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Sample records for burkitt lymphoma cases

  1. Oral Burkitt's lymphoma--case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Roseana de Almeida; Veras Barros, Simone Souza Lobão; Quinderé, Lêda Bezerra

    2008-01-01

    Burkitt's lymphoma is a poorly differentiated rare and aggressive type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. This article reports the case of a male child aged seven years, who was examined at the Odontopediatric Clinic of the UFRN Dentistry Department. The patient presented a tumor in the premolar region of the mandible; teeth were mobile in this region. Radiology revealed a diffuse radioluscent area which was diagnosed histopathologically as Burkitt's lymphoma. The patient was treated with polychemotherapy; complete remission of the disease was attained.

  2. [Bilateral ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma. A case presentation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briseño-Hernández, Andrés Alejandro; Quezada-López, Deissy Roxana; Castañeda-Chávez, Agar; Dassaejv Macías-Amezcua, Michel; Pintor-Belmontes, Julio Cesar

    2014-01-01

    Burkitt lymphoma, is described as an aggressive form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma of B cells which occurs most often in children and young adults, ovarian lymphoma can appear as a primary lesion or more commonly referred to as a metastasis. Primary ovarian lesions are rare manifestations corresponding to 0.5% of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 1.5% of ovarian tumors. Clinic case: 31 years old female with general weakness, march incapacity, dyspnea, hyporexia, fever, diaphoresis, weight loss of 20 kg, flat abs with abdominal pain; Ca125 610 U/ml. Abdominal computed tomography shows a solid aspect tumor which affects the right pelvic cavity. Bilateral ovarian tumors were removed. Microscopically, both lesions show a "starry sky" pattern composed by a monotonous infiltration of lymphocytes mixed with large and clear macrophages, several atypical mitoses, and necrosis and hemorrhage areas. Immunohistochemistry was positive for CD10, CD20, and negative for CD3 and high Ki67 proliferation index. Bilateral ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma was diagnosed. Bilateral ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma is a rare entity, with a variability of presentations, the abdominal pain and abdominal tumors are the most frequent. The patient's prognosis at short term is poor, therefore it's necessary to know this entity and make an early diagnosis.

  3. Tubo-Ovarian Presentation of Burkitt's Lymphoma: Case Report ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Burkitt's lymphoma rarely presents as a primary of the ovary. High index of suspicion is required to avoid delay of definitive management. There are a few case reports presented on ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma. We present a case of a 23 year old, para 1+1 HIV negative patient who presented to the Kenyatta National Hospital ...

  4. Linfoma de Burkitt oral: relato de caso Oral Burkitt's lymphoma: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roseana de Almeida Freitas

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O linfoma de Burkitt é um raro e agressivo tipo de linfoma não-Hodgkin pobremente diferenciado. O presente relato trata de uma criança do sexo masculino, com sete anos de idade, que foi examinada na Clínica de Odontopediatria do Departamento de Odontologia da UFRN, exibindo uma massa tumoral na região de pré-molares mandibulares com mobilidade dentária. O exame radiográfico revelou uma área radiolúcida difusa e o diagnóstico histopatológico foi de linfoma de Burkitt. O paciente foi tratado por poliquimioterapia e obteve completa remissão da patologia.Burkitt's lymphoma is a poorly differentiated rare and aggressive type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. This article reports the case of a male child aged seven years, who was examined at the Odontopediatric Clinic of the UFRN Dentistry Department. The patient presented a tumor in the premolar region of the mandible; teeth were mobile in this region. Radiology revealed a diffuse radioluscent area which was diagnosed histopathologically as Burkitt's lymphoma. The patient was treated with polychemotherapy; complete remission of the disease was attained.

  5. Linfoma de Burkitt Burkitt lymphoma

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    Fernando Sierra Arego

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available El linfoma de Burkitt es un tipo de linfoma no Hodgkin, no frecuente en Cuba, pues es endémico de África Central. Diagnosticar uno en nuestro país siempre es significativo, por lo que conocerlo es importante.The Burkitt lymphoma is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma infrequent in Cuba since it is endemic of Central Africa. The diagnosis of one in our country always is significant, thus it is important to know it.

  6. Uncommon presentation of Burkitt's lymphoma: a case report; Apresentacao atipica do linfoma de Burkitt: relato de caso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caldeira Junior, Sandro Ferreira; Torres, Lucas Rios; Rogerio, Ricardo Mendes; Macedo, Leonardo Lopes de; Ferri, Francisco; Souza, Ricardo Pires de [Hospital Heliopolis, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Servico de Radiologia e Diagnostico por Imagem

    2007-01-15

    Burkitt's lymphoma is a rapidly proliferating, highly aggressive B-cell lymphoma of non-Hodgkin subtype. We present a case of a young adult with weight loss and abdominal mass. A computed tomography of abdomen showed a bulky abdominal mass with calcifications. It has not previously been done any type of treatment. The diagnostic was made by pathology and immunohistochemistry. (author)

  7. Molecular diagnosis of Burkitt's lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dave, SS; Fu, K; Wright, GW; Lam, LT; Kluin, P; Boerma, EJ; Greiner, TC; Weisenburger, DD; Rosenwald, A; Ott, G; Muller-Hermelink, H; Gascoyne, RD; Delabie, J; Rimsza, LM; Braziel, RM; Grogan, TM; Campo, E; Jaffe, ES; Dave, BJ; Sanger, W; Bast, M; Vose, JM; Armitage, JO; Connors, JM; Smeland, EB; Kvaloy, S; Holte, H; Fisher, RI; Miller, TP; Montserrat, E; Wilson, WH; Bahl, M; Zhao, H; Yang, LM; Powell, J; Simon, R; Chan, WC; Staudt, LM

    2006-01-01

    Background: The distinction between Burkitt's lymphoma and diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma is crucial because these two types of lymphoma require different treatments. We examined whether gene-expression profiling could reliably distinguish Burkitt's lymphoma from diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma.

  8. HIV-related Burkitt lymphoma with florid granulomatous reaction: an unusual case with good outcome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jin-Nan; Gao, Li-Min; Wang, Wei-Ya; Chen, Min; Li, Gan-Di; Liu, Wei-Ping; Zhang, Wen-Yan

    2014-01-01

    Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a highly aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). Lymphoma related granulomatous reaction rarely occurs in sporadic BL. Herein, we describe the first case of HIV related Burkitt lymphoma with florid granulomatous reaction. A 41-year-old HIV-positive Chinese male presented lymphadenopathy in the right cervical region for 3 months. The enlarged lymph node biopsies revealed the presence of prominent granulomas of varying size with Langhans giant cells, leading to the misdiagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis in other hospital. Subsequently, the case was sent to us for consultation. The morphology, immunophenotype, special staining, interphase FISH analysis and blood tests confirmed a diagnosis of HIV related Burkitt lymphoma with granulomatous reaction. Without radiotherapy and chemotherapy, the patient was alive and well with no evidence of lymphoma during the observation period of 24 months. The case suggested that lymphoma with florid granulomatous reaction can easily be misdiagnosed as benign lesions since the large number of epithelioid granulomas could obscure the primary lesion. Moreover, the granulomatous reaction may be an indicator for favorable prognosis in HIV related Burkitt lymphoma. PMID:25400794

  9. Soft tissue Burkitt's lymphoma: radiological findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Barredo, R; Fernández Echevarría, M A; del Riego, M; Canga, A

    1998-01-01

    An unusual case is reported of a soft tissue mass in the lower extremity, without bone involvement, in an 85-year-old woman; the histopathological diagnosis was Burkitt's lymphoma. Pertinent clinical history, histological examination, and imaging procedures allowed early diagnosis. To our knowledge, the radiological findings in Burkitt's lymphoma with this unusual clinical presentation have not been described previously.

  10. Burkitt-like lymphoma in an infant: a case report Linfoma burkitt-like em um lactente: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudete Esteves Klumb

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Childhood non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, including Burkitt and Burkitt-like, are rarely diagnosed in infants. A case of B-cell lymphoma in a 13-month-old girl with extensive abdominal disease, ascites, pleural effusion, and tumor lysis syndrome is reported. Phenotypic analysis showed a germinal center B-cell phenotype, and a B-cell clonality was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. There was no evidence of Epstein-Barr and HIV infection. The case herein reported emphasizes the need for considering the diagnosis of lymphoma even in very young children.Os linfomas não Hodgkin da infância, incluindo os linfomas de Burkitt e Burkitt-like são raros em lactentes. Um caso de linfoma não Hodgkin B em uma lactente de 13 meses de idade é descrito. Ao diagnóstico a paciente apresentava extenso comprometimento abdominal associado à ascite, derrame pleural e síndrome de lise tumoral. A análise imunofenotípica mostrou um fenótipo compatível com células linfóides oriundas do centro germinativo e a origem clonal dessas células foi demonstrada por reação em cadeia da polimerase. Não foi demonstrada associação do linfoma com infecção pelo vírus Epstein-Barr e/ou virus da imunodeficiência adquirida. O caso apresentado enfatiza a necessidade de considerar o diagnóstico de linfoma mesmo em lactentes.

  11. Clinical characteristics of Burkitt's lymphoma from three regions in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Clinical characteristics of Burkitt's lymphoma from three regions in Kenya. ... Method: Histologically proven cases of Burkitt's lymphoma in patients less than 16 years of age ... Strategies to explain and investigate the local environmental factors ...

  12. B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma: Report of a case in the oral cavity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jumana M Jaradat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma (DLBCL/BL is a new category of B-cell lymphoma according to the 4 th edition of the World Health Organization Classification of Tumours of Haematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues (2008. The following report presents a case of this rare, newly described entity on the palate of a 59 year-old male.

  13. Periradicular burkitt's lymphoma: a report of 2 cases from Nigeria and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omoregie, F O; Saheeb, B D O; Onasanya, P O

    2008-09-01

    This article reports two cases of periradicular Burkitt's lymphoma from Nigeria, to emphasize the difficulties in differentiating the early lesion from other periradicular lesions with similar clinical and radiological findings Case 1, is a 4-year-old boy who presented with a one-month history of a painless, hard, posterior mandibular swelling (right), which was causing loosening and displacement of deciduous teeth (84 and 85). Histopathological examination of periradicular tissues from extracted tooth (85), confirmed the diagnosis of early periradicular B urkitt's lymphoma. Case 2, is a 6-year-old boy who presented with one-week history of a loose, extruded right mandibular first molar tooth (46) and an exfoliated left mandibular first molar tooth (36). After two weeks of follow-up, the patient developed bilateral mandibular swelling at the molar region, as well as peri-orbital and bilateral pedal oedema. Incisional biopsy of the oral lesion at the region of exfoliated left first mandibular molar (36) was useful for histopathological diagnosis of early Burkitt's lymphoma of the jaw. In the face of limited diagnostic tools such as clinico-radiological assessment, cytology or incisional biopsy for incipient periradicular lesions, a high index of suspicion of Burkitt's lymphoma of the jaw may be helpful in early diagnosis and treatment of a lesion, presenting in a child as periradicular radiolucency or mixed radiolucency and radiopacity, with associated loosening and displacement of teeth.

  14. Linfoma de Burkitt oral: relato de caso Oral Burkitt's lymphoma: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Roseana de Almeida Freitas; Simone Souza Lobão Veras Barros; Lêda Bezerra Quinderé

    2008-01-01

    O linfoma de Burkitt é um raro e agressivo tipo de linfoma não-Hodgkin pobremente diferenciado. O presente relato trata de uma criança do sexo masculino, com sete anos de idade, que foi examinada na Clínica de Odontopediatria do Departamento de Odontologia da UFRN, exibindo uma massa tumoral na região de pré-molares mandibulares com mobilidade dentária. O exame radiográfico revelou uma área radiolúcida difusa e o diagnóstico histopatológico foi de linfoma de Burkitt. O paciente foi tratado po...

  15. Burkitt's lymphoma: a child's case presenting in the maxilla. Clinical and radiological aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valenzuela-Salas, Borja; Dean-Ferrer, Alicia; Alamillos-Granados, Francisco-Jesús

    2010-05-01

    Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is a neoplasm which, despite its very aggressive behaviour is potentially curable. It typically affects the paediatric population. BL belongs to the non-Hodgkin lymphomas group, and is the first human tumour undoubtedly related to a viral origin (Epstein-Barr virus). Two main clinical subtypes are recognized: endemic or African type, and sporadic type; HIV associated BL constitutes a third type. Although common in endemic BL, maxillary involvement is rare in sporadic cases. This, together with the clinical lack of specificity associated to this location, makes diagnosis difficult. New chemotherapeutic protocols achieve a high survival rate. Most important prognostic factors are location and tumour stage. We report a paediatric case of BL presenting in the maxilla, with a review and a description of the characteristics of the disease.

  16. Abdominal Burkitt's lymphoma with renal involvement | Moodley ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Endemic Burkitt's lymphoma is the most frequent childhood cancer in Africa, commonly presenting with involvement of the abdominal viscera. Imaging plays a critical role in suggesting the diagnosis to expedite treatment initiation, as the tumour has a rapid doubling time of less than 24 hours. This case report illustrates the ...

  17. The Diffuse Involvement of Bilateral Breasts in the Incidence of Burkitt's Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Myung Su; Lee, Sa Rah; Yang, Woo Ick; Kim, Eun Kyung [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Hae Kyoung [CHA University, Bundang CHA Hospital, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-12-15

    The incidence of Burkitt's lymphoma involving both breasts is rare. We report such a case that was diagnosed by a core biopsy of a hypoechoic lesion visualized from the ultrasonographic results of a patient that was clinically suspected of mastitis.

  18. Burkitt's lymphoma of the head and neck region in a Nigerian tertiary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Burkitt\\'s lymphoma is endemic in Nigeria; it forms about 39% of all childhood cancers. In recent times more of these cases are being seen presenting first to the Ear Nose and Throat clinic. Objective: This study is designed to look at the pattern of presentation of head and Neck Burkitt\\'s lymphoma at a Nigerian ...

  19. Pediatric Burkitt lymphoma presenting as acute pancreatitis: MRI characteristics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amodio, John; Brodsky, Jennie E. [SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Brooklyn, NY (United States)

    2010-05-15

    Acute pancreatitis is a rare initial presentation of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with few reported cases described in older adults and even fewer in children. MRI features of Burkitt lymphoma of the pancreas are sparse in the radiologic literature. We present a 6-year-old boy who presented with pancreatitis and obstructive jaundice, which was the result of Burkitt lymphoma of the pancreas. The imaging findings of pancreatic involvement of Burkitt lymphoma on MRI are discussed and the contributory role of the radiologist in guiding the appropriate clinical work-up of this disease is highlighted. (orig.)

  20. Epstein-Barr virus and Burkitt lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowe, Martin; Fitzsimmons, Leah; Bell, Andrew I

    2014-01-01

    In 1964, a new herpesvirus, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), was discovered in cultured tumor cells derived from a Burkitt lymphoma (BL) biopsy taken from an African patient. This was a momentous event that reinvigorated research into viruses as a possible cause of human cancers. Subsequent studies demonstrated that EBV was a potent growth-transforming agent for primary B cells, and that all cases of BL carried characteristic chromosomal translocations resulting in constitutive activation of the c-MYC oncogene. These results hinted at simple oncogenic mechanisms that would make Burkitt lymphoma paradigmatic for cancers with viral etiology. In reality, the pathogenesis of this tumor is rather complicated with regard to both the contribution of the virus and the involvement of cellular oncogenes. Here, we review the current understanding of the roles of EBV and c-MYC in the pathogenesis of BL and the implications for new therapeutic strategies to treat this lymphoma. PMID:25418195

  1. An unusual presentation of Burkitt's lymphoma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An examination under anaesthesia and cystos- copy with biopsy showed normal bladder mucosa and schistosomiasis. However despite treatment with praziquantel ... References. 1. Burkitt DPA. Sarcoma involving the jaws in African children. BTJ Surg 1958;46:218-223. 2. Burkitt DP. The discovery of Burkitt's lymphoma.

  2. Burkitt lymphoma and cavernous sinus syndrome with breast uptake on 18F-FDG-PET/CT: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyneke, Florette; Mokgoro, Neo; Vorster, Mariza; Sathekge, Mike

    2017-11-01

    Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that arises in the B-cells. Cavernous sinus involvement is rare, especially in adults. Here we report an unusual case of a 30-year-old HIV-positive woman with BL and cavernous sinus syndrome who also had intense bilateral breast uptake, related to menstrual cycle. Fluorine-18 2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has been found to be useful in the management of BL. A 30-year old female patient presented with a history of diplopia and headache. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large cavernous sinus mass. A bone marrow biopsy was done and demonstrated extensive marrow infiltration by Burkitt lymphoma. Further investigation detected the Epstein-Barr virus in her cerebrospinal fluid using qualitative polymerase chain reaction. 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging done revealed a hypermetabolic cavernous sinus mass, conglomerates of enlarged pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes as well as diffuse bone marrow uptake. Intense bilateral breast uptake was noted coinciding with the start of menses. She was started on chemotherapy with adjuvant radiotherapy. After her first cycle of chemotherapy, repeat 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging revealed a marked reduction in the metabolic activity and size of the cavernous sinus mass and conglomerates of lymph nodes. The bone marrow activity was still visualized but less intense compared to the staging PET/CT. A cavernous sinus mass will rarely be the primary lesion in Burkitt's Lymphoma. Our case demonstrates the role of 18F-FDG PET/CT in the assessment of such cases to detect other primary areas of disease involvement. It is useful in accurate initial staging and monitoring of treatment response in patients with Burkitt's Lymphoma.

  3. Associations between Burkitt lymphoma among children in Malawi and infection with HIV, EBV and malaria: results from a case-control study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Mutalima

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Burkitt lymphoma, a childhood cancer common in parts of sub-Saharan Africa, has been associated with Epstein Barr Virus (EBV and malaria, but its association with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV is not clear. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We conducted a case-control study of Burkitt lymphoma among children (aged < or = 15 years admitted to the pediatric oncology unit in Blantyre, Malawi between July 2005 and July 2006. Cases were 148 children diagnosed with Burkitt lymphoma and controls were 104 children admitted with non-malignant conditions or cancers other than hematological malignancies and Kaposi sarcoma. Interviews were conducted and serological samples tested for antibodies against HIV, EBV and malaria. Odds ratios for Burkitt lymphoma were estimated using unconditional logistic regression adjusting for sex, age, and residential district. Cases had a mean age of 7.1 years and 60% were male. Cases were more likely than controls to be HIV positive (Odds ratio (OR = 12.4, 95% Confidence Interval (CI 1.3 to 116.2, p = 0.03. ORs for Burkitt lymphoma increased with increasing antibody titers against EBV (p = 0.001 and malaria (p = 0.01. Among HIV negative participants, cases were thirteen times more likely than controls to have raised levels of both EBV and malaria antibodies (OR = 13.2; 95% CI 3.8 to 46.6; p = 0.001. Reported use of mosquito nets was associated with a lower risk of Burkitt lymphoma (OR = 0.2, 95% CI, 0.03 to 0.9, p = 0.04. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support prior evidence that EBV and malaria act jointly in the pathogenesis of Burkitt lymphoma, suggesting that malaria prevention may decrease the risk of Burkitt lymphoma. HIV may also play a role in the etiology of this childhood tumor.

  4. Burkitt Lymphoma of Thyroid Gland in an Adolescent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Cooper

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Burkitt Lymphoma is a highly aggressive form of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma that in nonendemic areas has abdominal primary sites. We report a very rare case of Burkitt lymphoma of the thyroid gland presenting as a rapidly growing thyroid swelling in a 14-year-old white Caucasian British male with no preexisting thyroid or medical problems. The diagnosis was confirmed by an open wedge biopsy following a fine needle aspiration. The patient was treated according to the Children’s Cancer and Leukaemia Group guidelines for BL—Group B protocol and currently is in remission.

  5. Linfoma de Burkitt: informe de un caso diagnosticado por laparotomía Burkitt's lymphoma: report of a case diagnosed by laparotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Pinilla González

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El linfoma de Burkitt no endémico es un tumor de frecuente localización abdominal, por lo que se debe tener presente ante cualquier masa intraabdominal. Aunque el tratamiento de elección es la quimioterapia, existe controversia respecto del papel que debe desempeñar la cirugía, especialmente en casos donde el diagnóstico se establece durante una laparotomía exploradora. Este fue el caso de una adolescente de 14 años que presentó una masa hipogástrica y otra menor en la fosa ilíaca derecha. Algunos autores no aceptan la cirugía y añaden que puede retrasar y complicar el tratamiento quimioterápeutico, mientras que otros autores defienden la cirugía reductora de masa tumoral asociada a la quimioterapia. Esta controversia es especialmente importante cuando el diagnóstico se establece en el curso de una laparotomía exploradora, durante la cual hay que decidir si extirpar la masa tumoral o no hacerlo. En nuestro caso decidimos extirpar todo el tumor macroscópico. La buena evolución de nuestra paciente y los resultados comunicados apoyan esta postura.Non-endemic Burkitt's lymphoma is a tumor of frequent abdominal localization that should be taken into consideration before any intraabdominal mass. Although chemotherapy is the election treatment, there is controversy as regards the role surgery should play, specially in those cases where the diagnosis is established by explorative laparotomy. This was the case of a 14-year-old adolescent that presented a hypogastric mass and another lower mass in the right iliac fossa. Some authors do not accept surgery and state that it may delay and complicate chemotherapy, whereas other authors defend the tumoral mass-reducing surgery associated with chemotherapy. This controversy is particularly important when the diagnosis is made in the course of an explorative laparotomy and it should be decided wether to remove the tumoral mass or not. In our case, it was decided to remove the whole macroscopic

  6. Silent presentation of multiple metastasis Burkitt lymphoma in a child: A case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miron, Ingrith; Miron, Lucian; Lupu, Vasile Valeriu; Ignat, Ancuta

    2017-07-01

    The Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a very aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. It accounts for 34% of lymphoma cases in children. We present the case of a 6-year-old boy diagnosed with BL, who presented multiple contrasting elements of the disease: silent symptomatology, without involvement of the bone marrow at first, but with multiorgan infiltration and a fast evolution, despite starting the treatment shortly after the symptoms appeared. He was diagnosed with BL after immunophenotyping from the pleural fluid. After a week from admission, chemotherapy was initiated according to protocol NH-BFM therapeutic group III-cytoreductive phase in the acute care ward and subsequently the AA 24 treatment. Following the treatment, the patient developed medullary aplasia and cutaneous toxicity. The patient's general state remained severe during the hospitalization. Even though the prognosis of BL has improved over time (up to 90% survival rate), in this case the evolution was unfavorable. In our patient, the symptoms appeared abruptly. They appeared late in the phase of multiple-organ dissemination, which generated the pessimistic prognosis.

  7. Sporadic Burkitt Lymphoma Presenting as Acute Pancreatitis, Concurrent Sinusitis, and Enlarged Adenoids

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    Vasudha Mahajan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pancreatitis and sinusitis as presentations of Burkitt lymphoma are uncommon and rarely described in children. We describe here the case of a child who presented with symptoms suggestive of sinusitis unresponsive to antibiotics, with subsequent development of abdominal symptoms due to pancreatitis. He was eventually diagnosed with Burkitt lymphoma.

  8. [Exceptional etiology of acute renal: Burkitt's lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dial, Cherif; Doh, Kwame; Thiam, Ibou; Faye, Mariam; Woto-Gaye, Gisèle

    2018-02-05

    Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an exceptional cause of acute renal failure (ARF). The origin of the tumor clone may be lymphoid follicles secondary to renal Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. With the presentation of this clinical case, the pathogenesis, diagnostic criteria and evolution of this extremely rare affection will be discussed. A 4-year-old patient with a recent history of acute osteomyelitis of the right thigh presented an ARF without indications of post-infectious glomerulonephritis. Ultrasound showed enlarged kidneys without dilation of the excretory cavities. Diffuse interstitial infiltration of atypical lymphoid cells of medium size were noted upon renal biopsy. The tumor cells expressed antibodies against CD20, CD10, Bcl6, and Ki67 but not against Bcl2 or CD3. The search for an EBV infection was positive. A few days after diagnosis, the evolution was spontaneously fatal. BL of the kidney is a rare condition that accounts for less than 1 % of kidney tumors, associated almost invariably with EBV infection. The diagnosis is confirmed histologically by renal biopsy and the criteria of Malbrain affirms the primitive character of the lymphoma. BL of the kidney is a diagnostic and therapeutic emergency and may be fatal. Copyright © 2018 Société francophone de néphrologie, dialyse et transplantation. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  9. Burkitt\\'s lymphoma in Uganda: the role of immunohistochemistry in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Haematoxylin and eosin staining has remained the standard diagnostic method for Burkitt\\'s lymphoma. Ancillary tests including immunohistochemistry, not widely available in developing countries, are important tools in verifying the diagnosis of lymphomas with equivocal morphological findings. Objective: To ...

  10. Burkitt\\'s lymphoma in Africa, a review of the epidemiology and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Burkitt\\'s lymphoma (BL) was first described in Eastern Africa, initially thought to be a sarcoma of the jaw. Shortly it became well known that this was a distinct form of Non Hodgkin\\'s lymphoma.The disease has given insight in all aspects of cancer research and care. Its peculiar epidemiology has led to the discovery of ...

  11. Paravertebral Burkitt's Lymphoma in a Child: An Unusual Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Hoyoux

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Paravertebral malignant tumors constitute 4.8% of cancer cases in pediatric oncology and are mostly composed of neuroblastoma (46.4% and soft tissue sarcomas (35.7%. We describe the case of a Caucasian 6-year-old boy who was admitted for middle back pain radiated to limbs and progressively increasing weakness of the legs, suggesting a spinal cord disease. The exploration revealed two paravertebral masses extending through the neural foraminae into the epidural space. The association with elevated serum neuron specific enolase suggested at first the diagnosis of neuroblastoma, but the pathological examination revealed a Burkitt's lymphoma. This is a rare location of sporadic Burkitt's lymphoma with neurologic syndrome as first symptoms.

  12. Secondary choroidal lymphoma in a child treated for Burkitt lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramasubramanian, Aparna; Shields, Carol L; Longmire, Michelle; Hunt, David J

    2011-02-01

    A 9-year-old girl presented with a choroidal tumor 6 years after remission of Burkitt lymphoma with no evidence of systemic recurrence. The tumor regressed after plaque radiotherapy. The second tumor could have been related to previous chemotherapy, caused by Epstein-Barr virus infection, or the result of independent lymphoma cell growth. Copyright © 2011 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Burkitt's lymphoma with bilateral cavernous sinus and mediastinal involvement in a child

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    Huisman, Thierry A.G.M.; Tschirch, Frank; Schneider, Jacques F.L.; Martin-Fiori, Ernst; Willi, Ulrich V. [Department of Radiology and Magnetic Resonance Imaging, University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, 8032, Zurich (Switzerland); Niggli, Felix [Department of Paediatrics, University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)

    2003-10-01

    We report a 12-year-old boy who presented with incomplete right ophthalmoplegia, exophthalmos and headache. Initial CT and MRI revealed a mass in the right cavernous sinus. During tumour work-up, CT identified additional tumour within the mediastinum. Biopsy of the mediastinal lesion identified Burkitt's lymphoma. We report on this case because radiologists and clinicians should be alerted to identify sites of primary Burkitt's lymphoma outside of the central nervous system if clinical symptoms indicate, or imaging shows, CNS lesions. Primary CNS involvement in Burkitt's lymphoma is rare. (orig.)

  14. A review of the literature on child- hood Burkitt lymphoma in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-12-08

    Dec 8, 2015 ... Epstein Barr virus (EBV) is found in nearly all cases. Sporadic Burkitt lymphoma occurs worldwide; with no specific geographic or cli- matic association. It accounts for 1%–2% of lymphoma in adults and up to 40% of lymphoma in children in the. United States5. The abdomen, especially the ileocecal area, is ...

  15. Treatment of pediatric Burkitt lymphoma in Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celkan, Tiraje Tülin; Bariş, Safa; Ozdemir, Nihal; Ozkan, Alp; Apak, Hilmi; Doğru, Omer; Karaman, Serap; Canbolat, Aylin; Ozdil, Mine; Aki, Hilal; Adaletli, Ibrahim; Kurugoglu, Sebuh; Hallac, Mehmet; Yildiz, Inci

    2010-10-01

    This study aimed to assess the demographic data and treatment results of children who were diagnosed with Burkitt lymphoma and treated according to the Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster-95 (BFM) protocol in a single institution. A total of 48 patients (37 boys, 77%) with a median age of 8 years (range 2 to 16 years) at diagnosis, were evaluated. Primary tumor sites were abdomen (70.8%), head and neck (22.9%), peripheral lymph node (2%), bone (2%), and testis (2%). The 5-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were 78.1±4% and 76.6±6%, respectively. In univariate analysis, hemoglobin level less than 10 g/dL, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) positivity and dialysis requirement at diagnosis were found to be important reverse predictor factors for EFS (P; 0.001, 0.001, 0.004, respectively). In multivariate analysis, hemoglobin level less than 10 g/dL and dialysis at diagnosis were found to be important reverse predictor factors for EFS (P; 0.0001). The EFS of our patients was lower than the values achieved with BFM-95 protocol in other centers. This study provides evidence that low hemoglobin level, CSF positivity and dialysis at diagnosis were important predictor factors for EFS in children with Burkitt lymphoma.

  16. Incomplete Miller-Fisher Syndrome with Advanced Stage Burkitt Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özdemir, Zeynep Canan; Kar, Yeter Düzenli; Yarar, Coþkun; Þaylýsoy, Suzan; Bör, Özcan

    2017-05-15

    Lymphoma-associated incomplete Miller-Fisher syndrome is very rare. An 11-year-old boy who initially presented with headache, left ptosis, diplopia and weakness. Neurologic examination indicated left sided ptosis with ophthalmoplegia. Cerebral imaging and cerebrospinal fluid examinations were normal. Magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen showed a mass lesion in the ileal loops. A bone marrow biopsy showed infiltration by Burkitt's lymphoma. Burkitt lymphoma may present with incomplete Miller Fisher syndrome.

  17. Burkitt lymphoma: pathogenesis and immune evasion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    God, Jason M; Haque, Azizul

    2010-01-01

    B-cell lymphomas arise at distinct stages of cellular development and maturation, potentially influencing antigen (Ag) presentation and T-cell recognition. Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a highly malignant B-cell tumor associated with Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) infection. Although BL can be effectively treated in adults and children, leading to high survival rates, its ability to mask itself from the immune system makes BL an intriguing disease to study. In this paper, we will provide an overview of BL and its association with EBV and the c-myc oncogene. The contributions of EBV and c-myc to B-cell transformation, proliferation, or attenuation of cellular network and immune recognition or evasion will be summarized. We will also discuss the various pathways by which BL escapes immune detection by inhibiting both HLA class I- and II-mediated Ag presentation to T cells. Finally, we will provide an overview of recent developments suggesting the existence of BL-associated inhibitory molecules that may block HLA class II-mediated Ag presentation to CD4+ T cells, facilitating immune escape of BL.

  18. Burkitt lymphoma in a child with Bloom syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedhila-Ben Ayed, F; Douira-Khomsi, W; Rhayem, S; Jelassi, M; Zribi, H; Chaabouni, M; Khemiri, M; Bellagha, I; Barsaoui, S

    2016-04-01

    Bloom syndrome is a rare disease characterized by chromosomal instability and increased risk of developing lymphoma. We report on a case of Bloom syndrome in a 5-year-old boy with Burkitt lymphoma. The diagnosis was suspected by growth retardation, repeated respiratory infections, facial telangiectasia, and a low immunoglobulin level, then confirmed cytogenetically by sister chromatid exchanges. Chemotherapy was poorly tolerated, which required reducing the doses. Unfortunately, it was not sufficient to control the neoplasm and the patient died 14 months after diagnosis. Cancers in Bloom syndrome are a challenge since the potentially life-threatening side effects of the chemotherapy may require modifications in standard treatment such as dose reduction, which can compromise the tumor prognosis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  19. Burkitt's lymphoma in uganda: the role of immunohistochemistry in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2008-05-01

    May 1, 2008 ... Background: haematoxylin and eosin staining has remained the standard diagnostic method for. Burkitt's lymphoma. ancillary tests including immunohistochemistry, not widely available in developing countries, are important tools in verifying the diagnosis of lymphomas with equivocal morphological ...

  20. Primary Bilateral Breast Burkitt\\'s Lymphoma, Presenting for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    INTRODUCTION: Primary breast lymphoma is a rare disease. The treatment of lymphomas is chemotherapy and radiotherapy. SUBJECT: We present a 22-year old lady who was referred to the plastic surgery unit for a reduction mammoplasty following a painless bilateral breast enlargement. The initial investigations ...

  1. Proptosis as initial manifestation of Burkitt's lymphoma with orbital involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Freytas, A; Rengel Ruiz, M; España Gregori, E

    2017-04-01

    A 35-year-old woman without any known systemic disorder presented with a complaint of painful and rapidly increasing proptosis in her right eye. Based on the clinical, radiological, analytical and ophthalmological assessments, the diagnosis made was Burkitt's lymphoma in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Proptosis can be an unusual way of presenting with Burkitt's lymphoma associated with acquired immunodeficiency. This differential diagnosis is important because confirmation leads to a change in the vital prognosis of the patient. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  2. Tumour lysis syndrome and acute renal failure in Burkitt's lymphoma. Description of 2 cases and a review of the literature on prevention and management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veenstra, J.; Krediet, R. T.; Somers, R.; Arisz, L.

    1994-01-01

    Two patients with Burkitt's lymphoma and acute renal failure are described, one with acute uric acid nephropathy and the other with acute renal failure due to hyperphosphataemia. Renal insufficiency caused by the precipitation of calcium phosphate salts only occurs after starting treatment of the

  3. Silent presentation of multiple metastasis Burkitt lymphoma in a child

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miron, Ingrith; Miron, Lucian; Lupu, Vasile Valeriu; Ignat, Ancuta

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Rationale: The Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a very aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. It accounts for 34% of lymphoma cases in children. Patient concerns: We present the case of a 6-year-old boy diagnosed with BL, who presented multiple contrasting elements of the disease: silent symptomatology, without involvement of the bone marrow at first, but with multiorgan infiltration and a fast evolution, despite starting the treatment shortly after the symptoms appeared. Diagnoses: He was diagnosed with BL after immunophenotyping from the pleural fluid. Interventions: After a week from admission, chemotherapy was initiated according to protocol NH-BFM therapeutic group III—cytoreductive phase in the acute care ward and subsequently the AA 24 treatment. Outcomes: Following the treatment, the patient developed medullary aplasia and cutaneous toxicity. The patient's general state remained severe during the hospitalization. Lessons: Even though the prognosis of BL has improved over time (up to 90% survival rate), in this case the evolution was unfavorable. In our patient, the symptoms appeared abruptly. They appeared late in the phase of multiple-organ dissemination, which generated the pessimistic prognosis. PMID:28700504

  4. Burkitts primary thyroid lymphoma coexistence with Hashimoto's thyroiditis; Linfoma Burkitt primario tiroideo. Coexistencia con tiroiditis de Hashimoto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Higuera, A. [Hospital Alto Guadalquivir. Andujar Jaen (Spain); Vicente, J.; Lazaro, J. C. [Hospital Universitario Reina Sofia. Cordoba (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    Th primary thyroid lymphoma is a rare neoplasm, above all in children. We present a case of a child with Burkitt's thyroid lymphoma as the only manifestation of this disease, associated to lymphocytic thyroiditis. Clinically, it initiated as a rapidly growing goiter with compressive symptomatology. The X-ray findings are described: hypoechoic and hypodense multiple nodes that affect the right thyroid lobe and isthmus, with extraglandular extension to the vascular space and to the mediastinum. The differential diagnosis is considered with other more frequent thyroid pathologies in this age group. (Author) 14 refs.

  5. Primary osseous Burkitt lymphoma with nodal and intracardiac metastases in a child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Cadavid, MD

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Burkitt lymphoma (BL is the most frequent non-Hodgkin lymphoma in pediatric patients, accounting for approximately 34% of the cases of lymphoma in children. This subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma was first described in 1958 as a monoclonal proliferation of B cell lymphocytes. Cardiac involvement of BL in association with osseous compromise and lymphadenopathy is rare and poorly documented. We report a case of femur primary BL in an 8-year-old boy with metastatic cardiac involvement, retroperitoneal and iliofemoral lymphadenopathy, and hepatosplenomegaly. We highlight the diagnostic challenge in a patient with clinical nonspecific findings and systemic disease.

  6. Zidovudine: a targeted therapy for endemic Burkitt's lymphoma ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Furthermore, the addition of the widely available and inexpensive agent hydroxyurea, markedly potentiates the tumorcidal activity of Zidovudine in Epstein Barr virus positive Burkitt's lymphomas. We recommend that further clinical studies in patients afflicted with this disease are needed to clearly define this potential use of ...

  7. Structure and consequences of IGH switch breakpoints in Burkitt lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guikema, Jeroen E. J.; Schuuring, Ed; Kluin, Philip M.

    2008-01-01

    The t(8;14) MYC/IGH breakpoint is the hallmark translocation of human Burkitt lymphoma (BL). The translocation breakpoint most often involves the immunoglobulin heavy-chain switch regions and is thought to be brought about by an aberrant class switch recombination (CSR) event. During CSR in normal

  8. MYC-rearranged lymphomas other than Burkitt: Comparison between R-CHOP and Burkitt-type immunochemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baptista, Maria Joao; Tapia, Gustavo; Hernández-Rivas, José-Ángel; Martínez-Trillos, Alejandra; Mate, José-Luis; Navarro, José-Tomás

    2017-10-23

    MYC-rearranged (MYC-R) lymphomas other than Burkitt lymphoma (BL) are very aggressive, with poor prognosis when treated with standard regimens. We aimed to study the characteristics and outcome of a series of MYC-R lymphomas comparing the treatment results between R-CHOP based and a specific intensive regimen for BL (BURKIMAB). Retrospective study of patients diagnosed with MYC-R. Translocations of MYC, BCL2 and BCL6 were evaluated by fluorescent in situ hybridization. Patients were treated with either, R-CHOP based immunochemotherapy or the Burkitt type regimen, BURKIMAB. Thirty-four MYC-R lymphoma cases were studied: 21 treated with R-CHOP and 13 treated with BURKIMAB. There were no differences in CR rate; 45% (9/20) for R-CHOP and 42% (5/12) for BURKIMAB (P=.99). Although overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) of BURKIMAB-treated patients were better than those of R-CHOP-treated (3y-OS: 46 vs. 24%; 3y-PFS: 46 vs. 10%), the differences were not statistically significant. MYC-R lymphomas show poor outcomes even when treated with intensive immunochemotherapy for BL. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  9. Chromosomal alterations detected by comparative genomic hybridization in subgroups of gene expression-defined Burkitt's lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salaverria, Itziar; Zettl, Andreas; Bea, Silvia; Hartmann, Elena M.; Dave, Sandeep S.; Wright, George W.; Boerma, Evert-Jan; Kluin, Philip M.; Ott, German; Chan, Wing C.; Weisenburger, Dennis D.; Lopez-Guillermo, Armando; Gascoyne, Randy D.; Delabie, Jan; Rimsza, Lisa M.; Braziel, Rita M.; Jaffe, Elaine S.; Staudt, Louis M.; Mueller-Hermelink, Hans Konrad; Campo, Elias; Rosenwald, Andreas

    Background Burkitt's lymphoma is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma characterized by typical morph 0 logical, immunophenotypic and molecular features. Gene expression profiling provided a molecular signature of Burkitt's lymphoma, but also demonstrated that a subset of aggressive B-cell lymphomas not

  10. Primary ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma: a rare oncological problem in gynaecology: a review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stepniak, Anna; Czuczwar, Piotr; Szkodziak, Piotr; Wozniakowska, Ewa; Wozniak, Slawomir; Paszkowski, Tomasz

    2017-10-01

    This review presents the information about epidemiology, clinical manifestation, diagnosis and treatment of primary ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), including a literature search of available BL cases. The purpose of this review is to draw clinicians' attention to the possibility of ovarian BL occurrence, which may be important in the differential diagnosis of ovarian tumours. PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched using the keywords ''Burkitt's'', ''Lymphoma'', ''Ovarian'', ''Primary'', ''Burkitt's lymphoma''. Only cases with histopathologically confirmed diagnosis of primary ovarian BL were included in this review. Fifty articles, reporting cases with an ovarian manifestation of primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, were found. Twenty-one cases with a histopathologically confirmed BL were evaluated to compare various manifestations, treatment and prognosis in ovarian BL. Primary ovarian BL is a rare condition, included in the entity of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The tumour can occur uni- or bilaterally in the ovaries with major symptoms such as abdominal pain or a large abdominal mass. Differential diagnosis, based on imaging features and pathological examination of the specimens, is essential for further treatment due to various aetiology of ovarian tumours. Although most of the patients suffering from ovarian BL underwent surgery after the ovarian tumour had been detected, surgical treatment is not the treatment of choice in patients with ovarian lymphoma. The mainstay of therapy is chemotherapy without further surgery. The prognosis is better if the chemotherapy protocol is more aggressive and followed by prophylactic central nervous system chemotherapy. Nowadays, multiagent protocols are administered, which improves the survival rate.

  11. MYC translocation-negative classical Burkitt lymphoma cases: an alternative pathogenetic mechanism involving miRNA deregulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leucci, E; Cocco, M; Onnis, A

    2008-01-01

    at the standardization of FISH procedures in lymphoma diagnosis, we found that five cases out of 35 classic endemic BLs were negative for MYC translocations by using a split-signal as well as a dual-fusion probe. Here we investigated the expression pattern of miRNAs predicted to target c-Myc, in BL cases, to clarify...... whether alternative pathogenetic mechanisms may be responsible for lymphomagenesis in cases lacking the MYC translocation. miRNAs are a class of small RNAs that are able to regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Several studies have reported their involvement in cancer...... was observed in BL cases, compared to normal controls. More interestingly, hsa-mir-34b was found to be down-regulated only in BL cases that were negative for MYC translocation, suggesting that this event might be responsible for c-Myc deregulation in such cases. This hypothesis was further confirmed by our...

  12. Incidence of Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma in Three Regions of Mozambique

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Callaghan-Gordo, Cristina; Casabonne, Delphine; Carrilho, Carla; Ferro, Josefo; Lorenzoni, Cesaltina; Zaqueu, Clesio; Nhabomba, Augusto; Aguilar, Ruth; Bassat, Quique; de Sanjosé, Sílvia; Dobaño, Carlota; Kogevinas, Manolis

    2016-01-01

    Data on the burden and incidence of endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) across Mozambique are scarce. We retrospectively retrieved information on eBL cases from reports of the three main hospitals of Mozambique: Maputo Central Hospital (MCH), Beira Central Hospital (BCH), and Nampula Central Hospital (NCH) between 2004 and 2014. For 2015, we prospectively collected information of new eBL cases attending these hospitals. A total of 512 eBL cases were reported between 2004 and 2015: 153 eBL cases were reported in MCH, 195 in BCH, and 164 in NCH. Mean age of cases was 6.9 years (standard deviation = 2.8); 63% (319/504) of cases were males. For 2015, the estimated incidence rate of eBL was 2.0, 1.7, and 3.9 per 106 person-year at risk in MCH, BCH, and NCH, respectively. Incidence was higher in NCH (northern Mozambique), where intensity of malaria transmission is higher. Data presented show that eBL is a common pediatric malignancy in Mozambique, as observed in neighboring countries. PMID:27799648

  13. Biliary tract obstruction secondary to Burkitt lymphoma; Linfoma de Burkitt associado a obstrucao de vias biliares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendes, Wellington L.; Bezerra, Alanna Mara P.S.; Carvalho Filho, Nevicolino P.; Coelho, Robson C. [Hospital do Cancer, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Centro de Tratamento e Pesquisa. Dept. de Pediatria; Soares, Fernando A. [Hospital do Cancer, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Centro de Tratamento e Pesquisa. Dept. de Patologia; Pecora, Marcela S. [Hospital do Cancer, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Centro de Tratamento e Pesquisa. Dept. de Imagem; Chapchap, Paulo [Hospital do Cancer, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Centro de Tratamento e Pesquisa. Servico de Cirurgia Pediatrica

    2004-09-01

    The abdomen, in particular the ileocecal region, appendix and colon, is the most common primary site for Burkitt non Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Involvement of the bile duct is rare. The authors describe a patient with abdominal NHL in which jaundice due to bile duct obstruction was the first clinical sign. Case report: a 3 year old white boy presented with one month of progressive jaundice, clay-colored stools, tea colored urine and increase of abdominal volume. Physical examination showed jaundice 3+/4+ and pale mucosa. The abdomen was moderately distended and timpanous and the liver was enlarged. Laboratory examinations confirmed cholestasis with total bilirubin of 8.2 mg/dl (direct bilirubin of 7.8 mg/dl), and microcytic and hypochromic anemia. Ultrasonography (US) and abdominal CT showed two solid tumors in hepatic hilar topography, and dilated intrahepatic biliary tree. The Doppler US showed hepatic artery and portal vein dislocation by the nodules. Comment: although jaundice occurs frequently as a late manifestation of NHL, it is rarely seen as the presenting sign. When jaundice is the first clinical sign and image studies show hepatic hilar tumor and bile duct obstruction, NHL should be considered in the differential diagnosis. (author)

  14. Burkitt lymphoma and the discovery of Epstein-Barr virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Anthony

    2012-03-01

    The chance germinal encounter with the first lecture outside Africa on Burkitt lymphoma is described together with the hypothesis of a viral cause. Repeated virological investigations on lymphoma biopsies proved negative, leading to the idea that a latent virus might be activated if lymphoma cells could be cultured, although no human lymphoid cell had at that time ever been maintained in vitro. A chance event reminding of the need for suspension culture with mouse lymphomas led to success. The cultured cells carried a morphologically unequivocal, strangely inert, herpesvirus shown later to be immunologically, biologically and biochemically unique. How this new agent acquired its name, Epstein-Barr virus, is explained. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  15. Primary duodenal Burkitt lymphoma presenting as sessile, button-like bleeding polyps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching-Chih Hu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Primary gastrointestinal (GI lymphoma accounts for 30–50% of all extranodal non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas, making the GI tract the most common site of extranodal non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. Most GI lymphomas belong to the B cell lineage. Burkitt lymphoma (BL is a highly aggressive mature B cell neoplasm that occurs in three forms: endemic, sporadic, and immunodeficiency-associated. Sporadic BL accounts for 1–2% of all adult lymphomas and usually presents as an abdominal manifestation of extranodal disease involving the distal ileum or cecum. Primary BL of the duodenum is rare. However, this report emphasizes the importance of awareness of the malignancy potential of duodenal polyps. We report the case of a 70-year-old woman admitted to our ward with upper GI bleeding due to duodenal polyps. An upper GI endoscopic examination showed button-like polyps with central depression, and an immunohistochemical study of the polyps revealed a high-grade B cell malignancy (BL. Consequently, the patient was treated with aggressive chemotherapy. The tumors regressed after chemotherapy. Although primary duodenal Burkitt lymphoma is very rare, the possibility of malignancy should be considered if a patient presents with duodenal button-like polyps with a central depressed surface.

  16. Burkitt's lymphoma of the duodenum in a patient with AIDS Linfoma de Burkitt do duodeno em um paciente com AIDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Corti

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of B-cell type is the second most common neoplasm after Kaposi's sarcoma, among patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Most non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cases that are associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome involve extranodal sites, especially the digestive tract and the central nervous system. We report a case of primary lymphoma of the duodenum in a patient with AIDS. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed pseudopolypoid masses found in the second portion of the duodenum. A complete diagnostic study including histological, immunohistochemical and virological analyses showed high-grade B-cell Burkitt's lymphoma. The Epstein-Barr virus genome was detected in biopsies by immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization.O linfoma não-Hodgkin de células B é a segunda neoplasia mais comum em pacientes com infecção pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana depois do sarcoma de Kaposi. A maioria dos casos de linfoma não-Hodgkin associados com a síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida envolve locais extraganglionares, especialmente o trato digestivo e o sistema nervoso central. Nós relatamos um caso de linfoma primário do duodeno em um paciente com AIDS. Uma endoscopia digestiva alta mostrou massas pseudopolipóides encontradas na segunda porção do duodeno. Um estudo diagnóstico completo incluindo exames histológicos, imunohistoquímicos e virológicos mostrou um linfoma de células B tipo Burkitt. Detectou-se genoma do vírus Epstein-Barr em biópsias por hibridização in situ e imuno-histoquímica.

  17. Outcomes of Patients With Burkitt Lymphoma Older Than Age 40 Treated With Intensive Chemotherapeutic Regimens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kelly, Jennifer L.; Toothaker, Stephen R.; Ciminello, Lauren; Hoelzer, Dieter; Holte, Harald; LaCasce, Ann S.; Mead, Graham; Thomas, Deborah; Van Imhoff, Gustaaf W.; Kahl, Brad S.; Cheson, Bruce D.; Magrath, Ian T.; Fisher, Richard I.; Friedberg, Jonathan W.

    Burkitt lymphoma is a highly curable disorder when treated with modern intensive chemotherapy regimens. The majority of adult patients with Burkitt lymphoma in the United States are over age 40 years. Older patients have historically been underrepresented in published clinical trials of modern

  18. Study finds low-intensity therapy for Burkitt lymphoma highly effective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adult patients with a type of cancer known as Burkitt lymphoma had excellent long-term survival rates—upwards of 90 percent—following treatment with low-intensity chemotherapy regimens, according to a new clinical trial finding. Burkitt lymphoma is the mo

  19. Transformation of Follicular Lymphoma to a High-Grade B-Cell Lymphoma With MYC and BCL2 Translocations and Overlapping Features of Burkitt Lymphoma and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina M Bischin

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Most commonly, histologic transformation (HT from follicular lymphoma (FL manifests as a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (DLBCL, NOS. Less frequently, HT may result in a high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBL with MYC and B-cell lymphoma protein 2 (BCL2 and/or BCL6 gene rearrangements, also known as “double-hit” or “triple-hit” lymphomas. In the 2016 revision of the World Health Organization (WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms, the category B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable was eliminated due to its vague criteria and limiting diagnostic benefit. Instead, the WHO introduced the HGBL category, characterized by MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangements. Cases that present as an intermediate phenotype of DLBCL and Burkitt lymphoma (BL will fall within this HGBL category. Very rarely, HT results in both the intermediate DLBCL and BL phenotypes and exhibits lymphoblastic features, in which case the WHO recommends that this morphologic appearance should be noted. In comparison with de novo patients with DLBCL, NOS, those with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 gene rearrangements have a worse prognosis. A 63-year-old woman presented with left neck adenopathy. Laboratory assessments, including complete blood count, complete metabolic panel, serum lactate dehydrogenase, and β 2 -microglobulin, were all normal. A whole-body computerized tomographic (CT scan revealed diffuse adenopathy above and below the diaphragm. An excisional node biopsy showed grade 3A nodular FL. The Ki67 labeling index was 40% to 50%. A bone marrow biopsy showed a small focus of paratrabecular CD20+ lymphoid aggregates. She received 6 cycles of bendamustine (90 mg/m 2 on days +1 and +2 and rituximab (375 mg/m 2 on day +2, with each cycle delivered every 4 weeks. A follow-up CT scan at completion of therapy showed a partial response with resolution of axillary adenopathy and a dramatic shrinkage of the large retroperitoneal nodes. After 18 months, she had crampy

  20. Biological characterization of adult MYC-translocation-positive mature B-cell lymphomas other than molecular Burkitt lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aukema, Sietse M.; Kreuz, Markus; Kohler, Christian W.; Rosolowski, Maciej; Hasenclever, Dirk; Hummel, Michael; Kueppers, Ralf; Lenze, Dido; Ott, German; Pott, Christiane; Richter, Julia; Rosenwald, Andreas; Szczepanowski, Monika; Schwaenen, Carsten; Stein, Harald; Trautmann, Heiko; Wessendorf, Swen; Truemper, Lorenz; Loeffler, Markus; Spang, Rainer; Kluin, Philip M.; Klapper, Wolfram; Siebert, Reiner

    Chromosomal translocations affecting the MYC oncogene are the biological hallmark of Burkitt lymphomas but also occur in a subset of other mature B-cell lymphomas. If accompanied by a chromosomal break targeting the BCL2 and/or BCL6 oncogene these MYC translocation-positive (MYC+) lymphomas are

  1. Burkitt's non-Hodgkins lymphoma presenting as facial nerve palsy in HIV-positive patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodcock, H; Nelson, M

    2011-02-01

    An isolated facial nerve palsy is rare as the presentation of a central nervous system lymphoma. In this case series, we present the clinical features of three HIV-positive patients presenting with facial nerve palsies due to HIV-associated Burkitt's lymphoma. These patients had a non-resolving facial paralysis, which occurred during a late stage of HIV. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) did not show leptomeningeal enhancement. Cerebrospinal fluid revealed a lymphocytosis with elevated protein and low glucose levels. The diagnosis of Burkitt's lymphoma was made on histology which showed the characteristic 'starry sky' appearance due to scattered tangible body-laden macrophages. The patients were commenced on the intensive chemotherapy regimen of CODOX-M/IVAC. Two patients died of disease progression and the third patient died of chemotherapy toxicity. This case series highlights the need for a high index of suspicion for underlying malignancy when a patient presents with a persistent facial paralysis in the later stages of HIV infection.

  2. Burkitt lymphoma in adolescents and young adults: management challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dozzo M

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Massimo Dozzo,1 Francesca Carobolante,1 Pietro Maria Donisi,2 Annamaria Scattolin,1 Elena Maino,1 Rosaria Sancetta,1 Piera Viero,1 Renato Bassan1 1Complex Operative Unit of Hematology, Ospedale dell’Angelo, 2Simple Departmental Operative Unit of Anatomic Pathology, Ospedale Ss. Giovanni e Paolo, Venice, Italy Abstract: About one-half of all Burkitt lymphoma (BL patients are younger than 40 years, and one-third belong to the adolescent and young adult (AYA subset, defined by an age between 15 and 25–40 years, based on selection criteria used in different reports. BL is an aggressive B-cell neoplasm displaying highly characteristic clinico-diagnostic features, the biologic hallmark of which is a translocation involving immunoglobulin and c-MYC genes. It presents as sporadic, endemic, or epidemic disease. Endemicity is pathogenetically linked to an imbalance of the immune system which occurs in African children infected by malaria parasites and Epstein–Barr virus, while the epidemic form strictly follows the pattern of infection by HIV. BL shows propensity to extranodal involvement of abdominal organs, bone marrow, and central nervous system, and can cause severe metabolic and renal impairment. Nevertheless, BL is highly responsive to specifically designed short-intensive, rotational multiagent chemotherapy programs, empowered by the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab. When carefully applied with appropriate supportive measures, these modern programs achieve a cure rate of approximately 90% in the average AYA patient, irrespective of clinical stage, which is the best result achievable in any aggressive lymphoid malignancy to date. The challenges ahead concern the following: optimization of management in underdeveloped countries, with reduction of diagnostic and referral-for-care intervals, and the applicability of currently curative regimens; the development of lower intensity but equally effective treatments for frail or

  3. Decitabine represses translocated MYC oncogene in Burkitt lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Hanfeng; Xie, Linka; Klapproth, Kay; Weitzer, Clarissa D; Wirth, Thomas; Ushmorov, Alexey

    2013-04-01

    Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is caused by translocation of the MYC gene to an immunoglobulin locus resulting in its constitutive expression depending on the activity of the immunoglobulin (Ig) enhancer elements. Treatment of BL cell lines with epigenetic modifiers is known to repress B-cell-specific genes and to up-regulate B-cell-inappropriate genes including the transcription repressor ID2 expression. We found that the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor decitabine/5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) represses the MYC oncogene on RNA and protein levels by inducing ID2. Down-regulation of MYC was associated with repression of transcriptional activity of the Ig locus and with inhibition of proliferation. The induction of ID2 can be in part explained by activation of the transcription factor NF-κB. We conclude that up-regulation of ID2 contributes to anti-tumour activity of 5-aza-dC via repression of Ig locus activity and consequently MYC expression. Copyright © 2013 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. Pseudomembranous colitis presenting as acute colonic obstruction without diarrhea in a patient with gastric Burkitt lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nomura, Kenichi; Fukumoto, Kohei; Shimizu, Daisuke; Okuda, Takashi; Yoshida, Naohisa; Kamitsuji, Yuri; Matsumoto, Yosuke; Konishi, Hideyuki; Ueda, Yuji; Horiike, Shigeo; Okanoue, Takeshi; Taniwaki, Masafumi

    2005-01-01

    Pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) usually manifests as fever and diarrhea in hospitalized patients treated with systemic antibiotics. We described a case of PMC with intestinal obstruction but without diarrhea. A 60-year-old man was hospitalized for chemotherapy for the treatment of Burkitt lymphoma of the stomach. The patient became febrile and complained of crampy abdominal pain during the post-chemotherapy nadir. Plain abdominal radiography showed some intestinal gas and niveau. Because stool cytotoxin assay for clostridium difficile was positive and colon fiberscopic examination showed a pseudomembrane at the left side of the colon, and a diagnosis of PMC was made. Treatment with intracolonic vancomycin administration by colonoscopy and nasoileus tube was successful. Physicians should take into account the possibility of bowel obstruction due to PMC occurring in patients undergoing chemotherapy and perform emergency colonoscopy examination of suspected cases. PMID:15849835

  5. Epstein-Barr virus and Burkitt's lymphoma worldwide: the causal relationship revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de-Thé, G

    1985-01-01

    Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) in tropical Africa represents by far the most common tumour in children between 0 and 14 years of age, 97% of the tumours being associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). In North Africa, the tumour is about ten times less frequent than in equatorial Africa, but, according to reports from Algeria, 85% of the cases appear to be associated with EBV. In Western countries, BL represents about 3% of childhood tumours, 10 to 15% of them EBV-associated. Thus, from the northern industrialized countries to the equatorial developing countries, increasing incidences of lymphomas of the BL type are paralleled by an increasing proportion of EBV-associated cases. The Ugandan BL prospective study showed that high antibody titres to viral capsid antigen (VCA) preceded BL development by many years, with a quantifiable relationship between the level of VCA antibodies and tumour risk. If an early and/or massive EBV primary infection seems to represent the critical event for BL development in equatorial Africa, the favourable conditions for EBV-associated tumours in North Africa and in Europe remain to be investigated. Malaria appears to favour BL development through an EBV-specific T-cell immune deficiency. Chromosomal translocations and oncogene activation, considered as the final step in lymphoma development, do not appear to be related to EBV. Intervention against the virus may represent the ultimate proof of a causal relationship between EBV and the majority of BL cases around the world.

  6. IGH switch breakpoints in Burkitt lymphoma : Exclusive involvement of noncanonical class switch recombination

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guikema, Jeroen E. J.; de Boer, Conny; Haralambieva, Eugenia; Smit, Laura A.; van Noesel, Carel J. M.; Schuuring, Ed; Kluin, Philip M.

    Most chromosomal t(8;14) translocations in sporadic Burkitt lymphomas (BL) are mediated by immunoglobulin class switch, recombination (CSR), yet all tumors express IgM, suggesting an incomplete or exclusively monoallelic CSR event. We studied the exact configuration of both the nontranslocated IGH

  7. A review of the literature on childhood Burkitt lymphoma in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Burkitt Lymphoma is common childhood tumour in sub Saharan Africa but the lack of centralized database on childhood cancer in Nigeria has made it difficult having a nationwide picture of its occurrence in the country. Objectives: This study was aimed at pooling published data from across the country with the ...

  8. IGH switch breakpoints in Burkitt lymphoma: exclusive involvement of noncanonical class switch recombination

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guikema, Jeroen E. J.; de Boer, Conny; Haralambieva, Eugenia; Smit, Laura A.; van Noesel, Carel J. M.; Schuuring, Ed; Kluin, Philip M.

    2006-01-01

    Most chromosomal t(8;14) translocations in sporadic Burkitt lymphomas (BL) are mediated by immunoglobulin class switch recombination (CSR), yet all tumors express IgM, suggesting an incomplete or exclusively monoallelic CSR event. We studied the exact configuration of both the nontranslocated IGH

  9. Burkitt lymphoma expresses oncofetal chondroitin sulfate without being a reservoir for placental malaria sequestration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerbaek, Mette Ø; Bento Ayres Pereira, Marina Maria; Clausen, Thomas M

    2017-01-01

    Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a malignant disease, which is frequently found in areas with holoendemic Plasmodium falciparum malaria. We have previously found that the VAR2CSA protein is present on malaria-infected erythrocytes and facilitates a highly specific binding to the placenta. ofCS is absent ...

  10. Virus-encoded microRNA contributes to the molecular profile of EBV-positive Burkitt lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piccaluga, Pier Paolo; Navari, Mohsen; De Falco, Giulia; Ambrosio, Maria Raffaella; Lazzi, Stefano; Fuligni, Fabio; Bellan, Cristiana; Rossi, Maura; Sapienza, Maria Rosaria; Laginestra, Maria Antonella; Etebari, Maryam; Rogena, Emily A; Tumwine, Lynnette; Tripodo, Claudio; Gibellini, Davide; Consiglio, Jessica; Croce, Carlo M; Pileri, Stefano A; Leoncini, Lorenzo

    2016-01-05

    Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive neoplasm characterized by consistent morphology and phenotype, typical clinical behavior and distinctive molecular profile. The latter is mostly driven by the MYC over-expression associated with the characteristic translocation (8;14) (q24; q32) or with variant lesions. Additional genetic events can contribute to Burkitt Lymphoma pathobiology and retain clinical significance. A pathogenetic role for Epstein-Barr virus infection in Burkitt lymphomagenesis has been suggested; however, the exact function of the virus is largely unknown.In this study, we investigated the molecular profiles (genes and microRNAs) of Epstein-Barr virus-positive and -negative BL, to identify specific patterns relying on the differential expression and role of Epstein-Barr virus-encoded microRNAs.First, we found significant differences in the expression of viral microRNAs and in selected target genes. Among others, we identified LIN28B, CGNL1, GCET2, MRAS, PLCD4, SEL1L, SXX1, and the tyrosine kinases encoding STK10/STK33, all provided with potential pathogenetic significance. GCET2, also validated by immunohistochemistry, appeared to be a useful marker for distinguishing EBV-positive and EBV-negative cases. Further, we provided solid evidences that the EBV-encoded microRNAs (e.g. BART6) significantly mold the transcriptional landscape of Burkitt Lymphoma clones.In conclusion, our data indicated significant differences in the transcriptional profiles of EBV-positive and EBV-negative BL and highlight the role of virus encoded miRNA.

  11. Burkitt lymphoma pathogenesis and therapeutic targets from structural and functional genomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitz, Roland; Young, Ryan M; Ceribelli, Michele; Jhavar, Sameer; Xiao, Wenming; Zhang, Meili; Wright, George; Shaffer, Arthur L; Hodson, Daniel J; Buras, Eric; Liu, Xuelu; Powell, John; Yang, Yandan; Xu, Weihong; Zhao, Hong; Kohlhammer, Holger; Rosenwald, Andreas; Kluin, Philip; Müller-Hermelink, Hans Konrad; Ott, German; Gascoyne, Randy D; Connors, Joseph M; Rimsza, Lisa M; Campo, Elias; Jaffe, Elaine S; Delabie, Jan; Smeland, Erlend B; Ogwang, Martin D; Reynolds, Steven J; Fisher, Richard I; Braziel, Rita M; Tubbs, Raymond R; Cook, James R; Weisenburger, Dennis D; Chan, Wing C; Pittaluga, Stefania; Wilson, Wyndham; Waldmann, Thomas A; Rowe, Martin; Mbulaiteye, Sam M; Rickinson, Alan B; Staudt, Louis M

    2012-10-04

    Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) can often be cured by intensive chemotherapy, but the toxicity of such therapy precludes its use in the elderly and in patients with endemic BL in developing countries, necessitating new strategies. The normal germinal centre B cell is the presumed cell of origin for both BL and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), yet gene expression analysis suggests that these malignancies may use different oncogenic pathways. BL is subdivided into a sporadic subtype that is diagnosed in developed countries, the Epstein-Barr-virus-associated endemic subtype, and an HIV-associated subtype, but it is unclear whether these subtypes use similar or divergent oncogenic mechanisms. Here we used high-throughput RNA sequencing and RNA interference screening to discover essential regulatory pathways in BL that cooperate with MYC, the defining oncogene of this cancer. In 70% of sporadic BL cases, mutations affecting the transcription factor TCF3 (E2A) or its negative regulator ID3 fostered TCF3 dependency. TCF3 activated the pro-survival phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase pathway in BL, in part by augmenting tonic B-cell receptor signalling. In 38% of sporadic BL cases, oncogenic CCND3 mutations produced highly stable cyclin D3 isoforms that drive cell cycle progression. These findings suggest opportunities to improve therapy for patients with BL.

  12. Improved outcome of adult Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia with rituximab and chemotherapy: report of a large prospective multicenter trial

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hoelzer, Dieter; Walewski, Jan; Döhner, Hartmut; Viardot, Andreas; Hiddemann, Wolfgang; Spiekermann, Karsten; Serve, Hubert; Dührsen, Ulrich; Hüttmann, Andreas; Thiel, Eckhard; Dengler, Jolanta; Kneba, Michael; Schaich, Markus; Schmidt-Wolf, Ingo G H; Beck, Joachim; Hertenstein, Bernd; Reichle, Albrecht; Domanska-Czyz, Katarzyna; Fietkau, Rainer; Horst, Heinz-August; Rieder, Harald; Schwartz, Stefan; Burmeister, Thomas; Gökbuget, Nicola

    2014-01-01

    This largest prospective multicenter trial for adult patients with Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia aimed to prove the efficacy and feasibility of short-intensive chemotherapy combined with the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab...

