Bidirectional buck boost converter
Esser, Albert Andreas Maria
1998-03-31
A bidirectional buck boost converter and method of operating the same allows regulation of power flow between first and second voltage sources in which the voltage level at each source is subject to change and power flow is independent of relative voltage levels. In one embodiment, the converter is designed for hard switching while another embodiment implements soft switching of the switching devices. In both embodiments, first and second switching devices are serially coupled between a relatively positive terminal and a relatively negative terminal of a first voltage source with third and fourth switching devices serially coupled between a relatively positive terminal and a relatively negative terminal of a second voltage source. A free-wheeling diode is coupled, respectively, in parallel opposition with respective ones of the switching devices. An inductor is coupled between a junction of the first and second switching devices and a junction of the third and fourth switching devices. Gating pulses supplied by a gating circuit selectively enable operation of the switching devices for transferring power between the voltage sources. In the second embodiment, each switching device is shunted by a capacitor and the switching devices are operated when voltage across the device is substantially zero.
Transformer Isolated Buck-Boost Converters
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Barry W. Williams
2016-12-01
Full Text Available Of the single-switch dc-to-dc converters, those with the buck-boost voltage transfer function offer most potential for transformer coupling, hence isolation, at the kilowatt level. This paper highlights the limitations of the traditional magnetic coupled, buck-boost topology. Then four split-capacitor transformer-coupled topologies (specifically the Cuk, sepic, zeta, and a new, converters with a common ac equivalent circuit are explored, that do not temporarily store core magnetic energy as does the traditional isolated buck-boost converter nor have a core dc magnetizing current bias, as with the sepic and zeta transformer coupled topologies. Core dc bias capacitive voltage compensation is a practical design constraint in three of the four topologies, while all four must cater for stray and leakage inductance effects. Simulations and experimental results for the new converter at 408W support the transformer-coupled, single-switch dc-to-dc converter concepts investigated.
Computer simulations of optimum boost and buck-boost converters
Rahman, S.
1982-01-01
The development of mathematicl models suitable for minimum weight boost and buck-boost converter designs are presented. The facility of an augumented Lagrangian (ALAG) multiplier-based nonlinear programming technique is demonstrated for minimum weight design optimizations of boost and buck-boost power converters. ALAG-based computer simulation results for those two minimum weight designs are discussed. Certain important features of ALAG are presented in the framework of a comprehensive design example for boost and buck-boost power converter design optimization. The study provides refreshing design insight of power converters and presents such information as weight annd loss profiles of various semiconductor components and magnetics as a function of the switching frequency.
Computer simulations of optimum boost and buck-boost converters
Rahman, S.
1982-09-01
The development of mathematicl models suitable for minimum weight boost and buck-boost converter designs are presented. The facility of an augumented Lagrangian (ALAG) multiplier-based nonlinear programming technique is demonstrated for minimum weight design optimizations of boost and buck-boost power converters. ALAG-based computer simulation results for those two minimum weight designs are discussed. Certain important features of ALAG are presented in the framework of a comprehensive design example for boost and buck-boost power converter design optimization. The study provides refreshing design insight of power converters and presents such information as weight annd loss profiles of various semiconductor components and magnetics as a function of the switching frequency.
Buck-boost converter feedback controller design via evolutionary search
Sundareswaran, K.; Devi, V.; Nadeem, S. K.; Sreedevi, V. T.; Palani, S.
2010-11-01
Buck-boost converters are switched power converters. The model of the converter system varies from the ON state to the OFF state and hence traditional methods of controller design based on approximate transfer function models do not yield good dynamic response at different operating points of the converter system. This article attempts to design a feedback controller for a buck-boost type dc-dc converter using a genetic algorithm. The feedback controller design is perceived as an optimisation problem and a robust controller is estimated through an evolutionary search. Extensive simulation and experimental results provided in the article show the effectiveness of the new approach.
2015-01-01
In this paper, a design and control for the buck-boost converter, i.e., 1-plus-D converter with a positive output voltage, is presented, which combines the 1-plus-D converter and the synchronous rectified (SR) buck converter. By doing so, the problem in voltage bucking of the 1-plus-D converter can be solved, thereby increasing the application capability of the 1-plus-D converter. Since such a converter operates in continuous conduction mode inherently, it possesses the nonpulsating output cu...
Nonlinear program based optimization of boost and buck-boost converter designs
Rahman, S.; Lee, F. C.
1981-01-01
The facility of an Augmented Lagrangian (ALAG) multiplier based nonlinear programming technique is demonstrated for minimum-weight design optimizations of boost and buck-boost power converters. Certain important features of ALAG are presented in the framework of a comprehensive design example for buck-boost power converter design optimization. The study provides refreshing design insight of power converters and presents such information as weight and loss profiles of various semiconductor components and magnetics as a function of the switching frequency.
Integrated buck-boost converter with Matrix-POL architecture
2013-01-01
In this study, integrated buck-boost converter with the Matrix-POL power supply system is proposed. From the simulation results, the validity of the Matrix-POL is revealed. The results revealed that the fast response to the load current and the voltage change can be done with duty and parallel number control by the proposed system.
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Jeevan Naik
2015-06-01
Full Text Available In this paper, a design and control for the buck-boost converter, i.e., 1-plus-D converter with a positive output voltage, is presented, which combines the 1-plus-D converter and the synchronous rectified (SR buck converter. By doing so, the problem in voltage bucking of the 1-plus-D converter can be solved, thereby increasing the application capability of the 1-plus-D converter. Since such a converter operates in continuous conduction mode inherently, it possesses the nonpulsating output current, thereby not only decreasing the current stress on the output capacitor but also reducing the output voltage ripple. Above all, both the 1-plus-D converter and the SR buck converter, combined into a buck–boost converter with no right-half plane zero, use the same power switches, thereby causing the required circuit to be compact and the corresponding cost to be down. Furthermore, during the magnetization period, the input voltage of the 1-plus-D converter comes from the input voltage source, whereas during the demagnetization period, the input voltage of the 1-plus-D converter comes from the output voltage of the SR buck converter.
Nonlinear Phenomena in Buck-Boost Power Factor Correction Converter
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Mehrnoosh Vatani
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Buck-Boost Power-Factor-Correction (PFC converter with Average-Current-Model (ACM control is a nonlinear circuit because of the multiplier using and large change in the duty cycle, so its stability analysis must be studied by nonlinear model. In this paper double averaging method is used for describing the model of this converter. By this model we would be able to explain the low frequency dynamics of the system and identify stability boundaries according to circuit parameters and also nonlinear phenomena of this converter are detected.
2014-01-01
The power converter is one of the essential elements for effective use of renewable power sources. This paper focuses on the development of a circuit simulation model for maximum power point tracking (MPPT) evaluation of solar power that involves using different buck-boost power converter topologies; including SEPIC, Zeta, and four-switch type buck-boost DC/DC converters. The circuit simulation model mainly includes three subsystems: a PV model; a buck-boost converter-based MPPT system; and ...
Analysis of Non-minimum Phase in Buck-Boost Converter
2016-01-01
In this paper, relations among the parameters of the non-minimum phase for the Buck-Boost converter are studied. It is demonstrated that when the Buck-Boost converter works in Buck mode, the negative regulation voltage is determined by the converter with the pre-designed inductor and load as the duty ratio D0.382, and the duty ratio has a limited effect on the negative regulation voltage of the converter; when the Buck-Boost converter works in Boost mode，the negative regulation voltage is det...
Modeling and Simulation of Buck-Boost Converter with Voltage Feedback Control
2015-01-01
In order to design the control system, it is necessary to have an exact model of buck-boost converter. This paper put forward the transfer function model of buck-boost converter by the state-space average method. The open-loop transfer function model of uncompensated system is deduced according to the mathematic model of the buck-boost converter, the controller is designed according to frequency domain. The phase and magnitude margin of the open-loop system of the buck-boost converter with co...
What is the Best Converter for Low Voltage Fuel Cell Applications- A Buck or Boost?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nymand, Morten; Tranberg, René; Madsen, Mark E.;
2009-01-01
Amongst many converter topologies that have been proposed and developed for low voltage fuel cell applications, isolated full-bridge Buck and Boost converters appear to be the most popular. Although the Buck topology is considered to be superior in performance, for particularly being more efficient....... Experimental results of two 1.5 kW prototype Buck and Boost converter units are presented with detailed discussions, and the paper explains why, in contrary to the popular belief, a properly designed Boost topology is superior in performance to Buck topology and more appropriate for low voltage fuel cell......, this claim has never been proved with a ‘proper’ comparison to the Boost topology. This paper presents a comprehensive comparison between Buck and Boost topologies, which are designed for the same specifications and tested under the same and stringent operating conditions using precision measuring equipment...
What is the Best Converter for Low Voltage Fuel Cell Applications- A Buck or Boost?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nymand, Morten; Tranberg, René; Madsen, Mark E.
2009-01-01
Amongst many converter topologies that have been proposed and developed for low voltage fuel cell applications, isolated full-bridge Buck and Boost converters appear to be the most popular. Although the Buck topology is considered to be superior in performance, for particularly being more efficient......, this claim has never been proved with a ‘proper’ comparison to the Boost topology. This paper presents a comprehensive comparison between Buck and Boost topologies, which are designed for the same specifications and tested under the same and stringent operating conditions using precision measuring equipment....... Experimental results of two 1.5 kW prototype Buck and Boost converter units are presented with detailed discussions, and the paper explains why, in contrary to the popular belief, a properly designed Boost topology is superior in performance to Buck topology and more appropriate for low voltage fuel cell...
A Novel Quadratic Buck-Boost DC-DC Converter without Floating Gate-Driver
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mostaan, Ali; A. Gorji, Saman; N. Soltani, Mohsen
2016-01-01
for floating gate driver. In addition, the voltage stress of one of the switches is lower than the existing quadratic buck-boost converters. Performance of the analytical results is validated using both simulation in MATLAB/SIMULINK and experimental tests where the proposed converter is evaluated in both buck...
A Novel Quadratic Buck-Boost DC-DC Converter without Floating Gate-Driver
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mostaan, Ali; A. Gorji, Saman; N. Soltani, Mohsen
2016-01-01
for floating gate driver. In addition, the voltage stress of one of the switches is lower than the existing quadratic buck-boost converters. Performance of the analytical results is validated using both simulation in MATLAB/SIMULINK and experimental tests where the proposed converter is evaluated in both buck...
Modeling and Simulation of Buck-Boost Converter with Voltage Feedback Control
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Zhou Xuelian
2015-01-01
Full Text Available In order to design the control system, it is necessary to have an exact model of buck-boost converter. This paper put forward the transfer function model of buck-boost converter by the state-space average method. The open-loop transfer function model of uncompensated system is deduced according to the mathematic model of the buck-boost converter, the controller is designed according to frequency domain. The phase and magnitude margin of the open-loop system of the buck-boost converter with compensator have both been increased. After compensating, this control system has the advantages of small overshoot and short settling time. It can also improve control system’s real time property and anti-interference ability.
Modeling and Analysis of Transformerless High Gain Buck-boost DC-DC Converters
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Vu Tran
2014-12-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a transfomerless switched capacitor buck boost converter model, which provides higher voltage gain and higher efficiency when compared to the conventional buck boost converter. The averaged model based on state-space description is analyzed in the paper. The simulation results are presented to confirm the capability of the converter to generate high voltage ratios. The comparison between the proposed model and the traditional model is also provided to reveal the improvement. The proposed converter is suitable for for a wide application which requires high step-up DC-DC converters such as DC micro-grids and solar electrical energy.
Analysis of Non-minimum Phase in Buck-Boost Converter
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Huang Jinfeng
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, relations among the parameters of the non-minimum phase for the Buck-Boost converter are studied. It is demonstrated that when the Buck-Boost converter works in Buck mode, the negative regulation voltage is determined by the converter with the pre-designed inductor and load as the duty ratio D0.382, and the duty ratio has a limited effect on the negative regulation voltage of the converter; when the Buck-Boost converter works in Boost mode，the negative regulation voltage is determined jointly by the converter with its pre-designed inductor, load and duty cycle, for which performs that the higher the output voltage is (i.e., the greater the duty ratio is，the more severe undershoot of the voltage will be. The conclusion of this paper has a guidance meaning for decreasing the negative regulation voltage of the Buck-Boost converter. Finally the correctness of the analysis for the non-minimum phase is verified by simulations and experiments.
Smooth-Transition Simple Digital PWM Modulator for Four-Switch Buck-Boost Converters
Rodriguez, Alberto; Rodriguez, Miguel; Vazquez, Aitor; Maija, Pablo F.; Sebastian, Javier
2014-08-01
Four Switch non-inverting Buck-Boost (4SBB) converters are extensively used in non-isolated applications where voltage step-up and step-down are required. In order to achieve high efficiency operation it is preferred to control the 4SBB as a Buck or Boost converter, depending on the input/output voltage ratio. However, when input and output voltages are close this approach requires near- unity conversion ratios, which are difficult to achieve in practice. Several alternative operating modes have been proposed in the literature to overcome this issue. In particular, operating the 4SBB as a Buck and Boost at the same time (Buck+Boost mode) has proven to be adequate to achieve near-unity conversion ratios.This paper proposes a simple, hardware-efficient digital pulse width modulator for a 4SBB that enables operation in Buck, Boost and Buck+Boost modes, thus allowing near-unity conversion ratios, while achieving smooth transitions between the different modes. The proposed modulator is simulated with Simulink and experimentally demonstrated using a 500W 4SBB converter with 24V input voltage and 12V-36V output voltage range.
A Novel Single Switch Transformerless Quadratic DC/DC Buck-Boost Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mostaan, Ali; A. Gorji, Saman; N. Soltani, Mohsen
2017-01-01
A novel quadratic buck-boost DC/DC converter is presented in this study. The proposed converter utilizes only one active switch and can step-up/down the input voltage, while the existing single switch quadratic buck/boost converters can only work in step-up or step-down mode. First, the proposed ...... converter is analyzed in steady-state. Then, its performance is validated using simulations in MATLAB/SIMULINK software. Finally, an experimental prototype is built for further verification....
Non-Inverting Buck-Boost Converter for Fuel Cell Applications
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Schaltz, Erik; Rasmussen, Peter Omand; Khaligh, Alireza
2008-01-01
Fuel cell DC/DC converters often have to be able to both step-up and step-down the input voltage, and provide a high efficiency in the whole range of output power. Conventional negative output buck-boost and non-inverting buck-boost converters provide both step-up and step-down characteristics....... In this paper the non-inverting buck-boost with either diodes or synchronous rectifiers is investigated for fuel cell applications. Most of previous research does not consider the parasitic in the evaluation of the converters. In this study, detailed analytical expressions of the efficiencies for the system...... composed of fuel cell system and interfacing converter, considering the parasitics, are presented. It is concluded that the implementation with synchronous rectifiers provides the highest efficiency in the whole range of the fuel cell power, and its efficiency characteristic is more suitable for fuel cell...
Study on Nonlinear Phenomena in Buck-Boost Converter with Switched-Inductor Structure
2013-01-01
The switched-inductor structure can be inserted into a traditional Buck-Boost converter to get a high voltage conversion ratio. Nonlinear phenomena may occur in this new converter, which might well lead the system to be unstable. In this paper, a discrete iterated mapping model is established when the new Buck-Boost converter is working at continuous conduction current-controlled mode. On the basis of the discrete model, the bifurcation diagrams and Poincare sections are drawn and then used t...
PWM Technique for Non-Isolated Three-Phase Buck-Boost PFC Converter
Morizane, Toshimitsu; Shimomori, Wataru; Taniguchi, Katsunori; Kimura, Noriyuki; Ogawa, Masanori
The buck-boost power factor corrected (PFC) converter has the wide range of the dc output voltage. A new non-isolated three-phase hard-switching and a soft-switching buck-boost PFC converter are proposed. Removing the three-phase transformer from the converters makes their size more compact and their costs lower. In addition, the new control method based on the PWM technique is proposed in this paper to achieve the high power factor. Complete soft-switching is also achieved under the discontinuous current mode (DCM) operation.
Schoenfeld, A. D.; Yu, Y.
1973-01-01
Versatile standardized pulse modulation nondissipatively regulated control signal processing circuits were applied to three most commonly used dc to dc power converter configurations: (1) the series switching buck-regulator, (2) the pulse modulated parallel inverter, and (3) the buck-boost converter. The unique control concept and the commonality of control functions for all switching regulators have resulted in improved static and dynamic performance and control circuit standardization. New power-circuit technology was also applied to enhance reliability and to achieve optimum weight and efficiency.
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Jaw-Kuen Shiau
2014-08-01
Full Text Available The power converter is one of the essential elements for effective use of renewable power sources. This paper focuses on the development of a circuit simulation model for maximum power point tracking (MPPT evaluation of solar power that involves using different buck-boost power converter topologies; including SEPIC, Zeta, and four-switch type buck-boost DC/DC converters. The circuit simulation model mainly includes three subsystems: a PV model; a buck-boost converter-based MPPT system; and a fuzzy logic MPPT controller. Dynamic analyses of the current-fed buck-boost converter systems are conducted and results are presented in the paper. The maximum power point tracking function is achieved through appropriate control of the power switches of the power converter. A fuzzy logic controller is developed to perform the MPPT function for obtaining maximum power from the PV panel. The MATLAB-based Simulink piecewise linear electric circuit simulation tool is used to verify the complete circuit simulation model.
2013-01-01
This paper analyzes and simulates the Li-ion battery charging process for a solar powered battery management system. The battery is charged using a non-inverting synchronous buck-boost DC/DC power converter. The system operates in buck, buck-boost, or boost mode, according to the supply voltage conditions from the solar panels. Rapid changes in atmospheric conditions or sunlight incident angle cause supply voltage variations. This study develops an electrochemical-based equivalent circuit mod...
A Tapped-Inductor Buck-Boost Converter for a Dielectric ElectroActive Polymer Generator
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dimopoulos, Emmanouil; Munk-Nielsen, Stig
2014-01-01
of commercially-available, high-efficient, high-voltage, low-power semiconductor devices. In this paper, a high-efficient bidirectional tapped-inductor buck-boost converter, addressing high step-up and high step-down voltage conversion ratios, is proposed for energy harvesting applications based on DEAP...
A New Zero Voltage Switching Buck-Boost Type DC-DC Converter
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Majid Delshad
2010-03-01
Full Text Available In this paper, a new zero voltage switching isolated buck-boost DC-DC converter with active clamp circuit is proposed. The active clamp circuit in this converter not only absorbs voltage spikes across the main switch but also provides soft switching conditions for all switches. All switches are PWM controlled which simplifies the control implementation. One of the main advantages of this converter is the that it operating can operate at high power levels while soft switching conditions exist in both buck and boost modes of converter operation. Since this converter can operate over a wide input voltage range, it can be employed in power factor correction. The experimental results obtained from a 150W prototype circuit operating at 100KHz are presented to confirm the integrity of the proposed circuit.
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Dhananjay Choudhary
2014-08-01
Full Text Available The two basic topologies of switch mode DC-DC converters (Buck and Boost are analyzed with a view of their use in PV (photovoltaic systems, as the photovoltaic generator exhibits non-linear characteristics due to the change in environmental condition and load variation. As the efficiency of PV panels is low it becomes mandatory to extract maximum power from the PV panel at a given period of time. Several MPPT algorithms with different types of converters are being proposed for extracting maximum power from the PV panel. It is found that the nature of load plays an important role in the choice of topology. This paper investigates the implementation issues of Incremental Conductance method with Buck and Boost Converters. Mathematical analysis and desirable steady-state operating point of the converters are derived to give satisfactory maximum power point tracking operation.
Analysis, control and design of a non-inverting buck-boost converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Almasi, Omid Naghash; Fereshtehpoor, Vahid; Khooban, Mohammad Hassan
2017-01-01
In this paper, a new modified fuzzy Two-Level Control Scheme (TLCS) is proposed to control a non-inverting buck-boost converter. Each level of fuzzy TLCS consists of a tuned fuzzy PI controller. In addition, a Takagi–Sugeno–Kang (TSK) fuzzy switch proposed to transfer the fuzzy PI controllers...... to each other in the control system. The major difficulty in designing fuzzy TLCS which degrades its performance is emerging unwanted drastic oscillations in the converter output voltage during replacing the controllers. Thereby, the fuzzy PI controllers in each level of TLCS structure are modified...... to eliminate these oscillations and improve the system performance. Some simulations and digital signal processor based experiments are conducted on a non-inverting buck-boost converter to support the effectiveness of the proposed TLCS in controlling the converter output voltage....
2014-01-01
The two basic topologies of switch mode DC-DC converters (Buck and Boost) are analyzed with a view of their use in PV (photovoltaic) systems, as the photovoltaic generator exhibits non-linear characteristics due to the change in environmental condition and load variation. As the efficiency of PV panels is low it becomes mandatory to extract maximum power from the PV panel at a given period of time. Several MPPT algorithms with different types of converters are being proposed f...
Buck-Boost/Forward Hybrid Converter for PV Energy Conversion Applications
2014-01-01
This paper presents a charger and LED lighting (discharger) hybrid system with a PV array as its power source for electronic sign indicator applications. The charger adopts buck-boost converter which is operated in constant current mode to charge lead-acid battery and with the perturb and observe method to extract maximum power of PV arrays. Their control algorithms are implemented by microcontroller. Moreover, forward converter with active clamp circuit is operated in voltage regulation cond...
Cross-Regulation Assessment of DIDO Buck-Boost Converter for Renewable Energy Application
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Deepak Elamalayil Soman
2017-06-01
Full Text Available When medium- or high-voltage power conversion is preferred for renewable energy sources, multilevel power converters have received much of the interest in this area as methods for enhancing the conversion efficiency and cost effectiveness. In such cases, multilevel, multi-input multi-output (MIMO configurations of DC-DC converters come to the scenario for integrating several sources together, especially considering the stringent regulatory needs and the requirement of multistage power conversion systems. Considering the above facts, a three-level dual input dual output (DIDO buck-boost converter, as the simplest form of MIMO converter, is proposed in this paper for DC-link voltage regulation. The capability of this converter for cross regulating the DC-link voltage is analyzed in detail to support a three-level neutral point clamped inverter-based grid connection in the future. The cross-regulation capability is examined under a new type of pulse delay control (PDC strategy and later compared with a three-level boost converter (TLBC. Compared to conventional boost converters, the high-voltage three-level buck boost converter (TLBBC with PDC exhibits a wide controllability range and cross regulation capability. These enhanced features are extremely important for better regulating variable output renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, wave, marine current, etc. The simulation and experimental results are provided to validate the claim.
Fractional order Buck-Boost converter in CCM: modelling, analysis and simulations
Wang, Faqiang; Ma, Xikui
2014-12-01
In this paper, the modelling, analysis and the power electronics simulator (PSIM) simulations of the fractional order Buck-Boost converter operating in continuous conduction mode (CCM) operation are investigated. Based on the three-terminal switch device method, the average circuit model of the fractional order Buck-Boost converter is established, and the corresponding DC equivalent circuit model and AC small signal equivalent circuit model are presented. And then, the equilibrium point and the transfer functions are derived. It is found that the equilibrium point is not influenced by the inductor's or the capacitor's order, but both these orders are included in the derived transfer functions. Finally, the comparisons between the theoretical analysis and the PSIM simulations are given for confirmation.
Non-Inverted Buck-Boost Converters with Dual Delta Sigma Modulators
Kobori, Yasunori; Kono, Masashi; Shimizu, Toshihiko; Kobayashi, Haruo
This paper presents a new control circuit to create high-performance non-inverted Buck-Boost converter with dual ⊿∑ modulations. Experimental load regulation, corresponding to load current steps of ±0.5A, is within 45mVpp, and the efficiency without synchronized rectifier is 83% at input voltage 2.5V and load current 0.8A.
A new approach to improve dynamic characteristics of digitally controlled buck-boost dc-dc converter
2010-01-01
This paper presents a new digital control buck-boost dc-dc converter with bias model to improve dynamic characteristics. The buck-boost converter needs to respond appropriately to changing input voltage and load change with wide input voltage. This approach makes adjustment to the bias value by input voltage and output current. As a result, it is revealed that not only the dynamic characteristics but also static characteristics can be improved and it is effective for wide range input voltage.
A New Approach for High Efficiency Buck-Boost DC/DC Converters Using Series Compensation
Itoh, Jun-Ichi; Fujii, Takashi
This paper proposes a novel concept for non-isolated buck-boost DC/DC converter and control method. The proposed concept uses a series connection converter that only regulates the differential voltage between the input and output voltage. As a result, the power converter capacity is decreased. Moreover, the proposed circuit has advantages such as improved efficiency and losses reduction. The fundamental operation, control method, and design method of the proposed circuit are described in this paper. In addition, the validity of the proposed circuit is confirmed by carrying out simulations and experiments.
Cascaded Buck-Boost AC/AC converter%级联式Buck-Boost AC/AC变换器
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张友军; 丁明昌; 任永保; 王阿敏; 翁振明
2010-01-01
详细分析了Buck型和Boost型AC/AC变换器的工作原理及其控制方法,在此基础上提出了一种新型级联式Buck-Boost AC/AC变换器及其三模式控制策略.三模式控制策略是比较输入电压与基准输出电压的大小,使得变换器只有3种工作模式:Buck模式、Boost模式和滤波模式.该电路虽然由Buck型和Boost型AC/AC变换器2级变换器级联而成,并采用2级占空比调制,但实际上最多只存在一级功率变换,具有控制简单、变换效率高、开关管电压应力低等优点.仿真结果证明了级联式Buck-Boost AC/AC变换器及其控制策略的可行性和理论分析的正确性.
A New Buck-Boost Converter for a Hybrid-Electric Drive Stand
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P. Mašek
2009-01-01
Full Text Available This paper describes work on the laboratory working stand for a hybrid-electric drive located in laboratory T2:H1-26.The basic idea is to operate the combustion engine in its optimal regime. In this regime the engine has the highest efficiency and minimal smoke exhaust. This optimal regime is only a small portion of its operation area. Because the engine has to operate in this area, it is necessary to add a new converter to the hybrid-electric stand. The new converter must be allowed to buck and boost and must operate as a current source in this regime.
Evaluation of Arm Processor-based Bionic Intelligent Controller for a Buck-boost Converte
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M.V. Mini
2015-07-01
Full Text Available This study focuses on performance-comparison of different tuning methods for a PI controller applied to a buck-boost converter. Comparison between the controllers is made by analysis of design methodology implementation issues and empirically measured performance. Design of PI controller is based on frequency response of the converter. The optimization of PI controller is based on ant colony algorithm. Experimental results show that, tuning the PI controller using ACO algorithm gave better performance than the conventional algorithm. This is mainly due to the fact ACO is capable of reducing the overshoot without oscillation.
Lorenzo, J., Jr.; Espiritu, J. C.; Mediavillo, J.; Dy, S. J.; Caldo, R. B.
2017-06-01
This paper aims to develop and implement a Sugeno-style fuzzy inference system using a microcontroller for buck and boost DC-to-DC converter. The buck converter circuit is given an input voltage range of 4-5V and expected to have an output voltage of 1.5V, while the boost converter has an input voltage range of 2-3V and expected to have an output voltage of 15V. A microcontroller will be used for the input values, PWM signal, which is supplied through the MOSFET. The constants in the program in the microcontroller were manipulated to acquire desired accurate output voltages wherein the concept of fuzzy logic was applied. The proponents achieved less than 2.5% tolerance in the buck converter and less than 5% in the boost converter.
Study on Nonlinear Phenomena in Buck-Boost Converter with Switched-Inductor Structure
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hongchen Liu
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The switched-inductor structure can be inserted into a traditional Buck-Boost converter to get a high voltage conversion ratio. Nonlinear phenomena may occur in this new converter, which might well lead the system to be unstable. In this paper, a discrete iterated mapping model is established when the new Buck-Boost converter is working at continuous conduction current-controlled mode. On the basis of the discrete model, the bifurcation diagrams and Poincare sections are drawn and then used to analyze the effects of the circuit parameters on the performances. It can be seen clearly that various kinds of nonlinear phenomena are easy to occur in this new converter, including period-doubling bifurcation, border collision bifurcation, tangent bifurcation, and intermittent chaos. Value range of the circuit parameters that may cause bifurcations and chaos are also discussed. Finally, the time-domain waveforms, phase portraits, and power spectrum are obtained by using Matlab/Simulink, which validates the theoretical analysis results.
一种新型Buck-Boost变换器%A Novel Buck-Boost Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
高飞; 蒋赢; 赵小妹; 潘俊民
2010-01-01
提出了一种新型Buck-Boost变换器,与传统的Buck-Boost变换器相比,该电路利用开关电容网络,能在相同的输入电压和开关管占空比情况下具有更好的降压效果.对该新型Buck-Boost变换器的工作原理进行了分析,并通过仿真和实验验证了该方案的可行性.实验表明,该新型Buck-Boost变换器能够实现较好的降压效果,输出效果良好.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chien-Wei Ma
2013-03-01
Full Text Available This paper analyzes and simulates the Li-ion battery charging process for a solar powered battery management system. The battery is charged using a non-inverting synchronous buck-boost DC/DC power converter. The system operates in buck, buck-boost, or boost mode, according to the supply voltage conditions from the solar panels. Rapid changes in atmospheric conditions or sunlight incident angle cause supply voltage variations. This study develops an electrochemical-based equivalent circuit model for a Li-ion battery. A dynamic model for the battery charging process is then constructed based on the Li-ion battery electrochemical model and the buck-boost power converter dynamic model. The battery charging process forms a system with multiple interconnections. Characteristics, including battery charging system stability margins for each individual operating mode, are analyzed and discussed. Because of supply voltage variation, the system can switch between buck, buck-boost, and boost modes. The system is modeled as a Markov jump system to evaluate the mean square stability of the system. The MATLAB based Simulink piecewise linear electric circuit simulation tool is used to verify the battery charging model.
一种新颖的Buck-Boost变换器%A Novel Buck-Boost Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
方宇; 谢勇; 邢岩
2003-01-01
提出了一种新颖的两开关电路拓扑,它能工作在宽输入交流电压范围,并实现功率因数校正(PFC).新拓扑与单开关Buck-Boost变换器和传统的两开关串级Buck-Boost变换器及其它Buck-Boost变换器相比有显著的性能改善,如:器件应力及损耗较低,不需要解决浪涌电流问题,电感尺寸也较小.分析了拓扑工作原理,并给出了实验结果.
Funabiki, Shigeyuki; Yamamoto, Masayoshi
Renewable energy such as wind force and solar light has collected the attention as alternative energy sources of fossil fuel. An energy storage system with an electric double-layer capacitor (EDLC), which balances the demand and supply power, is required in order to introduce the electric power generating system that utilizes renewable energy. Currently, the research and development of these energy storage systems are actively carried out. In the energy storage system with an EDLC, the DC/DC converter having the function of the bidirectional power flow and the buck/boost performance is essential as an interface and power control circuit. There are two types of the bidirectional buck/boost DC/DC converters. One type consists of two buck/boost DC/DC converters with one reactor. The other type consists of two sets of two-quadrant DC/DC converters with one reactor. This paper discusses the comparison of these types of DC/DC converters with bidirectional power flow and buck/boost performance. The two types of DC/DC converters are estimated for their application to the energy storage system with the EDLC. As the voltage endurance of the device is lower and the mean current is smaller in the latter type of converter despite of having twice the number of devices compared to the former, the latter type of converter has the advantage of a smaller reactor, i.e., core volume and loss, and lower loss in the converter.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mira Albert, Maria del Carmen; Zhang, Zhe; Knott, Arnold
2015-01-01
DC microgrids or nanogrids have attracted increasing research interest in recent years. Therefore, as a critical component, dc-dc converters with multiple inputs are required. In this paper, a dual-input interleaved buck/boost converter is proposed and its corresponding power flow control methods...
High-accuracy current sensing circuit with current compensation technique for buck-boost converter
Rao, Yuan; Deng, Wan-Ling; Huang, Jun-Kai
2015-03-01
A novel on-chip current sensing circuit with current compensation technique suitable for buck-boost converter is presented in this article. The proposed technique can sense the full-range inductor current with high accuracy and high speed. It is mainly based on matched current mirror and does not require a large proportion of aspect ratio between the powerFET and the senseFET, thus it reduces the complexity of circuit design and the layout mismatch issue without decreasing the power efficiency. The circuit is fabricated with TSMC 0.25 µm 2P5M mixed-signal process. Simulation results show that the buck-boost converter can be operated at 200 kHz to 4 MHz switching frequency with an input voltage from 2.8 to 4.7 V. The output voltage is 3.6 V, and the maximum accuracy for both high and low side sensing current reaches 99% within the load current ranging from 200 to 600 mA.
基于模糊PI的buck-boost变换器控制%Fuzzy PI Control for Buck-boost Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王磊
2012-01-01
For the strong nonlinearity of the DC/DC converter, this paper proposes a new fuzzy PI con⁃troller, which combines fuzzy control method with traditional PI dual loop control method. All the details about the fuzzy PI controller are provided, including the key structure, working principle, design process and parame⁃ter tuning method. The overall software and hardware solutions for the controller are designed where TMS320F240 DSP is the control core device. Then as an example, a simulation of buck-boost converter under given parameters is run to verify the close loop behavior of the controller. Simulation results show that the new fuzzy PI controller may greatly enhance the static and dynamic performance of the converter system.% 针对DC/DC变换器的强非线性，提出了一种新的模糊PI控制器，将模糊控制方法与传统线性PI的电压、电流双环控制方法结合形成闭环系统。给出了模糊PI控制器的结构原理、设计过程和参数整定方法，并对给定参数的buck-boost变换器作为实例进行了仿真验证，同时以TMS320F2812DSP为核心控制器件，设计了系统整体实现的软硬件方案。仿真结果表明，新的模糊PI控制器能够较大地提升系统的动、静态性能。
Ahmed, Nabil A.
2011-06-01
This paper presents an advanced power converter employs a sinusoidal voltage absolute value tracking buck-boost DC-DC converter in the first power processing stage and a polarity changing full-bridge inverter in the second stage. The proposed power conversion system has the capability of delivering sinusoidal output and input current with unity power factor and good output voltage regulation. Consequently, the complete voltage regulator system, which is mainly suitable for new energy generation systems as well as energy storage systems, can be constructed compactly and inexpensively without DC link electrolytic capacitor. Also, the paper presents an auxiliary passive resonant circuit for soft switching operation. Simulation results using PSIM software are presented to verify the operation principles and feasibility of the proposed power conversion system.
Current control of 6-phases 100kW interleaved buck/boost converter for railway application
2009-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to present a 6-phases interleaved buck-boost converter of 100kW de-signed for a hybrid locomotive. The IGBT’s are working partially in continuous and discontinuous con-duction mode. Experiments show the effectiveness of the digital current control, current sharing and discontinuous-continuous transition with only one current sensor
Closed-loop analysis and control of a non-inverting buck-boost converter
Chen, Zengshi; Hu, Jiangang; Gao, Wenzhong
2010-11-01
In this article, a cascade controller is designed and analysed for a non-inverting buck-boost converter. The fast inner current loop uses sliding mode control. The slow outer voltage loop uses the proportional-integral (PI) control. Stability analysis and selection of PI gains are based on the nonlinear closed-loop error dynamics incorporating both the inner and outer loop controllers. The closed-loop system is proven to have a nonminimum phase structure. The voltage transient due to step changes of input voltage or resistance is predictable. The operating range of the reference voltage is discussed. The controller is validated by a simulation circuit. The simulation results show that the reference output voltage is well-tracked under system uncertainties or disturbances, confirming the validity of the proposed controller.
Buck-Boost/Forward Hybrid Converter for PV Energy Conversion Applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sheng-Yu Tseng
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a charger and LED lighting (discharger hybrid system with a PV array as its power source for electronic sign indicator applications. The charger adopts buck-boost converter which is operated in constant current mode to charge lead-acid battery and with the perturb and observe method to extract maximum power of PV arrays. Their control algorithms are implemented by microcontroller. Moreover, forward converter with active clamp circuit is operated in voltage regulation condition to drive LED for electronic sign applications. To simplify the circuit structure of the proposed hybrid converter, switches of two converters are integrated with the switch integration technique. With this approach, the proposed hybrid converter has several merits, which are less component counts, lighter weight, smaller size, and higher conversion efficiency. Finally, a prototype of LED driving system under output voltage of 10 V and output power of 20 W has been implemented to verify its feasibility. It is suitable for the electronic sign indicator applications.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Latha. S. C
2014-11-01
Full Text Available The portable devices development of semiconductor manufacturing technology, conversion efficiency, power consumption, and the size of devices have become the most important design criteria of switching power converters. For portable applications better conveniences extension of battery life and improves the conversion efficiency of power converters .It is essential to develop accurate switching power converters, which can reduce more wasted power energy. The proposed topology can achieve faster transient responses when the supply voltages are changed for the converter by making use of the feed forward network .With mode select circuit the conduction & switching losses are reduced the positive buck–boost converter operate in buck, buck–boost, or boost converter. By adding feed-forward techniques, the proposed converter can improve transient response when the supply voltages are changed. The designing, modeling & experimental results were verified in MATLAB/ Simulink. The fuzzy logic controller is used as controller.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yang Ning-Ning; Liu Chong-Xin; Wu Chao-Jun
2012-01-01
In this paper,the fractional-order mathematical model and the fractional-order state-space averaging model of the Buck-Boost converter in continuous conduction mode (CCM) are established based on the fractional calculus and the Adomian decomposition method.Some dynamical properties of the current-mode controlled fractional-order BuckBoost converter are analysed.The simulation is accomplished by using SIMULINK.Numerical simulations are presented to verify the analytical results and we find that bifurcation points will be moved backward as α and β vary.At the same time,the simulation results show that the converter goes through different routes to chaos.
Demirbaş, Şevki; Fidanboy, Hikmet; Kurt, Erol
2016-08-01
In this paper, detailed analyses of the chaotic behavior observed in a buck-boost converter are presented. Although this basic converter system is already known world-wide for the purpose of dc-dc conversion of the output of renewable energy systems, it indicates certain chaotic regimes where both the output amplitude and frequency change randomly. This chaotic regime can yield an unstable output over the resistive or resistive/inductive electrical loads. This study presents a detailed map for the regular and chaotic regions in terms of material parameters, such as converter capacitance C, resistive load R, and inductive load L. Thus, the stable area of operation for efficient and renewable electricity production will be ascertained for the studied converter system. We emphasize that the material parameters C, R, and L play important roles in generating energy from the solar cell; indeed, the stability increases with higher values of the converter capacitor and load inductance, whereas it decreases according to the resistive load. A number of periodic windows have been observed and the output frequency gives a broad-band spectrum of up to 50 kHz.
Bao, Bo-Cheng; Xu, Jian-Ping; Liu, Zhong
2009-11-01
By establishing the discrete iterative mapping model of a current mode controlled buck-boost converter, this paper studies the mechanism of mode shift and stability control of the buck-boost converter operating in discontinuous conduction mode with a ramp compensation current. With the bifurcation diagram, Lyapunov exponent spectrum, time-domain waveform and parameter space map, the performance of the buck-boost converter circuit utilizing a compensating ramp current has been analysed. The obtained results indicate that the system trajectory is weakly chaotic and strongly intermittent under discontinuous conduction mode. By using ramp compensation, the buck-boost converter can shift from discontinuous conduction mode to continuous conduction mode, and effectively operates in the stable period-one region.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Bao Bo-Cheng; Xu Jian-Ping; Liu Zhong
2009-01-01
By establishing the discrete iterative mapping model of a current mode controlled buck-boost converter, this paper studies the mechanism of mode shift and stability control of the buck-boost converter operating in discontinuous conduction mode with a ramp compensation current. With the bifurcation diagram, Lyapunov exponent spectrum, timedomain waveform and parameter space map, the performance of the buck-boost converter circuit utilizing a compensating ramp current has been analysed. The obtained results indicate that the system trajectory is weakly chaotic and strongly intermittent under discontinuous conduction mode. By using ramp compensation, the buck-boost converter can shift from discontinuous conduction mode to continuous conduction mode, and effectively operates in the stable period-one region.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
殷立; 王顺强
2012-01-01
The inner intrinsic safety of BUCK-BOOST convert is analyzed by minimum ignition curve. The worst-case energy of BUCK-BOOST is calculated. Comparing with the minimum ignition curve, the intrinsic safety of BUCK-BOOST convert is implemented. Through calculation, the maximum load capacitor and inductance are obtained.%从最小点燃曲线角度分析BUCK-BOOST变换器内部本质安全性能,推算出BUCK-BOOST最恶劣情况下的能量,与火花点燃曲线相比较,得到本安输出的BUCK-BOOST变换器,并通过计算得出最大负载电容及负载电感。
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ningning Yang
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In recent days, fractional calculus (FC has been accepted as a novel modeling tool that can extend the descriptive power of the traditional calculus. Fractional-order descriptiveness can increase the flexibility and degrees of freedom of the model by means of fractional parameters. Based on the fact that real capacitors and inductors are “intrinsic” fractional order, fractional calculus is introduced into the modeling process to establish a fractional-order state-space averaging model of the Buck-Boost converter in pseudo-continuous conduction mode (PCCM. Orders of the model are considered as extra parameters, and these parameters have significant influences on the performance of the model. The inductor current, the inductor current ripple, the amplitude of the output voltage, and the transfer functions of the fractional-order model are all related to orders. The contrast simulation experiments are conducted to investigate the performance of integer-order and fractional-order Buck-Boost converters in PCCM. Results of numerical and circuit simulations demonstrate that the proposed theoretical analysis is effective; the fractional-order model of the Buck-Boost converter in PCCM has certain theoretical and practical significance for modeling and performance analysis of other electrical or electronic equipment.
Modeling and design of DCM Buck-Boost converter%DCM Buck-Boost变换器的建模与控制设计
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
方露; 党幼云; 康朋飞
2015-01-01
DC converter has the characteristics of nonlinear and multi modal .The model building of Buck-Boost converter is the key to design its closed-loop control system. The reliable output voltage and perfect dynamic characteristic of the Buck-Boost converter was greatly influenced by it. The AC small signal model is build on the basis of Buck-Boost converter's average switch model. Then get the transfer function of system. The voltage loop was also designed based on it. The design details for voltage loop were given and zero-pole compensation method from classic control theory was applied to the field of power electronics. The design of closed-loop control system and the model were verified through the analysis of the result of simulation in MATLAB software.%直流变换器一般具有非线性、多模态等特点。 Buck-Boost变换器的建模是其闭环控制设计的关键，对于Buck-Boost变换器输出可靠的电压和良好的动态响应特性具有非常重要的影响。本文是在Buck-Boost变换器断续模式的平均开关模型基础上建立其小信号交流模型，并推导出系统传递函数。在此基础上设计了电压闭环控制系统，进行了电压闭环参数设计的研究，实现了控制理论中零极点补偿法在电力电子中的应用。利用MATLAB软件进行仿真分析，验证了模型和闭环控制设计的正确性。
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Benlafkih Abdessamad
2013-01-01
Full Text Available this paper presents comparative performance between Analog and digital controller on DC/DC buck-boost converter four switch. The design of power electronic converter circuit with the use of closed loop scheme needs modeling and then simulating the converter using the modeled equations. This can easily be done with the help of state equations and MATLAB/SIMULINK as a tool for simulation of those state equations. DC/DC Buckboost converter in this study is operated in buck (step-down and boost (step-up modes.
Li, Peng; Zhang, Chongxiao; Kim, Junyoung; Yu, Liangyao; Zuo, Lei
2014-04-01
Regenerative semi-active suspensions can capture the previously dissipated vibration energy and convert it to usable electrical energy for powering on-board electronic devices, while achieve both the better ride comfort and improved road handling performance at the same time when certain control is applied. To achieve this objective, the power electronics interface circuit connecting the energy harvester and the electrical loads, which can perform simultaneous vibration control and energy harvesting function is in need. This paper utilized a buck-boost converter for simultaneous semi-active vibration control and energy harvesting with electromagnetic regenerative shock absorber, which utilizes a rotational generator to converter the vibration energy to electricity. It has been found that when the circuit works in discontinuous current mode (DCM), the ratio between the input voltage and current is only related to the duty cycle of the switch pulse width modulation signal. Using this property, the buck-boost converter can be used to perform semi-active vibration control by controlling the load connected between the terminals of the generator in the electromagnetic shock absorber. While performing the vibration control, the circuit always draw current from the shock absorber and the suspension remain dissipative, and the shock absorber takes no additional energy to perform the vibration control. The working principle and dynamics of the circuit has been analyzed and simulations were performed to validate the concept.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Muhammad Taufiq Ramadhan
2015-03-01
Full Text Available Penggunaan mobil listrik secara umum terkendala pada beban, kecepatan aktual, serta efisiensi energi. Pemanfaatan Fuzzy Logic Controller untuk pengaturan kecepatan motor DC pada mobil listrik diperlukan untuk meraih kecepatan aktual yang lebih presisi sehingga diperoleh efisiensi energi. Selain itu perlu juga menggunakan Bidirectional Buck-Boost Cascade Converter untuk pengaturan motor DC secara bidirectional, yakni pengaturan saat motoring dan saat pengereman regeneratif (regenerative braking. Hal ini berdasar pada energi yang terbuang percuma, baik itu rugi elektris maupun rugi mekanis saat pengereman.
