Sample records for burnett niina vuorela

  1. An investigation of the oxidized Ni/InAs interface

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Venter, A.; Botha, J.R.; Swart, H.C.; Naidoo, S.; Olivier, E.J.


    Ni was resistively deposited onto bulk InAs and subsequently oxidized in an O 2 atmosphere. The anneal temperature and time were 450 deg. C and 2.5 h, respectively. X-ray diffraction of the oxidized Ni/InAs sample revealed the formation of In 3 Ni 2 and In 2 O 3 on the front suggesting inter diffusion of In, Ni and O. NiO was not detected by X-ray diffraction. In a preliminary study, using glass as a substrate, NiO readily formed when using these oxidation parameters. Conductivity measurements of the oxidized Ni/InAs surface revealed a conducting front and insulating rear surface while TEM of the Ni/InAs interface revealed an intermediate amorphous diffusion zone between the 'oxidized' Ni layer and the bulk InAs. A closer investigation of the intermediate layer supports the X-ray diffraction results, suggesting compound formation due to diffusion of oxygen and nickel into the substrate, and out-diffusion of In and As from the bulk of the sample. AES was used to further elucidate these results.

  2. An investigation of the oxidized Ni/InAs interface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Venter, A., E-mail: [Department of Physics, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, PO Box 77000, Port Elizabeth 6031 (South Africa); Botha, J.R. [Department of Physics, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, PO Box 77000, Port Elizabeth 6031 (South Africa); Swart, H.C. [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300 (South Africa); Naidoo, S.; Olivier, E.J. [Department of Physics, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, PO Box 77000, Port Elizabeth 6031 (South Africa)


    Ni was resistively deposited onto bulk InAs and subsequently oxidized in an O{sub 2} atmosphere. The anneal temperature and time were 450 deg. C and 2.5 h, respectively. X-ray diffraction of the oxidized Ni/InAs sample revealed the formation of In{sub 3}Ni{sub 2} and In{sub 2}O{sub 3} on the front suggesting inter diffusion of In, Ni and O. NiO was not detected by X-ray diffraction. In a preliminary study, using glass as a substrate, NiO readily formed when using these oxidation parameters. Conductivity measurements of the oxidized Ni/InAs surface revealed a conducting front and insulating rear surface while TEM of the Ni/InAs interface revealed an intermediate amorphous diffusion zone between the 'oxidized' Ni layer and the bulk InAs. A closer investigation of the intermediate layer supports the X-ray diffraction results, suggesting compound formation due to diffusion of oxygen and nickel into the substrate, and out-diffusion of In and As from the bulk of the sample. AES was used to further elucidate these results.

  3. Discrete ellipsoidal statistical BGK model and Burnett equations (United States)

    Zhang, Yu-Dong; Xu, Ai-Guo; Zhang, Guang-Cai; Chen, Zhi-Hua; Wang, Pei


    A new discrete Boltzmann model, the discrete ellipsoidal statistical Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook (ESBGK) model, is proposed to simulate nonequilibrium compressible flows. Compared with the original discrete BGK model, the discrete ES-BGK has a flexible Prandtl number. For the discrete ES-BGK model in the Burnett level, two kinds of discrete velocity model are introduced and the relations between nonequilibrium quantities and the viscous stress and heat flux in the Burnett level are established. The model is verified via four benchmark tests. In addition, a new idea is introduced to recover the actual distribution function through the macroscopic quantities and their space derivatives. The recovery scheme works not only for discrete Boltzmann simulation but also for hydrodynamic ones, for example, those based on the Navier-Stokes or the Burnett equations.

  4. Modeling shock waves in an ideal gas: combining the Burnett approximation and Holian's conjecture. (United States)

    He, Yi-Guang; Tang, Xiu-Zhang; Pu, Yi-Kang


    We model a shock wave in an ideal gas by combining the Burnett approximation and Holian's conjecture. We use the temperature in the direction of shock propagation rather than the average temperature in the Burnett transport coefficients. The shock wave profiles and shock thickness are compared with other theories. The results are found to agree better with the nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) and direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) data than the Burnett equations and the modified Navier-Stokes theory.

  5. Detection-dependent six-photon Holland-Burnett state interference


    Rui-Bo Jin; Mikio Fujiwara; Ryosuke Shimizu; Robert J. Collins; Gerald S. Buller; Taro Yamashita; Shigehito Miki; Hirotaka Terai; Masahiro Takeoka; Masahide Sasaki


    The NOON state, and its experimental approximation the Holland-Burnett state, have important applications in phase sensing measurement with enhanced sensitivity. However, most of the previous Holland-Burnett state interference (HBSI) experiments only investigated the area of the interference pattern in the region immediately around zero optical path length difference, while the full HBSI pattern over a wide range of optical path length differences has not yet been well explored. In this work,...

  6. Leo Burnett wins agency of the year title in Estonia and Lithuania

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Eesti Kuldmuna reklaamikonkursil, Leedu reklaamifestivalil Adrenalinas aasta reklaamiagentuuri tiitli pälvinud ettevõttest Kontuur Leo Burnett. Madis Laas, Tomas Ramanauskas ja Marius Petrukaitis vastavad küsimustele firma edu võimalike põhjuste ja tulevikuplaanide kohta

  7. Hypersonic shock structure with Burnett terms in the viscous stress and heat flux (United States)

    Chapman, Dean R.; Fiscko, Kurt A.


    The continuum Navier-Stokes and Burnett equations are solved for one-dimensional shock structure in various monatomic gases. A new numerical method is employed which utilizes the complete time-dependent continuum equations and obtains the steady-state shock structure by allowing the system to relax from arbitrary initial conditions. Included is discussion of numerical difficulties encountered when solving the Burnett equations. Continuum solutions are compared to those obtained utilizing the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo method. Shock solutions are obtained for a hard sphere gas and for argon from Mach 1.3 to Mach 50. Solutions for a Maxwellian gas are obtained from Mach 1.3 to Mach 3.8. It is shown that the Burnett equations yield shock structure solutions in much closer agreement to both Monte Carlo and experimental results than do the Navier-Stokes equations. Shock density thickness, density asymmetry, and density-temperature separation are all more accurately predicted by the Burnett equations than by the Navier-Stokes equations.

  8. Detection-dependent six-photon Holland-Burnett state interference (United States)

    Jin, Rui-Bo; Fujiwara, Mikio; Shimizu, Ryosuke; Collins, Robert J.; Buller, Gerald S.; Yamashita, Taro; Miki, Shigehito; Terai, Hirotaka; Takeoka, Masahiro; Sasaki, Masahide


    The NOON state, and its experimental approximation the Holland-Burnett state, have important applications in phase sensing measurement with enhanced sensitivity. However, most of the previous Holland-Burnett state interference (HBSI) experiments only investigated the area of the interference pattern in the region immediately around zero optical path length difference, while the full HBSI pattern over a wide range of optical path length differences has not yet been well explored. In this work, we experimentally and theoretically demonstrate up to six-photon HBSI and study the properties of the interference patterns over a wide range of optical path length differences. It was found that the shape, the coherence time and the visibility of the interference patterns were strongly dependent on the detection schemes. This work paves the way for applications which are based on the envelope of the HBSI pattern, such as quantum spectroscopy and quantum metrology.

  9. Kui oluliseks isikuandmete kaitsmist kooli oludes peate ja millest seda tehes lähtute? / Harri Kõo, Ene Tannberg, Kalle Niinas, Maria Tiro...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Küsimusele vastavad Tabasalu Ühisgümnaasiumi direktor Harri Kõo, Tartu Miina Härma Gümnaasiumi direktor Ene Tannberg, Jakob Westholmi Gümnaasiumi direktor Kalle Niinas, Jüri Gümnaasiumi direktor Maria Tiro ja Viimsi Keskkooli direktor Leelo Tiisvelt

  10. Korostõshevi linnapea Lina Kazmirskaja : "Ukrainat on 14 aastat alla surutud ja röövitud" / Lina Kazmirskaja ; interv. Niina Voropajeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kazmirskaja, Lina


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 18. jaan. lk. 2. Ukrainas asuva Korostõshevi linnapea vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema karjääri ja linnaprobleeme. Vt. samas lk. 3: Niina Voropajeva. Kohtla-Järve ja Ukraina Korostõshev hakkavad koostööd tegema

  11. Sir William Burnett (1779-1861), professional head of the Royal Naval Medical Department and entrepreneur. (United States)

    Penn, Christopher


    Sir William Burnett (1779-1861) had an active career as a Royal Navy surgeon in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, including service at the battles of St Vincent, the Nile and Trafalgar. From 1822 to 1855 he was professional head of the Royal Naval Medical Department, when he provided effective leadership in a time of great change. Although his official work earned him the reputation of a "hard-working, unimaginative, somewhat harsh man", his correspondence shows a very humane centre under the official carapace. His official performance and reputation were both eroded towards the end of his career by his determined promotion of zinc chloride, for which he held lucrative patents.

  12. Infrasonic attenuation in the upper mesosphere-lower thermosphere: a comparison between Navier-Stokes and Burnett predictions. (United States)

    Akintunde, Akinjide; Petculescu, Andi


    This paper presents the results of a pilot study comparing the use of continuum and non-continuum fluid dynamics to predict infrasound attenuation in the rarefied lower thermosphere. The continuum approach is embodied by the Navier-Stokes equations, while the non-continuum method is implemented via the Burnett equations [Proc. London Math. Soc. 39, 385-430 (1935); 40, 382-435 (1936)]. In the Burnett framework, the coupling between stress tensor and heat flux affects the dispersion equation, leading to an attenuation coefficient smaller than its Navier-Stokes counterpart by amounts of order 0.1 dB/km at 0.1 Hz, 10 dB/km at 1 Hz, and 100 dB/km at 10 Hz. It has been observed that many measured thermospheric arrivals are stronger than current predictions based on continuum mechanics. In this context, the consistently smaller Burnett-based absorption is cautiously encouraging.

  13. Student versus athlete: Professional socialisation influx | Burnett ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences ... sport and increased professional opportunities for high performance athletes, ... Continued participation and self-reported high levels of motivation relate to sporting success (69.4%), ...

  14. Two Hamlets | Burnett | Shakespeare in Southern Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Shakespeare in Southern Africa. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 23 (2011) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  15. Üksikemade pered - üks riskigruppidest / Niina Derman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Derman, Niina


    Artiklis keskendutakse 18-49-aastastele alaealisi lapsi üksinda kasvatavatele naistele ja nende toimetulekuprobleemidele. Võrdlusgruppidena on uurimusse kaasatud samas vanuses ilma lasteta naised ning alaealiste lastega (vaba)abielus naised. Artikkel põhineb elanikkonnaküsitluse "Eesti 98" andmetel

  16. "Põhþamaa talv..." : [luuletused] / Niina Obrezkova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Obrezkova, Niina, 1965-


    Sisu: "Põhþamaa talv..." / Pauli Lesoneni venekeelse tõlke järgi võru keelde tõlkinud Kauksi Ülle ; "Kuke vuod dorad bdzõm adjamien..." ; "Kõlburjosõ mõnam..." / komi keelest tõlkinud udmurdi keelde Tatjana Prokopjeva

  17. Kontserdijärgseid mõtteid / Niina Murdvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murdvee, Niina, 1950-


    Ü. Kaadu esinemisest 29. aprillil Estonia kontserdisaalis. Kavas Tshaikovski Viiulikontsert. M. Mikalai ja O. Voronova ühiskontserdist 30.aprillil Tallinna raekojas. Kavas Bach, Debussy, Liszt, Eller ja Ravel

  18. Kaks plaati Sigrid Kuulmannilt / Sigrid Kuulmann ; intervjueerinud Niina Murdvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuulmann Martin, Sigrid, 1973-


    Kahest heliplaadist: Sigrid Kuulmann ja Marko Martin "Eduard Tubin. Works for Violin ja Piano Vol.1" ja Sigrid Kuulmann "Teosed sooloviiulile / Works for solo violin" (mõlemad: Tallinn : Estonian Record Productions, 2010)

  19. Opravdannõje pretenzii na liderstvo / Niina Kulikova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kulikova, Niina


    Venemaa on G8 tippkohtumiseks nimetanud põhiteemadeks energeetilise julgeoleku, võitluse infektsioonhaigustega ning haridusprogrammide arengut. Venemaa juhtivast positsioonist maailma energeetikaturul

  20. Zimni son festivalja 2002-2003 / Niina Kotsarenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotsarenko, Niina


    Teatrifestivali "Talveöö unenägu" lavastustest - L. Noréni "Vaikne muusika" L. Hjulströmi lavastuses, V. Langose "Agamemnon ja Tyndareuse tütar" Kreeka teatri Actoriones esituses ja Tai teatri Patravardi tantsuetendus "Kogu tõde peamisest"

  1. Festivali erinevad palged / Niina Kotsarenko ; tõlk. Madis Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotsarenko, Niina


    Mõnedest selleaastasele teatrifestivalile "Talveöö unenägu 2006" iseloomulikest joontest. Erinevatest meistriklassidest, lühidalt etendustest: "Söör Vantes. Donki Hot" - lavastaja Dmitri Krõmovislandi, "Saja-aastane maja" Fru Emilia Teatri esituses, jaapanlase Issei Ogata monoetendus "Linnaelu kataloog" - lavastaja Yuzo Morita, Ghana tantsuansambli Kusum Gboo tantsusetendus "Somu" Richard Danguah lavastuses. Vene teatrikriitikustNatalja Krõmovast, tema sidemetest Eestiga ja tema raamatu "Nimed" presentatsioonist Linnateatris. Lk. 36-38 lühiintervjuud lavastaja Dmitri Krõmovi, tõlkija ja dramaturg Fredrik Linde ning festivali kunstilise juhi Jaanus Rohumaaga

  2. Vot eto - stul, na njom sidjat / Niina Ratshinskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratshinskaja, Niina


    Toolidisaini ajaloost. Austria meistri Michail Tonet'i nn. viini toolist, Alvar Aalto taburetist, Le Corbusier' disainitud toolist, itaallaste Piero Gatti, Cesare Paolini ja Franco Teodoro kott-toolist, Philippe Starcki 1990. a. disainitud toolist

  3. Trends in sport participation at South African universities | Burnett ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The participation figures of sixteen universities obtained through two questionnaires, six interviews and nineteen focus groups reveal high success rates in league competitions, ranging between 62.1 per ... Issues of inclusion and gender equality should be addressed, as the majority of sports uphold the ethos of masculinity.

  4. The killing fields of soccer: Violence, villains and victims | Burnett ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The destructive nature of soccer violence and the resultant deaths of hundreds of supporters since the sixties have directed academic enquiry and scholarly investigation. The aim of this study was to utilize a synthesis of theoretical paradigms in order to provide some explanations for this complex and multifaceted local ...