  13. Sickle cell trait is not associated with endemic Burkitt lymphoma: an ethnicity and malaria endemicity-matched case-control study suggests factors controlling EBV may serve as a predictive biomarker for this pediatric cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulama, David H; Bailey, Jeffrey A; Foley, Joslyn; Chelimo, Kiprotich; Ouma, Collins; Jura, Walter G Z O; Otieno, Juliana; Vulule, John; Moormann, Ann M

    2014-02-01

    Endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Plasmodium falciparum coinfections. Malaria appears to dysregulate immunity that would otherwise control EBV, thereby contributing to eBL etiology. Juxtaposed to human genetic variants associated with protection from malaria, it has been hypothesized that such variants could decrease eBL susceptibility, historically referred to as "the protective hypothesis." Past studies attempting to link sickle cell trait (HbAS), which is known to be protective against malaria, with protection from eBL were contradictory and underpowered. Therefore, using a case-control study design, we examined HbAS frequency in 306 Kenyan children diagnosed with eBL compared to 537 geographically defined and ethnically matched controls. We found 23.8% HbAS for eBL patients, which was not significantly different compared to 27.0% HbAS for controls [odds ratio (OR) = 0.85; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.61-1.17; p-value = 0.33]. Even though cellular EBV titers, indicative of the number of latently infected B cells, were significantly higher (p-value < 0.0003) in children residing in malaria holoendemic compared to hypoendemic areas, levels were not associated with HbAS genotype. Combined, this suggests that although HbAS protects against severe malaria and hyperparasitemia, it is not associated with viral control or eBL protection. However, based on receiver operating characteristic curves factors that enable the establishment of EBV persistence, in contrast to those involved in EBV lytic reactivation, may have utility as an eBL precursor biomarker. This has implications for future human genetic association studies to consider variants influencing control over EBV in addition to malaria as risk factors for eBL. © 2013 UICC.

  14. Modifying chemotherapeutic management of a patient with Burkitt's lymphoma and pre-existing motor neurone disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bortz, H; Coutsouvelis, J; Corallo, C E; Spencer, A; Patil, S

    2015-08-01

    Intensive chemotherapy for treatment of Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) - a high-grade lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) - can cause neurotoxicity. An association between motor neurone disease (MND) and LPDs has previously been described, but there is a lack of recommendations available to guide management of such patients. This report aims to describe suitable management of BL in a patient with MND. A 66-year-old woman with a history of MND affecting her limbs was diagnosed with bulky, extranodal, high-risk gastric BL. Standard chemotherapy is with multiple non-cross-resistant cytotoxic agents. To avoid exacerbation of neuropathy, six cycles of a modified regimen was planned, aiming to minimize exposure to the most neurotoxic agents. A PET-FDG-negative remission was obtained at 12 months, without the signs of central neurotoxicity, peripheral neuropathy or muscle weakness. High-intensity chemotherapy, minimizing known neurotoxic agents, was delivered safely and effectively in a patient with BL and pre-existing MND. More case descriptions are required to guide management decisions. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas with Burkitt-like cells are associated with c-Myc amplification and poor prognosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mossafa, H; Damotte, D; Jenabian, A; Delarue, R; Vincenneau, A; Amouroux, I; Jeandel, R; Khoury, E; Martelli, J M; Samson, T; Tapia, S; Flandrin, G; Troussard, X

    2006-09-01

    Out of 344 patients with newly diagnosed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), this study identified 16 patients presenting Burkitt-like cells (BLCs) after cytological and/or histological review. Conventional cytogenetic analysis showed at diagnosis complex chromosomal abnormalities in 13 cases and a normal karyotype in three cases. However, neither t(8;14)(q24;q32) nor the variants t(2;8)(p12;q24) or t(8;22)(q24;q11) was detected. FISH studies showed c-MYC amplification in all cases with four to more than seven copies in 10 - 77% metaphase or inter-phase cells. This study did not observe any gene fusion signal for c-MYC/IgH excluding a t(8;14) translocation and partial tri or polysomy of chromosome 8. It also excluded in that cases a break apart for the c-MYC locus. This study also never detected IgL/c-MYC, IgK/c-MYC or X-c-MYC. The BLCs were present whatever the lymphoma sub-type: follicular lymphoma (FL) was diagnosed in six out of 16 patients, mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) in four out of 16 patients, marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) in two out of 16 patients and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) in three out of 16 patients. One additional patient presented a T-cell lymphoma. The clinical course was aggressive with a poor prognosis, as death occurred in nine patients, within 6 months after diagnosis for eight of them. These data could suggest a sub-group of NHL patients (15 B-NHL, 1 T-NHL) have been identified with a poor prognosis characterized by the association of Burkitt-like cells and c-MYC amplification without t(8;14)(q24;q32) or its variants. The possibility that this profile may represent a distinct morphologic NHL sub-set remains to be determined on a large cohort of patients.

  16. 18F-FDG PET/CT metabolic activity assessment in infective and neoplastic diseases: a patient with systemic hydatidosis and concomitant Burkitt lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niccoli Asabella, Artor; Altini, Corinna; Pisani, Antonio Rosario; Ingravallo, Giuseppe; Rubini, Giuseppe

    2013-07-01

    We report a case of a 73-year-old-man with systemic hydatidosis and concomitant Burkitt lymphoma. He came at our attention for fever and weight loss suspected for parasitic cyst discharge and also for lymphoproliferative disorder. We performed US, which showed disseminated parasitic cysts. CECT showed parasitic cysts and also several abdominal and thoracic lymphnodes and adrenal hypodense tissue. 18F-FDG PET/CT was performed and showed lack of 18F-FDG uptake in cysts and high 18F-FDG uptake in lymphnodes and adrenal glands. These findings permitted us to exclude the cyst discharge, to localize a site for biopsy, and to define and stage the Burkitt lymphoma.

  17. [Treatment of childhood Burkitt lymphoma according to LMB89 protocol in Casablanca].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madani, Abdellah; Benhmiddoune, Leila; Zafad, Saadia; Harif, M'hamed; Quessar, Asmaa; Benchekroun, Said

    2005-02-01

    During the two last decades, the prognosis of children with Burkitt lymphoma has improved dramatically. Treating patients with Bukitt lymphoma in countries with limited resources is a challenge. We report our results in a serie of 95 children with Burkitt lymphoma treated between September 1990 and December 2000 according to SFOP LMB89 protocol. The median age was 45 months (range 8 months, 18 years). Seventy three percent of patients had abdominal tumor and 10% had maxillary tumor. According to Murphy classification, one patient had stage I, 17 patients stage II, 60 patients stage III and 17 patients stage IV. When considering the LMB prognosis groups, 1 patient was in group A, 83 were in group B and 11 were in group C. 73 patients were evaluables for treatment results. Complete remission was achieved in 50 patients, of whom 6 relapsed. 18 patients died from early treatment toxicity. The 5 years relapse free survival rate was 56%. It was at 100%, 84%, 52% and 38% for stage I, II, III and IV respectively. These results are below what is expected with this protocol. Improvement of supportive-care is the main condition to reach western results.

  18. Adult high-grade B-cell lymphoma with Burkitt lymphoma signature: genomic features and potential therapeutic targets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouska, Alyssa; Bi, Chengfeng; Lone, Waseem; Zhang, Weiwei; Kedwaii, Ambreen; Heavican, Tayla; Lachel, Cynthia M; Yu, Jiayu; Ferro, Roberto; Eldorghamy, Nanees; Greiner, Timothy C; Vose, Julie; Weisenburger, Dennis D; Gascoyne, Randy D; Rosenwald, Andreas; Ott, German; Campo, Elias; Rimsza, Lisa M; Jaffe, Elaine S; Braziel, Rita M; Siebert, Reiner; Miles, Rodney R; Dave, Sandeep; Reddy, Anupama; Delabie, Jan; Staudt, Louis M; Song, Joo Y; McKeithan, Timothy W; Fu, Kai; Green, Michael; Chan, Wing C; Iqbal, Javeed

    2017-10-19

    The adult high-grade B-cell lymphomas sharing molecular features with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) are highly aggressive lymphomas with poor clinical outcome. High-resolution structural and functional genomic analysis of adult Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and high-grade B-cell lymphoma with BL gene signature (adult-molecularly defined BL [mBL]) revealed the MYC-ARF-p53 axis as the primary deregulated pathway. Adult-mBL had either unique or more frequent genomic aberrations (del13q14, del17p, gain8q24, and gain18q21) compared with pediatric-mBL, but shared commonly mutated genes. Mutations in genes promoting the tonic B-cell receptor (BCR)→PI3K pathway (TCF3 and ID3) did not differ by age, whereas effectors of chronic BCR→NF-κB signaling were associated with adult-mBL. A subset of adult-mBL had BCL2 translocation and mutation and elevated BCL2 mRNA and protein expression, but had a mutation profile similar to mBL. These double-hit lymphomas may have arisen from a tumor precursor that acquired both BCL2 and MYC translocations and/or KMT2D (MLL2) mutation. Gain/amplification of MIR17HG and its paralogue loci was observed in 50% of adult-mBL. In vitro studies suggested miR-17∼92's role in constitutive activation of BCR signaling and sensitivity to ibrutinib. Overall integrative analysis identified an interrelated gene network affected by copy number and mutation, leading to disruption of the p53 pathway and the BCR→PI3K or NF-κB activation, which can be further exploited in vivo by small-molecule inhibitors for effective therapy in adult-mBL.

  19. Cholesterol-dependent infection of Burkitt's lymphoma cell lines by Epstein-Barr virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katzman, Rebecca B; Longnecker, Richard

    2003-11-01

    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is a multi-step process, first requiring virus binding to the host cell, followed by fusion of the viral envelope with the host cell plasma membrane. Efficient EBV entry into B cells requires, at the minimum, the interaction of the EBV-encoded glycoproteins gp350 with cellular CD21 and gp42 with MHC class II proteins. In this study, use of the cholesterol-binding drugs methyl-beta-cyclodextrin and nystatin efficiently inhibited EBV infection of target Burkitt's lymphoma B-cell lines, indicating an important role for cholesterol and suggesting the involvement of lipid rafts in EBV infection.

  20. Burkitt`s lymphoma involving the femur in a 12 year old girl a rare ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this report we described a case of 12-year-old female who presented to our hospital with a 2 months history of painful swollen left thigh and 6 weeks history of lower abdominal swelling associated with ... Abdominal pelvic ultrasound revealed intrabdominal involvement to the Liver, left Kidney and para-aortic lymphnodes.

  1. pRb2/p130 protein expression and RBL2 mutation analysis in Burkitt lymphoma from Uganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wabinga Henry

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The members of the retinoblastoma protein family, pRb, p107 and pRb2 (p130, are central players in controlling the cell cycle. Whereas disturbed function of pRb is commonly seen in human cancers, it is still an open question whether pRb2 is involved in tumorigenic processes. However, altered subcellular localization of pRb2 and mutations in the pRb2-encoding gene RBL2 have been described for some tumours, including Burkitt lymphomas (BL. Methods We retrieved 51 biopsy specimens of endemic BL cases from Uganda. The expression of pRb2 was determined by immunohistochemistry. Exons 19–22 of the RBL2 gene, the region known to contain a nuclear localization signal, were screened for mutations by PCR amplification and direct DNA sequencing. Results Nearly all of our cases (84.0% were positive for pRb2 protein expression although this protein is a marker for growth arrest and Burkitt lymphoma is characterized by a high proliferation rate. Of the positive cases, 73.8% were scored as expressing the protein at a high level. Subcellular pRb2 localization was predominantly nuclear and no cases with expression restricted to the cytoplasm were observed. We did not detect any RBL2 mutations in the part of the gene that encodes the C-terminal end of the protein. Conclusion The majority of endemic BL cases from Uganda express pRb2, but somatic RBL2 mutations affecting the protein's nuclear localization signal appear to be rare.

  2. Malaria, Epstein-Barr virus infection and the pathogenesis of Burkitt's lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mawson, Anthony R; Majumdar, Suvankar

    2017-11-01

    A geographical and causal connection has long been recognized between malaria, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), but the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. Potential clues are that the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum selectively absorbs vitamin A from the host and depends on it for its biological activities; secondly, alterations in vitamin A (retinoid) metabolism have been implicated in many forms of cancer, including BL. The first author has proposed that the merozoite-stage malaria parasite, emerging from the liver, uses its absorbed vitamin A as a cell membrane destabilizer to invade the red blood cells, causing anemia and other signs and symptoms of the disease as manifestations of an endogenous form of hypervitaminosis A (Mawson AR, Path Global Health 2013;107(3):122-9). Repeated episodes of malaria would therefore be expected to expose the tissues of affected individuals to potentially toxic doses of vitamin A. It is proposed that such episodes activate latent EBV infection, which in turn activates retinoid-responsive genes. Expression of these genes enhances viral replication and induces germinal center (GC) B cell expansion, activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) expression, and c-myc translocation, which in turn predisposes to BL. Thus, an endogenous form of retinoid toxicity related to malaria infection may be the common factor linking frequent malaria, EBV infection and BL, whereby prolonged exposure of lymphatic tissues to high concentrations of retinoids may combine to induce B-cell translocation and increase the risk of Burkitt's lymphoma. © 2017 UICC.

  3. Resveratrol-induced cytotoxicity in human Burkitt's lymphoma cells is coupled to the unfolded protein response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Ying

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Resveratrol (RES, a natural phytoalexin found at high levels in grapes and red wine, has been shown to induce anti-proliferation and apoptosis of human cancer cell lines. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are at present only partially understood. Method The effects of RES on activation of unfolded protein responses (UPR were evaluated using Western blotting, semi-quantitative and real-time RT-PCR. Cell death was evaluated using Annexin V/PI staining and subsequent FACS. Results Similar as tunicamycin, treatment with RES lead to the activation of all 3 branches of the UPR, with early splicing of XBP-1 indicative of IRE1 activation, phosphorylation of eIF2α consistent with ER resident kinase (PERK activation, activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6 splicing, and increase in expression levels of the downstream molecules GRP78/BiP, GRP94 and CHOP/GADD153 in human Burkitt's lymphoma Raji and Daudi cell lines. RES was shown to induce cell death, which could be attenuated by thwarting upregulation of CHOP. Conclusions Our data suggest that activation of the apoptotic arm of the UPR and its downstream effector CHOP/GADD153 is involved, at least in part, in RES-induced apoptosis in Burkitt's lymphoma cells.

  4. [Effects of mTOR Inhibitor Rapamycin on Burkitt's Lymphoma Cells].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Lun-Huan; Zhu, Xiong-Peng; Xiao, Hui-Fang; Xin, Peng-Liang; Li, Chun-Tuan

    2017-10-01

    To explore the effects of mTOR inhibitor rapamycin on proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of Burkitt's lymphoma cell line Raji and CA46 cells and its mechanism, so as to provide the experimental evidence for a therapeutic target of Burkitt's lymphoma. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide(MTT) assay was performed to assess the inhibitory effect of rapamycin on proliferation of Burkitt's lymphoma cell line Raji and CA46 cells. The cell cycle distribution of Raji and CA46 cells was analyzed by flow cytometry with propidium iodide(PI) single staining. The cell apoptosis of Raji and CA46 cells was analyzed by flow cytometry with FITC Annexin V+PI double staining. The expressions of RPS6, p-RPS6, survivin and caspase-3 proteins were detected by Western blot after treating with rapamycin. Rapamycin markedly inhibited the proliferation of both Raji and CA46 cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manners, showing good biological activity, the cell proliferation inhibition rate reached about 20% after treatment with 1 nmol/L rapamycin. After treatment with different concentrations of rapamycin for 24 and 48 hours, the proportion of both cells in G1/G0 phase in the treated groups was significantly increased in a time- and concentration-dependent manners in comparison with the solvent control group. With regard to the cells in S and G2/M phase, the decreased population was accompanied by the increase of G1/G0 phase cells. After treatment with 100 nmol/L rapamycin for 48 hours, both Raji and CA46 cells demonstrated an apparent apoptosis,especially late apoptosis by flow cytometry with Annexin V+PI staining. After treatment with rapamycin, the expression of p-RPS6 and survivin of Raji and CA46 cells was obviously down-regulated, the expression of caspase-3 was obviously up-regulated in a time- and dose-dependent manners. However, rapamycin did not obviously affect the expression of RPS6. The rapamycin can effectively inhibit cell proliferation

  5. Translocations involving 8q24 in Burkitt lymphoma and other malignant lymphomas : a historical review of cytogenetics in the light of todays knowledge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boerma, E. G.; Siebert, R.; Kluin, P. M.; Baudis, M.

    Burkitt lymphoma (BL) has a characteristic clinical presentation, morphology, immunophenotype and primary chromosomal aberration, that is, the translocation t(8;14)(q24;q32) or its variants. However, diagnostic dilemmas may arise in daily practice due to overlap of BL with subsets of other

  6. Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma: Long-term Outcome in 87 Patients Who Presented With Paraplegia in Cameroon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hesseling, P B; Mbah, G; Kouya, F; Kimbi, C; Nfor, P; Kaah, J; Kuruvilla, R; Best, A; Wharin, P

    2015-01-01

    The reported long-term outcome of endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) patients who present with paraplegia is largely unknown. Records of BL patients treated with comparable short-interval cyclophosphamide chemotherapy schedules between 2004 and 2014 at three Baptist mission hospitals in Cameroon were reviewed. Survivors were followed up and examined at home or in hospital. Eighty-seven of 948 (9.2%) patients had paraplegia at diagnosis. The survival rate in eBL patients with paraplegia at diagnosis was 33% (n = 29) after follow-up of between 2 and 96 (median 40) months. Seven patients (24%) had neurological sequelae and needed rehabilitation. There was no relationship between the duration of symptoms (4 weeks) and the survival rate or the risk to have neurological sequelae. The survival rate and risk for sequelae were similar in patients with confirmed St. Jude stage III and IV diseases.

  7. Double-Hit Lymphoma Presenting as Primary Renal Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikas Mehta

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available B-cell lymphomas with concurrent IGH-BCL2 and MYC rearrangements, also known as “double hit” lymphomas (DHL, are rare neoplasms characterized by highly aggressive clinical behavior, complex karyotypes, and a spectrum of pathological features overlapping with Burkitt lymphoma (BL and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. Primary renal lymphoma (PRL by definition is a renal lymphoma without evidence of systemic involvement. PRL is extremely rare with less than 100 cases of both Hodgkin disease and non-Hodgkin lymphoma reported in literature. Double hit lymphomas have extremely poor prognosis, and high resistance to intensive chemotherapy, including high-dose chemotherapy. We describe a very rare case of DHL arising in kidney as PRL in whom concurrent IGH-BCL2 and MYC rearrangements were detected. [J Interdiscipl Histopathol 2013; 1(2.000: 93-97

  8. Diagnosis of 'double hit' diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between DLBCL and Burkitt lymphoma: when and how, FISH versus IHC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swerdlow, Steven H

    2014-12-05

    Identification of large B-cell lymphomas that are "extra-aggressive" and may require therapy other than that used for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (DLBCL, NOS), is of great interest. Large B-cell lymphomas with MYC plus BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangements, so-called 'double hit' (DHL) or 'triple hit' (THL) lymphomas, are one such group of cases often recognized using cytogenetic FISH studies. Whether features such as morphologic classification, BCL2 expression, or type of MYC translocation partner may mitigate the very adverse prognosis of DHL/THL is controversial. Classification of the DHL/THL is also controversial, with most either dividing them up between the DLBCL, NOS and B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between DLBCL and Burkitt lymphoma (BCLU) categories or classifying at least the majority as BCLU. The BCLU category itself has many features that overlap those of DHL/THL. Currently, there is growing interest in the use of MYC and other immunohistochemistry either to help screen for DHL/THL or to identify "double-expressor" (DE) large B-cell lymphomas, defined in most studies as having ≥40% MYC+ and ≥50%-70% BCL2+ cells. DE large B-cell lymphomas are generally aggressive, although not as aggressive as DHL/THL, are more common than DHL/THL, and are more likely to have a nongerminal center phenotype. Whether single MYC rearrangements or MYC expression alone is of clinical importance is controversial. The field of the DHL/THL and DE large B-cell lymphomas is becoming more complex, with many issues left to resolve; however, great interest remains in identifying these cases while more is learned about them. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology. All rights reserved.

  9. Distinctions between endemic and sporadic forms of Epstein-Barr virus-positive Burkitt's lymphoma.

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    Rowe, M; Rooney, C M; Rickinson, A B; Lenoir, G M; Rupani, H; Moss, D J; Stein, H; Epstein, M A

    1985-04-15

    Tumour cell lines were established in vitro from 16 cases of Epstein-Barr (EB) virus genome-positive Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), 7 of "endemic" origin (i.e. from holoendemic malarial areas of Africa and of New Guinea) and 9 of "sporadic" origin (i.e. from outside such high-incidence areas). All the BL cell lines thus established were monoclonal by immunoglobulin isotype expression and displayed a characteristic chromosomal translocation, t(8:14) or t(8:22), confirming their malignant origin. Clear differences observed between the individual BL cell lines appeared to be related to their endemic or sporadic status. All 7 endemic cell lines began growth as a carpet of single cells, often with small, loose clumps appearing in later passage. Whilst 3 lines of sporadic origin displayed a similar pattern to the above, the majority of sporadic lines grew as large, tight clumps of cells from the first passage onwards. These differences in growth pattern were reflected by differences in cell surface phenotype, as defined in indirect immunofluorescence tests using a panel of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific for B-lineage-associated antigens. BL cell lines could be classified into 3 separate groups on the basis of their reactivity with 6 particular antibodies (MHM6, AC2, Ki-1, Ki-24, J5 and 38.13). All 7 endemic BL cell lines and 2 of the 3 sporadic BL cell lines which began growth as single cells showed a group-I cell-surface phenotype (MHM6, AC2, Ki-1, Ki-24 negative; J5, 38.13 positive) in early passage. In contrast, all 6 sporadic BL cell lines which began growth in large clumps displayed a distinct group-II phenotype (MHM6, AC2, Ki-1 positive/negative; Ki-24, J5, 38.13 positive); in later passage most of these sporadic lines progressed to a group-III phenotype (MHM6, AC2, Ki-1, Ki-24 positive; J5, 38.13 negative) without loss of those immunoglobulin and chromosomal markers identifying the cells' malignant origin. These clear differences between endemic BL cell lines on

  10. Erroneous class switching and false VDJ recombination: molecular dissection of t(8;14)/MYC-IGH translocations in Burkitt-type lymphoblastic leukemia/B-cell lymphoma.

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    Burmeister, Thomas; Molkentin, Mara; Schwartz, Stefan; Gökbuget, Nicola; Hoelzer, Dieter; Thiel, Eckhard; Reinhardt, Richard

    2013-08-01

    The chromosomal translocation t(8;14)(q24;q32) with juxtaposition of MYC to enhancer elements in the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) gene locus is the genetic hallmark of the majority of Burkitt lymphoma and a subset of Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients. Around 3% of adult B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients show this aberration. Flow cytometry mostly reveals a "mature B-ALL" or "Burkitt-type" ALL immunophenotype. Using long-distance PCR for t(8;14)/MYC-IGH fusion, we investigated bone marrow, peripheral blood and a few other samples with suspected Burkitt-ALL or mature B-ALL and identified 133 MYC-IGH-positive cases. The location of the chromosomal breaks in the IGH joining and the 8 different switch regions was determined using a set of long-distance PCRs. The chromosomal breakpoints with the adjacent MYC regions on 8q24 were characterized by direct sequencing in 49 cases. The distribution of chromosomal breaks among the IGH joining and switch regions was the following: JH 23.3%, M 21.8%, G1 15.0%, G2 7.5%, G3 3.8%, G4 4.5%, A1 12.8%, A2 3.8%, E 7.5%. Two breakpoint clusters near MYC were delineated. There was no clear correlation between the degree of somatic hypermutation and the chromosomal break locations. Epstein Barr virus was detected in 5 cases (4%). This detailed and extensive molecular analysis illustrates the molecular complexity of the MYC-IGH translocations and the detected distribution of breakpoints provides additional evidence that this translocation results from failed switch and VDJ recombinations. This study may serve as a model for the analysis of other IGH translocations in B-cell lymphoma. Copyright © 2013 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Parthenolide induces apoptosis and lytic cytotoxicity in Epstein-Barr virus-positive Burkitt lymphoma

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    LI, YUAN; ZHANG, YONGLI; FU, MINGMING; YAO, QIN; ZHUO, HUIQIN; LU, QUANYI; NIU, XIAOQING; ZHANG, PENG; PEI, YIHUA; ZHANG, KEJIE

    2012-01-01

    Burkitt lymphoma (BL) has been reported to be strongly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. The fact that EBV is generally present in cancer cells but rarely found in healthy cells represents an opportunity for targeted cancer therapy. One approach is to activate the lytic replication cycle of the latent EBV. Nuclear factor (NF)-κB is thought to play an essential role in EBV lytic infection. Elevated NF-κB levels inhibit EBV lytic replication. Parthenolide (PN) is a sesquiterpene lactone found in medicinal plants, particularly in feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium). The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of PN on the survival of Raji EBV-positive lymphoma cells. Raji cells were treated with 0, 4 or 6 μmol/l PN for 48 h. MTT assay and western blot analysis were performed to evaluate the findings. Results showd that PN suppressed the growth of the EBV-positive BL cell line, Raji, and activated the transcription of BZLF1 and BRLF1 by inhibiting NF-κB activity. Most notably, when PN was used in combination with ganciclovir (GCV), the cytotoxic effect of PN was amplified. These data suggest that the induction of lytic EBV infection with PN in combination with GCV may be a viral-targeted therapy for EBV-associated BL. PMID:22735892

  12. Screening for Residual Disease in Pediatric Burkitt Lymphoma Using Consensus Primer Pools

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    Melissa Agsalda

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Assessing molecular persistent or minimal residual disease (PD/MRD in childhood Burkitt lymphoma (BL is challenging because access to original tumor is usually needed to design patient-specific primers (PSPs. Because BL is characterized by rearranged immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgVH genes, IgVH primer pools from IgVH1–IgVH7 regions were tested to detect PD/MRD, thus eliminating the need for original tumor. The focus of the current study was to assess the feasibility of using IgVH primer pools to detect disease in clinical specimens. Fourteen children diagnosed with B-NHL had follow-up repository specimens available to assess PD/MRD. Of the 14 patients, 12 were PD/MRD negative after 2 months of therapy and remained in remission at the end of therapy; 2/14 patients were PD/MRD positive at 2-3 months and later relapsed. PSP-based assays from these 14 patients showed 100% concordance with the current assay. This feasibility study warrants further investigation to assess PD/MRD using IgVH primer pools, which could have clinical significance as a real-time assessment tool to monitor pediatric BL and possibly other B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma therapy.

  13. A Role for RNA Viruses in the Pathogenesis of Burkitt's Lymphoma: The Need for Reappraisal

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    Corry van den Bosch

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Certain infectious agents are associated with lymphomas, but the strength of the association varies geographically, suggesting that local environmental factors make important contributions to lymphomagenesis. Endemic Burkitt’s Lymphoma has well-defined environmental requirements making it particularly suitable for research into local environmental factors. The Epstein-Barr virus and holoendemic Malaria are recognized as important cofactors in endemic Burkitt’s Lymphoma and their contributions are discussed. Additionally, infection with Chikungunya Fever, a potentially oncogenic arbovirus, was associated with the onset of endemic Burkitt’s Lymphoma in one study and also with space-time case clusters of the lymphoma. Chikungunya Virus has several characteristics typical of oncogenic viruses. The Flavivirus, Hepatitis C, a Class 1 Human Carcinogen, closely related to the arboviruses, Yellow Fever, and Dengue, is also more distantly related to Chikungunya Virus. The mechanisms of oncogenesis believed to operate in Hepatitis C lymphomagenesis are discussed, as is their potential applicability to Chikungunya Virus.

  14. Different Mechanisms of Regulation of the Warburg Effect in Lymphoblastoid and Burkitt Lymphoma Cells.

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    Mushtaq, Muhammad; Darekar, Suhas; Klein, George; Kashuba, Elena

    2015-01-01

    The Warburg effect is one of the hallmarks of cancer and rapidly proliferating cells. It is known that the hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A) and MYC proteins cooperatively regulate expression of the HK2 and PDK1 genes, respectively, in the Burkitt lymphoma (BL) cell line P493-6, carrying an inducible MYC gene repression system. However, the mechanism of aerobic glycolysis in BL cells has not yet been fully understood. Western blot analysis showed that the HIF1A protein was highly expressed in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive BL cell lines. Using biochemical assays and quantitative PCR (Q-PCR), we found that-unlike in lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs)-the MYC protein was the master regulator of the Warburg effect in these BL cell lines. Inhibition of the transactivation ability of MYC had no influence on aerobic glycolysis in LCLs, but it led to decreased expression of MYC-dependent genes and lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) activity in BL cells. Our data suggest that aerobic glycolysis, or the Warburg effect, in BL cells is regulated by MYC expressed at high levels, whereas in LCLs, HIF1A is responsible for this phenomenon.

  15. The human zinc-finger protein-7 gene is located 90 kb 3' of MYC and is not expressed in Burkitt lymphoma cell lines.

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    Feduchi, E; Gallego, M I; Lazo, P A

    1994-09-15

    The zinc-finger gene-7 (ZNF7) was located 90 kb 3' of MYC on human chromosome 8 band q24 by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). This position lies between the MLV14 and BVR1 loci, 2 variant translocation breakpoints in Burkitt lymphomas. The structure of the ZNF7 gene was not altered by translocations in Burkitt-lymphoma cell lines as shown by its germline-restriction map configuration. The chromosomal region surrounding the ZNF7 gene was extensively methylated. The ZNF7 gene was not expressed in 19 BL cell lines. Expression was detected only in the BL41 and BL47 cell lines and in the SW756 cervical-carcinoma cell line. The RNA in each was of a different size. We postulate that the lack of ZNF7 expression in Burkitt lymphomas might contribute to the tumor phenotype.

  16. Analysis of stepwise genetic changes in an AIDS-related Burkitt's lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fais, F; Fronza, G; Roncella, S; Inga, A; Campomenosi, P; Cutrona, G; Pezzolo, A; Fedeli, F; Abbondandolo, A; Chiorazzi, N; Pistoia, V; Ferrarini, M

    2000-12-01

    In this study, immunoglobulin variable (Ig V) region genes, c-myc re-arrangement and sequence and p53 status were analyzed in clones derived from a Burkitt's lymphoma cell line (LAM) in which it was previously demonstrated that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection occurred late during lymphomagenesis. Such evidence was based on the finding that 2 groups of cellular clones, characterized by the same c-myc re-arrangement but different EBV-fused termini, were obtained from the LAM cell line. The Ig V gene sequences were identical for the 2 groups of clones with different EBV-fused termini. The Ig variable heavy (V(H)) gene sequence displayed a substantial accumulation of point mutations (but no intra-clonal diversification), whereas the productive Ig V lambda (V(lambda)) gene sequence was virtually unmutated. Studies on the Ig V kappa (V(kappa)) locus suggested a receptor revision event (with a switch from kappa to lambda chain production) prior to EBV infection. Likewise, it was determined that the mutations observed in both p53 alleles and in the re-arranged c-myc gene occurred before EBV infection. Based on these findings, we present a model for the various steps of lymphomagenesis. It is proposed that stimulation by an antigen or a superantigen initially favored the clonal expansion and accumulation of other cytogenetic changes, including those involved in receptor editing. These events occurred prior to or during the germinal center (GC) phase of B-cell maturation. Thereafter, possibly upon exit of the cells from the GC, EBV infection occurred, further promoting lymphomagenesis. Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  17. Effects of mTOR and calcineurin inhibitors combined therapy in Epstein-Barr virus positive and negative Burkitt lymphoma cells.

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    Wowro, Sylvia J; Schmitt, Katharina R L; Tong, Giang; Berger, Felix; Schubert, Stephan

    2016-01-01

    Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder is a severe complication in solid organ transplant recipients, which is highly associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection in pediatric patients and occasionally presents as Burkitt- or Burkitt-like lymphoma. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway has been described as a possible antitumor target whose inhibition may influence lymphoma development and proliferation after pediatric transplantation. We treated Epstein-Barr virus positive (Raji and Daudi) and negative (Ramos) human Burkitt lymphoma derived cells with mTOR inhibitor everolimus alone and in combination with clinically relevant immunosuppressive calcineurin inhibitors (tacrolimus or cyclosporin A). Cell proliferation, toxicity, and mitochondrial metabolic activity were analyzed. The effect on mTOR Complex 1 downstream targets p70 S6 kinase, eukaryotic initiation factor 4G, and S6 ribosomal protein activation was also investigated. We observed that treatment with everolimus alone significantly decreased Burkitt lymphoma cell proliferation and mitochondrial metabolic activity. Everolimus in combination with cyclosporin A had a stronger suppressive effect in Epstein-Barr virus negative but not in Epstein-Barr virus positive cells. In contrast, tacrolimus completely abolished the everolimus-mediated suppressive effects. Moreover, we showed a significant decrease in activation of mTOR Complex 1 downstream targets after treatment with everolimus that was attenuated when combined with tacrolimus, but not with cyclosporin A. For the first time we showed the competitive effect between everolimus and tacrolimus when used as combination therapy on Burkitt lymphoma derived cells. Thus, according to our in vitro data, the combination of calcineurin inhibitor cyclosporin A with everolimus is preferred to the combination of tacrolimus and everolimus. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. HIV-Associated Burkitt Lymphoma: Good Efficacy and Tolerance of Intensive Chemotherapy Including CODOX-M/IVAC with or without Rituximab in the HAART Era

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    J. A. Rodrigo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The outcome of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL has improved substantially in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART era. However, HIV-Burkitt lymphoma (BL, which accounts for up to 20% of HIV-NHL, has poor outcome with standard chemotherapy. Patients and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed HIV-BL treated in the HAART era with the Magrath regimen (CODOX-M/IVAC±R at four Canadian centres. Results. Fourteen patients with HIV-BL received at least one CODOX-M/IVAC±R treatment. Median age at BL diagnosis was 45.5 years, CD4 count 375 cells/mL and HIV viral load (VL 250 cells/mL and undetectable, respectively, in 4. Conclusion. Intensive chemotherapy with CODOX-M/IVAC±R yielded acceptable toxicity and good survival rates in patients with HIV-associated Burkitt lymphoma receiving HAART.

  19. Regulatory T Cells in Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma Patients Are Associated with Poor Outcomes: A Prospective, Longitudinal Study.

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    Emily Parsons

    Full Text Available Deficiencies in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV-specific T cell immunosurveillance appear to precede the development of endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL, a malaria-associated pediatric cancer common in sub-Saharan Africa. However, T cell contributions to eBL disease progression and survival have not been characterized. Our objective was to investigate regulatory and inflammatory T cell responses in eBL patients associated with clinical outcomes. By multi-parameter flow cytometry, we examined peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 38 eBL patients enrolled in a prospective cohort study in Kisumu, Kenya from 2008-2010, and 14 healthy age-matched Kenyan controls. Children diagnosed with eBL were prospectively followed and outcomes categorized as 2-year event-free survivors, cases of relapses, or those who died. At the time of diagnosis, eBL children with higher CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T (Treg cell frequencies were less likely to survive than patients with lower Treg frequencies (p = 0·0194. Non-survivors also had higher absolute counts of CD45RA+Foxp3lo naïve and CD45RA-Foxp3hi effector Treg subsets compared to survivors and healthy controls. Once patients went into clinical remission, Treg frequencies remained low in event-free survivors. Patients who relapsed, however, showed elevated Treg frequencies months prior to their adverse event. Neither concurrent peripheral blood EBV load nor malaria infection could explain higher Treg cell frequencies. CD8+ T cell PD-1 expression was elevated in all eBL patients at time of diagnosis, but relapse patients tended to have persistently high PD-1 expression compared to long-term survivors. Non-survivors produced more CD4+ T-cell IL-10 in response to both Epstein-Barr Nuclear Antigen-1 (EBNA-1 (p = 0·026 and the malaria antigen Plasmodium falciparum Schizont Egress Antigen-1 (p = 0·0158 compared to survivors, and were concurrently deficient in (EBNA-1-specific CD8+ T-cell derived IFN-γ production (p = 0·002. In

  20. miR expression in MYC-negative DLBCL/BL with partial trisomy 11 is similar to classical Burkitt lymphoma and different from diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

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    Zajdel, Michalina; Rymkiewicz, Grzegorz; Chechlinska, Magdalena; Blachnio, Katarzyna; Pienkowska-Grela, Barbara; Grygalewicz, Beata; Goryca, Krzysztof; Cieslikowska, Maria; Bystydzienski, Zbigniew; Swoboda, Pawel; Walewski, Jan; Siwicki, Jan Konrad

    2015-07-01

    Fast and reliable differential diagnosis of Burkitt lymphoma (BL) vs. diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is of major importance for therapeutic decisions and patient outcome. Aggressive B cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (B-NHLs) that do not belong to the abovementioned entities were categorized by the current WHO lymphoma classification as "B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between DLBCL and BL" (DLBCL/BL). We have recently described a DLBCL/BL subgroup with recurrent chromosome 11q aberrations, resembling BL (B-NHLs[11q]). Here, we analyzed 102 prospectively collected fine needle aspirates from patients with aggressive B-NHLs in order to investigate the potential of microRNA (miR)-155, its precursor BIC, as well as miR-21 and miR-26a to differentiate BL from DLBCL, and from DLBCL/BL that include B-NHLs[11q]. Both BL and DLBCL/BL cases, including B-NHLs[11q], demonstrated significantly lower expression levels of miR-155/BIC, miR-21, and miR-26a compared to primary DLBCL. In conclusion, the miRs expression in B-NHLs[11q] provides a new suggestion, in addition to pathomorphological and clinical similarities between classical, i.e., MYC translocation-positive BL, and B-NHLs[11q], to recognize the B-NHLs[11q] subgroup of DLBCL/BL category as a MYC translocation-negative variant of BL in most cases, and points to the potential utility of miR-155/BIC/miR-21/miR-26a for the differential diagnosis of a heterogeneous category of DLBCL/BL.

  1. Paediatric lymphoma in China: a clinicopathological study of 213 cases.

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    Wang, Jia; Wu, Xv; Shen, Yuetian; Xi, Zhengjun

    2012-12-01

    This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate information on paediatric lymphoma in China. We reviewed the pathological files of patients less than 12 years of age with lymphoma in Shanghai Xinhua Hospital from January 1982 to June 2009. SPSS version 11.0 was used to analyse the results. Of the 213 subjects, 176 (82.6%) had non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and 37 (17.4%) had Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). All NHL cases had diffuse and high grade tumours, and 33.5% of these tumours primarily involved extra-nodal sites. Of the NHL cases, 56.6%, 43.3%, and 1.7% were derived from T, B, and null cells, respectively. Lymphoblastic lymphoma (LL, 50.6%), Burkitt's lymphoma (BL, 28.4%), and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL, 12.5%) comprised the majority of the NHL cases. A significant difference was found in the frequency of stage I/II cases between LL and ALCL. Paediatric HL resembled the disease in adults. Paediatric lymphoma in China is different from that in Western countries with respect to the incidence rate of HL and BL. The distribution pattern of NHL histological subtypes is more similar to that in Japan than that in Pakistan. These features suggest ethnic or geographic variations.

  2. Rapid and label-free separation of Burkitt's lymphoma cells from red blood cells by optically-induced electrokinetics.

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    Wenfeng Liang

    Full Text Available Early stage detection of lymphoma cells is invaluable for providing reliable prognosis to patients. However, the purity of lymphoma cells in extracted samples from human patients' marrow is typically low. To address this issue, we report here our work on using optically-induced dielectrophoresis (ODEP force to rapidly purify Raji cells' (a type of Burkitt's lymphoma cell sample from red blood cells (RBCs with a label-free process. This method utilizes dynamically moving virtual electrodes to induce negative ODEP force of varying magnitudes on the Raji cells and RBCs in an optically-induced electrokinetics (OEK chip. Polarization models for the two types of cells that reflect their discriminate electrical properties were established. Then, the cells' differential velocities caused by a specific ODEP force field were obtained by a finite element simulation model, thereby established the theoretical basis that the two types of cells could be separated using an ODEP force field. To ensure that the ODEP force dominated the separation process, a comparison of the ODEP force with other significant electrokinetics forces was conducted using numerical results. Furthermore, the performance of the ODEP-based approach for separating Raji cells from RBCs was experimentally investigated. The results showed that these two types of cells, with different concentration ratios, could be separated rapidly using externally-applied electrical field at a driven frequency of 50 kHz at 20 Vpp. In addition, we have found that in order to facilitate ODEP-based cell separation, Raji cells' adhesion to the OEK chip's substrate should be minimized. This paper also presents our experimental results of finding the appropriate bovine serum albumin concentration in an isotonic solution to reduce cell adhesion, while maintaining suitable medium conductivity for electrokinetics-based cell separation. In short, we have demonstrated that OEK technology could be a promising tool for

  3. Rapid and label-free separation of Burkitt's lymphoma cells from red blood cells by optically-induced electrokinetics.

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    Liang, Wenfeng; Zhao, Yuliang; Liu, Lianqing; Wang, Yuechao; Dong, Zaili; Li, Wen Jung; Lee, Gwo-Bin; Xiao, Xiubin; Zhang, Weijing

    2014-01-01

    Early stage detection of lymphoma cells is invaluable for providing reliable prognosis to patients. However, the purity of lymphoma cells in extracted samples from human patients' marrow is typically low. To address this issue, we report here our work on using optically-induced dielectrophoresis (ODEP) force to rapidly purify Raji cells' (a type of Burkitt's lymphoma cell) sample from red blood cells (RBCs) with a label-free process. This method utilizes dynamically moving virtual electrodes to induce negative ODEP force of varying magnitudes on the Raji cells and RBCs in an optically-induced electrokinetics (OEK) chip. Polarization models for the two types of cells that reflect their discriminate electrical properties were established. Then, the cells' differential velocities caused by a specific ODEP force field were obtained by a finite element simulation model, thereby established the theoretical basis that the two types of cells could be separated using an ODEP force field. To ensure that the ODEP force dominated the separation process, a comparison of the ODEP force with other significant electrokinetics forces was conducted using numerical results. Furthermore, the performance of the ODEP-based approach for separating Raji cells from RBCs was experimentally investigated. The results showed that these two types of cells, with different concentration ratios, could be separated rapidly using externally-applied electrical field at a driven frequency of 50 kHz at 20 Vpp. In addition, we have found that in order to facilitate ODEP-based cell separation, Raji cells' adhesion to the OEK chip's substrate should be minimized. This paper also presents our experimental results of finding the appropriate bovine serum albumin concentration in an isotonic solution to reduce cell adhesion, while maintaining suitable medium conductivity for electrokinetics-based cell separation. In short, we have demonstrated that OEK technology could be a promising tool for efficient and

  4. Reactive oxygen signaling and MAPK activation distinguish Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)-positive versus EBV-negative Burkitt's lymphoma.

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    Cerimele, Francesca; Battle, Traci; Lynch, Rebecca; Frank, David A; Murad, Emma; Cohen, Cynthia; Macaron, Nada; Sixbey, John; Smith, Kenneth; Watnick, Randolph S; Eliopoulos, Aristidis; Shehata, Bahig; Arbiser, Jack L

    2005-01-04

    Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B cell neoplasm, which is one of the most common neoplasms of childhood. It is highly widespread in East Africa, where it appears in endemic form associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, and around the world in a sporadic form in which EBV infection is much less common. In addition to being the first human neoplasm to be associated with EBV, BL is associated with a characteristic translocation, in which the Ig promoter is translocated to constitutively activate the c-myc oncogene. Although many BLs respond well to chemotherapy, a significant fraction fails to respond to therapy, leading to death. In this article, we demonstrate that EBV-positive BL expresses high levels of activated mitogen-activated protein kinase and reactive oxygen species (ROS), and that ROS directly regulate NF-kappaB activation. EBV-negative BLs exhibit activation of phosphoinositol 3-kinase, but do not have elevated levels of ROS. Elevated reactive oxygen may play a role in diverse forms of viral carcinogenesis in humans, including cancers caused by EBV, hepatitis B, C, and human T cell lymphotropic virus. Our findings imply that inhibition of ROS may be useful in the treatment of EBV-induced neoplasia.

  5. Reactive oxygen signaling and MAPK activation distinguish Epstein–Barr Virus (EBV)-positive versus EBV-negative Burkitt's lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerimele, Francesca; Battle, Traci; Lynch, Rebecca; Frank, David A.; Murad, Emma; Cohen, Cynthia; Macaron, Nada; Sixbey, John; Smith, Kenneth; Watnick, Randolph S.; Eliopoulos, Aristidis; Shehata, Bahig; Arbiser, Jack L.

    2005-01-01

    Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B cell neoplasm, which is one of the most common neoplasms of childhood. It is highly widespread in East Africa, where it appears in endemic form associated with Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) infection, and around the world in a sporadic form in which EBV infection is much less common. In addition to being the first human neoplasm to be associated with EBV, BL is associated with a characteristic translocation, in which the Ig promoter is translocated to constitutively activate the c-myc oncogene. Although many BLs respond well to chemotherapy, a significant fraction fails to respond to therapy, leading to death. In this article, we demonstrate that EBV-positive BL expresses high levels of activated mitogen-activated protein kinase and reactive oxygen species (ROS), and that ROS directly regulate NF-κB activation. EBV-negative BLs exhibit activation of phosphoinositol 3-kinase, but do not have elevated levels of ROS. Elevated reactive oxygen may play a role in diverse forms of viral carcinogenesis in humans, including cancers caused by EBV, hepatitis B, C, and human T cell lymphotropic virus. Our findings imply that inhibition of ROS may be useful in the treatment of EBV-induced neoplasia. PMID:15611471

  6. Survival predictors of Burkitt's lymphoma in children, adults and elderly in the United States during 2000-2013.

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    Mukhtar, Fahad; Boffetta, Paolo; Risch, Harvey A; Park, Jong Y; Bubu, Omonigho M; Womack, Lindsay; Tran, Thuan V; Zgibor, Janice C; Luu, Hung N

    2017-04-01

    Burkitt's Lymphoma (BL) has three peaks of occurrence, in children, adults and elderly, at 10, 40 and 70 years respectively. To the best of our knowledge, no study has been conducted to assess predictors of survival in the three age groups. We hypothesized that survival predictors may differ by age group. We, therefore, sought to determine survival predictors for BL in these three groups: children (elderly (>70 years of age). Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database covering the years 2000-2013, we identified 797 children, 1,994 adults and 757 elderly patients newly diagnosed with BL. We used adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models to determine prognostic factors for survival for each age group. Five-year relative survival in BL for children, adults and elderly were 90.4, 47.8 and 28.9%, respectively. Having at least Stage II disease and multiple primaries were associated with higher mortality in the elderly group. In adults, multiple primaries, Stage III or IV disease, African American race and bone marrow primary were associated with increased mortality whereas Stage IV disease and multiple primaries were associated with worse outcome in children. These findings demonstrate commonalities and differences in predictors of survival that may have implications for management of BL patients. © 2016 UICC.

  7. The translocated c-myc oncogene of Raji Burkitt lymphoma cells is not expressed in human lymphoblastoid cells.

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    Nishikura, K; Erikson, J; ar-Rushdi, A; Huebner, K; Croce, C M

    1985-01-01

    We hybridized Raji Burkitt lymphoma cells, which carry a t(8;14) chromosome translocation, with human lymphoblastoid cells to study the expression of the translocated cellular myc oncogene (c-myc) in the hybrid cells. In Raji cells the c-myc oncogene is translocated to a switch region of the gamma heavy chain locus (S gamma). Because of sequence alterations in the 5' exon of the translocated c-myc oncogene in this cell line, it is possible to distinguish the transcripts of the translocated c-myc gene and of the normal c-myc gene. S1 nuclease protection experiments with a c-myc first exon probe indicate that Raji cells express predominantly the translocated c-myc gene, while the level of expression of the normal c-myc gene is less than 2% of that of the translocated c-myc gene. Somatic cell hybrids between Raji and human lymphoblastoid cells retain the lymphoblastoid phenotype and express only the normal c-myc oncogene. This result indicates that the activation of a c-myc oncogene translocated to a S region depends on the stage of B-cell differentiation of the cells harboring the translocated c-myc gene and not on alterations in the structure of the translocated c-myc oncogene. Images PMID:3857623

  8. Epstein-Barr virus infection of infants: implications of early age of infection on viral control and risk for Burkitt lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rochford, Rosemary

    Since its first description by Denis Burkitt, endemic Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), the most common childhood cancer in sub-Saharan Africa, has led scientists to search for clues to the origins of this malignancy. The discovery of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in BL cells over 50 years ago led to extensive sero-epidemiology studies and revealed that rather than being a virus restricted to areas where BL is endemic, EBV is ubiquitous in the world's population with an estimated greater than 90% of adults worldwide infected. A second pathogen, Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) malaria is also linked to BL. In this review, we will discuss recent studies that indicate a role for P. falciparum malaria in dysregulating EBV infection, and increasing the risk for BL in children living where P. falciparum malaria transmission is high. Copyright © 2016. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A.

  9. Epstein-Barr virus infection of infants: implications of early age of infection on viral control and risk for Burkitt lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosemary Rochford

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Since its first description by Denis Burkitt, endemic Burkitt's lymphoma (BL, the most common childhood cancer in sub-Saharan Africa, has led scientists to search for clues to the origins of this malignancy. The discovery of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV in BL cells over 50 years ago led to extensive sero-epidemiology studies and revealed that rather than being a virus restricted to areas where BL is endemic, EBV is ubiquitous in the world's population with an estimated greater than 90% of adults worldwide infected. A second pathogen, Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum malaria is also linked to BL. In this review, we will discuss recent studies that indicate a role for P. falciparum malaria in dysregulating EBV infection, and increasing the risk for BL in children living where P. falciparum malaria transmission is high.

  10. Primary meningeal Burkitt-type lymphoma presenting as the first clinical manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome Linfoma de Burkitt primitivo da meninge como primeira manifestação clínica da síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Luís Gobbato

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to report a rare case of primary meningeal high grade Burkitt-type lymphoma presenting as the first clinical manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. A 38-year-old Caucasian man, with a negative past medical history, sought treatment after experiencing global headache for five days. CT-Scan revealed a right front-temporo-parietal hyperdense subdural expansive mass. A craniotomy was performed and a hard white subdural was microsurgically dissected. Some hours after the surgery, the patient developed hemispheric cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension syndrome. Decompressive craniotomy was performed and the patient had an excellent recovery. Screening blood tests diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus infection. Further investigation ruled out systemic diseases. Eleven days after the initial surgery, the patient developed an acute respiratory failure and sepsis, dieing on that day. Pathological studies diagnosed Burkitt-type lymphoma.O objetivo desse estudo é relatar um caso de linfoma de Burkitt de alto grau primitivo da meninge, que se apresentou como primeira manifestação clínica da síndrome de imunodeficiência adquirida. Um homem branco, de 38 anos, previamente hígido, referia cefaléia holocraniana há cinco dias. A TC de crânio evidenciou coleção hiperdensa subdural na região fronto-temporo-parietal direita. Após craniotomia fronto-temporal direita, um tumor branco e rígido de localização subdural foi microcirurgicamente ressecado. Algumas horas após, o paciente apresentou edema cerebral hemisférico e hipertensão intracraniana, tendo sido submetido à craniotomia descompressiva com excelente melhora clínica. Testes sorológicos evidenciaram infecção por vírus da imunodeficiência humana. Investigações complementares afastaram outras doenças sistêmicas. Onze dias após a primeira cirurgia, o paciente apresentou insuficiência respiratória aguda e sepse, evoluindo para o

  11. Molecular signature of Epstein Barr virus-positive Burkitt lymphoma and post transplant lymphoproliferative disorder suggest different roles for Epstein Barr virus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen eNavari

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Epstein Barr virus (EBV infection is commonly associated with human cancer and, in particular, with lymphoid malignancies. Although the precise role of the virus in the pathogenesis of different lymphomas is largely unknown, it is well recognized that the expression of viral latent proteins and miRNA can contribute to its patoghenetic role.In this study, we compared the gene and miRNA expression profile of two EBV-associated aggressive B non-Hodgkin lymphomas known to be characterized by differential expression of the viral latent proteins aiming to dissect the possible different contribution of such proteins and EBV-encoded miRNAs.By applying extensive bioinformatic inferring and an experimental model, we found that EBV+ Burkitt lymphoma presented with significant over-expression of EBV-encoded miRNAs that were likely to contribute to its global molecular profile. On the other hand, EBV+ post transplant diffuse large B-cell lymphomas presented a significant enrichment in genes regulated by the viral latent proteins.Based on these different viral and cellular gene expression patterns, a clear distinction between EBV+ Burkitt lymphoma and post transplant diffuse large B-cell lymphomas was made. In this regard, the different viral and cellular expression patterns seemed to depend on each other, at least partially, and the latency type most probably played a significant role in their regulation.In conclusion, our data indicate that EBV influence over B-cell malignant clones may act through different mechanisms of transcriptional regulation and suggest that potentially different pathogenetic mechanisms may depend upon the conditions of the interaction between EBV and the host that finally determine the latency pattern.

  12. Quantitative profiling of housekeeping and Epstein-Barr virus gene transcription in Burkitt lymphoma cell lines using an oligonucleotide microarray

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niggli Felix K

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV is associated with lymphoid malignancies, including Burkitt's lymphoma (BL, and can transform human B cells in vitro. EBV-harboring cell lines are widely used to investigate lymphocyte transformation and oncogenesis. Qualitative EBV gene expression has been extensively described, but knowledge of quantitative transcription is lacking. We hypothesized that transcription levels of EBNA1, the gene essential for EBV persistence within an infected cell, are similar in BL cell lines. Results To compare quantitative gene transcription in the BL cell lines Namalwa, Raji, Akata, Jijoye, and P3HR1, we developed an oligonucleotide microarray chip, including 17 housekeeping genes, six latent EBV genes (EBNA1, EBNA2, EBNA3A, EBNA3C, LMP1, LMP2, and four lytic EBV genes (BZLF1, BXLF2, BKRF2, BZLF2, and used the cell line B95.8 as a reference for EBV gene transcription. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays were used to validate microarray results. We found that transcription levels of housekeeping genes differed considerably among BL cell lines. Using a selection of housekeeping genes with similar quantitative transcription in the tested cell lines to normalize EBV gene transcription data, we showed that transcription levels of EBNA1 were quite similar in very different BL cell lines, in contrast to transcription levels of other EBV genes. As demonstrated with Akata cells, the chip allowed us to accurately measure EBV gene transcription changes triggered by treatment interventions. Conclusion Our results suggest uniform EBNA1 transcription levels in BL and that microarray profiling can reveal novel insights on quantitative EBV gene transcription and its impact on lymphocyte biology.

  13. HIV-associated lymphoma: histopathology and association with Epstein-Barr virus genome related to clinical, immunological and prognostic features

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, C; Gerstoft, J; Lundgren, Jens Dilling

    1991-01-01

    All 51 cases of HIV-related malignant lymphoma in Denmark diagnosed from 1983 to 1989 were reviewed. There were 12 Burkitt-type lymphomas, 30 immunoblast-rich lymphomas and 9 other lymphomas. Patients with immunoblast-rich lymphomas had significantly lower CD4 cell counts (median 60 vs. 188 x 10(...

  14. Assessment of the Combined Effect of Epstein–Barr Virus and Plasmodium falciparum Infections on Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma Using a Multiplex Serological Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Aguilar

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Epstein–Barr virus (EBV is a necessary cause of endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL, while the role of Plasmodium falciparum in eBL remains uncertain. This study aimed to generate new hypotheses on the interplay between both infections in the development of eBL by investigating the IgG and IgM profiles against several EBV and P. falciparum antigens. Serum samples collected in a childhood study in Malawi (2005–2006 from 442 HIV-seronegative children (271 eBL cases and 171 controls between 1.4 and 15 years old were tested by quantitative suspension array technology against a newly developed multiplex panel combining 4 EBV antigens [Z Epstein–Barr replication activator protein (ZEBRA, early antigen-diffuse component (EA-D, EBV nuclear antigen 1, and viral capsid antigen p18 subunit (VCA-p18] and 15 P. falciparum antigens selected for their immunogenicity, role in malaria pathogenesis, and presence in different parasite stages. Principal component analyses, multivariate logistic models, and elastic-net regressions were used. As expected, elevated levels of EBV IgG (especially against the lytic antigens ZEBRA, EA-D, and VCA-p18 were strongly associated with eBL [high vs low tertile odds ratio (OR = 8.67, 95% confidence interval (CI = 4.81–15.64]. Higher IgG responses to the merozoite surface protein 3 were observed in children with eBL compared with controls (OR = 1.29, 95% CI = 1.02–1.64, showing an additive interaction with EBV IgGs (OR = 10.6, 95% CI = 5.1–22.2, P = 0.05. Using elastic-net regression models, eBL serological profile was further characterized by lower IgM levels against P. falciparum preerythrocytic-stage antigen CelTOS and EBV lytic antigen VCA-p18 compared with controls. In a secondary analysis, abdominal Burkitt lymphoma had lower IgM to EBV and higher IgG to EA-D levels than cases with head involvement. Overall, this exploratory study confirmed the strong role of EBV in eBL and identified

  15. Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas in Jordanians: a histopathological study of 231 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarawneh, M S

    1986-01-01

    Our hospital admitted 231 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphomas between June 1976 and November 1984. Review of these cases revealed the following profile: ages ranged from 1 to 70 years (median: 30 years), 156 males, predominantly children and adolescents, and 75 females. Diffuse histiocytic lymphoma accounted for 40.6 per cent of all cases. Seventeen patients (7 per cent) had nodular lymphomas. Fifteen patients, predominantly male children and adolescents, had lymphoblastic lymphomas and showed high association with mediastinal mass (47 per cent). Extranodal lymphomas mostly of the diffuse histiocytic subtype were diagnosed in 100 cases (43.3 per cent) and most frequently situated in the small intestine (59 cases). Burkitt's lymphoma--32 patients (14 per cent)--presented most often in male patients during the first decade of life and as an abdominal intestinal disease (19 cases). There were four cases of Mediterranean abdominal lymphoma (IPSID). Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas in Jordanians are mostly of the diffuse histiocytic type, are rarely nodular, have a high frequency of extranodal involvement and tend to occur in younger age groups. Mediterranean abdominal lymphoma is less frequent than previously thought. The use of both of the Rappaport and Lukes-Collins classifications demonstrated a high degree of reproducibility.

  16. Subtype distribution of lymphomas in South of Iran, analysis of 1085 cases based on World Health Organization classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monabati, Ahmad; Safaei, Akbar; Noori, Sadat; Mokhtari, Maral; Vahedi, Amir

    2016-03-01

    Lymphoma is one of the most common malignancies worldwide. Subtype distribution is different throughout the world. Some reports from the Middle East are in record. This article is trying to report the subtype distribution of lymphoma in Iran and compare it to that of Western, Far East Asian and Middle Eastern countries. A retrospective study was done on all lymphomas diagnosed in a large referral center in the South of Iran during a time period between 2009 and 2014. All diagnoses have been made according to 2008 WHO classification. A total number of 1085 cases with diagnoses of lymphoma retrieved. Twenty-nine cases (2.6 % of all) were precursor lymphoid neoplasm, 608 cases (56 % of all) were mature B cell neoplasm, 115 cases (10.5 % of all) were mature T and NK cell neoplasm, and 333 cases (30.6 % of all) were Hodgkin lymphoma. The six most frequent subtypes of mature B cell neoplasm were diffuse large B cell lymphoma, NOS (57 %), Burkitt lymphoma (7 %), small lymphocytic lymphoma (6.9 %), mantle cell lymphoma (5.7 %), extranodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma (5.2 %) and follicular lymphoma (3.6 %). Among mature T and NK cell neoplasm, mycosis fungoides was the most common type (43.4 %) followed by peripheral T cell lymphoma, NOS (20 %) and angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma (9.9 %). Of Hodgkin lymphoma cases, 90.6 % were classical type and 9.3 % were nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma. Extranodal involvement was seen in 42.2 % and GI tract was the most common site. Lymphoma frequencies were similar to that of Middle Eastern countries except for lower rate of follicular lymphoma and higher incidence of diffuse large B cell lymphoma, NOS and small lymphocytic lymphoma.

  17. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma arising from the kidney

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niwa, Naoya; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Horinaga, Minoru; Hongo, Hiroshi; Ito, Yujiro; Watanabe, Takuro; Masuda, Takeshi

    2014-01-01

    Primary renal lymphoma is rare, and most are intermediate- and high-grade lymphomas of B-cell lineage, such as diffuse large B-cell or Burkitt lymphoma. We report a case of low-grade B-cell lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) arising from the kidney. Only a few cases of primary renal MALT lymphoma have been published. PMID:24554980

  18. Lymphoma in acquired generalized lipodystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Rebecca J; Chan, Jean L; Jaffe, Elaine S; Cochran, Elaine; DePaoli, Alex M; Gautier, Jean-Francois; Goujard, Cecile; Vigouroux, Corinne; Gorden, Phillip

    2016-01-01

    Acquired generalized lipodystrophy (AGL) is a rare disease thought to result from autoimmune destruction of adipose tissue. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) has been reported in two AGL patients. We report five additional cases of lymphoma in AGL, and analyze the role of underlying autoimmunity and recombinant human leptin (metreleptin) replacement in lymphoma development. Three patients developed lymphoma during metreleptin treatment (two PTCL and one ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma), and two developed lymphomas (mycosis fungoides and Burkitt lymphoma) without metreleptin. AGL is associated with high risk for lymphoma, especially PTCL. Autoimmunity likely contributes to this risk. Lymphoma developed with or without metreleptin, suggesting metreleptin does not directly cause lymphoma development; a theoretical role of metreleptin in lymphoma progression remains possible. For most patients with AGL and severe metabolic complications, the proven benefits of metreleptin on metabolic disease will likely outweigh theoretical risks of metreleptin in lymphoma development or progression.

  19. Lymphoma of the eyelid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Frederik Holm; Heegaard, Steffen

    2017-01-01

    and that of cutaneous lymphoma. The majority of subtypes occur in elderly patients, except for lymphoblastic lymphoma of B-cell and T-cell origin and Burkitt lymphoma, which occur in children and adolescents. Several subtypes have a male predominance, including peripheral T-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma. Only...

  20. Primary intracerebral lymphoma: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olcay Eser

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available We describe a case of primary central nervous lymphoma (PCNSL that may be confused with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI findings of high grade glioma. Primary central nervous lymphoma is a rare tumour and it account for 0.3-3% of intracranial tumours. A 61 year’s old woman was admitted to our clinic with a severe headache, vomiting, left hemiparesia and transient loss of consciousness. Primary central nervous lymphoma may show various biological and radiological characteristics. We herein emphasized being confused with MRI findings of PCNSL and high grade glioma. J Clin Exp Invest 2012; 3 (3: 409-411Key words: Primary central nervous lymphoma, high grade glioma, B-cell, diagnosis

  1. Lymphomas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lohri, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Although malignant lymphoma is split in over 60 distinct entities, four of them, diffuse large B cell lymphoma, follicular-, Hodgkin's- and mantle cell lymphoma constitute more than half of all new cases...

  2. Obinutuzumab, Venetoclax, and Lenalidomide in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-17

    B-Cell Lymphoma, Unclassifiable, With Features Intermediate Between Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma and Burkitt Lymphoma; Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 3a Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Refractory Burkitt Lymphoma; Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Refractory Follicular Lymphoma; Transformed Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

  3. Case presentation – thyroid lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belkisa Izić

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Malignant tumors of the thyroid gland account for about 1% of thenewly diagnosed malignant tumors each year, and their incidence inwomen is twice the incidence in men. According to the WHO classification (2004 thyroid tumors are divided into: carcinoma of the thyroid, adenoma and similar tumors, and other thyroid tumors which include: teratomas, angiosarcomas, paragangliomas and others, as well as primary lymphomas and plasmacytomas. Primary thyroid lymphomasare defined as lymphomas which originate in the thyroid gland. This study presents the case of a 68-year-old patient with a thyroid lymphoma, which caused compression of the airways. In the patientpresented there was reduced activity of the thyroid gland. The dominant symptoms were: breathing difficulties, hoarse voice and the enlargement of the thyroid. An ultrasound examination was performedbefore surgery on the neck, which showed a multinodular thyroid,with compromised and compressed trachea to the right and rear. Anemergency surgical procedure was performed to reduce the tumor.Pathohistological diagnosis confirmed diffuse large B cell lymphoma.The aim of the study was to present a patient with a thyroid lymphoma, who had previously not had any immunological changes to the gland,that is, she had not had any chronic lymphocyte thyroiditis, but due to the compressive syndrome it was necessary to perform an emergencysurgical procedure to reduce the tumor.

