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Sample records for building asphalt pavement

  1. Building Asphalt Pavement with SBS-based Compound Added Using a Dry Process in Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lee, Hosin; Kim, Yongjoo; Geisler, Nivi;

    2009-01-01

    -based compound seemed to affect the asphalt mix to become more flexible under the heavy loads. By adding SBS-based compound to asphalt mixtures using a “dry” process, it is expected that the pavement would become more resistant to rutting than a typical asphalt mixture used in Greenland while enduring its arctic...... PMA where it is formulated to melt and blend with asphalt quickly during a batch mixing process. The main objectives of this study are to (1) build asphalt pavement using asphalt mixtures with SBS-based compound added using a “dry” process at the batch plant and (2) evaluate its performance under...

  2. Asphalt in Pavement Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asphalt Inst., College Park, MD.

    Maintenance methods that can be used equally well in all regions of the country have been developed for the use of asphalt in pavement maintenance. Specific information covering methods, equipment and terminology that applies to the use of asphalt in the maintenance of all types of pavement structures, including shoulders, is provided. In many…

  3. USE OF RECLAIMED ASPHALT PAVEMENT WITH MILLED ROAD PAVEMENT LAYERS

    OpenAIRE

    Andrzej Plewa; Marta Wasilewska; Władysław Gardziejczyk; Paweł Gierasimiuk

    2015-01-01

    The article presents the results of research on the functional properties of asphalt mixes using RAP obtained from milling asphalt road pavements. Asphalt concrete AC 22P with 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% addition of RAP used for base course of road pavements were designed. It was found that asphalt mixes with RAP characterized by comparable and in some cases better functional properties compared to the asphalt mixes without RAP (0%). One should notice the influence of RAP on the performance and ...

  4. Asphalt for draining pavement; Haisuisei hosoyo asphalt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamamori, H.; Nakamura, Y. [Mitsubishi Oil Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-28

    The effect and functions of draining pavement with a superb performance as a paved road were introduced. In the draining pavement, a porous asphalt mixture was used for the surface and base layers of the road and the remaining layers are not in water penetration property. It is necessary that void continues to prevent water film from being generated when rain falls and resistance against water flow is small but durability has problems when the void rate is large. According to the balance, the void rate ranges from 20 to 23 % for execution, thus preventing water splash on a rainy day, hydroplaning, and dazzlement, etc. due to reflection of light. The noise during driving due to the tire of an automobile is reduced by 5 to 6 dB owing to draining pavement. Also, engine noise is reduced to 40 - 60 % since the surface is porous. In the draining pavement, a high-viscosity asphalt is used for a binder and the void rate is large, thus preventing temperature to rise easily due to heat release and achieving an improved flow behavior. 6 refs., 11 figs., 14 tabs.

  5. USE OF RECLAIMED ASPHALT PAVEMENT WITH MILLED ROAD PAVEMENT LAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Plewa

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of research on the functional properties of asphalt mixes using RAP obtained from milling asphalt road pavements. Asphalt concrete AC 22P with 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% addition of RAP used for base course of road pavements were designed. It was found that asphalt mixes with RAP characterized by comparable and in some cases better functional properties compared to the asphalt mixes without RAP (0%. One should notice the influence of RAP on the performance and durability of the asphalt mixtures, as compared to virgin asphalt mixtures (without RAP.

  6. Asphalt pavement temperature prediction

    OpenAIRE

    Minhoto, Manuel; Pais, Jorge; Pereira, Paulo

    2006-01-01

    A 3-D finite element model (FEM) was developed to calculate the lemperature of an asphtalt rubber pavement localed in the Northeast of Portugal. The goal of the case study presented in this paper is to show the good accuracy temperature prediction tha can be obtained with this model when compared with the field pavement thermal condition obtained during a year. lnput data to the model are the hourly values for solar radiation and temperature and the mean daily value of wind speed obtained fr...

  7. Mechanical Response Analysis of Asphalt Pavement Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Zhenqing

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Generally, the Chinese designed life of the high- grade asphalt concrete pavement is required 15 years, however, the designed life of the road in surface is often lower than the designed life, and even premature failure. Especially in heavy traffic conditions, the early damage of some high grade-asphalt pavement in China is serious. According to some investigations, we founded the main reason of the long-life asphalt pavement is to determine the function of each structure layer. According to the stress of pavement structure layer, so as to select the structure layer materials. Based on the viewpoint of mechanics, asphalt pavement damage mode is divided into three categories, such as top-down crack, fatigue cracking and rutting. Therefore, this paper uses ANSYS finite element software as calculation tool, the combination of road vehicle load and the primary influence on asphalt pavement structure mechanics response characteristics were analyzed. In this paper, the method of analysis is control variable: that means under different vehicle axle load, only change surface layer modulus and observe the pavement structure mechanical response trends to compare the effect. By using the same method, the response of the pavement base course parameters to the pavement mechanical structure is analyzed.

  8. Modeling Recycling Asphalt Pavement Processing Technologies in Asphalt Mixing Plants

    OpenAIRE

    Simonas Tamaliūnas; Henrikas Sivilevičius

    2011-01-01

    The article presents reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) processing technologies and equipment models used in the asphalt mixing plant (AMP). The schematic model indicating all possible ways to process RAP in AMP is shown. The model calculating the needed temperature of mineral materials used for heating RAP is given and an example of such calculation is provided.Article in Lithuanian

  9. Recycling of asphalt pavements with asphalt rubber

    OpenAIRE

    Pais, Jorge; Pereira, Paulo; Minhoto, Manuel; Baptista, António

    2008-01-01

    Pavement recycling has been an important rehabilitation technique to deal with reclaimed materials from old pavements which are usually sent to landfills. The application of this technique contributes to: i) the accomplishment of the requirements defined by the European legislation for the amount of material sent to landfills; ii) the reduction in the use of new raw materials used to produce pavement layers. The reduction of materials to be used in pavement rehabilitation has also been possib...

  10. Porous Flame-retarded Asphalt Pavement for Highway Tunnel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Shuguang; HUANG Shaolong; Ding Qingjun

    2008-01-01

    A new way to improve the tunnel fire protection by using flame-retarded porous asphalt pavement containing ATH powders was introduced. Based on the miniature burning test designed and conducted, the burning time and temperature of porous asphalt (PA) and flame-retarded porous asphalt (FRPA) were studied comparing with cement concrete pavement, dense-graded HMA and S MA. Results of burning test and pavement performance test indicate that FRPA is appropriate and suitable as the pavement material of highway tunnel.

  11. The improvement of pavement performance using asphalt rubber hot mixes

    OpenAIRE

    Pais, Jorge C.; Pereira, Paulo A. A.

    2007-01-01

    The need of a better pavement performance has led researchers to develop new road materials, mainly for the asphalt layers, where the modification of the asphalt is the main example. This modification usually forces the use of polymers and fibers and, more recently, the use of crumb rubber from ground tires, where the modified asphalt is known as asphalt rubber. This asphalt rubber used in asphalt mixtures produces a superior performance if compared to the asphalt mixtures with...

  12. Full-Depth Asphalt Pavements for Parking Lots and Driveways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asphalt Inst., College Park, MD.

    The latest information for designing full-depth asphalt pavements for parking lots and driveways is covered in relationship to the continued increase in vehicle registration. It is based on The Asphalt Institute's Thickness Design Manual, Series No. 1 (MS-1), Seventh Edition, which covers all aspects of asphalt pavement thickness design in detail,…

  13. Research on Alkaline Filler Flame-Retarded Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Shuguang; ZHANG Houji; WANG Jiaolan

    2006-01-01

    Used as flame retardant of tunnel asphalt pavement, organic bromides produce a large amount of poisons and smoke in construction and flame retardation stage. The alkaline filler was found to replace mineral filler, and the flame-retarded asphalt mixtures were produced. Experimental results show that these asphalt mixtures are smoke restrained; the performances and construction technology of asphalt pavement are not influenced; also the alkaline filler is of low-price. So this kind of flame-retarded asphalt mixtures is suitable for tunnel pavement.

  14. Monitoring asphalt pavement damages using remote sensing techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mettas, Christodoulos; Themistocleous, Kyriacos; Neocleous, Kyriacos; Christofe, Andreas; Pilakoutas, Kypros; Hadjimitsis, Diofantos

    2015-06-01

    One of the main issues in the maintenance plans of road agencies or governmental organizations is the early detection of damaged asphalt pavements. The development of a smart and non-destructive systematic technique for monitoring damaged asphalt pavements is considered a main priority to fill this gap. During the 1970's, remote sensing was used to map road surface distress, while during the last decade, remote sensing became more advanced, thereby assisting in the evolution of the identification and mapping of roads. Various techniques were used in order to explore condition, age, weaknesses and imperfections of asphalted pavements. These methods were fairly successful in the classification of asphalted surfaces and in the detection of some of their characteristics. This paper explores the state of the art of using remote sensing techniques for monitoring damaged pavements and some typical spectral profiles of various asphalt pavements in Cyprus area acquired using the SVC1024 field spectroradiometer.

  15. Reinforcing Effects of Carbon Black on Asphalt Binder for Pavement

    OpenAIRE

    Yamaguchi, Katsuyuki; Sasaki, Iwao; Nishizaki, Itaru; Meiarashi, Seishi; Moriyoshi, Akihiro

    2005-01-01

    Carbon black, used as a reinforcing filler for rubber materials, was evaluated for asphalt binders in pavements. Carbon black added to straight asphalt within 20 wt% caused an increase in the elastic modulus and a decrease in the viscosity of the asphalt, especially at temperatures higher than room temperature. Addition of carbon black raised the maximum service temperature of asphalt in the category of the binder performance grade according to the SHRP (Strategic Highway Research Program) sp...

  16. Effects of reclaimed asphalt pavement on indirect tensile strength test of conditioned foamed asphalt mix

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the results of Indirect Tensile Strength (ITS) Test for samples prepared with reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP). Samples were conditioned in water at 25°C for 24 hours prior to testing. Results show that recycled aggregate from reclaimed asphalt pavement performs as well as virgin aggregate.

  17. Effects of reclaimed asphalt pavement on indirect tensile strength test of conditioned foamed asphalt mix

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yati Katman, Herda; Rasdan Ibrahim, Mohd; Yazip Matori, Mohd; Norhisham, Shuhairy; Ismail, Norlela

    2013-06-01

    This paper presents the results of Indirect Tensile Strength (ITS) Test for samples prepared with reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP). Samples were conditioned in water at 25°C for 24 hours prior to testing. Results show that recycled aggregate from reclaimed asphalt pavement performs as well as virgin aggregate.

  18. Investigating In Situ Properties of Recycled Asphalt Pavement with Foamed Asphalt as Base Stabilizer

    OpenAIRE

    Antonis Kaltsounis; Vasilis Papavasiliou; Andreas Loizos; Christina Plati

    2010-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to conduct a comprehensive field experiment for the in situ assessment of in-depth recycled asphalt pavement using foamed asphalt as a stabilization treatment for base works. For this purpose Nondestructive Testing (NDT) data collected using the Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) and Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) along a foamed asphalt recycled pavement section was thoroughly analysed. Critical issues including the stabilized material curing and the con...

  19. Decision of National and Provincial Highway Asphalt Pavement Structure Based on Value Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Yingwei Ren; Jingsong Shan

    2014-01-01

    It is important that decision of asphalt pavement structure requires overall considerations of the performance and financial investment. To have asphalt pavement structure fulfilling good reliability, the asphalt pavement structure decision was researched based on value engineering theory. According to the national and provincial highway investigation data in Shandong Province during the last decade, the asphalt pavement performance attenuation rules of traffic levels and asphalt layer thickn...

  20. Construction of an experimental sulfur-extended-asphalt pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodge, K. S.

    1982-07-01

    The design, placement and collection of initial data from a sulfur extended asphalt (SEA) pavement and a conventional pavement used as a control is documented. The SEA pavement used 30 percent sulfur by total weight of the binder. Mix temperatures, hot bin gradations, and toxic emissions were monitored at the plant and the site throughout placement. Aggregates were collected from the hot bin during production of the control and SEA mixes for use in a Marshall mix design. Cores were extracted from both SEA and control pavements 1 month after placement for laboratory testing. Pavement surface properties were also examined after 1 month of service.

  1. Use of scrap rubber in asphalt pavement surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eaton, Robert A.; Roberts, Richard J.; Blackburn, Robert R.

    1991-12-01

    Scrap tire rubber was mixed into an asphalt concrete wearing course to study the effect of ice disbonding from the pavement surface under traffic. Rubber contents of 0, 3, 6, and 12 percent by weight were studied. Initial laboratory ice disbonding test results led to the development of a new paving material, Chunk Rubber Asphalt Concrete (CRAC), that uses larger pieces of rubber in a much denser asphalt concrete mix. Strength values doubled and ice disbonding performance was enhanced.

  2. A hybrid strategy in selecting diverse combinations of innovative sustainable materials for asphalt pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baron Colbert

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This project integrates recent innovations of recycled materials used in designing and building sustainable pavements. An increasing environmental awareness and the demand for improving economic and construction efficiencies, through measures such as construction warrantees and goals to reduce air pollution under the Kyoto Protocol, have increased the efforts to implement sustainable materials in roadways. The objective of this research is to develop a systematic approach toward selecting optimum combinations of sustainable materials for the construction of asphalt pavements. The selected materials, warm mix asphalt (WMA, recycled asphalt shingles (RAS, and reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP were incorporated in this study. The results of this research are intended to serve as guidelines in the selection of the mixed sustainable materials for asphalt pavements. The approach developed from this project draws upon previous research efforts integrating graphical modeling with optimizing the amount of sustainable materials based on the performance. With regard to moisture susceptibility and rutting potential test results, as well as the MIM analysis based on a 95% confidence interval, the rutting performance and moisture susceptibility of asphalt mixtures are not significantly different regardless of the percentages of RAS, RAP, or WMA. The optimum mixture choices could be made by the plant emission rankings with consideration of the optimal WMA types, percentages of RAS/RAP, and WMA production temperatures. The WMA mixtures prepared with 75% RAP and Advera® WMA have produced the lowest CO2 emissions among the investigated mixture types.

  3. Investigating In Situ Properties of Recycled Asphalt Pavement with Foamed Asphalt as Base Stabilizer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Plati

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to conduct a comprehensive field experiment for the in situ assessment of in-depth recycled asphalt pavement using foamed asphalt as a stabilization treatment for base works. For this purpose Nondestructive Testing (NDT data collected using the Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD and Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR along a foamed asphalt recycled pavement section was thoroughly analysed. Critical issues including the stabilized material curing and the contribution of the asphalt layers to the structural properties of the in-depth recycled pavement are discussed. In addition, recommendations concerning the improvement of the structural condition of the in-depth recycled pavement are developed based on this practical approach of investigation using NDT.

  4. Shakedown analysis of anisotropic asphalt concrete pavements with clay subgrade

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boulbibane, M.; Collins, I.F. [Auckland Univ., Auckland (New Zealand). Dept. of Engineering Science; Weichert, D. [RWTH-Aachen Inst. of General Mechanics, Aachen (Germany); Raad, L. [Alaska-Fairbanks Univ., Fairbanks, AK (United States). Transportation and Research Centre

    2000-08-04

    A mathematical model has been presented which can predict the effect of inherent anisotropic cohesion on the long-term behaviour of multilayered pavements. The model is based on the lower bound theorem of shakedown analysis and makes allowances for variations of soil strength with direction. Pavements operating above the critical shakedown load exhibit plastic strains under long term repeated loading conditions and eventually result in deep ruts. This model was used to examine the influence of subgrade properties on the shakedown behaviour of two-layer pavement systems consisting of an asphalt concrete layer and a granular base over a clay subgrade. The shakedown load for pavements under repeated loadings was estimated and the effects of variables such as temperature, asphalt thickness, stiffness and strength were determined. The materials in the various layers of the pavement were modeled as elastic-plastic Mohr-Coulomb materials. 38 refs., 3 tabs., 5 figs.

  5. Mechanical Properties of Asphalt Pavement Structure in Highway Tunnel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Chun-xiang; GUO Zhong-yin

    2008-01-01

    A linear full 3D finite element method (FEM) was performed in order to present the key design parameters of highway tunnel asphalt pavement under double-wheel load on rectangular loaded area considering horizontal contact stress induced by the acceleration/deceleration of vehicles. The key design parameters are the maximum horizontal tensile stresses at the surface of the asphalt layer, the maximum horizontal tensile stresses at the bottom of the asphalt layer and the maximum vertical shear stresses at the surface of the as- phalt layer were calculated. The influencing factors such as double-wheel weight; asphalt layer thickness; base course stiffness modulus and thickness; and the contact conditions among the structure layers on these key design parameters were also examined separately to propose construction procedures of highway tunnel asphalt pavement.

  6. Thermal Behavior of an Asphalt Pavement in the Laboratory and in the Parking Lot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. B. Martinkauppi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The urban, constructed areas are full of buildings and different kinds of pavements and have a noticeable lack of trees and flora. These areas are accumulating the heat from the Sun, people, vehicles, and constructions. One interesting heat collector is the asphalt pavement. How does the heat transfer to different layers under the pavement or does it? What are the temperatures under the pavement in Finland where the winter can be pretty hard? How can those temperatures be measured accurately? These are the main questions this paper gives the preliminary answers to. First the thermal behavior of asphalt and the layers beneath are researched in the laboratory and then the measurement field is bored and dug in the parking in the Western coast of Finland, 63°5′45′′ N. Distributed temperature sensing method was found to be a good choice for temperature measurements. Thermal behavior of pavement has been monitored in different layers and the preliminary results have been published here. The goal of this research is to assess the applicability of asphalt pavements for heat energy collection.

  7. An Approach for Nonlinear Fatigue Damage Evaluation in Asphalt Pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajbongshi, Pabitra; Thongram, Sonika

    2016-08-01

    Fatigue due to vehicular loads is one of the primary distress mechanisms in asphalt pavements. It happens primarily due to deterioration in asphalt material with load repetitions. Degradation of asphalt material may be evaluated using different parameters. In view of degradation, the incremental damage in a given pavement section would be different for different repetitions, even with same loadings. Therefore, the damage progression becomes nonlinear with repetitions. Accounting such nonlinearity in damage accumulation, and based on different damage evaluation parameters, this paper presents an equivalent approach for fatigue damage evaluation in asphalt pavements. Traditional fatigue equation adopted in mechanistic-empirical pavement design has been used in the present work. Four different criteria, namely number of load repetitions, asphalt stiffness reduction, strain enhancement and fatigue life reduction with repetitions are considered for damage estimation. The proposed approach could estimate same value of nonlinear damage, irrespective of the criteria used. The simplest form of criterion i.e. the number of load repetitions can be used for fatigue performance evaluation. Probabilistically, the damage propagation is also correlated and assessed with the failure probability.

  8. Improvement of the functional pavement quality with asphalt rubber mixtures

    OpenAIRE

    Fontes, Liseane P. T. L.; Pereira, Paulo A. A.; Pais, Jorge C.; Trichês, Glicério

    2006-01-01

    Skid resistance and texture are important safety characteristics which need to be considered in flexible pavement design, maintenance and rehabilitation. The main objective of this paper is to optimize surface texture characteristics in asphalt rubber pavements, mainly macrotexture to reduce splash, spray and hydroplaning and microtexture to increase friction at low and high speeds. The objective was accomplished by measuring the friction surface with two different tests: (i) B...

  9. Thermal stability analysis under embankment with asphalt pavement and cement pavement in permafrost regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junwei, Zhang; Jinping, Li; Xiaojuan, Quan

    2013-01-01

    The permafrost degradation is the fundamental cause generating embankment diseases and pavement diseases in permafrost region while the permafrost degradation is related with temperature. Based on the field monitoring results of ground temperature along G214 Highway in high temperature permafrost regions, both the ground temperatures in superficial layer and the annual average temperatures under the embankment were discussed, respectively, for concrete pavements and asphalt pavements. The maximum depth of temperature field under the embankment for concrete pavements and asphalt pavements was also studied by using the finite element method. The results of numerical analysis indicate that there were remarkable seasonal differences of the ground temperatures in superficial layer between asphalt pavement and concrete pavement. The maximum influencing depth of temperature field under the permafrost embankment for every pavement was under the depth of 8 m. The thawed cores under both embankments have close relation with the maximum thawed depth, the embankment height, and the service time. The effective measurements will be proposed to keep the thermal stabilities of highway embankment by the results. PMID:24027444

  10. New approach for calculating permanent deformation in asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAN Yi-qiu; CHEN Feng-chen; LIU Hao; SU Xin; DONG Ze-jiao; DONG Yu-ming

    2010-01-01

    A new approach using the Fiber Bragg Grating(FBG)sensor and viscoelastic model to monitor and analyze the internal strain and temperature of asphalt pavement is proposed.Some parameters including peak strain,temperature and loading time were calculated with the application of multi-dimensional sensors group.These parameters were incorporated with viscoelastic model of five units to evaluate the permanent deformation of pavement.An application example was conducted,and the results show that it is feasible to analyze and calculate the permanent deformation of pavement structures with FBG sensors.

  11. Survival Analysis of Fatigue and Rutting Failures in Asphalt Pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pabitra Rajbongshi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fatigue and rutting are two primary failure mechanisms in asphalt pavements. The evaluations of fatigue and rutting performances are significantly uncertain due to large uncertainties involved with the traffic and pavement life parameters. Therefore, deterministically it is inadequate to predict when an in-service pavement would fail. Thus, the deterministic failure time which is known as design life (yr of pavement becomes random in nature. Reliability analysis of such time (t dependent random variable is the survival analysis of the structure. This paper presents the survival analysis of fatigue and rutting failures in asphalt pavement structures. It is observed that the survival of pavements with time can be obtained using the bathtub concept that contains a constant failure rate period and an increasing failure rate period. The survival function (S(t, probability density function (pdf, and probability distribution function (PDF of failure time parameter are derived using bathtub analysis. It is seen that the distribution of failure time follows three parametric Weibull distributions. This paper also works out to find the most reliable life (YrR of pavement sections corresponding to any reliability level of survivability.

  12. Fatigue behavior of asphalt mixtures colombian with addition recycled pavement asphalt to 100 %

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neidy Betssey Patiño Boyacá

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted in order to establish the fatigue behavior of asphalt mixtures with gradations MD20 Instituto de Desarrollo Urbano (IDU and MDC 2 of The Instituto Nacional de Vías (INVIAS, with addition of recycled granular flexible pavement (RAP with asphalt of penetration 60/70 and 80/100. The first step was to characterize the asphalt and RAP as well as calculate the optimum percentage of asphalt to be added to 100 % RAP mixtures. Then samples were fabricated with different trapezoidal gradations and asphalt, to be tested finally fatigue at different deformations. Among the results found, it was determined that the tested mixtures have a high stiffness; although, it varies depending on the asphalt mix used and that the best fatigue life with respect to those studied is the MDC-2 with bitumen 80/100.

  13. Numerical Analysis of Asphalt Pavements under Moving Wheel Loads

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The responses of the pavement in service are the basis for the design of the semi-rigid base course asphalt pavement.Due to the dynamic characteristics of wheel loads and the temperature loads,the dynamic response analysis is very significant.In this article, the dynamic analysis of asphalt pavement under moving wheel loads is carried out using finite element method coupled with non-reflective boundary method.The influences of the base modulus, thickness, the vehicle velocity, the tire pressure, and the contact condition at the interface are studied using parametric analysis.The results of numerical analysis show that it is not appropriate to simply increase the base modulus or thickness in the design.It would be beneficial if the base design is optimized synthetically.The increase of damping is also beneficial to the pavements because of the surface deflection and the stresses declination.Furthermore, the good contact condition at the interface results in good performance because it combines every layer of the pavement to work together.As overload aggravates the working condition of the pavement, it is not allowed.

  14. Effects of conductive fillers on temperature distribution of asphalt pavements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sun provides a cheap and abundant source of clean and renewable energy. Solar cells have been used to capture this energy and generate electricity. A more useful form of the solar cell would be asphalt pavements, which get heated up by solar radiation. Graphite powders are utilized as thermal conductive fillers to make an asphalt collector conductive so as to improve the efficiency of the asphalt collector. Accounting for the important application conditions and evaluating the effects of the heat conductive materials and the solar energy absorbability of the conductive asphalt collector, a finite element model has been developed to predict temperature distributions in the conductive asphalt solar collector. In this study, an experimental validation exercise was conducted using the measured data taken from full-depth asphalt slabs. Validation results showed that the model can satisfactorily predict the temperature distributions in asphalt concrete slabs. The optimal depth is 25-50 mm for placing pipes that serve as the heat exchanger. Meanwhile, the effect of the surroundings on the solar energy potential of the asphalt collector was noticeable.

  15. Effects of conductive fillers on temperature distribution of asphalt pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mingyu, Chen; Shaopeng, Wu; Yuan, Zhang; Hong, Wang

    2010-05-01

    The sun provides a cheap and abundant source of clean and renewable energy. Solar cells have been used to capture this energy and generate electricity. A more useful form of the solar cell would be asphalt pavements, which get heated up by solar radiation. Graphite powders are utilized as thermal conductive fillers to make an asphalt collector conductive so as to improve the efficiency of the asphalt collector. Accounting for the important application conditions and evaluating the effects of the heat conductive materials and the solar energy absorbability of the conductive asphalt collector, a finite element model has been developed to predict temperature distributions in the conductive asphalt solar collector. In this study, an experimental validation exercise was conducted using the measured data taken from full-depth asphalt slabs. Validation results showed that the model can satisfactorily predict the temperature distributions in asphalt concrete slabs. The optimal depth is 25-50 mm for placing pipes that serve as the heat exchanger. Meanwhile, the effect of the surroundings on the solar energy potential of the asphalt collector was noticeable.

  16. Advanced methodology for optimization of mixture design of asphalt concrete containing reclaimed asphalt pavement material

    OpenAIRE

    Bressi, Sara

    2016-01-01

    Despite the massive use of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) in Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) production, the chemo-physical phenomena that characterise the fabrication of these mixtures have not yet been completely explored. The detection and understanding of these mechanisms as well as the study of the heterogeneity that characterizes high RAP mix production are fundamental to improving the approach to recycling, because they represent the source of the mixture characteristics and performance. This...

  17. Representative volume element of asphalt pavement for electromagnetic measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terhi Pellinen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The motivation for this study was to investigate the representative volume element (RVE needed to correlate the nondestructive electromagnetic (EM measurements with the conventional destructive asphalt pavement quality control measurements. A large pavement rehabilitation contract was used as the test site for the experiment. Pavement cores were drilled from the same locations where the stationary and continuous Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR measurements were obtained. Laboratory measurements included testing the bulk density of cores using two methods, the surface-saturated dry method and determining bulk density by dimensions. Also, Vector Network Analyzer (VNA and the through specimen transmission configuration were employed at microwave frequencies to measure the reference dielectric constant of cores using two different footprint areas and therefore volume elements. The RVE for EM measurements turns out to be frequency dependent; therefore in addition to being dependent on asphalt mixture type and method of obtaining bulk density, it is dependent on the resolution of the EM method used. Then, although the average bulk property results agreed with theoretical formulations of higher core air void content giving a lower dielectric constant, for the individual cores there was no correlation for the VNA measurements because the volume element seizes deviated. Similarly, GPR technique was unable to capture the spatial variation of pavement air voids measured from the 150-mm drill cores. More research is needed to determine the usable RVE for asphalt.

  18. Performance of Recycled Asphalt Pavement as Coarse Aggregate in Concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fidelis O. OKAFOR

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Recycled asphalt pavement (RAP is the reclaimed and reprocessed pavement material containing asphalt and aggregate. Most RAP is recycled back into pavements, and as a result there is a general lack of data pertaining to the mechanical properties for RAP in other possible applications such as Portland cement concrete. In the present study, some mechanical properties of Portland cement concrete containing RAP as coarse aggregate were investigated in the laboratory. Six concrete mixes of widely differing water/cement ratios and mix proportions were made using RAP as coarse aggregate. The properties tested include the physical properties of the RAP aggregate, the compressive and flexural strengths of the concrete. These properties were compared with those of similar concretes made with natural gravel aggregate. Results of the tests suggest that the strength of concrete made from RAP is dependent on the bond strength of the “asphalt-mortar” (asphalt binder-sand-filler matrix coatings on the aggregates and may not produce concrete with compressive strength above 25 MPa. However, for middle and low strength concrete, the material was found to compare favorably with natural gravel aggregate.

  19. Decision of National and Provincial Highway Asphalt Pavement Structure Based on Value Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yingwei Ren

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available It is important that decision of asphalt pavement structure requires overall considerations of the performance and financial investment. To have asphalt pavement structure fulfilling good reliability, the asphalt pavement structure decision was researched based on value engineering theory. According to the national and provincial highway investigation data in Shandong Province during the last decade, the asphalt pavement performance attenuation rules of traffic levels and asphalt layer thicknesses were developed, and then the road performance evaluation method was presented. In addition, the initial investments, the costs of road maintenance, and middle-scale repair in a period were analyzed. For the light traffic and medium traffic example, using the value engineering method, the pavement performance and costs of which thickness varies from 6 cm to 10 cm were calculated and compared. It was concluded that value engineering was an effective method in deciding the asphalt pavement structure.

  20. Numerical simulation on the thermal response of heat-conducting asphalt pavements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using asphalt pavements as a solar collector is a subject of current interest all over the world because the sun provides a cheap and abundant source of clean and renewable energy, which can be captured by black asphalt pavements. A heat-conducting device is designed to absorb energy from the sun. In order to validate what parameters are critical in the asphalt collector, a finite element model is developed to predict the thermal response of the heat-conducting device compared to the conventional asphalt mixture. Some factors that may affect the asphalt pavement collector are considered, including the coefficient of heat conductivity of the asphalt pavement, the distance between pipes with the medium, water, and the pipe's diameter. Ultimately, the finite element model can provide pavement engineers with an efficient computational tool that can be a guide to the conductive asphalt solar collector's experiment in the laboratory.

  1. Numerical simulation on the thermal response of heat-conducting asphalt pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hong; Wu, Shaopeng; Chen, Mingyu; Zhang, Yuan

    2010-05-01

    Using asphalt pavements as a solar collector is a subject of current interest all over the world because the sun provides a cheap and abundant source of clean and renewable energy, which can be captured by black asphalt pavements. A heat-conducting device is designed to absorb energy from the sun. In order to validate what parameters are critical in the asphalt collector, a finite element model is developed to predict the thermal response of the heat-conducting device compared to the conventional asphalt mixture. Some factors that may affect the asphalt pavement collector are considered, including the coefficient of heat conductivity of the asphalt pavement, the distance between pipes with the medium, water, and the pipe's diameter. Ultimately, the finite element model can provide pavement engineers with an efficient computational tool that can be a guide to the conductive asphalt solar collector's experiment in the laboratory.

  2. Effects of reclaimed asphalt pavement on indirect tensile strength test of foamed asphalt mix tested in dry condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Indirect tensile strength (ITS) test was conducted to analyse strength of the foamed asphalt mixes incorporating reclaimed asphalt pavement. Samples were tested for ITS after cured in the oven at 40°C for 72 hours. This testing condition known as dry condition or unconditioned. Laboratory results show that reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) contents insignificantly affect the ITS results. ITS results significantly affected by foamed bitumen contents.

  3. Effects of reclaimed asphalt pavement on indirect tensile strength test of foamed asphalt mix tested in dry condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yati Katman, Herda; Rasdan Ibrahim, Mohd; Yazip Matori, Mohd; Norhisham, Shuhairy; Ismail, Norlela

    2013-06-01

    Indirect tensile strength (ITS) test was conducted to analyse strength of the foamed asphalt mixes incorporating reclaimed asphalt pavement. Samples were tested for ITS after cured in the oven at 40°C for 72 hours. This testing condition known as dry condition or unconditioned. Laboratory results show that reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) contents insignificantly affect the ITS results. ITS results significantly affected by foamed bitumen contents.

  4. Asphaltic concrete overlays of rigid and flexible pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinchen, R. W.; Temple, W. H.

    1980-10-01

    The development of a mechanistic approach to overlay thickness selection is described. The procedure utilizes a deflection analysis to determine pavement rehabilitation needs. Design guides for selecting the overlay thickness are presented. Tolerable deflection-traffic load relationships and the deflection attenuation properties of asphaltic concrete were developed, representing the subgrade support conditions and properties of materials used in Louisiana. All deflection measurements on asphaltic concrete were corrected for the effect of temperature. Deflection measurements taken before and after overlay were also adjusted to minimize the effects of seasonal subgrade moisture variation.

  5. Genetic Optimization Method of Asphalt Pavement Based on Rutting and Cracking Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Nowadays asphalt pavement structure bearing is not the main subject for pursuers to study.Comparatively,the pavement performance is more important and emphasized.Based on this,rutting and cracking analysis is introduced into pavement optimization.A optimization model based on these two considerations is also established.The genetic algorithms (GAs) is adopted to solve the model.It is an intellective method.This research provides a new idea and technique for asphalt pavement structure optimization.

  6. Research on the relationship between water stability and aggregate gradation of asphalt pavement

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao Bing; Zhao Bo

    2015-01-01

    In the early destruction of asphalt pavement, water damage is the most major form.In this paper, experimental study was conducted on the composition of asphalt concrete,Marshall specimens were made in different types of aggregate gradation with the same kind of asphalt. Water immersion tests were conducted in order to analysis the relationship between the water stability and aggregate gradation of asphalt pavement.

  7. The effect of aggregate density on pavement performance of SMA-13 asphalt mixture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiao Yinping

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper chooses the top layer SMA-13 asphalt mixture material as the research object. Basalt was selected as pavement material, and modified SBS asphalt was used as a cementing material. Two basalt aggregates with different densities were used to carry out standard Marshall test in the laboratory.Aimed at the volume parameters of the asphalt mixture carry on anaiysis,and obtian the effect of aggregate density on pavement performance of SMA-13 asphalt mixture, which is that the density of aggregate has a significant effect on the void ratio, saturation, and the gap rate of the aggregate, thus affecting the pavement performance of the asphalt mixture

  8. INVESTIGATION OF ASPHALT PAVEMENT WITH ADDED CRUMB RUBBER

    OpenAIRE

    Mandula, Jan; Olexa, Tomaš; Holubka, Mariya; Salaiova, Brigita

    2014-01-01

    Waste tires must be recycled in environmentally safe ways that meet civil engineering concerns while fulfilling standards for construction materials. Used tires can be processed into rubber powders with particle sizes of 0–2 mm, a suitable fine aggregate for mixing into road pavements. We tested asphalt mixtures with rubber added using the dry method, comparing their properties with a traditional mixture. We tested asphalt–rubber mixtures with rubber incorporated at either ambient temperature...

  9. Structural Design of Asphalt Pavement for Low Cost Rural Roads

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan Goulin; Chen Rongshen

    2006-01-01

    On the basis of the equivalent axle load action frequency, the traffic classifications of rural roads as well as their corresponding types are classified. The asphalt pavement structure, road surface types and thickness of the rural roads are suggested for the various action frequency of the equivalent axle load. Furthermore, the roadbase thickness graphs are provided according to different equivalent axle load action frequency with different roadbed modulus and road surface modulus taken into account.

  10. Sulfur extended asphalt pavement evaluation: Executive summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, J. P.

    1982-09-01

    This summary report overviews two previously issued study reports. One report assesses The availability and pricing of sulfur with respect to sulfur extended asphalt (SEA) paving mixture is assessed. A laboratory oriented testing program which was principally used to examine the durability and aging characteristics of SEA paving mixtures is reported.

  11. Asphalt Pavement Aging and Temperature Dependent Properties Using Functionally Graded Viscoelastic Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dave, Eshan V.

    2009-01-01

    Asphalt concrete pavements are inherently graded viscoelastic structures. Oxidative aging of asphalt binder and temperature cycling due to climatic conditions being the major cause of non-homogeneity. Current pavement analysis and simulation procedures dwell on the use of layered approach to account for these non-homogeneities. The conventional…

  12. Assessment of porous asphalt pavement performance: hydraulics and water quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, J. F.; Ballestero, T. P.; Roseen, R. M.; Houle, J. J.

    2005-05-01

    The objective of this study is to focus on the water quality treatment and hydraulic performance of a porous asphalt pavement parking lot in Durham, New Hampshire. The site was constructed in October 2004 to assess the suitability of porous asphalt pavement for stormwater management in cold climates. The facility consists of a 4-inch asphalt open-graded friction course layer overlying a high porosity sand and gravel base. This base serves as a storage reservoir in-between storms that can slowly infiltrate groundwater. Details on the design, construction, and cost of the facility will be presented. The porous asphalt pavements is qualitatively monitored for signs of distress, especially those due to cold climate stresses like plowing, sanding, salting, and freeze-thaw cycles. Life cycle predictions are discussed. Surface infiltration rates are measured with a constant head device built specifically to test high infiltration capacity pavements. The test measures infiltration rates in a single 4-inch diameter column temporarily sealed to the pavement at its base. A surface inundation test, as described by Bean, is also conducted as a basis for comparison of results (Bean, 2004). These tests assess infiltration rates soon after installation, throughout the winter, during snowmelt, after a winter of salting, sanding, and plowing, and after vacuuming in the spring. Frost penetration into the subsurface reservoir is monitored with a frost gauge. Hydrologic effects of the system are evaluated. Water levels are monitored in the facility and in surrounding wells with continuously logging pressure transducers. The 6-inch underdrain pipe that conveys excess water in the subsurface reservoir to a riprap pad is also continuously monitored for flow. Since porous asphalt pavement systems infiltrate surface water into the subsurface, it is important to assess whether water quality treatment performance in the subsurface reservoir is adequate. The assumed influent water quality is

  13. The Effect of Joint Width on Structural Performance of Asphalt Block Pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Abdelgalil

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Asphalt blocks have been occasionally used around the world as a road pavement, but there have been very limited studies being done to evaluate the effect of joint width (spacing between the blocks on the structural performance of asphalt paving blocks. This study explains the experimental study to assess the performance and properties of asphalt paving blocks laid with different joint widths between the blocks i.e., 0, 2 and 3 mm, respectively. A total of 250 asphalt paving blocks was manufactured and tested in the laboratory to ascertain the density, air voids, the compressive strength and the rut depth and displacement occurred in asphalt paving block. The design compressive load of single asphalt paving block is 166 kN. The test results showed that the joint width plays a vital role on the performance of asphalt block pavement. Asphalt paving blocks were laid as closely in contact as possible (0 mm yields the best structural performance.

  14. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Asphalt Pavement Construction: A Case Study in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Feng; Sha, Aimin; Lin, Ruiyu; Huang, Yue; Wang, Chao

    2016-03-22

    In China, the construction of asphalt pavement has a significant impact on the environment, and energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from asphalt pavement construction have been receiving increasing attention in recent years. At present, there is no universal criterion for the evaluation of GHG emissions in asphalt pavement construction. This paper proposes to define the system boundaries for GHG emissions from asphalt pavement by using a process-based life cycle assessment method. A method for evaluating GHG emissions from asphalt pavement construction is suggested. The paper reports a case study of GHG emissions from a typical asphalt pavement construction project in China. The results show that the greenhouse gas emissions from the mixture mixing phase are the highest, and account for about 54% of the total amount. The second highest GHG emission phase is the production of raw materials. For GHG emissions of cement stabilized base/subbase, the production of raw materials emits the most, about 98%. The GHG emission for cement production alone is about 92%. The results indicate that any measures to reduce GHG emissions from asphalt pavement construction should be focused on the raw materials manufacturing stage. If the raw materials production phase is excluded, the measures to reduce GHG emissions should be aimed at the mixture mixing phase.

  15. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Asphalt Pavement Construction: A Case Study in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Feng; Sha, Aimin; Lin, Ruiyu; Huang, Yue; Wang, Chao

    2016-03-01

    In China, the construction of asphalt pavement has a significant impact on the environment, and energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from asphalt pavement construction have been receiving increasing attention in recent years. At present, there is no universal criterion for the evaluation of GHG emissions in asphalt pavement construction. This paper proposes to define the system boundaries for GHG emissions from asphalt pavement by using a process-based life cycle assessment method. A method for evaluating GHG emissions from asphalt pavement construction is suggested. The paper reports a case study of GHG emissions from a typical asphalt pavement construction project in China. The results show that the greenhouse gas emissions from the mixture mixing phase are the highest, and account for about 54% of the total amount. The second highest GHG emission phase is the production of raw materials. For GHG emissions of cement stabilized base/subbase, the production of raw materials emits the most, about 98%. The GHG emission for cement production alone is about 92%. The results indicate that any measures to reduce GHG emissions from asphalt pavement construction should be focused on the raw materials manufacturing stage. If the raw materials production phase is excluded, the measures to reduce GHG emissions should be aimed at the mixture mixing phase. PMID:27011196

  16. Research on nonlinear constitutive relationship of permanent deformation in asphalt pavements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG; Miaojuan; XU; Zhihong

    2006-01-01

    To predict correctly the rut depths in asphalt pavements,a new nonlinear viscoelastic-elastoplastic constitutive model of permanent deformation in asphalt pavements is presented.The model combines a generalized Maxwell model with an elastoplastic one.Then from the creep theory,the linear and nonlinear constitutive equations of the generalized Maxwell model are obtained.From the nonlinear finite element method for the rutting of the asphalt pavement,the rut depths of 4 asphalt-aggregate mixtures are obtained.And the results are compared with the ones from the finite element method by SHRP and the experiments by SWK/UN.The results in this paper are better than the ones by SHRP,and agree with the ones of the experiment by SWK/UN.This shows that the nonlinear viscoelastic-elastoplastic constitutive model,which is presented in this paper for the rutting of the asphalt pavement,is effective.The properties,such as nonlinear elasticity,plasticity,viscoelasticity and nonlinear viscoelasticity,which affect the rutting of an asphalt pavement,can be shown in the model.And the characteristics of the permanent deformation of the asphalt pavement can be presented entirely in the model.

  17. Contributions of performance-graded asphalt to low temperature cracking resistance of pavements. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loh, S.W.; Olek, J.

    1999-05-01

    The purpose of this research was to study and evaluate the role that asphalt cracking. As part of the Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP) new specifications for asphalt binders were developed that are based on the performance of the material. The asphalt binder graded and specified according to these new performance-based specifications is called PG binder. These new specifications are commonly referred to as Superpave (Superior Performing Asphalt Pavement) binder specifications. A section of Interstate 64 in southern Indiana was experiencing severe low temperature cracking before it was reconstructed over the summers of 1995 and 1996. The binder used in the new pavement mixes was PG material. Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) tests, Bending Beam Rheometer (BBR) tests, and viscosity tests were performed on this binder. Comparisons were made between test results obtained from the binders in the old pavement and the new pavement. All tests and comparisons were based on the Superpave binder specifications.

  18. The influence of recycled asphalt pavement on 20mm binder course mix performance

    OpenAIRE

    Tabakovic, Amir; Gibney, Amanda; Gilchrist, M. D.; McNally, Ciaran

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents the results of ongoing research on the mechanical performance of a 20mm binder course asphalt pavement mix incorporating recycled asphalt pavement (RAP). A series of binder course mixes were designed containing varying percentages of RAP. A mix made only from virgin material was selected as the control mix for the investigation. The effect of introducing RAP into the binder course mix was evaluated through a series of laboratory tests including the Marshall Test, Indire...

  19. Solar-reflective coating as a cooling overlay for asphalt pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, He; Xu, Geng; Feng, Decheng; Zhong, Jing; Xie, Ning

    2012-04-01

    Rutting is one of the most serious problems on asphalt pavements. Decrease the surface temperature of the asphalt pavement is an effective method to solve the rutting problem on asphalt pavements. In this study, nano sized particles filled polymer composite was developed as an overlay to reflect the solar energy and decrease the surface temperature of asphalt pavements. The overlay was composed of acrylic or epoxy resin filled with nano TiO2 or nano TiNO2. The solar reflection of the nano particle filled polymers was tested and the results showed that solar reflection effectiveness of the epoxy/TiO2 composite reached the highest value. The results of outdoor temperature test indicate that the solar-reflective overlay could decrease the surface temperature of asphalt pavements about 10 °C when the pavement temperature is about 60 °C. Pavement skid resistance was also tested, which expressed by micro/macrotexture depth and the results of which showed that both matrix was qualified after coated with aggregates on the surface.

  20. A study of bituminous pavements to determine a correlation between pavement structure designs and tripping of asphalt cement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, B. R.

    1984-03-01

    After detecting a few cases of stripping of asphalt cement from the aggregate in bituminous pavement, there was concern that stripping might be a widespread problem in the state. It is agreed that water is the cause of stripping, and it was the opinion of some that pavements on granular bases would be less likely to strip because of supposedly better drainage characteristics. Differently designed pavement structures in all areas of the state were investigated to determine if there is a correlation between base and pavement design and stripping. Stripping was not as widespread as had been feared and there was less stripping in fulldepth bituminous base and pavement constructed over a lime-treated subgrade than in pavements constructed oer granular bases. This was contrary to what some had theorized.

  1. Characterization and modelling of self healing of bituminous materials towards durable asphalt pavement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Qiu, J.; Van de Ven, M.F.C.; Schlangen, H.E.J.G.; Wu, S.; Molenaar, A.A.A.

    2012-01-01

    The traffic volume and the number of heavy vehicles are growing enormously nowadays. There is a need for designing a durable asphalt pavement with innovative technologies. Pavement structures and materials with self healing and self repairing capability are believed to be very useful in such a syste

  2. Evaluation of Warm Mix Asphalt Technologies and Recycled Asphalt Pavements in Truckee Meadows, Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz Montecino, Cristian

    This study evaluated the properties and laboratory-performance of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) and Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) mixtures with different levels of Recycled Asphalt Pavements (RAP) content: none for control mixtures, around 15% by dry weight of aggregates, and more than 30% by dry weight of aggregates. The rheological properties were evaluated for virgin and recovered RAP asphalt binders. The target amount of RAP in the mixtures was determined by using Blending Charts and Mortar Experiments. The mixtures are design through the guidelines established in Marshall Mix Design Method considering additional modifications for RAP and WMA from Superpave Mix Design. The mixtures are evaluated for their resistance to moisture damage by means of measuring the Dynamic Modulus |E*| after three freeze/thaw cycles and the indirect tensile strength after one and three freeze/thaw cycles. The resistance of the mixtures to permanent deformation was also evaluated by using the Asphalt Mixture Performance Tester (AMPT) to measure the flow number (FN). For this study, it was determined that the resistance to moisture damage decreases as the number of freeze/thaw cycles increases for most of the evaluated mixtures. Mixtures exhibited an increase in dynamic modulus as the RAP percentage increased. A decrease in the resistance to moisture damage was detected with the increase in RAP content for most of the mixtures. HMA mixtures exhibited a better performance in rutting than the WMA mixtures. An increase in rutting resistance was observed with the increase in RAP percentage for HMA mixtures whereas an inconsistent trend was observed for WMA mixtures. Further study is needed to validate the use of the high percentage of RAP in Washoe County.

  3. Asphalt rubber interlayer benefits on reflective crack retardation of flexible pavement overlays

    OpenAIRE

    Shakir, Shatnawi; Pais, Jorge; Minhoto, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of the asphalt rubber interlayer benefits on reflective crack retardation in flexible pavement preservation and rehabilitation strategies. These interlayers are known in California as asphalt rubber absorbing membrane interlayers (SAMI-R) or as asphalt rubber aggregate membrane interlayers (ARAM-I) chip seals. These interlayers have been used successfully as part of cape seals and as part of an overlay system. The paper focuses on the performance in terms of fi...

  4. Asphalt rubber interlayer benefits in minimizing reflective cracking of overlays over rigid pavements

    OpenAIRE

    Shatnawi, Shakir; Pais, Jorge; Minhoto, Manuel

    2012-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of the asphalt rubber interlayer benefits on reflective crack retardation in overlays over rigid pavements. These interlayers are known in California as asphalt rubber absorbing membrane interlayers (SAMI-R) or as asphalt rubber aggregate membrane interlayers (ARAM-I) chip seals. The paper focuses on the performance in terms of field project reviews, laboratory performance tests and finite element analysis. SAMI-R has been given a reflective cracking equivalent...

  5. How to transform an asphalt concrete pavement into a solar turbine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • We create a system for harvesting energy from asphalt concrete. • We create an artificial porosity in the asphalt concrete. • We connect a chimney to this porosity. • Differences in temperature produce an air flow. • This air flow serves also for cooling down the pavement. - Abstract: Asphalt concrete can absorb a considerable amount of the incident solar radiation. For this reason asphalt roads could be used as solar collectors. There have been different attempts to achieve this goal. All of them have been done by integrating pipes conducting liquid, through the structure of the asphalt concrete. The problem of this system is that all pipes need to be interconnected: if one is broken, the liquid will come out and damage the asphalt concrete. To overcome these limitations, in this article, an alternative concept is proposed:parallel air conduits, where air can circulate will be integrated in the pavement structure. The idea is to connect these artificial pore volumes in the pavement to an updraft or to a downdraft chimney. Differences of temperature between the pavement and the environment can be used to create an air flow, which would allow wind turbines to produce an amount of energy and that would cool the pavement down in summer or even warm it up in winter. To demonstrate that this is possible, an asphalt concrete prototype has been created and basics calculations on the parameters affecting the system have been done. It has been found that different temperatures, volumes of air inside the asphalt and the difference of temperature between the asphalt concrete and the environment are critical to maximize the air flow through the pavement. Moreover, it has been found that this system can be also used to reduce the heat island effect

  6. New Asphalt Pavement Failure Criterion Based on Unifi ed Strength Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Qun; CHEN Lu; WANG Ping; DAI Jingwang

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to introduce an appropriate analytical method for asphalt pavement based upon unified strength theory (UST). The traditional maximum shear stress strength theory (MSST) cannot describe the marked difference between tension strength and compressive strength or variable intermediate principal stress, which significantly affects the geotechnical materials. Our studies try to find a new asphalt pavement failure criterion that considers the influence of both tension-compression strength ratio and intermediate principal stress of asphalt mixture. In order to select a suitable theory on pavement material, the UST is introduced and compared with the traditional theory. Results show that the tension-compression strength ratio of asphalt mixture, which is used as a material parameter, dramatically affects the stress and stress distribution law in pavement; the pavement stress level increases dramatically after considering the intermediate principal stresses. Therefore, the UST which considers both tension-compression strength ratio and intermediate principal stress is more in line with the material characteristics of asphalt pavement.

  7. Criteria for asphalt-rubber concrete in civil airport pavements: Mixture design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, F. L.; Lytton, R. L.; Hoyt, D.

    1986-07-01

    A mixture design procedure is developed to allow the use of asphalt-rubber binders in concrete for flexible airport pavement. The asphalt-rubber is produced by reacting asphalt with ground, scrap tire rubber to produce the binder for the asphalt-rubber concrete. Procedures for laboratory preparation of alsphalt-rubber binders using an equipment setup that was found by researchers to produce laboratory binders with similar properties to field processes are included. The rubber-asphalt concrete mixture design procedure includes adjustments to the aggregate gradation to permit space for the rubber particles in the asphalt-rubber binder as well as suggested mixing and compaction temperatures, and compaction efforts. While the procedure was used in the laboratory to successfully produce asphalt-rubber concrete mixtures, it should be evaluated in the field to ensure that consistent results can be achieved in a production environment.

  8. The Development of Recycling Agent for Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A type of recycling agent was developed and its use for modifying used asphalt is described.The results show that the viscosity and three main properties of the aged asphalt were remarkably improved.With 5%-7% content of recycling agent, the main properties of recycled asphalt comported with China GB asphalt standard AH-70 and the recycled asphalt concrete could be used as high-grade highway.Furthermore,the recycling mechanism of the aged asphalt is discussed.

  9. Thermal and hydraulic analysis of multilayered asphalt pavements as active solar collectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A new type of asphalt solar collector has been introduced in this paper. • The common pipe network has been replaced for a highly porous asphalt layer. • The use of these collectors contributes to achieve current environmental targets. • Excellent thermal efficiencies have been obtained in the laboratory tests. • Further research is needed to increase the low flow rates achieved. - Abstract: The fulfillment of current environmental aims like reducing fossil fuel consumption or greenhouse gas emissions entails the development of new technologies that enable the use of cleaner, cheaper and renewable energies. Furthermore, the need to improve energy efficiency in buildings encourages scientists and engineers to find new ways of harvesting energy for later uses. The use of asphalt pavements as active solar collectors is introduced in this article. Several authors have studied the use of roads as an energy source before. However, a new technology is presented in which a multilayered pavement with a highly porous middle layer is used instead of a solar collector with an embedded pipe network. These collectors are fully integrated within the road infrastructure and may offer low cost solar energy for water heating. The paper includes a brief comment on the state-of-the-art. Then, a broad methodology is presented in which data, materials and procedures needed to run the tests are fully described. Finally, the results of the laboratory tests are stated and discussed. The prototype used in the laboratory provided excellent thermal efficiency. However, these good results contrast with the low flow rate levels registered during the tests. Thus, although this technology seems to be very promising, new experimental tests should be performed before an effective application is possible

  10. 沥青路面施工技术浅谈%On construction technology of asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟勇

    2009-01-01

    Combined with wide application of asphalt pavement the reasons caused the premature failure of asphalt pavement axe analyzed, at the same time corresponding key points for asphalt pavement construction are presented. Meanwhile, technological research and innovation prospect of asphalt pavement are elaborated, in order to increase construction quality and prolong the service life of asphalt pavement to ensure investment benefits.%结合沥青路面的广泛应用,分析了沥青路面早期损害形成的原因,提出了沥青路面施工要领,阐述了沥青路面的技术研究和创新前景,以提高沥青路面的质量,延长沥青路面的使用周期,从而提高投资效益.

  11. Analytical prediction and field validation of transient temperature field in asphalt pavements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈嘉祺; 李亮; 汪浩

    2015-01-01

    This work presented the development and validation of an analytical method to predict the transient temperature field in the asphalt pavement. The governing equation for heat transfer was based on heat conduction radiation and convection. An innovative time-dependent function was proposed to predict the pavement surface temperature with solar radiation and air temperature using dimensional analysis in order to simplify the complex heat exchange on the pavement surface. The parameters for the time-dependent pavement surface temperature function were obtained through the regression analysis of field measurement data. Assuming that the initial pavement temperature distribution was linear and the influence of the base course materials on the temperature of the upper asphalt layers was negligible, a close-form analytical solution of the temperature in asphalt layers was derived using Green’s function. Finally, two numerical examples were presented to validate the model solutions with field temperature measurements. Analysis results show that the solution accuracy is in agreement with field data and the relative errors at a shallower depth are greater than those at a deeper one. Although the model is not sensitive to dramatic changes in climatic factors near the pavement surface, it is applicable for predicting pavement temperature field in cloudless days.

  12. An Optimization Model for Design of Asphalt Pavements Based on IHAP Code Number 234

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Reza Ghanizadeh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pavement construction is one of the most costly parts of transportation infrastructures. Incommensurate design and construction of pavements, in addition to the loss of the initial investment, would impose indirect costs to the road users and reduce road safety. This paper aims to propose an optimization model to determine the optimal configuration as well as the optimum thickness of different pavement layers based on the Iran Highway Asphalt Paving Code Number 234 (IHAP Code 234. After developing the optimization model, the optimum thickness of pavement layers for secondary rural roads, major rural roads, and freeways was determined based on the recommended prices in “Basic Price List for Road, Runway and Railway” of Iran in 2015 and several charts were developed to determine the optimum thickness of pavement layers including asphalt concrete, granular base, and granular subbase with respect to road classification, design traffic, and resilient modulus of subgrade. Design charts confirm that in the current situation (material prices in 2015, application of asphalt treated layer in pavement structure is not cost effective. Also it was shown that, with increasing the strength of subgrade soil, the subbase layer may be removed from the optimum structure of pavement.

  13. The design and analysis on asphalt concrete pavement%沥青混凝土路面设计分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王星茹

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduced the design process of urban road asphalt pavement,discussed the material and type of asphalt concrete pave-ment,from the pavement structure combination design,pavement design index,pavement structure layer calculation and other aspects,elabora-ted the design method of asphalt concrete pavement,made the asphalt pavement meet the structure strength and stability requirements.%介绍了城市道路沥青路面设计的流程,论述了沥青混凝土面层的材料与类型,从路面结构组合设计、路面设计指标、路面结构层计算等方面,阐述了沥青混凝土路面的设计方法,使沥青路面满足结构强度和稳定性的要求.

  14. Research on segregation evaluation methods of asphalt pavement based on air voids distribution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Eye observation was used to evaluate the segregation degree of asphalt pavement, which was not much creditable. To the asphalt pavement, road surface texture measuring method which has appeared recently can identify gradational segregation; but it can't reflect the influence of the temperature segregation. However,using infrared temperature detector to evaluate the segregation must be taken during paving, which brings much inconvenience. In this paper, measuring the air voids distribution using non-nuclear density gauge to evaluate asphalt pavement segregation was introduced. Result shows that this method can directly reflect the comprehensive results of the two types of segregation in a high efficient and accurate way. Moreover, using the sketch map of segregation area can help to analyze the segregation reason visually.

  15. Viscoroute 2.0: a tool for the simulation of moving load effects on asphalt pavement

    CERN Document Server

    Chabot, Armelle; Deloffre, Lydie; Duhamel, Denis

    2010-01-01

    As shown by strains measured on full scale experimental aircraft structures, traffic of slow-moving multiple loads leads to asymmetric transverse strains that can be higher than longitudinal strains at the bottom of asphalt pavement layers. To analyze this effect, a model and a software called ViscoRoute have been developed. In these tools, the structure is represented by a multilayered half-space, the thermo-viscoelastic behaviour of asphalt layers is accounted by the Huet-Sayegh rheological law and loads are assumed to move at constant speed. First, the paper presents a comparison of results obtained with ViscoRoute to results stemming from the specialized literature. For thick asphalt pavement and several configurations of moving loads, other ViscoRoute simulations confirm that it is necessary to incorporate viscoelastic effects in the modelling to well predict the pavement behaviour and to anticipate possible damages in the structure.

  16. Analysis of asphalt pavement structural response from an accelerated loading test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    This study was to compare theoretical calculation and practical measurement structure response of asphalt pavement. Analysis of the pavement layer moduli was determined from a Back-calculation of Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) data and the measured stiffness moduli of asphalt layer cores. The pavement response was calculated using a theoretical model and the measured strain response at the bottom different layers.Layered elastic theory was used to back-calculate the layer moduli and three different theory models were used to forward calculate the strain and deflection. The models were: Layered Elastic Theory (LET), the Method of Equivalent Thicknesses (MET) with linear elastic and the Finite Element Method (FEM) where asphalt layer may be viscoelastic. The results showed that the calculation structure response from FEM was consistent with measured results.

  17. Evaluation and verification of two systems for mechanistic structural design of asphalt concrete pavements in Nebraska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sneddon, R. V.

    1982-07-01

    The VESY-3-A mechanistic design system for asphalt pavements was field verified for three pavement sections at two test sites in Nebraska. PSI predictions from VESYS were in good agreement with field measurements for a 20 year old 3 layer pavement located near Elmwood, Nebraska. Field measured PSI values for an 8 in. full depth pavement also agreed with VESYS predictions for the study period. Rut depth estimates from the model were small and were in general agreement with field measurements. Cracking estimates were poor and tended to underestimate the time required to develop observable fatigue cracking in the field. Asphalt, base course and subgrade materials were tested in a 4.0 in. diameter modified triaxial cell. Test procedures used dynamic conditioning and rest periods to simulate service conditions.

  18. A Review on Using Crumb Rubber in Reinforcement of Asphalt Pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuha Salim Mashaan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available An immense problem affecting environmental pollution is the increase of waste tyre vehicles. In an attempt to decrease the magnitude of this issue, crumb rubber modifier (CRM obtained from waste tyre rubber has gained interest in asphalt reinforcement. The use of crumb rubber in the reinforcement of asphalt is considered as a smart solution for sustainable development by reusing waste materials, and it is believed that crumb rubber modifier (CRM could be an alternative polymer material in improving hot mix asphalt performance properties. In this paper, a critical review on the use of crumb rubber in reinforcement of asphalt pavement will be presented and discussed. It will also include a review on the effects of CRM on the stiffness, rutting, and fatigue resistance of road pavement construction.