  5. Preamble | Burnett | South African Journal for Research in Sport ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 39, No 1:2 (2017) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  6. Sports-related research trends at South African universities | Burnett ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper forms part of a more comprehensive national study and addresses the current tends of sports-related research in the different fields of scientific inquiry. Qualitative methods that entailed 20 interviews with representatives from relevant sports entities and 19 focus group sessions in which 73 people participated ...

  7. Globalisation and inequalities in a third world sport context | Burnett ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The complex reality of the globalization process is explored through analyses of the discourse that since the nineties there has increasingly been debated in the field of sport sociology. Most prominent theoretical perspectives including modernism, post-modernism, broad Marxist traditions and the figurational approach ...

  8. Neljakümnes kevad : [luuletused] / Niina Obrezkova ; tlk. Arvo Valton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Obrezkova, Niina, 1965-


    Sisu: Neljakümnes kevad ; "Oleme kõik lapsed..." ; "Hommikvestlust pidada on hilja..." ; "Kingi mulle lilli sa..." ; "On mehi..." ; "Mälu mulle uksed avas ise..." ; "Kolm on valu südames..." ; "Helge pisar..." ; "Ei salahoovusi mus leidu..." "Miskitviisi...". Luuletused paralleelselt komi ja eesti keeles

  9. Meenutusi "Talveöö unenäost" / Niina Kotsarenko ; tõlk. Merle Ljubimova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotsarenko, Niina


    Fesivalist "Talveöö unenägu 2004". Fragmente öistest diskussioonidest ja festivalikülaliste arvamusi. Tsiteeritud järgmisi festivalil osalenuid : K. Moring (teatrikriitik), J. Arie (lavastaja), A. Shapiro (lavastaja), U. Rowland Taylor (dramaturg ja ajakirjanik)

  10. Lozhitsja na relsõ poka smõsla net / Niina Antonova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Antonova, Niina


    Peaministri ülesannetes majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministri Meelis Atoneni pressikonverentsist Narva-visiidi tulemustest. Parlamendiliige Mihhail Stalnuhhin ja Eesti Raudtee juhatuse liige rääkisid Narva raudteejaama rekonstrueerimise projektist ning soojuse uue hinna kooskõlastamisest

  11. Verkkosivuston käytettävyys : case: Tmi Niina Virtanen


    Virtanen, Antti


    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli toteuttaa responsiiviset verkkosivut case yritykselle, sekä samalla tehdä niistä käytettävyys- ja responsiivisuustutkimus. Sivuston responsiivisuutta testattiin tietokoneella, tabletilla ja puhelimella. Testauslaitteina toimivat Lenovo Ideapad Y510P, Huawei T1 ja OnePlus 3. Opinnäytetyössä perehdytään käytettävyyden teoriaan, siihen mitä se on, miten sitä voi hyödyntää ja miten sitä voi parantaa. Responsiivisuuden teoriaa ja käytäntöä on myös esitelty...

  12. Moskva tehas nõuab Eesti firmalt kohtu kaudu võlga sisse / Niina Voropajeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voropajeva, Niina


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 2. aug. lk. 4. Moskva arbitraazhikohus mõistis Narva firmalt Alekor Textil võõra raha kasutamisest tekkinud võlgnevuse ja võlaprotsentide katteks välja rohkem kui 18 000 dollarit

  13. Viktor Andrejev : "Loodan, et meie üliõpilased on oma valikuga sama rahul kui mina" / Viktor Andrejev ; interv. Niina Voropajeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Andrejev, Viktor, 1948-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 29. juuli lk. 3. Endine Riigikogu liige, praegune TTÜ Virumaa kolledzhi direktor vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tänavust konkurssi Virumaa kolledzhisse, riikliku tellimuse suurust, kolledzhi juhtimist, endist poliitikukarjääri ning harrastusi. Lisa: CV. Kommenteerib Nikolai Kutashov

  14. Vene Kultuurikeskus = The Russian Culture Centre / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-


    Tallinnas Mere puiestee 5 asuva hoone (arhitekt A. Kuznetsov, 1954) restaureerimisest. Arhitekt Niina Mäger, sisearhitekt Anne Tamverk. Ajaloolane Aleksandr Pantelejev. Žürii liikme Mait Summataveti hinnang kultuurkapitali aastapreemiale esitatud hoonele

  15. Pro god uhhodjashtshii mõ jeshtsho mozhem skazat "neplohhoi". Kak nazovut god sledujushtshii?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Ida-Virumaa suuremate omavalitsuste juhid Jevgeni Solovjov, Niina Neglasson, Jelena Korshunova ja Mihhail Stalnuhhin ning Ida-Viru maavanem Riho Breivel teevad kokkuvõtteid mööduvast aastast ning heidavad pilgu algavasse aastasse

  16. Kes on need soome-ugri kirjanikud...? / Arvo Valton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valton, Arvo


    Hõimurahvaste nädalal on Eestis Larissa Mardanova, Pjotr Zahharov, Larissa Orehhova, Mush Nadii ja Arzami Otshei Udmurtiast, Vassili Krigin Mordvast ning Niina Obrezkova ja Aljona Jeltsova Komist. Sisaldab raamatuesitluste ajakava

  17. Hõimukirjanduslik kolmapäev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    17. okt. keskendutakse Tallinna Kirjanike Majas soome-ugri luulele. Osalejad Larissa Mardanova, Pjotr Zahharov, Larissa Orehhova, Mush Nadii ja Arzami Otshei Udmurtiast, Vassili Krigin Mordvast ning Niina Obrezkova ja Aljona Jeltsova Komist. Õhtut juhib Arvo Valton

  18. International conference "Cultural Plurality in Estonia : Policies and Solutions"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Ettekandjad: Katrin Saks, Mall Hellam, Mati Luik, Kirsti Häkkinen, Vello Pettai, Ivi Proos, Katri Raik, NiinaOrhimenko, Ib Ostergaard Rasmussen, Urve Läänemets, Jüri Valge, Aleksander Dusman, Raivo Juurak, Rein Ruutsoo

  19. Armusuhted tööl - meeleolu tõuseb, töökvaliteet langeb / Ketlin Priilinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priilinn, Ketlin, 1982-


    Ilmunud ka: Juhi ideelaegas. - Tallinn, 2006, lk. 77-79. A. Le Coqi juhatuse esimees Tarmo Noop, Alexela Oili tegevjuht Ain Kuusik ja Tööinspektsiooni õigusosakonna juhataja Niina Siitam isiklikest suhetest ja armumisest tööl. Kommenteerib BDA Estonia projektikonsultatsioonide juht Maria Kütt

  20. Läbielamiskunsti tulek Eesti teatrisse / Katri Aaslav-Tepandi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aaslav-Tepandi, Katri, 1965-


    "Psühholoogilise realismi" tulek Eesti teatrisse 1910. aastal, kui noor näitlejanna Erna Villmer saabus Estonia teatrisse Moskva Kunstiteatri juures tegutsenud Adashevi stuudiost. Moskva Kunstiteatri loomisest, Stanislavski "süsteemist", E. Villmeri õpetajatest Leopold Sulerzhitskist ja Niina Litovtseva-Katshalovast

  1. Ossen, teatr, festival / Irina Butjajeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Butjajeva, Irina


    21.-22 okt. Vene Kultuurikeskuses toimunud harrastusteatrite rahvusvahelisest festivalist "Teatrisügis 2006". Vaadeldakse Moskva teatritrupi Zolotoi kljutshik, Sankt-Peterburgi üliõpilasteatri, Valgevene trupi Zolotoi Orion ja kahe Eesti kollektiivi - Teatri Noorus (kunstiline juht ja lavastaja Niina Popova) ja Anne Teatristuudio (stuudio kunstiline juht ja lavastaja Anne Maiste) etendusi

  2. In memoriam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Ülle Ulla 10. XI 1934 - 9. IV 2016. Niina Raadik 22. VIII 1924 - 12. IV 2016. Andrus Vaht 26. I 1951 - 21. IV 2016. Tõnu Reimann 6. II 1947 - 23 IV 2016. Vjatšeslav (Slavka) Kobrin 11. IV 1958 - 23. IV 2016



    Hangasmaa, Niina


    TIIVISTELMÄ Hangasmaa, Niina. Puuttuminen sosiaalisessa mediassa tapahtuvaan koulukiusaamiseen. Toimintaohjeet Pietarin Suomalaiselle koululle. Kevät 2016, 50 s., 2 liitettä. Diakonia-ammattikorkeakoulu, Sosiaalialan koulutusohjelma, Diakonisen sosiaalityön suuntautumisvaihtoehto, sosionomi (AMK) + diakonin virkakelpoisuus Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli luoda yhteiset toimintaohjeet Pietarin Suomalaisen koulun opettajille heidän havaitessaan tai saadessaan tietää jonkun oppilaan ...

  4. 2. ja 3. mail kella 10-19 on Tallinna kultuurirahvaülikoolis (TKRÜ) lahtiste uste päevad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    TKRÜ kunsti- ja käsitöökursustel valminud tööde näitusel on väljas Heino Kivihalli kalligraafiakeskuse õpilaste, Jüri Sillarti fotokursuslaste, kunstistuudio, klaasikunsti, nahakunsti ja siidimaali õpilaste tööd, lapitööd. Vastuvõtust 2002/03. a. kursustele, õppejõududest. Avatakse Ülle Marksi laste kunstikursus. 3. V origami kursuse esitlus (Niina Juganson)

  5. Eesti reklaamfilm Ameerikas esimene

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Andrus Tuisu reklaamiklipp "Vigur krõps - kirik" võitis reklaamfilmide festivalil "The Mobius Advertising Awards 1998" Chicagos esimese koha : Idee autor reklaamiagentuur Kontuur Leo Burnett : Stuudio Manfred Tuisk

  6. Krõps kirikus teenis esikoha : Kaido Veermäe püüab ideid ja kütab emotsioone / Anneli Aasmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aasmäe, Anneli, 1973-


    Režissöör Andrus Tuisu reklaamiklipp "Vigur krõps - kirik" võitis reklaamfilmide festivalil "The Mobius Advertising Awards 1998" Chicagos esimese koha. Idee autor reklaamiagentuurist Kontuur Leo Burnett jagab muljeid

  7. Milline on Eesti kõige edukam reklaamiagentuur? / Andres Eilart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eilart, Andres


    Eesti Reklaamiagentuuride Liidu arvestuse järgi on agentuuritulult edukaim reklaamifirma Eestis Kontuur Leo Burnett, Kuldmuna reklaamikonkursil oli aga edukaim reklaamiagentuuride liitu mitte kuuluv Zoom Ogilvy. Tabelid: Kuldmuna 2002 konkursi võitjad erinevates kategooriates ; reklaamiagentuuride pingerida agentuuritulu alusel.

  8. 78 FR 17403 - No FEAR Act Notice (United States)


    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Nancy Burnett, Acting Associate Director of the Office of Minority and Women Inclusion, [email protected] , (202) 649-3017; Brian Guy, Manager of EEO Services, [email protected] , (202...

  9. Milk-alkali syndrome (United States)

    Calcium-alkali syndrome; Cope syndrome; Burnett syndrome; Hypercalcemia; Calcium metabolism disorder ... Milk-alkali syndrome is almost always caused by taking too many calcium supplements, usually in the form of calcium carbonate. Calcium ...

  10. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Perspective of coaches on LTAD of elite judo athletes: A comparative analysis · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Petrus L. Nolte, Cora Burnett, Wim Hollander, 219-228 ...

  11. Best Sunscreen: Understand Sunscreen Options (United States)

    ... 8, 2016. Burnett ME, et al. Current sunscreen controversies: A critical review. Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine. 2011;27: ... your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. Terms and Conditions Privacy Policy ...

  12. TÜ, TPÜ ja EHI uusi magistreid / Eda Tursk, Hille Roots, Heidi Meier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tursk, Eda


    Tartu ülikooli eesti ja soome-ugri keeleteaduse osakonnas ning kirjanduse ja rahvaluule osakonnas kaitsesid 2003.a. magistritööd Niina Aasmäe, Piret Voll, Larissa Degel, Reet Hendrikson, Tiina Pai, Petar Kehayov, Anna Baidullina, Katrin Ennus, Kristi Jõesaar, Ell Vahtramäe, Lauri Sommer, Andreas Kalkun, Mirjam Hinrikus, Kristel Nõlvak. Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikoolis kaitsesid 2003.a. magistritööd Sirje Nootre, Merike Mägedi, Tiiu Koovit, Heidi Meier, Jaanika Stackhouse, Lilian Ossi, Annika Vamper, Marika Mikkor, Piret Õunapuu, Helin Puksand, Taimi Rosenberg. Eesti Humanitaarinstituudis kaitses 2003.a. magistritööd Merilin Miljan

  13. Boltzmann equation and hydrodynamics beyond Navier-Stokes. (United States)

    Bobylev, A V


    We consider in this paper the problem of derivation and regularization of higher (in Knudsen number) equations of hydrodynamics. The author's approach based on successive changes of hydrodynamic variables is presented in more detail for the Burnett level. The complete theory is briefly discussed for the linearized Boltzmann equation. It is shown that the best results in this case can be obtained by using the 'diagonal' equations of hydrodynamics. Rigorous estimates of accuracy of the Navier-Stokes and Burnett approximations are also presented.This article is part of the theme issue 'Hilbert's sixth problem'. © 2018 The Author(s).

  14. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (76th, Kansas City, Missouri, August ll-l4, l993). Part XI: Advertising. (United States)

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    The Advertising section of this collection of conference presentations contains the following 12 papers: "How Leading Advertising Agencies Perceive and Use Barter Syndication: A Pilot Study" (Sylvia M. Chan-Olmsted); "Three Giants--Leo Burnett, David Ogilvy, William Bernbach: An Exploration of the Impact of the Founders' Written…

  15. Utilisation de quelques marqueurs physiologiques et biochimiques ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    resources, water resources in particular, was a prevalent mean. ... Osmoprotectors, such as free proline and soluble sugars have increased with stress. ..... yield in barley. Crop Sci. 24, 968-972. [21] Schields R. and Burnett W. 1960. Determination of protein bound carbohydrate in serum by a modified anthrone method. Anal.

  16. 76 FR 61143 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision (United States)


    ... (See Bates and Neyman, University of California Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies... Regression Analysis of a Poisson Process,'' Journal of American Statistical Association, June 1971). A 1964.... Adamczyk, Shaun E. Burnett, Kevin W. Cannon, Daniel W. Eynon, Anton Filic, Mark E. Gessner, Stephen A...

