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Sample records for build npp projects

  1. Advanced construction technologies and further evolution towards new build NPP projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    , were supplied and constructed by one prime contractor, HGNE. Also, HGNE took responsibility for the entire plant engineering from the basic design to commissioning. Shika-2 construction started with the foundation excavation of the main building in September 1999, and 58 months from rock inspection, the plant started its commercial operation in March 2006. Now in Japan, another ABWR plant, Shimane-3, is steadily being constructed by HGNE in 'On-Budget' and 'On-schedule' manner, where HGNE is taking main role as same as in Shika-2 and more advanced design and construction methodologies are being applied. The world nuclear market are currently facing the 'Nuclear Renaissance'. Many NPPs are planned to be constructed in the world. We all know that the good planning and management of their 'Construction' is crucial to project costs, namely, nuclear economy. HGNE believes that the application of advanced design and construction technologies described in this paper will surely bring good results in future NPP projects all over the world. (author)

  2. Advanced Construction Technologies and Further Evolution Towards New Build NPP Projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shika Nuclear Power Station Unit No.2 began commercial operation in March 2006 as one of the latest new-build projects in the world. Hitachi-GE Nuclear Energy Ltd. (Hitachi) was the main contractor and supplied the entire plant including engineering, manufacturing of all major reactor and turbine-generator components, and executed the installation and commissioning. Hitachi completed the project on schedule and on budget owing in large part to its highly reliable advanced construction technology.This article describes Hitachi's unsurpassed advanced construction technology being applied to the current new-build projects in Japan. (author)

  3. The latest application of Hitachi's state-of-the-art construction technology and further evolution towards new build NPP projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shika Nuclear Power Station Unit No.2 began commercial operation in March 2006 as one of the latest new-build projects in the world. Hitachi-GE Nuclear Energy Ltd. (Hitachi) was the main contractor and supplied the entire plant including engineering, manufacturing of all major reactor and turbine-generator components, and executed the installation and commissioning. Hitachi completed the project on schedule and on budget owing in large part to its highly reliable advanced construction technology. This article describes Hitachi's unsurpassed advanced construction technology being applied to the current new-build projects in Japan. Furthermore, this article addresses a possible form of applications to new build nuclear power plants in North America. (author)

  4. Ignalina NPP pre-decommissioning projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Description of the main projects for the preparation to the decommissioning of unit 1 of Ignalina NPP is presented. These projects are to be financed by international donors as one of the conditions to shutdown unit before the year 2005. These projects were presented during Donors conference held in 21-22 June 2000 in Vilnius. The conference was organized jointly by Lithuanian Government and European Commission. Projects are devoted to the construction of radioactive waste management facilities and improvement of existing waste management practices at Ignalina NPP as well for the general management of decommissioning process preparation of necessary documentation

  5. Slovakia: Mochovce NPP. Project control. Annex 10

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annex deals with project control. Mochovce NPP suffered considerable delay primarily due to lack of money. This situation was corrected and construction resumed in 1996. Throughout the 'dormant' period the plant received considerable support from the major contractors, who maintained skeleton staff at site. Significant safety and managerial improvements are being introduced and a strategic plan for the plant has been developed. (author)

  6. LTO License Application Project NPP Borssele

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Borssele NPP plans to extend its operating life with 20 years until 2034. Borssele has started the project LTO 'bewijsvoering' (LTO 'Justification') in order to meet the requirements of the Dutch regulator. The outline of the project is based on IAEA safety guide 57 'Safe Long Term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants'. This paper describes the contents and coherence of the different parts in the project and how these respond to the IAEA guidelines on LTO. The goal of the project LTO 'bewijsvoering' is to ensure that safety and safety relevant systems, structures and components continue to perform their intended functions during long term operation. The outcome of the project LTO 'bewijsvoering' will be used for a license change application and this will be submitted to the Dutch regulator KFD for approval of prolonged operation of Borssele NPP after 2013. (author)

  7. Baltic NPP Project specifics and current status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Project overview: 2 x 1194 MW Units (AES-2006 series); Location in Kaliningrad region of the; Russian Federation; Operation dates: Unit 1 – Oct 2016; Unit 2 – Apr 2018; Site preparatory works ongoing. This is first NPP project in the Russian Federation providing opportunity for participation of foreign investors. Foreign investors may acquire up to 49% share. Cross-border transmission lines developed under separate project with participation of foreign investors. Conclusion: At the selected set of assumptions, the project is financially feasible in all scenarios

  8. Financial and organizational models of NPP construction projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The recent evolution of financial and organizational models of NPP projects can be truly reputed to open a new page of the world market of NPP construction. The definition of the concrete model is based mostly on specific cooperation backgrounds and current terms and conditions under which the particular NPP project is being evolved. In this article the most commonly known strategies and schemes of financing structuring for export NPP construction projects are scrutinized. Special attention is paid to the analysis of BOO/BOT models which are based on the public-private partnership. Most BOO/BOT projects in the power sector has Power Purchase Agreements (PPA) as an integral part of them. The PPA key principles are studied here as well. The flexibility and adaptability of the public-private partnership models for financing and organization of the NPP projects contributes substantially to the competitiveness of the NPP projects especially under current economic conditions. (orig.)

  9. Akkuyu NPP – the first Turkish NPP. The new history of the project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An overview is given to the Turkish energy sector and nuclear power plans. The project for the construction of the first NPP in Turkey is presented. The general parameters of the Project are: CAPEX: $ 20 bln; Project design: NPP-2006; (VVER- 1200); Number of units: 4; Total capacity: 4 800 MW; Construction period: 2014 – 2023; PPA period; 15 years, fixed price terms. An account of the activities during 2011, the Worley Parsons participation are presented and a tentative project schedule is given

  10. Lessons learnt from Ignalina NPP decommissioning project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP) is located in Lithuania, 130 km north of Vilnius, and consists of two 1500 MWe RBMK type units, commissioned respectively in December 1983 and August 1987. On the 1. of May 2004, the Republic of Lithuania became a member of the European Union. With the protocol on the Ignalina Nuclear Power in Lithuania which is annexed to the Accession Treaty, the Contracting Parties have agreed: - On Lithuanian side, to commit closure of unit 1 of INPP before 2005 and of Unit 2 by 31 December 2009; - On European Union side, to provide adequate additional Community assistance to the efforts of Lithuania to decommission INPP. The paper is divided in two parts. The first part describes how, starting from this agreement, the project was launched and organized, what is its present status and which activities are planned to reach the final ambitious objective of a green field. To give a global picture, the content of the different projects that were defined and the licensing process will also be presented. In the second part, the paper will focus on the lessons learnt. It will explain the difficulties encountered to define the decommissioning strategy, considering both immediate or differed dismantling options and why the first option was finally selected. The paper will mention other challenges and problems that the different actors of the project faced and how they were managed and solved. The paper will be written by representatives of the Ignalina NPP and of the Project Management Unit. (author)

  11. The development of stochastic process modeling through risk analysis derived from scheduling of NPP project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are so many different factors to consider when constructing a nuclear power plant successfully from planning to decommissioning. According to PMBOK, all projects have nine domains from a holistic project management perspective. They are equally important to all projects, however, this study focuses mostly on the processes required to manage timely completion of the project and conduct risk management. The overall objective of this study is to let you know what the risk analysis derived from scheduling of NPP project is, and understand how to implement the stochastic process modeling through risk management. Building the Nuclear Power Plant is required a great deal of time and fundamental knowledge related to all engineering. That means that integrated project scheduling management with so many activities is necessary and very important. Simulation techniques for scheduling of NPP project using Open Plan program, Crystal Ball program, and Minitab program can be useful tools for designing optimal schedule planning. Thus far, Open Plan and Monte Carlo programs have been used to calculate the critical path for scheduling network analysis. And also, Minitab program has been applied to monitor the scheduling risk. This approach to stochastic modeling through risk analysis of project activities is very useful for optimizing the schedules of activities using Critical Path Method and managing the scheduling control of NPP project. This study has shown new approach to optimal scheduling of NPP project, however, this does not consider the characteristic of activities according to the NPP site conditions. Hence, this study needs more research considering those factors

  12. EPC projects for EPR Flamanville 3 NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    IBERDROLA Ingenieria y Construccion is carrying out a handful of activities in the EPR Flamanville 3 -FA3 NPP- context since 2007 matching oriented to position the company in the emerging marketplace of new nuclear power plants Generation III+, whose expectation for the next years is highly promising. IBERDROLA Ingenieria y Construccion leads 5 EPC -Engineering, Procurement and Commissioning- projects for FA3 NPP from the Nuclear Island till Sea Water Pumping Station as follows: - Design, procurement. fabrication, installation and testing of 21 shell and tubes heat-exchangers for the nuclear island. 12 out of these 17 HXs are conventional and will be designed according to ASME BPV code Section VIII and have to comply with PED 97/23/CE and ESPN. The remaining 5 HXs are nuclear and will be designed according to ASME BPV code Section III and have also to comply with PED and ESPN. - Design, procurement, fabrication and assembly of 9 demineralizers for different plant systems. Three of these Important To Safety (IPS) equipments have been manufactured according with ASME VIII codes and six of them with EN 13445 code plus additional requirements to comply with PED and final client requirements for nuclear island. - Design, fabrication and installation of qualified travelling water screening filters. The equipments furnished will be two nuclear safety qualified filters and associated equipment (cleaning water system and control system). Additionally some auxiliary devices such as grids, automatic trash rakes and stop gates are included in the contract. - Engineering, procurement, fabrication, erection and commissioning for the condensate treatment plant. This system includes a demineralizer tank, 5 filters, reactive injection mixer, pneumatic and manual valves, piping and instrumentation and control systems. - Engineering, procurement erection and commissioning for the electro-chlorination plant to protect the IPS piping for Condensate Water System for FA3. This system

  13. EPC projects for EPR Flamanville 3 NPP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diaz, J.I.; Polo, J.; Aymerich, E.; Cubian, B. [Nuclear Generation Department, Iberdrola Ingenieria y Construccion, Avda. Manoteras 20, 28050 Madrid (Spain)

    2010-07-01

    IBERDROLA Ingenieria y Construccion is carrying out a handful of activities in the EPR Flamanville 3 -FA3 NPP- context since 2007 matching oriented to position the company in the emerging marketplace of new nuclear power plants Generation III+, whose expectation for the next years is highly promising. IBERDROLA Ingenieria y Construccion leads 5 EPC -Engineering, Procurement and Commissioning- projects for FA3 NPP from the Nuclear Island till Sea Water Pumping Station as follows: - Design, procurement. fabrication, installation and testing of 21 shell and tubes heat-exchangers for the nuclear island. 12 out of these 17 HXs are conventional and will be designed according to ASME BPV code Section VIII and have to comply with PED 97/23/CE and ESPN. The remaining 5 HXs are nuclear and will be designed according to ASME BPV code Section III and have also to comply with PED and ESPN. - Design, procurement, fabrication and assembly of 9 demineralizers for different plant systems. Three of these Important To Safety (IPS) equipments have been manufactured according with ASME VIII codes and six of them with EN 13445 code plus additional requirements to comply with PED and final client requirements for nuclear island. - Design, fabrication and installation of qualified travelling water screening filters. The equipments furnished will be two nuclear safety qualified filters and associated equipment (cleaning water system and control system). Additionally some auxiliary devices such as grids, automatic trash rakes and stop gates are included in the contract. - Engineering, procurement, fabrication, erection and commissioning for the condensate treatment plant. This system includes a demineralizer tank, 5 filters, reactive injection mixer, pneumatic and manual valves, piping and instrumentation and control systems. - Engineering, procurement erection and commissioning for the electro-chlorination plant to protect the IPS piping for Condensate Water System for FA3. This system

  14. Seismic safety of building structures of NPP Kozloduy III

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the proposed paper is presented a general summary of the analyses carried out to evaluate the dynamic behavior and to assess the seismic safety of some safety related building structures of NPP Kozloduy. The design seismic loads for the site of Kozloduy NPP has been reevaluated and increased during and after the construction of investigated Units 5 and 6. Deterministic and probabilistic approaches are applied to assess the seismic vulnerability of the investigated structures, taking into account the newly defined seismic excitations. The presented results show sufficient seismic safety for the studied critical structures and good efficiency of the seismic upgrading. The applicability of the investigated structures at sites with some higher seismic activities is discussed. The presented study is dealing mainly with the civil structures of the Reactor building, Turbine hall, Diesel Generator Station and Water Intake Structure. (authors)

  15. Reactor building seismic analysis of a PWR type - NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Earthquake engineering studies raised up in Brazil during design licensing and construction phases of Almirante Alvaro Alberto NPP, units 1 and 2. State of art of soil - structure interaction analysis with particular reference to the impedance function calculation analysis with particular reference to the impedance function calculation of a group of pile is presented in this M.Sc. Dissertation, as an example the reactor building dynamic response of a 1325 MWe NPP PWR type is calculated. The reactor building is supported by a pile foundation with 2002 end bearing piles. Upper and lower bound soil parameters are considered in order to observe their influence on dynamic response of structure. Dynamic response distribution on pile heads show pile-soil-pile interaction effects. (author)

  16. Barsebaeck NPP in Sweden - Decommissioning Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barsebaeck 1 and 2, type BWR (Boiling Water Reactor) with a capacity of 615 MWe was closed down permanently on 30 November 1999 respective 31 May 2005 due to political decision. Both units together have been in Service operation (Care and maintenance) since 1 December 2006. Barsebaeck NPP will stay in Service operation until beginning of 2018 when Dismantling operation begins with the aim of a free-realized site in the beginning of 2025. That means that the remaining buildings, including equipment should be declared free-released or dismantled. It would then be up to the owner, E.ON Kaernkraft Sverige AB (EKS) to decide what is to be done with the site in the future. There was a re-organisation at Barsebaeck Kraft AB (BKAB) in 1 January 2007 and the company is organised in the following areas of function: site service operation, decommissioning planning, new business and BO replacement. The Organisation at BKAB has gone down from 450 during operation of Barsebaeck 1 and 2 to 50 employees (2009-01-01) involved in Service operation of both units. But still there are in total 250 persons placed at Barsebaeck NPP with different kinds of job assignments. A lot of activities have been carried out since 2000 and up to now for example: - All nuclear fuel has been transported away to interim storage at CLAB in Oskarshamn. - BKAB have built up contact nets and competence by taking part in different kinds of national and international organisations (SKB, IAEA, OECD/NEA TAG, WNA, ENISS, WANO, EPRI etc) commissions. - The Electrical and operational systems have been rebuilt for the actual demands and requirements for the Service operation. - The central control room is unattended since 17 December 2007 and the supervision of the Service operation is handled by a system of VDI (duty engineers) and LOP (alarm operators). - Full system decontamination on unit 1 and 2. Barsebaeck's approach today and for the future dismantling are: - Safer; - Faster; - Cost effective. BKAB

  17. Managing RTP Console Upgrading Project: Best Practice for Nuclear Malaysia as TSO in Supporting NPP Development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Human Resource Development (HRD) is required for Nuclear Power Programme (NPP). To be a Technical Support Organisation (TSO) for NPP, Nuclear Malaysia should be ready to take the responsibility in supporting Nuclear Regulatory Agency (NRA) and NPP Operators. In nurturing Nuclear Malaysia as TSO, the prime important and focus of HRD for the NPP is the reactor engineering technology. Nuclear Malaysia gives various phases of supports needed to build NPP such as during siting, design, planning, licensing, construction, commissioning, operation and maintenance in its own way and capability. The current Nuclear Malaysia unique approach is the TRIGA PUSPATI reactor (RTP) upgrading project. Research reactor plays an important role in Research and Developpement organization as a nuclear facility to assist the development of NPP. Therefore, upgrading the research reactor is needed to build the skills and gain knowledge of workers to work safely. After 29 years of operation, the RTP system is facing aging problems due to many components in the reactor are outdated. Therefore, immediate action should be carried out to mitigate the aging factor of the reactor to prevent the worsening of the aging problem, and to prevent untoward incident from happening. Action should also cover short and long term planning to prevent current situation from recurring. Currently, RTP is upgrading its console from analog to digital system. One of the achievements in this console upgrading project is the development and implementation of project management. This paper comprises the overview on the RTP console upgrading project, the project management and how this project can lead Nuclear Malaysia to be a good TSO for the development of NPP. (author)

  18. Mochovce NPP unit 1 and 2 completion project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    History of Mochovce NPP is quite long and reflects political changes that happened in Europe in the end of 80'ties. The plant site was chosen in south-west of Slovakia in the frame of Nuclear Industry Development Plan adopted by former Czechoslovak government in 70'ties. In that time was decided to build in Mochovce four VVER 440/213 units together with other NPP's (Dukovany, Temelin, Kecerovce)

  19. Project No. 10 - Partial restoration of Ignalina NPP territory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At present Ignalina NPP territory makes a total of 2544 ha of land. Due to termination of construction activity development and due to the decision taken to shutdown unit 1 the need in such a territory fell off. For normal and safe operation of Ignalina NPP 1440 ha is enough, including 1237 ha for of Ignalina NPP administrative area and 203 ha for auxiliary objects. Ignalina NPP will have to rearrange territory, forestry that was damaged during the construction activities of the plant and to restore the damaged farmlands and to pass the rearranged forestry that belonged to the Ignalina NPP to the Ministry of Forestry. The total estimated cost of the project is about 1.042 M EURO

  20. Visaginas NPP Project Regional Approach: Lithuania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lithuania has a long standing nuclear energy history. The country is the host of the Ignalina NPP consisting of two RBMK-1500 reactors (a type of boiling water reactor developed by the Soviet Union) located in Visaginas, Lithuania. Ignalina NPP (INPP) Unit 1 came online in December 1983 and Unit 2 was completed in 1987. Lithuania agreed to close the Ignalina NPP as part of its Accession Treaty to the European Union of 2003, as the Ignalina NPP design shares similarities with the Chernobyl NPP. Unit 1 was closed in December 2004 and Unit 2 was closed on 31 December 2009. Around 80% of electricity production in Lithuania in 2009 came from Unit 2 of the INPP. However, following the closure of the Ignalina NPP, Lithuanian electricity net import was 62% of the entire electricity demand in 2010 and 59%32 in 2011. To meet its energy needs following the INPP’s closure, in the absence of a new nuclear power plant, Lithuania relies on a combination of imported electricity, predominantly from interconnections with the UPS/IPS network, and power from alternative domestic generation facilities, which are predominantly fossil plants reliant on gas or oil imports from other countries

  1. Prioritization of Delay Factors for NPP Construction Risk in International Project by Using AHP Methodology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hossen, Muhammed Mufazzal; Kang, Sunkoo; Kim, Jonghyun [KEPCO International Nuclear Graduate School, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    It is crucial for the nuclear power plant project decision makers and management personnel to identify the actual factors of construction delay and their ranking in order to take preventive actions. NPP project is complex in nature and the construction phase is one of the most key phase which is subject to many factors result from many sources. From experience, nuclear projects have faced challenges similar to other complex mega projects with additional nuclear specific issues and life time cost of nuclear reactor is concentrated upfront as capital cost, and therefore delays in construction may become intolerable in terms of both lost revenues and interest on the capital. Budget over-runs and delays on next generation new build nuclear projects in recent years clearly demonstrate that the nuclear industry continues to repeat its failed management and project control processes of the past. Similar to major infra-structure projects, actual completion times can vary substantially from initial estimates but this uncertainty is too crucial to the nuclear industry due to high levels of capital at risk, for every year a project is delayed the levelized cost of electricity increases by approximately 8-10%. causes of delay, to develop a generalized AHP model for delay factors, and to prioritize the risk in different factors in various levels of construction phase in international turnkey NPP project. This paper describes and prioritizes Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) construction schedule delay factor for turnkey international project. This study also determines the different party's importance in percentage behind the construction schedule delay of NPP which constitutes main contractor (28.4%), regulatory authority (27.3%), financial and country factor (23.5%), and utility (20.8%). Decision makers of nuclear industry can understand the significance of different factors on NPP construction phase and they can apply risk informed decision making to avoid unexpected

  2. Dynamical study of the main building of the Paks NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Explosion tests were carried out for determining the dynamical characteristics of the main building of the Paks NPP. The objectives of this work were on one hand the verification of the computations performed and, on the other hand we attempted measuring the damping value and evaluating the soil-structure interaction. The first series of explosions consisted of short-distance blows using 5- 40 kg of explosive, the second and third series were performed at longer distances with 50 - 500 kg loads. Explosions were performed by the Hungarian State geophysical Institute

  3. Review experience on overturning prevention of NPP buildings in Switzerland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buildings with high ratios of the building height to the width of their foundations show a great potential for overturning. This problem occurs under large horizontal actions like Safe Shutdown Earthquake (SSE) or Aircraft Impact (AI). There are different concepts to prevent overturning under these actions. During the design process one concept has to be chosen and investigated. Therefore, calculations need to be done, which can be static or dynamic and linear or non-linear. In most concepts the resistance and the activation potential of the foundation soil are important for the overturning stability. Therefore, the definition of nominal values and design values of the soil has to be done carefully. In most of the cases field testing is required due to non-existing data of the soil. Namely the transmission of tensile forces to the underlying soil or rock has to be supported by experimental verification of the system's behaviour. This paper shows in the first place different possibilities of overturning prevention, which were used at NPP buildings in Switzerland. In the second place a case study of a recently investigated NPP site is presented. Thereby, the potentials and the limitations of static and linear dynamic analysis are discussed and special experiences with non-linear dynamic analysis for earthquake and aircraft scenarios are presented. (authors)

  4. Analysis of seismic isolation problems of NPP buildings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conventional seismic design of earthquake-resistant structures is based on the philosophy conditions that the structural safety must be assured in extreme earthquake and the possible damage, if any, should be minimized or avoided in moderate earthquake ones. In the recent years the technique of seismic isolation appeared suitable to provide protection of buildings against seismic loadings introducing isolation devices (i.e. isolators) between the building itself and the foundation that may be adequate to shift the structures fundamental frequency outside the seismic characteristic range. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the influence of high damping rubber bearings, like the lead rubber ones, in the propagation of dynamic loading along NPP buildings. To this purpose a numerical approach was applied setting up suitable finite element models of the possible Generation III+ or IV NPPs. The influence of the isolator characteristics on the response of structures is analysed considering the variation of important parameters like the superstructure flexibility, isolation time period, etc. Several seismic analyses were therefore performed assuming as input different real earthquake ground motions as available in literature and in the relevant rules. The obtained results were herein presented and discussed in order to highlight the isolation technique effectiveness. (authors)

  5. Radiological characterisation on V1 NPP technological systems and buildings - Contamination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 2001, the preparation of V1 NPP practical decommissioning has been supported and partly financed by the Bohunice International Decommissioning Support Fund, under the administration of the European bank for Reconstruction and development. AMEC Nuclear Slovakia, together with partners STM Power and EWN GmbH, performed BIDSF B.4 project - Decommissioning database development. The main purpose of the B6.4 project was to develop a comprehensive physical and radiological inventory database to support RAW management development of the decommissioning studies and decommissioning project of Bohunice V1 NPP. AMEC Nuclear Slovakia was responsible mainly for DDB design, planning documents and physical and radiological characterization including sampling and analyses of the plant controlled area. The objective of V1 NPP radiological characterization was summarisation of sampling and analyses results, description of methodology used for radiological characterization and determination of the V1 NPP radiological inventory. Results of the characterization survey included the identification and distribution of contamination in buildings, structures, and other site facilities or other impacted media. The characterization survey clearly identified those portions of the site that have been affected by site activities and are contaminated. The survey also identified the portions of the site that have not been affected by these activities and can be marked as 'not impacted'. Radiological data have been presented also on the basis of index RAI level, where 5 radiological classes have been defined. On the basis of sampling and analyses results following radiological parameters have been assigned to all impacted components and civil structures included in DDB: dose rate in contact, dose rate in distance 1 m, external surface contamination, internal surface contamination and volume/mass contamination. Each room in controlled area has been described by following radiological parameters

  6. Financing nuclear projects. Case study: Unit 2 Cernavoda NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The implementation of a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in a country is a major undertaking for all entities involved, due to the necessity of planning work and co-ordination of the implementation process of the different fields of interest, starting with the governmental authorities and ending with the people. Having in view the specific investment cost (relatively high) for a NPP, to find an adequate financing structure is possible through an iterative process that involves first an assessment of the technical performances of the project and second, the mathematical modelling of the financing structure effects on the project. In this respect, the paper proposed will be focused on the main steps needed in order to promote an investment project in nuclear field, starting with the decision phase, providing the documentations requested by the local and international authorities to promote the project and ending with the negotiation of the contracts (commercial contract, financing contract, power purchase contract, etc.) The case study will be focused on the phases achieved in order to promote the Unit 2 Cernavoda NPP completion works project. (author)

  7. A comparison of the Kozloduy NPP and Temelin NPP I and C projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Because Kozloduy NPP and Temelin NPP are both VVER 1000 plants of roughly the same vintage, they are very similar in design. However, from the viewpoint of their I and C modernization projects, there are significant differences between these plants. Some of these differences stem from the evolution of I and C technology over the relatively short period between the two projects. Other differences arise from the fact that the Kozloduy project is a phased upgrade of the I and C systems in an operating plant while the Temelin project was a 'one time' installation of the entire plant I and C system. This paper discusses these differences as well as trends in the nuclear I and C field that will shape the industry in the future. In addition to technology evolution, the comparative advantages or problems in phased upgrade versus 'one time' installations are discussed. Conclusions drawn provide insight for the planning of future I and C upgrades in VVERs and other types of nuclear power plants. (author)

  8. Development of PSA projects for Mochovce NPP Unit 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the Mochovce NPP safety measurements project realisation, a list of totally 87 safety measures grouped according their purposes to reach recent international requirements on nuclear safety and reliability was elaborated. In this paper an overview of the Mochovce NPP safety measures is given and it is stressed on the measures related to the PSA (AA-08 - Shutdown and Low Power PSA (SPSA) and AA-10 - Full Power PSA Level 1). The scope of PSA level 1 and SPSA projects developed for Unit 1 are described and the main results are discussed. The Core Damage Frequency (CDF) calculation, contribution of the IEs to the shutdown CDF (total CDF=3.83E-06/year) and to the full power CDF (total CDF=1.66E-04/year) are shown. The developed PSA models can be adopted in the future for the following purposes: living PSA; real time risk monitoring; technical specifications and STIs optimization; level 2 PSA

  9. The EC TACIS project 'Social impact of closing Chornobyl NPP' objectives, tasks and intended outcomes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Being part of the common activities of Slavutich and ChNPP, our EC TACIS project representatives already actively participated in the elaboration of the state programme aimed to ensure the social security of the ChNPP personnel and the population of Slavutich in the result of the final shut down of ChNPP

  10. MORE: Management of Requirements in NPP Modernisation Projects, final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report documents the work and related activities of the MORE (Management of Requirements in NPP Modernisation Projects) (NKS-R project number NKS-R-2005-47) project. This report also provides a summary of the project activities and deliverables, and discusses possible application areas. The project has aimed at the industrial utilisation of the results from the TACO: (Traceability and Communication of Requirements in Digital I and C Systems Development) (NKS-R project number NKS-R-2002-16, completed June, 2005) project, and practical application of improved approaches and methods for requirements engineering and change management. Finally, the report provides a brief description of the extended industrial network and disseminations of the results in Nordic and NKS related events such as seminars and workshops. (au)

  11. MORE: Management of Requirements in NPP Modernisation Projects, final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fredriksen, R.; Katta, V.; Raspotnig, C. (Inst. for energiteknikk (IFE) (Norway)); Valkonen, J. (Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) (Finland))

    2008-09-15

    This report documents the work and related activities of the MORE (Management of Requirements in NPP Modernisation Projects) (NKS-R project number NKS-R-2005-47) project. This report also provides a summary of the project activities and deliverables, and discusses possible application areas. The project has aimed at the industrial utilisation of the results from the TACO: (Traceability and Communication of Requirements in Digital I and C Systems Development) (NKS-R project number NKS-R-2002-16, completed June, 2005) project, and practical application of improved approaches and methods for requirements engineering and change management. Finally, the report provides a brief description of the extended industrial network and disseminations of the results in Nordic and NKS related events such as seminars and workshops. (author)

  12. IAEA project LIT/0/003 Lithuania: Systematic approach to training (SAT) for NPP personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The goal of the IAEA Project LIT/0/003 was to strengthen the safety and reliability of the Ignalina NPP by systematic approach to Training (SAT) of the personnel. The results achieved in 1997 and 1998 were: training of the Project team on SAT methodology; seminar on SAT principles for Ignalina NPP senior management; training of the project team on needs analysis conduct; the Ignalina NPP needs analysis report was prepared and approved; training of the project team in USA; equipment delivered

  13. Prioritization of Delay Factors for NPP Construction Risk in International Project by Using AHP Methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is crucial for the nuclear power plant project decision makers and management personnel to identify the actual factors of construction delay and their ranking in order to take preventive actions. NPP project is complex in nature and the construction phase is one of the most key phase which is subject to many factors result from many sources. From experience, nuclear projects have faced challenges similar to other complex mega projects with additional nuclear specific issues and life time cost of nuclear reactor is concentrated upfront as capital cost, and therefore delays in construction may become intolerable in terms of both lost revenues and interest on the capital. Budget over-runs and delays on next generation new build nuclear projects in recent years clearly demonstrate that the nuclear industry continues to repeat its failed management and project control processes of the past. Similar to major infra-structure projects, actual completion times can vary substantially from initial estimates but this uncertainty is too crucial to the nuclear industry due to high levels of capital at risk, for every year a project is delayed the levelized cost of electricity increases by approximately 8-10%. causes of delay, to develop a generalized AHP model for delay factors, and to prioritize the risk in different factors in various levels of construction phase in international turnkey NPP project. This paper describes and prioritizes Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) construction schedule delay factor for turnkey international project. This study also determines the different party's importance in percentage behind the construction schedule delay of NPP which constitutes main contractor (28.4%), regulatory authority (27.3%), financial and country factor (23.5%), and utility (20.8%). Decision makers of nuclear industry can understand the significance of different factors on NPP construction phase and they can apply risk informed decision making to avoid unexpected

  14. Experience of Hungarian model project: 'Strengthening training for operational safety at Paks NPP'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Training of Operational Safety at Paks NPP is described including all the features of the project including namely: description of Paks NPP, its properties and performances; reasons for establishing Hungarian Model Project, its main goals, mentioning Hungarian and IAEA experts involved in the Project, its organization, operation, budget, current status together with its short term and long term impact

  15. Termination of exploitation of V 1 NPP - BIDSF projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the interview with engineer Peter Hlbocky, director of division of the Project of decommissioning of V 1 Nuclear Power Plant in Jaslovske Bohunice is presented. Project Manager Unit (PMU) was formed on the basis of directive of the General Director of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. The Director of the Division of decommissioning of the V 1 NPP and at the same time the Main manager of the PMU is engineer Peter Hlbocky. On this project participate 19 employees of the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (SE), 6 abroad employees of the consortium IBERINCO, 15 employees of the VUEZ and 25 abroad employees on the detached place of work in the Spain and France

  16. Building Project Competence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pemsel, Sofia; Wiewiora, Anna

    This research investigates the development of project competence, and particularly, three related dynamic capabilities (shifting, adapting, leveraging) that contribute to project competence development. In doing so, we make use of the emerging literature on knowledge governance and theorize how...... of dynamic capability building promoting project competence development....

  17. Trillo NPP full scope replica simulator project: The last great NPP simulation challenge in Spain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the year 2000, Trillo NPP (Spanish PWR-KWU design nuclear power plant) and Tecnatom came to the agreement of developing a Trillo plant specific simulator, having as scope all the plant systems operated either from the main control room or from the emergency panels. The simulator operation should be carried out both through a control room replica and graphical user interface, this latter based on plant schematics and softpanels concept. Trillo simulator is to be primarily utilized as a pedagogical tool for the Trillo operational staff training. Because the engineering grade of the mathematical models, it will also have additional uses, such as: - Operation engineering (POE's validation, New Computerized Operator Support Systems Validation, etc).; - Emergency drills; -Plant design modifications assessment. This project has become the largest simulation task Tecnatom has ever undertaken, being structured in three different subprojects, namely: - Simulator manufacture, Simulator acceptance and Training material production. Most relevant technological innovations the project brings are: Highest accuracy in the Nuclear Island models, Advanced Configuration Management System, Open Software architecture, Human machine interface new design, Latest design I/O system and an Instructor Station with extended functionality. The Trillo simulator 'Ready for Training' event is due on September 2003, having started the Factory Acceptance Tests in Autumn 2002. (author)

  18. NPP advanced pipework technologies: recent backfitting projects and computational analyses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some recent international NPP projects involving advanced engineering services for existing installations, such as replacement of valves, containment penetrations and pipework as well as design and installations of pipe supports and dynamic restraints, are summarized. Examples of thermomechanical analyses of operational phenomena performed as part of comprehensive plant design, licensing, and commissioning support activities are presented. Turnkey project management with system function warranty resulted in most effective use of all resources drawn together from several high-qualified subcontractors and international equipment manufacturers working under the supervision of an in-house team. Experience collected to date in backfitting various plants of different design and age provides a strong knowledge basis. It is available for evaluating any plant currently in operation or under construction in order to check the need for modifications and recommend the appropriate scheduling and level of effort. (authors)

  19. Conversion of the turbine building of the Rheinsberg NPP into a transport assembly hall, synthesis of dismantling, new building and waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conceptual planning of the conversion of the turbine building into a transport assembly hall is complete, and work on the project has started. At the same time available studies on the state of contamination of the systems and plants in the turbine building and on technical details are continued. In conformity with the licencing concept for the decommissioning of the Rheinsberg NPP, the ''licence for decommissioning and partial dismantling'' has been applied for. A safety report and supplementary reports have been presented to the competent licencing authority. At present demands made by that authority on the basis of the documents submitted are worked off. (ORIG.)

  20. Some specific features of building work organization during the Khmelnitskij NPP first unit construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Specific feature of the excavation process during the Khmelnitskij NPP first unit construction, as well as the scheme of mechanization of the main building construction, production of special constructions and their assmbly into mounting units, features of ventilation organizing, preparation, transportation and placement of monolithic concrete are considered. Basic technical-and-economic indices are presented

  1. Actual status of project Mochovce NPP units 3 and 4 completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with actual status of project Mochovce NPP units 3 and 4 completion. Present state of Mochovce NPP, Units 3 and 4 enables real assumption to completion. It is expected that such supplier companies can be used which are experienced in field of nuclear projects. Based on budget of 2002, it seems that completion costs of 45 billions SKK are real. These figures were confirmed by study performed by TRACTEBEL in 2004. Based on experience from Bohunice NPP completion as well as from Mochovce NPP, Units 1 and 2 completion and if decision milestone and project start up deadlines will be observed according to modified preliminary schedule of Mochovce NPP Units 3 and 4 completion, it seems as real that Unit 3 will be completed till 06/2011 and Unit 4 - till 12/2011.

  2. Practical training in new build projects concept and first experiences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buhai, Bogdan; Langenberger, Nina [AREVA NP GmbH (Germany)

    2012-11-01

    In new build projects, after having attended theoretical training the NPP personnel will only effectively develop their competences by participating in practical training during construction and commissioning activities. AREVA's comprehensive concept and first experiences from an ongoing EPR trademark project (now in the commissioning phase) will be presented and discussed. The new technologies applied for the design and construction of Generation III+ Nuclear Power Plants (GEN III+ NPP's) will require a thorough and comprehensive training package especially during the startup, operation, service and maintenance of the systems. Hereafter the methodology and first results of such a practical training program are presented. (orig.)

  3. Review report on the dynamical study of the main building of the Paks NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present report deals with the review of the report 'Dynamical Study of the main building of the Paks NPP', issued by Paks NPP (Hungary) on April, 1993, within the frame of the IAEA benchmark study for the seismic analysis and testing of an existing Nuclear Power Plant (M), and on behalf of ENEL DSR/VDN Rome, in the aims of the nuclear activities of ENEL DSR/VDN (Rome). After a foreword to define the aims of the job (Chapter 1) and the identification of the scope of the work (Chapter 2), a short list of references is given (Chapter 3). In Chapter 4, the criteria followed in the review activity are listed; in Chapter 5, the contents of the Paks NPP report are summarized. In Chapter 6 the results of the review are given, while the main conclusions of the review activities are summarized in the Chapter 7. (author)

  4. Review report on the dynamical study of the main building of the Paks NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present report deals with the review of the report 'Dynamical Study of the main building of the Paks NPP', issued by Paks NPP (Hungary) in 1993, within the frame of the IAEA benchmark study for the seismic analysis and testing of an existing Nuclear Power Plant (M), and on behalf of ENEL DSR/UN Rome, in the aims of the nuclear activities of ENEL DSR/VDN (Rome). After a foreword which defined the aims of the task and the identification of the scope of the work, a short list of references is given. The criteria followed in the review activity are listed in separate chapter; as well as the summarized contents of the Paks NPP report. The results of the review are presented, while the main conclusions of the review activities are summarized in the last Chapter

  5. Study on angular measurements accuracy during NPP building

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study was made on the accuracy of angular geodetic measurings on short lines during the period of permanent construction and erection works of NPP. Angular measurings were performed by two 2T2 theodolites on the specially chosen test ground. Angles were measured according to circular procedures (12 procedures at each station). Observations were conducted using stationary visor targets of needle type, 1 mm in diameter. The centering of instrument was accomplished by optic plumbs. The measurements were performed in day time under different weather conditions. Results of conducted investigations enable to draw the following conclusions: 1) under conditions of the reactor section construction the accuracy of angular measurements decreases and the error may reach 20'' and more; 2)the main effect on the accuracy of angular measurements is produced by errors: the error of centering caused by the influence of external conditions and the residual instrumental error, which constitute 30, 50-60 and 15% of the total root-mean-square error respectively; 3)during angular measurements it is necessary to take account of parameters of geodetic formations and the effect of external conditions on the accuracy of these measurements

  6. The NPPR Trnava participation in the NPP V-2 modernisation and safety improvement project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presented contribution deals with form, present state and results of Nuclear Power Plants Research Inst.e participation in the NPP V-2 Jaslovske Bohunice Modernization and Safety Improvement Project.(author)

  7. MORE: Management of requirements in NPP modernisation projects. Project report 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report documents the work and related activities of the MORE project in the period January 1 - December 31 in 2007. The focus of this report is on improvements of the former project results, to identify and apply a couple of case studies from NPP projects, and activities in order to initiate and implement the industrial take-up and utilisation of the research results in real modernisation projects. The report also provides a brief description of the extended industrial network and disseminations of the results in Nordic and NKS related events such as seminars and workshops. (au)

  8. MORE: Management of requirements in NPP modernisation projects. Project report 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fredriksen, R.; Katta, V.; Raspotnig, C. [Institutt for energiteknikk (IFE) (Norway); Valkonen, J. [Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) (Finland)

    2008-03-15

    This report documents the work and related activities of the MORE project in the period January 1 - December 31 in 2007. The focus of this report is on improvements of the former project results, to identify and apply a couple of case studies from NPP projects, and activities in order to initiate and implement the industrial take-up and utilisation of the research results in real modernisation projects. The report also provides a brief description of the extended industrial network and disseminations of the results in Nordic and NKS related events such as seminars and workshops. (au)

  9. Seismic response analyses of turbine hall and electrical building of RBMK-1000 MW type NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper addresses results obtained during the study of turbine hall and electrical building of RBMK-1000 MW pair units at Leningradskaya NPP (LNPP) for seismic event. The study was performed in the frame of the Coordinated Research Program of the International Atomic Agency (IAEA) on Safety of RBMK type Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) in Relation of External Events. A 3-D finite element model of Main Building Complex was developed and seismic response analyses were performed taking into account the soil-structure interaction (SSI). The standard mode superposition method was used for evaluation of dynamic response of structure in time domain. The structure was assumed surface founded at the basemat level. Seismic response analyses were carried out considering shear wave propagation pattern for the input motion. The in-structure time histories and response spectra were generated in referenced locations. Conclusions are drawn for the reliability of the structural response evaluation considering the soil-structure interaction effects. (author)

  10. Task 7a: Dynamic analysis of Paks NPP structures reactor building

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes dynamic response calculation of the NPP Paks, reactor building to the full scale blast testing. All calculations described in this report have been elaborated within the scope of IAEA co-ordinated research - Benchmark Study for for seismic analysis/testing of NPPs type WWER - Task 7a - Dynamic Analysis of PAKS NPP structures, i.e. reactor building. The input in the form of time history of velocities or accelerations on the free field caused by blast testing was only available for the participants of the task No.7a. The aim of this task is to calculate the dynamic response to the blast load in the form of floor response spectra in selected nodes of the structure without knowing the measured data. The data measured by the full scale blast test are published and the results of different calculations compared. The following structures were taken into account: turbine hall, intermediate multi-storey building, lateral multi-storey building, reactor building, ventilation center and condenser towers

  11. Structural response of Paks NPP WWER-440 MW main building complex to blast input motion. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Soviet standard design units WWER-440/213 type installed in Paks NPP were not originally designed for a Safe Shutdown Earthquake. At the time of selection of Paks site on the basis of historical earthquake data was supposed that the maximum earthquake is of grade V according MSK-64 scale. This seismicity level had not required any special measures to account for seismic event effects on the Main Building Complex Structure. Current site seismicity studies reveal that the seismic hazard for the site significantly exceeds the originally estimated. In addition the safety rules and seismic code requirements became more rugged. As a part of the activities to increase the seismic safety of the Paks NPP the study on dynamic behaviour of the Main Building Complex Structure has been performed with support of IAEA. The explosion full scale tests were carried out for determining the dynamic behaviour of the structure and for assessment of the Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) effects in the modelling and analysis procedures, used in the dynamic response analyses. The objective of the project was to evaluate the blast response of the WWER-440/213 Main Building Complex at Paks NPP, based on the data available for the soil properties, recorded free-field blast input motion, and structural design. The scope of EQE-Bulgaria study was to conduct a state-of-the-art SSI analysis with a multiple foundations supported model of the Main Building Complex to assess the structure blast response. The analysis was focused on a modelling technique that assess realistically the SSI effects on the dynamic response of a structure supported on multiple foundation instead of simplified, but more conservative techniques. The scope of research was covered splitting the study into the following steps: development of a twin units model for Main Building Complex structure; development of a Low Strain Soil Properties Model; development of SSI Parameters consisting of a Multiple Foundations System

  12. Annx IV. Delayed nuclear power plant project management experience Cernavoda 2 NPP, Romania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Cernavoda Unit 2 NPP work was originally started in 1982 with work coming to a halt in 1989, and a preservation program implemented in 1991 while work continued on Unit 1. In 1995 attention turned to the completion of Unit 2 and status verification reports were commissioned. Work proceeded, as funds were available, up until 2002 when an interim contract was signed. Subsequently a Contract Completion Effective Date (CCED) was signed in March 2003 with completion duration of 48 months. A project schedule is a necessity for any project whether it is a new build or a restart to a delayed project. There are 5 major elements that are included in all CANDU project schedules, Engineering, Procurement, Construction, Commissioning and the conversion from Construction to Commissioning. The Engineering schedule of deliverables was not fully defined at CCED. Design changes defined prior to CCED were not fully defined and the scope of work associated with these only became known during the actual construction program. A significant number of new design changes were introduced after CCED, which compounded the impact to the construction program. All projects require their budgets to be built up within a defined structure. Delayed projects are no different from other projects in that respect. The standard Work Brakout Structure (WBS), which is applicable to most CANDU projects, is equally applicable for a delayed project. On Cernavoda Unit 2 we used a Budget Breakdown Structure, which was a combination of a traditional WBS and an Organization Structure. This structure was adopted in order to have consistency with the structure, which had been used prior to the delay on the project and also it was a requirement of the three party agreements with funding from different sources and in different currencies. All major construction projects normally carry a contingency allowance for undefined work and a risk allowance for the possibility of major changes. Delayed projects require

  13. Integrity Analysis of Turbine Building for the MSLB Using GOTHIC code for Wolsong NPP Unit 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A break in the piping between the steam generators and the turbine can lead to rapid loss of secondary circuit inventory. A break inside the turbine building leads to pressure differentials between different areas of the turbine building. In order to improve the environmental protection of various components within the turbine building, a wall has been erected which effectively separates the area in which these components are housed from the rest of the turbine building. Relief panels installed in the turbine building ensure that the pressure differential across the wall would be less than that required to jeopardize the wall integrity. The turbine building service wing is excluded from the scope of this analysis. It is further assumed that any doors in the heavy wall are as strong as the wall itself, with no gaps or leakage around the doors. For the full scope safety analysis of turbine building for Wolsong NPP unit 2, input decks for the various objectives, which can be read by GOTHIC 7.2a, are developed and tested for the steady state simulation. The input data files provide simplified representations of the geometric layout of the turbine building (volumes, dimensions, flow paths, doors, panels, etc.) and the performance characteristics of the various turbine building subsystems

  14. Integrity Analysis of Turbine Building for the MSLB Using GOTHIC code for Wolsong NPP Unit 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ko, Bong-Jin; Jin, Dong-Sik; Kim, Jong-Hyun; Han, Sang-Koo [ACT, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Hoon; Kho, Dong-Wook [KHNP-CRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    A break in the piping between the steam generators and the turbine can lead to rapid loss of secondary circuit inventory. A break inside the turbine building leads to pressure differentials between different areas of the turbine building. In order to improve the environmental protection of various components within the turbine building, a wall has been erected which effectively separates the area in which these components are housed from the rest of the turbine building. Relief panels installed in the turbine building ensure that the pressure differential across the wall would be less than that required to jeopardize the wall integrity. The turbine building service wing is excluded from the scope of this analysis. It is further assumed that any doors in the heavy wall are as strong as the wall itself, with no gaps or leakage around the doors. For the full scope safety analysis of turbine building for Wolsong NPP unit 2, input decks for the various objectives, which can be read by GOTHIC 7.2a, are developed and tested for the steady state simulation. The input data files provide simplified representations of the geometric layout of the turbine building (volumes, dimensions, flow paths, doors, panels, etc.) and the performance characteristics of the various turbine building subsystems.

  15. Radiological characterisation of V1 NPP technological systems and buildings - Activation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    V1 NPP at Jaslovske Bohunice site has been finally shutdown after 28 years of successful operation in 2006 (Unit 1) and 2008 (Unit 2). At present, both units are finally shutdown and since July 2011 under decommissioning license. The preparation of V1 NPP decommissioning has been supported and partly financed by the Bohunice International Decommissioning Support Fund (BIDSF), under the administration of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. From 06/2008 to 12/2011 AMEC Nuclear Slovakia, together with partners STM Power and EWN GmbH, carried out BIDSF B6.4 project - Decommissioning database development (DDB). The main purpose of the B6.4 project was to develop a physical and radiological inventory database to support V1 NPP decommissioning process planning and performance. One of the specific deliverable tasks within the B6.4 project was deliverable D12 - Characterization of activated equipment and civil structures based on measurement, sampling and analyses performed on the samples. The scope of deliverable services within D12 task consisted of: 1. Categorization of activated components ; 2. Development of single working programs for their radiological monitoring and sampling ; 3. Preparation of sampling device and revision of all handling equipment; 4. Dose rate monitoring and sampling of: - Civil structures from reactors shaft on both units ; - Components placed in HLW storage, (so called 'Mogilnik') - connection rods, absorbers ; of control rod assemblies and neutron flux measurement channels ; - Reactor pressure vessel and shielding assemblies at both units of V1 NPP, reactor; internals from Unit 2 of V1 NPP; 5. Analysis of samples ; 6. Determination of radiological inventory ; 7. Import of radiological data for activated components into DDB. During sampling, mainly remotely controlled sampling device and radiation resistant camera with LED lightening for visual checking of all performed activities was used. In total, 125 samples have been taken

  16. Seismic response analysis of Sosnovy Bor NPP (RBMK-1000 MW main building complex)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scope of the seismic response analysis covers the assessment of the Main Building response to the seismic input excitation and the assess the effects of site-specific soil conditions on the dynamic structural response of the building structure. The study included development of 3-D stick model of main building structure; site-specific soil conditions (low-strain soil properties, median estimate, soil data) and seismic excitation time histories (acceleration time histories developed for Kozloduy NPP, scaled to 0.1 g). The Study performed includes: deconvolution of seismic free field surface motion; modeling of structure foundation and generation of impedance and scattering functions; fixed base frequencies and mode shapes extraction; soil-structure interaction analysis using CLASSI chain of computer programs; floor acceleration time histories generation and floor response spectra generation

  17. Modernization and safety improvement project of the NPP V-2 Jaslovske Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contribution deals with form, present state and results of Nuclear Power Plants Research Institute (the Slovak acronym is VUJE - Vyskumny Ustav Jadrovych Elektrarni) participation in the NPP V-2 Jaslovske Bohunice Modernization and Safety Improvement Project. Short description of VUJE history, activity and results is also done as well as NPPs Jaslovske Bohunice characterization. (authors)

  18. MORE. Management of Requirements in NPP modernisation projects - Project report 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The overall objective of the project MORE is to improve the means for managing the large amounts of evolving requirements in Nordic NPP modernisation projects. In accordance to this objective, the activity will facilitate the industrial utilisation of the research results from the project TACO. On the basis of experiences in the Nordic countries, the overall aim of the TACO project has been to identify the best practices and most important criteria for ensuring effective communication in relation to requirements elicitation and analysis, understandability of requirements to all parties, and traceability of requirements. The project resulted in the development of a traceability model for handling requirements from their origins and through their final shapes. Particular emphasis for the MORE project in 2005 was put on utilising a prototype of a tool (TRACE) intended to support an adopted approach to dependable requirements engineering, suitable for modelling and handling large amounts of requirements related to all stages of the systems development process and not only those traditionally including requirements at high-level stages. (au)

  19. Re-evaluation of floor response spectra of reactor building for Daya Bay NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The seismic analysis of nuclear island of Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) was just in accordance with the approaches in RCC-G standard for the model M310 in France, in which the simplified impedance matrix method was employed for the consideration of soil's function. In this paper the more sophisticated 3D half-space continuum impedance method based on the Green functions is used to analyze the function of soil. In addition, multi-group of input time histories was used in the seismic response analysis in the existing design and their average of responses for each group was taken as the design basis. The same multi-group of input time histories was used in the seismic response analysis in this study, but the average and enveloped value of responses for each case are calculated respectively to account for the uncertainty of input motions. Focused on the above two issues, the seismic responses of the reactor building are calculated and the floor response spectra (FRS), a very important data for the design of nuclear system and equipment, are generated and then compared with the corresponding design values, so that the evaluation and discuss on the design method and results are conducted. Some useful conclusions hopefully to provide some important references to the assessment of seismic safety margin for the NPP in operation are taken. (authors)

  20. Lessons learned from current Qinshan CANDU project and the impact on future NPP's

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AECL has adopted an evolutionary approach to the development of the CANDU 6 and CANDU 9 Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) designs. Each new NPP project benefits from previous projects and contains an increasing number of fully proven enhancements. In accordance with this evolutionary design approach, AECL has built on the Wolsong and Qinshan successes and the solid performance of the reference CANDU stations to define, review and implement the enhancements for the CANDU 9 NPP. Some of these enhancements include fully integrated project information systems and databases, safety enhancements coming from PSA studies and licensing activities, distributed control systems for plant-wide control and an advanced control center which addresses human factors engineering concepts. Examples of the Qinshan CANDU project delivery enhancements are the utilization of electronic engineering tools for the complete plant, and the linking of these tools with the project material management system and document management systems. The project information is reviewed and approved at the engineering office in Canada and then transmitted to site electronically. Once the electronic data is at site the information packages are extracted as necessary to enable construction and facilitate contract needs with minimum effort. This paper will provide details of the CANDU Qinshan project experiences as well as describing some of the corresponding CANDU 9 enhancements. (author)

  1. Seismic evaluation and upgrading design of overhead roads between reactor buildings of WWER-1000 MW type NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents results obtained during the study of overhead roads between Reactor Building (RB) of WWER-1000 MW NPP and possible measures for their seismic upgrade. The main objective of this project is to evaluate the behavior of overhead roads under site-specific seismic loading and to determine whether this structure satisfies current international safety regulations, followed by development of upgrading concepts. Overhead roads are pre-cast RC structure, which can be divided to separate substructures. They comprise of pedestrian gallery and pipeline box, connecting reactor buildings with auxiliary building. They are mounted at approximately 10 m above ground level. The overhead roads are evaluated for Review Level Earthquake (RLE) as seismic category II structures. As seismic input motion is RLE, free field response spectra anchored to 0.2 g PGA are used with 0.5 scaling factor. Soil-Structure Interaction effects are taken into account through equivalent soil springs with frequency adjusted stiffness. In order to meet the objective of the project a technical design specification is developed for conformance with International, US and Bulgarian standards and codes, taking into account site specific conditions. The general approach is consistent with up-to-date practice for evaluation and upgrade of nuclear power plant facilities. The separate steps comprising the overall fulfillment of project's major objectives may be summarized as follows: study of all available data for initial design and as built conditions, creation of 3-D detailed finite element models for as-built structure, determination of dynamic characteristics, evaluation of adequacy of initial design under new seismic loading (calculation of D/C ratios for structural members and connections, evaluation of embedment lengths for embedded parts and rebars, deformation evaluation, stability checks), development of upgrading concepts for enhancement, verification of capability of upgraded structure

  2. Czech Republic: Temelin NPP. Project Control. Annex 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annex deals with project control. Project schedule and costs were heavily influenced by late design changes brought about by the desire to apply western technology. Problems developed in the integration of these changes into the project. These arose due to difficulty of the task, lack of clear responsibilities amongst project participants, and also due to lack of familiarity of personnel with the new concepts and managerial techniques. The project is now progressing well with fuel loading scheduled for late 1998. (author)

  3. Mounting the large-size building blocks of the reactor room structure at the Kozloduj NPP fifth power unit (Bulgaria)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pecularities of the construction of Kozloduj NPP fifth power unit with a WWER-1000 reactor are described. Methods of mounting reactor well, storage pond and underwater reloading well using large-size building blocks are presented. The described methods can be applied for the construction of NPPs with WWER-1000 reactors using a high capacity crane (not less than 200 t) erected in the centre of the reactor building

  4. Seismic upgrading of the spent fuel storage building at Kozloduy NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Spent Fuel Storage Building at Kozloduy NPP site has been analysed for new review level earthquake with 0.2 g peak ground acceleration (compared to the initial design basis earthquake with 0.1 g PGA). The preliminary seismic analysis of the existing building structure using the 5% site specific response spectrum showed the need of seismic structural upgrading. Two upgrading concepts were evaluated on the basis of several factors. The main factor considered was preventing the collapse of the hall structure and the travelling cranes on the fuel storage area during and after a SSE. A three dimensional finite element model was created for the investigation of the seismic response of the existing structure and for the design of the building upgrading. The modelling of the heavy travelling crane and its sub-crane structure was one of the key points. Different configurations of the new upgrading and strengthening structures were investigated. Some interesting conclusions have been drawn from the experience in analysing and upgrading of such a complex industrial structure, comprised of elements with substantial differences in material, rigidity, construction and general behaviour. (author)

  5. Summary of the data collection and analysis process used for Temelin NPP PSA project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Temelin NPP is a WWER-1000/320 two unit plant under construction. This paper briefly discusses the characteristics of data sources that were used to estimate the initiating event frequencies, component reliability parameters, unavailabilities due to maintenance, common cause failure probabilities and human error probabilities in the frame of Temelin PSA Project covering Level 1 for both at power and non power modes of operation, external events and the Level 2 analysis. (authors)

  6. How an EAM solution could support a new build project?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the context of the nuclear renaissance, the purpose of this paper is to address from an Enterprise Asset Management system (EAM) prospective the business needs of all the main stake holders of a new NPP? These are the Architect Engineers AE, the EPC and the future operator of a new NPP? It also covers the regulatory and asset life cycle management aspects of such a project. Besides meeting the US specific 10CFR part 52 requirements of the new combine construction and operating license (COL) process, we will review the generic ones which needs be satisfied no matter the country where this new build project is taking place. It also covers plant life cycle considerations with regards of the key information generated by the plant constructors and design providers which are of importance to the future NPP operators. All these requirements bring their own lot of issues that an appropriate EAM solution could address. Ventyx (formerly Indus International), is a nuclear EAM solutions provider for the passed 30 years and its solution used all over the world. This paper will review these requirements which could easily be supported by such a solution and review its potential key benefits it could bring to all involved parties. (authors)

  7. IAEA and problems of security. Specific principles of NPP safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conceptual heart for specific principles of safety and its connection with fundamental ideas of the protection in depth and culture of safety are treated. Presented scheme involves such positions as choice of site for NPP, projecting of NPP, manufacture of equipment and building of station, commissioning into service, operation NPP, accident control, removal from service, readiness to accident. The presentation is reviewed of peculiar principles of safety in the IAEA INSAG-12 report: Basic principles of safety

  8. BIDSF Project B6.4.Decommissioning database of V1 NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 2001, the preparation of V1 NPP practical decommissioning has been supported and partly financed by the Bohunice International Decommissioning Support Fund (BIDSF), under the administration of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. AMEC Nuclear Slovakia, together with partners STM Power and EWN GmbH, have been carrying out BIDSF B6.4 project - Decommissioning database development (June 2008 until July 2010). The main purpose of the B6.4 project is to develop a comprehensive physical and radiological inventory database to support RAW management development of the decommissioning studies and decommissioning project of Bohunice V1 NPP. AMEC Nuclear Slovakia was responsible mainly for DDB design, planning documents and physical and radiological characterization including sampling and analyses of the plant controlled area. After finalization of all activities DDB includes over 75.000 records related to individual equipment and civil structures described by almost 3.000.000 parameters. On the basis of successful completion of the original contract the amendment was signed between JAVYS and Consultant's Consortium related to experimental characterization of NPP activated components. The works within this amendment have been still running. (authors)

  9. Automatic control of the D20 vapor recovery dryers at Cernavoda NPP U2 (CANDU Project 82)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 'D20 vapor Recovery System' is built in the frame of CANDU NPP Cernavoda, Romania, in order to preserve the atmosphere dry inside the Reactor Building. The system includes ten dryers, four tanks and three pumps grouped in thirteen equipment units with cyclic operation. When desiccant bed of the dryers is full of humidity the operating regime is switched automatically from absorption to regeneration. During regeneration, the air from blower discharge is passed through electric heaters and desiccant bed to condenser where the D20 vapor is recovered, and again to fan inlet. The dryer regeneration is completed when its desiccant bed is hot. Also, transferring the contents of the tanks is a batch processing operation. Considering the Cernavoda U1 operating experience, the CANDU project 82, for Cernavoda NPP U2, is now under an improving process, which implies an Automatic Control for the 'D20 vapor Recovery System'. This Automatic Control, performed by Industrial Computers and Data Acquisition System, is able automatically to detect the completion of the equipment unit phases, to switch the equipment unit to appropriate operation mode, to check the proper operating mode and to trip the equipment unit if necessary. This paper intends to present the problems surmounted during the technical specification issuing for designing process. (author)

  10. Gentilly-2 NPP refurbishment project (planning and scheduling)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydro-Quebec is presently in the preparation phase for the Refurbishment Project of Gentilly-2. However, due to the decision to postpone the refurbishment outage for an undefined period, the intensity of engineering and procurement activities has slowed down. HQ decided to keep the focus on the engineering related to retube packages and to nuclear lots deemed critical for the beginning of the refurbishment outage. In accordance with that decision, HQ has requested that their suppliers postpone material procurement and delay temporary facilities installation. In the meantime, the refurbishment team is working with different planning scenarios for the whole of the refurbishment including plant maintenance activities. The goal is to be ready to restart project preparations with minimum impact on engineering and procurement activities once the final project decision is given.

