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Sample records for buddhism

  1. Buddhism in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borup, Jørn

    2008-01-01

    Introductory article on Buddhism in Denmark following historial lines and typological divides between "ethnic" and "convert" Buddhism.......Introductory article on Buddhism in Denmark following historial lines and typological divides between "ethnic" and "convert" Buddhism....

  2. Buddhism, Business, and Economics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brox, Trine; Williams-Oerberg, Elizabeth Lane

    2017-01-01

    This chapter takes the relationship that Buddhists have historically had with economic practices as a starting point for discussing contemporary entanglements of Buddhism and economy. Based on a literary review of previous studies on Buddhism and business and building upon our own research, we......-monk exchange relations, Buddhist economic ethics, monastic businesses, spiritual consumerism, globalized Buddhism, secularized Buddhist technologies in the corporate world, and Buddhist branding, all of which testify to the diverse modalities of Buddhism and economic relations, illuminating also the economic...

  3. Introduction to Zen Buddhism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strawn, Virginia

    A lesson plan, divided into four learning activities, introduces the topic of Zen Buddhism by presenting one of many possible approaches to the academic study of religion in a secondary setting. The lesson plan is designed for integration into world history, global studies, or sociology classes in secondary schools. Learning activity one focuses…

  4. Japanese Rinzai Zen Buddhism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borup, Jørn

    or "spiritual" aspects. This book investigates the contemporary living reality of the largest Japanese Rinzai Zen Buddhist group, Myōshinji. Drawing on textual studies and ethnographic fieldwork, Jørn Borup analyses how its practitioners use and understand their religion, how they practice their religiosity...... and how different kinds of Zen Buddhists (monks, nuns, priest, lay people) interact and define themselves within the religious organization. Living Zen portrays a living Zen Buddhism being both uniquely interesting and interestingly typical for common Buddhist and Japanese religiosity...

  5. Buddhism: A Brief Guide to Reference Sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drost, Jerry

    The annotated bibliography lists 48 articles, atlases, dictionaries, bibliographies, and general and subject indexes on Buddhism. The bibliography is intended to provide college students with an introduction to the more complex literature of Buddhism and to stimulate further research and study. Topics include the history of Buddhism; the practice…

  6. Buddhism of Japanese Immigrants within the framework of Brazilian Buddhism

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    Frank Usarski

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article reflects upon Buddhism of Japanese immigrants, which is the historically and numerically most important sub-segment of the so-called “ethnic Buddhism” in Brazil. The latter represents - in distinction from the “Buddhism of converts” - one of the two principles analytical subcategories of Buddhist universe of the country. The text starts with a reconstruction of the trajectory of the religious sub-segment in question by relating it to other observable tendencies in Brazil’s Buddhist field in general. For analytical reasons, the history of Buddhism of Japanese immigrants is subdivided into four phases. In the second part of the article the aforementioned data are interpreted from a sociological point of view. This interpretation refers mainly to the statistics of the National Census from 1950 onwards conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE. The data indicate a gradual decline of Japanese Immigrant Buddhism during the last decades that has cumulated into general crises of the Buddhist segment in question. As for factors possibly responsible for this negative development, the article discusses aspects such as logistical failures on the side of the Buddhist institutions or the difficulties of the families of Japanese descendants in handing down their cultural and religious heritage to their children.  

  7. Radical Behaviorism and Buddhism: Complementarities and Conflicts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diller, James W.; Lattal, Kennon A.

    2008-01-01

    Comparisons have been made between Buddhism and the philosophy of science in general, but there have been only a few attempts to draw comparisons directly with the philosophy of radical behaviorism. The present review therefore considers heretofore unconsidered points of comparison between Buddhism and radical behaviorism in terms of their…

  8. Buddhism in the West: Phases, Orders and the Creation of an Integrative Buddhism

    OpenAIRE

    Baumann, Martin

    1996-01-01

    Following Heinz Bechert's proposal to distinguish Buddhist history by periods into a canonical, traditional and modern Buddhism, the paper focuses on the form and characteristics Buddhism has started to take in the incipient period of post-modernity. As one prominent feature of post-modern or global Buddhism, approaches are found particularly in the modern contexts of Western, industrialized societies. Part One of the paper sketches the chronological and geographical dissesmination of Buddhis...

  9. Pain Perception in Buddhism Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waikakul, Waraporn; Waikakul, Saranatra

    2016-08-01

    Dhamma, which Lord Buddha has presented to people after his enlightenment, analyzes every phenomenon and objects into their ultimate elements. The explanation of sensory system is also found in a part of Dhamma named Abhidhammapitaka, the Book of the Higher Doctrine in Buddhism. To find out the relationship between explanation of pain in the present neuroscience and the explanation of pain in Abhidhamma, the study was carried out by the use of a comprehensive review. The comparisons were in terms of peripheral stimulation, signal transmission, modulation, perception, suffering, determination and decision making for the responding to pain. We found that details of the explanation on pain mechanism and perception in Abhidhamma could associate well with our present scientific knowledge. Furthermore, more refinement information about the process and its function in particular aspects of pain perception were provided in Abhidhammapitaka.

  10. The Art of Buddhism. A Teacher's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forsgren, Krista; Benskin, Elizabeth

    While the art of Buddhism has an enduring tradition throughout Asia, this teaching guide focuses on the cultures of three countries in which the Smithsonian's Freer and Sackler Galleries' collections are particularly strong: India, China, and Japan. The guide identifies grade level appropriateness for some lessons and activities. It contains 15…

  11. Buddhism and Legal Tradition in Mongolia

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    Mergen S. Ulanov

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the problem of the influence of Buddhism on the legal tradition in Mongolia. The scientific relevance of the study concerning the history of interaction of Buddhism and legal tradition lies in the fact that religion and law are the values and norms that regulate social relations, revealing level and condition of morality of society, determining the system of value coordinates. The analysis of the cultural-historical context of interaction of legal and religious institutions is of particular importance. In this regard, the questions regarding the history of interaction of Buddhism and legal traditions in Mongolia are of special interest. The authors consider such monuments of Mongolian law as the «Great Yasa», the Hutuktay-Sechen’s Law, the Altan Khan’s Code, the «Eighteen steppe laws», the «Ih tsaaz» (the Mongol-Oirat Code of 1640, the «Mongol Tsaadzhin Bichig» («the Mongolian law», the «Khalkha Dzhirum» and modern legislation of Mongolia. A common in the religious studies view on Buddhism as a contemplative religion, indifferent to political-legal issues, is not entirely true. The study showed that Buddhism had a significant influence on the formation of state-legal relations in Mongolia. Inclusion of the Buddhist Canon law in the national legislation contributed to strengthening of the provisions of the world religion in the Mongolian society. As a result it became an important regulator of legal relations. It also contributed to the fact that the Buddhist clergy was beginning to be perceived by the population as an important and integral part of society. After proclamation of the Mongolian People's Republic and the subsequent persecution of the Church Buddhism ceased to have any serious impact on the law. In the modern democratic Mongolia the leading role of Buddhism in the country is enshrined in law, and it is regarded as an ideological foundation for preservation of national culture and Mongols

  12. Buddhism, Resistance, and Collaboration in Manchuria

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    James Carter

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This essay attempts to characterize Tanxu’s experiences in Manchuria and north China between 1920 and 1945, focusing especially on the war years. Tanxu’s actions during this time have been seen, broadly, in three different ways. First, as examples of Chinese nationalism, or "cultural patriotism," and thus resistance to Japanese encroachment; second, as accommodation of, if not collaboration with, the Japanese; and third—what Tanxu himself proclaimed—as apolitical actions intended to promote Buddhism. I attempt to reconcile these views in order to understand how Tanxu’s Buddhist activism can contribute to our understanding of the complex and controversial categories of resistance and collaboration.

  13. Scientific analysis of Buddhism and a comparative study of Buddhism and science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Tianxiang

    2006-01-01

    As Buddhism spread into China,the Mahayana(Dacheng)and Hinayana(Xiaocheng)schools,as well as the kong 空(empty)or you 有(being)schools,each developed separately,with all sorts of competing theories emerging.While Chinese Buddhism saw a revival in modern times,Western science also gained ground all over the country,and many scholars,technologists and monks sought to interpret the meaning of kong according the achievements and method of the natural sciences.They used science to interpret the content and methods of Buddhist teachings,ontology,and outlook on life.Of the scholars who did so,Wang Jitong(王季同)and You Zhibiao(尢智表)are the most excellent.

  14. Buddhism on the Border: Shan Buddhism and Transborder Migration in Northern Thailand

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    Tadayoshi Murakami

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the transformation of Shan Buddhism in the border area of Northern Thailand. Shan and other ethnic groups have a long history of migration between Northern Thailand and the Shan State of Myanmar; the migration continued even after the border was demarcated at the end of the nineteenth century. Recently, the migration has become unidirectional—from Myanmar to Thailand— and the number of migrants is growing steadily. An anomalous situation exists in this area: a fluid border crossing of people, goods, and information in spite of rigid border control by the Thai government. In the religious sphere, the Thai government has been institutionalizing and standardizing “Thai Buddhism” since the early twentieth century. The government’s efforts seem to have succeeded, resulting in the unified organization of “State Sangha” and a systematized curriculum for monastic education. In the process, local Sanghas (Buddhist monastic communities in the kingdom have been integrated into the State Sangha of Thailand. However, Shan Buddhism in the border area has not been totally assimilated into Thai Buddhism and maintains its unique seasonal festivals, religious rites of passage, practices using Shan manuscripts, and temple architecture. By focusing on the movement of people in the border area, where strong state control and a porous border coexist, this paper analyzes the important role of border migration in the continuation and development of Shan Buddhist practices in Northern Thailand.

  15. Warriors of Buddhism: Buddhism and violence as seen from a Vajrayana Tibetan Buddhist perspective

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    Christina Gillberg

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Buddhism is considered by many today as the non-violent religion par excellence. The concept of ahimsa (non-violence coupled with the notion of pratityasamutpada (i.e. that everything is casually interconnected, with the implication that pain inflicted upon others is therefore really done to oneself and thus to be avoided seems to be one of the main arguments for promoting Buddhism as an excellent method for promoting world peace. However this non-violent, serene picture of Buddhism is not the only picture. Buddhists on occasion speak of a need to use violence, and employ it. Buddhists kill. Sometimes they also kill each other. The history as well as the present of Buddhist Asia is bloodstained. How do Buddhists justify approving of and using violence? How do they legitimise their pro-violent utterances and actions when such actions ought to result in excommunication? What are they saying? There are several answers to this, some of which are presented in this article, with the primary focus on Buddhist Tibet.

  16. A Visual Narration of Hells in Buddhism and Islam

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    Ary Budianto

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The visualization of the Hell’s Tortures both in Buddhism and in Islam is exactly similar. However, their kind of ‘theological’ tendencies may result different outcome. By comparing the visual narration of the Buddhism and Islamic comic books dealing with hell illustrations, I made an‘imaginary’ dialogue between the concept and visuality of hells tortures that exist in both traditions, and see the impact on how far a sincere dialogue could be achieved in these two religious people. During this comparison, I found that both Buddhism and Islam in Java had ever made such an interesting dialogue.Keywords: Hell tortures, Islam-Buddhism comparison, encounter of Java-IndonesiaDOI: 10.15408/ref.v13i1.995

  17. Ayurvĕda gleaned through Buddhism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayana, Ala; Lavekar, G S

    2005-01-01

    The Păli canon consists of three Pitakas (baskets), which replete the Buddhism and is known as Tripiţaka, viz, Vinaya, Sutta and Abhidhamma Piţakas. The original phase of Tripiţaka (Buddhisim started in 544 B.C. and lastly systematized up to 29 B.C. The Buddhist literature also possesses the esoteric material of Medical Science, which is practiced and conserved in India since centuries. It refers to the fundamentals of medicine, rules of good living, which lay considerable emphasis on the hygiene of body, mind. Internal Medicine, curative medicine including symptoms, methods of diagnosis, theories of causation, materia-medica, therapeutics and treatment and skills of Jivaka. Some famous and popular prescriptions are also dealt with.

  18. A Brief Introduction to the Tibetan Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Despite the rolling of high plateau and stunning Himalayas, Tibet has a nickname of “Holy Land” with its ancient history and colorful culture. Refered as Shangri-La, the roof of the world and many more, the mysterious kingdom remained closed to others, exerting a strong hold on the imagination of the world. For centuries, it has fascinated mankind in various ways. Its religion is one of astonishing one. Here we have questions! What is Tibetan Buddhism about? How many sects it has? What about each one's doctrine? Have you ever known its architectures, its religious arts, as well as its incarnation of Living Buddha? People feel curious about its powerful inspiration and cohesive strength,

  19. Esoteric Theravada Buddhism in Burma/Myanmar

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    Niklas Foxeus

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The achievement of independence in 1948 was in many ways a watershed in Burma’s history. At this time, a variety of Buddhist movements emerged that were part not only of a ‘Burmese Buddhist revival’, in which even the government was involved, but also a general re-enchantment of Asia. In the period following World War II, projects of nation-building and further modernization were implemented in many newly independent Asian nation states. The theories of modernization adopted by the rulers had presupposed that a new, rationalized and secularized order that had set them on the path of ‘progress’ would entail a decline of religion. However, instead there was a widespread resurgence of religion, and a variety of new, eclectic religious movements emerged in Southeast Asia. In the thriving religious field of postcolonial Burma, two lay Buddhist movements associated with two different meditation techniques emerged, viz.; the insight meditation movement and the concentration meditation movement. The latter consisted of a variety of esoteric congregations combining concentration meditation with esoteric lore, and some of these were characterized by fundamentalist trends. At the same time, the supermundane form of Buddhism became increasingly influential in the entire field of religion. The aim of the present article is to discuss how this supermundane dimension has reshaped the complex religious field in Burma, with particular emphasis on the esoteric congregations; to present the Burmese form of esoteric Theravāda Buddhism, and to situate the fundamentalist trends which are present in these contexts.

  20. Buddhism in the United States: an Ethnographic Study

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    Jaeyeon Choe

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on Buddhism in America, an neglected area of inquiry in anthropological study. There is a need for modern ethnographic studies to shed light on historical issues, paradigms for comparative inquiry, and thus, explore the impact of Buddhism on modern American society (Glazier, 1997. The enormous growth of Buddhism in the last quarter century (Smith, 2002 makes this an especially pertinent topic in American anthropology. We utilize Glazier’s model to add Buddhism as a topic in the area of modernity studies. This is a preliminary study of the nature of Buddhism in America. We conducted participant observation with a Buddhist meditation group in a north eastern state in the US for four months in the spring of 2010. Based on our preliminary ethnographic data, we believe that a unique perspectives of Buddhism in America can be identified: non-religious and therapeutic involvement or use of Buddhism. Also, new forms of practice become evident, for example, ‘walking meditation’ and ‘bowing to other Buddhists,’ are identified as characteristics of Buddhism in America. It is interesting to note that at the end of meditation sessions, participants not only bow to the Buddha statue, but also bow to each other. This is a unique ritual dynamic which appears to be consistent with the worldview of American people - being equal and individual. The meditation group also practiced ‘walking meditation’ which is easy to do in everyday life. Additionally, we observed that American meditation rooms provide additional cushions to sit on which are a further element, along with walking meditation, which help American beginners to meditate more easily. These study observations shed light on the current situation by providing new lenses from which to understand and focus on different ritual performances/interpretations of Buddhism, and their meanings and functions in society. The most important reflection is that religious change is not an

  1. Is Buddhism the low fertility religion of Asia?

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    Vegard Skirbekk

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The influence of religion on demographic behaviors has been extensively studied mainly for Abrahamic religions. Although Buddhism is the world's fourth largest religion and is dominant in several Asian nations experiencing very low fertility, the impact of Buddhism on childbearing has received comparatively little research attention. Objective: This paper draws upon a variety of data sources in different countries in Asia in order to test our hypothesis that Buddhism is related to low fertility. Methods: Religious differentials in terms of period fertility in three nations (India, Cambodia and Nepal and cohort fertility in three case studies (Mongolia, Thailand and Japan are analyzed. The analyses are divided into two parts: descriptive and multivariate analyses. Results: Our results suggest that Buddhist affiliation tends to be negatively or not associated with childbearing outcomes, controlling for education, region of residence, age and marital status. Although the results vary between the highly diverse contextual and institutional settings investigated, we find evidence that Buddhist affiliation or devotion is not related to elevated fertility across these very different cultural settings. Conclusions: Across the highly diverse cultural and developmental contexts under which the different strains of Buddhism dominate, the effect of Buddhism is consistently negatively or insignificantly related to fertility. These findings stand in contrast to studies of Abrahamic religions that tend to identify a positive link between religiosity and fertility.

  2. The Coming of Secular Buddhism: a Synoptic View

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    Winton Higgins

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Secular Buddhism is coalescing today in response to two main factors. First, it rejects the incoherence of Buddhist modernism, a protean formation that accommodates elements as far afield as ancestral Buddhism and psychotherapies claiming the Buddhist brand. Second, it absorbs the cultural influence of modern secularity in the West. Historically understood, secularity has constituted a centuries-long religious development, not a victory of "science" over "religion." Today's secularity marks a further stage in the cultural decline of "enchanted" truth-claims and the intellectual eclipse of metaphysics, especially under the aegis of phenomenology. In Buddhism as in Christianity, secularity brings forth a new humanistic approach to ethical-spiritual life and creative this-worldly practices.

  3. Between Buddhism and Science, Between Mind and Body

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    Geoffrey Samuel

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Buddhism has been seen, at least since the Theravāda reform movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as particularly compatible with Western science. The recent explosion of Mindfulness therapies have strengthened this perception. However, the 'Buddhism' which is being brought into relation with science in the context of the Mindfulness movement has already undergone extensive rewriting under modernist influences, and many of the more critical aspects of Buddhist thought and practice are dismissed or ignored. The Mind and Life Institute encounters, under the patronage of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, present a different kind of dialogue, in which a Tibetan Buddhism which is only beginning to undergo modernist rewriting confronts Western scientists and scholars on more equal terms. However, is the highly sophisticated but radically other world of Tantric thought really compatible with contemporary science? In this article I look at problem areas within the dialogue, and suggest that genuine progress is most likely to come if we recognise the differences between Buddhist thought and contemporary science, and take them as an opportunity to rethink scientific assumptions.

  4. Religious Background and Educational Attainment: The Effects of Buddhism, Islam, and Judaism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, William

    2010-01-01

    The effects of Buddhism, Islam, and Judaism on educational attainment in the United States are examined. OLS estimates of educational attainment and Probit estimates of college attainment are undertaken. It is shown that Islam and Judaism have similar positive effects on attainment relative to Protestants and Catholics. The effect of Buddhism is…

  5. Education Course Syllabus Development, Thai Language Major According to Buddhism Way of Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waree, Chaiwat

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to develop Education Course Syllabus, Thai language major, according to Buddhism way of Thailand by using Taba's Approach and to evaluate the efficiency of Education Course Syllabus, Thai language major, according to Buddhism way of Thailand. This research was conducted according to research and development format and its…

  6. Buddhism in Čampā Le Bouddhisme au Champa

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    Anne-Valérie Schweyer

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Čampā is a Far East country, whose Māhāyana Buddhism is known from 7th to 14th century. In fact, Sanskrit and Cam Inscriptions mostly attested Tantric practices, belonging to the Vajrāyana Buddhism, mixing Śaiva and Buddhist believes. More precisely, side by side Śiva and the three Buddha’ emanations, Śākyamuni, Amitābha and Vairocana, are honoured in Čampā, alone with the Goddess Prajñāpāramitā, the true substance of the Doctrine, and, secondary, with Vajrapāni, Lokeśvara and Vajrasattva. The confrontation of the epigraphic testimonies with the archaeological remains is very useful to understand the Buddhism of Čampā, crossroads of trade roads between India and China. Therefore, epigraphic and artistic evidences are used to propose a chronological presentation, with a special development on the revival of the 10th century, and especially, the esoteric way.Le Čampā, pays du centre Vietnam, connut un bouddhisme Māhāyana du xe au xive siècle. Les inscriptions en sanskrit et en cam montrent que ce bouddhisme était essentiellement tantrique, relevant du bouddhisme Vajrāyana, mêlant pratiques Śivaïtes et bouddhiques. Plus précisément, le bouddhisme cam montre qu’aux côtés de Śiva sont honorées les trois émanations du Bouddha, Śākyamuni, Amitābha et Vairocana, avec la déesse Prajñāpāramitā, la Vraie Substance de la Connaissance ; on trouve également Vajrapāni, Lokeśvara et Vajrasattva. La confrontation des témoignages épigraphiques et archéologiques permet de mieux appréhender le bouddhisme cam, à la croisée des routes commerciales entre l’Inde et la Chine. Cet article exploite ces témoignages dans une perspective chronologique, avec un développement particulier pour le Bouddhisme ésotérique au xe siècle.

  7. Aloha Buddha-the secularization of ethnic Japanese-American Buddhism

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    Jørn Borup

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The relations between religion, migration, transnationalism, pluralism, and ethnicity have gained increasing focus in religious, cultural, sociological, and anthropological studies. With its manifold transfigurations across time and location, Buddhism is an obvious case for investigating such issues. Hawaii, with its long migration history and religious pluralism, is an obvious living laboratory for studying such configurations. This article investigates Japanese American Buddhism in Hawaii, focusing on the relationship between religion and ethnicity. By analyzing contemporary religious life and the historical context of two Japanese American Zen temples in Maui, it is argued that the ethnic and cultural divide related to spirituality follow a general tendency by which the secularization of Japanese Americans' communal Sangha Buddhism is counterbalanced by a different group's spiritualization of Buddhism

  8. Social and Engaged Buddhism: The CEBB Experience and Lama Padma Samten

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    Deyve Redyson

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to make a historical recovery of the emergence of CEBB (Centro de Estudos Budistas Bodisatva and his experiences as a vehicle for dissemination of Tibetan Buddhism in Brazil, as well as the very trajectory of Lama Padma Samten, its founder, and current religious leadership of this tradition. We intend to demonstrate that the CEBB experience set in a form of social and engaged Buddhism where prospects facing on education, social welfare and the preservation and respect for human rights are elements that approach the Brazilian reality. The lived experience of CEBB also binds to work at great social risk communities, but always connected with Brazilian identities of Buddhism that mirror the altruistic action, based on generosity and contemplation. Linked to CEBB it is also, in large part, the history and development of Buddhism in Brazil that link growth statistics and expansion as a result of social work engaged and universal responsibility with human beings.

  9. Macho Buddhism: Gender and Sexualities in the Diamond Way

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    Burkhard Scherer

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Western Tibetan Buddhist movements have been described as bourgeois and puritanical in previous scholarship. In contrast, Ole Nydahl’s convert lay Karma Kagyu Buddhist movement, the Diamond Way, has drawn attention for its apparently hedonistic style. Focussing on the interpretation of Nydahl’s approach to gender and sexualities, this paper addresses the wider issues of continuity and change during the transition of Tibetan Buddhism from Asia to the West. Nydahl’s pre-modern gender stereotyping, the hetero-machismo of the Diamond Way and the mildly homophobic tone and content of Nydahl’s teaching are interpreted on the background of Indian and Tibetan Buddhist sexual ethics and traditional Tibetan cultural attitudes on sexualities. By excavating the emic genealogy of Nydahl’s teachings, the paper suggests that Nydahl’s and the Diamond Way’s view on and performance of gender and sexualities are consistent with his propagation of convert Buddhist neo-orthodoxy.

  10. Suffering in the mystical traditions of Buddhism and Christianity

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    Jakub Urbaniak

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to explore the mystical approaches to suffering characteristic of both Buddhism and Christianity. Through the analysis of the meanings, the two traditions in question ascribe to suffering as a ‘component’ of mystical experience; it challenges the somewhat oversimplified understanding of the dichotomy ’sage-the-robot versus saint-the-sufferer’. Thus it contributes to the ongoing discussion on the theological–spiritual dimensions of the human predicament, as interpreted by various religious traditions. It also illustrates (though only implicitly in what sense – to use the Kantian distinction – the mystical experience offers boundaries (Schranken without imposing limits (Grenzen to interfaith encounter and dialogue.Man [sic] is ready and willing to shoulder any suffering, as soon and as long as he can see a meaning in it. (Frankl 1967:56

  11. Suffering in the mystical traditions of Buddhism and Christianity

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    Jakub Urbaniak

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to explore the mystical approaches to suffering characteristic of both Buddhism and Christianity. Through the analysis of the meanings, the two traditions in question ascribe to suffering as a ‘component’ of mystical experience; it challenges the somewhat oversimplified understanding of the dichotomy ’sage-the-robot versus saint-the-sufferer’. Thus it contributes to the ongoing discussion on the theological–spiritual dimensions of the human predicament, as interpreted by various religious traditions. It also illustrates (though only implicitly in what sense – to use the Kantian distinction – the mystical experience offers boundaries (Schranken without imposing limits (Grenzen to interfaith encounter and dialogue. Man [sic] is ready and willing to shoulder any suffering, as soon and as long as he can see a meaning in it. (Frankl 1967:56

  12. Liang Shu-min and Buddhism%梁漱溟与佛学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文儒

    2001-01-01

    Liang Shu-min was a celebrated figure in modern Chine se history,famous for his life principle “upright and independent, honest and frank". Speaking from his academic thought, he considered the essence of his thought was Confucianism and Buddhism. From the reasons why he believed in Buddhism, his contributions to Buddhism in India and his comparisons between the Buddhism and Confucianism, one can see that Liang Shu-min's Buddhism thought was not only an ideology he accepted but also the essential motive that he practiced all his life.%梁漱溟是中国现代史上一位著名人物。他以“特立独行、一代直声”饮誉后世。在学术思想上,他自认思想的根本是儒家和佛家。从他为什么会信佛和他对印度佛学研究的贡献及对于儒佛异同的比较等几个方面,可以看出梁漱溟佛学思想不只是他终身服膺的一种思想学说,也是他一生践履的根本动力。

  13. Analysis of Scholarly Communication Activities in Buddhism and Buddhist Studies

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    Edoardo Magnone

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available There is little knowledge regarding the exchange of academic information on religious contexts. The objective of this informational study was to perform an overall analysis of all Buddhism-related communications collected in the Web of Science (WoS from 1993 to 2011. The studied informational parameters include the growth in number of the scholarly communications, as well as the language-, document-, subject category-, source-, country-, and organization-wise distribution of the communications. A total of 5407 scholarly communications in this field of study were published in the selected time range. The most preferred WoS subject category was Asian Studies with 1773 communications (22.81%, followed by Religion with 1425 communications (18.33% and Philosophy with 680 communications (8.75%. The journal with the highest mean number of citations is Numen: International Review for the History of Religions—with 2.09 citations in average per communication. The United States was the top productive country with 2159 communications (50%, where Harvard University topped the list of organization with 85 communications (12%.

  14. [The relevance of zen-buddhism for dialectic-behavioral therapy].

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    Huppertz, Michael

    2003-01-01

    Dialectic-Behavioral Therapy is a specific psychotherapeutic approach to answer the needs of patients with Borderline Personality Disorder. It uses concepts and techniques of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and of Humanistic Psychotherapies. For a deeper understanding, it is necessary to include also its Zen-Buddhistic background. The experience of Zen-meditation and the basic philosophy of Zen-Buddhism will be explained. In the context of the historical relation between Zen-Buddhism and Psychotherapy, the position of the DBT will be specified. Finally it will be demonstrated how Zen-Buddhism inspired the practice of DBT and what kinds of problems arise when a modern psychotherapy uses the concept of a premodern conception of the world and human existence.

  15. Post-religional perspective and secular Buddhism: Stephen Batchelor and the post-metaphysical religion

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    Leandro Durazzo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to present one of the contemporary trends on Buddhism, specially from the last decades in West, for its encounter with the globalized and dynamic context of present societies. This Buddhist trend, the progressive secularization of its traditions and practices, not to mention its increasing acceptance of historical-textual refutation, finds in Stephen Batchelor - a former monk in two different Buddhist traditions, Tibetan and Korean Zen - a catalyzer and a well-known advocate of secular perspective to the contemporary Buddhism. Here we will present the potential dialogue between the Secular Buddhism - besides the secularizing perspectives over orthodox cultural traditions - and the post-religional subject, as proposed by Marià Corbí and the Ecumenical Association of Third World Theologians. For the purposes of this paper we will focus on the modernizing and secular hermeneutics on Dharma practice, as defended by Stephen Batchelor and others.

  16. A Study of Gelug pa sect with comparison to Nyingma pa sect of Buddhism in Tibet

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    Short synopsis and layout of Chapters of the thesis entitled, “A study of Gelugpa sect with comparison to Nyingma Pa sect of Buddhism in Tibet”Around 2500 years ago, a prince of Sākya clan rose against the anguish of life & death and determined to find out the way through which these torments end. That prince was Siddhartha; and whole world came to know him by his enlightened name; Buddha; his path became famous after his name Buddhism. Centuries gone, millennium changed its numbers; still th...

  17. 杜甫与大乘佛法%Du Fu and Mahayana Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张轶男

    2014-01-01

    More than forty Du Fu’ s poems which are definitely related to Buddhism and Zen indicated his satisfaction on being a virtuous man , apprehension of the actual emptiness of existence and seeking Buddhism .we can feel that he studied more thoroughly on the Buddhism theory, seeking on the First Dogma, searching the Unsticking Minds thus showing his spiritual requirements and at the same time consciously and unconsciously carried on Returning Life theory Mahayana Buddhism has been advocating .%杜甫早年即修习禅宗法门,晚年亦“不落旁门小乘”。杜甫的生命意识与人性关怀,深契大乘义学度己度人、悲智双修的精神主张。中国大乘佛法所确立的积极人生的落脚点,转身回向的实践精神,与根植在杜甫头脑中的“民胞物与”的儒家思想不谋而合。综观杜甫一生,始终以一个精神探索者的身份,汲取佛禅智慧,一为“己”求心灵慰藉;一为“群”寻救世良方。

  18. A Comparison of Rational Emotive Therapy and Tibetan Buddhism: Albert Ellis and the Dalai Lama

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, Susan A; Austad, Carol Shaw

    2013-01-01

    This article explores conceptual and methodological similarities between Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) and Tibetan Buddhism (TB). The authors examine some of the values and concepts they share. They compare the two systems on a number of issues: philosophical underpinnings, concepts of what causes human psychopathology, techniques to…

  19. Climate change, economics and Buddhism. Part 2. New views and practices for sustainable world economies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daniels, Peter L. [Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, Brisbane, 4111 (Australia)

    2010-03-15

    The evidence of impending and serious climate and other consequences of an expanding world economy based on fossil carbon energy continues to accumulate. This two-part paper examines the potential contribution of the world view and insights of Buddhism to this search. It presents both a conceptual and practical case that Buddhism can help shape and move towards an alternative and effective paradigmatic basis for sustainable economies - one capable of bringing about and maintaining genuine, high welfare levels across the world's societies. The first paper outlined a comprehensive analytical framework to identify the fundamental nature of anthropogenic climate change. Based on the integration of two of the most influential environmental analysis tools of recent decades (the DPSIR model and IPAT equation), the framework was then broadened to facilitate ideas from the Buddhist world view by injecting two key missing aspects - the interrelated role of (1) beliefs and values (on goals and behavior) and (2) the nature of well-being or human happiness. Finally, the principal linkages between this climate change analysis framework and Buddhism were explored. In this concluding paper, the systems framework is used to demonstrate how Buddhist and related world views can feed into appropriate and effective responses to the impending challenges of climate change. This is undertaken by systematically presenting a specific, if indicative, list of relevant strategies informed by the understanding of interconnectedness and other basic principles about the nature of reality and human well-being as proposed in Buddhism. (author)

  20. Experiencing Change, Encountering the Unknown: An Education in "Negative Capability" in Light of Buddhism and Levinas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todd, Sharon

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a reading of the philosophies of Emmanuel Levinas and Theravada Buddhism across and through their differences in order to rethink an education that is committed to "negative capability" and the sensibility to uncertainty that this entails. In fleshing this out, I first explore Buddhist ideas of impermanence, suffering…

  1. The Ethics of the "Real" In Levinas, Lacan, and Buddhism: Pedagogical Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagodzinski, Jan

    2002-01-01

    Explores the unstated ethics that exist in the silent space between teacher and students, highlighting Emmanuel Levinas, Jacques Lacan, and Buddhism. The paper uses the juxtaposition of west and east to help illuminate ethical pedagogy, and it argues that there is an unknowable dimension which raises the question of ethics in human relations that…

  2. Buddhism, the status of women and the spread of HIV/AIDS in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klunklin, Areewan; Greenwood, Jennifer

    2005-01-01

    The common-sense construction of Buddhism is that of a general power for good; the less positive aspects of Buddhism's power, especially when reinforced by folklore and ancient superstition, is infrequently recognised. In this article we make explicit Buddhism's less positive power, particularly as it relates to the status of women and, by implication, its role in the human immunodeficiency (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic in Thailand. The Buddhist, folklore, and superstitious bases of Thai misogyny are explored, together with its expression in the differential gender roles of women and men. In addition, the attitudes of both women and men to commercial sex workers (CSWs) and condom use is discussed. The implications of these attitudinal analyses to the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Thailand is outlined. We argue that the current spread of HIV/AIDS in Thailand is primarily a function of the inferior status of women, which, in turn, is a function of Buddhism and Thai cultural beliefs. In light of this, some realistic strategies to address the problem also are discussed.

  3. Zen Buddhism and the Psychotherapy of Milton Erickson: A Transcendence of Theory and Self.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Susan Kelly; Forman, Bruce D.

    1989-01-01

    Compares Zen Buddhism and psychotherapy of Milton Erickson. Explores their similarities with respect to theory, change relationship between teacher/student and therapist/client, and acceptance of nature. Compares Ericksonian psychotherapy with Zen-based Morita therapy to concretize philosophical underpinnings of both systems. (Author/ABL)

  4. Pra Na Wa Ka: The Development of Training Course for Continuing Buddhism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phra M.P. Romphothanthong

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Buddhism is a religion that requires meditation, practice, intellectual precepts of the threefold-training such as morality, concentration and wisdom. The purpose of practicing Buddhism is the goal of deliverance through attaining knowledge and wisdom. The Pra Na Wa Ka are newly ordained monks and needed to study both of the scriptures and the practice for appreciating understanding in morality, concentration and wisdom. A training model and guidelines are needed to improve the quality and efficiency of Pra Na Wa Ka because currently most of the monks who are the teachers lacked knowledge and are not ready to act as the Pra Na Wa Ka teacher, because lack of the teaching media, lack of the proper knowledge of the teacher vocational, the lesson plan arrangement, the psychology of teaching, lack of technique variety of teaching methods. Most of the temple had no education administration of the Pra Na Wa Ka who ordained in short-term, within 3 days 7 days 15 days or to one month, lack of the short period course to study about Buddhism, the Pra Na Wa Ka cannot accurately recite the Pali words, the Pra Na Wa Ka who were ordained were not motivated and faithful in learning and low morality. Approach: This research intended to study the history of the education administration of the Pra Na Wa Ka (Newly ordained monk and to study about the problems and need of the Pra Na Wa Ka in knowledge about Buddhism and to develop the curriculum and the training package of the Pra Na Wa Ka in Buddhism. Results: The Pra Na Wa Ka traing course is a curriculum to study Buddhism through 3 training courses; (1 Basic Course: 3 days for initiation 7 days, (2 Intermediate course 7 days for initiation 15 days and (3 Long period course 15 days for initiation more than 30 days. The training courses were accompanied by a training kit to understand the main precepts of morality, concentration and wisdom. The curriculum was successful in providing Pra Na Wa Ka

  5. The Spread and Development of Jonang Lineage of Tibetan Buddhism to Sichuan Tibetan Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Yinlin

    2016-01-01

    Jonang is one of schools of Tibetan Buddhism. In the writings of the historians, Jo-nang is listed after Nyingma, Kadam, Skya, Kag-gu, and Gelug, or is even listed with the smaller lineages, such as chod, gcod-Yulh, and shalu. However, its “zhentong”( view of the emptiness of others) , as “an unique idea on the emptiness in Tibetan Buddhism”, has attracted the attention of many scholars.

  6. Limited Engagements: Revisiting the Non-encounter between American Buddhism and the Shin Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galen Amstutz

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available An apparent discrepancy exists between (on one hand recent interests among non-Asian American Buddhists (that is, persons of European extraction, hereafter referred to as NAABs in inventing a democratic, egalitarian form of the Buddhism and (on the other hand the simultaneous, continuing disinterest regarding conversation with the large Shin Buddhist tradition in Japan. The discrepancy is not best explained by "Asian ethnicity" in the familiar sense. A better analysis considers the peculiar minority position of any relatively "communalist" religion in the USA. The sector of Americans who are currently communalist are Judeo-Christian and are not "shopping" for Buddhism; on the other hand the NAAB sector, which is looking for non-Christian alternatives, may express a surface interest in egalitarianism but at the same time favors individualistic, non-communalistic forms of religious practice. In the absence of deeper cultural shifts, the pattern suggests that social or "engaged Buddhism" in the USA will remain quite limited in scope.

  7. The Northern Dynasties Buddhism and Social Relief%中古北朝佛教与社会救济

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莽萍

    2012-01-01

    The prevailing of Buddhism in Medieval Times not only brought force a prosperous Buddhism status and craft of sutra, but also produced the important Buddhism relief cause. Buddhism was transmitted to China, it provided transcendent theology system and unique systematic explanation to the universe, and its complete and delicate ethic system played a supplementary role to the ethic morality that advocated Confucianism as the main Chinese morality. In practice, Buddhism provided the possibility to the mass to actively take part in public life.%中古时期,佛教盛行,不仅佛教造像刻经发达,也产生了重要的佛教救济事业。佛教传入中国社会,不仅为中土提供了超验的神学体系和独特的宇宙解释系统,而且其完整精致、充满同情的伦理价值体系对于中国社会以儒学为主的伦理道德也起到重要的补充作用。在现实层面,佛教则为民众主动参与公共生活提供了可能性。

  8. 江西民间佛教与女性信仰%Jiamud folk Buddhism and women of faith

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱寅; 王水根

    2012-01-01

    Buddhist beliefs can be divided into two systems: one faith, one folk Buddhism. Women believers to accept is relatively difficult letter. Therefore only folk Buddhism and its closer, because the history and so- cial. Jiangxi is a Buddhist resort since ancient times, popular Buddhism is also developed very well, with a large number of female Buddhist. Social atmosphere limited for women to Buddhism, but also provided an opportunity for them. In the folk activities of Buddhist, women occupy an important position. In short, there is the interaction be- tween folk Buddhism and femal Buddist,%佛教信仰可以分为两个系统,一是正信,一是民间佛教。由于历史和社会的原因,女性信众接受正信相对困难,是故唯有民间佛教与其更为接近。江西自古以来是佛教胜地,民间佛教也非常发达,拥有着众多的女性信众。社会风气为女性信仰佛教造成了限制,但也提供了契机。佛教民俗活动中,女性则占有重要的地位。总之,民间佛教和女性信仰二者之间相互作用,不断发展。

  9. 佛教文化视域下探究九华山佛教音乐的艺术特征%Artistry of the Jiuhua Mountain’s Buddhism Music from the Perspective of Buddhism Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李一卉

    2014-01-01

    With a history of more than one thousand years, Jiuhua Mountain’s Buddhism culture has been inherited and formed a cultural phenomenon. The latter’s formation and development has cast an influence on the heritage of Jiuhua Mountain’s Buddhism music. As a type of Han-inherited Buddhism music, Jiuhua Mountain’s Buddhism music has been widely played in various religious ceremonies. With the lapse of time, it has infiltrated into folk culture and traditional music and thus formed its own artistry. This paper has undertaken a survey of the background of the formation of Jiuhua Mountain’s Buddhism culture and various related music forms and attempts to disclose its music artistry under the perspective of Buddhism culture.%九华山佛教文化底蕴深厚,历经千年传承,已然成为一种特定的九华山文化现象,它的形成和发展也同时影响着九华山佛教音乐的传承。九华山佛教音乐作为汉传佛教音乐的一种,被应用于各种宗教仪式中,随着时间的积淀,其对民俗文化和传统音乐开始渗透影响,并形成了独特的艺术特征。文章就九华山佛教文化形成的背景与各种音乐形式展开调查分析,试图在佛教文化的视域下探究其音乐的艺术特征。

  10. STUDY ON THE PHILOSOPHY AND ARCHITECTURE OF ZEN BUDDHISM IN JAPAN : On syncretism religion and monastery arrangement plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antariksa Antariksa

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Zen Buddhism was introduced to China in the sixth century. After going through a long process in China, finally Zen came to Japan in the thirteenth century brought by Japanese monks. A unique spiritual genius one of the greatest epoch-making events in the history of mankind, which in the course of time has come to enrich the human mind over many centuries. During the process of spreading of Zen Buddhism there were influences experienced by two Chinese great religions, Tao and Confucian. This study will discuss the philosophy and architectural aspects of the Zen monastery arrangement plan. Zen Buddhism is syncretism from Taoism and Confucianism.The layout plan of the Zen monastery temple principally was placed on a single axis and facing south. The typical layout plan was borrowed from the architecture of the Chinese monastery.

  11. Measuring attitude towards Buddhism and Sikhism : internal consistency reliability for two new instruments

    OpenAIRE

    Thanissaro, Phra Nicholas

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes and discusses the development and empirical properties of two new\\ud 24-item scales – one measuring attitude toward Buddhism and the other measuring attitude\\ud toward Sikhism. The scale is designed to facilitate inter-faith comparisons within the\\ud psychology of religion alongside the well-established Francis Scale of Attitude toward\\ud Christianity. Data were obtained from a multi-religious sample of 369 school pupils aged\\ud between 13 and 15 in London. Application of...

  12. Critical Comments on Brian Victoria's "Engaged Buddhism: Skeleton in the Closet?"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koichi Miyata

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In "Engaged Buddhism: A Skeleton in the Closet?" (Vol. 2 Brian Daizen Victoria claims, among other things, that Tsunesaburo Makiguchi (1871-1944, founder of the Soka Kyoiku Gakkai (forebear of the Soka Gakkai and Soka Gakkai International, was an active supporter of the Japanese wars of aggression. In this response, Koichi Miyata argues that Victoria's claims rest on the highly selective use of quotes, and ignore key interpretative issues associated with Japanese imperial fascism and its underlying belief structures. Miyata discusses the significance of Makiguchi's arrest and imprisonment under a law specifically aimed at opponents of the war efforts, in his analysis of critical lapses in Victoria's article.

  13. Indigenizing or Adapting? Importing Buddhism into a Settler-colonial Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sally McAra

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I problematize the phrase "indigenization of Buddhism" (Spuler 2003, cf. Baumann 1997 through an investigation of a Buddhist project in a settler-colonial society. An international organization called the Foundation for the Preservation of the Mahayana Tradition (FPMT is constructing a forty-five-meter high stupa in rural Australia with the intention "to provide a refuge of peace and serenity for all." In 2003, a woman of Aboriginal descent met with the stupa developers to express her concern about the project. While her complaint does not represent local Aboriginal views about the stupa (other Aboriginal groups expressed support for it, it illustrates how in settler-colonial societies, Buddhist cultural imports that mark the land can have unexpected implications for indigenous people. This paper offers a glimpse of the multi-layered power relations that form the often invisible backdrop to the establishment of Buddhism in settler-colonial societies and suggests that we need to find terms other than "indigenization" when analyzing this.

  14. Disentangling the neural mechanisms involved in Hinduism- and Buddhism-related meditations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomasino, Barbara; Chiesa, Alberto; Fabbro, Franco

    2014-10-01

    The most diffuse forms of meditation derive from Hinduism and Buddhism spiritual traditions. Different cognitive processes are set in place to reach these meditation states. According to an historical-philological hypothesis (Wynne, 2009) the two forms of meditation could be disentangled. While mindfulness is the focus of Buddhist meditation reached by focusing sustained attention on the body, on breathing and on the content of the thoughts, reaching an ineffable state of nothigness accompanied by a loss of sense of self and duality (Samadhi) is the main focus of Hinduism-inspired meditation. It is possible that these different practices activate separate brain networks. We tested this hypothesis by conducting an activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. The network related to Buddhism-inspired meditation (16 experiments, 263 subjects, and 96 activation foci) included activations in some frontal lobe structures associated with executive attention, possibly confirming the fundamental role of mindfulness shared by many Buddhist meditations. By contrast, the network related to Hinduism-inspired meditation (8 experiments, 54 activation foci and 66 subjects) triggered a left lateralized network of areas including the postcentral gyrus, the superior parietal lobe, the hippocampus and the right middle cingulate cortex. The dissociation between anterior and posterior networks support the notion that different meditation styles and traditions are characterized by different patterns of neural activation.

  15. Skeptic Spirituality or the Accidental Buddhism of Machado de Assis's O Segredo do Bonzo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilip Loundo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present article is to support the idea that Machado de Assis’ work conforms well to what may be called a non-religious spirituality. For that, the article’s main focus is the analysis of the short story “O Segredo do Bonzo: Capítulo Inédito de Fernão Mendes Pinto”, published in 1882’s collection titled Papéis Avulsos, where the main principles of that spirituality, which is spread all over his work,  are given in a nutshell. In a first moment, we analise the intertextuality between Machado’s short story “O Segredo do Bonzo” and Portuguese Renaissance writer’s travelogue Peregrinação and the Machado’s nineteen century critique of the west’s main universalizing proposals: Christianity, scientificity and Enlightenment. In a second moment, we analise the philosophical implications of the primacy given to ‘opinion’ as an existential foundation and as a constitutive element of reality, in a context of close proximity with the soteriological traditions of ancient Greek skepticism, on the one hand, and Buddhism, on the other. A critic of religion, specially of Christian religion, Machado’s  ‘accidental’ association with Buddhism is symptomatic of a very peculiar form of non-religious spirituality.

  16. Os intelectuais e o budismo japonês no Brasil / Intellectuals and Japanese Buddhism in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Basto de Albuquerque

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumoEste ensaio trata da história da descoberta do Budismo japonês por intelectuais brasileiros, como um conjunto de práticas e sabedorias espirituais, realizada através de leituras e encontros com monges budistas japoneses e/ou imigrantes japoneses. Devido a isso, estes intelectuais defendem uma experiência religiosa baseada numa noção universalista de representações do Budismo japonês, que lhes proporcionam reflexão filosófica não-dualista e experiência psicológica única. Tais intelectuais, através de experiências espirituais inovadoras, romperam a tensão criada pela disputa entre secularização via ciência e a hegemonia católica, predominantes no panorama intelectual.AbstractThis study concentrates on the discovery of Japanese Buddhism by Brazilian intellectuals as a group of spiritual practices and as a body of spiritual wisdom. The study has been realized through readings and meetings with Japanese Buddhist monks and/or Japanese immigrants. These intellectuals defend a religious experience based on a universal notion of representations of Japanese Buddhism, which provides them with a non-dualistic philosophical perspective and a unique psychological experience. Through innovative spiritual experiences these intellectuals have broken the tension created within the dispute between secularized science and the Catholic hegemony, both predominant in the intellectual panorama.

  17. Review Essay: Mortuary Practices, Buddhism, and Family Relations in Japanese Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nam-lin Hur

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Mark Rowe. Bonds of the Dead: Temples, Burial, and the Transformation of Contemporary Japanese Buddhism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011. 256 pp. $91 (cloth, $29 (paper.Satsuki Kawano. Nature’s Embrace: Japan’s Aging Urbanites and New Death Rites. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2010. 232 pp. $47 (cloth, $27 (paper.In Bonds of the Dead, Mark Rowe, who focuses on “the grave as the center of the ancestral orbit” in Japanese mortuary practices, observes that, due to the gradual loss of its gravitational pull, “the economic and social bedrock of temple Buddhism in Japan has eroded to the point where even its continued existence is publicly called into question” (222. Here, Rowe speaks to the decline of what is commonly known as the danka system. In contrast, in Nature’s Embrace, Satsuki Kawano finds that the dominance of Buddhist death-related rituals couched in the tradition of the danka system remains by and large intact...

  18. Loving-kindness brings loving-kindness: the impact of Buddhism on cognitive self-other integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Colzato, L.S.; Zech, H.; Hommel, B.; Verdonschot, R.; van den Wildenberg, W.P.M.; Hsieh, S.

    2012-01-01

    Common wisdom has it that Buddhism enhances compassion and self-other integration. We put this assumption to empirical test by comparing practicing Taiwanese Buddhists with well-matched atheists. Buddhists showed more evidence of self-other integration in the social Simon task, which assesses the de

  19. 佛教的生命健康观刍议%Humble Opinion on Buddhism Life and Health Views

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯小林

    2013-01-01

    Thinking about life and birth and death is the important reason of the origin of religion and Buddhism. Buddhism makes up its life and health view on the base of doctrinairism and origin theory round the thought of life and birth and death. Buddhism's life can be divided into macroscopical and microcosmic life and health view. The two kinds of views become one of Buddhism's life and health views, which show certain social and effective worth today.%对生命和生死的思考是宗教起源的重要原因,同样也是佛教产生的重要原因.佛教围绕着生命和生死的思考,在其“空论”和“缘起论”的核心主张基础上建构了自己的生命健康观,可以分为大生命健康观和小生命健康观.两种生命健康观彼此依存共成一体,在当前社会具有较大的价值和功用.

  20. The Study of Buddhism in Northern Dynasty%北朝佛教研究之我见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张守夫

    2013-01-01

    There are several important issues on the study of Northern Dynasty Buddhism: the origin of Northern Dynasty Buddhism; the Han chauvinism in the study of ancient Chinese history; Northern Dynasty Buddhism is the product of clash of civilizations; Hu troops were a principal part on the spreading of Buddhism; Buddhization and sinicization are double factors in Northern Dynasty national amalgamation.%在北朝,佛教研究领域涉及到几个重要的论题:其一,北朝佛教发源于多个历史起点;其二,放弃中国古代史研究中的汉族中心主义,建构“大北朝”的历史新概念;其三,北朝佛教是农牧文明冲突的产物;其四,“胡人”在北朝佛教传播中处于主体地位;其五,佛化和汉化是北朝民族大融合的双动因。

  1. The practice of mindfulness: from Buddhism to secular mainstream in a post-secular society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liselotte Frisk

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the practice of mindfulness, which has migrated from being part of a religion, Buddhism, to being an integral part of Western psychology. Mindfulness is especially used in cognitive behavioural therapy, but also in, e.g., dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT. In Sweden several doctors, psychologists and psychiatrists use and recommend mindfulness for therapeutic purposes. Mindfulness is used today in many segments of mainstream medical and therapeutic care. Mindfulness is also used outside the mainstream medical and therapeutic sector, in the area of personal development or spirituality, as well as in more traditional Buddhist groups and innovative Buddhist groups such as vipassana groups. This paper investigates the migration of mindfulness from a religious to a secular sphere, and discusses whether mindfulness is a religious practice or not.

