WorldWideScience

Sample records for bumpy tori

  1. WHISTBT: a 1-1/2-D radial-transport code for bumpy tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The computer code WHISTBT has been developed from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory WHIST code to study radial transport in bumpy tori. The code can handle both positive and negative ad hoc electric fields for devices ranging from the size of ELMO Bumpy Torus-Scale (EBT-S) to a reactor-type device, EBT-R. Fueling can be by gas puffing or pellets; heating can be by injection of rf power or neutral beams

  2. The Bumpy Torus Experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cobble, James Allen [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-06-09

    This document summarizes the Bumpy Torus Experiment as a viable fusion reactor concept. Conclusions reached include the following: In 30 years, order-of-magnitude technological advances have occurred in multiple areas of plasma heating and confinement. The ORNL bumpy torus of the 1970s was technology limited. Now that ITER is technology limited, an alternate concept is needed. A device built on such a concept should be current free, CW, modular, have a gentle shutdown, and demonstrable stability. The bumpy torus meets or has the potential to meet all of these criteria. Earlier, stability was not possible due to power limits; it has not been fully tested. It is time to revisit the bumpy-torus concept with a modest new machine.

  3. TORIS Data Preparation Guidelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guinn, H.; Remson, D.

    1999-03-11

    The objective of this manual is to present guidelines and procedures for the preparation of new data for the Tertiary Oil Recovery Information System (TORIS) data base. TORIS is an analytical system currently maintained by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Bartlesville Project Office. It uses an extensive field- and reservoir-level data base to evaluate the technical and economic recovery potential of specific crude oil reservoirs.

  4. ELMO Bumpy Torus data base

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document describes a set of computer programs developed to facilitate storage and retrieval of data generated by the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) experiment. The data is stored in a collection of files which contain either raw or analyzed data from diagnostics connected to the experiment. An on-line index of steady-state machine conditions, diagnostic or analysis status information, and raw or analyzed data values unifies the file collection into a data base. The index is implemented under the System 1022 data base management system

  5. The bumpy Z-pinch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, T. H.; Chu, M. S.

    1981-06-01

    The 'bumpy Z-pinch' is a magnetic configuration with potential usefulness for fusion reactors. A conceptually simple version of the configuration is axisymmetric. It contains regions of closed and open field lines. In the region of closed field lines, the field line topology is much like that of a tokamak; these regions link the region of open field lines around the axis of symmetry. Assuming that the plasma spontaneously maintains an equilibrium as described by Taylor (1974), it is possible to maintain indefinitely the regions of closed field lines by driving an axial current through the plasma in the region of open field lines. The ratio between the total axial driven current and the total poloidal current in each of the tokamak-like regions can, in principle, be made arbitrarily small, which means that the load impedance can be arbitrarily large. In addition, the configuration has the inherent virtue similar to that of the spheromak that the tokamak-like part of the plasma does not link any material coils.

  6. Electrostatic confinement in a bumpy torus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a closed-field-line device such as a bumpy torus, the combined E x B and del B drifts lead to charge separation that is balanced by the ion polarization drift. In this work, we determine self-consistent potential and density profiles and the condition for electric island formation

  7. Focal Rigidity of Flat Tori

    CERN Document Server

    Kwakkel, Ferry; Peixoto, Mauricio

    2011-01-01

    Given a closed Riemannian manifold (M, g), there is a partition \\Sigma_i of its tangent bundle TM called the focal decomposition. The sets \\Sigma_i are closely associated to focusing of geodesics of (M, g), i.e. to the situation where there are exactly i geodesic arcs of the same length joining points p and q in M. In this note, we study the topological structure of the focal decomposition of a closed Riemannian manifold and its relation with the metric structure of the manifold. Our main result is that the flat n-tori are focally rigid, in the sense that if two flat tori are focally equivalent, then the tori are isometric up to rescaling.

  8. Spacetime and orbits of bumpy black holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vigeland, Sarah J.; Hughes, Scott A.

    2010-01-01

    Our Universe contains a great number of extremely compact and massive objects which are generally accepted to be black holes. Precise observations of orbital motion near candidate black holes have the potential to determine if they have the spacetime structure that general relativity demands. As a means of formulating measurements to test the black hole nature of these objects, Collins and Hughes introduced “bumpy black holes”: objects that are almost, but not quite, general relativity’s black holes. The spacetimes of these objects have multipoles that deviate slightly from the black hole solution, reducing to black holes when the deviation is zero. In this paper, we extend this work in two ways. First, we show how to introduce bumps which are smoother and lead to better behaved orbits than those in the original presentation. Second, we show how to make bumpy Kerr black holes—objects which reduce to the Kerr solution when the deviation goes to zero. This greatly extends the astrophysical applicability of bumpy black holes. Using Hamilton-Jacobi techniques, we show how a spacetime’s bumps are imprinted on orbital frequencies, and thus can be determined by measurements which coherently track the orbital phase of a small orbiting body. We find that in the weak field, orbits of bumpy black holes are modified exactly as expected from a Newtonian analysis of a body with a prescribed multipolar structure, reproducing well-known results from the celestial mechanics literature. The impact of bumps on strong-field orbits is many times greater than would be predicted from a Newtonian analysis, suggesting that this framework will allow observations to set robust limits on the extent to which a spacetime’s multipoles deviate from the black hole expectation.

  9. Discrete Element study of granular material - Bumpy wall interface behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Cheikh, Khadija; Rémond, Sébastien; Pizette, Patrick; Vanhove, Yannick; Djelal, Chafika

    2016-09-01

    This paper presents a DEM study of a confined granular material sheared between two parallel bumpy walls. The granular material consists of packed dry spherical particles. The bumpiness is modeled by spheres of a given diameter glued on horizontal planes. Different bumpy surfaces are modeled by varying diameter or concentration of glued spheres. The material is sheared by moving the two bumpy walls at fixed velocity. During shear, the confining pressure applied on each bumpy wall is controlled. The effect of wall bumpiness on the effective friction coefficient and on the granular material behavior at the bumpy walls is reported for various shearing conditions. For given bumpiness and confining pressure that we have studied, it is found that the shear velocity does not affect the shear stress. However, the effective friction coefficient and the behavior of the granular material depend on the bumpiness. When the diameter of the glued spheres is larger than about the average grains diameter of the medium, the latter is uniformly sheared and the effective friction coefficient remains constant. For smaller diameters of the glued spheres, the effective friction coefficient increases with the diameter of glued spheres. The influence of glued spheres concentration is significant only for small glued spheres diameters, typically half of average particle diameter of the granular material. In this case, increasing the concentration of glued spheres leads to a decrease in effective friction coefficient and to shear localization at the interface. For different diameters and concentrations of glued spheres, we show that the effect of bumpiness on the effective friction coefficient can be characterized by the depth of interlocking.

  10. Tori Hobune 2011 & Eesti Hobune 2011 / Krista Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Krista

    2011-01-01

    14. mail korraldas Tori Hobusekasvanduse ratsaspordiklubi XVI Tori hobuse päeva ja esimese ettapi karikasarjas Tori Hobune 2011, kus avastardi takistussõidus tegid ka eesti tõugu hobused, ning 15. mail toimus koolisõidu etapp

  11. Spacetime and orbits of bumpy black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Vigeland, Sarah J

    2009-01-01

    Our universe contains a great number of extremely compact and massive objects which are generally accepted to be black holes. Precise observations of orbital motion near candidate black holes have the potential to determine if they have the spacetime structure that general relativity demands. As a means of formulating measurements to test the black hole nature of these objects, Collins and Hughes introduced "bumpy black holes": objects that are almost, but not quite, general relativity's black holes. The spacetimes of these objects have multipoles that deviate slightly from the black hole solution, reducing to black holes when the deviation is zero. In this paper, we extend this work in two ways. First, we show how to introduce bumps which are smoother and lead to better behaved orbits than those in the original presentation. Second, we show how to make bumpy Kerr black holes -- objects which reduce to the Kerr solution when the deviation goes to zero. This greatly extends the astrophysical applicability of b...

  12. Finite wavelength stability of the bumpy theta pinch

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The stability of the bumpy theta pinch is of importance, not only because of its relevance to the Scyllac experiment but also because in any magnetic confinement scheme the use of (discrete) magnetic coils necessarily introduces bumpiness in the applied field. The long wavelength stability has been considered by Weitzner who performed a double perturbation expansion on the linearized equations of ideal MHD: first in epsilon (characterizing the long wave-length or the modes) then in delta (characterizing the bumpiness of the field lines). The stability of the finite wave-length modes by expanding (only) in the small bumpiness parameter delta is examined. Currents flow only in the ignorable theta direction. (U.K.)

  13. Difficult laryngoscopy caused by massive mandibular tori.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takasugi, Yoshihiro; Shiba, Mayuka; Okamoto, Shinji; Hatta, Koji; Koga, Yoshihisa

    2009-01-01

    Mandibular tori, defined as bony protuberances located along the lingual aspect of the mandible, are a possible cause of difficult intubation. We describe a case of mandibular tori that resulted in difficult intubation. A 62-year-old woman who had speech problems was diagnosed with mandibular tori, and was scheduled for surgical resection. On physical assessment, the patient had a class II Mallampati view and bilateral mandibular tori. Preoperative computed tomography images demonstrated that the bilateral mandibular tori arose from the lingual aspects of the second incisor to the first molar regions of the mandibular corpus, and occupied the floor of the mouth. In the operating room, anesthesia was induced with remifentanil and propofol. After complete paralysis was achieved, laryngoscopy was attempted several times with Macintosh blades. The massive tori prevented insertion of the tip of the blade into the oropharynx, and neither the epiglottis nor the arytenoids could be visualized, i.e., Cormack and Lehane grade IV. Blind nasotracheal intubation was successful and the surgery proceeded uneventfully. The anesthesiologist should examine any space-occupying lesion of the oral floor and should be vigilant for speech problems in order to detect mandibular tori that might impede intubation. PMID:19444571

  14. Magnetics calculations for an ELMO Bumpy Square

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calculations have been carried out to determine the vacuum magnetic parameters, forces, and the use of trim coils in an ELMO Bumpy Square. A configuration having five mirror coils per side and an eight-coil high-field toroidal solenoid corner assembly was studied. Favorable magnetic parameters are achieved in the device. An on-axis mirror ratio of 1.9, a global mirror ratio of 3.6, and excellent centering of plasma pressure contours are achieved. Particle losses are also minimal (<5%). The magnetic forces acting between coils are comparable with those encountered in the EBT-I/S magnet configuration. Circular trim coils were found to be suitable for restoring hot electron ring locations that are displaced when the coil currents are varied for performing magnetic studies or for assessing the effects on the EBS of the global mirror ratio

  15. Oral Tori in Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis Patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Lin Hsu

    Full Text Available The pathogenesis of oral tori has long been debated and is thought to be the product of both genetic and environmental factors, including occlusal forces. Another proposed mechanism for oral tori is the combination of biomechanical forces, particularly in the oral cavity, combined with cortical bone loss and trabecular expansion, as one might see in the early stages of primary hyperparathyroidism. This study investigated the epidemiology of torus palatinus (TP and torus mandibularis (TM in peritoneal dialysis patients, and analyzed the influences of hyperparathyroidism on the formation of oral tori.In total, 134 peritoneal dialysis patients were recruited between July 1 and December 31, 2015 for dental examinations for this study. Patients were categorized into two subgroups based on the presence or absence of oral tori. Demographic, hematological, biochemical, and dialysis-related data were obtained for analysis.The prevalence of oral tori in our sample group was high at 42.5% (57 of 134, and most patients with oral tori were female (61.4%. The most common location of tori was TP (80.7%, followed by TP and TM (14.0%, then TM (5.3%. All 54 TP cases were at the midline, and most were <2 cm (59.3%, flat (53.7%, and located in the premolar region (40.7%. Of the 11 TM cases, all were bilateral and symmetric, mostly <2 cm (81.9%, lobular (45.4%, and located at premolar region (63.6%. Interestingly, patients with oral tori had slightly lower serum levels of intact parathyroid hormones than those without oral tori, but the difference was not statistically significant (317.3±292.0 versus 430.1±492.6 pg/mL, P = 0.126. In addition, patients with oral tori did not differ from patients without tori in inflammatory variables such as serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein levels (6.6±8.2 versus 10.3±20.2 mg/L, P = 0.147 or nutritional variables such as serum albumin levels (3.79±0.38 versus 3.77±0.45 g/dL, P = 0.790. Furthermore, there were no

  16. Summary of ELMO Bumpy Torus experiments from 1982 to 1984

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiments were conducted in the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) from 1973 until 1984. A number of papers have been published on various aspects of the final two years of the EBT experiments. This report summarizes the final experimental conclusions and discusses issues that were not resolved. 46 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab

  17. (Tory) anarchy in the UK: The very peculiar practice of tory anarchism

    OpenAIRE

    Wilkin, P.

    2009-01-01

    The idea of ‘Tory Anarchism’ is reasonably well known but largely unanalysed in either popular or academic literature. Tory Anarchism refers to a group of apparently disparate figures in English popular and political culture whose work has, in part, satirised key British institutions and social relations. At the same time they also provide interesting insights into questions of British, though predominantly English, identity, by focusing upon issues of class, empire and nation. This article ...

  18. Liouville quantum gravity on complex tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, François; Rhodes, Rémi; Vargas, Vincent

    2016-02-01

    In this paper, we construct Liouville Quantum Field Theory (LQFT) on the toroidal topology in the spirit of the 1981 seminal work by Polyakov [Phys. Lett. B 103, 207 (1981)]. Our approach follows the construction carried out by the authors together with Kupiainen in the case of the Riemann sphere ["Liouville quantum gravity on the Riemann sphere," e-print arXiv:1410.7318]. The difference is here that the moduli space for complex tori is non-trivial. Modular properties of LQFT are thus investigated. This allows us to integrate the LQFT on complex tori over the moduli space, to compute the law of the random Liouville modulus, therefore recovering (and extending) formulae obtained by physicists, and make conjectures about the relationship with random planar maps of genus one, eventually weighted by a conformal field theory and conformally embedded onto the torus.

  19. Liouville quantum gravity on complex tori

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David, François [Institut de Physique Théorique, CNRS, URA 2306, CEA, IPhT, Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Rhodes, Rémi [Université Paris-Est Marne la Vallée, LAMA, Champs sur Marne (France); Vargas, Vincent [ENS Paris, DMA, 45 rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris (France)

    2016-02-15

    In this paper, we construct Liouville Quantum Field Theory (LQFT) on the toroidal topology in the spirit of the 1981 seminal work by Polyakov [Phys. Lett. B 103, 207 (1981)]. Our approach follows the construction carried out by the authors together with Kupiainen in the case of the Riemann sphere [“Liouville quantum gravity on the Riemann sphere,” e-print arXiv:1410.7318]. The difference is here that the moduli space for complex tori is non-trivial. Modular properties of LQFT are thus investigated. This allows us to integrate the LQFT on complex tori over the moduli space, to compute the law of the random Liouville modulus, therefore recovering (and extending) formulae obtained by physicists, and make conjectures about the relationship with random planar maps of genus one, eventually weighted by a conformal field theory and conformally embedded onto the torus.

  20. Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of the Whole Vehicle on Bumpy Road

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王威; 李瑰贤; 宋玉玲

    2010-01-01

    Through the research into the characteristics of 7-DoF high dimensional nonlinear dynamics of a vehicle on bumpy road, the periodic movement and chaotic behavior of the vehicle were found.The methods of nonlinear frequency response analysis, global bifurcation, frequency chart and Poincaré maps were used simultaneously to derive strange super chaotic attractor.According to Lyapunov exponents calculated by Gram-Schmidt method, the unstable region was compartmentalized and the super chaotic characteristic of ...

  1. Line emission from optically thick relativistic accretion tori

    OpenAIRE

    Fuerst, Steven V.; Wu, Kinwah

    2007-01-01

    We calculate line emission from relativistic accretion tori around Kerr black holes and investigate how the line profiles depend on the viewing inclination, spin of the central black hole, parameters describing the shape of the tori, and spatial distribution of line emissivity on the torus surface. We also compare the lines with those from thin accretion disks. Our calculations show that lines from tori and lines from thin disks share several common features. In particular, at low and moderat...

  2. Charged tori in spherical gravitational and dipolar magnetic fields

    CERN Document Server

    Slany, P; Stuchlik, Z; Karas, V

    2013-01-01

    A Newtonian model of non-conductive, charged, perfect fluid tori orbiting in combined spherical gravitational and dipolar magnetic fields is presented and stationary, axisymmetric toroidal structures are analyzed. Matter in such tori exhibits a purely circulatory motion and the resulting convection carries charges into permanent rotation around the symmetry axis. As a main result, we demonstrate the possible existence of off-equatorial charged tori and equatorial tori with cusps enabling outflows of matter from the torus also in the Newtonian regime. These phenomena represent qualitatively a new consequence of the interplay between gravity and electromagnetism. From an astrophysical point of view, our investigation can provide insight into processes that determine the vertical structure of dusty tori surrounding accretion disks.

  3. CHARGED TORI IN SPHERICAL GRAVITATIONAL AND DIPOLAR MAGNETIC FIELDS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slany, P.; Kovar, J.; Stuchlik, Z. [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Philosophy and Science, Silesian University in Opava Bezrucovo nam. 13, CZ-746 01 Opava (Czech Republic); Karas, V., E-mail: petr.slany@fpf.slu.cz [Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences, Bocni II, Prague CZ-141 31 (Czech Republic)

    2013-03-01

    A Newtonian model of non-conductive, charged, perfect fluid tori orbiting in combined spherical gravitational and dipolar magnetic fields is presented and stationary, axisymmetric toroidal structures are analyzed. Matter in such tori exhibits a purely circulatory motion and the resulting convection carries charges into permanent rotation around the symmetry axis. As a main result, we demonstrate the possible existence of off-equatorial charged tori and equatorial tori with cusps that also enable outflows of matter from the torus in the Newtonian regime. These phenomena qualitatively represent a new consequence of the interplay between gravity and electromagnetism. From an astrophysical point of view, our investigation can provide insight into processes that determine the vertical structure of dusty tori surrounding accretion disks.

  4. A program to develop advanced EBT [ELMO Bumpy Torus] concepts and international collaboration on the Bumpy Torus concept: Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project was undertaken to develop innovative concepts for improving the performance of ELMO Bumpy Torus devices in those aspects of plasma confinement that are particularly relevant to an eventual EBT reactor concept. These include effective magnetic utilization using Andreoletti coils, enhanced confinement using positive ambipolar potentials, and attractive divertor concepts that are compatible with formation and maintenance of ELMO rings. Each of the three major objectives was achieved and, except for the divertor studies, documented for publication and presentation at major scientific meetings. This report provides a brief recapitulation of the major results achieved in the form of a collection of those publications, together with this Introduction

  5. Three-dimensional tori and Arnold tongues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sekikawa, Munehisa, E-mail: sekikawa@cc.utsunomiya-u.ac.jp [Department of Mechanical and Intelligent Engineering, Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya-shi 321-8585 (Japan); Inaba, Naohiko [Organization for the Strategic Coordination of Research and Intellectual Property, Meiji University, Kawasaki-shi 214-8571 (Japan); Kamiyama, Kyohei [Department of Electronics and Bioinformatics, Meiji University, Kawasaki-shi 214-8571 (Japan); Aihara, Kazuyuki [Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo, Meguro-ku 153-8505 (Japan)

    2014-03-15

    This study analyzes an Arnold resonance web, which includes complicated quasi-periodic bifurcations, by conducting a Lyapunov analysis for a coupled delayed logistic map. The map can exhibit a two-dimensional invariant torus (IT), which corresponds to a three-dimensional torus in vector fields. Numerous one-dimensional invariant closed curves (ICCs), which correspond to two-dimensional tori in vector fields, exist in a very complicated but reasonable manner inside an IT-generating region. Periodic solutions emerge at the intersections of two different thin ICC-generating regions, which we call ICC-Arnold tongues, because all three independent-frequency components of the IT become rational at the intersections. Additionally, we observe a significant bifurcation structure where conventional Arnold tongues transit to ICC-Arnold tongues through a Neimark-Sacker bifurcation in the neighborhood of a quasi-periodic Hopf bifurcation (or a quasi-periodic Neimark-Sacker bifurcation) boundary.

  6. Modular Curvature for Noncommutative Two-Tori

    CERN Document Server

    Connes, Alain

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the description of the conformal geometry of noncommutative 2-tori in the framework of modular spectral triples, we explicitly compute the local curvature functionals determined by the value at zero of the zeta functions affiliated with these spectral triples. We give a closed formula for the Ray-Singer analytic torsion in terms of the Dirichlet quadratic form and the generating function for Bernoulli numbers applied to the modular operator. The gradient of the Ray-Singer analytic torsion is then expressed in terms of these functionals, and yields the analogue of scalar curvature. Computing this gradient in two ways elucidates the meaning of the complicated two variable functions occurring in the formula for the scalar curvature. Moreover, the corresponding evolution equation for the metric produces the appropriate analogue of Ricci curvature. We prove the analogue of the classical result which asserts that in every conformal class the maximum value of the determinant of the Laplacian on metrics...

  7. Tori hobuse mitu palet ja ametit / Vivika Veski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veski, Vivika

    2008-01-01

    Tori hobusekasvandus pürib turismiäri ja toetuste abiga üle-eestilise haardega tõuaretuskeskuseks. Küsimusele, mida arvate plaanist luua Torisse hobuste aretamise keskus, vastavad Peep Puna ja Raigo Kollom

  8. On exact triangles consisting of stable vector bundles on tori

    CERN Document Server

    Kobayashi, Kazushi

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we consider the exact triangles consisting of stable holomorphic vector bundles on one-dimensional complex tori, and discuss their relations with the corresponding Fukaya category via the homological mirror symmetry.

  9. On Lower Dimensional Invariant Tori in Cd Reversible Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing ZHANG

    2008-01-01

    In this paper,a result on the persistence of lowner dimensional invariant tori in Cd reversible systems is obtained under some conditions.The theorem is proved for any d which is larger than some consts.

  10. Toris väärtustub ameeriklaste panus / Silvia Paluoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paluoja, Silvia, 1956-

    2010-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves ja Ameerika Ühendriikide suursaadik Michael C. Polt avasid 22. juunil 2010. a. Tori alevikus Eesti Sõjameeste Mälestuskirikus mälestusplaadi Ameerika Ühendriikide kodanikest Vabadusristi kavaleridele

  11. ELMO Bumpy Torus Reactor and power plant: conceptual design study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A complete power plant design of a 1200-MWe ELMO Bumpy Torus Reactor (EBTR) is presented. An emphasis is placed on those features that are unique to the EBT confinement concept, with subsystems and balance-of-plant items that are more generic to magnetic fusion being adapted from past, more extensive tokamak reactor designs. Similar to the latter tokamak studies, this conceptual EBTR design also emphasizes the use of conventional or near state-of-the-art engineering technology and materials. An emphasis is also placed on system accessibility, reliability, and maintainability, as these crucial and desirable characteristics relate to the unique high-aspect-ratio configuration of EBTs. Equal and strong emphasis is given to physics, engineering/technology, and costing/economics components of this design effort. Parametric optimizations and sensitivity studies, using cost-of-electricity as an object function, are reported. Based on these results, the direction for future improvement on an already attractive reactor design is identified

  12. Transient waveform acquisition system for the ELMO Bumpy Torus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The transient waveform system described in this report is designed to acquire analog waveforms from the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) diagnostic experiments. Pressure, density, synchrotron radiation, etc., are acquired and digitized with a Kinetic Systems TR812 transient recorder and associated modules located in a CAMAC crate. The system can simultaneously acquire, display, and transmit sets of data consisting of identification parameters and up to 1024 data points for 1 to 64 input signals (frequency range = 0.01 pulse/s to 100 kHz) of data every one or more minutes; thus, it can run continuously without operator intervention. The data are taken on a VAX 11/780 and transmitted to a data base on a DECSystem-10. To aid the programmer in making future modifications to the system, detailed documentation using the Yourdon structural methods has been given

  13. Performance of a 12-coil superconducting 'bumpy torus' magnet facility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, J. R.; Holmes, A. D.; Keller, T. A.; Krawczonek, W. M.

    1972-01-01

    The NASA-Lewis 'bumpy torus' facility consists of 12 superconducting coils, each 19 cm ID and capable of 3.0 tesla on their axes. The coils are equally spaced around a toroidal array with a major diameter of 1.52 m, and are mounted with the major axis of the torus vertical in a single vacuum tank 2.6 m in diameter. Final shakedown tests of the facility mapped out its magnetic, cryogenic, vacuum, mechanical, and electrical performance. The facility is now ready for use as a plasma physics research facility. A maximum magnetic field on the magnetic axis of 3.23 teslas has been held for a period of more than sixty minutes without a coil normalcy.

  14. Theoretical studies of Elmo Bumpy Torus. Annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The work was divided into four basic areas. Studies of the effect of waves on stability and transport considered the possibility of using radio frequency waves to stabilize interchange modes, as well as the general problem of influencing plasma transport by wave absorption. Studies related to wave heating of plasmas considered nonlinear effects such as mode conversion and parametric absorption, along with studies of the structure of ion cyclotron waves in a strongly bumpy geometry. Ring physics studies added nonadiabaticity and whistler instabilities to the model, producing a fairly realistic picture of energy balance, power requirements, and scaling for hot electron rings. Finally, studies analyzing EBT transport data were performed, with emphasis on testing various hypotheses for apparent anomalies in the EBT

  15. Normal linear stability of quasi-periodic tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broer, H. W.; Hoo, J.; Naudot, V.

    We consider families of dynamical systems having invariant tori that carry quasi-periodic motions. Our interest is the persistence of such tori under small, nearly-integrable perturbations. This persistence problem is studied in the dissipative, the Hamiltonian and the reversible setting, as part of a more general KAM theory for classes of structure preserving dynamical systems. This concerns the parametrized KAM theory as initiated by Moser [J.K. Moser, On the theory of quasiperiodic motions, SIAM Rev. 8 (2) (1966)145-172; J.K. Moser, Convergent series expansions for quasi-periodic motions, Math. Ann. 169 (1967) 136-176] and further developed in [G.B. Huitema, Unfoldings of quasi-periodic tori, PhD thesis, University of Groningen, 1988; H.W. Broer, G.B. Huitema, F. Takens, Unfoldings of quasi-periodic tori, Mem. Amer. Math. Soc. 83 (421) (1990) 1-82; H.W. Broer, G.B. Huitema, Unfoldings of quasi-periodic tori in reversible systems, J. Dynam. Differential Equations 7 (1) (1995) 191-212]. The corresponding nondegeneracy condition involves certain (trans-)versality conditions on the normal linear, leading, part at the invariant tori. We show that as a consequence, a Cantor family of Diophantine tori with positive Hausdorff measure is persistent under nearly-integrable perturbations. This result extends the above references since presently the case of multiple Floquet exponents is included. Our leading example is the normal 1 :-1 resonance, which occurs a lot in applications, both Hamiltonian and reversible. As an illustration of this we briefly describe the Lagrange top coupled to an oscillator.

  16. Radial transport in the ELMO Bumpy Torus in collisionless regimes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One important area of disagreement between radial transport theory and the ELMO Bumpy Torus experiment (EBT) has been the degree of collisionality of the toroidal plasma electrons. Experiment shows relatively warm electrons (kT/sub e/ approx. 300 to 600 eV) and collisionless scaling, that is, energy confinement increasing with temperature. But results of early one-dimensional (1-D), neoclassical transport models with radially inward pointing electric fields are limited to relatively cool electrons (kT/sub e/ approx. 100 to 200 eV) and collisional scaling. In this paper these early results are extended to include lowest order effects of ion diffusion in regions where poloidal drift frequencies are small. Effects of direct, or nondiffusive, losses in such regions are neglected. Results show that solutions in the collisionless regime do exist. Furthermore, when effects of finite electron ring beta on magnetic fields near the plasma edge are included, these solutions occur at power levels consistent with experiment

  17. Sliding resistance of plates with bionic bumpy surface against soil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jian-qiao; SUN Jiu-rong; REN Lu-quan; CHEN Bing-cong

    2004-01-01

    The non-smooth surface morphology of dung beetle, Copris ochus, was analyzed. The bulldozing plates with bionic geometric non-smooth or the chemical uneven surface were designed for the soil sliding test based on the simulation of the bumpy surface of the dung beetle. Special black metals-with different contents of alloys of manganese, silicon, chromium,copper and rare earth-were developed for making geometric non-smooth and chemical uneven surfaces by means of surface welding at the surfaces of a middle carbon steel plate. Four metals, with different surface properties including hardness and water contact angle were used to make the bulldozing plates for measuring the soil sliding resistance. Test results of soil sliding resistance indicate that all the geometric non-smooth plates and the chemical uneven plates reducing soil friction.Considering the materials and surface morphology, the bionic plate can reduce the soil sliding resistance from 18.1% up to 42.2%, compared to the traditional smooth bulldozing plate made from middle carbon steel. The test results also show that the smaller the normal load, the greater effect on resistance reduction by the bionic non-smooth surface plates.

  18. Performance of a 12-coil superconducting bumpy torus magnet facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, J. R.; Holmes, A. D.; Keller, T. A.; Krawczonek, W. M.

    1972-01-01

    The bumpy torus facility consists of 12 superconducting coils, each 19 cm i.d. and capable of 3.0 teslas on their axes. The coils are equally spaced around a toroidal array with a major diameter of 1.52 m, and are mounted with the major axis of the torus vertical in a single vacuum tank 2.6 m in diameter. Final shakedown tests of the facility mapped out its magnetic, cryogenic, vacuum, mechanical, and electrical performance. The facility is now ready for use as a plasma physics research facility. A maximum magnetic field on the magnetic axis of 3.23 teslas was held for a period of more than sixty minutes without a coil normalcy. The design field was 3.00 teslas. The steady-state liquid helium boil-off rate was 87 liters per hour of liquid helium without the coils charged. The coil array was stable when subjected to an impulsive loading, even with the magnets fully charged. When the coils were charged to a maximum magnetic field of 3.35 teslas, the system was driven normal without damage.

  19. Küsimuste tulv automaksu teel / Villem Tori

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tori, Villem

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Autoettevõtete Liidu direktor Villem Tori imestab sotsiaaldemokraatide automaksu idee üle, sest kordagi pole öeldud, mida sellest maksust laekuva rahaga teha soovitakse. Vt. samas: Võimalik automaks. Kommenteerivad võimlemisklubi Janika juht Janika Mölder ja suusatreener Mati Alaver

  20. Once-punctured tori and knots in lens spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Baker, Kenneth L.

    2006-01-01

    We determine the non-null homologous knots in lens spaces whose exteriors contain properly embedded once-punctured tori. All such knots arise as surgeries on the Whitehead link and are grid number 1 in their lens spaces. As a corollary, we classify once-punctured torus bundles that admit a lens space filling.

  1. Line emission from optically thick relativistic accretion tori

    CERN Document Server

    Fuerst, Steven V

    2007-01-01

    We calculate line emission from relativistic accretion tori around Kerr black holes and investigate how the line profiles depend on the viewing inclination, spin of the central black hole, parameters describing the shape of the tori, and spatial distribution of line emissivity on the torus surface. We also compare the lines with those from thin accretion disks. Our calculations show that lines from tori and lines from thin disks share several common features. In particular, at low and moderate viewing inclination angles they both have asymmetric double-peaked profiles with a tall, sharp blue peak and a shorter red peak which has an extensive red wing. At high viewing inclination angles they both have very broad, asymmetric lines which can be roughly considered single-peaked. Torus and disk lines may show very different red and blue line wings, but the differences are due to the models for relativistic tori and disks having differing inner boundary radii. Self-eclipse and lensing play some role in shaping the ...

  2. Erakordne jumalateenistus Eesti Sõjameeste Mälestuskirikus Toris / Kuno Raude

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raude, Kuno

    2010-01-01

    22. juunil 2010. a. Toris Eesti Sõjameeste Mälestuskirikus toimunud jumalateenistusest, millest võttis osa ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilves. Eesti riigipea avas koos USA suursaadikuga Eestis Michael C. Polt'iga Ameerika Ühendriikide kodanikest Vabadusristi kavaleridele pühendatud mälestusplaadi

  3. Scale invariant Strichartz estimates on tori and applications

    OpenAIRE

    Killip, Rowan; Visan, Monica

    2014-01-01

    We prove scale-invariant Strichartz inequalities for the Schrodinger equation on rectangular tori (rational or irrational) in all dimensions. We use these estimates to give a unified and simpler treatment of local well-posedness of the energy-critical nonlinear Schrodinger equation in dimensions three and four.

  4. Line Emission from Optically Thick RelativisticAccretion Tori

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuerst, Steven V.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Mullard Space Sci. Lab.; Wu, Kinwah; /Mullard Space Sci. Lab.

    2007-09-14

    We calculate line emission from relativistic accretion tori around Kerr black holes and investigate how the line profiles depend on the viewing inclination, spin of the central black hole, parameters describing the shape of the tori, and spatial distribution of line emissivity on the torus surface. We also compare the lines with those from thin accretion disks. Our calculations show that lines from tori and lines from thin disks share several common features. In particular, at low and moderate viewing inclination angles they both have asymmetric double-peaked profiles with a tall, sharp blue peak and a shorter red peak which has an extensive red wing. At high viewing inclination angles they both have very broad, asymmetric lines which can be roughly considered as single-peaked. Torus and disk lines may show very different red and blue line wings, but the differences are due to the models for relativistic tori and disks having differing inner boundary radii. Self-eclipse and lensing play some role in shaping the torus lines, but they are effective only at high inclination angles. If inner and outer radii of an accretion torus are the same as those of an accretion disk, their line profiles show substantial differences only when inclination angles are close to 90{sup o}, and those differences are manifested mostly at the central regions of the lines instead of the wings.

  5. Perfect fluid tori orbiting Kehagias-Sfetsos naked singularities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuchlík, Z.; Pugliese, D.; Schee, J.; Kučáková, H.

    2015-09-01

    We construct perfect fluid tori in the field of the Kehagias-Sfetsos (K-S) naked singularities. These are spherically symmetric vacuum solutions of the modified Hořava quantum gravity, characterized by a dimensionless parameter ω M^2, combining the gravitational mass parameter M of the spacetime with the Hořava parameter ω reflecting the role of the quantum corrections. In dependence on the value of ω M^2, the K-S naked singularities demonstrate a variety of qualitatively different behavior of their circular geodesics that is fully reflected in the properties of the toroidal structures, demonstrating clear distinction to the properties of the torii in the Schwarzschild spacetimes. In all of the K-S naked singularity spacetimes the tori are located above an "antigravity" sphere where matter can stay in a stable equilibrium position, which is relevant for the stability of the orbiting fluid toroidal accretion structures. The signature of the K-S naked singularity is given by the properties of marginally stable tori orbiting with the uniform distribution of the specific angular momentum of the fluid, l= const. In the K-S naked singularity spacetimes with ω M^2 > 0.2811, doubled tori with the same l= const can exist; mass transfer between the outer torus and the inner one is possible under appropriate conditions, while only outflow to the outer space is allowed in complementary conditions. In the K-S spacetimes with ω M^2 < 0.2811, accretion from cusped perfect fluid tori is not possible due to the non-existence of unstable circular geodesics.

  6. Perfect fluid tori orbiting Kehagias-Sfetsos naked singularities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stuchlik, Z.; Pugliese, D.; Schee, J.; Kucakova, H. [Silesian University in Opava, Faculty of Philosophy and Science, Institute of Physics and Research Centre of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Opava (Czech Republic)

    2015-09-15

    We construct perfect fluid tori in the field of the Kehagias-Sfetsos (K-S) naked singularities. These are spherically symmetric vacuum solutions of the modified Horava quantum gravity, characterized by a dimensionless parameter ωM{sup 2}, combining the gravitational mass parameter M of the spacetime with the Horava parameter ω, reflecting the role of the quantum corrections. In dependence on the value of ωM{sup 2}, the K-S naked singularities demonstrate a variety of qualitatively different behavior of their circular geodesics that is fully reflected in the properties of the toroidal structures, demonstrating clear distinction to the properties of the torii in the Schwarzschild spacetimes. In all of the K-S naked singularity spacetimes the tori are located above an @gantigravity@h sphere where matter can stay in a stable equilibrium position, which is relevant for the stability of the orbiting fluid toroidal accretion structures. The signature of the K-S naked singularity is given by the properties of marginally stable tori orbiting with the uniform distribution of the specific angular momentum of the fluid, l = const. In the K-S naked singularity spacetimes with ωM{sup 2} > 0.2811, doubled tori with the same l = const can exist; mass transfer between the outer torus and the inner one is possible under appropriate conditions, while only outflow to the outer space is allowed in complementary conditions. In the K-S spacetimes with ωM{sup 2} < 0.2811, accretion from cusped perfect fluid tori is not possible due to the non-existence of unstable circular geodesics. (orig.)

  7. Roles of bumpy field on collisionless particle confinement in helical axis heliotrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The roles of 'bumpy' field on collisionless particle confinement in helical axis heliotrons are investigated with model magnetic field and particle orbit calculations in Boozer co-ordinates. The mod Bmin contours can be shifted in the major radius direction with control of the bumpy field, where Bmin is the minimum value of vertical bar B vertical bar in the toroidal direction within one field period. The area of closed mod Bmin contours is a useful measure with which to evaluate global collisionless particle confinement as long as the mod Bmin contours connect toroidally. The negative value of the ratio between the bumpy component and the helicity component contributes to obtaining the largest area of closed mod Bmin contours for a finite ratio between the toroidicity component and the helicity component. The radially increasing bumpy field contributes to the realization of a toroidally localized mod Bmin structure. It also produces a region with a large derivative of vertical bar B vertical bar with respect to the toroidal magnetic flux, which is well aligned to the toroidally localized mod Bmin structure. This enhances the large poloidal drift of the guiding centre orbits, while the radial drift is unaffected, effectively improving the particle confinement. (author)

  8. Mind the Resonances: Final stages of accretion into bumpy black holes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this article we discuss a possible way of testing the Kerr black hole hypothesis by taking advantage of phenomena correlated with chaotic motion in the final stages of an accretion disk around a bumpy black hole. We anticipate that these phenomena should have an imprint in the electromagnetic spectrum coming from the accretion disk

  9. Classification of knotted tori in 2-metastable dimension

    KAUST Repository

    Cencelj, Matija

    2012-11-30

    This paper is devoted to the classical Knotting Problem: for a given manifold N and number m describe the set of isotopy classes of embeddings N → Sm. We study the specific case of knotted tori, that is, the embeddings Sp × Sq → Sm. The classification of knotted tori up to isotopy in the metastable dimension range m > p + 3 2 q + 2, p 6 q, was given by Haefliger, Zeeman and A. Skopenkov. We consider the dimensions below the metastable range and give an explicit criterion for the finiteness of this set of isotopy classes in the 2-metastable dimension: Theorem. Assume that p+ 4 3 q +2 < mp+ 3 2 q +2 and m > 2p+q +2. Then the set of isotopy classes of smooth embeddings Sp × Sq → Sm is infinite if and only if either q + 1 or p + q + 1 is divisible by 4. © 2012 RAS(DoM) and LMS.

  10. Oscillations of radiation pressure supported tori near black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Mazur, Grzegorz P; Sądowski, Aleksander; Mishra, Bhupendra; Kluźniak, Włodek

    2015-01-01

    We study the dynamics of radiation pressure supported tori around Schwarzschild black holes, focusing on their oscillatory response to an external perturbation. Using KORAL, a general relativistic radiation hydrodynamics code capable of modeling all radiative regimes from the optically thick to the optically thin, we monitor a sample of models at different initial temperatures and opacities, evolving them in two spatial dimensions for $\\sim 165$ orbital periods. The dynamics of models with high opacity is very similar to that of purely hydrodynamics models, and it is characterized by regular oscillations which are visible also in the light curves. As the opacity is decreased, the tori quickly and violently migrate towards the gas-pressure dominated regime, collapsing towards the equatorial plane. When the spectra of the $L_2$ norm of the mass density are considered, high frequency inertial-acoustic modes of oscillations are detected (with the fundamental mode at a frequency $68 M_{\\rm BH}^{-1}\\,\\rm Hz$), in c...

  11. Homological mirror symmetry on noncommutative two-tori

    CERN Document Server

    Kajiura, H

    2004-01-01

    Homological mirror symmetry is a conjecture that a category constructed in the A-model and a category constructed in the B-model are equivalent in some sense. We construct a cyclic differential graded (DG) category of holomorphic vector bundles on noncommutative two-tori as a category in the B-model side. We define the corresponding Fukaya's category in the A-model side, and prove the equivalence of the two categories at the level of cyclic categories. We further write down explicitly Feynman rules for higher Massey products derived from the cyclic DG category. As a background of these arguments, a physical explanation of the mirror symmetry for noncommutative two-tori is also given.

  12. Perfect fluid tori orbiting Kehagias-Sfetsos naked singularities

    CERN Document Server

    Stuchlík, Zdeněk; Schee, Jan; Kučáková, Hana

    2014-01-01

    We construct perfect fluid tori in the field of the Kehagias-Sfetsos (K-S) naked singularity representing spherically symmetric vacuum solution of the modified Ho\\v{r}ava quantum gravity that is characterized by a dimensionless parameter $\\omega M^2$, combining the gravitational mass parameter $M$ of the spacetime with the Ho\\v{r}ava parameter $\\omega$ reflecting the role of the quantum corrections. In dependence on the value of $\\omega M^2$, the K-S naked singularities demonstrate a variety of qualitatively different behavior of their circular geodesics that is fully reflected in the properties of the toroidal structures. In all of the K-S naked singularity spacetimes the tori are located above an "antigravity" sphere where matter can stay in stable equilibrium position, that is relevant for the stability of the orbiting fluid toroidal accretion structures.

  13. Mechanisms of Stochastic Diffusion of Energetic Ions in Spherical Tori

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ya.I. Kolesnichenko; R.B. White; Yu.V. Yakovenko

    2001-01-18

    Stochastic diffusion of the energetic ions in spherical tori is considered. The following issues are addressed: (I) Goldston-White-Boozer diffusion in a rippled field; (ii) cyclotron-resonance-induced diffusion caused by the ripple; (iii) effects of non-conservation of the magnetic moment in an axisymmetric field. It is found that the stochastic diffusion in spherical tori with a weak magnetic field has a number of peculiarities in comparison with conventional tokamaks; in particular, it is characterized by an increased role of mechanisms associated with non-conservation of the particle magnetic moment. It is concluded that in current experiments on National Spherical Torus eXperiment (NSTX) the stochastic diffusion does not have a considerable influence on the confinement of energetic ions.

  14. Circular geodesics and thick tori around rotating boson stars

    CERN Document Server

    Meliani, Z; Grandclément, P; Gourgoulhon, E; Monceau-Baroux, R; Straub, O

    2015-01-01

    Accretion disks play an important role in the evolution of their relativistic inner compact objects. The emergence of a new generation of interferometers will allow to resolve these accretion disks and provide more information about the properties of the central gravitating object. Due to this instrumental leap forward it is crucial to investigate the accretion disk physics near various types of inner compact objects now to deduce later constraints on the central objects from observations. A possible candidate for the inner object is the boson star. Here, we will try to analyze the differences between accretion structures surrounding boson stars and black holes. We aim at analysing the physics of circular geodesics around boson stars and study simple thick accretion tori (so-called Polish doughnuts) in the vicinity of these stars. We realize a detailed study of the properties of circular geodesics around boson stars. We then perform a parameter study of thick tori with constant angular momentum surrounding bo...

  15. Existence of Invariant Tori for Certain Weakly Reversible Mappings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bao She WEI

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, we consider certain mappings, M, sufficiently close to an integrable one,which is weakly reversible with respect to the mappings G sufficiently close to an involution of type(m, n), where m,n ∈ Z+ are arbitrary. Under some weak non-degeneracy condition, we constructa uniform KAM iteration for proving the existence of a Cantor family of m-tori invariant under thereversible mappings M and the reversing mapping G.

  16. The Persistence of Invariant Tori in Nearly Small Twist Mappings with Intersection Property

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝文壮; 黄庆道; 刘柏枫

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the nearly small twist mappings with intersection property. With a certain non-degenerate condition, we proved that the most of invariant tori of the original small twist mappings will survive afer small perturtations. The persisted invariant tori are close to the unperturbed ones when the perturbation are small. The orbits reduced by those mappings are quasi-periodic in the invariant tori with the frequences closing to the original ones.

  17. A 12-coil superconducting 'bumpy torus' magnet facility for plasma research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, J. R.; Holmes, A. D.; Keller, T. A.; Krawczonek, W. M.

    1972-01-01

    A retrospective summary is presented of the performance of the two-coil superconducting pilot rig which preceded the NASA Lewis bumpy torus. The NASA Lewis bumpy torus facility consists of 12 superconducting coils, each with a 19 cm i.d. and capable of producing magnetic field strengths of 3.0 teslas on their axes. The magnets are equally spaced around a major circumference 1.52 m in diameter, and are mounted with the major axis of the torus vertical in a single vacuum tank 2.59 m in diameter. The design value of maximum magnetic field on the magnetic axis (3.0 T) has been reached and exceeded.

  18. The Tomba dei Tori at Tarquinia: A ritual approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Rasmus Brandt

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In a recent publication (Brandt 2014b an attempt was made to single out recurring pictorial motifs in Etruscan tomb paintings and to interpret them as elements of funerary ritual procedures with reference to Arnold van Gennep’s rites-de-passage model (1908 and Mary Douglas’ views on purity and danger (1996. The model is here applied on the Archaic and well-known Tomba dei Tori at Tarquinia in order to see if the tomb’s many enigmatic pictorial scenes can be read as coherent elements of such procedures.

  19. KAM Type-Theorem for Lower Dimensional Tori in Random Hamiltonian Systems*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI YONG; XU LU

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we study the persistence of lower dimensional tori for random Hamiltonian systems, which shows that majority of the unperturbed tori persist as Cantor fragments of lower dimensional ones under small perturbation. Using this result, we can describe the stability of the non-autonomous dynamic systems.

  20. Oscillations of radiation pressure supported tori near black holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazur, Grzegorz P.; Zanotti, Olindo; Sądowski, Aleksander; Mishra, Bhupendra; Kluźniak, Wlodek

    2016-03-01

    We study the dynamics of radiation pressure supported tori around Schwarzschild black holes, focusing on their oscillatory response to an external perturbation. Using KORAL, a general relativistic radiation-hydrodynamics code capable of modelling all radiative regimes from the optically thick to the optically thin, we monitor a sample of models at different initial temperatures and opacities, evolving them in two spatial dimensions for ˜165 orbital periods. The dynamics of models with high opacity is very similar to that of purely hydrodynamics models, and it is characterized by regular oscillations which are visible also in the light curves. As the opacity is decreased, the tori quickly and violently migrate towards the gas-pressure dominated regime, collapsing towards the equatorial plane. When the spectra of the L2 norm of the mass density are considered, high-frequency inertial-acoustic modes of oscillations are detected (with the fundamental mode at a frequency 68 M_BH^{-1} Hz), in close analogy to the phenomenology of purely hydrodynamic models. An additional mode of oscillation, at a frequency 129 M_BH^{-1} Hz, is also found, which can be unambiguously attributed to the radiation. The spectra extracted from the light curves are typically noisier, indicating that in a real observation such modes may not be easily detected.

  1. REGIMUL JURIDIC AL BILETULUI DE CĂLĂTORIE ELECTRONIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dumitriţa BAEŞU

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available În articol sunt scoase în relief principalele repere conceptuale ce se ataşează problematicii cu privire la coraportul biletului de călătorie electronic în transportul auto de călători şi bagaje şi în transportul aerian. Este fundamentată teza, potrivit căreia sistemul de taxare electronic în cadrul prestării serviciilor de transport este deosebit de important şi nece­sar în contextul racordării legislaţiei naţionale la cerinţele Uniunii Europene. De asemenea, se menţionează că reforma în cazul respectiv este oportună şi inevitabilă, deoarece una dintre condiţiile cerute de Uniunea Europeană pentru integrarea Republicii Moldova în acest sistem constă în armonizarea legislaţiei privind transportul la standardele europene. Nu în ultimul rând, este formulată concluzia, potrivit căreia achiziţionarea biletelor de călătorie electronice a devenit mult mai comodă, economă şi accesibilă.                                                                                   LEGAL REGIME OF THE ELECTRONIC TRAVEL TICKET                                               In the article are pointed out major conceptual aspects that are a added to issues on the ticket correlation of road transport of passengers electronic ticket and luggage in air transport. It is fundamental thesis that the electronic toll system in transport services is particularly important and necessary in the context of adjusting the national legislation to the European Union standards. Also in this case, is mentioned that reform is appropriate and inevitable, because one of the conditions required by the EU for Moldova's integration into the system is to harmonize transport legislation with European standards. Finally, as conclusion, electronic travel ticket purchasing has become more convenient, cheap and affordable. 