  11. Brazil: Angra 2 NPP. Project control. Annex 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annex deals with project control. Construction of Angra 2 has had strong decrease of investment from 1984 to 1994. Storage programme has been implemented and inspections are being planned. Personnel has been maintained to advance engineering work and to maintain site structures. Construction has been resumed with full co-operation of the foreign supplier plant is 94% complete (October 1998). (author)

  12. Islamic Republic of Iran: Bushehr NPP. Project control. Annex 8

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annex deals with project control. After almost 17 years of delay due to revolution and war, the work on BNPP-1 resumed. The new plant will be a combination of German and Russian designs and as such will present many unique technical and managerial problems. These will be accentuated by the fact that Iranian nuclear personnel are relatively young and inexperienced. In spite of hostile environmental conditions at the site, the equipment, structures and documentation have been relatively well presented. (author)

  13. Seismic strengthening of overhead roads between reactor buildings of WWER-1000 MW type NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents results obtained during the upgrading design of overhead roads (OHR) between WWER-1000 MW Reactor Units at Kozloduy NPP. In order to avoid the deficiencies of OHR seismic capacity different approaches were developed based on the site and structure specifics. Overhead roads are precasted RC structures. They consist of pedestrian gallery and pipeline RC box, connecting reactor buildings with auxiliary building. They are mounted at approximately 10 m above ground level. The overhead roads are evaluated at their as-is status and a seismic upgrading of the structure is designed. The analysis of the upgraded structure is performed for Review Level Earthquake (RLE). Soil-Structure Interaction (SSI) effects are taken into account through equivalent soil springs with frequency adjusted stiffnesses. The upgraded structure is checked for conformance with the specially developed technical design specification based on International, US and Bulgarian standards and codes, taking into account site specific conditions. The general approach is consistent with up-to-date practice for evaluation and upgrade of nuclear power plant facilities. The existing site conditions and Owner's requirements are taken into account during development of the upgrading. The proposed upgrading measures can be divided in two major categories global and local. Special attention is paid to improvement of the ductile behavior of the structure through new detailing and upgrading of existing connection. These measures are grouped in two final design concepts and after a comparative study one of them is chosen for implementation. For the upgraded structure response spectra are derived at locations where equipment is attached. (authors)

  14. Project Management Unit for decommissioning of NPP Bohunice VI (2003-2014)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From October 2003 until december 2014 the Consortium consisting of Iberdrola Engineering and Construction (leader). Empresarios Agrupados Internacional, and Indra Sistemas has carried out the project Project Management Unit ((PMU) for the decommissioning of Bohunice V1 NPP (units 1 and 2), type VVER-440/V-230 in Slovakia. during the first phase (2003-2007) EdF was also part of the Consortium. The project is funded by the Bohunice International Decommissioning Support Fund (BIDSF) administered by the RBRD. The main objective of the project is to provide the necessary engineering and resources of project management for planning, execution, management, coordination and monitoring of all tasks in support of the decommissioning. (Author)

  15. New Generation Dresden NPP Demineralizer Vault Cleanup Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    show that the actual volumetric fraction of solids produced are relatively small. In order to estimate the amount of material (Al or Fe depending on the electrode material) added by the EC process, a rough rule of thumb has been found to be ∼15 ppm per amp-minute. It was found with most wastewaters that Cs seeding (if that step is required) added ∼ 100 ppm Cs Seed and 10-15 ppm/amp minute additional floc from the electrodes. In a typical BWR wastewater case, where the TSS represented ≤ 0.15 wt% (∼1500 ppm). At 1.5 amp-min., the Al (III) added by the EC process would be ∼ 20 ppm, or ∼ 60 ppm as Al(OH)3. It was found the relatively low floc [∼ 40 ppm as dried Al(OH)3] worked quite well for the high colloid level present (∼1500 ppm), and would be even more enhanced with the use of recycle. Even at that relatively low treatment dose, the colloidal TSS in the wastewater was effectively flocculated to yield agglomerates that were easily filtered and dewatered. Another rule of thumb is that, empirically, TDS (in mg/l) is typically ∼0.5 X conductivity (in umho/cm). For instance, a conductivity reading of 100 umho/cm corresponds to about 50 ppm of TDS. As can be seen, the amount of material actually added in this vault cleanup of ∼15 ppm per amp-min compared to the existing ∼1500 ppm of TDS present (0.5 X conductivity of 3000 μmho/cm) is minimal. In this vault cleanup, as a precautionary measure, the HIC was a specially designed Press-Pak with internal sheet filters, final dewatering leg, and a expandable, outer bladder if needed for final dewatering. It was found after filling the first HIC, of two, that the material dewatered and passed final dewatering tests without the need for the precautionary Press-Pak feature. Original estimates by the evaluation team estimated it would take some 11 to 12 HICs to remove the vault contents to a remote location for treatment, dewatering and final shipment. With the use of the SAFETM Solution, the project was

  16. Co-operation between SiP and the Ignalina NPP: Ongoing Projects to be Continued, Consideration Is Taken of Present-day Needs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Discussions of Ignalina NPP and Swedish International Project Nuclear Safety (SiP) on the implementation of the projects financed by the Swedish Government are presented. In 2000 Government of Sweden has given 10 M SEK to Ignalina NPP to the issues related with decommissioning of Unit 1

  17. Final results and improvement proposals of the analysis of internal flooding in the reactor building of Kozloduy NPP Unit 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For modernization of Units 5 and 6 of the Kozloduy NPP, a comprehensive analysis of internal flooding scenarios has been carried out for the reactor building outside the containment and for the turbine hall by FRAMATOME ANP and ENPRO Consult. The objective of the presentation is to provide information on the main results obtained in the flooding analysis of the Reactor Building (outside Containment). The flooding analysis is being performed under application of the 'Methodology and boundary conditions'. Flooding calculations are provided for all of the rooms in the reactor building outside the containment in which the fluid systems, having the capacity for flooding, are mounted. The performed functional analysis shows, whether the consequences of a postulated initial event are within the NPP design or could lead to situations which are not taken into account in the design. The proposals for overcoming of identified unacceptable situations and the possible strategy of room draining are also given. Several cases of leaks inside of sealed rooms in the restricted area lead to the situation that the rooms will get totally flooded. Even if this should be acceptable from the point of view of loss of system function, the water pressure effect on the structural elements, as walls and doors, does not allow such complete filling-up. The second relevant identified effect was spreading of humidity and high temperatures to adjacent rooms. Long-lasting effects of this type have to be avoided, in order to prevent potential common cause effects on safety system equipment. (authors)

  18. Main results of the analysis of internal flooding in the reactor building of Kozloduy NPP Unit 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For modernization of Units 5 and 6 of Kozloduy NPP, a comprehensive analysis of internal flooding scenarios has been carried out for the reactor building outside the containment and for the turbine hall by FRAMATOME ANP and ENPRO Consult. The objective of the presentation is to provide information on the main results obtained in the flooding analysis of the reactor building (outside containment). The flooding analysis is being performed under application of the 'Methodology and boundary conditions'. Flooding calculations are provided for all of the rooms in the reactor building outside the containment in which the fluid systems, having the capacity for flooding, are mounted. The performed functional analysis shows whether the consequences of a postulated initial event are within the NPP design or could lead to situations which are not taken into account in the design. The proposals for overcoming of identified unacceptable situations and the possible strategy of room draining are also given. Several cases of leaks inside the sealed rooms in the restricted area lead to the situation that the rooms will get totally flooded. Even if this should be acceptable from the point of view of loss of system function, the water pressure effect on the structural elements, as walls and doors, does not allow such complete filling-up. The second relevant identified effect was spreading of humidity and high temperatures to adjacent rooms. Long-lasting effects of this type have to be avoided, in order to prevent potential common cause effects on safety system equipment (authors)

  19. Annex V. Project re-start management experience Mochovce unit 3 and 4 NPP, Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this report is to describe the re-starting phase of DNPP MO 34 Project, mainly focusing on management issues. The report consists of three main parts dealing with the Project management organization during the three different periods of the of DNPP re-starting process. The first part (Chapter 2) begins with the general background information about the NPP and then focuses on the pre-feasibility and feasibility study. The second part (chapter 3) deals with the current status of the plant and it stresses the main steps of the DNPP Project resuming after completion of the feasibility study. The third part (Chapter 4) outlines the main issues related to the criticality of a typical DNPP Project (e.g. preservation and maintenance of equipments, updating to technological and regulatory requirements, human resources, protection of design documentation, etc.) and the measures implemented in MO 34. The hereby presented content reflects the experience and good practices concerning the following main management issues: - project control measures; - human resources; - preservation and maintenance of site installations, structures and equipment; - updating of the whole Project to meet licensing requirements and technology upgrades; - preservation of Project documentation. (author)

  20. Economic aspects of the Belene NPP project continuation - analysis of international data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study is to estimate the probable cost of electricity which would be produced in the projected Belene NPP in Bulgaria. The construction of the Belene NPP started in 1987 and were stopped in 1990 due to financial and socio-ecological reasons. The analysis is based on comparative data on electricity production in PWR reactors Stendal, Temelin, Zaporozhe-6, Rovno-4 and Khmelnitskij-2,3,4. The capital costs, costs for operation and repair, costs for fuel/waste management and decommissioning costs are taken into account. It is stressed that the capital costs are highly increased due to elevated requirement for safety and reliability, equipment aging and spent fuel/ waste management. In most countries the electricity cost value is in the range 0.025 - 0.105 US$/kWh. It is concluded that the cost of electricity produced in Belene-1 reactor would be about 0.040 US$/kWh plus 0.005 - 0.010 US$/kWh for spent fuel/waste expenditures. The author's opinion is that the completion of the plant would be economically unprofitable

  1. Integrated sustainable urban infrastructures in building projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Susanne Balslev; Quitzau, Maj-Britt; Elle, Morten; Hoffmann, Birgitte; Rødtnes, Mette; Becht, Jan Peter

    2007-01-01

    Current strategies in urban planning and development merely promote standardized building solutions, while failing to prioritize innovative approaches of integration between building projects and sustainable urban infrastructures. As a result of this, urban infrastructures – the urban veins – are...... outdated from a sustainability perspective. This paper looks into more holistic ways of approaching building projects and discuss whether this provide a basis for an increased integration of urban infrastructures within building projects. In our study, we especially emphasise how conventional ways of...... approaching building projects are influenced by lock-in of existing infrastructural systems and compare this with two examples of more holistic ways of approaching building projects, developed by two architecture firms. The paper points out that such holistic perspective in building projects provide an...

  2. Failure Forewarning in NPP Equipment NERI2000-109 Final Project Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hively, LM

    2004-03-26

    The objective of this project is forewarning of machine failures in critical equipment at next-generation nuclear power plants (NPP). Test data were provided by two collaborating institutions: Duke Engineering and Services (first project year), and the Pennsylvania State University (Applied Research Laboratory) during the second and third project years. New nonlinear methods were developed and applied successfully to extract forewarning trends from process-indicative, time-serial data for timely, condition-based maintenance. Anticipation of failures in critical equipment at next-generation NPP will improve the scheduling of maintenance activities to minimize safety concerns, unscheduled non-productive downtime, and collateral damage due to unexpected failures. This approach provides significant economic benefit, and is expected to improve public acceptance of nuclear power. The approach is a multi-tiered, model-independent, and data-driven analysis that uses ORNL's novel nonlinear method to extract forewarning of machine failures from appropriate data. The first tier of the analysis provides a robust choice for the process-indicative data. The second tier rejects data of inadequate quality. The third tier removes signal artifacts that would otherwise confound the analysis, while retaining the relevant nonlinear dynamics. The fourth tier converts the artifact-filtered time-serial data into a geometric representation, that is then transformed to a discrete distribution function (DF). This method allows for noisy, finite-length datasets. The fifth tier obtains dissimilarity measures (DM) between the nominal-state DF and subsequent test-state DFs. Forewarning of a machine failure is indicated by several successive occurrences of the DM above a threshold, or by a statistically significant trend in the DM. This paradigm yields robust nonlinear signatures of degradation and its progression, allowing earlier and more accurate detection of the machine failure.

  3. Experimental research project on the dynamic behaviour of Garigliano N.P.P

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Garigliano N.P.P., 150 MW electric and 500 MW thermic, was built from 1961- to 1964. During 1980 it was shut down and thereafter the decommissioning procedure was started. In 1984 ENEA-DISP sponsored a preliminary study for a program of on-site experimental research on the Garigliano plant as part of a more general research program on seismic safety margin assessments. This paper presents the main conclusions of this preliminary study. For the research concerning the dynamic behaviour, some features have been pointed out: a) The Garigliano N.P.P. gives the opportunity to get some results on the soil-structure interaction in the interesting case of soft-soil (indefinite layer). b) The interaction structure-soil-structure can be tested between reactor building and turbine that are separated by an expansion-joint (extending in the mat too). c) The spherical steel containment has no other structural connections with the inner reinforced concrete structure than at the foundation level and therefore it may give clean experimental results on the dynamic behaviour of the containment alone. d) The H/B (height/base) ratio of the reactor building is sufficiently low to obtain translational modes of the structure. The research program is subdivided into many phases. The ones concerning the overall structure behaviour are as following: 1) Excitation by underground explosions. 2) Excitation by actuators on the mat using as reaction mass a concrete slab (ad hoc built aside). The latter is also used to compare the dynamic foundation response with and without micropiles. 3) Excitation by shakers inside the reactor building (at the top of the concrete structure). 4) Impact tests on the external R.C. wall of the turbine building. Others phases of research program are related to the tests of aged components on site and on shaking table (up to failure load). At the end of this paper an outline of the first experiment (excitation by explosion) and some results are presented. (author)

  4. Project materials [Commercial High Performance Buildings Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2001-01-01

    The Consortium for High Performance Buildings (ChiPB) is an outgrowth of DOE'S Commercial Whole Buildings Roadmapping initiatives. It is a team-driven public/private partnership that seeks to enable and demonstrate the benefit of buildings that are designed, built and operated to be energy efficient, environmentally sustainable, superior quality, and cost effective.

  5. Digital Handover of Data from Building Projects to Building Operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Per Anker

    2006-01-01

    and construction and on the other side in building opera-tion and facilities management. In Denmark the government has launched a development program called Digital Construction and one of the projects concerns specifying require-ments for building clients in relation to digital handover of data from construction...... pro-jects to building operation. This project started in 2004 with research and analyses fol-lowed by development of a proposal for client requirements and in 2005 a first test on a real construction project has been carried out. After revision of the requirements a second test will be started early...... by a consortium called DACaPo consisting of a building client/facilities manager, a consulting company, a contractor and a university institute. This paper presents some of the results from the project with the main focus on the initial research....

  6. Influence of Building Structure Modeling on the Results of Thermohydraulic Evaluation of Ignalina NPP ALS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The influence of different types of Ignalina NPP structure modeling on the results of thermo-hydraulic evaluation of ALS (accident localization system) compartments is analyzed. There are five types of structure models applied for calculations. The results showed that in the case of maximum design-based accident the difference between maximum overpressure in an accident compartment did not exceed 2.7%. In the future it is intended to apply the model with equivalent reinforced (concrete) material considering the paint layer covering the metal lining of ALS structures, because this model provides the most conservative results, and consumes less computer time. (author)

  7. Integrated project for increasing the capacity of spent fuel pools at Cofrentes NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current storage capacity of the Cofrentes NPP will have reached its limit by the end of its 15th cycle, in the year 2005. The works performed by Empresarios Agrupados for IBERDROLA show that it is possible to increase this capacity in successive phases, so as to make the Power Plant self-sufficient for 16 more years (up to 2021) in the case of compact storage, or for 50 more years (2055) in the case of consolidated storage or second level storage. Optimisation of the management of high-activity wastes goes with a series of tasks which come under the group referred to as Integrated Project for Increasing the Capacity of Spent Fuel Pools. The main activities of the project can be summarised under the following three items: increase of storage capacity (feasibility study, specification for the purchase of racks, manufacture, assembly and tests), improvement of the capacity of the pool cooling system and modification of the components and accessories located inside the pools which interfere with the new racks. Another series of activities with less technical and economic impact are: modification of fuel handling machines, management of generated radwaste, licensing and modification of plant documentation (seismic analysis, radiation areas, as-built drawings and verification of the validation of purification and HVAC systems). (Author)

  8. Sustainable Building through Project Planning Process

    OpenAIRE

    Anuar Alias; Nor Kalsum Mohd Isa; Zulkiflee Abdul Samad

    2014-01-01

    Planning process has a significant impact on the ability of a construction project to success. This is the stage where the detailed directions are given which would affect thewhole course of the project. The process is argued to be the most crucial stage which the principles of sustainability are integrated throughout the whole life of building. The purpose of this research was to investigate the Malaysian building project stakeholders’ perspectives on the most significant strategies to integ...

  9. Safety assessment and regulatory strategy for NPP I and C modernization projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    IPSN is the technical support for the French nuclear safety authority (DSIN), but also acts independently. Through our participation at this IAEA meeting we wish to further our appreciation of the industry position for I and C modernization projects. We will present some of the concerns of the safety assessor and safety authority for such projects. We hope to share our experiences and views concerning current strategies for I and C modernization and licensing from. In our experience with NPP I and C programmes, the need for modification is most often not directly linked to safety. For our safety assessment we have to identify clearly and, as far as possible, categorize the safety relevance of the specified modifications and all safety impact in its implementation. Modernization can be simply for reasons of replacement of obsolete existing equipment or it can be linked to functional evolutions; safety functions may be directly or indirectly affected. The state of the art I and C solutions proposed by today's modernization programs have many benefits, but also pose a certain number of difficulties for the safety demonstration. On the implementation side, the safety assessment for a modernization project has to take into consideration specific issues compared with that for new plant. These include interface and compatibility with the existing installation, issues relating to 'on line' installation and commissioning, as well as operational issues concerning the changeover and trail periods. A further subject for discussion concerns how our regulatory requirements apply to modernization. We must as a minima comply with the requirements of the period. To what measure must we apply current or future (under development or for future reactor designs) standards? How can we tie in with requirements and legislation for new projects? Do we make a special case for back-fits? (authors)

  10. Fabrication and erection of special building structures at the Rovno NPP third unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is described how works on fabrication and erection of special building structures in the reactor section, a special building and a stand-by diesel-generator station at the Rovno Unit-3 are organized

  11. Prioritising Project Scope Definition Elements in Public Building Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed K Fageha

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A complete definition of the scope of a project upfront during early stages ensures smooth and successful implementation during the project execution. This research identifies and prioritises project scope definition elements for public buildings in Saudi Arabia. Elements that could significantly contribute to complete project scope definition package at pre-project planning stage are identified and their interrelationship determined and prioritised. Using the Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI as a basis, the study uses analytical network process (ANP technique based on data obtained from project managers who have been involved in public sector projects in Saudi Arabia. Data collection and analysis was conducted in three steps. The first step involved identification of scope definition elements while the second involved an investigation into interrelationships among the elements. In the third step, ANP was used to determine the weight of the elements’ importance in terms of contribution to project scope definition completeness. Finally, Pareto analysis was used to prioritise and assess the distribution pattern of the elements. The outcome from this research is the prioritisation of project scope definition elements for public building projects in Saudi Arabia. The prioritised list developed indicates the importance of project scope definition elements. It should help project management teams identify elements to consider when evaluating project scope definition for completeness at the pre-project planning stage. Keywords: Project scope definition, pre-project planning, prioritising, public building projects, Saudi Arabia, Analytical Network Process (ANP

  12. Beta project: Some preliminary results of PSA level 2 for Unit 1 of Kalinin NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The goals of this project are: transferring methodology of PSA level 1 and 2 performance to GAN and support of Russian organizations and development of probabilistic model of the Kalinin NPP-1 WWER-1000. SAPHIRE 7.19 and MELCOR 1.8.5 software tools are used. The main PSA level 1 results, for example: transients - 33.8%, primary LOCAs inside containment (sump clogging and no sump clogging) - 41.2% and 19.0%, total CDF (Core Damage Frequency) for all initial event groups - 2.43x10-5 (including of ATWS (Anticipated Transient Without Scram) 3.24x10-5) ect. are presented. An example of PSA level 1 event tree and Plant Damage State (PDS) matrix are given. Specific design features for severe accident progress and used nodalization for MELCORE like in-vessel modeling, MCL modeling, secondary side modeling, containment modeling are listed and illustrated. The main results of MELCORE analysis (fraction of I release and fraction of Cs release) are also presented

  13. Seismic response analysis of a piping system subjected to multiple support excitations in a base isolated NPP building

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Surh, Han-Bum [School of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066 Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 989-111 Daedeok-daero, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of); Ryu, Tae-Young; Park, Jin-Sung [School of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066 Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Eun-Woo; Choi, Chul-Sun [Korea Electric Power Corporation Engineering & Construction Company, Inc., 2354 Yonggu-daero, Giheung-gu, Yongin 446-713 (Korea, Republic of); Koo, Ja Choon [School of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066 Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Jae-Boong [School of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066 Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066 Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Moon Ki, E-mail: mkkim@me.skku.ac.kr [School of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066 Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066 Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • Piping system in the APR 1400 NPP with a base isolation design is studied. • Seismic response of piping system in base isolated building are investigated. • Stress classification method is examined for piping subjected to seismic loading. • Primary stress of piping is reduced due to base isolation design. • Substantial secondary stress is observed in the main steam piping. - Abstract: In this study, the stress response of the piping system in the advanced power reactor 1400 (APR 1400) with a base isolation design subjected to seismic loading is addressed. The piping system located between the auxiliary building with base isolation and the turbine building with a fixed base is considered since it can be subjected to substantial relative support movement during seismic events. First, the support responses with respect to the base characteristic are investigated to perform seismic analysis for multiple support excitations. Finite element analyses are performed to predict the piping stress response through various analysis methods such as the response spectrum, seismic support movement and time history method. To separately evaluate the inertial effect and support movement effect on the piping stress, the stress is decomposed into a primary and secondary stress using the proposed method. Finally, influences of the base isolation design on the piping system in the APR 1400 are addressed. The primary stress based on the inertial loading is effectively reduced in a base isolation design, whereas a considerable amount of secondary stress is generated in the piping system connecting a base isolated building with a fixed base building. It is also confirmed that both the response spectrum analysis and seismic support movement analysis provide more conservative estimations of the piping stress compared to the time history analysis.

  14. Seismic response analysis of a piping system subjected to multiple support excitations in a base isolated NPP building

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Piping system in the APR 1400 NPP with a base isolation design is studied. • Seismic response of piping system in base isolated building are investigated. • Stress classification method is examined for piping subjected to seismic loading. • Primary stress of piping is reduced due to base isolation design. • Substantial secondary stress is observed in the main steam piping. - Abstract: In this study, the stress response of the piping system in the advanced power reactor 1400 (APR 1400) with a base isolation design subjected to seismic loading is addressed. The piping system located between the auxiliary building with base isolation and the turbine building with a fixed base is considered since it can be subjected to substantial relative support movement during seismic events. First, the support responses with respect to the base characteristic are investigated to perform seismic analysis for multiple support excitations. Finite element analyses are performed to predict the piping stress response through various analysis methods such as the response spectrum, seismic support movement and time history method. To separately evaluate the inertial effect and support movement effect on the piping stress, the stress is decomposed into a primary and secondary stress using the proposed method. Finally, influences of the base isolation design on the piping system in the APR 1400 are addressed. The primary stress based on the inertial loading is effectively reduced in a base isolation design, whereas a considerable amount of secondary stress is generated in the piping system connecting a base isolated building with a fixed base building. It is also confirmed that both the response spectrum analysis and seismic support movement analysis provide more conservative estimations of the piping stress compared to the time history analysis

  15. Experience of operation, design and improvement of projects for NPP with WWER-440 reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the article there are presented basic design and operation parameters of power supply units of WWER-440 reactors of different generation. There are being discussed requirements on safety providing, results of accident mode operation analysis and materials of safety technical substantiations. There are given major direction of study conducted to substantiate design improvement and peculiarities of new generation of NPP with WWER-440. There are given main technical and economic factors necessary to evaluate efficiency of NPP with WWER-440

  16. Solar Optics: Projecting Light into Buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, David; Eijadi, David A.

    1980-01-01

    A comprehensive demonstration project currently being developed at the civil mineral engineering (C/ME) building at the University of Minnesota includes the application of solar optics as a demonstration of the potential for bringing natural light deep into the interior of buildings. (Author/MLF)

  17. Ageing management review in the frame of the long term operation project of the NPP Borssele

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nuclear Power Plant Borssele (Kerncentrale Borssele, KCB) plans to extend its operating life beyond the current end of life to 60 years, until 2034. Government agreement for this life extension was obtained in 2006, when the Borssele covenant between the owners and the government was made. This agreement will make it possible for KCB to realize Long-Term Operation (LTO) for the additional 20 years. To achieve LTO the following conditions have to be complied with: - Safe operation has to be demonstrated; - A license prolongation will have to be issued for LTO. In order to meet these requirements N.V. Elektriciteits-Productiemaatschappij Zuid- Nederland (EPZ) has started the assessment project LTO 'bewijsvoering' (LTO 'Justification' - LTO-B). The LTO-B process consists of three phases: - Phase prior to LTO assessment (LTO-B Phase I); - Phase LTO assessment (LTO-B Phase II); - Phase LTO approval and implementation (LTO-B Phase III). More details on the LTO-B project will be presented by Frederic Blom from NRG in another presentation at KTG 2011 - 'HOW TO DEMONSTRATE SAFE LONG TERM OPERATION? NPP BORSSELE EXPERIENCE'. Therein the overall concept for the life time extension of KCB and all three phases of the LTO-B will be described. This includes e.g. a feasibility study and the verification of preconditions in Phase I, details of Phase II, that are not part of the Ageing Management Review and an outlook on Phase III, the license application and the implementation of commitments for LTO in the power plant. (orig.)

  18. The comprehensive I and C modernization project ANIS+ of the Swiss NPP Leibstadt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Swiss Nuclear Electricity Production consists of four sites with a total of 5 Reactors. Together they have a capacity of 3220 MW and cover 40% of the total Swiss Electricity production. Leibstadt is the first Swiss NPP which started a comprehensive modernization project of all process related I and C-equipment in regard of an intended operation at least until 2045. The project will take about 15 years since the stepwise implementation will be only possible during the scheduled outages. The first modernization step, the replacement of most of the former stand alone process computers including the Safety Parameter Display System SPDS by a common platform was finished in this year's outage with a delay of 2 years over the original target line. The project is rated as category C according IEC 61226 by the Swiss nuclear authority (V and V requirements). This first step is at the beginning an integrated plant information system for monitoring only, but it forms already the operating and monitoring level of the future integrated Process Control System (PCS) for operational- as well as safety-I and C, fully based on digital technology. With each of the upcoming further modernization steps, parts of the process level will be added to the digital system by replacing the existing analog equipment for signal interrogation, component control (on-off as well as modulating control) and automatic functions like sequencer or switch over functions. Today's I and C equipment comprises more than 20 different systems from different suppliers, but mostly based on a common cabling- and connection concept and homogenous operating and signalization concept. The structure of the existing I and C-systems in the main plant is mostly according to I and C-functions and not according to process functions, which was a benefit during the original design and construction but has some disadvantages in regard of modifications or addition of new features and for the modernization. In the auxiliary

  19. The seismic response and floor spectra of OL3 NPP buildings in Finland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the present work is the computation of seismic response and floor spectra of the nuclear power plant OL3 buildings in Olkiluoto. The following OL3 plant buildings were included in the analysis: 1. the Reactor Building UJA/UJB; 2. the Safeguard Buildings UJH/UJK 1-4; 3. and the Fuel Building UFA The in-structure spectra were generated using the ground motion response spectra documented in YVL GUIDE 2.6 'Seismic events at nuclear power plants' issued by Finnish Centre of Radiation Protection. The floor spectra were computed for the following equipment damping values: 2%, 4%, 7%, and 10%. The joint model for the plant buildings was generated. All analyses were linear and the direct time integration method was used with time step of 0.001 sec. All response runs were carried out with MSC/Nastran general purpose structural analysis program. The development of floor spectra has been carried out in accordance with the US NRC -Regulatory Guide 1.122: 'Development of Floor Design Response Spectra for Seismic Design of Floor-Supported Equipment or Components'. The response results show that the dominant frequencies of the reactor building are located around 5 Hz in frequency space and that the typical amplification of spectral peaks for 4% damping is from 8 -10 times when compared to peak ground acceleration. (authors)

  20. The basis for project and erection process at Kakrapar NPP (India)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The organization of construction and erection basis at the Kakrapar NPP, which is located at the distance of 1-2 km from the NPP construction site and is included into it, is briefly described. The general area of the Kakrapar NPP construction and erection basis is approximetely equal to 60 ha, at that the area of all enclosed compartments being at the disposal of both contractors and customers, is not bigger than 30 ha. This includes temporary industrial workshops, invetories, administrative and sanitary compartments. Besides, the testing field for prefabricated reinforced concrete element fabrication (the elements of cooling tower sprinkler, in particular) and stone crushing equipment for different-fraction crushed rock manufacturing (and sand patially)

  1. Review of the main issues connected with the Belene NPP project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The basic seismic studies connected with the construction of the second NPP in Bulgaria are outlined. The site selected for this plant is located on the right bank of the Donau River, near the Belene town. The seismicity of the site is investigated by the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS) and Energoproject Ltd., Sofia, and assessed by IAEA, Siemens, EQE and Westinghouse experts. The suggested coefficient for maximum seismic acceleration of 0.24 g takes into account the safety of the site, structures and equipment of the NPP. The conclusion made is that from seismic point of view the site is not hazardous. Construction works started in 1987 and were stopped in 1990 due to financial and socio-ecological reasons. The author's opinion is that the construction of the Belene NPP has no alternative and should be completed providing higher safety and reliability of the plant operation

  2. Analysis of Alternatives for Dismantling of the Equipment in Building 117/1 at Ignalina NPP - 13278

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poskas, Povilas; Simonis, Audrius [Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas (Lithuania); Poskas, Gintautas [Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas (Lithuania); Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas (Lithuania)

    2013-07-01

    Ignalina NPP was operating two RBMK-1500 reactors which are under decommissioning now. In this paper dismantling alternatives of the equipment in Building 117/1 are analyzed. After situation analysis and collection of the primary information related to components' physical and radiological characteristics, location and other data, two different alternatives for dismantling of the equipment are formulated - the first (A1), when major components (vessels and pipes of Emergency Core Cooling System - ECCS) are segmented/halved in situ using flame cutting (oxy-acetylene) and the second one (A2), when these components are segmented/halved at the workshop using CAMC (Contact Arc Metal Cutting) technique. To select the preferable alternative MCDA method - AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) is applied. Hierarchical list of decision criteria, necessary for assessment of alternatives performance, are formulated. Quantitative decision criteria values for these alternatives are calculated using software DECRAD, which was developed by Lithuanian Energy Institute Nuclear engineering laboratory. While qualitative decision criteria are evaluated using expert judgment. Analysis results show that alternative A1 is better than alternative A2. (authors)

  3. MORE - Management of requirements in NPP modernisation projects. Project report 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the report is to document the work and related activities in the period January 1 December 31 in 2006, including dissemination activities. The work in this period has been concentrated on further research for adopting an approach for dependable requirements engineering and its supporting tool. The majority of the efforts in 2006, however, was spent on making the researchers, developers, utilities and licensees more aware of the importance of the area of requirements engineering, and in that respect organising an international seminar on dependable requirements engineering. This seminar was defined as a deliverable in the Activity Plan for 2006 and became also the most important deliverable for 2006. Therefore, this report naturally features a detailed summary of the seminar, which proved to be a true success and at the same time a door opener for more initiatives within the topic, proposed by several participants. More efforts within dissemination of the background and objectives of the project MORE within the nuclear community and towards NPPs that do carry out modernisation projects continued to be one important focus. (au)

  4. MORE - Management of requirements in NPP modernisation projects. Project report 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thunem, A.P.J.; Thunem, H.P.J. [IFE (Norway); Valkonen, J. [VTT (Finland)

    2007-02-15

    The purpose of the report is to document the work and related activities in the period January 1 December 31 in 2006, including dissemination activities. The work in this period has been concentrated on further research for adopting an approach for dependable requirements engineering and its supporting tool. The majority of the efforts in 2006, however, was spent on making the researchers, developers, utilities and licensees more aware of the importance of the area of requirements engineering, and in that respect organising an international seminar on dependable requirements engineering. This seminar was defined as a deliverable in the Activity Plan for 2006 and became also the most important deliverable for 2006. Therefore, this report naturally features a detailed summary of the seminar, which proved to be a true success and at the same time a door opener for more initiatives within the topic, proposed by several participants. More efforts within dissemination of the background and objectives of the project MORE within the nuclear community and towards NPPs that do carry out modernisation projects continued to be one important focus. (au)

  5. BUILDING SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN: A RENOVATION PROJECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan ÜNALAN,

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Today, the conservation of energy and respect for the natural environment appears to be the most important phenomena in all areas. In this regard, "sustainability" concept emerged and the architectural platform "Sustainable Architecture" is composed of a research subject to the new and permanent. Architecture underlying the "design" as including also the new concept of "sustainable architectural design" has revealed that field. Sustainable architecture "building in-house", "building envelope" and "physical environment" as shown in three different areas of development. Each consisting of three fields that directly affect andconcern. Sustainable architectural design within the scope of this study, "Building Envelope" developments will be discussed. In this context, building envelope, "the new building design" and "existingstructures" as appeared in two different ways. Existing structures, building envelope, sustainable architectural design in the literature in terms of "renovation" is considered within the scope. In terms of energy efficiency and performance (as Energy Performance of Buildings [BEP] with the energy policies of the various measures are being taken to reduce the energy consumption of the new building design. Not been received, but no measures in existing buildings (apartment buildings until 2012, except for heat insulation Remodeling obligation, energy consumption has remained constant. Therefore, the energy consumption of buildings on a sectoral basis is changing in the range 36-25% share of the portion of (Anonim 2011, but can not be reduced. In addition, operating costs of existing buildings and to reduce reliance on energy-environment systems (except for collectors used is noteworthy. In this study the appropriate design of sustainable architecture, renewable energy systems can be integrated into the shell structure will be investigated. In this context, a renovation project of the Department of Architecture at Anadolu

  6. Delay in the realization of the 'Belene NPP' project in the Republic of Bulgaria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 'Belene' site is located in the Svishtov-Belene valley at the bank of the Danube river - at the 571 kilometre - across the Belene island - the largest island in the Danube river. The site is located directly on the river bank, at a distance of 7.5km from the Romanian border. According to the Bulgarian map of seismic regions, the site is part of a region with seismic intensity of grade 8 according to the MSK-64 scale, with a factor Kc 0.15. By the end of 1981 and beginning of 1982 Energoproekt prepared documents for engineering assimilation of the site.The utilisation began in 1982 with elevation of the site level, outside communications and consequent establishment of construction and engineering facilities. In 1982 Energoproekt-Sofia prepared a set of technical and economic documents for the construction of 'Belene' NPP. The documents were reviewed, updated and finally approved in October 1987. The Technical Design for the capital civil engineering works on the site was prepared in 1987 by AEP-Kiev and Energoproekt-Sofia. The capital (basic) civil engineering works started in 1987 - based on the Technical Design, with parallel preparation of first stage Construction Drawings. Active construction works on the plant site took place in 1988 - 1990. In May 1990 the construction activities were restricted due to financial problems, according to a Decision of the Bureau of the Council of Ministers. In 1990 a group of intellectuals stated their doubts about the perfection of the design and the characteristic features of the site. In the middle of 1991 the construction works on the plant site were practically terminated without any official decision, except for the decision of the Council of Ministers for overcoming of the problems, caused by the termination of the plant construction. The successful activities, performed in order to solve the main problems include: seismic analyses, radiological impact assessment, hydrology and water supply assessment. Unsuccessful

  7. Development of degradation D/B system for the containment building of NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Degradation D/B System is developed for digitalizing the history of the Containment building of nuclear power plant. It have 6 D/B which are consist of General, Design drawing, Material, Construction, ISI·SIT·ILRT D/B. For efficient operation of the system, utilities are also developed such as the aging and repair data management program for concrete and steel structures, the data search engine with various options helping users find what they want, and the data exchange program restoring and updating input data

  8. Response of the main building, Paks NPP (Hungary) to explosion input motion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose is to do dynamic analysis of the main building and to assess the response of the structure to the explosion ground motion and finally to compare the analytical results with the recorded motion at preliminary selected points in the structure. In this report the following are shortly discussed: soil and structure modelling, analytical results and the comparisons with the measured response in terms of acceleration response spectra at two locations of the reactor structure, i.e. at the base foundation and at the main service floor at elevation 18.15 m. (author)

  9. The large projects at Kozloduy NPP - with focus on long term operation and ageing management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kozloduy NPP p.l.c. is a single-owner joint-stock company with 100% of its shares held by the state. The Company was granted a license the State Energy Regulatory Committee for generation of electric power and heat. The share of output of Kozloduy NPP in the total generated power in Bulgaria in 2006 was 42.2%. All of us witness the rate at which the situation in the local and regional energy markets changes. The challenges faced by the energy industry increase as Bulgaria prepares to join the free electricity market in Europe. That joining implies compliance with the strict EU requirements for safe power generation meeting all environmental protection conditions and based on the energy efficiency principles. To be sure, that process requires serious investments. However, we believe that it is the only alternative in the long term that can assure our success in the energy context of Bulgaria and Europe

  10. Building envelope for New Buildings and Energy Renovation of Existing Buildings. Project results

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rudbeck, Claus Christian; Rose, Jørgen; Esbensen, Peter Kjær; Svendsen, Sv Aa Højgaard

    1999-01-01

    facts, a group of scientists at the Department of Buildings and Energy, Technical University of Denmark, have started a research project to develop better solutions for new building and energy renovation.The publication report the status after the first 3 year of the Building Envelope Project with......At the energy conference in 1995, Denmark agreed on reducing the total CO2-emission by 20%. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to increase thermal insulation thickness both in new and retrofitted buildings.This will, for both cases, impose a series of building physics problems, as the knowledge...... emphasis on the following subjects:Scientific basis for calculation programs, Development of calculationsmethods for heat transfer, Development of new building envelope components, Roofing system based on wooden roof elements, Roofing system with drying properties, Moisture uptake and drying from brick...

  11. The decommissioning NPP A-1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Project of decommissioning NPP A-1 is split into 4 main groups of tasks. Tasks in group 1 are focused on the solution of selected problems that have immediate impact on the environment. It is mainly the solution of problems in the building of cleaning station of wastage water and in the building with underground storage tanks for wastage water and solid radwaste, including the prevention of wash-out and penetration of contaminated soil from these buildings into surface and underground waters. A part of addressing these tasks is a controlled of generated radwaste-predominatly sludge with various physical and chemical properties. Tasks in group 2- following the removal of spent fuel-are focused on the management of all radwaste in the long-term storage facility, in the short-term storage facility, equipment of transport and technology part, equipment in hot cells. Tasks in group 3 are focused on development of technology procedures for treatment and conditioning of sludge, contaminated soils and concrete crush, saturated ionexes and ash from incineration facility of the Bohunice radwaste treatment and conditioning complex. Tasks in group 4 are focused on the methodology. And technical support for particular activities applicable during decommissioning NPP

  12. Project Management Unit for decommissioning of NPP Bohunice VI (2003-2014); Project Management Unit para el desmantelamiento de CN Bohunice V1 (2003-2014)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez Fernandez-conde, A.; Brochet, I.; Ferreira, A.

    2015-07-01

    From October 2003 until december 2014 the Consortium consisting of Iberdrola Engineering and Construction (leader). Empresarios Agrupados Internacional, and Indra Sistemas has carried out the project Project Management Unit ((PMU) for the decommissioning of Bohunice V1 NPP (units 1 and 2), type VVER-440/V-230 in Slovakia. during the first phase (2003-2007) EdF was also part of the Consortium. The project is funded by the Bohunice International Decommissioning Support Fund (BIDSF) administered by the RBRD. The main objective of the project is to provide the necessary engineering and resources of project management for planning, execution, management, coordination and monitoring of all tasks in support of the decommissioning. (Author)

  13. Burnup credit methodology in the NPP Krzko spent fuel pool reracking project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    NPP Krzko is going to increase the capacity of the spent fuel storage pool by replacement of the existing racks with high-density racks. The design, rack manufacturing and installation has been awarded to the Framatome ANP GmbH. Burnup credit methodology, which has been already approved by the Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration in previous licensing of existing racks, will be again implemented in the licensing process with the recent methodology improvements. Specific steps of the criticality analysis and representative results are presented in the paper showing also the current national practice of the burnup credit implementation. (author)

  14. The large projects at Kozloduy NPP - with focus on long time operation and ageing management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kozloduy NPP p.l.c. is a single-owner joint-stock company with 100% of its shares held by the state. The Company was granted a license the State Energy Regulatory Committee for generation of electric power and heat. There are six power generation units on the plant site, with total installed capacity 3760 MW, equipped with pressurized-water reactors and a spent fuel storage facility. The first four power units with VVER-440 Model B-230 reactors were built and commissioned in 1970-1982, and Units 5 and 6 with VVER-1000 Model B-320 reactors - in 1987-1991. By a decision of the Government Units 1 and 2 were shutdown and disconnected from the Electric Power System (EPS) on 31.12.2002 and brought into Status 'E' in conformity with the operation process regulations. By a decision of the Government Units 3 and 4 were shutdown and disconnected from the Electric Power System (EPS) on 31.12.2006 and also brought into Status 'E' . The share of output of Kozloduy NPP in the total generated power in Bulgaria in 2006 was 42.2%.

  15. Design of the connection pieces between concrete and valves of the cooling water system in the Angra I NPP turbine building

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work describes the design characteristics of the Transition Pieces between concrete galleries and valves of the Cooling Water System of the Turbine Building of the Angra NPP-Unit I. Design details concerning the structure and procedures for the structural analysis are presented. It is emphasized that the usual simplified design rules for the flange and bolts can not be used in the case of non existent polar symmetry for the structure and applied loads. A more sophisticated design based on finite elements models is required in these cases. (author)

  16. Building information models for astronomy projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariño, Javier; Murga, Gaizka; Campo, Ramón; Eletxigerra, Iñigo; Ampuero, Pedro

    2012-09-01

    A Building Information Model is a digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a building. BIMs represent the geometrical characteristics of the Building, but also properties like bills of quantities, definition of COTS components, status of material in the different stages of the project, project economic data, etc. The BIM methodology, which is well established in the Architecture Engineering and Construction (AEC) domain for conventional buildings, has been brought one step forward in its application for Astronomical/Scientific facilities. In these facilities steel/concrete structures have high dynamic and seismic requirements, M&E installations are complex and there is a large amount of special equipment and mechanisms involved as a fundamental part of the facility. The detail design definition is typically implemented by different design teams in specialized design software packages. In order to allow the coordinated work of different engineering teams, the overall model, and its associated engineering database, is progressively integrated using a coordination and roaming software which can be used before starting construction phase for checking interferences, planning the construction sequence, studying maintenance operation, reporting to the project office, etc. This integrated design & construction approach will allow to efficiently plan construction sequence (4D). This is a powerful tool to study and analyze in detail alternative construction sequences and ideally coordinate the work of different construction teams. In addition engineering, construction and operational database can be linked to the virtual model (6D), what gives to the end users a invaluable tool for the lifecycle management, as all the facility information can be easily accessed, added or replaced. This paper presents the BIM methodology as implemented by IDOM with the E-ELT and ATST Enclosures as application examples.

  17. Building Software, Building Community: Lessons from the Ropensci Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boettiger, C.

    2014-12-01

    rOpenSci is a developer collective originally formed in 2011 by graduate students and post-docs from ecology and evolutionary biology to collaborate on building software tools to facilitate a more open and synthetic approach in the face of transformative rise of large and heterogeneous data. Born on the internet (the collective only began through chance discussions over social media), we have grown into a widely recognized effort that supports an ecosystem of some 45software packages, engages scores of collaborators, has taught dozens of workshops around the world, and has secured over $480,000 in grant support. As young scientists working in an academic context largely without direct support for our efforts, we have first hand experience with most of the the technical and social challenges in developing sustainable scientific software. I will summarize our experiences, the challenges we have faced, and describe our approach and success in building an effective and diverse community around the rOpenSci project.

  18. Evaluation of Armenian NPP main structures dynamic characteristics according to experimental data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It was envisaged and performed a complex observations for determination of main structures dynamic characteristics and assessment of ground-structure interaction while dynamic influences (explosions, micro oscillations), within the project of Seismic Conditions Additional Studies or Armenian NPP, in connection with NPP recommissioning Experimental factual materials obtained make a basis for coming to several interesting conclusions on dynamic characteristics of NPP main building and of turbo generators foundations, as well as on interaction level of ground-structure system. (author). 1 ref., 2 figs., 1 tab

  19. Evaluation of Armenian NPP main structures dynamic characteristics according to experimental data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arakelian, F.; Pogosian, H.; Pirouzian, S. [Armenergyseismicprojects Inst., Yerevan (Armenia)

    1995-12-31

    It was envisaged and performed a complex observations for determination of main structures dynamic characteristics and assessment of ground-structure interaction while dynamic influences (explosions, micro oscillations), within the project of Seismic Conditions Additional Studies or Armenian NPP, in connection with NPP recommissioning Experimental factual materials obtained make a basis for coming to several interesting conclusions on dynamic characteristics of NPP main building and of turbo generators foundations, as well as on interaction level of ground-structure system. (author). 1 ref., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  20. A Radiological Survey Approach to Use Prior to Decommissioning: Results from a Technology Scanning and Assessment Project Focused on the Chornobyl NPP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milchikov, A.; Hund, G.; Davidko, M.

    1999-10-20

    The primary objectives of this project are to learn how to plan and execute the Technology Scanning and Assessment (TSA) approach by conducting a project and to be able to provide the approach as a capability to the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) and potentially elsewhere. A secondary objective is to learn specifics about decommissioning and in particular about radiological surveying to be performed prior to decommissioning to help ChNPP decision makers. TSA is a multi-faceted capability that monitors and analyzes scientific, technical, regulatory, and business factors and trends for decision makers and company leaders. It is a management tool where information is systematically gathered, analyzed, and used in business planning and decision making. It helps managers by organizing the flow of critical information and provides managers with information they can act upon. The focus of this TSA project is on radiological surveying with the target being ChNPP's Unit 1. This reactor was stopped on November 30, 1996. At this time, Ukraine failed to have a regulatory basis to provide guidelines for nuclear site decommissioning. This situation has not changed as of today. A number of documents have been prepared to become a basis for a combined study of the ChNPP Unit 1 from the engineering and radiological perspectives. The results of such a study are expected to be used when a detailed decommissioning plan is created.

  1. A Radiological Survey Approach to Use Prior to Decommissioning: Results from a Technology Scanning and Assessment Project Focused on the Chernobyl NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The primary objectives of this project are to learn how to plan and execute the Technology Scanning and Assessment (TSA) approach by conducting a project and to be able to provide the approach as a capability to the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) and potentially elsewhere. A secondary objective is to learn specifics about decommissioning and in particular about radiological surveying to be performed prior to decommissioning to help ChNPP decision makers. TSA is a multi-faceted capability that monitors and analyzes scientific, technical, regulatory, and business factors and trends for decision makers and company leaders. It is a management tool where information is systematically gathered, analyzed, and used in business planning and decision making. It helps managers by organizing the flow of critical information and provides managers with information they can act upon. The focus of this TSA project is on radiological surveying with the target being ChNPP's Unit 1. This reactor was stopped on November 30, 1996. At this time, Ukraine failed to have a regulatory basis to provide guidelines for nuclear site decommissioning. This situation has not changed as of today. A number of documents have been prepared to become a basis for a combined study of the ChNPP Unit 1 from the engineering and radiological perspectives. The results of such a study are expected to be used when a detailed decommissioning plan is created

  2. Modelling of risk in the building projects

    OpenAIRE

    Dariusz Skorupka

    2006-01-01

    The paper is concerned with the process of risk modelling in the building projects. Using a model of real object is one of the features of the present research works. In some cases, that method is necessary to carry out some forms of experiments. A model is a copy of reality. Modelling enables automation of the various processes and research of unlimited set of objects. Moreover, formal depiction of reality creates conditions for carrying out broad studies of a given problem and reduces the c...