  17. Role of Endogenous Peptides and Enzymes in the Pathogenesis of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1. Michael LS. Relationship between pancreatitis and lung diseases. Respiration Physiology 2001; 128(1): 13–. 16. 2. Scott FG, Yang J, Kathryn B, Krista H, Heather CPK. Epling-Burnette, Yanhua P, James N, Michel MM. Acute Pancreatitis Induces FasL Gene Expression and Apoptosis in the Liver. J Surg Res 2004; 122(2):.

  18. "The Secret Garden": A Literary Journey. (United States)

    Jordan, Anne Devereaux


    Outlines the life of Frances Hodgson Burnett, author of "The Secret Garden." Argues that it not only tells an enthralling tale, but takes readers on a journey through the history of English literature. Discusses the gothic tradition and romanticism of "The Secret Garden." Lists classic elements in the book and offers five ideas…

  19. Religious Studies: The Shaping of a Field and a Guide to Reference Resources. (United States)

    Lippy, Charles H.


    Discusses the development of religious studies as an academic discipline. Examines the work of leading thinkers in the field, including anthropologists Sir James Fraser and Edward Burnett Taylor, sociologist Max Weber, and psychologist Erik Erikson. Identifies some of the many reference works that deal with religious studies. (SG)

  20. ADrenalinas 2005

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    3. juunil Leedus toimunud 3. reklaamifestivalil ADrenalina jagas rahvusvaheline žürii välja auhinnad 29 kategoorias, millest 18 läksid Leo Burnett Vilniusele, mis võitis sellega teistkordselt "Aasta agentuuri" tiitli. Lisa: Advertising festival "ADrenalinas" 2005

  1. 17 CFR 200.303 - Times, places and requirements for requests pertaining to individual records in a record system... (United States)


    ... Operations, SEC, 100 F Street, NE., Washington, DC 20549, during normal business hours of 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m... business hours of those offices are listed below: Atlanta Regional Office—3475 Lenox Road, NE., Suite 1000.... M.T. Fort Worth Regional Office—Burnett Plaza, Suite 1900, 801 Cherry Street, Unit #18, Fort Worth...

  2. New experiment in the advertising world! / Alina Lisina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lisina, Alina


    Lätis Siguldas viidi läbi kolme reklaamiagentuuri Y&R Garage 4x4, Balta Communication'i ja Metro Leo Burnett'i nädalane seminar, mille käigus loodi ühiselt reklaam Adazhu cipsi'le. Oma teadmisi jagas reklaaminduse maailmaklassi ekspert Bob Kincey

  3. 2005 for Estonian advertising / interv. Oksana Kostina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Juhtivate reklaami- ja meediaagentuuride Lowe AGE, DDB Estonia, Kontuur Leo Burnett, Euro RSCG Idea, Media House, OMD Estonia ja Mediapool juhid vastavad viiele küsimusele ettevõtete käekäigu ja tulevikuplaanide kohta Eesti reklaamiturul

  4. Experimental studies of equation of gases state for hydrogen and deuterium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jiang Guoqiang; Lu Guangda


    The low order Virial coefficient and compression factors of hydrogen, deuterium and the mixtures of both materials were experimentally determined by using Burnett method at the normal temperature and the pressure of 0.5 to 40 MPa. Comparing the results obtained with the data in references, the relative error of compression factor is less than 0.2%

  5. A Forecast of Army Aviation Training Research and Development Requirements for the Period 1985 to 2000. Volume 1 (United States)


    cinematic simulation, and interactive computer- 97 control display devices have been reviewed by Roscoe. [35] Developments on some of these training...R. S., Study and Analysis of Requirements for Head-Up Display (HUD), NASA CR-6612, March 1970. 6. Burnette, K. T., "The Status of Human Perceptual

  6. 2018-02-19T16:08:03Z oai:ojs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Reduit Boodhoo, Kishore; Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Reduit Balgobin, Janita; Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Reduit Povinec, Pavel; IAEA, Marine Environmental Laboratory, Monaco Burnett, W.C; Dept of Oceanography, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA Mauritius, lagoon, ...

  7. Eesti võitis Kuldhaamri reklaamifestivalil neli kulda / Liivi Shein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Šein, Liivi


    Riias 20.-21.09.2007 toimunud Läänemeremaade reklaamifestivalil võitsid Eesti reklaamiagentuurid neli kuldset (Vatson&Vatson/Y&R, Leo Express, Media House ja Brilliant) ja neli hõbedast haamrit (Kontuur Leo Burnett ja Tank). Žüriis ka Igor Baturin

  8. Farmers' Cynicism toward Nature and Distrust of the Government: Where Does that Leave Conservation Buffer Programs? (United States)

    Gronewold, Katherine L.; Burnett, Ann; Meister, Mark


    Farmers are commonly regarded as stewards of the land. Farmers have, however, become cynical toward nature (Meister, Hest, & Burnett, 2009) and distrustful of the government (Cantrill, 2003). This study examines whether or not that cynicism and distrust is reflected in U.S. farmers' opinions of and future participation in conservation buffer…

  9. "Otherways" into the Garden: Re-Visioning the Feminine in "The Secret Garden." (United States)

    Parsons, Linda T.


    Documents the author's interpretation of Frances Hodgson Burnett's "The Secret Garden." Explores a series of questions dealing with issues such as sight, speech, power, gender construction, and symbolism. Reveals the positive and potent ways women subvert the hegemony of patriarchal society and the celebration of the divine feminine…

  10. Bits and Pieces ehk kolumna. White Label : P.W.A. - Work together. Kuula / DJ Pickney Tiger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Pickney Tiger, pseud., 1970-


    Popmuusikauudised. Rockansambli Preserve White Aryans videost. Laulust. Heliplaatidest: Beyond The Horizon", "Only Yazoo. The Best Of", Kaiser Chiefs "Off With Their Heads", "Weezer", Marianne Faithfull "Easy Come Easy Go", The Ry Cooder Anthology "The Ufo has landed",T Bone Burnett "Tooth of Crime", Lonely Drifter Karen "Grass Is Singing", Kim Herold "Drunksoberlovemusic"

  11. On a conjecture of Alley and Alder for fluids and Lorentz models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ernst, M.H.; Beijeren, H. van


    We discuss a conjecture of Alley and Alder predicting a relation between the four-point and the two-point velocity autocorrelation functions for fluids and Lorentz models at sufficiently long times. If the conjecture is correct a modified Burnett coefficient can be defined, which has a finite value,

  12. et Ceratitis anonae

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    climatiques. Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci.,. 9(6): 2698-2715. Lloyd AC, Hamacek EL, Kopittke RA, Peek. T, Wyatt PM, Neale CJ, Elkema M. 2010. Area-wide management of fruit flies (Diptera: tephritidae) in the. Central Burnett district of Queensland,. Australia. Crop Protection, 29: 462-. 469. Mille C. 2010. Les mouches des fruits de.

  13. Digging Up "The Secret Garden": Noble Innocents or Little Savages? (United States)

    Wilkie, Christine


    Offers a rereading of Frances Hodgson Burnett's "The Secret Garden," finding in it the triumph of Apollonian male rationalism over the Dionysian female cult of nature. Examines images of primitivism and wildness in the book, connecting them to polarities in conceptions of primitivism. (SR)

  14. Popmuusika / Madis Aesma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aesma, Madis


    Uutest heliplaatidest Leningrad Cowboys "Zombie's Paradise", TV On The Radio "Return To Cookie Mountain", "koom.h ", T Bone Burnett "The True False Identitty", ROC C "All Questions Answered", Cibille "The Shine Of Dried Electric Leaves", Hector Bambino "Los Rompe Discotecas"


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Gargurevich


    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Para reconocer si ha sido efectivo, deben explorarse diversas variables relacionadas al proceso de aprendizaje, así como al proceso de demostración de lo aprendido (rendimiento académico. Las experiencias emocionales son una variable relacionada con estos dos eventos. Las emociones son procesos psicológicos que intervienen tanto en el proceso de aprendizaje, como en el rendimiento académico, ya sea favoreciéndolos o menoscabándolos (Shunk, Pintrich y Meece, 2008; Gumora y Arsenio, 2002. En este artículo se discute la naturaleza de la experiencia emocional, así como las consecuencias de la autoregulación de la emoción en el proceso de aprendizaje y en el rendimiento académico. Se reflexiona, además, sobre cómo los profesores pueden ayudar a los estudiantes en el logro de un comportamiento emocional autorregulado (Shunk, Pintrich y Meece, 2008. En la misma línea, se estudia cómo las emociones pueden favorecer o interferir en los procesos cognitivos asociados al aprendizaje y al rendimiento académico. Finalmente, se comentan los resultados de diversas investigaciones relacionadas al tema del rendimiento en el aula y su relación con la autoregulación de la emoción (Benbenutti, McKeachie y Lin, 2002, Graziano, Reavis, Keane y Kalkins, 2007; Hamre, & Pianta, 2001;Vuorela, & Nummenmaa, 2004. ABSTRACT: In order to recognize if the learning experience has been effective, one must explore different variables related to the learning process and to the demonstration of what has been learned (academic achievement. One variable that clearly relates with these two events are emotional experiences. Emotions are psychological processes that intervene with the learning process as well as the students’ academic achievement, either to favor or impair them. (Shunck, Pintrich y Meece, 2008; Gumora y Arsenio, 2002. This article discusses the nature of the emotional experience as well as the consequences of emotional self-regulation in

  16. Cosmic ray physics goes to school

    CERN Multimedia


    With the help of a CERN physicist, German Schools bring the Largest Cosmic Ray Detector in Europe one step closer to reality   Eric Berthier and Robert Porret (CERN, ST/HM), Frej Torp and Christian Antfolk from the Polytechnics Arcada in Finland, and Karsten Eggert, physicist at CERN who initiated this project, during the installation of cosmic ray detectors in the Pays de Gex, at point 4. Niina Patrikainen and Frej Torp, Finnish students from Rovaniemi and Arcada Polytechnics, installing cosmic ray counters at the Fachhochschule in Duesseldorf. The science of cosmic ray detection is growing, literally. Cosmic rays, energetic particles from space, strike our planet all the time. They collide with the air molecules in our upper atmosphere and initiate large showers of elementary particles (mainly electrons, photons, hadrons and muons) which rain down upon the earth. The shower size and the particle density in the showers reflect the initial energy of the cosmic ray particle, a detail which makes d...

  17. Granular Gases: Probing the Boundaries of Hydrodynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goldhirsch, I.


    The dissipative nature of the particle interactions in granular systems renders granular gases mesoscopic and bearing some similarities to regular gases in the ''continuum transition regime'' where shear rates and/or thermal gradients are very large). The following properties of granular gases support the above claim: (i). Mean free times are of the same order as macroscopic time scales (inverse shear rates); (ii). Mean free paths can be macroscopic and comparable to the system's dimensions; (iii). Typical flows are supersonic; (iv). Shear rates are typically ''large''; (v). Stress fields are scale (resolution) dependent; (vi). Burnett and super-Burnett corrections to both the constitutive relations and the boundary conditions are of importance; (vii). Single particle distribution functions can be far from Gaussian. It is concluded that while hydrodynamic descriptions of granular gases are relevant, they are probing the boundaries of applicability of hydrodynamics and perhaps slightly beyond

  18. Tylor y la guerra de la reforma en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leif Korsbaek


    Full Text Available El texto que presentamos en este número de Athenea Digital es el Capítulo 11 del libro “Anahuac, or Mexico and the Mexicans, Ancient and Modern” que publicó el antropólogo Edward Burnett Tylor en 1861 en Londres. Tanto la introducción al texto y al trabajo de Tylor, como la traducción al castellano del capítulo han sido realizadas por Leif Korsbaek.

  19. Understanding Consumer Brand Forgiveness


    Siamagka, Nikoletta Theofania; Christodoulides, George


    The concept of forgiveness has been in the centre of research within the psychology domain for a number of years (e.g., Burnette, McCullough, Van Tongeren, & Davis, 2012; Fehr, Gelfand, & Nag, 2010; Mauger, Perry, Freeman, & Grove, 1992). It is surprising, however, that despite the relevance of forgiveness in marketing, the concept has failed to attract much attention and research in this area remains scarce. Few studies have looked into the importance of forgiveness in the contex...

  20. Low Cost, Low Power, High Sensitivity Magnetometer (United States)


    which are used to measure the small magnetic signals from brain. Other types of vector magnetometers are fluxgate , coil based, and magnetoresistance...concentrator with the magnetometer currently used in Army multimodal sensor systems, the Brown fluxgate . One sees the MEMS fluxgate magnetometer is...Guedes, A.; et al., 2008: Hybrid - LOW COST, LOW POWER, HIGH SENSITIVITY MAGNETOMETER A.S. Edelstein*, James E. Burnette, Greg A. Fischer, M.G

  1. The Association Between Molecular Markers in Colorectal Sessile Serrated Polyps and Colorectal Cancer Risk (United States)


    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-15-1-0273 TITLE: The Association between Molecular Markers in Colorectal Sessile Serrated Polyps and Colorectal Cancer ... Colorectal Cancer Risk 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-15-1-0273 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Andrea Burnett-Hartman 5d... cancer in patients with sessile serrated colorectal polyps (SSPs). The project’s specific aims are as follows: 1) Estimate the risk of colorectal

  2. Genesis of apatite in the phosphatized limestones of the western continental shelf of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rao, V.P.; Lamboy, M.

    ) and this siliciclastic flux appear to have transported episodically to the shelf for short duration at about 8300 yr B.P. This flux at places is enriched with iron (Table 1). Iron oxides have strong adsorption capacity for phosphate ions (Nriagu, 1976....C. Burnett and S.R. Riggs (Editors), Neogene to Modern Phosphorites. Phosphate Deposits of the World, 3. Cam- bridge University Press, Cambridge. Cayeux, L., 1939. Existence de nombreuses batteries dans les phosphates sedimentaires de tout age...