A tapped-inductor buck-boost converter for a multi-DEAP generator energy harvesting system
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dimopoulos, Emmanouil; Munk-Nielsen, Stig
2014-01-01
the effective operational range of the power electronic converter. In this paper, a bidirectional tapped-inductor buck-boost converter is proposed, addressing high-efficient high step-up and high step-down voltage conversion ratios, for energy harvesting applications based on DEAP generators. The effective...... operational range of the converter is extended, by replacing its high-side switch with a string of three serialized MOSFETs, to accommodate the need for high-efficient high-voltage operation. Experiments conducted on a single DEAP generator - part of a quadruple DEAP generator energy harvesting system...... with all elements installed sequentially in the same circular disk with a 90 phase shift - validate the applicability of the proposed converter, demonstrating energy harvesting of 0.26 J, at 0.5 Hz and 60 % delta-strain; characterized by an energy density of 1.25 J per kg of active material....
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
SRDIC, S.
2015-08-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a buck-boost converter which is modified to utilize new 600 V gallium nitride (GaN power semiconductor devices in an application requiring 1200 V devices. The presented buck-boost converter is used as a part of a dc/dc stage in an all-GaN photovoltaic (PV inverter and it provides a negative voltage for the 3-level neutral-point-clamped (NPC PWM inverter which is connected to the utility grid. Since in this application the transistor and the diode of the buck-boost converter need to block the sum of the PV string voltage (which is normally in the range from 150 to 350 V and the dc bus voltage (which is in the order of 400 V, the 1200 V devices or series connection of 600 V devices need to be employed. Currently, 1200 V GaN power semiconductor devices are not commercially available. Therefore, the standard buck-boost converter is modified to enable the use of 600 V GaN devices in this particular application. Based on the proposed converter topology, a PSpice simulation model and a 600 W converter prototype were developed. Both simulation and experimental results show successful operation of the converter.
2015-01-01
This paper presents a buck-boost converter which is modified to utilize new 600 V gallium nitride (GaN) power semiconductor devices in an application requiring 1200 V devices. The presented buck-boost converter is used as a part of a dc/dc stage in an all-GaN photovoltaic (PV) inverter and it provides a negative voltage for the 3-level neutral-point-clamped (NPC) PWM inverter which is connected to the utility grid. Since in this application the transistor and the diode of ...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
修瑞仙; 张士宇
2015-01-01
This paper introduced the working state of single switch quadratic Buck-Boost converter in continuous-discontinuous conduction mode, researched the photovoltaic cells model and maximum power tracking theory,through the simulation analysis,obtained the quadratic CDCM Buck-Boost converter applied to photovoltaic power generation system could realize the maximum power point tracking and wide range maximum power tracking,and was not affected by load change.%介绍了单开关二次型Buck-Boost变换器在连续—断续导电模式下的工作状态，研究了光伏电池模型及最大功率跟踪原理，通过仿真分析，得出将二次型CDCM Buck-Boost变换器应用到光伏发电系统中可实现最大功率点跟踪与宽范围的最大功率跟踪，并且不受负载变化影响。
Design of isolated Buck-Boost DC/DC converter%Buck-Boost隔离直流转换器设计
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王雪丹; 李文鹤
2012-01-01
在Buck-Boost隔离直流转换器宽范围输入电压的条件下,分析了典型的全桥Boost转换器拓扑结构,由于存在的谐振电感包括漏电感,全桥Boost转换器只能采用双边沿调制.该转换器采用UC3895作为控制器,对全桥单元采用移相转换控制的方式,为了提高全桥Boost转换器系统的可靠性和效率,采用三模式两频率控制方式,在输入宽范围电压的情况下,最高500 V输入,360 V输出.在此采用Matlab软件进行仿真,实验结果表明输入电压平均效率范围是96.2％,最高效率能达到97.5％.%The topology structure of a typical FB Boost converter was analyzed under the condition of wide range input voltage of isolated Buck-Boost DC/DC converter. The FB Boost converter can only adopt two-edge-modulation (TEM) due to the resonant induction including the leakage induction. The converter takes UC3895 available in market as the controller to control the FB-cell with phase-shifted. In order to improve the reliability and efficiency of the FB-Boost converter, a three-mode dual-frequency control mode was used. The maximum input voltage is 500 V and the output'is 360 V in the case of the wide range input voltage. The Matlab software was adopted for simulation. The result shows the the average efficiency range of the input-voltage is 96. 2% and the highest efficiency can reach to 97. 3%.
The Simulation Research of Buck-Boost Converter%Buck-Boost变化器的仿真分析
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李雪莉
2010-01-01
PSpice是一款功能强大的电路仿真软件,仿真结果十分接近电路的真实状态.应用PSpice对Buck-Boost变换器的全部工作过程进行了仿真与分析,Buck-Boost电路的工作过程包括电路启动时的瞬态工作过程和稳态工作过程.对电路中储能元件的各种工作状态进行了分析,给出了大量直观的仿真波形,从而更进一步了解了Buck-Boost变换器.
BUCK-BOOST DC/DC变换器RHP零点研究%Right Half Plane Zero Spot Research of BUCK-BOOST DC/DC Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
周习祥
2010-01-01
对于BUCK-BOOST DC/DC变换器,如何获得较大的稳定裕度和良好的高频瞬态性能一直以来都是令研究人员棘手的问题.要使这种变换器稳定工作,往往需要在一个很低的频率下就滑离控制电路的增益,文章基于变换器的占空比控制方式与电流控制公式分析了右半平面零点的动态特性,为提高电源系统的稳定性提供了理论依据.
级联Buck-Boost PFC变换器建模及仿真%Modeling and Simulation of Cascaded Buck-Boost AC-DC Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郭学军; 刘以建
2016-01-01
文中采用状态空间平均法对级联Buck-Boost AC-DC变换器进行了小信号建模分析,提出了一种基于瞬时功率守恒的新的平均电流控制(ACC)技术.通过这种新的控制技术能够使得输入电流波形接近正弦波且与输入电压同相位,总的谐波扰动小于3％.最后通过PSIM仿真实验,验证了这种新的控制方法的可行性和优越性.
π型Buck-Boost交流变换器%π Type Buck-Boost AC/AC Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张友军; 翁振明; 王阿敏; 项家希
2012-01-01
提出一种对称结构π型Buck-Boost交流变换器及其变结构控制策略.该变换器由Buck交流单元和Boost交流单元组成,与级联式两级电路相比,省去前级LC输出滤波器,简化了电路结构.根据前、后单元的工作与否,π型交流变换器存在4种工作模式:Buck模式、Boost模式、直通模式和Buck -Boost模式.通过等效改变电路结构,变结构控制策略使得π型Buck-Boost交流变换器只有3种工作模式:Buck模式、Boost模式和直通模式.π型Buck -Boost交流变换器虽然具有两个独立的控制对象、采用两级占空比调制,但实际上最多只有一级功率变换,且存在直接功率传递通路,适用于稳压或调压应用场合.
零纹波输入电流Buck-Boost变换器%Zero Rippled Input Current Buck-Boost Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陆治国; 林贤贞; 胡红琼; 邓文东
2008-01-01
针对传统Buck-Boost输入输出电流断续的缺点,提出一种基于独立电感零纹波输入电流和输出电流连续的Buck-Boost变换器,详细分析了变换器的稳态工作原理.采用状态空间平均法,建立了变换器动态小信号模型,给出了小信号特征Matlab仿真波形.并对其进行交错并联优化,最后Saber电路仿真证明了理论分析的正确性.
Li, Qing; Zhang, Xiao-ping; Chen, Qi
2011-12-01
The dynamic performance of a novel Buck-Boost matrix converter (BBMC) based on double-loop control strategy is put forward in this paper. The fundamental principle of BBMC has been elaborated and the method of the double-loop control strategy has been built with Matlab, and then the dynamic performances of BBMC based on the double-loop control strategy are discussed. The results show that the output voltage and frequency can be almost constant with the BBMC and double-loop control strategy despite of the changeable input voltage and frequency. Moreover, a high-quality sine output wave with low harmonic distortion can be directly obtained without filtering. So it can be drawn that the BBMC based on the double-loop control strategy has perfectly dynamic performance and practical importance to the engineering.
A tapped-inductor buck-boost converter for a multi-DEAP generator energy harvesting system
Dimopoulos, Emmanouil; Munk-Nielsen, Stig
2014-03-01
Interest on Dielectric ElectroActive Polymer (DEAP) generators has aroused among scientists in recent years, due to the former ones' documented advantages against competing electromagnetic and field-activated technologies. Yet, the need for bidirectional energy flow under high step-up and high step-down voltage conversion ratios, accompanied by low-average but relatively high-peak currents, imposes great challenges on the design of the employed power electronic converter. On top of that, the shortage of commercially-available, high-efficient, high-voltage, low-power semiconductor devices limits the effective operational range of the power electronic converter. In this paper, a bidirectional tapped-inductor buck-boost converter is proposed, addressing high- efficient high step-up and high step-down voltage conversion ratios, for energy harvesting applications based on DEAP generators. The effective operational range of the converter is extended, by replacing its high-side switch with a string of three serialized MOSFETs, to accommodate the need for high-efficient high-voltage operation. Experiments conducted on a single DEAP generator - part of a quadruple DEAP generator energy harvesting system with all elements installed sequentially in the same circular disk with a 90° phase shift - validate the applicability of the proposed converter, demonstrating energy harvesting of 0.26 J, at 0.5 Hz and 60% delta- strain; characterized by an energy density of 1.25 J per kg of active material.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐坤; 杨宇; 吴春华; 许富强
2011-01-01
针对功率变换器现有调制方法的不足,提出了一种用于非反相Buck-Boost功率变换器的调制方法,结合脉冲宽度调制和脉冲频率调制,使该功率变换器平滑地在Buck、Buck-Boost、Boost三种模式之间切换,从而在输入电压低于、高于或近似等于输出电压给定值的情况下,使输出电压稳定在给定电压.试验结果验证了该算法的可行性和有效性.%Aiming at the drawbacks of modulation method for power converter, a modulation method which combines pulse width modulation (PWM) with pulse frequency modulation (PFM) for the non-inverting buck-boost converter is proposed in the paper.The power converter can switch smoothly among buck working mode, buck boost working mode and boost working mode in order to regulate the output voltage to the desired output voltage regardless of that the input voltage is less than, greater than or equal to the desired output voltage.The experimental results verify the feasibility and efficiency of the proposed algorithm.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张斐; 许建平; 杨平; 陈章勇
2012-01-01
A novel two-switch Buck-Boost power factor correction （PFC） converter operating in pseudo continuous conduction mode （PCCM） and its corresponding control strategy were proposed in this paper. The two-switch PCCM Buck-Boost PFC topology provides an additional degree of control freedom to realize PFC control, which can offer significant performance improvements over single-switch Buck-Boost PFC converters or two-switch Buck-Boost PFC converters in continuous conduction mode （CCM） and discontinuous conduction mode （DCM）. The additional degree of control freedom introduced by inductor current freewheeling stage helps to achieve unity power factor control. Besides, inductor current ripple of the two-switch PCCM Buck-Boost PFC converter, which is lower than that of the two-switch DCM Buck-Boost PFC converter, can be obtained. Analysis, simulation and experiment results of the two-switch PCCM Buck-Boost PFC converter were presented. The experiment results show that the dynamic response of the two-switch PCCM Buck-Boost PFC converter is significantly faster than that of the two-switch CCM and DCM Buck-Boost PFC converter.%提出两开关伪连续导电模式（pseudocontinuousconductionmode，PCCM）Buck-Boost功率因数校jE（powerfactorcorrection，PFC）变换器及其控制策略。利用两开关PCCMBuck．BoostPFC变换器电感惯性模态所提供的一个额外控制自由度，可实现单位功率因数控制，并明显改善传统单开关Buck-BoostPFC变换器、两开关连续导电模式（continuousconductionmode，CCM）Buck．BoostPFC变换器和两开关不连续导电模式（discontinuousconductionmode，DCM）Buck-BoostPFC变换器的性能。与两开关DCMBuck．BoostPFC变换器相比，两开关PCCMBuck．BoostPFC变换器减小了电感电流纹波。仿真与实验结果表明，两开关PCCMBuck-BoostPFC变换器的负载动态响应速度明显快于传统的两开关CCM和DCMBuck-BoostPFC变换器。
Almasi, Omid Naghash; Fereshtehpoor, Vahid; Khooban, Mohammad Hassan; Blaabjerg, Frede
2017-03-01
In this paper, a new modified fuzzy Two-Level Control Scheme (TLCS) is proposed to control a non-inverting buck-boost converter. Each level of fuzzy TLCS consists of a tuned fuzzy PI controller. In addition, a Takagi-Sugeno-Kang (TSK) fuzzy switch proposed to transfer the fuzzy PI controllers to each other in the control system. The major difficulty in designing fuzzy TLCS which degrades its performance is emerging unwanted drastic oscillations in the converter output voltage during replacing the controllers. Thereby, the fuzzy PI controllers in each level of TLCS structure are modified to eliminate these oscillations and improve the system performance. Some simulations and digital signal processor based experiments are conducted on a non-inverting buck-boost converter to support the effectiveness of the proposed TLCS in controlling the converter output voltage.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵犇; 马瑞卿
2015-01-01
An additional DC?DC converter is needed for traditional boost power factor correction ( PFC) converter to obtain low output voltage. When using buck type topology, the distortion of input current is large because no pow?er is transferred to output when gird voltage is lower than output voltage. Thus, the buck?boost type topology be?comes priority in the low output voltage application. Compared with the classic cascaded buck?boost PFC converter, the proposed single stage bridgeless buck?boost topology has lower semiconductors counts, and lower devices counts in the conduction loop which means less conduction losses. The tapped inductor is employed to achieve more attenu?ation. Thus, the proposed topology suits the low output voltage application very well. The One Cycle Control ( OCC) is adopted to achieve good dynamic performance and the elimination of multiplier can simplify the control circuit and reduce the cost. The simulated results and their analysis show preliminarily that:(1) the proposed topology is feasible and has the merits of simple structure and less conduction losses; ( 2 ) the power factor correction using OCC is reliable and has the advantages of low current distortion and high power factor.%传统的boost型功率因数校正变换器需要额外1级DC?DC变换器才能实现低电压输出,而buck型拓扑由于在电网电压低于输出电压时没有输入电流而导致电流畸变很大,因此buck?boost型拓扑就成为在低电压输出场合实现单级式功率因数校正的优先选择. 相较于经典的级联式buck?boost功率因数校正变换器,文中所提出的单级式无桥buck?boost拓扑所需的半导体器件数量更少,且导通回路中的功率器件个数也大大减小,从而可以降低导通损耗;加上引入了耦合电感提高了电压衰减率,因此特别适合低电压输出场合;采用了单周期控制作为功率因数校正的控制方法,具有更好的动态性能,而且电路实现中无需乘法
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lee, H. [Kyungnam University (Korea, Republic of)
1996-10-27
A soft switching method with small switching loss was proposed for the purpose of increasing the efficiency of a DC-DC boost converter which converted a DC current generated by solar cells to a variable DC current. Existing current converters are supplemented by using a snubber circuit around the switch so as to protect the switch by a hard switching action. However, with an increase of the output current, snubber loss is increased, reducing the efficiency. In order to solve this problem, the partial resonant switch method was applied to the converter; with this method of partially forming a resonant circuit only at the time of turning on/off of the switch, the switching loss was reduced through the soft switching, thereby making the proposed converter operate with high efficiency. Moreover, the resonant element of the partial resonant circuit using a snubber condenser, the energy accumulated in the condenser was regenerated on the power supply side without loss of snubber. With the regenerated energy, the proposed converter was provided with a smaller ratio of switching to use than the conventional converter. 4 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.
Uno, Masatoshi; Tanaka, Koji
Series connections of energy-storage modules such as electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) and lithium-ion batteries result in voltage imbalance because of the nonuniform properties of individual modules. Conventional voltage equalizers based on traditional dc-dc converters require numerous switches and/or transformers, and therefore, their costs and complexity tend to increase. This paper proposes a novel single-switch equalization charger using multiple stacked buck-boost converters. The single-switch operation not only reduces the circuit complexity but also contributes to increasing the reliability. The fundamental operating principles and design procedures of key components are presented in detail. An experimental charge test using a 25W prototype of the proposed equalization charger was performed for four series-connected EDLC modules whose initial voltages were intentionally imbalanced. Experimental results demonstrated that the proposed equalization charger could charge the series-connected modules preferentially in the order of increasing module voltage and that all the modules could be charged up to a uniform voltage level.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王学梅; 易根云; 丘东元; 张波
2012-01-01
针对现有＂电力电子技术＂教材中普遍存在的对Buck-Boost变换器的分析不完整等问题,本文基于伏秒平衡原理对Buck-Boost变换器进行了全面分析,推导出变换器全范围的输入输出电压关系,电流连续模式（CCM）和断续模式（DCM）的临界工作条件以及电路各参数对电流纹波和电压纹波的影响等。本文一方面有助于更全面深入地理解Buck-Boost变换器的工作原理及特性,另一方面有助于DC-DC变换器分析方法的统一,具有一定的教学指导意义。%There are some incomplete analyses of buck-boost converters in current materials of power electronics. Based on the principle of volt-second balance, this paper analyzes the buck-boost converter comprehensively. Next, the ratio of input and output voltage in full range is derived, and the critical working conditions in continuous conduction mode and discontinuous conduction mode are analyzed. Last, the effects of circuit parameters on current and voltage rip- ple are illustrated. On the one hand, this paper can help to understand thoroughly the operating principle of buck-boost converter, and on the other hand, it also can help to analyses DC-DC converters uniformly, which has certain signifi- cance in the teachings of power electronics.
Buck-Buck- Boost Regulatr (B3R)
Mourra, Olivier; Fernandez, Arturo; Landstroem, Sven; Tonicello, Ferdinando
2011-10-01
In a satellite, the main function of a Power Conditioning Unit (PCU) is to manage the energy coming from several power sources (usually solar arrays and battery) and to deliver it continuously to the users in an appropriate form during the overall mission. The objective of this paper is to present an electronic switching DC-DC converter called Buck-Buck-Boost Regulator (B3R) that could be used as a modular and recurrent solution in a PCU for regulated or un- regulated 28Vsatellite power bus classes. The power conversion stages of the B3R topology are first described. Then theoretical equations and practical tests illustrate how the converter operates in term of power conversion, control loops performances and efficiency. The paper finally provides some examples of single point failure tolerant implementation using the B3R.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孙孝峰; 仇江峰; 栗晓华; 骆志伟
2016-01-01
研究一种集成Buck-Boost LLC(integrated Buck-Boost LLC，IBBLLC)变换器。该变换器适用于宽输入电压范围场合的应用，通过开关管的共用变换器减少了开关管数量。通过采用PWM+Phase-Shift控制，使得原边各个开关管在全输入电压和全负载范围内均能够实现零电压开通(zero voltage switching，ZVS)。文中首先介绍变换器的拓扑结构及直流增益。其次详细分析变换器的工作模式及前级电感Lb对变换器性能的影响，为变换器参数的选取提供了理论依据。此外，研究变换器的ZVS特性，给出变换器能够实现 ZVS 的工作区域。最后搭建一台200~450 V 输入、14 V/80 A 输出的实验样机，实验结果验证了理论分析的正确性及方案的可行性。%An integrated Buck-Boost LLC (IBBLLC) converter which is a good candidate for wide input voltage applications was researched. By sharing the switches, the amount of the switches is reduced. In order to make all primary switches realize ZVS under whole input voltage range and load conditions, PWM+Phase-Shift control strategy is employed in this converter. Firstly, the topology and DC gain of the converter was introduced. Then the operations modes and the influence of inductor was introduced which can provide theoretical foundation for the parameters selection. Besides, the ZVS conditions were analyzed and the ZVS operation area of the converter was given. Finally, a prototype with 200~450V input voltage, 14V output voltage and 80A output current was established to verify the correctness of the theoretical analysis and the feasibility of the control strategy.
升降式交流斩波器%Buck-Boost AC/AC Direct Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孙刚; 洪峰
2009-01-01
介绍了一种新颖的Buck-Boost型交流斩波器.该交流斩波器将Buck-Boost型DC/DC变换器的开关管双向化,可实现单级降压或升压的AC/AC直接变换和能量双向流动.该变换器使用较少的功率器件实现了单级功率变换和能量双向流动,有利于提高变换器的功率密度和变换效率.详细研究了其工作模态和原理.分析了该变换器的两种PWM调制策略,并指出采用第2种调制策略可降低开关损耗.采用滞环电流控制的Buck/Boost型交流斩波器可对输入电压畸变进行有效抑制,保持了输出电压波形的高度正弦化.仿真和实验验证了分析的正确性.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘悦新; 王磊
2016-01-01
非隔离型交错并联双向Buck/Boost变换器普遍存在轻载效率低的难题。以多相交错并联Buck/Boost变换器Boost模式为研究对象，分别对其工作在DCM和CCM模式下的功率损耗进行综合性分析研究。根据变换器轻载运行时降低频率可以提高效率的原则，提出最优化调频原则，对其不同负载下开关频率进行调整，以达到提高效率的目的。针对降低频率会带来纹波恶化的缺陷，将磁集成技术应用到交错并联双向Buck/Boost变换器，有效改善通道电感电流纹波及输出电压纹波，并给出磁集成后滤波电容优化设计原则，以最大程度减小损耗，提高轻载效率。最后通过仿真和实验验证了理论分析的正确性，为交错并联双向Buck/Boost 变换器轻载效率优化提供了新的理论依据，推动了全负载高效率双向Buck/Boost变换器的设计实现。%The non-isolated interleaving bi-directional Buck-Boost converter is faced with a widespread problem of low underloading efficiency. The Boost model of the multi-phase interleaving Buck/Boost converter is adopted as the research object in this paper, and a comprehensive analysis of power loss is conducted under the DCM and CCM model. According to the principle that efficiency can be increased through reduced frequency during underloading operation of the transformer, and the principle of optimized frequency modulation is put forward to adjust the switching frequency under different loads so as to realize the goal of increasing efficiency. Concerning the defect of worsening ripples caused by reduced frequency, the magnetic integration technique is applied to the interleaving bi-directional Buck/Boost converter to efficiently improve the channel’s inductive current ripples and the output voltage ripples. Besides, the filter capacitor optimized design principle after magnetic integration is given at an attempt to minimize loss and increase underloading
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孙向东; 张琦; 吴迎丰; 钟彦儒; 任碧莹
2011-01-01
为适用于光伏发电系统宽范围的光伏阵列输出电压情况,将传统的Buck变换器与Boost变换器相结合,采用变换器合成的方式,研究了一种双开关Buck和Boost组合变换器.针对传统的Buck-Boost变换器控制比较复杂的缺点,根据该变换器的输入输出条件提出了三种工作模式,即Boost模式,Buck模式和临界模式.分析了该变换器的工作原理及其控制策略.与传统的Buck-Boost变换器相比较其具有正极性的输出电压和更宽的输入电压范围.仿真与实验结果表明该电路性能优良.%In order to meet the needs of PV array output voltage in the wider range of PV generation system, the conventional Buck converter is combined with Boost converter in this paper. The combination means of converter is adopted to study a double-switch cascaded Buck and Boost. With an aim at the complicated disadvantages of the conventional Buck-Boost converter control and based on the input and output voltage conditions of the converter, three types of operation modes are suggested: i.e. Boost-voltage mode,Buck-voltage mode and critical operation mode. The operation principle of the converter and its control strategy are analyzed. Compared with the conventional Buck-Boost converter, its output voltage is positive and the input voltage ranges are wider. The simulation and experiment results prove that the cascaded Buck and Boost converter has good performance.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吴捷; 刘明建; 杨苹
2002-01-01
This paper studies the bifurcation and chaos in current-mode controlled Buck-Boost converter. The discrete model for Buck-Boost converter in continuous conduction mode (CCM) is derived. The bifurcation and chaos phenomena of Buck-Boost converter have been investigated with input voltage E, reference current Iref, resistor R, inductor L and capacitor C as bifurcation parameters.%研究了电流控制型Buck-Boost变换器中的分叉与混沌问题.首先,对连续模式下的Buck-Boost变换器建立了离散数学模型,在此基础上,在输入电压E、参考电流Iref、电阻R、电感L和电容C等分叉参数作用下,通过数值方法对Buck-Boost变换器中的分叉与混沌进行了详细的仿真研究.仿真研究结果表明:Buck-Boost变换器具有丰富的非线性行为--分叉与混沌,随着各个分叉参数的变化系统会遵循倍周期分叉的规律走向混沌.
BLDCM Control System Based on Buck-Boost Converter%基于Buck-Boost变换器驱动的无刷直流电动机控制系统
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孟武胜; 王波; 何博
2011-01-01
An improved topology of brushless DC motor drive with a Buck-Boost converter before 3 phase inverter,The motor can be controlled by technique-multi-loop. This method can reduce switching losses,the inverter size and cost. Effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed control method was verified by MATLAB/Simulink.%提出在无刷直流电动机的驱动三相逆变桥的输入端加前级降压-升压(Buck-Boost)变换器,采用转速和直流母线电流的多环反馈控制方法实现电机的控制.该方法减少了开关损耗,逆变器尺寸和成本.通过MAT-LAB/Simulink仿真验证了该方法的有效性和可行性.
Solid state light source driver establishing buck or boost operation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Palmer, Fred
2017-08-29
A solid state light source driver circuit that operates in either a buck convertor or a boost convertor configuration is provided. The driver circuit includes a controller, a boost switch circuit and a buck switch circuit, each coupled to the controller, and a feedback circuit, coupled to the light source. The feedback circuit provides feedback to the controller, representing a DC output of the driver circuit. The controller controls the boost switch circuit and the buck switch circuit in response to the feedback signal, to regulate current to the light source. The controller places the driver circuit in its boost converter configuration when the DC output is less than a rectified AC voltage coupled to the driver circuit at an input node. The controller places the driver circuit in its buck converter configuration when the DC output is greater than the rectified AC voltage at the input node.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Ramesh,
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Single phase ac-dc converters having high frequency isolation are implemented in buck, boost, buck-boost configuration with improving the power quality in terms of reducing the harmonics of input current. The paperpropose the circuit configuration, control mechanism, and simulation result for the single phase ac-dc converter.
Wind-Photovoltaic Hybrid Double-Input Buck-Boost DC/DC Converter%风光互补双输入Buck-Boost直流变换器的研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
廖志凌; 徐艳杰; 施卫东
2014-01-01
Instability and intermittency are two main drawbacks of independent solar energy generation. Therefore, it is essential to use a double-input DC/DC converter, which combines wind with solar to form a hybrid energy system. The paper proposes a new double-input Buck-Boost DC/DC converter with the following advantages: simple circuit, high voltage gain, and allowance of individual or simultaneous power delivery of the two sources. The operation principle of the double-input Buck-Boost DC/DC converter is analyzed, and the steady-state relation between convert input and output is presented. Finally, simulation results with PSPICE software are used to verify the theoretical analysis.%采用双输入直流变换器将太阳能和风能联合构成双输入供电系统，可避免独立光伏发电系统电力供应不稳定和不连续的缺点。本文提出一种新的双输入Buck-Boost直流变换器，具备电路结构简单、电压增益高特点，联合供电系统既可同时向负载供电，又可分体单独向负载供电。分析双输入Buck-Boost直流变换器的工作原理，给出变换器的输入/输出稳态关系式，并通过PSPICE软件进行仿真。仿真结果验证了理论分析的正确性。
Paulkovich, J.; Rodriguez, G. E. (Inventor)
1981-01-01
A voltage regulated DC to DC converter uses an inductor and a capacitor as storage elements. The inductor is composed of two windings having a common junction. A transformer with a center tap connected to the common junction of the two windings is connected at either end of its winding to ground through controlled switches. One winding of the inductor and either end of the transformer winding are connected by power diodes to the capacitor which supplies the output voltage to a load. The other winding of the inductor is connected to a fourth power diode as a clamping diode. Input voltage is supplied to the inductor through a third controlled switch. A pulse width modulator connected to the output of the converter alternately closes and opens the switches connected to either end of the transformer winding and also closes the switch supplying input voltage to the inductor each time either of the switches connected to the ends of the transformer winding are closed. The duty cycle of the closing and opening of the several switches is adjusted by the pulse modulator to regulate the output voltage.
Park, Hyunbin; Sim, Minseob; Kim, Shiho
2015-06-01
We propose a way of achieving maximum power and power-transfer efficiency from thermoelectric generators by optimized selection of maximum-power-point-tracking (MPPT) circuits composed of a boost-cascaded-with-buck converter. We investigated the effect of switch resistance on the MPPT performance of thermoelectric generators. The on-resistances of the switches affect the decrease in the conversion gain and reduce the maximum output power obtainable. Although the incremental values of the switch resistances are small, the resulting difference in the maximum duty ratio between the input and output powers is significant. For an MPPT controller composed of a boost converter with a practical nonideal switch, we need to monitor the output power instead of the input power to track the maximum power point of the thermoelectric generator. We provide a design strategy for MPPT controllers by considering the compromise in which a decrease in switch resistance causes an increase in the parasitic capacitance of the switch.
Series Connected Buck-Boost Regulator
Birchenough, Arthur G. (Inventor)
2006-01-01
A Series Connected Buck-Boost Regulator (SCBBR) that switches only a fraction of the input power, resulting in relatively high efficiencies. The SCBBR has multiple operating modes including a buck, a boost, and a current limiting mode, so that an output voltage of the SCBBR ranges from below the source voltage to above the source voltage.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Widyan, M.S.
2010-07-01
Photovoltaic (PV) cells for powering direct current (DC) motors are designed to provide maximum output power at the rated conditions of the motors. This paper presented the dynamic and steady-state characteristics of DC shunt, series and permanent-magnet motors fed by PV cells via a DC-DC buck-boost (step up-step down) switch mode converter. It considered the nonlinearities of the output characteristics of the PV cells and that of the magnetization curve of the machines. In order to address the problem of voltage regulation of the PV cells and the variation in solar illumination, the duty cycle controls the output voltage of the DC-DC converter to maintain a fixed voltage across the terminals of the motors at any realistic loading conditions. In this study, the DC-DC buck-boost switch mode converter achieved a fixed voltage across the terminals of the motors and therefore good speed regulation under a wide range of loading conditions and solar intensities. The entire study was carried out using the Matrix Laboratory Program MATLAB{sup TM} software.
Modelling and Control Design of a Dual Buck-Boost AC/DC Converter Used in the DC Nano-Grid
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Wu, Weimin; Liu, Yuan; Wang, Houqing;
2016-01-01
like the low voltage AC power system. In this paper, a dual Buck-Boost AC/DC converter for use in the united grounding configuration based DC Nano-grid with three terminal outputs is proposed. It will be much easy to construct an efficient DC Nano-grid based on the existing low AC power system by using......Due to widely used DC characterized loads and more distributed power generation sources, the DC Nano-grid becomes more and more popular and seen as an alternative to the AC-grid in future. For the safety considerations, the DC Nano-grid should provide reliable grounding for the residential loads...... the proposed converter. The working principle of this converter and the system modeling are presented in detail. Simulations are carried out to verify the theoretical analysis....
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fredy Edimer Hoyos Velasco
2011-02-01
Full Text Available En este trabajo se estudia el comportamiento de un convertidor electrónico en configuración buck-boost. Elobjetivo del controlador es hacer el rastreo de señales sinusoidales usando un controlador con histéresiscero, es decir que el usuario pueda tener a la salida cualquier señal a un nivel más alto de potencia y conla característica que esta señal deseada es regulada variable en frecuencia, en amplitud y forma de onda.El controlador es rápido pues se comprobó en el laboratorio que ante perturbaciones en la carga y en laseñal de referencia, se comporta adecuadamente. Se implementó el convertidor usando un inversormonofásico en configuración de medio puente y se controla el sistema con un prototipo rápido de control(RCP DS1104 en tiempo real. In this work, we analysed the behaviour of a buck-boost electronic converter. The objective of the zerohysteresis controller is to track user defined sinusoidal signals, usually featuring high power level andvariable frequency, amplitude and wave form. The controller was implemented in the laboratory, whereload and reference signal disturbances were introduced. The controller achieved a fast and adequatebehaviour. The converter was implemented using a half bridge monophasic inverter, and a rapid controlprototyping (RCP DS1104 in real time for the control task.
multilevel buck converter for automotive electrical load
African Journals Online (AJOL)
user
development of DCM based buck converter and its applications in the HEVs/EVs using ... The paper also highlights the implications of implementing a single stage buck converter, and ..... instance when the saw tooth signal within the internal.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
姚川; 阮新波; 曹伟杰; 陈沛琳
2013-01-01
The two-switch Buck-Boost (TSBB) converter is suitable for wide input voltage applications, and a two-mode control scheme with two modulation signals and one carrier can be adopted to achieve high efficiency and automatic modes-switching over the entire input voltage range. The corresponding operating modes are the Buck mode with high input voltages and the Boost mode with low input voltage. In order to reduce the influence of the input voltage disturbance on the output voltage, input voltage feed-forward (IVFF) functions based on the small-signal models of different operating modes were derived, and the effect of the variable circuit parameters on the IVFF functions was analyzed, then a two-mode control scheme with IVFF compensation was proposed. With this proposed control scheme for the TSBB converter, automatic selections of operating modes and the corresponding IVFF functions can be achieved simultaneously. Besides, nearly smooth switching between Buck and Boost modes is guaranteed. Then, high efficiency and improved input transient response over the entire input voltage range are both achieved. For exhibiting the advantages of the proposed control scheme clearly, comparisons between the two-mode control with and without IVFF compensation had been presented in this paper. Finally, a suitable power prototype was fabricated to validate the effectiveness of the control scheme.% 双管Buck-Boost变换器适用于宽输入电压范围场合。采用双调制–单载波的两模式控制策略可实现其整个输入电压范围内的高效率和工作模式的自动平滑切换，其工作模式即为高输入电压区间的 Buck 模式和低输入电压区间的Boost模式。为抑制输入电压扰动对输出电压的影响，通过建立双管Buck-Boost变换器不同工作模式下的小信号模型，推导相应的输入电压前馈函数，并分析电路参数变化对前馈函数的影响，进而提出一种带输入电压前馈的两模式控制
George, Libin; Gargiulo, Gaetano Dario; Lehmann, Torsten; Hamilton, Tara Julia
2016-06-01
This paper presents the design of a reconfigurable buck-boost switched-capacitor DC-DC converter suitable for use in a wide range of biomedical implants. The proposed converter has an extremely small footprint and uses a novel control method that allows coarse and fine control of the output voltage. The converter uses adaptive gain control, discrete frequency scaling and pulse-skipping schemes to regulate the power delivered to a range of output voltages and loads. Adaptive gain control is used to implement variable switching gain ratios from a reconfigurable power stage and thereby make coarse steps in output voltage. A discrete frequency scaling controller makes discrete changes in switching frequency to vary the power delivered to the load and perform fine tuning when the output voltage is within 10% of the target output voltage. The control architecture is predominately digital and it has been implemented as part of a fully-integrated switched-capacitor converter design using a standard bulk CMOS 0.18 μm process. Measured results show that the converter has an output voltage range of 1.0 to 2.2 V, can deliver up to 7.5 mW of load power and efficiency up to 75% using an active area of only 0.04 mm (2), which is significantly smaller than that of other designs. This low-area, low-complexity reconfigurable power converter can support low-power circuits in biomedical implant applications.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吴捷; 刘明建; 杨苹
2002-01-01
研究了电流控制型Buck-Boost变换器中的分叉与混沌问题.在连续模式下的Buck-Boost变换器的离散数学模型基础上,从不动点及稳定性理论的角度对Buck-Boost变换器的第一分叉点进行了严格的数值分析,得到了三维参数空间曲面图.此外,建立了实验硬件电路,实验结果验证了理论分析.%The first flip bifurcation point of Buck-Boost converter has been studied in detail by using fixed point and stability theory. 3-D parameter space of stable region is given. Furthermore, the hardware of 20kHz current-moxe controlled BuckBoost converter has been built and the experiment results verify the theoretical analysis which has been presented in our other papers.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Faqiang Wang
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The influence of switching frequency on the low-frequency oscillation in the voltage-controlled buck-boost converter is studied in this paper. Firstly, the mathematical model of this system is derived. And then, a glimpse at the influence of switching frequency on the low-frequency oscillation in this system by MATLAB/Simulink is given. The improved averaged model of the system is established, and the corresponding theoretical analysis is presented. It is found that the switching frequency has an important influence on the low-frequency oscillation in the system, that is, the low-frequency oscillation is easy to occur when the switching frequency is low. Finally, the effectiveness of the improved averaged model and the theoretical analysis are confirmed by circuit experiment.
Simulated Analysis of APFC for BUCK- BOOST Converter with Matlab%用Matlab实现BUCK-BOOST变换器 APFC的仿真分析
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘宇; 谢品芳; 周雒维
2001-01-01
本文分析了用BUCK-BOOST电路进行功率因素校正的原理和变换过程,给出了BUCK-BOOS电路的Matlab仿真分析的模型.通过对变换器工作在DCM模式下的电路仿真,验证了此方法具有良好的效果.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
马化盛; 张波; 郑健超; 梁少毅
2004-01-01
以AC/DC Buck-Boost PFC变换器为主拓扑,提出滑模变结构电流内环控制与PI调节器电压外环控制相结合的综合控制系统,以实现变换器高性能的单位功率因数校正.仿真和实验研究结果表明,这种控制系统设计兼有滑模控制动态性能、鲁棒性好与PI调节器稳定性好的优点.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孙孝峰; 刘飞龙; 熊亮亮; 王宝诚
2016-01-01
In this paper, Dual Buck/Boost integrated dual active bridge (DAB) three-port DC-DC converter combines the conventional DAB and two bidirectional Buck/Boost circuits. Hence power switches are shared, and the power density is improved. The PV-battery hybrid power system is taken as an example to analyze the proposed converter topology. The phase shift plus PWM control is adopted here. The phase shift angle is used to control the power flow between the input port and the output port, while the duty cycle is employed to match the input voltages. Thus the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) can be achieved and the power flow between PV and battery can be balanced. The basic operation principles, steady state characteristics and zero voltage switching (ZVS) conditions are analyzed. The ZVS conditions for the conventional DAB operating in small phase shift angle can be greatly improved, and thus the converter can operate under ZVS in a wide operation range. A 300 W converter prototype is built to verify all considerations.%在传统的双有源桥变换器的基础上集成两个双向 Buck/Boost 电路，提出了一种双Buck/Boost 集成双有源桥三端口 DC-DC 变换器，该变换器实现了桥臂开关管的复用，提高了功率密度。以光伏-蓄电池混合发电系统为例对该变换器拓扑进行分析，采用移相+PWM进行控制，通过控制移相角实现输入与输出端口间功率传输，通过调节占空比来匹配输入端口电压等级，以实现光伏端口的最大功率点跟踪和平衡蓄电池端口的能量传递。分析了该变换器的工作原理、稳态与软开关特性，该变换器较大程度地改善了传统移相控制下 DAB 在移相角较小时的软开关条件，使得在宽工作范围内能够实现所有功率开关管的软开关。最后建立300W实验样机进行方案验证。
几种新型的Buck-Boost变换器的合成%Synthesis of Several Novel Buck-Boost Converters
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
朱继承; 蔡丽娟
2008-01-01
从传输机制说明单管升降压变换器(如Buck-Boost、SPEIC、Cuk)中元件承受的电压和电流应力高的原因,并根据这一机制,采用变换器合成的方式,提出了一系列的双管Buck-Boost变换器.这类变换器根据输入输出条件,可以分别工作于Boost模式和Buck模式,起到降低元件应力的作用.
Buck-Boost型变换器电路结构及其演化%Circuit Configuration and Derivation of the Buck-Boost Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张灵改; 陈道炼
2009-01-01
论述了基于Buck-Boost型变换器的DC/DC,DC/AC和AC/AC变换器电路结构及其演化过程,给出了各类变换器的电路拓扑实例、仿真和原理试验结果.理论分析、仿真和原理试验结果表明,Buck-Boost型变换器在中小容量的DC/DC.DC/AC和AC/AC电能变换中具有重要的应用价值.
Series-Connected Buck Boost Regulators
Birchenough, Arthur G.
2005-01-01
A series-connected buck boost regulator (SCBBR) is an electronic circuit that bucks a power-supply voltage to a lower regulated value or boosts it to a higher regulated value. The concept of the SCBBR is a generalization of the concept of the SCBR, which was reported in "Series-Connected Boost Regulators" (LEW-15918), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 23, No. 7 (July 1997), page 42. Relative to prior DC-voltage-regulator concepts, the SCBBR concept can yield significant reductions in weight and increases in power-conversion efficiency in many applications in which input/output voltage ratios are relatively small and isolation is not required, as solar-array regulation or battery charging with DC-bus regulation. Usually, a DC voltage regulator is designed to include a DC-to-DC converter to reduce its power loss, size, and weight. Advances in components, increases in operating frequencies, and improved circuit topologies have led to continual increases in efficiency and/or decreases in the sizes and weights of DC voltage regulators. The primary source of inefficiency in the DC-to-DC converter portion of a voltage regulator is the conduction loss and, especially at high frequencies, the switching loss. Although improved components and topology can reduce the switching loss, the reduction is limited by the fact that the converter generally switches all the power being regulated. Like the SCBR concept, the SCBBR concept involves a circuit configuration in which only a fraction of the power is switched, so that the switching loss is reduced by an amount that is largely independent of the specific components and circuit topology used. In an SCBBR, the amount of power switched by the DC-to-DC converter is only the amount needed to make up the difference between the input and output bus voltage. The remaining majority of the power passes through the converter without being switched. The weight and power loss of a DC-to-DC converter are determined primarily by the amount of power
Dual Edge Modulated Four-switch Buck-Boost Converter%双沿调制的四开关Buck-Boost变换器
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
任小永; 阮新波; 李明秋; 钱海; 陈乾宏
2009-01-01
与传统的Buck-Boost变换器相比,四开关Buck-Boost变换器具有输入输出同极性、开关管电压应力低等优点.该文针对四开关Buck-Boost变换器在通信电源分布式系统中的应用,提出三模式双频双沿调制的控制策略.该控制策略将变换器分成Buck单元和Boost单元,此两单元分别采用后沿调制和前沿调制,并且在Buck.Boost工作模式时,开关频率由Buck以及Boost模式的200 kHz降到40 kHz,以提高变换器的效率.实验室制作了一台48V(33～75 V)输入48 V/6.25 A的样机,对所提出的控制策略进行验证.试验结果表明所得结论正确.
The Design and Implement of Digital Controller for Buck-Boost Converter%Buck-Boost变换器数字控制器的设计和实现
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
何炯; 吴定会; 纪志成
2008-01-01
利用分段线性电子电路仿真PLECS软件建立Buck-Boost变换器的仿真模型;采用幅值相位裕度方法设计控制器参数;基丁系统发生器提出了一种新的数字控制器实现方法,分析了负载扰动和电源扰动特性.并对其进行了实验.实验结果证明了PLECS建模和系统发生器设计的有效性,也为FPGA实现Buck-Boost变换器的数字控制器提供了新的设计流程.
The Passivity-based Current Control Method for BUCK-BOOST Converter%BUCK-BOOST变换器的无源性电流控制方法
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
廖鸿飞; 帅定新; 梁奇峰; 彭建宇
2013-01-01
为了简化系统控制结构,提高Buck-Boost变换器的控制性能,提出了一种通过直接控制电感电流间接控制输出电压的Buck-Boost变换器无源性电流控制方法.首先根据无源性控制方法建立了系统的欧拉一拉格朗日能量模型,然后基于无源性理论和Layapunov稳定性理论,推导出了系统的无源性控制规律.实验结果表明,系统输出电压稳定,鲁棒性较强,动态响应良好.