  19. A review on using crumb rubber in reinforcement of asphalt pavement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashaan, Nuha Salim; Ali, Asim Hassan; Karim, Mohamed Rehan; Abdelaziz, Mahrez

    2014-01-01

    An immense problem affecting environmental pollution is the increase of waste tyre vehicles. In an attempt to decrease the magnitude of this issue, crumb rubber modifier (CRM) obtained from waste tyre rubber has gained interest in asphalt reinforcement. The use of crumb rubber in the reinforcement of asphalt is considered as a smart solution for sustainable development by reusing waste materials, and it is believed that crumb rubber modifier (CRM) could be an alternative polymer material in improving hot mix asphalt performance properties. In this paper, a critical review on the use of crumb rubber in reinforcement of asphalt pavement will be presented and discussed. It will also include a review on the effects of CRM on the stiffness, rutting, and fatigue resistance of road pavement construction. PMID:24688369

  20. Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Glass Cullet Mixed with Asphalt as Low-Exothermic Pavement Material

    OpenAIRE

    Gotoh, Keinosuke; Yamanaka, Minoru; Saruwatari, Motoki; Mochishita, Teruo

    2001-01-01

    The asphalt pavement contributes to the heat island phenomenon of the city. Thus in order to decrease the temperature of asphalt pavement and to utilize glass cullet as a recycling material as an aggregate, some tests were carried out. In this study the specimen in which the cullet was entrapped in cold-laid paving materials and non-mixing specimen are made respectively, and the surface temperature of each specimen is measured by the thermal video camera. A set of tests have been conducted an...

  1. Feasibility of using 100% Recycled Asphalt Pavement mixtures for road construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Russell Edgar, IV

    Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP) is the largest recycled good in the United States and 80 million tons are recycled yearly, saving taxpayers about $1.5 billion dollars. This paper explores the possibility of utilizing 100% RAP materials in asphalt pavement. Asphalt mixtures are produced at 135°C in a typical asphalt plant. However, at 135°C, not all binder from RAP materials may not become effective for coating aggregates. The main objective of the study is to determine the amount of effective binder available from RAP in the asphalt plant. The 100% RAP mixes have aged binder that can alter mix designs and interaction with virgin binder. In this study, to determine low temperature cracking resistance and fatigue performance, samples were prepared using a 100% RAP mix with no virgin binder and a 100% RAP mix with virgin asphalt binder to achieve the optimum binder content of the mix. Second, to determine the effectiveness of binder from RAP materials, compaction tests were performed by heating RAP materials at various temperatures. It was found that 100% RAP mixes cannot be feasible for field use if additional virgin binder is added to reach the optimum asphalt content. Based on limited test results, the low temperature grade was not within proper limits but the beam fatigue testing results were acceptable. Based on compaction test results, additional heating is needed to increase the effectiveness of asphalt binder from RAP materials.

  2. Modelling of Mechanical Properties of Cement Concrete Incorporating Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement

    OpenAIRE

    MATHIAS, Vincent; SEDRAN, Thierry; De Larrard, François

    2009-01-01

    In many countries there is a trend to recycle wastes obtained during pavement maintenance or reconstruction, and to forbid the landfill of these products. Thus, in some circumstances it can be tempting to use reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) in new hydraulic concrete mixtures. This paper presents experimental data and modelling about the effect of RAP incorporation on cement concrete mechanical properties (compressive strength, tensile strengths and E-modulus). All these properties tend to de...

  3. Performance Evaluation of Crumb Rubber Modified Stone Mastic Asphalt Pavement in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Nuha Salim Mashaan; Ali, Asim H.; Suhana Koting; Mohamed Rehan Karim

    2013-01-01

    To prevent pavement distresses there are various solutions such as adopting new mix designs or utilisation of asphalt additives. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effect of adding crumb tyre rubber as an additive to SMA mixture performance properties. This study investigated the essential aspects of modified asphalt mixtures in order to better understand the influence of CRM modifiers on volumetric, mechanical, and stiffness properties of SMA mixture. In this study, virgin ...

  4. Use of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) Under Superpave Specifications: A Regional Pooled Fund Project

    OpenAIRE

    McDaniel, Rebecca; Soleymani, Hamid; Shah, Ayesha

    2002-01-01

    This regional pooled fund project was conducted to investigate the performance of Superpave asphalt mixtures incorporating RAP. This study was closely coordinated with a national study on the same topic (NCHRP 9-12, Incorporation of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement in the Superpave System). Specifically, this regional project looked at typical materials from the North Central United States to determine if the findings of NCHRP 9-12 were valid for Midwestern materials and to expand the NCHRP finding...

  5. Permanent Deformation of Asphalt Concrete Pavements: A Nonlinear Viscoelastic Approach to Mix Analyses and Design

    OpenAIRE

    Long, Fenella Margare

    2001-01-01

    Because pavements are being subjected to increasingly heavy loads, many mix design procedures currently in use may not adequately prevent permanent deformation (rutting) in asphalt concrete. This dissertation describes the development of a nonlinear viscoelastic constitutive model that can be used in mix analyses to design rut-resistant mixes. Shear deformation is the dominant cause of rutting in asphalt concrete, a nonlinear viscoelastic material. To determine the viscoelastic shear...

  6. Stormwater quality of spring-summer-fall effluent from three partial-infiltration permeable pavement systems and conventional asphalt pavement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, Jennifer; Bradford, Andrea; Van Seters, Tim

    2014-06-15

    This study examined the spring, summer and fall water quality performance of three partial-infiltration permeable pavement (PP) systems and a conventional asphalt pavement in Ontario. The study, conducted between 2010 and 2012, compared the water quality of effluent from two Interlocking Permeable Concrete Pavements (AquaPave(®) and Eco-Optiloc(®)) and a Hydromedia(®) Pervious Concrete pavement with runoff from an Asphalt control pavement. The usage of permeable pavements can mitigate the impact of urbanization on receiving surface water systems through quantity control and stormwater treatment. The PP systems provided excellent stormwater treatment for petroleum hydrocarbons, total suspended solids, metals (copper, iron, manganese and zinc) and nutrients (total-nitrogen and total-phosphorus) by reducing event mean concentrations (EMC) as well as total pollutant loadings. The PPs significantly reduced the concentration and loading of ammonia (NH4(+)+NH3), nitrite (NO2(-)) and organic-nitrogen (Org-N) but increased the concentration and loading of nitrate (NO3(-)). The PP systems had mixed performances for the treatment of phosphate (PO4(3-)). The PP systems increased the concentration of sodium (Na) and chloride (Cl) but EMCs remained well below recommended levels for drinking water quality. Relative to the observed runoff, winter road salt was released more slowly from the PP systems resulting in elevated spring and early-summer Cl and Na concentrations in effluent. PP materials were found to introduce dissolved solids into the infiltrating stormwater. The release of these pollutants was verified by additional laboratory scale testing of the individual pavement and aggregate materials at the University of Guelph. Pollutant concentrations were greatest during the first few months after construction and declined rapidly over the course of the study.

  7. Stormwater quality of spring-summer-fall effluent from three partial-infiltration permeable pavement systems and conventional asphalt pavement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, Jennifer; Bradford, Andrea; Van Seters, Tim

    2014-06-15

    This study examined the spring, summer and fall water quality performance of three partial-infiltration permeable pavement (PP) systems and a conventional asphalt pavement in Ontario. The study, conducted between 2010 and 2012, compared the water quality of effluent from two Interlocking Permeable Concrete Pavements (AquaPave(®) and Eco-Optiloc(®)) and a Hydromedia(®) Pervious Concrete pavement with runoff from an Asphalt control pavement. The usage of permeable pavements can mitigate the impact of urbanization on receiving surface water systems through quantity control and stormwater treatment. The PP systems provided excellent stormwater treatment for petroleum hydrocarbons, total suspended solids, metals (copper, iron, manganese and zinc) and nutrients (total-nitrogen and total-phosphorus) by reducing event mean concentrations (EMC) as well as total pollutant loadings. The PPs significantly reduced the concentration and loading of ammonia (NH4(+)+NH3), nitrite (NO2(-)) and organic-nitrogen (Org-N) but increased the concentration and loading of nitrate (NO3(-)). The PP systems had mixed performances for the treatment of phosphate (PO4(3-)). The PP systems increased the concentration of sodium (Na) and chloride (Cl) but EMCs remained well below recommended levels for drinking water quality. Relative to the observed runoff, winter road salt was released more slowly from the PP systems resulting in elevated spring and early-summer Cl and Na concentrations in effluent. PP materials were found to introduce dissolved solids into the infiltrating stormwater. The release of these pollutants was verified by additional laboratory scale testing of the individual pavement and aggregate materials at the University of Guelph. Pollutant concentrations were greatest during the first few months after construction and declined rapidly over the course of the study. PMID:24681366

  8. State-of-the-art guideline manual for design, quality control, and construction of sulfur-extended-asphalt (SEA) pavements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McBee, W.C.; Sullivan, T.A.; Izatt, J.O.

    1980-01-01

    Interest in the use of sulfur in highway pavement construction has been stimulated by unpredictable increases in cost and the relative uncertainty as to the future availability of asphalt cement (A/C) along with the potential surplus of sulfur in the near future. These events have led to the development of a new binder: a sulfur-extended-asphalt (SEA) binder. This new binder replaces some of the asphalt with sulfur in conventional asphalt paving plants. The mix material can be transported, laid, and compacted with standard paving equipment. Studies of SEA pavements indicate that their properties are comparable and in some cases may prove to be superior to those of conventional asphalt pavements. The manual presents state-of-the-art guidelines for design, quality control, safety factors, and construction of these newly developed pavements. A nonproprietary, direct mixing method and four proprietary methods of producing the SEA mixtures are described.

  9. HOW TO OBTAIN ECONOMICALLY EFFICIENT ASPHALT CONCRETE MIXTURES FOR CONSTRUCTIVE AUTOMOBILE ROAD AND STREET PAVEMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Verenko

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes a methodology for evaluation of technical and economic efficiency of asphalt concrete mixture components. The method allows to perform a directed search for new materials which are used for mixture preparation and it also provides an efficient use of monetary funds. Firstly, it is possible to obtain this result due to optimum price-quality ratio of asphalt mixture which is determined by its service life in a pavement; secondly, it is possible to obtain this result due to  exclusion of errors while selecting components of the asphalt mixture out of the whole range applied presently in the world practice.

  10. State-of-the art guideline manual for design, quality control and construction of Sulfur-Extended-Asphalt (SEA) pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBee, W. C.; Sullivan, T. A.; Izatt, J. O.

    1980-08-01

    Sulfur-Extended-Asphalt (SEA) binders save asphalt, a potential energy source, by replacing some asphalt in conventional flexible pavement mixes with sulfur. These new binders appear to possess properties comparable to asphalt. The guideline manual discussed provides the highway community in both public and private organizations with the most definitive state-of-the-art guidelines extant for using these binders. Information on design, construction, quality control, equipment, mixing plants, specifications, and safety is included. Administrators and professionals in pavement construction, design, maintenance, and materials testing will be the personnel who are most interested in the manual.

  11. Numerical modeling of inelastic structures at loading of steady state rolling. Thermo-mechanical asphalt pavement computation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wollny, Ines; Hartung, Felix; Kaliske, Michael

    2016-05-01

    In order to gain a deeper knowledge of the interactions in the coupled tire-pavement-system, e.g. for the future design of durable pavement structures, the paper presents recent results of research in the field of theoretical-numerical asphalt pavement modeling at material and structural level, whereby the focus is on a realistic and numerically efficient computation of pavements under rolling tire load by using the finite element method based on an Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) formulation. Inelastic material descriptions are included into the ALE frame efficiently by a recently developed unsplit history update procedure. New is also the implementation of a viscoelastic cohesive zone model into the ALE pavement formulation to describe the interaction of the single pavement layers. The viscoelastic cohesive zone model is further extended to account for the normal pressure dependent shear behavior of the bonding layer. Another novelty is that thermo-mechanical effects are taken into account by a coupling of the mechanical ALE pavement computation to a transient thermal computation of the pavement cross-section to obtain the varying temperature distributions of the pavement due to climatic impact. Then, each ALE pavement simulation considers the temperature dependent asphalt material model that includes elastic, viscous and plastic behavior at finite strains and the temperature dependent viscoelastic cohesive zone formulation. The temperature dependent material parameters of the asphalt layers and the interfacial layers are fitted to experimental data. Results of coupled tire-pavement computations are presented to demonstrate potential fields of application.

  12. FORECASTING OF DURABILITY OF ASPHALT PAVEMENT ON THE BASIS OF LEVELS OF THEIR VIBRATION LOADING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Osinovskaya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of low durability of flexible pavement is one of the most important problems of road economy. For example, the actual service life of asphalt pavement in Russia about 3 … 5 years. The bad condition of highways is an obstacle for the development of the national economy and leads to a significant annual economic losses.At present, this problem has no exact solution. Even at the seeming good road conditions of Europe and America the problem of low durability is no less important in these countries. And this problem becomes more and more actual every year.Our scientific researches allowed to make a hypothesis that the projected of pavements are not have the necessary durability yet not of a stage of designing because in strength calculations did not take into account the vibration of road constructions.Very actual the vibration loading becomes today as is now significantly changed the nature of loading of pavements. As a result the deflections of a pavements are reduced, but the increased vibration of pavements accelerated processes of destruction and significantly reduced durability.The theory of vibration destruction developed by the author allows to adjust the vibration, to form the vibration resistance pavements, and also to forecast a residual life of pavements that will more effectively develop repair actions.

  13. Predicting the behavior of asphalt concrete pavements in seasonal frost areas using nondestructive techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janoo, Vincent C.; Berg, Richard L.

    1990-11-01

    Four different pavement test sections were subjected to freeze-thaw cycling in the Frost Effects Research Facility (FERF). The test sections, each 610 cm in length, consisted of 15.2 cm of asphalt concrete pavement over a clay subgrade; 15.2 cm of asphalt concrete over 10.2 cm of crushed gravel over a clay subgrade; 5.1 cm of asphalt over 17.8 cm of crushed gravel over 20.3 cm of clean sand over a clay subgrade; and 5.1 cm of asphalt concrete over 25.4 cm of crushed gravel over 12.7 cm of clean sand over clay subgrade. Thermocouples were imbedded throughout the pavement structure and subgrade. During the thawing periods, deflection measurements were made at four locations in each test section using a Dynatest Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD). The results of the deflection measurement are presented here. An analysis was done to qualify the subgrade strength based solely on FDW measurements. It was also shown that a relationship existed between thaw depth and FWD measurement in the subgrade.

  14. Implementation and Validation of the Viscoelastic Continuum Damage Theory for Asphalt Mixture and Pavement Analysis in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nascimento, Luis Alberto Herrmann do

    This dissertation presents the implementation and validation of the viscoelastic continuum damage (VECD) model for asphalt mixture and pavement analysis in Brazil. It proposes a simulated damage-to-fatigue cracked area transfer function for the layered viscoelastic continuum damage (LVECD) program framework and defines the model framework's fatigue cracking prediction error for asphalt pavement reliability-based design solutions in Brazil. The research is divided into three main steps: (i) implementation of the simplified viscoelastic continuum damage (S-VECD) model in Brazil (Petrobras) for asphalt mixture characterization, (ii) validation of the LVECD model approach for pavement analysis based on field performance observations, and defining a local simulated damage-to-cracked area transfer function for the Fundao Project's pavement test sections in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, and (iii) validation of the Fundao project local transfer function to be used throughout Brazil for asphalt pavement fatigue cracking predictions, based on field performance observations of the National MEPDG Project's pavement test sections, thereby validating the proposed framework's prediction capability. For the first step, the S-VECD test protocol, which uses controlled-on-specimen strain mode-of-loading, was successfully implemented at the Petrobras and used to characterize Brazilian asphalt mixtures that are composed of a wide range of asphalt binders. This research verified that the S-VECD model coupled with the GR failure criterion is accurate for fatigue life predictions of Brazilian asphalt mixtures, even when very different asphalt binders are used. Also, the applicability of the load amplitude sweep (LAS) test for the fatigue characterization of the asphalt binders was checked, and the effects of different asphalt binders on the fatigue damage properties of the asphalt mixtures was investigated. The LAS test results, modeled according to VECD theory, presented a strong correlation with

  15. Sustainable asphalt pavement: Application of slaughterhouse waste oil and fly ash in asphalt binder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez Ramos, Jorge Luis

    Increasing energy costs, lack of sufficient natural resources and the overwhelming demand for petroleum has stimulated the development of alternative binders to modify or replace petroleum-based asphalt binders. In the United States, the petroleum-based asphalt binder is mainly used to produce the Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA). There are approximately 4000 asphalt plants that make 500 million tons of asphalt binder valued at roughly 3 billion/year. The instability of the world's oil market has pushed oil prices to more than 80 per barrel in 2012, which increased the cost of asphalt binder up to $570 per ton. Therefore, there is a timely need to find alternative sustainable resources to the asphalt binder. This paper investigates the possibility of the partial replacement of the asphalt binder with slaughterhouse waste and/or fly ash. In order to achieve this objective, the asphalt binder is mixed with different percentages of waste oil and/or fly ash. In order to investigate the effect of these additives to the performance of the asphalt binder, a complete performance grade test performed on multiple samples. The results of the performance grade tests are compared with a control sample to observe how the addition of the waste oil and/or fly ash affects the sample. Considering the increasing cost and demand of asphalt, the use of slaughterhouse waste oil and/or fly ash as a partial replacement may result in environmental and monetary improvements in the transportation sector.

  16. Investigation of Primary Causes of Load-Related Cracking in Asphalt Concrete Pavement in North Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hong Joon

    This dissertation presents causes of cracking in asphalt concrete pavement in North Carolina through field investigation and laboratory experiments with field extracted material. North Carolina is experiencing higher than anticipated rates of fatigue cracking compared to other state. These higher than expected rates could be reflective of the national trends in mix design practice or could be caused by structural pavement failures. The problems associated with premature cracking in North Carolina pavements point to the need to evaluate the North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT) mixes, processes, and measures to ensure that these factors properly balance the goals of preventing cracking and minimizing permanent deformation. Without solid data from in-service pavements, any conclusions regarding the causes of these failures might be pure conjecture. Accordingly, this research examines material properties through laboratory experiments using field-extracted materials and investigates in situ pavements and pavement structure. In order to assess condition of existing pavement, alligator cracking index (ACI) was developed. The asphalt content in the top layer that exhibits top-down cracking or bottom-up cracking has a proportional relationship to ACI values. The air void content in a bottom layer that exhibits top-down cracking or bottom-up cracking shows an inverse proportional relationship to ACI values. These observations reflect reasonable results. A comparison between ACI and asphalt film thickness values does not produce noteworthy findings, but somewhat reasonable results are evident once the range of comparison is narrowed down. Thicker film thicknesses show higher ACI values. From field core visual observations, road widening is identified as a major cause of longitudinal cracking. Regions with observed layer interface separation tend to have low ACI values. Through tensile strain simulation based on actual field conditions, it is observed that

  17. Using Pyrolized Carbon Black (PCB) from Waste Tires in Asphalt Pavement (Part 2, Asphalt Binder)

    OpenAIRE

    Zeng, Yongdong; Lovell, C. W.

    1996-01-01

    Scrap tires derived from automobiles have become a large environmental problem in the United States. In this study, research is carried out to investigate the potential use of tire-derived pyrolyzed carbon black from scrap tires as an asphalt cement modifier. The asphalt cements used in this research were AC10 and AC20. Penetration and softening point tests were performed to obtain the consistency of the asphalt cements. The pyrolyzed carbon black, as provided by Wolf Industries, was comb...

  18. Strain transfer analysis of optical fiber based sensors embedded in an asphalt pavement structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Huaping; Xiang, Ping

    2016-07-01

    Asphalt pavement is vulnerable to random damage, such as cracking and rutting, which can be proactively identified by distributed optical fiber sensing technology. However, due to the material nature of optical fibers, a bare fiber is apt to be damaged during the construction process of pavements. Thus, a protective layer is needed for this application. Unfortunately, part of the strain of the host material is absorbed by the protective layer when transferring the strain to the sensing fiber. To account for the strain transfer error, in this paper a theoretical analysis of the strain transfer of a three-layered general model has been carried out by introducing Goodman’s hypothesis to describe the interfacial shear stress relationship. The model considers the viscoelastic behavior of the host material and protective layer. The effects of one crack in the host material and the sensing length on strain transfer relationship are been discussed. To validate the effectiveness of the strain transfer analysis, a flexible asphalt-mastic packaged distributed optical fiber sensor was designed and tested in a laboratory environment to monitor the distributed strain and appearance of cracks in an asphalt concrete beam at two different temperatures. The experimental results indicated that the developed strain transfer formula can significantly reduce the strain transfer error, and that the asphalt-mastic packaged optical fiber sensor can successfully monitor the distributed strain and identify local cracks.

  19. Design tool for the thermal energy potential of asphalt pavements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Loomans, M.G.L.C.; Oversloot, H.P.; Bondt, A. de; Jansen, R.; Rij, H. van

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes the development of a design tool for the calculation of the thermal energy potential of a so-called asphalt collector. Two types of numerical models have been developed and validated against experimental results from a full-scale test-site. The validation showed to be a tedious

  20. About the sizes of elastomer particles in the asphalt concrete binder providing the maximum service life of pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, A. M.; Chekunaev, N. I.

    2014-05-01

    It is noted that the durability of asphalt concrete pavements is determined by the time of the trunk cracks formation in the polymer-containing composites - in the modified by elastomers (e.g., by rubber) bitumenous binder of asphalt. Developed by the authors previously the theory of the cracks propagation in heterosystems [1] has allowed to investigate the problem of the cracks propagation in the rubber-bitumen composite. This investigations show that most effectively to prevente the trunk cracks formation in asphalt concrete can ultrafine rubber particles (150-750 nm) in a bitumenos binder of asphalt.

  1. Sulfur extended asphalt pavement evaluation in the State of Washington: SR 270 highway pavement performance report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, J. P.; Terrel, R. L.; Cook, J. C.

    1982-11-01

    The placement and performance of sulfur extended asphalt (SEA) paving mixtures at a highway test site (SR 270) near Pullman, Washington is summarized. The mixture and structural designs and construction details are included. This is followed by a discussion of the data collection and analysis accomplished over a three year evaluation period (1979-1982). A major experimental feature of the study was the use of 0.100 (conventional asphalt concrete), 30/70 and 40/60 SEA binder ratios (sulfur/asphalt ratios are expressed as weight percents in the experimental paving mixtures.

  2. Respirable crystalline silica exposures during asphalt pavement milling at eleven highway construction sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammond, Duane R; Shulman, Stanley A; Echt, Alan S

    2016-07-01

    Asphalt pavement milling machines use a rotating cutter drum to remove the deteriorated road surface for recycling. The removal of the road surface has the potential to release respirable crystalline silica, to which workers can be exposed. This article describes an evaluation of respirable crystalline silica exposures to the operator and ground worker from two different half-lane and larger asphalt pavement milling machines that had ventilation dust controls and water-sprays designed and installed by the manufacturers. Manufacturer A completed milling for 11 days at 4 highway construction sites in Wisconsin, and Manufacturer B completed milling for 10 days at 7 highway construction sites in Indiana. To evaluate the dust controls, full-shift personal breathing zone air samples were collected from an operator and ground worker during the course of normal employee work activities of asphalt pavement milling at 11 different sites. Forty-two personal breathing zone air samples were collected over 21 days (sampling on an operator and ground worker each day). All samples were below 50 µg/m(3) for respirable crystalline silica, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommended exposure limit. The geometric mean personal breathing zone air sample was 6.2 µg/m(3) for the operator and 6.1 µg/m(3) for the ground worker for the Manufacturer A milling machine. The geometric mean personal breathing zone air sample was 4.2 µg/m(3) for the operator and 9.0 µg/m(3) for the ground worker for the Manufacturer B milling machine. In addition, upper 95% confidence limits for the mean exposure for each occupation were well below 50 µg/m(3) for both studies. The silica content in the bulk asphalt material being milled ranged from 7-23% silica for roads milled by Manufacturer A and from 5-12% silica for roads milled by Manufacturer B. The results indicate that engineering controls consisting of ventilation controls in combination with water-sprays are

  3. Effects of Asphalt Mix Design Properties on Pavement Performance: A Mechanistic Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad M. Abu Abdo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study was to investigate the effects of hot mix asphalt material properties on the performance of flexible pavements via mechanistic approach. 3D Move Analysis software was utilized to determine rutting and cracking distresses in an asphalt concrete (AC layer. Fourteen different Superpave mixes were evaluated by utilizing results of the Dynamic Modulus (|E⁎| Test and the Dynamic Shear Modulus (|G⁎| Test. Results showed that with the increase of binder content, the tendency of rutting in AC layer increased. However, with the increase of binder content, the cracking of AC layer lessened. Furthermore, when different binder grades were evaluated, results showed that with the increase of the upper binder grade number, rutting decreased, and with the increase of the lower binder grade number, rutting increased. Furthermore, analysis showed that with the increase of the lower binder grade number, higher percent of bottom up cracks would result. As a result of the analysis, binder grade should not be solely considered for cracking in AC layer; binder content and aggregate structure play a big role. Finally, results illustrated that the mechanistic approach is a better tool to determine the performance of asphalt pavement than commonly used methods.

  4. Assessment of the aging level of rejuvenated hot mixed asphalt concrete pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGovern, Megan; Buttlar, William G.; Reis, Henrique

    2016-04-01

    The efficacy of asphalt rejuvenator on restoring the properties of oxidatively aged asphalt was tested via a non-collinear ultrasonic subsurface wave mixing technique modified for field use. Longitudinal transducers were mounted on angle wedges to generate subsurface dilatational waves to allow for pavement evaluation when there is only access to one side. Because in the field the asphalt concrete (AC) pavement properties (i.e., ultrasonic velocities and attenuations) are unknown, a pre-determined fixed incident angle (based on the AC mixture type) was used, which allows for practical implementation in the field. Oxidative aged AC specimens were coated with rejuvenator (10% by weight of the binder) and left to dwell for varying amounts of time. Once the dwell time reached the desired amount, the specimen was immediately ultrasonically tested. The frequency ratio, f2/f1, at which the interaction took place and the normalized nonlinear wave generation parameter, β/β0, were recorded and compared against a reference plot. It was observed that the rejuvenator had the effect of restoring the nonlinear properties to those corresponding to a virgin sample after a sufficient amount of dwell time. The ability of the rejuvenator to fully penetrate and act on the binder was observed to be dependent on the porosity and aggregate structure, and thus varied for each specimen. As a result, some portions of the binder were restored to a greater extent than others. This non-uniform nature was captured via the nonlinear ultrasonic technique.

  5. On the Conservation and Recycled Asphalt Pavement%论沥青路面的养护与再生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩建忠

    2014-01-01

    简要论述了沥青路面养护和再生的方法,并介绍了国内外沥青路面的养护和再生情况,以期为相关单位提供较为全面的参考。%This paper discusses the asphalt pavement maintenance and regeneration methods, and describes the conservation and regeneration of asphalt pavement at home and abroad, in order to provide a more comprehensive reference for relevant units.

  6. INFLUENCE OF WAVE RADIATION OF ROAD ASPHALT PAVEMENT ON LEVEL AND FREQUENCY OF SPECTRUM NOISE OF AUTOMOBILE TYRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Peregon

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Experimental researches on indication of noise of an automobile tire, spectral characteristics of tyres noise and asphalt coverings at vehicle’s traction are carried out. It has been revealed that wave radiations of the road asphalt pavement do not influence on the level and frequency of the noise spectrum of an automobile tyre. The technique of the experimental researches has been carried out and presented.

  7. Performance Evaluation of Crumb Rubber Modified Stone Mastic Asphalt Pavement in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuha Salim Mashaan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available To prevent pavement distresses there are various solutions such as adopting new mix designs or utilisation of asphalt additives. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effect of adding crumb tyre rubber as an additive to SMA mixture performance properties. This study investigated the essential aspects of modified asphalt mixtures in order to better understand the influence of CRM modifiers on volumetric, mechanical, and stiffness properties of SMA mixture. In this study, virgin bitumen 80/100 penetration grade was used, modified with crumb rubber (CRM at five different modification levels, namely, 6%, 12%, 16%, and 20%, respectively, by weight of the bitumen. The appropriate amount of the added CRM was found to be 12% by weight of bitumen. This percentage results in the maximum level of stability. The resilient modulus (Mr of modified SMA samples including different percentages of CRM was obviously higher in comparison with that of unmodified samples.

  8. 柔性基层和半刚性基层沥青路面有限元对比分析%Finite Element Comparative Analysis for Asphalt Pavement with Flexible Base Course and Semi-rigid Base Course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鹏飞; 杨刚; 梁乃兴

    2013-01-01

    Based on graded gravel bearing plate test this paper establishes formulae of constitutive model of nonlinear bearing capacity of base course materials of graded gravel and builds planar model of typical structure of asphalt pavement with flexible base course by means of ANSYS universal finite element software.The paper analyzes structural stress of asphalt pavement with aggregate base course and semirigid base course,including propagation laws of stress and strain of asphalt pavement with flexible base course under different stress conditions and propagation differences of stress and strain from asphalt pavement with semi-rigid base course.%通过级配碎石承载板试验建立级配碎石基层材料的非线性承载力本构模型公式,利用ANSYS通用有限元软件建立柔性基层沥青路面典型结构平面模型.对粒料基层沥青路面和半刚性基层沥青路面结构受力进行分析,包括柔性基层沥青路面在不同受力条件下应力、应变的传播规律以及与半刚性基层沥青路面之间的应力、应变传播差异.

  9. 浅谈沥青路面再生技术的研究与应用%Research and Application of Regeneration Technique of Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢长生

    2014-01-01

    This article embarks from the asphalt pavement regeneration significance, analyzes the present situation of asphalt pavement regeneration, and the research and application of the regeneration technology of asphalt pavement are discussed in detail.%本文从沥青路面再生的意义出发,分析了沥青路面再生的现状,并且针对沥青路面再生技术的研究与应用进行详细探讨。

  10. 沥青面层的疲劳等效温度%Fatigue Equivalent Temperature for Asphalt Pavements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谈至明; 吁新华

    2013-01-01

    The relationship between the fatigue life of an asphalt pavement and its average temperature, temperature gradients was discussed. Based on the equivalency principal of cumulative fatigue damage, a method for calculating the fatigue equivalent temperature for asphalt pavement was put forward, with reference to the pavement temperature field data collected from 95 regions of China over the years, the corresponding fatigue equivalent temperatures were calculated and analyzed, the correlation between the standard fatigue equivalent temperature and the altitude of asphalt pavement located, the characteristic asphalt pavement temperature (pavement surface average temperature over years and its standard deviation ) were summarized. Hence, the standard fatigue equivalent temperatures for asphalt pavements in 738 regions of China were calculated, for design purpose, a contour map of the standard fatigue equivalent temperatures was initially proposed. Moreover, the influences of various factors in the non-standard conditions on the fatigue equivalent temperature for asphalt pavement were analyzed, and a set of approximate formulas were given accordingly. At last, the reliability of the calculation method and corresponding results were validated by a comparative study.%分析了沥青面层疲劳寿命与面层温度的均值和梯度的相互关系.基于疲劳损伤等效原则,给出了沥青路面面层疲劳等效温度的计算方法.根据全国95个地区多年的路面温度场数据,对沥青面层疲劳等效温度进行了计算和分析,总结了沥青面层基准疲劳等效温度与地区海拔、路表温度特征值(多年路表温度均值和标准差)之间的回归关系,据此推算得到了全国738个地区的沥青面层基准疲劳等效温度值,并绘制了可供设计采用的全国沥青面层基准疲劳等效温度等值线图,归纳了非基准条件下各因素对沥青面层疲劳等效温度的影响规律,给出了各因素修正计算

  11. 分析沥青路面的再生利用%Analysis of the Recycled Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭杨武

    2013-01-01

    This article mainly analyzes the application status of old asphalt pavement recycling and elaborates the principl-e, then makes some discussion on the asphalt recycling techno-logy to provide some asphalt pavement recycling worth learn-ing approaches for the sake of our country.%本文主要分析了旧沥青路面再生的应用现状,并且阐述了沥青路面再生的原理,从而对沥青再生技术进行了一些讨论,为求给我国的沥青路面再生提供一些值得借鉴的方法。

  12. Effects of asphalt rejuvenator on thermal and mechanical properties on oxidized hot mixed asphalt pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farace, Nicholas A.; Buttlar, William G.; Reis, Henrique

    2016-04-01

    The utilization of asphalt rejuvenator, and its effectiveness for restoring thermal and mechanical properties was investigated via Disk-shaped Compact Tension (DC(T)) and acoustic emission (AE) testing for determining mechanical properties and embrittlement temperatures of the mixtures. During the DC(T) testing the fracture energies and peak loads were used to measure the resistance of the rejuvenated asphalt to low temperature cracking. The AE testing monitored the acoustic emission activity while the specimens were cooled from room temperature to -40 °C to estimate the temperature at which thermal cracking began (i.e. the embrittlement temperature). First, a baseline response was obtained by obtaining the mechanical and thermal response of virgin HMA samples and HMA samples that had been exposed to oxidative aging for 36 hours at 135°C. The results showed the virgin samples had much higher peak loads and fracture energies than the 36 hours aged samples. Acoustic Emission showed similar results with the virgin samples having embrittlement temperatures 10 °C cooler than the 36 hours aged specimens. Then, overaged for 36 hours specimens were treated different amounts of rejuvenator (10%, 15%, and 20% by weight of binder content) and left to dwell for increased amount of time periods varying from one to eight weeks. It was observed that the AE results showed an improvement of embrittlement temperature with increasing with the dwell times. The 8 weeks specimens had cooler embrittlement temperatures than the virgin specimens. Finally, the low temperature effects on fracture energy and peak load of the rejuvenated asphalt was investigated. Rejuvenator was applied (10% by weight of binder) to specimens aged 36 hours at 135 °C, and the dwell time was varied from 1 to 4 weeks. The results showed that the peak loads were restored to levels of the virgin specimens, and the fracture energies improved to levels beyond that of the virgin specimens. The results also showed a

  13. Discussion on pavement preventive maintenance technology of asphalt pavement%沥青路面预防性养护技术探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡逢新; 孙奕; 陈培松

    2014-01-01

    Based on analyzing the importance of preventive maintenance concept of asphalt pavement,this paper put forward the methods and steps of preventive maintenance plan selection of asphalt pavement,including preventive maintenance sections divided,preventive maintenance measures selection and preventive maintenance time determination,provided reference for preventive maintenance of asphalt pavement for high-way maintenance management department.%在分析沥青路面预防性养护理念及重要性的基础上,提出了沥青路面预防性养护方案选择的方法和步骤,包括预防性养护路段划分、预防性养护措施选择和预防性养护时机确定,为高速公路养护管理部门进行沥青路面预防性养护提供了参考。

  14. 沥青路面流变产生车辙的原因分析%Reasons for Rut Caused by Asphalt Pavement Rheology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜允庆

    2013-01-01

      流变[rheology]指材料的应力、应变随时间变化而变化的现象。沥青路面[asphalt pavement]指在基层上铺筑以沥青为胶凝材料的混合料经压实成型的路面。车辙是目前沥青路面最常见的病害之一。本文重点介绍了沥青路面流变而引起车辙的原因及影响。%Rheology means the changes of material stress and strain with time. Asphalt pavement means the compacted mixture with asphalt as binding material. The rut is the common disease of asphalt pavement. The paper focuses on the cause of the asphalt pavement rheology and produce ruts and influence.

  15. Pavement performance of asphalt mixtures containing silica%硅石沥青混合料的路用性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭乃胜; 王聪; 赵颖华

    2014-01-01

    The boiling water test was used to investigate adhe-siveness between silica and asphalt with different contents of hydrated lime added .Based upon the design theory of graded anti-skidding asphalt mixtures , the coarse aggregates retained on the 4.75 mm sieve were adopted for silica , fine aggregates passing the 4.75 mm sieve and filler were utilized for lime-stone.Marshall design method was performed to determine gradation composition design of asphalt mixtures containing silica, and the experimental section of asphalt pavement con-taining silica was chosen for construction with tracking detec-tion at a typical region .Results show that adhesiveness be-tween silica and asphalt can be improved by the addition of hydrated lime at 2% by the weight of asphalt , and the per-formance test results of asphalt mixtures containing silica with 2% hydrated lime added can meet the requirements of the technical specifications ( JTG F40-2004 ) , especially that presents favorable moisture susceptibility .The experimental pavement conditions display an appreciable usage .The tex-ture depth and British pendulum numbers of experimental pavement is higher than that of common asphalt pavement at the same route.Moreover, the texture depth and British pen-dulum numbers along with increasing time exhibit lower de-crease than that of common asphalt pavement in terms of tracking detection results .This means silica, as a kind of acid aggregate , may be used in the highway asphalt pavement by using appropriate gradations composition design and anti-stripping agent , which can improve the skidding resistance of asphalt pavement .%采用水煮法分析添加不同掺量消石灰的硅石与沥青的黏附性.根据级配型抗滑沥青混合料设计理论,筛孔4.75 mm以上的粗集料采用硅石,4.75 mm以下的集料采用石灰岩.基于马歇尔设计法进行硅石沥青混合料配合比设计及路用性能检验,并选择具有代表性路段进行硅石沥青路面

  16. Research on Structure Combination of Long Life Asphalt Pavement%长寿命沥青路面结构组合分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高曙光; 武庆锋

    2012-01-01

    The paper advanced 3 indexes for the design of long life asphalt pavements: maximal tension strain at the bottom of asphalt pavement, maximal compression strain at the top of subgrade and rutting depth of asphalt pavements. Afterwards, it analyzed 5 long We asphalt pavement structures, including long life asphalt pavements with flexible base and long life asphalt pavements with semi-rigid base, and real parameters were used in the analysis. Finally, checking computations of the design indexes were done based on the results. The analysis indicated that, the location of maximum tension strain of long life asphalt pavements with semi-rigid base is near the top of asphalt pavement, but the location of maximum tension strain of long life asphalt pavements with flexible base is at the bottom of asphalt pavement; and the shear stress distribution is also different in the 2 kinds of pavements.%提出了寿命沥青路面的设计指标:沥青层底最大拉应变、土基顶面最大压应变及考虑路面抗剪能力的路面结构车辙深度;同时采用三维有限元方法对半刚性基层及柔性基层两种形式的长寿路面结构进行分析,分析中材料参数采用路面各结构层的实测结构模量,最后根据力学分析结果对拟定结构的设计指标进行验算.分析结果表明,半刚性基层长寿路面最大拉应变发生在沥青层硕面附近,而柔性基层路面最大拉应变出现在沥青层底面,剪应力在两种形式长寿路面中的分布形式也有很大差别.

  17. Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and azaarenes in runoff from coal-tar- and asphalt-sealcoated pavement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coal-tar-based sealcoat, used extensively on parking lots and driveways in North America, is a potent source of PAHs. We investigated how concentrations and assemblages of PAHs and azaarenes in runoff from pavement newly sealed with coal-tar-based (CT) or asphalt-based (AS) sealcoat changed over time. Samples of simulated runoff were collected from pavement 5 h to 111 d following application of AS or CT sealcoat. Concentrations of the sum of 16 PAHs (median concentrations of 328 and 35 μg/L for CT and AS runoff, respectively) in runoff varied relatively little, but rapid decreases in concentrations of azaarenes and low molecular weight PAHs were offset by increases in high molecular weight PAHs. The results demonstrate that runoff from CT-sealcoated pavement, in particular, continues to contain elevated concentrations of PAHs long after a 24-h curing time, with implications for the fate, transport, and ecotoxicological effects of contaminants in runoff from CT-sealcoated pavement. - Highlights: • We compare PAH and azaarene concentrations in runoff from coal-tar- and asphalt-sealed pavement. • Concentrations in coal-tar-sealcoat runoff greatly exceeded those in asphalt-sealcoat runoff. • Decreases in azaarenes and LMW PAHs were offset by increases in HMW PAHs. • PAH concentrations in coal-tar-sealcoat runoff remained high for months after application. - Concentrations of PAHs in runoff from pavement with coal-tar-based sealcoat continue to be elevated for at least 3 months following sealcoat application

  18. Laboratory and field evaluation of hot mix asphalt with high contents of reclaimed asphalt pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Winkle, Clinton Isaac

    Currently in Iowa, the amount of RAP materials allowed for the surface layer is limited to 15% by weight. The objective of this project was to develop quality standards for inclusion of RAP content higher than 15% in asphalt mixtures. To meet Superpave mix design requirements, it was necessary to fractionate the RAP materials. Based on the extensive sieve-by-sieve analysis of RAP materials, the optimum sieve size to fractionate RAP materials was identified. To determine if the higher percentage of RAP materials than 15% can be used in Iowa's state highway, three test sections with 30.0%, 35.5% and 39.2% of RAP materials were constructed on Highway 6 in Iowa City. The construction of the field test sections was monitored and the cores were obtained to measure field densities of test sections. Field mixtures collected from test sections were compacted in the laboratory in order to test the moisture sensitivity using a Hamburg Wheel Tracking Device. The binder was extracted from the field mixtures with varying amounts of RAP materials and tested to determine the effects of RAP materials on the PG grade of a virgin binder. Field cores were taken from the various mix designs to determine the percent density of each test section. A condition survey of the test sections was then performed to evaluate the short-term performance.

  19. 论沥青路面早期损坏的预防措施%Discussion on prevention measures of early damages of asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪香莲

    2011-01-01

    Combining with the present asphalt concrete pavement construction and caused pavement early damages,this paper analysed the reasons and preventive measures of pavement early damages from pavement structure layer,mixing ratio design,raw materials,construction control and other aspects,in order to reduce the early damage of asphalt pavement,prolong the service life of pavement.%结合当前沥青混凝土路面施工及产生的路面早期破坏,从路面结构层、配合比设计、原材料、施工控制等方面分析了路面早期破坏的原因及预防措施,以减少沥青路面早期损坏,延长路面使用寿命。

  20. Utilize Cementitious High Carbon Fly Ash (CHCFA) to Stabilize Cold In-Place Recycled (CIR) Asphalt Pavement as Base Coarse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wen, Haifang; Li, Xiaojun; Edil, Tuncer; O' Donnell, Jonathan; Danda, Swapna

    2011-02-05

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of cementitious high carbon fly ash (CHCFA) stabilized recycled asphalt pavement as a base course material in a real world setting. Three test road cells were built at MnROAD facility in Minnesota. These cells have the same asphalt surface layers, subbases, and subgrades, but three different base courses: conventional crushed aggregates, untreated recycled pavement materials (RPM), and CHCFA stabilized RPM materials. During and after the construction of the three cells, laboratory and field tests were carried out to characterize the material properties. The test results were used in the mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide (MEPDG) to predict the pavement performance. Based on the performance prediction, the life cycle analyses of cost, energy consumption, and greenhouse gasses were performed. The leaching impacts of these three types of base materials were compared. The laboratory and field tests showed that fly ash stabilized RPM had higher modulus than crushed aggregate and RPM did. Based on the MEPDG performance prediction, the service life of the Cell 79 containing fly ash stabilized RPM, is 23.5 years, which is about twice the service life (11 years) of the Cell 77 with RPM base, and about three times the service life (7.5 years) of the Cell 78 with crushed aggregate base. The life cycle analysis indicated that the usage of the fly ash stabilized RPM as the base of the flexible pavement can significantly reduce the life cycle cost, the energy consumption, the greenhouse gases emission. Concentrations of many trace elements, particularly those with relatively low water quality standards, diminish over time as water flows through the pavement profile. For many elements, concentrations below US water drinking water quality standards are attained at the bottom of the pavement profile within 2-4 pore volumes of flow.

  1. 沥青路面冷再生技术在路面维修中的应用%Application of Cold Recycling Technology of Asphalt Pavement in the Pavement Repair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯国龙

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzed several main causes of the damage of asphalt pavement and simply introduced the main techniques of the cold recycling technology of asphalt pave-ment. The author also introduced the concrete applying meth-ods of the cold regeneration technique of asphalt pavement in pavement repair.%本文针对沥青路面出现损坏的几个主要原因进行了分析,简单介绍了沥青路面冷再生技术的主要工艺,并且介绍了沥青路面冷再生技术在路面维修中的具体使用方法。

  2. Influencing Factors and Construction Control of Asphalt Pavement Evenness%沥青路面平整度的影响因素和施工控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴昊

    2012-01-01

    During the construction process of asphalt pavement, phenomena such as unevenness appear con- stantly. The factors that influence asphalt pavement evenness are summarized and relevant measures for improving pavement evenness are proposed.%在沥青路面施工过程中,经常会出现一些不平整的现象,对沥青路面平整度的影响因素进行总结,并提出提高路面平整度的相关措施。

  3. 半刚性基层沥青路面常见病害分析%Analysis of semi-rigid base asphalt pavement diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晗

    2011-01-01

    半刚性基层沥青路面是国内应用最广泛的路面类型。沥青路面受施工水平、路基强度、温度变化、水损害、交通量增长及超限车辆等因素的影响,易出现多种病害。本文分析了沥青路面常见病害及其形成原因,并提出了减少沥青路面病害的预防措施,为沥青路面养护提供决策依据。%Asphalt pavement with semi-rigid base is the most national widely used type of pavement. Subgrade of asphalt pavement many occur many diseases under the influence of construction level, strength, temperature changes, moisture damage, traffic growth and oversize vehicles. This article analyses the common diseases of asphalt pavement and its causes, and suggests reducing asphalt pavement disease prevention measures for asphalt pavement maintenance decision-making basis.

  4. Evaluation of the Pavement Quality Indicator (PQI for the on-site density measurement of asphalt emulsion mixes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez-Echevarría, M. J.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Pavement Quality Indicator (PQI is a non-nuclear gauge used for the on-site density measurement of asphalt pavements without the need to extract core samples. Previous studies of hot asphalt mixes found that PQI density readings were very similar to laboratory density measurements of pavement cores. This paper describes the first stage of a research project whose objective is to analyze PQI density measurements of mixes manufactured with an asphalt emulsion binder. The PQI density variability for such mixes was verified and compared with the results obtained with other on-site methods for measuring pavement density.

    El equipo Pavement Quality Indicator es un dispositivo para la determinación de densidad in situ en pavimentos asfálticos sin extracción de testigos. Las experiencias con este equipo en mezclas bituminosas en caliente, recogidas en diferentes fuentes bibliográficas, muestran que las densidades medidas in situ con el PQI son muy similares a las obtenidas mediante la extracción de testigos. En este artículo se expone la primera etapa de un proyecto de investigación que tiene por objeto analizar los resultados de mediciones efectuadas con PQI en mezclas bituminosas donde se utiliza emulsión asfáltica como ligante. Se comprueba la variabilidad de la densidad obtenida con el equipo para este tipo de mezclas, y se comparan los resultados con otros métodos de medida de densidad in situ.

  5. 钢桥面沥青铺装层设计要点分析%Analysis of the Notes about Design of the Steel Bridge Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      本文根据笔者多年的工作经验,从钢桥面沥青铺装设计的技术要求、桥面沥青铺层的结构和大跨径钢桥面沥青铺装三个方面,探讨了钢桥面沥青铺装层的设计要点。%In this article bases on years of work experience, discusses the design points of steel bridge asphalt pavement fr-om three aspects of the technical requirements of steel bridge asphalt pavement design, the structure of bridge asphalt over-lay and the large span steel bridge asphalt pavement.

  6. Measurements of the Stiffness and Thickness of the Pavement Asphalt Layer Using the Enhanced Resonance Search Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Mustakiza Zakaria

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Enhanced resonance search (ERS is a nondestructive testing method that has been created to evaluate the quality of a pavement by means of a special instrument called the pavement integrity scanner (PiScanner. This technique can be used to assess the thickness of the road pavement structure and the profile of shear wave velocity by using the principle of surface wave and body wave propagation. In this study, the ERS technique was used to determine the actual thickness of the asphaltic pavement surface layer, while the shear wave velocities obtained were used to determine its dynamic elastic modulus. A total of fifteen locations were identified and the results were then compared with the specifications of the Malaysian PWD, MDD UKM, and IKRAM. It was found that the value of the elastic modulus of materials is between 3929 MPa and 17726 MPa. A comparison of the average thickness of the samples with the design thickness of MDD UKM showed a difference of 20 to 60%. Thickness of the asphalt surface layer followed the specifications of Malaysian PWD and MDD UKM, while some of the values of stiffness obtained are higher than the standard.

  7. Test of Microstructur Permeable Asphalt Pavement Used Domato Stone (Quarsite Dolomite As Course Agregate for Surface Layer of Road Pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firdaus Chairuddin

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The experiment works was dividing into two phases, for phase one was developed to investigate the properties of aggregates and straight asphalt qualities. The experiment work for phase two was developed to design the porous asphalt mix. In this phase Japan’s method and Binamarga’s method was used to define optimum asphalt content. In this phase, has result cantabro loss weight 77.10 for asphalt quality 3% and loss weight 9.70 for asphalt quality 5%. asphalt flow down, air void and density values. The experiment work for phase two was developed to investigate the qualities of porous asphalt. In this phase, wheel tracking machine test was used to investigate the dynamic stability of mixes.

  8. A study of sound absorption by street canyon boundaries and asphalt rubber concrete pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drysdale, Graeme Robert

    A sound field model, based on a classical diffusion equation, is extended to account for sound absorption in a diffusion parameter used to model sound energy in a narrow street canyon. The model accounts for a single sound absorption coefficient, separate accommodation coefficients and a combination of separate absorption and accommodation coefficients from parallel canyon walls. The new expressions are compared to the original formula through numerical simulations to reveal the effect of absorption on sound diffusion. The newly established analytical formulae demonstrate satisfactory agreement with their predecessor under perfect reflection. As well, the influence of the extended diffusion parameter on normalized sound pressure levels in a narrow street canyon is in agreement with experimental data. The diffusion parameters are used to model sound energy density in a street canyon as a function of the sound absorption coefficient of the street canyon walls. The acoustic and material properties of conventional and asphalt rubber concrete (ARC) pavement are also studied to assess how the crumb rubber content influences sound absorption in street canyons. The porosity and absolute permeability of compacted specimens of asphalt rubber concrete are measured and compared to their normal and random incidence sound absorption coefficients as a function of crumb rubber content in the modified binder. Nonlinear trends are found between the sound absorption coefficients, porosity and absolute permeability of the compacted specimens and the percentage of crumb rubber in the modified binders. The cross-sectional areas of the air voids on the surfaces of the compacted specimens are measured using digital image processing techniques and a linear relationship is obtained between the average void area and crumb rubber content. The measured material properties are used to construct an empirical formula relating the average porosity, normal incidence noise reduction coefficients and

  9. The Principle and Application of Asphalt Pavement Regeneration Technology%沥青路面再生技术的原理与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘福军

    2014-01-01

    Asphalt pavement regeneration technology is a new technology to comprehensive repair and regeneration on the asphalt pavement by using a variety of equipments, process and technologies, so as to improve the stability of the asphalt pavement and prolong the service life of the road. In this paper, the author briefly analyzes the principle of asphalt pavement regeneration technology and discusses the application of as-phalt pavement regeneration technology.%沥青路面再生技术是利用多种设备、工艺及技术,对沥青路面进行全面修复和再生,从而提高沥青路面稳定性,延长公路使用寿命的新型技术。本文对沥青路面再生技术的原理进行简单分析,探讨沥青路面再生技术的应用。

  10. Simulation Study of Rainwater Infiltration on Permeable Asphalt Pavement%透水性沥青路面雨水入渗模拟研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄小兰; 熊俊; 黄敏; 喻超

    2011-01-01

    Permeable asphalt pavement becomes the important trend of pavement development due to its many advantages such as rapid drainage,skid resistance,rain mist reduction,reflection reduction and noise reduction.In this paper,the paving characteristics of permeable asphalt pavement are discussed.Based on the structural characteristics of permeable asphalt pavement applied in Japan,water head distribution for permeable asphalt pavement and common dense-graded asphalt pavement under rainfall are separately analyzed through numerical simulation,and thus the drainage ability of permeable asphalt pavement under strong rainfall is studied.%透水性沥青路面由于具有迅速排水、抗滑、降低雨天水雾、减少雨后反光、降低噪声等许多优点,而成为道路路面发展的重要方向。讨论了透水性沥青路面在铺装结构上的特点,并基于日本使用的透水性沥青路面结构特征,通过数值模拟,对比分析了降雨条件下透水性沥青路面与普通密级配沥青路面的水头分布变化情况,研究了透水性沥青路面在强降雨期的排水性能。

  11. Evaluation on High-temperature Adhesion Performance of Hot-applied Sealant for Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Feng; LI Tinggang; SHI Xiaopei

    2014-01-01

    In order to investigate the high-temperature performances of the asphalt pavement hot-applied sealant, as well as to reduce failures of the sealant pullout, the softening point test and the flow test (two existing methods for evaluating high-temperature performances) were conducted. It was found that both tests could not accurately reflect the adhesion performances of the sealant at high temperatures. For this purpose, the adhesion test for PSAT (pressure sensitive adhesive tape) has been taken as a reference to develop a device that is suitable for evaluating the adhesion performances, by modifying relevant test parameters according to the road conditions at high temperatures. Thirteen common sealants were tested in the modified adhesion test, softening point test and flow test. The experimental results show that no significant correlation (p>0.05) exists between the adhesion value, softening point, adhesion value and flow value;while a significant correlation (p<0.05) exists between the softening point and flow value. The modified adhesion test is efficient in distinguishing the high-temperature adhesion performances of different sealants, and can be used as a standard method for evaluating such performances.

  12. The Construction Technology of Asphalt Concrete Pavement Joints%浅议沥青混凝土路面接缝施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Along with the pavement construction technology continues to improve, asphalt concrete pavement has become the current preferred highway bridge pavement. And the pave-ment joint is an important link in the construction of asphalt pavement, and its construction quality directly affects the app-earance and performance of pavement. This paper briefly desc-rybes and analyzes the joint construction technique in asphalt pavement construction.%  随着路面施工技术的不断提高,沥青混凝土路面已成为当前公路道桥工程路面的首选。而路面接缝是沥青路面施工中的重要环节,其施工质量的好坏直接影响着路面的外观及其工作性能。本文针对沥青路面施工中的接缝施工技术方法进行了简要阐述和分析。

  13. Study on Drainage Pavement Performance Using Different Modified Asphalts%不同改性沥青排水路面性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范静; 魏连雨; 孟庆营

    2011-01-01

    为了了解不同排水路面改性沥青添加剂的路用性能,比较分析了添加日本的TPS改性沥青添加剂和国产的SinoTPS改性沥青添加剂的沥青混合料性能,并与SBS改性沥青进行对比分析。研究表明,这三种改性沥青混合料均满足排水路面的要求,但SinoTPS沥青混合料的性能和经济效益更适合我国发展高等级公路的要求。%In order to know the pavement performance of different modified asphalt additives for drainage pavement, the performance of asphalt mixing Japanese TPS modified asphalt additive and domestic SinoTPS modified asphalt additive are separately analyzed, and then compared to SBS modified asphalt. The results showed that these three modified asphalt mixtures can satisfy the requirement of drainage pavement, but the performance and economic benefit of SinoTPS asphalt mixture are more suitable for China's highway development.

  14. 路面降噪沥青混合料的技术研究%Technology research on road pavement noise reduction asphalt mixture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王知乐; 解建光

    2013-01-01

    Noise reduction asphalt mixture is prepared by preparing high viscosity modified asphalt and studying on the mix proportion of big air void asphalt mixture. Based on research, the pavement performance of noise reduction asphalt mixture, such as high-temperature stability, low-temperature crack resistance and water stability, can meet technical requirements. Sound absorption performance of noise reduction asphalt mixture is tested by standing wave tube method. The noise reduction effect of noise reduction asphalt pavement is good. Pavement structure with noise reduction asphalt surface layer can meet the strength requirement.%通过配制高黏度改性沥青,研究大空隙率沥青混合料的配合比,制备了降噪沥青混合料.经过试验研究,降噪沥青混合料的高温稳定性、低温抗裂性、水稳定性等路用性能都能达到技术要求;采用驻波管法测试了降噪沥青混合料的吸声性能,结果表明,降噪沥青混合料的吸声性能良好;降噪沥青路面具有良好的降噪效果;采用降噪沥青混合料表层的路面结构能够满足强度要求.

  15. Application of CalME incremental-recursive method to the evaluation of the structural condition as asphalt pavements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CalME procedure represents one of the most advanced tools for the design, of flexible pavements world-wide. IT is an incremental-recursive method, which means that pavements service life must be divided into many time intervals where both structural integrity and environmental conditions can be regarded as constants. It also means that the damage calculated at the end of each interval must be considered as initial condition for the next one. The goal of this type of models is the prediction of the evolution of the different distress mechanisms. The advantages of incremental-recursive procedures versus classical analytical design are shown in this paper. Advantages are shown not only in terms of design, but also as a tool in order to support structural evaluation. In particular, the potential of asphalt fatigue model incorporated in CalME is presented. this model is initially calibrated in the laboratory, and it is then re-calibrated based on the actual performance observed from field deflection testing. The model provides a reliable prediction of the future evolution of the damage of the asphalt mixture. Fatigue model validation has been conducted based on the performance from several flexible sections evaluated in CEDEX full-scale pavements test track. (Author) 14 refs.

  16. 公路沥青路面施工技术及其质量控制%The Construction Technology and Quality Control of Highway Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭显超

    2013-01-01

    由于国内对公路沥青路面施工技术的应用和质量控制的研究起步较晚,因此我国的公路沥青路面施工技术水平依然有待提高。如何实现对公路沥青路面施工质量的有效控制,是相关工程技术人员的重点研究课题。%Due to the relatively late research to the domestic application of highway asphalt pavement construction techno-logy and quality control, Chinese highway asphalt pavement construction technology remains to be improved. How to achi-eve the effective control of highway asphalt pavement constru-ction quality is the key research topic of the related engineer-ing and technical personnel.

  17. 道路工程沥青路面施工质量控制措施%The Construction Quality Control Measures of Road Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨国清

    2014-01-01

    With the development of modern traffic as wel as urban and rural road project, the asphalt pavement widely used in urban and rural road construction project because of the as-phalt pavement has laid the simple and easy maintenance, and many other advantages. Unreasonable engineering constructi-on and management leads to hard to guarantee the quality of as-phalt pavement.%随着现代交通及城乡道路工程的发展,由于沥青路面具有铺设简易、维护方便等诸多优点,因此被广泛运用于城乡道路建设工程。不合理工程施工与管理,导致沥青路面质量难以保证。

  18. 高速公路施工中沥青路面平整度的控制技术%Asphalt pavement evenness controlling technology in highway construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀云

    2014-01-01

    分析了影响高速公路沥青路面平整度的因素,从公路基层施工与路面施工两方面探讨了高速公路沥青路面平整度的控制技术,以有效提升公路路面的质量,保障行驶的舒适性。%The article analyzes factors influencing asphalt highway pavement evenness,and explores asphalt pavement evenness controlling tech-nology from two aspects of highway subgrade and pavement construction,with a view to effectively improve highway pavement quality and guaran-tee driving comfortable.

  19. 橡胶沥青混凝土路面施工技术研究%Research on construction technology of rubber asphalt concrete pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霞

    2015-01-01

    对传统路面与橡胶混凝土路面的性价比进行了分析比较,介绍了橡胶沥青混凝土路面的特点,并对其在工程中的应用技术进行了阐述,指出橡胶沥青混凝土路面具有显著的经济、社会、环境效益,应用前景广阔。%This paper analyzed and compared the cost performance of traditional pavement and rubber concrete pavement, introduced the charac-teristics of rubber asphalt concrete pavement, and elaborated its application technology in engineering, pointed out that the rubber asphalt con-crete pavement had significant economic, social, environmental benefits, had wide application prospect.

  20. The application research of new asphalt pavement structures in China%新型沥青路面结构在我国的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军霞

    2014-01-01

    This paper summarized and analyzed the existing problems of flexible base,composite base asphalt pavement structure in highway con-struction application,researched the technical measures to strengthen the new asphalt pavement structure performance,and discussed the low noise asphalt pavement,asphalt concrete cover surface technology,waterproof layer technology and other new technology,so as to enhance the use per-formance of asphalt pavement.%对柔性基层、组合式基层沥青路面结构在公路建设应用中存在的问题进行了总结分析,研究了加强新型沥青路面结构性能的技术措施,并对低噪声沥青路面、沥青混凝土罩面技术、防水层技术等新型技术作了论述,以不断提高沥青路面的使用性能。

  1. THE EFFECT OF FLOOD CAUSED BY CLIMATE CHANGE TO POROUS ASPHALT PAVEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Firdaus Chairuddin*, Wihardi Tjaronge

    2016-01-01

    The test Indirect Tensile Strength for asphalt quality 3%, 4%, 5% are 0.0673, 0.325, 0.2370 subsequently. Cantabro test, loss weight for asphalt quality 3%, 4%, 5% are 77.10, 14.56, 9.70 subsequently. Coefficient vertical test  permeability 0.1795  for asphalt  3%,  0.2029 for asphalt  4%, and 0.1596 for asphalt 5%, Unconfined Compressive Strength, Modulus elasticity 146.543 and ratio poisson 0.095831 for asphalt 3%, Modulus elasticity 91.450 and Ratio poisson 0.20600...