  3. Streamlining Defense Acquisition Laws. Report of the Acquisition Law Advisory Panel to the United States Congress. Chapters 1 through 8 and Appendices (United States)


    section 2392 is derived from a long-standing provision of annual Department of Defense Appropriation Acts commonly referred to as the " Maybank Amendment...34 In 1954, Senator Burnett Maybank of South Carolina authored and achieved passage of a law prohibiting Congress from giving economic preference to areas...of high unemployment. With some exceptions, the " Maybank Amendment" has been enforced in DOD ever since.1 Those exceptions occurred in FY83-85 when

  4. The Death of Socialism in Chile (United States)


    Greenwood Press, 1978), p. 136. 1 5 Burnett, p. 170. 1 6 Merrill, . 112. .38 17Books such as Ricardo Lagos’s La concentracion del poder economico en...establishment of three distinct sectors : social, mixed, and private. With regard to the social, it stated: 42 The process of transformation of our...economy begins with a policy destined to construct a dominant state sector , formed by those firms which the state currently possesses plus the firms

  5. Uhked naised / Kozik, Eerika; Tomingas, Triin; Sepp, Karin; Liik, Kadi; Kliimask, Katrin; Saunpere, Anne ; tekst Kärt Kross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Mille üle oled enda juures tõeliselt uhke, mida võid enda kiituseks öelda? Küsimusele vastavad Starland Salongi omanik ja Loyd Tootmine OÜ osanik Eerika Kozik, psühholoog Triin Tomingas, Kontuur Leo Burnett projektidirektor Karin Sepp, Tallinna Ülikooli õppejõud Kadi Liik, AS Koolibri turundusjuht Katrin Kliimask ja eraettevõtja Anne Saunpere

  6. Extremely low microsatellite diversity but distinct population structure in a long-lived threatened species, the Australian lungfish Neoceratodus forsteri (Dipnoi.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane M Hughes

    Full Text Available The Australian lungfish is a unique living representative of an ancient dipnoan lineage, listed as 'vulnerable' to extinction under Australia's Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. Historical accounts indicate this species occurred naturally in two adjacent river systems in Australia, the Burnett and Mary. Current day populations in other rivers are thought to have arisen by translocation from these source populations. Early genetic work detected very little variation and so had limited power to answer questions relevant for management including how genetic variation is partitioned within and among sub-populations. In this study, we use newly developed microsatellite markers to examine samples from the Burnett and Mary Rivers, as well as from two populations thought to be of translocated origin, Brisbane and North Pine. We test whether there is significant genetic structure among and within river drainages; assign putatively translocated populations to potential source populations; and estimate effective population sizes. Eleven polymorphic microsatellite loci genotyped in 218 individuals gave an average within-population heterozygosity of 0.39 which is low relative to other threatened taxa and for freshwater fishes in general. Based on FST values (average over loci = 0.11 and STRUCTURE analyses, we identify three distinct populations in the natural range, one in the Burnett and two distinct populations in the Mary. These analyses also support the hypothesis that the Mary River is the likely source of translocated populations in the Brisbane and North Pine rivers, which agrees with historical published records of a translocation event giving rise to these populations. We were unable to obtain bounded estimates of effective population size, as we have too few genotype combinations, although point estimates were low, ranging from 29 - 129. We recommend that, in order to preserve any local adaptation in the three distinct

  7. Environmental isotopes to test hypotheses for fluid mud (mud bank) generation mechanisms along the southwest coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Jacob, N.; Ansari, M.A.; Revichandran, C.

    monitor for assessment of radon in coastal ocean waters. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 249, 167e172. Cable, J.E., Burnett, W.C., Chanton, J.P., Weatherly, G.L., 1996. Modeling groundwater flow into the ocean based on 222Rn. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 144, 591e...Anally, W.H., Mehta, A.J. (Eds.), Est. Fine Sed. Proc. Elsevier Science BV, pp. 495e507. N. Jacob et al. / Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 164 (2015) 115e123 123characteristics. Ind. J. Mar. Sci. 3, 105e114. Gopinathan, C.P., Regunathan, A., Rao, D.S...

  8. Cellular assessment of muscle in COPD: case studies of two males


    Howard J Green; Eric Bombardier; Margaret E Burnett; et al


    Howard J Green1, Eric Bombardier1, Margaret E Burnett1, Christine L D’Arsigny2, Sobia Iqbal1, Katherine A Webb2, Jing Ouyang1, Denis E O’Donnell21Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada; 2Division of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, CanadaAbstract: The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the recent developments in muscle physiology a...

  9. Protein blotting protocol for beginners. (United States)

    Petrasovits, Lars A


    The transfer and immobilization of biological macromolecules onto solid nitrocellulose or nylon (polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF)) membranes subsequently followed by specific detection is referred to as blotting. DNA blots are called Southerns after the inventor of the technique, Edwin Southern. By analogy, RNA blots are referred to as northerns and protein blots as westerns (Burnette, Anal Biochem 112:195-203, 1981). With few exceptions, western blotting involves five steps, namely, sample collection, preparation, separation, immobilization, and detection. In this chapter, protocols for the entire process from sample collection to detection are described.

  10. Lignite boost for North. [Northern Ireland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clerkin, H.


    Reserves of lignite, estimated at around 500 million tonnes, have been discovered on the shores of Lough Neagh, Northern Ireland. The Government has granted a mining licence and planning permission to Burnett and Hallamshire Holdings to start work on the deposit. It is proposed to mine the lignite using opencast methods. Much of this deposit will be consumed in a purpose-built mine mouth power station with further reserves being dried in the approved processing plant to produce a range of industrial and domestic fuels. Carbonising the lignite may eliminate pollution. However, large scale investment will be required before Ireland's economy can switch to lignite.

  11. Application of information statistical theory to the description of the effect of heat conduction on the chemical reaction rate in gases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fort, J.; Cukrowski, A.S.


    The effect of the heat flux on the rate of chemical reaction in dilute gases is shown to be important for reactions characterized by high activation energies and in the presence of very large temperature gradients. This effect, obtained from the second-order terms in the distribution function (similar to those obtained in the Burnett approximation to the solution of the Boltzmann equation), is derived on the basis of information theory. It is shown that the analytical results describing the effect are simpler if the kinetic definition for the nonequilibrium temperature is introduced than if the thermodynamic definition is introduced. The numerical results are nearly the same for both definitions. (author)

  12. Narrowing of band gap at source/drain contact scheme of nanoscale InAs-nMOS (United States)

    Mohamed, A. H.; Oxland, R.; Aldegunde, M.; Hepplestone, S. P.; Sushko, P. V.; Kalna, K.


    A multi-scale simulation study of Ni/InAs nano-scale contact aimed for the sub-14 nm technology is carried out to understand material and transport properties at a metal-semiconductor interface. The deposited Ni metal contact on an 11 nm thick InAs channel forms an 8.5 nm thick InAs leaving a 2.5 nm thick InAs channel on a p-type doped (1 × 1016 cm-3) AlAs0.47Sb0.53 buffer. The density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal a band gap narrowing in the InAs at the metal-semiconductor interface. The one-dimensional (1D) self-consistent Poisson-Schrödinger transport simulations using real-space material parameters extracted from the DFT calculations at the metal-semiconductor interface, exhibiting band gap narrowing, give a specific sheet resistance of Rsh = 90.9 Ω/sq which is in a good agreement with an experimental value of 97 Ω/sq.

  13. Unified solution of the Boltzmann equation for electron and ion velocity distribution functions and transport coefficients in weakly ionized plasmas (United States)

    Konovalov, Dmitry A.; Cocks, Daniel G.; White, Ronald D.


    The velocity distribution function and transport coefficients for charged particles in weakly ionized plasmas are calculated via a multi-term solution of Boltzmann's equation and benchmarked using a Monte-Carlo simulation. A unified framework for the solution of the original full Boltzmann's equation is presented which is valid for ions and electrons, avoiding any recourse to approximate forms of the collision operator in various limiting mass ratio cases. This direct method using Lebedev quadratures over the velocity and scattering angles avoids the need to represent the ion mass dependence in the collision operator through an expansion in terms of the charged particle to neutral mass ratio. For the two-temperature Burnett function method considered in this study, this amounts to avoiding the need for the complex Talmi-transformation methods and associated mass-ratio expansions. More generally, we highlight the deficiencies in the two-temperature Burnett function method for heavy ions at high electric fields to calculate the ion velocity distribution function, even though the transport coefficients have converged. Contribution to the Topical Issue "Physics of Ionized Gases (SPIG 2016)", edited by Goran Poparic, Bratislav Obradovic, Dragana Maric and Aleksandar Milosavljevic.

  14. Optimal multi-photon phase sensing with a single interference fringe (United States)

    Xiang, G. Y.; Hofmann, H. F.; Pryde, G. J.


    Quantum entanglement can help to increase the precision of optical phase measurements beyond the shot noise limit (SNL) to the ultimate Heisenberg limit. However, the N-photon parity measurements required to achieve this optimal sensitivity are extremely difficult to realize with current photon detection technologies, requiring high-fidelity resolution of N + 1 different photon distributions between the output ports. Recent experimental demonstrations of precision beyond the SNL have therefore used only one or two photon-number detection patterns instead of parity measurements. Here we investigate the achievable phase sensitivity of the simple and efficient single interference fringe detection technique. We show that the maximally-entangled “NOON” state does not achieve optimal phase sensitivity when N > 4, rather, we show that the Holland-Burnett state is optimal. We experimentally demonstrate this enhanced sensitivity using a single photon-counted fringe of the six-photon Holland-Burnett state. Specifically, our single-fringe six-photon measurement achieves a phase variance three times below the SNL. PMID:24067490

  15. A Risk Assessment Approach to Manage Inundation of Elseya albagula Nests in Impounded Waters: A Win-Win Situation? (United States)

    McDougall, A. J.; Espinoza, T.; Hollier, C.; Limpus, D. J.; Limpus, C. J.


    A risk assessment process was used to trial the impact of potential new operating rules on the frequency of nest inundation for the White-throated snapping turtle, Elseya albagula, in the impounded waters of the Burnett River, Queensland, Australia. The proposed operating rules would increase the barrage storage level during the turtle nesting season (May-July) and then would be allowed to reduce to a lower level for incubation for the rest of the year. These proposed operating rules reduce rates of nest inundation by altering water levels in the Ben Anderson Barrage impoundment of the Burnett River. The rules operate throughout the turtle reproductive period and concomitantly improve stability of littoral habitat and fishway operation. Additionally, the proposed rules are expected to have positive socio-economic benefits within the region. While regulated water resources will inherently have a number of negative environmental implications, these potential new operating rules have the capacity to benefit the environment while managing resources in a more sustainable manner. The operating rules have now been enacted in subordinate legislation and require the operator to maintain water levels to minimize turtle nest inundation.

  16. Use of Information and Communication Technologies Among Older People With and Without Frailty: A Population-Based Survey. (United States)

    Keränen, Niina Susanna; Kangas, Maarit; Immonen, Milla; Similä, Heidi; Enwald, Heidi; Korpelainen, Raija; Jämsä, Timo


    Use of information and communication technologies (ICT) among seniors is increasing; however, studies on the use of ICT by seniors at the highest risk of health impairment are lacking. Frail and prefrail seniors are a group that would likely benefit from preventive nutrition and exercise interventions, both of which can take advantage of ICT. The objective of the study was to quantify the differences in ICT use, attitudes, and reasons for nonuse among physically frail, prefrail, and nonfrail home-dwelling seniors. This was a population-based questionnaire study on people aged 65-98 years living in Northern Finland. A total of 794 eligible individuals responded out of a contacted random sample of 1500. In this study, 29.8% (237/794) of the respondents were classified as frail or prefrail. The ICT use of frail persons was lower than that of the nonfrail ones. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, age and education level were associated with both the use of Internet and advanced mobile ICT such as smartphones or tablets. Controlling for age and education, frailty or prefrailty was independently related to the nonuse of advanced mobile ICT (odds ratio, OR=0.61, P=.01), and frailty with use of the Internet (OR=0.45, P=.03). The frail or prefrail ICT nonusers also held the most negative opinions on the usefulness or usability of mobile ICT. When opinion variables were included in the model, frailty status remained a significant predictor of ICT use. Physical frailty status is associated with older peoples' ICT use independent of age, education, and opinions on ICT use. This should be taken into consideration when designing preventive and assistive technologies and interventions for older people at risk of health impairment. ©Niina Susanna Keränen, Maarit Kangas, Milla Immonen, Heidi Similä, Heidi Enwald, Raija Korpelainen, Timo Jämsä. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (, 14.02.2017.

  17. Modulating effect of new potential antimelanomic agents, spin-labeled triazenes and nitrosoureas on the DOPA-oxidase activity of tyrosinase. (United States)

    Gadjeva, V; Zheleva, A; Raikova, E


    The modulating effect of newly synthesized alkylating spin labeled triazene and spin labeled nitrosourea derivatives on the DOPA-oxidase activity of mushroom tyrosinase has been investigated by Bumett's spectrophotometric method (Burnett et al., 1967). All spin labeled triazenes have exhibited activating effect on DOPA-oxidase activity of tyrosinase, whereas clinically used triazene (DTIC), which does not contain nitroxide moiety, have showed inhibiting effect. At the same experimental conditions the spin labeled aminoacid nitrosoureas have showed dual effect - activating, in the beginning of the enzyme reaction and inhibiting later on. It is deduced that the activating effect of the spin labeled compounds is due to the nitroxide moiety and the inhibiting effect of all compounds depends on their half-life time. This study might contribute to make more clear the mechanism of action of the new compounds and on the other hand would come in quite useful as a preliminary prognosis for their antimelanomic activity.

  18. Highlights of the 34th Annual Ralph E. Hopkins at Jackson Hole Seminars (JHS) on February 7-12, 2014, Jackson Hole, WY, USA. (United States)

    da Silva, Rodrigo Donalisio; Schulte, Mary Beth; Miano, Roberto; Gustafson, Diedra; Nogueira, Leticia; Kim, Fernando J


    The prestigious Jackson Hole Seminars (JHS) successfully gathered several world leaders in academic urology and urologists in private practice for a unique scientific experience in Wyoming, USA. Unfortunately, this year Dr. Ralph Hopkins' seat was empty but his spirit continue to be the driving force for the meeting's excellence and friendship. The JHS has pioneered the concept of a Critique Panel comprised of previous speakers that would discuss in depth the presentations of the faculty chosen by the scientific board of the JHS. The 2014 JHS featured Dr. Fernando J. Kim, the President of JHS, Dr. Robert Flanigan, the Program Chair, and the Critique Panel that included: Drs. Peter Albertsen, Arthur Burnett, Michael Coburn, Ann Gormley, and Marshal Stoller. The invited speakers were: Drs. Leonard Gomella (1st prize), Olivier Traxer (2nd prize), Jennifer Anger, Anthony Bella, Jim Hu, and Allen Morey. Some of the in depth discussions and topics are highlighted.

  19. [Book review] A passion for wildlife: The history of the Canadian Wildlife Service (United States)

    Robbins, Chandler S.


    This intimate historical account was contracted in 1996 by Environment Canada to naturalist-writer Burnett, who interviewed more than 120 present and former Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS) employees of the 1947–1997 period. Each of the 10 chapters addresses a major topic, followed by a brief account of the chief activities of a five-year period. For example, chapter 1 is on “The Genesis of the Canadian Wildlife Service,” followed by highlights of the 1947–1952 period: “Setting the Wildlife Agenda.” The other nine chapters cover the history of enforcement; work with birds, mammals, and fish; habitats; education; toxicology; endangered species; and legislation.

