WorldWideScience

Sample records for buddhism

  1. Buddhism in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borup, Jørn

    2008-01-01

    Introductory article on Buddhism in Denmark following historial lines and typological divides between "ethnic" and "convert" Buddhism.......Introductory article on Buddhism in Denmark following historial lines and typological divides between "ethnic" and "convert" Buddhism....

  2. Two Buddhisms, Three Buddhisms, and Racism

    OpenAIRE

    Wakoh Shannon Hickey

    2015-01-01

    Over the past several decades, observers of American Buddhism have created numerous typologies to describe different categories of Buddhists in the United States. These taxonomies use different criteria to categorize groups: style of practice, degree of institutional stability, mode of transmission to the U.S., ethnicity, etc. Each reveals some features of American Buddhism and obscures others. None accounts adequately for hybrids or for long-term changes within categories. Most include a div...

  3. THE OUTSTANDING CHARACTERISTICS OF BUDDHISM

    OpenAIRE

    Vimala

    2014-01-01

    The outstanding characteristics of Buddhism are the fundamental features of Buddhism to understand clearly what Buddhism is. There is no secret doctrine in Buddhism. Everything Buddha taught is open to the public for investigation or for understanding. Buddhism allows not only freedom of thought but also tolerance. Buddhism is self-reliance and self-responsibility without relying on any other. There is no caste system and distinction in enlightenment between men and wo...

  4. Buddhism and Counselling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Silva, Padmal

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the relevance of the principles and practices of Buddhism to the field of counseling. As Buddhism espouses the notion of a productive and healthy life, it offers ways of dealing with problems and difficulties, and of improving psychological well-being. Cites examples of relevant Buddhist techniques and their application. (JPS)

  5. Two Buddhisms, Three Buddhisms, and Racism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wakoh Shannon Hickey

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Over the past several decades, observers of American Buddhism have created numerous typologies to describe different categories of Buddhists in the United States. These taxonomies use different criteria to categorize groups: style of practice, degree of institutional stability, mode of transmission to the U.S., ethnicity, etc. Each reveals some features of American Buddhism and obscures others. None accounts adequately for hybrids or for long-term changes within categories. Most include a divide between convert Buddhists, characterized as predominantly Caucasian, and “heritage” or “ethnic” Buddhists, characterized as Asian immigrants and refugees, as well as their descendants. This article examines several typologies, and considers two dynamics: the effects of white racism on the development of American Buddhist communities; and the effects of unconscious white privilege in scholarly discourse about these communities. It critiques “ethnic” categories and proposes other ways to conceptualize the diverse forms of Buddhism outside Asia.

  6. Buddhism in Muslim Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Karel Steenbrink

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an overview of various ways in which Buddhists and Muslims have lived together in Indonesia since the arrival of Islam about 1200. It tells how Buddhism has slowly disappeared and become a religion for mainly the Chinese who, until the late 19th century, have often converted to Islam. This article analyzes the role of three key figures in the recent government–supported revival of Buddhism. These figures are the Chinese–Indonesian monk Ashin Jinarakkhita, the Balin...

  7. Spread of Buddhism in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The spread of Buddhism to China began at the beginning of the first century, when Indian Buddhism spread inland along the Silk Road to Xinjiang. Centered in Chang’an (present-day Xi’an) and Luoyang, Buddhism slowly spread across the country, eventually taking root in

  8. Introduction to Zen Buddhism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strawn, Virginia

    A lesson plan, divided into four learning activities, introduces the topic of Zen Buddhism by presenting one of many possible approaches to the academic study of religion in a secondary setting. The lesson plan is designed for integration into world history, global studies, or sociology classes in secondary schools. Learning activity one focuses…

  9. Japanese Rinzai Zen Buddhism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borup, Jørn

    or "spiritual" aspects. This book investigates the contemporary living reality of the largest Japanese Rinzai Zen Buddhist group, Myōshinji. Drawing on textual studies and ethnographic fieldwork, Jørn Borup analyses how its practitioners use and understand their religion, how they practice their religiosity...... and how different kinds of Zen Buddhists (monks, nuns, priest, lay people) interact and define themselves within the religious organization. Living Zen portrays a living Zen Buddhism being both uniquely interesting and interestingly typical for common Buddhist and Japanese religiosity...

  10. DEVELOPMENT OF BUDDHISM IN KANCHIPURAM

    OpenAIRE

    G. INDIRAJITH

    2012-01-01

    Kanchipuram was the home of the various religious movements of India. In south India Buddhism and Jainism reached their zenith here, Saivism and Vaishnavism had their beginnings at Kanchi. There are relics of every religious movement, which reached South India, Buddhist stupas and statues, Jaina shrines, Saivite and Vaishnavite temples. The various cultural streams met here-Aryan and Dravidian, Vedic and nonVedic, Hindu, Buddhist and Jain. This paper portrays on development of Buddhism in Kac...

  11. Buddhism In Salinger's Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文铁; 郝利群

    2004-01-01

    Salinger was strongly influenced by Buddhism, so in his works the philosophy of Buddhism was clearly seen everywhere. His characters are all his spokesmen of his Buddhist philosophy, and the following essay exemplifies his philoeophical thinking through his representative works.

  12. Buddhism: A Brief Guide to Reference Sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drost, Jerry

    The annotated bibliography lists 48 articles, atlases, dictionaries, bibliographies, and general and subject indexes on Buddhism. The bibliography is intended to provide college students with an introduction to the more complex literature of Buddhism and to stimulate further research and study. Topics include the history of Buddhism; the practice…

  13. Buddhism of Japanese Immigrants within the framework of Brazilian Buddhism

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    Frank Usarski

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article reflects upon Buddhism of Japanese immigrants, which is the historically and numerically most important sub-segment of the so-called “ethnic Buddhism” in Brazil. The latter represents - in distinction from the “Buddhism of converts” - one of the two principles analytical subcategories of Buddhist universe of the country. The text starts with a reconstruction of the trajectory of the religious sub-segment in question by relating it to other observable tendencies in Brazil’s Buddhist field in general. For analytical reasons, the history of Buddhism of Japanese immigrants is subdivided into four phases. In the second part of the article the aforementioned data are interpreted from a sociological point of view. This interpretation refers mainly to the statistics of the National Census from 1950 onwards conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE. The data indicate a gradual decline of Japanese Immigrant Buddhism during the last decades that has cumulated into general crises of the Buddhist segment in question. As for factors possibly responsible for this negative development, the article discusses aspects such as logistical failures on the side of the Buddhist institutions or the difficulties of the families of Japanese descendants in handing down their cultural and religious heritage to their children.  

  14. Radical Behaviorism and Buddhism: Complementarities and Conflicts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diller, James W.; Lattal, Kennon A.

    2008-01-01

    Comparisons have been made between Buddhism and the philosophy of science in general, but there have been only a few attempts to draw comparisons directly with the philosophy of radical behaviorism. The present review therefore considers heretofore unconsidered points of comparison between Buddhism and radical behaviorism in terms of their…

  15. Buddhism in the West: Phases, Orders and the Creation of an Integrative Buddhism

    OpenAIRE

    Baumann, Martin

    1996-01-01

    Following Heinz Bechert's proposal to distinguish Buddhist history by periods into a canonical, traditional and modern Buddhism, the paper focuses on the form and characteristics Buddhism has started to take in the incipient period of post-modernity. As one prominent feature of post-modern or global Buddhism, approaches are found particularly in the modern contexts of Western, industrialized societies. Part One of the paper sketches the chronological and geographical dissesmination of Buddhis...

  16. Pain Perception in Buddhism Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waikakul, Waraporn; Waikakul, Saranatra

    2016-08-01

    Dhamma, which Lord Buddha has presented to people after his enlightenment, analyzes every phenomenon and objects into their ultimate elements. The explanation of sensory system is also found in a part of Dhamma named Abhidhammapitaka, the Book of the Higher Doctrine in Buddhism. To find out the relationship between explanation of pain in the present neuroscience and the explanation of pain in Abhidhamma, the study was carried out by the use of a comprehensive review. The comparisons were in terms of peripheral stimulation, signal transmission, modulation, perception, suffering, determination and decision making for the responding to pain. We found that details of the explanation on pain mechanism and perception in Abhidhamma could associate well with our present scientific knowledge. Furthermore, more refinement information about the process and its function in particular aspects of pain perception were provided in Abhidhammapitaka. PMID:26112611

  17. Buddhism and Cognitive (Neuro)Science: An Uneasy Liaison?

    OpenAIRE

    Vörös, Sebastjan

    2016-01-01

    The main aim of this article is to shed light on the intricate relationship between Buddhism and science by focusing on what is becoming an increasingly popular area of contact between the two domains, namely the study of consciousness in the field of cognitive (neuro)science. First, three fundamental ways of approaching the relationship between Buddhism and science are outlined: (a) rejection (Buddhism and science are not, and cannot be, compatible); (b) acceptance (Buddhism and science shar...

  18. Buddhism as Orientalism on American Cultural Landscape: The Cinematic Orientalization of Tibetan (Tantric Buddhism

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    Che-ming Yang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I will just cite two American movies—Little Buddha and Music and Lyrics—to illustrate how (Tibetan Buddhism (or Dharma has long been misrepresented and Orientalized on American cultural landscape. Since its spread to the West in the 19thcentury, Buddhism has long been a target or source in the Westerners’ creation of Orientalism in the arts or even mass media. In mass media, Buddhism (especially Tibetan Buddhism has long been a source for commercial films (e.g. The Little Buddha, directed by Bertrolucci in 1993. Some of them may have been an attempt to present Buddhism as some Oriental spiritual practice or an Oriental mysticism that looks appealing to the American/Western audience and thus satisfies the Westerners’ exotic taste. Reasons of the Americanization or secularization of Buddhism may be caused by Buddhist diasporas that lead to the alienation and contestation of Dharma in a Christian context. Hence, misinterpretation is the way of understanding/interpreting a new culture. On the other hand, the misrepresentation is an inevitable phenomenon when an idea or object is translated into a foreign culture in which there is no equivalent to the idea/object. Since cinema is a main medium for public entertainment and commercial profit in the contemporary postmodern world, it could easily reflect the mass consensus of some cultural phenomenon. Hence, the misinterpretations or stereotypes of Buddhism revealed on the American cinema at least highlight the emerging need and popularity of the Dharma/Buddhism in western spiritual practice as well as its decline.

  19. Princess Wencheng Brings Buddhism to Tibet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    Nima Tsering. a modern Tibetan painter, hascreated many works reflecting ancient Tibetancivilization as well as modern Tibetan life. He usesmany modern painting methods, but also carries onthe style of the wall paintings of Tibetan Buddhism. The painting here depicts the story that in aboutthe 7th Century AD. during the Tang Dynasty (AD

  20. The Art of Buddhism. A Teacher's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forsgren, Krista; Benskin, Elizabeth

    While the art of Buddhism has an enduring tradition throughout Asia, this teaching guide focuses on the cultures of three countries in which the Smithsonian's Freer and Sackler Galleries' collections are particularly strong: India, China, and Japan. The guide identifies grade level appropriateness for some lessons and activities. It contains 15…

  1. The Adulthood of Buddhahood: Buddhism, Lifelong Learning and the Education of Desire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacPherson, Sonia

    1996-01-01

    Buddhism as a philosophy of education is examined through discussion of the three trainings: ethics, meditative stabilization, and special wisdom. Tantric Buddhism and Protestant Christianity are compared. (SK)

  2. Buddhism on the Border: Shan Buddhism and Transborder Migration in Northern Thailand

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    Tadayoshi Murakami

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the transformation of Shan Buddhism in the border area of Northern Thailand. Shan and other ethnic groups have a long history of migration between Northern Thailand and the Shan State of Myanmar; the migration continued even after the border was demarcated at the end of the nineteenth century. Recently, the migration has become unidirectional—from Myanmar to Thailand— and the number of migrants is growing steadily. An anomalous situation exists in this area: a fluid border crossing of people, goods, and information in spite of rigid border control by the Thai government. In the religious sphere, the Thai government has been institutionalizing and standardizing “Thai Buddhism” since the early twentieth century. The government’s efforts seem to have succeeded, resulting in the unified organization of “State Sangha” and a systematized curriculum for monastic education. In the process, local Sanghas (Buddhist monastic communities in the kingdom have been integrated into the State Sangha of Thailand. However, Shan Buddhism in the border area has not been totally assimilated into Thai Buddhism and maintains its unique seasonal festivals, religious rites of passage, practices using Shan manuscripts, and temple architecture. By focusing on the movement of people in the border area, where strong state control and a porous border coexist, this paper analyzes the important role of border migration in the continuation and development of Shan Buddhist practices in Northern Thailand.

  3. Warriors of Buddhism: Buddhism and violence as seen from a Vajrayana Tibetan Buddhist perspective

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    Christina Gillberg

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Buddhism is considered by many today as the non-violent religion par excellence. The concept of ahimsa (non-violence coupled with the notion of pratityasamutpada (i.e. that everything is casually interconnected, with the implication that pain inflicted upon others is therefore really done to oneself and thus to be avoided seems to be one of the main arguments for promoting Buddhism as an excellent method for promoting world peace. However this non-violent, serene picture of Buddhism is not the only picture. Buddhists on occasion speak of a need to use violence, and employ it. Buddhists kill. Sometimes they also kill each other. The history as well as the present of Buddhist Asia is bloodstained. How do Buddhists justify approving of and using violence? How do they legitimise their pro-violent utterances and actions when such actions ought to result in excommunication? What are they saying? There are several answers to this, some of which are presented in this article, with the primary focus on Buddhist Tibet.

  4. A Brief Introduction to the Tibetan Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Despite the rolling of high plateau and stunning Himalayas, Tibet has a nickname of “Holy Land” with its ancient history and colorful culture. Refered as Shangri-La, the roof of the world and many more, the mysterious kingdom remained closed to others, exerting a strong hold on the imagination of the world. For centuries, it has fascinated mankind in various ways. Its religion is one of astonishing one. Here we have questions! What is Tibetan Buddhism about? How many sects it has? What about each one's doctrine? Have you ever known its architectures, its religious arts, as well as its incarnation of Living Buddha? People feel curious about its powerful inspiration and cohesive strength,

  5. Esoteric Theravada Buddhism in Burma/Myanmar

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    Niklas Foxeus

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The achievement of independence in 1948 was in many ways a watershed in Burma’s history. At this time, a variety of Buddhist movements emerged that were part not only of a ‘Burmese Buddhist revival’, in which even the government was involved, but also a general re-enchantment of Asia. In the period following World War II, projects of nation-building and further modernization were implemented in many newly independent Asian nation states. The theories of modernization adopted by the rulers had presupposed that a new, rationalized and secularized order that had set them on the path of ‘progress’ would entail a decline of religion. However, instead there was a widespread resurgence of religion, and a variety of new, eclectic religious movements emerged in Southeast Asia. In the thriving religious field of postcolonial Burma, two lay Buddhist movements associated with two different meditation techniques emerged, viz.; the insight meditation movement and the concentration meditation movement. The latter consisted of a variety of esoteric congregations combining concentration meditation with esoteric lore, and some of these were characterized by fundamentalist trends. At the same time, the supermundane form of Buddhism became increasingly influential in the entire field of religion. The aim of the present article is to discuss how this supermundane dimension has reshaped the complex religious field in Burma, with particular emphasis on the esoteric congregations; to present the Burmese form of esoteric Theravāda Buddhism, and to situate the fundamentalist trends which are present in these contexts.

  6. Buddhism in Australia: An Emerging Field of Study

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    Anna Halafoff

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In 2006, Paul D. Numrich (2008 posed the question of whether contemporary scholarship on North American Buddhism constituted a distinct "field of study" and identified several factors that defined both academic disciplines and fields. This paper applies Numrich's criteria to the study of Buddhism in Australia, in its multiple and diverse forms, suggesting that it is an emerging field of study. While there has been an increase in historical, anthropological, and sociological scholarship in recent years, a comprehensive analysis of Buddhism in Australia, and particularly its impact on Australian life and culture, is yet to be conducted. This paper argues that such a study is both timely and necessary, given that Buddhism is the second largest religion in Australia, and we appear to be entering an "Asian century."

  7. A Visual Narration of Hells in Buddhism and Islam

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    Ary Budianto

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The visualization of the Hell’s Tortures both in Buddhism and in Islam is exactly similar. However, their kind of ‘theological’ tendencies may result different outcome. By comparing the visual narration of the Buddhism and Islamic comic books dealing with hell illustrations, I made an‘imaginary’ dialogue between the concept and visuality of hells tortures that exist in both traditions, and see the impact on how far a sincere dialogue could be achieved in these two religious people. During this comparison, I found that both Buddhism and Islam in Java had ever made such an interesting dialogue.Keywords: Hell tortures, Islam-Buddhism comparison, encounter of Java-IndonesiaDOI: 10.15408/ref.v13i1.995

  8. Buddhism in Australia: An Emerging Field of Study

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Halafoff; Ruth Fitzpatrick; Kim Lam

    2015-01-01

    In 2006, Paul D. Numrich (2008) posed the question of whether contemporary scholarship on North American Buddhism constituted a distinct "field of study" and identified several factors that defined both academic disciplines and fields. This paper applies Numrich's criteria to the study of Buddhism in Australia, in its multiple and diverse forms, suggesting that it is an emerging field of study. While there has been an increase in historical, anthropological, and sociological scholarship in re...

  9. Buddhism in the United States: an Ethnographic Study

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    Jaeyeon Choe

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on Buddhism in America, an neglected area of inquiry in anthropological study. There is a need for modern ethnographic studies to shed light on historical issues, paradigms for comparative inquiry, and thus, explore the impact of Buddhism on modern American society (Glazier, 1997. The enormous growth of Buddhism in the last quarter century (Smith, 2002 makes this an especially pertinent topic in American anthropology. We utilize Glazier’s model to add Buddhism as a topic in the area of modernity studies. This is a preliminary study of the nature of Buddhism in America. We conducted participant observation with a Buddhist meditation group in a north eastern state in the US for four months in the spring of 2010. Based on our preliminary ethnographic data, we believe that a unique perspectives of Buddhism in America can be identified: non-religious and therapeutic involvement or use of Buddhism. Also, new forms of practice become evident, for example, ‘walking meditation’ and ‘bowing to other Buddhists,’ are identified as characteristics of Buddhism in America. It is interesting to note that at the end of meditation sessions, participants not only bow to the Buddha statue, but also bow to each other. This is a unique ritual dynamic which appears to be consistent with the worldview of American people - being equal and individual. The meditation group also practiced ‘walking meditation’ which is easy to do in everyday life. Additionally, we observed that American meditation rooms provide additional cushions to sit on which are a further element, along with walking meditation, which help American beginners to meditate more easily. These study observations shed light on the current situation by providing new lenses from which to understand and focus on different ritual performances/interpretations of Buddhism, and their meanings and functions in society. The most important reflection is that religious change is not an

  10. Is Buddhism the low fertility religion of Asia?

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    Vegard Skirbekk

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The influence of religion on demographic behaviors has been extensively studied mainly for Abrahamic religions. Although Buddhism is the world's fourth largest religion and is dominant in several Asian nations experiencing very low fertility, the impact of Buddhism on childbearing has received comparatively little research attention. Objective: This paper draws upon a variety of data sources in different countries in Asia in order to test our hypothesis that Buddhism is related to low fertility. Methods: Religious differentials in terms of period fertility in three nations (India, Cambodia and Nepal and cohort fertility in three case studies (Mongolia, Thailand and Japan are analyzed. The analyses are divided into two parts: descriptive and multivariate analyses. Results: Our results suggest that Buddhist affiliation tends to be negatively or not associated with childbearing outcomes, controlling for education, region of residence, age and marital status. Although the results vary between the highly diverse contextual and institutional settings investigated, we find evidence that Buddhist affiliation or devotion is not related to elevated fertility across these very different cultural settings. Conclusions: Across the highly diverse cultural and developmental contexts under which the different strains of Buddhism dominate, the effect of Buddhism is consistently negatively or insignificantly related to fertility. These findings stand in contrast to studies of Abrahamic religions that tend to identify a positive link between religiosity and fertility.

  11. The Coming of Secular Buddhism: a Synoptic View

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    Winton Higgins

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Secular Buddhism is coalescing today in response to two main factors. First, it rejects the incoherence of Buddhist modernism, a protean formation that accommodates elements as far afield as ancestral Buddhism and psychotherapies claiming the Buddhist brand. Second, it absorbs the cultural influence of modern secularity in the West. Historically understood, secularity has constituted a centuries-long religious development, not a victory of "science" over "religion." Today's secularity marks a further stage in the cultural decline of "enchanted" truth-claims and the intellectual eclipse of metaphysics, especially under the aegis of phenomenology. In Buddhism as in Christianity, secularity brings forth a new humanistic approach to ethical-spiritual life and creative this-worldly practices.

  12. Building More Solid Bridges between Buddhism and Western Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugamura, Genji; Haruki, Yutaka; Koshikawa, Fusako

    2007-01-01

    Introducing the ways of cultivating mental balance, B. A. Wallace and S. L. Shapiro attempted to build bridges between Buddhism and psychology. Their systematic categorization of Buddhist teachings and extensive review of empirical support from Western psychology are valuable for future study. However, it remains a matter of concern that some more…

  13. Japanese psychoanalysis and Buddhism: the making of a relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harding, Christopher

    2014-05-19

    This article explores the making of a relationship between Japanese psychoanalysis and Buddhism, in the life and work of Kosawa Heisaku. Kosawa did not work out the compatibility of psychoanalysis with Buddhism in abstract, theoretical terms; rather, he understood them as two different articulations of the same practical approach to living well. He saw this approach in action in the lives of Freud and Shinran, the latter a thirteenth-century Japanese Buddhist reformer. For Kosawa, both individuals exemplified the 'true religious state of mind', at the achievement of which Kosawa understood psychoanalytic psychotherapy as ideally aiming. This article uses newly available documentary and interview material to examine the historical dynamics both of Kosawa's work in this area and of the broader 'religion-psy dialogue' of which it is an early example. PMID:24840215

  14. Between Buddhism and Science, Between Mind and Body

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    Geoffrey Samuel

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Buddhism has been seen, at least since the Theravāda reform movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as particularly compatible with Western science. The recent explosion of Mindfulness therapies have strengthened this perception. However, the 'Buddhism' which is being brought into relation with science in the context of the Mindfulness movement has already undergone extensive rewriting under modernist influences, and many of the more critical aspects of Buddhist thought and practice are dismissed or ignored. The Mind and Life Institute encounters, under the patronage of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, present a different kind of dialogue, in which a Tibetan Buddhism which is only beginning to undergo modernist rewriting confronts Western scientists and scholars on more equal terms. However, is the highly sophisticated but radically other world of Tantric thought really compatible with contemporary science? In this article I look at problem areas within the dialogue, and suggest that genuine progress is most likely to come if we recognise the differences between Buddhist thought and contemporary science, and take them as an opportunity to rethink scientific assumptions.

  15. Education Course Syllabus Development, Thai Language Major According to Buddhism Way of Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waree, Chaiwat

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to develop Education Course Syllabus, Thai language major, according to Buddhism way of Thailand by using Taba's Approach and to evaluate the efficiency of Education Course Syllabus, Thai language major, according to Buddhism way of Thailand. This research was conducted according to research and development format and its…

  16. A Preliminary Assessment of Buddhism's Contextualisation to the English RE Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thanissaro, Phra Nicholas

    2011-01-01

    In a preliminary study, 20 "migrant" Buddhist parents and children from England participated in semi-structured interviews to compare their home nurture with classroom presentation of Buddhism. In the home Buddhism received more time allocation and was presented mainly by the mother and monks--the content being that of "perpetuating structures",…

  17. Conceptions and Misconceptions about "Western Buddhism": Issues and Approaches for the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkwitz, Stephen C.

    2004-01-01

    This article responds to the exponential growth in academic textbooks on Western or American Buddhism by arguing that popular trade books written by Buddhist teachers in the West make more effective tools for teaching and learning about the growth of Buddhism in western societies. The use of such texts in the classroom provides students with…

  18. Religious Background and Educational Attainment: The Effects of Buddhism, Islam, and Judaism

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    Sander, William

    2010-01-01

    The effects of Buddhism, Islam, and Judaism on educational attainment in the United States are examined. OLS estimates of educational attainment and Probit estimates of college attainment are undertaken. It is shown that Islam and Judaism have similar positive effects on attainment relative to Protestants and Catholics. The effect of Buddhism is…

  19. Buddhism in Čampā Le Bouddhisme au Champa

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    Anne-Valérie Schweyer

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Čampā is a Far East country, whose Māhāyana Buddhism is known from 7th to 14th century. In fact, Sanskrit and Cam Inscriptions mostly attested Tantric practices, belonging to the Vajrāyana Buddhism, mixing Śaiva and Buddhist believes. More precisely, side by side Śiva and the three Buddha’ emanations, Śākyamuni, Amitābha and Vairocana, are honoured in Čampā, alone with the Goddess Prajñāpāramitā, the true substance of the Doctrine, and, secondary, with Vajrapāni, Lokeśvara and Vajrasattva. The confrontation of the epigraphic testimonies with the archaeological remains is very useful to understand the Buddhism of Čampā, crossroads of trade roads between India and China. Therefore, epigraphic and artistic evidences are used to propose a chronological presentation, with a special development on the revival of the 10th century, and especially, the esoteric way.Le Čampā, pays du centre Vietnam, connut un bouddhisme Māhāyana du xe au xive siècle. Les inscriptions en sanskrit et en cam montrent que ce bouddhisme était essentiellement tantrique, relevant du bouddhisme Vajrāyana, mêlant pratiques Śivaïtes et bouddhiques. Plus précisément, le bouddhisme cam montre qu’aux côtés de Śiva sont honorées les trois émanations du Bouddha, Śākyamuni, Amitābha et Vairocana, avec la déesse Prajñāpāramitā, la Vraie Substance de la Connaissance ; on trouve également Vajrapāni, Lokeśvara et Vajrasattva. La confrontation des témoignages épigraphiques et archéologiques permet de mieux appréhender le bouddhisme cam, à la croisée des routes commerciales entre l’Inde et la Chine. Cet article exploite ces témoignages dans une perspective chronologique, avec un développement particulier pour le Bouddhisme ésotérique au xe siècle.

  20. Macho Buddhism: Gender and Sexualities in the Diamond Way

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    Burkhard Scherer

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Western Tibetan Buddhist movements have been described as bourgeois and puritanical in previous scholarship. In contrast, Ole Nydahl’s convert lay Karma Kagyu Buddhist movement, the Diamond Way, has drawn attention for its apparently hedonistic style. Focussing on the interpretation of Nydahl’s approach to gender and sexualities, this paper addresses the wider issues of continuity and change during the transition of Tibetan Buddhism from Asia to the West. Nydahl’s pre-modern gender stereotyping, the hetero-machismo of the Diamond Way and the mildly homophobic tone and content of Nydahl’s teaching are interpreted on the background of Indian and Tibetan Buddhist sexual ethics and traditional Tibetan cultural attitudes on sexualities. By excavating the emic genealogy of Nydahl’s teachings, the paper suggests that Nydahl’s and the Diamond Way’s view on and performance of gender and sexualities are consistent with his propagation of convert Buddhist neo-orthodoxy.

  1. Suffering in the mystical traditions of Buddhism and Christianity

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    Jakub Urbaniak

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to explore the mystical approaches to suffering characteristic of both Buddhism and Christianity. Through the analysis of the meanings, the two traditions in question ascribe to suffering as a ‘component’ of mystical experience; it challenges the somewhat oversimplified understanding of the dichotomy ’sage-the-robot versus saint-the-sufferer’. Thus it contributes to the ongoing discussion on the theological–spiritual dimensions of the human predicament, as interpreted by various religious traditions. It also illustrates (though only implicitly in what sense – to use the Kantian distinction – the mystical experience offers boundaries (Schranken without imposing limits (Grenzen to interfaith encounter and dialogue.Man [sic] is ready and willing to shoulder any suffering, as soon and as long as he can see a meaning in it. (Frankl 1967:56

  2. Suffering in the mystical traditions of Buddhism and Christianity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakub Urbaniak

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to explore the mystical approaches to suffering characteristic of both Buddhism and Christianity. Through the analysis of the meanings, the two traditions in question ascribe to suffering as a ‘component’ of mystical experience; it challenges the somewhat oversimplified understanding of the dichotomy ’sage-the-robot versus saint-the-sufferer’. Thus it contributes to the ongoing discussion on the theological–spiritual dimensions of the human predicament, as interpreted by various religious traditions. It also illustrates (though only implicitly in what sense – to use the Kantian distinction – the mystical experience offers boundaries (Schranken without imposing limits (Grenzen to interfaith encounter and dialogue. Man [sic] is ready and willing to shoulder any suffering, as soon and as long as he can see a meaning in it. (Frankl 1967:56

  3. Pra Na Wa Ka: The Development of Training Course for Continuing Buddhism

    OpenAIRE

    Phra M.P. Romphothanthong; Wisanee Siltragool; Anchalee Chantapo

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: Buddhism is a religion that requires meditation, practice, intellectual precepts of the threefold-training such as morality, concentration and wisdom. The purpose of practicing Buddhism is the goal of deliverance through attaining knowledge and wisdom. The Pra Na Wa Ka are newly ordained monks and needed to study both of the scriptures and the practice for appreciating understanding in morality, concentration and wisdom. A training model and guidelines are needed to improve...

  4. Liang Shu-min and Buddhism%梁漱溟与佛学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文儒

    2001-01-01

    Liang Shu-min was a celebrated figure in modern Chine se history,famous for his life principle “upright and independent, honest and frank". Speaking from his academic thought, he considered the essence of his thought was Confucianism and Buddhism. From the reasons why he believed in Buddhism, his contributions to Buddhism in India and his comparisons between the Buddhism and Confucianism, one can see that Liang Shu-min's Buddhism thought was not only an ideology he accepted but also the essential motive that he practiced all his life.%梁漱溟是中国现代史上一位著名人物。他以“特立独行、一代直声”饮誉后世。在学术思想上,他自认思想的根本是儒家和佛家。从他为什么会信佛和他对印度佛学研究的贡献及对于儒佛异同的比较等几个方面,可以看出梁漱溟佛学思想不只是他终身服膺的一种思想学说,也是他一生践履的根本动力。

  5. How Is Buddhism Relevant to Career Counseling in an International High School in Hong Kong? A Counsellor's Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Vinci; Yuen, Mantak

    2015-01-01

    This paper reflects upon the relevance of Buddhism to counselling in general and to career counseling in particular by discussing a program implemented at an international school in Hong Kong. The authors provide an analysis of the pertinent literature related to relevant concepts within Buddhism. This topic has not yet been adequately researched…

  6. A Study of Gelug pa sect with comparison to Nyingma pa sect of Buddhism in Tibet

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Vijay Kumsr

    2002-01-01

    Short synopsis and layout of Chapters of the thesis entitled, “A study of Gelugpa sect with comparison to Nyingma Pa sect of Buddhism in Tibet”Around 2500 years ago, a prince of Sākya clan rose against the anguish of life & death and determined to find out the way through which these torments end. That prince was Siddhartha; and whole world came to know him by his enlightened name; Buddha; his path became famous after his name Buddhism. Centuries gone, millennium changed its numbers; still th...

  7. 杜甫与大乘佛法%Du Fu and Mahayana Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张轶男

    2014-01-01

    More than forty Du Fu’ s poems which are definitely related to Buddhism and Zen indicated his satisfaction on being a virtuous man , apprehension of the actual emptiness of existence and seeking Buddhism .we can feel that he studied more thoroughly on the Buddhism theory, seeking on the First Dogma, searching the Unsticking Minds thus showing his spiritual requirements and at the same time consciously and unconsciously carried on Returning Life theory Mahayana Buddhism has been advocating .%杜甫早年即修习禅宗法门,晚年亦“不落旁门小乘”。杜甫的生命意识与人性关怀,深契大乘义学度己度人、悲智双修的精神主张。中国大乘佛法所确立的积极人生的落脚点,转身回向的实践精神,与根植在杜甫头脑中的“民胞物与”的儒家思想不谋而合。综观杜甫一生,始终以一个精神探索者的身份,汲取佛禅智慧,一为“己”求心灵慰藉;一为“群”寻救世良方。

  8. Experiencing Change, Encountering the Unknown: An Education in "Negative Capability" in Light of Buddhism and Levinas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todd, Sharon

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a reading of the philosophies of Emmanuel Levinas and Theravada Buddhism across and through their differences in order to rethink an education that is committed to "negative capability" and the sensibility to uncertainty that this entails. In fleshing this out, I first explore Buddhist ideas of impermanence, suffering…

  9. A Comparison of Rational Emotive Therapy and Tibetan Buddhism: Albert Ellis and the Dalai Lama

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, Susan A; Austad, Carol Shaw

    2013-01-01

    This article explores conceptual and methodological similarities between Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) and Tibetan Buddhism (TB). The authors examine some of the values and concepts they share. They compare the two systems on a number of issues: philosophical underpinnings, concepts of what causes human psychopathology, techniques to…

  10. The Ethics of the "Real" In Levinas, Lacan, and Buddhism: Pedagogical Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagodzinski, Jan

    2002-01-01

    Explores the unstated ethics that exist in the silent space between teacher and students, highlighting Emmanuel Levinas, Jacques Lacan, and Buddhism. The paper uses the juxtaposition of west and east to help illuminate ethical pedagogy, and it argues that there is an unknowable dimension which raises the question of ethics in human relations that…

  11. Zen Buddhism and the Psychotherapy of Milton Erickson: A Transcendence of Theory and Self.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Susan Kelly; Forman, Bruce D.

    1989-01-01

    Compares Zen Buddhism and psychotherapy of Milton Erickson. Explores their similarities with respect to theory, change relationship between teacher/student and therapist/client, and acceptance of nature. Compares Ericksonian psychotherapy with Zen-based Morita therapy to concretize philosophical underpinnings of both systems. (Author/ABL)

  12. Climate change, economics and Buddhism. Part 2. New views and practices for sustainable world economies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daniels, Peter L. [Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, Brisbane, 4111 (Australia)

    2010-03-15

    The evidence of impending and serious climate and other consequences of an expanding world economy based on fossil carbon energy continues to accumulate. This two-part paper examines the potential contribution of the world view and insights of Buddhism to this search. It presents both a conceptual and practical case that Buddhism can help shape and move towards an alternative and effective paradigmatic basis for sustainable economies - one capable of bringing about and maintaining genuine, high welfare levels across the world's societies. The first paper outlined a comprehensive analytical framework to identify the fundamental nature of anthropogenic climate change. Based on the integration of two of the most influential environmental analysis tools of recent decades (the DPSIR model and IPAT equation), the framework was then broadened to facilitate ideas from the Buddhist world view by injecting two key missing aspects - the interrelated role of (1) beliefs and values (on goals and behavior) and (2) the nature of well-being or human happiness. Finally, the principal linkages between this climate change analysis framework and Buddhism were explored. In this concluding paper, the systems framework is used to demonstrate how Buddhist and related world views can feed into appropriate and effective responses to the impending challenges of climate change. This is undertaken by systematically presenting a specific, if indicative, list of relevant strategies informed by the understanding of interconnectedness and other basic principles about the nature of reality and human well-being as proposed in Buddhism. (author)

  13. Climate change, economics and Buddhism. Part 2. New views and practices for sustainable world economies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The evidence of impending and serious climate and other consequences of an expanding world economy based on fossil carbon energy continues to accumulate. This two-part paper examines the potential contribution of the world view and insights of Buddhism to this search. It presents both a conceptual and practical case that Buddhism can help shape and move towards an alternative and effective paradigmatic basis for sustainable economies - one capable of bringing about and maintaining genuine, high welfare levels across the world's societies. The first paper outlined a comprehensive analytical framework to identify the fundamental nature of anthropogenic climate change. Based on the integration of two of the most influential environmental analysis tools of recent decades (the DPSIR model and IPAT equation), the framework was then broadened to facilitate ideas from the Buddhist world view by injecting two key missing aspects - the interrelated role of (1) beliefs and values (on goals and behavior) and (2) the nature of well-being or human happiness. Finally, the principal linkages between this climate change analysis framework and Buddhism were explored. In this concluding paper, the systems framework is used to demonstrate how Buddhist and related world views can feed into appropriate and effective responses to the impending challenges of climate change. This is undertaken by systematically presenting a specific, if indicative, list of relevant strategies informed by the understanding of interconnectedness and other basic principles about the nature of reality and human well-being as proposed in Buddhism. (author)

  14. 佛教与东方文化%Buddhism and Oriental Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯传文

    2012-01-01

    Compared with other forms of religion, Buddhism has more cultural attributes. Buddhism, with its origin in India, not only embodies national cultural characteristics, but has also played a big role in the formation of south Asian cultural circle. The sinicization of Buddhism is the result of cultural filtration and mutation. The sinicized Buddhism played a significant role in forming east Asian cultural circle. Buddhism, which was influenced by west Asian and north African culture in its development and spread far to these two areas in its heyday, exerted some influence on Sufism of Islam. Bridging the three oriental cultural circles and having typical oriental cultural characteristics, it is an important representative of the oriental culture.%与其他宗教相比,佛教具有更多的文化属性。源于印度的佛教不仅表现了民族文化特点,而且在南亚文化圈的形成过程中起了主导作用。佛教中国化是文化过滤与文化变异的结果,汉化佛教在东亚文化圈的形成过程中发挥了重要作用。佛教在发展过程中曾经受到西亚北非文化影响,在强盛时期又远播西亚北非地区,对后起的伊斯兰教苏非派也有一定影响。佛教沟通了东方三大文化圈,表现出鲜明的东方文化特性,是东方文化的重要代表。

  15. Feminist Debate in Taiwan's Buddhism: The Issue of the Eight Garudhammas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiung Hwang Chen

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In 2001, during an academic conference on Humanistic Buddhism in Taipei, Venerable Shi Zhaohui, accompanied by a few Buddhist clergy and laypeople, tore apart a copy of the Eight Garudhammas (Eight Heavy Rules, regulations that govern the behavior of Buddhist nuns. Zhaohui's symbolic act created instant controversy as Taiwan's Buddhist community argued about the rules' authenticity and other issues within Buddhist monastic affairs. This paper examines the debate over the Eight Garudhammas and situates the debate within Taiwan's cultural terrain as well as the worldwide Buddhist feminist movement. I argue that while Zhaohui's call resulted in the abolishment of the rules neither at home nor abroad, it profoundly affected nuns' position in Buddhism and contributed to broader discussions on women and religion. In making this argument, I revisit the impact of Western feminism (and Western Buddhist feminists on Eastern religions and reconsider the tensions this relationship encompasses.

  16. Down-to-Earth Zen: Zen Buddhism in Japanese Manga and Movies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Porcu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes some examples of the interconnections between Zen Buddhism and popular culture, notably manga and movies. In particular, it explores the recent manga Bōzu days (2007–2011 and the movies Fancy Dance (1989 and Abraxas matsuri (2010. In these works, Zen’s everyday and down-to-earth character comes to the fore, while zazen meditation occupies a relatively small place. As amply explored by scholarly works over the last few decades, the former aspect is usually overlooked in Zen presentations in the West while the latter is in line with a view of this religious tradition that has been adapted for its dissemination outside of Japan. My analysis aims to shed light on how aspects of popular culture employ Zen Buddhist features to create commercial products that are meant to reach a wide audience, and how Zen Buddhism is represented in these products.

  17. The Spread and Development of Jonang Lineage of Tibetan Buddhism to Sichuan Tibetan Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Yinlin

    2016-01-01

    Jonang is one of schools of Tibetan Buddhism. In the writings of the historians, Jo-nang is listed after Nyingma, Kadam, Skya, Kag-gu, and Gelug, or is even listed with the smaller lineages, such as chod, gcod-Yulh, and shalu. However, its “zhentong”( view of the emptiness of others) , as “an unique idea on the emptiness in Tibetan Buddhism”, has attracted the attention of many scholars.

  18. Feminist Debate in Taiwan's Buddhism: The Issue of the Eight Garudhammas

    OpenAIRE

    Chiung Hwang Chen

    2011-01-01

    In 2001, during an academic conference on Humanistic Buddhism in Taipei, Venerable Shi Zhaohui, accompanied by a few Buddhist clergy and laypeople, tore apart a copy of the Eight Garudhammas (Eight Heavy Rules), regulations that govern the behavior of Buddhist nuns. Zhaohui's symbolic act created instant controversy as Taiwan's Buddhist community argued about the rules' authenticity and other issues within Buddhist monastic affairs. This paper examines the debate over the Eight Garudhammas an...

  19. Filial piety in Chinese Buddhism = Zhongguo fo jiao de xiao dao guan

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, Ho-ming; 鄭可萌

    2014-01-01

    Filial piety is regarded the most fundamental values of the Chinese culture, and the root of all good virtues. When Buddhism first came to China, it faced the criticisms from Chinese scholars, especially from the Confucianism, the dominant ideology of Chinese society, on ethical grounds. Confucian scholars criticized the life of Buddhist monks, who were required to leave their homes and families, shave their heads, and live in celibacy, was incompatible with the Confucian practice of filial pi...

  20. Chen Yingning and Buddhism%陈撄宁与佛教

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭武

    2015-01-01

    Abstract As an advocate of the xianxue (theory of Celestial Beings)in Republican China,Chen Yingning had a close relationship with Buddhism.In his early years he had read the Buddhist sutra extensively and had promoted the integration of Confucianism,Buddhism and Taoism.After 1936 he began to work for the independence of the xianxue.In the 1940s,Chen reconsidered his early theory about xianxue,and turned to Buddhism once again.Chen's reasons for advocating the independence of the xianxue and even urging its separation from Buddhism consist in his disappointment with traditional Taoism and his dissatisfaction with the criticism from Buddhism,as well as in the impact of the �New Cultural Movement�upon Chinese traditional religions.As for his later reduced discussions on xianxue and reflection on his early opinion,three matters may suffice to explain the effect of the generosity and tolerance of Monk Taixu,the impact of the death of Chen's wife,and his complex feelings to traditional Taoism.%民国时期“仙学”代表人物陈撄宁曾与佛教有着密切的关系。他早年曾遍览佛藏,主张“三教一贯”,后则倡导“仙学独立”。二十世纪四十年代,陈撄宁曾对其早期倡导的“仙学”有所反思,再度亲近佛教。陈撄宁之所以极力主张“仙学独立”乃至“仙佛判决”,除起因于对传统道教的失望以及对佛教批评的不满,可能还有二十世纪初传统宗教遭受“新文化运动”冲击的缘故;至于后来陈撄宁减少有关“仙学”的议论并对“仙学独立”有所反思,则一方面是“感于”佛教太虚法师的“洪度雅量”,另一方面也可能受其夫人吴彝珠患病离世的影响,同时还与他对于传统道教的“纠结”情结有关。

  1. The Northern Dynasties Buddhism and Social Relief%中古北朝佛教与社会救济

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莽萍

    2012-01-01

    The prevailing of Buddhism in Medieval Times not only brought force a prosperous Buddhism status and craft of sutra, but also produced the important Buddhism relief cause. Buddhism was transmitted to China, it provided transcendent theology system and unique systematic explanation to the universe, and its complete and delicate ethic system played a supplementary role to the ethic morality that advocated Confucianism as the main Chinese morality. In practice, Buddhism provided the possibility to the mass to actively take part in public life.%中古时期,佛教盛行,不仅佛教造像刻经发达,也产生了重要的佛教救济事业。佛教传入中国社会,不仅为中土提供了超验的神学体系和独特的宇宙解释系统,而且其完整精致、充满同情的伦理价值体系对于中国社会以儒学为主的伦理道德也起到重要的补充作用。在现实层面,佛教则为民众主动参与公共生活提供了可能性。

  2. The Analysis of Confucian Followers Understanding of Gods in Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism in Bangka Island - Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugiato Lim

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is a multi-ethnic, multi-culture, and multi-faith country. This piece of land combines a lot of ethnic elements into one. For example, Confucianism in Indonesia is combination of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism characteristic in many ways. Aim of this paper is to find out the features of Confucianism as a religion or a belief for its followers in Bangka. In addition, this paper also focuses on finding out the followers view towards their Gods in their perspectives. In this article, classification of Gods in Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism is presented based on direct social observation. In this paper, analysis of Confucian followers understanding towards Gods in Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism in Bangka Island Indonesia is presented respectively. In conclusion, characteristics of these three religions have blended perfectly and there is no more distinction in Confucius, Buddhist or Taoism Gods in Confucian followers community in Bangka Island.

  3. STUDY ON THE PHILOSOPHY AND ARCHITECTURE OF ZEN BUDDHISM IN JAPAN : On syncretism religion and monastery arrangement plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antariksa Antariksa

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Zen Buddhism was introduced to China in the sixth century. After going through a long process in China, finally Zen came to Japan in the thirteenth century brought by Japanese monks. A unique spiritual genius one of the greatest epoch-making events in the history of mankind, which in the course of time has come to enrich the human mind over many centuries. During the process of spreading of Zen Buddhism there were influences experienced by two Chinese great religions, Tao and Confucian. This study will discuss the philosophy and architectural aspects of the Zen monastery arrangement plan. Zen Buddhism is syncretism from Taoism and Confucianism.The layout plan of the Zen monastery temple principally was placed on a single axis and facing south. The typical layout plan was borrowed from the architecture of the Chinese monastery.

  4. Critical Comments on Brian Victoria's "Engaged Buddhism: Skeleton in the Closet?"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koichi Miyata

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In "Engaged Buddhism: A Skeleton in the Closet?" (Vol. 2 Brian Daizen Victoria claims, among other things, that Tsunesaburo Makiguchi (1871-1944, founder of the Soka Kyoiku Gakkai (forebear of the Soka Gakkai and Soka Gakkai International, was an active supporter of the Japanese wars of aggression. In this response, Koichi Miyata argues that Victoria's claims rest on the highly selective use of quotes, and ignore key interpretative issues associated with Japanese imperial fascism and its underlying belief structures. Miyata discusses the significance of Makiguchi's arrest and imprisonment under a law specifically aimed at opponents of the war efforts, in his analysis of critical lapses in Victoria's article.

  5. Zhang Hu and Buddhism and Taoism%张祜与佛道

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘佩德

    2011-01-01

    As a scholar from the lower class in the late Tang characteristics of people in the Tang Dynasty-to ease the depression which is also the tree value of the poet. Dynasty, Zhang Hu still embodies the of the mind with the Buddhism and the common Taoism.%作为中晚唐时期的下层文人,在张祜的身上仍然体现着整个唐代的共同特性:以佛道来缓解心灵的压抑。而这种共同性,也正是诗人的真正价值所在。

  6. STUDY ON THE PHILOSOPHY AND ARCHITECTURE OF ZEN BUDDHISM IN JAPAN : On syncretism religion and monastery arrangement plan

    OpenAIRE

    Antariksa Antariksa

    2002-01-01

    Zen Buddhism was introduced to China in the sixth century. After going through a long process in China, finally Zen came to Japan in the thirteenth century brought by Japanese monks. A unique spiritual genius one of the greatest epoch-making events in the history of mankind, which in the course of time has come to enrich the human mind over many centuries. During the process of spreading of Zen Buddhism there were influences experienced by two Chinese great religions, Tao and Confucian. This ...

  7. Skeptic Spirituality or the Accidental Buddhism of Machado de Assis's O Segredo do Bonzo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilip Loundo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present article is to support the idea that Machado de Assis’ work conforms well to what may be called a non-religious spirituality. For that, the article’s main focus is the analysis of the short story “O Segredo do Bonzo: Capítulo Inédito de Fernão Mendes Pinto”, published in 1882’s collection titled Papéis Avulsos, where the main principles of that spirituality, which is spread all over his work,  are given in a nutshell. In a first moment, we analise the intertextuality between Machado’s short story “O Segredo do Bonzo” and Portuguese Renaissance writer’s travelogue Peregrinação and the Machado’s nineteen century critique of the west’s main universalizing proposals: Christianity, scientificity and Enlightenment. In a second moment, we analise the philosophical implications of the primacy given to ‘opinion’ as an existential foundation and as a constitutive element of reality, in a context of close proximity with the soteriological traditions of ancient Greek skepticism, on the one hand, and Buddhism, on the other. A critic of religion, specially of Christian religion, Machado’s  ‘accidental’ association with Buddhism is symptomatic of a very peculiar form of non-religious spirituality.