  4. High treatment efficacy by dual targeting of Burkitt's lymphoma xenografted mice with a {sup 177}Lu-based CD22-specific radioimmunoconjugate and rituximab

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weber, Tobias; Boetticher, Benedikt; Keller, Armin; Schlegelmilch, Anne; Jaeger, Dirk; Krauss, Juergen [Heidelberg University Hospital, Department of Medical Oncology, National Center for Tumor Diseases, Heidelberg (Germany); Mier, Walter; Kraemer, Susanne; Leotta, Karin [Heidelberg University Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Heidelberg (Germany); Sauter, Max; Haberkorn, Uwe [Heidelberg University Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Heidelberg (Germany); German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Clinical Cooperation Unit Nuclear Medicine, Heidelberg (Germany); Grosse-Hovest, Ludger [University of Tuebingen, Department of Immunology, Tuebingen (Germany); Arndt, Michaela A.E. [Heidelberg University Hospital, Department of Medical Oncology, National Center for Tumor Diseases, Heidelberg (Germany); German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Immunotherapy Program, National Center for Tumor Diseases, Heidelberg (Germany)

    2016-03-15

    Dual-targeted therapy has been shown to be a promising treatment option in recurrent and/or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL). We generated radioimmunoconjugates (RICs) comprising either a novel humanized anti-CD22 monoclonal antibody, huRFB4, or rituximab, and the low-energy β-emitter {sup 177}Lu. Both RICs were evaluated as single agents in a human Burkitt's lymphoma xenograft mouse model. To increase the therapeutic efficacy of the anti-CD22 RIC, combination therapy with unlabelled anti-CD20 rituximab was explored. The binding activity of CHX-A''-DTPA-conjugated antibodies to target cells was analysed by flow cytometry. To assess tumour targeting of {sup 177}Lu-labelled antibodies, in vivo biodistribution experiments were performed. For radioimmunotherapy (RIT) studies, non-obese diabetic recombination activating gene-1 (NOD-Rag1{sup null}) interleukin-2 receptor common gamma chain (IL2r γ {sup null}) null mice (NRG mice) were xenografted subcutaneously with Raji Burkitt's lymphoma cells. {sup 177}Lu-conjugated antibodies were administered at a single dose of 9.5 MBq per mouse. For dual-targeted therapy, rituximab was injected at weekly intervals (0.5 - 1.0 mg). Tumour accumulation of RICs was monitored by planar scintigraphy. Conjugation of CHX-A''-DTPA resulted in highly stable RICs with excellent antigen-binding properties. Biodistribution experiments revealed higher tumour uptake of the {sup 177}Lu-labelled anti-CD22 IgG than of {sup 177}Lu-labelled rituximab. Treatment with {sup 177}Lu-conjugated huRFB4 resulted in increased tumour growth inhibition and significantly longer survival than treatment with {sup 177}Lu-conjugated rituximab. The therapeutic efficacy of the anti-CD22 RIC could be markedly enhanced by combination with unlabelled rituximab. These findings suggest that dual targeting with {sup 177}Lu-based CD22-specific RIT in combination with rituximab is a promising new treatment option for

  5. Romidepsin alone or in combination with anti-CD20 chimeric antigen receptor expanded natural killer cells targeting Burkitt lymphoma in vitro and in immunodeficient mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Yaya; Yahr, Ashlin; Huang, Brian; Ayello, Janet; Barth, Matthew; S Cairo, Mitchell

    2017-01-01

    Facilitating the development of alternative targeted therapeutic strategies is urgently required to improve outcome or circumvent chemotherapy resistance in children, adolescents, and adults with recurrent/refractory de novo mature B-cell (CD20) non-Hodgkin lymphoma, including Burkitt lymphoma (BL). Romidepsin, a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), has been used to treat cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. We have demonstrated the significant anti-tumor effect of anti-CD20 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) modified expanded peripheral blood natural killer (exPBNK) against rituximab-sensitive and -resistant BL. This study examined the anti-tumor activity of romidepsin alone and in combination with anti-CD20 CAR exPBNKs against rituximab-sensitive and -resistant BL in vitro and in vivo. We found that romidepsin significantly inhibited both rituximab-sensitive and -resistant BL cell proliferation in vitro (P < 0.001) and induced cell death in rituximab-sensitive Raji (P < 0.001) and cell cycle arrest in rituximab-resistant Raji-2R and Raji-4RH (P < 0.001). Consistent with in vitro observations, we also found romidepsin significantly inhibited the growth of rituximab-sensitive and -resistant BL in BL xenografted NSG mice. We also demonstrated that romidpesin significantly induced the expression of Natural Killer Group 2, Member D (NKG2D) ligands MICA/B in both rituximab-sensitive and -resistant BL cells (P < 0.001) resulting in enhancement of exPBNK in vitro cytotoxicity through NKG2D. Finally, we observed the combination of romidepsin and anti-CD20 CAR exPBNK significantly induced cell death in BL cells in vitro, reduced tumor burden and enhanced survival in humanized BL xenografted NSG mice (p < 0.05). Our data suggests that romidepsin is an active HDAC inhibitor that also potentiates expanded NK and anti-CD20 CAR exPBNK activity against rituximab-sensitive and -resistant BL.

  6. Oral extranodal non Hodgkin's lymphoma: series of forty two cases in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramanathan, Anand; Mahmoud, Hagir Abd Rahman; Hui, Lew Pit; Mei, Ng Yan; Valliappan, Valliammai; Zain, Rosnah Binti

    2014-01-01

    Lymphoma is a malignant neoplasm of lymphoid tissue classified into Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's types. It mostly affects lymph nodes although a considerable proportion of Non-Hodgkin's cases occur in extranodal sites. Selected cases diagnosed as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) during the period of 1980 to 2012 were retrieved from the archives of the Oral Pathology Diagnostic Laboratory, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya. The sections from the formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue blocks were stained with H and E as well as with LCA, CD20, and CD3. The mean age was 41.6 years with a male: female ratio of 1.3:1. Out of the forty two cases, nineteen were Malays, eighteen were Chinese, followed by Indians (3) and Indonesians (2). The most common site of involvement was the mandible (22.2%), followed by the maxilla and palate (19.4% each). Most of the lesions presented as a painless progressive swelling. Only thirty six cases were further subdivided into B or T cell types. The majority were B-cell type (26 cases), of these 6 cases were Burkitt's lymphomas. Only ten cases were T-cell lymphoma, with three cases of NK/T-cell lymphoma. In this series of 42 patients diagnosed as extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, the lesions appeared as painless swellings, mostly in men with the mandible as the most frequent site of involvement. Majority were B-cell lymphomas with Malays and Chinese being equally affected whereas lymphomas were rare in the Indian ethnicity. T-cell lymphomas were found to be common in the Chinese ethnic group.

  7. Denis Burkitt: A legacy of global health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esau, Daniel

    2016-09-28

    When first described in 1958, Burkitt lymphoma was considered by many to be an African curiosity. However, over the next few decades, over 10,000 publications on Burkitt lymphoma would influence many facets of oncology research including immunology, molecular genetics, chemotherapy, and viral oncology. At the time of discovery, its distribution in equatorial Africa was unique; it was where a child was born and lived, and not what race they were, that conveyed the greatest incidence risk. Its association with Epstein-Barr virus brought attention to the possibility that oncogenesis may be influenced by viruses. The influence that Burkitt lymphoma had on furthering oncology is far-reaching, and it is fitting that the physician credited with bringing attention to this disease was himself broad in his influence. Denis Burkitt was a humanitarian surgeon whose work was not limited to Burkitt lymphoma: he instigated a plan to rid an entire Ugandan district of yaws, he designed and created affordable orthopaedic equipment that could be locally produced in Kampala, and he was an early advocate of a high fiber diet. The following article will examine the biography of Denis Burkitt, with a focus on how he was able to further oncology and global health. © The Author(s) 2016.

  8. Non-hogkins lymphoma 'masquerading' as pott's disease in a 13 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lymphomas are malignant neoplasms of the lymphoid lineage which are broadly classified as either Hodgkin disease or as non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Burkitt lymphoma, a variety of NHL, is most common in sub-Saharan Africa, where it accounts for approximately one half of childhood cancers. A case of paravertebral ...

  9. “Double hit” follicular lymphoma with low proliferation index: A unique case and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pardis Vafaii

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available “Double hit” lymphomas (DHLs are aggressive B-cell lymphomas with concurrent c-MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 gene rearrangements. DHLs are usually classified morphologically as B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL and Burkitt lymphoma, and less commonly as DLBCL. Follicular lymphoma (FL is characterized genetically by the presence of IGH-BCL2 rearrangement. A subset of DHLs arises from FL by the acquisition of c-MYC gene rearrangement during disease progression, but FL with concurrent IGH-BCL2 and c-MYC gene initial rearrangements is rarely reported. The few reported cases had different clinical courses, including some with indolent disease. We report a case of “double hit” low grade FL with both c-MYC and BCL2 gene rearrangements but at low proliferation rate. Unlike the usual DHLs with aggressive clinical course, our patient showed at least partial response to intense chemotherapy. Review of the literature shows a few similar cases with variable clinical course, including a few indolent cases. These patients appear to respond better with more intense chemotherapy for DHL.

  10. Silencing of latent membrane protein 2B reduces susceptibility to activation of lytic Epstein-Barr virus in Burkitt's lymphoma Akata cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rechsteiner, Markus P; Berger, Christoph; Weber, Matthias; Sigrist, Jürg A; Nadal, David; Bernasconi, Michele

    2007-05-01

    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) blocks B-cell receptor (BCR) signalling after BCR cross-linking to inhibit activation of lytic EBV, and ectopically expressed LMP2B negatively regulates LMP2A. Here, it is demonstrated that silencing of LMP2B in EBV-harbouring Burkitt's lymphoma Akata cells results in reduced expression of EBV immediate-early lytic BZLF1 gene mRNA and late lytic gp350/220 protein upon BCR cross-linking. Similarly, reduction of lytic EBV activation was observed in Akata cells overexpressing LMP2A. In contrast, silencing of LMP2A expression resulted in higher lytic EBV mRNA and protein expression in BCR cross-linked Akata cells. These observations indicate a role for LMP2B distinct from that of LMP2A in regulation of lytic EBV activation in the host cell and support the hypothesis that LMP2B exhibits a negative-regulatory effect on the ability of LMP2A to maintain EBV latency by preventing the switch to lytic replication.

  11. Ascorbic Acid Kills Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Positive Burkitt Lymphoma Cells and EBV Transformed B-Cells in Vitro, but not in Vivo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shatzer, Amber N.; Espey, Michael G.; Chavez, Mayra; Tu, Hongbin; Levine, Mark; Cohen, Jeffrey I.

    2014-01-01

    Ascorbic acid has been shown to kill various cancer cell lines at pharmacologic concentrations. We found that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive Burkitt lymphoma (BL) cells were more susceptible to ascorbic acid-induced cell killing than EBV-negative BL cells or EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cells (LCLs). Ascorbic acid did not induce apoptosis in any of the tested cells but did induce the production of reactive oxygen species and cell death. Previously, we showed that bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, induces cell death in LCLs and EBV-positive BL cells. We found that ascorbic acid is strongly antagonistic for ascorbic acid-induced cell death in LCLs and EBV-positive BL cells. Finally, ascorbic acid did not prolong survival of severe combined immunodefiency mice inoculated with LCLs either intraperitoneally or subcutaneously. Thus, while ascorbic acid was highly effective at killing EBV-positive BL cells and LCLs in vitro, it antagonized cell killing by bortezomib and was ineffective in an animal model. PMID:23067008

  12. Ascorbic acid kills Epstein-Barr virus positive Burkitt lymphoma cells and Epstein-Barr virus transformed B-cells in vitro, but not in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shatzer, Amber N; Espey, Michael Graham; Chavez, Mayra; Tu, Hongbin; Levine, Mark; Cohen, Jeffrey I

    2013-05-01

    Ascorbic acid has been shown to kill various cancer cell lines at pharmacologic concentrations. We found that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive Burkitt lymphoma (BL) cells were more susceptible to ascorbic acid-induced cell killing than EBV-negative BL cells or EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cells (LCLs). Ascorbic acid did not induce apoptosis in any of the tested cells but did induce the production of reactive oxygen species and cell death. Previously, we showed that bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, induces cell death in LCLs and EBV-positive BL cells. We found that ascorbic acid is strongly antagonistic for bortezomib-induced cell death in LCLs and EBV-positive BL cells. Finally, ascorbic acid did not prolong survival of severe combined immunodefiency mice inoculated with LCLs either intraperitoneally or subcutaneously. Thus, while ascorbic acid was highly effective at killing EBV-positive BL cells and LCLs in vitro, it antagonized cell killing by bortezomib and was ineffective in an animal model.

  13. HLA Class II Defects in Burkitt Lymphoma: Bryostatin-1-Induced 17 kDa Protein Restores CD4+ T-Cell Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azim Hossain

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available While the defects in HLA class I-mediated Ag presentation by Burkitt lymphoma (BL have been well documented, CD4+ T-cells are also poorly stimulated by HLA class II Ag presentation, and the reasons underlying this defect(s have not yet been fully resolved. Here, we show that BL cells are deficient in their ability to optimally stimulate CD4+ T cells via the HLA class II pathway. The observed defect was not associated with low levels of BL-expressed costimulatory molecules, as addition of external co-stimulation failed to result in BL-mediated CD4+ T-cell activation. We further demonstrate that BL cells express the components of the class II pathway, and the defect was not caused by faulty Ag/class II interaction, because antigenic peptides bound with measurable affinity to BL-associated class II molecules. Treatment of BL with broystatin-1, a potent modulator of protein kinase C, led to significant improvement of functional class II Ag presentation in BL. The restoration of immune recognition appeared to be linked with an increased expression of a 17 kDa peptidylprolyl-like protein. These results demonstrate the presence of a specific defect in HLA class II-mediated Ag presentation in BL and reveal that treatment with bryostatin-1 could lead to enhanced immunogenicity.

  14. Epstein-Barr virus integrates frequently into chromosome 4q, 2q, 1q and 7q of Burkitt's lymphoma cell line (Raji).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Jianming; Luo, Xiaomin; Tang, Ke; Li, Xiaoling; Li, Guiyuan

    2006-09-01

    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) integration into a Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cell line (Raji) was investigated, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Southern hybridization, genomic library screening and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). BaMHIW fragments of the EBV genome and DNA sequences of the viral latent membrane protein (LMP)1 and LMP2 genes were detected in Raji cells. BaMHI-digested high-molecular weight DNA from Raji cells generated 4 and 10 kb, 23 kb fragments that hybridized to Probe-1 (EBV genome 13232-16189) and Probe-2 (EBV genome 5-3271). Genomic library for Raji cells was constructed. Plaques (1 x 10(5)) were screened with Probe-2, and four positive clones were obtained. Chromosomal integration of EBV DNA was detected in the Raji cell. The viral integration sites included 1p, 1q, 2q, 3p, 3q, 4q, 5q, 6q, 7p, 7q, 9q, 11p, 14q and 15q. Despite this multiplicity of integration sites, integration showed high frequency only at the sites 4q, 2q, 1q and 7q; 64% of the total signals were found in these four chromosomal bands. No viral integration occurred in chromosomes 16-22 or the sex chromosomes (X, Y). This study is the first comprehensive FISH analysis of EBV integration into the chromosomes of the Raji cell line. The findings support the notion that EBV integrates into the Raji cell genome non-randomly.

  15. Hybridization of a myeloid leukemia-derived human cell line (K562) with a human Burkitt's lymphoma line (P3HR-1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, G; Zeuthen, J; Eriksson, I; Terasaki, P; Bernoco, M; Rosén, A; Masucci, G; Povey, S; Ber, R

    1980-04-01

    The myeloid leukemia-derived Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-negative human lymphoid cell line K562 was successfully hybridized with the EBV-carrying Burkitt's lymphoma line P3HR-1. Authenticity of the hybrid PUTKO-1 was established by chromosome and isoenzyme studies. A virtually complete hybrid PUTKO-1 carried the EBV genome derived from the lymphoma parent. It averaged 26 EBV DNA copies per cell and was 100% positive for Epstein-Barr virus-associated nuclear antigen (EBNA). In most respects, the hybrid resembled the K562 parent: It had a high Fc receptor concentration, high sensitivity to natural killer cells, absence of EBV C3 receptors, and deficiency of membrane-associated beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2M) and HLA, in parallel with intracellular synthesis and secretion of beta 2M to the medium. Unlike the P3HR-1 parent, the hybrid was completely nonpermissive for antigens of the EBV cycle, early antigen, and viral capsid antigen. None of the 3 inducing agents, 5-lodo-2'-deoxyuridine, 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol 13-acetate, or sodium butyrate, caused any viral antigen synthesis in PUTKO-1 in contrast to the good inducibility of the parental P3HR-1 subline. Thus the myeloid parent restricted expression of EBV antigens except EBNA. This exception further supports the concept that EBNA is an autonomous function of the viral genome, independent of host cell control that regulates expression of antigens related to the viral cycle. On the contrary, extinction of viral antigens in this hybrid between 2 cell lineages supports our previous concept that the ability to produce viral antigens is similar to a differentiated B-cell property.

  16. Gastric Lymphoma with Secondary Trigeminal Nerve Lymphoma: A Case Report

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    Warissara Rongthong

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Data supporting the role of radiotherapy in secondary trigeminal nerve lymphoma is scarce. Here, I report the case of 64-year-old Thai male diagnosed as gastric diffuse large B cell lymphoma with secondary trigeminal nerve lymphoma. He had previously received one cycle of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP, followed by five cycles of rituximab plus CHOP (R-CHOP with intrathecal methotrexate (MTX and cytarabine (Ara-C. One month after the last cycle of R-CHOP, he developed a headache and numbness on the left side of his face. MRI revealed thickening of the left trigeminal nerve. He received one intrathecal injection of MTX and Ara-C, followed by systemic chemotherapy. After receiving intrathecal chemotherapy, his symptoms disappeared. Clinical response and MRI studies suggested secondary trigeminal nerve lymphoma. Two months later, our patient’s secondary trigeminal nerve lymphoma had progressed. Salvage whole brain irradiation (36 Gy with boost dose (50 Gy along the left trigeminal nerve was given. Unfortunately, our patient developed heart failure and expired during the radiotherapy session. In conclusion and specific to secondary central nervous system lymphoma (SCNSL, radiotherapy may benefit patients who fail to respond to systemic chemotherapy and palliative treatment. The results this report fail to support the role of radiotherapy in secondary trigeminal nerve lymphoma.

  17. Four Lymphomas in 1 Patient: A Unique Case of Triple Composite Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Followed by Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tennese, Alysa; Skrabek, Pamela J; Nasr, Michel R; Sekiguchi, Debora R; Morales, Carmen; Brown, Theresa C; Weisenburger, Dennis D; Perry, Anamarija M

    2017-05-01

    Composite lymphomas consist of 2 or more distinct lymphomas occurring in a single anatomical site or simultaneously in different sites and can be composed of any combination of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), T-cell NHL, or Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Cases of composite lymphomas with more than 2 lymphomas are extremely rare, with only 4 reports in the literature. We report the case of a 49-year-old man with a triple composite lymphoma in a single lymph node, consisting of small lymphocytic lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, and mantle cell lymphoma in situ. The patient received multiple courses of chemotherapy and an autologous stem cell transplant, which resulted in complete remission. Then, 6 years after the stem cell transplant, he developed classical HL. This unique case is, to our knowledge, the first report of a patient with triple composite lymphoma consisting of 3 small mature B-cell NHLs, who subsequently developed a fourth lymphoma.

  18. [Three cases of primary pulmonary malignant lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakuraba, M; Onuki, T; Mae, M; Yoshida, T; Nitta, S

    2000-09-01

    Primary pulmonary malignant lymphoma is a rare disease that is thought to belong to a category of malignant lymphomas arising from mucosa- or bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT or BALT). We encountered 3 cases of primary pulmonary malignant lymphoma, Case 1: In a 51-year-old male, an abnormal shadow was detected in chest radiography in the right S9 after an operation for thyroid carcinoma. A right lower lobectomy was performed. The diagnosis was malignant lymphoma (marginal zone B-cell lymphoma). Immunohistochemical staining for IgM gave a positive result. Case 2: Multiple nodular shadows were noted in both lungs of a 55-year-old man after a bout of pneumonia. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery was performed, and the diagnosis was malignant lymphoma (marginal zone B-cell lymphoma). Gene analysis revealed rearrangement of a heavy chain gene. Case 3: An abnormal shadow was seen in the chest radiograph of a 60-year-old man. He was treated by right upper and middle lobectomy. The diagnosis was Hodgkin's disease, nodular sclerosing type. Chemotherapy was given after surgery and the patient is now alive without recurrence. As the pulmonary malignant lymphoma was difficult to diagnosepreoperatively, it was necessary to resect the mass for diagnostic purposes. The prognosis of a resected solitary lesion in the lobe was good. Therefore lobectomy was performed as the treatment of choice. Systemic chemotherapy is performed for the diffuse type of pulmonary lymphoma.

  19. IRAK4 is essential for TLR9-induced suppression of Epstein-Barr virus BZLF1 transcription in Akata Burkitt's lymphoma cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Jordi

    Full Text Available Burkitt's lymphoma (BL is the most common childhood cancer in equatorial Africa, and is endemic to areas where people are chronically co-infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV and the malaria pathogen Plasmodium falciparum. The contribution of these pathogens in the oncogenic process remains poorly understood. We showed earlier that the activation of Toll-like receptor (TLR 9 by hemozoin, a disposal product formed from the digestion of blood by P. falciparum, suppresses the lytic reactivation of EBV in BL cells. EBV lytic reactivation is regulated by the expression of transcription factor Zta (ZEBRA, encoded by the EBV gene BZLF1. Here, we explore in the BL cell line Akata, the mechanism involved in repression by TLR9 of expression of BZLF1. We show that BZLF1 repression is mediated upon TLR9 engagement by a mechanism that is largely independent of de novo protein synthesis. By CRISPR/Cas9-induced inactivation of TLR9, MyD88, IRAK4 and IRAK1 we confirm that BZLF1 repression is dependent on functional TLR9 and MyD88 signaling, and identify IRAK4 as an essential element for TLR9-induced repression of BZLF1 expression upon BCR cross-linking. Our results unprecedentedly show that TLR9-mediated inhibition of lytic EBV is largely independent of new protein synthesis and demonstrate the central roles of MyD88 and IRAK4 in this process contributing to EBV's persistence in the host's B-cell pool.

  20. Dose-intensive chemotherapy including rituximab in Burkitt's leukemia or lymphoma regardless of human immunodeficiency virus infection status: final results of a phase 2 study (Burkimab).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribera, Josep-Maria; García, Olga; Grande, Carlos; Esteve, Jordi; Oriol, Albert; Bergua, Juan; González-Campos, José; Vall-Llovera, Ferran; Tormo, Mar; Hernández-Rivas, Jesús-Maria; García, Daniel; Brunet, Salut; Alonso, Natalia; Barba, Pere; Miralles, Pilar; Llorente, Andreu; Montesinos, Pau; Moreno, Maria-José; Hernández-Rivas, Jose-Ángel; Bernal, Teresa

    2013-05-01

    The use of rituximab together with intensive chemotherapy in Burkitt's lymphoma or leukemia (BL) has been scarcely explored. This study prospectively evaluated and compared the outcome and toxicity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and HIV-negative patients with BL who were treated in an intensive immunochemotherapy-based and age-adapted trial. A total of 118 adult patients (80 HIV-negative and 38 HIV-positive) aged 15 to 83 years were treated with 4 (nonbulky stages I-II) or 6 (stages II bulky, III-IV) cycles of intensive chemotherapy combined with rituximab. Reduction in chemotherapy doses and modification of the cycle schedules was performed in patients older than 55 years. The clinical characteristics of HIV-positive patients were comparable with those who were HIV-negative. Complete remission rates were 82% and 87%, respectively, and 9 patients died in induction, 9 died in remission, and 7 relapsed. After a median follow-up of 2.5 years, nonsignificant differences were observed in the 4-year disease-free survival and overall survival (OS) probabilities (77% and 63% for HIV-positive and 80% and 78% for HIV-negative patients, respectively). Young HIV-infected patients presented higher incidences of grade 3 or 4 mucositis and severe infectious episodes. Poor general status and bone marrow involvement, but not advanced age, were associated with a shorter OS, allowing the definition of 3 prognostic groups, with the OS ranging from 50% to 92%. Age-adapted intensive immunochemotherapy is highly effective in both HIV-negative and HIV-positive patients, with a higher toxicity in the latter group. Poor general status and bone marrow involvement had a negative impact on survival. Copyright © 2013 American Cancer Society.

  1. Induced and down-regulated proteins in the human cultured hairy cell leukemia line JOK-1 and the Burkitt's lymphoma cell line Daudi during incubation with interferon-alpha: a kinetic study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, P S; Nielsen, B; Jensen, A W

    1992-01-01

    To elucidate the mechanism of action of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha), the effect on cell proliferation and protein synthesis in the human hairy cell leukemia line JOK-1 and the Burkitt's lymphoma cell line Daudi were investigated. While Daudi cells were inhibited in proliferation and in total...... protein synthesis, no effect was seen on JOK-1 cells. However, high-resolution two-dimensional gel electrophoresis showed that four polypeptides were induced in JOK-1 cells after IFN-alpha incubation, while an additional 11 were induced and two down-regulated in Daudi cells. Kinetic studies revealed...

  2. Primary Cranial Vault Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, So Hee; Kim, Myung Soon; Kim, Young Ju [Dept. of Radiology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju Christian Hospital, Wonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    Cranial vault involvement in primary lymphoma is extremely rare in immunocompetent subjects. However, it should be considered as a differential diagnosis in the presence of a lesion involving all three compartments of the cranial vault, including the scalp, skull, and pachymeninges. We report a case of primary cranial vault lymphoma involving all three compartments of the cranial vault in an immunocompetent patient.

  3. A new diagnostic algorithm for Burkitt and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas based on the expression of CSE1L and STAT3 and on MYC rearrangement predicts outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soldini, D; Montagna, C; Schüffler, P; Martin, V; Georgis, A; Thiesler, T; Curioni-Fontecedro, A; Went, P; Bosshard, G; Dehler, S; Mazzuchelli, L; Tinguely, M

    2013-01-01

    Aggressive mature B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (BCL) sharing features of Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (intermediate BL/DLBCL) but deviating with respect to one or more characteristics are increasingly recognized. The limited knowledge about these biologically heterogeneous lymphomas hampers their assignment to a known entity, raising incertitude about optimal treatment approaches. We therefore searched for discriminative, prognostic, and predictive factors for their better characterization. We analyzed 242 cytogenetically defined aggressive mature BCL for differential protein expression. Marker selection was based on recent gene-expression profile studies. Predictive models for diagnosis were established and validated by a different set of lymphomas. CSE1L- and inhibitor of DNA binding-3 (ID3)-overexpression was associated with the diagnosis of BL and signal transduction and transcription-3 (STAT3) with DLBCL (P<0.001 for all markers). All three markers were associated with patient outcome in DLBCL. A new algorithm discriminating BL from DLBCL emerged, including the expression of CSE1L, STAT3, and MYC translocation. This 'new classifier' enabled the identification of patients with intermediate BL/DLBCL who benefited from intensive chemotherapy regimens. The proposed algorithm, which is based on markers with reliable staining properties for routine diagnostics, represents a novel valid tool in separating BL from DLBCL. Most interestingly, it allows segregating intermediate BL/DLBCL into groups with different treatment requirements.

  4. A Case of Primary Ileocecal Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wulyo Rajabto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Primary lymphoma in gastrointestinal tract is not very common. Ileocecal region is the commonest site for primary lymphoma and diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL is the most prevalent subtype. The clinical presentation in this condition is pain in right lower quadrant region and this can very confusing since many diseases can also cause this problem like infection and inflammatory disease. In this paper, we report a case of primary lymphoma subtype DLBCL in ileocecal region that come to emergency department with ileus obstruction. Abdominal computerized tomography (CT scan and colonoscopy revealed tumour in ileocecal region ascendens colon. Hemicolectomy was performed and the specimen was sent to pathology which revealed Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma with subtype DLBCL CD20 (+. The patient had undergone of Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicine, Vincristin, and Prednison (RCHOP chemotherapy regimen and had complete remission.

  5. Raising awareness of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV-infected adolescents: report of 2 cases in the HAART era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zangari, Paola; Santilli, Veronica; Cotugno, Nicola; Manno, Emma; Palumbo, Giuseppe; Lombardi, Alessandra; De Vito, Rita; Tchidjou, Hyppolite; Baldassari, Stefania; Ariganello, Paola; Pontrelli, Giuseppe; De Florio, Francesca; Palma, Paolo; Bernardi, Stefania

    2013-04-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) chronically infected patients are at increased risk of developing non-Hodgkin lymphoma compared with the general population. Highly active antiretroviral therapy has had a dramatic effect on the natural history of HIV infection, reducing the incidence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma and improving overall survival. However, problems related to adherence to treatment, frequently experienced during adolescence, may increase the risk of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related cancers. Optimizing highly active antiretroviral therapy and monitoring noncompliant patients with persisting HIV replication should be considered by physicians who take care of these patients. We herein report 2 cases of relapsed/progressive Burkitt lymphoma in HIV vertically infected adolescents.

  6. Temporal ordering of caspase activation and substrate cleavage during antigen receptor-triggered apoptosis in Ramos-Burkitt lymphoma B cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Sungkwan; Park, In-Chul; Rhee, Chang Hun; Hong, Seok-Il; Knox, Kirstine

    2003-08-01

    We demonstrate here that selective activation of endogenous members of the caspase family and cleavage of substrates responsible for the maintenance of nuclear functional and structural integrity are major effectors of antigen receptor (AgR)- and ionomycin-triggered apoptosis in Ramos-Burkitt lymphoma (Ramos-BL) B cells. Ramos-BL B cells express significant proenzyme levels of caspase-2, -3, -7 and -8, low levels of caspase-6 and are caspase-1-negative. However, while anti-IgM and ionomycin trigger for significant activation of caspase-3, -7 and -8 at 12-16 h and at 4 h post-stimulation respectively, both anti-IgM and ionomycin fail to activate caspase-2 indicating that AgR- and ionomycin-triggered Ramos-BL B cell apoptosis is mediated by the selective activation of, at least, caspase-3, -7 and -8. Anti-IgM triggers for cleavage of the resident nuclear proteins poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) at 8 h, lamins B1 and B2 from 12 to 16 h; likewise, ionomycin triggers for degradation of PARP at 2 h, lamins B1 and B2 at 4 h. Signal transduction through CD40 rescues Ramos-BL B cells from AgR- and ionomycin-triggered apoptosis at a very early stage of the apoptotic process by inhibiting both the early cleavage of PARP as well as the activation of caspase-3, -7 and -8 and cleavage of lamin B1; CD40-mediated rescue occurs upstream of CD40-induced expression of Bcl-2 and increased expression of Bcl-xL. In such cellular populations subject to regulation through apoptosis, dysregulation of the apoptotic mechanisms can have devastating consequences by contributing to the pathogenesis of malignancy as well as to lymphoproliferative and autoantibody disorders. An understanding of the role played by caspases in the execution of apoptosis may provide insight into the pathogenesis of these disease states and thereby provide targets for novel therapeutic strategy.

  7. Insuficiência renal aguda como manifestação inicial de linfoma de Burkitt renal

    OpenAIRE

    José Gastão Rocha Carvalho; Jean Rodrigo Tafarel; Wilson Beleski de Carvalho; Ana Paula de Azambuja; Elicéia Soraia Zenaro; Rodrigo Bendlin

    2006-01-01

    Relatamos o caso de um jovem de 14 anos que procurou atendimento médico por edema e hipertensão, sendo insuficiência renal aguda secundária a linfoma de Burkitt renal diagnosticada após avaliação laboratorial, de imagem e biópsia de massa tumoral renal.This case report is from a 14-year-old boy who had edema and hypertension due to a primary renal Burkitt's lymphoma, diagnosed through laboratory and image evaluation and kidney tumor biopsy.

  8. Primary parotid gland lymphoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paraskevas Katsaronis

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas are the most common lymphomas of the salivary glands. The benign lymphoepithelial lesion is also a lymphoproliferative disease that develops in the parotid gland. In the present case report, we describe one case of benign lymphoepithelial lesion with a subsequent low transformation to grade mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma appearing as a cystic mass in the parotid gland. Case presentation A 78-year-old Caucasian female smoker was referred to our clinic with a non-tender left facial swelling that had been present for approximately three years. The patient underwent resection of the left parotid gland with preservation of the left facial nerve through a preauricular incision. The pathology report was consistent with a low-grade marginal-zone B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma following benign lymphoepithelial lesion of the gland. Conclusions Salivary gland mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cystic or bilateral salivary gland lesions. Parotidectomy is recommended in order to treat the tumor and to ensure histological diagnosis for further follow-up planning. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy should be considered in association with surgery in disseminated forms or after removal.

  9. Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)-BamHI-A Rightward Transcript (BART)-6 and Cellular MicroRNA-142 Synergistically Compromise Immune Defense of Host Cells in EBV-Positive Burkitt Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Ling; Bu, Yunwen; Liang, Yanyan; Zhang, Fang; Zhang, Haiguo; Li, Shumei

    2016-10-31

    BACKGROUND This study was designed to explore the molecular mechanism underlying the effect of cellular miRNAs and EBV miRNA upon the expression of targets such as PTEN, and their involvement in the pathogenesis of Burkitt lymphoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, we examined several differentially expressed cellular miRNAs in EBV-positive versus EBV-negative Burkett lymphoma tissue samples, and confirmed PTEN as targets of cellular miR-142 by using a bioinformatics tool, luciferase reporter system, oligo transfection, real-time PCR, and Western blot analysis. RESULTS We further confirmed the binding site of miR-142 in the 3'UTR of the target genes, and established the negative regulatory relationship between miRNA and mRNAs with luciferase activity assay. To verify the regulatory relationship between the miRNAs and PTEN, we evaluated the expression of PTEN in the tissue samples, and found that PTEN was downregulated in EBV- positive Burkett lymphoma. Additionally, lymphoma cells were transfected with EBV-BART-6-3p and miR-142 and we found that EBV-BART-6-3p and miR-142 synergistically reduced expression of IL-6R and PTEN. Furthermore, we also examined viability of the cells in each treatment group, and showed that EBV-BART-6-3p and miR-142 synergistically promoted proliferation of the cells. CONCLUSIONS These findings improve our knowledge about the role of miR-142/EBV-BART-6-3p and their target, PTEN, in the development of Burkett lymphoma; they could be novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of EBV-positive Burkett lymphoma.

  10. Primary Testicular Lymphoma In Nigerian Males: Case Report and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Primary Testicular Lymphoma In Nigerian Males: Case Report and Clinicopathological Review. ... A review of cases of primary testicular lymphoma seen within a period of twelve years at the OAUTHC Nigeria was carried out. Three cases of primary testicular ... Key Words: testicular, lymphoma, Non- Hodgkin Nigerian ...

  11. [Clinical analysis of 18 cases with acute tumor lysis syndrome in children with B-cell lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Shuang; Yang, Jing; Zhang, Rui; Duan, Yan-long; Zhang, Yong-hong

    2011-08-01

    To investigate risk factors associated with acute tumor lysis syndrome (ATLS) in children with B-cell lymphoma and to explore feasible means for the prophylaxis and treatment. Data from 18 children with ATLS in B-cell lymphoma were collected to assess their tumor burden at diagnosis and before chemotherapy. Evaluation was performed at the 8th day, 3 month, and the end of chemotherapy and follow up. The incidence of ATLS in B-cell lymphoma, and the relationship between the incidence of ATLS and whether the kidney was involved and large tumor burden were analyzed respectively. All patients received hydration, alkalinization and received allopurinol routinely. Urate oxidase and hemodialysis treatment were administered in some cases. Of the 103 children with B-cell lymphoma, 18 were diagnosed as having ATLS (17.5%). All the 18 cases with ATLS were histopathologically confirmed as having Burkitt's lymphoma. All the patients were at stage III or IV and all had large tumor sizes, and 7 were found to have blasts in the bone marrow>25% (38.9%). Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels≥1000 U/L were found in 11 (61.1%) cases. All patients had developed metabolic abnormalities, including hyperuricemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, and uremia. In terms of clinical features and prognosis, all cases had nausea, vomiting, anorexia, oliguria, and anuria at different levels. One had gastrointestinal bleeding, 7 patients experienced seizures. The etiology in five was hypocalcemia and two had reversible posterior encephalopathy syndrome and all responded well to treatment. Nine cases of ATLS responded to supportive care, 4 required hemodialysis, and the other 4 responded to urate oxidase. Ten cases survived and 8 died. The major cause of death was severe complications and treatment was given up in 5 cases and recurrence occurred in 3 cases. ATLS was commonly seen in Burkitt's subtype of B-cell lymphoma. Higher LDH and large tumor sizes and kidney involvement were important risk

  12. [Gastric perforation by MALT lymphoma. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Zamudio, José; Ramírez-González, Luis Ricardo; Núñez-Márquez, Julia; Fuentes Orozco, Clotilde; González Ojeda, Alejandro; Leonher-Ruezga, Karla Lisseth

    2015-01-01

    Gastric non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a rare tumour that represents approximately 7% of all stomach cancers and 2% of all lymphomas. The most frequent location of gastric MALT (mucosa associated lymphoid tissue) lymphomas is in the antrum in 41% of the cases, and 33% can be multifocal. The risk of spontaneous perforation of a gastric MALT lymphoma is 4-10%. 24 year old male patient carrying the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, who began with signs and symptoms of acute abdomen and fever 72 hours before arriving in the emergency room. A computed tomography was performed that showed free fluid in the cavity, and gastric wall thickening. The patient underwent a laparotomy, finding absence of the anterior wall of the stomach, sealed with the left lobe of the liver, colon and omentum. Total gastrectomy, with oesophagosty and jejunostomy tube, was performed. Gastric perforation secondary to a MALT lymphoma is rare, with high mortality. There is limited information reported of this complication and should be highly suspected in order to provide appropriate treatment for a complication of this type. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  13. Orbital MALT Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shobha G Pai

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available A case of orbital MALT (mucous associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma is reported for its rarity. It presented as a large tumor obscuring the whole eye with loss of vision, without any signs of dissemination and remained free of recurrence or metastasis 12 months after undergoing simple surgical excision.

  14. Pediatric lymphomas in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Gualco

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study provides the clinical pathological characteristics of 1301 cases of pediatric/adolescent lymphomas in patients from different geographic regions of Brazil. METHODS: A retrospective analyses of diagnosed pediatric lymphoma cases in a 10-year period was performed. We believe that it represents the largest series of pediatric lymphomas presented from Brazil. RESULTS: Non-Hodgkin lymphomas represented 68% of the cases, including those of precursor (36% and mature (64% cell origin. Mature cell lymphomas comprised 81% of the B-cell phenotype and 19% of the T-cell phenotype. Hodgkin lymphomas represented 32% of all cases, including 87% of the classical type and 13% of nodular lymphocyte predominant type. The geographic distribution showed 38.4% of the cases in the Southeast region, 28.7% in the Northeast, 16.1% in the South, 8.8% in the North, and 8% in the Central-west region. The distribution by age groups was 15-18 years old, 33%; 11-14 years old, 26%; 6-10 years old, 24%; and 6 years old or younger, 17%. Among mature B-cell lymphomas, most of the cases were Burkitt lymphomas (65%, followed by diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (24%. In the mature T-cell group, anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK-positive was the most prevalent (57%, followed by peripheral T-cell lymphoma, then not otherwise specified (25%. In the group of classic Hodgkin lymphomas, the main histological subtype was nodular sclerosis (76%. Nodular lymphocyte predominance occurred more frequently than in other series. CONCLUSION: Some of the results found in this study may reflect the heterogeneous socioeconomical status and environmental factors of the Brazilian population in different regions.

  15. Plasmablastic lymphoma in childhood: A report of two cases ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Plasmablastic lymphoma is an aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma predominantly seen in adult patients. Only eight cases of plasmablastic lymphoma in children have been published to date. In this report, we present an additional two cases. The first patient was a 9-year-old girl presenting with a nasal mass, while the ...

  16. Gene Therapy in Treating Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Related Lymphoma Receiving Stem Cell Transplant

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-02

    HIV Infection; Mature T-Cell and NK-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Plasmablastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma

  17. A membrane-located glycosphingolipid of monocyte/granulocyte lineage cells induces growth arrest and triggers the lytic viral cycle in Epstein-Barr virus genome-positive Burkitt lymphoma lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaade, L; Kleines, M; Walter, R; Thomssen, R; Ritter, K

    1999-08-01

    Gangliosides are known to influence cell growth and differentiation. The neolacto series ganglioside IV3NeuAc-nLc4 (2-->3-sialosylparagloboside) is present in members of the monocyte/granulocyte lineage, but is not found in cells that belong to the lymphocyte lineage. In this study we demonstrated that IV3NeuAc-nLc4 inhibits the proliferation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome-positive Burkitt lymphoma cells of the lines Raji and P3HR-1K. IV3NeuAc-nLc4-induced growth inhibition is associated with an increase in G0/G1 phase cells and a reduced expression of CD21 and HLA-DR antigens on Raji cells. These data suggest that IV3NeuAc-nLc4 may affect differentiation of lymphoma cells. Additionally, the increased expression of viral mRNA species which are characteristic for the lytic viral cycle in the non-producer line Raji and the enhanced release of virions from the producer line P3HR-1K demonstrate that IV3NeuAc-nLc4 activates the replication of EBV. Growth inhibition and termination of the viral latency suggest that IV3NeuAc-nLc4 present in monocyte/granulocyte lineage cells may be an effector of the natural defense against EBV persistency and transformation.

  18. [Aggressive B-cell lymphomas of gastrointestinal tract: a clinicopathologic analysis of 54 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jun; Xia, Chun; Shen, Qin; Yin, Honglin; Zhang, Xinhua; Shi, Qunli; Zhou, Xiaojun; Ma, Jie

    2014-01-01

    To study the histological features, diagnosis, differential diagnoses of aggressive B-cell lymphomas of the gastrointestinal tract and to correlate clinical prognosis with pathologic parameters and immunophenotypes with an emphasis on c-myc, Tcl-1 and CD38 expression and their values in predicting the status of c-myc gene translocation. Fifty-four cases of aggressive B-cell lymphomas of the gastrointestinal tract with complete clinical and pathologic data were retrospectively collected. The clinical data, histologic and immunohistochemical findings and follow-up results were analyzed. Predictive immunohistochemical stains including c-myc, Tcl-1 and CD38 were performed and ROC curve analysis was used to confirm the accuracy of these markers in predicting c-myc translocation. Of 54 cases, there were 33 males and 21 females with median age of 56 years. Histological types of lymphomas included 49 cases of DLBCL (11 cases of germinal central B cell like and 38 cases of activated B cell like by Hans classification), 4 cases of DLBCL/BL and 1 case of BL. Eleven of 54 patients died within 97 months, with median survival of 42 months. Histologically, full-thickness infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract by large atypical cells with evident phagocytosis of karyorrhexis by macrophages ("starry sky") were seen in 18/54 cases. The lymphoma cells were positive for CD20 (54/54), CD79a (54/54), CD43 (4/54), CD5 (7/54), bcl-2 (26/54), Tcl-1 (17/54) and CD38 (15/54), but all negative for CD3 and CD30. The proliferative index by Ki-67 ranged from 40% to 100%. The univariate survival analysis indicated that B symptoms, general performance, high LDH, high IPI, distant metastasis, high clinical stage and tumors with over 90% of cells positive for c-myc were negative predictors for the patient's survival. In addition, cases of DLBCL positive for CD5 had an unfavorable prognosis. Cox regression analysis showed c-myc translocation, distant metastasis and high LDH were independent

  19. Interferon-alpha-induced changes in surface antigens in a hairy-cell leukemia (JOK-1), and a Burkitt's lymphoma cell line (Daudi) during in vitro culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, B; Madsen, P S; Jensen, A W

    1992-01-01

    In further studying the mechanism of action of IFN-alpha in HCL, we cultured the HCL cell line JOK-1 and the IFN-sensitive Burkitt cell line Daudi with and without IFN-alpha and investigated the changes in density of a number of surface antigens by use of mAb and flow cytometry analyses. During...... culture with IFN-alpha, reproducible changes were induced in both cell lines, which were qualitatively similar but differed quantitatively with small and transient changes in JOK-1. Significant decreases in surface antigen expression were observed for CD 19, 23, 37, and for IgM on both cell lines...... of IFN-alpha in HCL was not paralleled by a specific direct effect on JOK-1 in vitro. Our findings therefore do not support the theory that IFN's mechanism of action in vivo is a direct effect on HC, but suggest that indirect effects are involved. Udgivelsesdato: 1992-Mar...

  20. Primary hepatic lymphoma: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trupti S Patel

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the liver is a very rare malignancy. In this case report, we describe a case of primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL in a 60-year-old man who presented with lump and pain in the abdomen of 2 months′ duration. The patient had altered liver function, normal serum alfa fetoprotein level (AFP, normal hemogram and bone marrow. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis showed an ill-defined hypodense mass with specks of calcification involving the liver, suggestive of primary malignant mass of liver. Diagnosis of PHL was established on the cytology smear and confirmed by immunohistochemistry on tissue biopsy. This case demonstrates that PHL should be considered in the differential diagnosis of space-occupying liver lesions in the presence of a normal level of AFP. Fine needle aspiration cytology is a faster and safer diagnostic modality even in such a rare case. The case has many unique features like negative serology for viruses, no type B symptom and normal lactate dehydrogenase level.

  1. Different N-terminal isoforms of Oct-1 control expression of distinct sets of genes and their high levels in Namalwa Burkitt's lymphoma cells affect a wide range of cellular processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pankratova, Elizaveta V; Stepchenko, Alexander G; Portseva, Tatiana; Mogila, Vladic A; Georgieva, Sofia G

    2016-11-02

    Oct-1 transcription factor has various functions in gene regulation. Its expression level is increased in several types of cancer and is associated with poor survival prognosis. Here we identified distinct Oct-1 protein isoforms in human cells and compared gene expression patterns and functions for Oct-1A, Oct-1L, and Oct-1X isoforms that differ by their N-terminal sequences. The longest isoform, Oct-1A, is abundantly expressed and is the main Oct-1 isoform in most of human tissues. The Oct-1L and the weakly expressed Oct-1X regulate the majority of Oct-1A targets as well as additional sets of genes. Oct-1X controls genes involved in DNA replication, DNA repair, RNA processing, and cellular response to stress. The high level of Oct-1 isoforms upregulates genes related to cell cycle progression and activates proliferation both in Namalwa Burkitt's lymphoma cells and primary human fibroblasts. It downregulates expression of genes related to antigen processing and presentation, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, oxidative metabolism, and cell adhesion, thus facilitating pro-oncogenic processes. © The Author(s) 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.

  2. Cutaneous B cell lymphomas: Report of two interesting cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravichandran Gurumurthy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cutaneous B cell lymphomas can arise primarily from the skin or may occur due to secondary spread from nodal lymphomas. Primary lymphomas are confined to the skin without systemic spread and they differ from secondary lymphomas in their clinical behavior, treatment and prognosis. Cutaneous lymphomas being relatively rare, lack of precise definition and understanding of their clinical behavior diseases leads to pitfalls in the diagnosis. We report two cases of cutaneous B cell lymphomas who presented with fever of unknown origin initially and later found to have skin lesions. Hence, skin can be a potential diagnostic clue in the evaluation of patients with fever of unknown origin. The distinctions between the primary and the secondary lymphomas become important in choosing the treatment and assessing the prognosis.

  3. Spontaneous Remission of an Untreated, MYC and BCL2 Coexpressing, High-Grade B-Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Alan Potts

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL are a heterogeneous group of hematologic malignancies typically treated with multiagent chemotherapy. Rarely, spontaneous remissions can be observed, particularly in more indolent subtypes. The prognosis of aggressive NHL can be predicted using clinical and histopathologic factors. In aggressive B-cell NHL, the importance of MYC and BCL2 proto-oncogene coexpression (as assessed by immunohistochemistry and high-grade histologic features are particularly noteworthy. We report a unique case of spontaneous remission in a patient with an aggressive B-cell NHL which harbored high-risk histopathologic features, including MYC protein expression at 70–80%, BCL2 protein expression, and morphologic features suggestive of high-grade B-cell lymphoma, NOS (formerly B-cell lymphoma unclassifiable with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma [BCLU]. After undergoing a biopsy to confirm this diagnosis, he opted to forego curative-intent chemotherapy. The single, yet relatively large area of involvement noted on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography steadily resolved on subsequent follow-up studies. He remained without evidence of recurrence one year later, having never received treatment. This case emphasizes the potential for spontaneous remission in NHL and demonstrates that this phenomenon can be observed despite contemporary high-risk histopathologic features.

  4. Hodgkin's lymphoma mimicking necrotizing pneumonia: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Eun Ah; Lee, Hyun Ju; Im, Jung GI; Goo, Jin Mo; Lim, Kun Young; Lee, Chang Hyun [College of Medicine, Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-11-01

    This study describes a case of pulmonary Hodgkin's lymphoma of the nodular sclerosing type presenting as a large cavitary mass with air-fluid levels. We also conduct a review of the previous articles on pulmonary Hodgkin's lymphoma.

  5. A CASE OF PRIMARY UTERINE LYMPHOMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parikshit Sanyal

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A post menopausal lady presented with lump lower abdomen and bleeding per vaginum. USG revealed diffuse enlargement of the uterus. On hysterectomy, a grossly enlarged uterus with cystic left ovary were found. Hysterectomy was done and uterus with bilateral adnexa submitted for histopathological examination. Microscopic examination of the body of uterus revealed sheets of small lymphoid cells were found to replace the endo- and myo-metrium. These cells have small nuclei with clumped chromatin, and no prominence of nucleoli. They are not forming lymphoid follicles or germinal centers. Similar lymphoid cells were also found in the left ovary admixed with ovarian stroma. On IHC these cells were found to be CD45, CD20, CD23 positive, and negative for CD3 , CK and SMA. The case is diagnosed as a primary small lymphocytic lymphoma of uterus with left ovarian spread.

  6. Panobinostat in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-21

    Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

  7. Lymphomas with concurrent BCL2 and MYC translocations: the critical factors associated with survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Nathalie A; Savage, Kerry J; Ludkovski, Olga; Ben-Neriah, Susana; Woods, Ryan; Steidl, Christian; Dyer, Martin J S; Siebert, Reiner; Kuruvilla, John; Klasa, Richard; Connors, Joseph M; Gascoyne, Randy D; Horsman, Douglas E

    2009-09-10

    BCL2 and MYC are oncogenes commonly deregulated in lymphomas. Concurrent BCL2 and MYC translocations (BCL2(+)/MYC(+)) were identified in 54 samples by karyotype and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization with the aim of correlating clinical and cytogenetic characteristics to overall survival. BCL2(+)/MYC(+) lymphomas were diagnosed as B-cell lymphoma unclassifiable (BCLU; n = 36) with features intermediate between Burkitt lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL); DLBCL (n = 17), or follicular lymphoma (n = 1). Despite the presence of a t(14;18), 5 cases were BCL2 protein-negative. Nonimmunoglobulin gene/MYC (non-IG/MYC) translocations occurred in 24 of 54 cases (44%) and were highly associated with DLBCL morphology (P survival. A comprehensive cytogenetic analysis of BCL2 and MYC status on all aggressive lymphomas may identify a group of high-risk patients who may benefit from chemotherapeutic regimens that include rituximab and/or BCL2-targeted therapy.

  8. A case of follicular lymphoma complicated with mesenteric panniculitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yotaro Tamai

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Mesenteric panniculitis (MP is a rare disease occasionally complicated with lymphoma. A 55-year old female presented with MP accompanied by malignant lymphoma. This patient was first treated for follicular lymphoma and subsequently for panniculitis. After 6 courses of R-CHOP chemotherapy, the treatment response was partial. An additional course of salvage chemotherapy led to a complete response. Since the mesenteric mass progressed simultaneously with the regression of other lymphoma lesions, we performed a biopsy of the mesenteric mass and pathologically confirmed an MP lesion without lymphoma. Subsequent high-dose chemotherapy led to CR and the MP lesion remained stable. In the present case, MP progressed with chemotherapy. We concluded that mesenteric lesions suspected of progressing or recurring should be diagnosed pathologically even if asymptomatic.

  9. Diffuse large B cell lymphoma presenting as Horner's syndrome in a patient diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 1: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lueangarun Saoraya

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Horner's syndrome has a variety of etiologies ranging from benign to serious life-threatening conditions and has been infrequently reported as a presenting symptom of patients with lymphoid neoplasms. Only one case of Burkitt's lymphoma presenting with toothache, paresthesia, and Horner's syndrome has been described and no case reports of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma as the etiology of Horner's syndrome currently exist in the literature. In addition, lymphoid neoplasms have rarely been reported to occur in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 despite an increased risk of many types of cancer in such cases. Case presentation A 28-year-old Thai man presented with a progressively enlarged left supraclavicular mass together with a significant weight loss and night sweating for four months. He also noticed hoarseness and ptosis of his left eye associated with double vision for two months. Physical examination revealed large supraclavicular lymphadenopathy and Horner's syndrome (ptosis, miosis, and anhydrosis on the left side of his face. A large mediastinal mass was clearly detected by chest X-ray and computed tomography and subsequent lymph node biopsy provided a diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Interestingly, the patient was also definitely diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 1 from multiple café au lait macules, axillary freckles, three neurofibromas, multiple Lisch nodules, and a history of affected family members. He subsequently received chemotherapy with a good response. Twenty-seven cases of various types of lymphoid neoplasms previously reported to occur in neurofibromatosis type 1 patients were also extracted from the literature. All cases were non-Hodgkin lymphoma and the major subtype was T-cell. Only nine cases were B-cell lymphoma. The majority of cases were young with a median age at lymphoma diagnosis of 9.4 years (range 1.1 to 77 years. Two-thirds of the cases were boys or men. Other concomitant

  10. Structural optimization of an aptamer generated from Ligand-Guided Selection (LIGS) resulted in high affinity variant toward mIgM expressed on Burkitt's lymphoma cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zümrüt, Hasan E; Batool, Sana; Van, Nabeela; George, Shanell; Bhandari, Sanam; Mallikaratchy, Prabodhika

    2017-07-01

    Aptamers are synthetic, short nucleic acid molecules capable of specific target recognition. Aptamers are selected using a screening method termed Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential enrichment (SELEX). We recently have introduced a variant of SELEX called "Ligand-Guided-Selection" (LIGS) that allows the identification of specific aptamers against known cell-surface proteins. Utilizing LIGS, we introduced three specific aptamers against membrane-bound IgM (mIgM), which is the hallmark of B cells. Out of the three aptamers selected against mIgM, an aptamer termed R1, in particular, was found to be interesting due to its ability to recognize mIgM on target cells and then block anti-IgM antibodies binding their antigen. We systematically truncated parent aptamer R1 to design shorter variants with enhanced affinity. Importantly, herein we show that the specificity of the most optimized variant of R1 aptamer is similar to that of anti-IgM antibody, indicating that the specificity of the ligand utilized in selective elution of the aptamer determines the specificity of the LIGS-generated aptamer. Furthermore, we report that truncated variants of R1 are able to recognize mIgM-positive human B lymphoma BJAB cells at physiological temperature, demonstrating that LIGS-generated aptamers could be re-optimized into higher affinity variants. Collectively, these findings show the significance of LIGS in generating highly specific aptamers with potential applications in biomedicine. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. A Case of Primary Hepatic Lymphoma and Related Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yonghua Liu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Primary hepatic lymphoma is a rare disease. And the clinical manifestations of this disease are nonspecific. The objective of this paper is to improve clinicians’ understanding of this disease. Methods. We analyzed the clinical characteristics of a case of primary hepatic lymphoma in association with hepatitis B virus infection and reviewed the literature. Conclusion. The clinical manifestations of primary hepatic lymphoma are nonspecific. And it is easily misdiagnosed. Postoperative radiotherapy of patients with early stage was previously speculated to achieve favorable improvement. The application of targeted therapeutic drugs, chemotherapy, or combined local radiotherapy has become the first-line treatment strategy.

  12. Nasosinusal Lymphoma of T Natural Killer Cells: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castro, Victor Labres da Silva

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The primary nasal lymphoma is an uncommon extranodal tumor and represents 0.44% of all Extranodal lymphomas in this region. The primary nasal lymphoma derives from the T-lineage in nearly 75% of the cases. Objective: To describe a case of nasosinusal lymphoma of T Natural Killer cells, attended in the Clinical Hospital of the Federal University of Goiás. Case Report: 48-year-old female patient with diffuse tumefaction in the left hemiface of firm-elastic consistency and painful upon digital compression. Face sinuses tomography identified a total maxillary veiling to the left and some posterior ethmoidal cells. With the diagnostic hypothesis of a tumor affection, we opted for the surgical removal via a transmaxillary approach and the material was sent for biopsy. The histopathological exam diagnosed a highly necrotic tumor of angiocentric pattern, polymorphic and atypical lymphoid population (T /NK Lymphoma; with the prognosis, the patient was submitted to chemical therapy with total regression of the facial edema. Final Comments: The otorhinolaryngologist must be attentive as regards the existence of lymphomas among the nasosinusal diseases, because the early diagnosis improves the survival as it prevents metastases, growth and local destruction.

  13. Primary Lymphoma of the Calcaneus: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khodamorad Jamshidi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Primary Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL of the bone is a rare condition. Calcaneus is also an uncommon site for this kind of lymphoma. Case Presentation We hereby present a case of primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of the calcaneus, which was diagnosed and treated at our hospital. The patient had a minor twisting trauma of his ankle but symptoms were present for one year after trauma. The patient complained from instability and swelling of his ankle. After paraclinic assessments, a pathologic lesion was detected in his calcaneus, so incisional biopsy was done and the pathology diagnosis was a large B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Bone marrow assessment was negative for the disease. The patient was treated by chemotherapy and radiotherapy and currently the disease is in remission and patient is doing his previous full activity without any important complication. Conclusions Lymphoma is a rare condition in the foot region but we suggest to be more wise for chronic, uncommon symptoms after minor injuries, as lymphoma of the bone can present mysterious and nonspecific symptoms as was seen in this patient. It may be better to do more assessments to prevent delayed diagnosis of such rare conditions. These rare cases may have atypical imaging and clinical appearance, which can lead to misdiagnosis.

  14. Interleukin-2 or Observation Following Radiation Therapy, Combination Chemotherapy, and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Recurrent Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma

  15. Nivolumab With or Without Varlilumab in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Aggressive B-cell Lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-16

    ALK-Positive Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Atypical Burkitt/Burkitt-Like Lymphoma; Burkitt-Like Lymphoma With 11q Aberration; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Activated B-Cell Type; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Associated With Chronic Inflammation; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Germinal Center B-Cell Type; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; EBV-Positive Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; EBV-Positive Mucocutaneous Ulcer; High-Grade B-Cell Lymphoma With MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 Rearrangements; Human Herpesvirus-8-Positive Neoplastic Cells Present; Intravascular Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Large B-Cell Lymphoma With IRF4 Rearrangement; Plasmablastic Lymphoma; Primary Cutaneous Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Primary Cutaneous Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Leg Type; Primary Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma of the Central Nervous System; Primary Effusion Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Cell Lymphoma; Refractory Burkitt Lymphoma; Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Refractory Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Cell Lymphoma; Skin Ulcer; Small Intestinal High Grade B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; T-Cell/Histiocyte-Rich Large B-Cell Lymphoma

  16. B cell differentiation in EBV-positive Burkitt Lymphoma is impaired at post-transcriptional level by miRNA altered expression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leucci, E; Onnis, A; Cocco, M

    2009-01-01

    levels of expression similar to normal controls, including microdissected GC cells.In addition, we found evidence that hsa-miR-127 is involved in B cell differentiation process through post transcriptional regulation of BLIMP1 and XBP1. The over-expression of this miRNA may thus represent a key event...... investigated the expression of specific miRNAs predicted to be involved in B cell differentiation and we found that hsa-miR-127 is differentially expressed between EBV-positive and EBV-negative BLs. In particular, it was strongly up-regulated only in EBV-positive BL samples, whereas EBV-negative cases showed...... in the lymphomagenesis of EBV positive BL, by blocking the B cell differentiation process. (c) 2009 UICC....

  17. A Rare Case of Primary Breast Mucosa- Associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marić Daliborka

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Breast involvement by lymphoma is uncommon and poses challenges in diagnosis. Breast involvement by malignant lymphoma, whether primary or secondary, is a rare event. Primary breast lymphomas account for 0.38% - 0.7% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas, 1.7%-2.2% of all extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphomas, and only 0.04% - 0.5% of all breast cancer cases. Most frequent primary breast lymphomas are diffuse large B cell lymphomas (53%. Breast mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphomas account for a small fraction of all the MALT lymphomas (1% - 2%. Herein we report a case of a patient with primary breast MALT lymphoma and its presentation on different imaging modalities. Two years after the presentation and treatment with eight cycles of chemotherapy, the patient is alive and well, without evidence of residual disease or recurrence.

  18. Neuroendocrine tumor presenting like lymphoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzi Bruno

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Neuroendocrine tumors are a rare but diverse group of malignancies that arise in a wide range of organ systems, including the mediastinum. Differential diagnosis includes other masses arising in the middle mediastinum such as lymphoma, pericardial, bronchogenic and enteric cysts, metastatic tumors, xanthogranuloma, systemic granuloma, diaphragmatic hernia, meningocele and paravertebral abscess. Case presentation We present a case of 42-year-old Caucasian man with a neuroendocrine tumor of the middle-posterior mediastinum and liver metastases, which resembled a lymphoma on magnetic resonance imaging. Conclusion The differential diagnosis in patients with mediastinal masses and liver lesions should include neuroendocrine tumor.

  19. Conjunctival lymphoma in right eye: Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parada-Vásquez, R H; Lomas-Guaman, V E; León-Roldán, C R

    2017-02-01

    A 43-year-old woman presented with a salmon-coloured patch of 0.7mm diameter in the right eye that extended into the lower fornix in the bulbar and tarsal conjunctiva, with irregular edges, and highly vascularised. Incisional biopsy was performed, showing it to be a low-grade conjunctival non-Hodgkin B cell lymphoma (or a mucosa associated lymphoid tissue [MALT] lymphoma). The lesion remained stable for 24 months of follow-up, when a relapse of the condition occurred, producing an enlargement of the initial lesion. The definitive diagnosis is made by biopsy of the affected tissue and histopathologic study. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. A Rare Presentation of In Situ Mantle Cell Lymphoma and Follicular Lymphoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josephine Taverna

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A 65-year-old gentleman presented with left groin swelling over the course of two months. Physical exam revealed nontender left inguinal adenopathy, and computed tomography scans detected multiple lymph nodes in the mesenteric, aortocaval, and right common iliac regions. An excisional lymph node biopsy was performed. Pathologic evaluation demonstrated follicular center site which stained positive for PAX5, CD20, CD10, Bcl-2, Bcl-6, and mantle zone cells. These findings demonstrated CCND1 and CD5 positivity, suggesting composite lymphoma comprising follicular lymphoma (FL with in situ mantle cell lymphoma (MCLIS. FL is known as indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma; however, the clinical significance of a coexisting MCLIS continues to be elusive, and optimal management of these patients remains largely unknown. This case illustrates the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges of composite lymphomas. This paper also discusses advances in molecular pathogenesis and lymphoma genomics which offer novel insights into these rare diseases.

  1. A case with pachyonychia congenita and B-cell lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitorino Modesto dos Santos

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Pachyonychia congenital (PC is a rare autosomal dominant genodermatosis characterized hyperkeratosis affecting the nails and palmoplantar areas, oral leukokeratosis, and cystic lesions. A 39-year-old woman with PC type 1 (Jadassohn-Lewandowsky syndrome and B-cell lymphoma is described. No similar disorders or parental consanguinity were found in her family. Typical features of PC developed since her early childhood and the diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma was established seven years ago, without a clear causal relation between these entities. Despite inherent limitations of a single case, this report may contribute to PC understanding.

  2. Dual anaplastic large cell lymphoma mimicking meningioma: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Keun Ho; Kim, Ki Hwan; Lee, Ghi Jai; Lee, Hye Kyung; Shim, Jae Chan; Lee, Kyoung Eun; Suh, Jung Ho [Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Chae Heuck [Dept. of Neurosurgery, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-01-01

    Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a rare T cell lymphoma composed of CD30-positive lymphoid cells. Most ALCLs present as nodal disease, with skin, bone, soft tissue, lung, and liver as common extranodal sites. ALCL rarely occurs in the central nervous system and is even more infrequent in the dura of the brain. We report a case of dural-based ALCL secondary to systemic disease in a 17-year-old male that mimicked meningioma on magnetic resonance imaging and angiography.

  3. Primary bone lymphoma: A report of two cases and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh Tejinder

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary bone lymphoma (PBL is an uncommon tumor accounting for approximately 4-5% of extra nodal lymphoma and less than 1% of all non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma. Disease may be complicated at presentation by pathological fracture or spinal cord compression. Diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL accounts for the majority of cases of PBL. Owing to its rarity, only a few retrospective studies have been published addressing the prognosis and treatment of primary bone lymphoma. In this paper, we report our experience with two cases of PBL treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy and review literature to elucidate the optimal treatment of primary bone lymphoma.

  4. Cutaneous Involvement of Hodgkin Lymphoma in a Child – Case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Specific cutaneous involvement in Hodgkin Lymphoma is rare and has not been reported in the younger paediatric age group. We report a case of a ten year old girl who presented with specific cutaneous involvement, confirmed using immunohistochemical stains. Treatment with combination chemotherapy resulted in rapid ...

  5. Primary thyroid lymphoma: report of two cases | Akcali | East African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There was no history of Hashimoto's thyroiditis in either case, and neither of them had MALT histologic subtype. First patient a sixty four year old woman, admitted to hospital because of bilateral thyroid nodules. Histological subtype was B cell follicular lymphoma. Subtotal thyroidectomy was performed and radiotherapy was ...

  6. Splenic lymphoma with villous lymphocytes: case report | Atipo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We present the case of malignant Non-Hodgkin splenic lymphoma with villous lymphocytes regarded as atypical chronic lymphoid leukemia. This was a 62 years old male patient admitted in the Haematologic Department of Brazzaville Teaching Hospital for an enlarged spleen, anaemia and lymphocytosis. The initial ...

  7. [Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas: study of 22 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín Carrasco, Pablo; Morillo Andújar, Mercedes; Pérez Ruiz, Carmen; de Zulueta Dorado, Teresa; Cabrera Pérez, Rocío; Conejo-Mir, Julián

    2016-09-02

    Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma (CBCL) is a very low prevalence neoplasm and constitutes 25% of all primary cutaneous lymphomas. Our objective was to discover the epidemiological, clinic and histologic characteristics of CBCL in our area. Retrospective descriptive study with patients with histologic diagnosis of CBCL followed up in our department between 2004 and 2015. Twenty-two patients with CBCL were included; 65% were men and 35% were women. Follicle centre lymphoma was the most common subtype (41%). Only 3 cases presented with node involvement and one with bone marrow invasion. Five recurrences were detected and one patient died because of the CBCL. This is one of the first CBCL series in theSpanish population. The incidence, sex, age, subtype distribution, clinical features and immunohistochemical patterns are very similar to those of the other series. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  8. Precursor B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia/Lymphoma with L3 Morphology, Philadelphia Chromosome, MYC Gene Translocation, and Coexpression of TdT and Surface Light Chains: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia C. Hirzel

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is predominantly found in children. It is a neoplasm of precursor cells or lymphoblasts committed to either a B- or T-cell lineage. The immature cells in B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma can be small or medium sized with scant or moderate cytoplasm and typically express B-cell markers such as CD19, cytoplasmic CD79a, and TdT without surface light chains. These markers, along with cytogenetic studies, are vital to the diagnosis, classification, and treatment of these neoplasms. We present an unusual case of a precursor B-cell ALL, in an 82-year-old woman, who presented with pancytopenia and widespread lymphadenopathy. The cells show L3 morphology (Burkitt-like lymphoma with coexpression of TdT and surface light chains in addition to an MYC gene translocation and Philadelphia chromosome.