  2. Good feelings in christianity and buddhism: religious differences in ideal affect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Jeanne L; Miao, Felicity F; Seppala, Emma

    2007-03-01

    Affect valuation theory (AVT) predicts cultural variation in the affective states that people ideally want to feel (i.e., "ideal affect"). National and ethnic comparisons support this prediction: For instance, European Americans (EA) value high arousal positive (HAP) states (e.g., excitement) more and low arousal positive (LAP) states (e.g., calm) less than Hong Kong Chinese. In this article, the authors examine whether religions differ in the ideal affective states they endorse. The authors predicted that Christianity values HAP more and LAP less than Buddhism. In Study 1, they compared Christian and Buddhist practitioners' ideal affect. In Studies 2 and 3, they compared the endorsement of HAP and LAP in Christian and Buddhist classical texts (e.g., Gospels, Lotus Sutra) and contemporary self-help books (e.g., Your Best Life Now, Art of Happiness). Findings supported predictions, suggesting that AVT applies to religious and to national and ethnic cultures.

  3. King Asoka Temple and the Origin of Buddhism in Vietnam%阿育王的塔寺与越南佛教起源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮春宏

    2012-01-01

    雄王时代褚童子学佛道之说及一些出土的古文物、民间传说、留迹文物等资料在一定程度上说明公元前2世纪之前佛教开始传到越南。本文依据古代历史文献中记载的阿育王建筑佛寺塔与越南佛教的关系及一些相关材料,来讨论阿育王时代印度佛教在越南的传播,既有助于越南佛教历史研究,也为中、越佛教的关系研究提供了某些有益的启示。%Pertaining to the study of the origin of Buddhism in Vietnam,the majority of domestic and foreign scholars agree that Vietnamese Buddhism stems from China;and the consensus is that especially in the second century,Mou Zi played a key role in the process.But that point of view is not taken as accurate and sufficient data has proven that Buddhism had already been introduced to Vietnam before the second century B.C.based on the story of Chu Dong Tu learning Buddhist scriptures in the Hung Vuong era,some excavated cultural relics,folk tales,etc.By analyzing the relationship between tales about temples or pagodas built by the order of King Asoka and the development of Vietnamese Buddhism,and in light of other relevant materials,this paper presents a discussion on the dissemination and transmission of Indian Buddhism in Vietnam,which will not only conduce to historical researches on Vietnamese Buddhism but also provide some beneficial enlightenment to researches on the relationship between Chinese Buddhism and Vietnamese Buddhism.

  4. Buddhism and Ancient Chinese Novel%佛教与中国古代小说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹艺桦

    2013-01-01

    "Fiction"appeared in the "zhuangzi"at the first time and reached peak in the dynasties of Ming and Qing .Ancient Chinese novels have a history of thousands of years .During this time,we can feel a mysterious force which has been always throughout this period of history.It's the fantastic force that Buddhism affacted Chinese novel .The religion transmitted from foreign countries was accepted because of its own mysterious character .This paper will discuss that ancient Chinese novel was affacted by Buddhism at the three aspect of character shaping , plot and artistic expression.%从《庄子?外物》中首先提出“小说”这个名称,到明清时期的长篇小说的顶峰成就,中国古代小说经历了上千年的发展历史。在这幅历史长卷中,我们可以感受到一股神秘的力量一直贯穿着这段历史的始终,这股带有奇幻色彩的力量就是佛教对中国小说的影响。这个由外域传入的宗教,因其自身的神异特点而被人们接受,小说就从这里开始受到它的作用。本文从小说的人物塑造、情节内容和艺术表现三个方面谈谈佛教对中国古代小说的影响。

  5. Buddhism between Asia and Europe: The Concept of Mindfulness through a Historical Lens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara DITRICH

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the beginning of the twentieth century mindfulness has been positioned at the core of modern Buddhism and viewed by many modern interpreters as an essential component of Buddhist doctrine and practices. More recently, the practice of mindfulness has become rapidly popularised, radically secularised and removed from its Buddhist context, employed mainly as a therapeutic tool or applied for the enhancement of well-being. This paper examines the concept of mindfulness using an historical lens, aiming to identify some of the main parameters and consequent implications involved in the changes and developments of this Buddhist contemplative method—from its early beginnings over 2,500 years ago to the present day. Special attention is given to the historical developments in the colonial period, when various Buddhist traditions encountered the main European discourses of the time, resulting in the birth of modern Buddhism. In this period, particularly in Burma, meditation was positioned at the centre of Buddhist teachings and thus provided the grounds and conditions for the subsequent popularisation and secularisation of mindfulness in the late twentieth century. Through an examination of the concept of mindfulness through history, the paper explores whether a critical awareness of historical facts provides a better understanding of the current ubiquity of mindfulness practices worldwide. In addition, mindfulness has recently become an object of scientific research and, hence, it is important to investigate it in different contexts and discourses throughout history, and understand the implications of various definitions, interpretations and applications of mindfulness for the development of modern research approaches and methodologies.

  6. 佛教在老挝的传播和发展%The Spread and Development of Buddhism in Laos

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任珂瑶; 钮菊生

    2014-01-01

    佛教在老挝历史上有着非常重要的地位。从14世纪法昂统一老挝建立澜沧王国开始,佛教就被定为老挝国教。1893年法国殖民者入侵老挝,他们利用佛教来控制老挝人民的思想,遭到了许多爱国僧侣的顽强抵抗。由于战略地位的重要性,二战结束后,刚刚获得独立的老挝又被美国殖民者占领,他们采用更加严密的手段来控制老挝佛教。1975年,老挝人民民主共和国诞生,新政府仍然重视佛教,积极支持佛教界的活动,团结广大僧侣阶层,把佛教作为宣传解释老挝人民革命党的政策方针、维护社会稳定的有效工具。%Buddhism had an extremely important role in the history of Laos. Buddhism has been made as Laos’ national religion ever since FA Ngum uniifed Laos and established the kingdom of Lancang in the 14th Century. In 1893, the French colonists invaded Laos, using Buddhism to control the Laotian people, but met the stubborn resistance of patriotic monks. Af ter World War II, Laos gained independence. However, owing to its important strategic place, Laos was occupied by American colonists, who used stricter means to control Buddhism in Laos. In 1975, The Lao People’s Democratic Republic was born, and the new government still paid great attention to Buddhism, actively supporting activities of the Buddhist community, unifying the monk class, and using Buddhism as an effective way to explain policies and guidelines of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party, as well as an effective way to main social stability.

  7. 禅宗行为艺术公案浅析%Analysis of Performance Art Cases of Zen of Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冠美

    2012-01-01

    通过对禅宗行为艺术公案的解剖,指出不立文字、不离文字是禅宗行为艺术的基本原则,其显著特点是启发式教学、截断思维、肢体语言与口头语言相结合,道具的合理使用。%Performance art of Zcn of Buddhism is indepenndence-of-words and depenndenee-of-words that it is the basic principles. Its distinguishing features are the heuristic teaching, truncated thinking, combination between body language and verbal language, rational use of props, based on anatomy of the performance art's cases of the Zen Buddhism

  8. On Literary Thought and Buddhism in the Song Dynasty%论宋代文艺思想与佛教

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张培锋

    2014-01-01

    佛教对宋代的学术、文化思想产生了深刻的影响,这已成为学术界的共识。宋代之前,尚没有哪个朝代的文学理论如此广泛而深刻地受到佛教思想的影响,而且实现了融会贯通。宋代的佛教已非单纯属于一种外来文化,它已经与中国的儒家、道家、阴阳家等思想融合为一体。宋代佛教是经过文化整合后而形成的中国化的佛教,有着明显的向中国传统文化复归的倾向。儒家深厚的文化根基为中国佛教的发展提供了一种无法摆脱也不可超越的文化基因,而佛教博大的思想体系则将这种基因发扬光大,或者赋予其一种全新的内涵。两者相辅相成,相互促进。宋代儒佛能够在深层次上实现贯通的最根本原因在于:唐宋之后的中国大乘佛教将世界根源归之于“心”这一核心概念。“心”的概念始成为儒学理论的重要概念,而宋代儒学最终由“道学”转向“心学”也证明了佛教的这一影响。有关文艺思想,宋代佛教界所作的阐发甚至较之儒家学者更早,对当时整个思想界产生的震动和影响是巨大的,这包括宋代佛教的“思无邪”说、佛教与艺术中和观、清雅艺术观念和风气的形成等等。%It is a consensus in academia that in the Song dynasty,Buddhism had a profound effect on all areas of academic and cultural ideas.Facts of the world of academic history development have proven that a kind of religion or philosophy thought often go through several generations,even hundreds of years to generate affect on other areas.As a kind of foreign culture,although introduced into China in the Eastern Han dynasty,and Buddhism sinicization highlighting sect of Buddhism had already been established in the Sui and Tang dynasties,before the Song dynasty however,there was no literary theory so extensively and profoundly influenced by Buddhism thought,and realized the di-gestion.Buddhism

  9. Declínio do budismo "amarelo" no Brasil The decline of "yellow buddhism" in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Usarski

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Pesquisas empíricas indicam que o chamado "budismo de cor amarela", sobretudo associado ao budismo de imigração japonesa, está em um declínio constante no que diz respeito a adeptos explícitos. Depois de algumas considerações metodológicas, o artigo aborda os dados estatísticos relevantes. Na parte final são discutidas possíveis razões da dinâmica negativa, em conformidade com três níveis de explicação, a saber: motivos relacionados com instituições budistas; constelações dadas na comunidade étnica; fatores no âmbito do indivíduo.Empirical research shows that 'Yellow Buddhism,' primarily associated with Japanese immigrants in Brazil, is steadily declining in terms of its 'explicit' followers. After some methodological observations, the article examines the relevant statistical data. The final part of the text discusses possible reasons for this negative dynamic at three levels of explanation: namely, internal motives related to Buddhist institutions, configurations within the ethnic community, and factors at individual level.

  10. Buddhism and the formation of the religious body: a Foucauldian approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malcolm Voyce

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Poststructuralist debates around the body have demonstrated how our knowledge of the body is constituted in specific cultural and historical circumstances and in the context of particular relations of power. This article develops this approach to the body in Buddhism and thus attempts to show how the body has been represented within different discourses in Buddhist texts. Implicit in this account is the remedying of the failure in some Buddhist scholarship to recognise different types of bodies (negative and positive and to show how these aspects of the body, as enumerated by texts, operate together to constitute forms of identities capable of being constituted within different historical moments out of the pressure of new social and material changes. At the same time the body is seen as being capable of self modification in terms of that discourse. The term ‘body’ is used here in the sense that it implies not only a physical aspect (flesh, bones, liquids etc., but that it is connected to various cognitive and emotional capacities as outlined in the khandhas (see below explanation of the human constitution. The author's concern in his treatment of the body is to avoid the problems of psychological analysis, as this form of analysis often implies the existence of a psyche or soul along with the ideas of complete individual self-determination.

  11. Research of the Social Function on Ethical Moral of Buddhism%佛教伦理道德的社会功能及当代价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金建锋

    2012-01-01

    The ethical moral of Buddhism guides people to the moral action which is used to deal with something and the moral relation in practice.The ethical moral of Buddhism include five dots.These root in many ideas.The ethical moral of Buddhism has the especial social functions.%佛教伦理道德是指佛教伦理指导处理人与人之间在实践中所应有的道德行为和人们之间的道德关系。佛教伦理道德包含的内容十分丰富。佛教伦理道德与其它宗教伦理道德社会功能相比,既有特殊性也有共性。在和谐社会中,佛教伦理道德具有很强的当代价值。

  12. GAO's Family in Dali Kingdom and Shuimu Mountain's Buddhism%大理国高氏家族和水目山佛教

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂葛明; 魏玉凡

    2015-01-01

    GAO was the family name of an old prominent family in the history of Dali Kingdom. The power of GAO's family could influence all over the eight prefectures and four counties of Dali Kingdom. GAO's family devoted to developing the local Buddhism, and the head of GAO's family, as the abbot, took charge of the famous temples in Shuimu Mountain—a famous Buddhism mountain in Dali. After the study of archives of GAO's family, as well as the stone inscriptions and other historical documents in Shuimu Mountain, it can be concluded that the source of Shuimu Mountain's Buddhism came from the two branches of Exotoric and Tantric Buddhism of Chongsheng Temple. This paper mainly discusses the special role which GAO's family had played in the inheriting system of the Shuimu Mountain Buddhism, and the importance of Shuimu Mountain's Buddhism to GAO's family.%大理国的高氏家族是当时的名门望族,势力范围遍及大理八府四郡。高氏不仅作为护法公积极发展地方佛教,更作为住持执掌大理佛教名山水目山。通过对高氏家族及水目山碑刻、史料的研究,发现水目山师承崇圣寺并修习显密二法,探讨高氏家族在水目山传承体系中的特殊地位,分析水目山对高氏的重要性。

  13. 佛教视域中人的生命层次观%Levels of Life From Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红

    2013-01-01

    生命观是人类对于自然界生命存在的态度和看法。在宏观宇宙的大背景下,从生命存在与进程的视角可将生命分为自然层次、精神层次、价值层次、智慧层次四个层次。佛教认为获得人身不易,应该珍爱生命,重视保护自然生命和丰富精神生命,提倡净化价值生命,提升智慧生命。佛教提倡超越生命的现有层次,通过个人努力不断提升心灵层次,尽量使人生在深度和广度上都达到最佳生存状态。%View of life is man′s perception of living beings in nature .The Buddhist view of life claims that life originates in certain conditions and be divided into natural level ,spiritual level ,value level and wisdom level .Buddhism holds that it is not easy to get personal life and people should cherish life ,pro-tect natural life and enrich spiritual life .Buddhism advocates that we should purify value life and en-hance wisdom life .Buddhism also advocates that people should go beyond the existing life level ,im-prove spiritual level through personal efforts and achieve the best living conditions in its depth and breadth .

  14. The cultural traits of Tang Yongtong’s study of Buddhism%汤用彤佛学研究的文化特质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡永辉

    2015-01-01

    Tang Yongtong considered the development of Chinese Buddhism after the Han Dynasty as merging of different cultural conflicts. And his cultural advocation coincidentally agreed with his Buddhist studies in inner spirit. Based on his own extensive and intensive study of Buddhism, he expressed his discontent with the cultural studies at that time. On the one hand, he focused on some transitional figures in the history of Buddhism, the regional differences in the development of Buddhism and the methodology of Buddhist research. On the other hand, Tang paid attention to interactive relationship between Buddhism and indigenous thought of China, and observed the development track of Chinese Buddhism in the dynamic collision and integration of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. All these demonstrated a strong cultural trait in Tang Yongtong’s study of Buddhism, which was deeply rooted in his questioning consciousness and his exploration into which direction Chinese culture chooses.%汤用彤将“汉以后中国佛学的发展”看作不同文化冲突融合的已有案例来研究,因此,他的文化主张与其佛学研究有着内在精神上的暗合。汤用彤通过自己广搜精求的佛学研究,表达了对当时文化研究失于浅隘的不满。他在研究中,一方面表现出对佛教史上转折性人物、佛教发展的地域性差异、佛学研究方法论等方面的关注;另一方面也对佛学与中国本土固有思想文化互动问题给予较多讨论,同时也注重在动态的三教冲突与融合中考察中国佛教的发展轨迹,这些都体现出汤先生的佛学研究具有浓郁的文化特质。这一特质根源于他追问“中国文化向何处走”的问题意识。

  15. 南朝祭祀与佛教%The Sacrifice in the Southern Dynasties and Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏德美

    2012-01-01

    Buddhistic vegetarianism has influence of Buddhistic vegetarianism, some c far-reaching influence on traditional Chinese culture. Under the hanges took place in traditional Chinese sacrifice during the period of the Southern Dynasties. People started to offer vegetarian sacrifices at funerals and national ancestral temples. These changes have some influence on the later generations, but don' t last long in terms of large scope. And this just reflects the leading position of Confucian rituals changes are recorded in the historical tive stands. materials and books of Buddhism, in traditional Chinese society. These and these records reflect their respective stands.%佛教素食对中国传统文化影响深远,表现之一就是南朝时期在佛教素食观的影响下,中国传统的祭祀曾发生过一些变化,在丧礼和国家宗庙天地祭祀中都出现了用蔬食祭祀的现象。这些变化对后世有一定影响,但从大的范围看,并没有持续太长的时间,这恰好反映了儒家礼制在中国传统社会的主导地位。佛教方面的史料和正史对这些变化都有一定的记载,这些记载反映了各自不同的立场。

  16. Buddhist Philosophy: A Study of Buddha Images for Perpetuating Buddhism in Isan Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thidarat Duangsin

    2011-01-01

    the usefulness of Buddhist Philosophy for daily life and perpetuation of Buddhism in Isan society (Northeast society of Thailand.

  17. 李二曲儒佛辨研究%On Li Er - qu' s Differentiation on Confucianism and Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张波

    2012-01-01

    The thought of Li Er - qu is often considered to be close to Zen, but he is actually the representative against the learning of Buddhism in the early Qing Dynasty. Li' s differentiation on Confucianism and Buddhism is mainly interpreted by means of the philosophical problems such as heart, science, body, function, interior and exterior, stillness and motion, although there are some misunderstandings, but it just reflects Li' s concern and anxiety about the three - religion concourse, snub of Wang Yang - ming's learning and unpopularity of Confucian, and even the worsening of social morals in early Qing Dynasty.%李二曲之学屡屡被认为“近禅”,但其本人却又是清初关学中辟佛的代表人物。二曲儒佛辨主要通过对“心”“理”、“体”“用”、“内”“外”、“静”“动”等哲学问题的诠释,展现其对儒佛差异的思考,其中虽然存在某些对佛教的误解,但恰恰反映了二曲对清初三教合流、王学冷落、儒学晦暗的学术现实及世风愈衰的社会实况的关注与忧虑。

  18. 江西新喻佛教史概论%General Introduction to the History of Buddhism in Xinyu,Jiangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂朋

    2012-01-01

    With the Buddhism spreading eastward,Buddhist doctrine has been accepted and become increasingly popular among the people.Xinyu was also bathed in this flourishing atmosphere,as a result of which,Eminent Monks followed up,famous mountains and prestigious temples emerged one after another.From the Nan Dynasty to the Sui Dynasty,Buddhism in Xinyu achieved vigourous development.Buddhism reached its peak during the Tang Dynasty and the Song Dynasty,but fell in the Yuan Dynasty.And Buddhism got thriving once again in the Ming Dynasty,but unable to recover after a decline at the end of the Ming Dynasty,and even became extinct in modern times,leaving broken stela to the world.%随着佛教东渐,佛法在华夏遍地开花,新喻地区也沐浴在法雨兰香之中,以致高僧大德、法门龙象相继而起,名山古寺、宝刹禅林凌云烁汉。南朝至隋,新喻佛教蓬勃发展,,唐宋之时,臻于极盛,元代一度回落,明代再次中兴,明末以后一蹶不振,近代则法脉中断,只留下断碣残碑。

  19. An Introduction to the Evolution of Buddhism in Datong Area%大同地区佛教沿革概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廉慧斌

    2012-01-01

    特定的地理位置和历史环境造就了大同地区特殊的文化氛围,使得大同与佛教结下了不解之缘。这里曾经是中国北方地区的佛教中心,至今仍保存了众多的佛教文化遗迹。佛教在大同的兴衰发展,深深地影响了这一方的历史与文明,也为本地区的社会和谐和精神文明建设作出了一定贡献。%The unique geographical position and historical environment has bestowed Datong with a special cultural atmosphere, making Datong closely connected with Buddhism. Datong, once the center of Buddhism in the north of China, many cultural relicts related to Buddhism are still preserved here. The development of Buddhism in Datong had a profound impact on the history and civilization in this area, and contributed to the social harmony and spiritual civilization construction.

  20. Reflection of Confucianism, Hinduism, and Buddhism on gender relations and gender specific occupation in Thai society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, M; Weber, K E

    1994-01-01

    It is posited that present-day Thai society is the product of different settlement patterns among Chinese Confucian followers and those ascribing to matrilocal practices. Chinese settled in urban areas and maintained Confucian dogma that barred women from high ranking positions and dictated a women's role of subservience to men. Matrilocal systems proliferated in rural areas. The village kinship system was egalitarian, until a class-state society was instituted and patriarchal systems dominated. At that time, women's status was reduced. Massive Chinese immigration occurred during the mid-19th century until World War II. Some Indians also migrated during this time period. The dominant use of the Thai language forced the Chinese to assimilate into Thai culture. Thai Buddhist practices were open and similar enough to Confucian ideology that religious assimilation also occurred. A small group of Chinese immigrants retained their ties to Chinese customs. The pattern of foreigners' involvement in the Thai economy was promoted by official policy. In the last several decades Thai policy shifted to an increasingly Thai-influenced economy. Other influences on gender patterns and Thai culture were the Hinduism of Indians who settled in Central Siam, the Mon aristocracy, and Brahmin cults. After the Khmers took over control of this region, the Indian caste system and the Hindu belief in Manu were integrated into Khmer culture. Women were considered the weaker and inferior sex and dependent upon men. The kings of Siam followed Brahmin rituals after the 15th century. Buddhism and the "sangha" became the central Thai religious institution. Even today Buddhist monks are given 3 months time off with pay for time spent as a monk, while maternity leave for women is limited to 45 days. The status of women is traced during the Sukothai period (1250-1350), the Ayudhaya period (1350-1767), and the Ratanakosin period (since 1782). Present occupational patterns reflect women's dominance in

  1. 23 March 2015 - Tree planting ceremony Chemin Auguer, by His Holiness the XIIth Gyalwang Drukpa and CERN Director-General, on the occasion of the event Connecting Worlds: Science Meets Buddhism Great Minds, Great Matters.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2015-01-01

    23 March 2015 - Tree planting ceremony Chemin Auguer, by His Holiness the XIIth Gyalwang Drukpa and CERN Director-General, on the occasion of the event Connecting Worlds: Science Meets Buddhism Great Minds, Great Matters.

  2. "All Beings Are Equally Embraced By Amida Buddha": Jodo Shinshu Buddhism and Same-Sex Marriage in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeff Wilson

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Ministers in the Buddhist Churches of America (BCA began performing same-sex marriages approximately forty years ago. These were among the first clergy-led religious ceremonies for same-sex couples performed in the modern era, and were apparently the first such marriages conducted in the history of Buddhism. In this article, I seek to explain why Jodo Shinshu Buddhists in America widely and easily affirmed same-sex weddings in the later 20th and early 21st centuries. My argument is that there are three factors in particular—institutional, historical, and theological elements of American Shin Buddhism—that must be attended to as contributing reasons why ministers were supportive of same-sex marriage.

  3. Psychiatry in Tibetan Buddhism: madness and its cure seen through the lens of religious and national history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plakun, Eric M

    2008-01-01

    Tibetan Buddhism offers the oldest written theory of psychiatry, dating back to the 7th and 8th century C.E. In this article, aspects of Tibetan psychiatry and the Tibetan view of mental illness, including the notion of demonic possession, are examined and compared to Western descriptive psychiatric and psychoanalytic object relations perspectives on mental illness. The mythology of Palden Lhamo is also explored, including the way this Tibetan Buddhist "special protector," or "dharmapala," is associated with the cure and causation of mental illness in Tibetan Buddhist conceptions of mental illness. The myth of her life is further explored and interpreted from a social psychological perspective in terms of its similarities and differences to the life of the Buddha, and to historical figures involved in Tibet's transformation from a war-like state to a pacifist Buddhist state.

  4. As the Yuan Dynasty Tibetan Buddhism Sakya%简论元代藏传佛教萨迦派

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    元代是西藏历史发生重大变化的一个阶段,萨迦派由于得到元朝皇室的扶植,掌握了西藏地方的行政权力,获得了特别的政治和宗教地位,使得萨迦派在宗教教理、文化、建筑、艺术等方面都有重要的建树,巩固了在藏传佛教中的重要地位。%The Yuan dynasty is a significant change of Tibetan history stage, sakya propped up by the yuan dynasty royal, mastered the Tibet local administrative power and the special political and religious status, makes the sakya in religious teachings, culture, architecture, art, etc, are important, sakya was cemented in the important position of Tibetan Buddhism.

  5. Historical Background of Buddhism Dissemination and Its Evolution Characteristics in Xin Jiang%新疆佛教传播的历史背景与嬗变特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李崇新

    2012-01-01

    新疆是我国历史上佛教传入最早的地区,也是古代印度和中亚佛教传入中原的重要桥梁和纽带。新疆佛教传入的主要历史背景,分别是是印度孔雀王朝阿育王时代和中亚贵霜王朝迦尼色加王时代的对外弘法活动。新疆佛教经历了具有鲜明特征的三个发展阶段,一是佛教兴起,占据统治地位的阶段,二是伊斯兰教兴起,与佛教此消彼长的阶段,三是伊斯兰教占据统治地位,佛教虽然走向衰落,但仍然以新的形式顽强生存的阶段。%Xin Jiang was among the first to know Buddhism in China and meanwhile acted as an important bridge and link between inland China, ancient India and central Asia Buddhism. The chief historical background concerning introduction of Buddhism in Xin Jiang was related to Buddhism promotion in Maurya Dynasty in India and Kushan Empire in Central Asia. Buddhism went through three distinctly characterized stages in Xin Jiang, namely, the rise to domination of Buddhism, the rise and rival replacement of Islam and Buddhism, the rise of Islam to domination, in the last of which Buddhism declined and yet still managed to survive in new forms.

  6. Study of Master Hong Yi's Ethical Thought of Buddhism%论弘一法师的佛教伦理思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭洁

    2012-01-01

    The article discusses the basic content of Master Hong Yi' s ethical thought of Buddhism from four perspectives.And it points out that there are two features of this thought.One focuses on the Buddhist which is blended in the Confucian doctrine and the other on the deep belief of karma.Hence the realistic significance of Master Hong Yi' s ethical thought of Buddhism lies in the world harmony and individual moral nurture.%弘一法师的佛教伦理思想有两个特点:一是佛法为主,融合儒释;二是因果报应,深信不爽。其现实意义则在于世界和谐与个人德性修养。

  7. Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism Ideology Performance of Artistic Conception Theory%“意境论”的儒道释思想表现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁颖颖

    2013-01-01

      意境,这一传统诗学中最重要的美学范畴,即是“儒道释”思想共同作用的理论典范。“儒道释”三家思想为意境丰富审美形态的形成做了最基础的哲理准备,在它们既区别又融合的发展中丰富了意境的审美内涵。%Artistic conception, the most important aesthetic category in classic poetics, is theoretic epitome of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism ideology. Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism ideology lays the most basic philosophical basis for artistic conception in the form of rich aesthetic and enriches the aesthetic connotation of artistic conception in their development.

  8. Buddhism Spreading by Sea during the Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties%魏晋南北朝时期的海路佛教传播∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘林魁

    2016-01-01

    印度佛教是中国佛教的源头。中印佛教的传播,通常有海、陆两条道路。海、陆佛教交流,在魏晋南北朝时期逐渐打通。中印佛教交流实现了海、陆环形循环,相对于陆路佛教传播,海路传播研究相对要冷清一些。不过,钩沉中古时期的佛教入华文献,可以发现:自魏晋始,海路弘法的道路逐渐顺畅;至东晋南北朝,外籍僧人沿海路来华者渐具优势。海、陆两条丝绸之路的文化交流,是世界文化交流史的一大盛事。%Abstracts:Indian Buddhism is the source of Chinese Buddhism.Buddhism between China and India was spread both by sea and land,which was gradually opened up during the period of the Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties.On the other hand,its communication was realized in annular circulation of Western Regions,Sindhu,the South Sea,Middle-earth,Western Regions and Sindhu. Compared with Buddhism spread by land,the study of seaways was relatively poor.However,it could be found from Buddha literature in China that the route of seaway preaching since Wei Jin be-came smooth and foreign monks by sea took continuous advantage until the Eastern Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasty.The cultural exchange of the Silk Road over sea and land was the grand occa-sion in the world cultural history.

  9. Suitable Assimilation Model of Culture, Beliefs and Rites Concerning Deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism for Peace of Thai Society in Bangkok and Circumferences

    OpenAIRE

    Phra M.K. Kaewchaiya; Suoneth Photisan; Makhawin Purisuttamo

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: At present, Thai society widely assimilates culture, beliefs and rites concerning deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism by worshipping the deity images at the temples or the abodes of gods in Bangkok and circumferences. A typical worship is to pray the deity for help. As a matter of fact, people should help themselves first and use a prayer as willpower. The purpose of this research were these; (1) to investigate the background of culture, belief and rites concerning dei...

  10. 傩文化与佛文化的互渗关系研究--以贵池傩与九华山佛教为例%A Probe into Interinfiltration Relationship between Nuo Culture and Buddhism Culture--A Case Study of Guichi Nuo and Jiuhua Mountain Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    檀新建

    2015-01-01

    Before Buddhism was introduced to China, change happened to recognition of Nuo as culture subject. Later Buddhism doctrine and art increasingly infiltrates Chinese Nuo culture. After Buddhism was introduced to China, it has unique characteristics which are influenced by Nuo culture.With review and comparation of masks, costumes,ceremony, vocal music,lists of opera, libretto,roles,plot,words for pleading deity, folk custom activities, Buddhism activity, and so on, the paper makes a probe into presentation and internal elements of interinfiltration and influence between Nuo culture and Buddhism.%佛教在传入中国的前期,发生了基于认同傩为文化主体的变化。后期,佛门教义与艺术对中国傩文化的渗透,渐多渐深。佛教在进入中国后出现的许多独具的特征,亦是受到傩文化之影响。文章将安徽贵池傩事活动中的面具、服饰、仪式、唱腔、剧目、唱词、角色、剧情、请神词、喊断语,还有傩村其它民俗活动,与九华山佛事活动、佛教文化进行细致比较和认真梳理,通过地域个案,对傩文化与佛教的相互渗透和影响的表象和内因试作初步研究和探讨。

  11. 从身心观之异看佛教对中国传统医学的影响%Buddhism Affecting the Development of Chinese Medicine from the Difference between Physical and Mental

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李铁华; 王欢

    2013-01-01

    中国本土文化把“身心合一”的人体小宇宙融入“天人合一”的大宇宙,从正面论证了以气、心、神为核心的身心融合观念.佛教以“缘起论”为理论基础,以“空”、“苦”等为基本的世界观和人生观,通过“四大”、“五蕴”从反面论证了身心的空幻性和过程性.佛教传入后,对中医学的发展产生了深远影响.%The small universe of the body and mind harmonization was reintegrated into the universe of the harmony between nature and human in Chinese traditional culture. Chinese traditional culture explained the concept of the harmony between physical and mental which was interpreted with the gas, heart and spirit. The law of Dependent Origination is the basic principle of Buddhism. The outlook on world and life of Buddhism is explained with "Emptiness", "Suffering". Buddhism interpreted the void and formative life with "Four Great" and "Five aggregates" from the negative side. After the introduction of Buddhism to China, the idea of the Buddhism influenced the development of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

  12. Buddhism in hospice care---On hospice care from the perspective of nursing ethics%佛教对临终关怀的参与--护理伦理视域下的临终关怀之管窥

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽; 韩传强

    2014-01-01

    临终关怀是现代学界关注的焦点之一,而佛教在临终关怀方面则有着丰富的资源。以传统佛教典籍为基点,对佛教参与临终关怀的现状、佛教参与临终关怀所面临的困境以及优化佛教参与临终关怀的路径等几个方面进行了探讨,以期提升佛教对临终关怀的参与程度,完善护理伦理视域下的临终关怀理论及实践。%Hospice care is one of the focus of modern science, and Buddhism in the hospice care is rich in resources. In the traditional Buddhist texts as the basis, the paper research on the current situation of Buddhism in hospice care, dilemma of Buddhism to participate in hospice care, path optimization of Buddhism in hospice care to enhance the participation of Buddhism to the hospice care, Perfect hospice care theory and practice of nursing ethics.

  13. 佛教心理学的基本范畴%The Fundamental Concepts of Buddhism Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕国材

    2012-01-01

    佛教是世界主要的宗教之一。其思想博大精深、奥妙无穷,佛教心理学思想也十分丰富。佛教心理学的八对基本范畴,即属于基本观点的有心身论与心物论,认识心理—知虑论与知行论,意向心理—情欲论与思行论,个性心理—性习论与智能论,阐述佛教心理学的八对范畴各自的性质及其关系具有积极意义。%Buddhism is one of the six main religions in the world. It is extensive, profound, and infinite subtlety, with rich psychological thoughts. In this paper, four pairs fundamental concepts meaning and relations were researched, including mind-body theory and mind-matter theory in basic the basic topics, perception -thinking theory and knowingdoing theory in cognition psychology, affections -desires theory and thinking- doing theory in intention psychology,natureculture theory and mentality-ability theory in personality psychology.

  14. Characteristics of PM10 and PM2.5 at Mount Wutai Buddhism Scenic Spot, Shanxi, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhihui Wu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A survey was conducted to effectively investigate the characteristics of airborne particulate pollutants PM10 and PM2.5 during the peak tourist season at Mount Wutai Buddhism scenic spot, Shanxi, China. Characteristics of the PM10 and PM2.5 in Wu Ye Temple (core incense burners, Manjusri Temple (a traffic hub, Yang Bai Lin Village (a residential district, and Nan Shan Temple (located in a primitive forest district, were determined. The results showed that the PM10 concentration was more than 1.01–1.14 times higher than the threshold (50 μg/m3 of World Health Organization Air Quality Guidelines (2005, and the PM2.5 concentration was 1.75–2.70 times higher than the above standard (25 μg/m3. Particle size analysis indicated that the distribution of fine particulate matter in Wu Ye Temple ranged from 0 to 3.30 μm. In other sampling points, the fine particulate was mainly distributed in the range of 0–5.90 μm. The particulates in Wu Ye Temple were mainly characterized by spherical, rod-like, and irregular soot aggregates (PM10 and spherical particles of dust (PM2.5. Manjusri Temple and Yang Bai Lin Village predominantly exhibited irregular soil mineral particulate matter (PM10, and amorphous ultrafine soot particulate matter (PM2.5.

  15. The vocabulary and metaphors of salt in Buddhism%佛教中盐的词汇和譬喻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖鹏

    2014-01-01

    盐,百味之祖,重要的调味品,在人类的日常生活中扮演着重要的角色,被称为“国之大宝”。在中国,盐的历史最早可追溯到三皇五帝时期,千百年来,不断演变,形成了五彩斑斓的盐文化。而在佛教经卷中,盐也时常被提及,产生了一些关于盐的佛教特有的词汇和譬喻,盐已是佛教中不可缺少的一部分,本文将对佛教经典中的盐的作简单整理分析。%Salt, taste progenitor, important spices, plays an important role in our daily life, known as"a national treasure". In Chinese, salt history can be traced back to the earliest period of Three Emperors and Five Sovereigns, for thousands of years, evolving, form the colorful salt culture. And in the Buddhist scriptures, salt is also often referred to, produce the words and metaphor about salt in Buddhist, salt has been a indispensable part of Buddhism, the paper analyzes the salt in Buddhist classics.

  16. Environmental reconstruction of Tuyoq in the Fifth Century and its bearing on Buddhism in Turpan, Xinjiang, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Ye-Na; Li, Xiao; Yao, Yi-Feng; Ferguson, David Kay; Li, Cheng-Sen

    2014-01-01

    The Thousand Buddha Grottoes of Tuyoq, Turpan, Xinjiang, China were once a famous Buddhist temple along the ancient Silk Road which was first constructed in the Fifth Century (A.D.). Although archaeological researches about the Grottoes have been undertaken for over a century, the ancient environment has remained enigmatic. Based on seven clay samples from the Grottoes' adobes, pollen and leaf epidermis were analyzed to decipher the vegetation and climate of Fifth Century Turpan, and the environmental landscape was reconstructed in three dimensions. The results suggest that temperate steppe vegetation dominated the Tuyoq region under a warmer and wetter environment with more moderate seasonality than today, as the ancient mean annual temperature was 15.3°C, the mean annual precipitation was approximately 1000 mm and the temperature difference between coldest and warmest months was 24°C using Co-existence Approach. Taken in the context of wheat and grape cultivation as shown by pollen of Vitis and leaf epidermis of Triticum, we infer that the Tuyoq region was an oasis with booming Buddhism in the Fifth Century, which was probably encouraged by a 1°C warmer temperature with an abundant water supply compared to the coeval world that experienced the 1.4 k BP cooling event.

  17. 马克斯·韦伯论藏传佛教%Max Weber’ s Theory on Tibetan Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚辉

    2014-01-01

    马克斯·韦伯是古典时代的社会理论大师中唯一曾经正面研究过藏传佛教的人。他主要分析了藏传佛教中的圣徒崇拜现象,对活佛转世制度、教会制度和知识与救赎关系都有着系统的见解;还分析了西藏政治与宗教的关系,指出了西藏双重政权的合作是西藏文化得以保存和发扬的必要条件。%Max Weber is the only scholar studied the Tibetan Buddhism among classical masters of social theory.We-ber analyzed the Tibetan Buddhist saint worship, living Buddha reincarnation system, temple system and the relationship between knowledge and redemption .Max Weber also analyzed the relationship between politics and religion in Tibet, pointed out the cooperation of Tibet dual regime is a necessary condition to preserve Tibetan culture and carry forward.

  18. Suitable Assimilation Model of Culture, Beliefs and Rites Concerning Deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism for Peace of Thai Society in Bangkok and Circumferences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phra M.K. Kaewchaiya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: At present, Thai society widely assimilates culture, beliefs and rites concerning deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism by worshipping the deity images at the temples or the abodes of gods in Bangkok and circumferences. A typical worship is to pray the deity for help. As a matter of fact, people should help themselves first and use a prayer as willpower. The purpose of this research were these; (1 to investigate the background of culture, belief and rites concerning deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism in Bangkok and circumferences, (2 to investigate the current situations of the assimilation of culture, beliefs and rites concerning deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism in Bangkok and circumferences and (3 to determine a suitable assimilation model of culture beliefs and rite concerning deities of Buddhism and Hindu-Brahmanism for peace of Thai society in Bangkok and circumferences. Approach: A qualitative research was used for this research. Research areas were these: (1 Yannawa Temple, Yannawa sub district, Sathon district, Bangkok, (2 Lum Charoen Satta Temple, Yannawa sub district, Sathon district, Bangkok, (3 Brahma House at the Erawan Hotel, Lum Phini sub district, Pathumwan district , Bangkok, (4 Phai Lom Temple, Phra Pathom Chedi, Muang district, Nakhon Pathom Province, (5 Sisa Thong Temple, Sisa Thong sub district, Nakhon Chaisi, Nakhon Pathom Province, (6 Phra Sri Maha Uma Thewi Temple, Silom sub district, Bangkok district, Bangkok, (7 Visanu temple, Thung Wat Don sub district, Sathon district, Bangkok, (8 Thep Nimit Temple, Khok Phaed sub district, Nong Chok district, Bangkok, (9 Brahman Temple, Sao Chingcha sub district, Phra Nakhon district, Bangkok and (10 Ganesha House at Ratchada crossroads, Huay Khwang district, Bangkok. Deity worships have been held at these areas for a long time and a lot of people have participated in these worships. A population was the people who lived in 9 districts. A sample

  19. 试论中国禅学文化对中江兆民哲学思想的影响%On the Influence of the Free Spirit of Buddhism on Nakaetyomin's Philosophic Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江小娟

    2016-01-01

    In modern history of Japan, Nakaetyomin was a brilliant philosopher in Meiji period.His philosophic think-ing was influenced by the spirit of Buddhism deeply.There is the strong free spirit in Buddhism.It argued that peo-ple's right to freedom came from love and affection of Buddhism.Through the expedition to the relationship of the free spirit of Buddhism and Nakaetyomin's philosophic thinking, this paper tries to point out that Buddhism is connected with Nakaetyomin's philosophic thinking and it is built into Nakaetyomin's spirit.Buddhism became the important component of Nakaetyomin's philosophic thinking.%在日本近代思想史上, 中江兆民堪称明治时期杰出的哲学家, 其哲学思想受到了禅宗的深刻影响. 中国禅学文化有丰富的精神内涵, 在中日文化交流中发挥过重大作用, 对日本的社会和精神生活产生了广泛影响. 通过把禅学文化和中江兆民哲学思想的关系进行对比考察, 笔者试图指出, 禅学思想与中江兆民的哲学思想颇有渊源, 禅学思想已经融入了中江兆民的精神, 成为了其思想的重要组成部分.

  20. 《佛教文化与国际交流》课程建设初探--以钦州学院为例%Course Construction of Buddhism Culture and International Communication---A Case Study of Qinzhou University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯艳

    2016-01-01

    中国佛教文化是中华文化的重要组成部分,佛教入华是世界文化交流史上的一件大事,当今世界,国际交流日益频繁,佛教文化在国际交流中的地位是不容小觑的。广西沿海地区是我国“海上丝绸之路”的重要口岸,早在两千年前佛教已通过海陆两条通道传入中国。广西是佛教在我国传播较早的地方之一,至今还有很多佛教文物古迹遗存,所以在钦州学院开设《佛教文化与国际交流》课程有天然的优势与现实意义。%Chinese Buddhism culture is an important part of Chinese culture.The introduction of Buddhism into China is al-so an important event in the history of world culture communication.Nowadays, Buddhism still plays a crucial role in international communication.Being a key harbor of the maritime silk road, Guangxi costal area was one of the areas where Buddhism was first-ly spread when introduced into China two thousand years ago.There are still many Buddhism cultural relics remained in Guangxi. Therefore, it’s of great significance to open the course of Buddhism Culture and International Communication in Qinzhou Universi-ty.

  1. 佛禅思想与梁实秋散文创作%Thoughts of Buddhism and Zen as in Liang Shiqiu' s Prose

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景秀明; 卢丽莎

    2012-01-01

    审视梁实秋的经历,不难发现梁实秋深受佛禅思想的一些影响。他不时用佛教眼光看待人间世事,一些散文内容呈现出“随缘任运”的达观态度、慈悲为怀的宽厚心性及勤勉精进的上取心。散文创作风格也以其精简雅致的语言文字和适意恬淡的艺术风格永久散发着醉人的沁香与魅力。当然,他对佛禅的敬仰仅止于顿悟的修行和道德的推崇。他对佛教轮回、斩断爱根等宗教性质还是心存置疑的。%A review of Liang Shiqiu' s life reveals Buddhist eye upon the secular world is reflected in his the influences of Buddhism and Zen upon him. His happy-go-lucky attitude, charity-based leniency and diligent entrepreneurship as embedded in some of his prose works. His essays are, therefore, of permanent attractiveness for their exquisite language and agreeable artistic style. His admiration for Buddhism and Zen is, nevertheless, limited to the practice for "enlightenment and advocacy of moral, for he remains skeptical of such doctrines of Buddhism as transmigration and refraining from affectionate love.

  2. An Elementary Analysis on the Ecological Ethic Practices of Fanjingshan Buddhism%浅析梵净山佛教的生态伦理实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘涛

    2014-01-01

    梵净山良好的自然环境得益于梵净山佛教的生态伦理实践。梵净山佛教的生态伦理实践主要包括精神世界的生态伦理实践、日常生活的生态伦理实践和保持水土的生态伦理实践。梵净山佛教的生态伦理实践仍然在继续,仍然在发挥着不可替代的作用。%The good natural environment of Fanjingshan benefits from the ecological ethic practices in Fanjingshan Buddhism, which mainly consists of the ecological ethic practices manifesting in aspects such as spiritual world, daily life, and water and soil conservation. The ecological ethic practices in Fanjingshan Buddhism continue to exist and play their irreplaceable roles.

  3. 乾隆帝与藏传佛教中的文殊菩萨%Emperor Qianlong and Manjusri Bobhisattva in Tibetan Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林丹娜

    2015-01-01

    文殊菩萨是藏传佛教中的第一菩萨,主智慧,地位极高。西藏称呼中原皇帝即为“文殊大皇帝”。清初诸帝对藏传佛教实行既推崇又限制的策略,至乾隆朝,乾隆帝被视为“文殊菩萨在世间的转世圣王”,他利用自己特殊的地位,比较圆满地解决了中原与蒙藏地区的民族关系。%Manjusri, the leading Bobhisattva who takes charge of wisdom, has a very high status in Tibetan Buddhism. The emperors in central plains were addressed as “the Great Manjusri Emperor” in Tibetan. In early days of the Qing Dynasty, the emperors practiced a coordination strategy of worship as well as restriction to Ti-betan Buddhism. At the time of Qianlong's reign, Emperor Qianlong was seen as “the reincarnation of Manjusri Bobhisattva”. Utilizing his own special status, he successfully solved the problems of national relations between the central plains and Mogolian-Tibetan regions.

  4. 北宋法远禅师与浮山佛教文化的兴盛%Buddhist Monk Fayuan in Northern Song Dynasty and Flourishing of Buddhism Culture in Fushan Mountain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋豪飞

    2016-01-01

    安徽枞阳浮山佛教历史悠久,始于晋梁,北宋时达到鼎盛。法远禅师对浮山佛教道场的声名传扬厥功甚伟。法远禅师实乃禅宗临济宗法系,而非见诸方志所载为曹洞宗传人。法远与欧阳修“因棋说法”使得欧阳修对佛教由排斥转而护持,也促使浮山佛教文化走向鼎盛,名满天下。法远禅师晚年于浮山会圣岩著《九带》传世,叙佛祖奥义,以阐扬佛法。%Buddhism in Zongyang Fushan Mountain in Anhui has a long history, which began from Jin and Liang Dynasties and reached its peak in Northern Song Dynasty. Fayuan, from Rinzai Zen instead of Caodong Sect, makes great contribution to the development of Buddhism in Fushan Mountain. Fayuan preached Buddhism by playing chess with Ouyang Xiu,which helps Fushan Buddhist culture promoted its peak. Fayuan Monk wrote Jiudai in his old age, elaborating Buddhism.

  5. 明初高丽僧人满空与泰山佛教的复兴%The Great Gaoli Monk Mankong and the Revival of Mountain Tai Buddhism During Early Ming Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋铁生

    2011-01-01

    自唐中叶以来,佛教在中国由盛而衰,类似隋唐频繁的中外佛教交往已鲜见于史。几百年之后,在中华文化根深蒂固的泰山,一位来自高丽的僧人满空,通过重建竹林寺,复兴普照寺,在泰山兴佛取得了成功。这是泰山佛教历史的盛事,也是中韩两国在文化交往史上的佳话。%Since the middle of Tang Dynasty, Buddhism began to decline in China, and such international Buddhism communication as that of Sui and Tang Dynasties was witnessing its rarity. Several hundred years later, at the foot of Mountain Tai which is ingrained with Chinese culture, a great monk Mankong from Gaoli, recovered Puzhao Temple, a decayed Chinese temple. It is a grand event in the history of Mountain Tai Buddhism, and also a significant occasion in the history of cultural communication between China and Korea. The paper probes into the abrupt but non - accidental event with Mountain Tai historical inscriptions, local chronicles and the evolution of Chinese Buddhism.

  6. 从《明儒学案》看黄宗羲的儒佛观及其矛盾%Viewing Huang Zongxi's Confucianism and Buddhism Concept Through "Ming Confucianism Case" and Its Contradictions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚文永; 王明云

    2012-01-01

    "Ming Confucianism Case" is a monograph on psychological history written by Huang Zongxi in the Qing Emperor Kangxi years. In this monograph, Huang Zongxi spared no efforts in the Ming Dynasty death in psychology, especially in the implicate of psychology and Buddhism. Huang Zongxi's concept on Confucianism and Buddhism (ie, Confucianism and Buddhism concept) is very insightful, but contradictory, lying in the difference that Confucianism has li (理) and Buddhism has no li. This concept is established on the basis of Buddhism's no li theory, but in real life it is difficult to explain the predicament.%《明儒学案》是黄宗羲在康熙年间写成的一部明代心学史专著。在此专著中,黄宗羲对于明亡于心学,特别是心学与佛的牵连,尤辩之不遗佘力。黄宗羲对儒佛的看法(即儒佛观)是非常有见地的,也是有矛盾的。黄宗羲的儒佛观是以儒佛有“理”无“理”作为其重要区别,这种看法是建立在佛者无“理”说这一理论基础上的,但在现实生活中却遇到了难以解释的困境。

  7. Research on Datong“Buddhism Capital”Tourism Cultural Brand Construction%大同佛都旅游文化品牌建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵彪; 江海旭

    2014-01-01

    大同旅游资源丰富,多为历史文化价值极高的佛教旅游资源。针对当前大同存在城市形象模糊、旅游品牌不鲜明等问题,研究大同佛都旅游文化品牌建设具有重要的现实意义。大同文化特色在北魏辽金,精华在佛教,重点在古都,因此大同可定位于“魏辽佛教文化旅游之都”,以云冈石窟为主体,构筑平城文化体系,以古都为载体,打造大同佛都旅游胜境。%Datong is rich in tourist resources, many of which are Buddhist tourist resources of high historical and cultural value. For the city's image is fuzzy and the tourist brand is not distinguishable, there is much practical significance to study Datong“Bud-dhism Capital” tourism cultural brand construction. Based on the definition of Buddhism tourism culture and tourism cultural brand, this is the first time to study Datong “Buddhism Capital” tourism cultural brand construction, for which we will propose the evi-dences, position the image, establish the slogan, and finally put forward the construction strategies. We wish that this research could be referred by Datong tourism planning.

  8. A Comparative Study of Confucianism,Taoism,Buddhism Monks Systems%儒道佛的僧侣体系比较与现代启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟

    2015-01-01

    中华民族五千年文明传承创新,多种文化圆融共生,儒道佛乃是其主体。然各教信众层次不一,儒有圣贤,道有真人道长,僧有沙弥比丘,他们各守其道,依其道行及所授戒律而分层。各教修行法门亦有千秋,儒教克己灭欲,道教内丹外丹,佛教八道六度,渐行修法。三教共生互通,入教简单,管理规范,主张内外兼修,劝善嫉恶,对个人德行修养、社会和谐具有借鉴意义。%China has a long history of 5 ,000 years which culture is characterized by Confucianism ,Tao‐ism and Buddhism .However ,they are different in many ways :Confucianism features doctrines abided by saints ,Taoism refers to the theories coined and Buddhism is the religion believed by monks and nuns .Con‐fucians stress self -discipline and restrain .Taoists seek for longevity while Buddhists tend to meditation and self -revelation .They have a lot in common because of suggesting individuals both physically and spiritually ,w hich is beneficial to individual’s self -development and significant for a harmonious society .

  9. The Role and impact in the Development of Chinese Buddhism of Ancient Biology%中国佛教对古代生物学发展的作用和影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘学礼

    2011-01-01

    Because of its spirit of involvement in the world , chinese buddhism participated in some sci- ence and technology activities in ancient china, such as biology. In aspects of life form, species variation, plants and animals, human body and ecology, chinese buddhism has played a certain role and impact in the development of ancient biology.%中国佛教由于其积极入世的精神而主动参与了包括生物学在内的科技活动,在生命形态与物种变化、动植物、人体以及生态等方面,中国佛教对古代生物学发展起到了一定的作用和影响.