Fractional Order Modeling and Analysis of Buck-Boost Converter%基于分数阶Buck-Boost变换器建模与分析
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
伊利峰; 张开如; 刘军
2015-01-01
对Buck-Boost变换器应用相关分数阶微积分理论建立基于电感电流连续模式下分数阶数学模型,然后理论分析建立起来的分数阶数学模型.基于改进的分数阶微积分Oustaloup滤波器算法,建立电感电流连续模式下Buck-Boost变换器Matlab/Simulink分数阶仿真模型.最后,分数阶仿真结果与整数阶的结果进行分析比较,验证分数阶数学模型与理论分析的正确性.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
蒋丹; 刘福鑫; 毛韵雨; 阮新波
2014-01-01
In the hybrid renewable power system,a multi-port DC-DC converter can be introduced instead of the numerous individual DC-DC converters,leading to a simpler configuration and a lower cost.In high current applications,a Buck/Boost integrated three-port DC-DC converter with coupled inductors is proposed.Two interleaved inductors are introduced to obtain a symmetrical structure and achieve an inherent current sharing.For further optimization of the converter,two inductors can be coupled in an inverse manner.The converter topology is described,along with its control strategy and operating principle.The influence on the current ripples of the coupled inductors is discussed.The effective values of the current of switches and the zero voltage switching range with variable coupling coefficients are analyzed under ideal conditions.Finally,the theoretical analysis is validated by experimental results from a 1 kW prototype.%新能源联合供电系统中，多端口直流变换器可代替原有多个分立变换器，以简化系统结构、降低成本。针对大电流应用场合，提出一种采用耦合电感的 Buck/Boost 集成型三端口直流变换器，通过电感交错并联使桥臂结构一致，同时实现电流扩容与纹波抑制，将两电感反向耦合，进一步改善变换器性能。文中给出其拓扑结构与控制策略，讨论其工作原理，重点分析了电感电流脉动、开关管软开关实现范围及开关管电流有效值与耦合系数的关系，并通过一台1 kW的原理样机进行了实验验证。
A Novel Four Switch Buck-Boost Converter%一种新颖的四开关Buck-Boost变换器
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
任小永; 唐钊; 阮新波; 危建; 华桂潮
2008-01-01
提出一种新颖的四开关Buck-Boost变换器及其控制策略.该变换器由Buck变换器和Boost变换器级联等效而成,其可以将宽范围的输入电压高效率变换到额定电压附近,这样对后级变换器而言输入就是一个窄范围,从而保证了后级变换器的优化设计;与此同时,四开关Buck-Boost变换器的滤波工作模式还保证了额定输入电压附近效率的最高.实验结果表明:采用文中提出的四开关Buck-Boost变换器作为前级的两级式变换器可以满足未来通信电源模块高效率、高功率密度以及宽输入范围的要求.
Design of AC Regulator Based on Buck-Boost Converter%基于Buck-Boost的AC/AC变换器设计
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张超华; 汤雨; 谢少军
2007-01-01
利用Buck-Boost电路输出电压理论上可以在零到无穷大之间变化的特点,将Buck- Boost斩波电路应用于交流电压变换,提出了一种变比可以连续变化的固态变压器.与传统的自耦调压器相比,基于Buck-Boost变换器的固态变压器具有输出电压范围宽、体积小的特点,并且由于采用了电压反馈控制,使得其输出电压不受负载变化的影响,外特性较硬.针对四象限开关存在的换流问题,提出了该变换器的换流策略,在理论分析的基础上,设计制作了一台AC/AC调压器,实验结果验证了该变换器的可行性.
BOOST-BUCK converter-based photovoltaic-battery charging system%基于BOOST-BUCK电路的光伏脉冲充电系统
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
涂小伟; 陈皓
2012-01-01
太阳能光伏发电作为一种具有广阔前景的绿色能源已成为工业界和国内外学术界研究的热点,针对离网型光伏发电系统,分析了BOOST电路和BUCK电路在最大功率点跟踪(MPPT)电路中的缺点,提出了一种基于BOOST-BUCK电路的蓄电池脉冲充电电路,采用PIC16F877单片机进行智能控制,并绘制了单片机控制的N/D采样电路及外围电路.实验结果表明:一是实现了对蓄电池的脉冲充电；二是与BOOST、BUCK电路相比,大大提高了系统的工作效率.%As a green energy,solar photovoltaic technology has a wide prospect and it has been the research hotspot in industrial circles and the academic circles.In this paper,a battery charging circuit controlled by PIC microcontroller for stand-alone photo -voltaic power generation was presented.The shortcomings of the BUCK and BOOST circuits applied in the MPPT circuit were analyzed.The experimental result shows that the pulse charging method is used to charge the battery,which can extend the life of battery and improve system efficiency.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张斐; 许建平; 董政; 舒立三
2013-01-01
研究了两开关伪连续导电模式(pseudo continuous conduction mode,PCCM) Buck-Boost功率因数校正(power factor correction,PFC)变换器的工作原理,为了简化两开关PCCM Buck-Boost PFC变换器的控制器设计,在分析单相PFC变换器输出电压纹波的基础上,提出了输出电压纹波反馈控制算法.该算法采样PFC变换器的输出电压,通过计算得到输出电压纹波值来实时调整电流控制环的补偿系数,无需增加额外的硬件电路,利用数字信号处理器的编程方式即可实现.仿真与实验结果表明,当负载功率发生大范围变化时所设计的系统具有快速动态响应能力.
Research on Buck-Boost Double Half Bridge DC/DC Converter%Buck-Boost型双半桥DC/DC变换器研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
施林涵; 林国庆; 徐质彬; 林威伟
2016-01-01
本文设计了一个应用于光伏系统中的Buck-Boost型双半桥DC/DC变换器,研究一种PWM控制与移相控制结合的充电与供电控制策略:通过移相控制实现光伏电池对负载的供电,通过PWM控制实现光伏电池对蓄电池的充电.最后结合仿真和实验结果,验证了该方案的可行性.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李雪莉
2011-01-01
针对有源无损缓冲电路结构和控制复杂的缺陷,开发了一种基于无源无损缓冲技术和谐振技术组合并在Buck/Boost变换器上实现,以此来设计具有非最小电压应力缓冲结构的软开关,通过对其7种工作模式下的工作流程分析,得到NMVS无源无损软开关电路单元并将缓冲元件的能量回馈给变换器的输入输出端,实现了无损的效果,并通过理论计算给出其具体的参数.与硬开关条件下的开关电流电压实验波形仿真对比,证实了其开关范围更广、效率更高、结构简单、性价比高,易于控制等优点.%Considering the shortcoming of active lossles snubber circuits and complicated control, a soft switching method which has voltage stress (MVS) passive lossless switching technology and resonant technology combined and implemented in Buck/Boost converters was proposed to develop a NMVS passive lossless soft switching. Through analyzing its working process in 7 different modes, the NMVS passive loss1ess soft switching circuit cell can feed back the energy of buffers to the converter input and output sides to achieve a loss1ess effect. The experimental result proves the success of theoretical analysis.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈琪; 李旋
2013-01-01
针对一种具有优良电气特性的新型Buck-Boost矩阵变换器（BBMC）采用基于模糊PI的双闭环控制策略进行控制。阐述了该变换器的基本原理，研究了基于模糊PI的双闭环控制的具体设计方法。并采用MATLAB对其控制效果进行了仿真验证。结果表明：当BBMC输入侧电压发生突变时，模糊控制器能有效调节PI参数，使输出电压有效的跟随输入电压的变化而变化，从而系统迅速达到稳定。%According to a new Buck-Boost matrix converter (BBMC) having excellent electrical performance,uses the double closed loop control strategy based on fuzzy PI. This paper expounds the basic principle of the converter, studies the design method of double closed loop control based on fuzzy PI, and uses the MATLAB for the simulation of the control effect. The results show that, when the BBMC input voltage change, the fuzzy controller can effectively adjust the PI parameters, making the change of the output voltage effectively follow the change of the input voltage, thus the system rapidly reaches stable.
Buck-Boost变换器的环路补偿及仿真%Loop Compensation and Simulation of Buck-Boost Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
于月森; 戚文艳
2014-01-01
设计DC-DC变换器时为了使其满足静态和动态指标的要求,一般需要设计良好的补偿网络,而变换器输出滤波电容的等效串联电阻ESR对补偿网络的影响是不可忽略的.为了探究等效串联电阻对补偿网络的影响,该文采用波特图法对工作在连续工作模式(CCM模式)下的Buck-Boost变换器的稳定性进行分析,并讨论了有无ESR时补偿器的设计方案,结果显示ESR不同,选用的补偿方案也不同;然后利用Matlab工具对补偿后的Buck-Boost变换器进行仿真,验证补偿网络设计的正确性.
PT controlled PCCM Buck-Boost converter with two control variables%两控制变量PT控制PCCM Buck-Boost变换器
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
秦明; 李芳芳
2016-01-01
为减小电感惯性模态期间电感电流下降对下一周期脉冲的影响,根据伪连续导电模式(Pseudo ContinuousConduction Mode,PCCM) Buck-Boost变换器的工作特点,提出一种新的脉冲序列(Pulse Train,PT)控制策略.控制策略中包含两个控制变量,使控制器根据不同能量的电压控制脉冲产生不同的电流控制脉冲.详细分析了新型PT控制策略下PCCM Buck-Boost变换器的工作过程,给出了高低能量电压控制脉冲比.仿真与实验结果验证了新型控制策略的可行性及理论分析的正确性.
新颖的Buck-Boost高频环节AC/AC变换器%Novel Buck-Boost AC/AC Converters with High Frequency Link
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘剑; 陈道炼; 尹春
2004-01-01
提出了Buck-Boost高频环节AC/AC变换器电路拓扑,该电路拓扑由输入周波变换器、高频储能式变压器、输出周波变换器构成.分析研究了该变换器工作模式和电压瞬时值反馈控制策略.理论分析和试验表明,该变换器具有两级功率变换(LFAC/HFAC/LFAC)、双向功率流、网侧电流波形可得到改善、负载适应能力强、音频噪音小等优点.
高动态响应的Buck-Boost变换器的边界控制%Boundary Control of Buck-Boost Converter with Fast Response
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
马朋; 陆益民
2007-01-01
应用状态轨迹预测的方法,调节Buck-Boost变换器电压输出.根据在一个假定的开关动作后预测电压输出,设计二阶开关面,在一个开关周期内就可引导系统轨迹到达目标工作点,具有大信号稳定性,对负载扰动及电源扰动均有很强的自适应性,通过仿真验证了理论的正确性.
High Efficient Universal Buck Boost Solar Array Regulator SAR Module
Kimmelmann, Stefan; Knorr, Wolfgang
2014-08-01
The high efficient universal Buck Boost Solar Array Regulator (SAR) module concept is applicable for a wide range of input and output voltages. The single point failure tolerant SAR module contains 3 power converters for the transfer of the SAR power to the battery dominated power bus. The converters are operating parallel in a 2 out of 3 redundancy and are driven by two different controllers. The output power of one module can be adjusted up to 1KW depending on the requirements. The maximum power point tracker (MPPT) is placed on a separate small printed circuit board and can be used if no external tracker signal is delivered. Depending on the mode and load conditions an efficiency of more than 97% is achievable. The stable control performance is achieved by implementing the magnetic current sense detection. The sensed power coil current is used in Buck and Boost control mode.
Design of isolated Buck-Boost DC/DC converter%Buck-Boost隔离直流转换器设计
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王雪丹; 李文鹤
2013-01-01
在Buck-Boost隔离直流转换器宽范围输入电压的条件下,分析了典型的全桥boost转换器拓扑结构,由于存在的谐振电感包括漏电感,全桥Boost转换器只能采用双边沿调制[1],该转换器采用UC3895作为控制器,对全桥单元采用移相转换控制的方式,为了提高全桥boost转换器系统的可靠性和效率,采用三模式两频率控制方式[2],在输入宽范围电压的情况下,最高输入500V,输出360V,采用Matlab软件进行仿真,实验结果表明输入电压平均效率范围是96.2％,最高效率能达到97.5％.
基于Buck-Boost变换器的T-S模糊建模和仿真研究%T-S fuzzy modeling and simulation of Buck-Boost converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王艳; 吴正成; 纪志成
2008-01-01
根据Buck-Booat变换器的工作原理及其非线性特征,在电感电流连续导通模式和断续导通模式下,分别对Buck-Boost 电路构建T-S模糊模型,在断续导通模式下,引入切换函数,统一了两种模式下电路状态方程和T-S模糊模型.仿真结果表明,Buck-Boost变换器经T-S建模后,输出电压平均值和电感电流的平均值的误差均在2%以内,符合实际应用的要求.T-S模糊建模的有效性和可行性得到验证.
Digital DC-DC Converter Based on Buck-Boost Topology%基于Buck Boost拓扑的数字DC DC变换器设计
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杜英; 郝茂森
2014-01-01
针对常规DC DC变换器输出电压调整困难、反馈实现复杂、智能化程度低的问题，提出了一种新型的能够根据用户要求快速改变输出电压的DC DC变换器，并且能够根据电源输入的电压变化情况实时调整控制参数，实现稳定的电压输出，且输出电压不受输入电压变化的影响。通过对不同负载和电源输入变化的实验验证，该DC DC变换器具有输出电压稳定精确、纹波率小、反馈快速准确的特点，对于某些对输入电压稳定性要求高的场合有实际应用意义。%Against the fact that the voltage values of DC-DC converter is difficult to adjust due to complex feedback and low degree of in-telligence,this paper proposes a new type of DC-DC converter that can be adjusted easily.This converter can adjust the control parame-ters along with the input voltage,keeping the output voltage stable.Experiments of different loads and input voltage show that this DC-DC converter has the advantage of stable output voltage,low voltage fluctuation,quick and accurate feedback.It has practical meaning in terms of requiring stable output voltage.
A Robust Chattering-Avoiding Sliding Mode Control for Buck-Boost Converter%一种鲁棒无抖颤滑模控制的Buck-Boost变换器
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
皇甫宜耿; 吴宇; 马瑞卿
2014-01-01
In the process of power generation by new energy sources, such as wind, light and hydrogen, the ran-domness of energy input and power output often appear;this puts forward higher requirements for the robust design of power converters. The power converter based on traditional sliding mode, due to its discrete control law, makes chattering phenomenon inevitable. In order to suppress the above problem, this paper presents a novel chattering-avoiding converter based on the super-twisting sliding modes. The core idea is to transfer the discrete control law to high order sliding manifold, essentially eliminating the impact of chattering effect. To remove the intermittent dis-turbance in the new energy power generation, this paper compares the effect of the converter controlled by super-twisting sliding mode controller with the classic PI controller in a typical Buck-Boost power converter as an example. The simulation results and their analysis show preliminarily that: (1) under the condition of large disturbances in input and output, the converter controlled by super-twisting sliding mode has stronger robustness;(2) in response tracking, the converter has a faster convergence;the frequency response can reach more than 20 Hz, far superior to the classic PI control.%利用风、光、氢等新能源发电过程中，经常遇到能量输入和功率输出的随机性，这对电源变换器鲁棒性设计提出了更高要求。针对传统滑模控制变换器由于自身控制律的离散型存在不可避免的抖颤问题，基于一种Super-Twisting控制算法设计无抖颤滑模变换器，其核心思想是将离散控制律转移至更高阶的滑模面，从本质上消除抖颤的影响。以电源变换器Buck-Boost为例，针对新能源发电中存在的间歇性扰动问题，与典型PI控制效果进行对比试验。仿真结果表明：1）动态滑模控制变换器在输入、输出大扰动下具有很强的鲁棒性；2）在频响跟踪方面具
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨晨; 谢少军; 毛玲; 秦岭
2012-01-01
Based on the control requirements of photovoltaic interface in the distributed DC power system, a control strategy for photovoltaic converter is proposed. Taking two-switch Buck-Boost converter for example, the control system structure for the converter is introduced and the small signal model is established. The operating principle is analyzed and how to select the close-loop control parameters is discussed. Finally, the control strategy was carried out on a 3 kW two-switch Buck-Boost converter. The experimental results show that the photovoltaic interface can work effectively to match the basic control requirements.%分析了分布式直流供电系统中光伏接口单元的控制要求,给出了相应的控制策略。以双管Buck-Boost变换器型接口单元为例,介绍了其控制系统结构和小信号模型的建立,分析了接口变换器的工作过程,讨论了闭环控制参数选取依据。最后,在一台3kW的双管Buck-Boost变换器实验样机上,对理论分析进行了验证,实现了分布式直流供电系统光伏接口单元的基本控制功能。
Application of Boost-Buck DC/DC Converter with Pure Digital Control%全数字控制B00st-Buck DC/DC变换器的应用
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
沈文轩; 吕承明
2001-01-01
讨论了实现全数字控制Boost-Buck DC/DC变换器的主电路拓扑结构、控制电路原理、软件控制方案.该变换器具有简单、实用、可靠的优点,被成功地应用在直流屏中作为220V直流母线.
An Effective Wind Energy System based on Buck-boost Controller
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
N. Prakash
2013-06-01
Full Text Available In Domestic Wind Machines, if the wind speed is low, the output voltage is not sufficient to charge the battery as it is lower than the rated charging voltage of the battery. This limits the overall efficiency of the Wind Machine to 20%. This study proposed to design and develop a Buck Boost Controller for the effective utilization of the wind machine. By implementing a controller based Buck Boost converter, the voltage produced at the lower wind speeds can also be utilized effectively by boosting it to the rated charging voltage of the battery. Also if the wind speed is high (>14 m/s, the DC output voltage will increase to more than 65 V. The converter bucks this high voltage to the nominal battery charging voltage (52 V, thereby protecting the battery from over charging voltage. Thus the effective utilization of the wind machine has been achieved by the use of the proposed Buck Boost Controller.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孙孝峰; 申彦峰; 李午英; 王宝诚
2016-01-01
将交错并联双向 Buck/Boost 电路与全桥 LLC 谐振电路通过共用全桥开关单元集成在一起，提出了一种新型的三端口直流变换器，实现了器件共享，降低了体积和成本。该三端口变换器包括两个双向端口和一个隔离的单向输出端口，通过PWM+PFM的混合调制策略，可实现端口间功率流的灵活控制。与传统的移相全桥集成型三端口直流变换器相比，提出的变换器输入电流纹波小，可在宽电压和功率范围内实现一次侧开关管的零电压软开关（ZVS）和二次侧整流二极管的零电流软开关（ZCS）关断，开关损耗小，而且不存在占空比丢失、变压器直流偏磁等问题。研究了该三端口变换器的工作原理、工作模式和端口功率传输模式，并对其增益、软开关等特性进行了深入分析，最后搭建了一台500W的实验样机，实验结果验证了变换器的实用性和理论分析的正确性。%By integrating the two-phase interleaved bidirectional Buck/Boost circuit with the full-bridge LLC resonant circuit, a novel three-port converter (TPC) is proposed. Thus, the full-bridge switching unit is shared and the cost is reduced. The proposed TPC consists of two bidirectional DC ports and an isolated unidirectional DC port. With PWM plus PFM modulation strategy, flexible power flow control can be easily achieved. All primary power switches operate with ZVS and all secondary diodes can achieve ZCS-off in wide voltage and power ranges, thus the switching losses are reduced. In addition, the duty cycle loss and transformer DC bias current inherently existed in conventional phase shift full-bridge integrated TPCs, can be well eliminated in the proposed TPC combined with the LLC resonant tank. The basic operation principle, operation modes and power transfer modes of the proposed TPC are investigated. Then both the gain and the ZVS characteristics are analyzed in detail. Finally, the
SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF BUCK AND SEPIC CONVERTERS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
CHAKIB ALAOUI
2011-02-01
Full Text Available Switched mode power converters generate harmonic currents, which will be injected into the utility grid, causing distortion of the utility waveform. They also become a source for the generation of EMI, which may affect the communication systems. This work is about the design and evaluation of the two most frequently used SMPS used in step down mode of operation: the Buck converter and the Sepic converter working in step-down mode of operation. These converters were designed using optimized equations for their components ratings. Simulation results show that although the Buck output voltage is low in harmonics, it has high harmonic contents in currents circulating in its inductor and diode, and hence requires strong filtering. The Sepic converterhas lower harmonic contents than the Buck converter.
Diode-Assisted Buck-Boost Voltage-Source Inverters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gao, Feng; Loh, Poh Chiang; Teodorescu, Remus;
2009-01-01
This paper proposes a number of diode-assisted buck-boost voltage-source inverters with a unique X-shaped diode-capacitor network inserted between the inverter circuitry and dc source for producing a voltage gain that is comparatively higher than those of other buck-boost conversion techniques...
Primary Paralleled Isolated Boost Converter with Extended Operating Voltage Range
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hernandez Botella, Juan Carlos; Sen, Gökhan; Mira Albert, Maria del Carmen
2012-01-01
Applications requiring wide input and output voltage range cannot often be satisfied by using buck or boost derived topologies. Primary paralleled isolated boost converter (PPIBC) [1]-[2] is a high efficiency boost derived topology. This paper proposes a new operation mode for extending the input...
Analisys of Current-Bidirectional Buck-Boost Based Automotive Switch-Mode Audio Amplifier
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bolten Maizonave, Gert; Andersen, Michael A. E.; Kjærgaard, Claus
2011-01-01
The following study was carried out in order to assess quantitatively the performance of the buck-boost converter when used as switch-mode audio amplifier. It comprises of, to begin with, the delimitation of design criteria based on the state-ofthe- art solution, which is based in a differential...... mode buck-based amplifier with a boost converter as power supply. The averaged switch modelling of the differential mode current bidirectional topology is also used, in order to analyze the steady state and frequency domain behaviour of this converter and parameterize it to meet the design criteria...... in such configuration when applied for audio....
A TEG Efficiency Booster with Buck-Boost Conversion
Wu, Hongfei; Sun, Kai; Zhang, Junjun; Xing, Yan
2013-07-01
A thermoelectric generator (TEG) efficiency booster with buck-boost conversion and power management is proposed as a TEG battery power conditioner suitable for a wide TEG output voltage range. An inverse-coupled inductor is employed in the buck-boost converter, which is used to achieve smooth current with low ripple on both the TEG and battery sides. Furthermore, benefiting from the magnetic flux counteraction of the two windings on the coupled inductor, the core size and power losses of the filter inductor are reduced, which can achieve both high efficiency and high power density. A power management strategy is proposed for this power conditioning system, which involves maximum power point tracking (MPPT), battery voltage control, and battery current control. A control method is employed to ensure smooth switching among different working modes. A modified MPPT control algorithm with improved dynamic and steady-state characteristics is presented and applied to the TEG battery power conditioning system to maximize energy harvesting. A 500-W prototype has been built, and experimental tests carried out on it. The power efficiency of the prototype at full load is higher than 96%, and peak efficiency of 99% is attained.
Diode-Assisted Buck-Boost Current Source Inverters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gao, F.; Cai, Liang; Loh, P.C.
2007-01-01
This paper presents a couple of novel current source inverters (CSIs) with the enhanced current buckboost capability. With the unique diode-inductor network added between current source inverter circuitry and current boost elements, the proposed buck-boost current source inverters demonstrate...... a double current boost capability when comparing with the recently reported buckboost CSIs. For modulating the presented CSIs, two modulation schemes are proposed for achieving either optimized harmonic performance or minimal commutation count, meanwhile keeping the important current buck-boost operation...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李宏恩; 周晋阳; 申玉坤
2016-01-01
双向DC/DC转换器是实现高低压电能双向传输功能的直流转换器，在各种直流稳压电源设计上应用广泛。通过小信号分析法，将非线性的DC/DC转换器变换为线性的数学模型进行研究，确定了全桥DC/DC转换器在升/降压模式下的传递函数，然后通过离散型PID控制算法，分析了系统控制的稳定性并确定了PID参数，设计了转换器补偿网络。最后通过仿真模型和样机实验验证，证明了双向全桥DC/DC转换器的升/降压控制系统的有效性。%The bidirectional DC/DC converter can realize the high voltage and low voltage bidirectional conversion,and is widely used in the design of various DC voltage⁃stabilized power supply. The nonlinear DC/DC converter is transformed into the linear mathematical model by means of the small signal analysis method for study. The transfer functions of full⁃bridge DC/DC converter in Boost/Buck modes are determined. And then the discrete PID control algorithm is used to analyze the stability of the control system and determine the PID parameters. The compensation network of the converter was designed. The simulation model and prototype experiment were verified,and the results show that the Boost⁃Buck control system of the bidirectional full⁃bridge DC/DC converter is effective.
Component-Minimized Buck-Boost Voltage Source Inverters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gao, F.; Loh, P.C.; Blaabjerg, Frede;
2007-01-01
the additional voltage relationship between dc input and ac output which is beyond the expectation when continuous inductor current is assumed. These theoretical findings, together with the inverter practicality, have been confirmed in Matlab/PLECS simulations and experimentally using laboratory implemented......This paper presents the design of buck-boost B4 inverters that can be derived from either Ćuk- or SEPIC-derived buck-boost B6 inverters. Unlike traditional inverters, the integration of front-end voltage boost circuitry and inverter circuitry allows it to perform buck-boost voltage inversion....... In order to form a distinct neutral potential in the corresponding voltage boost circuitry for correct B4 inverter operation, necessary modifications are derived step by step. The resulted dc networks with symmetrical placement of passive components allow complete charging and equal energy distribution...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨晨; 谢少军; 秦岭
2012-01-01
A control mode of two-switch Buck-boost converter using the coupling inductor to reduce the diodes reverse recover losses was proposed. The operation principle was analyzed and the theoretical calculation was iUustrated. Finally, the simulation and experiment result shows that the proposed asynchronous control mode could not only reduce the diodes reverse recovery losses and the additional switch on losses, but also improve the converter efficiency further.%提出了采用耦合电感的双管Buck-boost变换器的一种非同步控制方式。讨论了采用耦合电感降低续流二极管反向恢复损耗的原理，对比分析了同步与非同步工作方式下电路的工作原理和电路中各电流的理论计算结果．并通过仿真和实验进行了验证。研究表明，与同步控制方式相比，所提出的非同步控制方式可以减小双管Buck-boost变换器续流二极管反向恢复损耗，可以进一步提升变换器效率。
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张旭辉; 温旭辉; 赵峰
2012-01-01
The DC bus voltage fluctuation suppression in the motor drive system with a bi-directional Buck/Boost converter was studied. The disadvantage that the power feed-forward control scheme cannot effectively suppress bus voltage fluctuation was analyzed. A novel direct power control scheme with bus capacitor energy outer control loop and output power inner control loop for the bi-directional Buck/Boost converter was presented. Moreover, in order to improve the dynamic response of converters, a feed-forward term which reflects the changing trends of output power was added on its duty cycle calculation node. The essential difference between the above two control schemes was compared. Results and simulations of the small-signal model analysis and experimental results show the direct power control scheme has good performance in voltage fluctuation suppression.%对电机驱动系统前置双向Buck/Boost变换器后直流母线电压的波动抑制问题进行研究.分析功率前馈控制策略抑制母线电压波动能力较弱的原因.对双向Buck/Boost变换器提出一种母线电容能量外环、输出功率内环的直接功率控制策略,并将输出功率的变化趋势反映到双向Buck/Boost变换器的发波环节,进一步提高了变换器的动态响应特性.基于小信号模型分析上述两种控制策略的本质区别.小信号模型分析结果、仿真和实验结果都证实,提出的直接功率控制策略比功率前馈控制策略有更好的抑制母线电压波动的能力.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J.KOMATHI
2015-04-01
Full Text Available The fly back converter has been widely used for multi outputs due to the simple structure and low cost in low-power applications. This paper presents a new multi output converter. It consists of a half-bridge inverter with boost converter in primary side and a fly back rectifier that is integrated with an auxiliary buck converter in secondary side. The boost converter is used to generate high voltage dc from Low voltage PV cells. The primary switches control the main output voltage and the secondary synchronous switches control the auxiliary output voltage. The main advantages of the proposed converter are that the transformer size can be reduced due to the less magnetizing offset current, all the power switches including synchronous ones can achieve the zero-voltage switching (ZVS and it has no output cross regulation problems. The circuit is simulated using MATLAB. The performance is verified with simulation results.
Analysis of current-bidirectional buck-boost based switch-mode audio amplifier
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bolten Maizonave, Gert; Andersen, Michael A. E.; Kjærgaard, Claus
2011-01-01
The following studdy was carried out in order to assses quantitatively the performannce of the buck--boost converter whhen used as swiitch-mode audio amplifier. It comprises of, to beggin with, the de limitation of design criteria bassed on the state of-the-art solution, which is based...... in a differential mode buckbased amplifier with a boost converter as power supply. The averaged switch modelling of the differential mode current bidirectional topology is also used, in order to analyze the steady state and frequency-wise behaviour of this converter and parameterize it to meet the design criteria...... in such configuration when applied for audio....
Buck-Boost Converter Control Based on Port-Controlled Hamiltonian Theory%基于端口受控哈密顿方法的Buck-Boost变换器控制
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王勇; 于海生
2007-01-01
应用一种新的端口受控哈密顿(PCH)系统方法,研究了Buck-Boost变换器的建模与PWM控制问题.首先,建立了Buck-Boost变换器的PCH系统数学模型.然后,利用互联和阻尼配置的能量成形方法,给出了Buck-Boost变换器的反馈镇定原理.根据其稳态特性确定了系统期望的平衡点,分析了Buck-Boost变换器平衡点的稳定性,最后设计了控制器.仿真结果表明,该控制器具有很好的性能和应用前景.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
屈鲁
2013-01-01
为解决无源性控制时Buck-Boost变换器电压与电流过冲的问题,在无源性控制的基础上加入滑模控制.通过建立Buck-Boost变换器的欧拉-拉格朗日(E-L)模型,可以得到Buck-Boost变换器的无源性控制规律.在此基础上,结合滑模控制原理,设计Buck-Boost变换器的无源滑模控制器.在Matlab环境下,进行Buck-Boost变换器无源滑模控制的动态仿真.仿真结果表明,Buck-Boost变换器的无源滑模控制对电源扰动、负载扰动具有很强的鲁棒性,且动态响应速度快,能够解决无源性控制电压与电流过冲的问题.
A Non-isolated Bidirectional Three-port Buck-Boost Converter%一种非隔离双向三端口升降压变换器
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张君君; 吴红飞; 曹锋; 朱励厉; 邢岩
2014-01-01
A non-isolated three-port bidirectional DC-DC converter and its power control were proposed. The converter was derived from three bidirectional Buck/Boost switching cells cascaded with each other with DC-link capacitor removed. Compared with conventional solution of multiple bidirectional converters connected with a shared common DC bus, the proposed converter has the advantage of reduced size, lower cost and better reliability from DC-link capacitor eliminated, and it also greatly improved the efficiency and power density from single-stage step-up/-down conversion between any two of the multiple ports. The operational principles were analyzed in detail with power control and PWM strategy given. Finally, the topology and analysis were verified with the experimental results.%提出一种非隔离双向三端口升降压变换器拓扑及其功率控制策略。该变换器由3个双向Buck/Boost开关单元不通过直流母线电容级联组合而成；相对于传统多个变换器通过公共直流母线连接的解决方案，该变换器完全消除了中间母线电容，可减小变换器体积、重量和成本，提高系统可靠性，且任意两个端口之间均为单级升降压变换，大大提高了变换器的变换效率和功率密度。详细分析变换器的工作原理，给出相应的脉宽调制(pulse width modulation，PWM)和功率控制策略，最后通过实验验证理论分析的正确性。
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2016-01-01
为了分析船用电流控制型Buck-boost变换器的分岔非线性动力学行为,首先推导一种描述船用Buck-boost变换器分岔行为演化过程的非线性迭代映射模型,然后采用雅可比矩阵来确定Buck-boost变换器首次出现失稳的分岔点,最后进行了不同分岔参数的仿真试验.仿真试验结果表明了理论推导模型的正确性,并且可有效预测首次出现的分岔点.
混沌态电流模式Buck-Boost开关变换器的OGY控制%OGY Control of the Chaotic Current Mode Buck-Boost Switching Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王利清; 魏学业; 温伟刚; 谢涛
2005-01-01
从电流模式Buck-Boost开关变换器周期-1状态的频闪采样离散时间迭代映射数学模型出发,提出了一种混沌态电流模式Buck-Boost开关变换器吸引子中不稳定周期-1轨道的确定方法.根据OGY控制的原理和思想,推导出OGY控制矢量的取值范围,以此为依据选择控制矢量,实现了对混沌态的电流模式Buck-Boost开关变换器相空间中的一条不稳定周期-1轨道的稳定控制.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵益波; 罗晓曙; 唐国宁; 翁甲强
2005-01-01
首先建立了电流反馈型buck-boost变换器的精确离散化模型,然后研究了变换器在不连续模式下的非线性动力学行为.通过研究发现:电流反馈型Buck-Boost变换器在不连续模式下,出现了特有的分岔和混沌现象.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张小平; 尹翔; 刘士亚
2014-01-01
进行了将采用双闭环控制的Buck-Boost矩阵变换器用于异步电机调速系统控制的研究,设计了基于Buck-Boost矩阵变换器的异步电机调速控制策略.该策略根据异步电机的给定转速,基于矢量控制原理获得异步电机对应的输入电压,并以该电压作为Buck-Boost矩阵变换器的参考输出电压,再通过对Buck-Boost矩阵变换器采用双闭环控制策略使其实际输出电压与其参考输出电压保持一致,从而实现异步电机的实际转速对给定转速的准确跟踪,达到准确控制异步电机转速的目的.该控制策略的控制效果通过仿真得到了验证.仿真分析结果表明,异步电机采用基于Buck-Boost矩阵变换器的调速控制策略可取得良好的动态和稳态性能以及四象限运行特性,因而具有较好的应用价值.
Buck-Boost Current-Source Inverters With Diode-Inductor Network
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gao, Feng; Liang, Chao; Loh, Poh Chiang
2009-01-01
This paper presents a number of novel currentsource inverters (CSIs) with enhanced current buck-boost capability. By adding a unique diode-inductor network between the inverter circuitry and current-boost elements, the proposed buck-boost CSIs demonstrate a doubling of current-boost capability......, as compared with other recently reported buck-boost CSIs. For controlling the proposed CSIs, two modulation schemes are designed for achieving either optimized harmonic performance or minimized commutation count without influencing the inverter current buck-boost gain. These theoretical findings were...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
毕玉春; 汪小锋; 刘立生
2010-01-01
为了深入研究具有斜坡补偿的Buck-Boost变换器的碰撞分岔现象及混沌,导出了电流模式控制Buck-Boost变换器运行轨道转移时的两个边界方程,从而建立了具有两个边界的三段光滑非线性离散迭代二维映射方程,并通过数值仿真得到了输入电压、斜坡补偿电流的斜率和负载电阻R变化时的动力学行为分布图.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李磊; 金爱娟; 李少龙
2012-01-01
PWM型Buck-Boost功率变换器的频标可用于预测不同频率运行下的第一个分岔点.本论文首先推导出功率变换器新型频率的相关性.这是在高频工作下由仿真实验结果验证得到的.
Accelerated commutation for passive clamp isolated boost converters
2002-01-01
An efficient and cost effective bidirectional DC/DC converter reduces switch voltage stress via accelerated commutation allowing use of a low-cost passive clamp circuit in boost mode. The converter includes a primary circuit, transformer and secondary circuit. The primary circuit takes the form of a “full bridge converter,” a “push-pull converter,” or an “L-type converter.”. The primary circuit may include a dissipator such as a snubber circuit or small buck converter. A secondary side of the...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
谢玲玲; 龚仁喜; 王旷; 卓浩泽
2010-01-01
首先建立了电流反馈型Buck-Boost变换器在连续导电模式和不连续导电模式下的离散迭代数学模型,根据稳定性判据得出系统的稳定工作区域.在反馈系数K、输入电压V电感L等为分岔参数作用下,利用数值方法对Buck-Boost变换器中的非线性行为进行了详细的仿真研究.仿真研究和理论分析的结果吻合得很好,研究结果表明:Buck-Boost变换器在这两种工作模式下都是强非线性的,运行时会呈现出分岔、混沌等非线性现象.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李奇南; 凌跃胜
2006-01-01
该文详细介绍了注吸电流法的建模思想和步骤,并应用注吸电流法建立了工作在电感电流断续(DCM)模式下的Buck-Boost变换器数学模型.对Buck-Boost变换器及其PI调节器构成的闭环控制系统进行了分析研究.应用Simulink\\SimPowerSystem模块,建立了该系统的Matlab仿真模型,并进行了相应的仿真分析.仿真结果表明,所得Buck-Boost变换器数学模型的精确性和可用性可以满足要求,能够真实反映该系统的动、静态性能.满意的仿真结果与理论分析取得了一致,验证了该模型的正确性.
基于模型的Buck-Boost变换器协同无源控制%The Model-Based Synergetic and Passivity Control of Buck-Boost Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李红梅; 叶帮红
2016-01-01
为了改善Buck-Boost变换器的动态性能和静态性能,基于无源控制实现变换器电感电流期望值的实时观测,再与协同控制相结合得出控制律,提出了协同无源控制的Buck-Boost变换器实现其高性能控制并使之兼具强鲁棒性.为了简化控制器结构,选取协同控制宏变量时未引入积分环节,易于实时实现.最后,采用基于模型设计的开发流程和自动代码生成技术,开发协同无源控制的Buck-Boost变换器样机,通过系统的仿真研究和样机的实验测试,验证该变换器的动态和静态控制性能.
Studies of Interleaved DC-DC Boost Converters with Coupled Inductors
2011-04-01
power density requirements, interleaved buck and boost converters have been studied in recent years for their potential to improve power converter ...duty ratio of switch S1. Figure 1: Conventional DC-DC Boost Converter Topology (1) Vout/Vin...interleaved DC-DC boost converters with coupled inductors. Included are discussions on a 10kW prototype, a 2kW high temperature prototype, and two 2kW
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨晨; 谢少军; 毛玲; 秦岭
2014-01-01
在较高输入电压应用场合,采用同步控制的双管Buck-Boost变换器存在较大的开关损耗,而单管工作的双管Buck-Boost变换器又存在复杂的升降压过渡控制问题.分析了一种含有耦合电感的双管Buck-Boost变换器,介绍了该变换器在同步控制模式下的工作模态以及耦合电感抑制反向恢复损耗及减小开关损耗的原理,给出了耦合电感的设计方法,并在此基础上提出一种非同步控制模式,可以进一步减小磁性元件损耗.在设计输入相同的条件下,对两种模式下变换器电路参数计算进行了理论推导和实验比较.研究结果表明,相比同步模式,非同步模式不仅可以实现利用耦合电感降低二极管反向恢复损耗的作用,还可以减小耦合电感等效电流脉动量从而减小磁心损耗.同时该非同步模式在变换器升、降压过渡过程中只对一个开关管进行占空比调节,可以较好地实现升降压平滑过渡.
The PFC and Half-Bridge Output Circuit Based on Buck-Boost Converter%用Buck-Boost变换器实现PFC和半桥驱动输出
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
潘飞蹊; 陈星弼
2003-01-01
基于Buck-Boost变换器工作的基本原理,提出了一种功率因数校正(PFC)和半桥输出相结合的电路结构;并给出了相应的控制方式.理论分析求出了电感取值的边界条件.由于该电路能够实现降压输出,因而降低了对所有功率开关管的耐压要求.
无源无损软开关在Buck-Boost变换器中的应用%The Application of Passive Lossless Soft-switch in Buck-Boost Converters
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵玉峰; 崔文君; 王旭
2010-01-01
详细分析一种基于Buck-Boost变换器的无源无损电路单元,仅通过在变换器中附加一些无源元件实现了开关管的零电流导通和零电压关断,并将缓冲元件的能量回馈给变换器的输入输出端,达到了无损的效果.示出最优参数的方法,而且相比有源电路,该缓冲电路单元结构简单、控制方便、可靠性更高,并能在软开关的情况下保持开关管的最小电压应力,并与传统的Buck-Boost变换器进行比较,验证其具有更高的效率.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李小峰; 戴栋; 马西奎
2003-01-01
在不连续运行模式条件下,建立了分析电流反馈型Buck-Boost变换器中的分岔行为和混沌过程的分段离散迭代映射方程,得到了以输入电压E为参数的分岔图和相图.数值结果表明,工作于不连续模式下的电流反馈型Buck-Boost变换器会出现特有的一些非光滑分岔现象.例如,与光滑系统中典型的倍周期分岔不同的是,在周期1到周期2的倍周期分岔点附近,周期2轨道分枝不垂直于周期1轨道分枝,并且直接经周期6到达混沌态.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
肖华锋; 谢少军
2010-01-01
双管Buck-Boost变换器拥有输入输出电压同极性和可升降压等特性,适合于两级式光伏并网逆变器中前级直流变换,但其同步开关方式需要较大的储能电感,且组合式开关方式控制电路复杂、实现工作模式无缝切换较困难.提出一种交错开关型双管Buck-Boost变换器,可使储能电感最小、控制电路简单,并实现无工作模式切换.分析了该变换器的工作原理和特性,比较3种开关方式下几个主要特性的优劣.最后通过一台3kW两级式并网逆变器,验证了所提变换器工作原理的正确性.
Two phase interleaved buck converter for driving high power LEDs
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Beczkowski, Szymon; Munk-Nielsen, Stig
2011-01-01
increases luminous efficacy of LED compared to PWM dimmed system. Because of the low dynamic resistance of LEDs the duty cycle of the converter does not change greatly with controlled current. By setting the input voltage of the buck converter to around twice the voltage of diode strings, converter can...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵犇; 马瑞卿
2015-01-01
单周期控制由于其动态响应好、抗干扰性强、控制电路实现简单,被广泛运用在传统Boost类PFC变换器中.针对一种新型的无桥Buck-Boost PFC变换器拓扑,研究了单周期控制与传统平均电流控制在该类型拓扑中的应用.通过原理分析,证明了在无桥类拓扑中单周期控制可以避免平均电流控制所必须采用的输入电压检测,其电路实现更容易,成本更低廉;同时,通过仿真验证了单周期控制比平均电流控制的动态响应更快.证明了在无桥Buck-Boost类PFC变换器中,单周期控制比平均电流控制更具优势,性价比更高.
A Novel Average Model for Unified Buck-Boost DC/DC Converter%一种新型的升-降压型直流变换器电路仿真平均模型
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
康婉莹; 沈淼森; 钱江; 钱照明
2001-01-01
提出了一种新型的单开关升-降压式(Buck-Boost)直流变换器的电路仿真平均模型.这种模型可通过输入参数的选择实现对Buck-Boost电路的电压控制、峰值及平均电流控制,以及对DCM-CCM工作方式的统一.它是一种实用的仿真模型,可方便地进行稳态和动态分析.在保证准确的基础上,大幅度提高了仿真的速度,通常比用实际器件开关电路的仿真速度提高两到三个数量级.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吴宇; 皇甫宜耿; 张琳; 周雒维
2015-01-01
在利用诸如风、光、氢等随机性新能源发电的过程中,由于间歇性的能量输入和不断变化的输出负载等原因,对电源变换器的鲁棒性设计提出了更高的要求.针对传统滑模控制变换器自身存在不可避免的抖颤问题,该文基于一种Super-Twisting高阶滑模控制算法,设计了以TMS320F28035为控制核心的无抖颤、强鲁棒滑模电源变换器.并以Buck-Boost变换器为例,针对随机性新能源发电中输入输出端存在的大扰动问题,与增量式PI控制效果进行对比实验.实验结果表明:高阶滑模控制变换器在输出负载大扰动下具有很强的鲁棒性;高阶滑模控制变换器在输入电压大扰动下同样具有很强的鲁棒性.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
希望·阿不都瓦依提; 晁勤; 王筱
2016-01-01
目前边缘农牧区采用风光互补发电，由于通过各自逆变器运行，存在成本高、能耗高等问题。提出采用双Boost-Buck单一逆变器结构实现风光储联合发电共用直流母线方案，达到降低投资成本和运行能耗的效果。首先设计了基于 V2控制双 Boost-Buck 变换器风光储联合发电的拓扑结构和电路，实现了输入电压在较宽范围内波动时输出电压仍然能够恒值控制的目标，同时采用电压斜坡补偿方法抑制了Boost-Buck电路自激振荡问题。接着基于蓄电池，制定了储能平抑风光波动、九宫分区跟随负荷、模糊充放电等控制策略，达到了风光储发电与逆变器无缝对接。其次基于风光储联合发电系统，进行了减小弃风光电量效益评估。最后基于风光储分布并网和孤岛离网控制模式，研发了软硬件装置，进行了仿真验证和试验测试。结果表明：逆变器输出电流具有良好的静、动态性能，同时实现了较好的经济性、有效性、稳定性和可靠性。%Wind and solar hybrid power generation is widely used in agricultural and pastoral areas. In current applications, each system uses independent inverters, which requires higher cost and energy consumption. In this paper, a common DC bus scheme with dual Boost-Buck based single inverter structure was proposed, to realize wind and solar hybrid power generation. The proposed scheme can reduce cost and energy consumption. Firstly, topological structure and circuit of wind-solar-storage cogeneration system were designed based on V2 controlled double Boost-Buck converter. Hence the constant voltage value control can be achieved when the input voltage varies in a wide range. At the same time, voltage slope compensation method was used to suppress the self-excited oscillation of Boost-Buck circuit. Secondly, a series of control strategies were designed to improve storage stability, including stabilizing
采用组合控制方案的双管升/降压变换器%Two-switch Boost-Buck converter with integrated control scheme
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
毛鹏; 童瑞婷
2014-01-01
分析了现有单相级联型Boost-Buck功率因数校正变换器的控制原理,并指出了其存在的不足,在此基础上提出一种新型组合控制方案.该方案在Boost工作模式下采用平均电流控制,在Buck工作模式下采用电荷控制.新型控制方案可以确保变换器不论在升压还是降压工作模式期间,都可实现良好的输入电流控制效果,达到功率因数校正的目的.通过原理样机实验,对理论分析的正确性和控制方案的有效性进行了验证.
Birchenough, Arthur G.