  20. Nonlinear transport properties of non-ideal systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pavlov, G A


    The theory of nonlinear transport is elaborated to determine the Burnett transport properties of non-ideal multi-element plasma and neutral systems. The procedure for the comparison of the phenomenological conservation equations of a continuous dense medium and the microscopic equations for dynamical variable operators is used for the definition of these properties. The Mori algorithm is developed to derive the equations of motion of dynamical value operators of a non-ideal system in the form of the generalized nonlinear Langevin equations. In consequence, the microscopic expressions of transport coefficients corresponding to second-order thermal disturbances (temperature, mass velocity, etc) have been found in the long wavelength and low frequency limits

  1. Direct and indirect measures of speech articulator motions using low power EM sensors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barnes, T; Burnett, G; Gable, T; Holzrichter, J F; Ng, L


    Low power Electromagnetic (EM) Wave sensors can measure general properties of human speech articulator motions, as speech is produced. See Holzrichter, Burnett, Ng, and Lea, J.Acoust.Soc.Am. 103 (1) 622 (1998). Experiments have demonstrated extremely accurate pitch measurements ( and lt; 1 Hz per pitch cycle) and accurate onset of voiced speech. Recent measurements of pressure-induced tracheal motions enable very good spectra and amplitude estimates of a voiced excitation function. The use of the measured excitation functions and pitch synchronous processing enable the determination of each pitch cycle of an accurate transfer function and, indirectly, of the corresponding articulator motions. In addition, direct measurements have been made of EM wave reflections from articulator interfaces, including jaw, tongue, and palate, simultaneously with acoustic and glottal open/close signals. While several types of EM sensors are suitable for speech articulator measurements, the homodyne sensor has been found to provide good spatial and temporal resolution for several applications

  2. Reading Ability Development from Kindergarten to Junior Secondary: Latent Transition Analyses with Growth Mixture Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Liu


    Full Text Available The present study examined the reading ability development of children in the large scale Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 data; Tourangeau, Nord, Lê, Pollack, & Atkins-Burnett, 2006 under the dynamic systems. To depict children's growth pattern, we extended the measurement part of latent transition analysis to the growth mixture model and found that the new model fitted the data well. Results also revealed that most of the children stayed in the same ability group with few cross-level changes in their classes. After adding the environmental factors as predictors, analyses showed that children receiving higher teachers' ratings, with higher socioeconomic status, and of above average poverty status, would have higher probability to transit into the higher ability group.

  3. The genus Macroditassa (Apocynaceae-Asclepiadoideae in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Fontanella-Pereyra


    Full Text Available A taxonomic revision of the Brazilian species of the genus Macroditassa Malme (Apocynaceae- sclepiadoideae is presented. The genus belongs to the subfamily Asclepiadoideae R.Br. ex Burnett, tribe Asclepiadeae (R.Br. Duby, subtribe Metastelmatinae Endl. ex Meisn. and is the most closely related to the Ditassa R.Br. genus. Macroditassa has 14 taxa of which 11 are found in Brazil, where they occurr in the Atlantic forest, disturbed areas, clearings and gullies, "cerrado", "cerradão", "campo rupestre",  campos" (high-altitude savannas and sandy coast plains ("restingas". In this paper the identification key of the taxa, descriptions and illustrations, data on flowering and fruiting, as well as maps showing the geographic distribution are presented.

  4. Les étudiants ont la parole : typologie des caractéristiques des activités technologiques de langue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Peters


    Full Text Available Abstract Cet article présente une recherche qualitative s’appuyant sur une analyse de construits (Kelly, 1995 réalisée auprès de 71 étudiants inscrits dans des cours de français langue seconde dans cinq universités canadiennes. Les objectifs poursuivis par cette recherche sont d’une part, de réaliser un recensement d’activités technologiques de langue tels que les étudiants les ont utilisées dans leurs cours de français et d’autres part, d’établir une catégorisation des caractéristiques de ces activités. Tout en s’inspirant de certains aspects de modèles existant (Chamberland, Lavoie, et Marquis, 1996; Burnett (2000; Poellbhuber et Boulanger (2001; Perrault (2003; Cantin (2008, cet article propose une typologie de six grands types d’activités basée sur sept continuums bipolaires. Cette typologie de caractéristiques présente des profils différents pour chaque type d’activité et offre des retombées pédagogiques avantageuses pour les professeurs de langue. This paper presents the results of a qualitative construct analysis (Kelly, 1995 survey conducted with 71 students enrolled in French as a second language courses at five Canadian universities. The objectives of this research are to conduct a census of language technological activities that students have used in their French classes and to categorize their characteristics. A typology of six major types of activities based on seven bipolar continua is proposed. This typology presents different profiles for each type of activity and provides educational tools for language teachers. The typology draws on some aspects of existing models from Chamberland, Lavoie, and Marquis (1996, Burnett (2000, Poellbhuber and Boulanger (2001, Perrault (2003 and Cantin (2008.

  5. Investigation of Submarine Groundwater Discharge along the Tidal Reach of the Caloosahatchee River, Southwest Florida (United States)

    Reich, Christopher D.


    marine water or various mixed ratios of fresh and marine water (Martin and others, 2007). In coastal areas where water-table elevations (hydraulic gradients) are steep, such as in Hood Canal, Washington (Swarzenski and others, 2007; Simonds and others, 2008), groundwater entering the coastal marine waters can be fresh (~1-4 parts per thousand, ppt). SGD in coastal locations that have low relief (low hydraulic gradients) such as the study area or other locations in Florida are typically driven by tidal pumping (Reich and others, 2002; 2008; Swarzenski and others, 2008), and water advecting into surface water is composed of recirculated marine water mixed with either fresh or brackish groundwaters. The importance of SGD in the delivery of nutrients and trace elements to coastal environments has been shown to be both beneficial and deleterious to ecosystem health (Valiela and others, 1990). The logical step in studying SGD is to map areas where SGD occurs. Methods such as continuous surface-water radon-222 (222Rn) mapping and electrical resistivity (continuous resistivity profiles, CRP) have been developed and used to identify potential SGD sites (Dulaiova and others, 2005; Swarzenski and others 2004; 2006; 2007; 2008; Reich and others, 2008). CRP data record subsurface, bulk-resistivity measurements to depths up to 25 meters (m). The bulk resistivity can be representative of changes in porewater salinity or in lithology (Reich and others, 2008; Swarzenski and others, 2008). Radon-222 (half-life = 3.28 days) is a natural tracer of groundwater, because sediments and rocks, containing uranium-bearing materials such as limestone and phosphatic material, continually produce 222Rn. Rn-222 (also referred to simply as radon) is an ideal tracer, because there is a constant source. Since radon is a gas, 222Rn does not build up in the surface water but rather evades directly to the atmosphere (Burnett and Dulaiova, 2003; Burnett and others, 2003; Dulaiova and Burnett, 2006).

  6. The Representatives of Amelanchier Medik. Genus in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Opalko Anatoliy Ivanovich


    Full Text Available The information on fruit and decorative value, honey and medicinal properties of the genus Amelanchier Medik. is generalized. Their biological characteristics, chemical composition and palatability traits of the fruit, the ways of consumption and processing, including drying, preparing juices, syrups, jams, candied fruit jellies, confiture, and fruit wine are specified. The environmental adaptability and effectiveness of using juneberry for phytomelioration are mentioned. Several versions of the origin of the genus Amelanchier name and interpretation of its specific epithets are described. The controversial issues of the genus Amelanchier system were discussed from the classical and molecular genetic approaches. The attention is focused on two main aspects of views on the place of the genus Amelanchier representatives of the family Rosaceae Juss. within the particular subfamily, namely the subfamily Pyroideae Burnett (Maloideae S. Weber or the subfamily Amygdaloideae Arn., which indicates the necessity for further comparative morphological and molecular genetic studies of the family Rosaceae. The directions of evolution, habitat and invasive ability of some species of the genus Amelanchier are characterised. The list of the genus Amelanchier representatives cultivated in Ukraine is given.

  7. Attachment's Links With Adolescents' Social Emotions: The Roles of Negative Emotionality and Emotion Regulation. (United States)

    Murphy, Tia Panfile; Laible, Deborah J; Augustine, Mairin; Robeson, Lindsay


    Recent research has attempted to explain the mechanisms through which parental attachment affects social and emotional outcomes (e.g., Burnette, Taylor, Worthington, & Forsyth, 2007 ; Panfile & Laible, 2012 ). The authors' goal was to examine negative emotionality and emotion regulation as mediators of the associations that attachment has with empathy, forgiveness, guilt, and jealousy. One hundred forty-eight adolescents reported their parental attachment security, general levels of negative emotionality and abilities to regulate emotional responses, and tendencies to feel empathy, forgiveness, guilt, and jealousy. Results revealed that attachment security was associated with higher levels of empathy, forgiveness, and guilt, but lower levels of jealousy. In addition, emotion regulation mediated the links attachment shared with both empathy and guilt, such that higher levels of attachment security were linked with greater levels of emotion regulation, which led to greater levels of empathy and guilt. Alternatively, negative emotionality mediated the links attachment shared with both forgiveness and jealousy, such that higher levels of attachment security were associated with lower levels of negative emotionality, which in turn was linked to lower levels of forgiveness and higher levels of jealousy. This study provides a general picture of how attachment security may play a role in shaping an individual's levels of social emotions.

  8. Fluid dynamic modeling and numerical simulation of low-density hypersonic flow (United States)

    Cheng, H. K.; Wong, Eric Y.


    The concept of a viscous shock-layer and several related versions of continuum theories/methods are examined for their adequacy as a viable framework to study flow physics and aerothermodynamics of relevance to sustained hypersonic flights. Considering the flat plate at angle of attack, or the wedge, as a generic example for the major aerodynamic component of a hypersonic vehicle, the relative importance of the molecular-transport effects behind the shock (in the form of the 'shock slip') and the wall-slip effects are studied. In the flow regime where the shock-transition-zone thickness remains small compared to the shock radius of curvature, a quasi-one-dimensional shock structure under the Burnett/thirteen-moment approximation, as well as particulate/collisional models, can be consistently developed. The fully viscous version of the shock-layer model is shown to provide the crucial boundary condition downstream the shock in this case. The gas-kinetic basis of the continuum description for the flow behind the bow shock, and certain features affecting the non-equilibrium flow chemistry, are also discussed.

  9. On the evolution of a two component, two temperature, fully ionised plasma in electromagnetic fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oeien, A H


    When inhomogenities and fields are not too strong, transients of distribution function, correlation functions and fields which may appear when the plasma evolves from an initial state out of equilibrium are derived, applying the multiple time scale method to the BBGKY and field equations. It is also shown that, at the end of an initial stage, kinetic equations and sets of approximate field equations will govern the evolution further on. In part II a study of the evolution further on is performed when conditions are such that distribution functions to lowest order may reach local Maxwellians with different temperatures for electrons and ions. Using the same method as above, the transient behaviour into a state where macroscopic and field equations take over the leadership in the evolution is derived, and the governing equations further on, together with correcting kinetic equations, are obtained up to an order of approximation higher than before. In part III a set of lower order and a set of higher order correcting kinetic equations from part II, which correspond partly to equations for the Chapman-Enskog and the Burnett levels of approximations, are solved qualitatively. New results for various transports of a two temperature plasma are obtained.

  10. Oxidation of PCEA nuclear graphite by low water concentrations in helium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Contescu, Cristian I., E-mail: [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6087 (United States); Mee, Robert W. [Department of Business Analytics and Statistics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0525 (United States); Wang, Peng [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6087 (United States); Romanova, Anna V.; Burchell, Timothy D. [Department of Business Analytics and Statistics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0525 (United States)


    Accelerated oxidation tests were performed to determine kinetic parameters of the chronic oxidation reaction (i.e. slow, continuous, and persistent) of PCEA graphite in contact with helium coolant containing low moisture concentrations in high temperature gas-cooled reactors. To the authors’ knowledge such a study has not been done since the detailed analysis of reaction of H-451 graphite with steam (Velasquez, Hightower, Burnette, 1978). Since that H-451 graphite is now unavailable, it is urgently needed to characterize chronic oxidation behavior of new graphite grades that are being considered for use in gas-cooled reactors. The Langmuir–Hinshelwood mechanism of carbon oxidation by water results in a non-linear reaction rate expression, with at least six different parameters. They were determined in accelerated oxidation experiments that covered a large range of temperatures (800–1100 °C), and partial pressures of water (15–850 Pa) and hydrogen (30–150 Pa) and used graphite specimens thin enough (4 mm) in order to avoid diffusion effects. Data analysis employed a statistical method based on multiple likelihood estimation of parameters and simultaneous fitting of non-linear equations. The results show significant material-specific differences between graphite grades PCEA and H-451 which were attributed to microstructural dissimilarity between the two materials. It is concluded that kinetic data cannot be transferred from one graphite grade to another.

  11. Probing gluon saturation with next-to-leading order photon production at central rapidities in proton-nucleus collisions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benić, Sanjin [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb,Zagreb 10000 (Croatia); Department of Physics, The University of Tokyo,7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Fukushima, Kenji [Department of Physics, The University of Tokyo,7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Garcia-Montero, Oscar [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Heidelberg,Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Venugopalan, Raju [Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory,Bldg. 510A, Upton, NY 11973 (United States)


    We compute the cross section for photons emitted from sea quarks in proton-nucleus collisions at collider energies. The computation is performed within the dilute-dense kinematics of the Color Glass Condensate (CGC) effective field theory. Albeit the result obtained is formally at next-to-leading order in the CGC power counting, it provides the dominant contribution for central rapidities. We observe that the inclusive photon cross section is proportional to all-twist Wilson line correlators in the nucleus. These correlators also appear in quark-pair production; unlike the latter, photon production is insensitive to hadronization uncertainties and therefore more sensitive to multi-parton correlations in the gluon saturation regime of QCD. We demonstrate that k{sub ⊥} and collinear factorized expressions for inclusive photon production are obtained as leading twist approximations to our result. In particular, the collinearly factorized expression is directly sensitive to the nuclear gluon distribution at small x. Other results of interest include the realization of the Low-Burnett-Kroll soft photon theorem in the CGC framework and a comparative study of how the photon amplitude is obtained in Lorenz and light-cone gauges.

  12. Note: A new method for directly reducing the sampling jitter noise of the digital phasemeter (United States)

    Liang, Yu-Rong


    The sampling jitter noise is one non-negligible noise source of the digital phasemeter used for space gravitational wave detection missions. This note provides a new method for directly reducing the sampling jitter noise of the digital phasemeter, by adding a dedicated signal of which the frequency, amplitude, and initial phase should be pre-set. In contrast to the phase correction using the pilot-tone in the work of Burnett, Gerberding et al., Liang et al., Ales et al., Gerberding et al., and Ware et al. [M.Sc. thesis, Luleå University of Technology, 2010; Classical Quantum Gravity 30, 235029 (2013); Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 016106 (2015); Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 084502 (2015); Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 074501 (2015); and Proceedings of the Earth Science Technology Conference (NASA, USA, 2006)], the new method is intrinsically additive noise suppression. The experiment results validate that the new method directly reduces the sampling jitter noise without data post-processing and provides the same phase measurement noise level (10-6 rad/Hz1/2 at 0.1 Hz) as the pilot-tone correction.

