lower hepatic lipid peroxidation and higher liver antioxidant capacity. Plasma and liver lipids tended or were reduced to values closer to those of animals fed standard diet. A similar effect on lipids was induced by EZ, although with even lower hepatic cholesterol and total lipids concentrations. In general, the change from HFD to standard diet plus ethanolic extract induced the same but deeper changes, including a reduction in plasma glucose and an increase in the percentage of HDL cholesterol. Unlike creosote bush extract, EZ increased food consumption and neutral fecal steroids, with no significant effect on body weight, epididymal fat pads, liver peroxidation or antioxidant capacity. Also EZ did not modify serum insulin and leptin. However, insulin sensitivity improved to values similar to those induced by the extract. This suggests that the mechanism of action of creosote bush ethanolic extract is different to inhibition of cholesterol absorption or increase excretion

  6. Creosote Bush (Larrea tridentata) Improves Insulin Sensitivity and Reduces Plasma and Hepatic Lipids in Hamsters Fed a High Fat and Cholesterol Diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Vecchyo-Tenorio, Georgina; Rodríguez-Cruz, Maricela; Andrade-Cetto, Adolfo; Cárdenas-Vázquez, René

    2016-01-01

    Creosote bush, Larrea tridentata (Sesse y Moc. Ex DC, Zygophyllaceae) is a shrub found in the deserts of Northern Mexico and Southwestern United States. In traditional medicine, it is used to treat a variety of illnesses including type 2 diabetes. The present study aims to investigate the effects of creosote bush ethanolic extract on plasma and liver parameters associated with the metabolic syndrome in hamsters fed a high fat and cholesterol diet (HFD), comparing them with those induced by ezetimibe (EZ). Seven groups of six hamsters each were formed. Six groups were fed HFD for 2 weeks. The following 2 weeks, the HFD groups received: (1) only HFD, (2) HFD + 3 mg% EZ, (3) HFD + 0.2% creosote bush ethanolic extract, (4) only standard diet (Std Diet), (5) Std Diet + 3 mg% EZ, (6) Std Diet + 0.2% creosote bush ethanolic extract. The beneficial effects of creosote bush ethanolic extract in the HFD hamster model were a reduction of insulin resistance, associated with lower serum insulin and leptin, lower hepatic lipid peroxidation and higher liver antioxidant capacity. Plasma and liver lipids tended or were reduced to values closer to those of animals fed standard diet. A similar effect on lipids was induced by EZ, although with even lower hepatic cholesterol and total lipids concentrations. In general, the change from HFD to standard diet plus ethanolic extract induced the same but deeper changes, including a reduction in plasma glucose and an increase in the percentage of HDL cholesterol. Unlike creosote bush extract, EZ increased food consumption and neutral fecal steroids, with no significant effect on body weight, epididymal fat pads, liver peroxidation or antioxidant capacity. Also EZ did not modify serum insulin and leptin. However, insulin sensitivity improved to values similar to those induced by the extract. This suggests that the mechanism of action of creosote bush ethanolic extract is different to inhibition of cholesterol absorption or increase excretion

  7. Condition and Health of Rufous Bush Robin (Cercotrichas galactotes) Nestlings in a Polluted Oasis Habitat in Southern Tunisia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaya-Ltifi, Leila; Hayder-Benyahya, Nawel; Selmi, Slaheddine

    2015-06-01

    We investigated whether the proximity to the Gabès-Ghannouche factory complex of phosphate treatment, in south-eastern Tunisia, was associated with notable changes in the condition and health of Rufous bush robin (Cercotrichas galactotes) nestlings hatched in the neighbouring oasis habitat. Results demonstrated that excrements of nestlings hatched in one oasis close to the factory complex contained higher concentrations of lead and zinc than the excrements of nestlings from one oasis situated 20 km away. Furthermore, when effects of age and nestling number in the nest were controlled, nestlings hatched near the factory complex showed reduced tarsus length, rectrix length, haematocrit level and haemoglobin concentration, but higher levels of fluctuating asymmetry compared to those from the more distant oasis. Overall, results suggest that the proximity to the factory complex was associated with increased exposure to metals and deterioration in nestling condition and development.

  8. Integrative Taxonomic Approach for Describing a New Cryptic Species of Bush Frog (Raorchestes: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from the Western Ghats, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priti, H; Roshmi, Rekha Sarma; Ramya, Badrinath; Sudhira, H S; Ravikanth, G; Aravind, Neelavara Anantharam; Gururaja, Kotambylu Vasudeva

    2016-01-01

    A new cryptic species of bush frog Raorchestes honnametti sp. nov. is described from the south-eastern part of the Western Ghats, India. This newly described species belongs to the Charius clade and is morphologically similar to other clade members--R. charius and R. griet. Therefore, an integrative taxonomic approach based on molecular and bioacoustic analysis along with morphology was used to delimit the new species. Raorchestes honnametti sp. nov., is currently known only from Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve, a part of Biligiri Rangaswamy horst mountain range (a mountain formed due movement of two faults) formed during the Late Quaternary period (1.8-2.58 Ma). Discovery of cryptic species from a highly speciose and well-studied genus Raorchestes hints at the possible existence of several more cryptic species in this genus. We discuss the possible reasons for crypsis and emphasize the need for continued systematic surveys of amphibians across the Western Ghats.

  9. Integrative Taxonomic Approach for Describing a New Cryptic Species of Bush Frog (Raorchestes: Anura: Rhacophoridae from the Western Ghats, India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Priti

    Full Text Available A new cryptic species of bush frog Raorchestes honnametti sp. nov. is described from the south-eastern part of the Western Ghats, India. This newly described species belongs to the Charius clade and is morphologically similar to other clade members--R. charius and R. griet. Therefore, an integrative taxonomic approach based on molecular and bioacoustic analysis along with morphology was used to delimit the new species. Raorchestes honnametti sp. nov., is currently known only from Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve, a part of Biligiri Rangaswamy horst mountain range (a mountain formed due movement of two faults formed during the Late Quaternary period (1.8-2.58 Ma. Discovery of cryptic species from a highly speciose and well-studied genus Raorchestes hints at the possible existence of several more cryptic species in this genus. We discuss the possible reasons for crypsis and emphasize the need for continued systematic surveys of amphibians across the Western Ghats.

  10. An endophytic/pathogenic Phoma sp. from creosote bush producing biologically active volatile compounds having fuel potential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strobel, Gary; Singh, Sanjay K; Riyaz-Ul-Hassan, Syed; Mitchell, Angela M; Geary, Brad; Sears, Joe

    2011-07-01

    A Phoma sp. was isolated and characterized as endophytic and as a pathogen of Larrea tridentata (creosote bush) growing in the desert region of southern Utah, USA. This fungus produces a unique mixture of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including a series of sesquiterpenoids, some alcohols and several reduced naphthalene derivatives. Trans-caryophyllene, a product in the fungal VOCs, was also noted in the VOCs of this pungent plant. The gases of Phoma sp. possess antifungal properties and is markedly similar to that of a methanolic extract of the host plant. Some of the test organisms with the greatest sensitivity to the Phoma sp. VOCs were Verticillium, Ceratocystis, Cercospora and Sclerotinia while those being the least sensitive were Trichoderma, Colletotrichum and Aspergillus. We discuss the possible involvement of VOC production by the fungus and its role in the biology/ecology of the fungus/plant/environmental relationship with implications for utilization as an energy source.

  11. Reliability of the Brownish-flanked Bush Warbler’s soft song in male-male conflict

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Canwei; Xia; Boye; Liu; Daiping; Wang; Huw; Lloyd; Yanyun; Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Background: Soft song is a low-amplitude song produced by many birds. Recent studies have confirmed that soft song is an aggressive signal. For example, the Brownish-flanked Bush Warblers Cettia fortipes use soft song in male-male conflicts, particularly prior to attacks. Although stable signaling systems require that signals be honest on average,models predict that cheating is an acceptable strategy for some individuals or in some contexts.Methods: This study aimed to test the reliability of soft song as an aggressive signal in the brownish-flanked bush warbler. We used mounted specimens accompanied by broadcast songs or soft songs to simulate a male attempting to invade an existing territory.Results: We found the mounted specimen that coupled playback of soft songs suffered more and quicker attacks from the territory owner and that the relationship between soft song and subsequent attack in the territory owner was far from perfect. We observed territory owners that both over-signaled(i.e., produced soft song but did not attack) and under-signaled(i.e., attacked without producing soft song). Under-signaling territory owners were relatively more commonly than were over-signaling territory owners, particularly in simulated intrusion that coupled playback of soft song with a mount specimen.Conclusions: We discuss the cost of producing soft song and the potential benefit of the unreliable use of soft song and propose a new hypothesis for under-signaling with soft song; i.e., under-signaling territory owners might benefit from taking the initiative in fights.

  12. Reliability of the Brownish-flanked Bush Warbler’s soft song in male-male conflict

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Canwei Xia; Boye Liu; Daiping Wang; Huw Lloyd; Yanyun Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Background:Soft song is a low-amplitude song produced by many birds. Recent studies have confirmed that soft song is an aggressive signal. For example, the Brownish-flanked Bush Warblers Cettia fortipes use soft song in male-male conflicts, particularly prior to attacks. Although stable signaling systems require that signals be honest on average, models predict that cheating is an acceptable strategy for some individuals or in some contexts. Methods:This study aimed to test the reliability of soft song as an aggressive signal in the brownish-flanked bush warbler. We used mounted specimens accompanied by broadcast songs or soft songs to simulate a male attempting to invade an existing territory. Results:We found the mounted specimen that coupled playback of soft songs suffered more and quicker attacks from the territory owner and that the relationship between soft song and subsequent attack in the territory owner was far from perfect. We observed territory owners that both over-signaled (i.e., produced soft song but did not attack) and under-signaled (i.e., attacked without producing soft song). Under-signaling territory owners were relatively more commonly than were over-signaling territory owners, particularly in simulated intrusion that coupled playback of soft song with a mount specimen. Conclusions:We discuss the cost of producing soft song and the potential benefit of the unreliable use of soft song and propose a new hypothesis for under-signaling with soft song;i.e., under-signaling territory owners might benefit from taking the initiative in fights.

  13. Study of the Impact of Initial Moisture Content in Oil Impregnated Insulation Paper on Thermal Aging Rate of Condenser Bushing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youyuan Wang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper studied the impact of moisture on the correlated characteristics of the condenser bushings oil-paper insulation system. The oil-impregnated paper samples underwent accelerated thermal aging at 130 °C after preparation at different initial moisture contents (1%, 3%, 5% and 7%. All the samples were extracted periodically for the measurement of the moisture content, the degree of polymerization (DP and frequency domain dielectric spectroscopy (FDS. Next, the measurement results of samples were compared to the related research results of transformer oil-paper insulation, offering a theoretical basis of the parameter analysis. The obtained results show that the moisture fluctuation amplitude can reflect the different initial moisture contents of insulating paper and the mass ratio of oil and paper has little impact on the moisture content fluctuation pattern in oil-paper but has a great impact on moisture fluctuation amplitude; reduction of DP presents an accelerating trend with the increase of initial moisture content, and the aging rate of test samples is higher under low moisture content but lower under high moisture content compared to the insulation paper in transformers. Two obvious “deceleration zones” appeared in the dielectric spectrum with the decrease of frequency, and not only does the integral value of dielectric dissipation factor (tan δ reflect the aging degree, but it reflects the moisture content in solid insulation. These types of research in this paper can be applied to evaluate the condition of humidified insulation and the aging state of solid insulation for condenser bushings.

  14. Parasitoid pressure and the radiation of a gallforming group (Cecidomyiidae: Asphondylia spp.) on creosote bush (Larrea tridentata).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waring, G L; Price, P W

    1989-05-01

    We tested the Enemy Impact Hypothesis, which predicts that communities of one tropic level are organized by the tropic level above. In the case of gallforming insect communities, the hypothesis predicts that gall morphology will diverge, minimizing the number of parasitoids shared among species. We used the monophyletic group of gallforming cecidomyiids (Asphondylia spp.) on creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) to test this hypothesis, predicting that species with thicker gall walls should exclude species of parasitoids with shorter ovipositors and have lower levels of parasitism. Of 17 parasitoid species reared from Asphondylia galls on creosote bush, 9 accounted for over 98% of parasitism. Seven of these 9 species had ovipositors long enough to penetrate 10 of 13 gall morphs measured. There was no significant relationship between gall wall thickness and number of associated parasitoid species (r (2)=0.01, P>0.05, n=13). There was no relationship between gall wall thickness and types of parasitoid species colonizing galls: parasitoids with the shortest ovipositors colonized all types of gall morphs and were dominant members of the parasitoid assemblages in galls with the thickest walls. Ultimately, there were no significant differences in percent parasitism among Asphondylia species, regardless of gall wall thickness. We found no difference in numbers of associated parasitoids or percent parasitism in galls with different textures (e.g. hairy versus smooth), different locations on the plant or different phenologies. Our results suggest that enemy impact has not influenced the diversity of this gall community. Gall wall thickness, phenology, location on the plant and surface structure do not appear to influence the distribution of parasitoid species. Other explanations are offered to account for diversity in gall morphology among these species.

  15. Guaianolides and a seco-Eudesmane from the Resinous Exudates of Cushion Bush (Leucophyta brownii) and Evaluation of Their Cytostatic and Anti-inflammatory Activity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hyldgaard, Mette G; Purup, Stig; Bond, Andrew D

    2015-01-01

    A detailed phytochemical investigation of a dichloromethane extract of the resinous exudates of the cushion bush plant (Leucophyta brownii) resulted in the isolation of the new 8,12-guaianolides leucophytalins A (5) and B (6), the new 1,10-seco-eudesmane leucophytalin C (10), six rare 8,12-guaian......A detailed phytochemical investigation of a dichloromethane extract of the resinous exudates of the cushion bush plant (Leucophyta brownii) resulted in the isolation of the new 8,12-guaianolides leucophytalins A (5) and B (6), the new 1,10-seco-eudesmane leucophytalin C (10), six rare 8......,12-guaianolides (1–4, 7, and 8), and the xanthanolide tomentosin (9). The structures of all isolated compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic and spectrometric analyses. The structures of compounds isolated in crystalline form, including leucophytalins A and C, were further confirmed by X...

  16. EFECTO DE LA ALTURA DEL MANGUITO EN UNIONES SOLDADAS EN CAÑERÍAS DE COBRE BUSHING HEIGHT EFFECT IN SOLDERED COPPER PIPE JOINTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Carmona

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Se perforó un tubo de cobre de 28,6 mm de diámetro, por el proceso de taladrado por fluencia térmica (TFT. Se prepararon manguitos de diferentes alturas, haciendo un preperforado con brocas convencionales HSS de diferentes diámetros. Se seleccionaron manguitos de dos alturas diferentes. Se determinó la circularidad de la perforación. Se soldó un tubo cobre de ø 12,7 mm en forma perpendicular a un tubo de cobre de ø 28,6 mm y se determinó la resistencia a la tracción de la unión soldada, para lo cual se diseñó un dispositivo mecánico que fue adaptado en la máquina universal de ensayos. Se hicieron ensayos de microdureza y metalografía de la unión. Se concluyó que el manguito de menor altura es suficiente para que la unión alcance la máxima resistencia.Copper tubes were drilled with thermal flow drilling. Conventional HSS drills diameters were used to make pre drilling holes. Different height bushings were made. Two of the bushing heights were selected. The bushing circularity was measured. A ø 12,7 mm tube was welded perpendicularly on a ø 28,6 mm tube. A especial support device was designed and it was adapted to the Universal Test Machine, to determine the tensile stress of the brazing joint. The micro hardness and metallographic test were made in the brazing zone. As a conclusion the lower height bushing is enough to reach the maximum resistance.

  17. Alterity in the representation of immigrants in the presidential speeches of George W. Bush (2001-2009): a critical discourse study

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The dissertation undertakes a critical discourse analysis on the presidential speeches of GW Bush in search for patterns of alterity in the representation of immigrants. It provides a complex background for the analysis of the role played by immigration in North American society, politics and public debate, at the light of which linguistic expressions encountered to refer to immigrants are interpreted. The methodological frame used for the corpus-driven linguistic analysis of the almost 3,...

  18. 关于汽车稳定杆衬套异响问题研究%Study of vehicle stabilizer bar bushing noise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫勇; 吴磊; 邓帅

    2016-01-01

    Stabilizer bar bushing and support have the function of holding, buffer, vibration isolation, noise reduction, and provide some torsional rigidity, stability control in the process of turning and improve vehicle driving. Through the stabilizer bar bushing problem encountered in the work, and make the improvement measures and improve the effect of analysis and induction, stabilizer bar bushing for subsequent model provides the theory basis for structure design and application.%汽车横向稳定杆衬套及支架一起为横向稳定杆提供支撑、缓冲、隔振、降噪及提供部分扭转刚度的作用,并提升车辆转弯行驶过程中的操控稳定性。通过工作中遇到稳定杆衬套异响问题,以及进行的改进措施和改进效果进行分析、归纳,为后续车型稳定杆衬套结构设计、应用提供理论依据。

  19. 汽车控制臂橡胶衬套结构参数优化%Structural Parameters Optimization of Rubber Bushing on Automotive Control Arm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文国; 魏志刚

    2015-01-01

    基于Python的ABAQUS二次开发技术,对汽车控制臂橡胶衬套进行结构参数优化。以橡胶衬套的设计刚度为优化目标,以橡胶衬套的结构参数为设计变量,通过Python语言脚本,实现结构参数的自动变化和输出数据的自动处理,最后找到一组最优的结构参数,能同时满足橡胶衬套X和Y两个方向的刚度要求。%By using Abaqus secondary development based on Python ,structural parameters of rubber bushing are optimized. Optimization target is the design stiffness of rubber bushing. Python language control is used to realize automatic change of structural parameters and automatic processing of the data output. Finally optimal structural parameters are obtained to meet the X direction and Y direction of the rubber bushing in both directions of the stiffness requirements.

  20. Differentiation of manuka honey from kanuka honey and from jelly bush honey using HS-SPME-GC/MS and UHPLC-PDA-MS/MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beitlich, Nicole; Koelling-Speer, Isabelle; Oelschlaegel, Stefanie; Speer, Karl

    2014-07-01

    In the present study, pollen-identical pure manuka and kanuka honeys and an Australian jelly bush honey were analyzed for the nonvolatiles by UHPLC-PDA-MS/MS and for the volatiles by HS-SPME-GC/MS. A chromatographic profile matchup by means of characteristic marker compounds achieved a clear discrimination between manuka, kanuka, and jelly bush honey. UHPLC-PDA profiles of manuka honey show leptosin, acetyl-2-hydroxy-4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxobutanate, 3-hydroxy-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-penta-1,4-dione, kojic acid, 5-methyl-3-furancarboxylic acid, and two unknown compounds as prominent, kanuka honey was characterized by 4-methoxyphenyllactic acid, methyl syringate, p-anisic acid, and lumichrome. 2-Methylbenzofuran, 2'-hydroxyacetophenone, and 2'-methoxyacetophenone were markant volatiles for manuka honey, whereas kanuka honey was characterized by 2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexene-1,4-dione, phenethyl alcohol, p-anisaldehyde, and an unknown compound in HS-SPME-GC/MS. The jelly bush honey differed from the manuka honey by higher contents of 2-methoxybenzoic acid and an individual unknown substance in the PDA profile and by lower intensities of 2'-methoxyacetophenone, higher concentrations of cis-linalool oxide, and 3,4,5-trimethylphenol in the HS-SPME-GC/MS profile.

  1. Analysis of a Burned-out Failure of Transformer Bushing%一起进口套管烧损故障情况介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟; 韩金华; 郭运明; 赵磊; 王震宇

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, according to the test phenomenon and field inspection, a typical burned-out failure of 550 kV transformer bushing in Henan Power Grid is introduced. The cause of the burned-out failure of the transformer bushing is found out to be insufficient pull of the draw rod through the disassembled inspection and structure analysis of the failed bushing. Relevant preventive measures such as testing pull force of draw rod and strengthening the technical exchange between manufacturers and users are provided.%笔者对河南电网1台550 kV变压器套管烧损的典型故障从试验现象、检查情况等方面进行了介绍,通过对故障套管的解体检查和结构分析,指出拉杆式套管拉杆拉力不够是造成这次变压器套管烧损故障的原因,并据此提出了对拉杆式套管进行拉杆拉力检查、加强制造者与使用者间的技术交流等防范措施.

  2. Microwave Limb Sounder observations of biomass-burning products from the Australian bush fires of February 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. C. Pumphrey

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The large bush fires which occurred in southeast Australia in February 2009 were unusually destructive. However, they were also unusual in the amounts of various combustion products which were injected directly into the stratosphere. We report the observations by the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS instrument on the Aura satellite of some of these combustion products. The highest quality observations are of CO; these clearly show a large region of enhanced mixing ratios to the north of New Zealand which remains in that region for about ten days before drifting westwards and finally dissipating over the Atlantic about a month after the fire. Back trajectories run from the points where MLS observes enhanced CO pass close to the site of the fire. The MLS observations of CH3CN and HCN resemble those of CO except for their poorer vertical resolution and more limited vertical range. An apparent enhancement in ClO is also observed by MLS, but detailed analysis of the measured radiances reveals this feature to be a signature of CH3OH, which is not currently retrieved by the MLS data processing system. The fires of February 2009 are the only event of this type and magnitude in the 6-yr MLS record.

  3. Microwave Limb Sounder observations of biomass-burning products from the Australian bush fires of February 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. C. Pumphrey

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The large bush fires which occurred in southeast Australia in February 2009 were unusually destructive. However, they were also unusual in the amounts of various combustion products which were injected directly into the stratosphere. We report the observations by the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS instrument on the Aura satellite of some of these combustion products. The highest quality observations are of CO; these clearly show a large region of enhanced mixing ratios to the north of New Zealand which remains in that region for about ten days before drifting westwards and finally dissipating over the Atlantic about a month after the fire. The region of enhanced CO ascends from the tropopause to 46 hPa during this period. Back trajectories run from the points where MLS observes enhanced CO pass close to the site of the fire. The MLS observations of CH3CN and HCN resemble those of CO except for their poorer vertical resolution and more limited vertical range. An apparent enhancement in ClO is also observed by MLS, but detailed analysis of the measured radiances reveals this feature to be a signature of CH3OH, which is not currently retrieved by the MLS data processing system. The fires of February 2009 are the only event of this type and magnitude in the 7-yr MLS record.

  4. New functionally dioecious bush tomato from northwestern Australia, Solanum ossicruentum, may utilize “trample burr” dispersal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martine, Christopher T.; Cantley, Jason T.; Frawley, Emma S.; Butler, Alice R.; Jordon-Thaden, Ingrid E.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract A new Australian species of functionally dioecious bush tomato of Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum is described. Solanum ossicruentum Martine & J.Cantley, sp. nov., is thought to be allied with members of the problematic “Dioicum Complex” lineage, but differs in its short silvery indumentum, long calyx lobes, larger stature, and an unusual fruit morphology that may represent “trample burr” seed dispersal. The species occurs in a range extending from the eastern Kimberley in Western Australia to far northwestern Northern Territory and has been recognized for decades as a variant of Solanum dioicum W.Fitzg. Specimens of this species were previously referred to by D.E. Symon and others as Solanum dioicum ‘Tanami.’ Ex situ crossing studies and SEM images of inaperturate pollen grains produced in morphologically hermaphrodite flowers indicate that this taxon is functionally dioecious. The scientific name was chosen with the help of 150 seventh grade life science students from Pennsylvania, USA. PMID:27489475

  5. Boumediene v. Bush and the extraterritorial reach of the U.S. Constitution A step towards judicial cosmopolitanism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marc Piret

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article I analyse the Supreme Court’s landmark ruling in Boumediene v. Bush against the background of the discussion concerning the extraterritorial scope of the U.S. Constitution. The long-standing discussion about the scope of constitutional rights is situated within the theoretical framework elaborated by Gerald Neuman who distinguishes between membership models, universalism, ‘global due process’ and the model of ‘mutual obligations’. The last model, which is based on a limited government perspective tends towards the ideal of judicial cosmopolitanism. I argue that Justice Kennedy’s opinion for the Court does not live up to the cosmopolitan ideal of the model of mutual obligations as it was elaborated in Justice Brennan’s dissent in Verdugo and that Kennedy’s casuistic and flexible approach lends itself to possible manipulation. I argue that this danger can be reduced by adopting the minimum standards of international law as a second order framework for constitutional interpretation and I show that the ethical nexus between effective control and responsibility is common to the normative model of mutual obligations, on the one hand, and to the framework adopted in European human rights law and international humanitarian law, on the other.

  6. L’évolution de l’affirmative action aux États-Unis sous la présidence de George W. Bush Evolution of Affirmative Action in the United States during the Presidency of George W. Bush

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Pauwels

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available L’offensive contre l’affirmative action engagée depuis les années 1980 s’est accrue pendant les deux mandats de la présidence Bush, et l’opinion publique s’est radicalisée, percevant désormais de plus en plus fréquemment ces programmes comme une série d’avantages indûment octroyés à un certain nombre de « privilégiés ». Tout programme d’affirmative action doit désormais être étayé par des disparity studies démontrant la réalité de la discrimination, et seules des mesures très ciblées (narrowly tailored sont autorisées pour y remédier. La charge de la preuve a été en quelque sorte inversée. Mais contrairement aux idées reçues, l’affirmative action n’est pas sur le point de disparaître aux États-Unis et malgré son hostilité de principe, le gouvernement Bush n’a pris aucune mesure concrète pour démanteler ces programmes. L’affirmative action connaît aujourd’hui plusieurs transformations majeures, l’évolution la plus marquante étant l’effacement du critère ethno-racial au profit de critères plus neutres et moins idéologiquement polarisants, essentiellement d’ordre géographique et territorial. Dans l’enseignement supérieur par exemple, des procédures d’admission codées ont vu le jour pour favoriser l’accès des minorités ethniques sous-représentées aux campus d’élite, et diverses stratégies de contournement ont été mises en place dans l’adjudication des marchés publics. Ces transformations sont également intéressantes à analyser d’un point de vue transnational, puisque l’on observe une convergence croissante avec le modèle français de discrimination positive, lui aussi fondé sur le camouflage et l’euphémisation de l’identité ethno-raciale et sur une logique de territoire.This article examines the fate of affirmative action in the United States during the eight years of the Bush administration. After a brief reminder of the major landmarks

  7. Les relations économiques sino-américaines pendant les années Bush (2001-2008 : vers une stratégie de « dissuasion économique » ? US-China Relations during the Bush Presidency, 2001-2008: Towards a Strategy of “Economic Deterrence”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliette Bourdin

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Au cours de la présidence de George W. Bush, les relations économiques sino-américaines se sont caractérisées par une interdépendance croissante, tant au niveau des enjeux commerciaux que des enjeux financiers. Si les questions du déficit de la balance commerciale et des droits de la propriété intellectuelle faisaient déjà débat pendant la présidence de Bill Clinton, en revanche les questions financières de la valeur du renminbi et des réserves chinoises de bons du Trésor sont apparues pendant les années Bush. Alors que l’administration Bush prônait initialement une stratégie de « congagement » (endiguement/ engagement et définissait la Chine comme un « concurrent stratégique », non seulement le 11-Septembre a modifié les priorités immédiates de Washington mais, du fait de l’interdépendance économique sino-américaine, il semble que la « dissuasion économique » soit désormais la seule stratégie réaliste dans les relations entre Washington et Pékin.During the presidency of George W. Bush, the main characteristic of US-China economic relations was an increasing interdependency in the field of trade as well as over financial issues. If trade imbalance and intellectual property rights were already matters for debate during the presidency of Bill Clinton, the issues of the value of the renminbi and of Chinese holdings of US Treasury bonds emerged during the Bush years. While the Bush administration had initially advocated a strategy of “congagement” (containment/ engagement and had defined China as a “strategic competitor”, not only did 9/11 change Washington’s immediate priorities, but, with the US-China economic interdependency, the only realistic strategy between Washington and Beijing seemed to consist in “economic deterrence.”

  8. Creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) resin increases water demands and reduces energy availability in desert woodrats (Neotoma lepida).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangione, Antonio M; Dearing, M Denise; Karasov, William H

    2004-07-01

    Although many plant secondary compounds are known to have serious consequences for herbivores, the costs of processing them are generally unknown. Two potential costs of ingestion and detoxification of secondary compounds are elevation of the minimum drinking water requirement and excretion of energetically expensive metabolites (i.e., glucuronides) in the urine. To address these impacts, we studied the costs of ingestion of resin from creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) on desert woodrats (Neotoma lepida). The following hypotheses were tested: ingestion of creosote resin by woodrats (1) increases minimum water requirement and (2) reduces energy available by increasing fecal and urinary energy losses. We tested the first hypothesis, by measuring the minimum water requirement of woodrats fed a control diet with and without creosote resin. Drinking water was given in decreasing amounts until woodrats could no longer maintain constant body mass. In two separate experiments, the minimum drinking water requirement of woodrats fed resin was higher than that of controls by 18-30% (about 1-1.7 ml/d). We tested several potential mechanisms of increased water loss associated with the increase in water requirement. The rate of fecal water loss was higher in woodrats consuming resin. Neither urinary water nor evaporative water loss was affected by ingestion of resin. Hypothesis 2 was tested by measuring energy fluxes of woodrats consuming control vs. resin-treated diets. Woodrats on a resin diet had higher urinary energy losses and, thus, metabolized a lower proportion of the dietary energy than did woodrats on control diet. Fecal energy excretion was not affected by resin. The excretion of glucuronic acid represented almost half of the energy lost as a consequence of resin ingestion. The increased water requirement and energy losses of woodrats consuming a diet with resin could have notable ecological consequences.

  9. "If you don't believe it, it won't help you": use of bush medicine in treating cancer among Aboriginal people in Western Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bessarab Dawn

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the use of bush medicine and traditional healing among Aboriginal Australians for their treatment of cancer and the meanings attached to it. A qualitative study that explored Aboriginal Australians' perspectives and experiences of cancer and cancer services in Western Australia provided an opportunity to analyse the contemporary meanings attached and use of bush medicine by Aboriginal people with cancer in Western Australia Methods Data collection occurred in Perth, both rural and remote areas and included individual in-depth interviews, observations and field notes. Of the thirty-seven interviews with Aboriginal cancer patients, family members of people who died from cancer and some Aboriginal health care providers, 11 participants whose responses included substantial mention on the issue of bush medicine and traditional healing were selected for the analysis for this paper. Results The study findings have shown that as part of their healing some Aboriginal Australians use traditional medicine for treating their cancer. Such healing processes and medicines were preferred by some because it helped reconnect them with their heritage, land, culture and the spirits of their ancestors, bringing peace of mind during their illness. Spiritual beliefs and holistic health approaches and practices play an important role in the treatment choices for some patients. Conclusions Service providers need to acknowledge and understand the existence of Aboriginal knowledge (epistemology and accept that traditional healing can be an important addition to an Aboriginal person's healing complementing Western medical treatment regimes. Allowing and supporting traditional approaches to treatment reflects a commitment by modern medical services to adopting an Aboriginal-friendly approach that is not only culturally appropriate but assists with the cultural security of the service.