2003-01-01
Improvements in the efficiency and size of DC-DC converters have resulted from advances in components, primarily semiconductors, and improved topologies. One topology, which has shown very high potential in limited applications, is the Series Connected Boost Unit (SCBU), wherein a small DC-DC converter output is connected in series with the input bus to provide an output voltage equal to or greater than the input voltage. Since the DC-DC converter switches only a fraction of the power throughput, the overall system efficiency is very high. But this technique is limited to applications where the output is always greater than the input. The Series Connected Buck Boost Regulator (SCBBR) concept extends partial power processing technique used in the SCBU to operation when the desired output voltage is higher or lower than the input voltage, and the implementation described can even operate as a conventional buck converter to operate at very low output to input voltage ratios. This paper describes the operation and performance of an SCBBR configured as a bus voltage regulator providing 50 percent voltage regulation range, bus switching, and overload limiting, operating above 98 percent efficiency. The technique does not provide input-output isolation.
Computer Simulation Based Study of a Buck-Boost Circuit%基于计算机仿真的Buck-Boost电路研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王利清; 魏学业; 温伟刚
2004-01-01
Buck-Boost电路中含有丰富的非线性现象.它工作过程中电路拓扑结构的循环切换导致了谐波、分叉和混沌等非线性行为.基于PSPICE仿真,研究了电流控制DC/DC Buck-Boost开关转换器中的倍周期现象.而且,建立了开关转换器的数学模型和叠代映射来解释这种非线性现象.基于MATLAB仿真,从叠代映射中得到了系统分叉图.%A buck-boost circuit is rich in nonlinear dynamics. Its operation is characterized by cyclic switching of circuit topologies, which gives rise to a variety of nonlinear, such as subharmonics, bifurcation and chaos. Based on PSPICE, the period-doubling phenomena exhibited by a current-programmed DC/DC buck-boost switching converter are studied. Furthermore, the system model and the iterative map of the converter are derived to explain the nonlinear phenomena. Based on MATLAB, the numerical simulation with this iterative map has led to the bifurcation diagram.
Accurate Sliding-Mode Control System Modeling for Buck Converters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Høyerby, Mikkel Christian Wendelboe; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.
2007-01-01
This paper shows that classical sliding mode theory fails to correctly predict the output impedance of the highly useful sliding mode PID compensated buck converter. The reason for this is identified as the assumption of the sliding variable being held at zero during sliding mode, effectively mod...... approach also predicts the self-oscillating switching action of the sliding-mode control system correctly. Analytical findings are verified by simulation as well as experimentally in a 10-30V/3A buck converter.......This paper shows that classical sliding mode theory fails to correctly predict the output impedance of the highly useful sliding mode PID compensated buck converter. The reason for this is identified as the assumption of the sliding variable being held at zero during sliding mode, effectively...
Solar Photovoltaic Powered Sailing Boat Using Buck Converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Soumya Das
2015-03-01
Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to establish technical and economical aspects of the application of stand-alone photovoltaic (PV system in sailing boat using a buck converter in order to enhance the power generation and also to minimize the cost. Performance and control of dc-dc converter, suitable for photovoltaic (PV applications, is presented here. A buck converter is employed here which extracts complete power from the PV source and feeds into the dc load. The power, which is fed into the load, is sufficient to drive a boat . With the help of matlab simulink software PV module and buck model has been designed and simulated and also compared with theoretical predictions.
Accurate Modeling of Buck Converters with Magnetic-Core Inductors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Astorino, Antonio; Antonini, Giulio; Swaminathan, Madhavan
2015-01-01
In this paper, a modeling approach for buck converters with magnetic-core inductors is presented. Due to the high nonlinearity of magnetic materials, the frequency domain analysis of such circuits is not suitable for an accurate description of their behaviour. Hence, in this work, a timedomain...... model of buck converters with magnetic-core inductors in a SimulinkR environment is proposed. As an example, the presented approach is used to simulate an eight-phase buck converter. The simulation results show that an unexpected system behaviour in terms of current ripple amplitude needs the inductor core...
Analysis and design of an adaptive multi-loop controlled two winding buck/boost regulator
Mahmoud, M. F.; Lee, F. C.
1979-01-01
Small signal low frequency linear average model is derived for a multi-loop controlled two-winding buck/boost converter employing average techniques and the describing function method. The model reveals that a well-designed multi-loop control can provide a second-order zero adaptive to output filter parameter changes due to component tolerances, temperature changes, aging, and the effect of duty cycle modulation. It also can provide stabilization effect by shifting the positive zero to the left-half S-plane. Design guidelines are formulated to optimize regulator-loop dependent characteristics.
Analysis and design of an adaptive multi-loop controlled two winding buck/boost regulator
Mahmoud, M. F.; Lee, F. C.
1979-01-01
Small signal low frequency linear average model is derived for a multi-loop controlled two-winding buck/boost converter employing average techniques and the describing function method. The model reveals that a well-designed multi-loop control can provide a second-order zero adaptive to output filter parameter changes due to component tolerances, temperature changes, aging, and the effect of duty cycle modulation. It also can provide stabilization effect by shifting the positive zero to the left-half S-plane. Design guidelines are formulated to optimize regulator-loop dependent characteristics.
Average and Small Signal Modeling of Negative-Output KY Boost Converter in CCM Operation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Faqiang Wang
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Negative-output KY Boost converter, which can obtain the negative output voltage and could be driven easily, is a good topology to overcome traditional Boost and Buck-Boost converters and it is believed that this converter will be widely used in engineering applications in the future. In this study, by using the averaging method and geometrical technique, the average and small signal model of the negative-output KY Boost converter are established. The DC equilibrium point and transfer functions of the system are derived and analyzed. Finally, the effectiveness of the established model and the correctness of the theoretical analysis are confirmed by the circuit experiment.
Closed Loop Control of Soft Switched Interleaved Buck Converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Shenbagalakshmi
2012-06-01
Full Text Available Design, Modeling and Simulation of a closed loop control is presented for Interleaved Buck Converter with Soft Switching. The features of the closed loop system are to reduce the switching losses and load current sharing among the parallel connected converters. The control system of the converter is designed using PWM technique. In order to improve the transient response and dynamic stability of the converters, the controller parameters are designed based on current mode control. Resonant components thus designed enable the application of zero current switching for both the converters connected in parallel thereby maintaining greater efficiency and minimizing voltage and current oscillations. The system analysis, design and performance are verified through simulation using MATLAB/Simulink environment. The simulation approach reveals the high speed dynamic performance of the closed loop system designed using robust PID controller. The laboratory prototype of the Buck converter is developed to verify the controller platform using PIC16F877A microcontroller.
Design & Implementation of Zero Voltage Switching Buck Converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A.Suresh Kumar
2014-09-01
Full Text Available Zero voltage switching (ZVS buck converter is more preferable over hard switched buck converter for low power, high frequency DC-DC conversion applications. In Zero voltage switching converter, turn on & turn off of a switch occurs at zero voltage that results in lower switching losses. In this converter soft switching is achieved by using resonant components. The optimal values of resonant components are determined by using electric functions derived from circuit configuration. This type of soft switched resonant converter offers very low electromagnetic interference (EMI.This study presents the circuit configuration with least components to realize highly efficient zero voltage switching resonant converter. It’s feasibility is confirmed with the developed proto type model and experimental results are verified.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
P. Gopal,
2015-11-01
Full Text Available The main objective of this concept is to examine the operation of fundamental buck-based three-phase singlestage ac–dc full-bridge converters. In this concept, the operation of this fundamental converter is explained and analyzed, and a procedure for the design of its key components is derived and demonstrated with an example and general concluding remarks comparing Buck-Based and Boost Based three Phase single-stage AC to DC full Bridge converters are made.
Power decoupling method for single phase differential buck converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Yao, Wenli; Tang, Yi; Zhang, Xiaobin
2015-01-01
The well-known inherent second-order ripple power in single phase converters imposes harmonic stress on the dc link, resulting in low efficiency and overheating issues. In order to avoid installing bulky electrolytic capacitors or LC filters in the dc-link, this paper presents a differential buck...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
程红丽
2001-01-01
文章提出了一种基于开关电容网络的boost-buck组合开关变换器，当其输入环节工作在不连续导电模式(DCM)时，具有功率因数校正(PFC)功能。详细分析了这类变换器的工作原理、临界条件、输入输出电压变比以及各器件的应力。实验结果与理论分析相符。
Decentralized Interleaving of Paralleled Dc-Dc Buck Converters: Preprint
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Johnson, Brian B [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Rodriguez, Miguel [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
2017-09-01
We present a decentralized control strategy that yields switch interleaving among parallel connected dc-dc buck converters without communication. The proposed method is based on the digital implementation of the dynamics of a nonlinear oscillator circuit as the controller. Each controller is fully decentralized, i.e., it only requires the locally measured output current to synthesize the pulse width modulation (PWM) carrier waveform. By virtue of the intrinsic electrical coupling between converters, the nonlinear oscillator-based controllers converge to an interleaved state with uniform phase-spacing across PWM carriers. To the knowledge of the authors, this work represents the first fully decentralized strategy for switch interleaving of paralleled dc-dc buck converters.
Stability Analysis of the Buck-Boost Type Solar Array Regulator
Yang, Jeong-Hwan; Yoon, Seok-Teak; Park, Hee-Sung; Park, Sung-Woo; Koo, Ja-Chun; Jang, Jin-Baek; Lee, Sang-Kon
2014-08-01
The SAR (Solar Array Regulator) is different from a general DC-DC Converter. The input of the SAR is connected to the solar array and the output is connected to the battery. So, the output voltage of the SAR is constant and the input voltage of the SAR is variable. And the solar array current which is the SAR input current is variable according to the solar array voltage. Therefore, the SAR is influenced by the electrical characteristic of the solar array. For these reasons, a small signal model for a general DC-DC converter cannot be applied to the SAR for the stability analysis. In this paper, the small signal model of the BUCK-BOOST type SAR (BBSAR) is introduced and its transfer functions are induced. Using small signal transfer functions, the stability analysis is performed and its results are compared to the simulation result.
A New Transformerless Single-Phase Buck-Boost AC Voltage Regulator
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
YALCIN, F.
2016-05-01
Full Text Available Voltage regulation is one of the important goals for electrical sources and consumers. In this paper a new transformerless single-phase AC voltage regulator based on buck-boost converter topology is presented. The regulator circuit has a simple structure using only two bidirectional active switches, one inductor and one capacitor. A closed loop control system is implemented for the proposed regulator operation. A control law depending on the instantaneous values of the regulator's real input and desired output voltage is obtained and supports the PI controller. The control law allows the controller to obtain efficient pulse width modulation (PWM switching duty ratio for the desired output voltage when the input voltage has surges or fluctuations and the output load is changed. An experimental laboratory setup has been implemented for the proposed AC voltage regulator. The obtained results demonstrate that the proposed topology is capable of and efficient for both bucking and boosting the input AC voltage to a high quality output voltage with a low total harmonic distortion (THD for different input voltage and load conditions.
Nine Level Inverter with Boost Converter from Renewable Energy Source
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maruthu Pandiyan.R
2015-01-01
Full Text Available A new single phase nine level multilevel inverter is proposed. The input to the proposed nine level multilevel inverter is obtained from solar panel . The solar energy obtained from the solar panel is not constant and it varies with times. In order to maintain the constant voltage obtained from the solar panel the boost converter is used to maintain the constant output voltage using MPPT ( Perturb and observe algorithm algorithm. Then the buck boost converter output voltage is stored in the battery bank. Finally the battery energy is connected to the 9 level inverter circuits. The harmonics in the inverter is eliminated by using the fuzzy logic controller. The gate pulse for the multilevel inverter is given by the fuzzy logic controller which in turn reduces the harmonics in the inverter. Then the inverter output is connected to the grid are some application.
基于Matlab的Boost-Buck Chopper的建模与仿真%Modeling and simulation of Boost-Buck Chopper based on MATLAB
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孟庆波; 崔刚
2012-01-01
对Matlab进行了简单介绍,建立了IGBT的仿真模型,运用Matlab/Simulink和Power System工具对Boost- Buck Chopper进行建模、参数选择和仿真分析.与常规电路分析方法相比,该方法具有很大的优越性.%The paper takes a brief introduction to MATLAB, and establishes a simulation model ofIGBT. It uses Matlab/Simulink and Power System tools to model, chooses parameters and simulatesBoost-Buck Chopper. Compared with conventional circuit analysis methods, this method has greatadvantages.
A Dual-Buck–Boost AC/DC Converter for DC Nanogrid With Three Terminal Outputs
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Wu, Weimin; Wang, Houqing; Liu, Yuan
2017-01-01
such as the low-voltage ac power system. There are three typical grounding configurations for a dc nanogrid: the united grounding, the unidirectional grounding, and the virtual isolated grounding. Each grounding configuration has its own specifications to ac/dc converters. In this paper, a dual-buck-boost ac...
Stability Aspects in One-Cycle Controlled Buck Converters
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
GURBINA, M.
2014-02-01
Full Text Available The paper aims to investigate issues related to one cycle controlled buck converters stability, in the situation when the integration capacitor discharging is performed through a non-zero value resistor, as it happens in practice. It is known that in this case the exponential discharge makes capacitor voltage theoretically never reach zero. Under these conditions, instability phenomena are expected when the discharge time is short, that is at high duty cycles. The stability condition is analytically derived with respect to the control voltage. It is shown that instability occurs with period doubling leading to a half switching frequency subharmonic. Computer simulations confirm the validity of theoretical considerations.
基于四管同步升降压变换器汽车适配器设计%Automotive Adaptor based on Four Switchers Synchro Buck-Boost Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘松
2007-01-01
讨论了四管同步Buck-Boost升降压变换器的工作原理.这种变换器有同步降压Buck、降升压Buck-Boost、同步升压Boost三种工作模式.详细分析了输入和输出接近相等时,四管同步降压及升压Buck-Boost模式的工作原理.降压Buck-Boost模式中电感先深去磁,再短时间的深激磁,然后长时间的浅激磁;升压Buck-Boost模式中电感先深激磁,再短时间的深去磁,然后长时间的浅去磁,从而维持低纹波的输出电压调节.还介绍了具有12V/24V通用电池电压输入范围的汽车电池适配器的设计过程,讨论了电感的计算和选取方法,以及PCB的设计原则.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
成立业; 来新泉
2016-01-01
A novel current sensing technique with a rapidly transient and flexible mode buck‐boost converter is presented . The converter can work in an appropriate mode according to the input voltage ( VIN ) and inductor current ( IL ) , with smooth transition and flexible working modes achieved . The average current sensing ( AVCS ) circuit has an accurate measurement of IL . The transient response time is also decreased . The current sensing converter is implemented in the Silterra 0.18μm COMS process . Experimental results show 95% peak efficiency at an output current 1 A with 4.2 V VIN , so that the converter can extend the battery life . The output transient with the load current altering from 0 to 2 A is 6 mV and the recovery time is 60μs .%描述了一种新颖的高效多工作模式可快速响应的电流模升压降压型转换器．转换器有灵活的工作模式，电路可以根据输入电压和电感电流的变化来选择工作模式，并且各种工作模式可以平稳转换．平均电流感应模块可以很精确地量测出电感电流．负载瞬态响应时间较其他转换器有降低．这款电流模转换器使用Silterra 0.18μm CMOS工艺流片．实验结果显示，在4.2 V输入电压、1 A负载电流条件下，转换器的最大效率达95％，因此，使用该转换器可以延长供电电池使用寿命．输出从空载到2 A切换时，输出电压变化为6 m V ，恢复时间为60μs ．
Half Load-Cycle Worked Dual Buck-Boost Single-Stage Inverter%半周控制双Buck-Boost单级逆变器
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
嵇保健; 洪峰
2011-01-01
本文提出了一种新颖的双Buck-Boost单级逆变器。单级式逆变器相比传统的两级式逆变器,拓扑结构大大简化,减小了体积重量,降低了损耗,在中小功率场合中的应用具有明显的优势。同时传统单级逆变器不能直接实现升压逆变,在输入母线电压较低时必须增加前级升压电路。针对以上情况,本文通过将两个Buck-Boost电路采用输入串联、输出并联的方式组合,得到一种新型的双Buck-Boost逆变器,并采用半周工作方式使其正常可靠工作,可实现单级直接升压逆变。文中对该电路的工作原理和控制策略进行了详细的分析。仿真和实验验证了新型电路的可行性。该电路在输入母线电压低于输出电压的宽电压范围内均能正常逆变,并取得了较好的波形质量和较高的变换效率。%A novel half load-cycle worked dual Buck-Boost single-stage inverter is presented in this paper.Compared with the traditional two-stage inverter,the single-stage inverter is smaller and lighter due to the structure is greatly simplified as well as the circuit components are reduced a lot.Direct boost DC-AC converter can not be realized by most traditional inverter,so one DC-DC converter has to be added in the front of traditional inverter when input bus voltage is low.In order to obtain one single-stage inverter which can make direct boost inverter come true,two Buck-Boost topologies are combined which are series-wound in input side and parallel connected in output side.Special half load-cycle control mode is used in this new inverter.No matter the input bus voltage is higher or lower than the output voltage,the new inverter works normally and reliably and the output waveform is good,the converter efficiency is high at the same time.Simulation and Experiment verifies those analysis.
Modelling and Simulation of Variable Frequency Synchronous DC-DC Buck Converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jeya Selvan Renius
2014-10-01
Full Text Available In this paper, novel small-signal averaged models for dc–dc converter operating at variable switching frequency are derived. This is achieved by separately considering the on-time and the off-time of the switching period. The derivation is shown in detail for a synchronous buck converter. The Enhanced Small Signal (ESSA Model is derived for the synchronous buck converter. The equivalent series inductance (ESL is also considered in this modelling. The buck converter model is also simulated in MATLAB and the result is also presented.
Topological Design and Modulation Strategy for Buck-Boost Three-Level Inverters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Teodorescu, Remus; Gao, F.; Blaabjerg, Frede;
2007-01-01
To date, designed topologies for dc-ac inversion with both voltage-buck and boost capabilities are mainly focused on two-level circuitries with extensions to three-level possibilities left nearly unexplored. Contributing to this area of research, this paper presents the design of a number of viable...
Pulse width modulated buck-boost five-level current source inverters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Blaabjerg, Frede; Gao, F.; Loh, P.C.;
2008-01-01
This paper presents new five-level current source inverters (CSIs) with voltage/current buck-boost capability. Being different from the existing multilevel CSI, the proposed CSIs were first designed to regulate the flowing path of dc input current by controlling two additional active switches, re...
Novel Family of modified qZS buck-boost multilevel inverters with reduced switch count
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Husev, Oleksandr; Strzelecki, Ryszard; Blaabjerg, Frede
2015-01-01
This paper describes a novel family of modified quasi-Z-source buck-boost multilevel inverters with reduced switch count. The inverters are derived by means of the modified inverter configuration with quasi-Z-source networks. The main benefits of the proposed solutions lie in the increased amount...
50 MHz dual-mode buck DC—DC converter
Zhang, Zhang; Xing, Wang; Wencheng, Yu; Ye, Tan; Yizhong, Yang; Guangjun, Xie
2016-08-01
A 50 MHz 1.8/0.9 V dual-mode buck DC—DC converter is proposed in this paper. A dual-mode control for high-frequency DC—DC converter is presented to enhance the conversion efficiency of light-load in this paper. A novel zero-crossing detector is proposed to shut down synchronous rectification transistor NMOS when the inductor crosses zero, which can decrease the power loss caused by reverse current and the trip point is adjusted by regulating IBIAS (BIAS current). A new logic control for pulse-skipping modulation loop is also presented in this paper, which has advantages of simple structure and low power loss. The proposed converter is realized in SMIC 0.18 μm 1-poly 6-metal mixed signal CMOS process. With switching loss, conduction loss and reverse current related loss optimized, an efficiency of 57% is maintained at 10 mA, and a peak efficiency of 71% is measured at nominal operating conditions with a voltage conversion of 1.8 to 0.9 V. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 61404043, 61401137), the Key Laboratory of Infrared Imaging Material and Detectors, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, CAS (Nos. IIMDKFJJ-13-06, IIMDKFJJ-14-03), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central University (No. 2015HGZX0026).
Integrated Circuit of CMOS DC-DC Buck Converter with Differential Active Inductor
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kaoutar Elbakkar
2011-11-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a new design of DC-DC buck converter (BC, which the spiral inductor is replaced by a differential gyrator with capacitor load (gyrator-C implemented in 0.18um CMOS process. The gyrator-C transforms the capacitor load (which is the parasitic capacitor of MOSFETS to differential active inductor DAI. The low-Q value of DAI at switching frequency of converter (few hundred kHz is boosted by adding a negative impedance converter (NIC. The transistor parameters of DAI and NIC can be properly chosen to achieve the desirable value of equivalent inductance L (few tens H, and the maximum-Q value at the switching frequency, and thus the efficiency of converter is improved. Experimental results show that the converter supplied with an input voltage of 1V, provides an output voltage of 0.74V and output ripple voltage of 10mV at 155 kHz and Q-value is maximum (#8776;4226 at this frequency.
Energy iteration model research of DCM Buck converter with multilevel pulse train technique
Qin, Ming; Li, Xiang
2017-08-01
According as the essence of switching converter is the nature of energy, the energy iteration model of the Multilevel Pulse Train (MPT) technique is studied in this paper. The energy iteration model of DCM Buck converter with MPT technique can reflect the control law and excellent transient performance of the MPT technique. The iteration relation of energy transfer in switching converter is discussed. The structure and operation principle of DCM Buck converter with MPT technique is introduced and the energy iteration model of this converter is set up. The energy tracks of MPT-control Buck converter and PT converter is researched and compared to show that the ratio of steady-state control pulse satisfies the expectation for the MPT technique and the MPT-controlled switching converter has much lower output voltage ripple than the PT converter.
Start Up Current Control of Buck-Boost Convertor-Fed Serial DC Motor
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yusuf SÖNMEZ
2009-02-01
Full Text Available Generally, DC motors are given preference for industrial applications such as electric locomotives, cranes, goods lifts. Because of they have high starting moment; they initially start with high current. This high start-up current must be decreased since it may damage windings of the motor and increases power consumption. It could be controlled by an appropriate driver system and controller. The nature of fuzzy logic control has adaptive characteristics that can achieve robust response to a system with uncertainty, parameter variation, and load disturbance. In this paper, fuzzy logic based control of start-up current of a Buck-Boost Converter fed serial DC motor is examined through computer simulation. In order to see the advantages of fuzzy logic control, classical PI control has applied to the same motor, under same circumstances and has been compared. C++ Builder software has been used for the simulation. According to the simulation results, plainly, fuzzy logic control has stronger responses than classical PI control and uses lower current at starting moment.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘宇
2004-01-01
详细分析了用BUCK-BOOST实现电路功率因数校正的原理和变换过程,并给出了BUCK-BOOST电路的Matlab仿真分析的模型.通过对变换器工作在DCM模式下的电路仿真,验证了此方法的良好效果.
Reliability-Oriented Design of LC Filter in Buck DC-DC Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Liu, Yi; Huang, Meng; Wang, Huai;
2015-01-01
State-of-the-art LC filter design of buck DC-DC converter is based on the specifications of voltage and current ripples and constrains in power density and cost. Since lifetime is an important performance factor in reliability critical applications, this digest proposes a method to optimize...... an optimized LC filter design to fulfill the required lifetime. The theoretical analysis and simulation study are presented which are verified by the experimental results from a buck converter prototype....
The Model and Quadratic Stability Problem of Buck Converter in DCM
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Li Xiaojing
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Quadratic stability is an important performance for control systems. At first, the model of Buck Converter in DCM is built based on the theories of hybrid systems and switched linear systems primarily. Then quadratic stability of SLS and hybrid feedback switching rule are introduced. The problem of Buck Converter’s quadratic stability is researched afterwards. In the end, the simulation analysis and verification are provided. Both experimental verification and theoretical analysis results indicate that the output of Buck Converter in DCM has an excellent performance via quadratic stability control and switching rules.
Buck Converter with Soft-Switching Cells for PV Panel Applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cheng-Tao Tsai
2016-03-01
Full Text Available In power conversion of photovoltaic (PV energy, a hard-switching buck converter always generates some disadvantages. For example, serious electromagnetic interference (EMI, high switching losses, and stresses on an active switch (metal-oxide-semiconductor-field-effect-transistor, MOSFET, and high reverse-recovery losses of a freewheeling diode result in low conversion efficiency. To release these disadvantages, a buck converter with soft-switching cells for PV panel applications is proposed. To create zero-voltage-switching (ZVS features of the active switches, a simple active soft-switching cell with an inductor, a capacitor, and a MOSFET is incorporated into the proposed buck converter. Therefore, the switching losses and stresses of the active switches and EMI can be reduced significantly. To reduce reverse-recovery losses of a freewheeling diode, a simple passive soft-switching cell with a capacitor and two diodes is implemented. To verify the performance and the feasibility of the proposed buck converter with soft-switching cells for PV panel applications, a prototype soft-switching buck converter is built and implemented by using a maximum-power-point-tracking (MPPT method. Simulated and experimental results are presented from a 100 W soft-switching buck converter for PV panel applications.
Nonlinear Phenomena and Resonant Parametric Perturbation Control in QR-ZCS Buck DC-DC Converters
Hsieh, Fei-Hu; Liu, Feng-Shao; Hsieh, Hui-Chang
The purpose of this study is to investigate the chaotic phenomena and to control in current-mode controlled quasi-resonant zero-current-switching (QR-ZCS) DC-DC buck converters, and to present control of chaos by resonant parametric perturbation control methods. First of all, MATLAB/SIMULINK is used to derive a mathematical model for QR-ZCS DC-DC buck converters, and to simulate the converters to observe the waveform of output voltages, inductance currents and phase-plane portraits from the period-doubling bifurcation to chaos by changing the load resistances. Secondly, using resonant parametric perturbation control in QR-ZCS buck DC-DC converters, the simulation results of the chaotic converter form chaos state turn into stable state period 1, and improve ripple amplitudes of converters under the chaos, to verify the validity of the proposes method.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王立国; 徐殿国; 张华强; 苗立杰; 郎永强
2005-01-01
以DC-DC Buck-Boost开关变换器在变速恒频风力发电中的实际应用为研究背景,给出了对Buck-Boost变换器进行动力学建模与应用经典电路分析相结合的变换器母线电容参数设计方法.首先基于Buck-Boost变换器拓扑结构建立精确的数学模型,再根据此模型参数摄动的动力学仿真来判断应用经典电路分析法所获得的变换器参数的可行性,进而给出合理的参数取值.仿真与实验结果验证了所提出的Buck-Boost变换器参数设计方法的正确性.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王建华; 张方华; 龚春英
2014-01-01
提出了双向功率流动场合的PWM Switch模型,同时选取典型的Buck/Boost双向变换器作为评估平台.小信号分析结果表明,Buck/Boost双向直直变换器通过仅控制Buck模式主控管可以对电池充放电模式进行切换.其提供了对变换器稳态及动态性能研究的一种快速仿真方法.基于改进PWM Switch模型及器件级电路的详尽仿真对比验证了模型的精确性.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jakobsen, Lars Tønnes; Garcia, O.; Oliver, J. A.
2008-01-01
The efficiency of an interleaved Buck converter is typically low at light load conditions because of the switching losses in each of the switching stages. Improvements in the converter efficiency can be achieved by dynamically changing the number of active phases depending on the load current...
Two-Phase Interleaved Buck Converter with a new Digital Self-Oscillating Modulkator
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jakobsen, Lars Tønnes; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.
2007-01-01
for traditional digital PWM modulators given a certain switching frequency. A synchronised version of the DiSOM modulator is derived for interleaved converters. A prototype interleaved Buck converter for Point of Load applications has been designed and built to test the performance of DiSOM modulator. The Di...
Analysis of Discharge Spark Energy in Buck Converter of a Continuous Mode of Inductive Current
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CUI Bao-chun; CHENG Hong; WANG Cong; LU Huan-yu; SHI Yun
2006-01-01
The basic idea of intrinsically safe circuit and the discharge spark in the Buck converter in the explosive atmospheres were introduced. The Buck converter is the main topological structure of the switch type of intrinsically safe circuit, which has two working modes: continuous inductive current (CCM - continuous conduction mode) and discrete inductance current (DCM - discontinuous conduction mode). The operating state of the continuous inductive current mode is analyzed in detail and the energy of discharge spark in various operating modes is discussed. The total energy will decrease with the increase of switch frequency, in a switching cycle; the discharge spark energy has a maximum and a minimum value. Therefore, the Buck converter has smaller discharge spark energy than the linear power circuit and the switch type of intrinsically safe circuit can enhance the output power and the conversion efficiency of the intrinsically safe power.
Application of Theory of Hybrid Systems to Control the Switching of Buck Converter
Benmiloud, Mohammed
2013-08-01
The field of power electronics poses challenging control problems that can’t be treated in a complete manner using traditional modeling. In this paper, the buck converter operating in Continuous Conduction Mode (CCM) is represented analytically by hybrid automaton model and graphically representation is also given. The hybrid trajectory and the model behavior are presented. The control problem of buck switching converters is transformed to a guard selection problem. The guard selection calculation formulas of buck converter are derived from the basic circuit laws. The stability of the switching is established analytically by the use of multiple Lyapunov functions to ensure the convergence and Poincare map to assess the local stability of the limit cycle. Numerical results clearly bring out the advantages and effectiveness of the proposed control law under varying line voltage and load conditions. Simulation studies are carried out in Matlab/Simulink/Stateflow.
Single stage buck-boost DC-AC neutral point clamped inverter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mo, Wei; Loh, Poh Chiang; Andrew, A.;
2012-01-01
This paper proposes a new single stage buck-boost DC-AC neutral point clamped inverter topology which integrates the cascaded configurations of recently introduced inductor-capacitor-capacitor-transformer impedance source network (by Adamowicz) and classic NPC configuration. As a consequence...... windings thus preventing the core from saturation; lowers the voltage stresses and power losses of inverter switches and reduces the sizes of filtering devices and as well as obtains better output performance compared to the original two-level Z-source inverters. A phase disposition pulse width modulation...
Finite-time control of DC-DC buck converters via integral terminal sliding modes
Chiu, Chian-Song; Shen, Chih-Teng
2012-05-01
This article presents novel terminal sliding modes for finite-time output tracking control of DC-DC buck converters. Instead of using traditional singular terminal sliding mode, two integral terminal sliding modes are introduced for robust output voltage tracking of uncertain buck converters. Different from traditional sliding mode control (SMC), the proposed controller assures finite convergence time for the tracking error and integral tracking error. Furthermore, the singular problem in traditional terminal SMC is removed from this article. When considering worse modelling, adaptive integral terminal SMC is derived to guarantee finite-time convergence under more relaxed stability conditions. In addition, several experiments show better start-up performance and robustness.
Bifurcation and Chaos in a Pulse Width modulation controlled Buck Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kocewiak, Lukasz; Bak, Claus Leth; Munk-Nielsen, Stig
2007-01-01
by a system of piecewise-smooth nonautonomous differential equations. The research are focused on chaotic oscillations analysis and analytical search for bifurcations dependent on parameter. The most frequent route to chaos by the period doubling is observed in the second order DC-DC buck converter. Other...... bifurcations as a complex behaviour in power electronic system evidence are also described. In order to verify theoretical study the experimental DC-DC buck converter was build. The results obtained from three sources were presented and compared. A very good agreement between theory and experiment was observed....
Steady-state analysis of dead-time effect on bidirectional buck converters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bidoggia, Benoit; Maheshwari, Ram Krishan; Nielsen, Rasmus Ørndrup
2012-01-01
Half-bridge inverters, full-bridge inverters and bidirectional buck converters share a common topological structure, in which two switches and two diodes are present. In such a topology, a dead time between the two signals controlling the switches is inserted. This influences the relationship...... proposed. However, the measurement of the current is normally required for all dead-time compensation strategies, which can be a problem when the current approaches or crosses zero. In this paper, the operation of a bidirectional buck converter in the region around zero current has been analytically...
Basic MOSFET Based vs Couple-coils Boost Converters for Photovoltaic Generators
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pierre Petit
2014-02-01
Full Text Available Considering the optimization of a photovoltaic system, several studies show the advantage in the choice of a distributed structure. For such structures small power converters such as the boosts and buck converters appear as most appropriate. We have analysed the efficiency of small power boost-converters especially dedicated for photovoltaic energy conversion systems working in the middle and high voltage ranges. The setup studied is a photovoltaic generator connected to an AC grid working in 230 Volts via an inverter. More over, we considered the possibility of multiple electrical energy sources as photovoltaic, wind systems in the same energy production system, which obliged an adaptive converter structure. We evaluated the losses in the various stages of a boost converter and point out the importance of the power MOSFET used as the commutation element. New transistors databases obtained from manufacturers show the nonlinear dependency between the resistance drain-source when passing, Rdson and the maximum rating voltage when the transistor is off, Vdsmax, for all transistor families. Thus nonlinear dependency induces a huge increase of losses with the voltage in the MOSFET, and as a direct consequence in the converter the more as Vdsmax is higher. In order to minimize losses of the converter we have designed and realized a new high efficiency version of a Step-Up structure based on a commutation element integrating a low Vdsmax voltage MOSFET and very low Rdson.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Yang, Xi-jun; Qu, Hao; Yao, Chen
2014-01-01
As for high power plasma power supply, due to high efficiency and flexibility, multi-channel interleaved multi-stage paralleled Buck DC-DC Converter becomes the first choice. In the paper, two-channel interleaved two- stage paralleled Buck DC-DC Converter powered by three-phase AC power supply...
Simulation and Implementation a Non-Isolated Buck Converter at ZCS Condition
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nahid Hematian
2013-10-01
Full Text Available A new soft-switching resonant inverting-buck converter with high efficiency is presented. The proposed converter steps down and inverts the input voltage. The zero-current-switching (ZCS technique is employed to reduce switching losses and Electromagnetic Interferences (EMI. An LLC resonant network is utilized to provide soft-switching conditions for all semiconductor devices. Experimental results verify the integrity of the proposed converter operation and the presented theoretical analysis.
Integrated power electronic converters and digital control
Emadi, Ali; Nie, Zhong
2009-01-01
Non-isolated DC-DC ConvertersBuck ConverterBoost ConverterBuck-Boost ConverterIsolated DC-DC ConvertersFlyback ConverterForward ConverterPush-Pull ConverterFull-Bridge ConverterHalf-Bridge ConverterPower Factor CorrectionConcept of PFCGeneral Classification of PFC CircuitsHigh Switching Frequency Topologies for PFCApplication of PFC in Advanced Motor DrivesIntegrated Switched-Mode Power ConvertersSwitched-Mode Power SuppliesThe Concept of Integrated ConverterDefinition of Integrated Switched-Mode Power Supplies (ISMPS)Boost-Type Integrated TopologiesGeneral Structure of Boost-Type Integrated T
Design of a high efficiency 30 kW boost composite converter
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Hyeokjin [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Chen, Hua [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Maksimovic, Dragan [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Erickson, Robert W. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
2015-09-20
An experimental 30 kW boost composite converter is described in this paper. The composite converter architecture, which consists of a buck module, a boost module, and a dual active bridge module that operates as a DC transformer (DCX), leads to substantial reductions in losses at partial power points, and to significant improvements in weighted efficiency in applications that require wide variations in power and conversion ratio. A comprehensive loss model is developed, accounting for semiconductor conduction and switching losses, capacitor losses, as well as dc and ac losses in magnetic components. Based on the developed loss model, the module and system designs are optimized to maximize efficiency at a 50% power point. Experimental results for the 30 kW prototype demonstrate 98.5%peak efficiency, very high efficiency over wide ranges of power and voltage conversion ratios, as well as excellent agreements between model predictions and measured efficiency curves.
Pole placement method of controlling chaos in DC-DC buck converters
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zou Yan-Li; Luo Xiao-Shu; Chen Guan-Rong
2006-01-01
Based on the mechanism for the generation of chaos in a buck converter, a pole placement method is proposed and applied to controlling the chaos in a circuit. The control circuit is designed and tested. Numerical calculation and circuit implementation demonstrate the validity of this chaos control method.
Digital Implementation of Two Inductor Boost Converter Fed DC Drive
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G. Kishor
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The study deals w ith simulation and implementation of two inductor boost converter fed DC drive. The two inductor boost converter fed DC drive is simulated and implemented. The circuit has advantages like higher output voltage and improved power factor. The laboratory model is implemented and the experimental results are obtained. The experimental results were compared w ith the simulation results.
A Single Switch Dual Output Non-Isolated Boost Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Klimczak, Pawel; Munk-Nielsen, Stig
2008-01-01
very simple dual output non-isolated boost converter is presented. Single active switch is used to control both, positive and negative output voltages. The converter is desired to boost unregulated low input voltage 25-50 Vdc to regulated high voltage ±400 Vdc in dual dc-link. In this paper proposed...
Dynamics and stabilization of peak current-mode controlled buck converter with constant current load
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
冷敏瑞; 周国华; 张凯暾; 李振华
2015-01-01
The discrete iterative map model of peak current-mode controlled buck converter with constant current load (CCL), containing the output voltage feedback and ramp compensation, is established in this paper. Based on this model the com-plex dynamics of this converter is investigated by analyzing bifurcation diagrams and the Lyapunov exponent spectrum. The effects of ramp compensation and output voltage feedback on the stability of the converter are investigated. Experimental results verify the simulation and theoretical analysis. The stability boundary and chaos boundary are obtained under the theoretical conditions of period-doubling bifurcation and border collision. It is found that there are four operation regions in the peak current-mode controlled buck converter with CCL due to period-doubling bifurcation and border-collision bifur-cation. Research results indicate that ramp compensation can extend the stable operation range and transfer the operating mode, and output voltage feedback can eventually eliminate the coexisting fast-slow scale instability.
Design and realization of the BUCK converter based on anti-saturated PI controller
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
JIANG Lan
2013-02-01
Full Text Available A kind of anti-saturated digital PI regulator is designed and implemented based on DSP.This PI regulator was applied to the system design of voltage and current double-loop control in a BUCK converter and related experimental research was made in a 5.5 KW prototype machine.Experimental results show that the converter has good static and dynamic performances and the validity of the design of the PI regulator is verified.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pelan, Ovidiu; Cornea, Octavian; Muntean, Nicolae
2014-01-01
This paper presents and discusses design considerations and efficiency investigation of a conventional step-down and a hybrid switched-capacitor DC-DC converter. Three MOSFETs with low on-resistance have been tested for each converter in order to find the most adequate switch for this application...
A Novel Soft-Switching Synchronous Buck Converter for Portable Applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anup Kumar Panda
2008-01-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a zero-voltage-transition (ZVT pulse-width-modulated (PWM synchronous buck converter, which is designed to operate at low voltage and high efficiency typically required for portable systems. A new passive auxiliary circuit that allows the main switch to operate with zero-voltage switching has been incorporated in the conventional PWM synchronous buck converter. The operation principles and a detailed steady-state analysis of the ZVT-PWM synchronous converter implemented with the auxiliary circuit are presented. Besides, the main switch and all of the semiconductor devices operate under soft-switching conditions. Thus, the auxiliary circuit provides a larger overall efficiency. The feasibility of the auxiliary circuit is confirmed by simulation and experimental results.
LARGE SIGNAL DISCRETE-TIME MODEL FOR PARALLELED BUCK CONVERTERS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
As a number of switch-combinations are involved in operation of multi-converter-system, conventional methods for obtaining discrete-time large signal model of these converter systems result in a very complex solution. A simple sampled-data technique for modeling distributed dc-dc PWM converters system (DCS) was proposed. The resulting model is nonlinear and can be linearized for analysis and design of DCS. These models are also suitable for fast simulation of these networks. As the input and output of dc-dc converters are slow varying, suitable model for DCS was obtained in terms of the finite order input/output approximation.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yigeng Huangfu
2012-01-01
Full Text Available This paper mainly discussed a method of high-frequency second-order sliding mode control for Buck converter in wind power systems. Because the wind energy of nature is always unpredictable and intermittent, the robust control such as sliding mode control is adopted in past literatures. In order to remove the high frequency chattering problem when the traditional sliding mode achieves convergence, the second order sliding mode algorithm is reviewed firstly. Meanwhile, the Buck converter taken as a step-down converter is usually adopted in wind power system, because of its simple structure and good linearity. Under those conditions, the second order sliding mode controller is designed based on Buck converter, especially in high-power wind generation system. The experimental results illustrate that the theory of second order sliding mode can be used in high-power Buck converter. It provides one novel avoidance high frequency chattering method for the technology development of new energy generation system.
Extra-High-Voltage DC-DC Boost Converters Topology with Simple Control Strategy
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
K. Rajambal
2009-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents the topology of operating DC-DC buck converter in boost mode for extra-high-voltage applications. Traditional DC-DC boost converters are used in high-voltage applications, but they are not economical due to the limited output voltage, efficiency and they require two sensors with complex control algorithm. Moreover, due to the effect of parasitic elements the output voltage and power transfer efficiency of DC-DC converters are limited. These limitations are overcome by using the voltage lift technique, opens a good way to improve the performance characteristics of DC-DC converter. The technique is applied to DC-DC converter and a simplified control algorithm in this paper. The performance of the controller is studied for both line and load disturbances. These converters perform positive DC-DC voltage increasing conversion with high power density, high efficiency, low cost in simple structure, small ripples, and wide range of control. Simulation results along theoretical analysis are provided to verify its performance.
Isolated Boost Converter with Bidirectional Operation for Supercapacitor Applications
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hernandez Botella, Juan Carlos; Mira Albert, Maria del Carmen; Sen, Gökhan
2013-01-01
This paper presents an isolated bidirectional dc/dc converter based on primary parallel isolated boost converter (PPIBC). This topology is an efficient solution in low voltage high power applications due to its ability to handle high currents in the low voltage side. In this paper, the converter ...
Comparison of the Impedance-Source Networks for Two and Multilevel Buck-Boost Inverter Applications
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Husev, Oleksandr; Blaabjerg, Frede; Roncero-Clemente, Carlos
2016-01-01
Impedance-source networks are an increasingly popular solution in power converter applications, especially in single-stage buck–boost power conversion to avoid additional front-end dc–dc power converters. In the survey papers published, no analytical comparisons of different topologies have been...... described, which makes it difficult to choose the best option. Thus, the aim of this paper is to present a comprehensive analytical comparison of the impedance-source-based buck–boost inverters in terms of passive component count and semiconductor stress. Based on the waveform of the input current, i...... in the inductors and the voltage ripple across the capacitors. Two-level and multilevel solutions are described. The conclusions provide a “one-stop” information source and a selection guide of impedance-source-based buck–boost inverters for different applications....
Modelling and Simulation of Closed Loop Controlled Buck Converter Fed Pmbldc Drive System
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Dhanasekaran
2011-04-01
Full Text Available Permanent Magnet Brushless DC Motor (PMBLDC is one of the best electrical drives that has increasing popularity, due to their high efficiency, reliability, good dynamic response and very low maintenance. This makes the interest of modeling an ideal PMBLDC motor and it’s associated Drive System in simple and lucid manner. In this paper the drive system is proposed with a buck converter topology. It has the advantages of reduced switching losses, low inductor power loss, reduced ripple by using a pi-filter, which in turn makes the DC link voltage to be stable. The modeling and simulation of the PMBLDC motor is done using the software package MATLAB/SIMULINK. The operation principle of the buck converter is analyzed and the simulation results are presented in this paper to verify the theoretical analysis.
Informational model verification of ZVS Buck quasi-resonant DC-DC converter
Vakovsky, Dimiter; Hinov, Nikolay
2016-12-01
The aim of the paper is to create a polymorphic informational model of a ZVS Buck quasi-resonant DC-DC converter for the modeling purposes of the object. For the creation of the model is applied flexible open standards for setting, storing, publishing and exchange of data in distributed information environment. The created model is useful for creation of many and different by type variants with different configuration of the composing elements and different inner model of the examined object.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zamratul Fuadi
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Inverter merupakan perangkat elektronika daya yang berfungsi mengonversi sumber searah menjadi bolak-balik. Full bridge inverter adalah satu jenisnya yang mampu menghasilkan tegangan tiga tingkat jika menggunakan teknik modulasi unipolar. Penambahan sirkuit dual buck converter pada full bridge inverter mampu menghasilkan tegangan dalam lima tingkat. Dua saklar pada rangkaian dual buck converter switching pada frekuensi tinggi 20 kHz, sedangkan empat saklar pada full bridge inverter switching pada frekuensi rendah 50 Hz. Teknik modulasi in phase disposition PWM (PDPWM digunakan untuk mengatur penyalaan saklar dual buck converter. Keluaran inverter lima tingkat dibandingkan dengan tiga tingkat. Total harmonic distortion tegangan (THDV dan arus (THDi inverter lima tingkat bernilai 23.2281 % dan 23.0975 %, sedangkan inverter tiga tingkat sebesar 51.9302 % dan52.2458 %. Ketika daya 1004.08 watt disumbangkan ke jala-jala, inverter lima tingkat menghasilkan power factor senilai 0.99 dan THDi 4.1 %. Pada sumbangan daya yang sama, inverter tiga tingkat menghasilkan power factor sebesar 0.919 dan THDi bernilai 45.64 %.
Reliability-Oriented Optimization of the LC Filter Design of a Buck DC-DC Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Liu, Yi; Huang, Meng; Wang, Huai
2017-01-01
Lifetime is an important performance factor in the reliable operation of power converters. However, the state-of-the-art LC filter design of a buck DC-DC converter is limited to the specifications of voltage and current ripples and constrains in power density and cost without reliability...... considerations. This paper proposes a method to optimize the design of the LC filters from a reliability perspective, besides other considerations. An enhanced model is derived to quantify the lifetime of the capacitor in the filter considering the electro-thermal stress on it. Furthermore, the influence...