  2. Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and azaarenes in runoff from coal-tar- and asphalt-sealcoated pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahler, Barbara J.; Van Metre, Peter C.; Foreman, William T.

    2014-01-01

    Coal-tar-based sealcoat, used extensively on parking lots and driveways in North America, is a potent source of PAHs. We investigated how concentrations and assemblages of PAHs and azaarenes in runoff from pavement newly sealed with coal-tar-based (CT) or asphalt-based (AS) sealcoat changed over time. Samples of simulated runoff were collected from pavement 5 h to 111 d following application of AS or CT sealcoat. Concentrations of the sum of 16 PAHs (median concentrations of 328 and 35 μg/L for CT and AS runoff, respectively) in runoff varied relatively little, but rapid decreases in concentrations of azaarenes and low molecular weight PAHs were offset by increases in high molecular weight PAHs. The results demonstrate that runoff from CT-sealcoated pavement, in particular, continues to contain elevated concentrations of PAHs long after a 24-h curing time, with implications for the fate, transport, and ecotoxicological effects of contaminants in runoff from CT-sealcoated pavement.

  3. Sulfur extended asphalt pavement evaluation in the State of Washington: Executive summary of SR270 highway pavement performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, J. P.

    1982-11-01

    This executive summary overviews the placement and performance of sulfur extended asphalt (SEA) paving mixtures at a highway test site (SR 270) near Pullman, Washington. This summary is the sixth and last report of this study.

  4. Analysis on classification and application of asphalt pavement recycling technology%沥青路面再生技术的分类及应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇

    2015-01-01

    结合我国路面快速恶化的现状,阐述了沥青路面材料循环利用的意义,并对沥青路面再生技术进行了分析,着重研究了不同类别的沥青路面再生技术的优缺点及其适用范围,以合理选用路面材料循环利用技术,形成可靠耐久、经济合理的路面再生设计方案。%Combining with domestic pavement rapidly deteriorating conditions,the thesis describes the meaning for asphalt pavement material re-cycling and utilization,analyzes asphalt pavement recycling technology,mainly studies advantages and disadvantages and application scope of dif-ferent asphalt pavement recycling technology,with a view to rationally select pavement material recycling technology and form durable and eco-nomic pavement recycling design scheme.

  5. Key Technology of Asphalt Pavement Hot-In-Place Recycling%沥青路面就地热再生关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游新宇

    2014-01-01

    沥青路面就地热再生技术已成为沥青路面维修改造的主要方法之一。以就地热再生技术为研究对象,结合室内试验与实际工程,对原路面调查与评价、回收沥青以及再生剂的选择、新旧沥青的掺配性能试验、马歇尔配合比的设计等关键技术进行了研究,所得研究成果可有效指导沥青路面就地热再生技术的应用。%The hot-in-place recycling technology of asphalt pavement has been one of the main methods for asphalt pavement reconstruction. Taken the hot-in-place recycling technology as the research ob-ject, the article studies the key technologies such as the survey and evaluation of the original road, as-phalt recovery and regeneration agent selection, the old and new asphalt mixing performance test, Mar-shall asphalt mixture design, and so on. Combined with laboratory tests and practical projects,the results can guide the hot-in-place recycling technology application of asphalt pavement effectively.

  6. Comparison of Surface Characteristics of Hot-Mix Asphalt Pavement Surfaces at the Virginia Smart Road

    OpenAIRE

    Davis, Robin Michelle

    2001-01-01

    Pavement surface characteristics are important to both the safety of the pavement surface and the comfort of the drivers. As of yet, texture and friction measurements have not been incorporated into the design of pavement surfaces. Seven different wearing surface mixtures, placed at the Virginia Smart Road pavement facility, were studied over a one year time period for both friction and texture properties. A locked wheel skid trailer and a laser profilometer were used to assess the pavemen...

  7. Analysis of Factors Influencing the Asphalt Concrete Pavement Compactness%沥青混凝土路面压实度的影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彩妹

    2013-01-01

    Compactness is an important step in the construc-tion of asphalt concrete pavement compaction, it can not only ensure the pavement, improve pavement compaction smoot-hness, is also very ef ective for the lower porosity, and can effectively improve the pavement friction, has significant eff-ect on resistance against stress and crack resistance, so stud-ying on the science compaction of asphalt concrete pavement, analyzing the factors affecting the compaction degree of the concrete pavement, control ing these factors, can ef ectively improve the quality of pavement.%沥青混凝土路面施工重要的一个步骤是压实,它不但能确保路面的密实、提升路面的平整度,对降低空隙率也是非常有效果的。而且能有效提升路面摩擦力,对抵抗自然侵害力以及抗裂能力有显著的作用。所以只有研究科学的沥青混凝土路面压实,分析影响混凝土路面压实度的因素,控制好这些因素,才能有效地提高路面的质量。

  8. Influence of limestone fillers on combustion characteristics of asphalt mortar for pavements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ke, Wu; Kai, Zhu; Wu, Hao;

    2014-01-01

    Asphalt materials will be ignited and release significant toxic fumes within tunnel fires. Thus, combustion characteristics of asphalt materials used in road tunnel should be studied in order to limit such an adverse effect. In the present work we study the influence of limestone fillers on combu......Asphalt materials will be ignited and release significant toxic fumes within tunnel fires. Thus, combustion characteristics of asphalt materials used in road tunnel should be studied in order to limit such an adverse effect. In the present work we study the influence of limestone fillers...... on combustion characteristics of asphalt mortar by thermogravimetric and kinetic analysis. It is shown that the combustion of asphalt mortar is not just a linear superposition of asphalt and limestone. The limestone will increase the ignition point and the activation energy of the primary volatile release...... the assumption of random nucleation and nuclei growth, whereas the limestone decomposition stage appears to follow the one-dimensional phase boundary model....

  9. Discussion on maintenance of asphalt concrete pavement in the rural highway%论农村公路沥青混凝土路面养护方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹海洋

    2013-01-01

    Asphalt concrete pavement with many excellent properties is widely used in road construction.But the asphalt concrete pavement in the use of the process will still exist all kinds of diseases,these diseases will have a very negative impact on the road quality and traffic safety.This paper expounds the importance of rural highway maintenance,then introduces the diseases and causes of asphalt concrete pavement,at last puts forward maintenance measures of asphalt concrete pavement of rural highway.%沥青混凝土路面具备很多优良的性能,在道路建设中应用非常广泛。但是沥青混凝土路面在使用过程中,还是会存在各种各样的病害,这些病害对公路质量水平和行车安全会产生十分不利的影响。文章阐述了农村公路养护的重要性,介绍了沥青混凝土路面的病害和成因,并提出了农村公路沥青混凝土路面养护措施。

  10. 浅谈高速公路沥青路面病害成因及防治措施%Causes of Expressway Asphalt Pavement Diseases and Prevention Measures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯利荣

    2014-01-01

    For the problems of asphalt pavement diseases after the opening of highway, this paper analyses the causes of asphalt pavement diseases, and proposes the preventive measures for diseases of expressway asphalt pavement.%针对高速公路通车后,沥青路面出现的病害类型,提出沥青路面病害成因,阐述高速公路沥青路面病害的防治措施。

  11. Analysis of Maximum Shear Stress of Asphalt Pavement%沥青路面最大剪应力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈光伟; 费国新; 陈荣生

    2012-01-01

    Factors and variation of the maximum shear stress of the typical semi-rigid asphalt pavement and bridge deck pavement in Jiangsu were calculated and analyzed using ABAQUS software. The maximum shear stress distribution was consistent with the semi-rigid asphalt pavement and bridge deck pavement and the maximum shear stress level was close under the level. The maximum shear stress showed a positive correlation with the verticaland horizontal vehicle loads and was significantly affected by the loads. The maximum shear stress decreased as the pavement thickness and modulus increase, and increased as the semi-rigid base thickness and modulus increase, but the increase value was small. Thereby these analysis above would provides an academic basis for solving the rutting problem.%采用ABAQUS软件对典型半刚性基层沥青路面及桥面铺装层中最大剪应力影响因素及变化规律进行了计算与分析。分析表明:半刚性基层沥青路面与水泥混凝土桥面铺装层最大剪应力分布与变化规律基本一致,在相同荷载条件作用下,最大剪应力水平亦接近;最大剪应力与车辆垂直荷载和水平荷载作用呈正比关系,最大剪应力受其影响显著;最大剪应力随着面层或铺装层厚度、模量的增加而相应地变小,随着半刚性基层厚度与模量的增加而变大。以上抗剪影响因素及变化规律的研究为解决车辙问题提供了一定的理论基础。

  12. 公路旧沥青砼路面冷再生施工技术分析%Analysis of Construction Technology of Highway Asphalt Pavement Cold Recycling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房兴华

    2014-01-01

    本文介绍了沥青路面冷再生的技术原理、特点与用途,我国沥青路面冷再生技术的应用现状和趋势,并介绍了其施工技术要点和良好的社会效益。本文的研究可以作为路面施工过程的参考。%This paper introduces the technical principle, char-acteristics and application of asphalt pavement cold regener-ation, application status and trend of the technology of cold recycling of asphalt pavement in our country, and introduces the main points of construction technology and good social benefit. The research of this paper can be used as reference for pavement construction process.

  13. 浅谈高速沥青混凝土路面施工接缝处理%Discuss the Joint Treatment of Highway Asphalt Concrete Pavement Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊琳琳

    2014-01-01

    针对高速沥青混凝土路面施工接缝处理,本文主要探讨了路面施工接缝处理和施工接缝碾压工艺等技术。为了提高高速沥青混凝土路面实施接缝处理技术,需要提出有效的合理的措施。%In view of the joint treatment of highway asphalt concrete pavement construction, this article mainly discusses the technologies of pavement construction joint treatment and construction joint compaction craft. In order to improve the i-mplementation of joint treatment technology in highway asph-alt concrete pavement, people need put forward effective and reasonable measures.

  14. Asphalt Materials Characterization in Support of Implementation of the Proposed Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide

    OpenAIRE

    Flintsch, Gerardo W.; Loulizi, Amara; Stacey D. Diefenderfer; Khaled A. Galal; Diefenderfer, Brian K.

    2007-01-01

    The proposed Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide (MEPDG) procedure is an improved methodology for pavement design and evaluation of paving materials. Since this new procedure depends heavily on the characterization of the fundamental engineering properties of paving materials, a thorough material characterization of mixes used in Virginia is needed to use the MEPDG to design new and rehabilitated flexible pavements. The primary objective of this project was to perform a full hot-mix a...

  15. 三类沥青路面结构力学响应的对比分析%Comparative analysis of mechanical response of three typical asphalt pavement structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申爱琴; 张艳红; 郭寅川; 台电仓; 吴超凡

    2009-01-01

    Semi-rigid asphalt pavement, flexible base asphalt pavement and composite base asphalt pavement are the main structure forms of asphalt pavement at present. The mechanical distribution characteristics are different for different pavement structure forms. Based on the reconstruction project of Beijing-Tianjing-Tangshan expressway, this paper took the Shell Designing Software BISAR 3.0 as calculation tool to get the three-dimensional response results of the three kinds of asphalt pavement, the distributions of main mechanical response variables were compared with each other using the software of Mathlab 7.0. Then a comprehensive analysis was made on the basis of the mechanical response distributions of the three structures. The results show that the every mechanical response degree of composite base asphalt pavement is between the flexible base asphalt pavement and semi-rigid asphalt pavement. The composite base asphalt pavement is in a better mechanical condition compared to flexible base asphalt pavement and semi-rigid asphalt pavement. 8 tabs,16 figs,18 refs.%针对半刚性基层、柔性基层及复合式基层沥青路面的不同力学分布特征,以京津塘高速公路改扩建工程为依托,采用壳牌设计软件BISAR 3.0为计算工具,并用Mathlab 7.0软件将三类沥青路面结构、各主要力学响应量进行三维化处理,并对力学响应分布进行了比较分析.结果表明:从路面整体受力的角度看,复合式基层沥青路面的各项力学响应均介于柔性基层沥青路面及半刚性基层沥青路面之间;复合式基层沥青路面较柔性基层沥青路面及半刚性基层沥青路面有较大的力学优势.

  16. 隧道沥青路面专用养护剂的阻燃性和路用性能研究%Study on Flame Retardance and Pavement Performance of Special Maintenance Agent for Tunnel Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕春飞

    2013-01-01

    In connection with a new flame-retardant maintenance agent for tunnel asphalt pavement, study is carried out to the extent that the flame retardance and the function of aging resistance or slowing are evaluated, and then the effect of the agent on waterproofness and sliding resistance of tunnel asphalt pavement is inspected. The result shows that the maintenance agent can effectively improve the oxygen index of asphalt and, at the premise of the sliding resistance almost not decreased, improve the waterproofness of tunnel asphalt pavement.%对具有阻燃作用的隧道沥青路面专用养护剂进行了研究,对该养护剂的阻燃性和在防止或减缓沥青老化方面的功能进行评价,着重考察其对隧道沥青路面不透水性和抗滑性能的影响.研究结果表明:专用养护剂能有效提高沥青的氧指数,且在几乎不降低抗滑性能的前提下提高隧道沥青路面的不透水性.

  17. Importance Study of Subgrade Engineering Technology on Operational Performance of Asphalt Pavement%路基工程技术对沥青路面使用性能的重要性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟

    2011-01-01

    针对裂缝这种沥青路面病害形式,分析阐述了路基工程技术对沥青路面使用性能和使用寿命的重要性。%On account of asphalt pavement disease like crack,importance of subgrade engineering technology on operational performance and service life of asphalt pavement is analyzed and elaborated.

  18. Study on Hot In-Place Recycling Technology of Asphalt Pavement%沥青路面就地热再生技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐安花; 房建宏

    2015-01-01

    As a kind of regenerative preventative maintenance technology ,hot in -place recycling technolo‐gy of asphalt pavement ,is effective on performance recovery of asphalt pavement .By using this technology ,as‐phalt pavement can be repaired rapidly and continuously .In this paper ,technical principles and attentions of hot in-place recycling technology of asphalt pavement are clarified in terms of suitability ,material design etc ., w hich provides references on the application of hot in -place recycling technology .%沥青路面就地热再生技术是一种可有效恢复沥青路面路用性能的再生型预防性养护技术,可实现沥青路面面层的快速、连续修复。从就地热再生的适应性、再生原理、材料设计等方面阐释了沥青路面就地热再生的技术原理及注意事项,为就地热再生技术的推广应用提供技术借鉴。

  19. BEHAVIOR OF MODEL ASPHALT PAVEMENT CONTAINING A HYDRAULIC, GRADED IRON AND STEEL SLAG BASE-COURSE UNDER REPEATED PLATE-LOADING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Nobuyuki; Sugisako, Yasunari

    In this paper, the dynamic response of asphalt pave ment containing a hydraulic, graded iron and steel slag (hereafter called HMS) base-course under repeated plate-loading was investigated using a model asphalt pavement and the influence of hydraulicity on th e pavement behavior was discussed. The model pavement constructed was a 4-layer system consis ting of a dense-graded asphalt mix surface layer, a dense-graded asphalt mix binder-course, a HMS base-course and a Masado (heavily-weathered granitic sand) subgrade. A repeated plate-loading test was carri ed out so as to achieve a resilient state. It is shown that surface resilient deflection decreases as curing progresses and after 90 days, the deflection becomes almost half of the initial. Large horizontal tensile strains develop at the bottoms of binder- and base-course, which decrease significantly with curing. It is indicative that HMS base-course behaves like a stiffer plate resulting in a hard-to-deflect state due to the development of hydraulicity.

  20. 沥青路面动力响应分析方法研究%Study on Dynamic Response Analysis Method of Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    西部交通建设科技项目“沥青路面动力响应分析方法研究”旨在建立车辆-道路系统动力学模型,研究高速重载车辆荷载作用下沥青路面结构的动力响应情况,分析动力载荷对沥青路面结构使用性能的影响,从而提出适合重载交通条件的沥青路面动力响应理论分析方法。本篇对该项目的技术创新点、主要研究成果、社会经济效益及推广应用前景进行了介绍,为今后沥青路面的结构改造与设计提供理论依据。%Editor's Notes. The traffic construction technology project in westem China,Study on Dy- namic Response Analysis Method of Asphalt Pavement',is to establish the dynamic model of vehicle-read system,to study the dynamic response situation of asphalt pavement structure under the load effect of high speed haavy-load vehicles,and to analyze the effect of dynamic loads on the using performance of asphalt pavement structural,thus the article proposed the theoretical analysis method of asphalt pavement dynamic response suitable for the heavy traffic conditions. The article introduced the technical innovation points,main study findings, social economic benefits and promotion application prospects of this project, providing the theoretical basis for the future structure transformation and design of asphalt pavement.

  1. 温再生沥青混合料路用性能的试验研究%Research on the pavement performance of warm- recycled asphalt mixture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张德豪; 刘岩

    2015-01-01

    温再生沥青混合料是一种基于温拌沥青技术的新型再生沥青混合料,实现了旧沥青混合料(RAP)循环利用和节能减排的双重目标。本文通过与热再生沥青混合料的对比试验,研究了不同旧料掺量下温再生沥青混合料的路用性能。结果表明:温再生沥青混合料各项指标均已接近或达到了热再生沥青混合料的性能,而且旧料的掺配率可以提高10%左右;旧料掺量为20~30%时,温再生混合料的性能良好,可用于城市道路沥青路面的建设。%Warm-recycled asphalt mixture is a new type of pavement material that can realize the RAP recycling and energy saving and emission reduction. Trough the comparative test of hot-recycled asphalt mixture, the article studied the comprehensive pavement performance of warm-recycled asphalt mixture with the addition of different reclaimed asphalt pavement(RAP) admixture amount. The results showed that: all indicators of the warm- recycled asphalt mixture were close to or reached the performance of hot-recycled asphalt mixture,and the admixture amount of RAP can be improved about 10%. The RAP content should be among 20~30% when the WMA recycled mixture used in high grade highway construction.

  2. 橡胶沥青路面的结构类型及应用%The structure type and application of rubber asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵评宏

    2015-01-01

    This paper discussed two kinds of production technology of rubber asphalt,analyzed the technical advantages of rubber asphalt,intro-duced the main structure types of rubber asphalt applied in pavement,and discussed the characteristics of gap gradation rubber asphalt concrete, rubber asphalt stone mastic,rubber asphalt stress absorbing layer,put forward the research direction improvement of rubber asphalt performance.%论述了橡胶沥青的两种生产工艺,分析了橡胶沥青具有的技术优势,介绍了橡胶沥青应用于路面的主要结构类型,并对断级配橡胶沥青混凝土、橡胶沥青玛脂碎石、橡胶沥青应力吸收层的特性进行了探讨,提出了完善橡胶沥青性能的研究方向。

  3. A Review on Using Crumb Rubber in Reinforcement of Asphalt Pavement

    OpenAIRE

    Nuha Salim Mashaan; Asim Hassan Ali; Mohamed Rehan Karim; Mahrez Abdelaziz

    2014-01-01

    An immense problem affecting environmental pollution is the increase of waste tyre vehicles. In an attempt to decrease the magnitude of this issue, crumb rubber modifier (CRM) obtained from waste tyre rubber has gained interest in asphalt reinforcement. The use of crumb rubber in the reinforcement of asphalt is considered as a smart solution for sustainable development by reusing waste materials, and it is believed that crumb rubber modifier (CRM) could be an alternative polymer material in i...

  4. Sensitivity analysis of asphalt-pavement structure dynamic responses under heavy load

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZHANG Lijuan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available With the 3-Dimensional finite-element dynamic model,the influence of axis-load,axis-speed,and pavement structure parameters on dynamic performance of pavement structure is studied.The results show that with the increase in load,the dynamic response of pavement is nearly proportional to axis-load and increases noticeably;Axis-speed influences the dynamic response to some extent.With the increase of axis-speed,dynamic response of pavement structure increases firstly.With axis-speed further increasing,dynamic response of pavement structure then decreases gradually.For fatigue failure,the influence of heavy-load with common moving speed is much greater than that of static load.Among the pavement structure parameters,thickness of surface-layer has a significant effect on shear stress and the compression stress at road surface.Subgrade modulus has a significant effect on road surface deflection,tensile stress at the bottom of subbase,and compression-strain at the top of subgrade.

  5. Influence of limestone fillers on combustion characteristics of asphalt mortar for pavements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asphalt materials will be ignited and release significant toxic fumes within tunnel fires. Thus, combustion characteristics of asphalt materials used in road tunnel should be studied in order to limit such an adverse effect. In the present work we study the influence of limestone fillers on combustion characteristics of asphalt mortar by thermogravimetric and kinetic analysis. It is shown that the combustion of asphalt mortar is not just a linear superposition of asphalt and limestone. The limestone will increase the ignition point and the activation energy of the primary volatile release, and will catalyze the char formation from the primary volatile release. Kinetic analysis shows that the primary volatile release stage of asphalt mortar combustion can be explained by a three-dimensional diffusion model, the secondary volatile release and char combustion stage can be explained by a model under the assumption of random nucleation and nuclei growth, whereas the limestone decomposition stage appears to follow the one-dimensional phase boundary model. (electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, classical mechanics, and fluid dynamics)

  6. GREENPATCH® - Cold Mix Asphalt

    OpenAIRE

    ECT Team, Purdue

    2013-01-01

    GreenPatch® is environmentally friendly cold asphalt that is a direct replacement for traditional cold patch in repairing asphalt pavements. This revolutionary breakthrough in the cold asphalt industry contains no petroleum based softeners such as diesel, toluene, kerosene, and naphthalene found in conventional cold asphalt that pose serious threats to human health and the environment.

  7. 超载作用下沥青混凝土路面的受力特性分析%Stress Analysis of Asphalt Concrete Pavement Under Overload

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔学民; 陈德华

    2012-01-01

    Based on the breakage of asphalt concrete pavement of Foshan-Kaiping Expressway, elastic layered theory is used to analyze the stress and deformation of the overloaded asphalt concrete pavement, the effects of overloaded vehicles on stress characteristics and fatigue lifetimes are discussed theoretically.%根据佛开高速公路沥青混凝土路面破损情况,应用弹性层状体系理论分析沥青混凝土路面在超载作用下的应力和变形,从理论上探讨超载车辆对路面的受力特性和疲劳寿命产生的影响.

  8. Practical research on the modified rubber powder asphalt pavement engineering%橡胶粉改性沥青路面工程实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟建建; 勾煜

    2012-01-01

    Through comprehensively considering features and influential factors of rubber powder asphalt, the paper describes the production and construction technology of the new rubber power modified asphalt pavement from aspects of raw material selection of rubber powder, basic asphalt, coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and filling materials, the design and production, transportation, paving and rolling and forming of rubber powder asphalt mixture. Practice proves that rubber powder asphalt pavement has great effect of bleeding and sliding resistance and noise resistance. Through nearly two years' operation and return visit, it turns out that the pavement eveness is good without potholes. In addition, the proprietors are satisfied with the highway conditions.%综合考虑橡胶粉沥青的特点及其影响因素,从橡胶粉、基质沥青、粗集料、细集料和填料等原材料的选用,橡胶粉沥青混合料的设计与生产、运输、摊铺以及碾压成型等角度,详细阐述了一种新型的橡胶粉改性沥青路面的生产与施工工艺,实践证明:橡胶粉沥青路面具有良好的泌水性和抗滑、防噪效果,经过近两年的运行和回访表明,路面平整度等状况良好,无车辙、无坑洞,业主反映较好。

  9. 浅析长寿命沥青路面的发展现状及设计理念%Initial analysis on development situation and design idea of asphalt pavement with long service life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莉华; 藏芝树

    2009-01-01

    According to the review on the corresponding material, the paper mainly introduces the development current situation and structural design characteristics of the asphalt pavement with long service life, and points out that compared with traditional asphalt pavement, the as-phalt pavement with long service life can avoid early destruction effectively, improve the service life of the pavement greatly and its mainte-nance is economical and convenient.%通过对相关资料的概括,主要介绍了长寿命沥青路面的发展现状及结构设计特点,并指出与传统的沥青路面相比,长寿命沥青路面能够有效地避免早期破坏,并且能大幅度地提高路面使用寿命且维修经济简便.

  10. Comparative Evaluation of Pavement Crack Detection Using Kernel-Based Techniques in Asphalt Road Surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miraliakbari, A.; Sok, S.; Ouma, Y. O.; Hahn, M.

    2016-06-01

    With the increasing demand for the digital survey and acquisition of road pavement conditions, there is also the parallel growing need for the development of automated techniques for the analysis and evaluation of the actual road conditions. This is due in part to the resulting large volumes of road pavement data captured through digital surveys, and also to the requirements for rapid data processing and evaluations. In this study, the Canon 5D Mark II RGB camera with a resolution of 21 megapixels is used for the road pavement condition mapping. Even though many imaging and mapping sensors are available, the development of automated pavement distress detection, recognition and extraction systems for pavement condition is still a challenge. In order to detect and extract pavement cracks, a comparative evaluation of kernel-based segmentation methods comprising line filtering (LF), local binary pattern (LBP) and high-pass filtering (HPF) is carried out. While the LF and LBP methods are based on the principle of rotation-invariance for pattern matching, the HPF applies the same principle for filtering, but with a rotational invariant matrix. With respect to the processing speeds, HPF is fastest due to the fact that it is based on a single kernel, as compared to LF and LBP which are based on several kernels. Experiments with 20 sample images which contain linear, block and alligator cracks are carried out. On an average a completeness of distress extraction with values of 81.2%, 76.2% and 81.1% have been found for LF, HPF and LBP respectively.

  11. Research on heat transfer mechanism and thermal characteristics of heat transfer asphalt pavement%调热沥青路面调热机理及调热特性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔华

    2015-01-01

    For the study of the thermal characteristics of water-retention pavement,thermal resistance pavement,heat storage pavement,the heat transfer mechanism of three kinds of heat transfer asphalt pavement was analyzed;the three kinds of heat transfer asphalt pavement specimens and normal asphalt pavement specimens were formed,and the temperature sensors were set at the bottom of specimens,and the temperature data of four kinds of pavement were collected. The results show that the temperature change of heat storage pavement lags behind the normal asphalt pavement;all the three kinds of heat transfer pavements can effectively reduce the pavement temperature,but the water-retention’s cooling effect is the best,thermal resistance is center,thermal storage’s cooling effect is poorer.%为研究保水路面、热阻路面和储热路面的调热特性,对三种调热路面的调热机理进行了分析;通过成型三种调热路面试件和普通沥青路面试件,并在试件底部设置温度传感器,采用温度采集仪对四种路面的温度变化数据进行了采集,研究结果表明,储热路面的温度变化相对于普通沥青路面存在一定的滞后性;三种调热路面均能降低路面温度,但降低幅度保水路面最大,热阻路面居中,储热路面最小。

  12. FEM analysis of dynamic behavior of asphalt pavement structure weakened by grassroots with account of hydraulic and vehicle load coupling effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, J.; Pan, X.; Dai, S. B.; Cai, Y.

    2015-12-01

    This paper establishes the finite element model of saturated asphalt pavement with ANSYS. The thickness and elastic modulus of pavement surface layers and grassroots are taken as influencing factors to analyze the influence of these factors’ change on the pavement mechanical behavior. The results indicate that the increase of surface thickness leads to the shear stress's decrease that may relieve the internal shear stress concentrated phenomenon effectively. The increase of elastic modulus of surface makes the pore pressure decrease, and result in the shear stress's increase. The grassroots thickness has no obvious effect on the pore- water pressure and shear stress; the grassroots elastic modulus’ increase may increase the internal shear stress and decrease the pore pressure.

  13. 旧水泥路面沥青加铺层技术的应用研究%Application research of old cement pavement asphalt overlay technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林毅

    2009-01-01

    Aiming at the characteristics of the old cement pavement, the author provides method of getting old cement pavement transformation based on adopting flexible pavement structure, and provides design methods of the dense asphalt macadam subgrade structure, and the as-phalt adopting Superpave technology, theory analysis and test results show that the pavement structure has good strength, its smoothness and structure depth all satisfies technology requirement of the expressway, and has good performance.%针对旧水泥路面特点,提出采用柔性路面结构进行旧水泥路面改造,并提出了密实式沥青碎石基层结构的设计方法,沥青面层采用Superpave技术,理论分析及试验检测结果表明,路面结构强度很好,路面平整度、构造深度均满足高速公路的技术要求,具有很好的性能.

  14. The Comprehensive Application of Nanometer Titanium Dioxide in Asphalt Pavement%纳米二氧化钛在沥青路面中的综合应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵路; 钱国平

    2013-01-01

    In the asphalt pavement application, titanium dioxide nanoparticles as a catalyst be used to degrade automobile exhaust, and improve the mechanical properties and durability of asphalt pavement in a certain extent. This paper summarizes the application of nanometer titanium dioxide in asphalt and asphalt mixture in the above two aspects, and prospect the development of nano titanium dioxide in the direction of the two study.%  纳米二氧化钛可以很好地催化降解汽车尾气,并在一定程度上改善沥青路面的力学性能和耐久性。本文从以上两方面归纳了纳米二氧化钛在沥青和沥青混合料中的中的应用,最后对纳米二氧化钛在这两个研究方向的发展进行了展望。

  15. 高速公路沥青路面预防性养护技术研究%Study on preventive maintenance technology of highway asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭小庆

    2016-01-01

    阐述了高速公路沥青路面养护的概念,从热沥青灌缝、沥再生、稀浆封层、薄层罩面等方面,介绍了高速公路中常用的预防性养护技术,并结合山西某高速公路的实际情况,选用沥再生技术对该路面进行预防性养护,取得了良好的养护效果,延长了路面的使用寿命。%The paper describes the concepts of highway asphalt pavement maintenance,introduces common preventive highway maintenance tech-nologies from aspects of hot asphalt joint,asphalt recycling,slurry sealing,and thin overlay,carries out preventive maintenance by selecting as-phalt recycling technology according to actual highway conditions in Shanxi province. As a result,it achieves great maintenance effect and pro-longs pavement servicing life.

  16. 论改性沥青路面施工技术%Discussion on the construction technology of modified asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀娥

    2015-01-01

    对胶粉改性沥青混合料的配合比设计流程及其设计要点进行了分析,介绍了胶粉沥青混合料的生产流程,并对改性沥青路面施工技术的具体应用过程进行了研究,以提升该技术手段在今后公路施工中的应用水平。%This paper analyzed the mixture proportioning design process and its design key points of rubber powder modified asphalt,introduced the production process of rubber powder asphalt mixture,and researched the specific application process of modified asphalt pavement construc-tion technology,in order to enhance the application level of this technology in future highway construction.

  17. Comparative Study on Pavement Temperature Features of Bridge Deck and Road Pavement

    OpenAIRE

    Yueqin Hou; Nanxiang Zheng; Yiluo Zhang

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study was to comparatively analyze the difference of pavement temperature of bride deck and road pavement. The asphalt pavement temperature of road pavement and bride deck were tested in Guozigou area of Xinjiang, China. And the air temperature, wind speed, humidness and sunlight radiation were collected. Further, the distribution features of asphalt pavement of bridge deck and road pavement were comparatively analyzed. At last, the predictive model of pavement temperatu...

  18. Multifractal Characteristics of Asphalt Concrete Pavement Macrotexture%沥青混凝土路面宏观纹理的多重分形特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗英豪; 宋萍萍

    2013-01-01

    为深入分析沥青混凝土路面表面宏观纹理特征,在12条不同等级的道路上,选取了包含沥青混凝土(AC)、沥青玛蹄脂碎石(SMA)、开级配抗滑磨耗层(OGFC)、微表处(MS)和稀浆封层(SS)等路面类型的35个测试点,利用激光断面仪开展了路面表面宏观纹理断面的现场测试.分析表明,沥青混凝土路面表面宏观纹理断面具有典型的多重分形特征,多重分形谱呈向右的钩形,多重分形谱的分布宽度(△a)反映了路面断面起伏幅度的变化范围,与路面表面平均断面深度(MPD)之间有较为显著的相关性.最小概率子集与最大概率子集的分形维数差(△f(a))表征了路面表面纹理不同起伏幅度的分布情况,从一个新的角度描述了路面表面断面的特征,丰富了对路面表面宏观纹理特征的描述.%To deeply understand the features of asphalt concrete pavement macrotexture, field tests are conducted using laser profile tester at 35 test sites in 12 sections with 5 pavement types including Asphalt Concrete (AC), Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA), Open Graded Friction Course (OGFC), Micro-Surfacing (MS) , and Slurry Seal (SS). It is shown that profile of asphalt concrete pavement macrotexture has significant multifractal property. All multifractal spectrums are like a hook facing right. The width of multifractal spectrum (△a) indicates the variation range of profile amplitude, which has significant correlation-ship with the Mean Profile Depth (MPD). Fractal dimension difference between the subset with minimum probability and the subset with maximum probability (△f(a)) describes the distribution of profile amplitude which characterizes the pavement macrotexture from another view and is a new choice for asphalt concrete pavement macrotexture charecterization.

  19. Performance of asphalt rubber mixtures

    OpenAIRE

    Thives, Liseane Padilha; Trichês, Glicério; Pereira, Paulo A. A.; Pais, Jorge C.

    2010-01-01

    Asphalt rubber mixtures are one of the most promising techniques to extend the service life of asphalt pavement overlays. Asphalt rubber binder is composed of crumb rubber from reclaimed tires and conventional asphalt. The asphalt rubber binder can be obtained through wet process in two different systems: terminal blending (produced at industrial plants) and continuous blending (produced in asphalt plants). This study presents a laboratory evaluation of asphalt rubber mixtures produced with d...

  20. 信息动态%A Research on the Pavement Performance of Warm Mix Buton Mastic Asphalt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Compositing modified asphalt mixture is a kind of asphalt mixture which uses Buton Mastic Asphalt(BMA) and warm modifier compound modification. It is proved that the composite modified asphalt mixture technology can greatly reduce the mixing temperature, save energy and protect the environment, and can guarantee good road performance. Employing Buton Mastic Asphalt as modifier can obviously increase the high temperature stability of asphalt mixture, with little impact on low temperature performance.

  1. Investigation of Self Consolidating Concrete Containing High Volume of Supplementary Cementitious Materials and Recycled Asphalt Pavement Aggregates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patibandla, Varun chowdary

    The use of sustainable technologies such as supplementary cementitiuous materials (SCMs), and/or recycled materials is expected to positively affect the performance of concrete mixtures. However, it is important to study and qualify such mixtures and check if the required specifications of their intended application are met before they can be implemented in practice. This study presents the results of a laboratory investigation of Self Consolidating concrete (SCC) containing sustainable technologies. A total of twelve concrete mixtures were prepared with various combinations of fly ash, slag, and recycled asphalt pavement (RAP). The mixtures were divided into three groups with constant water to cementitiuous materials ratio of 0.37, and based on the RAP content; 0, 25, and 50% of coarse aggregate replaced by RAP. All mixtures were prepared to achieve a target slump flow equal to or higher than 500 mm (24in). A control mixture for each group was prepared with 100% Portland cement whereas all other mixtures were designed to have up to 70% of portland cement replaced by a combination of supplementary cementitiuous materials (SCMs) such as class C fly ash and granulated blast furnace slag. The properties of fresh concrete investigated in this study include flowability, deformability; filling capacity, and resistance to segregation. In addition, the compressive strength at 3, 14, and 28 days, the tensile strength, and the unrestrained shrinkage up to 80 days was also investigated. As expected the inclusion of the sustainable technologies affected both fresh and hardened concrete properties. Analysis of the experimental data indicated that inclusion of RAP not only reduces the ultimate strength, but it also affected the compressive strength development rate. Moreover, several mixes satisfied compressive strength requirements for pavements and bridges; those mixes included relatively high percentages of SCMs and RAP. Based on the results obtained in this study, it is not

  2. 丹通高速公路沥青路面新材料、新工艺的应用%Application of New Material and New Technology of Asphalt Pavement of Dantong Expressway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立安

    2012-01-01

    Several new ideas adopted in Dantong Expressway pavement design are introduced, including rubber asphalt, flame retardant asphalt, warm mix asphalt, large grain size asphalt macadam and cement stabilized macadam base course in the type of closed skeleton compaction.%介绍了丹通高速路面设计采用的一些新的材料和新的工艺,包括橡胶沥青、阻燃沥青、温拌沥青、大粒径沥青碎石以及紧密嵌挤骨架密实型水泥稳定碎石基层。

  3. Exploring the Ageing Effect of Binder on Skid Resistance Evolution of Asphalt Pavement

    OpenAIRE

    Kane, Malal; ZHAO, Dan; Do, Minh Tan; Chailleux, Emmanuel; DE LARRARD, Francois

    2010-01-01

    One of the most important safety requirements of a road is its capability of preventing skidding of vehicles. However, this requirement so called "skid resistance" evolves during the whole pavement life. Phenomena that are identified to be responsible of this evolution are binder removal, aggregate polishing and seasonnal variations. In addition, ageing of bitumen is also identified to play a significant role on skid resistance evolution. One of the main results of previous works about skid r...

  4. 基于抗裂的沥青路面合理结构研究%Study on Structural Design of Anti-cracking Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴彩萍

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, a special road design program is used to analyze the stress value and distribution of the semi rigid asphalt pavement under normal tire pressure. Based on calculating analysis, some conclusions are obtained, such as the change law of the stress in layer bottom caused by the altering of construction mechanics parameters, the rational as- phalt pavement construction based on the change law which could avoid the fatigue cracking and reflection cracking and the design direction of anti-cracking asphalt pavement' s material composition. The research resuhs would have theoretical reference value for the structural design of semi-rigid asphalt pavement.%利用专门的道路设计程序,对半刚性基层沥青路面进行结构力学计算。通过沥青路面内的应力大小和分布分析,得到层底拉应力随结构力学参数(各材料层厚度、模量及结构形式)变化规律,据此提出避免沥青面层疲劳开裂和半刚性基层反射裂缝的沥青路面合理结构,并指出基于抗裂的沥青路面材料组合设计方向。研究结果对半刚性基层沥青路面结构组合设计具有理论参考价值。

  5. Composition of abraded dust from asphalt pavement produced using ferrochromium smelter slag (OKTO-aggregate)

    OpenAIRE

    Makowska, Michalina; Leveinen, Jussi; Pellinen, Terhi; Marjamaa, Riikka

    2015-01-01

    This report describes an investigation that took place at Aalto University commissioned by the Finnish Transport Agency about asphalt dust containing OKTO-aggregate. In the fall of 2013, Finnish newspaper headlines began to raise the issue of the occurrence of damaged timing belts in the Oulu region. It seemed to only concern certain models and was found in the form of a dust. The press reasoned that this "mysterious" dust must have originated from the aggregates abraded from the local Oulu r...

  6. Typical Structure of Bridge Deck Asphalt Pavement of Cement Concrete Bridge%水泥混凝土桥沥青铺装典型结构研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何德云; 熊欣; 董强

    2011-01-01

    Vehicle's safety and comfort has been directly affected by the quality of bridge deck pavement, and the quality of bridge deck pavement has been directly affected by the composite structure of bridge deck pavement. Through the interlayer cohesive tests with 7 sorts of materials, temperature stability and fatigue bending tests with 3 composite structures, the performance sequence of interlayer cohesive materials and asphalt composite structures have been confirmed. On the basis of the test results, the typical structure of bridge deck pavement has been proposed, which offers references for the design and construction of bridge deck pavement.%桥面铺装的质量直接影响着行车的安全性和舒适性,桥面铺装的结构组合又直接决定了桥面铺装的质量.通过对7种桥面铺装层材料的层间黏结性能试验、3种桥面铺装组合结构的温度稳定性试验和复合小梁弯曲疲劳试验,确定了桥面铺装层间黏结材料和沥青铺装结构的性能排序,在此基础上提出了桥面铺装的典型结构型式,可为桥面铺装设计和施工提供参考.

  7. Estudo de misturas asfálticas com ligante modificado pelo polímero EVA para pavimentos urbanos de Manaus - AM Study of asphalt mixtures containing a binder modified with EVA polymer for use in urban pavements in Manaus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela M. G. D'Antona

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A presente pesquisa buscou soluções com materiais alternativos visando à construção de pavimentos urbanos para Manaus (AM com maior vida útil e condizente com as suas condições de serviço, em particular, o seu desempenho mecânico frente às temperaturas regionais. Estudou-se o ligante regional, CAP 50/70, misturado com 4% do polímero EVA, e como partícipe em compósitos asfálticos. A incorporação do mencionado polímero teve como objetivo melhorar suas propriedades reológicas e, por conseguinte, o comportamento mecânico desse compósito - concreto asfáltico, empregado como revestimento nas vias urbanas da Capital do Estado do Amazonas. Os ligantes (virgem e modificado foram caracterizados conforme a especificação da ANP e a metodologia Superpave. As misturas asfálticas foram avaliadas pelo ensaio de fluência por compressão axial, com carregamento dinâmico à temperatura de 40 ºC. O material asfáltico modificado com EVA (AMP EVA demonstrou melhores propriedades reológicas ou equivalentes ao asfalto convencional (REMAN, ao longo de todos os ensaios de caracterização. As misturas alternativas compostas com o CAP modificado (SEVA obtiveram desempenho mecânico superior ao de misturas com cimento asfáltico habitualmente comercializado na região (SMAN.In this research we investigated alternative materials to build urban pavements in Manaus, seeking for pavements with longer lifetime for usage and suitable mechanical properties to withstand the local temperatures. The asphaltic mixtures contained a regional binder, namely CAP 50/70, mixed with 4% of EVA polymer. The incorporation of the latter polymer was aimed at improving the rheological properties of asphaltic concrete used in roads in the Amazonas' capital. The asphalt binders (original and modified were characterized in accordance with the ANP (National Petroleum Agency specification and the Superpave methodology. The asphalt mixtures had their mechanical properties

  8. 重载交通下不同基层类型沥青路面结构应力分析%Analysis for Structural Stress of Asphalt Pavement of Different Types of Basecourses under Heavy Load Traffic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍祥松

    2012-01-01

    基于我国沥青路面设计理论及标准,参考实际沥青路面结构,选取不同的沥青路面结构与材料参数,如结构层厚度、模量和泊松比等,采用BISAR3.0路面力学计算程序计算分析不同基层类型对沥青混凝土路面结构内部应力状态的影响.结果表明,柔性基层路面与半刚性基层路面的破坏机理存在明显差异,为了实现2种路面的优势互补,应将柔性基层与半刚性基层的结构进行合理的优化组合,以弥补柔性基层和半刚性基层沥青路面的缺陷.%Based on design theories and standards for asphalt pavement in China and by reference to actual structures of asphalt pavement, this paper selects different structure and material parameters of asphalt pavement, such as thickness, modulus and Poisson' s Ratio of structural layers, etc. , calculates and analyzes influences of different basecourse types on internal stress states of asphalt concrete pavement structures by means of BISAR3. 0 mechanical calculation program for pavement. The results show that significant differences exist in failure mechanisms of flexible basecourse pavement and semi - rigid basecourse pavement, to realize complementary advantages of two pavements, the structures of flexible basecourse and semi - rigid basecourse should be optimized and combined in a reasonable way to make up defects of flexible basecourse and semi - rigid basecourse pavements.

  9. Analysis for Critical Range of Key Indices in Preventive Maintenance of Asphalt Pavement%沥青路面预防性养护关键指标临界范围浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张逆

    2015-01-01

    沥青路面使用性能关键指标的临界范围是确定路面所处状态、选择路面养护时机的关键参数. 针对高速公路沥青路面预防性养护时机问题,结合国内外研究成果及我国沥青路面实践,探讨并明确路面使用性能关键指标如路面状况指数(PCI)、平整度指数(IRI)、路面车辙(RD)、横向力系数(SFC)等的临界值范围,为我国高速公路管理部门选择沥青路面预防性养护时机提供参考.%The critical range of key indices of application performance of asphalt pavement is a key parameter for determining pavement status and selection of maintenance opportunity of pavement. In allusion to the problem of preventive maintenance opportunity of asphalt pavement of expressways and in combination with foreign research achievements and our national practices of asphalt pavement, this paper probes into and makes clear the range of critical values of key indices of pavement application performance such as pavement condition index ( PCI ) , international roughness index ( IRI ) , rut of pavement ( RD ) and side - way force coefficient ( SFC ) , etc. to provide a reference for our national expressway management departments to select preventive maintenance opportunity of asphalt pavement.

  10. Discuss the Processing and Precaution of Asphalt Pavement%小议沥青路面裂缝的处理及其预防措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王辉

    2013-01-01

    The asphalt pavement is the commonly used flexib-le pavement in our current road, which has the advantages of carrying big capacity, high strength and strong ability to resist fatigue. The drawback is brit leness, easy to produce cracks w-hen the large difference of temperature and poor resistance to deformation ability. In this article, the author put forward some measures to prevent cracks in the asphalt pavement.%  沥青路面是我国目前公路中比较常用的柔性路面,它的优点是承载力大、强度高并且抗疲劳能力强。缺点是脆性大、温差大时易产生裂缝、抗变形的能力差。本文针对沥青路面中常见的一些裂缝提出了一些预防措施。

  11. The use of crushed rubber in asphalt mixtures of road pavements

    OpenAIRE

    Holubka, Mariya; Salaiová, Brigita

    2013-01-01

    The presented article gives a brief overview on the possible use of crushed rubber from waste tires in asphalt mixtures. Advantages, disadvantages and difficulties of its use in road construction are also discussed. The results of sieve analysis and thermal analysis obtained on the samples prepared from waste rubber are discussed. The use of recycled tire rubber in road construction can contribute significantly to the reduction of environmental load. Коротко описано можливості застосу...

  12. 沥青路面线性疲劳损伤特性及形变规律%Linear fatigue damage characteristics and deformation law of asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙志林; 黄晓明

    2012-01-01

    In order to study the fatigue damage characteristics and the deformation of the asphalt pavement under vehicle load, using the general finite element software ABAQUS and the secondary development platform, an asphalt pavement numerical model which considers the pavement material fatigue damage is established to analyze the spatial distribution and evolution of asphalt pavement structure damage and horizontal normal strain, as well as the evolution law of the deflection on the surface of the pavement. The results show that the pavement structural damage mainly distributes in a specific damage zone that is located at the bottom of the layer and along the middle line between the double wheels. With the increase of the load cycles, the damage degree at the bottom of the base layer and the sub-base layer increases, the rate of which gradually decreases. Meanwhile, the horizontal tensile strain close to the bottom of the pavement layer increases, the rate of which gradually decreases, and neutral axis moves upward. The deflection on the surface of the pavement increases with the increase of load cycles, the rate of which decreases gradually. The results can provide a theoretical support for the asphalt pavement structure design, the maintenance and the prediction of the long-term performance.%为了研究沥青路面结构在车辆荷载作用下的疲劳损伤演化特性并分析其形变规律,运用通用有限元软件ABAQUS及其二次开发平台,建立考虑路面材料疲劳损伤的沥青路面结构数值计算模型,分析沥青路面结构在车辆荷载反复作用下路面结构损伤和水平正应变的空间分布与演化规律,以及路表弯沉随荷载作用的演变规律.结果表明:路面结构损伤主要分布在双轮中心线下靠近层底的区域,基层层底与底基层层底损伤度随荷载作用均增加,但增加幅度逐渐减小;路面结构层内水平正应变在荷载作用下,靠近层底位置拉应变逐渐增大,但增

  13. Evaluation of Permeability of Asphalt Pavement Based on Differential Thermal Infrared of Pavement Surface%基于路表红外差热的沥青混凝土路面渗水性能评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志栋; 黄晓明; 赵洁雯; 郭辉; 许涛; 陈广秀

    2012-01-01

    因离析、荷载、自然等因素的影响,沥青混凝土路面产生密实性不均一以及渗水性能表面差异性,为了改变目前渗水仪检测效率低、代表性差等现状,能够快速、多剖面对其渗水性能进行检测评价.首先,通过试验与有限元方法分析了沥青混凝土路面表面温度及其差异度与其渗水性能的相关性;同时,优选了路表温度差异度的最佳检测方法.研究表明:路表温度差异度与渗水性能相关系数达到0.9747,与传统渗水仪的渗水系数相关性达0.8272,建立了通过红外识别路表温度差异度来检测沥青混凝土路面渗水性能的方法和相应评价标准.另外,开发了连续测速达100 km/h的沥青混凝土路面渗水性红外检测仪,与传统渗水仪相比,检测范围由点变面,效率提高80倍,费用节约58%,并与处治透水的雾封层技术实现数据信息共享.%Because of synthesis effect of the segregation, loads and climate, the densification and permeability of the surface of asphalt concrete pavement is different. To change the status that the detecting efficiency and veracity of permeability detector at present is low and the permeability can be detected quickly and multi-section,firstly, the relativity between the surface temperature difference degree and permeability of asphalt concrete pavement is analyzed by the laboratory experiments and ABAQUS elements, and the detecting way of temperature difference degree optimized. It proved that relativity of the surface temperature difference degree and permeability of asphalt concrete pavement or permeability coefficient by the permeability detector arrived to 0. 974 7 or 0. 827 2, and detecting way of asphalt concrete pavement permeability is established based on the surface temperature difference degree identified by the infrared technology. At the same time, based on this principle the first continuous infrared detector reached l00km/h ,of asphalt concrete pavement

  14. 城市道路地下管道对沥青路面结构影响的力学分析%Mechanical analysis of asphalt pavement structure affected by underground pipeline of urban road

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方诗圣; 李宏卓; 李贺才

    2011-01-01

    This paper establishes a three-dimensional finite element model of typical asphalt pavement structure for numerical simulation. Under the asphalt pavement weight and the vehicle load, the laws that the underground pipeline depth and backfill modulus change affect the asphalt pavement are analyzed. Under the asphalt pavement weight, the existence of underground pipelines and trenches changes the local stiffness of the asphalt pavement structure and causes the surface differential settlement.While under the vehicle load, the laws that the different underground pipeline depth and backfill modulus affect the surface settlement and internal forces are revealed. The study provides a theoretical reference for designing and constructing the municipal asphalt pavement structure on the top of the underground pipelines.%文章通过典型沥青路面结构的三维有限元数值模拟,分别计算了在路面重力和车辆荷载作用下,地下管道埋深以及回填土模量变化对沥青路面的影响规律.在沥青路面自重荷载作用下,由于地下管道和沟槽的存在改变了道路结构的局部刚度,路表产生了差异沉降;在车辆荷载的作用下,分析了不同管道埋深和回填土模最对路面沉降和内力的影响规律,为市政道路管道上方路面设计和施工提供了理论参考.

  15. Laboratory performance of asphalt rubber mixtures

    OpenAIRE

    Fontes, Liseane; Trichês, Glicério; Pais, Jorge; Pereira, Paulo; Minhoto, Manuel

    2009-01-01

    Asphalt rubber mixtures are one of the most promising techniques to extend the service life of asphalt pavement overlays. Asphalt rubber binder is composed of crumb rubber from reclaimed tires and conventional asphalt. The asphalt rubber binder can be obtained through wet process in two different systems: tire rubber modified asphalt binder (produced at industrial plants) and continuous blending (produced in asphalt plants). This study presents a laboratory evaluation of asphalt rubber mixtur...

  16. 谈橡胶沥青混凝土路面的施工%On construction of rubber asphalt concrete pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李义

    2012-01-01

    Combining the working experience,the paper introduces the construction technique of the rubber asphalt concrete pavement by taking some projects as the example,and illustrates the operation points for some key procedure,including the mixing of the rubber asphalt,the transportation,the paving,and the roller compaction,so as to direct the practice.%结合自身工作经验,以具体工程为例,介绍了橡胶沥青混凝土路面施工技术,分别阐述了橡胶沥青的搅拌、运输、摊铺、碾压等关键工序的操作要点,以期指导实践。

  17. 浅析沥青路面裂缝%Ways to Control the Cracks in the Asphalt Pavement in Municipal Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伏修传

    2012-01-01

    结合工作实践,总结分析了城市道路沥青路面裂缝的形成、危害及裂缝的种类、产生原因,并提出对裂缝的预防和处理措施。%Based on many years of practices,the paper summarizes the causes of cracks in the asphalt pavement of urban roads and the influences of raw materials,design and construction,analyzes the forming,hazards,causes and types of the cracks and proposes some preventive and controlling measures.

  18. Mechanism of Fume Suppression and Performance on Asphalt of Expanded Graphite for Pavement under High Temperature Condition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Gang; HE Zhaoyi; HUANG Yangcheng; ZHOU Chao; YUAN Xiaoya

    2014-01-01

    Fume suppression mechanisms and the effect of expanded graphite on the performance of asphalt were studied by applying infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and comprehensive thermal analysis (TG, DSC). The experimental results confirm that asphalt which is mixed with expandable graphite will expand in the process of hot mix, and the expanded graphite layer will swell by the light component in the asphalt. The light component in the asphalt and PAHs adsorption on expanded graphite surface or part of the plug in the expanded graphite layer between plates made nucleation crystallization growth. And the Van der Waals force and the bonding of the lattice can effectively restrain the asphalt fume release. Meanwhile, the expanding agent with oxidative can spread into the asphalt, leading to asphalt oxygenated and plastic abate, while the ductility decreases. Expanded graphite, SBS modifier and environment- friendly plasticizers are used to composite modified asphalt. According to asphalt fume release experiment, normal test of asphalt performance, Brookfield viscosity test, RTFOT test and asphalt mixture tests (high temperature stability, low temperature stability, water stability), it has been proven that the modified asphalt’s performance is better than that of matrix asphalt and equivalent to that of SBS modified asphalt. Furthermore, it has good fume suppression effect.

  19. Application of surplus and waste materials in roads pavement making

    OpenAIRE

    S.M. Mousavi; Fazli, A. H.; Rouzmehr, F.

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays there are a lot of problems about surpluses and debris made by humans all around the world. Lots of these surpluses seriously harm our natural environment. Reuse of this kind of materials in other processes like building constructions or pavement help our natural environment in every aspect. Asphalt concrete is the main part of pavements in most parts of the world with an increasing rate of production in need of more ways and roads. In this paper we will provide...

  20. Analysis on Superpave-20 asphalt pavement construction technology at Tianshui cross-boundary section%天水过境段Superpave-20沥青路面施工工艺分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海红

    2011-01-01

    摘要:通过对Superpave沥青混合料施工和现场施工工艺的分析,提出Superpave沥青路面施工质量控制方法,为提高沥青路面施工质量提供一些有益的参考。%Through analyzes the Superpave asphalt mixture construction and site construction technology, and proposes Superpave asphalt pave- ment construction quality control methods, which has provided some beneficial reference for improving asphalt pavement construction quality.

  1. Performance Evaluation of Asphalt Modified with Municipal Wastes for Sustainable Pavement Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Nasir Amin

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The severe hot temperature and high traffic loadings in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA are causing distress in flexible pavements within a few years of service. Secondly, the conventional bitumen extracted from Saudi oil refineries have a performance grade of 64-10 (PG 64-10, which does not meet the SuperPave performance grade requirement for most of the KSA’s regions. In order to improve the performance grade of bitumen, different percentages of municipal wastes (plastic and crumb rubber were used as bitumen additives. The performance of bitumen at low, intermediate, and high temperatures was evaluated. This is important as the waste production is rising significantly due to the fast urbanization and high population growth in the KSA. Particularly, when there are very few ways of recycling these wastes (municipal, as well as industrial, which in fact have great impact on the environment. High-density polyethylene (HDP, low-density polyethylene (LDP, and crumb rubber (CR with 5%, 10%, and 15% by weight of bitumen, were mixed with the base bitumen (PG 64-10. Rotational viscometer (RV, dynamic shear rheometer (DSR, and bending beam rheometer (BBR were used to evaluate the viscosity, rutting, fatigue, and low-temperature behavior of base and modified binders. The test results indicated that the rutting (permanent deformation and fatigue resistance were significantly improved in modified binders due to the improvement in the visco-elastic properties.

  2. a Feasibility Study on Use of Generic Mobile Laser Scanning System for Detecting Asphalt Pavement Cracks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xinqu; Li, Jonathan

    2016-06-01

    This study aims to automatically detect pavement cracks on urban roads by employing the 3D point clouds acquired by a mobile laser scanning (MLS) system. Our method consists of four steps: ground point filtering, high-pass convolution, matched filtering, and noise removal. First, a voxel-based upward growing method is applied to construct Digital Terrain Model (DTM) of the road surface. Then, a high-pass filter convolutes the DTM to detect local elevation changes that may embed cracking information. Next, a two-step matched filter is applied to extract crack features. Lastly, a noise removal process is conducted to refine the results. Instead of using MLS intensity, this study takes advantages of the MLS elevation information to perform automated crack detection from large-volume, mixed-density, unstructured MLS point clouds. Four types of cracks including longitudinal, transvers, random, and alligator cracks are detected. Our results demonstrated that the proposed method works well with the RIEGL VMX-450 point clouds and can detect cracks in moderate-to-severe severity (13 - 25 mm) within a 200 m by 30 m urban road segment located in Kingston, Ontario, at one time. Due to the resolution capability, small cracks with slight severity remain unclear in the MLS point cloud.

  3. 脱硫橡胶沥青溶胀原理及路用性能%Swelling Principle and Pavement Performance of Desulfurized Rubber Asphalt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨毅文; 袁浩; 马涛

    2012-01-01

    分别从微观和宏观对脱硫橡胶及其橡胶沥青进行了研究,并用普通废胎橡胶及其橡胶沥青进行了对比.通过溶解试验发现脱硫橡胶的溶解性远大于普通橡胶,回收脱硫橡胶中仅有极少的橡胶颗粒存在.红外光谱表明脱硫橡胶颗粒较普通废胶粉含有更多的活性化学键,具有较低的交联度.脱硫橡胶沥青在相同温度下粘度较低同时也兼具较好的稳定性.建立了脱硫橡胶沥青的溶胀模型.比较了2种橡胶沥青的路用性能,发现脱硫橡胶的粘度和低温延度要好于普通橡胶沥青,其他性能则略差,并用溶胀模型进行了解释.%The desulfurized rubber and its rubber asphalt were studied from macro and micro aspects respectively, and the performance comparison between crumb rubber asphalt and desulfurized rubber asphalt was conducted. The result of solubility test show that the solubility of desulfurized rubber is much better than that of crumb rubber, and few rubber particle existed in the recycled desulfurized rubber. The infrared spectra show that the desulfurized rubber particle contains more additives and active chemical bond compared . To crumb rubber powder, and the former has less cross-linking, resulting in lower viscosity and better stability at the same temperature. A swelling model for desulfurized rubber asphalt was established, and the pavement performance of two kinds of rubber asphalt was compared. It is found that the viscosity and low-temperature ductility of desulfurized rubber is better than those of ordinary rubber asphalt except other pavement performance, which was explained by the swelling model.