  10. A high sensibility technique to detect the incipient defects in high tension bushings; Una tecnica de alta sensibilidad para detectar defectos incipientes en boquillas de alta tension

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robles Pimentel, Edgar; Mestizo Rivera, Antolin; Romero Camberos, Ramon [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    In this article a testing technique to locate incipient faults in transformer bushings is reported, specifically the one related to the internal disconnection of the capacitive tap, which is exemplified with a device having a problem of this kind. [Espanol] En el presente articulo se reporta una tecnica de prueba para localizar fallas incipientes en las boquillas de los transformadores, especificamente la relacionada con la desconexion interna del tap capacitivo, lo cual se ejemplifica con un dispositivo que padece un problema de ese tipo.

  11. L’environnement naturel et le changement climatique pendant les années Bush : la pertinence d’une différenciation des échelles territoriales Climate Change and the Natural Environment in the Bush Years: The Relevance of Territorial Scale Differentiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Ghorra-Gobin

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available L’attitude de l’administration fédérale au cours des huit années de l’administration Bush contraste avec celle du contexte des années 1960-1970 pour ce qui concerne la prise en compte de l’environnement naturel dans les décisions économiques. Toutefois, cet engagement limité du président Bush sur la question du changement climatique dans les débats internationaux n’a pas pour autant réduit les capacités de mobilisation des États et des villes sur ce thème.On the issue of whether climate change should be taken into account in economic decisions, the federal administration’s attitude during the Bush Presidency sharply contrasted with the attitudes of earlier administrations, particularly in the 1960’s and 1970’s. The limited concern for climate change which the federal government exhibited in the international arena did not reduce, however, the mobilization of states and local communities on this issue.

  12. Crimes et châtiments dans le monde de la finance pendant les années Bush Crime and Punishment in the World of Finance during the Bush Administration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Régine Hollander

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Le premier mandat de George W. Bush est ébranlé par une série de scandales dans le monde de l’entreprise et de la finance qui provoque une vague de réformes au sein du Congrès et des autorités de réglementation. La loi Sarbanes-Oxley, votée en 2002, a pour but d’accroître les contrôles financiers et de prévenir la fraude. Simultanément un dispositif répressif, destiné à prouver que le crime ne paie pas et à redonner confiance aux petits investisseurs, est mis en place. Les entreprises paient de lourdes amendes, mais les individus sont aussi mis au banc des accusés. Armé du Martin Act qui lui donne de larges pouvoirs, le Procureur Général de l’État de New York, Eliot Spitzer, poursuit sans relâche les coupables. On fait appel au sens moral de chacun et encourage la dénonciation. Cependant Sarbanes-Oxley a des effets pervers sur l’activité des marchés financiers. Elle décourage les introductions en bourse sur la place de New York et incite les entreprises à sortir de la cote. Des voix s’élèvent pour réclamer une déréglementation qui rendrait la place de New York plus attractive pour les entreprises. Mais voilà qu’en septembre 2008, la tourmente née de la titrisation des crédits à risque déclenche un maelström qui engouffre les institutions les plus prestigieuses de Wall Street. Les régulateurs reprennent l’avant de la scène et le risque est nationalisé, punissant les contribuables d’un crime dont ils ne se sentent pas responsables. L’effet de la crise financière sur l’économie réelle impose un changement de paradigme. Il ne s’agit plus de châtier, mais de sauver un secteur bancaire en désarroi pour préserver le mode de vie des Américains.George W. Bush’s first presidential term was shaken by a series of scandals in the corporate and financial world. Congress and regulatory authorities responded by enacting a wave of reforms. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act, passed in 2002, aimed at

  13. Ilves, Bush discuss cybersecurity

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    25. juunil 2007 Washingtonis toimunud USA presidendi George W. Bushi ja Eesti presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kohtumisel oli kõne all NATO küberkaitsekeskuse loomine Eestisse. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 25.-26.06.2007

  14. Fate of the explosive hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) in soil and bioaccumulation in bush bean hydroponic plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harvey, S.D.; Fellows, R.J.; Cataldo, D.A.; Bean, R.M. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States))

    1991-01-01

    Soils amended with [[sup 14]C]hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) were sampled over 60 d and subjected to exhaustive Soxhlet extraction followed by HPLC analysis. RDX was the only radiolabeled compound observed in soil extracts. Emission of volatile organics and [sup 14]CO[sub 2] from soil accounted for only 0.31 % of the amended radiolabel. Mass balance for RDX-amended soil was better than 84% throughout the two-month study. The analytical method developed for plants involved acid hydrolysis, solvent extraction, fractionation on Florisil adsorbent and separation by HPLC. The described methodology allowed for RDX recovery of 86 [+-] 3% from fortified bush bean leaf tissue. Further experiments were conducted with bush bean plants maintained on RDX-containing hydroponic solutions. Hydroponic plants did not emit detectable amounts of [sup 14]CO[sub 2] or radiolabeled volatile organics. Analysis of the plant tissue indicated bioaccumulation of RDX in the aerial tissues of hydroponic plants exposed for either 1 or 7 d. Metabolism of RDX to polar metabolites was observed in plants exposed for 7 d.

  15. Factors affecting the effects of EDU on growth and yield of field-grown bush beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), with varying degrees of sensitivity to ozone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elagöz, Vahram; Manning, William J

    2005-08-01

    The effects of foliar applications of ethylenediurea (EDU) on responses to ozone by field-grown bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) lines 'S156' (O(3)-sensitive) and 'R123' (O(3)-tolerant), and cultivars 'BBL 290' (O(3)-sensitive) and 'BBL 274' (O(3)-tolerant) were investigated during the 2001 and 2002 growing seasons. EDU was applied weekly to designated plants between primary leaf expansion and pod senescence. Results were compared with control plants at harvests made at pod maturation and pod senescence. In 2001, average hourly ambient O(3) concentrations ranged between 41 and 59 ppb for a total of 303 h; in 2002, for 355 h. EDU applications prior to pod maturation significantly increased the number of marketable pods in 'R123', but not for the other cultivars. Harvests at pod senescence showed significant improvements in crop yield production in EDU-treated 'S156' plants, whereas for EDU-treated 'R123' plants significant reductions were determined in above-ground biomass and seed production. In contrast, results from 'BBL 290' and 'BBL 274' at both harvest points were inconclusive. Growth and reproductive responses of O(3)-sensitive and O(3)-tolerant bush bean plants to EDU applications varied, depending on developmental stages, duration of EDU applications, and fluctuations in ambient O(3).

  16. La influencia de los grupos protestantes evangélicos en la orientación de la política exterior estadounidense hacia el Estado de Israel durante el gobierno de George Walker Bush

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Desde el segundo gobierno de George Walker Bush, estudiosos de las Relaciones Internacionales, analistas políticos, periodistas y los medios de comunicación en general, manifestaron su preocupación por el lenguaje religioso que dicho presidente usaba en sus discursos, y por la forma como las posturas religiosas del gobierno Bush estaban afectando la política exterior de los Estados Unidos. Surgieron hipótesis que indicaban una fuerte influencia evangélica en la toma de decisiones del mandatar...

  17. La expansión yihadista en el norte de Africa respecto a la denominada política de guerra global contra el terror de George W. Bush

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    La denominada política de guerra global contra el terrorismo implementada por la Administración de George W. Bush propició un incremento de la inseguridad internacional tras la supervivencia operativa de al-Qaeda gracias a su cambio de modelo de funcio

  18. Impacts of the diversity of traditional uses and potential economic value on food tree species conservation status: case study of African bush mango trees (Irvingiaceae) in the Dahomey Gap (West Africa).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vihotogbé, R.; Kakai, R.G.; Bongers, F.; Andel, van T.; Berg, van den R.G.; Sinsin, B.; Sosef, M.S.M.

    2014-01-01

    Background and aims – Bitter and sweet African bush mango trees belong to the family Irvingiaceae and produce valuable non-timber forest products in humid lowland areas of West and Central Africa. The bitter and sweet types are treated as distinct taxa at the variety or species level. They have not

  19. Une évaluation de l’impact des politiques de l’administration Bush sur les exportations canadiennes dans le contexte de l’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain An Assessment of Bush Administration Policies on Canadian Exports in the Context of the North American Free Trade Agreement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Vaillancourt

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Du point de vue du Canada, qui dépend des États-Unis pour 70-80 % de son commerce extérieur, l’évolution des échanges commerciaux est une dimension majeure d’un bilan des années Bush. Notre étude vise à évaluer l’impact du libre-échange sur les exportations canadiennes vers les États-Unis et en particulier l’impact des mesures prises sous la présidence Bush. Nous commençons par un survol de l’évolution des flux de commerce entre le Canada et ses partenaires nord-américains. La deuxième section porte sur la mise en place de l’Accord de libre-échange canado-américain (ALE et de l’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALENA. La troisième section traite de la plus récente période, qui s’amorce au lendemain des attentats terroristes du 11 septembre 2001. Nous évaluons les effets des politiques américaines de sécurité adoptées suite à ces événements, qui ont semblé reléguer le partenariat économique de la région au second plan. La dernière section présente les résultats de notre modélisation économétrique des impacts des accords de libre-échange et du resserrement des politiques de sécurité à la frontière sur les exportations canadiennes vers les États-Unis. Dans l’ensemble, nous observons que l’ALENA a eu un impact positif important sur les exportations canadiennes et que cet impact bénéfique s’est maintenu pendant les années Bush. Toutefois, le resserrement des contrôles à la frontière des États-Unis a représenté l’équivalent d’un tarif sur les exportations vers ce pays et un fardeau non négligeable pour les entreprises canadiennes.Viewed from Canada, which conducts 70-80 percent of its foreign trade with the United States, the evolution of commercial flows is a major component in assessing the George W. Bush presidency. This study evaluates the impact of trade agreements on Canadian exports to the US, with a particular emphasis on the effects of measures taken by

  20. A long-term experimental case study of the ecological effectiveness and cost effectiveness of invasive plant management in achieving conservation goals: bitou bush control in booderee national park in eastern australia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David B Lindenmayer

    Full Text Available Invasive plant management is often justified in terms of conservation goals, yet progress is rarely assessed against these broader goals, instead focussing on short-term reductions of the invader as a measure of success. Key questions commonly remain unanswered including whether invader removal reverses invader impacts and whether management itself has negative ecosystem impacts. We addressed these knowledge gaps using a seven year experimental investigation of Bitou Bush, Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotundata. Our case study took advantage of the realities of applied management interventions for Bitou Bush to assess whether it is a driver or passenger of environmental change, and quantified conservation benefits relative to management costs of different treatment regimes. Among treatments examined, spraying with herbicide followed by burning and subsequent re-spraying (spray-fire-spray proved the most effective for reducing the number of individuals and cover of Bitou Bush. Other treatment regimes (e.g. fire followed by spraying, or two fires in succession were less effective or even exacerbated Bitou Bush invasion. The spray-fire-spray regime did not increase susceptibility of treated areas to re-invasion by Bitou Bush or other exotic species. This regime significantly reduced plant species richness and cover, but these effects were short-lived. The spray-fire-spray regime was the most cost-effective approach to controlling a highly invasive species and facilitating restoration of native plant species richness to levels characteristic of uninvaded sites. We provide a decision tree to guide management, where recommended actions depend on the outcome of post-treatment monitoring and performance against objectives. Critical to success is avoiding partial treatments and treatment sequences that may exacerbate invasive species impacts. We also show the value of taking advantage of unplanned events, such as wildfires, to achieve management

  1. Factors affecting the effects of EDU on growth and yield of field-grown bush beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), with varying degrees of sensitivity to ozone

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elagoez, Vahram [Plant Biology Graduate Program, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States)]. E-mail: velagoz@nsm.umass.edu; Manning, William J. [Department of Plant, Soil and Insect Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States)

    2005-08-15

    The effects of foliar applications of ethylenediurea (EDU) on responses to ozone by field-grown bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) lines 'S156' (O{sub 3}-sensitive) and 'R123' (O{sub 3}-tolerant), and cultivars 'BBL 290' (O{sub 3}-sensitive) and 'BBL 274' (O{sub 3}-tolerant) were investigated during the 2001 and 2002 growing seasons. EDU was applied weekly to designated plants between primary leaf expansion and pod senescence. Results were compared with control plants at harvests made at pod maturation and pod senescence. In 2001, average hourly ambient O{sub 3} concentrations ranged between 41 and 59 ppb for a total of 303 h; in 2002, for 355 h. EDU applications prior to pod maturation significantly increased the number of marketable pods in 'R123', but not for the other cultivars. Harvests at pod senescence showed significant improvements in crop yield production in EDU-treated 'S156' plants, whereas for EDU-treated 'R123' plants significant reductions were determined in above-ground biomass and seed production. In contrast, results from 'BBL 290' and 'BBL 274' at both harvest points were inconclusive. Growth and reproductive responses of O{sub 3}-sensitive and O{sub 3}-tolerant bush bean plants to EDU applications varied, depending on developmental stages, duration of EDU applications, and fluctuations in ambient O{sub 3}. - Plant sensitivity to ozone, stage of plant development, number of applications of EDU and ambient ozone affect bean plant responses to EDU.

  2. Les relations économiques États-Unis / Amérique latine pendant les années Bush : la nouvelle donne Economic Relations between the United States and Latin America in the Bush Years: Changing Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Azuelos

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Alors que l’élection de George B. Bush à la présidence des États-Unis avait pu autoriser certains à nourrir l’espoir d’une relance du processus d’intégration économique entre l’Amérique latine et l’Amérique du Nord, le bilan de ces huit années est mitigé et bien des incertitudes pesaient sur l’avenir de ce processus au moment de l’entrée en fonction de Barack Obama. Pour éclairer cette évolution, l’article replace les années Bush dans le contexte du recentrage sur la dimension économique de la relation qui fut consécutif à la fin de la guerre froide. La première partie, fondée sur l’étude des données chiffrées disponibles concernant les échanges commerciaux et des mouvements de capitaux, met en évidence une progression en trompe l’œil de ces flux, suggérant un désintérêt relatif des États-Unis pour leur traditionnelle arrière-cour. Pour rendre compte de cette nouvelle donne, la seconde partie revient sur le cadre géopolitique et géoéconomique dans laquelle s’inscrit la relation à partir de 2001.While George W. Bush’s election had promised to revive the drive towards further economic integration in the Americas, as he was leaving office eight years later the achievements of his presidency seemed rather mixed and the future of U.S.-Latin America relations uncertain. To shed light on this turnaround, this paper sets the Bush years in the wider context of post-Cold War renewed U.S. emphasis on the economic dimension of its relationship to Latin America. The first part, which focuses on quantitative data, concludes that although two-way trade and capital flows did grow significantly between 2000 and 2007, the momentum of the 1990s was largely lost. In an attempt to account for this trend, the second part focuses on the geopolitical and geoeconomic background which led to the United States’ relations with Latin America taking a new direction after 2001.

  3. 110 kV主变套管污秽缺陷的诊断分析与处理%Diagnostic Analysis and Treatment of 110 kV Main Transformer Bushing Pollution Defect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘益军; 王岩; 李慧; 苗银银

    2013-01-01

      在变电站高压设备巡视中通过红外检测发现运行中的110 kV主变压器套管局部发热异常。综合应用红外、紫外成像和超声波局放检测技术诊断瓷套管存在裂纹或污秽缺陷。停电检查套管发现其表面积污严重,部分伞裙有明显的放电痕迹。分析认为引起发热和局部放电异常的原因是瓷套管表面污秽受潮。对瓷套管表面进行喷涂PRTV涂料处理后,套管带电检测数据正常,消除了套管缺陷,并提出了防污闪的建议。%An operating 110 kV transformer bushing was found abnormal local heating by infrared detec-tion in the inspection of transformer substation equipment; and crack or pollution defects were indicated in the porcelain bushing through comprehensive diagnoses of infrared, ultraviolet imaging and ultrasound PD detection technique. The surface of the bushing was found seriously polluted, and part of the umbrel-la skirt had obvious discharge tracks. It is analyzed that heating and partial discharge are caused by the porcelain bushing’s surface pollution and wetness. After spraying PRTV coating on the porcelain bushing surface, the charged detection data restore normal condition and the defects are eliminated. Some anti-pol-lution suggestions are then put forward.

  4. Research of 550 kV SF6 Gas-insulated GIS Bushing Inner Shielding Layer%550kV SF6汽体绝缘GIS套管内屏蔽结构研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟建英; 狄谦

    2011-01-01

    主要介绍了550 kV SF6气体绝缘GIS套管的内绝缘屏蔽结构形式.针对550 kV SF6气体绝缘GIS套管传统的双屏蔽层结构形式所带来的装配难、局放高和成本高等缺陷,通过建立电场模型及优化设计平台,选取了经电场优化的单屏蔽层方案,有效避免了传统的双屏蔽层设计所带来的问题.经型式试验验证,产品各项性能指标满足技术规范要求,绝缘试验合格并具有较大的裕度,套管具有良好的技术经济指标.%Inner shielding layer of 550 kV SF6 gas-insulated GIS bushing is introduced in this paper. Against to the problem of assembly difficulty, high partial discharge and high cost, through 550 kV SF6 gas-insulated GIS bushing electric field model and optimum design, single shield structure is selected. So the problems of assembly difficulty, high partial discharge and high cost are solved effectively. Each performance index of bushing satisfies the technical specifications request through type test, and has big tolerance. So the bushing has good technical economy index.

  5. FORECASTING OF GRAPE YIELD AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF OPTIMUM BUSH LOADING DURING THE CUTTING IN BUDS ON THE PROPOSED YIELD ON THE EXAMPLE OF OAO AF «SOUTH»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matuzok N. V.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the material of forecasting for grape yield of next year and establishing the optimal loading if cutting of bushes. The material includes 14 varieties of grapes, 11 of them are technical and 3 are table ones. For each year of stable high yield of grapes, it is necessary to pre-set the optimum length of fruit cutting of shoots and optimum load on the bush healthy eyes. To do this for each variety on the eve of trimming bushes we perform optimum productivity analysis of wintering buds of fruit along the length of shoots, i.e. we implement forecasting of grape yield for next year. We have a plan of forecasting for yields of vineyards by microscopy of wintering buds on one-year shoots of fruit ripened grapes in order to establish the potential of embryonic establishment of inflorescences in the central holes of buds. Based on the analysis of buds, the indices were calculated for wintering fruiting buds and their degree of damage during the growing season. It was revealed, that the majority of grape varieties under study shows high tab embryonic inflorescences in central buds in overwintering buds for next year yield. Higher rates at a rate of fruiting buds were wintering in the varieties: Moldova (section 27. - 1.66; Bianca (section 6. - 1.83; Kunlean (section 15. - 1.71; Merlot (section 14. - 1.64; Saperavi (section 56. - 1.76. The lowest rates of fructification - the varieties Muscat Hamburg (section 21 and Augustine (section 11 and were respectively 1.20 and 1.24. As a planned productivity, we offered the optimal loading model of cutting bushes buds. As a result of productivity analyzes of buds along the length of the fruit shoots in 2016 we recommended to carry out pruning of fruit annual shoots 3-4 buds of the form of AZOS-1 and the form of cordon - 5-6 buds

  6. Dissuasão, redução de armas nucleares e defesas antimísseis nos governos Bush e Obama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Santos Vieira de Jesus

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo é analisar as perspectivas das administrações de George W. Bush e Barack Obama com relação à dissuasão, à redução de armas nucleares e às defesas antimísseis. Sustenta-se que ambas as administrações reafirmaram o papel fundamental das armas nucleares para a dissuasão, comprometeram-se com a redução de armas nucleares acompanhada de iniciativas para modernização e reconheceram a importância de defesas antimísseis na proteção dos EUA e de aliados. Tais perspectivas estão relacionadas à necessidade contínua de ampliar a flexibilidade para lidar com ameaças contemporâneas e à manutenção de opções diversificadas para o enfrentamento desses desafios.

  7. Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid from Creosote Bush (Larrea tridentata Mitigates 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-Acetate-Induced Inflammatory and Oxidative Stress Responses of Tumor Promotion Cascade in Mouse Skin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakilur Rahman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA is a phenolic antioxidant found in the leaves and twigs of the evergreen desert shrub, Larrea tridentata (Sesse and Moc. ex DC Coville (creosote bush. It has a long history of traditional medicinal use by the Native Americans and Mexicans. The modulatory effects of topically applied NDGA was studied on acute inflammatory and oxidative stress responses in mouse skin induced by stage I tumor promoting agent, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA. Double TPA treatment adversely altered many of the marker responses of stage I skin tumor promotion cascade. Pretreatment of NDGA in TPA-treated mice mitigated cutaneous lipid peroxidation and inhibited production of hydrogen peroxide. NDGA treatment also restored reduced glutathione level and activities of antioxidant enzymes. Elevated activities of myeloperoxidase, xanthine oxidase and skin edema formation in TPA-treated mice were also lowered by NDGA indicating a restrained inflammatory response. Furthermore, results of histological study demonstrated inhibitory effect of NDGA on cellular inflammatory responses. This study provides a direct evidence of antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties of NDGA against TPA-induced cutaneous inflammation and oxidative stress corroborating its chemopreventive potential against skin cancer.

  8. Allyl/propenyl phenol synthases from the creosote bush and engineering production of specialty/commodity chemicals, eugenol/isoeugenol, in Escherichia coli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sung-Jin; Vassão, Daniel G; Moinuddin, Syed G A; Bedgar, Diana L; Davin, Laurence B; Lewis, Norman G

    2014-01-01

    The creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) harbors members of the monolignol acyltransferase, allylphenol synthase, and propenylphenol synthase gene families, whose products together are able to catalyze distinct regiospecific conversions of various monolignols into their corresponding allyl- and propenyl-phenols, respectively. In this study, co-expression of a monolignol acyltransferase with either substrate versatile allylphenol or propenylphenol synthases in Escherichia coli established that various monolignol substrates were efficiently converted into their corresponding allyl/propenyl phenols, as well as providing proof of concept for efficacious conversion in a bacterial platform. This capability thus potentially provides an alternate source to these important plant phytochemicals, whether for flavor/fragrance and fine chemicals, or ultimately as commodities, e.g., for renewable energy or other intermediate chemical purposes. Previous reports had indicated that specific and highly conserved amino acid residues 84 (Phe or Val) and 87 (Ile or Tyr) of two highly homologous allyl/propenyl phenol synthases (circa 96% identity) from a Clarkia species mainly dictate their distinct regiospecific catalyzed conversions to afford either allyl- or propenyl-phenols, respectively. However, several other allyl/propenyl phenol synthase homologs isolated by us have established that the two corresponding amino acid 84 and 87 residues are not, in fact, conserved.

  9. Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid from Creosote Bush (Larrea tridentata) Mitigates 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-Acetate-Induced Inflammatory and Oxidative Stress Responses of Tumor Promotion Cascade in Mouse Skin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Shakilur; Ansari, Rizwan Ahmed; Rehman, Hasibur; Parvez, Suhel; Raisuddin, Sheikh

    2011-01-01

    Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) is a phenolic antioxidant found in the leaves and twigs of the evergreen desert shrub, Larrea tridentata (Sesse and Moc. ex DC) Coville (creosote bush). It has a long history of traditional medicinal use by the Native Americans and Mexicans. The modulatory effects of topically applied NDGA was studied on acute inflammatory and oxidative stress responses in mouse skin induced by stage I tumor promoting agent, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Double TPA treatment adversely altered many of the marker responses of stage I skin tumor promotion cascade. Pretreatment of NDGA in TPA-treated mice mitigated cutaneous lipid peroxidation and inhibited production of hydrogen peroxide. NDGA treatment also restored reduced glutathione level and activities of antioxidant enzymes. Elevated activities of myeloperoxidase, xanthine oxidase and skin edema formation in TPA-treated mice were also lowered by NDGA indicating a restrained inflammatory response. Furthermore, results of histological study demonstrated inhibitory effect of NDGA on cellular inflammatory responses. This study provides a direct evidence of antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties of NDGA against TPA-induced cutaneous inflammation and oxidative stress corroborating its chemopreventive potential against skin cancer.

  10. Improvement of Sprue Bush Used in Low-Pressure Casting Aluminum Alloy Wheels%铝合金轮毂低压铸造浇口套的改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘宏磊; 梁勇; 刘玉; 刘智峰; 徐涛

    2012-01-01

    通过对陶瓷浇口套与传统金属浇口套对工艺稳定性对比,详细说明了不同材质浇口套在轮毂浇铸系统中的重要作用,并进行了理论分析.在低压铸造过程中,传统的金属浇口浇存在腐蚀快、导热快,铸造工艺难以调整并且波动大,受环境和原料温度影响大.陶瓷浇口套耐腐蚀性强、保温性强、耐高温,有效地保证了补缩通道的温度,使铸件其他部位的冷却强度明显提高后不影响铸件的补缩,生产效率得到明显提高,铸件品质显著提高;并且最终凝固的冒口部位废料重量仅为传统金属材料的一半.%In this paper, comparing ceramic sprue bush with traditional metal sprue bush on stability of the process, the important roles of the different materials sprue bushes on gating system were illustrated in details and analyzed theoretically. In the low-pressure casting process, corrosion and fast heat conduction existed in the traditional metal sprue bush, the casting process is difficult to adjust and large fluctuation, affected by environmental temperature and raw materials; ceramic sprue bush has better corrosion resistance, thermal insulation and high temperature resistance, can effectively ensure the feeding channel temperature, so that casting other parts' cooling strength improve obviously, which does not influence the casting shrinkage, and production efficiency and casting quality improve significantly. At last the riser part of the final solidified waste weight is only half of the traditional metal materials.

  11. The use of language and its impact on energy policy discourse: A case study of the hydrogen economy and the news media during the G.W. Bush administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waegel, Alexander Francis

    The development of policy is subject to many different influences. The subjects are often complex and citizens must rely on information provided by third parties in order to participate in the discussion. The news media has traditionally been the primary provider of such information and are counted upon to publish unbiased accounts of events. However, the news media gets information from its own sources and this offers an opportunity for powerful, well-organized groups to influence the presentation of these topics. This is done through the creation and dissemination of constructed narratives, which remove the contexts from facts to present different conclusions (Barthes, 1957). Sourcing discusses how the news media may be influenced by powerful organizations providing free, easily published material (Herman, 1988). The 24 hour news cycle, the demand for ratings, and the impossibility of funding independent research journalism for every topic requires them to seek information from sources viewed as reliable and authoritative, such as the government or major corporations. The wealthier and more powerful organizations are better able to provide this large quantity of information in a readily publishable format and thus have the potential to influence the presentation to reflect positively on their positions. As a technologically and politically complex subject, energy policy would be particularly prone to the influence of sourcing. Hydrogen energy was used as a case study to search for the presence of sourcing. Hydrogen fuels cells offer potential for the reduction of greenhouse gasses and other benefits, but have significant disadvantages as well. While the academic community remained divided on the technology, the G.W. Bush administration offered it unwavering support. The Bush administration and the academic community both released a great deal of information about hydrogen but each set presented a very different outlook. Articles, press releases, and speeches from

  12. PECULIARITIES OF FORMING AGROBIOLOGICAL INDEXES OF REAL FRUITFULNESS ON GRAPE BUSHES SAPERAVI VARIETY UNDER INFLUENSE OF TREATMENT BY “VIMPEL” PREPARATION AND NEW GENERATION FERTILIZER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulyko I. A.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the results of the research work concerning the influence of foliar application of grape of Saperavi variety by soluble fertilizers of new generation-Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassiumsilicon. The influence of these fertilizers on yield and actual fruitfulness have also been investigated. The experiments have been carried out both in pureform and in a tankmixture with growth regulator “VIMPEL”. The treatment by these fertilizers has been done three times in the following period; after flowering, in fruit growth phase,(pea-size berry and in the phase of fruit maturing The foliar treatment in a pure form as well as in a tank mixture led to increase of bunch weight, harvest per bush and the yield capacity of plantation. The influence of fertilizers depended not only on variants of experiment but also on weather conditions of the previous and current year as well as on the previous yield. The negative correlation between the indexes of yield structure of the previous year and the actual fruitfulness of the current year has been revealed. However, the character of these correlative connections depends on many factors and greatly differs according to the year. As a result of these investigations, it was stated that foliar application of Saperavi grape variety by fertilizers of a new generation Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassiumsilicon in a tank mixture with growth regulator “Vimpel” in periods after flowering, berry growth(pea-size berry and at the beginning of berry maturing did not promote a stable and significant increase of the main indexes of an actual fruitfulness. The real increase observed in all experimental variants was achieved mainly due to the increase of the average weight of the bunch

  13. Responses of sensitive and tolerant bush beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to ozone in open-top chambers are influenced by phenotypic differences, morphological characteristics, and the chamber environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elagoez, Vahram [Plant Biology Graduate Program, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States)]. E-mail: velagoz@nsm.umass.edu; Manning, William J. [Department of Plant, Soil and Insect Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States)

    2005-08-15

    Responses of bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) lines 'S156' (O{sub 3}-sensitive) and 'R123' (O{sub 3}-tolerant), and cultivars 'BBL 290' (O{sub 3}-sensitive) and 'BBL 274' (O{sub 3}-tolerant) to ambient ozone (O{sub 3}) were investigated during the 2001 and 2002 growing seasons. Seedlings were grown in pots inside open-top chambers (OTCs), with charcoal filtered (CF) and non-filtered (NF) ambient air, and in non-chambered ambient air (AA) plots. Growth parameters from individual plants were evaluated after harvests at the end of vegetative (V{sub 4}) and reproductive (R{sub 10}) growth phases. Results at V{sub 4} indicated that CF did not provide additional benefits over NF in 'S156' in 2001 and 2002. In contrast, exposure to CF significantly impaired the growth of 'R123'. At the end of R{sub 10}, 'S156' produced more pods, most of which remained immature, and contained fewer seeds or were more frequently aborted, whereas pods produced in 'R123' reached pod maturation and senescence more consistently. Despite increased seed weights inside the OTCs, as observed in 'S156', differences between the two lines were insignificant when grown outside OTCs. Results from the 'BBL 290'/'BBL 274' pair, especially at V{sub 4} phase, remained inconclusive. Plant morphological characteristics, variabilities in environmental conditions, and 'chamber effects' inside OTCs were influential in determining plant response to ambient O{sub 3}. - Phenotypic differences, morphological characteristics, and 'chamber effects' inside OTCs are equally influential in determining the responses of beans to O{sub 3}.