  10. 内蒙古呼伦贝尔藏传佛教文化资源旅游开发的SWOT分析%SWOT Analysis On Tourism Development Of Tibetan Buddhism Cultural Reasourse In Hulunbeier Of Inner Mongolia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石磊; 苏洪文

    2014-01-01

    内蒙古呼伦贝尔的藏传佛教文化资源历史悠久、特色鲜明、内涵丰富,但尚未得到充分的开发利用进而转化为优质的旅游产品。文章运用SWOT分析方法分别从优势、劣势、机遇、威胁几方面对呼伦贝尔藏传佛教文化资源的旅游开发进行分析。%Tibetan Buddhism cultural reasourse in Hulunbeier Of Inner Mongolia,filled with a long history, distinctive features and rich connotation. This study analyzes the advantages and dis advantages as well as the opportunities and challenges of tourism development of Tibetan Buddhism cultural reasourse in Hulunbeier of Inner Mongolia.

  11. On the Spread and Development of Theravada Buddhism of Jinggu Dai People and its Manuscripts’ System%景谷傣族南传佛教的传播发展和经文系统初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周寒丽; 李莲

    2013-01-01

    目前国内外对我国南传佛教的研究主要集中于西双版纳和德宏,而对景谷地区的南传佛教研究较少,研究中也存在一定的盲点。故而,理清景谷傣族南传佛教的传播历史和发展状况对我们从宏观上把握整个中国南传佛教区的历史和文化是具有一定重要价值和意义的。该文通过对汉文古籍和傣文古籍的分析对比,辅以一定的田野调查资料,对景谷南传佛教的传播,经文系统和所使用文字进行一些探讨,抛砖引玉,以期引起方家的注意。%Nowadays, the researches of Theravada Buddhism in Dai districts are focused on Sipsongpanna and Dehong both inside and outside China, while the Jinggu Dai people and Yi people Autonomous County has received much less scholarly and public attention, moreover, there are some blind spots in the research. Thus, it is important to make clear of the history and development of Theravada Buddhism in Jinggu Dai people district for understanding the history and cultures of Theravada Buddhism in China. In this thesis, the author will discuss the spread of Theravada Buddhism and its manuscripts’ system of Jinggu through a comparison of Chinese and Tai manuscripts with some fieldworks. The author expects that this subject will raise attention from more scholars and welcome criticism on this article.

  12. 北宋庆历名僧援儒入佛新内涵及其思想史意义%Monks in Qingli Period of Northern Song Dynasty Absorb Confucianism to Buddhism:New Content and Thinking History Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪国林

    2013-01-01

    Since the beginning of the Song dynasty , Confucianism had been steady advancing , while the trend of opposing Confucianism became even more violent and reached a peak in around the Qingli period .To contain the trend, monks represented by Shi Zhiyuan and Qi Song advocated to absorb Confucianism into Buddhism by propo -sing ideas that Confucianism and Buddhism was complement and consistent .This activity occupies an important po-sition and has great influence in Chinese thinking history .It extends the field for Buddhism to develop and advances Buddhism in China .Besides , it has far-reaching influence in academic trend , national psychology and the gener-ation of the idealist philosophy which is characterized with the unity of three religions .%宋初以来,伴随儒学复兴的稳步推进,反佛思潮愈演愈烈,庆历前后达到高峰。为遏制反佛思潮,释智圆、契嵩等方外人士不同程度地援儒入佛,阐其“儒佛互补”“言异理贯”“儒释一贯”等观点。这些观点在我国思想史上地位重要,不仅为佛教发展赢得空间,加快其中国化进程,且对当时的学术思潮、以“和谐”“融合”为特征的民族深层心理的形成,及以三教合一为特征的理学之产生,都影响甚巨。

  13. 宋元时期河北临城的密宗陀罗尼信仰%Tantric Buddhism Dharani Belief at Hebei Lincheng of Song and Yuan Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓薇; 张春芳

    2015-01-01

    Since the mid-Tang Dynasty, Tantric Buddhism mantras widely spread in the community, and combined with Dharani into one. In this paper, the author record the text of two stone columns of North Song and Yuan Dynasties and analysis the reason of construction of Jingzhuang. Tantric Buddhism Dharani belief prevalenced in Hebei Dharanifaith of Song and Yuan Dynasties. Two Buddhism Jingchuang provide reliable first-hand information for Lincheng regional culture and Hebei Buddhist culture and Hebei Buddhist Culture.%自唐中期后,佛教密宗经咒广泛流传于民间,且与陀罗尼经合而为一,陀罗尼信仰在僧、俗两界广为流传。以河北临城北宋嘉祐五年的“顶尊陀罗经幢”和元至元六年的《真定府赵州临城县崇法院普润大师寿塔记》为例,分析陀罗尼经幢的建造缘起,宋元时期河北地区陀罗尼信仰的流行情况。两座佛教经幢为研究河北临城区域文化、民间信仰和河北佛教文化史提供了可靠的一手资料。

  14. On LanRe' s Traditional Meaning and Zen Buddhism Connotation in "Quan Tang Shi"%《全唐诗》中“兰若”的传统内涵及佛禅意蕴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈娜

    2012-01-01

    Introduction of Buddhism is a major event on the Chinese intellectual history and the history of literature. Culturally, combination of Buddhism and traditional culture, scholars in literary creation of citation and Buddhism in the Buddha allusion, lan- guage, such as image, this kind of phenomenon also is very common in the Tang Dynasty, " LanRe" that is as an example. But with the ordinary Buddhist allusions it is different, both in Buddhist meaning, and traditional culture connotation, thus has the particularity.%佛教的传入是中国思想史、文学史上的重大事件。文化上,佛教文化与传统文化相融合,文人在诗文创作中大量引用与佛教有关的佛语、典故、意象等,这种现象在唐诗中也极为常见,“兰若”即为一例。但它与普通的佛教典故不同,既有佛教的意蕴,又有传统的文化内涵,因而具有特殊性。

  15. Hanshan Deqing's Contributions to Buddhism Aesthetics and Its Academic Significance%憨山德清对禅宗美学的贡献及其学术意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮朝纲

    2001-01-01

    Hanshan Deqing's famous theory——Weixue Shanyao, has been the principle Buddhists revering since 17th century. His great contributio ns lie in the deep and clear discussion of Buddhism's substance. Under the guida nce of combination the three religious as a whole, Hanshan Deqing spent his whol e life in explaining the classical works of the Confucian, Taoism and Buddhism a nd expounding some important theoretical issues systematically, which made signi ficant contributions to the Buddhism thought history and aesthetics thought history.%德清的“为学三要”之说,成为17世纪以 来三教一体的名言,为后世僧人所尊奉的准则。他对禅宗哲学与美学最为突出的贡献是对本 体范畴“禅”(心)的深入探讨与明确论述。而他毕生实践,则是以三教一体的心性说为指南,以禅家心法遍注儒、道、释三家经典,对禅宗的重要理论问题作了系统阐释,在中国禅宗 思想史及其美学思想史上具有重要的学术意义。

  16. 无我:佛教中自我观的心理学分析%No-self:the Psychological Analysis of Self-view in Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭彦琴; 江波; 杨宪敏

    2011-01-01

    "No-self", the core of Buddhist psychology, gives distinctive opinions on the nature of self: 1) the subtle manas is the root of self; 2) eastern Zen-meditation is the method of self-researching; 3) self is the illusion gathered by five skandha; and 4) "no-self" is the unity of unreal self and real self. Buddhist psychology reveals the truth of self by "no-self', which is a supplement and transcendence to the self research-paradigm in westem psychology.Different from the western self-psychology which takes self as one's consciousness and cognition, Buddhist psychology takes a deeper level analysis on self. It argues that self originates from the mamas which is subtle and can't be realized by human beings. Most importantly. manas is one of the citta that persists alaya-vijnana and regards it as "self". That's why we human beings are different from the "Buddha". Alaya is a concept about the internal structure of the mind beyond the subconscious in modern psychology. Moreover, the "seed", which is storied in alaya, can regencrate, and it is a path that is never ended- one's behavior can be converted into new seeds and be storied in alaya. However, in western self-psychology, libido (subconscious) and collective subconsciousness can only be obtained through genetic, which seems a " bottom - up " process from generation to generation in western psychology.Then, we'll see how "self" originates from manas in Buddhist psychology in the first part of this paper.Empirical Research Methods prevents western psychology analyzing "self" on a deeper level while Buddhism can make it benefiting from a kind of mental experience- Zen-meditation. First of all.Zen-meditation is the unity of subjective and objective in contrast to western dualism. Dualism can be used in Natural objects-researching, but we will find problems when it is used in subjective world. For instance, when we use Dualism to research "self ", we're just using "self " to research "self", and this can't succeed

  17. Eski Uygurca Metinlere Göre Budizmin Manihaizme Etkisi The Effect Of Buddhism On Manichaeism In Old Uighur Texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hacer TOKYÜREK

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Mani's Buddhism, Zurvanizm, Christianity and Manichaeism which was formed by his own thoughts has created a strong followers group in the east and west. These teachings spread rapidly as a result of being adopted especially by Soğds and Tochars in the east, and then by Chinese and Uighurs. But this teaching, which has spread rapidly, faced with other religions or teachings in its regions. Thus, Manichaeism which lived together with many religions or teachings, hasbeen affected by them and later disappeared for various reasons. AmongUighurs, it is known that Bögü's Manichaeism was declared as theofficial state religion in 762/3 for political reasons.Along with defending this religion, Uighurs have demonstratedmany religious works but not as much as the Buddhist works focusingon this faith. In this context, when we compare the texts of BuddhistUighurs and Manihaist Uighurs we can see that many terms arecommon. In the texts of Buddhist Uighurs and Manihaist Uighurs someterms which are fundamental in both doctrine such as Buddhas, theteachings of Buddha and Mani, the world of the Gods, the world of theliving, morality, agony, fate and the idea of time show resemblance orare in common. These terms are compared in both teachings and theirmeanings are given. Thus, it has been identified that these twoteachings show similarities and the terms are used not entirely butapproximately in the same way. Mani’nin Budizm, Zurvanizm, Hristiyanlık ve kendi düşüncelerinden oluşturduğu Manihaizm, doğuda ve batıda güçlü bir taraftar kitlesi yaratmıştır. Doğuda özellikle Soğud ve Toharların ve daha sonra da Çin ve Uygurların bu öğretiyi sahiplenmeleri sonucunda bu öğreti hızla yayılmıştır. Fakat bu hızlı bir yayılma alanına sahip olan öğreti gittiği, yerlerde de başka dinlerle ya da öğretilerle karşılaşmıştır. Böylece pek çok din ya da öğretilerle yan yana yaşayan Manihaizm, çeşitli nedenlerden dolay

  18. 人间佛教与学僧文学创作的入世转向%Humanistic Buddhism and the Attention to the Mundane of Learning Monk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾国宝

    2014-01-01

    Showing the attention to the mundane,the literary creation of Learning Monk has been inseparable from the profound impact of"Humanistic Buddhism".As an important part of Buddhist thought in modern China,Humanistic Buddhism advocated by Taixu has been marked the establish-ment of modern Buddhism,and further has promoted Buddhist socialization and secularization.Before and after May Fourth Movement,the special group named learning monk have sprung up in the Bud-dhist community,which are the supporters of Taixu Thought.They have consciously pursued the at-tention to the real life among the literary works.Facing the country invaded,they have expressed their patriotic feelings.Above all they have bravely faced Buddhist internal conflict and described the tragedy of young monk,so these novelettes have contained the strong sentimental mood that has been the true performance of these writers'own predicament.The disharmony including the diaphragm and the collision between Religious and Secular has been also displayed.They have used realistic technique in order to pay the attention to the real life,which has represented their pioneer awareness and mun-dane feelings.%学僧的文学创作及其所呈现的入世转向,离不开“人间佛教”的深刻影响。太虚大师倡导的“人间佛教”是中国近代以来佛教思潮的重要组成部分,标志着现代佛教革新方向的确立,进一步推动了佛教的“社会化”与“世俗化”。五四前后,僧界涌现出特殊的学僧群体,他们基本上是太虚思想的支持者和拥护者。深受“人间佛教”思想影响的他们,在文学创作上自觉追求对现实生活的深切关注,面对国家的被侵略,不忘爱国情怀的抒发。更为突出的是,他们敢于直面佛门内部的新旧冲突,尝试运用小说的形式描述年轻主人公的悲惨遭遇,感伤的情绪尤其浓郁,它是学僧作家自身困境的真实表现。僧俗之间的隔膜、冲

  19. Buddhism and Monks in Poetry Literature of Anecdotes in Song Dynasty%宋代轶事类诗话中的佛与僧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张培锋

    2016-01-01

    宋代开始盛行的诗话是禅宗语录这一文体移植到文学领域的体现。宋代分别以《六一诗话》和《沧浪诗话》代表了两种诗话类型———可称之为“轶事类诗话”和“说理类诗话”———恰好反映体现了佛教对文艺的两种不同层面的影响。如果说前者表现的是禅门语录“随意举扬,任运不拘”的风格,那么后者则表现了“提唱纲宗,眼空今古”的另一种风格,表现了佛教富于思辨的特点。宋诗话中,哪怕只是一则小小的轶事,背后皆有很多可以深入探究的佛理存在,此种佛理又与诗意密切相关,充分体现了佛禅精神对诗话这种文体的影响。%The poetry literature, which was popular in Song Dynasty, is the reflection of transplantation from Chan recorded say-ings to the literature domain. Two major types of poetry literature, poetry literature of anecdotes and poetry of reasoning, repre-sented by “Liuyi’s Notes on Poetry” and“Notes on Poetry by Canglang” respectively, adequately show the different influences upon the literature from Buddhism. The former displays a free and spontaneous style of Chan recorded sayings, while the latter a different style of obsession with the tradition and discipline, characterized by its critical thinking. In the poetry literature in Song Dyansty, any piece of anecdote is supposed to embody a deep Buddhist truth. Moreover, the Buddhist truth is often close-ly related to the poem, which indicates an obvious influence on the poetry literature from the spirit of Zen Buddhism.

  20. A Summary on Buddhism and the History and Culture of Chaoshan%佛教与潮汕历史文化综论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑群辉

    2013-01-01

      佛教从南朝刘宋年间传入潮汕,1500多年来历朝历代的基本面貌虽有不同,但对潮汕文化的塑造产生了巨大的影响。佛教传入潮汕后,逐渐适应本地的自然、人文环境,并积极参与到社会文化的发展进程中,与社会经济、道德、习俗等相互渗透、相互作用、相互构筑,从一个重要的侧面塑造了特质鲜明的潮汕文化。从潜藏的思想观念到触目可见的文化事相,潮汕文化无不透露出众多的佛教元素,诸如饮食文化中的素食、建筑文化中的寺塔建筑、方言文化中的佛教俗语、民间艺术中的潮州佛乐、礼仪文化中的佛化葬俗、节俗文化中的佛教节日以及组织文化的善堂等,就是其中荦荦大者。%Buddhism was introduced into Chaoshan Area during the Liu Song years of Southern Dynasty and had an important role in shaping the Chaoshan culture over the past 1500 years, during which China wit-nessed changes with different dynasties. After its arrival, Buddhism gradually adapted to the local natural and human environment, and participated actively in the development process of social culture, and thus created the distinctive characteristics of Chaoshan culture from an important side through mutual penetration, interac-tion, mutual construction with social economic, moral, custom. Whether from its hidden concepts or from some visible cultural events and phenomena, Chaoshan culture always reveals plenty of Buddhist elements, of which most essential points include vegetarian in Chaoshan’s food culture, the temple constructions in architectural culture, the Buddhist proverbs in the dialect culture, the Chaozhou Buddhist music in folk arts, the Buddhist fu-neral custom in etiquette culture, Buddhist festivals in festival culture and the almhouses in organizational cul-ture.

  1. 对佛教起源的再思考--佛教:从中国传到印度经中亚、中国汉代西域再回到中国(内地)%Rethinking the Origin of Buddhism Buddhism:From China to India through Central Asia,Western Regions of China and Rrturned to China(Inland)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张如柏; 张玉玉; 张善云; 刘天祐; 杨庆林; 缪迅

    2016-01-01

    A large statue of Buddhas appeared in jades(wall jade,jade and ivory Zhangs,bracelets and so on),ivorys and crystal Buddha heads which weighing about 10 kilograms,forehead embedded ceystals.In the time that the ancient Shu Buddhism popular large scale,many religious people.Originated in China Buddhism spreaded to India,after the ancient Indians (possibly containing Chinese ancient Qiang tribe)processed gradually formed the Buddhist theory of system,nearly 200 years of sleeping,from the Indian spreaded to Central Asian countries in the region,and then spreaded to the west counteies of Han Dynasty of China,finally returned to China,this is the Buddhist backflow phenomenon.%大量的佛像出现在四川广汉古蜀国的玉器上(玉壁、玉牙璋、玉镯等)、象牙上。还发现有重约数十公斤、额头上镶嵌(粘)有宝石的水晶佛头上,等等,说明在当时古蜀国佛教流行规模之大、信教人数之多。起源于中国的佛教传入印度后,经过古印度人(可能含中国古羌族人)加工整理逐渐形成系统的佛教理论,沉睡近200年之后,由印度传至中亚地区各国,再传到中国汉代西域各国,最后回流到中国内地,这就是佛教的倒流现象。

  2. 论鉴真东渡对日本佛教的影响%On the Influence of Jianzhen Crosses the Ocean to Japan to Japanese Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓璐

    2012-01-01

    鉴真大师是著名的东渡弘法高僧。他不畏艰险曲折,前后经历六次东渡,期间不幸双目失明,最后终于到达日本。鉴真到日本后不仅传授戒律,弘扬佛法,建造了日本历史上第一座律宗寺院——唐招提寺,而且为日本人民传医送药,将唐朝先进的文明带到日本。他为建立、完善日本授戒制度,开创日本律宗作出重大贡献。%Master Jianzhen was the famous monk who crossed the ocean to Japan to promote Buddhism.He twists and turns through thick and thin,and before and after the experience of six east,during the unfortunate blind,and finally arrived in Japan.Jianzhen to Japan not only teach the precepts,and spread the Dharma,the construction of Japanese history a Ritsu temple-Toshodai Temple,and the Japanese people pass medical,drug delivery to the Tang Dynasty advanced civilization to Japan.He established,perfect Japanese Shoujie system,creating the Japanese Ritsu to make a significant contribution.

  3. 论«聊斋志异»与佛教文化%On Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio and Buddhism Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡海艳

    2015-01-01

    Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio occupies a unique position in ancient Chinese history of literature.It is regarded as a piece of treasure in the mystery of literature partly due to the infiltration of Buddhism culture.The infiltration is not only reflected directly in the text,but also in the text expres-sion and the ideological connotation.%在中国古代文学史上,«聊斋志异»具有举足轻重的地位。它被视为志怪文学的一块瑰宝。此书之所以能获得如此赞誉,原因之一便是佛教文化对它的渗透。这种渗透不仅直接显现在文本中,在文本的表达方式和思想内涵方面也均有所体现。

  4. Bold and Straightforward: Remark on Denouncing Buddhism Articles by Han-yu%气壮而理直:韩愈辟佛之文刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑亚芳

    2011-01-01

    中唐时期,佞佛风气盛行,全民癫狂,为挽当时之佞佛风气,树儒家之正统,韩愈作《原道》《论佛骨表》等文,文章正气凛然,有冲决一时之效。笔者试论其文气盛之表现与缘由,感受韩文“长江大河,浑浩流转”之风貌。%At the middle Tang dynasty, Buddhism-flattering prevailed that rendered the whole society mania. In order to rescue the country from this abnormality of heretical vogue whereby to set up the legitimacy of Confucianism, Han-yu wrote articles of The Original Doctrine and The Dispute of Buddhist Bone, which merited boldness, straightforward,and instantaneous effectiveness of shocking. This article analyzes his articles in terms of their grandiose spirits as well as their causes,revealing the features in his articles of the "giant river, gorgeous and surging".

  5. 论《金色永恒律书》的禅宗思想%A Study of Zen Buddhism in The Scripture of the Golden Eternity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢志超

    2015-01-01

    Jack Kerouac is a representative of American Beat Generation. He accepts Chinese Zen Buddhism and applies it to his literary writing. His poetry The Scripture of the Golden Eternity is regarded as American Diamond Sutra for its special structure, language style and multi-themes. This poetry is combined with paintings, showing a poem picturesque scenery, and the writer’ s understanding Zen by paintings as well. The era of American Zen poetry begins.%美国“垮掉一代”文学的代表人物杰克·克鲁亚克接受了中国的禅宗思想,将禅宗思想融于作品创作中。他的诗歌《金色永恒律书》以其独特的结构、语言风格和主题思想被称为“美国版的《金刚经》”。克鲁亚克还将诗歌与绘画融为一体,《金色永恒律书》以诗入画,以画悟禅,开创了美国禅诗的新时代。

  6. 佛教对六朝史传的影响%The Influence of Buddhism on Six-dynasties Historical Biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段闪闪

    2013-01-01

    Since Buddhism was introduced to China ,it made an impact on Chinese literature ,including fiction ,dramatic and poem .What is more, it also have an influence on historical biography which can not be ignored .Based on the research of the pioneers ,I will make a study of this phenomenon from three respects .That is to say the image of great men in the Six -dynasties historical biography ,the isto-ries in the Six-dynasties History which is come from sutra and a aseries of stories in the Six -dynasties historical biography which told us that one can survive once he chant stras .%  自佛教传入中国,便与文学结缘。在佛教的影响下,小说、诗歌、戏剧以及文论都发生了一定程度的变化。同时,史传亦受到了不可忽视的影响,表现在六朝史传中非凡之相的塑造、史传对佛教故事的化用以及史传中诵经解脱故事模式的形成三个方面。

  7. 佛教教育理念中“身教”内涵探析%An Analysis of "Personal Example" in the Buddhism Educational Concept

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宝坤

    2012-01-01

    "身教"是中国古代僧才培养中重要的教育形式,是中国佛教教育的精髓。"身教"教育理念历史悠久、内涵丰富、意义深远,儒、道、释三家思想中都有关于"身教"的论述。在当前佛教僧才培养方面,继承"身教"的传统教育理念,并不断创新,是僧才教育中的重要环节。但既然是"身教",意义的表达就相对深隐,所以,"身教"内涵及其意义值得深入探讨。%Teaching by one' s own example is an important Chinese ancient educational modality for train- ing exceUent Buddhists and the essence of Chinese Buddhist education. It has a very long history, abun- dant connotation and great significance. There is much discussion about it in the thinking of Confucian- ism, Taoism and Buddhism. It is an important step in inheriting the traditional educational concept and continual innovation for the training of excellent Buddhists. However, because of its abstruseness and ob- scurity, the idea of "Teaching by one' s own example" needs to be further discussed.

  8. 唐代古文学家独孤及与佛学北宗%DUGU Ji and the Northern School of Chan Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭树伟

    2011-01-01

    Dugu Ji was a Mid-dynasty's Tang Dynasty politicians and writers.He disseminated Confucianism as his own mission.He believed the north wing zen and showed a very high Buddhism attainments.He tried analog Zen and Confucianism,his work has significant history of ideas.%独孤及是中唐时期著名的政治家、文学家,其散文创作是中唐韩柳古文运动的先驱。作为以弘扬儒道为己任的古文家,其思想的主体是儒家思想,同时他又信仰禅宗北宗,对佛学思想研究表现出浓厚的兴趣和很高的佛学造诣。他尝试类比禅宗北宗和儒学之间关系的努力具有思想史意义。

  9. 20世纪以来白族佛教密宗阿吒力教派研究综述%Research Review of Bai Esoteric Buddhism Azhali Religion Since 20th Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    During Nanzhao Kingdom period, esoteric Buddhism was introduced into Dali area of Yunnan. Struggling with and adapting to the local indigenous religious, absorbing different cultural nutrients from Confucianism, Taoism, Tibetan Buddhism, and Chinese Buddhism etc., Azhali Religion was formed. Nowadays, being a unique esoteric sect, Azhali Religion has a history of over 1000 years. It had a greater impact on the provincial politics, economy, culture and other aspects. Since 20th century, domestic and foreign scholars were widely attracted by Azhali Religion, and many research results appeared. The paper gives an overview of the research progress of Azhali Religion.%  南诏时期佛教密宗传入云南大理地区,与当地的土著宗教从斗争到适应,并吸收融合了儒学、道教、藏传佛教、汉传佛教等多种文化养分,形成了密宗新教派——阿吒力教。阿吒力教作为一个独具特色的密宗教派,至今已有一千多年的历史,它对云南政治、经济、文化等方面产生了较大影响。20世纪以来引起了国内外学者的广泛关注,研究成果颇多。对阿吒力教研究动态进行综述,以便大家更全面地认识阿吒力教研究现状,并开创性地搞好今后的研究工作。

  10. Adherent Monks ’ Idea of Pure Land of LingNan in the Early Qing Dynasty and Humanistic Buddhism%清初岭南遗民僧的“净土”理念与人间佛教

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮红薇

    2015-01-01

    明末清初的岭南,士大夫纷纷逃禅,形成了以天然-澹归一系为核心的遗民僧群体。他们笃行大乘菩萨道慈悲悯人、普救众生的精神,充满着对人间净土世界的期冀。遗民僧的人间净土与菩萨行的结合契合近现代人间佛教运动的思想潮流,将二者联系论述,有助于揭示岭南佛教的历史发展轨迹,促进当代人间佛教的融合。%The scholar-bureaucras of the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty in the region of Lingnan altered their views of value and escaped to Dhyana, which formed a group of adherent monks was with the lineage of Tianran to Dangui at a core. They practiced the spirit devotedly of Mahayana practitioners’ path with mercy, compassion and saving all the living beings, which was full of desire for pure land in humankind world. This method that combined humankind pureland with the bodhisattva’s way of adherent monks went along with the ideological trend of Humanistic Buddhism. Hence, this discussion by contacting the two parts is to revealing the development track of the history of LingnanBuddhism, and advancing their fusion with Humanistic Buddhism.

  11. 道禅关系的人文向度——以《坛经》文本为中心的考察%Humanistic Dimension of the Relation between Taoist and Zen Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石丽娟

    2012-01-01

    在中国思想史、哲学史上,人们往往“道禅”同论,“庄禅”并举,这是非常令人寻味的思想文化现象。通过对这一现象的考察,结合对《坛经》文本及老庄哲学思想的比较分析,本文认为,人文思想是道禅理论旨趣和精神境界共通的重要思想契合点,这主要表现在:惠能禅所蕴含的人本思想——对个人主体意识的高扬,对自然修行方式的强调,对自由自在解脱境界的向往——都蕴含有道家人文传统的诸因素。%In the history of Chinese thoughts and philosophy, people tend to discuss the Taoism and Zen Buddhism simultaneously which affords much for thought. Through the study in terms of this issue and comparative analysis of "Altar Sutra" and Taoist philosophy thoughts, this article indicates that humanistic ideas are the meeting point of the objective of Taoist and Zen Buddhism as well as applicable to both. This was reflected in the humanism included by Huineng Zen which are arousing awareness of individual subject, stressing to practice Buddhism or Taoism in a natural way and the desire for freedom, all of these factors were the part of Taoist humanistic tradition.

  12. 古代云南的阿吒力教咒术与超感官艺术治疗%Extrasensory Art Therapy and Conjuration of Acarya Buddhism in Ancient Yunnan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世武

    2015-01-01

    Extrasensory Art Therapy refers to the treatment of anxiety psychotherapy where art is as a means to lead to super-sensory experience. Shamans and believers are convinced that such an illusion is real. This mysterious experience is the core of religious experience of Acarya Buddhism in ancient Yunnan. The essence of Acarya Buddhism is still within the scope of witchcraft;the so-called Tantric Monks who cast spells are just higher-ranking wizards. Wizards of Acarya Buddhism are trying to pass their own religious experience with extrasensory ability to believers, so as to bring a profound impact on believers’ religious life.%超感官艺术治疗是指以艺术为手段,引发超感官体验以治疗焦虑的心理治疗技术。巫师和信众深信此种错觉的实在性,这种神秘体验是古代云南阿吒力教宗教体验的核心部分。阿吒力教咒术虽然披上了佛教的外衣,但本质依然属于巫术的范畴;所谓施展咒术的密教神僧,也不过是高阶巫师而已。阿吒力教咒师以宗教艺术为手段,试图将自身超感官能力体验到的宗教经验传递给信众,对信众的宗教生活产生了深远影响。

  13. 闽南明海法宝禅师与越南南方佛教史%Minghai Fabao-the Zen master of southern Min and the history of Vietnamese southern Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范文俊

    2015-01-01

    十七世纪下半叶,越南南方阮主政权推动国民与外国商人贸易、发展经济、定居等。当时,外国人经常来往于顺化、会安两港,华商也到两港市定居并认识越南文化。因此中国南方佛教随著商船而传入越南南方并发展。因此广东、福建、浙江等省佛教僧人来越南南方传教,而其中的明海法宝禅师对越南南方佛教有很大的影响。本论文研究闽南人明海法宝在大越国南方传教,其宗派、弟子对越南南方文化有何贡献,以及至今有何影响。%In the second half of seventeenth century,the Nguy n lords of the Southern Vietnamese kingdom encouraged his subjects to do business with foreign traders,supported economic development, and gave priority to settlement of his people.At that time,the foreign travellers often visited two im-portant ports of this area:Thuan Hóa (顺化),and Hoi An (会安),many Chinese traders also settled down in these two entrepots as well.They had a good knowledge on Vietnamese culture.Following Chi-nese merchant vessels,Chinese southern Buddhism was spread into and developed its influence in the south of Vietnam.Many buddhists in Guangdong,Fujian,and Zhejiang came to the southern Vietnam for their Buddhist missions;and the Zen master Minghai Fabao was one of them and he was one of the most famous buddhists who had an important influence to the Vietnamese southern Buddhism.This pa-per examines the missionary activities of Minghai Fabao-the Zen master of southern Min,the development of his own sect of Buddhism,the influence and contribution of his followers toward Viet-namese culture,and the position of Minghai Fabao in the history of contemporary Vietnamese Bud-dhism as well.

  14. The Tibetan Buddhism architecture performance in Monan Mongolia under the Qing Dynasty%清政府宗教统治在漠南蒙古藏传佛教建筑的表现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白雪

    2015-01-01

    清政府对漠南蒙古的藏传佛教统治在不同时期的政策变化,致使漠南蒙古地区藏传佛教建筑在数量与规模、建筑选址、建筑形态上受到了影响.为了能够更好地利用宗教来统治,清政府倾力扶植藏传佛教,鼓励广建寺庙;与此同时,清统治者又不希望宗教势力太过强大而导致清政府的统治力下降,所以就出现了各种限制与引导政策,这些政策促使漠南蒙古地区的藏传佛教建筑出现了新的形态.%Qing government policy changed the Monan Mongolia Tibetan Buddhism architecture in number , scale, building siting and form at diferent times of the rule . In order to make beter use of religion, the Qing government efort to promote Tibetan Buddhism temples but the Qing government did not want that the religious power was stronger than the rule , so there had been a variety of restrictions and guidance policies that promoted Monan Mongolia Tibetan Buddhist architecture new forms.

  15. On Emperor Liang Wu abandoning Taoism to Buddhism Three-religions Debate in the Tang Dynasty%梁武舍道事佛与唐代三教论衡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘林魁

    2015-01-01

    It is a great mystery in the history of medieval culture that Emperor Liang Wu adandoned Taoism, which, however, became a special concern in early Tang Dynasty. The article proposes that, rather than commenting on whether the event was true or false, a better way of working out the mystery is to investigate its happenings and functions in the religious and cultural context of Tang Dynasty. Judging from the existing literature, emperors and ministers connected Liang Wu’s Buddhism worship with the national subjugation, which was taken advantage by Taoists who propagated that Buddhism resulted in the subjugation. However, the event itself of Liang Wu’s abandoning Taoism to Buddhism has not been paid any attention to by either Confucianists or Taoists. In early Tang Dynasty, Buddhists responded in a different way to both Confucianist and Taoist criticisms, believing that the event itself was undertaking the mission of attacking Taoism. But influenced by the practice that Confucianism and Taoism collaborated in criticizing Buddhism, the event also functioned in glorifying Buddhism, suppressing Confucianism and diminishing Taoism. The Buddhists’ narration of the event in Tang Dynasty highlighted the adversial relations among the three religions at the time, and the event was a response from Taoists like Fuyi.%梁武帝舍道事佛是中古思想文化史上的一大疑案,但此一说法真正被关注是在唐代。与其斤斤计较此说的真伪,不如从唐代宗教文化环境中考察其发生与功能。从现存文献来看,唐代帝王史臣在反思南北朝政教关系的潮流中,将梁武帝崇奉佛教与萧梁亡国联系起来,道教徒也乘势将此提升为佛教亡国论,但梁武帝舍道事佛并未被儒、道二教关注。唐初佛徒对儒家、道教的批判采取了不同的回应方式,梁武帝舍道事佛主要承担起了抨击道教的使命,但受儒、道联合批评佛教惯例的影响,此事同时具有了

  16. How to Treat Buddhism:the Confucian Doctrine and National Control of Religion%家可出否:儒家伦理与国家宗教管控

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢晶

    2015-01-01

    Since the Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty took “Confucianism as the dominant ideology”,the Confucianism has been respected as the orthodox ideology for subsequent dynasties and various Confucian doc-trines have been integrated into national laws either directly or indirectly.For a long time in history,external and internal religious ideologies have also developed and handed down such as Buddhism and Taoism,among which Buddhism ia the most important external religion in China yet has involved conflicts with Confucianism, particularly for the latter’s criticism on the former’s “destruction of humane principle”.Since national laws have been subject to Confucianism,rules pertinent to control of religion have undoubtedly restricted (but rath-er than forbidden)Buddhism wherever there are conflicts.For instance,there are three articles regulated in the Qing Code concerning “defining monks and female monks”,“privately setting up temples and privately undertaking tonsure”,and “monks being obedient to parents”with a constant change of contexts from Tang to Qing Dynasty but the legislative purpose to restrain Buddhism had never altered.The principle of “restricting rather than forbidding”Buddhism has evolved with the national policy on control of religion.%自汉武帝“独尊儒术”之后,儒家一直被尊为历代王朝的正统思想,并有众多儒家之伦理被逐渐直接或间接纳入国家法典之中。但在漫长的历史过程中,儒家之外尚有释、道等外来或本土的思想流派也在这片土地上发扬、流传。以外来宗教中影响最大的佛教为例,其与儒学曾发生一些冲突,其中较为显著的是后者对前者“毁人伦”的批评。作为被“儒家化”的历代王朝法典,深受儒家伦理的影响,在与宗教管控有关的部分,自然也表现出与儒佛冲突相对应的一些对佛教的限制(而非禁止)。如《大清律例》中,这样的律文主要有“

  17. “基督佛教徒”或者“佛教基督徒”——论默多克小说《海,海》中佛教的价值%"Christian Buddhist" or "Buddhist Christian" : On the Value of Buddhism in Murdoch's The Sea, The Sea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何伟文

    2012-01-01

    默多克在《海,海》中从西方人比较陌生的佛教传统的角度,反观生活在基督教文化中的中产人士,使他们的弊病或者说道德缺陷更为清晰可见,而佛教在某种程度上却能提供一剂良药。本文尝试从佛教“四谛”的核心概念出发,从小说主人公查尔斯·阿洛比及其堂弟詹姆斯·阿洛比的道德成长两方面,对上述观点加以论述。%This essay explores how Iris Murdoch reflects, from the perspective of Buddhism, on the life of the middle class in the Christian world in The Sea, The Sea. She believes that Buddhism can somehow act as an antidote. In the pilgrimage to the Good, Buddhism can provide spiritual power, while its magic elements in Tibetan Buddhism should be criticized. This essay analyses, from the viewpoint of the core Buddhist concepts of the Four Noble Truths, the moral growth of Charles and his cousin James.

  18. On the Role of Buddhism in Cultural Exchanges between China and India:On the Role of Buddhism in Cultural Exchanges between China and India:A Case Study of 2 Monuments Erected duing Dai Jitao‘s Visit to India%发挥佛教在中印文化交流中的纽带作用--以戴季陶访印期间的两块碑志为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章立明

    2016-01-01

    1940年11-12月,戴季陶访印期间在中国学院和中华佛寺勒石为记,强调佛教之于中印双方文化交流的历史与现实意义,这两块碑志已成为中印两国抗战时期文化交流的重要见证。我们将以这两块碑志为例,进一步探讨近代中印双方以佛教作为文化交流纽带的共识是如何形成的,而且这种在特定时期形成的共识是否还具有当代价值等问题。%In order to emphasize the significance of Buddhism for the history and reality of China-India cultural engagement, Dai Jitao erected two monuments in Cheena Bhavan and Chinese Temple in November-December 1940. The two monuments are eye-witness of Sino-Indian cultural exchanges in the WW II. This paper will pay special attention to how the consensus on perceiving Buddhism as a bridge of cultural engagement between both was reached, as well as its relevance today.

  19. 台灣佛教數位典藏資料庫之建置 Digital Archives for the Study of Taiwanese Buddhism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jen-Jou Hung

    2011-09-01

    culture. As part of this program a number of digital archives specifically concerning the history and development of Buddhism in Taiwan have been created. Supported at various stages by the Taiwan eLearning and Digital Archives Project, the Haoran Foundation and the National Science council these archives preserve a wide range of texts and images pertaining to Buddhism in Taiwan from its inception in the 17th century to the present day. This paper describes the creation principles and scope of these digital collections.

  20. The Core Values of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism and the Implied Eco-Ethical Thoughts%略论儒道释核心价值观及其生态伦理思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗泽华

    2013-01-01

      忠恕是儒家的核心价值观,也是做人做事的根本法则。清净是道家的核心思想,也是产生大德大智,谋求人与自然和谐的核心理念。慈悲是佛教大乘之根本,也是超越自我,提升境界,追求众生平等,给乐拔苦的不二法门。儒道释诸教的核心思想可以相互印证,并生成大智大慧。在生态危机严峻的今天,要谋求人与自然的和谐,追求幸福祥和的生活,需要挖掘儒道释的智慧,构建生态伦理,才能促进自然界的和谐与持续,建设人类与众生真诚、平等、幸福、祥和、持续的地球家园。%Loyalty and forgiveness are the core values of Confucianism, and the fundamental principles of acting and behaving. Moral character and desire -free, the core values of Taoism, are the core principles of generating superb morality and intelligence, and of achieving a harmony between humanity and nature. Benignity and charity, the basis of Buddhism, are the only way of surpassing oneself, improving one's qualities, striving for equality of all the creatures, and giving happiness and removing sufferings. The core thoughts of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism corroborate each other, and generate superb intelligence and wisdom. In modern times, the serious eco-crisis requires digging intelligence and wisdom from Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism so as to achieve a harmony between humanity and nature, seek a happy and peaceful life, construct eco-ethics, and execute eco-engineering in the enterprise.

  1. 内道外佛:许地山的文学世界%The Literature World of Xu Dishan. Taoism on the Inside and Buddhism on the Outside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿宝强

    2012-01-01

    许地山的文学世界诸教杂糅,佛教色彩最为明显,这只是表面。道家思想才是许地山作品的内核,他笔下的女性形象昭示着道家的理想人格模式和道家的人生哲学模式。%The literature world of Xu Dishan is a mixture of religions, with Buddhism appearing the most obvious. Actually, Daoism is the root of his literary works. The female images of his works re- veal the ideal personality model and philosophy of life of the Taoism.

  2. 密教传播与宋元泉州石造多宝塔%Research on the Communication of Esoteric Buddhism and Quanzhou Stone Duobao Pagoda in Song and Yuan Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫爱宾

    2012-01-01

    As an important town of the Sea Silk Road, Quanzhou was famous for its brilliant maritime transport history and abundant multieuhural. Quanzhou was influenced by overseas cultural, including the Indian culture and Esoteric Buddhism. The 13th century invasion of the islamic in India made exodus of large numbers of tantra monks, corresponds to the frequent transportation between China and India during this period, lots of monks im- migrated to Quanzhou. They made significant impact on esotericism in Quanzhou. There are a large number of architectural monuments influenced by Es- oteric Buddhism, including Buddhist sculptures, Sanskrit seed figure, Quanzhou Kaiyuan temple, etc. Esoteric Buddhism especially influenced the stone Building of Song and Yuan dynasty, including Baoqieyin Pagoda, Duobao Pagoda and stone pillar column. In the Song and Yuan period the impact of Es- oteric Buddhism showed a trend of more intense effect and greater number of remains as time goes by. These trends were synchronous with the Quanzhou overseas transport development and prosperity gradually. This paper, taking the Duobao Pagoda in Song and Yuan dynasty as example, reveals these trends by systematic fieldwork and site investigation.%地处海上交通要道的泉州历来受到海外文化影响.亦包括印度文化及密教的渗透;13世纪伊斯兰世界对印度的入侵使大量密教僧人外逃,与这一时期中印海上交通频繁相对应,对泉州的影响也更为明显。泉州传统建筑遗迹中,有大量受到密教的影响,除在造像、梵文种子图及开元寺大殿等木构建筑中有所体现外,更多表现在宋元时期的石建筑中,如宝箧印塔、多宝塔、石经幢等;其时间段集中在宋元时期,且随着时间推移呈现出影响更浓厚、遗迹数量更多的趋势;这一趋势表现出与泉州海外交通发展渐趋繁荣的同步性。本文通过较系统的现场调研,以宋元泉州石造多宝塔为例

  3. 中国俄罗斯侨民文学中儒释道文化研究%Study on Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism Culture in Chinese Russian Immigrant Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳菊; 苗慧

    2012-01-01

    中国俄罗斯侨民文学是伴随着俄罗斯侨民在中国的定居而产生的。顾名思义,中国俄罗斯侨民文学是俄罗斯的作家以中国社会环境为背景而创作出来的文学作品。泱泱五千年的中华文明史,将博大精深的儒释道文化融于一身,形成了具有独特意蕴的中国传统文化。它不仅影响着整个中华民族的意识形态,同时也对生活在中国半个世纪之久的俄侨作家产生了一定的影响。文章以文本分析形式解读、梳理中国俄侨作品中的中国儒释道文化。%Russian immigrant literature came into being with the settlement of exiled Russians in China. Thus, the so - called Russian immigrant literature in China refers to the literary works written by Russian writers set in the Chinese society. Based on the immemion of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism culture, China with 5,000 years of civilization has developed its own peeullar and profound traditional culture, which not only affects the ideology of the whole Chinese nation, but makes a certain impact on the Russian writers living in China for more than half a century. The paper delves into the Confueianism t Buddhism, and Tanism euhure in the Russian immigrant literary works in China by using text analysis techniques.

  4. 禅武合一对少林寺体育旅游可持续发展的支持研究%Research on Combining Buddhism With Wushu to Support Sustainable Development of Shaolin Temple Sports Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨木森

    2015-01-01

    The greatest characteristic of the Shaolin Wushu is Buddhism combined with Wushu.This combination plays a tremendous boost role of the Shaolin Temple sports tourism culture.However,there exist some problems with Shaolin Temple sports tourism,such as little experience with sport on the part of the tourists and a lack of fea-ture of sports tourism products etc.A sustainable development of Shaolin Temple sports tourism can be realized by way of carrying out religious research tourism,highlighting the cultural connotation of Buddhism and Wushu,rea-sonably controlling the flow of tourists,improving the sports tourism environment,displaying fully the cultural at-mosphere of Zen and upgrading the quality of the cultural products.%少林武术最大的特点是禅武合一。禅武合一对少林寺体育旅游文化具有很大的助推作用。少林寺体育旅游存在游客体验性低、体育旅游产品特色不突出等问题。开展宗教修学旅游,彰显禅武文化内涵;合理控制游客流量,改善体育旅游环境;彰显禅宗文化氛围,提升文化旅游品位,是实现少林寺体育旅游可持续发展的重要途径。

  5. 真佛山宗教文化旅游资源开发策略探析%Research on Strategy for Developing Tourism Resources of Religion in True Buddhism Mountain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈怀松; 罗昌印

    2014-01-01

    The Dehua Temple in the True Buddhism Mountain is an important group of Temples in Northeast Sichuan, which was constructed or destroyed in the past 200 years,but now becomes a considerable scale and local characteristics of temple buildings.The architectural layout,religious principles,supernatural belief,folk custom activity and heritages of landscape makes up special religious culture of True Buddhism Mountain scenic spot.The development of its tourism resources should be based on obj ective understanding and comprehensive arrangement,follow the rules of using history cultural landscape and religious culture,face the problems and shortcomings of the developing process,highlight charac-teristics of religion cultural,and take reasonable measures to protect and develop.%真佛山德化寺是川东北地区重要的宗教寺庙群,经200多年创建宏法、兴衰存毁,至今已形成了颇具规模和地方特色的庙群建筑,其建筑布局、宗教义理、神灵信仰、民俗活动以及大量的艺术景观遗存构成了真佛山景区独特的宗教文化资源。对真佛山宗教文化资源的旅游开发应建立在客观认识和全面整理的基础上,遵循历史人文景观和宗教文化的利用规律,正视开发过程中的问题和弊病,突出宗教文化特色,并采取规范合理的手段进行保护和开发。

  6. Tibetan Buddhism Booming in Aba

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    TibetanBuddhismBoominginAbaZHANGLIHEAbainSichuanProvinceislongfamedasSnowMountainandGrasland.LocatedinsoutheastoftheQinghaiT...

  7. A Research on the Value of Historical Materials of Fozu Tongji (General History of Chinese Buddhism)-Fayun Tongsaizhi ---Taking the Song Dynasty as an Example%《佛祖统纪·法运通塞志》史料价值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙敬阳

    2012-01-01

    The Fozu Tongji (A Chronicle of the Patriarch of Buddhism) is an important Buddhist history book compiled By Zhipan (1220-1275), a Buddhist in the Song Dynasty. The book cited extensively, rich in content, and with a very high historical value. Fayun Tongsaizhi is the largest portion of Fozu Tongji, in which it records a lot of secular historical events in addition to the detailed records of Buddhism through quoting a large number of classics of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism and other secular history books, tablet inscripticns and collected works, which has a high value in researching political and religious relationship and adding the official contents.%《佛祖统纪》是宋代僧人志磐编撰的一部重要的佛教史籍,该书征引广泛,内容丰富,具有很高的史料价值。《法运通塞志》是《佛祖统纪》中份量最大的部分,该部分征引儒释道经典及其它世俗史书、碑文、文集,史料来源广泛,除记载佛教史事外,还记载了很多世俗史事,对研究政教关系,补充正史内容具有很高的价值。

  8. 傣族南传佛教壁画“活态”发展的对策与途径%Solutions of Living Development of Dai’s Theravada Buddhism Frescos

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安佳

    2015-01-01

    傣族南传佛教壁画是一种“活态”艺术。在当下,佛寺修缮兴建使许多具有历史和文化价值的壁画消失。傣族本土画工的缺失,在使模仿境外现代壁画样式成为一种时尚的同时,也让壁画创作中的本土因素或传统样式变得式微。而宗教活动中商业化或消费式的倾向,不仅导致神圣的诵经、赕佛等宗教仪式变得世俗化,也使相关的壁画绘制沾上了功利主义的色彩。如何解决壁画的保护与发展、传承与创新问题,如何使傣族南传佛教壁画能够可持续性地健康发展,本文针对上述问题探讨了相关的对策与途径。%Dai’s Theravada Buddhism frescos are a kind of living art. A number of frescos with high historical and cultural value have been in danger of dying out today. The lack of local Dai’s painters undermines the traditional style and elements in fresco creation, while give abroad modern fresco imitation opportunities to become fashion. What’s more, the inclination of commercialization or consumption leads to not only the mundane trend of religious rites such as holy chanting and Danfo but also utilitarianism of fresco painting. The article discusses the solutions to the problems of frescos’ protection and develop-ment, inheritance and creativity, and the sustainable development of Dai’s Therava-da Buddhism Frescos.