Bifurcation behaviours of peak current controlled PFC boost converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ren Hai-Peng; Liu Ding
2005-01-01
Bifurcation behaviours of the peak current controlled power-factor-correction (PFC) boost converter, including fast-scale instability and low-frequency bifurcation, are investigated in this paper. Conventionally, the PFC converter is analysed in continuous conduction mode (CCM). This prevents us from recognizing the overall dynamics of the converter. It has been pointed out that the discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) can occur in the PFC boost converter, especially in the light load condition. Therefore, the DCM model is employed to analyse the PFC converter to cover the possible DCM operation. By this way, the low-frequency bifurcation diagram is derived, which makes the route from period-double bifurcation to chaos clear. The bifurcation diagrams versus the load resistance and the output capacitance also indicate the stable operation boundary of the converter, which is useful for converter design.
A Novel High-power Input-parallel Output-series Buck-halfbridge Converter%一种新型大功率输入并联输出串联Buck半桥变换器
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杜青; 齐铂金; 张涛; 汪涛
2012-01-01
现有的升降压拓扑中双管Buck-Boost和双管Boost-Buck变换器较符合高效大功率场合的使用要求,前者结构简单,但电流纹波大;后者引入了2个电感,功率密度很难提高。提出了一种新型大功率并联输出串联Buck半桥变换器（input-parallel output-series Buck-halfbridge,IPOSBHB）,分析了IPOSBHB的电路结构、工作原理及基本关系,并从电压电流应力、磁性元件总体积、效率这3个方面与双管Boost-Buck变换器做了对比,提出了一种基于组合开关方式的控制策略,实现了升降压的模式切换和恒压、恒流的输出特性,最后通过1台15 kW样机对所提出的理论进行了验证。%Two-switch Buck-Boost and Boost-Buck converter are the most appropriate solutions for efficient high-power applications in existing topologies.The former structure is simple,whereas the current ripple is large.The latter introduces two inductors,thus the power density is difficult to improve.A novel high-power input-parallel output-series Buck-halfbridge（IPOSBHB） converter was proposed in this paper.The circuit structure,working principle and basic relations were analyzed.A comparison of IPOSBHB and Boost-Buck cascade converter was also elaborated including voltage and current stress,the total volume of magnetic components and efficiency.A combinatorial control strategy was proposed,thereby the Buck-Boost operation mode transition and constant voltage and current output characteristics were realized.The proposed theory is validated by a 15 kW prototype.
Boost Full Bridge Bidirectional DC/DC Converter for Supervised Aeronautical Applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alberto Cavallo
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The More Electrical Aircraft concept requires electronic devices able to efficiently and safely convert electrical power between different voltage levels. The entire realization of a bidirectional DC/DC converter, from design to validation phase, is here discussed in detail. First, a boost full bridge electrical structure is selected, adopting a Parallel Input Parallel Output (PIPO interleaving technique and an optimal turns ratio selection for the transformers in order to reduce both weight and size of the equipment. Next, modulation schemes in both step-down and step-up modes are discussed. Successively ad hoc PI regulators for both operative modes are presented. A key idea of the paper is that the converter behavior must be related not only to the control strategy but also to a global supervision logic able to safely conduct the converter operations and to react from external stimuli. Thus, a finite state machine (FSM approach is employed. An innovative strategy called buffer mode is presented, defined as an intelligent combination of buck and boost modes. Extensive simulations and experimental results are shown, in order to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
Single-Phase Direct AC-AC Boost Converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
LUCANU, M.
2014-08-01
Full Text Available The paper presents a single-phase direct AC-AC boost converter. The circuit of the converter is simple and it has good performances, irrespective of the load nature. The adequate functioning and high performance of the circuit (the efficiency and waveform of the absorbed input current were tested both by simulation and experimentally.
Primary Parallel Isolated Boost Converter with Bidirectional Operation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hernandez Botella, Juan Carlos; Mira Albert, Maria del Carmen; Sen, Gökhan
2012-01-01
This paper presents a bidirectional dc/dc converter operated with batteries both in the input and output. Primary parallel isolated boost converter (PPIBC) with transformer series connection on the high voltage side is preferred due to its ability to handle high currents in the low voltage side. ...
Zhang, Hao; Dong, Shuai; Guan, Weimin; Yi, Chuanzhi; He, Bo
In this paper, one-cycle compensation (OCC) method is proposed to realize adaptive control of fast-scale bifurcation in the peak current controlled buck-boost inverter because the proposed control method can adjust the slope of the integrator’s output voltage automatically through extracting a sinusoidal signal from the absolute value of the reference voltage. In order to reveal their underlying mechanisms of fast-scale bifurcations, a modified averaged model which can capture the sample-and-hold effect is derived in detail to describe the fast-scale dynamics of the buck-boost inverter. Based on the proposed model, a theoretical analysis is performed to identify both the fast-scale period-doubling bifurcation and the fast-scale Hopf one by judging in what way the poles loci move. It has been shown that the OCC method can be used not only to discover the unknown dynamical behaviors (i.e. fast-scale Hopf bifurcation), but also to enlarge the stable region in peak current controlled buck-boost inverter. In addition, the critical bifurcation angles and the parameter behavior boundary are given to verify the effectiveness of the adaptive bifurcation control method. Finally, PSpice circuit experiments are performed to verify the above theoretical and numerical results.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐文城; 刘尧; 王秀荣
2012-01-01
设计了一种宽输出电压的AC DC开关电源,其主要特征是输出电压可以在较大范围内任意调节,解决了传统的开关电源只能输出几个特定电压值的问题.该设计的核心是反激变换电路和Buck-Boost电路.分析了这两种电路的工作原理及其应用,并且给出了具体的设计.实验表明,设计的电源能较好地实现了输出电压的宽范围调节.%AC-DC switching power supply with a wide range voltage output was designed. Its main feature is that the output voltage can be adjusted in a wide range. The problem that the traditional switching power supplies only have few specific voltage outputs is solved in the design. The flyback convert circuit and Buck-Boost circuit are the cores of the design. The working principle and applications of these two circuits are analyzed. The concrete design is given in this paper. The experiments show that a wide range regulation of the output voltage has been more successfully achieved in the design of the power supply.
A low noise high efficiency buck DC-DC converter with sigma-delta modulation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cai Shujiang; Pi Changming; Yan Wei; Li Wenhong, E-mail: wenhongli@fudan.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of ASIC and Systems, Fudan University, Shanghai 201203 (China)
2011-07-15
Some research efforts to improve the efficiency and noise performance of buck DC-DC converters are explored. A carefully designed power MOSFET driver, including a dead time controller, discontinuous current mode (DCM) controller and gate width controller, is proposed to improve efficiency. Instead of PWM modulation, sigma-delta modulation is introduced into the feedback loop of the converter to move out the clock-referred harmonic spike. The proposed converter has been designed and fabricated by a 0.35 {mu}m CMOS process. Measured results show that the peak efficiency of the converter can reach 93% and sigma-delta modulation suppresses the harmonic spike by 30 dB over PWM modulation. (semiconductor integrated circuits)
Comparative Performance Analysis of Sliding Mode and Q-Controller Algorithms for Buck Converter
Pati, Nivedita
2017-08-01
The switched mode dc-dc converters are some of the simplest power electronic circuits which have received an increasing deal of interest in many areas due to their high efficiency and small size. These converters are non-linear and time-variant in nature; hence the analysis, control and stabilization are the main factors that need to be considered. Many control methodology are used for control of switch mode dc-dc converters but the optimum one is always in demand. This paper presents the linearization of the Buck converter model and a comparison between a linear and non-linear control algorithms for better output voltage regulation along with robustness to change in input voltage and load parameters. The computer –aided design software tool Matlab/Simulink is used for the simulations and the results are presented.
Isolated Boost Converter with Bidirectional Operation for Supercapacitor Applications
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hernandez Botella, Juan Carlos; Mira Albert, Maria del Carmen; Sen, Gökhan;
2013-01-01
This paper presents an isolated bidirectional dc/dc converter based on primary parallel isolated boost converter (PPIBC). This topology is an efficient solution in low voltage high power applications due to its ability to handle high currents in the low voltage side. In this paper, the converter ...... interconnecting two battery banks. A second prototype has been constructed and tested for supercapacitor operation in constant power charge mode....
Dynamics and stabilization of peak current-mode controlled buck converter with constant current load
Leng, Min-Rui; Zhou, Guo-Hua; Zhang, Kai-Tun; Li, Zhen-Hua
2015-10-01
The discrete iterative map model of peak current-mode controlled buck converter with constant current load (CCL), containing the output voltage feedback and ramp compensation, is established in this paper. Based on this model the complex dynamics of this converter is investigated by analyzing bifurcation diagrams and the Lyapunov exponent spectrum. The effects of ramp compensation and output voltage feedback on the stability of the converter are investigated. Experimental results verify the simulation and theoretical analysis. The stability boundary and chaos boundary are obtained under the theoretical conditions of period-doubling bifurcation and border collision. It is found that there are four operation regions in the peak current-mode controlled buck converter with CCL due to period-doubling bifurcation and border-collision bifurcation. Research results indicate that ramp compensation can extend the stable operation range and transfer the operating mode, and output voltage feedback can eventually eliminate the coexisting fast-slow scale instability. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61371033), the Fok Ying-Tung Education Foundation for Young Teachers in the Higher Education Institutions of China (Grant No. 142027), the Sichuan Provincial Youth Science and Technology Fund, China (Grant Nos. 2014JQ0015 and 2013JQ0033), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (Grant No. SWJTU11CX029).
A Comparison between Buck-Boost Inverter with and without Buffer Inductor
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Purwadi Agus Darwito
2012-05-01
Full Text Available The electric vehicle inverter requires an induction motor drive with a high output of voltage and current to reduce the number of batteries used and in turn reduce the vehicle’s weight. In this paper compared two single Phase BuckBoost Inverter (SPBBI, that is between the SPBBI conventional topology with SPBBI new topology uses a buffer inductor. The results of comparison are expected that the new inverter topology can strengthen the voltage greater than the conventional inverter topology. The inverter’s components of capacitor and inductor were reconfigured. The circuit was simulated for various carrier and signal frequencies with various load. The simulation results of the proposed topology compared with the simulation results of conventional topologies commonly used in a variety of frequency and load values. It is shown that the output voltage and current can be strengthened significantly, with a value of more than five times of the output voltage compared to the conventional inverter. The new inverter topology is useful to be implemented for the electric vehicle.
A novel single phase buck PFC converter in discontinuous capacitor voltage mode operation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
邓超平; 凌志斌; 叶芃生
2003-01-01
A novel single-phase Buck converter for power factor correction is proposed. It features simple control due to the constant duty ratio PWM used. It can obtain unity power factor by selecting a suitable LC filter at its input to force the voltage of capacitor to operate in discontinuous capacitor voltage mode. And by using another resonant LC filter at its output, it can not only eliminate the input current distortion at the vicinity of the zero crossing of the supply but also drastically reduce the 100 Hz output voltage ripple. The validity of analysis is confirmed by simulation results and experimental results.
Non-Smooth Bifurcation and Chaos in a DC-DC Buck Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
QIN Zhi-Ying; LU Qi-Shao
2007-01-01
A direct-current-dorect-current (DC-DC)buck converter with integrated load current feedback is studied with three kinds of Poicaré maps.The external corner-collision bifurcation occurs when the crossing number per period varies,and the internal corner-collision bifurcations occur along with period-doubling and period-tripling bifurcations in this model.The multi-band chaos roots in external corner-collision bifurcation and often grows into l-band chaos.A new kind of chaotic sliding orbits,which is more complex for non-smooth systems,is also found in this model.
Sensorless load torque estimation and passivity based control of buck converter fed DC motor.
Kumar, S Ganesh; Thilagar, S Hosimin
2015-01-01
Passivity based control of DC motor in sensorless configuration is proposed in this paper. Exact tracking error dynamics passive output feedback control is used for stabilizing the speed of Buck converter fed DC motor under various load torques such as constant type, fan type, propeller type, and unknown load torques. Under load conditions, sensorless online algebraic approach is proposed, and it is compared with sensorless reduced order observer approach. The former produces better response in estimating the load torque. Sensitivity analysis is also performed to select the appropriate control variables. Simulation and experimental results fully confirm the superiority of the proposed approach suggested in this paper.
Sensorless Load Torque Estimation and Passivity Based Control of Buck Converter Fed DC Motor
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. Ganesh Kumar
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Passivity based control of DC motor in sensorless configuration is proposed in this paper. Exact tracking error dynamics passive output feedback control is used for stabilizing the speed of Buck converter fed DC motor under various load torques such as constant type, fan type, propeller type, and unknown load torques. Under load conditions, sensorless online algebraic approach is proposed, and it is compared with sensorless reduced order observer approach. The former produces better response in estimating the load torque. Sensitivity analysis is also performed to select the appropriate control variables. Simulation and experimental results fully confirm the superiority of the proposed approach suggested in this paper.
Another look at Statics and Dynamics of Switching Power Converters
Sasaki, Seigo; Watanabe, Haruo
Three types of switching power supply, which are buck, boost, buck/boost converter, are statically and dynamically analysed. A framework of large signal analysis presents characteristics of converters which vary with operating points, and discusses a relationship between statics and dynamics. It is shown that boost and buck/boost converters substantially change their characteristics. There exists the operating points where for low frequencies the phases become -90° or -180° and the gains fall off to low values. The phenomenon is characterized by a zero of transfer function of the converter and also by the statics.
A current-mode DC-DC buck converter with adaptive zero compensation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yang Ling; Dai Guoding; Xu Chongwei; Liu Yuezhi
2013-01-01
To achieve fast transient response for a DC-DC buck converter,an adaptive zero compensation circuit is presented.The compensation resistance is dynamically adjusted according to the different output load conditions,and achieves an adequate system phase margin under the different conditions.An improved capacitor multiplier circuit is adopted to realize the minimized compensation capacitance size.In addition,analysis of the small-signal model shows the correctness of the mechanism of the proposed adaptive zero compensation technique.A currentmode DC-DC buck converter with the proposed structure has been implemented in a 0.35 μm CMOS process,and the die size is only 800 × 1040 μm2.The experimental results show that the transient undershoot/overshoot voltage and the recovery times do not exceed 40 mV and 30 μs for a load current variation from 100 mA to 1 A.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yali Xiong
2008-01-01
Full Text Available This paper investigates the performance perspectives and theoretical limitations of trench power MOSFETs in synchronous rectifier buck converters operating in the MHz frequency range. Several trench MOSFET technologies are studied using a mixed-mode device/circuit modeling approach. Individual power loss contributions from the control and synchronous MOSFETs, and their dependence on switching frequency between 500 kHz and 5 MHz are discussed in detail. It is observed that the conduction loss contribution decreases from 40% to 4% while the switching loss contribution increases from 60% to 96% as the switching frequency increases from 500 KHz to 5 MHz. Beyond 1 MHz frequency there is no obvious benefit to increase the die size of either SyncFET or CtrlFET. The RDS(ON×QG figure of merit (FOM still correlates well to the overall converter efficiency in the MHz frequency range. The efficiency of the hard switching buck topology is limited to 80% at 2 MHz and 65% at 5 MHz even with the most advanced trench MOSFET technologies.
A Simple Control Strategy Using Speedy Transient Response for Multiphase Buck Converter
Sasikala, K.; Ravikumar, D.; Rubini, B.
2017-03-01
The high performance of recent originating digital processors requires power supply for transient output, firm voltage regulation and high current. Industry has taken up interleaved multiphase synchronous buck converters for meeting such demands. Application of the voltage mode (ripple) hysteretic strategy to multiphase Voltage Regulator Units (VRU) would help satisfying many of the upcoming digital processors and IC’s powering demands. This arises from the use of the various advantages that can be obtained from this technique. This current division method is known for several benefits it provides: easy accessibility in application to all control methods, with freedom from the prime control technique in voltage regulation loop, absence of any necessity for current reference, better accuracy in current division of equal magnitude at almost every load conditions in standstill and transients. As against this, there are several challenges that involve distribution of multiple control signals, current sharing and sensitivity to noise, high speed comparators, hysteretic band accuracy and stable at large load transients. In addition, application of the current division technique presented was made to a multiphase voltage mode ripple controlled Buck Converter that produced a novel and easy control strategy having minimum output voltage ripples and speedy transient output.
Integrated Current Balancing Transformer for Primary Parallel Isolated Boost Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sen, Gökhan; Ouyang, Ziwei; Thomsen, Ole Cornelius
2011-01-01
A simple, PCB compatible integrated solution is proposed for the current balancing requirement of the primary parallel isolated boost converter (PPIBC). Input inductor and the current balancing transformer are merged into the same core, which reduces the number of components allowing a cheaper...
Modeling and Control of Primary Parallel Isolated Boost Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mira Albert, Maria del Carmen; Hernandez Botella, Juan Carlos; Sen, Gökhan
2012-01-01
In this paper state space modeling and closed loop controlled operation have been presented for primary parallel isolated boost converter (PPIBC) topology as a battery charging unit. Parasitic resistances have been included to have an accurate dynamic model. The accuracy of the model has been tes...
Integrated Current Balancing Transformer for Primary Parallel Isolated Boost Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sen, Gökhan; Ouyang, Ziwei; Thomsen, Ole Cornelius;
2011-01-01
A simple, PCB compatible integrated solution is proposed for the current balancing requirement of the primary parallel isolated boost converter (PPIBC). Input inductor and the current balancing transformer are merged into the same core, which reduces the number of components allowing a cheaper...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
谢莉; 蒋伟
2015-01-01
本文研究了储能设备的均衡充电方法。采用垂直 Buck-Boost 电路作为均衡器的基本交换单元。在不同的负载条件下，用状态空间平均法和小信号分析法获得对应的开关单元模型。通过电压控制均衡方案，利用电压环补偿设备端电压，电流内环使得电荷定向移动。实验结果表明，所提出的均衡器能实现电荷最快移动并能有效地收敛到零电压差，本地控制器能快速、准确地跟踪参考值。%This paper investigates the active charge equalization method for energy storage devices. The vertical buck-boost circuit is used as the basic switching cell of this equalizer. By applying state-space averaging and small signal analysis, the model of the switching cell is obtained under different load condition. A voltage controlled equalization scheme is presented, which is featured with voltage loop to equalize the terminal voltage and inner current loop for charge shuttling. The simulation and experimental results indicate that the proposed equalizer can effectively converge to zero voltage difference condition by offering a maximized charge shuttling effort, and the local controller can react fast and precisely to the reference command.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
朱润卿; 刘军; 徐波
2016-01-01
针对传统硬开关双向直流变换器在高频工作时开关损耗较高的缺点,提出一种采用有源箝位软开关的多相交错并联Buck/Boost双向DC/DC变换器.这种变换器的开关管都能在零电压条件下开通,解决了开关管在开通时功率损耗较大的问题.借助SIMetrix软件工具,得出电路仿真结果,结果表明,变换器所有开关在Buck工作模式和Boost工作模式中均能实现软开关工作.%In view of the faults that traditional hard-switching bi-directional DC/DC converter working in high frequency caused much loss, a type of active clamped soft-switching of multiphase interleaving buck/boost bi-directional DC/DC converter is proposed, all switches of converter can be opened at zero voltage, it solves the problem of large loss of power switches.With the help of SIMetrix software tools, circuit simulation results are obtained.The simulation results show that the all switches of converter can achieve soft-switching in the buck mode and in the boost mode.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hwanyub Joo
2015-01-01
Full Text Available This paper addresses the output regulation problem of synchronous buck converters with piecewise-constant load fluctuations via linear parameter varying (LPV control scheme. To this end, an output-error state-space model is first derived in the form of LPV systems so that it can involve a mismatch error that temporally arises from the process of generating a feedforward control. Then, to attenuate the mismatch error in parallel with improving the transient behavior of the converter, this paper proposes an LMI-based stabilization condition capable of achieving both H∞ and pole-placement objectives. Finally, the simulation and experimental results are provided to show the validity of our approach.
Sliding mode controller with modified sliding function for DC-DC Buck Converter.
Naik, B B; Mehta, A J
2017-09-01
This article presents design of Sliding Mode Controller with proportional integral type sliding function for DC-DC Buck Converter for the controlled power supply. The converter with conventional sliding mode controller results in a steady state error in load voltage. The proposed modified sliding function improves the steady state and dynamic performance of the Convertor and facilitates better choices of controller tuning parameters. The conditions for existence of sliding modes for proposed control scheme are derived. The stability of the closed loop system with proposed sliding mode control is proved and improvement in steady state performance is exemplified. The idea of adaptive tuning for the proposed controller to compensate load variations is outlined. The comparative study of conventional and proposed control strategy is presented. The efficacy of the proposed strategy is endowed by the simulation and experimental results. Copyright © 2017 ISA. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Low-temperature operation of a Buck DC/DC converter
Ray, Biswajit; Gerber, Scott S.; Patterson, Richard L.; Myers, Ira T.
1995-01-01
Low-temperature (77 K) operation of a 42/28 V, 175 W, 50 kHz PWM Buck DC/DC converter designed with commercially available components is reported. Overall, the converter losses decreased at 77 K compared to room temperature operation. A full-load efficiency of 97 percent was recorded at liquid-nitrogen temperature, compared to 95.8 percent at room temperature. Power MOSFET operation improved significantly where as the output rectifier operation deteriorated at low-temperature. The performance of the output filter inductor and capacitor did not change significantly at 77 K compared to room temperature performance. It is possible to achieve high-density and high efficiency power conversion at low-temperatures due to improved electronic, electrical and thermal properties of materials.
Quantization Effects on Period Doubling Route to Chaos in a ZAD-Controlled Buck Converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
John Alexander Taborda
2012-01-01
cycles. On the other hand many studies have been devoted to analyze the ZAD-controlled buck power converter, but these past studies did not include hardware considerations. In this paper, analog-to-digital conversion process is explicitly introduced in the modeling stage. As the feedback gain is varied, the dynamic behavior depending on the analog-to-digital converter resolution is numerically analyzed. Particularly, it is observed that including the quantizer in the model carries out several changes in the transitions to chaos, which include interruption of band-merging process by cascades of periodic inclusions, disappearing of band transitions, and multiple coexisting of periodic orbits. Many of these phenomena have not been reported as a consequence of the quantization effects.
Optimal Control with Complete Load-Decoupled Design for the Buck DC-DC Switching Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Fei-Hu; Hsieh; Yau-Tarng; Juang
2002-01-01
This paper describes a new controller design procedure and turning method for the buck PWM DCDCswitching converter taking into consideration the equivalent series resistance of components. First, the linearoptimal feedback is designed by the LQR approach. Then the designed control law is implemented by aphase-lag lead controller incorporated with a complete load-decoupled PD compensator. The phase-lag lead controlleris tuned to achieve the optimal design based on the output error voltage directly, instead of using an estimator.With the proposed PD compensator, the converter is robust with respect to the load changes and parameterperturbations. We also provide the conditions for the robust stability assurance of the closed-loop system.
A 10 MHz ripple-based on-time controlled buck converter with dual ripple compensation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Lü Danzhu; Yu Jiale; Hong Zhiliang
2013-01-01
A 10 MHz ripple-based on-time controlled buck converter is presented.A novel low-cost dual ripple compensation,which consists of coupling capacitor compensation and passive equivalent series resistance compensation,is proposed to achieve a fast load transient response and robust stability simultaneously.Implemented in a 2P4M 0.35 μm CMOS process,the converter achieves fix-frequency output with a ripple of below 10 mV and an overshoot of 10 mV at 400 mA step load transient response.With width optimization of the power transistors in an ultra-heavy load and PFM control in a light load,the efficiency stays at over 83％ for a load range from 20 mA to 1.5 A and the peak efficiency reaches 90.16％.
Design of high efficiency dual-mode buck DC-DC converter
Xinquan, Lai; Huali, Zeng; Qiang, Ye; Huisen, He; Shasha, Zhang; Yuqing, Sun
2010-11-01
A buck DC—DC switching regulator with high efficiency is implemented by automatically altering the modulation mode according to load current, and it can operate with an input range of 4.5 to 30 V. At light load current, the converter operates in skip mode. The converter enters PWM mode operation with increasing load current. It reduces the switching loss at light load and standby state, which results in prolonging battery lifetime and stand-by time. Meanwhile, externally adjustable soft-start minimizes the inrush supply current and avoids the overshoot of output voltage at initial startup. The regulator is fabricated by a 0.6 μm CDMOS process. The test results show that, under the condition of 3.3 V output, the efficiency is up to 64% at 5 mA and the maximum efficiency is 95.5%.
Design of high efficiency dual-mode buck DC-DC converter
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lai Xinquan; Zeng Huali; Ye Qiang; He Huisen; Zhang Shasha; Sun Yuqing, E-mail: zenghuali4213@126.com, E-mail: xqlai@mail.xidian.edu.cn [Institute of Electronic CAD, Xidian University, Xi' an 710071 (China)
2010-11-15
A buck DC-DC switching regulator with high efficiency is implemented by automatically altering the modulation mode according to load current, and it can operate with an input range of 4.5 to 30 V. At light load current, the converter operates in skip mode. The converter enters PWM mode operation with increasing load current. It reduces the switching loss at light load and standby state, which results in prolonging battery lifetime and stand-by time. Meanwhile, externally adjustable soft-start minimizes the inrush supply current and avoids the overshoot of output voltage at initial startup. The regulator is fabricated by a 0.6 {mu}m CDMOS process. The test results show that, under the condition of 3.3 V output, the efficiency is up to 64% at 5 mA and the maximum efficiency is 95.5%.
A Novel High Performance Bridgeless Ac-Dc Boost Converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S.M.AshrafulAlam Mohon
2016-08-01
Full Text Available A new single phase high performance bridgeless AC-DC Boost converter is proposed. The converter is made bridgeless by the use of two unidirectional switches and two diodes at the input ac side for power conversion for both positive and negative half cycle. Because of the high frequency switching, the power factor of the circuit is inherently corrected and it requires a small filter to make the input current near sinusoidal with limited THD. The significant improvement in THD makes the circuit a good choice in applications needing AC-DC conversion with power conditioning. The circuit exhibits such better performances than conventional AC-DC boost converter with variable loads at constant frequency switching with no additional control circuits. The efficiency of the circuit is also satisfactory. Analysis and simulation results of the circuit are obtained by using software simulation. The main advantage of this new AC-DC converter is its superior power quality over conventional AC-DC boost converter
single-phase dc phase dc-ac boost converter ac boost converter ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
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Change of load current flow is achieved with achieved ... increased efficiency and simpler controllers. 814698 .... Figure 2. Power circuit and controllers for the proposed boost inverter. ..... [13] R.D.Middlebrook and S. Cuk, ''A general unified.
Wide Temperature Range DC-DC Boost Converters for Command/Control/Drive Electronics Project
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — We shall develop wide temperature range DC-DC boost converters that can be fabricated using commercial CMOS foundries. The boost converters will increase the low...
基于改善关联性 Buck 变换器的混沌控制*%Chaotic control of the Buck converter based on improving the correlation∗
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2013-01-01
由于 Buck 变换器具有非线性特性,在一定参数条件下,它会处于混沌状态,此时 Buck 变换器不能正常工作。为了抑制 Buck 变换器的混沌现象,本文首先建立了 Buck 变换器的精确状态方程模型,然后通过分析可控范围图、开关逻辑图、相图、电感电流波形、输出电压波形,研究了基于改善 Buck 变换器的电感电流与输出电压之间关联性的混沌控制策略。研究结果表明：该控制策略能够将处于混沌状态的 Buck 变换器稳定在周期1,2,4,8轨道,且该控制策略不需要预先确定期望的目标轨道,不依赖于 Buck 变换器的电路参数,只取决于一个外部参数即耦合强度,所以该控制策略同样适用于其他拓扑结构的功率变换器。%Due to the strong nonlinearity of the Buck converter, it can be in the chaotic state under certain parameters and the chaotic Buck converter does not work normally. In order to suppress the chaotic phenomena in the Buck converter, a chaotic control scheme is demonstrated by establishing the accurate state equation models, and then analyzing the controllable range diagrams, the switching logic diagrams, the phase portrait, the inductor current waveforms and the output voltage waveforms. Also this scheme can be im-plemented by improving the correlation between the inductor current and the output voltage of the Buck converter. Research results show that this scheme can stabilize the chaotic Buck converter to the period-1, period-2, period-4, period-8 orbits, without determining the desired targeting orbits in advance. Moreover, this scheme does not depend on circuit parameters of the Buck converter, it only depends on an external parameter named the coupling strength, so this scheme can be applied to the other power converters.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wu Xiaobo; Liu Qing; Zhao Menglian; Chen Mingyang
2013-01-01
An analog implementation of a novel fixed-frequency quasi-sliding-mode controller for single-inductor dual-output (SIDO) buck converter in pseudo-continuous conduction mode (PCCM) with a self-adaptive freewheeling current level (SFCL) is presented.Both small and large signal variations around the operation point are considered to achieve better transient response so as to reduce the cross-regulation of this SIDO buck converter.Moreover,an internal integral loop is added to suppress the steady-state regulation error introduced by conventional PWM-based sliding mode controllers.Instead of keeping it as a constant value,the free-wheeling current level varies according to the load condition to maintain high power efficiency and less cross-regulation at the same time.To verify the feasibility of the proposed controller,an SIDO buck converter with two regulated output voltages,1.8 V and 3.3 V,is designed and fabricated in HEJIAN 0.35 μm CMOS process.Simulation and experiment results show that the transient time of this SIDO buck converter drops to 10 μs while the cross-regulation is reduced to 0.057 mV/mA,when its first load changes from 50 to 100 mA.
An optimal current observer for predictive current controlled buck DC-DC converters.
Min, Run; Chen, Chen; Zhang, Xiaodong; Zou, Xuecheng; Tong, Qiaoling; Zhang, Qiao
2014-05-19
In digital current mode controlled DC-DC converters, conventional current sensors might not provide isolation at a minimized price, power loss and size. Therefore, a current observer which can be realized based on the digital circuit itself, is a possible substitute. However, the observed current may diverge due to the parasitic resistors and the forward conduction voltage of the diode. Moreover, the divergence of the observed current will cause steady state errors in the output voltage. In this paper, an optimal current observer is proposed. It achieves the highest observation accuracy by compensating for all the known parasitic parameters. By employing the optimal current observer-based predictive current controller, a buck converter is implemented. The converter has a convergently and accurately observed inductor current, and shows preferable transient response than the conventional voltage mode controlled converter. Besides, costs, power loss and size are minimized since the strategy requires no additional hardware for current sensing. The effectiveness of the proposed optimal current observer is demonstrated experimentally.
DC-DC buck converters for the CMS Tracker upgrade at SLHC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Feld, L; Jussen, R; Karpinski, W; Klein, K; Sammet, J, E-mail: Katja.Klein@cern.ch [1. Physikalisches Institut B, RWTH Aachen University, Sommerfeldstrasse 14, 52074 Aachen (Germany)
2011-01-15
The CMS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, Geneva, is planning major upgrades of its current pixel and strip detectors for the LHC luminosity upgrade, known as the SLHC. Due to the larger channel count and - in case of the strip tracker - increased functionality, the powering scheme adopted today, namely parallel powering of several detector modules, has to be abandoned. Instead, a powering scheme based on the DC-DC conversion technique is foreseen, which would lead to lower power losses in the supply cables, and would allow to reduce the material budget of cables and associated electronic boards in the sensitive detector volume. This paper deals with the development, characterisation and optimisation of DC-DC buck converter prototypes for the upgrades of the CMS pixel and strip detectors at the SLHC.
Zhang, Hao; Dong, Shuai; Guan, Weimin; Liu, Ye
In this paper, a unified averaged modeling method is proposed to investigate the fast-scale period-doubling bifurcation of a full-bridge integrated buck-boost inverter with peak current control. In order to increase the resolution of the conventional classic averaged model to half the switching frequency, sample-and-hold effect of inductor current is absorbed into the averaged model, i.e. the proposed unified averaged model can capture the high-frequency dynamical characteristics of the buck-boost inverter, which is both an extension and a modification of conventional averaged model. Based on the unified mode, fast-scale bifurcation is identified, and the corresponding bifurcation point is predicted with the help of the locus movement of all the poles, and their underlying mechanisms are revealed. Detailed analysis shows that the occurrence of high-frequency oscillation means fast-scale bifurcation, while the occurrence of low-frequency oscillation leads to slow-scale bifurcation. Finally, it is demonstrated that the unified averaged model can provide not only a general method to investigate both the slow- and fast-scale bifurcations in a unified framework but also a quite straightforward design-oriented method which can be directly applicable.
A Boosting Multi Flyback Converter for Electric Vehicle Application
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. Sangeetha
2015-08-01
Full Text Available The Flyback converter belongs to the primary switched converter family, which means there is isolation between input and output. Flyback converters have low number of components compared to other Switched Mode Power Supplies (SMPSs, they also have the advantage that several isolated output voltages can be regulated by one control circuit. This study proposes an efficient and cost effective Multi Flyback topology, an isolated DC-DC converter suitable for electric vehicle applications especially driven with induction motor. The converter topology forms a power interface between the battery and the motor and also capable of boosting the voltage from low voltage battery side to high voltage DC link. A Multi Flyback Converter topology implemented by paralleling three individual flyback converters at the battery input side and DC link output side. The topology will share the current across each individual converter and the individual power will be added up at the output side. The scheme incorporates a transformer winding technique which can reduce the leakage inductance of the coupled inductor to a satisfactory limit.
Simulation of closed loop controlled boost converter for solar installation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kalirasu Athimulam
2010-01-01
Full Text Available With the shortage of the energy and ever increasing of the oil price, research on the renewable and green energy sources, especially the solar arrays and the fuel cells, becomes more and more important. How to achieve high stepup and high efficiency DC/DC converters is the major consideration in the renewable power applications due to the low voltage of PV arrays and fuel cells. In this paper digital simulation of closed loop controlled boost converter for solar installation is presented. Circuit models for open loop and closed loop controlled systems are developed using the blocks of simulink. The simulation results are compared with the theoretical results. This converter has advantages like improved power factor, fast response and reduced hardware. .
Sliding mode control of reaction flywheel-based brushless DC motor with buck converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Liu Gang; Zhang Cong
2013-01-01
Reaction flywheel is a significant actuator for satellites' attitude control.To improve out-put torque and rotational speed accuracy for reaction flywheel,this paper reviews the modeling and control approaches of DC-DC converters and presents an application of the variable structure system theory with associated sliding regimes.Firstly,the topology of reaction flywheel is constructed.The small signal linearization process for a buck converter is illustrated.Then,based on the state averaging models and reaching qualification expressed by the Lee derivative,the general results of the sliding mode control (SMC) are analyzed.The analytical equivalent control laws for reaction flywheel are deduced detailedly by selecting various sliding surfaces at electromotion,energy consumption braking,reverse connection braking stages.Finally,numerical and experimental examples are presented for illustrative purposes.The results demonstrate that favorable agreement is established between the simulations and experiments.The proposed control strategy achieves preferable rotational speed regulation,strong rejection of modest disturbances,and high-precision output torque and rotational speed tracking abilities.
Adaptive terminal sliding-mode control strategy for DC-DC buck converters.
Komurcugil, Hasan
2012-11-01
This paper presents an adaptive terminal sliding mode control (ATSMC) strategy for DC-DC buck converters. The idea behind this strategy is to use the terminal sliding mode control (TSMC) approach to assure finite time convergence of the output voltage error to the equilibrium point and integrate an adaptive law to the TSMC strategy so as to achieve a dynamic sliding line during the load variations. In addition, the influence of the controller parameters on the performance of closed-loop system is investigated. It is observed that the start up response of the output voltage becomes faster with increasing value of the fractional power used in the sliding function. On the other hand, the transient response of the output voltage, caused by the step change in the load, becomes faster with decreasing the value of the fractional power. Therefore, the value of fractional power is to be chosen to make a compromise between start up and transient responses of the converter. Performance of the proposed ATSMC strategy has been tested through computer simulations and experiments. The simulation results of the proposed ATSMC strategy are compared with the conventional SMC and TSMC strategies. It is shown that the ATSMC exhibits a considerable improvement in terms of a faster output voltage response during load changes.
FPA Tuned Fuzzy Logic Controlled Synchronous Buck Converter for a Wave/SC Energy System
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
SAHIN, E.
2017-02-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a flower pollination algorithm (FPA tuned fuzzy logic controlled (FLC synchronous buck converter (SBC for an integrated wave/ supercapacitor (SC hybrid energy system. In order to compensate the irregular wave effects on electrical side of the wave energy converter (WEC, a SC unit charged by solar panels is connected in parallel to the WEC system and a SBC is controlled to provide more reliable and stable voltage to the DC load. In order to test the performance of the designed FLC, a classical proportional-integral-derivative (PID controller is also employed. Both of the controllers are optimized by FPA which is a pretty new optimization algorithm and a well-known optimization algorithm of which particle swarm optimization (PSO to minimize the integral of time weighted absolute error (ITAE performance index. Also, the other error-based objective functions are considered. The entire energy system and controllers are developed in Matlab/Simulink and realized experimentally. Real time applications are done through DS1104 Controller Board. The simulation and experimental results show that FPA tuned fuzzy logic controller provides lower value performance indices than conventional PID controller by reducing output voltage sags and swells of the wave/SC energy system.
Bifurcation and chaos in high-frequency peak current mode Buck converter
Chang-Yuan, Chang; Xin, Zhao; Fan, Yang; Cheng-En, Wu
2016-07-01
Bifurcation and chaos in high-frequency peak current mode Buck converter working in continuous conduction mode (CCM) are studied in this paper. First of all, the two-dimensional discrete mapping model is established. Next, reference current at the period-doubling point and the border of inductor current are derived. Then, the bifurcation diagrams are drawn with the aid of MATLAB. Meanwhile, circuit simulations are executed with PSIM, and time domain waveforms as well as phase portraits in i L-v C plane are plotted with MATLAB on the basis of simulation data. After that, we construct the Jacobian matrix and analyze the stability of the system based on the roots of characteristic equations. Finally, the validity of theoretical analysis has been verified by circuit testing. The simulation and experimental results show that, with the increase of reference current I ref, the corresponding switching frequency f is approaching to low-frequency stage continuously when the period-doubling bifurcation happens, leading to the converter tending to be unstable. With the increase of f, the corresponding I ref decreases when the period-doubling bifurcation occurs, indicating the stable working range of the system becomes smaller. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61376029), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China, and the College Graduate Research and Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No. SJLX15_0092).
A miniature high-efficiency fully digital adaptive voltage scaling buck converter
Li, Hangbiao; Zhang, Bo; Luo, Ping; Zhen, Shaowei; Liao, Pengfei; He, Yajuan; Li, Zhaoji
2015-09-01
A miniature high-efficiency fully digital adaptive voltage scaling (AVS) buck converter is proposed in this paper. The pulse skip modulation with flexible duty cycle (FD-PSM) is used in the AVS controller, which simplifies the circuit architecture (<170 gates) and greatly saves the die area and the power consumption. The converter is implemented in a 0.13-μm one-poly-eight-metal (1P8 M) complementary metal oxide semiconductor process and the active on-chip area of the controller is only 0.003 mm2, which is much smaller. The measurement results show that when the operating frequency of the digital load scales dynamically from 25.6 MHz to 112.6 MHz, the supply voltage of which can be scaled adaptively from 0.84 V to 1.95 V. The controller dissipates only 17.2 μW, while the supply voltage of the load is 1 V and the operating frequency is 40 MHz.
Dynamic Feedback Controlling Chaos in Current-Mode Boost Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LU Wei-Guo; ZHOU Luo-Wei; LUO Quan-Ming
2007-01-01
A method for the control of chaos in the current-mode boost converter is presented by using the first-order dynamic feedback control. The feedback part consists of a resistance and a capacitance in series. The system to be controlled is treated as a third-order model, and then the discrete mapping model is obtained by using the data-sampling method. By analysing the position of the maximum norm eigenvalue, the stable range of feedback gain is ascertained out and its optimization is also carried out. Finally, the results of simulation and experiment confirm the correctness of the theoretical analysis and the validity of the proposed means.
Analysis and control design of two cascaded boost converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Moutabir A.
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This work aims to study a cascade of two BOOST converters. First, a non- linear model of the whole controlled system is developed. Then, a robust non-linear controller of currents is synthesized using a backstepping design technique. A formal analysis based on Lyapunov stability and average theory is developed to describe the control currents loops performances. A classical PI controller is used for the voltages loops. The study of the stability of the system will also be discussed. Simulated results are displayed to validate the feasibility and the effectiveness of the proposed strategy.
Distributed Generation using Indirect Matrix Converter in Boost Operating Mode
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Liu, Xiong; Loh, Poh Chiang; Wang, Peng
2011-01-01
, reverse power flow operation of IMC can be implemented to meet voltage boost requirement, where the input ac source is connected to the converter's voltage source side and the output utility grid or load is connected to the current source side. This paper proposes control schemes of IMC under reverse...... power flow operation for both grid-connected and isolated modes with distributed generation suggested as a potential application. In grid-connected mode, the commanded power must be extracted from the input ac source to the grid, in addition to guarantee sinusoidal input/output waveforms, unity input...
Distributed Generation using Indirect Matrix Converter in Boost Operating Mode
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Liu, Xiong; Loh, Poh Chiang; Wang, Peng
2011-01-01
, reverse power flow operation of IMC can be implemented to meet voltage boost requirement, where the input ac source is connected to the converter's voltage source side and the output utility grid or load is connected to the current source side. This paper proposes control schemes of IMC under reverse...... power flow operation for both grid-connected and isolated modes with distributed generation suggested as a potential application. In grid-connected mode, the commanded power must be extracted from the input ac source to the grid, in addition to guarantee sinusoidal input/output waveforms, unity input...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ahteshamul Haque
2016-02-01
Full Text Available The energy crisis concern leads to look for alternate source of energy. Solar energy is considered as most reliable among the all renewable energy sources. Solar PV (Photovoltaic is used to convert solar energy into electric energy. The efficiency of solar PV is very low and its characteristic is nonlinear. To overcome these drawbacks a technique known as maximum power point tracking is used. This algorithm is implemented in the control circuit of DC – DC converter. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking with buck DC-DC converter under load varying conditions. The simulation work is done using PSIM simulation software.
A Survey on Voltage Boosting Techniques for Step-Up DC-DC Converters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Forouzesh, Mojtaba; Siwakoti, Yam Prasad; Gorji, Saman Asghari;
2016-01-01
Step-up dc-dc converters are used to boost the voltage level of the input to a higher output level. Despite of its features such as simplicity of implementation, the fundamental boost dc-dc converter has shortcomings such as low boost ability and low power density. With these limitations, researc...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
T. Ajith Bosco Raj
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The main objective of this work is to study the behaviour of the solar PV systems and model the efficient Grid-connected solar power system. The DC-DC MPPT circuit using chaotic pulse width modulation has been designed to track maximum power from solar PV module. The conversion efficiency of the proposed MPPT system is increased when CPWM is used as a control scheme. This paper also proposes a simplified multilevel (seven level inverter for a grid-connected photovoltaic system. The primary goal of these systems is to increase the energy injected to the grid by keeping track of the maximum power point of the panel, by reducing the switching frequency, and by providing high reliability. The maximum power has been tracked experimentally. It is compared with parallel boost converter. Also this model is based on mathematical equations and is described through an equivalent circuit including a PV source with MPPT, a diode, a series resistor, a shunt resistor, and dual boost converter with active snubber circuit. This model can extract PV power and boost by using dual boost converter with active snubber. By using this method the overall system efficiency is improved thereby reducing the switching losses and cost.
Fast-Scale and Slow-Scale Subharmonic Oscillation of Valley Current-Mode Controlled Buck Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHOU Guo-Hua; XU Jian-Ping; BAO Bo-Cheng; ZHANG Fei; LIU Xue-Shan
2010-01-01
@@ A valley current-mode (VCM) controlled buck converter with current source load (CSI) has complex phenomena of fast-scale and slow-scale subharmonic oscillations.The piecewise smooth switching model of the VCM controlled buck converter with CSI is established.It is found that attractive regions of fast-scale and slow-scale subharmonic oscillations exist in the bifurcation diagram,and two tori exist in the corresponding Poincaré mapping.The research results by time-domain simulation indicate that U-type subharmonic oscillation (SO) constituted by SO and frequency-reduced subharmonic oscillation (FSO) exists in inductor current,and sine-type SO constituted by fast scale and low scaie exists in output voltage respectively.Experimental results are given to verify the analysis and simulation results.
Simulation and Implementation of Interleaved Boost DC-DC Converter for Fuel Cell Application
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ahmad Saudi Samosir
2011-10-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with a boost dc-dc converter for fuel cell application. In fuel cell electric vehicles application, a high power boost dc-dc converter is adopted to adjust the output voltage, current and power of fuel cell engine to meet the vehicle requirements. One of challenge in designing a boost converter for high power application is how to handle the high current at the input side. In this paper an interleaved boost dc-dc converter is proposed for current sharing on high power application. Moreover, this converter also reduces the fuel ripple current. Performance of the interleaved boost converter is tested through simulation and experimental results. Keywords: component; Interleaved Boost Converter; Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle; high power application.