  2. Nonsymmetric systems arising in the computation of invariant tori

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trummer, M.R. [Simons Fraser Univ., Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada)

    1996-12-31

    We introduce two new spectral implementations for computing invariant tori. The underlying nonlinear partial differential equation although hyperbolic by nature, has periodic boundary conditions in both space and time. In our first approach we discretize the spatial variable, and find the solution via a shooting method. In our second approach, a full two-dimensional Fourier spectral discretization and Newton`s method lead to very large, sparse, nonsymmetric systems. These matrices are highly structured, but the sparsity pattern prohibits the use of direct solvers. A modified conjugate gradient type iterative solver appears to perform best for this type of problems. The two methods are applied to the van der Pol oscillator, and compared to previous algorithms. Several preconditioners are investigated.

  3. Dynamical supersymmetry breaking on magnetized tori and orbifolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, Hiroyuki; Kobayashi, Tatsuo; Sumita, Keigo

    2016-10-01

    We construct several dynamical supersymmetry breaking (DSB) models within a single ten-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) theory, compactified on magnetized tori with or without orbifolding. We study the case that the supersymmetry breaking is triggered by a strong dynamics of SU (NC) SYM theory with NF flavors contained in the four-dimensional effective theory. We show several configurations of magnetic fluxes and orbifolds, those potentially yield, below the compactification scale, the field contents and couplings required for triggering DSB. We especially find a class of self-complete DSB models on orbifolds, where all the extra fields are eliminated by the orbifold projection and DSB successfully occurs within the given framework. Comments on some perspectives for associating the obtained DSB models with the other sectors, such as the visible sector and another hidden sector for, e.g., stabilizing moduli, are also given.

  4. Dynamical supersymmetry breaking on magnetized tori and orbifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Abe, Hiroyuki; Sumita, Keigo

    2016-01-01

    We construct several dynamical supersymmetry breaking (DSB) models within a single ten-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) theory, compactified on magnetized tori with or without orbifolding. We study the case that the supersymmetry breaking is triggered by a strong dynamics of $SU(N_C)$ SYM theory with $N_F$ flavors contained in the four-dimensional effective theory. We show several configurations of magnetic fluxes and orbifolds, those potentially yield, below the compactification scale, the field contents and couplings required for triggering DSB. We especially find a class of self-complete DSB models on orbifolds, where all the extra fields are eliminated by the orbifold projection and DSB successfully occurs within the given framework. Comments on some perspectives for associating the obtained DSB models with the other sectors, such as the visible sector and another hidden sector for, e.g., stabilizing moduli, are also given.

  5. Dynamical supersymmetry breaking on magnetized tori and orbifolds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroyuki Abe

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available We construct several dynamical supersymmetry breaking (DSB models within a single ten-dimensional supersymmetric Yang–Mills (SYM theory, compactified on magnetized tori with or without orbifolding. We study the case that the supersymmetry breaking is triggered by a strong dynamics of SU(NC SYM theory with NF flavors contained in the four-dimensional effective theory. We show several configurations of magnetic fluxes and orbifolds, those potentially yield, below the compactification scale, the field contents and couplings required for triggering DSB. We especially find a class of self-complete DSB models on orbifolds, where all the extra fields are eliminated by the orbifold projection and DSB successfully occurs within the given framework. Comments on some perspectives for associating the obtained DSB models with the other sectors, such as the visible sector and another hidden sector for, e.g., stabilizing moduli, are also given.

  6. Low-energy capture of asteroids onto KAM tori

    CERN Document Server

    Verrier, Patricia E

    2015-01-01

    We present a new method for engineering the artificial capture of asteroids. Based on theories of the chaos-assisted capture of natural satellites of the giant planets, we show how an unbound asteroid that passes close to a regular region of phase space can be easily moved onto the nearby KAM tori and essentially permanently captured with the Earth's Hill sphere without closing the zero velocity curves. The method has the advantages of a relatively low delta-v requirement and no need for control strategies. An illustration of the method is given for an example asteroid trajectory, demonstrating that it is a viable strategy for the final capture stage of asteroids in the Earth's neighbourhood.

  7. Constructive spherical codes on layers of flat tori

    CERN Document Server

    Torezzan, Cristiano; Vaishampayan, Vinay A

    2012-01-01

    A new class of spherical codes is constructed by selecting a finite subset of flat tori from a foliation of the unit sphere S^{2L-1} of R^{2L} and designing a structured codebook on each torus layer. The resulting spherical code can be the image of a lattice restricted to a specific hyperbox in R^L in each layer. Group structure and homogeneity, useful for efficient storage and decoding, are inherited from the underlying lattice codebook. A systematic method for constructing such codes are presented and, as an example, the Leech lattice is used to construct a spherical code in R^{48}. Upper and lower bounds on the performance, the asymptotic packing density and a method for decoding are derived.

  8. A vast amount of various invariant tori in the Nosé-Hoover oscillator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Lei [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Department of Mathematics and Physics, Hefei University, Hefei 230601 (China); Yang, Xiao-Song, E-mail: yangxs@hust.edu.cn [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2015-12-15

    This letter restudies the Nosé-Hoover oscillator. Some new averagely conservative regions are found, each of which is filled with different sequences of nested tori with various knot types. Especially, the dynamical behaviors near the border of “chaotic region” and conservative regions are studied showing that there exist more complicated and thinner invariant tori around the boundaries of conservative regions bounded by tori. Our results suggest an infinite number of island chains in a “chaotic sea” for the Nosé-Hoover oscillator.

  9. A vast amount of various invariant tori in the Nosé-Hoover oscillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lei; Yang, Xiao-Song

    2015-12-01

    This letter restudies the Nosé-Hoover oscillator. Some new averagely conservative regions are found, each of which is filled with different sequences of nested tori with various knot types. Especially, the dynamical behaviors near the border of "chaotic region" and conservative regions are studied showing that there exist more complicated and thinner invariant tori around the boundaries of conservative regions bounded by tori. Our results suggest an infinite number of island chains in a "chaotic sea" for the Nosé-Hoover oscillator.

  10. Observation of hot-electron ring instabilities in ELMO Bumpy Torus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A high-frequency hot electron instability is observed in ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) plasmas when the hot electron-to-ion density ratio exceeds 0.4. Both the real frequency and the imaginary frequency are larger than the ion cyclotron frequency. The azimuthal mode number (m) is 7, and the instability rotates in the hot electron curvature drift direction. This instability is identified as a curvature-driven mode. When it is strongly excited, the equilibrium of the hot electron annuli and confined core plasmas are destroyed (disruption). Extensive ion heating and neutron bursts are associated with this instability

  11. The existence of periodic orbits and invariant tori for some 3-dimensional quadratic systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yanan; Han, Maoan; Xiao, Dongmei

    2014-01-01

    We use the normal form theory, averaging method, and integral manifold theorem to study the existence of limit cycles in Lotka-Volterra systems and the existence of invariant tori in quadratic systems in ℝ(3). PMID:24982980

  12. Tinker, Tory, Wobbler, why? The political economy of electricity restructuring in Ontario, 1995--2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Charles Francis James

    The Ontario Tories' 42-year hegemony in government (1943-1985) was wrought through clever policies which often utilized Crown institutions to promote prosperity or to oblige or mollify vying interests. Ousted in 1985, though, they used their time in opposition to revise the Tory doctrine. In the 1995 election, the Tories emerged a tougher, more truculent group quite unlike their predecessors. Campaigning on their Common Sense Revolution (CSR) platform, they promised to eliminate red tape and vowed to obliterate all ostensible economic barriers which were impeding commerce in the province. In the CSR, the Tories identified Ontario Hydro (OH), the province's lauded publicly-owned power monopoly, as a troublesome and inefficient Crown entity which required fundamental reform. Portions of OH, they hinted, would likely be sold. Once elected, the Tories worked hurriedly to demolish OH and destroy public power in Ontario. For nearly 100 years, OH proved a pivotal component within the province's political economy for its provision of affordable, reliable power and its function as a policy tool to incite and direct development. A Tory government fought to instigate public power in the early 1900s and, in the late 1900s, a Tory government was fighting vigorously to rescind it. Why would they now renounce Crown power? It is the intent of this thesis to elucidate the Tory government's involvement in the transformation of Ontario's electricity industry from 1995 to 2003. Distinguishing electricity as a special, strategic staple, this thesis uses a pro-state, pro-staples industry political economy approach to discern how and why the Tory government sought to restructure the electricity sector. Essentially, it posits that the onslaught of neoliberalism, the emergence of novel generating technology, and the faltering of OH's nuclear wing all had a huge part to play in provoking the Tory government to initiate its reforms. Their reforms, though, proved too hasty, haughty, and

  13. Bifurcation analysis and control of periodic solutions changing into invariant tori in Langford system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Su-Hua; Tang Jia-Shi; Qin Jin-Qi; Yin Xiao-Bo

    2008-01-01

    Bifurcation characteristics of the Langford system in a general form are systematically analysed,and nonlinear controls of periodic solutions changing into invariant tori in this system are achieved.Analytical relationship between control gain and bifurcation parameter is obtained.Bifurcation diagrams are drawn,showing the results of control for secondary Hopf bifurcation and sequences of bifurcations route to chaos.Numerical simulations of quasi-periodic tori validate analytic predictions.

  14. A 12 coil superconducting bumpy torus magnet facility for plasma research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, J. R.; Holmes, A. D.; Keller, T. A.; Krawczonek, W. M.

    1972-01-01

    A summary is presented of the performance of the two-coil superconducting pilot rig which preceded the NASA Lewis bumpy torus. This pilot rig was operated for 550 experimental runs over a period of 7 years. The NASA Lewis bumpy torus facility consists of 12 superconducting coils, each with a 19 cm in diameter and capable of producing magnetic field strengths of 3.0 teslas on their axes. The magnets are equally spaced around a major circumference 1.52 m in diameter, and are mounted with the major axis of the torus vertical in a single vacuum tank 2.59 m in diameter. The design value of maximum magnetic field on the magnetic axis (3.0 teslas) was reached and exceeded. A maximum magnetic field of 3.23 teslas was held for a period of 60 minutes, and the coils did not go to normal. When the coils were charged to a maximum magnetic field of 3.35 teslas, the coil system was driven normal without damage to the facility.

  15. A Bumpy Border Crossing into the Teaching Culture on a U.S. Campus: Experience of a Chinese Faculty Member

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Qiang; Wang, Jian; Zhang, Shaoan

    2013-01-01

    Guided by cultural border crossing and teacher identity development theories, this case study explores the bumpy process of a junior Chinese faculty member's border crossing into the U.S. teaching culture and analyzes the challenges, coping strategies, and consequences of his border crossing on teaching and teacher identity development. The…

  16. Global structure of regular tori in a generic 4D symplectic map

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, S.; Richter, M.; Onken, F.; Bäcker, A.; Ketzmerick, R.

    2014-06-01

    For the case of generic 4d symplectic maps with a mixed phase space, we investigate the global organization of regular tori. For this, we compute elliptic 1-tori of two coupled standard maps and display them in a 3d phase-space slice. This visualizes how all regular 2-tori are organized around a skeleton of elliptic 1-tori in the 4d phase space. The 1-tori occur in two types of one-parameter families: (α) Lyapunov families emanating from elliptic-elliptic periodic orbits, which are observed to exist even far away from them and beyond major resonance gaps, and (β) families originating from rank-1 resonances. At resonance gaps of both types of families either (i) periodic orbits exist, similar to the Poincaré-Birkhoff theorem for 2d maps, or (ii) the family may form large bends. In combination, these results allow for describing the hierarchical structure of regular tori in the 4d phase space analogously to the islands-around-islands hierarchy in 2d maps.

  17. Low-dimensional q-Tori in FPU Lattices: Dynamics and Localization Properties

    CERN Document Server

    Christodoulidi, Helen

    2012-01-01

    This is a continuation of our study concerning q-tori, i.e. tori of low dimensionality in the phase space of nonlinear lattice models like the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam (FPU) model. In our previous work we focused on the beta FPU system, and we showed that the dynamical features of the q-tori serve as an interpretational tool to understand phenomena of energy localization in the FPU space of linear normal modes. In the present paper i) we employ the method of Poincare - Lindstedt series, for a fixed set of frequencies, in order to compute an explicit quasi-periodic representation of the trajectories lying on q-tori in the alpha model, and ii) we consider more general types of initial excitations in both the alpha and beta models. Furthermore we turn into questions of physical interest related to the dynamical features of the q-tori. We focus on particular q-tori solutions describing low-frequency `packets' of modes, and excitations of a small set of modes with an arbitrary distribution in q-space. In the former case, ...

  18. Electron temperature measurements from induced toroidal current in ELMO Bumpy Torus-Scale

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have carried out measurements on ELMO Bumpy Torus-Scale (EBT-S) to estimate the electron temperature of the toroidal plasma by inducing a small (approx. 2-A) fluctuating (5-Hz) ac toroidal current. The modulating frequency used is low enough to minimize the effects of cavity skin time (approx. 100 ms) and plasma inductance. We have calculated the temperature from the measured values of the current obtained by use of the Rogowsky loop at various fill pressures at 100 kW with 28-GHz operation. The electron temperature has been estimated to be around 80 to 90 eV with an error of about 10 to 25% in the low T-mode, which is in good agreement with the Thomson scattering measurements

  19. Testicular measurements and daily sperm output of Tori and Estonian breed stallions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavak, A; Lundeheim, N; Aidnik, M; Einarsson, S

    2003-06-01

    Evaluation of testicular measurements and daily sperm output (DSO) yields valuable information for predicting the reproductive capacity of stallions. The present study evaluated testicular measurements (height, length, width and circumference) and DSO of eight Tori and eight Estonian breed stallions. One ejaculate of semen was collected daily for 10 subsequent days from each stallion. The gel-free volume of semen was measured with a graduated glass cylinder and the sperm concentration was assessed with a Chorjajev chamber. The volume of gel-free fraction was multiplied by the sperm concentration to give the total number of spermatozoa (TSN). The DSO was calculated as mean TSN of collection on days 8-10 in Tori breed stallions and on days 4-10 in Estonian breed stallions. The DSO of Tori breed stallions was 12.9 x 109 spermatozoa and of Estonian breed stallions 4.5 x 109 spermatozoa (p Estonian breed stallions; right testis- height 7.4, length 10.6 and width 7.4 in Tori breed stallions, and 5.5, 7.4 and 5.3, respectively, in Estonian breed stallions. All these testicular measurements were significantly smaller in Estonian than in Tori breed stallions (p Estonian breed stallions, respectively (p Estonian (p Estonian breed stallions.

  20. Computation of whiskered invariant tori and their associated manifolds: new fast algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Huguet, Gemma; Sire, Yannick

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we present efficient algorithms for the computation of several invariant objects for Hamiltonian dynamics. More precisely, we consider KAM tori (i.e diffeomorphic copies of the torus such that the motion on them is conjugated to a rigid rotation) both Lagrangian tori (of maximal dimension) and whiskered tori (i.e. tori with hyperbolic directions which, together with the tangents to the torus and the symplectic conjugates span the whole tangent space). In the case of whiskered tori, we also present algorithms to compute the invariant splitting and the invariant manifolds associated to the splitting. We present them both for the case of discrete time and for differential equations. The algorithms are based on a Newton method to solve an appropriately chosen functional equation that expresses invariance. The algorithms are efficient: if we discretize the objects by $N$ elements, one step of the Newton method requires only O(N) storage and $O(N \\ln(N))$ operations. Furthermore, if the object we cons...

  1. The prevalence of tori amongst constant mean curvature planes in R3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carberry, Emma; Schmidt, Martin Ulrich

    2016-08-01

    Constant mean curvature (CMC) tori in Euclidean 3-space are described by an algebraic curve, called the spectral curve, together with a line bundle on this curve and a point on S1, called the Sym point. For a given spectral curve the possible choices of line bundle and Sym point are easily described. The space of spectral curves of tori is totally disconnected. Hence to characterise the "moduli space" of CMC tori one should, for each genus g, determine the closure Pg bar of spectral curves of CMC tori within the spectral curves of CMC planes having spectral genus g. We identify a real subvariety Rg and a subset Sg ⊆Rg such that Rmaxg ⊆Pg bar ⊆Sg, where Rmaxg denotes the points of Rg having maximal dimension. The lowest spectral genus for which tori exist is g = 2 and in this case R2 = Rmax2 =P2 bar =S2. For g > 2, we conjecture that Rg ⊋ Rmaxg =Sg. We give a number of alternative characterisations of Rmaxg and in particular introduce a new integer invariant of a CMC plane of finite type, called its winding number.

  2. Spherical Tori. Report on the joint meeting of the IAEA technical committee meeting on spherical tori and the fourth international workshop on spherical tori held at the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan 26-28 October 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spherical tori (ST), represented mainly by the spherical tokamak, are of growing importance for fusion research, and several new devices are planned or under construction around the world. The purpose of the Joint Meeting was to provide a forum for discussion of approaches to fusion energy based on ST. Other toroidal configurations, such as low aspect ratio helical systems and spheromaks, were also included in the scope of this meeting

  3. Efficient Indirect All-to-All Personalized Communication on Rings and 2-D Tori

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Naijie

    2001-01-01

    All-to-All personalized communication is a basic communication operation in a parallel computing environment. There are a lot of results appearing in literature. All these communication algorithms can be divided into two kinds: direct communication algorithm and indirect communication algorithm. The optimal direct all-to-all communication algorithm on rings and 2-D tori does exist. But, for indirect all-to-all communication algorithms, there is a gap between the time complexity of the already existing algorithm and the lower bound. In this paper an efficient indirect algorithm for all-to-all communication on rings and 2-D square tori with bidirection channels is presented. The algorithms is faster than any previous indirect algorithms. The main items of the time complexity of the algorithm is p2/8 and pa/2/8 on rings and 2-D tori respectively, both reaching the theoretical lower bound, where p is the number of processors.

  4. Lühidalt : Maavalitsus valmistub laulu- ja tantsupeoks. Pärnu-Jaagupis kõlab moosimuinasjutt. Toris tuleb laulukonkurss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Laulu- ja Tantsupeo SA ja maavalitsused, sh. Pärnu maavalitsus sõlmisid kultuuriministeeriumis koostöölepingu. Pianist Gerly Kättmann ja näitleja Ena Kõrv esitavad 16. mail Pärnu-Jaagupi Muusikakoolis Leelo Tungla muusikalise muinasjutu, mille vahele kõlab Eesti heliloojate klaverimuusika. Tori valla laste 11. laulukonkursist 18. mail Tori rahvamajas

  5. Oak Ridge National Laboratory ELMO Bumpy Torus radially resolved, time-dependent, one-dimensional transport code - user's guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Radially Resolved Time-Dependent One-Dimensional Transport code is described. The physical models and numerical techniques incorporated to follow the time evolution of ELMO Bumpy Torus plasmas ranging in size from the present experiment to power reactors are discussed. Sample input/output files are presented, and instructions for use on the Oak Ridge DEC-10 and the National Magnetic Fusion Energy Computer Center CRAY systems are given

  6. Periodic Orbits and Invariant Tori from a Semistable Limit Cycle in the Fast Dynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Some global behavior for a slowly varying oscillator was investigated. Based on a series of transformations and the theory of periodic orbits and integral manifold, the bifurcations of subharmonic solutions and invariant tori generated from a semistable limit cycle in the fast dynamics were discussed.

  7. Clumpy tori around type II active galactic nuclei as revealed by X-ray fluorescent lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jiren; Liu, Yuan; Li, Xiaobo; Xu, Weiwei; Gou, Lijun; Cheng, Cheng

    2016-06-01

    The reflection spectrum of a torus around an active galactic nucleus (AGN) is characterized by X-ray fluorescent lines, which are most prominent for type II AGNs. A clumpy torus allows photons reflected from the back-side of the torus to leak through the front regions that are free of obscuration. The observed X-ray fluorescent lines are therefore sensitive to the clumpiness of the torus. We analysed a sample of type II AGNs observed with the Chandra High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer (HETGS), and measured the fluxes for the Si Kα and Fe Kα lines. The measured Fe Kα/Si Kα ratios, spanning a range between 5 and 60, are far smaller than the ratios predicted from simulations of smooth tori, indicating that the tori of the studied sources have clumpy distributions rather than smooth ones. We compared the measured Fe Kα/Si Kα ratios with simulation results of clumpy tori. The Circinus galaxy has a Fe Kα/Si Kα ratio of ˜60, which is close to the simulation results for N = 5, where N is the average number of clumps along the line of sight. The Fe Kα/Si Kα ratios of the other sources are all below the simulation results for N = 2. Overall, this shows that the non-Fe fluorescent lines in the soft X-ray band are a potentially powerful probe of the clumpiness of tori around AGNs.

  8. Calibration of a diamagnetic diagnostic for stored energy of high-temperature electron annuli in Elmo Bumpy Torus (EBT)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The perpendicular energy component of the stored energy of the electron annuli in ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) can be observed with diamagnetic flux detecting coils. The calibration of the signal from the coils in terms of stored energy requires a model for the geometrical structure of the annulus. Using a model of concentric cylindrical current sheets, the calibration factor for the diamagnetic perpendicular energy signal is derived, including the effects of drift currents and coupling of flux from adjacent annuli. Numerical calculations show the calibration factor to be insensitive to reasonable variations in the model parameters

  9. Bifurcations of families of 1D-tori in 4D symplectic maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onken, Franziska; Lange, Steffen; Ketzmerick, Roland; Bäcker, Arnd

    2016-06-01

    The regular structures of a generic 4d symplectic map with a mixed phase space are organized by one-parameter families of elliptic 1d-tori. Such families show prominent bends, gaps, and new branches. We explain these features in terms of bifurcations of the families when crossing a resonance. For these bifurcations, no external parameter has to be varied. Instead, the longitudinal frequency, which varies along the family, plays the role of the bifurcation parameter. As an example, we study two coupled standard maps by visualizing the elliptic and hyperbolic 1d-tori in a 3d phase-space slice, local 2d projections, and frequency space. The observed bifurcations are consistent with the analytical predictions previously obtained for quasi-periodically forced oscillators. Moreover, the new families emerging from such a bifurcation form the skeleton of the corresponding resonance channel.

  10. Bifurcations of families of 1D-tori in 4D symplectic maps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onken, Franziska; Lange, Steffen; Ketzmerick, Roland; Bäcker, Arnd

    2016-06-01

    The regular structures of a generic 4d symplectic map with a mixed phase space are organized by one-parameter families of elliptic 1d-tori. Such families show prominent bends, gaps, and new branches. We explain these features in terms of bifurcations of the families when crossing a resonance. For these bifurcations, no external parameter has to be varied. Instead, the longitudinal frequency, which varies along the family, plays the role of the bifurcation parameter. As an example, we study two coupled standard maps by visualizing the elliptic and hyperbolic 1d-tori in a 3d phase-space slice, local 2d projections, and frequency space. The observed bifurcations are consistent with the analytical predictions previously obtained for quasi-periodically forced oscillators. Moreover, the new families emerging from such a bifurcation form the skeleton of the corresponding resonance channel.

  11. Conformal chiral boson models on twisted doubled tori and non-geometric string vacua

    CERN Document Server

    Avramis, Spyros D; Prezas, Nikolaos

    2009-01-01

    We derive and analyze the conditions for quantum conformal and Lorentz invariance of the duality symmetric interacting chiral boson sigma-models, which are conjectured to describe non-geometric string theory backgrounds. The one-loop Weyl and Lorentz anomalies are computed for the general case using the background field method. Subsequently, our results are applied to a class of (on-shell) Lorentz invariant chiral boson models which are based on twisted doubled tori. Our findings are in agreement with those expected from the effective supergravity approach, thereby firmly establishing that the chiral boson models under consideration provide the string worldsheet description of N=4 gauged supergravities with electric gaugings. Furthermore, they demonstrate that twisted doubled tori are indeed the doubled internal geometries underlying a large class of non-geometric string compactifications. For compact gaugings the associated chiral boson models are automatically conformal, a fact that is explained by showing ...

  12. The Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants of finite order mapping tori II

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jørgen Ellegaard; Himpel, Benjamin

    2012-01-01

    We identify the leading order term of the asymptotic expansion of the Witten–Reshetikhin–Turaev invariants for finite order mapping tori with classical invariants for all simple and simply-connected compact Lie groups. The square root of the Reidemeister torsion is used as a density on the moduli......, spectral flow and the ρ -invariant. As a result, we show agreement with the semiclassical approximation as predicted by the method of stationary phase....

  13. Charged perfect fluid tori in strong central gravitational and dipolar magnetic fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovář, Jiří; Slaný, Petr; Cremaschini, Claudio; Stuchlík, Zdeněk; Karas, Vladimír; Trova, Audrey

    2016-06-01

    We study electrically charged perfect fluid toroidal structures encircling a spherically symmetric gravitating object with Schwarzschild spacetime geometry and endowed with a dipole magnetic field. The work represents a direct continuation of our previous general-relativistic studies of electrically charged fluid in the approximation of zero conductivity, which formed tori around a Reissner-Nordström black hole or a Schwarzschild black hole equipped with a test electric charge and immersed in an asymptotically uniform magnetic field. After a general introduction of the zero-conductivity charged fluid model, we discuss a variety of possible topologies of the toroidal fluid configurations. Along with the charged equatorial tori forming interesting coupled configurations, we demonstrate the existence of the off-equatorial tori, for which the dipole type of magnetic field seems to be necessary. We focus on orbiting structures with constant specific angular momentum and on those in permanent rigid rotation. We stress that the general analytical treatment developed in our previous works is enriched here by the integrated form of the pressure equations. To put our work into an astrophysical context, we identify the central object with an idealization of a nonrotating magnetic neutron star. Constraining ranges of its parameters and also parameters of the circling fluid, we discuss a possible relevance of the studied toroidal structures, presenting along with their topology also pressure, density, temperature and charge profiles.

  14. The Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants of finite order mapping tori I

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard Andersen, Jørgen

    We formulate the Asymptotic Expansion Conjecture for the Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev quantum invariants of closed oriented three manifolds. For finite order mapping tori, we study these quantum invariants via the geometric gauge theory approach to the corresponding quantum representations and prove......, using a version of the Lefschetz-Riemann-Roch Theorem due to Baum, Fulton, MacPherson and Quart, that the quantum invariants can be expressed as a sum over the components of the moduli space of flat connections on the mapping torus. Moreover, we show that the term corresponding to a component...

  15. Lower dimensional invariant tori with prescribed frequency for nonlinear wave equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, Jiansheng; Ren, Xiufang

    In this paper, one-dimensional (1D) nonlinear wave equation u-u+mu+u=0, subject to Dirichlet boundary conditions is considered. We show that for each given m>0, and each prescribed integer b>1, the above equation admits a Whitney smooth family of small-amplitude quasi-periodic solutions with b-dimensional Diophantine frequencies, which correspond to b-dimensional invariant tori of an associated infinite-dimensional dynamical system. In particular, these Diophantine frequencies are the small dilation of a prescribed Diophantine vector. The proof is based on a partial Birkhoff normal form reduction and an improved KAM method.

  16. Tori Amos 《American Doll Posse》闪亮出炉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Karen

    2007-01-01

    最近,Tori Amos的新专辑《American Doll Posse》问世。虽然她去年发行了精选集,但这张专辑是2005年《the Beekeeper》以来的首张录音室作品。专辑发行的同时,Amos将踏上世界巡演的路程,5月28日的巡演第一站设在罗马。

  17. Penicillamine-induced elastosis perforans serpiginosa with abnormal "lumpy-bumpy" elastic fibers in lesional and non-lesional skin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swapna S Khatu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Four types of elastosis perforans serpiginosa (EPS have been described in literature: 1 idiopathic EPS, 2 reactive perforating elastosis associated with connective tissue disorders, 3 in some instances of pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE, disease-specific calcified elastic tissue is extruded, producing a clinical picture indistinguishable from other types, may also be seen in patients undergoing hemodialysis and 4 EPS induced by long-term treatment with D-penicillamine is observed in patients suffering from Wilson′s disease. Long term D-penicillamine therapy causes an alteration in the dermal elastic tissue. D-penicillamine induced EPS has a distinctive histopathologic feature - serrated appearance of elastic fibers due to perpendicular budding from their surface giving a "lumpy-bumpy" look. D-penicillamine induced elastic fiber alteration may not always manifest clinically as EPS. We report a case of D-penicillamine induced widespread alteration in skin elastic tissue with distinct histopathologic features.

  18. Penicillamine-induced elastosis perforans serpiginosa with abnormal "lumpy-bumpy" elastic fibers in lesional and non-lesional skin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khatu, Swapna S; Dhurat, Rachita S; Nayak, Chitra S; Pereira, Rickson R; Kagne, Rucha B

    2011-01-01

    Four types of elastosis perforans serpiginosa (EPS) have been described in literature: 1) idiopathic EPS, 2) reactive perforating elastosis associated with connective tissue disorders, 3) in some instances of pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), disease-specific calcified elastic tissue is extruded, producing a clinical picture indistinguishable from other types, may also be seen in patients undergoing hemodialysis and 4) EPS induced by long-term treatment with D-penicillamine is observed in patients suffering from Wilson's disease. Long term D-penicillamine therapy causes an alteration in the dermal elastic tissue. D-penicillamine induced EPS has a distinctive histopathologic feature - serrated appearance of elastic fibers due to perpendicular budding from their surface giving a "lumpy-bumpy" look. D-penicillamine induced elastic fiber alteration may not always manifest clinically as EPS. We report a case of D-penicillamine induced widespread alteration in skin elastic tissue with distinct histopathologic features.

  19. Preliminary scaling laws for plasma current, ion kinetic temperature, and plasma number density in the NASA Lewis bumpy torus plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, J. R.

    1976-01-01

    Parametric variation of independent variables which may affect the characteristics of bumpy torus plasma have identified those which have a significant effect on the plasma current, ion kinetic temperature, and plasma number density, and those which do not. Empirical power law correlations of the plasma current, and the ion kinetic temperature and number density were obtained as functions of potential applied to the midplane electrode rings, the background neutral gas pressure, and the magnetic field strength. Additional parameters studied included the type of gas, the polarity of the midplane electrode rings, the mode of plasma operation, and the method of measuring the plasma number density. No significant departures from the scaling laws appear to occur at the highest ion kinetic temperatures or number densities obtained to date.

  20. Expression, Purification, Crystallization and Molecular Replacement Studies of TorI, an Inhibition Protein of Tor System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Wei; YUAN Cai; Ansaldi Mireille; Morelli Xavier; Edward J. Meehan; CHEN Li-Qing; HUANG Ming-Dong

    2007-01-01

    TorI, a Tor system inhibitor acting through protein-protein interaction with the TorR response regulator, is an excisionase that interacts with the integrase and DNA during prophage excision. It has been crystallized by the vapor-diffusion method using polyethylene glycol 3350 as a precipitant at pH 8.5. The X-ray diffraction data sets from the TorI crystal was collected at a resolution of 2.1 (A), using a synchrotron source. The crystal belongs to primitive monoclinic lattice with cell parameters of 46.210(A) × 53.992(A) × 73.561(A)

  1. Evaluation of the effectiveness of light streamer tori-lines and characteristics of bait attacks by seabirds in the western North Pacific.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noriyosi Sato

    Full Text Available To improve the effectiveness of tori-lines it is necessary to evaluate the ability of tori-lines to mitigate seabird bycatch and determine what kind of seabird species gather during line settings, attack the bait and are incidentally caught. We conducted two experiments in the western North Pacific and examined the effectiveness for seabird mitigation of light streamer tori-lines which have no long streamers but many light (short streamers and are mainly used in the North Pacific area. Firstly, the effectiveness of two different types of tori-line (light streamer (1 m and long streamer (up to 7 m tori-line and of two different colors (yellow and red of light streamers for seabird bycatch avoidance was evaluated using 567 sets based on data from 20 offshore surface commercial longliners. No significant difference in the bycatch number between the different tori-line types and streamer colors was found. Secondly, we investigated the characteristics of the seabird bycatch in the North Pacific and the effectiveness of three different types of streamers (light, hybrid and modified light types by detailed observations of seabird attacks using a chartered longline vessel. Although the appearance rate of albatrosses and shearwaters were 40.9% and 27.7%, Laysan albatross was the main seabird species that followed the vessel but shearwaters seldom followed the vessel and did not aggregate during line setting. In all attacks on bait observed during line settings, 81% and 7% were by albatrosses and shearwaters, respectively. In the number of primary attacks by Laysan albatrosses which attacked most aggressively of all seabirds, there were no significant differences among the tori-line types. No individuals of shearwater were caught. The results of both experiments indicated that light streamer tori-lines were as effective as tori-lines with long streamers for mitigating seabird bycatch in the North Pacific.

  2. Kinetic theory of equilibrium axisymmetric collisionless plasmas in off-equatorial tori around compact objects

    CERN Document Server

    Cremaschini, Claudio; Slaný, Petr; Stuchlík, Zdeněk; Karas, Vladimír

    2013-01-01

    The possible occurrence of equilibrium off-equatorial tori in the gravitational and electromagnetic fields of astrophysical compact objects has been recently proved based on non-ideal MHD theory. These stationary structures can represent plausible candidates for the modelling of coronal plasmas expected to arise in association with accretion discs. However, accretion disc coronae are formed by a highly diluted environment, and so the fluid description may be inappropriate. The question is posed of whether similar off-equatorial solutions can be determined also in the case of collisionless plasmas for which treatment based on kinetic theory, rather than fluid one, is demanded. In this paper the issue is addressed in the framework of the Vlasov-Maxwell description for non-relativistic multi-species axisymmetric plasmas subject to an external dominant spherical gravitational and dipolar magnetic field. Equilibrium configurations are investigated and explicit solutions for the species kinetic distribution functio...

  3. Simulations of flux variability of oscillating accretion fluid tori around Kerr black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Bakala, Pavel; Šrámková, Eva; Kotrlová, Andrea; Török, Gabriel; Vincent, Frederic H; Abramowicz, Marek A

    2014-01-01

    High frequency quasi-periodic oscillations (HF QPOs) are observed in the X-ray power-density spectra (PDS) of several microquasars and low mass X-ray binaries. Many proposed QPO models are based on oscillations of accretion toroidal fluid structures orbiting in the vicinity of a compact object. We study oscillating accretion tori orbiting in the vicinity of a Kerr black hole. We demonstrate that significant variation of the observed flux can be caused by the combination of radial and vertical oscillation modes of a slender, polytropic, perfect fluid, non-self-graviting torus with constant specific angular momentum. We investigate two combinations of the oscillating modes corresponding to the direct resonance QPO model and the modified relativistic precession QPO model.

  4. NADA: A new code for studying self-gravitating tori around black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Montero, Pedro J; Shibata, Masaru

    2008-01-01

    We present a new two-dimensional numerical code called Nada designed to solve the full Einstein equations coupled to the general relativistic hydrodynamics equations. The code is mainly intended for studies of self-gravitating accretion disks (or tori) around black holes, although it is also suitable for regular spacetimes. Concerning technical aspects the Einstein equations are formulated and solved in the code using a formulation of the standard 3+1 (ADM) system, the so-called BSSN approach. A key feature of the code is that derivative terms in the spacetime evolution equations are computed using a fourth-order centered finite difference approximation in conjunction with the Cartoon method to impose the axisymmetry condition under Cartesian coordinates (the choice in Nada), and the puncture/moving puncture approach to carry out black hole evolutions. Correspondingly, the general relativistic hydrodynamics equations are written in flux-conservative form and solved with high-resolution, shock-capturing scheme...

  5. Stationary Axisymmetric Configuration of the Resistive Thick Accretion Tori around a Schwarzschild Black Hole

    CERN Document Server

    Shaghaghian, M

    2016-01-01

    We examine a thick accretion disc in the presence of external gravity and intrinsic dipolar magnetic field due to a non-rotating central object. In this paper, we generalize the Newtonian theory of stationary axisymmetric resistive tori of Tripathy, Prasanna $\\&$ Das (1990) by including the fully general relativistic features. If we are to obtain the steady state configuration, we have to take into account the finite resistivity for the magnetofluid in order to avoid the piling up of the field lines anywhere in the accretion discs. The efficient value of conductivity must be much smaller than the classical conductivity to be astrophysically interesting. The accreting plasma in the presence of an external dipole magnetic field gives rise to a current in the azimuthal direction. The azimuthal current produced due to the motion of the magnetofluid modifies the magnetic field structure inside the disc and generates a poloidal magnetic field for the disc. The solutions we have found show that the radial inflow...

  6. A KAM theorem without action-angle variables for elliptic lower dimensional tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study elliptic lower dimensional invariant tori of Hamiltonian systems via parametrizations. The method is based on solving iteratively the functional equations that stand for invariance and reducibility. In contrast with classical methods, we do not assume that the system is close to an integrable one nor that it is written in action-angle variables. We only require an approximation of an invariant torus with a fixed vector of basic frequencies and a basis along the torus that approximately reduces the normal variational equations to constant coefficients. We want to highlight that this approach presents many advantages compared with methods which are built in terms of canonical transformations, e.g., it produces simpler and more constructive proofs that lead to more efficient numerical algorithms for the computation of these objects. Such numerical algorithms are suitable to be adapted in order to perform computer assisted proofs

  7. Toroidal orbifolds of Z3 and Z6 symmetries of noncommutative tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Sam

    2015-05-01

    The Hexic transform ρ of the noncommutative 2-torus Aθ is the canonical order 6 automorphism defined by ρ (U) = V, ρ (V) =e-πiθU-1 V, where U, V are the canonical unitary generators obeying the unitary Heisenberg commutation relation VU =e2πiθ UV . The Cubic transform is κ =ρ2. These are canonical analogues of the noncommutative Fourier transform, and their associated fixed point C*-algebras Aθρ, Aθκ are noncommutative Z6, Z3 toroidal orbifolds, respectively. For a large class of irrationals θ and rational approximations p / q of θ, a projection e of trace q2 θ - pq is constructed in Aθ that is invariant under the Hexic transform. Further, this projection is shown to be a matrix projection in the sense that it is approximately central, the cut down algebra eAθ e contains a Hexic invariant q × q matrix algebra M whose unit is e and such that the cut downs eUe, eVe are approximately inside M. It is also shown that these invariant matrix projections are covariant in that they arise from a continuous section E (t) of C∞-projections of the continuous field {At } 0 < t < 1 of noncommutative tori C*-algebras such that ρ (E (t)) = E (t). It turns out that the projection E (t) is the support projection of a canonical C∞-positive element that has the appearance of a noncommutative 2-dimensional Theta function. The topological invariants (or 'quantum' numbers) of E (t), e, and related projections are computed by a new and quicker method than in previous works. (They would also give topological invariants for finitely generated projective modules over noncommutative orbifolds associated to Z6 and Z3 symmetries of noncommutative tori.) We remark that these results have some bearing on research work related to noncommutative orbifolds used in string theory.

  8. Neoclassical plasma viscosity and transport processes in non-axisymmetric tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaing, K. C.; Ida, K.; Sabbagh, S. A.

    2015-11-01

    Neoclassical transport processes are important to the understanding of plasma confinement physics in doubly periodic magnetized toroidal plasmas, especially, after the impact of the momentum confinement on the particle and energy confinement is recognized. Real doubly periodic tori in general are non-axisymmetric, with symmetric tori as a special case. An eight-moment approach to transport theory with plasma density N, plasma pressure p, mass flow velocity V and heat flow q as independent variables is adopted. Transport processes are dictated by the solutions of the momentum and heat flux balance equations. For toroidal plasma confinement devices, the first order (in the gyro-radius ordering) plasma flows are on the magnetic surface to guarantee good plasma confinement and are thus two-dimensional. Two linearly independent components of the momentum equation are required to determine the flows completely. Once this two-dimensional flow is relaxed, i.e. the momentum equation reaches a steady state, plasmas become ambipolar, and all the transport fluxes are determined through the flux-force relation. The flux-force relation is derived both from the kinetic definitions for the transport fluxes and from the manipulation of the momentum and heat flux balance equations to illustrate the nature of the transport fluxes by examining their corresponding driven forces and their roles in the momentum and heat flux balance equations. Steady-state plasma flows are determined by the components of the stress and heat stress tensors in the momentum and heat flux balance equations. This approach emphasizes the pivotal role of the momentum equation in the transport processes and is particularly useful in modelling plasma flows in experiments. The methodology for neoclassical transport theory is applied to fluctuation-driven transport fluxes in the quasilinear theory to unify these two theories. Experimental observations in tokamaks and stellarators for the physics discussed are

  9. Power balance in ELMO Bumpy Torus: bulk electrons and ions in a 37 kW discharge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McNeill, D.H.

    1985-10-01

    The power balance of the bulk electrons and ions in discharges with 37 kW of applied microwave power in the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) is examined in a zero-dimensional model using data on the intensity and linewidth of the molecular and atomic hydrogen emission. At least 60% of the applied power is ultimately dissipated by processes involving the neutral particles, including dissociation of molecules, ionization of and radiation from atoms, and heating of cold electrons produced during atomic ionization. The molecular influx rate and the density of atoms are used independently to determine the bulk electron particle confinement time, and an upper bound estimate is made of the diffusional power loss from the bulk plasma electrons. Parameters derived from the basic spectroscopic data presented in this paper include the neutral atom density 2 - 5x10/sup 10/ cm/sup -3/, incident molecular flux 3 - 5x10/sup 15/ cm/sup -2/s/sup -1/, bulk ion temperature approx. =3 eV, and particle confinement time <1.1 ms. The bulk electron energy confinement time is 0.7 ms or less in the standard operating regime. Published data on the nonthermal electron and ion populations in the plasma are used to evaluate approximately the overall energy flow in the discharge. 54 refs.

  10. Power balance in ELMO Bumpy Torus: bulk electrons and ions in a 37 kW discharge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The power balance of the bulk electrons and ions in discharges with 37 kW of applied microwave power in the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) is examined in a zero-dimensional model using data on the intensity and linewidth of the molecular and atomic hydrogen emission. At least 60% of the applied power is ultimately dissipated by processes involving the neutral particles, including dissociation of molecules, ionization of and radiation from atoms, and heating of cold electrons produced during atomic ionization. The molecular influx rate and the density of atoms are used independently to determine the bulk electron particle confinement time, and an upper bound estimate is made of the diffusional power loss from the bulk plasma electrons. Parameters derived from the basic spectroscopic data presented in this paper include the neutral atom density 2 - 5x1010 cm-3, incident molecular flux 3 - 5x1015 cm-2s-1, bulk ion temperature approx. =3 eV, and particle confinement time <1.1 ms. The bulk electron energy confinement time is 0.7 ms or less in the standard operating regime. Published data on the nonthermal electron and ion populations in the plasma are used to evaluate approximately the overall energy flow in the discharge. 54 refs

  11. DEZVOLTAREA PARTENERIATELOR DE SOLIDARITATE ASAT ÎN SPRIJINUL MICILOR PRODUCĂTORI LOCALI: MIZE ŞI PREMIZE

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaela Veţan; Sergiu Florean

    2012-01-01

    Parteneriatele de solidaritate ASAT sunt dezvoltate în România începând cu anul 2008, în vederea susţinerii micilor producători agricoli care cultivă natural. Dezvoltarea acestora este susţinută la nivel naţional de Asociaţia Centrul de Resurse pentru Iniţiative Eticeși Solidare (CRIES). Mecanismul este unul bazat pe construirea unui relaţii de încredere între producători locali şi consumatori urbani. Astfel,se formează la nivel comunitar grupuri de consumatori care doresc să achiziţioneze pr...

  12. "Don't you realize it's Just Her Disguise?" : Performances of femininity by Kim Gordon, Tori Amos and Gillian Welch

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Women who perform popular music are also performing gender. This is both because gender can be understood as performance and because musical conventions and styles carry with them assumptions about femininity and masculinity. This thesis concerns three female popular music artists; Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth, Tori Amos and Gillian Welch, and their performances of femininity. As these artists have been presented as or have presented themselves as in some way "authentic", my readings of these ar...

  13. Reverberation Mapping of the size of the Dusty Tori in Active Galactic Nuclei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Axon, David; Batcheldor, Daniel; Buchanan, Catherine; Capetti, Alessandro; Elitzur, Moshe; Gallimore, Jack; Geballe, Thomas; Horne, Keith; Kishimoto, Makoto; Marconi, Alessandro; Mason, Rachel; Maiolino, Roberto; Netzer, Hagai; Packham, Christopher; Perez, Enrique; Peterson, Brad; Tadhunter, Clive; Richmond, Michael; Robinson, Andrew; Stirpe, Giovanna; Storchi-Bergmann, Thaisa

    2011-05-01

    Despite its central role in AGN unification models and its importance for studies of supermassive black hole demographics, our current understanding of the size and structure of AGN tori is weak. We propose to use the unique opportunity provided by the warm phase of Spitzer to determine the sizes of circum-nuclear dust tori in AGN. To accomplish this we will carry out a monitoring campaign, coordinated with ground-based observations, to measure the 'light echo' as the dust emission responds to variations in the AGN optical/UV continuum. We have selected a sample of 12 bright type 1 nuclei in close proximity to the Spitzer Continuous Viewing Zone which can be observed repeatedly with visibility windows for at least 70% of the ~400 day cycle and generally > 90% (10 objects )of the ~400 day cycle. We will observe each AGN with 3 day sampling on Spitzer for the whole of Cycle 8. We have in place a plan for a supporting ground based monitoring program using a variety of conventional and robotic telescopes, which will allow ?world-wide? coverage, to determine the AGN light-curves in the B band. These observations will more than double the number of AGN with simultaneous optical and NIR time-series data, providing well-sampled, high signal-to-noise light curves of both S1 and NLS1. Such high fidelity, continuously sampled lR light curves covering hundreds of days cannot be obtained from the ground, and are needed because the expected reverberation time scales are many tens of days (30-150). We will apply well developed techniques to determine the reverberation lag and therefore obtain the characteristic size of the torus in this sample which has diverse properties and samples a range of black hole mass and Eddington ratio. Our team contains many leading experts in reverberation mapping of AGN and in the observational study and theoretical modeling of the physics of the dusty torus. We are requesting a total of 196 hrs in the cycle to perform our observations.

  14. Electrically Charged Matter in Permanent Rotation around Magnetized Black Holes: A Toy Model for Self-gravitating Fluid Tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trova, A.; Karas, V.; Slaný, P.; Kovář, J.

    2016-09-01

    We present an analytical approach for the equilibrium of a self-gravitating charged fluid embedded in a spherical gravitational and dipolar magnetic fields produced by a central mass. Our scheme is proposed, as a toy model, in the context of gaseous/dusty tori surrounding supermassive black holes in galactic nuclei. While the central black hole dominates the gravitational field and remains electrically neutral, the surrounding material has a non-negligible self-gravitational effect on the torus structure. By charging mechanisms it also acquires non-zero electric charge density, so the two influences need to be taken into account to achieve a self-consistent picture. Using our approach we discuss the impact of self-gravity, represented by the term {d}{{t}} (ratio of the torus total mass to the mass of the central body), on the conditions for existence of the equilibrium and the morphology and typology of the tori. By comparison with a previous work without self-gravity, we show that the conditions can be different. Although the main aim of the present paper is to discuss a framework for the classification of electrically charged, magnetized, self-gravitating tori, we also mention potential astrophysical applications to vertically stratified fluid configurations.

  15. Development of Instruments onboard ASTRO-H for Future X-ray Studies of Tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noda, H.

    2015-09-01

    The next astronomical X-ray satellite ASTRO-H will be launched by Japan Aerospace eXploration Agency (JAXA) in this Japanese fiscal year. It allows us to combine a simultaneous coverage of the 0.4-600 keV band, and a high energy-resolution spectroscopy in the 0.3-12 keV band with an FWHM energy resolution of coating hard X-ray mirrors, and a non-focusing soft gamma-ray detector covers the 40-600 keV band. The high energy-resolution spectroscopy is realized by the X-ray micro-calorimeter array operated at 50 mK on a focal plane of the soft X-ray telescope. With the unprecedented performances, the ASTRO-H observations of active galactic nuclei are expected to give us important X-ray information about tori including their dynamics, size, ionization state and so on. In the present talk, we introduce the current status of developments of the instruments onboard ASTRO-H, especially focusing on the performance of the X-ray micro-calorimeter derived in the ongoing ground testing and calibration.