  9. Burkitt’s Lymphoma: Thorax to Pelvis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Burkitt’s lymphoma is a sub-group of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of high-grade with an aggressive clinical course and is composed of diffuse, small and non-cleaved, undifferentiated malignant cells of lymphoid origin. Dennis Burkitt first described this entity in 1956 in equatorial Africa. It is one of the fastest growing cancers in humans with a growth fraction close to 100%. It commonly occurs in children and young adults, with frequent involvement of bone marrow and central nervous system. These are considered to be medical emergencies and require immediate diagnostic and therapeutic intervention. In this report, we present a case of Burkitt’s lymphoma with unusual presentation with the involvement of both thorax and the whole of the abdomen.

  10. Primary breast lymphoma in an immunocompromised male patient: A case report

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    Yim, Bong Guk; Park, Jeong Seon; Koo, Hye Ryoung; Kim, Soo Yeon; Jang, Ki Seok [Hanyang University Medical Center, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jin Young; Choi, Yun Young [Dept. of Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Guri (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    Primary breast lymphoma in a male patient is extremely rare. We report a case of primary breast lymphoma in an immunocompromised male patient, after renal transplantation. The sonographic and histological features are described in depth.

  11. A Case of a Laryngeal MALT Lymphoma in a Patient with a History of Gastric MALT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Ashamalla

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We are reporting a case of a 62-year-old African American woman with a history of gastric MALT lymphoma successfully treated with radiation who presented with a laryngeal MALT lymphoma 4 years after her original diagnosis. She received definitive radiation with a complete response. The case presented is unique for the rare presentation of a MALT lymphoma in the larynx, especially in light of the patient’s previously treated gastric MALT lymphoma years ago.

  12. Primary Cutaneous Mantle Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report

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    L. D. Mazzuoccolo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary cutaneous mantle cell lymphoma (MCL is a rare cutaneous proliferation of naive pregerminal CD-5 positive B cells in the skin with no extracutaneous involvement. Overexpression of cyclin D1 is pathognomonic of this condition, and surgery and radiation therapy are the most common therapeutic options. In this case, we describe the clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical, and molecular characteristics of a new case of primary cutaneous MCL.

  13. Burkitt’s Lymphoma Presented as Advanced Ovarian Cancer without Evidence of Lymphadenopathy: CT and MRI Findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Manganaro

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Burkitt's lymphoma is a rare non-Hodgkin's lymphoma which can occasionally involve the ovary and may cause confusion for the clinician since its presentation might mimic other much more frequent tumors. We present a case of a 23-year-old woman with sporadic Burkitt’s lymphoma presented as advanced ovarian cancer with bilateral ovarian masses, peritoneal carcinomatosis, ascites, and marked elevation of CA-125. Liver involvement and atypical bone lesions, such as the cranial vault and the iliac wing, were also detected without evidence of lymphadenopathy. We describe the MRI and CT findings of simultaneous ovarian and bone lesions, which have never been reported in literature in a patient with Burkitt's lymphoma, before and after one cycle of chemotherapy. In evaluating any ovarian neoplasm in a young woman, Burkitt's lymphoma should be considered as a possibility, particularly if associated with bone lesions. MRI is the most useful tool to characterize the ovarian lesions and suggest the diagnosis before the histopathological results.

  14. Composite Lymphoma : EBV-positive Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma and Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma A Case Report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gualco, Gabriela; Chioato, Lucimara; Van Den Berg, Anke; Weiss, Lawrence M.; Bacchi, Carlos E.

    Composite lymphomas are rare and defined as hematopoietic neoplasms with more than I malignant lymphomatous clone showing different phenotypic features. Of all possible combinations between non-Hodgkin lymphomas, B cell or T cell, and Hodgkin lymphoma, the least frequent are the ones combining

  15. Acute Abdomen in 8-year Old Girl due to Bilateral Ovarian Burkitt's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The patient had stage IV disease and chemotherapy treatment was started, however she died after the third course of chemotherapy. Although ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma is common, presentation with signs of acute abdomen with involvement of both ovaries is not a usual mode of presentation. Key words: Acute abdomen, ...

  16. Polymyalgia Rheumatica Revealing a Lymphoma: A Two-Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Verhoeven

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR is one of the most common inflammatory rheumatism types in elderly population. The link between cancer and PMR is a matter of debate. Methods. We report two cases of PMR leading to the diagnosis of lymphoma and the growing interest of PET-TDM in this indication. Results. A 84-year-old man known for idiopathic neutropenia presented an inflammatory arthromyalgia of the limb girdle since one month. Blood exams highlighted the presence of a monoclonal B cell clone. Bone marrow concluded to a B cell lymphoma of the marginal zone. He was successfully treated with 0.3 mg/kg/d of prednisone, and response was sustained after 6 months. A 73-year-old man known for prostatic neoplasia in remission for 5 years presented arthromyalgia of the limb girdle since one month. PET-CT revealed bursitis of the hips and the shoulders, no prostatic cancer recurrence, and a metabolically active iliac lymphadenopathy whose pathologic exam concluded to a low grade follicular lymphoma. He was successfully treated with 0.3 mg/kg/d of prednisone. Conclusion. These observations may imply that lymphoma is sometimes already present when PMR is diagnosed and PET-CT is a useful tool in the initial assessment of PMR to avoid missing neoplasia.

  17. Optic Nerve Lymphoma. Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Jennifer L.; Mendoza, Pia; Rashid, Alia; Hayek, Brent; Grossniklaus, Hans E.

    2014-01-01

    Lymphoma may involve the optic nerve as isolated optic nerve lymphoma or in association with CNS or systemic lymphoma. We present two biopsy-proven non-Hodgkin lymphomas of the optic nerve and compare our findings with previously reported cases. We discuss the mechanism of metastasis, classification of optic nerve involvement, clinical features, radiologic findings, optic nerve biopsy indications and techniques, histologic features, and treatments. We propose a classification system of optic ...

  18. Composite lymphoma with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and classical Hodgkin lymphoma components: A case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Gaurav; Nguyen, Austin Huy; Kendric, Kayla; Caponetti, Gabriel C

    2016-12-01

    Composite lymphoma (CL) is an infrequently diagnosed entity in which two or more distinct types of lymphomas occur synchronously in the same organ or anatomical site. Most commonly, CLs are composed of two non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphomas. We present a case of a composite lymphoma with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (DLBCL-NOS) and classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) components involving the terminal ileum, colon and pericolic lymph nodes. Immunohistochemical evaluation for determination of cell of origin of the DLBCL-NOS component indicated a germinal center B-cell subtype. Immunoglobulin heavy chain fragment length analysis revealed identical dominant monoclonal peaks on the DH1-6-JH reaction, and also a dominant monoclonal peak observed only in the framework II reaction done on the CHL component, indicating a partial clonal relationship between the two components. Additionally, a review of the available literature reveals a total of 20 previously reported cases of CL with DLBCL-NOS and CHL components, and most of the tested cases showed clonal relationship between the two components. The overall findings indicate that in most cases, the two components of CL with DLBCL-NOS and CHL components are clonally related, and suggest a shared origin from a common B-cell precursor. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  19. A case of lymphoma presented with acute renal failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Yaprak

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Acute renal failure (ARF in patients with malignancy occurs due to causes such as prerenal, renal and post renal as in normal population. Tumor infiltration of kidneys is usually uncommon. However, renal function may be impaired in fast-growing hematological malignancies such as acute leukemia or lymphoma, depending on tumor involvement. Herein, we presented a case of ARF and later diagnosed as B-cell Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. 54-year-old male patient was admitted due to ARF. Although development of ARF due to tumor infiltration is rare, in cases who did not have risk factors for development of ARF, leukemic or lymphomatous infiltration should be considered. [Cukurova Med J 2017; 42(1.000: 168-171

  20. [A case of primary central nervous system anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma manifested as a unilateral pachymeningits].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujisawa, Etsuco; Shibayama, Hidehiro; Mitobe, Fumi; Katada, Fumiaki; Sato, Susumu; Fukutake, Toshio

    2017-11-25

    There have been 23 reports of primary central nervous system anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma in the literature. Here we report the 24th case of a 40-year-old man who presented with occipital headache for one month. His contrast-enhanced brain MRI showed enhancement around the right temporal lobe, which suggested a diagnosis of hypertrophic pachymeningitis. He improved with steroid therapy. After discharge, however, he was readmitted with generalized convulsive seizures. Finally, he was diagnosed as primary central nervous system ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma by brain biopsy. Primary central nervous system lymphoma invading dura matter can rarely manifests as a unilateral pachymeningitis. Therefore, in case of pachymeningitis, we should pay attention to the possibility of infiltration of lymophoma with meticulous clinical follow-up.

  1. Primary pancreatic lymphoma: two case reports and a literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu L

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Lili Yu,1,2,* Yajun Chen,1,2,* Ligang Xing2 1School of Medicine and Life Sciences, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, University of Jinan, 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Primary pancreatic lymphoma (PPL is an extremely rare disease, with only a few cases reported in the literature. Clinical manifestations of PPL are often nonspecific and may mimic other pancreatic diseases. Because of the limited experience of PPL, clinicopathological features, differential diagnosis, optimal therapy, and outcomes are not well defined. We described two cases diagnosed as PPL and confirmed by histological examination and immunohistochemical analysis. Case 1 was a young man with obstructive jaundice and upper abdominal malaise mimicking a pancreatic adenocarcinoma. A computed tomography (CT scan revealed a diffuse heterogeneous mass in the head of the pancreas along with dilated bile ducts, no dilated pancreatic duct, no liver or splenic involvement, or evident retroperitoneal adenopathies. The patient underwent a pancreatico-duodenectomy, and the postoperative histopathology confirmed diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Postoperatively, he received six courses of the CHOP regimen (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone. Case 2 was an older man with left flank pain. A CT confirmed a mass with irregular margins at the tail of the pancreas and the hilum of the spleen. The mass was heterogeneous, with no clear boundary between lesions, spleen, stomach, and pancreas, with nearby blood vessels wrapped around it, and multiple enlarged lymph nodes in the abdominal cavity. A CT-guided biopsy was performed. The immunohistological findings of the specimen revealed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The size of the tumor was significantly reduced after four cycles of the CHOP chemotherapy

  2. A Case Report of Neurosarcoidosis Presenting as a Lymphoma Mimic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gurcharanjeet Kaur

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To describe a unique presentation of neurosarcoidosis. Background. Central nervous system involvement is rare in sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis can be severe and can be mistaken for systemic lymphoma. Case Description. A 55-year-old right-handed white male with past medical history of obstructive sleep apnea, Raynaud’s disease, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis was noted to have cognitive decline over a duration of few weeks and 20 lb weight loss. His neurologic exam (including cranial nerves was normal except for five-minute recall. Head CT revealed a lacrimal gland mass, confirmed on brain MRI, which was suspicious for lymphoma on brain PET/MRI. Subsequent whole-body FDG PET/CT scan showed multiple enlarged lymph nodes. Bone marrow biopsy was negative. Serum and CSF ACE levels were within normal limits. Supraclavicular lymph node biopsy before steroids therapy was initiated and revealed multiple noncaseating granulomas, diagnostic of “sarcoidosis.” He was treated with daily prednisone for two months, followed by weekly infliximab. Brain MRI two months after treatment with prednisone showed decrease in size of lacrimal lesion, and brain PET/MRI showed normal brain metabolism pattern after five months. Neurocognitive evaluation three months after diagnosis demonstrated improvements in memory abilities. Discussion. Both clinically and radiographically, neurosarcoidosis can mimic systemic lymphoma. Biopsy in these types of cases is necessary to establish the diagnosis.

  3. CT findings of primary thyroid lymphoma : report of two cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rhee, Ji Yong; Lee, Nam Joon; Seol, Hye Young; Kim, Jung Hyuk [Korea Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-03-01

    We describe two cases of primary thyroid lymphoma, involving 64-and 74-year-old women who presented with a rapidly growing palpable mass in the anterior neck. In both patients, plain radiographs of this region revealed tracheal displacement and soft tissue mass, and CT scans demonstrated the presence of a large soft tissue mass with homogeneously low attenuation, predominantly located in the unilateral lobe of the thyroid gland. Within the masses there was no calcification, necrosis, or hemorrhage, though in one patient the trachea was involved posteriorly by the mass Both masses appeared as cold nodules on RI scan, and in both patients, the final diagnosis was diffuse large cell type non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with a background of Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

  4. Orbital lymphoma associated with Graves’ disease: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hajduković Zoran

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The presence of bilateral exophthalmos and palpebral, periorbital edema associated with hyperthyroidism is most often considered as an initial sign of Graves’ ophthalmopathy. However, in up to 20% of cases, Graves’ ophthalmopathy might precede the occurrence of hyperthyroidism, which is very important to be considered in the differential diagnosis, especially if it is stated as unilateral. Among other less common causes of non-thyroid-related orbitopathy, orbital lymphoma represents rare conditions. We presented of a patient with Graves’ disease, initially manifested as bilateral orbitopathy and progressive unilateral exophthalmos caused by the marginal zone B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the orbit. Case report. A 64-yearold man with the 3-year history of bilateral Graves’ orbitopathy and hyperthyroidism underwent the left orbital decompression surgery due to the predominantly left, unilateral worsening of exophthalmos resistant to the previously applied glucocorticoid therapy. A year after the surgical treatment, a substantial exophthalmos of the left eye was again observed, signifying that other non-thyroid pathology could be involved. Orbital ultrasound was suggestive of primary orbital lymphoma, what was confirmed by orbital CT scan and the biopsy of the tumor tissue. Detailed examinations indicated that the marginal zone B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma extended to IV - B-b CS, IPI 3 (bone marrow infiltration: m+ orbit+. Upon the completion of the polychemiotherapy and the radiation treatment, a complete remission of the disease was achieved. Conclusion. Even when elements clearly indicate the presence of thyroid-related ophthalmopathy, disease deteriorating should raise a suspicion and always lead to imaging procedures to exclude malignancy.

  5. Fine needle cytology, infectious diseases and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vigliar, Elena; Cipullo, Ciro; Todaro, Paolo; Giuffre, Giuseppe; Pepe, Stefano

    2012-01-01

    The association between some infections and non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) is well known. Human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma virus type 1 (HTLV-1) was the first oncogenic human retrovirus to be discovered and has been found to be associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has consistently been linked to both endemic and sporadic Burkitt lymphoma (BL), as well as to Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), post-transplantation proliferative disorders, extra-nodal NK-T-cell lymphoma (nasal type) and B-cell NHL arising in HIV patients; HCV infection is also associated to low-grade lymphoproliferative disorders that can progress to NHL. Bacterial infections have also been associated to NHL; chronic gastritis caused by Helicobacter pylori is responsible for mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) NHL and high prevalence of Chlamydia psittaci infections has been reported in ocular adnexal lymphomas. In both these conditions, infection may contribute to the development of lymphomas, as proven by the clinical responses eradicating antibiotic therapies. Histological diagnosis coupled with immunohistochemical and molecular procedures are needed for a definitive diagnosis, but Fine Needle Cytology (FNC) combined with ancillary techniques can also produce correct diagnoses in most cases. In patients suffering from NHL, FNC also plays an important role in differential diagnosis between relapse of primary disease and reactive lymph nodes enlargement. This review explores the role of FNC in the diagnosis and classification of NHL trying to highlight possibilities and the limitations of the technique.

  6. Lymphogranuloma venereum and non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Romero Leal Passos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV is an uncommon, contagious, sexually transmitted disease (STD. We report a case of a 17-year-old teenager who presented with a 2-month-old ulcerous vegetant lesion in the right inguinal region. The patient was diagnosed with LGV and received erythromycin treatment. Three months after treatment, he presented with a new ulcerous lesion, very similar to the previous one, in the right supraclavicular region. He was diagnosed with a diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Both diseases are rare in Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil, and physicians should not neglect the possibility of STDs in such cases.

  7. PRIMARY MEDIASTINAL B LARGE CELL LYMPHOMA - CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Ćojbašić

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Primary mediastinal large B cell lymphoma (PMLBCL has been recognized as a specific subtype of diffuse large B cell lymphoma with characteristic clinical, pathological and biological features. This paper presents a diagnostic and therapeutic approach in the treatment of patient with this disease. A patient aged 35 years visited a doctor because of the presence of B-symptoms and signs of the existence of superior vena cava syndrome. After the transbronchial biopsy of the tumor mass, the diagnosis PMLBCL was established. This case has been regarded as localized stage lymphoma with medium risk. The patient received induction therapy by R-MACOP-B protocol and achieved a clinical response of partial remission type. After that, radiotherapy of mediastinum was carried and salavage therapy was applied but no further reduction in tumor mass was observed. Treatment was continued by the application of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Control PET/CT scan showed the absence of a viable tumor, thus it was concluded that clinical response of complete remission type was achieved. The optimal therapeutic approach in the treatment of patients with PMLBCL remains a matter of debate. The use of a therapeutic protocol MACOP-B in combination with mediastinum radiotherapy has been demonstrated to improve disease-free survival, while the importance of additional treatment with rituximab and the role of PET scan in the assessment of therapeutic response continue to be reviewed.

  8. A case of anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive renal cell carcinoma coincident with Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyama, Yuzo; Nishida, Haruto; Kusaba, Takahiro; Kadowaki, Hiroko; Arakane, Motoki; Daa, Tsutomu; Watanabe, Dai; Akita, Yasuyuki; Sato, Fuminori; Mimata, Hiromitsu; Yokoyama, Shigeo

    2017-12-01

    We report a case of ALK-positive renal cell carcinoma coincident with Hodgkin lymphoma. The patient was a 19 year-old-girl without sickle cell trait. The right renal tumor was discovered concomitantly with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). After chemotherapy for HL, right nephrectomy was performed. Microscopically, the tumor showed a solid and focally pseudo-papillary growth pattern studded with tubular structures. Most tumor cells were small bland eosinophilic cells, but rhabdoid cells, vacuolated cells, pleomorphic multinucleated giant cells were also admixed. The variety of growth patterns and cell features led us to speculate a possibility of ALK-positive renal cell carcinoma (ALK + RCC). ALK was immunohistochemically positive, and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis detected a split signal of the ALK gene. We examined previously reported partner genes (STRN, TPM3, VCL and EML4) by RT-PCR, but fusion gene was not detected. RCC showing solid or cribriform growth patterns with vacuolated cells with intracytoplamic lumina, rhabdoid cells, and mucus production indicates the possibility of ALK + RCC. © 2017 Japanese Society of Pathology and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  9. Primary gastrointestinal lymphomas in Jordan are similar to those in Western countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almasri, N M; al-Abbadi, M; Rewaily, E; Abulkhail, A; Tarawneh, M S

    1997-02-01

    It has been a common practice to divide gastrointestinal (GI) lymphomas into Western and Middle Eastern types; the former predominantly involves the stomach, whereas the latter are mostly intestinal. Recent studies suggested that these lymphomas are biologically different from their nodal counterpart and hence should be classified separately. In this retrospective study, we examined all of the primary GI lymphomas seen at Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan, between 1983 and 1992 in an attempt to reclassify and immunophenotype these cases. We studied 53 cases of primary GI lymphomas for which available material was found. Lymphomas were morphologically reclassified according to current classification schemes. Immunoperoxidase stains were performed using the streptavidin biotin method using antibodies against leukocyte common antigen, B, and T-cells. The stomach was the most common site of involvement, accounting for 62% of the cases. The male-to-female ratio was 2.8:1. The three most common histologic types were, in order, diffuse large cell lymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, and lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. Immunoproliferative small intestinal disease was seen in only one patient. The B-cell phenotype predominated in our cases; it was seen in 85% of the gastric and 100% of the intestinal cases. Unlike other series from the region, the stomach was the most commonly involved site by GI lymphoma. Immunoproliferative small intestinal disease seems to be a rare entity in Jordan, and the majority of intestinal and gastric lymphomas were diffuse large cell lymphomas. Histopathologic evidence of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue origin was seen in at least 18% of the gastric cases. B-cell lymphomas were by far the most common type seen, and T-cell lymphomas were rare.

  10. Clinico-hematological Profile of 184 Patients with Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: An Experience from Southern Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sultan, Sadia; Irfan, Syed Mohammed; Rashid, Anila; Parveen, Saira; Nawaz, Neesha

    2017-09-01

    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a diverse group of lymphoma comprises of divergent tumors with paradoxical clinical behaviors and potential difference in response to therapy. We conducted a data-base analysis on NHL patients to evaluate the clinico-epidemiological features and WHO spectrum of NHL in Pakistani patients. This descriptive study was conducted over a period of 5 years from January 2011 to December 2015 at Hematology department of Liaquat National Hospital. All NHL cases were diagnosed by morphology on H&E sections and Immunohistochemical profile according to WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms. 184 histopathologically confirmed cases of NHL were identified. There were 139 males and 45 females, with a male to female ratio of 3: 1. The mean age was 48.5±16.0 years with the median age of 50 years. B symptoms were present in 80.4% of patients. Lymph node enlargement was present in 71.1% of the cases. 168 patients ad B-cell lymphoma (91.3%) and 16 patients had T-cell (8.6%) lymphoma. Overall 158 (85.8%) patients had aggressive lymphoma. Histopathologically, Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma constituted major subtype in 67.9%, followed by follicular lymphoma in 7.6% patients. Marginal lymphoma in 3.8%patients, 3.2% patients had mantle cell, 2.7% patients of anaplastic large cell and 2.1% patients each for Burkitt's lymphoma and T-cell rich lymphoma. In T cell neoplasm, peripheral T cell lymphoma and adult T cell lymphoma are the main variants accountable in 4.3% and 3.2% respectively. B cell lymphoma is more frequent than T cell lymphoma with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma being the commonest NHL. Our analysis shows that clinicopathological features of NHL are comparable to published data. However, aggressive lymphoma and predominance of B symptoms are more frequently seen.

  11. A case of CD30+ ALK1- anaplastic large cell lymphoma resembling acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afrantou, T; Natsis, K S; Papadopoulos, G; Lagoudaki, R; Poulios, C; Mamouli, D; Kostopoulos, I; Grigoriadis, N

    2017-04-01

    Central nervous system involvement is an uncommon complication of systemic non-Hodgkin lymphomas. The majority of these cases concern B-cell lymphomas. We report a case of systemic T-cell anaplastic large cell lymphoma CD30+ ALK- with CNS involvement at the time of diagnosis and unusual MRI characteristics resembling acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Type 1 diabetes mellitus, coeliac disease, and lymphoma: a report of four cases.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Connor, T M

    2012-02-03

    INTRODUCTION: Patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus have a high prevalence of coeliac disease, symptoms of which are often mild, atypical, or absent. Untreated coeliac disease is associated with an increased risk of malignancy, particularly of lymphoma. We describe four patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus and coeliac disease who developed lymphoma. CASE REPORTS: Two patients were male and two female. In three patients, coeliac disease and lymphoma were diagnosed simultaneously. Enteropathy-associated T cell lymphoma occurred in two patients, Hodgkin\\'s disease in one, and B cell lymphoma in one. Response to treatment was in general poor, and three patients died soon after the diagnosis of lymphoma was made. CONCLUSION: As the relative risk of lymphoma is reduced by a gluten-free diet, a high index of suspicion for coeliac disease should exist in all Type 1 diabetic patients with unexplained constitutional or gastrointestinal symptoms.

  13. Advances in the management of HIV-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behler, Caroline M; Kaplan, Lawrence D

    2006-09-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus infection is associated with an increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Even with a decrease in AIDS-defining illnesses after the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy, HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma remains an important problem. Low CD4+ T-lymphocyte count, disease stage, performance status, serum lactate dehydrogenase, and number of extranodal sites of disease are all important prognostic factors for HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Recent studies have examined the role of infusional chemotherapy, as well as immunotherapy, in the treatment of aggressive HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and autologous stem cell transplantation for relapsed or refractory HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. New developments in the association of viral infection and pathogenesis of certain subtypes of HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma have also recently been reported. Outcomes of HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma are improving with the routine use of highly active antiretroviral therapy and combination chemotherapy. For aggressive HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, infusional chemotherapy regimens are well tolerated and lead to complete response in about 50-75% of cases and a 2-3 years overall survival of 40-60%. The potential benefit of adding rituximab to combination chemotherapy may be offset by infectious complications in severely immunosuppressed patients. HIV-associated Burkitt lymphoma should be treated with an intensive regimen rather than standard cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone-like chemotherapy. Autologous stem cell transplantation should be considered for selected patients with relapsed or refractory HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

  14. HIV-associated lymphoma: histopathology and association with Epstein-Barr virus genome related to clinical, immunological and prognostic features

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, C; Gerstoft, J; Lundgren, Jens Dilling

    1991-01-01

    (6)/l, P less than 0.05), and more often a history of previous AIDS-defining illnesses (50% vs. 0%, P less than 0.005), compared with patients with Burkitt-type lymphomas. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA was demonstrated in 14 of 19 immunoblast-rich tumours, and in 2 of 7 Burkitt-type lymphomas (P = 0...

  15. Genetically Modified Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With HIV-Associated Non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-06

    Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; AIDS-related Peripheral/Systemic Lymphoma; AIDS-related Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; HIV-associated Hodgkin Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I AIDS-related Lymphoma; Stage II AIDS-related Lymphoma; Stage III AIDS-related Lymphoma; Stage IV AIDS-related Lymphoma; T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  16. Primary Lymphoma of the Liver: A Case Report and Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franzjosef Schweiger

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The case of a previously healthy man who developed primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of the liver is presented. Biopsy confirmed that the tumour was of the diffuse large cell type and was of apparent T-cell origin. The diagnosis of these rare tumours is suggested by the presence of a hepatic mass without lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly or bone marrow involvement, as well as normal carcinoembryonic antigen and alpha-fetoprotein levels. However, histological examination of tissue is essential to confirm the diagnosis. The response to treatment varies, but surgical resection and/or chemotherapy can result in prolonged remissions. The literature on this topic is briefly reviewed.

  17. Leucoderma associated with flares of erythrodermic cutaneous T-cell lymphomas: four cases. The French Study Group of Cutaneous Lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouloc, A; Grange, F; Delfau-Larue, M H; Dieng, M T; Tortel, M C; Avril, M F; Revuz, J; Bagot, M; Wechsler, J

    2000-10-01

    We describe four patients with erythrodermic cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (two with erythrodermic mycosis fungoides, and two with Sézary syndrome) who presented with extensive hypopigmented lesions that occurred during flares of their cutaneous disease. These cases must be distinguished from previously described hypopigmented mycosis fungoides where hypopigmented lesions were the sole manifestation of the lymphoma. In two cases a biopsy was performed on hypopigmented skin, showing an infiltrate of atypical lymphocytes with epidermotropism and absence of melanocytes, as in vitiligo. It is suggested that the hypopigmentation could be due to the cytotoxicity of tumour or reactional lymphocytes directed against melanocytes.

  18. Colitis ulcerosa complicated by malignant lymphoma: case report and analysis of published works.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenzen, R; Borchard, F; Lübke, H; Strohmeyer, G

    1995-01-01

    A 51 year old woman with a two year history of ulcerative colitis developed a wide spread gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of low grade malignancy (MALT-lymphoma) involving upper and lower gastrointestinal tract, spleen, and bone marrow. After chemotherapy, clinical symptoms improved and lymphocytic infiltrates disappeared. Thirty nine cases of ulcerative colitis and 22 cases of Crohn's disease complicated by gastrointestinal lymphomas reported in published works are reviewed. In inflammatory bowel diseases any dense lymphocytic infiltrates seen in biopsy specimens obtained from ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease should be assessed to exclude gastrointestinal lymphoma. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 PMID:7883235

  19. Primary and Secondary T-cell Lymphomas of the Breast: Clinico-pathologic Features of 11 Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gualco, Gabriela; Chioato, Lucimara; Harrington, William J.; Weiss, Lawrence M.; Bacchi, Carlos E.

    2009-01-01

    Breast involvement by non-Hodgkin lymphomas is rare, and exceptional for T-cell lymphomas; we studied the morphologic, immunophenotypic, and clinical features of 11 patients with T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas involving the breast. Four cases fulfilled the definition criteria for primary breast lymphomas, 3 females and 1 male, with a median age of 51 years. One primary breast lymphomas was T-cell lymphoma unspecified, other was subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma, and 2 cases were anaplastic large cell lymphomas. One of the anaplastic large cell lymphoma cases was found surrounding a silicone breast implant and presented as clinically as mastitis; whereas the other case occurred in a man. T-cell lymphoma secondarily involved the breast in 7 patients, all women and 1 bilateral, with a median age of 29 years. These secondary breast lymphomas occurred as part of widespread nodal or leukemic disease. Three patients had adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, including the patient with bilateral lesions, 3 others had precursor T-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia, and the other presented with a peripheral-T-cell lymphoma nonotherwise specified type. Breast T-cell lymphomas are very infrequent and are morphologically and clinically heterogeneous. PMID:19318917

  20. Early and reliable diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in childhood and adolescence: contribution of cytomorphology and flow cytometric immunophenotyping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Georg; Attarbaschi, Andishe; Steiner, Manuel; Simonitsch, Ingrid; Strobl, Herbert; Urban, Christian; Meister, Bernhard; Haas, Oskar; Dworzak, Michael; Gadner, Helmut

    2006-01-01

    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) represents one of the most rapidly growing malignancies in childhood and adolescence. About 80% of patients now are cured with adequate treatment. Serious complications at presentation due to tumor lysis syndrome or local tumor effects are commonly observed. Thus, a rapid diagnosis with the least invasive procedure enabling the initiation of early and specific therapy is necessary to diminish early fatality or persistent impairment. In 56 centrally registered patients with NHL, cytomorphologic analyses (FAB criteria) of May-Grünwald-Giemsa-stained touch imprints or malignant effusions and flow cytometric immunophenotyping (EGIL criteria) of fresh cell suspensions with a standardized panel of monoclonal antibodies were performed. The authors identified 23 patients with Burkitt lymphoma by the combination of FAB L3 morphology and a mature B-cell phenotype and 22 patients with lymphoblastic lymphoma by FAB L1/L2 morphology and a T-/B-cell precursor phenotype. They also found 11 patients with large cell lymphomas, 3 of them with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (T-cell phenotype; NPM/ALK-positive). In the remaining 8 patients diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was suspected by the combined use of cytologic and immunophenotypic findings (mature B-cell phenotype). In all cases with available solid tumor material (n = 42/56) the preliminary diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology. Burkitt lymphoma, lymphoblastic lymphoma, and, in a few cases, some large cell lymphomas could be classified reliably by cytomorphology and immunophenotyping of freshly obtained tumor cell material, enabling an early start of specific lymphoma treatment.

  1. Spontaneous regression of intracranial malignant lymphoma. Case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kojo, Nobuto; Tokutomi, Takashi; Eguchi, Gihachirou; Takagi, Shigeyuki; Matsumoto, Tomie; Sasaguri, Yasuyuki; Shigemori, Minoru.

    1988-05-01

    In a 46-year-old female with a 1-month history of gait and speech disturbances, computed tomography (CT) demonstrated mass lesions of slightly high density in the left basal ganglia and left frontal lobe. The lesions were markedly enhanced by contrast medium. The patient received no specific treatment, but her clinical manifestations gradually abated and the lesions decreased in size. Five months after her initial examination, the lesions were absent on CT scans; only a small area of low density remained. Residual clinical symptoms included mild right hemiparesis and aphasia. After 14 months the patient again deteriorated, and a CT scan revealed mass lesions in the right frontal lobe and the pons. However, no enhancement was observed in the previously affected regions. A biopsy revealed malignant lymphoma. Despite treatment with steroids and radiation, the patient's clinical status progressively worsened and she died 27 months after initial presentation. Seven other cases of spontaneous regression of primary malignant lymphoma have been reported. In this case, the mechanism of the spontaneous regression was not clear, but changes in immunologic status may have been involved.

  2. Two cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma of urinary bladder: Primary and secondary

    OpenAIRE

    Nischith D'Souza; Ashish Verma; Avinash Rai

    2017-01-01

    Lymphoma of urinary bladder is rare and can be primary (0.2% of all bladder neoplasms) or secondary (1.8% of secondary tumors of the bladder), the latter being more common. Here, we report a case each of primary and secondary lymphoma of the bladder who had undergone treatment at our hospital. Both patients underwent cystoscopy and resection of the bladder growth followed by immunohistochemical staining which revealed them to be lymphomas.

  3. MS-275 and Isotretinoin in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Advanced Solid Tumors or Lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Primary Central Nervous System Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  4. [Central nervous system relapse in diffuse large B cell lymphoma: Risk factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sancho, Juan-Manuel; Ribera, Josep-Maria

    2016-01-15

    Central nervous system (CNS) involvement by lymphoma is a complication associated, almost invariably, with a poor prognosis. The knowledge of the risk factors for CNS relapse is important to determine which patients could benefit from prophylaxis. Thus, patients with very aggressive lymphomas (such as lymphoblastic lymphoma or Burkitt's lymphoma) must systematically receive CNS prophylaxis due to a high CNS relapse rate (25-30%), while in patients with indolent lymphoma (such as follicular lymphoma or marginal lymphoma) prophylaxis is unnecessary. However, the question about CNS prophylaxis in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common type of lymphoma, remains controversial. The information available is extensive, mainly based on retrospective and heterogeneous studies. There seems that immunochemotherapy based on rituximab reduces the CNS relapse rate. On the other hand, patients with increased serum lactate dehydrogenase plus more than one extranodal involvement seem to have a higher risk of CNS relapse, but a prophylaxis strategy based only on the presence of these 2 factors does not prevent all CNS relapses. Patients with involvement of testes or breast have high risk of CNS relapse and prophylaxis is mandatory. Finally, CNS prophylaxis could be considered in patients with DLBCL and renal or epidural space involvement, as well as in those cases with MYC rearrangements, although additional studies are necessary. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  5. Sinonasal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma with Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuan-Jung Huang

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Natural killer (NK/T-cell lymphoma is the most common malignant lymphoma among sinonasal lymphomas. Diagnosis is difficult and prognosis is poor. Herein, we report the case of a 22-year-old male patient with sinonasal NK/T-cell lymphoma who first presented with nasal obstruction and left facial swelling. There was a mushroom-like mass over the hard palate, diffuse mucosal swelling in the left nasal cavity, and left orbital cellulitis. The patient underwent a Caldwell-Luc operation, functional endoscopic sinus surgery, and wide excision of the palate tumor. Pathologic examination of the maxillary sinus, nasal cavity, and palate tumor showed an NK/T-cell lymphoma. Two days after the operation, the patient suddenly had bloody stool and suffered hematemesis. A series of examinations revealed a small intestinal hemorrhage. Emergent exploratory laparotomy showed an ulcerative tumor mass with bleeding over the jejunum. Pathologic examination of the mass showed that it was the same as the sinonasal mass, an NK/T-cell lymphoma. We reviewed previous studies on nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma and found no report discussing patients with NK/T-cell lymphoma of both nasal and non-nasal origins. From this case, we learned that in patients with sinonasal NK/T-cell lymphoma, other sites may be involved.

  6. A rare case of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma presenting in the thyroid gland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Joyce; Chute, Deborah; Milas, Mira; Mitchell, Jamie; Siperstein, Allan; Berber, Eren

    2010-09-01

    Lymphoma involving the thyroid gland is rare. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma are the two most common histologic subtypes of primary thyroid lymphoma. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) presenting initially as a thyroid abnormality is extremely rare, with very few reported cases in the literature. We report a case of a patient with a long history of Hashimoto's thyroiditis and goiter who presented with a recent enlargement of her thyroid gland. The sonographic finding of a distinct thyroid nodule in the heterogeneous background of chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis led to the performance of a fine-needle aspiration biopsy and flow cytometry, with a high index of suspicion for thyroid lymphoma. Subsequent surgical removal of the thyroid gland, prompted by the patient's history of head and neck radiation, confirmed the diagnosis of CLL/SLL. The patient's systemic illness was recognized only after the management of her thyroid disease. Although thyroiditis has long been associated with lymphoma arising in the thyroid gland, CLL/SLL involving the thyroid has not been linked to chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. Therefore, the patient also had coexisting thyroiditis. Due to the rarity of thyroid lymphomas, our experience in the detection and management of this disease is limited. Primary thyroid lymphoma should be suspected in a patient with a history of chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis presenting with a rapidly enlarging neck mass. The initial diagnostic method for thyroid lymphoma should consist of a fine-needle aspiration biopsy with the use of ancillary techniques such as flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry for improved diagnostic accuracy. Although controversial, the treatment of thyroid lymphoma is typically guided by the histologic subtype and extent of disease. CLL/SLL is one of the rarest subtypes of lymphoma that can involve the thyroid gland. Diagnosis of this entity is difficult

  7. Relationships among hepatitis C virus, hepatocellular carcinoma, and diffuse large B cell lymphoma: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Byun, Hyuk Jun; Kim, Seong Hoon [Dept. of Radiology, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-07-15

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the main causes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recent studies have reported various associations between HCV and the incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We report the radiologic findings in a rare case of simultaneous occurrence of HCC and diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a HCV carrier.

  8. Immune reconstitution syndrome presenting as probable AIDS-related lymphoma: a case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Bo K; Nielsen, Susanne D; Christensen, Charlotte

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT: We report an unusual case of HIV-related immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome, presenting as suspected AIDS-related lymphoma. Symptoms, initial investigations including fine-needle biopsy and 18F-FDG PET/CT scan were highly compatible with high grade AIDS-related lymphoma, howeve...

  9. Immune reconstitution syndrome presenting as probable AIDS-related lymphoma: a case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Bo K; Nielsen, Susanne D; Christensen, Charlotte B

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT: We report an unusual case of HIV-related immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome, presenting as suspected AIDS-related lymphoma. Symptoms, initial investigations including fine-needle biopsy and 18F-FDG PET/CT scan were highly compatible with high grade AIDS-related lymphoma, however...

  10. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the developing world: review of 4539 cases from the International Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Classification Project

    OpenAIRE

    Anamarija M Perry; Diebold, Jacques; Nathwani, Bharat N.; MacLennan, Kenneth A.; Müller-Hermelink, Hans K.; Bast, Martin; Boilesen, Eugene; Armitage, James O.; Weisenburger, Dennis D.

    2016-01-01

    The distribution of non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes varies around the world, but a large systematic comparative study has never been done. In this study, we evaluated the clinical features and relative frequencies of non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes in five developing regions of the world and compared the findings to the developed world. Five expert hematopathologists classified 4848 consecutive cases of lymphoma from 26 centers in 24 countries using the World Health Organization classification, a...

  11. Familial Aggregation of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loves Sandra SCM

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A family is reported in which three male siblings of Asian descent developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL. Case 1 was diagnosed with indolent follicular lymphoma stage IIIA at age 45. Case 2 presented with large B-cell lymphoma stage IIB at age 56. Chromosomal investigation of the peripheral blood did not show abnormalities. Chemotherapy induced a complete remission. However, after a period of nearly ten years he developed acute myeloid leukaemia. Case 3 developed large B-cell lymphoma stage IVA at age 52. Cytogenetic analysis in peripheral blood was normal. Shared genetic and environmental risk factors remain to be identified in this family. Familial aggregation of NHL is uncommon. In some families, various forms of immunodeficiency have been found. In addition to coincidental clustering of cases, and rare cases explained by known tumour syndromes such as Li-Fraumeni (like syndrome, other familial cases may share as yet unknown genetic and/or environmental risk factors.

  12. Primary Malignant Lymphoma of the Uterus: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margriet Samama

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Primary malignant lymphomas in the female genital tract are rare. Most cases are non-Hodgkin lymphomas of which diffuse large B-cell lymphomas are most commonly seen. Symptoms are associated with other, more common diseases; therefore, a doctors’ delay can be expected. In this case a woman presented with complaints of urinary obstruction due to a large tumour in the pelvic area. A laparotomy was performed. A very large tumour of the uterus was found with adherence to the pelvic wall and urinary bladder. Diagnostic histological examination showed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Treatment with R-CHOP chemotherapy was started shortly after the operation. The treatment of patients with a primary malignant lymphoma of the uterus should be individualized with the following options: surgery, radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy.

  13. Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma with Cyclin D1 overexpression: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aquino Gabriella

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Peripheral T-cell lymphomas not otherwise specified are generally considered aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas, because of poor natural outcome and response to therapy. They show a complex karyotype without any specific genetic hallmark. We report a case of peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified with heterogeneous nuclear Cyclin D1 immunohistochemical overexpression, due to gene copy gain, a phenomenon similar to that observed in Mantle Cell Lymphoma characterized by t(11;14(q13;q32. In this case report we underline the diagnostic pitfall rapresented by Cyclin D1 immunoistochemical overexpression in a T-cell lymphoma. Several pitfalls could lead to misinterpretation of diagnosis, therefore, we underlined the need to integrate the classical histology and immunohistochemistry with molecular tests as clonality or Fluorescence in situ hybridization. Virtual slide The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1117747619703769

  14. Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma with Cyclin D1 overexpression: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aquino, Gabriella; Franco, Renato; Ronconi, Fioravante; Anniciello, Annamaria; Russo, Luigi; De Chiara, Annarosaria; Panico, Luigi

    2012-07-06

    Peripheral T-cell lymphomas not otherwise specified are generally considered aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas, because of poor natural outcome and response to therapy. They show a complex karyotype without any specific genetic hallmark. We report a case of peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified with heterogeneous nuclear cyclin D1 immunohistochemical overexpression, due to gene copy gain, a phenomenon similar to that observed in mantle cell lymphoma characterized by t(11;14)(q13;q32). In this case report we underline the diagnostic pitfall represented by cyclin D1 immunohistochemical overexpression in a T-cell lymphoma. Several pitfalls could lead to misinterpretation of diagnosis, therefore, we underlined the need to integrate the classical histology and immunohistochemistry with molecular tests as clonality or fluorescence in situ hybridization. The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1117747619703769.

  15. The Histological and Biological Spectrum of Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma in the WHO Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menon, Madhu P.; Pittaluga, Stefania; Jaffe, Elaine S.

    2012-01-01

    Diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCL) are aggressive B-cell lymphomas that are clinically, pathologically and genetically diverse, in part reflecting the functional diversity of the B-cell system. The focus in recent years has been towards incorporation of clinical features, morphology, immunohistochemistry and ever evolving genetic data into the classification scheme. The 2008 WHO classification reflects this complexity with the addition of several new entities and variants. The discovery of distinct subtypes by gene expression profiling (GEP) heralded a new era with a focus on pathways of transformation as well as a promise of more targeted therapies, directed at specific pathways. Some DLBCLs exhibit unique clinical characteristics with a predilection for specific anatomic sites; the anatomic site often reflects underlying biological distinctions. Recently, the spectrum of EBV-driven B-cell proliferations in patients without iatrogenic or congenital immunosuppression has been better characterized; most of these occur in patients of advanced age, and include EBV-positive large B-cell lymphoma of the elderly. HHV-8 is involved in the pathogenesis of primary effusion lymphoma, which can present as a “solid variant.” Two borderline categories were created; one deals with tumors at the interface between classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and DLBCL. The second confronts the interface between Burkitt Lymphoma (BL) and DLBCL, so called “B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and Burkitt lymphoma” in the 2008 classification. Most cases harbor both MYC and BCL2 translocations, and are highly aggressive. Another interesting entity is ALK+ DLBCL, which renders itself potentially targetable by ALK inhibitors. Ongoing investigations at the genomic level, with both exome and whole genome sequencing, are sure to reveal new pathways of transformation in the future. PMID:23006945

  16. Malignant lymphoma in skeletal muscle with rhabdomyolysis: a report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masaoka, Satoru; Fu, Tatsuo

    2002-01-01

    Malignant lymphoma is rarely found in skeletal muscle. In this article, we present two cases of malignant lymphomas that were located in skeletal muscle and caused rhabdomyolysis. One case was a primary skeletal muscle lymphoma (which is quite rare), and the other was a skeletal muscle metastasis of lymphoma. The patient with primary skeletal muscle lymphoma was diagnosed with a diffuse type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of T-cell origin, which may be linked to a history of injury. Both patients exhibited diffuse, homogeneous lesions of the affected muscles on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The blood levels of some enzymes and potassium, indicative of rhabdomyolysis, were elevated. Bone scintigraphy depicted widespread, diffuse accumulation of the radioisotope in the affected muscles of both patients, typical of rhabdomyolysis. Rhabdomyolysis may be a sequela of lymphoma, as a result of the tendency of malignant lymphoma to infiltrate diffusely into muscles, to affect multiple neighboring muscle compartments, and to metastasize into other soft tissues, as well as being a sequela of possible cytotoxic or humoral actions, all of which may increase the amount of muscle damage. When a patient presents with diffuse muscle swelling, one should consider a diagnosis of a hematogenous disease, which may cause rhabdomyolysis complicated by renal dysfunction.

  17. Primary Testicular Lymphoma In Nigerian Males: Case Report and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The prevalence of primary testicular lymphoma in this environment is similar to the prevalence elsewhere but the age at presentation differs. There is a need to be on the lookout for the disease not only in the elderly but also in young patients presenting with testicular masses. Key Words: testicular, lymphoma, Non- Hodgkin

  18. A case of lymphoma in a patient on teriflunomide treatment for relapsing multiple sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landais, Anne; Alhendi, Rabi; Gouverneur, Amandine; Teron-Aboud, Brigitte

    2017-10-01

    Teriflunomide is an oral therapy approved for relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis which has been shown to reduce relapse rate and disability progression. We report the case of a 54-year -old black woman with multiple sclerosis who developed follicular lymphoma after about 8 months of exposure to teriflunomide. Importantly, apart from age, the patient had none of the established risk factors for follicular lymphoma. Moreover, although this is the first published case of a lymphoma on teriflunomide, it is not the first confirmed case. Ten other cases have so far been reported to pharmacovigilance worldwide, and a further 82 with leflunomide. In conclusion, an association between teriflunomide and a higher risk of lymphoma cannot be ruled out. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Primary Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma of the Bladder: Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansour Ansari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Most bladder tumors are epithelial in origin. Nonepithelial cancers are rarely located in the bladder. Sarcomas are the most common malignancies among nonepithelial cancers. Primary bladder lymphoma is rare and mostly low grade. Here, we have reported a case of diffuse large cell lymphoma of the bladder. The patient, a 64-year-old man, had urinary frequency for 18 months. Abdominal sonography indicated a thick bladder wall and transurethral biopsy showed diffuse large cell lymphoma. Immunohistochemistry (IHC results showed that the tumor was positive for CD20, CD45, and Pax-5 and negative for BCL-2, cytokeratin, and S100. He had a normal bone marrow biopsy, abdominal, pelvic and chest CT scans. He had no B symptoms. The patient received 6 cycles of R-CHOP followed by radiotherapy (36 Gy to the pelvis. Six months after treatment, the patient is well and has returned to work. We have searched PubMed for primary diffuse large cell lymphoma. Primary diffuse large cell lymphoma of the bladder is best treated according to treatment for diffuse large cell lymphoma of other sites, which includes chemotherapy and radiotherapy. As seen in our review, primary diffuse large cell lymphoma of the bladder has a similar clinical course to diffuse large cell lymphoma of other sites.

  20. SLE and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: A Case Series and Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boddu, Prajwal; Mohammed, Abdul S; Annem, Chandrahasa; Sequeira, Winston

    2017-01-01

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disorder punctuated by varied multiorgan complications all along the course of its natural history. Lymphoma represents a relatively well-recognized malignant phenomenon associated with lupus. The cause and effect relationships of lymphoma in SLE have been subject to extensive scrutiny with several studies reporting on clinic-pathologic characteristics and risk factors predicting lymphoma development in SLE. However, the pathogenic role of immunosuppressives in SLE-related lymphoma still remains unclear, and indices to help guide diagnosis, prognostication, therapy, and posttreatment monitoring are yet to be established. In this review, we describe 3 SLE patients who developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma at different time points of their disease. Through a careful dissection of the aforementioned cases, we intend to apprise readers of the currently available literature surrounding risk factors, management, and prognosis in SLE-related lymphoma. We will also review and discuss the implications of immunosuppressives in SLE-related lymphoma and the role of mycophenolate mofetil in SLE-related primary CNS lymphoma development.

  1. SLE and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: A Case Series and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prajwal Boddu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE is a multisystem autoimmune disorder punctuated by varied multiorgan complications all along the course of its natural history. Lymphoma represents a relatively well-recognized malignant phenomenon associated with lupus. The cause and effect relationships of lymphoma in SLE have been subject to extensive scrutiny with several studies reporting on clinic-pathologic characteristics and risk factors predicting lymphoma development in SLE. However, the pathogenic role of immunosuppressives in SLE-related lymphoma still remains unclear, and indices to help guide diagnosis, prognostication, therapy, and posttreatment monitoring are yet to be established. In this review, we describe 3 SLE patients who developed non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma at different time points of their disease. Through a careful dissection of the aforementioned cases, we intend to apprise readers of the currently available literature surrounding risk factors, management, and prognosis in SLE-related lymphoma. We will also review and discuss the implications of immunosuppressives in SLE-related lymphoma and the role of mycophenolate mofetil in SLE-related primary CNS lymphoma development.

  2. Lymphoma and Lactic Acidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, John W; Delbeke, Dominique; Sandler, Martin P

    2017-05-01

    A 39-year-old man presented with new onset of sinus congestion, shortness of breath, and diaphoresis. His laboratory tests were notable for hypercalcemia and lactic acidosis. A CT scan of the head demonstrated mild paranasal disease. CT scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis demonstrated omental caking with lymphadenopathy and a thickened loop of bowel in the left upper quadrant suggestive of lymphoma. All abdominal lesions seen in the CT were intensely F-FDG avid with diffuse uptake in the bone marrow. There was markedly decreased F-FDG uptake in both the brain and liver. Histopathology was positive for Burkitt lymphoma.

  3. A Case of Successful Remission of Extensive Primary Gastric Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma: Radiologic, Endoscopic and Pathologic Evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mike M. Bismar

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Though rare amongst stomach neoplasms, primary gastric diffuse large B cell lymphoma is one of the commonest extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphomas. If left untreated, it can have a devastating progression and life-threatening consequences. We present the case of a successfully treated large antral ulcer confirmed to be large B cell lymphoma as evidenced by radiologic, endoscopic and histopathologic findings. A brief discussion about the types of gastric lymphoma, their Helicobacter pylori relation and therapeutic modalities follows.

  4. Conjunctival mass as an initial presentation of mantle cell lymphoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khanlari Mahsa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To describe a rare manifestation of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL in conjunctiva, with clinical, hisologic, immunohistologic and genetic findings together with review of the Literature. Case presentation Most ocular adnexal lymphomas are extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT. A few cases of ocular adnexal mantle cell lymphomas have been reported in the literature. We present a case of mantle cell lymphoma presenting as right conjunctival mass of at least three months duration in a 64-year-old man. Histopathologic examination showed a proliferation of monomorphous small-to-medium-sized lymphoid cells with cleaved nuclei in the subconjunctiva. By immunohistochemistry, the infiltrate was positive for CD20, CD5, BCL-2, cyclin D1, and the transcription factor SOX11. Fluorescent in situ hybridization demonstrated the presence of IGH-CCND1 fusion indicating t(11;14. Conclusion A rigorous approach to initial diagnosis and staging of small cell lymphomas of the ocular adnexa is needed. The recognition of ocular MCL requires appropriate immunohistochemical staining and/or genetic confirmation to differentiate this rare form of presentation of MCL from other more frequent small cell lymphomas.

  5. Residential Radon Exposure and Incidence of Childhood Lymphoma in Texas, 1995–2011

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    Erin C. Peckham

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available There is warranted interest in assessing the association between residential radon exposure and the risk of childhood cancer. We sought to evaluate the association between residential radon exposure and the incidence of childhood lymphoma in Texas. The Texas Cancer Registry (n = 2147 provided case information for the period 1995–2011. Denominator data were obtained from the United States Census. Regional arithmetic mean radon concentrations were obtained from the Texas Indoor Radon Survey and linked to residence at diagnosis. Exposure was assessed categorically: ≤25th percentile (reference, >25th to ≤50th percentile, >50th to ≤75th percentile, and >75th percentile. Negative binomial regression generated adjusted incidence rate ratios (aIRR and 95% confidence intervals (CI. We evaluated lymphoma overall and by subtype: Hodgkin (HL; n = 1248, Non-Hodgkin excluding Burkitt (non-BL NHL; n = 658, Burkitt (BL; n = 241, and Diffuse Large B-cell (DLBCL; n = 315. There was no evidence that residential radon exposure was positively associated with lymphoma overall, HL, or BL. Areas with radon concentrations >75th percentile had a marginal increase in DLBCL incidence (aIRR = 1.73, 95% CI: 1.03–2.91. In one of the largest studies of residential radon exposure and the incidence of childhood lymphoma, we found little evidence to suggest a positive or negative association; an observation consistent with previous studies.

  6. Residential Radon Exposure and Incidence of Childhood Lymphoma in Texas, 1995–2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peckham, Erin C.; Scheurer, Michael E.; Danysh, Heather E.; Lubega, Joseph; Langlois, Peter H.; Lupo, Philip J.

    2015-01-01

    There is warranted interest in assessing the association between residential radon exposure and the risk of childhood cancer. We sought to evaluate the association between residential radon exposure and the incidence of childhood lymphoma in Texas. The Texas Cancer Registry (n = 2147) provided case information for the period 1995–2011. Denominator data were obtained from the United States Census. Regional arithmetic mean radon concentrations were obtained from the Texas Indoor Radon Survey and linked to residence at diagnosis. Exposure was assessed categorically: ≤25th percentile (reference), >25th to ≤50th percentile, >50th to ≤75th percentile, and >75th percentile. Negative binomial regression generated adjusted incidence rate ratios (aIRR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). We evaluated lymphoma overall and by subtype: Hodgkin (HL; n = 1248), Non-Hodgkin excluding Burkitt (non-BL NHL; n = 658), Burkitt (BL; n = 241), and Diffuse Large B-cell (DLBCL; n = 315). There was no evidence that residential radon exposure was positively associated with lymphoma overall, HL, or BL. Areas with radon concentrations >75th percentile had a marginal increase in DLBCL incidence (aIRR = 1.73, 95% CI: 1.03–2.91). In one of the largest studies of residential radon exposure and the incidence of childhood lymphoma, we found little evidence to suggest a positive or negative association; an observation consistent with previous studies. PMID:26404336

  7. Primary Cutaneous Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma in a Sporotrichoid Pattern: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Daniel J; Vin, Harina; Hinojosa, Tiffany; Tetzlaff, Michael T; Dabaja, Bouthaina S; Duvic, Madeleine

    2017-07-01

    We present the extraordinary case of a 72-year-old man with a history of primary cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (pcPTCL-NOS) previously controlled with topical agents who developed tumours in a sporotrichoid pattern. Culture of the tumours was negative, and histopathology showed findings consistent with recurrent pcPTCL. The tumours were successfully treated with localised radiation therapy. Sporotrichoid lesions are an extremely rare and atypical presentation of cutaneous lymphoma, with only 2 other cases reported in the literature. Our case reinforces the need to include cutaneous lymphoma in the differential diagnosis of nodules on the extremities spreading in a sporotrichoid pattern. Clinical recognition of this atypical presentation of cutaneous lymphoma allows for prompt, effective treatment, which might include localised radiation therapy.

  8. Subtype distribution of lymphomas in Southwest China: Analysis of 6,382 cases using WHO classification in a single institution

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    Wang Xiao-Qing

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The subtype distribution of lymphoid neoplasms in Southwest China was analyzed according to WHO classifications. This study aims to analyze subtype distribution of lymphomas in southwest China. Methods Lymphoid neoplasms diagnosed within 9 years in a single institution in Southwest China were analyzed according to the WHO classification. Results From January 2000 to December 2008, a total number of 6,382 patients with lymphoma were established, of which mature B-cell neoplasms accounted for 56%, mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms occupied 26%, and precursor lymphoid neoplasms and Hodgkin lymphomas were 5% and 13%, respectively. Mixed cellularity (76% was the major subtype of classical Hodgkin lymphoma; and the bimodal age distribution was not observed. The top six subtypes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma were as follows: diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue, follicular lymphoma, precursor lymphoid neoplasms, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma. Extranodal lymphomas comprised about half of all cases, and most frequently involved Waldeyer's ring, gastrointestinal tract, sinonasal region and skin. Conclusions The lymphoid neoplasms of Southwest China displayed some epidemiologic features similar to those reported in literature from western and Asian countries, as well as other regions of China, whereas some subtypes showed distinct features. The high frequency of mature T/NK cell neoplasms and extranodal lymphomas, especially for extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, is the most outstanding characteristic of this series.

  9. Subtype distribution of lymphomas in Southwest China: analysis of 6,382 cases using WHO classification in a single institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Qun-Pei; Zhang, Wen-Yan; Yu, Jian-Bo; Zhao, Sha; Xu, Huan; Wang, Wei-Ya; Bi, Cheng-Feng; Zuo, Zhuo; Wang, Xiao-Qing; Huang, Juan; Dai, Lin; Liu, Wei-Ping

    2011-08-22

    The subtype distribution of lymphoid neoplasms in Southwest China was analyzed according to WHO classifications. This study aims to analyze subtype distribution of lymphomas in southwest China. Lymphoid neoplasms diagnosed within 9 years in a single institution in Southwest China were analyzed according to the WHO classification. From January 2000 to December 2008, a total number of 6,382 patients with lymphoma were established, of which mature B-cell neoplasms accounted for 56%, mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms occupied 26%, and precursor lymphoid neoplasms and Hodgkin lymphomas were 5% and 13%, respectively. Mixed cellularity (76%) was the major subtype of classical Hodgkin lymphoma; and the bimodal age distribution was not observed. The top six subtypes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma were as follows: diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue, follicular lymphoma, precursor lymphoid neoplasms, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma. Extranodal lymphomas comprised about half of all cases, and most frequently involved Waldeyer's ring, gastrointestinal tract, sinonasal region and skin. The lymphoid neoplasms of Southwest China displayed some epidemiologic features similar to those reported in literature from western and Asian countries, as well as other regions of China, whereas some subtypes showed distinct features. The high frequency of mature T/NK cell neoplasms and extranodal lymphomas, especially for extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, is the most outstanding characteristic of this series.

  10. Brentuximab Vedotin + Rituximab as Frontline Therapy for Pts w/ CD30+ and/or EBV+ Lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-28

    Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Epstein-Barr Virus Infection; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Progressive Hairy Cell Leukemia, Initial Treatment; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis

  11. [Primary non-polipoid intestinal folicular lymphoma: case report and review of the literature].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beltran, Brady; Alva, José Carlos; Morales, Domingo; Portanova, Michel

    2015-01-01

    The primary intestinal follicular lymphoma is a rare disease described in the last classification of lymphomas from WHO. It is a localized disease with excellent prognosis. We describe in this article ,a 64 year-old Peruvian female with abdominal pain and delayed vomiting for the last two years, has undergone a partial intestinal resection due to bowel obstruction. There was a well-circumscribed annular tumor. A diagnosis of non-polypoid primary intestinal follicular lymphoma was made. We report the case and review the literature in this article.

  12. Atypical presentation of isolated peripheral T-cell lymphoma in the hand: case report.

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    Kung, Theodore A; Smith, Lauren B; Chung, Kevin C

    2014-04-01

    Peripheral T-cell lymphoma is a rare malignancy that characteristically demonstrates generalized lymphadenopathy and extranodal involvement. We describe an atypical case of peripheral T-cell lymphoma manifesting as isolated hand swelling without evidence of nodal disease or systemic symptoms. This report emphasizes the highly variable clinical presentation of T-cell lymphomas and the importance of expeditious incisional biopsy in the setting of an undiagnosed hand mass. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Pineal Gland Lymphoma: Case Report and Literature Review

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    Akshya Gupta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 65-year-old male presented to our institution with acute-onset headache. Imaging studies demonstrated a mass in the region of the pineal gland, with subsequent histopathology findings being consistent with large B cell lymphoma. The patient was treated with methotrexate, but ultimately did not survive. Primary central nervous system (CNS lymphoma rarely involves the pineal gland, but should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pineal gland tumors in the appropriate clinical setting.

  14. A rare case of breast carcinoma co-existing with axillary mantle cell lymphoma

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    Scally John

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL is a rare variety of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma which originates from CD5+ B-cell population in the mantle zones of lymphoid follicles. Coexistence of such tumours in the axillary lymph nodes with invasive breast cancers without prior history of adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy has not been previously reported in literature. Case report We report a rare case of breast cancer co-existing with stage I mantle cell lymphoma of the ipsilateral axillary lymph node detected fortuitously by population screening. Conclusion Though some studies have tried to prove breast carcinomas and lymphomas to share a common molecular or viral link, more research needs to be done to establish whether such a link truly exists.

  15. Blood Sample Markers of Reproductive Hormones in Assessing Ovarian Reserve in Younger Patients With Newly Diagnosed Lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-05

    Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma; Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Progressive Hairy Cell Leukemia, Initial Treatment; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone

  16. Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the common bile duct: A case report and literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Zakaria, Ali; Al-Obeidi, Salwan; Daradkeh, Salam

    2017-01-01

    Hepatobiliary involvement by malignant lymphoma is usually a secondary manifestation of systemic disease, whereas primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the extrahepatic biliary ducts is an extremely rare entity. We describe the case of a 57-year-old man who presented with an acute onset of obstructive jaundice and severe itching. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed intrahepatic and common hepatic ducts dilatation. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic r...

  17. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: 2 case reports

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    Ferri, M. [Hamilton Health Sciences Corp., Dept. of Radiology, Hamilton, Ontario (Canada); Mar, C.; Bhatia, R.S. [Memorial Univ. of Newfoundland, Health Sciences Centre, Discipline of Radiology, St. John' s Newfoundland (Canada)

    2002-04-01

    The association between autoimmune rheumatic diseases and malignancy, and between lymphoproliferative disorders and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), in particular, has been documented. Although the imaging features of pulmonary lymphoma and of pulmonary manifestations of SLE have been described separately, the imaging features of the 2 together have not been demonstrated. We present the cases of 2 patients with SLE presenting with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). (author)

  18. Non-polypoidal, synchronous mantle- cell lymphoma of small intestine: a rare case

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    Sikalias Nikolaos

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Herein is reported the case of a mantle cell lymphoma (MCL with synchronous double intestinal location. A 74 - year old male presented with mild abdominal pain. CT scan imaging indicated invasion of lateral intestinal cavity by large mass formation. Exploratory laparotomy was performed and two solid extra-mural masses were isolated and excised. Histology revealed non- polypoid double synchronous lymphoma of mantle cell origin, an unusual presentation of the disease.

  19. Two cases of uveitis masquerade syndrome caused by bilateral intraocular large B-cell lymphoma

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    Jovanović Svetlana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Sometimes it is not easy to clinically recognize subtle differences between intraocular lymphoma and noninfectious uveitis. The most common lymphoma subtype involving the eye is B-cell lymphoma. Case report. We presented two patients aged 59 and 58 years with infiltration of the subretinal space with a large B-cell non-Hodgkin intraocular lymphoma. The patients originally had clinically masked syndrome in the form of intermediate uveitis. As it was a corticosteroid-resistant uveitis, we focused on the possible diagnosis of neoplastic causes of this syndrome. During hospitalization, the neurological symptoms emerged and multiple subretinal changes accompanied by yellowish white patches of retinal pigment epithelium with signs of vitritis, which made us suspect the intraocular lymphoma. Endocranial magnetic resonance imaging established tumorous infiltration in the region of the left hemisphere of the cerebellum. The histopathological finding confirmed the diagnosis of large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma of risk moderate degree, immunoblast - centroblast cytological type. The other patient had clinical chronic uveitis accompanied by yellowish shaped white echographic changes of the retina and localized changes in the level of the subretina. The diagnosis of lymphoma was made by brain biopsy. Conclusion. Uveitis masquerade syndrome should be considered in all patients over 40 years with idiopathic steroid-resistant uveitis. Treatment begun on time can affect the course and improve the prognosis of uveitis masquerade syndrome (UMS and systemic disease.

  20. Genetically Modified T-cell Infusion Following Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Recurrent or High-Risk Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-26

    Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  1. Ptosis as an Initial Manifestation of Orbital Lymphoma: A Case Report

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    Min-Wen Hsu

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Ptosis on its own is an infrequent initial manifestation of orbital lymphoma. Orbital lymphoma usually presents as a palpable mass with proptosis, diplopia, and conjunctival (“salmon-pink” swelling. We report here a 62-year-old female patient who presented with right eye ptosis. The initial imaging study showed an indistinct enlargement of the superior rectus-levator muscle complex. After 3-4 months, ptosis and upward gazing movement were further restricted. The imaging study revealed a definite soft-tissue mass in the superior orbit surrounding the superior rectus-levator muscle complex. A tumor biopsy through anterior orbitotomy revealed a large diffuse B-cell lymphoma. With the experience of this case, we suggest that orbital lymphoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of ptosis accompanied by impairment of levator muscle function.

  2. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the lacrimal gland--a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asproudis, Ioannis; Gorezis, Spiridon; Charonis, Georgios C; Tolis, Christos; Tsanou, Elena; Elena, Tsanou; Agnantis, Niki J

    2005-01-01

    MALT lymphoma of the ocular adnexa, an indolent B-cell lymphoma, rarely affects the lacrimal gland. The case of a 73-year-old man with ptosis and edema of the left upper eyelid, due to lacrimal gland swelling, is presented. Clinical evaluation and imaging examination led to excision biopsy. The mass histopathology, presenting organized lymphoid tissue, composed mainly of small B-cells, accompanied by immunophenotypic characteristics, was compatible with MALT lymphoma. Treatment with monoclonal antibody against CD-20 achieved a successful long-term disease control (4 years). The diagnostic approach is described and the pathological features and clinical signs of this rare entity are discussed, based on recent literature. The indolent clinical course of this lymphoma, either remaining localized or disseminating to other mucosal sites, is a distinct characteristic affecting prognosis.