  13. Error estimation for CFD aeroheating prediction under rarefied flow condition (United States)

    Jiang, Yazhong; Gao, Zhenxun; Jiang, Chongwen; Lee, Chunhian


    Both direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methods have become widely used for aerodynamic prediction when reentry vehicles experience different flow regimes during flight. The implementation of slip boundary conditions in the traditional CFD method under Navier-Stokes-Fourier (NSF) framework can extend the validity of this approach further into transitional regime, with the benefit that much less computational cost is demanded compared to DSMC simulation. Correspondingly, an increasing error arises in aeroheating calculation as the flow becomes more rarefied. To estimate the relative error of heat flux when applying this method for a rarefied flow in transitional regime, theoretical derivation is conducted and a dimensionless parameter ɛ is proposed by approximately analyzing the ratio of the second order term to first order term in the heat flux expression in Burnett equation. DSMC simulation for hypersonic flow over a cylinder in transitional regime is performed to test the performance of parameter ɛ, compared with two other parameters, Knρ and MaṡKnρ.

  14. Suprapubic cystostomy for the management of urethral injuries during penile prosthesis implantation. (United States)

    Anele, Uzoma A; Le, Brian V; Burnett, Arthur L


    Urethral injury is an uncommon surgical complication of penile prosthesis (PP) surgery. Conventional dogma requires abortion of the procedure if the adjacent corporal body is involved or delayed implantation to avert device infection associated with urinary extravasation. Besides the setback of the aborted surgery, this management approach also presents the possible difficulty of encountering corporal fibrosis at the time of reoperation. We report an approach using primary urethral repair and temporary suprapubic cystostomy for the management of incidental urethral injuries in a cohort of patients allowing for successful completion of unaborted PP implantation. We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients receiving PPs from 1990 to 2014 in which incidental urethral injuries were repaired and PP implantation was completed with suprapubic cystostomy (suprapubic tube [SPT] insertion). After allowing for urethral healing and urinary diversion via SPT for 4-8 weeks, the PP was activated. Successful management was determined by the absence of perioperative complications within 6 months of implantation. We identified four cases, all receiving inflatable PPs, managed with temporary suprapubic cystostomy. These patients sustained urethral injuries during corporal dissection (one patient), corporal dilation (one patient), and penile straightening (two patients). All patients were managed safely and successfully. Primary urethral repair followed by temporary suprapubic cystostomy offers a surgical approach to complete PP implantation successfully in patients who sustain urethral injury complications, particularly for complex PP surgeries. Anele UA, Le BV, and Burnett AL. Suprapubic cystostomy for the management of urethral injuries during penile prosthesis implantation.

  15. Coherent tunneling of atoms from Bose-condensed gases at finite temperatures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luxat, David L.; Griffin, Allan


    Tunneling of atoms between two trapped Bose-condensed gases at finite temperatures is explored using a many-body linear-response tunneling formalism similar to that used in superconductors. To lowest order, the tunneling currents can be expressed quite generally in terms of the single-particle Green's functions of isolated Bose gases. A coherent first-order tunneling Josephson current between two atomic Bose-Einstein condensates is found, in addition to coherent and dissipative contributions from second-order condensate-noncondensate and noncondensate-noncondensate tunneling. Our work is a generalization of Meier and Zwerger, who recently treated tunneling between uniform atomic Bose gases. We apply our formalism to the analysis of an out-coupling experiment induced by light wave fields, using a simple Bogoliubov-Popov quasiparticle approximation for the trapped Bose gas. For tunneling into the vacuum, we recover the results of Japha, Choi, Burnett, and Band, who recently pointed out the usefulness of studying the spectrum of out-coupled atoms. In particular, we show that the small tunneling current of noncondensate atoms from a trapped Bose gas has a broad spectrum of energies, with a characteristic structure associated with the Bogoliubov quasiparticle u 2 and v 2 amplitudes

  16. Inclusive prompt photon production in electron-nucleus scattering at small x (United States)

    Roy, Kaushik; Venugopalan, Raju


    We compute the differential cross-section for inclusive prompt photon production in deeply inelastic scattering (DIS) of electrons on nuclei at small x in the framework of the Color Glass Condensate (CGC) effective theory. The leading order (LO) computation in this framework resums leading logarithms in x as well as power corrections to all orders in Q s, A 2 / Q 2, where Q s, A ( x) is the nuclear saturation scale. This LO result is proportional to universal dipole and quadrupole Wilson line correlators in the nucleus. In the soft photon limit, the Low-Burnett-Kroll theorem allows us to recover existing results on inclusive DIS dijet production. The k ⊥ and collinearly factorized expressions for prompt photon production in DIS are also recovered in a leading twist approximation to our result. In the latter case, our result corresponds to the dominant next-to-leading order (NLO) perturbative QCD contribution at small x. We next discuss the computation of the NLO corrections to inclusive prompt photon production in the CGC framework. In particular, we emphasize the advantages for higher order computations in inclusive photon production, and for fully inclusive DIS, arising from the simple momentum space structure of the dressed quark and gluon "shock wave" propagators in the "wrong" light cone gauge A - = 0 for a nucleus moving with P N + → ∞.

  17. A factorization approach to next-to-leading-power threshold logarithms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonocore, D. [Nikhef,Science Park 105, NL-1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands); Laenen, E. [Nikhef,Science Park 105, NL-1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands); ITFA, University of Amsterdam,Science Park 904, Amsterdam (Netherlands); ITF, Utrecht University,Leuvenlaan 4, Utrecht (Netherlands); Magnea, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Torino and INFN, Sezione di Torino,Via P. Giuria 1, I-10125, Torino (Italy); Melville, S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow,Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Vernazza, L. [Higgs Centre for Theoretical Physics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh,Edinburgh, EH9 3JZ, Scotland (United Kingdom); White, C.D. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow,Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)


    Threshold logarithms become dominant in partonic cross sections when the selected final state forces gluon radiation to be soft or collinear. Such radiation factorizes at the level of scattering amplitudes, and this leads to the resummation of threshold logarithms which appear at leading power in the threshold variable. In this paper, we consider the extension of this factorization to include effects suppressed by a single power of the threshold variable. Building upon the Low-Burnett-Kroll-Del Duca (LBKD) theorem, we propose a decomposition of radiative amplitudes into universal building blocks, which contain all effects ultimately responsible for next-to-leading-power (NLP) threshold logarithms in hadronic cross sections for electroweak annihilation processes. In particular, we provide a NLO evaluation of the radiative jet function, responsible for the interference of next-to-soft and collinear effects in these cross sections. As a test, using our expression for the amplitude, we reproduce all abelian-like NLP threshold logarithms in the NNLO Drell-Yan cross section, including the interplay of real and virtual emissions. Our results are a significant step towards developing a generally applicable resummation formalism for NLP threshold effects, and illustrate the breakdown of next-to-soft theorems for gauge theory amplitudes at loop level.

  18. Logarithmic temporal axis manipulation and its application for measuring auditory contributions in F0 control using a transformed auditory feedback procedure (United States)

    Yanaga, Ryuichiro; Kawahara, Hideki


    A new parameter extraction procedure based on logarithmic transformation of the temporal axis was applied to investigate auditory effects on voice F0 control to overcome artifacts due to natural fluctuations and nonlinearities in speech production mechanisms. The proposed method may add complementary information to recent findings reported by using frequency shift feedback method [Burnett and Larson, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 112 (2002)], in terms of dynamic aspects of F0 control. In a series of experiments, dependencies of system parameters in F0 control on subjects, F0 and style (musical expressions and speaking) were tested using six participants. They were three male and three female students specialized in musical education. They were asked to sustain a Japanese vowel /a/ for about 10 s repeatedly up to 2 min in total while hearing F0 modulated feedback speech, that was modulated using an M-sequence. The results replicated qualitatively the previous finding [Kawahara and Williams, Vocal Fold Physiology, (1995)] and provided more accurate estimates. Relations with designing an artificial singer also will be discussed. [Work partly supported by the grant in aids in scientific research (B) 14380165 and Wakayama University.

  19. Landscape and land use history of Eurajoki between 1840 and 2007: Analysis of geographical data and landscape transformation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koistinen, T.; Kaeyhkoe, N.


    Posiva and the University of Turku Laboratory of Computer Cartography (UTU-LCC) agreed in 2010-2011 to conduct a joint research project about the development of the landscape of Eurajoki municipal. The project included transformation of digital historical cadastral maps into spatial data that can be analyzed and visualized with desktop GIS (Geographic Information Systems). Posiva is going to use the historical spatial data created in this project in their next Biosphere Description -report. Titta Koistinen (BSc) from the department of Geography and Geology produced and analyzed the data and docent Niina Kaeyhkoe (University of Turku), Jani Helin (MSc) and Ari Ikonen (MSc) supervised the work. The used methods and fundamental results of the project are represented in this report. The research about the transformation of the rural landscape of Eurajoki is going to continue in the Master's Thesis of Titta Koistinen. When studing scenarios and possible future landscapes of an area, the past landscape has an integral role. In addition historical maps have a key role in landscape transformation studies because they offer spatial data, information about the landscape features and land use of man, from the earlier decades and centuries. In Finland cadastral maps span as far as to the 17th century. Unfortunately this time scale covers only part of the country. Transforming of historical cartographic data into digital spatial data includes many concerns and requires caution. However when the process is conducted well, historical spatial data can provide new possibilities in analyzing, modelling and visualizing of the landscape change and dynamics. In addition transformation to digital spatial data is the only way historical landscape information can be used together with modern spatial data products. In this report the whole transformation process of the digital cadastral maps into vectorized spatial data is depicted. This includes interpritation of the used maps

  20. Acoustic and Seismic Dispersion in Complex Fluids and Solids (United States)

    Goddard, Joe


    The first part of the present paper is the continuation of a previous work [3] on the effects of higher spatial gradients and temporal relaxation on stress and heat flux in complex fluids. In particular, the general linear theory is applied to acoustic dispersion, extending a simpler model proposed by Davis and Brenner [2]. The theory is applied to a linearized version of the Chapman-Enskog fluid [1] valid to terms of Burnett order and including Maxwell-Cataneo relaxation of stress and heat flux on relaxation time scales τ. For this model, the dispersion relation k(ω) giving spatial wave number k as function of temporal frequency ω is a cubic in k2, in contrast to the quadratic in k2 given by the classical model and the recently proposed modification [2]. The cubic terms are shown to be important only for ωτ = O(1) where Maxwell-Cataneo relaxation is also important. As a second part of the present work, it is shown how the above model can also be applied to isotropic solids, where both shear and pressure waves are important. Finally, consideration is given to hyperstress in micro- polar continua, including both graded and micro-morphic varieties. [1]S. Chapman and T. Cowling. The mathematical theory of non-uniform gases. Cambridge University Press, [Cambridge, UK], 1960. [2]A. M.J. Davis and H. Brenner. Thermal and viscous effects on sound waves: revised classical theory. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 132(5):2963-9, 2012. [3] J.D. Goddard. On material velocities and non-locality in the thermo-mechanics of continua. Int. J. Eng. Sci., 48(11):1279-88, 2010.

  1. Tay-Sachs disease: current perspectives from Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lew RM


    Full Text Available Raelia M Lew,1,7 Leslie Burnett,2,3,4 Anné L Proos,2 Martin B Delatycki5,6 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, QEII Research Institute for Mothers and Infants, The University of Sydney, Australia; 2NSW Health Pathology North, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, Australia; 3SEALS, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, Australia; 4Sydney Medical School-Northern, Royal North Shore Hospital E25, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia; 5Department of Clinical Genetics, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Australia; 6Bruce Lefroy Centre for Genetic Health Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Australia; 7Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Dentistry and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia Abstract: Tay-Sachs disease (TSD is a fatal, recessively inherited neurodegenerative condition of infancy and early childhood. Although rare in most other populations, the carrier frequency is one in 25 in Ashkenazi Jews. Australian high-school-based TSD preconception genetic screening programs aim to screen, educate, and optimize reproductive choice for participants. These programs have demonstrated high uptake, low psychological morbidity, and have been shown to result in fewer than expected Jewish TSD-affected births over 18 years of operation. The majority of Jewish individuals of reproductive age outside of the high school screening program setting in Australia have not accessed screening. Recent recommendations advocate supplementing the community high school screening programs with general practitioner- and obstetrician-led genetic screening of Ashkenazi Jewish individuals for TSD and other severe recessive diseases for which this group is at risk. Massively parallel DNA sequencing is expected to become the testing modality of choice over the coming years. Keywords: Tay-Sachs disease, genetic screening, Australia

  2. « Vous semez de la ciguë et prétendez voir mûrir des épis! » (Machiavel : polar et anthropologie urbaine à Chicago à l’âge de la prohibition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benoît TADIÉ


    Full Text Available En partant de quelques œuvres-clé (en particulier The Gang, de Frederic Thrasher, 1927 ; Little Caesar de W. R. Burnett, 1929, cet article vise à mettre en lumière les affinités épistémologiques de l’Ecole de Chicago et du polar américain des années 1920. A travers l’étude comparée de ces deux corpus, il suggère que ces affinités ne relèvent pas d’une simple coïncidence mais d’une vision commune de la ville. Celle-ci se traduit notamment par une même approche de la criminalité, envisagée à la fois comme une construction narrative et comme phénomène historique, géographique et social.Starting from a few key works (in particular Frederic Thrasher’s The Gang, 1927, and W. R. Burnett’s Little Caesar, 1929, this article attempts to shed light on the epistemological affinities between the Chicago school of urban sociology and American urban crime fiction in the 1920s. Through a comparative study of these two corpuses, it suggests that these affinities result not from coincidence but from a common vision of the city. This, in particular, comes out in the similar treatment of urban crime, seen both as a narrative construction and as a historical, geographical and social phenomenon.