  3. The comparative analysis of safety and economic competitiveness of the advanced high-power reactor projects of NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The comparative analysis results of the safety and economic competitiveness of the seven advanced large sized reactors projects (900 MW and more) are submitted in that report: EPR, Frameatome France, Siemens Germany; EP-1000 Westinghouse, USA and Genesi Italy; Candu 9, Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd; System 80 +, ABB, USA; KNGR, group NSSS Engineering and Development, Korea Power Engineering Company, Inc; APWR, Electric Power company, Japan Atomic Power Company, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Westinghouse Electric; and WWER-1000 (V-392), Atomenergoproject/Gidropress Russian Federation. According to the economic competitiveness of listed compared power reactors the 14 criteria of safety have been accepted. These criteria: 1. Features of the barrier system of 'defence-in-depth'. 2. The self-security of a reactor under increase of power and reactivity of a reactor, decrease of the expense and phase transformations of the reactor core coolant (presence of negative feedbacks). 3. Presence of the reactor shutdown systems responding principles of a variety, independence and reservation. Presence of the passive means of initiation and operation of the emergency protection. 4. The emergency cooling of the core of reactor. A presence of the passive means of cooling. Presence of the water reservation for the water supply of the different safety systems. 5. The emergency electrical supply, its reliability and degree of reservation. 6. The prevention measures of the heavy accident with the melt core. The decrease of the heavy accident probability. 7. The account of the heavy accident under development of the levels of protection. 8. The protection levels of NPP, the technological criteria of efficiency of the each safety barriers and the limiting radiation criteria for the each level of protection , in particular for the design-basis and beyond-design-basis accidents. 9. The measures for reduction of the heavy accident consequences. The management by the beyond

  4. Systems and Services for Real-Time Web Access to NPP Data Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Global Science & Technology, Inc. (GST) proposes to build a scalable, adaptable, and interoperable information processing and delivery infrastructure that will...

  5. Nuclear new build: Financing and project management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As there are more nuclear power reactors under construction today than at any time in history, the authors present in a first part an economic and financial analysis comparing the respective exposure of gas-fired and nuclear power generation to electricity price uncertainty and examine the option of leaving the market in the case of a permanent fall in electricity prices. In a second part, the study more specifically addresses the financial risk associated with the development of a new nuclear project, taking into account not only uncertainty about the future evolution of prices but also about the cost of construction and operations, as well as the implications of different ratios of fixed cost to variable cost for bondholders and equity investors. The authors then address the issue of the management of new build projects and their supply chains, as the nuclear industry is undergoing a number of important developments with massive and discontinuous technological changes that are underway as generation II nuclear power plants (NPPs) are substituted by larger and more complex generation III/III+ plants. The loss of skill and human capital as engineers of the nuclear building boom of the 1970's and 1980's retire must also be factored in, as well as the reconfiguration of the global supply chain, which is driven both by new possibilities in data management, externalisation and logistics, and a secular shift of activity from the United States, Japan, Europe and Korea to China, Southeast Asia and the Middle East

  6. Selection Methodology Approach to Preferable and Alternative Sites for the First NPP Project in Yemen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this paper is to briefly present the methodology and results of the first siting study for the first nuclear power plant (NPP) in Yemen. In this study it has been demonstrated that there are suitable sites for specific unit/units power of 1000 MWt (about 300 MWe) nuclear power plant. To perform the site selection, a systematic selection method was developed. The method uses site-specific data gathered by literature review and expert judgement to identify the most important site selection criteria. A two-step site selection process was used. Candidate sites were chosen that meet a subset of the selection criteria that form the most important system constraints. These candidate sites were then evaluated against the full set of selection criteria using the Analytical Hierarchy Process Method (AHP). Candidate sites underwent a set of more specific siting criteria weighted by expert judgment to select preferable sites and alternatives using AHP method again. Expert Judgment method was used to rank and weight the importance of each criteria, then AHP method used to evaluate and weight the relation between criterion to criterion and between all criteria against the global weight. Then logical decision software was used to rank sites upon their weighting value

  7. Selection Methodology Approach to Preferable and Alternative Sites for the First NPP Project in Yemen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kassim, Moath [Kyunghe Univ., Yongin (Korea, Republic of); Kessel, David S. [KEPCO International Nuclear Graduate School, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    The purpose of this paper is to briefly present the methodology and results of the first siting study for the first nuclear power plant (NPP) in Yemen. In this study it has been demonstrated that there are suitable sites for specific unit/units power of 1000 MWt (about 300 MWe) nuclear power plant. To perform the site selection, a systematic selection method was developed. The method uses site-specific data gathered by literature review and expert judgement to identify the most important site selection criteria. A two-step site selection process was used. Candidate sites were chosen that meet a subset of the selection criteria that form the most important system constraints. These candidate sites were then evaluated against the full set of selection criteria using the Analytical Hierarchy Process Method (AHP). Candidate sites underwent a set of more specific siting criteria weighted by expert judgment to select preferable sites and alternatives using AHP method again. Expert Judgment method was used to rank and weight the importance of each criteria, then AHP method used to evaluate and weight the relation between criterion to criterion and between all criteria against the global weight. Then logical decision software was used to rank sites upon their weighting value.

  8. A Team Building Model for Software Engineering Courses Term Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Yasar Guneri

    2011-01-01

    This paper proposes a new model for team building, which enables teachers to build coherent teams rapidly and fairly for the term projects of software engineering courses. Moreover, the model can also be used to build teams for any type of project, if the team member candidates are students, or if they are inexperienced on a certain subject. The…

  9. Delays in Building Construction Projects in Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adwoa B Agyakwah-Baah

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the causes of delay of building construction projects in Ghana to determine the most important according to the key project participants; clients, consultants, and contractors. Thirty-two possible causes of delay were identified from the literature and semi-structured interviews of 15 key players in the implementation process. These delay factors were further categorised into nine major groups. The list of delay causes was subjected to a questionnaire survey for the identification of the most important causes of delay. The field survey included 130 respondents made up of 39 contractors, 37 clients and 54 consultants. The relative importance of the individual causes and the groups were calculated and ranked by their relative importance index. The overall results of the study indicate that the respondents generally agree that financial group factors ranked highest among the major factors causing delay in construction projects in Ghana. The financial group factors were delay in honouring payment certificates, difficulty in accessing credit and fluctuation in prices. Materials group factors are second followed by scheduling and controlling factors.

  10. Colorado Better Buildings Project Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strife, Susie; Yancey, Lea

    2013-12-30

    The Colorado Better Buildings project intended to bring new and existing energy efficiency model programs to market with regional collaboration and funding partnerships. The goals for Boulder County and its program partners were to advance energy efficiency investments, stimulate economic growth in Colorado and advance the state’s energy independence. Collectively, three counties set out to complete 9,025 energy efficiency upgrades in 2.5 years and they succeeded in doing so. Energy efficiency upgrades have been completed in more than 11,000 homes and businesses in these communities. Boulder County and its partners received a $25 million BetterBuildings grant from the U.S. Department of Energy under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in the summer of 2010. This was also known as the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants program. With this funding, Boulder County, the City and County of Denver, and Garfield County set out to design programs for the residential and commercial sectors to overcome key barriers in the energy upgrade process. Since January 2011, these communities have paired homeowners and business owners with an Energy Advisor – an expert to help move from assessment to upgrade with minimal hassle. Pairing this step-by-step assistance with financing incentives has effectively addressed many key barriers, resulting in energy efficiency improvements and happy customers. An expert energy advisor guides the building owner through every step of the process, coordinating the energy assessment, interpreting results for a customized action plan, providing a list of contractors, and finding and applying for all available rebates and low-interest loans. In addition to the expert advising and financial incentives, the programs also included elements of social marketing, technical assistance, workforce development and contractor trainings, project monitoring and verification, and a cloud-based customer data system to coordinate among field

  11. Application of blowless exhaust light and aeration panels for TPP and NPP main buildings with skylightless roof

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experience of operation of exhaust light and aeration panels with V- like vertical flaps for ntural air removal in turbine halls of NPP with WWER-1000 was anayzed. The panels differ from the known domestic and foreign ones by protection of aeration exhaust openings from wind and atmospheric precipitations. Blowlessness of the openings, as experimnts with smoked air flows showed, is explained by the fact that the region of high pressure forms in flap corbers, and the air flows along flap planes to unprotected part of the panels

  12. Lessons Learned in Building the Ares Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumrall, John Phil

    2010-01-01

    Since being established in 2005, the Ares Projects at Marshall Space Flight Center have been making steady progress designing, building, testing, and flying the next generation of exploration launch vehicles. Ares is committed to rebuilding crucial capabilities from the Apollo era that made the first human flights to the Moon possible, as well as incorporating the latest in computer technology and changes in management philosophy. One example of an Apollo-era practice has been giving NASA overall authority over vehicle integration activities, giving civil service engineers hands-on experience in developing rocket hardware. This knowledge and experience help make the agency a "smart buyer" of products and services. More modern practices have been added to the management tool belt to improve efficiency, cost effectiveness, and institutional knowledge, including knowledge management/capture to gain better insight into design and decision making; earned value management, where Ares won a NASA award for its practice and implementation; designing for operability; and Lean Six Sigma applications to identify and eliminate wasted time and effort. While it is important to learn technical lessons like how to fly and control unique rockets like the Ares I-X flight test vehicle, the Ares management team also has been learning important lessons about how to manage large, long-term projects.

  13. Building Newcomer Competence for NPP Safety Assessment through Learning by Doing: Development of Level 1 Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Research Reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Final remarks: • COMPASS-M project is a very fruitful study. 1. State-of-the-art competence for PSA technique in Malaysia (applicable to nuclear installations, incl. RR and NPP). 2. PSA model and report for the operating research reactor in Malaysia. → Risk estimate of core damage and ranking contributors to the risk; → Basis for further safety improvement of RR as appropriate. 3. Input for IAEA’s publications on PSA for research reactors. • The results will be available to interested Member States (security considerations be addressed); → Completion in mid-2014, paper to be published in PSAM-12; ► Managerial support is instrumental for success of learning-by-doing projects

  14. Experiences in the implementation of the Coaching project in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-L V)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document has the purpose of to share acquired experiences during the implementation of the Coaching project focused the training of supervisors and directive personnel of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-L V). Derived of the improvement areas identified by the supervisor organization of the nuclear power stations WANO (World Association Nuclear of Operators) and of the auto-evaluations realized by the expert personnel of the same power station that based on external experiences carried out through the Benchmarking (comparison with other power stations) they have reflected the necessity to activate a training process in Coaching with a practical focus toward the directive and supervisor personnel in the power station. By means of the observation of the personnel's acting so much in the control rooms like in different areas, three focus areas have been identified for the training in Coaching, these are the personnel's motivation, the organizational communication so much in vertical form as horizontal and the perception of confidence lack among directive, supervisors, operators and technicians. The plan focused in the abilities training of Coaching with practical sense was development, supported with an evaluation of 360 grades as tool of competitions development through a computer application e-Coaching. The use of application and Coaching following techniques facilitated the conformation of the practical focus, same that are of continuous use starting from the training of the supervisor and directive personnel. (Author)

  15. The comparative analysis of safety and economic competitiveness of the advanced medium sized reactor projects of NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In spite of the fact that medium sized reactors are less economic favourable in comparison to large sized reactors, they have a greater safety, low capital investments, shorter terms of construction, relative constructive simplicity, are well combined with rather small electrical distributive systems. For power of Kazakhstan these circumstances are important. The comparative analysis results of the safety and economic competitiveness of the seven advanced medium sized reactors projects (100-700 MW) are submitted in that report: WWER-640 (V-407), Atomenergoproject/Gidropress Russian Federation; Candu 6, Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd; AC-600, China National Nuclear Corporation, China; AP600, Westinghouse, USA; HSBWR, Hitachi, Japan; MS-600, Mitsubishi, Japan; SBWR, General Electric, USA. According to the economic competitiveness of listed compared power reactors the 14 criteria of safety have been accepted. These criteria: 1. Features of the barrier system of 'defence-in-depth'. 2. The self-security of a reactor under increase of power and reactivity of a reactor, decrease of the expense and phase transformations of the reactor core coolant (presence of negative feedbacks). 3. Presence of the reactor shutdown systems responding principles of a variety, independence and reservation. Presence of the passive means of initiation and operation of the emergency protection. 4. The emergency cooling of the core of reactor. A presence of the passive means of cooling. Presence of the water reservation for the water supply of the different safety systems. 5. The emergency electrical supply, its reliability and degree of reservation. 6. The prevention measures of the heavy accident with the melt core. The decrease of the heavy accident probability. 7. The account of the heavy accident under development of the levels of protection. 8. The protection levels of NPP, the technological criteria of efficiency of the each safety barriers and the limiting radiation criteria for the each

  16. NPP Prevlaka - Preparation of construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On the basis of study 'Optimal electricity generation structure till the year 2000' production of 3 x 500 MWe in nuclear power plants has been anticipated. Second Croatian-Slovenian NPP project will be based on the same principles the first one (NPP Krsko) was based on. Preconstruction investigation studies are performed at site Prevlaka on river Sava downstream of Zagreb. Licensing procedure has started with republic Urban countryside planning activities. Preconstruction activities are planned to be finished by the end of 1986. while the construction is expected to start during 1987. Parallel to investigation studies for NPP Prevlaka, evaluation of nuclear technology and reactor type is planned to be made. (author)

  17. Continuous Briefing and User Participation in Building Projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Per Anker

    2006-01-01

    building is required. A building project is often part of a change process of the organisation that is going to occupy the building, and this change process should be management carefully to reach a successful result. An important aspect of briefing is to manage the par-ticipation of the coming users in...

  18. Unfavorable Communications Lead to Conflicts in Building Projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ussing, Lene Faber; Wandahl, Søren

    2013-01-01

    The building industry in Denmark is accused of moving towards a conflict culture. The aim of this survey is, therefore, to investigate how the parties in the building industry experience this. The study answers the following two questions: Can unfavorable communications in a building project team...

  19. Romanian contribution to the design of Cernavoda NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Cernavoda NPP is the first nuclear power unit built in Romania. It resulted as implementation of the national nuclear program provisions worked out in the period 1960-1978. The Center of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Projects operated in the Cernavoda NPP construction in its capacity of general and specialty designer. It conducted studies and design works to select optimal nuclear reactor system, nuclear fuel cycle and associated nuclear materials (D2O, Zr), aiming particularly to the introduction of CANDU type power reactors in the Romanian power system. In the period 1977-1990 basic technical and economical documentation were worked out concerning the site of construction, technical annexes to the commercial contracts, procurement order documents, technical assistance on site of construction, design for equipment fabrication, etc. In 1990-2002 significant changes in conducting the project have taken place. In the period August 1991- June 1996 the project management was taken over by the ACC consortium formed of AECL (Canada) and ANSALDO (Italy), while CITON was acting as principal contractor of ACC for design services and technological engineering. The paper presents the following main achievements in the design work: site selection and NPP general layout; nuclear safety and environmental protection; structure and infrastructure works; anti-seismic design; design of process systems; thermomechanical equipment for the NPP nuclear sector; design for electrical systems and automation. In conclusion, the contribution to the design and construction of the Romanian specialists for realization of Cernavoda NPP Unit 1 was decisive, while the cooperation with Canadian and Italian teams was extremely fruitful. These constitute a valuable potential to be used in building the Cernavoda NPP Unit 2 and Units 3-5

  20. 40 CFR 35.2036 - Design/build project grants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... other costs necessary to prepare the pre-bid package (see appendix A.I.1(a) of this subpart); and (3... project grants. (a) Terms and conditions. The Regional Administrator may award a design/build (Step 7... requirements (see 40 CFR 31.36(k)). (c) Pre-bid package. Each design/build project grant will provide for...

  1. School Building Projects: Managing Insurance and Contracts during Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shands, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Managing the risks inherent in a building project presents a challenge and opportunities not often encountered in the ordinary affairs of a school district. A building project brings the district, its staff, and students, as well as the community, in close contact with architects and engineers and a number of contractors for a period of time often…

  2. Utilization of the simulators in I and C renewal project of Loviisa NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are two VVER-440 type reactors in Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant. The first unit has been in operation since 1977 and the second since 1980. The availability of the plant as well as the operational experiences of the I and C systems are good. However it is obvious that the lifetime of the original I and C systems is not sufficient to guarantee the good availability of the plant in the future. Due to this fact a project for the renewal of the existing I and C systems has been started at Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant. In the project the analogue I and C systems will be renewed by digital I and C systems in four phases during 2005...2014. Simulators will be utilized extensively in the project to assure that the renewal of I and C systems can be realized safely and economically. An engineering simulator will be used in the design and validation of the modifications of the renewal I and C systems. A development simulator is aimed for the design, testing and acceptance of the new Man Machine Interface. A testing simulator will be used for the testing of the new I and C systems and retuning of the controllers mainly during the Factory Acceptance Tests. A training simulator will be used in training the operators and the other technical personnel in the operation of the new monitor-based control room facilities. All the simulators in the renewal project are based on APROS (Advanced PROcess Simulator) Simulation Software. Fortum Nuclear Services Ltd and the Technical Research Centre of Finland have developed APROS Simulation Software since 1986. APROS is a good example of the real multifunctional simulation software; i.e. it can be used in process and automation design, safety analysis and training simulator applications. APROS has been used extensively for various analysis and simulation tasks of the Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant in the past years. It has also been applied to various nuclear and thermal power plants elsewhere. First a short overview of Loviisa Nuclear Power

  3. Licensing process of the digital computer-based I and C systems to be implemented within the NPP Dukovany I and C system refurbishment project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief outline of the NPP Dukovany I and C system refurbishment project is given including a survey of the equipment and services suppliers and the scope of their involvement in the project activities. The adopted licensing process for the overall project is described and the Czech Republic regulatory authority project specific requirements relating to the digital computer-based I and C safety systems are summarized. The methods and ways the plant operator has adopted to ensure meeting some of those requirements are presented. The first audit in the series of audits to be conducted during the NPP Dukovany I and C module M1 and module M2 systems refurbishment project implementation was performed at Framatome ANP and Schneider Electric companies at the end of June and beginning of July 2001; it took 8 working days. The audit program was to evaluate the preparation of the system requirements, configuration management plans, software requirements and hardware requirements. The audit was performed in accordance with the following three checklists: - checklist for system requirements preparation per ISO 9000-3 and configuration management per ISO 10007; - checklist for software requirements preparation per IEC 60880 and 60880-2; - checklist for hardware requirements preparation per IEC 60987. The audit team was composed of four members: two of them, including the audit team leader, were the NPP Dukovany I and C refurbishment project staff members, the other two were I and C consultants of the Scientech, Inc. company. A nuclear safety inspector of the SUJB and two staff members of the prime contractor, i.e. SKODA JS, participated in the audit as observers. (authors)

  4. Construction of Belene NPP in Bulgaria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Presentations concluding remarks: ASE has performed its scope of responsibilities under the Agreement of 29.11.2006 and has achieved great results regarding both the Technical part of the Project and its organization; Though there is a number of unsettled issues under the Project, in particular, the issue related to financing, ASE is willing to continue the Project and works on its development; The Russian Party believes that in case the activities under the Project are continued, Belene NPP will be constructed with high quality and within the time limits prescribed in the Agreement of 29.11.2006: 59 months before Unit 1 take-over into operation and 71 month before Unit 2 take-over into operation, starting from concreting of foundation slab of Unit 1 Reactor building

  5. Suitable scheme study of Chinese Building Energy Efficiency CDM Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Beijia; Yang, Haizhen; Wang, Shaoping; Wang, Feng

    2010-11-01

    China has great potential to develop Building Energy Efficiency Clean Development Mechanism (BEE CDM) projects, although have many challenges. Our results show that large-scale public buildings and urban residential buildings have relatively high BEE CDM potential, when comparing their characteristics to the CDM project requirements. The building enclosure, illumination energy conservation, air condition energy saving, solar thermal, and solar photovoltaic technology have relatively high application potential while considering the energy saving potential and marginal emission reduction cost. Case study of large-scale buildings shows that technology integration of building enclosure, illumination energy conservation, air condition energy saving, solar thermal can reduce required building number to 130 in order to meet the 1×105 tCO2 e/a reduction criteria. Some suggestions are also given in this paper.

  6. Geodetic survey of building and mounting operations during construction of a NPP with the WWER type reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Geodetic survey of building and mounting operations including the thermal equipment mounting ones on the basis of the unified technology is considered. Necessity of preliminary geodetic preparation of the area for mounting operations and of the development of recalculational mathematical model using the coordinates of geodetic marks so far as building and mounting operations are realized is pointed out

  7. Three steam generator replacement projects in 1995: Consortium Siemens Framatome is well prepared to contribute its experience to the SGR at the Krsko NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the companies Siemens AG and Framatome S.A. joined their experience and efforts in the field of steam generators replacements and formed a consortium in 1991, the following projects were performed in 1995: Ringhals 3, Tihange 3 and Asco 2. Further projects will follow in 1996, i.e., Doel 4 and Asco 2. Currently, this European consortium is bidding for the contract to replace the steam generators at the Krsko NPP and hopes to be awarded in 1996. An overview of the way the Consortium Siemens and Framatome approaches SG replacement projects is given based on the projects performed in 1995. Various aspects of project planning, management, licensing, personnel qualification and techniques used on site will be discussed. (author)

  8. Presentation on management of delayed Cernavoda unit 2 NPP nuclear projects. Regulatory body assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 2003 the owner SNN signed the contract with AECL/ANSALDO to finalize together (management team) unit 2. The CNCAN requirements for Cernavoda unit 2 fully construction licence are: preliminary safety analysis report (PSAR); system classification list; item classification list; compliance report on safety Canadian regulation regarding the special safety systems (SDS 1, SDS 2, ECCS, Containment). The well-known CANDU design, easy to compare PSAR from unit 1 with unit 2 FSAR and improvement in accident analysis are the advantages of actual base for construction licence. Missing of design manuals to submit to CNCAN in this phase, special and expensive evaluation of safety implication for the equipment procured in the early time of project that compliance with obsolete codes are the main disadvantages of actual base for construction licence. The following additional document for the licence are required: training program for main control room operators; information about the availability of technical staff for commissioning; list of unit 2 procedures required to be approved by CNCAN; commissioning schedule for main control room ect

  9. BUILDING SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN: A RENOVATION PROJECT

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan ÜNALAN,; TOKMAN, Leyla Y.

    2011-01-01

    Today, the conservation of energy and respect for the natural environment appears to be the most important phenomena in all areas. In this regard, "sustainability" concept emerged and the architectural platform "Sustainable Architecture" is composed of a research subject to the new and permanent. Architecture underlying the "design" as including also the new concept of "sustainable architectural design" has revealed that field. Sustainable architecture "building in-house", "building envelop...

  10. The 'IMPACT Super-Simulation' project for exploring NPP fundamental phenomena

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To ensure the safe operation of a nuclear power plant under any normal operating or hypothesized accident conditions, understanding of the physical phenomena involved and tools to calculate such events must exist. The complexity of the fundamental phenomena and their interrelated effects require considerable research and development of software and hardware to produce a audible power plant simulation system. A large-scale project is underway at the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation to develop the software for a 'Super Simulation' system, capable of analysing scenarios ranging from normal operation to hypothesised accident conditions. Designed as a large-scale system of interconnected, hierarchical modules, IMPACT's distinguishing features include mechanistic models and high speed simulation on parallel processing computers. The present plan is a ten-year program starting from 1993. The IMPACT software will be completed within the year 2000 followed by two years for refinement through extensive verification and validation against test results and available real plant data. Parallelization was completed for the incompressible single phase flow module and on increase in calculation speed of at least 30 times by parallel processing on 64 processors has been attained, depending on a number of mesh. The pre-mixing submodule for analysis of steam explosion phenomena under severe accident conditions has been completed, and was shown to simulate the MIXA tests well. Calculation results of debris spreading model in debris cooling process are compared and showed good agreement with the UC Santa Babara test results. The physical models in the Boiling Transition Code has been completed and partially verified for both BWR fuels and PWR fuels by the comparison with basic experimental results. (author)

  11. The 'IMPACT Super-Simulation' project for exploring NPP fundamental phenomena

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hiroshi, Ujita; Hiroichi, Nagumo; Nobnaki, Abe; Vierow, K.M.; Minoru, Akiyama; Masanori, Naitoh; Masayoshi, Shiba [Advanced Simulation Systems Department, Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation, Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-07-01

    To ensure the safe operation of a nuclear power plant under any normal operating or hypothesized accident conditions, understanding of the physical phenomena involved and tools to calculate such events must exist. The complexity of the fundamental phenomena and their interrelated effects require considerable research and development of software and hardware to produce a audible power plant simulation system. A large-scale project is underway at the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation to develop the software for a 'Super Simulation' system, capable of analysing scenarios ranging from normal operation to hypothesised accident conditions. Designed as a large-scale system of interconnected, hierarchical modules, IMPACT's distinguishing features include mechanistic models and high speed simulation on parallel processing computers. The present plan is a ten-year program starting from 1993. The IMPACT software will be completed within the year 2000 followed by two years for refinement through extensive verification and validation against test results and available real plant data. Parallelization was completed for the incompressible single phase flow module and on increase in calculation speed of at least 30 times by parallel processing on 64 processors has been attained, depending on a number of mesh. The pre-mixing submodule for analysis of steam explosion phenomena under severe accident conditions has been completed, and was shown to simulate the MIXA tests well. Calculation results of debris spreading model in debris cooling process are compared and showed good agreement with the UC Santa Babara test results. The physical models in the Boiling Transition Code has been completed and partially verified for both BWR fuels and PWR fuels by the comparison with basic experimental results. (author)

  12. Effective long term operation for Dukovany NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dukovany NPP now started third decade of service that is also its last decade of design life time. It is clear that the NPP has all considerations for service past the design life time called Long Term Operation (LTO). This LTO has two main aspects, technical and economical, that influence each other. From technical view the age of NPP systems, structures and components (SSCs) affects negatively the ability to perform necessary design changes in a good quality and also the long lived SSC reliability. These possible impacts have also their safety aspects and to obtain regulatory body agreement with LTO of NPP it is necessary to show that these impacts are acceptable. It means to show that all applied design changes are done in agreement with NPP design bases (DB) and all ageing impacts on SSCs functions important for safety are properly managed. From economical view that is significant for NPP owner it is necessary to demonstrate a required profitability of investment for effective LTO. These are reasons why Dukovany NPP performs three following projects: - Safety design bases collation and reconstitution, - Enhancement of plant life management program (New program preparation), - Technical-economical (TE) study of NPP LTO. All of these projects are managed by Nuclear Research Institute Rez plc (NRI) and performed in close cooperation with NPP staff and different co-operaters. This presentation will be concentrated to the last named project.

  13. Value Triangles in the Management of Building Projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Per Anker

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate value triangles and their implementation in the management of building projects. The paper is based on results from a research project on space strategies and building values, which included a major case study of the development of facilities for Danish....... The conclusion is that DR’s buildings have a strong focus on value and fulfilment of intentions. This is not surprising as DR is a public service broadcasting corporation. This means that the buildings on one side have to be high-tech production facilities and on the other side shall represent a cultural...... and maintaining project integrity with the right balance between value management and resource management throughout the project....

  14. RCM at Kozloduy NPP, Bulgaria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    RCM methodology is applied within the task for Maintenance and Repair Optimization which is part of a big project started in 2005 for Optimization of maintenance using risk-informed PSA applications for Units 5 and 6 (VVER 10001320) of Kozloduy NPP. The project is still under development

  15. Risk Classification Model for Design and Build Projects

    OpenAIRE

    O. E. Ogunsanmi; O. A. Salako; O. M. Ajayi

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate if the various risk sources in Design and Build projects can be classified into three risk groups of cost, time and quality using the discriminant analysis technique. Literature search was undertaken to review issues of risk sources, classification of the identified risks into a risk structure, management of risks and effects of risks all on Design and Build projects as well as concepts of discriminant analysis as a statistical technique. This liter...

  16. Continuous Briefing and User Participation in Building Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Per Anker

    2006-01-01

    Briefing is not just about specifying needs as requirements but also about evaluating how well design pro-posals fulfill the needs and aspirations. Furthermore, briefing is not only about building design. Briefing starts at the pre-project stage to create a basis for the project decision. It includes an initial strategic brief-ing to define the overall vision and objectives. Parallel to the design briefing it is necessary to carry out a briefing process related to interior design and building...

  17. FTTH projection manual for singular buildings without ICT

    OpenAIRE

    Sala Vilar, Lluís Romul

    2008-01-01

    The dissertation’s objective is to create a reference manual to project an installation of optical fiber in a building (for each house or business) in either horizontal deployment (rack configuration, splicing boxes, duct network, ...) and vertical deployment (the building itself). For give these guidelines, we use an example project to show what we’re trying to achieve. This manual is designed for engineers or designers wishing to compare their approach with the approach of...

  18. NPP technical and economical parameters and safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problem of the ratio between technical and economic indices of NPP and its safety has been considered. It is suggested that safety indices of NPP projected should be made allowance for, when calculating net cost of electric power generated so, that NPP with higher safety indices remained competitive. The problem can be solved using a special invariance fund for compensating the costs of protection measures taken. The amount of contribution is to be the higher, the lower are safety indices of NPP. 2 refs

  19. New approach of second Romanian NPP siting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NPP sitting studies in Romania began before 1975. The first Romanian NPP CANDU 6 type reactor gone to erection in 1980 on Cernavoda site planned to have 5 units. Gained the experience from Cernavoda NPP sitting, the first mission of new multi-branch of specialists team was to choose new NPP sites adapting the NPP Cernavoda project to the new parameters of close water cooling circuit and hard less and no rock foundation strata. The studies were carrying out in different stages on the inner rivers Olt, Mures, Somes in Transylvania historical region. This paper tries to reconsider shortly the old analysis according to the last IAEA Safety Standards, taking into account the new NPP generation requirement. Paper is focused on geological aspects and other local sites characteristics. (authors)

  20. High-tech buildings - Market transformation project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Applications Team

    2001-10-01

    Facility managers and designers know their buildings are energy intensive yet have few techniques to quantify cleanroom energy performance. Benchmarking identifies the energy end uses in a cleanroom. As expected, besides the process loads, which are often very intense, the mechanical systems are the most energy intensive in these buildings. Benchmarking the mechanical systems and components can provide useful information on system and component performance and provide a basis to identify energy-saving opportunities in cleanrooms. HVAC systems in cleanrooms are dramatically different from their counterparts in commercial buildings in terms of reliability, safety requirements, and scale. The design of cleanroom HVAC systems is a specialty area requiring unique understanding of cleanliness guidelines, airflow quantities, room pressurization, code requirements, specialty equipment, tight control, and many more details. The HVAC systems must also operate reliably and safely. Since recirculation air systems use large amounts of fan power in moving large amounts of conditioned air through HEPA filters, the cleanroom, and return pathways they represent one of the largest energy end uses in a cleanroom. In addition, many processes requiring cleanrooms also have large make-up and exhaust airflow needs requiring huge amounts of energy to move and condition the displaced air. Energy intensity for mechanical systems in cleanrooms ranges between 4 to 100 times that of commercial buildings. There is, however, a lack of comparative data on the performance of cleanroom mechanical systems. To better understand existing cleanroom systems in high technology industries, and to better enable building owners, operators, and designers to compare energy use for a given cleanroom to others, it is necessary to benchmark energy performance in such facilities.

  1. The Hospital Building as Project and Matter of Concern

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harty, Chris; Tryggestad, Kjell

    2015-01-01

    negotiating the building design and project, including the exposition and resolution of controversy concerning size of spaces and bodies. The paper compares the use of two different forms of representation of the same imagined space—a single-bed room in a hospital, and produced for similar purposes......Mock-ups, scale models and drawings are ubiquitous in building design processes, circulating between various stakeholders. They contribute to the gradual evolution of design, but what else can specific material forms of representations do for the building design and project? The full-scale model of...... spaces and bodies....

  2. VMEbus technology in NPP control automation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In frames of SPAS project (system for emergency situations and accident prevention at NPPs in Ukraine) a series of developments was made to increase the efficiency and control of NPP equipment and main technological processes. They are based on information which is permanently renewed and accumulated in regular NPP system. Technical parameters of this system are described

  3. Probabilistic soil-structure interactions (SSI) analysis of Kozloduy NPP unit 5/6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work is part of an on-going PSA project on the WWER-1000 units of Kozloduy NPP. Results are presented from the probabilistic response analysis of the reactor building. The probabilistic seismic excitation definition and the probabilistic soil-structure interaction analysis are described. A comprehensive multiple time history analysis procedure is applied. The Latin Hypercube Sampling is used for preparation of the data base for the numerical computation of the reactor building response. (author). 6 refs., 8 figs

  4. BUILDING SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN: A RENOVATION PROJECT

    OpenAIRE

    ÜNALAN, Hakan; TOKMAN, Leyla Yekdane

    2011-01-01

    Today, the conservation of energy and respect for the natural environment appears to be the most important phenomena in all areas. In this regard, "sustainability" concept emerged and the architectural platform "Sustainable Architecture" is composed of a research subject to the new and permanent. Architecture underlying the "design" as including also the new concept of "sustainable architectural design" has revealed that field.    Sustainable architecture "building in-house", "...

  5. Solar Heating/Cooling of Buildings: Current Building Community Projects. An Interim Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Building Research Advisory Board.

    Projects being carried out by the private sector involving the use of solar energy for heating and cooling buildings are profiled in this report. A substantial portion of the data were collected from a broad cross-section of the building community. Data collection efforts also involved the canvassing of the nearly 200 trade and professional…

  6. DOE passive solar commercial buildings program: project summaries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-01-01

    The 23 projects participating in this program comprise a wide range of building types including offices, retail establishments, educational facilities, public service facilities, community and visitor centers, and private specialized-use facilities, located throughout the United States. Summary data and drawings are presented for each project. (MHR)

  7. Project Closeout: Guidance for Final Evaluation of Building America Communities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norton, P.; Burch, J.; Hendron, B.

    2008-03-01

    This report presents guidelines for Project Closeout. It is used to determine whether the Building America program is successfully facilitating improved design and practices to achieve energy savings goals in production homes. Its objective is to use energy simulations, targeted utility bill analysis, and feedback from project stakeholders to evaluate the performance of occupied BA communities.

  8. Build Artifacts in Sustainable Urban Projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinheiro-Croisel, Rebecca; Hernes, Tor

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores innovation and social behaviourist theory in relation to sustainable urban projects in the highly institutionalized public sector (towns). Using empirical data from France, we examine the dynamics of a design process in which unexpected practices generated innovative urban...

  9. Knowledge Sharing Strategies for Large Complex Building Projects.

    OpenAIRE

    Esra Bektas

    2013-01-01

    The construction industry is a project-based sector with a myriad of actors such as architects, construction companies, consultants, producers of building materials (Anumba et al., 2005). The interaction between the project partners is often quite limited, which leads to insufficient knowledge sharing during the project and knowledge being unavailable for reuse (Fruchter et al. 2002). The result can be a considerable amount of extra work, delays and cost overruns. Design outcomes that are sup...

  10. Innovated Building Material's Interactions with Structural Form in Architectural Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Mozaikci, Begüm

    2009-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Interpretation of building materials into architectural form, is gaining greater interest and attention due to the conservation of architectural heritage. This study highlight, the influences of technological developments of building materials and their interactions with structural form in architectural design projects. Architectural form and decisions can potentially effects by introduced new materials and this study focus on the interaction of new material and structural form...

  11. BUILDING PROJECTS RISKS SOURCES: CONCEPTUAL FUZZY ASSESSMENT APPROACH

    OpenAIRE

    Abbas M. Abd*

    2015-01-01

    This work aimed to identify building risk environment as approach to be integrated within project management system for construction industry. Most risks in building focusing on the need of determining the relative significance of different sources of risk to guide subsequent risk management effort. This will ensure that process being cost effective. A common approach aim to rank these risks in terms of probability and impact to identify sources of risk that will receive the most ...

  12. Some problems of NPP construction base improvement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    NPP construction bases are characterized by high cost of construction and large area. Duration of base construction makes up 3-4 years, labour contents for their erection constitute 600-900 thousand man-days. Delays in organizing functional base services essentially decelerate construction rates of the main NPP buildings. Maximum joining of separate buildings by their functional assignment and structural peculiarities, wide application of container buildings, partial utilization of permanent buildings of production centre for construction needs; transition to new organizational form of construction based on industrial production of buildings; production of volumetric structural-technological cells with mounted equipment manufactured at specialized plants, mounting NPP components with stock produced cells, consideration of the problem of large power centre creation are necessary for reduction of construction centres, area reduction of cost and duration of their construction

  13. Ignalina NPP Safety Improvement Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After 1991, when Lithuania became independent, the new safety improvement activities were initiated. Lithuania committed its responsibility for Ignalina NPP safety. However, it was lack of money for adequate safety improvement. Countries of Western Europe, USA and IAEA assisted Lithuania to carry out a comprehensive Ignalina NPP safety improvement program. Agreement with EBRD was signed in 1994. As a result of some bilateral and multilateral cooperation projects the Ignalina NPP Safety Improvement Programme (SIP-1) was accepted in 1993.This program was being implemented during 1993-1996. The Safety Analysis Report was issued in 1996. Review of the SAR was performed and RSR report was issued. On basis of both documents the Ignalina Safety Panel prepared recommendations for Lithuanian Government. These documents were used as a basis for the Safety Improvement Programme No.2. SIP-2 was accepted in 1997 and shall be finished in 2000

  14. Optimizing NPP performance and service life

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most effective way for new power production in Ukraine is the completions of the Khmelnitskij 2 and Rovno 4 NPP project. The report presents the financing terms and conditions of the Energoatom corporate bonds issue

  15. Commercial Buildings Partnerships - Overview of Higher Education Projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parrish, Kristen; Robinson, Alastair; Regnier, Cindy

    2013-02-01

    The Commercial Building Partnership (CBP), a public/private, cost-shared program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), paired selected commercial building owners and operators with representatives of DOE, its national laboratories, and private-sector technical experts. These teams explored energy-saving measures across building systems – including some considered too costly or technologically challenging – and used advanced energy modeling to achieve peak whole-building performance. Modeling results were then included in new construction or retrofit designs to achieve significant energy reductions. CBP design goals aimed to achieve 50 percent energy savings compared to ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2004 for new construction, while retrofits are designed to consume at least 30 percent less energy than either Standard 90.1-2004 or current consumption. After construction and commissioning of the project, laboratory staff continued to work with partners to collect and analyze data for verification of the actual energy reduction. CBP projects represent diverse building types in commercial real estate, including lodging, grocery, retail, higher education, office, and warehouse/storage facilities. Partners also commit to replicating low-energy technologies and strategies from their CBP projects throughout their building portfolios. As a result of CBP projects, five sector overviews (Lodging, Food Sales, General Merchandise, Higher Education, Offices) were created to capture successful strategies and recommended energy efficiency measures that could broadly be applied across these sectors. These overviews are supplemented with individual case studies providing specific details on the decision criteria, modeling results, and lessons learned on specific projects. Sector overviews and CBP case studies will also be updated to reflect verified data and replication strategies as they become available.

  16. Development, delivery and evaluation of a team building project

    OpenAIRE

    Ellis, M.R.C.; Kell, B.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the design, development, delivery and evaluation of a customised team building project on a paediatric unit. Design/methodology/approach – The project content was tailored to meet the developmental needs of the staff working within the units, incorporating both soft and hard leadership approaches. A personal self development approach was used, and how this could enhance team working. Theory was embedded using innovative approaches...

  17. EFFICIENT TEAM BUILDING FOR ON-TIME PROJECTS

    OpenAIRE

    Dan Benţa; Ştefan Ioan Niţchi; Darius Șuta; Remus Felix Pop

    2011-01-01

    When we think to software development projects we consider that a strong set of requirements is defined and team members always follow initial planning. Well, this was a specific orientation in traditional software developments methods and methodologies. In a current competitive business environment this attitude leads to fail in software development projects. This paper aims to highlight the importance of agile approach focused on meetings and team building and to give examples based on our ...

  18. Seismic characterization of the NPP Krsko site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The goal of NPP Krsko PSA Project Update was the inclusion of plant changes (i.e. configuration/operational related) through the period January 1, 1993 till the OUTAGE99 (April 1999) into the integrated Internal/External Level 1/Level 2 NPP Krsko PSA RISK SPECTRUM model. NPP Krsko is located on seismotectonic plate. Highest earthquake was recorded in 1917 with magnitude 5.8 at a distance of 7-9 km. Site (founded) on Pliocene sediments which are as deep as several hundred meters. No surface faulting at the Krsko site has been observed and thus it is not to be expected. NPP Krsko is equipped with seismic instrumentation, which allows it to complete OBE (SSE). The seismic PSA successfully showed high seismic margin at Krsko plant. NPP Krsko seismic design is based on US regulations and standards

  19. Nuclear New Build: Insights into Financing and Project Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear new build has been progressing steadily since the year 2000, with the construction of 94 new reactors initiated and 56 completed reactors connected to the grid. Among these new reactors are some of the first generation III/III+ reactors of their kind. Drawing on a combination of conceptual analysis, expert opinion and seven in-depth case studies, this report provides policy makers and stakeholders with an overview of the principal challenges facing nuclear new build today, as well as ways to address and overcome them. It focuses on the most important challenges of building a new nuclear power plant, namely assembling the conditions necessary to successfully finance and manage highly complex construction processes and their supply chains. Different projects have chosen different paths, but they nonetheless share a number of features. Financing capital-intensive nuclear new build projects requires, for example, the long-term stabilisation of electricity prices whether through tariffs, power purchase agreements or contracts for difference. In construction, the global convergence of engineering codes and quality standards would also promote both competition and public confidence. In addition, change management, early supply chain planning and 'soft issues' such as leadership, team building and trust have emerged over and again as key factors in the new build construction process. This report looks at ongoing trends in these areas and possible ways forward. (authors)

  20. Mochovce NPP simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP simulator basic features and detailed description of its characteristics are presented with its performance, certification and application for training of NPP operators as well as the training scenario

  1. Building information modeling (BIM) approach to the GMT Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teran, Jose; Sheehan, Michael; Neff, Daniel H.; Adriaanse, David; Grigel, Eric; Farahani, Arash

    2014-07-01

    The Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT), one of several next generation Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs), is a 25.4 meter diameter altitude over azimuth design set to be built at the summit of Cerro Campánas at the Las Campánas Observatory in Chile. The paper describes the use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) for the GMT project.

  2. IMPROVING KNOWLEDGE CAPTURE DURING CONCEPTUAL DESIGN PHASE OF BUILDING PROJECTS

    OpenAIRE

    POURZOLFAGHAR, ZOHREH

    2010-01-01

    Incomplete knowledge flow between architects and mechanical/electrical engineers engenders large expense and untimely delivery of building projects. It is essential to consider mechanical/electrical requirements from the early stages of design; and many experienced architects acknowledge this knowledge entities and the necessity for considering them at the right time. Therefore, inefficient knowledge flow among professionals during architectural conceptual design is emphasiz...

  3. NPP operation, 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of NPP service in 2001 on a global scale are presented. Numerical data on service indexes of NPP in different countries are reviewed. Summary power of operating NPP in 2001 was as much as 372 857 MW. List of ten NPP having the best characteristics in electric power generation on one nuclear bock is given. Nuclear power plants of Germany were recognized as the best units on a global scale

  4. Safety analysis of NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a short review of the parallel safety analysis of the various types of NPP. The NPP with PWR, WWER, BWR and HWR type reactors are mentioned. Technical, economic, location and ecology aspects of the safety of the NPP have been analysed. (author)

  5. Creating New Design-Build-Test Experiences as Outputs of Undergraduate Design-Build-Test Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Hermon, John Paul

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a methodology of using individual engineering undergraduate student projects as a means of effectively and efficiently developing new Design-Build-Test (DBT) learning experiences and challenges. A key aspect of the rationale for this approach is that it benefits all parties. The student undertaking the individual project gets an authentic experience of producing a functional artefact, which has been the result of a design process that addresses conception, design, impleme...

  6. ESCO Project for Buildings of Government Agencies in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prukvilailert Monchai

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In Thailand, Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE have organized the ESCO project to promote and encourage the use of machinery, materials and equipment having high efficiency for government buildings. ESCO company provides the invest and management for changing equipments in the buildings. In this paper, the evaluation of the project has been presented. The potential of electricity savings is about 77 million kwhr/year. It can reduce imports of crude oil about 6.58 thousand tons of crude oil (Ktoe/year. The budget to invest is BHT 1,504 million, with an average payback period of 4.85. However, we found that the establishment of the budget is the barriers. The recommendations and solutions using legal process have been presented to proceed the project in the future.

  7. Qualification of a gamma sensitive surface measuring technique for the building clearance in the NPP Stade (KKS) using the contamination monitor S.E.A.PL 525; Qualifizierung gammaempfindlicher Oberflaechenmesstechnik fuer die Gebaeudefreigabe des KKS anhand des Kontaminationsmonitors S.E.A. PL 525

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Juretzka, Peter; Riether, Herbert; Bacmeister, Georg U. [E.ON Kernkraft GmbH, Stade (Germany). Kernkraftwerk Stade; Stammel, Martina [DSR Ingenieurgesellschaft mbH (Germany)

    2012-11-01

    For the clearance of contaminated buildings during reactor dismantling the evidence proof of surface contamination according StrSchV (radiation protection regulations) is required. Into the depth penetrated contamination has to be projected to the surface. Typical coverage of contamination from operation results from decontamination coatings, plastering or pavements. Using beta sensitive measurements the penetrated activity cannot be identified reliably. Using gamma sensitive measuring techniques the penetrated activity can be detected even in case of covering layers. Actually the techniques in-situ gamma spectrometry and gamma spectrometric analysis of sampling are qualified for clearance measurements. When these techniques cannot be applied is necessary to remove the surface layers. Therefore the NPP Stade developed in cooperation with the measuring device producer S.E.A. a gamma sensitive contamination monitor. The qualification has been performed, the detection limits were reached.

  8. The influence of tritium build-up in Cernavoda NPP systems on gaseous and liquid emission after four years of operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most of the tritium in a CANDU reactor is formed by thermal-neutron-capture reactions, 2H(n,γ)3H, which occurs both in the moderator and heat transport system. Very small amounts of tritiated heavy water may escape from moderator and heat-transport systems of CANDU reactors during maintenance and normal operation. Tritium emissions of Cernavoda NPP were continuously monitored since 1996, when the plant became operational. HTO is continuously sampled on molecular sieves and measured twice a week. Statistical methods were applied to find the emission trend and to develop criteria for identifying abnormal emissions, and to predict the further emissions. During routine operation of a CANDU reactor, various gaseous, liquid, and solid radioactive wastes are generated. The design of its systems ensures that these are minimized but small quantities of gaseous and liquid wastes are continuously discharged at very low concentrations. CANDU reactors are both moderated and cooled by heavy water (D2O). Tritium is produced in CANDU reactors by neutron reactions with deuterium boron and lithium and by ternary fission. Activation of deuterium is by far the most important mechanism which is responsible for the production of about 89 TBq of tritium per MW(e) per year compared to only 0.7 TBq of tritium per MW (e) per year produced by ternary fission. Most of the tritium present in CANDU reactors is in the form of tritiated heavy water - DTO. The sources of tritiated heavy water vapor in reactor building, air are the leaks from the main reactor systems or their auxiliaries. Special dryers were designed and are used to remove moisture from different ventilation systems of a CANDU reactor in order to maintain the gaseous tritium emissions below the limits established by the national authorities. Tritium emissions are monitored both at the stack and in liquid discharges to demonstrate the compliance with the approved Derived Emission Limits. A specialized laboratory using Liquid

  9. 324 Building liquid waste handling and removal system project plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report evaluates the modification options for handling radiological liquid waste generated during decontamination and cleanout of the 324 Building. Recent discussions indicate that the Hanford site railroad system will be closed by the end of FY 1998 necessitating the need for an alternate transfer method. The issue of handling of Radioactive Liquid Waste (RLW) from the 324 Building (assuming the 340 Facility is not available to accept the RLW) has been examined in at least two earlier engineering studies (Parsons 1997a and Hobart 1997). Each study identified a similar preferred alternative that included modifying the 324 Building RLWS to allow load-out of wastewater to a truck tanker, while making maximum use of existing piping, tanks, instrumentation, controls and other features to minimize costs and physical changes to the building. This alternative is accepted as the basis for further discussion presented in this study. The goal of this engineering study is to verify the path forward presented in the previous studies and assure that the selected alternative satisfies the 324 Building deactivation goals and objectives as currently described in the project management plan. This study will also evaluate options available to implement the preferred alternative and select the preferred option for implementation of the entire system. Items requiring further examination will also be identified. Finally, the study will provide a conceptual design, schedule and cost estimate for the required modifications to the 324 Building to allow removal of RLW. Attachment 5 is an excerpt from the project baseline schedule found in the Project Management Plan

  10. Project quality management critical success factors for buildings

    CERN Document Server

    Low, Sui Pheng

    2014-01-01

    The book presents the development of the Construction Quality Assessment System (CONQUAS), Singapore’s de facto quality performance measurement system, explains the application of the Quality Management System (QMS) to manage CONQUAS and identifies 33 critical success factors (CSFs) for achieving high CONQUAS scores. Through CONQUAS, the reader benefits from understanding how the Singapore government developed and implemented the first objective system for measuring what many building professionals have perceived to be elusive quality standards in the construction industry. The book presents both the theoretical concepts as well as the practical aspects to achieving strategic Project Quality Management that is anchored on the CSFs to building best practices. To realistically reflect the practical aspects and challenging issues faced by stakeholders in the construction industry, questionnaire surveys were conducted with building professionals to distinguish the importance level and extent of adoption of the ...

  11. Crowdsource project on Building Indian Journals Database of Access Policies

    OpenAIRE

    Gutam, Sridhar; Gupta, C; Munigal, Achala; Adepu, Madhava Rao

    2016-01-01

    Crowdsource project on Building Indian Journals Database of  Access Policies   The aim of this project is to develop a database having all the ISSN Journals from India. The NISCAIR assigns ISSN number to all the journals in India and the list that is uploaded on their site at http://nsl.niscair.res.in/issn.jsp would be used for the database development. All the information related to the journals viz., year of start, language, place (city), publishers, print only, closed acce...

  12. Managing geotechnical risk on US design-build transport projects

    OpenAIRE

    Kevin McLain; Douglas D. Gransberg; Loulakis, Micheal C.

    2014-01-01

    Awarding design-build (DB) contracts before a complete subsurface investigation is completed, makes mitigating the risk of differing site conditions difficult, if not impossible. The purpose of the study was to identify effective practices for managing geotechnical risk in DB projects, and it reports the results of a survey that included responses from 42 of 50 US state departments of transportation and a content analysis of DB requests for proposals from 26 states to gauge the client’s persp...