  4. 沥青混凝土的动水压力模拟试验%Simulation Test of Dynamic Water Pressure for Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜旺恒; 张肖宁; 李智

    2011-01-01

    The simulation method of dynamic water pressure is one of the basic theories which should be researched to improve the water damage resistance of asphalt mixture. On the basis of designing the test system which generates dynamic water pressure in the voids of asphalt concrete by compressed air, the cylindrical asphalt concrete specimen, which has a space on its bottom and covered with epoxy resin glue on its lateral, was made to induct the water flow oriented through asphalt concrete voids to the established space, thus the oriented water erosion mode was formed. It is found by FEM that (1) the drainage could reduce the pore pressure in the specimen along its depth, which means pore pressure condition in voids of semi-rigid base asphalt pavement is harsher than that in drainage base asphalt pavement. It is found from the test by this specimen that ( 1 ) the splitting strength of the specimen decreased gradually due to water erosion; ( 2 ) powder escaped from asphalt concrete, shear failure occurred, and asphalt film stripped from the damaged surface during the oriented water erosion to the specimen at 60 ℃, which reveals that the effect of simulated dynamic pore pressure is significant; (3) asphalt mixture with void ratio about 8% has minimum resistance to water damage. These phenomena and test results reveal that the method is feasible for evaluating the water damage resistance of asphalt concrete.%动水压力模拟试验方法是提高沥青混合料抗水损害性能需要研究的基础理论问题之一.在设计以气压传递激发沥青混凝土孔隙中水压动态变化的试验装置的基础上,通过封闭圆柱形试件的侧壁和在试件底端构造蓄水空间以引导水在孔隙中向下渗流,形成定向冲刷模式.经有限元计算发现随试件深度增加水压减小,说明半刚性基层沥青路面比排水基层沥青路面承受的水压力条件更严酷.应用该试验装置发现动水冲刷使试件

  5. Research on the Cold Recycling Construction Technology of Asphalt Pavement%沥青路面冷再生施工工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王超平

    2014-01-01

    Asphalt pavement cold recycling construction tech-nology is one of new construction technology in local traffic road. In our existing system of highway construction, more th-an 60%are asphalt roads, and in some old road reconstruction and repair process, the most commonly used method is to dis-card the old pavement, this method is not only a serious waste of resources and has damage to the environment.%沥青路面冷再生施工工艺是基层交通路面施工的新型工艺之一。在我国现有的公路建设体系中,60%以上都是沥青公路,而在一些旧路改造和修补过程中,最常用的手段是把破旧路面丢弃,这种方法不仅严重浪费资源而且会对环境造成损害。

  6. Research on Fatigue Properties of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement%热再生沥青混合料的疲劳特性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董玲云; 何兆益; 黄刚; 王国伟; 侯俊

    2013-01-01

    针对渝长高速公路废旧沥青混合料,对新拌沥青混合料AC-16和RAP掺量分别为10%,30%,50%的再生AC-16进行长期老化前后的间接拉伸疲劳试验.引入疲劳寿命比Nf(k/n)和疲劳寿命损失率F(k)的概念,对再生沥青混合料疲劳特性的变化规律进行了系统评价.试验结果表明:随RAP掺量的增加,再生沥青混合料的疲劳寿命比降低,且老化后的疲劳寿命比要小于老化前,且疲劳寿命损失率增加.%Aiming at RAP (reclaimed asphalt pavement) of Yu-Chang freeway,the indirect tensile fatigue tests are carried out between a fresh asphalt mixture of AC-16 and the reclaimed AC-16 with RAP mixing amount 10,30,and 50 respectively,before and after the long-term aging.The fatigue life ratio Nf(k / n) and fatigue life loss ratio F (k) are introduced to systematically analyze the variation of the fatigue properties of the reclaimed asphalt mixture.Test results show that:with the increase of RAP amount,the reclaimed asphalt mixture fatigue life ratio decreases ; meanwhile,the age of fatigue life ratio of the reclaimed asphalt mixture is less than that before aging,and the fatigue life loss ratio increases.

  7. 沥青路面水泥改性级配碎石力学性能研究%The mechanical performance of cement modified graded crushed rock applied in the basement of asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周志刚; 曾勇; 孙绪康

    2012-01-01

    Graded crushed rock was mixed with a proper amount* of inorganic binder (such as cement, lime, and so on) to form modified graded crused rock. The results show that this method could enhance the shear strength and resistance to deformation for the crushed rock. When this kind of crushed rocks was used as the basement of asphalt pavement, the primary function of the crack and drainage could still be maintained, thus the loading capacity of asphalt pavement can be enhanced, the life of asphalt pavement can be extended. Field testing shows good effects when modified graded crushed rock is applied as the flexible basement of asphalt pavement.%在级配碎石中,掺入适量的无机结合料(如:水泥和石灰等),形成改性级配碎石.研究结果表明:该改性措施可以提高级配碎石的抗剪强度和抗变形能力,用作沥青路面基层时,可继续保持级配碎石基层的抗裂与排水作用,从而增强沥青路面承载能力,延长沥青路面的使用寿命.现场检测证明,应用改性级配碎石柔性基层的沥青路面使用效果良好.

  8. Fatigue Characteristics Analysis of Large Thickness Asphalt Pavement of Tong-ping Expressway%通平高速公路大厚度基层沥青路面疲劳特性分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何杰

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the author combines Tong-ping expressway engineering practice, through calculation and analysis of different interlayer bonding state of the large thickness of asphalt pavement of semi rigid base asphalt pavement with ordinary mechanical properties and fatigue characteristics, draw the total thickness of the same thickness of asphalt pavement is superior to ordinary asphalt pavement of semi rigid base of the conclusion.%结合通平高速公路的工程实践,通过计算分析不同层间粘结状态下的大厚度基层沥青路面与普通半刚性基层沥青路面的力学特性和疲劳特性,得出了总厚度相同的大厚度基层沥青路面要明显优于普通半刚性基层沥青路面的结论.

  9. Impact of Surface Temperature on Fatigue Damage in Asphalt Pavement%路表温度对沥青路面疲劳损伤的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦璐; Sascha KAYSER; Frohmut WELLNER

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate anti-fatigue performance of asphalt pavement impacted by temperature effectively and solve the problem of inaccurately prediction of fatigue damage by adopting a single fixed temperature, the impact of different surface temperatures and their combinations on fatigue damage in asphalt pavement is analyzed based on Miner law of accumulated fatigue damage, taking the temperature field prediction model of asphalt pavement provided by Dresden University of Technology in Germany for example. According to plenty of measured surface temperature data, different surface temperature combinations and their representative values in temperature intervals are determined and the change regularity of fatigue damage in asphalt pavement is studied. The analysis result shows that (1) the fatigue damage predicted by adopting surface temperature combinations is more accurate than that predicted by adopting a single fixed temperature; (2) when the number of temperature intervals forming temperature combination is much more, the predicted fatigue damage in asphalt pavement is more accurate, while when the number of temperature intervals was much less, the fatigue damage impacted by representative values in temperature intervals varies obviously; (3) the fatigue damage impacted by high temperature ( or upper limit) for representative value of temperature intervals is larger than the one by low temperature (lower limit).%为准确评价温度影响下沥青路面结构的抗疲劳性能,解决采用某单一固定温度预估疲劳损伤不够精确的问题,以德国德累斯顿工业大学提出的路面温度场预估模型为例,基于Miner疲劳累积损伤定理,分析路表不同温度及其组合对沥青路面疲劳损伤的影响.通过大量实测的路表温度数据,确定不同的路表温度组合及其组合内温度区间的温度代表值,研究路面结构疲劳损伤变化的规律.分析结果表明:采用由多个温度区间组成的路表温度组合预

  10. Performance of pavements designed with low-cost materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grau, R. W.; Yrjanson, W. A.; Packard, R. G.; Barksdale, R. D.; Potts, C. F.; Ruth, B. E.; Smith, L. L.; Huddleston, I. J.; Vinson, T. S.; Hicks, R. G.

    1980-04-01

    The following areas are discussed. Utilization of marginal aggregate materials for secondary road surface layers; econocrete pavements; current practices; construction and performance of sand-asphalt bases and performance of sand-asphalt and limerock pavements in Florida. Cement stabilization of degrading aggregates use of crushed stone screenings in highway construction (abridgement); and sulfur-asphalt pavement technology are also reviewed.

  11. 冷拌冷铺技术在农村公路沥青路面修补中的应用%Application of Cold Mix and Cold Pavement Patching. of Laid Technology in Asphalt Rural Highway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李曙光

    2012-01-01

    Through a large number of indoor and outdoor experimental researches, road performance of cold mix asphalt and cold mix and cold laid asphalt mixture is analyzed. The results show that cold mix and cold laid technology can meet the requirements of rural highway pavement maintenance. The construction technology is sim- ple and practicable, which is worthy of being applied in asphalt pavement maintenance of rural highway.%通过大量的室内外试验研究,对冷拌沥青及冷拌冷铺沥青混合料的路用性能进行研究,结果冷拌汽铺技术能够满足农村公路路面维修养护的需求,且施工工艺简单易行,值得在农村公路沥青路面养护中推广应用。

  12. Several Problems of Recycled Asphalt Macadam Pavement Needing Attention in Construction%再生沥青碎石面层施工中应注意的几个问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨祖炎

    2012-01-01

    The pollution of waste asphalt pavement material and funding pressures of new highway are two problems that cannot be neglected in the development process of the road, and asphalt pavement recycling technology is the effective way to resolve the issues. This paper analyzes some issues of the recycled asphalt construction should pay attention to.%废旧沥青路面材料的污染问题和新建公路的资金压力问题,是公路事业发展过程中不可忽视的两个问题,而沥青路面再生技术就是解决这一系列问题的有效途径,本文分析了再生沥青施工中应该注意的一些问题.

  13. 含盐高湿环境下沥青混合料耐久性%Durability of Asphalt Pavement Under Salty and Humid Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张争奇; 王志祥; 李志宏; 郭寒萍

    2015-01-01

    In order to study the rutting performance of asphalt pavement under salty and humid environment, tests on the condition of different temperatures and different salt solution concentrations were conducted applying laboratory Hamburg rutting test, by which the different types of durability of the asphalt mixture were compared. The Origin 8.0 was used to analyze the correlation of the results from plate and cylindrical specimens. Not only the cylindrical specimen rutting test conditions were determined, but also the salty humidity environment durability test conditions and the evaluation index were put forward. At last the erosion mechanism of salty and humid environment on the asphalt pavement was analyzed. The results show that modified asphalt binder can significantly improve the salt durability of the asphalt mixture under high humidity environment. It has poorer durability for the ordinary AC mixture than that of other. However, the durability of SMA mixture is better than that of other types of mixture under high humidity environment; cylindrical specimen immersion rutting deformation rate under the temperature of 60 ℃, 70 ℃ can be used to evaluate the durability of asphalt pavement and detection index. High temperature, salt, water, and the coupling effects are the main reasons for decreasing the durability of asphalt mixture.%为了研究含盐高湿环境下沥青混合料的耐久性,以不同温度和不同质量浓度盐溶液模拟含盐高湿环境进行汉堡车辙试验,并通过试验比较不同类型沥青混合料在含盐高湿环境下的耐久性,使用Origin 8.0对板状和圆柱形的车辙试验结果进行非线性指数拟合,提出含盐高湿环境沥青混合料耐久性的试验评价指标和检测方法,最后分析含盐高湿环境对沥青混合料的侵蚀机理.结果表明:采用改性沥青作结合料可以显著提高含盐高湿环境下沥青混合料的耐久性;含盐高湿环境下,普通AC混合料

  14. Physical properties of asphalt rubber after being mixed with reclaimed asphalt mixes

    OpenAIRE

    Pais, Jorge C.; Pereira, Paulo A. A.; Junior, J.; Gardete, Dinis

    2008-01-01

    Recycling of road pavements became an effective technique after the European legislation defined the amount of reclaimed material that could be sent to landfills. This rehabilitation technique allows the re-use of old pavement material and favours the reduction of the amount of new materials used to produce new pavement layers. One of the most promising pavement rehabilitation techniques uses asphalt rubber mixtures, i.e. asphalt mixtures in which the binder is asphalt modified by crumb r...

  15. Synthesis Study on Use of Concrete Recycled from Pavement and Building Rubble in the Indiana Highway System

    OpenAIRE

    Burke, Thomas T.; Cohen, Menashi D.; Scholer, Charles F.

    1992-01-01

    The demolition of buildings and highway pavements in the State of Indiana generates a considerable amount of waste materials. The disposal of these materials causes strain on the existing landfills which are rapidly approaching their full capacity. This study is a synthesis of the information on the use of concrete recycled from pavements and building rubble for use in the Indiana highway system. Test results have shown that recycled pavement concrete made chiefly from broken-up and crushed o...

  16. Dynamic Response Analysis with 3D Finite Element Method for Two Typical Kinds of Asphalt Concrete Pavements with Saturated Asphalt Layer%两种典型沥青混凝土路面结构沥青层饱水状态动力响应三维有限元分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任瑞波; 祁文洋; 徐强

    2011-01-01

    水和动态荷载耦合作用是沥青混凝土路面发生水损害的主要原因.首先基于多孔介质理论,假定路面结构中的沥青混凝土材料为完全饱水的多孔介质材料,对两种典型路面结构--半刚性沥青混凝土路面、具有柔性基层的半刚性沥青混凝土路面分别建立了三维有限元模型;而后对比分析了两种路面结构在动态荷载作用下的竖向应力、竖向应变、孔隙水压力的空间分布情况以及时程变化规律.结果表明:具有柔性基层的半剐性沥青混凝土路面结构具有较好的抗水损害性能,半刚性沥青混凝土路面结构则表现出较差的抗水损害性能.%The coupled moisture-loading action is the primary factor of initial failure for asphalt concrete pavement. At first, based on the porous media theory , assuming the asphalt concrete as saturated porous media material,two three-dimensional finite element models are established for two typical kinds of asphalt concrete pavements which included the semi-rigid base asphalt concrete pavement, the semi-rigid base asphalt concrete pavement with flexible base. Then the comparison and analysis of the spatial distribution and time change regulation for asphalt concrete pavement between the two kinds of structures are carried out which included vertical stress, vertical strain, and pore pressure. The result indicates that the semi-rigid asphalt concrete pavement stucture with flexible base shows the best performance of resisting the moisture damage, relatively the semi-rigid asphalt pavement structure gives the worse performance.

  17. Explore the Measures of Asphalt Subgrade Pavement and Flatness in Highway Engineering%探讨公路工程中沥青路基路面及平整度措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕国锋

    2013-01-01

      在公路工程施工中,沥青路基路面的施工影响着整个工程的质量。要想保证公路路面的平整,就要做好路基路面的施工控制。本文就影响沥青路基路面施工的因素做了分析,提出了一些提高路基路面平整度的技术措施,希望能够提高路基路面的建设水平。%In the highway engineering construction, the asph-alt subgrade pavement construction affects the quality of the whole project. In order to ensure the flatness of the pavement, people need to control the subgrade and pavement construction. This article analysis the influencing factors of asphalt subgrad-e pavement construction, and put forward a number of technic-al measures to improve the flatness of subgrade pavement, a-ims at improving the construction level of subgrade pavement.

  18. Analysis of Mechanical Response of Wheel Load on Semi -rigid Base Asphalt Pavement Structure%车轮荷载对半刚性基层沥青路面结构的力学响应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐伟杰

    2012-01-01

    Based on the theory and standards of the asphalt pavement design, typical semi - rigid asphalt pavement structure and material parameters were chosen. To calculate the stress, strain, displacement of the pavement structure under different loads BISAR3.0 software was adopted and analyzed the impact of the mechanical indicator on the pavement structure. The results show that the impact of different load patterns on the pavement structure is quite large, which can provide a useful reference for further explaining the pavement damage phenomenon of the%基于我国的沥青路面设计理论及标准,选取典型半刚性基层路面结构及材料参数,采用BISAR3.0软件对不同荷载作用下的路面结构应力、应变和位移进行计算,并分析了各力学指标对道路结构的影响。结果显示:不同荷载模式对路面结构的影响相当大,这对进一步解释路面面层的一些破坏现象提供了有益的参考。

  19. Structural Design and Mechanical Analysis of Full-Depth High Modulus Asphalt Concrete Pavement%全厚式高模量沥青混凝土路面结构设计及力学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李涛; 刘宁; 张涛

    2013-01-01

    The pavement special program PADS is used to calculate the three kinds of asphalt concrete pavement structure thickness which are full-depth high modulus, full-depth ordinary and semi-rigid base asphalt concrete pavement, respectively. The 3-D element model of asphalt concrete pavement structure is built based on the elastic mechanics to evaluate the design bottom stress state under loads. The rutting of the three kinds of pavement is determined by using asphalt concrete pavement permanent deformation prediction method in MEPDG of the United States. Also, their fatigue life is calculated. The results show that the full-depth high modulus asphalt concrete pavement structure is able to effectively decrease the thickness of the pavement structure, at the same time exhibits the best overall performance in rutting resistance and fatigue properties.%利用路面专用程序PADS计算全厚式高模量、全厚式普通和半刚性基层3种沥青混凝土路面结构厚度;根据弹性层状理论体系,建立了上述3种沥青混凝土路面结构三维有限元模型,对路面结构在荷载作用下的设计层层底应力状态进行对比分析;应用美国MEPDG推荐的沥青混凝土路面永久变形预估方法对沥青混凝土路面结构进行车辙预估,并对其疲劳寿命进行了计算.结果表明,全厚式高模量沥青混凝土路面结构能够有效减薄路面结构厚度,是抗车辙性能及疲劳性能综合最优的路面结构类型.

  20. Impact on Pavement Performance of Anti-stripping Impact on Pavement Performance of Anti-stripping Agent in Granite Asphalt Mixture Agent in Granite Asphalt Mixture%抗剥落剂对花岗岩沥青路用性能的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李经辉

    2016-01-01

    In this paper,a way to improve bitumen properties and the adhesion between bitumen and aggregate is proposed by adding two anti-stripping agents,hydrated lime and AR-68,which can im-prove asphalt pavement performance comprehensively.The test shows that adding anti-stripping agent can significantly improve the adhesion between asphalt and aggregate,and improve the asphalt mix-ture composition structure.The anti-stripping agent can evidently raise both water stability and high temperature stability of asphalt mixture.%提出通过外加消石灰和 AR-68两种抗剥落剂来改善沥青相关性质,以及沥青和集料之间的粘附性,从而综合提高沥青路面的路用性能。试验表明,外加抗剥落剂能显著提高沥青与集料之间的粘附性,改善沥青混合料的组成结构,并且沥青混合料的水稳定性、高温稳定性均有明显提升。

  1. Study and Application of Asphalt Medium Method for Measuring Pavement Air Void%沥青介质法实测路面空隙率研究及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周卫峰; 李源渊; 陈华鑫

    2016-01-01

    In order to overcome the disadvantages of poor representation and the accuracy in current air voids of asphalt pavement testing, we researched and developed the asphalt medium method for direct measuring asphalt pavement core samples’ largest theory relative density and calculating air voids, and applied it for quality inspection and evaluation of practical projects. The research result shows that ( 1 ) Compared with traditional method, the asphalt medium method overcame the drawbacks of solvent method and vacuum method, using heat asphalt as medium, it can more accurately measure the largest theory relative density of asphalt core samples, so the accuracy is higher. ( 2 ) The asphalt medium method directly uses the core samples’ bulk density and largest theory relative density for core samples’ air voids calculation, it has stronger representation. (3) As long as there is core samples from asphalt pavement, the asphalt medium method can be used for measuring its air voids, and it does not need to consult the maximum theoretical density of mixture for construction, so the application is more convenient. The variability of the measured largest theory relative density of core samples using the asphalt medium method can accurately evaluate the variability of the asphalt pavement. (4) There is a good relationship between the measured pavement air voids and the water seepage coefficient measured by the asphalt medium method. In practical projects, the method can be easily used for measuring the air voids of asphalt core samples, the result can be used for pavement quality evaluation and quality control.%为克服目前沥青路面空隙率检测代表性及准确性差的缺点,研究开发直接实测沥青路面芯样最大理论相对密度及计算空隙率的沥青介质法,并应用于实际工程的质量检测与评定。研究结果表明,与传统方法相比,沥青介质法克服了溶剂法与真空法的缺点,以热沥青为介质,更

  2. To Investigate Reconstruction Structure of Trunk Highway Asphalt Pavement in Lake Area%湖区干线公路沥青路面改建结构的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明

    2012-01-01

    According to the weather conditions, traffic conditions and other factors of Hubei Lakes local, aiming at the present situation for asphalt pavement reconstruction in this section as well as the extension and application of reconstruction design ,program of lakes road, this paper proposed flexible base pavement program, semi-rigid asphalt pavement structure program and rigid base asphalt pavement structure program, and explored the three overlay structure programs.%根据湖北湖区当地气候条件,交通状况等因素,针对该路段沥青路面维修改造的现状,以及改造设计方案在湖区道路中有推广应用,分别提出了柔性基层沥青路面结构方案、半刚性基层沥青路面结构方案和刚性基层沥青路面结构方案,并对三种加铺结构方案加以探讨.

  3. Research on Design of Reconstruction Structure of Trunk Highway Asphalt Pavement in Central South China%中南地区干线公路沥青路面改建结构设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明

    2014-01-01

    According to the weather conditions, traffic conditions and other factors of central south China, the present situation for the sections of asphalt pavement maintenance and transformation, proposed flexible base pavement pro-gram and semi-rigid asphalt pavement structure program, on the design methods of asphalt pavement in china, AASHTO and software of BISAR, calculation and analysis of the program of overlay structure.%根据中南湖区当地气候条件及交通状况等因素,针对该路段沥青路面维修改造的现状,提出了柔性基层沥青路面结构方案和半刚性基层沥青路面结构方案,采用我国沥青路面设计方法、AASHTO设计方法和BISAR软件对路面加铺结构方案进行计算和分析。

  4. 广东省柔性基层沥青路面设计弯沉计算参数研究%Study on Calculation Parameters of Design Deflection for Asphalt Pavement with Flexible Base in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄博彦; 王钊

    2012-01-01

    Through analyzing origin of actual design deflection calculation formula in specification for design of highway asphalt pavement and their applications in Guangdong Province, being combined with highway condition data of several highway asphalt pavement constructed earliest, study on calculation parameters of design deflec- tion for asphalt pavement with flexible base is conducted and the formula of asphalt pavement design deflection calculation is calibrated. By means of mechanically analyzing total thickness of flexible base and condition of flexural tensile stress in coarse bottom of semi-rigid base, composite base and flexible base pavement which are commonly used in Guangdong Province, the applicable situation for different values of deflection calculation pa- rameters is put forward.%通过分析现行沥青路面设计规范中设计弯沉计算公式的由来及在广东省的适用情况,结合广东省最早修建的几条高速公路沥青路面的路况资料,对柔性基层沥青路面设计弯沉相关计算参数进行了研究,标定了沥青路面设计弯沉计算公式。此外,通过力学分析计算广东省内常见的半刚性、组合式及柔性路面结构中柔性层的总厚度及层底弯拉应力的受力状况,提出了弯沉计算参数不同取值的适用条件。

  5. Study on Road Performance of Rubber Asphalt Semi-flexible Pavement Compound Material%橡胶沥青半柔性复合路面材料路用性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄芳

    2015-01-01

    橡胶沥青半柔性复合路面材料是将水泥胶浆灌入到开级配母体橡胶沥清混合料的空隙中而形成的新型路面材料。灌浆率是影响橡胶沥青半柔性复合路面材料的重要因素,本文重点研究了试件的成型与灌浆方法,并通过对不同空隙率下的路用性能进行试验研究经综合分析得出:该路面材料具有非常优越的高温性能,良好的低温性能和水稳性,为橡胶沥青半柔性复合路面结构的推广应用提供重要的参考依据。%Rubber asphalt semi-flexible pavement compound material is poured cement mortar to the open-graded matrix r ubber asphalt mixture and formed new pavement material.Filling rate is an important factor for rubber asphalt semi -flexible pavement materials,the pa-per focuses on forming and filling method of specimen,and by way of different porosity were tested under study by a comprehensive analysis of performance results:the pavement material has very excellent high temperature performance,and good low temperature performance and water stability,Providing an important reference for the promotion and application of rubber asphalt semi-flexible compound pavement structure.

  6. 高寒地区沥青路面设计%Asphalt Pavement Design in High Latitudeand Cold Regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程军勤

    2015-01-01

    Combining with the development of highway pavement and key factors in pavement design,the selection of pavement structural layers in high latitude and cold regions is discussed in this paper,which can be seen as preference to similar projects.%从青海省公路路面设计的发展及设计中的关键要素等方面入手,探讨了高寒地区路面各结构层的选择,为同类地区的路面设计提供参考。

  7. 沥青路面就地热再生列车应用研究%Investigation of Application Effect of Hot In-place Recycling Equipment for Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马涛; 李春雷; 张建; 黄晓明

    2011-01-01

    为进一步提高就地热再生技术在沥青路面快速养护维修中的应用效果,结合室内试验与实际工程,对RM型就地热再生列车的间歇式热辐射加热墙和液压气动式耙松设备的施工效果进行了研究.分析表明,相对于传统的加热方式,加热墙能快速均匀地加热路面,且不进一步老化原路面沥青;耙松齿能快速均匀地翻松加热后路面,且保持原材料级配不变;经RM热再生列车再生施工后的沥青混合料及路面具有良好的路用性能,且具有优良的层间黏结,提高了施工质量,延长了再生沥青路面使用寿命.%To reduce the limitation of equipment on hot in-place recycling technology application and improve the application effect of hot in-place recycling technology in asphalt pavement maintenance, the application effect of two key equipments of hot in-place recycling train, the Intermittent Heating Wall (IHW) and the Hydropneumatic Scarifying Device ( HSD ), are investigated based on theoretical analysis, laboratory tests and field tests. And the construction effect and quality of the hot in-place recycling train are evaluated based on laboratory performance tests of recycling asphalt mixture and field performance tests of testing roads. The results indicate that compared with the traditional heating device, the IHW can heat the asphalt pavement faster and more uniformly without further aging the asphalt binder of pavement; compared with the traditional milling device, the HSD can scarify the heated pavement faster and more uniformly without changing the original aggregate gradation of pavement; and finally, the recycling asphalt mixture and pavement produced by the hot inplace recycling train have good road performance and interlaminar bonding. Therefore, the improved hot in-place recycling train is proved to be promising in hot in-place recycling pavement with good construction quality and service life.

  8. Research on elastic modulus backcalculation of asphalt course using BP artificial neural network based on surface deflection basin of pavement%基于路表弯沉盆的BP人工神经网络反演沥青面层弹性模量研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨国良; 钟雯; 黄晓韵; 梁思敏; 何慧慧; 陈家驹

    2015-01-01

    Based on layered elastic theory,the elastic modulus of asphalt course in asphalt pavement was predicted using BP artificial neural network.According to the types of pavement structure in common use,the database of surface deflections with their corresponding structural parameters of asphalt course based on layered elastic theory was established.The elastic modulus backcalculation model of asphalt course in asphalt pavement was developed using BP artificial neural network to predict.The predictive results of asphalt course elastic modulus backcalculation using theoretical deflection basin and measured deflection basin indicate that the elastic modulus backcalculation model of asphalt course in asphalt pavement is of good predictive accuracy and reliability.It would provide the references with the elastic modulus backcalculation model of asphalt course to accurately and quickly estimate the conditions of asphalt course in asphalt pavement.%基于层状弹性体系理论,建立BP人工神经网络反演沥青路面沥青面层弹性模量预测模型,利用BP人工神经网络预测沥青路面沥青面层弹性模量.理论弯沉盆和实测弯沉盆反演沥青面层弹性模量的结果表明,建立的BP人工神经网络反演沥青路面沥青面层弹性模量模型具有良好的预测精度和可靠性,为评价沥青路面的沥青面层性能状况提供了参考.

  9. Research on Fatigue Properties of Asphalt Pavement on Mix Base%混合式基层沥青路面的疲劳特性分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭宏图

    2013-01-01

    According to the 06 standard design methods,AASHTO experiment methods and actual interlayer bonding state,the fatigue properties of three different bituminous pavements of composite base are analyzed in this paper.The results reveal that with the same thickness,the mixed asphalt pavement has a better fatigue life than the semi-rigid base AC pavement.For the purpose of analyzing the sensitivity of the fatigue property,the thickness of the pavement and modulus of graded gravel are also taken into account in three different asphalt pavements of composite.%采用了06版规范方法、考虑实际层间粘接状态的规范方法以及AASH00经验方法对3种类型的混合式基层沥青路面的疲劳特性进行了分析研究,得出了相同厚度的混合式基层沥青路面比半刚性基层沥青路面具有更长的疲劳寿命的结论.并对不同结构层厚度、级配碎石模量对3种类型的混合式基层沥青路面的疲劳特性的敏感性进行了分析.

  10. 水泥路面板再生集料基层沥青路面性能预测%Performance Prediction of Recycled Cement Aggregates to Asphalt Pavement Roadbase

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金荣

    2012-01-01

    通过室内试验分析了旧水泥路面板再生集料的技术指标,获取再生集料半刚性基层相关性能.研究结果表明旧水泥路面板再生集料具有良好的路用性能.在此基础上,笔者运用路面设计软件AASHTO 2002 M-E PDG对再生集料半刚性基层沥青路面进行性能预测,讨论新建沥青路面结构组合的可行性,从而为实际工程应用提供理论依据.%The related property of semi-rigid base constructed by recycled aggregates is obtainable through the analysis of the technical indicators on recycled aggregates of the old cement concrete pavement by experiment. The result indicates that the recycled aggregates of old cement concrete pavement remains excellent road performance. And on that basis, with the pavement design software AASHTO 2002 M-E PDG the performance of seme-rigid base asphalt pavement using the material of recycled aggregates is predicted. Moreover, the feasibility of structural composition of new asphalt pavement with an old one has also been discussed which could offer the theory support for the practical engineering application.

  11. 不同类型基层沥青路面设计指标的控制%Control of designing indices for asphalt pavement with different types of base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳红; 申爱琴; 郭寅川; 王学礼; 冯亚军

    2011-01-01

    Based on the reconstruction and extension project of Xitong expressway, the fatigue and breakage forms of semi-rigid asphalt pavement, compound base asphalt pavement and flexible base asphalt pavement were analyzed and the corresponding design parameter system was established separately. The sensibility of the materials parameter as the mechanical responses was analyzed using Shell designing software Bisar3. 0, which verified the rationality of pavement designing indices from the point of stress balance. The results show that taking flexible strain and surface shear stress as designing indices for flexible pavement could keep the modulus value of semi-rigid base in proper range. Taking flexible stress of base and shear stress of base as designing indices for semi-rigid pavement and compound pavement could constraint the modulus value of semi-rigid base. The introduction of shearing stress is particularly necessary for asphalt pavement design because it can seriously affect material parameters and help optimize both the structure and material design. 9 tabs, 6 figs, 10 refs.%以西安-铜川高速公路改扩建工程为依托,分析半刚性基层沥青路面、复合式基层沥青路面及柔性基层沥青路面的破坏形式,并建立与之相对应的设计指标体系.采用壳牌计算软件Bisar3.0分析材料参数对路面力学响应的敏感性,从路面受力均衡角度验证各类沥青路面设计指标的合理性.结果表明:对柔性路面采取弯拉应变与面层剪应力指标进行双控,可实现基层模量的合理取值;半刚性路面与复合式路面采取基层拉应力与面层剪应力指标进行双控,可对半刚性基层模量起到牵制作用;沥青路面设计增加抗剪指标尤为必要,可对材料参数起到制约作用,实现结构设计与材料设计的双重优化.

  12. 沥青公路路面病害及其养护探讨%Discussion on the Distress and Maintenance of Asphalt Pavement Surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许锋雷; 缪定武

    2013-01-01

      近年来由于车辆超载、水毁、养护管理不善的原因,部分沥青路面出现开裂、泛油、剥落、车辙等破损情况,致使公路行驶质量降低,直接影响了车辆的正常运行和公民的生命财产安全。因此,本文结合当前我国沥青公路的现状,分析并探讨对其的养护。%In recent years, due to overloading of vehicles da-maged, be damaged by flood, not good at maintenance manag-ement, part of the asphalt pavement appeared the damages of cracking, bleeding, spal ing, rut ing damage, resulting in redu-ced the quality of road, directly affects the normal operation of vehicle and safety of the lives and property of citizens. Theref-ore, based on the current situation of China's asphalt road, this paper analyzes and discusses its maintenance.

  13. Potential for Potable Water Savings in Buildings by Using Stormwater Harvested from Porous Pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Niehuns Antunes

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available There is a growing concern about the scarcity of water resources due to population growth and increased demand for potable water. Thus, the rational use of water has become necessary for the conservation of such resources. The objective of this study is to estimate the potential for potable water savings in buildings of different sectors—residential, public and commercial—in the city of Florianópolis, southern Brazil, by using stormwater harvested from porous pavements. Models were constructed to assess infiltration and rainwater quality; samples of stormwater from a local road were collected to evaluate its quality; and computer simulation was performed to assess the potential for potable water savings and rainwater tank sizing. Draining asphalt concrete slabs with two types of modifiers were used, i.e., tire rubber and SBS polymer—styrene-butadiene-styrene. The Netuno computer programme was used to simulate the potential for potable water savings considering the use of rainwater for non-potable uses such as flushing toilets and urinals, cleaning external areas, and garden watering. Average stormwater infiltration was 85.4%. It was observed that stormwater is not completely pure. From the models, the pH was 5.4 and the concentrations of ammonia, phosphorus, nitrite, and dissolved oxygen were 0.41, 0.14, 0.002, and 9.0 mg/L, respectively. The results for the stormwater runoff of a paved road were 0.23, 0.11, 0.12, 0.08, 1.41, 2.11, 0.02, and 9.0 mg/L for the parameters aluminium, ammonia, copper, chromium, iron, phosphorus, nitrite, and dissolved oxygen, respectively; and the pH was 6.7. In the city of Florianópolis, which has a surface area of paved roads of approximately 11,044,216 m², the potential for potable water savings ranged from 1.2% to 19.4% in the residential sector, 2.1% to 75.7% in the public sector and 6.5% to 70.0% in the commercial sector.

  14. 柔性基层沥青路面与组合式沥青路面层底拉应力分析%The bottom layer tensile stress analysis of flexible base asphalt pavement and combined asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜凤连

    2014-01-01

    对两种典型路面结构层层底拉应力进行对比,分析了基层厚度变化对各层层底拉应力的影响,得出两种路面结构层层底拉应力变化规律,根据其变化规律来选择路面结构材料。%In this paper,two kinds of typical pavement structure layers tensile stress of bottom layer were,the analysis of the impact of the thickness variation on tensile stress of bottom layer.We obtain two kinds of change regulation of pavement structure layers tensile stress of bottom layer, and choose the materials of pavement structure according to the change regulation.

  15. Evaluating permanent deformation in asphalt rubber mixtures

    OpenAIRE

    Fontes, Liseane P. T. L.; Trichês, Glicério; Pais, Jorge C.; Pereira, Paulo A. A.

    2009-01-01

    Permanent deformation or rutting, one of the most important distresses inflexible pavements, has long been a problem in asphalt mixtures. Throughout the years, researchers have used different test methods lo estimate the performance of asphalt mixtures in relation to rutting. One of the alternatives to reduce permanent deformation in asphalt pavement layers is through the use of mixtures produced with asphalt rubber This work aims at comparing the performance of a conventional dense graded mi...

  16. 轴距对柔性基层沥青路面轴数系数的影响研究%Influence of wheelbase parameters on Equivalent Axle-number Coefficient of Asphalt Pavement with flexibility Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康荣根

    2014-01-01

    应用弹性层状体系理论计算程序,考虑轴距变化的影响,计算柔性基层沥青路面轴载换算公式中的轴数系数。针对典型柔性基层沥青路面结构组成,以路表最大弯沉为验算指标,计算并总结归纳出适合柔性基层沥青路面典型结构的轴数系数。%By use of program based on layer-elastic theory,with wheelbase parameters,the axle-number coefficient in the axle-load conversion formula for semi-rigid asphalt pavement is calculated .Through analyzing the results, the axle-number coeffi cient in Asphalt Pavement with fl exibility Base is concluded.

  17. 混合式基层沥青路面结构应力、应变特性及经济性分析%Mechanical 、Economic and Budget Analysis of Asphalt Pavement Structure on Mix Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭红卫; 蒋功雪; 朱沅峰

    2012-01-01

    Based on asphalt pavement design theory and criterions in China, five asphalt structures are put out, including three mix base pavement structures, one typical semi-rigid base pavement structure and one typical flexible base pavement structure. For contract study, different pavement structures were selected with various combinations of modulus and Poisson ratio, but the total thickness is same for comparative analysis. The stress-strain at different depth in asphalt layer is calculated by using BISAR program. The data analysis is carried out for the maximum tensile stress, and the maximum strain of asphalt layer, and the maximum compressive strain on top of sub grade, deflection on asphalt surface. And budget basis price for base is contrasted too. The data analysis results show that the mix base asphalt pavement structures can be designed to get better pavement mechanical performance than typical semi-rigid base and typical flexible base asphalt pavement structures, while the price is higher than semi-rigid base. If thinking over fatigue life, the cost performance for mix base of upper base with asphalt stabilized macadam is the best. This gives out the important reference for widespread the mix base in future.%基于我国沥青路面设计理论及标准,拟定了3种混合式基层、一种典型半刚性基层与一种典型柔性基层共5种沥青路面结构,利用BISAR3.0程序对5种结构进行力学计算分析.主要针对5种路面结构的沥青层内最大拉应力、最大拉应变、路基顶面压应变、路表弯沉等力学指标进行深入对比分析,并根据疲劳寿命对各类基层进行了经济性分析.数据分析结果表明:通过合理的设计,混合式基层结构在力学性能上可以较典型半刚性基层和柔性基层结构更加优秀,虽然从单价上来讲,经济性能上不如半刚性基层,但考虑路面疲劳寿命性价的话,采用沥青稳定碎石作为上基层的混合式基层可以优于半刚性基

  18. 沥青混凝土道面反射裂缝的防治与预控%On prevention and pre-control of reflection cracks of asphalt concrete pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江红义

    2012-01-01

    Combining with the work practice, the paper analyzes the formation mechanism and reasons for the reflection cracks on the asphalt concrete pavement, points out the pre-control measures and treatment methods for the reflection cracks, and proves by the engineering example that the application of the prevention technique can reduce the reflection cracks and enhance the stability of the asphalt concrete pavement.%结合工作实践,分析了沥青混凝土道面反射裂缝的产生机理及产生原因,提出了反射裂缝的预控措施和治理方法,通过工程实例证明该防治技术的应用减少了反射裂缝,增强了沥青混凝土面层的稳定性。

  19. Application of Cold In-place Recycling Technology with Stabilized Cement to Asphalt Pavement%浅谈沥青路面水泥稳定就地冷再生技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周松涛

    2013-01-01

    With the national and provincial trunk highways gradually transforming by the new construction project for the renovation, expansion and overhaul project, the maintenance and utilization program of original asphalt pavement becomes the key issues in the road reconstruction process. This paper introduced the application of cold in-place recycling technology with stabilized cement to the old asphalt pavement treatment with project instance.%  随着国省干线公路由新建工程逐渐转变为改扩建及大修工程,原有沥青路面的维修与利用方案成为道路改建过程中的关键问题,本文结合工程实例介绍了水泥稳定就地冷再生技术在对旧沥青路面进行处理中的应用。

  20. Application of hot in-place recycling technology of asphalt pavements in road construction%沥青路面现场热再生技术在道路施工中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵会君

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduced the application of hot in-place recycling technology of asphalt pavements in road construction, specifically elaborated the construction technology and operation points of hot in-place recycling technology of asphalt pavements, analy%介绍了沥青路面现场热再生技术在道路施工过程中的应用,具体阐述了沥青路面现场热再生施工工艺及操作要点,并分析指出了沥青路面现场热再生的技术优势及其社会经济效益,以期促进该技术的大力推广应用。

  1. How to Do Well the Management and Quality Control of Asphalt Pavement Construction%浅谈如何做好沥青路面施工管理与质量控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱成兵

    2013-01-01

    In highway and urban road construction, technology management of asphalt pavement construction is very important. For asphalt pavement construction management, quality control is the problem need to address for construction technology managers. This article discussed this problem for informational purposes only.%  在公路与市政道路建设施工中,进行沥青路面的施工技术管理是非常重要的工作。如何进行沥青路面施工管理,做好质量控制工作一直是施工技术管理人员需要解决的问题,本文就以上问题进行了探讨,仅供参考。

  2. Influence and prevention measures caused by soft foundation on asphalt pavement%软地基对沥青路面造成的影响及防治措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武强

    2011-01-01

    This paper briefly introduced the composition of soft soil,harm of soft soil foundation,on the basis of summarizing the construction points of asphalt pavement analysed the causes of asphalt pavement damage,put forward the corresponding treatment principle and preventive measures,so as to make the city road construction quality comprehensive improvement.%简单介绍了软土的组成、软土地基的危害,在归纳沥青路面施工要点的基础上分析了沥青路面病害成因,提出了相应的处理原则和防治措施,从而使城市道路建设质量全面提高。

  3. The Grey-System-Based Prediction of the Service Performance of Asphalt Pavement of Expressways%基于灰色系统的高速公路沥青路面综合使用性能预测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范喜安

    2012-01-01

    以京沪高速公路(河北段)沥青路面使用性能评价为例进行研究。分析了影响沥青路面使用性能的主要因素。选取了2007-2011年路面使用性能各项指标数据和交通量,建立了GM(1,N)模型,预测了京沪高速公路(河北段)2012~2016年沥青路面使用性能各分项指标,误差检验表明,预测精度较高。通过预防性养护前沥青路面单项指标衰变曲线分析,得到了沥青路面综合使用性能指标,为确定预防性养护时机提供了依据。%With the performance-evaluation of the asphalt pavement of the Hebei Section of the Beiiing-Shanghai Expressway as a practical example, the main factors affecting the performance of asphalt pavement are analyzed ia the paper. With the various service performance targets and the traffic volume of the pavement built during 2007-2011 chosen, a GM (1, N) model is estab- lished to forecast all the classified targets of the service performance of the asphalt pavement of the Hebei Section of the Beijing- Shanghai Expressway. The error tests show that the accuracy of the forecast is quite high. Through the analysis of the decay curve of a single target of the asphalt pavement prior to the preventive curing, the comprehensive service performance targets of the asphalt pavement are obtained. The paper provides the basis, upon which the right time forthe preventive curing may be determined.

  4. Weight Research on Pavement Performances of Asphalt Mixture Based on Comparative Matrix Method%基于比较矩阵法的沥青混合料路用性能权重研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和世明

    2012-01-01

    在评价沥青混合料的路用性能这一矛盾体时,权重是一关键因素,对方案优选起重要作用。如何相对客观地确定权重是评价模型中一个非常关键的问题。通过沥青混合料各路用性能的预估寿命这一相对客观的指标,结合比较矩阵法建立了权重模型,分别求取了沥青各面层各路用性能的权重。通过分析各路用性能的权重,可进一步指导各面层的沥青混合料的设计。%In case of assessment of the contradictory pavement performances of asphalt mixture,weight is the key factor playing important role in optimization of programme.How to confirm the weight objectively is very important for assessment model.By means of a comparative objective index,the estimated life of pavement performances of asphalt mixture and in combination with comparative matrix,the weight model is established to seek the weight of pavement performances of various asphalt layers.Through the analysis of pavement performances'weight,the design of asphalt mixture for various layers can be further guided.

  5. Study on Asphalt Pavement Fatigue-Damage with Forecasting Axial Load Spectrum%按预测轴载谱分析沥青路面的疲劳损伤

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马林; 葛折圣; 胡晓倩; 黄明波

    2011-01-01

    现行《公路沥青路面设计规范》(JTGG D50-2006)轴载等效换算方法难以反映超载、重载交通对路面结构的影响.结构层参数取值未考虑结构层在疲劳过程中的材料损伤,是重载交通沥青路面出现早期破坏的原因之一.采用预测轴载谱和Miner法则,计算分析了路面结构的疲劳损伤累积过程,并考虑不同使用阶段路面基层模量衰减对路面结构损伤进程的影响.结果表明,半刚性基层厚沥青面层路面结构的疲劳损伤累积进程明显优于目前国内较典型的半刚性基层沥青路面结构.研究结果为重载交通沥青路面结构设计指明了方向.%In Specifications for Design of Highway Asphalt Pavement (JTG D50-2006), the method of Equivalent Axle Loads could not reflect the influence on pavement structure by overload and heavy-load transportation. And the parameter of structural layers was no considering the material damage in the process of fatigue. It is one of the reasons why asphalt pavement is damaged early. The fatigue-damage accumulation in pavement structure was analyzed by using the forecasting axle load spectrum and Miner law. And the parameter of structural layers attenuated while the material damage in the process of fatigue. The results show that the fatigue damage accumulation process of semi-rigid base total thickness asphalt pavement structure is significantly better than the current domestic typical semi-rigid bituminous pavement structure. So this research results can help the development of structure design of heave-load asphalt pavement.

  6. Water stability analysis of different grade rubber asphalt pavements%不同等级路面下橡胶沥青混合料水稳定性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    In order to investigate the water stability of asphalt mixture under different levels of pavement,the AC-13 continuous graded asphalt concrete is replaced by the rubber particles.The stability of water in the first stage and the low grade pavement was studied by means of freezing and thawing split test.It is concluded that the suitable rub-ber particles can effectively reduce the splitting strength of asphalt mixture after freez-ing and thawing cycles.The void fraction of rubber asphalt mixture is higher than that of common asphalt mixture,and the splitting tensile strength is slightly less than that of the common asphalt mixture.The anti water performance of rubber asphalt mixture can meet the technical requirements of the first grade pavement engineering,and the in-crease of fine aggregate can improve the anti water performance of low grade pavement.%为探讨不同等级路面条件下橡胶沥青混合料的水稳定性能,以橡胶颗粒等质量取代AC-13连续级配沥青混凝土内的部分集料,通过冻融劈裂试验,对其在不同等级路面的水稳定性进行了研究.研究结果表明:掺入适宜的橡胶颗粒能有效减缓沥青混合料冻融循环后的劈裂强度损害.橡胶沥青混合料的空隙率大于普通沥青混合料的,其劈裂抗拉强度略小于普通沥青混合料的,且橡胶颗粒的粒径和掺量对其影响也非常明显.橡胶沥青混合料的抗水性能满足一级路面工程的技术要求.而低等级路面中,增加细集料能够改善其抗水性能.

  7. Design and Performance of Hot Mix Asphalts with High Percentages of Reclaimed Asphalt: Approach followed in the Paramix Project

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez, F; Rodriguez, M.; De Visscher, J.; Vanelstraete, A.; Bock, L.

    2004-01-01

    The use of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RA) in new asphalt pavements can provide important economical savings, while reducing the negative environmental impact. The European research project PARAMIX aims to improve the techniques for hot mix recycling in plant and cold mix in situ recycling, so as to increase the amount of reclaimed asphalt and develop competitive road pavement rehabilitation techniques. This paper deals with the design of hot mix asphalts for the project. The di...

  8. Maintenance of Vinyl Asbestos and Asphalt Tile Floors in Institutional, Industrial and Commercial Buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asphalt and Vinyl Asbestos Tile Inst., New York, NY.

    The claim is made that proper planning and modest outlays of time, labor, and material costs can provide and maintain a high appearance level for floors in institutional, commercial, and industrial buildings. Instructions for four basic steps in maintaining the good looks of vinyl asbestos and asphalt tile floors are treated in the booklet--(1)…

  9. 高等级公路沥青路面预防性养护措施优选研究%Study on preventive maintenance measures of high-grade highway asphalt pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐俊峰

    2015-01-01

    介绍了高等级公路沥青路面预防性养护技术,阐述了高等级公路由以往的建设为主,发展成为建设与养护并重的新模式,对高等级公路沥青路面预防性养护技术中常见的问题进行了论述,指出只有搞好沥青路面的预防性养护工作,才能有效的延长高等级公路的使用寿命。%The paper introduces preventive maintenance technology of high-grade highway asphalt pavement,describes new mode of combining development construction and maintenance replacing construction orientation,discusses common preventive maintenance technology problems of high-grade highway asphalt pavement,and finally points out that:only through improving preventive maintenance of asphalt pavement,can we ef-fectively prolong high-grade highway service life.

  10. A review of asphalt and asphalt mixture aging

    OpenAIRE

    Wilmar Darío Fernández-Gómez; Hugo Alexander Rondón Quintana; Fredy Reyes-Lizcano

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an extensive review of the pertinent literature regarding asphalt and asphalt mixture Aging. Aging affects flexible pavement performance and is produced by intrinsic and extrinsic variables as well as exposure time. Intrinsic variables include asphalt and aggregate properties, a mixture’s asphalt content, binder film thickness and air void content; extrinsic variables are associated with production (short-term aging) and exposure to environmental field conditions (long-ter...

  11. The application of pouring asphalt steel deck pavement construction method in suspension bridge%浇筑式沥青钢桥面铺装工法在悬索桥中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李逢源

    2014-01-01

    This paper compared and analyzed the thermoset materials,asphalt materials,composite materials three kinds of steel deck pavement schemes,combining with the pavement case of Nanjing Yangtze River four bridge,mainly discussed the pavement method of composite pouring asphalt steel deck,the practice proved that the method ensured the back resistance and fatigue resistance of pavement structure,not only im-proved the construction quality,also shorten the construction period.%对热固性材料、沥青类材料、组合类材料三类钢桥面铺装方案进行了对比分析,结合南京长江四桥的铺装案例,主要对复合浇筑式沥青钢桥面的铺装工法进行了论述,实践证明该工法确保了铺装结构的追随性与抗疲劳性,既提高了施工质量,又缩短了工期。

  12. 基于非线性疲劳损伤特性的沥青路面形变规律%Deformation Regularity of Asphalt Pavement Based on Nonlinear Fatigue Damage Characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙志林; 黄晓明

    2012-01-01

    In order to study the fatigue damage characteristic and deformation regularity of asphalt pavement under vehicle load, by using the general finite element software ABAQUS and the secondary development platform, an asphalt pavement numerical model which considers pavement material nonlinear fatigue damage was established to analyze the spatial distribution/evolution of asphalt pavement structure damages, the spatial distribution/evolution of asphalt pavement structure horizontal normal strains, and the evolution of pavement surface deflection varying with loads under repeated vehicle load. The results show that (1) The pavement structural damage mainly distributes in a specific damage zone located at the bottom of the layer along the middle line between the double wheels. With the increasing of load cycles, the damage degrees at the bottom of the base layer and the sub-base layer increase, and the rate of which gradually increases. (2) The horizontal tensile strain close to the bottom of the pavement layer increases, the rate of which gradually increases, and neutral axis moves upward. (3) The deflection of pavement surface increases with the increase of load cycles, and the rate of which increases gradually. The regularity is in agreement with related measured results. The results can provide a theoretical support for asphalt pavement structure design, maintenance and prediction of the long-term performance.%为了研究沥青路面结构在车辆荷载作用下的疲劳损伤演化特性,并分析其形变规律,运用通用有限元软件ABAQUS及其二次开发平台,建立考虑路面材料非线性疲劳损伤的沥青路面结构数值计算模型,分析沥青路面结构在车辆荷载反复作用下路面结构损伤和路面结构水平正应变的空间分布及演化规律,以及路表弯沉随荷载作用的演变规律.结果表明:路面结构损伤主要分布在双轮中心线下靠近层底的区域,基层层底与底基层层底损伤度随荷载

  13. Linear Fatigue Damage Characteristics and Stress Evolution Regularity of Asphalt Pavement%沥青路面线性疲劳损伤特性及应力状态演变规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙志林; 黄晓明

    2012-01-01

    In order to study the fatigue damage characteristics and stress evolution regularity of asphalt pavement under vehicle load, by using general finite element software ABAQUS and the secondary development platform, a numerical model of asphalt pavement considering pavement material linear fatigue damage was established to analyze the spatial distribution and evolution of asphalt pavement structure damage under repeat vehicle loads, and to analyze the horizontal normal stress within the pavement structure. The results show that (1) The pavement structural damage mainly distributes in a specific damage zone located near the bottom of the layer along the middle line between the double wheels. With an increasing of the load cycles, the damage degree at the bottom of the base layer and thft sub-base layer increases, but the rate of which gradually decreases. (2) The horizontal tensile stress in the specific damage zone of a pavement structure considering damage is less than that of the pavement structure without considering damage. Simultaneously, this horizontal tensile stress gradually decreases, and the rate of which also decreases with the increase of load cycles. The results can be used to judge the failure region and degree of the asphalt pavement under maintenance, and to determine the design index of the asphalt pavement design research.%为了研究沥青路面结构在车辆荷栽作用下的疲劳损伤演化特性及应力状态演变规律,运用通用有限元软件ABAQUS及二次开发平台,建立考虑路面材料线性疲劳损伤的沥青路面结构数值计算模型,分析沥青路面结构在车辆荷载反复作用下路面结构损伤以及路面结构内部水平正应力的空间分布与演化规律.结果表明:路面结构损伤主要分布在双轮中心线下靠近层底的区域,随着荷载作用次数增加,基层层底与底基层层底损伤度均增加,但增加幅度逐渐减小;双轮中心线下靠近层底区域,考虑损伤的

  14. Study on Pavement Performance of Rubber Asphalt Prepared with Diesel Activated Rubber Powder%柴油活化橡胶粉制备橡胶沥青路用性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何东坡; 王浩

    2013-01-01

    In order to improve modification effect of rubber powder on asphalt and reduce its influence on original asphalt component, diesel is used as addition agent to activate rubber powder and then the pavement performance of diesel activated rubber asphalt is studied and compared to that of ordinary rubber asphalt. Then the mass ratio of rubber powder to diesel is confirmed to be 2: 1 and the base asphalt is Daqing AH-#90. The result shows that the law on how the diameter and content of the powder affecting the performance of activated rubber asphalt is the same as that on ordinary rubber asphalt; both the high-temperature behavior and elastic recovery performance of diesel activated rubber asphalt is inferior to those of ordinary one but both the low-temperature behavior and construction performance is superior.%为提高橡胶粉对沥青的改性效果,减少橡胶粉对原状沥青组分的影响,采用助剂柴油活化处理橡胶粉,研究了柴油活化橡胶沥青的路用性能,并与普通橡胶沥青的相关性能进行对比.确定了橡胶粉与柴油的质量比为2:1,基质沥青为黑龙江大庆AH-#90.结果表明:胶粉粒径、胶粉掺量对活化橡胶沥青性能的影响规律与普通橡胶沥青一样,柴油活化橡胶沥青的高温性能和弹性恢复性能不如普通橡胶沥青,低温性能和施工性能好于普通橡胶沥青.

  15. Analysis of asphalt pavements with flexible base using viscoelastic three-dimensional finite element method%柔性基层沥青路面结构粘弹性三维有限元分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈诚诚; 刘俊卿; 王保实; 李倩

    2015-01-01

    以沈大高速公路沈鞍段路面结构为例,在温度变化时考虑沥青混合料粘弹性影响,建立了柔性基层沥青路面温度场疲劳断裂模型,借用三维有限元实现交通荷载及温度荷载耦合作用下路面结构的动力特性. 研究多场耦合作用下柔性基层沥青路面结构的破坏行为. 研究表明:荷载在移动过程中剪切型应力强度因子对路面开裂起控制作用;降温时张开型应力强度因子是沥青路面开裂破坏的主要因素;对柔性基层沥青路面结构考虑变温和交通荷载耦合作用下的疲劳寿命预估,结果显示,该方法与实际更为接近.%Taking the pavement structure of Shen-An period in Shen-Da highway as the example and considering the asphalt mixture viscoelasticity when temperature changed, the fatigue fracture model of flexible base asphalt pavement in temperature field was established. Then using the three dimensional finite element technology, the dynamic properties of the pavement structure under the coupling action of the traffic and temperature load were achieved and the destructive action of flexible base asphalt pavement was also analyzed under the action of multiple field coupling. The study showed that in the process of pavement cracking, the shear stress intensity factor played a control role as the load moved and the opening mode stress intensity factor was the critical role as the temperature felled. Predicting the fatigue life of flexible base asphalt pavement by considering the coupling action of the traffic and temperature load,the result showed this method was almost completely approaching the reality.

  16. 考虑轮迹横向分布的沥青路面疲劳寿命修正系数%Correcting factor of asphalt pavement fatigue life considering wheel-path lateral distribution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董忠红; 吕彭民

    2011-01-01

    To study the influence of the wheel-path lateral distribution on the fatigue life of the asphalt pavement,some dynamic strain sensors were buried at the bottom of the AC layer during construction,and the lateral distribution of the dynamic response of the semi-rigid base asphalt pavement was studied.Comprehensively considering the influences of the wheel-path lateral distribution and the dynamic response lateral distribution,the correcting factor of fatigue life of the asphalt pavement was got.The results show that the lateral distribution of the maximum longitudinal tensile strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer shows M shape under moving wheel load,and only the destruction of the position which located within 40 cm away from the center of the double tire is need to be considered when the fatigue life of the asphalt pavement is evaluated.The lateral distribution of the lateral strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer is quite complex,and only the destruction of the position which located under the double tires is need to be considered when the fatigue life of the asphalt pavement is evaluated.The fatigue life correcting factor of the test road is 0.16,which can be referred to the semi-rigid asphalt pavement design and fatigue life evaluation.%为了研究轮迹横向分布对沥青路面结构使用寿命的影响,道路施工过程中,在沥青面层底部布置动应变传感器,研究移动荷载下半刚性基层沥青路面动力响应横向分布规律。综合考虑轮迹横向分布和路面结构动力响应横向分布,计算得到沥青路面疲劳寿命修正系数。研究结果表明:移动车轮荷载下,沥青面层底部最大纵向拉应变的横向分布呈"M"形,进行沥青路面疲劳寿命评估时,只需要考虑距双排轮胎中心40cm之内位置产生的破坏作用;沥青面层底部横向弯拉应变的横向分布比较复杂,进行疲劳寿命评估时,只需要考虑轮胎下部产生的破坏作用。试验路的

  17. Research on the structure of antifreeze asphalt pavement made from rubber particles%橡胶颗粒防冻性沥青路面结构组合研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭平; 吴德军; 田伟平; 刘雨迪; 张岁应

    2011-01-01

    为研究橡胶颗粒沥青混合料作为沥青路面不同层位与ATB、AC结构组合下沥青路面的防冻性能的变化规律,通过ANSYS有限元软件模拟冰层的受力过程,分析不同路面结构组合下的荷载响应效果.结果表明:橡胶颗粒沥青混合料作为上面层时具有较好的防冻性能;作为中面层时可明显提高路面抗车辙性能,但破冰性能降低.最后,建议采用ATB作下面层与橡胶颗粒沥青混合料作中、上面层搭配的组合结构可有效改善沥青面层的永久变形及破冰性能.%In order to study the variation of anti-freezing capability of the asphalt pavement which is made from the mixture of asphalt and rubber particles and composed of different layers and ATB/AC structure, responses of the pavement to loads were analyzed by simulating the stressed process of the ice layer with ANSYS. The results indicate that when the asphalt mixed with rubber particles was used as the surface layer, the anti-freezing capability of the pavement was enhenced. When the mixture was used as the middle layer, the anti-rutting performance could be improved significantly but the ice-breaking performance was reduced. Finally, the combination of ATB as the bottom layer and the asphalt mixture of rubber particles as the middle and surface layer is advised to be adopted,which can improve effectively the permanent deformation and ice-breaking performance.

  18. Riding Quality Model for Asphalt Pavement Monitoring Using Phase Array Type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamiya Yoshikazu

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available There are difficulties associated with near-real time or frequent pavement monitoring, because it is time consuming and costly. This study aimed to develop a binary logit model for the evaluation of highway riding quality, which could be used to monitor pavement conditions. The model was applied to investigate the influence of backscattering values of Phase Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR. Training data obtained during 3–7 May 2007 was used in the development process, together with actual international roughness index (IRI values collected along a highway in Ayutthaya province, Thailand. The analysis showed that an increase in the backscattering value in the HH or the VV polarization indicated the poor condition of the pavement surface and, of the two, the HH polarization is more suitable for developing riding quality evaluation. The model developed was applied to analyze highway number 3467, to demonstrate its capability. It was found that the assessment accuracy of the prediction of the highway level of service was 97.00%. This is a preliminary study of the proposed technique and more intensive investigation must be carried out using ALOS/PALSAR images in various seasons.

  19. Calculation of the temperature of asphalt concrete at making the joints of multilane road pavement of non-rigid type

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giyasov Botir Iminzhonovich

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The construction quality of road surface of non-rigid type essentially depend on providing the temperature regimes in the process of laying and packing of hot asphalt concrete mixtures. In order to provide the required characteristics of asphalt concrete due to the surface width it is necessary to provide the temperature regimes of hot asphalt concrete mixture in the zones of lane connection. The hot mixture is promptly cooling right after laying within several minutes, which results, according to the construction technology and the specific conditions of work production, in temperature abuse of the mixture at joints of the lanes at packing. The authors present the analysis of the technology of arranging multilane road surface by one paver with the possibility of heating the surface lane edge with the temperature of the adjacent lane. The results of the studies of the production conditions effect on the temperature of edge heating of the previously laid lanes, and the time required to achieve the maximum heating temperature depending on the relative thickness of coating layers.