  3. Diagnostics and treatment of pulmonary BALT lymphoma: a report on four cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Váróczy, L; Gergely, L; Illés, A

    2003-06-01

    Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) is a lymphoid aggregate located in the submucosal area of bronchioles and plays a central role in airway mucosal immunity by inducing the accumulation of secretory IgA-producing cells. Long-lasting antigen stimuli promote the hyperplasia of BALT, which may develop into pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoma (baltoma). Most pulmonary lymphomas are low-grade B-cell lymphomas. We have recently treated four patients with BALT lymphoma and this is our first report on their diagnostics and treatment. Based on these cases we wanted to demonstrate the difficulties of differential diagnosis during bronchoscopic and computed tomography (CT) examinations as well as the pitfalls of thoracosurgical vs hemato-oncological treatments.

  4. [Primary presentation of non-hodgkin lymphoma. Report of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirpuri-Mirpuri, P G; Alvarez-Cordovés, M M; Pérez-Monje, A

    2013-09-01

    Lymphomas are the most common non-epithelial tumors of the head and neck and its incidence has increased in recent decades. Around 10% are extranodal lymphomas, and in more than half of the cases are located in Waldeyer's lymphatic ring. The most common presenting symptoms are odynophagia and dysphagia (68%), and symptoms suggestive of oropharyngeal cancer such as cough, hoarseness, earache, feeling of occupation in the back of the mouth, throat or neck. In non-Hodgkin lymphomas in this location, B symptoms (weight loss, fever and sweating) are rare (5%). The histological subtype of each individual lymphoma affects the evaluation, therapy and prognosis. Copyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Médicos de Atención Primaria (SEMERGEN). Publicado por Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  5. B-cell lymphomas involving Waldeyer's ring characterized by distinctive clinical and histopathological features: a comparison of pediatric to adult patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lei; Al-Kzayer, Lika'a Fasih Y; Liu, Yi; Liu, Tingting

    2017-02-14

    B-cell lymphomas involving Waldeyer's ring (WR) comprise heterogeneous histolopathological subtypes with a wide age range and distinctive clinical features. However, the comparison between pediatric and adult patients is scarce and limited in the literature. Thirty-three cases of B-cell lymphomas involving WR, were collected and evaluated by histolopathological, immunohistochemical and FISH analyses. The 33 cases were categorized into children and adolescents referred as pediatric group (n = 12), aged (3-19) years and the adult group (n = 21), aged (20-84) years. The pediatric group included Burkitt lymphoma (BL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and MUM1-positive-lymphoma in 7, 3 and 2 cases, respectively. While the adult cases comprised of DLBCL, follicular lymphoma, and mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma in 18, 2 and 1 case, respectively. Male gender was predominant in both groups with 3 folds frequency in the pediatric cases compared to 2 folds in the adults counterpart. Pediatric cases showed a significantly higher frequency of stage I disease (P = 0.019), germinal center B-cell (GCB) phenotype (P = 0.011), CD10-positive expression (P = 0.003), and MYC breaks (P = 0.029) compared to adults. However, MUM1 positive expression was less frequently detected in pediatric patients than adults (P = 0.082). BCL2 rearrangement was undetectable in both pediatric and adult groups. On the other hand, adult group had the significantly higher proportion of DLBCL (P adult age groups.

  6. Application value of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosing central nervous system lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shanhua; Li, Hongjun; Zhu, Rongguang; Zhang, Mingming

    2016-01-01

    To describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of central nervous system lymphoma. We retrospectively reviewed MRI images of 40 patients who had pathologically proven primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and received treatment in Binzhou People's Hospital, Shandong, China from January to December in 2014. Location, size and form of tumor was observed and relevant data were recorded for analysis. Foci of 40 cases of PCNSL all located in brain, among which. 18 cases were single (45.0%) and 22 cases were multiple (55.5%). Of 96 Foci, 84 were supratentorial, 12 were subtentorial. Enhanced MRI scanning showed that, most Foci had significant homogenous enhancement, shaping as multiple nodular or lumpy, and few had ring-enhancement. MRI suggested that, T1 signal of most Foci concentrated on low signal segment and T2 signal gathered on high signal segment, suggesting a significant homogeneous enhancement; moreover, mild and medium edema surrounded the tumor. They were pathologically confirmed as B cell derived non-hodgkin lymphoma. Except one case of Burkitt lymphoma, the others were all diffuse large B cell lymphoma which was observed with diffuse distribution of cancer cells (little cytoplasm, large nucleus, rough perichromatin granule) in same size. Fifteen cases were observed with sleeve-like infiltration of cancer cells around blood vessels. No case was found with hemorrhage, necrosis or calcification. Pathological foundation of PCNSL determines its characteristic MRI performance. Typical case of PCNSL can be diagnosed accurately by MRI.

  7. Classic Hodgkin lymphoma in pelvis: A case report highlights diagnosis and treatment challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Fan; Min, Li; Ye, Yunxia; Tang, Bo; Zhou, Yong; Zhang, Wenli; Tu, Chongqi

    2017-09-01

    Classic Hodgkin lymphoma with pelvic involvement is a rare entity. Diagnosis and treatment for such an uncommon disease are challenging. Here we report a special case of classic Hodgkin lymphoma in pelvis. A 20-year-old woman was admitted to our department due to left hip symptoms. The patient reported a history of drenching night sweats, low-grade fever, pruritic rash on the body, and an almost 15% weight loss during the previous 3 months. Imaging studies revealed osteolytic destruction of the left hemi-pelvic with a huge soft-tissue mass. Open biopsy established the pathological diagnosis of classic Hodgkin lymphoma. Considering the B symptom, bulky disease, and high risk of pathological fracture of the patient, we performed limb-salvage surgery and 6 cycles ABVD chemotherapy with 2 cycles before surgery. Up to now, at the 3-year follow-up, there is no sign of disease relapse and metastasis. Besides, her limb function recovered well. Based on this case and literature we reviewed, diagnoses for primary bone Hodgkin lymphoma should be cautious. For the treatment, chemotherapy was the main treatment option. Classic Hodgkin lymphoma patients seldom received tumor resection surgery, but for the special bone classic Hodgkin lymphoma individual with a huge tumor volume and high risk of pathological fracture in our study, limb-salvage surgery based on ABVD chemotherapy provided a satisfying clinical outcome.

  8. Breast schwannoma in a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a case report

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    Salihoglu Ayse

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Schwannomas are mostly benign tumors arising from Schwann cells of the nerve sheaths. Breast schwannomas are very rare and account for only 2.6% of cases. As far as we know this is the first reported case of breast schwannoma discovered in a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The breast schwannoma was evaluated with positron emission tomography and it exhibited moderate 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake. Case presentation We present the case of a breast schwannoma in a 63-year-old Caucasian woman who was diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Conclusion Imaging modalities including positron emission tomography-computed tomography failed to distinguish breast schwannoma from diffuse large B-cell lymphoma involvement of the breast.

  9. Obinutuzumab (GA101) compared to rituximab significantly enhances cell death and antibody-dependent cytotoxicity and improves overall survival against CD20(+) rituximab-sensitive/-resistant Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and precursor B-acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (pre-B-ALL): potential targeted therapy in patients with poor risk CD20(+) BL and pre-B-ALL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awasthi, Aradhana; Ayello, Janet; Van de Ven, Carmella; Elmacken, Mona; Sabulski, Anthony; Barth, Matthew J; Czuczman, Myron S; Islam, Humayun; Klein, Christian; Cairo, Mitchell S

    2015-12-01

    Obinutuzumab is a novel glycoengineered Type-II CD20 monoclonal antibody. CD20 is expressed in approximately 100% of children and adolescents with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and 40% with precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (pre-B-ALL). We evaluated the anti-tumour activity of obinutuzumab versus rituximab against rituximab-resistant (Raji 4RH) and -sensitive (Raji) BL and pre-B-ALL (U698-M) cells in vitro and in human BL or Pre-B-ALL xenografted mice. We demonstrated that obinutuzumab compared to rituximab significantly enhanced cell death against Raji 35·6 ± 3·1% vs. 25·1 ± 2·0%, (P = 0·001), Raji4RH 19·7 ± 2·2% vs. 7·9 ± 1·5% (P = 0·001) and U-698-M 47·3 ± 4·9% vs. 23·2 ± 0·5% (P = 0·001), respectively. Obinutuzumab versus rituximab also induced a significant increase in antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) with K562-IL15-41BBL expanded NK cells against Raji 73·8 ± 8·1% vs. 56·81 ± 4·6% (P = 0·001), Raji-4RH 40·0 ± 1·6% vs. 0·5 ± 1·1% (P = 0·001) and U-698-M 70·0 ± 1·6% vs. 45·5 ± 0·1% (P = 0·001), respectively. Overall survival in tumour xenografted mice receiving 30 mg/kg of obinutuzumab was significantly increased when compared to those receiving 30 mg/kg of rituximab in BL; Raji (P = 0·05), Raji4RH (P = 0·02) and U698-M (P = 0·03), respectively. These preclinical data suggest obinutuzumab is significantly superior to rituximab in inducing cell death, ADCC and against rituximab-sensitive/-resistant BL and pre-B-ALL xenografted mice. Taken together, these preclinical results provide evidence to suggest that future investigation of obinutuzumab is warranted in patients with relapsed/refractory CD20(+) BL and/or pre-B-ALL. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Salvia Hispanica Seed in Reducing Risk of Disease Recurrence in Patients With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-02-05

    Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma; Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma; B Lymphoblastic Leukemia/Lymphoma; Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm; Burkitt Leukemia; Central Nervous System Lymphoma; Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Enteropathy-Associated T-Cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma of Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue; Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Hepatosplenic T-Cell Lymphoma; Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma; Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Mycosis Fungoides; Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Primary Cutaneous Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Primary Effusion Lymphoma; Sezary Syndrome; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Subcutaneous Panniculitis-Like T-Cell Lymphoma; Systemic Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; T Lymphoblastic Leukemia/Lymphoma; Transformed Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

  11. Primary bladder lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell type: Case report and literature review of 26 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W Greg Simpson

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary lymphoma of the urinary bladder is exceedingly rare, representing 0.2% of all extranodal non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma. Although Matsuno et al. and others state the most common type is mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma, 20% of all the primary lymphomas of the urinary bladder are considered to be high grade neoplasms; the majority being diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. This is a case report of a 48-year-old man that presented with hematuria, frequency, nocturia, and flank pain that was found to have high grade DLBCL. Twenty-six other cases of both low and high grade primary bladder lymphomas were selected in order to provide a thorough comparison of different treatment modalities. Of the cases reviewed, bladder lymphoma was more common in females (2:1. The average age at diagnosis was 63.9 years old (low grade: 68.7 years old, high grade: 58.8 years old. The most common low-grade neoplasm was MALT lymphoma (85.7%. For the low-grade malignancies, the most successful treatments were simple therapies (2 transurethral resection of a bladder tumour [TURBT], 1 antibiotics, solitary chemotherapy, and combination TURBT/chemo; all 3 of which achieved 100% clinical remission (CR in the cases reviewed. The most common high grade neoplasm was DLBCL (76.9%. The most successful therapies used to treat high grade lesions were solitary chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, duanorubacin, vincristine, prednisolone [CHOP] or ritoximab, CHOP [R-CHOP] and combination therapies (2 radiation/CHOP, 2 surgery/CHOP. In the agreement with the current literature, this review has shown that simple therapies (TURBT are equally as effective as aggressive treatments (chemotherapy, radiation and should therefore be used as first line treatment in low grade tumors. For high grade malignancies, chemotherapy (R-CHOP or CHOP alone or combination therapy (CHOP/surgery or CHOP/radiation is recommended.

  12. A Putative Case of Methotrexate-Related Lymphoma: Clinical Course and PET/CT Findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel C. Jankowitz

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Patients with autoimmune conditions develop lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs at a higher frequency than normal both in association with and independent of Methotrexate (MTX. We describe a case of MTX-associated lymphoma in a patient with psoriasis on long-standing MTX. The case is notable for the initial tumor burden, the dramatic disappearance of the PET-CT findings on discontinuation of MTX, and the subsequent early regrowth of disease. Our case report is illustrative of an MTX-related NHL in an autoimmune patient. Conclusion. Withdrawal of MTX in a patient with lymphoma is reasonable before initiating chemotherapy, but observation for early regrowth of disease is necessary.

  13. Extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the sinonasal cavities: A 22-case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombard, M; Michel, G; Rives, P; Moreau, A; Espitalier, F; Malard, O

    2015-11-01

    To determine presenting features, management and prognosis in extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the sinonasal tract. A retrospective study between 2004 and 2013 in the University Hospital Center of Nantes (France) recruited patients with lymphoma discovered by sinonasal involvement. Epidemiologic, diagnostic, clinical and prognostic criteria were analyzed, with survival studied on the Kaplan-Meier estimator and Log-rank test. Twenty-two patients were included: 14 male, 7 female, with a mean age of 65 years at diagnosis. All had non-Hodgkin lymphoma, with strong predominance of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (77%). Seven patients had risk factors for lymphoma (infection by HIV, EBV or chronic lymphocytic leukemia). A majority (68%) had advanced tumor at diagnosis (stage IV on the Ann Arbor classification). Most were located in the craniofacial bones (68%), mainly involving the maxillary or ethmoidal sinuses. The most frequent presenting symptoms were unilateral nasal obstruction, mucopurulent rhinorrhea, recurrent epistaxis or diplopia. Treatment consisted in chemotherapy, in some cases associated to radiotherapy. Overall survival was 82% at 12 months and 73% at 36 months. Recurrence-free survival was 76% at 12 months and 64% at 36 months. Lymphoma is an aggressive pathology; revelation by sinonasal involvement is rare. Recommended treatment is chemotherapy, possibly associated to radiotherapy. Prognosis depends on histologic type, Ann Arbor stage at diagnosis and the therapeutic options available for the individual patient. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  14. Targetable subsets of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Malawi define therapeutic opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Elizabeth A; Sweeney, M Patrick; Tomoka, Tamiwe; Kopp, Nadja; Gusenleitner, Daniel; Redd, Robert A; Carey, Christopher D; Masamba, Leo; Kamiza, Steve; Pinkus, Geraldine S; Neuberg, Donna S; Rodig, Scott J; Milner, Danny A; Weinstock, David M

    2016-11-29

    Diagnostics and supportive care for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in lower- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are lacking. We hypothesized that high-throughput transcription-based diagnostics could classify NHL specimens from Malawi amenable to targeted therapeutics. We established tissue microarrays and classified 328 cases diagnosed by hematoxylin and eosin as NHL at University of Malawi College of Medicine using immunohistochemistry (IHC) for conventional markers and therapeutic targets. A subset was analyzed using NanoString-based expression profiling with parsimonious transcriptional classifiers. Overall, 72% of lymphomas were high-grade B-cell tumors, subsets of which were enriched for expression of MYC, BCL2, and/or PD-L1. A 21-gene transcriptional classifier, previously validated in Western cohorts, divided 96% of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) with 100% of B-cell lymphomas, unclassifiable, into 1 cluster and 88% of Burkitt lymphomas into a separate cluster. Cell-of-origin categorization of 36 DLBCLs by NanoString lymphoma subtyping test (LST) revealed 69% concordance with IHC. All discordant cases were classified as germinal center B cell-like (GCB) by LST but non-GCB by IHC. In summary, utilization of advanced diagnostics facilitates objective assessment and segregation of biologically defined subsets of NHL from an LMIC without expert review, thereby establishing a basis for the implementation of effective and less toxic targeted agents.

  15. Primary Calcified T-Cell Lymphoma of the Urinary Bladder: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jun Ho; Shin, Sang Soo; Lim, Hyo Soon; Kang, Heoung Keun

    2003-01-01

    Primary malignant lymphoma of the urinary bladder is extremely rare, and to our knowledge, no case described in the radiologic literature has been accompanied by calcification. We report a case in which the condition was associated with calcification, and describe the pelvic CT and MR imaging findings. PMID:14726643

  16. Clonal relation in a case of CLL, ALCL, and Hodgkin composite lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Berg, Anke; Maggio, Ewerton; Rust, R; Kooistra, K; Diepstra, A; Poppema, S

    2002-01-01

    Large cell lymphomas and Hodgkin disease may develop during the course of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). In some cases the transformed cells are Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive and not clonally related to the CLL cells. In other cases the transformed cells have the same clonal rearrangements

  17. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the urinary bladder with synchronous rectum invasion: A rare case report

    OpenAIRE

    AKTIMUR, Sude Hatun; ALAYVAZ ASLAN, Nevin; ONEM, Soner; BUYUKKAYA, Piltan; CETIN, Hasan; OZDEN, Ender; ATAY, Memis Hilmi

    2016-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) are a heterogeneous group of malignant neoplasms appeared in the lymphocyte cell lines, accounting for approximately 25-30% of lymphoma cases. The occurrence of primary urinary bladder or rectal lymphomas synchronously is uncommon, also first presenting sign of disseminated disease in bladder or rectum are considerably rare. Here, we report the first case of extensive DLBCL in bladder and rectum synchronously mimicking primary urinary bladder lymphoma i...

  18. Primary Extranodal Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma of the Prostate: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel E. Ezekwudo

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the prostate in a 54-year-old Caucasian male who presented with urinary retention and benign prostatic hyperplasia. We discuss the rare presentation of this disease and its clinicopathologic features and review the literature for up-to-date information on the diagnosis and clinical management. Despite the low incidence of lymphoma involving the prostate gland, it should always be considered as part of the differential diagnosis in cases of prostate gland enlargement with urinary tract obstructive symptoms resistant to medical therapy. Treatment modalities for this rare disease are also discussed.

  19. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Chile: a review of 207 consecutive adult cases by a panel of five expert hematopathologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabrera, Maria Elena; Martinez, Virginia; Nathwani, Bharat N; Muller-Hermelink, H Konrad; Diebold, Jacques; Maclennan, Kenneth A; Armitage, James; Weisenburger, Dennis D

    2012-07-01

    The distribution of subtypes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in Latin America is not well known. This Chilean study included 207 consecutive cases of NHL diagnosed at five cancer centers in the capital, Santiago, and one center in Viña del Mar. All cases were reviewed and classified independently by five expert hematopathologists according to the 2001 World Health Organization classification of NHL. A consensus diagnosis of NHL was reached in 195 of the 207 cases (94%). B-cell lymphomas constituted 88% of NHL, and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL, 38.5%) and follicular lymphoma (25.1%) were the most common subtypes. There was a high frequency of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (10.3%), as well as of extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (2.6%) and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (0.5%). Extranodal presentation was seen in 74 of the 195 cases (38%) and the most common extranodal presentation was in the stomach (37.6%). The most common gastric lymphoma was DLBCL (54.5%) followed by mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma (41%). Overall, the frequency of NHL subtypes in Chile is between that reported in Western and Eastern countries, which is probably a reflection of the admixture of ethnicities as well as the environment and socioeconomic status of its population.

  20. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtype distribution, geodemographic patterns, and survival in the US: A longitudinal analysis of the National Cancer Data Base from 1998 to 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Hamadani, Mohammed; Habermann, Thomas M; Cerhan, James R; Macon, William R; Maurer, Matthew J; Go, Ronald S

    2015-09-01

    The World Health Organization classification of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) was introduced in 2001. However, its incorporation into clinical practice is not well-described. We studied the distribution of NHL subtypes in adults diagnosed from 1998 to 2011, evaluated time trends, geo-demographic correlates, and changes in 5-year overall survival (OS). We obtained data prospectively collected by the National Cancer Data Base, which covers 70% of US cancer cases. There were 596,476 patients diagnosed with NHL. The major subtypes were diffuse large B-cell (32.5%), chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL; 18.6%), follicular (17.1%), marginal zone (8.3%), mantle cell (4.1%), peripheral T-cell not-otherwise-specified (1.7%), Burkitt (1.6%), hairy cell (1.1%), lymphoplasmacytic (1.1%), and NHL not-otherwise-specified (10.8%). Over the study period, the proportion of NHL not-otherwise-specified declined by half, while marginal zone lymphoma doubled. The distribution of major and rare NHL subtypes varied according to demographics but less so geographically or by type of treatment facility. We noted several novel findings among Hispanics (lower proportion of CLL/SLL, but higher Burkitt lymphoma and nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma), Asians (higher enteropathy-associated T-cell and angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphomas), Blacks (higher hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma), and Native Americans (similar proportions of CLL/SLL and nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma as Asians). With the exception of peripheral T-cell not-otherwise-specified and hairy cell leukemia, 5-year OS has improved for all the major NHL subtypes. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. A rare case of signet ring cell lymphoma: Diagnosis aided by immunofluorescent staining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charusheela R Gore

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Signet ring cell lymphomas are the proliferations of malignant lymphoid cells containing cytoplasmic vacuoles or globules which displace the nuclei, imparting it a signet ring appearance. This rare tumor is a variant of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Signet ring appearance is due to cytoplasmic accumulation of immunoglobulin or vacuoles derived from multivesicular bodies. These cells, particularly with cytoplasmic vacuoles, may be mistaken for adenocarcinoma cells. We are presenting one such case where immunofluorescence helped us to demonstrate the immunoglobulins on fine needle aspiration smears. This is an innovative technique and has not been reported earlier. Our aim of presenting this case is to review the awareness of this rare lymphoma among pathologists to give due consideration for avoiding inappropriate investigations and treatment.

  2. Hodgkin's lymphoma presenting with markedly elevated IgE: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellis Anne K

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Markedly elevated IgE as a manifestation of a lymphoproliferative disorder has been only rarely reported. Case Presentation We present the case of a 22 year old female referred to the adult Allergy & Clinical Immunology clinic for an extremely elevated IgE level, eventually diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma. She had no history of atopy, recurrent infections, eczema or periodontal disease; stool was negative for ova & parasites. Chest X-ray revealed large bilateral anterior mediastinal masses that demonstrated prominent uptake on gallium scan. Mediastinal lymph node biopsy was consistent with Hodgkin's lymphoma, nodular sclerosing subtype, grade I/II. Conclusion Although uncommon, markedly elevated IgE may be a manifestation of a malignant process, most notably both Hodgkin's and Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. This diagnosis should be considered in evaluating an otherwise unexplained elevation of IgE.

  3. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the trachea: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elisa Ruffolo Magliari

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphomas are most commonly found in the stomach, lungs, orbital soft tissue, salivary glands and thyroid. Involvement of the trachea is extremely rare. CASE REPORT: This report describes a rare case of MALT lymphoma of the trachea in a 71-year-old woman who presented with a one-year history of coughing, dyspnea, hoarseness and weight loss. There was an infiltrative lesion in the mid-trachea. The anatomopathological diagnosis was only made from the fifth endoscopic biopsy attempt. Immunochemotherapy consisting of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine and prednisone (R-COP induced complete remission of the symptoms and endoscopic lesion. CONCLUSIONS: MALT lymphoma of the trachea is extremely rare and indolent disease. It has to be considered in the differential diagnosis of airway lesions. It is crucial to obtain an anatomopathological diagnosis from a specialized pathologist. Immunochemotherapy with R-COP induced complete remission of the disease.

  4. Classical Hodgkin lymphoma masquerading as chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Michael; Ressler, Steven; Rosenthal, Allison; Kelemen, Katalin

    2017-02-18

    Hodgkin lymphoma is a hematologic malignancy usually confined to lymphatic structures and commonly associated with constitutional symptoms. Bony involvement and musculoskeletal symptoms are uncommon and typically seen in advanced disease. In this case, we report an unusual presentation of classical Hodgkin lymphoma and highlight diagnostic challenges leading to the misdiagnosis and treatment as chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis. A 38-year-old white man presented with lower extremity musculoskeletal pain. Imaging studies revealed multifocal lytic and sclerotic osseous axial lesions. Multiple core needle bone marrow and excisional lymph node biopsies were non-diagnostic. Having met the criteria, a tentative diagnosis of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis was given. He was treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications with partial clinical response but had persistent symptoms. A second medical opinion was pursued. An open bone marrow biopsy was performed and yielded a diagnosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma after 13 months of diagnostic uncertainty. A chemotherapy regimen of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine was instituted with complete symptomatic and radiologic response. This case illustrates diagnostic difficulties of a musculoskeletal presentation of Hodgkin lymphoma, challenges of non-diagnostic bone marrow and lymph node biopsies, and resultant diagnostic delays in delivering a potentially curative therapy. Had the additional open bone marrow biopsy not been performed, the diagnosis and treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma would have been missed.

  5. Breast lymphoma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    outside the breast. Histological diagnoses of the so-called primary breast lymphomas included 1 case of Hodgkin's disease and 6 of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (inclUding 2 with T-cell phenotypes). ... adequate specimens; (iI) mammary tissue and lymphomatous infiltrate ... All the patients were female. Their ages ranged from ...

  6. Plasma Epstein Barr virus (EBV) DNA as a biomarker for EBV associated Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinand, Veronique; Sachdeva, Anupam; Datta, Sanghamitra; Bhalla, Sunita; Kalra, Manas; Wattal, Chand; Radhakrishnan, Nita

    2015-08-01

    To assess plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA as a biomarker of tumour burden at diagnosis and during therapy in children with Hodgkin lymphoma. Case-control study, with prospective follow-up of the Hodgkin lymphoma cohort (2007-2012). Pediatric Hematology Oncology unit of a tertiary care hospital in Delhi. Thirty children with Hodgkin lymphoma and 70 sex and age-matched controls (benign lymphadenopathy 19, non-lym-phoid malignancy 29, Burkitt lymphoma 5, healthy children 17). Positive EBV-staining on immunohistochemistry was defined as EBV-associated Hodgkin lymphoma. Plasma EBV real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was tested at presentation, after first and last chemotherapy cycles, and on follow-up. Plasma EBV quantitative PCR was compared between cases and controls. Its kinetics was assessed during and after chemotherapy. EBV quantitative PCR was positive in 19 (63%) Hodgkin lymphoma cases (range 500 to 430,000 copies/mL), with 87.5% accuracy (kappa=0.69) as compared with EBV immunohistochemistry. Sensitivity and specificity of the quantitative PCR were 87.5% and 81.8%, respectively. Only boys showed positive EBV immunohistochemistry and,or quantitative PCR positivity. All controls were quantitative PCR negative. All quantitative PCR positive cases with follow up blood sample showed EBV clearance after the first cycle. A quantitative PCR negative case in long-term remission became positive at relapse. EBV status did not influence survival. Plasma EBV-DNA, detectable in EBV-associated Hodgkin lymphoma, becomes undetectable early after initiating therapy. It can be used as a biomarker of treatment response in EBV-associated Hodgkin lymphoma.

  7. Lymphoma and lymphoid leukemia incidence in Florida children: ethnic and racial distribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, J D; Fleming, L E; MacKinnon, J; Voti, L; Wohler-Torres, B; Peace, S; Trapido, E

    2001-04-01

    Incidence reports for pediatric lymphoma and lymphoid leukemia in Hispanic subpopulations in the United States are rare. The authors hypothesized that Florida's Hispanic children would have higher risks of lymphoma and lymphoid leukemia compared with non-Hispanic white children. All cases of lymphoid leukemia, Hodgkin, non-Hodgkin, and Burkitt lymphoma (SEER International Classification of Diseases for Oncology codes) in children (leukemia were identified during the study period. For children with lymphoma, the SRR for Hispanics was 1.32 (95% CI, 1.20-1.44), and for blacks, the SRR was 0.68 (95% CI, 0.63-0.72. For lymphoid leukemia, the SRR for Hispanics was 1.29 (95% CI, 1.28-1.30), and for blacks, the SRR was 0.55 (95% CI, 0.54-0.56). Similar rates were found for the Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin subgroups. Incidences of Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma were significantly higher in Florida's Hispanic children, with 30% increased relative risks, compared with whites. Black children had significantly decreased incidences and risk. Results for lymphoid leukemia were similar. Incidence of lymphoma in Florida's Hispanic children (primarily Cuban and Central American origin) differed from similar reports from Texas and California, where Hispanics are primarily of Mexican origin. Copyright 2001 American Cancer Society.

  8. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the developing world: review of 4539 cases from the International Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Classification Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Anamarija M; Diebold, Jacques; Nathwani, Bharat N; MacLennan, Kenneth A; Müller-Hermelink, Hans K; Bast, Martin; Boilesen, Eugene; Armitage, James O; Weisenburger, Dennis D

    2016-10-01

    The distribution of non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes varies around the world, but a large systematic comparative study has never been done. In this study, we evaluated the clinical features and relative frequencies of non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes in five developing regions of the world and compared the findings to the developed world. Five expert hematopathologists classified 4848 consecutive cases of lymphoma from 26 centers in 24 countries using the World Health Organization classification, and 4539 (93.6%) were confirmed to be non-Hodgkin lymphoma, with a significantly greater number of males than females in the developing regions compared to the developed world (Pleukemia/lymphoma (1.1% and 2.9%, respectively) and extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (2.2%) were also significantly increased in the developing regions. These findings suggest that differences in etiologic and host risk factors are likely responsible, and more detailed epidemiological studies are needed to better understand these differences. Copyright© Ferrata Storti Foundation.

  9. Primary Malignant Lymphoma of the Trigeminal Nerve: Case Report and Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogiwara, Toshihiro; Horiuchi, Tetsuyoshi; Sekiguchi, Nodoka; Kakizawa, Yukinari; Hongo, Kazuhiro

    2015-08-01

    Primary lymphomas of the cranial nerves are extremely rare except for optic nerve lymphoma, and it is difficult to make a correct diagnosis in the initial stage. Here, we report a case of primary malignant lymphoma of the left trigeminal nerve that presented as trigeminal nerve disorder. A 47-year-old man presented with aggravating left facial pain and hypesthesia within all three divisions of the trigeminal nerve. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a swollen left trigeminal nerve with gadolinium homogenous enhancement. An open biopsy had to be taken from two different locations of the tumor via the lateral suboccipital approach followed by subtemporal approach because adequate specimen volume was not obtained for definitive diagnosis at the first surgery. Histopathological examinations with flow cytometric analysis revealed diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Chemotherapy followed by whole-brain radiation therapy was effective. No recurrence was observed during a 15-month follow-up period. This is a rare clinical presentation of malignant lymphoma of the trigeminal nerve. It is difficult to establish a correct diagnosis of trigeminal nerve lesions during the initial stages without biopsy. Therefore it is important that a sufficient specimen should be taken for biopsy without hesitation in order to diagnose and treat rapidly. The most suitable operative approach must be selected in trigeminal nerve lesions considering functional preservation, operative difficulty, preference of each surgeon, and quantity of specimen to be removed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Imaging of Burkitt′s lymphoma-abdominal manifestations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanuman Satishchandra

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Burkitt′s lymphoma is an uncommon form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adults. The diagnostic workup for Burkitt′s lymphoma includes radiological imaging and like any other form of non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma definitive diagnosis is by histopathology. Imaging is necessary to determine the distribution and severity in terms of extent and organs of involvement to further assist in staging and thence to implement appropriate therapy. High incidence of intraabdominal involvement is seen in American Burkitt lymphoma.

  11. A rare case of orbital hodgkin lymphoma demonstrating therapeutic response to a novel systemic medication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wajda, Brynn N; Rabinowitz, Michael P

    2017-02-01

    Orbital Hodgkin lymphoma is infrequent, representing less than 1% of adult orbital malignancies. It is typically seen in the setting of terminally advanced systemic disease. This case highlights orbital, head, and neck disease in a systemically stable individual treated with the novel anti-CD30 monoclonal antibody brentuximab vedotin.

  12. [Non-Hodgkin's primary intestinal lymphoma - a cause of acute abdominal manifestation in children].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brankov, O; Dumanov, K; Stoilov, S; Doĭnova, P; Drebov, R; Khristozova, I

    2007-01-01

    Lymphomas of the gastrointestinal tract are the most common type of primary extranodal lymphomas, accounting for 5 to 10% of all non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL). From January 1996 to November 2005, 10 patients with primary intestinal lymphomas were submitted with clinical signs of acute abdomen to the Pediatric surgical department in Sofia. The children presented with radiologically proven intussusception, ileal obstruction or peritonitis due to bowel perforation. At exploration the tumor was located in the ileum in 4 cases, in the terminal ileum and coecum in 3 cases, appendix in one and multiple sites were found in 2 cases. Children with localized disease underwent radical resection of the tumor mass with ileo - transverso anastomosis (3), partial bowel resection (4), and appendectomy (1) whereas in 2 children with advanced disease diagnostic biopsy alone with temporary ileostomy in one were accomplished. According to histology, 5 patients had Burkitt lymphoma and 5 lymphoblast NHL. The children were treated according CHOP. Over five - years relapse - free survival for localized disease accounts 6 children. Primary NHL in children often presents with acute abdominal condition requiring surgical exploration. Prognosis depends of adequacy of surgical resection and the adjuvant chemotherapy.

  13. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis associated with hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor Ribeiro Paes

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL is a rare non-Hodgkin lymphoma, marked by liver, spleen, and bone marrow sinusoidal infiltration, with an aggressive clinical course, which represents a difficult diagnostic task for clinicians and pathologists. Another equally severe and challenging condition is the hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (also called hemophagocytic syndrome [HS], which is often associated with hematologic malignancies and infectious diseases. The authors report the case of a 56-year-old woman diagnosed with HSTCL based on bone marrow aspirate flow cytometry and skin biopsy. The patient underwent a cycle of chemotherapy but the outcome was unfavorable with multiple organ failure. The laboratory analysis was consistent with HS. The autopsy confirmed both the remaining lymphoma in the pulmonary vessels and the hemophagocytic cells in the spleen and bone marrow.

  14. Tissue is the issue-sarcoidosis following ABVD chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subbiah Vivek

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Thirty two year old Caucasian female presented 2 months post partum with fevers, cough and shortness of breath. CT scan of the chest to rule out pulmonary embolism revealed mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Biopsy of the nodes revealed classic Hodgkin's lymphoma and she received ABVD chemotherapy. She was in remission as confirmed by a PET/CT scan. Five months later she had another PET/CT scan which showed areas of hypermetabolism indicating a possible relapse. Biopsy revealed sarcoidosis. She received steroids and 18 months later remained in clinical remission. This rare case of sarcoid following classic Hodgkin's lymphoma illustrates that clinical presentation, physical exam, lab investigations and even PET/CT scans may not be able to discriminate between Hodgkin's lymphoma and sarcoidosis. Tissue biopsy and pathological diagnosis remain the gold standard.

  15. A Case of Prostatic Abscess with Malignant Lymphoma Involving the Prostate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wataru Noguchi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Here, we report a case of prostatic abscess probably due to malignant lymphoma of the prostate. An 82-year-old man was referred to our hospital with chief complaints of urinary frequency and discomfort on urination. Antibiotics were prescribed, but the symptoms remained and intermittent fever appeared. The patient was diagnosed with prostatic abscess by computed tomography (CT. Digital rectal examination (DRE revealed soft prostate, and thick pus was milked out from the extrameatus by prostatic massage. For drainage, we performed transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP. Drainage by TURP was successful as CT clearly showed reduction of prostatic abscess after the operation. Nevertheless, intermittent fever did not improve and the patient’s general condition deteriorated. The day before the patient died, histopathological analysis showed prostatic abscess probably due to malignant lymphoma of the prostate and incidental adenocarcinoma. This is the first report of prostatic abscess with malignant lymphoma involving the prostate.

  16. Lymphoma Presenting as Cancer of the Glans Penis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantinos Stamatiou

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Penile lymphoma is a very rare neoplasm. We report the case of an 82-year-old man who presented with phimosis. The patient also complained of frequent and painful urination. Upon examination a painless penile ulcer and multiple enlarged inguinal lymph nodes were found. The shaft of the penis and the prostate were hard on palpation. Abdominal and transrectal ultrasound examination confirmed the involvement of the penis shaft and the prostate and also revealed involvement of the urinary bladder. Biopsy showed diffuse, large B-cell lymphoma. The patient was treated with systemic chemotherapy with full remission of the disease. We review the literature relevant to penile lymphoma and discuss this uncommon condition.

  17. Development of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma after treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a case report and review of literature

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Yaya; Xie, Bailu; Chen, Yu; Huang, Zhenqian; Tan, Huo

    2014-01-01

    Cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) arising after the initial diagnosis of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and DLBCL synchronous with AITL have been reported. To date, there is no report on the subsequent development of AITL in patients with DLBCL. Here we presented a rare case of AITL developing six months after the initial diagnosis of DLBCL. In order to investigate the clinical and molecular features of patients with AITL and DLBCL, we also reviewed the literature on A...

  18. Primary bony non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the cervical spine: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sedrak Mark F

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Non-Hodgkin lymphoma primarily originating from the bone is exceedingly rare. To our knowledge, this is the first report of primary bone lymphoma presenting with progressive cord compression from an origin in the cervical spine. Herein, we discuss the unusual location in this case, the presenting symptoms, and the management of this disease. Case presentation We report on a 23-year-old Caucasian-American man who presented with two months of night sweats, fatigue, parasthesias, and progressive weakness that had progressed to near quadriplegia. Magnetic resonance (MR imaging demonstrated significant cord compression seen primarily at C7. Surgical management, with corpectomy and dorsal segmental fusion, in combination with adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy, halted the progression of the primary disease and preserved neurological function. Histological analysis demonstrated an aggressive anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Conclusion Isolated primary bony lymphoma of the spine is exceedingly rare. As in our case, the initial symptoms may be the result of progressive cervical cord compression. Anterior corpectomy with posterolateral decompression and fusion succeeded in preventing progressive neurologic decline and maintaining quality of life. The reader should be aware of the unique presentation of this disease and that surgical management is a successful treatment strategy.

  19. Proof for EBV's Sustaining Role in Burkitt's Lymphomas

    OpenAIRE

    Vereide, David; Sugden, Bill

    2009-01-01

    We have found that not all Epstein-Barr viral (EBV) plasmids are duplicated each cell cycle. This inefficiency is intrinsic to EBV's mechanism of DNA synthesis in latently infected cells and necessarily leads to a loss of EBV plasmids from proliferating cells. If EBV provides its host cells advantages that allow those cells that retain EBV to outgrow those that lose it, then such proliferating populations will be EBV-positive. EBV-associated human tumors are EBV-positive. Thus the presence of...

  20. The evolving management of Burkitt's lymphoma at Red Cross ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Upon diagnosis, staging for each patient involved bilateral bone marrow ... mandatory, and CT scans of the head, chest or abdomen were obtained ... abdominal disease, including pain, distension and vomiting. .... cyclophosphamide.8 Further evaluation showed that this endemic .... N Engl J Med 1983; 308: 559-565. 6.

  1. CD7 Positive Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Arising in a Background of Follicular Lymphoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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    Elham Vali Betts

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL is a neoplasm of large B-lymphocytes with a diffuse growth pattern. The neoplastic cells express B-cell markers such as CD20 and PAX-5 and there may be coexpression of BCL-2, BCL-6, CD10, and MUM-1. With the exception of CD5, other T-cell markers are not commonly expressed in this neoplasm. Here, we describe the first reported case of a DLBCL with abnormal expression CD7 arising in a background of follicular lymphoma in an 81-year-old male who presented with a nontender left axillary mass. Additionally, no other T-cell antigens were expressed in this B-cell lymphoma. Expression of CD7 in DLBCL is exceptionally rare and its prognostic significance is unknown. Here, we describe this rare case with review of literature of known DLBCLs with expression of T-cell antigens.

  2. Primary Breast Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (MALT Lymphoma Transformation to Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şerife Hülya Arslan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL of the breast constitutes 0.04%-0.53% of all malignancies and 2.2% of extra nodal lymphomas. In total, 7%-8% of all B-cell lymphomas are the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT type, of which up to 50% of primary gastric MALT lymphoma. Herein we present a patient with breast MALT lymphoma that transformed to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. A 69-year-old female presented with a mass on her left breast. Physical examination showed a 3 × 3-cm mass located 1 cm from the areola on the upper lateral quadrant of the breast at the 1 o’clock position, which was fixed and firm. Excisional biopsy was performed and pathologic examination of the specimen showed MALT lymphoma transformation to DLBCL. The patient was staged as II-EA. The rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP protocol was scheduled as treatment. Following 6 courses of R-CHOP, 2 additional courses of rituximab were administered. Positron emission tomography (PET-CT was done at the end of the treatment. PET showed that the patient was in complete remission. At the time this report was written, the patient was being followed-up at the outpatient clinic on a regular basis. Lymphoma of the breast is a rarity among malignant tumors of the breast. The most common type of lymphoma is DLBCL. Breast MALT lymphoma is extremely rare. Primary MALT lymphoma of the breast can transform from low grade to high grade and recurrence is possible; therefore, such patients should be monitored carefully for transformation.

  3. MALT lymphoma and concurrent adenocarcinoma of the prostate: a rare case report and review of the literature.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung Julie Kang

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Primary MALT lymphoma of the prostate is a rare disease which characteristically follows an indolent course. It is believed that infection or chronic inflammation may be triggers for malignant transformation in the prostate, but it is of unknown etiology. Reports of MALT lymphomas of the prostate with other concurrent primary prostate cancers are even more limited. We present the unique case of a 67 year old male with concurrent adenocarcinoma of the prostate and primary MALT lymphoma of the prostate. The patient was treated with standard therapy for prostate adenocarcinoma, which also sufficiently would treat a primary MALT lymphoma. He has been disease-free for over one year for both his primary malignancies. This case confirms that MALT lymphoma can arise concurrently with adenocarcinoma of the prostate.

  4. Primary hepatic lymphoma in a patient with previous rectal adenocarcinoma: a case report and discussion of etiopathogenesis and diagnostic tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raimondo, Lucia; Ferrara, Idalucia; Stefano, Alfonso De; Cella, Chiara Alessandra; D'Armiento, Francesco Paolo; Ciancia, Giuseppe; Moretto, Roberto; Renzo, Amalia De; Carlomagno, Chiara

    2012-03-01

    Primary hepatic lymphoma is an extremely rare malignancy accounting for 0.016% of all cases of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Approximately 1-4% of histologies described show a follicular pattern. We report a case of primary hepatic non-Hodgkin lymphoma that developed in a middle-aged woman 3 years after radical treatment (neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery) for a rectal adenocarcinoma. Abdomen ultrasound showed a single nodule in the liver, which raised the issue of differential diagnosis with a metastasis from rectal cancer. After surgical removal of the nodule, histology revealed a primary B cell, stage IE follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma, confined to the liver; indeed, no foci of lymphoma were found elsewhere in the body.

  5. Hodgkin's Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... behavior. Your type determines your treatment options. Classical Hodgkin's lymphoma Classical Hodgkin's lymphoma is the more common type ... Hodgkin's lymphoma Lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin's lymphoma Lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin's lymphoma This much rarer type of Hodgkin's lymphoma involves ...

  6. Successful mucosal incision-assisted biopsy for the histological diagnosis of duodenal lymphoma: A case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    MORISHITA, ASAHIRO; MORI, HIROHITO; KOBARA, HIDEKI; NISHIYAMA, NORIKO; FUJIHARA, SHINTARO; YACHIDA, TATSUO; AYAKI, MAKI; MATSUNAGA, TAE; SAKAMOTO, TEPPEI; MAEDA, EMIKO; NOMURA, TAKAKO; TANI, JOJI; MIYOSHI, HISAAKI; YONEYAMA, HIROHITO; HIMOTO, TAKASHI; KAGAWA, SEIKO; HABA, REIJI; MASAKI, TSUTOMU

    2016-01-01

    Tissue sampling of primary duodenal lymphoma is essential for its histological diagnosis. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), which is frequently used for submucosal tumor (SMT)-like duodenal tumors, is adequate for cytological diagnosis, but not for histological diagnosis. Therefore, in the present study, a mucosal incision-assisted biopsy (MIAB) was performed in an 81-year-old woman for the diagnosis of an SMT-like duodenal mass, as tissue sampling for histological analysis using a regular endoscopic biopsy had failed to establish a definite diagnosis of malignant lymphoma. EUS-FNA had also led to poor tissue sampling due to the difficult location of the duodenal tumor. The pathological examination of biopsy samples using MIAB revealed the presence of a diffuse proliferation of atypical lymphocytes, and the expression of cluster of differentiation (CD)20 and CD79a, but no expression of CD3 in the tumor specimens. The patient was diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. To the best of knowledge, this is first report of a case using MIAB as a sampling method for the histological diagnosis of SMT-like primary duodenal lymphoma. This case suggests that MIAB may be an essential method for obtaining tissue samples from SMT-like duodenal tumors. PMID:26870243

  7. CD3 Positive Gastric Plasmablastic Lymphoma in A HIV Negative Patient: A Case Report

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    Betül Bolat Küçükzeybek,

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Plasmablastic lymphoma is a rare and aggressive lymphoma characterized by the diffuse proliferation of large neoplastic cells resembling immunoblasts with an immunophenotype of plasma cells. A 47-year-old male was referred to our hospital with gastrointestinal bleeding, and a mass 10 cm in diameter, was detected. An endoscopic biopsy was performed subsequently. Histopathological examination of the biopsy material revealed ulcer, alterations associated with ulcer, and further presented a diffuse infiltration of atypical cells with abundant cytoplasm and pleomorphic nuclei, some with crush artifacts in lamina propria. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were negative for cytokeratin, CD2, CD20, and PAX5; but they were positive for CD3, MUM1, CD38 and CD138. Ki67 proliferation index was as high as 95%. The case was signed out as CD3-positive plasmablastic lymphoma with clinical, histopathological and immunohisto-chemical findings. The plasmablastic lymphoma case with an aberrant CD3 expression has been presented here, which is rarely observed in stomach.

  8. Primary Thyroid Lymphoma Diagnosed During Pregnancy: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eda Demir Önal

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL during pregnancy is quite low. There have been a few anecdotal reports of NHL arising in the thyroid gland. Here, we present a 28-year-old female patient who developed a neck swelling, pain and respiratory distress in the 17th week of her first pregnancy. She was diagnosed as having an aggressive NHL of the thyroid gland after subtotal thyroidectomy. She had 4 cycles of chemotherapy before successful cesarean delivery of a healthy, full-term male infant at 39 weeks of gestation. Four additional courses of chemotherapy were administered, after which the patient did not show any signs of relapse. Turk Jem 2013; 17: 49-51

  9. Inhibition of the miR-155 target NIAM phenocopies the growth promoting effect of miR-155 in B-cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kluiver, Joost; Slezak-Prochazka, Izabella; de Jong, Debora; Smigielska, Katarzyna; Kortman, Gertrud; Winkle, Melanie; Rutgers, Bea; Koerts, Jasper; Visser, Lydia; Diepstra, Arjan; Kroesen, Bart-Jan; van den Berg, Anke

    2016-01-01

    Several studies have indicated an important role for miR-155 in the pathogenesis of B-cell lymphoma. Highly elevated levels of miR-155 were indeed observed in most B-cell lymphomas with the exception of Burkitt lymphoma (BL). However, the molecular mechanisms that underlie the oncogenic role of

  10. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma presenting as bilateral tonsillar hypertrophy: case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Khan, Sardar U

    2012-02-01

    We describe the case of a 57-year-old man who was referred to us with persistent sore throat, dysphagia, and enlarged tonsils. He had not responded to earlier treatment with antibiotic therapy and other routine measures. In view of the persistent nature of the patient\\'s symptoms and the tonsillar hypertrophy, we decided to perform a tonsillectomy and to send the excised specimens for pathologic analysis. Histologic evaluation identified non-Hodgkin lymphoma in both tonsils. The patient was treated with postoperative chemo- and radiotherapy, and he was free of symptoms during 18 months of follow-up. To the best of our knowledge, only 4 cases of bilateral non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the tonsils have been reported in the English-language literature. We also discuss the importance of histologic analysis of excised tonsil tissue in selected cases.

  11. A case of API2-MALT1-positive gastric MALT lymphoma with concomitant diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Akashi; Tajika, Masahiro; Tanaka, Tsutomu; Ishihara, Makoto; Hirayama, Yutaka; Mizuno, Nobumasa; Hara, Kazuo; Hijioka, Susumu; Imaoka, Hiroshi; Yoshida, Tsukasa; Okuno, Nozomi; Hieda, Nobuhiro; Hirayama, Takashi; Shibuya, Hitoshi; Kondo, Hisashi; Suzuki, Hirotaka; Toriyama, Kazuhiro; Yatabe, Yasushi; Yamao, Kenji; Niwa, Yasumasa

    2017-02-01

    API2-MALT1 translocation-positive gastric marginal zone lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is thought to transform to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) rarely. A 69-year-old man presented with epigastralgia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed multiple ulcerations in the stomach. Endoscopic biopsies revealed MALT lymphoma, with Helicobacter pylori infection. The patient underwent eradication therapy with no improvement, and was thereafter followed without additional therapy at his request. Twelve years after initial diagnosis, follow-up computed tomography (CT) showed multiple nodules in bilateral lungs, and a needle biopsy revealed MALT lymphoma, the same as in the stomach and API2-MALT1 translocation was found. Because he again refused additional therapy, follow-up was continued. 15 years after initial diagnosis, CT showed lymphadenopathy at the splenic hilum. At first we suspected disease progression of gastric MALT lymphoma, however a needle biopsy revealed DLBCL without API2-MALT1. Thus, the tumor at the splenic hilum was finally diagnosed as a de novo DLBCL as a second malignancy. Although treatment with rituximab given his age and his wishes was attempted, he died of DLBCL 15 years after the initial diagnosis. We experienced an API2-MALT1-positive gastric MALT lymphoma with concomitant DLBCL, not transformed to DLBCL over a 15-year clinical course.

  12. CASE REPORT: Esophageal and Gastric T-Cell Lymphoma: A Rare Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raja Shekhar R.Sappati Biyyani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Primary gastrointestinal T-cell lymphomas are extremely rare entity and are much less common than B-Cell lymphomas. Case History: A primary T-cell lymphoma was diagnosed in an octogenarian African American male with a history of diabetes mellitus type-II, remote history of prostate cancer, hypertension, obesity and hyperlipidemia. He had symptoms of dysphagia, early satiety, lossof appetite and loss of weight. He was Helicobacter pylori IgG antibody positive and on treatment. Result of first biopsy duringendoscopy showed only heavy lymphoid infiltrate. But, due to high suspicion of malignancy, a second upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and biopsy was performed .This biopsy from the large deep 3cm friable ulcer with nodular base was taken which showed atypical lymphoid cells positive for CD3 and CD7 and negative for CD5, CD4 , CD8 and CD56 . The combination of the histological, immunohistological stain results and the gene rearrangement results confirmed T cell lymphoma. The patient died after 5 months after5 cycles of chemotherapeutic agents of severe dehydration and complications from sepsis.

  13. A Case Report of Primary B–Cell Lymphoma of the Urinary Bladder

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    M. Abbasi

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Primary malignant lymphoma of the urinary bladder is very rare. Less than 100 cases have been reported. The best treatment approach for this disease remained unknown.In this article we reported a 41-year-old-female who was admitted to Sina hospital with the chief complaint of macrohematuria that was followed by dysuria , frequency , noturia and urgency. Other examinations were normal and there was no organomegaly and lymphadenopathy.In ultrasonography the thickening of trigone zone of the urinary bladder was reported. The patient underwent a transurethral biopsy of the bladder that revealed malignant lymphoma , intermediate grade , diffuse mixed small and large cell type ( B-cell lymphoma. The reports of computed tomography scan of the thorax , abdomen and pelvis and bonemarrow biopsy were normal and results of metastatic work up were negative.Primary lymphoma of the urinary bladder was diagnosed and a combination of systemic chemotherapy and relatively low dose irradiation were done for the patient. The patient is in complete remission with this kind of treatment now.

  14. Case Report of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma of Uterine Cervix Treated at a Semiurban Cancer Centre in North India

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    Vibhor Sharma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Lymphoma of the uterine cervix is very rare. We report a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL involving the uterine cervix treated at a newly commissioned semiurban cancer centre in north India in 2015. Data for this study was obtained from the hospital electronic medical records and the patient’s case file. We also reviewed published case reports of uterine and cervical lymphoma involving forty-one patients. We treated a case of stage IV DLBCL cervix with six cycles of R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone and intrathecal methotrexate followed by consolidation with radiotherapy. The patient showed complete response to chemotherapy. We conclude that, in advanced stage lymphoma involving uterus and cervix, combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is effective in short term.

  15. [Investigation of the nasal T/NK cell lymphomas in 14 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, D; Li, T; Yang, D

    2000-12-01

    To study the biologic behavior, pathologic features as well as clinic manifestations of the nasal T/NK cell lymphomas, and to provide experiences for the diagnosis and treatment of the tumor. Specimens of 23 cases lethal midline granulomas (LMG) were examined: (1) HE stain for immunohistochemical staining for TIA-1, CD43, CD20, CD3 epsilon, CD56 and in situ hybridization for EBV encoded small nuclear RNA(EBER1/2, Y017, DAK0). (2) The cases histories were reviewed. (1) 14 cases were confirmed by histological features. In the 14 cases, tumor cells expressed TIA-1, CD56, CD3 epsilon, CD43, EBER1/2 positive. (2) Among them 8 cases (57%) showed special clinic features of LMG, Nasopharynx, pharynx and laryngeal involvement were found in other 6 cases. One case revealed lymphoid leukemia. In other 2 cases, gastrointestinal tract were involved. Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) complication happened in 1 case. The tumor cells of nasal T/NK cell lymphomas expressed TIA-1, CD56, CD43, CD3 epsilon may suggest it originates from NK cell. The high association with EBV may suggest in situ hybridization. 57% patients showed that the special clinic features of the LMG, and gastrointestinal tract, bone marrow, peripheral blood were involved in some cases. One case complicated with hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS).

  16. Primary Cutaneous CD 30+ Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma. A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Serra Valdés

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Primary cutaneous CD 30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma is part of the spectrum of primary cutaneous CD30 + lymphoproliferative disorders, together with lymphomatoid papulosis. Its frequency is less than 0.5 x 100 000 inhabitants per year. It accounts for a very small proportion of non-Hodgkins lymphomas. The case of an 80-year-old female patient whose diagnosis was established in 2006 because of lesions on the face and neck is presented. The lesions continued to grow in an exaggerated fashion lately leading to deformity of her face. She was admitted due to neurological manifestations unrelated to the lesions. The presentation of this case is necessary because it requires performing differential diagnosis in clinical practice. Given its rarity, it is of interest to the medical community, especially trainees.

  17. Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. Report of a case in Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matilde Boada

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma belongs to the group of mature T-cell malignancies according to the WHO classification. It constitutes a rare entity and has a strong association with infection by human T-lymphotropic virus 1. In Uruguay, this viral infection is very infrequent and, to our knowledge, no case of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma has been previously reported. We describe the case of a woman, immigrant from Peru, who presented with persistent lymphocytosis, intestinal parasitic diseases, and skin involvement. The diagnosis was delayed and the patient died before initiating oncological treatment. We therefore emphasize the relevance of an early clinical suspicion and serology for this virus, especially in patients coming from endemic countries like Peru.

  18. Vorinostat With or Without Isotretinoin in Treating Young Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Solid Tumors, Lymphoma, or Leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-16

    Childhood Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (M3); Childhood Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor; Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma; Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia; Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Medulloblastoma; Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor; Recurrent Neuroblastoma; Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma; Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

  19. Lymphoma subtype incidence rates in children and adolescents: first report from Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Juliana Moreira de Oliveira; Klumb, Claudete Esteves; de Souza Reis, Rejane; de Oliveira Santos, Marceli; Oliveira, Julio Fernando Pinto; de Camargo, Beatriz; Pombo-de-Oliveira, Maria S

    2012-08-01

    Lymphoma is the third most common pediatric malignancy. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence rates of lymphoma in children and adolescents in Brazil. All cases of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), and Burkitt lymphoma (BL) were extracted from 14 population-based cancer registries (PBCRs) from 2000 to 2005, and included children and adolescents 0-19 years old. Analyses included age-adjusted incidence rates (AAIRs) and age-specific incidence rates (ASIRs) by each PBCR. A social exclusion index (SEI) was built and used as proxy for socioeconomic status (SES) levels. Correlations between SES and incidence rates were investigated using Spearman's test. The median incidence of lymphoma was 22.7/million. AAIRs of lymphomas varied from 12.9 (Salvador) to 34.5 per million (São Paulo). Median AAIR was 8.8/million, 9.8/million, and 2.9/million for NHL, HL, and BL, respectively. In all PBCRs except that of Recife, AAIR was slightly higher in males than females. The median ASIR was highest for HL (18.5/million) at 15-19 years for both genders. For NHL there were two peaks for ASIR: 11.1/million (1-4 years of age) and 13.2/million (15-19 years of age). The median ASIR for BL was highest among children aged 1-4 years (4.7/million) and in males. Higher SEI correlated with higher incidence of HL (P = 0.06), whereas rates of NHL and BL did not correlate with SEI. Borderline different incidence rates were observed in HL correlated with cities with higher SEIs. Incidence rates of lymphomas in Brazil do not differ compared to rates reported worldwide, although SES differences deserve further investigation. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. A case of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Găman, Amelia Maria; Dobrea, Camelia; Rotaru, Ionela

    2013-01-01

    Chronic myeloid leukemia is a clonal expansion of hematopoietic progenitor cells characterized by exaggerated proliferation of granulocytic lineage, with chronic phase, accelerated phase and blast crisis. Accelerated phase and blast crisis may be associated with extramedulary disease. Extramedullary transformation of CML can be determined both in nodal and extranodal sites. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is rare in chronic myeloid leukemia and may be misdiagnosed as an extramedullary lymphoid blast transformation; the majorities are T-cell lymphomas with an immature thymic phenotype, while peripheral B-cell lymphomas are rarer. We report the case of a 79-year-old woman carrier Ph+ chronic myeloid leukemia who developed at eight months of diagnosis an accelerated phase of CML associated simultaneous with a tumor of soft palate, which was initial considering an extramedullary disease. The patient was treated with specific chemotherapy for accelerated phase of CML (Cytosinarabinoside) + Anagrelide, and reversed to secondary chronic phase of CML, but soft palate tumor persists. The immunohistochemical findings of bone marrow trephine biopsy examination showed chronic phase of CML (negativity for immature cells such as CD34, Tdt) and the biopsy of soft palate tumor and immunohistochemical findings revealed a primitive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) with medium B-cells (CD20, CD79a positive) and excluding an extramedullary blast crisis (CD34 negative, Tdt negative). Cytogenetic analysis in tumor revealed absence of Philadelphia chromosome. The patient was treated with local radiotherapy for NHL, with a favorable evolution and Hydroxyurea 1 g/day for CML with hematological remission. A localized lymphoid neoplasm may be an extramedullary localized blast crisis of CML or a distinct malignancy, with distinguished therapy and prognosis. A correct diagnosis based on a complex investigation: immunohistochemistry, conventional cytogenetic analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH

  1. Severe Lactic Acidosis in a Patient with B-Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farn Huei Chan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Lactic acidosis is commonly observed in clinical situations such as shock and sepsis, as a result of tissue hypoperfusion and hypoxia. Lymphoma and leukemia are among other clinical situations where lactic acidosis has been reported. We present a case of a 59-year-old female with lactic acidosis who was found to have aggressive B-cell lymphoma. There have been 29 cases of lymphoma induced lactic acidosis reported thus far; however all reported cases have abnormal vital signs or concomitant medical conditions that may lead to lactic acidosis. The pathogenesis of malignancy-induced lactic acidosis is not well understood; however associated factors include increased glycolysis, increased lactate production by cancer cells, and decreased hepatic clearance of lactate. When it occurs, lactic acidosis is a poor prognostic sign in these patients. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of underlying lymphoma or leukemia remains the only way to achieve complete resolution of lactic acidosis in these patients.

  2. Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the common bile duct: A case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Zakaria

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Hepatobiliary involvement by malignant lymphoma is usually a secondary manifestation of systemic disease, whereas primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the extrahepatic biliary ducts is an extremely rare entity. We describe the case of a 57-year-old man who presented with an acute onset of obstructive jaundice and severe itching. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed intrahepatic and common hepatic ducts dilatation. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed a mid-common bile duct stricture. The patient was presumed to have cholangiocarcinoma of the common bile duct, and an en bloc resection of the tumor with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy and porta-hepatis lymph nodes dissection was performed. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry revealed a large B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The patient received six cycles of combination chemotherapy using cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone, and rituximab (CVP-R protocol, and after a 5-year follow-up he is still in complete remission. We also reviewed the cases published from 1982 to 2012, highlighting the challenges in reaching a correct preoperative diagnosis and the treatment modalities used in each case.

  3. Retrospective study of 48 cases of primary central nervous system lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Alessandro

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL is an infrequent form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma restricted to the CNS. More than 90% are type B and mainly affect patients aged 50-70 years. Immunodeficiency is the most important risk factor. The aim of our study was to evaluate the immune status, clinical presentation and findings in complementary studies of PCNSL patients. A retrospective analysis of 48 cases treated in our center between January 1992 and May 2015 was performed. Median age at diagnosis was 61 years (range 25-84; with male predominance (2.1:1. Forty one cases (85% were immunocompetent patients. Brain MRI findings showed parenchymal involvement in 45 cases (94%, 43% with frontal lobe and 35% basal ganglia, 4% had meningeal involvement and 2% had ophthalmic involvement at diagnosis. Fifty-five percent had restricted signal on diffusion weighted imaging and contrast enhancement was found in 89%. Pyramidal syndrome was the main initial clinical manifestation (56%. There were abnormal findings in 62% of CSF samples, but in only 11.1% positive cytology results were detected. The most frequent type was diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (83%, being B-cell type the most common form between them (96%. In our series PCNSL was more frequent in immunocompetent elderly male subjects. At initial evaluation, clinical manifestations and MRI findings were variable. The initial suspicion of this entity would allow an early diagnosis, avoiding empirical treatments that may confuse or delay diagnosis

  4. Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the common bile duct: A case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakaria, Ali; Al-Obeidi, Salwan; Daradkeh, Salam

    2017-01-01

    Hepatobiliary involvement by malignant lymphoma is usually a secondary manifestation of systemic disease, whereas primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the extrahepatic biliary ducts is an extremely rare entity. We describe the case of a 57-year-old man who presented with an acute onset of obstructive jaundice and severe itching. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed intrahepatic and common hepatic ducts dilatation. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed a mid-common bile duct stricture. The patient was presumed to have cholangiocarcinoma of the common bile duct, and an en bloc resection of the tumor with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy and porta-hepatis lymph nodes dissection was performed. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry revealed a large B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The patient received six cycles of combination chemotherapy using cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone, and rituximab (CVP-R) protocol, and after a 5-year follow-up he is still in complete remission. We also reviewed the cases published from 1982 to 2012, highlighting the challenges in reaching a correct preoperative diagnosis and the treatment modalities used in each case. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Taiwan.

  5. Central Nervous System Toxoplasmosis in Relapsed Hodgkin's Lymphoma: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abolghasemi, Hassan; Shahverdi, Ehsan; Jafari, Ramezan; Dolatimehr, Fardin; Khandani, Azam

    2016-08-01

    Patients with immunosuppression have an increased incidence of toxoplasmosis characterized by involvement of the central nervous system. Only a few cases of toxoplasmosis associated with immunosuppressive agents have been reported. Such cases have been reported in immune suppressed patients outside the Iran, but a search of the literature has not revealed any previous reports from this country. We described a 17- year -old male, a known case of Hodgkin's lymphoma with the diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) toxoplasmosis. As a conclusion, CNS toxoplasmosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of immunosuppressed patients who present with neurological manifestations.

  6. Rapid progression of mediastinal tumor within a few days: A case report of T cell lymphoblastic lymphoma

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    Ahn, Tae Ran; Lee, Young Kyung; Jun, Hyun Jung; Jung, Eun Ah; Son, Jin Sung [Seoul Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma is a highly aggressive tumor derived from lymphocyte of the thymus, which accounts for 2% of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The disease occurs most commonly in adolescent and young adult males. It often results in respiratory emergency because of high proliferation rate. In this case, we confirmed the rapid progression of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma through the chest CT scan with one week interval. Three days of empirical chemotherapy resulted in substantial reduction of mediastinal mass, pleural thickening and pleural effusion.

  7. Human herpesvirus 8 in primary effusion lymphoma in an HIV-seronegative male. A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munichor, Mariana; Cohen, Hector; Sarid, Ronit; Manov, Irena; Iancu, Theodore C

    2004-01-01

    AIDS-related body cavity-based lymphoma, or primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), is a distinct clinicopathologic entity that occurs predominantly in immunosuppressed patients infected with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), also known as Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. Although it rarely occurs in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative patients, we report such a case here. A 74-year-old male, who was HIV and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) negative, was admitted to the hospital with dyspnea and chest pain. Chest radiography and computed tomography showed right pleural effusion. Cytologic analysis of the pleural effusion revealed a high grade lymphoma with round nuclei, prominent nucleoli and abundant cytoplasm. Polymerase chain reaction performed on the pleural effusion was positive for HHV-8 and negative for EBV. On molecular studies, the immunoglobulin heavy and kappa light chains were rearranged. Flow cytometry revealed a hyperploid fraction with DNA index of 1.29 expressing CD30. Immunostaining for HHV-8 from a cell block was positive. Electron microscopy revealed lymphomalike cells, many in various stages of apoptosis, with large nucleoli and clusters of viruslike particles in the nucleoplasm. A firm diagnosis of PEL can be established by the examination of cells from the lymphomatous effusion by a combination of cytology, molecular genetics, phenotypic features, immunostaining and electron microscopy. To our knowledge, this is the first case in which immunostaining for anti-HHV-8 monoclonal antibodies was used to support the diagnosis.