  13. Port Graham Community Building Biomass Heating Design Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norman, Patrick [Port Graham Village Corporation, Anchorage, AK (United States); Sink, Charles [Chugachmiut, Anchorage, Alaska (United States)

    2015-04-30

    Native Village of Port Graham completed preconstruction activities to prepare for construction and operations of a cord wood biomass heating system to five or more community buildings in Port Graham, Alaska. Project Description Native Village of Port Graham (NVPG) completed preconstruction activities that pave the way towards reduced local energy costs through the construction and operations of a cord wood biomass heating system. NVPG plans include installation of a GARN WHS 3200 Boiler that uses cord wood as fuel source. Implementation of the 700,000 Btu per hour output biomass community building heat utility would heat 5-community buildings in Port Graham, Alaska. Heating system is estimated to displace 85% of the heating fuel oil or 5365 gallons of fuel on an annual basis with an estimated peak output of 600,000 Btu per hour. Estimated savings is $15,112.00 per year. The construction cost estimate made to install the new biomass boiler system is estimated $251,693.47 with an additional Boiler Building expansion cost estimated at $97,828.40. Total installed cost is estimated $349,521.87. The WHS 3200 Boiler would be placed inside a new structure at the old community Water Plant Building site that is controlled by NVPG. Design of the new biomass heat plant and hot water loop system was completed by Richmond Engineering, NVPG contractor for the project. A hot water heat loop system running off the boiler is designed to be placed underground on lands controlled by NVPG and stubbed to feed hot water to existing base board heating system in the following community buildings: 1. Anesia Anahonak Moonin Health and Dental Clinic 2. Native Village of Port Graham offices 3. Port Graham Public Safety Building/Fire Department 4. Port Graham Corporation Office Building which also houses the Port Graham Museum and Head Start Center 5. North Pacific Rim Housing Authority Workshop/Old Fire Hall Existing community buildings fuel oil heating systems are to be retro-fitted to

  14. Grand Junction Projects Office Remedial Action Project Building 2 public dose evaluation. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Building 2 on the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) site, which is operated by Rust Geotech, is part of the GJPO Remedial Action Program. This report describes measurements and modeling efforts to evaluate the radiation dose to members of the public who might someday occupy or tear down Building 2. The assessment of future doses to those occupying or demolishing Building 2 is based on assumptions about future uses of the building, measured data when available, and predictive modeling when necessary. Future use of the building is likely to be as an office facility. The DOE sponsored program, RESRAD-BUILD, Version. 1.5 was chosen for the modeling tool. Releasing the building for unrestricted use instead of demolishing it now could save a substantial amount of money compared with the baseline cost estimate because the site telecommunications system, housed in Building 2, would not be disabled and replaced. The information developed in this analysis may be used as part of an as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) cost/benefit determination regarding disposition of Building 2

  15. NPP life management (abstracts)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abstracts of the papers presented at the International conference of the Ukrainian Nuclear Society 'NPP Life Management'. The following problems are considered: modernization of the NPP; NPP life management; waste and spent nuclear fuel management; decommissioning issues; control systems (including radiation and ecological control systems); information and control systems; legal and regulatory framework. State nuclear regulatory control; PR in nuclear power; training of personnel; economics of nuclear power engineering

  16. Role and contribution of AREVA NP GmbH and Siemens for completion of Belene NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The content of the presentation includes: 1.Experience of AREVA NP / Siemens - participation in modernization and new building of NPP with VVER-1000: modernization of NPP Kozloduy Units 5 and 6 and contribution for NPP Tianwan Units 1 and 2; 2. AREVA NP / Siemens Contribution for Belene NPP: electrical systems; safety I and C; operational I and C; Heating-Ventilation-Air conditioning (HVAC); Hydrogen recombination; 3. Joint commitment for Belene

  17. National Television of Chile--New headquarters building acoustic projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huaquin, Mario

    2002-11-01

    In the last 15 years TV stations in Chile have been incorporating in their facilities architectural acoustic and noise control approaches. This has been necessary as much for the technological advance, as for the necessity to achieve a better quality of sound that the listeners receive. In 1998, the National Television of Chile, with the sponsorship of the College of Architects of Chile, requested preliminary architectural designs in order to enlarge and to renovate its headquarters buildings in Santiago, Chile in stages. The Acoustic Project has been developed in an integral way, with three fundamental disciplines: noise and noise control; Machine rooms; vibrations and vibration control; Buildings, engines; architectural acoustics and acoustic comfort; TV studios and technical rooms. This presentation describes the Acoustic Project, phases I (1999), and II (2002), how it was possible to establish a common language with architects and engineers and the different specialties, to apply acoustic criteria and standards, the theoretical development and the projected acoustic solutions. (To be presented in Spanish.)

  18. Planning and management support for NPP personnel SAT-based training programmes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with planning and management support for NPP personnel SAT based training programmes based on IAEA TC Project SLR/0/003 on upgrading NPP personnel training, with the aim of upgrading NPP safety and reliability of NPP operation and maintenance. The costs needed include both Slovak and IAEA sources. Five stages of the Project are defined: planning; organizing; motivating; implementation; control, review and accountability

  19. Knowledge Sharing Strategies for Large Complex Building Projects.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esra Bektas

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry is a project-based sector with a myriad of actors such as architects, construction companies, consultants, producers of building materials (Anumba et al., 2005. The interaction between the project partners is often quite limited, which leads to insufficient knowledge sharing during the project and knowledge being unavailable for reuse (Fruchter et al. 2002. The result can be a considerable amount of extra work, delays and cost overruns. Design outcomes that are supposed to function as boundary objects across different disciplines can lead to misinterpretation of requirements, project content and objectives. In this research, knowledge is seen as resulting from social interactions; knowledge resides in communities and it is generated through social relationships (Wenger 1998, Olsson et al. 2008. Knowledge is often tacit, intangible and context-dependent and it is articulated in the changing responsibilities, roles, attitudes and values that are present in the work environment (Bresnen et al., 2003. In a project environment, knowledge enables individuals to solve problems, take decisions, and apply these decisions to actions. In order to achieve a shared understanding and minimize the misunderstanding and misinterpretations among project actors, it is necessary to share knowledge (Fong 2003.Sharing knowledge is particularly crucial in large complex building projects (LCBPs in order to accelerate the building process, improve architectural quality and prevent mistakes or undesirable results. However, knowledge sharing is often hampered through professional or organizational boundaries or contractual concerns. When knowledge is seen as an organizational asset, there is little willingness among project organizations to share their knowledge. Individual people may recognize the need to promote knowledge sharing throughout the project, but typically there is no deliberate strategy agreed by all project partners to address

  20. NPP Krsko Lifetime Extension - Business Impact for Hrvatska Elektroprivreda

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with the analysis of possible business impacts for HEP in the case of NPP Krsko life extension. Due to numerous reasons nuclear power plant life extension of ten to twenty years is a common procedure abroad. Having this practise in mind as well as other circumstances in Croatian and Slovenian electric power system, the extension of NPP Krsko lifetime is considered to be a possible scenario. Foreseeable impacts of this decision are evaluated primarily with consideration of its effect on HEPs projected cash flows, though other aspects will be addressed as well. Preserving a well maintained production facility with an extraordinary operational record and stable, or possibly falling overall production costs seems as a very rational choice. This is particularly true having in mind expected rise of electricity demand and energy prices in the region. Having NPP Krsko in operation beyond 2023 implies that no replacement source for NPP Krsko capacity needs to be built. This means avoiding all costs connected with the construction and operation of the replacement plant, assuming it will be fossil fuelled. Due to the high uncertainty of the future fossil fuel prices, the avoidance of replacement plant operational cost is likely to prove as highly rewarding. It should be kept in mind that avoided costs also include the replacement plant greenhouse gases emission costs, thus further enlarging the list of value adding impacts. The latter is valid anticipating the ratification of the Kyoto protocol and joining the European emission trading scheme. In addition to that, the extension of NPP Krsko lifetime would mean that the majority of costs connected with the decommissioning and final waste disposal can be postponed further down the time line. This will have very positive financial and possibly technological impact. Other value creating effects for HEP that are foreseeable as a consequence of the plant lifetime extension include: maintaining the knowledge of

  1. Financing strategy for Indonesian Nuclear Power Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In anticipation of the introduction in the early 2000s of a nuclear power plant, the Government of Indonesia (GOI), through the National Atomic Energy Agency (BATAN) , has formulated a Bid Invitation Specification (BIS) in parallel with the completion of the NPP Feasibility Study. This BIS formulation assumed an open international tender for the first unit of the NPP with project financing as a conventional loan. The GOI's recent policy is to minimize government financial support for power development. This paper summarizes a financing strategy for the Indonesian NPP project to make the NPP economically viable, and provides a general discussion on project financing using a conventional approach, Build--Own-Operate (BOO) and a counter-purchase approach. Innovative approaches for financing are still being pursued in order to obtain an optimum solution for investors and owners, to fulfill the Indonesian government's requirements. (author)

  2. Introduction of the SAT based training programs at Paks NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An introduction of the SAT based training programs at Paks nuclear power plant is described in detail, including framework of project operation; project implementation; process of SAT applied at Paks NPP and the needs of its introduction

  3. Effects of the Interactions Between LPS and BIM on Workflow in Two Building Design Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Sheriz; Tzortzopoulos, Patricia

    2014-01-01

    Variability in design workflow causes delays and undermines the performance of building projects. As lean processes, the Last Planner System (LPS) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) can improve workflow in building projects through features that reduce waste. Since its introduction, BIM has had significant positive influence on workflow in building design projects, but these have been rarely considered in combination with LPS. This paper is part of a postgraduate research focusing on the...

  4. Mapping and industrial IT project to a 2nd semester design-build project

    OpenAIRE

    Nyborg, Mads; Høgh, Stig

    2010-01-01

    CDIO means bringing the engineer's daily life and working practice into the educational system. In our opinion this is best done by selecting an appropriate project from industry. In this paper we describe how we have mapped an industrial IT project to a 2nd semester design-build project in the Diploma IT program at the Technical University of Denmark. The system in question is a weighing system operating in a LAN environment. The system is used in the medical industry for producing tablets. ...

  5. The changing of land use and land management in Ignalina NPP region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The investigated locality (Ignalina NPP) represents territory of NPP and Visaginas town as well as agrarian territories of three former environs Dukshtas and Rimshe (Ignalina district) and Turmantas (Zarasai district). The changes of land, started with the beginning of construction works of NPP (1974) and are still taking place, are analyzed. The data on the land fund and current data of land reform agrarian services were used. The changes of the plots of farming lands in agrarian territories were preconditioned by the same factors which operated in other territories of hilly agrarian landscape. In the drained terrains the plots of farming lands increased, whereas, in other territories re naturalization processes set in resulting in the increase of the areas covered with forests and bushes which were not used for agricultural purposes. Thus, we may assert that the impact of the NPP itself on the change of the structure of farming lands in agrarian territories was minimal. It manifested not as a permanent process but as a spontaneous fact - a mechanical allotment of a plots of land for building the NPP and town itself. The comparison of the structure of farming lands at the moment of allotment with the data of 1995 revealed that during the mentioned period the farming land were completely destroyed (1003 ha of ploughed lands, 168 ha - grasslands, 180 ha - pastures). The forest area was reduced by 625 ha. The destroyed farming lands were occupied by territories under buildings (719 ha), artificial ground cover (159 ha), and high tension current lines (over 800 ha) which are absolutely unfit neither for agriculture nor forestry. Though the NPP and Visaginas town exerted no appreciable influence on the structure of farming lands in the surrounding territories they substantially changed the territory of NPP and Visaginas. The former wooded - agrarian landscape was replaced by an untypical for these places technical - urbanized landscape. This should be taken into

  6. The European GreenBuilding Projects Catalogue 2014

    OpenAIRE

    BERTOLDI PAOLO; CUNIBERTI Barbara; De Luca, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    In 2005 the European Commission launched the GreenBuilding Programme (GBP). GreenBuilding is a voluntary programme aiming at improving the energy efficiency of non-residential buildings in Europe on voluntary basis. The programme addresses owners of non-residential buildings to realise cost-effective measures which enhance the energy efficiency of their buildings in one or more technical services. The programme covers both existing and new buildings. The GreenBuilding Programme reached its 8t...

  7. Balancing preventive and corrective maintenance in Cernavoda Unit 1 NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents a short reminder of Romania's Cernavoda NPP entering commercial operation and a brief description of the CANDU-6 project on which Unit 1 is based. The short term objectives of the maintenance management, the status of the existing maintenance programmes as well as future predictable maintenance programmes are outlined together with the Government plan to complete the balance of NPP. (author)

  8. European project HOPE (Health Optimization Protocol for Energy-efficient Buildings)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bluyssen, P.M.; Cox, C.W.J.; Maroni, M.; Boschi, N.; Raw, G.; Roulet, C.A.; Foradini, F.

    2003-01-01

    In January 2002, a new European project named HOPE (Health Optimization Protocol for Energy-efficient Buildings) started with 14 participants from nine European countries. The final goal of the project is to provide the means to increase the number of energy-efficient buildings, i.e. buildings that

  9. 327 Building liquid waste handling options modification project plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ham, J.E.

    1998-03-28

    This report evaluates the modification options for handling radiological liquid waste (RLW) generated during decontamination and cleanout of the 327 Building. The overall objective of the 327 Facility Stabilization Project is to establish a passively safe and environmentally secure configuration of the 327 Facility. The issue of handling of RLW from the 327 Facility (assuming the 34O Facility is not available to accept the RLW) has been conceptually examined in at least two earlier engineering studies (Parsons 1997a and Hobart l997). Each study identified a similar preferred alternative that included modifying the 327 Facility RLWS handling systems to provide a truck load-out station, either within the confines of the facility or exterior to the facility. The alternatives also maximized the use of existing piping, tanks, instrumentation, controls and other features to minimize costs and physical changes. An issue discussed in each study involved the anticipated volume of the RLW stream. Estimates ranged between 113,550 and 387,500 liters in the earlier studies. During the development of the 324/327 Building Stabilization/Deactivation Project Management Plan, the lower estimate of approximately 113,550 liters was confirmed and has been adopted as the baseline for the 327 Facility RLW stream. The goal of this engineering study is to reevaluate the existing preferred alternative and select a new preferred alternative, if appropriate. Based on the new or confirmed preferred alternative, this study will also provide a conceptual design and cost estimate for required modifications to the 327 Facility to allow removal of RLWS and treatment of the RLW generated during deactivation.

  10. Integrated ageing management of Atucha NPP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ranalli, Juan M.; Marchena, Martin H.; Zorrilla, Jorge R.; Antonaccio, Elvio E.; Brenna, Pablo; Yllanez, Daniela; Cruz, Gerardo Vera de la; Luraschi, Carlos, E-mail: ranalli@cnea.gov.ar [Gerencia Coordinacion Proyectos CNEA-NASA, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Sabransky, Mario, E-mail: msabransky@na-sa.com.ar [Departamento Gestion de Envejecimiento, Central Nuclear Atucha I-II Nucleoelectrica Argentina S.A., Provincia de Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2013-07-01

    Atucha NPP is a two PHWR unit site located in Lima, Province of Buenos Aires, 120 km north of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Until recent, the site was split in Atucha I NPP, a 350 MW pressure vessel heavy water reactor in operation since 1974; and Atucha II, a similar design reactor, twice as big as Atucha I finishing a delayed construction. With the start-up of Atucha II and aiming to integrate the management of the plants, the Utility (Nucleolectrica Argentina Sociedad Anonima - NASA) has reorganized its operation units. Within this reorganization, an Ageing Management Department has been created to cope with all ageing issues of both Atucha I and II units. The Atomic Energy Commission of Argentina (Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica - CNEA) is a state-owned R and D organization that; among other functions such as designing and building research reactors, developing uranium mining and supplying radioisotopes to the medical market; is in charge of providing support and technological update to all Argentinean NPPs. The Ageing Management Department of Atucha NPP and the Ageing Management Division of CNEA has formed a joint working group in order to set up an Integrated Ageing Management Program for Atucha NPP following IAEA guidelines. In the present work a summary of the activities, documental structure and first outputs of the Integrated Ageing Management Program of Atucha NPP is presented. (author)

  11. Integrated ageing management of Atucha NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atucha NPP is a two PHWR unit site located in Lima, Province of Buenos Aires, 120 km north of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Until recent, the site was split in Atucha I NPP, a 350 MW pressure vessel heavy water reactor in operation since 1974; and Atucha II, a similar design reactor, twice as big as Atucha I finishing a delayed construction. With the start-up of Atucha II and aiming to integrate the management of the plants, the Utility (Nucleolectrica Argentina Sociedad Anonima - NASA) has reorganized its operation units. Within this reorganization, an Ageing Management Department has been created to cope with all ageing issues of both Atucha I and II units. The Atomic Energy Commission of Argentina (Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica - CNEA) is a state-owned R and D organization that; among other functions such as designing and building research reactors, developing uranium mining and supplying radioisotopes to the medical market; is in charge of providing support and technological update to all Argentinean NPPs. The Ageing Management Department of Atucha NPP and the Ageing Management Division of CNEA has formed a joint working group in order to set up an Integrated Ageing Management Program for Atucha NPP following IAEA guidelines. In the present work a summary of the activities, documental structure and first outputs of the Integrated Ageing Management Program of Atucha NPP is presented. (author)

  12. Bilibino NPP: Operation experience and design lifetime extension

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bilibino NPP (BiNPP) has been operated since early 1974 near the town of Bilibino in Chukotka. A high effectiveness of the nuclear energy sources use under the rigorous conditions of the Russian Federation's North- East region has been demonstrated. BiNPP was designed as nuclear co-generation plant. Some specific features of the area where the BiNPP is sited have necessitated several original engineering solutions in the reactor plant development and in the design of the NPP. Their correctness has been confirmed by the operating experience. BiNPP consists of four power units of the same type. The BiNPP's installed capacity amounts to 48 MW, with simultaneous heat production of 78 MW. In the period when the Russian economy was stable (up to 1991), the plant capacity factor amounted to 85%, with that of operating availability of 90-92%. The BiNPP's economic parameters were considerably superior vs. those of local organic fuel fired power sources. This advantage appears to increase to date due to significant rise of prices for organic fuel brought to the area. The analysis of accidents with normal operation of safety systems and with their failures has revealed features of rather high inherent self-protection of the reactor. The reactors' failure-free operation ensures the high reliability of BiNPP as power source under extreme conditions of the Far North-East. The BiNPP 1st unit's design lifetime of 30 years is to end in January of 2004, and that of the 4th unit - in December 2006. The question of extending the operation lifetime of Bilibino NPP beyond the design limit was raised because the project of the BiNPP-2 (second construction stage) developed in 1992 proved not to be feasible due to the high construction cost. (author)

  13. Cernavoda NPP training programs The paper presents a general assessment of Cernavoda NPP personnel training programs,

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents a general assessment of Cernavoda NPP personnel training programs, highlighting the role of training in human performance improvement. Cernavoda NPP Personnel Training and Authorization Department (PTAD) is responsible for the training of CNE Cernavoda NPP personnel and its contractors. PTAD is structured in a manner ensuring the support and response to all plant training, qualification and authorization requirements. The training of personnel is continuously adapted based on IAEA Guides and INPO/WANO recommendations, to keep with world standards, based on the internal and external reviews. At Cernavoda NPP the Training Concept and the Training Programs are based on SAT - Systematic Approach to Training. The Training Concept is established on a set of training documents (RD's, SI's, IDP's), which address all the SAT phases: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation. The Training Programs are structured on the initial and continuing personnel training. Their content and goals are responding to the training specific needs for each plant major job family. In order to successfully support NPP training programs, CNPP training center has upgraded classrooms with new presentation facilities and there are plans to expand the space of the building, to develop additional operator and maintenance skills facilities. By responding in a timely and completely manner to all plant training requirements PTAD will help in rising human performance of Cernavoda NPP personnel, supporting the safe, efficient and cost effective production of power. (author)

  14. Managing geotechnical risk on US design-build transport projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin McLain

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Awarding design-build (DB contracts before a complete subsurface investigation is completed, makes mitigating the risk of differing site conditions difficult, if not impossible. The purpose of the study was to identify effective practices for managing geotechnical risk in DB projects, and it reports the results of a survey that included responses from 42 of 50 US state departments of transportation and a content analysis of DB requests for proposals from 26 states to gauge the client’s perspective, as well as 11 structured interviews with DB contractors to obtain the perspective from the other side of the DB contract.  A suite of DB geotechnical risk manage tools is presented based on the results of the analysis. Effective practices were found in three areas: enhancing communications on geotechnical issues before final proposals are submitted; the use of project-specific differing site conditions clauses; and expediting geotechnical design reviews after award. The major finding is that contract verbiage alone is not sufficient to transfer the risk of changed site conditions. The agency must actively communicate all the geotechnical information on hand at the time of the DB procurement and develop a contract strategy that reduces/retires the risk of geotechnical uncertainty as expeditiously as possible after award.

  15. Appendix IV: KHNP staffing plan of construction site office: Ulchin 5 and 6 construction project (Republic of Korea) (Case study of human resource issues faced by NPP operating organizations, and how they were (or are being) addressed)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    KHNP, as an owner/operator organization, is responsible for all project activities including design, procurement, construction, and commissioning, for Korea's nuclear power plant (NPP) construction projects. Four separate functional offices of KHNP are set up to complete the construction management work. These offices are (1) home office, (2) field construction office, (3) field quality assurance office, and (4) field startup/commissioning office. This appendix presents a staffing plan for the field construction office from starting initial project implementation to final turnover to operations. It is recognized that the plan may not be applicable to other utility situations in terms of project management of site activity depending upon how the overall project contract is structured

  16. MUNI Ways and Structures Building Integrated Solar Membrane Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, Randall

    2014-07-03

    The initial goal of the MUNI Ways and Structures Building Integrated Solar Membrane Installation Project was for the City and County of San Francisco (CCSF) to gain experience using the integrated higher efficiency solar photovoltaic (PV) single-ply membrane product, as it differs from the conventional, low efficiency, thin-film PV products, to determine the feasibility of success of larger deployment. As several of CCSF’s municipal rooftops are constrained with respect to weight restrictions, staff of the Energy Generation Group of the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) proposed to install a solar PV system using single-ply membrane The installation of the 100 kW (DC-STC) lightweight photo voltaic (PV) system at the MUNI Ways and Structures Center (700 Pennsylvania Ave., San Francisco) is a continuation of the commitment of the City and County of San Francisco (CCSF) to increase the pace of municipal solar development, and serve its municipal facilities with clean renewable energy. The fourteen (14) solar photovoltaic systems that have already been installed at CCSF municipal facilities are assisting in the reduction of fossil-fuel use, and reduction of greenhouse gases from fossil combustion. The MUNI Ways & Structures Center roof has a relatively low weight-bearing capacity (3.25 pounds per square foot) and use of traditional crystalline panels was therefore rejected. Consequently it was decided to use the best available highest efficiency Building-Integrated PV (BIPV) technology, with consideration for reliability and experience of the manufacturer which can meet the low weight-bearing capacity criteria. The original goal of the project was to provide an opportunity to monitor the results of the BIPV technology and compare these results to other City and County of San Francisco installed PV systems. The MUNI Ways and Structures Center was acquired from the Cookson Doors Company, which had run the Center for many decades. The building was

  17. Tall-Building Projects Sustainability Indicator (TPSI: A New Design and Environmental Assessment Tool for Tall Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasim Altan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the features of Tall-building Projects Sustainability Indicator (TPSI—a “Sustainability Rating System” that specializes in tall-building projects. The system comprises two components; the “Technical Manual” in the form of a booklet and the “Calculator” in the form of an Excel tool. It can be used as a “design tool” and/or as a “checklist” to compare and to improve the sustainable performance of tall-building design schemes. At the same time, the system can be used to evaluate the sustainability of existing tall-building projects. The first version of the TPSI rating system (TPSI 2012 Version was released as an online tool (GreenLight and thoroughly examined and validated by multiple parties.

  18. High Performance Building Facade Solutions PIER Final Project Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Eleanor; Selkowitz, Stephen

    2009-12-31

    Building facades directly influence heating and cooling loads and indirectly influence lighting loads when daylighting is considered, and are therefore a major determinant of annual energy use and peak electric demand. Facades also significantly influence occupant comfort and satisfaction, making the design optimization challenge more complex than many other building systems.This work focused on addressing significant near-term opportunities to reduce energy use in California commercial building stock by a) targeting voluntary, design-based opportunities derived from the use of better design guidelines and tools, and b) developing and deploying more efficient glazings, shading systems, daylighting systems, facade systems and integrated controls. This two-year project, supported by the California Energy Commission PIER program and the US Department of Energy, initiated a collaborative effort between The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and major stakeholders in the facades industry to develop, evaluate, and accelerate market deployment of emerging, high-performance, integrated facade solutions. The LBNL Windows Testbed Facility acted as the primary catalyst and mediator on both sides of the building industry supply-user business transaction by a) aiding component suppliers to create and optimize cost effective, integrated systems that work, and b) demonstrating and verifying to the owner, designer, and specifier community that these integrated systems reliably deliver required energy performance. An industry consortium was initiated amongst approximately seventy disparate stakeholders, who unlike the HVAC or lighting industry, has no single representative, multi-disciplinary body or organized means of communicating and collaborating. The consortium provided guidance on the project and more importantly, began to mutually work out and agree on the goals, criteria, and pathways needed to attain the ambitious net zero energy goals defined by California and

  19. High Performance Building Facade Solutions - PIER Final Project Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Eleanor; Selkowitz, Stephen

    2009-12-31

    Building facades directly influence heating and cooling loads and indirectly influence lighting loads when daylighting is considered, and are therefore a major determinant of annual energy use and peak electric demand. Facades also significantly influence occupant comfort and satisfaction, making the design optimization challenge more complex than many other building systems.This work focused on addressing significant near-term opportunities to reduce energy use in California commercial building stock by a) targeting voluntary, design-based opportunities derived from the use of better design guidelines and tools, and b) developing and deploying more efficient glazings, shading systems, daylighting systems, facade systems and integrated controls. This two-year project, supported by the California Energy Commission PIER program and the US Department of Energy, initiated a collaborative effort between The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and major stakeholders in the facades industry to develop, evaluate, and accelerate market deployment of emerging, high-performance, integrated facade solutions. The LBNL Windows Testbed Facility acted as the primary catalyst and mediator on both sides of the building industry supply-user business transaction by a) aiding component suppliers to create and optimize cost effective, integrated systems that work, and b) demonstrating and verifying to the owner, designer, and specifier community that these integrated systems reliably deliver required energy performance. An industry consortium was initiated amongst approximately seventy disparate stakeholders, who unlike the HVAC or lighting industry, has no single representative, multi-disciplinary body or organized means of communicating and collaborating. The consortium provided guidance on the project and more importantly, began to mutually work out and agree on the goals, criteria, and pathways needed to attain the ambitious net zero energy goals defined by California and

  20. Overview of the SEU project for extended burnup at the Atucha-I NPP. Four years of operating experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atucha I is a 357 MWe nuclear station moderated and cooled with heavy water, of German design located in Argentina. Fuelling is on-power and the plant was originally fuelled with natural uranium. To reduce fuel costs a program was initiated in August 1993 to introduce gradually slightly enriched uranium (SEU) fuel (0.85 w% U-235) with an associated burnup increase from 5900 MWd/tU to 11300 MWd/tU. The introduction of SEU fuel started in January 1995 and the program was divided in three Phases with an upper limit of SEU FA in the core: 12, 60 and 252 (full core) and licensing documentation was prepared for each Phase. This paper describes the most important aspects of the operating and project experience, and some factors limiting the burnup extension from an operation point of view. After four years of the program and with 181 SEU FA (71%) of the core, the operating experience has been good and without unfavourable effects due to the use of SEU fuel with the only exception of a small increase of the time to reach full power in plant startups or power cycling. In particular, the new criteria to prevent PCI failures in power ramps for higher burnup SEU fuel in refueling operations, plant startups or power cycling has been effective. The average discharge burnup of the SEU fuel taken out of the reactor in 1998 was 11263 MWd/tU. The average discharge burnup of the natural fuel in the same year was 6640 MWd/tU, with an increase of about 12% of the original value for a natural fuel core. The average number of fresh fuel assemblies per full power day was being reduced from 1.31 to 0.92 in 1998 and 0.83 in 1999. The fuel costs dropped gradually during the program from 9.38 (with natural uranium fuel) to 6.57 $/MWh in the first four months of 1999 (taking as reference the NU and SEU FA costs for 1999). Because of this the SEU program has been an important contribution to the reduction of Atucha I operating costs and to the competitiveness of nuclear power generation against

  1. Passive crosslaminated timber buildings : Final report Cerbof-project no. 76

    OpenAIRE

    Rönnelid, Mats; Wik, Tina; Janols, Henrik; Brännström, Mattias; Helling, Håkan; Lövenvik, Tommy

    2013-01-01

    In this project, Stora Enso’s newly developed building system has been further developed to allow building to the Swedish passive house standard for the Swedish climate. The building system is based on a building framework of CLT (Cross laminated timber) boards. The concept has been tested on a small test building. The experience gained from this test building has also been used for planning a larger building (two storeys with the option of a third storey) with passive house standard with thi...

  2. Lifetime evaluation of Bohunice NPP components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper discuss some aspects of the main primary components lifetime evaluation program in Bohunice NPP which is performed by Nuclear Power Plant Research Institute (NPPRI) Trnava in cooperation with Bohunice and other organizations involved. Facts presented here are based on the NPPRI research report which is regularly issued after each reactor fuel campaign under conditions of project resulted from the contract between NPPRI and Bohunice NPP. For the calculations, there has been used some computer codes adapted (or made) by NPPRI and the results are just the conclusive and very brief, presented here in Tables (Figures). (authors)

  3. Radioactive contamination of the Belarus' territory causing to destruction of the building constructions of the 4th unit of the Chernobyl NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The adverse scripts of development of events, causing to destruction of object 'UKRYTIE' and to contamination of the territory of Republic of Belarus are considered. The number of designs of the 4th unit has visually observed damages. Also there are hypothetically unstable constructive elements, at installation of which in a conditions of 1986 the application of reliable welded or bolt connections was impossibly. Initial events of the considered hypothetical accident are earthquake or aircraft accident. Settlement data on contamination of territory for considered accident are indicated. The account was made for a moderate- stable condition of atmosphere by the Gauss model for process of the dust particles precipitation. In this case the radionuclide falling out will take place basically on already contaminated territory of Belarus. The additional contamination may be about 2 Ci/sq.km in the Mozyr' region and 20 Ci/sq.km in Chernobyl NPP territory. In case of imposing of acts of nature (the earthquake or tornado), the all dust fraction, which available in object, may be released in atmosphere. The total activity of the dust falling out will be about 1.3 MCi, that can lead to more powerful contaminated of the south part of Belarus. Despite the hypothetical character of the scripts, the probability of their realisation at long operation of object will increase. Thus, the transformation of object 'UKRYTIE' to a safe system is an urgent problem. 1 ref., 3 figs

  4. The possibility of building nuclear power plant free from severe accident risk: PWR NPP with advanced all passive safety cooling systems (AAP SCS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A complete set of advanced all passive safety cooling systems (AAP SCS) for PWR NPP, actuated by natural force has been put forward in the article. Here the natural force mainly means the fore, which created by change of pressure distribution in the first loop of PWR as a result of operational regime conversion from one to another, including occurrence of accident situation. Correspondent safety cooling system will be actuated naturally and then put it into passive operation after occurring some kind of accident, so accidental situation will be mitigated right after it's occurrence and core residual heat will be naturally moved from the active core to the ultimate heat sink. There is no need to rely on automatic control system, any active equipment and human actions in all working process of the AAP SCS, which can reduce the probability of severe accident to zero, so as to exclude the need of evacuation plan around AAP nuclear power plant and eliminate the public's concern and doubt about nuclear power safety. Implementation of the AAP SCS concept is only based on use of evolutionary measures and state-of-the-art technology. So at present time it can be used for design of new-type third generation PWR nuclear power plant without severe accident risk, and for modernization of existing second generation nuclear power plant. (authors)

  5. Benefits of Building Information Modelling in the Project Lifecycle: Construction Projects in Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Li

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Building Information Modelling (BIM is a process involving the creation and management of objective data with property, unique identity and relationship. In the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC industry, BIM is adopted a lot in the lifecycle of buildings because of the high integration of information that it enables. Four-dimensional (4D computer-aided design (CAD has been adopted for many years to improve the construction planning process. BIM is adopted throughout buildings’ lifecycles, in design, construction and operation. This paper presents five large-scale public and financial projects that adopt BIM in the design, construction and operational phases. Different uses of BIM are compared and contrasted in the context of the separate backgrounds. It is concluded that productivity is improved where BIM is used to enable easy sharing and integration of information and convenient collaboration.

  6. Status and Perceptions of the Application of Building Information Modeling for Improved Building Projects Delivery in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.C Ugochukwu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Building Information Modeling (BIM is a new and innovative approach to building design, construction, and management. It is a cutting-edge, state of the art technology that is not only transforming, but improving the building delivery/production process in developed countries of the world. Sadly, Nigeria is yet to adopt this revolutionary technology in her construction industry. This study thus, sought to evaluate the present status of application of BIM in building projects in Nigeria, with a view to betoning its importance in improving the present state of building delivery in the country. This was effected by means of a field survey of building professionals in which their perceptions were analyzed, based on a structured questionnaire administration; in order to elicit their level of awareness of BIM application, determine their extent of participation in BIM projects, identify and rank the most suitable procurement method that encourages BIM application, the barriers to the application of BIM and the benefits of BIM application to building delivery in Nigeria. Results/Findings revealed that knowledge of BIM application among professionals is very poor (33%, participation/use of BIM in projects is non-existent, the collaborative method of procurement best supports BIM application, lack of awareness remains the major barrier to BIM application, while simultaneous access to project database by stakeholders is the highest ranked benefit of BIM application. The study concludes that Nigeria still has a long way to go in understanding, embracing and applying BIM to improve the traditional and stagnant state of her building delivery process. Hence, all hands should be on deck; the government, professional bodies, construction organizations and the academia to ensure that BIM becomes a priority with respect to legislations, training, research and use in the Nigerian building industry

  7. Krsko NPP radioactive waste characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In May 2005 Krsko NPP initiated the Radioactive Waste Characterization Project and commissioned its realization to the consulting company Enconet International, Zagreb. The Agency for Radwaste Management was invited to participate on the Project. The Project was successfully closed out in August 2006. The main Project goal consisted of systematization the existing and gathering the missing radiological, chemical, physical, mechanical, thermal and biological information and data on radioactive waste. In a general perspective, the Project may also be considered as a part of broader scope of activities to support state efforts to find a disposal solution for radioactive waste in Slovenia. The operational low and intermediate level radioactive waste has been structured into 6 waste streams that contain evaporator concentrates and tank sludges, spent ion resins, spent filters, compressible and non-compressible waste as well as specific waste. For each of mentioned waste streams, process schemes have been developed including raw waste, treatment and conditioning technologies, waste forms, containers and waste packages. In the paper the main results of the Characterization Project will be briefly described. The results will indicate that there are 17 different types of raw waste that have been processed by applying 9 treatment/conditioning technologies. By this way 18 different waste forms have been produced and stored into 3 types of containers. Within each type of container several combinations should be distinguished. Considering all of this, there are 34 different types of waste packages altogether that are currently stored in the Solid Radwaste Storage Facility at the Krsko NPP site. Because of these findings a new identification system has been recommended and consequently the improvement of the existing database on radioactive waste has been proposed. The potential areas of further in depth characterization are indicated. In the paper a brief description on the

  8. Reviewing NPP Cernavoda site evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nuclear Power Plant Cernavoda site was selected before the IAEA Safety Guide issue, during NUSS program development. The Romanian codes issued in 1976, as a regulatory body requirements, establish general criteria regarding safety concept and concentration limits of different radionuclides in air and water body and limits of individual or collective dose. In 1979 the Romanian Authority signed the contract with AECL to improve the CANDU-600 concept in the nuclear development programme and erection of 4 units on the Cernavoda site. The construction work started in 1980. In 1983 the former Romanian Government decided to build up another unit (finally it will be 5 units) on Cernavoda site, so the total gross electrical power we have 3,500 MW. The Canadian safety and quality standards or requirements was harmonized with the Romanian rules and regulations. Many studies, investigations and research were done to qualify the site and have a good knowledge about its characteristics coupled with CANDU-600 performance. The new evolution of the site was performed by Romanian technical staff in CITON and the final conclusions were favourable for erection and operation of NPP. The first unit of Cernavoda NPP is on operation and now the efforts are concentrated to continue the works for the unit 2. The paper underlines how the Cernavoda site characteristics meet IAEA Code of Practice and Safety Guides issued until now. (author)

  9. Belene NPP project configuration management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The configuration management includes: change identification; change assessment; change coordination; change approval or rejection; Change introduction. One of the main tasks while implementing the above processes is the analysis of the effect of one change upon all the related elements

  10. Foreign NPP decommissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Different versions of NPP decommisioning, which worked out their life are considered. Dismantling work technology as well as devices for cutting and decontamination of equipment and concrete structures are described. Data on the quantity of shutdown and dismantled NPPs are given. It is noted that to perform successfully dismantling works it is necessary to: choose NPP decommisioning version; calculate radioactivity level; substantiate necessity of decontamination; develop the plan of removal of radioactive equipment; radioactive concrete and structures; contaminated systems; transport and bury solid, liquid and gaseous radioactive and chemical wastes; evaluate the accepted solutions of dismantling from the point of view of the effect on environment; determine costs. It is shown that optimal period of complete or partial dismantling after the NPP decommisioning is 15 years. NPPs dismantling expenditures can reach 10-15% of expenditures for their construction

  11. A Belgian pilot project for zero energy office buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Ralf; Claes, Koen; Biesbroeck, Katrien

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes the office building of V&R The Solarcompany in Heusden-Zolder (Belgium). The building has very low heating and cooling demands, due to a building fabric designed according to the Passive House standard, combined with well controlled strategies for night ventilation, a ground-air heat exchanger and solar shading as well as efficient heat recovery from ventilation air, when needed. The remaining energy demand is covered by extensive use of solar energy in combination with ...

  12. Sustainable building – From role model projects to industrial transformation

    OpenAIRE

    Meistad, Torill Randi

    2015-01-01

    Background and purpose Improving energy efficiency and sustainability is a challenge for the construction industry. The United Nation’s environment programme (UNEP) and the EU’s Energy Performance of Buildings Directive require a change in building practices. The challenge is how to facilitate the transformation. The purpose of this PhD research is to increase the understanding of how the Norwegian construction industry is transforming towards sustainable building. Four issu...

  13. Design floor response spectra for Kozloduy NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation contains a detailed review of the design response spectrum for the floor of Kozloduy NPP Units 5 and 6. Design model was developed according to the plan to build this type od nuclear power plants in different regions. Calculations were done with a set of accelerograms, which includes artificial and already known recordings of earthquakes. Envelope response spectrum of the set of accelerograms is presented

  14. EMAS at Doel NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In October 1995, Doel NPP of Electrabel, Belgium opted to seek registration under the EC Eco-management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). A comprehensive environmental management system (EMS) has been introduced and implemented, encompassing all four PWRs and the supporting departments. A critical step was to seek certification from an accredited environmental auditing body against the International Standard ISO 14001. This provided the foundation for the publicly available environmental statement required by EMAS. The complications of achieving EMAS at a time when national and international standards were being re-formulated were successfully overcome and Doel NPP passed its EMAS audit in June 1997. (author)

  15. Demands on project management of comprehensive modernization projects in the electrical systems area. Example of modernization of electrical systems of Kozloduy NPP Unit 5 and 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In nuclear power plants, station supply with electric energy must be guaranteed any time. This applies in particular also during the implementation of complex electrical systems modernization projects. Highest demands on the project management, extensive experience and system knowledge are required. In the frame of the Modernization Program for the nuclear power plant Kozloduy unit 5 and 6 in Bulgaria Framatome ANP has approved its ability to implement a large scope of modernization measures during the refueling outages of the years 2003 to 2005. The Contract of the Modernization Program for the European Consortium Kozloduy (Framatome ANP, Atomenergoexport) was signed in July 1999 and became effective in June 2001. The project will be finished by May 2006, with the approval of the Updated Final Safety Analysis Report. The scope of hardware work has been implemented within 6 plant outages during the years 2002 to 2005. The focus of the Modernization Program is mainly oriented to nuclear safety aspects, with the aim of upgrading of the Units to a high safety level in compliance with international practice. A further section of the project is dedicated to upgrading of operational equipment. Framatome ANP personnel have shown that besides the technical challenges which had to be faced, also the intercultural and language barriers were successfully overcome. The good teamwork between the partners of the Consortium ECK, its Bulgarian subcontractors and with Kozloduy plant personnel has been an important success factor. (authors)

  16. Demands on project management of comprehensive modernization projects in the electrical systems area. Example of modernization of electrical systems of Kozloduy NPP Unit 5 and 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stinshoff, Helmut; Weber, Patrick [Framatome ANP GmbH, P.O. Box 3220, Freyeslebenstrasse 1, D-91050 Erlangen (Germany)

    2006-07-01

    In nuclear power plants, station supply with electric energy must be guaranteed any time. This applies in particular also during the implementation of complex electrical systems modernization projects. Highest demands on the project management, extensive experience and system knowledge are required. In the frame of the Modernization Program for the nuclear power plant Kozloduy unit 5 and 6 in Bulgaria Framatome ANP has approved its ability to implement a large scope of modernization measures during the refueling outages of the years 2003 to 2005. The Contract of the Modernization Program for the European Consortium Kozloduy (Framatome ANP, Atomenergoexport) was signed in July 1999 and became effective in June 2001. The project will be finished by May 2006, with the approval of the Updated Final Safety Analysis Report. The scope of hardware work has been implemented within 6 plant outages during the years 2002 to 2005. The focus of the Modernization Program is mainly oriented to nuclear safety aspects, with the aim of upgrading of the Units to a high safety level in compliance with international practice. A further section of the project is dedicated to upgrading of operational equipment. Framatome ANP personnel have shown that besides the technical challenges which had to be faced, also the intercultural and language barriers were successfully overcome. The good teamwork between the partners of the Consortium ECK, its Bulgarian subcontractors and with Kozloduy plant personnel has been an important success factor. (authors)

  17. NPP-2006 design safety justification for Novovoronezh plant-2 site using probabilistic safety assessment methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of probabilistic safety analysis using for the validation of the NPP-2006 project are presented. Requirements to the NPP-2006 project are considered. Peculiarities of the NPP-2006 design for conditions of the Novovoronezh NPP site including variety of equipment and operation practice, passive systems and planned repairs of safety systems during schedule work of reactor are described. Scope of probabilistic safety analysis realized on the development stage are characterized. Important questions of the probabilistic safety analysis applied for new NPPs projects are discussed

  18. NPP Krsko decommissioning concept

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the end of the operational lifetime of a nuclear power plant (NPP) it is necessary to take measures for the decommissioning as stated in different international regulations and also in the national Slovenian law. Based on these requirements Slovenian authorities requested the development of a site specific decommissioning plan for the NPP Krsko. In September 1995, the Nuklearna Elektrarna Krsko (NEK) developed a site specific scope and content for a decommissioning plan including the assumptions for determination of the decommissioning costs. The NEK Decommissioning Plan contains sufficient information to fulfill the decommissioning requirements identified by NRC, IAEA and OECD - NEA regulations. In this paper the activities and results of development of NEK Decommissioning Plan consisting of the development of three decommissioning strategies for the NPP Krsko and selection of the most suitable strategy based on site specific, social, technical, radiological and economic aspects, cost estimates for the strategies including the costs for construction of final disposal facilities for fuel/high level waste (fuel/HLW) and low/intermediate level waste (LLW/ILW) and scheduling of all activities necessary for the decommissioning of the NPP Krsko are presented. (author)

  19. NPP Krsko decommissioning concept

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the end of the operational lifetime of a nuclear power plant (NPP) it is necessary to take measures for the decommissioning as stated in different international regulations and also in the national Slovenian law. Based on these requirements Slovenian authorities requested the development of a site specific decommissioning plan for the NPP KRSKO. In September 1995, the Nuklearna Elektrarna Krsko (NEK) developed a site specific scope and content for decommissioning plan including the assumptions for determination of the decommissioning costs. The NEK Decommissioning Plan contains sufficient information to fulfill decommissioning requirements identified by NRC, IAEA and OECD - NEA regulations. In this paper the activities and the results of development of NEK Decommissioning Plan consisting of the development of three decommissioning strategies for the NPP Krsko and selection of the most suitable strategy based on site specific, social, technical, radiological and economical aspects, cost estimates for the strategies including the costs for construction of final disposal facilities for fuel/high level waste (fuel/HLW) and low/intermediate level waste (LLW/ILW) and scheduling all activities necessary for the decommissioning of the NPP KRSKO are presented. (author)

  20. Two managerial grids in NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Today, the nuclear power corporation (NPC) enjoys the profit of LCEP (the low carbon economic policy). at the same time, they also enduring more and more pressure. For example, the partner competition or the NPP potential occupational risk . The efficient counterplot of risk is the self-ability cultivation. It is essential to research the NPP managerial flow. The nuclear power plant (NPP) unit is a carrier of the NPC enterprise management system, and has taken on a new look 'pull one portion then the whole moving'. The NPP has three systematical characters, the security responsibility center, the man-machine system and the input-output system. The manufacturing system and the enterprise management system are the great constituents of the NPP managerial flows. Means of systems analysis, we can find out the truth of the NPP running interface. In CHINA, there are many operating experiences near 20 years. It indicates that the NPP manufacturing system and the enterprise system are the roots of the nuclear power corporation, the core of the all NPP systems must be based on it. So the ability cultivation is the work core to NPP. It is reliably to ensure the NPP to be up against problems, for instance, the security duty, the costing control and the man-machine system running harmoniously. This paper introduces the NPP managerial flow and the present state of QNPC, also come up with a proposal to refer for the NPC development actions of collective measure, specialization, standardization, fine. (author)

  1. Seismic response analysis and upgrading design of pump houses of Kozloduy NPP units 5 and 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main objective of the presented project was to perform a feasibility study for seismic/structural evaluation of the safety related structures at Kozloduy NPP Units 5 and 6 for the new site seismicity and determine if they satisfy current international safety standards. The evaluation of the Pump House 3 (PH3) building is addressed in this paper, which was carried out by applying appropriate modeling techniques combined with failure mode and seismic margin analyses. The scope of the work defined was to present the required enhancement of the seismic capacity of the Pump House structures.(author)

  2. Sitting Safety Aspects of Second Romanian NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first Romanian NPP CANDU 6 type reactor gone to erection in 1980 on Cernavoda site planned to have 5 units like the Wolsong applied design project for nuclear island. For the BOP parts the ASALDO-GE project was applied with the careful about the interface connection NSP requirements. The new NPP sitting studies began from 1982 in a serious manner as first part on Nuclear Power Plant Romanian Program adopted by political and governmental authorities at the time. For develop the all package of the studies in concordance with the first IAEA Safety Standards recommendations. Till the 1982 the first mission of design and research multi-branch of specialists team was to adapt the NPP Cernavoda project having a open water cooling circuit to the new parameters of close water cooling circuit. But the team was looking at the other type of NPP for sitting. Also in the same time was studied the possibility of NSP foundation on hard less or soft soil foundation strata in connection with safety aspects. The close circuit of cooling water means others parameters of systems and need very large cooling towers. Also must be reconsidering the safety systems design and performance as new solution. In the south of Transylvania historical region in Romania the Olt River run from west to east having medium multi annual flow around 70 m3/s. The Olt River has a chain of small hydropower in operation and other planned. From geological and geophysical points of view two main faults, along the Olt river valley, one of this having seismically small activities was detected. Site region geotechnical studies show small quantity underground natural gas, salt and peat. The initial nuclear program has imposed 4 NPP units site near Olt River. Taking into account the orogenesis, water cooling needs and other local feature can't be built more than two NPP units on a site. This paper tries to reconsider the old analysis from the last IAEA Safety Standards point of view taking into account the new

  3. 10 Steps to Building an Architecture for Space Surveillance Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gyorko, E.; Barnhart, E.; Gans, H.

    collect, and also the appropriate views to generate. The steps include 1) determining the context of the enterprise, including active elements and high level capabilities or goals; 2) determining the desired effects of the capabilities and mapping capabilities against the project plan; 3) determining operational performers and their inter-relationships; 4) building information and data dictionaries; 5) defining resources associated with capabilities; 6) determining the operational behavior necessary to achieve each capability; 7) analyzing existing or planned implementations to determine systems, services and software; 8) cross-referencing system behavior to operational behavioral; 9) documenting system threads and functional implementations; and 10) creating any required textual documentation from the model.

  4. System comparative analysis of the most advanced pressured water reactors (PWR, WWER) and boiling water reactors (BWR) projects with the aim to choose the reactors for NPP construction in Kazakhstan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The official decision on construction of a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in Kazakhstan has been accepted by the Kazakhstan government. The results on the choice of the power reactors projects of the NPP are given in the report. The choice has been carried out with the aim to develop recommendation on reactors of the NPP for construction in Kazakhstan. The choice of the reactors was based on the system comparative analysis of the most advanced power reactors projects using 15 criteria system of the nuclear, radiating and ecological safety and economic competitiveness. Following Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR, WWR) projects have been subjected to the system comparative analysis: 1) Large Sized Reactors (700 MW(el) and up): such as EPR, developed by Germany Siemens and France Framatome companies; CANDU-9, heavy-water reactor, developed by Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd (AECL); System 80+, developed by ABB Combustion Engineering company, USA; KNGR, Korean reactor of the next generation, developed by Korea Power Engineering Company, Inc.; APWR, Japanese advanced reactor, developed by Japan Atomic Power Company, Japan, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Japan and Westinghouse Electric Company, USA; WWER-1000 (V-392) - development by Atomenergoproect /Gydropress, Russian Federation; EP 1000, European passive reactor, development by Westinghouse, USA/Genesi, Italy. 2) Medium Sized Reactors (300 MWe - 700 MWe): AP-600, passive PWR, developed by the Westinghouse company; CANDU-6, heavy-water reactor, developed by Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd (AECL); An-tilde-600, passive PWR, developed by Nuclear Power Institute of China; WWER-640, Russian passive reactor, developed by 0KB ''Gidropress'' Experimental and Design Office, Russian Federation; MS-600, developed by Mitsubishi Company; KSNP-600, developed by Korea Power Engineering Company, Inc., South Korea. 3) Small Sized Reactors (a few MWe- 300 MWe): IRIS, reactor of IV generation, developed by the International Corporation of 13

  5. Quality Assurance Program Plan for Project W-379: Spent Nuclear Fuels Canister Storage Building Projec

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document describes the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for the Spent Nuclear Fuels (SNF) Canister Storage Building (CSB) Project. The purpose of this QAPP is to control project activities ensuring achievement of the project mission in a safe, consistent and reliable manner

  6. High Performance Building Facade Solutions PIER Final Project Report

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Eleanor

    2011-01-01

    Building facades directly influence heating and cooling loads and indirectly influence lighting loads when daylighting is considered, and are therefore a major determinant of annual energy use and peak electric demand. Facades also significantly influence occupant comfort and satisfaction, making the design optimization challenge more complex than many other building systems. This work focused on addressing significant near-term opportunities to reduce energy use in California commercial ...

  7. Stade NPP. Dismantling of the reactor pool

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scharf, Daniel; Dziwis, Joachim [E.ON Anlagenservice GmbH Nukleartechnik, Gelsenkirchen (Germany); Kemp, Lutz-Hagen [KKW Stade GmbH und Co. oHG, Stade (Germany)

    2012-11-01

    Within the scope of the 4{sup th} partial decommissioning permission of Stade NPP the activated and contaminated structures of the reactor pool had to be dismantled in order to gain a completely non-radioactive reactor pool area for the subsequent clearance measurement of the reactor building. In order to achieve the aim it was intended to remove the activated pool liner sheets, its activated framework and several contaminated ventilation channels made of stainless steel, the concrete walls of the reactor pool entirely or in parts depending on their activation level, as well as the remaining activated carbon steel structures of the reactor pool bottom. Embedded in the concrete walls there were several highly contaminated excore tubes and the contaminated pool top edge, which were intended to be removed to its full extent. The contract of the Stade NPP initiated reactor pool dismantling project had been awarded to E.ON Anlagenservice GmbH (EAS) and its subsupplier sat. Kerntechnik GmbH for the concrete dismantling works and was performed as follows. In order to minimize the radiation level in the main working area in accordance with the ALARA principle, the liner sheets and middle parts of its framework were removed by means of angle grinders first, as they were the most dose rate relevant parts. As a result the primary average radiation level in the reactor pool (measured in a distance of 500 mm from the walls) was lowered from 40 {mu}Sv/h to less than 2 {mu}Sv/h. After the minimization of the radiation level in the working area the main dismantling step started with the cutting of the reactor pool walls in blocks by means of diamond rope cutters. Once a concrete block was cut out, it was transported into the fuel pool by means of a crane and crane fork, examined radiologically, marked area by area and segmented to debris by means of an electrical excavator with a hydraulic chisel. Afterwards the debris and carbon steel parts were fractioned and packed for further

  8. Stade NPP. Dismantling of the reactor pool

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the scope of the 4th partial decommissioning permission of Stade NPP the activated and contaminated structures of the reactor pool had to be dismantled in order to gain a completely non-radioactive reactor pool area for the subsequent clearance measurement of the reactor building. In order to achieve the aim it was intended to remove the activated pool liner sheets, its activated framework and several contaminated ventilation channels made of stainless steel, the concrete walls of the reactor pool entirely or in parts depending on their activation level, as well as the remaining activated carbon steel structures of the reactor pool bottom. Embedded in the concrete walls there were several highly contaminated excore tubes and the contaminated pool top edge, which were intended to be removed to its full extent. The contract of the Stade NPP initiated reactor pool dismantling project had been awarded to E.ON Anlagenservice GmbH (EAS) and its subsupplier sat. Kerntechnik GmbH for the concrete dismantling works and was performed as follows. In order to minimize the radiation level in the main working area in accordance with the ALARA principle, the liner sheets and middle parts of its framework were removed by means of angle grinders first, as they were the most dose rate relevant parts. As a result the primary average radiation level in the reactor pool (measured in a distance of 500 mm from the walls) was lowered from 40 μSv/h to less than 2 μSv/h. After the minimization of the radiation level in the working area the main dismantling step started with the cutting of the reactor pool walls in blocks by means of diamond rope cutters. Once a concrete block was cut out, it was transported into the fuel pool by means of a crane and crane fork, examined radiologically, marked area by area and segmented to debris by means of an electrical excavator with a hydraulic chisel. Afterwards the debris and carbon steel parts were fractioned and packed for further treatment

  9. Marginal Productivity Gained Through Prefabrication: Case Studies of Building Projects in Auckland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wajiha Shahzad

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Several studies have documented benefits of prefabrication system (prefab compared to the traditional building system (TBS. However, the documented benefits have been anecdotal or fragmented with reports of isolated case study projects. Few studies have looked at the objectively quantified benefits from statistical significance point of view and across building types in New Zealand. This study contributes to filling this knowledge gap by analyzing cost and time-savings, and productivity improvement achievable by the use of prefab in place of the TBS. Records of completion times and final contract values of 66 building projects implemented using prefab in Auckland were collected. The building types included commercial, houses, apartments, educational, and community buildings. The project details included final contract sums, completion dates, gross floor areas, and number of floors. Based on these details, the equivalent completion times and the final cost estimates for similar buildings implemented using the TBS were obtained from the Rawlinsons construction data handbook and feedback from some designers and contractors. Marginal productivity outcome for each building project was computed as the product of the cost and time-savings achieved using the prefab. Results showed that the use of prefab in place of TBS resulted in 34% and 19% average reductions in the completion times and costs, respectively. This also translated to overall 7% average improvement in the productivity outcomes in the building projects. Univariate ANOVA-based hypothesis test results showed that ‘building type’ had no significant effects on the cost and productivity improvement outcomes, but had significant effect on the time savings analyzed in the case study projects. The greatest productivity gain of 11% was achieved in house projects. These evidence-based results could guide optimized use of prefab for specific building application. The hypothesis-testing outcome

  10. Building an Experiential Learning Model for a Project Management Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kuan C.; Chuang, Keh-Wen

    2009-01-01

    Teaching students to become project management professionals requires a real world experience. Incorporating live clients into student projects, instead of using case studies or mock companies, adds a dimension that exposes students to the realities of project management. This paper will describe a structured methodology used in a project…

  11. Safe 15 Terawatt of Temelin NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work author presents a project Safe 15 Terawatt realised on the Temelin NPP. This project is one of the eight key projects of the CEZ group, associated in the 'Programme of efficiency'. The project started in June 2007 with long-term goals for horizon of year 2012. The safety indicators will be reached of the first quarter level of world's nuclear power plant - by the end of the first decade. By the end of year 2012 we will have achieved annual production of 15 billion kWh - in the Czech Republic: 15 Terawatt.

