Sample records for bupranolol

  1. The review of identification and assay methods of β-blockers

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    Ольга Олександрівна Віслоус


    Full Text Available Every year the number of β-blockers on the pharmaceutical market is increasing, requiring systematization of their standardization methods.Aim of research. The aim of our research is to study literature data about identification and assay methods of β-blockers with different direction of action – selective (praktolol, metoprolol, atenolol, acebutolol, betaxolol, bevantolol, bisoprolol, celiprolol, esmolol, epanolol, esatenolol, nebivolol, Talinolol, non-selective (alprenolol, Oxprenololum, pindolol, propranolol, timolol, sotalol, nadolol, mepindolol, karteol, tertatolol, bopindolol, bupranolol, penbutolol, kloranolol and combined (labetalol, carvedilol.Methods. The analytical review of literature sources about β-blockers analysis by physical, chemical, and physicochemical methods.Results. After literature sources’ analyzing it was found that physical and physicochemical constants are basically used for β-blockers pharmacopoeial analysis; both physicochemical values and chemical reactions are used in forensic analysis, resulting in the article.It was founded that titration methods, mostly acid-base titration method, are used for β-blockers assay in the analysis of substances. For β-blockers detection in biological fluids and dosage forms, active pharmaceutical ingredients and metabolites mixture separation one should prefer physicochemical methods, such as gas chromatography and liquid chromatography, absorption UV-Visible spectroscopy, fluorometry, etc.Conclusion. The results have shown can be used for the further search of the identification and assay optimal methods of β-blockers both pure and mixed with other active substances and excipients

  2. Lipolytic effects of conventional β3-adrenoceptor agonists and of CGP 12,177 in rat and human fat cells : preliminary pharmacological evidence for a putative β4-adrenoceptor (United States)

    Galitzky, Jean; Langin, Dominique; Verwaerde, Patrick; Montastruc, Jean-Louis; Lafontan, Max; Berlan, Michel


    The nature of rat and human fat cell β3-adrenoceptors was investigated by studying the effects of the new β3-adrenoceptor selective antagonist, SR 59,230A, on lipolysis induced by the conventional β3-adrenoceptor agonists, CL 316,243 and SR 58,611A, and by the non-conventional partial β3-adrenoceptor agonist CGP 12,177 (a potent β1- and β2-adrenoceptor antagonist with partial β3-adrenoceptor agonist property). In rat fat cells, the rank order of potency of agonists was: CL 316,243>isoprenaline>SR 58,611A>CGP 12,177. The three former agents were full agonists whereas CGP 12,177 was a partial agonist (intrinsic activity of 0.70). In human fat cells, the lipolytic effect of CGP 12,177 reached 25 % of isoprenaline effect. CL 316,243 was a poor inducer of lipolysis and SR 58,611A was ineffective. In rat fat cells, lipolysis induced by CL 316,243 and SR 58,611A was competitively antagonized by SR 59,230A. Schild plots were linear with pA2 values of 6.89 and 6.37, respectively. Conversely, 0.1, 0.5 and 1 μM SR 59,230A did not modify the concentration-response curve of CGP 12,177. A rightward shift of the curve was however observed with 10 and 100 μM of SR 59,230A. The apparent pA2 value was 5.65. The non-selective β-adrenergic antagonist, bupranolol, competitively displaced the concentration-response curve of CGP 12,177 and CL 316,243. Schild plots were linear with pA2 values of 6.70 and 7.59, respectively. CL316,243-mediated lipolytic effect was not antagonized by CGP 20,712A. In human fat cells, CGP 12,177-mediated lipolytic effect was antagonized by bupranolol and CGP 20,712A. SR 59,230A (0.1, 1 and 10 μM) did not modify the concentration-response curve of CGP 12,177. A rightward shift was however observed at 100 μM leading to an apparent pA2 value of 4.32. The results suggest that the non-conventional partial agonist CGP 12,177 can activate lipolysis in fat cells through the interaction with a β-adrenoceptor pharmacologically distinct from the β3