  8. Pulmonary intravascular lymphoma detected by FDG PET-CT: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohan, A A; Paganini, L; Biedak, P; Arma, J I; Dalurzo, M C L; Garcia-Monaco, R D

    2013-01-01

    Intravascular lymphoma is a rare subtype of extranodal Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Its prognosis is poor in a high percentage of cases due to its insidious appearance and low clinical suspicion. Its diagnosis is usually only reached after an autopsy. It may affect different organs as a whole or only one organ. It is extremely rare that the lung is the only damaged organ. Its diagnosis depends of the clinician's suspicion and proper evaluation with imaging studies as well as correct selection of the organ to be biopsied. When detected on time, the treatment of choice is a combination of a series of chemotherapy associated to a monoclonal antibody (anti-CD20). We present the case of a male patient who underwent a positron emission tomography-computed tomography with 2-[F-18]-fluoro-2 deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) due to symptoms suggestive of a lymphoproliferative disease with no clear structural abnormalities. The images led to a diagnosis of pulmonary intravascular large B cell lymphoma. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. and SEMNIM. All rights reserved.

  9. [MALT B cell lymphoma with kidney damage and monoclonal gammopathy: a case study and literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peces, R; Vega-Cabrera, C; Peces, C; Pobes, A; Fresno, M F

    2010-01-01

    We report a case of low-grade B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) involving the left kidney and simultaneous onset of a monoclonal gammopathy IgM kappa. No predisposing local inflammatory condition was identified. Following left nephrectomy, the renal specimen showed the centrocyte like cells and lymphoid cells in the lymphoepithelial lesions were positive for CD20 and CD79α. The neoplastic cells expressed monotypic cytoplasmic IgM kappa. The demonstration of bone marrow cells of B-lineage expressing the same monoclonal protein as the tumor suggested bone marrow involvement, even in the absence of identical morphology. Despite chemotherapy and rituximab treatment, clinical follow-up showed right kidney extension with high-grade transformation, and finally systemic dissemination. This case illustrates that the kidney is among the sites that may be involved by MALT B-cell lymphomas in a primary or secondary fashion, and the need for expanded investigation of the possible dissemination. We review the literature on this unusual extranodal lymphoma.

  10. Primary Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma of the Mandible: Case Report and Review of the Literature

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    Amr Bugshan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In the oral cavity, extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma can occur in the periapical region either in the maxilla or mandible. Also, it can mimic inflammatory lesions that arise around the teeth apices such as periapical granuloma, radicular cyst and osteomyelitis. Misdiagnosis of lymphomas in the jaws may reduce the chance of successful treatment and worsen the prognosis. Therefore, any growth of periapical tissue must be submitted for histopathological evaluation to avoid a delay in the diagnosis. We present a case of extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of a 53-year-old male in the right posterior mandible that was initially misdiagnosed as a reactive periapical lesion. This case illustrates the importance for both the pathologist and the clinician of considering malignant lesions such as lymphoma in the differential diagnosis of periapical radiolucency.

  11. [Case report of synchronous manifestation of two malignant tumors--cervical cancer and malignant lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    According the morphological classification of tumors as metahronnic are defined tumors with more than two histological types in one anatomic region (one body), and as synchronous--these with two histological types in one anatomic area. Affected lymph nodes in cervical cancer is different and depends on the stage and histological type of tumor (squamous and adenocarcinoma) and is an important prognostic factor. Malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma populations (NHL) originale from the lymph organs and from their populations downstream lymphoid Stem cell to mature lymphocytes that have opportunities for transformation and proliferation. Recognition of different types of NHL is a complex diagnostic process, in which besides routine cytological and histological methods is requiring the use of immunohistological, imaging and invasive methods. We present the random case developed cervical cancer and malignant lymphoma.

  12. Temporary marked impairment of visual acuity in a case of intraocular malignant lymphoma during radiation therapy

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    Miyao, Yoko; Tada, Rei; Koizumi, Noriko; Yamada, Hideaki; Kinoshita, Shigeru [Kyoto Prefectural Univ. of Medicine (Japan); Ikeda, Tsunehiko

    2000-05-01

    A 56-year-old female was referred to us for blurring of both eyes since 2 years before. She had been diagnosed as chronic uveitis and responded poorly to systemic and topical corticosteroid. Her corrected visual acuity was 0.8 right and 0.5 left. Systemic studies, including magnetic resonance imaging and gadolinium scintigraphy, were negative. Vitreous biopsy led to the diagnosis of malignant lymphoma originating from the eye. Seven days after initiation of radiation at the daily doses of 2 Gy, massive subretinal infiltration developed in her right eye forming a niveau. Systemic prednisolone induced resolution of exudate with improved visual acuity to 1.0 13 days later. This cases illustrates that radiation may induce temporary aggravation of intraocular malignant lymphoma and that it may undergo resolution following systemic corticosteroid. (author)

  13. Rituximab-induced interstitial lung disease in a patient with follicular lymphoma: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhas Aagre

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Rituximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody that targets CD-20 antigen expressed in more than 90% of all B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL. We report a case of 33-year-old female without any comorbidities, newly diagnosed with stage IIIB follicular lymphoma treated with rituximab-based chemotherapy. Patient developed exertional dyspnea and dry cough after the fourth cycle of rituximab-based chemotherapy. Diagnostic high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT of the lungs revealed bilateral patchy ground glass opacities suggestive of interstitial lung disease (ILD. It was managed successfully with supplemental oxygen and corticosteroids with discontinuation of the Rituximab. Extensive review of the literature did not reveal ample of material on rituximab-induced ILD (RTX-ILD.

  14. Anaplastic Large-Cell Lymphoma Associated with Breast Implants: A Case Report of a Transgender Female.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patzelt, Matej; Zarubova, Lucie; Klener, Pavel; Barta, Josef; Benkova, Kamila; Brandejsova, Adrianna; Trneny, Marek; Gürlich, Robert; Sukop, Andrej

    2017-11-03

    Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare peripheral T cell lymphoma. BIA-ALCL is a disease of the fibrous capsule surrounding the implant and occurs in patients after both breast reconstruction and augmentation. More than 300 cases have been reported so far, including two in a transgender patient. Here we describe BIA-ALCL presented with a mass in a transgender patient and the first case of BIA-ALCL in the Czech Republic. In 2007, a 33-year-old transgender male to female underwent bilateral breast augmentation as a part of his transformation to female. In June 2014, the patient developed a 5-cm tumorous mass in her left breast. Magnetic resonance imaging of the chest revealed a ruptured implant and a tumorous mass penetrating into the capsule and infiltrating the pectoral muscle. An R0 surgery was indicated-the implant, silicone gel and capsule were removed, and the tumorous mass was resected together with a part of the pectoral muscle. Histology revealed anaplastic large-cell lymphoma. The patient underwent standard staging procedures for lymphoma including a bone marrow trephine biopsy, which confirmed stage IE. The patient was treated with the standard chemotherapy for systemic ALCL-6 cycles of CHOP-21. The patient was tumor-free at the 2-year follow-up. BIA-ALCL has been reported mostly in women who received implants for either reconstructive or aesthetic augmentation. This is the third report of BIA-ALCL in a transgender person, the first in the Czech Republic. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

  15. [Extensive cutaneous candidiasis revealing cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: 2 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duong, T; Ingen-Housz-Oro, S; Gaulier, A; Petit, A; Dubertret, L; Sigal-Grinberg, M

    2006-01-01

    During the course of immunodeficiency diseases, severe candidiasis can occur with extensive cutaneous and mucous membrane lesions. However, blood dyscrasias are very rarely revealed by diffuse candidiasis. We report two case of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma revealed by extensive and atypical cutaneous candidiasis. Case No. 1:A 72-year-old woman presented a pruritic rash of circinate, serpiginous patches on glabrous skin and skinfolds with multiple intertrigo and rapidly worsening palmoplantar keratoderma. All mycological skin specimens tested positive for Candida albicans. Histological examination of a biopsy sample from a serpiginous patch revealed the presence of fungal elements while palmoplantar keratoderma biopsy showed an epidermotropic lymphocytic infiltrate in the superficial dermis evocative of mycosis fungoides. Blood tests showed a white cell count of 28 600/mm3 with 14% circulating Sezary cells and a T-cell clone. The T-cell lymphoma was treated with methotrexate, but the disease worsened a few months later, progressing to CD30- large T-cell pleomorphic lymphoma. The patient died of severe sepsis. Case No 2:A 60-year-old man presented a macular rash over the face, trunk and skinfolds as well as erythematous scaly annular plaques of the glabrous skin with lymphadenopathy. Cultures of skin scrapings were all positive for Candida albicans. Blood tests showed a white cell count of 15 000/mm3 with 30% circulating Sezary cells. A trunk patch biopsy revealed the histological appearance of mycosis fungoides. There was a T-cell clone in the peripheral blood and skin. In both cases, the patients presented with widespread annular and erythematous scaly lesions of the glabrous skin and skinfolds with evidence of Candida albicans on fungal tests of all skin scrapings. The discovery of circulating Sezary cells on a systematic smear for hyperleukocytosis led us to suspect underlying cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, which was confirmed by biopsy of the skin lesions accompanying

  16. Evaluation of the role of Epstein-Barr virus in cases of nodal or extranodal T- and NK-cell lymphoma using eber in situ hybridization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaarslan, Serap; Hekimgil, Mine; Soydan, Saliha; Ertan, Yeşim; Doğanavşargil, Başak

    2015-06-01

    Various racial and geographic differences have been observed in studies questioning the role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in the etiology of T- and NK-cell lymphomas. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of EBV with nodal or extranodal (skin excluded) T- and NK-cell lymphoma subtypes encountered in our geographic area. Sixty-two cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma were included in the study. EBV-encoded early RNA (EBER) was detected by in situ hybridization. The distributions of T- and NK-cell lymphoma subtypes were as follows: 32 peripheral T-cell lymphomas, unspecified (PTCL, NOS), 13 anaplastic large-cell lymphomas (ALCL), 8 angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphomas (AITCL), 4 extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type (NKTCL), 3 enteropathy-type T-cell lymphomas (ETTCL), 1 hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL), and 1 subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL). Using a cut-off value of >25% of EBER-positive neoplastic lymphoid cells, EBV was positive in 22.6% of all cases. According to subtype, the neoplastic cells of 31.3% of PTCL, NOS and 100% of extranodal NKTCL, nasal type were EBER positive, whereas some cases of ALCL, AITCL, and ETTCL presented EBER-positive non‑neoplastic cells, and all cells of HSTCL and SPTCL were EBV negative. Extranodal NKTCL, nasal type, presented the strongest association with EBV, followed by PTCL, NOS.

  17. Sinonasal Lymphoma Presenting as a Probable Sanctuary Site for Relapsed B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Y. Lim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Sinonasal lymphoma is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL representing 1.5% of all lymphomas. It presents as an unremitting ulceration with progressive destruction of midline sinonasal and surrounding structures. Poor prognosis warrants early treatment although diagnosis is challenging and frequently delayed. It is usually primary in origin and to our knowledge the sinonasal region has never been reported as a sanctuary site in leukaemia/lymphoma relapse. We present a unique case of B-cell ALL (acute lymphoblastic leukaemia with late relapse to the nasal septum as a sinonasal lymphoblastic lymphoma and with genetic support for this as a sanctuary site.

  18. Primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: A case report

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    Muhammad Sadiq

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Primary testicular diffuse large-B cell lymphoma (DLBCL is an uncommon and aggressive disease with predominant manifestation in the older age. Herein, we report a case of 47-year-old male patient who presented with three months history of left testis swelling. The patient underwent unilateral (left radical orchiectomy. Histopathological examination revealed extensive involvement and replacement of testicular parenchyma by a tumor composed of large discohesive sheets of cells with pleomorphic, hyperchromatic nuclei and prominent nucleoli. Immunohistochemical (IHC staining showed reactivity for LCA & Pan B (CD20 and negativity for OCT 3/4, SALL4 and Inhibin. Moreover, Pan T (CD3 highlighted reactive T-cells. These features rendered the diagnosis of DLBCL of testis. The hybrid 2-[fluorine-18] fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT demonstrated two para-aortic FDG avid lymph nodes on the left side at the level of L2 vertebra. Presently, the patient has been planned for doxorubicin-based chemotherapy (i.e., cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone; CHOP along with intrathecal Methroxate (MTX, which would presumably improve the prognosis. Our study would expand the pool of this uncommon tumor towards its better understanding. Keywords: Primary testicular lymphoma, Diffuse large-B cell lymphoma, Orchiectomy, Doxorubicin-based chemotherapy

  19. Hodgkin's lymphoma masquerading as vertebral osteomyelitis in a man with diabetes: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sohani Aliyah R

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Infection and malignancy often have common characteristics which render the differential diagnosis for a prolonged fever difficult. Imaging and tissue biopsy are crucial in making a correct diagnosis, though differentiating between chronic osteomyelitis and malignancy is not always straightforward as they possess many overlapping features. Case Presentation A 52-year-old Caucasian man was treated with antibiotics for his diabetic foot infection after a superficial culture showed Staphylococcus aureus. He had persistent fevers for several weeks and later developed acute onset of back pain which was treated with several courses of antibiotics. Radiographic and pathological findings were atypical, and a diagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma was made 12 weeks later. Conclusion Clinicians should maintain a suspicion for Hodgkin's lymphoma or other occult malignancy when features of presumed osteomyelitis are atypical. Chronic vertebral osteomyelitis in particular often lacks features common to acute infectious disease processes, and the chronic lymphocytic infiltrates seen on histopathology have very similar features to Hodgkin's lymphoma, highlighting a similar inflammatory microenvironment sustained by both processes.

  20. An unusual case of leukemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with blastic transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Späth-Schwalbe, E; Flath, B; Kaufmann, O; Thiel, G; Brinckmann, R; Dietel, M; Possinger, K

    2000-04-01

    We report on a patient who was diagnosed as having B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with atypical morphology. Flow cytometry disclosed CD5, CD19, and CD23 positivity, an immunophenotype seen mostly in B-CLL. Histology of the spleen and bone marrow suggested a diagnosis of small lymphocytic lymphoma. Upon blastic transformation, only 3 years after the diagnosis had been made, unusual clinical and laboratory features emerged. Lymphoid blasts appeared in the peripheral blood, and the patient developed nodular infiltrates consisting of these blasts at recent venous puncture sites. The patient did not respond to chemotherapy and died. The lymphoid blasts in the peripheral blood were CD5-, CD19+, and CD23+ and harbored t(11;14) (q13;q32) and t(11;21)(p11;q21) translocations. To account for the possibility of two independent lymphoid malignancies, molecular genetic analyses were performed on samples from the spleen, bone marrow and a lymph node with the large-cell lymphoma, which showed identical clones in these tissues. This unusual case supports the idea that in leukemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, in addition to morphology, an accurate diagnostic workup requires immunophenotypic, cytogenetic, and molecular studies.

  1. Mantle cell lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract presenting with multiple intussusceptions – case report and review of literature

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    Abo Stephen M

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL is an aggressive type of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that originates from small to medium sized lymphocytes located in the mantle zone of the lymph node. Extra nodal involvement is present in the majority of cases, with a peculiar tendency to invade the gastro-intestinal tract in the form of multiple lymphomatous polyposis. MCL can be accurately diagnosed with the use of the highly specific marker Cyclin D1. Few cases of mantle cell lymphoma presenting with intussuception have been reported. Here we present a rare case of multiple intussusceptions caused by mantle cell lymphoma and review the literature of this disease. Case presentation A 68-year-old male presented with pain, tenderness in the right lower abdomen, associated with nausea and non-bilious vomiting. CT scan of abdomen revealed ileo-colic intussusception. Laparoscopy confirmed multiple intussusceptions involving ileo-colic and ileo-ileal segments of gastrointestinal tract. A laparoscopically assisted right hemicolectomy and extended ileal resection was performed. Postoperative recovery was uneventful. The histology and immuno-histochemistry of the excised small and large bowel revealed mantle cell lymphoma with multiple lymphomatous polyposis and positivity to Cyclin D1 marker. The patient was successfully treated with Rituximab-CHOP chemotherapy and remains in complete remission at one-year follow-up. Conclusion This is a rare case of intestinal lymphomatous polyposis due to mantle cell lymphoma presenting with multiple small bowel intussusceptions. Our case highlights laparoscopic-assisted bowel resection as a potential and feasible option in the multi-disciplinary treatment of mantle cell lymphoma.

  2. Problems of primary T-cell lymphoma of the thyroid gland -A case report

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    Yokoyama Junkichi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In the following report we discuss a very rare case of malignant T-cell lymphoma of the thyroid gland that developed in a 70-year-old woman with a past history of hypothyroidism due to chronic thyroiditis. The chief complaint was a rapidly growing neck mass. CT and ultrasonographic examination revealed a diffuse large thyroid gland without a nodule extending up to 13 cm. Although presence of abnormal lymphoid cells in the peripheral blood was not found, the sIL-2 Receptor antibody and thyroglobulin measured as high as 970 U/ml and 600 ng/mL respectively. Fine needle aspiration cytology diagnosed chronic thyroiditis. A preoperative diagnosis of suspicious malignant lymphoma of the thyroid gland accompanied by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis was made, and a right hemithyroidectomy was performed to definite diagnosis. Histological examination revealed diffuse small lymphocytic infiltration in the thyroid gland associated with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Immunohistochemical examination showed that the small lymphocytes were positive for T-cell markers with CD3 and CD45RO. The pathological diagnosis was chronic thyroiditis with atypical lymphocytes infiltration. However, Southern blot analysis of tumor specimens revealed only a monoclonal T-cell receptor gene rearrangement. Finally, peripheral T cell lymphoma was diagnosed. Therefore, the left hemithyroidectomy was also performed one month later. No adjuvant therapy was performed due to the tumor stage and its subtype. The patient is well with no recurrence or metastasis 22 months after the surgical removal of the thyroid. As malignant T-cell lymphoma of the thyroid gland with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis was difficult to diagnose, gene rearrangement examination needed to be performed concurrently.

  3. Primary cutaneous lymphomas: A clinical and histological study of 99 cases in Isfahan, Iran

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    Farahnaz Fatemi Naeini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Primary cutaneous lymphomas (PCLs represent a heterogeneous group of T- and B-cell lymphomas that present in the skin with no evidence of extracutaneous disease at the time of diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess and report the epidemiological characteristics of PCLs in Isfahan, Isfahan Province, Iran - as a main province of Iran. Materials and Methods: A total of 99 patients were recruited over a recent 10-year period (2003-2013 with diagnosis of PCLs; the patients were classified according to the The World Health Organization/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (WHO-EORTC criteria. Mean and standard deviations (SDs were used to describe continuous data, numbers, and percentages for categorical data. Statistical significance was defined as P < 0.05. Results: The patients comprised 45 men and 54 women aged 5-80 years (median 36 at diagnosis. The male-to-female ratio was 1:1.2. Histological examination showed features of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (PCBCLs in four cases. The mean ± SD age in primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (PCTCLs and PCBCLs was 37.9 ± 16.5 years and 39.7 ± 9.1 years, respectively (P = 0.72. The mean ± SD latent period between the time of diagnosis and initiation of skin lesions in men and women was 2.3 ± 4.1 years and 5.9 ± 10.1 years, respectively (P = 0.02. The most frequent subtypes were mycosis fungoides (MFs (86.9% followed by Sιzary syndrome (SS (4%. Five patients died from PCL-related deaths. Conclusion: The distinguishing epidemiologic characteristics of PCL in Iran are the absence of a male predominance and a lower age of diagnosis. The study highlights the ethnic or regional variations in the clinicoepidemiological characteristics of PCLs.

  4. Analysis of the role of intratecal liposomal cytarabine in the prophylaxis and treatment of central nervous system lymphomatosis: The Balearic Lymphoma Group experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Recio, Marta; Cladera, Antonia; Bento, Leyre; Dominguez, Julia; Ruiz de Gracia, Silvia; Sartori, Francesca; Del Campo, Raquel; García, Lucia; Ballester, Carmen; Gines, Jordi; Bargay, Joan; Sampol, Antonia; Gutiérrez, Antonio

    2017-01-01

    Central nervous system (CNS) lymphomatosis is a fatal complication of aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). In lymphoblastic or Burkitt lymphoma, without specific CNS prophylaxis the risk of CNS relapse is 20-30%. DLBCL has a lower risk of relapse (around 5%) but several factors increase its incidence. There is no consensus or trials to conclude which is the best CNS prophylaxis. Best results seem to be associated with the use of intravenous (iv) high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX) but with a significant toxicity. Other options are the administration of intrathecal (IT) MTX, cytarabine or liposomal cytarabine (ITLC). Our aim is to analyze the experience of the centers of the Balearic Lymphoma Group (BLG) about the toxicity and efficacy of ITLC in the prophylaxis and therapy of CNS lymphomatosis. We retrospectively reviewed cases from 2005 to 2015 (n = 58) treated with ITLC. Our toxicity results were: 33% headache, 20% neurological deficits, 11% nausea, 9% dizziness, 4% vomiting, 4% fever, 2% transient blindness and 2% photophobia. In the prophylactic cohort (n = 26) with a median follow-up of 55 months (17-81) only 3 CNS relapses (11%) were observed (testicular DLBCL, Burkitt and plasmablastic lymphoma, with a cumulative incidence of 8%, 14% and 20% respectively). In the treatment cohort (n = 32), CSF complete clearance was obtained in 77% cases. Median OS was 6 months (0-16). Death causes were lymphoma progression (19 patients, 79%), treatment toxicity (2 patients) and non-related (3 patients, 12%). Toxicity profile was good especially when concomitant dexamethasone was administered. In the prophylactic cohort the incidence of CNS relapse in DLBCL group was similar to previously reported for HDMTX and much better than IT MTX. A high number of ITLC injections was associated with better rates of CSF clearance, clinical responses, PFS and lower relapses. Survival is still poor in CNS lymphomatosis and new therapeutic approaches are still needed.

  5. Analysis of the role of intratecal liposomal cytarabine in the prophylaxis and treatment of central nervous system lymphomatosis: The Balearic Lymphoma Group experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Recio, Marta; Cladera, Antonia; Bento, Leyre; Dominguez, Julia; Ruiz de Gracia, Silvia; Sartori, Francesca; Del Campo, Raquel; García, Lucia; Ballester, Carmen; Gines, Jordi; Bargay, Joan; Sampol, Antonia

    2017-01-01

    Central nervous system (CNS) lymphomatosis is a fatal complication of aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). In lymphoblastic or Burkitt lymphoma, without specific CNS prophylaxis the risk of CNS relapse is 20–30%. DLBCL has a lower risk of relapse (around 5%) but several factors increase its incidence. There is no consensus or trials to conclude which is the best CNS prophylaxis. Best results seem to be associated with the use of intravenous (iv) high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX) but with a significant toxicity. Other options are the administration of intrathecal (IT) MTX, cytarabine or liposomal cytarabine (ITLC). Our aim is to analyze the experience of the centers of the Balearic Lymphoma Group (BLG) about the toxicity and efficacy of ITLC in the prophylaxis and therapy of CNS lymphomatosis. We retrospectively reviewed cases from 2005 to 2015 (n = 58) treated with ITLC. Our toxicity results were: 33% headache, 20% neurological deficits, 11% nausea, 9% dizziness, 4% vomiting, 4% fever, 2% transient blindness and 2% photophobia. In the prophylactic cohort (n = 26) with a median follow-up of 55 months (17–81) only 3 CNS relapses (11%) were observed (testicular DLBCL, Burkitt and plasmablastic lymphoma, with a cumulative incidence of 8%, 14% and 20% respectively). In the treatment cohort (n = 32), CSF complete clearance was obtained in 77% cases. Median OS was 6 months (0–16). Death causes were lymphoma progression (19 patients, 79%), treatment toxicity (2 patients) and non-related (3 patients, 12%). Toxicity profile was good especially when concomitant dexamethasone was administered. In the prophylactic cohort the incidence of CNS relapse in DLBCL group was similar to previously reported for HDMTX and much better than IT MTX. A high number of ITLC injections was associated with better rates of CSF clearance, clinical responses, PFS and lower relapses. Survival is still poor in CNS lymphomatosis and new therapeutic approaches are still needed. PMID:28665999

  6. A Case of Primary T-Cell Central Nervous System Lymphoma: MR Imaging and MR Spectroscopy Assessment

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    G. Manenti

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs are mainly B-cells lymphomas. A risk factor for the development of PCNSL is immunodeficiency, which includes congenital disorders, iatrogenic immunosuppression, and HIV. The clinical course is rapidly fatal; these patients usually present signs of increased intracranial pressure, nausea, papilledema, vomiting, and neurological and neuropsychiatric symptoms. PCNSL may have a characteristic appearance on CT and MR imaging. DWI sequences and MR spectroscopy may help to differentiate CNS lymphomas from other brain lesions. In this paper, we report a case of a 23-year-old man with T-primary central nervous system lymphoma presenting with a mass in the right frontotemporal lobe. We describe clinical, CT, and MRI findings. Diagnosis was confirmed by stereotactic biopsy of the lesion.

  7. Acute T- cell lymphoblastic lymphoma - A case report | Sumba | East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We highlight the case of a two year old female who presented with a two month history of left posterior auricular swelling. The swelling developed following trauma, was painless and progressively enlarging. After extensive evaluation the mass was noted to be an extramedullary presentation of Acute T cell lymphoblastic ...

  8. GBV-C/hepatitis G virus infection and non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a case control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krajden, Mel; Yu, Amanda; Braybrook, Heather; Lai, Agnes S; Mak, Annie; Chow, Ron; Cook, Darrel; Tellier, Raymond; Petric, Martin; Gascoyne, Randy D; Connors, Joseph M; Brooks-Wilson, Angela R; Gallagher, Richard P; Spinelli, John J

    2010-06-15

    We investigated whether there was an association between GBV-C viremia and the development of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in 553 NHL cases and 438 controls from British Columbia, Canada. Cases were aged 20-79, diagnosed between March 2000 and February 2004, and resident in Greater Vancouver or Victoria. Cases and controls were tested for GBV-C RNA by RT-PCR and positive samples were genotyped. Overall, GBV-C RNA was detected in 4.5% of NHL cases vs. 1.8% of controls [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 2.72, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.22-6.69]. The association between GBV-C RNA detection and NHL remained even after individuals with a history of prior transfusion, injection drug use and hepatitis C virus sero-positivity were excluded. GBV-C viremia showed the strongest association with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (adjusted OR = 5.18, 95% CI = 2.06-13.71). Genotyping was performed on 29/33 GBV-C RNA positive individuals; genotypes 2a (n = 22); 2b (n = 5) and 3 (n = 2) were identified, consistent with the distribution of genotypes found in North America. This is the largest case-control study to date associating GBV-C viremia and NHL risk. As GBV-C is known to be transmitted through blood products this may have important implications for blood safety.

  9. Testicular lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Michael Boe; d'Amore, F; Christensen, Bjarne Egelund

    1994-01-01

    In a Danish population-based non-Hodgkin's lymphoma registry, 2687 newly diagnosed patients were registered from 1983 to 1992. 39 had testicular involvement (TL) (incidence 0.26/10(5)/year). Median age was 71 years. 24 cases had localised and 15 had disseminated disease. Histologically, all cases...

  10. [Thalidomide therapy in relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in elderly patients. Three cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohner, Nikolett; Varga, Gergely; Szloboda, Péter; Farkas, Péter; Masszi, András; Horváth, Laura; Szombath, Gergely; Várkonyi, Judit; Benedek, Szabolcs; Masszi, Tamás

    2017-10-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), a high-grade lymphoproliferative disease, is the most common lymphoma in adults, representing 31% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). In elderly patients treatment is problematic because of the high toxicity of standard chemotherapy protocols, especially in relapsed cases, where high-dose chemotherapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation would be the best choice. More and more data is becoming available on alternative treatment of refractory/relapsed NHL, including studies on the positive effect of thalidomide and second generation IMiDs in DLBCL, which are already part of the standard treatment protocol in myeloma multiplex and myelodysplasia. The broadening use of IMiDs is due to their anti-angiogenetic, immunmodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, a component of the E3-ubiquitin ligase complex, named cereblon, has been described in 2010 as the molecular effector of the thalidomide signal transduction pathway. We initiated thalidomide treatment in three elderly patients with relapsed DLBCL. In two cases, patients had CNS involvement, in the third case the patient had primary mediastinal disease. Patients received 100 mg thalidomide in combination with corticosteroids. Two patients showed an excellent response reaching complete remission on imaging; these patients are progression-free 12 and 20 months after the beginning of treatment. One patient with CNS involvement progressed and deceased despite therapy. According to the literature, IMiDs have significant activity in relapsed DLBCL. Our case-report presents promising results in an elderly patient population with aggressive relapsed NHL that usually has very poor outcome, as high-toxicity treatment cannot be given to these patients. Consequently, because of its efficiency, low-cost and low-toxicity, it is recommended to consider thalidomide therapy in elderly patients with high-grade DLBCL. Orv Hetil. 2017; 158(41): 1642-1648.

  11. Primary testicular and paratesticular lymphoma: a retrospective clinicopathologic study of 34 cases with emphasis on differential diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Abbadi, Mousa A; Hattab, Eyas M; Tarawneh, Musleh; Orazi, Attilio; Ulbright, Thomas M

    2007-07-01

    Recent reports indicate the rate of primary testicular lymphomas is on the rise and misdiagnosis can still occur. To review and investigate the clinicopathologic features of primary testicular lymphoma with emphasis on the differential diagnosis. Discussion about the issue of misdiagnosis is also presented. Retrospective review of pathology archives in 3 medical centers for cases fulfilling criteria of primary testicular lymphoma or paratesticular lymphoma was carried out. Clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features were studied and analyzed. The search identified 34 cases. Patients ranged from 4 to 87 years of age (mean, 55 years). All presented with a testicular/paratesticular mass and were stage I. The masses ranged from 2.5 to 13 cm (mean, 5.6 cm). Microscopically, the tumors often had an intertubular growth pattern or diffuse arrangement of predominantly large cells with pleomorphic, twisted nuclei and small nucleoli. Mitotic activity was brisk and apoptotic bodies were abundant. Thirty-two tumors were classified as diffuse large cell lymphomas; immunophenotype was determined in 21 of these and all were of B-cell type. The median survival was 96 months. The rate of initial misdiagnosis was unexpectedly high (5 cases, 15%). Most cases of primary testicular lymphoma fall into the broad category of diffuse large cell lymphoma and the majority are B-cell type with particularly high proliferative activity when characterized by appropriate immunophenotyping. Misdiagnosis can occur, especially in those cases in which presentation occurs at an age similar to that for germ cell tumors, showing the need for caution and appropriate immunostaining when a testicular neoplasm has an atypical appearance for a germ cell tumor.

  12. [Two cases of subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (CD4- CD8+ CD56-)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springinsfeld, G; Guillaume, J-C; Boeckler, P; Tortel, M-C; Cribier, B

    2009-03-01

    Subcutaneous T-cell lymphoma is a rare disease and diagnosis is often difficult. We report two cases of subcutaneous T-cell lymphoma simulating panniculitis and initially treated with systemic steroids. Case No. 1. A 75-year-old woman, otherwise asymptomatic, presented with plaques and nodules of the legs present for 4 months. Histological and immunohistochemical analysis revealed subcutaneous T-cell lymphoma of CD4- CD8+ CD56- phenotype. Improvement was observed with systemic steroids followed by radiotherapy. Case No. 2. A 53-year-old woman presented with a 10-year history of recurrent infiltrated plaques. Lupus panniculitis was evoked but not confirmed. In the context of new panniculitis lesions, histological examination showed a dense lymphocytic infiltrate involving the fat lobules. Lymphocyte immunophenotyping and genotyping led to a diagnosis of subcutaneous T-cell lymphoma of CD4- CD8+ CD56- phenotype. Molecular analysis showed T-cell monoclonality (alpha beta). The lesions improved after few months of systemic corticosteroids. Although new nodular lesions appeared from time to time, further therapy was not deemed necessary. A distinction is currently made between two types of subcutaneous T-cell lymphomas and the prognosis and therapeutic consequences differ widely. In our two patients, subcutaneous CD8+ T-cell lymphoma was diagnosed. The clinical course was indolent in both cases. Differential diagnosis with regard to lupus panniculitis can be difficult because of its slow progression. In such cases of low-grade lymphomas, first-line therapy may be limited to systemic corticosteroids.

  13. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presenting with neurolymphomatosis and intravascular lymphoma: a unique autopsy case with diverse neurological symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamada Sohsuke

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A 78-year-old Japanese male noticed a difficulty in the beginning of standing up, followed by 7a progressive numbness of extremities with pain, Bell’s palsy, dysarthria, and difficulty in swallowing. A clinician had suspected cancer of unknown primary origin, accompanied by the diverse and elusive neurological symptoms, likely presenting as painful mononeuropathy simplex and cranial neuropathy. He developed dysbasia over weeks and died 1 month after the symptom onset. At autopsy, an ill-defined large and soft tumor mass in the right lobe of the liver with direct invasion into the right adrenal gland was observed. The left adrenal gland or right iliopsoas muscle was also involved. Microscopic findings showed a monotonous proliferation of medium-sized to large atypical lymphoid cells, which were diffusely positive for CD20 in immunohistochemistry, consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL. Furthermore, the lymphoma cells aggressively infiltrated endoneurial and subperineurial spaces not only in the peripheral nerves and plexuses, but partly in the spinal nerve roots, and intravascular spaces in various tissues. Therefore, systemic lymphoma (DLBL complicated with neurolymphomatosis (NL and intravascular lymphoma (IVL was diagnosed. Very early diagnosis and treatment are necessary for the NL patients with poor prognosis. Virtual slides The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/5862472377020448.

  14. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presenting with neurolymphomatosis and intravascular lymphoma: a unique autopsy case with diverse neurological symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Sohsuke; Tanimoto, Akihide; Nabeshima, Atsunori; Tasaki, Takashi; Wang, Ke-Yong; Kitada, Shohei; Noguchi, Hirotsugu; Sasaguri, Yasuyuki

    2012-08-13

    A 78-year-old Japanese male noticed a difficulty in the beginning of standing up, followed by 7a progressive numbness of extremities with pain, Bell's palsy, dysarthria, and difficulty in swallowing. A clinician had suspected cancer of unknown primary origin, accompanied by the diverse and elusive neurological symptoms, likely presenting as painful mononeuropathy simplex and cranial neuropathy. He developed dysbasia over weeks and died 1 month after the symptom onset. At autopsy, an ill-defined large and soft tumor mass in the right lobe of the liver with direct invasion into the right adrenal gland was observed. The left adrenal gland or right iliopsoas muscle was also involved. Microscopic findings showed a monotonous proliferation of medium-sized to large atypical lymphoid cells, which were diffusely positive for CD20 in immunohistochemistry, consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL). Furthermore, the lymphoma cells aggressively infiltrated endoneurial and subperineurial spaces not only in the peripheral nerves and plexuses, but partly in the spinal nerve roots, and intravascular spaces in various tissues. Therefore, systemic lymphoma (DLBL) complicated with neurolymphomatosis (NL) and intravascular lymphoma (IVL) was diagnosed. Very early diagnosis and treatment are necessary for the NL patients with poor prognosis. The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/5862472377020448.

  15. Clinical and biological aspects of aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adolescents and young adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coso D

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Diane Coso, Sylvain Garciaz, Réda BouabdallahDepartment of Hematology, Cancer Center Institut J. Paoli-I. Calmettes, University of La Méditerranée, Marseille, FranceAbstract: Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs are one of the most frequent malignancies in adolescents and young adults (AYA. Among NHLs, Burkitt's lymphoma (BL represents approximately 40% while diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL accounts for nearly 20% of cases. Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma is a variant of DLBCL, which preferentially concerns young patients. Biology of B-NHLs is well known and several pathways involving chromosomal translocations, gene rearrangements, and molecular profiling are the subject of continuous investigations. AYA with B-NHL have inferior survival when compared with children. The reasons for this unfavorable outcome are multifactorial, but disease-related biological characteristics of the tumor represent a powerful factor influencing survival. The choice of optimal strategy in the management of B-NHL in patients of 15–29 years old remains controversial and depends on the treating institution and its physicians. Although children and younger adolescents benefit from pediatric approaches using intensive treatment, older adolescents are often treated with adult rituximab-based chemotherapy. In this review, we focus on the current knowledge relevant to AYA with DLBCL and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma.Keywords: DLBCL, PMBCL, AYA, prognosis, treatment

  16. AIDS-related lymphomas: from pathogenesis to pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbone, Antonino; Gloghini, Annunziata

    2005-09-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated lymphomas include: (1) lymphomas also occurring, although sporadically, in the absence of HIV infection. The vast majority of these lymphomas are high-grade B-cell lymphomas: Burkitt lymphoma (BL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with centroblastic (CB) features and DLBCL with immunoblastic (IBL) features; (2) unusual lymphomas occurring more specifically in HIV-positive patients and include two rare entities, namely 'primary effusion lymphoma' (PEL) and 'plasmablastic lymphoma' of the oral cavity. The pathological heterogeneity of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (AIDS-NHL) reflects the heterogeneity of their associated molecular lesions. In AIDS-BL, the molecular lesions involve activation of cMYC, inactivation of P53, and infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). AIDS-IBL infected with EBV are characterised by frequent expression of latent membrane protein 1--an EBV oncoprotein. The biological heterogeneity of AIDS-NHL is highlighted by their histogenetic differences. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/human herpesvirus 8 (KSHV/HHV8)-associated lymphomas, which often develop in persons with advanced AIDS, present predominantly as PEL. KSHV/HHV8 has also been recently detected in solid extracavitary-based lymphomas. The KSHV/HHV8-associated solid lymphomas are (1) unusual lymphomas that occur more specifically in HIV-positive patients; (2) extracavitary and arise in nodal and/or extranodal sites; and (3) histologically, they usually display a PEL-like morphology and plasma cell-related phenotype.

  17. Paediatric anaplastic large cell lymphoma with leukaemic presentation in children: a report of nine French cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiegel, Alexandra; Paillard, Catherine; Ducassou, Stephane; Perel, Yves; Plantaz, Dominique; Strullu, Marion; Eischen, Alice; Lutz, Patrick; Lamant, Laurence; Le Deley, Marie-Cécile; Brugières, Laurence

    2014-05-01

    This study aimed to describe the clinical features and outcome of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) with leukaemic presentation in children. Among 267 patients included in the French paediatric ALCL database between 1989 and 2012, nine (3%) were described as having cytologically detectable circulating tumour cells. Clinical features combined fever (8/9), nodal and extra-nodal disease (9/9), including hepato-splenic (9/9) and lung involvement (7/9). The level of hyperleucocytosis ranged from 30 to 120 × 10(9) /l, with 12-90% of tumour cells. Diagnosis relied on a lymph node biopsy, with a positive ALK+ antibody immunostain in all nine cases, a T-cell immunophenotype in 7/9 cases and CD3 positivity in 5/9 cases. A small cell component was present in 6/9 cases. Only four patients achieved a complete remission with first-line therapy and 3/4 relapsed. Four patients are alive with a median follow-up of 31 months, two of them after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and five patients died, two of them of disease. In conclusion, ALCL with leukaemic presentation is very unusual and should be considered as high-risk lymphoma requiring new therapeutic strategies. The respective role of new agents and allogeneic HSCT in first complete remission still has to be assessed. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Children and Adolescents: Progress Through Effective Collaboration, Current Knowledge, and Challenges Ahead

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minard-Colin, Véronique; Brugières, Laurence; Reiter, Alfred; Cairo, Mitchell S.; Gross, Thomas G.; Woessmann, Wilhelm; Burkhardt, Birgit; Sandlund, John T.; Williams, Denise; Pillon, Marta; Horibe, Keizo; Auperin, Anne; Le Deley, Marie-Cécile; Zimmerman, Martin; Perkins, Sherrie L.; Raphael, Martine; Lamant, Laurence; Klapper, Wolfram; Mussolin, Lara; Poirel, Hélène A.; Macintyre, Elizabeth; Damm-Welk, Christine; Rosolen, Angelo; Patte, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the fourth most common malignancy in children, has an even higher incidence in adolescents, and is primarily represented by only a few histologic subtypes. Dramatic progress has been achieved, with survival rates exceeding 80%, in large part because of a better understanding of the biology of the different subtypes and national and international collaborations. Most patients with Burkitt lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma are cured with short intensive pulse chemotherapy containing cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, and high-dose methotrexate. The benefit of the addition of rituximab has not been established except in the case of primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma. Lymphoblastic lymphoma is treated with intensive, semi-continuous, longer leukemia-derived protocols. Relapses in B-cell and lymphoblastic lymphomas are rare and infrequently curable, even with intensive approaches. Event-free survival rates of approximately 75% have been achieved in anaplastic large-cell lymphomas with various regimens that generally include a short intensive B-like regimen. Immunity seems to play an important role in prognosis and needs further exploration to determine its therapeutic application. ALK inhibitor therapeutic approaches are currently under investigation. For all pediatric lymphomas, the intensity of induction/consolidation therapy correlates with acute toxicities, but because of low cumulative doses of anthracyclines and alkylating agents, minimal or no long-term toxicity is expected. Challenges that remain include defining the value of prognostic factors, such as early response on positron emission tomography/computed tomography and minimal disseminated and residual disease, using new biologic technologies to improve risk stratification, and developing innovative therapies, both in the first-line setting and for relapse. PMID:26304908

  19. [Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: Excellent results at the expense of the high toxicity of the treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baena-Gómez, M A; Mora Matilla, M; Lassaletta Atienza, A; Andión Catalán, M; Hernández Marqués, C; Madero López, L

    2015-06-01

    Lymphomas are the third malignancy in children, and within them non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) accounts for just 7% of cancers in children under 15 years old. Chemotherapy is currently the treatment of choice. The objective of this study is to analyze the toxicity caused by the treatment in pediatric patients diagnosed with NHL. A retrospective study was conducted on patients diagnosed with mature B-cell NHL, treated according to the LMB protocol 2001, from January 2007 to February 2014. Data concerning the diagnosis, treatment and toxicities that developed in the patients during the same period were collected. A total of 20 mature B-cell NHL cases were diagnosed: 16 Burkitt lymphomas, 2 diffuse large cell lymphomas and 2 mature leukemias. Almost two-thirds (65%) of patients were classified in a high grade stage (iii-iv) at diagnosis. Serious infectious processes, severe myelosuppression, liver abnormalities, and mucositis were the most frequent toxicities. Overall survival was 95% (19/20). One patient died of causes unrelated to the illness. Despite the excellent survival rate, most patients diagnosed with NHL mature B cells experience grade iii and iv toxicities during treatment. Copyright © 2014 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. A difficult case of Hodgkin Lymphoma with differential diagnosis of tuberculosis and sarcoidosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilüfer Göknar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available We report here the case of a 14-year-old boy with history of fever, weight loss, and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. The clinical symptoms and laboratory findings mimicking tuberculosis and sarcoidosis complicated the diagnostic process. He was diagnosed with Hodgkin’s lymphoma after several X-rays, computed tomography, positron emission tomography-computed tomography, laboratory tests and three lymph node biopsy. Clinicians should be alerted on new lesions and symptoms in high risk patients and should repeat diagnostic tests and lymph node biopsies as indicated.

  1. A Case of Cutaneous Plasmablastic Lymphoma in HIV/AIDS with Disseminated Cryptococcus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Gong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of a patient with HIV/AIDS who presented with a tender left lower extremity cutaneous mass over a site of previous cryptococcal infection and was found to have plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL. The incidence of PBL is estimated to account for less than 5% of all cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL in HIV-positive individuals. In fact, there were only two reports of extraoral PBL at the time of a 2003 review. PBL in HIV-positive individuals is an aggressive malignancy that tends to occur in middle-aged males with low CD4 counts, high viral loads, and chronic HIV infection. The definitive diagnosis can be made with biopsy which typically shows malignant lymphoid cells that stain positive for plasma cell markers and negative for B-cell markers. The most common treatment is chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP or CHOP-like regimens, but the overall survival rate is poor despite its relative responsiveness to chemotherapy. This case highlights the challenges that remain in improving clinical outcomes, the importance of antiretroviral therapy and HIV disease control, and a potential association between a chronic inflammatory state caused by disseminated Cryptococcus and tumorigenesis in individuals with PBL.

  2. Clinical and prognostic significance of aberrant T-cell marker expression in 225 cases of de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and 276 cases of other B-cell lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuyama, Naoko; Ennishi, Daisuke; Yokoyama, Masahiro; Baba, Satoko; Asaka, Reimi; Mishima, Yuko; Terui, Yasuhito; Hatake, Kiyohiko; Takeuchi, Kengo

    2017-01-01

    Expression of T-cell markers, generally investigated for immunophenotyping of T-cell lymphomas, is also observed in several types of B-cell lymphomas, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We previously reported that CD5 expression in DLBCL is an inferior prognostic factor in the era of rituximab. However, data regarding the frequencies, histological relevance, and prognostic importance of T-cell markers other than CD5 are currently unavailable. In the present study, we comprehensively evaluated the expression of T-cell markers (CD2, CD3, CD4, CD5, CD7, and CD8) in 501 B-cell lymphomas, including 225 DLBCLs, by flow cytometry and subsequent immunohistochemistry. T-cell markers other than CD5, such as CD2, CD4, CD7, and CD8, were expressed in 27 (5%) patients, and notably, all of these cases were classified as large B-cell lymphoma subtypes: 25 DLBCLs and 2 intravascular large B-cell lymphomas. CD5 and other T-cell markers were expressed in 15% (31/225) and 10% (25/225) of DLBCL cases, respectively. Five of them co-expressed CD5 and other T-cell markers. Retrospectively analyzing the prognostic relevance of T-cell markers in 169 patients with primary DLBCL treated with rituximab-based chemotherapy, we showed that only CD5 was a strong predictor of poor survival. This study provides information about the occurrence of T-cell markers other than CD5 in B-cell lymphomas, their frequent histological subtypes, and their prognostic significance in DLBCL. CD5 was reconfirmed as a negative prognostic marker in DLBCL patients receiving rituximab-inclusive chemotherapy, whereas T-cell markers other than CD5 were found to have no impact on clinicopathological and survival analyses. PMID:28380441

  3. Advances in the epidemiology of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and other lymphoid neoplasms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franceschi, S; Dal Maso, L; La Vecchia, C

    1999-11-12

    The spectrum of HIV-related lymphoid malignancies certainly includes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL; i.e., chiefly large-cell lymphoma and Burkitt's lymphoma), primary lymphoma of the brain (PBL) and, possibly, Hodgkin's disease (HD). Since the mid-1990s, several epidemiological studies have led to better quantification of the burden of lymphomas in HIV-infected populations. AIDS surveillance data from 17 western European countries show that between 1988 and 1997 a total of 7,148 AIDS cases had NHL as the AIDS-defining illness. The yearly number of cases rose steadily from 1988 to 1995 but declined thereafter. As a percentage of AIDS-defining illnesses, NHL increased from 3.6% in 1994 to 4.9% in 1997. Percent increases were observed in different strata by area, age group, sex and HIV-transmission group. To estimate relative risk (RR) of NHL and other lymphoid neoplasms in unselected HIV-seropositive populations, records of population-based cancer registries and AIDS registries were linked in the United States, Italy and Australia. RRs for NHL in adults with HIV/AIDS ranged between 14 (for low-grade NHL) to over 300 (for high-grade NHL). For HD, the RR was approximately 10. Limited findings from studies based on death certificates and cohorts of HIV-seropositive persons were consistent with those from registry linkage studies. In developing countries, the risk of HIV-associated NHL appears to be much lower than in developed countries, but under-ascertainment and earlier death from other AIDS manifestations may explain the lack of HIV-associated lymphomas in Africa. Copyright 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  4. Asymptomatic syringomyelia accompanied with metastatic cerebellar and spinal intramedullary lymphoma: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jia-Jia; Xu, Jin-Feng; Zheng, Xu-Ning; Peng, Guo-Ping

    2017-11-01

    Asympotamic syringomyelia accompanied with metastatic cerebellar and thoracic spinal intramedullary lymphoma is rare in clinical practice. If the intramedullary lymphoma is large enough, the patient will rapidly develop neurologic signs of spinal injury. The prognosis of this type of complication is always bad. Rapid and correct diagnosis and treatment is important for metastatic extranodal lymphoma with B cell of origin. Syringomyelia accompanied with metastatic cerebellar and thoracic spinal intramedullary lymphoma. The patient was treated with a combination of systemic chemotherapy and focal radiotherapy and intrathecal therapy. Resolution of metastatic lymphoma was not continued after conservative medical management and the patient died finally due to multiple organ failure. Syringomyelia can develop due to the metastatic thoracic intramedullary lymphoma in patients with diffuse malignant large B cell lymphoma. Early and accurate diagnosis, anti-lymphoma treatment, and timely neurosurgical intervention may delay the development of the disease.

  5. Treatment decisions in a man with Hodgkin lymphoma and Guillian-Barré syndrome: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Caren L; Yorio, Jeffrey T; Kovitz, Craig; Oki, Yasuhiro

    2014-12-21

    Guillain-Barre syndrome, or acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, has been described in the presence of malignancies such as lymphoma. Guillain-Barre syndrome/acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy causes paresthesias and weakness, which can make the treatment of lymphoma with chemotherapy challenging. Given the rarity of this co-presentation it is not known if the effects of Guillain-Barre syndrome should be considered when selecting a treatment regimen for Hodgkin lymphoma. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of these treatment modifications has not been previously reported. We report the case of a 37-year-old Caucasian man with a diagnosis of stage IIB classical Hodgkin lymphoma with concomitant Guillain-Barre syndrome. Our patient originally presented with an enlarged cervical lymph node and quickly developed distal paresthesia and progressive weakness of all four extremities. He was diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma and initiated on treatment with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine. Doses of bleomycin and vinblastine were held or dose-reduced throughout his initial treatment course due to underlying neuropathy and dyspnea. He continued to have persistent disease after five cycles of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine and went on to receive salvage treatments including more chemotherapy, radiation, autologous stem cell transplant and is currently preparing for an allogeneic stem cell transplant. Paraneoplastic syndromes such as Guillain-Barre syndrome/acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy can make the treatment of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma more challenging and can interfere with delivering full-dose chemotherapy. Further case series are needed to evaluate the effect that paraneoplastic syndromes, or adjustments made in therapy due to these syndromes, negatively affect the prognosis of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma.

  6. Metastatic Mantle Cell Lymphoma to the Pituitary Gland: Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur Wang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We present an unusual case of a metastatic mantle cell lymphoma (MCL to the pituitary gland. The patient had a known history of MCL for which she previously received chemotherapy. She presented with new-onset diplopia and confusion, and reported a history of progressive vision blurriness associated with headache, nausea, and vomiting. MRI of the brain showed an enhancing lesion within the sella turcica involving the cavernous sinuses bilaterally, extending into Meckel's cave on the left, and abutting the optic nerves bilaterally. Following surgical excision, histopathology revealed the tumor to be a MCL. Metastatic pituitary tumors are rare and have been estimated to make up 1% of tumors discovered in the sellar region. The two most common secondary metastatic lesions to the sella are breast and lung carcinoma followed by prostate, renal cell, and gastrointestinal carcinoma. Metastatic lymphoma to the pituitary gland is especially rare and is estimated to constitute 0.5% of all metastatic tumors to the sella turcica. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of MCL metastasizing to the pituitary gland.

  7. Three Cases of Combined Therapy in Primary Breast Lymphoma (PBL) with Successful Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inic, Zorka; Inic, Momcilo; Zegarac, Milan; Inic, Ivana; Pupic, Gordana

    2013-01-01

    Primary malignant lymphoma of the breast is a rare tumor, defined as a tumor localized in the breast with or without axillary lymph-node metastases. Such a tumor is mainly found in female patients and located more frequently in the right breast. It is difficult to make primary breast lymphoma (PBL) diagnosis before operation, and PBL diagnosis is mainly based on pathological biopsy and immunohistochemical staining. In this paper, the cases of three patients who had PBL, and who were treated for it at the Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia between 2008 and 2012, are reviewed and discussed. These cases of PBL had no recorded reoccurrence of the disease and were originally treated by surgery, radiotherapy R-CHOP, and/or chemotherapy. While there is no consensus to the question of how to best treat PBL (ie, with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or combined therapy), it is hoped that this review will offer insight into successful treatment procedures for tumors of this category.

  8. Membrane-associated signaling in human B-lymphoma lines

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    Tauzin, Sebastien; Ding, Heidrun; Burdevet, Dimitri [Department of Pathology and Immunology, Centre medical universitaire, 1, rue Michel-Servet, 1211 Geneva 11 (Switzerland); Borisch, Bettina [Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Centre medical universitaire, 1, rue Michel-Servet, 1211 Geneva 11 (Switzerland); Hoessli, Daniel C., E-mail: danielhoessli@gmail.com [Department of Pathology and Immunology, Centre medical universitaire, 1, rue Michel-Servet, 1211 Geneva 11 (Switzerland)

    2011-01-15

    In B-non-Hodgkin lymphomas, Lyn and Cbp/PAG constitute the core of an oncogenic signalosome that captures the Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, the Spleen tyrosine kinase and the Signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 to generate pro-survival and proliferative signals. Lymphoma lines corresponding to follicular, mantle-cell and Burkitt-derived lymphomas display type-specific signalosome organizations that differentially activate PI3K, Syk and STAT3. In the follicular lymphoma line, PI3K, Syk and STAT3 were optimally activated upon association with the Lyn-Cbp/PAG signalosome, while in the Burkitt lymphoma-derived line, the association with Cbp/PAG and activation of PI3K were interfered with by the latent membrane proteins encoded by the Epstein-Barr virus. In the Jeko-1 mantle-cell line, a weak association of Syk with the Lyn-Cbp/PAG signalosome resulted in poor activation of Syk, but in those cells, as in the follicular and Burkitt-derived lines, efficient apoptosis induction by the Syk inhibitor R406 indicated that Syk is nonetheless an important prosurvival element and therefore a valuable therapeutic target. In all configurations described herein is the Lyn-Cbp/PAG signalosome independent of external signals and provides efficient means of activation for its associated lipid and protein kinases. In follicular and Burkitt-derived lines, Syk appears to be activated following binding to Cbp/PAG and no longer requires B-cell receptor-associated activation motifs for activation. Assessment of the different modalities of Lyn-Cbp/PAG signalosome organization could help in selecting the appropriate combination of kinase inhibitors to eliminate a particular type of lymphoma cells.

  9. A Rare Case of Gastric Variceal Hemorrhage Secondary to Infiltrative B-Cell Lymphoma

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    Adrienne Lenhart

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Portal hypertension commonly arises in the setting of advanced liver cirrhosis and is the consequence of increased resistance within the portal vasculature. Less commonly, left-sided noncirrhotic portal hypertension can develop in a patient secondary to isolated obstruction of the splenic vein. We present a rare case of left-sided portal hypertension and isolated gastric varices in a patient with large B-cell lymphoma, who was treated with splenic artery embolization. The patient is a 73-year-old male with no previous history of liver disease, who presented with coffee ground emesis and melena. On admission to hospital, he was found to have a hemoglobin level of 3.4 g/l. Emergent esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed isolated bleeding gastric varices (IGV1 by Sarin classification in the fundus and cardia with subsequent argon plasma coagulation injection. He was transferred to our tertiary center where work-up revealed normal liver function tests, and abdominal ultrasound showed patent hepatic/portal vasculature without cirrhosis. MRI demonstrated a large heterogeneously enhancing mass in the pancreatic tail, with invasion into the spleen and associated splenic vein thrombosis. Surgery consultation was obtained, but urgent splenectomy was not recommended. The patient instead underwent splenic artery embolization to prevent future bleeding from his known gastric varices. Pathology from a CT-guided biopsy was consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. PET imaging showed uptake in the splenic hilum/pancreatic tail region with no additional metastatic involvement. He was evaluated by the Hematology Department to initiate R-CHOP chemotherapy. During his outpatient follow-up, he reported no further episodes of melena or hematemesis. To the best of our knowledge, there have only been two published case reports of large B-cell lymphoma causing upper gastrointestinal bleeding from isolated gastric varices. These cases were treated with splenectomy or

  10. Rectal lymphoma: report of a rare case and review of literature.

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    Jalall Vahedian Ardakani

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Colorectal lymphoma is an extremely rare disease, representing less than 0.5% of all primary colorectal neoplasms. The disease is usually diagnosed in the advanced stages because of its primary non-specific symptoms. The most common involved site is cecum followed by rectum and ascending colon. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is a more frequent subtype. Although surgical resection is often technically feasible, optimal therapy for a colorectal lymphoma, especially rectal lymphoma, has not yet been identified. The authors describe a patient with the primary rectal lymphoma, high-grade features and complete response to chemotherapy.

  11. Intravascular pulmonary lymphoma with good response to treatment. A case report

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    M. Felizardo

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Intravascular lymphoma is a very rare form of large B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, characterised by the presence of lymphoma cells in the lumina of small vessels only, particulary in the capillaries. We report a 54 year-old female non-smoker, admitted to hospital for further examination of a four month long clinical condition involving high fever, night sweats, unqualified weight loss and progressive dyspnea. Patient's temperature was 38.5 °C, pulse 100/min and respiratory 22 cycles/min.Patient's haemoglobin was 9.4 g/dL, she had leukocytosis, elevated LDH and arterial blood gas analysis with moderate hypoxaemia (FiO2 1l/m: PaO2-63.6 mm Hg. Chest X-ray revealed diffuse interstitial changes. All the possible causes of unknown origin fever were excluded.Diagnosis was made through lung biopsy and treatment with combined chemotherapy and rituximab was prescribed leading to a 48 hours clinical remission. We present this case to show how difficult this diagnosis can be and how a good response to therapy is possible. Resumo: O linfoma intravascular é uma forma muito rara de linfoma não Hodgkin de células grandes B. Caracteriza-se pela proliferação celular tumoral de linfócitos limitada aos pequenos vasos, particularmente nos capilares. Apresentamos o caso de uma doente de 54 anos, não fumadora, que foi admitida no nosso hospital para investigação de um quadro com quatro meses de evolução de febre, sudorese nocturna, ema-grecimento não quantificado e dispneia progressiva. Ao exame objectivo apresentava-se febril, taquicárdica e polipneica. Analiticamente, destacava-se anemia, leucocitose e LDH elevada. Gasometria arterial - FiO2 1 l/m: PaO2-63,6 mm Hg. A telerradiografia de tórax revelava infiltado intersticial difuso. Foram excluídas todas as causas de febre de origem indeterminada. O diagnóstico foi realizado por biópsia pulmonar cirúrgica e foi prescrita terapêutica citostática combinada e rituximab com boa resposta cl

  12. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and atypical neck pain: A case report.

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    Rojas, Natividad; Fernandes, Carlos; Conde, Montse; Montala, Nuria; Fornos, Xavier; Rosselló, Lluís; Pallisó, Francésc

    2017-06-14

    Neck pain is a common reason for seeking medical attention. It affects at least 15% of the labor force and up to 40% of individuals whose occupation is hazardous. On the other hand, primary bone lymphoma is a very rare disease (less than 1% of all malignant bone tumors), and the relationship between the 2 has rarely been mentioned. We report the case of a patient who had a 1-month history of neck pain. The main symptom was pain on palpation of C2-C6 cervical spinous processes and contracture of the trapezius muscle that did not cease with conventional treatment. Imaging studies indicated an abnormality. He underwent surgery and the results of vertebral biopsy were compatible with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. He was treated with radiotherapy with a good outcome. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología. All rights reserved.

  13. Cerebral lymphoma and HIV encephalitis in a case of paediatric AIDS, with pre-existing multicystic encephalomalacia.

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    Keohane, C; Robain, O; Ponsot, G; Gray, F

    1991-06-01

    A case of intracerebral malignant B cell lymphoma associated with encephalitis typical of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is described in a 4 year old child, with post-transfusion Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and severe pre-existing cystic encephalomalacia. This report further documents B cell lymphoma as the commonest cause of an intracerebral mass, and an important cause of death in paediatric AIDS. That more than one pathological process may be responsible for neurological symptoms in paediatric AIDS is also emphasised.

  14. Case Report: Epstein-Barr-Virus negative diffuse large B-cell lymphoma detected in a peri-prosthetic membrane.

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    Sunitsch, Sandra; Gilg, Magdalena; Kashofer, Karl; Leithner, Andreas; Liegl-Atzwanger, Bernadette; Beham-Schmid, Christine

    2016-08-18

    Primary bone lymphomas (PBL) are extremely rare malignant neoplasms. The most commonly described subtype of PBL is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). DLBCL within peri-prosthetic membrane of a joint is exceedingly rare. To the best of our knowledge this case is the second reported Epstein-Bar-Virus (EBV) negative DLBCL in a peri-prosthetic membrane in the literature. We report an 80 year old female patient who developed a DLBCL with chronic inflammation in association to a metallic implant in the left knee. This lymphoma in contrast to the usually described DLBCL in the peri-prosthetic membrane was EBV negative by EBER in situ hybridization as well as by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This report challenges the concept of DLBCL associated with chronic inflammation and raises the question of other pathogenetic factors involved in the pathogenesis of this rare disease.

  15. Celiac disease and fulminant T lymphoma detected too late in a 35-year-old female patient: Case report

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    Marinko Marušić

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Celiac disease is the most common chronic gastroenterological autoimmune disease characterized by gluten intolerance. The diagnosis of celiac disease and enteropathy-associated T cell lymphoma is often made when it is too late.Case report describes a 35-year-old female patient managed for one year under the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease and admitted to our hospital for exacerbation of the underlying disease. However, inflammatory bowel disease was ruled out by diagnostic work-up, while the clinical picture and the findings obtained raised suspicion of lymphoma. The patient’s condition was additionally complicated by fulminant course of the disease and ileus.Conclusion:Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of the disease, and follow up of family members are crucial to prevent intestinal lymphoma development.

  16. Medial rectus muscle myositis as an atypical presentation of mucosa-associated lymphatic tissue lymphoma: a case report

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    Juliana Sá Freire Medrado Dias

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Here we describe the rare case of a 55-year-old man with medial rectus muscle myositis as an atypical presentation of non-Hodgkin B-cell mucosa-associated lymphoma (MALT. Pathology and immunohistochemistry of the affected muscle confirmed the diagnosis of a neoplasm. The primary etiology of orbital myositis is Graves' ophthalmopathy, but several other diseases may cause this clinical presentation. Therefore, the neoplastic causes must be eliminated from the differential diagnoses. non-Hodgkin B-cell mucosa-associated lymphoma is the most common histological type of lymphoma in the orbit, with the conjunctiva and lacrimal glands being the most commonly affected sites. However, it may also present in atypical forms involving others sites and tissues.

  17. A rare case of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma in the setting of a newly diagnosed left atrial myxoma

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    Bolanos, Alexander Javier; Dibu, George; Burke, Floyd W; Klodell, Charles T; Li, Ying; Rand, Kenneth H; Lucas, Alexandra Rose

    2015-01-01

    We report a rare case of left atrial myxoma with concomitant classical Hodgkin's lymphoma in a 36-year-old woman with a non-significant medical history and 4 months of progressively worsening palpitations, dyspnoea on exertion, chest discomfort and fatigue. Outpatient echocardiography revealed functional mitral valve stenosis as a result of a large left atrial cardiac mass. Preoperative thoracic imaging revealed an anterior mediastinal mass with associated lymphadenopathy. The patient underwent successful resection of the anterior mediastinal mass and left atrial mass. Surgical pathology revealed myxoma in the left atrium and classical Hodgkin's lymphoma in the anterior mediastinum. Thus the patient was diagnosed with early-stage classical Hodgkin's lymphoma. This clinical vignette emphasises the importance of a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation in the setting of a newly discovered atrial tumour. PMID:26516250

  18. Mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma presenting within a solitary anti-mesenteric dilated segment of ileum: a case report

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    Storey Rowland

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma is the third most common non-Hodgkin's lymphoma subtype. Clinical presentation is often insidious as a low-grade lesion and disease tends to remain localised for a long period of time. Ileal involvement is rare and presentation within an area of focal anti-mesenteric ileal wall dilation simulating a large diverticulum has not been reported. Case presentation A 59-year-old man of Caucasian origin presented to a general surgical outpatients clinic with an 18-month history of intermittent upper abdominal pain following meals. Following normal gastroscopy and abdominal ultrasound, a focally dilated segment of ileum was seen on computed tomography and further clarified by barium investigation. Histology of this segment demonstrated MALT lymphoma of the small bowel. Conclusion A solitary focally dilated segment of ileal wall may be neoplastic in nature and surgical resection needs to be considered.

  19. Grey zone lymphoma with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and classical Hodgkin lymphoma: a clinicopathological study of 14 Epstein-Barr virus-positive cases.

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    Elsayed, Ahmed A; Satou, Akira; Eladl, Ahmed E; Kato, Seiichi; Nakamura, Shigeo; Asano, Naoko

    2017-03-01

    To investigate the clinicopathological features of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive grey zone lymphoma (GZL) with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL). We investigated the clinicopathological features of 14 cases of EBV-positive GZL in Japan. The control group included 173 cases of EBV-positive CHL and 64 cases of EBV-positive DLBCL of the elderly (polymorphous type). The patients were 10 men and four women with a median age of 62 years. Twelve patients (86%) had advanced clinical stage, 11 (79%) had B-symptoms, eight (57%) had mediastinal disease, 10 (71%) had elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels, and five (36%) had thrombocytopenia. All cases had CHL-like morphology but strongly expressed at least one B-cell marker. The neoplastic cells were Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg-like cells, but with a large number of mononuclear variants. EBV-positive GZL patients were more significantly more likely than EBV-positive CHL patients to have advanced clinical stage (P = 0.023), presence of B-symptoms (P = 0.011), elevated serum LDH levels (P = 0.047), thrombocytopenia (P = 0.042), and mediastinal involvement (P = 0.023). The progression-free survival (PFS) of EBV-positive GZL patients was significantly poorer than that of EBV-positive CHL patients (P = 0.043) but no difference from EBV-positive DLBCL patients was observed (P = 0.367). EBV-positive GZL patients have significantly worse PFS than EBV-positive CHL patients, and are significantly more likely to have adverse clinical parameters such as advanced clinical stage, presence of B-symptoms, and thrombocytopenia. Further studies are needed to better characterize this entity, which may require the development of innovative therapeutic strategies. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. A case of composite classical and nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma with progression to diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma: Diagnostic difficulty in fine-needle aspiration cytology.