  12. Research on Priority Selection for Green Transformation Projects in Existing Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YANG Fan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available There were huge stock of existing buildings,most of them were high energy consumption buildings in China.Green transformation in existing buildings was the only way to improve building use function,reduce energy consumption,save resources,and improve the service life of buildings.While quantity of transformation was huge,priority selection of transformation project was necessary in shortage of social resources.The index system was established from fund raising,transformation efficiency,project implementation three aspects.Entropy method was used to determine the index weight,and the model of project priority selection was established based on fuzzy comprehensive evaluation.Finally,the feasibility of the model was verified through the example,and some policy suggestions were put forward.

  13. Analysis of the Prescriptions for Energy Quality Buildings in Three Parisian Urban Development Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charlotte Tardieu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In Paris (France, urban projects currently cover 10% of the territory. In the context of rising energy costs and the fight against climate change, reducing energy consumption in buildings and transportation is an unavoidable issue for these urban projects. While many studies analyse assessment tools and sustainability frameworks, only a few focus on developer practices. We describe how energy issues are integrated into urban development, focusing on three projects located in Paris. We compare environmental specifications made within these three projects to ensure high energy quality of the planned buildings. We observed that the way of prescribing energy performances varies from project to project. Differences in priorities from one engineering firm to another lead to a high variability of parameters identified to ensure high building energy performances.&

  14. World's first NPP and its role in nuclear power development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: On 26th of June 2004, it will be 50 years anniversary of start-up of the World's First Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP). This small size nuclear power plant that was constructed on the site of Laboratory 'V' (now State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation - Institute for Physics and Power Engineering) has become a symbol of peaceful use of nuclear energy. As long ago as before the Second World War and during the War, proposals on the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes including electricity production, were made by Academicians V.I. Vernadsky, S.I. Vavilov and P.L. Kapitsa. Based on these proposals, a Decree was issued by the Council of Ministers of the USSR in December 1946, in which the objectives of peaceful application of nuclear energy were first stated. However, target-oriented, intensive work on the designs of power reactors began after successful nuclear weapon test in 1949. Academician I.V. Kurchatov, manager of Nuclear Project of the USSR, became scientific supervisor of this work, while L.P. Beriya, Head of Special Committee and B.L. Vannikov, Head of the First General Board were administrative leaders. In May 1950, the Governmental Decree was issued on the construction at Laboratory 'V' of 'V-10' facility including three reactor units and separate machine building with a 5000 kW turbine generator. AM facility, the first nuclear power plant, was determined as the first priority. Initial evaluation of AM reactor neutronics was performed at Laboratory 2 under the leadership of I.V. Kurchatov, reactor design was developed at the SKB-5 NIIKHIMMASH under the leadership of Professor N.A. Dollezhal, and the LPI (A.I. Gutov) was the General Architect of the Project. On the proposal of I.V. Kurchatov, in March 1951, Laboratory 'V' became the scientific supervisor of justification of the First NPP physical characteristics. The First NPP was designed and constructed in four and a half years. Under condition of permanent lack of time and hard

  15. Do-It-Now building maintenance reengineering project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Apoddaca, L.; Ayotte, A.; Coffman, J.; Dukes, L.; Jojola, S.; Kadlec, J.; Letourneau, S.; Matthews, R.; Paul, G.

    1996-09-01

    The Do-It-Now (DIN) building maintenance system is proposed to reduce the cost of routine building maintenance and repairs and to improve customer satisfaction with maintenance services. DIN uses a team approach to periodically inspect buildings and provide maintenance services on the spot. It emphasizes communications between the customers and the craftspeople performing the work. The system was designed using a reengineering approach that characterized the existing maintenance work control system, analyzed comparable systems in other DOE laboratories, envisioned an ideal system, and proposed a workable, testable system for initial implementation. At each stage, input was solicited from customer representatives and Facilities management to ensure meeting customer requirements with an implementable system.

  16. Silicon-Carbide (SIC) Multichip Power Modules (MCPMS) For Power Building Block Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to prove the feasibility of developing high power density modular power electronic building blocks...

  17. Overview of building information modelling in healthcare projects

    OpenAIRE

    Pikas, Ergo; Koskela, Lauri; Sapountzis, Stelios; Dave, Bhargav; Owen, Robert

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we explore how BIM functionalities together with novel management concepts and methods have been utilized in thirteen hospital projects in the United States and the United Kingdom. Secondary data collection and analysis were used as the method. Initial findings indicate that the utilization of BIM enables a holistic view of project delivery and helps to integrate project parties into a collaborative process. The initiative to implement BIM must come from the top down to enab...

  18. MODEL OF COMPETITIVE MANAGEMENT OF REGIONAL BUILDING PROJECTS

    OpenAIRE

    BARKALOV S.A.; PORYADINA V.L.

    2016-01-01

    This article describes the verbal model underlying the development of a software decision support competitive regional management of construction projects. Competitive management of projects is understood as the purposeful process beginning with the organisation and carrying out of competition in which result projects-applicants are ordered on the basis of certain criteria, then the winner (or winners) the applicant who has won first place (or, accordingly, some first places depending on comp...

  19. School Buildings in Greece: The Bioclimatic Challenge and a Photovoltaic Pilot Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patargias, Panagiotis A.; Angela, Kalianou; Galanis, George; Vassilopoulou, Marina; Drosou, Maria; Protogeropoulos, Christos

    2007-01-01

    Greece's School Buildings Organisation (SBO) is developing bioclimatic pilot schemes which are yielding positive results. Bioclimatic action has been one of the principal priorities of Greek school infrastructure planning since 2004. Among the activities undertaken by SBO to use renewable energy sources in school buildings is a pilot project to…

  20. Measuring the Scale of a Minoan Building Project. Methodological and Interpretive Issues

    OpenAIRE

    Devolder, Maud; ‘Organisation großer Bauvorhaben in altorientalischen Gesellschaften’, 24.-25.04.2014, Berlin, organised by TOPOI - (B-2) XXL – Monumentalized Knowledge: Extra-Large Projects in Ancient Civilizations

    2014-01-01

    The presentation evaluates the manpower involved in the construction of a sample of 23 Neopalatial buildings (Crete) through an energetic approach by estimating the time (expressed in person-hours) invested in building projects. It addresses the impact of construction on the communities, the status and availability of the builders, and the perception and use of material, structural and symbolic features in Minoan architecture.

  1. Intelligent system for accident identification in NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Accidental situations in NPP are great concern for operators, the facility, regulatory bodies and the environmental. This work proposes a design of intelligent system aimed to assist the operator in the process of decision making initiator events with higher relative contribution to the reactor core damage occur. The intelligent System uses the results of the pre-operational Probabilistic safety Assessment and the Thermal hydraulic Safety Analysis of the NPP Juragua as source for building its knowledge base. The nucleus of the system is presented as a design of an intelligent hybrid from the combination of the artificial intelligence techniques fuzzy logic and artificial neural networks. The system works with variables from the process of the first circuit, second circuit and the containment and it is presented as a model for the integration of safety analyses in the process of decision making by the operator when tackling with accidental situations

  2. Cost estimate classification and accuracy for Major Industrial Plant Projects (MIPP) versus building construction in Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Erbe, Anita

    2014-01-01

    Ongoing pressure on prices for construction projects adds to the significance of cost estimation accuracy in building construction. Due to competition from Asian entrants, main contractors in the plant engineering industry are starting to face a similar situation. In the present paper, the cost estimation standards for Major Industrial Plant Projects (MIPP) are analyzed and compared with the cost estimation standards for Building Construction (BC). The research method uses a literature and st...

  3. The Contractor Perception Towers Industrialised Building System Risk in Construction Projects in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Salihudin Hassim; Mohd S. Jaafar; Saiful A.A.H. Sazalli

    2009-01-01

    The use of IBS (Industrialised Building System) has attracted a lot of countries like Singapore, Sweden, Germany, Japan and the United Kingdom. This system can replace the conventional building system which is labour oriented. However, since the first project of IBS in year 1964 till today, IBS in Malaysia is not well accepted by the construction parties because of failure to adequately deal with risks in the IBS projects. To address this matter, this study had identified the risks faced by c...

  4. Costomer focus in the project communications management (on the example of house building)

    OpenAIRE

    Фесенко, Тетяна Григорівна; Мінаєв, Дмитро Михайлович

    2014-01-01

    Current researches on forming high-quality living space in the context of the anthropocentric concept of building were analyzed. Peculiarities of communications management in housing projects were described. A communicative model for housing project management was outlined. Information model of housing project management by structural decompositions of subjects, objects and processes was presented. A comparative analysis of the structure of the processes of field of knowledge “Project communi...

  5. Comfort of workers in office buildings: The European HOPE project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bluyssen, P.M.; Aries, M.; Dommelen, P. van

    2011-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that building, social and personal factors can influence one's perceived health and comfort. The aim of the underlying study was to get a better understanding of the relationships between these factors and perceived comfort. Self-administered questionnaires from 5732 resp

  6. Building a Creative Ecosystem: The Young Designers on Location Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Dan; Howe, Alan; Haywood, Susan

    2004-01-01

    This article reports on findings from a research project designed to explore ways in which creativity can be fostered through interactions between selected children, particular environments, materials, techniques and key adults. The Young Designers on Location (YDoL) project was funded by the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts…

  7. Building Context with Tumor Growth Modeling Projects in Differential Equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beier, Julie C.; Gevertz, Jana L.; Howard, Keith E.

    2015-01-01

    The use of modeling projects serves to integrate, reinforce, and extend student knowledge. Here we present two projects related to tumor growth appropriate for a first course in differential equations. They illustrate the use of problem-based learning to reinforce and extend course content via a writing or research experience. Here we discuss…

  8. Control of NPP aging processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concept of the control program on the NPP aging processes is considered. The methodological algorithms for the working programs plotting and realization, intended for accomplishing the measures for mitigating the aging mechanisms and factors, effecting the NPP safety, are presented. The efficiency of the equipment for the aging processes control and power units systems, aimed at the control of the NPP service life, is analyzed

  9. Decommissioning database of V1 NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 2001, the preparation of V1 NPP practical decommissioning has been supported and partly financed by the Bohunice International Decommissioning Support Fund (BIDSF), under the administration of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. AMEC Nuclear Slovakia, together with partners STM Power and EWN GmbH, have been carrying out BIDSF B6.4 project - Decommissioning database development (June 2008 until July 2010). The main purpose of the B6.4 project is to develop a comprehensive physical and radiological inventory database to support RAW management development of the decommissioning studies and decommissioning project of Bohunice V1 NPP. AMEC Nuclear Slovakia was responsible mainly for DDB design, planning documents and physical and radiological characterization including sampling and analyses of the plant controlled area. After finalization of all activities DDB includes over 75.000 records related to individual equipment and civil structures described by almost 3.000.000 parameters. On the basis of successful completion of the original contract the amendment was signed between JAVYS and Consultant's Consortium related to experimental characterization of NPP activated components. The works within this amendment have been still running. (authors)

  10. Standard Measurement and Verification Plan for Lighting Retrofit Projects for Buildings and Building Sites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richman, Eric E.

    2012-10-31

    This document provides a framework for standard measurement and verification (M&V) of lighting retrofit and replacement projects. It was developed to provide site owners, contractors, and other involved organizations with the essential elements of a robust M&V plan for lighting projects. It includes details on all aspects of effectively measuring light levels of existing and post-retrofit projects, conducting power measurement, and developing cost-effectiveness analysis. This framework M&V plan also enables consistent comparison among similar lighting projects, and may be used to develop M&V plans for non--lighting-technology retrofits and new installations.

  11. Knowledge transfer from facilities management to building projects: A typology of transfer mechanisms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Per Anker

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to present a typology of mechanisms for knowledge transfer from Facilities Management (FM) to building projects. One of the problems in the building industry is a limited degree of learning. The development of professional FM can be the missing link to bridge the gap...... typology is divided in two parts, both based on mechanisms of knowledge push and knowledge pull. The first part has the main focus on the effectiveness of the building requirements and design by knowledge transfer from FM to building project from the front end. Briefing is a central element in this part....... The second part has the main focus on efficiency of building performance and operation by knowledge transfer from FM from the back end. Commissioning is a central element in this part. The typology consists of four mechanisms of front end knowledge transfer and four mechanisms of back end knowledge...

  12. Hydrodynamic model of Fukushima-Daiichi NPP Industrial site flooding

    CERN Document Server

    Vaschenko, V N; Gerasimenko, T V; Vachev, B

    2014-01-01

    While the Fukushima-Daiichi was designed and constructed the maximal tsunami height estimate was about 3 m based on analysis of statistical data including Chile earthquake in 1960. The NPP project industrial site height was 10 m. The further deterministic estimates TPCO-JSCE confirmed the impossibility of the industrial site flooding by a tsunami and therefore confirmed ecological safety of the NPP. However, as a result of beyond design earthquake of 11 March 2011 the tsunami height at the shore near the Fukushima-Daiichi NPP reached 15 m. This led to flooding and severe emergencies having catastrophic environmental consequences. This paper proposes hydrodynamic model of tsunami emerging and traveling based on conservative assumptions. The possibility of a tsunami wave reaching 15 m height at the Fukushima-Daiichi NPP shore was confirmed for deduced hydrodynamic resistance coefficient of 1.8. According to the model developed a possibility of flooding is determined not only by the industrial site height, magni...

  13. Human Resources Training Requirement on NPP Operation and Maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discussed the human resources requirement on Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) operation and maintenance (O&M) phase related with the training required for O&M personnel. In addition, this paper also briefly discussed the availability of training facilities domestically include with some suggestion to develop the training facilities intended for the near future time in Indonesia. This paper was developed under the assumptions that Indonesia will build twin unit of NPP with capacity 1000 MWe for each using the turnkey contract method. The total of NPP O&M personnel were predicted about 692 peoples which consists of 42 personnel located in the head quarter and the rest 650 people work at NPP site. Up until now, Indonesia had the experience on operating and maintaining the nonnuclear power plant and several research reactors namely Kartini Reactor Yogyakarta, Triga Mark II Reactor Bandung, and GA Siwabessy Reactor Serpong. Beside that, experience on operating and maintaining the NPP in other countries would act as one of the reference to Indonesia in formulating an appropriate strategy to develop NPP human resources particularly in O&M phases. Education and training development program could be done trough the cooperation with vendor candidates. (author)

  14. Programmes design for Bohunice NPP personnel other than control room operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with project development of training programmes for non-licenced NPP personnel-masters, field operators, maintenance and technical supporting personnel. The programme development focuses on the part stage and on the job training at NPP. Bohunice NPP belongs to plants with higher specific number of personnel per installed power capacity. This factor also influenced the choice of programmes design. Undermentioned procedure is one of various approaches to SAT exploitation for training programmes design. (author)

  15. Building

    OpenAIRE

    Seavy, Ryan

    2014-01-01

    Building for concrete is temporary. The building of wood and steel stands against the concrete to give form and then gives way, leaving a trace of its existence behind. Concrete is not a building material. One does not build with concrete. One builds for concrete.

  16. Russian NPP I and C systems and NPP safety problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The long experience of nuclear power plant (NPP) operation both in Russia and over the world confirms that both power and economic characteristics as well as NPP safety depend on possibilities and specifications of instrumentation and control (I and C) systems. That is why the more serious attention is paid to the problems of improvement of I and C systems in all countries

  17. Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project approach to building dismantlement and demolition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When remediation began at the Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project (WSSRAP), there were 41 buildings on site. Twenty-nine of these buildings were ancillary structures and were not used for processing radioactive material. Most of these have been torn down. The remaining 12 buildings were used for uranium and thorium processing or were major support structures, such as the laboratory. Two of the buildings were major processing operations occurred were successfully demolished in February of this year. Demolition of all structures will be complete in September of this year. To give an understanding of the magnitude of the work, the following is a description of the physical characteristics of the green salt building. This building was used to convert brown oxide (UO3) to green salt (UF4), which is the last intermediate step in purifying the mostly yellow cake feed material into uranium metal

  18. The Turkish Build-Operate-Transfer power project experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Managing a Build-Operate-Transfer development process is a tremendous opportunity and challenge for developing countries. With the engineering and construction group Bechtel, Turkey has been at the forefront of the movement to capture the benefits of private sector initiative, capital investment and management efficiency for the expansion of their national electric power generating capacity. Bechtel was closely involved in that process over the four-year period 1985-1988. This article aims to give an experienced perspective of the process. (5 figures, 2 tables). (author)

  19. Building Watson: An Overview of the DeepQA Project

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrucci, David; IBM T. J. Watson Research Center; Brown, Eric; IBM T. J. Watson Research Center; Chu-Carroll, Jennifer; IBM T. J. Watson Research Center; Fan, James; IBM T. J. Watson Research Center; Gondek, David; IBM T. J. Watson Research Center; Kalyanpur, Aditya A.; IBM T. J. Watson Research Center; Lally, Adam; IBM T. J. Watson Research Center; Murdock, J. William; IBM T. J. Watson Research Center; Nyberg, Eric; Carnegie Mellon University; Prager, John; IBM T. J. Watson Research Center; Schlaefer, Nico; Carnegie Mellon University; Welty, Chris; IBM T. J. Watson Research Center

    2010-01-01

    IBM Research undertook a challenge to build a computer system that could compete at the human champion level in real time on the American TV Quiz show, Jeopardy! The extent of the challenge includes fielding a real-time automatic contestant on the show, not merely a laboratory exercise. The Jeopardy! Challenge helped us address requirements that led to the design of the DeepQA architecture and the implementation of Watson. After 3 years of intense research and development by a core team of ab...

  20. Feasibility Study of Nuclear Energy Development in Armenia: Evaluation of Human Resources Needs in Conjunction with New Build

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This case study provides a brief summary of the IAEA technical cooperation project report ARM 005 Feasibility Study of Nuclear Energy Development in Armenia: Evaluation of Human Resource Needs in Conjunction with a New NPP Build. The ARM 005 report represents one of the chapters of the feasibility study, addressing human resources management issues. The project also evaluated activities associated with developing the human resources capabilities that would be required by any country planning to build a new nuclear power unit

  1. ASEAN-USAID Buildings Energy Conservation Project. Final report, Volume 3: Audits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loewen, J.M.; Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F. [eds.

    1992-06-01

    The auditing subproject of the ASEAN-USAID Buildings Energy Conservation Project has generated a great deal of auditing activity throughout the ASEAN region. Basic building characterisfic and energy consumption data were gathered for over 200 buildings and are presented in this volume. A large number of buildings were given more detailed audits and were modeled with either the ASEAM-2 computer program or the more complex DOE-2 program. These models were used to calculate the savings to be generated by conservabon measures. Specially audits were also conducted, including lighting and thermal comfort surveys. Many researchers in the ASEAN region were trained to perform energy audits in a series of training courses and seminars. The electricity intensifies of various types of ASEAN buildings have been calculated. A comparison to the electricity intensity of the US building stock tentatively concludes that ASEAN office buildings are comparable, first class hotels and retail stores are more ewctricity intensive than their US counterparts, and hospitals are less intensive. Philippine and Singapore lighting surveys indicate that illuminance levels in offices tend to be below the minimum accepted standard. Computer simulations of the energy use in various building types generally agree that for most ASEAN buildings, electricity consumption for air-conditioning (including fan power) consumes approximately 60% of total building electricity. A review of the many studies made during the Project to calculate the savings from energy conservation opportunities (ECOS) shows a median potential savings of approximately 10%, with some buildings saving as much as 50%. Singapore buildings, apparently as a result of previously implemented efficient energy-use practices, shows a lower potential for savings than the other ASEAN nations. Air-conditioning ECOs hold the greatest potential for savings.

  2. Building a Sustainable Project Management Capacity in Cyprus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Steven J.; Esque, Timm J.; Novak, M. Mari; Cermakova, Anna

    2012-01-01

    The performance-driven project management program examined in this article was funded to support a variety of technical assistance efforts designed to strengthen the performance of small and medium enterprises in the Turkish Cypriot community in Cyprus. The customized program combined progressive workshops with hands-on and distance coaching by…

  3. Organizational effectiveness of building project organisations and greenfields to develop

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koolwijk, J.S.J.; Vrijhoef, R.; Van Oel, C.J.; Van der Kuij, R.S.; Wamelink, J.W.F.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore and categorise the different approaches used to determine organizational effectiveness of construction project organizations. First, the conceptualization of organizational effectiveness is reviewed. This resulted in three main approaches that are used to cate

  4. Organizing infrastructure: building infrastructure projects in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Giezen

    2008-01-01

    The paper, which reconstructs the evolution of infrastructure planning in Holland, offers a view of the transformations that have taken place in the legislative and financial context for projects, with a particular focus on the consultation procedures followed to guarantee the feasibility of program

  5. Analysis of Installed Measures and Energy Savings for Single-Family Residential Better Buildings Projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heaney, M. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Polly, B. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-04-30

    This report presents an analysis of data for residential single-family projects reported by 37 organizations that were awarded federal financial assistance (cooperative agreements or grants) by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Better Buildings Neighborhood Program.1 The report characterizes the energy-efficiency measures installed for single-family residential projects and analyzes energy savings and savings prediction accuracy for measures installed in a subset of those projects.

  6. Analysis of the Prescriptions for Energy Quality Buildings in Three Parisian Urban Development Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Charlotte Tardieu; Morgane Colombert; Youssef Diab; Olivier Blanpain

    2015-01-01

    In Paris (France), urban projects currently cover 10% of the territory. In the context of rising energy costs and the fight against climate change, reducing energy consumption in buildings and transportation is an unavoidable issue for these urban projects. While many studies analyse assessment tools and sustainability frameworks, only a few focus on developer practices. We describe how energy issues are integrated into urban development, focusing on three projects located in Paris. We compar...

  7. Cost Control During the Pre-Contract Stage of a Building Project – An Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Cunningham, Tony

    2015-01-01

    Cost overruns are commonplace on construction projects. One of the most important tasks carried out by quantity surveyors (QS) involves providing advice to clients and design team colleagues to enable the design to be finalised within the approved budget. This financial management process is referred to as cost control. Cost control seeks to deliver a high degree of cost certainty during the various stages of the building project in order that the project can be completed within budget. Su...

  8. Project-Oriented University – Building the Capability for Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul DOBRESCU

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Global economy is increasingly a knowledge economy, making people’s skills and qualifications more important than traditional power indicators such as territory, geography, natural resources. Globalization imposes new rhythms of performance to every economic or social field. Higher education is no exception to this, since it lies at the interface with the external environment, where skills and qualifications will be used and exploited for economic benefits. Universities are under a two-fold pressure. First, they provide services, knowledge, skills for fast-moving sectors. The knowledge and skills may quickly become obsolete and irrelevant for the economy. Second, universities need to innovate and to adapt to situations of constant change. Both types of pressure force universities to develop their capability for innovation, which becomes a prerequisite for survival. The purpose of this paper is to explain the concept of projectoriented university as a type of university that explicitly uses projects to perform processes of medium to high complexity, thus allowing it to deal with the increasing turbulence and dynamics of its environments. This concept is premised on the idea that there is a connection between a university’s maturity in project management and its managerial competitiveness and innovativeness. The concept inherits the conceptual core of the model of the projectoriented company and it comprises two components. The former is concerned with the structural dimensions of project management, “the hard” component – processes, procedures, organizational structures, terminology. The latter is concerned with the social dimension of project management, the “soft” component – skills, attitudes, competences, project management culture. Empirical results are considered representative for the Romanian higher education system as a whole, with due nuances and exceptions.

  9. NPP Temelin. Status of safety improvements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The WWER-1000 Temelin NPP under construction has been subjected as other NPPs of the same type to numerous project reviews resulting in quite a number of recommendations for design changes. Results of the IAEA mission to review the resolution of WWER-1000 safety issues at Temelin NPP are cited in this paper. The main conclusions emphasize that a combination of eastern and western technology and practices led to safety improvements in comparison with the international practices. Plant managers are clearly committed to implementation of operational programs which are consistent with effective western operational safety practices. Considerable effort remains to bring planned programs to successful implementation, in particular in meeting the need to foster strong safety culture among all personnel

  10. Preparation for Ignalina NPP decommissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Latest developments of atomic energy in Lithuania, works done to prepare Ignalina NPP for final shutdown and decommissioning are described. Information on decommissioning program for Ignalina NPP unit 1, decommissioning method, stages and funding is presented. Other topics: radiation protection, radioactive waste management and disposal. Key facts related to nuclear energy in Lithuania are listed

  11. Supercompaction of radioactive waste at NPP Krsko

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problem of radioactive waste management is both scientifically and technically complex and also deeply emotional issue. In the last twenty years the first two aspects have been mostly resolved up to the point of safe implementation. In the Republic of Slovenia, certain fundamentalist approaches in politics and the use of radioactive waste problem as a political tool, brought the final radioactive repository siting effort to a stop. Although small amounts of radioactive waste are produced in research institutes, hospitals and industry, major source of radioactive waste in Slovenia is the Nuclear Power Plant Krsko. When Krsko NPP was originally built, plans were made to construct a permanent radioactive waste disposal facility. This facility was supposed to be available to receive waste from the plant long before the on site storage facility was full. However, the permanent disposal facility is not yet available, and it became necessary to retain the wastes produced at the plant in the on-site storage facility for an extended period of time. Temporary radioactive storage capacity at the plant site has limited capacity and having no other options available NPP Krsko is undertaking major efforts to reduce waste volume generated to allow normal operation. This article describes the Radioactive Waste Compaction Campaign performed from November, 1994 through November, 1995 at Krsko NPP, to enhance the efficiency and safety of storage of radioactive waste. The campaign involved the retrieval, segmented gamma-spectrum measurement, dose rate measurement, compaction, re-packaging, and systematic storage of radioactive wastes which had been stored in the NPP radioactive waste storage building since plant commissioning. (author)

  12. Value concepts and value based collaboration in building projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Per Anker

    Value has in recent years become a popular term in management theory and practice in general as well as in economic theory and architectural management. This paper attempts to clarify the various uses and meanings of concepts of value/values. Six different value concepts are identified. The ori......-gin and use of value concepts in classic and modern economic theory and in management theory is outlined. The question of objectivity and subjectivity is discussed in relation to economic value and customer value. Value creation is put in relation to development in products and processes and a number of...... design strategies are identified. The concept and methods of value based management and collaboration is discussed in this context. The paper is mainly theoretical and based on work during a MBA study in 2002-04 as well as many years of experience as building client and facilities manager....

  13. Joint Arab project for building of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently many Arab countries have expressed their interest in adopting nuclear power for electricity generation and seawater desalination in their energy strategies and hence sought assistance from IAEA and Arab Atomic Energy Agency. The Council of the League of Arab States at the summit level encouraged member states to develop peaceful use of atomic energy in different aspects of development, especially in energy generation and to establish a cooperative Arab program in this field. The burden of infrastructure can be reduced significantly if an Arab country forms a sharing partnership with other Arab countries. The sharing can be between two or more Arab states. It can include physical facilities, common programmes and knowledge, which will reflect in economic benefits. The sharing can also contribute in a significant manner to harmonization of codes and standards in general and regulatory framework in particular. This article outlines the major direct benefits of joint nuclear Arab programme to build a Nuclear Power Plants. (author)

  14. IAEA recommendations on NPP safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Codes developed in IAEA on the basis of the NUSS program (Nuclear Safety Standards) concerning nuclear safety of thermal reactor NPPs and published in 1978 are considered. 5 main codes and manuals have been stated: 1. Governmental organization for the regulation of NPP; 2. Safety in NPP siting; 3. Design for safety of NPP; 4. Safety in NPP operation; 5. Quality assuarance for safety in Nuclear Power Plants. The Codes contain recommendations on providing safety of population and personnel as well as on environmental protection. They also contain criteria and proper measures corresponding to both operating conditions of NPP and possible emergency conditions. Some provisions in the Codes may be also used, for providing radiation safety and at the external fuel cycle plants

  15. A historical survey of the Ignalina NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: When the boom of nuclear power industry began in the former Soviet Union, the idea of constructing the Ignalina NPP occurred to the circles in Moscow's central institutions at the turn of the 1970s. The nuclear power plant remained a facility under all-union jurisdiction supervised by the Ministries of Atomic Energy and Medium-Machine Building of the USSR from September 16, 1971, when the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union adopted the resolution regarding the beginning of its construction, until Lithuania regained independence in 1990. Nuclear power is the basis of Lithuania's power industry. The Ignalina NPP is a product of the former Soviet Union. Two reactors of RBMK-1SOO type are operational at the Ignalina NPP. This is the most advanced and the most recent version of the RBMK reactor design series (only two reactors of this type have ever been built). The power plant was built as part of the Soviet Union's North-West Unified Power System rather than to meet Lithuania's needs. The first unit of Ignalina NPP was commissioned in late 1983, and the second one in August 1987. A total of four units with RBI/1K-1S00 reactors were to be built. However, due to political and safety motives the construction of the third unit was suspended as early as 1989. After Lithuania declared independence in 1990, the Ignalina NPP was still guarded by Soviet troops and KGB operatives, and remained under the jurisdiction of the Soviet Union until August 1991. Supervision was carried out by that country's regulatory authority, the State Nuclear Power Supervision Inspection (Gosatomnadzor). It was only after the political events of August 1991 in Moscow that the Ignalina NPP finally came under the authority of the Lithuanian Republic. It is now controlled administratively by the Lithuanian Ministry of Economy, and its supervision is carried out by the Lithuanian State Nuclear Power Safety Inspectorate

  16. Seismic Safety Margins Research Program (Phase I). Project IV. Structural building response; Structural Building Response Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Healey, J.J.; Wu, S.T.; Murga, M.

    1980-02-01

    As part of the Phase I effort of the Seismic Safety Margins Research Program (SSMRP) being performed by the University of California Lawrence Livermore Laboratory for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the basic objective of Subtask IV.1 (Structural Building Response Review) is to review and summarize current methods and data pertaining to seismic response calculations particularly as they relate to the objectives of the SSMRP. This material forms one component in the development of the overall computational methodology involving state of the art computations including explicit consideration of uncertainty and aimed at ultimately deriving estimates of the probability of radioactive releases due to seismic effects on nuclear power plant facilities.

  17. Seismic Safety Margins Research Program (Phase I). Project IV. Structural building response; Structural Building Response Review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of the Phase I effort of the Seismic Safety Margins Research Program (SSMRP) being performed by the University of California Lawrence Livermore Laboratory for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the basic objective of Subtask IV.1 (Structural Building Response Review) is to review and summarize current methods and data pertaining to seismic response calculations particularly as they relate to the objectives of the SSMRP. This material forms one component in the development of the overall computational methodology involving state of the art computations including explicit consideration of uncertainty and aimed at ultimately deriving estimates of the probability of radioactive releases due to seismic effects on nuclear power plant facilities

  18. The Yellowstone REU Site Project: Building Confidence, Competence and Capacity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mogk, D. W.; Henry, D.

    2010-12-01

    The Yellowstone REU site project is focused on the evolution of Precambrian basement in the northern part of Yellowstone National Park. This is part of a larger, long-term research program on the genesis and evolution of continental crust in the Wyoming Province, and encompasses elements of igneous and metamorphic petrology, structural geology, sedimentary geology, geochemistry, geochronology, and thermochronology. Students selected for this project have the opportunity to conduct detailed field studies in the summer, visit analytical laboratories to conduct mineral, whole-rock geochemical and isotopic analysis during the school year, and to present scientific results at a professional society meeting. The field setting and scope of the research questions provide an ideal environment for students to engage integrated geoscience research as an important step in their professional development. The REU project was carefully designed to ensure a successful experience for the students, and an important progression of our research objectives. Initial selection of the students was based on academic preparation, and personal statements of interest, motivation and curiosity. A dedicated project website introduced the students to each other, the scientific objectives with overarching questions, and background literature. Activities during the initial two weeks in the field were carefully scaffolded to systematically introduce students to the variety of rock types, structures, geography and topography of the study area; individual and group instruction was focused on taking field notes, obtaining structural data, use of tools (Brunton compasses, GPS, GeoPads), and appropriate sampling methods. All students traversed the entire study area, were fully engaged with the central research questions, and attained a high level of proficiency in navigating and collecting geologic data in the field. During the second two weeks, each student defined an individual research question to

  19. Building projected entangled pair states with a local gauge symmetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zohar, Erez; Burrello, Michele

    2016-04-01

    Tensor network states, and in particular projected entangled pair states (PEPS), suggest an innovative approach for the study of lattice gauge theories, both from a pure theoretic point of view, and as a tool for the analysis of the recent proposals for quantum simulations of lattice gauge theories. In this paper we present a framework for describing locally gauge invariant states on lattices using PEPS. The PEPS constructed hereby shall include both bosonic and fermionic states, suitable for all combinations of matter and gauge fields in lattice gauge theories defined by either finite or compact Lie groups.

  20. Building Projected Entangled Pair States with a Local Gauge Symmetry

    CERN Document Server

    Zohar, Erez

    2015-01-01

    Tensor network states, and in particular projected entangled pair states (PEPS), suggest an innovative approach for the study of lattice gauge theories, both from a pure theoretic point of view, and as a tool for the analysis of the recent proposals for quantum simulations of lattice gauge theories. In this paper we present a framework for describing locally gauge invariant states on lattices using PEPS. The PEPS constructed hereby shall include both bosonic and fermionic states, suitable for all combinations of matter and gauge fields in lattice gauge theories defined by either finite or compact Lie groups.

  1. An Automated BIM Model to Conceptually Design, Analyze, Simulate, and Assess Sustainable Building Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Farzad Jalaei; Ahmad Jrade

    2014-01-01

    Quantifying the environmental impacts and simulating the energy consumption of building’s components at the conceptual design stage are very helpful for designers needing to make decisions related to the selection of the best design alternative that would lead to a more energy efficient building. Building Information Modeling (BIM) offers designers the ability to assess different design alternatives at the conceptual stage of the project so that energy and life cycle assessment (LCA) strategi...

  2. Constructing sustainability: connecting the social and the technical in a case study of school building projects

    OpenAIRE

    Moncaster, Alice

    2012-01-01

    This thesis traces the political interpretation of sustainability, and its translation into practice in English school building programmes during the period 2000-2010. Social power theory is used to analyse the complex network of decisions, and their consequences, through case studies of policy development and of building projects. The thesis describes how the control of appointments to task forces and of the issues considered allowed Government to manage the framing of the policy agenda w...

  3. Optimizing NPP performance and service life

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Generally, at this time Hungary has not any delayed nuclear projects or tasks having special importance to need urgent measures or significant technical investments. Nevertheless, the power reactors produce significant amount of spent fuel and radioactive waste. In Hungary there is only one facility for radioactive high level waste management near Budapest. The low- and intermediate level radioactive waste has been stored on site of PAKS NPP from the start of operation in safe conditions. In 1993, Hungary launched a national programme to solve the problems of radioactive waste management. A new, potential site was identified in granite host rock for a below-surface repository. Ongoing investigations at this site are being carried out; a four-year research programme is in progress. It is remarkable, that at the beginning the first investigation programme met some public resistance some years ago causing a short period delay. This negative attitude has been changed because the NPP offered working places and infrastructure development for the near situated village inhabitants. In PAKS NPP all the modifications, subsystem modernisation, replacements, special maintenance activities, etc. are time-scheduled. At present, the average time of the yearly refuelling and general maintenance is about 30 days in PAKS NPP. From economical point of view, the short period of the outage is desirable. Nevertheless, the first goal must be in the maximum level: the nuclear safety. To reach the optimal balance between the two requirements, NPP PAKS introduced some methods, organisational systems, and maintenance procedures. The maintenance is planned with computer, which determines even the smallest steps in optimal sequences. It has been introduced some years ago that some types of maintenance can be realised in time of operation before the outage of the reactor. The timetable of the outages is the object of regulatory approval. In cases of certain important delays, the NPP should

  4. A Novel Evaluation Method for Building Construction Project Based on Integrated Information Entropy with Reliability Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-ping Bai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Selecting construction schemes of the building engineering project is a complex multiobjective optimization decision process, in which many indexes need to be selected to find the optimum scheme. Aiming at this problem, this paper selects cost, progress, quality, and safety as the four first-order evaluation indexes, uses the quantitative method for the cost index, uses integrated qualitative and quantitative methodologies for progress, quality, and safety indexes, and integrates engineering economics, reliability theories, and information entropy theory to present a new evaluation method for building construction project. Combined with a practical case, this paper also presents detailed computing processes and steps, including selecting all order indexes, establishing the index matrix, computing score values of all order indexes, computing the synthesis score, sorting all selected schemes, and making analysis and decision. Presented method can offer valuable references for risk computing of building construction projects.

  5. Report of the seminar on the role and responsibilities of management for NPP personnel training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The seminar at Paks on the Role and Responsibilities of Management in NPP Personnel Training and Competence was the first activity to implement the Hungarian Model Project on Strengthening Training for Operational Safety at Paks NPP. This seminar was also the first seminar on this subject organized by the IAEA, and was regarded by all involved to have been successful. The participants comprised 63 senior and middle-level management of Paks NPP as well as senior staff from six other organizations in Hungary which will cooperate with Paks NPP on the implementation of the Hungarian Model Project. The seminar was also the start of the implementation of one of the main parts and objectives of the project, namely, the introduction on an overall basis of a systematic approach to the training of all Paks NPP personnel

  6. An Automated BIM Model to Conceptually Design, Analyze, Simulate, and Assess Sustainable Building Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farzad Jalaei

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Quantifying the environmental impacts and simulating the energy consumption of building’s components at the conceptual design stage are very helpful for designers needing to make decisions related to the selection of the best design alternative that would lead to a more energy efficient building. Building Information Modeling (BIM offers designers the ability to assess different design alternatives at the conceptual stage of the project so that energy and life cycle assessment (LCA strategies and systems are attained. This paper proposes an automated model that links BIM, LCA, energy analysis, and lighting simulation tools with green building certification systems. The implementation is within developing plug-ins on BIM tool capable of measuring the environmental impacts (EI and embodied energy of building components. Using this method, designers will be provided with a new way to visualize and to identify the potential gain or loss of energy for the building as a whole and for each of its associated components. Furthermore, designers will be able to detect and evaluate the sustainability of the proposed buildings based on Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED rating system. An actual building project will be used to illustrate the workability of the proposed methodology.

  7. Cernavoda NPP Units 3 and 4 Equity Approach: Romania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Cernavoda NPP site is located in the Dobrogea, a region in the southeast of Romania as shown in Figure 1. Construction on the Cernavoda NPP site started in 1982, with the intention of building five CANDU 6 units in parallel. Work on Units 2 to 5 stopped in 1990, as the government of Romania focussed its attention on the completion of Unit 1. The core structures of Units 2-4 were left at different stages of completion. Preservation activities were performed on these structures, but were dependent on the available budget

  8. Building a (UN) condom manufacturing plant for social marketing projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yonese, T

    1994-12-01

    At the 10th International Conference on AIDS held in Yokohama, Japan, August 7-12, 1994, reports revealed that the social marketing of condoms has become popular and successful in developing countries. The nongovernmental organization distribution approach is very useful in providing condoms to new users, whose numbers have been increasing since the condom was identified as effective in preventing sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV. The rapid establishment of semi-commercial outlets even in remote areas enabled many people to obtain condoms more easily than from the government program and at a cheaper price. The social marketing concept has a clear advantage: condoms can be distributed with little government budget disbursement, and the project is based on self-reliance. Meanwhile, the additional free supply programs by many governments of developing countries are reportedly not functioning efficiently, since often large quantities of condoms, donated by agencies for family planning and STD programs, pile up in warehouses and do not reach those who need them. Moreover, the demand for condoms is limited because of the lack of effective campaigns to encourage their use. Quality condoms can be procured at lower costs if a special manufacturing plant could be built that produces condoms exclusively for the social marketing free supply program. Such a condom plant could be built in a developing country where good quality latex, the material used for condoms, is available. The unit production cost of condoms at the proposed plant would be lower compared to costs in developed countries because personnel expenses in latex-producing countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, India, and Sri Lanka, are cheaper, and the price of latex itself is lower. Mass production is possible because the demand for condoms for the social marketing projects is expected to grow even more. PMID:12319132

  9. Demonstrating and Evaluating an Action Learning Approach to Building Project Management Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotnour, Tim; Starr, Stan; Steinrock, T. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    This paper contributes a description of an action-learning approach to building project management competence. This approach was designed, implemented, and evaluated for use with the Dynacs Engineering Development Contract at the Kennedy Space Center. The aim of the approach was to improve three levels of competence within the organization: individual project management skills, project team performance. and organizational capabilities such as the project management process and tools. The overall steps to the approach, evaluation results, and lessons learned are presented. Managers can use this paper to design a specific action-learning approach for their organization.

  10. Participation of C.N. Vandellos II as a pilot plant in the PWROG PA-ASC-1084 project about analysis and distribution of hydrogen in the containment buildings annexes; Participacion de C. N. Vandellos II como planta piloto en el proyecto del PWROG PA-ASC-1084 sobre analisis y distribucion del hidrogeno en edificios anexos a la Contencion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fornos Herrando, J.

    2013-07-01

    Fukushima accident has demonstrated that hydrogen outside the Containment building, due to its potential combustion or explosion, may result in loss of mitigation equipment, thus hindering the recovery of the plant. This reality has been treated in the framework of Stress Tests that are being developed at European level, and the Spanish nuclear power plants should evaluate this potential risk according to the specific design of each plant. The aim of this paper is to introduce this hydrogen problem and to present the main developments of the Vandellos II NPP experience as pilot plant in the project that PWROG is developing to analyze the potential risk of hydrogen in the Containment outbuildings.

  11. Knowledge management in the NPP domain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report gives an outlook on Knowledge Management (KM) activities within NPP related establishments as of today. There may be less activity in the NPP world as compared to many other industrial sectors. Still there is an awakening within the NPP industry demanding that KM should be attended to at a larger scale. The most notable reason for this is maybe an imminent increase in the number of people going into retirement. The types of establishments involved cover the major kinds such as utilities, research institutes and worldwide nuclear organizations. The report sums up a few of those efforts that are presently being implemented. Moreover the report looks at general advancements within the field of knowledge management. Simply stated the endeavours belong to either one of two classes. The first class emphasize the use of technology to solve knowledge management problems. The second class regard knowledge management as a problem pertaining to human factors and organizational issues. This report maintain that knowledge management initiatives should make due considerations to both perspectives. This report also sums up the Halden Reactor Project short term KM initiative. (Author)

  12. The seismic reassessment Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design of Mochovce NPP was based on the Novo-Voronez type WWER-440/213 reactor - twin units. Seismic characteristic of this region is characterized by very low activity. Mochovce NPP site is located on the rock soil with volcanic layer (andesit). Seismic reassessment of Mochovce NPP was done in two steps: deterministic approach up to commissioning confirmed value Horizontal Peak Ground Acceleration HPGA=0.1 g and activities after commissioning as a consequence of the IAEA mission indicate higher hazard values. (author)

  13. Benefits of Building Information Modelling in the Project Lifecycle: Construction Projects in Asia

    OpenAIRE

    Jian Li; Ying Wang; Xiangyu Wang; Hanbin Luo; Shih-Chung Kang; Jun Wang; Jun Guo; Yi Jiao

    2014-01-01

    Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a process involving the creation and management of objective data with property, unique identity and relationship. In the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry, BIM is adopted a lot in the lifecycle of buildings because of the high integration of information that it enables. Four-dimensional (4D) computer-aided design (CAD) has been adopted for many years to improve the construction planning process. BIM is adopted throughout buildin...

  14. E-Learning and School Development - Strengths and Challenges of Capacity Building in School Development Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Line Skov Hansen; Anne-Karin Sunnevåg; Anne Kostøl

    2011-01-01

    Abstract - This paper intends to focus on the strengths and challenges of capacity building in school development projects. The paper is based on practical experiences with three different projects CLL (Classroom Management, Learning and Teaching Authority) in Norway, the implementation of the LP- (learning environment and pedagogical analysis) model in Denmark as well as professional development of school administrators in a Danish municipality. The total number of participants in these proj...

  15. Planning and management support for NPP personnel SAT-based training programmes. IAEA regional workshop. Working material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the European regional TC Project a workshop on Planning and Management Support for NPP Personnel SAT Based Training programmes was held at the Paks NPP Maintenance Training Centre in June 1998. It was organized jointly by IAEA and the Paks NPP. The objective of the workshop was to present the important experience gained by successful implementation of the IAEA Model Project on Strengthening Training for Safe Operation at Paks NPP as well as international experience in developing and carrying out the projects to upgrade NPP personnel training in particular maintenance training, and competence based Systematic Approach to Training (SAT). Twenty five participants from Armenia, Bulgaria, China, Czech republic, Hungary, Romania, Russia, Slovak Republic and Ukraine attended the workshop presenting and exchanging experiences in implementing NPP SAT-based training programmes

  16. Final Hazard Classification and Auditable Safety Analysis for the 105-F Building Interim Safe Storage Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The auditable safety analysis (ASA) documents the authorization basis for the partial decommissioning and facility modifications to place the 105-F Building into interim safe storage (ISS). Placement into the ISS is consistent with the preferred alternative identified in the Record of Decision (58 FR). Modifications will reduce the potential for release and worker exposure to hazardous and radioactive materials, as well as lower surveillance and maintenance (S ampersand M) costs. This analysis includes the following: A description of the activities to be performed in the course of the 105-F Building ISS Project. An assessment of the inventory of radioactive and other hazardous materials within the 105-F Building. Identification of the hazards associated with the activities of the 105-F Building ISS Project. Identification of internally and externally initiated accident scenarios with the potential to produce significant local or offsite consequences during the 105-F Building ISS Project. Bounding evaluation of the consequences of the potentially significant accident scenarios. Hazard classification based on the bounding consequence evaluation. Associated safety function and controls, including commitments. Radiological and other employee safety and health considerations

  17. THE SECRET SOUTH AFRICAN PROJECT TEAM: BUILDING STRIKE CRAFT IN ISRAEL, 1975-79

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thean Potgieter

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Though the history of the South African Navy (SAN only dates back to 1922, for most of its history it depended on Britain for warships. The British Royal Navy on the other hand had an unbroken involvement with maritime defence along the South African Coast and the protection of the Cape Sea Route from 1806 to 1975 (when the Simon’s Town Agreement was cancelled. However, political tension between South Africa’s apartheid government and Britain caused a break in this relationship, forcing the SAN to acquire warships from alternative sources.A number of South African efforts to acquire corvettes failed during the 1970s, leaving the strike craft project as the only major warship project of the SAN to succeed for close to three decades. This project had an overseas as well as a local building phase. As part of the overseas phase, a project team was dispatched to Israel in 1975 to oversee the building and commissioning into the SAN, of three strike craft. The project team consisted of the Armaments Board (AB, Armscor after 1977 team as well as the SAN project team. While the AB/Armscor had to oversee the building process, the SAN team had to prepare to take the vessels into service.

  18. A two-factor method for appraising building renovation and energy efficiency improvement projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The renovation of residential buildings usually involves a variety of measures aiming at reducing energy and building maintenance bills, increasing safety and market value, and improving comfort and aesthetics. A significant number of project appraisal methods in current use-such as calculations of payback time, net present value, internal rate of return or cost of conserved energy (CCE)-only quantify energy efficiency gains. These approaches are relatively easy to use, but offer a distorted view of complex modernization projects. On the other hand, various methods using multiple criteria take a much wider perspective but are usually time-consuming, based on sometimes uncertain assumptions and require sophisticated tools. A 'two-factor' appraisal method offers a compromise between these two approaches. The main idea of the method is to separate investments into those related to energy efficiency improvements, and those related to building renovation. Costs and benefits of complex measures, which both influence energy consumption and improve building constructions, are separated by using a building rehabilitation coefficient. The CCE is used for the appraisal of energy efficiency investments, while investments in building renovation are appraised using standard tools for the assessment of investments in maintenance, repair and rehabilitation

  19. RCM at NPP Dukovany, Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Project components are: RCM course for beneficiaries of the Project; software - EPRI RCM Workstation 2.5; pilot RCM projects at NPP Dukovany and NPP Bohunice. For the pilot project at Dukovany Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is performed. As a result a proposal of the current PM programme revision was worked up in a form of a comparison between the recent PM tasks and the RCM recommendations. The plant maintenance history electronic databases are found to be comprehensive, but not ready for the reliability determination. The maintenance history doesn't contain an identification of specific failure modes. Therefore, generic reliability data were used at FMEA (Failure Modes: Component Type, Failure Mode ID, Failure Mode Description, Probability Value, and Probability Type). In some important cases, when the RCM recommendation was to change a current task interval, the RCM proposed task frequencies were calculated from real plant data which were verified and consulted. Further, condensate pumps maintenance strategy and failure rate review is made. RCM analysis and recommendations for the pump maintenance are presented. The RCM application to selected electric systems is also discussed. Based on the calculations, maintenance programme was modified

  20. Transformational leadership and project success : The mediating role of team-building

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aga, Deribe Assefa; Noorderhaven, Niels; Vallejo Carlos, Bertha

    2016-01-01

    Although the effect of transformational leadership on project success is empirically supported, less is known about the mechanisms that explain this effect. To address this issue, we propose the mediating role of team-building as a possible explanation of the relationship between transformational le

  1. Aulice to Build 1,200,000 Units/Y All- steel Tires Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zao

    2012-01-01

    To adapt to the rapid development of automobile industry and to meet the market demand on high- performance tires, upon investigation, Hubei Aulice Tire Co., Ltd. intends to build all-steel radial tire production project with the output of 1,200,000 units per year.

  2. Building axiological competence of graduate students by means of project-based learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmanshina, S. I.; Gilmanshin, I. R.

    2015-06-01

    The article defines the essence of axiological competence, objectives and pedagogical conditions of its formation among the students of graduate program in Biotechnology. The authors provide requirements for energy-saving technologies project-based learning and specify the application of the latter with the view of competence building.

  3. Building World-Class Research University: The Brain Korea 21 Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Jung Cheol

    2009-01-01

    This study evaluated the effects of South Korea's Brain Korea 21 (BK 21) project, a special research funding program designed to build world-class research university. The effects were measured by examining the frequency of article publications in SCI journals during the 1995-2005 period. The results of the analysis indicated that the growth of…

  4. National Program for Solar Heating and Cooling of Buildings. Project Data Summaries. Vol. II: Demonstration Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Energy Research and Development Administration, Washington, DC. Div. of Solar Energy.

    Brief abstracts of projects funded by the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) and conducted under the National Program for Solar Heating and Cooling of Buildings are presented in three volumes. This, the second volume, identifies the major efforts currently underway in support of the national program. The National Aeronautics and…

  5. The MONDIS project. Semantic web and the protection of historic buildings

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cacciotti, Riccardo; Valach, Jaroslav

    New York: IEEE, 2015 - (Guidi, G.; Scopigno, R.; Torres, J.; Graf, H.) ISBN 978-1-5090-0047-0. [International Congress on Digital Heritage. Granada (ES), 28.09.2015-02.10.2015] R&D Projects: GA MK(CZ) DF11P01OVV002 Keywords : semantic web * historic building * ontology * documentation * damage Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  6. Building Developmental Assets to Empower Adolescent Girls in Rural Bangladesh: Evaluation of Project "Kishoree Kontha"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scales, Peter C.; Benson, Peter L.; Dershem, Larry; Fraher, Kathleen; Makonnen, Raphael; Nazneen, Shahana; Syvertsen, Amy K.; Titus, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    "Kishoree Kontha" ("Adolescent Girls' Voices") was implemented in Bangladeshi villages to build the developmental assets (e.g., support from others, social competencies) of rural girls through peer education in social skills, literacy, and school learning. The Developmental Assets Profile (DAP) measured the project's impact on ecological and…

  7. Managing Projects with the Public, -bringing Partnering, Contracts and Financing together in Building Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian

    2004-01-01

    . It is analysed how the governance frame for these type of projects constituted a window of opportunity in the late nineties for “sale and lease back” arrangements, combined with partnering and more traditional design-build contracts. A case of a municipality renewing its school services, exploiting this window...