  16. Lie tori of type B_2 and graded-simple Jordan structures covered by a triangle

    CERN Document Server

    Neher, Erhard

    2011-01-01

    We classify two classes of B_2-graded Lie algebras which have a second compatible grading by an abelian group A: (a) graded-simple Lie algebras for A torsion-free and (b) division-A-graded Lie algebras. Our results describe the centreless cores of a class of affine reflection Lie algebras, hence apply in particular to the centreless cores of extended affine Lie algebras, the so-called Lie tori, for which we recover results of Allison-Gao and Faulkner. Our classification (b) extends a recent result of Benkart-Yoshii. Both classifications are consequences of a new description of Jordan algebras covered by a triangle, which correspond to these Lie algebras via the Tits-Kantor-Koecher construction. The Jordan algebra classifications follow from our results on graded-triangulated Jordan triple systems. They generalize work of McCrimmon and the first author as well as the Osborn-McCrimmon-Capacity-2-Theorem in the ungraded case.

  17. Kardiostimulátory a zdroje rušení

    OpenAIRE

    Lojková, Lea

    2009-01-01

    Tématem této semestrální práce jsou kardiostimulátory a zdroje rušení. Projekt částečně navazuje na starší diplomovou práci na dané téma (Ing. Kulík, Ústav automatizace a měřicí techniky FEKT, VUT Brno) a z hlediska metodiky měření rozvíjí dané téma podobným směrem. Teoretická část práce stručně vysvětluje principy nukleární magnetické rezonance a magnetické tomografie, popisuje nejběžnější metody používané při magnetické tomografii, definuje kardiostimulátor, uvádí hlavní milníky v jeho vývo...

  18. Toris K Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lens for the Optical Management of Keratoconus

    OpenAIRE

    1, Leyla YAVUZ; 2, İhsan YILMAZ; 1, Özlen Rodop ÖZGÜR; 1, Baran KANDEMİR; 1, Ümit CALLI; 1, Cemalettin CABI

    2013-01-01

    Amaç: Keratokonus hastalarının görsel rehabilitasyonunda Toris K silikon hidrojel lensinin etkinliğini değerlendirmek. Materyal ve Metot: Retrospektif çalışmaya 58 hastanın 100 gözü dahil edildi. Hastaların ortalama yaşı 27,04± 9,5 yaş idi ve 15 göz grade 1, 28 göz grade 2, 13 göz grade 3, 44 göz grade 4 keratokonus idi. Düzeltilmemiş en iyi görme keskinliği, gözlükle düzeltilmiş en iyi görme keskinliği, korneal topografik ölçümler ve pakimetrik değerler kayıt edildi. Ortalama korneal kırıcı...

  19. Mesh theory of angle modified dual tori double-enveloping toroidal worm drive

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, the meshing theory of the angle modified hourglass worm drive is enriched and developed. The ordinary condition of the angle modification is derived and the physical significance of the modification is interpreted. A normal section methodology is proposed for meshing analysis, which can be used to compute the normal distance near a singular meshing point of a conjugate surface couple. By means of the method and after analyzing the normal transversals, it is specified that the worm helicoid, the nominal former contact zone and the new contact zone intersect each other along the locus of singular points of the instantaneous contact lines of an angle-modified worm pair. As a result, it is explained clearly that those three osculate each other but the osculations are different in degree. Moreover, the mechanism of removing the twice-contacted zone from the worm gear tooth surface is clarified and the reason of shortening the worm working length is also elucidated. With the help of the theory described in the present paper and the thorough and systematic research on the relevant meshing characteristics, the angle modified dual tori double-enveloping toroidal worm drive has been shown to be an excellent new-fashioned hourglass worm set.

  20. Twisted Six Dimensional Gauge Theories on Tori, Matrix Models,and Integrable Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Ganguli, S N; Gill, J A; Ganguli, Surya; Ganor, Ori J.; Gill, James A.

    2004-01-01

    We use the Dijkgraaf-Vafa technique to study massive vacua of 6D SU(N) SYM theories on tori with R-symmetry twists. One finds a matrix model living on the compactification torus with a genus-2 spectral curve whose Jacobian is closely related to a twisted four torus T in which the Seiberg-Witten curves of the theory are embedded. We also analyze R-symmetry twists in a bundle with nontrivial first Chern class which yields intrinsically 6D SUSY breaking and a novel matrix integral in which eigenvalues float in a sea of background charge. Next we analyze the underlying integrable system of the theory, whose phase space we show to be a system of N-1 points on T. We write down an explicit set of Poisson commuting Hamiltonians for this system for arbitrary N and use them to prove that equilbrium configurations with respect to all Hamiltonians correspond to points in moduli space where the Seiberg-Witten curve maximally degenerates to genus 2, thereby recovering the matrix model spectral curve. We also write down a c...

  1. Radiation-driven Outflows from and Radiative Support in Dusty Tori of Active Galactic Nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Chi-Ho; Krolik, Julian H.

    2016-07-01

    Substantial evidence points to dusty, geometrically thick tori obscuring the central engines of active galactic nuclei (AGNs), but so far no mechanism satisfactorily explains why cool dust in the torus remains in a puffy geometry. Near-Eddington infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) luminosities coupled with high dust opacities at these frequencies suggest that radiation pressure on dust can play a significant role in shaping the torus. To explore the possible effects of radiation pressure, we perform three-dimensional radiative hydrodynamics simulations of an initially smooth torus. Our code solves the hydrodynamics equations, the time-dependent multi–angle group IR radiative transfer (RT) equation, and the time-independent UV RT equation. We find a highly dynamic situation. IR radiation is anisotropic, leaving primarily through the central hole. The torus inner surface exhibits a break in axisymmetry under the influence of radiation and differential rotation; clumping follows. In addition, UV radiation pressure on dust launches a strong wind along the inner surface; when scaled to realistic AGN parameters, this outflow travels at ˜ 5000 {(M/{10}7{M}ȯ )}1/4 {[{L}{UV}/(0.1{L}{{E}})]}1/4 {km} {{{s}}}-1 and carries ˜ 0.1 {(M/{10}7{M}ȯ )}3/4 {[{L}{UV}/(0.1{L}{{E}})]}3/4 M ⊙ yr‑1, where M, {L}{UV}, and {L}{{E}} are the mass, UV luminosity, and Eddington luminosity of the central object respectively.

  2. Research support for plasma diagnostics on Elmo Bumpy Torus. Observations of EBT ring geometry by means of diamagnetic field measurements using a compensated ferromagnetic resonance magnetometer, and a preliminary numerical study of EBT flux penetration dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A preliminary numerical study of flux penetration dynamics has been made assuming a bumpy cylinder geometry for the EBT vacuum vessel. Estimates made by this study show that the diamagnetic signal from the rings should penetrate the vacuum vessel in a time on the order of 100 mS when the plasma is changed. This penetration time appears qualitatively reasonable

  3. Nada: A new code for studying self-gravitating tori around black holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montero, Pedro J.; Font, José A.; Shibata, Masaru

    2008-09-01

    We present a new two-dimensional numerical code called Nada designed to solve the full Einstein equations coupled to the general relativistic hydrodynamics equations. The code is mainly intended for studies of self-gravitating accretion disks (or tori) around black holes, although it is also suitable for regular spacetimes. Concerning technical aspects the Einstein equations are formulated and solved in the code using a formulation of the standard 3+1 Arnowitt-Deser-Misner canonical formalism system, the so-called Baumgarte-Shapiro Shibata-Nakamura approach. A key feature of the code is that derivative terms in the spacetime evolution equations are computed using a fourth-order centered finite difference approximation in conjunction with the Cartoon method to impose the axisymmetry condition under Cartesian coordinates (the choice in Nada), and the puncture/moving puncture approach to carry out black hole evolutions. Correspondingly, the general relativistic hydrodynamics equations are written in flux-conservative form and solved with high-resolution, shock-capturing schemes. We perform and discuss a number of tests to assess the accuracy and expected convergence of the code, namely, (single) black hole evolutions, shock tubes, and evolutions of both spherical and rotating relativistic stars in equilibrium, the gravitational collapse of a spherical relativistic star leading to the formation of a black hole. In addition, paving the way for specific applications of the code, we also present results from fully general relativistic numerical simulations of a system formed by a black hole surrounded by a self-gravitating torus in equilibrium.

  4. DEZVOLTAREA PARTENERIATELOR DE SOLIDARITATE ASAT ÎN SPRIJINUL MICILOR PRODUCĂTORI LOCALI: MIZE ŞI PREMIZE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Veţan

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Parteneriatele de solidaritate ASAT sunt dezvoltate în România începând cu anul 2008, în vederea susţinerii micilor producători agricoli care cultivă natural. Dezvoltarea acestora este susţinută la nivel naţional de Asociaţia Centrul de Resurse pentru Iniţiative Eticeși Solidare (CRIES. Mecanismul este unul bazat pe construirea unui relaţii de încredere între producători locali şi consumatori urbani. Astfel,se formează la nivel comunitar grupuri de consumatori care doresc să achiziţioneze produse realizate de mici agricultori, cu care încheie un contract pe perioada unui sezon agricol și cărora le plătesc un avans, în vederea susţinerii costurilor de producţie.

  5. Three-dimensional radiative transfer modeling of AGN dusty tori as a clumpy two-phase medium

    CERN Document Server

    Stalevski, Marko; Baes, Maarten; Nakos, Theodoros; Popovic, Luka C

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the emission of active galactic nuclei (AGN) dusty tori in the infrared domain. Following theoretical predictions coming from hydrodynamical simulations, we model the dusty torus as a 3D two-phase medium with high-density clumps and low-density medium filling the space between the clumps. Spectral energy distributions (SED) and images of the torus at different wavelengths are obtained using 3D Monte Carlo radiative transfer code SKIRT. Our approach of generating clumpy structure allows us to model tori with single clumps, complex structures of merged clumps or interconnected sponge-like structure. A corresponding set of clumps-only models and models with smooth dust distribution is calculated for comparison. We found that dust distribution, optical depth, clump size and their actual arrangement in the innermost region, all have an impact on the shape of near- and mid-infrared SED. The 10 micron silicate feature can be suppressed for some parameters, but models with smooth dust distribution are ...

  6. Electrically charged matter in permanent rotation around magnetized black hole: A toy model for self-gravitating fluid tori

    CERN Document Server

    Trova, A; Slany, P; Kovar, J

    2016-01-01

    We present an analytical approach for the equilibrium of a self-gravitating charged fluid embedded in a spherical gravitational and dipolar magnetic fields produced by a central mass. Our scheme is proposed, as a toy-model, in the context of gaseous/dusty tori surrounding supermassive black holes in galactic nuclei. While the central black hole dominates the gravitational field and it remains electrically neutral, the surrounding material has a non-negligible self-gravitational effect on the torus structure. By charging mechanisms it also acquires non-zero electric charge density, so the two influences need to be taken into account to achieve a self-consistent picture. With our approach we discuss the impact of self-gravity, represented by the term dt (ratio of the torus total mass to the mass of the central body), on the conditions for existence of the equilibrium and the morphology and typology of the tori. By comparison with a previous work without self-gravity, we show that the conditions can be different...

  7. Superfield description of (4+2n-dimensional SYM theories and their mixtures on magnetized tori

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroyuki Abe

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available We provide a systematic way of dimensional reduction for (4+2n-dimensional U(N supersymmetric Yang–Mills (SYM theories (n=0,1,2,3 and their mixtures compactified on two-dimensional tori with background magnetic fluxes, which preserve a partial N=1 supersymmetry out of full N=2,3 or 4 in the original SYM theories. It is formulated in an N=1 superspace respecting the unbroken supersymmetry, and the four-dimensional effective action is written in terms of superfields representing N=1 vector and chiral multiplets, those arise from the higher-dimensional SYM theories. We also identify the dilaton and geometric moduli dependence of matter Kähler metrics and superpotential couplings as well as of gauge kinetic functions in the effective action. The results would be useful for various phenomenological/cosmological model buildings with SYM theories or D-branes wrapping magnetized tori, especially, with mixture configurations of them with different dimensionalities from each other.

  8. Reflection symmetry effects in the perturbation series of an action integral for the field line displacement in an ELMO Bumpy Torus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deviations from this ideal geometry and less-than-perfect alignment of the field coils in an ELMO Bumpy Torus generate perturbations to the ideal magnetic field configuration, resulting generally in failure of the field lines to close on themselves and thereby causing degradation in plasma confinement. The sensitivity of the field line displacement to certain types of errors in coil parameters is studied by means of a perturbation formalism developed for an action integral representing the longitudinal adiabatic invariant. Reflection symmetry properties satisfied by the magnetic field and the vector potential are derived, and it is demonstrated both analytically and numerically that the leading term of the field line displacement per period of 2π around the major axis is second order in the perturbation parameter if the coil planes remain invariant under the perturbation. Numerical analyses for the field line displacement also reveal some more useful properties for the first- and second-order terms in the perturbation series

  9. A Bumpy Recovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The world economy crawls ahead amid risk and uncertainty The world economic situation has been extremely complicated in 2010. This year saw fluctuating market confidence,changing commodity prices, imbalanced economic recovery, diverse economic policies, lingering trade protectionism, and fierce currency battles.

  10. A Bumpy Recovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN FENGYING

    2010-01-01

    @@ The world economic situation has been extremely complicated in 2010. This year saw fluctuating market confidence,changing commodity prices, imbalanced economic recovery, diverse economic policies, lingering trade protectionism, and fierce currency battles.

  11. Semiclassical quantization via adiabatic switching. I. Choice of tori and initial conditions for two-dimensional systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zakrzewski, J.; Saini, S.; Taylor, H.S.

    1988-10-15

    A general theoretical base and a general strategy for implementing semiclassical quantization using the adiabatic-switching method are presented for two-dimensional systems. The method proposed does not depend on specialized coordinates, trajectory, or surfaces-of-section studies and is generalizable to multidimensional systems. The choice of the initial tori for the switching procedure is accomplished by simple diagonalizations of small-dimensional matrix representations of invariant operators obtained from perturbation theory. The method gives quantum energies at a useful level of accuracy for the vast majority of states in many of the well-known nonresonant and resonant Hamiltonian cases. Many eigenvalues previously thought unobtainable when the adiabatic-switching method is used are obtained in a quite simple manner.

  12. X-ray bumps, iron K-alpha lines, and X-ray suppression by obscuring tori in Seyfert galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krolik, Julian H.; Madau, Piero; Zycki, Piotr T.

    1994-01-01

    We investigate the X-ray spectral properties of unobscured type 1 and obscured type 2 Seyferts as predicted by the unified Seyfert scheme. We consider the reprocessing of X-ray photons by photoelectric absorption, iron fluorescence, and Compton downscattering in the obscuring tori surrounding these active nuclei, and compute by Monte Carlo methods the reprocessed spectra as a function of the viewing angle. Depending on the optical depth and shape of the torus, and on the viewing angle, the X-ray flux can be suppressed by substantial factors when our line of sight is obscured. We show that an immediate consequence of the existence of an obscuring thick torus is the production in the spectra of type 1 Seyfert galaxies of a bump in the continuum above 10-20 keV and an Fe K-alpha line with significant equivalent width. In those type 2 Seyferts for which the hard X-ray spectrum has been substantially suppressed, the equivalent width of the Fe K-alpha line in the transmitted spectrum can be very large.

  13. Research support for plasma diagnostics on Elmo Bumpy Torus - development of a multichannel Hall-probe based diamagnetic diagnostic instrument and observation and modeling of EBT electron rings. Final report, October 1, 1982-September 30, 1983

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Use of multiple Hall effect probes is a cost effective way to observe diamagnetic fields from the hot electron rings in the Elmo Bumpy Torus device at several locations simultaneously. A special diagnostic instrument has been developed having six Hall probe channels with the sensitivity and stability needed for the diamagnetic measurements. The instrument uses an AC carrier system with isolation transformers located remotely from the instrument and near the probe locations. Details of instrument design as well as operating instructions for it are included in this report

  14. Configuration spaces of tori

    OpenAIRE

    Feler, Yoel

    2006-01-01

    The configuration space C^n of unordered n-tuples of distinct points on a torus T^2 is a non-singular complex algebraic variety. We study holomorphic self-maps of C^n and prove that for n>4 any such map F either carries the whole of C^n into an orbit of the diagonal Aut(T^2) action in C^n or is of the form F(x)=T(x)x for some holomorphic map T:C^n-->Aut(T^2). We also prove that for n>4 any endomorphism of the torus braid group B_n(T^2) with a non-abelian image preserves the pure torus braid g...

  15. GENERALIZED SIMPLE NONCOMMUTATIVE TORI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The generalized noncommutative torus Tkp of rank n was defined in [4] by the crossed product noncommutative torus Ap of rank n. It is shown in this paper that Tkp is strongly Morita equivalent to Ap, and that Tkp Mp∞ is isomorphic to Ap Mk(C) Mp∞ if and only if the set of prime factors of k is a subset of the set of prime factors of p.

  16. 橡木贴面实木复合地板凹凸表面热压工艺研究%Study on Hot-pressing Process for the Bumpy Surface of Engineered Flooring Overlaid with Oak Veneer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方萍; 李黎

    2015-01-01

    三聚氰胺浸渍橡木薄单板贴面实木复合地板是参考三聚氰胺浸渍纸贴面生产工艺生产出的表面凹凸实木复合地板。使用三聚氰胺胶黏剂、固化剂、渗透剂、脱膜剂(配比为500:1:1:1)混合液浸渍橡木薄单板,然后在真空度为0.08 MPa时保压浸渍5 min,在大气条件下放置30 min,取出后再放入90℃鼓风干燥箱中干燥10 min。浸渍完成的橡木薄单板与基材经热压成型为表面凹凸的实木复合地板。考虑热压温度、热压压力、热压时间对其凹凸表面成型的影响,每个因素取4个水平,制定因素水平表,选择正交表进行试验。对试验结果进行浸渍剥离及表面纹理深度的测量分析,得到最优的热压工艺条件为温度150℃、压力1.2 MPa、时间70 s。三聚氰胺浸渍的橡木贴面复合地板表面纹理、色泽、手感都更加接近自然。%Reference the producing technology of laminate floor,the hot-pressing of engineered floor which has bumpy sur-face overlaying with melamine formaldehyde resin(MF)impregnated oak veneer was studied. The oak veneer is dipped in the mixed liquor which has melamine formaldehyde resin,curing agent,penetrating agent,release agent(ratio of 500:1:1:1). After dipping 5 min when the vacuum degree is 0.08 MPa,it keeps 30 min in room conditions. Then dry 10 min in drying oven with temperature is 90 ℃.The impregnated oak veneer and ply wood as based of engineered flooring are put into the hot press under the different temperature,pressure and time to process shaping of its bumpy surface. The four levels of each fac-tor of hot- press is selected to investigate the effect on shaping of its bumpy surface in the experiment. Measured its dipping detachment and surface bumpy depth,the results shown that the optimum hot-pressing process conditions is temperature 150 ℃, the pressure 1.2 MPa,and time 70 s.

  17. Poloidal potential in the low-collisionality regime in a nonaxisymmetric torus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The poloidal potential is calculated numerically in the low-collisionality regime for nonaxisymmetric tori such as stellarators and bumpy tori. It is found that even fairly deep into the superbanana regime, the poloidal potential retains the simple azimuthal dependence of the plateau regime. 12 refs., 8 figs

  18. Towards a fully stringy computation of Yukawa couplings on non factorized tori and non abelian twist correlators (I): the classical solution and action

    CERN Document Server

    Pesando, Igor

    2015-01-01

    We consider the simplest possible setting of non abelian twist fields which corresponds to $SU(2)$ monodromies. We first review the theory of hypergeometric function and of the solutions of the most general Fuchsian second order equation with three singularities. Then we solve the problem of writing the general solution with prescribed $U(2)$ monodromies. We use this result to compute the classical string solution corresponding to three $D2$ branes in $R^4$. Despite the fact the configuration is supersymmetric the classical string solution is not holomorphic. Using the equation of motion and not the KLT approach we give a very simple expression for the classical action of the string. We find that the classical action is not proportional to the area of the triangle determined by the branes intersection points since the solution is not holomorphic. Phenomenologically this means that the Yukawa couplings for these supersymmetric configurations on non factorized tori are suppressed with respect to the factorized ...

  19. Rahvapärane viiulimäng 20.sajandi esimesel poolel Tori ja Vändra viiuldajate näitel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krista Sildoja

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The article gives an overview of the most well-known village fiddlers in Tori and Vändra parish, their repertoire, playing style and status as dance music players in the first half of the 20th century. This is one of the first efforts to try and describe Estonian traditional instrumental music from the inside so to say. First, the author learned to play the Estonian type of waltzes and polkas gathered from the local village musicians in her neighbourhood and used traditional method of learning by ear. Contact with the old fiddlers has been created artificially using the help of archive recordings datingback to the years 1936 and 1937. Following the personal experience of playing old fiddle tunes the author started transcribing and examining the tunes systematically.At that time both solo and duo performances were recorded from Tori and Vändra fiddlers. Those recordings compile the research material for the present article and on the basis of the recordings it is possible to describe how the fiddlers played back then. Transcriptions give an insight to the approach to form of the music and playing technique used in the fiddle tunes. Briefly, the body of those characteristics can be called the manner of playing the description of which introduces the musical thinking of village fiddlers and the overall characteristics of the performed music.What can be said to describe the traditional manner of playing based on the example of Tori and Vändra parish fiddlers? The districts of Tori and Vändra in the first half of the 20th century can be characterised by playing in fiddle duos. Compared to what was going on in Estonia of that time generally, it is not unique, because there were alsofiddle duos elsewhere. What is special about Tori and Vändra duos is how they wereplayed in. When playing in duos fiddlers used two different ways of playing. The first ofthem, one of the most characterising ones, is imitating bagpipe with fiddle, which wasonly used by

  20. 钢丝缠绕重型模锻液压机坎合结构的疲劳和寿命预测%Fatigue Life Prediction of the Bumpy Ridge Joining of the Heavy Die Forging Press with Steel Wire Wound

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何文斌; 曾攀; 林峰; 颜永年; 张磊

    2015-01-01

    The bumpy ridge joining is the key technology of the heavy die forging press with steel wire wound. The shear resistance and the fatigue resistance of the bumpy ridge palr are vital to the integrity of the frame during service. The use of the technology is limited due to the deficient research on the principle of the bumpy ridge joining and the fatigue resistance of the structure. A set of clamp was developed to test the structural fatigue of the bumpy ridge joining, by which groups of fatigue tests of constant amplitude cycle tangential loading were performed.The cycle characteristic of the load-displacement of the bumpy ridge joining under the cycling tangential load is studied and the exponential model of the structural fatigue is established, the dimensionless fatigue load limit tmax*F is 0.74 when the load ratio R is 0.1. The relation between dimensionless amplitude value and mean value of the tangential load ( a mF*-F*) is studied to get the fatigue constant life curve, as well as a criterion of bumpy ridge structural damage accumulation is established based on Miner's theory. The safety evaluation and fatigue life prediction are implemented for the bumpy ridge structures of the heavy die forging press with steel wire wound.%剖分坎合是钢丝缠绕液压机的关键技术,坎合副的抗剪性及其抗疲劳性对模锻液压机使役期间保持机架完整性至关重要。坎合原理及抗疲劳性方面研究工作的不足限制了该技术的推广和应用。设计坎合疲劳试验夹具,对液压机本体小试样坎合结构进行切向等幅循环载荷疲劳试验。分析坎合结构切向循环载荷条件下三个阶段的载荷-位移循环特性;建立坎合结构疲劳指数模型,当载荷比R=0.1时,坎合结构疲劳量纲一载荷极限为Ft*max=0.74;研究量纲一切向载荷幅值与均值 a mF*-F*关系,得到坎合结构疲劳等寿命曲线;提出基于Miner线性累积损伤理论的坎合结构疲劳累积

  1. The innermost region of AGN tori: implications from the HST/NICMOS Type 1 point sources and near-IR reverberation

    CERN Document Server

    Kishimoto, Makoto; Beckert, Thomas; Weigelt, Gerd

    2007-01-01

    Spatially resolving the innermost torus in AGN is one of the main goals of its high-spatial-resolution studies. This could be done in the near-IR observations of Type 1 AGNs where we see directly the hottest dust grains in the torus. We discuss two critical issues in such studies. Firstly, we examine the nuclear point sources in the HST/NICMOS images of nearby Type 1 AGNs, to evaluate the possible contribution from the central putative accretion disk. After a careful subtraction of host bulge flux, we show that near-IR colors of the point sources appear quite interpretable simply as a composite of a black-body-like spectrum and a relatively blue distinct component as expected for a torus and an accretion disk, respectively. Our radiative transfer models for clumpy tori also support this simple two-component interpretation. The observed near-IR colors suggest a fractional accretion disk contribution of ~25% or less at 2.2 micron. Secondly, we show that the innermost torus radii as indicated by the recent near-...

  2. Towards a fully stringy computation of Yukawa couplings on non-factorized tori and non-abelian twist correlators (I): The classical solution and action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesando, Igor

    2016-09-01

    We consider the simplest possible setting of non-abelian twist fields which corresponds to SU (2) monodromies. We first review the theory of hypergeometric function and of the solutions of the most general Fuchsian second order equation with three singularities. Then we solve the problem of writing the general solution with prescribed U (2) monodromies. We use this result to compute the classical string solution corresponding to three D2 branes in R4. Despite the fact that the configuration is supersymmetric the classical string solution is not holomorphic. Using the equation of motion and not the KLT approach we give a very simple expression for the classical action of the string. We find that the classical action is not proportional to the area of the triangle determined by the branes intersection points since the solution is not holomorphic. Phenomenologically this means that the Yukawa couplings for these supersymmetric configurations on non-factorized tori are suppressed with respect to the factorized case.

  3. Choice of high-apogee AES orbits on the basis of the qualitative methods of the theory of perturbations and situational analysis. Part I. Situational studies based on orbital tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prokhorenko, V. I.

    2016-03-01

    The paper discusses the problems of the choice of high-apogee orbits of artificial Earth satellites (AES), proceeding from the tasks of space experiments aimed at studying near-earth space and taking into account the features of the orbital evolution and ballistic lifetime. The suggested methods of the choice of orbits consist of two components. The first is based on the use of mathematical models of studied regions of near-earth space and various techniques of situation analysis, among which the annual and daily orbital tori developed by the author about 35 years ago are key. The second component is based on qualitative methods of the theory of perturbations of high-apogee AES orbits developed by M.L. Lidov more than 50 years ago.

  4. Design To Manufacturing Process:Bumpy Road?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Ntegration between design and manufacturing is one of the topics that normally hits a lot of discussion in the product development and PLM space.To support this process becomes more and more important in a modern enterprise manufacturing organization.You can ask me why? Let me put is simple this is one of the most important processes that can drive cost optimization in the companies.Everything a company is making need to be first designed and later manufacturing.If it breaks nothing can help.

  5. Bumpy Power Spectra and Galaxy Clusters

    CERN Document Server

    Knebe, A; Silk, J; Knebe, Alexander; Islam, Ranty; Silk, Joseph

    2001-01-01

    The evolution of the abundance of galaxy clusters is not a reliable measure of Omega if there are features on scales of a few Mpc in the primordial power spectrum. Conversely, if we know the cosmological model parameters from other measurements, the cluster abundance evolution permits us to probe features in the power spectrum that are in the nonlinear regime at the present epoch, and hence difficult to discern directly from current epoch measurements. We have investigated the influence of an artificially introduced Gaussian feature on an otherwise unperturbed SCDM power spectrum. Using these modified spectra as an input to cosmological N-body simulations, we are able to show that in terms of the cluster abundance evolution, a SCDM model displays characteristics similar to an OCDM model. However, strong modifications would also be visible at a redshift z=0 in the dark matter power spectrum whereas minor alterations to the usual SCDM spectrum are washed away by non-linear evolution effects. We therefore conclu...

  6. Test Structures For Bumpy Integrated Circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buehler, Martin G.; Sayah, Hoshyar R.

    1989-01-01

    Cross-bridge resistors added to comb and serpentine patterns. Improved combination of test structures built into integrated circuit used to evaluate design rules, fabrication processes, and quality of interconnections. Consist of meshing serpentines and combs, and cross bridge. Structures used to make electrical measurements revealing defects in design or fabrication. Combination of test structures includes three comb arrays, two serpentine arrays, and cross bridge. Made of aluminum or polycrystalline silicon, depending on material in integrated-circuit layers evaluated. Aluminum combs and serpentine arrays deposited over steps made by polycrystalline silicon and diffusion layers, while polycrystalline silicon versions of these structures used to cross over steps made by thick oxide layer.

  7. The bumpy road from renewable to sustainable

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solar energy is inherently renewable, but not automatically (fully) sustainable. Few people will disagree with this general statement, but that is about where consensus ends. Photovoltaic solar energy (PV) has rapidly left behind the megawatt-era and entered the gigawatt-era a few years ago. The PV sector is currently preparing for the 'real thing', i.e. the terawattscale manufacturing and installation that is needed for substantial impact on a global level. For that reason sustainability is now high on the list of development priorities, next to cost reduction and performance enhancement. Clearly terawatt-scale use is impossible, or at least undesirable, if certain sustainability criteria are not met. It would also severely affect the credibility of PV as a solution for sustainability related problems of society. The challenge is to translate this general concept into concrete actions that are useful for research, manufacturing, installation and other parts of the PV value chain. An important and famous definition of the concept of 'sustainability', or rather of 'sustainable development' has been given in the Brundtland Report: development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Although this definition catches an essential aspect of 'sustainability', it does not give concrete leads for the difficult choices that have to be made in everyday life in general, and in solar energy technology development and deployment in particular. Many other, more specific definitions and descriptions have also been developed, especially related to the narrower term 'environmental sustainability'. Unfortunately, but not unexpectedly, these do not give final answers to the questions either. This leads to strong and sometimes emotional debates, but also to confusion and misunderstanding among specialists as well as non-specialists. Dealing with (or managing) these aspects of PV and using them to define the best development agenda, has become an important challenge for the PV sector. In the following report a few important aspects are discussed in some more detail.

  8. TRANSIT OF EXOMOON PLASMA TORI: NEW DIAGNOSIS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ben-Jaffel, Lotfi [UPMC, University of Paris 06, UMR 7095, Institut d' Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris (France); Ballester, Gilda E., E-mail: bjaffel@iap.fr, E-mail: gilda@pirl.lpl.arizona.edu [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1541 E. University Blvd, Tucson, AZ 85721-0063 (United States)

    2014-04-20

    In the solar system, moons largely exceed planets in number. The Kepler database has been shown to be sensitive to exomoon detection down to the mass of Mars, but the first search has been unsuccessful. Here, we use a particles-in-cell code to predict the transit of the plasma torus produced by a satellite. Despite the small size of a moon, the spatial extent of its plasma torus can be large enough to produce substantial transit absorptions. The model is used for the interpretation of Hubble Space Telescope early ingress absorptions apparently observed during the WASP-12 b and HD 189733 b UV transits for which no consistent explanation exists. For HD 189733 b an exomoon transiting ∼16 R{sub p} ahead of the planet and loading ∼10{sup 29} C II ions s{sup –1} into space is required to explain the tentative early ingress absorption observed for C II. For WASP-12b, a moon transiting ∼6 R{sub p} ahead from the planet and ejecting ∼10{sup 28} Mg II ions per second is required to explain the NUV early ingress absorption feature. Interestingly, both HD 189733 b and WASP-12b predicted satellites are outside the Hill sphere of their planets, an indication that the moons, if present, were not formed in situ but probably captured later. Finally, our simulations show a strong electromagnetic coupling between the polar regions of planets and the orbital position of the moons, an expected outcome of the unipolar induction DC circuit model. Future observations should test our predictions with a potential opportunity to unambiguously detect the first exomoon plasma torus.

  9. Self-consistent stellar dynamical tori

    CERN Document Server

    Ciotti, L; Londrillo, P

    2003-01-01

    We present preliminary results on a new family of distribution functions that are able to generate axisymmetric, truncated (i.e., finite size) stellar dynamical models characterized by toroidal shapes. The relevant distribution functions generalize those that are known to describe polytropic spheres, for which all the dynamical and structural properties of the system can be expressed in explicit form as elementary functions of the system gravitational potential. The model construction is then completed by a numerical study of the associated Poisson equation. We note that our axisymmetric models can also include the presence of an external gravitational field, such as that produced by a massive disk or by a central mass concentration (e.g., a supermassive black hole).

  10. Vertex disjoint routings of cycles over tori

    OpenAIRE

    Bermond, Jean-Claude; Yu, Min-Li

    2007-01-01

    International audience We study the problem of designing a survivable WDM network based on covering the communication requests with subnetworks that are protected independently from each other. We consider here the case when the physical network is $T(n)$, a torus of size $n$ by $n$, the subnetworks are cycles and the communication scheme is all-to-all or total exchange (where all pairs of vertices communicate). We will represent the communication requests by a logical graph: a complete gr...

  11. TRANSIT OF EXOMOON PLASMA TORI: NEW DIAGNOSIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the solar system, moons largely exceed planets in number. The Kepler database has been shown to be sensitive to exomoon detection down to the mass of Mars, but the first search has been unsuccessful. Here, we use a particles-in-cell code to predict the transit of the plasma torus produced by a satellite. Despite the small size of a moon, the spatial extent of its plasma torus can be large enough to produce substantial transit absorptions. The model is used for the interpretation of Hubble Space Telescope early ingress absorptions apparently observed during the WASP-12 b and HD 189733 b UV transits for which no consistent explanation exists. For HD 189733 b an exomoon transiting ∼16 Rp ahead of the planet and loading ∼1029 C II ions s–1 into space is required to explain the tentative early ingress absorption observed for C II. For WASP-12b, a moon transiting ∼6 Rp ahead from the planet and ejecting ∼1028 Mg II ions per second is required to explain the NUV early ingress absorption feature. Interestingly, both HD 189733 b and WASP-12b predicted satellites are outside the Hill sphere of their planets, an indication that the moons, if present, were not formed in situ but probably captured later. Finally, our simulations show a strong electromagnetic coupling between the polar regions of planets and the orbital position of the moons, an expected outcome of the unipolar induction DC circuit model. Future observations should test our predictions with a potential opportunity to unambiguously detect the first exomoon plasma torus

  12. Nambu quantum mechanics on discrete 3-tori

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Axenides, M [National Research Center ' Demokritos' , 15310 Aghia Paraskevi, Athens (Greece); Floratos, E G [Nuclear and Particle Physics Section, University of Athens, 15771 Athens (Greece); Nicolis, S [CNRS-Laboratoire de Mathematiques et Physique Theorique (UMR 6083) Federation Denis Poisson (FR 9164) Universite de Tours ' Francois Rabelais' , Parc Grandmont, 37200 Tours (France)], E-mail: axenides@inp.demokritos.gr, E-mail: mflorato@physics.uoa.gr, E-mail: Stam.Nicolis@lmpt.univ-tours.fr

    2009-07-10

    We propose a quantization of linear, volume preserving, maps on the discrete and finite 3-torus T{sub N}{sup 3} represented by elements of the group SL(3,Z{sub N}). These flows can be considered as special motions of the Nambu dynamics (linear Nambu flows) in the three-dimensional toroidal phase space and are characterized by invariant vectors a of T{sub N}{sup 3}. We quantize all such flows, which are necessarily restricted on a planar two-dimensional phase space, embedded in the 3-torus, transverse to the vector a. The corresponding maps belong to the little group of a element of SL(3,Z{sub N}), which is an SL(2,Z{sub N}) subgroup. The associated linear Nambu maps are generated by a pair of linear and quadratic Hamiltonians (Clebsch-Monge potentials of the flow) and the corresponding quantum maps realize the metaplectic representation of SL(3,Z{sub N}) on the discrete group of three-dimensional magnetic translations, i.e. the non-commutative 3-torus with a deformation parameter the Nth root of unity. Other potential applications of our construction are related to the quantization of deterministic chaos in turbulent maps as well as to quantum tomography of three-dimensional objects.

  13. Invariant Tori and Boundedness in Asymmetric Oscillations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin Ping WANG

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we are concerned with the boundedness of all the solutions of the equation(x" + ax+ - bx- + φ(x) = p(t)),where p(t) is a smooth 2π-periodic function, a and b are positive constants, and the perturbation φ(x)is bounded.

  14. The strange rebirth of Tory England

    OpenAIRE

    Gamble, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    The Conservative party’s long dominance of British politics was overturned after 1992. The party suffered three consecutive election defeats, the first time this had happened in the modern era, and it seemed to lack the capacity to recover. After the 2005 defeat, however, the party under David Cameron has begun to seize back the political initiative from Labour. Cameron’s leadership is assessed against the background of the long Conservative hegemony, and the undermining of the five key pilla...

  15. The Big Bumpy Shift: Digital Music via Mobile Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Dolan, Daniel P.

    2000-01-01

    The promise and rise of mobile Internet technologies and markets will be remembered as one of the most profound global information technology developments of the next few years. Mobile Internet technologies and practical applications necessary for widespread public use are advancing rapidly in Japan and are likely to catch on quickly in other countries. The remarkable adoption of mobile Internet in Japan and the popularity of digital music file sharing services such as Napster in the United S...

  16. Scare of Avian Flu Revisits India: A Bumpy Road Ahead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajnish Kumar Rai

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available With the threat of an avian flu pandemic once again looming over eastern India, issues regarding patents and affordability and accessibility of drugs have taken center stage. The key priority of India should be to remain prepared to address the public health crisis effectively, by stockpiling the drug tamiflu so that it can be easily distributed and administered to the needy.India had been confronted with a serious threat of avian flu in 2005-06, but past experience shows that, despite having some of the broadest and most comprehensive compulsory patent licensing laws, India's policymaking elite shied away from fully exploiting these legal 'flexibilities.' Fortunately, the danger of avian flu did not turn into a substantial public health crisis that year. Under this backdrop, this paper explores various ‘flexibilities’ available in the Indian patent law and suggests short term and long term strategies to effectively tackle the impending danger of an avian flu pandemic, and similar public health crises in future. This paper will discuss potential areas of conflict between the indigenous generic drug firms and the multi-national companies with respect to TRIPS compliance in the event that these flexibilities are exploited. This paper also highlights the administrative constraints and the economic viability of the compulsory licensing system. Finally, this paper shows how political will is often more critical than having well documented provisions in statute books to respond to such situations effectively.

  17. Understanding normal development of adolescent sexuality: A bumpy ride.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kar, Sujita Kumar; Choudhury, Ananya; Singh, Abhishek Pratap

    2015-01-01

    Adolescence, derived from the Latin word "adolescere" meaning "to grow up" is a critical developmental period. During adolescence, major biological as well as psychological developments take place. Development of sexuality is an important bio-psycho-social development, which takes an adult shape during this period. During adolescence, an individual's thought, perception as well as response gets colored sexually. Puberty is an important landmark of sexuality development that occurs in the adolescence. The myriad of changes that occurs in adolescents puts them under enormous stress, which may have adverse physical, as well as psychological consequences. Understanding adolescent sexuality has important clinical, legal, social, cultural, as well as educational implications.

  18. Understanding normal development of adolescent sexuality: A bumpy ride

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujita Kumar Kar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Adolescence, derived from the Latin word "adolescere" meaning "to grow up" is a critical developmental period. During adolescence, major biological as well as psychological developments take place. Development of sexuality is an important bio-psycho-social development, which takes an adult shape during this period. During adolescence, an individual′s thought, perception as well as response gets colored sexually. Puberty is an important landmark of sexuality development that occurs in the adolescence. The myriad of changes that occurs in adolescents puts them under enormous stress, which may have adverse physical, as well as psychological consequences. Understanding adolescent sexuality has important clinical, legal, social, cultural, as well as educational implications.

  19. Theoretical studies of Elmo Bumpy Torus. Annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The work was divided into six basic areas. Modeling studies compared neoclassical and Fokker-Planck analyses of the core plasma electrons with EBT-S data. Ion physics studies treated propagation and absorption of ion cyclotron waves along with investigation of the effect of wave absorption and instabilities on the ion distribution function. Parametric instability calculations identified processes and thresholds for nonlinear electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) wave absorption. Ring physics studies considered not only energetics and spatial effects, but also scaling and startup scenarios, along with the attendant microwave power requirements. Radio frequency (RF) control studies considered the possibility of influencing transport by wave absorption; related studies produced the important predictions of RF stabilization of interchange modes, without ponderomotive effects. Finally, microwave deposition studies considered the geometric aspects of propagation and absorption of microwaves in a real EBT cavity system

  20. A successful international cooperation with a bumpy start

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming Li

    2011-01-01

    Science has no boarders.The saying could not be more accurate in the case of infectious disease research.It is publicly known that infectious diseases can travel,not only through infected people,animals or insects,but also by commercial shipments.In the era of globalization,it is not possible to fight infectious diseases in one nation without worrying about what is happening elsewhere in the world.Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases such as the outbreak of SARS in 2003 are likely to panic the Asian society at any time.To fight these diseases,the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the University of Tokyo (UT) launched China-Japan Collaboration on Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases in 2005,as part of the Program of Founding Research Centers for Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases supported by Japan Ministry of Education,Science,Sports and Technology (MEXT).

  1. The Bumpy Road to Mother Tongue Instruction in Malawi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamwendo, Gregory Hankoni

    2008-01-01

    In 1996, the Ministry of Education in Malawi directed that in future Standards 1 to 4 would be taught through mother tongues. It took eight years before the pilot phase of the language policy could begin. The paper critically analyses this situation using Bamgbose's framework which says that, in Africa, language policies tend to follow one or more…

  2. Entropy production, viscosity bounds and bumpy black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Hartnoll, Sean A; Santos, Jorge E

    2016-01-01

    The ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density, $\\eta/s$, is computed in various holographic geometries that break translation invariance (but are isotropic). The shear viscosity does not have a hydrodynamic interpretation in such backgrounds, but does quantify the rate of entropy production due to a strain. Fluctuations of the metric components $\\delta g_{xy}$ are massive about these backgrounds, leading to $\\eta/s < 1/(4\\pi)$ at all finite temperatures (even in Einstein gravity). As the temperature is taken to zero, different behaviors are possible. If translation symmetry breaking is irrelevant in the far IR, then $\\eta/s$ tends to a constant at $T=0$. This constant can be parametrically small. If the translation symmetry is broken in the far IR (which nonetheless develops emergent scale invariance), then $\\eta/s \\sim T^{2 \

  3. The Long, Bumpy Road to a Mars Aeronomy Mission (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grebowsky, J. M.; Luhmann, J. G.; Bougher, S. W.; Jakosky, B. M.

    2013-12-01

    With the advent of the space age, early focus was put into characterizing the Earth's upper atmosphere with aeronomy missions. These missions were designed to study the upper atmosphere region of a planet where the ionosphere is produced with particular attention given to the composition, properties and motion of atmosphere constituents. In particular a very successful US series of Atmosphere Explorer aeronomy spacecraft (1963-1977) was implemented. This upper atmosphere region is the envelope that all energy from the sun must penetrate and is recognized as an inseparable part of a planet's entire atmosphere. Venus was the next planet to have its upper atmosphere/ionosphere deeply probed via the Pioneer Venus Orbiter (1978-1986) that carried a complement of instruments similar to some flown on the Atmosphere Explorers. The planet which humans have long set their imagination on, Mars, has yet to be subjected to the same detailed upper atmosphere perusal until now, with MAVEN. Not that attempts have been wanting. More than 30 spacecraft launches to Mars were attempted, but half were not successful and those that attained orbit came far short of attaining the same level of knowledge of the Martian upper atmosphere. Other countries had planned Mars aeronomy missions that didn't bear fruit - e.g. Mars-96 and Nozomi and the US did studies for two missions, Mars Aeronomy Orbiter and MUADEE, that never were implemented. This is about to change. NASA's Scout Program singled out two aeronomy missions in its final competition and the selected mission, MAVEN, will fly with the needed sophistication of instruments to finally probe and understand the top of Mars' atmosphere. Was this late selection of a NASA aeronomy mission to Mars a philosophy change in US priorities or was it an accident of planning and budget constraints? Was it driven by the developing knowledge that Mars really had an early atmosphere environment conducive to life and that an aeronomy mission is indeed needed to determine where and how fast the life-capable atmosphere disappeared. Or was it thought that other orbiting missions like MEx or MGS that sampled the ionosphere were inadequate to the task? In a way the delay in executing a Mars aeronomy mission has a positive side; i.e. instruments are better developed than in earlier proposals and we have the benefit of MEx and MGS better defining the science objectives for an aeronomy mission. The bumps and potholes that planners of missions to Mars encountered makes an interesting story

  4. Confinement heating and stability in the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effects of heating methods, stability, neoclassical transport, nonadiabaticity, and ring power balance on the performance of an EBT reactor are discussed. Core plasma beta values in the range 10 to 15% have been estimated, but the reliability and importance of these estimates remain to be determined by future experiments and form a key objective for the EBT Proof-of-Principle (EBT-P) device. Potential variations on the basic EBT configuration that were expected to enhance reactor performance are discussed

  5. Understanding normal development of adolescent sexuality: A bumpy ride

    OpenAIRE

    Sujita Kumar Kar; Ananya Choudhury; Abhishek Pratap Singh

    2015-01-01

    Adolescence, derived from the Latin word "adolescere" meaning "to grow up" is a critical developmental period. During adolescence, major biological as well as psychological developments take place. Development of sexuality is an important bio-psycho-social development, which takes an adult shape during this period. During adolescence, an individual′s thought, perception as well as response gets colored sexually. Puberty is an important landmark of sexuality development that occurs in the adol...

  6. Compression fractures of the vertebrae during a "bumpy" boat ride.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Chukwunyerenwa, C K

    2012-01-31

    INTRODUCTION: Compression fracture of the vertebrae is common, often the result of falls from height and motor vehicle accidents in the younger age groups. It can occur following minor trauma in the elderly and in those with osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present an interesting case of compression fracture of the vertebral bodies occurring simultaneously in a couple during a boat ride while on holiday. One individual had fracture of the T8, while the other fractured the L1 vertebrae. Both injuries were treated conservatively with Taylor braces. CONCLUSION: We highlight one of the potential hazards of this recreational activity, and the almost identical fracture pattern in this couple.

  7. Bumpy, Sticky, and Shaky: Nanoscale Science and the Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Amy; Jones, Gail; Pearl, Thomas P.

    2008-01-01

    Nanoscience, or the study of the world at the size of a billionth of a meter, has the potential to help students see how all of the sciences are related. Behavior of materials at the nanoscale differs from materials at the macroscale. This article introduces three nanoscale properties and how they relate to various science domains. Three…

  8. Alternative approaches to plasma confinement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, J. R.

    1978-01-01

    The paper discusses 20 plasma confinement schemes each representing an alternative to the tokamak fusion reactor. Attention is given to: (1) tokamak-like devices (TORMAC, Topolotron, and the Extrap concept), (2) stellarator-like devices (Torsatron and twisted-coil stellarators), (3) mirror machines (Astron and reversed-field devices, the 2XII B experiment, laser-heated solenoids, the LITE experiment, the Kaktus-Surmac concept), (4) bumpy tori (hot electron bumpy torus, toroidal minimum-B configurations), (5) electrostatically assisted confinement (electrostatically stuffed cusps and mirrors, electrostatically assisted toroidal confinement), (6) the Migma concept, and (7) wall-confined plasmas. The plasma parameters of the devices are presented and the advantages and disadvantages of each are listed.

  9. Translated tori in the characteristic varieties of complex hyperplane arrangements

    OpenAIRE

    Suciu, Alexander I.

    1999-01-01

    We give examples of complex hyperplane arrangements for which the top characteristic variety contains positive-dimensional irreducible components that do not pass through the origin of the character torus. These examples answer several questions of Libgober and Yuzvinsky. As an application, we exhibit a pair of arrangements for which the resonance varieties of the Orlik-Solomon algebra are (abstractly) isomorphic, yet whose characteristic varieties are not isomorphic. The difference comes fro...

  10. Starbursts and dusty tori in distant 3CR radio galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Podigachoski, P; Barthel, P D; Drouart, G; Fioc, M

    2016-01-01

    We present a study of the complete ultraviolet to submillimetre spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of twelve 3CR radio galaxy hosts in the redshift range $1.0 < z < 2.5$, which were all detected in the far-infrared by the Herschel Space Observatory. The study employs the new spectro-chemical evolutionary code P\\'EGASE.3, in combination with recently published clumpy AGN torus models. We uncover the properties of the massive host galaxy stellar populations, the AGN torus luminosities, and the properties of the recent starbursts, which had earlier been inferred in these objects from their infrared SEDs. The P\\'EGASE.3 fitting yields very luminous (up to 10$^{13}$L$_{\\odot}$) young stellar populations with ages of several hundred million years in hosts with masses exceeding 10$^{11}$M$_{\\odot}$. Dust masses are seen to increase with redshift, and a surprising correlation -- or better upper envelope behaviour -- is found between the AGN torus luminosity and the starburst luminosity, as revealed by their a...