  20. 积沙沥青路面抗滑性能试验研究%Experimental Study on the Skid Resistance of Asphalt Pavement with Sand Depositing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇; 高丽

    2016-01-01

    基于沙漠公路路面长期积沙的事实,在室内利用自行研制的加速磨耗仪对积沙沥青路面试件进行加速磨耗试验,测定磨耗试件的抗滑性,研究分析路面结构类型、路面积沙程度对积沙路面抗滑性能的影响。试验分析表明,在同一路面工况下,当路面积沙达到1.0kg/m2后,路面抗滑性能快速衰减;路面积沙程度由1 kg/m2增加到1.5 kg/m2后,AC-13的构造深度减少45%,SMA-13的构造深度减少17.6%,SMA-13相比于AC-13具有更强的抗滑性能。研究结果对沙漠公路的设计工作具有较好的参考和借鉴意义。%Based on the fact that the pavement of desert highway has long-term sand depositing ,this research make an accelerated wear tester to test the Specimen of asphalt pavement with sand depositing .The effects of different pavement structure types and degree of sand depositing on the skid resistance were also tested .The results shows that under the same road condition ,when the degree of sand depositing reaches 1 .0 kg/m2 ,the skid resistance reduces rapidly ;while the degree of sand depositing increases from 1 kg/m2 to 1 .5 kg/m2 ,the texture depth of AC-13 reduced by 45% ,the texture depth of SMA-13 reduced by 16 .7% ,the skid resistance of SMA-13 is better than SAC-13 .The research results can provide valuable guidance for the design of highway in desert area .

  1. Study on Asphalt Pavement Mechanical Model Based on Calibration of Measurement%基于实测验证的沥青路面力学模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白琦峰; 钱振东; 吴春颖

    2011-01-01

    The data of temperature and strain of asphalt pavement were measured. Based on comparing the calculated strains and pavement mechanical models, the pavement mechanical model and parameters which can agree with the actual pavement more closely was studied. Furthermore, the interface continuity conditions of different types of pavement and the amendment method of calculated pavement mechanical parameters was studied. It is found that (1) multi-layer elastic model using dynamic modulus is the better choice for pavement mechanical analysis; (2) as for the layers interface continuity condition, flexible pavement and combined base pavement are continuous, however semi-rigid base pavement is semi-continuous with friction coefficient of 0.65 ~ 0.75. The amendment method of calculated pavement mechanical parameters was proposed, and the correlation coefficient between the measured and the calculated values is about 0.9 accordingly.%实测不同路面结构温度、应变数据,与不同路面力学模型、参数的计算结果对比,研究与路面实际受力更为相符的力学模型和材料力学参数.对不同路面结构的层间连续状态进行分析,并研究了路面力学指标计算结果的修正方案.结果表明:基于动态模量的弹性层状体系更适于路面力学分析;力学模型中柔性路面、组合式基层沥青路面层间状态可假设为连续,半刚性基层与沥青面层间合适的摩擦系数为0.65~0.75;提出了力学理论计算指标向实测结果修正的方法,按此修正,不同路面结构的力学分析结果与实测结果的相关系数可达到0.9.

  2. On the Cold In-place Recycling of Asphalt Concrete Pavement%浅谈沥青混凝土路面现场冷再生技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方建明

    2009-01-01

    In the recovery work of Highway Tongeheng-Zhongyang that was damaged after heavy snow, the technique of cold in-place recycling of asphalt concrete pavement to make the new base was applied. Practice indicates that the quality of the new base meet all technical requirement. The article discusses this technique in terms of censtructinn preparation, construction process and test after coastruetinn.%文章介绍桐城至枞阳段雪灾后恢复项目养护工程中冷再生沥青混凝土基层施工,主要从沥青路面现场冷再生施工准备、施工程序、施工后检测的情况,讨论了沥青路面现场冷再生施工技术,实践证明,其冷再生沥青混凝土基层施工质量达到新建基层的各项技术标准.

  3. Research on Effect of Recycled Materials on Properties of Cementing Material of Aging Asphalt Pavement%再生材料对旧沥青路面胶结料的再生性能影响研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴正光; 陈娟; 康爱红; 黄铭

    2015-01-01

    To analyze effect of different materials on properties of aging asphalt, different aging degree of reclaimed asphalt pavements were chosen to obtain the aging asphalt, new asphalt material and two kinds of viscosity grade of regenerant was added to aging asphalt to make recycled asphalt, based on the analysis of change rule of viscosity and penetration index on recycled asphalt, to compare the effect of different regeneration methods. The results show that new asphalt materials can ’ t improve recycled performance of aging asphalt well, regeneration agent on the improvement of the old asphalt performance is far superior to the new asphalt; low viscosity of regenerant can better restore penetration index of old asphalt, but for the low aging of old asphalt, it would make viscosity index falling too fast not to guarantee the high temperature performance of recycled asphalt. It suggests that old asphalt of lighter aging level uses high viscosity grade of recycling agent, old asphalt of heavier aging level uses regeneration of lower viscosity level and the new asphalt.%为分析不同再生材料对旧沥青路面胶结料再生性能的影响,基于实际工程抽提回收得到不同老化程度的旧沥青路面胶结料,应用新沥青材料与两种黏度等级的再生剂调配旧沥青路面胶结料制备成再生沥青,分析再生沥青的黏度与针入度指标的变化规律,并对不同再生方法的再生效果进行了比较。试验结果表明:新沥青材料对旧沥青路面胶结料的再生能力有限,再生剂对旧沥青路面胶结料性能指标的改善远优于新沥青;低黏度的再生剂能较好地恢复旧沥青路面胶结料的针入度指标,但对于老化程度较低的旧沥青路面胶结料,会使其黏度指标下降过快,而不能保证再生沥青的高温性能;建议老化等级较低的旧沥青路面胶结料采用黏度等级较高的再生剂再生的方法,老化等级较重的旧沥青

  4. Application of hot in-place recycling technology in asphalt pavement maintenance%就地热再生技术在沥青路面养护工程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛燕萍; 李海滨; 孟建党

    2012-01-01

    An hot in-place recycling technology was applied to Xinxiang-Zhengzhou section of Bei-jing-Zhuhai expressway to study the application of the technology in asphalt pavement maintenance. Based on the detection results of old asphalt mixture, the performance degradation of asphalt and ag-gregate in the old asphalt mixture was analyzed. The reasonable mixing amount of recycling agent and fresh asphalt were determined by performance experiments. The gradation of aggregate in old as-phalt mixture was redesigned by adding new aggregate. The practical application results show that performance indexes of hot-in-place recycling of old asphalt mixture meet standard requirements.%为了研究就地热再生技术在沥青路面养护工程中的应用,在新郑高速公路养护工程中采用该技术对沥青路面进行维修.通过对旧沥青混合料进行试验检测,分析旧沥青路面混合料中沥青结合料和集料的性能衰减,并通过不同掺量的性能试验,确定合理的再生剂和新沥青结合料掺量,使沥青性能得到有效再生.通过添加新集料对旧沥青混合料中的集料进行配合比设计,使集料级配得到有效恢复.工程实践表明,旧沥青混合料经过掺加再生剂和新沥青及新集料后形成再生沥青混合料,其各项性能指标均满足规范要求.

  5. Application of Rubber Asphalt Concrete Pavement in Port Area Roads%橡胶沥青混凝土路面在港区道路中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫晓华

    2015-01-01

    In allusion to heavy load traffic feature of port roads,this paper carries out indoor uniaxial compression test,wheel rutting test and bending test of small beams for rubber asphalt mixture.The results show that the elastic modulus and high -temperature property of rubber asphalt mixture are equivalent to SBS modified asphalt mixture,but fatigue performance is the best and above 1 time higher than matrix asphalt mixture.The paper applies rubber asphalt mixture to test sections,and the results show that the surface water seepage coefficient,compactness of mixture,structure depth and surface resistant coefficient of rubber asphalt pavement can satisfy the basic requirements of the specifications.On the basis of test, the paper proposes pavement structural form 4cm rubber asphalt AC -13 +6cm matrix asphalt AC -20 applicable to port roads.%针对港区道路的重载交通特性,进行橡胶沥青混合料室内单轴压缩试验、车辙试验及小梁弯曲试验。结果表明:橡胶沥青混合料的回弹模量、高温性能与 SBS 改性沥青混合料相当,但其疲劳性能最好,比基质沥青混合料高1倍多。将橡胶沥青混合料用于试验路段,结果表明:橡胶沥青路面的路表渗水系数、混合料压实度、构造深度以及表面抗滑系数都能够满足规范基本要求。基于试验,提出港区道路适用的路面结构形式为4 cm 橡胶沥青 AC -13+6 cm 基质沥青 AC -20。

  6. 沥青路面弯沉竣工验收双控标准研究%Study on Double-control Criterion for Completion Acceptance of Asphalt Pavement Deflection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张广; 马庆伟; 郭平

    2015-01-01

    运用数理统计原理,分析不同气候分区下14条高速公路沥青路面在运营初期弯沉现场检测数据,得出不同气候分区下沥青路面运营初期弯沉的衰变幅度;并采用双控指标(即指标的衰变幅度和交工验收标准),建立了弯沉的验收标准。为后续建立关键指标竣工验收标准提供依据,进而指导陕西省乃至全国高速公路沥青路面的竣工验收。%In this paper ,through analyzing initial operational testing data of asphalt pavement deflection of 14 different highways in different climate districts ,the initial operational decay rate of asphalt pavement in dif‐ferent districts is obtained .And by using double-control criterion (decay rate of index and completion accept‐ance criterion) ,the acceptance criterion is established ,which provides the basis for the establishment of com‐pletion acceptance criterion for key indexes ,and offers further directs for completion acceptance of highway as‐phalt pavement in Shanxi and even China ..

  7. Application of CalME incremental-recursive method to the evaluation of the structural condition as asphalt pavements; Aplicacion del metodo recursivo-incremental CalME a la evaluacion del estado estructural de los pavimentos bituminosas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mateos Moreno, A.; Perez Ayuso, J.; Cadavid Jauregui, B.; Marron Fernandez, J. O.

    2011-07-01

    CalME procedure represents one of the most advanced tools for the design, of flexible pavements world-wide. It is an incremental-recursive method, which means that pavements service life must be divided into many time intervals where both structural integrity and environmental conditions can be regarded as constants. It also means that the damage calculated at the end of each interval must be considered as initial condition for the next one. The goal of this type of models is the prediction of the evolution of the different distress mechanisms. The advantages of incremental-recursive procedures versus classical analytical design are shown in this paper. Advantages are shown not only in terms of design, but also as a tool in order to support structural evaluation. In particular, the potential of asphalt fatigue model incorporated in CalME is presented. this model is initially calibrated in the laboratory, and it is then re-calibrated based on the actual performance observed from field deflection testing. The model provides a reliable prediction of the future evolution of the damage of the asphalt mixture. Fatigue model validation has been conducted based on the performance from several flexible sections evaluated in CEDEX full-scale pavements test track. (Author) 14 refs.

  8. Study on Dynamic Viscoelasticity and Resisting Slippage Property of Flexible Interlayer of Asphalt Pavement%沥青路面夹层动态粘弹性及抗剪性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹应梅; 张肖宁

    2009-01-01

    In order to improve the resisting reflective cracking of semi-rigid asphalt pavement and asphalt concrete overlays,the flexible interlayer is intercalated between road base and surface.The viscoelastic property of some flexible interlayer samples such as neat asphalt interlayer and different geotechnical fabrics interlayer is analyzed with dynamic sweep using dynamic shear rheometer(DSR),and then the slippage resistance characteristics of the flexible interlayer is studied.The results indicate that the geotechnical fabrics interlayer which can meet the requirements of pavement resisting slippage has excellent performance.%为提高半刚性沥青路面与沥青加铺层的防反射裂缝的能力,在基面层之间设置了柔性夹层.采用动态剪切流变仪(DSR)对纯沥青夹层、不同土工织物夹层进行了动态扫描,并分析了其动粘弹性,然后对夹层的抗剪性能进行试验分析.研究结果表明,土工织物夹层满足路面抗滑移的要求,具有良好的路用性能.

  9. 考虑半刚性结构层横向贯通裂缝的沥青路面疲劳特性分析%Asphalt Pavement Fatigue Characteristic Analysis Considering the Semi-rigid Layer of Transverse Crack

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘浩; 黄开宇; 邓蓉

    2012-01-01

    In this paper finite element analysis method ( FEM) has been used to calculate and analyze asphalt pavement deflection,the maximum tensile stress and shear stress of asphalt layer,the maximum tensile stress and calculation fatigue life of semi-rigid layer in no transverse cracks and lateral cracks in two working conditions. The results show that the internal stress increases and the calculation fatigue life will be greatly reduced. In highway asphalt pavement structure design should consider structural analysis when road in crack condition.%采用有限元计算分析在无横向裂缝和有横向贯通裂缝两种工况条件下沥青路面的弯沉、沥青层最大拉应力和最大剪应力、半刚性层最大拉应力以及计算疲劳寿命,分析结果表明,考虑半刚性层存在横向贯通裂缝时,内部应力增加且计算疲劳寿命将大为降低.在提出高速公路沥青路面结构必要时应考虑存在裂缝的工况下进行验算.

  10. Use of Recycling Building Demolition waste As Coarse Aggregate in Hot Mix Asphalt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nabil I. Al- Sarrag* Hanaa Khaleel A Suham E. Saleh Al-Maliky

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available At the recent years in Iraq, building demolition increase because of wars and the processes of destruction that lead to increase concrete waste, causing extreme pressure on the available land-filled sites that’s becomes a new challenge to local environment, in addition to south region from country poor from aggregate source.  So this study make as first evaluation to return use concrete aggregate for old and demolition building in concrete asphalt mix, the concrete aggregate obtained from building to live long more than 20 years after crash reinforcement concrete and sieving to get requirement granular particle to make locally asphalt mixture (Type IIIB depends on modified specification of State Commission of Roads and Bridges (2003 with percent (0,25,50,75,100% from weight of coarse aggregate.  Asphalt mixtures were tested by Marshall test, Indirect tensile strength test, and the loss of stability test.

  11. Cement stabilized red earth as building block and structural pavement layer

    OpenAIRE

    Rama Subbarao, G. V.; J. PURNA CHANDRA RAO

    2014-01-01

    Red Earth is most commonly used as material in the building and road construction. Many a times, the red earth found in various quarries is found not suitable for construction. Cement of 4 and 8% of dry mass of red earth was added to improve its suitability as building block and structural pavement material. To know the influence of waste plastic fiber on cement stabilized red earth, 1% fiber was also added to the mixture. It is shown that the compressive strength of cement stabilized red ear...

  12. APPLICATION OF LOW TEMPERATU RE PROPERTIES IMPROVEMENT ASPHALT TO REPAIRE WORK OF RO CK FILL DAM WITH ASPHALT FACING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimazaki, Masaru; Tsunoo, Takashi; Kasahara, Atsushi

    The low temperature properties improvement asphalt that is no decreasing the transformation follow and the stress relaxation properties at the low temperature was developed. It aimed at properties of PG64-28 (lowest temperature 28 degree C and maximum temperature 64 degree C that was able to be used) from PG (Performance Grade) of mix design method SUPERPAVE (Superior Performance Pavement) of new road-building plan SHRP (Strategic Highway Research Program) in the United States when developing. When the repair work of the rock fill dam with asphalt facing located in Kyogoku-cho Abuta-gun Hokkaido was planned, the applicability of the developed asphalt was verified. As for the verification outcome and the developed asphalt, it was proven that it was applied to the repair construction, and there was no problem in manufacturing and construction.

  13. Simplified Pavement Design for LPAs: Introduction to PaveXpress

    OpenAIRE

    Bonte, Dudley

    2015-01-01

    Simplified Pavement Design for LPA's; An introduction to and use of PaveXpress, a simplified, free, web-based pavement design scoping tool for roadway and parking lot pavements. The system was developed by Pavia Systems in partnership with the National Asphalt Pavement Association. PaveXpress creates technical sound pavement structural designs for flexible and rigid pavements based on widely accepted industry standards from the Association of State Highway Officials (AASHTO). The simplified p...

  14. The Concrete and Pavement Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Harry T.

    2012-01-01

    The modern world is characterized by the extensive use of concrete and asphalt pavement. Periodically, these materials are replaced and the old materials disposed of. In this challenge, students will be asked to develop ways to reuse the old materials. It is important for students to understand how concrete and asphalt are made and applied, as…

  15. The shakeout scenario: Meeting the needs for construction aggregates, asphalt, and concrete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langer, W.H.

    2011-01-01

    An Mw 7.8 earthquake as described in the ShakeOut Scenario would cause significantdamage to buildings and infrastructure. Over 6 million tons of newly mined aggregate would be used for emergency repairs and for reconstruction in the five years following the event. This aggregate would be applied mostly in the form of concrete for buildings and bridges, asphalt or concrete for pavement, and unbound gravel for applications such as base course that goes under highway pavement and backfilling for foundations and pipelines. There are over 450 aggregate, concrete, and asphalt plants in the affected area, some of which would be heavily damaged. Meeting the increased demand for construction materials would require readily available permitted reserves, functioning production facilities, a supply of cement and asphalt, a source of water, gas, and electricity, and a trained workforce. Prudent advance preparations would facilitate a timely emergency response and reconstruction following such an earthquake. ?? 2011, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

  16. Comparative Durability Analysis of Asphalt Concrete Pavement Reinforced with Two Geosynthetics%两种土工合成材料加筋沥青混凝土路面耐久性对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何勇海

    2012-01-01

    土工合成材料加筋沥青混凝土路面结构可以提高其疲劳寿命、抗反射裂缝和抗高温车辙能力,成为沥青路面路用技术性能改善的一个有效途径.通过室内试验系统研究了无加筋层、中间加铺玻纤土工格栅或聚酯玻纤布加筋沥青混凝土的低温抗裂性、高温稳定性和抗疲劳性能.试验结果表明,聚酯玻纤布加筋结构具有较好的低温抗裂性能,而玻纤格栅加筋结构的高温稳定性较好.%The asphalt concrete pavement structure reinforced with synthetics can improve the fatigue life, reflective crack resistance and high temperature rut resisting ability. This technique has become an effective way for improvements of road performance of the asphalt pavement. The laboratory test of low temperature resistance, the high temperature stability and anti-fatigue performance are done with the ordinary asphalt concrete pavement structure, reinforced with glass fiber geogrid or polyester glass fiber cloth glass. The test results show that polyester glass fiber cloth reinforcing structure has good low temperature crack resistance energy, while glass fiber reinforcement grid structure has good high temperature stability.

  17. Mechanism Analysis and Treatment Measures on Water Damage Diseases of Asphalt Pavement%沥青混凝土路面水损病害原因及防治策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈成; 冷鹏

    2014-01-01

    Water damage has become one of the important factors influencing the normal function of asphalt pavement.For the used asphalt pavements,the method of treating water damages is to repair the damages to meet the function and prolong the life.According to the performance of water damage for asphalt pavement,the causes of water damage is analyzed in this paper from three aspects:the di-rect effect of water,the effect of vehicle load and the dynamic water pressure.Based on this,three comprehensive treating ideas and measures of design concepts,construction methods,and material se-lection are proposed.%沥青路面水损害为影响沥青路面正常使用的重要因素之一。对已建成的沥青混凝土路面,水损害处治的重点是对病害缺陷进行修复,以满足使用功能,延长其使用寿命。文中根据沥青路面水损害的现象,从水的直接作用,车辆荷载的作用和动水压力的作用3方面分析了水损害产生的原因。在此基础上,从设计理念,施工方法,材料选用3方面提出了综合治理的方案和对策。

  18. 硅质石灰岩在高速公路沥青路面抗滑表层中的运用%The Application of Cherty Limestone in the Highway Asphalt Pavement Anti-slide Surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘岩; 张德豪; 黄从俊

    2013-01-01

    The pavement performance and long-term wear-resistant performance of AC-13 cherty limestone SBS modified asphalt mixture are investigated by laboratory experiments to analyze the anti-slide surface per-formance in the highway asphalt pavement. It is shown that cherty limestone could be a beneficial option for highway asphalt pavement anti-slide surface. The results of high-temperature stability,water stability and anti-sliding performance tests are subject to standards. The accelerated loading test indicates that the anti-sliding per-formance remains in good condition during the long-term operation.%为了分析硅质石灰岩在高速公路沥青路面抗滑表层中的适用性,采用SBS改性沥青,对硅质石灰岩AC-13沥青混合料的路用性能和长期磨耗性能进行了试验研究。结果表明:AC-13硅质石灰岩沥青混合料的高稳定性、水稳定性和抗滑性能均满足规范要求;加速加载试验结果表明硅质石灰岩沥青混合料经过长期磨耗作用后,试件表面仍具有较高的摩擦系数,可以在较长的运营时间内保持较好的抗滑性能。综上,硅质石灰岩可用于高速公路沥青路面抗滑表层的建造。

  19. Temperature Characteristic of Asphalt Pavement Structure in Beijing Based on Temperature Survey of Test Road%北京地区沥青路面结构内部温度变化规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩丁丁; 张金喜; 魏建军

    2015-01-01

    为了掌握沥青路面温度变化规律,更加准确地指导沥青路面设计和对沥青路面病害的分析,选择北京地区某高速公路沥青路面,在路面结构内部埋设了温度测试设备,对沥青路面结构内部温度进行了跟踪监测和分析,并给出了北京地区路面结构内部温度极值的预测公式.结果表明:北京地区(实验路段中)沥青路面上面层底部全年最高温度为33.8℃,最低温度为-16.8℃.夏季沥青路面结构内部平均温度梯度为0.45℃/cm,冬季为-0.10℃/cm.路面结构内部温度降温速率在农历夏至前后最大,约0.6~1.2℃/h;路面在冬季长时间处于低温状况,降温速率在冬季较小,约0.2~0.4℃/h.北京地区1 a内沥青路面工作温度处于中低温期的时间约占85%左右.%In order to know the law of the temperature change of asphalt pavements, to design and precisely analyze the damaged asphalt pavements, temperature sensors were buried in a certain highway asphalt pavement in Beijing. And the sensors were used to track and analyze the internal temperature changes of the pavement structure. The results show that the temperature at the bottom of the upper surface varies from 33. 8 ℃ to -16. 8 ℃ during a year. The average temperature gradient of the pavement is 0. 45℃/cm in summer and -0. 10℃/cm in winter. The temperature decreasing rate of the pavement is about 0. 6~1. 2℃/h and the highest temperature decreasing rate occurs around the summer solstice of Chinese lunar calendar. The temperature decreasing rate is smaller than that of other seasons, and the record number is about 0. 2~0. 4℃/h. The working temperature of the asphalt pavement below 20℃ is about 85% within a year. A prediction formula of extreme of the internal temperature of the pavement structure was given in the paper.

  20. To Guarantee the Quality of Asphalt Concrete Pavement in Road Construction%谈道路施工中沥青混凝土路面的工程质量保障

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱龙

    2013-01-01

      The road construction project is an important part of the municipal infrastructure construction, and the road construction quality affects the people's daily life and the urban appearance directly. This article will mainly analyze the problems of the asphalt concrete pavement construction in the road construction, and discuss the way to guarantee the quality of pavement construction.%  道路施工工程是城市基础设施建设的重要组成部分,道路施工质量的好坏直接影响着人们的日常生活以及城市的市容。本文将主要就道路施工中沥青混凝土路面施工存在的问题进行分析,就如何对路面施工质量提供保障进行探讨。

  1. Study on Axle Load Conversion for Concrete Base of Durable Asphalt Pavement%耐久性沥青路面混凝土基层轴载换算研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑木莲; 陈拴发; 马庆雷

    2012-01-01

    刚性基层耐久性沥青路面作为一种新型的路面结构,现行规范对于上覆沥青层水泥混凝土路面的设计思路对其并不适用,其轴载换算公式由于没有考虑刚性基层沥青路面结构的特点,得出的结果存在较大误差.依据普通混凝土及贫混凝土的疲劳方程,结合耐久性沥青路面混凝土基层在标准轴载和不同轴-轮型荷载作用下回归得出的荷载应力计算公式,按照混凝土基层等效疲劳损伤原则,推求得出单轴-单轮、单轴-双轮组、双轴-双轮组荷载换算为标准轴载的公式.结果表明:得出的轴载换算公式可充分考虑混凝土基层耐久性沥青路面基层厚度、基层模量、地基模量结构设计参数的影响,具有良好的实用性,可为路面结构设计提供依据.%As a new kind pavement structure, the design method of cement concrete pavement with asphalt surface course in the current specification is not suitable to the durable asphalt pavement with rigid base. Since the characteristics of durable pavement with rigid base are not taken into account, there exists large error in the results getting from the axle-load conversion equation. According to the fatigue equations of popular concrete and lean concrete, the load stress calculation equations rigid base in durable asphalt pavement subjecting standard axle load and different axle-wheel load, and the equivalent fatigue damage principle of concrete base, the axle load conversion equations from the load of single-axle and single-wheel, single-axle and two-wheel and two-axle and two-wheel to the standard axle load are derived. The results show that the axle load conversion equations got in the paper can fully consider the influences of the structure design parameters of base depth, base modulus and subgrade modulus etc. Of durable asphalt pavement with concrete pavement, so the equations have good suitability and can provide basis for pavement structure design.

  2. Application research on hot in-place recycling technology in Lin-Chang highway asphalt pavement%临长高速公路沥青路面就地热再生应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪敏丽

    2014-01-01

    Taking hot in-place recycling engineering of Lin-Chang highway as the background,the paper briefly discusses the construction proce-dures of hot in-place recycling technology,describes asphalt pavement mixture test,asphalt mixing recycling agent test points and recycled mix-ture construction mixing proportion design,and finally summarizes construction quality control measures.%以临长高速公路就地热再生工程为依托,简述了就地热再生技术的施工流程,阐述了原沥青路面混合料试验、沥青掺加再生剂试验要点,并通过再生混合料施工配合比设计,总结了施工过程中的质量控制措施。

  3. 新时期公路施工中沥青路面的施工技术研究%Study on Construction Technology of Asphalt Pavement in Highway Construction in the New Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史国卉

    2014-01-01

    随着我国交通事业的脚步逐渐加快,公路建设规模也日益增大。沥青是我国目前交通建设中使用范围最广的原材料,它的施工质量影响着公路施工的整体建设。本文就新时期公路施工中沥青路面的施工技术进行了简要探讨。%Along with the development of transportation in our country, the highway construction scale has been incre- asing. At present, asphalt is the raw material which is most widely used in transportation construction in our country. The quality of its construction affects the overal construction of highway construction. This paper discussed the construction technology of asphalt road pavement construction in the new period.

  4. Test on Dynamic Response of Flexible Base Asphalt Pavement%柔性基层沥青路面动力响应试槽试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李起伟; 黎晓; 梁乃兴

    2012-01-01

    根据室内试槽柔性基层沥青路面结构的重复加载试验,总结了路用电阻应变片的选择依据和黏贴工艺,对比分析了压路机压实方式对应变片存活率的影响;利用惠斯登电桥电路测试了柔性基层沥青路面的动力响应,并与数值计算进行对比.研究表明:路用电阻应变片栅长应大于80 mm,并与集料的最大公称粒径相关;电阻应变片在压路机静压的方式下有较理想的存活率,而在强振作用下却极难存活;在移动荷载作用下沥青面层底部横向应变交替出现拉、压应变,其最大值比层状弹性体系模型计算值小.%According to repeated load test of flexible base asphalt pavement, the structure is built in the indoor pit. The principle of choosing resistance strain gauges and the surface-sticking process of gauge was summarized; the survival rate of strain gauge based on the comparison of road roller' s compaction mode strong vibration or static pressure was discussed. The data of time-history curves was collected through the Wheatstone Bridge with the numerical calculation comparative study. The detection results show; the gate length of resistance strain gauge should not be less than 80mm, which is related to nominal maximum size of aggregate. Gauges' survival rate is affected by different compaction model, which is much lower under the strong vibration model. Also the response of. strain in layer bottom under the dynamic load of moving vehicle is more complex than that in static situation. However, the current pavement structure design method needs transforming from static model to dynamic load model.

  5. Pavement Performance of Warm Recycled Asphalt Mixture%温拌再生沥青混合料路用性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯万斌; 周谦

    2012-01-01

    To apply Warm Recycled Asphalt Mixture (WRAM) widely in Liaoning, the pavement performance of WRAM with different dosage of RAP is studied based on warm mix agent produced from Liaoning. The effect of compaction temperature on volume of voids of WRAM is analyzed, and the manufacture temperatures of WRAM specimens in laboratory are confirmed, the gradation compositions of WRAM are verified by the experiments used currently. The results show the mix temperature and compaction temperature of asphalt mixtures through central plant hot recycling can be reduced evidently and the utilization ratio of RAP may be increased as a result of the addition of warm mix agent. Moreover, the high temperature stability, low temperature performance and water stability of WRAM preferably fulfill technology requirements of criterion implemented currently depending on the rational controlling of volume of voids of WRAM.%为使温拌再生沥青混合料(WRAM)在辽宁省更好推广应用,基于辽宁自主研发的温拌剂进行了不同回收沥青路面材料(RAP)掺量的WRAM路用性能研究。分析了不同压实温度对WRAM空隙率的影响规律,据此确定了WRAM的室内制备温度,并采用现行试验方法检验了WRAM的配合比设计。结果表明,温拌剂的加入可显著降低厂拌热再生沥青混合料的拌和与压实温度,提高RAP的利用比例,通过对WRAM空隙率指标的合理控制,WRAM的高低温性能和水稳定性能均表现良好,满足现行规范技术要求。

  6. Difference of Anti-rutting Performance of Flexible and Semi-rigid Basecourse Asphalt Pavement%柔性与半刚性基层沥青路面抗车辙性能的差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王大伟

    2012-01-01

    Semi-rigid basecourse asphalt pavement is commonly applied in domestic expressway and flexible basecourse pavement is more applied in foreign expressway.The difference of anti-rutting performance of these two pavement structures is the issue we need to pay attention to.Through the response of standard load on pavement structure,mechanic analysis on some aspects like stress,strain and bending and etc is performed by using BISAR3.0 software.%国内高速公路普遍使用半刚性基层沥青路面,而国外更多地使用柔性基层路面,这两种结构的路面抗车辙性能的差异是值得我们关注的问题。通过标准荷载对路面结构的响应,使用BISAR3.0软件分别从应力、应变、弯沉等方面进行了力学分析。

  7. 结构参数对沥青路面结构设计的影响分析%The Analysis of Structural Parameters' Influence on the Structural Design of Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢娟; 李文瑛

    2011-01-01

    The present paper applies the theory and method proposed by the current design standards to the calculation of the thickness of asphalt pavement structure to analyze the variable relationship between thickness of pavement structure and design deflection as well as modulus of subgrade, and the impact of modulus of subgrade and thickness of semi-rigid base on the subbase tensile stress of every layer and, by an example calculation, draws a natural conclusion that if the structural thickness is designed according to the subbase tensile stress, fatigue cracking can be reduced with the decrease of subbase tensile stress, which is achieved by the improvement of the modulus of subgrade and the increase in the thickness of semi-rigid layer. In this paper, a large number of calculation data are accumulated during the analysis and provide reference for the designer' s further understanding of asphalt pavement structural design theory, which enable them to make better design of pavement structure.%应用现行设计规范提出的公路沥青路面结构厚度计算理论和方法,通过实例计算,分析了路面结构厚度随设计弯沉、土基模量的变化关系,分析了土基模量、半刚性基层厚度对路面各结构层层底拉应力的影响,得出通常情况下会以底基层层底拉应力控制结构厚度设计,以及提高土基模量、增加半刚性层厚度可以减小(底)基层层底拉应力从而减少疲劳开裂的结论.

  8. Modified Asphalt Binder with Natural Zeolite for Warm Mix Asphalt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubravský, Marián; Mandula, Ján

    2015-11-01

    In recent years, warm mix asphalt (WMA) is becoming more and more used in the asphalt industry. WMA provide a whole range of benefits, whether economic, environmental and ecological. Lower energy consumption and less pollution is the most advantages of this asphalt mixture. The paper deals with the addition of natural zeolite into the sub base asphalt layers, which is the essential constituent in the construction of the road. Measurement is focused on basic physic - mechanical properties declared according to the catalog data sheets. The aim of this article is to demonstrate the ability of addition the natural zeolite into the all asphalt layers of asphalt pavement. All asphalt mixtures were compared with reference asphalt mixture, which was prepared in reference temperature.

  9. 加筋沥青路面APA试验及其非线性疲劳损伤分析%APA TEST AND NONLINEAR FATIGUE DAMAGE ANALYSIS OF THE REINFORCED ASPHALT PAVEMENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周志刚; 袁秀湘

    2012-01-01

    Wheel repeated loading test is carried out to the asphalt pavement specimen under several loading levels by using Asphalt Pavement Analyzer (APA) to compare the reinforcing effect of fabric and glassgrid on the fatigue characteristics of asphalt pavement. Based on this, one nonlinear fatigue damage model is suggested. By using fatigue damage mechanics-finite element method, the paper simulated numerically the total process of the APA test, and analyzed the stress, displacement and fatigue life of specimens. The comparison between the results of simulation and test proves the rationality of the suggested model. It is pointed out that using reinforcing material can remarkaeblely improve the stress and dispacement levels in pavement after the crack spreads across the reinforcement, and so to increase the pavement's fatigue life effectively due to the bridge effect of reinforcing materials. Besides, based on the fatigue analysis, it is proved further that Paris equation can be used to describe the spreading process of the fatigue crack in pavement, and related parameters can be obtained accordingly.%应用沥青路面分析仪(APA)对沥青路面结构模拟试件进行多种荷载下的往返轮载疲劳试验,对比研究土工布、玻璃纤维格栅对沥青路面疲劳性能的加筋效果。在此基础上,提出沥青混合料非线性疲劳损伤演化模型,应用基于疲劳损伤力学的非线性有限元方法模拟APA试验过程,分析了试件应力、变形、疲劳寿命等,并与试验结果对比,论证了所提疲劳损伤演化模型的合理性,指出因加筋材料的桥联效应显著地改善了裂缝穿过筋材后路面的受力变形状况,有效地延长路面的疲劳寿命。同时,基于疲劳损伤分析,进一步验证了Paris公式可用于描述路面结构的疲劳裂缝稳定发展过程,并获得了有关的参数。

  10. Subgrade top temperature of asphalt pavement structure in permafrost areas%基于路基顶面温度的多年冻土区沥青路面结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司伟; 马骉; 汪海年; 强巴

    2012-01-01

    The stability and durability of road structure in permafrost areas are closely related with the state of permafrost under subgrade. The temperature field model of subgrade and as- phalt pavement structure in permafrost areas were established based on the finite element meth- od. The influence of structure thickness and forms on subgrade top temperature were analyzed. Taking the worst pavement structure as reference, the associate degree of different pavement structures was analyzed with the gray relational analysis method. The results show that setting the asphalt macadam layer, graded crushed stone layer or increasing the thickness of pavement structure can reduce the subgrade top temperature effectively in high temperature season. The graded crushed stone layer has significant influence on the relative merits of different asphalt pavement structures. When it is less than 16 cm, the ACGR, AGR and ACR asphalt pavement structures have good roadbed temperature stability, while when it is more than 16 cm, the ACGR, ACG and AGR have good roadbed temperature stability. The study results can provide reference for asphalt pavement structure and reduce the semi-rigid base cracking in permafrost areas. 3 tabs, 8 figs, 13 refs.%多年冻土地区路基路面稳定性及耐久性与路基底部多年冻土的存在状态密切相关。采用有限元方法,建立多年冻土地区路基与沥青路面结构温度场模型,分析了结构层厚度、结构组合变化对路基顶面温度的影响;利用灰关联方法,以温度稳定性最差的路面结构为参考,分析了不同路面结构间的关联程度。结果表明:增加路面结构层厚度或在路面结构中设置沥青碎石层、级配碎石层,在高温季节可以有效降低路基顶面温度;级配碎石层厚度与路面结构的温度优劣性相关,小于16cm时ACGR、AGR、ACR这3种沥青路面结构较好,大于16cm时ACGR、ACG、AGR这3种结构较好。研究结果可为多年冻土地区半

  11. Introduction to Preventive Maintenance of Asphalt Pavement%浅谈沥青路面预防性养护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王磊

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of social economy, ur-ban traf ic brings more and more high requirement of muni-cipal road use performance. Therefore, road maintenance is a key link in the process of protection of the road normal use. In recent years, the road’s preventive maintenance has become a key road maintenance work. The importance of preventive maintenance is mainly introduced in this paper, and it puts forward the common technical measures of pavement main-tenance. The paper offers a reference to reader.%随着社会经济的快速发展,城市交通对市政道路使用性能的要求也越来越高。因此,道路养护是保障道路正常使用的关键环节。近几年,道路预养护已成为道路养护工作的关键。本文主要介绍了道路预防性养护的重要性,并提出了常用路面预养护的技术措施,以供读者参考。

  12. Environmental performance and mechanical analysis of concrete containing recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) and waste precast concrete as aggregate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdem, Savaş; Blankson, Marva Angela

    2014-01-15

    The overall objective of this research project was to investigate the feasibility of incorporating 100% recycled aggregates, either waste precast concrete or waste asphalt planning, as replacements for virgin aggregates in structural concrete and to determine the mechanical and environmental performance of concrete containing these aggregates. Four different types of concrete mixtures were designed with the same total water cement ratio (w/c=0.74) either by using natural aggregate as reference or by totally replacing the natural aggregate with recycled material. Ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) was used as a mineral addition (35%) in all mixtures. The test results showed that it is possible to obtain satisfactory performance for strength characteristics of concrete containing recycled aggregates, if these aggregates are sourced from old precast concrete. However, from the perspective of the mechanical properties, the test results indicated that concrete with RAP aggregate cannot be used for structural applications. In terms of leaching, the results also showed that the environmental behaviour of the recycled aggregate concrete is similar to that of the natural aggregate concrete. PMID:24316812

  13. Dynamic Response Characteristics of Asphalt Pavement Under Multi-axle Moving Load%多轴移动荷载下沥青路面的动态响应特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴建中; 吴浩; 陈勇; 王秉纲

    2011-01-01

    In order to analyze dynamic response characteristics of asphalt pavement under muhi axle moving load,a three-dimensional finite element model of asphalt pavement was established by field investigation. The influences of axle load with uniform distribution of single rear axle, dual rear axles and three rear axles and the axle load with non-uniform distribution of three rear axles and the three rear axles vehicles with impending front axle on pavement were studied respectively. Results show that the effect of each axle on pavement is independent when the wheelbase of multi axle vehicle is bigger than 3 m. Increase of number of axle makes the vertical displacement of pavement superpose and makes the maximal shear stress and compressive stress of pavement change inconspicuously. The influence of the middle axle of three rear axles vehicle on the vertical displacement of pavement is the greatest which increases by 23. 7% and 18. 2% compared with those of the front axle and rear axle respectively. Besides, the middle axle and rear axle has certain influence on the shear stress of pavement, but each axle has ahnost no influence on the maximal compressive stress of pavement. The research results indicate that the non uniform distribution of axle load of multi axle vehicle has significant influence on pavement faliure.%为分析多轴移动荷载下沥青路面的动态响应特性,通过现场调查建立了不同轴型作用下沥青路面的三维有限元模型,分别研究了单后轴、双后轴及三后轴轴载均匀分布、三后轴车轴载不均匀分布及三后轴车前轴悬空条件下对路面的影响。结果表明:多轴车轴距大于3m时,各轴对路面的作用相互独立,轴数的增加对路面竖向位移产生叠加作用,对路表最大剪应力及压应力影响不明显;三后轴车中轴对路面竖向位移作用最大,较前轴及后轴分别增大23.7%和18.2%,中轴及后轴对路表剪应力有一定影响,

  14. Permeable Pavements at Purdue

    OpenAIRE

    Knapp, Jim

    2013-01-01

    Two case studies will be presented describing sustainable drainage alternatives. The processes used for the 2nd Street project in Seymour will provide a comparison of the design processes for conventional and green infrastructure solutions. Purdue University will discuss a number of permeable pavement installations on campus and provide a map for viewing. Asphalt, concrete, and permeable paver options will be discussed.

  15. 磷渣微粉基隧道沥青路面阻燃剂的制备及其性能试验%Preparation and performance test phosphorus slag powder base tunnel asphalt pavement retardants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱国平; 王坤; 郑卫芳

    2016-01-01

    针对隧道沥青路面防火安全问题,配制了6种磷渣微粉基材阻燃剂 A~F。通过 DSC 试验评价了各阻燃剂阻燃性能,选出了最优阻燃剂;对掺入不同掺量的阻燃改性沥青进行路用性能试验和极限氧指数试验,分析了阻燃剂最佳掺量和阻燃效果;采用锥形热试验对阻燃沥青混合料进行阻燃性能研究。试验结果表明,阻燃剂 D,F 有明显的两个吸热峰;阻燃剂 D 和 F 的加入使沥青的氧指数得到显著的提高;不同掺量阻燃剂 D,F 的加入,能够满足沥青路用性能的要求,阻燃剂的最佳掺量为8%;与非阻燃改性沥青混合料相比,阻燃改性沥青的引燃时间变长,热释放速率减缓,总释热量全过程低于非阻燃沥青混合料。阻燃剂 D,F 的加入对沥青及沥青混合料的阻燃效果明显,且阻燃剂 D 阻燃效果最优。%Six kinds of phosphorus slag powder-based flame retardants were prepared in or-der to solve fire-proof safety problem of tunnel asphalt pavement A-F.The combustion prop-erties of flame retardants were evaluated by DSC experiment and the optimal flame retard-ants were selected.The pavement performance and limiting oxygen index of flame-retardant modified asphalt with different amounts of retardants were tested,then the optimum a-mount of flame retardants and flame retardancy were analyzed.The Cone thermal test was conducted to study the flame retardant properties of flame retardant asphalt mixture.the re-sults show that flame D,F two endothermic peaks are obvious.With the addition of flame retardant D and F,the oxygen index of asphalt was significantly improved.Different dosage of the addition of flame retardant D,F can meet the requirements of the pavement perform-ance.The optimum amount of flame retardant is 8%.Compared with the nonflame-retardant asphalt mixture,the retardancy of flame-retardant modified asphalt mixture is better:its ig-nition time is longer,heat release rate is slower and the

  16. 高速公路沥青路面基层冷再生技术研究%Research on the Cold Recycling Technology of Asphalt Pavement of Highway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解朝森; 周杰

    2014-01-01

    本文以冷再生技术在高速公路沥青路面中的技术优势为切入点,简单介绍了其冷再生混合料的强度机理,重点对冷再生技术的稳定剂选择优缺点进行了分析,最后简介了一般高速公路沥青路面基层冷再生技术的施工步骤。%This paper took the advantages of the cold regene-ration technology in the asphalt pavement of highway as the breakthrough point, introducing the strength mechanism of co-ld recycling mixture and analyzing the disadvantages and adv-antages of the stabilizers selection of the cold regeneration technology, Final y, the author introduced the construction pr-ocedure of cold recycling technology in the general asphalt pavement of expressway.

  17. 沥青混凝土路面就地热再生施工工艺探讨%Discussion on Construction Process of Hot In -Place Recycling Technology of Asphalt Concrete Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐安花; 房建宏

    2015-01-01

    Hot in-place recycling technology of asphalt concrete pavement ,w hich has broad application prospects ,has significant economic and technical advantages in waste utilization ,resource saving ,ecological environmental protecting ,etc .In this paper ,in order to provide guidance to site construction of hot in -place recycling technology ,the essential points and attentions of the construction process of hot in -place recycling technology of asphalt concrete pavement are analyzed from its technological type ,heating method ,scarifying method ,adding mode of additive and construction process .%沥青混凝土路面就地热再生技术在废料利用、资源节约和生态环境保护等方面具有显著的技术和经济优势,具有广阔的应用前景。本文从沥青混凝土路面就地热再生主要工艺类型、加热方式、翻松方式、再生剂添加方式及施工过程等方面分析了沥青路面就地热再生技术施工工艺方面的要点及注意事项,以期为就地热再生技术的现场施工提供指导。

  18. Research on Optical Fiber Sensing Technology Applied to Damage Detection of Asphalt Pavement%光纤传感监测技术用于沥青路面损伤监测的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋宏伟; 覃丽坤; 李渊; 左永学; 魏晓峰

    2015-01-01

    Asphalt pavements have been widely-used in high-grade highway for the advantages of short-period construction,easy reclamation,etc.However,flexible asphalt pavements often suffer from damages,such as cracks,ruts and interface stripping,under the effect of vehicle load and environmental temperature and moisture,which shortens the service life,increases the transportation pressure and brings about large economical loss.Therefore,it is important to capture the mechanism of damage occur-rence and propagation.Different with traditional methods,such as batch tests and finite element analy-sis,optical fiber sensing technology has been more and more applied to abstracting whole-history mechan-ical properties.In this background,a comprehensive summary on the occurrence of common distresses of asphalt pavement has been conducted;general review on the application of optical fiber sensors in asphalt pavement monitoring also stated;and possible approaches on employing optical fiber sensing technology to recognize the multiple damages have been provided.The research in this article will ultimately serve for the full-scale monitoring and optimization of components and structures of asphalt pavement.%沥青路面因施工工期短、可回收利用等优点而在高等级公路中得到广泛应用,然在荷载及环境温度、湿度等作用下,柔性沥青面层常常发生裂纹、车辙、界面剥离等损伤。这些损伤缩短了沥青路面的服役寿命、增加了交通压力,同时也带了沉重的经济负担,因此,掌握这些损伤的成因意义重大。区别于批量试验及有限元模拟等传统方法,光纤传感监测技术被越来越多地应用于沥青路面结构的全历程力学特征的获取。即在该研究背景下,对沥青路面结构的常见病害发生机理进行了归纳总结,综述了光纤传感技术应用于沥青路面的监测现状,并提出了沥青路面多损伤的光纤智能监测的可行性方法。

  19. 刚柔复合式路面沥青面层动态应变试验研究%Experimental Study on Dynamic Strain of Asphalt Surface Course of Rigid-flexible Composite Pavement Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志胜; 赵娟娟

    2016-01-01

    为深入研究刚柔复合式路面沥青面层车辙病害机理,采用复合路面结构车辙试验模拟路面荷载动态作用,借助光纤光栅应变检测技术测试不同方向、不同荷载、不同类型混合料和不同温度下沥青混合料的动态应变,从荷载大小、混合料类型和温度3个方面分析复合式路面沥青面层车辙变形特征.结果表明:动态荷载作用下刚柔复合式路面沥青面层的横向应变小于纵向应变,荷载消除后横向应变可恢复60%,而纵向应变仅可恢复20%;一定范围内沥青混合料动态应变与荷载大小成正线性关系,应变的恢复能力与荷载大小成反向线性关系;SMA的应变比AC小12%,而变形恢复能力高出约60%;高温环境下,荷载间接作用也会引起沥青混合料的应变,SMA的抗变形能力明显高于AC沥青混合料.%For further research into rut disease mechanism of asphalt surface course of rigid-flexible composite pavement,wheel rutting test was used to simulate dynamic load on pavement.The dynamic strain of asphalt mixture of different types under different temperature,under different loads in sizes and directions were measured by use of optical fiber testing technology to analyze the characters of wheel rutting deformation of asphalt surface course in composite pavement from the three aspects of load size,mixture types and the temperature.The result showed that under dynamic loading,the cross strain of the asphalt surface course of the rigid-flexible composite pavement is less than the longitudinal strain.After removal of load,the cross strain can recover by 60% while the longitudinal strain can recover only by 20%.Within given range there exists a positive linear relationship between the dynamic strain of asphalt mixture and load size while a reverse directional linear relationship between strain recovering ability and load size.SMA is of 12% less dynamic strain than AC and of 60% higher recovering ability

  20. Cement stabilized red earth as building block and structural pavement layer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.V. RAMA SUBBARAO

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Red Earth is most commonly used as material in the building and road construction. Many a times, the red earth found in various quarries is found not suitable for construction. Cement of 4 and 8% of dry mass of red earth was added to improve its suitability as building block and structural pavement material. To know the influence of waste plastic fiber on cement stabilized red earth, 1% fiber was also added to the mixture. It is shown that the compressive strength of cement stabilized red earth blocks was improved with seven days of curing. The addition of cement to red earth enhanced soaked CBR value. The soaked CBR value of fiber reinforced cement stabilized red earth was about 1.3 to 1.5 times that of unreinforced cement stabilized red earth.

  1. Analysis on Dynamic Response of Saturated Asphalt Pavement under Moving Vehicle Loads by 3D Finite Element Method%移动荷载作用下饱和沥青路面动力响应三维有限元分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任瑞波; 祁文洋; 李美玲

    2011-01-01

    Asphalt pavement is a kind of porous medium which consists of solid, liquid and gas phases under the action of outside environment. The coupled hydro-mechanical action leads to the initial failure of asphalt pavement. To explore the dynamic response of asphalt pavement subjected to moving vehicle loads is the premise for understanding the structure behavior of asphalt pavement. First, regarding asphalt mixture as a media consists of solid and liquid phases in level one reasonable approximation, based on the porous media theory, a 3D finite element model of typical semi-rigid base asphalt concrete pavement under moving load was developed in the assumption that the asphalt pavement is saturated. Then, the variation of 3D strain and stress as well as 3D distribution of vertical stress of pavement under saturated condition and dry condition were comparatively analysed. The result indicates that (1) the characteristics of dynamic response of asphalt pavement with moving load under saturated condition and dry condition in surface course are different; (2) it' is more likely to have structure damage such as fatigue cracking and permanent deformation when asphalt pavement is under saturated condition; (3) in asphalt pavement design, it is more reasonable to use flexural-tensile strain as the index than flexural-tensile stress.%沥青路面结构在外界环境作用下是气、液、固三相介质体,水和荷载的耦合作用导致了沥青路面初期损坏的产生,探究其在车辆移动荷栽作用下的动力响应是获知沥青路面结构行为的前提.首先,在沥青路面饱和情况下,作一级合理近似,将其视为流固两相介质.基于多孔介质理论,对于典型半刚性基层沥青路面结构建立了移动荷载作用下的三维有限元模型;而后对比分析了移动荷载作用下,饱和沥青路面和无水沥青路面三向应力、应变响应的时程变化规律以及竖向应力场的三维分布情况.结果表明:移动荷载

  2. Low temperature asphalt mixtures

    OpenAIRE

    Modrijan, Damjan

    2006-01-01

    This thesis presents the problem of manufacturing and building in the asphalt mixtures produced by the classical hot procedure and the possibility of manufacturing low temperature asphalt mixtures.We will see the main advantages of low temperature asphalt mixtures prepared with bitumen with organic addition Sasobit and compare it to the classical asphalt mixtures. The advantages and disadvantages of that are valued in the practical example in the conclusion.

  3. Cracks Long-term Development Law of Asphalt Pavement with Different Base Types%不同基层类型沥青路面裂缝的长期发展规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高玲玲; 张艳聪

    2015-01-01

    In order to determine the effect of base structures on cracks long-term development law of asphalt pavement,the number and distribution of cracks of six test freeways in Shanxi province were investigated.It contains three base types (flexible base,semi-rigid base and rigid base)and two base thicknesses (50cm and 55cm).The investigating time was four years after construction and four years after overlay.The results showed that:number,area and development speed of asphalt pavement with semi-rigid base were significantly bigger than pavement with flexible base and rigid base.In-creasing thickness of semi-rigid base can reduce the number and area of cracks,but it was limited for rigid and flexible base.Cracks development law of pavement after overlay was similar to new pave-ment.Overlay is more valuable for pavement with flexible base.%为探讨基层类型对沥青路面裂缝长期发展规律的影响,针对山西某高速公路3种基层类型(柔性基层、半刚性基层、刚性基层)、2种基层厚度(50,55 cm)的6段沥青路面试验路,于铺筑后连续4年、加铺后连续4年测定了路面裂缝数目和分布规律的发展情况。结果表明,半刚性基层沥青路面的裂缝数目、开裂面积及其发展速度均明显大于刚性和柔性基层;增加基层厚度可以减少半刚性基层沥青路面裂缝数目和开裂面积,但对于刚性基层和柔性基层路面作用有限;加铺后路面裂缝的发展规律与新建路面相似,加铺对于柔性基层路面意义更大。

  4. 基于非线性疲劳损伤的沥青路面轴载换算%AXLE LOAD CONVERSION OF ASPHALT PAVEMENT BASED ON NONLINEAR FATIGUE DAMAGE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕松涛

    2012-01-01

    In order to establish the non-linear fatigue damage evolution equation of asphalt mixture and the axial load conversion method of asphalt pavement,the aggregate gradation and optimum asphalt-aggregate ratios are determined by a proportion design of asphalt mixture.Then,the fatigue damage variable is defined by the modulus decay basing on the basic theory of damage mechanics.The fatigue damage equation was deduced.The direct tensile fatigue test results were fitted from using the fatigue damage equation.The regularities of model parameters and damage with a stress ratio are given out.The new axle load conversion method is established for asphalt pavement.The results indicate that the fatigue damage evolution has the apparent non-linear properties of asphalt mixture.The Miner linear fatigue damage theory is not suitable to describe the process of fatigue damage evolution for asphalt pavement.It is not safe to use the axial load conversion method deriving from the Miner equation.The new axial load conversion method basing on the nonlinear fatigue damage evolution can consider the influence of loading history and damage history.%为了建立沥青混合料的非线性疲劳损伤演化方程,同时为完善沥青路面的轴载换算方法,首先进行沥青混合料的配合比设计,确定矿料级配及最佳油石比,然后从损伤力学基本理论出发,定义模量衰减为其疲劳损伤参量,由此推导得到了疲劳损伤方程,并以此方程对小梁直接拉伸疲劳试验结果进行拟合,得到了模型参数和损伤随应力比的变化规律,建立了沥青路面轴载换算新方法。结果表明:沥青混合料的疲劳损伤演化具有明显的非线性,用Miner线性疲劳损伤理论来描述沥青路面疲劳损伤演化过程不合适,由此推导得到的轴载换算方法偏不安全,建立在非线性疲劳损伤演化基础上的轴载换算方法考虑了加载历史和损伤历史的影响。

  5. 78 FR 26847 - Including Specific Pavement Types in Federal-aid Highway Traffic Noise Analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-08

    ... Federal Highway Administration Including Specific Pavement Types in Federal-aid Highway Traffic Noise...: The FHWA requests input from stakeholders and interested parties on expanding the specific pavement... data from three pavement types: dense-graded asphaltic concrete (DGAC), open-graded asphaltic...

  6. 温拌橡胶沥青宽路用温度域流变特性%Rheological properties of warm mix asphalt rubber in wide range of pavement temperature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何亮; 凌天清; 马育; 马涛; 黄晓明

    2015-01-01

    为了研究温拌橡胶沥青的流变特性,制备了符合《公路工程废胎胶粉橡胶沥青》(JT/T 798—2011)技术要求的橡胶沥青,进行了粘温关系试验与基本技术指标试验,从降温效果与技术指标影响两方面确定了 Sasobit 温拌剂的最佳掺量,评价了 Sasobit 温拌橡胶沥青的高温(60、70℃)、中温(25℃)、低温(5℃~-24℃)宽路用温度域的流变特性。分析结果表明:3%的 Sasobit 为温拌橡胶沥青的最佳温拌剂掺量;温拌剂 Sasobit 提高了橡胶沥青的高温稳定性,70℃车辙因子提高了79%,但对橡胶沥青粘韧性没有明显影响;3%掺量的 Sasobit 降低了橡胶沥青的疲劳性能,25℃疲劳因子提高了22%,但是其温拌橡胶沥青疲劳性能依然优于 SBS 改性沥青;在中国沥青路面使用性能气候分区标准的冬温区温度以下,随着温度的降低 Sasobit 温拌橡胶沥青的低温性能逐渐优于 SBS 改性沥青,-24℃的蠕变劲度为 SBS 改性沥青的45%,同时3%的 Sasobit 掺量不会过度影响橡胶沥青的低温性能,-24℃时橡胶沥青蠕变劲度提高了10%。%In order to research the rheological properties of warm mix asphalt rubber,the asphalt rubber meeting the technical requirements in Asphalt Rubber for Highway Engineering (JT/T 798—2011)was prepared.The optimum content of warm mix additive Sasobit was determined from the warm mix effect and the impact of Sasobit on the technical indexes of warm mix asphalt rubber by viscosity-temperature relationship test and basic technical index test.The rheological properties of Sasobit warm mix asphalt rubber were evaluated in the wide range of pavement temperature at high(60,70 ℃),medium(25 ℃)and low(5 ℃--24 ℃)temperatures.Analysis result shows that 3% is the optimum content of Sasobit in warm mix asphalt rubber.Sasobit can improve the high-temperature stability of asphalt rubber

  7. Study on the Durability of Steel Deck Pavement Asphalt Mixture Based on Rubber Powder and SBS Compound Modified Technology%基于橡胶粉与 SBS 复合改性技术钢桥面铺筑沥青混合料耐久性试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏斌

    2015-01-01

    In order to satisfy the bridge deck pavement of asphalt concrete special performance re-quirements of asphalt binder,Improve the flexibility of bridge deck pavement asphalt concrete,by adding different proportions of rubber powder and SBS modified asphalt and composite mix performance test anal-ysis,discusses the composite rubber powder modified asphalt mixture by Sophie toughened,shear,impact mechanism water stability,and recommended significantly modified asphalt concrete composite best over-all performance rubber particles content.%为了满足桥面铺装沥青混凝土对沥青结合料的特殊性能要求,提高桥面铺装沥青混凝土的柔韧性,通过对不同掺加比例的橡胶粉与 SBS 复合改性沥青及其混合料的性能进行试验分析,探讨了橡胶粉对复合改性沥青混合料的增柔增韧、抗剪、水稳定性的影响机理,并推荐了可以显著复合改性沥青混凝土综合使用性能的最佳橡胶颗粒掺量。

  8. Traffic noise abatement : how different pavements, vehicle speeds and traffic densities affect annoyance levels

    OpenAIRE

    Freitas, Elisabete F.; Mendonça, Catarina; Santos, Jorge A.; Murteira, Carla; Ferreira, João Amaro Oliveira

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, annoyance ratings from traffic noise recorded on cobblestones, dense asphalt, and open asphalt rubber pavements are assessed with regard to car speeds and traffic den- sities. It was found that cobblestones pavements are the most annoying; also while open asphalt rubber pavement imposes less annoyance than dense asphalt it is not significantly different. Higher car speeds always lead to greater annoyance, as does higher traffic densi- ties. LAeq and LAmax correl...

  9. 重载对沥青路面车辙及疲劳寿命的影响%Influence of Heavy Load on Rutting and Fatigue Life of Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    从志敏; 邹晓翎; 龚红仁

    2013-01-01

    为分析重载条件下沥青路面易产生车辙及疲劳病害的成因,基于弹性层状体系理论,利用ABAQUS有限元软件,分别通过车辙量和剪应力、基层疲劳模型表征路面车辙和疲劳寿命,研究了超重交通荷载对沥青路面车辙及疲劳寿命的影响.结果表明,当基层模量为0.4 GPa,轴载从100 kN增加到200 kN时,压密变形量增加了29.82%,路面内最大剪应力增加了24.7%,基层疲劳寿命缩减了95.30%;而当基层模量为2.0 GPa时,上述指标分别为27.67%,39.2%,99.26%.由此可知,重载对沥青路面结构破坏影响显著,且随着基层模量的增加,车辙和疲劳病害更加严重.研究结果有助于解释重交通路段沥青路面车辙及疲劳病害的成因.%In order to investigate the cause of the rutting and fatigue life of asphalt pavement under the heavy-load conditions, based on elastic layered system and through the finite computer ABAQUS,the relative amounts of rutting, shear stress, and base course's fatigue model were included to indicate the pavement rutting and fatigue life, respectively. The influence of heavy traffic loads on rutting and fatigue life of asphalt pavement were examined. The results show when the base modulus is 0. 4 GPa, axle load increases from 100 kN to 200 kN, the compression deformation increases about 29.82%, the maximum shear stress of asphalt pavement increases 24. 7%, the fatigue life of base course decreases 95. 30%. However, when the base modulus is 2. 0 GPa, the above indexes were 27. 67%,39. 2%,99. 26%. Thus,the influence of heavy-load on the asphalt pavement structure damage is significant,and with the increase of base course's modulus, the effect is serious. The results help to explain the causes of rutting and fatigue damage under the heavy traffic road.