A High Efficiency Power Factor Correction Using Interleaved Boost Converter With Fuzzy Logic Control
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M.BHUVANESWARI
2013-06-01
Full Text Available This paper presents interleaved front end boost converter to perform better power factor correction to store energy for electric vehicles. The interleaved boost converter increases reliability, decreased stress on critical components, improves efficiency and more flexibility. The parallel connection of two boost converters reduces the input ripple current of the converter. The interleaved boost converter with coupled inductors reduces the volume and copper usage of the magnetic components and also achieves high power density. The coupled inductor delivers continuous current to improve the efficiency. The boost power factor correction (PFC converter with auxiliary circuit optimizes the amount of reactive current during light load condition. In addition the control system regulates the amount of reactive current to guarantee zero voltage switching (ZVS during line cycle for different load conditions. The proposed interleaved boost converter with coupled inductor was modeled and its performance is simulated and analyzed in Mat lab/Simulink environment.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘文江; 张晓军; 王旭光
2006-01-01
提出和设计了一种新型BUCK-BOOST AC-AC变换电路,详细阐述了其结构和工作原理.该电路采用ARM嵌入式处理器和先进的控制策略,实现了全数字控制.实验结果表明,该电路具有很好的调压效果.
Quasi-Periodicity, Chaos and Coexistence in the Time Delay Controlled Two-Cell DC-DC Buck Converter
Koubaâ, Karama; Feki, Moez
In addition to border collision bifurcation, the time delay controlled two-cell DC/DC buck converter is shown to exhibit a chaotic behavior as well. The time delay controller adds new design parameters to the system and therefore the variation of a parameter may lead to different types of bifurcation. In this work, we present a thorough analysis of different scenarios leading to bifurcation and chaos. We show that the time delay controlled two-cell DC/DC buck converter may also exhibit a Neimark-Sacker bifurcation which for some parameter set may lead to a 2D torus that may then break yielding a chaotic behavior. Besides, the saturation of the controller can also lead to the coexistence of a stable focus and a chaotic attractor. The results are presented using numerical simulation of a discrete map of the two-cell DC/DC buck converter obtained by expressing successive crossings of Poincaré section in terms of each other.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Silva-Ortigoza
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a hierarchical controller that carries out the angular velocity trajectory tracking task for a DC motor driven by a DC/DC Buck converter. The high level control is related to the DC motor and the low level control is dedicated to the DC/DC Buck converter; both controls are designed via differential flatness. The high level control provides a desired voltage profile for the DC motor to achieve the tracking of a desired angular velocity trajectory. Then, a low level control is designed to ensure that the output voltage of the DC/DC Buck converter tracks the voltage profile imposed by the high level control. In order to experimentally verify the hierarchical controller performance, a DS1104 electronic board from dSPACE and Matlab-Simulink are used. The switched implementation of the hierarchical average controller is accomplished by means of pulse width modulation. Experimental results of the hierarchical controller for the velocity trajectory tracking task show good performance and robustness against the uncertainties associated with different system parameters.
Chen, Qiang; Ren, Xuemei; Oliver, Jesus Angel
2012-04-01
In this paper, an identifier-based adaptive neural dynamic surface control (IANDSC) is proposed for the uncertain DC-DC buck converter system with input constraint. Based on the analysis of the effect of input constraint in the buck converter, the neural network compensator is employed to ensure the controller output within the permissible range. Subsequently, the constrained adaptive control scheme combined with the neural network compensator is developed for the buck converter with uncertain load current. In this scheme, a newly presented finite-time identifier is utilized to accelerate the parameter tuning process and to heighten the accuracy of parameter estimation. By utilizing the adaptive dynamic surface control (ADSC) technique, the problem of "explosion of complexity" inherently in the traditional adaptive backstepping design can be overcome. The proposed control law can guarantee the uniformly ultimate boundedness of all signals in the closed-loop system via Lyapunov synthesis. Numerical simulations are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed control method.
A High Step-Down Interleaved Buck Converter with Active-Clamp Circuits for Wind Turbines
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chih-Lung Shen
2012-12-01
Full Text Available In this paper, a high step-down interleaved buck coupled-inductor converter (IBCC with active-clamp circuits for wind energy conversion has been studied. In high step-down voltage applications, an IBCC can extend duty ratio and reduce voltage stresses on active switches. In order to reduce switching losses of active switches to improve conversion efficiency, a IBCC with soft-switching techniques is usually required. Compared with passive-clamp circuits, the IBCC with active-clamp circuits have lower switching losses and minimum ringing voltage of the active switches. Thus, the proposed IBCC with active-clamp circuits for wind energy conversion can significantly increase conversion efficiency. Finally, a 240 W prototype of the proposed IBCC with active-clamp circuits was built and implemented. Experimental results have shown that efficiency can reach as high as 91%. The proposed IBCC with active-clamp circuits is presented in high step-down voltage applications to verify the performance and the feasibility for energy conversion of wind turbines.
Topological Design and Modulation Strategy for Buck-Boost Three-Level Inverters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gao, Feng; Loh, Poh Chiang; Teodorescu, Remus
2009-01-01
can perform distinct five-level line voltage and three-level phase voltage switching by simply controlling the active switches located in the designed voltage boost section of the circuits. As a cost saving option, one active switch can further be removed from the voltage boost section of the circuits...
Trade Study and Design of a TRL-4, 100 degree C, 28- to 600-V Bidirectional DC Converter Power Stage
2011-01-01
for the two -stage BCVD converter 15 Table 7. Boost -mode simulated switch /diode power losses and maximum device junction temperatures 18 Table 8...the large current stresses on the switch and diode of the bidirectional converter in either boost - or buck -mode, multiple parallel interleaved...form the 600-V HVS.) The buck -mode duty cycle is that of each set of complementary switches on the converter HVS. The boost -mode duty cycle corresponds
Distributed control system for parallel-connected DC boost converters
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Goldsmith, Steven
2017-08-15
The disclosed invention is a distributed control system for operating a DC bus fed by disparate DC power sources that service a known or unknown load. The voltage sources vary in v-i characteristics and have time-varying, maximum supply capacities. Each source is connected to the bus via a boost converter, which may have different dynamic characteristics and power transfer capacities, but are controlled through PWM. The invention tracks the time-varying power sources and apportions their power contribution while maintaining the DC bus voltage within the specifications. A central digital controller solves the steady-state system for the optimal duty cycle settings that achieve a desired power supply apportionment scheme for a known or predictable DC load. A distributed networked control system is derived from the central system that utilizes communications among controllers to compute a shared estimate of the unknown time-varying load through shared bus current measurements and bus voltage measurements.
Y-source impedance-network-based isolated boost DC/DC converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Siwakoti, Yam P.; Town, Graham; Loh, Poh Chiang
2014-01-01
A dc-dc converter with very high voltage gain is proposed in this paper for any medium-power application requiring a high voltage boost with galvanic isolation. The proposed converter topology can be realized using only two switches. With this topology a very high voltage boost can be achieved ev...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gadalla, Brwene Salah Abdelkarim; Schaltz, Erik; Siwakoti, Yam Prasad
2016-01-01
Boost converters are needed in many applications that require the output voltage to be higher than the input voltage. Recently, boost type converters have been attracted by the industrial applications, and hence it has become an extremely hot topic of research. Recently, many researchers proposed...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Qin, Nan; Xu, Zhao
2008-01-01
in the discontinuous conducting mode (DCM). The new wind turbine model with the variable speed control of the PMSG based on duty cycle control of the boost converter has been developed in Matlab Simulink. Simulation studies show that DCM working mode of the boost converter provides more flexibility in controlling...
Y-Source Boost DC/DC Converter for Distributed Generation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Siwakoti, Yam P.; Loh, Poh Chiang; Blaabjerg, Frede
2015-01-01
This paper introduces a versatile Y-source boost dc/dc converter intended for distributed power generation, where high gain is often demanded. The proposed converter uses a Y-source impedance network realized with a tightly coupled three-winding inductor for high voltage boosting that is presently...
Analysis of energy processes in pulse converters of AC electric power
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kadatsky A.F.
2015-02-01
Full Text Available The article presents the analysis of energy processes in switched-mode AC-AC converters of buck, boost and buck-boost types. The mathematical model of energy processes is obtained. The mathematical model is generalized to DC-DC and AC-AC converters, to three basic types of converters and considers possibility of autotransformer inclusion of an inductor. It is shown that the use of bi-directional switches allows both DC and AC conversion of electrical energy regardless of the load type and also supports recuperation of electrical energy back to the source. It is shown that the maximum value of instant power in a load circuit in AC—AC converters exceeds twice the rated value of load power in comparison with DC—DC converters. It is shown that the energy capacity of an inductor in AC—AC converters exceeds twice the energy capacity of DC—DC converters at the identical rated power of conversion. It is shown that the energy capacity of an inductor in converters of buck and boost types depends on the ratio of input and output voltage. Also, the energy capacity of an inductor in converters of buck-boost type does not depend on the ratio of input and output voltage. It is shown that the energy capacity of an inductor in converters of buck and boost types is lower than the energy capacity of an inductor in the converter of buck-boost type.
A 0.35μm 50V CMOS Sliding-Mode Control IC for Buck Converters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Høyerby, Mikkel Christian Wendelboe; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.; Andreani, Pietro
2007-01-01
This paper presents a hysteretic (sliding mode) control IC for a buck DC/DC converter for use as an envelope tracking power supply to increase the efficiency of an RF power amplifier. The IC integrates a high-bandwidth error amplifier, a comparator with hysteresis, and a high-side driver...... for an external N-channel power MOSFET. The total control loop delay using the implemented IC is 35ns, this is shown to be a 30% reduction compared to a state-of-the-art discrete IC based solution. The presented results also show that it is viable to integrate a 100MHz operational amplifier on the same die...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Abdolreza Esmaeli; SUN Li; ZHAO Ke; JIANG Bao-jun
2005-01-01
EMI Filter Design and Performance for isolated full bridge buck converter is developed in this paper.In order to design a high performance EMI filter, many issues need to be considered beforehand. Some important issues including accurate model of converter components, parasitic elements, its effect on EMI noise and impedance mismatch are included in this paper. A numerical prediction of EMI/EMC has the potential to evaluate EMI performances at the design stage and before prototyping. It can also help reduce the post-prototype EMC cost by minimizing late redesign and modifications of a design implementation. Saber simulator is used to analyze the EMI noises and EMI filter's performance. Conducted EMI noise measurement and EMI filter design of isolated full bridge buck converter has been achieved while successfully satisfying the FCC class B limits in the frequency range from 150 kHz to 30 MHz. Simulation results are compared with experimental data and the effectiveness of the EMI simulation approach is demonstrated.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nittala S K Sastry
2012-06-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a new PWM Multi phase DC-DC converter under current mode control with an auxiliary circuit which provides zero voltage switching in order to meet the power supply requirements of the processors of modern electronic equipments like laptops, mobiles, and PDAs etc which require more than 70 A current, lower voltage and better transient response.The multi phase topology benefits in high current, good efficiency and better current transient response. High current multi phase buck converters found applications in advanced data control, solid state lasers, communication equipment and Pentium processors etc. In this paper designed of three phase DC-DC converter 100W, 12V/1V under current mode control is discussed in detail and the simulation results are presented to support the theoretical analysis.
State space analysis of boost DC/DC converter with voltage mode control
Shenoy, K. Latha; Nayak, C. Gurudas; Mandi, Rajashekar P.
2017-07-01
The boost converter belongs to the family of indirect energy transfer converters. The inductor stores energy during switch on and the output capacitor deliver power to the load. During switch off condition, the stored inductive energy appears in series with the input source and supply the output. The paper deals with the small signal analysis of dc-dc boost converter. It is used in modeling the closed loop converter parameters. The boost converter produces an undesirable Right-Half Plane Zero (RHPZ) in the small signal analysis due to which the implementation of voltage mode control needs attention. This requires compensating the regulator such that the crossover frequency occurs well below the frequency of the RHP zero. The paper describes modeling of voltage mode control boost converter operating in continuous conduction mode.
Modeling a multilevel boost converter using SiC components for PV application
Alateeq, Ayoob S.; Almalaq, Yasser A.; Matin, Mohammad A.
2016-09-01
This paper discusses a DC-DC multilevel boost with wide bandgap components for PV applications. In the PV system, the multilevel boost converter is advisable to be used over the conventional boost converter because of the high ratio conversion. The multilevel boost converter is designed with one inductor, 2N-1 silicon carbide (SiC) schottky diodes, 2N-1 capacitors and one SiC MOSFET where N is the number of levels. Inserting SiC components in the design helps to maintain the temperature effect that could cause a high power loss. Most function of using a multilevel boost converter is to produce a high output voltage without using either a power transformer or a coupled inductor. Achieving a high gain output in the multilevel boost converter depends on the level of the converter and the switching duty cycle. The demonstrated design is a multilevel boost converter supplies from 220 V to rate 2 KW power. The switching frequency is 100 KHz and the output voltage of 4-level is 3.5 KV. Several values of temperatures are applicable to the system and the effect of changing the temperature on efficiency is studied. The developed design is simulated by using a LTspice software and the results are discussed.
Optimization of Inductance for Buck DC-DC Converter%Buck DC-DC变换器电感的优化设计
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
付园园; 姚素英; 徐江涛; 高静; 陈莞
2012-01-01
提出了一种优化电感的设计方法,以最小的电感实现了Buck DC-DC变换器最大输出纹波电压(MOVR)达到极小值.该方法首先通过计算得到连续导电模式(CCM)和不连续导电模式(DCM)下的输出纹波电压,然后根据电感取值分析这两种模式下的MOVR,最终得到了使MOVR达到极小值的最小电感.分析得到,对于任意给定的输入电压和负载范围,计算最大输入电压、最小负载下CCM和DCM模式的临界电感和最小输入电压、最大负载下的临界电感,则最优电感为两者中的较大值.Pspice仿真结果验证了上述理论分析的正确性,开关频率为52 kHz,输出电压12 V时,对于给定输入电压范围15～21V,负载范围35～170 Ω,最优电感为327μH.%In order to realize the lowest maximum output voltage ripple (MOVR) of Buck DC-DC converter with the minimal inductance, an optimal inductance design method is proposed. Output voltage, ripple (OVR) under continuous conduction mode (CCM) and discontinuous mode (DCM) was obtained by calculation, then MOVR in the two modes was analyzed according to the inductance value, and ultimately the minimum inductance to achieve the lowest MOVR was obtained. For any given range of the load and input voltage, by comparing the critical inductance between CCM and DCM under the maximum input voltage, minimum load condition and under the minimum input voltage, maximum load condition, it is concluded that the minimum inductance to guarantee the lowest MOVR is actually the maximum value of the critical inductance under the two conditions. The Pspice simulation results are in favor of the proposed theory.
R. Silva-Ortigoza; García-Sánchez, J. R.; J. M. Alba-Martínez; Hernández-Guzmán, V. M.; Marcelino-Aranda, M.; Taud, H.; Bautista-Quintero, R.
2013-01-01
This paper presents a two-stage control design for the “Buck power converter/DC motor” system, which allows to perform the sensorless angular velocity trajectory tracking task. The differential flatness property of the DC-motor model is exploited in order to propose a first-stage controller, which is designed to achieve the desired angular velocity trajectory. This controller provides the voltage profiles that must be tracked by the Buck converter. Then, a second-stage controller is meant to ...
PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF 2D CONVERTER BY COMBINING SR & KY CONVERTERS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
V. Manoj Kumar
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Most of the portable equipments use battery as power source. The increasing use of low voltage portable devices and growing requirements of functionalities embedded into such devices. Thus an efficient power management technique is needed for longer battery life for them. Highly variable nature of batteries systems often require supply voltages to be both higher and lower than the battery. This is most efficiently generated by a buck-boost switching converter. But here the converter efficiency is decreased since the power loss occurs in the storage devices. Step by step, process of designing, feedback control and simulation of a novel voltage-buck boost converter, combining KY and synchronous Rectifier buck converter for battery power applications. Unlike the traditional buck–boost converter, this converter has the positive output voltage and system is stable, different from the negative output voltage and low stable of the traditional inverting buck–boost converters. Since such a converter operates in continuous conduction mode. Also it possesses the non-pulsating output current, thereby not only decreasing the current stress on the output capacitor but also reducing the output voltage ripple. Both the KY converter and the synchronous buck converter, combined into a positive buck– boost converter, uses the same power switches. Here it makes the circuit to be compact and the corresponding cost to be down. Voltage conversion ratio is 2D,so it is also called 2D converter.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yigeng Huangfu
2016-06-01
Full Text Available This paper aims to focus on the smooth output of DC-DC buck converters in wireless power transfer systems under input perturbations and load disturbances using the high-order sliding mode controller (HOSM and HOSM with super-twisting differentiator (HOSM + STD. The proposed control approach needs only measurement of converter output voltage. Theoretical analysis and design procedures, as well as the super-twisting differentiator of the proposed controller are presented in detail with the prescribed convergence law of high-order sliding modes. Comparisons of both simulation and experimental results among conventional proportional-integral (PI control, traditional sliding mode control (SMC, HOSM and HOSM + STD under various test conditions such as steady state, input voltage perturbations and output load disturbances, are presented and discussed. The results demonstrate and validate the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed control method.
A fast novel soft-start circuit for peak current-mode DC—DC buck converters
Jie, Li; Miao, Yang; Weifeng, Sun; Xiaoxia, Lu; Shen, Xu; Shengli, Lu
2013-02-01
A fully integrated soft-start circuit for DC—DC buck converters is presented. The proposed high speed soft-start circuit is made of two sections: an overshoot suppression circuit and an inrush current suppression circuit. The overshoot suppression circuit is presented to control the input of the error amplifier to make output voltage limit increase in steps without using an external capacitor. A variable clock signal is adopted in the inrush current suppression circuit to increase the duty cycle of the system and suppress the inrush current. The DC—DC converter with the proposed soft-start circuit has been fabricated with a standard 0.13 μm CMOS process. Experimental results show that the proposed high speed soft-start circuit has achieved less than 50 μs start-up time. The inductor current and the output voltage increase smoothly over the whole load range.
A fast novel soft-start circuit for peak current-mode DC-DC buck converters
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Jie; Yang Miao; Sun Weifeng; Lu Xiaoxia; Xu Shen; Lu Shengli
2013-01-01
A fully integrated soft-start circuit for DC-DC buck converters is presented.The proposed high speed soft-start circuit is made of two sections:an overshoot suppression circuit and an inrush current suppression circuit.The overshoot suppression circuit is presented to control the input of the error amplifier to make output voltage limit increase in steps without using an external capacitor.A variable clock signal is adopted in the inrush current suppression circuit to increase the duty cycle of the system and suppress the inrush current.The DC-DC converter with the proposed soft-start circuit has been fabricated with a standard 0.13 μm CMOS process.Experimental results show that the proposed high speed soft-start circuit has achieved less than 50 μs start-up time.The inductor current and the output voltage increase smoothly over the whole load range.
Analysis of high voltage step-up nonisolated DC-DC boost converters
Alisson Alencar Freitas, Antônio; Lessa Tofoli, Fernando; Junior, Edilson Mineiro Sá; Daher, Sergio; Antunes, Fernando Luiz Marcelo
2016-05-01
A high voltage step-up nonisolated DC-DC converter based on coupled inductors suitable to photovoltaic (PV) systems applications is proposed in this paper. Considering that numerous approaches exist to extend the voltage conversion ratio of DC-DC converters that do not use transformers, a detailed comparison is also presented among the proposed converter and other popular topologies such as the conventional boost converter and the quadratic boost converter. The qualitative analysis of the coupled-inductor-based topology is developed so that a design procedure can be obtained, from which an experimental prototype is implemented to validate the theoretical assumptions.
Digitally-controlled PC-interfaced Boost Converter for Educational Purposes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ljusev, Petar; Andersen, Michael A. E.
2004-01-01
This paper describes implementation of a simple digital PID control algorithm for a boost converter using a cheap fixed-point 8-bit microcontroller. Serial communication to a PC server program is established for easier downloading of compensator parameters and current and voltage waveform...... acquisition. At the end, client program is presented which uses TCP/IP connection for operating the digitally controlled boost converter over Internet. The aim of this cheap and flexible PC-interfaced boost converter bench is predominantly educational, to allow students to synthesize different digital...
Modelling, analyses and design of switching converters
Cuk, S. M.; Middlebrook, R. D.
1978-01-01
A state-space averaging method for modelling switching dc-to-dc converters for both continuous and discontinuous conduction mode is developed. In each case the starting point is the unified state-space representation, and the end result is a complete linear circuit model, for each conduction mode, which correctly represents all essential features, namely, the input, output, and transfer properties (static dc as well as dynamic ac small-signal). While the method is generally applicable to any switching converter, it is extensively illustrated for the three common power stages (buck, boost, and buck-boost). The results for these converters are then easily tabulated owing to the fixed equivalent circuit topology of their canonical circuit model. The insights that emerge from the general state-space modelling approach lead to the design of new converter topologies through the study of generic properties of the cascade connection of basic buck and boost converters.
High Frequency Soft Switching Of PWM Boost Converter Using Auxiliary Resonant Circuit
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
C. P. Sai Kiran
2014-10-01
Full Text Available This thesis presents High frequency Soft Switching DC-DC boost Converter. The circuit consists of a general Boost Converter with an additional resonant circuit which has a switch, inductor, capacitor and a diode.In general Boost Converter circuits have snubber circuits where switching losses are dissipated in external passive resistors; which is known as hard switching. As the switching frequency of PWM converters is increased its switching losses and conduction losses also increases. This restricts the use of PWM technique. New Zero Voltage Transition-Zero Current Transition (ZVT-ZCT PWM converter equipped with the snubber provides the most desirable features of both ZVT and ZCT converters presented previously. Moreover all semiconductors devices operate with soft switching and hence losses are reduced.
Startup Capability of Boost DC/DC Converter%Boost DC/DC的低压启动能力
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
向乾尹; 冯全源
2011-01-01
An analytical model was proposed to calculate the minimum startup voltage of a boost DC/ DC converter under a constant current load. The factors, such as the current load, the parasitic parameters, the saturation current and on-resistance of the power switch, the switching frequency, and the minimum startup voltage, etc. , which affect the startup capability of the boost DC/DC converter were analyzed with a steady-state analysis method. The model was applied to the design of a boost DC/ DC converter with a 0. 6 jxm CMOS process, and the maximum error of the minimum startup voltage calculated by the proposed model was 4. 5% compared with that by the HSPICE simulator.%为了准确预测Boost DC/DC低压启动能力,采用稳态分析方法,分析了电流负载、寄生参数、功率开关饱和电流及导通阻抗、开关频率、启动电路最低工作电压等因素对Boost DC/DC低压启动能力的影响,提出了预测Boost DC/DC恒流负载下最小启动电压的解析模型.将该模型应用于采用0.6 μm CMOS工艺的Boost DC/DC设计中,模型计算结果相对HSPICE仿真结果的最大误差为4.5%.本模型可推广至恒定电阻负载的情况.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
毛鹏; 王川云; 徐明; 臧强
2012-01-01
Working principle of single-phase Boost-Buck power factor correction converter was analyzed, and the current control method of the converter in pure Boost and pure Buck mode was analyzed also. A new dual-mode control scheme constituting average current mode control and charge control was proposed. With this control scheme, input current of the converter can be well controlled not only in Boost mode, but also in Buck mode when the peak input voltage is larger than the output voltage, and high input power factor can be achieved meanwhile. Diagram of the dual-mode alternative control scheme was given, and the realizing method of charge control in digital control system was proposed. Validity of the theory analysis and the control scheme was verified through experimental results. Research results of this paper are referable for the control of single-phase cascaded Buck-Boost converter.%分析单相Boost-Buck功率因数校正变换器的工作原理,并对变换器在纯Boost和纯Buck模式下的电流控制问题进行分析.针对交流侧输入电压峰值大于输出电压的情况,提出由平均电流控制和电荷控制构成的双模式控制方案,确保变换器在一个基波周期内,不论在Boost,还是在Buck工作模式期间都可实现对输入电流的控制,达到功率因数校正的目的.文中给出双模式交替控制方案控制框图,并给出电荷控制方案的数字实现方法,最后通过实验对理论分析的正确性和控制方案的有效性进行验证.研究成果对于单相级联型Boost-Buck变换器的控制也有一定参考价值.
耦合电感宽输入有源升降压逆变器%Wide Input Active Boost-Buck Inverter With Coupled Inductors
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吴冬春; 阚加荣; 汤雨; 何耀华
2014-01-01
传统升压电路由于占空比的限制，升压能力有限，要使输出电压恒定，输入直流电压不能太低。提出了一种耦合电感宽输入有源升降压逆变器，分析了电路的工作模态、开关管应力和电路增益。通过设置耦合电感的匝比，在输入电压较低时，该电路可以实现较高幅值的交流电压输出；输入电压较高时可以实现降压逆变。适时修正耦合电感 Boost AC/AC 电路的占空比，可以使电路增益保持恒定。仿真和实验结果表明该电路能够在较宽的输入电压范围内实现升压和降压逆变。%Due to the restriction of duty cycle the boost capacity of traditional boost circuit is constrained, therefore to make the output voltage constant the input DC voltage cannot be too low. A wide input active boost-buck inverter with coupled inductors is proposed, and the operating mode of the circuit, the voltage stress of the valves and the gain of the circuit are analyzed. By means of setting the turn-ratio of the coupled inductors, the proposed circuit can output AC voltage with higher amplitude under lower input voltage;and the buck inversion can be implemented under higher input voltage. Modifying the duty ratio of the boost AC/AC circuit of the coupled inductors in time can make the gain of the circuit constant. Results of simulation and experiments show that using the proposed circuit the voltage boost and buck can be implemented within a wider input range of voltage range.
A new interleaved double-input three-level boost converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Chen, Jianfei; Hou, Shiying; Sun, Tao
2016-01-01
. The operating principle of the DITLB converter under the individual supplying power (ISP) and simultaneous supplying power (SSP) mode is analyzed. In addition, closed-loop control strategies composed of a voltage-current loop and a voltage-balance loop, have been researched to make the converter operate......This paper proposes a new interleaved double-input three-level Boost (DITLB) converter, which is composed of two boost converters indirectly in series. Thus, a high voltage gain, together with a low component stress and a small input current ripple due to the interleaved control scheme, is achieved...
A High Efficiency Boost Converter with MPPT Scheme for Low Voltage Thermoelectric Energy Harvesting
Guan, Mingjie; Wang, Kunpeng; Zhu, Qingyuan; Liao, Wei-Hsin
2016-11-01
Using thermoelectric elements to harvest energy from heat has been of great interest during the last decade. This paper presents a direct current-direct current (DC-DC) boost converter with a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) scheme for low input voltage thermoelectric energy harvesting applications. Zero current switch technique is applied in the proposed MPPT scheme. Theoretical analysis on the converter circuits is explored to derive the equations for parameters needed in the design of the boost converter. Simulations and experiments are carried out to verify the theoretical analysis and equations. A prototype of the designed converter is built using discrete components and a low-power microcontroller. The results show that the designed converter can achieve a high efficiency at low input voltage. The experimental efficiency of the designed converter is compared with a commercial converter solution. It is shown that the designed converter has a higher efficiency than the commercial solution in the considered voltage range.
Application handbook for a Standardized Control Module (SCM) for DC-DC converters, volume 1
Lee, F. C.; Mahmoud, M. F.; Yu, Y.
1980-01-01
The standardized control module (SCM) was developed for application in the buck, boost and buck/boost DC-DC converters. The SCM used multiple feedback loops to provide improved input line and output load regulation, stable feedback control system, good dynamic transient response and adaptive compensation of the control loop for changes in open loop gain and output filter time constraints. The necessary modeling and analysis tools to aid the design engineer in the application of the SCM to DC-DC Converters were developed. The SCM functional block diagram and the different analysis techniques were examined. The average time domain analysis technique was chosen as the basic analytical tool. The power stage transfer functions were developed for the buck, boost and buck/boost converters. The analog signal and digital signal processor transfer functions were developed for the three DC-DC Converter types using the constant on time, constant off time and constant frequency control laws.
A Three-Phase Interleaved Floating Output Boost Converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ajmal Farooq
2015-01-01
Full Text Available High step-up dc-dc converter is an essential part in several renewable energy systems. In this paper, a new topology of step-up dc-dc converter based on interleaved structure is proposed. The proposed converter uses three energy storing capacitors to achieve a high voltage gain. Besides the high voltage gain feature, the proposed converter also reduces the voltage stress across the semiconductor switches. This helps in using low rating switching devices which can reduce the overall size and cost of the converter. The operating principle of the proposed converter is discussed in detail and its principle waveforms are analyzed. An experiment is carried out on a 20 V input, 130 V output, and 21 W power prototype of the proposed converter in the laboratory to verify the performance of the proposed converter. An efficiency of 91.3% is achieved at the rated load.
Optimizing the dynamics of a two-cell DC-DC buck converter by time delayed feedback control
Feki, M.; El Aroudi, A.; Robert, B. G. M.; Martínez-Salamero, L.
2011-11-01
A study of the dynamical behavior of a two-cell DC-DC buck converter under a digital time delayed feedback control (TDFC) is presented. Various numerical simulations and dynamical aspects of this system are illustrated in the time domain and in the parameter space. Without TDFC, the system may present many undesirable behaviors such as sub-harmonics and chaotic oscillations. TDFC is able to widen the stability range of the system. Optimum values of parameters giving rise to fast response while maintaining stable periodic behavior are given in closed form. However, it is detected that in a certain region of the parameter space, the stabilized periodic orbit may coexist with a chaotic attractor. Boundary between basins of attraction are obtained by means of numerical simulations.
A Survey on Voltage Boosting Techniques for Step-Up DC-DC Converters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Forouzesh, Mojtaba; Siwakoti, Yam Prasad; Gorji, Saman Asghari;
2016-01-01
, researches on new voltage boosting techniques are inevitable for various power converter applications. This can be achieved either by additional magnetic or by electric field storage elements with switching elements (switch and/or diode) in different configurations. Such combination of primary voltage...... boosting techniques and topologies are large, which at times may be confusing and difficult to follow/adapt for different applications. Considering these aspects and in order to make a clear sketch of the general law and framework of various voltage boosting techniques, this paper comprehensively reviews...... different voltage boosting techniques and categorizes them according to their circuit performance....
Sheppard-Taylor Isolated High Boost DC-DC Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Chub, Andrii; Siwakoti, Yam Prasad; Vinnikov, Dmitri
2017-01-01
This paper presents a new galvanically isolated step-up dc-dc converter intended for low-power but high step-up applications. The proposed converter is capable of regulating output voltage within a wide range of the input voltage or load variations. In contrast to competitors, the converter can b...
New Multiphase Hybrid Boost Converter with Wide Conversion Ratio for PV System
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ioana-Monica Pop-Calimanu
2014-01-01
Full Text Available A new multiphase hybrid boost converter, with wide conversion ratio as a solution for photovoltaic energy system, is presented in this paper. To ensure that all the phases of the converter operate at the same switching frequency we use interleaving topology. The proposed converter can be used as an interface between the PV system and the DC load/inverter. This multiphase converter has the advantage of reduced value and physical size of the input and output capacitor as well as the effort for the inductors. To validate the operation of the converter we provide the analyses and the simulation results of the converter.
Research of an active Buck-Boost Inverter Under Dual Mode Modulation%有源升降压逆变器双模式调制策略研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
何耀华; 汤雨; 董仙美
2014-01-01
The inverter used in new energy power generation system should have the ability to adapt a wide range of DC input voltage. Based on the active buck-boost inverter which consists of a full bridge and Boost AC/AC part, two modulation methods were compared: constant boost ratio modulation and dual mode modulation. Along with the relationship of the input DC voltage and the reference AC voltage, the converter completes buck or boost inversion with different equivalent circuits and there are fewer switches working at high frequency in dual mode modulation, which is in favor of the system with high efficiency. The current of the inductor and the current stress of the switches was analyzed in this paper. Experimental results were presented to verify that the proposed topology can achieve dual mode operation with wide range of input voltage.%新能源发电系统要求逆变器具有宽输入电压适应能力，该文基于有源升降压逆变器拓扑，对恒升压比调制和双模态调制两种调制方法进行对比。双模态调制根据不同的直流输入与瞬时的交流输出电压大小关系，使电路呈现出不同的等效电路结构，且每种结构均只有部分开关管高频工作，有利于提高变换效率。还对两种调制下电感电流、开关管电流应力进行分析比较。实验结果表明，该变换器可双模式工作，具有宽输入电压适应能力。
Silva-Ortigoza, R.; Silva-Ortigoza, G.; Hernandez-Guzman, V. M.; Saldana-Gonzalez, G.; Marcelino-Aranda, M.; Marciano-Melchor, M.
2012-01-01
We introduce a dc/dc boost power converter as a didactic prototype intended to support courses on electric circuit analysis experimentally. The corresponding mathematical model is obtained, the converter is designed and an experimental setup is described, constructed and tested. Simplicity of construction as well as low cost of components renders…
Design of a High Efficiency Boost DC-DC Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GAO Jing; YAO Suying; XU Jiangtao; SHI Zaifeng
2009-01-01
An accurate circuit of PWM/PFM mode converting and a circuit of auto-adaptively adjusting dimension of power transistor are described. The duty cycle of the signal when the control mode converts can be gained accu-rately by using ratios of currents and capacitances, and an optimal dimension of power transistor is derived with different loads. The converter is designed by 0.35 μm standard CMOS technology. Simulation results indicate that the converter starts work at 0.8 V input voltage. Combined with synchronized rectification, the transfer efficiency is higher than 90% with full load range, and achieves 97.5% at rating output.
Practical Implementation of Embedded Controlled Boost Converter for Solar Installation System
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. Kalirasu
2010-08-01
Full Text Available The solar photovoltaic power has received great attention and experienced impressive progress in the countries all over the world in recent years because of more and more serious energy crisis and environmental pollution. This paper proposes a Embedded controlled boost converter for solar installation system. Boost converter system is simulated using Matlab and it is implemented using embedded controller. The simulation and experimental results of this system are presented and compared. This converter has advantages like improved power factor, fast response and reduced hardware.
A Zero Input Current Ripple ZVS/ZCS Boost Converter with Boundary-Mode Control
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ching-Ming Lai
2014-10-01
Full Text Available In this paper, in order to achieve zero ripple conditions, the use of a ripple mirror (RM circuit for the boost converter is proposed. The operation modes are studied and steady-state analyses performed to show the merits of the proposed converter. It is found that the proposed RM circuit technique can provide much better flexibility than the two-phase interleaved boost converter for locating the zero ripple operating point in the design stage. In addition, the choice of using a boundary-mode control is mainly based on the consideration of achieving both ZVS (zero voltage switching/ZCS (zero current switching soft-switching and constant on-time control for the converter. To verify the performance of the proposed converter, a 48 V input and 200 W/200 V output prototype is constructed. Experimental results verify the effectiveness of the proposed converter.
Calderone, Luigi; Pinola, Licia; Varoli, Vincenzo
1992-04-01
The paper describes an analytical procedure to optimize the feed-forward compensation for any PWM dc/dc converters. The aims of achieving zero dc audiosusceptibility was found to be possible for the buck, buck-boost, Cuk, and SEPIC cells; for the boost converter, however, only nonoptimal compensation is feasible. Rules for the design of PWM controllers and procedures for the evaluation of the hardware-introduced errors are discussed. A PWM controller implementing the optimal feed-forward compensation for buck-boost, Cuk, and SEPIC cells is described and fully experimentally characterized.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pi Changming; Yan Wei; Zhang Ke; Li Wenhong, E-mail: wenhongli@fudan.edu.c [State Key Laboratory of ASIC and Systems, Fudan University, Shanghai 201203 (China)
2010-08-15
This paper presents a width controller, a dead time controller, a discontinuous current mode (DCM) controller and a frequency skipping modulation (FSM) controller for a high frequency high efficiency buck DC-DC converter. To improve the efficiency over a wide load range, especially at high switching frequency, the dead time controller and width controller are applied to enhance the high load efficiency, while the DCM controller and FSM controller are proposed to increase the light load efficiency. The proposed DC-DC converter controllers have been designed and fabricated in the Chartered 0.35 {mu}m CMOS process, and the measured results show that the efficiency of the buck DC-DC converter is above 80% over a wide load current range from 8 to 570 mA, and the peak efficiency is 86% at 10 MHz switching frequency. (semiconductor integrated circuits)
Changming, Pi; Wei, Yan; Ke, Zhang; Wenhong, Li
2010-08-01
This paper presents a width controller, a dead time controller, a discontinuous current mode (DCM) controller and a frequency skipping modulation (FSM) controller for a high frequency high efficiency buck DC-DC converter. To improve the efficiency over a wide load range, especially at high switching frequency, the dead time controller and width controller are applied to enhance the high load efficiency, while the DCM controller and FSM controller are proposed to increase the light load efficiency. The proposed DC-DC converter controllers have been designed and fabricated in the Chartered 0.35 μm CMOS process, and the measured results show that the efficiency of the buck DC-DC converter is above 80% over a wide load current range from 8 to 570 mA, and the peak efficiency is 86% at 10 MHz switching frequency.
Modelling and analysis of current-programmed ac/dc converters
Tymerski, R. P. E.; Daly, K. C.
1985-03-01
Current-programmed dc/dc converters operating at a fixed switching frequency are analyzed using state-space averaged modeling. For converters operating in the continuous conduction mode, general closed form expressions that describe the dynamic ac small signal characteristics of the converter are obtained. A reduced order model is used to derive the control current input-to-output voltage, audio susceptibility and output impedance small signal ac transfer functions for the ideal buck, boost, and buck-boost converters operating in the continuous conduction model. It is shown that state-space averaging can correctly predict instability on the buck converter. Current-programmed converters operating in the discontinuous conduction mode are addressed, showing that the transfer functions are represented by a finite pole and a zero at infinity. Instability is predicted for the buck converter when an external ramp is omitted and the output-to-input voltage ratio is greater than or equal to two-thirds.
Alatawi, Khaled; Almasoudi, Fahad; Matin, Mohammad
2016-09-01
The Wide band-gap (WBG) materials "such as Silicon Carbide (SiC) and Gallium nitride (GaN)" based power switching devices provide higher performance capabilities compared to Si-based power switching devices. The wide band-gap materials based power switching devices outperform Si-based devices in many performance characteristics such as: low witching loss, low conduction loss, high switching frequencies, and high operation temperature. GaN based switching devices benefit a lot of applications such as: future electric vehicles and solar power inverters. In this paper, a DC-DC Buck converter based on GaN FET for low voltage and high current applications is designed and investigated. The converter is designed for stepping down a voltage of 48V to 12V with high switching frequency. The capability of the GaN FET based buck converter is studied and compared to equivalent SiC MOSFET and Si-based MOSFET buck converters. The analysis of switching losses and efficiency was performed to compare the performance capabilities of GaN FET, SiC MOSFET and Si-based MOSFET. The results showed that the overall switching losses of GaN FET are lower than that of SiC and Si-based power switching devices. Also, the performance capability of GaN devices with higher frequencies is studied. GaN devices with high frequencies will reduce the total size and the cost of the power converter. In Addition, the overall efficiency of the DC-DC Buck converter is higher with the GaN FET switching devices, which make it more suitable for low voltage and high current applications.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yu Jiale; Lü Danzhu; Hong Zhiliang
2012-01-01
A 1500 mA,10 MHz self-adaptive on-time (SOT) controlled buck DC-DC converter is presented.Both a low-cost ripple compensation scheme (RCS) and a self-adaptive on-time generator (SAOTG) are proposed to solve the system stability and frequency variation problem.Meanwhile a self-adaptive power transistor sizing (SAPTS)technique is used to optimize the efficiency especially with a heavy load.The circuit is implemented in a 2P4M 0.35 μm CMOS process.A small external inductor of 0.47 μH and a capacitor of 4.7 μF are used to lower the cost of the converter and keep the output ripple to less than 10 mV.The measurement results show that the overshoot of the load transient response is 8 mV @ 200 mA step and the dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) performance is a rise of 16 μs/V and a fall of 20μs/V.With a SAPTS technique and PFM control,the efficiency is maintained at more than 81% for a load range of 20 to 1 500 mA and the peak efficiency reaches 88.43%.
Adaptive switching frequency buck DC—DC converter with high-accuracy on-chip current sensor
Jinguang, Jiang; Fei, Huang; Zhihui, Xiong
2015-05-01
A current-mode PWM buck DC—DC converter is proposed. With the high-accuracy on-chip current sensor, the switching frequency can be selected automatically according to load requirements. This method improves efficiency and obtains an excellent transient response. The high accuracy of the current sensor is achieved by a simple switch technique without an amplifier. This has the direct benefit of reducing power dissipation and die size. Additionally, a novel soft-start circuit is presented to avoid the inrush current at the starting up state. Finally, this DC—DC converter is fabricated with the 0.5 μm standard CMOS process. The chip occupies 3.38 mm2. The accuracy of the proposed current sensor can achieve 99.5% @ 200 mA. Experimental results show that the peak efficiency is 91.8%. The input voltage ranges from 5 to 18 V, while a 2 A load current can be obtained. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41274047), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK2012639), the Science and Technology Enterprises in Jiangsu Province Technology Innovation Fund (No. BC2012121), and the Changzhou Science and Technology Support (Industrial) Project (No. CE20120074).
A new DC/AC boost transformerless converter in application of photovoltaic power generation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Wei, Mo; Loh, Poh Chiang; Blaabjerg, Frede
2011-01-01
This paper presents a new DC/AC boost transformerless converter in the applications of photovoltaic (PV) power generation. A new circuit topology of single phase full bridge power inverter with additional DC/DC boost stage is proposed. The proposed topology overcomes two commonly existing...... shortcomings of transformerless PV system: namely one, the voltage generated sometimes low and insufficient to fulfill the load requirement; and two, there always leakage current flowing through parasitic capacitance between PV panel and ground. This configuration helps to boost the voltage at the PV side...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sharma, Ranjan; Rasmussen, Tonny Wederberg; Jensen, Bogi Bech
2012-01-01
An electrical structure of a variable-speed wind turbine based on an externally excited synchronous generator; a passive diode rectifier; and a boost converter is discussed in this study. The clear advantage of such a system is its lower-semi-conductor devices count. A brief theoretical explanati...... in the study that such capacitors can be a major issue when high-frequency switching is applied to the voltage at the generator terminals. Some major results from the experimental work are included. The experimental setup used in this work is a scaled down 7.5=kVA system....... switching frequency of the boost converter (fs=1= kHz), the generator sub-transient inductance (not the synchronous inductance) appears as an equivalent inductance seen by the boost converter. The parasitic capacitors present in the generator terminals are often neglected from design issues. It is presented...
Park, Sung-Yun; Cho, Jihyun; Lee, Kyuseok; Yoon, Euisik
2015-12-01
We report a pulse width modulation (PWM) buck converter that is able to achieve a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of > 80% in light loads 100 μA) for implantable biomedical systems. In order to achieve a high PCE for the given light loads, the buck converter adaptively reconfigures the size of power PMOS and NMOS transistors and their gate drivers in accordance with load currents, while operating at a fixed frequency of 1 MHz. The buck converter employs the analog-digital hybrid control scheme for coarse/fine adjustment of power transistors. The coarse digital control generates an approximate duty cycle necessary for driving a given load and selects an appropriate width of power transistors to minimize redundant power dissipation. The fine analog control provides the final tuning of the duty cycle to compensate for the error from the coarse digital control. The mode switching between the analog and digital controls is accomplished by a mode arbiter which estimates the average of duty cycles for the given load condition from limit cycle oscillations (LCO) induced by coarse adjustment. The fabricated buck converter achieved a peak efficiency of 86.3% at 1.4 mA and > 80% efficiency for a wide range of load conditions from 45 μA to 4.1 mA, while generating 1 V output from 2.5-3.3 V supply. The converter occupies 0.375 mm(2) in 0.18 μm CMOS processes and requires two external components: 1.2 μF capacitor and 6.8 μH inductor.
Fuzzy control of power converters based on quasilinear modelling
Li, C. K.; Lee, W. L.; Chou, Y. W.
1995-03-01
Unlike feedback control by the fuzzy PID method, a new fuzzy control algorithm based on quasilinear modelling of the DC-DC converter is proposed. Investigation is carried out using a buck-boost converter. Simulation results demonstrated that the converter can be regulated with improved performance even when subjected to input disturbance and load variation.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kanimozhi Kannabiran
2016-01-01
Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación es mejorar la respuesta dinámica del sistema de convertidor DC-DC con incertidumbres en los parámetros internos. La metodología de control por modo deslizante en las obras existentes se basa en un sistema de control proporcional-integral-derivativo (PID. El presente trabajo aborda diversas cuestiones en un enfoque unificado para el diseño y la aplicación de la modulación de ancho de pulso (PWM basado en control digital por modos deslizantes adaptativos (CMD, técnica de control para el controlador buck para los teléfonos móviles que funcionan en modo continuo de conducción (MCC y el modo de conducción discontinua (MCD. El controlador está programado para controlar la ganancia de la condición de carga de salida y cambiar adaptativamente los parámetros de control para dar un rendimiento dinámico óptimo correspondiente a las variaciones de carga. Además, la estabilidad se verifica analíticamente utilizando el criterio de estabilidad de Lyapunov y se prueba que el sistema es global y asintóticamente estable. Finalmente, la eficacia del método propuesto se verifica mediante la simulación y experimentación. Se obtiene una respuesta estable en estado estacionario con ondulación reducida.