  8. The Krsko NPP Analyzer - phase II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the assessment of the nuclear safety level in Slovenia the SNSA (Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration) found a need to gain a software support for analyzing the transients of the Krsko Nuclear Power Plant. Combining the RELAP5 code with graphical interface NPA (Nuclear Plant Analyzer) management staff saw an opportunity to have a powerful instrument for analyses and calculations on a user friendly basis and to get familiar with RELAP5 input deck without extra costs. At the beginning the project started with first phase, where Jozef Stefan Institute - OR4 formed a basic scope of the work and prepared the demo version of the SBLOCA on the basis of RELAP5/Mod3.1code input deck. Tractebel was chosen as a supplier of the project's second phase on the base of public bid. In 1996 the work started with translation of the input model from version Mod2.5 to Mod3.2 with standard routines and small final corrections. After this phase of the project a user of the Krsko NPP Analyzer can run accidents as SBLOCA, Main Steam Line Break, Feedwater Line Break, SGTR, and many other transients activating and combining interactive commands, starting from a full power operation. The third phase is planed. The SNSA has plans to improve the model of the Krsko NPP for a better simulation of core phenomena and to have detailed models of safety and auxiliary systems for increasing the number of possible transients and failures. The Critical Safety Function window will be created as a special mask. The analyzer will be used for education of employees and external experts, who are engaged in case of an emergency, to get familiar with the NPP systems and their operation. During the assessment of the nuclear safety level in Slovenia the SNSA (Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration) found a need to gain a software support for analyzing the transients of the Krsko Nuclear Power Plant. Combining the RELAP5 code with graphical interface NPA (Nuclear Plant Analyzer) management staff saw an

  9. Associations - Communities - Residents. Building together a citizen-based project of renewable energies - Methodological guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This guide first outlines the challenges and stakes of citizen-based renewable energies: example of a necessary energy transition in Brittany, interest of a local production of renewable energies, examples in other European countries, and emergence of a citizen-based energy movement in France. The second part presents the four main phases of such a project (diagnosis, development, construction, and exploitation), the main issues to be addressed, and the main steps of a citizen-based renewable energy project (technical, legal and financial, and citizen-related aspects during the different phases). The third part describes how to elaborate a citizen-based project: by addressing the project dimensions, by defining a legal specification, by performing a provisional business model, by choosing an appropriate legal structure, by creating a project company, and by mobilizing local actors). The last part addresses how to finance the project: by building up own funds, by asking banks for support, and by citizen participation to investment

  10. Selection of NPP for Kazakhstan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Commercial NPP for Kazakhstan should to meet to several main requirements: 1). Safety operation (accident probability not more than 10-6 1/p. year). 2). High efficiency > 40 %. 3). Possibility of use for high-temperature chemistry and hydrogen production. 4). Possibility for manufacturing of considerable part of equipment in Kazakhstan. 5). Possibility for fuel production and reprocessing in Kazakhstan. 6). Independence from existence of large water-supply sources. Comparative analysis of several NPP with different reactors (WWR-1000, Candu, BREST, VG-400; graphite molten salt reactor) shows that NPP with the graphite molten salt reactor meets to all above requirements, but hydrogen production it is possible by more complete 4-stage technology, since coolant temperature is 800 Deg. C. The principle advantage is possibility of manufacturing of main equipment and fuel in Kazakhstan that reduce the cost of NPP construction and operation

  11. Implementing Solar PV Projects on Historic Buildings and in Historic Districts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kandt, A.; Hotchkiss, E.; Walker, A.; Buddenborg, J; Lindberg, J.

    2011-09-01

    Many municipalities, particularly in older communities of the United States, have a large amount of historic buildings and districts. In addition to preserving these historic assets, many municipalities have goals or legislative requirements to procure a certain amount of energy from renewable sources and to become more efficient in their energy use; often, these requirements do not exempt historic buildings. This paper details findings from a workshop held in Denver, Colorado, in June 2010 that brought together stakeholders from both the solar and historic preservation industries. Based on these findings, this paper identifies challenges and recommends solutions for developing solar photovoltaic (PV) projects on historic buildings and in historic districts in such a way as to not affect the characteristics that make a building eligible for historic status.

  12. Psychology of NPP operation safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The book is devoted to psychologic investigations into different aspects of NPP operative personnel activities. The whole set of conditions on which successful and accident-free personnel operation depends, is analysed. Based on original engineering and socio-psychologic investigations complex psychologic support for NPP personnel and a system of training and upkeep of operative personnel skills are developed. The methods proposed have undergone a practical examination and proved their efficiency. 154 refs., 12 figs., 9 tabs

  13. On the accounting of technology progress rates and obsolescence of production funds when determining depreciation for NPP renovation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Questions, related to determining the economically grounded service life of NPP main production funds are considered. It is recommended to differentiate the depreciation standards by the operation duration. It is proposed to arrange the NPP buildings taking into account modern rates of technical progress in power engineering

  14. European project Educa-RUE: An example of energy efficiency paths in educational buildings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► European project aimed at improving energy performance in educational buildings. ► Development and updating of technical competence through training courses. ► Development of “Educa-RUE method”, a model of energy management for public buildings. ► Local Energy Plans, based on environmentally friendly criteria. ► Results obtained by testing and proving Educa-RUE method in different regional areas. -- Abstract: The aim of Educa-RUE project is to improve energy performance in building sector at local level and with particular attention to educational buildings, by promoting the ability of local players to guide and orient initiatives, designed to encourage energy saving by means of specific measures and integrated tools. The project is therefore focused to speed up the implementation of European Directive on Energy Performance in Buildings, EPBD (2002/91/EC), in Member States at local government level and to ensure its operability, within the various national legislations of reference. Educa-RUE lasted 30 months, from January 2008 to June 2010, and involved the following eight partners: for Italy, Provinces of Potenza (project leader), Perugia, Rieti and Palermo; for other Countries, Climate Energy Ltd. Essex and Energy Solutions North West London (UK), Associación Aragonesa de Entidades Locales ASAEL (Spain), Municipality of Prenzlau (Germany). A number of closely interconnected actions were carried on in eight Work Packages (WPs) to face the energy efficiency aspects identified as primary problems by the partners. The project developed a model process, known as “Educa-RUE method”, to assess possible policies of intervention on educational buildings, owned or managed by each Partner. In particular the Province of Perugia, leader of WP 2 and 5, provided guide lines and tools in order to: identify the state of the art of EPBD implementation and the main non-technological barriers, which are preventing its application at local level

  15. Role of exposure in projected residential building cyclone risk for the Australian region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents a methodology to analyse the direct impact of tropical cyclone hazard on communities in northern Australia. The study focuses on the maximum potential intensity (MPI) of the cyclonic wind hazard, and location. Storm surge impacts were developed using a simple relationship between intensity and storm surge height and mid-point sea-level rise projections. The impact on residential building stock of severe wind and storm surge hazards associated with IPCC climate change scenarios is considered. Changes in residential building stock, for over 500 coastal statistical local areas (SLAs) from Southeast Queensland anticlockwise to Perth, were estimated using Australian Bureau of Statistics population projections through to 2100. A Probable Maximum Loss (PML) curve was derived, and the average annual cost across a 5000 year period (or 'annualised loss') was evaluated for each region. The projected population growth and the drift to coastal locations are significant elements in determining the damage associated with possible future cyclone threat.

  16. The impact of the Ignalina NPP and Visaginas town on the economy of the region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present article is devoted to the influence of Visaginas town and Ignalina NPP on economy in the surrounding region. Preliminary the region includes the Ignalina and Zarasai administrative districts. However, these boundaries are relative. The analysis of the influence of Visaginas town and Ignalina NPP on the economy in the region revealed that such an influence exists, however, it is not as distinct as could have been expected from the town of such size. The influence on economy of the region includes influence on markets of economic resources (labour force and real estate markets were analyzed), influence on consumption market, influence on industries and services (the appearance of new manufacturing enterprises in the town itself, where, excluding the NPP, the economic sector is rather poorly developed, and the impact of the town on the enterprises of considered region were analyzed) and the influence on conditions for investment in the region. After the building Ignalina NPP and Visaginas the distribution of surrounding forests into protective categories has changed. The Ignalina NPP and Visaginas directly posses 1250 ha of forests. The influence of the town and Ignalina NPP on the enterprises of industry of considered region is important because Visaginas serving as a good market for various manufacturing enterprises makes it possible for them to maintain a certain economic level and have better profits. This aspect is extremely important for food and light industries. The extraction and building industry as well as many other branches of industries were most highly influenced during the building works of NPP. At present the building works meet only the current requirements of NPP and so they are not very intensive. The influence on consumption markets is more noticeable. With the building of Visaginas town consumption market of the region increased more than three times. The demand in the region increased as well as supply. The incomes of people in the

  17. Project Management Plan/Progress Report UT/GTKS Training Program Development for Commercial Building Operators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2013-03-31

    Universidad del Turabo (UT), in a collaborative effort with Global Turn Key Services, Inc. (GTKS), proposed to develop a training program and a commercialization plan for the development of Commercial Building Operators (CBOs). The CBOs will operate energy efficient buildings to help maintain existing buildings up to their optimal energy performance level, and ensure that net-zero-energy buildings continuously operate at design specifications, thus helping achieve progress towards meeting BTP Strategic Goals of creating technologies and design approaches that enable net-zero-energy buildings at low incremental costs by 2025. The proposed objectives were then: (1) Develop a Commercial Building Operator (CBO) training program and accreditation that will in turn provide a certification to participants recognized by Accreditation Boards such as the North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP) and Leadership in Energy & Environmental Designs (LEED). (2) Develop and implement a commercialization and sustainability plan that details marketing, deployment, financial characterization, job placement, and other goals required for long-term sustainability of the project after the funding period. (3) After program development and deployment, provide potential candidates with the knowledge and skill sets to obtain employment in the commercial building green energy (net-zero-energy building) job market. The developed CBO training program will focus on providing skills for participants, such as displaced and unemployed workers, to enter the commercial building green energy (net-zeroenergy building) job market. This course was designed to allow a participant with minimal to no experience in commercial building green technology to obtain the required skill sets to enter the job market in as little as 12 weeks of intensive multi-faceted learning. After completion of the course, the CBO staff concluded the participant will meet minimum established accreditation

  18. US Department of Energy Grand Junction Projects Office Remedial Action Project, final report of the decontamination and decommissioning of Building 36 at the Grand Junction Projects Office Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore and mill tailings during uranium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District and during pilot milling experiments conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission's domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJPO Remedial Action Project to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and the underlying aquifer. The site contractor for the facility, Rust Geotech, also is the remedial action contractor. Building 36 was found to be radiologically contaminated and was demolished in 1996. The soil beneath the building was remediated in accordance with identified standards and can be released for unlimited exposure and unrestricted use. This document was prepared in response to a DOE request for an individual final report for each contaminated GJPO building

  19. Building America Case Study: Zero Energy Ready Home Multifamily Project: Mutual Housing at Spring Lake, Woodland, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2015-09-01

    Building cost effective, high performance homes that provide superior comfort, health, and durability is the goal of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Zero Energy Ready Homes (ZERH) program. Through Building America research and other innovative programs throughout the country, many of the technical challenges to building to the ZERH standard have been addressed. This case study describes the development of a 62-unit multifamily community constructed by nonprofit developer Mutual Housing at the Spring Lake subdivision in Woodland, CA. The Spring Lake project is expected to be the first ZERH-certified multifamily project nationwide. Building America team Alliance for Residential Building Innovation worked with Mutual Housing throughout the project. The case study discusses challenges encountered, lessons learned, and how obstacles were overcome. An objective of this project was to gain a highly visible foothold for residential buildings built to the DOE ZERH specification that can be used to encourage participation by other California builders.

  20. Effect of Selected Procurement Systems on Building Project Performance in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olugbenga Timothy Oladirin

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Every client at the beginning of any project aims at having value for the money spent via a quality structure delivered on time and within budget by the contractor. However, researches have shown that in most cases this aim is not met. Therefore, this study examines the effect of procurement systems on building project performance in Nigeria, with a view to assess their effect on cost and quality. The data for this study were collected with the aid of structured questionnaires which were administered to actors in the construction industry in Lagos state being the major hub of construction activities in Nigeria. The questionnaires were related to the variants of procurement systems common to the Nigerian construction industry. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics. The result revealed that the traditional system of procurement is the most adopted option in project execution in Nigeria. Meanwhile, design and build system performs better in cost, but lag construction management system in quality achievement. The study concluded that no procurement system is a do it all in that a procurement system may perform better than the other in an instant and fail in others as revealed in the findings. The study finally recommends that consultants and other stakeholders in the construction industry and particularly those in the building sector should be up to date as to be able to suitably advise clients when it comes to building procurement, and that before choosing a procurement system the main objective and even supporting objectives should be established

  1. Experiences in the implementation of the Coaching project in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-L V); Experiencias en la implementacion del proyecto Coaching en la Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde (CNLV)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendez M, H. I., E-mail: hugo.mendez01@cfe.gob.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Departamento del Centro de Entrenamiento, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km 42.5, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2012-10-15

    This document has the purpose of to share acquired experiences during the implementation of the Coaching project focused the training of supervisors and directive personnel of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-L V). Derived of the improvement areas identified by the supervisor organization of the nuclear power stations WANO (World Association Nuclear of Operators) and of the auto-evaluations realized by the expert personnel of the same power station that based on external experiences carried out through the Benchmarking (comparison with other power stations) they have reflected the necessity to activate a training process in Coaching with a practical focus toward the directive and supervisor personnel in the power station. By means of the observation of the personnel's acting so much in the control rooms like in different areas, three focus areas have been identified for the training in Coaching, these are the personnel's motivation, the organizational communication so much in vertical form as horizontal and the perception of confidence lack among directive, supervisors, operators and technicians. The plan focused in the abilities training of Coaching with practical sense was development, supported with an evaluation of 360 grades as tool of competitions development through a computer application e-Coaching. The use of application and Coaching following techniques facilitated the conformation of the practical focus, same that are of continuous use starting from the training of the supervisor and directive personnel. (Author)

  2. Reconsidering the site requirements for NPP on Olt River

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Site studies for CANDU type NPP began in a careful manner since 1982 as a first part of the Nuclear Power Plant Romanian Program adopted by political and governmental authorities at the time. A team was charged to develop all packages of the necessary main studies. The first Romanian NPP CANDU 6 type reactor gone to erection on Cernavoda site, planned to have 5 units and, like Wolsong NPP, applied the same design for the nuclear island. For the BOP parts the ANSALDO-GE project was applied with a thorough concern about requirements raised by connection to NSP. The first mission of design and research multi-branch team was to adapt the NPP Cernavoda project having an open water cooling circuit 'once-through' to the new parameters of a close recirculation water cooling circuit. Also, the structural design was re-evaluated for the case of soft foundation strata instead of hard rock ones. The close recirculation water cooling circuit system was applied for PWR NPP type like in French or other nuclear projects where a rich water source was not available. In case of CANDU type projects cooling water loops were not built so far. The close recirculation circuit of water cooling implies other parameters of the cooled systems and for turbine steam as well, needing very large cooling towers. The initial Romanian nuclear program implied the construction of a 4 units NPP sited near Olt river. This river runs in Transylvania region of Romania from east to west near Boitza village on the northern side of Fagaras Mountains. From geological and geophysical points of view the following main characteristics were found by surveying the Olt River valley: there exist two faults having about east-west direction, one of these having small seismic activities; the stratum for foundation consists of marls or sandy marls; there exist also underground small bags of natural gas or salty strata here and there, as detected by geotechnical borings near the Olt river. The average multiannual water

  3. Operation experience of the advanced fuel assemblies at Unit 1 of Volgodonsk NPP within four fuel cycles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first commissioning of Volgodonsk NPP Unit 1 with standard reactor WWER-1000 (project V-320) was in 2001. The reactor core, starting from the first fuel charge, was arranged completely with Advanced Fuel Assemblies (AFAs). In this way, it is possible to obtain the experience in startup and operation of the core, completely arranged with AFAs, and also to get a possibility of performing the comprehensive check for justification of newly commissioned units and justification of design solutions accepted in the design of reactor core for Taiwan NPP, Bushehr NPP and Kudankulam NPP. The first fuel charge of the Volgodonsk NPP Unit 1 is a reference and unified for Tiawan NPP (V-428), Bushehr NPP (V-446), Kudankulam NPP(V-412) with small differences caused by design features of RP V-320. The first core charge of Unit 1 of Volgodonsk NPP was arranged of 163 AFAs, comprising 61 CPS ARs and 42 BAR bundles. The subsequent fuel charges were arranged of AFAs with gadolinium oxide integrated into fuel instead of BAR. By 2005 the results of operation of the core at Unit 1 of Volgodonsk NPP during four fuel cycles showed that AFA is sufficiently reliable and serviceable. The activity of the primary coolant of the Volgodonsk NPP is at stable low level. During the whole time of the core operation of the Volgodonsk NPP Unit 1 no leaky AFAs were revealed. The modifications of the internals, made during pre-operational work, are reasonable and effective to provide for fuel mechanical stability in the course of operation. The modifications, made in AFA structure during operation of the Volgodonsk NPP Unit 1, are aimed at improving the service and operational reliability of its components. Correctness of the solutions taken is confirmed by AFAs operation experience both at the Volgodonsk NPP, and at other operating Russian NPPs

  4. Main control system verification and validation of NPP digital I and C system based on engineering simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full-scope digital instrumentation and controls system (I and C) technique is being introduced in Chinese new constructed Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), which mainly includes three parts: control system, reactor protection system and engineered safety feature actuation system. For example, SIEMENS TELEPERM XP and XS distributed control system (DCS) have been used in Ling Ao Phase II NPP, which is located in Guangdong province, China. This is the first NPP project in China that Chinese engineers are fully responsible for all the configuration of actual analog and logic diagram, although experience in NPP full-scope digital I and C is very limited. For the safety, it has to be made sure that configuration is right and control functions can be accomplished before the phase of real plant testing on reactor. Therefore, primary verification and validation (V and V) of I and C needs to be carried out. Except the common and basic way, i.e. checking the diagram configuration one by one according to original design, NPP engineering simulator is applied as another effective approach of V and V. For this purpose, a virtual NPP thermal-hydraulic model is established as a basis according to Ling Ao Phase II NPP design, and the NPP simulation tools can provide plant operation parameters to DCS, accept control signal from I and C and give response. During the test, one set of data acquisition equipments are used to build a connection between the engineering simulator (software) and SIEMENS DCS I/O cabinet (hardware). In this emulation, original diagram configuration in DCS and field hardware structures are kept unchanged. In this way, firstly judging whether there are some problems by observing the input and output of DCS without knowing the internal configuration. Then secondly, problems can be found and corrected by understanding and checking the exact and complex configuration in detail. At last, the correctness and functionality of the control system are verified. This method is

  5. Drivers, trends, and uncertainty in long-term price projections for energy management in public buildings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buildings are responsible for almost 40% of energy consumption and CO2 emissions in the EU (EC, 2010). Improving the energy efficiency of buildings is a vital step towards achieving the EU climate and energy objectives. Directive 2010/31/EU outlines measures specifically focused on the energy performance of buildings. Incentives are created for building operators to optimize their energy sub-systems in a more robust, energy-efficient, and cost-effective manner. The challenge is to choose efficient energy-supply portfolios accounting for technological and market deregulation and risks. Decision support tools for energy management in public buildings using future scenarios of market and technological developments would be beneficial. The aim of this paper is to discuss the drivers and uncertainties in the recent and future energy market trends and prices, including technological progress and developments in fossil-fuel markets. This discussion is relevant for researchers and policymakers in general, and in particular, as an input for scenarios used in the development of decision support systems. -- highlights: •Decision support tools for building energy management should address uncertainty. •Differences in technological progress affect new technologies competitiveness. •Fuel price projections are unreliable, even more so for natural gas than other fossil fuels. •Efficiency gains and merit order shifts can lower future electricity prices significantly. •Bandwidths for future parameters should represent the large uncertainty ranges

  6. Technical innovations at NPP Dukovany - for safe and efficient operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inherent features of the NPP Dukovany design provide a significant confidence in its nuclear safety assurance; among these features should be emphasised the reactor core stability and its control and protection system capability to hold the reactor in safe state following scram or accident conditions. Nevertheless, NPP Dukovany was designed in the early seventies, and current requirements for nuclear safety assurance are more strict and/or specific as a result of the technical development and lessons learned from nuclear accidents. The paper compares the safety design base established at the time of NPP Dukovany project implementation and the current reference design base. The paper also presents procedures applied to implement technical and operational measures which are introduced to fulfil the current basic safety criteria. The scope of such measures applied at NPP Dukovany is compared with that of EU countries introduced for the same reason - to meet the updated safety related requirements. Examples of some innovations already implemented or under implementation give an idea how NPP Dukovany proceeds in reaching the goal of harmonising its safety with the requirements to be met before the Czech Republic becomes a member country of the European Union. (author)

  7. New appraisement of siting for a NPP on Mures river

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The studies for a second NPP siting on inner Romanian rivers began in a careful manner since 1982 as a first part of the Nuclear Power Plant Romanian Program adopted by political and governmental authorities at the time. The experience gained from Cernavoda NPP siting, the first mission of new multi-branch of specialists team was to choose new NPP sites adapting the CANDU type NPP Cernavoda project to the new parameters of close water cooling circuit and of hard less or no rock foundation strata. The new sites conditions mean a lot of changes of CANDU license and a decrease the output power supplied to the national electric grid. The studies on the Mures river as alternative site of Olt river in Transylvania region began in 1986 and were stopped after 1990. This paper tries to reconsider shortly the old analysis focused on geological and geotechnical aspects and other local sites characteristics according to the last IAEA Safety Standards taking into account also the last types of NPP generations and the number of units. (author)

  8. Spent fuel pool risk analysis for the Dukovany NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    UJV Rez, a.s. maintains a Living Probabilistic Safety Assessment (Living PSA) program for Dukovany Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in the Czech Republic. This project has been established as a framework for activities related to risk assessment and to support for risk-informed decision making at this plant. The most extensively used PSA application at Dukovany NPP is risk monitoring of instantaneous (point-in-time) risk during plant operation, especially for the purpose of configuration risk management during plant scheduled outages to avoid risk significant configurations. The scope of PSA for Dukovany NPP includes also determination of a risk contribution from spent fuel pool (SFP) operation to provide recommendations for the prevention and mitigation of SFP accidents and to be applicable for configuration risk management. This paper describes the analysis of internal initiating events (IEs) in PSA for Dukovany NPP, which can contribute to the risk from SFP operation. The analysis of those IEs was done more thoroughly in the PSA for Dukovany NPP in order to be used in instantaneous risk monitoring. (orig.)

  9. Construction prospects of new power units at Khmelnitskij NPP site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to the Energy Strategy of Ukraine for a period up to 2030 it is planned to put into operation power units 3 and 4 of Khmelnitskij NPP by year 2016. In this work considerations are presented on the possible options while selecting reactor unit type for Khmelnitskij NPP power units 3 and 4, which is the main determinant of the cost, construction and commissioning time, and utilization of the existent civil structures. To optimize Khmelnitskij-3 and 4 construction, a survey of the data has been conducted with regard to the possibility of construction of new power units of PWR/VVER type at Khmelnitskij NPP site. The multivariable analysis has been performed based on the projects technical and cost data, construction time and conditions, as well as their compliance with the IAEA and EUR safety requirements for new power units. (author)

  10. Models test on dynamic structure-structure interaction of nuclear power plant buildings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A reactor building of an NPP (nuclear power plant) is generally constructed closely adjacent to a turbine building and other buildings such as the auxiliary building, and in increasing numbers of NPPs, multiple plants are being planned and constructed closely on a single site. In these situations, adjacent buildings are considered to influence each other through the soil during earthquakes and to exhibit dynamic behaviour different from that of separate buildings, because those buildings in NPP are generally heavy and massive. The dynamic interaction between buildings during earthquake through the soil is termed here as 'dynamic cross interaction (DCI)'. In order to comprehend DCI appropriately, forced vibration tests and earthquake observation are needed using closely constructed building models. Standing on this background, Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC) had planned the project to investigate the DCI effect in 1993 after the preceding SSI (soil-structure interaction) investigation project, 'model tests on embedment effect of reactor building'. The project consists of field and laboratory tests. The field test is being carried out using three different building construction conditions, e.g. a single reactor building to be used for the comparison purposes as for a reference, two same reactor buildings used to evaluate pure DCI effects, and two different buildings, reactor and turbine building models to evaluate DCI effects under the actual plant conditions. Forced vibration tests and earthquake observations are planned in the field test. The laboratory test is planned to evaluate basic characteristics of the DCI effects using simple soil model made of silicon rubber and structure models made of aluminum. In this test, forced vibration tests and shaking table tests are planned. The project was started in April 1994 and will be completed in March 2002. This paper describes an outline and the summary of the current status of this project. (orig.)

  11. Perspectives on managing nuclear safety at Cernavoda NPP past, present and future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presentation considers the following issues: background of Romanian nuclear programme; 1990 management issues involved in Cernavoda project, nuclear safety perspectives; Cernavoda U1 operating organization today (safety related issues); good practices at Cernavoda NPP

  12. Emergency preparedness at Ignalina NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brief review of Ignalina NPP safety upgrading and personnel preparedness to act in cases of accidents is presented. Though great activities are performed in enhancing the plant operation safety, the Ignalina NPP management pays a lot of attention to preparedness for emergency elimination and take measures to stop emergency spreading. A new Ignalina NPP emergency preparedness plan was drawn up and became operational. It is the main document to carry out organizational, technical, medical, evacuation and other activities to protect plant personnel, population, the plant and the environment from accident consequences. Great assistance was rendered by Swedish experts in drawing this new emergency preparedness plan. The plan consists of 3 parts: general part, operative part and appendixes. The plan is applied to the Ignalina NPP personnel, Special and Fire Brigade and also to other contractor organizations personnel carrying out works at Ignalina NPP. There are set the following emergency classes: incident, emergency situation, alert, local emergency, general emergency. Separate intervention level corresponds to each emergency class. Overview of personnel training to act in case of an emergency is also presented

  13. Teledosimetry system of Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On-site monitoring posts, inner circuit there are installed 16 detectors for measuring dose rates in a circle line inside the power plant site at the distances between approximately 200 m and 520 m from the exhaust air stack of Mochovce-1,2 NPP. The technical versions of all these measuring posts are from the same type On-site are installed 3 large containers for measuring gamma dose rate and activity concentration of aerosols and iodine too. Off-site monitoring posts at places of living consist of 16 small containers with dose rate measurements and iodine sampling units and 8 large containers with dose rate measurement and aerosol and iodine monitoring unit. Three of these large containers are installed nearby the NPP inside the fence of the NPP area. The technical version of these measuring posts are from the same type. Five of these containers are installed faraway of the NPP outside the fence of the NPP. These five posts are from the same type. The process data is continuously acquired, stored and processed by the Central Radiological Computer System of the power plant. The tele-dosimetry system data are a main part of the radiological information system, which continuously provide the information of the measurements and evaluate possible radiological consequences. (author)

  14. Temelin NPP status and challenge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with the NPP Temelin status and challenge. It was concluded that: - Temelin NPP was modified from the every beginning in order to meat internationally acceptable safety level; - IAEA, US and Western countries safety principles, criteria and requirements are mostly applied; - Number of international safety review missions confirmed this fact; All assessments of the Temelin NPP have been positive and all recommendations were carefully considered and either implemented or other equivalent solution was found. Temelin NPP Halliburton NUS audit in 1992 stated that Temelin can be licensable, but licensibility could not be assured unless the audit team's technical and programmatic recommendations are implemented. ENCONET Consulting (Austria) in 1998 stated that: - After modifications are fully implemented, Temelin NPP will be a much safer plant than originally designed and much more safer than some of the already operating WWER 1000 plants; - The process of compatibility was specifically assured by selecting prudent practices acceptable in the Western countries. IAEA mission on Safety issues resolution (1996) stated that: - It is recognized that the Czech Electric Company (CEZ) has made a large effort to improve the design of Temelin independently of the identification of safety issues by the IAEA

  15. Application and importance of cost-benefit analysis in energy efficiency projects implemented in public buildings: The case of Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Đurovic Dejan M.; Obradovic Vladimir Lj.; Vuckovic Aleksandar M.; Mihic Marko M.; Petrovic Dejan C.

    2012-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to present the advantages of using Cost-Benefit analysis in energy efficiency projects implemented in public buildings, and to prove the hypothesis that Cost-Benefit analysis boosts the effectiveness and efficiency of the said type of projects. The paper offers theoretical and practical explanation of the implementation of Cost-Benefit analysis in the relevant area. Since energy efficiency projects in public buildings usually represent a part of a bro...

  16. Implementation of the RCM recommendations for Cofrentes NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During 1.995 and 1.996, Cofrentes NPP carried out a Preventive Maintenance Optimization Project using the RCM methodology. The aim of this Project was the optimization of the O and M costs, maintaining or increasing the Cofrentes NPP's Availability and Safety current levels. The scope of the Project covered the analysis of 103 systems of the plant and the following activities were performed: development of RCM recommendations, review of the maintenance procedures, equipment general list updating and identification of the on-line maintenance components. In the later implementation phase and in addition to the incorporation of the RCM recommendations to the preventive maintenance plan of Cofrentes NPP, were performed the following activities: homogenization process of the RCM predictive maintenance recommendations and started predictive maintenance activities in Cofrentes NPP and operative tests of the SIM computer program, considered to be the Software tool for the evaluation of the maintenance efficiency. In this paper, the most significant aspects of the implementation phase and the future activities to be performed are described. (Author)

  17. Wood Pellet-Fired Biomass Boiler Project at the Ketchikan Federal Building

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomberlin, G.

    2014-06-01

    Biomass boiler systems have existed for many years, but the technology has advanced in recent decades and can now provide automated and efficient operation for a relatively modest investment. Key advances in system monitoring and control allow for lower operating costs, since the control systems run all aspects of the boiler, including feed, load reduction and even tube cleaning. These advances have made such systems economical on a small scale in situations where inexpensive fuels like natural gas are not available. This creates an opportunity for building operators in remote, cold-climate locations to reduce the use of expensive fuels for heating buildings. GSA Region 10 installed the system at the federal building in Ketchikan, Alaska and submitted the project to the Green Proving Ground (GPG) program. GSA's GPG program contracted with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assess the installation and the technology. The system serves as a demonstration to assess actual system efficiencies, as well as operating characteristics and financial benefits. In addition to installation and operational issues, the project team/researchers examined other issues, including fuel transportation costs, building energy savings, and overall economics.

  18. An Algorithmic Form Of Verification Of Appointed Phases Of The Project Documentation For A Building Investment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochanek, Anna

    2015-12-01

    The process of area development and planning in compliance with conditions outlined in the Zoning Scheme is significant because of the current rapid development of rural and urban areas. The verification of project documentation in terms of observing constant and nationally binding norms, legislation and local laws is based on certain standards. In order to streamline the process of verification undertaken by the relevant public authorities, it is necessary to create formal algorithms that will automate the existing method of control of architecture-building documentation. The objective of this article is algorithmisation of the project documentation verification allowing further streamlining and automation of the process.

  19. On building 4-critical plane and projective plane multiwheels from odd wheels

    CERN Document Server

    Zeps, Dainis

    2012-01-01

    We build unbounded classes of plane and projective plane multiwheels that are 4-critical that are received summing odd wheels as edge sums modulo two. These classes can be considered as ascending from single common graph that can be received as edge sum modulo two of the octahedron graph O and the minimal wheel W3. All graphs of these classes belong to 2n-2-edges-class of graphs, among which are those that quadrangulate projective plane, i.e., graphs from Gr\\"otzsch class, received applying Mycielski's Construction to odd cycle.

  20. Proposing a project for building an e-commerce website for Ryijypalvelu-RP Oy

    OpenAIRE

    Sotkov, Ilya

    2014-01-01

    The thesis describes the development of a project proposal report for building an e-commerce website for a small textile firm based in Helsinki, Finland. The aim of the study is to determine how small businesses that are currently not highly involved in e-commerce should approach developing an e-commerce website in order to maximize the positive impact of selling on the Internet. The study combined the use of action research and qualitative research methodologies by developing a project p...

  1. Manhattan Project buildings and facilities at the Hanford Site: A construction history

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerber, M.S.

    1993-09-01

    This document thoroughly examines the role that the Hanford Engineer Works played in the Manhattan project. The historical aspects of the buildings and facilities are characterized. An in depth look at the facilities, including their functions, methods of fabrication and appearance is given for the 100 AREAS, 200 AREAS, 300 AREAS, 500, 800 and 900 AREAS, 600 AREA, 700 AREA, 1100 AREA and temporary construction structures.

  2. Intercultural Communication in Field Campaigns and Capacity Building Forest Projects in Nepal, Case: Arbonaut Ltd.

    OpenAIRE

    Said, Awena

    2013-01-01

    Intercultural conflicts usually happen in organizations, particularly in international organizations, when people or teams from different cultural backgrounds are working together. The topic of this research was intercultural communication in field campaigns and capacity building forest projects in Nepal. It was intended to find out the sources of intercultural conflicts between an international team and a Nepalese team as well as between the international team and local Terai people during t...

  3. New tools of relationship marketing for innovative projects of machine-building enterprises: crowdsourcing and crowdfunding

    OpenAIRE

    N.B. Kolotova

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the article. The aim of the article is justification of theoretical provisions for determining the nature and use of relationship marketing in innovative projects of machine-building enterprises. The results of the analysis. Today there are a lot of reasonable thoughts on the fundamental principles of relationship marketing concept origin. Generally, in our opinion, relationship marketing is a communication strategy intended to keep existing customers and to attract potential cu...

  4. Manhattan Project buildings and facilities at the Hanford Site: A construction history

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document thoroughly examines the role that the Hanford Engineer Works played in the Manhattan project. The historical aspects of the buildings and facilities are characterized. An in depth look at the facilities, including their functions, methods of fabrication and appearance is given for the 100 AREAS, 200 AREAS, 300 AREAS, 500, 800 and 900 AREAS, 600 AREA, 700 AREA, 1100 AREA and temporary construction structures

  5. An Analysis of Cost Management Strategies Employed By Building Contractors on Projects in Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benviolent Chigara

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry is a major consumer of capital resources by virtue of the magnitude, complexity and nature of the works it executes. Yet improving cost performance still remains a chronic challenge facing the construction industry worldwide. Apart from advances made by contractors to devise mechanisms to manage project cost, studies across the world reveal that construction projects are hardly completed within budget. The Zimbabwean construction industry has not been spared either. However, this background is considered unhealthy for an industry whose capital consumption is heavy and concomitant cost overruns spell disastrous financial consequences on the investor. This study explored cost management strategies employed by contractors on building projects and also investigated the challenges that contractors encounter in managing project cost. Exploratory research design was employed making use of both questionnaires and interviews to collect data from selected contractors registered under category A, B and C of the Construction Industry Federation of Zimbabwe (CIFOZ. The study observed that in the majority of cases, contractors’ efforts to manage projects costs are centred on management of project resources. Additionally, monthly cost reports, variance management, project budgets and cash flow forecasting are among the other strategies. However,  in spite of the growing trend to automate cost control systems, there is evidence to suggest that the traditional paper based systems of storing and managing information is widely used in the industry. Contrary to having cost management systems in place, contractors admit experiencing cost overruns on their projects. These cost overruns are attributable to organizational related challenges, shortage of skilled personnel, and unavailability of some building materials on the local market, variations and deficiency in cost control systems

  6. Quality assurance program plan for 324 Building B-Cell safety cleanout project (BCCP)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides information on how the Quality Assurance Program is implemented for the 324 Building B-Cell Safety Cleanout Project (BCCP). This QAPP is responsive to the Westinghouse Hanford Company Quality Assurance Program and Implementation Plan, WHC-SP-1131, for 10 CFR 830.120, Nuclear Safety Management, Quality Assurance Requirements; and DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance. This QAPP supersedes PNNL PNL-MA-70 QAP Quality Assurance Plan No. WTC-050 Rev. 2, issue date May 3, 1996. This QAPP has been developed specifically for the BCCP. It applies to those items and tasks which affect the completion of activities identified in the work breakdown structure of the Project Management Plan (PMP). These activities include all aspects of decontaminating B-Cell and project related operations within the 324 Building as it relates to the specific activities of this project. General facility activities (i.e. 324 Building Operations) are covered in the Building 324 QAPP. In addition, this QAPP supports the related quality assurance activities addressed in CM-2-14, Hazardous Material Packaging and Shipping, and HSRCM-1, Hanford Site Radiological Control Manual, The 324 Building is currently transitioning from being a Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) managed facility to a B and W Hanford Company (BWHC) managed facility. During this transition process existing, PNNL procedures and documents will be utilized until replaced by BWHC procedures and documents. These documents conform to the requirements found in PNL-MA-70, Quality Assurance Manual and PNL-MA-8 1, Hazardous Materials Shipping Manual. The Quality Assurance Program Index (QAPI) contained in Table 1 provides a matrix which shows how project activities relate to 10 CFR 83 0.120 and 5700.6C criteria. Quality Assurance program requirements will be addressed separate from the requirements specified in this document. Other Hanford Site organizations/companies may be

  7. Challenges in Delivering Green Building Projects: Unearthing the Transaction Costs (TCs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Queena K. Qian

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Delivering green building (GB projects involve some activities that are atypical in comparison with conventional buildings. Such new activities are characterized by uncertainty, and they incur hidden costs that have not been expected nor are they readily appreciated among the stakeholders. This paper develops a typology and chronology to examine the new activities that are associated with transaction costs (TCs in the real estate development process (REDP of green building. Through in-depth interviews with representatives from the major developers in Hong Kong who have experiences in GB practice, this study aims to unearth TCs involved at the critical stages of the REDP. Apart from reconfirming the early project planning stage as the most critical in the consideration of TCs, the study results also identified “extra legal liability risk of the GB product” as the major concern for any GB developer in Hong Kong. The key additional activities that bring significant TCs in developing GB are identified and compared to their traditional counterparts. In turn, project managers not only have to pursue overall cost management whilst winning more business, but they also have to pay particular attention to sustainability in order to minimize hidden societal costs. The study also provides a reference for governments and professionals that will aid in forming policy as well as advance the practice of the GB market by optimizing the societal costs.

  8. Safety culture at Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article presents the approach of Mochovce NPP to the Safety culture. It presents activities, which have been taken by Mochovce NPP up to date in the area of Safety culture enhancement with the aim of getting the term into the subconscious of each employee, and thus minimising the human factor impact on occurrence of operational events in all safety areas. The article furthermore presents the most essential information on how the elements characterising a continuous progress in reaching the planned Safety culture goals of the company management have been implemented at Mochovce NPP, as well as the management's efforts to get among the best nuclear power plant operators in this area and to be an example for the others. (author)

  9. Regulatory aspects of NPP safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Extensive review of the NPP Safety is presented including tasks of Ministry of Health, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Environment and Waters, Ministry of Defense in the field of national system for monitoring the nuclear power. In the frame of national nuclear safety legislation Bulgaria is in the process of approximation of the national legislation to that of EC. Detailed analysis of the status of regulatory body, its functions, organisation structure, responsibilities and future tasks is included. Basis for establishing the system of regulatory inspections and safety enforcement as well as intensification of inspections is described. Assessment of safety modifications is concerned with complex program for reconstruction of Units 1-4 of Kozloduy NPP, as well as for modernisation of Units 5 and 6. Qualification and licensing of the NPP personnel, Year 2000 problem, priorities and the need of international assistance are mentioned

  10. An analysis of the demonstration projects for renewable energy application buildings in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the 2006–2008 period, there were 386 demonstration projects for renewable energy application buildings (REAB) organised by Chinese government, with a total area of approximately 40,420,000 m2. By the end of 2011, the vast majority of these projects had been completed and had passed the final acceptance. This paper analyses the measures taken by the Chinese government, including economic incentive mechanisms, organising agencies, application and evaluation systems, online monitoring platforms, acceptance inspections, assessment systems, standard criteria and so forth. This paper then evaluates the policy effects. The paper shows that there has been a satisfactory effect in the development of the REAB market, mobilising the enthusiasm of the government, equipment manufacturers and scientific research institutions, and promoting energy conservation. In addition, this paper analyses the suitability of different technological types in different climatic zones, which provides further guidance for the development of the REAB. Finally, based on the analyses of the problems met in the implementation of the demonstration projects, this paper proposes some policy suggestions concerning standard criteria, technological development, project management, incentive mechanisms and so on, to promote the development of the REAB more effectively in the future in China. - Highlights: • The policy measures to promote the development of renewable energy application buildings in China. • Evaluation of the demonstration policy effects in the market development and other aspects. • Analyses of the regional applicability for renewable energy application buildings in China. • Analyses of problems met in the implementation of the demonstration projects. • Put forward some policy suggestions on standard, technology, management, etc

  11. Mapping and industrial IT project to a 2nd semester design-build project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nyborg, Mads; Høgh, Stig

    2010-01-01

    system. A simple teaching model for software engineering is presented which combines technical disciplines with disciplines from section 2-4 in the CDIO syllabus. The implementation of a joint project involving several courses supports the CDIO perspective. Already the traditional IT-diploma education...... study. A successful implementation at this level requires careful planning of activities through the semester. Principles of the CDIO have been of great help in this regard. Finally we draw conclusions and give our recommendations based on those....

  12. Supervision of Operation Safety at Ignalina NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Description of VATESI supervision functions during operation and maintenance of Ignalina NPP is presented. Comparison of collective exposure dose of Ignalina NPP and other organizations with previous years is made. The number of emergency outings of Ignalina NPP units during the years is presented

  13. Training of experts on NPP decommissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents difficulties and problems in training of NPP decommissioning experts in Ukraine. The scientific and technical cluster is offered to be constructed as a territorial association of enterprises and organizations related to NPP decommissioning issues and spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management. The center is to be based on scientific and educational center in Slavutych, satellite city of Chornobyl NPP.

  14. Full scale dynamic testing of Kozloduy NPP unit 5 structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As described in this report, the Kozloduy NPP western site has been subjected to low level earthquake-like ground shaking - through appropriately devised underground explosions - and the resulting dynamic response of the NPP reactor Unit 5 important structures appropriately measured and digitally recorded. In-situ free-field response was measured concurrently more than 100 m aside the main structures of interest. The collected experimental data provide reference information on the actual dynamic characteristics of the Kozloduy NPPs main structures, as well as give some useful indications on the dynamic soil-structure interaction effects for the case of low level excitation. Performing the present full-scale dynamic structural testing activities took advantage of the experience gained by ISMES during similar tests, lately performed in Italy and abroad (in particular, at the Paks NPP in 1994). The IAEA promoted dynamic testing of the Kozloduy NPP Unit 5 by means of pertinently designed buried explosion-induced ground motions which has provided a large amount of data on the dynamic structural response of its major structures. In the present report, the conducted investigation is described and the acquired digital data presented. A series of preliminary analyses were undertaken for examining in detail the ground excitation levels that were produced by these weak earthquake simulation experiments, as well as for inferring some structural characteristics and behaviour information from the collected data. These analyses ascertained the high quality of the collected digital data. Presumably due to soil-structure dynamic interaction effects, reduced excitation levels were observed at the reactor building foundation raft level with respect to the concurrent free-field ground motions. measured at a 140 m distance from the reactor building centre. Further more detailed and systematic analyses are worthwhile to be performed for extracting more complete information about the

  15. NPP Krsko secondary side analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this work is to analyze secondary side thermohydraulics response on steam generator tube plugging in order to ensure nominal NPP power. We had established that the additional opening of the governing valve No. 3 and 4 can compensate pressure drop caused by steam generator tube plugging. Two main steam flows with four governing valves were simulated. Steam expansion in turbine and feed water system was modeled separately. All important process point and steam moisture changes impact on nominal NPP power were analysed. (author)

  16. Radioactive wastes management of NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Modern knowledge in the field of radiation waste management on example of the most serious man-made accident at Chernobyl NPP are illuminated. This nuclear power plant that after accident in 1986 became in definite aspect an experimental scientific ground, includes all variety of problems which have to be solved by NPP personnel and specialists from scientific organizations. This book is aimed for large sphere of readers. It will be useful for students, engineers, specialists and those working in the field of nuclear power, ionizing source and radiation technology use for acquiring modern experience in nuclear material management

  17. Supporting UK adaptation: building services for the next set of UK climate projections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fung, Fai; Lowe, Jason

    2016-04-01

    As part of the Climate Change Act 2008, the UK Government sets out a national adaptation programme to address the risks and opportunities identified in a national climate change risk assessment (CCRA) every five years. The last risk assessment in 2012 was based on the probabilistic projections for the UK published in 2009 (UKCP09). The second risk assessment will also use information from UKCP09 alongside other evidence on climate projections. However, developments in the science of climate projeciton, and evolving user needs (based partly on what has been learnt about the diverse user requirements of the UK adaptation community from the seven years of delivering and managing UKCP09 products, market research and the peer-reviewed literature) suggest now is an appropriate time to update the projections and how they are delivered. A new set of UK climate projections are now being produced to upgrade UKCP09 to reflect the latest developments in climate science, the first phase of which will be delivered in 2018 to support the third CCRA. A major component of the work is the building of a tailored service to support users of the new projections during their development and to involve users in key decisions so that the projections are of most use. We will set out the plan for the new climate projections that seek to address the evolving user need. We will also present a framework which aims to (i) facilitate the dialogue between users, boundary organisations and producers, reflecting their different decision-making roles (ii) produce scientifically robust, user-relevant climate information (iii) provide the building blocks for developing further climate services to support adaptation activities in the UK.

  18. Design Verification Report Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project Canister Storage Building (CSB)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Sub-project W379, ''Spent Nuclear Fuel Canister Storage Building (CSB),'' was established as part of the Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project. The primary mission of the CSB is to safely store spent nuclear fuel removed from the K Basins in dry storage until such time that it can be transferred to the national geological repository at Yucca Mountain Nevada. This sub-project was initiated in late 1994 by a series of studies and conceptual designs. These studies determined that the partially constructed storage building, originally built as part of the Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant (HWVP) Project, could be redesigned to safely store the spent nuclear fuel. The scope of the CSB facility initially included a receiving station, a hot conditioning system, a storage vault, and a Multi-Canister Overpack (MCO) Handling Machine (MHM). Because of evolution of the project technical strategy, the hot conditioning system was deleted from the scope and MCO welding and sampling stations were added in its place. This report outlines the methods, procedures, and outputs developed by Project W379 to verify that the provided Structures, Systems, and Components (SSCs): satisfy the design requirements and acceptance criteria; perform their intended function; ensure that failure modes and hazards have been addressed in the design; and ensure that the SSCs as installed will not adversely impact other SSCs. Because this sub-project is still in the construction/start-up phase, all verification activities have not yet been performed (e.g., canister cover cap and welding fixture system verification, MCO Internal Gas Sampling equipment verification, and As-built verification.). The verification activities identified in this report that still are to be performed will be added to the start-up punchlist and tracked to closure

  19. Building the Superconducting Super Collider, 1989-1993: The Problem of Project Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riordan, Michael

    2011-04-01

    In attempting to construct the Superconducting Super Collider, US particle physicists faced a challenge unprecedented in the history of science. The SSC was the biggest and costliest pure scientific project ever, comparable in overall scale to the Manhattan Project or the Panama Canal - an order of magnitude larger than any previous particle accelerator or collider project. Managing such an enormous endeavor involved coordinating conventional-construction, magnet-manufacturing, and detector-building efforts costing over a billion dollars apiece. Because project-management experience at this scale did not exist within the physics community, the Universities Research Association and the US Department of Energy turned to companies and individuals from the military-industrial complex, with mixed results. The absence of a strong, qualified individual to serve as Project Manager throughout the duration of the project was a major problem. I contend that these problems in its project management contributed importantly to the SSC's 1993 demise. Research supported by NSF Award No. 823296.

  20. Trait stacking for biotech crops: an essential consideration for agbiotech development projects for building trust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezezika Obidimma C

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The development of agricultural biotechnology humanitarian projects for food security in the last five years has been rapid in developing countries and is expected to rise sharply over the coming years. An extremely critical issue in these projects involves building trust with the community and farmers they aim to serve. For the first time, our social audit engagement with one of these initiatives, the Water Efficient Maize for Africa project, has revealed that a critical but unrecognized component of building trust with farmers involves publicly addressing the concerns surrounding stacked trait crops. As a result, we argue in this article that it is critical to actively anticipate the concerns that could be raised over trait stacking by incorporating them into global access plans of such initiatives early in order to facilitate adoption, provide the best value to the small-scale farmer and gain trust with the community whom these projects aim to serve. This perspective, based on an actual international social audit, should be of value to scientists, funders and partners involved in biotech development initiatives for food security.

  1. The Contractor Perception Towers Industrialised Building System Risk in Construction Projects in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salihudin Hassim

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of IBS (Industrialised Building System has attracted a lot of countries like Singapore, Sweden, Germany, Japan and the United Kingdom. This system can replace the conventional building system which is labour oriented. However, since the first project of IBS in year 1964 till today, IBS in Malaysia is not well accepted by the construction parties because of failure to adequately deal with risks in the IBS projects. To address this matter, this study had identified the risks faced by contractor in IBS construction projects. The risk identification techniques used were brainstorming, analysis of journal and conference papers and discussion with practitioners and data were collected by a questionnaire survey on contractors. It was found that there are twelve major risks in construction using IBS which are; acts of God, change in work and defective design, changes in government regulation, contractor competence, delayed payment and resolving contractual issues, financial failure-any party, labour and equipment productivity, labour, equipment and material availability, quality of work, safety, site access/right of way and suppliers/manufacturers poor performance. Therefore, it is hoped that the finding of this research could assist Malaysian contractors in making risk management planning besides improving decisions making to achieve project.

  2. Building effective partnerships: the role of trust in the Virus Resistant Cassava for Africa project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezezika Obidimma C

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Virus Resistant Cassava for Africa (VIRCA is an agricultural biotechnology public-private partnership (PPP comprising the Donald Danforth Plant Sciences Center (DDPSC, National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO of Uganda and Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI. The project seeks to develop virus-resistant cassava for farmers in Kenya and Uganda. Yet, there is much public skepticism about the use of genetically modified (GM crops and private sector involvement in Africa. This case study sought to understand the role of trust in the VIRCA partnership. Methods We conducted semi-structured, face-to-face interviews to obtain stakeholders’ views on the challenges to, and practices for, building trust in the VIRCA partnership. Interviewee responses, together with relevant documents and articles, were analyzed to generate descriptions of how trust is operationalized in this evolving agbiotech PPP. Data were analyzed based on recurring and emergent themes from the interviewee responses. Results Various factors undermine and build trust in agbiotech PPPs. Individual and institutional enthusiasm and detailed collaborative agreements stipulating partner roles and responsibilities are likely to enhance trust among partners. On the other hand, negative perceptions propagated by international partners about the capacities of African institutions and scientists, coupled with slow regulatory processes in Africa, are likely to be impediments to trust building. Conclusions Based on the findings of this study, we have derived four key lessons. First, differences in the capacity of the partner institutions and individuals should be respected. Second, technical and infrastructural capacity support for regulatory processes in Africa must be built. Third, detailed agreements and open and transparent partner practices during project implementation are necessary to dispel perceptions of inequality among partners. Fourth, institutional

  3. NPP Cernavoda Unit 2 Financing Completion Works

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    NPP Cernavoda Unit 2 completion is the highest priority of the Romanian power sector strategy. The nuclear energy represents, through its technological features of adopted solution (a CANDU nuclear power plant) and also through technological and economical performance indicators, the best solution to fulfill the demands concerning the sustainable development and the electricity request. The guidelines of energy strategy regarding the nuclear sector development in Romania are framing in the general policy for energy system development at least costs and they are responding to requests concerning the environment and people protection. The paper presents the financing alternatives for Unit 2 completion works taking into consideration the financing market conditions. The paper presents the impact of the financing conditions on the project efficiency, as well as the facilities offered by the Romanian Government in order to support this project. (author)

  4. Software to Compare NPP HDF5 Data Files

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiegand, Chiu P.; LeMoigne-Stewart, Jacqueline; Ruley, LaMont T.

    2013-01-01

    This software was developed for the NPOESS (National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System) Preparatory Project (NPP) Science Data Segment. The purpose of this software is to compare HDF5 (Hierarchical Data Format) files specific to NPP and report whether the HDF5 files are identical. If the HDF5 files are different, users have the option of printing out the list of differences in the HDF5 data files. The user provides paths to two directories containing a list of HDF5 files to compare. The tool would select matching HDF5 file names from the two directories and run the comparison on each file. The user can also select from three levels of detail. Level 0 is the basic level, which simply states whether the files match or not. Level 1 is the intermediate level, which lists the differences between the files. Level 2 lists all the details regarding the comparison, such as which objects were compared, and how and where they are different. The HDF5 tool is written specifically for the NPP project. As such, it ignores certain attributes (such as creation_date, creation_ time, etc.) in the HDF5 files. This is because even though two HDF5 files could represent exactly the same granule, if they are created at different times, the creation date and time would be different. This tool is smart enough to ignore differences that are not relevant to NPP users.