  10. Permeable Pavement Research - Edison, New Jersey

    Science.gov (United States)

    This presentation provides the background and summary of results collected at the permeable pavement parking lot monitored at the EPA facility in Edison, NJ. This parking lot is surfaced with permeable interlocking concrete pavers (PICP), pervious concrete, and porous asphalt. ...

  11. Development of asphalts and pavements using recycled tire rubber. Phase 1, Technical feasibility. Technical progress report, September 1, 1994--August 31, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bullin, J.A.; Davison, R.R.; Glover, C.J. [and others

    1996-06-01

    About 285 million tires are discarded every year; less than 100 million are currently being recycled, with the rest being placed in landfills and other waste sites. A solution to reduce the littering of the environment is to use ground tire rubber in road construction. Currently, about 27 million tons of asphalt are used each year in road construction and maintenance of the country`s 2 million miles of roads. If all of the waste tire rubber could be combined with asphalt in road construction, it would displace less than 6% of the total asphalt used each year, yet could save about 60 trillion Btus annually. Purpose of this project is to provide data needed to optimize the performance of rubber-asphalt concretes. The first phase is to develop asphalts and recycling agents tailored for compatibility with ground tire rubber. Chapter 2 presents results on Laboratory Testing and Evaluation: fractionate asphalt material, reblending for aromatic asphalts, verifying optimal curing parameters, aging of blends, and measuring ductilities of asphalt-rubber binders. Chapter 3 focuses on Evaluating Mixture Characteristics (modified binders). Chapter 4 covers Adhesion Test Development (water susceptibility is also covered). The final chapter focuses on the Performance/Economic Update and Commercialization Plan.

  12. Research on Rutting Resistance of Asphalt Pavement Structure%沥青路面结构抗车辙的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高立波

    2011-01-01

    结合对某高速公路路面车擞近十年的跟踪检测和试验,从新的角度认识路面结构因素对路面车辙的影响,提出了路面结构组合设计原则和联结层设计理念及结构抗车辙措施。%Combined with the almost ten years of tracing inspection and test about an expressway pavement rutting, the influence of pavement structure on pavement rutting is recognized from a new angle. The design principle of pavement structure of pavement combination, design concept of binder course and rutting resistance measures are proposed.

  13. 基于模糊综合评价的沥青路面施工质量过程控制模型%Asphalt pavement construction quality process control model based on the fuzzy synthetic evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海滨

    2012-01-01

    There is a problem of control delay in the asphalt pavement construction quality control and if the quality control is effectively achieved it can ensure the engineering quality. The index system model of quality process control is proposed through analyzing the quality influence factors of the construction which the indexes are selected from materials, machines, staffs and technologies, then the right weight of pivotal index is valuated based on the principle of improved Analytic Hierarchy Process. It can realize multipoint control and real-time monitoring in the asphalt pavement construction process using fuzzy synthetic evaluation. The example of index of " staff" proves that the asphalt pavement construction quality control model based on the fuzzy synthetic evaluation is feasible and it can be used in the practical engineering.%沥青路面施工质量控制具有一定的滞后性,有效实现施工质量过程控制可以确保良好的工程质量.通过分析沥青路面施工过程中的质量影响因素,从材料、设备、人员、工艺4个方面选择质量控制指标,构建过程控制指标体系,并采用改进层次分析法确定各指标权重值.采用模糊综合评价方法对沥青路面施工质量过程实现分阶段的多点控制,实现有效实时的施工质量监控.人员指标过程控制实例证明,基于模糊综合评价的沥青路面施工质量控制模型是可行的,可以在实际工程中进行运用.

  14. 外加材料对乳化沥青冷再生混合料路用性能的影响%Effect of Additives on Pavement Performance of Cold Recycled Asphalt Emulsion Mixture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜少文

    2013-01-01

    The effect of three types of additives,including cement(C),hydrated lime(L) and hydrated lime-slag powder(LS) on the pavement performance of cold recycled asphalt emulsion mixture was investigated.Interface microstructure between new-old mastics in cold recycled asphalt emulsion mixture with cement was observed by scan electron microscopy,and then the strength improvement mechanism of cold recycled asphalt emulsion mixture by additives was analyzed.The test results show that the addition of cement can improve the indirect tensile strength,rutting resistance,water resistance and fatigue life of cold recycled asphalt emulsion mixture best,followed by hydrated lime-slag powder,hydrated lime is the last.The stiffness modulus of new mastic formed by hydrate products of cement or hydrated lime-slag powder with asphalt emulsion is similar with that of old mastic(aged asphalt mastic).Hydrate products has the bridge effect between new-old mastics,promoting the loading coordination and increasing the interface adhesive between new-old mastics,thus,the strength and pavement performance of cold recycled asphalt emulsion mixture can be improved.%研究了水泥、消石灰和消石灰矿渣粉3种外加材料对乳化沥青冷再生混合料路用性能的影响.采用扫描电镜观察了掺水泥乳化沥青冷再生混合料中新旧胶浆界面的显微结构,分析了外加材料对乳化沥青冷再生混合料强度的改善机理.结果表明:水泥对乳化沥青冷再生混合料的劈裂强度、高温稳定性、水稳性和疲劳寿命提高作用最大,消石灰矿渣粉次之,而消石灰最小.水泥或消石灰矿渣粉产生的水化产物与乳化沥青相互交织形成新胶浆,新胶浆劲度模量与严重老化的旧(沥青)胶浆劲度模量差别不大,同时水化产物能在新旧胶浆之间起“桥梁”作用,这促进了新旧胶浆之间的受力协调,大大改善了新旧胶浆之间的黏结,从而极大地提高了乳化沥青冷再生混

  15. Evaluation on Low Temperature Performance of Recycled Asphalt Mixture Using Warm Mix Asphalt Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaolan Duan,

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the basic idea is about the recycled technology of asphalt mixture, more in-depth study of the lowtemperature performance of warm mix asphalt(WMA.First of all, Including the evaluation of low temperature performance of WMA made of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP (passed and not passed 2.36mm screen, and the influence of WMA with RAP mixed of different dosage of dispersant. Then, using the SBS modified asphalt and base asphalt were test at low temperature, research on the influence of different type of asphalt to the low temperature performance of WMA.

  16. Improving Rutting Resistance of Pavement Structures Using Geosynthetics: An Overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sina Mirzapour Mounes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A pavement structure consists of several layers for the primary purpose of transmitting and distributing traffic loads to the subgrade. Rutting is one form of pavement distresses that may influence the performance of road pavements. Geosynthetics is one type of synthetic materials utilized for improving the performance of pavements against rutting. Various studies have been conducted on using different geosynthetic materials in pavement structures by different researchers. One of the practices is a reinforcing material in asphalt pavements. This paper intends to present and discuss the discoveries from some of the studies on utilizing geosynthetics in flexible pavements as reinforcement against permanent deformation (rutting.

  17. Improving rutting resistance of pavement structures using geosynthetics: an overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzapour Mounes, Sina; Karim, Mohamed Rehan; Khodaii, Ali; Almasi, Mohammad Hadi

    2014-01-01

    A pavement structure consists of several layers for the primary purpose of transmitting and distributing traffic loads to the subgrade. Rutting is one form of pavement distresses that may influence the performance of road pavements. Geosynthetics is one type of synthetic materials utilized for improving the performance of pavements against rutting. Various studies have been conducted on using different geosynthetic materials in pavement structures by different researchers. One of the practices is a reinforcing material in asphalt pavements. This paper intends to present and discuss the discoveries from some of the studies on utilizing geosynthetics in flexible pavements as reinforcement against permanent deformation (rutting).

  18. Theoretical Development and Engineering Practice of Pavements in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIU Yan-jun

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a comprehensive review of historical theory development and current construction practice of pavement engineering in China. Mechanical models, design guides, construction techniques, evaluation methods and maintenance standards are elaborated for Portland cement concrete (PCC) pavements and asphalt concrete (AC) pavements. Differences in design methodology among pavements of rural highways, urban roads and airport fields are discussed based on service requirements.Lessons and experiences based on the past 20 years' construction practice and pavement performance are summarized. Current research areas in pavement engineering associated with unconventional geological and/or landscaping in China's highway construction and national strategic plan for pavement engineering are also covered.

  19. Improving rutting resistance of pavement structures using geosynthetics: an overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzapour Mounes, Sina; Karim, Mohamed Rehan; Khodaii, Ali; Almasi, Mohammad Hadi

    2014-01-01

    A pavement structure consists of several layers for the primary purpose of transmitting and distributing traffic loads to the subgrade. Rutting is one form of pavement distresses that may influence the performance of road pavements. Geosynthetics is one type of synthetic materials utilized for improving the performance of pavements against rutting. Various studies have been conducted on using different geosynthetic materials in pavement structures by different researchers. One of the practices is a reinforcing material in asphalt pavements. This paper intends to present and discuss the discoveries from some of the studies on utilizing geosynthetics in flexible pavements as reinforcement against permanent deformation (rutting). PMID:24526919

  20. Knowledge Discovery and Pavement Performance: Intelligent Data Mining

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Miradi, M.

    2009-01-01

    The main goal of the study was to discover knowledge from data about asphalt road pavement problems to achieve a better understanding of the behavior of them and via this understanding improve pavement quality and enhance its lifespan. Four pavement problems were chosen to be investigated; raveling

  1. CJJ 169-2012《城镇道路路面设计规范》沥青路面设计方法浅析%Analysis of Design Methods for Asphalt Pavement in CJJ 169-2012“Code for Design of Urban Road Pavement”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洪; 谭练武

    2015-01-01

    This paper introduces design methods for urban road asphalt pavement from two aspects :one is brief introduction of design methods for asphalt pavement in CJJ 169 -2012 “Code for Design of Urban Road Pavement” according to design flow of asphalt pavement , the other is emphatic comment on major improvements , differences and some problems still existing in CJJ 169-2012 relative to design methods for asphalt pavement in design guidance documents including CJJ 37-90“Code for Design of Urban Roads”, JTG D50 -2006 “Code for Design of Highway Asphalt Pavement”, design methods in American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials ( AASHTO) and SHELL design method, etc., and proposes opinions and recommendations for these improvements , differences and existing problems .%从2方面对城镇道路沥青路面设计方法进行介绍:一是按照沥青路面设计流程简要介绍CJJ 169—2012《城镇道路路面设计规范》的沥青路面设计方法;二是重点评述CJJ 169—2012相对于CJJ 37—90《城市道路设计规范》、JTG D50—2006《公路沥青路面设计规范》、美国各州公路和运输官员协会( AASHTO)设计法以及SHELL设计法等设计指导文件中沥青路面设计方法进行的主要改进、区别以及依然存在的一些问题,并对这些改进、区别以及存在的问题提出看法和建议。

  2. Research of Semi-flexible Rubber Asphalt Pavement Construction Technology%半柔性橡胶沥青路面材料配合比设计方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄继城

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, it determine the volume method and substrate mixture ratio design method of asphalt mixture and cement mortar. Through laboratory tests,providing the basis for our research of semi-flexible pavement composite application and promotion.%本文针对橡胶粉改性沥青半柔性路面的配合比设计方法进行室内试验研究,分别采用体积法和正交法确定了基体沥青混合料及级配砂浆的配合比设计方法,为我国半柔性复合路面的应用和推广提供研究基础。

  3. 市政道路沥青路面建设质量若干问题与对策探析%Exploration of the Quality Problems and the Countermeasures of Municipal Road Asphalt Pavement Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁缨

    2014-01-01

    在城市化的基础设施中,市政道路在其中占据着核心领导作用。本文着重阐述了市政道路沥青路面建设的相关概况,分析了建设质量所存在的主要问题,并且对相关的对策加以解决。%Municipal road occupies a core leadership role in the urbanized infrastructure. This paper focused on a overview of the construction of the asphalt pavement in municipal road, analyzing the main problems existing in the construction quality and puting forward related solving countermeasures.

  4. The losing efficacy analysis and improving design on asphalt pavement planer cutter%沥青路面铣刨机刀具设计及失效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦曼华; 杨贺来; 薛蛮

    2000-01-01

    Bituminous road asphalt pavement planer is.a kind of popular road maintenance equipment. Based on the investigation of the machine's actual performance,the reasons of the cutter's losing efficacy from wearing and tearing were analysed and the methods to improve the installment and angle of the cutter were proposed.%沥青珞面铣刨机是一种常用的路面养护机械.根据现场使用情况的调查,分析了铣刨机刀具发生磨损失效的原因和正确的刀具几何角度与安装角度设计.

  5. Finite Element Analysis of Semi-rigid Asphalt Pavement Subjected to Dynamic Vehicle Load%动态载荷作用下半刚性沥青路面动力响应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈一锴; 何杰; 张卫华; 储庆中

    2012-01-01

    An analysis method investigating dynamic response of semi-rigid asphalt pavement under dynamic vehicle loads based on FVP (Functional Virtual Prototype) and FE (Finite Element) was advanced. The method is capable of analyzing stresses and strains under dynamic, static vehicle loads precisely, which is useful in predicting the fatigue life of semi-rigid asphalt pavement. Multi-DOF FVP model of truck- road was developed in ADAMS and validated with a ride comfort test, the characteristics of dynamic tire loads of wheels excited by B level road were found through simulation. As a 3-D visco-elastic FE model of a segment of semi-rigid asphalt pavement established based on multi-layer elastic system theory, pavement responses under single wheel and dual wheel were analyzed and compared with consideration of the rectangular contact area and the dynamic character, mobility of tire load. Simulation results indicate that the pavement fatigue damage is the comprehensive consequence of horizontal stresses, traverse stresses and vertical stresses induced by dynamic loads. And among which, the alternating variation of horizontal stresses is most important. In addition, the fatigue damage under dual tires is 1.92 times more than that under single tire.%基于功能化虚拟样机和有限元技术,提出一种精确车辆动态载荷作用下半刚性沥青路面响应的分析方法,可实现轮胎动、静载荷在半刚性沥青路面上的精确加载,从而准确预测路面疲劳寿命。基于车辆动力学原理,在ADAMS平台构建重型货车-路面高精度虚拟样机模型,通过实车平顺性实验验证其正确性;在B级路面输入下,通过仿真获得各轴动载荷变化规律;基于弹性层状体系理论构建半刚性沥青路面的3-D粘弹性有限元模型,在同时考虑车辆载荷动态性、移动性及轮胎矩形印迹的基础上,分别分析单、双轮载荷作用下的路面响应。仿真表明水平应力的交变变化是半刚

  6. Research and Prospect of Application of Recycled Wastes in Pavement of Asphalt Road%回收废料用于沥青道路铺筑的研究与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高惠; 刘念平

    2012-01-01

    道路铺筑和养护要消耗大量的集料和矿粉,回收料的替代使用有助于保护节约天然资源.结合沥青混合料和集料的各种路用指标,对各类可用作沥青道路铺筑的回收废料进行研究,其中包括钢渣、玻璃、塑料、橡胶、水泥、陶瓷等工业、建筑废料以及生活垃圾焚烧灰等.根据回收料的颗粒大小、硬度、粗糙度、孔隙率、弹性等特性,将它们分别用于道路各个层面结构中,其体现出与天然集料和矿粉相同甚至更优越的路用性能.%Pavement and maintenance of roads should consume a good deal of aggregates and mineral powders , and alternative use of recycled materials assists in protecting and saving natural resources. In combination with various road indices of asphalt mixtures and aggregates, this paper studies all types of recycled wastes used for pavement of asphalt roads, including industrial and construction wastes such as steel slag, glass, plastic, rubber, cement and ceramic, etc. as well as incineration ash of domestic garbage, etc. In according to their characteristics of grain size, hardness, roughness, porosity and elasticity, etc. the recycled wastes are applied in various bedding surface structures of roads respectively and embody the same road performance as natural aggregates and mineral powders and even more excellent.

  7. 环保多功能沥青除冰路面一体化设计研究%Environment-friendly multi-function asphalt pavement de-icing design and mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁庆军; 彭馨彦; 姜友生; 陈光新; 毛明

    2012-01-01

    依托湖北杭瑞高速公路工程,为降低沿线行车通过居民区带来的噪音污染,解决冬季路面积雪薄冰带来的行车安全问题,以具有一定结构除冰性能的高连通孔隙沥青路面材料为基体,选用橡胶高黏度改性沥青,并掺人环保型化学抑冰剂,开发设计具有除冰、降噪、抗滑功能材料路面.以不牺牲路用性能为前提,通过测试动稳定度、冻融劈裂强度比、飞散损失、抗剪强度等,确定环保型化学抑冰剂的掺量.同时利用驻波管法、手工铺砂法及轮版法测定空隙化分别为16%、20%、24%、28%的路面材料除冰性能、降噪性能和抗滑性能.测试结果表明,当环保型融雪除冰剂的掺量为2%,空隙率控制在20%左右时,高连通孔隙沥青材料的路面使用性能最佳,具有较好的除冰性能、降噪性能和抗滑性能.%The present study aims to introduce a new approach to reducing expressway noise pollution caused by the roadside traffic and relieving the traffic hazard caused by the snow-ice sliding in winter days by taking the Hangzhou-Ruili Expressway construction project as our case study. In proceeding with our research, we have done a series of experiments and tests for our goals by using high-sticking porous asphalt pavement material to lower the traffic noise by using modified high-viscosity rubber asphalt and environment-friendly organic-inorganic composite deicer to increase the skidding and sliding resistance so as to heighten the de-icing function of the road. In our experiments, we have repeatedly tested the dynamic stability, the freeze-thaw splitting strength ratio, the loss of sliding, shear strength and other parameters concerned so as to determine the appropriate dosage of environment-friendly organic-inorganic composite deicer. And, the eventually, the testing results prove that the pavement performance of the innovated composite pavement asphalt material can reduce the skidding and

  8. Nonlinear fatigue damage characteristics analysis of asphalt pavement considering interlayer contact%考虑层间接触的沥青路面非线性疲劳损伤特性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙志林; 黄晓明

    2012-01-01

    With the ABAQUS of the general finite element software and the secondary development platform, an asphalt pavement numerical model considering the pavement material nonlinear fatigue damage was established to analyze the influence of different contact condition on the damage degree at the bottom of the layer, the horizontal tensile stress at the bottom of the layer, the deflection on the surface of the pavement, and the fatigue life of the pavement structure. The results show that with the increase of the interlayer friction coefficient, the damage degree at the bottom of the base layer increases and the damage degree at the bottom of the sub-base layer decreases, and the two of them approach each other gradually. The horizontal tensile stress at the bottom of the base layer gradually decreases while the horizontal tensile stress at the bottom of the sub-base layer gradually increases. The deflection on the surface of the pavement decreases, the fatigue life of base decreases and the fatigue life of sub-base increases, and the two of them approaches each other gradually. In general, good interlayer contact condition can give full play to the role of various layer and enhance the carrying capacity of the structure.%运用通用有限元软件ABAQUS及其二次开发平台,建立考虑路面材料非线性疲劳损伤的沥青路面结构数值计算模型,分析不同层间接触状态对受损路面结构层底损伤度、结构层底水平正应力、路表弯沉以及对路面结构层疲劳寿命的影响.研究结果表明:随着面层与基层层间摩擦因数的逐步增大,基层层底损伤度逐步增加,底基层层底损伤度逐步减小,且两者逐渐接近;基层层底水平拉应力逐渐减小,底基层逐渐增大;路表弯沉逐渐减小;基层疲劳寿命减小,底基层疲劳寿命增加,且两者逐渐接近.总体来说,良好的层间接触状态能使各结构层充分发挥作用,从而增强结构整体承载能力.

  9. Research on Nonlinear Property and Granular Base Modulus of Flexible Base Asphalt Pavement%柔性基层沥青路面非线性特性及模量研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何兆益; 唐伯明

    2001-01-01

    Through laboratory research and theory analysis , the nonlinear property of semi-rigid asphalt pavement with granular (upper)base is studied and the modulus values of granular (upper)base is suggested. It is proved that the modulus of traditional flexible base is further smaller than granular(upper)base.In addition, the nonlinear property of granular (upper)base is advantageous to the fatigue of pavement.%从室内试验和理论分析两方面研究具有碎石上基层的半刚性沥青路面非线性特性和碎石上基层模量合理取值,研究结果表明碎石上基层具有比传统柔性基层高得多的弹性模量,此外碎石上基层非线性特性有利于重交通对路面的疲劳作用。

  10. Application Research on Preventing Measures against Reflection Cracks of Asphalt Concrete Surface Covering Old Cement Pavement%旧水泥路面沥青加铺层防反射裂缝措施的应用与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张泽鹏; 王钊

    2014-01-01

    In this paper,the five common prevention measures against reflection crack that produced in asphalt concrete pavement covering an old cement concrete pavement have been introduced,including self-adhesive belt, thermal bonding belt,SAMI stress absorbing layer,geotextile and glass fiber grid. Through indoor fatigue tests and outdoor tests,comparison and analysis on application characteristic of the five prevention measures have been put forward.%针对旧水泥混凝土路面沥青加铺层结构中自粘式压缝带、热粘式压缝带、SAMI 应力吸收层、土工布及玻纤格栅等常用的五种延缓反射裂缝的处理措施,通过对其进行室内疲劳试验分析和室外试验评价,对比分析这五种处理措施的应用特点。

  11. 碳纤维-玻纤格栅抗凝冰沥青路面对策研究%Ice-melting Countermeasure Research of Carbon Fiber-glass Fiber Grille Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红; 张谢东

    2013-01-01

    针对贵州地区凝冰危害等级,为了制订与凝冰危害等级相对应的抗凝冰路面响应对策,采取了将凝冰危害等级转换为凝冰厚度指标后再进一步研究抗凝冰路面响应对策的策略.在进行指标转换后,进一步研究了碳纤维-玻纤格栅抗凝冰沥青路面的融凝冰功率-升温时间关系、融凝冰能力,最后提出了具体的响应贵州地区凝冰危害的对策.%For the Guizhou province ice warning level,to make the anti-ice asphalt pavement response measures adapt for the ice warning level,the paper converted the warning level to ice thickness indicators before studying the ice-melting countermeasures.Then the paper further studied the relationship of ice-melting power-heating-up-time and ice-melting-ability of the pavement,and finally put forward specific response countermeasures to the ice warning.

  12. The Construction Technology and Quality Control of Hot Mix Asphalt Concrete Pavement%热拌沥青混凝土路面施工工艺及质量控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢宪法

    2014-01-01

    热拌沥青混凝土作为公路路面施工的重要组成部分,其选材、施工工艺、质量控制等流程对公路的建成性能都具有决定性的影响。笔者结合近年来的学习工作经验,主要从材料、沥青混凝土的配比、施工工艺、质量控制几个方面作简要阐述。%Hot mix asphalt concrete as an important part of highway pavement construction, the material selection, constr-uction technology and quality control hasa decisive influence on the process of highway completed performance. The author combines with work experience in recent years to elaborate from several aspects of material, the ratio of asphalt concrete, construction technology, and quality control, etc.

  13. 基于公路沥青面层的碎石针状颗粒超量分析%On overfilling analysis of gravel needle-shaped particles based on asphalt pavement of roads

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛艳霞

    2015-01-01

    The paper illustrates the quality demands for the concrete asphalt layer on the gravels,introduces the basic procedure for the manufac-turing of the gravel materials,and analyzes the reasons for the higher contents of the needle-shaped particles in gravels,and points out the effec-tive measures to control the particles contents,so as to ensure the construction quality of the asphalt pavement of roads.%阐述了混凝土沥青面层对碎石的质量要求,介绍了碎石集料生产工艺的基本流程,从原材料、喂料、加工工艺等方面入手,分析了碎石针片状颗粒含量偏高的原因,并提出了控制针状碎石含量的有效措施,从而保证公路沥青面层的施工质量。

  14. Environmental Benefits of Warm Mix Asphalt

    OpenAIRE

    Zaumanis, M; OLESEN, E

    2010-01-01

    WMA is a relatively new technology that allows significant lowering of the production and pavement temperature of conventional hot mix asphalt (HMA). It promises various benefits, but probably the most significant is the possibility to reduce carbon footprint of asphalt thus supporting the demands of Kyoto protocol for lowering greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere.

  15. Resonance Testing of Asphalt Concrete

    OpenAIRE

    Gudmarsson, Anders

    2014-01-01

    This thesis present novel non-destructive laboratory test methods to characterize asphalt concrete. The testing is based on frequency response measurements of specimens where resonance frequencies play a key role to derive material properties such as the complex modulus and complex Poisson’s ratio. These material properties are directly related to pavement quality and used in thickness design of pavements. Since conventional cyclic loading is expensive, time consuming and complicated to perfo...

  16. Study on Influence Factors of Anti-shear Performance of High Grade Asphalt Concrete Pavement%高等级沥青混凝土路面抗剪性能影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志强

    2014-01-01

    Based on the multilayered elastic system theory and the GAMES software,considering the thickness of pavement structure courses,the stiffness and the interface condition,the paper analyzed the change law of anti-shear performance of the asphalt pavement.The results show that:the effect of the thickness of the surface course and the base course on the asphalt pavement is insignificant,so it is a waste of cost to increase the thickness of the surface course and the base course to enhance the shearing capability;the shear stress peak value in the surface course would be reduced by increasing the modulus of base course,but the change is not obvious,which indicates that it does little to promote the anti-shear performance by increasing the modulus of base course;the more the modulus ratio between the wearing course and the mid-course,the greater the shear stress peak value in the surface course,which can be ob-viously seen;the shear stress peak value in the surface course would be reduced by the decrease of inter-facial bonding performance.%运用多层弹性体系理论,以 GAMES 软件为力学分析工具,考虑路面结构层厚度、基面层模量及层间状态等因素,分析沥青路面抗剪性能的变化规律。结果表明:沥青路面剪应力峰值受面层厚度和基层厚度影响不明显,通过增加面层厚度和基层厚度提高路面抗剪性能加重了经济成本,收效甚微;面层内剪应力峰值随基层模量增加而减小,但变化不明显,说明增加基层模量对沥青路面抗剪性能的提高作用不大;上面层与中面层模量比越大,上面层内剪应力峰值越大,且这种影响较为明显;在层间粘结减弱的过程中,面层内最大剪应力峰值随之减小。

  17. 沥青路面反射裂缝扩展机理与防裂效果分析%Analysis on Propagation Mechanism of Asphalt Pavement Reflective Crack and Anti-Cracking Effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙雅珍; 翟晓星; 李宁

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to research the propagation mechanism of reflective crack and the anti-cracking effect of geosynthetics in semi-rigid base asphalt pavement. Using surface base stress and stress intensity factor analyses the propagation mechanism of semi-rigid base asphalt pavement reflective crack under different load function. Applying numerical analysis evaluates the anti-cracking effect of geosynthetics. Under symmetrical load, reflective cracks can not propagate. Under asymmetrical load, it will cause shearing type crack. Under temperature load,it will cause tensile type crack. After paving geosynthetics at asphalt surface base, the shear stress and tensile stress of surface base are decreased and the stress intensity factor of crack tip is also decreased. Under different load function, reflective cracks have different propagation mode. Geosynthetics can relieve the stress concentration of crack tip. Its anti-cracking effect is obvious.%目的 揭示半刚性基层沥青路面反射裂缝的扩展机理,确定土工合成材料的防裂效果.方法 利用面层底部应力和应力强度因子法分析合反射裂缝沥青路面结构在不同荷载作用下的裂缝扩展机理,并应用数值分析的方法来评价土工合成材料的防裂效果.结果 在正荷载作用下,裂缝不会扩展;在偏荷载作用下,会产生剪切型裂缝;在温度荷载作用下,会产生张开型裂缝.沥青面层底部加铺土工合成材料后,面层底部裂缝处产生的切应力与拉应力以及裂缝尖端的应力强度因子均得到了明显的减小.结论 在不同的荷载作用下,反射裂缝具有不同的扩展方式.土工合成材料可以有效地缓解裂缝尖端的应力集中,防裂效果明显.

  18. Asphalt solar collectors: A literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Bobes-Jesús, Vanesa; Pascual Muñoz, Pablo; Castro Fresno, Daniel; Rodríguez Hernández, Jorge

    2013-01-01

    Asphalt pavements subject to solar radiation can reach high temperatures causing not only environmental problems such as the heat island effect on cities but also structural damage due to rutting or hardening as a result of thermal cycles. Asphalt solar collectors are doubly effective active systems: as they solve the previously mentioned problems and, moreover, they can harness energy to be used in different applications. The main findings of the existing research on asphalt solar collectors...

  19. Application of Energy Efficient Warm Mix Asphalt Concrete in Pavement Construction in Extremely Cold Areas%低能耗温拌沥青混凝土施工技术在高寒地区路面工程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐忠平; 宋远慧

    2011-01-01

    温拌温铺沥青混凝土初次在青藏高原公路施工技术上的尝试和应用,克服了低温作业的影响,有效降低有害气体和粉尘颗粒排放,同时又保证了与热拌沥青混凝土基本相同的路用性能和施工和易性,为工程顺利实施赢得时间效益。%The first application of warm mix asphalt concrete in highway construction in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau overcame the impact of low temperature,reduced harmful gas and dust particles effectively and at the same time ensured the same pavement performance and construction workability with that of hot mix asphalt,which gained time efficiency for successful implementation of pavement engineering.

  20. 旧水泥混凝土路面加铺水泥-泡沫沥青半柔性混合料的力学响应分析%Analysis of mechanical response of semi-flexible mixture material of cement-foam asphalt overlayed on old concrete pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀君; 李梦晨; 武昭融

    2013-01-01

    Aimed at the problem that old concrete pavement overlayed with asphalt surface is prone to reflective cracking,the paper proposed that the old concrete pavement overlayed with the semi-flexible mixture of cement-foam asphalt should significantly reduce the possibility of surface cracking.In order to guide pavement structure design,the paper studied the mechanical performance of the old concrete pavement by using ANSYS finite-element method,and got the conclusion that the method would significantly reduce the tensile stress and maximum shearing stress in asphalt layer and relieve the cracking of the asphalt pavement.In addition,it would reduce the sensitivity of asphalt surface crack width of the old cement board.The thickness of semi-flexible mixture material paved on the old concrete pavement should not less than 8cm.%针对旧水泥路面加铺沥青面层易出现反射裂缝问题,本文提出在旧水泥混凝土路面上铺筑水泥-泡沫沥青半柔性混合料再铺筑沥青面层,可显著降低面层开裂的可能性.为合理指导路面结构设计,论文采用ANSYS有限元软件进行路面结构力学计算,研究水泥-泡沫沥青半柔性混合料对路面结构力学的响应.研究得出旧水泥板上加铺水泥-泡沫沥青半柔性材料,可显著减弱沥青面层层底拉应力及层内最大剪应力,可有效缓解沥青层的反射裂缝的出现,同时还可以显著降低沥青面层对旧水泥板裂缝宽度的敏感性.在旧水泥混凝土板上加铺水泥-泡沫沥青半柔性混合料,其厚度不宜低于8 cm.

  1. Comparison of laboratory test performance between asphalt-rubber hot mix and dense graded asphalt concrete

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Jorge B.; Pais, Jorge C.; Stubstad, Richard N.

    2000-01-01

    "Reflective cracking in pavements : research in practice" contains the Proceedings of the 4th International RILEM Conference on Reflective Cracking in Pavements (Proceedings PRO11). Asphalt-Rubber Hot-Mix (ARHM) has shown a higher resistance to flexural and reflective fatigue cracking, and also to permanent deformation, than conventional Dense Graded Asphalt Concrete (DGAC). Experience has demonstrated that with ARHM, a significant reduction in overlay thickness is possible, especially in...

  2. 层间接触位置和状态对沥青路面力学指标的影响%Influence of Interlayer Contacting Surface and Condition on Mechanical Indexes of Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张争奇; 张苛; 罗要飞

    2015-01-01

    In order to study the influence of interlayer contacting surfaces and condition on me-chanical index of asphalt pavement,the paper selected typical semi-rigid base pavement structure of ex-pressway.The pavement mechanical indexes under different contacting surface were calculated by BISAR 3.0.The changing laws of asphalt pavement mechanical indexes and fatigue life under different contac-ting condition between base and surface course were discussed.The results show that:the influence of smooth condition between surface courses,surface course and base,base and subbase on tensile stress, tensile strain and shear stress is prominent.Deflection is slightly affected by different interlayer contacting surface.The stress and strain of pavement increase gradually with the increasing of sliding coefficient be-tween base and surface course.The tensile stress,shear stress and tensile strain of following layer under completely sliding condition are 2.93 times,2.45 times and 69.36 times of fully continuous condition re-spectively.Decreasing range of fatigue life is small when the sliding coefficient between base and surface course is less than 0.6,then decreasing range increases.When the base and surface course are in com-pletely smooth,the fatigue life declines 44.5%.%为研究沥青路面层间接触位置和接触状态对路面结构内力学指标的影响,选择典型的高速公路半刚性基层路面结构,利用 BISAR3.0软件计算分析不同层间接触位置时的路面力学指标,并探讨不同基面层接触状态下沥青路面力学响应和疲劳寿命的变化规律。结果表明:面层与面层、面层与基层、基层与底基层之间在完全光滑时对拉应力、拉应变、剪应力影响显著,弯沉受层间接触位置的影响变化不大;随着基面层间滑动系数的增加,路面结构内的应力、应变逐渐增大,在完全滑动时下面层底的拉应力、剪应力和拉应变分别是完全连续时的2.93倍、2

  3. Design of microwave absorbing asphalt mixture pavement material%吸波沥青混合料路面材料设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁斌; 刘銮成; 李敬才

    2012-01-01

    Directing against low microwave absorbing property of limestone aggregate asphalt mixture,asphalt mixture absorbing microwave with 3∶ 7 and limestone aggregate was prepared.The mixture was heated with a microwave oven for 60 s and the surface temperature was measured.The results indicate that the asphalt mixture absorbing microwave had higher temperature enhancement efficiency.%针对普通石灰岩集料沥青混合料吸波效率低等问题,按照铁矿石集料与普通石灰岩集料体积比3∶7,配制吸波沥青混合料,利用微波炉并加热60 s后,测试混合料表面温度差别,结果表明,吸波沥青混合料具有明显的升温效率高的特点。

  4. Polymer Blends Modified Asphalt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ Asphalt is an important low-cost thermo-plastic material which is widely used for construction, in particular as road-paving. Therefore it is exposed to a wide range of load and weather conditions. Increasing traffic factors, such as heavier loads, higher traffic volume and higher tire pressure demand higher performance pavements. However, this kind of materials does not have good mechanical properties because it is hard and brittle in cold weather, and soft and fluid in a hot environment.

  5. Linking asphalt binder fatigue to asphalt mixture fatigue performance using viscoelastic continuum damage modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safaei, Farinaz; Castorena, Cassie; Kim, Y. Richard

    2016-04-01

    Fatigue cracking is a major form of distress in asphalt pavements. Asphalt binder is the weakest asphalt concrete constituent and, thus, plays a critical role in determining the fatigue resistance of pavements. Therefore, the ability to characterize and model the inherent fatigue performance of an asphalt binder is a necessary first step to design mixtures and pavements that are not susceptible to premature fatigue failure. The simplified viscoelastic continuum damage (S-VECD) model has been used successfully by researchers to predict the damage evolution in asphalt mixtures for various traffic and climatic conditions using limited uniaxial test data. In this study, the S-VECD model, developed for asphalt mixtures, is adapted for asphalt binders tested under cyclic torsion in a dynamic shear rheometer. Derivation of the model framework is presented. The model is verified by producing damage characteristic curves that are both temperature- and loading history-independent based on time sweep tests, given that the effects of plasticity and adhesion loss on the material behavior are minimal. The applicability of the S-VECD model to the accelerated loading that is inherent of the linear amplitude sweep test is demonstrated, which reveals reasonable performance predictions, but with some loss in accuracy compared to time sweep tests due to the confounding effects of nonlinearity imposed by the high strain amplitudes included in the test. The asphalt binder S-VECD model is validated through comparisons to asphalt mixture S-VECD model results derived from cyclic direct tension tests and Accelerated Loading Facility performance tests. The results demonstrate good agreement between the asphalt binder and mixture test results and pavement performance, indicating that the developed model framework is able to capture the asphalt binder's contribution to mixture fatigue and pavement fatigue cracking performance.

  6. Linking asphalt binder fatigue to asphalt mixture fatigue performance using viscoelastic continuum damage modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safaei, Farinaz; Castorena, Cassie; Kim, Y. Richard

    2016-08-01

    Fatigue cracking is a major form of distress in asphalt pavements. Asphalt binder is the weakest asphalt concrete constituent and, thus, plays a critical role in determining the fatigue resistance of pavements. Therefore, the ability to characterize and model the inherent fatigue performance of an asphalt binder is a necessary first step to design mixtures and pavements that are not susceptible to premature fatigue failure. The simplified viscoelastic continuum damage (S-VECD) model has been used successfully by researchers to predict the damage evolution in asphalt mixtures for various traffic and climatic conditions using limited uniaxial test data. In this study, the S-VECD model, developed for asphalt mixtures, is adapted for asphalt binders tested under cyclic torsion in a dynamic shear rheometer. Derivation of the model framework is presented. The model is verified by producing damage characteristic curves that are both temperature- and loading history-independent based on time sweep tests, given that the effects of plasticity and adhesion loss on the material behavior are minimal. The applicability of the S-VECD model to the accelerated loading that is inherent of the linear amplitude sweep test is demonstrated, which reveals reasonable performance predictions, but with some loss in accuracy compared to time sweep tests due to the confounding effects of nonlinearity imposed by the high strain amplitudes included in the test. The asphalt binder S-VECD model is validated through comparisons to asphalt mixture S-VECD model results derived from cyclic direct tension tests and Accelerated Loading Facility performance tests. The results demonstrate good agreement between the asphalt binder and mixture test results and pavement performance, indicating that the developed model framework is able to capture the asphalt binder's contribution to mixture fatigue and pavement fatigue cracking performance.

  7. Evaluation on Low Temperature Performance of Recycled Asphalt Mixture Using Warm Mix Asphalt Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaolan Duan,; Chunge Li

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, the basic idea is about the recycled technology of asphalt mixture, more in-depth study of the lowtemperature performance of warm mix asphalt(WMA).First of all, Including the evaluation of low temperature performance of WMA made of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) (passed and not passed 2.36mm screen), and the influence of WMA with RAP mixed of different dosage of dispersant. Then, using the SBS modified asphalt and base asphalt were test at low temperature, researc...

  8. Preliminary evaluation of the lifecycle costs and market barriers of reflective pavements; TOPICAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the life cycle costs and market barriers associated with using reflective paving materials in streets and parking lots as a way to reduce the urban heat island effect. We calculated and compared the life cycle costs of conventional asphalt concrete (AC) pavements to those of other existing pavement technologies with higher reflectivity-portland cement concrete (PCC), porous pavements, resin pavements, AC pavements using light-colored chip seals, and AC pavements using light-colored asphalt emulsion additives. We found that for streets and parking lots, PCC can provide a cost-effective alternative to conventional AC when severely damaged pavements must be completely reconstructed. We also found that rehabilitating damaged AC streets and intersections with thin overlays of PCC (ultra-thin white topping) can often provide a cost-effective alternative to standard rehabilitation techniques using conventional AC. Chip sealing is a common maintenance treatment for low-volume streets which, when applied using light-colored chips, could provide a reflective pavement surface. If the incremental cost of using light-colored chips is low, this chip sealing method could also be cost-effective, but the incremental costs of light-colored chips are as of yet uncertain and expected to vary. Porous pavements were found to have higher life cycle costs than conventional AC in parking lots, but several cost-saving features of porous pavements fell outside the boundaries of this study. Resin pavements were found to be only slightly more expensive than conventional AC, but the uncertainties in the cost and performance data were large. The use of light-colored additives in asphalt emulsion seal coats for parking lot pavements was found to be significantly more expensive than conventional AC, reflecting its current niche market of decorative applications. We also proposed two additional approaches to increasing the reflectivity of conventional AC

  9. Preliminary evaluation of the lifecycle costs and market barriers of reflective pavements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ting, M.; Koomey, J.G.; Pomerantz, M.

    2001-11-21

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the life cycle costs and market barriers associated with using reflective paving materials in streets and parking lots as a way to reduce the urban heat island effect. We calculated and compared the life cycle costs of conventional asphalt concrete (AC) pavements to those of other existing pavement technologies with higher reflectivity-portland cement concrete (PCC), porous pavements, resin pavements, AC pavements using light-colored chip seals, and AC pavements using light-colored asphalt emulsion additives. We found that for streets and parking lots, PCC can provide a cost-effective alternative to conventional AC when severely damaged pavements must be completely reconstructed. We also found that rehabilitating damaged AC streets and intersections with thin overlays of PCC (ultra-thin white topping) can often provide a cost-effective alternative to standard rehabilitation techniques using conventional AC. Chip sealing is a common maintenance treatment for low-volume streets which, when applied using light-colored chips, could provide a reflective pavement surface. If the incremental cost of using light-colored chips is low, this chip sealing method could also be cost-effective, but the incremental costs of light-colored chips are as of yet uncertain and expected to vary. Porous pavements were found to have higher life cycle costs than conventional AC in parking lots, but several cost-saving features of porous pavements fell outside the boundaries of this study. Resin pavements were found to be only slightly more expensive than conventional AC, but the uncertainties in the cost and performance data were large. The use of light-colored additives in asphalt emulsion seal coats for parking lot pavements was found to be significantly more expensive than conventional AC, reflecting its current niche market of decorative applications. We also proposed two additional approaches to increasing the reflectivity of conventional AC

  10. 沥青玛蹄脂碎石混合料路面施工与质量控制%Stone Mastic Asphalt Pavement Construction and Quality Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石霖凯

    2011-01-01

    According to the practice of highway construction engineering,combined with construction characteristics of stone mastic asphalt(SMA) pavement,the construction technology of SMA pavement and the main influencing factors of construction quality are analyzed,and the control measures of SMA pavement construction quality are represented from the aspects of mixing,transportation,paving,compacting and seaming of SMA in this paper.The results show that only strictly according to construction technology and control measures can ensure pavement quality to meet the requirements.%根据公路建设工程实践,并结合沥青玛蹄脂碎石混合料路面(SMA)施工特点,分析了SMA路面施工工艺及影响路面施工质量的主要因素,从混合料的拌合、运输、摊铺、碾压、接缝等方面,阐述了SMA路面施工质量的控制措施。研究结果表明,只要严格按照施工工艺组织施工并控制施工过程中的每个环节,就能保证路面质量符合要求。

  11. A review of asphalt and asphalt mixture aging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilmar Darío Fernández-Gómez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an extensive review of the pertinent literature regarding asphalt and asphalt mixture Aging. Aging affects flexible pavement performance and is produced by intrinsic and extrinsic variables as well as exposure time. Intrinsic variables include asphalt and aggregate properties, a mixture’s asphalt content, binder film thickness and air void content; extrinsic variables are associated with production (short-term aging and exposure to environmental field conditions (long-term aging. Taken together, both variables demonstrate that aging results from three distinct mechanisms: volatilisation, oxidation and steric hardening. Temperature, pressure and photo degradation treatments are used to simulate aging in the laboratory and empirical and semi-empirical models are created to represent and study aging. Aging increases asphalt complex modulus and decreases the phase angle. Mixtures become stiffer while fatigue life becomes reduced. Carbonyl and sulfoxide group formation in asphalt are often studied as such chemical changes show oxidation in aged asphalts. The prevailing models used to predict asphalt aging are discussed, though more comprehensive research into asphalt aging is still needed.

  12. 层间状态对沥青路面疲劳开裂与位移的影响%Influence of Interfacial Bond on Fatigue Crack and Displacement of Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚红仁; 邹晓翎; 朱洪洲; 从志敏; 赵殿鹏

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to investigate the causes of the interlayer debonding, slippage and fatigue cracking of asphalt pavement. Based on elastic layered system, the BISAR and finite computer program ABAQUS were used, reduced spring compliance(ALK) and Pell's fatigue model were included to indicate the interfacial bonding state and predict fatigue life, respectively. The influence of interfacial bond state on fatigue life, surface and interlayer displacement of asphalt pavement were examined. The results showed when interlayer condition turn from full-bond to intermediate or slip, the fatigue life of asphalt pavement decreases sharply, in the case of slip, it is only 1% that of full bond. With horizontal force applied, horizontal displacement at surface was greatly influenced by interlayer bond. Both in cases with or without horizontal force, the tensile strain at the bottom of the wearing course was influenced largely. Besides, the impact depth of tensile strain increased for the existence of horizontal force. The existence of horizontal force and bad interlayer bond condition were in the contributors to the surface initiated cracking.%为了分析沥青路面层间脱开、滑移和疲劳开裂病害的成因,基于弹性层状体系理论,利用BISAR程序和ABAQUS有限元分析软件,分别通过减缩弹簧柔量ALK、Pell疲劳模型表征层间结合状态和路面疲劳性能,研究了有无水平力作用时ALK对沥青路面疲劳寿命、路表位移和层间位移的影响.结果表明:沥青路面疲劳寿命由层间连续转变为非连续时迅速下降,层间光滑状态下的疲劳寿命仅为连续时的1%;有水平力作用时,层间结合状态(连续、半结合、光滑)对路表水平位移影响显著;无论有无水平力作用,层间结合对磨耗层层底的弯拉应变分布有重要影响,且水平力会使路面结构层内的弯拉应力分布的深度增加;水平荷载作用和层间接触不良是自上而下型

  13. Evaluation of Asphalt Concrete Pavement Based on Passenger Ride Comfort Level%基于驾乘舒适性的沥青混凝土路面评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锋; 张金喜

    2014-01-01

    In order to provide a theoretical basis for the ride comfort level evaluation, daily management,and maintenance of asphalt concrete pavement,the performance parameters and three-directional acceleration data of highway pavements were measured indoors and outdoors. Using these data,the relationship between the mean square of weighted acceleration and the pavement performance was studied. A linear regression equation that reflects the relationship between the root mean square of weighed acceleration,speed,and roughness was obtained by fitting 214 groups of experimental data. In addition,the outdoor experimental results were verified using a driving simulator. The results show that the root mean square of weighed acceleration is strongly correlated with roughness,moderately correlated with the speed,and weakly correlated with the dynamic friction coefficient. Given a certain dynamic friction coefficient,the ride comfort level of an asphalt concrete pavement reduces with its roughness and driving speed increasing. When the roughness is 1. 35 and 3. 05 mm/m,the maximum speed with an appropriate ride comfort level is 124. 1 and 88. 7 km/h,respectively.%为给沥青混凝土路面舒适性评价及日常管理养护提供理论依据,在测得室内外大量道路路面性能参数及三向加速度数据的基础上,研究了加权加速度均方根值与道路路面性能参数之间的关系.运用214组有效室外实验数据,拟合了加权加速度均方根、行驶速度与平整度关系的线性回归方程,并用驾驶模拟舱对室外实验结论进行了验证.结果表明:加权加速度均方根与平整度强相关,与速度中等程度相关,与动态摩擦系数弱相关,在动态摩擦系数一定的条件下,驾乘舒适性随平整度及行驶速度的增加而降低;当平整度为1.35和3.05 mm/m时,满足驾乘舒适性的最大速度分别为124.1和88.7 km/h.

  14. Performance of Drained and Undrained Flexible Pavement Structures Under Wet Conditions Test Data From Accelerated Pavement Test Section 543-Drained

    OpenAIRE

    Harvey, John; Bejarano, Manuel O.; Ali, Abdikarim; Russo, Mark; Mahama, David; Hung, Dave; Preedonant, Pitipat

    2004-01-01

    This report is the first in a series of four reports that describe the results of accelerated pavement tests on full-scale pavements with “wet†base conditions at the Pavement Research Center, located at the University of California Berkeley Richmond Field Station (RFS). The report contains a summary of the results and associated analysis of a pavement section comprised of three lifts of asphalt concrete, an asphalt treated permeable base (ATPB) layer, and untreated aggregate base layers o...

  15. 连续配筋混凝土复合式沥青路面层间剪应力及结构%Interlaminar Shear Stress and Structure of Continuously Reinforced Concrete Composite Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李盛; 刘朝晖; 李宇峙

    2012-01-01

    针对连续配筋混凝土复合式沥青路面(CRC+AC)结构的特点和现有研究的不足,运用传热学理论、力学理论和有限元法,计算和分析了层间剪应力的临界荷位和影响因素;通过室内试验和工程实践,研究了基于层间剪应力的层间结构和材料及CRC层表面处理技术.研究结果表明:层间抗剪强度不足会使CRC+AC结构层间出现纵向和侧向滑移;层间最大剪应力随AC层厚度和模量的增大而减小,且随AC层厚度增加而减小的趋势更为明显,CRC层厚度对层间最大剪应力的影响很小;通过计算分析并结合试验路修筑经验和检测结果,建议CRC+AC结构AC层的厚度不宜小于6cm;建议采用喷洒式结构对CRC+AC结构的层间进行处理,并选用SBS改性沥青作为喷洒沥青,采用裸化技术对CRC层表面进行处理.研究结果可为刚柔复合式沥青路面的合理设计提供重要参考.%Focused on the characteristics and the flaws of existing studies of CRC + AC composite asphalt pavement structure, by using heat transfer theory, mechanics theory and finite element method, the critical * load position and the influencing factors of the interlaminar shear stress were calculated and analyzed. The interlaminar structure and materials, and CRC layer surface treatment technology based on interlaminar shear stress were researched by indoor experiment and engineering practice. The results show that (1) longitudinal and lateral slips would occur in CRC + AC structure due to lacking of interlaminar shear strength; (2 ) the interlaminar maximum shear stress decreases with the thickness and modulus of AC layer, and the decrease trend is more obvious with the increase of thickness of AC layer, the thickness of CRC layer has little effect on the interlaminar maximum shear stress. By analysis and calculating, and combined with measurment and construction experience of test road, it is recommended that the thickness of AC layer should

  16. 基于五维光纤传感器的沥青路面动水压力测量的研究%Measurement of Dynamic Water Pressure of Asphalt Pavement by Five-Dimensional Optical Fiber Sensor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    基于国内外已有的研究成果,介绍了一种自行研发的五维光纤传感器,用于测量沥青路面结构内的动水压力.该传感器应用光纤传感原理,采用十字梁结构将4个光纤传感器固定,并填充水泥混凝土以稳定及保护传感器.将五维传感器埋设于路面,并使之处于饱水状态.当加载车辆以不同速度驶过时,光纤光栅将传递压应变信号,然后由调制解调器接收信号,即可测量出动水压力值.实测结果发现,动水压力呈正负压交替现象,且最大正压力可达到0.115 MPa,最大负压力达到0.073 MPa.各方向的动水压力均不相同,但均随车速递增.%Based on domestic and foreign studies, a method used for measuring the dynamic water pressure of asphalt pavement by five-dimensional optical fiber sensor was proposed. According to the sensing principl, a five dimensional fiber optic sensor was prepared by fixing four optical fiber sensors on a crossbeam. In addition, the concrete cement was used to stabilize and protect the sensor. Test of dynamic water pressure was conducted by embedding the sensor in the asphalt pavement, which was kept in water-saturated state. When the vehicles passed the test section at different speeds, the signals of compressive strain could be transferred to the modulator demodulator by the fiber grating. Therefore, the dynamic water pressure in different directions could be collected during the whole process. It can be concluded that dynamic water pressure presents a continuing exchanging process of positive and negative pressure. The maximum positive pressure is about 0.115 MPa and the maximum negative pressure is about 0.073 MPa. The dynamic water pressure in all directions varies much, but it all increase with the increase of the vehicle speed.

  17. Long Life Pavements; Firmes de larga duracion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mateos Moreno, A.; Marron Fernandez, J. O.; Perez Ayuso, J.

    2009-07-01

    The existence of long-life pavements is not new; they have been built in Europe and the United States for decades. In fact, the concept arises from the observation of in-service roads; it was verified how particular pavements, initially designed for a 20-year service life, did not seem to have reduced the bearing capacity along the time, and its maintenance necessities had been exclusively focused on the wearing course. The base idea of long-life pavements is the existence of a fatigue threshold below which the damage produced by each load application is, in practice, zero or below the healing potential of the asphalt mix. The use practice of long-life pavements design considers a pavements constituted by three asphalt layers, each one with a very specific role: a wearing course that provides with the surface characteristics, an intermediate course that provides with most of the structural capacity and a base course that provides with the fatigue resistance. Furthermore, one of the particularities is the design against specific distress mechanisms. Maintenance strategy also presents specific particularities for long-life pavements. It is essentially focused on the detection of surface deterioration, and the appropriate and timely repair, before the damage extends beyond the wearing course, putting into risk the structural integrity of the pavement. Nowadays, this new way to conceive the design, the construction and the maintenance of road pavements, constitutes one of the main challenges for pavement engineering worldwide. (Author) 5 refs.

  18. 冰劈效应对沥青路面表面裂缝的影响性分析%Impact of Ice-split Effect to Surface Cracking in Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵岩荆; 倪富健

    2011-01-01

    In order to investigate the impact of ice-split on the propagation of the asphalt pavement surface cracking in the alternate freezing and thawing seasons, the pavement structure model was built by utilizing ABAQUS based on fracture mechanics. The variations of stress intensity factor under ice-split effect, thermal shrinkage effect and combination of both effects on pavement surface cracking were calculated. Besides, the effects of ponding depth in crack gap, crack width and crack length were evaluated. The Pearson correlation coefficients between these stress intensity factors were analyzed as well. The results indicate that ( 1 ) only a little of ponding in the crack gap can cause high stress intensify factor level under the ice-split effect, the stress intensify factor increases with the ponding depth increases, but the increasing degree decreases; (2)bigger crack width can result in the crack propagation more rapidly under ice-split effect, while the crack length has little effect on the stress intensity factor; (3) when there are both ice-split effect and thermal shrinkage effect exist, the Pearson related coefficient between the stress intensity factors which caused by the stress intensity factor and ice-split effect reaches over 0. 99; (4) the thermal shrinkage effect is not significant than the ice-split effect while inducing stress intensity factors. Therefore, the crack on the surface of pavement should be repaired as soon as possible to avoid being harmful by ice-split effect in the alternate freezing and thawing seasons. By this way, the pavement can be kept in good situation and the service life can be extended.%为研究冻融交替季节冰劈效应对沥青混凝土路面表面裂缝扩展的作用,基于断裂力学方法,采用ABAQUS有限元分析软件建立了路面结构模型,分别研究了路表裂缝在冰劈效应、温缩效应及二者结合作用下的应力强度因子随缝隙内积水深度、裂缝宽度以及裂缝长度等影响

  19. Performance prediction of hot mix asphalt from asphalt binders

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asphalt binder being a high weight hydrocarbon contains asphaltene and maltene and is widely used as cementing materials in the construction of flexible pavements. Its performance in hot mix asphalt also depends on combining with different proportions of aggregates. The main objective of this study was to characterize asphalt cement rheological behavior and to investigate the influence of asphalt on asphalt-aggregate mixtures prepared with virgin binders and using polymers. Binder rheology and mixtures stiffness were determined under a range of cyclic loadings and temperature conditions. Master curves were developed for the evaluation of relationship between parameters like complex modulus and phase angle at different frequencies. Horizontal shift factors were also computed to determine time and temperature response of binders and mixes. The results showed that the stiffness of both the binder and the mixes depends on temperature and frequency of load. Polymer modified binder is least susceptible to temperature variations as compared to other virgin asphalt cement. Performance of asphalt mixtures can be predicted from those of asphalt binders using the master curve technique. (author)

  20. Rheological properties of asphalts with particulate additives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shashidhar, N. [EBA Engineering, Baltimore, MD (United States); Chollar, B.H. [Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The Superpave asphalt binder specifications are performance-based specifications for purchasing asphalt binders for the construction of roads. This means that the asphalt is characterized by fundamental material (rheological) properties that relate to the distress modes of the pavements. The distress modes addressed are primarily rutting, fatigue cracking and low temperature cracking. For example, G*/sin({delta}) is designed to predict the rutting potential of pavements, where G* is the magnitude of the complex shear modulus and 6 is the phase angle. The binder for a road that is situated in a certain climatic zone requires the binder to have a minimum G*/sin({delta}) of 2200 Pa at the highest consecutive 7-day average pavement temperature the road had experienced. Implicit in such a performance based specification is that the fundamental property, G*/sin({delta}), of the binder correlates with rutting potential of the pavement regardless of the nature of the binder. In other words, the specification is transparent to the fact that the binder can simply be an asphalt, or an asphalt modified by polymers, particulates and other materials that can form a two-phase mixture. This paper discusses the asphalt-particulate system.

  1. Assessment of asphalt mixtures characteristics through GPR testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pais, Jorge; Fernandes, Francisco

    2014-05-01

    Road pavements are composed by granular and asphalt layers, placed over the pavement subgrade, which are designed to resist to traffic and climatic effects. Pavement distresses include permanent deformation mainly due to the contribution of the subgrade and fatigue cracking in the asphalt layers. Fatigue cracking is the main pavement distress and is responsible for the main rehabilitations carried out in road pavements which leads, in most cases, to the pavement reconstruction due to the severity of the cracking observed in many roads. For a given aggregate gradation, the fatigue cracking resistance is related to the proportions of the components in the asphalt mixtures, namely the void content and the binder content. Also the presence of water, or moisture, has an important influence in the fatigue resistance, and its effect is characterized by a reduction in the fatigue cracking resistance. The characteristics of the asphalt mixtures applied in road pavements can be assessed in laboratory through the testing of cores extracted from the pavement. These cores are extracted some representative section of the pavement, usually equally spaced in the road. Due to the construction process, the representative sections of the pavement don't allow to identify the quality of the whole pavement. Thus, the use of continuous measurement is essential to ensure the perfect assessment of the pavement quality and the use of the GPR assumes a paramount importance. Thus, this communication presents several GPR tests carried out on pavement slabs produced in laboratory with different void content, binder content and moisture content in order to establish different classifiers that will allow the identification of this condition during regular inspections. Furthermore, tests carried on specimens before and after fatigue tests will allow to calculate similar parameters to estimate the state of conservation of pavements in terms of stiffness and the presence of cracks. This work is a

  2. 基层组合形式对沥青路面性能影响的效果评价与分析%Evaluation and Analysis on the Impact of Base Combination to Asphalt Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李月勇

    2012-01-01

    对广昆高速公路柔性基层沥青路面试验段进行跟踪调查,包括了试验路车辙、裂缝等的调查分析.运用横向力系数车评价了路面抗滑性能.通过对检测结果的分析,以及与半刚性基层沥青路面的对比,表明基层组合方式对沥青路面使用性能影响显著,为沥青路面基层结构选型提供有益的参考.%This study based on the survey of Guangkun express way to evaluate the rut depth, crack, and SFC in-dex. The comparison between flexible base and semi-rigid base indicated that the combinations of base significantly affected the performance of asphalt pavement. This study aimes to provide a reference of flexible base design.

  3. Research on workability comparison of old material regeneration approaches of asphalt pavement%沥青路面旧料再生方式适应性比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余波

    2015-01-01

    分析了沥青路面旧料再生技术的应用现状,根据再生方式的选择原则,对厂拌热再生、就地热再生、厂拌冷再生、就地冷再生四种再生方式进行了比较,阐述了各种方式的优缺点,以选择出适合的再生方式进行推广应用。%The paper analyzes the application of the old material regeneration approaches of asphalt pavement,compares the hot mix-plant recy-cling,hot in-place recycling,cold in-plant recycling,and cold in-place recycling according to the selection principle for the recycling approa-ches,and illustrates their advantages and disadvantages,so as to extend the application of the proper recycling method.