  8. Disentangling the neural mechanisms involved in Hinduism- and Buddhism-related meditations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomasino, Barbara; Chiesa, Alberto; Fabbro, Franco

    2014-10-01

    The most diffuse forms of meditation derive from Hinduism and Buddhism spiritual traditions. Different cognitive processes are set in place to reach these meditation states. According to an historical-philological hypothesis (Wynne, 2009) the two forms of meditation could be disentangled. While mindfulness is the focus of Buddhist meditation reached by focusing sustained attention on the body, on breathing and on the content of the thoughts, reaching an ineffable state of nothigness accompanied by a loss of sense of self and duality (Samadhi) is the main focus of Hinduism-inspired meditation. It is possible that these different practices activate separate brain networks. We tested this hypothesis by conducting an activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. The network related to Buddhism-inspired meditation (16 experiments, 263 subjects, and 96 activation foci) included activations in some frontal lobe structures associated with executive attention, possibly confirming the fundamental role of mindfulness shared by many Buddhist meditations. By contrast, the network related to Hinduism-inspired meditation (8 experiments, 54 activation foci and 66 subjects) triggered a left lateralized network of areas including the postcentral gyrus, the superior parietal lobe, the hippocampus and the right middle cingulate cortex. The dissociation between anterior and posterior networks support the notion that different meditation styles and traditions are characterized by different patterns of neural activation. PMID:24975229

  9. 佛教的生命健康观刍议%Humble Opinion on Buddhism Life and Health Views

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯小林

    2013-01-01

    Thinking about life and birth and death is the important reason of the origin of religion and Buddhism. Buddhism makes up its life and health view on the base of doctrinairism and origin theory round the thought of life and birth and death. Buddhism's life can be divided into macroscopical and microcosmic life and health view. The two kinds of views become one of Buddhism's life and health views, which show certain social and effective worth today.%对生命和生死的思考是宗教起源的重要原因,同样也是佛教产生的重要原因.佛教围绕着生命和生死的思考,在其“空论”和“缘起论”的核心主张基础上建构了自己的生命健康观,可以分为大生命健康观和小生命健康观.两种生命健康观彼此依存共成一体,在当前社会具有较大的价值和功用.

  10. “The First Buddhist Priest on the Baltic Coast”: Karlis Tennison and the Introduction of Buddhism in Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mait Talts

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Karlis Tennison(s is an essential, although controversial figure inthe history of Buddhism in Estonia and Latvia. He was, without doubt, the first to disseminate Buddhism in the Baltic countries and also one of the earliest disseminators of Buddhism in Eastern Europe. Karl August Tõnisson, born in 1883 near Põltsamaa, Estonia, later repeatedly changed his biography (for example, transformed from an Estonian to a Latvian and simultaneously became ten years older. The article focuses on the development of his ideas. All his books and other publications, which are modest in volume and usually self-published, were issued between 1909–1916 and 1925–1930. The development of his views can be divided into three main periods: the pre-Buddhist period (before 1911; the ‘theosophical Buddhist’ period (1911–1916 and the period of ego-Buddhism or neopaganism (1925–1930. Around 1910–1911 Tennison ultimately converts to Buddhism. As he did not identify with any particular school, we may call him an ‘abstract’ Buddhist. In 1925 Tennison published a book in Latvian and from 1928 to 1930 three books in Estonian. In the publications of this period, Tennison retreats from the principles of Buddhism and allots more space to the glorification of his own personality and to criticism of Christianity, which was typical of neopaganism popular in Europe at the period. One of the most peculiar ideas in Tennison’s books is that of the Pan-Baltonian Empire. In that period Tennison also began to disseminate his view that Estonians’, Latvians’ and Lithuanians’ pre-Christian beliefs were somewhat similar to the religious and philosophical systems of India in the Vedic period, which, in the present-day world, are represented in their purest form in Buddhism.In 1930, Tennison, accompanied by Friedrich V. Lustig, left the Baltics and a year later also Europe, settling for the period 1932–1949 in the Kingdom of Siam. After leaving the Baltics, Tennison

  11. THE ADOPTION OF BUDDHISM'S PRINCIPLES AS A MEANS OF IMPROVING PHYSICIANS' WORK WITH TERMINALLY ILL PATIENTS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Ruth

    2014-10-01

    The medical approach as summarized by Leibowitz--"We must treat the person, not just the disease"--highlights the importance of treating the sick person and not only the illness' pathology. This approach calls for healing not only the physical side, but also--and mainly--the mental aspect of the patient. One of the goals of this article is to turn physicians' attention towards the compassion necessary in treating a person with a severe or chronic illness, or a person who is dying--precisely because sometimes there is no medical cure for the physical state of such a patient. Therefore, physicians' attention does need to be directed to providing emotional assistance to such a patient. Sometimes, the emotional strength the patient draws from the medical team that is treating him can change his view of, and approach to, the illness, and can enable his body to muster the emotional strength necessary to deal with his situation. Buddhism's approach enables the sick patient to experience his illness in a different way, by making peace with one's situation and, sometimes, even viewing the situation differently--viewing the illness as a type of renewal. Buddhism, therefore, enables a sick person to choose a different point of view when his energy is exhausted and he loses hope, providing quality of life to patients. In such a situation, a sick person finds emotional strength in the knowledge that the end of his life is actually a renewal somewhere else. The limited life expectancy of the terminally ill patient demands that he be able to spend his time with minimal concerns and worries, and does not leave much time for treating the emotional side--the patient's fear. In light of this fact, the patient's ability to look ahead and grasp at hope is the most important issue. As much as possible, this is accomplished in an atmosphere of acceptance and with the absence, or reduction, of fear. The freedom to decide for oneself how to behave, according to one's own approach, is what

  12. The practice of mindfulness: from Buddhism to secular mainstream in a post-secular society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liselotte Frisk

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the practice of mindfulness, which has migrated from being part of a religion, Buddhism, to being an integral part of Western psychology. Mindfulness is especially used in cognitive behavioural therapy, but also in, e.g., dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT. In Sweden several doctors, psychologists and psychiatrists use and recommend mindfulness for therapeutic purposes. Mindfulness is used today in many segments of mainstream medical and therapeutic care. Mindfulness is also used outside the mainstream medical and therapeutic sector, in the area of personal development or spirituality, as well as in more traditional Buddhist groups and innovative Buddhist groups such as vipassana groups. This paper investigates the migration of mindfulness from a religious to a secular sphere, and discusses whether mindfulness is a religious practice or not.

  13. Buddhism and Ancient Chinese Novel%佛教与中国古代小说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹艺桦

    2013-01-01

    "Fiction"appeared in the "zhuangzi"at the first time and reached peak in the dynasties of Ming and Qing .Ancient Chinese novels have a history of thousands of years .During this time,we can feel a mysterious force which has been always throughout this period of history.It's the fantastic force that Buddhism affacted Chinese novel .The religion transmitted from foreign countries was accepted because of its own mysterious character .This paper will discuss that ancient Chinese novel was affacted by Buddhism at the three aspect of character shaping , plot and artistic expression.%从《庄子?外物》中首先提出“小说”这个名称,到明清时期的长篇小说的顶峰成就,中国古代小说经历了上千年的发展历史。在这幅历史长卷中,我们可以感受到一股神秘的力量一直贯穿着这段历史的始终,这股带有奇幻色彩的力量就是佛教对中国小说的影响。这个由外域传入的宗教,因其自身的神异特点而被人们接受,小说就从这里开始受到它的作用。本文从小说的人物塑造、情节内容和艺术表现三个方面谈谈佛教对中国古代小说的影响。

  14. King Asoka Temple and the Origin of Buddhism in Vietnam%阿育王的塔寺与越南佛教起源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮春宏

    2012-01-01

    雄王时代褚童子学佛道之说及一些出土的古文物、民间传说、留迹文物等资料在一定程度上说明公元前2世纪之前佛教开始传到越南。本文依据古代历史文献中记载的阿育王建筑佛寺塔与越南佛教的关系及一些相关材料,来讨论阿育王时代印度佛教在越南的传播,既有助于越南佛教历史研究,也为中、越佛教的关系研究提供了某些有益的启示。%Pertaining to the study of the origin of Buddhism in Vietnam,the majority of domestic and foreign scholars agree that Vietnamese Buddhism stems from China;and the consensus is that especially in the second century,Mou Zi played a key role in the process.But that point of view is not taken as accurate and sufficient data has proven that Buddhism had already been introduced to Vietnam before the second century B.C.based on the story of Chu Dong Tu learning Buddhist scriptures in the Hung Vuong era,some excavated cultural relics,folk tales,etc.By analyzing the relationship between tales about temples or pagodas built by the order of King Asoka and the development of Vietnamese Buddhism,and in light of other relevant materials,this paper presents a discussion on the dissemination and transmission of Indian Buddhism in Vietnam,which will not only conduce to historical researches on Vietnamese Buddhism but also provide some beneficial enlightenment to researches on the relationship between Chinese Buddhism and Vietnamese Buddhism.

  15. The influence of Buddhism on Chinese culture%佛教对中国文化的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵爽

    2013-01-01

    文化是人类社会的遗产,与宗教互相渗透影响。研究佛教对中国文化的影响有助于促进东西方交流。佛教与汉语、社会行为、艺术与文学有着根深蒂固的渊源。了解宗教与文化之间的联系有助于更好地促进跨文化交际。%Culture can be considered as the entire social heritage of man, which is greatly intervened with religion. It is helpful for us to know Buddhism and its influence on Chinese culture. This paper expounds the relationship between Buddhism and Chinese language、social practices、art and literature. The purpose of this paper is to find the significance of such connec-tions to facilitate communication.

  16. Freedom of Religion in Islam and Buddhism: A Comparison Study of the Barriers That Determines the Freedom of Religion

    OpenAIRE

    Mutsalim Khareng; Jaffary Awang; Zaizul Ab. Rahman; Rohanee Machae; Khaidzir Ismail

    2014-01-01

    Freedom of religion is the human right that supports the individual to choose and practice a religion or belief. In the context of a multiracial society, freedom of religion should be debated openly to avoid any misunderstanding that distracts from harmonious social living. This research is a comparative study that focuses on the principles that determine the barriers of freedom of religion between Islam and Buddhism. For means of accuracy and relevancy of information, the researcher adopts t...

  17. On Literary Thought and Buddhism in the Song Dynasty%论宋代文艺思想与佛教

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张培锋

    2014-01-01

    佛教对宋代的学术、文化思想产生了深刻的影响,这已成为学术界的共识。宋代之前,尚没有哪个朝代的文学理论如此广泛而深刻地受到佛教思想的影响,而且实现了融会贯通。宋代的佛教已非单纯属于一种外来文化,它已经与中国的儒家、道家、阴阳家等思想融合为一体。宋代佛教是经过文化整合后而形成的中国化的佛教,有着明显的向中国传统文化复归的倾向。儒家深厚的文化根基为中国佛教的发展提供了一种无法摆脱也不可超越的文化基因,而佛教博大的思想体系则将这种基因发扬光大,或者赋予其一种全新的内涵。两者相辅相成,相互促进。宋代儒佛能够在深层次上实现贯通的最根本原因在于:唐宋之后的中国大乘佛教将世界根源归之于“心”这一核心概念。“心”的概念始成为儒学理论的重要概念,而宋代儒学最终由“道学”转向“心学”也证明了佛教的这一影响。有关文艺思想,宋代佛教界所作的阐发甚至较之儒家学者更早,对当时整个思想界产生的震动和影响是巨大的,这包括宋代佛教的“思无邪”说、佛教与艺术中和观、清雅艺术观念和风气的形成等等。%It is a consensus in academia that in the Song dynasty,Buddhism had a profound effect on all areas of academic and cultural ideas.Facts of the world of academic history development have proven that a kind of religion or philosophy thought often go through several generations,even hundreds of years to generate affect on other areas.As a kind of foreign culture,although introduced into China in the Eastern Han dynasty,and Buddhism sinicization highlighting sect of Buddhism had already been established in the Sui and Tang dynasties,before the Song dynasty however,there was no literary theory so extensively and profoundly influenced by Buddhism thought,and realized the di-gestion.Buddhism

  18. Buddhism and the formation of the religious body: a Foucauldian approach

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    Malcolm Voyce

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Poststructuralist debates around the body have demonstrated how our knowledge of the body is constituted in specific cultural and historical circumstances and in the context of particular relations of power. This article develops this approach to the body in Buddhism and thus attempts to show how the body has been represented within different discourses in Buddhist texts. Implicit in this account is the remedying of the failure in some Buddhist scholarship to recognise different types of bodies (negative and positive and to show how these aspects of the body, as enumerated by texts, operate together to constitute forms of identities capable of being constituted within different historical moments out of the pressure of new social and material changes. At the same time the body is seen as being capable of self modification in terms of that discourse. The term ‘body’ is used here in the sense that it implies not only a physical aspect (flesh, bones, liquids etc., but that it is connected to various cognitive and emotional capacities as outlined in the khandhas (see below explanation of the human constitution. The author's concern in his treatment of the body is to avoid the problems of psychological analysis, as this form of analysis often implies the existence of a psyche or soul along with the ideas of complete individual self-determination.

  19. Research of the Social Function on Ethical Moral of Buddhism%佛教伦理道德的社会功能及当代价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金建锋

    2012-01-01

    The ethical moral of Buddhism guides people to the moral action which is used to deal with something and the moral relation in practice.The ethical moral of Buddhism include five dots.These root in many ideas.The ethical moral of Buddhism has the especial social functions.%佛教伦理道德是指佛教伦理指导处理人与人之间在实践中所应有的道德行为和人们之间的道德关系。佛教伦理道德包含的内容十分丰富。佛教伦理道德与其它宗教伦理道德社会功能相比,既有特殊性也有共性。在和谐社会中,佛教伦理道德具有很强的当代价值。

  20. Buddhist Philosophy: A Study of Buddha Images for Perpetuating Buddhism in Isan Society

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    Thidarat Duangsin

    2011-01-01

    the usefulness of Buddhist Philosophy for daily life and perpetuation of Buddhism in Isan society (Northeast society of Thailand.

  1. 南朝祭祀与佛教%The Sacrifice in the Southern Dynasties and Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏德美

    2012-01-01

    Buddhistic vegetarianism has influence of Buddhistic vegetarianism, some c far-reaching influence on traditional Chinese culture. Under the hanges took place in traditional Chinese sacrifice during the period of the Southern Dynasties. People started to offer vegetarian sacrifices at funerals and national ancestral temples. These changes have some influence on the later generations, but don' t last long in terms of large scope. And this just reflects the leading position of Confucian rituals changes are recorded in the historical tive stands. materials and books of Buddhism, in traditional Chinese society. These and these records reflect their respective stands.%佛教素食对中国传统文化影响深远,表现之一就是南朝时期在佛教素食观的影响下,中国传统的祭祀曾发生过一些变化,在丧礼和国家宗庙天地祭祀中都出现了用蔬食祭祀的现象。这些变化对后世有一定影响,但从大的范围看,并没有持续太长的时间,这恰好反映了儒家礼制在中国传统社会的主导地位。佛教方面的史料和正史对这些变化都有一定的记载,这些记载反映了各自不同的立场。

  2. The Analysis of Confucian Followers Understanding of Gods in Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism in Bangka Island - Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sugiato Lim

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia is a multi-ethnic, multi-culture, and multi-faith country. This piece of land combines a lot of ethnic elements into one. For example, Confucianism in Indonesia is combination of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism characteristic in many ways. Aim of this paper is to find out the features of Confucianism as a religion or a belief for its followers in Bangka. In addition, this paper also focuses on finding out the followers view towards their Gods in their perspectives. In this articl...

  3. Buddhist Contribution to the Socialist Transformation of Buddhism in China: Activities of Ven. Juzan during 1949–1953

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    Xue Yu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the role played by Chinese Buddhists, especially the so-called "progressive Buddhists," in the socialist transformation of the sangha at the early stage of the People’s Republic of China (PRC. I concentrate on the case of Ven. Juzan (1908–1984. While the focus on one individual does not reveal the whole story about Chinese Buddhists’ involvement in the Chinese Communist Party’s project of reshaping the sangha, the career of Juzan does provide a window on the issue. By exploring various sources, including Modern Buddhist Studies (Xiandai foxue and government documents, I investigate how Juzan urged his fellow Buddhists to work with the Communist leadership, and how he justified government policies on Buddhism by reinterpreting Buddhist doctrines. In so doing, this study intends to show that Chinese Buddhists’ collaboration with the Communist regime was a significant dimension of the socialist transformation of the Chinese sangha, a process that laid the foundation for full-scale persecution of Buddhism during the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976.

  4. "All Beings Are Equally Embraced By Amida Buddha": Jodo Shinshu Buddhism and Same-Sex Marriage in the United States

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    Jeff Wilson

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Ministers in the Buddhist Churches of America (BCA began performing same-sex marriages approximately forty years ago. These were among the first clergy-led religious ceremonies for same-sex couples performed in the modern era, and were apparently the first such marriages conducted in the history of Buddhism. In this article, I seek to explain why Jodo Shinshu Buddhists in America widely and easily affirmed same-sex weddings in the later 20th and early 21st centuries. My argument is that there are three factors in particular—institutional, historical, and theological elements of American Shin Buddhism—that must be attended to as contributing reasons why ministers were supportive of same-sex marriage.

  5. 23 March 2015 - Tree planting ceremony Chemin Auguer, by His Holiness the XIIth Gyalwang Drukpa and CERN Director-General, on the occasion of the event Connecting Worlds: Science Meets Buddhism Great Minds, Great Matters.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2015-01-01

    23 March 2015 - Tree planting ceremony Chemin Auguer, by His Holiness the XIIth Gyalwang Drukpa and CERN Director-General, on the occasion of the event Connecting Worlds: Science Meets Buddhism Great Minds, Great Matters.

  6. Historical Background of Buddhism Dissemination and Its Evolution Characteristics in Xin Jiang%新疆佛教传播的历史背景与嬗变特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李崇新

    2012-01-01

    新疆是我国历史上佛教传入最早的地区,也是古代印度和中亚佛教传入中原的重要桥梁和纽带。新疆佛教传入的主要历史背景,分别是是印度孔雀王朝阿育王时代和中亚贵霜王朝迦尼色加王时代的对外弘法活动。新疆佛教经历了具有鲜明特征的三个发展阶段,一是佛教兴起,占据统治地位的阶段,二是伊斯兰教兴起,与佛教此消彼长的阶段,三是伊斯兰教占据统治地位,佛教虽然走向衰落,但仍然以新的形式顽强生存的阶段。%Xin Jiang was among the first to know Buddhism in China and meanwhile acted as an important bridge and link between inland China, ancient India and central Asia Buddhism. The chief historical background concerning introduction of Buddhism in Xin Jiang was related to Buddhism promotion in Maurya Dynasty in India and Kushan Empire in Central Asia. Buddhism went through three distinctly characterized stages in Xin Jiang, namely, the rise to domination of Buddhism, the rise and rival replacement of Islam and Buddhism, the rise of Islam to domination, in the last of which Buddhism declined and yet still managed to survive in new forms.

  7. 《牟子理惑论》中所见的老子∗%Lao Tze Presented in Mou Zi's Understanding of Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王启发

    2015-01-01

    《弘明集》首篇《牟子理惑论》中出现的老子,有三种形式,一是称引《老子》中的话语,二是称述老子名氏和著述以代表其学说,三是讲到老子的外在形象。在称引《老子》话语的内容上,其中有关于老子“道”、“无为”思想的借用,来解说佛教存在的价值;还有从道家生命哲学及生死观的角度,说明佛老的相通及其与道教养生术的差别。从《牟子理惑论》本身来看,道家老子的学说在其中就成为既值得继续弘扬,又可以与外来传入的佛教共存,当然也还有儒家孔子所代表的思想学说,三教共存乃至三教合一就成为其突出的主题思想。%Lao Tze presented in MouZi's Understanding of Buddhism,the first part of Hung-ming Ji,saw its appearance in three different forms,including the quotations from Lao-zi,statement about the name and the works of Lao Tze on his doctrine,and finally,the image of Lao Tze .The idea of"Taoism"and"inaction"quoted from Lao-zi effectively demonstrates the value of Buddhism.From the perspective of life philosophy and the view of life and death in Taoism ,there explains the common themes between Buddhism and Taoism by Lao Tze ,as well the difference between those two and Taoism health.In terms of Mou Zi's Understanding of Buddhism,the theory of Lao Tze is such a great doctrine that it coexists with Buddhism and Confucianism,which has been energetically carried forward.Thus,the coexistence,even the combination of these three religions turns out to be the main thought of Mou Zi's Understanding of Buddhism.

  8. Are religious beliefs and practices of Buddhism associated with disability and salivary cortisol in office workers with chronic low back pain?

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    Sooksawat Annop

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Low back pain (LBP is common among office workers. A number of studies have established a relationship between Christianity and physical and mental health outcomes among chronic pain patients. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the religious beliefs and practices of Buddhism and disability and psychological stress in office workers with chronic LBP. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a self-administered questionnaire delivered by hand to 463 office workers with chronic LBP. Saliva samples were collected from a randomly selected sub-sample of respondents (n=96. Disability due to LBP was assessed using the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire and psychological stress was assessed based on salivary cortisol. Two hierarchical regression models were built to determine how much variance in disability and psychological stress could be explained by religious beliefs and practices of Buddhism variables after controlling for potential confounder variables. Results Only 6% of variance in psychological stress was accounted for by the religious beliefs and practices of Buddhism. Those with high religiousness experienced lower psychological stress. No association between the religious beliefs and practices of Buddhism and disability level was found. Depressive symptoms were attributed to both psychological stress and disability status in our study population. Conclusions The findings suggest that, although being religious may improve the psychological condition in workers with chronic LBP, its effect is insufficient to reduce disability due to illness. Further research should examine the role of depression as a mediator of the effect of psychological stress on disability in patients with chronic LBP.

  9. Suitable Assimilation Model of Culture, Beliefs and Rites Concerning Deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism for Peace of Thai Society in Bangkok and Circumferences

    OpenAIRE

    Phra M.K. Kaewchaiya; Suoneth Photisan; Makhawin Purisuttamo

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: At present, Thai society widely assimilates culture, beliefs and rites concerning deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism by worshipping the deity images at the temples or the abodes of gods in Bangkok and circumferences. A typical worship is to pray the deity for help. As a matter of fact, people should help themselves first and use a prayer as willpower. The purpose of this research were these; (1) to investigate the background of culture, belief and rites concerning dei...

  10. 甘孜州藏传佛教文化与旅游%On the Tibetan Buddhism Culture and Tourism in Garze Prefecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓建萍

    2014-01-01

    The Tibetan Buddhism , as a main religious culture in Garze prefecture , has many sects or schools with abundant cultural accumulation .The tourism resources in that area , including the natural scenes, ethnic customs , tourism aesthetics , and tourism subjects are closely related to the Tibetan Bud-dhism culture .Therefore , the development of tourism industry and tourism products in Garze prefecture should take the Tibetan Buddhism culture into consideration , and make it serve to the tourism industry . This method will be much significance to the culture connotations and the design of creative products .%甘孜州宗教文化以藏传佛教为主体,历史悠久,教派众多,文化积淀丰厚。藏传佛教与甘孜旅游相辅相成,与自然景观、民族风情、旅游审美、旅游主体追求紧密相连。甘孜旅游经济发展、旅游产品开发过程中深入挖掘藏传佛教中相关因素,使其服务于旅游,对于增强甘孜旅游的文化内涵,形成文化旅游创意产品具有十分重要的意义。

  11. 马克斯·韦伯论藏传佛教%Max Weber’ s Theory on Tibetan Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚辉

    2014-01-01

    马克斯·韦伯是古典时代的社会理论大师中唯一曾经正面研究过藏传佛教的人。他主要分析了藏传佛教中的圣徒崇拜现象,对活佛转世制度、教会制度和知识与救赎关系都有着系统的见解;还分析了西藏政治与宗教的关系,指出了西藏双重政权的合作是西藏文化得以保存和发扬的必要条件。%Max Weber is the only scholar studied the Tibetan Buddhism among classical masters of social theory.We-ber analyzed the Tibetan Buddhist saint worship, living Buddha reincarnation system, temple system and the relationship between knowledge and redemption .Max Weber also analyzed the relationship between politics and religion in Tibet, pointed out the cooperation of Tibet dual regime is a necessary condition to preserve Tibetan culture and carry forward.

  12. 佛教心理学的基本范畴%The Fundamental Concepts of Buddhism Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕国材

    2012-01-01

    佛教是世界主要的宗教之一。其思想博大精深、奥妙无穷,佛教心理学思想也十分丰富。佛教心理学的八对基本范畴,即属于基本观点的有心身论与心物论,认识心理—知虑论与知行论,意向心理—情欲论与思行论,个性心理—性习论与智能论,阐述佛教心理学的八对范畴各自的性质及其关系具有积极意义。%Buddhism is one of the six main religions in the world. It is extensive, profound, and infinite subtlety, with rich psychological thoughts. In this paper, four pairs fundamental concepts meaning and relations were researched, including mind-body theory and mind-matter theory in basic the basic topics, perception -thinking theory and knowingdoing theory in cognition psychology, affections -desires theory and thinking- doing theory in intention psychology,natureculture theory and mentality-ability theory in personality psychology.

  13. Characteristics of PM10 and PM2.5 at Mount Wutai Buddhism Scenic Spot, Shanxi, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhihui Wu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A survey was conducted to effectively investigate the characteristics of airborne particulate pollutants PM10 and PM2.5 during the peak tourist season at Mount Wutai Buddhism scenic spot, Shanxi, China. Characteristics of the PM10 and PM2.5 in Wu Ye Temple (core incense burners, Manjusri Temple (a traffic hub, Yang Bai Lin Village (a residential district, and Nan Shan Temple (located in a primitive forest district, were determined. The results showed that the PM10 concentration was more than 1.01–1.14 times higher than the threshold (50 μg/m3 of World Health Organization Air Quality Guidelines (2005, and the PM2.5 concentration was 1.75–2.70 times higher than the above standard (25 μg/m3. Particle size analysis indicated that the distribution of fine particulate matter in Wu Ye Temple ranged from 0 to 3.30 μm. In other sampling points, the fine particulate was mainly distributed in the range of 0–5.90 μm. The particulates in Wu Ye Temple were mainly characterized by spherical, rod-like, and irregular soot aggregates (PM10 and spherical particles of dust (PM2.5. Manjusri Temple and Yang Bai Lin Village predominantly exhibited irregular soil mineral particulate matter (PM10, and amorphous ultrafine soot particulate matter (PM2.5.

  14. Evolution of the Five-Buddha Images in Esoteric Buddhism with Chinese Characteristics at Dunhuang and Thoughts on Dharmakaya%敦煌显密五方佛图像的转变与法身思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷光明

    2014-01-01

    敦煌佛教一直以汉传体系的佛教为主流,随着唐密的兴起,密教逐渐将一些显教的神祇及其功能移植到密教经典中,开始吸收或利用显教的图像内容和构图形式。密教中央法身大日如来化现四方佛的义理与华严毗卢遮那佛化现“十方三世诸如来”的法身思想有一致性,密教五方佛是以大乘经典和图像为基础组织起来的神祇系统,敦煌石窟为我们展示了这一图像发展、演化过程。说明显密结合、显体密用是敦煌密教发展的主流,而敦煌显密五方佛图像的转变就是显体密用的一个典型例证。%Buddhism with Han Chinese characteristics has always constituted the mainstream of Dunhuang Buddhism. With the rise of the Tang Tantra, a few gods of exoteric Buddhism, together with the content and compositions, were absorbed into esoteric Buddhism. The doctrine of the Esoteric Buddhism is that the Buddhas in the four directions are direct emanations from Mahavairocana at the center, consistent with the Huayan sect doctrine, which says that the Buddhas in the ten directions and of the three ages are direct emanations from Mahavairocana. The five-Buddha image in esoteric Buddhism is based on Mahayana scripture and images. Its development has been exhibited in the Dunhuang caves, and this demonstrates that the main trend of esoteric Buddhist art at Dunhuang was the combination of exoteric and esoteric Buddhism as well as the absorption of exoteric Buddhist elements into esoteric Buddhism, well exemplified by the evolution of the five-Buddha image in esoteric Buddhism with Han Chinese characteristics.

  15. Buddhism in hospice care---On hospice care from the perspective of nursing ethics%佛教对临终关怀的参与--护理伦理视域下的临终关怀之管窥

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽; 韩传强

    2014-01-01

    临终关怀是现代学界关注的焦点之一,而佛教在临终关怀方面则有着丰富的资源。以传统佛教典籍为基点,对佛教参与临终关怀的现状、佛教参与临终关怀所面临的困境以及优化佛教参与临终关怀的路径等几个方面进行了探讨,以期提升佛教对临终关怀的参与程度,完善护理伦理视域下的临终关怀理论及实践。%Hospice care is one of the focus of modern science, and Buddhism in the hospice care is rich in resources. In the traditional Buddhist texts as the basis, the paper research on the current situation of Buddhism in hospice care, dilemma of Buddhism to participate in hospice care, path optimization of Buddhism in hospice care to enhance the participation of Buddhism to the hospice care, Perfect hospice care theory and practice of nursing ethics.

  16. 从身心观之异看佛教对中国传统医学的影响%Buddhism Affecting the Development of Chinese Medicine from the Difference between Physical and Mental

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李铁华; 王欢

    2013-01-01

    中国本土文化把“身心合一”的人体小宇宙融入“天人合一”的大宇宙,从正面论证了以气、心、神为核心的身心融合观念.佛教以“缘起论”为理论基础,以“空”、“苦”等为基本的世界观和人生观,通过“四大”、“五蕴”从反面论证了身心的空幻性和过程性.佛教传入后,对中医学的发展产生了深远影响.%The small universe of the body and mind harmonization was reintegrated into the universe of the harmony between nature and human in Chinese traditional culture. Chinese traditional culture explained the concept of the harmony between physical and mental which was interpreted with the gas, heart and spirit. The law of Dependent Origination is the basic principle of Buddhism. The outlook on world and life of Buddhism is explained with "Emptiness", "Suffering". Buddhism interpreted the void and formative life with "Four Great" and "Five aggregates" from the negative side. After the introduction of Buddhism to China, the idea of the Buddhism influenced the development of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

  17. 试论汉化佛教对新罗乡歌产生的影响%Analysis of Impact of Sinicization of Buddhism on the Shilla Ballad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雨雪; 雷霆

    2014-01-01

    新罗乡歌是学界公认的韩国最早的国语文学体裁。收录在《三国遗事》中的十四首是保留较为完整的。三国时期是朝鲜民族文化从原始的神文过渡到人文的文化转型时期。一种文学体裁的萌芽,首先就要有孕育她的土壤,而在孕育乡歌的这片土壤中不得不提到的元素就是佛教。佛教起源于印度,最早在中国汉明帝永平11年(公元68年)传入中国。由于地缘因素以及当时中国文化的扩散,高句丽、百济、新罗三国无论从社会、政治、经济方面还是文化教育、文学创作等诸多领域都深受中国的影响。4世纪佛教经中国传入朝鲜半岛,新罗统治阶层把佛教定为国教,佛教的影响力由此可见一斑。基于此史实可以推定,当时传入朝鲜的佛教是经过汉化了的中国佛教。在此大的思想背景下,本文从原始佛教汉化的过程出发试论当时对乡歌产生的影响。首先分析新罗的社会背景,由此阐述乡歌出现的必然性,进而从乡歌的创作阶层与社会功能上管窥当时汉化佛教对其产生的影响。%Ballad is a universally acknowledged type of literary genre by the field of education in the South Korea .The fourteen pieces of Ballad preserved in the book SanguoYishi are regarded as a complete one .It is during the period of Three Kingdoms that Korea national culture changed from primitive ’ s divinity culture to a human one .Buddhism descends from India , which is intro-duced into China in the year of Yongping 11th of the Han Dynasty in China (68A.D).Kokuli, Paekche and Shilla are all influ-enced by Chinese culture both in the political , economic education and the literature creation .In the 4th-century, Buddhism was introduced into the Korean peninsula .The ruling classes of Shilla appointed the Buddhism as the national religion .Based on the historical facts , it is concluded that the Buddhism which was introduced into

  18. Suitable Assimilation Model of Culture, Beliefs and Rites Concerning Deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism for Peace of Thai Society in Bangkok and Circumferences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phra M.K. Kaewchaiya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: At present, Thai society widely assimilates culture, beliefs and rites concerning deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism by worshipping the deity images at the temples or the abodes of gods in Bangkok and circumferences. A typical worship is to pray the deity for help. As a matter of fact, people should help themselves first and use a prayer as willpower. The purpose of this research were these; (1 to investigate the background of culture, belief and rites concerning deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism in Bangkok and circumferences, (2 to investigate the current situations of the assimilation of culture, beliefs and rites concerning deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism in Bangkok and circumferences and (3 to determine a suitable assimilation model of culture beliefs and rite concerning deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism for peace of Thai society in Bangkok and circumferences. Approach: A qualitative research was used for this research. Research areas were these: (1 Yannawa Temple, Yannawa sub district, Sathon district, Bangkok, (2 Lum Charoen Satta Temple, Yannawa sub district, Sathon district, Bangkok, (3 Brahma House at the Erawan Hotel, Lum Phini sub district, Pathumwan district , Bangkok, (4 Phai Lom Temple, Phra Pathom Chedi, Muang district, Nakhon Pathom Province, (5 Sisa Thong Temple, Sisa Thong sub district, Nakhon Chaisi, Nakhon Pathom Province, (6 Phra Sri Maha Uma Thewi Temple, Silom sub district, Bangkok district, Bangkok, (7 Visanu temple, Thung Wat Don sub district, Sathon district, Bangkok, (8 Thep Nimit Temple, Khok Phaed sub district, Nong Chok district, Bangkok, (9 Brahman Temple, Sao Chingcha sub district, Phra Nakhon district, Bangkok and (10 Ganesha House at Ratchada crossroads, Huay Khwang district, Bangkok. Deity worships have been held at these areas for a long time and a lot of people have participated in these worships. A population was the people who lived in 9 districts. A sample

  19. Analysis of the influence of Internet to the spread of Buddhism%简析互联网对佛教传播的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟涛

    2012-01-01

      互联网对佛教传播既有着积极的推动作用,又有着消极的负面影响。一方面,互联网有利于佛法的传播,有利于增进社会的和谐。另一方面,歪理邪说也借助互联网得以迅速地传播并流毒甚广,这不仅影响了佛教的声誉,而且还在某种程度上不利于社会的稳定。因此,需要尽量减少互联网对佛教传播的不利影响。对策是:政府要优化环境;政府要完善法律体系;强化对互联网的监管;寺院要加强网站建设。%  there are positive roles and negative impact on the spread of Buddhism of the Internet, on one hand, internet is helpful for Dharma transmission and can promote social harmony. On the other hand, fallacies also using the Internet to spread rapidly and pernicious influence far and wide, This not only affects the Buddhism's reputation, but also do not conducive to social stability to some extent. So we should minimize the adverse effects of the Internet on the spread of Buddhism.

  20. 《佛教文化与国际交流》课程建设初探--以钦州学院为例%Course Construction of Buddhism Culture and International Communication---A Case Study of Qinzhou University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯艳

    2016-01-01

    中国佛教文化是中华文化的重要组成部分,佛教入华是世界文化交流史上的一件大事,当今世界,国际交流日益频繁,佛教文化在国际交流中的地位是不容小觑的。广西沿海地区是我国“海上丝绸之路”的重要口岸,早在两千年前佛教已通过海陆两条通道传入中国。广西是佛教在我国传播较早的地方之一,至今还有很多佛教文物古迹遗存,所以在钦州学院开设《佛教文化与国际交流》课程有天然的优势与现实意义。%Chinese Buddhism culture is an important part of Chinese culture.The introduction of Buddhism into China is al-so an important event in the history of world culture communication.Nowadays, Buddhism still plays a crucial role in international communication.Being a key harbor of the maritime silk road, Guangxi costal area was one of the areas where Buddhism was first-ly spread when introduced into China two thousand years ago.There are still many Buddhism cultural relics remained in Guangxi. Therefore, it’s of great significance to open the course of Buddhism Culture and International Communication in Qinzhou Universi-ty.

  1. THE HUMOUR OF CHAN BUDDHISM AND SU SHI HUMOUOUS RELEGATING POEM%禅宗的幽默与苏轼谐谑贬谪诗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁梅

    2012-01-01

    Chan Buddhism was developed with an unprecedented scale in Song dynasty and at that time the scholar contact with it closely. Chan Buddhism not only influence SuShi' life attitude but also blend in the writing idea unconsciously with its humour and way of thinking in manifestation mode and image feature which influeneed SuShi'humouous relegation poem greatly.%禅宗在宋代空前发展,文人与它的联系颇为紧密。禅宗不仅深入影响到了苏轼的生活态度,它的幽默特色及思维方式都潜移默化地融入到诗人的创作理念中。从表现方式。意象特色上对苏轼诗歌尤其是贬谪诗的谐谑特色产生了极大影响。

  2. An Elementary Analysis on the Ecological Ethic Practices of Fanjingshan Buddhism%浅析梵净山佛教的生态伦理实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘涛

    2014-01-01

    梵净山良好的自然环境得益于梵净山佛教的生态伦理实践。梵净山佛教的生态伦理实践主要包括精神世界的生态伦理实践、日常生活的生态伦理实践和保持水土的生态伦理实践。梵净山佛教的生态伦理实践仍然在继续,仍然在发挥着不可替代的作用。%The good natural environment of Fanjingshan benefits from the ecological ethic practices in Fanjingshan Buddhism, which mainly consists of the ecological ethic practices manifesting in aspects such as spiritual world, daily life, and water and soil conservation. The ecological ethic practices in Fanjingshan Buddhism continue to exist and play their irreplaceable roles.

  3. 明初高丽僧人满空与泰山佛教的复兴%The Great Gaoli Monk Mankong and the Revival of Mountain Tai Buddhism During Early Ming Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋铁生

    2011-01-01

    自唐中叶以来,佛教在中国由盛而衰,类似隋唐频繁的中外佛教交往已鲜见于史。几百年之后,在中华文化根深蒂固的泰山,一位来自高丽的僧人满空,通过重建竹林寺,复兴普照寺,在泰山兴佛取得了成功。这是泰山佛教历史的盛事,也是中韩两国在文化交往史上的佳话。%Since the middle of Tang Dynasty, Buddhism began to decline in China, and such international Buddhism communication as that of Sui and Tang Dynasties was witnessing its rarity. Several hundred years later, at the foot of Mountain Tai which is ingrained with Chinese culture, a great monk Mankong from Gaoli, recovered Puzhao Temple, a decayed Chinese temple. It is a grand event in the history of Mountain Tai Buddhism, and also a significant occasion in the history of cultural communication between China and Korea. The paper probes into the abrupt but non - accidental event with Mountain Tai historical inscriptions, local chronicles and the evolution of Chinese Buddhism.

  4. 藏传佛教寺院诵经音乐初论%Elementary Theory for the chanting music in Tibetan Buddhism temples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    才让措

    2012-01-01

      In the music o f Tibetan Buddhism,the tone of Buddhists chanting sutras is the very produc-tion filled with Tibetan culture accumulation . Of course,its coming into being must have follo wed certain foundation and laws . T he tone o f chanting sutras in Tibetan Buddhism shares the feature of recitative, closely near to the tone o f languages . When coming to the tone of chanting sutras in Tibetan Buddhism, we will find that the most representative part is brought scribes . T hey would lead the Lamas to recite and chant the scriptures together . T he brought scribes often adopt the way of subw oofer chanting to make themselves heard by thousand of people wherever in the hall . In this way they should pronounce loudly, but the pitch of voice must be low and deep,to express a feeling of solemn and respectful,dignified and holy .%  在藏传佛教音乐里寺院僧人诵经的音调是极赋有藏族文化积淀的产物,它的产生必定有其遵循的基础和规律。藏传佛教音乐诵经音调具有宣叙性,接近于语言的音调,最具代表性的当属寺院的领经师由他带领众喇嘛集体吟诵、唱诵相关的经文。领诵经文的经师常采用超低音的唱法,声调发音宏亮、低沉、穿透力强,并能产生一种肃穆、庄严浓厚、神圣的感觉,坐满几千人的大经堂每个角落都能清楚地听到领经师的声音。

  5. Buddhism and medical futility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Tuck Wai; Hegney, Desley

    2012-12-01

    Religious faith and medicine combine harmoniously in Buddhist views, each in its own way helping Buddhists enjoy a more fruitful existence. Health care providers need to understand the spiritual needs of patients in order to provide better care, especially for the terminally ill. Using a recently reported case to guide the reader, this paper examines the issue of medical futility from a Buddhist perspective. Important concepts discussed include compassion, suffering, and the significance of the mind. Compassion from a health professional is essential, and if medical treatment can decrease suffering without altering the clarity of the mind, then a treatment should not be considered futile. Suffering from illness and death, moreover, is considered by Buddhists a normal part of life and is ever-changing. Sickness, old age, birth, and death are integral parts of human life. Suffering is experienced due to the lack of a harmonious state of body, speech, and mind. Buddhists do not believe that the mind is located in the brain, and, for Buddhists, there are ways suffering can be overcome through the control of one's mind. PMID:23188402

  6. 现代性视域下的佛教生态智慧%The Ecological Wisdom of Buddhism Under the Vision of Modernity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡可涛

    2015-01-01

    In modern society,the global ecological crisis increasingly serious,greatly influenced the quality of people's living condition and life.Ecological crisis swirling generally has four thoughts:One is to forget there home and to believe that “the development is the first”;The second is “con-sumption hedonism”which lost the value of life;The third is the expansion of the “scientism”of tool rationality;The forth is overstep the relationship of nature and human being and to believe“anthropo-centrism”.In fact,Buddhism as a kind of humanistic religion does not lack the wisdom to coordinate the relation between human being and nature.The theory of the Pure-land School in Buddhism can rectify the idea of“the development is the first”,and make the development proceed in the direction of construct better hoes;“Buddhagotra-sastra”can cure the disenchantment of the world of “scien-tism”;The theory of “Liberation”can curb the “consumption hedonism”,making people understand the true value of life;The theory of“Dependent Origination”in Buddhism can help to reverse the tres-pass of“anthropocentrism”,letting the relationship between human and nature be in a state of adj ust-ment.Under the vision of modernity,the ecological wisdom of Buddhism is helpful to promote the construction of contemporary ecological civilization.%全球性生态危机,极大地影响人们生存状态与生活质量。造成生态危机甚嚣尘上大抵有四股思潮:忘却存在家园的“发展至上主义”;迷失生命价值的“消费享乐主义”;工具理性膨胀的“唯科学主义”;僭越天人关系的“人类中心主义”。虽然佛教主要是作为一种调节世道人心的人间宗教,但其并不缺少协调人与自然关系的生态智慧。事实上佛教“净土论”可以对“发展至上主义”进行纠偏,使得发展朝着建设美好家园方向前进;“佛性论”可以对治“唯科学主义”对世

  7. Comparative analysis of Confucian、Taoism and Buddhism about Culture concept%儒道佛修养观比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭宇

    2012-01-01

    The Culture concept of Confucian,Taoism and Buddhism have a lot in common,also have difference.The aim of confucian culture is to develop moral and to be human,the basis is protocol regulation,the attitude is active, methods are self-examination and reaching outside of oneself; The aim of Taoism culture is to become one with "Tao", the basis is nature, the attitude is negative, methods are. Remaining empty and quiet; The aim of Buddhism culture is to lead to Nirvana, the basis is Buddhist discipline, the attitude is godly, method is keeping still and in deep meditation. Three influence each other, supplement each other, common affect Chinese accomplishment practice.%儒、道、佛三家的修养观既有相同之处,又存在差异。儒家修养目的是成德成人,修养依据是礼义规范,修养态度是积极修为,修养方法是内省外求;道家修养目的是与道合一,修养依据是循顺自然,修养态度是消解人为,修养方法是致虚守静;佛家修养目的是成佛涅榘,修养依据是佛法戒律,修养态度是虔诚救度,修养方法是定慧双修。三者互相影响,互相补充,共同影响着中国人的修养实践。

  8. Research on Datong“Buddhism Capital”Tourism Cultural Brand Construction%大同佛都旅游文化品牌建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵彪; 江海旭

    2014-01-01

    大同旅游资源丰富,多为历史文化价值极高的佛教旅游资源。针对当前大同存在城市形象模糊、旅游品牌不鲜明等问题,研究大同佛都旅游文化品牌建设具有重要的现实意义。大同文化特色在北魏辽金,精华在佛教,重点在古都,因此大同可定位于“魏辽佛教文化旅游之都”,以云冈石窟为主体,构筑平城文化体系,以古都为载体,打造大同佛都旅游胜境。%Datong is rich in tourist resources, many of which are Buddhist tourist resources of high historical and cultural value. For the city's image is fuzzy and the tourist brand is not distinguishable, there is much practical significance to study Datong“Bud-dhism Capital” tourism cultural brand construction. Based on the definition of Buddhism tourism culture and tourism cultural brand, this is the first time to study Datong “Buddhism Capital” tourism cultural brand construction, for which we will propose the evi-dences, position the image, establish the slogan, and finally put forward the construction strategies. We wish that this research could be referred by Datong tourism planning.

  9. 无我:佛教中自我观的心理学分析%No-self:the Psychological Analysis of Self-view in Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭彦琴; 江波; 杨宪敏

    2011-01-01

    "No-self", the core of Buddhist psychology, gives distinctive opinions on the nature of self: 1) the subtle manas is the root of self; 2) eastern Zen-meditation is the method of self-researching; 3) self is the illusion gathered by five skandha; and 4) "no-self" is the unity of unreal self and real self. Buddhist psychology reveals the truth of self by "no-self', which is a supplement and transcendence to the self research-paradigm in westem psychology.Different from the western self-psychology which takes self as one's consciousness and cognition, Buddhist psychology takes a deeper level analysis on self. It argues that self originates from the mamas which is subtle and can't be realized by human beings. Most importantly. manas is one of the citta that persists alaya-vijnana and regards it as "self". That's why we human beings are different from the "Buddha". Alaya is a concept about the internal structure of the mind beyond the subconscious in modern psychology. Moreover, the "seed", which is storied in alaya, can regencrate, and it is a path that is never ended- one's behavior can be converted into new seeds and be storied in alaya. However, in western self-psychology, libido (subconscious) and collective subconsciousness can only be obtained through genetic, which seems a " bottom - up " process from generation to generation in western psychology.Then, we'll see how "self" originates from manas in Buddhist psychology in the first part of this paper.Empirical Research Methods prevents western psychology analyzing "self" on a deeper level while Buddhism can make it benefiting from a kind of mental experience- Zen-meditation. First of all.Zen-meditation is the unity of subjective and objective in contrast to western dualism. Dualism can be used in Natural objects-researching, but we will find problems when it is used in subjective world. For instance, when we use Dualism to research "self ", we're just using "self " to research "self", and this can't succeed

  10. 佛家养生思想对现代体育养生观的启示%Enlightenment of Health Preserving Concepts of Buddhism to Modern Sports Health Preserving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓奎; 宋海燕; 黄诚

    2014-01-01

    By literature materials,it explained the health preserving concepts of Buddhism and the results show that the Buddhism concept and the healthy idea the modern humans pursuing have a lot in common.The Buddhism advocated nourishing heart and preserving the body and maintaining mental tranquility while modern sports advocates self-adjustment mentally and physically and living with nature and universe with moderate amount of physical exercise.The two avocations are actually consistent.The Bud-dhism typical concept should be absorbed in a critical way and applied in modern sports health preserving practices which is of re-alistic significance in developing life science and improving both the quality of individuals and comprehensive qualities of our na-tional people.%采用文献资料法就佛家养生思想关于人体健康的观点进行了解读,结果表明:佛家先哲的养生思想与现代人追寻的健康理念有很多相同点,它主张的养心、养形、养气与现代体育主张的自我身心调节、和谐自然、适度体育运动相一致。将佛家特有养生思想批判地吸收到现代体育养生实践中对我国生命科学的发展、公民的个体素质提高和国民综合素质的提升有着重要的现实意义。

  11. 宋元时期河北临城的密宗陀罗尼信仰%Tantric Buddhism Dharani Belief at Hebei Lincheng of Song and Yuan Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓薇; 张春芳

    2015-01-01

    Since the mid-Tang Dynasty, Tantric Buddhism mantras widely spread in the community, and combined with Dharani into one. In this paper, the author record the text of two stone columns of North Song and Yuan Dynasties and analysis the reason of construction of Jingzhuang. Tantric Buddhism Dharani belief prevalenced in Hebei Dharanifaith of Song and Yuan Dynasties. Two Buddhism Jingchuang provide reliable first-hand information for Lincheng regional culture and Hebei Buddhist culture and Hebei Buddhist Culture.%自唐中期后,佛教密宗经咒广泛流传于民间,且与陀罗尼经合而为一,陀罗尼信仰在僧、俗两界广为流传。以河北临城北宋嘉祐五年的“顶尊陀罗经幢”和元至元六年的《真定府赵州临城县崇法院普润大师寿塔记》为例,分析陀罗尼经幢的建造缘起,宋元时期河北地区陀罗尼信仰的流行情况。两座佛教经幢为研究河北临城区域文化、民间信仰和河北佛教文化史提供了可靠的一手资料。

  12. An Analysis on Buddhism Culture's Influence on Chinese Painting through Kizil Monkey Painting%从克孜尔的猿猴绘画看佛教文化对中国绘画的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李欣悦

    2015-01-01

    印度佛教自汉代传入中国以来,佛教文化从内容题材、技法形式等各方面影响了中国绘画几个世纪,从最初克孜尔的猿猴绘画中西域画风的渗入,到外来风格与本土风格在经历了魏晋的初兴、南北朝的发展、隋唐的鼎盛后与中国本土文化同存并相互融合,从而改变了佛教艺术的本来面貌,又使中国绘画有了新的发展。%Indian Buddhism was introduced to China since Han Dynasty. Buddhism culture has influence on Chinese painting in different aspects such as the content, skills and so on. It ranges from the influence of Western region painting style on monkey painting in Kizil to the combination between foreign style and lo-cal style all through Wei Dynasty, Jin Dynasty, the Northern and Southern Dynasties till the prosperous Sui and Tang Dynasties, which has changed the original style of Buddhism art and added some new things to Chinese painting style.