  3. Peripheral cardiovascular actions of SR 58611 A, a beta 3-adrenoceptor agonist, in the dog: lack of central effect. (United States)

    Montastruc, J L; Verwaerde, P; Pelat, M; Galitzky, J; Langin, D; Lafontan, M; Berlan, M


    In order to investigate the putative role of beta3-adrenoceptors in central and peripheral cardiovascular regulations, the effects of intracisternal (i.c.) and intravenous (i.v.) injections of SR 58611 A (10, 50, 100 and 200 nmol kg-1), a selective beta3-adrenoceptor agonist, were investigated in chloralose anaesthetized dogs. In normal dogs, i.v. SR 58611 A (100 and 200 nmol kg-1) induced a dose-dependent increase in heart rate with no change in blood pressure. After i.c. injection, SR 58611 A failed to modify blood pressure and heart rate (except at the highest dose 200 nmol kg-1 which induced a positive chronotropic effect). The positive chronotropic effect of SR 58611 A (200 nmol kg-1) appeared earlier and was significantly more pronounced after i.v. than i.c. administration. The positive chronotropic effect of i.v. SR 58611 A (200 nmol kg-1) was reduced by pretreatment with beta-adrenoceptor antagonists [propranolol, nadolol, bupranolol or the beta3-adrenoceptor selective antagonist, SR 59230 A (2 mg kg-1 i.v.)] and suppressed after sinoaortic denervation (i.e. after removal of vagal tone to the heart). These experiments do not show evidence for a primary central cardiovascular effect of SR 58611 A. The positive chronotropic effect of i.v. SR 58611 A is mainly of peripheral origin and can be attributed to a baroreceptor-mediated reflex due to the beta3-adrenoceptor mediated vasodilation with an increase in sympathetic tone and a reduction in vagal tone to the heart.

  4. Selective activation of beta3-adrenoceptors by octopamine: comparative studies in mammalian fat cells. (United States)

    Carpéné, C; Galitzky, J; Fontana, E; Atgié, C; Lafontan, M; Berlan, M


    Numerous synthetic agonists selectively stimulate beta3-adrenoceptors (ARs). The endogenous catecholamines, noradrenaline and adrenaline, however, stimulate all the beta-AR subtypes, and no selective physiological agonist for beta3-ARs has been described so far. The aim of this study was to investigate whether any naturally occurring amine can stimulate selectively beta3-ARs. Since activation of lipolysis is a well-known beta-adrenergic function, the efficacy and potency of various biogenic amines were compared with those of noradrenaline, isoprenaline, and beta3-AR agonists 4-(-{[2-hydroxy-(3-chlorophenyl)ethyl]-amino} propyl)phenoxyacetate (BRL 37,344) and (R,R)-5-(2-{[2-(3-chlorophenyl )-2-hydroxyethyl]-amino} propyl)-1,3-benzo-dioxole-2,2-dicarboxylate (CL 316,243) by testing their lipolytic action in white fat cells. Five mammalian species were studied: rat, hamster and dog, in which selective beta-AR agonists act as full lipolytic agents, and guinea-pigs and humans, in which beta3-AR agonists are less potent activators of lipolysis. Several biogenic amines were inefficient (e.g. dopamine, tyramine and beta-phenylethylamine) while others (synephrine, phenylethanolamine, epinine) were partially active in stimulating lipolysis in all species studied. Their actions were inhibited by all the beta-AR antagonists tested, including those selective for beta1- or beta2-ARs. Octopamine was the only amine fully stimulating lipolysis in rat, hamster and dog fat cells, while inefficient in guinea-pig or human fat cells, like the beta3-AR agonists. In rat white fat cells, beta-AR antagonists inhibited the lipolytic effect of octopamine with a relative order of potency very similar to that observed against CL 316,243. Competitive antagonism of octopamine effect resulted in the following apparent pA2 [-log(IC50), where IC50 is the antagonist concentration eliciting half-maximal inhibition] values: 7.77 (bupranolol), 6.48 [3-(2-ethyl-phenoxy)-1[(1 S)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphth-1