  11. Field Marks of a Celebration: Roger Tory Peterson's Centennial Birthday

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, J.; Robbins, C.S.

    2008-01-01

    A red letter day in my life was April 27, 1934, the day I first met Roger. A birding friend, Elisha Atkins, had invited Clinton Reynolds and me to dinner to meet a famous ornithologist. We would all be going on a field trip to Newburyport on the Massachusetts coast the next day. The dinner conversation revolved about a new field guide that Mr. Peterson had just completed and that would be available in a few days. I couldn?t wait to see it! I had been birding since 1930, keying out live birds with Chapman?s Handbook of Birds of Eastern North America (1912) and Hoffman?s Guide to the Birds of New England and Eastern New York (1904). Both books had extensive keys based on color, size, bill shape and season, and pictures of heads or feet of some species. Positive bird identification was a long and tedious process. The field trip the next day with Roger was memorable, not for finding any rare or unusual birds, but for learning how to identify birds to species at a single good glance. I recall asking Roger if he could find a ring-billed gull among a group of gulls resting on a roof beside the Merrimac River. He immediately said, ?No there aren?t any ring-bills there; they would be immediately apparent by their slimmer shape.? There was no need to check the foot color on each bird. While it is easy to say that Roger revolutionized field guides, I truly believe there are few people worldwide under the age of 90 who can really appreciate the difference between the old way of keying out birds and the instant recognition promoted by the Peterson system. Today we take for granted that amateurs can identify birds accurately. Monitoring bird populations by Breeding Bird Surveys, atlas studies, Breeding Bird Censuses, migration banding, and many other studies relies on it. None of these would be possible if we were still keying out live birds using books designed to identify dead birds in the hand.

  12. Radio Frequency Current Drive Considerations for Small Aspect Ratio Tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Noninductive current drive is required during plasma initiation and for current sustainment in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX). In this paper, the physics of high harmonic fast waves (HHFW) and the design of an antenna system for NSTX are considered using numerical models. For high current discharges in NSTX, the static magnetic field component in the poloidal direction varies widely during the discharge and can become comparable to the toroidal component in NSTX. Therefore, they calculate the plasma loading for a broad range of antenna and plasma geometries in a three-dimensional model, so that the results can be used to influence the antenna design. Two-dimensional calculations of the wave propagation and absorption in the core plasma indicate that the theoretical current drive efficiency for HHFW can be high, and a general survey of parameters gives a good target for the antenna design. The current drive efficiency calculation is sensitive to the equilibrium model because finite beta effects can substantially alter the calculation of the trapped particle fraction. Traditional methods of toroidally phasing an antenna array as well as poloidal phasing are studied to optimize the current drive efficiency for a range of equilibria. Non-zero poloidal model excitation is also found to affect the antenna performance and flexibility. Performance expectations for a preliminary antenna design are given

  13. Teerullitaktika kasutamisest riigieelarve arutamisel aastail 1998-2005 / Erkki Tori

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tori, Erkki

    2007-01-01

    Autor analüüsib Riigikogu nelja koosseisu kogemusi riigieelarve menetlemisel ning jõuab järeldusele, et valitsuskoalitsioonid on kasutanud teerullitaktikat ning teeb selle vähendamiseks ettepaneku muuta menetlusreeglistikku. Tabelid: 1998-2005. aasta riigieelarvesse esitatud ettepanekute edukus. Diagrammid, graafikud

  14. AGN dust tori: the X-ray-infrared connection

    CERN Document Server

    Rowan-Robinson, Michael; Nandra, Kirpal

    2009-01-01

    We have combined the CLASX Chandra survey in Lockman with the Spitzer SWIRE survey data to study the X-ray-infrared connection for AGN. The sample consists of 401 X-ray-sources, of which 306 are detected by Spitzer, and a further 257 AGN candidates detected through their dust torus, but not by Chandra. For X-ray sources the X-ray hardness ratio has been modelled in terms of a power-law with absorption N(H). The optical and infrared data have been modelled in terms of our well-established optical galaxy and QSO templates, and infrared templates based on radiative transfer models. Our estimate of the N(H) distribution is consistent with other studies, but we do find a higher proportion of low absorption objects at z 0.5. While we find only one X-ray AGN with N(H) > 10^{24} cm^{-2}, we argue that 10 objects with torus luminosity apparently exceeding the bolometric X-ray to 3 \\mu m luminosity are strong candidates for being heavily absorbed in X-rays. We also estimate that at least half of the infrared-detected ...

  15. On slope genera of knotted tori in the 4-space

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Yi; Sun, Hongbin; Wang, Shicheng

    2011-01-01

    In this note, we investigate genera for the slopes of a knotted torus in the 4-sphere analogous to the genus of a classical knot. We compare various formulations of this notion, and use this notion to study the extendable subgroup of the mapping class group of the knotted torus.

  16. Elmo Bumpy Torus proof of principle. Phase II - title 1 report. Volume I. Device summary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents a summary of the EBT-P Preliminary Design (Title I) effort. The work was performed, under the direction of ORNL, for the Department of Energy by MDAC-St. Louis. Major subcontractors assisting MDAC included General Dynamics for the magnet system, Gilbert Associates for the device utilities and facility architecture and engineering, and Lockheed - Oak Ridge for engineering support services. The Title I period of performance was from 1 October 1980 to 1 March 1982

  17. International consensus on ANA patterns (ICAP): the bumpy road towards a consensus on reporting ANA results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damoiseaux, Jan; von Mühlen, Carlos A; Garcia-De La Torre, Ignacio; Carballo, Orlando Gabriel; de Melo Cruvinel, Wilson; Francescantonio, Paulo Luiz Carvalho; Fritzler, Marvin J; Herold, Manfred; Mimori, Tsuneyo; Satoh, Minoru; Andrade, Luis E C; Chan, Edward K L; Conrad, Karsten

    2016-12-01

    The International Consensus on ANA Patterns (ICAP) was initiated as a workshop aiming to thoroughly discuss and achieve consensus regarding the morphological patterns observed in the indirect immunofluorescence assay on HEp-2 cells. One of the topics discussed at the second ICAP workshop, and addressed in this paper, was the harmonization of reporting ANA test results. This discussion centered on the issue if cytoplasmic and mitotic patterns should be reported as positive or negative. This report outlines the issues that impact on two major different reporting methods. Although it was appreciated by all participants that cytoplasmic and mitotic patterns are clinically relevant, implications for existing diagnostic/classification criteria for ANA-associated diseases in particular hampered a final consensus on this topic. Evidently, a more concerted action of all relevant stakeholders is required. Future ICAP workshops may help to facilitate this action. PMID:26831867

  18. Effect of alpha particles on the stability of Elmo Bumpy Torus (EBT) reactor. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The macroscopic stability of an ignited EBT reactor is investigated by studying the effects of the alpha particles generated by the Deuterium-Tritium (D-T) fusion reaction on the background interchange mode, the interacting interchange mode, and the high-frequency compressional Alfven and coupled modes. A fluid description is used for the background plasma while a kinetic treatment is utilized for the hot electron species and the alpha particles. It is shown that the alphas tend to mildly destabilize the interacting interchange while stabilizing the background interchange due to their sizable Larmor radii. The destabilization is most pronounced when the beta of the alpha particles in highest, i.e., at birth, and recovery of stabilization takes place as these particles slow down toward thermalization. It is also shown that the alphas completely stabilize the high frequency modes so that it can safely be concluded that fusion alphas present no detrimental effects on the stability of an EBT reactor that possesses an appropriate hot electron ring for macroscopic stability

  19. The bumpy road Max Planck from radiation theory to the quantum (1896-1906)

    CERN Document Server

    Badino, Massimiliano

    2015-01-01

    This book examines the different areas of knowledge, traditions, and conceptual resources that contributed to the building of Max Planck’s theory of radiation. It presents an insightful comparative analysis that not only sheds light upon a fundamental chapter in the history of modern physics, but also enlarges our understanding of how theoreticians work. Coverage offers a deep investigation into the technical aspects behind the theory and extends in time the notion of quantum revolution. It also presents a full-fledged discussion of the combinatorial part of Planck’s theory and places emphasis on the epistemological role of mathematical practices. By painstakingly reconstructing both the electromagnetic and the combinatorial part of Planck’s black-body theory, the author shows how some apparently merely technical resources, such as the Fourier series, effectively contributed to shape the final form of Planck’s theory. For decades, historians have debated the conditions of possibility of Max Planck’s...

  20. Elmo Bumpy Torus physics. Interim technical report, May 24, 1983-October 1, 1983

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This progress report covers the technical work performed during the initial funding period of the contract, May 24-October 1, 1983. The contract presently includes work on three tasks: T-M Transition studies on EBT-S, pulsed high density experiments on EBT-S, and theoretical studies of ion rings in EBT. The work on Task 2 consisted of developing a preliminary plan for the pulsed experiments and some exploratory experimental runs on EBT-S. Within the Task 3 effort considerable work was accomplished on ion ring formation. This work was able to benefit from previous research and code development done at MDAC. This report also covers preliminary results on investigation of stabilization of ballooning and interchange modes by high energy rings. This investigation is particularly important for ion rings because, should stabilization properties depend on ion energy in the rings, the required ion energies could be important in power balance considerations

  1. Bumpy Spin-Down of Anomalous X-Ray Pulsars The Link with Magnetars

    CERN Document Server

    Melatos, A

    1999-01-01

    The two anomalous X-ray pulsars (AXPs) with well-sampled timing histories, 1E 1048.1-5937 and 1E 2259+586, are known to spin down irregularly, with `bumps' superimposed on an overall linear trend. Here we show that if AXPs are non-accreting magnetars, i.e. isolated neutron stars with surface magnetic fields B_0 > 10^{10} T, then they spin down electromagnetically in exactly the manner observed, due to an effect called `radiative precession'. Internal hydromagnetic stresses deform the star, creating a fractional difference epsilon=(I_3-I_1)/I_1 ~ 10^{-8} between the principal moments of inertia I_1 and I_3; the resulting Eulerian precession couples to an oscillating component of the electromagnetic torque associated with the near-zone radiation fields, and the star executes an anharmonic wobble with period tau_pr ~ 2 pi / epsilon Omega(t) ~ 10 yr, where Omega(t) is the rotation frequency as a function of time t. We solve Euler's equations for a biaxial magnet rotating in vacuo; show that the computed Omega(t) ...

  2. Elmo Bumpy Torus proof of principle, Phase II: Title 1 report. Volume VIII. Device utilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the activities conducted during the Preliminary Design Period for the Device Utilities Systems. All GAI preliminary specifications, drawings, and reports (listed in Section 4.0) have been transmitted to ORNL for review and approval. Device Utility Systems Descriptions are also presented in Section 4.0. The GAI Device Enclosure Gamma Radiation Analysis is presented in Appendix B. Pending design criteria revisions are described in Section 6.0. A type B Change Notice Request (CNR) has been transmitted to GAI. The Type B CNR authorizes cost and schedule assessment for each revision identified. Formal Proposed Design Changes (PDC's) will be provided to ORNL when this data is available

  3. Five years on the bumpy road delivering well chemicals for zero harmful discharge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Selle, Olav M.; Paltiel, Sten; Saeten, Jens O.; Nasvik, Haavard

    2006-03-15

    This is a summary of five years development work to qualify environmentally acceptable well chemicals for Heidrun. We will describe the situation as we started the work, what strategy we followed and the ups and downs we experienced as we went along. The focus is on scale inhibitors, scale dissolvers, acid formulations, viscosified fluids and chemicals for zonal isolation/shut-off purposes. The challenge has been to develop biodegradable and low toxic chemicals with equal or better effectiveness and with a reasonable prize compare to {sup b}est in class{sup -}products. The impact this has provided for zero harmful discharge to sea at Haltenbanken will be presented, to show the status as we are entering into year 2005. (Author)

  4. Bumpy Application of Utility Code for Genomic Inventions: With Special Reference to Express Sequence Tags

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M R Sreenivasa Murthy

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Genomics, a new bough of biotechnology responsible for gene mapping has acquired a rapid significance in the field of patents. Brisk growth of patent filing in genomic subject matter is raising serious concerns about their utility from the perspective of societal benefit. Though the genomic related patent application qualifies the criterion of invention and non-obviousness in major instances, the inventors are unable to satisfy the utility criterion. Some instances such as patent application for ESTs have no utility at all. The patent regulators constructed various tests to deal with the situation such as specificity, substantiality (real world credibility tests etc. Hoverer, it is noteworthy that an attempt to uniform the standard of utility test for genomic inventions especially in the field of ESTs, cloning and creation of chimeras, has been made by America and Europe through specific regulations. Thus, the objective of this paper is firstly, to explain the importance of biotechnology and genomic inventions for mankind and significance of ESTs for future research. Secondly, to analyze the application of Utility code prior to the emergence of Utility code in America and Europe. Thirdly to scrutinize the Utility code in both countries and their implication on aftermath cases, and. fourthly and finally, to critically evaluate the both countries utility pathways in the light of societal benefit.

  5. Elmo Bumpy Torus proof of principle, Phase II: Title 1 report. Volume II. Toroidal vessel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Toroidal Vessel provides the vacuum enclosure for containing the high temperature steady state plasma. In addition, the Toroidal Vessel must provide several viewing ports for plasma diagnostics, vacuum pumping ports for both high vacuum and roughing vacuum, feed-through ports for ECRH waveguides, limiter feed throughs for cooling and supporting the limiters, and ports for ion gages. The vessel must operate in an intense environment comprised of x-rays, microwaves, magnetic fields and plasma heat loads as well as the atmosphere pressure and gravity loads and the internal thermal stress loads due to heating and cooling of the torus. A key issue addressed was the choice of vacuum vessel seal and wall materials. In addition, during the course of the study, ORNL requested that horsecollar diagnostic ports be incorporated in the design. A comprehensive trade study was performed considering the vessel material issues in concert with the impact of the horsecollar port design. A change in baseline from an aluminum vessel with elastomer seals and circular diagnostic ports to austenitic stainless steel vessel with metal seals and horsecollar ports was agreed upon by both MDAC and ORNL towards the end of Title I

  6. Actually the World Is Quite Bumpy: Using Friedman in the International Business Law Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhooge, Lucien J.

    2006-01-01

    In "The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century," Pulitzer Prize recipient and New York Times foreign affairs correspondent Thomas L. Friedman examines the evolution of globalization in the six years since the publication of his highly acclaimed introduction to the topic in "The Lexus and the Olive Tree: Understanding…

  7. Ion tails and lower-hybrid-drift turbulence in the ELMO Bumpy Torus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is demonstrated that a low level of lower-hybrid-drift waves could explain the hot-ion tails observed in EBT; the tail temperature is related to the lower-hybrid-drift wave energy. The effect of these waves on the bulk ion distribution is also analyzed

  8. Aiming at Excellence as Our Science Evolves Amidst the Bumpiness of Modern Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furbish, D. J.

    2005-12-01

    The health and stature of an academic department are strongly influenced by how its vision and mission mesh with those of the college/school and university. Aiming at this alignment is a continuous process, as it typically involves engaging competing interests and disparate world views of all participants, and is punctuated by weighty, albeit academically normal, events with varying recurrence intervals. For example, the typical (35-year) career faculty member in the U.S. will, on average, see 8.8 department chair (re)appointments, experience 7.8 academic deans and 5.3 presidents/chancellors, be eligible for 5 sabbaticals, hear about if not undergo 3.5 NRC ranking processes, contribute to 1.8 curriculum revisions at the college/school level and to one major curriculum revision at the department level, participate in at least N - 1 faculty searches and at least 0.8N tenure reviews (where N is faculty size, assumed to be steady), and see about one full turnover of the department faculty. If affiliated with a program where securing external funding is expected, this typical academician will with luck participate, on average, in at least 11.7 external grants. These events are sources of both inertia and acceleration, stability and instability; they are triggers of change as well as tools of change. Moreover, geoscience departments in particular are facing the need to reexamine their missions in response to the rapidly evolving scope of our science -- within the context of institutional pressures driven by changing student interests, prioritization in allocation of resources, changes in emphasis on educational level, and changing societal expectations of education. No steady states exist. Strength comes in aiming at a vision centered on agreed-upon principles of excellence that possess long time constants, using shorter recurrence-interval events as tools for tuning to this vision. Important examples occur in curriculum development/revision, hiring and mentoring practices, research program development, and balancing research with educational endeavors. Strength also comes with effective (continual) articulation of departmental aims and goals at all university levels.

  9. Fusion energy division annual progress report, period ending December 31, 1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-11-01

    The ORNL Program encompasses most aspects of magnetic fusion research including research on two magnetic confinement programs (tokamaks and ELMO bumpy tori); the development of the essential technologies for plasma heating, fueling, superconducting magnets, and materials; the development of diagnostics; the development of atomic physics and radiation effect data bases; the assessment of the environmental impact of magnetic fusion; the physics and engineering of present-generation devices; and the design of future devices. The integration of all of these activities into one program is a major factor in the success of each activity. An excellent example of this integration is the extremely successful application of neutral injection heating systems developed at ORNL to tokamaks both in the Fusion Energy Division and at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL). The goal of the ORNL Fusion Program is to maintain this balance between plasma confinement, technology, and engineering activities.

  10. Fusion energy division annual progress report, period ending December 31, 1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ORNL Program encompasses most aspects of magnetic fusion research including research on two magnetic confinement programs (tokamaks and ELMO bumpy tori); the development of the essential technologies for plasma heating, fueling, superconducting magnets, and materials; the development of diagnostics; the development of atomic physics and radiation effect data bases; the assessment of the environmental impact of magnetic fusion; the physics and engineering of present-generation devices; and the design of future devices. The integration of all of these activities into one program is a major factor in the success of each activity. An excellent example of this integration is the extremely successful application of neutral injection heating systems developed at ORNL to tokamaks both in the Fusion Energy Division and at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL). The goal of the ORNL Fusion Program is to maintain this balance between plasma confinement, technology, and engineering activities

  11. Formation of dark matter tori around supermassive black holes via the eccentric Kozai-Lidov mechanism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We explore the effects of long-term secular perturbations on the distribution of dark matter particles around supermassive black hole (BH) binaries. We show that in the hierarchical (in separation) three-body problem, one of the BHs and a dark matter particle form an inner binary. Gravitational perturbations from the BH companion, on a much wider orbit, can cause the dark matter particle to reach extremely high eccentricities and even get accreted onto the BH by what is known as the eccentric Kozai-Lidov (EKL) mechanism. We show that this may produce a torus-like configuration for the dark matter distribution around the less massive member of the BH binary. We first consider an intermediate BH (IMBH) in the vicinity of our galactic center, which may be a relic of a past minor merger. We show that if the IMBH is close enough (i.e., near the stellar disk) the EKL mechanism is very efficient in exciting the eccentricity of dark matter particles in near-polar configurations to extremely high values where they are accreted by the IMBH. We show that this mechanism is even more effective if the central BH grows in mass, where we have assumed adiabatic growth. Because near-polar configurations are disrupted, a torus-like shape is formed. We also show that this behavior is also likely to be relevant for supermassive BH binaries. We suggest that if the BHs are spinning, the accreted dark matter particles may linger in the ergosphere, and thereby generate self-annihilations and produce an indirect signature of potential interest.

  12. An X-ray spectral model for clumpy tori in active galactic nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Yuan

    2014-01-01

    We construct an X-ray spectral model for the clumpy torus in an active galactic nucleus (AGN) using Geant4, which includes the physical processes of the photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, Rayleigh scattering, $\\gamma$ conversion, fluorescence line, and Auger process. Since the electrons in the torus are expected to be bounded instead of free, the deviation of the scattering cross section from the Klein-Nishina cross section has also been included, which changes the X-ray spectra by up to 25% below $10$ keV. We have investigated the effect of the clumpiness parameters on the reflection spectra and the strength of the fluorescent line Fe K$\\alpha$. The volume filling factor of the clouds in the clumpy torus only slightly influences the reflection spectra, however, the total column density and the number of clouds along the line of sight significantly change the shapes and amplitudes of the reflection spectra. The effect of column density is similar to the case of a smooth torus, while a small number of c...

  13. On shrinking targets for Zm actions on tori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bugeaud, Yann; Harrap, Stephen; Kristensen, S.;

    Let be an matrix with real entries. Consider the set of for which there exists a constant such that for any the distance between and the point is at least . It is shown that the intersection of with any suitably regular fractal set is of maximal Hausdorff dimension. The linear form systems invest...

  14. Experiments on bifurcation of periodic states into tori for a periodically forced chemical oscillator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vance, William; Ross, John

    1988-05-01

    We study experimentally continuous transitions from quasiperiodic to periodic states for a time-periodically forced chemical oscillator. The chemical reaction is the hydration of 2,3-epoxy-1-propanol, and is carried out in a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR). Periodic oscillatory states are observed to arise in the autonomous system through supercritical Hopf bifurcations as either the total flow rate or the cooling coil temperature is changed. Under conditions of oscillation for the autonomous system, small-amplitude periodic variation of the total flow rate generates an attracting two-torus from the stable limit cycle. From the experiments we determine the structure of the toroidal flow, stroboscopic phase portraits, and circle maps as a function of the forcing amplitude and period. A continuous transition from the quasiperiodic to a periodic state, in which the two-torus contracts to a closed curve (Neimark-Sacker torus bifurcation), is observed as the forcing amplitude is increased at a constant forcing period, or as the forcing period is changed at a constant moderate forcing amplitude. Qualitative theoretical predictions compare well with the experimental observations. This paper presents the first experimental observation of a Neimark-Sacker torus bifurcation in a forced chemical oscillator system, and relates the bifurcation diagram of the unforced system to that of the forced system.

  15. Integrated-blanket-coil (IBC) concept applied to the OH-coil for spherical tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This concept combines blanket and coil functions into a single component. The objectives of the concept are to: (1) provide design options, (2) simplify overall configuration, (3) enhance compactness, and (4) reduce costs. Some drawings of the system are given

  16. A Female Interrogative Reader: The Adolescent Jane Austen Reads and Rewrites (His)tory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid-Walsh, Jacqueline

    1992-01-01

    Argues that Jane Austen's unpublished juvenile work "The History of England" has considerable relevance to twentieth-century high-school English classrooms. Notes that the work humorously shows the gender bias of traditional history texts because it is a "woman-centered" rewriting. (RS)

  17. Invariant Tori in the Secular Motions of the Three-body Planetary Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locatelli, Ugo; Giorgilli, Antonio

    We consider the problem of the applicability of KAM theorem to a realistic problem of three bodies. In the framework of the averaged dynamics over the fast angles for the Sun-Jupiter-Saturn system we can prove the perpetual stability of the orbit. The proof is based on semi-numerical algorithms requiring both explicit algebraic manipulations of series and analytical estimates. The proof is made rigorous by using interval arithmetics in order to control the numerical errors.

  18. Parogenerátory tlakovodních reaktorů

    OpenAIRE

    Michalica, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Tato bakalářská práce se zabývá popisem jednotlivých konstrukčních řešení parogenerátorů. V první části bakalářské práce je popsán počátek jaderného průmyslu v Rusku. Samostatná práce se věnuje jednotlivým konstrukčním řešením. Poslední kapitola detailně popisuje jednotlivé části parogenerátoru VVER 1000. Součástí práce je tvorba 3D modelu parogenerátoru VVER 1000, který bude sloužit jako učební pomůcka v projektu Cenelín. This bachelors thesis describes various designs of steam generators...

  19. THE UTILIZATION OF THE THERAPEUTIC TOY IN THE NURSING OPERA TORY VISIT TO THE INFANT

    OpenAIRE

    Cláudia Silveira Viera; Marister Piccoli; Silvana Machiavelli Schmitz

    2003-01-01

    The systematization of the peroperative nursing occurs in the moments pre, trans and postoperativeand also they happen in children, adolescents, adults and elders. Being like this, ours objective went verify thebenefits of the utilization of the therapeutic toy in the visit preoperative by the nurse of surgical center.

  20. THE UTILIZATION OF THE THERAPEUTIC TOY IN THE NURSING OPERA TORY VISIT TO THE INFANT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Silveira Viera

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The systematization of the peroperative nursing occurs in the moments pre, trans and postoperativeand also they happen in children, adolescents, adults and elders. Being like this, ours objective went verify thebenefits of the utilization of the therapeutic toy in the visit preoperative by the nurse of surgical center.

  1. Bussifirmadel 64 miljonit krooni puudu / Ivo Volt, Villem Tori ; interv. Tanel Raig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Volt, Ivo, 1968-

    2005-01-01

    Bussifirmadel puudub 2005. aastaks 64 miljonit krooni dotatsiooniraha ning seepärast ei jõuta ametiühingutega kokkuleppele bussijuhtide palgatõusu suuruses. Piletihindade tõusust, liinimahtude vähenemisest, bussifirmade tulevikust, palgaläbirääkimistest

  2. Mid-infrared interferometry of 23 AGN tori: On the significance of polar-elongated emission

    CERN Document Server

    López-Gonzaga, N; Tristram, K R W; Meisenheimer, K; Schartmann, M

    2016-01-01

    Context. Detailed high resolution studies of AGN with mid-infrared (MIR) interferometry have revealed parsec-sized dust emission elongated in the polar direction in four sources. Aims. Using a larger, coherently analyzed sample of AGN observed with MIR interferometry, we aim to identify elongated mid-infrared emission in a statistical sample of sources. More specifically we wish to determine if there is indeed a preferred direction of the elongation and whether this direction is consistent with a torus-like structure or with a polar emission. Methods. We investigate the significance of the detection of an elongated shape in the MIR emission by fitting elongated Gaussian models to the interferometric data at 12 um. We pay special attention to 1) the uncertainties caused by an inhomogeneous (u,v) coverage, 2) the typical errors in the measurements and 3) the spatial resolution achieved for each object. Results. From our sample of 23 sources we are able to find elongated parsec-scale MIR emission in five sources...

  3. Long time existence for the semi-linear beam equation on irrational tori of dimension two

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imekraz, Rafik

    2016-10-01

    We prove a long time existence result for the semi-linear beam equation with small and smooth initial data. We use a regularizing effect of the structure of beam equations and a very weak separation property of the spectrum of an irrational torus under a Diophantine assumption on the radius. Our approach is inspired from a paper by Zhang about the Klein-Gordon equation with a quadratic potential.

  4. Vanadové články jako zdroje a akumulátory energie

    OpenAIRE

    Langr, Pavel

    2015-01-01

    Tato semestrální práce se zabývá problematikou průtokových redoxních baterií, zejména pak vanadových článků. První část se soustředí na vysvětlění základních pojmů, popisuje vanadové redoxní baterie a vysvětluje chemické procesy v nich. Zabývá se též jejich vlastnostmi a konstrukcí. Druhá část popisuje diagnostickou metodu spektroskopie, která se jeví jako velice perspektivní právě pro zkoumání vlastností vanadových článků. This semestral thesis deals with problematics of redox flow batter...

  5. Linn andis loa Osten Tori juurde kõrgete korrusmajade ehitamiseks / Askur Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Askur, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna linnavalitsus kehtestas Pärnu maantee ja Alevi tänava nurga detailplaneeringu, mille kohaselt kerkivad sinna üks 9- ja üks 12-korruseline äri- ja kortermaja. Projekti koostas Tõnu Laigu OÜ-st QP Arhitektid

  6. Mid-infrared interferometry of 23 AGN tori: On the significance of polar-elongated emission

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Gonzaga, N.; Burtscher, L.; Tristram, K. R. W.; Meisenheimer, K.; Schartmann, M.

    2016-06-01

    Context. Detailed high-resolution studies of active galactic nuclei (AGN) with mid-infrared (MIR) interferometry have revealed parsec-sized dust emission that is elongated in the polar direction in four sources. Aims: Using a larger, coherently analyzed sample of AGN observed with MIR interferometry, we aim to identify elongated MIR emission in a statistical sample of sources. More specifically, we wish to determine if there is indeed a preferred direction of the elongation and whether this direction is consistent with a torus-like structure or with a polar emission. Methods: We investigated the significance of the detection of an elongated shape in the MIR emission by fitting elongated Gaussian models to the interferometric data at 12 μm. We paid special attention to (1) the uncertainties caused by an inhomogeneous (u,v) coverage; (2) the typical errors in the measurements; and (3) the spatial resolution achieved for each object. Results: From our sample of 23 sources, we are able to find elongated parsec-scale, MIR emission in five sources: three type 2s, one type 1i, and one type 1. Elongated emission in four of these sources has been published before; NGC 5506 is a new detection. The observed axis ratios are typically around 2 and the position angle of the 12 μm emission for all the elongated sources always seems to be closer to the polar axis of the system than to the equatorial axis. Two other objects, NGC 4507 and MCG-5-23-16, with reasonably well-mapped (u,v) coverage and good signal-to-noise ratios, appear to have a less elongated 12 μm emission. Conclusions: Our finding that sources showing elongated MIR emission are preferentially extended in polar direction sets strong constraints on torus models or implies that both the torus and NLR/outflow region have to be modeled together. In addition, models used for SED fitting will have to be revised to include emission from polar dust.

  7. Delayed outflows from black hole accretion tori following neutron star binary coalescence

    CERN Document Server

    Fernández, Rodrigo

    2013-01-01

    Expulsion of neutron-rich matter following the merger of neutron star (NS) binaries is crucial to the radioactively-powered electromagnetic counterparts of these events and to their relevance as sources of r-process nucleosynthesis. Numerical simulations of NS-NS coalescence find, however, a wide range in the quantity of prompt dynamically-ejected mass. Here we explore the long-term (viscous) evolution of remnant black hole accretion disks formed in such mergers by means of two-dimensional, time-dependent hydrodynamical simulations. The evolution of the electron fraction due to charged-current weak interactions is included, and neutrino self-irradiation is modeled as a lightbulb that accounts for the disk geometry and moderate optical depth effects. Over several viscous times (~1s), a fraction ~10% of the initial disk mass is ejected as a moderately neutron-rich wind (Y_e ~ 0.2) powered by viscous heating and nuclear recombination, with neutrino self-irradiation playing a sub-dominant role. Although the prope...

  8. Analyzátory výfukových emisí vozidel

    OpenAIRE

    Přeučil, Martin

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this work is to describe the development and current knowledge in the design of the exhaust emissions of internal combustion analyzers motorů.Bakalářská work includes analysis of emissions from internal combustion engines, their composition and the description of the individual components. Besides, the description of the technical equipment for analysis of exhaust emissions of internal combustion engines and the principles on which these devices operate. The next chapter covers the...

  9. Semiclassical quantization via adiabatic switching. II. Choice of tori and initial conditions for multidimensional systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The formulation of a general strategy for implementing semiclassical quantization using the adiabatic-switching method, presented in the preceding paper for two-dimensional systems, is generalized to multidimensional systems. The method is shown to produce accurate semiclassical eigenvalues for the realistic polynomial potential describing SO2 as well as for model potentials for other multidimensional systems. The results are compared with semiclassical results obtained with use of other methods

  10. Semiclassical quantization via adiabatic switching. II. Choice of tori and initial conditions for multidimensional systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saini, S.; Zakrzewski, J.; Taylor, H.S.

    1988-10-15

    The formulation of a general strategy for implementing semiclassical quantization using the adiabatic-switching method, presented in the preceding paper for two-dimensional systems, is generalized to multidimensional systems. The method is shown to produce accurate semiclassical eigenvalues for the realistic polynomial potential describing SO/sub 2/ as well as for model potentials for other multidimensional systems. The results are compared with semiclassical results obtained with use of other methods.

  11. Elmo Bumpy Torus proof of principle, Phase II: Title 1 report. Volume V. Vacuum-pumping system. Preliminary design report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report summarizes Title I Preliminary Design of the EBT-P Vacuum Pumping System. The Vacuum Pumping System has been designed by the McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Co. - St. Louis (MDAC). It includes the necessary vacuum pumps and vacuum valves to evacuate the torus, the Mirror Coil Dewars (MC Dewars), and the Gyrotron Magnet Dewars. The pumping ducts, manifolds, and microwave protection system are also included. A summary of the function of each subsystem and a description of its principle components is provided below. The analyses performed during the system design are also identified

  12. A bumpy ride on the diagnostic bench of massive parallel sequencing, the case of the mitochondrial genome.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Vancampenhout

    Full Text Available The advent of massive parallel sequencing (MPS has revolutionized the field of human molecular genetics, including the diagnostic study of mitochondrial (mt DNA dysfunction. The analysis of the complete mitochondrial genome using MPS platforms is now common and will soon outrun conventional sequencing. However, the development of a robust and reliable protocol is rather challenging. A previous pilot study for the re-sequencing of human mtDNA revealed an uneven coverage, affecting predominantly part of the plus strand. In an attempt to address this problem, we undertook a comparative study of standard and modified protocols for the Ion Torrent PGM system. We could not improve strand representation by altering the recommended shearing methodology of the standard workflow or omitting the DNA polymerase amplification step from the library construction process. However, we were able to associate coverage bias of the plus strand with a specific sequence motif. Additionally, we compared coverage and variant calling across technologies. The same samples were also sequenced on a MiSeq device which showed that coverage and heteroplasmic variant calling were much improved.

  13. Office of Fusion Energy recommendations on the Elmo Bumpy Torus proof-of-principle experiment site selection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report provies background information and rationale for the procedures used and decisions made up to this point. A brief history and technical description of the EBT concept are given. The OFE recommendations as to siting are included

  14. Elmo Bumpy Torus proof of principle. Phase II. Title 1 report. Volume III. Magnet system. Preliminary design report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During Title I, General Dynamics' principal role as a subcontractor to the McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company (MDAC) is to assist in the further development of a low-cost superconducting magnet mirror coil system for the EBT-P program consistent with long life and dependable operation. The activity can best be defined as an extension of ORNL's previous development program with further joint ORNL/MDAC/GDC refining of the mirror coil components. MDAC/GDC participation for the entire program can be subdivided into four distinct elements as follows: (1) design, development, and fabrication of two dewar subassemblies to enclose the ORNL developed and fabricated cold mass assemblies; (2) design, development, and fabrication of a production prototype magnet system including conductor (procurement), cold mass components, dewar and x-ray shield. This prototype would form the basis for the production of 36 magnets for the torus and three spares. (3) design, development, and fabrication of an electrical/electronic system including quench protection, instrumentation and control, and power supply to power and protect the mirror coil system during its operation in the torus; (4) fabrication of the 39 production magnets

  15. Elmo Bumpy Torus proof of principle, Phase II: Title 1 report. Volume IV. Microwave system. Preliminary design report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The EBT-P Microwave System provides microwaves for electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) to both stabilize and heat the EBT-P plasma. A 28 gigahertz (GHz) system is required to form the hot electron annulus plasma that provides MHD stabilization to the core plasma. A 60 GHz system is required to heat the core plasma and will provide some second harmonic heating of the hot electron annulus. The principal microwave system elements and their design characteristics are summarized. The microwave system includes 200 kilowatt (kW) gyrotrons at 60 GHz for core heating and 200 kW gyrotrons at 28 GHz for annulus heating. The basic operating complement will be six (6) 60 GHz tubes and two (2) 28 GHz tubes. PACE (Plant and Capital Equipment) procurement will include four (4) 60 GHz gyrotrons with two (2) GHz tubes procured under operations and the two (2) 28 GHz tubes will be provided, with mounts, from the EBT-S program. Each tube is rigidly mounted on an oil filled tank assembly which provides electrical isolation and cooling. All tubes and mounts will be located in the lower level of the torus enclosure. An extensive demineralized water flow system is required to provide gyrotron cooling

  16. A Rough & Bumpy Way in Post- Cancun Era%后坎昆时代路途坎坷

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    我驻新加坡、哥伦比亚、韩国使馆经商处综合消息8月1日凌晨,世贸组织的147个成员终于在瑞士日内瓦达成一项框架协议,重振陷入僵局的多哈回合多边贸易谈判。消息传出后,各国对此反应不一。

  17. Preservation and Recycling of Crust during Accretionary and Collisional Phases of Proterozoic Orogens: A Bumpy Road from Nuna to Rodinia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kent C. Condie

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Zircon age peaks at 2100–1650 and 1200–1000 Ma correlate with craton collisions in the growth of supercontinents Nuna and Rodinia, respectively, with a time interval between collisions mostly <50 Myr (range 0–250 Myr. Collisional orogens are two types: those with subduction durations <500 Myr and those ≥500 Myr. The latter group comprises orogens with long-lived accretionary stages between Nuna and Rodinia assemblies. Neither orogen age nor duration of either subduction or collision correlates with the volume of orogen preserved. Most rocks preserved date to the pre-collisional, subduction (ocean-basin closing stage and not to the collisional stage. The most widely preserved tectonic setting in Proterozoic orogens is the continental arc (10%–90%, mean 60%, with oceanic tectonic settings (oceanic crust, arcs, islands and plateaus, serpentinites, pelagic sediments comprising <20% and mostly <10%. Reworked components comprise 20%–80% (mean 32% and microcratons comprise a minor but poorly known fraction. Nd and Hf isotopic data indicate that Proterozoic orogens contain from 10% to 60% of juvenile crust (mean 36% and 40%–75% reworked crust (mean 64%. Neither the fraction nor the rate of preservation of juvenile crust is related to the collision age nor to the duration of subduction. Regardless of the duration of subduction, the amount of juvenile crust preserved reaches a maximum of about 60%, and 37% of the volume of juvenile continental crust preserved between 2000 and 1000 Ma was produced in the Great Proterozoic Accretionary Orogen (GPAO. Pronounced minima occur in frequency of zircon ages of rocks preserved in the GPAO; with minima at 1600–1500 Ma in Laurentia; 1700–1600 Ma in Amazonia; and 1750–1700 Ma in Baltica. If these minima are due to subduction erosion and delamination as in the Andes in the last 250 Myr; approximately one third of the volume of the Laurentian part of the GPAO could have been recycled into the mantle between 1500 and 1250 Ma. This may have enriched the mantle wedge in incompatible elements and water leading to the production of felsic magmas responsible for the widespread granite-rhyolite province of this age. A rapid decrease in global Nd and in detrital zircon Hf model ages between about 1600 and 1250 Ma could reflect an increase in recycling rate of juvenile crust into the mantle; possibly in response to partial fragmentation of Nuna.

  18. Driving a Fishery along the Bumpy Ride of Today's Globalisation: The Case of the Australian Southern Rock Lobster Association

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dentoni, D.; Lu, J.; English, F.; McBride, R.

    2012-01-01

    The case of the Australian Southern Rock Lobster Association describes real issues faced by the Market Development Manager of a collective agri-food organization (SRL) representing all the southern rock lobster fishermen in Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania. The case deals with recent globaliza

  19. Body attitudes and self-representation in women with eating disorders. Research based on Edward Tory Higgins’ self-discrepancy theory [rozbieżności Ja – Edwarda Tory Higginsa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brytek-Matera, Anna

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The purpose was to evaluate the relationship between negative body-related attitudes and self-representation among patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa.Method. A sample of 33 female anorexic, 38 female bulimic and 40 female students without eating disorders participated in present study. We used The Figure Rating Scale (Stunkard et al., 1983 and the Body Attitude Test (Probst et al., 1995.Results. The results showed that there are statistically significant differences in the ideal self, the ought self, actual-ideal discrepancy, actual-ought discrepancy, negative appreciation of body size, lack of familiarity with one’s own body and general body dissatisfaction in the three examined groups. The results also indicate that the negative appreciation of body size and general body dissatisfaction are associated with actual-ideal discrepancy and actual-ought discrepancy in both groups of eating disordered patients.Conclusion. Anorexia and bulimia nervosa are related to self-discrepancies as well as negative body-related attitudes.

  20. Nonequilibrium phase transitions and bifurcations of limit cycles and tori- a new research topic for statistical mechanics mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the development of statistical mechanics we can more or less distinguish between two steps. First of all the main objective of statistical mechanics had been to give thermodynamics a solid theoretical basis starting from the microscopic world. The next step has then been performed in parallel with the development of irreversible thermodynamics dealing with processes close to thermal equilibrium. The problems dealt with here are mainly transport and relaxation processes. Over the past years it has become apparent that there is a third field, namely processes far away from thermal equilibrium. The particular interest in those processes stems from the fact that in such situations order can be generated on a macroscopic scale. The ordered states can be maintained by a flux of energy or matter through, these systems. In the realm of synergetjcs we have studied numerous examples and we now know that the occurrence of many of the ordered structures is governed by the same basic principles. (author)

  1. Star formation black hole growth and dusty tori in the most luminous AGNs at z=2-3.5

    CERN Document Server

    Netzer, Hagai; Nordon, Raanan; Trakhtenbrot, Benny; Lira, Paulina; Shemmer, Ohad

    2015-01-01

    We report herschel observations of 100 very luminous, optically selected AGNs at z=2-3.5 with log(LUV)(erg/sec)> 46.5, where LUV=L1350A. The distribution in LUV is similar to the general distribution of SDSS AGNs in this redshift and luminosity interval. We measured SF luminosity, LSF, and SFR in 34 detected sources by fitting combined SF and WISE-based torus templates. We also obtained statistically significant stacks for the undetected sources in two luminosity groups. The sample properties are compared with those of very luminous AGNs at z>4.5. The main findings are: 1) The mean and the median SFRs of the detected sources are 1176 and 1010 Msun/yr, respectively. The mean SFR of the undetected sources is 148 Msun/yr. The ratio of SFR to BH accretion rate is approximately 80 for the detected sources and less than 10 for the undetected sources. There is no difference in LAGN and only a very small difference in L(torus) between detected and undetected sources. 2) The redshift distribution of LSF and LAGN for t...

  2. Binomul distanţă - timp în transportul feroviar de călători

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu Gabriel Ghiţuleasa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Railways confronted substantial challenges through last years and made major progress in addressing them. Also, the European Commission identified some concrete priorities between 2011 and 2012, priorities that boost growth, including increasing investment in transport and infrastructures. Therefore, European Union transport policies aim at fostering a clean, safe and efficient travel throughout Europe, underpinning the right of citizens to travel freely throughout the EU. With arguments about access, competitivity, responsability, sustainability and security partly unresolved, this article presents that the concepts has been around for some time and has gradually been applied to existing railway transportation. We must see those rail services and infrastructure that there sits empty, slowly deteriorating in some EU member states, because railways brings us great benefits, but also great responsabilities.

  3. A relation between the right triangle and circular tori with constant mean curvature in the unit 3-sphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdênago Barros

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In this note we will show that the inverse image under the stereographic projection of a circular torus of revolution in the 3-dimensional euclidean space has constant mean curvature in the unit 3-sphere if and only if their radii are the catet and the hypotenuse of an appropriate right triangle.Neste artigo mostraremos que a imagem inversa pela projeção estereográfica de um toro circular de revolução no espaço euclidiano de dimensão 3 tem curvatura média constante se e somente se os seus raios são o cateto e a hipotenusa de um triângulo retângulo apropriado.

  4. Quiver matrix mechanics for IIB string theory II: generic dual tori, fractional matrix membrane and SL(2,Z) duality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Jian; Wu, Yong-Shi

    2005-02-01

    With the deconstruction technique, the geometric information of a torus can be encoded in a sequence of orbifolds. By studying the matrix theory on these orbifolds as quiver mechanics, we present a formulation that (de)constructs the torus of generic shape on which matrix theory is "compactified". The continuum limit of the quiver mechanics gives rise to a (1 + 2)-dimensional SYM. A hidden (fourth) dimension, that was introduced before in the matrix theory literature to argue for the electric-magnetic duality, can be easily identified in our formalism. We construct membrane wrapping states rigorously in terms of Dunford calculus in the context of matrix regularization. Unwanted degeneracy in the spectrum of the wrapping states is eliminated by using SL(2,Z) symmetry and the relations to the FD-string bound states. The dual IIB circle emerges in the continuum limit, constituting a critical evidence for IIB/M duality.

  5. Vybrané fyzikální parametry jako indikátory kvality půdy

    OpenAIRE

    KRATOCHVÍLOVÁ, Lucie

    2014-01-01

    In bachelor thesis "Selected physical parameters as indicators of soil quality" we aimed at soil physical properties in Luvi-HaplicChernozem (locality Praha-Ruzyně) and Haplic Cambisol (localities Vatín and Svárov). We followed texture, density, bulk density, porosity, micro and macro aggregates composition, and stability of aggregates. Also content and quality of soil humic substances was determined. Obtained results showed that there is a linear correlation between clay particles content an...

  6. Cost assessment of a generic magnetic fusion reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A generic reactor model is used to examine the economic viability of generating electricity by magnetic fusion. The simple model uses components that are representative of those used in previous reactor studies of deuterium-tritium-burning tokamaks, stellarators, bumpy tori, reversed-field pinches (RFPs), and tandem mirrors. Conservative costing assumptions are made. The generic reactor is not a tokamak; rather, it is intended to emphasize what is common to all magnetic fusion rectors. The reactor uses a superconducting toroidal coil set to produce the dominant magnetic field. To this extent, it is not as good an approximation to systems such as the RFP in which the main field is produced by a plasma current. The main output of the study is the cost of electricity as a function of the weight and size of the fusion core - blanket, shield, structure, and coils. The model shows that a 1200-MW(e) power plant with a fusion core weight of about 10,000 tonnes should be competitive in the future with fission and fossil plants. Studies of the sensitivity of the model to variations in the assumptions show that this result is not sensitively dependent on any given assumption. Of particular importance is the result that a fusion reactor of this scale may be realized with only moderate advances in physics and technology capabilities

  7. Analysis of the requirements for economic magnetic fusion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A generic reactor model is used to examine the economic viability of electricity generation by magnetic fusion. The simple model uses components which are representative of those used in previous reactor studies of deuterium-tritium burning tokamaks, stellarators, bumpy tori, reverse field pinches and tandem mirrors. Conservative costing assumptions are made. The generic reactor is not a tokamak but rather it is intended to emphasize what is common to all magnetic fusion reactors. The reactor uses a superconducting toroidal coil set to produce the dominant magnetic field. To this extent it is a less good approximation to systems, such as the reversed field pinch in which the main field is produced by a plasma current. The main output of the study is the cost of electricity as a function of the weight and size of the fusion core - blanket, shield, structure and coils. The model shows that a 1200 MW/sub e/ power plant with a fusion core weight of about 10,000 tonnes should be competitive in the future with fission and fossil plants. Sensitivity studies of varying the assumptions show that this result is not sensitively dependent on any given assumption. Of particular importance is the result that this scale of fusion reactor may be realized with only moderate advances in physics and technology capabilities. For a fusion-fission hybrid with a high support ratio for fission reactors, the fusion island is not such a critical driver as for electricity production. 19 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs

  8. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION DETAILS OF THE 7,4 TESLA SUPERCONDUCTING METASTABLE MAGNET FOR THE ELMO BUMPY TORUS PROOF-OF-PRINCIPLE PROGRAM

    OpenAIRE

    Ackerman, S; Kimmy, E.; Lieurance, D.; Mann, T.

    1984-01-01

    The critical nature of a superconducting magnet, operating in a metastable cooling mode at 7.4 T and at an overall winding current density of about 10,000 A/cm2 demands rigorous design treatment, controlled, high-quality parts construction, and superior wortananship. Details surrounding the design and testing of conductor splices, conductor and bobbin insulation, voltage taps for quench detection, cold mass supports, and dewar design will be discussed as they relate to fabrication and assembl...

  9. High-order schemes for non-ideal $3+1$ GRMHD: a study of the kinematic dynamo process in accretion tori

    CERN Document Server

    Del Zanna, L; Bucciantini, N

    2014-01-01

    We present the first astrophysical application of the ECHO code in its recent version supplemented by a generalized Ohm law, namely a kinematic study of dynamo effects in thick accretion disks. High-order \\emph{implicit-explicit} Runge-Kutta time-stepping routines are implemented and validated within $3+1$ \\emph{General Relativistic MagnetoHydroDynamics} (GRMHD). The scheme is applied to a differentially rotating torus orbiting a Kerr black hole, where the mean-field dynamo process leads to strong amplification of seed magnetic fields. We show that the interplay between the toroidal and poloidal components occurs qualitatively in the same fashion as in the Sun, butterfly diagrams are reproduced, and a typical time-scale for the field evolution is found, depending on the dynamo and resistivity numbers, which could explain periodicities as observed in several accreting systems.

  10. Dynamical playground of a higher-order cubic Ginzburg-Landau equation: From orbital connections and limit cycles to invariant tori and the onset of chaos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achilleos, V.; Bishop, A. R.; Diamantidis, S.; Frantzeskakis, D. J.; Horikis, T. P.; Karachalios, N. I.; Kevrekidis, P. G.