  13. On LanRe' s Traditional Meaning and Zen Buddhism Connotation in "Quan Tang Shi"%《全唐诗》中“兰若”的传统内涵及佛禅意蕴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈娜

    2012-01-01

    Introduction of Buddhism is a major event on the Chinese intellectual history and the history of literature. Culturally, combination of Buddhism and traditional culture, scholars in literary creation of citation and Buddhism in the Buddha allusion, lan- guage, such as image, this kind of phenomenon also is very common in the Tang Dynasty, " LanRe" that is as an example. But with the ordinary Buddhist allusions it is different, both in Buddhist meaning, and traditional culture connotation, thus has the particularity.%佛教的传入是中国思想史、文学史上的重大事件。文化上,佛教文化与传统文化相融合,文人在诗文创作中大量引用与佛教有关的佛语、典故、意象等,这种现象在唐诗中也极为常见,“兰若”即为一例。但它与普通的佛教典故不同,既有佛教的意蕴,又有传统的文化内涵,因而具有特殊性。

  14. Buddhism and Monks in Poetry Literature of Anecdotes in Song Dynasty%宋代轶事类诗话中的佛与僧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张培锋

    2016-01-01

    宋代开始盛行的诗话是禅宗语录这一文体移植到文学领域的体现。宋代分别以《六一诗话》和《沧浪诗话》代表了两种诗话类型———可称之为“轶事类诗话”和“说理类诗话”———恰好反映体现了佛教对文艺的两种不同层面的影响。如果说前者表现的是禅门语录“随意举扬,任运不拘”的风格,那么后者则表现了“提唱纲宗,眼空今古”的另一种风格,表现了佛教富于思辨的特点。宋诗话中,哪怕只是一则小小的轶事,背后皆有很多可以深入探究的佛理存在,此种佛理又与诗意密切相关,充分体现了佛禅精神对诗话这种文体的影响。%The poetry literature, which was popular in Song Dynasty, is the reflection of transplantation from Chan recorded say-ings to the literature domain. Two major types of poetry literature, poetry literature of anecdotes and poetry of reasoning, repre-sented by “Liuyi’s Notes on Poetry” and“Notes on Poetry by Canglang” respectively, adequately show the different influences upon the literature from Buddhism. The former displays a free and spontaneous style of Chan recorded sayings, while the latter a different style of obsession with the tradition and discipline, characterized by its critical thinking. In the poetry literature in Song Dyansty, any piece of anecdote is supposed to embody a deep Buddhist truth. Moreover, the Buddhist truth is often close-ly related to the poem, which indicates an obvious influence on the poetry literature from the spirit of Zen Buddhism.

  15. A Summary on Buddhism and the History and Culture of Chaoshan%佛教与潮汕历史文化综论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑群辉

    2013-01-01

      佛教从南朝刘宋年间传入潮汕,1500多年来历朝历代的基本面貌虽有不同,但对潮汕文化的塑造产生了巨大的影响。佛教传入潮汕后,逐渐适应本地的自然、人文环境,并积极参与到社会文化的发展进程中,与社会经济、道德、习俗等相互渗透、相互作用、相互构筑,从一个重要的侧面塑造了特质鲜明的潮汕文化。从潜藏的思想观念到触目可见的文化事相,潮汕文化无不透露出众多的佛教元素,诸如饮食文化中的素食、建筑文化中的寺塔建筑、方言文化中的佛教俗语、民间艺术中的潮州佛乐、礼仪文化中的佛化葬俗、节俗文化中的佛教节日以及组织文化的善堂等,就是其中荦荦大者。%Buddhism was introduced into Chaoshan Area during the Liu Song years of Southern Dynasty and had an important role in shaping the Chaoshan culture over the past 1500 years, during which China wit-nessed changes with different dynasties. After its arrival, Buddhism gradually adapted to the local natural and human environment, and participated actively in the development process of social culture, and thus created the distinctive characteristics of Chaoshan culture from an important side through mutual penetration, interac-tion, mutual construction with social economic, moral, custom. Whether from its hidden concepts or from some visible cultural events and phenomena, Chaoshan culture always reveals plenty of Buddhist elements, of which most essential points include vegetarian in Chaoshan’s food culture, the temple constructions in architectural culture, the Buddhist proverbs in the dialect culture, the Chaozhou Buddhist music in folk arts, the Buddhist fu-neral custom in etiquette culture, Buddhist festivals in festival culture and the almhouses in organizational cul-ture.

  16. On The Integration of Shintoism and Buddhism of Nara Period In Japan%论日本奈良时期的神佛习合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方海燕

    2011-01-01

    Japanese Shintoism is a kind of local faith in nature in Japan.From Nara period,after being spread to Japan in Sixth century,Buddhism began the integration process with Shintoism.How could the two religions integrate with each other when one originated from nature worship but the other publicized a belief in a kind of life and world outlook? When we trace it to its causes,we finnd that common ground between the two religions is the most important internal cause though external causes from the whole society can not be ignored.By way of analysis and argumentation,we come to the conclusion that Shintoism and Buddhism have much in common,such as Polytheism and Dharmapala(Dharma Protector),which became the solid foundation of their integration and made their integration possible in Nara Period,and finally created a lasting and profound effect to the development of both religions.%神道是日本本土的自然信仰。佛教于六世纪传到日本后,自奈良时期开始了与神道习合的过程。一方是产生于自然崇拜的原始信仰,一方是宣扬一种人生观、世界观的信仰,两者为何能够习合?究其原因,社会外部原因虽不可忽视,但两者之间存在着的共通之处才是习合发生的最重要内因。通过分析论证,可发现神佛两教在多神及护法善神思想等方面均存在着相通之处,这些共通点使得奈良时期日本神道教和佛教的习合成为可能。

  17. 对佛教起源的再思考--佛教:从中国传到印度经中亚、中国汉代西域再回到中国(内地)%Rethinking the Origin of Buddhism Buddhism:From China to India through Central Asia,Western Regions of China and Rrturned to China(Inland)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张如柏; 张玉玉; 张善云; 刘天祐; 杨庆林; 缪迅

    2016-01-01

    A large statue of Buddhas appeared in jades(wall jade,jade and ivory Zhangs,bracelets and so on),ivorys and crystal Buddha heads which weighing about 10 kilograms,forehead embedded ceystals.In the time that the ancient Shu Buddhism popular large scale,many religious people.Originated in China Buddhism spreaded to India,after the ancient Indians (possibly containing Chinese ancient Qiang tribe)processed gradually formed the Buddhist theory of system,nearly 200 years of sleeping,from the Indian spreaded to Central Asian countries in the region,and then spreaded to the west counteies of Han Dynasty of China,finally returned to China,this is the Buddhist backflow phenomenon.%大量的佛像出现在四川广汉古蜀国的玉器上(玉壁、玉牙璋、玉镯等)、象牙上。还发现有重约数十公斤、额头上镶嵌(粘)有宝石的水晶佛头上,等等,说明在当时古蜀国佛教流行规模之大、信教人数之多。起源于中国的佛教传入印度后,经过古印度人(可能含中国古羌族人)加工整理逐渐形成系统的佛教理论,沉睡近200年之后,由印度传至中亚地区各国,再传到中国汉代西域各国,最后回流到中国内地,这就是佛教的倒流现象。

  18. Bold and Straightforward: Remark on Denouncing Buddhism Articles by Han-yu%气壮而理直:韩愈辟佛之文刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑亚芳

    2011-01-01

    中唐时期,佞佛风气盛行,全民癫狂,为挽当时之佞佛风气,树儒家之正统,韩愈作《原道》《论佛骨表》等文,文章正气凛然,有冲决一时之效。笔者试论其文气盛之表现与缘由,感受韩文“长江大河,浑浩流转”之风貌。%At the middle Tang dynasty, Buddhism-flattering prevailed that rendered the whole society mania. In order to rescue the country from this abnormality of heretical vogue whereby to set up the legitimacy of Confucianism, Han-yu wrote articles of The Original Doctrine and The Dispute of Buddhist Bone, which merited boldness, straightforward,and instantaneous effectiveness of shocking. This article analyzes his articles in terms of their grandiose spirits as well as their causes,revealing the features in his articles of the "giant river, gorgeous and surging".

  19. 论鉴真东渡对日本佛教的影响%On the Influence of Jianzhen Crosses the Ocean to Japan to Japanese Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓璐

    2012-01-01

    鉴真大师是著名的东渡弘法高僧。他不畏艰险曲折,前后经历六次东渡,期间不幸双目失明,最后终于到达日本。鉴真到日本后不仅传授戒律,弘扬佛法,建造了日本历史上第一座律宗寺院——唐招提寺,而且为日本人民传医送药,将唐朝先进的文明带到日本。他为建立、完善日本授戒制度,开创日本律宗作出重大贡献。%Master Jianzhen was the famous monk who crossed the ocean to Japan to promote Buddhism.He twists and turns through thick and thin,and before and after the experience of six east,during the unfortunate blind,and finally arrived in Japan.Jianzhen to Japan not only teach the precepts,and spread the Dharma,the construction of Japanese history a Ritsu temple-Toshodai Temple,and the Japanese people pass medical,drug delivery to the Tang Dynasty advanced civilization to Japan.He established,perfect Japanese Shoujie system,creating the Japanese Ritsu to make a significant contribution.

  20. 20世纪以来白族佛教密宗阿吒力教派研究综述%Research Review of Bai Esoteric Buddhism Azhali Religion Since 20th Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    During Nanzhao Kingdom period, esoteric Buddhism was introduced into Dali area of Yunnan. Struggling with and adapting to the local indigenous religious, absorbing different cultural nutrients from Confucianism, Taoism, Tibetan Buddhism, and Chinese Buddhism etc., Azhali Religion was formed. Nowadays, being a unique esoteric sect, Azhali Religion has a history of over 1000 years. It had a greater impact on the provincial politics, economy, culture and other aspects. Since 20th century, domestic and foreign scholars were widely attracted by Azhali Religion, and many research results appeared. The paper gives an overview of the research progress of Azhali Religion.%  南诏时期佛教密宗传入云南大理地区,与当地的土著宗教从斗争到适应,并吸收融合了儒学、道教、藏传佛教、汉传佛教等多种文化养分,形成了密宗新教派——阿吒力教。阿吒力教作为一个独具特色的密宗教派,至今已有一千多年的历史,它对云南政治、经济、文化等方面产生了较大影响。20世纪以来引起了国内外学者的广泛关注,研究成果颇多。对阿吒力教研究动态进行综述,以便大家更全面地认识阿吒力教研究现状,并开创性地搞好今后的研究工作。

  1. Bactria and the Hellenistic Buddhism --centered with theMilinda-pa ha%巴克特里亚与希腊化的佛教--以《那先比丘经》为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许潇

    2014-01-01

    佛教之所以能够在希腊化的巴克特里亚流行,原因在于其一定程度上的希腊化,或者说是传播方式上一定程度的希腊化。《那先比丘经》的流传即反映了这一情况。作为巴克特里亚希腊人的沾弥利望群和弥兰王并不是因为那先比丘的回答具有多么高明的佛教智慧而心悦诚服,而是因为那先比丘的回答方式和回答内容与古希腊哲学有着密切的关系。弥兰王所接受的佛教带有浓厚的希腊哲学色彩,反映出了希腊文化与印度文化、佛教文化在巴克特里亚所出现的一种多重向度、错综复杂的融合情况。%Buddhism was popular in the Hellenistic Bactria, its reason depends on the extent of the Hellenistic, or its spread on the degree of the hellenistic.Milinda-pa ha responded to this situation, just as what Bactria Greek with Mili hope group and Milinda belived not because of Nagasena replied with a clever Buddhist wisdom and expressed a heartfelt admiration, on the contrary, because Nagasena replied and inherited the thought of Aristotle’s Philosophy. Milinda accepted Buddhism with a strong color of the Greek philosophy. This reflects the Greek culture and India culture, Buddhism culture in Bactria in a multiple dimension and perplexing fusion.

  2. 古代云南的阿吒力教咒术与超感官艺术治疗%Extrasensory Art Therapy and Conjuration of Acarya Buddhism in Ancient Yunnan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世武

    2015-01-01

    Extrasensory Art Therapy refers to the treatment of anxiety psychotherapy where art is as a means to lead to super-sensory experience. Shamans and believers are convinced that such an illusion is real. This mysterious experience is the core of religious experience of Acarya Buddhism in ancient Yunnan. The essence of Acarya Buddhism is still within the scope of witchcraft;the so-called Tantric Monks who cast spells are just higher-ranking wizards. Wizards of Acarya Buddhism are trying to pass their own religious experience with extrasensory ability to believers, so as to bring a profound impact on believers’ religious life.%超感官艺术治疗是指以艺术为手段,引发超感官体验以治疗焦虑的心理治疗技术。巫师和信众深信此种错觉的实在性,这种神秘体验是古代云南阿吒力教宗教体验的核心部分。阿吒力教咒术虽然披上了佛教的外衣,但本质依然属于巫术的范畴;所谓施展咒术的密教神僧,也不过是高阶巫师而已。阿吒力教咒师以宗教艺术为手段,试图将自身超感官能力体验到的宗教经验传递给信众,对信众的宗教生活产生了深远影响。

  3. The Tibetan Buddhism Policies of the Ming Dynasty%谈明朝治理藏传佛教的政策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王迎迎

    2012-01-01

    In the religious policy on Tibet, the Ming Dynasty abolishes the DiShi system of the Yuan Dynasty, and cancels the privileges of monks. At the same time, the Ming Dynasty not only gives special treatment to Tibetan buddhist leaders and placates them, but also gives the titlte of "GuoShi"(State Master) to more Tibetan buddhist leaders in order to strengthen the management of Tibet. Due to the different stages of the Ming Dynasty and emperors' individual liking, the Mng government takes different policies of Tibetan Buddhism at different stages. These policies in general have some positive significance in stabilizing the Tibetan border and the rule of the Ming Dynasty.%针对西藏的宗教政策,明一改元朝的帝师政策,取消僧人的种种特权;同时,为了加强对藏区的管理,不仅对藏传佛教首领进行优待和安抚,且实行多封众建的政策。由于明各个阶段的情况变化和皇帝个人喜好的不同,明中央各个时期对藏传佛教的政策又不尽相同,有一定的变化,这些政策总体上对藏区边疆的稳定和明王朝的统治有着一定的积极意义。

  4. 傣族地区南传上座部佛教的旅游文化建设探讨%Discuss the cultural construction of tourism in Dai region Theravada Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧雁

    2014-01-01

    傣族地区具有优美的自然风景,丰富的民族、宗教文化资源,是云南旅游的热点地区之一。要打造有特色,高品质的旅游业,南传上座部佛教旅游文化是值得深入研究、策划的内容。立足于建设云南省“桥头堡”战略的大背景下,从宗教学的角度,初步探讨了在转型中,傣族地区佛教旅游的现状,并对当前出现的问题和如何开发利用方面提出了一些想法和建议。%Dai region has beautiful natural scenery ,rich ethnic ,religious and cultural resources ,is one of the hot spots of tourism in Yunnan ,to create unique ,high-quality tourism ,travel Theravada Buddhism culture is worthy of further re-search ,planning content .T his article is based on the construction of Yunnan Province under the“bridgehead” strategic background ,from the perspective of religious studies ,discuss some current problems of Dai Buddhism travel to face some situation in society transformation ,and how to develop these resources put forward some ideas and suggestions .

  5. 河南省佛教文化旅游资源的深度开发研究%Study on the deep development of Buddhism cultural tourism resources in Henan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓楠

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, along with the"religious tourism"national popular, Buddhist culture becomes a kind of development of tourism resources in particular from its deep cultural heritage. This article first elaborated the Henan province tourism culture resources analysis of the development of Buddhism, Buddhism cultural tourism, then puts forward some rationalization proposals, in order to further develop the tourism resources of Buddhist culture plays a certain reference role to better promote Henan tourism development.%近些年,随着“宗教旅游业”的全国盛行,佛教文化以其深厚的文化底蕴成为一种特殊的旅游资源发展开来。本文首先详细阐述了河南省佛教旅游文化资源,分析了发展佛教文化旅游的优势,继而提出一些合理化的建议,以期对佛教文化旅游资源的深度开发起到一定的借鉴作用,促使河南旅游业更好发展。

  6. The Tibetan Buddhism architecture performance in Monan Mongolia under the Qing Dynasty%清政府宗教统治在漠南蒙古藏传佛教建筑的表现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白雪

    2015-01-01

    清政府对漠南蒙古的藏传佛教统治在不同时期的政策变化,致使漠南蒙古地区藏传佛教建筑在数量与规模、建筑选址、建筑形态上受到了影响.为了能够更好地利用宗教来统治,清政府倾力扶植藏传佛教,鼓励广建寺庙;与此同时,清统治者又不希望宗教势力太过强大而导致清政府的统治力下降,所以就出现了各种限制与引导政策,这些政策促使漠南蒙古地区的藏传佛教建筑出现了新的形态.%Qing government policy changed the Monan Mongolia Tibetan Buddhism architecture in number , scale, building siting and form at diferent times of the rule . In order to make beter use of religion, the Qing government efort to promote Tibetan Buddhism temples but the Qing government did not want that the religious power was stronger than the rule , so there had been a variety of restrictions and guidance policies that promoted Monan Mongolia Tibetan Buddhist architecture new forms.

  7. On Emperor Liang Wu abandoning Taoism to Buddhism Three-religions Debate in the Tang Dynasty%梁武舍道事佛与唐代三教论衡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘林魁

    2015-01-01

    It is a great mystery in the history of medieval culture that Emperor Liang Wu adandoned Taoism, which, however, became a special concern in early Tang Dynasty. The article proposes that, rather than commenting on whether the event was true or false, a better way of working out the mystery is to investigate its happenings and functions in the religious and cultural context of Tang Dynasty. Judging from the existing literature, emperors and ministers connected Liang Wu’s Buddhism worship with the national subjugation, which was taken advantage by Taoists who propagated that Buddhism resulted in the subjugation. However, the event itself of Liang Wu’s abandoning Taoism to Buddhism has not been paid any attention to by either Confucianists or Taoists. In early Tang Dynasty, Buddhists responded in a different way to both Confucianist and Taoist criticisms, believing that the event itself was undertaking the mission of attacking Taoism. But influenced by the practice that Confucianism and Taoism collaborated in criticizing Buddhism, the event also functioned in glorifying Buddhism, suppressing Confucianism and diminishing Taoism. The Buddhists’ narration of the event in Tang Dynasty highlighted the adversial relations among the three religions at the time, and the event was a response from Taoists like Fuyi.%梁武帝舍道事佛是中古思想文化史上的一大疑案,但此一说法真正被关注是在唐代。与其斤斤计较此说的真伪,不如从唐代宗教文化环境中考察其发生与功能。从现存文献来看,唐代帝王史臣在反思南北朝政教关系的潮流中,将梁武帝崇奉佛教与萧梁亡国联系起来,道教徒也乘势将此提升为佛教亡国论,但梁武帝舍道事佛并未被儒、道二教关注。唐初佛徒对儒家、道教的批判采取了不同的回应方式,梁武帝舍道事佛主要承担起了抨击道教的使命,但受儒、道联合批评佛教惯例的影响,此事同时具有了

  8. How to Treat Buddhism:the Confucian Doctrine and National Control of Religion%家可出否:儒家伦理与国家宗教管控

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢晶

    2015-01-01

    Since the Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty took “Confucianism as the dominant ideology”,the Confucianism has been respected as the orthodox ideology for subsequent dynasties and various Confucian doc-trines have been integrated into national laws either directly or indirectly.For a long time in history,external and internal religious ideologies have also developed and handed down such as Buddhism and Taoism,among which Buddhism ia the most important external religion in China yet has involved conflicts with Confucianism, particularly for the latter’s criticism on the former’s “destruction of humane principle”.Since national laws have been subject to Confucianism,rules pertinent to control of religion have undoubtedly restricted (but rath-er than forbidden)Buddhism wherever there are conflicts.For instance,there are three articles regulated in the Qing Code concerning “defining monks and female monks”,“privately setting up temples and privately undertaking tonsure”,and “monks being obedient to parents”with a constant change of contexts from Tang to Qing Dynasty but the legislative purpose to restrain Buddhism had never altered.The principle of “restricting rather than forbidding”Buddhism has evolved with the national policy on control of religion.%自汉武帝“独尊儒术”之后,儒家一直被尊为历代王朝的正统思想,并有众多儒家之伦理被逐渐直接或间接纳入国家法典之中。但在漫长的历史过程中,儒家之外尚有释、道等外来或本土的思想流派也在这片土地上发扬、流传。以外来宗教中影响最大的佛教为例,其与儒学曾发生一些冲突,其中较为显著的是后者对前者“毁人伦”的批评。作为被“儒家化”的历代王朝法典,深受儒家伦理的影响,在与宗教管控有关的部分,自然也表现出与儒佛冲突相对应的一些对佛教的限制(而非禁止)。如《大清律例》中,这样的律文主要有“

  9. 民族融合进程与辽代佛教繁荣%The Process of National Integration and Prosperity of Buddhism in Liao Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑毅

    2015-01-01

    辽代作为一个典型的多民族政权,其主体民族从数量上看在国家内部也是居于少数民族地位。辽代统治者对民族问题却处理得比较成功。有辽一代二百年,大部分时间里各民族都能够和谐共处,民族矛盾始终居于次要地位。这一方面归功于其成功的“因俗而治”的民族政策,没有实行激烈的民族压迫政策,顺应了各民族的传统习俗和政治要求,因而得到各民族的响应和拥护;另一方面,宗教特别是佛教在辽代各民族间的广泛传播,在相当程度上成为民族政策的润滑剂,共同的宗教信仰成为维系各民族团结的精神家园。%As a typical multi-national regime, the main subject of the country of Liao, and even in the country, is also in the position of minority nationality. The rulers of the ethnic problems are generally very successful. Liao Dynasty for 200 years, most of the time in which the ethnic groups are able to live in harmony, ethnic conflict has always been in a secondary position. On one hand, it is due to the success of"rule by Morals"of national policy, and did not execute the intense national policy of oppression, it is complied with the nation's traditional customs and political demands, so it has been the nation's response and support. on the other hand, religion, especially Buddhism spread in all ethnic groups Liao, to a considerable extent become lubricant to the national policy of the Empire, the common religious faith has become to maintain the national unity and the spirit of their homes.

  10. 台灣佛教數位典藏資料庫之建置 Digital Archives for the Study of Taiwanese Buddhism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jen-Jou Hung

    2011-09-01

    culture. As part of this program a number of digital archives specifically concerning the history and development of Buddhism in Taiwan have been created. Supported at various stages by the Taiwan eLearning and Digital Archives Project, the Haoran Foundation and the National Science council these archives preserve a wide range of texts and images pertaining to Buddhism in Taiwan from its inception in the 17th century to the present day. This paper describes the creation principles and scope of these digital collections.

  11. The Core Values of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism and the Implied Eco-Ethical Thoughts%略论儒道释核心价值观及其生态伦理思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗泽华

    2013-01-01

      忠恕是儒家的核心价值观,也是做人做事的根本法则。清净是道家的核心思想,也是产生大德大智,谋求人与自然和谐的核心理念。慈悲是佛教大乘之根本,也是超越自我,提升境界,追求众生平等,给乐拔苦的不二法门。儒道释诸教的核心思想可以相互印证,并生成大智大慧。在生态危机严峻的今天,要谋求人与自然的和谐,追求幸福祥和的生活,需要挖掘儒道释的智慧,构建生态伦理,才能促进自然界的和谐与持续,建设人类与众生真诚、平等、幸福、祥和、持续的地球家园。%Loyalty and forgiveness are the core values of Confucianism, and the fundamental principles of acting and behaving. Moral character and desire -free, the core values of Taoism, are the core principles of generating superb morality and intelligence, and of achieving a harmony between humanity and nature. Benignity and charity, the basis of Buddhism, are the only way of surpassing oneself, improving one's qualities, striving for equality of all the creatures, and giving happiness and removing sufferings. The core thoughts of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism corroborate each other, and generate superb intelligence and wisdom. In modern times, the serious eco-crisis requires digging intelligence and wisdom from Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism so as to achieve a harmony between humanity and nature, seek a happy and peaceful life, construct eco-ethics, and execute eco-engineering in the enterprise.

  12. 密教传播与宋元泉州石造多宝塔%Research on the Communication of Esoteric Buddhism and Quanzhou Stone Duobao Pagoda in Song and Yuan Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫爱宾

    2012-01-01

    As an important town of the Sea Silk Road, Quanzhou was famous for its brilliant maritime transport history and abundant multieuhural. Quanzhou was influenced by overseas cultural, including the Indian culture and Esoteric Buddhism. The 13th century invasion of the islamic in India made exodus of large numbers of tantra monks, corresponds to the frequent transportation between China and India during this period, lots of monks im- migrated to Quanzhou. They made significant impact on esotericism in Quanzhou. There are a large number of architectural monuments influenced by Es- oteric Buddhism, including Buddhist sculptures, Sanskrit seed figure, Quanzhou Kaiyuan temple, etc. Esoteric Buddhism especially influenced the stone Building of Song and Yuan dynasty, including Baoqieyin Pagoda, Duobao Pagoda and stone pillar column. In the Song and Yuan period the impact of Es- oteric Buddhism showed a trend of more intense effect and greater number of remains as time goes by. These trends were synchronous with the Quanzhou overseas transport development and prosperity gradually. This paper, taking the Duobao Pagoda in Song and Yuan dynasty as example, reveals these trends by systematic fieldwork and site investigation.%地处海上交通要道的泉州历来受到海外文化影响.亦包括印度文化及密教的渗透;13世纪伊斯兰世界对印度的入侵使大量密教僧人外逃,与这一时期中印海上交通频繁相对应,对泉州的影响也更为明显。泉州传统建筑遗迹中,有大量受到密教的影响,除在造像、梵文种子图及开元寺大殿等木构建筑中有所体现外,更多表现在宋元时期的石建筑中,如宝箧印塔、多宝塔、石经幢等;其时间段集中在宋元时期,且随着时间推移呈现出影响更浓厚、遗迹数量更多的趋势;这一趋势表现出与泉州海外交通发展渐趋繁荣的同步性。本文通过较系统的现场调研,以宋元泉州石造多宝塔为例

  13. 内道外佛:许地山的文学世界%The Literature World of Xu Dishan. Taoism on the Inside and Buddhism on the Outside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿宝强

    2012-01-01

    许地山的文学世界诸教杂糅,佛教色彩最为明显,这只是表面。道家思想才是许地山作品的内核,他笔下的女性形象昭示着道家的理想人格模式和道家的人生哲学模式。%The literature world of Xu Dishan is a mixture of religions, with Buddhism appearing the most obvious. Actually, Daoism is the root of his literary works. The female images of his works re- veal the ideal personality model and philosophy of life of the Taoism.

  14. 魏晋南北朝时期佛道关系两点论%Two Aspects on the Relationship of Buddhism and Taoism in Wei-Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路高丹; 梁周敏

    2011-01-01

    Buddhism and Taoism began to prosper in the early period of Wei-jing Southern and Northern Dynasties,a period when the two religions,Buddhist and Taoism,competed with and rejected each other,at the same time absorbed and mixed with each other.This paper analyzes the relationship between Buddhist and Taoism by addressing several controversial issues between Buddhist and Taoism as well as the similarities between the two religions.%魏晋南北朝是佛教初传与道教初兴时期,这一时期佛道二教相互竞争、排斥而又相互吸收、融合。本文主要针对这一时期佛教与道教争论的几个问题及二者的相通之处来研究二者关系。

  15. 中国俄罗斯侨民文学中儒释道文化研究%Study on Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism Culture in Chinese Russian Immigrant Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳菊; 苗慧

    2012-01-01

    中国俄罗斯侨民文学是伴随着俄罗斯侨民在中国的定居而产生的。顾名思义,中国俄罗斯侨民文学是俄罗斯的作家以中国社会环境为背景而创作出来的文学作品。泱泱五千年的中华文明史,将博大精深的儒释道文化融于一身,形成了具有独特意蕴的中国传统文化。它不仅影响着整个中华民族的意识形态,同时也对生活在中国半个世纪之久的俄侨作家产生了一定的影响。文章以文本分析形式解读、梳理中国俄侨作品中的中国儒释道文化。%Russian immigrant literature came into being with the settlement of exiled Russians in China. Thus, the so - called Russian immigrant literature in China refers to the literary works written by Russian writers set in the Chinese society. Based on the immemion of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism culture, China with 5,000 years of civilization has developed its own peeullar and profound traditional culture, which not only affects the ideology of the whole Chinese nation, but makes a certain impact on the Russian writers living in China for more than half a century. The paper delves into the Confueianism t Buddhism, and Tanism euhure in the Russian immigrant literary works in China by using text analysis techniques.

  16. 禅武合一对少林寺体育旅游可持续发展的支持研究%Research on Combining Buddhism With Wushu to Support Sustainable Development of Shaolin Temple Sports Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨木森

    2015-01-01

    The greatest characteristic of the Shaolin Wushu is Buddhism combined with Wushu.This combination plays a tremendous boost role of the Shaolin Temple sports tourism culture.However,there exist some problems with Shaolin Temple sports tourism,such as little experience with sport on the part of the tourists and a lack of fea-ture of sports tourism products etc.A sustainable development of Shaolin Temple sports tourism can be realized by way of carrying out religious research tourism,highlighting the cultural connotation of Buddhism and Wushu,rea-sonably controlling the flow of tourists,improving the sports tourism environment,displaying fully the cultural at-mosphere of Zen and upgrading the quality of the cultural products.%少林武术最大的特点是禅武合一。禅武合一对少林寺体育旅游文化具有很大的助推作用。少林寺体育旅游存在游客体验性低、体育旅游产品特色不突出等问题。开展宗教修学旅游,彰显禅武文化内涵;合理控制游客流量,改善体育旅游环境;彰显禅宗文化氛围,提升文化旅游品位,是实现少林寺体育旅游可持续发展的重要途径。

  17. 真佛山宗教文化旅游资源开发策略探析%Research on Strategy for Developing Tourism Resources of Religion in True Buddhism Mountain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈怀松; 罗昌印

    2014-01-01

    The Dehua Temple in the True Buddhism Mountain is an important group of Temples in Northeast Sichuan, which was constructed or destroyed in the past 200 years,but now becomes a considerable scale and local characteristics of temple buildings.The architectural layout,religious principles,supernatural belief,folk custom activity and heritages of landscape makes up special religious culture of True Buddhism Mountain scenic spot.The development of its tourism resources should be based on obj ective understanding and comprehensive arrangement,follow the rules of using history cultural landscape and religious culture,face the problems and shortcomings of the developing process,highlight charac-teristics of religion cultural,and take reasonable measures to protect and develop.%真佛山德化寺是川东北地区重要的宗教寺庙群,经200多年创建宏法、兴衰存毁,至今已形成了颇具规模和地方特色的庙群建筑,其建筑布局、宗教义理、神灵信仰、民俗活动以及大量的艺术景观遗存构成了真佛山景区独特的宗教文化资源。对真佛山宗教文化资源的旅游开发应建立在客观认识和全面整理的基础上,遵循历史人文景观和宗教文化的利用规律,正视开发过程中的问题和弊病,突出宗教文化特色,并采取规范合理的手段进行保护和开发。

  18. 从《近思录》看宋儒对佛老之学的批判%Neo-Confucianism's Critique of Buddhism and Taoism in Reflections on Things at Hand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张世亮

    2011-01-01

    《近思录》首标《异端之学》一目,主要摘录二程和张载对于佛、老之学的批判性文字论述。基于“异端之学”的极大危害性以及维护儒家道统的需要,宋儒尤其是程朱一派对于佛、老之学展开了多角度和多层面地批判。这为儒学新形态的形成与发展扫清了障碍,并对后世中国古代、近代社会三教关系格局产生了极其重大的意义和影响。%Heresy of the Study, the first standard of Reflections on Things at Hand, mainly extracted the dissertation on Cheng Yi, Cheng Hao and Zhang Zai' s critique of Buddhism and Taoism. Based on the extreme hazard of heresy of the Study and the needs to maintain Confucian orthodoxy, Neo-Confucianism, especially the Neo-faction launched the multi-angle and multi-level criticism of Buddhism and Taoism. It clears the way for the formation and development of the new form of Confucianism, and later has very great significance and impact on the relations of the three religions in ancient China and modem society.

  19. The Diary in Rehe and the Rites Controversy between Confucianism and Tibetan Buddhism---A Historical Anthropological Study on a Multi-ethnic Mixed Imperial Feast%《热河日记》与“儒藏礼仪之争”--一场多民族帝国盛宴的历史人类学考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    The Diary in Rehe is one of the most important literatures about the relationship of Confucianism and Buddhism during Qianlong years in Qing Dynasty. With the reanalysis about the interactions of Confucianism, Buddhism and the emperor recorded by Pak Chi-Won’s , this paper aims to explain Hevia’s misunderstanding of the ritual space and order in Chengde, which was supposed to be ritual conflicts between the emperor and the inner Asian Buddhism world. The author of this paper argues that the conflicts were brought by Confucianism and Tibetan Buddhism. The transforma-tion of Yi-Xia concept and the complexity of the intellectuals’ attitude are the origin of these conflicts in Qing Dynasty.%《热河日记》是清代乾隆年间关于儒佛关系的最重要的文献之一,通过对朴趾源所记录的儒佛与皇帝互动的种种细节的分析,来说明美国历史学家何伟亚关于皇帝与内亚佛教世界的礼仪冲突的看法是对乾隆年间承德的礼仪空间与秩序的误读,认为真正的礼仪冲突产生于儒家与藏传佛教之间,而冲突的根源则在于清代夷夏观念的变革和知识分子心态的复杂性。

  20. 丰子恺皈依佛教的文化背景和心理因素%Cultural Context and Psychological Factors for Feng Zikai’ s Conversion to Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉祥华

    2014-01-01

    近代以降,中国佛学由出世向入世转向,对丰子恺的精神生活发生着不可忽视的影响。对无常之恸的深刻体悟与慧解,是丰子恺皈依佛教最直接的心理动因。如果说丰子恺隐晦地认为“宗教是对人的终极关怀”,那么,毋宁说他是由“终极关怀”而走向宗教的。丰子恺的生活方式是隐逸性的,其内心深处与世不谐的疏离感,也驱使他逃避世俗,亲近佛教。青年时期的人文环境以及师友间的交往,对其佛教心理起着重要的暗示作用,弘一法师、夏丏尊、马一浮的影响尤甚。%Ever since the modern times, the turn from being above the world consideration to being involved in the world has pro-duced great influence on Feng Zikai’ s spiritual life. His experience, apprehension, and intelligent understanding of the changeable grief are his psychological motivations for his conversion to Buddhism. If people admit that Feng Zikai has obscurely believed that“reli-gion is the ultimate concern for people”, it rather can be said that“the ultimate concern” has led him to religion. Feng Zikai has lived a hermitic life, and the sense of alienation and inharmony between his inside world and the outside world are the other factors for him to be conversted into Buddhism so as to escape from the worldly affairs. In his youth, the cultural environment and the communications with his teachers and friends, especially with Master Hong Yi, Xia Mianzun and Ma Yifu, have implications on his Buddhist mentality.

  1. The Main Causes for the Mixture of Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Sorcery in Guizhou Nuo Culture%论贵州傩文化佛道儒巫混杂现象的主要原因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王路平

    2012-01-01

    The causes for the mixture of Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Sorcery in Guizhou Nuo culture are complicated, which are closely related to local politics, economy, history, geography, and cultural conventions, and are the result of the combination of all these factors. This paper proposes five causes for this phenomenon presented as follows : 1. the culture of Guizhou Sorcery ; 2. the influence of the combination of three religions ; 3. the support from the minority hereditary headmen and officials ; 4. the restriction of the closed terri- torial environment; and 5. the need in people~ psychology and emotions.%贵州傩文化最终形成佛道儒巫混杂合流的文化格局,其原因极为复杂,它的形成几乎与贵州本土的政治、经济、历史、地理以及文化习俗的方方面面分不开,是这些诸多因素糅舍的结果。主要原因有五:一、贵州巫教文化的传统;二、中原三教合一的影响;三、黔中土司流官的提倡;四、封闭地域环境的制约;五、民众心理情感的需要。

  2. Avoidance and Use of Buddhism Words in Hui Muslims Language in Northwest China%西北回族话对汉语佛教词的回避与化用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李生信

    2014-01-01

    In Hui Muslims’ Language, because of religious taboo and ethnic customs, some words of Buddhism in Chinese are avoided, even being refused to use in their daily life, yet some of them are kept in their daily life unconscious-ly, of which are embodied with meanings of Islam.The avoidance and use of these words is the expression of communica-tion of language and culture.%在西北回族话中,由于宗教禁忌或民族习俗等原因,对汉语中的某些佛教词采用了回避,甚至排斥的态度,但又有意或者无意地保留了一些原本属于表达佛教意义的词,只是在使用这些汉语佛教词时,赋予了伊斯兰教内容。这种词语的回避和化用,是语言接触与文化兼容在语言中的表现。

  3. 日本寺社建筑美学特征之东亚传统建筑观%The Traditional East Asian Architectural Philosophy and Aesthetics of Japanese Buddhism Temples and Shinto Shrines Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵继中

    2013-01-01

    Through nearly a thousand years of development, traditional Japanese architecture established its own unique special form and artistic style under the background of East Asian traditional architecture. This paper, with examples of Japanese Buddhism temples and Shinto shrines architecture, analyses its development background, historical evolvements, form features, and artistic style. The paper also explores the ideological root of the formation of Japanese traditional architectural style, and summarizes Japanese architectural philosophy within the context of traditional architecture in East Asia.%日本传统建筑经历千年发展,在东亚传统建筑的大范畴下形成了自己独特的表现形式及艺术风格.以日本寺社建筑为代表,对其发展背景、历史变迁、形式特点及艺术风格等进行分析,由此探寻日本传统建筑风格形成的深邃思想根源,从美学特征的角度,总结其基于东亚传统建筑背景且具有日本特性的建筑观

  4. A Research on Theoretical Art of Chinese Translation of Buddhism Influence on the Chinese Art%论汉译佛经对中国佛教美术的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯艳

    2012-01-01

    Buddhist classics are not works of specialized art theory. But art exposition in which is an integral part of the Buddhist art theory. The status of Buddhist art theory influence on Chinese culture with the sutra translation. This paper is a research on theoretical art of chinese translation of Buddhism influence on the Chinese art.%佛经虽非专门的美术理论著作,但其中关于美术方面的一些实践和论述也是佛教美术的构成部分。佛经中的美术实践和论述也随着佛经翻译对本土文化产生了多方面的影响。汉译佛经主要对中古佛教美术思潮、佛教美术创作主体思想、中国佛教美术技法、中国美术理论等方面产生了重要影响。

  5. Positive Interaction in Political Life between Tantric Buddhism and Bai Ancestors in Nan Zhao and Dali Kingdom Period%南诏大理国时期佛教密宗与白族先民政治生活的积极互动

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周俊华; 雷信来; 赵金元

    2011-01-01

    Tantric Buddhism has reconstructed the concept of ethnic identity and played a role in the integration of the Bai culture to form the ancient Bai community after it was introduced into the Erhai lake region. It is an important social cultural force for ethnic groups in Erhai region to leap from pre-country period to country period and it remains a positive interactive tool among countries and ethnic groups in Nan Zhao period. Tantric Buddhism in Dali area has combined the political authority, the local culture and the secular society with the corresponding monks and the monk organization. The mutual grafting, absorbing and fusing of Buddhism, Confucianism and Bai culture produce Confucianism Buddhism. The different social roles of Confucianism Buddhist, Confucian Entrepreneurs and squire in different historical periods, shed much light on their own values and functions in the Bai ethnic community.%佛教密宗在洱海地区的传入,重新建构了洱海地区各部族的民族认同观念,为白族先民共同体的形成发挥了文化凝聚的功能,是洱海地区各部族从前国家社会跃进到国家的重要文化力量,成为南诏时期国家与民族之间实现积极互动的工具。佛教密宗在大理地区形成了与政治权威结合、与本土文化融合、与世俗社会结构对应的僧侣和僧团组织;释儒阶层的产生是佛教、儒教与白族本土文化相互嫁接、吸收、融合的产物,从释儒到儒商,再到乡绅,其在不同历史时期演化为不同的社会角色,在白族社会彰显自身价值和作用。

  6. Offentliga eller privata religioner i läroböcker : en kvalitativ inehållsanalys om hur Judendom, Kristendom, Islam, Hinduism och Buddhism framställs i läroböcker för Religionskunskap 1.

    OpenAIRE

    Vikström, Anton

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to examine how Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism are portrayed in four Swedish textbooks for use in upper secondary school using José Casanova’s theory about the public and the private sphere and Craig Calhoun’s interpretation of Jürgen Habermas theory of the public sphere. The four textbooks examined are all to fit the latest curriculum for upper secondary school education on the subject Religionskunskap 1 (Religious education 1). The research ques...

  7. The possibility and limit of the assimilation of learning of mind- heart with Buddhism examined by "neither good nor evil"%从“无善无恶”看心学与佛学交融的可能与限度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚晓康

    2011-01-01

    王阳明的“无善无恶”之说在后世引起了极大争论,批评者讥其“源于佛老”。本文通过分析王阳明“无善无恶”学说的提出及其思想内涵,并与佛教特别是禅学的“无善无恶”说进行比较,指出王阳明之“无善无恶”论与佛学确有共通之处,二者均认同本体界无善无恶,现象界有善有恶,均强调形上虚寂本体与形下现实生命的贯通。然心学之“无善无恶”论的理论依据为儒学传统之体用论,与佛教之缘起论迥然有异。就阳明心学的思想实质来看,是援释入儒而以儒为宗,心学与佛学是在保持各自差异基础上的交融。%Wang Yangming' s theory of "neither good nor evil" arouse great controversy. Some critics satirized it as originated from Buddhism and Taoism. Through analysis of the proposition and the connotation of Wang' s theory of "neither good nor evil" and comparison it with the theory of "neither good nor evil" of Buddhism, esp. of Chan school, this essay points out the similarities between Wang and Chan. They both hold that "neither good nor evil" exist in noumenon world whereas "good and evil" exist in phenomenon world. They both emphasize the mutual penetration between the empty and quiet metaphysical noumenon and the physical actual life. However, theory of "neither good nor evil" in learning of mindheart is based on Confucian traditional entity -function theory, which is totally different from Buddhist theory of interdependent origination. Yangrning' s theory is, in fact, Confucianism - oriented absorption of Buddhism into Confucianism, blending the learning of mind - heart with Buddhism keeping each one's characteristic independence.

  8. Spectacle Attractions and Buddhism in Southeast Asia

    OpenAIRE

    McDaniel, Justin

    2015-01-01

    Misemono is a Japanese term meaning “spectacle attraction” or delightful distraction – a wonderful place for purposeless delight. Misemono were historically designed for Buddhist temple and local festivals. They also brought social and religious capital to the designers, and for some, the hope of profits. This paper looks at several examples of modern Buddhist architecture in Laos, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam which could be seen as misemono and offers new ways of understanding architectu...

  9. Buddhism and Autonomy-Facilitating Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Jeffrey

    2013-01-01

    This article argues that Buddhists can consistently support autonomy as an educational ideal. The article defines autonomy as a matter of thinking and acting according to principles that one has oneself endorsed, showing the relationship between this ideal and the possession of an enduring self. Three central Buddhist doctrines of conditioned…

  10. On the Core Values of the Charitable Theory of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism --Focus on the Confucius, Lao Zi and Hui Neng%儒道佛慈善论的核心价值——以孔老惠为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟永生

    2012-01-01

    There are rich charitable theories in Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism respectively re- presented by Confucius, Lao Zi and Hui Neng. With common nature on love, kindness, goodness, harmony, righteousness, sincerity and brave, each religion has its respective core values on the charitable theory. The benevolence of the Confucianism is the show of the humanism, subjectivity and universality. The softness of the Taoism is the show of unification, freedom and inclusiveness. The mercy of the Buddhism is the show of secularity, simplicity and equality.%作为中华传统文化的主体内容,以孔子、老子和惠能为代表的儒道佛三教均具有丰富的慈善论,表现出爱、慈、善、和、义、诚、勇等共通性特征。然三教慈善论又各有其内在核心价值,这就是慈仁之善、慈柔之善和慈悲之善。慈仁之善表现出儒学慈善论的人本性、主体性和普世性特质,慈柔之善表现出道家一体性、自在性和包容性特质,慈悲之善则表现出佛禅人间性、简易性和平等性特质。

  11. “大道和生”与佛教“缘起论”--评钱耕森教授的“大道和生学”%Tao's Harmony Giving Birth to the New Things Theory and the Origin of Buddhism--Qian Geng-sen’sTao's Harmony Giving Birth to the New Things Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈坚

    2015-01-01

    Professor Qian Gengsen’s philosophical thought regressed to the origin of Chinese philosophy. Through illustrating Shibo’s “harmony actually fosters new things”, he proposed hisTao’s harmony giving birth to the new things theory”, whose theory was regarded as the “new life” in Chinese philosophy history. He observed his theory by putting it in the scope of the origin of the universe. He thought that the world was constituted by different elements not the same ones, and only all the different elements were in a harmonious situation, could things be fostered eventually, which could be illustrated as the theory of the origin of Buddhism, for the origin of Buddhism emphasized that all the laws of the world combined for the harmony of the all the lots. Moreover, there was an equal relation among the lots which was the base of the origin of lot. Not only professor Qian’sTao’s harmony giving birth to the new things theory but also the theory of the origin of Buddhism have guiding significance in building a harmonious society and promoting the peace of the world.%钱耕森教授回归中国哲学的原初意境,通过解读史伯“和实生物”的观点而提出了“大道和生学”,自创新说,堪称当代中国哲学研究之老树发新芽。钱先生将“大道和生学”放在宇宙生成论的范畴来加以考察,指出世界不是由相同的元素而是由不同的元素构成的,而且各种不同的元素只有在和谐平等的状态下才能最终生成万物,这可与佛教的“缘起”论相互诠释相互发明,因为佛教的缘起论强调世界万法皆是众缘和合而成,而且参与缘起的缘与缘之间互相平等,唯其平等,才能缘起。无论是钱先生的“大道和生学”还是佛教的“缘起”论,都对我们今天建设和谐社会和促进世界和平具有指导意义。

  12. 礼物交换与佛教经济学--一个西藏“寺院-村落”共同体的互惠与团结%Gifts Exchange and the Buddhism Economics---The Reciprocity and Unity of a Tibetan“Temple-Village”Community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    This article will use the Gifts Exchange theory and the Interpretivism approach for the Economics of Religion to argue that the reciproc-ity between temples and villages is the common relationship among the small scale of societies in Tibet. And this reciprocity system is not only the ethics of Buddhism economics but also offering an abundant knowledge resource for the ways to understand different economics ethics in religious study.%本文借用莫斯的礼物交换理论以及宗教经济学范式的阐释主义视角,通过对日喀则南木林县牛寺与牛村的互惠共生关系,来说明在藏区社会中,寺院-村落社会形成的彼此依赖的互惠共生关系一r以来是村落社会得以整合和团结的机制。而这种互惠共生的关系机制,既是佛教经济学的价值伦理,也为人类学通过阐释主义视角来理解不同宗教的经济伦理提供了宝贵的知识资源。

  13. Research on the Harmonious Coexistence between Tibetan Buddhism and the Bon Religion in Gasi Village,Gonghe County of Qinghai Province%青海共和县尕寺村佛教苯教和谐共存现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂玛才让

    2011-01-01

    In addition to the two sects of Tibetan Buddhism,the Gelugpa and Ningmapa,the Bon religion is also popular and commonly practiced in Gasi village,Qiapuqia Town,Gonghe County,Hainan Prefecture,Qinghai Province.For all the past years,the aforementioned religious sects have been keeping their own significant aspects,and seeking common grounds while reserving their differences in order for them to preserve their own characteristics in addition to maintaining the scenarios of mutual ecological balance and harmonious interactions.%青海海南州共和县恰卜恰镇尕寺村一村两教即藏传佛教格鲁派、宁玛派和苯教。长期以来,两种教派既各美其美,又求同存异,美美与共;既保持了各自的特色,又保持了两种宗教间的生态平衡与和谐相处的局面。

  14. An Amphibious Goddess of Both Buddhism and Taoism A Research of the Legend of Cihang Goddess%仙释圆融佛道双栖——慈航真人观世音仙话传说的文化观照

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓艳

    2012-01-01

    道教神仙谱系中的慈航真人是一位深受民间崇奉的女仙。慈航真人信仰的形成与佛教的观音菩萨信仰有非常密切的联系。慈航真人观世音这种佛道双栖的现象是中国古代三教合一特别是仙释圆融宗教文化的产物。慈航真人仙话传说中的性别困惑既体现了古代社会性别意识的特殊取向,也反映出观音形象不断演变的历史信息。%As a famous goddess of Taoism, Cihang is astonishingly similar to the Guanyin Bodhisattva. The religion of Cihang has dccp contact with the Guanyin Bodhisattva of Buddhism. This phenomenon is a result of the fusing of the Three Religions in ancient China. There is a special sex puzzlement in those legends about Cihang goddess. It embodies the message of the evolution of Cihang's image in Chinese ancient religious culture.