  9. 日本寺社建筑美学特征之东亚传统建筑观%The Traditional East Asian Architectural Philosophy and Aesthetics of Japanese Buddhism Temples and Shinto Shrines Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵继中

    2013-01-01

    Through nearly a thousand years of development, traditional Japanese architecture established its own unique special form and artistic style under the background of East Asian traditional architecture. This paper, with examples of Japanese Buddhism temples and Shinto shrines architecture, analyses its development background, historical evolvements, form features, and artistic style. The paper also explores the ideological root of the formation of Japanese traditional architectural style, and summarizes Japanese architectural philosophy within the context of traditional architecture in East Asia.%日本传统建筑经历千年发展,在东亚传统建筑的大范畴下形成了自己独特的表现形式及艺术风格.以日本寺社建筑为代表,对其发展背景、历史变迁、形式特点及艺术风格等进行分析,由此探寻日本传统建筑风格形成的深邃思想根源,从美学特征的角度,总结其基于东亚传统建筑背景且具有日本特性的建筑观

  10. The Main Causes for the Mixture of Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Sorcery in Guizhou Nuo Culture%论贵州傩文化佛道儒巫混杂现象的主要原因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王路平

    2012-01-01

    The causes for the mixture of Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Sorcery in Guizhou Nuo culture are complicated, which are closely related to local politics, economy, history, geography, and cultural conventions, and are the result of the combination of all these factors. This paper proposes five causes for this phenomenon presented as follows : 1. the culture of Guizhou Sorcery ; 2. the influence of the combination of three religions ; 3. the support from the minority hereditary headmen and officials ; 4. the restriction of the closed terri- torial environment; and 5. the need in people~ psychology and emotions.%贵州傩文化最终形成佛道儒巫混杂合流的文化格局,其原因极为复杂,它的形成几乎与贵州本土的政治、经济、历史、地理以及文化习俗的方方面面分不开,是这些诸多因素糅舍的结果。主要原因有五:一、贵州巫教文化的传统;二、中原三教合一的影响;三、黔中土司流官的提倡;四、封闭地域环境的制约;五、民众心理情感的需要。

  11. Avoidance and Use of Buddhism Words in Hui Muslims Language in Northwest China%西北回族话对汉语佛教词的回避与化用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李生信

    2014-01-01

    In Hui Muslims’ Language, because of religious taboo and ethnic customs, some words of Buddhism in Chinese are avoided, even being refused to use in their daily life, yet some of them are kept in their daily life unconscious-ly, of which are embodied with meanings of Islam.The avoidance and use of these words is the expression of communica-tion of language and culture.%在西北回族话中,由于宗教禁忌或民族习俗等原因,对汉语中的某些佛教词采用了回避,甚至排斥的态度,但又有意或者无意地保留了一些原本属于表达佛教意义的词,只是在使用这些汉语佛教词时,赋予了伊斯兰教内容。这种词语的回避和化用,是语言接触与文化兼容在语言中的表现。

  12. 藏传佛教文化与藏学研究--访西北民族大学嘎藏陀美教授%Tibetan Buddhism Culture and Tibetan Studies-an interview of Professor Gyesang Togme from Northwest University for Nationalities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    索南

    2015-01-01

    嘎藏陀美教授长期从事藏传佛教研究与敦煌古藏文文献的整理、研究及教学工作,主持国家社科基金重大招标项目《藏传佛教大辞典》的编纂工作等多项省部级以上项目,在藏传佛教研究及藏文古籍文献整理等方面作出了重要贡献。文章对嘎藏陀美教授进行了专访。他认为,在历史发展过程中,藏传佛教文化成为藏族文化的重要组成部分,学习和研究中关注藏传佛教文化和非佛教文化的内容,要拓展各自的发展领域,为藏族世俗文化的发展提供机遇。藏文古籍是无价之宝,整理过程中要遵循的主要原则,一是要保持、尊重古籍原貌,如实进行整理;二是要进行注释。对其中的疑点、难点、讹误、省缺,甚至古今文字演变规律等问题进行通俗易懂的现代注释和校正,更好地挖掘古籍的价值。年轻一代要学习前辈班智达和翻译家的治学精神、奉献精神,需要高质量地翻译一系列科学知识和文化研究成果,丰富和发展藏民族世俗文化。%Professors Gyesang Togme has engaged in Tibetan Buddhism studies as well as the research and teaching of ancient Tibetan documents of Dunhuang. He directed a major national project of social sciences, namely the compilation of the Tibetan Buddhism Dictionary, and many other provincial projects. He has made important contributions to Tibetan Buddhism studies and Tibetan ancient books and literature sorting. This arti⁃cle contains an interview of Professor Gyesang Togme on his academic ideas. In his view, he thinks in the course of historical development, Tibetan Buddhism culture has become an important part of Tibetan culture. In addi⁃tion, he points out that the studies and research of Tibetan Buddhism culture and non-Buddhism culture both need to expand their development realms respectively to provide opportunities for the development of Tibetan culture. Since the

  13. On Real Meaning of "Lotus Worship" to Which Buddhism Blend into Contemporary Society%从“荷香莲韵”观佛教的“佛境禅心”——论传承“莲花崇拜”对佛教融入当代社会的现实意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯青云

    2011-01-01

    Lotus worship(or Lotus belief) was one of the earliest worship of Buddhism.The image of lotus helped Buddhist to propagandize their theories.With the help of organism features of lotus,the Buddhist expounded its doctrine to make lotus become the theory of counsel and enlighten people.It shaped Buddhism into the basic imagine of ethical religion.Like other religion,Buddhism should suit to new social development situation,look carefully at its development,excavate the valuable spirit core of contemporary society reality in order to carry out the new fusion of Chinese traditional culture and the main stream culture of real society.%莲花崇拜(或莲花信仰)为佛教早期崇拜之一。佛教借助莲花形象以宣传佛教理论,借助莲花生物特征以阐述其义理,提供了引导教内僧众和教外信众追求的理想目标。佛教和其它宗教一样,要适应新的社会发展形势,认真审视其发展轨迹,挖掘其基本理论中与当代社会现实有价值的精神内核,与中国传统文化和现实社会主流文化实现新一轮的融合。

  14. 孔子学院的西渐之道——佛教与基督教东传的启示%The Westward Spread of Confucius Institutes——Enlightenment of the Eastward Spread of Buddhism and Christianity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雅莉; 邱新有

    2011-01-01

    From the perspective of cross-cultural communication,drawing on the strategy of the eastward spread of Buddhism and Christianity,the paper contrasts from three aspects:the attitude of Buddhism and Christianity towards mainstream culture,the choice of communications content and the shaping of communicators' image,and excavates the inspiration value of the westward spread of Confucius institutes.The paper thinks the road of the Buddhism culture adaptation is more conducive to the exchange and integration between Sinology and Western multicultural.In the spread of Sinology we should "seek common ground on major issues while reserving minor differences,make up for his shortcomings with my difference",spread the way of "principle" with the way of "adaptation",and set up the way of "image" to achieve tolerance and acceptance of Western.%本文从跨文化传播的角度,以佛教与基督教的东传策略为借鉴,从两者对待主流文化的态度、传播内容的选择和传者形象的塑造三个方面进行对比,挖掘其对孔子学院西传的启发价值。本文认为佛教所走的文化适应之道更有利于汉学与西方多元文化的交流与融合。汉学传播要本着"求大同存小异,以我异补其缺"精神,以"适应"之道,传"理"之道,树"形"之道实现西学的包容和接受。

  15. The possibility and limit of the assimilation of learning of mind- heart with Buddhism examined by "neither good nor evil"%从“无善无恶”看心学与佛学交融的可能与限度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚晓康

    2011-01-01

    王阳明的“无善无恶”之说在后世引起了极大争论,批评者讥其“源于佛老”。本文通过分析王阳明“无善无恶”学说的提出及其思想内涵,并与佛教特别是禅学的“无善无恶”说进行比较,指出王阳明之“无善无恶”论与佛学确有共通之处,二者均认同本体界无善无恶,现象界有善有恶,均强调形上虚寂本体与形下现实生命的贯通。然心学之“无善无恶”论的理论依据为儒学传统之体用论,与佛教之缘起论迥然有异。就阳明心学的思想实质来看,是援释入儒而以儒为宗,心学与佛学是在保持各自差异基础上的交融。%Wang Yangming' s theory of "neither good nor evil" arouse great controversy. Some critics satirized it as originated from Buddhism and Taoism. Through analysis of the proposition and the connotation of Wang' s theory of "neither good nor evil" and comparison it with the theory of "neither good nor evil" of Buddhism, esp. of Chan school, this essay points out the similarities between Wang and Chan. They both hold that "neither good nor evil" exist in noumenon world whereas "good and evil" exist in phenomenon world. They both emphasize the mutual penetration between the empty and quiet metaphysical noumenon and the physical actual life. However, theory of "neither good nor evil" in learning of mindheart is based on Confucian traditional entity -function theory, which is totally different from Buddhist theory of interdependent origination. Yangrning' s theory is, in fact, Confucianism - oriented absorption of Buddhism into Confucianism, blending the learning of mind - heart with Buddhism keeping each one's characteristic independence.

  16. 勅建背景下五台山佛寺彩画的等级构成与特征分析%Grade and characteristics of painted surface on monastery of buddhism in Wutai Mountain under imperial influence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张昕; 陈捷

    2013-01-01

    Focused on painted surface on monastery of Han and Tibetan Buddhism in Wutai Mountain,based on systematic identification of existing examples,the paper summed up the grade division influenced by form and cost,the grade arrangement based on attention,and essential characteristics of the different grades under the exchange and fusion of Monastery and official paintings in late Qing Dynasty.Intended to form structural ways containing both official and vernacular paintings through their comparison,and provide technical guidelines of image and craft for the restoration and design of typical vernacular paintings in small-scale area and specific period.%以五台山汉藏佛寺彩画为切入点,基于对现存实物的系统辨识,总结出清代后期佛寺彩画与官式彩画交流及融合中基于形制和造价的等级划分和基于关注程度的等级安排,分析出不同等级彩画的基本特征.拟通过比较分析,构建涵盖官式彩画与风土彩画的结构性研究思路,并为小范围、特定时段内典型风土彩画的修缮与仿古工程提供图像与工艺的技术指南.

  17. 关于中国美术史中佛教石窟美术专题教学的探讨%The Discussion on Buddhism Grotto Art Monographic Teaching in History of Chinese Fine Arts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘韬; 郭早早; 朱文晶

    2011-01-01

    The article mostly discusses some questions on Buddhism grotto art monograpmc teacmng m History of Chinese Fine Arts. The instructional objectives are three aspects that are grasping rudimentary knowledge, extension of art cultivation and increasing of research competence. The article mostly elaborates that settings arrangement of course content, the supple of teaching method bringing in video information, paying attention to the concepts of "cultural circle"and "model"in the course of teaching. The article indicates that we should bring academic history into Grotto art monographic teaching, so we can lead undergraduates to hackle research method on grotto art and to discover new questions.%本文主要讨论了中国美术史中佛教石窟美术专题教学的相关问题,将教学目标设计为基础知识掌握、美术修养扩充及研究能力提高三方面。主要阐述包括课程内容的设置安排、授课过程中引入视频教学资料教学方法补充、在具体授课过程中注意“文化圈”、“样式”等概念的问题,并指出将佛教石窟研究的学术史引入到石窟美术专题教学中,从而引导学生总结梳理石窟美术的研究方法与发现新问题。

  18. 藏传佛教传记文学《至尊宗喀巴大师传》研究--以两种汉译本为视角%Study on Biographical Literature of Tibetan Buddhism-The Supreme Tsongkhapa:From the Perspective of Its Two Chinese Versions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱萍; 杨学义

    2015-01-01

    In the mid-Qing Dynasty,Zhou Jiaxiang’s The Supreme Tsongkhapa is the representative works of Ti-betan Buddhism of biographical literature,which is a comprehensive record of the master Tsongkhapa’s legendary life.This paper explores the origin and characteristics of the two current common Chinese versions translated by Guo Heqing and Fa Zun Master.It is concluded that as a representative of Tibetan Buddhism of biographical litera-ture,The Supreme Tsongkhapa deserves sufficient attention in academic circles.%清中期周加巷所著《至尊宗喀巴大师传》是藏传佛教传记文学的代表作品,全面记录了宗喀巴大师的传奇一生。梳理了目前常见的有两种汉译本———郭和卿的全译本和法尊法师的摘译本的渊源与特色。认为《至尊宗喀巴大师传》作为藏传佛教传记文学的典范代表,应该受到学术界的足够重视。

  19. The Relationship between Confucianism,Buddhism,Taoism and Improving Hospice Care of Cancer Patient%儒释道与改善癌症患者临终关怀的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨溢; 杜佳慧; 屈韵竹; 欧阳婉璐; 聂敏

    2014-01-01

    随着中国肿瘤患病率的不断上升,社会对临终关怀的需求也逐渐增大。由于我国基本国情、文化背景和价值观念与西方不同,援引自西方基督教的临终关怀理念与实践方法在中国的发展出现了许多问题。本文旨在从中国传统的儒释道文化中汲取智慧和经验,针对当前的问题,从死亡教育的开展、医护人员的培训、临终关怀机构的发展与社会支持等方面,提出相应的完善策略,促进我国临终关怀的本土化、体系化、制度化与社会化,希望为构建具有中国特色的临终关怀体系提供新的思路。%With an ever increasing prevalence rate of tumor in China ,the demand for hospice care has been rising in our society .Due to different basic national conditions ,cultural backgrounds and values , there are lots of problems in the development of the hospice care thoughts and practices in China invoked from the Christianity in the west .Drawing lessons from the traditional Chinese confucianism , buddhism and taoism culture , this paper aims to put forward thorough strategies for the current problems from the carrying out of death education , the training of medical workers , the development of hospice care institutions and the social support for hospice care , thus to promote the localization , systematization ,industrialization and socialization of hospice care in China ,to provide new ideas for the construction of hospice care system with Chinese characteristics .

  20. Buddhism and psychoanalysis: a personal reflection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichol, David

    2006-06-01

    Around 600 BC Siddhartha Gotama practiced intensive meditation for several years and found a way for people to cultivate a sense of equanimity, wisdom, and compassion in their lives. Around 1900 AD Sigmund Freud undertook several years of intensive self-analysis and developed theories and therapeutic techniques for understanding how the unconscious operates in our lives to perpetuate neurotic suffering, and how we might gain insight and relief from that suffering and be more free to move toward our potential in this life. This article gives an overview of Buddhist theory and practice, gives an account of the author's personal journey through both disciplines, and then point outs the similarities and differences in them, leading to an integration of elements of these two paths of exploration of the psyche, for the purpose of mutual enrichment.

  1. Theravada Buddhism and Thai Luxury Fashion Consumption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Ning (Mao); M.J. McAleer (Michael)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractThis paper reviews the Thai national character according to Hofstede’s cultural dimension theory and Komin’s nine values cluster (Psychology of the Thai people), analyses the social hierarchy of Thai consumers according to the Luxury 4P Taxonomy (Han et al., 2010), integrates the Theory

  2. On the Road from Hinduism to Buddhism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Warner, Cameron

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The effectiveness and safety of antithrombotic therapy (AT) among patients with a history of intracerebral hemorrhage remain uncertain. We therefore determined the prevalence of indication for AT among patients hospitalized with first-time intracerebral hemorrhage and exam......BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The effectiveness and safety of antithrombotic therapy (AT) among patients with a history of intracerebral hemorrhage remain uncertain. We therefore determined the prevalence of indication for AT among patients hospitalized with first-time intracerebral hemorrhage...

  3. Chinese Silk in Tibetan Buddhism Monastery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Chinese traditional silk has held a special place in Chinese tex-tile history as its great contribution to the development of economy and culture of all ethnic groups as well as international exchanges.From time immemorial,

  4. Tao's Harmony Giving Birth to the New Things Theory and the Origin of Buddhism--Qian Geng-sen’sTao's Harmony Giving Birth to the New Things Theory%“大道和生”与佛教“缘起论”--评钱耕森教授的“大道和生学”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈坚

    2015-01-01

    Professor Qian Gengsen’s philosophical thought regressed to the origin of Chinese philosophy. Through illustrating Shibo’s “harmony actually fosters new things”, he proposed hisTao’s harmony giving birth to the new things theory”, whose theory was regarded as the “new life” in Chinese philosophy history. He observed his theory by putting it in the scope of the origin of the universe. He thought that the world was constituted by different elements not the same ones, and only all the different elements were in a harmonious situation, could things be fostered eventually, which could be illustrated as the theory of the origin of Buddhism, for the origin of Buddhism emphasized that all the laws of the world combined for the harmony of the all the lots. Moreover, there was an equal relation among the lots which was the base of the origin of lot. Not only professor Qian’sTao’s harmony giving birth to the new things theory but also the theory of the origin of Buddhism have guiding significance in building a harmonious society and promoting the peace of the world.%钱耕森教授回归中国哲学的原初意境,通过解读史伯“和实生物”的观点而提出了“大道和生学”,自创新说,堪称当代中国哲学研究之老树发新芽。钱先生将“大道和生学”放在宇宙生成论的范畴来加以考察,指出世界不是由相同的元素而是由不同的元素构成的,而且各种不同的元素只有在和谐平等的状态下才能最终生成万物,这可与佛教的“缘起”论相互诠释相互发明,因为佛教的缘起论强调世界万法皆是众缘和合而成,而且参与缘起的缘与缘之间互相平等,唯其平等,才能缘起。无论是钱先生的“大道和生学”还是佛教的“缘起”论,都对我们今天建设和谐社会和促进世界和平具有指导意义。

  5. A Study of Wang Kuowei's Tragic Views and Consciousness:Wang Kuowei's Integration of Westernism,Buddhism,and Taoism Reflected through On Red Mansions%王国维悲剧思想与悲情意识探源--论《红楼梦评论》对西学、佛学和老庄思想的熔铸

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈永英

    2015-01-01

    王国维受叔本华悲观主义哲学的影响,在《红楼梦评论》、《人间词话》和《宋元戏曲考》等著作中均体现了其悲剧思想对西学、佛学和老庄的熔铸性,开创中国美学研究之先河。王国维悲情思想主要体现在三方面:一是与叔本华悲剧精神的互通;二是认同佛家的涅槃,和叔本华倡导的解脱殊途同归;三是包涵老庄的“无为”、“无我”等传统底蕴。重新认识王国维的悲剧思想和悲情意识的源头,理解王国维对中西印等文化传统的沟通、合流、熔铸,才能理解和把握王国维在美学研究领域的大创制。%Influenced by the pessimism philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer,Wang Kuowei has re-vealed his tragic views through such his works as On Red Mansions ,Jen-chein Tz'u-hua ,The History of Operas in Song and Yuan Dynasties .His works integrate Westernism,Buddhism,and Taoism,which is regarded as a ground breaking study of Chinese aesthetics.In general,Wang Kuowei's tragic views can be divided into three perspectives:firstly,the consistency of tragic views with Schopenhauer;secondly, Wang Kuo-wei agrees with Buddhism Nirvana which resembles with Schopenhauer's advocated liberation;and thirdly,Wang Kuowei deepens the traditional philosophy of the〞wu wei 〞and〞wu wo 〞.Only when the source of Wang Kuowei's tragic views and consciousness is repondered and his integration of oriental and western cultures is understood,could a huge progress be made in the field of research into his philoso-phy.

  6. Analysis and Research on the English Translation of Han Shan's poems from the Perspective of Aesthetics of Buddhism and Ecology——Reference to English translation version of Snyder%禅宗生态美学视阈下的寒山诗英译探析——以斯奈德英译为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任艳霞; 傅治夷

    2012-01-01

    Han Shan,a hermit monk in the Tang Dynasty,had written and spread more than three hundred poems with the dominant thought of Budda,which made the poems abstruse and far-reaching in its implication,extraordinary in its temperament,pure and fresh in its style.Han Shan's poems were a great attraction to people and had great influence abroad,especially in America for a long period owing to its extraordinary style of thoughts.In view of his ecological thoughts,Snyder,who was always embracing sincere feelings to Buddhist thoughts in his style of creation,chose and translated twenty-four of Han Shan's poems with the thoughts of Buddhism.From Snyder's translation,it can be seen that the thoughts of aesthetics of Buddhism and ecology creatively spread throughout his translation,and Synder had made marvelous success in his translation from the perspective of "Buddhist thoughts",without the inevitable deviance from the spirit of original poems to some extent.%唐代隐逸诗僧寒山曾流传诗作三百余首,佛理禅机贯穿始终,赋予其诗意蕴悠远玄妙,气质超凡脱尘,风格清新脱俗。寒山诗因其特色迥异独行于世,尤其在美国风行一时,影响深远。斯奈德寓禅宗情愫于个人创作风格之中,从其生态思想出发,选译了寒山诗二十四首。综观其译作,禅宗生态美学思想氤氲其间,这种以"禅"解诗的译文,纵然与原诗之"禅"难免不失偏颇,然却已是别有洞天。

  7. 佛教心性论与韩孟诗派创作的主体精神%The Ideology of the Mind of Buddhism and the Subject Spirit in the Creation of Poetry by the School of Han Yu and Meng Jiao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马现诚

    2001-01-01

    佛教禅宗心性论是佛学的核心义理之一,旨在启迪人从心灵中寻求“自我意识和自我感觉”,它强化了人的主体意识和主体精神。这一特征与艺术创作的主体精神有着内在的相互通融和契符。韩孟诗派是中唐最具特征的诗派,此派诗人在诗歌创作实践中都表现自我主体意识,抒写心性,而形成这一创作特征的深层文化思想背景正是佛教禅宗心性论的影响。%The ideology of the mind of Dhyana is one of the key doctrines of Buddhism, which is directed to seek self- consciousness and self- recognition in human mind. This concept strengthens human subject consciousness and spirit, thus an intrinsic connection with the subject spirit of literary creation. The school of Han Yu and Meng Jiao was typical of the mid - Tan Dyansty poetry, their deep cultural background of Dhyana determined the representation of self- subject consciousness and mind as well as soul in the creation of poetry.

  8. An Amphibious Goddess of Both Buddhism and Taoism A Research of the Legend of Cihang Goddess%仙释圆融佛道双栖——慈航真人观世音仙话传说的文化观照

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓艳

    2012-01-01

    道教神仙谱系中的慈航真人是一位深受民间崇奉的女仙。慈航真人信仰的形成与佛教的观音菩萨信仰有非常密切的联系。慈航真人观世音这种佛道双栖的现象是中国古代三教合一特别是仙释圆融宗教文化的产物。慈航真人仙话传说中的性别困惑既体现了古代社会性别意识的特殊取向,也反映出观音形象不断演变的历史信息。%As a famous goddess of Taoism, Cihang is astonishingly similar to the Guanyin Bodhisattva. The religion of Cihang has dccp contact with the Guanyin Bodhisattva of Buddhism. This phenomenon is a result of the fusing of the Three Religions in ancient China. There is a special sex puzzlement in those legends about Cihang goddess. It embodies the message of the evolution of Cihang's image in Chinese ancient religious culture.

  9. On the Jing Lun Palace Centering on the Annual of Buddhism & Taoism History Book of Wei Dynasty%北魏静轮天宫研究——以《魏书·释老志》为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明建

    2012-01-01

    北魏静轮天宫为寇谦之改革北天师道的标志性建筑,是寇谦之新的成仙理论的具体实施。它是在继承和发展先秦以来神仙观念的基础上,结合汉武帝柏粱之流的建筑粤念加以创制而成的。而太武帝灭佛,则与魏太子拓跋晃奏停建造静轮宫有最直接的联系。%The Jing Lun Palace of Northern Wei Dynasty was a landmark for the Northern Celestial-Master which inherited and vet, the destruction building the Palace. developed pre-Q -Buddhism by th deity idea, combined with Han Wudi's Bai Liang construction idea. e emperor Tai Wu was related to the prince Tuo Ba hui's suggestion of Taoism, Moreo- stopping

  10. 元朝统治者信奉藏传佛教倚重萨迦派的原因探析%Reason Analysis of the Rulers of the Yuan Dynasty Believing in Tibetan Buddhism and Relying Heavily on the Sakyapa Sect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文萍; 张付新

    2015-01-01

    The rulers the Yuan dynasty converted to Tibetan Buddhism and relied heavily on the Sakyapa sect to manage local affairs in Tibet, which became one of their management and governance policies in Tibet. An analy⁃sis has been done on the reasons of why the Yuan’s rulers executed the policy by referring to a large number of historical facts, and it is found that the rebellions of other Mongolian tribes in Central Asia and the close relation⁃ship between the Sakyapa and Mongolian royalty were the main reasons why the Yuan rulers adopted this policy.%元朝统治者选择信仰藏传佛教,并倚重萨迦派管理西藏地方事务,成为其管理和治理西藏的策略之一。文章基于大量的历史事实,分析了藏传佛教界对蒙古王室的积极传教,元朝中央为应对中亚蒙古宗王的反叛以及萨迦派与元王室的联姻等是影响元统治者采取这一政策的重要因素。

  11. The Representations of Buddhism in Iris Murdoch's Novel---The Case Study of The Sea,the Sea%佛教思想在艾瑞斯·默多克小说创作中的体现--以《大海啊,大海》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀文

    2014-01-01

    由于与佛教的深厚渊源,英国当代著名小说家默多克的道德哲学观中蕴含了浓郁的佛教色彩并通过作品将其展现出来。在作品《大海啊,大海》中,默多克将佛教思想与道德哲学观完美结合并通过小说中人物的精神成长历程得以体现。在小说中,佛教思想主要表现为苦集灭道四圣谛和波若空慧两个方面。苦集灭道四圣谛中默多克主要凸现集圣谛,意指人间种种苦的根源是业与烦恼,而让查尔斯产生烦恼的根源为贪,嗔和我慢,此三种烦恼皆为佛教中产生一切烦恼的根本烦恼。而要去除所有烦恼,查尔斯则必须破除我执,辩清现实与幻影,意识到一切的存在皆为因果,这样才能认清自我,关注他者的存在,最终达到大智慧,这就是默多克通过小说人物想要表现的波若空慧。%As one of the most influential contemporary British writers,Iris Murdoch through her works shows her unique moral philosophy with the strong flavor of Buddhism.Especially in her Boo-ker Prize winning novel The Sea,the Sea,Buddhist elements together with the moral philosophy are fully reflected through the spiritual growth of the two maj or characters.In the novel,Buddhism can be reflected from two aspects:Four Noble Truths proposed by Buddha and the Wisdom of Seeing through Everything.In terms of the Four Noble Truths,Murdoch mainly emphasizes the aspect of Ji meaning Karma and troubles are the origins of human sufferings;there are six basic types of troubles which will bring about other troubles in human life,and in the novel Murdoch focuses on three among the six basic troubles through the main character Charles.The three types are greediness,anger and overemphasis of the self.To break away from all the sufferings,Charles has to stop overemphasizing the existence of self and realize that everything in this world is based on the Principle of Cause and Effect.By doing so,he can see

  12. From the Southern Commentaries to Zhouyizhengyi-The Argument between Confucianism and Buddhism in Sui and Tang Dynasty%从江南义疏到《周易正义》--隋唐《周易》义疏学中的儒佛之争

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷继明

    2013-01-01

    提儒学在唐代并非沉默无为。面对佛教的挑战,以孔颖达为代表的儒家学者通过修撰《周易正义》来整肃儒家的佛教浸染。通过对比“江南义疏”与《周易正义》的不同,我们可以看出孔颖达裁剪的着重点及其用意所在,进而看到传统经学的义疏之学中思想的角逐。由于旧疏的亡失,对于“江南义疏”的认识以前有较大的缺失;但藏于日本的古抄本《讲周易疏论家义记》却能丰富我们的视野,并重新审视在《周易》方面南北朝义疏到唐代的变化。这段认识对宋代理学的起源研究也有启发意义。%In the Tang Dynasty Confucianism was not in silence.On the challenge of Buddhism, Kong Yingda and many other Confucian scholars tried to limit Buddhism’s influence by editing and writing Zhouyizhengyi or the orthodox commentaries of Zhouyi.Kong Yingda ’s temptation can be foundifwecompareZhouyizhengyiwiththe SouthernCommentaries.Of course mostofthe SouthernCommentaries hasbeenlost whichissodif-ficult for us to research.Fortunately one of these old commentaries Jiang Zhouyi Shulunjia Yiji ( Records of the discussion and commentary on Zhouyi) is stilled kept in Japan, which can broaden our horizons.This study can also advance our knowledge of the origin of the Neo-Confucianism.

  13. On the "Vassavaso" Ritual of the Theravada Buddhism and the Function of its Music and Sound in the Ritual -A Case Study of Daizu Ethnics in Jinggu Region%南传佛教“入雨安居”仪式及其仪式中的音声功能分析——以景谷傣族地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周寒丽

    2012-01-01

    人们的宗教信仰需要通过宗教仪式来表达,而仪式中音声则是仪式的一个有机组成部分。景谷傣族地区南传佛教"入雨安居"仪式和赕经书仪式中不断变化的音声是为了传达宗教信仰,增强信众情感,塑造信众的行为模式,并最终达到顺利完成仪式和实现仪式的目的。%People's religious belief needs to be expressed by some religious rituals, in which music and sound are an organic part. The ever-changing music and sound in the "Vassavaso" ritual of the Theravada Buddhism and the chanting ritual of the Buddhist canons by the Dai Ethnics in Jinggu. Region is to convey the religious belief, enhance the believers' emotion, mold the believers' behavior pattern, and finally ac complish the ritual and smoothly realize the function of the ritual.

  14. Buddhism in Sarnath: An Account of Two Chinese Travellers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr Anuradha Singh

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to draw the religious life in Sarnath (and Varanasi as accounted by the Chinese travellers—Fa-Hien and Hiuen-tsang. The accounts not only talk about the stupas, pillars, statues built by King Ashoka; vihars and monks (bhikshus living in those vihars but also contain the first preachings of Lord Buddha, establishment of Sangha and the story of Mrigajataka that remain significant. With the increased popularity of Buddha dharma in China, the Chinese were attracted towards travelling to India. They came to India mainly with the intentions to visit the places related to the fond memories of Lord Buddha, to study the Buddha religion and philosophy and carry the copies of the Buddhist compositions. Fa-Hien and Hiuen-tsang occupy significant places among these Chinese travellers. These accounts can be associated with ancient history as well as with historical geography, religion and philosophy. While Fa-hien in his journey details had described about the Buddha Empire, Hiuen-tsang highlighted the civilisation of India and its cultural landscape, albeit it has been often accepted by the historians that these accounts of their journeys should be considered as significant only when they are backed by historical evidences. They opine that these travellers were mainly influenced by the Buddha dharma and therefore, their accounts are liable to containing exaggerated journey details. It is true that the journey details contain few imaginary instances; nevertheless, these accounts have been validated by the remnants, stupas and vihars at the sites.

  15. The Concept of Self in Buddhism and Brahmanism: Some Remarks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej ULE

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available I contrast briefly the Buddhist concept of Self as a process and a conditional reality with the concept of the substantial metaphysical concept of Self in Brahmanism and Hinduism. I present the criticism of the Buddhist thinkers, such as Nāgārjuna, who criticize any idea of the metaphysical Self. They deny the idea of the Self as its own being or as a possessor of its mental acts. However, they do not reject all sense of Self; they allow a pure process of knowledge (first of all, Self-knowledge without a fixed subject or “owner” of knowledge. This idea is in a deep accord with some Chan stories and paradoxes of the Self and knowledge.

  16. Buddhism, science, and market: The globalisation of Tibetan medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janes, Craig R

    2002-01-01

    In this paper I discuss the processes by which Tibetan medicine has become globalised, and the ways in which these have come to determine, constrain, and, ultimately, transform local practices of healing in both Tibet and the West. I examine the degree to which globalisation, in particular international market capitalism, operating in this case through the Chinese state, structures the content of primary medical resources, confers legitimacy to certain technologies, and sets the ground rules by which the healers in charge of deploying such technologies are set into conversation with one another. I also argue that the cultural dimensions of globalisation enter the local context through the multiple-stranded flows of people, images, and ideas, and contribute to redefinitions of identity, suffering, and body praxis among patients/consumers in diverse local contexts. I proceed within two registers of analysis. In the first, I analyse these movements in the context of Tibetan medicine as it has been transformed, practised, and used, in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. In the second, the analytic lens shifts to a focus on Tibetan medicine as a 'global' alternative medicine in North America and Europe. The focus throughout is on the global-local dialectic: how Tibetan medicine is both produced as global commodity and consumed as 'local' tradition.

  17. Siddartha: An Introduction to Buddhism and Hinduism Yesterday and Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mooney, Edward L.

    This three-week unit in world literature for 11th grade, average-ability students was developed as part of a series by the Public Education Religion Studies Center at Wright State University. An outline of the unit's content and subject matter is given. The novel "Siddhartha" is studied in its Hindu and Buddhist religious and cultural…

  18. Buddhism, Copying, and the Art of the Imagination in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jim Taylor

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This article theorizes new urban religio-scapes in metropolitan Bangkok, a city space of contradictory modernities. Here, I look at two contrasting Buddhist monastic spaces of sanctity from periods of fieldwork between 1998 and 2002. Firstly, as found in the modern semblance of order and discipline at the radically neo-conservative Dhammakaya Movement (lit. “Body of Dhamma”. Secondly, the chaotic, disordered flamboyant and kitsch space of the Sanam Chan Monastery on the outskirts of the ever-expanding Thai post-metropolis, which has similarities with the consumerist contemporary “Buddhist” feature art of the arcades and shopping centres. I argue that Wat (Monastery Sanam Chan is a postmodern representation of sanctity; it is a response to modernity, while Dhammakaya, aside from its immense spectacle, reflects more the essentialist conditions inherent in modernity. Nevertheless, it is clear that both spaces of sanctity challenge the established religious hierarchy, its perceived orthodoxy, legitimation and the ethical bases of civic religion in Thailand.

  19. Inherent Self, Invented Self, Empty Self: Constructivism, Buddhism, and Psychotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWilliams, Spencer A.

    2010-01-01

    Constructivist and Buddhist approaches to counseling and psychotherapy share increasing popularity as well as similar epistemological assumptions and understanding of human dysfunction and its amelioration. These approaches can be seen as consistent with postmodern psychology, which is distinguished from a realist or foundationalist view. This…

  20. 佛教哲理%Philosophic Ideas in Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史继忠

    2007-01-01

    本文把佛哲理概括为如下几个要点:一、佛教对人生的基本判断是"苦";二、"觉悟"是佛教立教之本;三、"因缘和合"是佛教哲理的基石;四、"三法印"集中体现了佛家思想;五、佛教对社会人生的态度.

  1. HEIDEGGER AND BUDDHISM. ON NON-NIHILISTIC EXPERIENCE OF GROUNDLESSNESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cezary Wozniak

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Human existence is temporal. In a wider, over-individual dimension, we use the term ‘history’. We usually think about history in the context of historical events, wars, or scientificdiscoveries that have a strong impact both on the life of societies and the existence of individuals. We try to think over history, to point out what makes one fragment different from another, and to distinguish periods which we can define by emphasising their typical features. The aim of such procedures is to understand history. There can be different perspectives on such an understanding. According to Martin Heidegger, the widest, most fundamentaldimension of history seems to be the history of being, i.e. the history of the very understanding of the word ‘is’.The past brings pre-formed concepts and meanings, through which we understand ourselves and the world. These shapes of thought last in time – alone, subject to interpretations, or in new forms. By understanding this history, we can comprehend the present time,and this seems to be of some importance. As hermeneutics teaches, being and its understanding belong to each other; “understanding is the original character of the being of human life itself”1. If we exist, understanding is always a part of our existence, and we alwayssomehow understand the world and ourselves.What can be said about the contemporary situation of human beings, about their understanding of themselves, about how they understand the world today? How can we understand our present time, while also taking into consideration the historical aspect of thisunderstanding? If we accept the thesis on the occidentalisation and globalisation of the contemporary world, these questions become even more universal.

  2. 佛教中国化进程中的民间佛教%The Folk Buddhism in the Process of Sinicization of Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    子规

    2010-01-01

    @@ 从东晋南北朝直迄晚明,中国官僚士大夫阶层中的佛教信徒以在家学佛而出入僧俗的形式,在长达一千三百多年的岁月里,掀起了一波又一波的居士佛教的热潮,为佛教的中国化、社会化和世俗化的历史进程作出重大贡献.与此相应,在中国下层百姓中兴起的民间佛教则以自己的朴素理解及独特方式和居士佛教比肩而立,共同组成中国佛教世俗信众的两翼,护卫与推动着中国佛教的发展前进.

  3. Women in Song Dynasty and Buddhism%论宋代妇女与佛教

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金建锋

    2012-01-01

    On the background of the common customs of Buddish in Song Dynasty,the women believed in Buddish in different class. They had many ways to carry out, such as doing Buddhist nuns, participateing in the feast days of Buddish, building temples, making the figures of Buddha,bringing up the monks and nuns, burn- ing joss sticks and praying to Buddha, writing the sutras, burying temples and cremating, researching the sutras and being well up in the theory; These had some reasons, suah as ailment and death of oneself and folks, the in- fluencement of family, the induction of the monks and nuns, underestimating the fate, women guarding the moral integrity, pursuing the son and riches and honour. The women believing in Buddish had the important influencement of oneself, the around people and the society,%在佛教世俗化的背景下,宋代各阶层有很多信仰佛教的妇女。她们信仰佛教的实践方式多种多样,有出家为尼,虔诚参与各类佛教节日活动,营建佛寺、捐钱造像、饭养僧尼,烧香念佛、刻写经书,死后葬于佛寺、火葬,研佛书、通佛理等。这些佛教实践的原因有自己或至亲疾病和死亡、受家庭影响、弘法僧尼的引导、看破红尘、妇女守节、求子和求富贵等。她们信仰佛教给自身、周边人和社会带来了许多重要影响。

  4. Lessons Carved in Stone:Basics of Buddhism at Sichuan's Dazu Rock Carvings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mike Meyer

    2001-01-01

    @@ Part I DAZU, SICHUAN PROVINCE "See the hungry devil? He eat the man!"the guide exclaimed, holding his charge in rapt attention atop Baoding Shan (Treasure Peak Mountain). He pointed to the Image of Six Ways of Transmigration,a carving of a towering demon that jutted from the cliff's face.

  5. The emergence of the ecological mind in Hua-Yen/Kegon Buddhism and Jungian psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cambray, Joe

    2017-02-01

    The complexity associated with deep interconnectedness in nature is beginning to be articulated and elaborated in the field of ecological studies. While some parallels to the psyche have been made and the field of Eco-psychology has been developing, Jung's explicit contribution by way of the image of rhizomes has not been considered in detail. Philosopher Gilles Deleuze acknowledges borrowing the term from Jung, though he disagreed with Jung's Empedoclean use of the term. The paper presents some fundamental properties of rhizomes along with contemporary scientific research on mycorrhizal (fungal) networks. Comparisons are made, first with classical symbolic forms, demonstrating some overlap but also some differences. Then comparison of rhizomal networks is made to those found both in mammalian brains and in recent images of the 'cosmic web'. While no hard conclusions can be drawn from these images, their remarkable similarities are suggestive of a need to reconsider what is meant by 'intelligence'. The cosmic web is one of the largest structures in the known universe (clusters of galaxies which form into filaments and walls) with empty spaces in between. Exploration of the structure of this web leads to a discussion of dark matter and dark energy, current hot topics in science, probing into the mysteries of our 'Big-Bang' cosmology. An additional comparison of the emerging image of the universe as a whole with the ancient Chinese Buddhist cosmological vision from the Hua-Yen School (Kegon in Japan) again reveals profound parallels. The potential convergence of aspects of subjective, or meditative, explorations with objective scientific constructions is striking and offers links between East and West, as well as potential confirmation of the objective aspects of empathy.

  6. Vietnamese Buddhism in Ferment. Part 2. The Buddha, The Dharma and the Sangha

    Science.gov (United States)

    1966-06-01

    blankness he turned to other methods, finally trying extended meditation sitting under a tree. Through medita - tion, enlightenment came; in an intuitive...series of dyana or medita - tive trances before achieving enlightenment. Zen rejects reliance on scripture study, rituals, vows or prayers. It is a

  7. A Textual Study of The Post and Rank of "Khutukhtu" in Tibetan Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kiciyeltu; ZhaiShende

    2003-01-01

    Among Mongolian and Tibetan high-ranking Buddhist monks, the Khutukhtu is second only to that of the Dalai and the Panchen. There have, however, been various interpretations of the word khutukhtu, its linguistic origin, and connotations. In this essay, therefore, I expound on the preliminary textual research I have made into questions regarding the origin of the word "khutukhtu," its course of evolution,and specific meaning when "Khutukhtu" became thepost and rank title for certain Mongolian and Tibetan high-ranking Buddhist monks.

  8. Black Ants and Buddhism: Second Graders Use Classroom Conflict to Explore World Religions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowhey, Mary

    2008-01-01

    Human nature draws people to conflict. They become curious about the overheard argument at the next table in a restaurant, or a conflict between parent and child in the supermarket. Too often textbooks and other teacher-proof curriculum for young children provide a pat and happy presentation, devoid of conflict. Not surprisingly, these materials…

  9. Spirits of the Place. Buddhism and Lao Religious Culture, John Clifford Holt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillaume Rozenberg

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available John Holt, familier aux spécialistes du bouddhisme pour ses recherches sur Sri Lanka, ouvre ici une parenthèse laotienne, motivée par l’absence notable d’un livre accessible, en langue anglaise, qui offre une synthèse sur la place du bouddhisme dans la « culture religieuse » de ce petit pays d’environ six millions d’habitants. S’appuyant à la fois sur les travaux existants et sur des enquêtes menées au cours d’un séjour de sept mois dans la ville de Luang Prabang en 2006-2007, l’ouvrage propo...

  10. Lu- xun and Buddhism culture%鲁迅与佛教文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙永干

    2006-01-01

    作为现代文化中最为决绝与激烈的反叛者的鲁迅,因为自小与佛教文化的因缘让他与佛教文化有着极为密切的联系.这种联系具体表现在他对佛陀人格的整合、对悲智双运情怀的认同、对虚无与死亡主题的表达以及对于佛教文化弊端的觉察等等方面.

  11. Physical Mandala in Tantric Buddhism%论佛教身体曼荼罗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李南

    2008-01-01

    曼荼罗为密教的一种主要修行仪式,其晚期的重要仪轨之一身体曼荼罗与印度教性力派的修行方式十分相似.追根溯源,这些修行方式深受中国古代道家修炼方法的影响,从而再次证明中印两国之间的宗教文化交往源远流长.

  12. Tree Patterns of the Relationship between Confucianism and Buddhism in the History of Chinese Buddhism%入华佛教对应儒佛关系的三个典型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾伟康

    2010-01-01

    佛教来到中国,必不可免地要部分改变自身的形态,以求发展.佛教中国化,其关键之一,即是如何处理与儒家意识形态的关系.本文选择了、庐山慧远和禅宗三个典型,具体分析在不同的历史阶段,中国佛教回应时代、处理同儒佛关系的三种不同模式.

  13. The influences of compiling on the history of Buddhism in the early Qing Dynasty for Buddhism changes%清初佛教变化及其对佛教史学编撰的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹刚华

    2016-01-01

    清初延续了明末佛教的复兴态势,短暂的复兴引发了佛教内部的诤斗.与此同时,佛教复兴与诤斗对清初佛教史学编撰造成巨大影响.宗统争夺、对佛教复兴的憧憬以及对佛教衰退的思考成为清初佛家史学思考的主要问题,催生了一批佛教史学典籍,并成为清初佛教史学的主流之一.

  14. Interpreting Buddhism Historiography in Song Dynasty From a General History of Chinese Buddhism%《佛祖统纪》与中国宋代僧人的史学思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩毅

    2003-01-01

    宋代是中国佛教史学发展的黄金时期,各类僧史著作的编写相当引人注目,其中尤以南宋僧人志磐的置为著名.从可以看出,宋代僧人的史学思想,不仅丰富了佛教史自身,扩大了它的社会影响,而且也为中国文学乃至中国文化带来了新的成分,它的出现有着历史与宗教的双重意义,值得作进一步的研究.

  15. The Tantric Buddhism Ritual Site Found in Anxi County%安西发现密教坛场遗址

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宝玺

    2005-01-01

    安西县城北疏勒河北岸戈壁滩上新近发现了密教坛场遗址.一般情况下,密教仪式坛场在作完佛事后并不有意保存,因此该遗址便成了极为罕见的保存至今的坛场遗址.

  16. China-India Relationship and Buddhism-From the perspective of the discursive practice of the White Horse Temple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YI Mei

    2016-01-01

    India and China, even though close in distance, but distant in relationship. Recently, the world has witnessed the im-provement of the bilateral relations between the two big nations. The White Horse Temple, as a site constructed by discourses has transformed from‘the first government-funded temple in China’to one of the symbols of China-India friendship in the cul-tural exchange between the two nations. Critical discourse analysis (CDA) is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of dis-course that views language as a form of social practice and focuses on the ways social and political domination are reproduced in text and talk. This paper, starts from the perspective of critical discourse analysis, is exploratory in that it aims to see how the discursive practice of the White Horse Temple constitutes the discourse of China-India relationship and is constituted by the power relationship between the two nations.

  17. The Eastern Culture and Salinger--the Revelation of Spiritual Ecology of Buddhism in the Catcher in the Rye

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赫易; 胡鹏鹏

    2011-01-01

    The rapid development of science and technology brought about fundamental doubts about the traditional values and ethics which inevitably led to a spiritual crisis.Salinger had realized that with the deepening of the industrialization and mechanization in

  18. Geopolitics of Quantum Buddhism: Our Pre-Hydrocarbon Tao Future (No Breakthrough at the Rio+20 Summit)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajrektarevic, Anis

    2013-01-01

    From Rio to Rio with Kyoto, Copenhagen and Durban in between, the conclusion remains the same: we fundamentally disagree on realities of this planet and the ways we can address them. A decisive breakthrough would necessitate both wider contexts and a larger participatory base so as to identify problems, formulate policies, and broaden and…

  19. "I" in Buddhism and in Jean-Paul Sartre's Thought%佛教之"我"与萨特之"我"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫春梅

    2009-01-01

    佛教所说的"我"有"人我"、"法我"两个含义,这与现代人通常所讲的"我"以及存在主义哲学家萨特的"我"是有所不同的.本文拟从本体论、论识论、价值观、实践观的角度对佛教之"我"与萨特之"我"略作剖析.

  20. Theory on Dependent Origination and Life View of Buddhism%缘起论与佛教的生命观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴传江

    2010-01-01

    @@ 缘起论是佛教理论的基础和核心,它阐述了佛教对于生命的构成和本质的看法,由此,佛教建立了消除我、法二执而回归生命本原的解脱之道.在佛教历史上,缘起论经历了业感缘起、性空缘起、阿赖耶识缘起、佛性缘起、世法缘起等阶段,表现了佛教的生命解脱观在不同维度的展开.

  1. Lessons Carved in Stone: Basics of Buddhism at Sichuan's Dazu Rock Carvings Part Ⅱ%大足石刻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ The thing is, even with the carvings to yourself, there's still too much to appreciate in one visit. The figures choke the cliff face, telling stories on salvation via animated figures tinted in rosy ochre,plum, lapis lazuli and gold leaf. I began with Sakyamuni's Filial Piety, 68 statues which depicted the prince's devout attention to his parents and self-sacrifice through such acts as nourishing them by cutting off a slice of his own flesh and offering his eye as medicine when his father fell ill.

  2. A Comparative Look at the Influence of Buddhism and Communism on the Chinese Language. Interfaces, No. 9, Spring 1978.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boulton, Nancy

    The nature of the relationship between linguistic expression and thought has been a source of controversy in linguistics and psychology. This relationship should be considered one of mutual influence and subject to change. An example of this interrelationship can be found in the process of alteration and assimilation that Indian Buddhist thought…

  3. 藏传密宗对死亡的认知%Understanding of Death by Tantrism in Tibetan Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建国

    2011-01-01

    There is little discussion on death in Chinese traditional culture. But death is an art in the religion of snow-capped plateau, an art understanding birth through death. Because of the death and birth, peo-pie there cherish and respect life. The article tries to have a deeper understanding of death in the snow- capped plateau through the inspiration of the death of Milarepa, the intermediate existence between deathand reincarnation and its significance.%中国传统文化中对死亡的讨论很少,在雪域高原的宗教里,死亡却是一种艺术,一种通过死而认知生的艺术。在这一生一死间,对生命的珍惜、敬重感油然而出。从藏传密宗上师密勒日巴尊者的入灭启示,影响西藏宗教很深的"中阴"密法及其意义等方面论述,以期更多地了解雪域高原的这种死亡艺术。

  4. 曼荼罗与藏传佛教寺院布局%Mandala and Tibetan Buddhism Monastery's Layout

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄跃昊

    2015-01-01

    曼荼罗在藏传佛教寺院中的象征意义无处不在,通过对桑耶寺、塔尔寺等藏传佛教寺院布局进行分析,从曼荼罗图像特征的角度探讨藏传佛教布局型制形成之缘由,阐述曼荼罗与藏传佛教寺院布局之间的关系.

  5. Podstawy abhidharmicznej koncepcji umysłu. Pojęcie świadomości ( The Concepts of Mind and Consciousness in Abhidharma Buddhism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Szymański

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available According to Abhidharma thinkers mind is a set of many mental elements (dharmas. All these elements were regarded as impermanent. The basic dimension of the diachronically considered mind was believed to be a continuous succession of consciousness (citta elements. They were believed to lie at the foundation of any psychical activity. They were to be accompanied by other mental elements (called caitasika to determine the nature of cognitive, emotional and volitional activity of the mind at any given moment. Among them they recognised dharmas unavoidably accompanying citta elements (feelings, elements of attention, conceptual identifications, volitions etc.. The mind was apparently treated as an integral whole which is signified by the conviction that every mental dharma is adjusted to the character of the other simultaneous mental elements. Such a combination of mental dharmas was believed to determine the content of the mind in the succeeding moment (i.e. to bring about the new set of mental elements before it ceases, which is effected with such participating factors as karmic compensation and the influence of the environment.

  6. The Justifications for War and Peace in World Religions: Part II: Extracts, Summaries and Comparisons of Scriptures in Indic Religions (Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism and Sikhism)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    important to be without attachment to the fruits of one’s labour .55 By sacrificing the results of one’s actions, the doer becomes “cleansed of sinful...great endeavor, audacity, dissatisfaction even in gain, false pride, praying for material advancement, considering oneself different and better than

  7. 论儒佛兼修的林则徐书法%"Confucianism and Buddhism" and Lin-Zexu's Calligraphy Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰浩

    2015-01-01

    近代爱国民族英雄林则徐书法艺术展示其佛学净土信仰和儒学经世理想两种基本风格特征,儒佛兼修和其书法艺术风格相辅相成.从林则徐书法的深层意蕴、晚清思想史以及林则徐人生历程正确解读、剖析其儒佛兼修是把握林则徐内心世界的有效途径.儒学、佛法、林则徐书法艺术的多向互动和印证,显示他儒佛兼修的丰富内心世界及书法生成机制.

  8. 现代电子媒介与禅宗文化研究%On Modern electronic Media and Zen Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丽

    2014-01-01

    由于禅宗精神特质与时代心理需求的契合,再加上禅宗特有的民族文化意味,现代电子媒介对其进行了大力传播,有效推动了禅宗的现代化实践。电子媒介在对禅宗的传播上表现出了形式的多元化、角色的娱乐化、目标的市场化等特点,同时也令禅宗的传达显现出了复杂的双面效应,即直观化和简易化并存、普遍化与趋时化并存、时尚化与庸俗化并存。%Due to consistency of characteristic of Zen spirit and time psychological demand and special implication of na-tional culture,modern electronic media devote major effort to propagate Zen. Their effort effectively drove Zen to moderniza-tion. propagation of Zen by electronic media has the following features,diversity in forms,entertaining characters and mar-ketization of goal. At the same time,propagation of Zen has complicated two-side effect,co-existence of visualization and oversimplification,co-existence of university and trendy and co-existence of fashion and vulgarization.

  9. Buddhism and the Law of Consensual Divorce in Tang China%佛教与唐律“和离”制度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张朝阳

    2015-01-01

    “Heli”refers to the law regarding consensual divorce in pre -modern China.As a social practice,consensual divorce had existed from Pre -Qin to the Han period.But it was a deviation from the rit-ual norms that focused on family -clan duties,and hence not a legal rule.In the medieval period,however, due to the influence of Buddhist notions such as Uniting Causes and Conditions and Former Existing Causa-tion,the social attitude towards marriage was changed.Starting with an edict issued by the Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei,consensual divorce gradually acquired legitimacy and was elevated to the status of legal rule, which was defined by the Tang Law as “Heli”.The rule of “Heli”broke the ritual tradition,and the marriage was now viewed as the uniting of two individuals who had affections towards each other,instead of fulfilling one’s family -clan duty.Therefore,the emerging of “Heli”was a significant change in pre -modern Chinese marriage law.%“和离”是古代规范夫妻间因感情不和而协议离婚的法规。作为一种实践,它在先秦-汉代就存在,但一直游离于基于家庭-宗族义务的正统离婚规则之外。中古时期,受外来佛教“因缘和合”、“宿世因果”等思想的影响,中国的社会婚姻观念发生变化。以北魏孝文帝太和九年诏书为标志,“和离”逐渐获得了正当性并上升为法规,最终由唐律所定格并被后世承袭。“和离”规则的确立突破了礼法传统,把婚姻从男女家庭-宗族义务上升到了双方情感的结合,可谓古代婚姻法制一大变革。

  10. 汉传佛教建筑礼拜空间源流概述%General View on Religion Service Space of Architecture of Buddhism of Han Nationlity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勃

    2003-01-01

    本文通过对汉传佛教建筑礼拜空间的研究,探讨了其形成和定型的过程和原因.认为汉传佛教建筑的礼拜空间,既受到来自古印度佛教建筑的深刻影响,也受到来自西域中亚佛教建筑的影响和启发.由于汉地固有的木构建筑在空间使用方面具有很大的灵活性,通过改造可以满足佛教建筑礼拜空间的要求,因此汉传佛教建筑的礼拜空间逐渐被纳入到汉地世俗建筑的体系之中.