  14. METHODOLOGY FOR FROST-RESISTANCE DETERMINING OF GRAPE VARIETIES (BASED ON EXAMPLE OF STAGE AND CHARACTER OF DAMAGING WINTER BUDS IN GRAPE BUSHES IN JANUARY 2015 IN ZAO “POBEDA” IN TEMRIUK DISTRICT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matuzok N. V.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In January 2015, at the Vineyard and ZAO "Pobeda" in Temryuk District of the Krasnodar region, the thermometer dropped to minus 21,6 C, which resulted in significant damage to the central wintering buds. The article presents a method of determining the degree of damage of wintering buds. Based on the results of inspection of variety by sections divided into 3 groups. Group 1: saved between 40 and 72% central. This group includes the following 7 varieties : Pervenets Magaracha (uch. 64 Gibernal (uch. 74/3, Viorica (uch. 77, Riton (uch. 66, Riesling (uch. 82, Traminer (uch. 73/2, Chardonnay (uch. 73/3. Cutting of bushes should be carried out by the usual way. The task of cutting - compensate the loss of crops due to leaving the greater load. Group 2: Central buds was damaged nearly 70-85%, saved from 20 to 35% of replacement buds. This group includes Merlot (uch. 83, Tsitronyy Magaracha (uch. 69, Augustine (uch. 66, Saperavi (uch. 79, Chardonnay (uch. 74/1, Muscat white (uch. 73 Cabernet Sauvignon (uch. 80. During cutting should be left as much as possible of annual shoots and well-developed secondary shoots. Group 3: damaged more than 85% of central buds, replacement buds significantly damaged . To this group assigned Saperavi (uch. 80, Pinot blanc (uch. 74, Merlot (uch. 80/2, Moldova (uch. 70, Chardonnay (uch. 68, Moldova (uch. 22 Kaberne- Sauvignon (uch. 68, Moldova (uch. 38, Arkadia (uch. 78, Tsimlyansky black (uch. 68. Pre-cutting consists in removing all clearly dead and unusable parts of the bush (dried vines, stumps, annual shoots that will accelerate the development of shoots from the angular buds and resting buds. Considering the high plasticity of grape plants, can not only in accelerated way to restore the crown of bushes damaged by frost, but also get a crop in the current year, using special methods of agricultural technology

  15. A kinetic model for the pattern and amounts of hydrate precipitated from a gas steam: Application to the Bush Hill vent site, Green Canyon Block 185, Gulf of Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Duo Fu; Cathles, Lawrence M.

    2003-01-01

    We construct a linear kinetic model of hydrate crystallization from a gas stream. We use this model to predict the fraction of gas that crystallizes as hydrate in the subsurface of Bush Hill, and the depth profile of subsurface hydrate accumulation. This is possible because the Bush Hill vent is fed by reservoir gas from the nearby Jolliet field whose composition is known. On the average, ˜9% of the vent gas is precipitated as hydrate in the subsurface. Although other explanations are possible, the observed vent gas compositions and the greater range of hydrate gas compositions are consistent with a single source gas whose venting rate varies by a factor of at least 3 over periods of a few years or less. The predicted depth profile of hydrate accumulation and the hydrate content of the Bush Hill mound suggest that between ˜1.1 × 109 and 2.8 × 109 m3 (STP) of gas may have accumulated as hydrate between the seafloor and ˜614-m depth. For the radiometrically and geologically suggested system age of 10,000 years, the time average venting rate is ˜106 m3/yr (0.7 × 106 kg/yr). If distributed evenly across the 600 m diameter mound, as suggested by echo sounder images, the methane flux is >3.2 kg/m2 yr. This is >103 times that inferred for hydrates associated with bottom-simulating seismic reflectors. The subsurface hydrate accumulation and the cumulative methane venting are related. We show how both may be estimated from measurements of vent gas composition, bottom water temperature, and geothermal gradient.

  16. Research on impact of rubber bushing stiffness on suspension springing%橡胶衬套刚度对悬架弹性运动影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜栋; 高翔; 刘义

    2011-01-01

    A rigid-flex coupling model of McPherson suspension system based on AD AMS/CAR is built And the stiffness sensitivity of suspension rubber bushing stiffness is analyzed with the software ADAMS/insight Then the rubber bushing stiffness that affects significantly on the wheel alignment parameters is selected as the design variables, and the minimum variation of the wheel alignment parameters,suck as the camber angle,the toe angle ,the kingpin inclination angle ,the caster angle ,is taken as the objective functions ,with experiment design method a multi-objective optimum,the wheel alignment parameters is set.The research results show that suspension kinematics performance is improved effectively by modifying the axial and torsional stiffness of the front rubber bushing and the axial,radial and torsional stiffness of the rear bushing on the axle of the lower control arm,Suspension performance is more obviously improved than the original design after the optimization.%通过ADAMS/CAR建立一麦弗逊前悬架刚弹耦合模型,运用ADAMS/insight对悬架橡胶衬套刚度进行了灵敏度分析.选取对车轮定位参数影响较大的衬套刚度作为设计变量,以车轮外倾角、前束角、主销内倾角、主销后倾角的变动量最小为目标函数,应用试验设计和多目标优化方法来改进车轮定位参数.研究结果表明,改变下控制臂轴上的前衬套轴向刚度、扭转刚度,后衬套径向刚度、轴向刚度、扭转刚度能有效改进悬架的运动学特性.经过优化设计后,悬架性能较原方案明显改善.

  17. La iniciativa Bush para las americas: ¿Gesto vacio, hábil estrategia o cambio reseñable en las relaciones continentales?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep S. TULCHIN

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El autor de este artículo aborda el análisis de la Iniciativa Bush para las Américas a dos años vista de su exposición por los portavoces de la Casa Blanca. Los escasos logros alcanzados no serán obstáculo para que Joseph S. Tulchin muestre un moderado optimismo por el desarrollo de la Iniciativa y los desafíos que le aguardan en los años próximos. Tras contextualizarla en el marco histórico del final de la guerra fría y del comienzo del desenvolvimiento a nivel global de las políticas económicas neoliberales, se pasa revista a los problemas por los que ha pasado la idea original en el interior de Estados Unidos y el entusiasmo con que fue acogida en América Latina. En este contexto uno de los primeros "tests" que pondrán a prueba el avance real de la Iniciativa para las Américas, será, sin lugar a dudas, la firma del Tratado de Libre Comercio (NAFTA con México.ABSTRACT: The author of this article tackles the analysis of the Enterprise for the Americas Initiative (EA1 two years after the White House spokesmen threw the idea. Scarce results achieved, won't be obstacle for Joseph S. Tulchin when he proves a moderate optimism with the development of the EAI and the coming challenges in the years ahead. After pointing the context out the EAI in the end of the Cold War and the evolution of neoliberal economics policies frame, he reviews difficulties to implement the original idea incide the United States and the enthusiastic reaction in Latin America. In this context, one of the first facts that will put the EAI real advance to the test, shall be without no doubt, the Free Trade Treaty(NAFTA signing with Mexico.

  18. La réponse sécuritaire de l’administration Bush : l’USA PATRIOT Act et les libertés individuelles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice GAIRARD-BERNARD

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available  L’USA PATRIOT Act introduit une réforme renforçant les pouvoirs de surveillance des services secrets au détriment des libertés individuelles en réduisant notamment les possibilités de contrôle que le Congrès et le pouvoir judiciaire peuvent exercer. Adoptée dans un contexte inédit, cette loi génère controverse et confusion ; elle n’est pourtant pas la première à assouplir la législation sur la surveillance ou à imposer des restrictions aux libertés individuelles. Avant de porter le débat sur le terrain institutionnel et de voir de quelle manière l’équilibre entre les pouvoirs s’est opéré, le premier niveau d’étude porte sur la défense des libertés individuelles. Initiatives parlementaires sans grand succès, décisions de justice symboliques mais de portée modérée, la résistance à l’USA PATRIOT Act passe également par l’action de groupes de pression et de communautés locales.One of the key actions taken by the Bush administration was to push for the adoption of the USA PATRIOT Actin order to address the needs of a country following an unprecedented terrorist attack. While most aspects of the legislation are not controversial, a few sections giving the government greater surveillance powers raise civil liberties issues. Of interest is the reaction to this impaired mechanism of checks and balances – bi-partisan initiatives to restore checks and balances stemming from a few congressmen, lawsuits challenging the controversial parts of the law, several public interest groups, notably the ACLU, calling for adequate judiciary oversight, greater accountability of agencies involved in surveillance programs and restored protection for civil rights, and grassroots movements leading towns, cities and later counties and states to adopt resolutions rejecting the USA PATRIOT Act.

  19. Acquired changes in stomatal characteristics in response to ozone during plant growth and leaf development of bush beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) indicate phenotypic plasticity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elagoez, Vahram [Plant Biology Graduate Program, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States)]. E-mail: velagoz@nsm.umass.edu; Han, Susan S. [Department of Plant, Soil and Insect Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Manning, William J. [Department of Plant, Soil and Insect Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States)

    2006-04-15

    Bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) lines 'S156' (O{sub 3}-sensitive)/'R123' (O{sub 3}-tolerant) and cultivars 'BBL 290' (O{sub 3}-sensitive)/'BBL 274' (O{sub 3}-tolerant) were used to study the effects of O{sub 3} on stomatal conductance (g {sub s}), density, and aperture size on leaf and pod surfaces with the objective of establishing links between the degree of plant sensitivity to O{sub 3} and plasticity of stomatal properties in response to O{sub 3}. Studies in open-top chambers (OTCs) and in continuously stirred tank reactors (CSTRs) established a clear relationship between plant developmental stages, degrees of O{sub 3} sensitivity and g {sub s}: while 'S156' had higher g {sub s} rates than 'R123' earlier in development, similar differences between 'BBL 290' and 'BBL 274' were observed at later stages. G {sub s} rates on the abaxial leaf surfaces of 'S156' and 'BBL 290', accompanied by low leaf temperatures, were significantly higher than their O{sub 3}-tolerant counterparts. Exposure to O{sub 3} in CSTRs had greater and more consistent impacts on both stomatal densities and aperture sizes of O{sub 3}-sensitive cultivars. Stomatal densities were highest on the abaxial leaf surfaces of 'S156' and 'BBL 290' at higher O{sub 3} concentrations (60 ppb), but the largest aperture sizes were recorded on the adaxial leaf surfaces at moderate O{sub 3} concentrations (30 ppb). Exposure to O{sub 3} eliminated aperture size differences on the adaxial leaf surfaces between sensitive and tolerant cultivars. Regardless of sensitivity to O{sub 3} and treatment regimes, the smallest aperture sizes and highest stomatal densities were found on the abaxial leaf surface. Our studies showed that O{sub 3} has the potential to affect stomatal plasticity and confirmed the presence of different control mechanisms for stomatal development on each leaf surface. This

  20. Bush butter tree (Dacryodes edulis)

    OpenAIRE

    Kengue, Joseph; Kengni, Edouard; Tabuna, Honoré

    2011-01-01

    La publicación de esta hoja divulgativa ha sido financiada con la acción complementaria nº AC-2008-00050-00-00, titulada "Publicación de hojas divulgativas: Uso y gestión sostenible y conservación de especies forestales para la alimentación (ELA) en Africa Subsahariana" solicitada por el Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (CITA), investigador responsable: Eduardo Notivol Conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources of priority food tree species in sub-S...

  1. Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change: Producing Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L. and Bush Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. for Improved Food Security and Resilience in a Canadian Subarctic First Nations Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine D. Barbeau

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Aboriginal people in Canada experience disproportionately high rates of diet-related illnesses, such as obesity and diabetes. Food insecurity has been identified as a contributing factor to these illnesses along with a loss of traditional lifestyle. Current food systems within northern subarctic and arctic regions of Canada rely heavily on imported foods that are expensive (when available, and are environmentally unsustainable. A warming subarctic and arctic climate present challenges, but also offers the opportunity for local agricultural production that can increase food security and promote a more sustainable food system. In this study the feasibility of sustainably growing potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L. utilizing agroforestry practices to enhance food security in remote subarctic communities is explored through a case study in Fort Albany First Nation in northern Ontario, Canada. Potato crops were grown over a two-year period and rotated into plots that had been planted with green bush beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.. Results showed that potatoes and bush beans could be grown successfully in the subarctic without the use of greenhouses with yields comparable to more conventional high-input agricultural methods. In subarctic Canada, sustainable local food production can help to promote social capital, healthier lifestyles, and food security.

  2. Cause Analysis on Overproof of Dielectric Loss Factor for Transformer Bushing%变压器套管介质损耗因数超标原因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李良; 王朝阳; 王春宇; 刘忠顺

    2013-01-01

    针对双楼变电站1号主变压器套管例行试验中存在介质损耗因数超标的问题,从介质损耗因数增大原理、直流电阻试验数据和介质损耗数据三方面进行分析,认为套管介质损耗因数超标的原因是一次导电杆接触不良,并提出防范及判断该类主变压器套管介质损耗超标的建议。%For the dielectric loss factor overproof problem of the No 1. transformer bushing of Shuanglou transformer sub-station in the routine test ,analyzes from the three respects that are the dielectric loss factor testing principle ,the DC re-sistance test data ,and the dielectric loss and so on ,considers that the cause is poor contact of conductive rod ,and puts for-ward the proposal about how to keep away and the sugges-tions to judge this kinds of transformer bushing dielectric loss factor .

  3. 河源南高丛蓝莓酒精发酵前后挥发性成分变化%Aroma compounds of southern high-bush blueberry in Heyuan area before and after alcohol fermentation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴继军; 肖更生; 徐玉娟; 陈卫东; 余元善; 张友胜

    2014-01-01

    Objective To determine the key aroma compounds of southern high-bush blueberry varie-ties in Heyuan area and analyze the aroma compounds before and after alcohol fermentation.Methods By solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer-computer (GC-MS), the flavor compo-nents of Heyuan high-bush blueberry before and after alcohol fermentation were analyzed.Results The main aroma components of Heyuan southern high-bush blueberry wered-limonene and other kinds of alkenes and aldehydes. The main aroma compoents of blueberry wine were ethyl acetate, octanoic acid ethyl ester and other kinds of ester and alcohols.Conclusion There are some different aroma compounds between blueberry in Heyuan area and northern area. After blueberry fermented into blueberry drink olefins, aldehydes were signifi-cantly reduced or disappeared, and esters, alcohols, some long chain alkane and fatty acid esters increased sig-nificantly.%目的:明确广东河源地区南高丛蓝莓特征风味成分以及蓝莓发酵后香挥发性成分变化规律。方法采用顶空固相微萃取-气质联用法分析了河源南高丛蓝莓的风味成分,以及发酵成蓝莓酒后的风味成分变化。结果河源南高丛蓝莓主要风味成分为柠檬烯以及其他烯烃、醛类等物质,发酵成蓝莓酒后主要特征风味成分为乙酸乙酯、辛酸乙酯等酯类和醇类物质。结论河源南高丛蓝莓在挥发性成分上与以往报道的温带地区蓝莓有一定的区别,蓝莓发酵成蓝莓酒后烯烃、醛类物质显著减少或消失,而酯类和醇类显著增加,同时生成了长链烷烃和脂肪酸酯类物质。

  4. Simulation Trials of Wheel Alignment Parameters Based on Elastic Bushing and Flexible Parts%基于弹性衬套和柔性零部件的车轮定位参数仿真试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦东晨; 蓝贤清; 于立

    2011-01-01

    为了分析悬架中弹性衬套替换刚性铰接及主要承栽零部件的柔化处理对车轮定位参数的影响,以多体动力学理论为基础,在Adams中建立了某车双横臂独立悬架多刚体模型Ⅰ,对三因素弹性衬套替换刚性铰接以及下横臂和横向稳定杆的柔化处理的影响进行仿真试验.仿真结果说明:3个因素对车轮定位参数有很大的影响.在模型Ⅰ的基础上综合考虑上述3个因素建立了模型Ⅱ并进行悬架运动学分析,揭示了车轮定位参数的变化特性,为悬架的开发设计奠定了基础.%Based on multi-body dynamics theory, in order to analyze the impact of wheel alignment parameters caused by elastic bushing replacement of rigid hinge, and flexible treatment towards the main parts which bear force and torque in the suspension, the rigid simulation model (Model I) of double-wishbone independent suspension of a certain vehicle is established using Adams/Car module. By means of simulation trials such as replacement of rigid hinge with resilient bushing, as well as flexible treatment towards the upper/lower control arm and the horizontal stabilizer bar in the established rigid suspension model, the results explain that the replacement of rigid hinge with resilient bushing, along with the flexible treatment of the lower control arm and horizontal stabilizer bar, have great impact to wheel alignment parameters. Based on Model I,taking the above three factors into account to establish suspension Model II for kinematics analysis, the results reveal the variation characteristic of wheel alignment parameters, which lays a sound foundation for the development and design for the suspension.

  5. 轴瓦下料、打钢印、冲弯整形连续模设计%Continuous mould design for bearing bush blanking, steel seal impressing,punching bend and shape modification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张会

    2011-01-01

    轴瓦是内燃机的重要零件之一,主要起支承载荷和传递运动的作用.该零件要求的尺寸精度高,且零件表面标识要求字迹清晰、无残缺、无突起感,现在生产基本是采用单工序制造,导致轴瓦加工工序比较繁琐.本文基于以上原因,在结合轴瓦下料、打钢印和冲弯整形等3道工序成形工艺分析的基础上,提出了将该3道工序整合成为一套多工位连续模的冲压方案,采用该多工位连续模不仅能满足生产要求,且能在保证精度的前提下提高效率、降低成本.%Bearing bush is one of the important parts of gas engine, which is mainly bearing load between hole and movement. The part is required to have high precision and clearl and complete logo on the surface. The part is mainly manufactured by single-process which results in complex process. According to the above reasons, and based on the a-nalysis of forming process about bearing bush blanking, steel seal impressing and punching and bending, a set of punching case for multistage continuous mould instead of three stages was put forward, using which the producing requirements were met , the efficiency was improved and the cost was lowered with qualified precision.

  6. 间歇性重负荷工况下变压器套管介质损耗因数测量方法的改进研究%Improvement Study on the Measurement Method for the Dielectric Loss Factor of Transformer Bushing under Intermittent Heavy Load

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙继星; 吴广宁; 周利军; 陈立; 文德斌; 杜培东; 刘益岑

    2012-01-01

    根据现场长期实测数据分析,大秦铁路牵引供电系统具有负荷幅值变化大、过载系数高和陡变性的间歇性重负荷特性,牵引供电系统负荷的变化对变压器套管介质损耗因数的测量产生影响,并且变压器套管接线等效电路的初始电流对负荷变化前后介质损耗因数的测量精度有干扰.采用Matlab/Simulink软件对变压器套管接线等效电路进行仿真,验证了分析结果的正确性.引入变压器套管接线等效电路初始电流对传统测量方法进行改进,确定矫正系数.运用改进后的测量方法对变电所变压器套管介质损耗因数进行测量,结果表明所得到的介质损耗因数测量值稳定、可靠和准确,有利于对变压器高压套管绝缘老化情况的准确监测.%According to the analyses of long-term field measured data, the traction power supply system of Datong-Qinhuangdao Railway has the characteristics of great variation in load amplitude, high overload factor as well as abrupt and intermittent heavy load. The load change of traction power supply system had influence on the measurement of the dielectric loss factor of transformer bushing, and the initial current of transformer bushing wiring equivalent circuit had interference in the measurement accuracy of dielectric loss factor before and after load change. Matlab/Simulink was adopted to simulate the wiring equivalent circuit of transformer bushing, which validated the correctness of the analysis results. Traditional measurement method was improved by introducing the initial current of transformer bushing wiring equivalent circuit to determine correction coefficient. The improved method was used to measure the dielectric loss factor of transformer bushing in substation. Results show that the measured value of dielectric loss factor is stable, reliable and accurate, which is advantageous to the accurate monitoring of the insulation aging of transformer HV bushing.

  7. O factor de coberto vegetal, para árvores e Arbustos, em modelos de erosão hídrica The vegetation cover factor, for tree and bush canopies, in models of water erosion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Rolo Antunes

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available O objectivo primordial do presente trabalho consiste na análise do comportamento de cobertos arbóreos e arbustivos, em termos do processo de intercepção da precipitação, designadamente, retenção e gotejo, e no estabelecimento de uma componente a incluir em modelos de erosão, que permita quantificar o factor de coberto vegetal em caso de ocupação do solo por estes cobertos, associados a culturas arvenses, em subcoberto, particularmente, na Equação Universal da Perda de Solo Revista (RUSLE. O trabalho experimental utilizou um simulador de chuva, tendo-se obtido valores do diâmetro das gotas (gotejo das folhas de espécies características dos sistemas de uso do solo mais comuns no Sul de Portugal, nomeadamente sobreiro (Quercus suber L., azinheira (Quercus ilex L. ssp. rotundifolia Lam e carrasco (Quercus coccifera L., e quantificado valores de retenção nas folhas. A partir dos resultados obtidos estimou-se a energia cinética para diferentes alturas de queda e, consequentemente, valores correctivos a aplicar aos valores de C tradicionalmente considerados, relativos às culturas agrícolas.The main objective of this work consists on the analyzes of tree and bush canopies behavior, in terms of the rainfall interception process, namely, leave retention, and dripping, and the establishment of a erosion model component to include in to quantify the cover factor (C of the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE for mixed land covered systems with arable crops, in association with trees and bushes. In the experimental work a rainfall simulator was used and the characteristic values for the diameter of the dripping drops and retention of the leaves from characteristic species of the more common mixed land-use systems in Southern of Portugal, particularly with Cork oak (Quercus suber L., Holm or evergreen oak (Quercus ilex L. ssp. rotundifolia Lam and Kermes or wild oak (Quercus coccifera L., were obtained. From the obtained results

  8. Diagnosis of an Overheat and Oil-leakage Fault of 10 kV Main Side Transformer Bushing%一起10 kV侧主变套管过热及漏油故障的诊断

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晓东; 张登宇

    2014-01-01

    The infrared diagnostic technology, which can be used rapidly and in real time to realize the on-line monitoring and diagnosis of most power equipment faults, can early detect equipment defects for taking measures in advance to prevent the power outages caused by equipment malfunction, so, it is one of the effective measures of making the state inspection of power equipment under the charged condition. This paper introduces an overheat and oil-leakage fault of 10 kV main side transformer bushing that was found in time through infrared diagnostic technology. The expanding of the equipment fault was avoided through the diagnosis and analysis on the equipment fault.%红外诊断技术能快速实时地在线监测和诊断电力设备的大多数故障,能及早发现设备缺陷,以提前采取措施,防止设备出现故障造成停电,是电力设备带电条件下进行状态检测的有效手段之一。介绍了一例通过红外诊断技术及时发现的主变10 kV套管过热故障,通过对该故障的诊断分析,避免了设备故障的扩大。

  9. Synthesis and chiral HPLC analysis of the dibenzyltetrahydrofuran lignans, larreatricins, 8'-epi-larreatricins, 3,3'-didemethoxyverrucosins and meso-3,3'-didemethoxynectandrin B in the creosote bush (Larrea tridentata): evidence for regiospecific control of coupling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moinuddin, Syed G A; Hishiyama, Shojiro; Cho, Man-Ho; Davin, Laurence B; Lewis, Norman G

    2003-07-07

    The creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) lignans are linked via 8-8' bonds, with the simplest apparently being E-p-anol derived. Of the latter, four of the six theoretically possible diastereoisomers were isolated, namely (-)-larreatricin, (-)-8'-epi-larreatricin, meso-3,3'-didemethoxynectandrin B and the new compounds, (+)- and (-)-3,3'-didemethoxyverrucosins. Following synthesis of each in either racemic or meso form, and chiral HPLC separation of the antipodes of the racemates, it was established that naturally occurring (-)-larreatricin and (-)-8'-epi-larreatricin were present in 92 and 98% enantiomeric excess, respectively, whereas 3,3'-didemethoxyverrucosin was essentially racemic and 3,3'-didemethoxynectandrin B was in the meso-form. The evidence suggests that formation of these lignans occurs under regiospecific, rather than stereoselective, coupling control. This contrasts with laccase-catalyzed "random" coupling of E-p-anol in vitro which generates the corresponding racemic 8-8', 8-3' and 8-O-4' linked dimeric moieties.

  10. A pinoresinol-lariciresinol reductase homologue from the creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) catalyzes the efficient in vitro conversion of p-coumaryl/coniferyl alcohol esters into the allylphenols chavicol/eugenol, but not the propenylphenols p-anol/isoeugenol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vassão, Daniel G; Kim, Sung-Jin; Milhollan, Jessica K; Eichinger, Dietmar; Davin, Laurence B; Lewis, Norman G

    2007-09-01

    The creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) accumulates a complex mixture of 8-8' regiospecifically linked lignans, of which the potent antioxidant nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) is the most abundant. Its tetra-O-methyl derivative (M4N) is showing considerable promise in the treatment of refractory (hard-to-treat) brain and central nervous system tumors. NDGA and related 9,9'-deoxygenated lignans are thought to be formed by dimerization of allyl/propenyl phenols, phenylpropanoid compounds that lack C-9 oxygenation, thus differentiating them from the more common monolignol-derived lignans. In our ongoing studies dedicated towards elucidating the biochemical pathway to NDGA and its congeners, a pinoresinol-lariciresinol reductase homologue was isolated from L. tridentata, with the protein obtained in functional recombinant form. This protein efficiently catalyzes the conversion of p-coumaryl and coniferyl alcohol esters into the corresponding allylphenols, chavicol and eugenol; neither of their propenylphenol regioisomers, p-anol and isoeugenol, are formed during this enzyme reaction.

  11. Effect of Creosote Bush-Derived NDGA on Expression of Genes Involved in Lipid Metabolism in Liver of High-Fructose Fed Rats: Relevance to NDGA Amelioration of Hypertriglyceridemia and Hepatic Steatosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiyan Zhang

    Full Text Available Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA, the main metabolite of Creosote bush, has been shown to have profound effects on the core components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS, lowering blood glucose, free fatty acids (FFA and triglyceride (TG levels in several models of dyslipidemia, as well as improving body weight (obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes and hypertension, and ameliorating hepatic steatosis. In the present study, a high-fructose diet (HFrD fed rat model of hypertriglyceridemia was employed to further delineate the underlying mechanism by which NDGA exerts its anti-hypertriglyceridemic action. In the HFrD treatment group, NDGA administration by oral gavage decreased plasma levels of TG, glucose, FFA, and insulin, increased hepatic mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation and attenuated hepatic TG accumulation. qRT-PCR measurements indicated that NDGA treatment increased the mRNA expression of key fatty acid transport (L-FABP, CD36, and fatty acid oxidation (ACOX1, CPT-2, and PPARα transcription factor genes and decreased the gene expression of enzymes involved in lipogenesis (FASN, ACC1, SCD1, L-PK and ChREBP and SREBP-1c transcription factors. Western blot analysis indicated that NDGA administration upregulated hepatic insulin signaling (P-Akt, AMPK activity (P-AMPK, MLYCD, and PPARα protein levels, but decreased SCD1, ACC1 and ACC2 protein content and also inactivated ACC1 activity (increased P-ACC1. These findings suggest that NDGA ameliorates hypertriglyceridemia and hepatic steatosis primarily by interfering with lipogenesis and promoting increased channeling of fatty acids towards their oxidation.

  12. Política imperialista y política hegemónica durante la administración George W. Bush : El lugar de la construcción de los otros y de las identidades en la efectuación de la política exterior estadounidense hacia Medio Oriente

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Nos hemos propuesto el análisis discursivo de la política exterior de Estados Unidos hacia Medio Oriente durante los dos períodos de la administración George W. Bush. Sosteniéndonos sobre observaciones empíricas, hemos definido dos tipos de acción de política exterior: una de corte hegemónico (para esto hemos elegido el caso de Egipto) y otra de corte imperialista (en este caso, nos concentraremos en la política estadounidense hacia Irak). Y es nuestra intención hacer un análisis de los modos...

  13. Modification of Bushing Test Rig and Research of Variable Inlet Guide Vane Bushings For Further Development of PM304 Bushings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanke, Anne

    2004-01-01

    PS304 is a high temperature solid lubricant coating comprised of a nickel-chrome binder, chrome oxide hardener, barium-calcium fluoride high temperature lubricant, and silver as the low temperature lubricant. This coating is used to lubricate Oil-Free Foil Air Bearings as they experience friction and wear during start up and shut down. The coating deposition process begins with undercutting the shaft. This area is then sandblasted to provide a rough surface for the coating to adhere to. The coating powder is then sent through the plasma spray gun and a reasonably thick layer is applied to the undercut area of the shaft. The coating is then ground down even with the surface of the shaft and gets a nice polished finish. The foil air bearings use the solid lubricant, as mentioned above, during start up and shut down. During normal operating conditions, generally above 2000RPM, the bearings utilize air as their lubricant. Foil air bearings are comprised of a thin top foil and a corrugated bump foil. They have an interference fit with the shaft before operation. As the air gets "trapped" between the top foil and the shaft, it presses the top foil against the bump foil, in turn compressing the bumps. As the bumps compress, it allows for the air to separate the top foil from the shaft, therefore, utilizing the trapped air as its lubricant.

  14. Precise gas carburizing quenching process of 18 Cr2 Ni4 WA steel bushes%18Cr2Ni4WA钢衬套的精密气体渗碳淬火热处理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锋; 王新宇; 李世键; 韩培培; 于浩

    2016-01-01

    The influence of precise gas carburizing and isothermal quenching process on carburized layer hardness , depth and the microstructure of 18Cr2Ni4WA steel was studied .The results show that the carburized layer depth increases with the increasing of the total holding time, but the hardness profile becomes flat gradually .The longer of strong carburizing time , the deeper of carburized depth with the same total holding time .The longer of strong carburizing time , the lower of surface hardness with the same diffusion carburizing time .The optimized precise heat treatment process consists of holding temperature at 910 ℃, by carbon potential of strong carburizing stage at 1.20%and holding for 3 h, and then by carbon potential of diffusion stage at 0.80%and holding for 1 h,and then isothermally quenched in nitrate bath.With this optimized process , the typical carburized depth of (1.2 ±0.1) mm with favorable microstructure distribution is obtained . The process has been successfully applied in bushes production with satisfactory requirement of carburized depth , hardness profile and microstructure .%研究了精密气体渗碳等温淬火工艺对18Cr2Ni4WA钢渗层硬度、深度及显微组织的影响。结果表明,随着总渗碳保温时间的延长,渗层深度增加,但硬度曲线变得平缓;在相同总保温时间的情况下,强渗时间越长,渗层越深;而当扩散时间相同时,强渗时间越长,淬火后表层的硬度较低。优化的精密气体渗碳工艺为:保温温度均为910℃,强渗阶段碳势1.20%,保温3 h;扩散阶段碳势0.80%,保温1 h,渗碳后进行等温淬火,可以获得(1.2±0.1) mm渗层深度。渗碳淬火后渗层组织良好。该工艺成功应用于衬套零件的实际生产,满足了设计要求。

  15. Putin ja Bush pakuvad peaministreid / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putini otsusest enne presidendivalimisi tagandada valitsus. USA presidendi George W. Bushi probleemist Haiti presidendi ja peaministri ametikohaga seoses riigis valitseva kriisiga

  16. The Blackberry Bush%小红帽

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Celia Thaxter

    2009-01-01

    @@ A little boy sat at his mother's knees, by the long western window, looking out into the garden. It was autumn, and the wind was sad; and the golden elm leaves lay scattered about among the grass, and on the gravel path. The mother was knitting a little stocking; her fingers moved the bright needles; but her eyes were fixed on the clear evening sky.