  15. 元朝统治者信奉藏传佛教倚重萨迦派的原因探析%Reason Analysis of the Rulers of the Yuan Dynasty Believing in Tibetan Buddhism and Relying Heavily on the Sakyapa Sect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文萍; 张付新

    2015-01-01

    The rulers the Yuan dynasty converted to Tibetan Buddhism and relied heavily on the Sakyapa sect to manage local affairs in Tibet, which became one of their management and governance policies in Tibet. An analy⁃sis has been done on the reasons of why the Yuan’s rulers executed the policy by referring to a large number of historical facts, and it is found that the rebellions of other Mongolian tribes in Central Asia and the close relation⁃ship between the Sakyapa and Mongolian royalty were the main reasons why the Yuan rulers adopted this policy.%元朝统治者选择信仰藏传佛教,并倚重萨迦派管理西藏地方事务,成为其管理和治理西藏的策略之一。文章基于大量的历史事实,分析了藏传佛教界对蒙古王室的积极传教,元朝中央为应对中亚蒙古宗王的反叛以及萨迦派与元王室的联姻等是影响元统治者采取这一政策的重要因素。

  16. The Representations of Buddhism in Iris Murdoch's Novel---The Case Study of The Sea,the Sea%佛教思想在艾瑞斯·默多克小说创作中的体现--以《大海啊,大海》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀文

    2014-01-01

    由于与佛教的深厚渊源,英国当代著名小说家默多克的道德哲学观中蕴含了浓郁的佛教色彩并通过作品将其展现出来。在作品《大海啊,大海》中,默多克将佛教思想与道德哲学观完美结合并通过小说中人物的精神成长历程得以体现。在小说中,佛教思想主要表现为苦集灭道四圣谛和波若空慧两个方面。苦集灭道四圣谛中默多克主要凸现集圣谛,意指人间种种苦的根源是业与烦恼,而让查尔斯产生烦恼的根源为贪,嗔和我慢,此三种烦恼皆为佛教中产生一切烦恼的根本烦恼。而要去除所有烦恼,查尔斯则必须破除我执,辩清现实与幻影,意识到一切的存在皆为因果,这样才能认清自我,关注他者的存在,最终达到大智慧,这就是默多克通过小说人物想要表现的波若空慧。%As one of the most influential contemporary British writers,Iris Murdoch through her works shows her unique moral philosophy with the strong flavor of Buddhism.Especially in her Boo-ker Prize winning novel The Sea,the Sea,Buddhist elements together with the moral philosophy are fully reflected through the spiritual growth of the two maj or characters.In the novel,Buddhism can be reflected from two aspects:Four Noble Truths proposed by Buddha and the Wisdom of Seeing through Everything.In terms of the Four Noble Truths,Murdoch mainly emphasizes the aspect of Ji meaning Karma and troubles are the origins of human sufferings;there are six basic types of troubles which will bring about other troubles in human life,and in the novel Murdoch focuses on three among the six basic troubles through the main character Charles.The three types are greediness,anger and overemphasis of the self.To break away from all the sufferings,Charles has to stop overemphasizing the existence of self and realize that everything in this world is based on the Principle of Cause and Effect.By doing so,he can see

  17. On the Secularization of Religion:Taking the Secularization of Buddhism in Dai Villages in Yunnan as an Example%宗教世俗化现象探析--以云南傣族村社佛教世俗化变迁为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈勉

    2015-01-01

    The phenomenon of secularization of religion seems to appear frequently in our daily life in re-cent years.Secularization of religion refers to the weakening of religious ideas and feelings,which results in the gradually narrowing religious activities,the weakening of religious influence and the loss of reli-gious value.Taking the secularization of South-Shangzuo Buddhism in Dai communities in Yunnan as an example,based on the background and connotation,this paper presents the manifestation of the seculari-zation as follows:the social management model changes from unification of the politics and the religion to separation of religion from politics;the basic beliefs transform from godhood to humanity;social religion changes to individual's organizationally;the focus is shifted from that world to this world.The growing trend of secularization theories is likely to be divided into three categories of pessimism,optimism and in-between.%近年来,宗教世俗化的趋势开始越来越频繁地走入人们视野。宗教世俗化是指由于人们对宗教观念和感情的逐步淡化,使得宗教活动范围减小、宗教的社会影响削弱以及宗教价值观念失落等的现象和发展趋势。作者以云南傣族社会南传上座部佛教的世俗化为例,梳理宗教世俗化的出现背景、内涵表现,提出当前世俗化的表现为:“政教合一”的社会管理模式向“政教分离”的社会管理模式转变,基本信念由“神性”中心向“人性”中心转换,组织观念由社会的宗教转变为个人的宗教,关注重点由“彼岸”转向“此世”。世俗化条件下宗教的未来发展趋势目前可以分为悲观论派、乐观论派和中间派等三个理论派别。

  18. Crossing the Divide between Self and Other --Concurrence of The Country of the Pointed Firs and Buddhism%打破人我关——浅析《尖尖的枞树之乡》与佛教思想之暗合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩颖

    2012-01-01

    萨拉·奥恩·朱厄特长期被定位于美国新英格兰乡土作家、区域作家,后又受到关注人与自然关系的女权主义的赞赏,之后,又有评论家从文化政治的角度为她贴上各种标签。朱厄特的作品,特别是代表作《尖尖的枞树之乡》,虽取材于新英格兰,具有鲜明的地域特征,但她所描述的或隔绝、或融合的人类生存境遇却是普遍的,与佛教思想有暗合之处,其主题具有普世性。这也是此书得以传世,并吸引异域读者的原因所在。%Sarah Orne Jewett has long been regarded by critics as a writer of New England local color. With the rise of Feminism, Jewett' s works are highly praised by those feminist critics who are concerned with the relationship between humans and nature. In the recent 20 years, some critics have read various isms into her texts, mainly from the perspective of cultural politics. Though Jewett draws her materials of The Country of the Pointed Firs from New England, and the work is closely related to her age, the human state--secluded or connected--depicted in the no- vel, and the theme of the novel has universal significance. That is why her work may arouse interest in other regions and other ages. The essay analyses the concurrence of The Country of the Pointed Firs and Buddhism, so as to prove the universal significance of Jewett' s most famous work.

  19. On the "Vassavaso" Ritual of the Theravada Buddhism and the Function of its Music and Sound in the Ritual -A Case Study of Daizu Ethnics in Jinggu Region%南传佛教“入雨安居”仪式及其仪式中的音声功能分析——以景谷傣族地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周寒丽

    2012-01-01

    人们的宗教信仰需要通过宗教仪式来表达,而仪式中音声则是仪式的一个有机组成部分。景谷傣族地区南传佛教"入雨安居"仪式和赕经书仪式中不断变化的音声是为了传达宗教信仰,增强信众情感,塑造信众的行为模式,并最终达到顺利完成仪式和实现仪式的目的。%People's religious belief needs to be expressed by some religious rituals, in which music and sound are an organic part. The ever-changing music and sound in the "Vassavaso" ritual of the Theravada Buddhism and the chanting ritual of the Buddhist canons by the Dai Ethnics in Jinggu. Region is to convey the religious belief, enhance the believers' emotion, mold the believers' behavior pattern, and finally ac complish the ritual and smoothly realize the function of the ritual.

  20. The Holy Land of Buddhism%佛门圣地

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李显福

    2005-01-01

    @@ 威镇涪江一大佛 那里有一个仅次于乐山大佛的大佛,很值得一看.上世界七十年代初,我和三个朋友在采访途中去游览了乐山大佛寺,对凿壁而成面江而立威镇河神遏制洪水的巨灵神般的大佛感叹不已.

  1. Buddhism, Copying, and the Art of the Imagination in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jim Taylor

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This article theorizes new urban religio-scapes in metropolitan Bangkok, a city space of contradictory modernities. Here, I look at two contrasting Buddhist monastic spaces of sanctity from periods of fieldwork between 1998 and 2002. Firstly, as found in the modern semblance of order and discipline at the radically neo-conservative Dhammakaya Movement (lit. “Body of Dhamma”. Secondly, the chaotic, disordered flamboyant and kitsch space of the Sanam Chan Monastery on the outskirts of the ever-expanding Thai post-metropolis, which has similarities with the consumerist contemporary “Buddhist” feature art of the arcades and shopping centres. I argue that Wat (Monastery Sanam Chan is a postmodern representation of sanctity; it is a response to modernity, while Dhammakaya, aside from its immense spectacle, reflects more the essentialist conditions inherent in modernity. Nevertheless, it is clear that both spaces of sanctity challenge the established religious hierarchy, its perceived orthodoxy, legitimation and the ethical bases of civic religion in Thailand.

  2. Santi Asoke Buddhism and the Occupation of Bangkok International Airport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marja-Leena Heikkilä-Horn

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Thailand experienced dramatic political turmoil from February 2006 to November 2008 culminating in the occupation of the Bangkok International Airport. The demonstrations against then Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra and his political allies were organised by the People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD. One of the PAD leaders, Major-General Chamlong Srimuang, is an active member of the Buddhist Santi Asoke group. The group is controversial as it is not under the state Buddhist authorities and has implicitly criticised the Thai state Buddhist monks for moral corruption. Known as the ‘Dharma Army’, hundreds of Santi Asoke monks, nuns and lay people participated in PAD demonstrations. This paper analyses what the Santi Asoke Buddhist group represents, what the ‘Dharma Army’ is, how its reality differs from media images, what the ideological reasons for Asoke to initially support Thaksin were, and why the group finally turned against him. The paper argues that the group cannot be viewed as a monolithic community. Instead, it should be considered as an amalgamation of monks and nuns, urban and rural temple residents, lay followers of Asoke monks, practitioners of organic agriculture in Asoke village communities, students and former students of Asoke schools, and supporters of Major-General Chamlong Srimuang. Representatives of all these networks participated in the demonstrations albeit with different intensity. ----- Zwischen Februar 2006 und November 2008 stand Thailand unter dem Zeichen tiefgehender politischer Unruhen, die in der Besetzung des internationalen Flughafens ihren Höhepunkt fanden. Organisiert wurden diese Demonstrationen, die sich gegen den damaligen Premierminister Thaksin Shinawatra und seine politischen Verbündeten richteten, von der Volksallianz für Demokratie (PAD. Einer ihrer Anführer, Generalmajor Chamlong Srimuang, ist aktives Mitglied der buddhistischen Santi Asoke Gruppe. Da sich Santi Asoke nicht der staatlich kontrollierten buddhistischen Ordnung beugt und solche Mönche implizit der moralischen Verdorbenheit beschuldigt, hängt ihr ein kontroverser Ruf an. Unter der Bezeichnung „Dharma Armee“ nahmen hunderte Anhänger von Santi Asoke, darunter Mönche, Nonnen und Laien an den PAD- Demonstrationen teil. Inhalt dieses Artikels ist daher die Analyse der Hintergründe und Ziele der Santi Asoke Gruppe und der „Dharma Armee“, Unterschiede zwischen medialer Darstellung und vorgefundener Realität sowie die Motive der anfänglichen Unterstützung Thaksins durch Santi Asoke und ihre spätere Abkehr von ihm. Dabei wird argumentiert, dass die Gruppe nicht als monolithischer Block verstanden werden kann, sondern in ihrer Vielfalt, zusammengesetzt aus Mönchen, Nonnen, EinwohnerInnen städtischer und ländlicher Tempel, Laien, AnhängerInnen biologischer Landwirtschaft in Asoke-Dörfern sowie UnterstützerInnen von Generalmajor Chamlong Srimuang begriffen werden muss. RepräsentantInnen all dieser Netzwerke nahmen, wenn auch in unterschiedlicher Intensität, an den Demonstrationen teil.

  3. Buddhism, Copying, and the Art of the Imagination in Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Jim Taylor

    2015-01-01

    This article theorizes new urban religio-scapes in metropolitan Bangkok, a city space of contradictory modernities. Here, I look at two contrasting Buddhist monastic spaces of sanctity from periods of fieldwork between 1998 and 2002. Firstly, as found in the modern semblance of order and discipline at the radically neo-conservative Dhammakaya Movement (lit. “Body of Dhamma”). Secondly, the chaotic, disordered flamboyant and kitsch space of the Sanam Chan Monastery on the outskirts of the ever...

  4. Inherent Self, Invented Self, Empty Self: Constructivism, Buddhism, and Psychotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWilliams, Spencer A.

    2010-01-01

    Constructivist and Buddhist approaches to counseling and psychotherapy share increasing popularity as well as similar epistemological assumptions and understanding of human dysfunction and its amelioration. These approaches can be seen as consistent with postmodern psychology, which is distinguished from a realist or foundationalist view. This…

  5. Buddhism, science, and market: The globalisation of Tibetan medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janes, Craig R

    2002-01-01

    In this paper I discuss the processes by which Tibetan medicine has become globalised, and the ways in which these have come to determine, constrain, and, ultimately, transform local practices of healing in both Tibet and the West. I examine the degree to which globalisation, in particular international market capitalism, operating in this case through the Chinese state, structures the content of primary medical resources, confers legitimacy to certain technologies, and sets the ground rules by which the healers in charge of deploying such technologies are set into conversation with one another. I also argue that the cultural dimensions of globalisation enter the local context through the multiple-stranded flows of people, images, and ideas, and contribute to redefinitions of identity, suffering, and body praxis among patients/consumers in diverse local contexts. I proceed within two registers of analysis. In the first, I analyse these movements in the context of Tibetan medicine as it has been transformed, practised, and used, in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. In the second, the analytic lens shifts to a focus on Tibetan medicine as a 'global' alternative medicine in North America and Europe. The focus throughout is on the global-local dialectic: how Tibetan medicine is both produced as global commodity and consumed as 'local' tradition.

  6. HEIDEGGER AND BUDDHISM. ON NON-NIHILISTIC EXPERIENCE OF GROUNDLESSNESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cezary Wozniak

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Human existence is temporal. In a wider, over-individual dimension, we use the term ‘history’. We usually think about history in the context of historical events, wars, or scientificdiscoveries that have a strong impact both on the life of societies and the existence of individuals. We try to think over history, to point out what makes one fragment different from another, and to distinguish periods which we can define by emphasising their typical features. The aim of such procedures is to understand history. There can be different perspectives on such an understanding. According to Martin Heidegger, the widest, most fundamentaldimension of history seems to be the history of being, i.e. the history of the very understanding of the word ‘is’.The past brings pre-formed concepts and meanings, through which we understand ourselves and the world. These shapes of thought last in time – alone, subject to interpretations, or in new forms. By understanding this history, we can comprehend the present time,and this seems to be of some importance. As hermeneutics teaches, being and its understanding belong to each other; “understanding is the original character of the being of human life itself”1. If we exist, understanding is always a part of our existence, and we alwayssomehow understand the world and ourselves.What can be said about the contemporary situation of human beings, about their understanding of themselves, about how they understand the world today? How can we understand our present time, while also taking into consideration the historical aspect of thisunderstanding? If we accept the thesis on the occidentalisation and globalisation of the contemporary world, these questions become even more universal.

  7. The Concept of Self in Buddhism and Brahmanism: Some Remarks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej ULE

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available I contrast briefly the Buddhist concept of Self as a process and a conditional reality with the concept of the substantial metaphysical concept of Self in Brahmanism and Hinduism. I present the criticism of the Buddhist thinkers, such as Nāgārjuna, who criticize any idea of the metaphysical Self. They deny the idea of the Self as its own being or as a possessor of its mental acts. However, they do not reject all sense of Self; they allow a pure process of knowledge (first of all, Self-knowledge without a fixed subject or “owner” of knowledge. This idea is in a deep accord with some Chan stories and paradoxes of the Self and knowledge.

  8. Siddartha: An Introduction to Buddhism and Hinduism Yesterday and Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mooney, Edward L.

    This three-week unit in world literature for 11th grade, average-ability students was developed as part of a series by the Public Education Religion Studies Center at Wright State University. An outline of the unit's content and subject matter is given. The novel "Siddhartha" is studied in its Hindu and Buddhist religious and cultural setting so…

  9. Buddhism in Sarnath: An Account of Two Chinese Travellers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr Anuradha Singh

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to draw the religious life in Sarnath (and Varanasi as accounted by the Chinese travellers—Fa-Hien and Hiuen-tsang. The accounts not only talk about the stupas, pillars, statues built by King Ashoka; vihars and monks (bhikshus living in those vihars but also contain the first preachings of Lord Buddha, establishment of Sangha and the story of Mrigajataka that remain significant. With the increased popularity of Buddha dharma in China, the Chinese were attracted towards travelling to India. They came to India mainly with the intentions to visit the places related to the fond memories of Lord Buddha, to study the Buddha religion and philosophy and carry the copies of the Buddhist compositions. Fa-Hien and Hiuen-tsang occupy significant places among these Chinese travellers. These accounts can be associated with ancient history as well as with historical geography, religion and philosophy. While Fa-hien in his journey details had described about the Buddha Empire, Hiuen-tsang highlighted the civilisation of India and its cultural landscape, albeit it has been often accepted by the historians that these accounts of their journeys should be considered as significant only when they are backed by historical evidences. They opine that these travellers were mainly influenced by the Buddha dharma and therefore, their accounts are liable to containing exaggerated journey details. It is true that the journey details contain few imaginary instances; nevertheless, these accounts have been validated by the remnants, stupas and vihars at the sites.

  10. Women in Song Dynasty and Buddhism%论宋代妇女与佛教

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金建锋

    2012-01-01

    On the background of the common customs of Buddish in Song Dynasty,the women believed in Buddish in different class. They had many ways to carry out, such as doing Buddhist nuns, participateing in the feast days of Buddish, building temples, making the figures of Buddha,bringing up the monks and nuns, burn- ing joss sticks and praying to Buddha, writing the sutras, burying temples and cremating, researching the sutras and being well up in the theory; These had some reasons, suah as ailment and death of oneself and folks, the in- fluencement of family, the induction of the monks and nuns, underestimating the fate, women guarding the moral integrity, pursuing the son and riches and honour. The women believing in Buddish had the important influencement of oneself, the around people and the society,%在佛教世俗化的背景下,宋代各阶层有很多信仰佛教的妇女。她们信仰佛教的实践方式多种多样,有出家为尼,虔诚参与各类佛教节日活动,营建佛寺、捐钱造像、饭养僧尼,烧香念佛、刻写经书,死后葬于佛寺、火葬,研佛书、通佛理等。这些佛教实践的原因有自己或至亲疾病和死亡、受家庭影响、弘法僧尼的引导、看破红尘、妇女守节、求子和求富贵等。她们信仰佛教给自身、周边人和社会带来了许多重要影响。

  11. Lessons Carved in Stone:Basics of Buddhism at Sichuan's Dazu Rock Carvings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mike Meyer

    2001-01-01

    @@ Part I DAZU, SICHUAN PROVINCE "See the hungry devil? He eat the man!"the guide exclaimed, holding his charge in rapt attention atop Baoding Shan (Treasure Peak Mountain). He pointed to the Image of Six Ways of Transmigration,a carving of a towering demon that jutted from the cliff's face.

  12. 佛教在印度衰落的原因%Why Buddhism Declined in India

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓阳

    2008-01-01

    关于佛教在印度衰落的原因,中印西方学者已提出种种意见.此外,佛教在印度从未成为一统天下的宗教,在与婆罗门教互争雄长的过程中从未获得过压倒性的优势,这是佛教最终在印度衰落的原因之一;佛教虽然是作为反婆罗门教的"异端"出现,但其主要教义却出自婆罗门教的思想,后在发展过程中为争夺信众又吸收了婆罗门教的许多东西,这更成为佛教在印度衰落的重要原因.

  13. Black Ants and Buddhism: Second Graders Use Classroom Conflict to Explore World Religions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowhey, Mary

    2008-01-01

    Human nature draws people to conflict. They become curious about the overheard argument at the next table in a restaurant, or a conflict between parent and child in the supermarket. Too often textbooks and other teacher-proof curriculum for young children provide a pat and happy presentation, devoid of conflict. Not surprisingly, these materials…

  14. Blending Buddhism, Shinto, and the Secular: Japanese Conceptualizations of the Divine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crane, Lauren Shapiro; Bruce, Jessica L.; Salmon, Ptamonie Y.; Eich, R. Tony; Brandewie, Erika N.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative interview study investigated Japanese understandings of spirituality, religion, and The Divine. Thirteen native Japanese living in central Ohio (6 male, 7 female) answered open-ended questions about spiritual or religious activities they engaged in, motivations for engaging in them, what constitutes sacredness, why humanity and…

  15. Physical Mandala in Tantric Buddhism%论佛教身体曼荼罗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李南

    2008-01-01

    曼荼罗为密教的一种主要修行仪式,其晚期的重要仪轨之一身体曼荼罗与印度教性力派的修行方式十分相似.追根溯源,这些修行方式深受中国古代道家修炼方法的影响,从而再次证明中印两国之间的宗教文化交往源远流长.

  16. Lessons Carved in Stone: Basics of Buddhism at Sichuan's Dazu Rock Carvings Part Ⅱ%大足石刻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ The thing is, even with the carvings to yourself, there's still too much to appreciate in one visit. The figures choke the cliff face, telling stories on salvation via animated figures tinted in rosy ochre,plum, lapis lazuli and gold leaf. I began with Sakyamuni's Filial Piety, 68 statues which depicted the prince's devout attention to his parents and self-sacrifice through such acts as nourishing them by cutting off a slice of his own flesh and offering his eye as medicine when his father fell ill.

  17. [Contributions of Catholicism, Protestantism, and Buddhism to medicine--taking into account the future of palliative medicine in Japan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Satoshi

    2014-01-01

    It is worth recalling that Catholicism and Protestantism have each played an important role in the development of modern medicine. Before modern medicine become widely accepted, palliative care was addressed by Catholic abbes in Western Europe, as well as by Buddhist monks in Japan. Palliative medicine exceeds the capability of contemporary medicine in general, insofar as spirituality is an important dimension when doctors are caring for patients who may be facing death. Being aware of this problem, the author tries to elucidate the contributions of religion to medicine, with the intention of considering the future of palliative medicine in Japan. PMID:25702499

  18. On the Buddhism Implication of Feng Zikai's Proses%丰子恺散文的佛学意蕴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈邑华

    2010-01-01

    丰子恺是中国现代文学史上独具风格的散文家.一生研究佛学,又未忘怀人生.俗世尘缘与佛学教义交织成丰子恺散文独特的佛学意蕴,体现在无常若梦,情真以堪破;护生无量,护心以为要;尘网因缘,破执以求本心三个方面.

  19. Buddhist Contribution to the Socialist Transformation of Buddhism in China: Activities of Ven. Juzan during 1949–1953

    OpenAIRE

    Xue Yu

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the role played by Chinese Buddhists, especially the so-called "progressive Buddhists," in the socialist transformation of the sangha at the early stage of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). I concentrate on the case of Ven. Juzan (1908–1984). While the focus on one individual does not reveal the whole story about Chinese Buddhists’ involvement in the Chinese Communist Party’s project of reshaping the sangha, the career of Juzan does provide a window on the issue. By ex...

  20. Theory on Dependent Origination and Life View of Buddhism%缘起论与佛教的生命观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴传江

    2010-01-01

    @@ 缘起论是佛教理论的基础和核心,它阐述了佛教对于生命的构成和本质的看法,由此,佛教建立了消除我、法二执而回归生命本原的解脱之道.在佛教历史上,缘起论经历了业感缘起、性空缘起、阿赖耶识缘起、佛性缘起、世法缘起等阶段,表现了佛教的生命解脱观在不同维度的展开.

  1. The Enactment and Perception of Mathematics Pedagogical Values in an Elementary Classroom: Buddhism, Confucianism, and Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leu, Yuh-Chyn

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to investigate the values demonstrated by an elementary school teacher in her mathematics teaching and what values her students perceived. This research adopted the valuing theory (Raths, Harmin & Simon, 1987) and used classroom observations and interviews to document the teacher's mathematics pedagogical values…

  2. Geopolitics of Quantum Buddhism: Our Pre-Hydrocarbon Tao Future (No Breakthrough at the Rio+20 Summit)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajrektarevic, Anis

    2013-01-01

    From Rio to Rio with Kyoto, Copenhagen and Durban in between, the conclusion remains the same: we fundamentally disagree on realities of this planet and the ways we can address them. A decisive breakthrough would necessitate both wider contexts and a larger participatory base so as to identify problems, formulate policies, and broaden and…

  3. Tibetan Buddhism's Influence on Daofu Tibetan Languages%Tibetan Buddhism's Influence on Daofu Tibetan Languages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gengawengmu

    2011-01-01

    Languages and religions air Detong to uu~L , between them. Language is the expressive form of culture, which contains all kinds of configurations of culture. Religion's production, diffusion, aberrance may influence language's development, change and function(Includes language's diffusion), Religious characteristic will keep some traces in the language.

  4. The Eastern Culture and Salinger--the Revelation of Spiritual Ecology of Buddhism in the Catcher in the Rye

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赫易; 胡鹏鹏

    2011-01-01

    The rapid development of science and technology brought about fundamental doubts about the traditional values and ethics which inevitably led to a spiritual crisis.Salinger had realized that with the deepening of the industrialization and mechanization in

  5. A Discussion on the Spread and Influence of Confucianism and Tibetan Buddhism on Each Other in Tibetan and Han Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Junzhe

    2014-01-01

    1 .The Basis , Path and Form of the spread of Confucianism into Tibetan Areas There is a specific historical background and intrinsic necessity regarding the spread of Confu-cianism into Tibetan areas .1 ) During the Tubo period (7th century to 877), the military and po-litical power of the Tubo were very strong .Howev-er , the development of their ideology and scientific culture was relatively weak;2 ) The extensive and profound ideological and cultural system contained in Confucianism was very attractive to the Tibet-ans;3 ) The similarities found in both Confucian-ism and Tibetan ideology was the basis for the a-doption of Confucianism by Tibetans .

  6. 曼荼罗与藏传佛教寺院布局%Mandala and Tibetan Buddhism Monastery's Layout

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄跃昊

    2015-01-01

    曼荼罗在藏传佛教寺院中的象征意义无处不在,通过对桑耶寺、塔尔寺等藏传佛教寺院布局进行分析,从曼荼罗图像特征的角度探讨藏传佛教布局型制形成之缘由,阐述曼荼罗与藏传佛教寺院布局之间的关系.

  7. "I" in Buddhism and in Jean-Paul Sartre's Thought%佛教之"我"与萨特之"我"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫春梅

    2009-01-01

    佛教所说的"我"有"人我"、"法我"两个含义,这与现代人通常所讲的"我"以及存在主义哲学家萨特的"我"是有所不同的.本文拟从本体论、论识论、价值观、实践观的角度对佛教之"我"与萨特之"我"略作剖析.

  8. The Tantric Buddhism Ritual Site Found in Anxi County%安西发现密教坛场遗址

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宝玺

    2005-01-01

    安西县城北疏勒河北岸戈壁滩上新近发现了密教坛场遗址.一般情况下,密教仪式坛场在作完佛事后并不有意保存,因此该遗址便成了极为罕见的保存至今的坛场遗址.

  9. Sixty Years of Tibetan Buddhist Studies in China%中国藏传佛教研究60年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈卫荣

    2010-01-01

    @@ Tibetan Buddhism is not only one of the two branches of Mahayana Buddhism, but also one of the two most important and evolving traditions of the contemporary Buddhism world.It has inherited and further developed all the traditions of Indian Buddhism.

  10. On the inferno culture and inferno ethics ideology relating to Buddhism%论佛教的地狱文化和地狱伦理思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹小栋

    2011-01-01

    佛教六道轮回之一的地狱是众生受恶业而遭受苦难的所在,在古代印度人们通过丰富的想象勾勒出了这一个充满黑暗的悲惨世界,这就是"地狱"(梵语niraja直译是泥犁或捺落伽),它暗示的是"众生皆苦"的佛教伦理,同时它在意识领域里更彰显的是另外的一个时空观念.佛教传入中国后,佛教地狱文化就是从历史的签转中逐步走向成熟的.佛教地狱文化主要表现在地狱名号、地狱时空、地狱昭示的思想伦理上.从而使佛教地狱文化对佛教伦理约束自我、适应社会的必然性提供论证,使得佛教善德在中国生根,成为中国传统伦理的必然.

  11. Buddhism and the Law of Consensual Divorce in Tang China%佛教与唐律“和离”制度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张朝阳

    2015-01-01

    “Heli”refers to the law regarding consensual divorce in pre -modern China.As a social practice,consensual divorce had existed from Pre -Qin to the Han period.But it was a deviation from the rit-ual norms that focused on family -clan duties,and hence not a legal rule.In the medieval period,however, due to the influence of Buddhist notions such as Uniting Causes and Conditions and Former Existing Causa-tion,the social attitude towards marriage was changed.Starting with an edict issued by the Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei,consensual divorce gradually acquired legitimacy and was elevated to the status of legal rule, which was defined by the Tang Law as “Heli”.The rule of “Heli”broke the ritual tradition,and the marriage was now viewed as the uniting of two individuals who had affections towards each other,instead of fulfilling one’s family -clan duty.Therefore,the emerging of “Heli”was a significant change in pre -modern Chinese marriage law.%“和离”是古代规范夫妻间因感情不和而协议离婚的法规。作为一种实践,它在先秦-汉代就存在,但一直游离于基于家庭-宗族义务的正统离婚规则之外。中古时期,受外来佛教“因缘和合”、“宿世因果”等思想的影响,中国的社会婚姻观念发生变化。以北魏孝文帝太和九年诏书为标志,“和离”逐渐获得了正当性并上升为法规,最终由唐律所定格并被后世承袭。“和离”规则的确立突破了礼法传统,把婚姻从男女家庭-宗族义务上升到了双方情感的结合,可谓古代婚姻法制一大变革。

  12. Comparison between Buddhism and Judaism and Religious Dialogue%佛教与犹太教比较及宗教对话刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘奉祯

    2010-01-01

    "全球伦理"运动席卷全球,掀起了寻求普遍伦理以及各文明、宗教对话的热潮.学者多重儒、佛、基督教等之间的比较,本文通过对佛教与犹太教的核心教义及律方面的比较探讨宗教对话的可行性,希望可以对宗教与文明对话提供一些有益的借鉴.

  13. 佛教对中古论说文的沾溉与影响%The Effects of Buddhism on the Argumentative Essays in Ancient China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王京州

    2013-01-01

    本文旨在探讨佛学经论对中古论说文的辐射与影响,以支遁、僧肇、刘勰的作品为分析对象,揭示了佛教影响论说文体的途径与方法,三人作品代表了中古论说文的最高成就,分别以“支理”、“肇论”、“文心”来指代.佛教对论说文的影响,在“支理”体现为:标新立异的耸听效果,论注参体的形式选择和条分缕析的论说方式;在“肇论”表现为:论序共纪的形式创新,“假致疑难”的论证方式以及华实相扶的语言追求;而“文心”则集中表现为“以兼为主”的论文观.具体来说,《文心雕龙》做到了辨体上论与说的统一、形式上理与辞的统一、创作上“弥纶群言”与“研精一理”的统一.

  14. Podstawy abhidharmicznej koncepcji umysłu. Pojęcie świadomości ( The Concepts of Mind and Consciousness in Abhidharma Buddhism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Szymański

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available According to Abhidharma thinkers mind is a set of many mental elements (dharmas. All these elements were regarded as impermanent. The basic dimension of the diachronically considered mind was believed to be a continuous succession of consciousness (citta elements. They were believed to lie at the foundation of any psychical activity. They were to be accompanied by other mental elements (called caitasika to determine the nature of cognitive, emotional and volitional activity of the mind at any given moment. Among them they recognised dharmas unavoidably accompanying citta elements (feelings, elements of attention, conceptual identifications, volitions etc.. The mind was apparently treated as an integral whole which is signified by the conviction that every mental dharma is adjusted to the character of the other simultaneous mental elements. Such a combination of mental dharmas was believed to determine the content of the mind in the succeeding moment (i.e. to bring about the new set of mental elements before it ceases, which is effected with such participating factors as karmic compensation and the influence of the environment.

  15. 藏传佛教寺院里的"运动员"--陀陀巴%Tuotuoba--Sportsman in Temples of Buddhism Passed on by Tibetan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘强

    2006-01-01

    "陀陀巴对抗赛"就是在藏传佛教寺院内部进行的体育活动.它的参加者都是各个寺院的陀陀巴,陀陀巴是原藏区特有的,它的存在体现着在佛教思想的禁锢下藏族体育发展的艰辛,同时也证明了其顽强的生命力."陀陀巴对抗赛"俨然就是现在的运动会."陀陀巴"就相当于运动员,他们有着自己独特的比赛项目和比赛方法.研究"陀陀巴对抗赛",虽是藏族体育发展过程中之一隅,离开了它将导致研究的不完整.

  16. Subduing the Serpent: A Narrative Strategy in the Conflicts between Buddhism and Daoism%降蛇--佛道相争的叙事策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴真

    2006-01-01

    自六朝以来,佛教与道教开始试图征服江南地区以蛇精为庙神的民间崇拜,从而在教内形成有关降蛇的叙事文本.在大量"蛇噬高道(僧)"叙事文本中又存在着佛道相互攻击的叙事母题.本文通过考察佛教与道教关于降蛇的叙事传统及宗教目的,试图指出形成故事的宗教文化土壤.

  17. 论佛教与印度教中的“曼荼罗”文化%Discussion on the “Mandala Culture” in Buddhism and Hinduism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    扎曲

    2012-01-01

    “曼荼罗”符号在佛教(尤其是密宗)和印度教中都有“现象”上的同品运用,但符号所具有的所指意义,以及符号组合和内核的能指寓意并不相同.从佛教和印度教的发展历史和教义来看,曼荼罗符号有着交叉点,也存在各自的独立空间,主要体现在象征寓意、宗教思辨及灵修实践、寺院建筑布局等方面.

  18. The characteristics of Mandala in monastic architecture of Tibetan Buddhism%曼陀罗在藏传佛教寺院建筑中的体现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓红; 王一丁

    2006-01-01

    寺院建筑的精神意义超越建筑空间的实际功能意义,曼陀罗的特征不仅体现在寺院建筑布局上也体现在建筑单体设计中,通过分析大昭寺、桑耶寺、贡嘎曲德寺这些建筑实例,解释藏传佛教寺院建筑所反映的曼陀罗的特征.

  19. 论儒佛兼修的林则徐书法%"Confucianism and Buddhism" and Lin-Zexu's Calligraphy Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰浩

    2015-01-01

    近代爱国民族英雄林则徐书法艺术展示其佛学净土信仰和儒学经世理想两种基本风格特征,儒佛兼修和其书法艺术风格相辅相成.从林则徐书法的深层意蕴、晚清思想史以及林则徐人生历程正确解读、剖析其儒佛兼修是把握林则徐内心世界的有效途径.儒学、佛法、林则徐书法艺术的多向互动和印证,显示他儒佛兼修的丰富内心世界及书法生成机制.

  20. 现代电子媒介与禅宗文化研究%On Modern electronic Media and Zen Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丽

    2014-01-01

    由于禅宗精神特质与时代心理需求的契合,再加上禅宗特有的民族文化意味,现代电子媒介对其进行了大力传播,有效推动了禅宗的现代化实践。电子媒介在对禅宗的传播上表现出了形式的多元化、角色的娱乐化、目标的市场化等特点,同时也令禅宗的传达显现出了复杂的双面效应,即直观化和简易化并存、普遍化与趋时化并存、时尚化与庸俗化并存。%Due to consistency of characteristic of Zen spirit and time psychological demand and special implication of na-tional culture,modern electronic media devote major effort to propagate Zen. Their effort effectively drove Zen to moderniza-tion. propagation of Zen by electronic media has the following features,diversity in forms,entertaining characters and mar-ketization of goal. At the same time,propagation of Zen has complicated two-side effect,co-existence of visualization and oversimplification,co-existence of university and trendy and co-existence of fashion and vulgarization.

  1. 汉传佛教建筑礼拜空间源流概述%General View on Religion Service Space of Architecture of Buddhism of Han Nationlity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勃

    2003-01-01

    本文通过对汉传佛教建筑礼拜空间的研究,探讨了其形成和定型的过程和原因.认为汉传佛教建筑的礼拜空间,既受到来自古印度佛教建筑的深刻影响,也受到来自西域中亚佛教建筑的影响和启发.由于汉地固有的木构建筑在空间使用方面具有很大的灵活性,通过改造可以满足佛教建筑礼拜空间的要求,因此汉传佛教建筑的礼拜空间逐渐被纳入到汉地世俗建筑的体系之中.

  2. 中国佛教寺庙宗教空间的意境塑造%Ideal condition mold of religion space in Chinese Buddhism temple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管欣; 李丹

    2008-01-01

    通过对宗教空间意境的分析,希望人们重视现代城市建设中缺乏意境内涵的现状,从而借鉴中国佛教寺庙宗教空间意境塑造手法,创造出优美的现代城市环境.

  3. 略论印度教与印度佛教的关系%Hinduism and Indian Buddhism:A Historical Connection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧东明

    2004-01-01

    在历史上,佛教是作为印度教的异端、同时也是在承续了印度教某些教义思想的基础上而产生的,其后印度教与印度佛教之间又存在着复杂的既相互竞争又相互吸收和影响的关系.在理论上,二者之间既存在着重大的区别(例如在对待"种姓制度"的问题上、在关于"空"与"有"的问题上),但也存在着许多出自同一文化背景的基本的一致性(例如关于"灵魂不灭"的观念、关于"业报轮回"的观念等).

  4. Pure Land or Pure Mind?: Locus of Awakening and American Popular Religious Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Richard K. Payne

    2015-01-01

    This essay has two sections, each with its own distinct goal, forming an interrelated whole. The first introduces “locus of awakening,” and applies it to the relative success in America of Zen and Tibetan Buddhisms, compared to Pure Land Buddhism. The explanatory power of the concept is demonstrated by also considering Soka Gakkai. The difference between popular culture treatments of Zen and Tibetan Buddhisms, and Pure Land Buddhism was the problematic leading to identifying locus of awakenin...

  5. Toward a Buddhist Sociology: Theories, Methods, and Possibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schipper, Janine

    2012-01-01

    This article explores potential links between Buddhism and sociology, highlighting the many commonalities between sociology and Buddhism, with an emphasis on ways that Buddhist thought and practice may contribute to the field of sociology. What could Buddhism offer to our understanding of social institutions, social problems, and to the dynamics…

  6. Religious Factors Historically Affecting Premodern Korean Elite/Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jeong-Kyu

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this document is to analyze the historical influences of Confucianism and Buddhism on Korean culture and to explore the religions' impact on Korean higher education. Three questions comprised the research: 1) What are the characteristics of Buddhism and Confucianism in Korean cultural history? 2) How did Buddhism have an effect on…

  7. NEW BOOKS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Study of Nuns of Tibetan Buddhism Nuns constitute a part of members of Tibetan Buddhism. Recent years have seen more girls and women apply to be nuns. Studying the why and the female body of the members of Tibetan Buddhism is therefore of practical significance. Authored by Degyi Zholma, the book provides a panoramic description of nuns, including history and status quo. To write

  8. Discussion on similarities between Guizhou Sorcery and Religious Cultural Phenomenon of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and Sorcery%试论贵州邪教与佛道儒巫宗教文化现象的相似性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安尊华

    2013-01-01

    贵州佛道儒巫虽有其自身的特性,但相互间并非完全对立和排斥,其包容性形成了佛道儒巫混杂的宗教文化现象,这种文化现象与邪教在信仰目标、教主崇拜、修炼方式、有经典和教义作为组织的依托等方面有一定的相似性,从而使贵州佛道儒巫混杂的宗教文化有可能为邪教的产生和存在提供温床.

  9. 佛教视野下丰子恺的酒肉观与护生观%Feng Zikai’s Views on the Consumption of Alcohol and Meat and the Protection of Beings from the Perspective of Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭战涛

    2015-01-01

    除了归依三宝之后的几年时间以及生病以外,丰子恺终生都嗜酒与食肉,嗜酒的内在动机是对艺术家兴味与嗜好的坚持,食肉则出于对三净肉的认同。过于宽松的护生观、闲情逸致的文化取向和特殊时期的特殊情绪,是丰子恺的护生言行出现偏差的三种原因,三种原因可以归结为一种原因,即丰子恺在修持方面的不足——不能精严持戒。酒肉及护生方面的观念与行为,展现了丰子恺精神世界的复杂性。%Except a few years after Feng zikai became a Buddhist and when he was ill, he was fond of drinking and eating meat throughout his entire life. His intrinsic motivation of drinking is his adherence to an artist’s interest and hobby, and eating meat is out of his approval of Sanjingrou (the meat of an animal that the follower did not see, hear or doubt it is killed for him). Feng zikai’s excessively lenient view of protection of beings, his leisurely and carefree living style and his special sentiment in a special period have his statements and actions deviated, and those three reasons above can actually come down to one:Feng Zikai has weakness in his practice--he can’t follow the precepts rigorously. Feng Zikai’s views and conducts on the consumption of alcohol and meat and the protection of beings reveal the complexity of his spiritual world.

  10. Buddhism,Medical Science and Hospice Care Practice——Based on the Anthropology%佛教、医学与临终关怀实践——基于人类学的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晋

    2007-01-01

    本文主要讨论佛教与临终关怀运动的结合,佛教所特有的生死哲学与冥想技术,为临终关怀运动的推广提供了重要的资源.通过对案例的叙述与分析,笔者将探讨在当代中国的语境下,佛教的临终关怀实践何以成为可能,并在更为抽象的认知层面,对医学与佛教做出比较.

  11. 《葛藤语笺》词典学价值管窥--以《禅宗大词典》为参照对象%Lexicography Value of Hokudo Jian---Taking Zen Buddhism Dictionary as Reference Object

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彬

    2016-01-01

    The zen dictionary Hokudo Jian was written by a Japanese scholar TAO Zhong .As for the codifi-cation style, the usage of “sub-volume classification, classification according to the ‘word’ (word) colla-tions” taxonomy, not only facilitatessearch by category for readers , but also facilitates statistics purpose for researchers .In addition to words , it includes the evasion of Zen sect and Zen books vocabulary idioms , and interpretation of “homologous” words .In the supplement explanation , it is more comprehensive because of the usage of literal meaning , pragmatic interpretation , and the combined use of inner and outer codes . Hokudo Jian has an important reference valueon contemporary lexicography .%《葛藤语笺》为日本学者无著道忠禅师所著的一部禅语辞书。在编纂体例上,采用“分卷中分类,分类中依‘言’(字)归类”的分类法,不仅便于读者按类查找,也便于研究者统计使用情况;在词语增补上,不仅囊括漏收的禅门宗门语汇以及禅籍俗成语,而且收释“同源异体”词;在补证释义上,字面义、语用义分释,内典外典结合,更加全面。《葛藤语笺》对当今辞书编纂具有重要的参考价值。

  12. "谪仙"意象与佛道精神——李商隐女冠诗探解%Image of "Relegated Immortal" and Chinese Buddhism and Taoism in Li Shangyin's Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何小芬; 李锐

    2011-01-01

    李商隐"谪仙"意象是寄寓的、他称的,强调的是"谪".这一迥乎以往的不以张扬面貌自称自是,而是以俯就的姿态向内回溯心灵、向外诉求神意的在世有罪的担负,以及俯身承托的在世的同情,绝不可能是一维精神的产物.道教在他这里是思考世界的出发点与全部审美的本源,佛教思维的植入才使他的性灵之目洞明而极具穿透力.这是形成他诗歌独特风貌的重要原因.

  13. 秦始皇时代佛教已传入中国考%A new discussion on the introduction of Buddhism into China which should be traced back to the Qin Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩伟

    2009-01-01

    佛教传入中国的时间,学术界多数认为是在汉明帝时,但是这种说法是不对的.有"禁不得祠"的记载, "不得"当为佛陀之音译,佛祠者即佛寺.始皇下令禁止,足见佛教在当时社会的普及.因此,我们应把佛教传入的时间修正为秦始皇时代.考古资料也证明,秦成阳、汉长安地区与印、欧存在"先丝路"的交往,使佛教在秦始皇时代传入中国成为可能.

  14. Chon Tae Order of Korean Buddhism and its Key Monasteries(Part 2)%韩国佛教天台宗及主要寺院概览(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    普正

    2001-01-01

    韩国是一个佛教文化底蕴十分浓厚的国家,在韩国的文物和宝物中,据说百分之七十以上都是佛教文物,而大部分宝物都保存在寺院里,寺院的建筑更是韩国建筑艺术的精髓。虽然因宗派的不同,各寺院的建筑各具特色,但它们主体上都保持了佛教传统的建筑风格。

  15. The Thinking of the Field of Blessedness in Buddhism and Cherish Charity in the Medieval China%《佛说诸德福田经》与中古佛教的慈善事业

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国刚

    2003-01-01

    及其经变画宣传一种福田思想,倡导僧俗大众通过救助济贫、施医治病和养护放生,获得福报.其理念与实践尽管有宗教的色彩,但是在客观上有利于社会公益事业,佛教福田观念是中华慈善思想的重要来源.

  16. On Communication of Buddhism Culture from Perspective of New Media——Lingyin Temple in Hangzhou as an Example%佛教文化的新媒体传播——以杭州灵隐寺为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琦; 罗京

    2015-01-01

    新媒体时代的到来为佛教文化传播带来发展的东风.以杭州灵隐寺为代表的传统庙宇在新媒体传播中,以弘扬佛教教义为精神旨归,精心建构传播文本,契合现实社会语境与受众心理期待,逐渐探索出新的传播模式与路径.

  17. Fusion Buddhism Music Between Tibetan and Chinese%藏汉佛教音乐的融合——康定鱼通区庄上村佛教音乐的田野调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江影

    2008-01-01

    最近,笔者对四川甘孜州康定鱼通区庄上村部分土生土长的藏族居民作了宗教信仰方面的初步考察,发现该地区居民宗教信仰以藏传佛教为主,其闻又夹杂着汉传佛教,本文主要是通过对该地区佛教音乐的分析,从而解读其藏汉佛教音乐相融的历史渊源.

  18. From Mandala to Freestyle:Discussion about the Change of Tibetan Buddhism Monastery's Layout%从曼陀罗到自由式——谈藏传佛教寺院布局形制的转变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄跃昊

    2010-01-01

    西藏早期的寺院布局主要是采用印度的曼陀罗模式,后弘期以来,藏传佛教寺院布局避渐开始形成自身特点,采用自由式布局.谊文从青藏高原特殊地理气候、人文环境、寺院组织与等级制度等角度分析了藏传佛教寺院自由武布局形成的原因.

  19. 佛教中国化对马克思主义中国化的现实启示%The Localization of Buddhism as a Source of Inspiration for the Localization of Marxism in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖立斌

    2011-01-01

    佛教中国化最成功的宗派--禅宗从"不立文字"到"不离文字"而由盛转衰的事实启示我们,马克思主义中国化的主要发展方式不是解释学的而是实践的;佛教中国化进程中诸宗争鸣推动佛教发展的事实启示我们,在确保马克思主义在意识形态领域的指导地位的前提下,应形成一些具有区域特色的马克思主义中国化派别,使马克思主义创新的活力在政治精英、学术精英和民间精英中国时激发;禅宗创立者慧能宣扬"佛性即无南北"并尊称听众为"善知识"的事实启示我们,马克思主义中国化必须歌颂大众、发动大众并尊重大众的首创精神;佛教普度众生的多重法门启示我们,推进马克思主义中国化,必须加快推进以改善民生为重点的社会建设,把对人的精神关怀建立在现实的社会制度关怀和物质生活关怀的基础之上.

  20. 中国佛道建筑装饰与西方基督教建筑装饰比较%Comparision of the Architecture Adorment of China's Buddhism and Religion of Taoism with That of Western Christianity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张近慧

    2007-01-01

    宗教是人类发展史重要的组成部分,作为一种特定的文化形态,贯穿于社会生活之中,并以难以理解的力量支配着人们的精神世界.东西方不同的哲学思想,在宗教中有或类似或迥异的体现.文章从比较文化的角度,对中国佛教、道教建筑装饰和西方基督教建筑装饰进行分析比较,探讨中西方文化、艺术和哲学思想的异同.

  1. 印度教的"救赎仪式"与印度佛教"解脱理念"辨析%Analysis of Hinduism "Redemption Ceremony" and Indian Buddhism "Extrication Concept"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭洪纪

    2011-01-01

    从源流上看,印度教和印度佛教都是缘起于古代印度的婆罗门教,仅从婆罗门的救赎仪式和救赎理念延续方面,可以看出印度教和印度佛教在救世论方面具有一脉相承的理路特征.不同之处在于,印度教侧重于救赎仪式,印度佛教侧重于伦理建构,在长期的发展中呈相互补益之势,这是人们在研究印度宗教文化影响时应予以注意的.