  11. 中国佛教寺庙宗教空间的意境塑造%Ideal condition mold of religion space in Chinese Buddhism temple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管欣; 李丹

    2008-01-01

    通过对宗教空间意境的分析,希望人们重视现代城市建设中缺乏意境内涵的现状,从而借鉴中国佛教寺庙宗教空间意境塑造手法,创造出优美的现代城市环境.

  12. On the inferno culture and inferno ethics ideology relating to Buddhism%论佛教的地狱文化和地狱伦理思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹小栋

    2011-01-01

    佛教六道轮回之一的地狱是众生受恶业而遭受苦难的所在,在古代印度人们通过丰富的想象勾勒出了这一个充满黑暗的悲惨世界,这就是"地狱"(梵语niraja直译是泥犁或捺落伽),它暗示的是"众生皆苦"的佛教伦理,同时它在意识领域里更彰显的是另外的一个时空观念.佛教传入中国后,佛教地狱文化就是从历史的签转中逐步走向成熟的.佛教地狱文化主要表现在地狱名号、地狱时空、地狱昭示的思想伦理上.从而使佛教地狱文化对佛教伦理约束自我、适应社会的必然性提供论证,使得佛教善德在中国生根,成为中国传统伦理的必然.

  13. 禅宗思想对日本建筑的影响%The Influence of the Zen Buddhism on Japanese Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苑文凯

    2012-01-01

    禅宗推崇深远的美学意境,崇尚"抽象"的美,追求简洁、质朴的设计理念,擅长精致、细腻的处理手法,深深地影响了日本的传统建筑。战后,日本建筑师将禅宗思想与现代建筑技术相结合,创作了独树一帜的日本建筑。这种吸取传统民族文化精华的创作之路,值得中国建筑师学习、借鉴。%Zen respects profound artistic conception,advocates the "abstract" beauty,pursues of simple design concept,and owns delicate,exquisite technique.It has affected the Japanese traditional architecture deeply.After the War,Japanese architects combined thought of Zen with modern architecture techniques,and created the wonderful Japanese architecture.The road of absorbing traditional culture essence,is worth learning by Chinese architects.

  14. 试论忽必烈、杨琏真加与江南佛教%Discussion on Kublai Khan, Yang Lian-zhen-jia and Southern Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙少飞

    2015-01-01

    忽必烈经略江南佛教有明显的政治意图.通过设立地方僧官系统对江南佛教实施系统管理,任用僧人杨琏真加废毁故宋宫室陵墓以建梵刹,实现畅国威、隆国势之目的;压制作为江南社会思想文化之重要代表的禅宗,利用江南禅教寺院归属之争,易禅为教;通过杨琏真加主导的禅教廷辩使得教冠於禅;设置江南御讲三十六所,扶植教门,压制禅宗.尊教抑禅使江南禅宗地位下降,发展受到抑制,元初禅宗出现衰落气象,扶植了佛教其他宗派在江南社会的力量.

  15. Subduing the Serpent: A Narrative Strategy in the Conflicts between Buddhism and Daoism%降蛇--佛道相争的叙事策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴真

    2006-01-01

    自六朝以来,佛教与道教开始试图征服江南地区以蛇精为庙神的民间崇拜,从而在教内形成有关降蛇的叙事文本.在大量"蛇噬高道(僧)"叙事文本中又存在着佛道相互攻击的叙事母题.本文通过考察佛教与道教关于降蛇的叙事传统及宗教目的,试图指出形成故事的宗教文化土壤.

  16. The Achievement of Sapan to Develop Buddhism in Liang Zhou Area%略述萨班在凉州等地的弘法事迹

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    才让

    2004-01-01

    萨班东行不仅与阔端商讨了西藏归顺蒙古的事宜,同时也是藏传佛教的一次大规模东传.萨班留驻凉州,在阔端的支持下,大转法轮,使藏传佛教在凉州地区得以兴盛.萨班在凉州的弘法处--凉州四寺,历经元明清三代,一直是藏传佛教信徒崇拜的圣地.萨班向蒙古、汉、藏、党项、回鹘等民族的人士传播藏传佛教文化,增进了民族之间的文化交流和相互间的团结,产生了积极的社会作用.

  17. On the relationship between the men and gods in Tibetan Buddhism%试论藏传佛教之人神关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾旭晖

    2004-01-01

    本文试图把宗教社会学中人神关系的有关理论应用于对藏传佛教的分析和研究.一是从佛教发展及其在西藏传播的历史进行追溯,以厘清神的来由;二是以藏传佛教二元结构的分化为框架,分析在僧侣与信众之间神的角色所发生的微妙转化.进而探讨了这种人神关系的演化对活佛转世体系和政教合一制度的影响和作用.

  18. 死亡学视域中的佛教研究%New vision of buddhism studies: From the perspective of thanatology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    海波

    2008-01-01

    从新兴研究领域--死亡学视角出发,历史与现实结合,立足于中国传统文化,对中国佛教死亡观进行了系统梳理和研究.指出佛教是中国思想中死亡理论最丰富的学说,为世界现有各大哲学流派和宗教派别中惟一能与现代死亡学全方位接轨的理论体系;佛教死亡观是对儒道为主体的中国传统死亡观的承接和拓展;佛教死亡观由知识体系和超越体系两部分构成;佛教死亡观是佛教中国化进程中的主要推动因素.

  19. 佛教对中古论说文的沾溉与影响%The Effects of Buddhism on the Argumentative Essays in Ancient China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王京州

    2013-01-01

    本文旨在探讨佛学经论对中古论说文的辐射与影响,以支遁、僧肇、刘勰的作品为分析对象,揭示了佛教影响论说文体的途径与方法,三人作品代表了中古论说文的最高成就,分别以“支理”、“肇论”、“文心”来指代.佛教对论说文的影响,在“支理”体现为:标新立异的耸听效果,论注参体的形式选择和条分缕析的论说方式;在“肇论”表现为:论序共纪的形式创新,“假致疑难”的论证方式以及华实相扶的语言追求;而“文心”则集中表现为“以兼为主”的论文观.具体来说,《文心雕龙》做到了辨体上论与说的统一、形式上理与辞的统一、创作上“弥纶群言”与“研精一理”的统一.

  20. Some Viewpoints about Indian Buddhism of Tang Yongtong%汤用彤先生谈印度佛教哲学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤用彤; 武维琴

    2002-01-01

    按:汤用彤先生于1954年秋患脑溢血症,在他病情好转的情况下,曾为北大哲学系部分师生讲《印度佛教哲学》,并编有一部《印度佛教汉文资料选编》,供阅读参考。武维琴同志是用彤先生当时的研究生,本文是她据旧日笔记整理的。

  1. 佛学初传与中国佛教的建立%The First Spreading of Buddhism and the Foundation of Chinese Buddhim

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐玉田

    1994-01-01

    @@ 印度佛教,何时传入我国?从来众说纷纭.要深入研究中国教史,必需先解决两个问题:一是佛教何时传入中国,二是中国佛教何时建立.下面拟分别进行讨论.

  2. Some problems of Guangzhou Buddhism History in the early stage%关于早期广州佛教史的几个问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡巧利; 何方耀

    2001-01-01

    《广州简史》称:“中国佛教史上第一个佛经翻译家安世高于东汉建和元年(147)来中国,就是由海路到广州,后北上江淮。”但考之有关史志资料,这一结论并无足够的依据。

  3. 佛教成语源流考辨六则%Analyze in the Origin and Evolution of Six Buddhism Idioms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤仕普

    2012-01-01

    一些大型辞书在佛教成语的收录过程中,往往以中土文献为源,结果导致误释成语本义、义项设立不全等问题.文章以《汉语大词典》等四部大型辞书收录情况为基础,结合中土、佛教文献,对“半路出家”等六条成语进行源流演变、释义及义项设立等方面的考释.

  4. On Living Buddha Reincarnation System of Tibetan Buddhism in Yugur Ethnic Group%裕固族藏传佛教活佛转世制度初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾学锋

    2014-01-01

    裕固族活佛转世的形成距今已有近三百年的历史,至解放初有以噢尔加喇嘛、顾嘉堪布、智华活佛、长毛喇嘛等为主的十几个转世系统。在长期发展、演变过程中裕固族地区活佛转世制度产生了与蒙藏地区相同或相似之特征,也表现出一些不同之处。%Living Buddha Reincarnation System in the Yugur ethnic group was established about three hun -dred years ago .Before 1949 , there were about ten systems including Orjia Lama , Gujia Khenpo , Zhihua Bud-dha, Longhair Lama and others in Yugur area .After long period of development and changes , Living Buddha Reincarnation System in the Yugur Ethnic Group formed some features similar with Mongolian area and Tibetan area.And it had shaped its own characteristics .

  5. 论佛教与印度教中的“曼荼罗”文化%Discussion on the “Mandala Culture” in Buddhism and Hinduism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    扎曲

    2012-01-01

    “曼荼罗”符号在佛教(尤其是密宗)和印度教中都有“现象”上的同品运用,但符号所具有的所指意义,以及符号组合和内核的能指寓意并不相同.从佛教和印度教的发展历史和教义来看,曼荼罗符号有着交叉点,也存在各自的独立空间,主要体现在象征寓意、宗教思辨及灵修实践、寺院建筑布局等方面.

  6. The characteristics of Mandala in monastic architecture of Tibetan Buddhism%曼陀罗在藏传佛教寺院建筑中的体现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓红; 王一丁

    2006-01-01

    寺院建筑的精神意义超越建筑空间的实际功能意义,曼陀罗的特征不仅体现在寺院建筑布局上也体现在建筑单体设计中,通过分析大昭寺、桑耶寺、贡嘎曲德寺这些建筑实例,解释藏传佛教寺院建筑所反映的曼陀罗的特征.

  7. kristendom.dk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borup, Jørn

    2008-01-01

      Artikler om buddhisme: trosgrundlag, historie, retninger, myter, ritualer, fællesskaber, etik, kunst.......  Artikler om buddhisme: trosgrundlag, historie, retninger, myter, ritualer, fællesskaber, etik, kunst....

  8. A Temple as the Birthplace of Two Buddhism Sects--On the Status and Influence of Hubei Dangyang Yuquan Temple in Chinese Buddhism History%一寺而兼两祖庭--论湖北当阳玉泉寺在中国佛教史上的地位和影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马鹏翔

    2006-01-01

    被誉为"荆州丛林之冠"的湖北当阳玉泉寺在中国佛教史上有着极为重要的地位和影响.它既是中国第一个佛教宗派天台宗的祖庭①之一,又是禅宗北宗的祖庭.此外玉泉寺还与其它佛教宗派如律宗、净土宗、禅宗南宗等也有着极为密切的关系.隋唐之时,玉泉寺高僧辈出,国师云集;诸宗竞秀,蔚为大观,是当时全国的佛教中心之一.

  9. Toward a Buddhist Sociology: Theories, Methods, and Possibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schipper, Janine

    2012-01-01

    This article explores potential links between Buddhism and sociology, highlighting the many commonalities between sociology and Buddhism, with an emphasis on ways that Buddhist thought and practice may contribute to the field of sociology. What could Buddhism offer to our understanding of social institutions, social problems, and to the dynamics…

  10. Religious Factors Historically Affecting Premodern Korean Elite/Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jeong-Kyu

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this document is to analyze the historical influences of Confucianism and Buddhism on Korean culture and to explore the religions' impact on Korean higher education. Three questions comprised the research: 1) What are the characteristics of Buddhism and Confucianism in Korean cultural history? 2) How did Buddhism have an effect on…

  11. NEW BOOKS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Study of Nuns of Tibetan Buddhism Nuns constitute a part of members of Tibetan Buddhism. Recent years have seen more girls and women apply to be nuns. Studying the why and the female body of the members of Tibetan Buddhism is therefore of practical significance. Authored by Degyi Zholma, the book provides a panoramic description of nuns, including history and status quo. To write

  12. Five Major Religions in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    CHINA is a nation of many religions, the main five ones being Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Roman Catholicism and Christianity (Protestantism). There are also some special religions of some minority nationalities or regional beliefs. Buddhism was introduced into China from India around the First Century, and gradually developed into several sects including the Han-language-family Buddhism, the Tibetan-language-family Buddhism (or Lamaism) and Pali-language-family Buddhism. For all of these sects, recent data reveals there are more than 9,500 Buddhist temples and 170,000 monks

  13. The Analysis of Self-Compassion and Self-Construal in the Compassion-Contemplation of Buddhism%自悯与佛教慈悲观的自我构念差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭彦琴; 沈建丹

    2012-01-01

    西方自悯的思想主要来源于佛教的慈悲观,后者体现为在困境下个体对自我的认识和评价:在自我认知维度,慈悲意味着客观认识自己以及自他关系;在自我体验维度,慈悲意味着以慈悲喜舍等积极情绪应对不利情况;在自我调控维度,慈悲意味着通过行为的自我约束及觉知力实践训练建立稳定健康的心理功能.西方自悯因其自身的哲学思维限制没有触及佛教慈悲观核心理论,而佛教慈悲观的自我构念梳理有助于拓展、完善西方自我观的功能.

  14. Fusion Buddhism Music Between Tibetan and Chinese%藏汉佛教音乐的融合——康定鱼通区庄上村佛教音乐的田野调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江影

    2008-01-01

    最近,笔者对四川甘孜州康定鱼通区庄上村部分土生土长的藏族居民作了宗教信仰方面的初步考察,发现该地区居民宗教信仰以藏传佛教为主,其闻又夹杂着汉传佛教,本文主要是通过对该地区佛教音乐的分析,从而解读其藏汉佛教音乐相融的历史渊源.

  15. 论唐前期幽州地域羁縻州的佛教活动%A Study of the Buddhism Activities in Jimi,Youzhou in the Pre-Tang Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤李

    2011-01-01

    唐前期,幽州地区有一些羁縻州的胡人和汉人参与良乡县云居寺的刻经活动.慎州的靺鞨首长家族参与刻经活动,还有家族成员出家.安置内蕃靺鞨的燕州胡汉混居,胡人、汉人、道士都参与佛教刻经.安置内蕃突厥的顺州也是胡汉之民皆有,存在佛教徒.这些羁縻州的文化面貌呈现多元化特征.宗教信仰的转变是内蕃胡人及羁縻州汉化的重要标志.这些都是我们观察唐朝前期河北北部地域的文化特征和内蕃胡人的精神世界时值得重视的现象.

  16. Sinocentrism and its influence on Buddhism since the middle of Tang Dynasty%唐中期以来的华夷之辨及其对佛教的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王航

    2013-01-01

    唐代中期以来,面对民族危机和社会危机,文化上出现了保守主义趋势,华夷之辨又重新盛行.以韩愈为代表的一批士大夫,他们以华夷之辨为旗帜,从各方面批判佛教,打压了中国佛教的生存空间,在很大程度上改变了中国佛教发展的面貌.

  17. Hero, Myth and Metaphor: King Gesar as Archetype of Tibetan Local Identity and Buddhism%英雄、神话和隐喻:格萨尔王作为藏族民间认同和佛教原型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郁丹

    2009-01-01

    本文主要考察了史诗中人物的文化和宗教意义.在文化现实的层面上,认为民间传说是藏族民间文化认同的一个标志,蕴含着历史的和神话的内容;在宗教学和心理学的意义上,还认为格萨尔王也是一个原型人物(archetype).从荣格心理学的角度来理解,格萨尔人物的功能不仅局限在作为藏族民族英雄的框架中,更重要的是,他契合了藏传佛教历史上高僧大德的教义传播和大乘佛教中的菩萨的理念.虽然格萨尔王是一个藏族特有的民间人物,但他仍具有超越个人和跨文化的原型品质.

  18. On Communication of Buddhism Culture from Perspective of New Media——Lingyin Temple in Hangzhou as an Example%佛教文化的新媒体传播——以杭州灵隐寺为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琦; 罗京

    2015-01-01

    新媒体时代的到来为佛教文化传播带来发展的东风.以杭州灵隐寺为代表的传统庙宇在新媒体传播中,以弘扬佛教教义为精神旨归,精心建构传播文本,契合现实社会语境与受众心理期待,逐渐探索出新的传播模式与路径.

  19. Chon Tae Order of Korean Buddhism and its Key Monasteries(Part 2)%韩国佛教天台宗及主要寺院概览(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    普正

    2001-01-01

    韩国是一个佛教文化底蕴十分浓厚的国家,在韩国的文物和宝物中,据说百分之七十以上都是佛教文物,而大部分宝物都保存在寺院里,寺院的建筑更是韩国建筑艺术的精髓。虽然因宗派的不同,各寺院的建筑各具特色,但它们主体上都保持了佛教传统的建筑风格。

  20. 明末佛教丛林积弊及其颓败考察%Investigation of Long-standing Malpractice and Decadents of Jungle Discipline of Buddhism in the Late Ming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓玉

    2014-01-01

    In the late Ming Buddhist jungle disciplines got loose and the monks practiced the disciplines weakly. The malpractice got worse and worse. In the late Ming Dynasty the religious policies changed more along with the king's individual preference, which showed the characteristics of waste and revival with the changes of kings and the lack of a consistence and coherence. Estimating the history this paper finds national inappropriate religious management is the direct cause of many problems of Buddhist jungle in the late Ming.%明末的佛教丛林戒律废弛,寺僧修持不力,僧团寙败日深,丛林积弊重重。明代中后期的宗教政策更随着帝王的个人倾向代有变更,表现出一朝被废,一朝复兴的特点,缺乏一致和连贯性。揆诸史实,国家不恰当的宗教管理方式正是导致明末佛教丛林诸多问题的直接原因。

  1. 中国佛道建筑装饰与西方基督教建筑装饰比较%Comparision of the Architecture Adorment of China's Buddhism and Religion of Taoism with That of Western Christianity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张近慧

    2007-01-01

    宗教是人类发展史重要的组成部分,作为一种特定的文化形态,贯穿于社会生活之中,并以难以理解的力量支配着人们的精神世界.东西方不同的哲学思想,在宗教中有或类似或迥异的体现.文章从比较文化的角度,对中国佛教、道教建筑装饰和西方基督教建筑装饰进行分析比较,探讨中西方文化、艺术和哲学思想的异同.

  2. Buddhism,Medical Science and Hospice Care Practice——Based on the Anthropology%佛教、医学与临终关怀实践——基于人类学的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晋

    2007-01-01

    本文主要讨论佛教与临终关怀运动的结合,佛教所特有的生死哲学与冥想技术,为临终关怀运动的推广提供了重要的资源.通过对案例的叙述与分析,笔者将探讨在当代中国的语境下,佛教的临终关怀实践何以成为可能,并在更为抽象的认知层面,对医学与佛教做出比较.

  3. 忽必烈在六盘山皈依佛门与大元帝师制度%Kublai Khan converting to Buddhism at Liupan Moutain and the Emperor Preceptor system of Yuan Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱耀廷

    2010-01-01

    忽必烈在六盘山皈依佛门与此后实行大元帝师制度,是蒙元史上、同时也是中国历史上的重大历史事件.忽必烈借路吐蕃、皈依佛门,忽必烈主持佛道大辩论、八思巴在此次辩论的重大作用,忽必烈颁布珍珠诏书、八思巴开通万里驿路,以及八思巴建立萨迦政权,忽必烈实行大元帝师制度等,全面分析了这一历史事件的作用与意义.从此,藏传佛教得到蒙元帝王的崇信和支持,其自身也得到进一步发展,从而使藏传佛教的思想文化,逐渐与蒙汉民族的传统文化相融合,成为蒙元社会思想文化的主流.八思巴辅佐元世祖辅治西藏,为元朝实现对西藏地区的有效政治统治、在西藏地区贯彻实施元朝中央的行政区域制度,奠定了藏族统一干中华多民族大家庭的基础.

  4. 浅析八思巴与忽必烈的关系及其对河西佛教的影响%Relation between Bas-pa and Kublai Khan and its Influence on Buddhism in Hexi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹雁

    2005-01-01

    八思巴是藏传佛教萨迦派法主,其与元世祖忽必烈的关系在中国佛教史上具有重要意义,它一方面推动了中国佛教尤其是河西地区佛教的发展,另一方面也反映了元统治者利用佛教来有效控制吐蕃,巩固祖国西北边疆,达到"因其俗而治其人"的政治目的.

  5. 佛学与科学的融合与碰撞--以量子力学为例%Merge and Collision for Buddhism and Science:Quantum Mechanics as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗诗裕

    2015-01-01

    The idealist advocates that world is in my mind, while materialism advocates that the world is an objective real-ity.They think that understanding is just a subjective memory, or an objective reflection.In fact, the understanding process should be interacting process between subject and object.Without the interaction there would be no understanding.Any understanding should be subjective or objective, so both the subjective understanding without the object, and the objective understanding without subjective are not really understandings, because they cannot confirm philosophical abstraction.%唯心论说世界在我心中,唯物论说世界是客观存在。他们认为认识只是一种主观回忆,或是一种客观反映。其实,认识过程应该是主体和客体相互作用的过程,没有这种相互作用就没有认识。任何认识都应当是主观的也是客观的,离开了客体的主观认识与离开了主体的客观认识都不是真正的认识,因为它们都是不能证实的哲学抽象。

  6. Discussion on similarities between Guizhou Sorcery and Religious Cultural Phenomenon of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and Sorcery%试论贵州邪教与佛道儒巫宗教文化现象的相似性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安尊华

    2013-01-01

    贵州佛道儒巫虽有其自身的特性,但相互间并非完全对立和排斥,其包容性形成了佛道儒巫混杂的宗教文化现象,这种文化现象与邪教在信仰目标、教主崇拜、修炼方式、有经典和教义作为组织的依托等方面有一定的相似性,从而使贵州佛道儒巫混杂的宗教文化有可能为邪教的产生和存在提供温床.

  7. 人神遇合:魏晋六朝道佛争锋的叙事策略%Communication between Men and Gods: the Narrative Strategy of Struggle between Buddhism and Taoism during the Six Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊永翔; 阳清

    2009-01-01

    魏晋六朝之际,道教和佛教互相争夺生存空间,使得人为宗教背景下的造神运动蓬勃兴起.道佛伪托以人神遇合为主题内容的神异叙事,或以扬长避短、取长补短,或以攻讦和打击对方,或以压制地方崇拜,或向儒家精神积极靠拢.并在很大程度上呈现出浓郁的宗教氛围.从某种意义来说,人神遇合成为魏晋六朝道佛争锋主要的叙事策略之一.

  8. The World of Buddhism in Mine:Landscape Design of Qiyan Temple in Bengbu Baishi Mountain%矿坑中的佛教世界--蚌埠白石山栖岩寺景观设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘江黎; 吴兵

    2014-01-01

    bengbu baishi mountain has a very unique local landform, throughout the large and small abandoned mines and quarries of the temple environment special scenery. Qiyan temple, the landscape is not only limited to the temple of internal environment, more in the whole white stone mountain. Using the concept of buddhist world view to build the whole live Qiyan temple habitat landscape is the entire temple is very important in landscape design way of thinking. Gives each pit to the meaning of the buddhist culture, and clever use middle eastern lapis lazuli world, western elysium, retinues, underground nether world habitat to differentiate and explain the whole Qiyan temple landscape layout, the unique landscape and the mysterious buddhist world together, made the abandoned mines and quarries unique temple scenery line, give a person infinite daydream. This is a habitat rock temple, the landscape design of differentiation.%蚌埠白石山有着非常独特的地域地貌,遍布的大大小小的废弃的矿坑和采石场构成了整个寺院环境中特殊的风景。栖岩寺的景观不仅仅局限于寺院内部的小环境,更放大到了整个白石山。利用佛教世界观的理念来打造整个栖岩寺景观是整个栖岩寺景观设计中非常重要的思路。将每一个矿坑都赋予佛教文化的含义,并巧妙的用东方琉璃世界、西方极乐世界、中间娑婆世界、地下幽冥世界来划分和解释整个栖岩寺景观布局,将独特的地貌和玄妙的佛教世界结合在了一起,变废弃的矿坑和采石场为独一无二的寺院风景线,给人无限的遐想。这就是栖岩寺景观设计的与众不同之处,本项目目前正在建设中。

  9. The Relationship Between Female Tragedy and Buddhism in The Story of the Stone%论《红楼梦》中女性悲剧与佛教的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚国香

    2016-01-01

    Hailed as the best novel of chapters, The Story of the Stone displays a holographic picture of a cultural history and Buddhist culture is also visible everywhere in this novel. The whole novel is integrated with the Buddhist essence such as the thought of matter and change. At the same time, The Story of the Stone is the first literaty works in the history of Chinese literature, which is the most feminine consciousness in Chinese classical literature. The author skillfully connects the Buddhist thoughts with the female temperament and destiny in which aims to display the tragedy of women in the feudal society, and to reveal the darkness of the society.%《红楼梦》作为章回体小说的巅峰之作,被誉为历史文化的全息图像,处处可见佛教文化的身影。“因空间色”,“自色生空”,整部小说都是围绕着佛教的“色空”“无常”思想展开。同时,《红楼梦》是中国历史上第一部以女性为文学叙事中心的文学作品,是中国古典文学中女性意识最强的作品。作者巧妙地将佛教文化与《红楼梦》中女性性情、命运紧密相连在一起,旨在书写生活在封建社会中女性的悲剧,控诉社会的黑暗。

  10. 论鉴真东渡后唐代佛教对日本佛教的影响%On the influnce of the Buddhism in Tang Dynasty upon that in Japan after monk Jianzhen's orient sailing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李寅生

    2002-01-01

    唐代高僧鉴真是中日佛教文化交流史上具有重要影响的人物之一,他历尽艰辛,东渡弘法,使日本的佛教发生了新的变化,被称之为日本新佛教.本文所论述的即是鉴真东渡后唐代佛教对日本佛教的影响,从中亦可看出七、八世纪时中日文化交流的盛况.

  11. OnYang Qi Faction's Gong An Style in North Song Dynasty Lin Ji Zen Buddhism%北宋临济宗杨岐派的公案禅

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    土屋太祐

    2006-01-01

    杨岐派禅师继承黄龙派的革新运动,用唯一的"理"来消解公案的差别性,实现了公案的平等化.在此过程中公案的具体意义不断地被抽空,出现了"悟"的纯粹体验主义.这些动态为大慧宗杲看话禅的出现做了准备.

  12. The Thinking of the Field of Blessedness in Buddhism and Cherish Charity in the Medieval China%《佛说诸德福田经》与中古佛教的慈善事业

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国刚

    2003-01-01

    及其经变画宣传一种福田思想,倡导僧俗大众通过救助济贫、施医治病和养护放生,获得福报.其理念与实践尽管有宗教的色彩,但是在客观上有利于社会公益事业,佛教福田观念是中华慈善思想的重要来源.

  13. From Mandala to Freestyle:Discussion about the Change of Tibetan Buddhism Monastery's Layout%从曼陀罗到自由式——谈藏传佛教寺院布局形制的转变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄跃昊

    2010-01-01

    西藏早期的寺院布局主要是采用印度的曼陀罗模式,后弘期以来,藏传佛教寺院布局避渐开始形成自身特点,采用自由式布局.谊文从青藏高原特殊地理气候、人文环境、寺院组织与等级制度等角度分析了藏传佛教寺院自由武布局形成的原因.

  14. 《葛藤语笺》词典学价值管窥--以《禅宗大词典》为参照对象%Lexicography Value of Hokudo Jian---Taking Zen Buddhism Dictionary as Reference Object

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彬

    2016-01-01

    The zen dictionary Hokudo Jian was written by a Japanese scholar TAO Zhong .As for the codifi-cation style, the usage of “sub-volume classification, classification according to the ‘word’ (word) colla-tions” taxonomy, not only facilitatessearch by category for readers , but also facilitates statistics purpose for researchers .In addition to words , it includes the evasion of Zen sect and Zen books vocabulary idioms , and interpretation of “homologous” words .In the supplement explanation , it is more comprehensive because of the usage of literal meaning , pragmatic interpretation , and the combined use of inner and outer codes . Hokudo Jian has an important reference valueon contemporary lexicography .%《葛藤语笺》为日本学者无著道忠禅师所著的一部禅语辞书。在编纂体例上,采用“分卷中分类,分类中依‘言’(字)归类”的分类法,不仅便于读者按类查找,也便于研究者统计使用情况;在词语增补上,不仅囊括漏收的禅门宗门语汇以及禅籍俗成语,而且收释“同源异体”词;在补证释义上,字面义、语用义分释,内典外典结合,更加全面。《葛藤语笺》对当今辞书编纂具有重要的参考价值。

  15. 寻源探流 传承发展——从鱼山梵呗看佛教音乐的"中国化"%Finding the origin, and Develop the custom - the "Chinesization" of Buddhism Music from the view of Yu -shan Fan - beiFinding the origin, and Develop the custom - the "Chinesization" of Buddhism Music from the view of Yu -shan Fan - bei.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯光钰

    2006-01-01

    梵呗是传自古印度的一种带有吟诵性质的佛教音乐.公元229年由曹植创制的鱼山梵呗,标志着外来佛教音乐开始迈入"中国化"的进程.本文从曹植与鱼山梵呗、梵呗与鱼山梵呗、鱼山梵呗--中国化佛教音乐的精髓三个方面,寻源探流,论述了鱼山梵呗和中国佛教音乐作为中国传统音乐的宝贵遗产,应当得到更好的保护和传承发展.

  16. Buddhist Activism and Chinese Modernity

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The history of modern Chinese Buddhism has begun to attract attention in recent years. Some scholars have done inspiring research as they unravel the integration of Buddhism into the highly secularized process of Chinese modernity by drawing on the repository of knowledge on modern China. While this special issue joins this exciting endeavor, it also uses Buddhism as a window to reflect on scholarship on Chinese modernity. Conceptually, this special issue presses scholars in the field of mode...

  17. Jigten Gönpo on meat and alcohol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sobisch, Jan-Ulrich

    2013-01-01

    A review of the principle arguments for the prohibition or permission of meat and alcohol in the three vehicles of Buddhism.......A review of the principle arguments for the prohibition or permission of meat and alcohol in the three vehicles of Buddhism....

  18. The Changes of Tibetan Buddhist Monastery in the Past Half Century -- A Case Study of Drepung Monastery%The Changes of Tibetan Buddhist Monastery in the Past Half Century -- A Case Study of Drepung Monastery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tanzen Lhundup

    2011-01-01

    The most unique characteristic of Tibetan society has been the prevailing domination of Tibetan Buddhism for centuries and its regime combining administration and religion. As Melvyn Goldstein said, "Buddhism has played a central role in Tibetan society, defining morality and the fundamental meaning of existence throuzh its core notions of karma,

  19. YINSHUN'S RECOVERY OF SHIZHU PIPOSHA LUN A MADHYAMAKA-BASED PURE LAND PRACTICE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY TAIWAN

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Travagnin, Stefania

    2013-01-01

    Yinshun (1906-2005) is regarded as one of the eminent monks of twentieth-century Chinese Buddhism. In the mission of reinventing Chinese Buddhism Yinshun engaged particularly in the revival and restatement of Madhyamaka. His interpretation of Ngrjuna's texts, the reassessment of the links between pr

  20. Training vs. Education in Forming Won Buddhist "Kyomus" in the USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Bokin

    2006-01-01

    An historically familiar tension in East Asian Buddhism between meditation and cultivation in broad learning has appeared in discussions and planning for preparing ministerial students in Won Buddhism. This paper reviews the history of preparation in this order, which was founded in 1916. While the alternatives of training based on practice and…

  1. BOOK REVIEWS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This book by Professor Chen Yunü is a multi-faceted study of Buddhism during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644).The aim of the research as stated by the author is to clarify the social role of Buddhist institutions during that period and to explicate the "laicization" of Buddhism during the Ming (pp.30-31).

  2. Elder Gongga 貢噶老人 (1903-1997) between China, Tibet and Taiwan : Assessing Life, Mission and Mummification of a Buddhist Woman

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Travagnin, Stefania

    2016-01-01

    Elder Gongga (1903-1997), a Chinese Buddhist woman native of Beiping, played a crucial role in the transmission of Tibetan Buddhism in China and Taiwan, bridged Dharma traditions, and merged Buddhist and cultural identities; she also became an eminent nun in the history of female Buddhism for life a

  3. Buddhist Activism and Chinese Modernity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung-yok Ip

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The history of modern Chinese Buddhism has begun to attract attention in recent years. Some scholars have done inspiring research as they unravel the integration of Buddhism into the highly secularized process of Chinese modernity by drawing on the repository of knowledge on modern China. While this special issue joins this exciting endeavor, it also uses Buddhism as a window to reflect on scholarship on Chinese modernity. Conceptually, this special issue presses scholars in the field of modern China to rethink the place of tradition in the course of modernity. Thematically we show the expansionist impulse of Chinese Buddhism: In addition to envisioning the geographical expansion of their religion, Chinese Buddhists have endeavored to enhance the significance of Buddhism in various dimensions of Chinese society in particular and human life in general.

  4. Countercurrents from the West: “blue-eyed” Zen masters, Vipassanā meditation, and Buddhist psychotherapy in contemporary Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bongseok Joo, Ryan

    2011-01-01

    One surprising and yet relatively unknown aspect of contemporary Korean Buddhism is the significant influence of American and European Buddhism. Between 1989 and 2009, South Koreans witnessed well-educated “blue-eyed” monastic residents via the Korean media, and the emergence of new bestsellers by authors like Thich Nhat Hahn and Jack Kornfield, written initially for Western audiences but since translated into Korean. The new teachings from the West have inspired a sudden growth of interest in vipassanā meditation as an “alternative” to Kanhwa Sŏn practice, and the emergence of a new academic field: Buddhist psychotherapy. This new wave of transnational influence from the West has changed not only the way Koreans practice Buddhism but also how they perceive Buddhist history and their own identities. In addition, the perceived “prestige” of Buddhism in the West has provided a new rhetorical strategy to defend Buddhism against other religions, particularly Korean evangelical Christianity.

  5. ALAM SEMESTA (LINGKUNGAN DAN KEHIDUPAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF BUDHISME NICHIREN DAISHONIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Rahayu Wilujeng

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Buddhism taught by Sidhartha Gautama in India about two thousand years B.C. has spread throughout the world. From India to Tibetan Buddhism evolved, China and into Japan. Buddhism in Japan has distinct characteristics compared to Buddhism elsewhere. In Japan, Buddhism is mixed with a strong Japanese spirituality. This paper is the result of a brief research on the book, as well as the Buddhists by means of dialogue. The general objective of this paper is to get a general idea of ​​the concept of Nichiren cosmology, particularly on the subject of the universe (environment and life. The specific objective of this paper is the growing awareness to be open to understand other religions. It takes an attitude to want to investigate a  religion without fanaticial attitude or prejudice. Key words: Nichiren Daishonin, Universe, Life

  6. ChinaEthical Challenges for Church and Society in a Globalised World

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ChristophStuckelberger

    2004-01-01

    China with its very long history and profound culture has a highly developed moral basis in its society. This culture is influenced by different,impressive value systems,especially Confucianism,but also Buddhism,

  7. Contemporary Tibetan's View of Tulkus(sprul-sku)%当代藏族人的活佛观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    嘎·达哇才仁

    2010-01-01

    @@ Introduction This article relies on a combination of questionnaires and interviews in an attempt to understand contemporary Tibetans' basic opinions of and attitudes towards incarnate lamas.The incarnate lama is the highest religious practitioner in Tibetan Buddhism.

  8. Religion in Human Culture: An Elective Social Studies Course about World Religions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Lee H.; Bodin, Wesley J.

    1978-01-01

    Outlines a course which utilizes rational processes to teach high school students about religious diversity. Topics covered are Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and religious issues in contemporary society. (Author/DB)

  9. Ritual Implements and Sacrificial Objects——Exhibits of Tibet Museum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Most TibetanBuddhist ritualimplements andsacrificialobjects were cast in gold,silver or copper, in additionto those made of wood,bone,stone,shells,cloth,silks and brocade heyconstitute an important partof he treasure house ofTibetan Buddhism.

  10. NAMI

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Turning the Clock May Turn Your Mood Practicing Mindfulness through Kindness and Compassion Discovering New Options: Self-Help Cognitive Behavioral Therapy How Buddhism Benefits Mental Health Viewing ADHD with A More Positive Attitude Time ...

  11. Literacy and Adult Education in Ceylon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumathipala, K. H. M.

    1971-01-01

    A short review of the development of adult education in Ceylon, from the introduction of Buddhism in the third century B. C. to the present time, with emphasis on twentieth century programs and achievements. (JB)

  12. THE SEARCH FOR PEACE AND HARMONY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The first international Buddhist forum in China calls for a harmonious world C iting the famous quotation by Sakyamuni Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, "He who plants a tree will go to Heaven," Buddhist masters note that the religion advocates

  13. Having views, abandoning views

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sobisch, Jan-Ulrich

    2013-01-01

    In the bKa' brgyud tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, holding a philosophical view cannot produce an understanding of ultimate reality. The article contains some arguments why views must ultimately be abandoned....

  14. Writing History of Buddhist Thought in the Twentieth Century: Yinshun (1906-2005 in the Context of Chinese Buddhist Historiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Bingenheimer

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Venerable Yinshun 印 順 (1906–2005 was the eminent scholar-monk in twentieth-century Chinese Buddhism. This paper is about his historiographical practice and tries to outline his position in Chinese Buddhist historiography especially in reference to the Song dynasty historian Zhipan 志磐 (thirteenth century. It tries to answer the question in what ways Yinshun can be said to have modernized Buddhist historiography for Chinese Buddhism.

  15. 一个佛教徒的科学观——在中北大学"科学视野中的佛教"研讨会上的发言%A Buddhist View on Science——Keynote Speech on the Seminar in Topic of Buddhism in Vision of Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    学诚

    2008-01-01

    @@ 三百年来,科学的发展取得了举世瞩目的成就,其成果被用来改造自然界,并极大地促进了人类物质生活的改善.对世界上大多数人来说,并不一定真正懂得科学是什么,由于科学所带来的实实在在的利益,使人们对之产生越来越坚固的信赖,这种信赖也反过来加速了科学的发展.

  16. 中国佛教协会、中华宗教文化交流协会联合举办"科学视野中的佛教"研讨会%B. A. C. and CRCCA Jointly Held the Seminar in Topic of Buddhism in Vision of Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐长安

    2008-01-01

    @@ 中新社北京10月27日电(记者 徐长安)中华宗教文化交流协会27日发布消息称,刚刚闭幕的"科学视野中的佛教"研讨会是中国国内首次围绕宗教与科学关系展开的对话,本次会议是一次重要的尝试.

  17. Comparison of Wang Wei's Landscape Poetry and Matuwo Baseu's Haiku——Centered around the Influence of Zen Buddhism and Taoism%王维山水诗与松尾芭蕉俳句之比较——以禅道思想影响为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周建萍

    2009-01-01

    王维是盛唐山水田园诗派的代表,他笔下的山水田园景色具有"情景交融,诗画一体"的美感.松尾芭蕉是日本俳坛上的"俳圣",他所创立的"蕉风俳谐",是日本诗歌史上的里程碑.王维和松尾芭蕉虽然处在不同时代、不同国度和不同民族,但他们的审美对象和艺术风格却很相似,其原因应该在于禅道思想的影响使他们形成了相近的世界观和美学思想.王维表现出的是牧歌式的适意,芭蕉流露出的是苦寒之色.尽管如此,他们在执着于艺术之道的追求中,终究是形成了相似的艺术精神.

  18. The Teaching of Meditation with Different Levels in Contemporary Mahayana Buddhism in Han Language——In Example of Most Ven.Sheng Yen in Dharma Drum Mountain%当代汉传禅法的"层次化"教学——以法鼓山圣严法师为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    果毅

    2010-01-01

    @@ 一、前 言 中国禅宗是佛教发展中一颗璀璨的明珠,是汉传佛教的集大成者,也是最主要的特色.千古以来,历代祖师大德自身实践禅法的修行,一旦有所体悟,莫不是积极投入禅的教学工作,苦心陶铸锻炼弟子,以期弟子也能有所证悟,光大门庭,灯灯相传,使禅法传持不绝.

  19. The Sound of Chanting Scriptures and Buddhist Fire Are Both Chilling and Bleak——On Nalanxingde's Understanding of Buddhism%经声佛火两凄迷——浅谈纳兰性德对佛教的认识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张一民; 李生亚

    2009-01-01

    纳兰性德爱好佛学,他的诗文作品中有明显佛学色彩.本文从环境、阅读、修行等三个方面,探讨了纳兰性德对佛教的认识,及其在诗词创作中所受到的影响.

  20. The Afghanistan Buddhism and the Bamiyan Grand Buddha -- Talks with Mr. Cao Hua-Shan, the professor of Archaeology Department of Peking University%阿富汗佛教与巴米扬大佛--访北京大学考古学系晁华山教授

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑吉

    2001-01-01

    @@ 公元632年,也就是贞观六年,西行求法的玄奘法师历经艰辛来到中亚一个叫"梵衍那"的地方,不由惊叹于巨大佛像的辉煌壮丽,多年以后在他那本举世闻名的《大唐西域记》中回忆说:

  1. 敦煌佛教的世俗化——理论与实践国际学术研讨会议程%International Symposium on the Vulgarization of Buddhism of Dunhuang——Theory and Practice Conference Agenda

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ 会议注意事项(Notes): 1、发表论文时间为15分钟.于12分钟时主持人提醒,15分钟终止发言. Each speaker is given 15 minutes for his/ her presentation. The moderator is to give warning 3 minutes in advance.

  2. 社会救济法律制度与宗教在价值基础上的整合——以基督教和佛教为例的考察%On the Concordance of Social Relief Rule and Religions Value Basis——Review Based on Christianly and Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周正

    2004-01-01

    社会救济作为重要的一项法律制度长期存在着,而宗教这一同样长期的人文现象则在其中承载着巨大的思想和实践的价值功能.通过对西方基督教和中国佛教的社会救济功能的考察,可以发现它们在价值基础上的整合.

  3. A polêmica sobre supostos “empréstimos” do Budismo ao Cristianismo e sua relevância para a fase inicial da Ciência da Religião institucionalizada (The polemics on alleged “borrowings” of Christianity from Buddhism. DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2013v11n31p914

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Usarski

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Na segunda década do século XX iniciou-se um debate polêmico sobre a possibilidade de que fontes budistas tenham influenciado escrituras cristãs. Nas décadas seguintes, o assunto tornou-se um tópico intensamente debatido em círculos acadêmicos da época, mas a controversa se acalmou ainda antes da Primeira Guerra Mundial. O presente artigo oferece um resumo sistemático do debate em questão e possibilita a hipótese de que em dois sentidos a discussão era sintomática para os Estudos da Religião da época. Primeiro, o debate era expressão de um interesse comparativo nas religiões que começou a se articular ainda antes da institucionalização da Ciência da Religião em universidades europeias. Segundo, após a incorporação oficial da Ciência da Religião nos currículos acadêmicos, as conquistas teóricas e instrumentais no âmbito da disciplina sensibilizaram para o caráter especulativo dos argumentos a favor da chamada “hipótese da dependência” e contribuíram para o declínio da discussão sobre supostos “empréstimos” do Budismo ao Cristianismo. Palavras-chave: Fontes budistas. Textos cristãos. Estudos Comparados da Religião. História da Ciência da Religião.   Abstract The second half of the 20th century witnessed the upswing of a polemic debate about the possibility that Buddhist sources may have influenced Christian scriptures. For the next decades, the issue became an intensely debated topic within certain academic circles, until the controversy lost its momentum before World War I. The present article offers an overview of the debate and argues that the controversy was in a twofold sense symptomatic for Religious Studies in the time under investigation. Firstly, the debate was an expression of the comparative impetus, which became prominent even before its institutionalization in European universities. Secondly, after the official incorporation of Religious Studies into the academic curriculum, the discipline’s theoretical and instrumental conquests shed a light on the speculative character of the arguments in favor of the so called “dependency-hypothesis” and contributed to the decline of the debate about the possibility that Christian scriptures could have borrowed material from Buddhist sources. Keywords: Buddhists sources. Christian scriptures. Comparative Religion. History of Science of Religion 

  4. 论苦的产生和消除——叔本华悲观人生哲学与古代东方佛教思想之比较%On the Generation and Elimination of Suffering——A Comparison between the Pessimistic Philosophy of Life of Schopenhauer and the Oriental Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王煜国

    2010-01-01

    叔本华是西方哲学史上著名的悲观主义哲学家.在他看来,人生来就是受苦的.他对于苦的产生和消除的理解,和古代佛教格外相似.佛家主张人有"八苦",叔本华对苦的产生之理解多归于"求不得",两者对苦的消除途径也大相径庭.

  5. Mogula (Sorcerer) in The Story of Zaoshutun--The duality of Sorcery and Buddhism in The Story of Zaoshutun%《召树屯》里的摩古拉--谈《召树屯》的巫佛二重性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵云芳

    2006-01-01

    是傣族著名的民间叙事长诗,在其形成与发展的过程中,佛教是一个重要的影响因素,除此之外,傣族的原始宗教也在这个过程中发挥了重要作用,本文结合傣族特定的历史背景,说明是傣族原始宗教与佛教相结合的产物.而里的巫师摩古拉形象,是这一磨合过程中的一个艺术典型.

  6. 人生体验的会通与文学创作的资鉴——论沈从文与佛教文化的关系%The Introjection of Life Experience and the Reference of Literarture Creation——on the relation of Shen-congwen and Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙永干

    2011-01-01

    作为"自然之子",沈从文身上依然表现出复杂的传统文化质素.就他与佛教文化关系而言,其对人生的认识,人性的设置,题材的借鉴,审美心态的生成,以及人物塑造与艺术表现等都可见到他与佛家文化的会通与资鉴.

  7. Faith in Icon and Icon in Faith: Interpretation of Diagram of Reincarnation in Tibetan Buddhism%图像中的信仰与信仰中的图像——藏传佛教六道轮回图释义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐小蓉

    2007-01-01

    宗教图像把经验与超验、真实与虚幻、欲望与禁忌等二元对立要素组织在同一观照过程中,并通过价值联想的方式构建一个经验事实.这种价值联想是对观视者自身在社会化过程中所习得经验的组织、提炼与整合.宗教图像把语言构造的教义理念的核心部分,物质化地凝固在一个有限的、可感知的局部空间中,让信众在知觉图像的过程中感受宗教,以直观生动的方式来引导和教化信众.而作为宗教信仰的象征符号,任何一个宗教图像都可能面对两种潜在的观众:信仰者和非信仰者.从非信仰者的角度审视宗教图像,人们依托的是自己特定的知识经验背景和以往世俗生活意义进行注解,寻找其宗教学线索和宗教艺术品的审美感受,而对于信仰者而言,每一个图像的知觉都试图唤起其内心的感验与参悟,即体验和拥有宗教.本文以藏传佛教六道轮回图为例,通过投射分析,说明宗教图像在两类不同观者内心唤起的不同心理释义过程,从一个侧面也反映出宗教图像教化功能的社会心理机制.

  8. 尊重活佛转世传统保障宗教信仰自由——写在《藏传佛教活佛转世管理办法》颁布之际%Respect the Tradition of Reincarnation of Living Buddha of Tibetan Buddhism Ensure the Freedom of Religious Belief

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    国家宗教局政策法规司

    2007-01-01

    2007年7月18日,国家宗教事务局颁布《藏传佛教活佛转世管理办法》(以下简称《办法》)。这是我国政府贯彻实施《宗教事务条例》,依法保护公民宗教信仰自由的又一重要举措,是我国藏传佛教界盼望已久的大喜事。

  9. The Problem of the Inefficacy of Knowledge in Early Buddhist Soteriology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan Showler

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Early Buddhism has been described as a “gnostic soteriology” in that itsees the chief cause of life’s unsatisfactoriness to be ignorance of certain metaphysical truths, and that once this ignorance is eliminated through awareness of the true nature of reality, the suffering that is rooted in ignorance goes away with it. In what follows, I will describe a significant problem that early Buddhism faces, as does any gnostic soteriology, and propose a solution to the problem. This is a quasi-analytic study of early Buddhist epistemology in that it applies some of the standard ideas about knowledge that have guided analytic epistemology for some time to a specific problem that confronts the early Buddhist attempt to claim that knowing some truths about reality will transform us in some significant way. When speaking of “early Buddhism” in what follows, I intend those teachings contained in thePali canon, which the Theravada tradition has sought to preserve. Historically Buddhism quickly moves away from the Theravada focus on nirvana and into the various schools of the “Great Vehicle” of the Mahayana Tradition. My characterization of Buddhism as a gnostic soteriology refers only to a form of Buddhism that may be limited to the earliest part of the movement and the conservative wing (Theravada that has sought to preserve its earliest form ever since.

  10. From Buddhist Hippies to Buddhist Geeks: The Emergence of Buddhist Postmodernism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Gleig

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on discourse analysis and ethnography, this paper will critically examine the effects of generational differences emerging in North American Buddhism through an analysis of the Buddhist Geeks network. Buddhist Geeks is an online Buddhist media company and community that launched in 2007. It consists of a weekly audio podcast and a digital magazine component and since 2011, has hosted an annual conference. I will discuss the main characteristics and concerns of the Buddhist Geeks community and explore how it can be situated both in relationship to traditional Buddhism and Buddhist modernism. In conclusion, I reflect on whether Buddhist Geeks signals the emergence of a new, distinctly postmodern stage in the wider assimilation of Buddhism in America.

  11. Buddhist Revival under State Watch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Laliberté

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Chinese Communist Party has shown tolerance, if not direct support, for the growth of Buddhism over the last few decades. Three explanations for this lenient attitude are explored in this article. The flourishing of Buddhism is encouraged by the state less for its propaganda value in foreign affairs than for its potential to lure tourists who will, in turn, represent a source of revenue for local governments. Buddhist institutions are also establishing their track record in the management of philanthropic activities in impoverished area where local governments lack the resources to offer specific social services. Finally, the development of such activities has contributed to enhance cooperation between China and Taiwan, whose governments have a vested interest in the improvement of relations across the Strait. The article concludes that the growth of Buddhism in China results from the initiatives of Buddhists themselves, and the government supports this growth because it serves local politics well.