  17. Bush hoiab Iraani sihikul / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2005-01-01

    USA ajakirjaniku Seymour Hershi väitel valmistab USA ette sõda Iraaniga. USA kaitseministeeriumi teatel on Hershi artikkel täis vigu. USA presidendi George W. Bushi antud intervjuust telekompaniile NBC on tehtud järeldus, et USA riigipea ei välista sõja alustamist Iraani vastu

  18. President Bush's Faith-Based & Community Initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, Washington, DC.

    Despite efforts by the federal and state governments to battle social distress, there are many people who still suffer from poverty and despair. People are calling out for help. For years, faith-based and community groups have been assisting these people and others in need. The federal government has not often been a willing partner to these…

  19. Executive Orders-George W. Bush

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — Executive orders are official documents, numbered consecutively, through which the President of the United States manages the operations of the Federal Government....

  20. Prevention, Preemption, and the Bush Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-30

    medieval Christian scholastic Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274) and continuing in the circumstances described as just cause by the early modern theorists...considered the most prominent Scholastic theologian after Thomas Aquinas . Because he believed acting in self-defense within the theocentric Just...Journal of Religious Ethics, 35.1:141-162, 2007), p.11. 15 Ibid., p. 19. 16 Thomas Aquinas , Summa Theologica, II-II, Question 40: Is it always

  1. Test verification and mechanical property estimation for rubber bushing of suspension based on "double methods-multiple equations"%基于“双法多程式”的悬架橡胶衬套力学性能估算与试验验证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宝; 陈茜; Christian Lohse; 雷刚

    2014-01-01

    In order to promote some research works of rubber bushing's impact on vehicle perform-ances effectively by estimating and verifying the mechanical properties of rubber bushings ,the bushing of McPherson suspension was researched .Firstly ,the relative strain energy density func-tion equations were derived ,and after the introduction of many constitutive model equations (Wherein ,Yeoh ,Van der Waals ,and Ogden as the principal ) ,the material mechanical properties of bushing rubber (NR55) were estimated and then verified by contrasting with the results of ma-terial basic tests ,then 3rd order Ogden equation was determined as a better constitutive model to estimate the bushing structural mechanical properties .The multi-parameters of μ1 ,μ2 ,μ3 ,α1 ,α2 ,α3 were set as variables to be optimized and their initial values were given ,then pre-estimation of the bushing structural mechanical properties was done and verified by contrasting with the results of bushing structural tests ,4 types of optimize objective functions were designated to make’area overlap’ and ’displacement equivalent’,10 interactive processes were performed by selecting adaptive response surface method ,and a set of values of the multi-parameters ,w hich can more accurately estimate the bushing structural mechanical properties ,were identified .Two new curves can be calculated and fitted by using the set of identified values .They were compared with the curves of the structural tests itself and the estimated fitting of material basic tests .The results show that the errors of radial (axial) stiffness values are all less than 9.1% ,if the other various factors are considered ,this can be accepted in engineering .It show s that the above methods are feasible and can be generalized .%为估算验证橡胶衬套的力学性能,以促进衬套对车辆性能影响研究工作的有效开展,将轿车麦弗逊悬架的衬套作为研究对象,先推导相关应变能密

  2. Ejes Estratégicos de la Política Exterior para América Latina y el Caribe en los Gobiernos de George W. Bush y Barack Obama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Ayerbe

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El texto aborda la percepción de Estados Unidos sobre las fuentes de inseguridad originarias de América Latina, considerada un área de bajo riesgo y prioridad de su política exterior. El análisis se concentra en la evaluación de las amenazas y desafíos a sus intereses estratégicos y las modalidades de actuación privilegiadas en la esfera regional, en que se verifican coincidencias entre las administraciones Demócratas y Republicanas en la adopción de un liderazgo con prerrogativas clasificatorias sobre los tipos de régimen político, con una agenda concebida como promoción de la convergencia hemisférica de democracias y economías liberales. En ese contexto, cabe destacar la prioridad atribuida a los países de la Alternativa Bolivariana para las Américas (ALBA como eje opositor de sus políticas.Palabras Clave: América Latina; Seguridad; Estados Unidos; Política Exterior. Strategic Priorities of Foreign Policy for Latin America and the Caribbean in the governments of George W. Bush and Barack ObamaAbstractThe paper approaches the U.S. perceptions about the sources of insecurity from Latin America, considered a low risk area and priority of its foreign policy. El análisis se concentra en la evaluación de las amenazas y desafíos a sus intereses estratégicos y las modalidades de actuación privilegiadas en la esfera regional, en que se verifican coincidencias entre las administraciones Demócratas y Republicanas en la adopción de un liderazgo con prerrogativas clasificatorias sobre los tipos de régimen político, con una agenda concebida como promoción de la convergencia hemisférica de democracias y economías liberales. The analysis focuses on assessing the threats and challenges to its strategic interests and privileged modes of action at the regional level, which verifies similarities between Republican and Democratic administrations in taking a leadership prerogatives qualifiers on the types political regime, with an

  3. Address of U.S. President George W. Bush / George W. Bush

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bush, George W., 1946-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Eesti Päevaleht : Mõte 10. juuni lk. 9-11. Ameerika Ühendriikide presidendi George Bushi Läti visiidi ajal 7. mail peetud kõne. Ajal. Eesti Päevaleht : Möte toodud ka George W. Bushi CV. Ajal. The Baltic Times lüh.

  4. 反恐话语的新修辞视角解构 ——以"9 · 11"后小布什政府媒体演讲为例%New Rhetorical Anatomy of Counter-terrorism Discourse:Based on Media Speeches of Bush Administration after 911

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴永昇

    2016-01-01

    西方新修辞理论认为 ,在特定的社会文化语境内 ,修辞主体能够通过语言的修辞力量影响甚至操纵受众对"现实"或"事实"的认知与构筑.这为我们提供了一个揭示"自然化"的意识形态动机的有效手段 ,有助于提高我们的修辞批评意识.借助西方新修辞理论 ,可以发现 ,在政治媒体化的时代 ,政治话语和媒体话语相互交织、渗透、依赖、左右公众意见的现象已成为常态."9 · 11"恐怖袭击事件发生后 ,小布什政府积极"借力"媒体"发声"构筑反恐话语 ,通过一定的意识形态操控来赢取公众支持 ,塑造全球反恐普遍共识 ,抢占反恐的制高点和主导权 ,从而确立反恐战争与反恐政策的正当性与合法性.%According to the theory of western new rhetoric ,the rhetorical subject is in a position to in-fluence and even manipulate the audience's cognition or construction of reality by virtue of rhetorical power ,which provides us with an effective means of uncovering the hidden ideology in the form of"naturalization" .In the age of politicalized media ,it has become a common phenomenon that political discourse and press discourse permeate and depend on one another to control public opinions .After the 911 terrorist event ,the Bush administration has been making great efforts to"voice" to construct counter-terrorism discourse with recourse to media .Ideological manipulation is present to win over the public ,mold global agreement ,seize the dominion in the anti-terror cause with the intention of estab-lishing validity and legitimacy of anti-terror war and policy .

  5. Bush Tracks: Journeys in the Development of Rural Pedagogies

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConaghy, Cathryn; Lloyd, Linley; Hardy, Joy; Jenkins, Kathy

    2006-01-01

    The academic and social achievements of students in rural schools are very uneven and often absenteeism and suspension rates are high. Factors such as globalisation, economic restructuring, unemployment, youth suicide and family trauma, drought and environmental change (see Bourke & Lockie 2001) also impact on rural schooling and add further…

  6. Taxonomy Icon Data: Japanese Bush Warbler [Taxonomy Icon

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Cettia_diphone_NL.png Cettia_diphone_S.png Cettia_diphone_NS.png http://biosciencedbc.jp/taxonomy_icon/icon....cgi?i=Cettia+diphone&t=L http://biosciencedbc.jp/taxonomy_icon/icon.cgi?i=Cettia+diphone&t=NL http://biosciencedbc.jp/taxonomy..._icon/icon.cgi?i=Cettia+diphone&t=S http://biosciencedbc.jp/taxonomy..._icon/icon.cgi?i=Cettia+diphone&t=NS http://togodb.biosciencedbc.jp/togodb/view/taxonomy_icon_comment_en?species_id=26 ...

  7. Bush soovib rahajagamisega USA majandust turgutada / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi plaanist maksta igale maksumaksjale tagasi 800 ja peredele 1600 dollarit, et majandust tõusule juhtida. USA Keskpanga poliitikast ja maailma börside jätkuvast langusest. Kommenteerivad: Romet Tepper, Jaanus Pikkani

  8. Bush lubas Bagdadi rohkem USA sõdureid / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 28. juuli lk. 10. Iraagi peaministri Nuri Kamal al-Maliki USA visiidist, mille käigus ilmnesid kahe riigi vahelised erimeelsused, kokku lepiti lisajõudude saatmises Bagdadi. Lisa: Bagdadi julgeolek

  9. The Bush administration, sex and the moral agenda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashbee, Edward

    1. The rise of the moral agenda and American public opinion; 2. The politics of 'W-ism'; 3. Gay rights, same-sex marriage and AIDS; 4. 'Pet your dog...': sex education and contraception; 5. Obscenity and indecency; 6. Building 'healthy' marriages; 7. Abortion and the 'culture of life'; 8. Conclus......1. The rise of the moral agenda and American public opinion; 2. The politics of 'W-ism'; 3. Gay rights, same-sex marriage and AIDS; 4. 'Pet your dog...': sex education and contraception; 5. Obscenity and indecency; 6. Building 'healthy' marriages; 7. Abortion and the 'culture of life'; 8...

  10. Bush rääkis terrorist, Putin vaimsusest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 4. jaan. 2007, lk. 8. Soome presidendi Tarja Haloneni, Rootsi peaministri Frederik Reinfeldti, USA presidendi George W. Bushi. Suurbritannia peaministri Tony Blairi, Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putini ja Saksamaa liidukantsleri Angela Merkeli aastavahetuse sõnumitest

  11. Miks on Savisaar ja proua Bush Birma kallal / Mai Loog

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loog, Mai, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 29. mai lk. 7. Birma sõjaväeline valitsus otsustas taas pikendada aasta võrra Nobeli rahupreemia laureaadi ja demokraatliku opositsiooni liidri Aung San Suu Kyi 11-aastast koduaresti, mille vastu astusid välja USA senaatorid presidendiproua Laura Bushi juhtimisel kui ka Tallinna linnapea Edgar Savisaar koos Pariisi ja Rooma linnapeadega. Birma hunta plaanitavast konstitutsioonist, kus aatomienergia on pandud riigikaitse ja julgeoleku alla. Venemaa aatomienergia agentuuri Rosatomi lepingust Birma huntaga aatomienergia tootmiseks

  12. Obama and Bush: their victory and non-victory speeches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolores Fernández Martínez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyse the use of the first person plural, second person and third person references in Obama’s and Bush’s victory speeches. The contrasting circumstances surrounding the election of both presidents were imprinted on discourse through different patterns of personal references (Martin, 1992 and transitivity structures (Halliday, 2004 [1985]. By analysing them this paper will illustrate the social function of individuals in the speeches, as well as the way in which the systematic use of both linguistic devices contributed ultimately to define the role of the speakers as presidents of the United States. Whereas Obama’s victory speech centred on the audience and allowed them to feel protagonists, Bush’s anti-triumphant speech ignored them.

  13. 南高丛越橘品种‘Sapphire’和北高丛品种‘Berkeley’正反交后代果实糖酸组分含量的遗传倾向%Inheritance Tendency of Sugar and Acid Contents in the Reciprocal Cross Progenies’ Fruits of Southern× Northern High Bush Blueberry (Vaccinium)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘有春; 魏永祥; 王兴东; 刘成; 蒋明三; 张舵; 袁兴福; 陶承光

    2014-01-01

    inheritance of sugar and acid contents in blueberry fruit, to provide a basis for selecting parents in cross breeding.[Method] Sugar and acid contents of southern high bush blueberry ‘Sapphire’ ( high sugar and high acid type), northern high bush blueberry ‘Berkeley’ (middle sugar and low acid type) and their reciprocal cross progenies were investigated with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method.[Result] Fructose and glucose were the major components of sugar, while citric acid and tartaric acid were the major components of acid. The reciprocal populations exhibited a wide phenotypic variation in fructose, glucose, total sugar, tartaric acid, citric acid and total acid contents where the coefficient of variation (CV) of sugar and acid contents were more than 15% and 30%, respectively, and the range of acid contents was higher than that of sugar contents, indicating that there was a bigger selecting potential for acid content. Mean sugar and acid contents of reciprocal cross progenies were lower than mid-parental values, showing a tendency of depression. The mean sugar contents of progenies inclined to low sugar parent, while the mean acid contents inclined to paternal parent value. The individual and total sugar contents presented a normal distribution, implying sugar contents are quantitative traits and controlled by polygenenes, while individual and total acid presented a skewed distribution, implying acid contents are quantitative traits and may be controlled by both major gene and polygenes. The broad sense heritability (H2) of fructose, glucose, total sugar, citric acid and total acid contents were ranged from 0.66 to 0.86, in which the highest was fructose (0.84 and 0.86 in the reciprocal populations, respectively), indicating that the variations of these traits mainly resulted from inheritance, and they were mainly affected by additive effect, while theH2 of tartaric acid was the lowest (0.22 and 0.30 in the reciprocal populations, respectively

  14. Bush lubas tõstatada viisavabaduse teema / George W. Bush, Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Ingvar Bärenklau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bush, George W., 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 29. nov. lk. 3,2,2. USA presidendi George W. Bushi ja Eesti presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese vastused ajakirjanike küsimustele Eesti Panga Iseseisvussaalis toimunud pressikonverentsil 28. novembril 2006

  15. The Yellow-green Bush-tanager is neither a bush-tanager nor a sparrow: Molecular phylogenetics reveals that Chlorospingus flavovirens is a tanager (Aves: Passeriformes; Thraupidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avendaño, Jorge Enrique; Barker, F Keith; Cadena, Carlos Daniel

    2016-07-06

    Molecular phylogenetic analyses of the genus Chlorospingus (Aves: Emberizidae) indicate that the genus is not monophyletic because Chlorospingus flavovirens is actually a member of the tanager family (Thraupidae), in which its closest relatives are members of the genus Bangsia. We thus propose that C. flavovirens be transferred to Thraupidae and to the genus Bangsia.

  16. All Bush’s Horses and All Bush’s Men: How Far Should the U.S. Go to Help Put Colombia Back Together Again

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    and this one proudly defines itself as “Colombian,” pointing to a national literature ( Gabriel Garcia Marquez its most renowned expression...5 Wiarda, 33. 6 Gabriel Marcela and Donald Schulz. Colombia’s Three Wars: U.S. Strategy at the Crossroads (Carlisle, PA.: Strategic Studies...Now, and What Is To Be Done,” Strategic Studies Institute (June 2001): 1-40. Marcela, Gabriel and Donald Schulz. “Colombia’s Three Wars: U.S

  17. Taking the Lead: Russia, the United States, and Nuclear Nonproliferation after Bush

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    2002), especially chap. 5; Henry D. Sokolski, ed., Pakistan’s Nuclear Future: Worries beyond War ( Carl - isle: SSI, January 2008); Henry Sokolski and...Two sides of this issue are argued in Scott D. Sagan and Kenneth N. Waltz, The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate (New York: W. W. Norton, 995

  18. Bismarck in the Bush: Year 12 Write Zambia's History for Zambian Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Peter Gray explains how his Year 12 students came to research and write a resource on the history of Zambia, for history teachers "in" Zambia. The construction of the resource stretched the Year 12 students in new ways: the Internet was useless and there were no easy digests in A-Level textbooks to get them started. They would have to read whole…

  19. Developing Emerging Leaders: The Bush School and the Legacy of the 41st President

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    Government and Public Service, Texas A&M University Public Service is a noble calling, and we need men and women of character to believe they can make a...calling and requires men and women of character who can make a difference. The Public Service Leadership Program is integrated through the 2 years of...these topic areas for guiding emerging leaders. 5 THINKERS AND DOERS One piece of stereotypical thinking is in overcom- ing the distinction between the

  20. Effects of landscape structure on movement patterns of the flightless bush cricket Pholidoptera griseoaptera

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Diekötter, T.; Speelmans, M.; Dusoulier, F.; Wingerden, van W.K.R.E.; Malfait, J.P.; Crist, T.O.; Edwards, P.J.; Dietz, H.

    2007-01-01

    Because the viability of a population may depend on whether individuals can disperse, it is important for conservation planning to understand how landscape structure affects movement behavior. Some species occur in a wide range of landscapes differing greatly in structure, and the question arises of

  1. Bismarck in the Bush: Year 12 Write Zambia's History for Zambian Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Peter Gray explains how his Year 12 students came to research and write a resource on the history of Zambia, for history teachers "in" Zambia. The construction of the resource stretched the Year 12 students in new ways: the Internet was useless and there were no easy digests in A-Level textbooks to get them started. They would have to…

  2. Penerapan Metode DMAIC dalam Peningkatan Acceptance Rate untuk Ukuran Panjang Produk Bushing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdian Hartoyo

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available PT Argatama Multy Agung is one provider of metal cutting services using turret machine. The quality of metal cutting services offered are still questioned. The quality service intended is that the length accuracy of the outcome product meets the requirements of the requested length. The purpose of this study is to determine what factors lead to defects the goods length, as well as to provide the right solution that factors can be eliminated so that the number of defective products can be reduced. In this research authors implement Six Sigma methodology with an improved model of Define-Measure-Analyze-Improve-Control (DMAIC to perform improvement in the services quality provided by PT Argatama Multy Agung. On the improvement phase Design Of Experiment (DOE is used to find the machine configuration that can produce the best quality. From the research conducted, a significant increase of sigma is obtained.

  3. From Crusader to Exemplar: Bush, Obama and the Reinvigoration of America’s Soft Power

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Hallams

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available “To all the other peoples and governments who are watching today…know…that we are ready to lead once more.”Barack ObamaThe election of Barack Obama in November 2008 appeared to signal a rejuvenation of soft power ideas first articulated in the early 1990s by former Clinton official Joseph Nye. Obama rejected his predecessors crusading tone and style, seeking instead to reposition America firmly back into the exemplary tradition of US exceptionalism. He projected an image of the United States ...

  4. Kicking the Can: The U.S. Congress, the Bush Administration and the 2008 Budget

    OpenAIRE

    Doyle, Richard B.

    2008-01-01

    In December 2008, the U.S. Department of the Treasury issued its annual report on the health of the federal budget. The report details the U.S. government's long-term financial outlook, including the biggest fiscal challenge, i.e., the unsustainable growth in entitlement programs. Later the same month, U.S. federal budget legislation for FY 2008 was completed, with passage of an approximately $555 billion omnibus appropriations bill for largely non-defense spending ($70 billion...

  5. 76 FR 72003 - Proposed Collection, Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-21

    ... collection of information including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; Enhance the quality..., mechanical, or other technological collection techniques, or other forms of information technology, e.g... lessons learned; programmatic outcomes; and placements of program participants. The information...

  6. Coming back from the bush : gender, youth and reintegration in northern Sierra Leone

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gog, van J.G.

    2008-01-01

    This thesis explores the postwar reintegration strategies of young women who had forcibly become affiliated with one of the fighting factions during the ten years of civil war in Sierra Leone. Instead of conceptualizing reintegration as the result of policies, the author defines it as the dynamic pr

  7. Putin ratchets up PR in response to Bush, tries to paint Russia as democracy

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    President Putin kinnitas välisajakirjandusele antud intervjuudes, et ei kavatse Baltimaade okupeerimise eest vabandada ning väitis, et Balti riigid soovivad endale tähelepanu tõmmata õigustamaks diskrimineerivat poliitikat venekeelse elanikkonna suhtes

  8. Floral scent composition predicts bee pollination system in five butterfly bush (Buddleja, Scrophulariaceae) species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, W-C; Chen, G; Vereecken, N J; Dunn, B L; Ma, Y-P; Sun, W-B

    2015-01-01

    Traditionally, plant-pollinator interactions have been interpreted as pollination syndrome. However, the validity of pollination syndrome has been widely doubted in modern studies of pollination ecology. The pollination ecology of five Asian Buddleja species, B. asiatica, B. crispa, B. forrestii, B. macrostachya and B. myriantha, in the Sino-Himalayan region in Asia, flowering in different local seasons, with scented inflorescences were investigated during 2011 and 2012. These five species exhibited diverse floral traits, with narrow and long corolla tubes and concealed nectar. According to their floral morphology, larger bees and Lepidoptera were expected to be the major pollinators. However, field observations showed that only larger bees (honeybee/bumblebee) were the primary pollinators, ranging from 77.95% to 97.90% of total visits. In this study, floral scents of each species were also analysed using coupled gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Although the five Buddleja species emitted differentiated floral scent compositions, our results showed that floral scents of the five species are dominated by substances that can serve as attractive signals to bees, including species-specific scent compounds and principal compounds with larger relative amounts. This suggests that floral scent compositions are closely associated with the principal pollinator assemblages in these five species. Therefore, we conclude that floral scent compositions rather than floral morphology traits should be used to interpret plant-pollinator interactions in these Asian Buddleja species.

  9. Life After the George W. Bush Administration: A New US Strategy Towards China for Future Administrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-15

    The Conference Board, “China’s Turbo Growth Not Sustainable Because of Growing Economic Imbalances ,” Earthtimes.org, December 3, 2007, under “Can...farmers, out of fear, began to fence off their lands to keep the nomads from using up the land and water to care for their camels and families. Eventually...January 3, 2008). 143 Gordon G. Chang, “China Flexes Its Muscles ,” in Wall Street Journal, January 2, 2008 under “Commentary,” http://online.wsj.com

  10. Bush War: The Use of Surrogates in Southern Africa (1975-1989)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-01

    to prepare a policy statement on the racial problem. . . . It recommended the rigorous segregation of the Coloured People, the consolidation of...of De Beers , and managing director of the British South Africa Company, played a critical role in the 1890s conquest of what became known as Rhodesia...during the Vietnam War, success was measured by body count, and the war was seen as one of attrition. 163 Nonetheless, the government, army, and police

  11. Bush müüks Ameerika sadamad araablastele / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 23. veebr. lk. 11. USA presidendi George W. Bushi plaani kohaselt ostaks New Yorgi, New Jersey, Philadelphia, Baltimore'i, Miami ja New Orleansi sadamad Dubai firma Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. Mitmed USA poliitikud leiavad, et sadamate müük seab ohtu USA julgeoleku. Lisa: Välisfirmade võim

  12. Bush will tour Illionois lab working to fight terrorism Argonne develops chemical detectors

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    "A chemical sensor that detects cyanide gas, a biochip that can determine the presence of anthrax, and a portable device that finds concealed nuclear materials are among the items scientists at Argonne National Laboratory are working on to combat terrorism" (1/2 page).

  13. 开口锥面胀套联接%Open Cirque-Taper Expansion Bush Joint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀霞; 丁学工; 李本威

    2003-01-01

    本文介绍了一种新型的无键联接--开口锥面胀套联接的结构形式及设计要点,该联接方式结构新颖,具有对中性好、定位灵活、拆装非常方便的优点,值得推广应用.

  14. Invasive Plants, Fire Succession, and Restoration of Creosote Bush Scrub in Southern California

    OpenAIRE

    Steers, Robert Jeremy

    2008-01-01

    Exotic annual plant species have invaded large regions of southern California deserts. Certain areas have been especially impacted, such as the western edge of the Colorado Desert adjacent to Mt. San Gorgonio, Banning Pass, and Mt. San Jacinto. This landscape is highly invaded due to relatively high winter rainfall compared to interior desert locales and elevated anthropogenic nitrogen deposition from urban areas to the west. Invasive annual grasses, in particular, are abundant here and ha...

  15. MODELING INFLUENCE OF ROLLING BEARING BUSH AND VIBRATION DAMPING IN CATCHING OF TOOTHED WHEELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. V. Diachenko

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available On the base of dynamic scheme of toothing, a mathematical model for study of the influence of constructive parameters of radial bearings such as a factor of friction, reduced masses and stiffnesses on damping the vibrations in gearing is developed. The solution for the model is obtained using a simulation modeling in the Simulink environment with checking the validity of results in the system MathCad. The oscillograms of the vibrations under investigation and the conclusions on the base of their analysis are presented.

  16. How the Bush Doctrine of Preemptive Strike Meets the Test of the Powell Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-16

    21 Ibid. 22 Federation of American Scientist Military Analysis Network “Iran-Iraq War...Gray, Colin S. Modern Strategy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992. Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988. “Federation of American Scientists Military

  17. Venemaad süüdistas inimeste vabaduste piiramises ka Bush / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    USA presidendi George Bushi sõnul on üks USA põhimuresid Venemaa majanduslik natsionalism. Senaator John McCain süüdistas Venemaad naabrite hirmutamises ja oma kodanike õiguste rikkumises. Lisa: USA etteheited. Vt. samas: Vene energiaminister tõrjus USA süüdistusi

  18. After the War: Nation-Building from FDR to George W. Bush

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    keeps everybody going to prove he is a better fellow than the next man. It keeps them honest too.” In practice, the balancing of opposites sharp ...to promote democratic and free- market values but, generally, without the element of compulsion. U.S. military power was employed to preserve the...instead sought to focus on what would be expected of other agencies. At one point, [USACOM planner Major General Michael] Byron turned to the

  19. Down Under Australiana: Seven Little Australians--A Hundred Years down the Old Bush Track.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Frances

    1995-01-01

    Discusses 20 Australian titles published in 1994, including picture books, short story collections, thrillers, poetry, novels, and books with Aboriginal themes, that are suitable for grades 1-12. (JKP)

  20. Brain surgery in the bush: adapting techniques and technology to fit the developing world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas, Jan; Mayegga, Emanuel; Nuwas, Emmanuel; Ellegala, Dilantha B; Kucia, Elisa J; Nicholas, Joyce

    2013-11-01

    The critical shortage of surgical services in many areas of the world has profound effects on local communities. Approximately 11% of global disease burden can be attributed to causes that are surgically treatable. Efforts have been made to recruit professionals from developed nations to compensate for the lack of such expertise. However, this practice has created a cycle of dependency on foreign-trained physicians and the medical tools they bring. Recognition of this problem calls for adaptation of a novel problem-solving approach. This article describes techniques and technology available in east Africa that have been adapted to allow basic and emergency neurosurgery to be performed in the absence of complex medical infrastructure and equipment. Commonplace items found in the local environment can be used to emulate more sophisticated instruments, and community-specific engineering programs can be developed to provide locally produced appropriate technology that promotes independence from Western sources. The local economy benefits from much-needed stimulation when these tools are created locally, and this allows for readily available replacement and repair. More studies are under way to identify problems and implement interventions that are realistic and appropriate for these populations.

  1. Bush sõidab Aasiasse suhteid värskendama / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi 1. märtsil algav India ja Pakistani visiit on vaatlejate sõnul sümboolne: visiidiga soovib president rõhutada, et mõlemal riigil on USA välispoliitikas oluline roll

  2. Genes encoding chavicol/eugenol synthase from the creosote bush Larrea tridentata

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, Norman G.; Davin, Laurence B.; Kim, Sung -Jin; Vassao, Daniel Giddings; Patten, Ann M.; Eichinger, Dietmar

    2015-09-15

    Particular aspects provide novel methods for redirecting carbon allocation in plants or cell culture from lignification to inherently more useful and tractable materials, and to facilitate the generation of, e.g., biofuels from the remaining plant ro culture biomass. Particular aspects provided novel methods for converting monolignols into allyl/propenyl phenols, and for chavicol/eugenol formation or production. Additional aspects relate to the discovery of novel chavicol/eugenol synthases that convert p-coumaryl/coniferyl alcohol esters into chavicol/eugenol, and to novel compositions (e.g., novel proteins and nucleic acids encoding same), and novel methods using same for producing or forming chavicol/eugenol and other derivatives in cell culture and/or genetically modified plants, and for re-engineering the composition of plant biomass. Particular aspects provide novel methods for generation in culture or in planta of liquid/combustible allyl/propenyl phenols, and these phenolic products are utilized for (non-ethanol) biofuel/bioenergy purposes, while the remaining plant biomass facilitates the generation of other biofuels.

  3. Ansip on Eesti Bush, kena naeratuse ja lihtsa(meelse) jutuga mees / Ivar Põllu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põllu, Ivar

    2007-01-01

    Lõppenud parlamendi- ja presidendivalimistele mõeldes kirjutab autor peaminister Andrus Ansipi fenomenist, kohaliku ärikliima tähtsusest ja moodustatavast valitsusest ning tahab uskuda, et viimase aasta ilmingud on tõepoolest kodanikuühiskonna tekkimise algus Eestis. Autor väljendab lootust, et Toomas Hendrik Ilvese saamine presidendiks ja kõrgenenud valimisaktiivsus parlamendivalimistel näitavad kodanikuühiskonna tekkimise algust Eestis ning väidab, et idealism on ainus jätkusuutlik maailmakord

  4. The complete mitogenome of the Chinese bush cricket, Gampsocleis gratiosa (Orthoptera: Tettigonioidea)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhijun Zhou; Fuming Shi; Yuan Huang

    2008-01-01

    The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Gampsocleis gratiosa was determined. The 15, 929 bp in the size of G. gratiosa mitogenome contains a typical gene content, base composition, and codon usage found in metazoan. All 13 protein coding genes (PCGs) of the G. gratiosa mitogenome start with a typical ATN codon. The usual termination codons (TAA and TAG) were found from 10 PCGs. However, the atp6, nad4, and nad5 had incomplete termination codon (T). The anticodons of all tRNAs are identical to those observed in Drosophila yakuba and Locusta migratoria, and can be folded in the form of a typical clover leaf structure except for trnS (AGN). The secondary structure of trnS (AGN) was drawn according with the Steinberg-Cedergren tertiary structure. The A+T content (67.4%) of the A+T-rich region is relatively lower among the mitogenome regions, in contrast, it usually contains the highest A+T content for most insects. Two isolated sequence repeat regions (202 bp) were found in the A+T-rich region with mapping and secondary structure information.