  4. 基于环境温度变化的混合式基层沥青路面结构疲劳损伤分析%Fatigue damage analysis of composite base asphalt pavement structure based on change of ambient temperature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭芳; 付宏渊; 邵腊庚

    2015-01-01

    In order to analyze the fatigue characteristics of composite base asphalt pavement structure under the change of ambient temperature, the impact of Hechi temperatures of each month in Guangxi and seasonal variations of subgrade resilient modulus were considered, and three kinds of asphalt pavement structures on composite base were put forward. With ABAQUS software, two states between layers were considered, and the temperature field, strain response and the cumulative fatigue damage of four pavement structures were calculated and analyzed. By monitoring results oftemperature sensors and strain gauges with straight road tests, simulation models were used to calculate fatigue damage of asphalt layer. The results indicate that the strain response with different temperature fields in each month in asphalt pavement is varied. When the temperature increases, the tensile strain at the bottom of asphalt layer increases. The fatigue damage in different seasons is varied and has high proportion in high temperature season. Based on the ambient temperature change considerations, the temperature sensitivity of scheme B is the smallest (scheme B means composite base asphalt pavement which is made of cement stabilized, graded gravel for the base layer and large size asphalt macadam mixture layer), and its fatigue damage is the minimum. The research results can provide reference for choosing good pavement structure on composite base.%为了分析环境温度变化时混合式基层沥青路面结构的疲劳损伤特性,拟定3种混合式基层沥青路面结构,充分考虑广西河池地区各月温度变化以及土基回弹模量的季节性变化,运用ABAQUS软件对2种层间结合状态的4种路面结构方案的温度场、应变响应和疲劳损伤进行计算分析,通过试验路面温度传感器、应变片的监测结果和疲劳损伤模拟模型计算沥青层的疲劳损伤。研究结果表明:在不同月份温度下,沥青路面应变响应差

  5. On the Application of the Hot-in-place Recycling Technology of Damaged Asphalt Pavement in the Urban Road%旧沥青路面就地热再生技术在城市道路中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋金利

    2016-01-01

    The hot-in-place recycling of asphalt pavement refers to HIR. It means using the hot-in-place recycling to carry out the heating, scarifying, remixing, paving, leveling of the old asphalt pavement. And a certain proportion of the new aggregate, new asphalt and regeneration are incorporated to produce a new pavement. The hot-in-place recycling of asphalt pavement can use the mixture of old road asphalt for 100%. This technology has good economic value, environmental value and technology value. At present, the application of it in the domestic highway is more common, but the application of it in urban road is still relatively less. In this paper, the application of hot-in-place recycling of a main road in Qinhuangdao is used to introduce the overall design, process mix proportion design and the quality control of this technology.%沥青路面就地热再生技术,英文简称(HIR),是指利用沥青路面热再生重铺机组对旧沥青路面进行就地加热、翻松、复拌、摊铺、整平,并掺入一定比例的新骨料、新沥青、再生剂等一次成型新路面,沥青路面就地热再生可100%利用旧路面沥青混合料,这种技术经济价值、环境价值、技术价值非常优越,目前国内公路上应用较为普遍,城市道路应用还比较少,本文将结合秦皇岛城市内一条主干道沥青路面就地热再生实例应用情况,对此技术的方案总体设计、工艺流程、配合比设计、质量控制进行了详细的介绍.

  6. Asphalt solar collectors: A literature review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Solar energy can be harnessed by asphalt pavements. ► Research on asphalt thermal behavior and asphalt solar collectors is reviewed. ► Asphalt temperature is very sensitive to the variation of absortivity. ► Asphalt solar collector efficiency depends on flow rate and geometrical parameters. -- Abstract: Asphalt pavements subject to solar radiation can reach high temperatures causing not only environmental problems such as the heat island effect on cities but also structural damage due to rutting or hardening as a result of thermal cycles. Asphalt solar collectors are doubly effective active systems: as they solve the previously mentioned problems and, moreover, they can harness energy to be used in different applications. The main findings of the existing research on asphalt solar collectors are gathered together in this review paper. Firstly, the main heat transfer mechanisms involved in the solar energy collection process are identified and the most important parameters and variables are presented. After analyzing the theoretical foundations of the heat transfer process, this review focuses on the types of studies carried out so far on asphalt’s thermal behavior, different methodologies employed by other authors to study asphalt solar collectors and influence of the variables involved in thermal energy harvesting.

  7. 基于分形理论评价沥青路面微观构造%Valuation of Microscopic Structure of Asphalt Pavement Based on Fractal Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智; 刘涛

    2013-01-01

    鉴于路面微观构造对抗滑性能有着重要的影响,选取4种不同材质的石料分别成型试样,借助散射法-激光纹理仪测量各试样在不同磨损状况下的微观构造,运用分形理论的盒子计数法,通过MATLAB编程实现对试样在不同磨损状况下分维数的计算.试验结果表明:花岗岩的分维数水平和耐磨光性能均较优,石灰岩的耐磨光性能差,该评价方法可以准确评价路面的微观纹理复杂程度,并能有效预测路面的长期抗滑性能.%As pavement micro-structure has an important influence on skid resistance condition,this paper chooses 4 different road stones and then prepared samples,with scattering-laser texture meter,The microscopic texture of the samples curve was measured in different wear condition,by the fractal dimension of the box theory counting method,the samples curve was fast calculated by use MATLAB programming in different wear condition fractal dimension,The results show that sample A have better fractal dimension results and wear resistance,sample C have less wear resistance.The evaluation method can accurately evaluate the micro-texture of pavement,and the pavement long term skid resistance condition can be predicted effectively.

  8. Discussion of Popularization and Application of Asphalt Pavement Recycling Technology%浅谈沥青路面再生技术的推广应用问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤江

    2014-01-01

    本文主要介绍了沥青再生技术的发展概况,就在我国推广应用问题进行了讨论,主要分析了应用的迫切性、局限性和可行性以及发展前景。%This article mainly introduces the development situation of asphalt recycling technology, discusses the popu-larization problems in China and mainly analyzes the ap-plication urgency, limitations, feasibility and development pro-spect.

  9. Cooler reflective pavements give benefits beyond energy savings: durability and illumination

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pomerantz, Melvin; Akbari, Hashem; Harvey, John T.

    2000-06-01

    City streets are usually paved with asphalt concrete because this material gives good service and is relatively inexpensive to construct and maintain. We show that making asphalt pavements cooler, by increasing their reflection of sunlight, may lead to longer lifetime of the pavement, lower initial costs of the asphalt binder, and savings on street lighting and signs. Excessive glare due to the whiter surface is not likely to be a problem.

  10. Cooler reflective pavements give benefits beyond energy savings: durability and illumination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    City streets are usually paved with asphalt concrete because this material gives good service and is relatively inexpensive to construct and maintain. We show that making asphalt pavements cooler, by increasing their reflection of sunlight, may lead to longer lifetime of the pavement, lower initial costs of the asphalt binder, and savings on street lighting and signs. Excessive glare due to the whiter surface is not likely to be a problem

  11. Self Healing of Asphalt Mixtures: Towards a Better Understanding of the Mechanism

    OpenAIRE

    Qiu, J.

    2012-01-01

    Traffic is increasing rapidly in terms of number of vehicles and also in axle loads. In order to maximize the availability of the pavement and to minimize hindrances to traffic because of maintenance works, long life pavements are needed. An asphalt pavement with self repairing capabilities is believed to be very useful to this respect. The self healing phenomenon of asphalt mixtures is known for many years by road engineers. Bituminous materials are expected to repair themselves during hot s...

  12. Use of tire rubber to improve fatigue performance of asphalt mixtures

    OpenAIRE

    Thives, L. P.; Trichês, Glicério; Pereira, Paulo A. A.; Pais, Jorge C.

    2010-01-01

    The accelerated failure of pavements is one of the main problems in Brazilian roads resulting from fatigue cracking due to the repeated application of traffic induced stresses. The incorporation of crumb rubber from waste tires in asphalt, named asphalt rubber, is a method which has been used in several countries to improve the properties of asphalt pavement mixtures and, at the same time, has been a ecologically alternative to deal with the proper disposal of waste tires. This...

  13. Fatigue laws for Brazilians asphalt rubber mixtures obtained in 4 point bending tests

    OpenAIRE

    Fontes, Liseane P. T. L.; Trichês, Glicério; Pais, Jorge C.; Pereira, Paulo A. A.

    2009-01-01

    The majority of Brazilian roadpavements consistsof thin pavement structures unable to resist the damage caused by heavy loads and an increasing traffic demand. The main structural distress modes found in Brazilians asphalt layers is fatigue cracking. One of the prom-ising techniques to improve the pavement performance is through asphalt rubber mixtures, which make use of crumb rubber from scrap tires to modify and enhance the properties of the asphalt. The inexistence of fatigue laws for asph...

  14. Effects of Crumb Rubber Size and Concentration on Performance of Porous Asphalt Mixtures

    OpenAIRE

    Altan Cetin

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of size distribution and concentration of crumb rubber on the performance characteristics of porous asphalt mixture. The recycling of scrap tires in asphalt pavements appears as an important alternative providing a large-scale market. The characteristics of bitumen are very important with regard to service life of porous asphalt pavement. The experimental study consists of two main steps. Firstly, the mixture design was performed to deter...

  15. Asphalt Mixture Design with Anti-skidding and Low Noise Performance in Tunnel Pavement%抗滑降噪型隧道沥青混合料设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丛卓红; 王莎; 郑南翔; 孙国庆; 吴喜荣

    2012-01-01

    针对隧道路面噪音大、抗滑性能差、发生火灾时易引起沥青产生浓烟等缺陷,设计了抗滑降噪型沥青混合料,采用大空隙沥青混合料结构降低隧道路面噪音、提高抗滑性能,并采用阻燃剂降低隧道火灾危险性。对抗滑降噪型沥青混合料的降噪性能、抗剪性能、水稳定性能、渗水性能、抗滑性能等综合性能与空隙率的关系进行研究,确定合理空隙率,并铺筑试验路进行验证。结果表明:抗滑降噪型隧道沥青路面比普通隧道沥青路面噪音降低约6dB,抗滑性能提高20%;混合料的目标空隙率宜控制在19%,施工现场路面空隙率宜控制在16%~21%。在隧道中采用该混合料可有效提高隧道路面的使用性能,改善隧道运营环境。%Aimed at tunnel pavement's large noise, bad anti-skidding performance and dense smoke caused by possible fire, a anti-skidding and low noise asphalt mixture was designed to reduce noise, improve anti-skidding performance, and eliminate smoke. The large void ratio structure could reduce noise and improve anti-skidding performance. The fire retardant could prevent the fire hazard. The relationships of void ratio and mixture performances such as noise reduction, shearing, water stability, permeability, and anti-skidding were researched. The best void ratio was determined, which was verified on the test road. The results show that the application of this mixture in tunnel pavement can reduce noise about 6 dB more than that of the normal tunnel pavement mixture. The anti-skidding performance can be improved 20% more than that of the normal tunnel pavement mixture. The optimum void ratio is 19%. The void ratio in site should he within 16% to 21%. The tunnel pavement performance and environment can be improved by use of this mixture effectively.

  16. Change in fatigue behavior of asphalt hot mixes produced with asphalt rubber binders

    OpenAIRE

    Neto, Silvrano Adonias Dantas; Farias, Farias, Márcio Muniz de; Pais, Jorge C.

    2009-01-01

    Fatigue life of asphalt hot mixes is given as a function of both stiffness and tensilestrains induced in the bottom of the wearing courses of flexible pavements. In conventional as-phalt hot mixes the increase of stiffness leads to a decrease of fatigue life. However, this work shows that there is an increase of both fatigue life and stiffness of asphalt rubber hot mixes in comparison with the asphalt hot mixes produced with straight binders. In this work laboratory tests were performed in as...

  17. Self Healing of Asphalt Mixtures: Towards a Better Understanding of the Mechanism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Qiu, J.

    2012-01-01

    Traffic is increasing rapidly in terms of number of vehicles and also in axle loads. In order to maximize the availability of the pavement and to minimize hindrances to traffic because of maintenance works, long life pavements are needed. An asphalt pavement with self repairing capabilities is belie

  18. THE FATIGUE DURABILITY OF THE MODIFIED ASPHALT CONCRETE UNDER THE EFFECT OF INTENSIVE TRAFFIC LOADS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuri KALGIN

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The problem of prediction of the service life of asphalt concrete surface constructed with modified asphalt concrete application onto a traffic lane is examined. Asphalt concrete behaviour in road surface under the traffic loads was analysed. There were shown The results of experiments and their mathematical analysis of the assessment of standard and modified cold asphalt concrete fatigue life on road surface were shown. The service life of an asphalt concrete surface covered with standard and modified cold asphalt concrete is examined. The prediction has been received with an account of stress relaxation processes in asphalt concrete pavement and unevenness of traffic load application.

  19. On the representative volume element of asphalt concrete at low temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marasteanu, Mihai; Cannone Falchetto, Augusto; Velasquez, Raul; Le, Jia-Liang

    2016-08-01

    The feasibility of characterizing asphalt mixtures' rheological and failure properties at low temperatures by means of the Bending Beam Rheometer (BBR) is investigated in this paper. The main issue is the use of thin beams of asphalt mixture in experimental procedures that may not capture the true behavior of the material used to construct an asphalt pavement.

  20. A Multiscale Virtual Fabrication and Lattice Modeling Approach for the Fatigue Performance Prediction of Asphalt Concrete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dehghan Banadaki, Arash

    Predicting the ultimate performance of asphalt concrete under realistic loading conditions is the main key to developing better-performing materials, designing long-lasting pavements, and performing reliable lifecycle analysis for pavements. The fatigue performance of asphalt concrete depends on the mechanical properties of the constituent materials, namely asphalt binder and aggregate. This dependent link between performance and mechanical properties is extremely complex, and experimental techniques often are used to try to characterize the performance of hot mix asphalt. However, given the seemingly uncountable number of mixture designs and loading conditions, it is simply not economical to try to understand and characterize the material behavior solely by experimentation. It is well known that analytical and computational modeling methods can be combined with experimental techniques to reduce the costs associated with understanding and characterizing the mechanical behavior of the constituent materials. This study aims to develop a multiscale micromechanical lattice-based model to predict cracking in asphalt concrete using component material properties. The proposed algorithm, while capturing different phenomena for different scales, also minimizes the need for laboratory experiments. The developed methodology builds on a previously developed lattice model and the viscoelastic continuum damage model to link the component material properties to the mixture fatigue performance. The resulting lattice model is applied to predict the dynamic modulus mastercurves for different scales. A framework for capturing the so-called structuralization effects is introduced that significantly improves the accuracy of the modulus prediction. Furthermore, air voids are added to the model to help capture this important micromechanical feature that affects the fatigue performance of asphalt concrete as well as the modulus value. The effects of rate dependency are captured by

  1. On the Asphalt Mixture Ratio Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢文怡

    2013-01-01

      热拌沥青混合料配合比设计关系到沥青砼路面的路用性能。本文结合高速公路沥青路面建设的实际情况,对如何规范操作,以及设计沥青混合料配合比时注意的问题提出了一些建议。%Hot-mix asphalt mixture design is related to the performance of asphalt concrete pavement. This paper, combining with the actual situation of the highway asphalt pavement construction, made recommendations on how to regulate the operation and the problems need pay attention to in design of asphalt mixture.

  2. Dynamic linear viscoelastic properties and extensional failure of asphalt binders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruan, Yonghong

    Billions of dollars are spent annually in USA to maintain old pavements that are badly cracked. In order to reduce this expenditure, it is desirable to have criteria for selecting asphalts with superior cracking resistance that will provide pavements with longer durability. Literature reports indicate that the ductility of binders recovered from asphalt pavements correlates with cracking failure. However, ductility measurement is a time and material consuming process, and subject to reproducibility difficulties, as are all failure tests. In addition, ductility measurement does not belong to the currently used Superpave(TM) specification. Correlations between ductility and dynamic viscoelastic properties (measured with the dynamic shear rheometer, DSR), which are much easier and faster to perform and may be included into the Superpave(TM) system, are studied for both straight and modified binders. Ductility correlates quite well with G'/(eta '/G') for conventional asphalt binders aged at different conditions, especially when ductility is below 10 cm. However, for modified asphalts, there is no universal correlation between ductility and G'/(eta'/G'), even in the low ductility region. As far as the asphalt binder in pavement is concerned, the loss due to oxidative aging of its ductility is an important reason for pavement cracking. Polymer modification modifies the rheological and oxidative hardening properties of asphalt binders. The effect of polymeric modifiers on various properties of asphalt binders was investigated. Modifiers studied were diblock poly (styrene-b-butadiene) rubber (SBR), triblock poly (styrene-b-butadiene-b-styrene) (SBS), and tire rubber. Polymer modified binders have a lower hardening and oxidation rate than their corresponding base asphalts. In addition, modified binders have lower hardening susceptibility compared with their base materials and in some cases the results can be dramatic. Polymer modification improves asphalt binders' shear

  3. 材料粘弹性对沥青混凝土钢桥面铺装结构疲劳寿命预估的影响%Influences of Viscoelasticity of Materials on Estimate of Fatigue Life of Pavement Structure of Asphalt Concrete Steel Deck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任开亮; 黄天贵; 赵国云

    2015-01-01

    为研究材料粘弹性对钢桥面浇注式沥青混凝土铺装结构疲劳寿命预估结果的影响,建立粘弹性有限元模型,分析不同荷载作用次数下铺装结构表面拉应变的变化规律,并基于应变控制的铺装面层混凝土疲劳方程预估铺装的使用寿命。结果表明:由于受材料粘弹性特性影响,随着荷载作用次数增加,钢桥面铺装表面拉应变也随之增大,铺装疲劳寿命降低;荷载作用20000次前变化更为明显,其后则趋于平缓。%In order to research influences of viscoelasticity of materials on estimate of fatigue life of pavement structure of asphalt concrete steel deck,this paper establishes a viscoelasticity finite element model and analyzes change rules of tensile strain on the surface of pavement structure at different action times of load,and estimates the service life of pavement based on strain controlled fatigue equation of surface concrete of pavement.The results show that the tensile strain on the surface of steel deck pavement increases with more action times of load due to influence of viscous and elastic properties,and fatigue life of pavement decreases;the change before 20 000 action times of load is more significant,and then becomes flat.

  4. Application of On-site Cold Recycling Technology for Old Asphalt Pavement in Rural Road Reconstruction%旧沥青路面就地冷再生技术在农村公路改造中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永睿

    2016-01-01

    Method of excavation and reconstruction is generally used in the traditional rural asphalt road reconstruction, which is the full negation of the original road, because it needs excavation of the old road structure and also transportation of the old road waste with arrangement; it is not only time-consuming but also needs occupy land. Cold recycling technology can make full use of the old road resources to recycle the old pavement and grassroots. As long as key technology and process flow are controlled well, it can form a stable base of pavement and at the same time, make the old road materials be fully utilized to achieve energy-saving, expense-saving, environmental protection and significant economic and social benefits. Therefore, cold in-place recycling technology in old road repair or reconstruction project has a good application prospect.%传统农村沥青公路改造一般采用挖除重建的方法,这种改造方法是对原路的完全否定,既要挖除旧路结构层,又要把旧路废料运走,安排堆放地;既费时费工又要占用土地。冷再生技术可以充分利用旧路资源对旧路路面及基层进行再生利用,只要掌控好技术要点和工艺流程,即能形成稳定的路面基层,同时,使旧路残余材料得到充分利用,实现节能、节支、环保,经济效益和社会效益显著,因此,就地冷再生技术在旧路大修或改建工程中有很好的应用前景。

  5. Asbestos Tailings as Aggregates for Asphalt Mixture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xinoming; XU Linrong

    2011-01-01

    To use many asbestos tailings collected in Ya-Lu highway, and to explore the feasibility of using asbestos tailings as aggregates in common asphalt mixtures, and properties of some asphalt mixtures were evaluated as well. X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescent (XRF), and atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) were employed to determine the solid waste content of copper, zinc, lead, and cadmium. Volume properties and pavement performances of AC-25 asphalt mixture with asbestos tailings were also evaluated compared with those with basalt as aggregates.XRD and XRF measurement results infer that asbestos tailing is an excellent road material. Volume properties of AC-25 asphalt mixture with asbestos tailings satisfied the related specifications. No heavy metals and toxic pollution were detected in AAS test and the value of pH test is 8.23, which is help to the adhesion with asphalt in the asphalt concrete. When compared with basalt, high temperature property and the resistance to low temperature cracking of AC-25 asphalt mixture was improved by using asbestos tailings as aggregates. In-service AC-25 asphalt pavement with asbestos tailings also presented excellent performance and British Pendulum Number (BPN) coefficient of surface.

  6. Crack repair of asphalt concrete with induction energy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    García, A.; Schlangen, E.; Ven, M. van de; Vliet, D. van

    2011-01-01

    It is well known that the healing rates of asphalt courses increase with the temperature. A new method, induction heating, is used in this paper to increase the lifetime of asphalt concrete pavements. Mastic will be first made electrically conductive by the addition of conductive fibers. Then it wil

  7. Laboratory and Field Asphalt Fatigue Performance, Matching Theory with Practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pramesti, F.P.

    2015-01-01

    This thesis investigates the relationship between predicted and observed fatigue life of asphalt. This study also investigates the positive effects of modifying bitumen with Retona, a bitumen modifier produced in Indonesia from natural asphalt rock sources, on pavement performance in terms of increa

  8. Characterization of Failure and Permanent Deformation Behaviour of Asphalt Concrete

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, J.G.

    2015-01-01

    Asphalt concrete is a viscoelastic material consisting of aggregates, filler and bitumen. The response of asphalt concrete is highly dependent on temperature, loading rate and confining pressure. Permanent deformation is one of the most important distresses developing during the flexible pavement se

  9. Classification of recycled asphalt (RA) material

    OpenAIRE

    Wendling, Louisette; DE LA ROCHE SAINT ANDRE, Chantal; Gaudefroy, Vincent; MARSAC, Paul; TEBALDI, Gabriele; DAVE, Eshan; HUGENER, Martin; BOCCI, Maurizio; Loizos, Andreas; JENKINS, Kim; MARRADI, Alessandro; Grilli, Andrea; GRAZIANI, Andrea; Pasetto, Marco; MURAYA, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    Use of recycled asphalt pavements (RA) in pavement rehabilitation processes is continuously growing as recycling techniques, such as cold recycling (CR), are being utilized in increasing magnitude. The focus of this paper is on developing a state of the art and state of the practice summary of processes used for classification of RA. A variety of topics were explored through an exhaustive literature search, these include RAP production methods, definition of RA materials, stockpiling practice...

  10. Asphalt mixtures produced with 100% reclaimed materials

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Joel; Silva, Hugo Manuel Ribeiro Dias da; Jesus, Carlos M. G.

    2011-01-01

    The environmental and economic benefits of using Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) material in hot mix asphalt (HMA) applications could be pushed up to the limit, by producing totally recycled HMAs (100% RAP), but the performance of this alternative must be satisfactory. In fact, these mixtures could possibly present a lower performance due to the behaviour of the aged binder, which loses its lighter fractions with time. In order to improve the mixture properties, a binder rejuvenator should b...

  11. Polymer Blends Modified Asphalt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; YunPu

    2001-01-01

    Asphalt is an important low-cost thermo-plastic material which is widely used for construction, in particular as road-paving. Therefore it is exposed to a wide range of load and weather conditions. Increasing traffic factors, such as heavier loads, higher traffic volume and higher tire pressure demand higher performance pavements. However, this kind of materials does not have good mechanical properties because it is hard and brittle in cold weather, and soft and fluid in a hot environment.  ……

  12. Determination of Rheological Properties of Bio Mastic Asphalt

    OpenAIRE

    R. Muniandy; H. Jafariahangari; Yunus, R.; S. Hassim

    2008-01-01

    Due to the high oil prices the price of asphalt binder has increased tremendously. This scenario has warranted demand for higher viscosity cheaper asphalt for pavement construction. A study was conducted to take advantage of the Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) of Date and Oil Palm trees (which are considered as waste) to produce cellulose fiber to be used as additives in the asphalt binder. If these EFB's could be beneficially utilized in any application, it would reduce the load on the nation's land...

  13. Comparison between asphalt rubber and conventional mixtures in overlay design

    OpenAIRE

    Fontes, Liseane P. T. L.; Trichês, Glicério; Pereira, Paulo A. A.; Pais, Jorge C.

    2008-01-01

    Asphalt modified with crumb rubber has been used to produce asphalt rubber mixtures for pavement overlays subjected to heavy loads and high temperatures. Under severe conditions, these mixtures are capable of resisting permanent deformations, having an extended fatigue life and resisting crack propagation in comparison to conventional ones. A laboratory research was conducted to determine the performance properties of overlays with asphalt rubber mixtures produced through wet processes using ...

  14. Water Damage Study on Cold In-place Recycling of Asphalt Pavement%沥青路面就地冷再生工程的水损坏研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹林涛; 张郭峻; 黄菊; 叶玮

    2011-01-01

    伴随资源节约型社会的建设,沥青路面就地冷再生技术推广迅速,水损坏是主要损坏形式之一.通过工程调研,把冷再生工程的水损坏类型归纳为基层坑槽、面层翻浆或唧泥和面层反射车辙.通过损坏路段的开挖与取芯试验,研究了不同类型的损坏原因.结果表明排水不良促进了这些损坏的发生.指出路侧排水边沟开挖,基层结构内部盲沟设置是解决道路排水不良问题的关键措施.%With the construction of resource-saving society, cold in-place recycling technology of asphalt pavement is promoted rapidly. Water damage is one of the main damage types. Through investigation of cold in-place recycling projects, water damage types are summarized into three types, including pit slot,boiling and reflective rutting. Through excavation and coring tests at damage place, reasons for different damage types are studied. Results show that poor drainage promotes these damage events. It is pointed out that the drainage ditch excavation on the road side and the setting of blind drain in base structure are key measures for solving poor drainage.

  15. Mechanistic design concepts for conventional flexible pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, R. P.; Thompson, M. R.

    1985-02-01

    Mechanical design concepts for convetional flexible pavement (asphalt concrete (AC) surface plus granular base/subbase) for highways are proposed and validated. The procedure is based on ILLI-PAVE, a stress dependent finite element computer program, coupled with appropriate transfer functions. Two design criteria are considered: AC flexural fatigue cracking and subgrade rutting. Algorithms were developed relating pavement response parameters (stresses, strains, deflections) to AC thickness, AC moduli, granular layer thickness, and subgrade moduli. Extensive analyses of the AASHO Road Test flexible pavement data are presented supporting the validity of the proposed concepts.

  16. Control the Thickness of Asphalt Pavement Maintenance Measures%控制维修高速公路沥青路面厚度的措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马尚

    2011-01-01

    The road maintenance tasks has increased year by year after China's highway mileage increase. In order to fulfill the job of local repairs, this article taking the combination of the actual highway pavement maintenance through the analysis on the principles of road paving thickness control, summed up the optimization of the construction process, and proposed to control the standards and quality assurance measures.%我国高速公路通车里程不断增加,路面维修的数量也在逐年加大,为了做好局部维修工作,本文结合高速公路的路面维修实际,通过分析路面摊铺厚度控制的原理,归纳了优化的施工工艺流程,提出了控制标准和质量保证措施。

  17. Application Research of New Asphalt Pavement in China%新型沥青路面在我国的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞永贞

    2014-01-01

    随着我国时代的发展,我国的路面建设得到进一步的提高。现行的高速路面基本都是由半刚性材料做成,单纯地使用这种材质还有略微的欠缺。本文分析了我国多种路面结构在高速公路上的使用现况,并对新型的沥青路面做了简单的介绍。%With the development of era in our country, the road construction of our country has been further improved. High speed road present basic are made of semi rigid material, simply use the material is lacking of something. This paper analyzes the using situations of the various pavement struc-tures in China on the highway, and to do a simple introduction.

  18. Application of Common Mid-Point Method to Estimate Asphalt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Shan; Al-Aadi, Imad

    2015-04-01

    3-D radar is a multi-array stepped-frequency ground penetration radar (GPR) that can measure at a very close sampling interval in both in-line and cross-line directions. Constructing asphalt layers in accordance with specified thicknesses is crucial for pavement structure capacity and pavement performance. Common mid-point method (CMP) is a multi-offset measurement method that can improve the accuracy of the asphalt layer thickness estimation. In this study, the viability of using 3-D radar to predict asphalt concrete pavement thickness with an extended CMP method was investigated. GPR signals were collected on asphalt pavements with various thicknesses. Time domain resolution of the 3-D radar was improved by applying zero-padding technique in the frequency domain. The performance of the 3-D radar was then compared to that of the air-coupled horn antenna. The study concluded that 3-D radar can be used to predict asphalt layer thickness using CMP method accurately when the layer thickness is larger than 0.13m. The lack of time domain resolution of 3-D radar can be solved by frequency zero-padding. Keywords: asphalt pavement thickness, 3-D Radar, stepped-frequency, common mid-point method, zero padding.

  19. Selection of Sizes of Vibrating Screens in Crushing Plant of Asphalt Pavement%沥青路面碎石场振动筛配筛的选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞林; 秦勇

    2016-01-01

    By analyzing the aggregate produced by different screen sizes and vibrating screens at different angles in crushing plant,this paper studies provision of screens for aggregate used for AC-20 and AC-16 asphalt mixtures in crushing plant.The results of study show that 23,11,6 and 3mm vibrating screens are appropriated for cold AC -16 mixture;when the screening result of aggregate does not satisfy the requirement,first check whether the angle of vibrating screens is appropriated or not,and then adjust screen size after adjustment to qualified angle,if the screen angle cannot be adjusted,enlarge the screen size to a certain degree based on the reasonable screen size.%通过分析碎石场不同筛孔尺寸及不同角度振动筛所生产的集料,研究碎石场AC-20及AC-16沥青混合料所用集料的配筛情况.研究结果表明:AC-20沥青混合料冷料振动筛配筛为23、11、6、3 mm较为合适,AC-16混合料冷料振动筛配筛为19、11、6、3 mm较为合适;集料筛分结果不满足要求时,首先查看振动筛筛网角度是否合适,调整到合格角度后再调整筛孔尺寸,若无法调整筛网角度,则在合理筛网尺寸上一定程度地放大.

  20. Optimization of asphalt rubber hot mixes based on performance laboratory tests

    OpenAIRE

    Neto, Silvrano Adonias Dantas; Farias, Márcio Muniz de; Pais, Jorge C.; Pereira, Paulo A. A.

    2003-01-01

    Asphalt binders modified with crumb rubber recycled from ground tires have been successfully used in asphalt mixtures improving the mechanical and functional behaviour of the pavements. This paper shows the influence of several factors that affect the behaviour of asphalt-rubber (AR) and of hot mixes made with this material. Modified binders were prepared using a straight binder with 35/50 penetration and rubber obtained by the environmental process. Samples of asphalt-rubber w...

  1. TECHNOLOGY OF DISPERSED REINFORCEMENT OF ASPHALT CONCRETE MIXTURES WITH CHRYSOTILE FIBRES

    OpenAIRE

    S. I. Buldakov; A. Yu. Dedyukhin

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement. The issues of technology of preparation of dispersed rein-forced asphalt concrete mixtures are still not clearly understood. Available tech-nologies of dispersed reinforcement involve application of granulated additives, which permits the quality of asphalt concrete mixtures to be improved and, there-fore, it will result in increasing life expectancy of asphalt concrete pavements.Results and conclusions. The ways of improvement of quality and durability of asphalt-concrete ...

  2. Investigation of modified asphalt concrete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimich, Vita

    2016-01-01

    Currently the problem of improving the asphalt quality is very urgent. It is used primarily as topcoats exposed to the greatest relative to the other layers of the road, dynamic load - impact and shear. The number of cars on the road, the speed of their movement, as well as the traffic intensity increase day by day. We have to upgrade motor roads, which entails a huge cost. World experience shows that the issue is urgent not only in Russia, but also in many countries in Europe, USA and Asia. Thus, the subject of research is the resistance of asphalt concrete to water and its influence on the strength of the material at different temperatures, and resistance of pavement to deformation. It is appropriate to search for new modifiers for asphaltic binder and mineral additives for asphalt mix to form in complex the skeleton of the future asphalt concrete, resistant to atmospheric condensation, soil characteristics of the road construction area, as well as the growing road transport load. The important task of the work is searching special modifying additives for bitumen binder and asphalt mixture as a whole, which will improve the quality of highways, increasing the period between repairs. The methods described in the normative-technical documentation were used for the research. The conducted research allowed reducing the frequency of road maintenance for 7 years, increasing it from 17 to 25 years.

  3. Assessment of highway pavements using GPR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plati, Christina; Loizos, Andreas

    2015-04-01

    Highway infrastructure is a prerequisite for a functioning economy and social life. Highways, often prone to congestion and disruption, are one of the aspects of a modern transport network that require maximum efficiency if an integrated transport network, and sustainable mobility, is to be achieved. Assessing the condition of highway structures, to plan subsequent maintenance, is essential to allow the long-term functioning of a road network. Optimizing the methods used for such assessment will lead to better information being obtained about the road and underlying ground conditions. The condition of highway structures will be affected by a number of factors, including the properties of the highway pavement, the supporting sub-base and the subgrade (natural ground), and the ability to obtain good information about the entire road structure, from pavement to subgrade, allows appropriate maintenance programs to be planned. The maintenance of highway pavements causes considerable cost and in many cases obstruction to traffic flow. In this situation, methods that provide information on the present condition of pavement structure non-destructively and economically are of great interest. It has been shown that Ground-Penetrating-Radar (GPR), which is a Non Destructive Technique (NDT), can deliver information that is useful for the planning of pavement maintenance activities. More specifically GPR is used by pavement engineers in order to determine physical properties and characteristics of the pavement structure, information that is valuable for the assessment of pavement condition. This work gives an overview on the practical application of GPR using examples from highway asphalt pavements monitoring. The presented individual applications of GPR pavement diagnostics concern structure homogeneity, thickness of pavement layers, dielectric properties of asphalt materials etc. It is worthwhile mentioning that a number of applications are standard procedures, either

  4. Environmentally friendly pavements: Results from noise measurements 2005-2008

    OpenAIRE

    Berge, Truls Svenn; Haukland, Frode; Ustad, Asbjørn

    2009-01-01

    CPX-measurements (tyre A) have been performed on a wide range of ordinary dense Norwegian road pavements and special test pavements, as part of the R&D project “Environmental friendly pavements” initiated by the Norwegian Public Roads Administration. The following conclusions can be made from the investigation:- New dense asphalt concrete pavements can give a tyre/road noise level (CPX) of 4-8 dB(A) lower noise level, compared to a chosen reference level for a pavement of type AC 0/11 and SMA...

  5. Microstructural Analysis and Rheological Modeling of Asphalt Mixtures Containing Recycled Asphalt Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Cannone Falchetto

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The use of recycled materials in pavement construction has seen, over the years, a significant increase closely associated with substantial economic and environmental benefits. During the past decades, many transportation agencies have evaluated the effect of adding Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP, and, more recently, Recycled Asphalt Shingles (RAS on the performance of asphalt pavement, while limits were proposed on the amount of recycled materials which can be used. In this paper, the effect of adding RAP and RAS on the microstructural and low temperature properties of asphalt mixtures is investigated using digital image processing (DIP and modeling of rheological data obtained with the Bending Beam Rheometer (BBR. Detailed information on the internal microstructure of asphalt mixtures is acquired based on digital images of small beam specimens and numerical estimations of spatial correlation functions. It is found that RAP increases the autocorrelation length (ACL of the spatial distribution of aggregates, asphalt mastic and air voids phases, while an opposite trend is observed when RAS is included. Analogical and semi empirical models are used to back-calculate binder creep stiffness from mixture experimental data. Differences between back-calculated results and experimental data suggest limited or partial blending between new and aged binder.

  6. Development of high stability hot mix asphalt concrete with hybrid binder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toshiaki Hirato

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Cost reduction of public works projects has been desired due to severe financial circumstances. Therefore, asphalt pavement has been requested to extend its life. Semi-flexible pavement or epoxy asphalt pavement, which has high rutting resistance and oil resistance, may be applied to the place where these performances ae demanded. However, special technique is required in manufacturing and construction. In addition, these materials have also raised a problem that they cannot be recycled. Meanwhile, conventional asphalt pavement has several drawbacks. It is vulnerable to rutting caused by traffic load and damage caused by petroleum oils such as gasoline or motor oil. The materials used in asphalt mixtures were studied for improving the durability of asphalt mixture. A high stability asphalt concrete was developed which has equal or superior performance to semi-flexible pavement and epoxy asphalt pavement. In this paper, the process of selecting the substance and the characteristics evaluation of the developed mixtures ae described. Furthermore, an inspection result as well as follow-up survey of the performance of the developed mixtures obtained from trial and actual construction is shown.

  7. Application of asphalt rubber technology to recreational trails

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Haifeng

    Crumb rubber aggregate was employed instead of stone/sand aggregate in asphalt pavement that was modified by fine rubber particles. Crumb rubber aggregate forms an elastic network in the asphalt, which improves the pavement's susceptibility to low-temperature cracking, and absorb more stress at the crack tips than the conventional asphalt pavement. Laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the tension/compression performance of a blend of asphalt rubber with rubber aggregate (ARRA). An optimum design methodology was introduced by examining the effect of asphalt source, curing temperature, curing time, rubber content, aggregate size, compaction pressure, and the effect of certain additives. At ambient temperature, the ARRA with equal amount of binder and aggregate exhibits good mechanical properties. Vestenamer helps improve the pavement's strength, stiffness, and fracture resistance to low temperature cracking. It was demonstrated that such pavement meets the mechanical requirements for recreational trails, such as bicycle, or pedestrian trails. ARRA is a viscoelastic material which exhibits time-dependent and loading rate-dependent behavior. Temperature is a key issue to its response to an external load. Both temperature and rate dependences were investigated. A series of uniaxial compression relaxation tests on ARRA or Vestenamer modified ARRA were conducted at room temperature to study the time-dependent performance of ARRA. Schapery's theory was applied to characterize the nonlinear viscoelastic behavior of ARRA.

  8. Rheological Evaluation of Polymer Modiifed Asphalt Binders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Lan; CHANG Chunqing

    2015-01-01

    The microstructure and dynamic rheological characteristics of asphalt containing different polymer modifiers (crumb rubber, styrene-butadiene-styrene and crumb rubber mix with styrene-butadiene-styrene) at mid and high service temperature levels were investigated by using scanning electron microscopy(SEM), dynamic shear rheometer(DSR) and repeat creep test. The main objective of the investigation was to rank the modifiers based on their effect on performance characteristics of asphalt under service conditions. To evaluate the effect of different modiifers on the viscoelastic response of asphalt, the temperature and frequency dependences of the dynamic viscoelastic properties were compared. The mid-temperature fatigue resistance and high-temperature rutting resistance of three polymer modiifed asphalts were evaluated to predict their ifeld performance in roads. Based on the current results, an improved rutting factor was proposed to determine the rutting resistance of asphalt pavements. In addition, the viscous stiffness (Gv), deifned as the reciprocal of viscous compliance, was used to evaluate the high-temperature deformation resistance of asphalt mixtures. The experimental results indicate that the asphalt containing crumb rubber only shows superior performance at mid and high service temperatures in all three modiifed asphalt binders due to the action of the crumb rubber.

  9. A STUDY OF FATIGUE LIFE OF ASPHALT CONCRETE BASED ON SHUNGITE MINERAL POWDER

    OpenAIRE

    D. I. Chernousov; Vl. P. Podolsky; E. V. Trufanov; B. A. Bondarev

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement. Shortage of mineral powder stimulates seeking of new materials and technologiesby which traditional ones can be replaced without deterioration of their operating properties. Thatis why a study of mineral powder from shungite and development of new technologies of arrangementof high quality and durable asphalt concrete pavement based on shungite is an actual problem.Results. Bearing capacity and service life of asphalt concrete pavement is most completely characterizedby mod...

  10. Application of Cold In-place Recycling Technology of Cement Stabilized Old Asphalt Pavement to Highway%旧沥青路面水泥稳定就地冷再生技术在公路大修工程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄河; 李乾辉; 阮伟; 徐长波; 王燕

    2014-01-01

    结合襄阳市2010年国省干线公路大修工程实践,对旧沥青路面水泥稳定就地冷再生技术方案选定、设计方法、设计参数选用等进行分析探讨,并对施工控制过程进行介绍。%Combining the overhaul engineering for national and provincial trunk highway of XiangY-ang city in 2010,the paper explored the scheme choosing,design method,choice of the design param-eters,construction control of the cold in-place cycling technology of cement stabilized old asphalt pavement.

  11. 龚家坝隧道温拌沥青混合料路面施工技术%Construction Technology of Warm- mix Asphalt Mixture Pavement in Gongjiaba Tunnel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明杰

    2012-01-01

    Through construction on warm - mix asphalt in Gongjiaba tunnel and from the aspects of warm - mix asphalt concrete mixing, paving, compaction by rolling, detection and so on, construction advantages and characters of warm -mix asphalt concrete are introduced.%通过对龚家坝隧道温拌沥青施工,从温拌沥青混凝土拌和、摊铺、碾压、检测等方面,介绍了温拌沥青混凝土的施工优势和特点。

  12. Thermal Properties of Asphalt Mixtures Modified with Conductive Fillers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byong Chol Bai

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the thermal properties of asphalt mixtures modified with conductive fillers used for snow melting and solar harvesting pavements. Two different mixing processes were adopted to mold asphalt mixtures, dry- and wet-mixing, and two conductive fillers were used in this study, graphite and carbon black. The thermal conductivity was compared to investigate the effects of asphalt mixture preparing methods, the quantity, and the distribution of conductive filler on thermal properties. The combination of conductive filler with carbon fiber in asphalt mixture was evaluated. Also, rheological properties of modified asphalt binders with conductive fillers were measured using dynamic shear rheometer and bending beam rheometer at grade-specific temperatures. Based on rheological testing, the conductive fillers improve rutting resistance and decrease thermal cracking resistance. Thermal testing indicated that graphite and carbon black improve the thermal properties of asphalt mixes and the combined conductive fillers are more effective than the single filler.

  13. Viscoelastic Analysis of Asphalt Mixture Based on Creep Test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lihua Zhao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Two kinds of mineral fibers were added to AC-16C asphalt mixture. Trabecular bending creep experiments of asphalt mixtures were carried out at -10 and 20°C. The influence of mineral fibers on the low temperature viscoelasticity of asphalt mixtures were analyzed systemically. Furthermore, by using Origin, Burgers viscoelastic model was used to investigate the parameter regression for the creep test results at the different temperatures. The results show that the addition of mineral fibers can effectively improve the bending creep rate of asphalt mixtures, indicates the increase of crack resistance of asphalt mixtures. Good agreement between experimental data and Burgers model was found. The parameters of Burgers model at different temperatures can also provide data support for the viscoelastic design of asphalt pavements.

  14. Research on Surfactant Warm Mix Asphalt Construction Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Guoliang; Sun, Jingxin; Guo, Xiufeng

    Discharging temperature of hot asphalt mixture is about 150°C-185°C, volatilization of asphalt fume harms people's health and fuel cost is high. Jinan Urban Construction Group applies PTL/01 asphalt warm mix agent to produce warm mix asphalt to construction of urban roads' asphalt bituminous pavement. After comparing it with performance of traditional hot asphalt mixture, mixing temperature may be reduced by 30°C-60°C, emission of poisonous gas is reduced, energy conservation and environmental protection are satisfied, construction quality reaches requirements of construction specifications and economic, social and environmental benefits are significant. Thus, it can be used for reference for green construction of urban roads.

  15. Reliability-based Design Procedure for Flexible Pavements

    OpenAIRE

    Dinegdae, Yared Hailegiorgis

    2015-01-01

    Load induced top-down fatigue cracking has been recognized recently as a major distress phenomenon in asphalt pavements. This failure mode has been observed in many parts of the world, and in some regions, it was found to be more prevalent and a primary cause of pavements failure. The main factors which are identified as potential causes of top down fatigue cracking are primarily linked to age hardening, mixtures fracture resistance and unbound layers stiffness. Mechanistic Empirical analytic...

  16. Field environmental evaluation plan for sulfur use in pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saylak, D.; Deuel, L. E.; Izatt, J. O.; Jacobs, C.; Zahray, R.; Ham, S.

    1982-07-01

    The use of sulfur in highway paving mixtures is discussed. The evaluation procedures deal with the safety and environmental aspects of storage and handling, formulation, construction, operation and maintenance of highway pavements containing sulfur, including the possible generation of noxious and abnoxious fumes, dust and gases. Methods and equipment for monitoring potential emissions and pollutants are recommended and safety practices for the handling of sulfur and sulfur-modified asphalt mixtures and pavements are discussed.

  17. Quantifying Evaporation and Evaluating Runoff Estimation Methods in a Permeable Pavement System

    Science.gov (United States)

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency constructed a 0.4-ha parking lot in Edison, New Jersey, that incorporated permeable pavement in the parking lanes which were designed to receive run-on from the impervious hot-mix asphalt driving lanes. Twelve lined permeable pavement sec...

  18. Effect of moisture on the aging behavior of asphalt binder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Tao; Huang, Xiao-Ming; Mahmoud, Enad; Garibaldy, Emil

    2011-08-01

    The moisture aging effect and mechanism of asphalt binder during the in-service life of pavement were investigated by laboratory simulating tests. Pressure aging vessel (PAV) test simulating the long-term aging of binder during the in-service life of pavement was modified to capture the long-term moisture aging effect of binder. Penetration grade tests including penetration test, soften point test, and ductility test as well as Superpave™ performance grade tests including viscosity test, dynamic shear rheometer test, and bending beam rheometer test were conducted to fully evaluate the moisture aging effect of binder. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy test and Gel-permeation chromatography test were applied to provide a fundamental understanding of the moisture aging mechanism of binder. The results indicate that moisture condition can accelerate the aging of asphalt binder and shorten the service life of asphalt binder. The modified PAV test with moisture condition can well characterize the moisture aging properties of asphalt binder.

  19. 广肇高速公路水泥路面加铺沥青砼方案分析%Scheme Analysis on Asphalt Concrete Covering Cement Pavement of Guangzhao Expressway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢永明

    2014-01-01

    广肇高速公路水泥路面长度为10km,结合实际交通荷载情况、路面受力状况、加铺后养护成本降低及养护便利性等方面分析了广肇高速公路水泥路面加铺的必要性,结合省内相关加铺项目的经验,通过加铺层结构计算,提出了广肇高速公路水泥路面加铺的可行方案,可供相关项目管理单位参考。%The length of cement pavement of Guangzhao Expressway is 10Km.According to the actual traffic load,stress condition of the pavement,cost reduction and convenience of maintenance after pavement overla-ying,the necessity of overlaying for cement pavement has been analyzed.Combined with experiences from other cement pavement overlaying projects,through the overlay structure calculation,a feasible scheme of overlaying for cement pavement of Guangzhao Expressway has been put forward,which could provide references for relative project management units.

  20. 沥青路面就地热再生技术对旧料利用技术研究%The technology research on asphalt pavement in place hot recycling technology to old material use

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔亮; 李艳

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the key technologies about the utilization of old asphalt mixture,according to the application of hot-in place recy-cling technology in Guangdong Ji-He Expressway. The main contents include the evaluation of old asphalt mixture,mixture design and the rate of utilization about old asphalt mixture’s affection to the road performance of hot-in place recycling asphalt mixture. The results show that,with the increase of new added asphalt mixture’s proportion,the dynamic stability of hot-in place recycling asphalt mixture decreases,its high temperature stability reduced,but the water stability and low temperature cracking resistance significantly increased.%依托就地热再生在广东机荷高速的应用实例,对旧料利用的关键技术进行了研究,主要包括旧料的性能评价、再生混合料的配合比设计以及旧料利用率对再生料路用性能的影响,研究结果表明,随新料添加比例的增加,再生混合料的动稳定度减小,高温稳定性减弱,而水稳定性和低温抗裂性显著提高。

  1. Determining the healing potential of asphalt concrete mixtures--a pragmatic approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erkens, S.; Vliet, D. van; Dommelen, A. van; Leegwater, G.A.

    2012-01-01

    Most design methods for pavements use a factor explaining the difference between pavement life predictions from design models and performance in the road [1]. Part of this correction factor is healing, the natural capacity of asphalt concrete to recover in rest periods, which generally are not prese

  2. Aging of Asphalt Symposium, September 17th 2014, Delft, the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erkens, S.M.J.G.; Scarpas, A.; Blab, R.; Glaser, R.; Glover, C.; Oeser, M.; Porot, L.; Soenen, H.

    2015-01-01

    Technical specifications for the asphalt concrete properties are developed to be able to specify mixtures that will perform well in pavement applications. Being able to identify and determine properties related to pavement performance in practice is crucial for both road authorities and contractors,

  3. Mechanistic and Economical Characteristics of Asphalt Rubber Mixtures

    OpenAIRE

    Mena I. Souliman; Annie Eifert

    2016-01-01

    Load associated fatigue cracking is one of the major distress types occurring in flexible pavement systems. Flexural bending beam fatigue laboratory test has been used for several decades and is considered to be an integral part of the new superpave advanced characterization procedure. One of the most significant solutions to prolong the fatigue life for an asphaltic mixture is to utilize flexible materials as rubber. A laboratory testing program was performed on a conventional and Asphalt Ru...

  4. The temperature effect on the reflective cracking of asphalt overlays

    OpenAIRE

    Minhoto, Manuel; Pais, Jorge; Pereira, Paulo

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a study about the influence of temperature on the reflective cracking in a flexible road pavement through the evaluation of the asphalt overlay damage associated to traffic and temperature variations throughout a year. This study was developed from a numerical simulation of the asphalt overlay behaviour based on a three-dimensional finite-element analysis, considering the simultaneous loading of traffic and temperature variations. A mechanistic-based overlay design method ...

  5. Development of an innovative bio-binder using Asphalt-rubber technology

    OpenAIRE

    Peralta, J.; Silva, Hugo Manuel Ribeiro Dias da; Williams, R. Christopher; Rover, Marjorie; Machado, A.V.

    2013-01-01

    This research work evaluates several parameters that can affect Asphalt Rubber (AR) binder performance and applies the AR technology to the development of an innovative renewable bio-binder that can fully and cost-effectively replace asphaltic bitumen derived from petroleum in flexible pavement construction. The “Binder Accelerated Separator” method was used to divide the constituents of the Asphalt Rubber and bio-binder (residual binder and swelled rubber). The physical and chemi...

  6. COMPARISON OF PAVEMENT STRUCTURES IN TUNNELS

    OpenAIRE

    Rimac, Ivan; Šimun, Miroslav; Dimter, Sanja

    2014-01-01

    Tunnels pose many fire risks. It is difficult to fight fires in tunnels due to their limited accessibility, the quantity of smoke, and high thermal radiation. Temperatures in tunnel fires can reach 1000 °C, and these fires can spread quickly and persist for long periods, the longest recorded in Europe lasting 53 h. The main requirements of tunnel pavement structures are driving safety and comfort, as well as low construction and maintenance costs. Choosing between using concrete or asphalt pa...

  7. Can oil, plastic and RAP wastes have a new life in novel asphalt mixtures?

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Sérgio; Costa, L; Silva, Hugo Manuel Ribeiro Dias da; Oliveira, Joel; Machado, A.V.; F Duarte

    2015-01-01

    The pavement recycling allows to reuse reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) or other waste materials in new asphalt mixtures for road construction or rehabilitation, thus re-ducing the use of virgin materials (aggregates and bitumen). Thus, the main aim of this study is to minimize the use of natural resources through the reuse of three waste materials: HDPE, mo-tor oil and RAP. Different amounts of waste motor oil and HDPE were added to an asphalt binder with 50% aged bitumen. The best solutions...

  8. Construction and maintenace of porous asphalt

    OpenAIRE

    Kert, Gregor

    2012-01-01

    In improving traffic safety and reducing traffic noise road building experts from Slovenia and the world are faced with permeable surfaces - namely porous asphalt. There is hardly any water retention on road surfaces with the use of porous asphalt, what Slovenian engineers efficiently use on motorways where transverse profile changes its direction. Lately, porous asphalt is also being used for traffic noise reduction. However, porous road surface has some important disadvantages due to its...

  9. Mechanical Behavior and Failure Mechanism of Recycled Semi-lfexible Pavement Material

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Qingjun; ZHAO Mingyu; SHEN Fan; ZHANG Xiaoqiang

    2015-01-01

    The mechanical behavior and failure mechanism of recycled semi-lfexible pavement material were investigated by different scales method. The macroscopic mechanical behavior of samples was studied by static and dynamic splitting tensile tests on mechanics testing system (MTS). The mechanical analysis in micro scale was carried out by material image analysis method and ifnite element analysis system. The strains of recycled semi-lfexible pavement material on samples surface and in each phase materials were obtained. The test results reveal that the performance of recovered asphalt binder was the major determinant on the structural stability of recycled semi-lfexible pavement material. The asphalt binder with high viscoelasticity could delay the initial cracking time and reduce the residual strain under cyclic loading conditions. The failure possibility order of each phase in recycled semi-flexible pavement material was asphalt binder, reclaimed aggregate, cement paste and virgin aggregate.

  10. Extending the Lifespan of Porous Asphalt Concrete

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Y.

    2015-01-01

    Porous Asphalt (PA) concrete is widely used as a surfacing layer on highways in the Netherlands. The service life of PA wearing courses is limited because of the fact that it is vulnerable to raveling. The possibilities of applying preventive maintenance to PA wearing courses by means of spraying rejuvenation products on the pavement surfaces are being investigated with high interest in the Netherlands. A material which has the ability to penetrate into the bituminous binder and soften (rejuv...

  11. Pavement structure mechanics response of flexible on semi-flexible overlay that based on the old cement concrete pavement damage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Ruinan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The old cement pavement damage status directly affect the design of the paving renovation. Based on the state of the old road investigation, combined with the research data at home and abroad, use the control index that average deflection, deflection value and CBR value to determine the reasonable time to overlay. Draw up the typical pavement structure according to the principle of combination of old cement pavement overlay structure design, and calculated that the tensile stress and shear stress in asphalt layer ,semi-flexible layer and the tensile in the old cement pavement adopting BISA3.0 statics finite element analysis model when modulus in the old road was diminishing. Use the computed result to analyses the influence of old road damage condition the influence of pavement structure.

  12. Preparation and characterization of epoxy asphalt binder for pavement of steel deck bridge%钢箱梁桥铺装用环氧沥青材料制备和表征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志明; 亢阳; 闵召辉; 黄卫

    2006-01-01

    制备两组分的热固性环氧沥青,其中一个组分是顺酐化沥青、环氧树脂的固化剂和促进剂,另外一个组分是环氧树脂.分别使用Brookfild粘度计、拉伸实验和MTS研究了沥青的铺装适用性和混凝土性能.结果表明:尽管加入的顺酐仅有50%~60%与基础沥青发生了反应,但是与未对沥青进行顺酐化比较,其固化速率、断裂延伸率和抗拉强度等都有显著的提高.4%顺酐改性的沥青和固化剂结合与环氧树脂固化后具有平均断裂延伸率281.9%,平均强度2.63 MPa,固化混凝土的Marshell稳定度37.0 kN,未固化混凝土的Marshell稳定度10.2 kN,耐疲劳实验1 200万次试件无破坏.%A kind of thermosetting asphalt binder designated as epoxy asphalt, which is composed of two components: maleated asphalt with curing agents and accelerant of epoxy resin and epoxy resin, was prepared.Its paving feasibility and concrete performances were investigated using Brookfield viscosimeter, direct tensile test (DTT), Marshall testing and the MTS 810 hydraulic servos-system, respectively. Although only 50% to 60% of added maleic anhydride (MAH) reacted with the base asphalt irreversibly (probably by Diels-Alder mechanism), the curing rate, rupture elongation and tensile strength of maleated epoxy asphalt were enhanced more evidently than those of unmaleated epoxy asphalt. As a result, an epoxy asphalt made from 4% MAH modified asphalt and other curing agents was featured to have an average rupture elongation of 281.9%, an average tensile strength of 2. 63 MPa, and the Marshall stability of its cured concrete reached 37.0 kN, while that of uncured concrete was 10. 2 kN and the combined beam of fatigue test was still found to behave well after 12 × 106 cycles load.

  13. Influence of Polyethylene Glycol on Asphaltic Concrete for Cubical and Rod shaped Aggregates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U. Arun Kumar

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Aggregates are the principle material in pavement construction. Conventional road aggregates in India are natural aggregates obtained by crushing rocks. Aggregate characteristics such as particle size, shape, and texture etc.., influence the performance and serviceability of pavement. Pavements laid with polymer modified asphalt exhibits greater resistance to rutting, thermal cracking and fatigue damages and hence these were used at locations of higher stress. The present work concentrates on aggregate characteristics which include the shape indices. The particle shapes namely Cubical and Rod are being used in the study. The study shows the behavior of the two shapes of aggregate in terms of Penetration, Ductility, Softening Point and Marshall Stability tests with varying percentages of asphalt and also with varying the percentages of PEG. The results of unmodified asphalt mix are compared with the modified asphalt mix against some critical Marshall Mix parameters.

  14. Hybrid green permeable pave with hexagonal modular pavement systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashid, M. A.; Abustan, I.; Hamzah, M. O.

    2013-06-01

    Modular permeable pavements are alternatives to the traditional impervious asphalt and concrete pavements. Pervious pore spaces in the surface allow for water to infiltrate into the pavement during rainfall events. As of their ability to allow water to quickly infiltrate through the surface, modular permeable pavements allow for reductions in runoff quantity and peak runoff rates. Even in areas where the underlying soil is not ideal for modular permeable pavements, the installation of under drains has still been shown to reflect these reductions. Modular permeable pavements have been regarded as an effective tool in helping with stormwater control. It also affects the water quality of stormwater runoff. Places using modular permeable pavement has been shown to cause a significant decrease in several heavy metal concentrations as well as suspended solids. Removal rates are dependent upon the material used for the pavers and sub-base material, as well as the surface void space. Most heavy metals are captured in the top layers of the void space fill media. Permeable pavements are now considered an effective BMP for reducing stormwater runoff volume and peak flow. This study examines the extent to which such combined pavement systems are capable of handling load from the vehicles. Experimental investigation were undertaken to quantify the compressive characteristics of the modular. Results shows impressive results of achieving high safety factor for daily life vehicles.

  15. Study on Flexible Pavement Failures in Soft Soil Tropical Regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayakumar, M.; Chee Soon, Lee

    2015-04-01

    Road network system experienced rapid upgrowth since ages ago and it started developing in Malaysia during the colonization of British due to its significant impacts in transportation field. Flexible pavement, the major road network in Malaysia, has been deteriorating by various types of distresses which cause descending serviceability of the pavement structure. This paper discusses the pavement condition assessment carried out in Sarawak and Sabah, Malaysia to have design solutions for flexible pavement failures. Field tests were conducted to examine the subgrade strength of existing roads in Sarawak at various failure locations, to assess the impact of subgrade strength on pavement failures. Research outcomes from field condition assessment and subgrade testing showed that the critical causes of pavement failures are inadequate design and maintenance of drainage system and shoulder cross fall, along with inadequate pavement thickness provided by may be assuming the conservative value of soil strength at optimum moisture content, whereas the exiting and expected subgrade strengths at equilibrium moisture content are far below. Our further research shows that stabilized existing recycled asphalt and base materials to use as a sub-base along with bitumen stabilized open graded base in the pavement composition may be a viable solution for pavement failures.

  16. Nitrogen Transformations in Three Types of Permeable Pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    In 2009, USEPA constructed a 0.4-ha (1-ac) parking lot at the Edison Environmental Center in Edison, NJ, that incorporated three different permeable pavement types - permeable interlocking concrete pavers (PICP), pervious concrete (PC), and porous asphalt (PA). The driving lanes...

  17. Evaluation of pavement skid resistance using high speed texture measurement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jay N. Meegoda

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Skid resistance is an important parameter for highway designs, construction, management, maintenance and safety. The purpose of this manuscript is to propose the correlation between skid resistance, which is measured as skid resistance trailer, and mean profile depth (MPD or the macro surface texture, which is measured by vehicle mounted laser, so that highway agencies can predict the skid resistance of pavement without the use of expensive and time consuming skid resistance trailer, which also causes disruption of traffic in use. In this research skid numbers and MPD from 5 new asphalt pavements and 4 old asphalt pavements were collected using a locked wheel skid trailer and a vehicle mounted laser. Using the data collected, a correlation between the skid number (SN40R collected by locked wheel skid tester and the texture data or MPD collected by a vehicle mounted laser operating at highway speeds was developed. The proposed correlation for new pavements was positive for MPD values less than 0.75 mm to reach a peak SN40R value, then there was a negative correlation as the MPD increases until the MPD value was equal to 1.1 mm and beyond the MPD value of 1.1 mm to the maximum value of 1.4 mm, SN40R value remained almost constant. There were significant data scatter for the MPD value of 0.8 mm. To explain these results, water film thickness during the friction test was calculated and the critical MPD was defined. The effect of sealed water pool on the SN40R was discussed. The test result showed a similar trend for older asphalt pavements, but with lower SN40R values due to the polishing of pavement micro-texture by traffic. Hence, a reduction factor was proposed for older pavements based on cumulative traffic volume for the above correlation to predict the skid resistance of older pavements.