Quasi-Y-Source Boost DC–DC Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Siwakoti, Yam Prasad; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang
2015-01-01
In this letter, a new topology called “quasi-Y-source dc-dc converter” is presented. It inherits all the advantages of the original Y-source converter. In addition, the new topology draws a continuous current from the source, which is definitely more appropriate for most renewable sources. It als...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Silva-Ortigoza
2013-01-01
differential flatness property of the DC-motor model is exploited in order to propose a first-stage controller, which is designed to achieve the desired angular velocity trajectory. This controller provides the voltage profiles that must be tracked by the Buck converter. Then, a second-stage controller is meant to assure the aforementioned. This controller is based on flatness property of the Buck power converter model, which provides the input voltage to the DC motor. Due to the fact that the two-stage controller proposed uses the average model of the system, as a practical and effective implementation of this controller, a Σ − Δ-modulator is employed. Finally, in order to verify the control performance of this approach, numerical simulations are included.
Study on bifurcation and stability of the closed-loop current-programmed boost converters
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhao Yi-Bo; Zhang Dao-Yang; Zhang Chi-Jian
2007-01-01
In order to predict bifurcation point of the closed-loop current-programmed boost converter and enable this converter to operate at stable parameter space, this paper firstly establishes stroboscopic maps for this converter in the continuous conduction mode according to operating characteristics and topple of this converter. Parameter space at the steady state and bifurcation types are analysed together with stability theory of nonlinear equation. In the solving course, the duty cycle is avoided because of inversive solution, and accuracy is increased. Finally, correction is proved by numerical calculation.
DC-Modulated PFC Buck-Type AC/AC Converter for Light Dimming
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
罗方林; 叶虹
2007-01-01
Dimmers are very widely applied in theatres, cinemas, dancing-parties, auditoriums and signal systems. They are usually supplied by single-stage AC/AC converters in the past with voltage regulation technique with the disadvantages of high total harmonic distortion, low power factor and poor power transfer efficiency. This paper introduces a novel method-DC-modulation that implements DC/DC conversion technology into AC/AC converters. The DC-modulated single-stage PFC AC/AC converters effectively improved the power factor up to 0.999 and the power transfer efficiency up to 97.8 %. The experimental results verified our design and calculation. This technique will be widely used in light dimming and other industrial applications.
Differential Mode EMI Filter Design for Isolated DC-DC Boost Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Makda, Ishtiyaq Ahmed; Nymand, Morten
2014-01-01
is identified first. The DM noise model is then established and based on the harmonic analysis of the noise source voltage waveform, the complete Differential Mode EMI filter, including the filter resonance damping branch, is designed for a 3kW isolated dc-dc boost converter. The noise model and its theoretical......A Differential Mode EMI filter for a low input voltage high-current isolated dc-dc boost converter is designed and presented in this paper. The primary side Differential Mode noise voltage is low due to the high transformer turn ratio, however, the input current is very high and since the EMI limit...... also does not change for such converters, it requires greatly optimized design approach for the filter including the correct sizing of the filter components. A complete analytical filter design process is carried out such a way that the Differential Mode noise voltage source in the converter...
Design and Implementation of High Frequency Buck Converter Using Multi-Layer PCB Inductor
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nour, Yasser; Ouyang, Ziwei; Knott, Arnold;
2016-01-01
Increasing the switching frequency for switch mode power supplies is one of methods to achieve smaller, lighter weight and cheaper power converters. This work investigates the opportunity of using two layer circular spiral inductors implemented in a 150 μm finished thickness printed circuit board...
Analysis and Comparison of Magnetic Structures in a Tapped Boost Converter for LED Applications
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mira Albert, Maria del Carmen; Knott, Arnold; Andersen, Michael A. E.
2014-01-01
This paper presents an an alysis and comparison of magnetics structures in a tapped boost converter for LED applications. The magnetic structure is a coupled inductor which is analyzed in a conventional wire-wound core as well as in a planar structure for different interleaving winding arrangemen....... The analysis is performed in term s of leakage inductance, winding capacitance and winding loss. Efficiency measurements are performed to verify the effect on the converter performance...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Natsheh, Ammar N.; Kettleborough, J. Gordon [Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU (United Kingdom); Nazzal, Jamal M. [Faculty of Engineering, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Post Code 19328 Amman (Jordan)], E-mail: jnazzal@ammanu.edu.jo
2009-03-15
The paper describes an experimental study of the bifurcation behaviour of a modular peak current-mode controlled DC-DC boost converter. The parallel-input/parallel-output converter comprises two identical boost circuits and operates in the continuous-current conduction mode. A comparison is made between the results obtained from an experimental converter with those obtained from bifurcation diagrams generated from previous work and waveforms from a new MATLAB/SIMULINK simulation presented in this paper. Another comparison is made between the modular converter diagrams with those of the single boost converter.
DOUBLE-BOOST DC-AC CONVERTER WITH SLIDING-MODE CONTROL FOR PORTABLE AUDIO
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bolten Maizonave, Gert; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.; Kjærgaard, Claus
2009-01-01
The double-boost topology is studied for operation as a dc-ac converter and single stage audio amplifier. A sliding-mode controller is designed in order to achieve fast enough response for the whole audio frequency range. Symmetric, asymmetric and interleaved operation modes are analyzed....
Robust control of boost PFC converter using adaptive PLL for line synchronization
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Török, Lajos; Mathe, Laszlo; Munk-Nielsen, Stig
2013-01-01
The continuous development of the digital processing technology made advanced control strategies available for switched-mode power-supply applications. This paper presents the study and implementation of an adaptive Phased-Locked Loop (PLL)-based grid-fault tolerant control of a boost PFC converter...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Saubhik Maulik
2014-02-01
Full Text Available The electrical energy available in the utility grid is not suitable for direct use in many applications. In particular, applications requiring DC source must involve an interface device between the AC power line and the load requiring the DC voltage. Conventional AC/DC conversion involves diode rectifiers with large capacitor to reduce DC voltage ripple. The filter capacitor reduces the ripple present in the output voltage but draws non-sinusoidal line current which reduces the power factor. So power factor correction (PFC techniques are gaining increasing attention. The most popular topology for active PFC is boost converter as it draws continuous input current. This input current can be manipulated by average current mode control technique. But there are ripple in the input current due to inductor of boost converter which can be minimized by using two phase interleaved boost converter. Here average current mode controlled interleaved boost converter in continuous conduction mode using PI controller, is represented which provides high power factor and low THD.
A High-Efficiency Monolithic DC-DC PFM Boost Converter with Parallel Power MOS Technique
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hou-Ming Chen
2013-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a high-efficiency monolithic dc-dc PFM boost converter designed with a standard TSMC 3.3/5V 0.35 μm CMOS technology. The proposed boost converter combines the parallel power MOS technique with pulse-frequency modulation (PFM technique to achieve high efficiency over a wide load current range, extending battery life and reducing the cost for the portable systems. The proposed parallel power MOS controller and load current detector exactly determine the size of power MOS to increase power conversion efficiency in different loads. Postlayout simulation results of the designed circuit show that the power conversion is 74.9–90.7% efficiency over a load range from 1 mA to 420 mA with 1.5 V supply. Moreover, the proposed boost converter has a smaller area and lower cost than those of the existing boost converter circuits.
Buck DC DC converter using fuzzy logic control for no linear load
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rubén Darío Bonilla Isaza
2016-06-01
Method: Through Simulink MATLAB was built a DC-DC converter of closed loop, which is placed in series with a controller based on fuzzy logic. The control inputs are the voltage signal and its derivative, and the output is a constant value, which tunes the duty cycle of a pulse modulator (PWM. This adjust the output of voltage of the controller according to a desired reference. The fuzzy controller was built with membership functions in which linguistic variables that explain when a value of output of voltage must be corrected and when the voltage variation is out of the established ranges between -1 and 1 percent of allowable variation were integrated. Results: To evaluate the performance of this type of control compared to a DC-DC converter with control of closed loop of unity gain, obtaining a 40% improvement in the integral of area regarding the fuzzy controller, with a stabilization time of 0.01s. In non-linear loads, there are random phenomena or own unwanted effects of resonance circuit, then was emulated by interrupting cycles of a time-controlled switch.
Stability and bifurcation in a voltage controlled negative-output KY Boost converter
Wang, Fa-Qiang; Ma, Xi-Kui
2011-03-01
The stability and bifurcation in a voltage controlled negative-output KY Boost converter is studied in this Letter. A glimpse at the stability and bifurcation from the power electronics simulator (PSIM) software are given. And then, its mathematical model and corresponding discrete model are derived. The stability and bifurcation of the converter are determined with the help of the loci of eigenvalues of the Jacobian matrix. It is found that the Hopf bifurcation is easy to come in this converter when the value of its energy-transferring capacitor increases. Finally, the analytical results are confirmed by the circuit experiment.
An interleaved five-level boost converter with voltage-balance control
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Chen, Jianfei; Hou, Shiying; Deng, Fujin
2016-01-01
This paper proposes an interleaved five-level boost converter based on switched-capacitor network. Operating principle of the converter under CCM mode is analyzed. High voltage gain, low component stress, small input current ripple, and self-balance function for capacitor voltages in the switched......-capacitor networks are achieved. Besides, a three-loop control strategy including outer voltage loop, inner current loop and voltage-balance loop has been researched to achieve good performances and voltage-balance effect. Experimental study has been done to verify the correctness and feasibility of the proposed...... converter and control strategy....
Designing of new structure PID controller of boost converter for solar photovoltaic stability
Shabrina, Hanifati Nur; Setiawan, Eko Adhi; Sabirin, Chip Rinaldi
2017-03-01
Nowadays, the utilization of renewable energy as the source on distributed generation system is increasing. It aims to reduce reliance and power losses from utility grid and improve power stability in near loads. One example of renewable energy technology that have been highly proven on the market is solar photovoltaic (PV). This technology converts photon from sunlight into electricity. However, the fluctuation of solar radiation that often occurs become the main problem for this system. Due to this condition, the power conversion is needed to convert the change frequently in photovoltaic panel into a stable voltage to the system. Developing control of boost converter has important role to keep ability of system stabilization. A conventional PID (Proportional, Integral, Derivative) control is mostly used to achieve this goal. In this research, a design of new structure PID controller of boost converter is offered to better optimize system stability comparing to the conventional PID. Parameters obtained from this PID structure have been successfully yield a stable boost converter output at 200 V with 10% overshoot, 1.5 seconds of settling time, and 1.5% of steady-state error.
Real Coded Genetic Algorithm Based Improvement of Efficiency in Interleaved Boost Converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
K Valarmathi
2015-02-01
Full Text Available The reliability, efficiency, and controllability of Photo Voltaic power systems can be increased by embedding the components of a Boost Converter. Currently, the converter technology overcomes the main problems of manufacturing cost, efficiency and mass production. Issue to limit the life span of a Photo Voltaic inverter is the huge electrolytic capacitor across the Direct Current bus for energy decoupling. This paper presents a two-phase interleaved boost converter which ensures 180 angle phase shift between the two interleaved converters. The Proportional Integral controller is used to reshape that the controller attempts to minimize the error by adjusting the control inputs and also real coded genetic algorithm is proposed for tuning of controlling parameters of Proportional Integral controller. The real coded genetic algorithm is applied in the Interleaved Boost Converter with Advanced Pulse Width Modulation Techniques for improving the results of efficiency and reduction of ripple current. Simulation results illustrate the improvement of efficiency and the diminution of ripple current.
Ohyama, Kazuhiro; Sakamoto, Tsuyoshi; Arinaga, Shinji; Yamashita, Yukio
This paper proposes variable-speed wind generation system using the boost converter. The proposed system has three speed control modes for the wind velocity. The control mode of low wind velocity regulates the armature current of the generator with the boost converter to control the speed of wind turbine. The control mode of middle wind velocity regulates the DC link voltage with the vector controlled inverter to control the speed of wind turbine. The control mode of high wind velocity regulates the pitch angle of the wind turbine with the pitch angle control system to control the speed of wind turbine. The hybrid of three control modes extends the variable-speed range. The proposed system simplifies the maintenance and improves the reliability and reduces the cost in compare with the variable-speed wind generation system using PWM converter. This paper describes the control strategy and modeling for simulation using Matlab Simulink of the proposed system. Also this paper describes the control strategy and modeling of variable-speed wind generation system using PWM converter. The steady state and transient responses for wind velocity changes are simulated using the Matlab Simulink. This paper verifies the fundamental performance of the system using boost converter by discussing the simulation results of the both systems.
Design of a total-dose radiation hardened monolithic CMOS DC-DC boost converter
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Liu Zhi; Yu Hongbo; Liu Youbao [Xi' an Institute of Microelectronics Technology, Xi' an 710054 (China); Ning Hongying, E-mail: liuzhi6048@126.com [Xi' an University of Technology, Xi' an 710048 (China)
2011-07-15
This paper presents the design and implementation of a monolithic CMOS DC-DC boost converter that is hardened for total dose radiation. In order to improve its radiation tolerant abilities, circuit-level and device-level RHBD (radiation-hardening by design) techniques were employed. Adaptive slope compensation was used to improve the inherent instability. The H-gate MOS transistors, annular gate MOS transistors and guard rings were applied to reduce the impact of total ionizing dose. A boost converter was fabricated by a standard commercial 0.35 {mu}m CMOS process. The hardened design converter can work properly in a wide range of total dose radiation environments, with increasing total dose radiation. The efficiency is not as strongly affected by the total dose radiation and so does the leakage performance. (semiconductor integrated circuits)
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
El Fadil, H.; Giri, F.; Guerrero, Josep M.
2013-01-01
This paper deals with the problem of controlling energy generation systems including fuel cells (FCs) and interleaved boost power converters. The proposed nonlinear adaptive controller is designed using sliding mode control (SMC) technique based on the system nonlinear model. The latter accounts...... for the boost converter large-signal dynamics as well as for the fuel-cell nonlinear characteristics. The adaptive nonlinear controller involves online estimation of the DC bus impedance ‘seen’ by the converter. The control objective is threefold: (i) asymptotic stability of the closed loop system, (ii) output...... voltage regulation under bus impedance uncertainties and (iii) equal current sharing between modules. It is formally shown, using theoretical analysis and simulations, that the developed adaptive controller actually meets its control objectives....
Design and real time implementation of single phase boost power factor correction converter.
Bouafassa, Amar; Rahmani, Lazhar; Mekhilef, Saad
2015-03-01
This paper presents a real time implementation of the single-phase power factor correction (PFC) AC-DC boost converter. A combination of higher order sliding mode controller based on super twisting algorithm and predictive control techniques are implemented to improve the performance of the boost converter. Due to the chattering effects, the higher order sliding mode control (HOSMC) is designed. Also, the predictive technique is modified taking into account the large computational delays. The robustness of the controller is verified conducting simulation in MATLAB, the results show good performances in both steady and transient states. An experiment is conducted through a test bench based on dSPACE 1104. The experimental results proved that the proposed controller enhanced the performance of the converter under different parameters variations.
Control analysis and experimental verification of a practical dc–dc boost converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Saswati Swapna Dash
2015-12-01
Full Text Available This paper presents detailed open loop and closed loop analysis on boost dc–dc converter for both voltage mode control and current mode control. Here the boost dc–dc converter is a practical converter considering all possible parasitic elements like ESR and on state voltage drops. The open loop control, closed loop current mode control and voltage mode control are verified. The comparative study of all control techniques is presented. The PI compensator for closed loop current mode control is designed using these classical techniques like root locus technique and bode diagram. The simulation results are validated with the experimental results of voltage mode control for both open loop and closed loop control.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bhaskar, Mahajan Sagar; Padamanaban, Sanjeevi Kumar; Blaabjerg, Frede
2016-01-01
In this paper hybrid non isolated and non-invertingCockcroft-Walton multiplier based 2Nx InterleavedBoost converter (2Nx IBC) for renewable energy applications is presented. The presented hybrid boost converter topology is derived from non-inverting Nx Multilevel Boost Converter (Nx MBC......) and inverting Nx Multilevel Boost Converter (Nx MBC). In renewable energy applications, generated voltage needs to be stepped up with high conversion ratio using a DC-DC converter at voltage levels as per the application requirement. The advantages of the presentedtopology of interleaved converter are high...... voltage conversion ratio, reduce ripple, low voltage stress, non-inverting output voltage without utilizing the high duty cycle, coupled inductors and transformer. The main advantage of presented topology consists in increasing voltage gain by adding capacitor and diode into circuitry without disturbing...
Switch failure diagnosis based on inductor current observation for boost converters
Jamshidpour, E.; Poure, P.; Saadate, S.
2016-09-01
Face to the growing number of applications using DC-DC power converters, the improvement of their reliability is subject to an increasing number of studies. Especially in safety critical applications, designing fault-tolerant converters is becoming mandatory. In this paper, a switch fault-tolerant DC-DC converter is studied. First, some of the fastest Fault Detection Algorithms (FDAs) are recalled. Then, a fast switch FDA is proposed which can detect both types of failures; open circuit fault as well as short circuit fault can be detected in less than one switching period. Second, a fault-tolerant converter which can be reconfigured under those types of fault is introduced. Hardware-In-the-Loop (HIL) results and experimental validations are given to verify the validity of the proposed switch fault-tolerant approach in the case of a single switch DC-DC boost converter with one redundant switch.
Common mode noise modeling and its suppression in ultra-high efficiency full bridge boost converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Makda, Ishtiyaq Ahmed; Nymand, Morten; Madawala, Udaya
2013-01-01
In this paper, common mode noise modeling of low-voltage high-current isolated full bridge boost dc-dc converters intended for fuel cell application is presented. Due to the tightly coupled primary and secondary windings of the transformer, such converter has inherently large capacitive coupling...... between input and output which is normally associated with high common mode noise generation. In this work, common mode noise sources in the converter are identified, and a common mode noise model is developed. Based on the established noise model, a practical CM filter is designed to comply...... with the CISPR-A requirements. Finally, a 3kW dc-dc converter including filters has been built and tested to verify the theoretical model. Experimental results confirm the theoretical analysis of the converter....
Integrated on-chip 0.35 μm BiCMOS current-mode DC-DC buck converter
Lee, Chan-Soo; Kim, Nam-Soo; Gendensuren, Munkhsuld; Choi, Jae-Ho; Choi, Joong-Ho
2012-12-01
A current-mode DC-DC buck converter with a fully integrated power module is presented in this article. The converter is implemented using BiCMOS technology in amplifier and power MOSFET in a current sensor. The current sensor is realised by the power lateral double-diffused MOSFET with the aspect ratio much larger than that of a matched p-MOSFET. In addition, BiCMOS technology is applied in the error amplifier for an accurate current sensing and a fast transient response. The DC-DC converter is fabricated with 0.35 µm BiCMOS process. Experimental results show that the fully integrated converter operates at 1.3 MHz switching frequency with a supply voltage of 5 V. The output DC voltage is obtained as expected and the output ripple is controlled to be within 2% with a 30 µH off-chip inductor and 100 µF off-chip capacitor.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tiara Freitas
2015-09-01
Full Text Available A new application of the three-phase buck-resonant converter is presented in this paper. It is shown that the analyzed converter is suitable to operate as the rectifier stage in low power wind energy conversion systems (WECS based on permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG with variable wind speed. As main features, it presents a single controlled switch, simple implementation and control, and operates with a high power factor and low harmonic distortion over all wind speed ranges. The converter topology, its design equations and its operation are presented, as well as the simulation results of the PMSG based conversion system. From the analysis carried out in the paper it is concluded that the converter is indicated to be employed in distributed generation and hybrid systems where wind generation is associated with other sources.
Chunhong, Zhang; Haigang, Yang; Shi, Richard
2013-06-01
A synchronous buck DC—DC converter with an adaptive multi-mode controller is proposed. In order to achieve high efficiency over its entire load range, pulse-width modulation (PWM), pulse-skip modulation (PSM) and pulse-frequency modulation (PFM) modes were integrated in the proposed DC—DC converter. With a highly accurate current sensor and a dynamic mode controller on chip, the converter can dynamically change among PWM, PSM and PFM control according to the load requirements. In addition, to avoid power device damage caused by inrush current at the start up state, a soft-start circuit is presented to suppress the inrush current. Furthermore, an adaptive slope compensation (SC) technique is proposed to stabilize the current programmed PWM controller for duty cycle passes over 50%, and improve the degraded load capability due to traditional slope compensation. The buck converter chip was simulated and manufactured under a 0.35 μm standard CMOS process. Experimental results show that the chip can achieve 79% to 91% efficiency over the load range of 0.1 to 1000 mA
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Chunhong; Yang Haigang; Richard Shi
2013-01-01
A synchronous buck DC-DC converter with an adaptive multi-mode controller is proposed.In order to achieve high efficiency over its entire load range,pulse-width modulation (PWM),pulse-skip modulation (PSM)and pulse-frequency modulation (PFM) modes were integrated in the proposed DC-DC converter.With a highly accurate current sensor and a dynamic mode controller on chip,the converter can dynamically change among PWM,PSM and PFM control according to the load requirements.In addition,to avoid power device damage caused by inrush current at the start up state,a soft-start circuit is presented to suppress the inrush current.Furthermore,an adaptive slope compensation (SC) technique is proposed to stabilize the current programmed PWM controller for duty cycle passes over 50％,and improve the degraded load capability due to traditional slope compensation.The buck converter chip was simulated and manufactured under a 0.35μm standard CMOS process.Experimental results show that the chip can achieve 79％ to 91％ efficiency over the load range of 0.1 to 1000 mA.
Introducing state-trajectory control for the synchronous interleaved boost converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Peña-Alzola, Rafael; Ksiazek, Peter; Ordonez, Martin;
2015-01-01
Synchronous interleaved boost converters (SIBCs) result in lower ripple currents and bidirectional power flow. The boost topology has a non-minimum phase characteristic, producing instability problems when a large bandwidth is required. Linear controllers inherently limit the boost controller...... bandwidth, resulting in a slow response. In this paper, state-trajectory control of the SIBC based on boundary control is proposed to provide an outstanding dynamic response during start-up and sudden load changes, close to the physical limit of the system. The proposed controller and derivation provides...... a rigorous framework that deals with four switching states, and three state equations, resulting in a simple control law with very fast dynamic response. The normalized trajectories for the SIBC are determined in the geometric domain along with the control law. The exact trajectories are used for fast...
A New Method for Start-up of Isolated Boost Converters Using Magnetic- and Winding-Integration
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lindberg-Poulsen, Kristian; Ouyang, Ziwei; Sen, Gökhan
2012-01-01
is extended to other isolated boost family topologies. The principle of operation is demonstrated with a 800W isolated boost prototype, and a 1600W primary parallel series secondary isolated boost converter. Efficiency measurements of both prototypes are presented, including measurements during both start....... The traditional added flyback winding coupled to the boost inductor is thus eliminated from the circuit, bringing substantial cost savings, increased efficiency and simplified design. Each subinterval of the converter operation is described through electrical and magnetic circuit diagrams, and the concept...
MPPT of Magnus Wind System with DC Servo Drive for the Cylinders and Boost Converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maro Jinbo
2015-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents an algorithm MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking for a Magnus wind system with a DC servo drive system (DC drive and BLDC motor to rotate the turbine cylinders. The optimal cylinders rotation is the one to deliver the maximum power extracted from the wind tracked by fixed and adaptive step HCC (Hill Climbing Control acting on the servo drive. The proposed wind system consists of a PMSG (Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator, a three-phase diode rectifier, a DC/DC (boost converter, and a resistive load. Furthermore, the boost converter acts with the fixed step HCC algorithm to track the maximum power operating point. Therefore, the MPPT for a Magnus wind system requires both tracking for the optimal cylinder speed and the optimal generator speed.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ni, L.-X; Sun, K.; Zhang, L.
2011-01-01
The thermoelectric generation (TEG) system has its special charactristics of high stablility, low voltage and high current output, which is different from PV modules. The power conditioning system and control schemes used in PV applications cannot be directly applied to TEG applications. A power...... conditioning system for TEG based on interleaved Boost converter with maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control is investigated in this paper. Since an internal resistance exists inside TEG modules, an improved perturbation and observation (P&O) MPPT control scheme with power limit is proposed to extract...... maximum power from TEG by matching the load with internal resistance. Since the battery is usually employed as the load for TEG systems, the interleaved Boost converter operates in two different modes for battery charging: before the battery is fully charged, the system outputs the maximum power (MPPT...
Inductor Current Sampled Feedback Control of Chaos in Current-Mode Boost Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Bo-Cheng Bao; Jian-Ping Xu; Yan Liang
2008-01-01
A chaos control strategy for chaotic current-mode boost converter is presented by using inductor current sampled feedback control technique. The quantitative analysis of control mechanism is performed by establishing a discrete alterative map of the controlled system. The stability criterion, feedback gain, and corresponding critical duty ratio are obtained from the eigenvalue of the map. The simulation results verify the theoretical analysis results of the control strategy.
Sliding mode control of boost converter: Application to energy storage system via supercapacitors
Hijazi, Alaa; Di Loreto, Michaël; BIDEAUX, Eric; Venet, Pascal; Clerc, Guy; Rojat, Gérard
2009-01-01
INSPEC Accession Number: 10939325; International audience; Sliding mode control of boost converter is studied. In order to improve dynamical performances with static and dynamic specifications, we propose a systematic procedure to compute the gains of the controller based on an optimization scheme. This method is applied to the control of an energy storage system based on supercapacitors technology in order to regulate the output voltage. Given a system with large variations of input voltage ...
A high efficient integrated planar transformer for primary-parallel isolated boost converters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sen, Gökhan; Ouyang, Ziwei; Thomsen, Ole Cornelius;
2010-01-01
A simple, easy to manufacture and high efficient integrated planar transformer design approach for primary parallel isolated boost converters is presented. Utilizing the same phase flux flow, transformers are integrated, reducing the total ferrite volume and core loss for the same peak flux density...... of transformer integration is further extended to multiple primary power stages using modular geometry of the planar core, further reducing the core loss and allowing a higher power density. To verify the validity of the design approach, a 4-kW prototype converter with two primary power stages is implemented...
High Current Planar Transformer for Very High Efficiency Isolated Boost DC-DC Converters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pittini, Riccardo; Zhang, Zhe; Andersen, Michael A. E.
2014-01-01
This paper presents a design and optimization of a high current planar transformer for very high efficiency dc-dc isolated boost converters. The analysis considers different winding arrangements, including very high copper thickness windings. The analysis is focused on the winding ac-resistance a......This paper presents a design and optimization of a high current planar transformer for very high efficiency dc-dc isolated boost converters. The analysis considers different winding arrangements, including very high copper thickness windings. The analysis is focused on the winding ac......-resistance and transformer leakage inductance. Design and optimization procedures are validated based on an experimental prototype of a 6 kW dcdc isolated full bridge boost converter developed on fully planar magnetics. The prototype is rated at 30-80 V 0-80 A on the low voltage side and 700-800 V on the high voltage side...... with a peak efficiency of 97.8% at 80 V 3.5 kW. Results highlights that thick copper windings can provide good performance at low switching frequencies due to the high transformer filling factor. PCB windings can also provide very high efficiency if stacked in parallel utilizing the transformer winding window...
Radiation effects on DC-DC Converters
Zhang, Dexin; Attia, John O.; Kankam, Mark D. (Technical Monitor)
2000-01-01
DC-DC switching converters are circuits that can be used to convert a DC voltage of one value to another by switching action. They are increasing being used in space systems. Most of the popular DC-DC switching converters utilize power MOSFETs. However power MOSFETs, when subjected to radiation, are susceptible to degradation of device characteristics or catastrophic failure. This work focuses on the effects of total ionizing dose on converter performance. Four fundamental switching converters (buck converter, buck-boost converter, cuk converter, and flyback converter) were built using Harris IRF250 power MOSFETs. These converters were designed for converting an input of 60 volts to an output of about 12 volts with a switching frequency of 100 kHz. The four converters were irradiated with a Co-60 gamma source at dose rate of 217 rad/min. The performances of the four converters were examined during the exposure to the radiation. The experimental results show that the output voltage of the converters increases as total dose increases. However, the increases of the output voltage were different for the four different converters, with the buck converter and cuk converter the highest and the flyback converter the lowest. We observed significant increases in output voltage for cuk converter at a total dose of 24 krad (si).
Transformerless dc-Isolated Converter
Rippel, Wally E.
1987-01-01
Efficient voltage converter employs capacitive instead of transformer coupling to provide dc isolation. Offers buck/boost operation, minimal filtering, and low parts count, with possible application in photovoltaic power inverters, power supplies and battery charges. In photovoltaic inverter circuit with transformerless converter, Q2, Q3, Q4, and Q5 form line-commutated inverter. Switching losses and stresses nil because switching performed when current is zero.
Sai, Toru; Sugimoto, Yasuhiro
By using a quadratic compensation slope, a CMOS current-mode buck DC-DC converter with constant frequency characteristics over wide input and output voltage ranges has been developed. The use of a quadratic slope instead of a conventional linear slope makes both the damping factor in the transfer function and the frequency bandwidth of the current feedback loop independent of the converter's output voltage settings. When the coefficient of the quadratic slope is chosen to be dependent on the input voltage settings, the damping factor in the transfer function and the frequency bandwidth of the current feedback loop both become independent of the input voltage settings. Thus, both the input and output voltage dependences in the current feedback loop are eliminated, the frequency characteristics become constant, and the frequency bandwidth is maximized. To verify the effectiveness of a quadratic compensation slope with a coefficient that is dependent on the input voltage in a buck DC-DC converter, we fabricated a test chip using a 0.18µm high-voltage CMOS process. The evaluation results show that the frequency characteristics of both the total feedback loop and the current feedback loop are constant even when the input and output voltages are changed from 2.5V to 7V and from 0.5V to 5.6V, respectively, using a 3MHz clock.
Efficient, lightweight dc/dc switching converter
Cuk, S.; Middlebrook, R. D.
1981-01-01
Converters have input properties of boost power stage and output properties of buck power stage, yet they perform general conversion function with high efficiency. Other features include non-pulsating input/output currents, use of capacitive energy transfer, low output voltage ripple, reduced EMI, and small size.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bhaskar, Mahajan Sagar; Kulkarni, Rishi M.; Padmanaban, Sanjeevi Kumar;
2016-01-01
In this paper hybrid non isolated/ non inverting Nx interleaved DC-DC multilevel Boost Converter for renewable energy applications is presented. The presented hybrid topology is derived from the conventional interleaved converter and the Nx Multilevel boost converter. In renewable energy...... applications, generated energy cannot be directly used at application end. In most of the cases it needs to be stepped up with DC-DC converter at operating voltage levels as per the requirement of the application. Though conventional boost converter can theoretically be used for this purpose, but obtaining....... The advantages of presenting topology of DC-DC converter are high voltage conversion, reduce ripple, low voltage stress, non inverting without utilizing the high duty and transformer. The main advantage of presented topology is more number of levels can be increased by adding capacitor and diode circuitry...
High efficiency and low electromagnetic interference boost DC-DC converter
Yajun, Li; Xinquan, Lai; Qiang, Ye; Bing, Yuan
2014-04-01
A synchronous boost DC-DC converter with an adaptive dead time control (DTC) circuit and anti-ringing circuit is presented. The DTC circuit is used to provide adjustable dead time and zero inductor current detection for power transistors and therefore, a high efficiency is achieved by minimizing power losses, such as the shoot-through current loss, the body diode conduction loss, the charge-sharing loss and the reverse inductor current loss. Simultaneously, a novel anti-ringing circuit controlled by the switching sequence of power transistors is developed to suppress the ringing when the converter enters the discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) for low electromagnetic interference (EMI) and additional power savings. The proposed converter has been fabricated in a 0.6 μm CDMOS technology. Simulation and experimental results show that the power efficiency of the boost converter is above 81% under different load currents from 10 to 250 mA and a peak efficiency of 90% is achieved at about 100 mA. Moreover, the ringing is easily suppressed by the anti-ringing circuit and therefore the EMI noise is attenuated.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Neeraj A. Keskar
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Power supplies in portable applications must not only conform and adapt to their highly integrated on-chip and in-package environments but also, more intrinsically, respond quickly to fast load dumps to achieve and maintain high accuracy. The frequency-compensation network, however, limits speed and regulation performance because it must cater to all combinations of filter capacitor , inductor L, and 's equivalent series resistance ESR resulting from tolerance and modal design targets. As such, it must compensate the worst-case condition and therefore restrain the performance of all other possible scenarios, even if the likelihood of occurrence of the latter is considerably high and the former substantially low. Sigma-delta (ΣΔ control, which addresses this issue in buck converters by easing its compensation requirements and offering one-cycle transient response, has not been able to simultaneously achieve high bandwidth, high accuracy, and wide ESRLC compliance in boost converters. This paper presents a dual-mode ΣΔ boost bypass converter, which by using a high-bandwidth bypass path only during transient load-dump events was experimentally 1.41 to 6 times faster than the state of the art in current-mode ΣΔ boost supplies, and this without any compromise in ESRLC compliance range (0–50 mΩ, 1–30 H, and 1–350 F.
Optimized MPPT algorithm for boost converters taking into account the environmental variables
Petit, Pierre; Sawicki, Jean-Paul; Saint-Eve, Frédéric; Maufay, Fabrice; Aillerie, Michel
2016-07-01
This paper presents a study on the specific behavior of the Boost DC-DC converters generally used for powering conversion of PV panels connected to a HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) Bus. It follows some works pointing out that converter MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracker) is severely perturbed by output voltage variations due to physical dependency of parameters as the input voltage, the output voltage and the duty cycle of the PWM switching control of the MPPT. As a direct consequence many converters connected together on a same load perturb each other because of the output voltage variations induced by fluctuations on the HVDC bus essentially due to a not insignificant bus impedance. In this paper we show that it is possible to include an internal computed variable in charge to compensate local and external variations to take into account the environment variables.
Fully integrated planar magnetics for primary-parallel isolated boost converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ouyang, Ziwei; Sen, Gökhan; Thomsen, Ole Cornelius;
2011-01-01
by interleaving the primary and secondary turns of the transformers. To verify the validity of the design approach, a 1-kW prototype converter with two primary power stages is implemented for a fuel cell fed battery charger application with 20–40 V input and 170–230 V output. An efficiency of 96% can be achieved......A high efficient planar integrated magnetics (PIM) design approach for primary parallel isolated boost converters is presented. All magnetic components in the converter including two input inductors and two transformers with primary-parallel and secondary-series windings are integrated into an E......-I-E core geometry. Due to a low reluctance path provided by the shared I-core, the two transformers as well as the two input inductors can be integrated independently, reducing the total ferrite volume and core loss. AC losses in the windings and the leakage inductance of the transformer are kept low...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mr. D. Lenine
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The Proposal of this paper is to introduce a new control technique for power factor correction in ac-dc converters. The increasing of non linear loads such as thyristor rectifiers, switching-mode power supplies and adjustable speed drives, generate harmonic currents causing various problems to the other equipment connected to the point of common coupling. There is a disadvantage in the existing PFC control implementation based on conventional hysteresis current control is variable switching frequency. The proposed control technique, it combines the advantages of conventional hysteresis control strategy and the prominent characteristics of constant switching frequency. The fundamental idea consists in determining the ideal time period that exists between the moment when the input current crosses with the reference current and the converter commutation. Thus the input current can oscillate around the reference current with constant frequency of operation. The principal of operation, theoretical analysis, simulation results on a single phase boost converter are presented.
Cascaded H-Bridge with Bidirectional Boost Converters for Energy Storage
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Trintis, Ionut; Munk-Nielsen, Stig; Teodorescu, Remus
2011-01-01
This paper presents the design and control of a cascaded H-bridge converter for energy storage with bidirectional boost converter as charge/discharge unit. The disadvantage of the second harmonic on the main energy storage unit as well as its voltage variation with the state of charge is solved...... by this structure. The independent phase grid control is proposed for this topology. This strategy is able to control the average dc-link voltage for each phase independently and to balance the cells capacitors voltages. The balance of the energy storage units is achieved by controlling independently each cell...... charge/discharge current, together with the capacitors voltage control and balancing. Converter cell loss distribution and total loss over a wide battery voltage variation is calculated for charge/discharge operation modes for a 4.16 kV grid coupling point and 5 MW rated power....
Load adaptive start-up scheme for synchronous boost DC-DC converter
Guoding, Dai; Wenliang, Xiu; Yuezhi, Liu; Yawei, Qi; Zuqi, Dong
2016-10-01
This paper presents a load adaptive soft-start scheme through which the inductor current of the synchronous boost DC-DC converter can trace the load current at the start-up stage. This scheme effectively eliminates the inrush-current and over-shoot voltage and improves the load capability of the converter. According to the output voltage, the start-up process is divided into three phases and at each phase the inductor current is limited to match the load. In the pre-charge phase, a step-increasing constant current gives a smooth rise of the output voltage which avoids inrush current and ensures the converter successfully starts up at different load situations. An additional ring oscillator operation phase enables the converter to start up as low as 1.4 V. When the converter enters into the system loop soft-start phase, an output voltage and inductor current detection methods make the transition of the phases smooth and the inductor current and output voltage rise steadily. Effective protection circuits such as short-circuit protection, current limit circuit and over-temperature protection circuit are designed to guarantee the safety and reliability of the chip during the start-up process. The proposed start-up circuit is implemented in a synchronous boost DC-DC converter based on TSMC 0.35 μm CMOS process with an input voltage range 1.4-4.2 V, and a steady output voltage 5 V, and the switching frequency is 1 MHz. Simulation results show that inrush current and overshoot voltage are suppressed with a load range from 0-2.1 A, and inductor current is as low as 259 mA when the output shorts to the ground.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bhaskar, Mahajan Sagar; Sanjeevikumar, Padmanaban; Wheeler, Patrick
2016-01-01
A New breed of a buck boost converter, named as the XY converter family is proposed in this article. In the XY family, 16 topologies are presented which are highly suitable for renewable energy applications which require a high ratio of DC-DC converter; such as a photovoltaic multilevel inverter...... system, high voltage automotive applications and industrial drives. Compared to the traditional boost converter and existing recent converters, the proposed XY converter family has the ability to provide a higher output voltage by using less number of power devices and reactive components. Other distinct...... features of the XY converter family are i) Single control switch ii) Provide negative output voltage iii) Non-isolated topologies iv) High conversion ratio without making the use of high duty cycle and v) modular structure. XY family is compared with the recent high step-up converters and the detailed...
Cuk, S.; Middlebrook, R. D.
1977-01-01
A method for modelling switching converters in the discontinuous conduction mode is developed, whose starting point is the unified state-space representation, and whose end result is a complete linear circuit model which correctly represents all essential features, namely, the input, output, and transfer properties (static dc as well as dynamic ac small signal). While the method is generally applicable to any switching converter operating in the discontinuous conduction mode, it is extensively illustrated for the three common power stages (buck, boost, and buck-boost). The results for these converters are then easily tabulated owing to the fixed equivalent circuit topology of their canonical circuit model.
Boost Converter Fed High Performance BLDC Drive for Solar PV Array Powered Air Cooling System
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shobha Rani Depuru
2017-01-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes the utilization of a DC-DC boost converter as a mediator between a Solar Photovoltaic (SPV array and the Voltage Source Inverters (VSI in an SPV array powered air cooling system to attain maximum efficiency. The boost converter, over the various common DC-DC converters, offers many advantages in SPV based applications. Further, two Brushless DC (BLDC motors are employed in the proposed air cooling system: one to run the centrifugal water pump and the other to run a fan-blower. Employing a BLDC motor is found to be the best option because of its top efficiency, supreme reliability and better performance over a wide range of speeds. The air cooling system is developed and simulated using the MATLAB/Simulink environment considering the steady state variation in the solar irradiance. Further, the efficiency of BLDC drive system is compared with a conventional Permanent Magnet DC (PMDC motor drive system and from the simulated results it is found that the proposed system performs better.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
P.Sathya
2013-02-01
Full Text Available this paper presents the design and implementation of high performance closed loop Boost converter for solar powered HBLED lighting system. The proposed system consists of solar photovoltaic module, a closed loop boost converter and LED lighting module. The closed loop boost converter is used to convert a low level dc input voltage from solar PV module to a high level dc voltage required for the load. To regulate the output of the converter, closed loop voltage feedback technique is used. The feedback voltage is compared with a reference voltage and a control signal is generated and amplified. The amplified signal is fed to 555 Timer which in turn generates a PWM signal which controls the switching of MOSFET. Thus by switching of MOSFET it would try to keep output as constant. Initially the boost converter, timer circuit, amplifier circuit and LED light circuits are designed, simulated and finally implemented in printed circuit board. The simulation studies are carried out in MULTISIM. Theexperimental results for solar PV and boost converter obtained in both software and hardware are presented here.
基于SG的Buck变换器自适应反步法控制%Adaptive Backstepping Control for Buck Converter via System Generator
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王艳; 陈进军; 纪志成
2009-01-01
针对Buck变换器的非线性特性,考虑在电感电流连续导通模式下的数学模型,采用自适应反步法设计其闭环控制器,同时基于System Generator提出了数字控制器的实现方法,并分析了其负载扰动和电源扰动特性,将仿真结果与PI控制方式相比较,结果表明自适应反步控制的优越性和System Generator设计开发的有效性,为FPGA实现Buck变换器的数字控制器提供了新的设计流程,也为进一步研究其他DC-DC变换器的非线性控制提供了新思路.%Taking the nonlinear characteristic of Buck converter,a closed loop controller using adaptive backstepping method is presented based on the continuous current mode of the converter. A design method of digital controller via system generator(SG)is proposed. The performance undergoing disturbances both from load and power is analyzed. The simulation results show that the adaptive backstepping controller is superior to the PI controller. A novel design flow of the digital controller is provided for Buck converter using FPGA,as well as a new way is provided for further research of nonlinear control for other DC-DC converters.
一种基于STD的Buck变换器滑模控制%A STD Based Sliding Mode Control Design for DC-DC Buck Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
皇甫宜耿; 卓生荣; 王小飞; 蒋康博
2016-01-01
针对新能源用DC⁃DC Buck变换器常规滑模控制需要同时检测变换器输出电压和滤波电容电流，提出一种基于super⁃twisting微分器（ STD）的滑模控制器。与常规滑模控制器相比，所提出的控制方法只需检测变换器输出电压，无需测量电容电流，因此可以将电流传感器从控制环路中移除，从而简化控制系统。仿真实验结果表明，与常规滑模控制器相比，所提出的STD滑模控制具有更小的稳态误差，同时保留了对输入电压扰动和输出负载扰动的强鲁棒性。%The conventional sliding mode control design for DC⁃DC buck converter needs to measure the converter output voltage and the capacitor current simultaneously. In contrast to this, the paper proposes an innovative super⁃twisting differentiator ( STD) based sliding mode control for DC⁃DC buck converter. The STD based sliding mode control only needs to measure the converter output voltage. There is no need to measure the capacitor current, such that the current sensor can be removed from the control loop, thus the control system is simplified. It has been dem⁃onstrated by simulation results that when compared with conventional sliding mode control, the proposed STD sliding mode control can achieve smaller steady state voltage error and at the same time, the strong robustness a⁃gainst the input voltage perturbation and load resistance disturbance can also be preserved.
Al-Hindawi, Mohammed M.; Abusorrah, Abdullah; Al-Turki, Yusuf; Giaouris, Damian; Mandal, Kuntal; Banerjee, Soumitro
Photovoltaic (PV) systems with a battery back-up form an integral part of distributed generation systems and therefore have recently attracted a lot of interest. In this paper, we consider a system of charging a battery from a PV panel through a current mode controlled boost dc-dc converter. We analyze its complete nonlinear/nonsmooth dynamics, using a piecewise model of the converter and realistic nonlinear v-i characteristics of the PV panel. Through this study, it is revealed that system design without taking into account the nonsmooth dynamics of the converter combined with the nonlinear v-i characteristics of the PV panel can lead to unpredictable responses of the overall system with high current ripple and other undesirable phenomena. This analysis can lead to better designed converters that can operate under a wide variation of the solar irradiation and the battery's state of charge. We show that the v-i characteristics of the PV panel combined with the battery's output voltage variation can increase or decrease the converter's robustness, both under peak current mode control and average current mode control. We justify the observation in terms of the change in the discrete-time map caused by the nonlinear v-i characteristics of the PV panel. The theoretical results are validated experimentally.
Optimization of a neural architecture for the direct control of a Boost converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fredy Hernán Martinez Sarmiento
2012-06-01
Full Text Available In research related to control of DC/DC converters, artificial intelligence techniques are a great improvement in the design and performance. However, some of these tools require the use of trial and error strategies in the design, making it difficult to obtain an optimal structure. In this paper, we propose a direct control based on artificial neural network, whose design has been optimized using bio-inspired searching strategies, with the idea of optimizing simultaneously two different but important aspects of the network: architecture and weights connections. The control was successfully applied to a boost type converter. The results obtained allow us to observe the dynamic performance of the scheme, in which the response time and variation in the output voltage can be concluded that the criteria used for the control loop design were appropriate.