  5. The Effect of Coatings and Liners on Heat Transfer in a Dry Shaft-Bush Tribosystem

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-08-01

    to be used as thermal barriers in mechanical components. When these components are subjected to heavily The temperature rise due to frictional...coefficient at the contact. assuned to be 0.2 conductivity than the substrate (such as titanium nitride on steel) are better thermal barriers than very

  6. Vladimir Putin püünel, George W. Bush varjus / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2007-01-01

    Tšehhi kaitseministeeriumi delegatsiooni visiit Moskvasse. Venemaa esitas rahvusvahelise valuutafondi tegevdirektori kohale Tšehhi Keskpanga juhi kohalt sõltumatuna peaministriks kutsutud Jozef Toshovsky. Venemaa ja Austria vastuseis USA raketitõrjesüsteemi paigutamiseks Tšehhi

  7. Mr. Bush, Mr. Powell, how many Middle East policies does the United States have?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Marín Gorbea

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Contradiction, changeability, and isolation have marked US policy on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict during the first two years of George W. Bush’s presidency. After an initial period when consensus reigned in Washington over the need to get out of the Middle East conflict, in the first half of 2002 three debates arose that have divided the US government. But to understand the turns the current UN administration’s policy toward the Palestinian- Israeli conflict has taken, it is not enough to consider its internal divisions. It is alsonecessary to keep in mind the role played by a novice president in his process of learning the ropes in Washington and the Middle East. These first two years hold the keys to what the attitude of the superpower toward the Middle East conflict will be in what remainsof Bush’s presidential term.

  8. "Bush Law 101": Realising Place Conscious Pedagogy in the Law Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Amanda; Mundy, Trish; Nielsen, Jennifer M.

    2016-01-01

    In 2012, a team of academics from six universities worked on an OLT-funded project, "Rethinking Law Curriculum: developing strategies to prepare law graduates for practice in rural and regional Australia." The project was motivated by the declining proportion of lawyers being attracted to and remaining in practice in rural and regional…

  9. The impact of an invasive exotic bush on the stopover ecology of migrant passerines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arizaga, J.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Migration is highly energy-demanding and birds often need to accumulate large fuel loads during this period. However, original habitat at stopover sites could be affected by invasive exotic plants outcompeting native vegetation. The impact of exotic plants on the stopover behavior of migrant bird species is poorly understood. As a general hypothesis, it can be supposed that habitat change due to the presence of exotic plants will affect migrants, having a negative impact on bird abundance, on avian community assemblage, and/or on fuel deposition rate. To test these predictions, we used data obtained in August 2011 at a ringing station in a coastal wetland in northern Iberia which contained both unaltered reedbeds (Phragmites spp. and areas where the reedbeds had been largely replaced by the invasive saltbush (Baccharis halimifolia. Passerines associated with reedbeds during the migration period were used as model species, with a particular focus on sedge warblers (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus. The saltbush promoted a noticeable change on bird assemblage, which became enriched by species typical of woodland habitats. Sedge warblers departed with a higher fuel load, showed a higher fuel deposition rate, and stayed for longer in the control zone than in the invaded zone. Invasive plants, such as saltbush, can impose radical changes on habitat, having a direct effect on the stopover strategies of migrants. The substitution of reedbeds by saltbushes in several coastal marshes in Atlantic Europe should be regarded as a problem with potential negative cons equences for the conservation of migrant bird species associated with this habitat.

  10. A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum from the Northern Territory, Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Martine

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available A new species of dioecious Solanum from the Australian “Dioicum Complex” of Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum is described. Solanum cowiei Martine sp. nov., is allied with other members of this problematic lineage, but differs in its slender leaves, limited armature and diminutive habit. The species was first segregated by botanists at the Northern Territory Herbarium as Solanum sp. Litchfield (I.D. Cowie 1428; and specimens representing this species have also been referred to by Symon as Solanum sp. Fitzmaurice River. Collections suggest that this is an endemic of the sub-arid tropical zone of the Northern Territory. SEM images support initial assumptions that the new species is cryptically dioecious via production of inaperturate pollen grains in morphologically hermaphrodite flowers.

  11. A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum) from the Northern Territory, Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martine, Christopher T; Symon, David E; Evans, Elizabeth C

    2013-01-01

    A new species of dioecious Solanum from the Australian "Dioicum Complex" of Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum is described. Solanum cowiei Martine sp. nov., is allied with other members of this problematic lineage, but differs in its slender leaves, limited armature and diminutive habit. The species was first segregated by botanists at the Northern Territory Herbarium as Solanum sp. Litchfield (I.D. Cowie 1428); and specimens representing this species have also been referred to by Symon as Solanum sp. Fitzmaurice River. Collections suggest that this is an endemic of the sub-arid tropical zone of the Northern Territory. SEM images support initial assumptions that the new species is cryptically dioecious via production of inaperturate pollen grains in morphologically hermaphrodite flowers.

  12. Going to the Bush: Language, Power and the Conserved Environment in Southern Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cloete, Elsie L.

    2011-01-01

    English, in the words of Bill Bryson, "is one of the world's great growth industries". Like some kind of metalanguage with its own Europe-based meaning systems, it has constructed its own discourses in relation to Africa's conserved natural environment, nature documentaries, tourism and environmental education--at the expense of indigenous…

  13. Substrate pH and butterfly bush response to dolomitic lime or steel slag amendment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steel slag is a fertilizer amendment with a high concentration of calcium oxide, and thus capable of raising substrate pH similar to dolomitic lime. Steel slag, however, contains higher concentrations of some nutrients, such as iron, manganese, and silicon, compared to dolomitic lime. The objectiv...

  14. Bush toetas küberkaitse keskust Eestis ja kiiret viisavabadust / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2007-01-01

    USA presidendi Georg W. Bushi kohtumist president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega peetakse USA tugevaks toetusavalduseks küberrünnakute alla langenud Eestile. T.H. Ilves kohtus ka USA asepresidendi Dick Cheney ja asevälisministri John Negropontega. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 25.-26.06.2007. Lisa: Visiidi detailid

  15. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria associated with ancient clones of creosote bush (Larrea tridentata).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorquera, Milko A; Shaharoona, Baby; Nadeem, Sajid M; de la Luz Mora, María; Crowley, David E

    2012-11-01

    Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are common components of the rhizosphere, but their role in adaptation of plants to extreme environments is not yet understood. Here, we examined rhizobacteria associated with ancient clones of Larrea tridentata in the Mohave desert, including the 11,700-year-old King Clone, which is oldest known specimen of this species. Analysis of unculturable and culturable bacterial community by PCR-DGGE revealed taxa that have previously been described on agricultural plants. These taxa included species of Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Firmicutes that commonly carry traits associated with plant growth promotion, including genes encoding aminocyclopropane carboxylate deaminase and β-propeller phytase. The PGPR activities of three representative isolates from L. tridentata were further confirmed using cucumber plants to screen for plant growth promotion. This study provides an intriguing first view of the mutualistic bacteria that are associated with some of the world's oldest living plants and suggests that PGPR likely contribute to the adaptation of L. tridentata and other plant species to harsh environmental conditions in desert habitats.

  16. Effect of Larrea tridentata (creosote bush) on cholesterol gallstones and bile secretion in hamsters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arteaga, Silvia; Carmona, Agustín; Luis, Juana; Andrade-Cetto, Adolfo; Cárdenas, René

    2005-09-01

    Larrea tridentata (Sesse and Moc. ex DC.) Coville is used for the treatment of gallstones in traditional Mexican medicine. The possible prevention or elimination of gallstones by ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the leaves and twigs of L. tridentata was tested in hamsters fed a rich carbohydrate, fat-free diet. In addition, the effects of the ethanolic extract and its main metabolite, nordihydroguaiaretic acid, on bile secretion in the perfused liver were tested. In the experiment on prevention of gallstones, the dry ethanolic extract at a level of 0.5% of diet completely inhibited gallstone formation, lowered biliary moles percent cholesterol and increased the proportion of chenodeoxycholic acid of hepatic bile. The dry aqueous extract at a level of 1% of diet did not affect gallstone frequency or biliary parameters. In the experiment on elimination of gallstones, the ethanolic extract significantly reduced gallstone frequency, gallbladder bile cholesterol concentration and moles percent cholesterol. Both the ethanolic extract and nordihydroguaiaretic acid had cholestatic effects in the perfused liver, with an EC50 of 34 and 28 mg dL-1, respectively, when perfused for 10 min. This effect was reversible with concentrations up to 40 mg dL-1. The results indicate that L. tridentata could be useful in the treatment of gallstone disease, however care must be taken due to its hepatotoxicity.

  17. 77 FR 27253 - Proposed Collection, Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-09

    ... inform the library and information science field of innovations and best practices and guide IMLS in its... Evaluation AGENCY: Institute of Museum and Library Services, National Foundation for the Arts and the... and Library Services announces the following information collection has been submitted to the...

  18. Chemical and biological characterization of novel essential oils from Eremophila bignoniiflora (F. Muell) (Myoporaceae): a traditional Aboriginal Australian bush medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadgrove, Nicholas John; Hitchcock, Maria; Watson, Kenneth; Jones, Graham Lloyd

    2013-10-01

    Essential oils were extracted by hydrodistillation from the traditional Australian medicinal plant Eremophila bignoniiflora, characterized chemically and then screened for bioactivity. Characterization and quantification were completed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and GC-flame ionization detection, respectively. Antimicrobial capacity was assessed using disc diffusion and micro-titre plate broth dilution and further characterized using thin layer chromatography followed by bioautography to assign activity to separated individual active components. Antifungal capacity was investigated using micro-titre plate broth dilution against pathogenic Trichophyton species. Free radical scavenging ability was assessed using the diphenylpicrylhydradyl reaction in methanol. The predominant components of the essential oil were fenchyl-acetate and bornyl-acetate. However, bioautography indicated antimicrobial ability to be largely linked to the less abundant, more polar constituents. Oils displayed only modest antifungal ability against pathogenic Trichophyton species associated with dermatophytosis, but moderate to high antimicrobial activity, particularly against the yeast Candida albicans and the bacteria Staphylococcus epidermidis. Essential oils exhibited relatively low free radical scavenging ability. Speculation over the role of essential oils in the traditional medicinal applications of E. bignoniiflora follows, exploring correlations between traditional use and investigated bioactivities.

  19. "What Would Happen If Everybody Behaved as I Do?": May Bush, Randall Jarrell, and the Historical "Disappointment" of Women WPAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Kelly

    2011-01-01

    The feminized labor of composition studies is usually seen as being in service of, or subservient to, literary studies, ignoring composition's disaffective position against other fields, specifically creative writing. Viewing composition studies' complex labor histories in tandem with the meteoric rise of creative writing allows for a new way of…

  20. Habitat association of amphibians in East African bush- and grassland: an example from Meru National Park, Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wasonga, D.V.; Bakele, A.; Lötters, S.; Balakrishnan, M.

    2006-01-01

    The amphibian diversity in different vegetation communities was investigated in Meru National Park (Kenya), using transect sampling, drift-fences, pitfalls and opportunistic collection. Acacia wooded grassland had highest amphibian diversity (H' = 2.071, D = 6.74), Acacia-Commiphora bushland ranked

  1. McCain & Obama versus a administração Bush: economia e segurança nacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOSÉ RIBEIRO MACHADO NETO

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available

    o artigo trata da eleição presidencial nos

    Estados Unidos. Analisa a plataforma econômica

    dos dois candidatos: Barack Obama e John McCain.

  2. Effect of bacterial distribution and activity on conjugal transfer on the phylloplane of the bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Normander, Bo; Christensen, Bjarke Bak; Molin, Søren;

    1998-01-01

    ). At 100% RH, the transconjugants reached a density of 3 x 10(3) CFU/cm(2), corresponding to about one-third of the recipient population. At 25% RH, numbers of transconjugants were below the detection limit. Immediately after inoculation onto the leaves, the per-cell metabolic activity of the inocula...... was above a threshold value for transfer to occur. Transconjugants were primarily observed in junctures between epidermal cells and in substomatal cavities. The distribution of the transconjugants was similar to the distribution of indigenous bacteria on nonsterile leaves. Compared to polycarbonate filters......, with cell densities equal to the overall density on the leaves, transfer ratios on leaves were up to 30 times higher. Thus, aggregation of the bacteria into microhabitats on the phylloplane had a great stimulatory effect on transfer....

  3. Present and future perspectives on immunotherapy for advanced renal cell carcinoma: Going to the core or beating around the bush?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hidenori Kawashima

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Metastatic lesions of renal cell carcinoma (RCC occasionally regress spontaneously after surgical removal of the primary tumor. Although this is an exceptionally rare occurrence, RCC has thus been postulated to be immunogenic. Immunotherapies, including cytokine therapy, peptide-based vaccines, and immune checkpoint inhibitors have therefore been used to treat patients with advanced, metastatic RCC. We review the history, trends, and recent progress in immunotherapy for advanced RCC and discuss future perspectives, with consideration of our experimental work on galectin 9 and PINCH as promising specific immunotherapy targets. 

  4. Rüütel handed over the Order of the Gross of Terra Mariana to George H. W. Bush

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel andis New Yorgis USA endisele presidendile Georg Herbert Walker Bushile Eesti iseseisvuspüüdluste toetamise eest Maarjamaa Risti I klassi ordeni. Töövisiit New Yorki 13.-17.09.2005

  5. From Bacon to Bush (Vannevar, Not G. W.): Common Ground between Useful Knowledge and Red Brick Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storella, Elaine

    2007-01-01

    The theory about the power of useful knowledge to improve the human condition was published in Francis Bacon's "Novum organon" and his "New Atlantis" in the seventeenth century. The connection between useful knowledge and red brick institutions from University College in London to Framingham State College and MIT in…

  6. "Here We Go 'Round the Mulberry Bush": Problematizing "Progress" in Ontario's Elementary School Dance Curriculum: 1900 to 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francis, Nancy R.; Lathrop, Anna H.

    2014-01-01

    Educational scholars agree that the relationship between curriculum development and practice is mitigated by complex political and cultural agendas (Goodson 1984; Vertinsky 2007). As a performing art form and physical activity, dance does not easily fit within the context of a typical school subject and is a site for ontological and…

  7. ÜRO rääkis veel rahust, ent Bush ootas vaikides sõda / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2003-01-01

    Prantsusmaa, Venemaa, Saksamaa, Guinea ja Süüria välisministrid pidasid ÜRO-s Iraagi-teemalise eriistungi. USA presidendi George W. Bushi suhetest Iraagi sõja vastaste riikidega. Nimekiri riikidest, kes kuuluvad Iraagi-vastasesse ajutisse koalitsiooni

  8. Terrorism drives Bush R&D money to defense and NIH; other science funding flat in Fiscal 2003

    CERN Multimedia

    Dawson, J

    2002-01-01

    The 2003 budget proposal includes nearly 112 billion dollars for science and technology, the highest R&D budget ever proposed. However it is so heavily weighted towards the National Institutes of Health and the Dept. of Defense, that funding of many including physics, is essentially left flat (7 pages).

  9. The Rhodesian African Rifles: The Growth and Adaptation of a Multicultural Regiment through the Rhodesian Bush War, 1965-1980

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    Banana ,” (the regimental song), or any other song relating to their experience in the war. It was quite common, particularly after some “lubrication...its own chain of command, the army around the RAR was a hollow shell of its former self. Lt. Gen. Walls stayed on briefly but had just resigned as

  10. Läti presidendi suures etenduses mängis peaosa hoopis Ameerika riigipea George W. Bush / Urmo Soonvald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soonvald, Urmo, 1973-

    2005-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi külaskäigust Riiga. Vt. samas: Rüütel üritas Bushi külla kutsuda; Küsimus president Georg W. Bushile; Reklaamiagentuur 100 000 krooniga Bushi ja USA-meelsuse vastu

  11. Method to produce acetyldiacylglycerols (ac-TAGs) by expression of an acetyltransferase gene isolated from Euonymus alatus (burning bush)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durrett, Timothy; Ohlrogge, John; Pollard, Michael

    2016-05-03

    The present invention relates to novel diacylglycerol acyltransferase genes and proteins, and methods of their use. In particular, the invention describes genes encoding proteins having diacylglycerol acetyltransferase activity, specifically for transferring an acetyl group to a diacylglycerol substrate to form acetyl-Triacylglycerols (ac-TAGS), for example, a 3-acetyl-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol. The present invention encompasses both native and recombinant wild-type forms of the transferase, as well as mutants and variant forms. The present invention also relates to methods of using novel diacylglycerol acyltransferase genes and proteins, including their expression in transgenic organisms at commercially viable levels, for increasing production of 3-acetyl-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerols in plant oils and altering the composition of oils produced by microorganisms, such as yeast, by increasing ac-TAG production. Additionally, oils produced by methods of the present inventions comprising genes and proteins are contemplated for use as biodiesel fuel, in polymer production and as naturally produced food oils with reduced calories.

  12. Carbon isotope discrimination and foliar nutrient status of Larrea tridentata (creosote bush) in contrasting Mojave Desert soils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamerlynck, Erik P; Huxman, Travis E; McAuliffe, Joseph R; Smith, Stanley D

    2004-01-01

    We investigated the relationships between foliar stable carbon isotope discrimination (Delta), % foliar N, and predawn water potentials (psi(pd)) and midday stomatal conductance ( g(s)) of Larrea tridentata across five Mojave Desert soils with different age-specific surface and sub-surface horizon development and soil hydrologies. We wished to elucidate how this long-lived evergreen shrub optimizes leaf-level physiological performance across soils with physicochemical characteristics that affect the distribution of limiting water and nitrogen resources. We found that in young, coarse alluvial soils that permit water infiltration to deeper soil horizons, % foliar N was highest and Delta, g(s) and psi(pd) were lowest, while %N was lowest and Delta, g(s) and psi(pd) were highest in fine sandy soils; Larrea growing in older soils with well-developed surface and sub-surface horizons exhibited intermediate values for these parameters. Delta showed negative linear relationships with % N (R(2)=0.54) and a positive relationship with psi(pd) (R(2)=0.14). Multiple regression analyses showed a strong degree of multicolinearity of g(s) and Delta with psi(pd) and N, suggesting that soil-mediated distribution of co-limiting water and nitrogen resources was the primary determinant of stomatal behavior, which is the primary limitation to productivity in this shrub. These findings show that subtle changes in the soil medium plays a strong role in the spatial and temporal distribution and utilization of limiting water and nitrogen resources by this long-lived desert evergreen, and that this role can be detected through carbon isotope ratios.

  13. Sexual dimorphism in the Kudremukh Bush Frog (Anura: Rhacophoridae: Raorchestes tuberohumerus of the Western Ghats, India, with a note on its distribution and conservation status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anand D. Padhye

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Raorchestes tuberohumerus (Kuramoto & Joshy, 2003 was described based on three male specimens and was diagnosed mainly based on the presence of tubercle on the humerus.  Here we describe the genetically confirmed female of the species and show that tubercle on the humeral bone is a sexually dimorphic character present only in males.  Further, based on current collection and literature review we studied the distribution of the species using niche based modelling. Using the distributional range and our observations on the threats to the habitat we propose that Raorchestes tuberohumerus, currently assessed as Data Deficient, can fall under the ‘Vulnerable’ category of IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.  

  14. Appenzell Creek, Aquashicola Creek, Buck Hill Creek, Bush Kill Creek, Cherry Creek, Cranberry Creek, Marshall Creek, Pocono Creek, and Swiftwater Creek Field SURVEY, Monroe COUNTY, PA, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...

  15. Carbapenem-resistant Serratia marcescens isolates producing Bush group 2f beta-lactamase (SME-1) in the United States: results from the MYSTIC Programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gales, A C; Biedenbach, D J; Winokur, P; Hacek, D M; Pfaller, M A; Jones, R N

    2001-02-01

    Two carbapenem (imipenem, meropenem)-resistant Serratia marcescens strains were isolated in the United States (Chicago, IL) through the 1999 MYSTIC (Meropenem Yearly Susceptibility Test Information Collection) Programme. The S. marcescens antimicrobial susceptible patterns were: susceptible to ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, and cefepime (MICs, 32 microg/ml) and aztreonam (MIC, > = 16 microg/ml). Each S. marcescens isolate shared an identical epidemiologic type (ribotype and PFGE) and the outer membrane protein profile was also identical to those of the wild type susceptible strains from the same medical center. The PCR utilizing bla(sme-1) primers amplified a gene product that was identified as consistent with SME-1 after DNA sequencing. Imipenem and meropenem resistance due to production of carbapenem-hydrolyzing enzymes among clinical isolates is still very rare, but microbiology laboratories should be aware of these chromosomally encoded enzymes among class C beta-lactamases producing enteric bacilli such as S. marcescens and Enterobacter cloacae.

  16. National Dam Inspection Program. Edgewater Village (NDI-ID Number MD-83), Bush River Basin, Unnamed Tributary of Otter Point Creek, Harford County, Phase I Inspection Report,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-07-01

    features of the dam. d. Seismic Stability. The dam is located in Seismic Zone 1; and, based on visual observation, the static stability of the dam...EDGEWATER VILLAGE DAM ’LOGIC NAP OF HANFORD COUNTY,GELG MA PNPAIEI BY STATE OF MARYLAND,GEL YMA MARYLAND GEOLOGIC SURVEY,EL K PER& AH RMEL KLPER&_A

  17. Appenzell Creek, Aquashicola Creek, Buck Hill Creek, Bush Kill Creek, Cherry Creek, Cranberry Creek, Marshall Creek, Pocono Creek, and Swiftwater Creek Field SURVEY, Monroe COUNTY, PA, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Hydrology data includes spatial datasets and data tables necessary for documenting the hydrologic procedures for estimating flood discharges for the flood insurance...

  18. La seguridad nacional en Estados Unidos de América : Toma de decisiones presidenciales en escenarios de crisis : George W. Bush (2001-2008) /

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz Lugardo, Pedro Isnardo de la

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, presenta Pedro Isnardo de la Cruz Lugardo ; asesor José Luis Orozco Alcántar, Leonardo Curzio Gutiérrez, Lourdes Quintanilla Obregón, Javier Oliva Posada, César Pérez Espinoza, Juan Pablo Córdoba. 469 páginas. Doctorado en Ciencias Políticas y Sociales UNAM, Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, 2011

  19. 美国非法移民潮与布什的临时工计划%The Flow of Illegal Immigrants and Bush's Guest-Worker Plan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姬虹

    2005-01-01

    美国目前有800-1000万的非法移民,其中墨西哥非法移民占了600万.2004年1月布什总统提出临时工计划,旨在解决非法移民问题.布什再次当选后,又一次提出该计划,并承诺把移民改革放在重要日程上.本文拟从历史的角度,结合当前美国社会的具体情况,探讨布什计划的可行性,以及美国移民政策的症结和出路所在.

  20. Development of bushings and bearings for use in hot-brine pumps. Quarterly technical progress report No. 6, March 1-June 1, 1981

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-06-01

    The nature of the problems associated with premature failures of downhole line shaft bearings, especially those tested in the Imperial Valley, was studied. Problem Definition is complete. Phase II, 100-hour Screening Tests, is 80 percent completed with promising results. Significant testing procedure modifications have been made and are presented.

  1. Permanent mold casting technology for large copper bush%大铜瓦的金属型铸造工艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘虹; 马广卿

    2003-01-01

    文章分析了大铜瓦原工艺及其存在的问题,通过生产试验,采用不切削无冒口金属型铸造工艺生产的大铜瓦,不仅提高了工艺出品率,降低了成本,而且也缩短了生产周期,提高了大铜瓦的寿命.

  2. La política de los Estados Unidos sobre el uso militar del espacio. De Bush (2006 a Obama (2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesáreo Gutiérrez Espada

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study maintains that the military use of outer space is a reality. And also that the new Space Policy of the United States (2010 will manage this reality (in any case more reasonably that their National Space Policy of 2006 especially taking in account of the national interests

  3. IN VITRO BIOACTIVITY OF CREOSOTE BUSH EXTRACTS (LARREA TRIDENTATA ON THE INHIBITION OF POSTHARVEST FUNGI: PENICILLIUM POLONICUM, ASPERGILLUS NIGER, RHIZOPUS ORYZAE Y ALTERNARIA TENUISSIMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Peñuelas-Rubio

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available En el presente estudio se evaluó la eficiencia de extractos vegetales deLarrea tridentataobtenidos con diclorometano, etanol, metanol y agua, sobre el crecimiento radial in vitro de cuatro hongos fitopatógenos, los cuales primeramente fueron identificados en género y especie empleando claves taxonómicas y técnicas moleculares. Para los bioensayosin vitrose aplicaron diseños completamente al azar con cuatro tratamientos y tres repeticiones en cada hongo, utilizando las concentraciones: 0, 250, 500 y 750 ppm paraAlternaria sp.; 0, 2000, 2500 y 3000 paraAspergillus sp.; 0, 1500, 1750 y 2000 paraPenicillium sp. y 0, 150, 200 y 250 ppm paraRhizopus sp. Cada tratamiento tuvo tres repeticiones. El análisis molecular determinó la especie tenuissima paraAlternaria,nigerparaApergillus,polonicumparaPenicilliumyoryzaeparaRhizopus. En cuanto a las pruebasin vitro, se determinaron inhibiciones del 100% para tres de los hongos en estudio:Alternaria tenuissimacon extracto EtOH a 750 ppm;Aspergillus nigercon extracto DCM a 3000 ppm yRhizopus oryzaea partir de 150 ppm y 250 ppm de los extractos DCM y EtOH respectivamente. Se presentó una inhibición del 82% a 2000 ppm paraPenicillium polonicum. Se concluye que a pesar de las diferencias en susceptibilidad entre las especies fúngicas, los extractos deLarrea tridentataobtenidos con etanol y dicloromentano son efectivos para el control de los hongos fitopatógenos bajo estudioin vitro.

  4. Development and use of bush-spreader%MC-160型麻头分丝机的研制与使用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文强

    2003-01-01

    MC-160型麻头分丝机集破碎、挤刮、脱皮、排渣、分丝、冲洗及脱水等功能于一体,一次投料就可将麻头自动分丝,其结构简单,生产率高,成本低,值得推广应用.

  5. Technical Experiments on VPI Technology of Resin Impregnated Paper Bushing Core%胶浸纸电容套管芯VPI技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王炜; 王振权

    2001-01-01

    分析了胶浸纸电容套管芯用VPI(真空压力浸胶)工艺技术,比较了混胶和真空脱气的几种工艺方法,指出真空、压力对产品质量的影响.并通过有关技术指标说明,运用VPI技术制造的无气隙绝缘制品发挥了油浸纸、胶粘纸电容套管芯的优点,同时又避免了两者的缺点,具有介质损耗低,介电强度高的性能.

  6. The Calculation of Creep Deformation of EMP Composite Bushings%EMP复合材料轴瓦的蠕变计算

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐红漫

    2005-01-01

    基于微观力学理论,建立了EMP复合材料轴瓦的蠕变柔量理论计算模型,并将计算值与试验数据进行了比较,两者具有较好的一致性,证明所建立的EMP复合材料轴瓦的蠕变柔量理论计算模型是可行的,具有工程应用价值.

  7. A fruit in hand is worth many more in the bush: steep spatial discounting by free-ranging rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kralik, Jerald D; Sampson, William W L

    2012-03-01

    Decision making is one of the principal cognitive processes underlying goal-directed behaviour and thus there is justifiably strong interest in modeling it. However, many of these models have yet to be tested outside of the laboratory. At the same time, field work would benefit from the use of experimental methods developed in the laboratory to determine the causal relationships between environmental variables and behaviour. We therefore adapted a laboratory-derived experimental paradigm to test decision making in the wild. The experiment used an indifference-point procedure to determine the influence of both the amount and distance of food on choice behaviour. Free-ranging rhesus monkeys were given the choice between a smaller amount of food at a closer distance and a larger amount farther away. In four conditions, we held the closer amount constant across trials and varied the farther amount to determine the point at which the monkeys were indifferent to the choice alternatives. For example, in condition one, we used one piece of food at the closer location, and determined how many pieces would be equivalent in the farther location. Four different closer amounts were tested to obtain an indifference point curve, with the indifference amounts at the farther location plotted against the closer amounts. The slope of the obtained linear indifference curve was surprisingly high, suggesting that rhesus monkeys significantly discount food that is farther away. Possible reasons for this steep spatial discounting are discussed.

  8. New locality record of the Travancore Bush Frog Raorchestes travancoricus Boulenger, 1891 (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae from Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Pratap Rajkumar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Raorchestes travancoricus is a rare and endemic rhacophorid from southern Western Ghats. The frog was listed in the Extinct category of the IUCN Red List until June 2015, even after its rediscovery in 2004.  In June 2015, the R. travancoricus was reassessed to Endangered category. All published reports of the species are restricted to disturbed habitats outside protected areas and the current study report the presence of the species from eight different localities from a protected area the Periyar Tiger Reserve. 

  9. Tree survey and allometric models for tiger bush in northern Senegal and comparison with tree parameters derived from high resolution satellite data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mads Olander; Goettsche, Frank-M.; Diop, Doudou;

    2011-01-01

    radius, and diameter at breast height (DBH), for which allometric models were determined. An object-based classification method was used to determine tree crown cover (TCC) from Quickbird data. The average TCC from the tree survey and the respective TCC from remote sensing were both about 3.0 For areas......A tree survey and an analysis of high resolution satellite data were performed to characterise the woody vegetation within a 10 x 10 km(2) area around a site located close to the town of Dahra in the semiarid northern part of Senegal. The surveyed parameters were tree species, height, tree crown...... beyond the surveyed areas TCC varied between 3.0% and 4.5 Furthermore, an empirical correction factor for tree clumping was obtained, which considerably improved the estimated number of trees and the estimated average tree crown area and radius. An allometric model linking TCC to tree stem crosssectional...

  10. US POLICY IN CENTRAL ASIA: TWO APPROACHES ADMINISTRATION OF GEORGE. BUSH (2005-2009 GG. AND BARACK OBAMA (2009-2010 BIENNIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. F. Troitsky

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Evolution of the U.S. strategy towards Central Asia in the second half of the 2000s was defined greatly by the development of the war in Afghanistan. However, since the middle of the decade the course of its implementation depended on the necessity to compensate or overcome consequences of the deterioration of the U.S. relations with Uzbekistan.