  18. How good are linear viscoelastic properties of asphalt binder to predict rutting and fatigue cracking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, J.S.; Tsai, C.J. (National Cheng Kung Univ., Tainan (Taiwan, Province of China). Dept. of Civil Engineering)

    1999-08-01

    This article evaluates the effects of linear viscoelastic properties of asphalt on pavement rutting and fatigue cracking. The parameters in the binder specification recently developed by the Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP) were also compared for pavement performance. Two studies were conducted for asphalt-aggregate mixes. The first study was the wheel tracking test to evaluate the rutting of mixes containing three asphalts. The second study was a detailed field study of the effects of binder properties on the pavement performance of eight different sections. Results of both investigations indicated that SHRP parameters were not sufficient indicators for predicting the rutting and fatigue cracking of pavements. The discrepancies between performance data and existing parameters of the binder mainly resulted from the inherited assumptions made during the specification development, that is, stress- or strain-controlled mode and traffic loading frequency. In order to directly relate the linear viscoelastic properties of asphalt binders to pavement performance, calculating the dissipated energy per traffic cycle, W[sub d], became imperative. Fundamental derivation of W[sub d] was developed in this study. Results indicated that W[sub d] could predict the rutting and fatigue cracking of pavements reasonably well, This study, proposed the dissipated energy, W[sub d], as the single parameter for evaluating pavement rutting and fatigue cracking.

  19. Preparation of Flame Retardant Modified with Titanate for Asphalt Binder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Li

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Improving the compatibility between flame retardant and asphalt is a difficult task due to the complex nature of the materials. This study explores a low dosage compound flame retardant and seeks to improve the compatibility between flame retardants and asphalt. An orthogonal experiment was designed taking magnesium hydroxide, ammonium polyphosphate, and melamine as factors. The oil absorption and activation index were tested to determine the effect of titanate on the flame retardant additive. The pavement performance test was conducted to evaluate the effect of the flame retardant additive. Oxygen index test was conducted to confirm the effect of flame retardant on flame ability of asphalt binder. The results of this study showed that the new composite flame retardant is more effective in improving the compatibility between flame retardant and asphalt and reducing the limiting oxygen index of asphalt binder tested in this study.

  20. Application of retardation time spectra of asphalt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAN Xiao-li; ZHANG Xiao-ning; LU Liang

    2008-01-01

    To improve the performance of asphah pavement,the dynamic and static tests of asphalt were used to measure its viscoelastic properties under different time.Based on the obtained data of static creep compliances and dynamic compliances according to the static creep test and dynamic test of asphalt using the dynamic shear rheometer,the discrete retardation time spectra were attained using the non-linear regression method.All viseoelastic functions are mathematically equivalent and belong to the same retardation time spectra,so the dynamic compliances of asphalt were converted to the static creep compliance using the retardation time spectra.Good correlations were found betwin calculation results and measurement results.In accordalice to these findings,the retardation time spectra can accurately transform static and dynamic viscoelastic functions.Therefore,we can obtain viscoelastic properties over much larger time or frequency region than measurement results.

  1. The Asphalt Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asphalt Inst., College Park, MD.

    The new and completely revised edition of the Asphalt Handbook, a standard reference work in the field of asphalt technology and construction, summarizes with reference the information contained in other Asphalt Institute technical manuals. Major areas discussed include the following--(1) uses of asphalt, (2) terms relating to asphalt and its…

  2. Performance related characterisation of the mechanical behaviour of asphalt mixtures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Molenaar, J.M.M.

    2004-01-01

    The investigation was undertaken to support innovations in the field of asphalt pavement design and material selection, and to be able to evaluate or judge the risk of failure and cost-effectiveness of newly developed paving materials in order to justify their application. To be able to determine th

  3. The impact of light-colored pavements on active layer dynamics revealed by Ground-Penetrating Radar monitoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Anders Stuhr; Ingeman-Nielsen, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    further development of depressions in the asphalt pavement. One of these areas has been used in the GPR investigations to compare the variations of the frost table underneath a normal dark asphalt surface to that below a more reflective surface. The GPR results have shown a clear correlation between...... climate on arctic infrastructures....

  4. AC+C RC复合式隧道路面沥青混合料面层力学分析%Mechanical Analysis on Asphalt Surface Course of AC+CRC Tunnel Pavement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙艳华; 吴超凡; 张继森; 李泉

    2014-01-01

    This paper makes a calculation and analysis of the distribution on tensile stress and shear stress of asphalt layer,on maximum shear stress and the corresponding normal stress between wear-ing layer and substratum,by using Shell design software BISAR 3.0 and the finite element software ABAQUS.The results show that the bottom of the asphalt layer appears larger compressive stress,the as-phalt surface layer appears larger tensile stress ,as the bearing layer is rigid.Regardless of the horizontal load,the asphalt layer maximum tensile stress appears transverse edge of the wheel track on the surface of asphalt layer,and maximum shear stress appears wheel bottom central below 4.5 cm off the surface;Considering horizontal load,maximum tensile stress appears the edge of the wheel track along the driving direction on the asphalt surface layer ,and the maximum shear stress appears the edge of the wheel track on the asphalt surface layer.The maximum shear stress increases with adhesion coefficient increasing be-tween asphalt surface layer and substratum,and decreases with thickness of asphalt surface layer increas-ing,which corresponding normal stress is compressive stress.%以水平荷载及沥青面层厚度作为变量,基于弹性层状体系理论,采用壳牌设计软件 BISAR 3.0和有限元软件 ABAQUS,计算分析了常温下连续配筋水泥混凝土沥青面层复合式隧道路面沥青面层的正应力与剪应力分布情况、面层表面磨耗层与下卧层层间最大剪应力及相应的正应力分布情况。结果表明:由于下承层为刚性基层,沥青面层层底出现较大的压应力,而沥青层表面出现较大的拉应力。不考虑水平荷载时,沥青面层最大拉应力出现在沥青面层表面横行轮迹边缘,最大剪应力出现在距沥青表面4.5 cm 处的轮底中央;考虑水平荷载时,沥青面层最大拉应力出现在沥青面层表面行车方向轮迹边缘,最大剪应力出现在沥

  5. Comparative Analysis of Mechanical Response of Asphalt Concrete Pavement to Different Loads%不同形式荷载下沥青混凝土路面结构力学响应的对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈俊; 陈景雅; 刘云; 吴建涛

    2013-01-01

    Wheel loads in present pavement analysis systems are commonly simplified as three forms,namely static load,vibrating load and moving load with a constant speed.In order to understand the diffe rence of pavement response subject to the three simplified loadings,the discrete element model of pavement structure is constructed according to a typical flexible pavement.The effects of loading on pavement structure are simulated using the discrete element method.Thereafter,comparisons of pavement response subject to the three different loading are performed.Results show that only the maximum response to moving load can be reflected by static and vibration loading.The alternation of tensile and compressive response and double-action of the horizontal shearing stress cannot be simulated by static and vibration loading.%在分析车辆荷载作用下路面结构响应时,车辆荷载通常被简化为静止、振动和匀速移动3类形式.为了准确把握荷载不同简化形式下路面结构响应的差异,根据柔性路面的典型结构形式,建立了路面结构的离散元模型;采用离散元颗粒流软件,分别模拟了静止、振动和移动荷载对路面结构的作用,并对比分析了不同荷载形式下路面结构的力学响应.结果表明,静止、振动荷载只能反映移动荷载作用于路面结构后最大响应,亦即移动荷载越过路面结构某位置的瞬间,静止荷载响应与振动和移动荷载响应的峰值相当;静止、振动荷载不能反映移动荷载对路面结构引起的拉、压交替响应,以及车辆移动引起的路面结构内水平剪应力不同方向的两次作用.

  6. Asphalt cement poisoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... petroleum material that hardens when it cools. Asphalt cement poisoning occurs when someone swallows asphalt. If hot ... found in: Road paving materials Roofing materials Tile cements Asphalt may also be used for other purposes.

  7. Investigation of Asphalt Mixture Creep Behavior Using Thin Beam Specimens

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The asphalt pavement layer consists of two or more lifts of compacted asphalt mixture; the top of the layer is also exposed to aging, a factor that significantly affects the mixture properties. The current testing specifications use rather thick specimens that cannot be used to investigate the gradual change in properties with pavement depth. This paper investigates the feasibility of using the 3-point bending test with thin asphalt mixture beams (127x12.7x6.35 mm) to determine the low-temperature creep compliance of the mixtures. Several theoretical and semi-empirical models, from the theory of composites, are reviewed and evaluated using numerical and experimental data. Preliminary results show that this method can be used for low-temperature mixture characterization but several crucial factors need further inspection and interpretation

  8. Pavement Sealcoat, PAHs, and the Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Metre, P. C.; Mahler, B. J.

    2011-12-01

    Recent research by the USGS has identified coal-tar-based pavement sealants as a major source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to the environment. Coal-tar-based sealcoat is commonly used to coat parking lots and driveways and is typically is 20-35 percent coal tar pitch, a known human carcinogen. Several PAHs are suspected mutagens, carcinogens, and (or) teratogens. In the central and eastern U.S. where the coal-tar-based sealants dominate use, sum-PAH concentration in dust particles from sealcoated pavement is about 1,000 times higher than in the western U.S. where the asphalt-based formulation is prevalent. Source apportionment modeling indicates that particles from sealcoated pavement are contributing the majority of the PAHs to recent lake sediment in 35 U.S. urban lakes and are the primary cause of upward trends in PAHs in many of these lakes. Mobile particles from parking lots with coal-tar-based sealcoat are tracked indoors, resulting in elevated PAH concentrations in house dust. In a recently completed study, volatilization fluxes of PAHs from sealcoated pavement were estimated to be about 60 times fluxes from unsealed pavement. Using a wide variety of methods, the author and colleagues have shown that coal-tar-based sealcoat is a major source of PAHs to the urban environment and might pose risks to aquatic life and human health.

  9. 沥青路面路基结构组合优化力学分析%Optimal Design of Structure for Asphalt Pavement and Subgrade Using Mechanical Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴桂华; 李志勇

    2012-01-01

    In order to optimize structure combination at field from view of mechanism of interactions between pavement and subgrade, finite element models were established with summary of common distress of ac pavement, deflection,tensile stress at the bottom of base and vertical compress stress at the top of subgrade were chosen as evaluation criterion. Total six structure combinations performance were studied based on FEM results, thus guidance of ac pavement and subgrade were achieved.%为明确路面路基协同工作机理,指导实际工程中结构组合优化,以某高速公路3种路床搭配两种典型半刚性基层沥青路面建立了有限元模型,在总结分析沥青路面常见损坏基础上,以路表弯沉、基层底面弯拉应力、路基顶面竖向压应力为指标,研究了共6种结构组合的工作性能,对沥青路面与路基的结构设计具有一定指导意义.

  10. Development of the Asphalt Multi-Integrated Roller Field and Experimental Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abd El Halim Omar Abd El Halim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Asphalt pavements have been compacted using steel drum rollers for a century. However, the problems that are observed today on these pavements are universal with no solution in sight. Intensive research work has been invested to identify the mechanisms that cause these problems. A recent development was the introduction of SuperPave mix design, GP asphalt cements, and the use of reinforcing elements ranging from polymer to steel bars. Yet it seems that none of these solutions have succeeded in eliminating any of the old problems. The pavements suffer from serious distresses regardless of the geographic location of the pavements and its design, materials, traffic loads, and climate condition. This paper presents a new approach to deal with the problems facing the asphalt pavements. While the research efforts to date concentrated on materials-related solutions, this paper identifies conventional compaction equipment as the cause of many problems observed on the pavements. The paper provides the development of the new Asphalt Multi-Integrated Roller, AMIR, and discusses new developments leading to a number of commercial field trials on several Ontario highways. The paper concludes that current compactors must be replaced with soft flat plates in order to achieve the required specifications for long term performance.

  11. 旧水泥混凝土路面沥青罩面层间处治方案对比研究%Study on the Interlayer Treatment Methods of Old Cement Concrete Pavement and Asphalt Overlay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊永华

    2015-01-01

    基于拉拔试验、APA 试验以及扭剪疲劳试验研究了橡胶沥青应力吸收层、橡胶粉改性 AC —5沥青混合料、玻璃格栅+纤维改性沥青混合料3种应力吸收层的层间粘结特性、抗反射裂缝能力和抗疲劳耐久性,试验结果表明,采用砂粒式 AC —5橡胶粉改性沥青混合料方案的层间粘结强度最大,且其在水-温耦合作用下抗反射裂缝效果最好,而玻璃格栅+纤维改性沥青混合料抗扭曲疲劳性能最好,总结了一套应力吸收层方案选择及性能评价的试验方法,为“白改黑”工程应力吸收层结构选择提供理论借鉴。%Based on the pull-out tests,APA and torsional shear fatigue tests to study the layer in-terlayer adhesion properties,anti-reflective and anti-fatigue crack durability of stress-absorbing layer of rubber asphalt,rubber modified AC-5 asphalt,glass fiber grille + modified asphalt mixture of three kinds of stress absorbing.results show that:using inter-layer sand type AC-5 rubber modified asphalt bond strength is maximum,and in the water-temperature coupling the action of reflection crack resistance effect is best,And the glass grill +fiber modified asphalt mixture fatigue strength for the best distortion, Summarizes a set of stress absorbing layer scheme selection and test method of performance evaluation, for “white to black”engineering stress absorbed layer structure choice to provide theoretical reference.

  12. Technical Application of Warm-Mix Flame-retardant Noise Reduction Asphalt Mixture in Tunnel Pavement%温拌阻燃降噪沥青混合料在隧道路面的应用技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴喜荣; 李素贤

    2014-01-01

    为减少因热拌沥青混合料产生的热量和烟雾对施工人员身体健康的危害,开发了一种拌和温度低、阻燃效果好、降噪效果好的温拌阻燃降噪型沥青混合料。通过室内试验,分析了沥青的阻燃效果,对阻燃温拌降噪型沥青混合料 OGFC -13与热拌沥青混合料 AC -13在不同拌和温度下阻燃方面、降噪效果方面的优越性进行了试验研究,并通过江西省赤水隧道项目试验路的铺筑验证温拌阻燃降噪型沥青混合料在施工中优良的铺筑效果。结果表明,采用添加温拌剂和阻燃剂的温拌阻燃技术,能够使得温拌阻燃降噪型沥青混合料在没有影响路用性能的基础上,较普通热拌沥青混合料具良好的降温、阻燃和降噪性能,在试验路的铺筑过程中该种混合料没有产生大量的热量和烟雾,通过试验路铺筑后的噪音测试,该种混合料可以降低5 dB 左右的噪音。%To reduce the heat and smoke produced by hot mix asphalt mixture and the threat to the health of construction personnel ,a new warm-mix flame-retardant noise reduction asphalt mixture was developed .This mixture requires lower mixing temperature and it has excellent performance of flame retardance and noise reduction .The comparison test between OGFC - 13 ,the warm-mix flame-retardant noise reduction asphalt mixture ,and AC - 13 ,the hot-mix asphalt mixture was conducted to analyze the mixture properties of flame retardance and noise reduction under different mixing tempera-ture .The excellent paving performance of the warm-mix flame-retardant noise reduction asphalt mixture was verified in the construction of Chishui tunnel in Jiangxi .The result indicates that the warm-mix flame-tretardant asphalt mixture per-formances better at cooling ,antiflaming and noise reduction than the ordinary hot-mix asphalt mixture ,due to the warm-mix flame-retardant technique of adding warm-mix agent and flame retardant

  13. Evaluation of Warm Mix Asphalt Additives for Use in Modified Asphalt Mixtures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamoun, Zahi

    The objective of this research effort is to evaluate the use of warm-mix additives with polymer modified and terminal blend tire rubber asphalt mixtures from Nevada and California. The research completed over two stages: first stage evaluated two different WMA technologies; Sasobit and Advera, and second stage evaluated one additional WMA technology; Evotherm. The experimental program covered the evaluation of resistance of the mixtures to moisture damage, the performance characteristics of the mixtures, and mechanistic analysis of mixtures in simulated pavements. In the both stages, the mixture resistance to moisture damage was evaluated using the indirect tensile test and the dynamic modulus at multiple freeze-thaw cycles, and the resistance of the various asphalt mixtures to permanent deformation using the Asphalt Mixture Performance Tester (AMPT). Resistance of the untreated mixes to fatigue cracking using the flexural beam fatigue was only completed for the first stage. One source of aggregates was sampled in, two different batches, three warm mix asphalt technologies (Advera, Sasobit and Evotherm) and three asphalt binder types (neat, polymer-modified, and terminal blend tire rubber modified asphalt binders) typically used in Nevada and California were evaluated in this study. This thesis presents the resistance of the first stage mixtures to permanent deformation and fatigue cracking using two warm-mix additives; Advera and Sasobit, and the resistance to moisture damage and permanent deformation of the second stage mixtures with only one warm-mix additive; Evotherm.

  14. Evolution of the asphaltic cements specification in the developing countries; Evolucao das especificacoes de cimentos asfalticos nos paises desenvolvidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leite, Leni F.M.; Constantino, Romulo S. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisas; Tonial, Ilonir A. [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Abastecimento

    2000-07-01

    After SUPERPAVE binder specifications implementation in USA and Canada in 1997, regarding rheological tests, relating to pavement performance, Europe is studying the possibility to include some parameters already developed by SUPERPAVE in the new European binder specifications to be launched by the end of 2000. Australia, South Africa and New Zealand are also developing researches in this field. The employment of polymer modified asphalts are also increasing the search for new tests that present correlation with pavement performance. In Brazil, the petroleum company PETROBRAS has been using since 1994 rheological tests to the evaluation of asphalt cements and modified asphalts. (author)

  15. Current practices for modification of paving asphalts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahia, H.U.; Perdomo, D. [Asphalt Institute, Lexington, KY (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The Superpave binder specification, AASHTO MP1, has introduced new concepts for selecting paving asphalt binders. The specification, in addition to using rheological and failure measurements that are more related to performance, is based on the idea that the criteria to maintain a satisfactory contribution of asphalt binders to the resistance of pavement failures remains the same but have to be satisfied at critical application temperatures. The test procedures require that the material be characterized within certain ranges of strains or stresses to ensure that material and geometric non-linearities are not confounded in the measurements. These new specification concepts have resulted in re-evaluation of asphalt modification by the majority of modified asphalt suppliers. The philosophy of asphalt modification is expected to change, following these new concepts, from a general improvement of quality to more focus on using modifiers based on the most critical need as defined by two factors: (1) The application temperature domain and (2) the type of distress to be remedied. The new specification requirements should result in a more effective use of modifiers as the amount and type of modifier will be directly related to the application environment and the engineering requirements.

  16. Utilization of recycled asphalt concrete with warm mix asphalt and cost-benefit analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oner, Julide; Sengoz, Burak

    2015-01-01

    The asphalt paving industries are faced with two major problems. These two important challenges are generated with an increase in demand for environmentally friendly paving mixtures and the problem of rapidly rising raw materials. Recycling of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) is a critical necessity to save precious aggregates and reduce the use of costly bitumen. Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) technology provides not only the option of recycling asphalt pavement at a lower temperature than the temperature maintained in hot mixtures but also encourages the utilization of RAP and therefore saves energy and money. This paper describes the feasibility of utilizing three different WMA additives (organic, chemical and water containing) at recommended contents with different percentages of RAP. The mechanical properties and cost-benefit analysis of WMA containing RAP have been performed and compared with WMA without RAP. The results indicated that, 30%, 10% and 20% can be accepted as an optimum RAP addition related to organic, chemical and water containing additives respectively and organic additive with 30% RAP content has an appreciable increase in tensile strength over the control mix. It was also concluded that the RAP with WMA technology is the ability to reduce final cost compared to HMA and WMA mixtures. PMID:25574851

  17. Experimental Study of the Anti-Skid Property Scenic Asphalt Pavements in the Southern Region%南方景区道路抗滑沥青路面路用性能试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅东阳; 胡昌斌; 陈永乐

    2011-01-01

    为了改善景区道路的安全性和抗滑性,分析了级配的类型和集料的种类对沥青混合料各项性能的影响,特别是对沥青混合料的抗滑性能的影响.结果表明,采用中粒式沥青混合料适合于高温地区道路的高温稳定性要求;采用空隙率小于5%的密实混合料级配适合于湿润多雨气候条件下的沥青路面水稳性的要求.为了改善陡坡路段沥青路面抗滑性能,级配中应该增加粒径大于4.75 mm的粗集料的含量.%In order to improve the safety and anti-skid property of the scenic roads, the affection of the types of gradation and aggregates on various properties of asphalt mixture has been investigated in this paper, especially on the anti-skid property. The results show that medium-size asphalt mixture is suitable for the high temperature stability in the high temperature region. The dense-graded mixture with less than 5% void content can satisfy the requirements for asphalt water-stability in the wet and rainy conditions. To improve anti-skid property in the steep slope, the concentration of coarse aggregates with the diameter larger than 4.75 mm should be increased.

  18. Environmental interactions of Sulphlex pavement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferenbaugh, R W; Gladney, E S; Soholt, L F; Lyall, K A; Kimber Wallwork-Barber, M; Herman, L E

    1992-01-01

    Sulphlex, a mixture of elemental sulfur and plasticizers, has been considered for use as an asphalt substitute in road construction. Because this material contains substantial quantities of elemental sulfur, it is a potential substrate for growth of sulfur-oxidising bacteria. Experiments, performed to determine the susceptibility of Sulphlex in Sulphlex-containing media to degradation by Thiobacillus thiooxidans, resulted in breakdown of the Sulphlex material and concomitant production of acid. In concurrent studies, plants were grown in Sulphlex-amended soils. These plants exhibited higher sulfur content and reduced productivity as compared with plants grown in unamended soils, indicating that Sulphlex was being broken down in the soil and that the breakdown products were apparently having a detrimental effect on plant productivity. These experiments indicate that naturally occurring sulfur-oxidising bacteria have the potential to break down Sulphlex paving material, resulting in adverse effects on both the structural integrity of the pavement and the local environment. PMID:15091995

  19. The effect of Cryogenic Crumb Rubber in cold recycled mixes for road pavements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pettinari, Matteo; Dondi, Giulio; Sangiorgi, Cesare;

    2014-01-01

    Over recent years, the necessity of reducing the environmental mpact of building new infrastructures has increasingly directed research toward developing innovative manufacturing methods and materials that can satisfy these objectives. Cold recycling, widely used in renovating road pavements...... in Italy, is also moving in this direction, lowering the manufacturing temperatures of bituminous mixes and reducing or ultimately eliminating the use of virgin raw materials. Currently, a wide range of materials are used and, consequently, the number of variables to be considered in the mix-design process...... of cold recycled mixes for road bases is considerable. Furthermore, new products are continuously being introduced or developed for recycling purposes. The objective of this research project was to test the effects, both mechanically and environmentally, of crumb rubber included in 100% Reclaimed Asphalt...

  20. Rutting Resistance of Asphalt Overlay with Multilayer Wheel Tracking Test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIAO Weidong; CHEN Zheng; WU Shaopeng; MO Liantong; LIU Gang

    2006-01-01

    The rutting resistance of multilayer asphalt overlay was researched by using laboratory wheel tracking test. The effects of loading level and test temperature on rutting resistance of asphalt overlay structure were evaluated by means of multilayer specimens .In comparison with multilayer tests, standard specimens of various layers were also conducted to evaluate the rutting resistance. Experimental results indicated that the test temperature and applied load have a significant effect on rutting resistance of asphalt concrete. Higher test temperature and heavier applied load resulted in higher rut depths. In addition, the mutilayer wheel tracking test has been demonstrated to be a more reasonable solution in evaluation on rutting resistance of asphatt pavement structure beasuse it reflects the cumulative permanent deformation in all of asphalt layers.

  1. Evaluation of accelerated deterioration in NAPTF flexible test pavements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kasthurirangan GOPALAKRISHNAN

    2008-01-01

    Previous research studies have successfully demonstrated the use of artificial neural network(ANN)models for predicting critical structural responses and layer moduli of highway flexible pavements.The primary objective of this study was to develop an ANN-based approach for backcalculation of pavement moduli based on heavy weight deflectometer(HWD)test data,especially in the analysis of airport flexible pavements subjected to new generation aircraft(NGA).Two medium-strength subgrade flexible test sections,at the National Airport Pavement Test Facility(NAPTF),were modeled using a finite element(FE) based pavement analysis program,which can consider the non-linear stress-dependent behavior of pavement geomaterials.A multi-layer,feed-forward network which uses an error-backpropagation algorithm was trained to approximate the HWD backcalculation function using the FE program generated synthetic database.At the NAPTF,test sections were subjected to Boeing 777 (B777)trafficking on one lane and Boeing 747(B747)trafficking on the other lane using a test machine.To monitor the effect of traffic and climatic variations on pavement structural responses.HWD tests were conducted on the traffieked lanes and on the untraffieked centerline of test sections as trafficking progressed.The trained ANN models were successfully applied on the actual HWD test data acquired at the NAPTF to predict the asphalt concrete moduli and non-1inear subgrade moduli of the medium-strength subgrade flexible test sections.

  2. LOW-NOISE PAVEMENT AS A WAY OF LIMITATION OF TRAFFIC NOISE LEVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Władysław Gardziejczyk

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Road surface can significantlyreduce the trafficnoise level. Depending on the characteristic of the upper surface layers the differences between the maximum rolling noise levels from passing vehicles to reach values about 10 dB (A. A special group is low-noise pavements characterized by the presence of voids above 15%. Application the porous asphalt layers or asphalt mixture type BBTM affects a significantreduction the width of land surrounded the roads where permissible equivalent sound level is exceeded. Such solutions in some cases can replace acoustic barriers. Road pavements with a higher content of voids require proper maintenance because their acoustic performances are reduced during operation.

  3. Experimental investigation of basic oxygen furnace slag used as aggregate in asphalt mixture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Yongjie; Wu, Shaopeng; Hou, Haobo; Zha, Jin

    2006-11-16

    Chinese researchers have commenced a great deal of researches on the development of application fields of basic oxygen steel making furnace slag (BOF slag) for many years. Lots of new applications and properties have been found, but few of them in asphalt mixture of road construction engineering. This paper discussed the feasibility of BOF steel slag used as aggregate in asphalt pavement by two points of view including BOF steel slag's physical and micro-properties as well as steel slag asphalt materials and pavement performances. For the former part, this paper mainly concerned the mechanochemistry and physical changes of the steel slag and studied it by performing XRD, SEM, TG and mercury porosimeter analysis and testing method. In the second part, this paper intended to use BOF steel slag as raw material, and design steel slag SMA mixture. By using traditional rutting test, soak wheel track and modified Lottman test, the high temperature stability and water resistance ability were tested. Single axes compression test and indirect tensile test were performed to evaluate the low temperature crack resistance performance and fatigue characteristic. Simultaneously, by observing steel slag SMA pavement which was paved successfully. A follow-up study to evaluate the performance of the experimental pavement confirmed that the experimental pavement was comparable with conventional asphalt pavement, even superior to the later in some aspects. All of above test results and analysis had only one main purpose that this paper validated the opinion that using BOF slag in asphalt concrete is feasible. So this paper suggested that treated and tested steel slag should be used in a more extensive range, especially in asphalt mixture paving projects in such an abundant steel slag resource region. PMID:16982138

  4. "Full-Scale Testing of Pavement Response"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ullidtz, Per; Ekdahl, Peter

    1998-01-01

    -analysing FWD data and for calculating the stresses and the strains, the simple method based on Odemark's transformations and Boussinesq's equations appeared to be as good as, or better than, the more sophisticated methods using layered elastic theory or the Finite Element Method.......Three pavement sections in southern Sweden were instrumented in late 1991. Each section have instruments for measuring the strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer, vertical stress and strains in the subgrade and temperatures at different depths. The purpose was to evaluate different theoretical...... methods for determining stresses, strains and deflections in pavement structurers.Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) test were done on the test sections, and stresses and strains were measured both under FWD loading and under a rolling wheel load. Different back-analysis procedures were used to derive...

  5. Cold Region Pavements%寒区路面

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GuyDore

    2002-01-01

    The article mainly discusses several essential problems of cold region pavement, including thermal cracking of asphalt concrete, cracking deterioration and heaving, frost heave, seasonal and long term roughness induced by different frost heave, frost heave cracking, bearing capacity loss during spring thaw. The reason for these problems is that cold region pavements are subjected to intense solicitation by climatic and environmental factors. The author offers several models corresponding to the solicitation. Furthermore in conclusion of the article the author indicates future research for cold region.

  6. Water quality and quantity assessment of pervious pavements performance in experimental car park areas

    OpenAIRE

    Sañudo Fontaneda, Luis Ángel; Charlesworth, Susanne M.; Castro Fresno, Daniel; Andrés Valeri, Valero Carlos Alessio; Rodríguez Hernández, Jorge

    2014-01-01

    Pervious pavements have become one of the most used sustainable urban drainage system (SUDS) techniques in car parks. This research paper presents the results of monitoring water quality from several experimental car park areas designed and constructed in Spain with bays made of interlocking concrete block pavement, porous asphalt, polymer-modified porous concrete and reinforced grass with plastic and concrete cells. Moreover, two different sub-base materials were used (limestone aggregates a...

  7. The reinforcement and healing of asphalt mastic mixtures by rejuvenator encapsulation in alginate compartmented fibres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabaković, A.; Post, W.; Cantero, D.; Copuroglu, O.; Garcia, S. J.; Schlangen, E.

    2016-08-01

    This paper explores the potential use of compartmented alginate fibres as a new method of incorporating rejuvenators into asphalt pavement mixtures. The compartmented fibres are employed to locally distribute the rejuvenator and to overcome the problems associated with spherical capsules and hollow fibres. The work presents proof of concept of the encapsulation process which involved embedding the fibres into the asphalt mastic mixture and the survival rate of fibres in the asphalt mixture. To prove the effectiveness of the alginate as a rejuvenator encapsulating material and to demonstrate its ability survive asphalt production process, the fibres containing the rejuvenator were prepared and subjected to thermogravimetric analysis and uniaxial tensile test. The test results demonstrated that fibres have suitable thermal and mechanical strength to survive the asphalt mixing and compaction process. The CT scan of an asphalt mortar mix containing fibres demonstrated that fibres are present in the mix in their full length, undamaged, providing confirmation that the fibres survived the asphalt production process. In order to investigate the fibres physiological properties and ability to release the rejuvenator into cracks in the asphalt mastic, the environmental scanning electron microscope and optical microscope analysis were employed. To prove its success as an asphalt healing system, compartmented alginate fibres containing rejuvenator were embedded in asphalt mastic mix. The three point bend tests were performed on the asphalt mastic test samples and the degree to which the samples began to self-heal in response was measured and quantified. The research findings indicate that alginate fibres present a promising new approach for the development of self-healing asphalt pavement systems.

  8. Pavement Subgrade Performance Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Wei; Ullidtz, Per; Macdonald, Robin

    1998-01-01

    The report describes the second test in the Danish Road Testing Machine (RTM) under the International Pavement Subgrade Performance Study. Pavement response was measured in different layers, and compared to different theroretical values. Performance in terms of plastic strains, rutting...

  9. Permeable pavement study (Edison)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — While permeable pavement is increasingly being used to control stormwater runoff, field-based, side-by-side investigations on the effects different pavement types...

  10. Comparative field permeability measurement of permeable pavements using ASTM C1701 and NCAT permeameter methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hui; Kayhanian, Masoud; Harvey, John T

    2013-03-30

    Fully permeable pavement is gradually gaining support as an alternative best management practice (BMP) for stormwater runoff management. As the use of these pavements increases, a definitive test method is needed to measure hydraulic performance and to evaluate clogging, both for performance studies and for assessment of permeability for construction quality assurance and maintenance needs assessment. Two of the most commonly used permeability measurement tests for porous asphalt and pervious concrete are the National Center for Asphalt Technology (NCAT) permeameter and ASTM C1701, respectively. This study was undertaken to compare measured values for both methods in the field on a variety of permeable pavements used in current practice. The field measurements were performed using six experimental section designs with different permeable pavement surface types including pervious concrete, porous asphalt and permeable interlocking concrete pavers. Multiple measurements were performed at five locations on each pavement test section. The results showed that: (i) silicone gel is a superior sealing material to prevent water leakage compared with conventional plumbing putty; (ii) both methods (NCAT and ASTM) can effectively be used to measure the permeability of all pavement types and the surface material type will not impact the measurement precision; (iii) the permeability values measured with the ASTM method were 50-90% (75% on average) lower than those measured with the NCAT method; (iv) the larger permeameter cylinder diameter used in the ASTM method improved the reliability and reduced the variability of the measured permeability.

  11. Comparative field permeability measurement of permeable pavements using ASTM C1701 and NCAT permeameter methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hui; Kayhanian, Masoud; Harvey, John T

    2013-03-30

    Fully permeable pavement is gradually gaining support as an alternative best management practice (BMP) for stormwater runoff management. As the use of these pavements increases, a definitive test method is needed to measure hydraulic performance and to evaluate clogging, both for performance studies and for assessment of permeability for construction quality assurance and maintenance needs assessment. Two of the most commonly used permeability measurement tests for porous asphalt and pervious concrete are the National Center for Asphalt Technology (NCAT) permeameter and ASTM C1701, respectively. This study was undertaken to compare measured values for both methods in the field on a variety of permeable pavements used in current practice. The field measurements were performed using six experimental section designs with different permeable pavement surface types including pervious concrete, porous asphalt and permeable interlocking concrete pavers. Multiple measurements were performed at five locations on each pavement test section. The results showed that: (i) silicone gel is a superior sealing material to prevent water leakage compared with conventional plumbing putty; (ii) both methods (NCAT and ASTM) can effectively be used to measure the permeability of all pavement types and the surface material type will not impact the measurement precision; (iii) the permeability values measured with the ASTM method were 50-90% (75% on average) lower than those measured with the NCAT method; (iv) the larger permeameter cylinder diameter used in the ASTM method improved the reliability and reduced the variability of the measured permeability. PMID:23434738

  12. Evaluation of Hydrated Lime Filler in Asphalt Mixtures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Abbas Hasan Al-Jumaily

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Mineral filler is one of important materials and affecting on properties and quality of asphalt mixtures .There are different types of mineral filler depended on cost and quality , the matter encourages us to achieve this study to evaluate hydrated lime filler effects on properties of asphalt mixes related with strength and durability. Conventional asphaltic concrete mixtures with Portland cement and soft sandstone fillers and mixtures modified with hydrated lime were evaluated for their fundamental engineering properties as defined by Marshall properties , index of retained strength , indirect tensile strength , permanent deformation characteristics , and fatigue resistance .A typical dense graded mixture employed in construction of surface course pavement in Iraq in accordance with SCRB specifications was used .The materials used in this study included mineral aggregate materials (coarse and fine sizes were originally obtained from Najaf Sea quarries and two grades of asphalt cements produced from Daurah refinery which are D47 and D66 . The physical properties , stiffness modulus and chemical composition are evaluated for the recovered asphalt cement from prepared asphalt mixes containing various filler types .The paper results indicated that the addition of hydrated lime as mineral filler improved the permanent deformation characteristics and fatigue life and the use of hydrated lime will decrease the moisture susceptibility of the asphalt mixtures.

  13. Vehicle-Pavement Interaction

    OpenAIRE

    Khavassefat, Parisa

    2014-01-01

    Several aspects of vehicle-pavement interaction have been studied and discussed in this thesis. Initially the pavement response is studied through a quasi-static and a dynamic computationally efficient framework under moving traffic loads. Subsequently, a non-stationary stochastic solution has been developed in order to account for the effect of pavement surface deterioration on pavement service life.The quasi-static procedure is based on a superposition principle and is computationally favou...

  14. The Application of Asphalt Cold Recycling Technology in Lower Yellow River Flood Control Project

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao Yu Kun; Li Qing An

    2016-01-01

    Asphalt cold recycling technology has many advantages, such as rapid construction, energy saving, and environmental protection. In this article, the works based on the flood control dike road repair of lower Yellow River flood control project and cold asphalt recycling technology. Combined with the current flood control dike road in Liaocheng, the old pavement rehabilitation program was designed and the program was successfully implemented. It provided a successful reference cases for applica...

  15. Black curves and creep behaviour of crumb rubber modified binders containing warm mix asphalt additives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallego, Juan; Rodríguez-Alloza, Ana María; Giuliani, Felice

    2016-03-01

    Warm mix asphalt (WMA) is a new research topic in the field of road pavement materials. This technology allows lower energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by reducing compaction and placement temperatures of the asphalt mixtures. However, this technology is still under study, and the influence of the WMA additives has yet to be investigated thoroughly and clearly identified, especially in the case of crumb rubber modified (CRM) binders.

  16. Black curves and creep behaviour of crumb rubber modified binders containing warm mix asphalt additives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallego, Juan; Rodríguez-Alloza, Ana María; Giuliani, Felice

    2016-08-01

    Warm mix asphalt (WMA) is a new research topic in the field of road pavement materials. This technology allows lower energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by reducing compaction and placement temperatures of the asphalt mixtures. However, this technology is still under study, and the influence of the WMA additives has yet to be investigated thoroughly and clearly identified, especially in the case of crumb rubber modified (CRM) binders.

  17. Influence of Subgrade and Unbound Granular Layers Stiffness on Fatigue Life of Hot Mix Asphalts - HMA

    OpenAIRE

    Hugo A. Rondón-Quintana; Wilmar D. Fernández-Gómez; Jesús A. Hernández-Noguera

    2013-01-01

    The mainly factors studied to predict fatigue life of hot mix asphalt-HMA in flexible pavements are the loading effect, type of test, compaction methods, design parameters of HMA (e.g., particle size and size distribution curve, fine content, type of bitumen) and the variables associated with the environment (mainly moisture, temperature, aging). This study evaluated through a computer simulation, the influence of the granular layers and subgrade on the fatigue life of asphalt layers in flexi...

  18. Aging Influence on Fatigue Characteristics of RAC Mixtures Containing Warm Asphalt Additives

    OpenAIRE

    Feipeng Xiao; Wenbin Zhao; Serji N. Amirkhanian

    2010-01-01

    Aging is an important factor to affect the long-term performance of asphalt pavement. The fatigue life of a typical warm mix asphalt (WMA) is generally related to various factors of rheological and mechanical properties of the mixture. The study of the fatigue behavior of the specific rubberized WMA is helpful in recycling the scrap tires and saving energy in terms of the conventional laboratory aging process. This study explores the utilization of the conventional fatigue analysis approach i...

  19. Caltrans use of scrap tires in asphalt rubber products: a comprehensive review

    OpenAIRE

    Haiping Zhou; Sri Holikatti; Peter Vacura

    2014-01-01

    The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) has been using scrap tire rubber in asphalt pavements since the 1970s in chip seals and the 1980s in rubberized hot mix asphalt(RHMA). Both the wet (field blend) and dry processes were used in early trials. Caltrans has also used rubber modified binders containing both crumb rubber modifier and polymer modifier that could be manufactured at a refinery facility, a terminal blend wet process. Since the beginning of this century, Caltrans in...

  20. A multiscale model for predicting the viscoelastic properties of asphalt concrete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Cucalon, Lorena; Rahmani, Eisa; Little, Dallas N.; Allen, David H.

    2016-08-01

    It is well known that the accurate prediction of long term performance of asphalt concrete pavement requires modeling to account for viscoelasticity within the mastic. However, accounting for viscoelasticity can be costly when the material properties are measured at the scale of asphalt concrete. This is due to the fact that the material testing protocols must be performed recursively for each mixture considered for use in the final design.

  1. Effect Analysis of Vehicle System Parameters on Dynamic Response of Pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rong-xia Xia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to study the damage of a semirigid pavement under vehicle loads with varied parameters, the random dynamic loads applied on the pavement by a running vehicle were computed with two degrees of freedom, quarter-vehicle model, and then a three-dimensional finite element analysis model of semirigid asphalt pavement was established. With the peak stress index of each pavement layer, the effect of varied vehicle parameters on pavement response was studied. The results indicated that the stress wave frequency of each pavement layer was similar to that of the dynamic random load, and, with increased pavement depth, the wave effect decreased. The pavement response increased with increased suspension stiffness and tire stiffness and decreased with increased suspension damping and tire damping. Furthermore, compared to the stiffness, the response variation induced by the damping was orders of magnitude lower. Compared with the traditional time response analysis method, the peak response analysis of the pavement structure was more scientific, rational, and intuitive, which could be useful for the study of vehicle-pavement interaction and road damage.

  2. A review of the fundamentals of polymer-modified asphalts: Asphalt/polymer interactions and principles of compatibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polacco, Giovanni; Filippi, Sara; Merusi, Filippo; Stastna, George

    2015-10-01

    During the last decades, the number of vehicles per citizen as well as the traffic speed and load has dramatically increased. This sudden and somehow unplanned overloading has strongly shortened the life of pavements and increased its cost of maintenance and risks to users. In order to limit the deterioration of road networks, it is necessary to improve the quality and performance of pavements, which was achieved through the addition of a polymer to the bituminous binder. Since their introduction, polymer-modified asphalts have gained in importance during the second half of the twentieth century, and they now play a fundamental role in the field of road paving. With high-temperature and high-shear mixing with asphalt, the polymer incorporates asphalt molecules, thereby forming a swallowed network that involves the entire binder and results in a significant improvement of the viscoelastic properties in comparison with those of the unmodified binder. Such a process encounters the well-known difficulties related to the poor solubility of polymers, which limits the number of macromolecules able to not only form such a structure but also maintain it during high-temperature storage in static conditions, which may be necessary before laying the binder. Therefore, polymer-modified asphalts have been the subject of numerous studies aimed to understand and optimize their structure and storage stability, which gradually attracted polymer scientists into this field that was initially explored by civil engineers. The analytical techniques of polymer science have been applied to polymer-modified asphalts, which resulted in a good understanding of their internal structure. Nevertheless, the complexity and variability of asphalt composition rendered it nearly impossible to generalize the results and univocally predict the properties of a given polymer/asphalt pair. The aim of this paper is to review these aspects of polymer-modified asphalts. Together with a brief description of

  3. An Airport Pavement Traffic Simulation Based on CPN

    OpenAIRE

    Heng Hong-jun; Yang Jue

    2014-01-01

    According to the characteristics of airport pavement traffic, we discuss a method of building an airport pavement traffic model which is based on CPN theory and simulate a practical situation as well. The method overcomes the shortage of modelling with normal Petri Net theory, solves the difficult problems of airport pavement traffic such as complex traffic nets, frequent road changing, etc., refines the process of the model, and will be good for the model’s analysis and simulation.

  4. Investigations of the dynamics of road pavement reflectance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kang Jiang; Kai Yu; Yongchao Zhao

    2012-01-01

    Road pavement reflectance is usually assumed to be invariant in short periods of time in some quantitative remote sensing applications. To examine its variability,reflectance sequences of concrete and asphalt pavement are measured in field for half a day in visible and near-infarecd (VNIR) spectral range using dual-beam method.As much as 20.7% and 3.52% of relative changes are found in asphalt and concrete reflectance data at 550 nm,and all VNIR bands demonstrate similar variations found to correlate with both illumination geometry and the relative portion of diffuse irradiance.In this letter,this effect is interpreted from a mathematic view.Further studies are needed to model the dynamics of reflectance physically.

  5. Preparation of capsules containing rejuvenators for their use in asphalt concrete.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, Alvaro; Schlangen, Erik; van de Ven, Martin; Sierra-Beltrán, Guadalupe

    2010-12-15

    Every year, there is a demand of more than 110 million metric tons of asphalt all around the world. This represents a huge amount of money and energy, from which a good part is for the preservation and renovation of the existing pavements. The problem of asphalt is that it oxidizes with time and therefore its beneficial properties disappear. Traditionally, rejuvenators spread in the road surface, are used to restore the original properties of the pavement. The problem is that, for a rejuvenator to be successful, it must penetrate the pavement surface. Furthermore, application of a rejuvenator will reduce the skid resistance of the pavement and, besides, rejuvenators have many aromatic compounds that can be harmful for the environment. To solve these problems this paper introduces a new concept in road construction: encapsulated rejuvenators. The basic principle is that when the stress in capsules embedded in the asphalt reaches a certain threshold value, the capsules break and some rejuvenator is released, restoring the original properties of the pavement. This paper will show how to prepare such capsules and how to determine their characteristics. This is one of the first steps towards intelligent pavements. PMID:20855160

  6. A review of changes in composition of hot mix asphalt in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mundt, Diane J; Marano, Kristin M; Nunes, Anthony P; Adams, Robert C

    2009-11-01

    This review researched the materials, methods, and practices in the hot mix asphalt industry that might impact future exposure assessments and epidemiologic research on road paving workers. Since World War II, the U.S. interstate highway system, increased traffic volume, transportation speeds, and vehicle axle loads have necessitated an increase in demand for hot mix asphalt for road construction and maintenance, while requiring a consistent road paving product that meets state-specific physical performance specifications. We reviewed typical practices in hot mix asphalt paving in the United States to understand the extent to which materials are and have been added to hot mix asphalt to meet specifications and how changes in practices and technology could affect evaluation of worker exposures for future research. Historical documents were reviewed, and industry experts from 16 states were interviewed to obtain relevant information on industry practices. Participants from all states reported additive use, with most being less than 2% by weight. Crumb rubber and recycled asphalt pavement were added in concentrations approximately 10% per unit weight of the mix. The most frequently added materials included polymers and anti-stripping agents. Crumb rubber, sulfur, asbestos, roofing shingles, slag, or fly ash have been used in limited amounts for short periods of time or in limited geographic areas. No state reported using coal tar as an additive to hot mix asphalt or as a binder alternative in hot mix pavements for high-volume road construction. Coal tar may be present in recycled asphalt pavement from historical use, which would need to be considered in future exposure assessments of pavers. Changes in hot mix asphalt production and laydown emission control equipment have been universally implemented over time as the technology has become available to reduce potential worker exposures. This work is a companion review to a study undertaken in the petroleum refining

  7. Influence of mixture composition on the noise and frictional characteristics of flexible pavements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowalski, Karol J.

    Both traffic noise and wet pavement-tire friction are mainly affected by the tire/pavement interaction. Existing laboratory test methods allow for evaluation of polishing resistance of the aggregates only. Currently, there is no generally accepted standardized laboratory test method to address noise related issues and the overall frictional properties of pavements (including macrotexture). In this research, which included both laboratory and field components, friction and noise properties of the flexible (asphalt) pavements were investigated. As a part of this study, a laboratory device to polish asphalt specimens was developed and the procedure to evaluate mixture frictional properties was proposed. Following this procedure, forty-six different Superpave mixtures (each utilizing a different aggregate blends), one stone matrix asphalt (SMA) mixture and one porous friction course (PFC) mixture were tested. Six of the above mixes (four Superpave mixtures, SMA mixture and PFC mixture) were selected for laboratory noise testing. This testing was performed using a one-of-a-kind tester called the Tire/Pavement Test Apparatus (TPTA). In addition, the field sections constructed using Superpave, SMA and PFC mixtures were also periodically tested for friction and noise. Field measurements included testing of total of 23 different asphalt and two concrete pavements. The field friction testing was performed using both portable CTM and DFT devices and the (ASTM E 274) locked wheel friction trailer. The laboratory friction testing was performed using CTM and DFT devices only. The results of both field and laboratory friction measurements were used to develop an International Friction Index (IFI)-based frictional requirement for laboratory friction measurements. The results collected in the course of the study indicate that the IFI-based flag values could be successfully used in place of SN-based flag values to characterize frictional characteristics of pavements.

  8. Effectiveness of pavement-solar energy system – An experimental study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • We built a small-scale pilot project of pavement-solar energy utilization. • Design an automatic monitoring system to record the operating data. • The average heat absorptivity of pavement-solar energy is 37%. • The average thermal storage effectiveness of the system is 17%. - Abstract: A small-scale pilot project was built for the pavement-solar energy utilization in this paper. An automatic data acquisition system was designed to measure the effectiveness of the pavement solar energy system based on the operation data of 24 h a day in both summer and winter. Through 69 days (1656 h) of operation in summer, 2821 kW h of heat energy were stored in soil underground. In the transitional season, 4598 kW h of heat energy were taken out from soil during 104 days (2496 h) of operation in winter. The analysis showed that in summer, solar heat collection of asphalt pavement could effectively reduce 7 °C of its temperature. Under conditions of natural radiation, the average heat absorptivity of pavement was 37% and the average thermal storage effectiveness of the system was 17%. The electrical energy consumed by the system is only 11% of stored heat. During the winter, the asphalt pavement absorbs heat from underground soil which effectively increases its temperature, cutting 32% days of surface temperature below the freezing point. This not only save the energy for ice/snow removal but also mitigate associated safety risks

  9. Development of an asphalt aging procedure to assess long-term binder performance

    KAUST Repository

    Juristyarini, Pramitha

    2011-09-07

    Nine asphalts, including seven Strategic Highway Research Program asphalts and two Texas asphalts, were aged at several conditions of temperature and oxygen pressure to develop an aging test. Values for a dynamic shear rheometer function, a combination of both elastic and viscous properties that serves as an indicator of susceptibility to age-related pavement cracking, were measured for both aged and unaged samples. Each aging condition was ranked and calibrated against environmental room aging (60°C, 1 atm air), used to simulate road aging. PAV thin-film aging at 90°C, 20 atm air for 32 hr best represented environmental room aging. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

  10. New experimental methods to monitor and characterize asphalt rubber binders

    OpenAIRE

    Peralta, J.; Silva, Hugo Manuel Ribeiro Dias da; Pais, Jorge C.

    2010-01-01

    The need for continuous quality improvement of the road pavements, leads to the development of new binders, such as asphalt rubber (AR). AR is produced by the digestion of crumb rubber from used tires on bitumen. The resulting AR is a heterogeneous material with high viscosity. The study of this product during its production is essential due to the sudden and sharp increase in the volume of AR in this phase. Knowledge of the extent of this phenomenon has obvious implications in...

  11. Monitoring pavement response and performance using in-situ instrumentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, D.H.; Bilyeu, J.; Hugo, F.

    1999-07-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present the effectiveness of in-situ instrumentation on diagnosing the pavement layer conditions under full-scale accelerated traffic loading. The test section is an in-service pavement (US281) in Jacksboro, Texas. Multi-Depth Deflectometers (MDDs) are used to measure both permanent deformations and transient deflections, caused by accelerated traffic loading and Falling Weight Deflectometers (MDDs) are used to measure both permanent deformations and transient deflections, caused by accelerated traffic loading and Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) tests. Four different FWD loads of 25, 40, 52, and 67 kN were applied in close proximity to the MDDs at various traffic loading intervals to determine pavement conditions. It was found that the majority of rutting occurred in the newly recycled asphalt mix. The aged ({gt}40 years) underlying base and subgrade layers contributed less than 30% to overall rutting. Only the top recycled Asphalt layer underwent notable deterioration due to traffic loading. Up to 1.5 million axle repetitions, the test pad responded to FWD load almost linearly, not only over the whole pavement system but also within individual layers. However, under higher FWD loads, the percentage of total deflection contributed by the subgrade increased.

  12. Evaluation system for CO2 emission of hot asphalt mixture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Peng

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The highway construction industry plays an important role in economic and development, but is also a primary source of carbon emission. Accordingly, with the global climate change, energy conservation and reduction of carbon emissions have become critical issues in the highway construction industry. However, to date, a model for the highway construction industry has not been established. Hence, to implement a low-carbon construction model for highways, this study divided asphalt pavement construction into aggregate stacking, aggregate supply, and other stages, and compiled a list of energy consumption investigation. An appropriate calculation model of CO2 emission was then built. Based on the carbon emission calculation model, the proportion of carbon emissions in each stage was analyzed. The analytic hierarchy process was used to establish the system of asphalt pavement construction with a judgment matrix, thereby enabling calculation of the weight coefficient of each link. In addition, the stages of aggregate heating, asphalt heating, and asphalt mixture mixing were defined as key stages of asphalt pavement construction. Carbon emissions at these stages accounted for approximately 90% of the total carbon emissions. Carbon emissions at each stage and their impact on the environment were quantified and compared. The energy saving construction schemes as well as the environmental and socioeconomic benefits were then proposed. Through these schemes, significant reductions in carbon emissions and costs can be achieved. The results indicate that carbon emissions reduce by 32.30% and 35.93%, whereas costs reduce by 18.58% and 6.03%. The proposed energy-saving and emission reduction scheme can provide a theoretical basis and technical support for the development of low-carbon highway construction.

  13. Caltrans use of scrap tires in asphalt rubber products: a comprehensive review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiping Zhou

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans has been using scrap tire rubber in asphalt pavements since the 1970s in chip seals and the 1980s in rubberized hot mix asphalt(RHMA. Both the wet (field blend and dry processes were used in early trials. Caltrans has also used rubber modified binders containing both crumb rubber modifier and polymer modifier that could be manufactured at a refinery facility, a terminal blend wet process. Since the beginning of this century, Caltrans increased the use of scrap tire rubber in paving projects and invested considerable resources in developing technically sound, cost effective, and environmentally friendly strategies for using scrap tire rubber in roadway applications. By the end of year 2010, approximately 31%of all hot mix asphalt (HMA placed by Caltrans was rubberized HMA, roughly 1.2 million tons. Caltrans efforts in using asphalt rubber products were also demonstrated in its research and technology development. These included the construction of two full-scale field experiments, five warranty projects, and an accelerated pavement study using a heavy vehicle simulator. Additionally, terminal blend asphalt rubber and rubberized warm mix asphalts began to be experimented on trial basis. This paper provides a comprehensive review of Caltrans experience over four decades with asphalt rubber products. Current practices and future outlook are also discussed.

  14. The Potential of Heat Collection from Solar Radiation in Asphalt Solar Collectors in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beddu, Salmia; Talib, Siti Hidayah Abdul; Itam, Zarina

    2016-03-01

    The implementation of asphalt solar collectors as a means of an energy source is being widely studied in recent years. Asphalt pavements are exposed to daily solar radiation, and are capable of reaching up to 70°C in temperature. The potential of harvesting energy from solar pavements as an alternative energy source in replace of non-renewable energy sources prone to depletion such as fuel is promising. In Malaysia, the sun intensity is quite high and for this reason, absorbing the heat from sun radiation, and then utilizing it in many other applications such as generating electricity could definitely be impressive. Previous researches on the different methods of studying the effect of heat absorption caused by solar radiation prove to be quite old and inaffective. More recent findings, on the otherhand, prove to be more informative. This paper focuses on determining the potential of heat collection from solar radiation in asphalt solar collectors using steel piping. The asphalt solar collector model constructed for this research was prepared in the civil engineering laboratory. The hot mixed asphalt (HMA) contains 10% bitumen mixed with 90% aggregates of the total size of asphalt. Three stainless steel pipes were embedded into the interior region of the model according to the design criteria, and then put to test. Results show that harvesting energy from asphalt solar collectors proves highly potential in Malaysia due its the hot climate.

  15. Application of cement cold in-place recycling technology in asphalt pavement engineering%水泥就地冷再生技术在沥青路面工程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪亚波; 刘森

    2012-01-01

    结合245省道东海段路面大修工程实例,研究了水泥就地冷再生底基层的施工应用,就水泥就地冷再生底基层施工的配合比试验、施工前的准备工作进行了详细阐述,并在此基础上对其施工工艺及质量控制要点进行了深入的探讨和总结,结果表明,水泥就地冷再生底基层按照要求施工工程质量是有保证的,在旧路大修或改建中有着广泛的应用前景。%Combined with the project example of pavement repair in provincial road 245 of Donghai,research on the cement cold in-place recycling subbase construction application.This article details elaborates the mix proportion experiment of cement cold in-place recycling subbase and the preparation before the construction,and on the basis of its construction process and quality control of in-depth discussion and summary.The results show that the cement cold in-place recycling subbase in accordance with the requirements of the construction project quality is guaranteed.In the old road repairs or alterations have a wide future of applications.

  16. Application of viscoelastic continuum damage approach to predict fatigue performance of Binzhou perpetual pavements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Cao

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available For this study, the Binzhou perpetual pavement test sections constructed in Shandong Province, China, were simulated for long-term fatigue performance using the layered viscoelastic pavement analysis for critical distresses (LVECD finite element software package. In this framework, asphalt concrete was treated in the context of linear viscoelastic continuum damage theory. A recently developed unified fatigue failure criterion that defined the boundaries of the applicable region of the theory was also incorporated. The mechanistic modeling of the fatigue mechanisms was able to accommodate the complex temperature variations and loading conditions of the field pavements in a rigorous manner. All of the material models were conveniently characterized by dynamic modulus tests and direct tension cyclic fatigue tests in the laboratory using cylindrical specimens. By comparing the obtained damage characteristic curves and failure criteria, it is found that mixtures with small aggregate particle sizes, a dense gradation, and modified asphalt binder tended to exhibit the best fatigue resistance at the material level. The 15-year finite element structural simulation results for all the test sections indicate that fatigue performance has a strong dependence on the thickness of the asphalt pavements. Based on the predicted location and severity of the fatigue damage, it is recommended that Sections 1 and 3 of the Binzhou test sections be employed for perpetual pavement design.

  17. Thermal stresses of flexible pavement with consideration of temperature-dependent material characteristics using stiffness matrix method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, Litao; Ren, Ruibo; Zhong, Yang; Xu, Qian

    2011-02-01

    The asphalt pavement is regarded as a multilayered elastic half space axisymmetrical body. By introducing the relationship between material characteristics and temperature into the fundamental equations of thermoelasticity and using mathematic methods of Laplace and Hankel integral transformation, the stiffness matrix for a layer is derived firstly. Then the global stiffness matrix is established for multilayered elastic half space using the finite element concepts in which layers are completely contacted. Therefore, explicit solution for thermal stresses of the asphalt pavement is obtained from the solution of the algebra equation formed by global stiffness matrix and the inverse Hankel and Laplace integral transformation. Because the elements of matrix do not include positive exponential function, the calculation is not overflowed and the shortages of transfer matrix method are overcome. This approach serves as a better model for real pavement structure as it takes into account the relationships between the material characteristics and temperature in the pavement system.

  18. Mechanistic and Economical Characteristics of Asphalt Rubber Mixtures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mena I. Souliman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Load associated fatigue cracking is one of the major distress types occurring in flexible pavement systems. Flexural bending beam fatigue laboratory test has been used for several decades and is considered to be an integral part of the new superpave advanced characterization procedure. One of the most significant solutions to prolong the fatigue life for an asphaltic mixture is to utilize flexible materials as rubber. A laboratory testing program was performed on a conventional and Asphalt Rubber- (AR- gap-graded mixtures to investigate the impact of added rubber on the mechanical, mechanistic, and economical attributes of asphaltic mixtures. Strain controlled fatigue tests were conducted according to American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO procedures. The results from the beam fatigue tests indicated that the AR-gap-graded mixtures would have much longer fatigue life compared with the reference (conventional mixtures. In addition, a mechanistic analysis using 3D-Move software coupled with a cost analysis study based on the fatigue performance on the two mixtures was performed. Overall, analysis showed that AR modified asphalt mixtures exhibited significantly lower cost of pavement per 1000 cycles of fatigue life per mile compared to conventional HMA mixture.

  19. Deformation Parameters and Fatigue of the Recycled Asphalt Mixtures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šrámek Juraj

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The deformational properties of asphalt mixtures measured by dynamic methods and fatigue allow a design the road to suit the expected traffic load. Quality of mixtures is also expressed by the resistance to permanent deformation. Complex modulus of stiffness and fatigue can reliably characterize the proposed mixture of asphalt pavement. The complex modulus (E* measurement of asphalt mixtures are carried out in laboratory of Department of Construction Management at University of Žilina by two-point bending test method on trapezoid-shaped samples. Today, the fatigue is verified on trapezoid-shaped samples and is assessed by proportional strain at 1 million cycles (ε6. The test equipment and software is used to evaluate fatigue and deformation characteristics.

  20. Deformation Parameters and Fatigue of the Recycled Asphalt Mixtures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šrámek, Juraj

    2015-12-01

    The deformational properties of asphalt mixtures measured by dynamic methods and fatigue allow a design the road to suit the expected traffic load. Quality of mixtures is also expressed by the resistance to permanent deformation. Complex modulus of stiffness and fatigue can reliably characterize the proposed mixture of asphalt pavement. The complex modulus (E*) measurement of asphalt mixtures are carried out in laboratory of Department of Construction Management at University of Žilina by two-point bending test method on trapezoid-shaped samples. Today, the fatigue is verified on trapezoid-shaped samples and is assessed by proportional strain at 1 million cycles (ɛ6). The test equipment and software is used to evaluate fatigue and deformation characteristics.