  12. Exorcising the Mandala: Kālacakra and the Neo-Pentecostal Response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Harrington

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the late 1990s, the Dalai Lama's "Kalachakra for World Peace" initiation has emerged as a central site where Tibetan Buddhism and its relationship to the West have been imagined and acted upon by a movement within evangelical Christianity called Spiritual Mapping. In Mapping understanding, the Kālacakra is a vehicle by which the current Dalai Lama prepares for the end times by seeking to transform America into "a universal Buddhocracy" called the Kingdom of Shambhala. Tibetan Buddhism is, in short, a missionary competitor for global religious domination. Here, the Tibetan-evangelical encounter is presented as the by-product of the simultaneous globalizations of Tibetan Buddhism and Evangelicalism with the human rights discourse in late twentieth century America. The "exorcism of the mandala" is read as both by-product and critique of globalization, and to engender a thoughtful re-evaluation of long-standing Buddhist Studies analytics.

  13. Main Contents Abstracts and Key Words

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Metaphor and Symbol: Religious Connotations and its Spread of LaoZi's Illustrations of the Eighty-one Conversions HU Chuntao [Abstract] LaoZi's illustrations of the eighty-one conversions has some kinds of connection with LaoZiHuaHU Oing, thus it suffered disputes under the argument between Buddhism and Taoism. In twenty years after its first appearance, the set of illustration developed rapidly, but it once disappeared under the attack of Buddhism and governor in Yuan dynasty. Over a century later, it came back in the first half of the 15th century and spreaded widely in the 16th century. The set of illustration and its process of spreading filled with metaphorical atmosphere. [Key words]LaoZi's illustrations of the eighty-one conversions; relationship between Buddhism and Taoism; spread

  14. 从"理学别派"到士人佛学——由明清思想史的主题演进试论近代唯识学的思想特质%From the"Alternative School of Principles" to the Lay Buddhism:On the conceptual features of modern Consciousness-Only School from the perspective of the evolution of thought during the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志强

    2009-01-01

    The best representatives of the self-reflection of xinxue心学(the School of Mind)and its development during the Ming and Qing Dynasties are the three masters from the late Ming Dynasty.The overall tendency is to shake off the internal constraints of the School of Mind by studying the Confucian classics and history.During the Qing Dynasty,Dai Zhen had attempted to set up a theoretical system based on Confucian classics and history,offering a theoretical foundation for a new academic movement that gradually suspended issues studied by the School of Mind.But the suspension of these issucs does not Mind)has emerged from a bottleneck in the development of the Conlucian yi li transcendent connection between the doctrine of meanings and principles and the Dao was through the internality of belief.In this case,the Lay Buddhists,represented by Peng Shaosheng,Wang Dashen and Luo Yougao,as lixue biepai Mind had undertaken in the late Ming Dynasty,thus becoming a shelter for the Confucian doctrine of meanings and principles.To a certain extent,the revival of simply a continuance of the"Alternative School of Principles".It took over the Lay Buddhist theme of the doctrine of meanings and principles of the Qing Dynasty and tried to construct a new pattern of learning for Confucian classics that matched up with the doctrine of meanings and principles,offering a model of integration for the reconstruction of the Confucian tradition.%明清之际对心学的检讨以及心学内部的发展,以晚明三大师为代表,其总的倾向是以经史之学的学问方式走出心学的内在性束缚.到了清代,戴震则尝试从独立的经史之学出发建设一种新的理论系统,试图为这一逐渐搁置心学问题的新的学术运动提供理论基础.不过,心学的被搁置,并不意味着心学所指涉问题的消失.彭绍升的"心宗"已经突破了儒家义理学发展的瓶径:义理学与道体的超越关联必须透过信仰的内在性来获得.以彭绍升、汪大绅、罗有高为代表的居士佛教,作为"理学别派",承担起了在晚明由心学所承担的功能,从而成为儒家义理学的寄身之所.近代唯识学的复兴,在一定意义上是对"理学别派"的继承.不仅在义理学的意义上接过了清代居士佛学的主题,更在清代朴学的传统上,尝试重构一种与义理学配合的新的经学模式,在唯识学的基盘上为重构儒学传统提供了一种极有意义的整合模式.

  15. Balancing the Direct and Indirect Approaches: Implications for Ending the Violence in Southern Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    place daily. More than 2,500–3,000 years into its history, Thailand and the Indo-China region were influenced by Brahmanism ( Hinduism ) and Buddhism... Hinduism and Buddhism from India, beginning in the 7th century; then Islam was brought to the area and to other countries in Southeast Asia in the 13th...the 7th century, the three southern provinces of Thailand were called the “Lankasuka Empire” and influenced by Hinduism . People lived their lives by

  16. Dhyana-thumb-pus hing Manipulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Guo-quan; CUI Xue-jun

    2003-01-01

    @@ The dhyana-thumb-pushing manipulation is the chief one inthe Dhyana Thumb Tuina School; it's also a characteristic manipulation and plays an important role in the TCM Tuina teaching and clinical treatment. The name came from Jingdechuanzhonglu() and was used in the Chan sect of Buddhism. According to the book, in Song Dynansty, Judi Buddhist Monk asked Tianlong Buddhist Monk for the dhyana. Tianlong erected a finger but said nothing, Judi deeply comprehended the dhyana. Later on, if someone asked him for the Buddhism doctrine, he did the same act. Before Judi died, he said: "I accepted a thumb Dhyana from Tianlong and benefited from it all my life."

  17. 独树一帜的藏传佛教觉域派尼僧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    德吉卓玛

    2005-01-01

    The Joyul tradition, which was founded in the 11th century; was one of the most important sects of Tibetan Buddhism. This tradition may trace its origins back to Pha Dampa Sangye, a well-known monk who was a native of South India, and was founded by Macik Labdron(ma-cig lab-sgron), a famous Tibetan Yogini (a female practitioner of the Yogachara schooD. It was the only sect founded by a female in the history of Tibetan Buddhism, and this is also rarely seen in the world history of world religions.

  18. Play Your City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pihl, Ole Verner

    The concept of the Botanic garden 1. Five squares of the five monotheistic religions introduced: Christianity, Buddhism, Islam Judaism and Hindu. 2. The two islands contain parts of Greek mythology and Shinto. 3. Nordic mythology is a part of the Crystal Forest. 4. "The writer's path" leads from...

  19. Signature Strengths in Positive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molony, Terry; Henwood, Maureen

    2010-01-01

    Positive psychology can be thought of as the scientific study of what is "right about people" as opposed to the traditional focus on the healing of psychological pain or trauma. The philosophical roots of positive psychology can be traced back to Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, as well as Islamic and Athenian…

  20. Review on Yinshun's Historical Investigation of Bodhisattva Idea%印顺对菩萨观念的源流考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李思凡; 徐弢

    2012-01-01

    印顺认为,佛教在印度本土走向衰亡的根本原因是它逐渐背离初期佛教"以人为中心"的原则,蜕变为以"欲界的低级天神"为中心的宗教。为借鉴这一教训来探求当代中国佛教的复兴之路,他按照"契理契机"的方法论考察了大乘佛教的核心观念———菩萨观念在印度佛教中从无到有、从人而天、从天而神的流变过程。%According to Yin Shun,the decline of Indian Buddhism resulted from the turning from the early"human-oriented" Buddhism to inferior "gods-oriented" anaphase Buddhism.In order to find the reviving path for contemporary Chinese Buddhism by drawing lessons of it,he applied the methodology of "adherence to principles and adaptation to epochs" to investigate the transition of Bodhisattva idea,which is the kernel concept of Indian Mahayana,from non-existence to existence,from human to heaven,from heaven to god.

  1. Keeping The Faith

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    More young people are turning to Buddhism as the ancient philosophy strives to keep up with the times Yin Xiaotian, 37, is successful, modern and ambitious. In his car, a blessing card hangs from the rearview mirror. On one side of the card is a picture of Mao Zedong.

  2. The monastery rules : buddhist monastic organization in pre-modern Tibet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, Berthe Katrien

    2015-01-01

    This study discusses the position of the monasteries in pre-1950s Tibetan societies and how that position was informed by Buddhist monastic ideology. The point of departure is the huge impact of monastic Buddhism on Tibetan society, economy, law, and culture. This work examines the impact of Buddhis

  3. Confessional Peculiarity of Chinese Islam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukan, Nurzat M.; Bulekbayev, Sagadi B.; Kurmanaliyeva, Ainura D.; Abzhalov, Sultanmurat U.; Meirbayev, Bekzhan B.

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers features of Islam among Muslim peoples in China. Along with the traditional religions of China--Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism--Islam influenced noticeable impact on the formation of Chinese civilization. The followers of Islam have a significant impact on ethno-religious, political, economic and cultural relations of the…

  4. Ancient Chinese Philosophical Advice: Can it help us find happiness today?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Veenhoven (Ruut); Z. Guoqing

    2009-01-01

    textabstractConfucianism, Buddhism and Taoism are three main classic Chinese philosophy schools, which all deal with the question of how one should live. In this paper we first review these ancient recommendations and next consider whether they promise a happy life in present day society. Recommende

  5. Political Impact of Islamic Revival in a Plural Society: The Case of Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-02

    and Sikhism in Malaysia.3z Despite the coincidence, there was no evidence of the revival in these non-Muslim alternatives being provoked by the...Council of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism and Sikhism (MCCBCHS) was established in 1983.41 However, the MCCBCHS has so far been ineffective in

  6. Overview of religions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Nicky

    2004-01-01

    This article provides a brief overview of 9 religions: Christianity, Judaism, Jehovah's Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Christian Science, Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Buddhism. Basic information on the origins, language, naming practices, diet, personal hygiene, and dress requirements is provided. For additional information, Web sites for each of these religions are also provided.

  7. Facing the Grand Challenges through Heuristics and Mindfulness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powietrzynska, Malgorzata; Tobin, Kenneth; Alexakos, Konstantinos

    2015-01-01

    We address the nature of mindfulness and its salience to education generally and to science education specifically. In a context of the historical embeddedness of mindfulness in Buddhism we discuss research in social neuroscience, presenting evidence for neuronal plasticity of the brain and six emotional styles, which are not biologically…

  8. Mindfulness: Implications for Substance Abuse and Addiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appel, Jonathan; Kim-Appel, Dohee

    2009-01-01

    Mindfulness is a concept that has taken quite a hold on the therapeutic world in recent years. Techniques that induce "mindfulness" are increasingly being employed in Western psychology and psychotherapy to help alleviate a variety of conditions. So while mindfulness has its conceptual roots in Buddhism it has been translated into a Western…

  9. Why Culture Should Be a Key Factor in Studying Marketing in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenich, Kathryn

    Three historically significant religions of Japan and the corresponding cultural norms are examined as they affect consumer behaviors and, consequently, marketing in that country. The religions are Buddhism, Shintoism, and Confucianism. The fundamental doctrines, attitudes, and social patterns associated with each religion are outlined and their…

  10. Integrating Buddhist Psychology into Grief Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wada, Kaori; Park, Jeeseon

    2009-01-01

    The field of grief counseling has yet to see an integration of Buddhist psychology. Drawing on Buddhist psychology literature and Western models of grief, this article explores possible integrations of two approaches. To lay the foundation for this discussion, the authors introduced a brief overview of the history of Buddhism as well as a Buddhist…

  11. Should the Sanctity of a Temple Be Commercialized?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Shaolin Temple, synonymous with kungfu and Buddhism in China, is making mega media headlines with the recent announcement of its plan to host an international TV kungfu competition. Partnered with a local television station, the grand showdown is set to offer martial arts

  12. What is Behind Yinshun’s Re-statement of the Nature of the Mūlamadhyamakakā : Debates on the Creation of a New Mahāyāna in Twentieth-century China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Travagnin, Stefania

    2012-01-01

    Yinshun (1906–2005) is regarded as one of the most eminent monks in twentieth-century Chinese Buddhism. Previous research has argued that Yinshun especially undertook the mission of writing new commentaries on Madhyamaka texts. His efforts provoked a revival of interest towards the Madhyamaka school

  13. Festivals Together. A Guide to Multi-cultural Celebration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzjohn, Sue; Weston, Minda; Large, Judy

    This is a resource guide for observing and celebrating special days according to the traditions of many cultures. It brings together the experience and activities of persons from many religions--Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam, and the Sikh religion--and draws on diverse backgrounds from many parts of the world. The context is…

  14. 解读《平遥古城》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王一夫

    2004-01-01

    Inscribed on the list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1997, the ancient city of Pingyao is a microcosm of the typical cultural elements of the Han ethnic group,as well as a macrocosm of Buddhism,Taoism and Confucianism and the pradice of saint and ancestor worship. Having preserved the most number of surviving architectures dating to the Jin, Yuan,

  15. Philosophy 323, Readings in Asian Thought. Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurdle, Burton G., Jr.

    A survey course syllabus of Asian philosophy is presented. For each period of dates in the semester course, a reading assignment was made, discussion topics and questions proposed, and supplementary readings and sources suggested. The course focused on Indian philosophy, Buddhism and Hinduism, and Chinese philosophy, specifically Confucian…

  16. Sunshine Unfolding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdrege, Craig; And Others

    Hinduism, yoga, transcendental meditation, traditional American Indian philosophies, far-Eastern philosophies (Taoism, Zen Buddhism, and Zen concepts), macrobiotics, and Judeo-Christian teachings are the topics discussed in this student developed book. Designed for use by both elementary and high school students, it was written with two major…

  17. Multireligious, Multicultural, and Multiethnic Calendar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korra, Herb, Comp.

    This guide features materials concerning ethnic and religious groups and the annual dates important to those groups. Specifically, the guide contains an index of religious holidays; a list of the historical dates important to Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism; and a calendar that lists, by month, cultural and…

  18. Religion as a Site of Language Contact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spolsky, Bernard

    2003-01-01

    Provides an overview of early work on the translation of sacred texts into various languages. Reviews the language use patterns and practices historically characteristic of different religious traditions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and Quakerism. Describes linguistic effects of missionary activity in several…

  19. World Religions, Women and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Ursula

    1987-01-01

    Examines religious traditions--Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Islam, and Western Christianity--to see how women were taught and what knowledge was transmitted to them. Notes that women have always had some access to religious knowledge in informal ways but were excluded from formal education once sacred knowledge became transmitted in an…

  20. Introduction to Eastern Philosophy, Social Studies: 6414.23.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Judy Reeder

    Major Eastern philosophies and/or religions consisting of Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Shintoism are investigated by 10th through 12th grade students in this general social studies quinmester course. Since Eastern philosophical ideas are already influencing students, this course aims to guide students in a universal search for…

  1. Tradition and Modernity: India's Quantum Leap into the 21st Century. Independent Curriculum Project. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad 1998 (India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Elise

    This lesson on India is suggested as a culminating activity to bring together previously taught units about infrastructure, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, ancient India, and contemporary India. The lesson's goals are to examine how a country's cultural background can influence change and to study the development of modern infrastructure. The students…

  2. World Religions for the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Dorothy Arnett

    This teaching and resource guide contains ideas appropriate for teaching junior and senior high school students about the following religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Shintoism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Individual sections discuss general approaches to teaching the religious philosophies and rituals, and exemplary…

  3. Det menneskelige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Jan Brødslev

    livsfasepsykologi, Winnicotts og Heinz Kohuts Selv-psykologi, Seligmans positive psykologi, kognitiv psykologi og A. H. Almaas' essenspsykologi), lærinsgteori (David Kolb), teorierne om følelsesmæssig intelligens (Daniel Goleman, David Servan-Schreiber) samt buddhisme (Dalai Lama) og kristendom. I bogen gives der...

  4. Moral Education in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klaus, Luhmer

    1990-01-01

    Explores how religion is a pervasive influence in moral education in both the home and school in Japan, despite an official secular policy. Points out that after 1945 nationalism was replaced by secular social studies. Finds western thought included with Buddhism and Confucianism in government decrees on the curriculum. Places newly reemerging…

  5. Religious Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The main religions of ancient China were Buddhism,Taoism and Islam, of which Buddhism was the most widespread. As a result, Buddhist temples and towers are found all over China, and have become important components of the country's ancient architecture.

  6. The web of life a new synthesis of mind and matter

    CERN Document Server

    Capra, Fritjof

    1996-01-01

    Capra argues that at the end of the 20th century we are shifting away from the mechanistic world of Descartes and Newton to a holistic, ecological view. He establishes patterns between ideas from such diverse fields as Buddhism and quantum physics.

  7. Meditation, Mindfulness, Psyche and Soma: Eastern, Western Perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi; Jordanov, Daniel; Autrup, Mads

    This presentation focuses on the genesis of meditation and mindfulness in the East for comprehension of these phenomena, which are increasingly applied and adapted in the current Western context. Their very origin from the East, particularly Buddhism and Yoga practices, directs our attention...

  8. 唯識の今日的意義について―『唯識のすすめ』を中心に―

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    Focusing on the idea of 'Yuishiki'-spiritualism, which is the depths Psychology Rooted in large-vehicle Buddhism, I consider how human beings should live in the 21 st century by searching the problems which lie behind under human consciousness.

  9. The Bhiksuni Buddhist Ceremonies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    At the Seventh Chuanjie Fahui (a Buddhist meeting to impart monastic disciplines) of the Buddhism Association of Sichuan Province held at Baoguang Temple in Chengdu and attended by 127 bhiksunL Dharmacarya Long Lian leads several bhik suni toward the Buddhist preaching hall to impart Erbuseng Jie (the highest monastic discipline for bhiksuni) to them.

  10. Buddhist Culture and Sino-South Asian Cultural Exchange

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dipak; Sarkar

    2016-01-01

    Cultural relation between South Asia and China is more than hundreds of years old.Chinese and Sindus-valley civilization has laid its foundation for the expansion of this relationship.South Asia is the origin of the most widespread Hinduism and Buddhism.Millions of Chinese are

  11. Self-compassion : A closer look at its assessment, correlates and role in psychological wellbeing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lopez Angarita, Angélica

    2016-01-01

    Suffering is an inevitable part of life, but the way we deal with it can make the difference. Nowadays, mindfulness, a practice rooted in Buddhism, is helping lots of people to bring acceptance into their lives and to experience more fully their present moment. In this way, mindfulness has shown to

  12. Kinesisk Religion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Esben; Nielsen, Klaus Bo

    Bogen Kinesisk Religion omhandler kongfuzianisme, daoisme, buddhisme, maoisme, folkereligion og nye religioner i ind- og udland. Den indeholder klassiske myter og magiske ritualer, historiske milepæle og moderne udfordringer, politisk religion og levende folkereligiøsitet. Bogen henvender sig...

  13. We create our own reality

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    " Yes, we create our own reality. This is one of the most fundamental tenets of the ancient oriental religions, such as Buddhism. And during the last century, modern particle physics or quantum mechanics has discovered exactly the same thing" (1 page).

  14. A Comparative Study on Religion between Britainand China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐彩霞

    2012-01-01

    1. INTRODUCTION Religion in Britain In the UK, Christians constitute about 71% of the population, but Britain is a multi-faith society and all other religions, including; Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam and Sikhism are freely practiced. About 23% of Britons have no particular religion. Religion in China China is a

  15. PSICOANÁLISIS Y BUDISMO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Guillermo Uribe

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Buddhism as a philosophical and religious worldview does not coincide with psychoanalysis as a clinical practice and research method. Nevertheless, the intervention techniques that Buddhist masters use with their pupils can be compared with interpretation and transference since paradox, silence, and contradiction are used, but with different purposes. This paper aims to show that relationship by keeping the differences

  16. East Europe Report: Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, No. 2193

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-09-06

    published many materials which reviewed uncritically therapeutical methods of hatha yoga and try to distinguish the so-called ’purely sport aspects* of...karate. But Zen Buddhism serves as that ideological basis, and yoga is not merely a physical exercise system but a complex teaching regarding the

  17. 怒江:多种宗教共存和谐相处

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐海波

    2014-01-01

    One of the outstanding characteristics of Nujiang is the harmony among four major religious beliefs,all signifi cantly present.The historical freedom of religion in Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture means that Christianity,Catholicism,Buddhism and Taoism are here.For historical and practical reasons as well as the policy on equality of nationality,the religions peacefully coexist.

  18. Ein Meer von Nektar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sumgön, Jigten; Jungne, Sherab

    One of the key feature of early Kagyüpa Buddhism in Tibet was the practise of long meditation retreats in the complete solitude of the Himalayan mountains. The author of the Tibetan text, Kyobpa Jigten Sumgön (1143-1217), had himself spent 7 years in a cave in central Tibet. After he established...

  19. THE ART OF STONE CARVINGS AT DOLHA RI KHROD IN MARKHAM COUNTY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TUGAR

    2007-01-01

    Dolha in Tibetan refers to stone carvings,and Ri Khord is"the meditation place at the mountainside".In accordance with an introduction by staff from the Bureau of Ethnic Groups and Religious Affairs in Markham County,we know that Dolha Ri Khrod was built in 1566 and is currently a nunnery of the Nyima Sect of Tibetan Buddhism.

  20. Traveling in Sichuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    The highest peak of Mt. Emei, Wanfoding, rises 3,099 meters above sea level. Mt. Emei, at the southwest comer of Sichuan Basin, Putuo Mountain in Zhejiang, Jiuhua Mountain in Anhui, and Wutai Mountain in Shanxi are known as the Four Famous Mountains of Buddhism.

  1. Chinese Philosophy. Grade 7 Model Lesson for Standard 7.3. World History and Geography: Medieval and Early Modern Times. California History-Social Science Course Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

    California State Standard 7.3 is delineated in the following manner: "Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structure of the civilizations of China in the middle ages." Seventh-grade students focus on the reunification of China under the Tang Dynasty and reasons for the spread of Buddhism; agricultural,…

  2. Chinese Philosophy. Grade 7 Model Lesson for Standard 7.3. World History and Geography: Medieval and Early Modern Times. California History-Social Science Course Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

    California State Standard 7.3 is delineated in the following manner: "Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structure of the civilizations of China in the middle ages." Seventh-grade students focus on the reunification of China under the Tang Dynasty and reasons for the spread of Buddhism;…

  3. Ethnicity and Education in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, C. L.

    With over 95 percent of the people professing Buddhism, about 90 percent having a common or related racial origin, and almost 85 percent speaking the Thai language, the Thai society is fairly homogeneous. There are, however, a few ethnic minorities of which the significant ones are the Chinese (12 percent of the population), the Malays (2…

  4. "Daruma."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, Lynda

    1987-01-01

    Presents an art lesson for grades 4 through 6 based on the wooden sculpture entitled Daruma. Daruma was the founder of religion of Zen Buddhism. The lesson's goals are to introduce student to Buddhist legends and to cultivate respect for a culture different from their own. (BR)

  5. Divided Korea: United Future?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cumings, Bruce

    1995-01-01

    Korea's recorded history extends back before the birth of Christ. Through their long history, the Koreans have endured a variety of social, political, and economical crises. Confucianism has long been one of the most popular religions by which the Korean people have lived. However, Koreans also have embraced Buddhism and Christianity while…

  6. Analyzing Resources of United States Marine Corps for Humanitarian Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-26

    relations from the University of Wisconsin- Madison. He also holds a BA in religion with a concentration in Chinese and Japanese Buddhism from Temple...the geography as shown by history . Because the USMC policy dictates that the MEU must possess five characteristics to ensure mission readiness, the

  7. Acculturation Difficulties of the Khmer in New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno, Ellen

    The intent of this paper is to provide a historical and cultural overview of the Khmer refugee movement and to outline problems the refugees face upon resettlement in New York City. The paper begins by describing the land and people of Cambodia, the social structure of Khmer society, the role of Buddhism in that society, Cambodia's recent history,…

  8. Thoughts on History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DEGYI

    2003-01-01

    The Yarlung River Valley inShannan was the birthplace ofthe Tibetan race. When the Tubo Kingdom was founded,Songtsam Gambo moved its capital topresent-day Lhasa. With Lang Darmamaking efforts to suppress Buddhism,the regime fell and in the ensuing 400years, the region suffered heavily from

  9. Capabilities and Competencies in Humanitarian Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He also holds a BA in religion with a concentration in Chinese and Japanese Buddhism from Temple University...Earthquake (Simmins, 2010) Although the U.S. military has a history of responding to humanitarian crises, there are significant areas in which the

  10. Visual Literacy with Picture Books: The Silk Road

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisland, Beverly Milner Lee

    2007-01-01

    The ancient Silk Routes connecting China to Europe across the rugged mountains and deserts of central Asia are one of the primary examples of transculturation in world history. Traders on these routes dealt not only in goods such as silk and horses but also made possible the spread of art forms as well as two major religions, Buddhism and Islam. …

  11. The High School World History Textbook: Dreaming the Impossible Dream?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Dan B.

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the debate over world history survey courses. Examines eight world history textbooks. Compares the treatment of the following topics: Hammurabi's Code, Buddhism, the fall of the Bastille, and the Korean War. Also reviews goals, use of maps, visuals, and skills involving analysis of primary and secondary sources. (RW)

  12. West Meets East: The Early Civilizations of India and China. Grade 6 Model Lesson for Unit IV. California History-Social Science Course Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

    This unit for sixth graders focuses on the origins of Chinese civilization, the rise of early Chinese imperial centers, and the breakdown of order by the beginning of the sixth century B.C. Among the topics in the unit are: Early history and geography of India; Buddhism; Early history and geography of China; Confucius; and Culture, politics,…

  13. The Challenge of Access in Indian Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chitnis, Suma

    2000-01-01

    With an ancient tradition of educational exclusion, modern India has set democratic goals for educational access and quality, though discrimination still challenges public policy goals. Highlights: Buddhism's ancient challenges to exclusion; early declines of education; missionary education; colonial higher education; distance from the lives of…

  14. Religion in Japan and a Look at Cultural Transmission, Grades 7-12.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Program on International and Cross Cultural Education.

    This unit focuses on the periods in Japanese history up to the reign of Prince Shotoku (A.D. 592-622) and his role in the transmission of Chinese culture to Japan. A special focus is made on the joint practice of Buddhism and Shinto in Japan. Each lesson's materials and format are described in detail with specific objectives noted and the…

  15. A Brief History of the Current Reemergence of Contemplative Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Patricia Fay

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the history of the current reemergence of a contemplative orientation in education. While referencing an ancient history, it primarily examines the history of contemporary contemplative education through three significant stages, focusing on the third. The first was arguably initiated by the introduction of Buddhism to the…

  16. An Analysis of Farong’s Zen Thoughts%江东名士之法融禅学思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓玉

    2015-01-01

    佛教禅宗是印度佛教中国化的重要标志,谈禅讲义也渐成当世丛林、仕林之风尚,作为禅宗牛头系的创始人法融是江东丛林的代表人物。与菩提达摩一系以妙有融摄真空的理路不同,他以般若真空为本的禅学思想,在中国禅宗史上具有独特之处。%Zen Buddhism is an important symbol of sinicization of Indian Buddhism. Talking about the thoughts of Zen has become the fashion of people whether they believe Buddhism or not. As a representative of Jiangdong Jungle, Farong was the founder of Niutou junta of ZenBuddhism. Different from a series of thoughts about of wonderful vacuum Bodhidharma, his Zen thought based on prajna and vacuum has a u-nique position in the history of Zen thoughts in China.

  17. The Image Analysis of Darma in the Tibetan Historiographical Works%藏族史学著作中的达磨形象分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭祥琦

    2016-01-01

    达磨禁佛事件是吐蕃佛教历史中的转折事件,其造成的后果是佛教在吐蕃良好的发展局面遭到很大打击,也就产生了后世佛教史家笔下佛法的“黑暗期”,达磨也因为这一“功绩”而获得“朗达玛”这一蔑称,其历史形象堪比桀纣之君。今欲结合记载达磨禁佛的相关史料进行梳理,对达磨这一历史形象进行重新解读,分析藏族史学著作中出现“朗达磨”这一形象背后的历史动因以及佛教史家的治史思想。%Buddhism prohibition by Darma is a turning point in the Buddhism history, which restrains the development of Buddhism in Tubo, and produces the "Darkness of Buddhism".So, Darma is named insultingly"Lang Darma"as like tyrants Jie and Zhou in Chinese history.Thus, this article is to comb the historical materials to analyze the image of Darma, the historical motivation and governing thinking of the historians in particular.

  18. India: General Survey Unit for World Civilization Course Curriculum Project. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad, 1997 (India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinton, Victoria

    This unit is intended to provide high school students with a general knowledge of the history and culture of India. Lessons include: (1) "Early India"; (2) "Indian Civilization 1500 BC - 500 AD: Hinduism"; (3) "Buddhism"; (4) "Indian Empires"; (5) "Indian Empires, Continued"; (6)…

  19. Of Chrysanthemums and Confucius: Some Impressions of Recent Japanese Educational Reforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janesick, Valerie J.

    1993-01-01

    Although Japanese public school curriculum is based on the U.S. model imposed during the postwar occupation years, it reflects a long, rich history of group solidarity and consensus, a strong aesthetic sense, and the spiritual influences of Shinto, Buddhism, and Confucianism. Japan's new 10-year education reform plan's emphasis on individual…

  20. A Harmonious World Begins in the Mind

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    May 5 equates to the eighth day of the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar. Chinese Buddhists believe this is the birthday of Sakyamuni Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. It is a day marked by Buddhists and non-Buddhists swarming to temples for big celebrations. Worshippers have a

  1. Later Zhou Sejong's Cultural Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PAN Qing

    2015-01-01

    Sejong wanted to stabilize the control. He paid attention to strengthen cultural enlightenment and implement cultural policy from educating people, choosing capable person, repairing history, limiting Buddhism, respecting Confucianism and other aspects. The wind of literature rise gradually. It is conducive to research the developmental trajectory of Later Zhou Dynasty.

  2. One or many Buddhas?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sobisch, Jan-Ulrich

    2016-01-01

    According to Pali Buddhist sources, there can only be one Buddha per world system. Mahayana Buddhism maintains different view, which is argued here by 'Jig rten gsum mgön based, among other things, on a quotation from the Uttaratantrashastra (= Ratnagotravibhaga)....

  3. Education and Happiness: Perspectives of the East and the West

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jeong-Kyu

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relations between education and happiness from the perspectives of the West and the East, especially Buddhism and Christianity as well as classical Greek and Chinese great thinkers. In order to examine this study systematically, three research questions are addressed as follows: First, what are…

  4. Moral Education or Political Education in the Vietnamese Educational System?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doan, Dung Hue

    2005-01-01

    Vietnam has experienced the influences of different social standards and values of Confucianism, Communism and several major religions, such as Buddhism and Catholicism, and has also undergone tremendous social change in recent decades. Consequently, moral education in present-day Vietnam takes various forms and definitions. Nowadays, moral…

  5. A Mandala's Message

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnell, Tom

    2002-01-01

    A Tibetan Buddhist monk, Lama Tenzin, spent a week at the Manhattan private school where the author of this article was the middle school director. Lama Tenzin did not come to introduce students to Buddhism or to explain the plight of the Tibetan people. Instead, he came to create a piece of art that is a specialty of his and his brother monks': a…

  6. Zen & the Art of Composition: A Comparison of Teaching Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewitt, Philip Jay

    A perceived relationship between the teaching methods of traditional Zen Buddhism and those of process-based English composition is explored. It is noted that the four main processes of Zen teaching (meditation, physical work, personal interviews, and group lectures) focus on process, not product, as in process writing. Characteristics that Zen…

  7. 甘肃南部山区藏族早期苯教藏文文献的分类研究%A Study on the Classification of Early Tibetan Documents Found in the Mountain Area in South Gansu Province about the Bon Religion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伊西旺姆; 道吉才让

    2015-01-01

    The Bon religion is the source of the Tibetan civilization. In its thousands of years of history, Bon had been the dominant religion of the ancestors of the Tibetan people for a long period of time. When Buddhism was introduced into Tibet, the Tibetan rulers converted to Buddhism and supported it, so Bonˊs position in Tibet was gradually replaced by Buddhism. Since the period of the Later Prosperity of Buddhism in Tibet, almost all the Ti-betan people have believed in Buddhism, which resulted in the Bon religion could only survive and develop in the remote areas of Tibet. In these areas, a large number of documents about Bon were left, which illustrate the long history of Bon. The documents would make us have a new understanding of Bon.%苯教是藏族文明的源头,在其数千年的发展历程中,苯教在相当长的时间里一直是藏族先民的主导宗教,但自佛教引入西藏后,吐蕃统治者扶植佛教,苯教的地位渐渐被佛教取代.佛教后弘期起,佛教成为藏族人民全民信奉的宗教,而苯教则在边远地区得以生存和发展,就在这些边远地区,留下了大量反映悠远历史的苯教藏文文献,使人们对苯教以全新的认识.

  8. Emotional Well-Being Following Religious Conversion Among Women in Northeast Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charoenwong, Suangsuda; Chirawatkul, Siriporn; Manderson, Lenore

    2017-02-01

    Religious conversion can have a profound impact on individual mental health and emotional well-being. These changes may need specific nursing care. In this article, we describe the lived experiences of 21 women who converted from Buddhism to Islam and who live in Isan, the northeast region of Thailand. The data derive from in-depth interviews, natural conversations, and observations. Thematic analysis revealed two dominant themes: women's sense of happiness in their new faith, and their suffering following from and as a result of their conversion. To provide appropriate care to and prevent mental health problems among Isan women who convert from Buddhism to Islam, and other women in similar contexts, health providers need to enhance their understanding of conversion and to be aware of life experiences that impact on their emotional well-being.

  9. Thunder among the pines: defining a pan-Asian soma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dannaway, Frederick

    2009-03-01

    Many ancient cultures and religions engaged in various techniques and used various substances to instigate religious experience and to alter perception. These techniques of psycho-sexual drug yoga reached an unparalleled level of sophistication that arose and was often cloaked in practical terms of alchemy and metallurgy. The Vedic tradition describes this plant-based ritualism as soma, which has been identified by Gordon Wasson as the mushroom Amanita muscaria. This article traces these soma-influenced sects of esoteric Buddhism that exerted influences from India, China and Tibet to Japan. Some of the key components, practices and symbolism are retained despite numerous cultural filters. Japan's tradition of esoteric Buddhism can thus be seen to have preserved and incorporated the soma/amrita mushroom lore into its own traditions of mountain ascetic mystics.

  10. 闽南佛作之圣——记民间雕塑大家蔡文沛

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何豪亮

    2012-01-01

    Religious belief in Buddhism is prevalent in Fujian province. The popularization of Buddhist statue results in the emergences of a large number of folk craftsmen of Buddhism statue, and their works spread in southern Fujian, Taiwan and Southeast Asia. Cais’ family has led their life as Buddhist statue craftsman for many years. Being famous for his splendid craft Cai Wenpei is the 11th successor in his family.%福建地区民间信仰发达,佛作神像用途普及,造就了一大批民间佛作匠师的出现,其作品畅销闽南、台湾及东南亚地区。闽南蔡氏世代以佛作为业,蔡文沛先生是蔡氏第十一代重要传人,技艺出名。

  11. O dharma verde-amarelo mal-sucedido: um esboço da acanhada situação do Budismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Usarski

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available EMBORA a mídia venha freqüentemente afirmando que o Budismo é uma das religiões mais crescentes no Brasil, as pesquisas, inclusive os dois últimos censos nacionais, revelam o contrário. O artigo confronta a imagem pública exagerada com a realidade empírica e discute de maneira sistemática os problemas e desafios principais com os quais o Budismo brasileiro contemporâneo é confrontado.CONTRARY to the positive image maintaned by the mass media there is no evidence for the claim that Buddhism is one of the most dramaticaly growing religions in Brazil. From the empirical point of view, rather the opposite is true. The article confronts the public image with the results of academic research including the last two national census, and dicusses the main problems and challenges the contemporary Brazilian Buddhism is confronted with.

  12. Realm of Black Tea and Zen of The History of Tea's Capital%《茶都旧事》的黑茶境界与禅境之会通

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄守愚

    2012-01-01

    The History of Tea's Capital the safety of black tea anthropomorphic treatment, and through which people and events of the interpretation to clarify black tea bitter sweet after, shame, where strict cold, lay down, static, nature and man the realm of deed in Buddhism, this realm of Zen and Buddhism will pass.%《茶都旧事》将安化黑茶拟人化处理,并通过其中人物与事件之诠释,澄明安化黑茶苦后回甘、忍辱、凡、严冷、放下、静、天人合一的境界,因契于佛理,此境界可与佛教禅境会通。

  13. Kumārajīva’s Meditative Legacy in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhante Dhammadipa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article shows that in China and other Far East countries, where Chinese Buddhism spread at the early stages of Mahāyāna Buddhism, traditional methods of Buddhist practice, as explained in the Āgamas, were in practice, but reinterpreted from the Mahāyānistic understanding. Eventually, in the periods following the decline of the Tang Dynasty those practices were mostly abandoned and replaced by pure Mahāyānistic meditation practices, especially those of the Chan (Zen and Pure Land schools. It can be clearly seen from the meditation treatises discussed in this article, which are attributed to Kumārajīva, the most popular translator of Indian Buddhist literature in China. Actually, as Western researchers show, these treatises are likely to be notes of Kumārajīva’s disciples, introduced into meditation by him.

  14. On the Works by and Thoughts of Master Monk Yan- shou%永明延寿禅师的著述及思想略论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄诚

    2012-01-01

    Yan- shou was a great influential master monk with Buddhist thoughts. In his life, he insisted on "Chan Jing Jian Xiu" ( "Chan is integrated with Sukhavati" ), " Chan Jie Bing Zhong" ( " Chan is integrated with Rules" ). He wrote many theoretical works on Buddhism and Chan. These works not only express his Buddhist thought and theory, but also exert an important influence in academic field on the history of Chinese Buddhism.%永明延寿是有着重要影响的佛教思想人物。他一生"禅净兼修"、"禅戒并重",且著述颇丰。其著述集中表达了他的佛教思想及其理论主张,在中国佛教思想史上具有重要的学术思想影响。

  15. [The tradition of healing with magical spells as seen in Buddhist texts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamanaka, Yukio; Yamashita, Tsutomu

    2009-03-01

    Although India has its own traditional medical systems such as Ayurveda, healing through magic spells was also practiced. After the systematization of Ayurveda, these healing spells almost lost their significance and only the spells for specific diseases were further transmitted. On the other hand, Indian Buddhism partially accepted the healing spells, and Buddhist texts which include the healing spells began to appear after the 4th century. These texts were brought into other Asian countries and became popular therein. However, these Buddhist healing spells have not been studied enough by Buddhism scholars and therefore their meaning in the history of medicine in India is not yet sufficiently understood. In this article, we discuss on the origin of these Buddhist healing spells, and thereafter we list and summarize the existing Buddhist texts involving these healing spells.

  16. Chinese Buddhist Nuns in the Twentieth Century: A Case Study in Wuhan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Yuan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, through working at the intersection of the works on nationalism and women, and the literature on Buddhist nuns during the Republican period, I aim to take up questions of gender relations in the broader studies of Buddhism and Buddhist modernization. I explore the Buddhist nuns' movement by examining the establishment of various academies for female Buddhists. I also analyze the writings by female Buddhists in the twentieth century. In so doing, I argue that the Buddhist nuns' revival movement fitted into the broader women's liberation discourse and the national modernization project during this time. This paper promises to provide insights into the history of women and nationalism from a Buddhist perspective, and shed light on gender-related issues of modern Chinese Buddhism in the course of China's modernization.

  17. The limits of the Buddhist embrace of science. Commentary on "Compassion, ethics, and neuroscience: neuroethics through Buddhist eyes".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Francisca

    2012-09-01

    The readiness of Buddhists to dialogue with and embrace modern science has caused some to worry that this encounter will deform Buddhist traditions for the sake of acceptance by the West. But their strong tradition of epistemological skepticism and intellectual pluralism makes it unlikely that Buddhists will embrace scientific positivism. Given the tensions between religion and science in contemporary western society, it is perhaps this feature of Buddhism that can make the most fruitful contribution in its dialogue with science.

  18. Religion as a means to assure paternity

    OpenAIRE

    Strassmann, Beverly I.; Kurapati, Nikhil T.; Hug, Brendan F.; Burke, Erin E; Gillespie, Brenda W.; Karafet, Tatiana M.; Hammer, Michael F.

    2012-01-01

    The sacred texts of five world religions (Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism) use similar belief systems to set limits on sexual behavior. We propose that this similarity is a shared cultural solution to a biological problem: namely male uncertainty over the paternity of offspring. Furthermore, we propose the hypothesis that religious practices that more strongly regulate female sexuality should be more successful at promoting paternity certainty. Using genetic data on 1,706...

  19. The monastery rules: buddhist monastic organization in pre-modern Tibet

    OpenAIRE

    Jansen, Berthe Katrien

    2015-01-01

    This study discusses the position of the monasteries in pre-1950s Tibetan societies and how that position was informed by Buddhist monastic ideology. The point of departure is the huge impact of monastic Buddhism on Tibetan society, economy, law, and culture. This work examines the impact of Buddhist monastic institutions on Tibetan societies by looking at their monastic policies with regard to organization, economy, justice, and public relations. The primary sources in which these policies c...

  20. Hermann Oldenberg and the Historical Imperative: Writing a Biography of Gautama Buddha from Nineteenth-Century Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Eduardo García Fernández

    2013-01-01

    In the second half of the nineteenth century Buddhism was well known as a religion among academic and literary circles in Europe. However, the variety of doctrinal versions and texts from different Buddhist schools posed a dilemma for the pioneering scholars in the field: which one was the real history and teaching of the Buddha? Although there were numerous studies and biographical versions of the life of Buddha, the one written by German Orientalist Hermann Oldenberg is noted for its histor...

  1. "Perception":as a Buddhist Concept%“观”:作为一个佛学概念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈坚

    2014-01-01

    中国文化从作为“群经之首”的《周易》到从印度传来而后中国化了的佛教,都是以“观”而不是“听”为方法来建构的。就佛教而言,观世音菩萨就是“观”这种方法的化身,而中国佛教中的千手千眼观音,其中的“千眼”乃是象征着佛教多种多样的“观”。虽然在佛教中“观”的方法林林总总,但不管是什么样的“观”,最终都要归结到“观心”,也就是天台宗所倡导的“观一念心”。%The Chinese culture ,from the"head of classics"The Book of Changes to the Sinicized Bud-dhism ,is built on perception instead of "listening".As far as Buddhism is concerned ,Goddess Guanyin in the incarnation of "perception",while the Goddess of Thousand Hands and Thousand Eyes symbolizes vari-ous kinds of "perception"in Buddhism .In spite of the diverse ways of "perception"in Buddhism ,it can al-ways fall upon"perceiving the heart",as promoted by the Tiantai sect .

  2. Religious conversion and Dalit assertion amongst a Punjabi Dalit diaspora

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Steve

    2014-01-01

    Drawing upon original ethnographic research amongst Punjabi Dalit communities within the UK and India, this paper examines post-transnational migration religious conversion from Sikhism to neo-Buddhism and Christianity, assessing the extent to which this process is simultaneously one of Dalit assertion and resistance to caste-based oppression, thereby facilitating social change within the contemporary Punjabi transnational community. While it is generally accepted that, despite the Ambedkar m...

  3. 仏教思想普及のための言語学的試み

    OpenAIRE

    角岡, 賢一

    2010-01-01

    This paper focuses on the history of the translation of the Buddhism sutras, originally Chinese version, into modern colloquial Japanese. Partly because all the sutras have not been translated into Japanese, sutras are recited with Chinese sound in funeral and memorial ceremonies. As Japanese laymen and laywomen are not familiar with such Chinese sound, sutras are meaningless to them unless they learn beforehand. Some monks, however, began reciting sutras in Japanese translation in these two ...

  4. The Vallipuram Buddha Image "Rediscovered"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Schalk

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available When, at the end of the 19th century, the Visnu kovil in Vallipuram, in Vatamaracci, in northern Ilam (Lanka was (rebuilt, a Buddha statue was unearthed close to this temple, 50 yardsnortheast of it. It remained in the lumber room of this temple until 1902, when it was set up in Old Park at Yalppanam under a bo-tree. In 1906, the Vallipuram Buddha image was presented by Governor Sir Henry Blake to the King of Siam, who was particularly anxious to have it, as it was supposed to be of an archaic type. This event together with the statue, was forgotten for almost 90 years. All Tamilar and Sinhalese born after 1906 have never seen the Vallipuram Buddha image, provided they have not gone to and found it in Thailand. The study of the religious significance per se, in its historical setting, of the statue is important. The Vallipuram Buddha image is a typical creation of Amaravati art, the spread of which documents the spread of Buddhism to Ilam, where it exercised a decisive influence on the first period of the development of Buddhist art in the Anuratapuram school. We get then a geographical triangle of a cultural encounter between Amaravati, Anuratapuram in its first phase, and Vallipuram. This happened at a time when Buddhism was still not identified as Sinhala Buddhism, but just as Buddhism. The study of the Vallipuram statue is thus a way of transcending or at least suspending for some time polarising ethnic identities, not ethnic identities as such.

  5. Visualizing the Evolution of the Sukhothai Buddha

    OpenAIRE

    Sawitree Wisetchat

    2013-01-01

    As Buddhism spread from India to cover much of Asia, sculptures depicting the Buddha varied regionally, reflecting both the original Indian iconography and local ethnic and cultural influences. This study considers how statues of the Buddha evolved in Thailand, focusing on the Sukhothai period (1238–1438 CE), during which a distinctly Thai style developed; this style is still characteristic of Thailand today. The Sukhothai style primarily reflects features of the Pala, Sri Lankan, Pagan, and ...

  6. Visualizing the Evolution of the Sukhothai Buddha

    OpenAIRE

    Wisetchat, Sawitree

    2013-01-01

    As Buddhism spread from India to cover much of Asia, sculptures depicting the Buddha varied regionally, reflecting both the original Indian iconography and local ethnic and cultural influences. This study considers how statues of the Buddha evolved in Thailand, focusing on the Sukhothai period (1238–1438 CE), during which a distinctly Thai style developed; this style is still characteristic of Thailand today. The Sukhothai style primarily reflects features of the Pala, Sri Lankan, Pagan, and ...

  7. A Place of Tranquility and Splendor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Walking through tile closely knit complex of temples and buildings that make up Labuleng Monastery, one can strongly feel its silent and solemn beauty. The tranquility of Labuleng Monastery permeates both into the mind and soul-the transcendent qualities of religion convey sphitual properties that are accentuated by the tranquility and solemnity of the monastery. The magnificence of Labuleng manifests itself through its art and architecture... Tibetan Buddhism and tile profound serenity give this place a sublime and sacred character,

  8. Relevance of Indian religious traditions for international leadership wisdom.

    OpenAIRE

    De Vylder, Gerrit

    2009-01-01

    Relevance of Holistic Interpretations of Indian Classical Traditions for Modern Socio-Economic Leadership Wisdom This contribution will explore the holistic interpretations of Indian philosophical and religious traditions and apply them to modern socio-economic leadership wisdom. Other interpretations have already been considered in a previous contribution. Traditions like Sikhism, Sufi Islam, Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism (Vedic traditions and Vedanta) contain concepts and rituals which can...

  9. Strategic Estimate: India

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-04-16

    est.): 26% urban, 74% rural. Annual growth (1989): 2.2% Official language: Hindi. Major religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism , Buddhism...as part of India’s goal of developing a modern defense structure. IMET builds on the Indian armed forces’ tradition of respect for democracy and...least as low as the base force, if not lower. * Traditional national and intrastate rivalries, previously held in check by the Cold War superpowers

  10. Unification of South Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-03

    Asia: for example, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Christians. The Hindus are the descendants of the Aryans, nomadic people of Central Asia who... traditions . There are hundred thousands of people from Bangladesh who have, illegally, crossed over to India, over the years in pursuit of a better economic...festival of Urns. Such tradition is believed common even at the few Muslim ’dargahs’ at Priol Ponda and Cuncolim." "Prof Robert S. Newman, a

  11. Indian versus European religious traditions and transformational socio-economic leadership.

    OpenAIRE

    De Vylder, Gerrit

    2010-01-01

    This contribution explores the relevance of Indian philosophical and religious traditions for modern socio-economic leadership wisdom from a European perspective. Traditions like Sikhism, Sufi Islam, Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism (Vedic traditions and Vedanta) contain concepts and rituals which can be relevant not only for medicine or psychology, but also for contemporary business and leadership wisdom. All these traditions refer to a basic oneness of existence whereby the inner and outer w...

  12. Hukan Fabian: Japan's First Encounter with Christianity

    OpenAIRE

    YAMAUCHI, Tomosaburô

    2010-01-01

    In order to understand the ethical background of Edo-era Japan, let me present an eccentric thinker named Hukan Fabian (1565-1621) who criticized Christianity from the traditional, syncretistic view of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, and Shintoism. He was called Fabian the apostate, because, having reached the highest position of all Japanese leading Christians in the Catholic Church, he later renounced Christianity and wrote a book attacking Christianity. It is remarkable that there was a th...

  13. Buddhist Thought and Several Problems in the World Today

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yao Weiqun

    2006-01-01

    Buddhism has not only produced an influence upon the ancient world culture but is also playing an important role in world affairs today.This article analyzes several important problems in the world today:world peace,disarmament,economic justice,human rights,environmental protection,and universal cooperation in world problem solving.The writer holds that,to solve these problems,we should study Buddhist theory and get some helpful ideas from it.

  14. "孝顺相承,戒行俱高"——论中晚唐五代宋敦煌佛教高张孝道%"Inheritance of Filial Piety, Highness of Buddhist Discipline":On Dunhuang Buddhist Reverence of Filial Piety from the Period of Middle-and-Late Tang and Five Dynasties to Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李正宇

    2015-01-01

    佛教本不讲孝道,传入中国后,三国时期开始吸收中国的孝道观念,此后,中国佛教才有了孝道观念.吐蕃占领敦煌后,敦煌人民不忘家国宗祖,将家国之思、宗祖之念融入佛教信行,建家窟以代宗祠家庙,将唐宗及父祖同祀于佛窟.晚唐至北宋,敦煌佛教进一步倡扬孝道,事佛与孝亲共容,进一步入世合俗,实际上突破了释迦摩尼弃世脱俗的教义.%The original Buddhism did not include filial piety, but after its introduciton into China, especially during the period of the Three Kingdoms, Buddhism began to assimilate Chinese filial piety, and whereafter, the Chinese Buddhism contained filial piety. In the ruling of the Tibetan regime, the people of Dunhuang never forgot their country and ancestors and conbined the reminiscence of their country and ancestors with Buddhist discipline so that they built home grottoes substituting for ancestral halls or temples, where they offered sacrifices to the Tang emperors and their forefathers. From the late Tang to north Song dynasty, Dunhuang Buddhism further advocated filial piety and the reverence of Budda and filial piety were in harmony, which virtually broke through Buddha Shakjamuni's discipline of being free from the secular world and vulgarity.