  11. Discussion on Method of Online Monitoring of Transformer Bushing%变压器套管在线监测方法探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈石桢; 施广宇; 张孔林

    2013-01-01

      介绍了几种容性设备的在线监测方法,分析了它们的优缺点。在介损测量现场应用中,存在电网谐波、频率波动、相间干扰、电磁干扰等因素,同时非同步采样、非整周期采样会对测试结果产生影响。为了提高测量精确度,要在算法改进、硬件改进、测量方法上作进一步的研究。只有通过软件算法与硬件相互配合,才能提高测量的精确度。%  Introduction was made to several online monitoring methods of capacitive equipment and analysis was made to their advantages and disadvantages. In field application of dielectric loss measurement, there existed harmonic influence, frequency fluctuating, inter-phase interfer-ence, electromagnetic interference and other interference factors, meanwhile asynchronous sampling and non-integer period sampling would influ-ence the test result. To improve the measurement accuracy, further research should be done on algorithm improvement, hardware improvement and measuring methods study. Only if the software algorithm corresponds to the hardware, the measurement precision will be improved.

  12. [Biliary calculi in the golden hamster. XXXVII. The prophylactic action of the creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) in pigmented cholelithiasis produced by vitamin A].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granados, H; Cárdenas, R

    1994-01-01

    In the present work the results of an experiment performed in the golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus), strain ChCM, are presented, in which the possible preventive action of pigment cholelithiasis by a powdered, desiccated, hydroalcoholic extract of leaves of "gobernadora" (Larrea tridentata) was studied. The extract was added to the lithogenic diet (basic diet + 25,000 I.U. of Vitamin A) at the 4% level; the hamsters were fed with the experimental diets during 70 days. The results showed that the group which received the diet with "gobernadora" did not develop pigment cholelithiasis, whereas the group that received the lithogenic diet alone developed cholelithiasis in 63% of cases. It is suggested that the active principle present in the leaves of "gobernadora", responsible for the prevention of the cholelithiasis is nordihydroguiaretic acid (NDGA), a potent antioxidant. On the other hand, the hamsters that received the diet containing "gobernadora" showed serious signs of toxicity and pathological changes, such as a marked reduction of growth, pronounced irritability and aggressiveness, and a marked hypoplasia both testicular and of the accessory sex glands.

  13. "Here We Go 'Round the Mulberry Bush": Problematizing "Progress" in Ontario's Elementary School Dance Curriculum: 1900 to 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francis, Nancy R.; Lathrop, Anna H.

    2014-01-01

    Educational scholars agree that the relationship between curriculum development and practice is mitigated by complex political and cultural agendas (Goodson 1984; Vertinsky 2007). As a performing art form and physical activity, dance does not easily fit within the context of a typical school subject and is a site for ontological and…

  14. Bush v. Bin Laden: Effect of State Emotion on Perceived Threat is Mediated by Emotion Towards the Threat Agent (Bush vs. Ben Laden: l’Effet de l’Emotion etat sur la Menace Percue est Mediatisees par l’Emotion vis-a-vis de l’Agent Menacant)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-01

    Oshin.Vartanian@drdc-rddc.gc .ca. REVUE INTERNATIONALE DE PSYCHOLOGIE SOCIALE 2010 N° 1 terrorism Mots-ellis Perception de menace, perception de risque... PSYCHOLOGIE SOCIALE 2010 N° 1 • The Present Research We sought to extend the investigation of the effect of emotion on threat-related judgments in...terrorism domain. REVUE INTERNATIONAlE DE PSYCHOlOGIE SOCIAlE 2010 N" 1 Method Participants A sample of 120 (45 male and 75 female) University of

  15. Theories of Educational Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bush, Tony

    2006-01-01

    Educational management is a field of study and practice concerned with the operation of educational organizations. The present author has argued consistently (Bush, 1986; Bush, 1995; Bush, 1999; Bush, 2003) that educational management has to be centrally concerned with the purpose or aims of education. These purposes or goals provide the crucial…

  16. GEOLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY OF SEEP CARBONATES FROM BUSH HILL OF THE GULF OF MEXICO%墨西哥湾布什山冷泉碳酸盐岩沉积岩石学及地球化学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邸鹏飞; 冯东; 陈多福; Harry H Roberts

    2009-01-01

    对墨西哥湾布什山采集的7块冷泉碳酸盐岩样品进行了沉积岩石学及地球化学研究,结果表明:冷泉碳酸盐岩以结壳的形式产出,结壳中双壳类和管状蠕虫等冷泉生物碎屑发育,结壳主要由泥晶、微晶和亮晶文石组成(含量89%~99%,平均94%).碳酸盐岩13C中等亏损(Δ13c最负值为-29.4‰,PDB),表明碳的来源主要是非甲烷的碳烃化合物,11O相对富集(δ18O为+2.4‰~+5.0‰,PDB),可能与原地水合物分解形成富集18O的孔隙水有关.碳酸盐矿物相(5%硝酸可溶部分)的稀土元素总量较低(0.40×10-6~20.85×10-6),稀土元素Ce异常特征和页岩标准化配分模式在不同样品、甚至同一样品结晶程度不同的碳酸盐矿物相(泥晶、微晶和亮晶)中变化显著,表明布什山冷泉碳酸盐岩形成过程中氧化还原条件复杂多变,控制氧化环境变化的主要因素可能是流体的渗漏速率.

  17. Bush Administration's Taiwan Policy and America's Strategy and Long Term Interest in Asia and Pacific Region%布什的台湾政策与美国的亚太战略和长期利益

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍特; 江山

    2003-01-01

    文章在对布什政府对台政策进行具体分析评述的基础上,进一步分析了美国对台政策对中美关系的影响,并从国家利益的角度对美国对台政策的动因作了分析.

  18. With cooling and double floor. Clima-Tect for cable bushing ensures air conditioning of servers; Mit Kuehlung und doppeltem Boden. Clima-Tect fuer Kabeldurchfuehrungen sichert Server-Klimatisierung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gassel, Christine

    2011-04-15

    While data centers are growing worldwide, their energy requirements and thus their cost also increase. Nearly twelve percent of the total expenditure now went to electricity as shown by new calculations of the IT market research institute Gartner Inc. (Munich, Federal Republic of Germany). According to the analysts, just 35 to 50 percent of this flow into the server cooling. Thus, although the air conditioners are becoming more efficient, the more powerful racks emit significant amounts of heat at the same time. A major problem is the mixing of cooling air with the hot exhaust air from the plants. Even the air-tight sealing of the cable entry in the double floor could reduce costs by a tenth.

  19. United States Policy on Detainees Captured During the Global War on Terror in Light of the United States Supreme Court Decisions in Rasul v. Bush, Rumsfeld v. Padilla, and Hamdi v. Rumsfeld

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    enemy combatants, John Walker Lindh , Yaser Esam Hamdi, and Jose Padilla. Only Jose Padilla’s case remains unresolved. Trying Padilla and future U.S...heard in the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, may resolve the issue. 111 John Walker Lindh , the “American Taliban,” was...sentenced to 20 years in federal prison. See Susan Candiotti, “Walker Lindh sentenced to 20 years,” 4 October 2002; available from <http

  20. Environmental impact of almond crop in strong slope with two vegetable covers: bush and leguminous; Impacto en el medio ambiente del cultivo de almendros en fuertes pendientes con dos cubiertas vegetales: Matorral y Leguminosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carceles Rodriguez, B.; Francia Martinez, J. R.; Martinez Raya, A.

    2009-07-01

    Soil erosion is one of the main physical processes of land degradation in Spain. Several studies in the Mediterranean environment have demonstrated the positive effect of vegetation covers on the reduction of water erosion and their indirect improvement of the soil physical and chemical properties, essentially by the incorporation of organic matter. Sol loss and surface runoff patterns over a four-year period were monitors in erosion plots from hill slope with two different cover-crop strips: (1) non-tillage with leguminous (Lens esculenta Moench) and (2) non-tillage with and a mixture of autochthonous thymes (Thymus baeticus Boiss. ex Lacaita, Thymus capitatus (L) Hoffmanns and Link., Thymus vulgaris L.) of 3 m with, in Lanjaron (Granada) on the south flank of the Sierra Nevada of southeast Spain. The erosion plots were located on the hill slope at 35% incline, at 580 m in altitude and with 144 m{sup 2} (24 m x 6 m) in area. the area selected for the experiment is the part of the rainfed orchard given entirely with almond (Prunus amygdalus Basch cv. Desmayo Largueta) trees, the planting gird were 6 x 7 m. (Author) 10 refs.

  1. President Bush Calls on Senate to Back Human Cloning Ban布什总统呼吁参议院支持人类克隆禁令(节选)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌宵

    2002-01-01

    We live in a time of tremendous medical progress. A little more than a year ago, scientists first cracked(解读)the human genetic code(基因密码)-one of the most important advances in scientific history, Already, scientists are developing new diagnostic (诊断的) tools so that each of us can know our risks of disease and act to prevent them.

  2. Preliminary Study on Interspecific Transfer of Bush Trait through Cucurbita moschata by Cucurbita maxima%南瓜丛生性状的种间转育研究初报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小俊; 李跃建; 张知仪; 刘独臣; 房超; 梁根云

    2009-01-01

    利用一对种间可杂交材料印度南瓜P1和中国南瓜P2,成功将中国南瓜丛生性状转入印度南瓜.初步分析表明,该丛生性状在印度南瓜中的形态表现和遗传规律与在中国南瓜中一样;它对印度南瓜的蔓生和半丛生性状呈完全显性关系.获得的丛生印度南瓜材料通过进一步研究和改良,可解决生产上存在的印度南瓜早熟、优质,但单产的问题,也可为丛生印度南瓜育种提供一条新途径.

  3. 秋水仙素对辣椒生长的影响及多倍体诱导效应研究%Studies on the Influence of Colchicine on Growth and Multiploid Induction of Bush Redpepper Capsicum annuum L.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢晓玲; 邓自发

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, the polyploidy-induction effects of colchicine on pepper Capsicum annuum L. With different concentration (0. 01%, 0. 03%, 0. 05%) and treated time (2 d, 4 d, 6 d) were studied. The results showed that the chromosome number of variant plants varied with cells which had 4 n = 48 chromosomes and some was 2 n = 24 chromosomes. Contrasted to normal diploid plants (ck), the induced plants exhibited the morphologic characteristics with thicker and larger leaves, larger stomata and stronger stems with longer length per stem stalk. Relevant indexes all showed significant or extreme significant differences, and the difference increased with intensity of treatment. Induced plants showed chimera through ploidy determinion (2 n to plant chimeras 2 n = 24 or 48). With the same treating time, the polyploidy-induction effects of colchicine on pepper Capsicum annuuml was different in different concentration, but in the same concentration, the number of leaves and stomata of induced plant had no obvious difference with different treating time(p >0.05), but others had extreme difference(p < 0.01). There had some interaction between colchicine concertration and treating time. In all treatments, only stomato area had no obvious difference, the others indexes were different significantly or extreme significantly each other. Based on the integrative analysis, it was concluded that the best combination of colchicine solution concentration and processing time was the best combination of 0.05% induced 6d, and the induction rate could reach 26.1 %.%以秋水仙素为诱变剂,比较了不同浓度和不同处理时长组合下辣椒(Capsicum annuum L.)的生长差异和多倍体诱导效应.结果表明:和对照植株相比,所有处理变异植株在形态上表现为叶片宽大,叶色较深,茎变粗且节间距长,气孔增大;相关指标都表现出显著或极显著的差异,而且随着处理强度的增加差异更为明显.秋水仙素诱导产生的变异植株经染色体倍性鉴定植株表征为嵌合体(2 n=24或2 n=48).相同处理时长下,不同浓度秋水仙素溶液对辣椒多倍体诱导效应差异显著,而对相同浓度下不同处理时长对植株叶片数和气孔面积影响差异不显著(P>0.05),其它指标差异极显著(P<0.01).秋水仙素浓度与处理时长之间存在交互作用,不同处理之间除气孔面积差异不显著之外,其它指标间差异显著或极显著.结合加倍率和植株死亡率综合分析后认为,用0.05%的秋水仙素溶液处理6天诱导效果最佳,诱导诱导加倍率可达26.1%.

  4. A new bush anole (Iguanidae, Polychrotinae, Polychrus) from the upper Marañon basin, Peru, with a redescription of Polychrus peruvianus (Noble, 1924) and additional information on Polychrus gutturosus Berthold, 1845.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Claudia; Venegas, Pablo J; Garcia-Bravo, Antonio; Böhme, Wolfgang

    2011-01-01

    We herein describe a new colorful species of Polychrus with a conspicuous sexual dimorphism from the dry forest of the northern portion of Región de La Libertad, Peru. The new species differs from all other Polychrus species, in that this species has very small dorsal scales and thus a higher number of scales around midbody and in the middorsal line from behind the occipital scales to the level of the posterior edge of the thigh. Furthermore, we redescribe Polychrus peruvianus whose original description is short and lacks information on intraspecific variation and sexual dimorphism. Also, we add some information on intraspecific variation and ecology of Polychrus gutturosus. Finally, we synonymize Polychrus spurrelli Boulenger with Polychrus gutturosus.

  5. "I was on the way to the hospital but delivered in the bush": Maternal health in Ghana's Upper West Region in the context of a traditional birth attendants' ban.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rishworth, Andrea; Dixon, Jenna; Luginaah, Isaac; Mkandawire, Paul; Tampah Prince, Caesar

    2016-01-01

    This study examines perceptions and experiences of mothers, traditional birth attendants (TBA), and skilled birth attendants (SBA) regarding Ghana's recent policy that forbids TBAs from undertaking deliveries and restricts their role to referrals. In the larger context of Ghana's highly underdeveloped and geographically uneven health care system, this study draws on the political ecology of health framework to explore the ways global safe motherhood policy discourses intersect with local socio-cultural and political environments of Ghana's Upper West Region (UWR). This study reveals that futile improvements in maternal health and the continued reliance on TBAs illustrate the government's inability to understand local realities marked by poor access to SBAs or modern health care services. Using focus group discussions (FGDs) (n = 10) and in-depth interviews (IDIs) (n = 48) conducted in Ghana's UWR, the findings suggest that mothers generally perceive TBAs as better placed to conduct deliveries in rural isolated communities, where in most cases no SBAs are present or easily accessible. The results indicate that by adhering to the World Health Organization's guidelines, the local government may be imposing detrimental, unintended consequences on maternal and child health in remote rural locations. In addition, the findings suggest that the new policy has resulted in considerable confusion among TBAs, many of whom remain oblivious or have not been officially notified about the new policy. Furthermore, participant accounts suggest that the new policy is seen as contributing to worsening relations and tensions between TBAs and SBAs, a situation that undermines the delivery of maternal health services in the region. The study concludes by suggesting relevant policy recommendations.

  6. A new bush anole (Iguanidae, Polychrotinae, Polychrus) from the upper Marañon basin, Peru, with a redescription of Polychrus peruvianus (Noble, 1924) and additional information on Polychrus gutturosus Berthold, 1845

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Claudia; Venegas, Pablo J.; Garcia-Bravo, Antonio; Böhme, Wolfgang

    2011-01-01

    Abstract We herein describe a new colorful species of Polychrus with a conspicuous sexual dimorphism from the dry forest of the northern portion of Región de La Libertad, Peru. The new species differs from all other Polychrus species, in that this species has very small dorsal scales and thus a higher number of scales around midbody and in the middorsal line from behind the occipital scales to the level of the posterior edge of the thigh. Furthermore, we redescribe Polychrus peruvianus whose original description is short and lacks information on intraspecific variation and sexual dimorphism. Also, we add some information on intraspecific variation and ecology of Polychrus gutturosus. Finally, we synonymize Polychrus spurrelli Boulenger with Polychrus gutturosus. PMID:22287882

  7. Esimene ametis olev Ameerika Ühendriikide president külastas Eestit / Eve Salundi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salundi, Eve

    2006-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi visiidist Eestisse. Kadriorus võttis külalise vastu president Toomas Hendrik Ilves. Vt. samas: George Walker Bush; USA toetab Gruusiat; George W. Bush edastab viisateema kongressile

  8. Five Focuses of U.S.Foreign Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Mengzi

    2004-01-01

    @@ The U.S. Presidential campaign in 2004 revealed a phenomenon of high "polarization" in American society, and it also exposed the sharp competition between the two political forces--liberal and conservative. Finally more of the constituency voted for Bush, hence Mr. Bush won re-election. This has not only changed the Bush family's fate of "winning a war but losing election," but also helped Bush clean up his psychological shadow of his "presidency" decided by the Supreme Court in the last general election. As a "wartime president, undoubtedly Bush will become greater political confidence for his second term.

  9. Security Policy:Consistency,Adjustments and Restraining Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Jiemian

    2004-01-01

    @@ In the 2004 U.S. presidential election, despite well-divided domestic opinions and Kerry's appealing slogan of "Reversing the Trend," a slight majority still voted for George W. Bush in the end. It is obvious that, based on the author's analysis, security agenda such as counter-terrorism and Iraqi issue has contributed greatly to the reelection of Mr. Bush. This also indicates that the security policy of Bush's second term will basically be consistent.

  10. Security Policy: Consistency, Adjustments and Restraining Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang; Jiemian

    2004-01-01

    In the 2004 U.S. presidential election, despite well-divided domestic opinions and Kerry's appealing slogan of "Reversing the Trend," a slight majority still voted for George W. Bush in the end. It is obvious that, based on the author's analysis, security agenda such as counter-terrorism and Iraqi issue has contributed greatly to the reelection of Mr. Bush. This also indicates that the security policy of Bush's second term will basically be consistent.……

  11. US Human Rights Conduct and International Legitimacy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keating, Vincent Charles

    Did the Bush administration fundamentally harm the international human rights system through its rejection of human rights norms? This is the central question explored within US Human Rights Conduct and International Legitimacy, which analyses the practices of legitimacy between the Bush...... nations have followed in America's footsteps, and that the Bush administration's deviation from international norms has served to reaffirm worldwide commitment to human rights....... administration, states, and international organizations in cases of torture, habeas corpus, and rendition. Vincent Keating argues that despite the material power of the United States, there is little evidence that the Bush administration gravely damaged international norms on torture and habeas corpus as few...

  12. 78 FR 45405 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Reclassification of Acmispon dendroideus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-26

    ... Clemente Island bush mallow), Acmispon dendroideus (Lotus scoparius subsp.) var. traskiae, and Castilleja... rule would be removed or sufficiently ameliorated. Given the threats in common to the species...

  13. 社、树及云雨--桑树林下的男女与《诗经》中的性隐喻%Community, T ree, and the Sport of Cloud and Rain ---Men and Women in the Mulberry Bushes and the Sex Metaphor in Book of Songs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志胜

    2015-01-01

    The ceremony of offering sacrifices to community god in ancient times was very solemn and no lack of warmth .It was an occasion of offering sacrifices to the god of earth ,and a greatest opportunity for young men and women to meet and communicate , as the god of land was not only the dominator of the births on the earth , but also the psychic match‐maker of human marriage . Love making under sacrificial tree gave birth to large number of emperors and sages in ancient times . It is a portrayal of the primitive marriage customs , and a reflection of the traditional Chinese cultural conception of the unity of heaven and man .“The desire for food and sex is part of human nature .” This saying depicts the plain life style of ancient people , and has been the life ideals advocated by confucianists . A review of the history in this period helps us to understand our ancestors'aw areness of heaven and earth , and therefore no longer view the recurring descriptions of “Wushan's clouds and rain” , and“date in mulberry bushes”as odd tales . It also enables us to have a more profound understanding of the origin of the traditional culture . There will be no more wonder in knowing that Book of Songs once was considered as pornographic poetry .%古代的社祭隆重而不乏温情,在祭拜土神的同时,社祭典礼还为青年男女提供了相会和交流的最好机遇,因为土地神不仅主宰大地的生养,还是人们婚姻的媒神。社祭树下的媾合孕育了一大批古代的帝王与圣贤,这是人类原始婚姻状态的写照,更是中国传统文化天人合一理念的反映。“食色性也”,描摹了古人朴素的生活方式,一直是儒家倡导的人生理想。

  14. Study on the life-time of axle journals and axle bushing of the crankshaft and reliability of CA488 engines%CA488型发动机曲轴轴颈轴瓦耐磨寿命及可靠性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范秀红

    2005-01-01

    根据5台CA488型发动机维修过程中实测到的一组数据,运用零件的磨损规律,用数理统计的方法研究了曲轴轴颈与轴瓦磨损配合间隙与其使用寿命的关系,并提出了提高其耐磨寿命的具体措施.

  15. Exposure to creosote bush phenolic resin causes avoidance in the leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex lobicornis (Formicidae: Attini La exposición a la resina fenólica de jarilla causa deterrencia en la hormiga cortadora de hojas Acromyrmex lobicornis (Formicidae: Attini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANA I MEDINA

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We focused our study on the effects of Larrea cuneifolia phenolic resin on leaf-cutting ants from two populations (Sierra de las Quijadas National Park and San Roque of Acromyrmex lobicornis in San Luis, Argentina. We conducted two bioassays of food choice (field and laboratory to compare the effects of phenolic resin on ant workers from these two populations. Results of the field experiment indicated that there were no differences in preference for either leaves treated with resin or untreated leaves among colonies from both localities. However, results of the laboratory experiments with individual ants indicated a significant effect of population and treatment on the time spent in different treatments. While leaf-cutting individual workers from Quijadas preferred the phenolic resin, workers from San Roque avoided it. These results evidence that ants respond according to time of exposure to chemicals from plants (presence or absence and that the effects of resin among a population can be observed and measured on individual ant workers, even in the absence of fungus garden influences in the nest.Este estudio se ha centrado en los efectos que produce la resina fenólica de Larrea cuneifolia sobre dos poblaciones distintas (Parque Nacional de Sierra de las Quijadas y la localidad de San Roque de Acromyrmex lobicornis en San Luis, Argentina. Se disenaron dos tipos de bioensayos (a campo y en laboratorio para comparar los efectos de la resina fenólica sobre las hormigas obreras de estas dos poblaciones. Los resultados de los experimentos de elección de la oferta alimentaria en el campo, indicaron que no hubo ninguna diferencia de preferencia entre las colonias, ni por las hojas tratadas con resina ni por las hojas sin tratar para ambas localidades. Sin embargo, los resultados de los experimentos de laboratorio con las hormigas obreras individualmente indicaron efectos significativos entre las poblaciones y entre los tratamientos. Mientras que las hormigas obreras de Quijadas prefirieron la resina fenólica, las obreras de San Roque la rechazaron. Estos resultados evidencian que las hormigas responden de acuerdo al tiempo de exposición a los productos naturales de las plantas (presencia y ausencia y que los efectos de la resina entre poblaciones, puede ser observada y medida en las hormigas obreras aun en ausencia de la influencia del jardín de hongos de la colonia.

  16. 美国对中东政治伊斯兰政策的演变——从卡特到老布什%The Evolution of U.S.Policy to Political Islam In the Middle East: From Carter to Bush Sr.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云

    2010-01-01

    政治伊斯兰的出现极大地影响了美国在中东地区的利益.但与遏制苏联的全球战略相比,对付政治伊斯兰的问题显然处于次要地位,而且卡特、里根和老布什三任政府都试图利用伊斯兰力量制约苏联.老布什政府对阿尔及利亚选举进程的态度充分说明美国政府对政治伊斯兰力量的怀疑与不信任,也说明伊朗伊斯兰革命对美国的中东政策产生了深远影响.这一时期,美国并没有出台对政治伊斯兰的明确而连续的政策.

  17. Wat er geworden is van de Amerikaanse droom: democratie in de Nieuwe Wereld na Bush [Review of: M. Keller America's three regimes: a new political history; P. Bobbitt Terror and consent: the wars for the twenty-first century; S.S. Wolin Democracy incorporated: managed democracy and the specter of inverted totalitarianism; S. Wilentz The age of Reagan: a history, 1974-2008

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Beus, J.

    2009-01-01

    Over de hele wereld verwacht men dat de komst van Obama zal zorgen voor een ommekeer binnen de Amerikaanse politiek. Wat schrijven de deskundigen van eigen bodem over de toekomst van hun grillige democratie?

  18. La invasión militar en la República de Irak y la democratización en el Oriente Medio: un análisis de la política exterior de la administración norteamericana de George Walker Bush (2001-2009)

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Esta tesis doctoral está organizada en cinco capitulos. En el primer capuitulo, presento el marco teorico de la investigacion. Analizo tres terminos que son esenciales para este estudio: la democracia, la democratizacion y el islam político. Investigo el significado de estos términos como también, las diiferentes teorías en que se fundamentan. Primero, evaluo los orígenes y el desarrollo de la democracia desde sus comienzos hasta el presente. Tambien, estudio que teorias y movimientos influye...

  19. 论图图奥拉的非洲特色——以《我在鬼怪丛林中的生活》为例%On Amos Tutuola's African Features:A Case Study of "My Life in the Bush of Ghosts"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑俊

    2012-01-01

    图图奥拉自发表《棕榈酒鬼》以来一直备受批评家们的质疑,他们批评他有限的学校教育及完全钟情于鬼怪世界而无视尼日利亚的社会现实问题等等,在种种质疑的背后,却是图图奥拉扎根本土文化,反映非洲神奇、鬼魅、恐怖的幻想世界的独特本质。该文拟从非洲的文学素材和非洲的民俗信仰两方面来阐述图图奥拉的非洲特色。%Since the publication of Tutuola's The Palm Wine Drunkard,critics have questioned his position for he seems to be addicted to the world of ghosts but pays no attention to the social problems in Nigeria.Nevertheless,it is argued that Tutuola displays the native culture through the revelation of the mysteries,ghosts and terrors in the fantasy world of Africa.This paper studies the literary corpus and the African folk customs and faiths concerned.

  20. The emergency replacement for jet pump plunger bushing of diesel engine combination in condition of field operations%野战条件下柴油机组合式喷油泵柱塞偶件的应急更换

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋晋生; 严聪

    2002-01-01

    提出一种在野战条件下,利用随车工具器材对喷油泵中的柱塞偶件实施应急更换以及对喷油泵进行应急调试的方法,以提高军用移动电站野战条件下的自我保障能力.

  1. A Critical Discourse Analysis of Media Report——Take Ten American News Report and Ten Speeches by Bush as Example%"批评话语分析"解读媒体报道——以10篇美国新闻报道和10篇布什演讲为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解慧琴; 李留涛

    2010-01-01

    文章采用批评语篇分析的理论框架,以情态系统为研究方法,对布什执政以来发表的10篇演说与美国各媒体对相关事件的10篇新闻报道进行对比分析,试图从这两种媒体语篇在"隐含地从意识形态上影响读者"这一方面找出差异.为今后的研究者提供一个考察演讲和新闻报道之间相同点与不同点的新视角.

  2. The germination of bush mint (Hyptis marrubioides EPL. seeds as a function of harvest stage, light, temperature and duration of storage=Germinação de sementes de hortelã-do-campo (Hyptis marrubioides EPL. em função da época de colheita, da luz, temperatura e armazenamento.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Monteiro Corrêa

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the effect of light, temperature, physiologic stage at harvest and length of time on the germination of Hyptis marrubioides seeds. Two trials were conducted. The first experiment was performed immediately after the seed harvest and consisted of a 2 x 3 x 3 factorial design with 2 environmental conditions (light and dark, 3 temperatures (20, 30 and 20/30ºC and 3 seed harvest times (green colored seeds, light brown seeds and dark brown seeds. The second experiment was conducted in the presence of light at a temperature of 30ºC and consisted of a 4 x 3 factorial design, with 4 storage times (0, 6, 12 and 18 months and the 3 three harvest physiologic stages used in the previous experiment. Both of the experiments were conducted in randomized blocks, with 4 replications of 100 seeds. Light did not affect germination. By contrast, a temperature of 20ºC retarded the germination process, although the percentage of germinating seeds was not affected. Seed storage and the different harvest physiologic stages affected the Speed of germination index (SGI and the germination percentage. Seeds that were harvested at the more mature stage (dark brown color could be stored for up to 18 months.O presente trabalho teve como objetivos avaliar a influência da luz, da temperatura, do estádio fisiológico na colheita e do armazenamento na germinação das sementes de Hyptis marrubioides. Foram realizados dois experimentos, sendo o primeiro implantado logo após a colheita das sementes, constituído por um fatorial 2 x 3 x 3, com 2 ambientes (luz e escuro x 3 temperaturas (20, 30 e 20/30ºC x 3 épocas de colheita das sementes (sementes com coloração verde, coloração marrom claro e coloração marrom escuro. O segundo experimento, em presença de luz e à temperatura de 30ºC, foi constituído por um esquema fatorial 4 x 3, sendo 4 tempos de armazenamento (0, 6, 12 e 18 meses e 3 três estádios fisiológicos de coleta mencionados no experimento anterior. Ambos os experimentos foram implantados no delineamento em blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições de 100 sementes. Foi verificado que o fator luz não influenciou a germinação. Por outro lado, a temperatura de 20ºC retardou a germinação, apesar de não influenciar a sua porcentagem. O armazenamento e os diferentes estádios fisiológicos de colheita das sementes influenciaram o IVG e a porcentagem de germinação. Sementes coletadas no estádio mais maduro (coloração marron escuro demonstraram ser apropriadas para o armazenamento por até 18 meses.

  3. SShA nuzhna silnaja Jevropa / Georg Schwarte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schwarte, Georg

    2005-01-01

    USA president George W. Bush kohtus Euroopa Komisjoni presidendi Jose Manuel Barroso, EL-i eesistuja Luksemburgi peaministri Jean-Claude Junckeri ja EL-i välispoliitika juhi Javier Solanaga. G. Bush kinnitas kohtumisel, et USA toetab tugevat Euroopa Liitu

  4. Ads and Parody: Understanding Persuasion and Culture in Advertising

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tollefson, Michael M.; Huisman, Dena

    2014-01-01

    Parody involves creating humor through "imitating a style or genre of literature or other media" (Buijzen & Valkenburg, 2004, p. 154). More specifically, Bush, Bush, and Boller (1994) argued that parody involves both imitation of an original text, and discrepancies from the original that create humor and insight. The discrepancies…

  5. Priming and Media Impact on the Evaluations of the President's Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Zhongdang; Kosicki, Gerald M.