    2016-07-01

    The dynamical behavior of a higher-order cubic Ginzburg-Landau equation is found to include a wide range of scenarios due to the interplay of higher-order physically relevant terms. We find that the competition between the third-order dispersion and stimulated Raman scattering effects gives rise to rich dynamics: this extends from Poincaré-Bendixson-type scenarios, in the sense that bounded solutions may converge either to distinct equilibria via orbital connections or to space-time periodic solutions, to the emergence of almost periodic and chaotic behavior. One of our main results is that third-order dispersion has a dominant role in the development of such complex dynamics, since it can be chiefly responsible (even in the absence of other higher-order effects) for the existence of periodic, quasiperiodic, and chaotic spatiotemporal structures. Suitable low-dimensional phase-space diagnostics are devised and used to illustrate the different possibilities and identify their respective parametric intervals over multiple parameters of the model.

  11. Postojové konektory/operátory: kontrastivní analýza vybraného vzorku textů

    OpenAIRE

    BROŽOVÁ, Kristýna

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this Master´s thesis is the contrastive analysis of discourse markers on a selected type of texts in Spanish and Czech language. The thesis is divided in two parts theoretical and practical part. Firstly, in the theoretical part of the thesis, is introduced the textual linguistic the field which studies discourse markers. For wholeness, are briefly mentioned all of the seven standards of textuality with profound focus on textual coherence. Other part of the thesis aims on terminolo...

  12. Immunomodulation and Nigerian mistletoe immunomodula-tory activities of n-hexane and methanol extracts of Loran-thus micranthus Linn.parasitic on Parkia biglobosa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    EOOmeje; POOsadebe; FBCOkoyea; AKAgwu; COEsimone

    2008-01-01

    Loranthus micranthus is the species of mistletoe peculiar to the eastern province of Nigeria.It has been shown to possess anti-diabetic,antimotility,antimicrobial and antihypertensive activities which are host-tree depend-ent.The antimicrobial activity was found to vary with the season during which the plant was harvested.We are of the opinion that this species should possess immunomodulating potentials as have been reported for the Euro-pean species,Viscum album.In our efforts to establish the bio-activities and active principles in our local mis-tletoe,the immunomodulatory activity of n-hexane and methanol extracts from Loranthus micranthus parasitic on Persea americana was assessed at three dose levels ranging from 100 to 400 mg/kg body weight using de-layed type hypersensitivity reaction (DTHR)and cyclophosphamide-induced myelosuppression models in mice.This was compared with responses from a standard immunostimulatory drug,levamisole.Preliminary phytochemical analysis of the plant showed the presence of tannins,flavonoids,alkaloids,terpenoids,carbo-hydrates and saponins.Regression analysis indicated a dose-dependent response relationship in the parameters measured with over 170 % increase for both extracts at the highest dose level.The one way ANOVA test showed significant variation in the parameters between the controls and the different dose levels.However,at 95 % confidence level,(P <0.05),there was no statistically significant difference between the two extracts, an indication that the active immunomodulant(s)could be both in the polar and non-polar crude extract.In conclusion,the present results have established some immune stimulating actions of the Eastern Nigeria mistle-toe,Loranthus micranthus thus indicating that this variant of the semi parasitic plant holds a strong promise as an immunostimulatory candidate.There is therefore,a basis for further detailed investigation on the fractions and specific constituents.Thus,these extracts from Loranthus micranthus possess pronounced immune stimula-ting action comparable to Levamisole in mouse-based models.

  13. X-ray Spectral Model of Reprocessing by Smooth and Clumpy Molecular Tori in Active Galactic Nuclei with the MONACO framework

    CERN Document Server

    Furui, Shun'ya; Odaka, Hirokazu; Kawaguchi, Toshihiro; Ohno, Masanori; Hayashi, Kazuma

    2016-01-01

    We construct an X-ray spectral model of reprocessing by a torus in an active galactic nucleus (AGN) with a Monte Carlo simulation framework MONACO. Two torus geometries of smooth and clumpy cases are considered and compared. In order to reproduce a Compton shoulder accurately, MONACO includes not only free electron scattering but also bound electron scattering. Raman and Reyleigh scattering are also treated, and scattering cross sections dependent on chemical states of hydrogen and helium are included. Doppler broadening by turbulence velocity can be implemented. Our model gives consistent results with other available models, such as MYTorus, except for differences due to different physical parameters and assumptions. We studied the dependence on torus parameters for Compton shoulder, and found that a intensity ratio of Compton shoulder to line core mainly depends on the column density, inclination angle, and metal abundance. For instance, an increase of metal abundance makes the Compton shoulder relatively w...

  14. Dynamical playground of a higher-order cubic Ginzburg-Landau equation: From orbital connections and limit cycles to invariant tori and the onset of chaos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achilleos, V; Bishop, A R; Diamantidis, S; Frantzeskakis, D J; Horikis, T P; Karachalios, N I; Kevrekidis, P G

    2016-07-01

    The dynamical behavior of a higher-order cubic Ginzburg-Landau equation is found to include a wide range of scenarios due to the interplay of higher-order physically relevant terms. We find that the competition between the third-order dispersion and stimulated Raman scattering effects gives rise to rich dynamics: this extends from Poincaré-Bendixson-type scenarios, in the sense that bounded solutions may converge either to distinct equilibria via orbital connections or to space-time periodic solutions, to the emergence of almost periodic and chaotic behavior. One of our main results is that third-order dispersion has a dominant role in the development of such complex dynamics, since it can be chiefly responsible (even in the absence of other higher-order effects) for the existence of periodic, quasiperiodic, and chaotic spatiotemporal structures. Suitable low-dimensional phase-space diagnostics are devised and used to illustrate the different possibilities and identify their respective parametric intervals over multiple parameters of the model.

  15. The News International phone-hacking saga threatens to retoxify the Tory brand. Cameron needs to be ruthless to save his reputation

    OpenAIRE

    Leunig, Tim

    2011-01-01

    David Cameron’s closeness to the News International elite and his hiring of Andy Coulson have posed real and serious problems for the PM as the phone-hacking story continues to unfold. Tim Leunig argues that Cameron needs match Rupert Murdoch’s ruthlessness in taking on the media giant and preventing the scandal from retoxifying the Conservative Party.

  16. Phono-somatics: gender, embodiment and voice in the recorded music of Tori Amos, Björk and PJ Harvey

    OpenAIRE

    Boak, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    This thesis is a feminist enquiry into the relationship between gender, embodiment and voice in recorded popular music post-1990. In particular, the study focuses on the term ‘embodiment’ and defines this term in a way that moves forward from a simple understanding of representing the body in music. The expression of embodied subjectivity through the voice is crucial to this interpretation, and therefore is the central concern of this thesis. I describe this relationship between embodiment an...

  17. Ana's Story: How She and Her Family Learned about Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... tory How she and her family learned about sports injuries. This booklet is not copyrighted. You can make ... tory How she and her family learned about sports injuries. Juan Néstor Elena Isabel Carlos 1 2 3 ...

  18. Kuula / Erik Morna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Morna, Erik, 1969-

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Tori Amos "Tales Of A Librarian: A Tori Amos Collection", Madonna "Remixed & Revisited", No Doubt "The Singles 1992-2003", Basement Jaxx "Kish Kash", Erykah Badu "Worldwide Underground"

  19. Kláštory klarisiek v Uhorsku – alternatíva spoločenského uplatnenia šľachtických žien v ranom novoveku

    OpenAIRE

    Kušniráková, Ingrid

    2010-01-01

    The cloisters of the Poor Clares were an alternative to matrimonial life for girls from the higher social strata. Many of them lived in the cloister from early childhood and became nuns mainly at the behest of their parents. The cloistral life restricted them from making social and family contacts; on the other hand it offered some of them the opportunity for self-realization. Abbesses had the possibility to govern the community of women, to manage large properties, and command employees and ...

  20. Manažerské simulátory pro podporu strategického rozhodování v malých a středních firmách

    OpenAIRE

    Beer, Daniela

    2005-01-01

    Small companies can more flexible react to the present economic crise on one side, but on the other side they are very influenced by unpredictability and continous external factor changes From that reason the current economic crise can contribute to the development of various managerial simulation enabling better support in the company decision making. This new condition and rules "rebuilding" without question means also the creation of new opportunity. The decision making should be supported...

  1. Effect of Chiropractic in the treatment of children with recurrent respira-tory tract infections%捏脊疗法治疗小儿反复呼吸道感染的效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王波; 吕静

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察小儿反复呼吸道感染经捏脊疗法治疗的临床效果,为临床今后治疗提供参考。方法选择2014年2月~2015年2月中国中医科学院附属广安门医院收治的67例反复呼吸道感染患儿作为研究对象,根据不同治疗方法将其分为捏脊组35例,常规组32例。常规组予以常规药物治疗,捏脊组在常规组基础上结合捏脊疗法。比较两组患儿疗效。结果捏脊组总有效率为97.1%,高于常规组的81.3%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);捏脊组发病次数改善率为85.7%,高于常规组(46.8%),差异有高度统计学意义(P<0.01);捏脊组平均病程改善率为77.1%,高于常规组的37.5%,差异有高度统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论捏脊疗法能提高小儿反复性呼吸道感染的临床疗效,且无创、安全、操作简便,患儿更易接受,值得临床应用和进一步研究。%Objective To observe the clinical effect of chiropractic therapy on children with recurrent respiratory tract infection, and provide reference for clinical treatment in the future. Methods From February 2014 to February 2015, 67 cases of children with recurrent respiratory tract infection who were treated in Guang'anmen Hospital, China Acade-my of Chinese Medical Sciences as the research object, according to the different treatment methods they were divided into the chiropractic group (35 cases) and conventional group (32 cases). Children of the conventional group were treat-ed with routine therapy, and children of the chiropractic group were given chiropractic therapy on the basis of conven-tional group. Curative effect of two groups was compared. Results The total effective rate of the chiropractic group was 97.1%, higher than the conventional group (81.3%), the difference was statistically significant (P< 0.05); the improve-ment rate of chiropractic group was 85.7%, higher than the conventional group (46.8%), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01);the improvement rate of mean duration in the chiropractic group the was 77.1%, higher than the conventional group (37.5%), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). Conclusion Chiropractic therapy can improve the clinical efficacy in children with recurrent respiratory tract infection, noninvasive, safe, easy to operate, children are more likely to accept, is worthy of clinical application and further study.

  2. Kompozitní elektrodové materiály pro lithium-iontové akumulátory na bázi LiFePO4

    OpenAIRE

    Vilhelm, Ondřej

    2011-01-01

    Předložená práce se zabývá studiem problematiky sekundárních Li-ion článků a různých dostupných katodových materiálů. Připravili jsme vzorky LiFePO4 s přidáním různých druhů uhlíkových materiálů jako je Super P, vulcan a expandovaný grafit. Vytvořili jsme vždy vzorek s a bez použití surfaktantu. Vytvořené vzorky jsme porovnali měřícími elektrochemickými metodami (cyklická voltametrie, nabíjecí vybíjecí cykly a impedanční spektroskopie). Dále jsme namodelovali tříbodovou elektrochemickou celu ...

  3. 英国保守派认为:综合诊所将威胁1700个全科诊所的生存%Tories say polyclinics threaten 1700 practices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lynn Eaton; 苏丹

    2008-01-01

    英国反对党领袖David Cameron说:“综合诊所可能将会使1000多个伦敦诊所关门大吉,这个数量超过了首都诊所总数的3/4,同时它还可能使英格兰其他地区600多个诊所倒闭。”

  4. Nástroje sponzoringu a jejich efektivní využití se zaměřením na mobilní operátory

    OpenAIRE

    Vychytilová, Markéta

    2007-01-01

    Práce se zabývá poměrně mladým nástrojem marketingové komunikace - sponzoringem. V teoretické části je nejprve podrobně popsán samotný sponzoring a jeho právní úprava. Následně jsou vymezeny jednotlivé typy sponzoringu včetně jejich výhod a nevýhod použití. Z různých druhů sponzoringu práce vymezuje mediální sponzoring; sportovní / sociální sponzoring, ambush marketing, branded entertainment, filmový sponzoring a celebrity ve sponzoringu. V závěru teoretické části je přiblíženo a nastíněno po...

  5. CĂLĂTORI ÎN MARELE SPAŢIU AL GLOBALIZĂRII – FENOMENUL MIGRAŢIEI ŞI IMPLICAŢIILE SALE LA NIVELUL FAMILIEI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea ARSENE

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Globalization process has determined a lot of changes at an individual level. These changes arereflected in the modern family profile, which creates individuals able to accomplish the goal ofglobalization. Thus, young people from the Romanian society, take as a goal, the opportunity ofliving the country, during or after they finish their studies, for studying or for working in Westerncountries. This paper tries to analyze the migration of population phenomenon, from economicunstable areas to economic economic stable areas, and, also, the impact of this phenomenon ontheir families.

  6. Optimalizace výrobního procesu s tříosými manipulátory Güdel na lince tepelného zpracování

    OpenAIRE

    Zich, Jozef

    2013-01-01

    Diplomová práca vznikla na žiadosť firmy ICE industrial services zabezpečujúcej firme Alcan Strojmetal Aluminium Forging, s.r.o., správu a vývoj software pre PLC. Cieľom práce bolo analyzovať softvare riadenia linky tepelného spracovania hliníkových výkovkov. Následne navrhnúť a realizovať úpravy v software riadenia. Tieto funkcie overiť. A nakoniec pripísať možnosti ovládania do návodu pre obsluhu linky.

  7. David Willetts’ blaming of feminism for male working class unemployment reveals the inner workings of the Tory mind: a hatred of the agency of women and the suspicion of progressive movements

    OpenAIRE

    Evans, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Last Friday, the universities Minister David Willetts commented that women’s progress in the workplace has prevented working class men from attaining well-paid jobs, saying that “Feminism trumped egalitarianism”. Mary Evans critically unpacks these comments and says that not only are they ignorant and prejudiced, but they also show the deep suspicion of Conservatives to progressive movements.

  8. Electron microscopic observations of hydrogen implantation in ilmenites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanford, G. E.

    1983-01-01

    Hydrogen ion beams were found to form submicrometer, bumpy textures on the surface of ilmenite grains. From this effect, it is believed that similar bumpy textures seen on lunar ilmenite, pyroxene, and olivine grains are likely to be caused by solar wind irradiation. As a consequence, the concentration of bumpy textured grains may be a useful index of surface maturity for lunar soils. An attempt was made to search for grains with these bumpy textures in interplanetary dust and lunar and meteoritic regolith breccias in order to obtain information about the duration of their exposure to the solar wind. Solar wind irradiation was simulated on natural, terrestrial ilmenite. Hydrogen ion beams were directed at small grains and polished sections which were then examined by electron microscopy.

  9. Final technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richman, M.

    1996-08-01

    Granular flows of nearly elastic, identical spheres down bumpy inclines are described. A numerical technique is developed to overcome the difficulties associated with the ill-defined `tops` of these flows.

  10. KAM theory : The legacy of Kolmogorov's 1954 paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broer, Henk W.

    2004-01-01

    Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser (or KAM) theory was developed for conservative dynamical systems that are nearly integrable. Integrable systems in their phase space usually contain lots of invariant tori, and KAM theory establishes persistence results for such tori, which carry quasi-periodic motions. We sk

  11. Strengthening the implementation of Health in All Policies:A methodology for realist explana-tory case studies%加强"将健康融入所有政策"的实施:基于现实主义的解释性案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ketan Shank ardass; Emilie Renahy; Carles Muntaner; Patricia O'Campo

    2015-01-01

    To address macro-social and economic determinants of health and equity, there has been growing use of intersectoral action by governments around the world. Health in All Policies ( HiAP) initiatives are a special case where governments use cross-sectoral structures and relationships to systematically address health in policymaking by targeting broad health determinants rather than health services alone. Although many examples of HiAP have e-merged in recent decades, the reasons for their successful implementation-and for implementation failures-have not been systematically studied. Consequently, rigorous evidence based on systematic research of the social mechanisms that have regularly enabled or hindered implementation in different jurisdictions is sparse. We describe a novel meth-odology for explanatory case studies that use a scientific realist perspective to study the implementation of HiAP. Our methodology begins with the formulation of a conceptual framework to describe contexts, social mechanisms and out-comes of relevance to the sustainable implementation of HiAP. We then describe the process of systematically explai-ning phenomena of interest using evidence from literature and key informant interviews, and looking for patterns and themes. Finally, we present a comparative example of how Health Impact Assessment tools have been utilized in Swe-den and Quebec to illustrate how this methodology uses evidence to first describe successful practices for implementa-tion of HiAP and then refine the initial framework. The methodology that we describe helps researchers to identify and triangulate rich evidence describing social mechanisms and salient contextual factors that characterize successful prac-tices in implementing HiAP in specific jurisdictions. This methodology can be applied to study the implementation of HiAP and other forms of intersectoral action to reduce health inequities involving multiple geographic levels of govern-ment in diverse settings.%目前,世界各国普遍采取跨部门行动解决健康的宏观社会和经济决定因素. "将健康融入所有政策( HiAP)"是各国采取跨部门行动的策略之一,它以广义的健康决定因素而非单纯的卫生服务为目标,在决策过程中系统解决健康问题. 近几十年来出现了很多关于HiAP的案例,但这些案例成功或失败的原因并未得到系统的研究,这就导致以证据为基础的有关促进或阻碍HiAP策略实施的相关因素的研究较少. 本文基于现实主义视角,采用解释性案例研究,分析了不同地区HiAP策略的实施情况. 本研究在提出概念性框架的基础上,分析了与HiAP可持续实施有关的背景、社会机制及结果,并利用相关文献以及从关键知情人访谈中得到的证据,寻找相关的模式和主题对现象加以解释. 最后,通过对瑞典和加拿大魁北克实施卫生影响力评估的情况进行比较,揭示了HiAP成功实施的经验. 此方法能够帮助研究者对某一地区内成功实施HiAP的社会机制和背景因素的大量证据信息加以审核并做三角测量,还可用于分析其他形式的部门间行动,以减少不同背景、不同地区之间的卫生不公平性现象.

  12. 止痒洗剂联合妇炎消生物敷料栓治疗妊娠合并外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病的临床观察%Clinical observation on the effect of anti -itching lotion combined with Fuyanxiao biological dressing supposi-tory in treatment of pregnancy and vulvovaginal candidiasis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康玉惠

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察止痒洗剂联合妇炎消生物敷料栓治疗妊娠合并外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病(VVC)的临床疗效及复发率。方法选择妊娠合并 VVC 患者236例,将患者以随机数字表法分为两组:治疗组、对照组,各118例。治疗组采用止痒洗剂联合妇炎消生物敷料栓治疗,对照组单独采用妇炎消生物敷料栓治疗,疗程结束后比较两组的临床疗效及复发率。结果治疗组治愈率90.68%,高于对照组的57.62(χ2=10.731,P <0.01);治疗组复发率3.39%,低于对照组的13.56%,差异有统计学意义(χ2=10.733,P <0.05)。结论止痒洗剂联合妇炎消生物敷料栓治疗妊娠合并 VVC 可有效改善患者的临床症状,降低复发率。%Objective To observe the effect of antipruritic lotion combined Fuyanxiao with biological dress-ing suppository in the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis in pregnancy(VVC)the clinical curative effect and the recurrence rate.Methods 236 patients with pregnancy complicated with VVC,would be in community were randomly divided into the two groups:combination treatment group,single drug group,118 cases in each.Combination therapy using antipruritic lotion combined Fuyanxiao biological dressing suppository combined treatment,the control group was treated by Fuyanxiao biological dressing suppository treatment,two groups of clinical efficacy and recurrence rate after the end of treatment were compared.Results The cure rate in the combined treatment group was 90.68%,which was higher than 57.62 % in the control group(χ2 =10.731,P <0.01);The recurrence rate in the combined treatment group was 3.39%,which was lower than 13.56% in the control group(χ2 =10.733,P <0.05).Conclusion The antipruritic lotion combined Fuyanxiao biological dressing suppository in the treatment of pregnancy with VVC can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of patients,reduce the recurrence rate.

  13. Partial Dynamical Symmetry and Mixed Dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Leviatan, A

    1996-01-01

    Partial dynamical symmetry describes a situation in which some eigenstates have a symmetry which the quantum Hamiltonian does not share. This property is shown to have a classical analogue in which some tori in phase space are associated with a symmetry which the classical Hamiltonian does not share. A local analysis in the vicinity of these special tori reveals a neighbourhood of phase space foliated by tori. This clarifies the suppression of classical chaos associated with partial dynamical symmetry. The results are used to divide the states of a mixed system into ``chaotic'' and ``regular'' classes.

  14. A KAM-type Theorem for Generalized Hamiltonian Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU BAI-FENG; ZHU WEN-ZHUANG; XU LE-SHUN; Li Yong

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we mainly concern the persistence of lower-dimensional invariant tori in generalized Hamiltonian systems. Here the generalized Hamiltonian systems refer to the systems which may admit a distinct number of action and angle variables. In particular, system under consideration can be odd dimensional. Under the Riissmann type non-degenerate condition, we proved that the majority of the lower-dimension invariant tori of the integrable systems in generalized Hamiltonian system are persistent under small perturbation. The surviving lower-dimensionai tori might be elliptic, hyperbolic, or of mixed type.

  15. Annual progress on DoE Grant for Nonlinear and Nonideal MHD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The primary efforts this year have focused on exploring the nonlinear evolution of localized interchange instabilities, some extensions of neoclassical tearing mode theory, and developing a model for the dynamic electrical conductivity in a bumpy cylinder magnetic field. In addition, we have vigorously participated in the computationally-focused NIMROD and CEMM projects

  16. Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 3, May-June 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    "Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) The Road to School Improvement: It's Hard, It's Bumpy, and It Takes as Long as It Takes (Richard F. Elmore and Elizabeth A. City); (2) Better Teaching with Web Tools: How…

  17. The Development of a New Doctoral Degree Program to Serve an Adult Audience: Georgetown University

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Callaghan, Phyllis

    2011-01-01

    The road to a new degree program is rarely smooth. The author describes the lengthy and bumpy path to the successful creation of and approval for the first nontraditional doctorate offered at Georgetown University, the Doctor of Liberal Studies Degree (DLS). The new Doctor in Liberal Studies (DLS) required applicants to have a master's degree or…

  18. RAYS: a geometrical optics code for EBT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The theory, structure, and operation of the code are described. Mathematical details of equilibrium subroutiones for slab, bumpy torus, and tokamak plasma geometry are presented. Wave dispersion and absorption subroutines are presented for frequencies ranging from ion cyclotron frequency to electron cyclotron frequency. Graphics postprocessors for RAYS output data are also described

  19. Issues Confront the Macroeconomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This year,China’s macroeconomy will face several particular questions:What will China do to restructure its economy and transform its growth model? Will the ongoing recovery be as bumpy as last year? Will soaring housing prices be successfully checked? Will the inflation rate become lower in the second half than the first as expected?

  20. CAMAC based inter-compter communications system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have used CAMAC hardware to provide communications between dissimilar computers for the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) experiment. The software supports file and individual message transfers. The system has proven to be both reliable and fast, with transmission rates of about 36,000 baud

  1. Ultrastructural assessment of cellulite morphology: clues to a therapeutic strategy?

    OpenAIRE

    Omi, Tokuya; Sato, Shigeru; Kawana, Seiji

    2013-01-01

    Introduction and Aims: Cellulite is a problematic condition affecting mostly women, characterized by a bumpy or nodular skin surface. Recent approaches with laser treatment have offered some promise. The present study sought to identify possible targets for laser treatment or light therapy through an ultrastructural investigation of the condition.

  2. View from 30,000 Feet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freifeld, Lorri

    2012-01-01

    Orchestrating a smooth training transition during a merger or acquisition is never easy. When Delta Air Lines absorbed Northwest Airlines Corp. in 2008, the Training function realized it was in for a bumpy ride. This article looks at the strategies used and progress made since the takeover was announced.

  3. CAMAC based inter-compter communications system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greenwood, D.E.; Burris, R.D.; Young, K.G.

    1981-10-01

    We have used CAMAC hardware to provide communications between dissimilar computers for the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) experiment. The software supports file and individual message transfers. The system has proven to be both reliable and fast, with transmission rates of about 36,000 baud.

  4. Variation in blade morphology of the kelp Eisenia arborea : incipient speciation due to local water motion?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roberson, LM; Coyer, JA

    2004-01-01

    The southern sea palm kelp Eisenia arborea produces wide, bullate (bumpy) blades in low-flow areas, whereas in adjacent high-flow areas blades are flat and narrow. Here we determine if morphological differences in these 2 closely associated populations are correlated with physical factors in the env

  5. EBT-P project status report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Elmo Bumpy Torus Report describes the status of the EBT-P Project in September 1983 after phasedown of the Title II design effort. The report is intended to be a principle source of guidance in the event of a decision to resume work on the project

  6. Economic Outlook for 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    David; Dollar; Khalid; Malik

    2009-01-01

    In the wake of the bumpy ride in 2008, where will the Chinese economy go in the midst of the global financial turmoil, and how will it fend off the devastating effects of an international economic recession? Beijing Review interviewed 10 economists and experts to get their insights about China’s economic prospects this year.

  7. Tea-Producer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    CHEN Shuiyue is a tea producer in Shengzhou, Zhejiang Province, the biggest tea production and export base in China. One day last September, accompanied by two staff members from the local women’s federation, I visited Chen Shuiyue’s holne. Traveling along a bumpy road, we arrived at Yingguiyan Village, in Chongren County,

  8. RAYS: a geometrical optics code for EBT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Batchelor, D.B.; Goldfinger, R.C.

    1982-04-01

    The theory, structure, and operation of the code are described. Mathematical details of equilibrium subroutiones for slab, bumpy torus, and tokamak plasma geometry are presented. Wave dispersion and absorption subroutines are presented for frequencies ranging from ion cyclotron frequency to electron cyclotron frequency. Graphics postprocessors for RAYS output data are also described.

  9. An evaluation of known remaining oil resources in the United States. Appendix, Project on Advanced Oil Recovery and the States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-10-01

    This volume contains appendices for the following: Overview of improved oil recovery methods (enhanced oil recovery methods and advanced secondary recovery methods); Benefits of improved oil recovery, selected data for the analyzed states; and List of TORIS fields and reservoirs.

  10. Plaadid / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest "30 Seconds To Mars", E-Rotic "Sexual Healing", Mandarava & Buchert "Feng Shui", Vanessa Mae "The Best Of", Leann Rimes "Twisted Angel" Xzibit "Man vs Mashine", India. Airie "Voyage To India", Tori Amos "Scarlet Walk"

  11. Plaadid / Jüri F. Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Jüri F.

    2004-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Lil Jon & The East Side Boys "Kings of Crunk", Tori Amos "Tales Of A librarian", rebekka Bakken "The Art Of How To Fall", Slow Train Soul "Illegal Cargo", Marcos Valle "Contrasts", The beatles "Let It Be...Naked"

  12. Christmas Chill

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    For numerous Chinese exporters, this year’s Christmas season means more despair than cheerWandering through his toy fac- tory in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, Lin Zhanpeng barks orders as a few workers move around machines

  13. Siidii / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: "Careful What You Wish For", Sophie Ellis Bextor "Shoot From The Hip", Josh Groban "Closer", Tori Amos "Tales Of Librarian", Enigma "Voyageur", Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor, dirigent Paul Hillier "The Powers Of Heaven"

  14. Sealaudast noobliks saunaks / Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2010-01-01

    Veera ja Pauli Kase Tori vallas asuva kodu maakivist majapooles paiknev muljetavaldav saun koos kahe külalistetoaga on ümber ehitatud endisaegsest loomalaudast. Saun üllatab vooklevate vormide ning algupäraste materjalide eksponeerimisega

  15. Kool kutsub sauna, lõunatama, surfama, sportima / Silvi Kanošina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kanošina, Silvi

    2007-01-01

    Selja Algkooli, Koonga Põhikooli, Paikuse Põhikooli, Tihemetsa põhikooli, Kergu Põhikooli, Tõstamaa Keskkooli, Häädemeeste Keskkooli, Tori Põhikooli, Vahenurme Lasteaed-Algkooli ja Aruvälja Lasteaed-Algkooli mitmekesisest tegevusest

  16. Drug: D00244 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available methasone (JP16/USP/INN) Betamethasone D00244 Betamethasone (JP16/USP/INN) Betamethasone D00244 Betamethasone (JP16/USP/INN) Inflamma...tory Bowel Disease Agents Glucocorticoids Betamethasone

  17. Packing of charged chains on toroidal geometries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Zhenwei; de la Cruz, Monica Olvera

    2013-01-01

    We study a strongly adsorbed flexible polyelectrolyte chain on tori. In this generalized Thomson problem, the patterns of the adsorbed chain are analyzed in the space of the toroidal coordinates and in terms of the orientation of each chain segment. Various patterns are found, including double spirals, disclination-like structures, Janus tori, and uniform wrappings, arising from the long-range electrostatic interaction and the toroidal geometry. Their broken mirror symmetry is quantitatively characterized by introducing an order parameter, an integral of the torsion. The uniform packing, which breaks the mirror symmetry the least, has the lowest value of the order parameter. In addition, it is found that the electrostatic energy of confined chains on tori conforms to a power law regardless of the screening effect in some typical cases studied. Furthermore, we study random walks on tori that generate chain configurations in the large screening limit or at large thermal fluctuation; some features associated with the toroidal geometry are discussed.

  18. Tõnu Kaalep kuulab plaate,mille autoriks on naised / Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-

    2001-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Tori Amos "Strange Little Girls", Suzanne Vega "Songs in Red and Gray", Tracy Chapman "Collection", Sandy Dillon & Hector Zazou "12 (Las Vegas is Cursed)", Anja Garbarek "Smiling & Waving"

  19. Torus bifurcations in multilevel converter systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhusubaliyev, Zhanybai T.; Mosekilde, Erik; Yanochkina, Olga O.

    2011-01-01

    This paper considers the processes of torus formation and reconstruction through smooth and nonsmooth bifurcations in a pulse-width modulated DC/DC converter with multilevel control. When operating in a regime of high corrector gain, converters of this type can generate structures of stable tori....... The paper also demonstrates how pairs of attracting and repelling tori emerge through border-collision torus-birth and border-collision torus-fold bifurcations. © 2011 World Scientific Publishing Company....

  20. Jak ovlivnit spotřebitele na trhu IT a telekomunikací?

    OpenAIRE

    Němečková, Klára

    2006-01-01

    Práce ukazující stav trhu telekomunikací a informačních technologií v ČR, operátory, jejich služby. Hodnotí operátory z pohledu spotřebitele a ukazují co spotřebitel chce a nechce na konkrétním trhu.

  1. Advances in the therapeutic use of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors in dermatology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogel, Alexander L; Hill, Sharleen; Teng, Joyce M C

    2015-05-01

    Significant developments in the use of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors (mTORIs) as immunosuppressant and antiproliferative agents have been made. Recent advances in the understanding of the mTOR signaling pathway and its downstream effects on tumorigenesis and vascular proliferation have broadened the clinical applications of mTORIs in many challenging disorders such as tuberous sclerosis complex, pachyonychia congenita, complex vascular anomalies, and inflammatory dermatoses. Systemic mTORI therapy has shown benefits in these areas, but is associated with significant side effects that sometimes necessitate drug holidays. To mitigate the side effects of systemic mTORIs for dermatologic applications, preliminary work to assess the potential of percutaneous therapy has been performed, and the evidence suggests that percutaneous delivery of mTORIs may allow for effective long-term therapy while avoiding systemic toxicities. Additional large placebo-controlled, double-blinded, randomized studies are needed to assess the efficacy, safety, duration, and tolerability of topical treatments. The objective of this review is to provide updated information on the novel use of mTORIs in the management of many cutaneous disorders. PMID:25769191

  2. 瑞舒伐他汀对急性心肌梗死患者行择期 PCI术后外周血 TLR 4表达及炎性因子的影响%Effects of rosuvastatin on Toll-like receptor 4 expression in peripheral blood monouclear cell and on inflamma tory factor in patients with acute myocardial infarction after selective percutaneous coronary intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路妍; 张建华

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察急性心肌梗死患者行择期经皮冠状动脉介入治疗(PCI)术后外周血单核细胞Toll样受体4( TLR4)表达变化,同时观察瑞舒伐他汀强化治疗对TLR4及炎性因子的影响。方法选取急性心肌梗死患者90例为病例组。同期进行健康体检的正常人70例为对照。采用Real time-PCR和Western blot测定外周血单核细胞TLR4 mRNA和蛋白表达。采用Gensini评分判定冠脉病变严重程度。病例组随机分为治疗A组和治疗B组,每组45例,2组均接受常规治疗,治疗B组在常规治疗基础上于PCI术前7 d给予口服瑞舒伐他汀10 mg/d。观察2组术前、术后7 d左心室射血分数( LVEF)、左心室收缩末期内径( LVESD)、左心室舒张末期内径( LVEDD)、TLR4 mRNA和蛋白表达及hs-CRP、TNF-α、IL-6水平变化。结果(1)对照组比较,病例组外周血单核细胞TLR4mRNA和蛋白表达显著升高,差异有统计学意义( P <0.05)。且随着冠脉病变严重程度增加,外周血单核细胞TLR4 mRNA和蛋白表达逐渐升高,差异有统计学意义( P <0.05)。相关性分析显示,外周血单核细胞TLR4 mRNA和蛋白表达与冠脉病变严重程度具有正相关性( P <0.05)。(2)病例组治疗后与术前比较,术后7 d治疗A组和治疗B组LVEF均显著升高,差异有统计学意义( P <0.05),且治疗B组显著高于同期治疗A组( P <0.05)。术后7 d治疗A组和治疗B组LVESD、LVEDD、TLR4 mRNA和蛋白表达、hs-CRP、TNF-α、IL-6水平均显著降低,差异有统计学意义( P <0.05),且治疗B组显著低于同期治疗A组( P <0.05),差异有统计学意义( P <0.05)。结论急性心肌梗死患者行择期PCI术前短期应用瑞舒伐他汀能够显著改善心功能,其机制与抑制TLR4炎症信号通路激活有关。%Objective To observe the change of Toll-like receptor 4 ( TLR4) in acute myocardial infarction ( AMI) patients undergoing selective percutaneous coronary intervention ( PCI ) and to investigate the effects of rosuvastatin on Toll-like receptor 4 expression in peripheral blood monouclear cell and on inflammatory factor.Methods A total of 90 patients with AMI treated by PCI were enrolled in the study .Meanwhile 70healthy subjects were served as control group .Real time-PCR and Western Blot were used to detect the expression levels of TLR 4 mRNA and protein.Gensini score was used to evaluate the severity of coronary artery lesions .The 90patients were randomly divided into two groups :group A and group B, with 45 patients in each group.The patients in both groups received routine therapy ,however,the patients in group B,on the basis of routine therapy, were given orally rosuvastatin (10 mg/d) on 7 days before PCI.The changes of LVEF, LVESD, LVEDD, TLR4 mRNA and protein, hs-CRP, TNF-α, IL-6 were detected before surgery and on 7d after surgery.Results As compared with those in control group,the expression levels of TLR4 mRNA and protein were significantly increased in patients with AMI ( P <0.05).Moreover the expression levels of TLR4 mRNA and protein were gradually increased,with the increasing of severity of coronary lesions ( P <0.05).The correlation analysis showed that the expression levels of TLR4 mRNA and protein were positively correlated to the severity of coronary lesions ( P <0.05).As compared with that before therapy,LVEF in both treatemt groups were significantly increased on 7d after PCI ( P <0.05) ,furthermore, LVEF in group B was significantly higher than that in group A ( P <0.05 ) .The levels of LVESD, LVEDD, TLR4 mRNA and protein, hs-CRP, TNF-α, IL-6 in both treatment groups were significantly decereased on 7d after PCI,as compared with those before surgery ( P <0.05),moreover, which in group B were significantly lower than those in group A ( P <0.05).C onclusion The short-term application of rosuvastatin before elective PCI surgery in patients with AMI can obviously improve patient’ s cardiac funct

  3. On the Construction of "Emotional Intelligence" Dormi-tory Culture and the Promotion of Students' Comprehen-sive Psychological Quality:Taking Qingdao Harbour Vo-cational and Technical College for an Example%“情商型”宿舍文化建设与学生心理素质提升研究--以青岛港湾职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马桂兰

    2016-01-01

    "Emotional intelligence"dormitory culture emphasizes dormitory culture's mental health education function, emphasizes the dormitory culture's influence on the students' psychological quality. The article discussed the connotation and construction approaches of"emotional intelligence"dormitory culture's mental health approaches, investigated some students' psychological quality before and after the construction of psychological health culture of dormitory.%“情商型”宿舍文化强调宿舍文化的心理健康教育功能,强调宿舍文化对同学提高心理素质的影响。文章探讨了“情商型”宿舍心理健康文化的内涵与建设途径,调查了部分宿舍的同学在宿舍文化建设前后心理素质的变化情况。

  4. A Practical Foundation for Mapping Black Hole Spacetimes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vigeland, Sarah; Hughes, Scott

    2010-02-01

    Observations have shown that the universe contains many compact and massive objects that are believed to be black holes. Precise observations of orbital motion near candidate black holes have the potential to determine if they have the spacetime structure predicted by general relativity. We propose to compare strong-field observations of compact objects with the spacetime of bumpy black holes: objects whose multipolar structure is almost, but not quite, equal to that of the Kerr spacetime. We build bumpy black hole spacetimes by adding a perturbation onto a Kerr black hole, and we show how to map the perturbation onto changes in the multipole moments. The perturbation results in changes to the orbital frequencies which we calculate using Hamilton-Jacobi techniques. )

  5. Nonintegrability of the Zipoy-Voorhees metric

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukes-Gerakopoulos, Georgios

    2012-08-01

    The low frequency gravitational wave detectors like the evolved Laser Interferometer Space Antenna/New Gravitational Wave Observatory (eLISA/NGO) will give us the opportunity to test whether the supermassive compact objects lying at the centers of galaxies are indeed Kerr black holes. One way to do such a test is to compare the gravitational wave signals with templates of perturbed black hole spacetimes, the so-called bumpy black hole spacetimes. The Zipoy-Voorhees (ZV) spacetime (known also as the γ spacetime) can be included in the bumpy black hole family, since it can be considered as a perturbation of the Schwarzschild spacetime background. Several authors have suggested that the ZV metric corresponds to an integrable system. Contrary to this integrability conjecture, the present article shows by numerical examples that, in general, ZV belongs to the family of nonintegrable systems.

  6. The non-integrability of the Zipoy-Voorhees metric

    CERN Document Server

    Lukes-Gerakopoulos, Georgios

    2012-01-01

    The low frequency gravitational wave detectors like eLISA/NGO will give us the opportunity to test whether the supermassive compact objects lying at the centers of galaxies are indeed Kerr black holes. A way to do such a test is to compare the gravitational wave signals with templates of perturbed black hole spacetimes, the so-called bumpy black hole spacetimes. The Zipoy-Voorhees (ZV) spacetime (known also as the $\\gamma$ spacetime) can be included in the bumpy black hole family, because it can be considered as a perturbation of the Schwarzschild spacetime background. Several authors have suggested that the ZV metric corresponds to an integrable system. Contrary to this integrability conjecture, in the present article it is shown by numerical examples that in general ZV belongs to the family of non-integrable systems.

  7. Earning Their Keep

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Women face gender discrimination in the job market Yi Rongrong,a postgraduate student at the Communication University of China in Beijing,describes her jobhunting process as a "bumpy road," though she has a good record in the university with quite a few scholarships and internship experiences at Xinhua News Agency and People’s Daily,two of the leading media organizations in China.

  8. Google FITTING IN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Search engine giant’s path to China is proving to be a bumpy ride You have to hand it to Google; it knows how to make a big splash. When the doyen of search engines came to town to reinvent itself, no expense was spared. Booking the banquet hall of Beijing’s most famous five-star hotel, cramming it full of the cream of the IT world and a gaggle of journalists from 170 news agencies,

  9. Confidence Matters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China’s economy passed over a bumpy road last year. Influenced by the global economic crisis, China faces many uncertainties in 2009. Yao Jingyuan, Chief Economist of the National Bureau of Statistics, gave a speech at the 2009 China Mining Merger and Acquisition Forum at Tsinghua University on January 10 about the risks the country faces and the positive factors that still exist in China’s economic development. Excerpts follow.

  10. CRISIS FOCUS Risks and the Road To Recovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    With global financial woes abating, the world economy appears to have found its footing. Emerging Asian economies have steered a steady course toward recovery while Western countries leave the worst times behind. But the road ahead may be a bumpy one given the fact that an array of underly- ing risks still loom large. Tao Dong, a senior economist with Credit Suisse, shared his opinions on these issues in an article recently published on his blog. Edited excerpts follow:

  11. One-dimensional gamma-ray shielding analysis for EBT-P

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gohar, Y.

    1981-11-01

    A one-dimensional scoping study was performed for the gamma ray shield of the ELMO Bumpy Torus proof-of-principle (EBT-P) device. The objective was to define appropriate shielding material and determine the required shielding thickness for EBT-P. The dose equivalent results as a function of the radiation shield thickness for different shielding options are presented. A sensitivity analysis for the pessimistic case is given. The recommended shielding option based on the performance and cost is discussed.

  12. Pure-Nickel-Coated Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Prepared by Electroless Deposition

    OpenAIRE

    Arai, Susumu; Kobayashi, Mitsuhiro; Yamamoto, Tohru; Endo, Morinobu

    2010-01-01

    Pure-nickel-coated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) have been prepared by electroless deposition. Gluconic acid and hydrazine were respectively used as the complexing and reducing agents for nickel ions. The deposits were heat-treated. The microstructures and magnetic properties of the deposits were examined. The MWCNTs were homogeneously coated with pure nickel and their surfaces were relatively bumpy. These pure-nickel-coated MWCNTs exhibited ferromagnetism and had higher magnetization...

  13. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China’s exports are tapering off as the world economy teeters,but investment and consumption have maintained momentum, offsetting the impact of weakening exports. The auto market continues cooling as the with drawal of policy incentives pours cold water on buyers’interest. A bright spot is the ecommerce sector, which reported surprisingly brisk growth in the third quarter. China’s industries are currently the world’s most competitive, but the road ahead will be a bumpy one.

  14. Studies of heating efficiencies and models of RF-sheaths for the JET antennae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A theoretical model for the appearance of RF-sheaths is developed to see if this can explain the expected lower heating efficiencies of the new A2 antennae at JET. The equations are solved numerically. A general method for evaluation of the experimental data of the heating efficiencies of the new antennae at JET is developed and applied for discharges with and without the bumpy limiter on the D antennae. 8 refs, 26 figs

  15. Symmetric Kullback-Leibler Metric Based Tracking Behaviors for Bioinspired Robotic Eyes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hengli; Luo, Jun; Wu, Peng; Xie, Shaorong; Li, Hengyu

    2015-01-01

    A symmetric Kullback-Leibler metric based tracking system, capable of tracking moving targets, is presented for a bionic spherical parallel mechanism to minimize a tracking error function to simulate smooth pursuit of human eyes. More specifically, we propose a real-time moving target tracking algorithm which utilizes spatial histograms taking into account symmetric Kullback-Leibler metric. In the proposed algorithm, the key spatial histograms are extracted and taken into particle filtering framework. Once the target is identified, an image-based control scheme is implemented to drive bionic spherical parallel mechanism such that the identified target is to be tracked at the center of the captured images. Meanwhile, the robot motion information is fed forward to develop an adaptive smooth tracking controller inspired by the Vestibuloocular Reflex mechanism. The proposed tracking system is designed to make the robot track dynamic objects when the robot travels through transmittable terrains, especially bumpy environment. To perform bumpy-resist capability under the condition of violent attitude variation when the robot works in the bumpy environment mentioned, experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of our bioinspired tracking system using bionic spherical parallel mechanism inspired by head-eye coordination. PMID:27019592

  16. EVALUATION OF SEAT VIBRATION SOURCES IN DRIVING CONDITION USING SPECTRAL ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AHMAD KAMAL

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Seat vibration is one of the major causes of discomfort in moving vehicle. Tyre, engine, drivetrain and aerodynamic forces excite the cabin and interior through various pathways. In this paper, the contributions of tyre and engine vibration to seat excitations are studied. Virtual Source Analysis (VSA is implemented to decompose the source signals into incoherent phenomena. Studying these phenomena (virtual sources shows the amount and frequency bands that physical sources affect the seat vibration as the response channel. Experiment is conducted while riding on smooth and bumpy roads. Road roughness is characterized using International Roughness Index (IRI. VSA technique approve that tyre is the main source of seat vibration for the moving vehicle. Seat vibration has significant values below 400 Hz and tyre is found to be the dominant source of excitations for both smooth and bumpy roads. For smooth road, strong engine harmonics below 200 Hz also has some involvements. But in bumpy road, tyre vibration rise up and become the dominant broadband source of excitations. Tyre damper and engine mount Frequency Response Function (FRF analysis show that these parts are designed to be highly efficient below 1400 Hz and 200 Hz, respectively. These ranges are identical with those that were found as the critical operational frequency spans in VSA.

  17. Symmetric Kullback-Leibler Metric Based Tracking Behaviors for Bioinspired Robotic Eyes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hengli Liu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A symmetric Kullback-Leibler metric based tracking system, capable of tracking moving targets, is presented for a bionic spherical parallel mechanism to minimize a tracking error function to simulate smooth pursuit of human eyes. More specifically, we propose a real-time moving target tracking algorithm which utilizes spatial histograms taking into account symmetric Kullback-Leibler metric. In the proposed algorithm, the key spatial histograms are extracted and taken into particle filtering framework. Once the target is identified, an image-based control scheme is implemented to drive bionic spherical parallel mechanism such that the identified target is to be tracked at the center of the captured images. Meanwhile, the robot motion information is fed forward to develop an adaptive smooth tracking controller inspired by the Vestibuloocular Reflex mechanism. The proposed tracking system is designed to make the robot track dynamic objects when the robot travels through transmittable terrains, especially bumpy environment. To perform bumpy-resist capability under the condition of violent attitude variation when the robot works in the bumpy environment mentioned, experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of our bioinspired tracking system using bionic spherical parallel mechanism inspired by head-eye coordination.

  18. Symmetric Kullback-Leibler Metric Based Tracking Behaviors for Bioinspired Robotic Eyes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hengli; Luo, Jun; Wu, Peng; Xie, Shaorong; Li, Hengyu

    2015-01-01

    A symmetric Kullback-Leibler metric based tracking system, capable of tracking moving targets, is presented for a bionic spherical parallel mechanism to minimize a tracking error function to simulate smooth pursuit of human eyes. More specifically, we propose a real-time moving target tracking algorithm which utilizes spatial histograms taking into account symmetric Kullback-Leibler metric. In the proposed algorithm, the key spatial histograms are extracted and taken into particle filtering framework. Once the target is identified, an image-based control scheme is implemented to drive bionic spherical parallel mechanism such that the identified target is to be tracked at the center of the captured images. Meanwhile, the robot motion information is fed forward to develop an adaptive smooth tracking controller inspired by the Vestibuloocular Reflex mechanism. The proposed tracking system is designed to make the robot track dynamic objects when the robot travels through transmittable terrains, especially bumpy environment. To perform bumpy-resist capability under the condition of violent attitude variation when the robot works in the bumpy environment mentioned, experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of our bioinspired tracking system using bionic spherical parallel mechanism inspired by head-eye coordination.

  19. Novel routes to chaos through torus breakdown in non-invertible maps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhusubaliyev, Zhanybai; Mosekilde, Erik

    2009-01-01

    The paper describes a number of new scenarios for the transition to chaos through the formation and destruction of multilayered tori in non-invertible maps. By means of detailed, numerically calculated phase portraits we first describe how three- and five-layered tori arise through period......-doubling and/or pitchfork bifurcations of the saddle cycle on an ordinary resonance torus. We then describe several different mechanisms for the destruction of five-layered tori in a system of two linearly coupled logistic maps. One of these scenarios involves the destruction of the two intermediate layers...... of the five-layered torus through the transformation of two unstable node cycles into unstable focus cycles, followed by a saddle-node bifurcation that destroys the middle layer and a pair of simultaneous homoclinic bifurcations that produce two invariant closed curves with quasiperiodic dynamics along...

  20. Quasi-periodic motions in families of dynamical systems order amidst chaos

    CERN Document Server

    Broer, Hendrik W; Sevryuk, Mikhail B

    1996-01-01

    This book is on Kolmogorov-Arnol'd-Moser theory for quasi-periodic tori in dynamical systems. It gives an up-to-date report on the role parameters play for persis- tence of such tori, typically occuring on Cantor sets of positive Hausdorff measure inside phase and parameter space. The cases with preservation of symplectic or volume forms or time-reversal symmetries are included. The concepts of Whitney-smoothness and Diophantine approximation of Cantor sets on submanifolds of Euclidean space are treated, as well as Bruno's theory on analytic continuation of tori. Partly this material is new to Western mathematicians. The reader should be familiar with dynamical systems theory, differen- tial equations and some analysis. The book is directed to researchers, but its entrance level is introductory.