  3. In vivo Study of the Accuracy of Dual-arch Impressions. (United States)

    de Lima, Luciana Martinelli Santayana; Borges, Gilberto Antonio; Junior, Luiz Henrique Burnett; Spohr, Ana Maria


    This study evaluated in vivo the accuracy of metal (Smart®) and plastic (Triple Tray®) dual-arch trays used with vinyl polysiloxane (Flexitime®), in the putty/wash viscosity, as well as polyether (Impregum Soft®) in the regular viscosity. In one patient, an implant-level transfer was screwed on an implant in the mandibular right first molar, serving as a pattern. Ten impressions were made with each tray and impression material. The impressions were poured with Type IV gypsum. The width and height of the pattern and casts were measured in a profile projector (Nikon). The results were submitted to Student's t-test for one sample (α = 0.05). For the width distance, the plastic dual-arch trays with vinyl polysiloxane (4.513 mm) and with polyether (4.531 mm) were statistically wider than the pattern (4.489 mm). The metal dual-arch tray with vinyl polysiloxane (4.504 mm) and with polyether (4.500 mm) did not differ statistically from the pattern. For the height distance, only the metal dual-arch tray with polyether (2.253 mm) differed statistically from the pattern (2.310 mm). The metal dual-arch tray with vinyl polysiloxane, in the putty/wash viscosities, reproduced casts with less distortion in comparison with the same technique with the plastic dual-arch tray. The plastic or metal dual-arch trays with polyether reproduced cast with greater distortion. How to cite the article: Santayana de Lima LM, Borges GA, Burnett LH Jr, Spohr AM. In vivo study of the accuracy of dual-arch impressions. J Int Oral Health 2014;6(3):50-5.

  4. Just-in-Time Feedback in Diet and Physical Activity Interventions: Systematic Review and Practical Design Framework. (United States)

    Schembre, Susan M; Liao, Yue; Robertson, Michael C; Dunton, Genevieve Fridlund; Kerr, Jacqueline; Haffey, Meghan E; Burnett, Taylor; Basen-Engquist, Karen; Hicklen, Rachel S


    The integration of body-worn sensors with mobile devices presents a tremendous opportunity to improve just-in-time behavioral interventions by enhancing bidirectional communication between investigators and their participants. This approach can be used to deliver supportive feedback at critical moments to optimize the attainment of health behavior goals. The goals of this systematic review were to summarize data on the content characteristics of feedback messaging used in diet and physical activity (PA) interventions and to develop a practical framework for designing just-in-time feedback for behavioral interventions. Interventions that included just-in-time feedback on PA, sedentary behavior, or dietary intake were eligible for inclusion. Feedback content and efficacy data were synthesized descriptively. The review included 31 studies (15/31, 48%, targeting PA or sedentary behavior only; 13/31, 42%, targeting diet and PA; and 3/31, 10%, targeting diet only). All studies used just-in-time feedback, 30 (97%, 30/31) used personalized feedback, and 24 (78%, 24/31) used goal-oriented feedback, but only 5 (16%, 5/31) used actionable feedback. Of the 9 studies that tested the efficacy of providing feedback to promote behavior change, 4 reported significant improvements in health behavior. In 3 of these 4 studies, feedback was continuously available, goal-oriented, or actionable. Feedback that was continuously available, personalized, and actionable relative to a known behavioral objective was prominent in intervention studies with significant behavior change outcomes. Future research should determine whether all or some of these characteristics are needed to optimize the effect of feedback in just-in-time interventions. ©Susan M Schembre, Yue Liao, Michael C Robertson, Genevieve Fridlund Dunton, Jacqueline Kerr, Meghan E Haffey, Taylor Burnett, Karen Basen-Engquist, Rachel S Hicklen. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http

  5. Serum-derived bovine immunoglobulin/ protein isolate: postulated mechanism of action for management of enteropathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petschow BW


    Full Text Available Bryon W Petschow, Bruce Burnett, Audrey L Shaw, Eric M Weaver, Gerald L Klein Entera Health, Inc., Cary, NC, USA Abstract: The health and performance of the gastrointestinal tract is influenced by the interaction of a variety of factors, including diet, nutritional status, genetics, environment, stress, the intestinal microbiota, immune status, and gut barrier. Disruptions in one or more of these factors can lead to enteropathy or intestinal disorders that are known to occur in concert with certain disease states or conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infection. Nutritional support in the form of a medical food along with current therapies could help manage the adverse effects of enteropathy, which include effects on nutrient digestion, absorption, and metabolism, as well as utilization of nutrients from foodstuffs. Numerous studies have demonstrated that oral administration of plasma- or serum-derived protein concentrates containing high levels of immunoglobulins can improve weight management, normalize gut barrier function, and reduce the severity of enteropathy in animals. Recent trials in humans provide preliminary evidence that a serum-derived bovine immunoglobulin/protein isolate is safe and improves symptoms, nutritional status, and various biomarkers associated with enteropathy in patients with HIV infection or diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. This review summarizes data from preclinical and clinical studies with immunoglobulin-containing plasma/serum protein concentrates, with a focus on the postulated mode of action of serum-derived bovine immunoglobulin/protein isolate for patients with enteropathy. Keywords: bovine immunoglobulins, nutrient, gut barrier, microbiota

  6. Evolutionary Transgenomics: prospects and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raul eCorrea


    Full Text Available AbstractMany advances in our understanding of the genetic basis of species differences have arisen from transformation experiments, which allow us to study the effect of genes from one species (the donor when placed in the genetic background of another species (the recipient. Such interspecies transformation experiments are usually focused on candidate genes – genes that, based on work in model systems, are suspected to be responsible for certain phenotypic differences between the donor and recipient species. We suggest that the high efficiency of transformation in a few plant species, most notably Arabidopsis thaliana, combined with the small size of typical plant genes and their cis-regulatory regions allow implementation of a screening strategy that does not depend upon a priori candidate gene identification. This approach, transgenomics, entails moving many large genomic inserts of a donor species into the wild type background of a recipient species and then screening for dominant phenotypic effects. As a proof of concept, we recently conducted a transgenomic screen that analyzed more than 1100 random, large genomic inserts of the Alabama gladecress Leavenworthia alabamica for dominant phenotypic effects in the A. thaliana background. This screen identified one insert that shortens fruit and decreases A. thaliana fertility. In this paper we discuss the principles of transgenomic screens and suggest methods to help minimize the frequencies of false positive and false negative results. We argue that, because transgenomics avoids committing in advance to candidate genes it has the potential to help us identify truly novel genes or cryptic functions of known genes. Given the valuable knowledge that is likely to be gained, we believe the time is ripe for the plant evolutionary community to invest in transgenomic screens, at least in the mustard family Brassicaceae Burnett where many species are amenable to efficient transformation.

  7. Particulate Air Pollution, Exceptional Aging, and Rates of Centenarians: A Nationwide Analysis of the United States, 1980-2010. (United States)

    Baccarelli, Andrea A; Hales, Nick; Burnett, Richard T; Jerrett, Michael; Mix, Carter; Dockery, Douglas W; Pope, C Arden


    Exceptional aging, defined as reaching age 85 years, shows geographic inequalities that may depend on local environmental conditions. Links between particulate pollution-a well-recognized environmental risk factor-and exceptional aging have not been investigated. We conducted a nationwide analysis of ~28 million adults in 3,034 United States counties to determine whether local PM2.5 levels (particulate matter migration variables. On average, 2,295 and 71.4 per 10,000 of the 55- to 64- and 70- to 74-year-olds in 1980, respectively, remained in the 85- to 94- and 100- to 104-year-old population in 2010. An interquartile range (4.19 μg/m3) increase in PM2.5 was associated with 93.7 fewer 85- to 94-year-olds (p national standard. Exceptional aging was strongly associated with smoking, with an interquartile range (4.77%) increase in population who smoked associated with 181.9 fewer 85- to 94-year-olds (p income. Communities with the most exceptional aging have low ambient air pollution and low rates of smoking, poverty, and obesity. Improvements in these determinants may contribute to increasing exceptional aging. Citation: Baccarelli AA, Hales N, Burnett RT, Jerrett M, Mix C, Dockery DW, Pope CA III. 2016. Particulate air pollution, exceptional aging, and rates of centenarians: a nationwide analysis of the United States, 1980-2010. Environ Health Perspect 124:1744-1750;

  8. Measurement-induced localization of relative degrees of freedom

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cable, Hugo; Knight, Peter L.; Rudolph, Terry


    We present a comprehensive study, using both analytical and numerical methods, of measurement-induced localization of relational degrees of freedom. Looking first at the interference of two optical modes, we find that the localization of the relative phase can be as good for mixed states--in particular, for two initially Poissonian or thermal states--as for the well-known case of two Fock states. In a realistic setup the localization for mixed states is robust and experimentally accessible, and we discuss applications to superselection rules. For an ideal setup we show how a relational Schroedinger cat state emerges and investigate circumstances under which such a state is destroyed. In our second example we consider the localization of relative atomic phase between two Bose Einstein condensates, looking particularly at the build up of spatial interference patterns, an area which has attracted much attention since the work of Javanainen and Yoo. We show that the relative phase localizes much faster than was intimated in previous studies focusing on the emerging interference pattern itself. Finally, we explore the localization of relative spatial parameters discussed in recent work by Rau, Dunningham, and Burnett. We retain their models of indistinguishable scattering but make different assumptions. In particular we consider the case of a real distant observer monitoring light scattering off two particles, who records events only from a narrow field of view. The localization is only partial regardless of the number of observations. This paper contributes to the wider debate on relationism in quantum mechanics, which treats fundamental concepts - reference frames and conservation laws - from a fully quantum and operational perspective

  9. Development of a concrete placement device for support of abandoned mines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burnett, M.; Burnett, J.M.; El-Korchi, T.


    Burnett Associates, Inc. (BAI), under contract to the US Bureau of Mines, has developed a reliable and cost effective method of remote placement of point support columns in abandoned mines through boreholes to provide local support, especially under surface structures in subsidence prone areas. The development of the system to remotely build a concrete support cylinder in an abandoned mine required the coordination of mechanical system and concrete design. The mechanical system was designed to remote place concrete in a cylindrical shape. The concrete was designed to meet the requirements of low slump with high enough strength to resist the forces applied by the ground above mine. The support cylinder is fabricated through an 8-inch borehole by pumping concrete through a second 4-in pipe inside the borehole. The 4-in pipe has a flexible trunk on the lower end that is bent from the surface when it is inside the mine void. When pumping starts, the 4-in pipe is rotated and a spiral of concrete is placed on the mine floor. Operation continues until the concrete seals at the roof. A normal weight concrete as recommended by ACI 211 having a maximum slump of 1--2 in, a maximum coarse aggregate size of 1/2 in, and a minimum compressive strength of 5,000 psi was used. Cylinders have been fabricated to roof heights of 6 ft. There does not appear to be a technical height limitation. The concrete cylinder can support up to 40 x 10 6 lbs when fully cured and filled with gravel, depending on cylinder diameter

  10. Cellular assessment of muscle in COPD: case studies of two males

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard J Green


    Full Text Available Howard J Green1, Eric Bombardier1, Margaret E Burnett1, Christine L D’Arsigny2, Sobia Iqbal1, Katherine A Webb2, Jing Ouyang1, Denis E O’Donnell21Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada; 2Division of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, CanadaAbstract: The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the recent developments in muscle physiology and biochemistry in general, and with respect to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD specifically. As a way of illustration, we have presented data on the remodeling that occurs in vastus lateralis in two patients with COPD (COPD #1, forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity [FEV1/FVC] = 63%; COPD #2, FEV1/FVC = 41% exhibiting differences in muscle wasting as compared to healthy controls (CON;FEV1/FVC = 111 ± 2.2%, n = 4. Type I fibers percentages were lower in both COPD #1 (16.7 and COPD #2 (24.9 compared to CON (57.3 ± 5.2. Cross sectional area of the type I fibers of the patients ranged between 65%–68% of CON and for the type II subtypes (IIA, IIAX, IIX between 74% and 89% (COPD #1 and 17%–32% (COPD #2. A lower number of capillary contacts were observed for all fiber types in COPD #1 but not COPD #2. Lower concentrations of adenosine triphosphate (ATP (24%–26% and phosphocreatine (18%–20%, but not lactate occurred in COPD. In contrast to COPD #1, who displayed normal glucose transporter content, GLUT1 and GLUT4 were only 71% and 54%, respectively of CON in COPD #2. Lower monocarboxylate contents were found for MCT1 in both COPD #1 (63% and COPD #2 (41% and for MCT4 (78% in COPD #1. Maximal oxidative enzyme activities (Vmax for COPD #2 ranged between 37% (succinic dehydrogenase and 70% (cytochrome C oxidase of CON. For the cytosolic enzymes, Vmax ranged between 89% (hexokinase to 31% (pyruvate kinase of CON. Depressions were also observed in Vmax of the Na

  11. Examination of instructional strategies: Secondary science teachers of mainstreamed English language learners in two high schools in southern New England (United States)

    Yangambi, Matthieu Wakalewae


    Increasingly, English Language Learners (ELLs) are mainstreamed in science classes. As a result, science teachers must assume responsibility for these students' education. Currently, state tests show a wide performance gap between ELLs and non-ELLs in science and other content area courses. For instance, the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAS) shows a two years average performance of 6% for ELLs and 33% for non-ELLs in English Language Arts (ELA), Mathematics, and Science and Technology, a 27% performance gap (Lachat, 2000). The use of research based effective teaching strategies for ELLs is indispensable in order to meet ELLs' learning needs (Jarret, 1999). The purpose of this study was to determine if differences exist between ELLs and non-ELLs regarding instructional strategies that secondary science teachers employ. Four areas were examined: instructional strategies mainstreamed ELLs and non-ELLs report as being most frequently employed by their science teachers, instructional strategies ELLs and non-ELLs consider most effective in their learning, the existing differences between ELLs and non-ELLs in the rating of effectiveness of instructional strategies their teachers currently practice, and factors impacting ELLs and non-ELLs' performance on high-stakes tests. This study was conducted in two urban high schools in Southern New England. The sample (N = 71) was based on the non-probability sampling technique known as convenience sampling from students registered in science classes. The questionnaire was designed based on research-based effective teaching strategies (Burnette, 1999; Ortiz, 1997), using a Likert-type scale. Several findings were of importance. First, ELLs and non-ELLs reported similar frequency of use of effective instructional strategies by teachers. However, ELLs and non-ELLs identified different preferences for strategies. Whereas non-ELLs preferred connecting learning to real life situations, ELLs rated that strategy as least

  12. Prevalence of Unique Pediatric Pathologies Encountered by Paramedic Students Across Age Groups. (United States)

    Ernest, Eric V; Brazelton, Tom B; Carhart, Elliot D; Studnek, Jonathan R; Tritt, Patricia L; Philip, Genghis A; Burnett, Aaron M


    abdominal pain and behavioral/psych increased. Bimodal distributions for overdose were seen with one spike in the toddler and another in the adolescent population. Seizures were most common in the age group associated with febrile seizure. Sepsis was seen most often in the youngest patients and its prevalence decreased with age. There are statistically significant variations in the frequency of paramedic student primary impressions as a function of age in the pediatric population. Emphasizing paramedic student exposure to the most common pathologies encountered in each age group, in the context of the psychological and physiological milestones of each age, may improve paramedic student pediatric practice. Ernest EV , Brazelton TB , Carhart ED , Studnek JR , Tritt PL , Philip GA , Burnett AM . Prevalence of unique pediatric pathologies encountered by paramedic students across age groups. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016; 31(4):386-391.