  5. User experiences using the operator support systems SCORPIO and SPDS at Kola NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: During the years from 2000 to 2004 a Safety Parameter Display System (SPDS) and a SCORPIO-VVER system have been installed and put into operation at Kola NPP in northern Russia. The projects have been carried out in co-operation with Finnish and Russian subcontractors with IFE, Halden, as the main contractor and the project manager. Both projects have been defined within the Norwegian Assistance Programme to Nuclear Installations at the Kola Peninsula and financed by the Norwegian government. The SPDS project has also been partly financed by the Finnish government. The Kola SPDS, which is based on a system originally developed for the Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant in Finland, was installed and put into operation on Kola NPP units 1 and 2 in April 2000 and on Kola NPP units 3 and 4 in March 2004. The system has been licensed and approved by Russian authority (GAN) for use in the control room environment. The SCORPIO-VVER system is based on the SCORPIO-VVER framework developed for Dukovany NPP, Czech Republic and Bohunice NPP, Slovak Republic. Further, the experience gained with the SCORPIO framework developed for Western PWRs have been utilised. The SCORPIO-VVER system was installed and put into operation at Kola NPP Nuclear Safety Centre in December 2003 for core monitoring on units 3 and 4. The user experiences by introducing the SPDS and the SCORPIO-VVER system at Kola NPP are so far very positive. By introducing an SPDS at Kola NPP, the process safety status (single or combinations of signals) is presented for the operator in a centralized location (on one screen) in the control room and in a form that makes it easier to obtain a quick assessment of the process safety status. According to feedback from control room personnel the SPDS has enhanced the monitoring of the safety status of the plant. The reactor core is the most central component of a nuclear power plant and a comprehensive core monitoring system is very important for maintaining reactor

  6. Integrated tool for NPP lifetime management in Spain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The project for the Integrated Nuclear Power Plant Lifetime Management System SIGEVI (Sistema Integrado de GEstion de VIda de Centrales Nucleares) was initiated in April 1998 and finalized in December 2000, the main objective of the project being to develop a computer application facilitating the assessment of the condition and lifetime of nuclear power plant components. This constituted the second phase of a further-reaching project on NPP Lifetime Management. During the first phase of this project, carried out between 1992 and 1995, the methodology and strategy for the lifetime management of the Spanish NPP's were developed. Among others, degradation phenomena were assessed and the most adequate methods for their monitoring were defined. The SIGEVI Project has been performed under the management of UNESA (Spanish Electricity Association) and with the collaboration of different engineering firms and research institutes (Tecnatom, Empresarios Agrupados, Ufisa, Initec and IIT), with Vandellos II as the pilot plant. The rest of the Spanish NPP's have also actively participated through the Project Steering Committee. The following sections describe the scope, the structure and the main functionalities of the system SIGEVI. (authors)

  7. Interdisciplinary Service-Learning: Building Student Competencies through the Cross-Cultural Parent Groups Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Belliveau

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Changing demographics and an emphasis on competency-based social work education call for innovative approaches to the delivery of curricular content. In an effort to introduce BSW students to the socio-political issues facing the local Latino immigrant community, a service-learning project was developed in collaboration with the Spanish Language Department and a local middle school. An analysis of outcomes from social work student evaluations showed that students engaged with the community and issues in new and unexpected ways. Through their engagement in a cross-cultural group project, students developed greater cultural competency, honed their group practice skills in an unfamiliar context, provided a needed service to the community, and raised their awareness about the working conditions of new immigrants as part of a developing framework for social action. Details and implications of the project as a means to build student competencies are described.

  8. Standard protocol for evaluation of environmental transfer factors around NPP sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents the standard procedures for evaluation of site specific environmental transfer factors around NPP sites. The scope of this document is to provide standard protocol to be followed for evaluation of environmental transfer factors around NPP sites. The studies on transfer factors are being carried out at various NPP sites under DAE-BRNS projects for evaluation of site specific transfer factors for radionuclides released from power plants. This document contains a common methodology in terms of sampling, processing, measurements and analysis of elemental/radionuclides, while keeping the site specific requirements also in place. (author)

  9. Indoor air quality large building characterization project planning. Report for September 1992--May 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three buildings were characterized in this project by examining radon concentrations and indoor air quality (IAQ) levels as affected by building ventilation dynamics. IAQ data collection stations (IAQDS) for monitoring and data logging, remote switches (pressure and sail switches), and a weather station were installed. Measurements of indoor radon carbon dioxide, particle concentrations, temperature, humidity, pressure differentials, ambient and sub-slab radon concentrations, and outdoor air (OA) intake flow rates were collected. The OA intake was adjusted when possible, and fan cycles were controlled while tracer gas measurements were taken in all zones and IAQDS data were collected. Ventilation, infiltration, mixing rates, radon entry, pressure/temperature convective driving forces, CO2 generation/decay rates, and IAQ levels were established for baseline and OA-adjusted conditions

  10. HE Machining Complex and Support Buildings Deactivation and Decommissioning Project at the Pantex Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the issues related to the deactivation and decommissioning of a very unique building at the Department of Energy's Pantex Plant located in Amarillo, TX. Building 12-24 was unique in the fact that it had a number of obstacles that have not been previously addressed in the deactivation and decommissioning of a single structure such as asbestos, beryllium, possible radionuclide contamination, lead paint, heavily reinforced concrete walls, and high explosive (HE) contamination inside and out. To date, the building has been razed and the majority of all equipment has been disposed of. Remaining work includes concrete and soil debris removal, earthen barricade removal, and site leveling. Pantex Site Summary: Pantex Plant is America's only nuclear weapons assembly and disassembly facility. Located on the High Plains of the Texas Panhandle, 17 miles northeast of Amarillo, Pantex is centered on a 16,000-acre site just north of U. S. Highway 60 in Carson County. The Pantex Plant industrial operations are conducted for the DOE by a management and operating contractor (BWXT Pantex), and Sandia National Laboratory. DOE owns approximately 9,100 acres at the Pantex Plant. Just over 2,000 acres of the DOE-owned property are used for industrial operations at Pantex Plant excluding the burning ground, firing sites and other outlying areas. The burning ground and firing sites occupy approximately 489 acres. Remaining DOE-owned land serves DOE safety and security purposes. DOE also owns Pantex Lake, a detached piece of property approximately 4 km (2.5 mi) northeast of the main Plant site that comprises 1,077 acres; the playa lake-bed itself occupying approximately 800 acres. Currently no government industrial operations are conducted at the Pantex Lake property. Seventy-six kilometers (47 mi) of roads exist within the Pantex Plant boundaries. Project Summary: Facilities are deactivated and decommissioned (D and D) when there is no longer a mission for them or they

  11. Becoming and being an African scholar: a 15 year perspective on capacity building projects in Ghana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller-Jensen, Lasse; Madsen, Lene Møller

    2015-01-01

    Universities in Africa are increasingly seen as key drivers for development and, hence, as a focus point for development agencies in the North. Through the ENhancement of REsearch Capacity (ENRECA) programme 1989–2009, the Danish Development Agency has facilitated Ph.D. education and research in...... partnerships with African higher education institutions. As other capacity-building projects, ENRECA has been evaluated by donor-initiated missions looking at research output, degrees awarded and interviewing heads and administrators. But how did the individuals who opted for an academic career experience the...... process? – are they still part of the university system or have they found other opportunities? – and what do their narratives tell us about long-term capacity building? These are relevant questions to address for understanding the role of African Universities as drivers and actors in development...

  12. Brief report of the design work on buildings of the Japanese Hadron Project, 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief report of the design work on buildings of the Japanese Hadron Project has been published as a JHP-report (JHP-15). The design of the buildings has to be modified to fulfill the detailed design works on accelerators and experimental facilities which are in still progress. Modification of drawings ie easy if they are prepared as data in a CAD system. Most of the drawings have therefore been newly prepared as data in the CAD system. Some of the drawings in JHP-15 have been modified to meet the recent study of the beam line optics requirements for the JHP beam line. The CAD system used is MiniCad+ by GRAPHSOFT INC. Data of drawings in 3.5 inch floppy disks can be distributed. (author)

  13. Factors contributing to the waste generation in building projects of Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Generation of construction waste is a worldwide issue that concerns not only governments but also the building actors involved in construction industry. For developing countries like Pakistan, rising levels of waste generation, due to the rapid growth of towns and cities have become critical issue. Therefore this study is aimed to detect the factors, which are the main causes of construction waste generation. Questionnaire survey has been conducted to achieve this task and RIW (Relative Importance Weight) method has been used to analyze the results of this study. The important factors contributing to the generation of construction as identified in this study are: frequent changes/ revision in design during construction process; poor scheduling; unavailability of storage; poor workmanship; poor layout; inefficient planning and scheduling of resources and lack of coordination among supervision staff deployed at site. Based on the identified factors, the study also has presented some suggestions for the reduction of construction waste in building construction projects of Pakistan. (author)

  14. Seismic site evaluation practice and seismic design guide for NPP in Continent of China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu Yuxian [State Seismological Bureau, Beijing, BJ (China). Inst. of Geophysics

    1997-03-01

    Energy resources, seismicity, NPP and related regulations of the Continent of China are briefly introduced in the beginning and two codes related to the seismic design of NPP, one on siting and another on design, are discussed in some detail. The one on siting is an official code of the State Seismological Bureau, which specifies the seismic safety evaluation requirements of various kinds of structures, from the most critic and important structures such as NPP to ordinary buildings, and including also engineering works in big cities. The one on seismic design of NPP is a draft subjected to publication now, which will be an official national code. The first one is somewhat unique but the second one is quite similar to those in the world. (author)

  15. VERTICAL PROJECTION EFFICIENCY OF PIVOT POINTS USING ELECTRONIC TACHEOMETER DURING CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. S. Nesterenok

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows that functional limitation of zenith devices and introduction of modern high-accuracy electronic tacheometers should lead to substitution of the mentioned devices for tacheometers in geodesic works concerning vertical projection of pivot points of the constructed buildings and structures. However the electronic tacheometer has not been considered in the function of a zenith device in ТКП 45-1.03-26-2006.Special experiemnts and practical works executed by UE “Geokart” has proved that in accordance with its design the electronic tacheometer equipped with a compensator for small inclinations and zenith prism attachment for ocular can be applied as a vertical projection device while setting sighting line of a telescope in a fixed vertical position. Corresponding experiments have been carried out for multi-storied building of business centre located in the M. Tank Street in Minsk in order to obtain comparative characteristics of vertical projection accuracy with the help of tacheometer TOPCON GPT 7501 and zenith device PZL-100. An initial point of the staked grid has been situated at the elevation ±0,0 м, standard graph elevation has been equal to +49,5 м (concrete slab of the 14th floor, projection height referred to the device has been equal to Н = 47,8 м. Both devices have been set on the same stand using a purpose made adaptive device in order to exclude centering errors. Deviation in position of final projection points on the standard graph which were obtained with the help of two devices has been equal to 1.2 mm, that testifies practical equal accuracy of the zenith device and tacheometer for vertical projection function.Additional advantage of the electronic tacheometer in comparison with special vertical projection devi ces lies in the fact that in the case of a certain misalignment of geodesic openings in intermediate floors ta- cheometer deviating from the vertical makes it possible to carry out initial point

  16. Chemistry monitoring and diagnostic system at NPP Jaslovske Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper provides a description of water chemistry monitoring and diagnostic system installed at Slovak NPP Jaslovske Bohunice. System has complex architecture and covers laboratory data, chemistry and radiochemistry on-line monitoring data, process data acquisition and processing and diagnostics. Pre-filtered data from process computer and chemistry on-line monitors are recorded together with laboratory data in the ORACLE-based information system CHEMIS with many presentation and processing features. Brief information is given about the basic features of a newly developed diagnostic system for early detection and identification of anomalies incoming in the water chemistry regime of the primary and secondary circuit of VVER-440 type unit. This system, called SACHER (System of Analysis of Chemical Regime) has been installed within the major modernization project at the NPP Bohunice in the Slovak Republic. System SACHER has been developed fully in MATLAB environment. Diagnostic system works exclusively with available on-line data as an operation personnel support application allowing effective response to adverse chemistry events/trends. The availability of prompt information about the chemical conditions of the primary and secondary circuit is very important in order to prevent the undue corrosion and deposit build-up processes within the plant systems. The typical chemical information systems that exist and work at the NPPs give the user values of the measured quantities together with their time trends and other derived values. It is then the experienced user's role to recognize the situation the monitored process is in and make the subsequent decisions and take the measures. The SACHER system, based on the computational intelligence techniques, inserts the elements of intelligence into the overall chemical information system. It has the modular structure with the following most important modules: - normality module- its aim is to recognize that the process

  17. Consideration of MAAP 5.0.2 ESF Model Characteristics for APR1400 NPP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Mi Ro; Kim, Hyeong Taek [KHNP-CRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    After the Fukushima accident, EPRI has developed the MAAP (Modular Accident Analysis Program) version 5 that is expected to make up the limitation of MAAP4, that is to say, the appropriateness of the model for the severe accident phenomena and the applicability to the phenomena in the spent fuel pool and the halfloop operation. Up to now, the newest version of MAAP is 5.0.2 (Build 5020000) that was released officially in December, 2013. In addition to this, it is expected that MAAP 5.0.3 version will be published sooner or later. As a kind of post-Fukushima measures, KHNP is developing the probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) and severe accident management guideline (SAMG) for low power and shutdown (LPSD) mode and MAAP 5.0.2 should be used in these projects as a major analysis program. So, first of all, it is necessary that the parameter file for domestic NPP should be upgraded as current Ver. MAAP4 to Ver. MAAP 5.0.2. KHNP has developed the draft version of parameter file for APR1400 type NPP and is being upgraded continuously. The Engineering Safety Features (ESF) model is one of the unique features of MAAP. In this study, we try to share the general information of the MAAP ESF model and the specific characteristics of APR1400 ESF model based on the newly developed MAAP 5.0.2 parameter file. Currently, while developing the LPSD PSA and LPSD SAMG as a kind of post-Fukushima measures, KHNP have the plan in order to upgrade the old parameter file based on MAAP4 to that based on MAAP5.0.2 for all domestic nuclear power plants. And, as the first effort, we are developing the MAAP 5.0.2 parameter file for APR1400 type NPP. In this study, we tried to develop the more accurate and reasonable ESF model of APR1400. In this process, we can find the distinctions and characteristics of specific ESF model and generalized ESF model of MAAP5.0.2. Also, we can eliminate the confusing concepts existed in the two models. So, it is judged that the newly developed MAAP5

  18. Important projects of the Division

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this chapter important projects of the Division for Radiation Safety, NPP Decommissioning and Radwaste Management of the VUJE, a. s. are presented. Division for Radiation Safety, NPP Decommissioning and Radwaste Management has successfully carried out variety of significant projects. The most significant projects that were realised, are implemented and possible future projects are introduced in the following part of presentation.

  19. The ACT{sup 2} project: Demonstration of maximum energy efficiency in real buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crawley, D.B. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Krieg, B.L. [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Ramon, CA (United States)

    1991-11-01

    A large US utility recently began a project to determine whether the use of new energy-efficient end-use technologies and systems would economically achieve substantial energy savings (perhaps as high as 75% over current practice). Using a field-based demonstration approach, the Advanced Customer Technology Test (ACT{sup 2}) for Maximum Energy Efficiency is providing information on the maximum energy savings possible when integrated packages of new high-efficiency end-use technologies are incorporated into commercial and residential buildings and industrial and agricultural processes. This paper details the underlying rationale, approach, results to date, and future plans for ACT{sup 2}. The ultimate goal is energy efficiency (doing more with less energy) rather than energy conservation (freezing in the dark). In this paper, we first explain why a major United States utility is committed to pursuing demand-side management so aggressively. Next, we discuss the approach the utility chose for conducting the ACT{sup 2} project. We then review results obtained to date from the project`s pilot demonstration site. Last, we describe other related demonstration projects being proposed by the utility.

  20. Project-Based Market Competition and Policy Implications for Sustainable Developments in Building and Construction Sectors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min-Ren Yan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Building and construction sectors are significant contributors to the global economy, but their energy consumption necessitates greater commitment to sustainable developments. There is therefore a growing demand for green innovation in the form of cleaner production and policies to meet the modern requirements of sustainability. However, the nature in which public work is undertaken is in an environment of project-based market competition, whereby contractors routinely bid for contracts under specific project awarding systems, and variations are accompanied with the unique scope of individual projects before the final goods or services are delivered. A comprehensive understanding of the characteristics and contractors’ behavior in systems could help to identify the leverage points of policies. This paper proposes a system dynamics model, with quantitative analysis and simulations, to demonstrate the problems of a system with different project awarding systems and ineffective market performance. The framework of market efficiency and performance measures has been proposed to evaluate the project-based competition mechanism. Managerial policy implications for market efficiency and sustainable developments can thus be systematically discussed and compared through iterative computer simulations and scenario analysis.

  1. E-Learning and School Development - Strengths and Challenges of Capacity Building in School Development Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Line Skov Hansen

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - This paper intends to focus on the strengths and challenges of capacity building in school development projects. The paper is based on practical experiences with three different projects CLL (Classroom Management, Learning and Teaching Authority in Norway, the implementation of the LP- (learning environment and pedagogical analysis model in Denmark as well as professional development of school administrators in a Danish municipality. The total number of participants in these projects is approximately 500 schools and 24 000 teachers and school administrators. One of the challenges about school improvement in general, is linked to the development of competences and training of employees. Training of teachers and school administrators is often costly in terms of time, finances and organization. In accordance with these challenges, Centre of the Study of Educational Practice (SePU, Norway and Centre for Knowledge-Based Educational Practice (CVIPP, Denmark have designed projects for developing competences and training based on “blended learning” concepts. The didactic designs, in all three projects, are based on problem-oriented e-learning modules that are approached in teams. Through learning in teams, competences are developed together with colleagues. Through e-learning training and development of competences can take place at each school, within the limits and resources available at the school by using e-learning. E-learning can therefore contribute to improved flexibility in human resource development and lifelong learning.

  2. US Department of Energy Grand Junction Projects Office Remedial Action Project. Final report of the decontamination and decommissioning of Building 52 at the Grand Junction Projects Office Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore and mill tailings during uranium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District and during pilot milling experiments conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission's domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJPO Remedial Action Project to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and the underlying aquifer. The site contractor for the facility, Rust Geotech, also was the remedial action contractor. Building 52 was found to be radiologically contaminated and was demolished in 1994. The soil area within the footprint of the building has been remediated in accordance with the identified standards and the area can be released for unlimited exposure and unrestricted use. This document was prepared in response to a DOE request for an individual final report for each contaminated GJPO building

  3. US Department of Energy Grand Junction Projects Office Remedial Action Project. Final report of the decontamination and decommissioning of Building 52 at the Grand Junction Projects Office Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krabacher, J.E.

    1996-08-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore and mill tailings during uranium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District and during pilot milling experiments conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission`s domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJPO Remedial Action Project to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and the underlying aquifer. The site contractor for the facility, Rust Geotech, also was the remedial action contractor. Building 52 was found to be radiologically contaminated and was demolished in 1994. The soil area within the footprint of the building has been remediated in accordance with the identified standards and the area can be released for unlimited exposure and unrestricted use. This document was prepared in response to a DOE request for an individual final report for each contaminated GJPO building.

  4. Green Building Challenge 98 (GBC 98) - process, boundary conditions, tools of assessment, demonstration projects. Final report; Green Building Challenge 98 (GBC 98) - Prozess, Rahmenwerk, Bewertungstool, Demonstrationsgebaeude. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loehnert, G. [Solidar Planungsgesellschaft Architekten und Ingenieure, Berlin (Germany); Luetzkendorf, T. [Bauhaus-Universitaet Weimar (DE). Inst. fuer Ressourcenschonendes Bauen (IREB); Schuler, M. [TRANSSOLAR Energietechnik GmbH, Stuttgart (Germany); Kohler, N. [ifib, Universitaet Karlsruhe (TH) (Germany)

    2000-06-01

    Project goals: (a) Establishment of general definitions for green buildings on the basis of national and regional conditions for individualized application of an assessment system; (b) Transfer of environmentally and energy-relevant planning indicators from successful projects to other projects in order to produce multiplication effects; (c) Development of internationally comparable orientation aids and standards for green buildings, identification and documentation of exceptional and standard-setting buildings; (d) Development and follow-up of a long-term development process and information exchange for providing the preconditions for advertizing and marketing of green building concepts. [German] Zielsetzung und Anlass des Vorhabens: Entwicklung und Information ueber die Fortschritte und Umsetzungsmoeglichkeiten in der Bewertung von Leistungen und Qualitaeten umweltentlastender Bauweisen fuer Wissenschaftler, Planer und Bauherren. Die Projektziele verfolgen im einzelnen die: (a) Schaffung allgemeingueltiger Definitionen umweltgerechter Bauweisen (green buildings) auf der Basis nationaler / regional-spezifischer Bedingungen fuer die individuelle Anwendung eines Bewertungssystems (b) Uebertragung von umwelt- und energierelevanten Planungsindikatoren aus erfolgreichen Einzelprojekten auf andere Projekte zur Erzeugung von Multiplikatoreneffekten (c) Entwicklung international vergleichbarer Orientierungshilfen und Massstaebe fuer das umweltgerechte Gebaeude sowie die Identifizierung und Dokumentation aussergewoehnlicher und vorbildlicher Gebaeude (d) Foerderung und Pflege eines langfristigen Entwicklungsprozesses und Informationsaustausches mit dem Ziel, Voraussetzungen zur Werbung und Marktumsetzung 'gruener' Gebaeude-/Baukonzepte zu liefern. (orig.)

  5. Practices of the IAEA SAT projects' implementation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Personnel training directly affects NPP safety and efficiency. Training related projects do not differ from other NPP projects and should be subject to the same policies. Project success is resultant from many projects but project failure might be resultant from only one unsuccessful project

  6. Application and importance of cost-benefit analysis in energy efficiency projects implemented in public buildings: The case of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đurovic Dejan M.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to present the advantages of using Cost-Benefit analysis in energy efficiency projects implemented in public buildings, and to prove the hypothesis that Cost-Benefit analysis boosts the effectiveness and efficiency of the said type of projects. The paper offers theoretical and practical explanation of the implementation of Cost-Benefit analysis in the relevant area. Since energy efficiency projects in public buildings usually represent a part of a broader portfolio of similar projects and their implementation demands allocation of substantial financial resources, communities are often be interested in achieving maximal economic and non-economic benefits. This paper aims to demonstrate that Cost-Benefit analysis can represent an excellent contribution when attempting to select the projects for implementation within a broader portfolio of energy efficiency projects in public buildings. This hypothesis was demonstrated by putting a greater emphasis on non-economic benefits and the costs arising from implementation of the aforementioned types of projects. In addition, a practical test of this hypothesis was performed through the implementation of an energy efficiency portfolio in public buildings, worth several tens of millions of dollars - the Serbian Energy Efficiency Project. The paper concludes that the use of Cost-Benefit analysis can help us to effectively evaluate and manage projects of this type aimed at achieving maximum benefits for the community in question.

  7. Nonlinear modal analysis in NPP dynamics: a proposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We propose and briefly suggest how to apply the analytical tools of nonlinear modal analysis (NMA) to problems of nuclear reactor kinetics, NPP dynamics, and NPP instrumentation and control. The proposed method is closely related with recent approaches by modal analysis using the reactivity matrix with feedbacks to couple neutron kinetics with thermal hydraulics in the reactors core. A nonlinear system of ordinary differential equations for mode amplitudes is obtained, projecting the dynamic equations of a model of NPP onto the eigenfunctions of a suitable adjoint operator. A steady state solution of the equations is taken as a reference, and the behaviour of transient solutions in some neighbourhood of the steady state solution is studied by an extension of Liapunov's First Method that enables to cope directly with the non-linear terms in the dynamics. In NPP dynamics these differential equations for the mode amplitudes are of polynomial type of low degree A few dominant modes can usually be identified. These mode amplitudes evolve almost independently of the other modes, more slowly and tending to slave the other mode amplitudes. Using asymptotic methods, it is possible to calculate a closed form analytical approximation to the response to finite amplitude perturbations from the given steady spatial pattern (the origin of the space of mode amplitudes).When there is finite amplitude instability, the method allows us to calculate the threshold amplitude as a well defined function of system's parameters. This is a most significant accomplishment that the other methods cannot afford

  8. Progress in Decommissioning of Ignalina NPP Unit 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the paper is to present the Lithuanian legal framework regarding the nuclear safety in Decommissioning and Waste Management, and the progress in the Decommissioning Programme of the unit 1 of Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP). INPP is the only nuclear plant in Lithuania. It comprises two RBMK-1500 reactors. After Lithuania has restored its independence, responsibility for Ignalina NPP was transferred to the Republic of Lithuania. To ensure the control of the Nuclear Safety in Lithuania, The State Nuclear Power Safety Inspectorate (VATESI) was created on 18 October 1991, by a resolution of the Lithuanian Government. Significant work has been performed over the last decade, aiming at upgrading the safety level of the Ignalina NPP with reference to the International standards. On 5 October 1999 the Seimas (Parliament) adopted the National Energy Strategy: It has been decided that unit 1 of Ignalina NPP will be closed down before 2005, The conditions and precise final date of the decommissioning of Unit 2 will be stated in the updated National Energy strategy in 2004. On 20-21 June 2000, the International Donors' Conference for the Decommissioning of Ignalina NPP took place in Vilnius. More than 200 Millions Euro were pledged of which 165 M funded directly from the European Union's budget, as financial support to the Decommissioning projects. The Decommissioning Program encompasses legal, organizational, financial and technical means including the social and economical impacts in the region of Ignalina. The Program is financed from International Support Fund, State budget, National Decommissioning Fund of Ignalina NPP and other funds. Decommissioning of Ignalina NPP is subject to VATESI license according to the Law on Nuclear Energy. The Government established the licensing procedure in the so-called 'Procedure for licensing of Nuclear Activities'; and the document 'General Requirements for Decommissioning of the Ignalina NPP' has been issued by VATESI. A

  9. Current situation of the project finishing of the building of 3 and 4 block of the nuclear power plant Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the contribution there is the basic information mentioned about history of building and the current situation at the finishing of the building of 3 and 4 block of the Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce with the use of project digitization. Further on the contribution shows what kinds of supporting material has been elaborated, what kind of decisions have been issued to the finishing of the building, way of financing and also the assumption of investment return under the defined conditions. An orientation time schedule of the finishing of the building and the crucial steps for its security are presented in the conclusion

  10. Design Verification Report Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project Canister Storage Building (CSB)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Sub-project W379, ''Spent Nuclear Fuel Canister Storage Building (CSB),'' was established as part of the Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project. The primary mission of the CSB is to safely store spent nuclear fuel removed from the K Basins in dry storage until such time that it can be transferred to the national geological repository at Yucca Mountain Nevada. This sub-project was initiated in late 1994 by a series of studies and conceptual designs. These studies determined that the partially constructed storage building, originally built as part of the Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant (HWVP) Project, could be redesigned to safely store the spent nuclear fuel. The scope of the CSB facility initially included a receiving station, a hot conditioning system, a storage vault, and a Multi-Canister Overpack (MCO) Handling Machine (MHM). Because of evolution of the project technical strategy, the hot conditioning system was deleted from the scope and MCO welding and sampling stations were added in its place. This report outlines the methods, procedures, and outputs developed by Project W379 to verify that the provided Structures, Systems, and Components (SSCs): satisfy the design requirements and acceptance criteria; perform their intended function; ensure that failure modes and hazards have been addressed in the design; and ensure that the SSCs as installed will not adversely impact other SSCs. The original version of this document was prepared by Vista Engineering for the SNF Project. The purpose of this revision is to document completion of verification actions that were pending at the time the initial report was prepared. Verification activities for the installed and operational SSCs have been completed. Verification of future additions to the CSB related to the canister cover cap and welding fixture system and MCO Internal Gas Sampling equipment will be completed as appropriate for those components. The open items related to verification of those requirements are noted

  11. A Relationship Framework for Building Information Modeling (BIM Capability in Quantity Surveying Practice and Project Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wong, P. F.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Construction industry has suffered from poor project performance and it’s crucial to find out solution to improve this issue. Quantity surveyors (QSs play a key role in managing project cost. However, their method of performing tasks is tedious till affect the project performance. Building information modeling (BIM application is attaining attention in the construction industry as a mean to improve the project performance. However, the adoption is low among QSs due to limited study of the BIM’s capabilities in their profession. This research aims to identify the BIM capabilities in quantity surveying practices and examine its relationship with project performance by developing a relationship framework. Data were collected through questionnaire survey and interview in Malaysia. Questionnaire results revealed that several BIM capabilities were significantly correlated with project performance and they were validated through interview. The relationship framework will guide QSs to focus on the identified BIM capabilities for better project outcomes.La industria de la construcción ha sufrido históricamente desviaciones en las mediciones de los materiales empleados frente a las cantidades proyectadas. Los aparejadores juegan un papel clave en este aspecto como responsables de la recepción de materiales. Sin embargo, el trabajo de medición es tedioso hasta el punto de afectar al rendimiento del proyecto. La aplicación del Building Information Modeling (BIM está logrando mejorar este trabajo. Aun así, su utilización es baja entre los aparejadores debido a la escasa formación recibida sobre las posibilidades del BIM. Esta investigación busca identificar las capacidades del BIM aplicado a la medición de materiales y examinar su relación con el rendimiento del proyecto desarrollando un marco de relación. Mediante encuestas y entrevistas realizadas en Malasia, se obtuvieron datos que revelaron que varias capacidades de BIM se correlacionan

  12. Shake table investigation at Paks NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the framework of the earthquake upgrading project at Paks NPP shake table investigations were carried out on cabinets and instrumentation and control instruments. Some devices were tested on newly developed shake tables. In the first series six instrumentation and control cabinets were tested with the main purpose to verify experimentally the results of calculations by COSMOSM code. in the second series the mechanical resistance of 8 instruments was rested. The third series the tested instruments were divided into two groups. Instruments in the first group were tested mechanically, while the functioning of instruments in the second group was tested during shaking. The fourth and fifth series of investigations involve test of new cabinets before installation, their functioning was tested during shaking

  13. The intelligent system for accident identification in NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Accidental situations in NPP are of greet concern for operators, the facility, regulatory bodies and the environment. This work proposes a design of intelligent system aimed to assist the operator in the process of decision making when initiator events with higher relative contribution to the reactor core damage occur. The intelligent System uses the results of the pre operational Probabilistic Safety Assessment and the Thermal hydraulic Safety Analyses of the NPP Juragua as source for building its knowledge base. The nucleus of the system is presented as a design of an intelligent hybrid system from the combination of the artificial intelligence techniques: fussy logic and artificial neural networks. The system works with variables from the process of the firsts circuit, second circuit and the containment and it is presented as a model for the integration of safety analyses in the process of decision making by the operator when tackling with accidental situations

  14. Replacement of battery in Asco NPP Chargers; Sustitucion de cargadores de baterias en C. N. Asco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montero Lansanc, J.

    2013-07-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present the project to replace battery chargers at NPP Asco. It describes the reasons for the replacement, the project approach, the development to date and current status of the project, the economics, and some lessons learned during the process.

  15. The ACT sup 2 project: Demonstration of maximum energy efficiency in real buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crawley, D.B. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Krieg, B.L. (Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Ramon, CA (United States))

    1991-11-01

    A large US utility recently began a project to determine whether the use of new energy-efficient end-use technologies and systems would economically achieve substantial energy savings (perhaps as high as 75% over current practice). Using a field-based demonstration approach, the Advanced Customer Technology Test (ACT{sup 2}) for Maximum Energy Efficiency is providing information on the maximum energy savings possible when integrated packages of new high-efficiency end-use technologies are incorporated into commercial and residential buildings and industrial and agricultural processes. This paper details the underlying rationale, approach, results to date, and future plans for ACT{sup 2}. The ultimate goal is energy efficiency (doing more with less energy) rather than energy conservation (freezing in the dark). In this paper, we first explain why a major United States utility is committed to pursuing demand-side management so aggressively. Next, we discuss the approach the utility chose for conducting the ACT{sup 2} project. We then review results obtained to date from the project's pilot demonstration site. Last, we describe other related demonstration projects being proposed by the utility.

  16. Cernavoda NPP Unit 1 - a plant of several generations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper reflects some key aspects related to the shift of generations during the project's development, including the present stage. Further, the place of Cernavoda NPP Unit 1 in the Romanian power sector and among other nuclear stations in the world is presented. The operational performances achieved 'in service' up to the end of 1999, with reference to the performance indicators for electrical energy production, nuclear safety, radiation protection, radioactive wastes and nuclear fuel are illustrated. For all of these items, comparisons are performed with similar indicators reported by other worldwide nuclear power plants, in order to assess our results. Finally, some comments about Cernavoda NPP Unit 2 project status and need to completion and commissioning it are included. (authors)

  17. Indicators to monitor NPP operational safety performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since December 1995 the IAEA activities on safety performance indicators focused on the elaboration of a framework for the establishment of an operational safety performance indicator programme. The development of this framework began with the consideration of the concept of NPP operational safety performance and the identification of operational safety attributes. For each operational safety attribute, overall indicators, envisioned as providing an overall evaluation of relevant aspects of safety performance, were established. Associated with each overall indicator is a level of strategic indicators intended to provide a bridge from overall to specific indicators. Finally each strategic indicator was supported by a set of specific indicators, which represent quantifiable measures of performance. The programme development was enhanced by pilot plant studies, conducted over a 15 month period from January 1998 to March 1999. The result of all this work is compiled in the IAEA-TECDOC-1141, to be published shortly. This paper presents a summary of this IAEA TECDOC. It describes the operational safety performance indicator framework proposed and discusses the results of and lessons learned from the pilot studies. Despite the efforts described, it is clear that additional research is still necessary in areas such as plant-specific adaptation of proposed frameworks in order to suit individual data collection systems and plant characteristics, indicator selection, indicator definition, goal setting, action thresholds, analysis of trends, indicator display systems, analysis of overall safety performance (i.e., aggregation or combination of indicators), safety culture indicators, qualitative indicators, and use of additional indicators to address issues such as industrial safety attitude and performance, staff welfare, and environmental compliance. This is the rationale for a new IAEA Coordinated Research Project on 'Development and application of indicators to monitor NPP

  18. Decentralisation, Local Governance and Community Participation in Vietnam (Research Reports of the VASS/ISS Capacity Building Project)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.W. de Wit (Joop)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction: In the context of the VASS-ISS project research has been carried out that is relevant for the project‟s core concern of capacity building for local governance and that is to feed into the training workshops provided under the project. The present document is a report on res

  19. INTEGRATED DESIGN AND ENGINEERING USING BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING: A PILOT PROJECT OF SMALL-SCALE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN THE NETHERLANDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizal Sebastian

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available During the design phase, decisions are made that affect, on average, 70% of the life-cycle cost of a building. Therefore, collaborative design relying on multidisciplinary knowledge of the building life cycle is essential. Building information modelling (BIM makes it possible to integrate knowledge from various project participants that traditionally work in different phases of the building process. BIM has been applied in a number of large-scale projects in the industrial real estate and infrastructure sectors in different countries, including The Netherlands. The projects in the housing sector, however, are predominantly small scale and carried out by small and medium enterprises (SMEs. These SMEs are looking for practical and affordable BIM solutions for housing projects. This article reports a pilot project of small-scale housing development using BIM in the province of Zeeland, The Netherlands. The conceptual knowledge derived from European and national research projects is disseminated to the SMEs through a series of experimental working sessions. Action learning protocols within a pilot project are developed to ensure direct impacts in terms of cost reduction and quality improvement. The project shows that BIM can be applied without radical changes to the SMEs' information and communication technology systems or to their business organizations. DOI: 10.3763/aedm.2010.0116 Source: Architectural Engineering and Design Management, Volume 6, Number 2, 2010 , pp. 103-110(8

  20. Risk indicators at Cofrentes NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Following the tend to try to find indicators to show the excellence in the performance where Nuclear Power Plants are currently involved, Cofrentes NPP are managing several indicators related with risk. The concept of risk is classically associated with the product RISK = PROBABILITY * DAMAGE So what a risk based indicator will show is the probability of having a 'damage'. Speaking about a period of time, we will have frequencies of having 'damages'. What is call 'damage' can be differently interpreted depending of what we concern. In western NPP is very extended the concept of 'core damage', meaning the loss of fuel integrity, as a final state to avoid. This have carried in most of western NPP to develop a Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA/PSA), that using technical based in fault trees and event trees models, looks for the frequency to reach core damage. The PSA in Cofrentes NPP has been deeply applied to find weakness in the design and procedures, prioritizations in maintenance activities, quality assurance requirements, justifications to continued operation, and others. A Risk Monitor based in PSA models (and so monitoring the Core Damage Frequency) has been developed and is currently installed in the Control Room to help operators to control the risk associated with each configuration of availability or unavailability of equipments. This PSA Monitor is the source for some indicators that Cofrentes NPP has defined and are sharing with IAEA trying to find an standard. Maximum Core Damage Frequency reached and accumulated annual probability is calculated and compared with expected values and with predefined limits. As the PSA in Cofrentes NPP is only for at power Operations, there has been developed a methodology based on NUMARC 91-06 to measure and control the risk during shutdowns. The 'damage' here is a concept related with the safety functions. Some coefficients are applied to each configuration according with how the safety functions are fulfilled (defense

  1. Brazilian system for NPP personnel training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    increasing in personnel turnover at Angra NPP. This situation is affecting the scope of training activities at Angra NPP. During the last four years, the training department has been growing not only the number of training courses but also the scope of activities, in order to fulfill such new demand. There are many other aspects that influence this situation in a near future. Soon, significant decisions, in this concern will be made for the future of Angra 3. Some important measures are being taken to cope with the new status of training demands. The most significant of these actions is the implementation of SAT - Systematic Approach to Training, supported by IAEA, for all training activities. Through SAT implementation, ELETRONUCLEAR intends to attain and maintain the qualification and competence of its personnel using the international best practice in this field. Far from the nuclear world, concentrated in North American, Europe and Asia, ELETRONUCLEAR benefits a lot from the technical assistance provided by IAEA. Participation in OSART teams, technical working groups, technical co-operation projects and other ways of interaction, has been our most important benchmarking tool. This long and effective relationship together with a safety culture environment promote a permanent upgrading of the training processes

  2. Safety enhancement at Beznau NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The two units of the Beznau Nuclear Power Plant, Switzerland, are presented, and their safety related progress is evaluated. The largest safety enhancement has been the addition of a completely self-contained emergency system. Safety enhancements through backfitting measures in older nuclear power plants, however, have distinctive disadvantages compared to more modern plants. At Beznau NPP, safety has always priority over economics. (N.T.)

  3. Modernisation of the safety systems of Kozloduy NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 2008 SPE 'Radium' won the international tender for the design, manufacture , supply and implementation of 6 safety control systems for reactors 5 and 6 of Kozloduy NPP. The modernization project is based on the use of software and hardware complexes for safety control systems, developed by specialists from 'Radiy'. This complex is a distributed control system , in which the functions of technological protection locks , automatic control , remote control , alarm are integrated into the hardware of the complex

  4. The enhancement of Ignalina NPP in design and operational safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Enhancement of Ignalina NPP design include: core design improvements; fuel channel integrity (multiple pressure tube rupture); improvements of shutdown systems; improvements of instrumentation and control devices; containment strength and tightness; design basis accident analysis; improvements of safety and support systems; seismic safety enhancement; Year 2000 project; cracks in pipes. Enhancement of operational safety includes: quality assurance; configuration management; safety management and safety culture; emergency operating procedures; training and full scope simulator; in-service inspection; fire protection and ageing monitoring and management

  5. Artificial intelligence and NPP safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main tasks of the software for probabilistic safety analysis, thermal hydraulic analysis and probabilistic risk assessment are discussed. Their combination for direct improvement of NPP operation through information support of the staff is stressed. The general philosophy (in-depth protection) of computerized Emergency Response Guidelines (ERGs) - symptom based (safety parameters) and events-oriented (types of accident) is pointed out. The use of expert systems for proper diagnosing of the accident, its forecasting and finding the way of overcoming it is shown. Mandatory components of the modern management policy in abnormal situations are: the ERGs, the installation of Safety Parameter Display panels, the availability of an safety engineer (superviser); local, regional and national systems for monitoring of the radiation environment within and outside the NPP; local protection centres for maintenance in the case of accident. The importance of verification and validation (V and V) approach and benchmark exercise is stressed. Some peculiarities of the on-going implementation of the computerized information system for radiation control in Kozloduj NPP are discussed. 3 figs, 7 refs

  6. Cernavoda NPP simulator - next generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Demand for extending the amount of training and scope for Cernavoda Unit 1 as well as the new trend in the simulator owners world, led to a change in the Romanian philosophy of simulator specification. Up to now the training was conducted on a Full Scope simulator, a 1:1 replica of Cernavoda Unit 1 reference plant. The present task is to define the simulation facilities and structure capable to meet the requirements for training, qualification and licensing of personnel for both Cernavoda Unit 1 and Unit 2. Obviously, the Cernavoda Unit 2 belongs to the same technological family but has rather different control room layout. Since this target requires a new simulator the costs would be rather high in accordance to the degree of automation of Cernavoda NPP. Therefore, depending on training requirements and financing, the Cernavoda Unit 1 simulator modernization, which also provides an alternative to full scope control room simulator, may be a viable option. Therefore the solution that with discuss for Cernavoda training extension is the migration of Cernavoda Unit 1 simulator to state-of-the-art. Consequently, the Cernavoda Unit 1 simulator modernization task will be organized as project including the following major items: 1. Rehost existing U1 simulation software from VAX 4500 to: - Best commercial multi-processor server for simulation server (HP, O/S Linux); - Best commercial single processor PC for I/O communications (HP, O/S Linux); 2. Replace DCC with enhanced emulated version: Best commercial individual PC for DCC emulation (HP, O/S Windows); Support for actual keyboards; Replacement of RAMTEK System and CONRAC Monitors with X terminals or PC's; 3. Conversion of AutoCAD-based panel graphic pages to RAVE-based; 4. Install the required software tools for developing enhanced simulation modules; 5. Replace the simulation modules with advanced modules; 6. Replace the present Windows Instructor Facilities with ISIS; 7. Development of a selection of MCR-U1 virtual

  7. NPP Krsko full scope simulator verification and qualification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    NPP Krsko (NEK) will, as a part of the Modernization plan, obtain also Krsko Full Scope Simulator (KFSS). Contract has been awarded to CAE Electronics for the design, construction and integration. KFSS will support in real time, the training for the complete range of operation, which can be performed from the main control room and some selected plant areas (remote shutdown panels, etc). Based on the lessons learned on development of NPP Krsko Basic Principle Simulator we decided for active approach. That means that NPP Krsko personnel will be heavily involved into all phases of KFSS development and testing. Since NPP Krsko is going to replace the existing steam generators, raise the nominal power and perform necessary modifications to support the power uprate, it was decided that the development of the KFSS will be conducted in two steps: 1. Development of the models as well as all the hardware interface in the MCR for the existing plant Cycle 15 and then, 2. Models and hardware will be modified, added or replaced as needed to take into account the steam generator replacement and plant uprate projects. In spite of the fact that the simulator will be used for the training of the plant operators for the uprated conditions and with new steam generators, the upper described approach was selected since we want to be sure that the models will at the beginning adequately simulate the existing plant. For the existing conditions we have available reference data for different plant conditions, as well as data for different plant transients. By verifying that simulator will be able adequately simulate the existing conditions the level of confidence for the uprated simulator will be much higher. This is of special importance since it will support initial training for modernized plant conditions. In this paper the plan for verification and qualification of KFSS as well as the amount of the work needed on NPP Krsko side to develop the test acceptance criteria will be presented.(author)

  8. The Influence of Clientsâ Qualities on Green Design Performance of Building Projects in Malaysia-Descriptive Study

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed S. Elforgani; Ismail Rahmat

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: In the construction industry, success of building projects greatly depends on the clientâs performance. The performance of clients is crucial since decisions made will influence the overall project performance. Typically, clients are represented by managerial and technical representatives during the design process. They play major roles in conveying required information to the design team regarding their future project. The quality of clientsâ representatives has potential ...

  9. A Prospective Study on Building Quality: Relationship between Workmanship Quality and Common Building Defects of Low-cost Construction Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Othuman Mydin M.A.; Othman N.A.; Sani N. Md.

    2014-01-01

    This study focuses on the quality of workmanship in the construction of low-cost housing in Kedah and Penang State, Malaysia and its relation to defects occurring in the building. The objectives of this study are to investigate common building defects that mostly occur at low-cost housing due to poor workmanship, the factors that contribute to poor workmanship and to established possible measures to minimize these problems. From the combination of literary reviews and questionnaire surveys, t...

  10. Decommissioning Project of Bohunice A1 NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first (pilot) nuclear power plant A1 in the Slovak Republic, situated on Jaslovske Bohunice site (60 km from Bratislava) with the capacity of 143 MWel, was commissioned in 1972 and was running with interruptions till 1977. A KS 150 reactor (HWGCR) with natural uranium as fuel, D2O as moderator and gaseous CO2 as coolant was installed in the A1 plant. Outlet steam from primary reactor coolant system with the temperature of 410 C was led to 6 modules of steam generators and from there to turbine generators. Refueling was carried out on-line at plant full power. The first serious incident associated with refueling occurred in 1976 when a locking mechanism at a fuel assembly failed. The core was not damaged during that incident and following a reconstruction of the damaged technology channel, the plant continued in operation. However, serious problems were occurring with the integrity of steam generators (CO2 gas on primary side, water and steam on secondary side) when the plant had to be shut down frequently due to failures and subsequent repairs. The second serious accident occurred in 1977 when a fuel assembly was overheated with a subsequent release of D2O into gas cooling circuit due to a human failure in the course of replacement of a fuel assembly. Subsequent rapid increase in humidity of the primary system resulted in damages of fuel elements in the core and the primary system was contaminated by fission products. In-reactor structures had been damaged, too. Activity had penetrated also into certain parts of the secondary system via leaking steam generators. Radiation situation in the course of both events on the plant site and around it had been below the level of limits specified. Based on a technical and economical justification of the demanding character of equipment repairs for the restoration of plant operation, and also due to a decision made not to continue with further construction of gas cooled reactors in Czechoslovakia, a decision was made in 1977 to terminate plant operation. The decision on the A1 plant decommissioning was issued in 1979

  11. New tools of relationship marketing for innovative projects of machine-building enterprises: crowdsourcing and crowdfunding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.B. Kolotova

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is justification of theoretical provisions for determining the nature and use of relationship marketing in innovative projects of machine-building enterprises. The results of the analysis. Today there are a lot of reasonable thoughts on the fundamental principles of relationship marketing concept origin. Generally, in our opinion, relationship marketing is a communication strategy intended to keep existing customers and to attract potential customers and key business partners. The peculiarity of the current development stage of information technologies is the widespread use of the following specific tools for development and commercialization of innovative projects: crowdsourcing and crowdfunding. These tools have already become a widely implemented in world practice and are vivid examples of a new interaction among subjects of innovation activity. Crowdsourcing and crowdfunding are relationship marketing tools by which a reduction of commercial risk innovative products is provided through attracting consumers in the processes of creating, testing, financing and promotion of new products, and so on. These tools use profound social nature of man, the desire to be «trailed» to something new (interesting, fashionable, promising, etc.. Marketing benefits of using crowdsourcing and crowdfunding for innovative projects are: - identifying of consumer preferences in the design stage of a new product; - the possibility to reduce the financial, intellectual and time spent on research, design, marketing research, etc.; - receiving of prior order and (or the advance payment for the projected product; - increasing customer loyalty, obtaining active «promoters», project’s «attorneys» as the clients; - the possibility of renewed interest in existing projects (food; - increasing interest in the innovative project on the part of other market entities (partners, investors, etc. on the basis of existing demand

  12. Ignalina NPP: living and working conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The conference was devoted to discuss the social problems related with the operation of Ignalina NPP. The main topics are the following: analysis of public opinion of surrounding region of Ignalina NPP including neighbouring Daugavpils district in Latvia, environment impact evaluation of Daugavpils district, assessment of the influence of Ignalina NPP operation to the development of business in the region, investigation of problems of Visaginas town - residence of Ignalina NPP personnel. The specificity of Visaginas (former Sniechkus) is defined by the majority of non-native Lithuanians living there. Cultural transformation and political organization of the region were surveyed as well

  13. Metamorphosis of NPP A1, V1, V2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this book the history of construction, commissioning and exploitation of NPP A1, NPP V1 and NPP V2 in Jaslovske Bohunice is presented on documentary photos. Vicinity around of these NPPs is presented, too

  14. Implementation of the EU directive on the energy performance of buildings: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy auditing of buildings and inspection of boilers. Project document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    'Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy auditing of buildings and inspection of boilers' includes major steps in implementing the EU EPB directive in Latvia. The EPB directive includes a number of efforts: 1. A methodology for calculation of the integrated energy performance of buildings 2. Application of minimum requirements on the energy performance for new buildings 3. Application of minimum requirements on the energy performance for larger existing buildings subject to major renovation 4. Energy performance certification (energy labelling) of buildings 5. Regular inspection of boilers and of air-conditioning systems in buildings, and assessment of heating installations in older systems. The present project includes activities connected to point 4 and point 5. The results will include 4 steps in implementing the EU EPB directive: 1) A Latvian training of certified independent energy auditors to be active conducting energy audits and issuing energy performance certificates. Including a handbook in energy auditing. 2) A Latvian training of certified independent experts for inspection of boilers, air-con systems and assessing older heating systems. Including a handbook in boiler inspection. 3) A proposal for the institutional set-up for a connected scheme for energy auditing and a scheme for boiler inspection 4) Initial information on the scheme of energy auditors and of the boiler inspection. (au)

  15. Safety improvement and results of commissioning of Mochovce NPP WWER 440/213

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP is the last one of this kind and compared to its predecessors, it is characterized by several modifications which contribute to the improvement of the safety level. In addition based on Nuclear Regulatory Authority requirements and based on documents: - IAEA - Safety Issues and their ranking for NPP WWER 440/213, - IAEA - Safety Improvement of Mochovce NPP Project Review Mission, - Riskaudit - Evaluation of the Mochovce NPP Safety Improvements. Additional safety measures have been implemented before commissioning. The consortium EUCOM (FRAMATOME - SIEMENS), SKODA Praha, ENERGOPROJEKT Praha, Russian organizations and VUJE Trnava Nuclear Power Plants research institute were selected for design and implementation of the safety measures. The papers summarized, safety requirements, safety measures implemented, results of commissioning and results of safety analysis report evaluation. (author)

  16. Towards Integrated Team Practice: A Case of Malaysian Industrialised Building System (IBS Construction Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Nawi Mohd Nasrun

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Problems associated with fragmentation in the traditional construction process, such as isolation of professionals, lack of co-ordination between design and construction, and the sequential manner of its processes, has impacted on construction performance leading to a lack of integration, wastage, low productivity and efficiency. Integrated team practice is perceived as paramount. Unfortunately, there has a limitation of study focus on the dimension of fully integrated team especially for Malaysian Industrialised Building System (IBS projects. Accordingly, this research paper explores and identifies the dimension of fully integrated team from the traditional approach and conduct a validation process for implementing it in Malaysian IBS projects. The research presented uses interviews case study to obtain qualitative data. It was found that the dimension of fully integrated team from the traditional construction process could apply to the Malaysian IBS projects. Suggestions on how an integrated team practice in IBS design and construction process in order to minimise the fragmentation gaps will be concluded.

  17. Radiation monitoring and free release of materials from V1 NPP decommissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dismantling and decommissioning of nuclear facilities is an important part of the VF, a.s. business activities. VF a.s. is taking part in following important tasks during dismantling and decommissioning activities: - Fragmentation a decontamination; - Radiation monitoring and radiation protection; - Release of materials to the environment. On the 20th July, 2011 V1 NPP was officially shutdown and V1 entered the decommissioning phase. Bohunice International Decommissioning Support Fund (BIDSF) for shutdown of both units of V1 NPP in Jaslovske Bohunice was established. VF is responsible for major tasks being part of the following V1 NPP BIDSF Projects Project group C - Projects related to radioactive waste management. The BIDSF project is described.(author)

  18. ASEAN--USAID Buildings Energy Conservation Project final report. Volume 2, Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F. [eds.

    1992-06-01

    This volume reports on research in the area of energy conservation technology applied to commercial buildings in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region. Unlike Volume I of this series, this volume is a compilation of original technical papers prepared by different authors in the project. In this regard, this volume is much like a technical journal. The papers that follow report on research conducted by both US and ASEAN researchers. The authors representing Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand, come from a range of positions in the energy arena, including government energy agencies, electric utilities, and universities. As such, they account for a wide range of perspectives on energy problems and the role that technology can play in solving them. This volume is about using energy more intelligently. In some cases, the effort is towards the use of more advanced technologies, such as low-emittance coatings on window glass, thermal energy storage, or cogeneration. In others, the emphasis is towards reclaiming traditional techniques for rendering energy services, but in new contexts such as lighting office buildings with natural light, or cooling buildings of all types with natural ventilation. Used in its broadest sense, the term ``technology`` encompasses all of the topics addressed in this volume. Along with the more customary associations of technology, such as advanced materials and equipment and the analysis of their performance, this volume treats design concepts and techniques, analysis of ``secondary`` impacts from applying technologies (i.e., unintended impacts, or impacts on parties not directly involved in the purchase and use of the technology), and the collection of primary data used for conducting technical analyses.

  19. Controlling Beryllium Contaminated Material And Equipment For The Building 9201-5 Legacy Material Disposition Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reynolds, T. D.; Easterling, S. D.

    2010-10-01

    This position paper addresses the management of beryllium contamination on legacy waste. The goal of the beryllium management program is to protect human health and the environment by preventing the release of beryllium through controlling surface contamination. Studies have shown by controlling beryllium surface contamination, potential airborne contamination is reduced or eliminated. Although there are areas in Building 9201-5 that are contaminated with radioactive materials and mercury, only beryllium contamination is addressed in this management plan. The overall goal of this initiative is the compliant packaging and disposal of beryllium waste from the 9201-5 Legacy Material Removal (LMR) Project to ensure that beryllium surface contamination and any potential airborne release of beryllium is controlled to levels as low as practicable in accordance with 10 CFR 850.25.