  1. Schoen manifold with line bundles as resolved magnetized orbifolds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Groot Nibbelink, Stefan [Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Arnold Sommerfeld Center for Theoretical Physics; Vaudrevange, Patrick K.S. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)

    2012-12-15

    We give an alternative description of the Schoen manifold as the blow-up of a Z{sub 2} x Z{sub 2} orbifold in which one Z{sub 2} factor acts as a roto-translation. Since for this orbifold the fixed tori are only identified in pairs but not orbifolded, four-dimensional chirality can never be obtained using standard techniques alone. However, chirality is recovered when its tori become magnetized. To exemplify this, we construct an SU(5) GUT on the Schoen manifold with Abelian gauge fluxes, which becomes an MSSM with three generations after an appropriate Wilson line is associated to its freely acting involution. We reproduce this model as a standard orbifold CFT of the (partially) blown down Schoen manifold with a magnetic flux. Finally, in analogy to a proposal for non-perturbative heterotic models by Aldazabal et al. we suggest modifications to the heterotic orbifold spectrum formulae in the presence of magnetized tori.

  2. Bipartisan politics and practical knowledge: advertising of public science in two London newspapers, 1695-1720.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wigelsworth, Jeffrey R

    2008-12-01

    This article explores the enticement of consumers for natural philosophy (buyers of books, audiences at public lectures and purchasers of instruments) in London between 1695 and 1720 through advertisements placed in two political newspapers. This twenty-five-year period witnessed both the birth of public science and the rage of party politics. A consideration of public science adverts within the Whig-leaning Post Man and the Tory-leaning Post Boy reveals that members of both the Whig and Tory parties were equally targeted and that natural philosophy was sold to London's reading population in bipartisan fashion. In the process of integrating natural philosophy into the wider culture through commercial sales, political allegiances were not imprinted on the advertising process. This conclusion raises questions regarding the historiographical assertion of Whig-supported public science and Tory opposition to it at the level of consumers. PMID:19391417

  3. 柔術の技法と柔道

    OpenAIRE

    村山,輝志; 有山, 篤利; 服部,洋児

    1983-01-01

    The purpose of this study is analyze the techique of Jujitsu can be said to be a antecedent of Kodokan Judo and find' consider the characteristics of its techique. According to this purpose, 299 kinds of techinque, on the Takenouchi-ryu and Shindotenshin-ryu Tenshinshinyo-ryu, Shinkage-ryu were took up, and the motions of tori and uke were analized in respect to attack and either of tori or uke. First, a kind of deed, a name of finishing deed, the attacking part, the method of attacking. The ...

  4. Comparative study between toroidal coordinates and the magnetic dipole field

    CERN Document Server

    Chávez-Alarcón, Esteban

    2012-01-01

    There is a similar behaviour between the toroidal coordinates and the dipole magnetic field produced by a circular loop. In this work we evaluate up to what extent the former can be used as a representation of the latter. While the tori in the toroidal coordinates have circular cross sections, those of the circular loop magnetic field are nearly elliptical ovoids, but they are very similar for large aspect ratios.The centres of the latter displace from the axis faster than the former. By making a comparison between tori of similar aspect ratios, we find quantitative criteria to evaluate the accuracy of the approximation.

  5. Production and Development of LRCO‘s Silica Bricks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MAXianghong; LIZhenmin; 等

    1998-01-01

    This paper reviews the history of development and production of silica bricks at Luoyang Refrac-tories(Group) Co.,Ltd,(Former Luoyang Refrac-tories Factory). Through the improvement and in-troducing technology from abroad the company's management and quality standard on silica bricks production has reached a higher level.The physical and chemical specifications,as well as the appear-ance of silica bricks for coke ovens,hot blast stoves and glass kilns have reached the advanced interna-tional level.Now the company has become producing base and main exporting base various kinds of silica bricks in China.

  6. Development of Refractory Technology in China‘s Iron and Steel Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LITingshou; PENGXigao

    2000-01-01

    Review on the development of refractories technology in China's iron and steel industry during the period of "the ninth five-year plan" has been made.Some sugges-tions and opinions on the future development of refractories science and technology in China has been put forward ,including full utilization of domestic rich resources of refrac-tory raw materials to develop sophisticated synthetic refrac-tory raw materials with Chinese characteristics and the R & D on high-tech refractory products for meeting the require-ment of the development of new metallurgical technology.

  7. The parameterization method for invariant manifolds from rigorous results to effective computations

    CERN Document Server

    Haro, Àlex; Figueras, Jordi-Lluis; Luque, Alejandro; Mondelo, Josep Maria

    2016-01-01

    This monograph presents some theoretical and computational aspects of the parameterization method for invariant manifolds, focusing on the following contexts: invariant manifolds associated with fixed points, invariant tori in quasi-periodically forced systems, invariant tori in Hamiltonian systems and normally hyperbolic invariant manifolds. This book provides algorithms of computation and some practical details of their implementation. The methodology is illustrated with 12 detailed examples, many of them well known in the literature of numerical computation in dynamical systems. A public version of the software used for some of the examples is available online. The book is aimed at mathematicians, scientists and engineers interested in the theory and applications of computational dynamical systems.

  8. Seeing One's Place with New Eyes: The Role of Map-Making in Place-Based Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birtzer, Carol E.

    2000-01-01

    Map making is an exercise in spatial relationships, perspective, and direction, and also can increase students' knowledge of their community and sense of place. In a Roger Tory Peterson Institute program, children map the environment around their school and simultaneously learn science, mathematics, language arts, and social studies. Describes…

  9. Examining a Treasure Trove

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The Palace Museum inventories its collection For the first time in history, curators of the Palace Museum have finally inven- toried the museum’s vast collection. After seven years of painstaking work, the museum finally released the results of its first comprehensive inventory on January 26, showing that the museum houses 1,807,558 items.

  10. mTOR inhibitor-induced interstitial lung disease in cancer patients : Comprehensive review and a practical management algorithm

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Willemsen, Annelieke E C A B; Grutters, JC; Gerritsen, Winald R; van Erp, Nielka P; van Herpen, Carla M L; Tol, Jolien

    2016-01-01

    Mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors (mTORi) have clinically significant activity against various malignancies, such as renal cell carcinoma and breast cancer, but their use can be complicated by several toxicities. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an adverse event of particular importance. Mo

  11. An evaluation of known remaining oil resources in the United States: Appendix. Volume 10

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-11-01

    Volume ten contains the following appendices: overview of improved oil recovery methods which covers enhanced oil recovery methods and advanced secondary recovery methods; the benefits of improved oil recovery, selected data for the analyzed states; and list of TORIS fields and reservoirs.

  12. Topological effects on string vacua

    CERN Document Server

    Loaiza-Brito, Oscar

    2011-01-01

    We review some topological effects on the construction of string flux-vacua. Specifically we study the effects of brane-flux transitions on the stability of D-branes on a generalized tori compactificaction, the transition that a black hole suffers in a background threaded with fluxes and the connections among some Minkowsky vacua solutions.

  13. Pop / Tõnis Kahu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kahu, Tõnis, 1962-

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Tori Amos "The Beekeeper", 3 Doors Down "Seventeen Days", Jay-Z / Linkin Park "Collision Course", Patrick Moraz / Bill Bruford "Flags", Shuttle358 "Chessa", Erasure "Nightbird", Erinevad esitajad "Kingston 5 Presents The New Sound of Reggae", Ryuichi Sakamoto "Chasm", Ryuichi Sakamoto "Derrida"

  14. TORC2 mediates the heat stress response in Drosophila by promoting the formation of stress granules

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jevtov, Irena; Zacharogianni, Margarita; van Oorschot, Marinke M.; van Zadelhoff, Guus; Aguilera-Gomez, Angelica; Vuillez, Igor; Braakman, Ineke; Hafen, Ernst; Stocker, Hugo; Rabouille, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    The kinase TORis found in two complexes, TORC1,which is involved in growth control, and TORC2, whose roles are less well defined. Here, we asked whether TORC2 has a role in sustaining cellular stress. We show that TORC2 inhibition in Drosophila melanogaster leads to a reduced tolerance to heat stres

  15. Half Way to Hell: What Gove Is Doing to England's Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillard, Derek

    2012-01-01

    Following the indecisive general election in May 2010, the Tories and Liberal Democrats formed a coalition government with David Cameron as Prime Minister, George Osborne as Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Michael Gove as Secretary of State for Education. Right from the start, Gove was a man in a hurry. Within two weeks of his appointment he had…

  16. The "Great Refusal"? A Marcusian Response to the Bright Blue Vision of Education in the "Big Society"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Agnieszka

    2015-01-01

    The modernisation of education and other public services remains a major political objective of the current Coalition government in the UK. This paper focuses on "Tory Modernisation 2.0," a blueprint for the second stage of the public sector reform produced by the Conservative pressure group, Bright Blue. From the critical theory…

  17. Oro-mandibular manifestations of primary hyperparathyroidism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sachin Rai

    2012-01-01

    Conclusion : Loss of lamina dura, ground glass appearance, and mandibular cortical width reduction are common findings in primary hyperparathyroidism and these are significantly correlated with elevated parathormone and alkaline phosphatase. However, the presence of brown tumors and oral tori are less commonly encountered features.

  18. Drug: D05366 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available TORY SYSTEM R03 DRUGS FOR OBSTRUCTIVE AIRWAY DISEASES R03A ADRENERGICS, INHALANTS R03AC Selective beta-2-adr...JP16) R03C ADRENERGICS FOR SYSTEMIC USE R03CC Selective beta-2-adrenoreceptor agonists R03CC08 Procaterol D0

  19. Torus Destruction and Chaos-Chaos Intermittency in a Commodity Distribution Chain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sosnovtseva, O.; Mosekilde, Erik

    1997-01-01

    The destruction of two-dimensional tori T2 and the transitions to chaos are studied in a high-dimensional model describing the decision-making behavior of human subjects in a simulated managerial environment (the beer production-distribution model). Two different routes from quasiperiodicity...

  20. Status Quo of Drug Supervision in China(Part Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Ⅲ. Policies and Measures Concerning Drug Safety SupervisionBased on its national conditions and learning from international advanced ex-perience, China has formulated policies and measures concerning the improve-merit of drug safety, effectiveness and quality control, and established a regula-tory system covering research, produc-tion, distribution and use of drugs.

  1. Phase-space dynamics of Bianchi IX cosmological models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The complex phase-space dynamical behaviour of a class of Biachi IX cosmological models is discussed, as the chaotic gravitational collapse due Poincare's homoclinic phenomena, and the n-furcation of periodic orbits and tori in the phase space of the models. Poincare maps which show this behaviour are constructed merically and applications are discussed. (Author)

  2. Fast iteration of cocyles over rotations and Computation of hyperbolic bundles

    CERN Document Server

    Huguet, Gemma; Sire, Yannick

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we develop numerical algorithms that use small requirements of storage and operations for the computation of hyperbolic cocycles over a rotation. We present fast algorithms for the iteration of the quasi-periodic cocycles and the computation of the invariant bundles, which is a preliminary step for the computation of invariant whiskered tori.

  3. SO(d, d; Z) Transformation Property for Gauge Fluxes and Ramond-Ramond Fields in Noncommutative Geometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Pei

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we study the spinor constructions of gauge fluxes and Ramond Ramond fields on noncommu-tative tori Td up to d=6. In which the spinor and conjugate spinor are distinguished and dual bases are also introduced.So that we can express the Chern Simons Lagrangian in toroidal compactification as a product of spinors.

  4. The Topology of Knight's Tours on Surfaces

    OpenAIRE

    Forrest, Bradley; Teehan, Kara

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the homotopy classes of closed knight's tours on cylinders and tori. Specifically, we characterize the dimensions of cylindrical chessboards that admit closed knight's tours realizing the identity of the fundamental group and those that admit closed tours realizing a generator of the fundamental group. We also produce analogous results for toroidal chessboards.

  5. A KAM Theorem for Reversible Systems of Infinite Dimension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shun Qing CHEN; Xiao Ping YUAN

    2007-01-01

    For reversible systems of infinite dimension we prove an infinitely dimensional KAM theoremwith an application to the network of weakly coupled oscillators of friction. The KAM theorem showsthat there are many invariant tori of infinite dimension, and thus many almost periodic solutions, forthe reversible systems.

  6. International Atomic Energy Agency Technical Committee Meeting, Innovative approaches to fusion energy, Pleasanton, CA, October 20-23, 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Purpose of this Meeting is to provide a forum for discussion of approaches to fusion other than conventional tokamaks and stellarators, such as: (1) quasi-steady-state systems (mirrors, RFP's, spheromaks, FRC'S, spherical tori,...); (2) short-pulsed systems (liners, Z-pinch variants, plasma foci, novel ICF, ...); and (3) fusion technology innovations

  7. Interstitial pneumonitis caused by everolimus : a case-cohort study in renal transplant recipients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baas, Marije C.; Struijk, Geertrude H.; Moes, Dirk-Jan A. R.; van den Berk, Inge A. H.; Jonkers, Rene E.; de Fijter, Johan W.; van der Heide, Jaap J. Homan; van Dijk, Marja; ten Berge, Ineke J. M.; Bemelman, Frederike J.

    2014-01-01

    The use of inhibitors of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTORi) in renal transplantation is associated with many side effects, the potentially most severe being interstitial pneumonitis. Several papers have reported on sirolimus-induced pneumonitis, but less is published on everolimus-induced pne

  8. Inventory Surged More Than 60% in the Nonferrous Metals Industry in the First Half of 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>In the first half of this year,in the nonferrous metals industry listed companies’ inventory grew 63.46%. To some extent,changes in the inventory data of finished products mirror changes in the mutual dependence of suppliers and buyers,and changes in companies’ inven-tory often reflect future changes in industry prosperity.

  9. PAH Formation in O-rich Planetary Nebulae

    CERN Document Server

    Guzman-Ramirez, L; Jones, D; Zijlstra, A A; Gesicki, K

    2014-01-01

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been observed in O-rich planetary nebulae towards the Galactic Bulge. This combination of oxygen-rich and carbon-rich material, known as dual-dust or mixed chemistry, is not expected to be seen around such objects. We recently proposed that PAHs could be formed from the photodissociation of CO in dense tori. In this work, using VISIR/VLT, we spatially resolved the emission of the PAH bands and ionised emission from the [SIV] line, confirming the presence of dense central tori in all the observed O-rich objects. Furthermore, we show that for most of the objects, PAHs are located at the outer edge of these dense/compact tori, while the ionised material is mostly present in the inner parts of these tori, consistent with our hypothesis for the formation of PAHs in these systems. The presence of a dense torus has been strongly associated with the action of a central binary star and, as such, the rich chemistry seen in these regions may also be related to the formation o...

  10. Certification of MCNP version 4A for WHC computer platforms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carter, L.L., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-05-07

    MCNP is a general-purpose Monte Carlo code that can be used for neutron, photon, or coupled neutron/photon transport, including the capability to calculate eigenvalues for critical systems. The code treats an arbitrary three-dimensional configuration of materials in geometric cells bounded by first- and second-degree surfaces, and some special fourth-degree surfaces (elliptical tori).

  11. Ontario's Challenge: Denominational Rights in Public Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zinga, Dawn

    2008-01-01

    Denominational rights in education have a long and controversial history within Canada. Ontario has struggled with denomination rights and continues to face the challenges posed by accommodating denominational rights. This paper examines those challenges and considers the future of denominational rights in Ontario, in light of John Tory's 2007…

  12. OPTIMIZATION OF REPEATED BRONCHOALVEOLAR LAVAGE IN RABBITS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Background. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a relatively non-invasive technique used to obtain diagnostic samples from the lower airways of companion animals with respira¬tory disease. BAL is also commonly used in laboratory animals to assess pulmo¬nary changes after expos...

  13. Interspecific hybridization and polyploidization as tools in ornamental plant breeding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tuyl, van J.M.; Kim, K.B.

    2003-01-01

    Interspecific hybridisation and polyploidy are recognized as the most impor-tant sources of evolution and domestication of flowering plants. In ornamental plant breeding these phenomena go hand in hand and can be observed in the breeding his-tory of many ornamental crops (Rosa, Chrysanthemum, Gladio

  14. Hopf-flip bifurcation of high dimensional maps and application to vibro-impact systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianhua Xie; Wangcai Ding; E. H. Dowell; L.N. Virgin; Ron Marshall

    2005-01-01

    This paper addresses the problem ofHopf-flip bifurcation of high dimensional maps. Using the center manifold theorem, we obtain a three dimensional reduced map through the projection technique. The reduced map is further transformed into its normal form whose coefficients are determined by that of the original system. The dynamics of the map near the Hopf-flip bifurcation point is approximated by a so called "time-2τ2 map" of a planar autonomous differential equation. It is shown that high dimensional maps may result in cycles of period two, tori T1 (Hopf invariant circles), tori 2T1 and tori 2T2 depending both on how the critical eigenvalues pass the unit circle and on the signs of resonant terms' coefficients. A two-degree-of-freedom vibro-impact system is given as an example to show how the procedure of this paper works. It reveals that through Hopf-flip bifurcations, periodic motions may lead directly to different types of motion, such as subharmonic motions, quasi-periodic motions, motions on high dimensional tori and even to chaotic motions depending both on change in direction of the parameter vector and on the nonlinear terms of the first three orders.

  15. OCT4: Less is more

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ryan T Wagner; Austin J Cooney

    2009-01-01

    @@ Embryonic Stem Cells (ES cells) exhibit vast potential that is just begin-ning to be realized with regard to both clinical therapies, and use in the labora-tory as a model system for the study of development and cancer progression.

  16. The geometry of the Double Gyroid wire network: Quantum and Classical

    CERN Document Server

    Kaufmann, Ralph M; Wehefritz-Kaufmann, Birgit

    2010-01-01

    Quantum wire networks have recently become of great interest. Here we deal with a novel nano material structure of a Double Gyroid wire network. We use methods of commutative and non-commutative geometry to describe this wire network. Its non--commutative geometry is closely related to non-commutative 3-tori as we discuss in detail.

  17. Non Kaehler solvmanifolds with generalized Kaehler structure

    OpenAIRE

    Fino, Anna; Tomassini, Adriano

    2007-01-01

    We construct a compact 6-dimensional solvmanifold endowed with a non-trivial invariant generalized K\\"ahler structure and which does not admit any K\\"ahler metric. This is in contrast with the case of nilmanifolds which cannot admit any invariant generalized K\\"ahler structure unless they are tori.

  18. Non-Kähler solvmanifolds with generalized Kähler structure

    OpenAIRE

    Fino, Anna; Tomassini, Adriano

    2009-01-01

    We construct a compact 6-dimensional solvmanifold endowed with a non-trivial invariant generalized Kähler structure and which does not admit any Kähler metric. This is in contrast with the case of nilmanifolds which cannot admit any invariant generalized Kähler structure unless they are tori.

  19. Tõuloom 2012 / Krista Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Krista

    2012-01-01

    Eesti Tõuloomakasvatuse Liidu poolt Ülenurme Põllumajandusmuuseumis 1. septembril korraldatud tõuloomade konkursil Tartu sügisnäitus. Tõuloom 2012 tunnustatud Eesti Hobusekasvatajate Seltsi liikmetest ning trakeeni, araabia tori, eesti ja eesti raskeveo tõugu hobustest

  20. Reducing multiphoton ionization in a linearly polarized microwave field by local control

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, S.; Chandre, C; Uzer, T.

    2006-01-01

    We present a control procedure to reduce the stochastic ionization of hydrogen atom in a strong microwave field by adding to the original Hamiltonian a comparatively small control term which might consist of an additional set of microwave fields. This modification restores select invariant tori in the dynamics and prevents ionization. We demonstrate the procedure on the one-dimensional model of microwave ionization.

  1. "The Alternative of Williamsburg": A British Cartoon on Colonial American Violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, John; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Utilizes a 1775 political cartoon as the centerpiece of a lesson on political controversy and violence in Colonial America. The cartoon, printed in Britain, lampooned the coercive measures directed at Tory merchants. Learning activities include an extensive analysis of the cartoon, discussions, and timelines. (MJP)

  2. 17 CFR 10.26 - Motions and other papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Motions and other papers. 10... PRACTICE Institution of Adjudica- tory Proceedings; Pleadings; Motions § 10.26 Motions and other papers. (a...) the authority relied upon. If a motion is supported by briefs, affidavits or other papers, they...

  3. DEGREE 3 ALGEBRAIC MINIMAL SURFACES IN THE 3-SPHERE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joe S.Wang

    2012-01-01

    We give a local analytic characterization that a minimal surface in the 3-sphere S3 (C) R4 defined by an irreducible cubic polynomial is one of the Lawson's minimal tori.This provides an alternative proof of the result by Perdomo (Characterization of order 3 algebraic immersed minimal surfaces of S3,Geom.Dedicata 129 (2007),23-34).

  4. Experiment list: SRX143850 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available || replicate=1 || softwareversion=ELAND || strain=C57BL/6 || strain description=C57 black 6, the most common inbred strain of labora...tory mouse http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/eachData/bw/SRX143850.bw

  5. BDML Datasets: 5 [SSBD[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available dt, J. and Stelzer, E.H.K. Philipp J. Keller, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Cell Biology and Biophysics Unit, Stelzer Labora...tory See details in Keller et al. (2008) Science 322, 1065-1069. CC BY-NC-SA 1 x 1

  6. Drug: D07493 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available TORY SYSTEM R06 ANTIHISTAMINES FOR SYSTEMIC USE R06A ANTIHISTAMINES FOR SYSTEMIC USE R06AX Other antihista...mines for systemic use R06AX01 Bamipine D07493 Bamipine lactate Target-based classi

  7. X-ray absorption, nuclear infrared emission and dust covering factors of AGN: testing Unification Schemes

    CERN Document Server

    Mateos, S; Alonso-Herrero, A; Hernán-Caballero, A; Barcons, X; Ramos, A Asensio; Watson, M G; Blain, A; Caccianiga, A; Ballo, L; Braito, V; Almeida, C Ramos

    2016-01-01

    We present the distributions of geometrical covering factors of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) dusty tori (f2) using an X-ray selected complete sample of 227 AGN drawn from the Bright Ultra-hard XMM-Newton Survey. The AGN have z from 0.05 to 1.7, 2-10 keV luminosities between 10^42 and 10^46 erg/s and Compton-thin X-ray absorption. Employing data from UKIDSS, 2MASS and the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer in a previous work we determined the rest-frame 1-20 microns continuum emission from the torus which we model here with the clumpy torus models of Nenkova et al. Optically classified type 1 and type 2 AGN are intrinsically different, with type 2 AGN having on average tori with higher f2 than type 1 AGN. Nevertheless, ~20 per cent of type 1 AGN have tori with large covering factors while ~23-28 per cent of type 2 AGN have tori with small covering factors. Low f2 are preferred at high AGN luminosities, as postulated by simple receding torus models, although for type 2 AGN the effect is certainly small. f2 in...

  8. SwissProt search result: AK070179 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK070179 J023044M21 (Q61189) Methylosome subunit pICln (Chloride conductance regula...tory protein ICln) (I(Cln)) (Chloride channel, nucleotide sensitive 1A) (Chloride ion current inducer protein) (ClCI) ICLN_MOUSE 9e-15 ...

  9. SwissProt search result: AK121907 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK121907 J033105N05 (Q61189) Methylosome subunit pICln (Chloride conductance regula...tory protein ICln) (I(Cln)) (Chloride channel, nucleotide sensitive 1A) (Chloride ion current inducer protein) (ClCI) ICLN_MOUSE 1e-12 ...

  10. On Hierarchical Extensions of Large-Scale 4-regular Grid Network Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Myrup; Patel, A.; Knudsen, Thomas Phillip;

    2004-01-01

    It is studied how the introduction of ordered hierarchies in 4-regular grid network structures decreases distances remarkably, while at the same time allowing for simple topological routing schemes. Both meshes and tori are considered; in both cases non-hierarchical structures have power law depe...

  11. On Hierarchical Extensions of Large-Scale 4-regular Grid Network Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Myrup; Patel, A.; Knudsen, Thomas Phillip;

    It is studied how the introduction of ordered hierarchies in 4-regular grid network structures decreses distances remarkably, while at the same time allowing for simple topological routing schemes. Both meshes and tori are considered; in both cases non-hierarchical structures have power law depen...

  12. Topic: Single-sex Education in the UK

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王其寓

    2015-01-01

    The Tory leadership contender Liam Fox claimed that boys should be taught in single-sex schools.(The Guardian,2005)According to his point,the new debate about the merits and drawbacks of single-sex education becoming increasingly intense in the United Kingdom.Boys and girls should be teaching

  13. Research using small tokamaks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document consists of a collection of papers presented at the IAEA Technical Committee Meeting on Research Using Small Tokamaks. It contains 22 papers on a wide variety of research aspects, including diagnostics, design, transport, equilibrium, stability, and confinement. Some of these papers are devoted to other concepts (stellarators, compact tori). Refs, figs and tabs

  14. The Image of the Right Honourable Margaret Thatcher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auer, J. Jeffery

    1979-01-01

    Reviews the career of Prime Minister Thatcher and her participation in the campaign for her election. Identifies the five most salient elements in her image and within the general context of contemporary political communication in Britain: cultural identification, accent and word choice patterns, Tory message, sex, and sense of conviction. (JMF)

  15. Mahler Measure, Eisenstein Series and Dimers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stienstra, J.

    2007-01-01

    This note reveals a mysterious link between the partition function of certain dimer models on 2-dimensional tori and the L-function of their spectral curves. It also relates the partition function in certain families of dimer models to Eisenstein series. http://www.arxiv.org/abs/math.NT/0502197

  16. Tõmbed ja tõukumised / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : Margaret Atwood. Pime palgamõrvar; Sebastian Faulks. Charlotte Gray; Peter Carey. Oscar ja Lucinda; Kurt Vonnegut. Sinihabe; Aita Kivi. Jumalakäpp; Aita Kivi. Lummus; Raymond Radiguet. Saatan ihus; Wendu Northcutt. Darwini auhinnad; Merike Hanni. Ümberõpe; Merike Hanni. Tori hobune; Friedrich Schiller. Maria Stuart

  17. Real determinant line bundles

    CERN Document Server

    Okonek, Christian

    2011-01-01

    This article is an expanded version of the talk given by Ch. O. at the Second Latin Congress on "Symmetries in Geometry and Physics" in Curitiba, Brazil in December 2010. In this version we explain the topological and gauge-theoretical aspects of our paper "Abelian Yang-Mills theory on Real tori and Theta divisors of Klein surfaces".

  18. mTOR inhibitor-induced interstitial lung disease in cancer patients: Comprehensive review and a practical management algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willemsen, Annelieke E C A B; Grutters, Jan C; Gerritsen, Winald R; van Erp, Nielka P; van Herpen, Carla M L; Tol, Jolien

    2016-05-15

    Mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors (mTORi) have clinically significant activity against various malignancies, such as renal cell carcinoma and breast cancer, but their use can be complicated by several toxicities. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an adverse event of particular importance. Mostly, mTORi-induced ILD remains asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic, but it can also lead to severe morbidity and even mortality. Therefore, careful diagnosis and management of ILD is warranted. The reported incidence of mTORi-induced ILD varies widely because of a lack of uniform diagnostic criteria and active surveillance. Because of the nonspecific clinical features, a broad differential diagnosis that includes (opportunistic) infections should be considered in case of suspicion of mTORi-induced ILD. The exact mechanism or interplay of mechanisms leading to the development of ILD remains to be defined. Suggested mechanisms are either a direct toxic effect or immune-mediated mechanisms, considering mTOR inhibitors have several effects on the immune system. The clinical course of ILD varies widely and is difficult to predict. Consequently, the discrimination between when mTOR inhibitors can be continued safely and when discontinuation is indicated is challenging. In this review, we give a comprehensive review of the incidence, clinical presentation and pathophysiology of mTORi-induced ILD in cancer patients. We present newly developed diagnostic criteria for ILD, which include clinical symptoms as well as basic pulmonary function tests and radiological abnormalities. In conjunction with these diagnostic criteria, we provide a detailed and easily applicable clinical management algorithm.

  19. mTOR inhibitor-induced interstitial lung disease in cancer patients: Comprehensive review and a practical management algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willemsen, Annelieke E C A B; Grutters, Jan C; Gerritsen, Winald R; van Erp, Nielka P; van Herpen, Carla M L; Tol, Jolien

    2016-05-15

    Mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors (mTORi) have clinically significant activity against various malignancies, such as renal cell carcinoma and breast cancer, but their use can be complicated by several toxicities. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an adverse event of particular importance. Mostly, mTORi-induced ILD remains asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic, but it can also lead to severe morbidity and even mortality. Therefore, careful diagnosis and management of ILD is warranted. The reported incidence of mTORi-induced ILD varies widely because of a lack of uniform diagnostic criteria and active surveillance. Because of the nonspecific clinical features, a broad differential diagnosis that includes (opportunistic) infections should be considered in case of suspicion of mTORi-induced ILD. The exact mechanism or interplay of mechanisms leading to the development of ILD remains to be defined. Suggested mechanisms are either a direct toxic effect or immune-mediated mechanisms, considering mTOR inhibitors have several effects on the immune system. The clinical course of ILD varies widely and is difficult to predict. Consequently, the discrimination between when mTOR inhibitors can be continued safely and when discontinuation is indicated is challenging. In this review, we give a comprehensive review of the incidence, clinical presentation and pathophysiology of mTORi-induced ILD in cancer patients. We present newly developed diagnostic criteria for ILD, which include clinical symptoms as well as basic pulmonary function tests and radiological abnormalities. In conjunction with these diagnostic criteria, we provide a detailed and easily applicable clinical management algorithm. PMID:26452336

  20. Advanced fusion concepts program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    While the prospects for the eventual development of a tokamak-based fusion reactor appear promising at the present time, the Department of Energy maintains a vigorous program in alternate magnetic fusion concepts. Several of the concepts presently supported include the toroidal reversed field pinch, Tormac, Elmo Bumpy Torus, and various linear options. Recent technical accomplishments and program evaluations indicate that the possibility now exists for undertaking the next development stage, a proof-of-principle experiment, for a few of the most promising alternate concepts

  1. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The World Bank forecasts a rosy prospect for the Chinese economy,despite a moderate slowdown in growth.The real estate market continues to cool,with an increasing number of cities experiencing price declines.China’s state-owned enterprises face a bumpy road ahead,with their profits shrinking quickly.The shipping giant COSCO is swimming in red ink due to tepid demands and overcapacity.China is expected to replace the United States as the world’s top e-commerce market by 2015.

  2. Atomic physics processes in radial transport calculations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These lectures were intended as preparation for detailed discussions of the role of atomic and molecular physics in confinement research at the 1982 NATO Advanced Study Institute. They begin with a description of the major approaches to magnetic confinement: tandem (ambipolar) mirrors with their associated auxiliary barriers, tokamaks, and stellarators. The leading alternatives, the ELMO Bumpy Torus and the reversed field pinch, are also treated. The evolution equations for particle, energy, and (where relevant) field diffusion are presented and discussed. This is the context for atomic and molecular processes relevant to confinement

  3. Thin-shell wormholes supported by total normal matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mazharimousavi, S.H.; Halilsoy, M. [Eastern Mediterranean University, Department of Physics, Gazimagusa (Turkey)

    2014-09-15

    The Zipoy-Voorhees-Weyl (ZVW) spacetime characterized by mass (M) and oblateness (δ) is proposed in the construction of viable thin-shell wormholes (TSWs). A departure from spherical/cylindrical symmetry yields a positive total energy in spite of the fact that the local energy density may take negative values. We show that oblateness of the bumpy sources/black holes can be incorporated as a new degree of freedom that may play a role in the resolution of the exotic matter problem in TSWs. A small velocity perturbation reveals, however, that the resulting TSW is unstable. (orig.)

  4. Determination of nonaxisymmetric equilibrium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Princeton Equilibrium Code is modified to determine the equilibrium surfaces for a large aspect ratio toroidal system with helical magnetic fields. The code may easily be made to include any variety of modes. Verification of the code is made by comparison with an analytic solution for l = 3. Previously observed shifting of the magnetic axis with increasing pressure or with a changed externally applied vertical field is obtained. The case l = 0, a bumpy torus, gives convergence only for the lenient convergence tolerance of epsilon/sub b/ = 1.0 x 10-2

  5. New Ultrasound Biomicroscopy Iris Findings in Juvenile Xanthogranuloma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syed, Zeba A; Chen, Teresa C

    2016-08-01

    We report a case of juvenile xanthogranuloma in a 12-month-old girl presenting with heterochromia, hyphema, and elevated intraocular pressure. This case demonstrates new ultrasound biomicroscopy iris findings of a generalized bumpy iris contour, suggesting diffuse heterogeneous involvement. This imaging finding has not been previously described. Untreated, iris juvenile xanthogranuloma may lead to corneal blood staining, glaucoma, and amblyopia. An understanding of the full range of ultrasound features of juvenile xanthogranuloma expands our appreciation for the clinical findings in this condition. PMID:27483333

  6. Simulations of coronagraphy with a dynamic hologram for the direct detection of exo-planets

    CERN Document Server

    Ricci, Davide; Labeyrie, Antoine; Piron, Pierre; 10.1117/12.861756

    2010-01-01

    In a previous paper, we discussed an original solution to improve the performances of coronagraphs by adding, in the optical scheme, an adaptive hologram removing most of the residual speckle starlight. In our simulations, the detection limit in the flux ratio between a host star and a very near planet (5 lambda/D) improves over a factor 1000 (resp. 10000) when equipped with a hologram for cases of wavefront bumpiness imperfections of lambda/20 (resp. lambda/100). We derive, in this paper, the transmission accuracy required on the hologram pixels to achieve such goals. We show that preliminary tests could be performed on the basis of existing technologies.

  7. Multi-disciplinary Real Estate Education: A Comparison of a US and European approach.

    OpenAIRE

    McFarland, M.; H. Lavasani

    2015-01-01

    Real Estate education in the US at the graduate level has has a 'bumpy' time in US academic institutions. Up until the year 2000 or so, most real estate was taught, if at all, in business schools as a finance/valuation proposition. There was little or no bow to the Graaskamp model of multi- and inter-disciplinary curriculum in recognition of the diverse disciplines that impact real estate and hence the need for a curriculum to match. In 2006 when the University of Maryland established it's Ma...

  8. Fluctuation of the Initial Conditions and its Consequences on some Observables

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We show effects of the event-by-event fluctuation of the initial conditions (IC) in hydrodynamic description of high-energy nuclear collisions on some observables. Such IC produce not only fluctuations in observables but, due to their bumpy structure, several non-trivial effects appear. They enhance production of isotropically distributed high-pT particles, making v2 smaller there. Also, they reduce v2 in the forward and backward regions where the global matter density is smaller, so where such effects become more efficacious. They may also produce the so-called ridge effect in the two large-pT particle correlation. (author)

  9. A simple jaw splint for minimally displaced mandible fractures with undisplaced occlusion

    OpenAIRE

    Hoyt, Benjamin; Lalonde, Don

    2003-01-01

    A 35-year-old patient presented with a minimally displaced jaw fracture with normal occlusion. She was treated conservatively with a soft diet and told to avoid doing things that hurt to prevent movement at the fracture site. She had the most difficulty with pain generated by walking, driving on bumpy roads and waking up with an unfavourable jaw position during her sleep. She created a simple Velcro (Velcro Industries BV, USA) splint, that removed all of her pain with walking, driving and sle...

  10. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In an attempt to boost liquidity, China’s central bank decreases the reserve requirement ratio for the first time in three years. The November purchasing managers index tumbles below the boom-and-bust line of 50 percent, indicating downside growth risks. As they tighten delisting rules on the growth enterprise board, China’s securities regulator tries to protect interests of investors. The Ministry of Commerce has released a development outline for the service trade sector. Chinese shipbuilders face a bumpy road ahead due to weakness in demand. Credit card fever is sweeping through the country, though debt risks still loom large.

  11. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Export deals experience year-on-year increases at the Canton Fair,though uncertainties still linger.Soaring coal prices put cost pressures on thermal power generators.Fierce competition rocks the foundation of China Mobile’s market dominance.Chinese automaker BYD goes on a bumpy ride as its sales go through a free-fall.The Export-Import Bank of China ties up with the Inter-American Development Bank to finance trade between China and Latin America and the Caribbean region.

  12. Theory of waves, instabilities, and transport in thermonuclear plasmas. Progress report, 1 June 1976--1 December 1977

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results are reported in three theoretical areas, plasma heating by radio frequency wave, transport processes in the bumpy torus, and in the magnetohydrodynamic stability of toroidal plasmas. Linear electron cyclotron heating is found to be a very efficient method for heating tokamaks of moderate density. Linear heating is limited to densities such that the plasma frequency at resonance is less than the cyclotron frequency. At higher densities the nonlinear process of frequency doubling with a subsequent parametric decay can be used with high power sources. Some results on a model of Alfven wave heating are presented, useful for scaling laws for the extrapolation of data and prediction of the system behavior in large tokamaks. The work on transport processes in a bumpy torus has been carried to the point where extensive computer calculations are necessary, which will be carried out by the group at ORNL. The transport coefficients have a strong dependence on the ambipolar electric field and plasma collisionality. The work on MHD instabilities has continued. Results are presented for toroidal corrections for ideal MHD

  13. The bumps on the hippocampus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yi; Ver Hoef, Lawrence

    2016-03-01

    The hippocampus has been the focus of more imaging research than any other subcortical structure in the human brain. However a feature that has been almost universally overlooked are the bumpy ridges on the inferior aspect of the hippocampus, which we refer to as hippocampal dentation. These bumps arise from folds in the CA1 layer of Ammon's horn. Similar to the folding of the cerebral cortex, hippocampal dentation allows for greater surface area in a confined space. However, while quantitative studies of radiologic brain images have been advancing for decades, examining numerous approaches to hippocampal segmentation and morphology analysis, virtually all published 3D renderings of the hippocampus show the under surface to be quite smooth or mildly irregular; we have rarely seen the characteristic bumpy structure in the reconstructed 3D scene, one exception being the 9.4T postmortem study. This is presumably due to the fact that, based on our experience with high resolution images, there is a dramatic degree of variability in hippocampal dentation between individuals from very smooth to highly dentated. An apparent question is, does this indicate that this specific morphological signature can only be captured using expensive ultra-high field techniques? Or, is such information buried in the data we commonly acquire, awaiting a computation technique that can extract and render it clearly? In this study, we propose a super-resolution technique that captures the fine scale morphometric features of the hippocampus based on common T1-weighted 3T MR images.

  14. Morphology and identification of fly eggs: application in forensic entomology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanit, S; Sribanditmongkol, P; Sukontason, K L; Moophayak, K; Klong-Klaew, T; Yasanga, T; Sukontason, K

    2013-06-01

    Fly eggs found in corpses can be used as entomological evidence in forensic investigation. This study aims to investigate the morphology of forensically important fly eggs. Eggs of Chrysomya rufifacies, Chrysomya megacephala, Chrysomya pinguis, Chrysomya nigripes, Hypopygiopsis tumrasvini, Lucilia cuprina, Lucilia porphyrina and Musca domestica were examined using 1% potassium permanganate solution for 1 min. Morphometric analysis revealed that the mean length of Hy. tumrasvini (1.63 mm) and C. pinguis (1.65 mm) eggs was the longest, followed by that of L. porphyrina (1.45 mm), C. rufifacies (1.34 mm). The egg length, width of median area and darkness staining of hatching pleats were distinctive features. Four categories of median area were proposed, based on width; (1) distinctly wide (Megaselia scalaris, Synthesiomyia nudiseta); (2) wide (C. nigripes, M. domestica); (3) slightly widening (Hy. tumrasvini, L. cuprina, L. porphyrina); and (4) narrow (C. rufifacies, C. albiceps, C. megacephala, C. pinguis). Four species were examined using SEM, i.e., C. megacephala, C. pinguis, Hy. tumrasvini and L. porphyrina. The eggs of C. megacephala demonstrated swollen hatching pleats. Inside, the hexagon of the chorion appeared as a sponging bumpy feature. The egg of C. pinguis was similar to C. megacephala, except for the sponging bumpy feature on the outer surface of the hatching pleats. Regarding Hy. tumrasvini and L. porphyrina, their island structure was apparent at the inner surface of the upright hatching pleats. The key for identifying these eggs together with other reported species in Thailand has been updated.

  15. The NASA-Lewis program on fusion energy for space power and propulsion, 1958-1978

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulze, Norman R.; Roth, J. Reece

    1990-01-01

    An historical synopsis is provided of the NASA-Lewis research program on fusion energy for space power and propulsion systems. It was initiated to explore the potential applications of fusion energy to space power and propulsion systems. Some fusion related accomplishments and program areas covered include: basic research on the Electric Field Bumpy Torus (EFBT) magnetoelectric fusion containment concept, including identification of its radial transport mechanism and confinement time scaling; operation of the Pilot Rig mirror machine, the first superconducting magnet facility to be used in plasma physics or fusion research; operation of the Superconducting Bumpy Torus magnet facility, first used to generate a toroidal magnetic field; steady state production of neutrons from DD reactions; studies of the direct conversion of plasma enthalpy to thrust by a direct fusion rocket via propellant addition and magnetic nozzles; power and propulsion system studies, including D(3)He power balance, neutron shielding, and refrigeration requirements; and development of large volume, high field superconducting and cryogenic magnet technology.

  16. Stability of EBT of guiding-centre fluid theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The stability of the hot-electron annulus in the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) is not yet completely understood despite considerable attention. Most stability studies have dealt with localized analysis of simplified models in which the actual magnetic configuration is replaced by a straight-line slab with a gravity to emulate the effects of curvature and gradients in the actual magnetic field. Here, a more realistic geometry, a 'bumpy' cylinder with a 2:1 magnetic mirror ratio, is considered and the response of the hot-electron rings to various non-local perturbations, specifying only the mode number in the ignorable co-ordinate, is examined. Guiding-centre theory (with psub(perpendicular) > psub(parallel)) is used and the second variation in the plasma energy (σW) using a finite-element representation to identify the least stable mode for the plasma is studied. All the equilibria that are examined are found to be unstable for all poloidal mode numbers m>=1, with growth rates increasing with increasing ring beta, plasma beta, and poloidal mode number. It is concluded that two-fluid and/or kinetic effects are required to explain the observed global stability of EBT-I. (author)

  17. General Relativistic Simulations of Binary Neutron Star Mergers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giacomazzo, Bruno; Rezzolla, Luciano; Baiotti, Luca; Link, David; Font, José A.

    2011-08-01

    Binary neutron star mergers are one of the possible candidates for the central engine of short gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and they are also powerful sources of gravitational waves. We have used our fully general relativistic hydrodynamical code Whisky to investigate the merger of binary neutron star systems and we have in particular studied the properties of the tori that can be formed by these systems, their possible connection with the engine of short GRBs and the gravitational wave signals that detectors such as advanced LIGO will be able to detect. We have also shown how the mass of the torus varies as a function of the total mass of the neutron stars composing the binary and of their mass ratio and we have found that tori sufficiently massive to power short GRBs can indeed be formed.

  18. Dynamical bifurcation in a system of coupled oscillators with slowly varying parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Parasyuk

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with a fast-slow system representing n nonlinearly coupled oscillators with slowly varying parameters. We find conditions which guarantee that all omega-limit sets near the slow surface of the system are equilibria and invariant tori of all dimensions not exceeding n, the tori of dimensions less then n being hyperbolic. We show that a typical trajectory demonstrates the following transient process: while its slow component is far from the stationary points of the slow vector field, the fast component exhibits damping oscillations; afterwards, the former component enters and stays in a small neighborhood of some stationary point, and the oscillation amplitude of the latter begins to increase; eventually the trajectory is attracted by an n-dimesional invariant torus and a multi-frequency oscillatory regime is established.

  19. AGN polarization modeling with STOKES

    CERN Document Server

    Goosmann, R W; Shoji, M; Goosmann, Rene W.

    2007-01-01

    We introduce a new, publicly available Monte Carlo radiative transfer code, STOKES, which has been developed to model polarization induced by scattering off free electrons and dust grains. It can be used in a wide range of astrophysical applications. Here, we apply it to model the polarization produced by the equatorial obscuring and scattering tori assumed to exist in active galactic nuclei (AGNs). We present optical/UV modeling of dusty tori with a curved inner shape and for two different dust types: one composition reproduces extinction properties of our Galaxy, and the other is derived from composite quasar spectra. The polarization spectra enable us to clearly distinguish between the two dust compositions. The STOKES code and its documentation can be freely downloaded from http://www.stokes-program.info/.

  20. Monitoring kvality elektrické energie v distribučních systémech

    OpenAIRE

    Kostelník, Adam

    2011-01-01

    Semestrální projekt vysvětluje pojem kvalita elektrické energie, popisuje její charakteristiky a vlastnosti definované normami. Dále se zaobírá měřením kvality elektrické energie a také analyzátory, které jsou k tomu určeny. Následně se zaměřuje na používanou datovou komunikaci pro přenos naměřených dat mezi analyzátory a sběrnými místy. V závěru jsou stručně popsány základní vlastnosti dvou vybraných analyzátorů pro realizaci praktického měření.

  1. Practical application of KAM theory to galactic dynamics: I. Motivation and methodology

    CERN Document Server

    Weinberg, Martin D

    2015-01-01

    Our understanding of the mechanisms governing the structure and secular evolution galaxies assume nearly integrable Hamiltonians with regular orbits; our perturbation theories are founded on the averaging theorem for isolated resonances. On the other hand, it is well-known that dynamical systems with many degrees of freedom are irregular in all but special cases. The best developed framework for studying the breakdown of regularity and the onset is the Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser (KAM) theory. Here, we use a numerical version of the KAM procedure to construct regular orbits (tori) and locate irregular orbits (broken tori). Irregular orbits are most often classified in astronomical dynamics by their exponential divergence using Lyapunov exponents. Although their computation is numerically challenging, the procedure is straightforward and they are often used to estimate the measure of regularity. The numerical KAM approach has several advantages: 1) it provides the morphology of perturbed orbits; 2) its constructiv...

  2. Microstructures and Corrosion Resistance of Al2O3—C Based Refractories to the Melts Containing Titania

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUQingai; W.Newkirk; 等

    2002-01-01

    The corrosion resisance of the Al2O3-C based refrac-tories in melts containing titania has been studied by quasi-station immersion and rotary immersionThe corrosion rate is decreased with the addition of graphite carbon and ZrO2 in the refractories.The corrosion mehanism of Al2O3-C refractories is the oxidization of graphite carbon by the oxides of the melts and the formation of deteriorate layer,For the Al2O3-C-ZrO2 refractories,the corrosion behavior is due to the interaction between melts and refrac-tories,The new compounds of FeO.SiO2,SiZrO4,Feo.3CaO,2CaO.SiO2 and CaO.SiO2 are formed in the deteriorate layer.

  3. CTR plasma engineering studies. Annual progress report, 1 October 1979--30 September 1080

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    FY 1980 CTR Plasma Engineering Studies performed at the University of Illinois are reported. Current studies concentrated on four major areas including (i) field-reversed mirror (FRM) and related compact tori, (ii) dynamic behavior of the reversed-field pinch (RFP) including transport and stability and start-up, (iii) plasma buildup in small mirrors by including finite, ion orbit effects as well as the drift cyclotron loss-cone velocity-space diffusion, and (iv) high-energy fusion product transport in non-circular and high-β tokamaks, alpha ash buildup and possible control in tokamaks. Various computer packages have been produced for FRM, FROP, RFP, small compact tori and non-circular tokamaks. Basic models and the code packages developed and tested with available experiments are of vital information that can be used in conceptual reactor studies for the scaling and prediction of plasma behavior in near-term reactors

  4. Trasformace integrálů pomocí vektorových operátorů

    OpenAIRE

    Joch, Lukáš

    2008-01-01

    Tato bakalářská práce se zabývá vektorovými operátory, kteří hrají podstatnou roli v matematickém zápisu fyzikálních dějů. Cílem této práce je seznámit čtenáře s jednotlivými vektorovými operátory a nastínit mu jejich využití ve fyzice. Práce si dále klade za cíl definovat jednotlivé integrální věty, tj. Gaussovu-Ostrogradského větu, Greenovu větu a Stokesovu větu.