  2. 禅宗文化的性别倾向及其对男性文学创作的影响%A Study of Influence of Gender Bias in Zen Buddhism Culture on Contemporary Male Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李满; 陈韩兴

    2010-01-01

    禅宗文化就其总的性别倾向来说,具有女性性别倾向,但其自身内部亦存在着阴阳互补关系.而恰恰是这种阴阳两性倾向兼有的性质,使得男女两性在解悟和接受禅宗文化时各有所取,侧重不同.当代男性文学创作较为鲜明地体现了禅宗文化阳刚的一面.

  3. 禅宗文化的性别倾向对当代女性文学创作的影响%A Study of Influence of Gender Bias in Zen Buddhism Culture on Contemporary Female Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李满

    2010-01-01

    禅宗文化就其总的性别倾向来说,具有女性性别倾向,但其自身内部亦存在着阴阳互补关系.而恰恰是这种阴阳两性倾向兼有的性质,使得男女两性在解悟和接受禅宗文化时各有所取,侧重不同.当代女性文学创作较为鲜明地体现了禅宗文化阴柔的一面.

  4. 早期禅宗史上的变革:从《楞伽经》到《金刚经》%The reformation of Zen Buddhism in early history:from Lankavatara Sutra to Vajracchedika Sutra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭洁

    2012-01-01

    达摩以《楞伽经》传授心要,而弘忍改易以《金刚经》相授。这种变革,主观上说明了弘忍的独立思考能力,客观上则与修禅主体、禅学内容、禅修方法、持经效果等有关,从中亦可看出南北两宗分化的历史根源。%Bodhidharma used Lankavatara Sutra to spread the essentials of the mind,but Hong Ren replaced it with Vajracchedika Sutra.The information indicates the personal ability of independence of Hong Ren subjectively.And it relates to the meditating body、the theory of Zen、the method of meditation、the effect of sutra holding objectively.It also provides the historical reason why Zen divided into the south Zen and the north Zen.

  5. Secularity, Philistinism and the Issues in the Development of Contemporary Chinese Buddhism%世俗化、庸俗化与当代中国佛教发展中的问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈卫星

    2007-01-01

    当代佛教在发展过程中,出现了一些令人忧虑的问题.以史为鉴,可以看出,如果坚持佛教的基本精神和核心理念,佛教可以通过世俗化的方式得到广泛弘传.但是,世俗化决不等同于庸俗化.佛教出现庸俗化的倾向,意味着偏离了佛教的基本精神和核心理念.要解决佛教在发展中出现的诸多问题,必须重视佛教理论的继承与创新,加强僧众的学习与教育,践行和发扬佛教精神,健全佛教组织与制度.

  6. 藏传佛教《时轮经》中的伊斯兰教表述%The Islamic Factors of the Abridged Kalachakra Tantra of Tibetan Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周传斌; 胡美娟

    2013-01-01

    《时轮经》全称《时轮金刚大根本续经》,是藏传佛教中地位非常重要的一部经典.相传,该经系释迦牟尼佛为以香巴拉法王月贤为首暨北方迦婆罗萨化身的九十六法王和其无量数的清净眷属所讲说的.《时轮经》的独特之处在于其不仅提到了伊斯兰教兴起后对香巴拉的入侵,还记载了一种独特的伊斯兰教先知谱系.

  7. 佛学与科学的融合与碰撞--以量子力学为例%Merge and Collision for Buddhism and Science:Quantum Mechanics as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗诗裕

    2015-01-01

    The idealist advocates that world is in my mind, while materialism advocates that the world is an objective real-ity.They think that understanding is just a subjective memory, or an objective reflection.In fact, the understanding process should be interacting process between subject and object.Without the interaction there would be no understanding.Any understanding should be subjective or objective, so both the subjective understanding without the object, and the objective understanding without subjective are not really understandings, because they cannot confirm philosophical abstraction.%唯心论说世界在我心中,唯物论说世界是客观存在。他们认为认识只是一种主观回忆,或是一种客观反映。其实,认识过程应该是主体和客体相互作用的过程,没有这种相互作用就没有认识。任何认识都应当是主观的也是客观的,离开了客体的主观认识与离开了主体的客观认识都不是真正的认识,因为它们都是不能证实的哲学抽象。

  8. Ugress er også blomster Akseptering sett fra et Zen buddhistisk perspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Grotle, Erling Andreas

    2009-01-01

    The goal of this theoretical paper is to present some principles based on Zen Buddhism and to ask whether these principles can be of relevance to psychotherapy. The presentation of Zen Buddhism is mainly based on Barry Magids books. This thesis discusses whether Zen Buddhism and its emphasis on acceptance, especially of impermanence, no-self, and suffering, can be of value within a psychotherapy practice. Furthermore, it is discussed if meditation can be of therapeutic value within a psychoth...

  9. Aloha Buddha

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borup, Jørn

    2013-01-01

    , Buddhism is an obvious case for investigating such issues, just as Hawaii with its long migration history and religious pluralism is an obvious living laboratory for studying such configurations. This article investigates Japanese American Buddhism in Hawaii, focusing on the relationship between religion...... and ethnicity. By analyzing contemporary religious life and the historical context of two Japanese American Zen temples in Maui, it is argued that the ethnic and cultural divide related to spirituality follow a general tendency by which the secularization of Japanese Americans’ communal Sangha Buddhism...... is counterbalanced by a different group’s spiritualization of Buddhism....

  10. MEDITATION AS THE NON-MEDIATED PERCEPTION

    OpenAIRE

    Petrenko, Victor; Kucherenko, Vladimir

    2010-01-01

    Authors discuss notable philosophical and psychological aspects of Buddhism and Hinduism, as well as different features of meditation techniques in their relations to psychological study of consciousness.

  11. Training vs. Education in Forming Won Buddhist "Kyomus" in the USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Bokin

    2006-01-01

    An historically familiar tension in East Asian Buddhism between meditation and cultivation in broad learning has appeared in discussions and planning for preparing ministerial students in Won Buddhism. This paper reviews the history of preparation in this order, which was founded in 1916. While the alternatives of training based on practice and…

  12. Jigten Gönpo on meat and alcohol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sobisch, Jan-Ulrich

    2013-01-01

    A review of the principle arguments for the prohibition or permission of meat and alcohol in the three vehicles of Buddhism.......A review of the principle arguments for the prohibition or permission of meat and alcohol in the three vehicles of Buddhism....

  13. Characteristics of the Self-Actualized Person: Visions from the East and West.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Raylene; Page, Richard C.

    1991-01-01

    Compares and contrasts the ways that Chinese Taoism and Zen Buddhism view the development of human potential with the ways that the self-actualization theories of Rogers and Maslow describe the human potential movement. Notes many similarities between the ways that Taoism, Zen Buddhism, and the self-actualization theories of Rogers and Maslow…

  14. Eastern Sources of Invitational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryback, David

    1993-01-01

    Presents historical perspective suggesting that invitational theory shares many beliefs with ancient Eastern philosophies. Submits that teachers and other educators who embrace the invitational perspective may benefit from an understanding of Eastern principles. Briefly describes Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Zen Buddhism, and their relevance to…

  15. Elder Gongga 貢噶老人 (1903-1997) between China, Tibet and Taiwan : Assessing Life, Mission and Mummification of a Buddhist Woman

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Travagnin, Stefania

    2016-01-01

    Elder Gongga (1903-1997), a Chinese Buddhist woman native of Beiping, played a crucial role in the transmission of Tibetan Buddhism in China and Taiwan, bridged Dharma traditions, and merged Buddhist and cultural identities; she also became an eminent nun in the history of female Buddhism for life a

  16. BOOK REVIEWS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This book by Professor Chen Yunü is a multi-faceted study of Buddhism during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644).The aim of the research as stated by the author is to clarify the social role of Buddhist institutions during that period and to explicate the "laicization" of Buddhism during the Ming (pp.30-31).

  17. ALAM SEMESTA (LINGKUNGAN DAN KEHIDUPAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF BUDHISME NICHIREN DAISHONIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Rahayu Wilujeng

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Buddhism taught by Sidhartha Gautama in India about two thousand years B.C. has spread throughout the world. From India to Tibetan Buddhism evolved, China and into Japan. Buddhism in Japan has distinct characteristics compared to Buddhism elsewhere. In Japan, Buddhism is mixed with a strong Japanese spirituality. This paper is the result of a brief research on the book, as well as the Buddhists by means of dialogue. The general objective of this paper is to get a general idea of ​​the concept of Nichiren cosmology, particularly on the subject of the universe (environment and life. The specific objective of this paper is the growing awareness to be open to understand other religions. It takes an attitude to want to investigate a  religion without fanaticial attitude or prejudice. Key words: Nichiren Daishonin, Universe, Life

  18. Buddhist Activism and Chinese Modernity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung-yok Ip

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The history of modern Chinese Buddhism has begun to attract attention in recent years. Some scholars have done inspiring research as they unravel the integration of Buddhism into the highly secularized process of Chinese modernity by drawing on the repository of knowledge on modern China. While this special issue joins this exciting endeavor, it also uses Buddhism as a window to reflect on scholarship on Chinese modernity. Conceptually, this special issue presses scholars in the field of modern China to rethink the place of tradition in the course of modernity. Thematically we show the expansionist impulse of Chinese Buddhism: In addition to envisioning the geographical expansion of their religion, Chinese Buddhists have endeavored to enhance the significance of Buddhism in various dimensions of Chinese society in particular and human life in general.

  19. Between two civilisations

    OpenAIRE

    Tinti, Paola

    1998-01-01

    Buddhism is believed to have all but died out in India following the thirteenth century Muslim invasion. However, in Bengal groups of non-Bengali people have continued to practice Therāvada Buddhism, which they are said to have imported from nearby Burma, or which they were converted to from other forms of Buddhism after migrating to Bengal. Their practices were "reformed" in 1856 by Burmese monks. An analysis of the historical material reveals a tendency by non-Buddhist Be...

  20. Mogula (Sorcerer) in The Story of Zaoshutun--The duality of Sorcery and Buddhism in The Story of Zaoshutun%《召树屯》里的摩古拉--谈《召树屯》的巫佛二重性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵云芳

    2006-01-01

    是傣族著名的民间叙事长诗,在其形成与发展的过程中,佛教是一个重要的影响因素,除此之外,傣族的原始宗教也在这个过程中发挥了重要作用,本文结合傣族特定的历史背景,说明是傣族原始宗教与佛教相结合的产物.而里的巫师摩古拉形象,是这一磨合过程中的一个艺术典型.

  1. 《西游记》十考——印度密教与神魔小说研究一得%Investigations on Ten Points in the Journey to the West: Some New Findings from Studying the Relationship between Indian Esoteric Buddhism and Chinese Novels Depicting Gods Subduing Monsters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛克翘

    2015-01-01

    现代,中国和日本学术界对小说《西游记》研究很多,但主要聚焦于作者、版本、成书年代、人物来源、情节构思等问题,且争论不下.本文试图在前人已有研究成果的基础上,从密教的角度对《西游记》中的人物、事件、物品等作考证,以期将该研究深入一步,打破僵局,开阔视野.

  2. “太虚”与“涅槃”:《列子注》融庄佛之人生境界%"Void" and "Nirvana":"the Liezi Note" integrated Zhuangzi and Buddhism into the Realm of Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞鲁晓

    2011-01-01

    Zhang Zhan noted the "Lie Zi" and established the "void" theory that took "empty" as the noumenon,in order to establish one kind of ontology for the famous litterateur in Eastern Jin Dynasty who can pursuit an ideal personality and the spirit of freedom.T%张湛注《列子》,建立了以"虚"为本体的"至虚"理论,其目的在于为东晋名士建立一种本体的体系,以便于追求一种理想的人格和自由的精神境界。这个精神境界被张湛规定为"太虚"之境,既有着庄子"逍遥游"的心灵维度,又与佛教的"涅槃"之境界有着异曲同工之妙。张湛赋予"太虚"宗主的地位,以此参悟死亡的真切含义,从终极关怀的意义上摆脱生与死的困惑,最终实现既符合本能的欲望,又不背离自然之道,达到形与神的和谐,成就人生的最高境界。

  3. 一个佛教徒的科学观——在中北大学"科学视野中的佛教"研讨会上的发言%A Buddhist View on Science——Keynote Speech on the Seminar in Topic of Buddhism in Vision of Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    学诚

    2008-01-01

    @@ 三百年来,科学的发展取得了举世瞩目的成就,其成果被用来改造自然界,并极大地促进了人类物质生活的改善.对世界上大多数人来说,并不一定真正懂得科学是什么,由于科学所带来的实实在在的利益,使人们对之产生越来越坚固的信赖,这种信赖也反过来加速了科学的发展.

  4. 中国佛教协会、中华宗教文化交流协会联合举办"科学视野中的佛教"研讨会%B. A. C. and CRCCA Jointly Held the Seminar in Topic of Buddhism in Vision of Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐长安

    2008-01-01

    @@ 中新社北京10月27日电(记者 徐长安)中华宗教文化交流协会27日发布消息称,刚刚闭幕的"科学视野中的佛教"研讨会是中国国内首次围绕宗教与科学关系展开的对话,本次会议是一次重要的尝试.

  5. Some More Comments on Relationship between Ghost Novels and Esoteric Buddhism: after Reading Trace to Chinese and Indian Literary Source from Strange Tales from a Lonely Studio%也谈神怪小说与密教的关涉——《〈聊斋志异〉中印文学溯源研究》读后

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛克翘

    2012-01-01

    《〈聊斋志异〉中印文学溯源研究》,占有资料相当丰备,站到了该研究的学术前沿;擅民间文学研究与比较文学研究之长,从细处着手,连类比附,使《聊斋》研究的视野更为开阔,该书与密教相关的问题可以补充发挥。%Abstract: Trace to Chinese and Indian Literary Source from Strange Tales from a Lonely Studio was written with rich material and reached the academic frontier of the study. Being good at folk literature and comparative litera- ture, the author started writing from details and used many methods, widening the view of the study on Tales from a Lonely Studio. Strange

  6. THE SEARCH FOR PEACE AND HARMONY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The first international Buddhist forum in China calls for a harmonious world C iting the famous quotation by Sakyamuni Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, "He who plants a tree will go to Heaven," Buddhist masters note that the religion advocates

  7. Contemporary Tibetan's View of Tulkus(sprul-sku)%当代藏族人的活佛观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    嘎·达哇才仁

    2010-01-01

    @@ Introduction This article relies on a combination of questionnaires and interviews in an attempt to understand contemporary Tibetans' basic opinions of and attitudes towards incarnate lamas.The incarnate lama is the highest religious practitioner in Tibetan Buddhism.

  8. ChinaEthical Challenges for Church and Society in a Globalised World

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ChristophStuckelberger

    2004-01-01

    China with its very long history and profound culture has a highly developed moral basis in its society. This culture is influenced by different,impressive value systems,especially Confucianism,but also Buddhism,

  9. Religion in Human Culture: An Elective Social Studies Course about World Religions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Lee H.; Bodin, Wesley J.

    1978-01-01

    Outlines a course which utilizes rational processes to teach high school students about religious diversity. Topics covered are Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and religious issues in contemporary society. (Author/DB)

  10. Having views, abandoning views

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sobisch, Jan-Ulrich

    2013-01-01

    In the bKa' brgyud tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, holding a philosophical view cannot produce an understanding of ultimate reality. The article contains some arguments why views must ultimately be abandoned....

  11. Writing History of Buddhist Thought in the Twentieth Century: Yinshun (1906-2005 in the Context of Chinese Buddhist Historiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Bingenheimer

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Venerable Yinshun 印 順 (1906–2005 was the eminent scholar-monk in twentieth-century Chinese Buddhism. This paper is about his historiographical practice and tries to outline his position in Chinese Buddhist historiography especially in reference to the Song dynasty historian Zhipan 志磐 (thirteenth century. It tries to answer the question in what ways Yinshun can be said to have modernized Buddhist historiography for Chinese Buddhism.

  12. 06 現代韓国における儒教の「死」の意識と葬送儀礼― 朴孝秀巨儒に見る事例を中心として ―

    OpenAIRE

    曺, 起虎; Cho, KiHo

    2012-01-01

    Korea is a multireligious country where funerals and ancestral rites are not connected with one particulartraditional religion. But in Japan such ceremonies involve Buddhist rituals that have not changed during thecountry’s history. This is a significant difference between the two countries.The most drastic change in ancestral rites on the Korean Peninsula is associated with the concept of deathand funerals based on the syncretism of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. To be precise, Buddhism ...

  13. Mindfulness i vesten

    OpenAIRE

    Olsen, Maria; Sekamane, Ida; Olsen, Lizette; Jensen, Pernille

    2015-01-01

    This study project investigates Buddhist meditation in comparison to isolated mindfulness. The first part of the paper will explain Buddhism and Buddhist values, along with the subject terms. This part is mainly based on Buddhist Sutras and interpretations of same. The project will furthermore introduce the theory “Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction”, addressing the development of Buddhism into modern Western culture. This argument is discussed based on selected articles and theoretical books...

  14. 面接場面における気づきの研究 : 心理的気づきから宗教的気づきへ

    OpenAIRE

    友久, 久雄

    2010-01-01

    This paper compared the treatment of suffering as found in religion and counseling through the case of a mother of a "school refusal". Although both Buddhism and counseling attempt to address a mind-based view of human suffering, it must not be forgotten that Buddhism does so within an explicitly religious framework. Buddhist suffering is framed within the total existential situation of life-death. The goal of Buddhists is to attain enlightenment and become a buddha, as expressed in the phras...

  15. 从寺院建筑看佛教在中国的本土化%On the Localization of Buddhist Architecture in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范英豪

    2012-01-01

    佛教自东汉时自印度侍八中国,经过魏晋南北朝时的大规模融台,成为中古以来影响中国文化的重要外来文明之一。以佛教建筑为例,中国佛教在寺院形制、佛塔和寺院景观三个方面作了调整,以促成佛教在中国的本土化,从而形成了与印度原始佛教迥异的中国佛教建筑。%Buddhism has become a very important part of Chinese culture since the Eastern Han dynasty As a kind of exotic civilization, Buddhism transferred from India to China, got through a massive fusion in the Wei, Jin and the Northern and Southern dynasties, and greatty influenced Chinese traditional culture. To facilitate the localization of Buddhism in China, Buddhism made some adjustments, For example, Buddhist architecture has changed on temple structure, stupa and monastery landscape At last, Chinese Buddhism formed its unique individuality that is very different from the Indian primitive Buddhism.

  16. The Problem of the Inefficacy of Knowledge in Early Buddhist Soteriology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan Showler

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Early Buddhism has been described as a “gnostic soteriology” in that itsees the chief cause of life’s unsatisfactoriness to be ignorance of certain metaphysical truths, and that once this ignorance is eliminated through awareness of the true nature of reality, the suffering that is rooted in ignorance goes away with it. In what follows, I will describe a significant problem that early Buddhism faces, as does any gnostic soteriology, and propose a solution to the problem. This is a quasi-analytic study of early Buddhist epistemology in that it applies some of the standard ideas about knowledge that have guided analytic epistemology for some time to a specific problem that confronts the early Buddhist attempt to claim that knowing some truths about reality will transform us in some significant way. When speaking of “early Buddhism” in what follows, I intend those teachings contained in thePali canon, which the Theravada tradition has sought to preserve. Historically Buddhism quickly moves away from the Theravada focus on nirvana and into the various schools of the “Great Vehicle” of the Mahayana Tradition. My characterization of Buddhism as a gnostic soteriology refers only to a form of Buddhism that may be limited to the earliest part of the movement and the conservative wing (Theravada that has sought to preserve its earliest form ever since.

  17. 从"理学别派"到士人佛学——由明清思想史的主题演进试论近代唯识学的思想特质%From the"Alternative School of Principles" to the Lay Buddhism:On the conceptual features of modern Consciousness-Only School from the perspective of the evolution of thought during the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志强

    2009-01-01

    The best representatives of the self-reflection of xinxue心学(the School of Mind)and its development during the Ming and Qing Dynasties are the three masters from the late Ming Dynasty.The overall tendency is to shake off the internal constraints of the School of Mind by studying the Confucian classics and history.During the Qing Dynasty,Dai Zhen had attempted to set up a theoretical system based on Confucian classics and history,offering a theoretical foundation for a new academic movement that gradually suspended issues studied by the School of Mind.But the suspension of these issucs does not Mind)has emerged from a bottleneck in the development of the Conlucian yi li transcendent connection between the doctrine of meanings and principles and the Dao was through the internality of belief.In this case,the Lay Buddhists,represented by Peng Shaosheng,Wang Dashen and Luo Yougao,as lixue biepai Mind had undertaken in the late Ming Dynasty,thus becoming a shelter for the Confucian doctrine of meanings and principles.To a certain extent,the revival of simply a continuance of the"Alternative School of Principles".It took over the Lay Buddhist theme of the doctrine of meanings and principles of the Qing Dynasty and tried to construct a new pattern of learning for Confucian classics that matched up with the doctrine of meanings and principles,offering a model of integration for the reconstruction of the Confucian tradition.%明清之际对心学的检讨以及心学内部的发展,以晚明三大师为代表,其总的倾向是以经史之学的学问方式走出心学的内在性束缚.到了清代,戴震则尝试从独立的经史之学出发建设一种新的理论系统,试图为这一逐渐搁置心学问题的新的学术运动提供理论基础.不过,心学的被搁置,并不意味着心学所指涉问题的消失.彭绍升的"心宗"已经突破了儒家义理学发展的瓶径:义理学与道体的超越关联必须透过信仰的内在性来获得.以彭绍升、汪大绅、罗有高为代表的居士佛教,作为"理学别派",承担起了在晚明由心学所承担的功能,从而成为儒家义理学的寄身之所.近代唯识学的复兴,在一定意义上是对"理学别派"的继承.不仅在义理学的意义上接过了清代居士佛学的主题,更在清代朴学的传统上,尝试重构一种与义理学配合的新的经学模式,在唯识学的基盘上为重构儒学传统提供了一种极有意义的整合模式.

  18. Main Contents Abstracts and Key Words

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Metaphor and Symbol: Religious Connotations and its Spread of LaoZi's Illustrations of the Eighty-one Conversions HU Chuntao [Abstract] LaoZi's illustrations of the eighty-one conversions has some kinds of connection with LaoZiHuaHU Oing, thus it suffered disputes under the argument between Buddhism and Taoism. In twenty years after its first appearance, the set of illustration developed rapidly, but it once disappeared under the attack of Buddhism and governor in Yuan dynasty. Over a century later, it came back in the first half of the 15th century and spreaded widely in the 16th century. The set of illustration and its process of spreading filled with metaphorical atmosphere. [Key words]LaoZi's illustrations of the eighty-one conversions; relationship between Buddhism and Taoism; spread

  19. Buddhist Revival under State Watch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Laliberté

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Chinese Communist Party has shown tolerance, if not direct support, for the growth of Buddhism over the last few decades. Three explanations for this lenient attitude are explored in this article. The flourishing of Buddhism is encouraged by the state less for its propaganda value in foreign affairs than for its potential to lure tourists who will, in turn, represent a source of revenue for local governments. Buddhist institutions are also establishing their track record in the management of philanthropic activities in impoverished area where local governments lack the resources to offer specific social services. Finally, the development of such activities has contributed to enhance cooperation between China and Taiwan, whose governments have a vested interest in the improvement of relations across the Strait. The article concludes that the growth of Buddhism in China results from the initiatives of Buddhists themselves, and the government supports this growth because it serves local politics well.

  20. Exorcising the Mandala: Kālacakra and the Neo-Pentecostal Response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Harrington

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the late 1990s, the Dalai Lama's "Kalachakra for World Peace" initiation has emerged as a central site where Tibetan Buddhism and its relationship to the West have been imagined and acted upon by a movement within evangelical Christianity called Spiritual Mapping. In Mapping understanding, the Kālacakra is a vehicle by which the current Dalai Lama prepares for the end times by seeking to transform America into "a universal Buddhocracy" called the Kingdom of Shambhala. Tibetan Buddhism is, in short, a missionary competitor for global religious domination. Here, the Tibetan-evangelical encounter is presented as the by-product of the simultaneous globalizations of Tibetan Buddhism and Evangelicalism with the human rights discourse in late twentieth century America. The "exorcism of the mandala" is read as both by-product and critique of globalization, and to engender a thoughtful re-evaluation of long-standing Buddhist Studies analytics.

  1. From Buddhist Hippies to Buddhist Geeks: The Emergence of Buddhist Postmodernism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Gleig

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on discourse analysis and ethnography, this paper will critically examine the effects of generational differences emerging in North American Buddhism through an analysis of the Buddhist Geeks network. Buddhist Geeks is an online Buddhist media company and community that launched in 2007. It consists of a weekly audio podcast and a digital magazine component and since 2011, has hosted an annual conference. I will discuss the main characteristics and concerns of the Buddhist Geeks community and explore how it can be situated both in relationship to traditional Buddhism and Buddhist modernism. In conclusion, I reflect on whether Buddhist Geeks signals the emergence of a new, distinctly postmodern stage in the wider assimilation of Buddhism in America.

  2. モンゴル時代の「道仏論争」の実像:クビライの中国支配への道

    OpenAIRE

    中村淳

    1994-01-01

    The disputes between one sect of Taoism Quan-zhen-jiao (全真教) and the Zen sect (禅宗) of Buddhism arose three times in the reign of the Emperor Möngke. According to the Zhi-yuan-bian-wei-lu (至元辯偽録) compiled by a Buddhist monk which have been regarded as the only relevant literature, it is reported that these disputes ended in a victory for Buddhism. As the result of examining relevant parts of a report of mission composed by William of Rubruck and a Tibetan chronicle Hu-lan-deb-ther, we have fou...

  3. 『新仏教』にみる仏教界の教養化

    OpenAIRE

    手戸, 聖伸

    2001-01-01

    This paper has two primary objectives. The first is to interpret the wider significance of the shin-bukkyo undo, or New Buddhism Movement, beyond the established definitions of "Buddhism" and "religion," in Meiji- and Taisho-era Japan. The second is to demonstrate that this movement influenced and was influenced by one of the trends of this period, Kyoyo (known commonly by the German term Bildung, or self-cultivation). I will begin with an introductory examination of studies that have been ma...

  4. Quranic Miracles in the Book of "Syafiah" written by Abdul Qaher Jurjaani

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuslina Mohamed

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to highlight points of convergency and dissimilarities in the teachings of Buddhism and Sufism in the aspect of spirituality. It describes the path of a wayfarer in his spiritual journey to attain fana’, the highest achievement and the final state of spiritual experiences in the teachings of Islamic Mysticism, and also Buddhist paths to attain Nirwana, the ultimate goal of Buddhist life. The practices and the strict code of ethics in the process of self-purification or purification of the soul, in the spiritual path to attain the ultimate goal in the teachings of both Sufism and Buddhism are also discussed.

  5. One or many Buddhas?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sobisch, Jan-Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    According to Pali Buddhist sources, there can only be one Buddha per world system. Mahayana Buddhism maintains different view, which is argued here by 'Jig rten gsum mgön based, among other things, on a quotation from the Uttaratantrashastra (= Ratnagotravibhaga).......According to Pali Buddhist sources, there can only be one Buddha per world system. Mahayana Buddhism maintains different view, which is argued here by 'Jig rten gsum mgön based, among other things, on a quotation from the Uttaratantrashastra (= Ratnagotravibhaga)....

  6. 独树一帜的藏传佛教觉域派尼僧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    德吉卓玛

    2005-01-01

    The Joyul tradition, which was founded in the 11th century; was one of the most important sects of Tibetan Buddhism. This tradition may trace its origins back to Pha Dampa Sangye, a well-known monk who was a native of South India, and was founded by Macik Labdron(ma-cig lab-sgron), a famous Tibetan Yogini (a female practitioner of the Yogachara schooD. It was the only sect founded by a female in the history of Tibetan Buddhism, and this is also rarely seen in the world history of world religions.

  7. Easternization of the East?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borup, Jørn

    2015-01-01

    Zen Buddhism has for decades fascinated the West, and the former elitist tradition has in contemporary times become part of a broader popular culture. Zen is for Buddhists, but it is also part of a general “Easternization” and alleged “spiritual revolution” narrative. In Japan both Zen and...... domains are separate and that such a division is based on general differences in culturally constrained narratives (Western/Japanese, Zen/spirituality). Besides focusing on a concrete Japanese context, the article thus also contributes to research on global and transnational (Zen) Buddhism as well as to...

  8. Livsforståelsen i buddhismen - med særlig vekt på situasjonen i Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, Arild

    2013-01-01

    Buddhismen ble grunnlagt av Siddhartha Gautama, den historiske Buddha (en tittel som betyr ”den som har våknet opp”). Han døde mellom år 400 og 486 f.Kr. og ble født i det nåværende Nepal, åtti år tidligere. Den eneste retning av den eldre buddhisme som eksisterer i dag er theravada buddhismen, og for enkelthets skyld vil jeg kalle all eldre buddhisme for theravada, i denne avhandlingen. Deres skrift samling kalles ”Tripitaka”, og de fire edle sannheter finnes her. Pali sk...

  9. Ancient Chinese Philosophical Advice: Can it help us find happiness today?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Veenhoven (Ruut); Z. Guoqing

    2009-01-01

    textabstractConfucianism, Buddhism and Taoism are three main classic Chinese philosophy schools, which all deal with the question of how one should live. In this paper we first review these ancient recommendations and next consider whether they promise a happy life in present day society. Recommende

  10. A Manual for Teachers of Indochinese Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phap, Dam Trung

    This is a manual for teachers of Indochinese students. The manual begins with brief cultural, linguistic, and historical descriptions of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodian people. The tenets of animism, Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, and Christianity, as practiced in Indochina are reviewed. Also discussed are Indochinese attitudes toward learning and…

  11. Signature Strengths in Positive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molony, Terry; Henwood, Maureen

    2010-01-01

    Positive psychology can be thought of as the scientific study of what is "right about people" as opposed to the traditional focus on the healing of psychological pain or trauma. The philosophical roots of positive psychology can be traced back to Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, as well as Islamic and Athenian…

  12. Meeting of The Minds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    China’s first Buddhist gathering attracts worldwide participation China hosts its first major international forum on Buddhism this month as part of the ongoing drive toward the government’s call to build a "harmonious society." The theme of the forum, "a harmonious world begins in the mind," draws attention to the belief that people from all walks of life can

  13. 怒江:多种宗教共存和谐相处

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐海波

    2014-01-01

    One of the outstanding characteristics of Nujiang is the harmony among four major religious beliefs,all signifi cantly present.The historical freedom of religion in Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture means that Christianity,Catholicism,Buddhism and Taoism are here.For historical and practical reasons as well as the policy on equality of nationality,the religions peacefully coexist.

  14. Self-compassion : A closer look at its assessment, correlates and role in psychological wellbeing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lopez Angarita, Angélica

    2016-01-01

    Suffering is an inevitable part of life, but the way we deal with it can make the difference. Nowadays, mindfulness, a practice rooted in Buddhism, is helping lots of people to bring acceptance into their lives and to experience more fully their present moment. In this way, mindfulness has shown to

  15. Overview of religions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Nicky

    2004-01-01

    This article provides a brief overview of 9 religions: Christianity, Judaism, Jehovah's Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Christian Science, Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Buddhism. Basic information on the origins, language, naming practices, diet, personal hygiene, and dress requirements is provided. For additional information, Web sites for each of these religions are also provided. PMID:15255273

  16. Mindfulness: Implications for Substance Abuse and Addiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appel, Jonathan; Kim-Appel, Dohee

    2009-01-01

    Mindfulness is a concept that has taken quite a hold on the therapeutic world in recent years. Techniques that induce "mindfulness" are increasingly being employed in Western psychology and psychotherapy to help alleviate a variety of conditions. So while mindfulness has its conceptual roots in Buddhism it has been translated into a Western…

  17. A Comparative Study on Religion between Britainand China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐彩霞

    2012-01-01

    1. INTRODUCTION Religion in Britain In the UK, Christians constitute about 71% of the population, but Britain is a multi-faith society and all other religions, including; Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam and Sikhism are freely practiced. About 23% of Britons have no particular religion. Religion in China China is a

  18. We create our own reality

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    " Yes, we create our own reality. This is one of the most fundamental tenets of the ancient oriental religions, such as Buddhism. And during the last century, modern particle physics or quantum mechanics has discovered exactly the same thing" (1 page).

  19. Kinesisk Religion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Esben; Nielsen, Klaus Bo

    Bogen Kinesisk Religion omhandler kongfuzianisme, daoisme, buddhisme, maoisme, folkereligion og nye religioner i ind- og udland. Den indeholder klassiske myter og magiske ritualer, historiske milepæle og moderne udfordringer, politisk religion og levende folkereligiøsitet. Bogen henvender sig...

  20. Self-Cultivation: Culturally Sensitive Psychotherapies in Confucian Societies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Kwang-Kuo; Chang, Jeffrey

    2009-01-01

    This article describes self-cultivation practices originating from the cultural traditions of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. It delineates the therapeutic implications of the three states of self pursued by these three traditions: namely, the "relational self", the "authentic self", and the "nonself". Several psychotherapy techniques derived…

  1. [A Buddhist view of health and care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilar, Michel

    2015-10-01

    Buddhism has an original anthropology without dolorism or sacrifice, based on which a care ethic is deployed. The Buddhist way leads to freeing the spirit of the illusions that lead it astray and considers the body as a precious material support for the spirit. Pain and illness are treated while paying great attention to the person's suffering, whether conscious or not. PMID:26461219

  2. The web of life a new synthesis of mind and matter

    CERN Document Server

    Capra, Fritjof

    1996-01-01

    Capra argues that at the end of the 20th century we are shifting away from the mechanistic world of Descartes and Newton to a holistic, ecological view. He establishes patterns between ideas from such diverse fields as Buddhism and quantum physics.

  3. Counseling in Thailand: Development from a Buddhist Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuicomepee, Arunya; Romano, John L.; Pokaeo, Soree

    2012-01-01

    The authors present historical and current accounts of the counseling profession in Thailand. In addition to the influences of Buddhism on counselor training and practices, professional issues such as licensure, professional organizations, and the relationship between counselors and other mental health professionals are summarized. The role of…

  4. Buddhist Foundations of Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma Rhea, Zane

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on research conducted on the impact of Buddhism on teaching, exploring the educational philosophy and approach, the daily practice of teaching, and the challenge of bringing together the mainstream education curriculum with Buddhist worldview in the first school in Australia being guided by Buddhist philosophy. Although there…

  5. A Brief History of the Current Reemergence of Contemplative Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Patricia Fay

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the history of the current reemergence of a contemplative orientation in education. While referencing an ancient history, it primarily examines the history of contemporary contemplative education through three significant stages, focusing on the third. The first was arguably initiated by the introduction of Buddhism to the…

  6. Mindful Teaching: Laying the Dharma Foundations for Buddhist Education in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhea, Zane Ma

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on research conducted in the first mainstream school in Australia being guided by Buddhist philosophy. It focuses on a group of teachers, examining the impact of Buddhism on their teaching, exploring the challenge for them of bringing together their professional knowledge with Buddhist worldview. The major conclusion is that the…

  7. Understandings of Death and Dying for People of Chinese Origin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Chiung-Yin; O'Connor, Margaret; Lee, Susan

    2009-01-01

    This article introduces the primary beliefs about ancestor worship, Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism and traditional Chinese medicine that have influenced Chinese people for thousands of years, particularly in relation to death and dying. These cultures and traditions remain important for Chinese people wherever they live. Over a long period,…

  8. Intergenerational Transmission of Religious Beliefs and Practices and the Reduction of Adolescent Delinquency in Urban Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamratrithirong, Aphichat; Miller, Brenda A.; Byrnes, Hilary F.; Rhucharoenpornpanich, Orratai; Cupp, Pamela K.; Rosati, Michael J.; Fongkaew, Warunee; Atwood, Katharine A.; Todd, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the intergenerational transmission of family religion as measured by parent's and adolescent's beliefs and practices in Buddhism, and its relation to delinquent behaviors among early adolescents in Thailand. The data set is from the Thai Family Matters Project 2007, a representative sample of 420 pairs of parents and teens in…

  9. 日本仏教と平和主義の諸問題(藤村潤一郎教授退任記念号)

    OpenAIRE

    宮田, 幸一

    2004-01-01

    To discuss some of the problems in the relationship between the teaching of nonviolence and Japanese Buddhism, we have to distinguish some levels of nonviolence. At an individual level, some people such as monks and nuns can live without using violence an

  10. Visual Literacy with Picture Books: The Silk Road

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisland, Beverly Milner Lee

    2007-01-01

    The ancient Silk Routes connecting China to Europe across the rugged mountains and deserts of central Asia are one of the primary examples of transculturation in world history. Traders on these routes dealt not only in goods such as silk and horses but also made possible the spread of art forms as well as two major religions, Buddhism and Islam. …

  11. Meditation, Mindfulness, Psyche and Soma: Eastern, Western Perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi; Jordanov, Daniel; Autrup, Mads

    This presentation focuses on the genesis of meditation and mindfulness in the East for comprehension of these phenomena, which are increasingly applied and adapted in the current Western context. Their very origin from the East, particularly Buddhism and Yoga practices, directs our attention...

  12. Religion as a Site of Language Contact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spolsky, Bernard

    2003-01-01

    Provides an overview of early work on the translation of sacred texts into various languages. Reviews the language use patterns and practices historically characteristic of different religious traditions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and Quakerism. Describes linguistic effects of missionary activity in several…

  13. Facing the Grand Challenges through Heuristics and Mindfulness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powietrzynska, Malgorzata; Tobin, Kenneth; Alexakos, Konstantinos

    2015-01-01

    We address the nature of mindfulness and its salience to education generally and to science education specifically. In a context of the historical embeddedness of mindfulness in Buddhism we discuss research in social neuroscience, presenting evidence for neuronal plasticity of the brain and six emotional styles, which are not biologically…

  14. 评《泰国东北部的佛教和神灵信仰》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗杨

    2012-01-01

    《泰国东北部的佛教和神灵信仰》(Buddhism and the Spirit Cults in North-east Thailand)③是谭拜尔(Stanley Jeyaraja Tambiah)于1969年写成的一部关于泰国佛教和非佛教信仰关系的民族志.

  15. Why Culture Should Be a Key Factor in Studying Marketing in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenich, Kathryn

    Three historically significant religions of Japan and the corresponding cultural norms are examined as they affect consumer behaviors and, consequently, marketing in that country. The religions are Buddhism, Shintoism, and Confucianism. The fundamental doctrines, attitudes, and social patterns associated with each religion are outlined and their…

  16. Review on Yinshun's Historical Investigation of Bodhisattva Idea%印顺对菩萨观念的源流考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李思凡; 徐弢

    2012-01-01

    印顺认为,佛教在印度本土走向衰亡的根本原因是它逐渐背离初期佛教"以人为中心"的原则,蜕变为以"欲界的低级天神"为中心的宗教。为借鉴这一教训来探求当代中国佛教的复兴之路,他按照"契理契机"的方法论考察了大乘佛教的核心观念———菩萨观念在印度佛教中从无到有、从人而天、从天而神的流变过程。%According to Yin Shun,the decline of Indian Buddhism resulted from the turning from the early"human-oriented" Buddhism to inferior "gods-oriented" anaphase Buddhism.In order to find the reviving path for contemporary Chinese Buddhism by drawing lessons of it,he applied the methodology of "adherence to principles and adaptation to epochs" to investigate the transition of Bodhisattva idea,which is the kernel concept of Indian Mahayana,from non-existence to existence,from human to heaven,from heaven to god.

  17. Western Science and Local Thai Wisdom: Using Museum Toys to Develop Bi-Gnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanhadilok, Peeranut; Watts, Mike

    2013-01-01

    This article focuses on some of the intersections of two worldviews: Western modern science and a Buddhism-based way of life in Thailand. It enters the debate on the place and practice of Indigenous forms of knowledge and the clashes with formal science education curricula. Our goal is "balanced bi-gnosis": the possession of, and proficiency in,…

  18. Keeping The Faith

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    More young people are turning to Buddhism as the ancient philosophy strives to keep up with the times Yin Xiaotian, 37, is successful, modern and ambitious. In his car, a blessing card hangs from the rearview mirror. On one side of the card is a picture of Mao Zedong.

  19. The Role of Religion in Korean Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jeong-Kyu

    2002-01-01

    This study examines the role of religion in Korean elite and higher education during the premodern and modern periods with descriptive analysis. The study focuses on the contribution of Buddhism and Confucianism to premodern elite education in Korea, particularly the interaction between Confucianism and Christianity with modern higher education in…

  20. Mindfulness: Reconnecting the Body and Mind in Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rejeski, W. Jack

    2008-01-01

    Derived from Buddhism, mindfulness is a unique approach for understanding human suffering and happiness that has attracted rapidly growing interest among health care professionals. In this article I describe current thinking about the concept of mindfulness and elaborate on why and how mindfulness-based interventions have potential within the…

  1. College Stress and Psychological Well-Being: Self-Transcendence Meaning of Life as a Moderator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Li

    2008-01-01

    The central aim of this study is to examine the moderating effects of self-transcendence meaning on psychological well-being in respective of college students. The theoretical background of self-transcendence meaning is mainly oriental Buddhism and Taoism philosophy. Measures of stress and psychological well-being are College Stress Scale (CSS)…

  2. Vocational Discernment among Tibetan Buddhist Monks in Dharamsala, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Alvin; Kellom, Gar E.

    2009-01-01

    A major historical shift is taking place in Tibetan Buddhism with the relocation of large numbers of monks from Tibet and the establishment of monasteries in Dharamsala, India and other parts of South Asia. This has created a shift in the way that young men are joining these monasteries and leading this age old religious tradition. Fifteen college…

  3. The Challenge of Access in Indian Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chitnis, Suma

    2000-01-01

    With an ancient tradition of educational exclusion, modern India has set democratic goals for educational access and quality, though discrimination still challenges public policy goals. Highlights: Buddhism's ancient challenges to exclusion; early declines of education; missionary education; colonial higher education; distance from the lives of…

  4. Justpeace Prospects for Peace-Building and Worldview Tolerance: A South Asian Movement's Social Construction of Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinker, Jeremy A.

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation is an attempt to understand the meta-narratives of justice operating within the "Trailokya Bauddha Mahasangha, Sahayak Gana" (TBMSG), a dalit Buddhist social movement active in Maharashtra, India. The movement, a vestige of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar's 1956 conversion to Buddhism, is actively fighting for dalits rights by exposing…

  5. Integrating Buddhist Psychology into Grief Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wada, Kaori; Park, Jeeseon

    2009-01-01

    The field of grief counseling has yet to see an integration of Buddhist psychology. Drawing on Buddhist psychology literature and Western models of grief, this article explores possible integrations of two approaches. To lay the foundation for this discussion, the authors introduced a brief overview of the history of Buddhism as well as a Buddhist…

  6. Should the Sanctity of a Temple Be Commercialized?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Shaolin Temple, synonymous with kungfu and Buddhism in China, is making mega media headlines with the recent announcement of its plan to host an international TV kungfu competition. Partnered with a local television station, the grand showdown is set to offer martial arts

  7. A Mandala's Message

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnell, Tom

    2002-01-01

    A Tibetan Buddhist monk, Lama Tenzin, spent a week at the Manhattan private school where the author of this article was the middle school director. Lama Tenzin did not come to introduce students to Buddhism or to explain the plight of the Tibetan people. Instead, he came to create a piece of art that is a specialty of his and his brother monks': a…

  8. The Analects and the Moment in Peking——The influence of a Confucian education system on the personality formation,the way of thinking and the fate of the main characters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵英华

    2008-01-01

    @@ 0.Preface China has long been boasting of its colorful and immense culture which comprises of Taoism,Confucianism and Buddhism.The interwoven influence among the religions on Chinese way of thinking,on the nation's behavior in their social life throughout the long history is beyond list.

  9. Thoughts on History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DEGYI

    2003-01-01

    The Yarlung River Valley inShannan was the birthplace ofthe Tibetan race. When the Tubo Kingdom was founded,Songtsam Gambo moved its capital topresent-day Lhasa. With Lang Darmamaking efforts to suppress Buddhism,the regime fell and in the ensuing 400years, the region suffered heavily from

  10. Det menneskelige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Jan Brødslev

    livsfasepsykologi, Winnicotts og Heinz Kohuts Selv-psykologi, Seligmans positive psykologi, kognitiv psykologi og A. H. Almaas' essenspsykologi), lærinsgteori (David Kolb), teorierne om følelsesmæssig intelligens (Daniel Goleman, David Servan-Schreiber) samt buddhisme (Dalai Lama) og kristendom. I bogen gives der...

  11. Religious Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The main religions of ancient China were Buddhism,Taoism and Islam, of which Buddhism was the most widespread. As a result, Buddhist temples and towers are found all over China, and have become important components of the country's ancient architecture.

  12. Dealing with diversity, Sri Lankan discourses on peace and conflict

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frerks, G.E.; Klem, B.

    2004-01-01

    Dealing with Diversity: Sri Lankan Discourses on Peace and Conflict Georg Frerks and Bart Klem [eds] What is the conflict in Sri Lanka? An ethnic problem? A historical threat to Buddhism? A liberation struggle? Or the unfortunate outcome of political mismanagement? Dealing with Diversity bundles con

  13. Education and Happiness: Perspectives of the East and the West

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jeong-Kyu

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relations between education and happiness from the perspectives of the West and the East, especially Buddhism and Christianity as well as classical Greek and Chinese great thinkers. In order to examine this study systematically, three research questions are addressed as follows: First, what are…

  14. Sunshine Unfolding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdrege, Craig; And Others

    Hinduism, yoga, transcendental meditation, traditional American Indian philosophies, far-Eastern philosophies (Taoism, Zen Buddhism, and Zen concepts), macrobiotics, and Judeo-Christian teachings are the topics discussed in this student developed book. Designed for use by both elementary and high school students, it was written with two major…

  15. India: General Survey Unit for World Civilization Course Curriculum Project. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad, 1997 (India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinton, Victoria

    This unit is intended to provide high school students with a general knowledge of the history and culture of India. Lessons include: (1) "Early India"; (2) "Indian Civilization 1500 BC - 500 AD: Hinduism"; (3) "Buddhism"; (4) "Indian Empires"; (5) "Indian Empires, Continued"; (6) "Imperialism"; and (7) "Independence and Modern India." Suggestions…

  16. Tradition and Modernity: India's Quantum Leap into the 21st Century. Independent Curriculum Project. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad 1998 (India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Elise

    This lesson on India is suggested as a culminating activity to bring together previously taught units about infrastructure, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, ancient India, and contemporary India. The lesson's goals are to examine how a country's cultural background can influence change and to study the development of modern infrastructure. The students…

  17. World Religions for the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Dorothy Arnett

    This teaching and resource guide contains ideas appropriate for teaching junior and senior high school students about the following religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Shintoism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Individual sections discuss general approaches to teaching the religious philosophies and rituals, and exemplary…

  18. Festivals Together. A Guide to Multi-cultural Celebration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzjohn, Sue; Weston, Minda; Large, Judy

    This is a resource guide for observing and celebrating special days according to the traditions of many cultures. It brings together the experience and activities of persons from many religions--Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam, and the Sikh religion--and draws on diverse backgrounds from many parts of the world. The context is…

  19. Philosophy 323, Readings in Asian Thought. Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurdle, Burton G., Jr.

    A survey course syllabus of Asian philosophy is presented. For each period of dates in the semester course, a reading assignment was made, discussion topics and questions proposed, and supplementary readings and sources suggested. The course focused on Indian philosophy, Buddhism and Hinduism, and Chinese philosophy, specifically Confucian…

  20. Multireligious, Multicultural, and Multiethnic Calendar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korra, Herb, Comp.

    This guide features materials concerning ethnic and religious groups and the annual dates important to those groups. Specifically, the guide contains an index of religious holidays; a list of the historical dates important to Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism; and a calendar that lists, by month, cultural and…

  1. World Religions, Women and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Ursula

    1987-01-01

    Examines religious traditions--Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Islam, and Western Christianity--to see how women were taught and what knowledge was transmitted to them. Notes that women have always had some access to religious knowledge in informal ways but were excluded from formal education once sacred knowledge became transmitted in an…

  2. Introduction to Eastern Philosophy, Social Studies: 6414.23.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Judy Reeder

    Major Eastern philosophies and/or religions consisting of Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Shintoism are investigated by 10th through 12th grade students in this general social studies quinmester course. Since Eastern philosophical ideas are already influencing students, this course aims to guide students in a universal search for…

  3. West Meets East: The Early Civilizations of India and China. Grade 6 Model Lesson for Unit IV. California History-Social Science Course Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

    This unit for sixth graders focuses on the origins of Chinese civilization, the rise of early Chinese imperial centers, and the breakdown of order by the beginning of the sixth century B.C. Among the topics in the unit are: Early history and geography of India; Buddhism; Early history and geography of China; Confucius; and Culture, politics,…

  4. Chinese Philosophy. Grade 7 Model Lesson for Standard 7.3. World History and Geography: Medieval and Early Modern Times. California History-Social Science Course Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

    California State Standard 7.3 is delineated in the following manner: "Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structure of the civilizations of China in the middle ages." Seventh-grade students focus on the reunification of China under the Tang Dynasty and reasons for the spread of Buddhism; agricultural,…

  5. The Psychology of Zen. (The Role of Zen in Counseling: Intervention Strategy and Preventive Therapy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Deane, Jr.; Shapiro, Johanna

    This paper explores the values, techniques, and philosophy of the eastern religion of Zen Buddhism. Like other therapeutic systems, Zen techniques are based upon both personality theory (conception of man) and therapeutic goals (conception of who man can become.) The paper first gives a brief overview of Zen's personality theory: who man is; who…

  6. Zen Meditation and Behavioral Self-Control: Some Similarities and Differences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Deane H., Jr.