  15. Area Handbook Series: Mongolia: a Country Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    easternmost portion is a salient jutting deep into Manchuria (see fig. 1). A branch railroad runs from Changchun on the Shenyang- Harbin railroad to...Tibetan Buddhism 916-1125 Period of Kitan Liao Dynasty, established over eastern Mongolia, Manchuria , and northern China 1038-1227 Tangut Western Xia...Dynasty, established in northwestern China 1115-1234 Jurchen establish Jin Dynasty in Manchuria , northern China 1139-47 Jurchen defeat Mongols in Pamirs

  16. Southeast Asia Report, No. 1338

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    herbicides. Mrs Roma Fisher, a property owner in the Gunning Shire of NSW, now faces a summons from the council after a three- year battle over...Thailand guarantees complete freedom of religion . Buddhism has been known for cen- turies as the most tolerant of all religions . Interfering with...Buddha in pamphlets as one of the prophets in the Old Testament. "It is important that we Thai Buddhists protect and preserve our religion for

  17. 佛塔の中國的變容

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This paper will consider the Sinification of the Buddhist stupa, which originated in India, through an examination of archaeological findings, iconographic materials and written documents from early Chinese Buddhism. First, I examine how early Chinese Buddhist temples were planned, and how religious activities were practiced in there. The pagodas at that time were placed in the center of temples and played important role in religious activity. Recent excavation at the northern Wei temple on t...

  18. Buddhist kepan and literary theory of the early Tang Dynasty%佛经科判与初唐文学理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伯伟

    2007-01-01

    The term kepan 科判 means to divide a text into chapters andparagraphs.By explicating the context of Buddhist kepan and its influence on theexplanation of Confucian classics,this paper tries to demonstrate how wideand profound this influence was on literary criticism in three aspects:literarycriticism,fluency and coherence of writing,and relationships between the authorsof literary theories and Buddhism in the early Tang Dynasty.

  19. The Digitalized Protection and Inheritance of the Woodblock Printing Called “Jinling Sutra Printing”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huaidong Ge

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Jinling Sutra Publishing House, a protection site for Chinese woodblock printing, is the inheritance organization for Chinese woodblock engraving and ink printing of the Chinese Buddhism classics. This paper, taking “Jinling Sutra Printing” as study object, introduced its carving and printing skills, and proposed that, by means of digital acquisition and storage technology, this intangible cultural heritage could be fully documented and presented through characters, pictures, audio, video and other information.

  20. The Digitalized Protection and Inheritance of the Woodblock Printing Called “Jinling Sutra Printing”

    OpenAIRE

    Huaidong Ge; Shuyang Deng

    2014-01-01

    Jinling Sutra Publishing House, a protection site for Chinese woodblock printing, is the inheritance organization for Chinese woodblock engraving and ink printing of the Chinese Buddhism classics. This paper, taking “Jinling Sutra Printing” as study object, introduced its carving and printing skills, and proposed that, by means of digital acquisition and storage technology, this intangible cultural heritage could be fully documented and presented through characters, pictures, audio, video and...

  1. Peace with the earth: animism and contemplative ways

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Heesoon

    2015-03-01

    In this paper I problematize the modern everyday ontology that categorically separates the animate from the inanimate, showing that such separation has ethical implications that are environmentally devastating. I propose a turn to an animistic ontology and epistemology. Acknowledging the challenge of such turn, I suggest contemplative practices as a way to aid this turn. I engage a variety of literature and resources from Daoism, Buddhism, Appelbaum's work, neuroscientific findings to support my exploration of the connection between animistic perception and contemplative ways.

  2. An Exploration of Tibetan Women's Life in Khams in the Qing Dynasty%清代康区藏族妇女生活探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘正刚; 王敏

    2007-01-01

    @@ Tibetans, one of the oldest ethnic minorities in China, are mainly distributed in the vast western regions of modern Tibet, Sichuan, Qinghai, Gansu and Yunnan. Students and scholars of the long history of Tibetan culture, as well as the breadth and profundity of Tibetan Buddhism, have always concentrated their attention on the role of men in this history and largely ignored women. Actually, in the history of the socioeconomic development of various regions, men and women have each played a role.

  3. Sino-Indian War 1962 -- Where do India and China Stand Today?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    juncture in history , as both states have gained considerable strategic importance, not only regionally, but also globally. Any relationship adopted by...countries. Some of the holiest sites in Tibetan Buddhism , including the sacred monastery at Tawang, are in Indian-held territory.8 The land dispute is...Indian Dispute: India’s Current Options” written by Lieutenant Colonel J. S. Dalal is an excellent effort to delve into the history of Sino-Indian

  4. Debate over Foreignization and Domestication in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟珑菲; 李一婷

    2015-01-01

    China’s translation history has basically four waves of translation activities.The first wave of translation activities in China gets associated with the spread of Buddhism,the translation of which presented immense challenge for those translators.It lasted from the Eastern Han Dynasty(25-219AD)to the Northern Song Dynasty(960-1127AD),characterized by the translation of Buddhist scriptures into Chinese,such as Zhi

  5. Landscape, water and religion in ancient India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Shaw

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available As Buddhism spread into central and western India from its centre of origin in the central Gangetic Plain, how did this change the ways in which the landscape was perceived and organized? In this study of the regional setting of the great site of Sanchi and of other important sites in central and western India, religious, political, economic and agricultural changes are integrated in an holistic approach to archaeological landscapes.

  6. Folk Beliefs in Vietnam%越南的民间信仰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志强

    2005-01-01

    For complicated reasons, there are many religions in Vietnam, like Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam.However, it is hard to figure out which is the leading one. In history, Confucianism ever took the main position between Ly and Ly dynasty, but that only lasted three to four hundred years. In Vietnam, the folk beliefs play a great role in its people' s behavior,and have their own characteristics.

  7. Personal identity and eastern thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Correia Carlos João

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to show that the problem of personal identity is a fundamental question of the classical Indian thought. Usually we tend to think that personal identity is a Western philosophical subject, and so we tend to forget the significance of the Self (Atman in Hinduism and even in Buddhism. The author shows how the Indian thought approached the question of personal identity and which was the singular solution outlined in the work consensually attributed to Gotama, the Buddha.

  8. Jade Buddha Statues Witness Friendship Ties Between Yangzhou and Yangon of Myanmar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan; Dan

    2013-01-01

    <正>In Myanmar,Buddhism is widely practiced.Despite tens of thousands of public temples,there is a shrine for worship in almost every family home.For average income families,they usually have a painted image of Buddha or a wooden Buddha;rich households,however,have gold,silver or jade Buddha statues.Jade statues are the most difficult to make,but their delicate and lustrous texture,are most precious.

  9. Spirituality within the Family and the Prevention of Health Risk Behavior among Adolescents in Bangkok, Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Chamratrithirong, Aphichat; Miller, Brenda A.; Byrnes, Hilary F.; Rhucharoenpornpanich, Orratai; CUPP, PAMELA K.; Rosati, Michael J.; Fongkaew, Warunee; Atwood, Katharine A.; Chookhare, Warunee

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates the influences of a family's spiritual beliefs and practices on substance use and sexual risk behaviors among young adolescents 13 to 14 years old in Bangkok, Thailand. Independent predictor variables are the parents' and teens' spiritual beliefs and practices in Buddhism and parental monitoring behaviors. The study uses data from the 2007 Baseline Survey of the Thai Family Matters Project, which adapted a U.S. based family prevention program for Thai culture. A repres...

  10. THE LIVES OF JAMYANG RIMPOCHE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑茜; 贾天粒; 张超音

    2005-01-01

    Tibetan Buddhism's theory concerning Rimpoche reincarnation, according to the study of the “wheel of birth and death,” states that all life revolves unceasingly like the wheel of a cart. Life is continuous. Although there is death, it is not a final extinction. Though an eminent monk may leave this world, he can transform into another kind of form, to continue his great compassionate vow to liberate beings.

  11. Tibetan Buddhist dream yoga and the limits of Western Psychology.

    OpenAIRE

    Rosch, E.

    2014-01-01

    Lucid dream, lucid dreamless sleep, and lucid death practices are an inherent part of advanced Tibetan Buddhist meditation. These practices are also relevant to ordinary people because they serve as pointers to aspects of everyday experience that are troubling but unrecognized in the usual non-lucid frame of mind. Using a Vajrayana approach in which the development of the mind of the practitioner is said to mirror the historical developmental of Buddhism, I show: a) How lucid dreaming can gro...

  12. Colored Clay Bodhisattva

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    Buddhism was introduced to Zhejiang Province during the Three Kingdoms (220-280). In the Song Dynasty the Buddhist doctrine developed with typical Chinese character. The flourishing commerce in cities and social consciousness toward real life greafiy influenced Buddhist statue art. As a result, the image of Buddha,which was a bearded male found in the Dunhuang Caves of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), changed to

  13. Buddha philosophy and western psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aich, Tapas Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Four noble truths as preached by Buddha are that the life is full of suffering (Duhkha), that there is a cause of this suffering (Duhkha-samudaya), it is possible to stop suffering (Duhkha-nirodha), and there is a way to extinguish suffering (Duhkha-nirodha-marga). Eight fold Path (astangika-marga) as advocated by Buddha as a way to extinguish the sufferings are right views, right resolve/aspiration, right speech, right action/conduct, right livelihood, right effort right mindfulness and right concentration. Mid-twentieth century saw the collaborations between many psychoanalysts and Buddhist scholars as a meeting between "two of the most powerful forces" operating in the Western mind. Buddhism and Western Psychology overlap in theory and in practice. Over the last century, experts have written on many commonalities between Buddhism and various branches of modern western psychology like phenomenological psychology, psychoanalytical psychotherapy, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and existential psychology. Orientalist Alan Watts wrote 'if we look deeply into such ways of life as Buddhism, we do not find either philosophy or religion as these are understood in the West. We find something more nearly resembling psychotherapy'. Buddha was a unique psychotherapist. His therapeutic methods helped millions of people throughout the centuries. This essay is just an expression of what little the current author has understood on Buddha philosophy and an opportunity to offer his deep tribute to one of the greatest psychotherapists the world has ever produced!

  14. 佛教生态伦理观与生态旅游开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜节礼

    2011-01-01

    佛教蕴含着丰富而深刻的生态伦理思想,佛教生态伦理观的基本特征集中表现在它的整体观、无我论、生命观、净土观以及日常的生态实践方面。佛教生态文化尽管存在不少的历史局限性,但是它留下的关于人与自然和谐相处的丰富经验和深刻智慧,为人类建设生态文明提供了宝贵的资源,对于旅游开发来说,还是有很多值得挖掘和利用的文化资源。%Buddhism contains the rich and profound ecological ethics thoughts. The basic characteristics of Buddhism ecology ethics concentrate the its holism, self- denying doctrine, view of life value, pure land view, and daily ecologically practices. Although Buddhism ecological culture has its historical limitation, its rich experience and profound wisdom concerning harmony between human and nature provide precious resources to human beings' ecological civilization construction. In terms of tourism development, there are a lot of cultural resources that are worth digging up and utilizing.

  15. Analysis of Restrictive Factors of Chinese International Discourse Power for the Tibetan Matter:From a Religious Perspective%我国涉藏问题国际话语权制约因素分析--以宗教为考察维度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾晓阳; 李冬莲

    2014-01-01

    佛教在印度本土式微后,中国事实上已成为世界佛教的中心。但藏传佛教的复兴不仅未能促进涉藏问题的有利解决,反而成为制约我国涉藏问题国际话语权的战略“负资产”。将这种战略“负资产”转化为“正能量”的一种可行思路是,重视藏传佛教信众的心理认同,加强藏传佛教统战工作,争取宗教文化认同,占领道德制高点。%After Buddhism declining in India, China has become the center of world Buddhists. However, the resurgence of Tibetan Buddhism fails to turn into an advantage to solve the Tibetan matter;instead, it is a constraint to discourse power of Tibetan matter as a kind of"negative asset". Transforming this strategic"negative asset"into"positive energy"can be a feasible way to value Buddhist′s psychology identity, reinforce united front work of Tibetan Buddhism, strive for the religious cultural identity, and occupy the high point of moral .

  16. Women's Faith in Harmonious Society——Take Female Buddhists in Guanzhong Zone%和谐社会视野下的女性信仰问题——以关中地区女性佛教信仰者为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周玉茹

    2012-01-01

    历史上关中地区佛教非常兴盛,对地域文化、民众精神生活产生了重要影响。落实政策30年来,在关中地区佛教的恢复发展中,妇女佛教信仰恢复发展取得了巨大成绩,女性佛教教职人员人数、素质、社会影响方面都有了很大改变。佛教有助于一般在家信佛妇女克服对死亡的恐惧,提升精神生活质量,同时,信佛妇女无偿提供的经济、劳动力支持为佛教发展提供了重要物质保证。%In history Buddhism was quite popular in Guanzhong Zone which exerted great influence on local culture and people's spirits.In the past thirty years,female Buddhists attained great achievements in their faith revival,and female Buddhist teachers changed a lot in number,qualification and social influence.Buddhism is of great help in assisting housewives to overcome horror towards death and promote life quality.Meanwhile,economic and labor support from female Buddhists offer important material guarantee to the development of Buddhism.

  17. The Power of Interconnectivity: Tan Sitong's Invention of Historical Agency in Late Qing China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung-yok Ip

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available To explore how Chinese Buddhists acted as trailblazers of Engaged Buddhism, I shall analyze a late nineteenth-century thinker, Tan Sitong 譚嗣同 (1865–1898. The focus of my analysis is his masterpiece, Renxue 仁學. From his position of Buddhist eclecticism, Tan discoursed at length on non-differentiation as the truth of the universe to reflect on the creative disposition of human agency. He described in Renxue how this disposition would contribute to the agendas defining Chinese modernity. In addition, discussing the meanings of non-differentiation, Tan also generalized about the nature of the human agency he attempted to advocate: while he perceived the human agency blessed with a non-differentiating mindset as an omnipotent history-making force, he also argued that it did not confer upon its owner the status of world savior. In fact, in his view, the efficacy of a non-differentiating mind was determined by the world it aimed to help. Tan's signature piece, I argue, provides a lens through which we can observe modern Chinese Buddhism's role as an important part of the global formation of Engaged Buddhism.

  18. The Research on the Relations between Shi Xiao-ying’LUO HU YE LU and YUN WO JI TAN and Their Historical Value%论释晓莹《罗湖野录》与《云卧纪谈》的关系及史料价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金建锋

    2015-01-01

    Shi Xiao-ying was a big important historian in the Chinese Buddhism history,who had two important Bud-dhism works———LUO HU YE LU and YUN WO JI TAN. The two works had some relations,in which YUN WO JI TA was based on LUO HU YE LU. The two works had some historical values in the Buddhism history,literature history and histori-cal history.%释晓莹是我国佛教史上具有一定影响的佛教史家,现存有两部重要的佛教著作———《罗湖野录》和《云卧纪谈》。两书的关系为:《云卧纪谈》应是《罗湖野录》的续作。两书对佛教史、文学史、史学史研究等具有一定的史料价值。

  19. Misreading and re-reading: interpretation in comparative religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René Gothóni

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Religion should no longer only be equated with a doctrine or philosophy which, although important, is but one aspect or dimension of the phenomenon religion. Apart from presenting the intellectual or rational aspects of Buddhism, we should aim at a balanced view by also focusing on the mythical or narrative axioms of the Buddhist doctrines, as well as on the practical and ritual, the experiential and emotional, the ethical and legal, the social and institutional, and the material and artistic dimensions of the religious phenomenon known as Buddhism. This will help us to arrive at a balanced, unbiased and holistic conception of the subject matter. We must be careful not to impose the ethnocentric conceptions of our time, or to fall into the trap of reductionism, or to project our own idiosyncratic or personal beliefs onto the subject of our research. For example, according to Marco Polo, the Sinhalese Buddhists were 'idolaters', in other words worshippers of idols. This interpretation of the Sinhalese custom of placing offerings such as flowers, incense and lights before the Buddha image is quite understandable, because it is one of the most conspicuous feature of Sinhalese Buddhism even today. However, in conceiving of Buddhists as 'idolaters', Polo was uncritically using the concept of the then prevailing ethnocentric Christian discourse, by which the worshippers of other religions used idols, images or representations of God or the divine as objects of worship, a false God, as it were. Christians, on the other hand, worshipped the only true God.

  20. An Unknown Tradition of Han Chinese Conversions to Tibetan Buddhism:Han Chinese Incarnate Lamas and Parishioners of Tibetan Buddhist Monasteries in Amdo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gray Tuttle

    2013-01-01

    AbstrActThis article examines Han Chinese who has historically practiced Tibetan Buddhism in the Qinghai-Gansu border region. The main primary sources were published in the 1990s, based on surveys by Chinese social scientists who were sent around in the 1950s to collect data on Tibetan Buddhist institutions as well as additional independent surveys from the 1980s and my own site visits in 2006. On the basis of these sources, I argue that there are at least 100,000 and probably as many as 200,000 Han Chinese on the borders of Qinghai and Gansu (part of the Amdo cultural region for Tibetans) practicing Tibetan Buddhism, following traditions that seem to have been in place for centuries. I also discuss the sixteen historic cases of Han Chinese reincarnate lamas and the over one hundred monasteries in this region affiliated with Han Chinese. Finally, I note the sectarian affiliations (jiaopai: Nyingma, Geluk, etc.) and religious practices of these Chinese communities practicing Tibetan Buddhism.

  1. 近十余年明代女性与佛教关系研究之综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳娜

    2015-01-01

    明代被佛教史研究者视为佛教思想呆滞的保守期。在这个保守时代,女性群体与佛教之间的关系是微妙的。女性在遵循传统的封建礼教标准的同时,又努力在佛教信仰过程中开辟出自由的生存空间。近十年来,史学界对明代的女性群体与佛教关系也有为数不少的研究成果。在回顾明代女性与佛教关系研究的缘起和发展状况的同时,从女性的佛教观、佛教中女性的主体地位和文学作品中女尼形象这三方面来对明时期女性与佛教关系作深入的探讨,对这一领域的研究状况进行归纳和评述也势必为该领域的进一步发展产生一定的意义。%The Ming Dynasty was the conservative period in the study of the history of Buddhism. In the conservative era, the relationship between female group and Buddhism is subtle. Women must follow the traditional feudal ethics standards, at the same time, make efforts to open up a free living space in the Buddhist belief. In recent ten years, there are many research results about the relationship between Buddhist and women in historian circle. In the review of the study of the origin and development of relationship between Buddhist and women in Ming Dynasty, the female viewpoint of Buddhism, Buddhism female subjectivity and the image of female, the paper investigates the relationship between women and Buddhism in the Ming period, which has certain significance for further development of the study in this field.

  2. Learning for the Purpose of Application--on the Property of“Mythological and Taoist Themes”in the Northern Dynasties Caves at the Mogao Grottoes%吸纳消化化彼为我--谈莫高窟北朝洞窟“神话、道教题材”的属性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Some images in Mogao caves 249, 285, and 297, including King Father of the East, Queen Mother of the West, Fuxi, Nüwa, god of thunder, Kaiming, Feilian, Blue Dragon, White Tiger, Scarlet Bird, Black Tortoise, Fangshi (alchemist), and feathered human beings, are Taoist creation or mixtures of both Taoism and Buddhism. All these opinions are not pertinent. Actually, they reflected Buddhist absorption of mythological and Taoist themes. Buddhism strengthened itself by absorbing non-Buddhist themes and then overshadowed Taoism. This also means that Dunhuang Buddhism in the Northern Dynasties had broken through the limitation of Buddhist scriptures and stepped toward secularization.%  莫高窟第249、285、297窟出现东王公、西王母、伏羲、女娲、雷神、开明、飞廉、青龙、白虎、朱雀、玄武、方士、羽人等形象,或属之道教,或属之“佛道结合”或“佛道杂糅”,皆非确论。其实为佛教对神话、道教题材的吸纳消化,化为己有。彼所有者我亦有,我所有者彼乃无。从而充实、壮大加强了自身,在佛道较量中更胜一筹。同时意味着北朝时期敦煌佛教突破了佛经封闭性局限,朝向世俗化方向踱步。

  3. 北朝佛传故事龙浴太子形象演变%Evolution of the Image of the Nagas Bathing Siddhartha in the Buddhist Life Story of the Northern Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘连香

    2014-01-01

    The image of the nagas spraying water over Siddhartha, a theme very common in the Western Regions, Central Plains, Buddhist cave temples and steles in north China during the Northern Dynasties, is a visual form intended to preach Buddhism, which exhibits characteristics of various times and regions. The development of the pictures of Siddhartha with the nagas suggests the images were first influenced by Gandharan art and gradually absorbed elements from traditional Chinese culture. The changes in the central Buddha and surrounding Buddhas and nagas spraying water over Siddhartha indicate a transition from Hinayana Buddhism to Mahayana. This change to Mahayana Buddhism seems consistent with the psychological needs of a time when the common people wished for social stability in the chaos of wars.%佛传故事龙浴太子形象在北朝时期的西域、中原及北方佛教造像碑、石窟寺中比较常见,这是运用图像宣扬佛教的一种形式,具有一定的时代性和地域特点。从该图像中太子与龙的形象演变能够看出曾经受到犍陀罗艺术的影响,并逐渐与汉文化因素相融合。根据与龙浴太子形象并存的佛像主尊和其他佛像身份变化,体现出佛教信仰由小乘向大乘的转变,符合当时战乱频仍状况下人们希冀社会安定的心理需求。

  4. “文镜”发微%A Buddhist Inquiry into the Phrase Bunkyo of Kakai' s Bunkyo Hifuron

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石少欣

    2012-01-01

    《文镜秘府论》的书名与结构都独具特色,我们认为这一独特性应与空海大师醇厚的佛学修养密不可分。本文旨在结合佛教文献中禅宗、华严宗以及密宗对“镜”的意象的分析,试析“文镜”除去文学层面的表义之外,所含佛教方面的深意,并结合空海大师其他作品中所流露的弘法志向,阐发《文镜秘府论》一书所寄托的教化意图。%Kakai, who had intended to study in Tang for 20 years, got abhiksema given by Master Huiguo and was instructed to return to Japan soon, so that he left China after two - year study to spread Tantric Buddhism. Krlkai devoted himself to exercising and spreading Buddhism and left us many Buddhist works, among which there is a book on the writing art of poems and composi- tion, that is, the famous Bunkyo Hifuron. why did he edit such a book? Surely it shows his love of Han Culture. What's more, the uique title and structure speaks out his minds of buddhism. This article is ready to make an thourough inquiry into the Buddhist meanings of the unique phrase Bunkyo appearing in the title in order to expose K@ai' s Buddhist thoughts and devotion and to expose a new understanding of the book.

  5. Parallels between Mindfulness and First-person Research into Consciousness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga MARKIČ

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights some of the parallels encountered in the areas of mindfulness and first-person scientific approaches to research into consciousness. It thus considers the possibilities of using mindfulness as a scientific method in the area of cognitive science. We are well aware that both first-person research approaches in cognitive science and mindfulness as a type of Buddhist practice are intertwined with certain conceptual frameworks. This calls for a careful consideration of their individual characteristics, which may gain completely different meanings outside of their primary contexts. Since the concept of mindfulness has been a part of Western thinking for some time now, especially in the area of therapy, we believe it is necessary for a critical reflection on the possibilities of both of these areas to inspire each other. We touch upon some of the important epistemological and methodological questions, and point out some of the problems common to both empirical first-person research and Buddhist methods of contemplation of experience. More specifically, this work examines the problem of limited scope of insight, the subject-object split and excavation fallacy, the problem of researching everyday experience, and the issue of horizon. We also consider the question of research intention in both science and Buddhism. The conclusion gives some suggestions as to how these two areas might mutually benefit one another. We also point out the ethical aspects that Buddhism might contribute to scientific research, and the open-endedness that science could contribute to Buddhism and other spiritual practices.

  6. 喇嘛“斗法”考--兼论忽必烈及元皇室独尊藏传佛教的由来%Rese arch on Lamas’ “Battle of Wits”:Kublai Khan and the Mongol Courts’ Acceptance fo Tibetan Budd hism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文泰

    2016-01-01

    Owing to the closeness and cultural connections between Mongols and Tibetans , during the uan Dynasty Tibetan Buddhism was naturally elevated as a “national religion .”But this elevation was lso due to the various methods of senior monks who exhibited so -called “miraculous powers” which azzled the eyes and attracted many members of the Mongol royal court .In order to gain support from the Mongol royalty, various branches of Tibetan Buddhism struggled against each other .During this rocess,Tibetan Buddhism was continually inclined to turn more “secular ,”which impacted various as-ects of the religion .%藏传佛教在有元一代占有主导地位,固然有蒙藏两个民族地理相近、文化相通、生活惯类似的天然特质成份,但藏传佛教高僧多方经营,至以展示所谓“神通法术”而炫人眼目,也是吸引蒙古王室成员信奉的内容之一。为争夺元皇室的信奉支持,即使藏传佛教内部的各派之间,也会出现针锋相对的斗争。在此过程中,即出现藏传佛教不断增加的“世俗化”倾,对其本身及元代政治有多方面的不良影响,而宗喀巴大师以戒律为本对藏传佛教的改造、整顿,功不可忘。

  7. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar and his thought on socialism in India-A critical evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarba Priya Ray

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In establishing an egalitarian society in India which is based on liberty , equality and fraternity and social justice,Ambedkar, the great Indian Constitution maker, struggled to find out avenues and means – intellectual, organizational and in terms of programmes throughout his life. This study attempts to throw light on Ambedkar’s quest for socialism in India with special reference to Marxism and Buddhism. He accepted the concept of class struggle but he felt that in the Indian set up, it had to be substantially redefined and ascribed a similar agenda to the Buddha and agreed that one of the major contradictions of capitalism was the social basis of its production in contrast to private appropriation. He criticized Marxism for subscribing to economic determinism, for its inadequate grasp of liberal democracy, for its inability to adequately understand the realm of ideologies and for considering moral values as historically conditioned. Though Ambedkar described his scheme of economic organization of the Indian society as state socialism, in view of its other features, we believe it appropriate to identify it democratic socialism. Moreover, collective farming , one of the major features of his model of democratic socialism, needs to be thoroughly reconsidered as it lacked viability. It is somewhat inconceivable how he could achieve socialism by eliminating socio-economic inequality without undermining the basic economic foundation of society on which the system of inequality was founded. The inability to resolve this contradiction ultimately led Ambedkar to find solace in Buddhism, with an attempt to present its teachings ‘in a new light to suit modern class realities’. In fact, Ambedkar‘s conversion to Buddhism was a ‘self-deception’ and channeled the whole movement of workers and peasants led by him into ‘reactionary and metaphysical conceptions’.

  8. 谋道从来不计身--从《陆龙图诜挽词》看苏轼的人生理念%Exploring Morality Without Considering Oneself---On Su Shi's Life Philosophy Based on Lu Long-tu's Obituary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐瑛; 周洪林

    2015-01-01

    对于大诗人苏轼,人们谈论太多的是他一生如何在颠沛流离的生活里,怎样在佛、道思想的浸润中变得旷达与自适。实际上,当我们把苏轼读书为官的人生轨迹和他对一些前辈先贤的评判结合起来看,就会发现在儒、道、释这三者上,儒家“道济天下”的理念才真正贯穿他人生的始终,深入他的骨髓。佛、道思想在他身上的体现,则只是他命运偃蹇时的调试剂而已。%With regard to the great poet———Su Sh i,people talk too much about his wandering life,his broad-minded and adaptive life through infiltrating in Buddhism and Taoism. In fact,looking into both of Su Shi’s trajectory life of learning and official career and evaluation from some predecessors,we can find that among Confucianism,Taoism and Buddhism,the Confucian idea of“rescuing the world”really runs throughout and goes deep into his life. The Buddhism and Taoism reflected in his life are only a kind of relief feeling when he was in trouble.

  9. From“Deep Sorrow on Impermanence”to“Mundane Buddhism”:An Analysis of Feng Zikai's Buddhist Thoughts%从“无常之恸”到“人间佛教”:丰子恺佛教思想初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋霞; 杨晓河

    2015-01-01

    在中国现代文学艺术史上,丰子恺最大的特点在于他的人生与艺术均充满了佛教意味。他从对时空的哲思开启人生之问,从对无常的体悟接近佛教之门,从对无常的参悟走向“人间佛教”。丰子恺的佛教思想的内涵是:以现实人生为基点,以人的清净心为基础,把佛教的精神运用于世间,通过大乘菩萨道的修持完善人格进而建立和平、仁爱的人间净土。%In Chinese modern history of literature and art ,Feng Zikai is characterized by the feature that his life and art are full of the Buddhist implications .He started his asking about life by philosophical thinking on time and space .He approached the gate of Buddhism from his thinking on impermanence .He devoted himself to mun‐dane Buddhism from his reflection on impermanence .The connotations of his Buddhist thoughts rest on the basis of realistic life and lustration heart and aims to apply the spirit of Buddhism in human life to perfect humanity in the hope of establishing a peaceful and kindhearted pure land on earth through the spiritual training of Mahayana Bo ‐dhisattva.

  10. Discusses on the View of Filial Piety in Wang Fanzhi's Poems%试论王梵志诗中的孝道观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李盼

    2011-01-01

    Wang Fanzhi is a special character in the Tang Dynasty,whose poems are popular in Buddhism and the people at the bottom of society.However,there is no record about him in history and all Tang Poems.One of the important contents in poems,written by Wang Fanzhi,is advocating filial piety.By reading poems in detail,it discusses the special view of filial piety in Wang Fanzhi's poems,which explains the essence from Buddhism and the specific content from Confucianism and embodies the process of combination of Buddhism and Confucianism and the social reality.It has a highly value and meaning.%王梵志是唐代一位极其特殊人物,其诗在佛教弟子和广大底层人民中间流行其广,但在史书、全唐诗中不见其人。"提倡孝"是王梵志诗重要的内容,故从细读文本出发来探索王梵志诗中体现的特殊的孝道观:从现实出发,用佛教理论阐述"孝"的本质;依照儒家思想规定孝行的具体内容。这体现了唐代儒佛孝道观结合的进程和唐代的社会现实,极具价值和意义。

  11. 方以智住持浮山华严寺考述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋豪飞

    2014-01-01

    Fushan Mountain in Zongyang w as once well-known for buddhism in history, especially Huayan Temple. Fang Yizhi was forced to escape for Buddhism after Ming Dynasty perished. He presided over Qingyuan ?Bodhimanda in Jiangxi and Edited “A Brief Chorography of Qingyuan”in his old age, but he increasingly wanted to go home for spending his remaining years until death. The people of his hometown also hoped him back early abbotting Huayan Temple.He promised and sent his disciple Shanzu to Fushan Mountain firstly,but he himself died from the accident and failed to come back.Though he was 16th generation abbot of Huayan Temple,he never spoks Dharm in the temple. The historical study of Fang Yizhi will benefit the development of his Buddhism thought.%枞阳浮山历史上曾以佛教驰名,尤华严寺最著。方以智于明亡后被迫逃禅,晚年主江西青原道场,纂修《青原志略》,但心中日益萌生归乡终老之意;而家乡官绅父老亦热切期盼他回乡兴修华严寺,重振名刹。方氏虽是应允,派其弟子山足兴斧先行浮山料理,但本人因粤难突发而逝,终未遂愿。他虽名列华严寺第16代住持,却未一日入寺坐堂说法。考其史实,于研究方以智晚年行实与佛教思想或有裨益。

  12. The Great Stupa of Dharmakaya: Visual Expressions of a Tibetan Teacher's Path and Lineage in the Diaspora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janice Glowski

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available With the Tibetan diaspora in the late 1950s, Tibetan Buddhism spread to nearly every continent on the globe and has begun transforming western landscapes through the construction of 'stūpas', Buddhism’s principal architectural form.  'The Great Stupa of Dharmakaya Which Liberates Upon Seeing', located at Shambhala Mountain Center in Red Feather Lakes, Colorado and dedicated to the meditation master Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche, is an especially rich example of Tibetan Buddhist visual culture in the diaspora.  An iconographic analysis of the monuments exterior and interior architectural elements, sculptures and paintings, when contextualized within their historical context, reveals an intimate biography of Trungpa Rinpoche’s life.  Specifically, the visual narrative conveys two main Tibetan Buddhist themes:  the teacher’s progressive path of meditation and his lineage affiliations within Vajrayāna Buddhism.  In this way, the 'stūpa'' 'acts as a visual 'namtar '('rNam-thar', a traditional Tibetan biography that emphasizes a teacher’s personal journey to liberation and the masters who guided the way.  Although located far from the Himalayas and its Tibetan heritage, 'The Great Stupa of Dharmakaya’s' affinity to traditional Tibetan Buddhist architectural and religious modalities provides a window into Tibet Buddhism's history prior to 1959.  At the same time, the monument serves as coherent, visual documentation of Tibetan art during the diaspora’s early period and will, no doubt, become an increasingly important part of the tradition’s historical record.''

  13. [The origin of mental hospital in Japan and its typological classification].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omata, Waichiro

    2003-01-01

    Before the beginning of the Modernization in 1868, there were no psychiatric hospitals in the sense of Modern-Western in Japan. Instead of them, as far as I ascertained, altogether 30 asylums are existed in the whole country. They are mainly buddhistic temples and shrines, where psychotic patients and their families are treated by monks in various way. The ways of treatment are quite different, so that the typological classification of asylums is possible according to this point: 1. treatment by waterfall or water, 2. treatment with old Chinese herbal medicine, 3. treatment with collaborative conjuration associated musical instrument (drum). From the historical standpoint of view the Type 1 has oldest tradition. In the late of 11th century a daughter of the emperor was psychotic and sent into the temple Iwakura-Daiunji in northern suburb in Kyoto-City. She was treated successfully with holly waterfall and water and after this legend many psychotic patients gathered there. From the end of 14th century the Temple Juninji near the City of Okazaki began treatment with Chinese herb for the psychotics. Compared to Daiunji which belongs to Mikkyo-sect in the national Buddhism Juninji belongs to Jodoshin-sect in the frame of the reformed Buddhism. Altogether 4 temples of Type 2 are belonging to this new sect without exception and after the Modernization (Meiji-Restoration in 1868) became psychiatric hospitals. The all temples belonging to Type 3 are Nichiren-sect also in the reformed Buddhism and began the conjuration-treatment after 17th. century. The typology of asylums before the Modernization brings us necessary to the question on the origin of the ways and methods in psychiatric treatments in the history.

  14. 星云大师佛教财富观对现代经济学的超越∗%Grand Master Hsing Yun's Buddhist View of Wealth as an Overstepping of Modern Economics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立夫

    2015-01-01

    佛教在两千多年的发展中,尽管蕴含着丰富的经济学思想,但几乎很少有佛教学者敢于正面直视“经济问题”,造成了诸多的误读。星云大师以其几十年的弘法体验,向公众“开示”佛教的“财富课”,对现代经济学而言既是一种纠偏,也是一种超越。星云大师从“经世济民”的高度综合地看待经济问题,用“圣财”、“净财”来界定财富,用“因果法则”来指导“经商伦理”,并用“惜福”、“环保”来理财,不仅涵盖了富兰克林提出的"赚钱格言",而且颠覆了“韦伯难题”。也许人们并不承认有所谓的“佛教经济学”,但对于佛教的财富观念、生财、理财之道,当一定不敢轻视。%In the course of development for thousands of years,few Buddhist scholars chose to face di-rectly the economic issue,though there did exist abundant economical ideas in Buddhism,which led to a-mounts of misunderstanding.Grand Master Hsing Yun shed light upon economic ideas in Buddhism based on his experiences in Buddhism promotion for decades,which is undoubtedly a rectification,even a tran-scendence to modern economics.Grand Master Hsing Yun dissects economic issues aiming at benefiting the people.All these ideas define wealth by “Sheng Cai”or “Jing Cai”,and instruct business ethics by the law of cause and effect,while conducting financial management through treasuring blessings and environ-mental protection.Buddhist economic ideas proposed by Grand Master Hsing Yun not only cover money-making motto by Franklin,but also a subversion to Weber Puzzle.Maybe so-called Buddhist Economics has never been admitted,however,the idea about wealth,money-making,and financial management in Buddhism can never be neglected.

  15. Asymmetrical Religious Commitments?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aktor, Mikael

    2015-01-01

    The starting point of this article is the observation that more scholars of Buddhism seem to be engaged in Buddhist practices than their colleagues in the study of Hinduism are engaged in Hindu practices. It aims to examine this observation more closely and discuss the involved problematics...... in a more general perspective of the scholar’s responsibilities in relation to the public. The evidence examined consists partly of different types of public material including scholarly works, institutional and personal webpages, and the results from two anonymous questionnaire surveys set up on Hindu...

  16. Japanese History, Post-Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Lazopoulos

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Jason Ānanda Josephson, The Invention of Religion in Japan. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2012. 408 pp. $90 (cloth, $30 (paper. Hwansoo Ilmee Kim, Empire of the Dharma: Korean and Japanese Buddhism, 1877–1912. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2012. 444 pp. $50 (cloth. Jung-Sun N. Han, An Imperial Path to Modernity: Yoshino Sakuzō and a New Liberal Order in East Asia, 1905–1937. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2012. 244 pp. $40 (cloth.

  17. The Paradox of Modern Suffering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dræby, Anders

    . According to Buddhism, existence is suffering, and each persons desire to reach a state of nothingness (Nirvana) causes them to return over and over through reincarnation, in order to work out their karma. In Christianity suffering is inseparable from man's earthly existence, and it must serve to overcome...... evil and strengthen goodness in the person who is able to recognize the divine mercy in its call. Through faith man can discover the redemptive suffering of Christ and rediscover his own sufferings enriched with a new meaning. The more one suffers in this life in the service of God, the more prepared...... one is to achieve salvation in an existence after death....

  18. KESEDERHANAAN WABICHA DALAM UPACARA MINUM TEH JEPANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fajria Noviana

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Japanese tea ceremony is called chanoyu in Japanese. It is a multifaceted traditional activity strongly influenced by Zen Buddhism, in which powdered green tea, or matcha, is ceremonially prepared and served to the guests. Wabicha is a style of Japanese tea ceremony particularly associated with Sen no Rikyū that emphasizes simplicity. He refined the art of Japanese tea ceremony equipment and tea house design, with a preference for very simple and very small tea rooms, and natural materials with simpler decoration

  19. Theory of Traditional Chinese Aesthetic Thoughts Influence on Ancient Chinese Architectural Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴静

    2014-01-01

    the Chinese tradition of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism thought influence the design style of the building. Confu-cian, Taoist thought of"the doctrine of the mean"of"nature and humanity"ideology, traditional Confucian thought on the forma-tion of the traditional architectural style vital role. Of ancient Chinese architecture is harmonious and peaceful feelings, Confucian, Taoist, buddhist thought deeply, meanwhile, reflect the hand, reasonable aspiration is dependent of the aesthetic, the emotion affects the ancient Chinese architecture planning, layout and construction, formed the ancient Chinese architecture unique architectural style and artistic style and features.

  20. Was epicurus a buddhist? An examination and critique of the theories of negative happiness in buddha and epicurus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Barkman

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2008v7n2p286Comparisons betw western philosophies are uncommon and this, among other things, hinders global philosophical discourse. Thus, in this essay I want to compare the philosophies of the Buddha and Epicurus for similarities, particular in regard to what I call "negative happiness." Once I have establish this, I want to give a brief critique of negative happiness, which subsequently amounts to a selective critique of Buddhism and Epicureanism.

  1. The use of Buddhist mindfulness meditation in psychotherapy: a case report from Sri Lanka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Zoysa, Piyanjali

    2011-11-01

    Buddhist practices have been increasingly influencing psychotherapy. For over 20 centuries, Buddhism has been the religion of a majority of Sri Lankans. However, there is little documentation of the use of Buddhist practices in psychotherapy in Sri Lanka. This paper presents a case study in which Theravadan Buddhist mindfulness meditation and cognitive therapy practices were used in the treatment of a client with depressive disorder. The paper also summarizes the influence of Buddhist concepts and mindfulness meditation on psychotherapy and illustrate how Buddhist doctrine and practices can be considered a psychotherapeutic method.

  2. India's Engagement With East Asia and The China Factor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Li

    2010-01-01

    @@ Introduction India's engagement with East Asia has enjoyed a long history.In ancient times,the Indian Civilization exerted substantial influence on Southeast and East Asia.Buddhism,originating on the Subcontinent more than two centuries ago,remains most popular in Southeast and East Asia.India also has centuries of economic bonds with the region.Under the colonial rule of the British,India was used to safeguard and promote British"interests"in the Pacific Ocean,as well as in the Middle East and Africa.

  3. The perspective of psychosomatic medicine on the effect of religion on the mind-body relationship in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakao, Mutsuhiro; Ohara, Chisin

    2014-02-01

    Shintoism, Buddhism, and Qi, which advocate the unity of mind and body, have contributed to the Japanese philosophy of life. The practice of psychosomatic medicine emphasizes the connection between mind and body and combines the psychotherapies (directed at the mind) and relaxation techniques (directed at the body), to achieve stress management. Participation in religious activities such as preaching, praying, meditating, and practicing Zen can also elicit relaxation responses. Thus, it is time for traditional religions to play an active role in helping those seeking psychological stability after the Great East Japan Earthquake and the ongoing crisis related to the nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan, to maintain a healthy mind-body relationship.

  4. Ancient Indian Buddhist View of Four Caste Equal Theory and Its Thought System of Pluralistic Tendency%古印度佛教的四姓平等观及多元倾向的思想体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚卫群

    2015-01-01

    The formation of Buddhist theoretical characteristics has an important relationship with ancient Indian caste system. The main founders and original followers of early Buddhism usually had a negative attitude towards the caste system which had a great influence on ancient Indian society, and explicitly rejected the social inequality formed under caste system.This exerts a direct influence on the pluralistically-oriented theories, such as theories of dependent origination, five skandhas, no-self and im-permanence.Even after its spreading into many countries outside India, Buddhism still stressed the equality of all living beings and many corresponding theories.Therefore, in order to understand the causes of some important theories of Buddhism, we should study the social development form or basic structure in ancient India in the period of early Buddhism.%佛教理论特色的形成与古印度的种姓制有着重要的关系。佛教在产生时的主要创立者及最初的信众通常对于古印度社会中影响极大的种姓制具有抵触态度,对于种姓制下形成的社会不平等明确表示反对。这对于佛教在理论上提出缘起观、五蕴说、无我说与无常观等具多元倾向的思想有直接的影响。甚至在传入印度外的许多国家后,佛教仍然强调众生平等和许多与之相应的理论。因此,要明了佛教的一些重要教义或理论提出的原因时,就必须要考察此教产生时的古印度的社会发展形态或基本结构。

  5. http://englishkyoto-seas.org/2014/02/vol-1-no-3-takahiro-kojima/

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takahiro Kojima

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper will explore the religious practices of Theravada Buddhists in Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province. The data presented were gathered by the author during a year of fieldwork in a village outside the city of Ruili. Dehong Prefecture is located on the China-Myanmar border. One of the main groups in this area is the Dai (Tăi, who follow Theravada Buddhism. Buddhism was brought into Dehong mainly from Myanmar. Local religious practices have much in common with Buddhist practices in Southeast Asia, sharing the same Pali canon. However, this area differs from other Theravada Buddhist societies in that it has a relatively low number of monks and novices. Although all the villages in Dehong have a monastery, just as in the rest of Southeast Asia, most of the monas- teries are uninhabited. One reason for this is the oppression of religion during the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. But more important, the custom of ordaining is significantly less widespread in Dehong than in other Theravada Buddhist societies. Therefore, without resident monks, Buddhist rituals in Dehong are performed by virtue of the direct relationship between the lay community and their Buddhist texts, Buddha images, and pagodas. In particular, holu (experts in reciting Buddhist texts and xiŋ lai (elderly people who go to the monastery during the rainy season retreat to keep eight precepts on special holy days play important roles as mediators in this relationship.1 It is laypeople, not monks, who play the central role in the practice of Buddhism in Dehong. In this situation, knowledge of Buddhism is transmitted mainly from laypeople to laypeople. Furthermore, a diver- sity of practices has been produced and reproduced by local Buddhists. These features of Buddhist practices in Dehong are in striking contrast to practices in other Theravada Buddhist societies, and suggest that there is a need to re-examine the models to understand

  6. United States Navy Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) Costs: A Preliminary Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-26

    concentration in Chinese and Japanese Buddhism from Temple University. Dr. Keenan D. Yoho Graduate School of Business & Public Policy Naval Postgraduate...December 26, 2004, an undersea earthquake of 9.1 magnitude earthquake struck off the west coast of the island of Sumatra in Indonesia . Seven days after...reports) >20,000 >10,000 Displaced >1,500,000 >1,100,000 >300,000 1. In Indonesia , more than 25% of Aceh Province’s villages were destroyed 1

  7. THE PHILOSOPHY OF “DALIT”?...(A new theory on “JATIS”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Arulmani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available It is focused that in human social system “Dalits” are considered as an “out-caste” and treated them as “Untouchables” and being ill-treated almost in every day of Life. If so, where did Dalits come from?... Since Ancient time global level Scientists, Scholars, Anthropologists could not exactly answer who are Dalits?... Further world wide Untouchability, Casteism discrimination being practiced besides “BLACK” and “WHITE”, ethnics. Further hundreds of castes, sub castes exist within main “Ethnic frame” of religions like Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, considering Dalits as distinguished out-caste.

  8. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana S. ROŠKER

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Spirituality plays a significant role in shaping the cohesion of communities, their values, and their structures across the globe. Various religious practices and ideational systems are particularly complex in Asia. Home to some of the world major spiritual traditions such as Hinduism and Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism, as well as to a relevant number of practicing Christians, Muslims, and self-identified atheists and agnostics, Asia provides us with an intense and extraordinarily rich tapestry of different religious and spiritual practices...

  9. [Life of Lonrig Dandar, a famous physician of traditional Mongolian medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baoyintu; Haserdun

    2003-01-01

    Longrig Dandar, a Mongolian native of Kalak, was born in 1842 and died in 1915. Being a famous Mongolian physician converted to Buddhism when he was a boy, he was proficient in "Five Rig-pa", especially fond of gSo-ba rig-pa with high achievements, and was respected as wonderful physician in Mongolian region. Though he was oppressed when he was young, but was later recommended by XIII Dalai Lama. He was famous in local region. He wrote and published 5 medical books, including Helile (Chebula) jing zhu jie yin an jing, Ta jiao de, exerting very profound influence in Mongolian medical province.

  10. 禅悟人生,回归本真--论艾伦·金斯伯格的诗禅佛韵%Enlightening Life and Returning to the True Self:Allen Ginsberg ’s Zen in His Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李寒

    2013-01-01

    Allen Ginsburg's affinity with Zen Buddhism is the inevitable of contingency, which is related to his own life experience, social environment, literary and cultural contexts. He begins to learn about Zen Buddhism at Columbia University. His belief in it deepens as he is in more contact with his friends on the east and west coasts of America. As a result, he goes to such Buddhist countries as India and China to learn Buddhism and practise meditation. He finally converts to Buddhism, piously believing in it until his death. In his Zen affinity, William Blake's voice across space and time initiates his spiritual enlightenment; In his happy life of meditation, he is absolutely at ease with everything, and his spontaneous writing integrating Zen with poetry exposes his poetry-Zen aesthetics in perceiving the real life; In his lightening life, he has compassion for the interests of the worldly, and transcends life and death, ultimately returns to his true Self.%艾伦·金斯伯格与佛禅的因缘是偶然中的必然。这与其自身的生活经历、社会环境、文学和文化背景相关联。大学时初结佛缘,后在与东西海岸的师友交往中佛缘渐深,以至亲自到印度、中国学佛参禅,最终皈依佛门,信奉持受一直到生命的最后。在佛禅的因缘中,威廉·布莱克的声音穿越时空开启他灵性的顿悟;在禅悦的人生中,他随缘任运,融通诗禅的自发写作表现出感悟生活真实的诗禅美学;在禅悟的人生中,他慈悲为怀利益众生,超越生死而最终回归生命的真实性。

  11. 史学的瑰宝--卜正民《纵乐的困惑:明代的商业与文化》评介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方骏

    2004-01-01

    @@ 加拿大著名汉学家卜正民(Timothy Brook)教授的专著(The Confusions of Pleasure:Commerce and Culturein Ming China),是继他(Praying fo Power:Buddhism andthe Formation of Gentry Societyin Late-Ming China)之后面世的又一部在北美汉学界引起广泛注意的力作.2004年初,北京三联书店和台北联经出版公司公别出版了本书中译本的简繁体字版.

  12. Pakistan-beyond your expectation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jason Liu

    2004-01-01

    <正> Few Westerners know much about Pakistan beyond media reports of Islamic fundamentalism, communal violence and martial law, but it contains some of Asia’s most mind-blowing landscapes, extraordinary trekking opportunities, a multitude of cultures and a long tradition of hospitality.The China’s neighbouring country is the site of some of the earliest human settlements, home to an ancient civilisation rivalling those of Egypt and Mesopotamia, and the crucible of two of the world’s major religions, Hinduism and Buddhism. You’ll surely get more than what you expected there. .

  13. Sanctuaries of urban sociability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Anni

    . Thirdly, they are not perceived of as pockets of resistance; however, the sanctuaries studied have offered possibilities for acquiring a social etiquette, aesthetic skills and a social morality which point beyond the local community or the lodge formations, irregular intrigues and power plays...... sanctuaries were reinvented during Tokugawa. In this historical period Buddhism and Shinto were thoroughly intertwined (Reader 2005). People of Edo ‘picked and mixed’ from both religions. The focus is on issues of practice and on levels of engagement in a variety of events as indices of religiosity....

  14. QIANSHAN MAITREYA MUSEUM OF ART%千山弥勒艺术馆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    新宇

    2012-01-01

    Qianshan Maitreya Museum of Art in Anshan City is a Buddhism culture art museum privately founded. It is located at the Qianshan Scenic Area, and is an open and public museum of art with the floor area of 1,500 square meters, and the construction area of 1,000 square meters.%鞍山市千山弥勒艺术馆是一家由私人创办的佛教文化艺术馆,位于千山风景区秀美空灵的自然环境中。

  15. Religion and Ethical Attitudes toward Accepting a Bribe: A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert W. McGee

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the results of an empirical study of ethical attitudes toward bribe taking in six religions—Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, the Baha’i faith, Hinduism, and Judaism. The paper begins with a discussion of the theoretical and empirical literature on the subject. The empirical part of the study examines attitudes toward accepting bribes in 57 countries from the perspectives of six religions using the data from Wave 6 (2010–2014 of the World Values Survey. The sample population is more than 52,000. More than a dozen demographic variables were examined. The study found that attitude toward bribe taking does differ by religion.