  5. Quasi-periodic bifurcations and “amplitude death” in low-dimensional ensemble of van der Pol oscillators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Emelianova, Yu.P., E-mail: yuliaem@gmail.com [Department of Electronics and Instrumentation, Saratov State Technical University, Polytechnicheskaya 77, Saratov 410054 (Russian Federation); Kuznetsov, A.P., E-mail: apkuz@rambler.ru [Kotel' nikov' s Institute of Radio-Engineering and Electronics of RAS, Saratov Branch, Zelyenaya 38, Saratov 410019 (Russian Federation); Turukina, L.V., E-mail: lvtur@rambler.ru [Kotel' nikov' s Institute of Radio-Engineering and Electronics of RAS, Saratov Branch, Zelyenaya 38, Saratov 410019 (Russian Federation); Institute for Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24-25, 14476 Potsdam (Germany)

    2014-01-10

    The dynamics of the four dissipatively coupled van der Pol oscillators is considered. Lyapunov chart is presented in the parameter plane. Its arrangement is discussed. We discuss the bifurcations of tori in the system at large frequency detuning of the oscillators. Here are quasi-periodic saddle-node, Hopf and Neimark–Sacker bifurcations. The effect of increase of the threshold for the “amplitude death” regime and the possibilities of complete and partial broadband synchronization are revealed.

  6. About Landau–Hopf scenario in a system of coupled self-oscillators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuznetsov, Alexander P.; Kuznetsov, Sergey P.; Sataev, Igor R.; Turukina, Ludmila V., E-mail: lvtur@rambler.ru

    2013-12-17

    The conditions are discussed for which an ensemble of interacting oscillators may demonstrate the Landau–Hopf scenario of successive birth of multi-frequency quasi-periodic motions. A model is proposed that is a network of five globally coupled oscillators characterized by controlled degree of activation of individual oscillators. Illustrations are given for successive birth of tori of increasing dimension via quasi-periodic Hopf bifurcations.

  7. Towards Kaluza-Klein Dark Matter on Nilmanifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Andriot, David; Deandrea, Aldo; Deutschmann, Nicolas; Tsimpis, Dimitrios

    2016-01-01

    We present a first study of the field spectrum on a class of negatively-curved compact spaces: nilmanifolds or twisted tori. This is a case where analytical results can be obtained, allowing to check numerical methods. We focus on the Kaluza-Klein expansion of a scalar field. The results are then applied to a toy model where a natural Dark Matter candidate arises as a stable massive state of the bulk scalar.

  8. Genus two partition and correlation functions for fermionic vertex operator superalgebras I

    OpenAIRE

    Tuite, Michael P.; Zuevsky, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    We define the partition and $n$-point correlation functions for a vertex operator superalgebra on a genus two Riemann surface formed by sewing two tori together. For the free fermion vertex operator superalgebra we obtain a closed formula for the genus two continuous orbifold partition function in terms of an infinite dimensional determinant with entries arising from torus Szeg\\"o kernels. We prove that the partition function is holomorphic in the sewing parameters on a given suitable domain ...

  9. General Relativistic Radiative Transfer: Applications to Black-Hole Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Kinwah; Fuerst, Steven V.; Mizuno, Yosuke; Nishikawa, Ken-Ichi; Branduardi-Raymont, Graziella; Lee, Khee-Gan

    2007-01-01

    We present general relativistic radiation transfer formulations which include opacity effects due to absorption, emission and scattering explicitly. We consider a moment expansions for the transfer in the presence of scattering. The formulation is applied to calculation emissions from accretion and outflows in black-hole systems. Cases with thin accretion disks and accretion tori are considered. Effects, such as emission anisotropy, non-stationary flows and geometrical self-occultation are investigated. Polarisation transfer in curved space-time is discussed qualitatively.

  10. So much more than just a gold medal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正> The recent Athens Olympic Games witnessed a big vic-tory for China, with a total of 32 gold medals, surpassing the country’s 28 won at the Sydney Olympics.Against the backdrop of an improved overall competing capacity, as many as 10,500 athletes participated in the Athens Games, providing harsher than ever competitions for gold medals. Before setting out for the Olympic Games, the

  11. Jet and Torus Orientations in High Redshift Radio Galaxies

    OpenAIRE

    Drouart, G.; De Breuck, C.; Vernet, J.; Laing, R. A.; Seymour, N; Stern, D; de Haas, M.; Pier, E. A.; Rocca-Volmerange, B.

    2012-01-01

    We examine the relative orientation of radio jets and dusty tori surrounding the AGN in powerful radio galaxies at z > 1. The radio core dominance R = P(20 GHz) /P(500 MHz) serves as an orientation indicator, measuring the ratio between the anisotropic Doppler-beamed core extended core emission and the isotropic lobe emission. Assuming a fixed cylindrical geometry for the hot, dusty torus, we derive its inclination i by fitting optically-thick radiative transfer models to spectral energy dist...

  12. Viscosity of Quantum Hall Fluids

    OpenAIRE

    Avron, J. E.; Seiler, R.; Zograf, P. G.

    1995-01-01

    The viscosity of quantum fluids with an energy gap at zero temperature is non-dissipative and is related to the adiabatic curvature on the space of flat background metrics (which plays the role of the parameter space). For a quantum Hall fluid on two dimensional tori this viscosity is computed. In this case the average viscosity is quantized and is proportional to the total magnetic flux through the torus.

  13. Gravitational Waves from a Pseudo-Newtonian Kerr Field with Halos

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王颖; 伍歆

    2011-01-01

    A close relation between gravitational waveforms and the types of trajectories in a superposed field between a pseudo-Newtonian Kerr black hole and quadrupolar halos is shown in detail The gravitational waveforms emitted from circular, KAM tori and chaotic orbits must be periodic, quasiperiodic and stochastic, respectively. The chaotic motion can maximally enhance both the amplitudes and the energy emission rates of the waves.

  14. General-relativistic rotation laws in rotating fluid bodies: constant linear velocity

    CERN Document Server

    Knopik, Jerzy; Malec, Edward

    2015-01-01

    New rotation laws have been recently found for general-relativistic self-gravitating stationary fluids. It was not clear whether they apply to systems rotating with a constant linear velocity. In this paper we fill this gap. The answer is positive. That means, in particular, that these systems should exhibit the recently discovered general-relativistic weak-field effects within rotating tori: the dynamic anti-dragging and the deviation from the Keplerian motion induced by the fluid selfgravity.

  15. Cosmological wormholes

    CERN Document Server

    Kirillov, A A

    2015-01-01

    We describe in details the procedure how the Lobachevsky space can be factorized to a space of the constant negative curvature filled with a gas of wormholes. We show that such wormholes have throat sections in the form of tori and are traversable and stable in the cosmological context. The relation of such wormholes to the dark matter phenomenon is briefly described. We also discuss the possibility of the existence of analogous factorizations for all types of homogeneous spaces.

  16. Cosmological wormholes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirillov, A. A.; Savelova, E. P.

    2016-05-01

    We describe in details the procedure how the Lobachevsky space can be factorized to a space of the constant negative curvature filled with a gas of wormholes. We show that such wormholes have throat sections in the form of tori and are traversable and stable in the cosmological context. The relation of such wormholes to the dark matter phenomenon is briefly described. We also discuss the possibility of the existence of analogous factorizations for all types of homogeneous spaces.

  17. Drug: D01122 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available n [BR:br08302] Analgesics Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs Ibuprofen D01122 Ibuprofen piconol (JAN/USAN) Anti-inflammatory... Agents Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs Ibuprofen D01122 Ibuprofen piconol (JAN/USAN)...D01122 Drug Ibuprofen piconol (JP16/USAN); Staderm (TN) C19H23NO2 297.1729 297.3914 D01122.gif Anti-inflamma...tory [topical] Therapeutic category: 2649 ATC code: M01AE01 prodrug, active substan

  18. Spheroidal and toroidal configurations as sources of the Kerr metric. Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The existence of extended Kerr metric sources of perfect fluid is taken as work-hypothesis to investigate the structure of the boundaries which derive from Boyer's surface condition. We find closed spheroidal configurations which hide an internal cavity as well as toroidal configurations; however, both the boundary of the internal cavity and the tori touch the ring singularity. We judge this feature non-physical and conclude that Boyer's condition is not sufficient to completely define a well behaved physical source. (orig.)

  19. 基于《开放存取期刊列表》的OAJ出版研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王景文; 黄晓鹂

    2010-01-01

    以开放存取期刊列表(Direc-tory of OpenAccess Journals,DOAJ)为检索数据源,检索DOAJ收录的所有0AJ,对其创刊数量、年度、国别、语种、Keywords、Subject words等进行计量分析,以揭示国内外OAJ出版的现状.

  20. Comparative studies on the souring process of milk by means of enzymatic and electrochemical sensors

    OpenAIRE

    Herrmann, Sigrun; Oelßner, Wolfram; Schulz, Birgit; Guth, Ulrich

    2001-01-01

    In recent years, the demand for quick and specific analytical tools for food analysis has increased and is still expanding. Both the industry and government health agencies require a variety of different ana-lytical methods in the quality assurance of food materials. Analysis is needed for monitoring nutritional parameters, food additives, food contaminants, microbial counts, shelf life assessment and other olfac-tory characteristics like smell and odour. Enzymatic and electrochemical sensors...

  1. The media and climate change

    OpenAIRE

    Bird, H; Boykoff, M.; Goodman, M. K.; Monbiot, G.; Littler, J.

    2009-01-01

    Progressive voices in the arts and heritage sector have called for a politics of cultural democracy as a means of empowering all to participate in public life. Through a rejection of policies of 'inclusion', they have asked more searching questions about the role culture can play in the fight for social justice. At the same time the sector is preparing for a change of ideological direction, as rumours run rife about what a future Tory government, highly critical of state intervention, will do...

  2. EFFECT OF PULMONARY REHABILITATION PROGRAMME ON PATIENTS OF STABLE CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DI SEASE

    OpenAIRE

    Surya; Rakesh,; Tariq,, Fahim; Alok; Verma; Ravi

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the most common chronic lung disease causing chronic respira tory disability in majority of people. There is now strong scientific evidence to recommend the application of pulmonary rehabilitation programs in chronic lung diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 28 patients of stable COPD were enrolled for this study. Patients were randomi zed into two groups, one group received pulmonary rehabil...

  3. Transition to two-dimensionality in magnetohydrodynamic turbulent Taylor-Couette flow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yurong; Tao, Jianjun; Zikanov, Oleg

    2014-03-01

    Transition from a Taylor-Couette turbulent flow to a completely two-dimensional axisymmetric turbulent state is realized numerically by increasing gradually the strength of the azimuthal magnetic field produced by electric current flowing through the axial rod. With the increase of the Hartmann number, the Taylor-vortex-like structures shrink, move closer to the inner cylinder, and turn into unsteady but perfect tori at sufficiently high Hartmann numbers.

  4. The Using Of Prediction-Observation-Explanation Strategy In Science Laboratory: What Is The Sulphur’s Molecular-Weight?

    OpenAIRE

    TEKİN, SEHER

    2008-01-01

    Science laboratory activities have got an important position in science teaching. The main purpose of laboratory experiments in the science teachers train- ing program is to acquire some laboratory knowledge and skills for the prospective teachers. But it is known that science students don’t benefit from laboratory always adequately. Increasing the efficiency of laboratory activities is tried different labora- tory strategies that one of them is prediction-observation-explanation (POE) strate...

  5. Cystic fibrohistiocytic tumor of the lung presenting as a solitary lesion

    OpenAIRE

    gGiorgio Sgarbi; Cristian Rapicetta; Tommaso Ricchetti; Massimiliano Paci; Alberto Cavazza; Valerio Annessi

    2010-01-01

    Cystic fibrohistiocytic tumor of the lung is a rare neoplasm. In many cases it represents a metastasis from a benign or low-grade fibrohistiocytic tumor of the skin, but occasionally it may be primary. Radiologically it usually occurs as a cystic change of multiple pulmonary nodules, and pneumothorax is the most frequent presenting symptom. We present here a 16-year-old man with recurrent right pneumothorax. The patient had no his-tory of cutaneous fibrohistiocytic lesions. He underwent video...

  6. The ETE spherical Tokamak project. IAEA report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ludwig, Gerson Otto; Del Bosco, E.; Berni, L.A.; Ferreira, J.G.; Oliveira, R.M.; Andrade, M.C.R.; Shibata, C.S.; Barroso, J.J.; Castro, P.J.; Patire Junior, H. [Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil). Lab. Associado de Plasma]. E-mail: ludwig@plasma.inpe.br

    2002-07-01

    This paper describes the general characteristics of spherical tokamaks, or spherical tori, with a brief overview of work in this area already performed or in progress at several institutions worldwide. The paper presents also the historical development of the ETE (Spherical Tokamak Experiment) project, its research program, technical characteristics and operating conditions as of October, 2002 at the Associated Plasma Laboratory (LAP) of the National Space Research Institute (INPE) in Brazil. (author)

  7. Cherish Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG ZHIPING

    2010-01-01

    @@ After a 200-hour ordeal, 115 survivors were successfully rescued from the flooded Wangjialing Coal Mine. This is a miracle in the his-tory of Chinese mining rescues. Eight days ago, surging underground water trapped 153 workers in the mine. As in many other Chinese coal mines, workers in the Wangjialing Coal Mine come from China's poorer areas, and income from the mine is usually the main source of income for the families of these workers.

  8. Towards Kaluza-Klein Dark Matter on nilmanifolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andriot, David; Cacciapaglia, Giacomo; Deandrea, Aldo; Deutschmann, Nicolas; Tsimpis, Dimitrios

    2016-06-01

    We present a first study of the field spectrum on a class of negatively-curved compact spaces: nilmanifolds or twisted tori. This is a case where analytical results can be obtained, allowing to check numerical methods. We focus on the Kaluza-Klein expansion of a scalar field. The results are then applied to a toy model where a natural Dark Matter candidate arises as a stable massive state of the bulk scalar.

  9. Just 50 ‘donor groups’ have supplied over half of the Conservative party’s declared donation income in the last decade, a fact disguised by legal ‘fame avoidance’ techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Crone, Stephen; Wilks-Heeg, Stuart

    2010-01-01

    Although the Election Commission has published data before on who gives what to political parties, by splitting up donations across multiple family members or between personal and company donations it has been legally possible for huge donors to largely avoid publicity. Not any more though, because Stephen Crone and Stuart Wilks-Heeg have analysed all donation income received by the Conservative party since 2011 to give the most comprehensive picture every published. The Tories owe their fina...

  10. CP^n, or, entanglement illustrated

    CERN Document Server

    Bengtsson, I; Zyczkowski, K

    2002-01-01

    We show that many topological and geometrical properties of complex projective space can be understood just by looking at a suitably constructed picture. The idea is to view CP^n as a set of flat tori parametrized by the positive octant of a round sphere. We pay particular attention to submanifolds of constant entanglement in CP^3 and give a few new results concerning them.

  11. NMS Flows on Three-Dimensional Manifolds with One Saddle Periodic Orbit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    B. CAMPOS; A. CORDERO; J. Mart(i)nez ALFARO; P. VINDEL

    2004-01-01

    The simplest NMS flow is a polar flow formed by an attractive periodic orbit and a repulsive periodic orbit as limit sets. In this paper we show that the only orientable, simple, compact,3-dimensional manifolds without boundary that admit an NMS flow with none or one saddle periodic orbit are lens spaces.We also see that when a fattened round handle is a connected sum of tori, the corresponding flow is also a trivial connected sum of flows.

  12. A THREE-DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE CENTER OF MASS FOR THREE DIFFERENT JUDO THROWING TECHNIQUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodney T. Imamura

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Four black belt throwers (tori and one black belt faller (uke were filmed and analyzed in three-dimensions using two video cameras (JVC 60 Hz and motion analysis software. Average linear momentum in the anteroposterior (x, vertical (y, and mediolateral (z directions and average resultant impulse of uke's center of mass (COM were investigated for three different throwing techniques; harai-goshi (hip throw, seoi-nage (hand throw, and osoto-gari (leg throw. Each throw was broken down into three main phases; kuzushi (balance breaking, tsukuri (fit-in, and kake (throw. For the harai-goshi and osoto-gari throws, impulse measurements were the largest within kuzushi and tsukuri phases (where collision between tori and uke predominantly occurs. Both throws indicated an importance for tori to create large momentum prior to contact with uke. The seoi-nage throw demonstrated the lowest impulse and maintained forward momentum on the body of uke throughout the entire throw. The harai-goshi and osoto-gari are considered power throws well-suited for large and strong judo players. The seoi-nage throw is considered more technical and is considered well-suited for shorter players with good agility. A form of resistance by uke was found during the kuzushi phase for all throws. The resistance which can be initiated by tori's push or pull allows for the tsukuri phase to occur properly by freezing uke for a good fit-in. Strategies for initiating an effective resistance include initiating movement of uke so that their COM is shifted to their left (for right handed throw by incorporating an instantaneous "snap pull" with the pulling hand during kuzushi to create an opposite movement from uke

  13. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-MMUS-14-0015 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MMUS-14-0015 gnl|UG|Mm#S17083928 OR_2o11A09_H07_001129_56.y1 Adult mouse olfac...tory epithelium library Mus musculus cDNA clone 2o11A09 5', mRNA sequence /clone=2o11A09 /clone_end=5' /gb=CB173244 /gi=37591873 /ug=Mm.329045 /len=588 2e-28 55% ...

  14. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-MMUS-02-0137 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MMUS-02-0137 gnl|UG|Mm#S17084020 OR_2o17A01_D08_001130_60.y1 Adult mouse olfac...tory epithelium library Mus musculus cDNA clone 2o17A01 5', mRNA sequence /clone=2o17A01 /clone_end=5' /gb=CB173341 /gi=37591970 /ug=Mm.223407 /len=533 7e-46 72% ...

  15. A simple spatiotemporal chaotic Lotka-Volterra model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sprott, J.C. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, 1150 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)] e-mail: sprott@physics.wisc.edu; Wildenberg, J.C. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, 1150 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)] e-mail: jcwildenberg@wisc.edu; Azizi, Yousef [Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] e-mail: joseph_azizi@yahoo.com

    2005-11-01

    A mathematically simple example of a high-dimensional (many-species) Lotka-Volterra model that exhibits spatiotemporal chaos in one spatial dimension is described. The model consists of a closed ring of identical agents, each competing for fixed finite resources with two of its four nearest neighbors. The model is prototypical of more complicated models in its quasiperiodic route to chaos (including attracting 3-tori), bifurcations, spontaneous symmetry breaking, and spatial pattern formation.

  16. ETSI reconfigurable radio systems : Status and future directions on software defined radio and cognitive radio standards

    OpenAIRE

    Mueck M.; Piipponen A.; Kalliojarvi K.; Dimitrakopoulos G.; Tsagkaris K.; Demestichas P.; Casadevall F.; Perez-Romero J.; Sallent O.; Baldini G.

    2010-01-01

    Feature Topic on Advances in IEEE Standards and Testbeds for Cognitive Radio Networks International audience This article details the current work status of the ETSI Reconfigurable Radio Systems Techni- cal Committee, positions the ETSI work with respect to other standards efforts (IEEE 802, IEEE SCC41) as well as the European Regula- tory Framework, and gives an outlook on the future evolution. In particular, software defined radio related study results are presented with a focus on SD...

  17. Interspecific hybridization and polyploidization as tools in ornamental plant breeding

    OpenAIRE

    Tuyl, van, J.M.; Kim, K. B.

    2003-01-01

    Interspecific hybridisation and polyploidy are recognized as the most impor-tant sources of evolution and domestication of flowering plants. In ornamental plant breeding these phenomena go hand in hand and can be observed in the breeding his-tory of many ornamental crops (Rosa, Chrysanthemum, Gladiolus, Alstroemeria, Lil-ium, orchids etc). With lily as model crop techniques developed for overcoming pre- and post-fertilisation barriers are reviewed. For overcoming F1-sterility mitotic and meio...

  18. Almost periodic solutions for a class of higher dimensional Schr(o)dinger equations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiansheng GENG

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we show that there are almost periodic solutions corresponding to full dimensional invariant tori for higher dimensional Schr(o)dinger equations with Fourier multiplier Jut- Δu + Mξu + f(|u|2)u =0, subject to periodic boundary conditions, where the nonlinearity f is a real-analytic function near u = 0 with f(0) = 0. The proof is based on an improved infinite dimensional KAM theorem.

  19. Bussijuhtide kindrali rasked päevad / Peep Peterson ; interv. Tanel Raig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, Peep, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Transpordi- ja Teetöötajate Ametiühingu esimees Peep Peterson vastab bussijuhtide ja tööandjate vahelisi lahkhelisid, ametiühinguliikumist ning kokkuleppe sõlmimist puudutavatele küsimustele. Kommenteerivad: Villem Tori. Streikija iseloomuga raske vastane; Henn Pärn. Peterson saavutas maksimumide maksimumi; Harri Taliga. Ametiühingu liidritel erinevad arusaamad. Lisa: Fakte eluloost

  20. Soe, kodune ja eestimaine / Ell-Maaja Randküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randküla, Ell-Maaja, 1939-2016

    2005-01-01

    Spa-hotell Georg Ots Kuressaares Tori t. 2. Sisekujundus: Liisi Murula ja Raili Paling, OÜ KOKO Arhitektid. Ehitaja: HEA 5. Hotell pälvis Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2004. a. aastapreemiate konkursil ühiskondliku interjööri preemia. L. Murulast ja R. Palingust, nende tähtsamad tööd. Ill.: 2 plaani, 15 värv. vaadet

  1. Arithmetic of Complex Manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Lange, Herbert

    1989-01-01

    It was the aim of the Erlangen meeting in May 1988 to bring together number theoretists and algebraic geometers to discuss problems of common interest, such as moduli problems, complex tori, integral points, rationality questions, automorphic forms. In recent years such problems, which are simultaneously of arithmetic and geometric interest, have become increasingly important. This proceedings volume contains 12 original research papers. Its main topics are theta functions, modular forms, abelian varieties and algebraic three-folds.

  2. Criteria for the density property of complex manifolds

    OpenAIRE

    Kaliman, Shulim; Kutzschebauch, Frank

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we suggest new effective criteria for the density property. This enables us to give a trivial proof of the original Anders\\'en-Lempert result and to establish (almost free of charge) the algebraic density property for all linear algebraic groups whose connected components are different from tori or $\\C_+$. As another application of this approach we tackle the question (asked among others by F. Forstneri\\v{c}) about the density of algebraic vector fields on Euclidean space vanish...

  3. Phase Synchronization in Coupled Oscillators: Dynamical Manifestations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑志刚; 胡岗; 胡斑比

    2001-01-01

    Phase synchronized entrainment of coupled oscillators with distributed natural frequencies is studied by exploring the dynamical manifestation. The route from partial to complete phase synchronization is identified as a cascade of transitions from high- to low-dimensional tori (quasiperiodicities) interrupted by intermittent chaos. Torus ON-OFF intermittency is found at the onset of desynchronization. Desynchronization-induced chaos originates from the mixing of intermittent ON-OFF timescales.

  4. Research in accelerator physics (theory)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report discusses: Arnold diffusion; recurrence of KAM Tori; Beam-beam Interaction; Isolated Difference Resonances and Particle Distribution; correction schemes of Nonlinear Effects; analysis of E778 Data: resonances in two-degrees-of-freedom; optimization of Linac Injector System; low energy Transport Helical Electrostatic Quadrupoles; Space Charge Problems in Low-Energy Booster Synchrotrons; development of improved beam dynamics treatment for Compact Synchrotrons; operation of Tevatron near Integer Tunes. LSP

  5. X-Ray Absorption, Nuclear Infrared Emission, and Dust Covering Factors of AGNs: Testing Unification Schemes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mateos, S.; Carrera, F. J.; Alonso-Herrero, A.; Hernán-Caballero, A.; Barcons, X.; Asensio Ramos, A.; Watson, M. G.; Blain, A.; Caccianiga, A.; Ballo, L.; Braito, V.; Ramos Almeida, C.

    2016-03-01

    We present the distributions of the geometrical covering factors of the dusty tori (f2) of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) using an X-ray selected complete sample of 227 AGNs drawn from the Bright Ultra-hard XMM-Newton Survey. The AGNs have z from 0.05 to 1.7, 2-10 keV luminosities between 1042 and 1046 erg s-1, and Compton-thin X-ray absorption. Employing data from UKIDSS, 2MASS, and the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer in a previous work, we determined the rest-frame 1-20 μm continuum emission from the torus, which we model here with the clumpy torus models of Nenkova et al. Optically classified type 1 and type 2 AGNs are intrinsically different, with type 2 AGNs having, on average, tori with higher f2 than type 1 AGNs. Nevertheless, ˜20% of type 1 AGNs have tori with large covering factors, while ˜23%-28% of type 2 AGNs have tori with small covering factors. Low f2 are preferred at high AGN luminosities, as postulated by simple receding torus models, although for type 2 AGNs the effect is certainly small. f2 increases with the X-ray column density, which implies that dust extinction and X-ray absorption take place in material that share an overall geometry and most likely belong to the same structure, the putative torus. Based on our results, the viewing angle, AGN luminosity, and also f2 determine the optical appearance of an AGN and control the shape of the rest-frame ˜1-20 μm nuclear continuum emission. Thus, the torus geometrical covering factor is a key ingredient of unification schemes.

  6. Crime and Punishment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LEO ZHANG

    2008-01-01

    @@ Insider trading has a long and venerated his-tory on the Chinese stock market. Back in ,the 1990s. the stock market was so plagued by retail investors scouting for so-called "insider tips"- often scams that led to massive losses for the investors-that authorities were forced to close down a slew of unethical trust firms and brokerages, crushing investor confidence and leading to an almost four-year bear market.

  7. Book review: can a woman be both a feminist and a Conservative?

    OpenAIRE

    Cowman, Krista

    2012-01-01

    Studies into female Conservatives are sparse compared to that of their Labour counterparts. The term “Conservative feminist” is still for many the ultimate oxymoron. Sex, Gender and the Conservative Party attempts to address this gap in the literature by examining the political choices and associations of female Tories. Krista Cowman thinks the book captures a party on the verge of change and offers a clear and concise picture of how it shifted its focus to its female members, merging quantit...

  8. Inventory Control Crucial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHRIS; DEVONSHIRE-ELLIS

    2008-01-01

    Inventory control is one of the most important business processes during the operation of a trading or manufacturing company as it relates to purchases,sales and logistic activities,In order to have clear inven- tory management,a company should focus not only on logistic management but also on sales and purchase management.The general view is that the warehouse serves as the most important component of inventory manage- ment and that the accounting department is

  9. On the Hyperbolic Structure of Moduli Spaces With 16 SUSYs

    OpenAIRE

    Motl, Lubos; Banks, Tom

    1999-01-01

    We study the asymptotic limits of the heterotic string theories compactified on tori. We find a bilinear form uniquely determined by dualities which becomes Lorentzian in the case of one spacetime dimension. For the case of the SO(32) theory, the limiting descriptions include SO(32) heterotic strings, type I, type IA and other T-duals, M-theory on K3, type IIA theory on K3 and type IIB theory on K3 and possibly new limits not understood yet.

  10. Dealing with Dilemmas of Difference - Ethical and Psychological Considerations of “Othering” and “Peer Dialogues” in the Research Encounter

    OpenAIRE

    Angela Kühner; Langer, Phil C.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we review two qualitative interview studies, in which dilemmas of difference played a decisive role. With regard to the first study, which focused on the influence of migration backgrounds in student’s perception of Holocaust Education in Germany, we discuss several research decisions that were made to avoid methodological othering. Concerning a study on HIV risk behavior of gay and bisexual men, psychological challenges of a participa-tory approach that involved peer interviewe...

  11. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in Forestry – State and Perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Heinimann, Hans Rudolf

    2012-01-01

    Environmentally sound technologies are a key to reduce resource use and environmental impact. The paper reviews the state of knowledge of an analysis tool, life cycle assessment (LCA), by addressing three issues: 1) methodological foundations of LCA, 2) lifecycle inven­tory modeling, and 3) environmental performance indicators for wood supply systems. The study results in the following findings: 1) LCA is still not widely used and accepted in the forest operations engineering. 2) Only a few s...

  12. Noncommutative Geometry in M-Theory and Conformal Field Theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morariu, Bogdan

    1999-05-01

    In the first part of the thesis I will investigate in the Matrix theory framework, the subgroup of dualities of the Discrete Light Cone Quantization of M-theory compactified on tori, which corresponds to T-duality in the auxiliary Type II string theory. After a review of matrix theory compactification leading to noncommutative supersymmetric Yang-Mills gauge theory, I will present solutions for the fundamental and adjoint sections on a two-dimensional twisted quantum torus and generalize to three-dimensional twisted quantum tori. After showing how M-theory T-duality is realized in supersymmetric Yang-Mills gauge theories on dual noncommutative tori I will relate this to the mathematical concept of Morita equivalence of C*-algebras. As a further generalization, I consider arbitrary Ramond-Ramond backgrounds. I will also discuss the spectrum of the toroidally compactified Matrix theory corresponding to quantized electric fluxes on two and three tori. In the second part of the thesis I will present an application to conformal field theory involving quantum groups, another important example of a noncommutative space. First, I will give an introduction to Poisson-Lie groups and arrive at quantum groups using the Feynman path integral. I will quantize the symplectic leaves of the Poisson-Lie group SU(2)*. In this way we obtain the unitary representations of U{sub q}(SU(2)). I discuss the X-structure of SU(2)* and give a detailed description of its leaves using various parametrizations. Then, I will introduce a new reality structure on the Heisenberg double of Fun{sub q} (SL(N,C)) for q phase, which can be interpreted as the quantum phase space of a particle on the q-deformed mass-hyperboloid. I also present evidence that the above real form describes zero modes of certain non-compact WZNW-models.

  13. Elust pealinna ristteel = Zhizn na perekrestke stolitsõ / Veronika Nuter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nuter, Veronika

    2007-01-01

    1980-ndate lõpul alanud ja 17 aastat kestnud Osten Tori ehituslugu. 2000. a. algatatakse detailplaneering kinnistule Pärnu mnt. 110 ja 110a, koostaja AB Künnapu & Padrik. Uue korterelamu arhitektuurse lahenduse saamiseks korraldatakse kolme Soome arhitektuuribüroo vahel konkurss, mille võidab Mustanen-Salminen-Vaarna OY ideekavand. Hoone projekti edasiarendamist jätkab Eesti büroo KPME OÜ. 2006. a. valminud hoone plussid ja miinused

  14. Thresholds to Chaos and Ionization for the Hydrogen Atom in Rotating Fields

    OpenAIRE

    Chandre, C; Farrelly, David; Uzer, T.

    2002-01-01

    We analyze the classical phase space of the hydrogen atom in crossed magnetic and circularly polarized microwave fields in the high frequency regime, using the Chirikov resonance overlap criterion and the renormalization map. These methods are used to compute thresholds to large scale chaos and to ionization. The effect of the magnetic field is a strong stabilization of a set of invariant tori which bound the trajectories and prevent stochastic ionization. In order to ionize, larger amplitude...

  15. Spherical tokamak development in Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ludwig, Gerson Otto; Bosco, Edson Del; Ferreira, Julio Guimaraes [Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil). Lab. Associado de Plasma] (and others)

    2003-07-01

    The general characteristics of spherical tokamaks, or spherical tori, with a brief view of work in this area already performed or in progress at several institutions worldwide are described. The paper presents also the steps in the development of the ETE (Experiment Tokamak spheric) project, its research program, technical characteristics and operating conditions as of December, 2002 a the Associated Plasma Laboratory (LAP) of the National Space Research Institute (INPE) in Brazil. (author)

  16. Spherical tokamak development in Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ludwig, G.O.; Del Bosco, E.; Ferreira, J.G.; Berni, L.A.; Oliveira, R.M.; Andrade, M.C.R.; Shibata, C.S.; Ueda, M.; Barroso, J.J.; Castro, P.J. [Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil). Lab. Associado de Plasma; Barbosa, L.F.W. [Universidade do Vale do Paraiba (UNIVAP), Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia, Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Patire Junior, H. [Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil). Div. de Mecanica Espacial e Controle; The high-power microwave sources group

    2003-12-01

    This paper describes the general characteristics of spherical tokamaks, or spherical tori, with a brief overview of work in this area already performed or in progress at several institutions worldwide. The paper presents also the steps in the development of the ETE (Experimento Tokamak Esferico) project, its research program, technical characteristics and operating conditions as of December, 2002 at the Associated Plasma Laboratory (LAP) of the National Space Research Institute (INPE) in Brazil. (author)

  17. Prevalence and pattern of torus palatinus and torus mandibularis among edentulous patients of Saudi Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AlZarea BK

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Bader K AlZarea Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Al Jouf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Background: The most remarkable exostoses of the human jaws are torus palatinus (TP and torus mandibularis (TM. The aim of the present study was to actuate the prevalence of TP and TM in relation to age and sex among the edentulous patients of Saudi Arabia.  Methods: The present study included 847 edentulous subjects (458 men and 389 women aged between 51 and 79 years. The subjects were examined for the existence of tori by clinical inspection and palpation. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS for Windows version.  Results: Among the 847 subjects, 149 (17.59% had either TP or TM. Sixty six (7.79% subjects had TP, whereas 83 (9.80% had TM. The maximum percentage (36.36% of tori was observed in the age-group of 60–69 years. The percentage of males with either tori was higher (19.0% when compared to females (15.94%. According to shape, the occurrence of flat-shaped TP (57.58% and bilateral solitary TM (39.76% was more common.  Conclusion: No significant difference in the presence of tori with respect to sex and age was observed. A comparatively increased prevalence of TP and TM was however observed, and this should be taken into consideration while planning for prosthodontic and periodontal therapy in these patients. Keywords: edentulous, prevalence, torus mandibularis, torus palatinus

  18. Stability theory of a confined toroidal plasma. Part II. Modified energy principle and growth rate. Technical summary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laurence, P.; Shen, M.C.

    1982-03-01

    Based upon the existence and uniqueness of a solution to the linearized Lundquist equations established previously, the modified energy principle for the sigma-stability of a confined toroidal plasma is rigorously justified. A variational principle is developed to find the infimum of sigma, and an estimate for the maximum growth rate is obtained. The results are also extended to a diffuse pinch and a multiple tori plasma.

  19. Reducing or enhancing chaos using periodic orbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachelard, R; Chandre, C; Leoncini, X

    2006-06-01

    A method to reduce or enhance chaos in Hamiltonian flows with two degrees of freedom is discussed. This method is based on finding a suitable perturbation of the system such that the stability of a set of periodic orbits changes (local bifurcations). Depending on the values of the residues, reflecting their linear stability properties, a set of invariant tori is destroyed or created in the neighborhood of the chosen periodic orbits. An application on a paradigmatic system, a forced pendulum, illustrates the method.

  20. Oncological Impact of M-Tor Inhibitor Immunosuppressive Therapy after Liver Transplantation for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarantino, Giuseppe; Magistri, Paolo; Ballarin, Roberto; Di Francia, Raffaele; Berretta, Massimiliano; Di Benedetto, Fabrizio

    2016-01-01

    Background: Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) represents the fifth most common malignancy and the third cancer-related cause of death worldwide. Hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) viral infections and alcohol abuse are the principal etiological factors for HCC. Liver transplantation (LT) is oncologically the preferable approach to HCC, as it can remove all the intrahepatic tumor foci, and also the oncogenic cirrhotic liver. The use of mTOR inhibitors (mTORi) for immunosuppression after LT for HCC has been proposed due to rapamycin antitumor activity. We decided to review the literature to clarify the oncological role of mTORi after liver transplantation for HCC, analyzing both present condition and future perspectives. Material and Methods: A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library Central. The search was limited to studies in humans and to those reported in the English language in the period of time between January 2005 and December 2015. Results: The literature search yielded 93 articles; after duplicates were removed, 77 titles and abstracts were reviewed. Most relevant data and papers are herein reported and discussed. Conclusions: So far, the use of mTORi is encouraging in terms of oncological outcomes for patients underwent LT for HCC, both for prevention and treatment of HCC recurrence although definitive data are still awaited.

  1. Initial data for general relativity containing a marginally outer trapped torus

    CERN Document Server

    Husa, S

    1996-01-01

    Asymptotically flat, time-symmetric, axially symmetric and conformally flat initial data for vacuum general relativity are studied numerically on R^3 with the interior of a standard torus cut out. By the choice of boundary condition the torus is marginally outer trapped, and thus a surface of minimal area. Apart from pure scaling the standard tori are parameterized by a radius a\\in [0,1], where a=0 corresponds to the limit where the boundary torus degenerates to a circle and a=1 to a torus that touches the axis of symmetry. Noting that these tori are the orbits of a U(1)\\times U(1) conformal isometry allows for a simple scheme to solve the constraint, involving numerical solution of only ordinary differential equations.The tori are unstable minimal surfaces (i.e. only saddle points of the area functional) and thus can not be apparent horizons, but are always surrounded by an apparent horizon of spherical topology, which is analyzed in the context of the hoop conjecture and isoperimetric inequality for black h...

  2. High ambient-contrast-ratio display using tandem reflective liquid crystal display and organic light-emitting device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jiun-Haw; Zhu, Xinyu; Lin, Yi-Hsin; Kit Choi, Wing; Lin, Tien-Chun; Hsu, Sheng-Chih; Lin, Hoang-Yan; Wu, Shin-Tson

    2005-11-01

    A high ambient-contrast-ratio (A-CR) and large aperture-ratio display is conceptually demonstrated and experimentally validated by stacking a normally black reflective liquid crystal display (NB-RLCD) and an organic light-emitting device (OLED). Such a tandem device can be switched between the NB-RLCD mode and the OLED mode under bright and dark ambient light, respectively. The normally black characteristic of the RLCD also helps to boost the A-CR under OLED-mode operation. To obtain a better image quality in the RLCD mode, a bumpy and transmissive structure is used to eliminate the specular reflection and to increase the viewing angle performance that results in CR>2:1 over 55° viewing cone. Besides, such a structure can also increase the external quantum efficiency of the OLED by 49.4%. In our experiments, regardless of the ambient intensity the A-CR is kept higher than 100:1.

  3. Configurational analysis of an EBT reactor in various magnetic geometries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Owen, L.W.; Uckan, N.A.

    1980-01-01

    Optimization of vacuum field particle confinement in an ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) reactor has been considered. Several methods of improving the efficient utilization of magnetic fields and the particle confinement characteristics of a reactor have been analyzed. These include the use of (1) magnets with a large mirror ratio, (2) high field Nb/sub 3/Sn or Nb/sub 3/Sn/NbTi hybrid mirror coils, (3) split-wedge mirror coils, (4) aspect ratio enhancement (ARE) coils, and (5) recently developed field symmetrizing (SYM) coils. Of these, particle drift orbits and three-dimensional tensor pressure equilibrium calculations have shown that the ARE and SYM coils used in conjunction with high field magnets offer the most promise of good plasma performance in a smaller size (up to 50%) EBT reactor. The relative merits of each magnetic configuration are discussed, and the design characteristics are given.

  4. Vibration Energy Harvesting on Vehicle Suspension Using Rotary and Linear Electromagnetic Generator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Indro Sultoni

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss comparation of vehicle vibration energy harvesting between rotary and linear electromagnetic generator. We construct the two model of energy harvester mechanism and then analyze both of energy absorbtion and vehicle comfortability. Furthermore, we analyze both of energy absorbtion and vehicle comfortability. Vehicle is modeled as quarter car. Rotarty generator harvests 2.5 x 10-4 Watt. The other hand, linear generator has viscous characteristic and capable to generates 90 Watts with 12 Volt power supply for 0.03 m amplitude of bumpy road input. Linear generator reduces oscillation with 1.2 sec settling time. It is more comfort than the angular which has 3 sec in settling time. With unnevenees road input, mean power of this generator is 64 Watt.

  5. Design and vibration control of military vehicle suspension system using magnetorheological damper and disc spring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper proposes a new type of magnetorheological (MR) fluid based suspension system and applies it to military vehicles for vibration control. The suspension system consists of a gas spring, a MR damper and a safety passive damper (disc spring). Firstly, a dynamic model of the MR damper is derived by considering the pressure drop due to the viscosity and the yield stress of the MR fluid. A dynamic model of the disc spring is then established for its evaluation as a safety damper with respect to load and pressure. Secondly, a full military vehicle is adopted for the integration of the MR suspension system. A skyhook controller associated with a semi-active actuating condition is then designed to reduce the imposed vibration. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed MR suspension system, a computer simulation is undertaken showing the vibration control performance of such properties as vertical displacement and pitch angle, evaluated for a bumpy road profile. (paper)

  6. Production of Structural Colors with High Contrast and Wide Viewing Angles from Assemblies of Polypyrrole Black Coated Polystyrene Nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiaoming; Ge, Dengteng; Wu, Gaoxiang; Liao, Zhiwei; Yang, Shu

    2016-06-29

    Structural color with wide viewing angles has enormous potential applications in pigment, ink formulation, displays, and sensors. However, colors obtained from colloidal assemblies with low refractive index contrast or without black additives typically appear pale. Here, we prepare polypyrrole (PPy) black coated polystyrene (PS) nanoparticles and demonstrate well-defined colors with high color contrast and wide viewing angles under ambient light. Depending on the loading of pyrrole during polymerization, PPy nanogranules of different sizes and coverages are grafted to the surface of PS nanoparticles. The bumpy particles can self-assemble into quasi-amorphous arrays, resulting in low angle dependent structure colors under ambient light. The color can be tuned by the size of the PS nanoparticles, and the presence of the PPy black on PS nanoparticles enhances the color contrast by suppressing incoherent and multiple scattering.

  7. National RF Test Facility as a multipurpose development tool

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Additions and modifications to the National RF Test Facility design have been made that (1) focus its use for technology development for future large systems in the ion cyclotron range of frequencies (ICRF), (2) expand its applicability to technology development in the electron cyclotron range of frequencies (ECRF) at 60 GHz, (3) provide a facility for ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) 60-GHz ring physics studies, and (4) permit engineering studies of steady-state plasma systems, including superconducting magnet performance, vacuum vessel heat flux removal, and microwave protection. The facility will continue to function as a test bed for generic technology developments for ICRF and the lower hybrid range of frequencies (LHRF). The upgraded facility is also suitable for mirror halo physics experiments

  8. Russia's Development Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Acomplex process characterizes the evolvement of Russia's development strategy from general and ambiguous to specific and clear. In the immediate post-independence days, former President Boris Yeltsin's zeal for wholesale leaning to and meshing with the West only ended up in the loss of initiative and national assertiveness. Since his assumption of office, President Vladimir Putin came up with a "national resurgence strategy" aimed at economic rejuvenation for recovery of the country's status as a big power by proceeding from its current post-Soviet weakened conditions. This pragmatic popular approach is generally believed to have a rosy future ahead.Even so it would still be a bumpy, uphill path, replete with challenges due to trammels of domestic opposition and resentment or obstruction from the West. In addressing these issues under international limelight, after briefly reviewing Russia's post-independence trajectory, this article will focus on President Putin's "strong national strategy" and do some crystal ball gazing for its future.

  9. An Increase in Estimation Accuracy Position Determination of Inertial Measurement Units

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beran Ladislav

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with an increase in measurement accuracy of the Inertial Measurement Units (IMU. In the Inertial Navigation Systems (INS a fusion of gyroscopes, accelerometers and in some cases magnetometers are typically used. The typical problem of cheap IMU is non-stationary offset and high level of noise. The next problem of IMU is a problem with a bumpy floor. For this case it is necessary to a have high quality chassis to eliminate additional noise. Also, it is possible to eliminate this noise by using some algorithm, but results are still poor. These properties lead to the inaccurate position estimation in the integration process. Even a small offset error leads to a big mistake in position determination and grows quickly with a time. This research is focused on the elimination of these poor properties and increase of accuracy of position estimation using Kalman Filtration.

  10. Magnetics transport aspects of EBTR reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The magnetic model developed for the ELMO Bumpy Torus Reactor (EBTR) study is described. A multiple-loop current simulation of toroidal-field (TF) and aspect-ratio-enhancement (ARE) coils is used to calculate the vacuum magnetic field. The bounce-averaged vertical drift velocity, v/sub y/, and poloidal drift frequency, Ω, are determined from the field topology. Upon performing the appropriate averages of v/sub y/ and Ω, the point-plasma toroidal curvature, R/sub T/, and magnetic curvature, R/sub c/, are obtained for use in modeling EBT transport. In addition, the fraction, f/sub α/, of alpha particles completing their first orbit within the plasma is calculated

  11. Atmospheric radionuclide transport model with radon postprocessor and SBG module. Model description version 2.8.0; ARTM. Atmosphaerisches Radionuklid-Transport-Modell mit Radon Postprozessor und SBG-Modul. Modellbeschreibung zu Version 2.8.0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richter, Cornelia; Sogalla, Martin; Thielen, Harald; Martens, Reinhard

    2015-04-20

    The study on the atmospheric radionuclide transport model with radon postprocessor and SBG module (model description version 2.8.0) covers the following issues: determination of emissions, radioactive decay, atmospheric dispersion calculation for radioactive gases, atmospheric dispersion calculation for radioactive dusts, determination of the gamma cloud radiation (gamma submersion), terrain roughness, effective source height, calculation area and model points, geographic reference systems and coordinate transformations, meteorological data, use of invalid meteorological data sets, consideration of statistical uncertainties, consideration of housings, consideration of bumpiness, consideration of terrain roughness, use of frequency distributions of the hourly dispersion situation, consideration of the vegetation period (summer), the radon post processor radon.exe, the SBG module, modeling of wind fields, shading settings.

  12. Introduction to magnetic equilibria and single-particle orbits in the square configuration of EBT: a tutorial

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Here we discuss the ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) magnetic equilibrium properties and single-particle orbit characteristics of the square configuration of ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT). The intent is to make this aspect of the theory accessible to those unfamiliar with the general aspects of EBT theory. In particular, we attempt to include sufficient detail to enable the interested reader to reproduce the analytic development without excessive effort. Recognizing that many will not have the time or inclination for such an effort, most of the main features are discussed briefly in the introduction. The more formal developments, as well as what we have found to be useful interpretations of the mathematics, are contained in the body of the text. So as not to obscure the basic arguments unduly with algebraic detail, lengthy mathematical developments have been relegated to appendixes

  13. Extreme coronagraphy with an adaptive hologram Simulations of exo-planet imaging

    CERN Document Server

    Ricci, D; Labeyrie, A; 10.1051/0004-6361/200811529

    2009-01-01

    Aims. We present a solution to improve the performance of coronagraphs for the detection of exo-planets. Methods. We simulate numerically several kinds of coronagraphic systems, with the aim of evaluating the gain obtained with an adaptive hologram. Results. The detection limit in flux ratio between a star and a planet (Fs/Fp) observed with an apodized Lyot coronagraph characterized by wavefront bumpiness imperfections of lambda/20 (resp. lambda/100) turns out to be increased by a factor of 10^3.4 (resp. 10^5.1) when equipped with a hologram. Conclusions. This technique could provide direct imaging of an exo-Earth at a distance of 11 parsec with a 6.5m space telescope such as the JWST with the optical quality of the HST.

  14. Beta limits in EBT and their implications for a reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Because of uncertainties in extrapolating results of simplified models to a reactor plasma, the parameters that influence the beta limits cannot be determined accurately at the present time. Also, reasonable changes within the models and/or assumptions are seen to affect the core beta limits by almost an order of magnitude. Hence, at the present, these limits cannot be used as rigid (and reliable) requirement for ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) reactor engineering considerations. However, sensitivity studies can be carried out to determine the boundaries of the operating regime and to demonstrate the effects of various modes, assumptions, and models on reactor performance (Q value). First the modes believed to limit the core β and ring plasma performance are discussed, and the simplifications and/or assumptions involved in deriving these limits are highlighted. Then, the implications of these limits for a reactor are given

  15. Making time for what's important: what elements should we value when planning practice-based professional training?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, J C; Clements, S

    2016-08-12

    Newly qualified professional healthcare graduates, whether training to become doctors, dentists, veterinary surgeons or nurses, tend to need some support as they take their first steps along that bumpy road from university to confident, competent practice. We identify some key features of the UK programme of dental practice-based training to acknowledge its strengths - 12 months of clinical practice within a well-established dental team, one-to-one weekly meetings with the same dedicated mentor, regular peer learning with the same group of peers over 12 months and the opportunity to observe role models from the profession including training programme directors and other general dental practitioners (GDPs). This educational programme is unique to dentistry and this article outlines why we believe it is important to value these features when designing postgraduate professional training in healthcare sciences. PMID:27514338

  16. Fusion research at ORNL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ORNL Fusion Program includes the experimental and theoretical study of two different classes of magnetic confinement schemes - systems with helical magnetic fields, such as the tokamak and stellarator, and the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) class of toroidally linked mirror systems; the development of technologies, including superconducting magnets, neutral atomic beam and radio frequency (rf) heating systems, fueling systems, materials, and diagnostics; the development of databases for atomic physics and radiation effects; the assessment of the environmental impact of magnetic fusion; and the design of advanced demonstration fusion devices. The program involves wide collaboration, both within ORNL and with other institutions. The elements of this program are shown. This document illustrates the program's scope; and aims by reviewing recent progress

  17. EBT reactor systems analysis and cost code: description and users guide (Version 1)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) reactor systems analysis and cost code that incorporates the most recent advances in EBT physics has been written. The code determines a set of reactors that fall within an allowed operating window determined from the coupling of ring and core plasma properties and the self-consistent treatment of the coupled ring-core stability and power balance requirements. The essential elements of the systems analysis and cost code are described, along with the calculational sequences leading to the specification of the reactor options and their associated costs. The input parameters, the constraints imposed upon them, and the operating range over which the code provides valid results are discussed. A sample problem and the interpretation of the results are also presented

  18. Atmospheric radionuclide transport model with radon postprocessor and SBG module. Model description version 2.8.0

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study on the atmospheric radionuclide transport model with radon postprocessor and SBG module (model description version 2.8.0) covers the following issues: determination of emissions, radioactive decay, atmospheric dispersion calculation for radioactive gases, atmospheric dispersion calculation for radioactive dusts, determination of the gamma cloud radiation (gamma submersion), terrain roughness, effective source height, calculation area and model points, geographic reference systems and coordinate transformations, meteorological data, use of invalid meteorological data sets, consideration of statistical uncertainties, consideration of housings, consideration of bumpiness, consideration of terrain roughness, use of frequency distributions of the hourly dispersion situation, consideration of the vegetation period (summer), the radon post processor radon.exe, the SBG module, modeling of wind fields, shading settings.