    1997-01-01

    Analyzes media content and opinion poll data to show that President Bush's job approval ratings were closely tied between August 1990 and November 1992 to changes in issue salience of the Gulf War and economic recession. Formulates and tests hypotheses concerning media effects on voters' evaluations of Bush. Shows that his ratings were related to…

  6. Legislating Civil Service Reform: The Homeland Security Act of 2002

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-22

    stage for future agency-specific chapters for NASA , the SEC, DOD and DHS. 4. The George W. Bush Administration The George W. Bush administration came...they are going to follow your line because you control their pay, their determination at will, their layoff .”97 There were also questions about whether

  7. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves - tõusev täht Euroopa poliitilisel areenil = President Toomas Hendrik Ilves - a rising star in Europe's political arena

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Väljavõtteid välisajakirjandusest president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kohta. Lisatud foto: Strateegilised partnerid: George W. Bush ja Toomas Hendrik Ilves arutamas Valges Majas küberkaitse probleeme = Strategic partners: George W. Bush and Toomas Hendrik Ilves discuss cyber security issues at the White House

  8. Longer Than a Honeymoon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    For Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, his visit to the United States in late June went beyond a formal summit with President George W. Bush. Koizumi, a loyal Elvis Presley fan, thanked American people for "Love Me Tender" in his closing remarks at a nationally televised press conference with Bush at the White House, marking his curtain call as

  9. El regreso a la escuela, Sigamos adelante: Lo que significa para las familias americanas "No dejar atras a ningun nino" (Back to School, Moving Forward: What "No Child Left Behind" Means for America's Families).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of the Secretary.

    This pamphlet for parents Spanish presents the components of the "No Child Left Behind" policy of the George W. Bush administration. Prefaced with remarks by President Bush and Secretary of Education Rod Paige, the pamphlet discusses the importance of high academic standards and provides guidance for parents in interpreting test scores. The…

  10. 拉拉队名人榜

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    George W.Bush乔治·W·布什It was while attending a boys’ boarding school in Massachusetts that George W.Bush discovered his talent for cheerleading. Having continually failed in his attempts to play baseball,Bush,who already owned shares in his father’s company and was the

  11. 76 FR 39967 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: U.S. National Commission for UNESCO Laura W...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: U.S. National Commission for UNESCO Laura W. Bush Traveling... of 1995. Title of Information Collection: U.S. National Commission for UNESCO Laura W. Bush...

  12. 77 FR 29077 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 12-Month Finding on a Petition To Downlist Three...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ... propose to correct the scientific and common names of San Clement Island lotus. We are also announcing our 12-month finding on a petition to reclassify San Clemente Island bush mallow is not warranted at this... (San Clemente Island bush mallow), Acmispon (previously listed as Lotus) dendroideus var....

  13. 75 FR 28636 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 34 Species in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ..., 16 Animal Species and 18 Plant Species in California and Nevada Common name Scientific name Status.../ hookeri var. 1979. ravenii. San Clemente Island bush mallow. Malacothamnus Endangered........ U.S.A. (CA...-legged frog, Santa Catalina Island fox, Hidden Lake bluecurls, San Clemente Island bush mallow,...

  14. 78 FR 61164 - Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ... bushings, and inner cylinder bushings. For all airplanes, this AD requires a maintenance program revision... proposed to require a maintenance program revision, one-time inspections of the MLG truck beam, and related..., 2013) to specify the repetitive interval for the lubrication schedule (as referenced in Boeing...

  15. Unilateralism or Multilateralism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cai Tuo

    2004-01-01

    @@ President Bush will have to make some policy readjustments after his reelection because he will confront a severe situation both at home and abroad. One of his important tasks is how to handle the relations with international organizations and international mechanism. To put it more exactly, the Bush administration has to make adjustments and choices between unilateralism and multilateralism.

  16. 一部偏激的纪录片

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    法满; Photocome

    2005-01-01

    Award winning documentary maker Michael Moore attends a photoshoot to promote his latest project Fahrenheit 911, a piece on Bush administration and post 911 America, The movie has won the highest click through rate online among movies of the time and has ignited an anti-Bush fervor,

  17. Development of a Complete Model of Turbulence Revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-01

    model have been those of Bush and Fendell (Ref 14 - for the mixing-length model) and Wilcox and Traci. In neither case were effects of pressure gradient...Second Edition (1976). - - - ---. ~A 14. Bush, .B. and Fendell , F.E., "Asymptotic Analysis of Turbulent Channel and Boundary-Layer Flow," JFM, Vol 56

  18. 7 CFR 1416.704 - Payment calculation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for: (1) Seedlings or cuttings, for trees, bushes or vine replanting; (2) Site preparation and debris...) Replacement, rehabilitation, and pruning; and (6) Labor used to transplant existing seedlings established..., the county committee shall calculate payment based on the number of qualifying trees, bushes or...

  19. U.S. Embargo Walls Us In

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durand, Cliff; McGuire, Mike

    2004-01-01

    On June 30, the Bush administration imposed new regulations sharply curtailing already-limited travel to Cuba. A New York Times article published on June 24 characterized the regulations as "part of a broader plan that President Bush announced last month to be tougher on President Fidel Castro and speed a transition to democracy in Cuba.…

  20. The Impact of Operation Iraqi Freedom on Building Future Coalitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-11

    British Bulldog or Bush’s Poodle? Anglo-American Relations and the Iraq War.” Parameters. Carlisle Barracks:Winter 2003/2004. Vol. 33, Iss. 4, Pp...74. 31 Dombrowski, Pp. 118. 32 Wither, James. “British Bulldog or Bush’s Poodle? Anglo-American Relations and the Iraq War.” Parameters. Carlisle

  1. Electrical connection structure for a superconductor element

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lallouet, Nicolas; Maguire, James

    2010-05-04

    The invention relates to an electrical connection structure for a superconductor element cooled by a cryogenic fluid and connected to an electrical bushing, which bushing passes successively through an enclosure at an intermediate temperature between ambient temperature and the temperature of the cryogenic fluid, and an enclosure at ambient temperature, said bushing projecting outside the ambient temperature enclosure. According to the invention, said intermediate enclosure is filled at least in part with a solid material of low thermal conductivity, such as a polyurethane foam or a cellular glass foam. The invention is applicable to connecting a superconductor cable at cryogenic temperature to a device for equipment at ambient temperature.

  2. English Translation of Qian Wenrong's Article%钱文荣文英译文

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    By Qian Wenrong

    2002-01-01

    @@ A year of anti-terrorist war has passed since President Bush declared war on Afganistan on October 7,2001. In the course of the war, Bush's anti-terrorist strategic thinking has been enriched and perfected gradually as the war develops in greater depth and was finally formed as so-called "Bushism" ,which has become the guideline not only for the American war on anti-terrorism, but also for the Bush administration's external strategy. It is exerting profound impact on international politics and international relations.

  3. USA ja EL vähendavad kaubandustõkkeid / Kertu Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Kertu, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Tippkohtumisel Washingtonis arutasid Euroopa Komisjoni president Jose Manuel Barroso ja USA president George W. Bush, kuidas EL-i ja USA majandussuhteid vabamaks muuta. Diagramm: EL-i kaubavahetus USA-ga

  4. A New Design of Magnetic Fluid Seal for Liquids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Tong-gang; YANG Zhi-yi

    2005-01-01

    Direct contract between the sealed liquid and the magnetic fluid in a dynamic system under magnetic field may lead to an unstable interface, consequently, break down the seal. Aiming at this problem, a new magnetic fluid seal (MFS) was developed. In this new MFS, a soft iron bushing with high permeability was introduced on the shaft and nonferrous shields were installed beside the bushing and the pole pieces. The parameters of the bushing and the shields were optimized in a seal simulation facility. The results show that the bushing with a thickness of 7 mm and shields with a width of 8 mm are best for sealing a shaft 20 mm in diameter. The MFS designed based on the optimum parameters shows good performance and long life span for sealing lubricating oil.

  5. White House: China not Manipulating Money

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      The Bush administration determined that China was not manipulating its currency to gain economic advantages but still pressed Chinese to move more quickly to allowthe yuan's value to be set by market forces.……

  6. White House: China not Manipulating Money

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ The Bush administration determined that China was not manipulating its currency to gain economic advantages but still pressed Chinese to move more quickly to allowthe yuan's value to be set by market forces.

  7. Amerika - za ogranitshenije svobodõ rõnka / Aleksei Toom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toom, Aleksei

    2008-01-01

    Prantsusmaa president Nicolas Sarkozy, Euroopa Komisjoni president Jose Manuel Barroso ja Ameerika Ühendriikide president George W. Bush kohtusid 18. oktoobril Camp Davidis (Ameerika Ühendriigid), kus otsustati, et rahvusvahelisi finantsoperatsioone hakatakse kontrollima

  8. Salaselts saab presidendi koha / koost. Virgo Kruve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Yale'i ülikooli salaseltsi "Skull and Bones" mõjust Ameerika poliitikale, presidentide George Bush seeniori ja George W. Bushi kuulumisest mainitud ühingusse. Telesaate "60 minutit" materjalide põhjal

  9. Multifunctional Flexible Aerogels for Inflatable Habitats Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — In 2005, President George W. Bush issued a Vision for Space Exploration that included a return to the lunar surface by as early as 2015. This mission is expected to...

  10. South Fork of the Santa Clara River, Santa Clarita Valley, California. Supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    Santa Eriodictyon trichocalyx Eucrypta Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia LAMIACEAE Purple Sage Salvia leucophylla PAEONIACEAE Peony Paeonia californica...Bush Lupine Lupinus ex-cubitus HYDROPHYLLACEAE Yerba Santa Eriodictyon trichocaLx Eucrypta Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia LAMIACEAE Purple Sage Salvia

  11. CIA võttis endale süü Bushi sõjavales / Janek Salme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salme, Janek

    2003-01-01

    USA Luure Keskagentuuri direktor George Tenet tunnistas enda ja oma organisatsiooni viga eksliku informatsiooni edastamisel presidendile. President George Bush teavitas avalikkust oma jätkuvast usaldusest CIA juhi vastu. Vt. samas: CIA takistas juba oktoobris tuumatehingu mainimist

  12. USA president näeb Ukrainat ja Gruusiat alliansi liikmetena / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2008-01-01

    USA president George W. Bush toetab Ukraina ja Gruusia püüdlusi saada NATO liikmesuse tegevuskava (MAP), Prantsusmaa ja Saksamaa on neile riikidele MAP-i andmise vastu. Riikidest, kellele on NATO valmis andma liitumiskutse

  13. Kongress vzjat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    USA Kongressi vahevalimistel võidutsevad demokraadid. President George W. Bush teatas pärast vabariiklaste kaotust Kongressi vahevalimistel otsusest ametist vabastada kaitseminister Donald Rumsfeld. USA Iraagi poliitika muutmisest, teiste riikide poliitikute arvamusi

  14. Ameerika poliitikud on leiutanud uue ohu - islamifašismi / Siim Trumm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trumm, Siim

    2006-01-01

    USA kaitseminister Donald Rumsfeld võrdles praegust rahvusvahelist olukorda 1930. aastatega ning õigustas president G. W. Bushi administratsiooni poliitikat Iraagis ja terrorismivastases sõjas. President Bush nimetas Briti terrorirünnaku kavandajaid islami fašistideks

  15. U.S.A. to fast-track visa waiver / Joel Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Joel

    2006-01-01

    Visiidi ajal Eestisse lubas Ameerika Ühendriikide president George W. Bush Eesti presidendile Toomas Hendrik Ilvesele ja peaminister Andrus Ansipile kiirendada viisavaba süsteemi saabumist kahe riigi vahel

  16. Edasi loodusesse! Aga kuhu? / Riina Oruaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oruaas, Riina

    2007-01-01

    Tantsulavastustest: Oksana Titova, Päär Pärenson ja Juhan Ulfsak "Roots", Kaja Kanni sooloetendus "There are Laika dogs living in Estonia", Tiina Mölder, Kaja Kann ja Bush Hartshor "Naine ja Hunt"

  17. Scientists vs. the administration

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Article denouncing the supposed impartiality of signatories of a report released by the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), which accused the Bush administration of systemically suborning objective science to a political agenda (1 page).

  18. Barack Obama : Ameerika väärib paremat / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide presidendivalimiste demokraatide kandidaat Barack Obama kritiseeris parteikongressil president George W. Bushi ja vabariiklaste presidendikandidaati John McCaini. Vt. samas: Bush on meid auku ajanud; Obama ei taha külma sõda

  19. Looking for "The Vision Thing": The Rhetoric of Leadership in the 1992 Presidential Election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendt, Ronald F.; Fairhurst, Gail T.

    1994-01-01

    Examines four interrelated organizational models of charisma and the debate that has accompanied them. Uses the models to analyze the rhetoric of leadership of George Bush, Bill Clinton, and Ross Perot in the 1992 presidential campaign. (SR)

  20. Post-9/11 Discourses Of Threat And Constructions Of Terror In The Age Of Obama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo

    2011-09-01

    In the present paper, we argue that the post-9/11 language of “us versus them” (“Either you are with us, or you are with the terrorists” [Bush 2001], delivered to the American public and international community to garner consent in the wake of the September 11, 2001 events, and transformed into public policy for the remainder of the G.W. Bush presidency, provided a lens through which Americans would continue to construct and perceive the world beyond the Bush administration.  Ideology surrounding “the War on Terror,” in particular, has either been resisted or co-opted and deployed by social agents in the aftermath of September 11, 2001.  We claim that in the age of Obama, Bush-generated discourse and ideology has been activated to continue and advance policies and practices aimed at identifying and containing “terrorist” threats.

  1. Radiation-Hardened Silicon Integrated Low-Loss Nano-Photonic Switches for Array LIDARs Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Manned planetary exploration has become re-invigorated, thanks to President Bush's recent call for a lunar base to be established within two decades and manned...

  2. Final Environmental Impact Statement for Development of Facilities to Support Basing US Pacific Fleet F/A-18E/F Aircraft on the West Coast of the United States, Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-05-01

    milkweed [Asclepias fascicularis), bush seepweed (Suaeda moquinii), foxtail chess {Bromus madritensis rubens), saltgrass (Distichlis spicata), and...building through small spaces and openings, accumulating in enclosed areas, such as basements. The cancer risk caused by inhaling radon is currently a

  3. Presidential Electronic Records Library

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — PERL (Presidential Electronic Records Library) used to ingest and provide internal access to the Presidential electronic Records of the Reagan, Bush, and Clinton...

  4. Autonomous terrain characterization and modelling for dynamic control of unmanned vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talukder, A.; Manduchi, R.; Castano, R.; Owens, K.; Matthies, L.; Castano, A.; Hogg, R.

    2002-01-01

    This end-to-end obstacle negotiation system is envisioned to be useful in optimized path planning and vehicle navigation in terrain conditions cluttered with vegetation, bushes, rocks, etc. Results on natural terrain with various natural materials are presented.

  5. Estados Unidos: do duplo insucesso militar ao terceiro?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virgílio Caixeta Arraes

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca analisar criticamente as pouco promissoras campanhas militares norte-americanas sob o Iraque e o Afeganistão, as dificuldades que elas apresentam para o governo Bush.

  6. 78 FR 14539 - Notice of Receipt of Pesticide Products; Registration Applications To Register New Uses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-06

    ...), Chilean guava, cloudberry, cranberry, currant (black, buffalo, native, and red), elderberry, European... hybrids of these; additional fruiting vegetables, crop group 8-10 including African eggplant, bush tomato, cocona, currant tomato, garden huckleberry, goji berry, martynia, naranjilla, okra, pea eggplant,...

  7. Eesti kinnas Ameerikas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eestit külastanud Salt Lake City kudumisringi juhendaja Nancy Bush on agar eesti soki- ja kindakudumistehnika tutvustaja Ameerikas. Ta on avaldanud selleteemalise raamatu, ajakirjas "Piecework" ilmus artikkel Aino Praaklist, juures tema kinnaste mustreid ja skeeme

  8. Animasari Bushist kolib mobiilist teleekraanile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    USA mobiilioperaator Amp'd Mobile mobiiliga filmitud ja levitatud animasari "Väike Bush : Ühendriikide kodanik" läheb teletootja Comedy Central kaudu ka telelevisse. Selles laadis on see esimene projekt

  9. Evaluation of Future Fuels in a High Pressure Common Rail System. Part 3. John Deere 4.5L Powertech Plus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    BUSHING .............................................................................................. 38 3.9 CAMSHAFT LOBE...39 Figure 31. Camshaft Lobe...The high pressure pump consists of two plunger assemblies oriented in an opposed fashion and a transfer pump all driven from a common camshaft . The

  10. Sõjakurjategija elu / Allan Käro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käro, Allan

    2004-01-01

    Kui Ameerika Ühendriikide president George W. Bush teadis piinamistest Iraagis Abu Ghraibi vanglas ning andis selleks loa, siis võib teda oodata kohtu alla minek, arutleb autor, toetudes Seymour Hearshi raamatule "Chain of Command"

  11. Plaadid / Mait Eelrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eelrand, Mait, 1950-

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest JJ CAle & Eric Clapton "The Road To escondido", Fergie "The Dutchess", Cosmoskva "Juniper", "The Devil Wears Prada", Peaches "Impeach My Bush", Ludacris "Release Therapy", Milburn "Well Well Well"

  12. A kinetic model of hydrate formation to calculate the fraction of venting gas precipitated beneath seafloor: An example of the Bush Hill vent site, GC185, Gulf of Mexico%海底天然气渗漏形成水合物量的线性动力学模型:以墨西哥湾GC185区块Bush高地为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李莉; 陈多福

    2002-01-01

    世界许多地区如墨西哥湾,存在着大量天然气渗漏并形成水合物的现象.出于科学、生态、气候和安全的需要,人类有必要弄清存在于海底以水合物形式存在的天然气的比例.因此,构建了水合物形成量的线性动力学模型,以分析墨西哥湾GC185块区Bush高地海底渗漏天然气的地质过程和行为.Bush高地渗漏的天然气来源于附近的Jolliet气藏,结果表明,渗漏天然气中约有9%在海底形成了水合物.

  13. Improvement of Electrochemical Machining Accuracy by Using Dual Pole Tool

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Electrochemical machining (ECM) is one of the best al ternatives for producing complex shapes in advanced materials used in aircraft a nd aerospace industries. However, the reduction of the stray material removal co ntinues to be major challenges for industries in addressing accuracy improvement . This study presents a method of improving machining accuracy in ECM by using a dual pole tool with a metallic bush outside the insulated coating of a cathode tool. The bush is connected with anode and so the el...

  14. Experimental Political Betting Markets and the 2004 Election.

    OpenAIRE

    Wolfers, Justin; Zitzewitz, Eric

    2004-01-01

    Betting on elections has been of interest to economists and political scientists for some time. We recently persuaded TradeSports to run experimental contingent betting markets, in which one bets on whether President Bush will be re-elected, conditional on other specified events occurring. Early results suggest that market participants strongly believe that Osama bin Laden's capture would have a substantial effect on President Bush's electoral fortunes, and interestingly that the chance of hi...

  15. THE PERFORMANCE OF SOME NORTHERN HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) VARIETIES IN NORTH EASTERN PART OF ANATOLIA

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to find out performance of some northern highbush blueberries in northeastern part of Turkey. Two years old plants of Berkeley, Ivanhoe, Jersey, Northland and Rekord blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) varieties planted in Ikizdere, Rize. Their phonological, morphological and yield properties were determined. Among cultivars ‘Ivanhoe’ had the highest (146.44 cm) and most extremely vigor bushes. ‘Berkeley’ gave shorter plants with short bushes (82.72 cm) but had bigger...

  16. Strategic Implications of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    Follow-on bilateral agreements with the United States brought investment and swift growth in exports. When Carlos Salinas de Gortari was elected...Free Trade Agreement (FTA), 5 President Salinas , joined Canadian Prime Minister Mulroney and U.S. President Bush in formally proposing the North...Mexico had completed negotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement. President Bush, Prime Minister Mulroney, and President Salinas signed the

  17. Trans-Atlantic Relations After the War in Iraq

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flockhart, Trine

    2004-01-01

    The Bush Administration?s foreign policy following the launch of the ?war on terror? has so fundamentally altered the traditional foundations for the transatlantic relationship that its continued existence as a ?security community? may be at risk. Security communities need nurturing through......? since the establishment of the post-war liberal institutional order. The Bush Revolution in foreign policy however, constitutes a redefinition of foreign policy, which may be either seen as a return to or a departure from ?normal politics?....

  18. The U.S. Navy in the World (1991-2000): Context for U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    regulation, privatization & globalization • Mild, brief recession (1990-91) (Bush Administration); then modest economic growth (Clinton...Constant FY 12 $) CNO CAPSTONE DOCUMENT 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Bush Oil Crisis Recession 4-4...from 1996) • 2 MHCs with permanent crews and families (2000) • Omani air bases upgrades & continued access • USN CVBGs used port of Jebel Ali ( Dubai

  19. Effects-Based Operations: Air Power as the Sole Military Instrument of Power, Has it Matured Enough?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    BACKGROUND He who controls the past, controls the future; and he who controls the present, controls the past. — George Orwell In order to enhance the...50. 77 Ibid., p. 51. 78 George W. Bush (address to Congress, Washington, DC, 20 September 2001). Available at: http://www.whitehouse.gov/news...bence.html (accessed 31 MAR 2006). Berg, Paul D. “Effects-Based Airpower and Space Power.” Air and Space Power Journal, Spring 2006: 17. Bush, George

  20. 78 FR 28627 - TA-W-80,340; TA-W-80,340A; TA-W-80,340B

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-15

    ... Employment and Training Administration TA-W-80,340; TA-W-80,340A; TA-W-80,340B] Bush Industries, Inc., Mason... (TA-W-80,340) and Bush Industries, Inc., Allen Street Facility, Jamestown, New York (TA-W- 80,340A... the subject firm's Erie, Pennsylvania facility. The amended notice applicable to TA-W-80,340 is...

  1. EMP径向滑动轴承热弹流分析与仿真%Thermo-elasto-hydrodynamic Analysis and Simulation of EMP Journal Bearing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Elastic metal plastic (EMP) journal bearing is a kind of original bearing. Because of the specialty of the composite materials, elastic and thermal deformations of the EMP bush are much larger than that of common metal bush. In this paper, the three-dimensional mathematical model is established to analyze thermo-elasto-hydrodynamics (TEHD) of EMP. The numerical TEHD analysis software is programmed. An example is given to prove the lubrication performance of EMP.

  2. 流体マウントによるアイドル振動の低減 : 位相偏向効果によるベクトルキャンセルについて

    OpenAIRE

    門松, 晃司; Kadomatsu, Koji

    1992-01-01

    A new concept of hydraulic engine mount is proposed. To improve idle shake, shifting the phase of transmitted force to the car body by the hydraulic engine mount achives the vector cancellation of body vibration. In the case of fwd car with 4-cylinder engine, hydro bush at front end is most effective for vector cancellation. The hydro bush is successfully developed and it’s structure and characteristics are presented.

  3. A Passage To South Asia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    U.S. president's visit to India and Pakistan may realign Washington's strategy for this region U.S. President George W. Bush visited two South Asian countries-India and Pakistan-in early March, his first visits to the countries since he assumed the presidency five years ago. The two countries are extremely important to U.S. global strategy: India is a rising power, Pakistan is at the forefront of the counterterrorism battle. Bush's visit means

  4. Topology Optimization and Performance Calculation for Control Arms of a Suspension

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Control Arm (CA) of a suspension plays an important role in the automotive ride comfort and handling stability. In this paper, the topology optimization model including ball joints and bushing for topology optimization of an aluminium CA is established, where a ball joint is simplified as rigid elements and the elastic properties of a rubber bushing are estimated using Mooney-Rivlin constitutive law. A method for treating with multiple loads in topology optimization of CA is presented. Inerti...

  5. Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor System (JLENS) Land-Based Testing Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    halophytic (plants adapted to living in a saline environment) habitat type with red swampfire, a native annual forb and iodine bush, a native perennial...sedges, iodine bush, red swampfire, Gard- ner saltbush, rabbitbrush, and greasewood. Non-native plants include salt cedar, Russian olive, kochia, and...issues, federal agencies must identify and address disproportionately high and adverse effects of federal projects on the health or environment of

  6. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Kommunist, No. 10, August 1990.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    newspaper as THE WASHINGTON POST, argued that George Bush is meeting with a partner weakened by domestic difficulties and unsolved problems. The basic...However, during those days not once, neither by word nor action, did George Bush indicate that he would react to such appeals. Conversely, his entire...general. Of course, this is more than just an ethnic problem. You cannot take your homeland with you on the soles of your boots, Danton said in his

  7. Advanced Microgrid Concepts and Technologies Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    vegetation contacts o Pole -top transformer bushing failure o Pole -top transformer winding failure o Bus capacitor bushing failure o Capacitor problems...desired location in the live power transmission system. The sensor does not require galvanic contact with the energized conductor, allowing for...R. Steele Technology Research Corporation 5250 140th Ave North Clearwater, FL 33760 Tel: (727) 812-0629 msteele@trci.net Mr. Howard J. Taylor

  8. US physics suffers budget setbacks

    CERN Multimedia

    Gwynne, Peter

    2007-01-01

    "The US has slashed funding for the International Linear Collider (ILC) by 75% as the budget for 2008 has been finally agreed between the Republican Bush Administration and Democratic Cngress. The new budget legislation, which US president George W. Bush is expected to signe by 31 December, will see up to 200 scientists at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilag) lose their jobs." (2 pages)

  9. [The use of ground mollusks in the evaluation of environmental pollution with heavy metals in the city of Ufa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuramshina, N G; Kuramshin, E M; Maĭstrenko, V N

    1997-01-01

    The authors analyzed soil and cochleae of bush snails in Ufa for heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd) content. Zn and Cu content of the soil exceeds the background levels and approaches the MACs. Pb and Cd content corresponds to their usual content of soil. The coefficients of Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd pass from soil to cochleae of bush snails increase in the row Pb < Zn < Cu < Cd and never outnumber 1.

  10. Educational outreach and impacts of white-tailed deer browse on native and invasive plants at the Crooked Creek Environmental Learning Center, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, Lisa O.

    Overabundance of deer can assist the intrusion of invasive plants through browse, leading to homogenization of plant communities. Public attitudes towards native and invasive plant species and white-tailed deer browse related to personal experiences, can be changed through education focusing public awareness of ramifications of deer browse on native and invasive plants. I developed an interactive, interpretive Self-Guided Walking Tour brochure of the "You Can Trail" to provide an educational outreach program for visitors of Crooked Creek Environmental Learning Center that includes ecologically important native and invasive plants species from my investigation. This research study focuses on the overall abundance of native and invasive plant species once Odocoileus virginianus have been removed from the landscape during collection periods in June and September 2013 from exclosure and access plots that were maintained for seven years. Similarity of abundance were found in native and invasive abundance of forbs, bushes and percentage of ground cover. Differences included native bush volume being greater than invasive bush volume in the access plot in June with opposing results in the exclosure plot, being greater in invasive bush volume. However, in September, native and invasive bush volume was similar within the exclosure plot, while invasive bush volume decreased in the access plot. Invasive vines recorded in the June access plot were absent in the September collection period.

  11. Looking at U.S. Political Changes from the Election

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue; Xiaoyong

    2004-01-01

    Bush won the election in the 2004 President election in America, leaving many topics for discussion for scholars. Here I want to raise two questions: first, why Bush was re-elected? Second, what does Bush's being re-elected mean to U.S. politics? With regard to the first question, many analyses have been done that can be concluded as the following four reasons: (1) U.S. political history and election history show that wartime president is very likely to be re-elected. (2) America was in the anti-terrorist war. The majority of U.S. citizens feel safe due to Bush-led terrorist war. (3) U.S. political trend of thought is conservative in general and this trend continues to be so. Plus many religious right-wingers especially the influence of the development of the Gospel religious sect and its grass-root work is conducive to Bush's being re-elected. (4) Large capital and enterprise groups support Bush.……

  12. Looking at U.S.Political Changes from the Election

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue Xiaoyong

    2004-01-01

    @@ Bush won the election in the 2004 President election in America, leaving many topics for discussion for scholars. Here I want to raise two questions: first, why Bush was re-elected? Second, what does Bush's being re-elected mean to U.S. politics? With regard to the first question, many analyses have been done that can be concluded as the following four reasons: (1) U.S. political history and election history show that wartime president is very likely to be re-elected. (2) America was in the anti-terrorist war. The majority of U.S. citizens feel safe due to Bush-led terrorist war. (3) U.S. political trend of thought is conservative in general and this trend continues to be so. Plus many religious right-wingers especially the influence of the development of the Gospel religious sect and its grass-root work is conducive to Bush's being re-elected. (4) Large capital and enterprise groups support Bush.

  13. ANALYSIS OF SUSPENSION ELEMENT OF CAR BODY ON THE EXAMPLE SILENTBLOCK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Ziobro

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a still important aspect of the construction and operation of the vehicle. The most loaded part of the suspension of a vehicle has been discussed, for example, rubber-metal bushing (silentblock. This component directly affects the safety and comfort of drive. It also presents the main varieties of construction and signs of usage of those elements. It has comprised of properties of the rubber and polyurethane bushings. Mechanical calculation of silentblock model has also been presented. 3D numerical analysis was carried out on the basis of the model by using two types of rubber bushings with different hardness. The results of simulations carried out in the system MSC.MARC has been shown. On these basis, there were selected and given numerous conclusions for utilitarian character.

  14. Politique sociale et religion aux Etats-Unis : du « conservatisme compatissant » à l’ouragan Katrina Social Policy and Religion in the United States: From Compassionate Conservatism to Hurricane Katrina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taoufik Djebali

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Breaking with the traditional conservatism championed by Ronald Reagan, George W. Bush wanted his social policy to move away from monetary considerations to embrace a religious and spiritual method in healing social ills. The Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, located in the White House, was inaugurated a few days after Bush was sworn in. However, the Office was immediately plagued by internal strife, lack of funding and absence of political commitment. Hurricane Katrina (2005 dealt a serious political blow to the Republican President. But paradoxically, it reinforced the ideological hegemony of faith-based organizations. Indeed, following the relief efforts, faith-based organizations, rather than government, were hailed as effective instruments in the fight against poverty, distress, and deviance. This article will argue that contrary to this perception, faith-based organizations have a limited effect on poverty and that the Bush administration exploited them for political purposes.

  15. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON HIGH-SPEED CHARACTERISTICS OF AUTOMOTIVE ENGINE OIL-PUMP CHAIN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Yabing; MENG Fanzhong; XU Hanxue; WU Jianming

    2007-01-01

    The high-speed multi-cycle impact and speed, load fluctuant characteristics of a kind of narrow-width automotive engine oil-pump chain 06BN-1 are studied through engine assembly and road-drive tests to satisfy the light-weight demand of engine. The worn surface morphologies of rubbing area between pin, bush and roller are also analyzed based on scanning electron microscope. The results show that the main wear mechanism of automotive engine oil-pump chain is fatigue wear, and it's failure mechanism is the forming, extending and flaking of cracks on top layer of pin and bush. Pin and bush both occurred cycle-soften phenomenon, and roller occurred cycle-harden. Fretting wear is one of the most important "fall to pieces" failure causes of automotive chain. Ensuring sufficient strength and plasticity of roller, as well as adopting suitable shaping technology are the effective methods to increase its resistance to multi-cycle impact.