  13. Using the Flipchem Photochemistry Model When Fitting Incoherent Scatter Radar Data (United States)

    Reimer, A. S.; Varney, R. H.


    The North face Resolute Bay Incoherent Scatter Radar (RISR-N) routinely images the dynamics of the polar ionosphere, providing measurements of the plasma density, electron temperature, ion temperature, and line of sight velocity with seconds to minutes time resolution. RISR-N does not directly measure ionospheric parameters, but backscattered signals, recording them as voltage samples. Using signal processing techniques, radar autocorrelation functions (ACF) are estimated from the voltage samples. A model of the signal ACF is then fitted to the ACF using non-linear least-squares techniques to obtain the best-fit ionospheric parameters. The signal model, and therefore the fitted parameters, depend on the ionospheric ion composition that is used [e.g. Zettergren et. al. (2010), Zou et. al. (2017)].The software used to process RISR-N ACF data includes the "flipchem" model, which is an ion photochemistry model developed by Richards [2011] that was adapted from the Field LineInterhemispheric Plasma (FLIP) model. Flipchem requires neutral densities, neutral temperatures, electron density, ion temperature, electron temperature, solar zenith angle, and F10.7 as inputs to compute ion densities, which are input to the signal model. A description of how the flipchem model is used in RISR-N fitting software will be presented. Additionally, a statistical comparison of the fitted electron density, ion temperature, electron temperature, and velocity obtained using a flipchem ionosphere, a pure O+ ionosphere, and a Chapman O+ ionosphere will be presented. The comparison covers nearly two years of RISR-N data (April 2015 - December 2016). Richards, P. G. (2011), Reexamination of ionospheric photochemistry, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A08307, doi:10.1029/2011JA016613.Zettergren, M., Semeter, J., Burnett, B., Oliver, W., Heinselman, C., Blelly, P.-L., and Diaz, M.: Dynamic variability in F-region ionospheric composition at auroral arc boundaries, Ann. Geophys., 28, 651-664, https

  14. Distinguishing Failure to Cure From Complication After Penile Prosthesis Implantation. (United States)

    Pineda, Miguel; Burnett, Arthur L


    assessments can vary greatly from what physicians determine to be successful PPI. An assessment of POPs encompasses more than just complication rates; it also reflects FTC. Even when POPs occur, patients can still derive satisfaction if they are correctively managed. Factors that possibly predispose to POPs include previous PPI surgery, body mass index greater than 30 kg/m 2 , and history of intracorporal injections. Pineda M, Burnett AL. Distinguishing Failure to Cure From Complication After Penile Prosthesis Implantation. J Sex Med 2017;14:731-737. Copyright © 2017 International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Designing and analysis study of uranium enrichment with gas centrifuge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tsunetoshi Kai


    This note concerns a designing and analysis study of uranium enrichment with a gas centrifuge. At first, one dimensional model is presented and a conventional analytical method is applied to grasp the general idea of a centrifuge performance. Secondly, two-dimensional numerical method is adopted to describe the diffusion phenomena with assumption of simple flow patterns. Parametric surveys are made on the dimension of a centrifuge rotor, the gas feed, withdrawal and circulation system, and operation variables such as feed flow rate, cut and so on. Thirdly, full numerical solutions are obtained for the flow and diffusion equations in static state, using a modified version of the Newton method without neglect of any non-linear term. The numerical results are compared with the experimental data made by Beams et al. and Zippe, and found to be in good agreement. Further, the theoretical pressure and separative power are compared respectively with experimental ones on a comparatively recent centrifuge. The results reveal that the characteristics of separation performance of a centrifuge can be fully described by the present method. Some of inevitable problems are tackled regarding UF 6 gas isotope separation by centrifugation. To examine the influence of the extraneous light gas, the diffusion equations for ternary mixture are solved and also the flow field of binary mixture with large mass difference is obtained to simultaneously solve the Navier-Stokes equations and the diffusion equation.for binary case. Since the gas in the interior region of the rotor is so rarefied that the Navier-Stokes equations cease to be valid, the Burnett equations are solved.for gas flow in a rotating cylinder. Considering that the uranium recovered at a reprocessing plant includes 236 U besides 235 U and 238 U, the concentration distributions of the ternary gas isotopes are determined and a value function is defined for the evaluation of separative work for the multi-component mixture

  16. Global burden of mortalities due to chronic exposure to ambient PM2.5 from open combustion of domestic waste (United States)

    Kodros, John K.; Wiedinmyer, Christine; Ford, Bonne; Cucinotta, Rachel; Gan, Ryan; Magzamen, Sheryl; Pierce, Jeffrey R.


    Uncontrolled combustion of domestic waste has been observed in many countries, creating concerns for air quality; however, the health implications have not yet been quantified. We incorporate the Wiedinmyer et al (2014 Environ. Sci. Technol. 48 9523-30) emissions inventory into the global chemical-transport model, GEOS-Chem, and provide a first estimate of premature adult mortalities from chronic exposure to ambient PM2.5 from uncontrolled combustion of domestic waste. Using the concentration-response functions (CRFs) of Burnett et al (2014 Environ. Health Perspect. 122 397-403), we estimate that waste-combustion emissions result in 270 000 (5th-95th: 213 000-328 000) premature adult mortalities per year. The confidence interval results only from uncertainty in the CRFs and assumes equal toxicity of waste-combustion PM2.5 to all other PM2.5 sources. We acknowledge that this result is likely sensitive to choice of chemical-transport model, CRFs, and emission inventories. Our central estimate equates to 9% of adult mortalities from exposure to ambient PM2.5 reported in the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Exposure to PM2.5 from waste combustion increases the risk of premature mortality by more than 0.5% for greater than 50% of the population. We consider sensitivity simulations to uncertainty in waste-combustion emission mass, the removal of waste-combustion emissions, and model resolution. A factor-of-2 uncertainty in waste-combustion PM2.5 leads to central estimates ranging from 138 000 to 518 000 mortalities per year for factors-of-2 reductions and increases, respectively. Complete removal of waste combustion would only avoid 191 000 (5th-95th: 151 000-224 000) mortalities per year (smaller than the total contributed premature mortalities due to nonlinear CRFs). Decreasing model resolution from 2° × 2.5° to 4° × 5° results in 16% fewer mortalities attributed to waste-combustion PM2.5, and over Asia, decreasing resolution from 0.5° × 0.666° to 2° × 2

  17. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV


    Full Text Available -Philip D. Morgan, Marcus Wood, Blind memory: Visual representations of slavery in England and America 1780-1865. New York: Routledge, 2000. xxi + 341 pp. -Rosemarijn Hoefte, Ron Ramdin, Arising from bondage: A history of the Indo-Caribbean people. New York: New York University Press, 2000. x + 387 pp. -Flávio dos Santos Gomes, David Eltis, The rise of African slavery in the Americas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. xvii + 353 pp. -Peter Redfield, D. Graham Burnett, Masters of all they surveyed: Exploration, geography, and a British El Dorado. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000. xv + 298 pp. -Bernard Moitt, Eugenia O'Neal, From the field to the legislature: A history of women in the Virgin Islands. Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 2001. xiii + 150 pp. -Allen M. Howard, Nemata Amelia Blyden, West Indians in West Africa, 1808-1880: The African Diaspora in reverse. Rochester NY: University of Rochester Press, 2000. xi + 258 pp. -Michaeline A. Crichlow, Kari Levitt, The George Beckford papers. Kingston: Canoe Press, 2000. lxxi + 468 pp. -Michaeline A. Crichlow, Audley G. Reid, Community formation; A study of the 'village' in postemancipation Jamaica. Kingston: Canoe Press, 2000. xvi + 156 pp. -Linden Lewis, Brian Meeks, Narratives of resistance: Jamaica, Trinidad, the Caribbean. Kingston: University of the West Indies Press, 2000. xviii + 240 pp. -Roderick A. McDonald, Bridget Brereton, Law, justice, and empire: The colonial career of John Gorrie, 1829-1892. Kingston: University of the West Indies Press, 1997. xx + 371 pp. -Karl Watson, Gary Lewis, White rebel: The life and times of TT Lewis. Kingston: University of the West Indies Press, 1999. xxvii + 214 pp. -Mary Turner, Armando Lampe, Mission or submission? Moravian and Catholic missionaries in the Dutch Caribbean during the nineteenth century. Göttingen, FRG: Vandenburg & Ruprecht, 2001. 244 pp. -O. Nigel Bolland, Anton L. Allahar, Caribbean charisma: Reflections on

  18. Methods of geodiversity assessment and theirs application (United States)

    Zwoliński, Zbigniew; Najwer, Alicja; Giardino, Marco


    The concept of geodiversity has rapidly gained the approval of scientists around the world (Wiedenbein 1993, Sharples 1993, Kiernan 1995, 1996, Dixon 1996, Eberhard 1997, Kostrzewski 1998, 2011, Gray 2004, 2008, 2013, Zwoliński 2004, Serrano, Ruiz- Flano 2007, Gordon et al. 2012). However, the problem recognition is still at an early stage, and in effect not explicitly understood and defined (Najwer, Zwoliński 2014). Nevertheless, despite widespread use of the concept, little progress has been made in its assessment and mapping. Less than the last decade can be observing investigation of methods for geodiversity assessment and its visualisation. Though, many have acknowledged the importance of geodiversity evaluation (Kozłowski 2004, Gray 2004, Reynard, Panizza 2005, Zouros 2007, Pereira et al. 2007, Hjort et al. 2015). Hitherto, only a few authors have undertaken that kind of methodological issues. Geodiversity maps are being created for a variety of purposes and therefore their methods are quite manifold. In the literature exists some examples of the geodiversity maps applications for the geotourism purpose, basing mainly on the geological diversity, in order to point the scale of the area's tourist attractiveness (Zwoliński 2010, Serrano and Gonzalez Trueba 2011, Zwoliński and Stachowiak 2012). In some studies, geodiversity maps were created and applied to investigate the spatial or genetic relationships with the richness of particular natural environmental components (Burnett et al. 1998, Silva 2004, Jačková, Romportl 2008, Hjort et al. 2012, 2015, Mazurek et al. 2015, Najwer et al. 2014). There are also a few examples of geodiversity assessment in order to geoconservation and efficient management and planning of the natural protected areas (Serrano and Gonzalez Trueba 2011, Pellitero et al. 2011, 2014, Jaskulska et al. 2013, Melelli 2014, Martinez-Grana et al. 2015). The most popular method of assessing the diversity of abiotic components of the natural

  19. Aspect-Driven Changes in Slope Stability Due to Ecohydrologic Feedbacks (United States)

    Poulos, M. J.; Pierce, J. L.; Flores, A. N.; Benner, S. G.; Smith, T. J.; McNamara, J. P.


    Seasonally integrated variation in insolation drives feedbacks among evapotranspiration, soil moisture, weathering, and erosion that lead to pronounced contrasts in slope angles and vegetation on north and south-facing hillslopes. Spatial variations in insolation associated with north-south contrasts in topographic aspect leads to corresponding variation in local microclimates and ecohydrologic regimes that, in turn, impact spatial patterns of weathering and erosion, ultimately impacting slope angles on north and south-facing slopes. Aspect-sensitive environments appear to be poised on a balance point between ecohydrologic systems, and may be especially susceptible to climate change. In the semi-arid Colorado Plateau of northeastern Arizona, cliffs often form on south-facing slopes where soil moisture is insufficient for weathering of clay-cemented sandstone that is susceptible to hydration. In contrast, cliffs are rare on northerly slopes, which are dominated by mantles of weathered sandstone and colluvium (Burnett et al., 2008, doi:10.1029/2007JF000789). However, in semi-arid regions of the Idaho Batholith, preliminary results indicate some north-facing slopes are significantly steeper than south-facing slopes. We hypothesize that in semi-arid areas with observable increases in vegetation on north vs. south-facing slopes, north-facing slopes will be steeper due to increased soil cohesion, increased capture of wind-borne loess due to vegetative wind-baffling, and differences in the type and magnitude of erosive processes. In moister areas where aspect does not visibly control vegetation type and density, differences in slope angles with aspect should not be observed. We investigate tectonically quiescent regions of the mostly-homogenous granodioritic Idaho Batholith to locate areas sensitive to aspect-induced variations in insolation and compare slope characteristics on north and south-facing slopes. Hillslopes within the Dry Creek Experimental Watershed, in the

  20. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV


    . x + 406 pp. -Jerome Teelucksingh, O. Nigel Bolland, The politics of labour in the British Caribbean: The social origins of authoritarianism and democracy in the labour movement. Kingston: Ian Randle; Princeton NJ: Marcus Weiner, 2001. xxii + 720 pp. -Jay R. Mandle, Randolph B. Persaud, Counter-Hegemony and foreign policy: The dialectics of marginalized and global forces in Jamaica. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001. xviii + 248 pp. -Patrick Bellegarde-Smith, Mary A. Renda, Taking Haiti: Military occupation and the culture of U.S. imperialism, 1915-1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001. xvi + 414 pp. -James W. St. G. Walker, Maureen G. Elgersman, Unyielding spirits: Black women and slavery in early Canada and Jamaica. New York: Garland, 1999. xvii + 188 pp. -Madhavi Kale, David Hollett, Passage from India to El Dorado: Guyana and the great migration. Madison NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1999. 325 pp. -Karen S. Dhanda, Linda Peake ,Gender, ethnicity and place: Women and identities in Guyana. London: Routledge, 1999. xii + 228 pp., D. Alissa Trotz (eds -Karen S. Dhanda, Moses Nagamootoo, Hendree's cure: Scenes from Madrasi life in a new world. Leeds, UK: Peepal Tree, 2000. 149 pp. -Stephen D. Glazier, Hemchand Gossai ,Religion, culture, and tradition in the Caribbean., Nathaniel Samuel Murrell (eds -Michiel van Kempen, A. James Arnold, A history of literature in the Caribbean. Volume 2: English- and Dutch- speaking regions. (Vera M. Kuzinski & Ineke Phaf-Rheinberger, sub-eds..Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2001. ix + 672 pp. -Frank Birbalsingh, Bruce King, Derek Walcott: A Caribbean life. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. ix + 714 pp. -Frank Birbalsingh, Paula Burnett, Derek Walcott: Politics and poetics. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001. xiii + 380 pp. -Jeanne Garane, Micheline Rice-Maximin, Karukéra: Présence littéraire de la Guadeloupe. New York: Peter Lang, 1998. x + 197 pp. -Jeanne