  16. God Concept in Veda-Upanisads and Its Influence on Indian Later Philosophy and Religion%吠陀奥义书中的神观念及其对印度后世宗教哲学的影响∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚卫群

    2015-01-01

    吠陀和奥义书是现存研究印度宗教哲学的最早文献资料。这些文献中的神崇拜形态有多种多样,对印度后世的宗教哲学有不同程度的影响。佛教中提及的许多神与吠陀奥义书中展示的神有种种关联,但佛教的主流理论是缘起观和性空说。这种理论的主要性质就决定了神在此教中不可能有多少地位,因而吠陀奥义书中的神观念对佛教的影响十分有限。婆罗门教或印度教中的主流神崇拜形态受吠陀奥义书的神观念影响较大。这种崇拜把先前的一些神改造成了具有哲学本体意义的神,或把当时哲人们重视的哲学本体赋予了神的身份或功能。这对于促成印度思想史上宗教与哲学的紧密联系起了极大作用。%Veda and Upanisads are the earliest literature existing for the research of Indian religious philosophy. There are various god worship forms in these literature. They have different degrees of influence on later Indian religious philosophy. Many gods mentioned in Buddhism are related with gods in Veda and Upanisads, but the mainstream theories of Buddhism are the theories of dependent origination and non-existence. The main feature of such theories has determined that gods can not have any position in Buddhism. So the influence of god concepts in Veda and Upanisads on Buddhism are very limited. But the mainstream god worship forms in Brahmanism or Hinduism have received a great influence from the god concepts in Veda and Upanisads. Such worship has made the previous god become the god with philosophical ontology significance, or has given the philosophical ontology the identity of god or god functions. This has enabled the religion and philosophy in Indian history closely linked.

  17. The Dual Role a Buddhist Monk Played in the American South: The Balance between Heritage and Citizenship in the Refugee Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Rhodes

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Buddhist Monks in Vietnam struggle with cultural preservation differently from a monk in the U.S. where the forces of acculturation for new arrivals, often refugees, are extraordinarily overwhelming. The author provides a case study examining how Buddhist leaders engage in cultural preservation and community building in the American South. Fusing ideas of Engaged Buddhism and community building, the author will demonstrate how a Buddhist monk is able to navigate the broader American culture and assist Vietnamese immigrants and refugees to acculturate, while maintaining their own cultural heritage, beliefs and religious traditions; ultimately building a viable and sustainable Buddhist community that contributes greatly to its new host community.

  18. Pedagogical Viewpoints of "Buddhist Culture" Compul-sory Course in Chinese Universities%高校“佛教文化”选修课教学之我见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李熙灿

    2015-01-01

    As a compulsory course on Chinese traditional culture in universities,"Buddhist Culture"is located in brief introduction to Buddhist culture. Its pedagogical content should constitute a complete knowledge system, and fit the contemporary under-graduate's request and levels. Therefore, the pedagogical content knowledge is designed to include nine aspects, i.e. the origin of Buddhism, the basic idea of Buddhism, Chinese Buddhism de-nominations, the introduction to Buddhist scriptures, Buddhist history, Buddhism characters and stories, Buddhist architecture and relics, and Buddhist influence on Chinese culture. Pedagogi-cal practice should follow the several principles, such as teaching students in accordance with their aptitude, gradual improvement, combining theory with practice, and integrating Chinese and Western cultures. Several pedagogical methods are considered to be suitable for the course, including narration method, reading and reciting method, practice method, and intuitive teaching method.%作为高校传统文化的通识类选修课程“,佛教文化”定位于从文化和知识角度,对佛教文化进行解读和欣赏,并挖掘其精神内涵。教学内容应契合当代大学生基础和要求,并构成一个完整的学科体系。教学内容大致包括:佛教之缘起、佛教的基本思想、汉传佛教各宗派、佛教典籍与佛经导读、佛教史、佛教的人物与故事、佛教艺术、佛教建筑与遗迹、佛教对祖国文化的影响等。教学过程应贯彻因材施教、循序渐进、知行合一、中西融通四大教育教学原则,可采用讲述法、朗读法、实践法和直观式教学法等合适教学方法。

  19. 福建福鼎市太姥山宋代国兴寺遗址的发掘%Excavation of the Guoxingsi Temple-site of the Song Period at Tailaoshan in Fuding City,Fujian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    福建博物院; 福鼎市文体局; 福鼎市旅游局; 太姥山风景区管理局

    2003-01-01

    In September-November 2001,the Fujian Provincial Museum and other institutions excavated the site of Guoxingsi Temple at Tailaoshan in Fuding City.They revealed the vestiges of pavilions,side rooms,passages,small yards and a stupa in this Song period temple and dug out large quantities of ceramic articles,structural members and inscribed steles.The excavation indicates that the temple was first built in the fourth year of the Qianfu reign,Tang Dynasty,and reached its prosperity atthe turn from the Northern Song to the Southern Song period.The unearthed material contributes to studying the history of architecture and Buddhism in ancient China.

  20. Al-Ummah fī Indūnīsīya: Mafhūmuhā, Wāqi‘uhā wa Tajrībatuhā

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Quraish Shihab

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Islam has undergone several renewals throughout its long history in Indonesia. These renewals have resulted in stratifications leading to the formation of sects within Indonesian Muslim community. Meanwhile, Hinduism and Buddhism -  the two dominant religions which came before Islam - still exist amongst a small number of the population, and Christianity is gaining more adherents. In effect Indonesia is becoming an ethnically, religiously and professionally pluralistic nation. Differences in opinion are thus unavoidable.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v1i1.867

  1. At Ease in Between: The Middle Position of a Scholar-Practitioner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duncan Ryûken Williams

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This essay explores the recent state of the field of Buddhist Studies in the United States and how scholar-practitioners of Buddhism might position themselves within these institutional contexts. I propose that Buddhists scholar-practitioners have two major responsibilities vis-à-vis our students: 1 encourage students to “sympathetically understand” the tradition and 2 develop some critical perspective on a tradition with its lengthy history, multiplicity of sectarian forms, and great diversity of ways in which the religion has had and continues to have impact on culture, art, politics, and so forth.

  2. Tai Chi philosophy and nursing epistemology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alperson, Sunny Yim

    2008-01-01

    This article analyzes the philosophy underpinning Tai Chi practice in light of nursing epistemology. The first half of the article reviews the general characteristics of major Chinese philosophical traditions that have been merged in Tai Chi: Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism. In the second half, themes of integration and praxis in Tai Chi are linked with Carper's fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. Tai Chi is a practical fusion of humanistic philosophy with an experiential dimension of movement in a nondualistic foundation. The author argues that TC philosophy can be applied to integrated knowledge development and nursing praxis.

  3. Fighting Brick with Brick: Chikazumi Jōkan and Buddhism’s Response to Christian Space in Imperial Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garrett Washington

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In 1915, with the support of Jōdo Shinshū (True Pure Land Buddhism’s Higashi Honganji sect and dozens of private Buddhist donors, Buddhist priest Chikazumi Jōkan erected a new, one-of-a-kind Buddhist meeting hall in Tokyo, the Kyūdō Kaikan. Chikazumi conceived of the building as a clear and deliberate spatial challenge to the crowded Protestant churches and lecture halls of turn-of-the-twentieth-century Tokyo. He chose prominent Western-style architect Takeda Goichi (1872–1938, rather than a traditional Japanese shrine or temple carpenter, to design it. The new building, in tandem with the adjacent Kyūdō Gakusha (Salvation Dormitory that Chikazumi established in 1902, spoke to, and significantly impacted, the socio-moral, intellectual, and religious life of hundreds of young Tokyoites. These two buildings represented a response to Protestant Christianity’s popularity and relevance like no other in imperial Japan. In order to achieve the religious evangelism and suprasectarian reform that he envisioned for Buddhism, Chikazumi proved willing to apply observations made in the West and appropriate practical Western Christian architectural features. Through an analysis of drawings, photographs, periodicals, institutional records, and other sources, this article tells the story of the rare fusion of opposites as Chikazumi equipped Buddhism to compete with Protestantism for the attention and devotion of the educated elite.

  4. Victorianizing Guangxu: Arresting Flows, Minting Coins, and Exerting Authority in Early Twentieth-Century Kham

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Relyea

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the late Qing and early Republican eras, eastern Tibet (Kham was a borderland on the cusp of political and economic change. Straddling Sichuan Province and central Tibet, it was coveted by both Chengdu and Lhasa. Informed by an absolutist conception of territorial sovereignty, Sichuan officials sought to exert exclusive authority in Kham by severing its inhabitants from regional and local influence. The resulting efforts to arrest the flow of rupees from British India and the flow of cultural identity entwined with Buddhism from Lhasa were grounded in two misperceptions: that Khampa opposition to Chinese rule was external, fostered solely by local monasteries as conduits of Lhasa’s spiritual authority, and that Sichuan could arrest such influence, the absence of which would legitimize both exclusive authority in Kham and regional assertions of sovereignty. The intersection of these misperceptions with the significance of Buddhism in Khampa identity determined the success of Sichuan’s policies and the focus of this article, the minting and circulation of the first and only Qing coin emblazoned with an image of the emperor. It was a flawed axiom of state and nation builders throughout the world that severing local cultural or spiritual influence was possible—or even necessary—to effect a borderland’s incorporation.

  5. 宗教和民俗的复合体--新疆蒙古族传统节日祖拉节%A Compound of Religion and Folk Custom---Traditional Zula Festival of Mongolian nationality in Sinkiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乌兰

    2014-01-01

    As a kind of folk custom,Zula Festival of Mongolian nationality in sinkiang is an integral part of traditional Mongolian culture;it is also an important part of the Mongolian Tibetan Buddhism culture .Zula Festival has both the cultur-al connotation of Tibetan Buddhism ,and characteristics of Sinkiang Mongolian culture .To study and explore this traditional festival has historical and realistic significance for the protection of traditional folk culture ,inheriting and developing non-material culture , and meeting the people′s upgraded spiritual and cultural life .%新疆蒙古族传统节日---“祖拉节”作为一种民俗文化,是蒙古族传统文化的组成部分,也是蒙古族藏传佛教文化的重要组成部分。“祖拉节”既有藏传佛教的文化内涵,又有新疆蒙古族文化的特色。对“祖拉节”的研究和发掘,对于保护民族民间传统文化、更好地继承和发展优秀的非物质文化、满足人们日益增长的精神文化生活具有一定的历史意义和现实意义。

  6. Discussed the Cultivation in Busch Theory and the Modern Nursing Concept%佛学的布施理论与现代护理理念培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晴

    2012-01-01

    The modern nursing culture was infiltrated with the Buddhism culture essence. The modern nursing concepts of "People oriented", "Patient-centered" were consistent with the Buddhism theory. Busch theory plays an important role in the cultivation of modem nursing concept. In the process of the cultivation of the modern nursing concept, we should draw the essence of traditional culture content, carry forward the nightingale spirit, insist the scientific education in world view, view of live and view of the values.%现代护理文化中渗透着佛学文化的精华.“以人为本”、“以病人为中心”,为病人作奉献的现代护理理念与佛学中的布施理论相一致.布施理论对现代护理理念的培养具有重要作用.在现代护理理念的培养过程中应吸取传统文化中的精华内容,发扬南丁格尔精神,坚持科学的世界观、人生观、价值观教育.

  7. Studying Dunhuang Printed Edition of Salvating Puerpera Dhāra īand Relevant Issues%敦煌印本《救产难陀罗尼》及相关问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李翎; 马德

    2013-01-01

    The life and death of human beings is a primary concern of Buddhism. Following the emergence of Tantric Buddhism, dhāra ī (similar to mantra) was in wide use in treating diseases and helping people out of suffering. Both Dunhuang printed edition of the Salvating Puerpera Dhāra īand handwritten copies of Nanyue Wen and Fodingxin Guanshiyin Jing reflect Buddhist concerns about human reproduction and popular belief in Avalokite vara. The “Avalokite vara Bodhisattva Methods of Disease Treatment and Labor Inducement”from the apocryphal Fodingxin Guanshiyin Jing was widely circulated in China for a long time.%佛教关注人类的生老病死,在密教产生之后,更是将陀罗尼运用到治病救难中。敦煌印本《救产难陀罗尼》和写本《难月文》、《佛顶心观世音经》都是佛教对于人类生育问题的关注,也是民间观音信仰的重要内容之一。其中伪经《佛顶心观世音经》卷中之《佛顶心观世音菩萨疗病催产方》,在较长的历史时期内广泛流行于中国的大江南北。

  8. The Self-Compassion Scale is Not Validated in a Buddhist Sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Xianglong; Wei, Jun; Oei, Tian Ps; Liu, Xiangping

    2016-12-01

    The concept of self-compassion originated from Buddhism, but very little is known about the utility and functions of this concept among Buddhists. Four hundred and eleven individuals (179 Buddhists and 232 non-Buddhists) completed the survey packages using the self-compassion scale (SCS; Neff in Self Identity 2(3):223-250, 2003a. doi: 10.1080/15298860309027 ). Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the original six dimensions of the SCS were not replicated by both samples, and further analysis of the intra-correlations within dimensions of SCS and relationships between SCS and other variables showed unexpected results specific to Buddhists. Among Buddhists, the dimensions of self-kindness and common humanity neither showed negative correlations with their opposite dimensions nor were associated with better emotional outcomes. In addition, these two dimensions were not predicted by the regular practice of loving-kindness meditation. This study argued that the ideas of self-compassion reflected in the SCS are theoretically different from the ideas of Buddhism, and further implications for measuring and clinically applying self-compassion were discussed.

  9. Practicantes del dharma en Andalucía (Practitioners of Dharma in Andalusia

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    Macías Sánchez, Clara

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El pluralismo religioso en Andalucía (España se ha intensificado en los últimos años pero no puede ser explicado exclusivamente con los flujos migratorios sino que también es el resultado de la sinergia de diversos factores. Un ejemplo de ello es el budismo cuya llegada puede fecharse en la década de los ochenta. El objetivo de este texto es profundizar en la situación actual de la implantación de esta confesión en un territorio determinado. El mejor conocimiento de los diferentes tipos de grupos budistas, las escuelas dispares a las que se adscriben, sus modos de organización y sus actividades, servirá para conocer mejor estos budismos que hablan el español. Abstract: The religious pluralism in Andalusia (Spain has been intensified in the last years, but it cannot be explained exclusively with the migratory flows but also is the result of the synergy of several factors. An example of this is Buddhism which arrivals can be dated in the eighties. The aim of this text is look in depth at the currently situation of this confession in a certain territory. The better knowledge of the different kinds of Buddhist groups, the diverse schools that they are affiliate, their ways of organization and their activities, will come in useful for know better this Buddhism that speaks Spanish.

  10. On the Acceptance of Chinese Literature in Nihon Ryolkl---Based on an Interpretation of the Confucian Allusion “Meng Chang Qi Shan”%《日本灵异记》对中国文学的接受研究--以儒学典故“孟尝七善”考释为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘九令

    2014-01-01

    As the first collection of Buddhism stories in its literature history of Japan,NihonRy-oiki not only absorbs some elements of Buddhist literature but also cites some Confucius allusions of China.Some Confucius allusions are altered into Buddhist stories by using “Bi Fu”to spread Buddhism doctrines.By taking the Confucian allusion “Meng Chang Qi Shan”and the significance of choosing this allusion as examples,this paper mainly attempts to do some research on the ac-ceptance of Chinese literature in NihonRyoiki.%日本文学史上第一部佛教说话集《日本灵异记》在编撰的过程中,不仅袭取了中国佛教文学,而且对中国的儒学典故也加以了利用,并通过比附的手法,将儒学典故这一文学元素改造成为佛教的内容,为宣扬佛教教义服务。文章以“孟尝七善”这一典故的出典及其使用意义为考察对象,揭示《日本灵异记》对中国文学的接受情况。

  11. Changes of Traditional Vietnamese Culture in Ancient Architecture Artistic Perspective%从古代建筑艺术中看越南传统文化的变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨健

    2013-01-01

    This article summarizes some ancient building types which mostly reflect Vietnamese traditional culture, highlights change process of the Vietnam's traditional culture and characteristics. There is typical community culture of Southeast Asia vil ages. Vietnam's traditional religious culture always is developed by Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism and differenced with Theravada Buddhism and mixed with the local religious character of Vietnam. Vietnam's traditional system culture is stil under the influence of China's feudal totalitarianism thought.%越南村社建筑、古代佛教建筑、黄城建筑等几种古代建筑是最能体现越南民族文化本色的建筑,它不但突出了越南传统文化的艺术空间,而且还折射出越南的文化变迁过程以及传统文化特色:典型的东南亚村社文化;区别于小乘佛教却又杂糅着本地宗教特色的儒、释、道三教并流的传统宗教文化;东西方文化碰撞下仍深受中国封建集权思想影响下的传统制度文化。

  12. The Relationship Between Title of Ming Dynasty and ZhuYuanzhang' s Religious Belief%大明国号与朱元璋信仰关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩传强

    2016-01-01

    Scholars believe that the title of Ming Dynasty came from ZhuYuanzhang' s experience of becoming a member of Zor-oastrianism.So, some people called him as"the Birth of Anji Yuukyuuzan".Through the investigation on Zhu Yuanzhang's belief system, we can find that ZhuYuanzhang dipped himself into Buddhism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism, Confucianism and other sects or schools,his belief system is somewhat of disorder.Based on this,title of Ming Dynasty would not have come from Zoroastrianism, but it could be close to Tantric Buddhism.%学界曾以朱元璋参与过明教,并以"明王出世"而认为大明国号也由来于此. 实际上,通过对朱元璋信仰体系的考察检视,可以发现,朱元璋一生对佛教、道教、明教、儒学等宗派或学派都有涉猎,其信仰体系缺乏连续性. 基于此,大明国号的由来不是源于明教,而与佛教密宗关系更为密切.

  13. 佛教文化影响下的藏族卓舞艺术%Tibetan Zhuo dance art under Buddhist culture influence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾雪

    2012-01-01

      Zhuo Dance become an Tibetan folk dance art, this paper expounds the Tibetan Zhuo dance art of Buddhism influence factors, through the Buddhist culture in Zhuo dance, formation of the embodiment and culture of Buddhism and Tibetan agriculture and animal husbandry culture upon binding to Zhuo dance art influence three aspects, shows Tibetan Zhuo dance in the process of development and innovation, still retains a strong national characteristics and the Tibetan religious psychological factors.%  卓舞是藏区独树一帜的民间歌舞艺术,本文通过佛教文化在卓舞歌词、队形中的体现和佛教文化与藏区农牧文化结合后对卓舞艺术的影响三方面阐述藏族卓舞艺术中的佛教影响因素,说明藏族卓舞在继承发展与创新的过程中,仍保留着浓郁的民族特色和藏族人民虔诚的宗教心理因素。

  14. Tea Production and Consumption in Korea%韩国茶叶生产与消费

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朴龙求

    2000-01-01

    Mr. Taeryum, an envoy of Shilla Dynasty brought tea seeds from China during Tang Dynastyand the seeds were planted at Jiri Mt. by the order of King Heungduk at AD 828. During Koryo Dynasty (918-1392), Buddhism spread rapidly all over the country and the tea culture reached its highest stage of prosperity. At the Chosun Dynasty. However, the ceremonial drinking of tea vanished almost completely due to the flourishing Confucian tradition, a kind of substitution of Buddhism. But a few people have supported the traditional tea culture by themselves. Since the independence of Korea soon after the World War II(1945), the cultivation area of tea plants has been increased and the cultural tradition of tea drinking has become popular again.At present, the cultivation area has been continued to increase and tea production has also been lifted up year byyear. In spite of continuous increased tea cultivation area, there still is a severe problem of shortage of tea in thecountry. Tea farmers and the Korean government should take several actions to solve to remedy the situation.In this paper the prospect for shortage of tea demand is discussed after 2003 when the high special customs du-ties for tea products is lowered from 536% to 30 or 40% in Korea and the trade situation of tea products oncountries around Korea are also discussed.

  15. 清人放生观述评%On Animal Freeing Theories in Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵杏根

    2012-01-01

    The animal freeing theories of "rewarding" and "salvation" in Qing Dynasty originated from Buddhism, and possessed more elements of new thoughts than previous animal freeing theories. The theories of "loving human beings and all animals" and "taking Buddhism help of Confucianism, and insisted that loving human Confucianism" expounded on animal freeing from the perspective beings be much more important than loving animals. "compassion" enhanced people's common sympathy for creatures, and promoted the actions of animal The theory of freeing.%清代关于放生的理论中,“福报说”、“普渡说”源于佛教,较此前以佛教论放生者,创获良多。“仁民爱物说”与“以佛助儒说”都以儒家理论论述放生,以“仁民”重于“爱物”。“恻隐之心说”强化人类普遍具有的对生命的同情,促进放生,并且提升人们的爱心。

  16. The Waste Land: Eliot’s Expiatory Pilgrimage from Church to Pagoda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Kuriakose

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Eliot’s poem The Waste Land is a pilgrimage in quest of an answer to the problem of desire—universal as well as personal—especially deviant sexuality, immoral behavior and their consequences. The traditional tags on the poem such as “a poem about Europe” and a poem about the “disillusionment of a generation” serve only to blinker the reader against its universal and spiritual dimensions. From the epigraph to the very concluding line of the poem, through numerous references and allusions to literary masterpieces and religious texts ranging over history, Eliot addresses the question of desire—craving-- in view of the essentials of Christianity, Hinduism and Buddhism. Thrashing out the problem in the light of  St. Augustine’s Confessions on burning and Buddha’s Fire Sermon on its remedy, Eliot preaches Datta, Dayadhvam and Damyata as the key virtues for the attainment of Shantih or “the peace that passeth understanding.” Thus the poem becomes a pilgrimage of Eliot across the spiritual landscape of the world. Keywords: expiatory pilgrimage, desire, homoeroticism, confession, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Buddha’s Fire Sermon

  17. 佛山的三个梵文音译地名%Three Sanskrit Transliterating Geographica Names of Foshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周日安

    2012-01-01

    广东省佛山市的三个重要地名塔坡、佛山、禅城,对应着佛教极为核心的词语stupa、buddha和dhyana。佛教这么早传入岭南边陲小村,得益于广州,与海上丝绸之路的蓝色文明相伴。佛山的三个音译地名,折射出广府的水性文明特征和包容外来文化的态度。%The three important geographical names, Tapo, Foshan and Chancheng of Foshan, correspond with three kernel words of Buddhism --stupa, buddha and dhycina. The early preaching of the Buddhism into the small village at the frontier of South of the Five Ridges benefited from Guangzhou and was accompanied by the civilization of the Maritime Silk Road. The three transliterating names of Fosban reflect on the characteristic of Canton's water-based civilization and on its inclusive attitude of outside culture.

  18. The Meeting with Guanyin, the Goddess of Mercy: A Case Study of Syncretism in the Hmong System of Beliefs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kao-Ly Yang

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this case study is to shed light on the identity of the spirit of fertility called Lady Kaying –Niam Nkauj Kab Yeeb—, its religious origin and the general processes of borrowing her fromother cultures within the Hmong culture. Hmong popular beliefs pertaining to Kaying reveal that Kaying is in fact the Chinese Goddess of Mercy Guanyin. She was imported from MahayanaBuddhism by the Hmong people of China who had retained her roles of the “Bestower of Children", the “Guardian Angel” or the "Conductor of the Dead Children". An analysis of the process of borrowing of the Chinese deity into the Hmong pantheon shows that Lady Kaying overlaps with an ancient spirit, the “Ancestor Spirit of Fertility” or Niam Poj Dab Pog. This case study demonstrates that the processes of borrowing are selective, integrative and comprehensive: some traits or fragments were taken from Buddhism and incorporated into the Hmong beliefs through a superimposing of a Hmong pre-existing system of beliefs.

  19. Analysis of the Evolution and Characteristics of the Chinese Buddhist Sculpture%浅析中国佛教雕塑艺术的演变与特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国仁

    2012-01-01

    Sculpture is a kind of plastic arts, three-dimensional form in space on the performance of human thought and life. Since the Eastern Han Buddhism came to China, combining with the Chinese sculpture. After the evolution of years of history and continue to nationalization, secularization, the original Buddhism with exotic flavor exudes the artistic features of the style of the Chinese nation, ultimately the formation of Chinese Buddhist art shine through the ages.%雕塑是一种空间造型艺术,以立体的形式在空间上表现着人类的思想和生活,是雕、刻、塑三种制作方法的总称。佛教自东汉传入中国后,便与中国雕塑艺术相结合。经过历史岁月的演变以及不断地民族化、世俗化,具有异域风格的印度佛教艺术逐渐与中华民族艺术特征相融合,最终形成了光耀千古的中国佛教艺术风格。

  20. 南京明代城墙与佛教文化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘斌

    2012-01-01

    著名的历史文化名城南京,与佛教文化具有1780多年的历史渊源。14—15世纪,南京作为明王朝的都城所在地,再度成为中国佛教文化的中心城市。通过南京城墙上发现的明代著名国家大寺——天界寺的砖文,解读其丰富的历史文化信息,从一个特殊的角度挖掘南京古城的历史文化资本。%Nanjing, a famous historical and cultural city, has a 1780-year history of Buddhist culture. During fourteenth century and fifteenth century, Nanjing once again became the central city of Buddhism in China as the capital of Ming Dynasty. This paper discusses characters on bricks discovered from Nanjing City Wall, which were from Tianjie Temple, a grand and national temple of ming Dynasty. These characters on bricks interpret rich history and culture of Nanjing as well as present a picture of Buddhism and social life during early Ming Dynasty from a special angle.

  1. 试论《文心雕龙》目录分类的思想内蕴%On the Ideological Implications in the Content Classification of“WenXinDiaoLong”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨弘倩

    2015-01-01

    刘勰的《文心雕龙》是中国古代文论中最优秀的作品之一,《文心雕龙》的目录分类体现了刘勰深受儒家、佛家思想的影响,其中儒家思想对其的影响大多体现于审美倾向和思想主题方面,佛家思想的影响则主要体现于全书的结构布局方面。%s:Liu Xie’s“Wen Xin Diao Long”occupies an important position in the history of Chinese liter⁃ature criticism. The content of“Wen Xin Diao Long”reflects that Liu Xie was deeply influenced by Confucian⁃ism and Buddhism. The influence of Confucianism mostly reflected his aesthetic tendencies and ideas and the influence of Buddhism mostly reflected his structural and layout.

  2. Review - Spirits of the Place

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    William B. Noseworthy

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Review of: Holt, John Clifford. 2009. Spirits of the Place:Buddhism and Lao Religious Culture. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. xiii+348. Black and white photographs and maps throughout, seven color plates after page 194, Lao transformations of the Ramayana, description of the cult of kwan, chapter notes, bibliography, index. ISBN: 978-08248-3327-5 (hardcover, 58USD. John Holt draws deeply upon more than twenty years of scholarship on the Theravadin world in Spirits of the Place, a work that analyzes the historical role of Buddhism in Laos. This work will appeal to scholars in such diverse fields as history, anthropology, sociology, religious studies, US foreign policy, and area studies. In this study Holt turns his focus to the Lao ethnic majority of Laos and the Lao ethnic minority of Isan Province, Thailand, in five chapters that compellingly combine historiographic and anthropological analysis, including what (MacDaniel 2010:120 has referred to as "the best Literature review of scholarship on Lao religion to date…"

  3. The social charity function of Tibetan monastic%藏区寺院的社会慈善功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒲生华

    2012-01-01

      藏族基本上是属于全民信教的一个民族,藏传佛教几乎渗透到了藏族群众生活得一切方面,从某种程度上说藏传佛教是信教僧俗价值观、人生观、世界观的折射,是精神世界的核心。藏区寺院把佛教教义中的转世成佛与慈悲为怀,普渡众生有机的结合起来,把天国理想世界与世俗社会结合起来,把天国理想境界和世俗需要结合起来,积极承担着一定的社会慈善救助功能。%  Tibetan basically belongs to the universal religion, Tibetan Buddhism penetrates into almost all aspects of life of the Tibetan people, to the extent that Tibetan Buddhism is the refraction of the religion and values, outlook on life, the world outlook, is the core of the spirit world. The Tibetan monastic combines the reincarnation of Buddha and compassion, and Purdue beings combines the ideal world with secular society, combines the kingdom of heaven ideal state and secular need, to actively take the certain social charity function.

  4. 朱熹与闽南多元宗教%Zhu-xi and Southern Fujian Multi-religions

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    林振礼

    2012-01-01

    Southern Fujian, well-known as a Buddhism realm, is the convergent area of multi-religions. Zhu-xi was Tongan county registrar of Quanzhou prefecture during his early official career, while at his old age he chaired as magistrate of Zhangzhou prefecture, from which to form countless ties with southern Fujian multi-religions. Before securing his official position in Quanzhou, Zhu-xi had an intermixed learning:not only being edified by Confucius, Mencius, and idealist philosophy of the two Mr. Chen,but also often consulted Buddhist, visited the temples and practiced Buddhism. At the early stage of his official position in Tongan, Zhu-xi once indulged himself in Buddhism, nevertheless due to the political, economic and cultural reality of the whole Southern Song dynasty society as eye- viewed from Tongan county and Quanzhou prefecture, which made him get divorced from Buddhism and be re-affiliated to Confucius. The incident of Hu-jia~s setting up multi-storey building (Islamic temple) in Quanzhou provided references for him to deal with the challenges from Buddhism along with Manichean. Zhu-xi occasionally got involved with southern Fujian Manichean (Zoroastrianism) during his official career in Quanzhou, nevertheless when he took charge of Zhangzhou as magistrate he forbade it. In conclusion, Zhu-xi dealt with southern Fujian Multi-religions in a way of merging them but not of tolerating them.%闽南素称“佛国”,为多元宗教聚集之地。朱熹初仕任泉州同安县主簿,晚年出知漳州,与闽南多元宗教有着千丝万缕的关系。仕泉之前,朱熹所学杂驳,既受孔孟学说和二程理学的熏陶,又曾问禅学佛,访道焚修。同安任初,朱熹也曾沉浸于佛道。然而,通过从同安一县及泉州一郡透视整个南宋社会政治、经济、文化现实,使其接受李侗之教而“逃禅归儒”。泉州之“胡贾建层楼”(伊斯兰教寺)事件为朱熹应对禅佛教、摩尼教的挑战

  5. A New Interpretation on the Character Image of Sarah in The French Lieutenant′s Woman%《法国中尉的女人》中莎拉的人物形象新解

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    仝露华

    2015-01-01

    This paper sets out from the oriental Buddhism and Zen′s thought to re-interpret the character image of Sarah,one from The French Lieutenant′s Woman.It starts from analyzing her close relationship with nature to link her image to Buddhism and Zen′s thought.Then it analyzes her image of a Buddhist "suffering masses"and "assis-ting and enlightening sage".Sarah represents the suffering mass and she has the personality of helping others out of distress.In the last two endings of this novel,Zen′s beliefs of "impermanence"and "life or death detachment"are shadowed from the choice she makes.Her choice in the third ending is a kind of spiritual detachment and self-satis-faction representing her supreme ideological level of Buddhism and Zen′s thought.%从东方佛禅思想入手,重新解读《法国中尉的女人》中莎拉的人物形象。通过分析她与自然的紧密联系,构建她与佛禅的关系,进而指出她所折射出的佛家“受苦受难的众生”形象和“普度众生的圣僧”形象。莎拉身上有受苦大众的影子,也有救苦救难的济世者特质。她在小说后两种结局里的命运折射出了禅宗“诸行无常”和“超脱生死”的观念。她在第三种结局里的选择反映了其精神上的超脱和自我满足,达到了佛禅思想的至高境界。

  6. 宗教视域下的南宋风俗画释读--以传李嵩《骷髅幻戏图》为例%The Research of the Genre Paintings of Southern Song Dynasty at the Religious Level---To Take the Skeleton Puppets for an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王一帆

    2015-01-01

    南宋一朝是佛教、道教日趋世俗化、平民化并在民间真正产生广泛影响的时代,也是以民间风物、习俗为主要母题的风俗画创作的一个高峰期。由于佛教、道教共同扎根于民间,这时期的部分风俗画作品都反映了释道二教实现普遍社会化的事实。传为南宋画家李嵩所作《骷髅幻戏图》因其表现内容之奇诡而为研究者所关注,至今已产生了不少诠释该画作内涵的学术成果。试图从宗教学的层面切入,结合相关的传世文献来发掘、讨论该图像与道教生死观、佛教“白骨观”、“髑髅法”的关系,并借此说明南宋释道社会化的宗教生态在宋画中的呈现。%The Buddhism and Taoism carried wide - ranging implications for the masses when they were secularized in the Southern Song Dynasty.During the same period,the ancient Chinese genre painting reached its first peak.Part of these works expressed the socialization process of Bud-dhism and Taoism.Skeleton Puppets which is inferred that was created by Li Song from the Southern Song Dynasty,has been focused on by many scholars for its marvelous scene.This paper tries to re-veal the relevance between this painting and Taoist philosophy about life and death or the Buddhist vi-sualization about bones and spells of skeleton at the religious level,for explaining how the paintings of Southern Song Dynasty show the socialization process of Buddhism and Taoism.

  7. The Buddhist Story of Siddhartha’s Bath:The Shift from Texts to Images%佛传中的洗浴太子:从经文到图像的转变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧慧

    2014-01-01

    浴佛节为纪念释迦诞生而设,是佛教的一个重要节日。摩耶夫人怀胎十月,于四月初八(一说二月初八)在一处花园里生下了释迦,多数佛经记载当时还有两条龙从空中口吐温水、凉水,为他洗浴,是为“二龙灌顶”。二龙灌顶图流行于藏传佛教和西域地区。只有一部佛经记载是九龙灌顶,但中国佛教却流传九龙灌顶之说,早在北魏时期九龙灌顶在当时已经得到普遍认同,佛教造像中频见九龙灌顶图像,佛教文献中也有记载。本文对二龙灌顶、九龙灌顶的佛经记载和图像流传进行了分析,提出从经文的二龙灌顶到图像的九龙灌顶的转变是佛教中国化的一个绝好例证。%The festival of Buddha’s birthday, which was established to memorize the birth of Sakyamuni, is an important Buddhist festival. Lady Maya gave birth to Sakyamuni in a garden on the eighth of April ( or February) of the lunar calendar after ten months’ pregnancy. According to the records of most Buddhist sutras, there were two nagas in the sky spraying water to bathe Sakyamuni at that time, known in the texts as “two nagas spraying water over Siddhartha.” The image is popular in both Tibetan Buddhism and in the Western Regions. Only one Buddhist sutra records that there were nine nagas, but this version of the story spread through Chinese Buddhism and had been widely accepted as early as the time of the Northern Wei dynasties. In addition to the records of Buddhist texts, the image of nine nagas spraying water over Siddhartha frequently appeared in Buddhist paintings and engravings. This paper analyzes the records in Buddhist sutras and the images of both versions of the story, considering that the shift from two nagas in written texts to nine nagas as depicted through images well exemplifies the sinicization of Buddhism.

  8. 论方外传记中的类传%On Class Biography of Recluse Biography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞樟华; 娄欣星

    2012-01-01

    方外传记中的类传,是专门记载性质相同、行为相近的僧侣、道士或世俗教徒事迹的一种传记形式,它产生于魏晋时期,以后代代相承,颇有发展。其中《高僧传》是中国佛教史上第一部系统的僧人类传,《大唐西域求法高僧传》则记载了中国僧人和朝鲜、越南僧人以及中亚细亚僧人总计56人西行求法的事迹,是一部具有国际意义的僧人类传。明清以来,民间佛教与居士佛教开始发展起来,因此,描写世俗教徒的类传也得到发展,清代彭际清所编的《居士传》,可谓居士类传的集成之作。僧人类传在形式上受到史传中的类传的影响,但是在记载内容、思想观念和叙事风格上都有明显的差异。%Class biography of recluse biography is a kind of biography typically recording the deeds of monks, priests, or secular followers which are in the same nature and with similar behavior; it originates in Wei and Jin dynasties, and it is developing from generation to generation. Eminent Monk Biography is the first systematic monk biography in the history of Chinese Buddhism. Tales of the Hierarchs Searching Buddhist Scripture in Western Regions of Tang Dynasty has recorded the westbound joumey of 56 monks, who are from China, North Korea, Vietnam, and Central Asia, which is of international importance. Ever since Ming and Qing dynasties, folk Buddhism and kulapati Buddhism have come in vogue, therefore, class biography describing the secular followers gets developing. Kulapati Biography by Peng Jiqing in Qing dynasty is a masterwork. Although the form of monks' class biography is affected by the class biography of historical biography, there are significant differences in their contents, ideas, and narrative styles.

  9. ALGUNAS CONSIDERACIONES CONTEXTUALES EN TORNO AL PRIMER VIAJE A JAPÓN DE JACQUES LACAN (1963 Contextual considerations on the subject of lacan’s first trip to japan (1963

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    Mercè Altimir

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Nuestro propósito es dar a conocer la importancia y el influjo de la cultura y el pensamiento oriental y Japón en la obra de Lacan, para cuya tarea hemos tomado el eje del viaje que realizó al archipiélago en la primavera de A partir de esta coordenada de tiempo hemos retrocedido hasta la presencia del país oriental en la obra de Sigmund Freud y hemos referido la mención del mikado y de los ainus en Tótem y tabú. En cuanto al budismo, centro del interés de Lacan en este primer viaje a las islas, Freud se mostró cauto, reticente, incluso hostil. Lacan, en cambio, se entusiasma por oriente y se interesa por el budismo, en especial por el zen. Hemos seleccionado los comentarios que hizo a su regreso de Japón. En los mismos, el psicoanalista francés pone el dedo en la llaga y nos habla del escamoteo que sufre la sexualidad femenina en el budismo, lo que le sirve de aviso para orientar la práctica del psicoanálisis.My aim in this paper is to make known the importance and influence of Eastern culture and thought and of Japan on Lacan’s works. I have taken as a starting point the trip he made to this country during the spring of 1963. After this I have gone backwards to consider the presence of Japan in Sigmund Freud’s works, calling attention to his mention of the Mikado and the Ainu in Totem and Taboo. Towards Buddhism, which was the focus of Lacan’s interest in this first trip to the archipelago, Freud was cautious, reticent and even hostile. Lacan, on the other hand, was enthusiastic about Orient and interested in Buddhism, especially in Zen. I have made a selection of the comments he made on his return from Japan, in which he pointed out weaknesses and commented on how feminine sexuality is eschewed in Buddhism, which he took note of in order to direct his practice in psychoanalysis accordingly.

  10. Mulheres budistas como líderes e professoras Buddhist women as leaders and teachers

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    Rita M. Gross

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available No budismo, o papel do professor de dharma (religioso é a função mais prestigiosa, e o professor de dharma tem mais autoridade do que qualquer outro líder. Apesar de os ensinamentos budistas não conterem nenhuma doutrina que limite essa função ao homem, na prática, em toda a história budista, foram pouquíssimas as mulheres que se tornaram conhecidas como professoras de dharma. Algumas pessoas acham que essas práticas não prejudicam as mulheres, porque estas podem, ainda assim, receber os ensinamentos, fazer as práticas mais avançadas e obter altos níveis de esclarecimento espiritual. Contudo, eu afirmo que o fato de não haver professoras de dharma reconhecidas foi nocivo seja para as mulheres budistas, seja para o próprio budismo. Isso tem a ver com o legado das comunidades de monjas em muitas partes do mundo budista, com os baixos padrões de educação para as mulheres, com o fraco prestígio de que gozam as praticantes mulheres, com a falta de modelos para as mulheres e com a perda da sabedoria feminina na herança do pensamento budista. Até que as professoras de dharma não forem amplamente reconhecidas e honradas, o budismo continuará sendo perseguido por seu passado patriarcal, com o prejuízo de todos.In Buddhism, the role of the dharma (religious teacher is the most prestigious role, and dharma teachers have more authority that any other leaders. Though the Buddhist teachings contain no doctrines that limit this role to men, in practice throughout Buddhist history, very few women have been publicly acknowledged as dharma teachers. Some people claim that this practice does not harm women because women can, nevertheless, receive teachings, do advanced practices, and attain high states of spiritual realization. However, I claim that the practice of not recognizing women as dharma teachers has been very harmful both to Buddhist women and to Buddhism itself. It has lead to the demise of the nuns' community in many parts of

  11. Ritual y poder en los centros budistas zen argentinos

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    Catón Eduardo Carini

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El presente artículo es un estudio de los grupos budistas zen argentinos desde la perspectiva de la antropología política. El objetivo es, en primer lugar, explorar las distintas posiciones sociales que los miembros pueden ocupar al interior de un grupo zen y los sistemas nativos de clasificación social, es decir, las categorías que nombran y crean distinciones rituales. En segundo lugar, analizar la estructura de autoridad y de poder al interior de una comunidad zen, indagando los vínculos entre el sistema ritual de posiciones sociales y la distribución del poder y la autoridad. La investigación etnográfica se efectuó siguiendo una metodología cualitativa, que incluyó la observación participante en los encuentros que los centros zen organizan periódicamente y la realización de entrevistas semi-estructuradas e historias de vida a sus miembros. Las conclusiones giran en torno a la importancia del ritual para la vida política de la comunidad, y la centralización del poder en la figura del maestro zen mediante la particular dinámica que evidencia la estructura de autoridad. Palabras clave: Argentina; Budismo zen; Política; Poder. Abstract The present anthropological study takes a political approach to the Argentinean Zen Buddhism groups. The first objective is to explore the variety of native social classification systems, that is to say the categories naming and creating rituals. Secondly, we try to analyze the authority and power system within a Zen community, investigating the relation between the ritual system of social positions and the distribution of power and authority. This article is based on qualitative research, which included periodic participant observation in gatherings organized by the Zen Buddhism centres and semistructured interviews with and life histories of their members. The conclusions focus on the importance of ritual for the community’s political life, and the centralization of power in the

  12. Zen Buddhist Spirituality (A espiritualidade zen budista - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n27p704en

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    Faustino Luiz Couto Teixeira

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The comparative study of mysticism and inter-religious spirituality has gained more space in universities and research centers that radiate everywhere. They are also research involving Eastern religions, in its peculiar mystical trait. Also in the context of Buddhism one can talk on spirituality, understood as a search path of liberation. This article presents the theme of Zen Buddhist spirituality based on the reflection of Eihei Dogen Zenji (1200 – 1253, one of the most important and prominent teachers of the Soto Zen Tradition.  This text aims to show the richness of spirituality and its peculiarity concerning the everyday reality. To promote understanding of the central question presented, the theme of spirituality was situated within the historical context of the birth of Zen Buddhism and the insertion of the presence of Dogen in its field of action. The theme of Zen spirituality was becoming evident in the approach to the problem of search of the Dharma in Dogen and his attention to small signs of everyday life. Keywords: Spirituality. Buddhism. Zen. Daily life. Religions. ResumoOs estudos de mística comparada e de espiritualidade interreligiosa vão ganhando espaço cada vez mais singular nas universidades e núcleos de pesquisa que se irradiam por toda parte. São pesquisas que envolvem também as religiões orientais, em seu traço místico peculiar. Também no âmbito do budismo pode-se falar em espiritualidade, entendida como um caminho de busca da libertação. Esse artigo visa apresentar o tema da espiritualidade zen budista, com base na reflexão de Eihei Dôgen Zenji (1200-1253, um dos mais importantes e destacados mestres da tradição Soto Zen. O objetivo é mostrar a riqueza dessa espiritualidade e sua peculiaridade de adesão à realidade cotidiana. Para favorecer a compreensão da questão central apresentada, visou-se situar a temática no âmbito do contexto histórico do nascimento do zen budismo e da inserção da

  13. 扩大中国文学版图 建构中国佛教诗学——《中国佛教文学史》编撰刍议%Modest Proposal on the Compilation of A History of Chinese Buddhist Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴光正

    2012-01-01

    中国佛教文学史就是中国佛教徒创作的文学的历史,就是佛教实践即佛教修持与佛教弘传过程中产生的文学的历史,就是用汉语、西域胡语、藏语、蒙古语、傣语等语种写成的大中华佛教文学的历史。"中国佛教文学史"的书写应该禀持民族本位立场和教派史视野,全面清理中国佛教文学的历史进程,并进而提炼民族精神、建构宗教诗学。"中国佛教文学史"的书写特别要关注印度佛教在中国各民族地区的本土化进程以及汉语佛教在东北亚、东南亚地区的本土化进程,在民族互动和国际交流中探讨宗教实践对社会和谐、文明演进的重大贡献。%The history of Chinese Buddhist literature is the history when Chinese Buddhists produce literary works, the history when in the procedure of Buddhism practice and dissemination Chinese Buddhists produce literary accomplishments, and is the history of the Great China Buddhist literature written by Chinese, " Hu language of western region, Tibetan, Mongolian, Dai and other branches of languages. The position of national culture and the sight of sects ought to be kept when writing A History of Chinese Buddhist Literature, and meanwhile the historical course of Buddhist literature is to be straightened all sidedly, helping to extract the national spirit and to construct religious poetics. When writing A History of Chinese Buddhist Literature, two points should be paid close attention that the localization of Indian Buddhism in all localities and all ethnic groups of China and the localization of Buddhism written in Chinese in northeastern Asia, and also that the sig- nificant contribution to the social harmony and the progress in the civilization achievedby, Southeasten Asia, ethnic interaction and international communication investigating religious practices.

  14. 中国传统文化视域下的少林武术文化%Shaolin Wushu Culture in the Sight of the Traditional Chinese Culture

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    龚红

    2013-01-01

    Shaolin wushu culture is a dazzling pearl in Chinese wushu culture history, is an organic component of Chinese wushu culture, and it has a very important function in Chinese wushu culture history. At the same time, Shaolin wushu culture is a product of chinese and foreign cultural communication,a exchanging product of Buddhism and Confucianism,and a product of Chinese Buddhism and Zen Buddhism,which is the main guiding ideology of Shaolin wushu culture.But Shaolin wushu culture is an indigenous Chinese Confucianism culture at root.Traditional Confucianism thought is revealed in every aspect of Shaolin wushu culture.However, Shaolin wushu culture is not just the same as Confucianism.It has own style and has formed exceptional Shaolin wushu culture systerm.%少林武术文化是中国武术文化史上的一颗璀璨明珠,是中国武术文化的有机组成部分,在中国武术文化史上具有举足轻重的作用。少林武术文化是中外文化交流的产物--佛学和儒学交流的产物,是中国化佛学--禅宗的产物。少林武术文化的主要指导思想是中国化佛学--禅宗,在其文化的最深层次则体现出土生土长的中国儒学文化,传统儒学思想在少林武术文化的各个方面都有着具体体现,但是少林武术文化又有着与儒学不完全一样的指导思想,具有自己的风格,形成了独具特色的少林武术文化体系。

  15. RELIGION AND PURIFICATION OF SOUL

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    Azam Khodashenas Pelko

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The Jainism emphasizes three major teachings about the purification of the soul (jiva, Ahimsa, Aparigrapha and anekantwad. Jainism, The focus of this religion has been purification of the soul by means of right conduct, right faith and right knowledge. The ultimate goal of Hinduism is Moksha or liberation (total freedom. In Hinduism, purification of the soul is a goal that one must work to attain. The Buddhism is the science of pursuing the aim of making the human mind perfect, and of purifying the human soul. The knowledge of purifying of the soul and softening of the hearts is as essential for human. They having the correct motivations means purifying our souls from hypocrisy, caprice, and heedlessness. The primary goal of Taoism may be described as the mystical intuition of the Tao, which is the way, the undivided unity, and the ultimate Reality. According to the Christianity access to truth cannot be conceived without purity of the soul

  16. Human Actions Illustrated in Zen’s Ox-Herding Pictures

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    Yong Zhi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The enlightenment from Zen’s perspective is the experiences of action that reveal a horizon of new consciousness. This event of enlightenment is the process of action rather than the outcome of action. Therefore, actions are not just the means to enlightenment but the very core of it. The actions of enlightenment from Zen’s perspective cannot be adequately described and explained in logical terms. Unlike most other Buddhist schools, Zen does not engage in extensive philosophical discourses; its classical literatures are mostly artistic in nature, consisting of collections of koans, poetry, and paintings, etc. The ten ox-herding pictures of Zen Buddhism are recognized as the classical illustration of Zen’s spiritual journey, as it vividly depicts the practice of Zen in a poetic and metaphorical way. They present a visual parable of the path to enlightenment in a narrative sequence of a boy’s searching, seeing, wrestling, riding, and transcending of the ox.

  17. National Theatre of China's Romeo and Juliet and Its Rituals

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    Benny Lim

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the “Chinese-ness” of this brand new production of Romeo and Juliet by the National Theatre of China, from a ritual perspective. Three main areas were discussed. Firstly, this play has got several religious connotations. The absence of religion in this play’s setting is relevant to China’s current high percentage of atheists. Despite that, several religions, such as Buddhism, Daoism and Christianity, are mentioned in this play. Secondly, the play has also incorporated several Chinese culture and traditions. The use of bicycles as one of the main props can be linked to the cultural significance of bicycles in China. The play also incorporated other cultural and traditional elements such as wedding customaries in China, Xinjiang dance, as well as the Chinese tongue twisters. Finally, the play has incorporated multiple Brechtian moments. Perhaps the Brechtian moments can lead audience to think about the current religious and cultural developments in modern China.

  18. Mindfulness and Self-deliverance to Pure Presence

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    Andrej ULE

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In the contemporary (Western literature on mindfulness many authors present it as only a mental practice, which may bring one to a more successful and effective working of the mind, as well as different kinds of mental concentration. However, at least in part of Buddhist literature mindfulness is taken as an inseparable part of the Eightfold Way, and not as a means to achieve a separate mental aim. Another important emphasis of Mahayana Buddhism is that mindfulness does not aim at something new, but instead leads our awareness towards a deeper origin, which has already been present with us. While the initial form of mindfulness clings to various methods and achievements, the higher form lies bare in the present moment, always ready to reveal itself. When we are ready to let go of all that we achieve and do, we can surrender our being to the here and now.

  19. 废名诗化小说的艺术世界%The Artistic World of Feiming' s Poetic Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱正平

    2012-01-01

    Feiming' s country novels present an artistic world with pastoral, lyric and poetic flavor. These novels display the beauty of quiet countryside, the good nature of human beings and the understanding of the doctrine of Buddhism.%废名的“乡土田园小说”,以带有田园牧歌情调、强烈抒情色彩和诗化倾向,营构了一个个缤纷多彩的艺术世界,展现了优美恬静的乡土之美、质朴敦厚的人性之美、温婉美丽的女性之美、佛道禅思的宗教之美。

  20. Instances of belief in fate in South India

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    Carl Gustav Diehl

    1967-02-01

    Full Text Available Man's life is predetermined by Karma. The deeds of an earlier existence bear their fruits in the present life. That is why the poor man is poor and the rich is happy with his wealth and good fortune. One man is born a brahman and another spends his days as a pariah. The law of Karma has spread in the wake of Buddhism all over the Indian continent and far beyond, whereas its complement and presupposition Samsara for the most part appears as an intellectual conception with little foundation in popular belief. But Karma is not blind. On the contrary it is absolutely just, and for that very reason inescapable. This is, however, modified in so far as good deeds are both possible and profitable. The fatal consequences of the Karma of previous births end with this span of existence. Life hereafter will depend on the fruits of accumulated Karma here and now.