  16. Molecular mechanisms and clinical applications of nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) and its derivatives: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lü, Jian-Ming; Nurko, Jacobo; Weakley, Sarah M; Jiang, Jun; Kougias, Panagiotis; Lin, Peter H; Yao, Qizhi; Chen, Changyi

    2010-05-01

    Creosote bush, Larrea tridentata, is known as chaparral or greasewood in the United States and as gobernadora or hediondilla in Mexico. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), the main metabolite of the creosote bush, has been shown to have promising applications in the treatment of multiple diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders and cancers. Creosote bush is a promising agent of North American herbal medicine, and it has extensive pharmacological effects and specific mechanisms of actions. This review provides an update of recent in vitro and in vivo research about NDGA and describes experimental studies using NDGA as antioxidant. Also, potential medical uses based on the effects of NDGA on the cardiovascular, immune and neurological systems; cancer; tissue engineering; as well as pharmacokinetics and toxicity are discussed.

  17. Senate panel boosts DOE spending, save Yucca account

    CERN Multimedia

    Behrens, L

    2002-01-01

    The Senate Appropriations Committee last week approved an energy and water spending bill with $21 billion for the Energy Department, $426 million more than the Bush administration requested, and $1.1 billion more than the agency received in the financial year 2000. The bill would provide increases above the Bush request and current spending across-the-board in DOE's renewable energy, nuclear energy, science, weapons complex cleanup, defense and nonproliferation programs. The only major program that would be funded below the president's request is nuclear waste disposal (1 page).

  18. Presidential PR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Made In China: American Dreams As our series continues with this, the second of five articles beginning in Beijing Review's No. 38 issue, Martin Alintuck has the faint prospect-in his mind only-of taking over George W. Bush's job. Although Alintuck's communication skills are certainly better as the frontman for public relations company Edelman in Beijing, his "strategery" is a little odd. First, he's not a Bush. Second, he's not a politician. Third, he's in China. In fact, these realities only buttress A...

  19. Images of Inherited War: Three American Presidents in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    Bush exclaimed, “By God, we’ve kicked the Vietnam Syndrome once and for all.”1 The same President Bush told the New York Times in 1992 that he...North. See Sheehan , The Pentagon Papers, 80-81, 231-233. President Johnson originally limited Marine and Army actions to within fifty miles of...1963," ed. BACM Research, 194. 12 Neil. Sheehan , Hedrick Smith, & Fox Butterfield, The Pentagon Papers, ed. The New York Times, Unabridged ed., The

  20. Enzymatic production of polysaccharides from gum tragacanth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    Plant polysaccharides, relating to the field of natural probiotic components, can comprise structures similar to human milk oligosaccharides. A method for enzymatic hydrolysis of gum tragacanth from the bush-like legumes of the genus Astragalus, using a combination of pectin hydrolases and a xylo......Plant polysaccharides, relating to the field of natural probiotic components, can comprise structures similar to human milk oligosaccharides. A method for enzymatic hydrolysis of gum tragacanth from the bush-like legumes of the genus Astragalus, using a combination of pectin hydrolases...... and a xylogalacturonan hydrolase, is described. Fractions with different oligo- and/or polysaccharide compositions and structure are separated according to molecular weight....

  1. Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    April 24, 2001; Steven Mufson and Dana Milbank, “Taiwan to Get Variety of Arms,” Washington Post, April 24, 2001; Neil King Jr., “Bush Defers Sale of...George W. Bush, “Your World with Neil Cavuto,” Fox News, June 8, 2005. 146 A DSCA official, Ed Ross, read the speech on September 19, 2005, in San Diego...Representatives Rob Simmons, Lane Evans, Roskoe Bartlett , Chris Smith, John Hostettler, Madeleine Bordallo, Trent Franks, and Jeb Bradley, January 31 and

  2. Somalia ... From the Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-01

    150. 5. Joseph P. Hoar, “A CINC’s Perspective,” Joint Force Quarterly (Autumn 1993), p. 56; Don Oberdorfer, “ Anatomy of a Decision: How Bush Made Up...Ohls, 2 June 2008. 89. Newbold to Ohls, 2 June 2008. 90. Peterson to Ohls, 6 June 2008. 91. 1st Lieutenant Jack Lummus is one of the six- teen ships of...York Times, 17 June 1993. Oberdorfer, Don. “ Anatomy of a Decision: How Bush Made Up His Mind to Send Troops to Somalia.” International Herald Tribune, 7

  3. FEM SIMULATION OF THE TUBE ROLLING PROCESS IN DIESCHER’S MILL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Pater

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the issue of numerical modelling of the piercing process of a thick–walled bush in a two-rolled skew rolling mill, equipped with guiding devices of Diescher’s type. After a short characteristic of the subject matter, the developed geometric model of the process was discussed, with taking kinematics of tools movement and thermal phenomena present in metal during forming into consideration. Next, the results of calculations were presented in a form of fields of strain, damage criterion and temperature. Distributions of force parameters acting on particular tools during the process of bush rolling were also given.

  4. Økonomernes legeplads

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blok, Anders

    2007-01-01

    Bjørn Lomborg, debattør og provokatør, Bush-regeringens yndlings-dansker og miljøforkæmpernes prygelknabe nummer ét, inviterer til prioritering af verdens store problemer under overskriften: Kom og vær Bill Gates for en dag. Udgivelsesdato: 12. marts......Bjørn Lomborg, debattør og provokatør, Bush-regeringens yndlings-dansker og miljøforkæmpernes prygelknabe nummer ét, inviterer til prioritering af verdens store problemer under overskriften: Kom og vær Bill Gates for en dag. Udgivelsesdato: 12. marts...

  5. Apparatus for fixation of grinder shells upon a vibration-grinding casing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pogosov, Yu.A.; Pugachev, V.S.

    1981-01-01

    A device is proposed for the fixation of grinder shells upon a vibration grinding table. This apparatus utilizes a table-mounting consisting of a shaft with a threaded head for a nut and lock-washer which is located in a mobile position below the locknut. Servicability is improved by utilizing radial-cantilevered protrusions in the mounting to facilitate end contact and fixation to the casing. The bushings and shaft are connected by pairs of threaded nuts while the bushings are spring-loaded relative to the table.

  6. Glassmaking Units and Glass Feeders Production——a New Production Development Stage at JSC "Krastsvetmet"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MALTSEV E. V.; MAMONOV S. N.; DMITRIEV V. A.; KHORIKOV P. A.

    2012-01-01

    JSC "Krastsvetmet" has launched the production of glass melting units (GU) and glass feeders (GF),with the number of bushings being from 200 to 4000,made from platinum-rhodium alloys doped with oxide-forming and reinforcing elements.The proprietary technology for dispersion-stabilized material of PtRh10DS composition having high strength and performance properties has been developed and applied.Combined products production was launched where bushings made of PtRh-20 alloy are welded to the plate of the dispersion-stabilized PtRh10DS material.The manufacture of seamless spinning assemblies has been organized.

  7. Development, Integration, and Testing of a Nano-Satellite Coupling Mechanism Using Shape Memory Alloy for an Interference Joint

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    R, measured in Ohms) Density (g/cm3) Density (lb/in3) Tensile Yield Strength (Mpa) Tensile Yield Strength (x 106 psi) Melting Point (Deg...separation testing (not fresh unused NiTi ring samples) were measured and then matched to the six AL 7075 -T6 bushings selected to have an interference...on the bottom of the AL 7075 -T6 bushing and on top of the PC washer (Figure 45). Measurements were taken using the OMEGA HH147U data logger

  8. Proceedings of International Pyrotechnics Seminar (4th), Held at Steamboat Village, Colorado, 22-26 July 1974

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-06-17

    producing smoke, scmeti-nes purple- colorad which generally preceded ignition in t-ests where ignition resulced. 17-22 Table X INTERMEDIATE-SCALE (100-GM...would minimize the risk of starting grass or bush fires. Furthermore it was mandatory that the mix remain pour-castable for at least one hour after...for search and rescue markers that will be used over a variety of terrain 4 (i.e. dry bush, prairie grass end tundra). Temperatures as low as 325C (625

  9. GenBank blastx search result: AK060887 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK060887 001-035-B06 DQ087286.1 Saccharopolyspora pogona BusF (busF), BusG (busG), BusH (busH), BusI (bus...I), BusJ (busJ), BusK (busK), BusL (busL), BusM (busM), BusN (busN), BusO (busO), BusP (busP), BusQ (bus...Q), BusR (busR), and BusS (busS) genes, complete cds.|BCT BCT 8e-12 +1 ...

  10. GenBank blastx search result: AK104045 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK104045 001-022-F06 DQ087286.1 Saccharopolyspora pogona BusF (busF), BusG (busG), BusH (busH), BusI (bus...I), BusJ (busJ), BusK (busK), BusL (busL), BusM (busM), BusN (busN), BusO (busO), BusP (busP), BusQ (bus...Q), BusR (busR), and BusS (busS) genes, complete cds.|BCT BCT 9e-25 +3 ...

  11. GenBank blastx search result: AK061746 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK061746 001-038-F12 DQ087286.1 Saccharopolyspora pogona BusF (busF), BusG (busG), BusH (busH), BusI (bus...I), BusJ (busJ), BusK (busK), BusL (busL), BusM (busM), BusN (busN), BusO (busO), BusP (busP), BusQ (bus...Q), BusR (busR), and BusS (busS) genes, complete cds.|BCT BCT 5e-11 +3 ...

  12. Five Observations of the Trend of the U.S. Military Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Meng; Xiangqing

    2004-01-01

    Since the topics of security and counter-terrorism had dominated the recent U.S. presidential campaign and drawn the public attention, 2004 U.S. presidential election was also a kind of referendum on the new security strategy and military strategy practiced by the Bush administration. Bush's reelection indicates that the U.S. military strategy will be consistent rather than changeable, with the features of "general consistency with partial adjustments; clear objectives with flexible tactics; unilateralist orientation with multilateral approaches; predetermined evolution with increased restraints." In detail the trends are as follows:……

  13. U.S.Conservatist Trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jianfei

    2004-01-01

    @@ The main cause of Bush's success in the election and being re-elected President is that the Republicans and its conservatist ideology prevails in America. U.S. presidential election is contention between the candidates in personal capacity, morality, experience, wealth and family as well as contention between the two parties. In 2004 election, Bush is not advantageous to Kerry in personal factors, but in the party itself. The Republicans have obvious advantages to the Democratic Party. The major source of the advantages come from conservatist ideology.

  14. Five Observations of the Trend of the U.S.Military Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Meng Xiangqing

    2004-01-01

    @@ Since the topics of security and counter-terrorism had dominated the recent U.S. presidential campaign and drawn the public attention, 2004 U.S. presidential election was also a kind of referendum on the new security strategy and military strategy practiced by the Bush administration. Bush's reelection indicates that the U.S. military strategy will be consistent rather than changeable, with the features of "general consistency with partial adjustments; clear objectives with flexible tactics; unilateralist orientation with multilateral approaches; predetermined evolution with increased restraints." In detail the trends are as follows:

  15. Modeling of Wind Turbine Gearbox Mounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten K. Ebbesen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper three bushing models are evaluated to find a best practice in modeling the mounting of wind turbine gearboxes. Parameter identification on measurements has been used to determine the bushing parameters for dynamic simulation of a gearbox including main shaft. The stiffness of the main components of the gearbox has been calculated. The torsional stiffness of the main shaft, gearbox and the mounting of the gearbox are of same order of magnitude, and eigenfrequency analysis clearly reveals that the stiffness of the gearbox mounting is of importance when modeling full wind turbine drivetrains.

  16. El conflicto Cuba - Estados Unidos de América: Notas para una reflexión en el contexto de la lucha contra el terrorismo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraya Castro.

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available The author analyzes the hardening of United States policy towards Cuba during the government of George W. Bush, as well as the evolution of bilateral relations within the con-text of the global war against terrorism. Within this discussion, the text highlights the contrast between the executive's hard-line policy and the progressive opening in the position of both Democrats and Republicans within the U.S. Congress, and the Bush ad-ministration's insistence upon classifying Cuba as a terrorist country, in disregard of Fidel Castro's systematic efforts to demonstrate the island's willingness to cooperate in counterterrorist efforts.

  17. Obama's pledge to international law: a Look at the first sixteen months in office

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Rojas

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper will seek to provide a general overview of the Obama administration’s impact on international law after the first 15 months in office. Overall there has been a clear change of direction from the Bush administration’s approach to international law, but there are some areas of controversy such as detainment of prisoners and the use of military drones in Pakistan, in which the Obama administration has been criticized for pushing the boundaries of international law. A comparison will also be made between the newly released National Security Strategy the ones released under the Bush administration.

  18. THE TRADE TIES HAT BIND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MATT; YOUNG

    2006-01-01

    Chinese President Hu Jintao made his first state visit to the United States April 19-21. The president kicked off his tour in Seattle, where he had intense contact with the American business community as represented by Boeing and Microsoft. Hu then landed in Washington D.C. for a summit meeting with President George W. Bush, followed by a visit to Yale University. During the meeting with Bush, Hu conveyed the idea that China and the United States are "not only stakeholders, but also constructive partners...

  19. Screening of Phenolic Compounds Reveals Inhibitory Activity of Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid Against Three Enzymes Involved in the Regulation of Blood Glucose Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roškar, Irena; Štrukelj, Borut; Lunder, Mojca

    2016-03-01

    In this work we have focused on the inhibition of three different enzymes with a role in postprandial glucose management: α-amylase, α-glucosidase and dipeptidyl peptidase 4. The assortment of 29 monomeric phenolic compounds was first screened at a single concentration. Next, the IC50 values of tested compounds were evaluated for compounds that considerably inhibited any of the enzymes. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid, a phenolic compound abundant in Creosote bush Larrea tridentata, possessed inhibitory activity for all tested enzymes. This in vitro mechanism of action supports traditional use of Creosote bush in diabetes treatment.

  20. ''Glamazons' of Pop

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langkjær, Michael Alexander

    2013-01-01

    star and that of the male, what does it consist in? In this brief review of pop 'glamazons,' I deal mainly with Kate Bush and Madonna. Both pushed boundaries in mainstream popular music by their lyrics and imagery. Art pop star Kate Bush has performed as a gun-slinging space cowgirl on the 'Tour......-war fashion statement (2003), while returning to military style on her 'Re-Invention tour' (2004). Paradoxes in the military-styled performances of both women are touched on; especially intriguing is that of a red, white and blue bikini-clad, caped and combat-booted Madonna, in her 'Rock the Vote' TV...

  1. Rumsfeld püsib kaitseministrina Bushi toel / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    USA president George W. Bush, Pentagon ja sõjajõudude ühendatud peastaabi endine ülem Richard Myers asusid kaitsma erukindralite kriitika alla sattunud kaitseminister Donald Rumsfeldi. Vt. samas: Diplomaat: sõjaväelaste sihikul on ka president

  2. Fertilizer Nitrogen Uptake Efficiency of Established Hybrid Hazelnuts in the Upper Midwest of the USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hybrids of Corylus avellana, C. americana and C. cornuta, are a potential crop for the Upper Midwest of the United States. We hypothesized that N application when the bushes were most fully leafed out would result in highest N uptake efficiency (NUE). We used 15N-labeled ammonium nitrate to measure ...

  3. A Crisis of Legitimacy: Shakespeare's "Richard II" and the Problems of Modern Executive Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciliotta-Rubery, Andrea

    2008-01-01

    "A Crisis of Legitimacy" is a unique comparative examination of the question of legitimate rule, as observed through Shakespeare's "Richard II" and the contemporary presidencies of Bill Clinton and George W. Bush. Largely pedagogical, this article is the result of an active learning exercise, whereby students in a "Politics and Literature" course…

  4. Composite Material Hazard Assessment at Crash Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    wing tip areas and around cockpit, and the A-7D landing gear bushings Lithium thionyl chloride Soft, silvery highly reactive metallic...per the NIOSH Method 7400 fiber counting method. Pre-weighed 37-mm polyvinyl chloride (PVC) filters captured total particulate concentrations...computer batteries Pressurized tanks and aircraft parts Compressed liquids and gases (oxygen); tires Physical and chemical hazards from

  5. Department of Defense Fuel Spending, Supply, Acquisition, and Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-20

    Figure 5). The range of crude oils assays are summarized in Table 5. In the past, when U.S. crude oil production was higher than today, refineries...declining worldwide crude oil production . In 2006, due to increasing fuel costs, the Bush Administration’s war on terrorism, and military operations in

  6. Necessity for Consistent and Understandable Engagement Policies with Non-State Actors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-01

    the United States. "The United States and Nicaragua. " 84 Noam Chomsky , Failed States. New York, NY: Owl Books, 2007,139. 85 LeoGrande. The Reference...89 Chomsky . Failed States, 36. 90 Bush. The National Security Strategy ofthe United States ofAmerica. Forward 2. 38 MMS Bibliography Chomsky , Noam

  7. Stochastic collusion and the power law of learning - A general reinforcement learning model of cooperation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Flache, A; Macy, MW

    2002-01-01

    Concerns about models of cultural adaptation as analogs of genetic selection have led cognitive game theorists to explore learning-theoretic specifications. Two prominent examples, the Bush-Mosteller stochastic learning model and the Roth-Erev payoff-matching model, are aligned and integrated as spe

  8. Recommended Species for Vegetative Stabilization of Training Lands in Arid and Semi-Arid Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-09-01

    semibacata Awnless bush sunflower Helianthus sp. Bahia grass Paspalum notatum Barley Hordeum vulgare Basin wildrye Elymus cinereus Bearded wheatgrass...Boer lovegrass Eragrostis curvuLa *Brittlebush Encelia farinosa *Brome grasses Bromus spp. Buckwheat s Eriogonum spp. Buffalograss Buchloe dactyloides...mexicana *Millets Panicum spp. Mountain brome Bromus montanum Mountain mahogany Gercocarpus montanus *Mountain penstenion Penstemon montanus *Muhly grasses

  9. A Long and Arduous Mission

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This year marks the 10th anniversary of the September 11 terrorist attacks. Exactly 10 years ago, terrorists attacked the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon in Washington, D.C., leading to the Bush administration’s War on Terror, and a global expansion in antiterrorism efforts.

  10. A Long andArduous Mission

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU JIANXIONG

    2011-01-01

    This year marks the 10th anniversary of the September 11 terrorist attacks.Exactly 10 years ago,terrorists attacked the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon in Washington,D.C.,leading to the Bush administration's War on Terror,and a global expansion in antiterrorism eftorts.

  11. American Public Support for US Military Operations from Mogadishu to Baghdad

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    release, June 23, 2003. ", "Bush Faces Rising Public Doubts on Credibility and Casualties Alike," news release, July 11, 2003. Ajzen , Icek , and Martin...to be amply supported by psychological research on persuasion. See, for example, Petty and Cacioppo (1981, 1986). Ajzen and Fishbein (1980, pp. 219

  12. Policy Windows, Public Opinion, and Policy Ideas: The Evolution of No Child Left Behind

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaiani, Vasil; Whitford, Andrew B.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the policy process that led to the passage of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act in the United States and the Bush Administration's role in this process. Design/methodology/approach: The research design is historical and archival. A description of the NCLB Act is given and the major provisions and…

  13. Face Detection and Modeling for Recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    facial components show the important role of hair and face outlines in human face recognition. . . 8 1.6 Caricatures of (a) Vincent Van Gogh ; (b) Jim... Vincent Van Gogh ; (b) Jim Carrey; (c) Arnold Schwarzenegger; (d) Einstein; (e) G. W. Bush; and (f) Bill Gates. Images are down- loaded from [9], [10

  14. Usmirenije Severnoi Korei / Joseph S. Nye ; tõlk. Nikolai Zhdanovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nye, Joseph S.

    2006-01-01

    USA president George Bush lootis, et tal õnnestub Põhja-Korea tuumaprobleemi lahendada režiimi vahetamisega. Arvestati, et isolatsioon ja sanktsioonid viivad Kim Jong Il'i diktatuuri kukutamiseni. Kuna režiim osutus vastupidavaks, nõustuti kuuepoolsete läbirääkimistega Hiina, Venemaa, Jaapani ja mõlema Koreaga

  15. USSR Report, Life Sciences, Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    contribution. After all, from one plant cell one can obtain a mature plant—a fruit tree , berry bushes, potatoes, and many vegetables. Such production is...ground, cotton growing, intensive industrial horticulture, citrus growing, viticulture, tea growing, and so forth. The Kiev Institute of Labor Hygiene...an allergical nature: allergic rhinopathy, conjunctivitis, dermatitis, eczema , bronchial asthma, and chronic asthmatic bronchitis, which are

  16. A Significant Tradeoff

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A peace accord on the Korean Peninsula should not be signed until North Korea abandons its nuclear weapons The Bush administration is exploring how to implement a peace accord to officially end the Korean War (1950-53),according to a recent report on The

  17. Some U.S. Budget Gains Likely for Science, but Little Increase for Student Aid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLoughry, Thomas J.

    1992-01-01

    The expected fiscal 1993 federal budget requested by the Bush administration is likely to involve meager increases for student aid and biomedical research, increases for Head Start, and major increases for the National Science Foundation and the Superconducting Supercollider. Critics suggest cuts in defense spending be used to provide increased…

  18. No Child Left Behind: Implications for College Student Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trolian, Teniell L.; Fouts, Kristin S.

    2011-01-01

    In 2002, former US President George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) into law, leading to a significant change in the way elementary and secondary teachers design curricula and instruct their students, as well as the ways in which students learn and view learning in and outside of the classroom. Most domestic students entering…

  19. Communication in context. New directions in cancer communication research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bensing, J.; Dulmen, A.M. van; Tates, K.

    2007-01-01

    Communication research is sometimes described as analyzing the black box of the doctor's healing power (Bensing, 2000; White, 1988), but, every now and then you get a flash which shows communication researchers analyzing this black box as if it was found in the bush after a plane crash: as an object

  20. Cultural Resources Inventory of Lands Adjacent to Big Sandy Lake. Volume 1,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-18

    Bush honeysuckle JuneberryI Downy arrowwood q erbs: Wild sarsaparilla Pennsylvania sedge Columbine Early meadow-rue Large-leaved aster Star-flowered...valley Canada anemone Snakeroot Wild sarsaparilla " Northern bedstraw Br.-leaved goldenrod False Solomon’s seal Carrion flower Small-flowered Large

  1. Eating Iguana: A Qualitative Analysis of Faculty Expectations and Assessments of a Mexican Sojourn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuss-Reineck, Marilyn

    As part of a thrust to increase multiculturalism in the curriculum, Concordia-St. Paul faculty applied for summer sojourn grants, provided by the Bush Foundation. The rationale for the sojourn was that "change in faculty will affect change in the curriculum and in students" (Wentzel 1990). Sixteen faculty members who participated in a Mexican…

  2. Plutonium 238/239 Decorporation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    Ionizing Radiation, 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Saunders. Maydew RC, Bush J. 1997. America’s Lost H-Bomb: Palomares, Spain, 1966. Sunflower University Press...3 ∗ The movement of plutonium particulates within the respiratory tract is depicted in Figure 6 and can be represented by the following

  3. The Prehistory of the Proposed Clayton Lake Area, Southeast Oklahoma. Phase I Investigations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    Wild lettuce) Lepidium virginianwn ( Pepper grass) Lindera benzoin (Spice bush) Liquidambar styraoiflua (Sweetgum) Inner bark Shoots, leaves...established tree ring calibration curves has not significantly helped in reducing these discrepancies (Ralph, Michael, and Han 1973; Damon, Ferguson ...below in a summary form. Corrected dates, obtained by following Ralph, Michael, and Han (1973) and Damon, Ferguson , Long, and Wallick (1974) are also

  4. Decapitation: A Case for a Better Guillotine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-23

    to success. 30 Robert S. Litwak, “Regime Change or Change in a Regime,” in Proliferation of WMD in the Middle East, editor James A. Russell (New...Bush, The National Security Strategy of the United States of America (Washington D.C.: The White House, March 2006). 35 John King, David Ensor , Jamie

  5. Republican Campaign Rhetoric: Reflections of a Meaner, Tougher America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Colleen E.; Troester, Rod

    This essay examines some Republican communication behaviors which account in part for accusations that the use of negative strategies was unprecedented during the 1988 presidential campaign. It also explores some of the effects of those strategies on political communication behavior during the first year of the Bush Administration. It is suggested…

  6. Sådan lyver man om krige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holtermann, Jakob v. H.

    2013-01-01

    Anders Fogh Rasmussen lykkedes med det, som amerikanske George W. Bush og britiske Tony Blair ikke kunne: at slippe politisk uskadt ud af Irak, skriver filosof. Tre simple trin gjorde det muligt for Fogh at lyve sig uskadt ud af Irakkrigen....

  7. First record of Saga pedo (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae in Suceava County with notes on its distribution in Eastern Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilian Pricop

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The predatory bush-cricket Saga pedo Pallas, 1771 is mentioned for the first time from“Fâneţele Seculare Ponoare” Bosanci Natural Reserve, located few kilometers south of Suceava city,Suceava county (Romania. The general distribution of this species in eastern Romania is also discussedin this paper.

  8. Gall mite inspection on dormant black currant buds using machine vision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, M. R.; Stigaard Laursen, Morten; Jonassen, M. S.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a novel machine vision-based approach detecting and mapping gall mite infection in dormant buds on black currant bushes. A vehicle was fitted with four cameras and RTK-GPS. Results compared automatic detection to human decisions based on the images, and by mapping the results ...

  9. Crisis of the Educated Subject: Insight from Kristeva for American Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Lynda

    2004-01-01

    The contemporary crisis in American Education that has resulted in Bush sponsored federal legislation for accountability and standardized testing is the setting for an essay introducing the work of French philosopher, Julia Kristeva. The comparison is between an "educated subject" that might well come to be constituted in schooling at present and…

  10. A case of catatonia status-post left middle cerebral artery cerebrovascular accident, treated successfully with olanzapine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiegel, David R; Klaiber, Nicholas

    2013-01-01

    Catatonia is a psychomotor phenomenon associated with psychiatric/medical conditions. We present a patient who developed catatonia status-post left middle cerebral artery infarct. With a Bush Francis Catatonia Rating Scale score of 43 on admission, treatment with olanzapine reduced this score to 2, by discharge.

  11. Tony Blair : hinnatud ja vihatud / Tõnis Arnover

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arnover, Tõnis, 1952-

    2007-01-01

    Lahkuva Suurbritannia peaministri Tony Blairi karjäärist poliitikas. Vt. samas: CV; Blairi uus väljakutse Lähis-Idas. Kommenteerivad USA president George W. Bush, Euroopa Komisjoni esimees Jose Manuel Barroso, Soome president Tarja Halonen ja Iirimaa peaminister Bertie Ahern

  12. Arafatile järglase valimisel võidutses ülekaalukalt Abbas / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2005-01-01

    Palestiina presidendiks valiti Mahmoud Abbas, kes kogus 62,3% häältest. Iisraeli Tööpartei juht Shimon Peres avaldas rõõmu Abbasi valimise üle, USA president George W. Bush lubas Abbasile abi rahupingutustes. Lisa: Iisraelis alustas tööd uus valitsus

  13. Providing System Compliance Training to Accountants of a Global Pharmaceutical Company: The Switzerland Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leschinsky, Maribeth; Messemer, Jonathan E.

    2010-01-01

    On July 30, 2002, President George W. Bush signed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 into law. The legislation was crafted by the United States Congress to address issues related to accounting improprieties which came to light during the Enron scandal. The specific purpose of the legislation was "To protect investors by improving the accuracy and…

  14. Air and Space Power Journal. Volume 25, Number 3, Fall 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    site, it garners no special attention be- cause the locals have become accustomed to bush pilots delivering hunters, scientists, medicine , and other...Baghdad by Steven K. O’Hern. Prometheus Books (http://www.prometheusbooks.com), 59 John Glenn Drive, Amherst, New York 14228-2197, 2008, 292 pages

  15. Air and Space Power Joumal. Volume 25, Number 3, Fall 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    the locals have become accustomed to bush pilots delivering hunters, scientists, medicine , and other services to remote ar- eas. In a matter of...Air Force Academy, Colorado The Intelligence Wars: Lessons from Baghdad by Steven K. O’Hern. Prometheus Books (http://www.prometheusbooks.com), 59

  16. The Psychology of Violent Conflict in Failing States: A Review of the Scientific Literature (Psychologie des Conflits Violents au sein d’etats en Deroute: Analyse de Publications Scientifiques)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    Drazen, J. M., Bush, G. W., & Gore, A. (2000). The Republican and Democratic candidates speak on health care. New England Journal of Medicine , 343...American Psychologist, 56, 319–331. Smith, A. (1759/2000). The theory of moral sentiments. New York, NY: Prometheus Books. Smith, C. A., & Ellsworth

  17. DOE unveils 20-year priority list for developing 28 research facilities

    CERN Multimedia

    Dawson, J

    2004-01-01

    "With a level of fanfare that signaled a significant commitment by the Bush administration to basic science research, Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham used a packed National Press Club luncheon on 10 November to unveil the Department of Energy's priority list for developing 28 major science facilities over the next two decades" (1 page)

  18. Tree invasion in a semi-arid savanna in Zimbabwe : seedling recruitment of Acacia karroo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chirara, C. (Chipangura)

    2002-01-01

    In this thesis Chirara reports on his study on the competitive interaction between savanna grasses and young tree seedlings of Acacia karroo, from hereon indicated as ' Acacia seedlings' . Acacia is one of the tree species that dominates savanna grassland in situations of overgrazing (bush encroachm

  19. School Discipline Inequities Become a Federal Priority

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zehr, Mary Ann

    2010-01-01

    Federal officials are getting the word out that addressing racial disparities in school discipline is a high priority, and they plan to use "disparate-impact analysis" in enforcing school discipline cases--a legal course of action that some civil rights lawyers contend was neglected under the administration of President George W. Bush. In…

  20. Environ: E00109 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available E00109 Tribulus fruit (JP16) Crude drug Terrestriamide [CPD:C17839], Kaempferol [CP...sential oil, Saponin, Kampferol, Tannin, Fatty oil Tribulus terrestris [TAX:210369] Same as: D06738 Zygophyl...laceae (creosote-bush family) Tribulus fruit Major component: Kaempferol [CPD:C05903] ...