  20. Removal Action Workplan for the 105-DR and 105-F Building Interim Safe Storage Projects and Ancillary Buildings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is the removal action workplan (RAW) for the 105-DR and 105-F Reactor Buildings and ancillary facilities. These buildings and facilities are located in the 100-D/DR and 100-F Areas of the Hanford Site in Benton County, Washington, which is owned and operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The 100 Areas (including 100-D/DR and 100-F Areas) of the Hanford Site were placed on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) National Priorities List under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation,and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA). DOE has determined that hazardous substances in the 105-DR and 105-F Reactor Buildings and four ancillary facilities present a potential threat to human health or the environment DOE has also determined that a non-time critical removal action is warranted at these facilities

  1. Automated Demand Response Technology Demonstration Project for Small and Medium Commercial Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Page, Janie; Kiliccote, Sila; Dudley, Junqiao Han; Piette, Mary Ann; Chiu, Albert K.; Kellow, Bashar; Koch, Ed; Lipkin, Paul

    2011-07-01

    Small and medium commercial customers in California make up about 20-25% of electric peak load in California. With the roll out of smart meters to this customer group, which enable granular measurement of electricity consumption, the investor-owned utilities will offer dynamic prices as default tariffs by the end of 2011. Pacific Gas and Electric Company, which successfully deployed Automated Demand Response (AutoDR) Programs to its large commercial and industrial customers, started investigating the same infrastructures application to the small and medium commercial customers. This project aims to identify available technologies suitable for automating demand response for small-medium commercial buildings; to validate the extent to which that technology does what it claims to be able to do; and determine the extent to which customers find the technology useful for DR purpose. Ten sites, enabled by eight vendors, participated in at least four test AutoDR events per site in the summer of 2010. The results showed that while existing technology can reliably receive OpenADR signals and translate them into pre-programmed response strategies, it is likely that better levels of load sheds could be obtained than what is reported here if better understanding of the building systems were developed and the DR response strategies had been carefully designed and optimized for each site.

  2. On the Building Information Modeling of Capital Construction Projects Market Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OLGA VLADIMIROVNA BAKHAREVA

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable economic development of the construction industry in Russia is only possible with the application of modern BIM-technologies. The construction enterprises are facing a number of problems during the process of implementing new information technologies the main problems being: the lack of funding for business development under the conditions of protracted financial crisis within 2014-2016 time frame, as well as the lack of a national industry standard of working with BIM-technologies. The step-by-step introduction of BIM- technology in Russia is planned by the Government for the period up to 2018. We offer an economic mechanism of lower production and transaction costs of development as a result of the BIM-technology introduction, taking into account successful experience in the regional economy of the Republic of Tatarstan. In our opinion the practically well-proven mechanism of introduction of innovative technologies in regional economy in public construction companies, constructing infrastructure projects, and private construction firms and approbation in practice and summarizing the lessons learned will enable one to develop building information modeling services market and ensure the sustainable economic development of the construction industry in the region. The improvement of the efficiency and transparency of the building production will create conditions so that they attract domestic and foreign institutional investors which, in turn, will allow a business to implement strategic development program for the prosperity of the economy.

  3. The Ares Project: Building an Exploration Culture from the Inside Up

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Stephan A.

    2008-01-01

    NASA is building its first new human-rated space exploration vehicles in nearly 40 years. This marks an important operational and cultural change from the Space Shuttle. In the wake of the Columbia disaster, the agency and the nation realized that NASA's goals and culture needed to change. The Ares Project, which is building the launch vehicles that will power human beings to the Moon, Mars, and beyond, is taking a page from the Saturn playbook by having NASA lead both the overall integration and the development of the Ares I upper stage. Ares is also creating a new culture of cooperation, openness, and informed risk taking as we set our sights on other worlds. Ares has established a team environment where issues can be discussed, information is shared, fun and teamwork are encouraged, and constructive conflict and accountability are expected. Following a "One NASA" philosophy, Ares is taking steps to strengthen cooperation among space centers, contractor partners, engineering and scientific communities, and headquarters personnel. As we learn lessons from things that went wrong with the Space Shuttle, we are also borrowing best practices from what has gone right with that program and others. All of these cultural elements will be necessary as we take the next steps beyond Earth orbit.

  4. Network scheduling at Belene NPP construction site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Four types of schedules differing in the level of their detail are singled out to enhance the efficiency of Belene NPP Project implementation planning and monitoring: Level 1 Schedule–Summary Integrated Overall Time Schedule (SIOTS) is an appendix to EPC Contract. The main purpose of SIOTS is the large scale presentation of the current information on the Project implementation. Level 2 Schedule–Integrated Overall Time Schedule (IOTS)is the contract schedule for the Contractor (ASE JSC) and their subcontractors.The principal purpose of IOTS is the work progress planning and monitoring, the analysis of the effect of activities implementation upon the progress of the Project as a whole. IOTS is the reporting schedule at the Employer –Contractor level. Level 3 Schedules, Detail Time Schedules(DTS) are developed by those who actually perform the work and are agreed upon with Atomstroyexport JSC.The main purpose of DTS is the detail planning of Atomstroyexport subcontractor's activities. DTSare the reporting schedules at the level of Contractor-Subcontractor. Level 4 Schedules are the High Detail Time Schedules (HDTS), which are the day-to-day plans of work implementation and are developed, as a rule, for a week's time period.Each lower level time schedule details the activities of the higher level time schedule

  5. Overview of Remote Handling Equipment Used for the NPP A1 Decommissioning - 12141

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first Czechoslovak NPP A1 was in operation from 1972 to 1977 and it was finally shutdown due to an accident (level 4 according to the INES). The presence of radioactive, toxic or hazardous materials limits personnel access to facilities and therefore it is necessary to use remote handling technologies for some most difficult characterization, retrieval, decontamination and dismantling tasks. The history of remote handling technologies utilization started in nineties when the spent nuclear fuel, including those fuel assemblies damaged during the accident, was prepared for the transport to Russia. Subsequent significant development of remote handling equipment continued during implementation of the NPP A1 decommissioning project - Stage I and ongoing Stage II. Company VUJE, Inc. is the general contractor for both mentioned stages of the decommissioning project. Various remote handling manipulators and robotics arms were developed and used. It includes remotely controlled vehicle manipulator MT-15 used for characterisation tasks in hostile and radioactive environment, special robust manipulator DENAR-41 used for the decontamination of underground storage tanks and multi-purposes robotics arms MT-80 and MT-80A developed for variety of decontamination and dismantling tasks. The heavy water evaporator facility dismantling is the current task performed remotely by robotics arm MT-80. The heavy water evaporator is located inside the main production building in the room No. 220 where loose surface contamination varies from 10 Bq/cm2 to 1x103 Bq/cm2, dose rate is up to 1.5 mGy/h and the feeding pipeline contained liquid RAW with high tritium content. Presented manipulators have been designed for broad range of decommissioning tasks. They are used for recognition, sampling, waste retrieval from large underground tanks, decontamination and dismantling of technological equipments. Each of the mentioned fields claims specific requirements on design of manipulator, their

  6. Robot dispatching Scenario for Accident Condition Monitoring of NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In March of 2011, unanticipated big size of tsunami attacks Fukushima NPP, this accident results in explosion of containment building. Tokyo electric power of Japan couldn't dispatch a robot for monitoring of containment inside. USA Packbot robot used for desert war in Iraq was supplied to Fukushima NPP for monitoring of high radiation area. Packbot also couldn't reach deep inside of Fukushima NPP due to short length of power cable. Japanese robot 'Queens' also failed to complete a mission due to communication problem between robot and operator. I think major reason of these robot failures is absence of robot dispatching scenario. If there was a scenario and a rehearsal for monitoring during or after accident, these unanticipated obstacles could be overcome. Robot dispatching scenario studied for accident of nuclear power plant was described herein. Study on scenario of robot dispatching is performed. Flying robot is regarded as good choice for accident monitoring. Walking robot with arm equipped is good for emergency valve close. Short time work and shift work by several robots can be a solution for high radiation area. Thin and soft cable with rolling reel can be a good solution for long time work and good communication

  7. Qinshan 300Mwe NPP full scope simulator upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On April 28,2004, RINPO was awarded the project for Qinshan 300Mwe NPP full scope simulator upgrade, the SAT (site acceptance test) was completed on June 30 2005 and the simulator put into operator training again. Scope of upgrade includes: computer system (DGI server and workstations) all replaced by microcomputers; G2 I/O controllers all replaced by RTP EIOBC; Unix-based simulation support environment replaced by RINPO's PC-based simulation environment RINSIMTM, Instructor software replaced by RINPO's PC-based instructor software with function and diagram redesigned; DEH, Feed-water control and some other digital control systems redeveloped to follow NPP modifications; desk-top simulator with soft panel control room developed as byproduct; most of the models not changed but it is planned the reactor core and PPC model will be upgraded in near future. SAT of upgrade demonstrates that the performance of the simulator much improved after the upgrade. (author)

  8. Modernization of sump filters design on ROVNO NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taking into account the major importance to solve sump plugging in case of primary break, modernization of sump filters design on ROVNO NPP has been engaged. This action has been realized using a > approach, which had been proposed by the Commission of the European Community (CEC) in 1998, with the purpose of effectiveness increase of activities under realization of TACIS program projects. This paper gives a short summary of the different actions performed by the Technical Support Organization (IRSN, France), the State Scientific and Technical Center for Nuclear and Radiation Safety (SSTC NRS, Ukraine), the State Nuclear Regulatory Committee of Ukraine (SNRCU), the ROVNO NPP, assisted by EDF and the designer (FORTUM and FRAMATOME). (authors)

  9. Performance of the NPP CrIS Sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emch, P. G.; Farrow, S. V.; Gu, D.; Wang, C.; Hagan, D. E.; Sabet-Peyman, F.

    2009-12-01

    This paper discusses the performance of the first Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) flight instrument and its data product performance. Together with ATMS, the CrIS sensor is a critical payload for National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) providing temperature and moisture profiles, and will first fly on the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) mission, the risk reduction flight for NPOESS. NPOESS is the next generation weather and climate monitoring system for the Department of Defense and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), being developed under contract by Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems. The NPP flight sensor has recently completed thermal vacuum, electro-magnetic interference, and vibration testing. By the time of the presentation, the sensor sell-off is expected to have been completed as well. An overview of the sensor, the FM1 measurement performance, and details of the retrieval algorithms will be provided in this presentation.

  10. Technical support to the social cost study of Ignalina NPP decommissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Description of Phare project on assessment of social cost related with decommissioning of unit 1 of Ignalina NPP is presented. This is the first project of social guarantees in Visaginas financed by European Commission Project will develop pilot studies aimed at encouraging small and medium size business in Visaginas, creating new jobs, employment of young people. The project will also consult about the activities of the said projects, inform the community about the things being done to mitigate social impact

  11. Emergency preparedness at Barsebaeck NPP in Sweden

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On-site emergency preparedness plan at Barsebaeck NPP is presented. In an emergency the responsibility of the NPP is to alarm the emergency organizations, spend all efforts to restore safe operation, assess the potential source term as to size and time, protect their own personnel, inform personnel and public. Detailed emergency procedures overview is provided

  12. Chernobyl NPP accident. Overcoming experience. Acquired lessons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book is devoted to the 20 anniversary of accident on the Chernobyl NPP unit 4. History of construction, causes of the accident and its consequences, actions for its mitigation are described. Modern situation with Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and transferring of 'Ukryttya' shelter into ecologically safe system are mentioned. The future of Chernobyl site and exclusion zone was discussed

  13. Safety culture in Ignalina NPP, regulatory view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presentation describes how success on the way to a high level Safety Culture in Ignalina NPP may be achieved by daily, well motivated activities with good attitude and proper management participation, ensuring the development and proper implementation of Safety Culture principles within the activities of Operational organization of Ignalina NPP

  14. Psychological methods as applied to NPP personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Psychologists' experience in nuclear power personnel work system is described. Possibilities of practical application of scientific information, ways and methods collected in psychology, their effect when solving problems on profession orientation, personnel selection, arrangement, training and education, are shown. Necessity to take into account personnel psychological data under conditions of increased hazard of work at NPP is illustrated taking Chernobyl NPP as an example

  15. Design project SP-RA, Construction specifications of the sanitary corridor - SP building

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to the design task the sanitary corridor satisfies the needs of both RA reactor and HL (Hot laboratory) buildings. This building is located between RA and HL buildings and is connected to both by corridors 3,3 m wide. The access to the building id from the south, i.e. from the local road in the Vinca Institute

  16. Forms and Levels of Integration: Evaluation of an Interdisciplinary Team-Building Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Armstrong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Team science models are frequently promoted as the best way to study complex societal and environmental problems. Despite increasing popularity, there is relatively little research on the processes and mechanisms that facilitate the emergence of integration of interdisciplinary teams. This article evaluates a suite of recent team-building and grant-writing activities designed to address water management in the Western U.S. We use qualitative methods to document the emergence of integrative capacity at the individual, group, and institutional levels, with particular attention to the role of graduate students and non-academic practitioners in a team science planning project. Our findings highlight the importance of social integration as a basis for conceptual integration and an ability to relate these concepts to real-world problems. The findings also demonstrate the value of qualitative evaluation measures of team readiness, capacity, and intellectual outputs to complement conventional evaluation indicators that rely on quantitative scientific outputs, particularly for team science projects still in the planning stages.

  17. Supporting Teachers to Automatically Build Accessible Pedagogical Resources: The APEINTA Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iglesias, Ana; Moreno, Lourdes; Jiménez, Javier

    Most of the universities in Europe have started their process of adaptation towards a common educational space according to the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). The social dimension of the Bologna Process is a constituent part of the EHEA and it is a necessary condition for the attractiveness and competitiveness of the EHEA. Two of the main features of the social dimension are the equal access for all the students and the lifelong learning. One of the main problems of the adaptation process to the EHEA is that the teachers have no previous references and models to develop new pedagogical experiences accessible to all the students, nevertheless of their abilities, capabilities or accessibility characteristics. The APEINTA project presented in this paper can be used as a helpful tool for teachers in order to cope with the teaching demands of EHEA, helping the teachers to automatically build accessible pedagogical resources even when the teachers are not accessibility experts. This educational project has been successfully used in 2009 in two different degrees at the Carlos III University of Madrid: Computer Science and Library and Information Science.

  18. Crack resistance increasing in epoxide-rubber coatings of NPP room floors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Problems of crack resistance increasing in epoxide-rubber coatings for the floors are considered. Exploitation experience of the floors in the special rooms of NPP is given. Perspectivity of application of the compositions described as the building materials for nuclear power stations is pointed out

  19. Annual activity report of Ignalina NPP Safety Analysis Group for 1994 year

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main results of Ignalina NPP Safety Analysis Group (ISAG) investigations for 1994 are presented. ISAG is concentrated its research activities into 3 areas: the neutrons dynamics modeling, simulation of transient processes during loss of coolant accident and calculation of reactor building structure's streses and other mechanical properties in the case of accident. 6 refs., 13 tabs., 69 figs

  20. Review of revised Japanese seismic guidelines for NPP design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From new knowledge in recently aseismic design studies, some of the conventional design methods we understood to be conservative, and review for guideline of private sector and preparation for by-laws of administrative office thereby have been promoted since 1984. This paper presents the state-of-arts and trends of current aseismic design methods and the guideline and the by-laws thereof for Japanese NPP, including items on determination of the design basis earthquake, investigation of ground condition and seismic stability, treatment of soil-structure interaction, limitation for uplift of building basement, evaluation of non-linear characteristics and response, and provision of design basis damping. (orig.)

  1. IAEA activities on safety aspects of NPP ageing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review of IAEA activities concerned with safety aspects of nuclear power plants ageing is given for the period from 1995 to 1998 with the prospects till year 2000. Coordinated Research programs were conducted on Management Ageing of Concrete Containment Buildings; Management of Ageing of In-Containment I and C cables. TECDOCs were published on Assessment and Management of Ageing of Major NPP Components Important for Safety of CANDU, PWR and BWR NPPs. Technical Committee Meetings and Interregional training courses concerned with the same subjects were held

  2. Safety improvement programme of Ignalina NPP SIP-2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The second large scale safety upgrading programme of Ignalina NPP - SIP-2 which currently is under implementation is described. Based on recommendation made in safety analysis report (SAR), its review (RSR) and recommendations from Ignalina Safety Panel (ISP) programme consists of 158 items and is divided into three parts: modification of systems and equipment, improvement of management and quality assurance system and additional safety analysis. Programme was started in 1997. Some of the projects have to be implemented before licensing of unit No.1 will be finished. Description of the most important and urgent projects is provided

  3. Removal Action Work Plan for 105-DR and 105-F Building Interim Safe Storage Projects and Ancillary Buildings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document contains the removal action work plan for the 105-DR and 105-F Reactor buildings and ancillary facilities. These buildings and facilities are located in the 100-D/DR and 100-F Areas of the Hanford Site, which is owned and operated by the US Department of Energy (DOE), in Benton County, Washington. The 100 Areas (including the 100-D/DR and 100-F Areas) of the Hanford Site were placed on the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) National Priorities List under the ''Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980'' (CERCLA). The DOE has determined that hazardous substances in the 105-DR and 105-F Reactor buildings and four ancillary facilities present a potential threat to human health or the environment. The DOE has also determined that a non-time critical removal action is warranted at these facilities. Alternatives for conducting a non-time critical removal action were evaluated in the ''Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analysis for the 105-DR and 105-F Reactor Facilities and Ancillary Facilities'' (DOE-RL 1998a). The engineering evaluation/cost analysis (EE/CA) resulted in the recommendation to decontaminate and demolish the contaminated reactor buildings (except for the reactor blocks) and the ancillary facilities and to construct a safe storage enclosure (SSE) over the reactor blocks. The recommendation was approved in an action memorandum (Ecology et al. 1998) signed by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology), EPA, and DOE. The DOE is the agency responsible for implementing the removal actions in the 105-D/DR and 105-F Areas. Ecology is the lead regulatory agency for facilities in the 100-D/DR Area, and EPA is the lead regulatory agency for facilities in the 100-F Area. The term ''lead regulator agency'' hereinafter, refers to these authorities. This removal action work plan supports implementation of the non-time critical removal action

  4. Safety culture at Ignalina NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In accordance with Article 27 of the Law on Nuclear Energy of the Republic of Lithuania, the organization operating the nuclear power facility must ensure adequate safety culture. Safety culture comprises specific features and characteristics of the organisation's activities as well as human behavior ensuring that the issues of a nuclear power facility's safety will be given attention consistent with their importance. To ensure adequate level of safety culture, Ignalina NPP has been following IAEA recommendations. The INPP draws up and implements plans of safety culture assurance every year. The Director General meets with IAEA personnel on a regular basis and discusses issues that hold most interest for them. In 2005, INPP management reviewed and approved on September 30 the new policy of safety and quality assurance. The document differs from the policy approved in 1995 in that priorities are set for INPP decommissioning. It is emphasized that INPP Unit 2 operation must be terminated in the most efficient and safest manner, with adequate social security of the personnel assured and effective management system of the facility maintained. The work commenced in 2004 at the Ignalina NPP on identification and application of safety culture indicators was continued in 2005. (author)

  5. Operating Experience at NPP Krsko

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Systematic analysis of operational experience by assessment of internal and industry events and the feedback of lessons learned is one of the essential activities in the improvement of the operational safety and reliability of the nuclear power plant. At NPP Krsko we have developed a document called ''Operating Experience Assessment Program''. Its purpose is to establish administrative guidance for the processing of operating events including on-site and industry events. Assessment of internal events is based on the following methods: Event and Causal Factor Charting, Change Analysis, Barrier Analysis, MORT (Management Oversight and Risk Tree Analysis) and Human Performance Evaluation. The operating experience group has developed a sophisticated program entitled ''Operating experience tracking system'' (OETS) in response to the need for a more efficient way of processing internal and industry operating experience information. The Operating Experience Tracking System is used to initiate and track operational events including recommended actions follow up. Six screens of the system contain diverse essential information which allows tracking of operational events and enables different kinds of browsing. OETS is a part of the NPP Krsko nuclear network system and can be easily accessed by all plant personnel. (author)

  6. Seismic risk at NPP Cernavoda

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents a brief description of the probabilistic analysis method employed to analyze a nuclear power plant (NPP) state during seismic events. For evaluating the seismic hazard at NPP Cernavoda, deterministic judgment are employed for determining the focus position, the attenuation of the seismic intensity and the local effects. The authors have designed a support device which can operate in damping regimes or as a snubber having also the function of non-linear elastic support with a progressive characteristic for permanent loads. This support can take over very great static and dynamics loads. The support and damping devices are hydro-pneumatic systems which completely eliminate the gaskets. The non-linear elastic supporting force is provided by compressing a volume of gas and the damping force is provided by a liquid flowing through a system of calibrated nozzles covered on one side or the other by a set of elastic blades of an imposed stiffness. The sizes and weight of the devices are under the ones of the current devices and they provide higher reliability. (Author)

  7. The Tokai NPP decommissioning technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tokai power station was closed down in March 1998 and started decommissioning from December 2001 as a pioneer of NPP decommissioning. This article presented current state of Tokai NPP decommissioning technique. As the second stage of decommissioning works, removal works of steam raising unit (four units of heat exchangers) were started from 2006 by jacking down method with decommissioning data accumulated. Each heat exchanger was divided into top head, seven 'tears' of shell and bottom head. Each 'tear' was out and separated into a cylinder, and then divided into two by remote-operated cutting equipment with manipulators for gas cutting and motor disk cutting under monitoring works by fixed and mobile cameras. Divided 'tear' was further cut into center baffle plate, heat transfer tubes and fine pieces of shell. Cutting works would produce radioactive fine particles, which were filtered by temporary ventilation equipment with exhaust fan and filters. Appropriate works using existing technique combined and their rationalization were important at this stage. (T. Tanaka)

  8. Safe decommissioning of units 1 and 2 of Kozloduy NPP: selection of safe enclosure time period

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The time period foreseen for Safe Enclosure is internationally varying from 30 years to 100 years. A SE period of about 70 years was considered for Kozloduy NPP, prior to start the development of 'Technical Design for the Decommissioning of Kozloduy Units 1 and 2' and detailed assessment of all factors which have influence on the SE duration. This paper shows that, on the basis of the analysis performed in the project, for safety, technological and economical reasons it is possible to reduce Kozloduy NPP SE time to 35 years. The following factors have been analysed: The radioactive decay: the surface and mass contamination acceptance criteria enabling to achieve the European Community requirements for free release level remain practically constant for a SE period .35 years. There is thus no benefit in term of decontamination factor reduction, to extend the SE period beyond 35 years. Similarly 35 years after the reactor final shut down, the . dose rate of the primary circuit will drop below 3 μSv/h and will become then negligible. From the health physics and decommissioning standpoints, there is no benefit in extending the SE period beyond 35 years. Costs and investments: After the reactor final shutdown and during the SE, some systems and equipment will remain in operation to ensure the safe conditions of the nuclear buildings: ventilation, radiation monitoring, fire protection etc. The costs associated to the maintenance and repair and in some cases to the replacement of these equipment as well as the surveillance costs will be reduced. Similarly, the costs associated to the maintenance and repair of the civil engineering structures, including their structural integrity and confining capabilities will also be reduced. The duration of SE time is also bounded to the possibilities to raise the needed funds for the decommissioning

  9. Ecological aspects of creation of the Belarusian NPP on the Ostrovetsky site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To have a control over the environment conditions and NPP operating safety the databases of industrial plants, characteristics agricultural factories, population distribution and composition, etc have been created. By calculation on the basis of information databases the additional elements of a site digital map content are formed. The visualization of calculated characteristics on a digital map will considerably reduce definition time of trouble ratio for especial object. The information of the databases developed will be used at siting of building industry objects for NPP construction. (authors).

  10. Final report of the decontamination and decommissioning of Building 1 at the Grand Junction Projects Office Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore and mill tailings during uranium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District and during pilot milling experiments conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission's domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJPO Remedial Action Project to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and the underlying aquifer. The site contractor for the facility, Rust Geotech, also is the remedial action contractor. Building 1 was found to be radiologically contaminated and was demolished in 1996. The soil beneath and adjacent to the building was remediated in accordance with identified standards and can be released for unlimited exposure and unrestricted use. This document was prepared in response to a DOE request for an individual final report for each contaminated GJPO building

  11. Development and Economy in Educational Building in Greece, Portugal, Spain, Turkey and Yugoslavia. Report on OECD Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oddie, Guy; McDowall, David

    Five Mediterranean countries conducted a 2-year survey of their school building projects to find solutions to the financial, functional, technological, and administrative problems that had arisen in the course of expanding national educational services. This resulting report provides only general recommendations inasmuch as the individual cultural…

  12. National Program for Solar Heating and Cooling of Buildings. Project Date Summaries. Vol. I: Commercial and Residential Demonstrations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Energy Research and Development Administration, Washington, DC. Div. of Solar Energy.

    Three volumes present brief abstracts of projects funded by the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) and conducted under the National Program for Solar Heating and Cooling of Buildings through July 1976. The overall federal program includes demonstrations of heating and/or combined cooling for residential and commercial buildings…

  13. Decontamination and dismantlement of the building 594 waste ion exchange facility at Argonne National Laboratory-East project final report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiese, E. C.

    1998-11-23

    The Building 594 D&D Project was directed toward the following goals: Removal of any radioactive and hazardous materials associated with the Waste Ion Exchange Facility; Decontamination of the Waste Ion Exchange Facility to unrestricted use levels; Demolition of Building 594; and Documentation of all project activities affecting quality (i.e., waste packaging, instrument calibration, audit results, and personnel exposure) These goals had been set in order to eliminate the radiological and hazardous safety concerns inherent in the Waste Ion Exchange Facility and to allow, upon completion of the project, unescorted and unmonitored access to the area. The ion exchange system and the resin contained in the system were the primary areas of concern, while the condition of the building which housed the system was of secondary concern. ANL-E health physics technicians characterized the Building 594 Waste Ion Exchange Facility in September 1996. The characterization identified a total of three radionuclides present in the Waste Ion Exchange Facility with a total activity of less than 5 {micro}Ci (175 kBq). The radionuclides of concern were Co{sup 60}, Cs{sup 137}, and Am{sup 241}. The highest dose rates observed during the project were associated with the resin in the exchange vessels. DOE Order 5480.2A establishes the maximum whole body exposure for occupational workers at 5 rem (50 mSv)/yr; the administrative limit at ANL-E is 1 rem/yr (10 mSv/yr).

  14. Building up a citizen-based project of renewable energies. Energy transition by local actors: stakes and modalities - Recommendation guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This guide first presents the energy and social context which could lead to citizen-based projects, presents some European examples and identifies some French limitations, and defines a citizen-based project. The second part proposes an overview of such a project and its various steps, and outlines the importance of some basic actions: to build up a pilot group and to define the project, to choose the right moment and to retain control of the project, to communicate and to mobilise. The next part presents the project methodology: elaboration of specification, establishment of partnership, definition of a business model, choice of a legal status. The last part addresses how to mobilise local and citizen funding: own funds and bank loan, participation of citizen and local communities

  15. The present status of the Tokai NPP decommissioning and its future issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The decommissioning of the first Japanese commercial nuclear power plant, the Tokai NPP, started in December 2001. The Japan Atomic Power Company is going forward with this project, which will serve as a pioneer for future development of decommissioning work at similar commercial NPPs. The ongoing decommissioning work at Tokai, will enable us to accumulate important experience and knowledge in this field. This paper describes the present status of the Tokai NPP decommissioning project and its future issues after the Great East Japan Earthquake Disasters. (author)

  16. Seismic soil-structure-equipment interaction analysis of unit 5/6, Kozloduy NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research project is aimed to analyse problems of soil-structure-equipment interaction under seismic excitation in case of Kozloduy NPP. Reevaluation and upgrading of Kozloduy NPP has started after 1977 Vrancea earthquake. New Safe Shutdown Earthquake (SSE) level was defined, upgrading most of structural equipment was performed, seismic instrumentation was installed. New investigations were initiated after 1990 IAEA mission visited the site. A comprehensive site confirmation project was started with a subsequent structural and equipment reevaluation and upgrading. This work deals with Units 5 and 6 of WWER-1000 type only

  17. Learning from the Building: Direct Sources for the Preservation Project. The Experience of Besozzo's Town Hall (Varese, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna Bortolotto

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The Town Hall of Besozzo (Varese, Italy is located in the city centre of the village and its first construction phase is dated back to the XIV-XV century. It shows a complex palimpsest which is the result of the numerous transformations occurred during its life: enlargements, super elevations, demolitions, inner spaces subdivisions and use changes. Currently a project has been issued for the reuse of the building which assigns new spaces for the town offices to the northern wing recently acquired. The aim of the research was to provide a diagnostic insight, useful for the development of the conservation project which will necessarily take into account the multitude of values registered on the building. Owing to a lack of meaningful archival documentation, the elevation’s stratigraphic reading and the methods for dating historical buildings proved to be an invaluable resource for the comprehension of the building’s transformations. Cross-referencing readings of indirect sources carried on the building with the results of the in-depth analysis made it possible to rebuild the growth of the structure from its origin to the present days. Such analysis includes: geometric survey, photographic rectifications of facade and inner sections, non-destructive diagnostic investigations, bricks, mortar and plaster chemical-physical analysis, mensiochronology, study of the building techniques and chronotypology which is a stylistic analysis performed both on the constructive (apertures and decorative (shelves, graffiti, colourings traces architectural elements. Blending the results of these dating techniques produced the complexity of the stratigraphic reading which has been conveyed with adequate hatching on the rectified images (U.S. – Stratigraphic Unity while schematic 3D reconstructions exemplify the chronological sequence of the building activities. Individuation and comprehension of the building constructive phases made also possible to understand

  18. NPP financial and regulatory risks-Importance of a balanced and comprehensive nuclear law for a newcomer country considering nuclear power programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nature of Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) projects are: long duration (10-15 years for new build), high capital investment, reasonable risks and highly regulated industries to meet national and international requirement on Safety, Security, Safeguards (3S) and Liabilities. It requires long term planning and commitment from siting to final disposal of waste/spent fuel. Potential financial and regulatory risks are common in massive NPP projects and will be magnified in the case of using unproven technology. If the risks are not properly managed, it can lead to high project and operation costs, and, fail to fulfil its objectives to provide compatible electricity prices and. energy security. To ensure successful, the government and investors need to ensure that the NPP project is bankable with low cost of project and funding, have fair treatment and proper risk mitigation, and able to complete on time with no cost overrun. One of the requirements as prerequisite for the development of NPP as stipulated by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is the establishment of a Legal and Regulatory Framework. The main objective of nuclear law is to ensure that the activities and projects carried-out in the country are legal and compliant to national and international requirements. The law should also be able to provide fair treatment of risks on its activities that is acceptable to investors. The challenge for a newcomer country is to develop a balanced and comprehensive national nuclear law that meet these objectives while taking into consideration various stakeholders’ interest without compromising on safety, security, safeguard, liability requirements and other international obligations. This paper highlights the nature of NPP projects, its potential and associated financial and regulatory risks, and its major concerns and challenges. It proposes possible risks treatment and mitigation through the formulation of a balanced and comprehensive legislation by clear

  19. NPP financial and regulatory risks-Importance of a balanced and comprehensive nuclear law for a newcomer country considering nuclear power programme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manan, J. A. N. Abd, E-mail: jamalan@tnb.com.my; Mostafa, N. A.; Salim, M. F. [Nuclear Energy Department, Planning Division, Tenaga Nasional Berhad Level 32, Dua Sentral, No. 8 Jalan Tun Sambanthan, 50470 Brickfields, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

    2015-04-29

    The nature of Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) projects are: long duration (10-15 years for new build), high capital investment, reasonable risks and highly regulated industries to meet national and international requirement on Safety, Security, Safeguards (3S) and Liabilities. It requires long term planning and commitment from siting to final disposal of waste/spent fuel. Potential financial and regulatory risks are common in massive NPP projects and will be magnified in the case of using unproven technology. If the risks are not properly managed, it can lead to high project and operation costs, and, fail to fulfil its objectives to provide compatible electricity prices and. energy security. To ensure successful, the government and investors need to ensure that the NPP project is bankable with low cost of project and funding, have fair treatment and proper risk mitigation, and able to complete on time with no cost overrun. One of the requirements as prerequisite for the development of NPP as stipulated by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is the establishment of a Legal and Regulatory Framework. The main objective of nuclear law is to ensure that the activities and projects carried-out in the country are legal and compliant to national and international requirements. The law should also be able to provide fair treatment of risks on its activities that is acceptable to investors. The challenge for a newcomer country is to develop a balanced and comprehensive national nuclear law that meet these objectives while taking into consideration various stakeholders’ interest without compromising on safety, security, safeguard, liability requirements and other international obligations. This paper highlights the nature of NPP projects, its potential and associated financial and regulatory risks, and its major concerns and challenges. It proposes possible risks treatment and mitigation through the formulation of a balanced and comprehensive legislation by clear

  20. NPP financial and regulatory risks-Importance of a balanced and comprehensive nuclear law for a newcomer country considering nuclear power programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manan, J. A. N. Abd; Mostafa, N. A.; Salim, M. F.

    2015-04-01

    The nature of Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) projects are: long duration (10-15 years for new build), high capital investment, reasonable risks and highly regulated industries to meet national & international requirement on Safety, Security, Safeguards (3S) and Liabilities. It requires long term planning and commitment from siting to final disposal of waste/spent fuel. Potential financial and regulatory risks are common in massive NPP projects and will be magnified in the case of using unproven technology. If the risks are not properly managed, it can lead to high project and operation costs, and, fail to fulfil its objectives to provide compatible electricity prices and. energy security. To ensure successful, the government and investors need to ensure that the NPP project is bankable with low cost of project and funding, have fair treatment and proper risk mitigation, and able to complete on time with no cost overrun. One of the requirements as prerequisite for the development of NPP as stipulated by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is the establishment of a Legal and Regulatory Framework. The main objective of nuclear law is to ensure that the activities and projects carried-out in the country are legal and compliant to national and international requirements. The law should also be able to provide fair treatment of risks on its activities that is acceptable to investors. The challenge for a newcomer country is to develop a balanced and comprehensive national nuclear law that meet these objectives while taking into consideration various stakeholders' interest without compromising on safety, security, safeguard, liability requirements and other international obligations. This paper highlights the nature of NPP projects, its potential and associated financial and regulatory risks, and its major concerns and challenges. It proposes possible risks treatment and mitigation through the formulation of a balanced and comprehensive legislation by clear

  1. Radioecological problems of NPP reservoirs-coolers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioecological problems of NPP reservoir-coolers are considered in connection with thermal effluents and partly radiactive wastes. It is shown that one of real means to reduce undesirable ecological consequences of surplus heat release into the medium is the usage of NPP heated waters in energy-biological and agro-industrial complexes. In case of NPP operation the normalized environmental disposal of a number of radionuclides is specified. In this connection the necessity is pointed out to establish a list of the most dangerous radionuclides to be discharged into water medium by various NPP types, to study their behaviour in main water reservoir components; to determine coefficients of radionuclides accumulation in organisms related to human food chain. Actual is the problem of biological effects which can arise in hydrocenoses of reservoir-coolers as a result of long-term or chronic action of NPP radioactive waste disposal. A wide program of ecological investigations is laid down related to the problem of using NPP water thermal effluents and radioecology of reservoirs-coolers, the realization of the program being initiated in the vicinity of the Beloyarsk NPP

  2. Modernization and power upgrading of the Loviisa NPP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keskinen, A. [IVO Power Engineering Ltd., Vantaa (Finland)

    1997-12-31

    In 1995, Imatran Voima Oy (IVO) started a project for modernization and power upgrading of the Loviisa NPP. The main objectives of the project are to ensure plant safety, to increase electricity production and to improve the expertise of the IVO staff. The total electricity output of Loviisa 1 and 2 units is planned to be increased by about 100 MW. This will be achieved through renovation of the steam turbines and through gradual increase in the thermal reactor power up to 1,500 MW from the present level of 1,375 MW. The Loviisa NPP Final Safety Analysis Report has been revised to a great extent in connection with the licensing process of the reactor power upgrading. The project also includes certain improvements in the primary and safety systems to ensure plant safety. The total cost estimate of the project is around 200 million FIM. The project implementation started in 1995 and in accordance with the plans in 2000 after several phases the last measures at power plant will be completed. (orig.). 4 refs.

  3. A Cloud-Based Infrastructure for Near-Real-Time Processing and Dissemination of NPP Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, J. D.; Valente, E. G.; Chettri, S. S.

    2011-12-01

    We are building a scalable cloud-based infrastructure for generating and disseminating near-real-time data products from a variety of geospatial and meteorological data sources, including the new National Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) Preparatory Project (NPP). Our approach relies on linking Direct Broadcast and other data streams to a suite of scientific algorithms coordinated by NASA's International Polar-Orbiter Processing Package (IPOPP). The resulting data products are directly accessible to a wide variety of end-user applications, via industry-standard protocols such as OGC Web Services, Unidata Local Data Manager, or OPeNDAP, using open source software components. The processing chain employs on-demand computing resources from Amazon.com's Elastic Compute Cloud and NASA's Nebula cloud services. Our current prototype targets short-term weather forecasting, in collaboration with NASA's Short-term Prediction Research and Transition (SPoRT) program and the National Weather Service. Direct Broadcast is especially crucial for NPP, whose current ground segment is unlikely to deliver data quickly enough for short-term weather forecasters and other near-real-time users. Direct Broadcast also allows full local control over data handling, from the receiving antenna to end-user applications: this provides opportunities to streamline processes for data ingest, processing, and dissemination, and thus to make interpreted data products (Environmental Data Records) available to practitioners within minutes of data capture at the sensor. Cloud computing lets us grow and shrink computing resources to meet large and rapid fluctuations in data availability (twice daily for polar orbiters) - and similarly large fluctuations in demand from our target (near-real-time) users. This offers a compelling business case for cloud computing: the processing or dissemination systems can grow arbitrarily large to sustain near-real time data access despite surges in

  4. Energy Efficiency Pilot Projects in Jaipur: Testing the Energy Conservation Building Code

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Evans, Meredydd; Mathur, Jyotirmay; Yu, Sha

    2014-03-26

    The Malaviya National Institute of Technology (MNIT) in Jaipur, India is constructing two new buildings on its campus that allow it to test implementation of the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC), which Rajasthan made mandatory in 2011. PNNL has been working with MNIT to document progress on ECBC implementation in these buildings.

  5. Students education and training for Slovak NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    elaboration of diploma thesis. In addition to regular academic education we perform post-gradual courses: 'Safety aspects of NPP operation'. The main goal is to increase safety culture of NPP operation and target groups are operation staff of NPP, NRA officers, nuclear safety specialists - all graduated from technical universities with at least two years practice in nuclear industry. On international level we organised the 4 weeks 'IAEA Regional Training Course on Safety, Management and Utilization of Research Reactors' which was held in Bratislava (Slovakia) and Vienna (Austria) during March 05-30th 2001. IAEA in co-operation with the Department of Nuclear Physics and Technology of the Slovak University of Technology and the Atominstitut of Austrian Universities Vienna prepared and realized this training course with the aim to train junior staff from research reactors in various aspects of safety, management and utilization of research reactors. All participants had to have at least 4 years experiences in operation, management, utilization or regulation of research reactors. Lectures covered the topics in nuclear design and operation, neutron physics, reactor physics, health physics, dosimetry, reactor instrumentation, fuel management decontamination procedures, preparation of experiments at research reactors and others. Beside theoretical part of the course, the practical exercises at TRIGA II reactor in Vienna constituted an important part of training. The course was held in English for participants from 6 countries (Slovakia, Russia, Romania, Hungary, Ukraine, Turkey) and thank support of IAEA was fully provided with textbooks and laboratory guides. This year we take part via students and 2 professors the second run of the Eugene Wiegner course establishing in frame of ENEN project. According to international experiences obtained during the last 3 years, we created The Slovak Nuclear Education Network (SNEN) which is supervised at our Department. Coordination of nuclear

  6. ESTE EMO and ESTE EBO - emergency response system for NPP Mochovce and NPP Bohunice V-2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Programs ESTE EMO and ESTE EBO are emergency response systems that help the crisis staff of the NPP in assessing the source term (predicted possible release of radionuclides to the atmosphere ), in assessing the urgent protective measures and sectors under threat, in assessing real release (symptoms of release really detected and observed), in calculating radiological impacts of real release, averted or avertable doses, potential doses and doses during transport or evacuation on specified routes. Both systems serve as instruments in case of severe accident (DBA or BDBA) at NPP Mochovce or NPP Bohunice, accidents with threat of release of radioactivity to the atmosphere. Systems are implemented at emergency centre of Mochovce NPP and Bohunice NPP and connected online to the sources of technological and radiological data from the reactor, primary circuit, confinement, secondary circuit, ventilation stack, from the area of NPP (TDS 1) and from the emergency planning zone (TDS 11). Systems are connected online to the sources of meteorological data, too. (authors)

  7. How an impact plan can build on the success of your project - from proposal to legacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexiou, Sofia; Grigorov, Ivo; Ashton, Eleanor; Bayliss-Brown, Georgia; NiCheallachain, Cliona

    2016-04-01

    Research Impact is often defined as the 'demonstrable contribution that excellent research makes to society and the economy'. Impact is important as it demonstrates the value of funding agencies' investment into science. Measuring impact is an essential of project management, from proposal phase to output. However, impact can mean a range of things to different people and organisations. When applying for funding, it is critical to check and understand the type of impact recognised by the relevant funder and to consider opportunities for building in multiple benefits. In 2015, it was observed that the drive to 'get stricter on impact' had a direct effect on the evaluators' instructions and subsequent proposal ratings. As funding agencies are reshaping assessment processes and implementing new indicators of impact and new innovation actions, it is clear that a need to demonstrate performance, impact and added-value must be included within the proposal phase. Within this EOS21 Session we address common questions on: • What do the funders want and where are they going? • How do these new indicators affect the Research Evaluation Framework (REF)? • How is 'societal impact' of research measured? • How do I write an impact plan?

  8. Fort Irwin integrated resource assessment. Volume 3: Sitewide Energy Project identification for buildings and facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keller, J.M.; Dittmer, A.L.; Elliott, D.B.; McMordie, K.L.; Richman, E.E.; Stucky, D.J.; Wahlstrom, R.R.; Hadley, D.L.

    1995-02-01

    The U.S. Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) has tasked the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), supported by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory, to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost-effective energy projects at Fort Irwin. This is part of a model program that PNL is designing to support energy-use decisions in the federal sector. This report provides the results of the fossil fuel and electric energy resource opportunity (ERO) assessments performed by PNL at the FORSCOM Fort Irwin facility located near Barstow, California. It is a companion report to Volume 1, Executive Summary, and Volume 2, Baseline Detail. The results of the analyses of EROs are presented in 16 common energy end-use categories (e.g., boilers and furnaces, service hot water, and building lighting). A narrative description of each ERO is provided, along with a table detailing information on the installed cost, energy and dollar savings; impacts on operations and maintenance (O&M); and, when applicable, a discussion of energy supply and demand, energy security, and environmental issues. A description of the evaluation methodologies and technical and cost assumptions is also provided for each ERO. Summary tables present the cost-effectiveness of energy end-use equipment before and after the implementation of each ERO and present the results of the life-cycle cost (LCC) analysis indicating the net present valve (NPV) and savings-to-investment ratio (SIR) of each ERO.

  9. Project management of the build of the shore test facility for the prototype of PWR II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The PWR II is a new design of nuclear steam raising plant for the Royal Navy's submarines. It features improved engineering for safety, increased power, increased shock resistance, reduced noise transmission to sea and reduced manning requirement. It is to be tested in a new prototype testing facility, the Shore Test Facility, which is a section of submarine hull containing a prototype of the nuclear steam raising plant and its support system. It is installed at the Vulcan Naval Reactor Test establishment at Dounreay in Scotland. The function of the establishment is to test new designs of core and reactor plant, validate the mathematical models used in their design, develop improved methods of operation and maintenance of the plant and test new items of equipment. The Shore Test Facility was built in large sections at Barrow-in-Furness and transported to Scotland. The project management for the construction of the Shore Test Facility is explained. It involves personnel from the Royal Navy, and a large number of people working for the contractors involved in the buildings, transportation, operation and maintenance of the Facility. (U.K.)

  10. Improved technical specifications for Korean NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    PWRs use Technical Specifications(Tech. Spec.) to ensure safe operation of the plant. Recently, many efforts were made to improve Tech. Spec. and as a result, Improved Standard Technical Specifications(ISTS) have been developed. Korean NPP technical specifications were converted to ISTS format. KAERI also provided supporting documents for technical specification conversion including mark-up's and description of changes. This paper describes and summarizes the results of implementation of ISTS for Korean NPP. The new Tech. Spec. will improve safety of Korean NPP

  11. 324 Building Compliance Project: Selection and evaluation of alternatives for the removal of solid remote-handled mixed wastes from the 324 Building

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Six alternatives for the interim storage of remote-handled mixed wastes from the 324 Building on the Hanford Site have been identified and evaluated. The alternatives focus on the interim storage facility and include use of existing facilities in the 200 Area, the construction of new facilities, and the vitrification of the wastes within the 324 Building to remove the majority of the wastes from under RCRA regulations. The six alternatives are summarized in Table S.1, which identifies the primary facilities to be utilized, the anticipated schedule for removal of the wastes, the costs of the transfer from 324 Building to the interim storage facility (including any capital costs), and an initial risk comparison of the alternatives. A recently negotiated Tri-Party Agreement (TPA) change requires the last of the mixed wastes to be removed by May 1999. The ability to use an existing facility reduces the costs since it eliminates the need for new capital construction. The basic regulatory approvals for the storage of mixed wastes are in place for the PUREX facility, but the Form HI permit will need some minor modifications since the 324 Building wastes have some additional characteristic waste codes and the current permit limits storage of wastes to those from the facility itself. Regulatory reviews have indicated that it will be best to use the tunnels to store the wastes. The PUREX alternatives will only provide storage for about 65% of the wastes. This results from the current schedule of the B-Cell Clean Out Project, which projects that dispersible debris will continue to be collected in small quantities until the year 2000. The remaining fraction of the wastes will then be stored in another facility. Central Waste Complex (CWC) is currently proposed for that residual waste storage; however, other options may also be available

  12. The design of the computerized main control room of Lingao Phase II NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For most of the newly built NPPs, the computerized main control rooms (MCR) are adopted. LingAo Phase II NPP is under construction. In terms of reactor type, it is the duplication of LingAo NPP (Phase I). One of the main difference is the I andC system and the MCR. LingAo Phase II NPP adopts digital control system and computerized MCR while the LingAo Phase I has a conventional MCR. This paper will present the main features of this MCR and its design process, and will address the main difficulties in the following aspects: 1) to implant the functions of conventional I and C into computerized human machine interfaces (HMI), 2) to develop a reduced conventional I and C as the back-up control means which can accommodate accident situations, 3) to introduce computerized State-oriented accidental operating procedures (SOP), 4) to build a platform to validate the HMI. (author)

  13. KEPIC application on Korean NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the management of nuclear power plant, the security of safety is most important and the such a safety security is closely related to the governing code requirements for nuclear facility. In the first stage of NPP construction in Korea, there was no independent Korean codes for the nuclear facility, accordingly different kind of foreign codes were applied. From the later of 1980, KHNP leads the development of KEPIC (Korea Electric Power Industry Code). The development had been being performed in the three step and finished in the end of Dec. 2000. After that, the KEPIC developed had been selectively applied for the UI-Chin 5 and 6 units construction and it is now expected that the application of KEPIC will be markably expended in the Shin-Kori 1 and 2 and Shin Wol-Sung 1 and 2 units scheduled. Thereby here I introduce the status of development and application of the KEPIC for information of persons interested

  14. Fuel reliability of Bohunice NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paper summarizes experience from last 15 years of operation at NPP Jaslovske Bohunice. During this period, leaking fuel assemblies have had been identified by in-core sipping method and verified by vendor specified canister sipping method. Methodology of operational and outage fuel integrity monitoring is described. Full survey of identified leaking assemblies is given. Fuel failure rates are calculated separately for V-1 (V-230 type) and V-2 (V-213 type) units. Systematic difference - significantly lower fuel failure rate at V-213 units exists for all period investigated. Analysis of potential fuel failure reasons and all related measures (planned and already implemented) are presented. Design, operation and fabrication features have been analyzed with the aim to identify dominant factors contributing to fuel failure. No unambiguous reasons have been found so far. It is believed that there is a superposition of several factors and differences causing higher failure rate at V-230 type units. (author)

  15. A brief overview of Ignalina NPP safety issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A description of the safety of Ignalina NPP in a very popular form is presented. Answers to the most frequently recurring questions concerning the Ignalina NPP are provided based on recently completed international studies. Questions are like these: can a similar accident to the one that occurred in Chernobyl take place at Ignalina NPP, does the Ignalina NPP have a containment, what are the probabilities and potential consequences of accidents, etc. The brochure contains a short description of Ignalina NPP safety improvement programs

  16. Suomi NPP VIIRS Imagery evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillger, Donald; Seaman, Curtis; Liang, Calvin; Miller, Steven; Lindsey, Daniel; Kopp, Thomas

    2014-06-01

    The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) combines the best aspects of both civilian and military heritage instrumentation. VIIRS has improved capabilities over its predecessors: a wider swath width and much higher spatial resolution at swath edge. The VIIRS day-night band (DNB) is sensitive to very low levels of visible light and is capable of detecting low clouds, land surface features, and sea ice at night, in addition to light emissions from both man-made and natural sources. Imagery from the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (Suomi NPP) satellite has been in the checkout process since its launch on 28 October 2011. The ongoing evaluation of VIIRS Imagery helped resolve several imagery-related issues, including missing radiance measurements. In particular, near-constant contrast imagery, derived from the DNB, had a large number of issues to overcome, including numerous missing or blank-fill images and a stray light leakage problem that was only recently resolved via software fixes. In spite of various sensor issues, the VIIRS DNB has added tremendous operational and research value to Suomi NPP. Remarkably, it has been discovered to be sensitive enough to identify clouds even in very low light new moon conditions, using reflected light from the Earth's airglow layer. Impressive examples of the multispectral imaging capabilities are shown to demonstrate its applications for a wide range of operational users. Future members of the Joint Polar Satellite System constellation will also carry and extend the use of VIIRS. Imagery evaluation will continue with these satellites to ensure the quality of imagery for end users.

  17. Screening of external hazards for NPP with bank type reactor. Modeling of safety related systems and equipment for RBMK. Probabilistic assessment of NPP safety on aircraft impact. Progress report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This progress report was produced within the frame of IAEA research project on screening the hazards for NPP with bank type reactor. It covers the following tasks; development of the model for the primary loop system of RBMK; developing the models for safety related equipment of RBMK; developing of models for safety related models of EGP-6 type reactor (Bilibinskaya Nuclear Co-generated heat and Power Plant); and probabilistic assessment of NPP safety on aircraft impact

  18. Efficient use of energy in buildings - Activities and projects in 2002; Rationelle Energienutzung in Gebaeuden. Aktivitaeten und Projekte 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zimmermann, M.

    2003-07-01

    This annual report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy reviews the activities and projects of the Swiss Programme on the Efficient Use of Energy in Buildings in 2002. The aims of the programme, which concerns itself with building systems, technical installations and the use of solar energy in buildings, are reviewed. Areas targeted in the period 2002 - 2006 are listed, including high-insulation technologies, so-called 'passive' low-energy consumption housing, environmental technology and sustainable neighbourhood development. Progress made in the environmental technology area is described including eco-assessment methods and the development of alternative insulation materials. The topics of solar sustainable housing, low-energy consumption building standards, aids for the optimisation of solar installations in larger buildings and lighting are covered, as is progress in the development of vacuum insulation and translucent elements with latent energy storage and guidelines for air-tightness and mechanical ventilation in 'passive' housing. In the technical services area, the validation of planning tools and manuals for purchasers and operators of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems are discussed. Co-operation with national and international institutions is discussed. A list of pilot and demonstration projects completes the report.

  19. European cooperation under the modernization program of the Kozloduy NPP units 5 and 6 and its evolution during the Belene NPP construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The major part of the modernization program for the Kozloduy NPP units 5 and 6 is being performed by the European Consortium Kozloduy (ECK), consisting of AREVA - FRAMATOME ANP (Germany and France) and Atomenergoexport (Russia). The ECK main project, consisting of 76 separate measures, shall be finished in the first half of 2006. One of the major tasks was to form the different teams on contractors and employers side such that the works can be executed effectively in a timely manner and as per the technical and quality requirements. Different actions were undertaken on both sides in order to assure the main target, namely to implement the complete scope of work within the contractual time schedule. So far it can be reported that the teams have successfully worked and as a matter of fact at present more than 100 outage days have been saved compared to the initial contractual time schedule. This important result is based on different success factors in the field of planning, engineering and design, outage organization, implementation including testing and commissioning, quality assurance. After the decision of Bulgaria to continue the erection of Belene NPP, a bidding consortium has been founded by the ECK Consortium members, in order to provide a joint offer for this project. The good reputation, expertise and the experience gained from the Kozloduy NPP units 5 and 6 modernization project together with a reliable network with Bulgarian industrial partners may contribute the utmost to a successful finalization of the Belene NPP. (author)

  20. Studies of the landscape and its components of the Ignalina NPP region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The causes of landscape degradation in Lake Drukshiai basin are the following: building and operation of Ignalina NPP and Visaginas town with the service infrastructure. Landscape degradation map was compiled showing the areas effected by degradation, intensity of degradation and resistance of landscape against this process. It was determined that the highly de gradated landscape in the lake basin covers the area of 395.3 ha (1.43% without the lake). The landscape resistance to the processes of degradation depends on the migration fluxes of erosion products. The investigation revealed that erosion products in Lake Drukshiai basin are the least stable in the landscape with fluvioglacial sand and gravel deposits. The land flora in Ignalina NPP region is being represented by 617 plant species belonging to 81 family. Temperature, chemical and physical changes which occurred in the lake - cooler after the Ignalina NPP was put in operation were primarily evident in the structure and abundance of by-shore complexes of micro arthropods and insects.During the first five years of operation of Ignalina NPP the abundance and diversity of species at the shores of the lake increased 2.5 - 3.5 times. The genotoxic al impact of Ignalina NPP environment on local animal populations during 184 - 1996 period was slight and did not change significantly. (author)