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    Das, Dilip K; Sheikh, Zafar A; Al-Shama'a, Mariam H; John, Bency; Alawi, Abdulla M S; Junaid, Thamradeen A

    2017-03-01

    A small percentage of nodular lymphocytic predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) progresses to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). There have also been rare reports of gray zone lymphoma with features intermediate between classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) and DLBCL. We report a very rare case of composite lymphoma (CHL and NLPHL) progressing to DLBCL, and highlight the diagnostic difficulty faced during its fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology diagnosis. A 65-year-old woman presented with a right axillary swelling which was subjected to FNA cytology. The routine FNA cytology diagnosis was anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) but immunocytochemistry did not support this diagnosis completely. The histopathological diagnosis of the excised lymph node was NLPHL with progression to DLBCL in our hospital but in a hospital abroad where the patient was treated, the reviewed diagnosis was CHL. The patient had a rapid downhill course with development of terminal pleural effusion and died approximately one year from initial diagnosis.The review of the cyto-histologic material along with additional immunocyto/histochemical studies and the clinical course of the disease support the diagnosis of a composite lymphoma (CHL and NLPHL) with progression to DLBCL. It is suggested that all the three lesions were clonally related. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2017;45:262-266. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Primary malignant lymphoma of the uterus and broad ligament: a case report and review of literature

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    Chen R

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Runzhe Chen, Zhengping Yu, Hongming Zhang, Jiahua Ding, Baoan Chen Department of Hematology and Oncology (Key Department of Jiangsu Medicine, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Primary malignant lymphoma of the uterus and broad ligament is rare. Here, we present a rare case of primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL of uterus and broad ligament in a 63-year-old female. The patient presenting with lower abdominal distention was referred to our hospital. Subsequent abdominal and pelvic ultrasound revealed the presence of a large mass, which was highly suspected as subserosal uterine leiomyoma. A large tumor was found with unclear boundary with right posterior wall, broad ligament and bilateral adnexa during surgery. Her uterus and the tumor of a broad ligament and bilateral adnexa were all excised as a result. Postoperative pathological examination showed DLBCL in uterus and broad ligament. Further examinations excluded metastatic diseases, which supported the diagnosis of primary DLBCL of the uterus and broad ligament. The patient received six cycles of R-CHOP (21 days regimen. During the 8 months follow-up, no evidence of disease recurrence was identified. As the prevalence of primary extranodal lymphoma is increasing, the details of this rare case may highlight the importance and facilitate treatment of similar diseases. A summary focusing on the presentation and prognosis as well as a review of current management is also discussed. Keywords: diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, primary uterine and broad ligament lymphoma, extranodal lymphoma, diagnosis, therapy

  2. Aggressive B-cell lymphomas: how many categories do we need?

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    Said, Jonathan W

    2015-01-01

    Aggressive B-cell lymphomas are diverse group of neoplasms that arise at different stages of B-cell development and by various mechanisms of neoplastic transformation. The aggressive B-cell lymphomas include many types, subtypes and variants of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), Burkitt lymphoma (BL), mantle cell lymphoma and its blastoid variant, and B lymphoblastic lymphoma. Differences in histology, cytogenetic and molecular abnormalities, as well as the relationship with the tumor microenvironment, help define characteristic signatures for these neoplasms, and in turn dictate potential therapeutic targets. Rather than survey the entire spectrum of aggressive B-cell lymphomas, this report aims to identify and characterize important clinically aggressive subtypes of DLBCL, and explore the relationship of DLBCL to BL and the gray zone between them (B-cell lymphoma unclassifiable with features intermediate between DLBCL and BL). PMID:23154748

  3. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified: a report of 340 cases from the International Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma Project.

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    Weisenburger, Dennis D; Savage, Kerry J; Harris, Nancy Lee; Gascoyne, Randy D; Jaffe, Elaine S; MacLennan, Kenneth A; Rüdiger, Thomas; Pileri, Stefano; Nakamura, Shigeo; Nathwani, Bharat; Campo, Elias; Berger, Francoise; Coiffier, Bertrand; Kim, Won-Seog; Holte, Harald; Federico, Massimo; Au, Wing Y; Tobinai, Kensei; Armitage, James O; Vose, Julie M

    2011-03-24

    The International Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma Project is a collaborative effort to better understand peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). A total of 22 institutions submitted clinical and pathologic material on 1314 cases. One objective was to analyze the clinical and pathologic features of 340 cases of PTCL, not otherwise specified. The median age of the patients was 60 years, and the majority (69%) presented with advanced stage disease. Most patients (87%) presented with nodal disease, but extranodal disease was present in 62%. The 5-year overall survival was 32%, and the 5-year failure-free survival was only 20%. The majority of patients (80%) were treated with combination chemotherapy that included an anthracycline, but there was no survival advantage. The International Prognostic Index (IPI) was predictive of both overall survival and failure-free survival (P 70%) as adverse predictors of survival, but only the latter was significant in final analysis. Thus, the IPI and a single pathologic feature could be used to stratify patients with PTCL-not otherwise specified for novel and risk-adapted therapies.

  4. The mTORC1 inhibitor everolimus prevents and treats Eμ-Myc lymphoma by restoring oncogene-induced senescence.

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    Wall, Meaghan; Poortinga, Gretchen; Stanley, Kym L; Lindemann, Ralph K; Bots, Michael; Chan, Christopher J; Bywater, Megan J; Kinross, Kathryn M; Astle, Megan V; Waldeck, Kelly; Hannan, Katherine M; Shortt, Jake; Smyth, Mark J; Lowe, Scott W; Hannan, Ross D; Pearson, Richard B; Johnstone, Ricky W; McArthur, Grant A

    2013-01-01

    MYC deregulation is common in human cancer. IG-MYC translocations that are modeled in Eμ-Myc mice occur in almost all cases of Burkitt lymphoma as well as in other B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. Deregulated expression of MYC results in increased mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling. As tumors with mTORC1 activation are sensitive to mTORC1 inhibition, we used everolimus, a potent and specific mTORC1 inhibitor, to test the requirement for mTORC1 in the initiation and maintenance of Eμ-Myc lymphoma. Everolimus selectively cleared premalignant B cells from the bone marrow and spleen, restored a normal pattern of B-cell differentiation, and strongly protected against lymphoma development. Established Eμ-Myc lymphoma also regressed after everolimus therapy. Therapeutic response correlated with a cellular senescence phenotype and induction of p53 activity. Therefore, mTORC1-dependent evasion of senescence is critical for cellular transformation and tumor maintenance by MYC in B lymphocytes. This work provides novel insights into the requirements for MYC-induced oncogenesis by showing that mTORC1 activity is necessary to bypass senescence during transformation of B lymphocytes. Furthermore, tumor eradication through senescence elicited by targeted inhibition of mTORC1 identifies a previously uncharacterized mechanism responsible for significant anticancer activity of rapamycin analogues and serves as proof-of-concept that senescence can be harnessed for therapeutic benefit

  5. Clinical Applications of the Genomic Landscape of Aggressive Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma.

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    Moffitt, Andrea B; Dave, Sandeep S

    2017-03-20

    In this review, we examine the genomic landscapes of lymphomas that arise from B, T, and natural killer cells. Lymphomas represent a striking spectrum of clinical behaviors. Although some lymphomas are curable with standard therapy, the majority of the affected patients succumb to their disease. Here, the genetic underpinnings of these heterogeneous entities are reviewed. We consider B-cell lymphomas, including Burkitt lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma. We also examine T-cell lymphomas, including anaplastic large-cell lymphoma, angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, and other peripheral T-cell lymphomas. Together, these malignancies make up most lymphomas diagnosed around the world. Genomic technologies, including microarrays and next-generation sequencing, have enabled a better understanding of the molecular underpinnings of these cancers. We describe the broad genomics findings that characterize these lymphoma types and discuss new therapeutic opportunities that arise from these findings.

  6. Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Presenting as Constrictive Pericarditis: A Rare Case Report

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    Maryam Nabati

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Constrictive pericarditis (CP is an uncommon post inflammatory disorder. It is described as pericardial thickening, myocardial constriction, and impaired diastolic filling. The most common etiologies are idiopathy, mediastinal radiotherapy, and prior cardiac surgery. Less common etiologies include viral infections, collagen vascular disorders, renal failure, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and blunt chest trauma. CP can less commonly be caused by malignancy. We report a very rare case of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL presenting twice with attacks of decompensated heart failure. Echocardiography revealed that CP was responsible for the patient's symptoms as the first manifestation of NHL. Chest computed tomography scan and biopsy findings were compatible with the diagnosis of NHL. The patient received R-CHOP (cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, Oncovin®, and prednisone or prednisolone, combined with the monoclonal antibody rituximab chemotherapy. Three months later, there was significant improvement in the patient’s symptoms and considerable decrease in pericardial thickness.

  7. Disseminated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma presenting as bilateral salivary gland enlargement: a case report

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    Revanappa, Manjunatha M. [Dept. of Oral Medicine and Radiology, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere (India); Sattur, Atul P.; Naikmasur, Venkatesh G. [Dept. of Oral Medicine and Radiology, SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad (India); Thakur, Arpita Rai [Dept. of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Jamia Milia Islamia University, New Delhi (India)

    2013-03-15

    Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) constitutes a group of malignancies those arises from cellular components of lymphoid or extranodal tissues. The head and neck is the most common area for the presentation of these lymphoproliferative disorders. Primary involvement of salivary glands is uncommon. This report described a case of a 73-year-old female patient who presented with involvement of both nodal and extranodal sites, with predominant involvement of salivary glands. The tumor staging worked up along with imaging, histopathological, and immunohistochemical findings were discussed. Computed tomographic images showed the involvement of Waldeyer's ring, larynx, orbit, and spleen. This report described imaging and prognostic tumor markers in diagnosing, treatment planning, and prognosis.

  8. Unusual presentation of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: Case report and review of literature.

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    Shaikh, Abubakar Badshaha; Waghmare, Sneha; Koshti-Khude, Supriya; Koshy, Ajit Vergese

    2016-01-01

    The non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHLs) is a diverse group of lymphoid neoplasms, prevalence of which increased since three decades. NHL is diverse in the manner of presentation, response to various treatment and prognosis. NHL usually involves not only lymph nodes but also extranodal sites. Usually, oral manifestation of NHL is secondary to the widespread involvement throughout the body. Oral NHL is relatively rare and difficult to diagnose in clinical setting as it presents as local swelling, pain, discomfort and mimics pyogenic granuloma, periodontal disease, osteomyelitis and other malignancies. Sometimes, oral lesion may present as the early disease (primary site). Careful evaluation of patient and proper investigations is required for correct diagnosis so that patient will receive the treatment in early stage which has a good prognosis. Here, we are presenting the case of low-grade B-cell NHL of palate of a 92-year-old man.

  9. Polyarthritis and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis as paraneoplastic manifestation of Hodgkin's lymphoma: A case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erlij, Daniel; Calderón, Beatriz; Rivera, Angela; Mella, Cristián; Valladares, Ximena; Roessler, Emilio; Rivera, María Teresa; Méndez, Gonzalo

    2016-01-01

    Paraneoplastic syndromes can be presented in multiple ways, which include endocrinological, hematologic, rheumatologic and nephrologic manifestations. While most of the publications described solid tumors as responsible for these manifestations, hematologic neoplasms are important cause to consider as part of the differential diagnosis. We report the case of a 46 year-old man with seronegative symmetric polyarthritis of large and small joints associated with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis with deposits of immune complexes and acute impairment of renal function, as part of a paraneoplastic syndrome secondary of a classical Hodgkin lymphoma with bone marrow invasion, which reversed completely with chemotherapy treatment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología. All rights reserved.

  10. Denis Parsons Burkitt CMG, MD, DSc, FRS, FRCS, FTCD (1911-93) Irish by birth, Trinity by the grace of God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Owen

    2012-03-01

    Denis Parsons Burkitt, surgeon and research scientist, is a household name in the medical profession. Denis received his BA in 1933 and graduated as a physician in 1935 from Trinity College, Dublin. After serving as a surgeon in the Royal Army Medicine Corps during World War II, he worked as a surgeon and lecturer in Africa. It was in Africa that he developed exceptional observational and analytical skills, which led him to identify and formally develop a successful treatment for a childhood cancer that is now called Burkitt Lymphoma. The influence of Christianity in his life was huge. Throughout his life he remained extremely modest, attributing much of what he had achieved to the work of others. Denis's contributions to haemato-oncology remain salient today, and his discoveries continue to generate new research. Throughout his career he received some of the highest scientific honours from many different countries across the globe. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  11. Double-hit lymphomas: clinical, morphological, immunohistochemical and cytogenetic study in a series of Brazilian patients with high-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Cristiano Claudino; Maciel-Guerra, Helena; Kucko, Luan; Hirama, Eric Jun; Brilhante, Américo Delgado; Quevedo, Francisco Carlos; da Cunha, Isabela Werneck; Soares, Fernando Augusto; Niero-Melo, Ligia; Dos Reis, Patrícia Pintor; Domingues, Maria Aparecida Custodio

    2017-01-07

    Double-hit lymphomas (DHL) are rare high-grade neoplasms characterized by two translocations: one involving the gene MYC and another involving genes BCL2 or BCL6, whose diagnosis depends on cytogenetic examination. This research studied DHL and morphological and/or immunophenotypic factors associated with the detection of these translocations in a group of high-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases. Clinical and morphological reviews of 120 cases diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma were conducted. Immunohistochemistry (CD20, CD79a, PAX5, CD10, Bcl6, Bcl2, MUM1, TDT and Myc) and fluorescence in situ hybridization for detection of MYC, BCL2 and BCL6 gene translocations were performed in a tissue microarray platform. Three cases of DHL were detected: two with translocations of MYC and BCL2 and one with translocations of MYC and BCL6, all leading to death in less than six months. Among 90 cytogenetically evaluable biopsies, associations were determined between immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization for MYC (p = 0.036) and BCL2 (p = 0.001). However, these showed only regular agreement, indicated by Kappa values of 0.23 [0.0;0.49] and 0.35 [0.13;0.56], respectively. "Starry sky" morphology was strongly associated with MYC positivity (p = 0.01). The detection of three cases of DHL, all resulting in death, confirms the rarity and aggressiveness of this neoplasm. The "starry sky" morphological pattern and immunohistochemical expression of Myc and Bcl2 represent possible selection factors for additional cytogenetic diagnostic testing.

  12. Severe hypophosphatemia induced after first cycle of the ESHAP protocol for Hodgkin's lymphoma: a case report

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    Al Yafei S

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Shereen Elazzazy,1 Hager A El-Geed,2 Sumaya Al Yafei11Pharmacy Department, National Center for Cancer Care and Research, Hamad Medical Corporation, 2College of Pharmacy, Qatar University, Doha, QatarAbstract: The effect of the ESHAP (etoposide, methylprednisolone, cytarabine, cisplatin salvage protocol on serum electrolytes has been previously reported by individual observational studies. The most commonly described electrolyte affected by the ESHAP protocol is magnesium. In addition, hypophosphatemia has been studied and reported as a complication of cisplatin therapy, although it is usually asymptomatic. This is a case report of a 51-year-old woman with relapsed Hodgkin's lymphoma who developed severe hypophosphatemia following administration of the first cycle of the ESHAP protocol. The patient started to develop gradually decreasing phosphate levels 2 weeks after receiving chemotherapy, which needed to be corrected by phosphate supplementation. This case report raises concern regarding hypophosphatemia as a possible side effect of the ESHAP protocol and points to a need for close monitoring, taking into consideration vitamin D levels, urinary phosphate excretion, parathyroid hormone levels, and arterial blood gas analysis to rule out other contributing factors. Health care providers should be made aware of this possible toxicity. Critical monitoring of phosphate levels and considering supplementation is warranted with the ESHAP protocol, especially when it is used in combination with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and diuretics, to prevent such possible hypophosphatemia. Further investigations may be required to confirm and evaluate the significance of this type of toxicity.Keywords: hypophosphatemia, ESHAP, salvage protocol, relapsed Hodgkin's lymphoma

  13. Treatment and long-term follow-up of primary CNS classical Hodgkin's lymphoma – A case report and review of the literature

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    Paul A. Szelemej

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Unlike non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, central nervous system involvement with classical Hodgkin's lymphoma is exceedingly rare, thus information regarding treatment and prognostication of the disease is lacking. We present the case of a 47 year old female who presented with a left parietal dural-based lesion which proved to be Stage IE primary CNS classical Hodgkin's lymphoma. After surgery and whole brain radiation therapy, the patient has remained in complete remission over nine years. Despite the dearth of information available regarding CNS Hodgkin's lymphoma, our case is consistent with the findings in the literature that long-term survival is possible in patients achieving a complete response to treatment, especially in those patients who present with sole CNS involvement. To our knowledge, this represents the longest reported survival in the literature and contributes to our understanding of prognosis in patients with CNS Hodgkin's lymphoma.

  14. Clinical impact of metformin in diabetic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkhatib, Yaser; Abdel Rahman, Zaid; Kuriakose, Philip

    2017-05-01

    Molecular studies have shown metformin to have a promising effect in lymphoma; however, there is lack of studies translating this effect into clinical settings. This was a case-control study to assess the clinical effect of metformin in diabetic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Case subjects were diabetic on metformin with a new diagnosis of DLBCL. A total of 24 case subjects were identified, and for each case a control was matched. Outcomes of this study were to assess overall response rate, complete remission rate, progression free survival, and overall survival between the two groups. There was a significant increase in overall response rate, complete remission rate, and improved progression free survival in the metformin group compared to the control group, however, no significant overall survival difference was observed. Metformin use might be associated with an improved response rates and progression-free survival in diabetic DLBCL patients.

  15. Primary rare anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK positive in small intestine: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Qinghua; Liu, Fang; Li, Shurong; Liu, Ni; Li, Lihui; Li, Changzhao; Peng, Tingsheng

    2016-09-09

    Primary anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK positive in small intestine is clinically rare and the clinical, radiological and pathological information are generally not available. Here, we report a case of 32-year-old male with ALK positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma at the junction of jejunum and ileum, and highlight the clinicopathological features and the differential diagnosis of this type lymphoma. The patient presented with right middle abdominal mass for 1 month with sporadic pain. Computed tomography (CT) showed a mass measured 8.5 × 7.4 × 4 cm at the junction of jejunum and ileum. The diagnosis was made after pathological examination of the excised tissue by enterectomy. Grossly, the mass was located predominately in intestinal wall with grayish appearance and blurry boundary. Microscopically, almost all layers of the intestinal wall were infiltrated by pleomorphic tumor cells with diffuse and cohesive growth pattern. The neoplastic cells were mainly medium to large size with moderate basophilic cytoplasm. Most of them had hyperchromatic nuclei and prominent nucleoli. "Hallmark" cells were easily detected. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells are characterized by CD30, ALK, CD5, TIA-1, Granzyme B, EMA positive staining, and CD2, CD3, CD7, CD4, CD8, CD20, CD79a negative staining. The Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNAs (EBERs) genome was also negative. A diagnosis as primary small intestinal ALK positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma was finally made. The patient received CHOP chemotherapy and is alive till now without recurrence 5 months after enterectomy. Primary small intestinal ALK positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma is rare. The accurate diagnosis should be based on combined consideration of clinical characteristics, CT image and pathological features, and should be distinguished from other lymphomas or solid tumors in small intestine.

  16. [Systemic lymphoma cells with T precursor condition of extreme female genital tract. A case report and literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butrón Valdez, Karla; Ramírez Galves, Miguel; Germes Piña, Fernando; Ramos Martínez, Ernesto; Zamora Perea, Arturo

    2009-06-01

    Primary female genital tract non Hodgkin's lymphoma is a rare presentation for a common disease in the childhood, and its classification as primary extranodal lymphoma is still controversial. There are a few cases reported as a primary precursor B-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma of the female genital tract, but there is not any case reported as primary precursor T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma of the ovary in childhood. Herein we describe a 16 years old young woman with bilateral ovarian tumors, paraaortic lymphoadenophaty and disseminate disease to the female genital tract including extension of the tumor to neighboring organs like the omentum and the appendix. Exploratory laparatomy were performed with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, hysterectomy, omentectomy, appendectomy, pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy, pelvic washings and with biopsy of vaginal vault. The chemotherapy regimen comprised of CHOP (Cyclophosphamide, Hydroxydaunorubicin, Oncovin, Prednisone/Prednisolone) and methotrexate, 3 months later presents left facial hemiparesia follow by right facial hemiparesia, 7 months later presents more Central Nervous System (CNS) complications and apparently was complicated with acute lymphocitic leukemia and after 16 months from the diagnosis, following by a torpid evolution, the pacient finally died.

  17. Bifocal Presentation of Primary Testicular Extranasal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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    Ali Naboush

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Testicular lymphoma is an aggressive disease with a very poor prognosis. Nasal-type natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL-N in particular is very uncommon and has a rapidly progressive, fatal course. Case Report. We report a case of primary NKTCL-N of the testis in a 38-years-old Middle Eastern man. The patient had a history of primary right testicular tumor diagnosed at an outside institution as a seminoma and treated with orchiectomy followed by chemo/radiation. On admission, the patient had an enormous nasal granuloma with blood workup showing pancytopenia and elevated liver function tests due to active hepatitis B infection. CT scan of the sinuses showed a very large soft tissue mass, and PET scan showed splenomegaly with multiple lymph node masses in the pelvis and the chest areas. Bone marrow and nasal tumor biopsies as well as review of the slides from the initial orchiectomy were all in favor of NKTCL-N lymphoma. The patient was treated with CHOD based combination chemotherapy and responded dramatically to the first two cycles but passed away from fulminant hepatitis B infection. Conclusion. Despite all known treatments of NKTCL-N lymphoma of the testes, this disease has a very poor prognosis and invariably follows an aggressive clinical course.

  18. Magnetic resonance imaging findings in primary lymphoma of the liver: a case report

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    Bilaj Fatmir

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Primary lymphoma of the liver is an extremely rare finding, with the few such cases reported in the literature to date describing indeterminate imaging findings, being focused more on computed tomography. To the best of our knowledge, there is no prior report describing magnetic resonance imaging scan findings with such a lesion. In the case reported here, magnetic resonance imaging gave us the opportunity to ascertain the correct diagnosis, confirmed by histopathology, thus avoiding unnecessary surgery or other treatments. Although this condition is rare, knowledge of magnetic resonance imaging findings will be invaluable for radiologists and other medical subspecialties that may face such cases in the future in helping to provide adequate management for affected patients. Case presentation A focal lesion was incidentally detected by ultrasound in a 75-year-old asymptomatic Albanian man being treated for benign hypertrophy of prostate. Chest and abdomen computed tomography scans did not reveal any abnormal findings besides a solid focal lesion on the right lobe of the liver and a mild homogenous enlargement of the prostate gland. Subsequently, magnetic resonance imaging of the upper abdomen was performed for better characterization of this lesion. Our patient was free of symptoms and his laboratory test results were normal. Conclusions The magnetic resonance imaging scan results showed some distinctive features that helped us to make the correct diagnosis, and were thus very important in helping us provide the correct treatment for our patient.

  19. Epstein-Barr Virus-Negative Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Diseases: Three Distinct Cases from a Single Center

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    Şule Mine Bakanay

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Three cases of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV-negative post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease that occurred 6 to 8 years after renal transplantation are reported. The patients respectively had gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and atypical Burkitt lymphoma. Absence of EBV in the tissue samples was demonstrated by both in situ hybridization for EBV early RNA and polymerase chain reaction for EBV DNA. Patients were treated with reduction in immunosuppression and combined chemotherapy plus an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, rituximab. Despite the reduction in immunosuppression, patients had stable renal functions without loss of graft functions. The patient with atypical Burkitt lymphoma had an abnormal karyotype, did not respond to treatment completely, and died due to disease progression. The other patients are still alive and in remission 5 and 3 years after diagnosis, respectively. EBV-negative post-transplant lymphoproliferative diseases are usually late-onset and are reported to have poor prognosis. Thus, reduction in immunosuppression is usually not sufficient for treatment and more aggressive approaches like rituximab with combined chemotherapy are required.

  20. A case of tonsillar anaplastic large cell lymphoma-anaplastic lymphoma kinase negative: An unusual site of involvement with review of literature

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    Umesh Das

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We present this unusual case of the clinical importance of a 50-year-old male patient who presented with foreign body sensation in the throat and halitosis of 20 days duration. On examination, there were no palpable lymph nodes and oral cavity revealed an ulcero proliferative growth over the right tonsil. Computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses and neck revealed a heterogeneously enhancing mass involving the right tonsil measuring 3.8 cm × 3 cm. Biopsy of the tonsillar mass was suggestive of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL with neoplastic large cells positive for CD30, epithelial membrane antigen and CD3 and negative for Tdt, CD56, anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK and cytokeratin. A diagnosis of ALK negative ALCL Stage IA was made and the patient was started on chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone every 3 weeks. He received six cycles of chemotherapy followed by 33 gray involved region radiotherapy and reassessment showed total regression of the tonsillar lesion. The patient is in complete remission and now under follow-up for the last 2 years

  1. Rapid Treatment of Leukostasis in Leukemic Mantle Cell Lymphoma Using Therapeutic Leukapheresis: A Case Report

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    Xuan Duc Nguyen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe a case of severe leukocytosis caused by leukemic mantle cell lymphoma (MCL, complicated by leukostasis with myocardial infarction in which leukapheresis was used in the initial management. A 73-year-old male presented to the emergency department because of fatigue and thoracic pain. Blood count revealed 630 × 109/L WBC (white blood cells. The electrocardiogram showed ST-elevation with an increase of troponin and creatinine kinase. The diagnosis was ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI induced and complicated by leukostasis. Immunophenotyping, morphology, cytogenetic and fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization analysis revealed the diagnosis of a blastoid variant of MCL. To remove leukocytes rapidly, leukapheresis was performed in the intensive care unit. Based on the differential blood count with 95% blasts, which were assigned to the lymphocyte population by the automatic hematology analyzer, leukapheresis procedures were then performed with the mononuclear cell standard program on the Spectra cell separator. The patient was treated with daily leukapheresis for 3 days. The WBC count decreased to 174 × 109/L after the third leukapheresis, with a 72% reduction. After the second apheresis, treatment with vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and prednisolone was started. The patient fully recovered in the further course of the treatment. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on blastoid MCL with leukostasis associated with a STEMI that was successfully treated by leukapheresis. Effective harvest of circulating lymphoma cells by leukapheresis requires adaptation of instrument settings based on the results of the differential blood count prior to apheresis.

  2. Iris involvement in primary intraocular lymphoma: report of two cases and review of the literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Velez, G.; de Smet, M. D.; Whitcup, S. M.; Robinson, M.; Nussenblatt, R. B.; Chan, C. C.

    2000-01-01

    Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involves ocular tissues either as a primary tumor or as secondary metastasis from systemic disease. Diagnosis is based on the identification of malignant cells in the eye by biopsy. Although primary intraocular lymphoma cells have been identified in the optic nerve, ciliary

  3. Primary B cell Lymphoma of the tongue: a case report | Hmidi | Pan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Malignant lymphoma of the oral cavity is rare and of the tongue even rarer. Location of oral lymphomas is more frequent in masticatory mucosa than in movable mucosa; the lingual and buccal mucosa is rarely involved; whereas the gingival vestibule and Waldeyer's ring seem to be the most frequent site of occurrence.

  4. Sialylation and glycosylation modulate cell adhesion and invasion to extracellular matrix in human malignant lymphoma: Dependency on integrin and the Rho GTPase family

    OpenAIRE

    Suzuki, Osamu; ABE, MASAFUMI; HASHIMOTO Yuko

    2015-01-01

    To determine the biological roles of cell surface glycosylation, we modified the surface glycosylation of human malignant lymphoma cell lines using glycosylation inhibitors. The O-glycosylation inhibitor, benzyl-?-GalNAc (BZ) enhanced the fibronectin adhesion of HBL-8 cells, a human Burkitt's lymphoma cell line, and of H-ALCL cells, a human anaplastic large cell lymphoma cell line, both of which were established in our laboratory. The N-glycosylation inhibitor, tunicamycin (TM) inhibited the ...

  5. EBV AND HIV-RELATED LYMPHOMA

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    Michele Bibas

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available HIV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders represent a heterogeneous group of diseases, arising in the presence of HIV-associated immunodeficiency. The overall prevalence of HIV-associated lymphoma is significantly higher compared to that of the general population and it continues to be relevant even after the wide availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART (1. Moreover, they still represent one of the most frequent cause of death in HIV-infected patients. Epstein–Barr virus (EBV, a γ-Herpesviruses, is involved in human lymphomagenesis, particularly in HIV immunocompromised patients. It has been largely implicated in the development of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders as Burkitt lymphoma (BL, Hodgkin disease (HD, systemic non Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL, primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL, nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NC. Virus-associated lymphomas are becoming of significant concern for the mortality of long-lived HIV immunocompromised patients, and therefore, research of advanced strategies for AIDS-related lymphomas is an important field in cancer chemotherapy. Detailed understanding of the EBV  lifecycle and related cancers at the molecular level is required for novel strategies of molecular-targeted cancer chemotherapy The linkage of HIV-related lymphoma with EBV infection of the tumor clone has several pathogenetic, prognostic and possibly therapeutic implications which are reviewed herein

  6. Epstein–Barr virus-associated lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shannon-Lowe, Claire; Rickinson, Alan B.

    2017-01-01

    Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), originally discovered through its association with Burkitt lymphoma, is now aetiologically linked to a remarkably wide range of lymphoproliferative lesions and malignant lymphomas of B-, T- and NK-cell origin. Some occur as rare accidents of virus persistence in the B lymphoid system, while others arise as a result of viral entry into unnatural target cells. The early finding that EBV is a potent B-cell growth transforming agent hinted at a simple oncogenic mechanism by which this virus could promote lymphomagenesis. In reality, the pathogenesis of EBV-associated lymphomas involves a complex interplay between different patterns of viral gene expression and cellular genetic changes. Here we review recent developments in our understanding of EBV-associated lymphomagenesis in both the immunocompetent and immunocompromised host. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Human oncogenic viruses’. PMID:28893938

  7. Primary Gastrointestinal Lymphoma: A Retrospective Multicenter Clinical Study of 415 Cases in Chinese Province of Guangdong and a Systematic Review Containing 5075 Chinese Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yinting; Chen, Yanzhu; Chen, Shaojie; Wu, Lili; Xu, Lishu; Lian, Guoda; Yang, Kege; Li, Yaqing; Zeng, Linjuan; Huang, Kaihong

    2015-11-01

    Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma (PGIL) is a rare malignant tumor without standard diagnosis and treatment methods. This study is aimed to systematically analyze its clinical characteristics and draw out an appropriate flow chart of diagnosis and treatment process for PGIL in China.This study retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnostic approaches, prognostic factors, and therapeutic modalities in 415 cases of PGIL in Chinese province of Guangdong. A systematic review was conducted in 118 studies containing 5075 patients to further identify clinical manifestations and mortalities of therapeutic modalities.The most common clinical presentations were abdominal pain and bloody stools. Endoscopic biopsy was an important diagnostic means, and usually more than once to make a definite diagnosis. Retrospective multicenter clinical study showed that younger onset age (operation were significant prognostic factors for B-cell lymphoma; non-B symptom, tumor restricted to gastric or ileocecal region, one lesion, performance status (PS ≤1), normal LDH, and nonsurgery alone were significant prognostic factors for T-cell lymphoma. Site of origin and IPI were independent prognostic factors for B-cell lymphoma; PS was the independent prognostic factor for T-cell lymphoma. And T-cell lymphoma had worse overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) than B-cell lymphoma. Among different therapeutic modalities, chemotherapy alone or combined with surgery showed better OS and PFS than surgery alone for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of stage I/II E and T-cell lymphoma. For DLBCL of stage III E/IV and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, OS and PFS did not differ among different therapeutic groups. In meta-analysis, surgery plus chemotherapy showed lowest mortality.Chemotherapy alone or combined with surgery may be the first-line treatment for DLBCL of stage I/II E and T-cell lymphoma. A flow chart of diagnosis and treatment

  8. A Case Report of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma in a Patient with Carcinosarcoma of the Bladder

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    Anthony Perre

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The screening of patients with a known primary extrathoracic malignancy for pulmonary metastasis may result in the identification of solitary or multiple pulmonary nodules. Radiologic features of these pulmonary nodules may suggest a diagnosis, but these features cannot reliably distinguish between benign and malignant etiologies. We present the case of a patient, diagnosed with carcinosarcoma of the bladder, who was found to have multiple pulmonary nodules by CT evaluation. Physical examination of the patient demonstrated the presence of cervical and axillary lymphadenopathy. An excisional biopsy of an axillary lymph node confirmed the diagnosis of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. This case report demonstrates that radiographic information obtained by CT scan must be carefully correlated with the history and physical examination of the patient. This case report also demonstrates the importance of diagnostic biopsy of pulmonary nodularity discovered in patients with a known primary extrathoracic malignancy. The assumption that these pulmonary nodules represented metastatic malignancies would have had crucial prognostic and therapeutic implications.

  9. A case of atypical chronic subdural hematoma: a spontaneous rupture of dural lymphoma nodule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrios, Lucia; Clément, Renaud; Visseaux, Guillaume; Bord, Eric; Le Gall, Francois; Rodat, Olivier

    2014-02-01

    In forensic medicine, a chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) usually results from trauma, sometimes minimal for elderly people. The case reported here is a forensic medical description of an atypical chronic subdural hematoma. A woman aged of 40-year-old died following a coma. The autopsy and histological analyses revealed the hemorrhagic disintegration of a lymphoid nodule, a metastasis from generalized lymphoma. The combination of chronic symptomatic SDH and a tumor of the dura mater have been described, but are very rare. The possibility of trauma, even minimal, has never been excluded in these cases. In fact, the clinical picture of these patients suggested a significant movement of the brain within the cranial cavity due to the physiological decrease in brain volume. In the reported case, this particular process was excluded since the spontaneous hemorrhagic effusion produced by the meningeal lymphoid nodule was the cause of the chronic SDH. This pathophysiological explanation was possible because the entire brain and meninges were removed for histological analysis. Trauma, even minimal trauma, is not always involved in the formation of a chronic SDH. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.

  10. Vanishing bile duct syndrome in Hodgkin's lymphoma: A case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakhit, Mena; McCarty, Thomas R; Park, Sunhee; Njei, Basile; Cho, Margaret; Karagozian, Raffi; Liapakis, AnnMarie

    2017-01-14

    Vanishing bile duct syndrome (VBDS) has been described in different pathologic conditions including infection, ischemia, adverse drug reactions, autoimmune diseases, allograft rejection, and humoral factors associated with malignancy. It is an acquired condition characterized by progressive destruction and loss of the intra-hepatic bile ducts leading to cholestasis. Prognosis is variable and partially dependent upon the etiology of bile duct injury. Irreversible bile duct loss leads to significant ductopenia, biliary cirrhosis, liver failure, and death. If biliary epithelial regeneration occurs, clinical recovery may occur over a period of months to years. VBDS has been described in a number of cases of patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) where it is thought to be a paraneoplastic phenomenon. This case describes a 25-year-old man found on liver biopsy to have VBDS. Given poor response to medical treatment, the patient underwent transplant evaluation at that time and was found to have classical stage IIB HL. Early recognition of this underlying cause or association of VBDS, including laboratory screening, and physical exam for lymphadenopathy are paramount to identifying potential underlying VBDS-associated malignancy. Here we review the literature of HL-associated VBDS and report a case of diagnosed HL with biopsy proven VBDS.

  11. Progressive multifocal cerebral infarction from intravascular large B cell lymphoma presenting in a man: a case report

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    Chotinaiwattarakul Wattanachai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Intravascular lymphoma is rare, and may present as ischemic stroke. Diagnosis is difficult due to the non-specific presentation and lack of lymphadenopathy, thus leading to frequent instances of autopsy-proven diagnosis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of progressive stroke from intravascular lymphoma diagnosed antemortem by random skin biopsy. Case presentation A 42-year-old Thai man presented to our hospital with progressive multifocal cerebral infarction. Despite taking aspirin (300 mg/day, his neurological symptoms worsened. During admission, he developed an unexplained fever and hypoxemia. Magnetic resonance angiography clearly showed patency of all cerebral arteries including the internal carotid and vertebrobasilar arteries. Echocardiography, an antiphospholipid antibody test, cerebrospinal fluid cytology and a bone marrow study were normal. Other laboratory test results showed an elevated lactate dehydrogenase level, nephrotic range proteinuria (3.91 g/day, hypoalbuminemia (1.9 g/dL, a very low high-density lipoprotein level (7 mg/dL and hypertriglyceridemia (353 mg/dL. Because of suspected vasculitis, pulse methylprednisolone was given with transiently minimal improvement. A random skin biopsy from both thighs revealed intravascular large B cell lymphoma. Chemotherapy was not given due to our patient having ventilator associated pneumonia. He died 10 days after the definite diagnosis was established. Conclusion One etiology of stroke is intravascular lymphoma, in which random skin biopsy can be helpful for antemortem diagnosis.

  12. Canine lymphoma : a review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zandvliet, M|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304829285

    Canine lymphoma (cL) is a common type of neoplasia in dogs with an estimated incidence rate of 20-100 cases per 100,000 dogs and is in many respects comparable to non-Hodgkin lymphoma in humans. Although the exact cause is unknown, environmental factors and genetic susceptibility are thought to play

  13. Coexistent lymphoma with tuberculosis and Kaposi's sarcoma with tuberculosis occurring in lymph node in patients with AIDS: a report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanjewar, D N; Lanjewar, Sonali D; Chavan, Gajanan

    2010-01-01

    Although there have been a few reports of simultaneous infections and neoplasm in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome, no reports of coexistent lymphoma with tuberculosis and Kaposi's sarcoma with tuberculosis occurring in the same lymph node have been described. In this article, we describe coexistent lymphoma with tuberculosis in one case and Kaposi's sarcoma with tuberculosis in another case of human immune deficiency virus-infected individuals.

  14. Occupational exposures and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: Canadian case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spinelli John J

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective was to study the association between Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL and occupational exposures related to long held occupations among males in six provinces of Canada. Methods A population based case-control study was conducted from 1991 to 1994. Males with newly diagnosed NHL (ICD-10 were stratified by province of residence and age group. A total of 513 incident cases and 1506 population based controls were included in the analysis. Conditional logistic regression was conducted to fit statistical models. Results Based on conditional logistic regression modeling, the following factors independently increased the risk of NHL: farmer and machinist as long held occupations; constant exposure to diesel exhaust fumes; constant exposure to ionizing radiation (radium; and personal history of another cancer. Men who had worked for 20 years or more as farmer and machinist were the most likely to develop NHL. Conclusion An increased risk of developing NHL is associated with the following: long held occupations of faer and machinist; exposure to diesel fumes; and exposure to ionizing radiation (radium. The risk of NHL increased with the duration of employment as a farmer or machinist.

  15. {sup 18F} FDG PET Demonstration of Cancer Recurrence Presenting as Dermatomyositis in a Rare Case of Primary Pleural Lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sang Mi; Kim, Yu Kyeong; Lee, Jong Jin; Lee, Yoon Jong; Kim, Hye Ryung; Choe, Gheeyoung [Seoul National Univ. College of Medicine/Bundang Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jeong Won [Jeju National Univ. Hospital, Jeju (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-03-15

    Dermatomyositis (DM) or polymyositis (PM) are possibly considered to have an association with malignancies. We describe a case of dermatomyositis in which {sup 18F} fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)positron emission tomography (PET) was able to detect cancer recurrence earlier than any other modality in a patient with a history of primary pleural lymphoma, a very rare condition of malignancy. Further, a typical finding of dermatomyositis is diffuse hypermetabolism in the bilateral proximal shoulder and pelvic girdle areas was shown on {sup 18F} FDG PET, which can implicate the inflammatory process in the skeletal muscle in dermatomyosistis. This case well illustrates the characteristic {sup 18F} FDG findings of dermatomyositis as well as a capability of {sup 18F} FDG PET in detection of recurrence of lymphoma, even in a rare condition.

  16. [Clinicopathologic study of 369 B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases, with reference to the 2001 World Health Organization classification of lymphoid neoplasms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yan-ning; Zhou, Xiao-ge; Zhang, Shu-hong; Wang, Peng; Zhang, Chang-huai; Huang, Shou-fang

    2005-04-01

    To describe the relative frequency, morphologic features, immunophenotype and clinical data of different types of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) and to evaluate the practical application of the 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid neoplasms. 369 documented cases of B-NHL were further subtyped according to the 2001 WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms, on the basis of hematoxylin and eosin staining, immunohistochemistry and in-situ hybridization techniques. Amongst the 369 cases of B-NHL studied, 353 cases could be further classified into 11 subtypes. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, extranodal marginal zone lymphoma and follicular lymphoma were the commonest subtypes, accounting for 51.2% (189 cases), 14.9% (55 cases) and 10.6% (39 cases) of all cases respectively. Tumors in lymph nodes were seen in 158 cases (42.8%) and in extra node in 211 cases (57.2%). B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia and hairy cell leukemia were not identified. When comparing the diagnosis based on morphologic examination alone with the diagnosis based on both morphology and immunophenotype, there was a 80% concordance rate. Immunohistochemical study was helpful in reaching the correct diagnosis in many cases and could improve the overall diagnostic accuracy by about 20%. Amongst cases of B-NHL, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is the commonest subtype, followed by MALToma and follicular lymphoma. While morphologic examination forms the basis for lymphoma diagnosis, immunohistochemical study also plays an important role in further subtyping. A combination of both modalities are sufficient for arriving at an accurate diagnosis in most cases of B-NHL, in keeping with the recommendation of the 2001 WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms.

  17. DNA repair deficiency as a susceptibility marker for spontaneous lymphoma in golden retriever dogs: a case-control study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas H Thamm

    Full Text Available There is accumulating evidence that an individual's inability to accurately repair DNA damage in a timely fashion may in part dictate a predisposition to cancer. Dogs spontaneously develop lymphoproliferative diseases such as lymphoma, with the golden retriever (GR breed being at especially high risk. Mechanisms underlying such breed susceptibility are largely unknown; however, studies of heritable cancer predisposition in dogs may be much more straightforward than similar studies in humans, owing to a high degree of inbreeding and more limited genetic heterogeneity. Here, we conducted a pilot study with 21 GR with lymphoma, 20 age-matched healthy GR and 20 age-matched healthy mixed-breed dogs (MBD to evaluate DNA repair capability following exposure to either ionizing radiation (IR or the chemical mutagen bleomycin. Inter-individual variation in DNA repair capacity was evaluated in stimulated canine lymphoctyes exposed in vitro utilizing the G2 chromosomal radiosensitivity assay to quantify clastogen-induced chromatid-type aberrations (gaps and breaks. Golden retrievers with lymphoma demonstrated elevated sensitivity to induction of chromosome damage following either challenge compared to either healthy GR or MBD at multiple doses and time points. Using the 75(th percentile of chromatid breaks per 1,000 chromosomes in the MBD population at 4 hours post 1.0 Gy IR exposure as a benchmark to compare cases and controls, GR with lymphoma were more likely than healthy GR to be classified as "sensitive" (odds ratio = 21.2, 95% confidence interval 2.3-195.8. Furthermore, our preliminary findings imply individual (rather than breed susceptibility, and suggest that deficiencies in heritable factors related to DNA repair capabilities may be involved in the development of canine lymphoma. These studies set the stage for larger confirmatory studies, as well as candidate-based approaches to probe specific genetic susceptibility factors.

  18. Is there a role for antigen selection in mantle cell lymphoma? Immunogenetic support from a series of 807 cases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hadzidimitriou, Anastasia; Agathangelidis, Andreas; Darzentas, Nikos

    2011-01-01

    We examined 807 productive IGHV-IGHD-IGHJ gene rearrangements from mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cases, by far the largest series to date. The IGHV gene repertoire was remarkably biased, with IGHV3-21, IGHV4-34, IGHV1-8, and IGHV3-23 accounting for 46.3% of the cohort. Eighty-four of 807 (10.4%) cas...

  19. Primary lymphoma of the liver. Report of a case with diagnosis by fine needle aspiration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netto, D; Spielberger, R; Awasthi, S; Balaban, E P; Nowak, J A; Demian, S D

    1993-01-01

    In a 69-year-old man with hepatomegaly, a diagnosis of primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of the liver was made by fine needle aspiration (FNA). At the time of presentation there was no evidence of involvement of the lymph nodes, bone marrow or any other organ. Although hepatic involvement is common in advanced stages of Hodgkin's disease and NHL, primary lymphoma of the liver is rare. The purpose of this paper is to report a rare occurrence of primary lymphoma of the liver and to demonstrate the possibility of making this diagnosis by FNA.

  20. [A case of secondary pulmonary malignant lymphoma with multiple pulmonary nodules and spiculation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furuhashi, Naohiro; Sugino, Yasuteru; Okumura, Junya; Saito, Yushi; Hiraga, Junji; Kitagawa, Satoshi

    2011-11-01

    A 72-year-old man presented to our hospital with fatigue and anemia. Chest CT showed multiple nodular shadows. We first suspected lung cancer and multiple metastatic lesions because some nodules had spiculation. However, PET-CT revealed the small intestine, thyroid and rib as well as these nodules to be positive for FDG uptake, suggesting malignant lymphoma and lung involvement. For diagnosis, lung biopsy by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) was performed. Pathologic examination of the lung biopsy specimen showed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. We diagnosed secondary pulmonary malignant lymphoma.

  1. Sarcoidosis Occurring After Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    London, Jonathan; Grados, Aurélie; Fermé, Christophe; Charmillon, Alexandre; Maurier, François; Deau, Bénédicte; Crickx, Etienne; Brice, Pauline; Chapelon-Abric, Catherine; Haioun, Corinne; Burroni, Barbara; Alifano, Marco; Le Jeunne, Claire; Guillevin, Loïc; Costedoat-Chalumeau, Nathalie; Schleinitz, Nicolas; Mouthon, Luc; Terrier, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease that most frequently affects the lungs with pulmonary infiltrates and/or bilateral hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. An association of sarcoidosis and lymphoproliferative disease has previously been reported as the sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome. Although this syndrome is characterized by sarcoidosis preceding lymphoma, very few cases of sarcoidosis following lymphoma have been reported. We describe the clinical, biological, and radiological characteristics and outcome of 39 patients presenting with sarcoidosis following lymphoproliferative disease, including 14 previously unreported cases and 25 additional patients, after performing a literature review. Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma were equally represented. The median delay between lymphoma and sarcoidosis was 18 months. Only 16 patients (41%) required treatment. Sarcoidosis was of mild intensity or self-healing in most cases, and overall clinical response to sarcoidosis was excellent with complete clinical response in 91% of patients. Sarcoidosis was identified after a follow-up computerized tomography scan (CT-scan) or 18fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (18FDG-PET/CT) evaluation in 18/34 patients (53%). Sarcoidosis is therefore a differential diagnosis to consider when lymphoma relapse is suspected on a CT-scan or 18FDG-PET/CT, emphasizing the necessity to rely on histological confirmation of lymphoma relapse. PMID:25380084

  2. Recurrent Hypoglycemia in a Patient with Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: A Case Report with Review of Literature

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    Rawal Gautam

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A rare complication associated with the Hodgkin’s lymphoma is the occurrence of persistent or recurrent hypoglycemia. Although few cases have been reported in the literature, describing its pathophysiology to be multifactorial, it is difficult to determine the exact cause. We present the case of a 26 year old patient diagnosed with Hodgkin’s lymphoma who developed recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia and also discuss the various causes for its pathogenesis. In this case the serum insulin and C-peptide levels were found to be low, suggesting the presence of insulin like growth factors (IGF secreted by the cancer cells. Also, we performed a18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography that showed a massive tumor load. The published reports in literature have similary suggested the presence of IGF or auto-antibodies secreted by the tumor cells and also the Warburg effect in patients with high tumor load. Further research is required to clearly diagnose and define the exact etiopathogenesis of the hypoglycemia occurring in a patient with Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

  3. Comprometimento medular por linfoma tipo Burkitt: relato de um caso

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    Murillo Côrtes Drummond

    1985-06-01

    Full Text Available Registro de caso de linfoma tipo Burkitt com comprometimento intrarraqueano em criança de três anos de idade. Considerações sobre esse tipo de tumor são feitas em função do caso observado e de dados da literatura.

  4. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma presenting as an ischemic stroke in a 23-year-old woman: a case report and review of the literature

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    Fragou Mariantina

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Peripheral T-cell lymphoma of the unspecified variant is a highly aggressive subtype of T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. This is the first reported case of this type of lymphoma presenting as an ischemic stroke in a woman. Case presentation A previously healthy 23-year-old woman presented with fever and hemiplegia. She was subsequently intubated after scoring 7 out of 15 at the Glasgow Coma Scale. Brain computed tomography scans of the patient depicted a massive sylvian infarction while an abdominal computed tomography scan revealed multiple enlarged abdominal lymph nodes and a retroperitoneal mass adjacent to the left psoas muscle. A diagnostic work up for inherited thrombophilia yielded negative results. Blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures for infectious agents also gave negative results. A biopsy of the retroperitoneal mass guided by computed tomography was inconclusive. A biopsy of an enlarged inguinal lymph node of the patient, combined with an immunophenotypic analysis, revealed an unspecified variant of peripheral T-cell lymphoma. The patient underwent chemotherapy but developed multiple organ failure. She died 26 days after she was admitted to our intensive care unit. Conclusion Peripheral T-cell lymphoma of the unspecified variant is a highly aggressive subtype of peripheral T-cell lymphomas. The latter exhibit no consistent immunophenotypic, genetic, or clinical features. Clinicians should be aware of atypical clinical presentations of the above lymphomas such as ischemic stroke.

  5. Dying after cure: A case of suicide in an adolescent treated for cancer

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    Laura Veneroni

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Although suicide among childhood cancer survivors is rare, there is still a significantly higher risk in this population than in healthy adolescents. A 17-year-old girl cured of Burkitt lymphoma committed suicide after completing her treatment. She had never previously shown signs of psychological suffering and was in good general health. This case made the operators wonder how this tragic possibility might be prevented. It is essential for the ongoing monitoring of the psychological and social suffering of young people during follow-up programs to be assured by a multidisciplinary team involved in the patient′s global care.

  6. Comment: Subcutaneous Panniculitis- like T-Cell Lymphoma: Report of two cases

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    Małgorzata Sokołowska-Wojdyło

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Subcutaneous panniculitis–like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL, originally described as lymphoma of the cytotoxic T lymphocyte, is characterized by a tendency to infiltrate the subcutaneous tissue. The rapid clinical course and aggressive multidrug chemotherapy was the treatment of choice by many years – but it has been changed since 2008. SPTCL term is used only in relation to disease with TCRαβ phenotype, while TCRγδ+ panniculitis-like T-cell lymphomas have become classified by WHO and EORTC as primary cutaneous γδ T-cell lymphoma – PCGD-TCL. The course and prognosis of those two entities differs significantly. SPTCL occurs in children and adults.

  7. A case of advanced second-degree atrioventricular block in a ferret secondary to lymphoma

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    F. Menicagli

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A female ferret was referred as an emergency for severe respiratory distress symptoms. At presentation, the patient was listlessness, dyspnoeic, and hyper-responsive. The clinical examination evidenced dyspnea with cyanosis, altered cardiac rhythm, and hepatomegaly. Electrocardiography showed an advanced second-degree atrioventricular (AV block. The liver aspirate was diagnostic for lymphoma. The patient did not respond to supportive therapy and rapidly died. Post-mortem exams confirmed the presence of lymphoma with hepatic involvement. Moreover, a pericardial lymphocytic infiltration and a widespread myocardial nodular localization of lymphoma were evidenced as well. This condition was probably the cause of the cardiac arrhythmia. To the best of our knowledge, ours is the first report of cardiac lymphoma causing heart block in ferrets.

  8. A case of advanced second-degree atrioventricular block in a ferret secondary to lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menicagli, F; Lanza, A; Sbrocca, F; Baldi, A; Spugnini, E P

    2016-01-01

    A female ferret was referred as an emergency for severe respiratory distress symptoms. At presentation, the patient was listlessness, dyspnoeic, and hyper-responsive. The clinical examination evidenced dyspnea with cyanosis, altered cardiac rhythm, and hepatomegaly. Electrocardiography showed an advanced second-degree atrioventricular (AV) block. The liver aspirate was diagnostic for lymphoma. The patient did not respond to supportive therapy and rapidly died. Post-mortem exams confirmed the presence of lymphoma with hepatic involvement. Moreover, a pericardial lymphocytic infiltration and a widespread myocardial nodular localization of lymphoma were evidenced as well. This condition was probably the cause of the cardiac arrhythmia. To the best of our knowledge, ours is the first report of cardiac lymphoma causing heart block in ferrets.

  9. [A case of MALT lymphoma of the colon, stomach, and small intestine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahara, Kota; Tabata, Taku; Arakawa, Takeo; Fujiwara, Takashi; Egashira, Hideto; Fujiwara, Junko; Momma, Kumiko; Hishima, Tsunekazu; Koizumi, Koichi; Kamisawa, Terumi

    2015-02-01

    An 85-year-old man was diagnosed with mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the colon in 20XX. Although Helicobacter pylori eradication was performed as part of the treatment, it was ineffective. He was followed-up by colonoscopy for 4 years without additional treatment and there was no interval change;however, he was lost to follow-up 6 years after the first visit. Nine years after the initial diagnosis, he presented with new MALT lymphoma lesions in the stomach and small intestine. Genetic analysis showed that a biopsy specimen was positive for API2/MALT1 fusion gene, and IgH rearrangement showed monoclonal banding between colon and stomach. This suggested disseminated monoclonal API2/MALT1-positive MALT lymphoma of the colon, stomach, and small intestine. Careful attention should be paid to the appearance of multiple lesions in MALT lymphoma.

  10. Radiological aspects of diagnosis and staging of small bowel lymphoma - a case report; Aspectos radiologicos no diagnostico e estadiamento do linfoma de intestino delgado - relato de um caso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antunes, Luciano Magrini; Medeiros, Sergio Cainelli; Fraga, Rafael [Rio Grande do Sul Univ., Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina; Friedrich, Mariangela Gheller; Todeschini, Luiz Alberto; Furtado, Alvaro Porto Alegre [Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil)

    1999-12-01

    The authors report a case of a non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the small bowel, presenting with ulcerative lesions on radiological studies. primary intestinal lymphoma is considered a rare entity and its diagnosis criteria are quiet strict. The secondary form of the disease - involvement of the small bowel by systemic lymphoma - constitutes an infrequent clinical presentation of these neoplasms and must be considered when the criteria for primary disease are not fulfilled. Diagnosis is based on small bowel series studies and/or computed tomography findings, but the definitive diagnosis is established by biopsy. (author)

  11. Treatment decisions in a man with Hodgkin lymphoma and Guillian-Barr? syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Hughes, Caren L; Yorio, Jeffrey T; Kovitz, Craig; Oki, Yasuhiro

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Guillain-Barre syndrome, or acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, has been described in the presence of malignancies such as lymphoma. Guillain-Barre syndrome/acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy causes paresthesias and weakness, which can make the treatment of lymphoma with chemotherapy challenging. Given the rarity of this co-presentation it is not known if the effects of Guillain-Barre syndrome should be considered when selecting a treatment regimen for H...

  12. An anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive lung cancer microlesion: A case report

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    Tetsuo Kon

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK-positive lung cancers are generally diagnosed at an advanced clinical stage. Herein, we report a case of an ALK-positive lung cancer patient who had a microlesion of this tumor type. The patient was a 51-year-old woman without a smoking history. Computed tomography performed during a lung cancer screening program showed a 7 × 5-mm subpleural nodule with an irregular border in the right lower lobe. The background lung parenchyma was almost normal. Serum tumor marker levels were not elevated. Histological assessment showed destructive growth in the center of the lesion, as confirmed using Victoria blue-hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunostaining for CD34 and D2-40; however, at the other site, the tumor mainly showed intra-alveolar growth with minor lepidic growth. The tumor cells were positive for thyroid transcription factor-1 and ALK. Fluorescent in situ hybridization of the tumor revealed an ALK gene spilt. Accordingly, the tumor was diagnosed as ALK-positive lung cancer. ALK-positive lung cancer presents diverse histological architectures in the early phase.

  13. PRIMARY CUTANEOUS T-CELL LYMPHOMA - CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL FEATURES AND PROGNOSTIC PARAMETERS OF 35 CASES OTHER THAN MYCOSIS-FUNGOIDES AND CD30-POSITIVE LARGE-CELL LYMPHOMA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    BELJAARDS, RC; MEIJER, CJLM; VANDERPUTTE, CJ; HOLLEMA, H; GEERTS, ML; BEZEMER, PD; WILLEMZE, R

    Within the group of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs), mycosis fungoides (MF), Sezary's syndrome (SS), and CD30-positive lymphomas have been delineated as clinicopathological entities. Primary CTCLs that do not belong to one of these entities represent a heterogeneous and ill-defined group

  14. Clustering of cancer among families of cases with Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL, Multiple Myeloma (MM, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL, Soft Tissue Sarcoma (STS and control subjects

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    Karunanayake Chandima P

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A positive family history of chronic diseases including cancer can be used as an index of genetic and shared environmental influences. The tumours studied have several putative risk factors in common including occupational exposure to certain pesticides and a positive family history of cancer. Methods We conducted population-based studies of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL, Multiple Myeloma (MM, non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL, and Soft Tissue Sarcoma (STS among male incident case and control subjects in six Canadian provinces. The postal questionnaire was used to collect personal demographic data, a medical history, a lifetime occupational history, smoking pattern, and the information on family history of cancer. The family history of cancer was restricted to first degree relatives and included relationship to the index subjects and the types of tumours diagnosed among relatives. The information was collected on 1528 cases (HL (n = 316, MM (n = 342, NHL (n = 513, STS (n = 357 and 1506 age ± 2 years and province of residence matched control subjects. Conditional logistic regression analyses adjusted for the matching variables were conducted. Results We found that most families were cancer free, and a minority included two or more affected relatives. HL [(ORadj (95% CI 1.79 (1.33, 2.42], MM (1.38(1.07, 1.78, NHL (1.43 (1.15, 1.77, and STS cases (1.30(1.00, 1.68 had higher incidence of cancer if any first degree relative was affected with cancer compared to control families. Constructing mutually exclusive categories combining "family history of cancer" (yes, no and "pesticide exposure ≥10 hours per year" (yes, no indicated that a positive family history was important for HL (2.25(1.61, 3.15, and for the combination of the two exposures increased risk for MM (1.69(1.14,2.51. Also, a positive family history of cancer both with (1.72 (1.21, 2.45 and without pesticide exposure (1.43(1.12, 1.83 increased risk of NHL. Conclusion HL, MM, NHL

  15. Association of alcohol intake and smoking with malignant lymphoma risk in Japanese: a hospital-based case-control study at Aichi Cancer Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanda, Junya; Matsuo, Keitaro; Kawase, Takakazu; Suzuki, Takeshi; Ichinohe, Tatsuo; Seto, Masao; Morishima, Yasuo; Tajima, Kazuo; Tanaka, Hideo

    2009-09-01

    Given the lower incidence and differences in distribution of malignant lymphoma in Asian than western populations, the association of alcohol intake and smoking with malignant lymphoma risk in Asian populations merits investigation. Here, we conducted a sex- and age-matched case-control study of a Japanese population using two data sets, the first and second versions of the Hospital-based Epidemiological Research Program at Aichi Cancer Center Hospital (HERPACC-I and HERPACC-II, respectively), in 452 and 330 cases of histologically diagnosed malignant lymphoma and 2,260 and 1,650 noncancer controls, respectively. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using a conditional logistic regression model that incorporated smoking exposure and alcohol intake. Compared with nondrinking, consumption of >or=50 g/d by frequent drinkers was associated with significantly decreased risk in both data sets [OR (95% CI), 0.70 (0.53-0.93) for HERPACC-I and 0.40 (0.23-0.68) for HERPACC-II]. Given similar findings among groups, we used pooled data sets in subsequent analyses. For any alcohol intake versus nondrinking, point estimates of OR were less than unity for all four malignant lymphoma subtypes. In contrast, pack-years of smoking were associated with increased malignant lymphoma risk: relative to the reference (0-4 pack-years), OR (95% CI) were 1.32 (1.02-1.71), 1.39 (1.07-1.80), and 1.48 (1.12-1.95) for 5 to 19, 20 to 39, and >or=40 pack-years, respectively. This association with smoking was less apparent for all subtypes, except Hodgkin's lymphoma. In conclusion, we found that alcohol had an inverse association with malignant lymphoma risk across all malignant lymphoma subtypes in our Japanese subjects. Smoking appeared to be positively associated with malignant lymphoma risk, but this finding may vary by subtype.

  16. Hypercalcemia and huge splenomegaly presenting in an elderly patient with B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a case report

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    Tirgari Farrokh

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Hypercalcemia is the major electrolyte abnormality in patients with malignant tumors. It can be due to localized osteolytic hypercalcemia or elaboration of humoral substances such as parathyroid hormone-related protein from tumoral cells. In hematological malignancies, a third mechanism of uncontrolled synthesis and secretion of 1-25(OH2D3 from tumoral cells or neighboring macrophages may contribute to the problem. However, hypercalcemia is quite unusual in patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Case presentation An 85-year-old Caucasian woman presented with low grade fever, anorexia, abdominal discomfort and fullness in her left abdomen for the last six months. She was mildly anemic and complained of fatigability. She had huge splenomegaly and was hypercalcemic. After correction of her hypercalcemia, she had a splenectomy. Microscopic evaluation revealed a malignant lymphoma. Her immunohistochemistry was positive for leukocyte common antigen, CD20 and parathyroid hormone-related peptide. Conclusion Immunopositivity for parathyroid hormone-related peptide clearly demonstrates that hypersecretion of a parathyroid hormone-like substance from the tumor had led to hypercalcemia in this case. High serum calcium is seen in only seven to eight percent of patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, apparently due to different mechanisms. Evaluation of serum parathyroid hormone-related protein and 1-25(OH2D3 can be helpful in diagnosis and management. It should be noted that presentation with hypercalcemia has a serious impact on prognosis and survival.

  17. [Primary Pituitary Malignant Lymphoma that was Difficult to Differentiate from Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenoma:A Case Report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murakami, Yuta; Sato, Taku; Jinguji, Shinya; Kishida, Yugo; Watanabe, Tadashi; Suzuki, Osamu; Ikeda, Kazuhiko; Homma, Miyuki; Midorikawa, Sanae; Saito, Kiyoshi

    2016-09-01

    We report a rare case of primary pituitary lymphoma in a 75-year-old immunocompetent woman. The patient was blind in the right eye and presented with visual disturbance in the left eye that started 2 months previously. She also exhibited right third and fifth cranial nerve palsy. Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)revealed an intrasellar mass lesion with right cavernous sinus invasion and suprasellar extension with compression of the optic chiasm. The mass lesion was isointense on both T1WI and T2WI, and showed less enhancement than a normal pituitary gland on gadolinium-enhanced T1WI. We therefore suspected the tumor to be a nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma. The patient underwent endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery. The tumor was firm and grayish, and had an ill-defined border along the normal pituitary gland. Histological examination revealed a malignant CD5-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. After surgery, the patient received both chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Although the visual acuity of the right eye did not improved, other symptoms improved. At the 34-month follow-up, no recurrence was detected on serial MRI. Patients with primary pituitary lymphoma often exhibit ophthalmoplegia and/or panhypopituitarism more frequently than expected from radiological findings. In cases of pituitary tumors with atypical symptoms, a biopsy and general physical examination should be performed immediately to determine the diagnosis and perform adjuvant therapy even when the tumor is assumed as nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma from the image findings.

  18. A Case of Mature Natural Killer-Cell Neoplasm Manifesting Multiple Choroidal Lesions: Primary Intraocular Natural Killer-Cell Lymphoma

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    Yoshiaki Tagawa

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Natural killer (NK cell neoplasm is a rare disease that follows an acute course and has a poor prognosis. It usually emerges from the nose and appears in the ocular tissue as a metastasis. Herein, we describe a case of NK-cell neoplasm in which the eye was considered to be the primary organ. Case: A 50-year-old female displayed bilateral anterior chamber cells, vitreous opacity, bullous retinal detachment, and multiple white choroidal mass lesions. Although malignant lymphoma or metastatic tumor was suspected, various systemic examinations failed to detect any positive results. A vitrectomy was performed OS; however, histocytological analyses from the vitreous sample showed no definite evidence of malignancy, and IL-10 concentration was low. Enlarged choroidal masses were fused together. Three weeks after the first visit, the patient suddenly developed an attack of fever, night sweat, and hepatic dysfunction, and 5 days later, she passed away due to multiple organ failure. Immunohistochemisty and in situ hybridization revealed the presence of atypical cells positive for CD3, CD56, and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNAs, resulting in the diagnosis of NK-cell neoplasm. With the characteristic clinical course, we concluded that this neoplasm was a primary intraocular NK-cell lymphoma. Conclusions: This is the first report to describe primary intraocular NK-cell neoplasm. When we encounter atypical choroidal lesions, we should consider the possibility of NK-cell lymphoma, even though it is a rare disease.

  19. Report of a case of primary breast lymphoma highlighting the importance of fine needle aspiration cytology as an initial diagnostic tool

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    Millu F Jain

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma of breast is a rare pathology, representing 0.5% of malignant breast tumors. We report a case of 52 year old female presenting with a large painful mass in left breast with ipsilateral axillary lymph node diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology as non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma. Breast lymphoma should be differentiated from other breast malignancies because of the differences in their treatment modalities. When breast lymphoma presents as a lump with axillary node, it clinically mimics breast carcinoma. Ultrasonogram and mammogram shows no characteristic features that can distinguish it from other breast malignancy. In such cases, FNAC becomes an important diagnostic tool that can differentiate PBL from other breast malignancy and avoid unnecessary surgery.