    An attempt is made to understand the behaviors involved in two different self-control strategies: Zen meditation and behavioral self-management. The first technique is derived from the Eastern "religious-Philosophical" tradition of Zen Buddhism; the other technique is derived from laboratory and field studies in Western settings. Using tools of…

  7. Zen & the Art of Composition: A Comparison of Teaching Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewitt, Philip Jay

    A perceived relationship between the teaching methods of traditional Zen Buddhism and those of process-based English composition is explored. It is noted that the four main processes of Zen teaching (meditation, physical work, personal interviews, and group lectures) focus on process, not product, as in process writing. Characteristics that Zen…

  8. Moral Education or Political Education in the Vietnamese Educational System?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doan, Dung Hue

    2005-01-01

    Vietnam has experienced the influences of different social standards and values of Confucianism, Communism and several major religions, such as Buddhism and Catholicism, and has also undergone tremendous social change in recent decades. Consequently, moral education in present-day Vietnam takes various forms and definitions. Nowadays, moral…

  9. An Analysis of Farong’s Zen Thoughts%江东名士之法融禅学思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓玉

    2015-01-01

    佛教禅宗是印度佛教中国化的重要标志,谈禅讲义也渐成当世丛林、仕林之风尚,作为禅宗牛头系的创始人法融是江东丛林的代表人物。与菩提达摩一系以妙有融摄真空的理路不同,他以般若真空为本的禅学思想,在中国禅宗史上具有独特之处。%Zen Buddhism is an important symbol of sinicization of Indian Buddhism. Talking about the thoughts of Zen has become the fashion of people whether they believe Buddhism or not. As a representative of Jiangdong Jungle, Farong was the founder of Niutou junta of ZenBuddhism. Different from a series of thoughts about of wonderful vacuum Bodhidharma, his Zen thought based on prajna and vacuum has a u-nique position in the history of Zen thoughts in China.

  10. Ein Meer von Nektar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sumgön, Jigten; Jungne, Sherab

    One of the key feature of early Kagyüpa Buddhism in Tibet was the practise of long meditation retreats in the complete solitude of the Himalayan mountains. The author of the Tibetan text, Kyobpa Jigten Sumgön (1143-1217), had himself spent 7 years in a cave in central Tibet. After he established...

  11. Meditation and Education: India, Tibet, and Modern America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thurman, Robert A. F.

    2006-01-01

    This article explores Asian traditions of meditation, with particular attention to Buddhism as it was developed in ancient India. It delineates a core curriculum, initially developed in monastic institutions of higher education, that has been most fully preserved in Tibet. It then explores how this curriculum might be adapted so that it can help…

  12. THE ART OF STONE CARVINGS AT DOLHA RI KHROD IN MARKHAM COUNTY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TUGAR

    2007-01-01

    Dolha in Tibetan refers to stone carvings,and Ri Khord is"the meditation place at the mountainside".In accordance with an introduction by staff from the Bureau of Ethnic Groups and Religious Affairs in Markham County,we know that Dolha Ri Khrod was built in 1566 and is currently a nunnery of the Nyima Sect of Tibetan Buddhism.

  13. 甘肃南部山区藏族早期苯教藏文文献的分类研究%A Study on the Classification of Early Tibetan Documents Found in the Mountain Area in South Gansu Province about the Bon Religion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伊西旺姆; 道吉才让

    2015-01-01

    The Bon religion is the source of the Tibetan civilization. In its thousands of years of history, Bon had been the dominant religion of the ancestors of the Tibetan people for a long period of time. When Buddhism was introduced into Tibet, the Tibetan rulers converted to Buddhism and supported it, so Bonˊs position in Tibet was gradually replaced by Buddhism. Since the period of the Later Prosperity of Buddhism in Tibet, almost all the Ti-betan people have believed in Buddhism, which resulted in the Bon religion could only survive and develop in the remote areas of Tibet. In these areas, a large number of documents about Bon were left, which illustrate the long history of Bon. The documents would make us have a new understanding of Bon.%苯教是藏族文明的源头,在其数千年的发展历程中,苯教在相当长的时间里一直是藏族先民的主导宗教,但自佛教引入西藏后,吐蕃统治者扶植佛教,苯教的地位渐渐被佛教取代.佛教后弘期起,佛教成为藏族人民全民信奉的宗教,而苯教则在边远地区得以生存和发展,就在这些边远地区,留下了大量反映悠远历史的苯教藏文文献,使人们对苯教以全新的认识.

  14. Chinese Buddhist Nuns in the Twentieth Century: A Case Study in Wuhan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Yuan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, through working at the intersection of the works on nationalism and women, and the literature on Buddhist nuns during the Republican period, I aim to take up questions of gender relations in the broader studies of Buddhism and Buddhist modernization. I explore the Buddhist nuns' movement by examining the establishment of various academies for female Buddhists. I also analyze the writings by female Buddhists in the twentieth century. In so doing, I argue that the Buddhist nuns' revival movement fitted into the broader women's liberation discourse and the national modernization project during this time. This paper promises to provide insights into the history of women and nationalism from a Buddhist perspective, and shed light on gender-related issues of modern Chinese Buddhism in the course of China's modernization.

  15. Kumārajīva’s Meditative Legacy in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhante Dhammadipa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article shows that in China and other Far East countries, where Chinese Buddhism spread at the early stages of Mahāyāna Buddhism, traditional methods of Buddhist practice, as explained in the Āgamas, were in practice, but reinterpreted from the Mahāyānistic understanding. Eventually, in the periods following the decline of the Tang Dynasty those practices were mostly abandoned and replaced by pure Mahāyānistic meditation practices, especially those of the Chan (Zen and Pure Land schools. It can be clearly seen from the meditation treatises discussed in this article, which are attributed to Kumārajīva, the most popular translator of Indian Buddhist literature in China. Actually, as Western researchers show, these treatises are likely to be notes of Kumārajīva’s disciples, introduced into meditation by him.

  16. Realm of Black Tea and Zen of The History of Tea's Capital%《茶都旧事》的黑茶境界与禅境之会通

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄守愚

    2012-01-01

    The History of Tea's Capital the safety of black tea anthropomorphic treatment, and through which people and events of the interpretation to clarify black tea bitter sweet after, shame, where strict cold, lay down, static, nature and man the realm of deed in Buddhism, this realm of Zen and Buddhism will pass.%《茶都旧事》将安化黑茶拟人化处理,并通过其中人物与事件之诠释,澄明安化黑茶苦后回甘、忍辱、凡、严冷、放下、静、天人合一的境界,因契于佛理,此境界可与佛教禅境会通。

  17. International politics of the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama

    OpenAIRE

    Otgonbayar Sarlagtay, Mashbat

    2007-01-01

    This thesis analyzes Mongolia's strategic options in the event of a Mongol-Chinese confrontation over a clash of interests arising from the potential succession the next Dalai Lama, understood in Mongolia religiously through a process reincarnation. Mongolia would welcome the Dalai Lama's reincarnation in the country since Tibetan Buddhism enjoys the allegiance of many of Mongolia's people and is a part of Mongolia's national identity. Mongolia's democratic government in Ulaanbaatar must ...

  18. Ancient Chinese Philosophical Advice: Can it help us find happiness today?

    OpenAIRE

    Veenhoven, Ruut; Guoqing, Z.

    2009-01-01

    textabstractConfucianism, Buddhism and Taoism are three main classic Chinese philosophy schools, which all deal with the question of how one should live. In this paper we first review these ancient recommendations and next consider whether they promise a happy life in present day society. Recommended behaviours found in the ancient texts are compared with conditions for happiness as observed in present day empirical investigations. Classic Confucianism appears to offer the most apt advice for...

  19. THE IDEA OF IMMORTALITY IN THE THEOCENTRICAL IDEOLOGICAL SYSTEMS AND IN A RELIGIOUS WORLDVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Ekaterina Vadimovna Shiryaeva

    2015-01-01

    The article addresses the idea of human immortality, reflected in different ways in different forms of religious outlook, analyzes cultural, historical and individualpersonal traits of the existence of this idea. It is proved that individual- personal characteristics of the subject of religious consciousness have crucial significance for the predominance of soft or rigid forms of retribution beyond the grave. The article makes comparison of Christianity, Islam and Buddhism and Western and Ort...

  20. A Place of Tranquility and Splendor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Walking through tile closely knit complex of temples and buildings that make up Labuleng Monastery, one can strongly feel its silent and solemn beauty. The tranquility of Labuleng Monastery permeates both into the mind and soul-the transcendent qualities of religion convey sphitual properties that are accentuated by the tranquility and solemnity of the monastery. The magnificence of Labuleng manifests itself through its art and architecture... Tibetan Buddhism and tile profound serenity give this place a sublime and sacred character,

  1. Folk Beliefs in Vietnam%越南的民间信仰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志强

    2005-01-01

    For complicated reasons, there are many religions in Vietnam, like Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam.However, it is hard to figure out which is the leading one. In history, Confucianism ever took the main position between Ly and Ly dynasty, but that only lasted three to four hundred years. In Vietnam, the folk beliefs play a great role in its people' s behavior,and have their own characteristics.

  2. Tibetan Buddhist dream yoga and the limits of Western Psychology.

    OpenAIRE

    Rosch, E.

    2014-01-01

    Lucid dream, lucid dreamless sleep, and lucid death practices are an inherent part of advanced Tibetan Buddhist meditation. These practices are also relevant to ordinary people because they serve as pointers to aspects of everyday experience that are troubling but unrecognized in the usual non-lucid frame of mind. Using a Vajrayana approach in which the development of the mind of the practitioner is said to mirror the historical developmental of Buddhism, I show: a) How lucid dreaming can gro...

  3. "孝顺相承,戒行俱高"——论中晚唐五代宋敦煌佛教高张孝道%"Inheritance of Filial Piety, Highness of Buddhist Discipline":On Dunhuang Buddhist Reverence of Filial Piety from the Period of Middle-and-Late Tang and Five Dynasties to Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李正宇

    2015-01-01

    佛教本不讲孝道,传入中国后,三国时期开始吸收中国的孝道观念,此后,中国佛教才有了孝道观念.吐蕃占领敦煌后,敦煌人民不忘家国宗祖,将家国之思、宗祖之念融入佛教信行,建家窟以代宗祠家庙,将唐宗及父祖同祀于佛窟.晚唐至北宋,敦煌佛教进一步倡扬孝道,事佛与孝亲共容,进一步入世合俗,实际上突破了释迦摩尼弃世脱俗的教义.%The original Buddhism did not include filial piety, but after its introduciton into China, especially during the period of the Three Kingdoms, Buddhism began to assimilate Chinese filial piety, and whereafter, the Chinese Buddhism contained filial piety. In the ruling of the Tibetan regime, the people of Dunhuang never forgot their country and ancestors and conbined the reminiscence of their country and ancestors with Buddhist discipline so that they built home grottoes substituting for ancestral halls or temples, where they offered sacrifices to the Tang emperors and their forefathers. From the late Tang to north Song dynasty, Dunhuang Buddhism further advocated filial piety and the reverence of Budda and filial piety were in harmony, which virtually broke through Buddha Shakjamuni's discipline of being free from the secular world and vulgarity.

  4. Reduced Risk for Metabolic Syndrome and Insulin Resistance Associated with Ovo-Lacto-Vegetarian Behavior in Female Buddhists: A Case-Control Study

    OpenAIRE

    Jui-Kun Chiang; Ying-Lung Lin; Chi-Ling Chen; Chung-Mei Ouyang; Ying-Tai Wu; Yu-Chiao Chi; Kuo-Chin Huang; Wei-Shiung Yang

    2013-01-01

    Introduction The association of vegetarian status with the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is not clear. In Asia, Buddhists often have vegetarian behavior for religious rather than for health reasons. We hypothesize that the vegetarian in Buddhism is associated with better metabolic profiles, lower risk for the MetS and insulin resistance (IR). Methods We enrolled 391 female vegetarians (∼80% lacto-ovo-vegetarians) and 315 non-vegetarians from health-checkup clinics at a Buddhist hospital i...

  5. Peace with the earth: animism and contemplative ways

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Heesoon

    2015-03-01

    In this paper I problematize the modern everyday ontology that categorically separates the animate from the inanimate, showing that such separation has ethical implications that are environmentally devastating. I propose a turn to an animistic ontology and epistemology. Acknowledging the challenge of such turn, I suggest contemplative practices as a way to aid this turn. I engage a variety of literature and resources from Daoism, Buddhism, Appelbaum's work, neuroscientific findings to support my exploration of the connection between animistic perception and contemplative ways.

  6. Problematika geografie náboženství ve výuce zeměpisu na 2. stupni základní školy

    OpenAIRE

    VLAŽNÁ, Denisa

    2015-01-01

    The thesis deals with teaching of the geography of religion in geography lessons at the 2 nd stage elementary school. The main objective of the thesis is to create design of own teaching material focusing on the geography of religion. The first part deals with the characteristics of selected religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam), the inclusion of religion in the context of geography and geography in elementary school curriculum and teaching methods. Another part is a...

  7. Telugu Jews : are the Dalits of coastal Andhra going caste-awry ?

    OpenAIRE

    Egorova, Yulia; Perwez, Shahid

    2012-01-01

    In the context of religious conversion movements of low castes in India, many Dalit groups have embraced Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and even Jainism in order to restore egalitarian traditions. However, their conversion to Judaism is relatively unheard of in the academia. This essay throws light on the nature of these conversions by looking at a section of Dalit population in the coastal Andhra, who embraced Judaism two decades ago by declaring their community to be the descendants of the C...

  8. Some Cosmological Roots of Modern Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Klein Rudolf

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates the links between some oriental cosmologies and modern architecture, stemming from major non-Western religions, such as Buddhism, Islam and Judaism as well as from Einstein’s theories. It analyses both the direct impact of these concepts, influencing modernism at a theoretical level, and their indirect impact through historic non-Western architecture, mainly Buddhist and Islamic. While modernist theoreticians and architects frequently emphasised functional and technica...

  9. Chinese Buddhist Nuns in the Twentieth Century: A Case Study in Wuhan

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan Yuan

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, through working at the intersection of the works on nationalism and women, and the literature on Buddhist nuns during the Republican period, I aim to take up questions of gender relations in the broader studies of Buddhism and Buddhist modernization. I explore the Buddhist nuns' movement by examining the establishment of various academies for female Buddhists. I also analyze the writings by female Buddhists in the twentieth century. In so doing, I argue that the Buddhist nuns' ...

  10. Western economics versus Buddhist economics

    OpenAIRE

    Laszlo Zsolnai

    2007-01-01

    The paper explores Buddhist economics as a major alternative to the Western economic mindset. Buddhism is centred on want negation and purification of the human character. Buddhist economics, developed by Schumacher, Payutto, Welford and others, challenges the basic principles of modern Western economics: (1) profit-maximisation, (2) cultivating desires, (3) introducing markets, (4) instrumental use of the world, and (5) self-interest-based ethics. Buddhist economics proposes alternative prin...

  11. Tourism in China's Buddhist Temples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    In recent years along with the improvement of the livelihoods of Chinese people and the public needs in cultural life, a religious cultural tourism is booming in China. In order to meet the tourist demand, this book is designed as a guide book to introduce 211 famous Buddhist monasteries and temples in various places of China representing different Buddhist sects including Han-Chinese, Tibetan and Southern Buddhism with their rich cultural and historical resources, characteristics of architecture and famous personages.

  12. Religion as a means to assure paternity

    OpenAIRE

    Strassmann, Beverly I.; Kurapati, Nikhil T.; Hug, Brendan F.; Burke, Erin E; Gillespie, Brenda W.; Karafet, Tatiana M.; Hammer, Michael F.

    2012-01-01

    The sacred texts of five world religions (Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism) use similar belief systems to set limits on sexual behavior. We propose that this similarity is a shared cultural solution to a biological problem: namely male uncertainty over the paternity of offspring. Furthermore, we propose the hypothesis that religious practices that more strongly regulate female sexuality should be more successful at promoting paternity certainty. Using genetic data on 1,706...

  13. APPLICATION OF BUDDHIST VALUES & PRACTICES IN BUSINEES MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    O. M. Ashtankar

    2015-01-01

    The emerging profit-driven global economy is guided by unbridled development and gigantism. Such an economy is also coming under ever increasing domination of science and technology. Such a development is not only cutting us off from nature and one another but also undermining natural and cultural diversity. One major consequence of this is that our very survival is threatened. Buddhism, with its practical focus on happiness and communal harmony in this lifetime, has a great deal to offer to ...

  14. 韓国近代における元暁認識と日本の「通仏教論」

    OpenAIRE

    孫, 知慧

    2012-01-01

    Wonhyo has been a well-known fi gure in East Asia since the ancient kingdom of Silla; however, with the restrictions placed on Buddhism in favour of Confucian worshipduring the Korean Li Dynasty, Wonhyo’s prestige diminished. The reappraisal of Wonhyo began in the 20th century. At the time, rather than Buddhist doctrine and beliefs, Wonhyo was associated with the existence of the Japanese imperialism and national independence during which time reliefs of Wonhyo were carved. After 1930, howeve...

  15. The Vallipuram Buddha Image "Rediscovered"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Schalk

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available When, at the end of the 19th century, the Visnu kovil in Vallipuram, in Vatamaracci, in northern Ilam (Lanka was (rebuilt, a Buddha statue was unearthed close to this temple, 50 yardsnortheast of it. It remained in the lumber room of this temple until 1902, when it was set up in Old Park at Yalppanam under a bo-tree. In 1906, the Vallipuram Buddha image was presented by Governor Sir Henry Blake to the King of Siam, who was particularly anxious to have it, as it was supposed to be of an archaic type. This event together with the statue, was forgotten for almost 90 years. All Tamilar and Sinhalese born after 1906 have never seen the Vallipuram Buddha image, provided they have not gone to and found it in Thailand. The study of the religious significance per se, in its historical setting, of the statue is important. The Vallipuram Buddha image is a typical creation of Amaravati art, the spread of which documents the spread of Buddhism to Ilam, where it exercised a decisive influence on the first period of the development of Buddhist art in the Anuratapuram school. We get then a geographical triangle of a cultural encounter between Amaravati, Anuratapuram in its first phase, and Vallipuram. This happened at a time when Buddhism was still not identified as Sinhala Buddhism, but just as Buddhism. The study of the Vallipuram statue is thus a way of transcending or at least suspending for some time polarising ethnic identities, not ethnic identities as such.

  16. National Theatre of China's Romeo and Juliet and Its Rituals

    OpenAIRE

    Benny Lim

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the “Chinese-ness” of this brand new production of Romeo and Juliet by the National Theatre of China, from a ritual perspective. Three main areas were discussed. Firstly, this play has got several religious connotations. The absence of religion in this play’s setting is relevant to China’s current high percentage of atheists. Despite that, several religions, such as Buddhism, Daoism and Christianity, are mentioned in this play. Secondly, the play has also incorporated seve...

  17. 仏教思想普及のための言語学的試み

    OpenAIRE

    角岡, 賢一

    2010-01-01

    This paper focuses on the history of the translation of the Buddhism sutras, originally Chinese version, into modern colloquial Japanese. Partly because all the sutras have not been translated into Japanese, sutras are recited with Chinese sound in funeral and memorial ceremonies. As Japanese laymen and laywomen are not familiar with such Chinese sound, sutras are meaningless to them unless they learn beforehand. Some monks, however, began reciting sutras in Japanese translation in these two ...

  18. Mindfulness: Reconnecting the Body and Mind in Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology

    OpenAIRE

    Rejeski, W. Jack

    2008-01-01

    Derived from Buddhism, mindfulness is a unique approach for understanding human suffering and happiness that has attracted rapidly growing interest among health care professionals. In this article I describe current thinking about the concept of mindfulness and elaborate on why and how mindfulness-based interventions have potential within the context of geriatric medicine and gerontology. Upon reviewing definitions and models of the concept, I give attention to the unique role that the body p...

  19. Religion and Ethical Attitudes toward Accepting a Bribe: A Comparative Study

    OpenAIRE

    Robert W. McGee; Serkan Benk; Bahadır Yüzbaşı

    2015-01-01

    This study presents the results of an empirical study of ethical attitudes toward bribe taking in six religions—Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, the Baha’i faith, Hinduism, and Judaism. The paper begins with a discussion of the theoretical and empirical literature on the subject. The empirical part of the study examines attitudes toward accepting bribes in 57 countries from the perspectives of six religions using the data from Wave 6 (2010–2014) of the World Values Survey. The sample population...

  20. Buddhist kepan and literary theory of the early Tang Dynasty%佛经科判与初唐文学理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伯伟

    2007-01-01

    The term kepan 科判 means to divide a text into chapters andparagraphs.By explicating the context of Buddhist kepan and its influence on theexplanation of Confucian classics,this paper tries to demonstrate how wideand profound this influence was on literary criticism in three aspects:literarycriticism,fluency and coherence of writing,and relationships between the authorsof literary theories and Buddhism in the early Tang Dynasty.

  1. INTENDING SYMBOLS IN THE ICONOGRAPHY OF GUPTA AGE SCULPTURES OF CENTRAL INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Radhika (Ramkumar?)

    2014-01-01

    -Iconography is the central theme of all sculptures which depicts the subjects in terms of the content of the image. It becomes more important for those cults where idol worship is a part and parcel of the religion. Among religions of Indian origin; the Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism mudra (specific gesture) is of peculiar grandness. Besides mudra, other features such as aura (radiant light around the head of a divinity), asana (posture of sitting); rituals tools like chhatra,...

  2. Buddhist Thought and Several Problems in the World Today

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yao Weiqun

    2006-01-01

    Buddhism has not only produced an influence upon the ancient world culture but is also playing an important role in world affairs today.This article analyzes several important problems in the world today:world peace,disarmament,economic justice,human rights,environmental protection,and universal cooperation in world problem solving.The writer holds that,to solve these problems,we should study Buddhist theory and get some helpful ideas from it.

  3. Meditation in an Indian Buddhist Monastic Code

    OpenAIRE

    Bass, Jeffrey Wayne

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation centers on an attempt to bring questions of a sociological nature to the modern academic conversation on the place of meditation in Indian Buddhism. It also involves a shift away from sutra and commentarial literature to vinaya literature. My primary source for examining the treatment of contemplative practice in the Indian tradition is the Ksudrakavastu, the largest section of the monastic code (S. vinaya) of the Mulasarvastivadins. Narratives found in the Ksudrakavastu can...

  4. Jade Buddha Statues Witness Friendship Ties Between Yangzhou and Yangon of Myanmar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan; Dan

    2013-01-01

    <正>In Myanmar,Buddhism is widely practiced.Despite tens of thousands of public temples,there is a shrine for worship in almost every family home.For average income families,they usually have a painted image of Buddha or a wooden Buddha;rich households,however,have gold,silver or jade Buddha statues.Jade statues are the most difficult to make,but their delicate and lustrous texture,are most precious.

  5. "Perception":as a Buddhist Concept%“观”:作为一个佛学概念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈坚

    2014-01-01

    中国文化从作为“群经之首”的《周易》到从印度传来而后中国化了的佛教,都是以“观”而不是“听”为方法来建构的。就佛教而言,观世音菩萨就是“观”这种方法的化身,而中国佛教中的千手千眼观音,其中的“千眼”乃是象征着佛教多种多样的“观”。虽然在佛教中“观”的方法林林总总,但不管是什么样的“观”,最终都要归结到“观心”,也就是天台宗所倡导的“观一念心”。%The Chinese culture ,from the"head of classics"The Book of Changes to the Sinicized Bud-dhism ,is built on perception instead of "listening".As far as Buddhism is concerned ,Goddess Guanyin in the incarnation of "perception",while the Goddess of Thousand Hands and Thousand Eyes symbolizes vari-ous kinds of "perception"in Buddhism .In spite of the diverse ways of "perception"in Buddhism ,it can al-ways fall upon"perceiving the heart",as promoted by the Tiantai sect .

  6. Spirituality and business: An interdisciplinary overview

    OpenAIRE

    Zsolnai, László; Bouckaert, Luk

    2012-01-01

    The paper gives an interdisciplinary overview of the emerging field of spirituality and business. It uses insights from business ethics, theology, neuroscience, psychology, gender studies, and philosophy to economics, management, organizational science, and banking and refers to different religious convictions including Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, the Baha'i faith, and the North-American aboriginal worldview. The authors argue that the materialistic managem...

  7. Conceptual dimensions of compassion fatigue and vicarious trauma

    OpenAIRE

    Dafos Rodrigo, Wayra Ana Maria

    2005-01-01

    Compassion Fatigue and Vicarious Trauma are diagnostic labels sometimes applied to therapists who become traumatized following their work with victims of trauma. Four distinct conceptual frameworks are offered to better understand Compassion Fatigue and Vicarious Trauma: (1) The analysis of the Wounded-Healer metaphor and its connection to the topic of the use of self in therapy, (2) Contextual family therapy (Boszormenyi- Nagy) and the theory of systems, (3) Theravada and Zen Buddhism, with ...

  8. An Exploration of Tibetan Women's Life in Khams in the Qing Dynasty%清代康区藏族妇女生活探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘正刚; 王敏

    2007-01-01

    @@ Tibetans, one of the oldest ethnic minorities in China, are mainly distributed in the vast western regions of modern Tibet, Sichuan, Qinghai, Gansu and Yunnan. Students and scholars of the long history of Tibetan culture, as well as the breadth and profundity of Tibetan Buddhism, have always concentrated their attention on the role of men in this history and largely ignored women. Actually, in the history of the socioeconomic development of various regions, men and women have each played a role.

  9. Music in Korean shaman ritual.

    OpenAIRE

    Mills, Simon R.S.

    2012-01-01

    It is hard to sum up Korean Shamanism in a few sentences but, in short, it could be described as the traditional syncretic folk religion of Korea. It mixes together ritual practices, beliefs, symbols and myths from Buddhism, Taoism, and folklore and adds elements commonly associated with nature religions and shamanism – including the use of techniques such as divination, trance, and mediumship. As with many other syncretic folk religions around the globe, there is very little in the way o...

  10. Religion and Preferences for Redistributive Policies in an East Asian Country

    OpenAIRE

    Wen-Chun Chang

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the role of religion in shaping people’s preferences for redistributive policies in an East Asian country, where traditional values mostly stem from the beliefs of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism that influence people’s perceptions about the principles of social justice. Using data from Taiwan Social Change Survey of 2006, the findings from this study provide supportive evidence for the arguments of previous literature and offer some further distinct results. In...

  11. Spirituality within the Family and the Prevention of Health Risk Behavior among Adolescents in Bangkok, Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Chamratrithirong, Aphichat; Miller, Brenda A.; Byrnes, Hilary F.; Rhucharoenpornpanich, Orratai; CUPP, PAMELA K.; Rosati, Michael J.; Fongkaew, Warunee; Atwood, Katharine A.; Chookhare, Warunee

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates the influences of a family's spiritual beliefs and practices on substance use and sexual risk behaviors among young adolescents 13 to 14 years old in Bangkok, Thailand. Independent predictor variables are the parents' and teens' spiritual beliefs and practices in Buddhism and parental monitoring behaviors. The study uses data from the 2007 Baseline Survey of the Thai Family Matters Project, which adapted a U.S. based family prevention program for Thai culture. A repres...

  12. Personal identity and eastern thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Correia Carlos João

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to show that the problem of personal identity is a fundamental question of the classical Indian thought. Usually we tend to think that personal identity is a Western philosophical subject, and so we tend to forget the significance of the Self (Atman in Hinduism and even in Buddhism. The author shows how the Indian thought approached the question of personal identity and which was the singular solution outlined in the work consensually attributed to Gotama, the Buddha.

  13. "Inheritance of Filial Piety, Highness of Buddhist Discipline":On Dunhuang Buddhist Reverence of Filial Piety from the Period of Middle-and-Late Tang and Five Dynasties to Song Dynasty%"孝顺相承,戒行俱高"——论中晚唐五代宋敦煌佛教高张孝道

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李正宇

    2015-01-01

    佛教本不讲孝道,传入中国后,三国时期开始吸收中国的孝道观念,此后,中国佛教才有了孝道观念.吐蕃占领敦煌后,敦煌人民不忘家国宗祖,将家国之思、宗祖之念融入佛教信行,建家窟以代宗祠家庙,将唐宗及父祖同祀于佛窟.晚唐至北宋,敦煌佛教进一步倡扬孝道,事佛与孝亲共容,进一步入世合俗,实际上突破了释迦摩尼弃世脱俗的教义.%The original Buddhism did not include filial piety, but after its introduciton into China, especially during the period of the Three Kingdoms, Buddhism began to assimilate Chinese filial piety, and whereafter, the Chinese Buddhism contained filial piety. In the ruling of the Tibetan regime, the people of Dunhuang never forgot their country and ancestors and conbined the reminiscence of their country and ancestors with Buddhist discipline so that they built home grottoes substituting for ancestral halls or temples, where they offered sacrifices to the Tang emperors and their forefathers. From the late Tang to north Song dynasty, Dunhuang Buddhism further advocated filial piety and the reverence of Budda and filial piety were in harmony, which virtually broke through Buddha Shakjamuni's discipline of being free from the secular world and vulgarity.

  14. Study of Chinese porcelain sherds of Old Goa, India: Indicators of trade contacts

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tripati, S.; Pande, R.; Rao, V.G.

    and vases with clear, bluish or greenish glazed porcelain. Buddhism continued to be a major influence during this period. Sulaiman (851 AD), the Arab merchant has mentioned about the manufacturing of Chinese porcelain in China (Shen 1996). During the Tang... symbolise good luck, longevity, long life, honour, etc; pictorial marks are related to Chinese lore, Buddhist symbols, Taoist symbols, the hundred antiques, etc and potters’ mark signifies manufacturers’ symbols. During the Ming dynasty Jingdezhen near...

  15. Zen and the Art of Storytelling

    OpenAIRE

    Bai, Heesoon; Cohen, Avraham

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the contribution of Zen storytelling to moral education. First, an understanding of Zen practice, what it is and how it is achieved, is established. Second, the connection between Zen practice and ethics is shown in terms of the former’s ability to cultivate moral emotions and actions. It is shown that Zen practice works at the roots of consciousness where, according to the fundamental tenets of Buddhism, the possibility of human goodness, known as bodhicitta (awakened hea...

  16. ISLAMIC ELEMENTS IN TRADITIONAL INDONESIAN AND MALAY THEATRE

    OpenAIRE

    Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof

    2010-01-01

    From the earliest times, traditional theatre in Southeast Asia has been shaped by a wide range of religious and cultural influences—those deriving from animism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, as well as from Chinese and western traditions. The overwhelming influences, especially of Hinduism, have had the tendency to obscure contributions from the Middle- and Near-East. The view that Islam, with rare exceptions, prohibits performing arts has resulted in a negligence of these arts forms in Muslim s...

  17. Misreading and re-reading: interpretation in comparative religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René Gothóni

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Religion should no longer only be equated with a doctrine or philosophy which, although important, is but one aspect or dimension of the phenomenon religion. Apart from presenting the intellectual or rational aspects of Buddhism, we should aim at a balanced view by also focusing on the mythical or narrative axioms of the Buddhist doctrines, as well as on the practical and ritual, the experiential and emotional, the ethical and legal, the social and institutional, and the material and artistic dimensions of the religious phenomenon known as Buddhism. This will help us to arrive at a balanced, unbiased and holistic conception of the subject matter. We must be careful not to impose the ethnocentric conceptions of our time, or to fall into the trap of reductionism, or to project our own idiosyncratic or personal beliefs onto the subject of our research. For example, according to Marco Polo, the Sinhalese Buddhists were 'idolaters', in other words worshippers of idols. This interpretation of the Sinhalese custom of placing offerings such as flowers, incense and lights before the Buddha image is quite understandable, because it is one of the most conspicuous feature of Sinhalese Buddhism even today. However, in conceiving of Buddhists as 'idolaters', Polo was uncritically using the concept of the then prevailing ethnocentric Christian discourse, by which the worshippers of other religions used idols, images or representations of God or the divine as objects of worship, a false God, as it were. Christians, on the other hand, worshipped the only true God.

  18. 佛教生态伦理观与生态旅游开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜节礼

    2011-01-01

    佛教蕴含着丰富而深刻的生态伦理思想,佛教生态伦理观的基本特征集中表现在它的整体观、无我论、生命观、净土观以及日常的生态实践方面。佛教生态文化尽管存在不少的历史局限性,但是它留下的关于人与自然和谐相处的丰富经验和深刻智慧,为人类建设生态文明提供了宝贵的资源,对于旅游开发来说,还是有很多值得挖掘和利用的文化资源。%Buddhism contains the rich and profound ecological ethics thoughts. The basic characteristics of Buddhism ecology ethics concentrate the its holism, self- denying doctrine, view of life value, pure land view, and daily ecologically practices. Although Buddhism ecological culture has its historical limitation, its rich experience and profound wisdom concerning harmony between human and nature provide precious resources to human beings' ecological civilization construction. In terms of tourism development, there are a lot of cultural resources that are worth digging up and utilizing.

  19. An Unknown Tradition of Han Chinese Conversions to Tibetan Buddhism:Han Chinese Incarnate Lamas and Parishioners of Tibetan Buddhist Monasteries in Amdo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gray Tuttle

    2013-01-01

    AbstrActThis article examines Han Chinese who has historically practiced Tibetan Buddhism in the Qinghai-Gansu border region. The main primary sources were published in the 1990s, based on surveys by Chinese social scientists who were sent around in the 1950s to collect data on Tibetan Buddhist institutions as well as additional independent surveys from the 1980s and my own site visits in 2006. On the basis of these sources, I argue that there are at least 100,000 and probably as many as 200,000 Han Chinese on the borders of Qinghai and Gansu (part of the Amdo cultural region for Tibetans) practicing Tibetan Buddhism, following traditions that seem to have been in place for centuries. I also discuss the sixteen historic cases of Han Chinese reincarnate lamas and the over one hundred monasteries in this region affiliated with Han Chinese. Finally, I note the sectarian affiliations (jiaopai: Nyingma, Geluk, etc.) and religious practices of these Chinese communities practicing Tibetan Buddhism.

  20. Buddha philosophy and western psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aich, Tapas Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Four noble truths as preached by Buddha are that the life is full of suffering (Duhkha), that there is a cause of this suffering (Duhkha-samudaya), it is possible to stop suffering (Duhkha-nirodha), and there is a way to extinguish suffering (Duhkha-nirodha-marga). Eight fold Path (astangika-marga) as advocated by Buddha as a way to extinguish the sufferings are right views, right resolve/aspiration, right speech, right action/conduct, right livelihood, right effort right mindfulness and right concentration. Mid-twentieth century saw the collaborations between many psychoanalysts and Buddhist scholars as a meeting between "two of the most powerful forces" operating in the Western mind. Buddhism and Western Psychology overlap in theory and in practice. Over the last century, experts have written on many commonalities between Buddhism and various branches of modern western psychology like phenomenological psychology, psychoanalytical psychotherapy, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and existential psychology. Orientalist Alan Watts wrote 'if we look deeply into such ways of life as Buddhism, we do not find either philosophy or religion as these are understood in the West. We find something more nearly resembling psychotherapy'. Buddha was a unique psychotherapist. His therapeutic methods helped millions of people throughout the centuries. This essay is just an expression of what little the current author has understood on Buddha philosophy and an opportunity to offer his deep tribute to one of the greatest psychotherapists the world has ever produced!

  1. Analysis of Restrictive Factors of Chinese International Discourse Power for the Tibetan Matter:From a Religious Perspective%我国涉藏问题国际话语权制约因素分析--以宗教为考察维度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾晓阳; 李冬莲

    2014-01-01

    佛教在印度本土式微后,中国事实上已成为世界佛教的中心。但藏传佛教的复兴不仅未能促进涉藏问题的有利解决,反而成为制约我国涉藏问题国际话语权的战略“负资产”。将这种战略“负资产”转化为“正能量”的一种可行思路是,重视藏传佛教信众的心理认同,加强藏传佛教统战工作,争取宗教文化认同,占领道德制高点。%After Buddhism declining in India, China has become the center of world Buddhists. However, the resurgence of Tibetan Buddhism fails to turn into an advantage to solve the Tibetan matter;instead, it is a constraint to discourse power of Tibetan matter as a kind of"negative asset". Transforming this strategic"negative asset"into"positive energy"can be a feasible way to value Buddhist′s psychology identity, reinforce united front work of Tibetan Buddhism, strive for the religious cultural identity, and occupy the high point of moral .

  2. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Western adoption of Buddhist tenets?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fung, Kenneth

    2015-08-01

    Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a psychological intervention that has wide clinical applications with emerging empirical support. It is based on Functional Contextualism and is derived as a clinical application of the Relational Frame Theory, a behavioral account of the development of human thought and cognition. The six core ACT therapeutic processes include: Acceptance, Defusion, Present Moment, Self-as-Context, Values, and Committed Action. In addition to its explicit use of the concept of mindfulness, the therapeutic techniques of ACT implicitly incorporate other aspects of Buddhism. This article describes the basic principles and processes of ACT, explores the similarities and differences between ACT processes and some of the common tenets in Buddhism such as the Four Noble Truths and No-Self, and reports on the experience of running a pilot intervention ACT group for the Cambodian community in Toronto in partnership with the community's Buddhist Holy Monk. Based on this preliminary exploration in theory and the reflections of the group experience, ACT appears to be consistent with some of the core tenets of Buddhism in the approach towards alleviating suffering, with notable differences in scope reflecting their different aims and objectives. Further development of integrative therapies that can incorporate psychological and spiritual as well as diverse cultural perspectives may help the continued advancement and evolution of more effective psychotherapies that can benefit diverse populations. PMID:25085722

  3. 近十余年明代女性与佛教关系研究之综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳娜

    2015-01-01

    明代被佛教史研究者视为佛教思想呆滞的保守期。在这个保守时代,女性群体与佛教之间的关系是微妙的。女性在遵循传统的封建礼教标准的同时,又努力在佛教信仰过程中开辟出自由的生存空间。近十年来,史学界对明代的女性群体与佛教关系也有为数不少的研究成果。在回顾明代女性与佛教关系研究的缘起和发展状况的同时,从女性的佛教观、佛教中女性的主体地位和文学作品中女尼形象这三方面来对明时期女性与佛教关系作深入的探讨,对这一领域的研究状况进行归纳和评述也势必为该领域的进一步发展产生一定的意义。%The Ming Dynasty was the conservative period in the study of the history of Buddhism. In the conservative era, the relationship between female group and Buddhism is subtle. Women must follow the traditional feudal ethics standards, at the same time, make efforts to open up a free living space in the Buddhist belief. In recent ten years, there are many research results about the relationship between Buddhist and women in historian circle. In the review of the study of the origin and development of relationship between Buddhist and women in Ming Dynasty, the female viewpoint of Buddhism, Buddhism female subjectivity and the image of female, the paper investigates the relationship between women and Buddhism in the Ming period, which has certain significance for further development of the study in this field.

  4. The Great Stupa of Dharmakaya: Visual Expressions of a Tibetan Teacher's Path and Lineage in the Diaspora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janice Glowski

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available With the Tibetan diaspora in the late 1950s, Tibetan Buddhism spread to nearly every continent on the globe and has begun transforming western landscapes through the construction of 'stūpas', Buddhism’s principal architectural form.  'The Great Stupa of Dharmakaya Which Liberates Upon Seeing', located at Shambhala Mountain Center in Red Feather Lakes, Colorado and dedicated to the meditation master Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche, is an especially rich example of Tibetan Buddhist visual culture in the diaspora.  An iconographic analysis of the monuments exterior and interior architectural elements, sculptures and paintings, when contextualized within their historical context, reveals an intimate biography of Trungpa Rinpoche’s life.  Specifically, the visual narrative conveys two main Tibetan Buddhist themes:  the teacher’s progressive path of meditation and his lineage affiliations within Vajrayāna Buddhism.  In this way, the 'stūpa'' 'acts as a visual 'namtar '('rNam-thar', a traditional Tibetan biography that emphasizes a teacher’s personal journey to liberation and the masters who guided the way.  Although located far from the Himalayas and its Tibetan heritage, 'The Great Stupa of Dharmakaya’s' affinity to traditional Tibetan Buddhist architectural and religious modalities provides a window into Tibet Buddhism's history prior to 1959.  At the same time, the monument serves as coherent, visual documentation of Tibetan art during the diaspora’s early period and will, no doubt, become an increasingly important part of the tradition’s historical record.''

  5. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar and his thought on socialism in India-A critical evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarba Priya Ray

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In establishing an egalitarian society in India which is based on liberty , equality and fraternity and social justice,Ambedkar, the great Indian Constitution maker, struggled to find out avenues and means – intellectual, organizational and in terms of programmes throughout his life. This study attempts to throw light on Ambedkar’s quest for socialism in India with special reference to Marxism and Buddhism. He accepted the concept of class struggle but he felt that in the Indian set up, it had to be substantially redefined and ascribed a similar agenda to the Buddha and agreed that one of the major contradictions of capitalism was the social basis of its production in contrast to private appropriation. He criticized Marxism for subscribing to economic determinism, for its inadequate grasp of liberal democracy, for its inability to adequately understand the realm of ideologies and for considering moral values as historically conditioned. Though Ambedkar described his scheme of economic organization of the Indian society as state socialism, in view of its other features, we believe it appropriate to identify it democratic socialism. Moreover, collective farming , one of the major features of his model of democratic socialism, needs to be thoroughly reconsidered as it lacked viability. It is somewhat inconceivable how he could achieve socialism by eliminating socio-economic inequality without undermining the basic economic foundation of society on which the system of inequality was founded. The inability to resolve this contradiction ultimately led Ambedkar to find solace in Buddhism, with an attempt to present its teachings ‘in a new light to suit modern class realities’. In fact, Ambedkar‘s conversion to Buddhism was a ‘self-deception’ and channeled the whole movement of workers and peasants led by him into ‘reactionary and metaphysical conceptions’.

  6. ZHENG Guan-ying's View of Religious%论郑观应“七教合一”的宗教观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万淑君

    2012-01-01

    郑观应的宗教观是其整个思想中最具特色的部分,他以"道术"为其宗教观立纲,阐发了独特的性命观和神气观。他又从同源、同道、同心三方面会通儒、道、佛,在统一儒、道、佛三教的基础上,提出"七教统一"的宗教观,试图融儒、道、释、回、耶稣、天主等各教思想于一炉,通过寻找各个宗教的共通点来实现会通全球各教的理想。他的宗教观突破了"中体西用"文化观的局限,显示出新文化观的端倪。%ZHENG Guan-ying's view of religious is the most unique part of his thought.With "Dao and Tactics" ZHENG Guan-ying elucidated his view of religious which included the unique concept of "Xing and Ming" and "Shen and Qi".He described the interdisciplinary of Confucianism,Taoism and Buddhism from three aspects.On the basis of unified three religions of Confucianism,Taoism and Buddhism,he proposed his view of religious which was "Seven Religious Unity",attempted to unify the thoughts of all religions,such as Confucianism,Taoism,Buddhism,Islamism,Protestantism,Catholicism and Greek.By finding the common points of all religions,he tried to achieve the fusion of all religious around the world.His view of religious breaks through the limitation of "Westernized Chinese Style" and shows the clues of a new view of culture.

  7. The role of sutras translation in Chinese form development%佛经翻译在汉语形式发展中的作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨琳

    2015-01-01

    Buddhism was born in ancient India, is one of the world's three major religions. The introduction of Buddhism in China is mainly done through the translation of Buddhist scriptures. Buddhist scriptures translation cause in China starts at the beginning of the Han period, and with its unique religious beliefs permeate the spirit of the Chinese people's thought and traditional culture. Buddhist scriptures in the process of translation based on the traditional culture of China, in many ways more had a profound influence in China, as the spread of Buddhism culture carrier, played an important role in the Chinese language and culture, many Chinese Buddhist scriptures also to Chinese mandarin in the sound, word, meaning, syntax and style influenced many aspects, such as the development of the Chinese language.%佛教诞生于古印度,是世界三大宗教之一,.我国对佛教的引入主要是通过佛经的翻译来进行的.我国的佛经翻译事业之初是在我国的两汉时期,并以其独特的宗教信仰渗透到中国人民的精神思想和传统文化当中.佛经在翻译过程中依托中国的传统文化,在诸多方面多中国产生了深远的影响,作为佛教文化传播的载体,汉语言文化发挥了重要的作用,众多的汉译佛经也对中国汉语在音、字、意、句法、文体等诸多方面影响了汉语的发展.

  8. Learning for the Purpose of Application--on the Property of“Mythological and Taoist Themes”in the Northern Dynasties Caves at the Mogao Grottoes%吸纳消化化彼为我--谈莫高窟北朝洞窟“神话、道教题材”的属性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Some images in Mogao caves 249, 285, and 297, including King Father of the East, Queen Mother of the West, Fuxi, Nüwa, god of thunder, Kaiming, Feilian, Blue Dragon, White Tiger, Scarlet Bird, Black Tortoise, Fangshi (alchemist), and feathered human beings, are Taoist creation or mixtures of both Taoism and Buddhism. All these opinions are not pertinent. Actually, they reflected Buddhist absorption of mythological and Taoist themes. Buddhism strengthened itself by absorbing non-Buddhist themes and then overshadowed Taoism. This also means that Dunhuang Buddhism in the Northern Dynasties had broken through the limitation of Buddhist scriptures and stepped toward secularization.%  莫高窟第249、285、297窟出现东王公、西王母、伏羲、女娲、雷神、开明、飞廉、青龙、白虎、朱雀、玄武、方士、羽人等形象,或属之道教,或属之“佛道结合”或“佛道杂糅”,皆非确论。其实为佛教对神话、道教题材的吸纳消化,化为己有。彼所有者我亦有,我所有者彼乃无。从而充实、壮大加强了自身,在佛道较量中更胜一筹。同时意味着北朝时期敦煌佛教突破了佛经封闭性局限,朝向世俗化方向踱步。

  9. Social Influence of the Conversion of Some Dai People to Christianity and A Study on the Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Wenan

    2014-01-01

    Historically , the spread of Christi-anity in the Dai areas took place roughly in two are-as.One includes the area represented by Xishuang-banna and Dehong where most of the people believe in Theravada Buddhism , and the other is the area represented by Xinping , Yuanjiang and Wuding where most of people believe in primitive religion . In recent years , Christianity in the Dai areas such as Xishuangbanna and Dehong has been very ac-tive, and the number of Dai people who have con-verted to the Christianity is increasing rapidly .

  10. THE PHILOSOPHY OF “DALIT”?...(A new theory on “JATIS”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Arulmani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available It is focused that in human social system “Dalits” are considered as an “out-caste” and treated them as “Untouchables” and being ill-treated almost in every day of Life. If so, where did Dalits come from?... Since Ancient time global level Scientists, Scholars, Anthropologists could not exactly answer who are Dalits?... Further world wide Untouchability, Casteism discrimination being practiced besides “BLACK” and “WHITE”, ethnics. Further hundreds of castes, sub castes exist within main “Ethnic frame” of religions like Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, considering Dalits as distinguished out-caste.

  11. Play Your City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pihl, Ole Verner

    The concept of the Botanic garden 1. Five squares of the five monotheistic religions introduced: Christianity, Buddhism, Islam Judaism and Hindu. 2. The two islands contain parts of Greek mythology and Shinto. 3. Nordic mythology is a part of the Crystal Forest. 4. "The writer's path" leads from ...... and further south. 6. The orangery and echo house introducing exotic plants and flowers. It is all about creating a representation of heaven on earth, but heaven has a counterpart and it has to be represented as well. But in a learning context that offers a place for reflection....

  12. Comparison of Spiritual Traditions in the Context of Universality of Mysticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavomír Gálik

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the authors study similarities in mysticism of Western Christian tradition and selected Eastern spiritual traditions based on comparative analysis of prayer degrees (mansions in The Interior Castle in Teresa of Avila and Yogic psychical centres (the so-called chakras that are known also in other Eastern spiritual traditions (Taoism and Buddhism. The authors note that especially higher degrees – from the fourth to the seventh – show formal similarities, while the seventh degree also reveals similarities in contents. They speak of importance of revealing these similarities in the perspective of understanding of human being, his further spiritual development, and also interreligious dialogue.

  13. The Dual Role a Buddhist Monk Played in the American South: The Balance between Heritage and Citizenship in the Refugee Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Rhodes

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Buddhist Monks in Vietnam struggle with cultural preservation differently from a monk in the U.S. where the forces of acculturation for new arrivals, often refugees, are extraordinarily overwhelming. The author provides a case study examining how Buddhist leaders engage in cultural preservation and community building in the American South. Fusing ideas of Engaged Buddhism and community building, the author will demonstrate how a Buddhist monk is able to navigate the broader American culture and assist Vietnamese immigrants and refugees to acculturate, while maintaining their own cultural heritage, beliefs and religious traditions; ultimately building a viable and sustainable Buddhist community that contributes greatly to its new host community.