  19. Field errors in EBT and their effects on the ambipolar potential

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Because the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) is a closed field line device, it is very sensitive to small magnetic field asymmetries - field errors (ΔB/B less than or equal to 1.5 x 10-4). Such field errors are unavoidable due to minute coil misalignments (0.25 mm) and the ubiquitous earth's field (B approx. 5 x 10-5 T). If the inherent error field of the device is large enough, it causes: (1) a distortion of the poloidal symmetry of the potential profile and even a total disappearance of the ambipolar potential well, leading in turn to a deterioration of the plasma confinement parameters; (2) the establishment of a toroidal current and, therefore, enhancement of fluctuations; and (3) an opening of the confined closed drift surfaces that increases particular diffusion

  20. Tubular initial conditions and ridge formation

    CERN Document Server

    Borysova, M S; Karpenko, Iu A; Shapoval, V M; Sinyukov, Yu M

    2013-01-01

    The 2D azimuth & rapidity structure of the two-particle correlations in relativistic A+A collisions is altered significantly by the presence of sharp inhomogeneities in superdense matter formed in such processes. The causality constraints enforce one to associate the long-range longitudinal correlations observed in a narrow angular interval, the so-called (soft) ridge, with peculiarities of the initial conditions of collision process. This study's objective is to analyze whether multiform initial tubular structures, undergoing the subsequent hydrodynamic evolution and gradual decoupling, can form the soft ridges. Motivated by the flux-tube scenarios, the initial energy density distribution contains the different numbers of high density tube-like boost-invariant inclusions that form a bumpy structure in the transverse plane. The influence of various structures of such initial conditions in the most central A+A events on the collective evolution of matter, resulting spectra, angular particle correlations an...

  1. Estimation of high altitude Martian dust parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pabari, Jayesh; Bhalodi, Pinali

    2016-07-01

    Dust devils are known to occur near the Martian surface mostly during the mid of Southern hemisphere summer and they play vital role in deciding background dust opacity in the atmosphere. The second source of high altitude Martian dust could be due to the secondary ejecta caused by impacts on Martian Moons, Phobos and Deimos. Also, the surfaces of the Moons are charged positively due to ultraviolet rays from the Sun and negatively due to space plasma currents. Such surface charging may cause fine grains to be levitated, which can easily escape the Moons. It is expected that the escaping dust form dust rings within the orbits of the Moons and therefore also around the Mars. One more possible source of high altitude Martian dust is interplanetary in nature. Due to continuous supply of the dust from various sources and also due to a kind of feedback mechanism existing between the ring or tori and the sources, the dust rings or tori can sustain over a period of time. Recently, very high altitude dust at about 1000 km has been found by MAVEN mission and it is expected that the dust may be concentrated at about 150 to 500 km. However, it is mystery how dust has reached to such high altitudes. Estimation of dust parameters before-hand is necessary to design an instrument for the detection of high altitude Martian dust from a future orbiter. In this work, we have studied the dust supply rate responsible primarily for the formation of dust ring or tori, the life time of dust particles around the Mars, the dust number density as well as the effect of solar radiation pressure and Martian oblateness on dust dynamics. The results presented in this paper may be useful to space scientists for understanding the scenario and designing an orbiter based instrument to measure the dust surrounding the Mars for solving the mystery. The further work is underway.

  2. Arsenic trioxide overcomes rapamycin-induced feedback activation of AKT and ERK signaling to enhance the anti-tumor effects in breast cancer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Guilbert

    Full Text Available Inhibitors of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTORi have clinical activity; however, the benefits of mTOR inhibition by rapamycin and rapamycin-derivatives (rapalogs may be limited by a feedback mechanism that results in AKT activation. Increased AKT activity resulting from mTOR inhibition can be a result of increased signaling via the mTOR complex, TORC2. Previously, we published that arsenic trioxide (ATO inhibits AKT activity and in some cases, decreases AKT protein expression. Therefore, we propose that combining ATO and rapamycin may circumvent the AKT feedback loop and increase the anti-tumor effects. Using a panel of breast cancer cell lines, we find that ATO, at clinically-achievable doses, can enhance the inhibitory activity of the mTORi temsirolimus. In all cell lines, temsirolimus treatment resulted in AKT activation, which was decreased by concomitant ATO treatment only in those cell lines where ATO enhanced growth inhibition. Treatment with rapalog also results in activated ERK signaling, which is decreased with ATO co-treatment in all cell lines tested. We next tested the toxicity and efficacy of rapamycin plus ATO combination therapy in a MDA-MB-468 breast cancer xenograft model. The drug combination was well-tolerated, and rapamycin did not increase ATO-induced liver enzyme levels. In addition, combination of these drugs was significantly more effective at inhibiting tumor growth compared to individual drug treatments, which corresponded with diminished phospho-Akt and phospho-ERK levels when compared with rapamycin-treated tumors. Therefore, we propose that combining ATO and mTORi may overcome the feedback loop by decreasing activation of the MAPK and AKT signaling pathways.

  3. Locke and the education of the adolescent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco T. Baciero Ruiz

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available John Locke has been considered one of the leading figures in the His- tory of Philosophy, specially for his two famous treatises An Essay concerning Human understanding and Two Treatises on Government. None the less his work in Pedagogy, Some thougths concerning Education, is no less important, and provides the leading strings of that what ought to be the education of the gentleman, whose unavoidable foundation must be a solid education in virtue grounded in the moral principles of Christianity. Key words: Locke, Moral education, Spanish authors of the XVIth century. 

  4. Mõisaarhitektuur 18. sajandi algul ja keskpaigas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Aadlimõisad. Esimesed sõjajärgsed mõisahooned (Sandla, Välgita, Tori, Keskvere). Peterburist saadud tulude toel kerkinud mõisad (Lagedi, Räpina, Pornuse, Abja, Polli, Karksi, Albu, Rannu, Ahja jt.). Kohaliku aadli mõisad (Palmse, Sagadi (ehitusmeister Johann Nicolaus Vogel, 1753), Suuremõisa, Luua, Ruusmäe, Saare jt.). Ansambel kui ajastu peegel (Suhtlema, Andja, Õisu, Kõo). Rokokoolike joonte tugevnemine (Põltsamaa loss (stukimeister Johann Michael Graff, maalikunstnik Friedrich Hartmann Barisien), Sargvere, Maidla, Ohtu, Ääsmäe, Saue). Bibliograafia lk. 452-453

  5. Diverse Response of Growth Stages of Brassica Varieties to Lipaphis erysimi Kaltenbach (Homoptera: Aphididae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A. Rahman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted to know the diverse response on growth stages of mustard varieties to mustard aphids. Among ten mustard varieties, the maximum aphid population was recorded on Tori-7 at flowering stage but the population reached to the peak in BS-5 variety. Pod formation stage was more vulnerable for aphid infestation and increased population. Aphid infestation received higher at pod formation stage than flowering stage and consequently produced lower yield. Moreover, experiment indicated that aphid infestation were severe in 2007 as compared to 2006 in respect of percent infestation and number of aphids per plant under study.

  6. Uus plaat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Celine Dion "1 fille & 4 types", "Travel Hits", Richard Clayderman "What A Wonderful World", Francis Gaya "Gold", David Bovie "Reality", Metro Luminal "Ainult rottidele", P.O.D. "Payable On Death", Tuulemaa "Küll süda teab", Tori Amos "Tales of a Librarian", Red Hot Chili Pepüers "Greatest Hits", Michael Jackson "Number Ones", Stone Temple Pilots "Thank You", Sonique "Born To Be Free", The Black Eyed Peas "Elephunk", Obie Trice "Cheers", One-T "L'album", "The Lords of Mystery", Ludacris "Chicken Beer", Lumidee "Almoust Famous", Robert Plant "Sixty Six To Timbuktu", Enrique Iglesias "Seven"

  7. CTR plasma engineering studies. Annual progress report, 1 November 1983-30 October 1984

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report covers research on the following topics: (1) transport in compact tori, (2) bremsstrahlung energy deposition in first wall materials, (3) Coulombic energy transfer collisions, (4) magnetic helicity injection study, (5) blankets for tritium catalyzed deuterium fusion reactors, (6) exploratory studies of applications of optimal control theory, (7) design of a burn dynamic experiment, (8) alpha driven low frequency fast magnetosonic wave microinstability in tandem mirror, (9) fusion product heating and confinement in a tandem mirror, and (10) velocity-space particle loss in field reversed configurations

  8. Bifurcation structure of the C-type period-doubling transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laugesen, Jakob Lund; Mosekilde, Erik; Zhusubaliyev, Zhanybai T.

    2012-01-01

    (Arneodo et al. (1983) [15]). Using the Rössler system as an example, we present a detailed analysis of the bifurcation structure associated with the forcing of a three-dimensional period-doubling system. We explain how this structure is related to the recently discovered phenomenon of multi-layered tori...... and discuss different bifurcation scenarios that transform a resonance torus into a period-doubled ergodic torus. Similar bifurcation phenomena have recently been observed in a biologically relevant model of kidney blood flow regulation in response to fluctuations in arterial pressure....

  9. Invariant manifolds and global bifurcations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guckenheimer, John; Krauskopf, Bernd; Osinga, Hinke M; Sandstede, Björn

    2015-09-01

    Invariant manifolds are key objects in describing how trajectories partition the phase spaces of a dynamical system. Examples include stable, unstable, and center manifolds of equilibria and periodic orbits, quasiperiodic invariant tori, and slow manifolds of systems with multiple timescales. Changes in these objects and their intersections with variation of system parameters give rise to global bifurcations. Bifurcation manifolds in the parameter spaces of multi-parameter families of dynamical systems also play a prominent role in dynamical systems theory. Much progress has been made in developing theory and computational methods for invariant manifolds during the past 25 years. This article highlights some of these achievements and remaining open problems.

  10. 鞍形CT的感兴趣区图像重建%ROI-image Reconstruction for a Saddle Trajectory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏丹; 余立锋; 邹宇

    2005-01-01

    Recently, we have developed a general formula for 3D cone-beam CT reconstruction, which can accommondate general, smooth trajectories. From the formula, algorithms can be derived for image reconstruction within a region of interest (ROI) from truncated data. In this work, we apply the derived backprojection filteration (BPF) algorithm and the minimum-data filtered backprojection (MD-FBP) algorithm to reconstructing ROI images from cone-beam projection data acquired with a saddle trajec-tory. Our numerical results in these studies demonstrate that the BPF and MD-FBP algorithms can accurately reconstruct ROI images from truncated data.

  11. Regularization and error assignment to unfolded distributions

    CERN Document Server

    Zech, Gunter

    2011-01-01

    The commonly used approach to present unfolded data only in graphical formwith the diagonal error depending on the regularization strength is unsatisfac-tory. It does not permit the adjustment of parameters of theories, the exclusionof theories that are admitted by the observed data and does not allow the com-bination of data from different experiments. We propose fixing the regulariza-tion strength by a p-value criterion, indicating the experimental uncertaintiesindependent of the regularization and publishing the unfolded data in additionwithout regularization. These considerations are illustrated with three differentunfolding and smoothing approaches applied to a toy example.

  12. Output tracking control of mobile manipulators based on dynamical sliding-mode control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Yuxiang; FENG Ying; HU Yueming

    2007-01-01

    A dynamical sliding-mode controller is devised to track the output of mobile manipulators. During the investi- gation, firstly a reduced dynamic model considering the dynamics of the driving motor is developed for mobile manipulators. Then, the system is decomposed into four lower-dimensional subsystems by means of diffeomorphism and nonlinear input transformation. Moreover, a design method of the dynamical sliding-mode controller that is applied to the output tracking of mobile manipulators is proposed. The simulation results indicate that the dynamical sliding-mode controller can not only track the given trajec- tory correctly but also reduce the chattering of sliding-mode control system considerably.

  13. Jet and Torus Orientations in High Redshift Radio Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Drouart, G; Vernet, J; Laing, R A; Seymour, N; Stern, D; Haas, M; Pier, E A; Rocca-Volmerange, B

    2012-01-01

    We examine the relative orientation of radio jets and dusty tori surrounding the AGN in powerful radio galaxies at z > 1. The radio core dominance R = P(20 GHz) /P(500 MHz) serves as an orientation indicator, measuring the ratio between the anisotropic Doppler-beamed core extended core emission and the isotropic lobe emission. Assuming a fixed cylindrical geometry for the hot, dusty torus, we derive its inclination i by fitting optically-thick radiative transfer models to spectral energy distributions obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope. We find a highly significant anti-correlation (p 1.3.

  14. Deformable Simplicial Complexes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Misztal, Marek Krzysztof

    In this dissertation we present a novel method for deformable interface tracking in 2D and 3D|deformable simplicial complexes (DSC). Deformable interfaces are used in several applications, such as fluid simulation, image analysis, reconstruction or structural optimization. In the DSC method, the ....... One particular advantage of DSC is the fact that as an alternative to topology adaptivity, topology control is also possible. This is exploited in the construction of cut loci on tori where a front expands from a single point on a torus and stops when it self-intersects....

  15. Tarpeettoman hinta : Käytettyjen tavaroiden hinnoittelu vertaisverkkokaupassa

    OpenAIRE

    Virtanen, Vanessa

    2016-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli perehtyä niihin asioihin, jotka vaikuttavat käytettyjen tuotteiden hinnoitteluun vertaisverkkokaupassa. Vertaiskauppa on yksityisten kuluttajien välistä kaupankäyntiä, jonka kohteena ovat useimmiten käytetyt tavarat. 2000-luvun alusta alkaen vertaiskaupan markkinat ovat selvästi siirtyneet perinteisiltä kirpputoreilta internetin sivustoille, joista tunnetuimpia Suomessa ovat Huuto.net ja Tori.fi. Hinnoittelu tarkoittaa prosessia, jossa tuotteelle tai ...

  16. And action: TV sentiment and the US consumer

    OpenAIRE

    Uhl, Matthias W.

    2010-01-01

    With a novel dataset, we test whether sentiment in TV news can be used as a proxy for consumer sentiment in order to explain changes in private consumption growth in the United States. The University of Michigan Index of Consumer Sentiment is taken to compare its explana- tory power with TV sentiment in classical consumer behavior models. We _nd that TV sentiment can be used at least as good a proxy for consumer sentiment as the Index of Consumer Sentiment, while TV sentiment can best explain...

  17. More on non-supersymmetric asymmetric orbifolds with vanishing cosmological constant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugawara, Yuji; Wada, Taiki

    2016-08-01

    We explore various non-supersymmetric type II string vacua constructed based on asymmetric orbifolds of tori with vanishing cosmological constant at the one loop. The string vacua we present are modifications of the models studied in [14], of which orbifold group is just generated by a single element. We especially focus on two types of modifications: (i) the orbifold twists include different types of chiral reflections not necessarily removing massless Rarita-Schwinger fields in the 4-dimensional space-time, (ii) the orbifold twists do not include the shift operator. We further discuss the unitarity and stability of constructed non-supersymmetric string vacua, with emphasizing the common features of them.

  18. Modeling optical and UV polarization of AGNs. III. From uniform-density to clumpy regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marin, F.; Goosmann, R. W.; Gaskell, C. M.

    2015-05-01

    Context. A growing body of evidence suggests that some, if not all, scattering regions of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are clumpy. The inner AGN components cannot be spatially resolved with current instruments and must be studied by numerical simulations of observed spectroscopy and polarization data. Aims: We run radiative transfer models in the optical/UV for a variety of AGN reprocessing regions with different distributions of clumpy scattering media. We obtain geometry-sensitive polarization spectra and images to improve our previous AGN models and their comparison with the observations. Methods: We use the latest public version 1.2 of the Monte Carlo code stokes presented in the first two papers of this series to model AGN reprocessing regions of increasing morphological complexity. We replace previously uniform-density media with up to thousands of constant-density clumps. We couple a continuum source to fragmented equatorial scattering regions, polar outflows, and toroidal obscuring dust regions and investigate a wide range of geometries. We also consider different levels of fragmentation in each scattering region to evaluate the importance of fragmentation for the net polarization of the AGN. Results: In comparison with uniform-density models, equatorial distributions of gas and dust clouds result in grayer spectra and show a decrease in the net polarization percentage at all lines of sight. The resulting polarization position angle depends on the morphology of the clumpy structure, with extended tori favoring parallel polarization while compact tori produce orthogonal polarization position angles. In the case of polar scattering regions, fragmentation increases the net polarization unless the cloud filling factor is small. A complete AGN model constructed from the individual, fragmented regions can produce low polarization percentages (<2%), with a parallel polarization angle for observer inclinations up to 70° for a torus half opening angle of 60°. For

  19. General-relativistic rotation laws in rotating fluid bodies, new weak-field effects and the post-newtonian expansion

    CERN Document Server

    Mach, Patryk; Pirog, Michal

    2015-01-01

    Recent general-relativistic extensions of Newtonian rotation laws for self-gravitating stationary fluids allow one to rederive, in the first post-Newtonian approximation, the well known geometric dragging of frames, and two new weak-field effects within rotating tori. These are the recently discovered anti-dragging and a new effect that measures the deviation from the Keplerian motion and/or the contribution of the fluids selfgravity. They can be applied to the study of the existence of the (post-)Newtonian limits of solutions and in investigations of inequalities relating parameters of rotating black holes.

  20. Nontrivial dynamics in the early stages of inflation

    CERN Document Server

    Calzetta, E A

    1995-01-01

    Abstract: Inflationary cosmologies, regarded as dynamical systems, have rather simple asymptotic behavior, insofar as the cosmic baldness principle holds. Nevertheless, in the early stages of an inflationary process, the dynamical behavior may be very complex. In this paper, we show how even a simple inflationary scenario, based on Linde's ``chaotic inflation'' proposal, manifests nontrivial dynamical effects such as the breakup of invariant tori, formation of cantori and Arnol'd's diffusion. The relevance of such effects is highlighted by the fact that even the occurrence or not of inflation in a given Universe is dependent upon them.

  1. Gene : CBRC-GGOR-01-0100 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 98% ref|NP_001004479.1| olfactory receptor, family 11, subfamily H, member 4 [Homo sapiens] sp|Q8NGC9|O11H4_...transmembrane helix receptor [Homo sapiens] tpg|DAA04853.1| TPA_inf: olfactory receptor OR14-36 [Homo sapi...ens] gb|EAW66484.1| olfactory receptor, family 11, subfamily H, member 4 [Homo sapi...ens] gb|AAI37056.1| Olfactory receptor, family 11, subfamily H, member 4 [Homo sapiens] gb|AAI37055.1| Olfac...tory receptor, family 11, subfamily H, member 4 [Homo sapiens] dbj|BAI47453.1| ol

  2. Drug: D00169 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available (TN) C14H10Cl2NO2. Na. H2O 335.0092 336.1457 D00169.gif Anti-inflammatory ATC code: M01AG04 M02AA18 cyclooxy...tory Drugs Meclofenamate D00169 Meclofenamate sodium (USP) Anti-inflammatory Agents Nonsteroidal Anti-inflam...0169 Meclofenamate sodium (USP) USP drug classification [BR:br08302] Analgesics Nonsteroidal Anti-inflamma...matory Drugs Meclofenamate D00169 Meclofenamate sodium (USP) Target-based classific

  3. Drug: D00151 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available id D00151 Mefenamic acid (JP16/USP/INN) USP drug classification [BR:br08302] Analgesics Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory... Drugs Mefenamic acid D00151 Mefenamic acid (JP16/USP/INN) Anti-inflammatory Agents Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory...D00151 Drug Mefenamic acid (JP16/USP/INN); Ponstel (TN) C15H15NO2 241.1103 241.2851 D00151.gif Anti-inflamma...tory; Analgesic Same as: C02168 Therapeutic category: 1141 ATC code: M01AG01 cycloo

  4. Drug: D00567 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available elecoxib (JAN/USAN/INN) USP drug classification [BR:br08302] Analgesics Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory... Drugs Celecoxib D00567 Celecoxib (JAN/USAN/INN) Anti-inflammatory Agents Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory...D00567 Drug Celecoxib (JAN/USAN/INN); Celebrex (TN) C17H14F3N3O2S 381.0759 381.3722 D00567.gif Anti-inflamma...tory and analgesic [cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor] [DS:H00445 H00630] Same as: C07589

  5. New results from the multi-object Keck Exoplanet Tracker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. C. van Eyken

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The W. M. Keck Exoplanet Tracker is a pre- cision Doppler radial velocity instrument for extrasolar planet detection based on a new technique, dispersed fixed-delay interferome- try (DFDI, which allows for multi-object sur- veying for the first time. Installed at the 2.5- m Sloan telescope at Apache Point Observa- tory, the combination of Michelson interfer- ometer and medium resolution spectrograph (Erskine & Ge 2000; Ge 2002 allows design for simultaneous Doppler measurements of 60 targets (Ge et al. 2005.

  6. Towards a Noncommutative Geometric Approach to Matrix Compactification

    CERN Document Server

    Ho, P M; Wu, Y S; Ho, Pei-Ming; Wu, Yi-Yen; Wu, Yong-Shi

    1998-01-01

    In this paper we study generic M(atrix) theory compactifications that are specified by a set of quotient conditions. A procedure is proposed, which both associates an algebra to each compactification and leads deductively to general solutions for the matrix variables. The notion of noncommutative geometry on the dual space is central to this construction. As examples we apply this procedure to various orbifolds and orientifolds, including ALE spaces and quotients of tori. While the old solutions are derived in a uniform way, new solutions are obtained in several cases. Our study also leads to a new formulation of gauge theory on quantum spaces.

  7. Bottlenecks to vibrational energy flow in OCS: Structures and mechanisms

    CERN Document Server

    Paškauskas, R; Uzer, T

    2008-01-01

    Finding the causes for the nonstatistical vibrational energy relaxation in the planar carbonyl sulfide (OCS) molecule is a longstanding problem in chemical physics: Not only is the relaxation incomplete long past the predicted statistical relaxation time, but it also consists of a sequence of abrupt transitions between long-lived regions of localized energy modes. We report on the phase space bottlenecks responsible for this slow and uneven vibrational energy flow in this Hamiltonian system with three degrees of freedom. They belong to a particular class of two-dimensional invariant tori which are organized around elliptic periodic orbits. We relate the trapping and transition mechanisms with the linear stability of these structures.

  8. On the welded Tube map

    OpenAIRE

    Audoux, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    This note investigates the so-called Tube map which connects welded knots, that is a quotient of the virtual knot theory, to ribbon torus-knots, that is a restricted notion of fillable knotted tori in the 4-sphere. It emphasizes the fact that ribbon torus-knots with a given filling are in one-to-one correspondence with welded knots before quotient under classical Reidemeister moves and reformulates these moves and the known sources of non-injectivity of the Tube map in terms of filling changes.

  9. Nicotine and inflammatory neurological disorders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen-Hua PIAO; Denise CAMPAGNOLO; Carlos DAYAO; Ronald J LUKAS; Jie WU; Fu-Dong SHI

    2009-01-01

    Cigarette smoke is a major health risk factor which significantly increases the incidence of diseases including lung cancer and respiratory infections. However, there is increasing evidence that smokers have a lower incidence of some inflamma- tory and neurodegenerative diseases. Nicotine is the main immunosuppressive constituent of cigarette smoke, which inhib-its both the innate and adaptive immune responses. Unlike cigarette smoke, nicotine is not yet considered to be a carcino-gen and may, in fact, have therapeutic potential as a neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory agent. This review provides a synopsis summarizing the effects of nicotine on the immune system and its (nicotine) influences on various neurological diseases.

  10. Tribological problems of surface IC processed MEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Successful microactuators of simple mechanics on silicon chip are a prerequisite formonolithic microrobotic systems. Recent development in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)has led to the success in building new types of microactuators. Based on the design of microgrip-pers and linear microvibromotor, which were fabricated using surface micromachining, the analysisof contact pairs and opposite movement forming of moving elements is given in this paper. Thesource and mechanism of tribology of MEMS are discussed. Associated with the developing his-tory of macro-machine, several research methods and possible existing problems about the tribol-ogy of surface IC processed MEMS are pointed out.

  11. Characterization of the LIGO detectors during their sixth science run

    CERN Document Server

    Aasi, J; Abbott, B P; Abbott, R; Abbott, T; Abernathy, M R; Accadia, T; Acernese, F; Adams, C; Adams, T; Adhikari, R X; Affeldt, C; Agathos, M; Aggarwal, N; Aguiar, O D; Ajith, P; Allen, B; Allocca, A; Ceron, E Amador; Amariutei, D; Anderson, R A; Anderson, S B; Anderson, W G; Arai, K; Araya, M C; Arceneaux, C; Areeda, J; Ast, S; Aston, S M; Astone, P; Aufmuth, P; Aulbert, C; Austin, L; Aylott, B E; Babak, S; Baker, P T; Ballardin, G; Ballmer, S W; Barayoga, J C; Barker, D; Barnum, S H; Barone, F; Barr, B; Barsotti, L; Barsuglia, M; Barton, M A; Bartos, I; Bassiri, R; Basti, A; Batch, J; Bauchrowitz, J; Bauer, Th S; Bebronne, M; Behnke, B; Bejger, M; Beker, M G; Bell, A S; Bell, C; Belopolski, I; Bergmann, G; Berliner, J M; Bertolini, A; Bessis, D; Betzwieser, J; Beyersdorf, P T; Bhadbhade, T; Bilenko, I A; Billingsley, G; Birch, J; Bitossi, M; Bizouard, M A; Black, E; Blackburn, J K; Blackburn, L; Blair, D; Blom, M; Bock, O; Bodiya, T P; Boer, M; Bogan, C; Bond, C; Bondu, F; Bonelli, L; Bonnand, R; Bork, R; Born, M; Bose, S; Bosi, L; Bowers, J; Bradaschia, C; Brady, P R; Braginsky, V B; Branchesi, M; Brannen, C A; Brau, J E; Breyer, J; Briant, T; Bridges, D O; Brillet, A; Brinkmann, M; Brisson, V; Britzger, M; Brooks, A F; Brown, D A; Brown, D D; Bruckner, F; Bulik, T; Bulten, H J; Buonanno, A; Buskulic, D; Buy, C; Byer, R L; Cadonati, L; Cagnoli, G; Bustillo, J Calderon; Calloni, E; Camp, J B; Campsie, P; Cannon, K C; Canuel, B; Cao, J; Capano, C D; Carbognani, F; Carbone, L; Caride, S; Castiglia, A; Caudill, S; Cavaglia, M; Cavalier, F; Cavalieri, R; Cella, G; Cepeda, C; Cesarini, E; Chakraborty, R; Chalermsongsak, T; Chao, S; Charlton, P; Chassande-Mottin, E; Chen, X; Chen, Y; Chincarini, A; Chiummo, A; Cho, H S; Chow, J; Christensen, N; Chu, Q; Chua, S S Y; Chung, S; Ciani, G; Clara, F; Clark, D E; Clark, J A; Cleva, F; Coccia, E; Cohadon, P -F; Colla, A; Colombini, M; Constancio,, M; Conte, A; Conte, R; Cook, D; Corbitt, T R; Cordier, M; Cornish, N; Corsi, A; Costa, C A; Coughlin, M W; Coulon, J -P; Countryman, S; Couvares, P; Coward, D M; Cowart, M; Coyne, D C; Craig, K; Creighton, J D E; Creighton, T D; Crowder, S G; Cumming, A; Cunningham, L; Cuoco, E; Dahl, K; Canton, T Dal; Damjanic, M; Danilishin, S L; D'Antonio, S; Danzmann, K; Dattilo, V; Daudert, B; Daveloza, H; Davier, M; Davies, G S; Daw, E J; Day, R; Dayanga, T; Debreczeni, G; Degallaix, J; Deleeuw, E; Deleglise, S; Del Pozzo, W; Denker, T; Dent, T; Dereli, H; Dergachev, V; De Rosa, R; DeRosa, R T; DeSalvo, R; Dhurandhar, S; Diaz, M; Dietz, A; Di Fiore, L; Di Lieto, A; Di Palma, I; Di Virgilio, A; Dmitry, K; Donovan, F; Dooley, K L; Doravari, S; Drago, M; Drever, R W P; Driggers, J C; Du, Z; Dumas, J -C; Dwyer, S; Eberle, T; Edwards, M; Effler, A; Ehrens, P; Eichholz, J; Eikenberry, S S; Endroczi, G; Essick, R; Etzel, T; Evans, K; Evans, M; Evans, T; Factourovich, M; Fafone, V; Fairhurst, S; Fang, Q; Farr, B; Farr, W; Favata, M; Fazi, D; Fehrmann, H; Feldbaum, D; Ferrante, I; Ferrini, F; Fidecaro, F; Finn, L S; Fiori, I; Fisher, R; Flaminio, R; Foley, E; Foley, S; Forsi, E; Forte, L A; Fotopoulos, N; Fournier, J -D; Franco, S; Frasca, S; Frasconi, F; Frede, M; Frei, M; Frei, Z; Freise, A; Frey, R; Fricke, T T; Fritschel, P; Frolov, V V; Fujimoto, M -K; Fulda, P; Fyffe, M; Gair, J; Gammaitoni, L; Garcia, J; Garufi, F; Gehrels, N; Gemme, G; Genin, E; Gennai, A; Gergely, L; Ghosh, S; Giaime, J A; Giampanis, S; Giardina, K D; Giazotto, A; Gil-Casanova, S; Gill, C; Gleason, J; Goetz, E; Goetz, R; Gondan, L; Gonzalez, G; Gordon, N; Gorodetsky, M L; Gossan, S; Gossler, S; Gouaty, R; Graef, C; Graff, P B; Granata, M; Grant, A; Gras, S; Gray, C; Greenhalgh, R J S; Gretarsson, A M; Griffo, C; Grote, H; Grover, K; Grunewald, S; Guidi, G M; Guido, C; Gushwa, K E; Gustafson, E K; Gustafson, R; Hall, B; Hall, E; Hammer, D; Hammond, G; Hanke, M; Hanks, J; Hanna, C; Hanson, J; Harms, J; Harry, G M; Harry, I W; Harstad, E D; Hartman, M T; Haughian, K; Hayama, K; Heefner, J; Heidmann, A; Heintze, M; Heitmann, H; Hello, P; Hemming, G; Hendry, M; Heng, I S; Heptonstall, A W; Heurs, M; Hild, S; Hoak, D; Hodge, K A; Holt, K; Hong, T; Hooper, S; Horrom, T; Hosken, D J; Hough, J; Howell, E J; Hu, Y; Hua, Z; Huang, V; Huerta, E A; Hughey, B; Husa, S; Huttner, S H; Huynh, M; Huynh-Dinh, T; Iafrate, J; Ingram, D R; Inta, R; Isogai, T; Ivanov, A; Iyer, B R; Izumi, K; Jacobson, M; James, E; Jang, H; Jang, Y J; Jaranowski, P; Jimenez-Forteza, F; Johnson, W W; Jones, D; Jones, D I; Jones, R; Jonker, R J G; Ju, L; K, Haris; Kalmus, P; Kalogera, V; Kandhasamy, S; Kang, G; Kanner, J B; Kasprzack, M; Kasturi, R; Katsavounidis, E; Katzman, W; Kaufer, H; Kaufman, K; Kawabe, K; Kawamura, S; Kawazoe, F; Kefelian, F; Keitel, D; Kelley, D B; Kells, W; Keppel, D G; Khalaidovski, A; Khalili, F Y; Khazanov, E A; Kim, B K; Kim, C; Kim, K; Kim, N; Kim, W; Kim, Y -M; King, E J; King, P J; Kinzel, D L; Kissel, J S; Klimenko, S; Kline, J; Koehlenbeck, S; Kokeyama, K; Kondrashov, V; Koranda, S; Korth, W Z; Kowalska, I; Kozak, D; Kremin, A; Kringel, V; Krishnan, B; Krolak, A; Kucharczyk, C; Kudla, S; Kuehn, G; Kumar, A; Kumar, D Nanda; Kumar, P; Kumar, R; Kurdyumov, R; Kwee, P; Landry, M; Lantz, B; Larson, S; Lasky, P D; Lawrie, C; Lazzarini, A; Leaci, P; Lebigot, E O; Lee, C -H; Lee, H K; Lee, H M; Lee, J; Leonardi, M; Leong, J R; Roux, A Le; Leroy, N; Letendre, N; Levine, B; Lewis, J B; Lhuillier, V; Li, T G F; Lin, A C; Littenberg, T B; Litvine, V; Liu, F; Liu, H; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lloyd, D; Lockerbie, N A; Lockett, V; Lodhia, D; Loew, K; Logue, J; Lombardi, A L; Lorenzini, M; Loriette, V; Lormand, M; Losurdo, G; Lough, J; Luan, J; Lubinski, M J; Luck, H; Lundgren, A P; Macarthur, J; Macdonald, E; Machenschalk, B; MacInnis, M; Macleod, D M; Magana-Sandoval, F; Mageswaran, M; Mailand, K; Majorana, E; Maksimovic, I; Malvezzi, V; Man, N; Manca, G M; Mandel, I; Mandic, V; Mangano, V; Mantovani, M; Marchesoni, F; Marion, F; Marka, S; Marka, Z; Markosyan, A; Maros, E; Marque, J; Martelli, F; Martellini, L; Martin, I W; Martin, R M; Martynov, D; Marx, J N; Mason, K; Masserot, A; Massinger, T J; Matichard, F; Matone, L; Matzner, R A; Mavalvala, N; May, G; Mazumder, N; Mazzolo, G; McCarthy, R; McClelland, D E; McGuire, S C; McIntyre, G; McIver, J; Meacher, D; Meadors, G D; Mehmet, M; Meidam, J; Meier, T; Melatos, A; Mendell, G; Mercer, R A; Meshkov, S; Messenger, C; Meyer, M S; Miao, H; Michel, C; Mikhailov, E E; Milano, L; Miller, J; Minenkov, Y; Mingarelli, C M F; Mitra, S; Mitrofanov, V P; Mitselmakher, G; Mittleman, R; Moe, B; Mohan, M; Mohapatra, S R P; Mokler, F; Moraru, D; Moreno, G; Morgado, N; Mori, T; Morriss, S R; Mossavi, K; Mours, B; Mow-Lowry, C M; Mueller, C L; Mueller, G; Mukherjee, S; Mullavey, A; Munch, J; Murphy, D; Murray, P G; Mytidis, A; Nagy, M F; Nardecchia, I; Nash, T; Naticchioni, L; Nayak, R; Necula, V; Neri, I; Newton, G; Nguyen, T; Nishida, E; Nishizawa, A; Nitz, A; Nocera, F; Nolting, D; Normandin, M E; Nuttall, L K; Ochsner, E; O'Dell, J; Oelker, E; Ogin, G H; Oh, J J; Oh, S H; Ohme, F; Oppermann, P; O'Reilly, B; Larcher, W Ortega; O'Shaughnessy, R; Osthelder, C; Ott, C D; Ottaway, D J; Ottens, R S; Ou, J; Overmier, H; Owen, B J; Padilla, C; Pai, A; Palomba, C; Pan, Y; Pankow, C; Paoletti, F; Paoletti, R; Papa, M A; Paris, H; Pasqualetti, A; Passaquieti, R; Passuello, D; Pedraza, M; Peiris, P; Penn, S; Perreca, A; Phelps, M; Pichot, M; Pickenpack, M; Piergiovanni, F; Pierro, V; Pinard, L; Pindor, B; Pinto, I M; Pitkin, M; Poeld, J; Poggiani, R; Poole, V; Poux, C; Predoi, V; Prestegard, T; Price, L R; Prijatelj, M; Principe, M; Privitera, S; Prodi, G A; Prokhorov, L; Puncken, O; Punturo, M; Puppo, P; Quetschke, V; Quintero, E; Quitzow-James, R; Raab, F J; Rabeling, D S; Racz, I; Radkins, H; Raffai, P; Raja, S; Rajalakshmi, G; Rakhmanov, M; Ramet, C; Rapagnani, P; Raymond, V; Re, V; Reed, C M; Reed, T; Regimbau, T; Reid, S; Reitze, D H; Ricci, F; Riesen, R; Riles, K; Robertson, N A; Robinet, F; Rocchi, A; Roddy, S; Rodriguez, C; Rodruck, M; Roever, C; Rolland, L; Rollins, J G; Romano, R; Romanov, G; Romie, J H; Rosinska, D; Rowan, S; Rudiger, A; Ruggi, P; Ryan, K; Salemi, F; Sammut, L; Sandberg, V; Sanders, J; Sannibale, V; Santiago-Prieto, I; Saracco, E; Sassolas, B; Sathyaprakash, B S; Saulson, P R; Savage, R; Schilling, R; Schnabel, R; Schofield, R M S; Schreiber, E; Schuette, D; Schulz, B; Schutz, B F; Schwinberg, P; Scott, J; Scott, S M; Seifert, F; Sellers, D; Sengupta, A S; Sentenac, D; Sergeev, A; Shaddock, D; Shah, S; Shahriar, M S; Shaltev, M; Shapiro, B; Shawhan, P; Shoemaker, D H; Sidery, T L; Siellez, K; Siemens, X; Sigg, D; Simakov, D; Singer, A; Singer, L; Sintes, A M; Skelton, G R; Slagmolen, B J J; Slutsky, J; Smith, J R; Smith, M R; Smith, R J E; Smith-Lefebvre, N D; Soden, K; Son, E J; Sorazu, B; Souradeep, T; Sperandio, L; Staley, A; Steinert, E; Steinlechner, J; Steinlechner, S; Steplewski, S; Stevens, D; Stochino, A; Stone, R; Strain, K A; Strigin, S; Stroeer, A S; Sturani, R; Stuver, A L; Summerscales, T Z; Susmithan, S; Sutton, P J; Swinkels, B; Szeifert, G; Tacca, M; Talukder, D; Tang, L; Tanner, D B; Tarabrin, S P; Taylor, R; ter Braack, A P M; Thirugnanasambandam, M P; Thomas, M; Thomas, P; Thorne, K A; Thorne, K S; Thrane, E; Tiwari, V; Tokmakov, K V; Tomlinson, C; Toncelli, A; Tonelli, M; Torre, O; Torres, C V; Torrie, C I; Travasso, F; Traylor, G; Tse, M; Ugolini, D; Unnikrishnan, C S; Vahlbruch, H; Vajente, G; Vallisneri, M; Brand, J F J van den; Broeck, C Van Den; van der Putten, S; van der Sluys, M V; van Heijningen, J; van Veggel, A A; Vass, S; Vasuth, M; Vaulin, R; Vecchio, A; Vedovato, G; Veitch, J; Veitch, P J; Venkateswara, K; Verkindt, D; Verma, S; Vetrano, F; Vicere, A; Vincent-Finley, R; Vinet, J -Y; Vitale, S; Vlcek, B; Vo, T; Vocca, H; Vorvick, C; Vousden, W D; Vrinceanu, D; Vyachanin, S P; Wade, A; Wade, L; Wade, M; Waldman, S J; Walker, M; Wallace, L; Wan, Y; Wang, J; Wang, M; Wang, X; Wanner, A; Ward, R L; Was, M; Weaver, B; Wei, L -W; Weinert, M; Weinstein, A J; Weiss, R; Welborn, T; Wen, L; Wessels, P; West, M; Westphal, T; Wette, K; Whelan, J T; Whitcomb, S E; White, D J; Whiting, B F; Wibowo, S; Wiesner, K; Wilkinson, C; Williams, L; Williams, R; Williams, T; Willis, J L; Willke, B; Wimmer, M; Winkelmann, L; Winkler, W; Wipf, C C; Wittel, H; Woan, G; Worden, J; Yablon, J; Yakushin, I; Yamamoto, H; Yancey, C C; Yang, H; Yeaton-Massey, D; Yoshida, S; Yum, H; Yvert, M; Zadrozny, A; Zanolin, M; Zendri, J P; Zhang, F; Zhang, L; Zhao, C; Zhu, H; Zhu, X J; Zotov, N; Zucker, M E

    2014-01-01

    In 2009-2010, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observa- tory (LIGO) operated together with international partners Virgo and GEO600 as a network to search for gravitational waves of astrophysical origin. The sensitiv- ity of these detectors was limited by a combination of noise sources inherent to the instrumental design and its environment, often localized in time or frequency, that couple into the gravitational-wave readout. Here we review the performance of the LIGO instruments during this epoch, the work done to characterize the de- tectors and their data, and the effect that transient and continuous noise artefacts have on the sensitivity of LIGO to a variety of astrophysical sources.

  12. Ringed accretion disks: instabilities

    CERN Document Server

    Pugliese, D

    2016-01-01

    We analyze the possibility that several instability points may be formed, due to the Paczy\\'nski mechanism of violation of mechanical equilibrium, in the orbiting matter around a supermassive Kerr black hole. We consider recently proposed model of ringed accretion disk, made up by several tori (rings) which can be corotating or counterrotating relative to the Kerr attractor due to the history of the accretion process. Each torus is governed by the general relativistic hydrodynamic Boyer condition of equilibrium configurations of rotating perfect fluids. We prove that the number of the instability points is generally limited and depends on the dimensionless spin of the rotating attractor.

  13. The dynamical feature of transition of a Hamiltonian system to a dissipative system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Guang-Cai; Zhang Hong-Jun

    2004-01-01

    The mechanism of generation and annihilation of attractors during transition from a Hamiltonian system to a dissipative system is studied numerically using the dissipative standard map. The transient process related to the formationof attracting basins of periodic attractors is studied by discussing the evolution of the KAM tori of the standard map. The result shows that as damping increases, attractors are mainly generated from elliptic orbits of the Hamiltonian system and annihilated by colliding with unstable periodic orbits originating from the corresponding hyperbolic orbits of the Hamiltonian system. The transient process also exhibits the general feature of bifurcation.

  14. MECANISMUL DE PROTEOLIZĂ A FICOCIANINEI, PROTEINEI BIOACTIVE DIN SPIRULINĂ SUB ACŢIUNEA PAPAINEI

    OpenAIRE

    Angela RUDAKOVA; Andrei SHUTOV; Serghei RUDACOV; Valentina BULIMAGA; Natalia CLIMOVA; Irina KAHOVSKAIA; Maria PISOVA

    2016-01-01

    Elaborarea unor procedee de obţinere a peptidelor bioactive din ficocianină prin intermediul hidrolizei proteolitice prezintă un interes sporit pentru cercetători în contextul utilizării acestora în calitate de remedii anticancer şi pentru alte proprietăţi terapeutice. Peptidele derivate din ficocianină ar putea manifesta proprietăţi terapeutice mult mai pronunţate comparativ cu ficocianina. În prezenta lucrare sunt studiate dinamica proteolizei ficocianinei cu papaina şi mecanismul de hidrol...

  15. Plasma physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains the papers delivered at the AEB - Natal University summer school on plasma physics held in Durban during January 1979. The following topics were discussed: Tokamak devices; MHD stability; trapped particles in tori; Tokamak results and experiments; operating regime of the AEB Tokamak; Tokamak equilibrium; high beta Tokamak equilibria; ideal Tokamak stability; resistive MHD instabilities; Tokamak diagnostics; Tokamak control and data acquisition; feedback control of Tokamaks; heating and refuelling; neutral beam injection; radio frequency heating; nonlinear drift wave induced plasma transport; toroidal plasma boundary layers; microinstabilities and injected beams and quasilinear theory of the ion acoustic instability

  16. Self-dual quiver moduli and orientifold Donaldson-Thomas invariants

    CERN Document Server

    Young, Matthew B

    2014-01-01

    Motivated by the counting of BPS states in string theory with orientifolds, we study moduli spaces of self-dual representations of a quiver with contravariant involution. We develop Hall module techniques to compute the number of points over finite fields in moduli stacks of semistable self-dual representations. Wall-crossing formulas relate these counts for different choices of stability conditions. In particular cases, these formulas model the primitive wall-crossing of orientifold Donaldson-Thomas/BPS invariants suggested in the physics literature. In finite type examples, the wall-crossing can be understood as identities for quantum dilogarithms acting in representations of quantum tori.

  17. Recent Advancements in Microwave Imaging Plasma Diagnostics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    H. Park; C.C. Chang; B.H. Deng; C.W. Domier; A.J.H. Donni; K. Kawahata; C. Liang; X.P. Liang; H.J. Lu; N.C. Luhmann, Jr.; A. Mase; H. Matsuura; E. Mazzucato; A. Miura; K. Mizuno; T. Munsat; K. and Y. Nagayama; M.J. van de Pol; J. Wang; Z.G. Xia; W-K. Zhang

    2002-03-26

    Significant advances in microwave and millimeter wave technology over the past decade have enabled the development of a new generation of imaging diagnostics for current and envisioned magnetic fusion devices. Prominent among these are revolutionary microwave electron cyclotron emission imaging (ECEI), microwave phase imaging interferometers, imaging microwave scattering and microwave imaging reflectometer (MIR) systems for imaging electron temperature and electron density fluctuations (both turbulent and coherent) and profiles (including transport barriers) on toroidal devices such as tokamaks, spherical tori, and stellarators. The diagnostic technology is reviewed, and typical diagnostic systems are analyzed. Representative experimental results obtained with these novel diagnostic systems are also presented.

  18. Heuristic and computer calculations for the magnitude of metric spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Willerton, Simon

    2009-01-01

    The notion of the magnitude of a compact metric space was considered in arXiv:0908.1582 with Tom Leinster, where the magnitude was calculated for line segments, circles and Cantor sets. In this paper more evidence is presented for a conjectured relationship with a geometric measure theoretic valuation. Firstly, a heuristic is given for deriving this valuation by considering 'large' subspaces of Euclidean space and, secondly, numerical approximations to the magnitude are calculated for squares, disks, cubes, annuli, tori and Sierpinski gaskets. The valuation is seen to be very close to the magnitude for the convex spaces considered and is seen to be 'asymptotically' close for some other spaces.

  19. Sucrose esters from Physalis peruviana calyces with anti-inflammatory activity

    OpenAIRE

    Espartero Sánchez, José Luis; Franco, Luis A.; Ocampo, Yanet C; Gómez, Harold A.; Puerta Vázquez-Zafra, Rocío de La; Ospina, Luis F.

    2014-01-01

    Physalis peruviana is a native plant from the South American Andes and is widely used in tra- ditional Colombian medicine of as an anti-inflam- matory medicinal plant, specifically the leaves, calyces, and small stems in poultice form. Pre- vious studies performed by our group on P. pe- ruviana calyces showed potent anti-inflamma- tory activity in an enriched fraction obtained from an ether total extract. The objective of the present study was to obtain and elucidate the ac- tive compounds fr...

  20. Periodic solutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation by the shooting method: A technique for beam dynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gabella, W.E.; Ruth, R.D.; Warnock, R.L.

    1988-05-01

    Periodic solutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation determine invariant tori in phase space. The Fourier spectrum of a torus with respect to angular coordinates gives useful information about nonlinear resonances and their potential for causing instabilities. We describe a method to solve the Hamilton-Jacobi equation for an arbitrary accelerator lattice. The method works with Fourier modes of the generating functions, and imposes periodicity in the machine azimuth by a shooting method. We give examples leading to three-dimensional plots in a surface of section. It is expected that the technique will be useful in lattice optimization. 14 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.