  20. Case report of a metachronous multiple tumor: Mantle cell lymphoma in the orbital region associated with epithelial malignancies at other sites

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    Juliana S. F. Medrado

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Here we report the case of a 73-year-old man who was diagnosed with metachronous, multiple primary tumors with non-Hodgkin B-cell mantle cell lymphoma involving the orbit on the basis of biopsy and immunohistochemistry in 2012. The patient had been diagnosed with non-Hodgkin small cell lymphoma and basal cell skin carcinoma in 2010 and intestinal adenocarcinoma with metastasis to the regional lymph nodes in 2011, thus representing a typical case of metachronous, multiple primary tumors. Mantle cell lymphoma is a rare disease and its prognosis is quite poor, particularly when it is associated with other metachronous malignancies. Therefore, physicians should consider mantle cell lymphoma as a differential diagnosis for neoplasms of the orbit.

  1. Collision of Lymphoepithelioma-like Carcinoma with Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma of the Stomach: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Liyan; Zhao, Huishan; Sheng, Lin; Yang, Ping; Zhou, Huihui; Wang, Ruizheng

    2017-08-01

    Collision of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the stomach is extremely rare. Herein we report a case of LELC with primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the stomach in a 65-year-old patient. Gastric endoscopy showed a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma of the stomach. The patient underwent radical gastrectomy, and histopathological examinations revealed the collision of LELC and DLBCL of the stomach. In situ hybridization showed that most carcinoma cells of LELC were positive for EBV-encoded small RNA (EBER) suggesting that the virus infection happened in the early stage of tumorigenesis, while DLBCL was negative. This is the first report of collision of EBV-associated LELC with primary DLBCL of the stomach. Copyright© 2017, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.

  2. A Case Report: Systemic Lymph Node Tuberculosis Mimicking Lymphoma on 18F-FDG PET/CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qingxuan; Chen, Endong; Cai, Yefeng; Zhang, Xiangjian; Li, Quan; Zhang, Xiaohua

    2016-03-01

    F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography--an established modality for evaluating malignancies--exhibits increased uptake under inflammatory conditions. A 21-year-old man came to our hospital with persistent pain in his right lower quadrant of abdomen for more than 1 month, but had no diarrhea, fever, chills, weight loss, or other constitutional symptoms. Colonoscopy analysis showed no organic diseases in his colorectum. Ultrasound results revealed multiple enlarged lymph nodes in the bilateral neck, axilla, and groin. Positron emission tomography analysis was performed and showed intense ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose accumulation in the bilateral neck, supraclavicular, pulmonary hilar, mediastinum, gastric paracardial, and mesenterium lymph node. These findings were considered typical for lymphoma. To confirm the diagnosis, we obtained a diagnostic biopsy in the left supraclavicular lymph node. The diagnosis of tuberculosis was confirmed in the final pathology. This uncommon case underscores the necessity of considering lymph node tuberculosis as a possible differential diagnosis in lymphoma.

  3. Ibrutinib Treatment of Mantle Cell Lymphoma Relapsing at Central Nervous System: A Case Report and Literature Review

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    Donato Mannina

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL accounts for about 5% of all lymphomas. Its clinical and histological features are heterogeneous. After a frequently good initial response, the disease generally and repeatedly relapses and finally the outcome is poor. Particularly severe is the prognosis of the rare occurrence of CNSi (Central Nervous System involvement. Ibrutinib, an oral inhibitor of Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK, has shown strong activity in relapsing patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL and MCL. Few reports are available about treatment with ibrutinib of patients presenting CNSi by lymphoproliferative diseases (LPD. In all of them, ibrutinib, at the dosage between 420 and 560 mg/day, showed an impressive effectiveness. Here we describe a case of MCL with CNS relapse showing an excellent response to ibrutinib administered at the unusual dose of 280 mg/day because of concomitant treatment of cardiological disease.

  4. Mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, a lymphoma type with several characteristics unique among diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth, T F; Leithäuser, F; Möller, P

    2001-01-01

    Mediastinal B-cell lymphoma is a locally highly aggressive tumor with a rather unique pattern of clinical, morphologic, imunologic, and genetic features distinct from other diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. Characterization of this disease has been hampered by the relatively low incidence of this lymphoma type. Although recent studies on larger numbers of cases have allowed new insights into biology and clinics of this lymphoma type, the histogenesis of mediastinal B-cell lymphoma is not yet fully understood. This review will list morphologic, immunlogic, and genetic properties of mediastinal B-cell lymphoma and discuss recent data regarding the biology of this lymphoma type.

  5. Primary adrenal non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ram, Nanik; Rashid, Owais; Farooq, Saad; Ulhaq, Imran; Islam, Najmul

    2017-04-15

    Lymphomas are cancers that arise from the white blood cells and have been traditionally divided into two large subtypes: Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. B-cell lymphoma is the most common subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma; almost 85% of patients with lymphoma have this variant. Lymphomas can potentially arise from any lymphoid tissue located in the body; however, primary adrenal non-Hodgkin lymphoma is extremely rare. We report the history, examination findings, and laboratory results of a 50-year-old man diagnosed with a primary left adrenal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. A 50-year-old Pakistani man presented to our hospital with progressively increasing pain and fullness in the left upper quadrant of his abdomen, generalized weakness, easy fatigability, and decreased appetite of 1.5 months' duration. On examination, he had a blood pressure of 140/80 mmHg with no postural drop, a pulse rate of 106 beats/minute, and no fever. His past medical history was significant for pulmonary tuberculosis 2 years earlier, for which he received antituberculous therapy. Computed tomography revealed a heterogeneous enhancing soft tissue density mass in the left adrenal gland. It measured 7.1 × 5.6 × 9.5 cm. Further laboratory workup revealed the following levels: sodium 135 mEq/L, potassium 4.5 mEq/L, lactate dehydrogenase 905 IU/L, renin 364 IU/ml, aldosterone 5.79 ng/dl, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate 79.20 μg/dl, urinary vanillylmandelic acid 6.4 mg/24 hours, and a low-dose overnight dexamethasone suppression test result of 3.20 μg/dl. The patient underwent left adrenalectomy. Histopathological test results showed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Immunohistochemical stains were strongly positive for CD20 and negative for CD3, CD5, CD10, and cyclin D1. The patient's Ki-67 (Mib-1) index was approximately 80%. He received a total of six cycles of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy (rituximab was not given, owing to financial

  6. A Case of Acute Hepatitis E Infection in a Patient with Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Treated Successfully with Ribavirin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan N. Y. Haboubi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the case of a man who, following immunosuppressive treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma, became infected with viral hepatitis E. Acute hepatitis E virus infection should be considered in patients with deranged liver function on a background of haematological malignancies or immunosuppression, even without travel to endemic regions. Whilst clearance is usually spontaneous in immune-competent individuals, these at-risk groups may develop a more complicated and protracted disease course. Thus awareness is important as additional treatment with ribavirin or pegylated interferon may be required, as in this case, in order to help achieve eradication.

  7. [Secondary orbital lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basanta, I; Sevillano, C; Álvarez, M D

    2015-09-01

    A case is presented of an 85 year-old Caucasian female with lymphoma that recurred in the orbit (secondary ocular adnexal lymphoma). The orbital tumour was a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma according to the REAL classification (Revised European-American Lymphoma Classification). Orbital lymphomas are predominantly B-cell proliferations of a variety of histological types, and most are low-grade tumours. Patients are usually middle-aged or elderly, and it is slightly more common in women. A palpable mass, proptosis and blepharoptosis are the most common signs of presentation. Copyright © 2011 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  8. Intestinal mass in a one year old child: An unusual presentation of Strongyloides stercolaris infection. Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Aragon, MD

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Intestinal strongyloidiasis is a common disease in the world. In children, the worldwide prevalence rates ranged from 0.6% to 5.3% [1]. In Colombia studies report a prevalence of 1.3% in children, although it may be higher [2]. The most frequent symptoms are abdominal pain, diarrhea and weight loss. However, on rare occasions the infection can cause duodenal obstruction, pyloric hypertrophy and colonic mass. This article reports the first case of a toddler who presented with a mass in the cecum as a manifestation of Strongyloides stercolaris infection, which required surgical resection as it was initially believed to be a Burkitt lymphoma.

  9. Large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma masquerading as renal carcinoma with inferior vena cava thrombosis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weissman Alan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Many cancers are associated with inferior vena cava (IVC obstruction, but very few cancers have the ability to propagate within the lumen of the renal vein or the IVC. Renal cell carcinoma is the most common of these cancers. Renal cancer with IVC extension has a high rate of recurrence and a low five year survival rate. Case presentation A 62-year-old Caucasian woman previously in good health developed the sudden onset of severe reflux symptoms and right-sided abdominal pain that radiated around the right flank. A subsequent ultrasound and CT scan revealed a right upper pole renal mass with invasion of the right adrenal gland, liver, left renal vein and IVC. This appeared to be consistent with stage III renal cancer with IVC extension. Metastatic nodules were believed to be present in the right pericardial region; the superficial anterior abdominal wall; the left perirenal, abdominal and pelvic regions; and the left adrenal gland. The pattern of these metastases, as well as the invasion of the liver by the tumor, was thought to be atypical of renal cancer. A needle biopsy of a superficial abdominal wall mass revealed a surprising finding: The malignant cells were diagnostic of large-cell, B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The lymphoma responded dramatically to systemic chemotherapy, which avoided the need for nephrectomy. Conclusion Lymphomas only rarely progress via intraluminal vascular extension. We have been able to identify only one other case report of renal lymphoma with renal vein and IVC extension. While renal cancer would have been treated with radical nephrectomy and tumor embolectomy, large-cell B-cell lymphomas are treated primarily with chemotherapy, and nephrectomy would have been detrimental. It is important to remember that, rarely, other types of cancer arise from the kidney which are not derived from the renal tubular epithelium. These may be suspected if an atypical pattern of metastases or unusual

  10. T Cell Lymphoma and Leukemia in Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Pigs following Bone Marrow Transplantation: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellis J. Powell

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available After the discovery of naturally occurring severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID within a selection line of pigs at Iowa State University, we found two causative mutations in the Artemis gene: haplotype 12 (ART12 and haplotype 16 (ART16. Bone marrow transplants (BMTs were performed to create genetically SCID and phenotypically immunocompetent breeding animals to establish a SCID colony for further characterization and research utilization. Of nine original BMT transfer recipients, only four achieved successful engraftment. At approximately 11 months of age, both animals homozygous for the ART16 mutation were diagnosed with T cell lymphoma. One of these ART16/ART16 recipients was a male who received a transplant from a female sibling; the tumors in this recipient consist primarily of Y chromosome-positive cells. The other ART16/ART16 animal also presented with leukemia in addition to T cell lymphoma, while one of the ART12/ART16 compound heterozygote recipients presented with a nephroblastoma at a similar age. Human Artemis SCID patients have reported cases of lymphoma associated with a “leaky” Artemis phenotype. The naturally occurring Artemis SCID pig offers a large animal model more similar to human SCID patients and may offer a naturally occurring cancer model and provides a valuable platform for therapy development.

  11. [Malignant lymphoma presented as recurrent multiple cranial nerve palsy after spontaneous regression of oculomotor nerve palsy: A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirose, Takahiko; Nakajima, Hideto; Shigekiyo, Tarou; Yokote, Taiji; Ishida, Shimon; Kimura, Fumiharu

    2016-01-01

    We report the case of a 62-year-old man who presented with malignant lymphoma as recurrent multiple cranial nerve palsy after spontaneous regression of oculomotor nerve palsy. He developed ptosis and diplopia due to right oculomotor nerve palsy. Brain MRI/MRA showed no abnormality, and he recovered with conservative medical management. Three months later, he showed diplopia due to right abducens nerve palsy and facial pain and trigeminal sensory loss. Neurological examination revealed multiple cranial nerve palsy involved cranial nerve III, V, IX, and X of the right side. Serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor levels were normal, and cerebrospinal fluid examination was unremarkable. Steroid and subsequent intravenous immunoglobulin therapy didn't improve his symptoms. Six weeks after his admission, he showed rapid enlargement of the cervical lymph node and the right tonsil, and post-contrast T1-weighted MRI showed enlargement and enhancement of the left infraorbital nerve, the bilateral cavernous sinus, the bilateral facial nerves, and the left trigeminal nerve. The histopathologic examination of the tonsil biopsy revealed diffuse large B cell lymphoma. The cause of these symptoms was thought to be infiltrating the cavernous sinus, and adjacent nerves. Spontaneous regression of malignant lymphoma is an exceptional event, but this possibility should be considered so as to the correct diagnosis and proper treatment.

  12. Dietary pattern and risk of hodgkin lymphoma in a population-based case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Mara M; Chang, Ellen T; Zhang, Yawei; Fung, Teresa T; Batista, Julie L; Ambinder, Richard F; Zheng, Tongzhang; Mueller, Nancy E; Birmann, Brenda M

    2015-09-01

    Classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) has few known modifiable risk factors, and the relationship between diet and cHL risk is unclear. We performed the first investigation of an association between dietary pattern and cHL risk in 435 cHL cases and 563 population-based controls from Massachusetts and Connecticut (1997-2000) who completed baseline diet questionnaires. We identified 4 major dietary patterns ("vegetable," "high meat," "fruit/low-fat dairy," "desserts/sweets") using principal components analysis. We computed multivariable odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for associations of dietary pattern score (quartiles) with younger-adult (age desserts/sweets was associated with younger-adult (odds ratio(quartile 4 vs. quartile 1) = 1.60, 95% confidence interval: 1.05, 2.45; Ptrend = 0.008) and EBV-negative, younger-adult (odds ratio = 2.11, 95% confidence interval: 1.31, 3.41; Ptrend = 0.007) cHL risk. A high meat diet was associated with older-adult (odds ratio = 3.34, 95% confidence interval: 1.02, 10.91; Ptrend = 0.04) and EBV-negative, older-adult (odds ratio = 4.64, 95% confidence interval: 1.03, 20.86; Ptrend = 0.04) cHL risk. Other dietary patterns were not clearly associated with cHL. We report the first evidence for a role of dietary pattern in cHL etiology. Diets featuring high intake of meat or desserts and sweets may increase cHL risk. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health 2015. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.

  13. Parenthood in survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma: an EORTC-GELA general population case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Kaaij, Marleen A E; Heutte, Natacha; Meijnders, Paul; Abeilard-Lemoisson, Edwige; Spina, Michele; Moser, Lotte C; Allgeier, Anouk; Meulemans, Bart; Dubois, Brice; Simons, Arnold H M; Lugtenburg, Pieternella J; Aleman, Berthe M P; Noordijk, Evert M; Fermé, Christophe; Thomas, José; Stamatoullas, Aspasia; Fruchart, Christophe; Brice, Pauline; Gaillard, Isabelle; Doorduijn, Jeanette K; Sebban, Catherine; Smit, Wilma G J M; Bologna, Serge; Roesink, Judith M; Ong, Francisca; André, Marc P E; Raemaekers, John M M; Henry-Amar, Michel; Kluin-Nelemans, Hanneke C

    2012-11-01

    We investigated the impact of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) on parenthood, including factors influencing parenthood probability, by comparing long-term HL survivors with matched general population controls. A Life Situation Questionnaire was sent to 3,604 survivors treated from 1964 to 2004 in successive clinical trials. Responders were matched with controls (1:3 or 4) for sex, country, education, and year of birth (10-year groups). Controls were given an artificial date of start of treatment equal to that of their matched case. The main end point was presence of biologic children after treatment, which was evaluated by using conditional logistic regression analysis. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze factors influencing spontaneous post-treatment parenthood. In all, 1,654 French and Dutch survivors were matched with 6,414 controls. Median follow-up was 14 years (range, 5 to 44 years). After treatment, the odds ratio (OR) for having children was 0.77 (95% CI, 0.68 to 0.87; P < .001) for survivors compared with controls. Of 898 survivors who were childless before treatment, 46.7% achieved post-treatment parenthood compared with 49.3% of 3,196 childless controls (OR, 0.87; P = .08). Among 756 survivors with children before treatment, 12.4% became parents after HL treatment compared with 22.2% of 3,218 controls with children before treatment (OR, 0.49; P < .001). Treatment with alkylating agents, second-line therapy, and age older than 35 years at treatment appeared to reduce the chances of spontaneous post-treatment parenthood. Survivors of HL had slightly but significantly fewer children after treatment than matched general population controls. The difference concerned only survivors who had children before treatment and appears to have more personal than biologic reasons. The chance of successful post-treatment parenthood was 76%.

  14. Supratentorial metastatic enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma: A case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Defillo, Archie; Zelensky, Andrea; Simmons, Byron H; Nussbaum, Eric S

    2012-01-01

    We are describing a rare case of supratentorial metastatic enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL). While these lesions are a rare complication of EATL, the implications are grave and they must be evaluated as a diagnostic possibility when a patient with known celiac disease presents with acute neurological deterioration. In addition, multidisciplinary care teams are recommended by the authors as critical to providing the most comprehensive patient care. A 65-year-old female presented to the emergency room with uncontrolled abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Initial abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan indicated a small bowel obstruction with a transition point at the jejunal area. Differential diagnosis included small bowel neoplasm, adhesions, or a reactive intestinal inflammatory process. Shortly after presentation, the patient's clinical condition worsened, requiring emergency small bowel resection. Histological analysis of the resected bowel segments demonstrated medium-sized infiltrating lymphocytes with characteristic pleomorphic nuclei and prominent nucleoli. Immunohistochemical stains revealed tumor cells positive for CD-3. Immunohistochemical analysis for Ki-67 showed a markedly increased proliferative index, with 90% of lymphocytes staining positive. Polymerase chain reaction analysis for T-cell receptor-gamma gene rearrangement was positive, demonstrating the presence of a clonal population of T-cells. The combined morphological and immunophenotypic features of this lesion were consistent with jejunal EATL. Five weeks post-diagnosis, she developed new onset neurological symptoms consisting of changes in her mental status and left facio-brachial weakness. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a single ill-defined, irregular, right fronto-parietal enhancing lesion surrounded by vasogenic edema. Surgical resection and histopathologic evaluation of the biopsied lesion confirmed the diagnosis of metastatic EATL involving the brain

  15. Dietary Pattern and Risk of Hodgkin Lymphoma in a Population-Based Case-Control Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Mara M.; Chang, Ellen T.; Zhang, Yawei; Fung, Teresa T.; Batista, Julie L.; Ambinder, Richard F.; Zheng, Tongzhang; Mueller, Nancy E.; Birmann, Brenda M.

    2015-01-01

    Classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) has few known modifiable risk factors, and the relationship between diet and cHL risk is unclear. We performed the first investigation of an association between dietary pattern and cHL risk in 435 cHL cases and 563 population-based controls from Massachusetts and Connecticut (1997–2000) who completed baseline diet questionnaires. We identified 4 major dietary patterns (“vegetable,” “high meat,” “fruit/low-fat dairy,” “desserts/sweets”) using principal components analysis. We computed multivariable odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for associations of dietary pattern score (quartiles) with younger-adult (age desserts/sweets was associated with younger-adult (odds ratio(quartile 4 vs. quartile 1) = 1.60, 95% confidence interval: 1.05, 2.45; Ptrend = 0.008) and EBV-negative, younger-adult (odds ratio = 2.11, 95% confidence interval: 1.31, 3.41; Ptrend = 0.007) cHL risk. A high meat diet was associated with older-adult (odds ratio = 3.34, 95% confidence interval: 1.02, 10.91; Ptrend = 0.04) and EBV-negative, older-adult (odds ratio = 4.64, 95% confidence interval: 1.03, 20.86; Ptrend = 0.04) cHL risk. Other dietary patterns were not clearly associated with cHL. We report the first evidence for a role of dietary pattern in cHL etiology. Diets featuring high intake of meat or desserts and sweets may increase cHL risk. PMID:26182945

  16. An Unusual Case of Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma Arising in the Breast - Its Diagnosis and the Role of Radiotherapy in its Management.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Rock, Kathy

    2011-10-01

    BACKGROUND: Primary lymphoma of the breast accounts for 0.04-0.5% of all breast malignancies and approximately 1% of all extranodal lymphomas. For stage IE node-negative disease, involved field radiotherapy is recommended except for very young women in whom the risk of breast cancer is a concern. The rate of complete response for limited stage extranodal marginal B-cell lymphoma is in excess of 90%. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 62-year-old lady who presented with a unilateral painless palpable right breast lump. She subsequently underwent a trucut biopsy of the lesion. The histology revealed a low-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin\\'s lymphoma (NHL). Immunohistochemistry showed that more than 95% of the cells were B cells which were CD 20+\\/CD 45+ and BC L6+. This confirmed the diagnosis of marginal zone lymphoma. Staging work-up was negative for distant metastases. Serum alkaline phosphatase and lactate dehydrogenase were normal. The patient had no \\'B\\' symptoms. Her final diagnosis was clinical stage IAE NHL, and she was referred for curative radiotherapy. CONCLUSION: Radiation treatment is a safe and extremely effective modality of treatment for early stage I marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of the breast.

  17. [Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the breast. A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalón-López, José Sebastián; Souto-Del Bosque, Rosalía; Méndez-Sashida, Pedro Gonzalo

    Primary breast lymphomas, a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, represent 0.04 to 0.5% of all breast cancers, 0.38 to 0.7% of all lymphomas, and 1.7 to 2.2% of extranodal lymphomas. The treatment choice is based on chemotherapy containing anthracycline and rituximab. Surgery is limited to being less invasive and only for diagnostic purposes. Radiotherapy has an important role as consolidation therapy, particularly in patients with negative nodes. A 70 year old woman with a breast nodule in the left upper outer quadrant, with slow growth, expansive, painless, and accompanied by skin changes, malaise, weight loss, fatigue, chill, and sweating. There was tissue replacement by the mammary gland tumour, skin changes due to invasion, and a 5cm axillary lymphadenopathy. The mammography showed skin thickening and a dense pattern of 80% of breast tissue replacement, and the lymphadenopathy with loss of radiolucent centre and soft tissue invasion. The biopsy confirmed a diffuse high grade large cell lymphoma. She received an Rituximab (R-CHOP) chemotherapy scheme and radiotherapy with tangential and supraclavicular and axillary fields. After completing the chemotherapy, the patient is on follow-up, and at 15 months she is alive without disease activity. Primary lymphoma of the breast is a rare entity. Multimodal treatment with combined chemo-radiotherapy is the cornerstone. Surgery is reserved only for diagnostic purposes. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  18. Pneumonia due to Rhodococcus equi in a non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patient: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iuri de França Bonilha

    Full Text Available The authors reported a lung infection by Rhodococcus equi in a 25 years-old male patient admitted to hospital with cough, dyspnea, fever, and previous diagnosis of pleural effusion. R. equi was isolated from pleural fluid and the patient acquired nosocomial infection by Acinetobacter baumannii, isolated from chest drain. The patient was treated with antibiotics. During hospitalization, he was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma of precursor T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma subtype in biopsy of pleura. After undergoing surgery for pulmonary decortication for drain empyema, the patient died due to septicemia.

  19. Marginal zone lymphoma-derived interfollicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma harboring 20q12 chromosomal deletion and missense mutation of BIRC3 gene: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatem, Joseph; Schrank-Hacker, April M; Watt, Christopher D; Morrissette, Jennifer J D; Rubin, Adam I; Kim, Ellen J; Nasta, Sunita D; Wasik, Mariusz A; Bogusz, Agata M

    2016-12-19

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) typically leads to effacement of the nodal architecture by an infiltrate of malignant cells. Rarely (DLBCL can present with an interfollicular pattern (DLBCL-IF) preserving the lymphoid follicles. It has been postulated that DLBCL-IF is derived from marginal zone B cells and may represent a large-cell transformation of marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), however no direct evidence has been provided to date. Here we describe a rare case of a diagnostically challenging DLBCL-IF involving a lymph node in a patient with a prior history of lymphadenopathy for several years and MZL involving skin. A 53-year old man presented to our Dermatology Clinic due to a 1-year history of generalized itching, fatigue of 2-3 month's duration, nausea and mid back rash that was biopsied. PET (positron emission tomography)/CT (computed tomography) was performed and revealed inguinal, pelvic, retroperitoneal, axillary, and cervical lymphadenopathy. The patient was referred to surgery for excisional biopsy of a right inguinal lymph node. Diagnostic H&E stained slides and ancillary studies were reviewed for the lymph node and skin specimens. B-cell clonality by PCR and sequencing studies were performed on both specimens. We demonstrate that this patient's MZL and DLBCL-IF are clonally related, strongly suggesting that transformation of MZL to DLBCL had occurred. Furthermore, we identified a novel deletion of the long arm of chromosome 20 (del(20q12)) and a missense mutation in BIRC3 (Baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 3) in this patient's DLBCL that are absent from his MZL, suggesting that these genetic alterations contributed to the large cell transformation. To our knowledge, this is the first report providing molecular evidence for a previously suspected link between MZL and DLBCL-IF. In addition, we describe for the first time del(20q12) and a missense mutation in BIRC3 in DLBCL. Our findings also raise awareness of DLBCL-IF and discuss the

  20. Identification of highly methylated genes across various types of B-cell non-hodgkin lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Bethge

    Full Text Available Epigenetic alterations of gene expression are important in the development of cancer. In this study, we identified genes which are epigenetically altered in major lymphoma types. We used DNA microarray technology to assess changes in gene expression after treatment of 11 lymphoma cell lines with epigenetic drugs. We identified 233 genes with upregulated expression in treated cell lines and with downregulated expression in B-cell lymphoma patient samples (n = 480 when compared to normal B cells (n = 5. The top 30 genes were further analyzed by methylation specific PCR (MSP in 18 lymphoma cell lines. Seven of the genes were methylated in more than 70% of the cell lines and were further subjected to quantitative MSP in 37 B-cell lymphoma patient samples (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (activated B-cell like and germinal center B-cell like subtypes, follicular lymphoma and Burkitt`s lymphoma and normal B lymphocytes from 10 healthy donors. The promoters of DSP, FZD8, KCNH2, and PPP1R14A were methylated in 28%, 67%, 22%, and 78% of the 36 tumor samples, respectively, but not in control samples. Validation using a second series of healthy donor controls (n = 42; normal B cells, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, bone marrow, tonsils and follicular hyperplasia and fresh-frozen lymphoma biopsies (n = 25, confirmed the results. The DNA methylation biomarker panel consisting of DSP, FZD8, KCNH2, and PPP1R14A was positive in 89% (54/61 of all lymphomas. Receiver operating characteristic analysis to determine the discriminative power between lymphoma and healthy control samples showed a c-statistic of 0.96, indicating a possible role for the biomarker panel in monitoring of lymphoma patients.

  1. An Unusual Case of Plasmablastic Lymphoma Presenting as Paravertebral Mass Evaluated by {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Treglia, Giorgio; Paone, Gaetano; Stathis, Anastasios; Ceriani, Luca; Giovanella, Luca [Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Bellinzona (Switzerland)

    2014-03-15

    A 60-year-old man underwent radiological investigations due to the onset of back pain. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed the presence of a paravertebral mass located ahead the body of the third thoracic vertebra. Based on these findings the patient underwent biopsy of the paravertebral mass, which showed the presence of a plasmablastic lymphoma. Therefore, the patient underwent fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ({sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT) for staging. Before {sup 18}F-FDG injection, the patient had fasted for at least 6 h; at the time of the radiopharmaceutical injection he presented glucose blood levels corresponding to 98 mg/dl. Images were acquired 1 h after intravenous injection of 280 MBq of {sup 18}F-FDG according to the body mass index. PET images were interpreted visually and semiquantitatively by using the maximal standardized uptake value (SUVmax). {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT showed moderate radiopharmaceutical uptake corresponding to the paravertebral lesion (SUVmax 3.3) and diffuse uptake in the skeleton suspicious for bone marrow neoplastic involvement, with more evident hypermetabolic areas in the left scapula (SUVmax 3.7), right sixth rib (SUVmax 3.5), and left iliac bone (SUVmax 3.4) (Fig. 1). Subsequent bone marrow biopsy confirmed the bone marrow infiltration by plasmablastic cells. Based on these findings, a final diagnosis of plasmablastic lymphoma with bone marrow involvement was performed and the patient was addressed to chemotherapy. Plasmablastic lymphoma is a rare CD20-negative large-cell lymphoma with plasmablastic features occurring primarily in HIV or Epstein-Barr virus positive individuals. Distinguishing this tumor from myeloma could be challenging. The most frequent site of presentation is the oral cavity, whereas extraoral localizations of plasmablastic lymphoma are considered to be very rare and they should be differentiated from extraosseous localization of

  2. Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the bladder: case report and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of the bladder is a very rare entity. The clinical, radiological and endoscopic signs are not specifics. The diagnosis is exclusively histological. Chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery are the different therapeutic options used either alone or in combination. We report a 57 years old ...

  3. Parenthood in Survivors of Hodgkin Lymphoma : An EORTC-GELA General Population Case-Control Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Kaaij, Marleen A. E.; Heutte, Natacha; Meijnders, Paul; Abeilard-Lemoisson, Edwige; Spina, Michele; Moser, Lotte C.; Allgeier, Anouk; Meulemans, Bart; Dubois, Brice; Simons, Arnold H. M.; Lugtenburg, Pieternella J.; Aleman, Berthe M. P.; Noordijk, Evert M.; Ferme, Christophe; Thomas, Jose; Stamatoullas, Aspasia; Fruchart, Christophe; Brice, Pauline; Gaillard, Isabelle; Doorduijn, Jeanette K.; Sebban, Catherine; Smit, Wilma G. J. M.; Bologna, Serge; Roesink, Judith M.; Ong, Francisca; Andre, Marc P. E.; Raemaekers, John M. M.; Henry-Amar, Michel; Kluin-Nelemans, Hanneke C.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose We investigated the impact of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) on parenthood, including factors influencing parenthood probability, by comparing long-term HL survivors with matched general population controls. Patients and Methods A Life Situation Questionnaire was sent to 3,604 survivors treated from

  4. Parenthood in survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma: An EORTC-GELA general population case-control study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.A.E. van der Kaaij (Marleen A.); N. Heutte (Natacha); P. Meijnders (Paul); E. Abeilard-Lemoisson (Edwige); M. Spina (Michele); L.C. Moser (Lotte); A. Allgeier (Anouk); B. Meulemans (Bart); B. Dubois (Brice); A.H.M. Simons; P.J. Lugtenburg (Pieternella); B.M.P. Aleman (Berthe); E.M. Noordijk (Evert); C. Fermé (Christophe); J. Thomas (Jose); A. Stamatoullas (Aspasia); C. Fruchart (Christophe); P. Brice (Pauline); I. Gaillard (Isabelle); J.K. Doorduijn (Jeanette); C. Sebban (Catherine); W.G. Smit (Wilma); S. Bologna (Serge); J.M. Roesink (Judith); F. Ong (Francisca); J.-L. André (Jean-Luc); J. Raemaekers (John); M. Henry-Amar (Michel); J.C. Kluin-Nelemans (Hanneke)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: We investigated the impact of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) on parenthood, including factors influencing parenthood probability, by comparing long-term HL survivors with matched general population controls. Patients and Methods: A Life Situation Questionnaire was sent to 3,604 survivors

  5. Parenthood in survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma: an EORTC-GELA general population case-control study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaaij, M.A. van der; Heutte, N.; Meijnders, P.; Abeilard-Lemoisson, E.; Spina, M.; Moser, L.C.; Allgeier, A.; Meulemans, B.; Dubois, B.; Simons, A.H.; Lugtenburg, P.J.; Aleman, B.M.; Noordijk, E.M.; Ferme, C.; Thomas, J.; Stamatoullas, A.; Fruchart, C.; Brice, P.; Gaillard, I.; Doorduijn, J.K.; Sebban, C.; Smit, W.G.; Bologna, S.; Roesink, J.M.; Ong, F.; Andre, M.P.; Raemaekers, J.M.M.; Henry-Amar, M.; Kluin-Nelemans, H.C.

    2012-01-01

    PURPOSE: We investigated the impact of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) on parenthood, including factors influencing parenthood probability, by comparing long-term HL survivors with matched general population controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A Life Situation Questionnaire was sent to 3,604 survivors treated

  6. CD 33 Positive Lymphoma in a Male Alsatian Dog: A Case Report ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There is a relative lack of information in the veterinary literature regarding the epidemiology, pathology and immunophenotypic classification of canine lymphomas in Nigeria. The carcass of a two year old male Alsatian dog with a history of dullness and anorexia of a few days duration was submitted for postmortem ...

  7. Germline FAS gene mutation in a case of ALPS and NLP Hodgkin lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Berg, Anke; Maggio, Ewerton; Diepstra, A; de Jong, Doetje; van Krieken, J; Poppema, S

    2002-01-01

    FAS germline mutations have been associated with the development of autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). Occurrence of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) has been reported in 2 families with ALPS. In both families an uncle of the index patient developed HL. A 15-year-old boy with autoommune

  8. Extranodal B Cell Lymphoma with Prominent Spindle Cell Features Arising in Uterus and in Maxillary Sinus: Report of Two Cases and Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yiting; Cui, Wei; Woodroof, Janet M; Zhang, Da

    2016-01-01

    Primary B-cell lymphoma exhibiting a spindle dominant pattern is extremely rare and represents a potential diagnostic pitfall. Here we report two cases of extranodal B cell lymphoma with spindle cell dominant morphology (sp-BCL) of uterus and maxillary sinus. Case 1 was a 54-year-old female with a large mass in the lower uterine segment, inseparable from the wall of the rectum and the urinary bladder. This is the first report of primary sp-BCL arising in the lower uterine segment. Case 2 was a 54-year-old male with a permeative mass involving the maxillary sinus wall with extension into the premaxillary soft tissues. Biopsies of both cases revealed a diffuse infiltration by medium to large atypical spindle cells. A panel of immunohistochemical stains was performed to rule out the possibilities of sarcoma, carcinoma, or melanoma. The final diagnosis was diffuse large B cell lymphoma, germinal center type. This is the first report of sp-BCL incorporating molecular genetic studies and the next-generation sequencing analysis performed on the maxillary lymphoma revealed three genomic alterations in genes of EZH2 (Y646N), IRF8 (S55A), and TNFRSF14 (splice site 304+2T>C). These genes were reported to play important roles in the pathogenesis of diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Both patients achieved complete remission after excision and chemo-radiation therapy despite the extensive local involvement. © 2016 by the Association of Clinical Scientists, Inc.

  9. A case of cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma of the legs appearing as chronic venous ulceration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Carlesimo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available We report here a case of a woman with a cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma of the legs. She had a plaque lesion, superficially ulcerated and necrotized with tumorous borders situated on the posterior side of the right leg and two red or bluish-red nodular lesions. A skin biopsy from both nodular and plaque lesion showed a diffuse infiltrate of atypical large B cells CD20+ and CD79a+, spanning epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue. A therapeutic approach containing anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (rituximab was suggested.

  10. Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma of the Submandibular Salivary Gland as an Unusual Manifestation of Richter’s Syndrome: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vadim R. Gorodetskiy

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Richter’s syndrome is the development of high-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL or Hodgkin lymphoma in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL. In most patients with Richter’s syndrome, the high-grade NHL is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Only a small minority of CLL/SLL patients develop T-cell malignancies. Herein, we describe a 40-year-old male patient presenting with peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS in the submandibular salivary gland, two years after the diagnosis of CLL/SLL. The PTCL-NOS consisted of small lymphocytes, which complicated diagnosis. Immunohistochemical, cytological, and molecular studies allowed the correct diagnosis of composite lymphoma (SLL/PTCL-NOS of the submandibular salivary gland. The PTCL-NOS had a cytotoxic phenotype and aberrant expression of CD79a. There was no evidence to suggest that the PTCL-NOS of the submandibular salivary gland developed from an intimately associated submandibular lymph node or by PTCL-NOS dissemination. A review of the literature and presented case suppose that the PTCLs developed following CLL/SLL have the cytotoxic phenotype and can clinically mimic typical Richter’s syndrome.

  11. MALT Lymphoma of Minor Salivary Glands in a Sjögren's Syndrome Patient: a Case Report and Review of Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Titsinides, Savvas; Nikitakis, Nikolaos; Piperi, Evangelia; Sklavounou, Alexandra

    2017-01-01

    Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic systemic disease, characterized by lymphocytic infiltration and destruction mainly of the salivary and lacrimal glands, resulting in xerostomia and xeropthalmia. Sjögren's syndrome patients have a 44-fold excess risk for the development of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma particularly mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, prevalently affecting the major salivary glands. In this report, a rare case of MALT lymphoma of minor salivary glands in a patient with Sjögren's syndrome is described. A review of the published cases of MALT lymphoma located in the minor salivary glands of patients with Sjögren's syndrome is provided. In a 64-year-old female patient previously diagnosed with Sjögren's syndrome, an asymptomatic soft tissue mass at the palate was noticed, exhibiting rapid enlargement within one month. With a main differential diagnosis of salivary gland neoplasm or lymphoproliferative lesion, a partial biopsy was performed accompanied by proper immunohistochemical analysis. A final diagnosis of MALT lymphoma was rendered and the patient was referred for further multidisciplinary evaluation. Gastric endoscopy and biopsy revealed a Helicobacter pylori-negative gastric MALT lymphoma, while spleen involvement and bone marrow infiltration were also identified. Patient was classified as having stage IV disseminated disease and a standard chemotherapy protocol was administered; the treatment was well tolerated and resulted in complete remission. This case emphasizes the need for close monitoring of patients with Sjögren's syndrome by oral medicine specialists, which, besides ensuring proper management of xerostomia and its sequelae, may also lead to early recognition of lymphoma development.

  12. Tissue flow cytometry immunophenotyping in the diagnosis and classification of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas: a retrospective evaluation of 1,792 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demurtas, Anna; Stacchini, Alessandra; Aliberti, Sabrina; Chiusa, Luigi; Chiarle, Roberto; Novero, Domenico

    2013-03-01

    A retrospective analysis of 1,792 solid tissues suggestive of lymphoma, submitted over a 12-year period, was carried out and flow cytometry (FC) results were compared with histologic findings. The final histologic diagnosis of cases documented in this report is as follows: 1,270 non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL); 17 composite lymphomas; four NHL plus carcinomas; five post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders; 105 Hodgkin's lymphomas (HL); eight acute leukemias; 42 tissue cancers; and 341 non-neoplastic diseases. A strong correlation between morphology and FC data was observed among hematological malignancies (1,268/1,304, 97.2%) with the exception of HL. Among B-NHL, FC detection of clonally restricted B-cell allowed the identification of lymphomas that were not histologically clear and the differential diagnosis between follicular lymphoma and reactive hyperplasia. A high correlation level (r = 0.83; P < 0.0001) was obtained in comparing proliferation results obtained by FC and immunohistochemistry. Among T-NHL, FC detection of an aberrant phenotype direct histologic diagnosis in cases having less than 20% of neoplastic cells. In nine cases, FC suggested the need to evaluate a neoplastic population, not morphologically evident. Results show that FC routinely performed on tissue samples suspected of lymphomas is a fundamental adjunct to morphology in the diagnosis of NHL and may enhance the performance of the histologic evaluation so as to achieve the final diagnosis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in the literature of a wide series of tissues also studied by FC. Copyright © 2013 International Clinical Cytometry Society.

  13. MALT Lymphoma of Minor Salivary Glands in a Sjögren’s Syndrome Patient: a Case Report and Review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savvas Titsinides

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Sjögren’s syndrome is a chronic systemic disease, characterized by lymphocytic infiltration and destruction mainly of the salivary and lacrimal glands, resulting in xerostomia and xeropthalmia. Sjögren’s syndrome patients have a 44-fold excess risk for the development of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma particularly mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma, prevalently affecting the major salivary glands. In this report, a rare case of MALT lymphoma of minor salivary glands in a patient with Sjögren’s syndrome is described. A review of the published cases of MALT lymphoma located in the minor salivary glands of patients with Sjögren’s syndrome is provided. Material and Methods: In a 64-year-old female patient previously diagnosed with Sjögren’s syndrome, an asymptomatic soft tissue mass at the palate was noticed, exhibiting rapid enlargement within one month. With a main differential diagnosis of salivary gland neoplasm or lymphoproliferative lesion, a partial biopsy was performed accompanied by proper immunohistochemical analysis. Results: A final diagnosis of MALT lymphoma was rendered and the patient was referred for further multidisciplinary evaluation. Gastric endoscopy and biopsy revealed a Helicobacter pylori-negative gastric MALT lymphoma, while spleen involvement and bone marrow infiltration were also identified. Patient was classified as having stage IV disseminated disease and a standard chemotherapy protocol was administered; the treatment was well tolerated and resulted in complete remission. Conclusions: This case emphasizes the need for close monitoring of patients with Sjögren’s syndrome by oral medicine specialists, which, besides ensuring proper management of xerostomia and its sequelae, may also lead to early recognition of lymphoma development.

  14. Primary chest wall lymphoma: A rare entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Binay Kumar Shah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary chest wall lymphoma is a rare but curable condition. This paper reports a case of a 52-year-old female patient who presented with a primary chest wall diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

  15. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients with aggressive primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma - a case series of the ADF working group "cutaneous lymphomas".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moritz, Rose K C; Ditschkowski, Markus; Klemke, Claus-Detlev; Terras, Sarah; Schlaak, Max; Knorr, Martin; Theurich, Sebastian; Hegenbart, Ute; Kremens, Bernhard; Beelen, Dietrich W; Stücker, Markus; Kreuter, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) is a treatment option for primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas that may induce long-lasting complete remissions. Little information is available on safety and efficacy. We retrospectively reviewed the data from patients with primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma treated in the Departments of Dermatology of the Universities of Bochum, Mannheim and Cologne who received subsequent alloSCT between 2005 and 2012. Nine patients with aggressive primary cutaneous T-cell-lymphoma received alloSCT. With a follow-up of 14 to 36 months after transplantation, 4 patients are alive and in complete remission. Two patients had recurrent disease post-transplantation, which was successfully treated with donor lymphocyte infusions. Non-relapse mortality was observed in three patients in advanced disease stages within six months after alloSCT. One patient showed only partial remission and died of disease after 32 months and one patient died 26 months after alloSCT with cause of death unknown. This report documents the possible benefit of a graft-versus-lymphoma effect in primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, as has been observed for other T-cell malignancies and emphasizes that alloSCT warrants further studies in this setting. © 2014 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. A rare case of the upper extremity diffuse large B-cell lymphoma mimicking soft tissue sarcoma in an elderly patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamorska-Dyga, Aleksandra; Ronny, Faisal M H; Puccio, Carmelo; Islam, Humayun; Liu, Delong

    2016-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, with about 30% of new cases presenting with extranodal disease. Lesions originating from soft tissues of the upper extremities are extremely rare and may mimic other malignancies like sarcoma. We present a case of an elderly patient with right upper extremity (RUE) mass which was proven to be DLBCL instead of sarcoma. We emphasize the increasing need for investigating new therapeutic options for patients of extreme age and/or with underlying heart disease.

  17. Synchronously diagnosed lymph nodal collision tumor of malignant melanoma and chonic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sur Monalisa

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Synchronous composite tumors have been described but are uncommon. Moreover, simultaneous occurrence of synchronous tumors in the same tissue or organ is even less common. We report a case of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma and malignant melanoma (MM occurring synchronously in the same lymph node. Several cases of an association between cutaneous malignancies and lymphoproliferative disorders have been reported. Some of which included CLL and MM, occurring in the same patient often CLL after MM. The risk of having CLL after MM has been reported to be increased. Various genetic and environmental etiologies have been postulated, but have as yet not been proven. To our knowledge this is the first time that synchronous occurrence of these two malignant processes in the same tissue is described. In this case it is important that the melanoma was recognized in the excised lymph node, as this finding had much more critical treatment and long term survival consequences.

  18. [Primary Intracranial Malignant Lymphoma Associated with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome(AIDS):A Case Report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inaka, Yasufumi; Otani, Naoki; Nishida, Sho; Fujii, Kazuya; Ueno, Hideaki; Tomura, Satoshi; Tomiyama, Arata; Osada, Hideo; Wada, Kojiro; Maeda, Takuya; Mori, Kentaro

    2017-11-01

    The spread of human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)infection may result in an increased likelihood of surgery in patients with HIV infection. We treated a patient with intracranial malignant lymphoma associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(AIDS)caused by HIV infection. The recommendations of the countermeasure manual for AIDS were followed. Only surgical staff without finger injury or inflammation were permitted to be involved in the operation. All staff were dressed in a waterproof, full-body surgical gown, and wore double gloves, double foot covers, and an N95 mask. The surgery could be performed safely with such infection control measures. Histological examination revealed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The patient was referred to the Division of Infectious Diseases and Respiratory Medicine for chemotherapy.

  19. A case of advanced second-degree atrioventricular block in a ferret secondary to lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Menicagli, F.; Lanza, A; F. Sbrocca; Baldi, A.; Spugnini, E.P.

    2016-01-01

    A female ferret was referred as an emergency for severe respiratory distress symptoms. At presentation, the patient was listlessness, dyspnoeic, and hyper-responsive. The clinical examination evidenced dyspnea with cyanosis, altered cardiac rhythm, and hepatomegaly. Electrocardiography showed an advanced second-degree atrioventricular (AV) block. The liver aspirate was diagnostic for lymphoma. The patient did not respond to supportive therapy and rapidly died. Post-mortem exams confirmed the ...

  20. Imaging characteristics of diffuse large cell extra nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving the palate and maxillary sinus: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nadendla, Lakshmi Kavitha; Meduri, Venkateswarlu; Paramkusam, Geetha [Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Nalgonda (India)

    2012-06-15

    Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are a group of highly diverse malignancies and have a strong tendency to affect organs and tissues that do not ordinarily contain lymphoid cells. Primary extra nodal lymphoma of the hard palate is rare. Here, we present a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 60-year-old male patient that manifested as slightly painful ulcerated growth on the edentulous right maxillary alveolar ridge extending onto the palate, closely resembling carcinoma of the alveolar ridge. Computed tomography images showed the involvement of the maxillary sinus and right nasal cavity, along with destruction of hard palate, superiorly extending into the orbit. This case report highlights the importance of imaging to evaluate the exact extent of such large malignant lesions, which is essential for treatment planning.

  1. Risk of lymphoma and leukaemia after bacille Calmette-Guérin and smallpox vaccination: a Danish case-cohort study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villumsen, Marie; Sørup, Signe; Jess, Tine

    2009-01-01

    Vaccines may have non-specific effects as suggested mainly in mortality studies from low-income countries. The objective was to examine the effects of BCG and smallpox vaccinations on subsequent risk of lymphoma and leukaemia in a Danish population experiencing rapid out-phasing of these vaccines...... cohort and analysed in a case-cohort design. BCG vaccination reduced the risk of lymphomas (HR=0.49 (95% CI: 0.26-0.93)), whereas smallpox vaccination did not (HR=1.32 (0.56-3.08)). With the small number of leukaemia cases, the analysis of leukaemia had limited power (BCG vaccination HR=0.81 (0.......31-2.16); smallpox vaccination HR=1.32 (0.49-3.53)). The present study with very reliable vaccine history information indicates a beneficial effect of BCG vaccination on the risk of lymphomas....

  2. Extranodal Natural Killer/T-Cell Lymphoma: A Rare Nasal-Type Case

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    Esra Sarıbacak Can

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Nasal type extranodal natural killer (NK NK-cell/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL is a rare extranodal lymphoma of NK-cell or T-cell origin that most commonly affects immunocompetent middle-aged men of Asian or Native American descent [1]. The pathogenesis is not understood completely, but it is related in part to infection of the tumor cells with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV [2]. Around 6-7% of all non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL in Southeast Asia accounts for NKTCL. However, the incidence of NHL is lower in the United States at 1.5% [3,4]. Disease within the nasal cavity has a better prognosis. Radiation therapy alone can be curative. Over 60% of patients with stage 1 disease remain in long-term remission following treatment with radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy [5]. Nasal disease may be cured with radiotherapy at a rate of 85%. However, the relapse rate is high at 25%. Therefore, it is highly crucial for this aggressive disease to be diagnosed and treated at an early stage

  3. Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma with multi-organ failure presenting as a pancreatic mass: a case with atypical presentation and definite diagnosis postmortem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronny, Faisal Mahmudul Huq; Black, Margaret Ann; Arbini, Arnaldo A

    2017-01-01

    Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a very rare extra nodal lymphoma that tends to proliferate within small blood vessels, particularly capillaries and postcapillary venules while sparing the organ parenchyma. The cause of its affinity for the vascular bed remains unknown. Because of its rarity and unremarkable clinical presentation, a timely diagnosis of IVLBCL is very challenging. Here, we describe a case of IVLBCL presenting as pancreatic mass that was ultimately diagnosed at autopsy. A 71-year-old Caucasian female presented with a 3-month history of fatigue, abdominal pain, and weight loss. She was referred to the emergency room with a new diagnosis of portal vein thrombosis and lactic acidosis. During her hospital course she was found to have a 1.9 × 1.8 cm lesion in the pancreatic tail on imaging; The cytologic specimen on the mass showed a high-grade lymphoma. A bone marrow biopsy showed no involvement. The patient's condition rapidly deteriorated and she, later, died due to multi-organ failure. An autopsy revealed diffuse intravascular invasion in multiple organs by the lymphoma cells. Based on our literature review-and to the best of our knowledge-there are virtually no reports describing the presentation of this lymphoma with a discernible tissue mass and associated multi-organ failure. The immunophenotypic studies performed revealed de novo CD5+ intravascular large B-cell lymphoma, which is known to be aggressive with very poor prognosis. Although it is a very rare lymphoma, it should be considered as a potential cause of multi-organ failure when no other cause has been identified. A prompt tissue diagnosis, appropriate high-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation remain the only viable alternative to achieve some kind of remission.

  4. Gastric low-grade MALT lymphoma, high-grade MALT lymphoma and diffuse large B cell lymphoma show different frequencies of trisomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoeve, M A; Gisbertz, I A; Schouten, H C; Schuuring, E; Bot, F J; Hermans, J; Hopman, A; Kluin, P M; Arends, J E; van Krieken, J H

    1999-01-01

    Gastric MALT lymphoma is a distinct entity related to Helicobacter pylori gastritis. Some studies suggest a role for trisomy 3 in the genesis of these lymphomas, but they mainly focused on low-grade MALT lymphoma. Gastric MALT lymphoma, however, comprises a spectrum from low- to high-grade cases.

  5. Locally advanced breast implant associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma: A case report of successful treatment with radiation and chemotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Fleighton Estes

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The development of breast implant associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL is a rare phenomenon. A typical presentation is an effusion associated with a breast implant. Less commonly, disease can become more advanced locoregionally or distantly. The optimal treatment schema is a topic of debate: localized ALCL can potentially be cured with implant removal alone, while other cases in the literature, including those that are more advanced, have been treated with varying combinations of surgery, chemotherapy, and external beam radiotherapy. This is a case report of breast implant ALCL with pathologically proven lymph node involvement, the fifth such patient reported. Our patient experienced a favorable outcome with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

  6. A Case of Orbital Metastasis as Disease Progression of Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Positive Lung Cancer Treated with Crizotinib

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshihiko Sakata

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Orbital metastasis of lung cancer is rare. It often causes visual disorder. To date, there are only a few case reports. Crizotinib is an anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor that leads to responses in most patients with ALK-positive non-small-cell lung cancer. Visual disorder is one of the popular adverse events of crizotinib, but the symptom almost decreases over time. We report a case of orbital metastasis as the disease progression of ALK-positive lung cancer treated with crizotinib. It should be kept in mind that orbital metastasis can be the disease progression of lung adenocarcinoma with ALK translocation treated with crizotinib. When physicians encounter a patient receiving crizotinib with visual disorder, we must distinguish between adverse events and orbital metastasis.

  7. PAX5-Negative Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma: A Case Report of a Rare Entity and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Vali Betts

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL is recognized as a B-cell neoplasm arising from germinal center or postgerminal center B-cells. The hallmark of CHL is the presence of CD30 (+ Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS cells with dim expression of PAX5. Nearly all of the HRS cells are positive for PAX5. However, a small minority of HRS cells may lack PAX5 expression, which can cause a diagnostic dilemma. Herein we describe two cases of PAX5-negative CHL and review of the English literature on this very rare entity. It is crucial to be aware of this phenomenon, which in some cases may lead to misdiagnosis and may ultimately adversely affect patient’s management.

  8. Secondary cutaneous Epstein-Barr virus-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in a patient with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma: a case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Qing-Xu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Only a few cases of extranodal Epstein-Barr virus (EBV-associated B-cell lymphomas arising from patients with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL have been described. We report a case of AITL of which secondary cutaneous EBV-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL developed after the initial diagnosis of AITL. A 65-year-old Chinese male patient was diagnosed as AITL based on typical histological and immunohistochemical characteristics in biopsy of the enlarged right inguinal lymph nodes. The patient initially received 6 cycles of chemotherapy with CHOP regimen (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, adriamycin, prednisone, but his symptoms did not disappear. Nineteen months after initial diagnosis of AITL, the patient was hospitalized again because of multiple plaques and nodules on the skin. The skin biopsy was performed, but this time the tumor was composed of large, polymorphous population of lymphocytes with CD20 and CD79a positive on immunohistochemical staining. The tumor cells were strong positive for EBER by in situ hybridization. The findings of skin biopsy were compatible with EBV-associated DLBCL. CHOP-R chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone and rituximab was then administered, resulting in partial response of the disease with pancytopenia and suppression of cellular immunity. To our knowledge, this is the first case of cutaneous EBV-associated DLBCL originated from AITL in Chinese pepole. We suggest the patients with AITL should perform lymph node and skin biopsies regularly in the course of the disease to detect the progression of secondary lymphomas. Virtual slides The virtual slide(s for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1197421158639299

  9. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma with bone involvement: a single center experience with 18 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filiz Vural

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL of bone is a rare entity. The most common histological subtype is diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL. The major presenting symptoms are soft tissue swelling, bone pain and pathological fracture. Treatment options are chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery, or a combination of these modalities. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the 18 patients (11 females, 7 males with NHL of bone who were diagnosed and treated between 1995-2005. The median age was 56.5 years. The median duration of symptoms was 4.5 months. The bone pain was the first symptom in all patients. Tru-cut biopsy was performed for diagnosis in most of the cases. Diagnosis in five patients (27.8% required open biopsy. Results: DLBCL (77.8% was the most common histological type among all patients. Other histological subtypes were anaplastic large cell lymphoma (11.1%, Burkitt-like lymphoma (5.6% and marginal zone lymphoma (5.6%. According to Ann Arbor staging system, 44.4% of patients were Stage I, 11.1% were Stage II and 44.4% were Stage IV. Bone marrow involvement was determined in four patients (22.2%. All patients except one were treated with anthracycline-containing regimens and eight patients (44.4% received rituximab combination with chemotherapy. Radiation therapy was performed as the first-line therapy in 9 (50% patients. The median follow-up was 37 months (range, 2-124 months. Among the 17 patients who achieved complete remission, five (27.8% relapsed. All patients were still alive. The five-year relapse-free survival was 73.5%.Conclusion: The treatment of bone lymphoma can be planned according to the stage and location of the disease. Although we had a relatively low number of patients, it could be concluded that whether or not radiation therapy is performed, rituximab in combination with systemic chemotherapy has been proven beneficial on survival.

  10. [Cervicofacial cellulitis revealing cutaneous lymphomas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benbouzid, M A; Bencheikh, R; Benhammou, A; El Edghiri, H; Boulaich, M; Essakali, L; Kzadri, M

    2007-06-01

    The cervicofacial localization of cutaneous lymphomas is rare. These lymphomas usually present as a long-lasting and treatment-refractory papule or nodule. Lymphomas can also be revealed by cervicofacial cellulitis. We report 2 cases of cervicofacial cellulitis revealing a cutaneous lymphoma. The diagnosis was proved by multiple biopsies, performed because there was no clinical improvement in spite of an aggressive and adequate antibiotherapy. Our 2 patients were treated by radio and chemotherapy. Cutaneous lymphomas are lymphocytic proliferations stemming from cutaneous lymphoid tissue, without nodal, medullary, or visceral localization. Their clinical presentation is quite polymorphic, and cellulitis is one of the modes of revelation, especially forehead and neck localization. They have no portal of entry and are resistant to treatment. The diagnosis relies on histology, and biopsies must be performed if there is a suspicion of lymphoma. The treatment is radio and chemotherapy, and the evolution depends on the tumoral stage.

  11. A Case of an Unusually Aggressive Cutaneous Anaplastic Large T-Cell Lymphoma in an HIV Patient Treated with CHOP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Hurtado-Cordovi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL is the second most common malignancy of T-cell phenotype. This case report describes an unusual rapidly progressing cutaneous anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma in an HIV patient. Our patient is a twenty-year-old African American male with perinatally acquired HIV who presented with a 2×2 centimeter necrotic lesion in the right 1st toe; however, 2-3 weeks later multiple smaller lesions appeared on the anterior aspect of the right foot, ankle, and thigh. Biopsy showed cells strongly positive for CD3 and CD30 and negative for CD56 and the ALK gene product. CT of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis was negative for extracutaneous involvement favoring cutaneous ALCL. Patient was treated with 6 cycles of CHOP (cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy and went into complete remission. Due to the aggressive course that this malignancy follows in HIV patients we suggest prompt treatment with systemic therapy.

  12. [A case of severe left main isolated stenosis in a young woman with previous history of non-Hodgkin lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cinconze, Sebastian; Coppini, Lucia; Lina, Daniela; Tadonio, Iacopo; Cattabiani, Maria Alberta; Solinas, Emilia; Vignali, Luigi; Menozzi, Alberto

    2017-09-01

    We report the case of a 34-year-old female treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy for non-Hodgkin lymphoma at the age of 16. The patient came to our attention because of progressive dyspnea on effort and a positive result on a pharmacologic stress echo test. Coronary angiography revealed focal critical ostial stenosis of the left main coronary artery. Considering the high surgical risk due to possible post-radiation thoracic adherence and the young patient age, she underwent successful stenting of the left main stenosis with drug-eluting stent, followed by an intravascular ultrasound-guided post-dilation and final kissing balloon inflation. The procedure was uncomplicated.Heart diseases are among the frequently seen long-term effects of chemo/radiotherapy used for lymphoma treatment. The pathogenesis of radiation-induced coronary artery disease is complex and not yet fully understood, the mechanism is multifactorial and likely involves direct damage from radiation exposure or mediated by inflammatory cytokine secretion. Surgery management is often challenging due to radiation sequences, and a percutaneous approach is therefore used. The risk of long-term radiotherapy damage depends on radiation dose and the field of exposure. Modern techniques with lower radiation exposure and smaller treatment volumes may reduce these risks in future.

  13. Autopsied case of primary malignant lymphoma of the central nervous system presenting an unusual clinical course and CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamashita, Kazuya; Kobayashi, Shotai; Yamaguchi, Shuhei and others

    1987-08-01

    A case of primary malignant lymphoma of the central nervous system was reported. A 58-year-old man was admitted because of diplopia in March, 1986. Last year in June he lost consciousness, accompanied by headache, vertigo, a floating sensation, and tinnitus, though his symptoms disappeared the next day. Last year in October and November, he complained of weakness of the left hand, but it soon disappeared. A neurological examination on admission revealed left trochlear nerve palsy, a decreased sensitivity to pain on the left side of the face and the opposite side of the body, and a mild left-side lack of coordination. A head CT scan and angiography showed no abnormalities. An examination of the CSF revealed increased protein with mild pleocytosis and IgG, but cytology was negative. After admission, he complained of left trigeminal neuralgia, but it disappeared upon steroid pulse therapy. When the steroids were tapered off, however, peripheral facialnerve palsy developed. Therefore, a second course of steroid pulse therapy was done, with some effect. In June, however, the patient became unconscious while the orally administered steroid was being tapered off. A head CT scan showed isodensity masses in the basal ganglia, the thalamus, and the periventricular white matter on a plain scan, and homogeneous masses with ring enhancement and edema on the use of a contrast medium. A histopathological examination showed primary cerebral malignant lymphoma (large-cell type).

  14. Coexisting multiple myeloma, lymphoma, and non-small cell lung cancer: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khade P

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Parth Khade, Srinivas Devarakonda Department of Internal Medicine, Louisiana State University Health, Shreveport, LA, USA Abstract: Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell dyscrasia characterized by neoplastic proliferation of plasma cells, producing a monoclonal immunoglobulin. Small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL is a neoplasm consisting of monoclonal B-cell lymphocyte proliferation. We present an extremely rare case of coexisting multiple myeloma, SLL, and squamous cell carcinoma of the lung in a 74-year-old female patient. She initially presented with a midline mass with pain in the lumbar area. Debulking surgery was performed, and pathology showed plasmacytoma. Further evaluation revealed coexistent IgG kappa myeloma. Imaging revealed extensive abdominal lymphadenopathy, and mesenteric lymph node biopsy confirmed the presence of SLL. The patient was also found to have a mass in the left lower lobe of the lung; biopsy showed squamous cell carcinoma. This patient was treated with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for multiple myeloma, and stereotactic body radiotherapy for limited stage lung cancer. Due to the more indolent course of SLL, watchful waiting was applied. Keywords: coexisting, multiple myeloma, lung cancer, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

  15. High-Dose Busulfan and High-Dose Cyclophosphamide Followed By Donor Bone Marrow Transplant in Treating Patients With Leukemia, Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Multiple Myeloma, or Recurrent Hodgkin or Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-05

    Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission; Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7); Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a); Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b); Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2); Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With T(15;17)(q22;q12); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With T(16;16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With T(8;21)(q22;q22); Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4); Adult Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (M3); Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a); Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b); Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Burkitt Lymphoma; Childhood Acute Erythroleukemia (M6); Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission; Childhood Acute Megakaryocytic Leukemia (M7); Childhood Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a); Childhood Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b); Childhood Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2); Childhood Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1); Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission; Childhood Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4); Childhood Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (M3); Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Childhood Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; De Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent

  16. Diet and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2012-06-28

    Jun 28, 2012 ... follicular) and Revised European-American Lymphoma/World Health Organization classification [11]. The majority of cases were diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and the second most common NHL was chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) [12]. Controls were ...

  17. A case of enteropathy-type T-cell lymphoma diagnosed by small bowel enteroscopy: a perspective on imaging-enhanced endoscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Jun Yong; Ko, Bong Min; Min, Seul Ki; Lee, Jong Chan; Lee, Gun Wha; Yoon, La Young; Hong, Su Jin; Lee, Moon Sung; Kim, Hee Kyung

    2012-10-01

    Enteropathy-type T-cell lymphoma (ETL) or enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma is a very rare malignant intestinal tumor. ETL is usually diagnosed by surgery. Endoscopic findings of ETL are not well known, and there are few reports of findings from endoscopy that has been performed only using white light. Additionally, there are no definite treatment guidelines for ETL. Therefore, we report a case of ETL diagnosed by enteroscopy with imaging-enhanced endoscopy and also review recently developed treatment options.

  18. CD3+, CD56+, CD4−, CD8−, CD20−, CD30− Peripheral T-Cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashish Jagati

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL commonly presents as mycosis fungoides or Sezary syndrome, both having CD4 positivity. A subset of CTCL which lacks CD4 surface marker is classified as cutaneous g and d–T-cell lymphoma (CGD-TCL. Because of its rarity and inability to study large number of patients, the impact of immunophenotype on the clinical outcome of primary CTCL in patients is limited. We report a case of primary CGD-TCL in a 71-year-old male because of this rarity and to emphasize its aggressive nature.

  19. Radiographically Negative, Asymptomatic, Sentinel Lymph Node Positive Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma in a 3-Year-Old Male: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey Carson

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of a 3-year-old male originally diagnosed with a CD30+ anaplastic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma with no evidence of systemic disease after CT scan, PET scan, and bone marrow aspiration. Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB was performed as an additional step in the workup and showed microscopic disease. Current management/recommendations for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma do not include SLNB. Medical and surgical management of cutaneous malignancies is dramatically different for local versus advanced disease. Therefore adequate evaluation is necessary to properly stage patients for specific treatment. Such distinction in extent of disease suggests more extensive therapy including locoregional radiation and systemic chemotherapy versus local excision only. Two international case reports have described SLNB in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma with one demonstrating evidence of node positive microscopic disease despite a negative metastatic disease workup. This case is being presented as a novel case in a child with implications including lymphoscintigraphy and SLNB as a routine procedure for evaluation and staging of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma if the patient does not demonstrate evidence of metastatic disease on routine workup.

  20. Cyclin D1-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with IGH-CCND1 translocation and BCL6 rearrangement: a report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Kawaaz, Mustafa; Mathew, Susan; Liu, Yifang; Gomez, Maria L; Chaviano, Felicia; Knowles, Daniel M; Orazi, Attilio; Tam, Wayne

    2015-02-01

    To demonstrate and confirm the existence of cyclin D1-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with IGH-CCND1 rearrangement and discuss the rationale of differentiating this entity from blastoid and pleomorphic variants of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Two cyclin D1-positive lymphomas with morphologic features of DLBCL and IGH-CCND1 translocations were characterized with respect to clinical features, as well as morphologic, immunophenotypic, cytogenetic, and molecular findings. The large tumor cells were CD20+, CD5-, CD10-, BCL6+, MUM1+, and cyclin D1+ in both cases. SOX11 was negative. Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA in situ hybridization demonstrated diffuse positivity in case 1. BCL6 and IGH-CCND1 rearrangements were identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization in both cases. Specifically, the diagnosis of a relapsed DLBCL with acquisition of IGH-CCND1 was rendered for case 1, molecularly confirmed by the detection of identical monoclonal IGH rearrangements between the initial diagnostic DLBCL and relapse lymphoma. Our study demonstrates convincingly that IGH-CCND1 rearrangement leading to cyclin D1 overexpression can occur in DLBCL and pose a potential diagnostic pitfall, requiring thorough knowledge of the clinicopathologic findings to allow accurate discrimination from a blastoid or pleomorphic MCL. The coexistence of IGH-CCND1 and IGH-BCL6 rearrangements suggest that BCL6 and cyclin D1 may cooperate in the pathogenesis of DLBCL. Copyright© by the American Society for Clinical Pathology.