  14. http://englishkyoto-seas.org/2014/02/vol-1-no-3-takahiro-kojima/

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takahiro Kojima

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper will explore the religious practices of Theravada Buddhists in Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province. The data presented were gathered by the author during a year of fieldwork in a village outside the city of Ruili. Dehong Prefecture is located on the China-Myanmar border. One of the main groups in this area is the Dai (Tăi, who follow Theravada Buddhism. Buddhism was brought into Dehong mainly from Myanmar. Local religious practices have much in common with Buddhist practices in Southeast Asia, sharing the same Pali canon. However, this area differs from other Theravada Buddhist societies in that it has a relatively low number of monks and novices. Although all the villages in Dehong have a monastery, just as in the rest of Southeast Asia, most of the monas- teries are uninhabited. One reason for this is the oppression of religion during the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. But more important, the custom of ordaining is significantly less widespread in Dehong than in other Theravada Buddhist societies. Therefore, without resident monks, Buddhist rituals in Dehong are performed by virtue of the direct relationship between the lay community and their Buddhist texts, Buddha images, and pagodas. In particular, holu (experts in reciting Buddhist texts and xiŋ lai (elderly people who go to the monastery during the rainy season retreat to keep eight precepts on special holy days play important roles as mediators in this relationship.1 It is laypeople, not monks, who play the central role in the practice of Buddhism in Dehong. In this situation, knowledge of Buddhism is transmitted mainly from laypeople to laypeople. Furthermore, a diver- sity of practices has been produced and reproduced by local Buddhists. These features of Buddhist practices in Dehong are in striking contrast to practices in other Theravada Buddhist societies, and suggest that there is a need to re-examine the models to understand

  15. The Associations Between the Religious Background, Social Supports, and Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders in Taiwan: An Observational Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Kuan-Han; Chen, Yih-Sharng; Chou, Nai-Kuan; Huang, Sheng-Jean; Wu, Chau-Chung; Chen, Yen-Yuan

    2016-01-01

    Prior studies have demonstrated important implications related to religiosity and a do-not-resuscitate (DNR) decision. However, the association between patients' religious background and DNR decisions is vague. In particular, the association between the religious background of Buddhism/Daoism and DNR decisions has never been examined. The objective of this study was to examine the association between patients' religious background and their DNR decisions, with a particular focus on Buddhism/Daoism.The medical records of the patients who were admitted to the 3 surgical intensive care units (SICU) in a university-affiliated medical center located at Northern Taiwan from June 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013 were retrospectively collected. We compared the clinical/demographic variables of DNR patients with those of non-DNR patients using the Student t test or χ test depending on the scale of the variables. We used multivariate logistic regression analysis to examine the association between the religious backgrounds and DNR decisions.A sample of 1909 patients was collected: 122 patients had a DNR order; and 1787 patients did not have a DNR order. Old age (P = 0.02), unemployment (P = 0.02), admission diagnosis of "nonoperative, cardiac failure/insufficiency" (P = 0.03), and severe acute illness at SICU admission (P Buddhism/Daoism (P = 0.04), married marital status (P = 0.02), and admission diagnosis of "postoperative, major surgery" (P = 0.02) were less likely to have a DNR order written during their SICU stay. Furthermore, patients with poor social support, as indicated by marital and working status, were more likely to consent to a DNR order during SICU stay.This study showed that the religious background of Buddhism/Daoism was significantly associated with a lower likelihood of consenting to a DNR, and poor social support was significantly associated with a higher likelihood of having a DNR order written during SICU stay. PMID:26817913

  16. Acoustics of old Asian bells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossing, Thomas D.

    2001-05-01

    The art of casting bronze bells developed to a high level of sophistication in China during the Shang dynasty (1766-1123 BC). Many chimes of two-tone bells remain from the Western and Eastern Zhou dynasties (1122-249 BC). With the spread of Buddhism from the third century, large round temple bells developed in China and later in Korea, Japan, and other Asian countries. Vibrational modes of some of these bells have been studied by means of holographic interferometry and experimental modal testing. Their musical as well as acoustical properties are discussed.

  17. The Associations Between the Religious Background, Social Supports, and Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Kuan-Han; Chen, Yih-Sharng; Chou, Nai-Kuan; Huang, Sheng-Jean; Wu, Chau-Chung; Chen, Yen-Yuan

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Prior studies have demonstrated important implications related to religiosity and a do-not-resuscitate (DNR) decision. However, the association between patients’ religious background and DNR decisions is vague. In particular, the association between the religious background of Buddhism/Daoism and DNR decisions has never been examined. The objective of this study was to examine the association between patients’ religious background and their DNR decisions, with a particular focus on Buddhism/Daoism. The medical records of the patients who were admitted to the 3 surgical intensive care units (SICU) in a university-affiliated medical center located at Northern Taiwan from June 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013 were retrospectively collected. We compared the clinical/demographic variables of DNR patients with those of non-DNR patients using the Student t test or χ2 test depending on the scale of the variables. We used multivariate logistic regression analysis to examine the association between the religious backgrounds and DNR decisions. A sample of 1909 patients was collected: 122 patients had a DNR order; and 1787 patients did not have a DNR order. Old age (P = 0.02), unemployment (P = 0.02), admission diagnosis of “nonoperative, cardiac failure/insufficiency” (P = 0.03), and severe acute illness at SICU admission (P Buddhism/Daoism (P = 0.04), married marital status (P = 0.02), and admission diagnosis of “postoperative, major surgery” (P = 0.02) were less likely to have a DNR order written during their SICU stay. Furthermore, patients with poor social support, as indicated by marital and working status, were more likely to consent to a DNR order during SICU stay. This study showed that the religious background of Buddhism/Daoism was significantly associated with a lower likelihood of consenting to a DNR, and poor social support was significantly associated with a higher likelihood of having a DNR order written during SICU

  18. Sanctuaries of urban sociability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Anni

    latter. Thirdly, they are not perceived of as pockets of resistance; however, the sanctuaries studied have offered possibilities for acquiring a social etiquette, aesthetic skills and a social morality which point beyond the local community or the lodge formations, irregular intrigues and power plays of...... sanctuaries were reinvented during Tokugawa. In this historical period Buddhism and Shinto were thoroughly intertwined (Reader 2005). People of Edo ‘picked and mixed’ from both religions. The focus is on issues of practice and on levels of engagement in a variety of events as indices of religiosity....

  19. Shadow Celadon Statue of Guanyin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    In Buddhist legend, the Bodhisattva Guanyin is infinitely merciful, always helping the needy and succoring the distressed. Guanyin can also freely change into many incarnations. Starting from the 2nd century A.D., Guanyin began to appear as a woman, becoming one of the most important images in Chinese Buddhism. This statue of Guanyin was excavated in 1955 from the ruins of Dadu (the capital of the Yuan Dynasty) at Dingfu Street, Xicheng District of today’s Beijing. It stands 67 cm high. Smiling slightly with her half-lidded eyes, Guanyinlooks dignified and refined, with a some-

  20. 星云大师佛教财富观对现代经济学的超越∗%Grand Master Hsing Yun's Buddhist View of Wealth as an Overstepping of Modern Economics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立夫

    2015-01-01

    佛教在两千多年的发展中,尽管蕴含着丰富的经济学思想,但几乎很少有佛教学者敢于正面直视“经济问题”,造成了诸多的误读。星云大师以其几十年的弘法体验,向公众“开示”佛教的“财富课”,对现代经济学而言既是一种纠偏,也是一种超越。星云大师从“经世济民”的高度综合地看待经济问题,用“圣财”、“净财”来界定财富,用“因果法则”来指导“经商伦理”,并用“惜福”、“环保”来理财,不仅涵盖了富兰克林提出的"赚钱格言",而且颠覆了“韦伯难题”。也许人们并不承认有所谓的“佛教经济学”,但对于佛教的财富观念、生财、理财之道,当一定不敢轻视。%In the course of development for thousands of years,few Buddhist scholars chose to face di-rectly the economic issue,though there did exist abundant economical ideas in Buddhism,which led to a-mounts of misunderstanding.Grand Master Hsing Yun shed light upon economic ideas in Buddhism based on his experiences in Buddhism promotion for decades,which is undoubtedly a rectification,even a tran-scendence to modern economics.Grand Master Hsing Yun dissects economic issues aiming at benefiting the people.All these ideas define wealth by “Sheng Cai”or “Jing Cai”,and instruct business ethics by the law of cause and effect,while conducting financial management through treasuring blessings and environ-mental protection.Buddhist economic ideas proposed by Grand Master Hsing Yun not only cover money-making motto by Franklin,but also a subversion to Weber Puzzle.Maybe so-called Buddhist Economics has never been admitted,however,the idea about wealth,money-making,and financial management in Buddhism can never be neglected.

  1. Dynamism of Ballet in Isan

    OpenAIRE

    Sirimongkol Natayakul; Surapone Virunrak; Vutthipong Roadkhasermsri

    2015-01-01

    Isan is a region with diverse dancing art forms, such as Fon (Northertern-Thai-style-dance), Serng (Northestern-Thai-style-dance), and Ram (Central-Thai-style-dance) which are attached to important traditions associated with Buddhism and spiritual beliefs. Ballet is a unique cross-cultural dance that has spread into Isan society over a long period of time. This qualitative research aims to study the history of ballet in Isan from 1976 to 2012 and the factors that have led to the dynamism of b...

  2. India's Engagement With East Asia and The China Factor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Li

    2010-01-01

    @@ Introduction India's engagement with East Asia has enjoyed a long history.In ancient times,the Indian Civilization exerted substantial influence on Southeast and East Asia.Buddhism,originating on the Subcontinent more than two centuries ago,remains most popular in Southeast and East Asia.India also has centuries of economic bonds with the region.Under the colonial rule of the British,India was used to safeguard and promote British"interests"in the Pacific Ocean,as well as in the Middle East and Africa.

  3. The Paradox of Modern Suffering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dræby, Anders

    . According to Buddhism, existence is suffering, and each persons desire to reach a state of nothingness (Nirvana) causes them to return over and over through reincarnation, in order to work out their karma. In Christianity suffering is inseparable from man's earthly existence, and it must serve to overcome...... evil and strengthen goodness in the person who is able to recognize the divine mercy in its call. Through faith man can discover the redemptive suffering of Christ and rediscover his own sufferings enriched with a new meaning. The more one suffers in this life in the service of God, the more prepared...... one is to achieve salvation in an existence after death....

  4. [Life of Lonrig Dandar, a famous physician of traditional Mongolian medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baoyintu; Haserdun

    2003-01-01

    Longrig Dandar, a Mongolian native of Kalak, was born in 1842 and died in 1915. Being a famous Mongolian physician converted to Buddhism when he was a boy, he was proficient in "Five Rig-pa", especially fond of gSo-ba rig-pa with high achievements, and was respected as wonderful physician in Mongolian region. Though he was oppressed when he was young, but was later recommended by XIII Dalai Lama. He was famous in local region. He wrote and published 5 medical books, including Helile (Chebula) jing zhu jie yin an jing, Ta jiao de, exerting very profound influence in Mongolian medical province.

  5. 連続性と非連続性 : 呂澂の中国大乗佛教批判について

    OpenAIRE

    張, 文良

    2013-01-01

    According to Lü Cheng, the Consciousness-Only or Yogācāra School of Indian Buddhism claims that the essence of all sentient beings is “tathatā,” which is lack of cognitive ability, and therefore is a theory of what he calls“Primal Purity.” On the other hand, he claims that Chinese Buddhist philosophers believe that the nature of all sentient beings is pure and intelligent, by their theory of “Original Bodhi.” With these contrasting, Lü Cheng claims that there is a radical rupture between Ch...

  6. Factors associated with drug use among male motorbike taxi drivers in urban Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Huy Van; Vu, Thinh Toan; Pham, Ha Nguyen

    2014-08-01

    A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 291 male motorbike taxi drivers (MMTDs) recruited through social mapping technique in Hanoi, Vietnam, for face-to-face interviews to examine factors associated with drug use among MMTDs using Information-Motivation-Behavioral skills (IMB) model. Among 291 MMTDs, 17.18% reported drug use sometime in their lives, 96% of whom were drug injectors. Being depressed, being originally borne in urban cities, currently residing in rural areas, having a longer time living apart from their wives/lovers, using alcohol, following Buddhism, and reporting lower motivation of HIV prevention predict significantly higher odds of uptaking drugs. PMID:24601783

  7. 浅谈日本古典园林与美学%Discuss the Japanese Classical Gardens and Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧文霞

    2013-01-01

    In the process of its development, Traditional Japa-nese garden is under the influence of Chinese garden, which gradually formed its own distinct style subject to the impact of Buddhism and Confucianism, and not due to assimilation.%  日本传统园林深受中国园林的影响,在其发展过程中,受到佛教和儒学的冲击,并不归于同化,逐渐形成了自己鲜明的风格。

  8. Theory of Traditional Chinese Aesthetic Thoughts Influence on Ancient Chinese Architectural Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴静

    2014-01-01

    the Chinese tradition of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism thought influence the design style of the building. Confu-cian, Taoist thought of"the doctrine of the mean"of"nature and humanity"ideology, traditional Confucian thought on the forma-tion of the traditional architectural style vital role. Of ancient Chinese architecture is harmonious and peaceful feelings, Confucian, Taoist, buddhist thought deeply, meanwhile, reflect the hand, reasonable aspiration is dependent of the aesthetic, the emotion affects the ancient Chinese architecture planning, layout and construction, formed the ancient Chinese architecture unique architectural style and artistic style and features.

  9. Tai Chi philosophy and nursing epistemology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alperson, Sunny Yim

    2008-01-01

    This article analyzes the philosophy underpinning Tai Chi practice in light of nursing epistemology. The first half of the article reviews the general characteristics of major Chinese philosophical traditions that have been merged in Tai Chi: Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism. In the second half, themes of integration and praxis in Tai Chi are linked with Carper's fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. Tai Chi is a practical fusion of humanistic philosophy with an experiential dimension of movement in a nondualistic foundation. The author argues that TC philosophy can be applied to integrated knowledge development and nursing praxis. PMID:20531257

  10. The development and perspectives of Chinese bioethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hongwen; Cong, Yali

    2008-12-01

    Bioethics began to emerge in the late 1980s in China, which was borrowed and introduced from western countries. But the Chinese bioethics has a different model from western bioethics in its philosophical basis and culture environment which have been influenced by Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. Academic researchers of bioethics, policy makers and the public have different opinions to the bioethical issues. Though sharing some similarities with those of western bioethics, the Chinese bioethics has certain different and urgent topics, such as health inequality in health care reform, physician-patient relationship, and different model of the informed consent. PMID:19492719

  11. [A comparative study on the ethics of Western and traditional Chinese medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ming-xue; Liu, Sheng

    2008-10-01

    The ethics of Western medicine and that of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) developed separately in their own ways. The formation and development of ancient medical ethics of China were extensively and deeply influenced by Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and other religious thought, while the ancient ethic basis of western society was influenced by traditional Judaism, Christianism, Catholicism and other natural philosophical thinking of ancient Greece and Rome. With the progress of medical and life sciences, the medical ethics begins to transfer into the life ethics, thus giving rise to new questions in the ethics of Western medicine and TCM. PMID:19141202

  12. The perspective of psychosomatic medicine on the effect of religion on the mind-body relationship in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakao, Mutsuhiro; Ohara, Chisin

    2014-02-01

    Shintoism, Buddhism, and Qi, which advocate the unity of mind and body, have contributed to the Japanese philosophy of life. The practice of psychosomatic medicine emphasizes the connection between mind and body and combines the psychotherapies (directed at the mind) and relaxation techniques (directed at the body), to achieve stress management. Participation in religious activities such as preaching, praying, meditating, and practicing Zen can also elicit relaxation responses. Thus, it is time for traditional religions to play an active role in helping those seeking psychological stability after the Great East Japan Earthquake and the ongoing crisis related to the nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan, to maintain a healthy mind-body relationship.

  13. Nutritional Problems and Intervention Strategies in India

    OpenAIRE

    Asumadu-Sarkodie, Samuel

    2012-01-01

    India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area. it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. The major religions are Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. India has a total population of 1,198,003,000, a gr...

  14. Ancient Indian Buddhist View of Four Caste Equal Theory and Its Thought System of Pluralistic Tendency%古印度佛教的四姓平等观及多元倾向的思想体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚卫群

    2015-01-01

    The formation of Buddhist theoretical characteristics has an important relationship with ancient Indian caste system. The main founders and original followers of early Buddhism usually had a negative attitude towards the caste system which had a great influence on ancient Indian society, and explicitly rejected the social inequality formed under caste system.This exerts a direct influence on the pluralistically-oriented theories, such as theories of dependent origination, five skandhas, no-self and im-permanence.Even after its spreading into many countries outside India, Buddhism still stressed the equality of all living beings and many corresponding theories.Therefore, in order to understand the causes of some important theories of Buddhism, we should study the social development form or basic structure in ancient India in the period of early Buddhism.%佛教理论特色的形成与古印度的种姓制有着重要的关系。佛教在产生时的主要创立者及最初的信众通常对于古印度社会中影响极大的种姓制具有抵触态度,对于种姓制下形成的社会不平等明确表示反对。这对于佛教在理论上提出缘起观、五蕴说、无我说与无常观等具多元倾向的思想有直接的影响。甚至在传入印度外的许多国家后,佛教仍然强调众生平等和许多与之相应的理论。因此,要明了佛教的一些重要教义或理论提出的原因时,就必须要考察此教产生时的古印度的社会发展形态或基本结构。

  15. 中国宗教の原質としての「宇宙神教」 : 中国宗教の全体構造に関するモデル

    OpenAIRE

    前川, 亨

    1998-01-01

    J. J. M. de Groot's work “Universismus” contains an important suggestion.He points out that ‘three teachings’-Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism-share a fundamental sphere common to all Chinese religions, which forms the common values of the Chinese people.He calls this sphere ‘Universismus’(‘universism’ in English).In this paper, following his lead, we will describe the whole structure of Chinese religion, including not only the elite level but also the popular level, by elaborating on the c...

  16. 滇越瑶族宗教信仰略论--兼论传统度戒文化%On Yao People’s Religious Faith in Honghe Prefecture --Discussing on the Traditional Conversion Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙倮贵

    2014-01-01

    The Honghe Yao people have a belief that everything in nature has a spirit. They, as well, believe in Taoism and Buddhism. The disciplines of Taoism and Buddhism, and the morals regulated in their primitive religion help to form a complicated religious document used in various ways. The conversion is a rite for the men adults to be religious followers, and is also a rite by which the religion is passed down to generations. Under the influence of the Taoism and Buddhism, the Yao people’s primitive religious activities are quite familiar with that of the Taoism and Buddhism. They respect the same spirits and use the same instruments. In the research course, it is needed to discard the dross and select the essence as to promote Honghe Yao people’s refined culture and ethnic spirit.%滇越瑶族崇信“万物有灵”,并道教经义和佛教教规为核心,又结合本民族原始宗教及伦理道德,发展成具有个性名称和用途十分繁杂的瑶族宗教经籍。度戒是瑶族男子的成年礼,既是瑶族男子度戒入教仪式,又是其宗教以沿袭的传承形式,是瑶族社会生活中的传统伦理道德观念的重要内容。滇越瑶族宗教活动,受道教和佛教的影响,除崇奉的神祗大体相同外,使用的法器与道教无甚差别,对滇越瑶族宗教的教义和活动调查研究,取其精华,弃其糟粕,发扬光大滇越瑶族的优秀文化传统和民族精神。

  17. 福建福鼎市太姥山宋代国兴寺遗址的发掘%Excavation of the Guoxingsi Temple-site of the Song Period at Tailaoshan in Fuding City,Fujian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    福建博物院; 福鼎市文体局; 福鼎市旅游局; 太姥山风景区管理局

    2003-01-01

    In September-November 2001,the Fujian Provincial Museum and other institutions excavated the site of Guoxingsi Temple at Tailaoshan in Fuding City.They revealed the vestiges of pavilions,side rooms,passages,small yards and a stupa in this Song period temple and dug out large quantities of ceramic articles,structural members and inscribed steles.The excavation indicates that the temple was first built in the fourth year of the Qianfu reign,Tang Dynasty,and reached its prosperity atthe turn from the Northern Song to the Southern Song period.The unearthed material contributes to studying the history of architecture and Buddhism in ancient China.

  18. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana S. ROŠKER

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Spirituality plays a significant role in shaping the cohesion of communities, their values, and their structures across the globe. Various religious practices and ideational systems are particularly complex in Asia. Home to some of the world major spiritual traditions such as Hinduism and Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism, as well as to a relevant number of practicing Christians, Muslims, and self-identified atheists and agnostics, Asia provides us with an intense and extraordinarily rich tapestry of different religious and spiritual practices...

  19. Al-Ummah fī Indūnīsīya: Mafhūmuhā, Wāqi‘uhā wa Tajrībatuhā

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Quraish Shihab

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Islam has undergone several renewals throughout its long history in Indonesia. These renewals have resulted in stratifications leading to the formation of sects within Indonesian Muslim community. Meanwhile, Hinduism and Buddhism -  the two dominant religions which came before Islam - still exist amongst a small number of the population, and Christianity is gaining more adherents. In effect Indonesia is becoming an ethnically, religiously and professionally pluralistic nation. Differences in opinion are thus unavoidable.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v1i1.867

  20. 道元による自己の思索

    OpenAIRE

    松田, 央; Hiroshi, MATSUDA

    2004-01-01

    Dogen is the founder of Japanese Sotoshu, a sort of Zen Buddhism. He is as excellent a religious thinker as ever lived not only in Japanese religious history but also in the world religious history. He has sought his original self by thinking of his self and also aimed to grow out of his awareness of the self, his ego. Here self is distinguished from ego. Contemporary people are lost in a maze named the ego, and suffer and struggle in this space. Dogen is a great master who teaches the way ho...

  1. Altered Space for a New Zen in Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Soucy, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    Twentieth century events, with the Buddhist Revival (in response to colonialism), the war (and subsequent dispersal of the Vietnamese overseas), and Communist challenges, have brought about a renewed interest in Zen Buddhism in the twenty-first century. The southern Vietnamese monk, Thích Thanh Từ, has drawn on potent historical signifiers of Trần Nhân Tông and the only Vietnamese Zen lineage (Trúc Lâm) to create a new kind of Zen while simultaneously claiming identity with a nationalistic sy...

  2. Religion and Ethical Attitudes toward Accepting a Bribe: A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert W. McGee

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the results of an empirical study of ethical attitudes toward bribe taking in six religions—Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, the Baha’i faith, Hinduism, and Judaism. The paper begins with a discussion of the theoretical and empirical literature on the subject. The empirical part of the study examines attitudes toward accepting bribes in 57 countries from the perspectives of six religions using the data from Wave 6 (2010–2014 of the World Values Survey. The sample population is more than 52,000. More than a dozen demographic variables were examined. The study found that attitude toward bribe taking does differ by religion.

  3. Japanese History, Post-Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Lazopoulos

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Jason Ānanda Josephson, The Invention of Religion in Japan. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2012. 408 pp. $90 (cloth, $30 (paper. Hwansoo Ilmee Kim, Empire of the Dharma: Korean and Japanese Buddhism, 1877–1912. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2012. 444 pp. $50 (cloth. Jung-Sun N. Han, An Imperial Path to Modernity: Yoshino Sakuzō and a New Liberal Order in East Asia, 1905–1937. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2012. 244 pp. $40 (cloth.

  4. KESEDERHANAAN WABICHA DALAM UPACARA MINUM TEH JEPANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fajria Noviana

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Japanese tea ceremony is called chanoyu in Japanese. It is a multifaceted traditional activity strongly influenced by Zen Buddhism, in which powdered green tea, or matcha, is ceremonially prepared and served to the guests. Wabicha is a style of Japanese tea ceremony particularly associated with Sen no Rikyū that emphasizes simplicity. He refined the art of Japanese tea ceremony equipment and tea house design, with a preference for very simple and very small tea rooms, and natural materials with simpler decoration

  5. Pakistan-beyond your expectation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jason Liu

    2004-01-01

    <正> Few Westerners know much about Pakistan beyond media reports of Islamic fundamentalism, communal violence and martial law, but it contains some of Asia’s most mind-blowing landscapes, extraordinary trekking opportunities, a multitude of cultures and a long tradition of hospitality.The China’s neighbouring country is the site of some of the earliest human settlements, home to an ancient civilisation rivalling those of Egypt and Mesopotamia, and the crucible of two of the world’s major religions, Hinduism and Buddhism. You’ll surely get more than what you expected there. .

  6. Studying Dunhuang Printed Edition of Salvating Puerpera Dhāra īand Relevant Issues%敦煌印本《救产难陀罗尼》及相关问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李翎; 马德

    2013-01-01

    The life and death of human beings is a primary concern of Buddhism. Following the emergence of Tantric Buddhism, dhāra ī (similar to mantra) was in wide use in treating diseases and helping people out of suffering. Both Dunhuang printed edition of the Salvating Puerpera Dhāra īand handwritten copies of Nanyue Wen and Fodingxin Guanshiyin Jing reflect Buddhist concerns about human reproduction and popular belief in Avalokite vara. The “Avalokite vara Bodhisattva Methods of Disease Treatment and Labor Inducement”from the apocryphal Fodingxin Guanshiyin Jing was widely circulated in China for a long time.%佛教关注人类的生老病死,在密教产生之后,更是将陀罗尼运用到治病救难中。敦煌印本《救产难陀罗尼》和写本《难月文》、《佛顶心观世音经》都是佛教对于人类生育问题的关注,也是民间观音信仰的重要内容之一。其中伪经《佛顶心观世音经》卷中之《佛顶心观世音菩萨疗病催产方》,在较长的历史时期内广泛流行于中国的大江南北。

  7. Changes of Traditional Vietnamese Culture in Ancient Architecture Artistic Perspective%从古代建筑艺术中看越南传统文化的变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨健

    2013-01-01

    This article summarizes some ancient building types which mostly reflect Vietnamese traditional culture, highlights change process of the Vietnam's traditional culture and characteristics. There is typical community culture of Southeast Asia vil ages. Vietnam's traditional religious culture always is developed by Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism and differenced with Theravada Buddhism and mixed with the local religious character of Vietnam. Vietnam's traditional system culture is stil under the influence of China's feudal totalitarianism thought.%越南村社建筑、古代佛教建筑、黄城建筑等几种古代建筑是最能体现越南民族文化本色的建筑,它不但突出了越南传统文化的艺术空间,而且还折射出越南的文化变迁过程以及传统文化特色:典型的东南亚村社文化;区别于小乘佛教却又杂糅着本地宗教特色的儒、释、道三教并流的传统宗教文化;东西方文化碰撞下仍深受中国封建集权思想影响下的传统制度文化。

  8. Hotel Business in Temples in the Tang Dynasty%唐代寺院旅店业初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈金凤; 李珍

    2016-01-01

    唐代寺院旅店业兴盛,成为突出的社会经济现象。这一现象的形成,不仅与唐代佛教鼎盛而寺院经济的繁荣相关,也与这一时期社会经济快速发展、人员流动频繁、寺院旅游休闲、山林修学之风等因素相关。唐代寺院旅店业在一定程度上推动了寺院经济的上升与社会经济文化的进步,同时也强化了佛教的世俗化倾向。%The prosperous of the hotel business in temples was the outstanding social economic phenomenon. The forming of this phenomenon was not only because the prosperous of Buddhism and temple economy,but the social economy development,the floating population,temple tourism leisure and academic studies in the mountains and forests etc. The hotel business in temples promoted the upward of the temple economy and the progress of the social economic culture. At the same time,it strengthened the secularization of Buddhism.

  9. 信仰藏传佛教尼姑出家原因及价值观趋向分析%The Trend Analysts of Reasons and Ualues of Becoming Tibetan BuddhistNun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白安良

    2012-01-01

    藏传佛教尼姑作为信仰藏传佛教的一个特殊群体,在藏传佛教的建构、传播、发展过程中起到了重要的作用。在广大藏区剃度出家、削发为尼者曾构成了藏传佛教庞大社会实体的组成部分。本文从价值观追求的角度来探析藏区女性出家的原因,希望能够对当前和谐社会建设提供一些积极的借鉴。%Tibetan Buddhism nun,as one of the special categories who have beliefs in Tibetan Buddhism,plays crucial role in building,spreading and developing Tibetan Buddhist.Currently there are an increasing number of women who take the tonsures and become nuns in a widespread of Tibetan area.This article explores the reasons for women choosing to become nuns in Tibetan area from the value pursuit perspective as well as the reason for the trend of the ever-increasing number of the female nuns.Based on this exploration,it analyzes the impacts of this phenomenon on society and hopes of the current construction of harmonious society provide some active learning.

  10. The Meeting with Guanyin, the Goddess of Mercy: A Case Study of Syncretism in the Hmong System of Beliefs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kao-Ly Yang

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this case study is to shed light on the identity of the spirit of fertility called Lady Kaying –Niam Nkauj Kab Yeeb—, its religious origin and the general processes of borrowing her fromother cultures within the Hmong culture. Hmong popular beliefs pertaining to Kaying reveal that Kaying is in fact the Chinese Goddess of Mercy Guanyin. She was imported from MahayanaBuddhism by the Hmong people of China who had retained her roles of the “Bestower of Children", the “Guardian Angel” or the "Conductor of the Dead Children". An analysis of the process of borrowing of the Chinese deity into the Hmong pantheon shows that Lady Kaying overlaps with an ancient spirit, the “Ancestor Spirit of Fertility” or Niam Poj Dab Pog. This case study demonstrates that the processes of borrowing are selective, integrative and comprehensive: some traits or fragments were taken from Buddhism and incorporated into the Hmong beliefs through a superimposing of a Hmong pre-existing system of beliefs.

  11. 对佛教图书编目工作的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘泰华

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, there are always new Buddhism library built and supported by the other local libraries on the technical and business help. In the books cataloging work, book description, choice of classification, subject indexing, cataloging cooperation and staff training all also just start, we must focus on automation and standardization construction, in order to realize the co-construction and sha ring of Buddhism literature.%近年来不断有新的佛教图书馆建成,并得到了当地其他图书馆在技术和业务上的大力帮助。而图书编目工作中的图书著录、分类法的选择、主题标引、编目合作、人员培训等项工作都还处于刚刚起步阶段,因此要注重佛教图书编目的自动化、标准化、规范化建设,以期实现佛教文献的共建共享。

  12. The Relationship Between Title of Ming Dynasty and ZhuYuanzhang' s Religious Belief%大明国号与朱元璋信仰关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩传强

    2016-01-01

    Scholars believe that the title of Ming Dynasty came from ZhuYuanzhang' s experience of becoming a member of Zor-oastrianism.So, some people called him as"the Birth of Anji Yuukyuuzan".Through the investigation on Zhu Yuanzhang's belief system, we can find that ZhuYuanzhang dipped himself into Buddhism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism, Confucianism and other sects or schools,his belief system is somewhat of disorder.Based on this,title of Ming Dynasty would not have come from Zoroastrianism, but it could be close to Tantric Buddhism.%学界曾以朱元璋参与过明教,并以"明王出世"而认为大明国号也由来于此. 实际上,通过对朱元璋信仰体系的考察检视,可以发现,朱元璋一生对佛教、道教、明教、儒学等宗派或学派都有涉猎,其信仰体系缺乏连续性. 基于此,大明国号的由来不是源于明教,而与佛教密宗关系更为密切.

  13. Tea Production and Consumption in Korea%韩国茶叶生产与消费

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朴龙求

    2000-01-01

    Mr. Taeryum, an envoy of Shilla Dynasty brought tea seeds from China during Tang Dynastyand the seeds were planted at Jiri Mt. by the order of King Heungduk at AD 828. During Koryo Dynasty (918-1392), Buddhism spread rapidly all over the country and the tea culture reached its highest stage of prosperity. At the Chosun Dynasty. However, the ceremonial drinking of tea vanished almost completely due to the flourishing Confucian tradition, a kind of substitution of Buddhism. But a few people have supported the traditional tea culture by themselves. Since the independence of Korea soon after the World War II(1945), the cultivation area of tea plants has been increased and the cultural tradition of tea drinking has become popular again.At present, the cultivation area has been continued to increase and tea production has also been lifted up year byyear. In spite of continuous increased tea cultivation area, there still is a severe problem of shortage of tea in thecountry. Tea farmers and the Korean government should take several actions to solve to remedy the situation.In this paper the prospect for shortage of tea demand is discussed after 2003 when the high special customs du-ties for tea products is lowered from 536% to 30 or 40% in Korea and the trade situation of tea products oncountries around Korea are also discussed.

  14. On the Acceptance of Chinese Literature in Nihon Ryolkl---Based on an Interpretation of the Confucian Allusion “Meng Chang Qi Shan”%《日本灵异记》对中国文学的接受研究--以儒学典故“孟尝七善”考释为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘九令

    2014-01-01

    As the first collection of Buddhism stories in its literature history of Japan,NihonRy-oiki not only absorbs some elements of Buddhist literature but also cites some Confucius allusions of China.Some Confucius allusions are altered into Buddhist stories by using “Bi Fu”to spread Buddhism doctrines.By taking the Confucian allusion “Meng Chang Qi Shan”and the significance of choosing this allusion as examples,this paper mainly attempts to do some research on the ac-ceptance of Chinese literature in NihonRyoiki.%日本文学史上第一部佛教说话集《日本灵异记》在编撰的过程中,不仅袭取了中国佛教文学,而且对中国的儒学典故也加以了利用,并通过比附的手法,将儒学典故这一文学元素改造成为佛教的内容,为宣扬佛教教义服务。文章以“孟尝七善”这一典故的出典及其使用意义为考察对象,揭示《日本灵异记》对中国文学的接受情况。

  15. Philosophy Origins of National Spirit and Art and Design%民族精神和艺术设计的哲学渊源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙宝民

    2011-01-01

    本文论述了中国人所具有的自强不息、厚德载物、爱好和平和勤劳勇敢等均是中华民族精神的外在表现,而民族精神的哲学渊源则是儒释道精神的融合.中国的艺术设计作为文化的外在表现形式之一,其本质也是儒释道三家精神的艺术性表达.因此,民族精神和艺术设计的哲学渊源具有惊人的一致性.%This article discusses that the self-improvement, social commitment, peace-loving and hard work, so on, is the external manifestations of the Chinese national spirits. The philosophy of the Chinese national spirit is the fusion of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. As the external manifestation of one of the Chinese cultural, the essence of Chinese art and design is the artistic expression Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. Therefore, the philosophy of Chinese national spirit and art and design is amazing consistency.

  16. Victorianizing Guangxu: Arresting Flows, Minting Coins, and Exerting Authority in Early Twentieth-Century Kham

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Relyea

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the late Qing and early Republican eras, eastern Tibet (Kham was a borderland on the cusp of political and economic change. Straddling Sichuan Province and central Tibet, it was coveted by both Chengdu and Lhasa. Informed by an absolutist conception of territorial sovereignty, Sichuan officials sought to exert exclusive authority in Kham by severing its inhabitants from regional and local influence. The resulting efforts to arrest the flow of rupees from British India and the flow of cultural identity entwined with Buddhism from Lhasa were grounded in two misperceptions: that Khampa opposition to Chinese rule was external, fostered solely by local monasteries as conduits of Lhasa’s spiritual authority, and that Sichuan could arrest such influence, the absence of which would legitimize both exclusive authority in Kham and regional assertions of sovereignty. The intersection of these misperceptions with the significance of Buddhism in Khampa identity determined the success of Sichuan’s policies and the focus of this article, the minting and circulation of the first and only Qing coin emblazoned with an image of the emperor. It was a flawed axiom of state and nation builders throughout the world that severing local cultural or spiritual influence was possible—or even necessary—to effect a borderland’s incorporation.

  17. On Altar Scripture and Sushi's Poem Creation%《坛经》与苏轼诗歌创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁庆勇; 阮延俊

    2012-01-01

    佛典的义理在一定程度上改变了苏轼诗歌风貌,《坛经》对苏轼诗歌创作产生了很大的影响。从思想角度看,它帮助苏轼如何运用佛教智慧来处理人生存亡意义的问题;从创作角度看,《坛经》的"灭尽着相"思想,给苏轼提供不少写诗的源泉,或作为归纳而用,或作为演绎而用,或作为主导思想贯穿全篇而用。%Buddhism theory to a certain extent has changed Sushi's poems, and Altar Scripture gready influenced Sushi's poem-writing. From the perspective of thought, Altar Scripture helped Sushi use Buddhism wisdom to deal with the problem of life and death, while from the perspective of writing, the thought of completely extinction in Altar Scripture provides Sushi with various resources of writing as summary or deduction, or as a leading thought of the whole work.

  18. Concepts within the Chinese culture that influence the cancer pain experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lih-Mih; Miaskowski, Christine; Dodd, Marylin; Pantilat, Steven

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe some of the concepts within the Chinese culture that influence the sociocultural dimension of the cancer pain experience. The major concepts that influence Chinese patients' perspectives on cancer pain and its management include Taoism/energy, Buddhism, and Confucianism. Within the beliefs of Taoism/energy, pain occurs if Qi, or blood circulation, is blocked. To relieve pain, the blockage of Qi/blood must be removed and the person needs to maintain harmony with the universe. Within the beliefs of Buddhism, pain/suffering is a power, unwanted but existent, that comes from a barrier in the last life; from the objective world; from a person's own sensation; or from other people, animals, and materials. Only by following the 8 right ways (ie, right view, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration) can an individual end the path of pain/suffering. A Confucian believes that pain is an essential element of life, a "trial" or a "sacrifice." Therefore, when a person suffers with pain, he or she would rather endure the pain and not report it to a clinician until the pain becomes unbearable. Oncology nurses who care for Chinese patients need to understand the fundamental beliefs that influence the sociocultural dimension of the pain experience for these patients. This information will assist the oncology nurse in developing a more effective pain management plan. PMID:18490884

  19. 佛教文化影响下的藏族卓舞艺术%Tibetan Zhuo dance art under Buddhist culture influence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾雪

    2012-01-01

      Zhuo Dance become an Tibetan folk dance art, this paper expounds the Tibetan Zhuo dance art of Buddhism influence factors, through the Buddhist culture in Zhuo dance, formation of the embodiment and culture of Buddhism and Tibetan agriculture and animal husbandry culture upon binding to Zhuo dance art influence three aspects, shows Tibetan Zhuo dance in the process of development and innovation, still retains a strong national characteristics and the Tibetan religious psychological factors.%  卓舞是藏区独树一帜的民间歌舞艺术,本文通过佛教文化在卓舞歌词、队形中的体现和佛教文化与藏区农牧文化结合后对卓舞艺术的影响三方面阐述藏族卓舞艺术中的佛教影响因素,说明藏族卓舞在继承发展与创新的过程中,仍保留着浓郁的民族特色和藏族人民虔诚的宗教心理因素。

  20. Practicantes del dharma en Andalucía (Practitioners of Dharma in Andalusia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Macías Sánchez, Clara

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El pluralismo religioso en Andalucía (España se ha intensificado en los últimos años pero no puede ser explicado exclusivamente con los flujos migratorios sino que también es el resultado de la sinergia de diversos factores. Un ejemplo de ello es el budismo cuya llegada puede fecharse en la década de los ochenta. El objetivo de este texto es profundizar en la situación actual de la implantación de esta confesión en un territorio determinado. El mejor conocimiento de los diferentes tipos de grupos budistas, las escuelas dispares a las que se adscriben, sus modos de organización y sus actividades, servirá para conocer mejor estos budismos que hablan el español. Abstract: The religious pluralism in Andalusia (Spain has been intensified in the last years, but it cannot be explained exclusively with the migratory flows but also is the result of the synergy of several factors. An example of this is Buddhism which arrivals can be dated in the eighties. The aim of this text is look in depth at the currently situation of this confession in a certain territory. The better knowledge of the different kinds of Buddhist groups, the diverse schools that they are affiliate, their ways of organization and their activities, will come in useful for know better this Buddhism that speaks Spanish.

  1. The Waste Land: Eliot’s Expiatory Pilgrimage from Church to Pagoda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Kuriakose

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Eliot’s poem The Waste Land is a pilgrimage in quest of an answer to the problem of desire—universal as well as personal—especially deviant sexuality, immoral behavior and their consequences. The traditional tags on the poem such as “a poem about Europe” and a poem about the “disillusionment of a generation” serve only to blinker the reader against its universal and spiritual dimensions. From the epigraph to the very concluding line of the poem, through numerous references and allusions to literary masterpieces and religious texts ranging over history, Eliot addresses the question of desire—craving-- in view of the essentials of Christianity, Hinduism and Buddhism. Thrashing out the problem in the light of  St. Augustine’s Confessions on burning and Buddha’s Fire Sermon on its remedy, Eliot preaches Datta, Dayadhvam and Damyata as the key virtues for the attainment of Shantih or “the peace that passeth understanding.” Thus the poem becomes a pilgrimage of Eliot across the spiritual landscape of the world.Keywords: expiatory pilgrimage, desire, homoeroticism, confession, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Buddha’s Fire Sermon  

  2. 朱熹与闽南多元宗教%Zhu-xi and Southern Fujian Multi-religions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林振礼

    2012-01-01

    Southern Fujian, well-known as a Buddhism realm, is the convergent area of multi-religions. Zhu-xi was Tongan county registrar of Quanzhou prefecture during his early official career, while at his old age he chaired as magistrate of Zhangzhou prefecture, from which to form countless ties with southern Fujian multi-religions. Before securing his official position in Quanzhou, Zhu-xi had an intermixed learning:not only being edified by Confucius, Mencius, and idealist philosophy of the two Mr. Chen,but also often consulted Buddhist, visited the temples and practiced Buddhism. At the early stage of his official position in Tongan, Zhu-xi once indulged himself in Buddhism, nevertheless due to the political, economic and cultural reality of the whole Southern Song dynasty society as eye- viewed from Tongan county and Quanzhou prefecture, which made him get divorced from Buddhism and be re-affiliated to Confucius. The incident of Hu-jia~s setting up multi-storey building (Islamic temple) in Quanzhou provided references for him to deal with the challenges from Buddhism along with Manichean. Zhu-xi occasionally got involved with southern Fujian Manichean (Zoroastrianism) during his official career in Quanzhou, nevertheless when he took charge of Zhangzhou as magistrate he forbade it. In conclusion, Zhu-xi dealt with southern Fujian Multi-religions in a way of merging them but not of tolerating them.%闽南素称“佛国”,为多元宗教聚集之地。朱熹初仕任泉州同安县主簿,晚年出知漳州,与闽南多元宗教有着千丝万缕的关系。仕泉之前,朱熹所学杂驳,既受孔孟学说和二程理学的熏陶,又曾问禅学佛,访道焚修。同安任初,朱熹也曾沉浸于佛道。然而,通过从同安一县及泉州一郡透视整个南宋社会政治、经济、文化现实,使其接受李侗之教而“逃禅归儒”。泉州之“胡贾建层楼”(伊斯兰教寺)事件为朱熹应对禅佛教、摩尼教的挑战

  3. EVOLUTION OF CREATION BUDDHIST LENT CANDLE OF WORK AWARDED IN UBON RATCHATHANI’S LENT CANDLE CONTESTS 2003-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakchai Uttitho

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The tradition of Lent candle procession at the Buddhist Lent festival is the grand festival at the national level in Ubon Ratchathani province. From the merit-making tradition concerning Buddhism binding to the way of life of Isan people for the long time, this festival has developed to be a tourist festival at the national level. Later, there have been contests of candle making in continuity. Throughout the past time the contests have promoted creation of candle with different styles contests and stories which are valuable for studying and dissemination in the future. The purposes of this research were to examine the background of the Buddhist Lent candle trees, elements of contests and evaluation of candle trees awarded on Lent candle contests in Ubon Ratchathani province from 2003-2007. The research area covered Ubon Ratchathani provinces where Buddhist Lent candle were created for contests which were the most famous in Thailand. The research procedure used the qualitative research methodology. Data were collected from related literature and field studies using survey, observations, interviews and focus group discussion from a group of totally 35 informants. The findings were presented by means of a descriptive analysis. The results reviewed that candle trees had been made for neatness contests since 1927. In 1977 the tradition of Lent candle procession week was held to be a grand annual festival of the province. Candle trees were contested in 3 types. Later two elements of contest consisted of large-sized candle tree and small-sized candle tree. Concepts of candle tree creation were from the criteria determined by Ubon Ratchathani province. The criteria were different from year to year. The stories to created as candle trees were about Buddhism local culture and identities of Ubon Ratchathani. The same criteria were use for decision making in every type by considering from candle tree base and all elements, The evaluation of candle trees

  4. ALGUNAS CONSIDERACIONES CONTEXTUALES EN TORNO AL PRIMER VIAJE A JAPÓN DE JACQUES LACAN (1963 Contextual considerations on the subject of lacan’s first trip to japan (1963

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercè Altimir

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Nuestro propósito es dar a conocer la importancia y el influjo de la cultura y el pensamiento oriental y Japón en la obra de Lacan, para cuya tarea hemos tomado el eje del viaje que realizó al archipiélago en la primavera de A partir de esta coordenada de tiempo hemos retrocedido hasta la presencia del país oriental en la obra de Sigmund Freud y hemos referido la mención del mikado y de los ainus en Tótem y tabú. En cuanto al budismo, centro del interés de Lacan en este primer viaje a las islas, Freud se mostró cauto, reticente, incluso hostil. Lacan, en cambio, se entusiasma por oriente y se interesa por el budismo, en especial por el zen. Hemos seleccionado los comentarios que hizo a su regreso de Japón. En los mismos, el psicoanalista francés pone el dedo en la llaga y nos habla del escamoteo que sufre la sexualidad femenina en el budismo, lo que le sirve de aviso para orientar la práctica del psicoanálisis.My aim in this paper is to make known the importance and influence of Eastern culture and thought and of Japan on Lacan’s works. I have taken as a starting point the trip he made to this country during the spring of 1963. After this I have gone backwards to consider the presence of Japan in Sigmund Freud’s works, calling attention to his mention of the Mikado and the Ainu in Totem and Taboo. Towards Buddhism, which was the focus of Lacan’s interest in this first trip to the archipelago, Freud was cautious, reticent and even hostile. Lacan, on the other hand, was enthusiastic about Orient and interested in Buddhism, especially in Zen. I have made a selection of the comments he made on his return from Japan, in which he pointed out weaknesses and commented on how feminine sexuality is eschewed in Buddhism, which he took note of in order to direct his practice in psychoanalysis accordingly.

  5. Mulheres budistas como líderes e professoras Buddhist women as leaders and teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita M. Gross

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available No budismo, o papel do professor de dharma (religioso é a função mais prestigiosa, e o professor de dharma tem mais autoridade do que qualquer outro líder. Apesar de os ensinamentos budistas não conterem nenhuma doutrina que limite essa função ao homem, na prática, em toda a história budista, foram pouquíssimas as mulheres que se tornaram conhecidas como professoras de dharma. Algumas pessoas acham que essas práticas não prejudicam as mulheres, porque estas podem, ainda assim, receber os ensinamentos, fazer as práticas mais avançadas e obter altos níveis de esclarecimento espiritual. Contudo, eu afirmo que o fato de não haver professoras de dharma reconhecidas foi nocivo seja para as mulheres budistas, seja para o próprio budismo. Isso tem a ver com o legado das comunidades de monjas em muitas partes do mundo budista, com os baixos padrões de educação para as mulheres, com o fraco prestígio de que gozam as praticantes mulheres, com a falta de modelos para as mulheres e com a perda da sabedoria feminina na herança do pensamento budista. Até que as professoras de dharma não forem amplamente reconhecidas e honradas, o budismo continuará sendo perseguido por seu passado patriarcal, com o prejuízo de todos.In Buddhism, the role of the dharma (religious teacher is the most prestigious role, and dharma teachers have more authority that any other leaders. Though the Buddhist teachings contain no doctrines that limit this role to men, in practice throughout Buddhist history, very few women have been publicly acknowledged as dharma teachers. Some people claim that this practice does not harm women because women can, nevertheless, receive teachings, do advanced practices, and attain high states of spiritual realization. However, I claim that the practice of not recognizing women as dharma teachers has been very harmful both to Buddhist women and to Buddhism itself. It has lead to the demise of the nuns' community in many parts of

  6. Another Side of Monks in Song Dynasty from the View of Yi Jian Zhi%《夷坚志》所见宋代僧道的另一面(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘树友

    2016-01-01

    The inclusive and flexible religious cultural policy, an equal approach to Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism pur-sued by the Southern and Northern Song dynasties, along with the social great changes flourishing commodity economy had great effects on Buddhism, Taoism and their followers. More and more monks in Song Dynasty went after the earthly life which became their value orientation. They were crazy about money and infatuated with women. The secularization, another side of monks in Song Dynasty, was made public in Yi Jian Zhi by Hong Mai, a giant of literature in the Southern Song dynasty. These monks did their businesses, accumulated wealth wantonly by illegal means and defrauded people of money, which was in compatible with the rules and creeds of Buddhism and Taoism. As a result, it developed into a serious problem endangering the secular world.%由于两宋政府奉行包容宽松的儒、道、佛三教并举的宗教文化政策,辅之以社会的剧烈变迁及商品经济的高度繁荣,极大地影响、冲击着宋代的佛教及佛教徒、道教及道教徒,不仅促使僧道这一特殊社会群体恶性膨胀,而且宋代僧道已由超然尘俗之外、不食人间烟火的宗教徒日益向世俗化方面转化。热衷钱财,迷恋声色,贪图享乐,追求世俗生活,越来越成为宋代众多僧道的价值取向,并日益外化于其日常言行中。南宋文坛巨擘洪迈独撰的志怪小说集《夷坚志》,就大量披露了宋代僧道的另一面,亦即世俗化的一面:经营产业,大肆敛财,诈骗钱财等,与佛教、道教的教规教义与禁律戒条以及佛道徒的特质格格不入,进而演变成为危害世俗社会的严重问题。

  7. Ritual y poder en los centros budistas zen argentinos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catón Eduardo Carini

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El presente artículo es un estudio de los grupos budistas zen argentinos desde la perspectiva de la antropología política. El objetivo es, en primer lugar, explorar las distintas posiciones sociales que los miembros pueden ocupar al interior de un grupo zen y los sistemas nativos de clasificación social, es decir, las categorías que nombran y crean distinciones rituales. En segundo lugar, analizar la estructura de autoridad y de poder al interior de una comunidad zen, indagando los vínculos entre el sistema ritual de posiciones sociales y la distribución del poder y la autoridad. La investigación etnográfica se efectuó siguiendo una metodología cualitativa, que incluyó la observación participante en los encuentros que los centros zen organizan periódicamente y la realización de entrevistas semi-estructuradas e historias de vida a sus miembros. Las conclusiones giran en torno a la importancia del ritual para la vida política de la comunidad, y la centralización del poder en la figura del maestro zen mediante la particular dinámica que evidencia la estructura de autoridad. Palabras clave: Argentina; Budismo zen; Política; Poder. Abstract The present anthropological study takes a political approach to the Argentinean Zen Buddhism groups. The first objective is to explore the variety of native social classification systems, that is to say the categories naming and creating rituals. Secondly, we try to analyze the authority and power system within a Zen community, investigating the relation between the ritual system of social positions and the distribution of power and authority. This article is based on qualitative research, which included periodic participant observation in gatherings organized by the Zen Buddhism centres and semistructured interviews with and life histories of their members. The conclusions focus on the importance of ritual for the community’s political life, and the centralization of power in the

  8. 扩大中国文学版图 建构中国佛教诗学——《中国佛教文学史》编撰刍议%Modest Proposal on the Compilation of A History of Chinese Buddhist Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴光正

    2012-01-01

    中国佛教文学史就是中国佛教徒创作的文学的历史,就是佛教实践即佛教修持与佛教弘传过程中产生的文学的历史,就是用汉语、西域胡语、藏语、蒙古语、傣语等语种写成的大中华佛教文学的历史。"中国佛教文学史"的书写应该禀持民族本位立场和教派史视野,全面清理中国佛教文学的历史进程,并进而提炼民族精神、建构宗教诗学。"中国佛教文学史"的书写特别要关注印度佛教在中国各民族地区的本土化进程以及汉语佛教在东北亚、东南亚地区的本土化进程,在民族互动和国际交流中探讨宗教实践对社会和谐、文明演进的重大贡献。%The history of Chinese Buddhist literature is the history when Chinese Buddhists produce literary works, the history when in the procedure of Buddhism practice and dissemination Chinese Buddhists produce literary accomplishments, and is the history of the Great China Buddhist literature written by Chinese, " Hu language of western region, Tibetan, Mongolian, Dai and other branches of languages. The position of national culture and the sight of sects ought to be kept when writing A History of Chinese Buddhist Literature, and meanwhile the historical course of Buddhist literature is to be straightened all sidedly, helping to extract the national spirit and to construct religious poetics. When writing A History of Chinese Buddhist Literature, two points should be paid close attention that the localization of Indian Buddhism in all localities and all ethnic groups of China and the localization of Buddhism written in Chinese in northeastern Asia, and also that the sig- nificant contribution to the social harmony and the progress in the civilization achievedby, Southeasten Asia, ethnic interaction and international communication investigating religious practices.

  9. 明清大理白族地区书院教育的流变及其特点%Evolution and Characteristics of Academy Education in Dali Bai Nationality Areas during Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀芳

    2016-01-01

    明清时期是大理白族地区书院教育发展的重要时期,伴随着中央王朝“兴儒抑佛”到“兴儒传佛”到“先抑儒后兴儒”再到“反儒尚西”的文教政策转变,大理白族地区的书院教育经历了“萌芽—发展—调整—成熟—衰落”这样一个过程。明清大理白族地区的书院教育秉承中原书院的儒学教育思想,同时因处在大理白族地区特殊的民族文化背景中,其教育思想又呈现出重教化、轻名利、儒释道兼容等显著的特点。%Ming and Qing Dynasties are the important periods for the development of academy education in Dali Bai nationality area. Along with the change of the central dynasty cultural policy, from "revitalization of Confucianism and suppression of Buddhism" to"revitalize Buddhism", and to"inhibition of Confucianism", and to"revival Confucianism", and last change to"eliminate Confucianism and promoting western culture", the academy education of the Bai nationality in Dali has experienced a long developing process. This process can be expressed as:begin, development, adjust, mature, and decline in the end. The academy education of the Bai nationality in Ming and Qing Dynasties was obedient to the Confucianism education thought of the central academy. Meanwhile, due to the special minority culture background in Dali Bai nationality areas, the academy education thoughts showed the emphasis on education, neglect fame and wealth, and combination of Buddhism and Taoism.

  10. Instances of belief in fate in South India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl Gustav Diehl

    1967-02-01

    Full Text Available Man's life is predetermined by Karma. The deeds of an earlier existence bear their fruits in the present life. That is why the poor man is poor and the rich is happy with his wealth and good fortune. One man is born a brahman and another spends his days as a pariah. The law of Karma has spread in the wake of Buddhism all over the Indian continent and far beyond, whereas its complement and presupposition Samsara for the most part appears as an intellectual conception with little foundation in popular belief. But Karma is not blind. On the contrary it is absolutely just, and for that very reason inescapable. This is, however, modified in so far as good deeds are both possible and profitable. The fatal consequences of the Karma of previous births end with this span of existence. Life hereafter will depend on the fruits of accumulated Karma here and now.

  11. Buddhist concepts as implicitly reducing prejudice and increasing prosociality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clobert, Magali; Saroglou, Vassilis; Hwang, Kwang-Kuo

    2015-04-01

    Does Buddhism really promote tolerance? Based on cross-cultural and cross-religious evidence, we hypothesized that Buddhist concepts, possibly differing from Christian concepts, activate not only prosociality but also tolerance. Subliminally priming Buddhist concepts, compared with neutral or Christian concepts, decreased explicit prejudice against ethnic, ideological, and moral outgroups among Western Buddhists who valued universalism (Experiment 1, N = 116). It also increased spontaneous prosociality, and decreased, among low authoritarians or high universalists, implicit religious and ethnic prejudice among Westerners of Christian background (Experiment 2, N = 128) and Taiwanese of Buddhist/Taoist background (Experiment 3, N = 122). Increased compassion and tolerance of contradiction occasionally mediated some of the effects. The general idea that religion promotes (ingroup) prosociality and outgroup prejudice, based on research in monotheistic contexts, lacks cross-cultural sensitivity; Buddhist concepts activate extended prosociality and tolerance of outgroups, at least among those with socio-cognitive and moral openness.

  12. Comparative Theology and Religious Studies in a Non-religious Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Scheuer

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The intellectual landscape of Europe bears the marks of a long history of cultural perceptions of, and scientific approaches to, religions. The sciences of religions had to establish their autonomy from churches and theologies. However, the cultural context and the institutional set-up of ‘laïcité’ did not foster the development of comparative religion, much less comparative theology. However, this situation may have an advantage: it should discourage the exercise of comparative theology as a sectarian endeavour apart from broader anthropological perspectives and concerns. Comparative theology should not become the last refuge for religious nostalgia. In Europe, interreligious relationships (and hence comparative theologies should not be isolated from simple or more sophisticated forms of indifference, agnosticism, or atheism. The active presence of a non-religious environment as well as the growing interest in Buddhism, are challenges to comparative theology: its contents, its approach, its intended audience.

  13. Vietnamese Buddhist pagoda in France: “institution-place of memory”. Legitimate power to communicate the memory of exiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme GIDOIN

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Vietnamese Buddhism took hold and developed in France partly because it was able to obtain a monopoly on funeral rites and mourning rites. Many exiled families see the interest of this and delegate their ancestor worship to the monks. By combining the spiritual, socio-cultural, eschatological and political domains, and despite whatever generation gaps may exist, the pagoda allows families to reconstruct a social and family ethic in a context of social acculturation. It provides a fitting answer to the question inherent to the migratory context: how to find new symbolic resources outside of Vietnam? And it can thus implement a communication strategy that officialises, in the land of exile, the inextricable link between the pagoda and the assumption of responsibility for the memory of exiled ancestors.

  14. 大乘佛典中女性反驳男性的故事--对日本女性文学的影响%The Stories of Women Refuting Men in Mahayana Buddhist Classics--The Influence on Japanese Women’s Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石井公成; 霍君(译)

    2015-01-01

    本论文首先介绍了大乘佛教的经典中女性驳倒男性类故事,探讨了大乘佛教的成因与此类故事的关联,以解明此类故事是否隐含有歧视女性的因素。在此基础上,分析了此类故事在日本古典文学中的接受及其特点。%This paper firstly introduces the stories of women who refute men in Mahayana Buddhist Classics, and then investigates the relationship between the formation of Mahayana Buddhism and these stories to determine whether these stories include the implicit characteristics of discrimination against women. Based on this discussion, the paper analyses the acceptance and characteristics of these stories in classical literature in Japan.

  15. Mindfulness – en religionssociologisk analyse af et moderne fænomen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottfredsen, Rikke

    2013-01-01

    Mindfulness er et fænomen i vækst. Den udbydes af mange forskellige typer af udbydere. Denne undersøgelse kategoriserer i et komplet sample af mindfulness-udbydere i Aarhus måden hvorpå disse udbydere kommunikerer deres tilhørsforhold til mindfulness som henholdsvis buddhisme, spiritualitet eller a......-religiøs teknik. Dette gøres ved hjælp af kriterier indenfor autorisation, tekst- og visuelle referencer. Artiklens undersøgelse viser, at mindfulness udbydes som a-religiøs teknik, men hævder samtidigt med udgangspunkt i Hornborg og Durkheim, at selv denne påståede a-religiøsitet kan kaldes religiøs....

  16. What works for whom in mindfulness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danelund, Jakob Rindum; Bihal, Tina; Flyger, Henrik;

    2014-01-01

    Mindfulness flows over the West. It is often branded as a method rooted in Buddhism, but in academical research its relations to a series of Buddhist and spiritual concepts remain undefined. We've conducted a systematic reading of 63 self-presentations from women with breast cancer that have...... participated in mindfulness intervention. Through a simple count of words and meaning units we find that patients describe the effect as becoming more attentive of the present moment and not worrying about the past or the future as much as before. But in a linguistic analysis we find that beginner...... a better understanding of how the mindfulness-phenomenology is related to neuroscience, spirituality and religion...

  17. The rules of implicit evaluation by race, religion, and age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Axt, Jordan R; Ebersole, Charles R; Nosek, Brian A

    2014-09-01

    The social world is stratified. Social hierarchies are known but often disavowed as anachronisms or unjust. Nonetheless, hierarchies may persist in social memory. In three studies (total N > 200,000), we found evidence of social hierarchies in implicit evaluation by race, religion, and age. Participants implicitly evaluated their own racial group most positively and the remaining racial groups in accordance with the following hierarchy: Whites > Asians > Blacks > Hispanics. Similarly, participants implicitly evaluated their own religion most positively and the remaining religions in accordance with the following hierarchy: Christianity > Judaism > Hinduism or Buddhism > Islam. In a final study, participants of all ages implicitly evaluated age groups following this rule: children > young adults > middle-age adults > older adults. These results suggest that the rules of social evaluation are pervasively embedded in culture and mind.

  18. Indian story on semen loss and related Dhat syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Om; Kar, Sujit Kumar; Sathyanarayana Rao, T S

    2014-10-01

    India is a country of many religions and ancient cultures. Indian culture is largely directed by the Vedic culture since time immemorial. Later Indian culture is influenced by Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. Indian belief system carries the footprints of these cultures. Every culture describes human behaviors and an interpretation of each human behavior is largely influenced by the core cultural belief system. Sexuality is an important domain which is colored by different cultural colors. Like other cultures, Indian culture believes "semen" as the precious body fluid which needs to be preserved. Most Indian beliefs consider loss of semen as a threat to the individual. Ancient Indian literature present semen loss as a negative health related event. Dhat syndrome (related to semen loss) is a culture-bound syndrome seen in the natives of Indian subcontinent. This article gathers the Indian concepts related to semen loss. It also outlines belief systems behind problems of Dhat syndrome. PMID:25568479

  19. Self-esteem mediates the relationship between spirituality and subjective well-being in Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshanloo, Mohsen; Daemi, Fatemeh

    2015-03-01

    Self-esteem appears to play a central role in the spiritual life and ethical behaviour of the typical Iranian. For example, for many Iranians, humankind is believed to be the crown of creation, and each person is believed to be individually valued by God. Previous empirical studies also indicate that in Iran spirituality is positively associated with self-esteem. On this basis, it was hypothesised that self-esteem would be one of the mechanisms through which spirituality leads to increased mental well-being. Mediation analysis showed that self-esteem was a partial mediator of the spirituality-well-being relationship. Moreover, results of moderated mediation analysis revealed that this mediation was not significantly moderated by gender, and that the indirect path through self-esteem was significant in both genders. Implications of the results and their relevance to other western and eastern religions (e.g. Christianity and Buddhism) are discussed. PMID:25721881

  20. Reconstructing and deconstructing the self: cognitive mechanisms in meditation practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahl, Cortland J; Lutz, Antoine; Davidson, Richard J

    2015-09-01

    Scientific research highlights the central role of specific psychological processes, in particular those related to the self, in various forms of human suffering and flourishing. This view is shared by Buddhism and other contemplative and humanistic traditions, which have developed meditation practices to regulate these processes. Building on a previous paper in this journal, we propose a novel classification system that categorizes specific styles of meditation into attentional, constructive, and deconstructive families based on their primary cognitive mechanisms. We suggest that meta-awareness, perspective taking and cognitive reappraisal, and self-inquiry may be important mechanisms in specific families of meditation and that alterations in these processes may be used to target states of experiential fusion, maladaptive self-schema, and cognitive reification. PMID:26231761

  1. What is and what is not positive body image? Conceptual foundations and construct definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tylka, Tracy L; Wood-Barcalow, Nichole L

    2015-06-01

    A decade ago, research on positive body image as a unique construct was relatively nonexistent, and now this area is flourishing. How and why did positive body image scholarship emerge? What is known about this contemporary construct? This article situates and contextualizes positive body image within Cash's scholarship, eating disorder prevention efforts, feminist influences, strength-based disciplines within psychology, and Buddhism. Extracting insights from quantitative and qualitative research, this article demonstrates that positive body image is (a) distinct from negative body image; (b) multifaceted (including body appreciation, body acceptance/love, conceptualizing beauty broadly, adaptive investment in appearance, inner positivity, interpreting information in a body-protective manner); (c) holistic; (d) stable and malleable; (e) protective; (f) linked to self-perceived body acceptance by others; and (g) shaped by social identities. Complementing what positive body image is, this article further details what positive body image is not to provide a more nuanced understanding of this construct. PMID:25921657

  2. Buddhist concepts as implicitly reducing prejudice and increasing prosociality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clobert, Magali; Saroglou, Vassilis; Hwang, Kwang-Kuo

    2015-04-01

    Does Buddhism really promote tolerance? Based on cross-cultural and cross-religious evidence, we hypothesized that Buddhist concepts, possibly differing from Christian concepts, activate not only prosociality but also tolerance. Subliminally priming Buddhist concepts, compared with neutral or Christian concepts, decreased explicit prejudice against ethnic, ideological, and moral outgroups among Western Buddhists who valued universalism (Experiment 1, N = 116). It also increased spontaneous prosociality, and decreased, among low authoritarians or high universalists, implicit religious and ethnic prejudice among Westerners of Christian background (Experiment 2, N = 128) and Taiwanese of Buddhist/Taoist background (Experiment 3, N = 122). Increased compassion and tolerance of contradiction occasionally mediated some of the effects. The general idea that religion promotes (ingroup) prosociality and outgroup prejudice, based on research in monotheistic contexts, lacks cross-cultural sensitivity; Buddhist concepts activate extended prosociality and tolerance of outgroups, at least among those with socio-cognitive and moral openness. PMID:25676193

  3. Triratna Budistlik Kogukond: juhtumiuuring budistlikust kogudusest Eestis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauri Liiders

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides an overview of the first detailed case study of a Buddhist congregation in Estonia. The object of this study is Triratna Buddhist Community in Estonia, which was established here in 1989 and is part of international Triratna Buddhist Community (formerly known as Friends of the Western Buddhist Order created in the United Kingdom in 1967. Mainly through oral history and participant observation methods as well as analysis of data presented by different written and oral sources the researcher strives to give an overview of various aspects of activity connected with one particular Buddhist group in Estonia, including its practice, ordination rituals, beliefs and membership characteristics. It also includes a detailed overview of the congregation’s history and its relationship with members of Triratna congregations in Finland and the UK. It presents Buddhism as an emerging new religion in Estonia through a case study of a Western Buddhist ecumenical congregation.

  4. 丰子恺的佛学价值取向初探%Feng Zikai’s Orientation of Budhist Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉祥华

    2015-01-01

    丰子恺推重佛学,是受弘一法师的影响,但是他的佛学思想比较驳杂,华严宗、法相宗、净土宗、禅宗、律宗等在其身上都有所体现。丰子恺信佛但不迷信佛,不是为了成佛,更不是为了获得与佛同在的最高幸福。他信佛的目的只有一个,那就是“以精神生活代替物质生活”。在他的眼里,佛只是一种最高的人格境界。佛教的“无我说”乃苦难的解脱之道。“无我”首先要抛弃“我私我欲”的贪念,正是在这一基点上,丰子恺毕生笃守佛家信念,并身体力行致力于个人品性的修炼。丰子恺对佛教中的迷信部分始终是否定的,他强调直接用心灵与佛陀的精神进行“对话”,去理解佛陀物我一体的慈悲心和四大皆空的基本义,这无疑与“五四”时代对待宗教的态度是一致的。%Influenced by Master Hong Yi,Feng Zikai has high regard for Buddhism,but his Buddhist thoughts are more complex,which embodied Huayan School,Hossoshu,Pure-land School,Zen,Vinaya School,and so on.Though he trusts in Buddhism,he has neither blind faith on it nor becomes a Buddha,even nor obtains the supreme happiness of being with Buddha.It is “to substitute the spiritual life for the material life”that is his only purpose.Buddhism,in which “the Theory of Anatman”is the way to relieve oneself from suffering,is only the supreme realm of personality in his mind.Being “anatman”,one must firstly abandon “oneself and his desires”,in which he keeps his belief all his life and cultivates his personality with his practice.He keeps a negative attitude to the superstition belief in Buddhism,and emphasizes the direct dialogue between one’s soul and the spirit of Buddha to understand Buddha’s compassion of “the integrity of oneself and the universe”and the essential meaning of “being void of vanities”,which is undoubtedly consistent with the attitude towards religions

  5. 王守仁寓醴诗试解%Interpretation of Poems by Wang Shouren Living in Liling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史铁良

    2012-01-01

    Being banished to Longehangyi in Guizhou, Wang Shouren travelled by way of Liling, and wrote four poems depicting hardships and danger on the way, in pursuit of intense relief and purity of the turesque scenery of the temple as well. These poems are all related to monks and temples deeply influenced by Buddhism. monks and the picbecause Wang was%王守仁被贬贵州龙场驿,来回均经过湖南醴陵县,在醴作诗四首,反映了旅途环境的艰险、寻求解脱的心理及僧人的纯朴,也有对寺庙如画风光的描绘。这四首诗都与佛寺有关,主要原因是王守仁的思想深受佛教的影响。

  6. Tea Culture in the Land of Confucianism——Sightseeing in the Wuyi Mountains ,Fujian province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Walking through the Wuyi Mountains, Fujian province in summer, you can smell the fragrant aroma of Shanshui Tea everywhere Within the 70 square kilometers of the park, most people are drawn to a slogan stating there have been "A Thousand yrars of Confucianism, but 10,000years of Shanshui Tea", it also tells of a legend that the Wuyi Mountains are not only a symbol of the integration of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, but that they are also the birthplace of a special kind of Shanshui Tea withits unique Wuyi name. Thc most important aspect,however,is that Shanshui Tea is a product of the same soil and water of the Wuyi Moutains and, giying it thc same purity as well.

  7. What is and what is not positive body image? Conceptual foundations and construct definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tylka, Tracy L; Wood-Barcalow, Nichole L

    2015-06-01

    A decade ago, research on positive body image as a unique construct was relatively nonexistent, and now this area is flourishing. How and why did positive body image scholarship emerge? What is known about this contemporary construct? This article situates and contextualizes positive body image within Cash's scholarship, eating disorder prevention efforts, feminist influences, strength-based disciplines within psychology, and Buddhism. Extracting insights from quantitative and qualitative research, this article demonstrates that positive body image is (a) distinct from negative body image; (b) multifaceted (including body appreciation, body acceptance/love, conceptualizing beauty broadly, adaptive investment in appearance, inner positivity, interpreting information in a body-protective manner); (c) holistic; (d) stable and malleable; (e) protective; (f) linked to self-perceived body acceptance by others; and (g) shaped by social identities. Complementing what positive body image is, this article further details what positive body image is not to provide a more nuanced understanding of this construct.

  8. Deepening psychoanalytic listening: the marriage of Buddha and Freud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Jeffrey B

    2009-06-01

    Freud (1912) delineated the ideal state of mind for therapists to listen, what he called "evenly hovering" or "evenly suspended attention." No one has ever offered positive recommendations for how to cultivate this elusive yet eminently trainable state of mind. This leaves an important gap in training and technique. What Buddhism terms meditation-non-judgmental attention to what is happening moment-to-moment-cultivates exactly the extraordinary, yet accessible, state of mind Freud was depicting. But genuine analytic listening requires one other quality: the capacity to decode or translate what we hear on the latent and metaphoric level-which meditation does not do. This is a crucial weakness of meditation. In this chapter I will draw on the best of the Western psychoanalytic and Eastern meditative traditions to illuminate how therapists could use meditation to cultivate "evenly hovering attention" and how a psychoanalytic understanding of the language and logic of the unconscious complements and enriches meditative attention.

  9. A critical analysis of the concepts and measurement of awareness and equanimity in Goenka's Vipassana meditation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Xianglong; Oei, Tian P S; Ye, Yiqing; Liu, Xiangping

    2015-04-01

    Goenka's Vipassana meditation (GVM), a widely applied mindfulness training system rooted in Buddhism, is currently widely used. Although the two abilities cultivated in GVM, awareness and equanimity, exhibit certain similarities with the mindfulness cultivated in mindfulness-based psychotherapies (MBTs), they are not major concerns in MBTs. While many mindfulness scales have been created to measure different aspects of mindfulness constructs and certain scales and items can indeed reflect the basic abilities of awareness and equanimity, none of them can adequately capture the way in which those abilities and related ideas are applied in GVM. This paper presents a critical examination of the problems associated with the concepts and measurement of awareness and equanimity and presents potential solutions for achieving better measurement of these concepts in the future. PMID:24222100

  10. Revision of the Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale for measuring awareness and equanimity in Goenka's Vipassana meditation with Chinese Buddhists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Xianglong; Li, Mengdan; Zhang, Bo; Liu, Xiangping

    2015-04-01

    Goenka's 10-day Vipassana course is a widespread mindfulness course rooted in traditional Buddhism. Awareness and equanimity are two abilities cultivated in this course that are not featured in modern mindfulness-based psychotherapies and thereby not adequately measured by current mindfulness scales. The present article analyzed the Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale (PHLMS; Cardaciotto et al. in Assessment 15(2):204-223, 2008) and revised it into a short version to avoid confusion when measuring awareness and equanimity. Empirical data obtained using Chinese university students and Chinese Buddhists showed that the psychometric properties of the original version of the PHLMS had low factor loading on some items and that the short version had improved psychometric properties, especially for Buddhists. The short PHLMS also exhibited reasonable relationships with emotional outcomes and meditation practices among Buddhists. Implications for the future application of the PHLMS among Buddhists were also discussed. PMID:24824919

  11. Promoting resilience and recovery in a Buddhist mental health support group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phoenix, Bethany

    2014-04-01

    Communities of faith are important arenas for psychiatric mental health nurses to promote emotional well-being and support recovery for persons with mental health problems. This article describes an innovative faith-based mental health group, based on Buddhist philosophy and practice and established by an advanced practice psychiatric nurse, that uses psychoeducation, peer support, and faith encouragement to help participants find hope and meaning in the experience of mental health problems. A brief overview of Buddhism and selected concepts relevant to the philosophical framework of the Buddhist mental health support group is followed by a review of the common themes of the group discussions. These include: finding value in the illness experience; differentiating the proper role of treatment from that of Buddhist practice in optimizing mental health; and experiencing a deeper sense of joy, despite current suffering. PMID:24702210

  12. Hermann Oldenberg and the Historical Imperative: Writing a Biography of Gautama Buddha from Nineteenth-Century Germany

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    Roberto Eduardo García Fernández

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In the second half of the nineteenth century Buddhism was well known as a religion among academic and literary circles in Europe. However, the variety of doctrinal versions and texts from different Buddhist schools posed a dilemma for the pioneering scholars in the field: which one was the real history and teaching of the Buddha? Although there were numerous studies and biographical versions of the life of Buddha, the one written by German Orientalist Hermann Oldenberg is noted for its historicist reconstruction and its claim to have used the original source. This article discusses how Oldenberg’s work represented an effort to reconstruct a hagiography through the lens of a modern rational society that demanded consistency with respect to religious events, imposing a holistic perspective to a heterogeneous material which in itself is fragmented, and thus contributing to the “construction” of the life of Gautama Buddha as a coherent whole.

  13. Monk development experts: Using traditional knowledge to manage community development by monks in Isan

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    Phramaha Somdet Wongtham

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This investigation, monk development experts: Using traditional knowledge to manage community development by monks in Isan, is a qualitative study with three primary aims:To study the background of community development by monks in Northeastern Thailand, to study the current state of community development by monks in Northeastern Thailand and to outline a set of guidelines for community development by monks in Northeastern Thailand. The research area for this investigation was purposively selected and was composed of nine communities in Northeastern Thailand. Results show that monks have been involved in community development since Buddhism first arrived in North-eastern Thailand and their role is now primarily separated into three areas: Faith, knowledge and practice. The results of this investigation can be considered by local temples, communities, government institutions and individual monks when deciding how to manage and administer community development by monks in Northeastern Thailand.

  14. Analysis of the private, collective, and relational self-cognitions among Han and Tibetan Chinese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Wei; Mamat, Marhaba; Shang, Rui; Zhang, Tianyang; Li, Hao; Wang, Yao; Luo, Wei; Wu, Yanhong

    2014-08-01

    Differences in the concepts of private, collective, and relational selves between two Chinese ethnic groups, the Han and Tibetan-adhering to the philosophies of Confucianism and Tibetan Buddhism, respectively-were examined. 128 students (54 men, 74 women; M age = 20.9 yr., SD = 2.2) completed the revised Twenty Statements Test and self-reference paradigm. Study 1 found that for Han participants relational and private selves were ranked similarly and as more important than the collective self. Studies 2 and 3 found that adjective words describing private and relational selves were recalled in greater proportions than words describing the collective self. Tibetan participants showed no significant differences between the three self-cognitions. The findings correspond to differences in self-identity among these two subcultures. PMID:25153957

  15. Contradictions in stem cell research education amongst science educators and Buddhist, Christian and Muslim theologians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elhayboubi, Samira Nawal

    We examine how teachers approach stem cell research (SCR) as a controversial religio-scientific issue, and how theologians derive rulings in SCR. We also examine the contradictions teachers have regarding religio-scientific aspect of SCR. Two observations were the igniters of this study, increasing public involvement in political decision-making and changing demographics among voters. Two samples were gathered, a teachers' group and a theologians' group. The teachers' group consisted of 43 graduate-level Science education teachers and teachers-in-training from the University of Texas at Dallas and Stanford University. The theologian's group consisted of theologians from 3 denominations, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam. Data was obtained using Likert-surveys, open-ended questions and interviews. Results show that majority of the teachers' group are open to discussing SCR but fear retaliation.

  16. Towards Musical Individuation

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    Dong Min Kim

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available In Jungian theory, heavily influenced by Zen Buddhism, the developmental stages of human life are symbolized as a circle that represents the wholeness, and the open ended process towards the wholeness is called Individuation. Within the circle there are two stages; the Morning and the Afternoon of Life, and the latter begins at the age of 35, an age at which individuation begins and one that I have reached and passed. Thus, it seemed to be a perfect time for me to begin my own journey towards individuation, especially musical individuation since music had always been such a central part of my life. The first step of individuation is to be aware of one’s individual, social, cultural unconscious forces that affect conscious thoughts and behavior. Thus, my musical individuation began with my attempts to be aware of the unconscious forces beneath my conscious thoughts and behaviors.

  17. An Exploration on the Influence of Tibetan Buddhist Philosophy on the Harmony and Stability of Tibetan Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Junzhe

    2016-01-01

    The principles of the theory of de-pendence arising from emptiness of original nature;of the nature of the human mind, and, the equality of all sentient beings are important philosophical tenets held by the different schools of Tibetan Bud-dhism, and they all have profound ideological im-plication. Through various ways, including belief, promotion, advocation, and education, these three philosophical principles are subtly integrated in most Tibetan people’s ideological structure. This helps them to understand the nature of the uni-verse, purify their minds, and promote their realm of life. As a result, it helps them to deal well with human relations, the relationship between man and nature, and it promotes the harmony and stability of Tibetan society. In today’s society, although so-cial conditions have changed dramatically, these three philosophical principles still play an impor-tant role in promoting the social harmony and sta-bility in Tibetan areas.

  18. Suicide and the afterlife: popular religion and the standardisation of 'culture' in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picone, Mary

    2012-06-01

    For an overwhelming majority of commentators, including many anthropologists, 'Japanese culture' is still associated with a positive view of suicide. Western-language writings have contributed by feedback loop to perpetuate this stereotype. Besides the local 'samurai ethic', Japanese Buddhism is also said not to prohibit taking one's life. However, the most popular examples of heroic self-sacrifice, from the Edo period to WWII, are fraught with covert contradictions. From ancient times to the present religious practitioners of all sorts have maintained that suicide creates unhappy, resentful spirits who harm the living. This article discusses many examples of a diverse series of narratives, from spirit medium's séances to drama to contemporary films, in which the anguished spirits of suicides are allowed to express themselves directly. After the figures rose alarmingly in the late 1990s various religious organisations have attempted to fight the stigma suffered by bereaved family members and have introduced new interpretations and new rituals.

  19. Spiritual perspectives and practices at the end-of-life: A review of the major world religions and application to palliative care

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    Bauer-Wu S

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Palliative care professionals promote well-being and ease suffering at the end-of-life through holistic care that addresses physical, emotional, social and spiritual needs. The ways that individuals cope with serious illness and prepare for death are often done so within a religious context. Therefore, it is essential that palliative care practitioners are sensitive to and have an appreciation of different religious perspectives and rituals to meet the unique needs of their patients and families. This paper provides a brief overview of the five major world religions - Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam and Judaism - with particular emphasis of the respective perspectives on suffering, death and afterlife. Despite wide variation in these traditions, an understanding of common rituals surrounding death, funerals and bereavement can improve care for patients, families and communities facing the end-of-life.

  20. Integration of religious traditions in Japanese children's view of death and afterlife.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagara-Rosemeyer, Miharu; Davies, Betty

    2007-03-01

    Open and public discussion of death, particularly among children, remains one of the greatest Japanese societal taboos; therefore, little is known about Japanese children's perceptions of death. To explore Japanese children's notions of life and death, 16 healthy children (7 girls and 9 boys, mean age 8.9) were each interviewed 3 times and asked to draw and describe pictures of what "to live" and "to die" meant to them. Transcribed interviews were interpreted based on thematic analysis, incorporating paradigm cases and exemplars within the hermeneutical tradition. The children perceived life as an evolving process that leads to death, and regarded death as a transitional point to an afterlife. Some children perceived this process, or flow, as linear; others as circular. Their notions of death and the afterlife incorporated three main religious traditions in Japan (Shintoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism) as well as Christianity, as illustrated by 3 case examples and children's drawings.

  1. Qualitative content analysis of suicidal ideation in Korean college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Kae-Hwa; An, Gyeong Ju; Sohn, Ki-Cheul

    2011-01-01

    The suicide rate for ages 15-24 increased recently in South Korea. The purpose of this study was to understand the suicidal ideation using the qualitative content analysis in South Korean college students. The data were collected with non-structured open questions in 134 college students and were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The collected materials were classified 2 categories, 6 themes, and 21 theme clusters. Two categories are emerged: (1) facilitators of suicidal ideation, and (2) inhibitors of suicidal ideation. This study identified that the facilitators of suicidal ideation are physical, psychological and societal concerns, and suggested that the inhibitors of suicidal ideation are influenced by religious and cultural context. These results presented that Buddhism and Confucianism had influence on reasons to not attempting suicide behavior as the inhibitor of suicidal ideation. In conclusion, cultural context should be considered to develop strategies for the suicide prevention in South Korean college student. PMID:21706996

  2. Religious and Spiritual Dimensions of the Vietnamese Dementia Caregiving Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinton, Ladson; Tran, Jane Nhauyen; Tran, Cindy; Hinton, Devon

    2008-01-01

    This paper focuses on the role of religion and spirituality in dementia caregiving among Vietnamese refugee families. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with nine Vietnamese caregivers of persons with dementia, then tape-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed for emergent themes. Caregivers related their spirituality/religion to three aspects of caregiving: (1) their own suffering, (2) their motivations for providing care, and (3) their understanding of the nature of the illness. Key terms or idioms were used to articulate spiritual/religious dimensions of the caregivers' experience, which included sacrifice, compassion, karma, blessings, grace and peace of mind. In their narratives, the caregivers often combined multiple strands of different religions and/or spiritualities: Animism, Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and Catholicism. Case studies are presented to illustrate the relationship between religion/spirituality and the domains of caregiving. These findings have relevance for psychotherapeutic interventions with ethnically diverse populations. PMID:20930949

  3. Culture-centered engagement with delivery of health services: co-constructing meanings of health in the Tzu Chi Foundation through Buddhist philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillard, Sydney J; Dutta, Mohan; Sun, Wei-San

    2014-01-01

    The shift in health communication scholarship from the narrow focus on curing to the complexly intertwined spaces of health, illness, healing, and curing attends to the dynamic cultural contexts within which meanings and practices are negotiated, directing scholarship toward alternative spaces of health care delivery. This study utilized the culture-centered approach as a theoretical lens for providing a discursive space for understanding meanings of health constituted in the practices of the Tzu Chi Foundation, an organization that offers biomedical services within the larger philosophical understandings of Buddhism with 10 million members in over 50 different countries. The emerging perspective promotes non-biomedical meanings of health through selfless giving and assistance founded in Buddhist principles, simultaneously seeking purity of the mind, body, and soul holistically. Through the negotiation of the principles driving Buddhist philosophy and the principles that shape biomedical health care delivery, this study seeks to understand the interpretive frames that circulate among foundation staff and care recipients.

  4. Ethical Explanation for Chinese People's Religion Choice%大部分中国人不信教的伦理探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    权麟春

    2012-01-01

    Chinese people's life philosophy is not based on Confucius,Daoism,or Buddhism alone,but an integration of the three.The unity of three major religions makes the Chinese philosophy of life,which also explains why most Chinese do not believe in religion.%中国人的人生智慧,既不是儒家伦理智慧,也不是道家伦理智慧,又不是佛家伦理智慧,而是三者的生态有机统一。儒、道、佛三位一体的大融合,构成了中国伦理思想的人生智慧。生态有机体决定了大部分中国人不信仰宗教。

  5. Ekstratekstuele relasies van 'spieël' in die poësie van Breyten Breytenbach

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    J. Ferreira

    1988-05-01

    Full Text Available Extra-textual relations in the poetry of Breyten Breytenbach are regarded as having the same importance as intra-textual relations. Focusing on extra-textual relations, references to “mirror” show non-literary extra-textual relations to the “mirror mind” of Buddhism. This relation is constituted by literary extra-textual relations between four analysed poems. All other references to “mirror” in the oeuvre are listed for comparison in this framework. The Buddhist principle of unity underlying this poetry becomes a textual strategy. The reader is guided towards a reading process in which no single poem is to be considered as a bearer of the full meaning. Interrelated with all other poems in the oeuvre, each single poem is only an aspect, a flowing image, in the “mirror mind” of this poetry.

  6. 有关白居易故居的几个问题%Some Problems of Bai Juyi's Home

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王岩

    2004-01-01

    In 1992--1993, a large-scale survey and excavation were carried out on the site of Bai Juyi's home. The work resulted in the determination of the location of this building complex and thelayout of its living area and garden. The Liidaofang Block where the poet's home was situated lay east of the Shiziqiao Bridge, south of the Luoshui River and north of the Yishui River. The living area consisted of a front compound and a rear one. The most distinct feature of Bai's mansion was the full utilization of water resources by leading the water of the Yishui River into the garden. The unearthed objects reflect the poet's interest in poem-composition, drinking and tea sipping, as well as his belief in Buddhism. Theresidence was made into the Buddhist Puming Temple, also called Dazisiyuan Temple-garden, in AD 924 and destroyed presumably at the turn from the Ming to the Qing period.

  7. 略论梁漱溟的治学理念%On Liang Shuming’ s Academic Ideas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚焱超

    2014-01-01

    Liang Shuming is a very influential figure in Chinese modern academic circles. In the past, scholars always concentrated in his philosophy, Buddhism thought and rural construction theory, rarely researched his Academic ideas. With Liang Shuming’ s activities and experiences that he went through as a clue, this article intends to discuss his academic ideas preliminary.%梁漱溟是中国近代学术上一位极有影响力的人物。学术界以往多集中于对他的哲学思想、佛学思想以及乡村建设理论的研究,鲜有论及他的治学理念。本文拟以梁漱溟一生的活动和经历为线索,对梁漱溟治学理念作一次初步的探讨。

  8. Bushido dalam Masyarakat Jepang Modern

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    Bambang Wibawarta

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Bushido is most often translated as the way of the warrior caste in Japan. Bushirefers to warriors in feudal Japan while do means several things including: the correct way,the path, or the road. Another interpretation of Bushido could be the way of preserving peacethrough the use of force. Bushido comes out of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Shintoism. Thecombination of these schools of thought and religions has formed the code of warrior valuesknown as Bushido. A key to our understanding of how the concepts of Bushido fit into Japanesemodern lives is to understand the historical and societal aspects of Bushido. Today, this meaningcan be modernized to include minimizing violent conflict. The code of Bushido, the Samurai'scode of honor, upholds loyalty, discipline, total dedication, honor and valor, and numerousexamples of these elements can be witnessed today or in recent history.

  9. Connotations of architectural culture transmitted in cliff carvings in the Bashu region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Cong-hua; ZHANG Xing-guo; LIU Zhi-yong

    2006-01-01

    Based on site studies,historical literature investigation and academic communication,this work aims to dig out the cultural significance in architectural and religious aspects conveyed in cliff carvings in the Bashu region.After casting a glance at the origin and evolution of Bashu culture and religion mainly involving Daoism and Buddhism recorded in forms of cliff carvings,we concentrated on discovering the national,regional and folk architectural characters implicated in cliff carvings at different sites within the Bashu region.The cliff carvings in this region vividly depicted the evolution of the architectural culture hereof.The essence of their religious and architectural connotations can be good stuff to be input in today's architectural design philosophy.

  10. 建筑景观设计中的中国传统意识形态%On Chinese traditional ideology in architectural landscape design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙正军

    2015-01-01

    结合当前建筑景观现象,论述了儒、释、道的历史文化与园林景观关系,分析了各宗教意识形态对园林景观的影响,指出设计师应在尊重传统宗教基本思想的前提下,运用现代设计手法创造出适合现代人的文化休闲场所。%Combining with the architectural landscapes,the paper indicates the relationship among Confucius,Buddhism and Taoism and garden-ing landscapes,adopts the modern design methods to create the humanistic recreational places,with architects’respects for the basic ideas for traditional religions.

  11. The law of the leading digits and the world religions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mir, T. A.

    2012-02-01

    Benford's law states that the occurrence of significant digits in many data sets is not uniform but tends to follow a logarithmic distribution such that the smaller digits appear as first significant digits more frequently than the larger ones. We investigate here numerical data on the country-wise adherent distribution of seven major world religions i.e. Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism and Baha'ism to see if the proportion of the leading digits occurring in the distribution conforms to Benford's law. We find that the adherent data of all the religions, except Christianity, excellently does conform to Benford's law. Furthermore, unlike the adherent data on Christianity, the significant digit distribution of the three major Christian denominations i.e. Catholicism, Protestantism and Orthodoxy obeys the law. Thus in spite of their complexity general laws can be established for the evolution of religious groups.

  12. Attitude of muslim youth to the other (erzurum ataturk university. Department of religious studies sample

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    Dr. Emine ÖZTÜRK

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to understand whether or not our prejudgements from past to present shape today’s youth and to what extent it’s shaped. The research is a field work and questionnaire technique has been used in the research as well as qualitative method. The place that the questionnaire is used has been chosen as Erzurum Ataturk University. Department of Religious Studies. In other words. the research is a qualitative research. The subject of the research is “Attitude of Today’s Muslim Youth to the Other”. The definition of the other in this research has been considered as the members of the three other major religions. These major religions;Ò  JewishnessÒ  ChristianityÒ  Finally. Buddhism.

  13. Spirituality within the family and the prevention of health risk behavior among adolescents in Bangkok, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamratrithirong, Aphichat; Miller, Brenda A; Byrnes, Hilary F; Rhucharoenpornpanich, Orratai; Cupp, Pamela K; Rosati, Michael J; Fongkaew, Warunee; Atwood, Katharine A; Chookhare, Warunee

    2010-11-01

    This study investigates the influences of a family's spiritual beliefs and practices on substance use and sexual risk behaviors among young adolescents 13-14 years old in Bangkok, Thailand. Independent predictor variables are the parents' and teens' spiritual beliefs and practices in Buddhism and parental monitoring behaviors. The study uses data from the 2007 Baseline Survey of the Thai Family Matters Project, which adapted a U.S. based family prevention program for Thai culture. A representative sample of 420 pairs of parents and teens from the Bangkok metropolitan area was recruited to participate in the study. Structural equation models indicate that positive direct and indirect associations of the spirituality of parents and teens within a family and the prevention of adolescent risk behaviors are significant and consistent.

  14. Self-esteem mediates the relationship between spirituality and subjective well-being in Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshanloo, Mohsen; Daemi, Fatemeh

    2015-03-01

    Self-esteem appears to play a central role in the spiritual life and ethical behaviour of the typical Iranian. For example, for many Iranians, humankind is believed to be the crown of creation, and each person is believed to be individually valued by God. Previous empirical studies also indicate that in Iran spirituality is positively associated with self-esteem. On this basis, it was hypothesised that self-esteem would be one of the mechanisms through which spirituality leads to increased mental well-being. Mediation analysis showed that self-esteem was a partial mediator of the spirituality-well-being relationship. Moreover, results of moderated mediation analysis revealed that this mediation was not significantly moderated by gender, and that the indirect path through self-esteem was significant in both genders. Implications of the results and their relevance to other western and eastern religions (e.g. Christianity and Buddhism) are discussed.

  15. The mystery of reincarnation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagaraj, Anil Kumar Mysore; Nanjegowda, Raveesh Bevinahalli; Purushothama, S M

    2013-01-01

    One of the mysteries puzzling human mind since the origin of mankind is the concept of "reincarnation" which literally means "to take on the flesh again." As the civilizations evolved, beliefs got discriminated and disseminated into various religions. The major division manifested was "East" and "West." The eastern religions being more philosophical and less analytical, have accepted reincarnation. However, the different eastern religions like Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism have differed in their faith on rebirth. Further, the Islam as well as the most dominant religion of the world, Christianity, having its origin in the west, have largely denied reincarnation, though some sub-sects still show interest in it. Also many mystic and esoteric schools like theosophical society have their unique description on rebirth. This article describes reincarnation as perceived by various religions and new religious movements as well as some research evidence. PMID:23858250

  16. Law of the leading digits and the ideological struggle for numbers

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    Mir, Tariq Ahmad

    2011-01-01

    Benford's law states that occurence of significant digits in many data sets is not uniform but follows a logrithimic distribution such that the smaller digits appear as first significant digits more frequently than the larger ones. We investigate the country-wise adherent distribution of seven major world religions i.e. Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism and Bhah'ism to see if the proportion of the leading digits conform to the Benford's law. We found that the adherent data on all the religions, except Christianity, excellently conform to the Benford's law. Further, unlike data on Christainity, the significant digit distribution of the three major Christian denominations Catholicism, Protestantism and Orthodoxy obey the law. The study indicates that Benford's law can be used as a statistical tool to test the integrity of the available world religion adherent data which is bound to be suspicious due to infancy of religious demography research.

  17. Religious perspectives on umbilical cord blood banking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordens, Christopher F C; O'Connor, Michelle A C; Kerridge, Ian H; Stewart, Cameron; Cameron, Andrew; Keown, Damien; Lawrence, Rabbi Jeremy; McGarrity, Andrew; Sachedina, Abdulaziz; Tobin, Bernadette

    2012-03-01

    Umbilical cord blood is a valuable source of haematopoietic stem cells. There is little information about whether religious affiliations have any bearing on attitudes to and decisions about its collection, donation and storage. The authors provided information about umbilical cord blood banking to expert commentators from six major world religions (Catholicism, Anglicanism, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism) and asked them to address a specific set of questions in a commentary. The commentaries suggest there is considerable support for umbilical cord blood banking in these religions. Four commentaries provide moral grounds for favouring public donation over private storage. None attach any particular religious significance to the umbilical cord or to the blood within it, nor place restrictions on the ethnicity or religion of donors and recipients. Views on ownership of umbilical cord blood vary. The authors offer a series of general points for those who seek a better understanding of religious perspectives on umbilical cord blood banking. PMID:22558902

  18. The rules of implicit evaluation by race, religion, and age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Axt, Jordan R; Ebersole, Charles R; Nosek, Brian A

    2014-09-01

    The social world is stratified. Social hierarchies are known but often disavowed as anachronisms or unjust. Nonetheless, hierarchies may persist in social memory. In three studies (total N > 200,000), we found evidence of social hierarchies in implicit evaluation by race, religion, and age. Participants implicitly evaluated their own racial group most positively and the remaining racial groups in accordance with the following hierarchy: Whites > Asians > Blacks > Hispanics. Similarly, participants implicitly evaluated their own religion most positively and the remaining religions in accordance with the following hierarchy: Christianity > Judaism > Hinduism or Buddhism > Islam. In a final study, participants of all ages implicitly evaluated age groups following this rule: children > young adults > middle-age adults > older adults. These results suggest that the rules of social evaluation are pervasively embedded in culture and mind. PMID:25079218

  19. 东方宗教哲学思想与东方“建筑意”%Religious Philosophy and Oriental Architectures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙书同; 杨昌鸣

    2014-01-01

    本文通过分析东方的宗教哲学思想,如佛教、伊斯兰教、印度教等宗教文化,解释了现代建筑师在设计创作中体现的东方宗教哲学思想。并通过具体的案例分析,阐述了其设计手法及建筑意境与东方文化间的关联性。%Through the analysis of such oriental religious ph- ilosophy as Buddhism, Islam and Hinduism, the author explai- ned the Oriental religious philosophy in the design of modern architects. And by specific cases, the design techniques of oriental building and the relationship between the artistic co- ncept of construction Oriental culture was elaborated.

  20. National Theatre of China's Romeo and Juliet and Its Rituals

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    Benny Lim

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the “Chinese-ness” of this brand new production of Romeo and Juliet by the National Theatre of China, from a ritual perspective. Three main areas were discussed. Firstly, this play has got several religious connotations. The absence of religion in this play’s setting is relevant to China’s current high percentage of atheists. Despite that, several religions, such as Buddhism, Daoism and Christianity, are mentioned in this play. Secondly, the play has also incorporated several Chinese culture and traditions. The use of bicycles as one of the main props can be linked to the cultural significance of bicycles in China. The play also incorporated other cultural and traditional elements such as wedding customaries in China, Xinjiang dance, as well as the Chinese tongue twisters. Finally, the play has incorporated multiple Brechtian moments. Perhaps the Brechtian moments can lead audience to think about the current religious and cultural developments in modern China.