Isolated Wired and Wireless Battery Charger with Integrated Boost Converter for PEV Applications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chinthavali, Madhu Sudhan [ORNL; Onar, Omer C [ORNL; Campbell, Steven L [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL
2015-01-01
Integrated charger topologies that have been researched so far are with the dc-dc converters and the charging functionality usually have no isolation in the system. Isolation is an important feature that is required for user interface systems that have grid connections and therefore is a major limitation that needs to be addressed along with the integrated functionality. This study features a unique way of combining the wired and wireless charging functionalities with vehicle side boost converter integration and maintaining the isolation to provide the best solution to the plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) users. The new performance of the proposed architecture is presented for wired and wireless charging options at different power levels.
Yang, Ning-Ning; Liu, Chong-Xin; Wu, Chao-Jun
2012-08-01
In this paper, the fractional-order mathematical model and the fractional-order state-space averaging model of the Buck—Boost converter in continuous conduction mode (CCM) are established based on the fractional calculus and the Adomian decomposition method. Some dynamical properties of the current-mode controlled fractional-order Buck—Boost converter are analysed. The simulation is accomplished by using SIMULINK. Numerical simulations are presented to verify the analytical results and we find that bifurcation points will be moved backward as α and β vary. At the same time, the simulation results show that the converter goes through different routes to chaos.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
丁世宏; 王加典; 黄振跃; 赵德安
2015-01-01
农业装备中普遍存在多种扰动，这些扰动对Buck变换器的输出电压影响很大，传统的比例积分PI（proportional integral）控制方法较难取得满意的控制效果。针对这一问题，该文基于扰动观测理论，提出了一种抗扰动控制方法。首先，采用变参数PI控制器代替传统PI控制器，作为改进的PI控制器。该变参数PI控制器不仅具有传统PI稳定简便的特点，而且通过实时调整PI参数可使系统在不同阶段都具有较高的性能。然后，设计扰动观测器（disturbance observer， DOB）观测出参数摄动与负载变化所带来的系统扰动，将其作为补偿量补偿到前馈通道，形成复合控制器，提高系统的收敛速度与抗扰动能力。最后，通过仿真和试验，分别验证了该算法的有效性。试验证明，采用这种基于扰动补偿的复合控制器可使Buck变换器在负载突变时，恢复时间缩短了71.4%，输出电压误差减小了20.8%。在输入突变时，恢复时间缩短了58.3%，输出电压误差减小了30.0%，有效地提高了Buck变换器的稳定性和抗扰动性。该研究为提高Buck变换器的控制性能提供了参考。%There are a variety of disturbances wide existing in the agricultural devices, including uncertain parameters, input voltage variations and load changes and these perturbations heavily affect the output voltage of the Buck converter. The traditional proportional integral (PI) control methods are difficult to obtain satisfactory performance. To solve this problem, many nonlinear theories have been applied to the Buck converter for obtaining better control performance. However, the implementation of these nonlinear controllers, such as adaptive controller and fuzzy-neural controller, generally requires complex hardware circuit or advanced processor, which increases the cost of the production and reduces the reliability of the control circuit. In this paper, based
Wind Energy Conversion System with Boost Converter and CHB MLI with single DC input
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Porselvi T
2014-03-01
Full Text Available The developments in power electronics technology have led to the developments in the wind energy conversion system (WECS. The output voltage of the WECS depends on the speed of the wind, which is not constant. Hence, a power conversion unit is required to maintain the output voltage of the WECS constant. This paper presents the design of a boost converter and a voltage controller for maintaining the DC-link voltage of the system constant. A new topology of the cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter (CHB MLI is proposed for the DC/ AC conversion. The proposed topology eliminates the requirement of separate DC sources. The multilevel inverter is controlled by the selective harmonic elimination pulse width modulation (SHE-PWM technique. The system is simulated in MATLAB/ Simulink for varying wind speeds. The simulated waveforms of the PMSG rotor speed, the PMSG voltage, the boost converter voltage and the CHBMLI voltages are shown and the results obtained are found to be satisfactory.
New PWM switched-mode converter topologies
Hua, Gui-Chao; Huang, Shi-Peng
Two augmented switching cells are proposed from which four novel topologies can be derived: an augmented buck converter, an augmented boost converter, a novel switching power amplifier, and a novel switching controlled rectifier. The augmented buck and the augmented boost converters realize higher step-down and step-up ratios, respectively, under a given switch duty ratio by proper design of the turn ratios of the transformer and coupled inductor. The switching power amplifier achieves four-quadrant output by the use of two bidirectional current switches and a single power supply, while the inverse converter can be used as a switching controlled rectifier. The experimental verification of the power amplifier is presented.
A feed-forward controlled AC-DC boost converter for biomedical implants.
Jiang, Hao; Lan, Di; Lin, Dahsien; Zhang, Junmin; Liou, Shyshenq; Shahnasser, Hamid; Shen, Ming; Harrison, Michael; Roy, Shuvo
2012-01-01
Miniaturization is important to make implants clinic friendly. Wireless power transfer is an essential technology to miniaturize implants by reducing their battery size or completely eliminating their batteries. Traditionally, a pair of inductively-coupled coils operating at radio-frequency (RF) is employed to deliver electrical power wirelessly. In this approach, a rectifier is needed to convert the received RF power to a stable DC one. To achieve high efficiency, the induced voltage of the receiving coil must be much higher than the turn-on voltage of the rectifying diode (which could be an active circuit for low turn-on voltage) [1]. In order to have a high induced voltage, the size of the receiving coil often is significantly larger than rest of the implant. A rotating magnets based wireless power transfer has been demonstrated to deliver the same amount of power at much lower frequency (around 100 Hz) because of the superior magnetic strength produced by rare-earth magnets [2]. Taking the advantage of the low operating frequency, an innovative feed-forward controlled AC to DC boost converter has been demonstrated for the first time to accomplish the following two tasks simultaneously: (1) rectifying the AC power whose amplitude (500 mV) is less than the rectifier's turn-on voltage (1.44 V) and (2) boosting the DC output voltage to a much higher level (5 V). Within a range, the output DC voltage can be selected by the control circuit. The standard deviation of the output DC voltage is less than 2.1% of its mean. The measured load regulation is 0.4 V/kΩ. The estimated conversion efficiency excluding the power consumption of the control circuits reaches 75%. The converter in this paper has the potential to reduce the size of the receiving coil and yet achieve desirable DC output voltage for powering biomedical implants.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Padmanaban, Sanjeevi Kumar; Blaabjerg, Frede; Siano, Pierluigi
2016-01-01
converter with inbuilt voltage-lift technique and overcome the aforementioned deficiencies. Further, the control strategy is adapted based on proportional-integral (P-I) and fuzzy logic, closed-loop controller to regulate the outputs and ensure the performances. Complete hardware prototype of EHV converter......This paper presents the control strategies by Proportional-Integral (P-I) and Fuzzy Logic (FL) for a DC-DC boost power converter for high output voltage configuration. Standard DC-DC converters are traditionally used for high voltage direct current (HVDC) power transmission systems. But, lack its...... performances in terms of efficiency, reduced transfer gain and increased cost with sensor units. Moreover, the internal self-parasitic components reduce the output voltage and efficiency of classical high voltage converters (HVC). This investigation focused on extra high-voltage (EHV) DC-DC boost power...
Park, Jungyong; Kim, Shiho
2012-06-01
An analog maximum power point tracking (MPPT) circuit for a thermoelectric generator (TEG) is proposed. We show that the peak point of the voltage conversion gain of a boost DC-DC converter with an input voltage source having an internal resistor is the maximum power point of the TEG. The key characteristic of the proposed MPPT controller is that the duty ratio of the input clock pulse to the boost DC-DC converter shifts toward the maximum power point of the TEG by seeking the peak gain point of the boost DC-DC converters. The proposed MPPT technique provides a simple and useful analog MPPT solution, without employing digital microcontroller units.
Protection and regulation on direct-direct chopping converters
Barnaba, Alphonse
1992-01-01
The mathematical modeling of current protection and voltage regulation systems with different types of switching cells such as buck, boost, flyback, forward and current fed DC/DC converters is presented. Two original current sensors are also studied: they are used in the regulation and the protection of current loops. Their implementation and the associated test results are shown.
基于MATLAB的Buck/Boost直流变换器仿真%The Simulation of Buck/Boost DC-DC Converter Based on MATLAB
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
韩学民
2006-01-01
对Buck和Boost直流变换器电路进行介绍,并且应用Matlab分别进行建模、仿真.在仿真过程中,改变触发脉冲的占空比,从而改变变换器的输出电压、电流,与理论分析结果进行比较.
Rogelio, Garcia Retegui; Gustavo, Uicich; Mario, Benedetti; Gilles, Le Godec; Konstantinos, Papastergiou
2015-01-01
In the framework of a Transfer line (TT2) Consolidation Programme, a number of studies on Energy cycling have been commissioned. Part of this work involves the study of dierent power electronic system topologies for magnet energy recovery. In this report, the use of a boost front-end converter supplying DC link of a 4-quadrant magnet supply is analysed. The key objective of the study is to find control strategies that result in the control of the peak power required from the power network as well as to recover the magnet energy into capacitor banks with controlled voltage fluctuation. The study comprises the modelling of the system by means of the method of state averaging and the development of regulation strategies to energy management. The proposed control strategies can be divided in two groups: in the first group, the magnet current is used to define the reference for the control system, while in the second group this current is unknown and some strategies are devised to limit the power drawn from the el...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kawa Adam
2014-09-01
Full Text Available The paper treats about main problems of one phase DC-AC microinverters that allow single solar cell to be joined with the grid. One of the issues is to achieve high voltage gain with high efficiency in DC circuit, which is necessary for proper operation of inverter. The operating principles, results of practical implementation and investigations on boost-flyback converter, which meets mentioned demands, are presented. (high step-up DC-DC boost-flyback converter for single phase grid microinverter
Photovoltaic Power System with an Interleaving Boost Converter for Battery Charger Applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sheng-Yu Tseng
2012-01-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a photovoltaic (PV power system for battery charger applications. The charger uses an interleaving boost converter with a single-capacitor turn-off snubber to reduce voltage stresses of active switches at turn-off transition. Therefore, active switches of the charger can be operated with zero-voltage transition (ZVT to decrease switching losses and increase conversion efficiency. In order to draw the maximum power from PV arrays and obtain the optimal power control of the battery charger, a perturbation-and-observation method and microchip are incorporated to implement maximum power point tracking (MPPT algorithm and power management. Finally, a prototype battery charger is built and implemented. Experimental results have verified the performance and feasibility of the proposed PV power system for battery charger applications.
适合宽输入电压的单级升降压逆变器%A Single-stage Boost-Buck Inverter for Wide Range of Input Voltage
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
董仙美; 汤雨
2013-01-01
The output voltage range of PV cells is wide influenced by the environment, light, temperature and so on. The gird-connected inverters need to achieve voltage boost and inversion. Based on the structure of "virtual transformer", this paper presents a novel single-stage boost-buck inverter topology suitable for wide range input voltage, which can realize dc/ac and boost in single-stage power conversion. The "virtual transformer" with continuous ratio composed of high frequency power switch is proposed as a substitution for the traditional line frequency step-up transformer, which is in favor of the system with small volume, low weight and cost, easy integration and high efficiency. Analysis of the voltage buck and boost modes are presented followed by the implementation of the modulation strategy. Simulation and experimental results are presented to verify the proposed topology can achieve boost-buck inversion with wide range of input voltage.%光伏电池受环境、光照、温度等因素的影响,其输出电压范围宽,光伏并网逆变器需要完成逆变与升压两个功能.提出一种新型的适用于宽输入电压的单级式升降压逆变器拓扑,基于“虚拟变压器”的结构,在单级功率变换中实现逆变与升压的功能.采用高频的功率开关器件构成变比连续可调的虚拟升压变压器,替代传统笨重的工频升压变压器,使得逆变系统的体积、重量以及成本降低,易于集成,并且提高了变换效率.对该逆变器降压逆变与升压逆变的两种工作模式进行分析,给出调制策略的具体实现方案.仿真与实验结果表明,所提出的拓扑适合宽输入电压的升降压逆变场合.
The application of standardized control and interface circuits to three dc to dc power converters.
Yu, Y.; Biess, J. J.; Schoenfeld, A. D.; Lalli, V. R.
1973-01-01
Standardized control and interface circuits were applied to the three most commonly used dc to dc converters: the buck-boost converter, the series-switching buck regulator, and the pulse-modulated parallel inverter. The two-loop ASDTIC regulation control concept was implemented by using a common analog control signal processor and a novel digital control signal processor. This resulted in control circuit standardization and superior static and dynamic performance of the three dc-to-dc converters. Power components stress control, through active peak current limiting and recovery of switching losses, was applied to enhance reliability and converter efficiency.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Arulmurugan
2012-10-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a new dc to dc boost converter using closed loop control proportional Integral and Derivative mechanism for photovoltaic (PV standalone high voltage applications. The boost converter is composed of MOSFETs which are driven by closed loop PWM control. Many advantages including high efficiency, minimum number of switch, high voltage and power, low cost. This converter is attractive for high voltage and high power applications. The analysis and design considerations of the converter are presented. A prototype was implemented for an application requiring a 410W output power, input voltage range from 17.1-V, and a 317-V output voltage. The proposed system efficiency is about 90%.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Arulmurugan
2013-07-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a new dc to dc boost converter using closed loop control proportional Integral and Derivative mechanism for photovoltaic (PV standalone high voltage applications. The boost converter is composed of MOSFETs which are driven by closed loop PWM control. Many advantages including high efficiency, minimum number of switch, high voltage and power, low cost. This converter is attractive for high voltage and high power applications. The analysis and design considerations of the converter are presented. A prototype was implemented for an application requiring a 410W output power, input voltage range from 17.1-V, and a 317-V output voltage. The proposed system efficiency is about 90%.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sanjeevikumar, Padmanaban; Grandi, Gabriele; Wheeler, Patrick
2015-01-01
This paper presents the novel topology of Photo Voltaic (PV) power generation system with simple Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) algorithm in voltage operating mode. Power circuit consists of high output voltage DC-DC boost converter which maximizes the output of PV panel. Usually traditional...... of DC-DC converters for PV integration. Hence, to overcome these difficulties this paper investigates a DC-DC boost converter together with the additional parasitic component within the circuit to provide high output voltages for maximizing the PV power generation. The proposed power system circuit...... substantially improves the high output-voltage by a simple MPPT closed loop proportional-integral (P-I) controller, and requires only two sensor for feedback needs. The complete numerical model of the converter circuit along with PV MPPT algorithm is developed in numerical simulation (Matlab/Simulink) software...
2016-01-01
In recent days, fractional calculus (FC) has been accepted as a novel modeling tool that can extend the descriptive power of the traditional calculus. Fractional-order descriptiveness can increase the flexibility and degrees of freedom of the model by means of fractional parameters. Based on the fact that real capacitors and inductors are “intrinsic” fractional order, fractional calculus is introduced into the modeling process to establish a fractional-order state-space averaging model of the...
A tapped-inductor buck-boost converter for a multi-DEAP generator energy harvesting system
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dimopoulos, Emmanouil; Munk-Nielsen, Stig
2014-01-01
Interest on Dielectric ElectroActive Polymer (DEAP) generators has aroused among scientists in recent years, due to the former ones' documented advantages against competing electromagnetic and field-activated technologies. Yet, the need for bidirectional energy flow under high step-up and high st...
Mukherjee, Nilanjan; Strickland, Dani
2015-01-01
To fully utilize second-life batteries on the grid system, a hybrid battery scheme needs to be considered for several reasons: the uncertainty over using a single source supply chain for second-life batteries, the differences in evolving battery chemistry and battery configuration by different suppliers to strive for greater power levels, and the uncertainty of degradation within a second-life battery. Therefore, these hybrid battery systems could have widely different module voltage, capacit...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Michael Andreas E.
1997-01-01
Two new and simple methods to make predictions of the differential mode (DM) input filter requirements are presented, one for flyback and one for boost unity power factor converters. They have been verified by measurements. They give the designer the ability to predict the DM input noise filter...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gadalla, Brwene Salah Abdelkarim; Schaltz, Erik; Siwakoti, Yam Prasad
2017-01-01
Boost converters are needed in many applications which require the output voltage to be higher than the input voltage. Recently, boost type converters have been applied for industrial applications, and hence it has become an interesting topic of research. Many researchers proposed different imped...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gadalla, Brwene Salah Abdelkarim; Schaltz, Erik; Siwakoti, Yam Prasad
2017-01-01
Boost converters are needed in many applications which require the output voltage to be higher than the input voltage. Recently, boost type converters have been applied for industrial applications, and hence it has become an interesting topic of research. Many researchers proposed different imped...
Ahteshamul Haque
2016-01-01
The energy crisis concern leads to look for alternate source of energy. Solar energy is considered as most reliable among the all renewable energy sources. Solar PV (Photovoltaic) is used to convert solar energy into electric energy. The efficiency of solar PV is very low and its characteristic is nonlinear. To overcome these drawbacks a technique known as maximum power point tracking is used. This algorithm is implemented in the control circuit of DC – DC converter. The objective...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Makda, Ishtiyaq Ahmed; Nymand, M.
2013-01-01
This paper presents a practical method to design a Differential Mode EMI filter for fuel cell powered isolated full bridge dc-dc boost converter. As the input voltage of such converter is inherently low with very high dc and ripple currents and since the EMI limits also does not change...... for such application, it calls for a carefully optimized EMI filter which is designed and implemented in this work. Moreover, the negative input impedance of the regulated converter is extremely low; well-designed filter damping branch is also included. Differential mode noise is analyzed analytically for a 3KW/400V...
A High Power Boost Converter for PV Systems Operating up to 300 kHz using SiC Devices
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Anthon, Alexander; Zhang, Zhe; Andersen, Michael A. E.
2014-01-01
In this paper, a 3kW boost converter for PV applications using SiC devices is introduced. Main focus is to operate the converter over a wide range of switching frequency and to analyze the main loss distributors as well as the efficiency. The switching element is a recently introduced normally...... be operated at full power for a switching frequency of 100 kHz using natural cooling. At 200 kHz the boost converter is capable of operating at full power when forced air cooling is applied having a JFET case temperature of less than 90 C. The case temperature of the JFET increases up to 110 C at a switching...
基于Buck变换器的光伏电池最大功率跟踪器%Maximum Power Point Tracker for Solar Cell Based on Buck Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吴透明; 姚国兴; 孙磊
2011-01-01
This paper introduces the principles of photovoltaic maximum power point tracking with using Buck converter. A microcontroller-based MPPT system with buck converter is proposed .Experiment research is proceeded to the MPPT system with battery-load. Experiment results indicate that the controller has the MPPT function.%文章论述了利用Buck电路对光伏电池进行最大功率点跟踪的原理,提出了一种基于单片机的以Buck电路为核心的MPPT系统,并对以蓄电池为负载的系统进行了实验研究.实验结果表明该控制器达到了MPPT功能.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Natsheh, Ammar N. [Faculty of Engineering, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Post Code 19328 Amman (Jordan); Nazzal, Jamal M. [Faculty of Engineering, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Post Code 19328 Amman (Jordan)]. E-mail: jnazzal@ammanu.edu.jo
2007-08-15
This work describes the bifurcational behavior of a modular peak current-mode controlled DC-DC boost converter with multi bifurcation parameters. The parallel-input/parallel-output converter consists of two identical boost circuits and operates in the continuous-current conduction mode (CCM). A nonlinear mapping in closed form is derived and bifurcation diagrams are generated using MATLAB. A comparison is made between the modular converter diagrams with those of the single boost converter. The effect of introducing mutual coupling between the inductors of the constituent modules is also addressed. Results are verified using the circuit analysis package PSPICE.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bhaskar, Mahajan Sagar; Padmanaban, Sanjeevikumar; Blaabjerg, Frede
2016-01-01
In this treatise, 4Nx hybrid Non Inverting & Non Isolated (NI-NI) DC-DC interleaved multi-level boost converter (4Nx IMBC) for renewable energy applications is proposed. The proposed 4Nx IMBC is derived by coalescing the feature of 2Nx DC-DC Interleaved Multi-level Boost Converter (2Nx IMBC......), voltage-lift-switched-inductor-modified (VLSlm Cell) and Cockcroft Walton (CW) voltage multipliers. The 4Nx converter provides 4N times more conversion voltage ratio compared to conventional boost converter where N denotes the number of output stages of the 4Nx IMBC. To make renewable energy sources...
Simulating and research on DC-DC switching converter%DC-DC开关变换器的研究及仿真
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈岚峰; 邓玉福; 张亚琴; 张志美; 崔崧
2011-01-01
Switching converter have a wide range of application in the daily production and life. In this paper, the work principle of Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost are analyzed, they have the function of Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost. Under the conditions of given parameters, the simulation studies have been conducted by software of Pspice. The output voltages and the energy storage components current of switching converter have been showed by analysis of the simulation results. When the current of energy storage components stabilized after oscillation, the output voltages is also stabilized. The size of the output voltage can be changed by changing the duty cycle of the pulse. Simulation results show that and buck converter has a function of reducing the voltage, boost converter has a function of improving the voltage, buck-boost converter has a function of reducing or improving the voltage. We have a better understanding of the switching converter by simulating, thus providing a reference for the design of superior switching converter in the future.%开关变换器在日常生产和生活中都有着广泛的应用.对Buck,Boost,Buck-Boost 3种开关变换器的工作原理进行了分析,这3种开关变换器分别具有降压、升压和升降压的作用.并在给定参数的条件下,使用Pspice软件对它们进行了仿真研究,仿真结果给出了3种变换器输出电压情况,并给出了变换器中的储能元件中电流的变化情况.对仿真结果的分析,可以看出当储能元件中电流经过振荡趋于稳定时,电路的输出电压也趋于稳定,可以通过改变电路中脉冲的占空比来改变输出电压的大小.仿真结果显示,Buck变换器具有降压作用,Boost变换器具有升压作用,Buck-Boost具有升降压的作用.通过仿真更加了解了开关电源,为今后设计更优越的开关电源变换器提供了参考.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Yang, Xi-jun; Qu, Hao; Yao, Chen
2014-01-01
is selected as research subject, dedicated for the use of plasma cutting machine of 2×45kW, and the passivity-based control over the converter is analyzed theoretically at first, then simulated by means of MATLAB/SIMULINK, finally implemented on the modular product prototype. From the obtained results, it can...
高效率高增益Boost-Flyback直流变换器%High Efficiency High Step-up Boost-Flyback DC/DC Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吴红飞; 古俊银; 张君君; 邢岩; 陈国呈
2011-01-01
提出一种基于Boost拓扑与反激拓扑有机组合思想的Boost-Flyback变换器，Boost环节与反激环节共用输入支路，使电感一变压器的漏感能量得以利用，消除了漏感损耗，并实现了开关管电压钳位，减小了开关管电压应力；Boost与反激环节的输出支路串联，实现了高电压增益；Boost-Flybaek变换器输入并联输出串联，进一步提高了变换器的电压增益，同时减小了输入输出电压及电流纹波。提出新拓扑的DCM-ZVS工作模式控制方法，并在开环方式下实现了输出功率的控制。详细分析拓扑的工作原理、电压增益特性及控制方%A novel Boost-Flyback converter was proposed based on the combination of Boost and Flyback topologies. The energy stored in the leakage inductance of transformer is recycled and the active switch turn-off voltage is clamped by sharing the branch of the input side of the two topologies mentioned. High voltage gain is achieved with the output of Boost and Flyback topologies connected in series. The voltage gain of the converter is further improved with two of the Boost-Flybaek topologies proposed in input-in-parallel output-in-series connected. Devices stress, output and input voltage/current ripple are reduced. An output power control and discontinued current mode-zero voltage switching （DCM-ZVS） control were proposed also. The operational principle, voltage gain characteristics and principle of DCM-ZVS control method were analyzed in detail. The experimental results based on a 230 W 30 to 380 V DC/DC prototype verify the effectiveness of the theoretical analysis.
Predictive Trailing-Edge Modulation Average Current Control in DC-DC Converters
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
LASCU, D.
2013-11-01
Full Text Available The paper investigates predictive digital average current control (PDACC in dc/dc converters using trailing-edge modulation (TEM. The study is focused on the recurrence duty cycle equation and then stability analysis is performed. It is demonstrated that average current control using trailing-edge modulation is stable on the whole range of the duty cycle and thus design problems are highly reduced. The analysis is carried out in a general manner, independent of converter topology and therefore the results can then be easily applied for a certain converter (buck, boost, buck-boost, etc.. The theoretical considerations are confirmed for a boost converter first using the MATLAB program based on state-space equations and finally with the CASPOC circuit simulation package.
一种新型软开关 BUCK变换器%A NoveI Soft-switching BUCK Converter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘吉星; 沈锦飞
2014-01-01
磁耦合谐振式无线电能传输采用直流斩波调压控制传输功率，传统的直流斩波电路开关损耗大，因此提出了一种新型的软开关BUCK变换器的改进电路，在电路中添加耦合电感、辅助电感和二极管，可以实现零电流开通和零电压关断。变换器结构简单，便于控制。介绍了电路工作原理和过程，设计了电路参数，进行了仿真和实验研究，最后给出了仿真和实验波形。%The magnetically coupled resonant wireless power transmission adopts DC chopper control over transmission power,while traditional DC chopper circuit switching has a high loss.This paper presents an improved circuit for a novel soft-switching BUCK DC-DC converter,where a coupled inductor,auxiliary inductor and diode are added to realize zero current switching-on and zero voltage switching-off.The converter has a simple structure and is easy to control.Furthermore,the paper describes the working principle and process of the circuit,designs circuit parameters,completes simulation and experimental research,and finally gives simulation and test waveforms.
Hybrid battery with bi-directional DC/DC converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
DUDRIK Jaroslav
2010-05-01
Full Text Available Bi-directional buck-boost DC/DC converterfor hybrid battery is described in this paper. The firstpart of the paper is aimed at concept of hybrid battery;main advance compared to conventional accumulatoris explained there. Control circuit with UC3637 andpower circuit of the converter are described in thesecond part of the paper. Experimental results frommeasuring of converter are mentioned in the last part.
2012-09-01
electric ships, being aware of the stability issues associated with direct current (DC)-DC and DC-alternating current (AC) power converters and... Electric vehicles FCV Fuel Cell Vehicle HEV Hybrid Electric Vehicle Hf Final Load Transfer Function Hf_vec Final Load Transfer Function...Voltage Law SL Source Inductance MEV More Electric Vehicle MVDC Medium Voltage DC xiv P Power OP Output Power Pof Final Power Level Poi
Simple digital PWM and PSM controlled DC-DC boost converter for luminance-regulated WLED driver
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Xin; GUO Shu-xu; CHANG Yu-chun; ZHU Shun-dong; WANG Shuai
2009-01-01
This article presents a control strategy based on simple digital pulse-width modulation (DPWM) and pulse-skip modulation (PSM) for a DC-DC boost converter, to drive a luminance-regulated white light emitting diodes (WLEDs). The presented control strategy not only retains most of the advantages and flexibilities of traditional digital PWM, but also reduces complexity and cost. Based on analyzing the principle of the presented control strategy, the white light emitting diode (WLED) driver is designed and simulated using the 0.6 (m CMOS process. Simulation results of the boost converter show that the power efficiency is above 76% for a full load, with a peak efficiency of 88% when supply voltage varies from 2.7 V to 5.5 V. The control strategy overcomes low efficiency for PWM mode with light load.
Tan, Cheng; Liang, Zhi-Shan
2016-03-01
In this paper, based on the fact that the inductors and capacitors are of fractional order in nature, the four-order mathematical model of the fractional order quadratic Boost converter in type I and type II discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) — DCM is established by using fractional calculus theory. Direct current (DC) analysis is conducted by using the DC equivalent model and the transfer functions are derived from the corresponding alternating current (AC) equivalent model. The DCM-DCM regions of type I and type II are obtained and the relations between the regions and the orders are found. The influence of the orders on the performance of the quadratic Boost converter in DCM-DCM is verified by numerical and circuit simulations. Simulation results demonstrate the correctness of the fractional order model and the efficiency of the proposed theoretical analysis.
Bougrine, Mohamed; Benmiloud, Mohammed; Benalia, Atallah; Delaleau, Emmanuel; Benbouzid, Mohamed
2017-01-01
This paper is devoted to the development of a hybrid controller for a two-interleaved boost converter dedicated to renewable energy and automotive applications. The control requirements, resumed in fast transient and low input current ripple, are formulated as a problem of fast stabilization of a predefined optimal limit cycle, and solved using hybrid automaton formalism. In addition, a real time estimation of the load is developed using an algebraic approach for online adjustment of the hybrid controller. Mathematical proofs are provided with simulations to illustrate the effectiveness and the robustness of the proposed controller despite different disturbances. Furthermore, a fuel cell system supplying a resistive load through a two-interleaved boost converter is also highlighted.
Regulation of a lightweight high efficiency capacitator diode voltage multiplier dc-dc converter
Harrigill, W. T., Jr.; Myers, I. T.
1976-01-01
A method for the regulation of a capacitor diode voltage multiplier dc-dc converter has been developed which has only minor penalties in weight and efficiency. An auxiliary inductor is used, which only handles a fraction of the total power, to control the output voltage through a pulse width modulation method in a buck boost circuit.
Regulation of a lightweight high efficiency capacitor diode voltage multiplier dc-dc converter
Harrigill, W. T., Jr.; Myers, I. T.
1976-01-01
A method for the regulation of a capacitor diode voltage multiplier dc-dc converter has been developed which has only minor penalties in weight and efficiency. An auxiliary inductor is used, which only handles a fraction of the total power, to control the output voltage through a pulse width modulation method in a buck boost circuit.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sharma, Ranjan; Rasmussen, Tonny Wederberg
2008-01-01
This paper includes the experimental and simulated results of variable speed control of a synchronous generator. To achieve controlled variable speed operation, the synchronous generator is loaded with a three phase rectifier and a boost converter. The terminal voltage of the generator can...... showed some promising results and the overall system response is found positive. Also a Matlab simulation is performed for single turbine system including grid side inverter. The results are presented here in brief....
Son, Young Ik
Output voltage regulation problem of DC-DC boost power converters is studied based on an averaged model with a practical inductor. This paper exploits the effect of inductor's parasitic resistance on the performance of an existing parallel-damped (PD) passivity-based controller (PBC) under load variations. As an attempt to apply the passivity-based framework to the converter with parasitic resistance we have combined a new proportional-integral (PI) controller with the PBC. Simulation results show that the combined (PBC and PI) dynamic output feedback controller successfully achieves the performance improvement under reference step changes and load variations.
Dual-Input Isolated Full-Bridge Boost DC-DC Converter Based on the Distributed Transformers
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zhang, Zhe; Thomsen, Ole Cornelius; Andersen, Michael A. E.
2012-01-01
and the single-input mode, respectively. The main advantage of the proposed topology is that the four transformers and the secondary rectifiers are fully utilized whether the converter is connected with two input power sources or only one input. Although the four transformers are employed, the nominal powers......In this paper, a new two-input isolated boost dc-dc converter based on a distributed multi-transformer structure which is suitable for hybrid renewable energy systems is investigated and designed. With a novel transformer winding-connecting strategy, the two input ports can be decoupled completely......, so the proposed converter can draw the power from the two different dc sources, which have low output voltage, and transfer it to the dc bus, which has high voltage, separately or simultaneously. The detailed operation principles of the proposed converter have been analyzed in the dual-input mode...
A Stable Control Strategy for Input-Series Output-Series Connected Boost half Bridge DC-DC Converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shahnawaz Farhan Khahro
2013-07-01
Full Text Available Boost half bridge DC-DC converters in the combination of an input-series and output-series (ISOS connected configuration with a stable control strategy has been investigated in this paper. A stable control strategy comprises of two loops that are current loop and voltage loop. The reference to the current loop has been chosen from the input side of the DC-DC converter. The reference to the voltage loop has been selected from the output side of the DC-DC converter. Such a reference makes the circuit configuration simple, easy and eventually results in reduced cost. The control strategy for input-series output-series (ISOS configuration of DC-DC converters is proposed to achieve equal input voltage sharing (IVS as well output voltage sharing (OVS. Furthermore, in this paper, the performance of the stable control strategy for input-series output-series (ISOS boost half bridge DC-DC converter has been observed not only for the fixed but also for the varying and continuously varying load. The proposed Stable control scheme has been developed by modeling it on MATLAB using Simulink and Simpower toolboxes. The operation of the proposed stable control strategy has been found to be satisfactory.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Qiaoling Tong
2015-04-01
Full Text Available To realize accurate current control for a boost converter, a precise measurement of the inductor current is required to achieve high resolution current regulating. Current sensors are widely used to measure the inductor current. However, the current sensors and their processing circuits significantly contribute extra hardware cost, delay and noise to the system. They can also harm the system reliability. Therefore, current sensorless control techniques can bring cost effective and reliable solutions for various boost converter applications. According to the derived accurate model, which contains a number of parasitics, the boost converter is a nonlinear system. An Extended Kalman Filter (EKF is proposed for inductor current estimation and output voltage filtering. With this approach, the system can have the same advantages as sensored current control mode. To implement EKF, the load value is necessary. However, the load may vary from time to time. This can lead to errors of current estimation and filtered output voltage. To solve this issue, a load variation elimination effect elimination (LVEE module is added. In addition, a predictive average current controller is used to regulate the current. Compared with conventional voltage controlled system, the transient response is greatly improved since it only takes two switching cycles for the current to reach its reference. Finally, experimental results are presented to verify the stable operation and output tracking capability for large-signal transients of the proposed algorithm.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
姚川; 阮新波; 王学华
2012-01-01
A family of isolated Buck-Boost converters is proposed to be suitable for the application,where the input voltage range is wide and galvanic isolation is required in this paper.Full-Bridge（FB）-Boost converter is analyzed as one of the typical topologies.Considering the duty cycle loss,an improved two-edge modulation strategy based on phase-shift control is proposed to minimize the inductor current ripple over the input voltage range.In order to achieve the reliability and efficiency of this converter,a 3-mode dual-frequency control scheme is proposed.Under the 3-mode dual-frequency control scheme,the input voltage is divided into three regions,i.e.the low,medium and high voltage rang,and corresponding operating modes are Boost,FB-Boost and FB modes respectively.As the inductor current ripple in FB-Boost mode is much smaller,the switching frequency of the boost cell in this mode can be lowered to reduce the switching loss and further improve the efficiency.To verify the effectiveness of the design and control,a 250～500V input,360V output and 6kW rated power prototype is fabricated.High efficiency can be achieved all over the input voltage range,and the highest efficiency is 97.2%.%本文提出了一族隔离型的Buck-Boost变换器以适应宽输入电压范围并要求隔离的应用场合,以全桥（Full-Bridge,FB）Boost变换器作为其典型电路之一在文中展开分析。考虑占空比的丢失,提出了基于移相控制的双沿调制策略以减小整个输入电压范围内的电感电流脉动。为实现变换器可靠高效的工作,提出了三模式双频控制策略。三模式双频控制策略下,输入电压被分为低、中、高三个电压区间,分别对应于FB-Boost变换器的Boost、FB-Boost和FB三个工作模式。由于FB-Boost模式下电感电流脉动较小,可以降低该模式下Boost单元的开关频率以减小开关损耗,进一步提高效率。为验证设计和控制策略的有效
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Shang, Yunlong; Zhang, Chenghui; Cui, Naxin
2015-01-01
voltage gap for large balancing current and ZVG between cells. Instead of a dedicated equalizer for each cell, only one balancing converter is employed and shared by all cells, reducing the size and implementation cost. Moreover, the equalization current can be regulated as needed by controlling the duty...... cycle of the BDDC, which not only prevents efficiently over-equalization but also abridges the balancing time. Simulation and experimental results show the proposed scheme exhibits outstanding balancing performance, and the energy conversion efficiency is higher than 98%. The validity of the proposed...... these difficulties, an innovative direct cell-to-cell battery equalizer based on quasi-resonant LC converter (QRLCC) and boost DC-DC converter (BDDC) is proposed. The QRLCC is employed to gain zero-current switching (ZCS), leading to a reduction of power losses. The BDDC is employed to enhance the equalization...
Coupled Inductor Based High Step-Up DC-DC Converter for Multi Input PV System
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G. Shiny Vikram
2014-09-01
Full Text Available With the shortage of the energy and ever increasing of the oil price, research on the renewable and green energy sources, especially the solar arrays and the fuel cells, becomes more and more important. How to achieve high step-up and high efficiency DC/DC converters is the major consideration in the renewable power applications due to the low voltage of PV arrays and fuel cells. In this paper a coupled inductor dc-dc converter for photovoltaic system is proposed. The circuit configuration of the proposed converter is very simple. Thus, the proposed converter has higher step-up and step-down voltage gains than the conventional bidirectional dc–dc boost/buck converter. Under same electric specifications for the proposed converter and the conventional bidirectional boost/buck converter, the average value of the switch current in the proposed converter is less than the conventional bidirectional boost/buck converter. The operating principles have been applied to multi input photovoltaic system and outputs have been observed.
Design of Buck Converter With Ultra Wide Input Voltage Range%超宽范围输人电压Buck变换器设计
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
熊才伟; 朱永亮
2011-01-01
针对风力发电中DC/DC模块电源高可靠性、超宽输入电压范围、高效率、高功率密度的要求,设计了单级Buck变换器,采用UC2843芯片为控制核心及峰值电流控制模式,并加入斜坡补偿技术,满足超宽输入电压范围内电源的稳定；改进了保护电路,使电源能具备长时间短路并可自动恢复及过温、输入过/欠压等保护功能,提高了电源可靠性.最后通过样机的设计,满足了各种指标要求,验证了此电源模块设计的正确性.%As to the requirement of high reliability,ultra wide input voltage range,high power density and high efficiency in the DC/DC power module used in wind power system,a single stage Buck converter which using the UC2843, peak current control mode and slope compensation to ensure the stable state of the power is designed in the ultra wide input voltage range.Meanwhile,the design raises the reliability of this power module by improving the protect circuits, like longer time short circuit, ability of self-recovery, over temperature protection and input over voltage/ under voltage protection.At last,the test of sample module meets all needs of the power supply,proving the correctness of this design.
Stability analysis of a high-step-Up DC grid-connected two-stage boost DC-DC converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
El Aroudi A.
2014-01-01
Full Text Available High conversion ratio switching converters are used whenever there is a need to step-up dc source voltage level to a much higher output dc voltage level such as in photovoltaic systems, telecommunications and in some medical applications. A simple solution for achieving this high conversion ratio is by cascading different stages of dc-dc boost converters. The individual converters in such a cascaded system are usually designed separately applying classical design criteria. However these criteria may not be applicable for the complete cascaded system . This paper first presents a glimpse on the bifurcation behavior that a cascade connection of two boost converters can exhibit. It is shown that the desired periodic orbit can undergo period doubling leading to subharmonic oscillations and chaotic regimes. Then, in order to simplify the analysis the second stage is considered as constant current sink and design-oriented analysis is carried out to obtain stability boundaries in the parameter space by taking into account slope interactions between the state variables in the two-different stages.
Radiation Effects on DC-DC Converters
Zhang, De-Xin; AbdulMazid, M. D.; Attia, John O.; Kankam, Mark D. (Technical Monitor)
2001-01-01
In this work, several DC-DC converters were designed and built. The converters are Buck Buck-Boost, Cuk, Flyback, and full-bridge zero-voltage switched. The total ionizing dose radiation and single event effects on the converters were investigated. The experimental results for the TID effects tests show that the voltages of the Buck Buck-Boost, Cuk, and Flyback converters increase as total dose increased when using power MOSFET IRF250 as a switching transistor. The change in output voltage with total dose is highest for the Buck converter and the lowest for Flyback converter. The trend of increase in output voltages with total dose in the present work agrees with those of the literature. The trends of the experimental results also agree with those obtained from PSPICE simulation. For the full-bridge zero-voltage switch converter, it was observed that the dc-dc converter with IRF250 power MOSFET did not show a significant change of output voltage with total dose. In addition, for the dc-dc converter with FSF254R4 radiation-hardened power MOSFET, the output voltage did not change significantly with total dose. The experimental results were confirmed by PSPICE simulation that showed that FB-ZVS converter with IRF250 power MOSFET's was not affected with the increase in total ionizing dose. Single Event Effects (SEE) radiation tests were performed on FB-ZVS converters. It was observed that the FB-ZVS converter with the IRF250 power MOSFET, when the device was irradiated with Krypton ion with ion-energy of 150 MeV and LET of 41.3 MeV-square cm/mg, the output voltage increased with the increase in fluence. However, for Krypton with ion-energy of 600 MeV and LET of 33.65 MeV-square cm/mg, and two out of four transistors of the converter were permanently damaged. The dc-dc converter with FSF254R4 radiation hardened power MOSFET's did not show significant change at the output voltage with fluence while being irradiated by Krypton with ion energy of 1.20 GeV and LET of 25
Analysis of the Coupling Behavior of PEM Fuel Cells and DC-DC Converters
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Achim Kienle
2009-03-01
Full Text Available The connection between PEM fuel cells and common DC-DC converters is examined. The analysis is model-based and done for boost, buck and buck-boost converters. In a first step, the effect of the converter ripples upon the PEM fuel cell is shown. They introduce oscillations in the fuel cell. Their appearance is explained, discussed and possibilities for their suppression are given. After that, the overall behaviors of the coupled fuel cell-converter systems are analyzed. It is shown, that neither stationary multiplicities nor oscillations can be introduced by the couplings and therefore separate control approaches for both the PEMFC and the DC-DC converters are applicable.
Analysis of the coupling behavior of PEM fuel cells and DC-DC converters
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Groetsch, M.; Mangold, M.; Kienle, A. [Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Process Synthesis and Process Dynamics Group, Sandtorstrasse 1, 39106 Magdeburg (Germany); Kienle, A. [Otto-von-Guericke-Universitaet Magdeburg, Lehrstuhl fuer Automatisierungstechnik / Modellbildung, Universitaetsplatz 2, 39106 Magdeburg (Germany)
2009-07-01
The connection between PEM fuel cells and common DC-DC converters is examined. The analysis is model-based and done for boost, buck and buck-boost converters. In a first step, the effect of the converter ripples upon the PEM fuel cell is shown. They introduce oscillations in the fuel cell. Their appearance is explained, discussed and possibilities for their suppression are given. After that, the overall behaviors of the coupled fuel cell-converter systems are analyzed. It is shown, that neither stationary multiplicities nor oscillations can be introduced by the couplings and therefore separate control approaches for both the PEMFC and the DC-DC converters are applicable. (author)
Optimization of DC-DC Converters via Geometric Programming
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
U. Ribes-Mallada
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The paper presents a new methodology for optimizing the design of DC-DC converters. The magnitudes that we take into account are efficiency, ripples, bandwidth, and RHP zero placement. We apply a geometric programming approach, because the variables are positives and the constraints can be expressed in a posynomial form. This approach has all the advantages of convex optimization. We apply the proposed methodology to a boost converter. The paper also describes the optimum designs of a buck converter and a synchronous buck converter, and the method can be easily extended to other converters. The last example allows us to compare the efficiency and bandwidth between these optimal-designed topologies.
Galvanically Isolated Quasi-Z-Source DC–DC Converter With a Novel ZVS and ZCS Technique
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Husev, Oleksandr; Liivik, Liisa; Blaabjerg, Frede;
2015-01-01
This paper focuses on the galvanically isolated quasi-Z-source dc-dc converter with a novel zero voltage and zero current switching technique. The unique feature of the impedance network lies in combining the buck-boost operation capability with the short- and open-circuit immunity of transistors...
Zhou, Guo-Hua; Xu, Jian-Ping; Bao, Bo-Cheng; Jin, Yan-Yan
2010-06-01
The discrete iterative map models of peak current-mode (PCM) and valley current-mode (VCM) controlled buck converters, boost converters, and buck-boost converters with ramp compensation are established and their dynamical behaviours are investigated by using the operation region, parameter space map, bifurcation diagram, and Lyapunov exponent spectrum. The research results indicate that ramp compensation extends the stable operation range of the PCM controlled switching dc-dc converter to D > 0.5 and that of the VCM controlled switching dc-dc converter to D converters with ramp compensation, VCM controlled switching dc-dc converters with ramp compensation exhibit interesting symmetrical dynamics. Experimental results are given to verify the analysis results in this paper.
A Novel Quasi-SEPIC High-Voltage Boost DC-DC Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Siwakoti, Yam Prasad; N. Soltani, Mohsen; Mostaan, Ali
2017-01-01
This paper proposes a modified coupled-inductor SEPIC dc-dc converter for low power and high voltage gain applications such as for piezoelectric drive systems. The converter uses the same components as of SEPIC converter with an additional diode. Compared to conventional topologies with similar v...
Modeling and Design of Five Level Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter with DC/DC Boost Converter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vinayaka B.C
2014-06-01
Full Text Available Power electronic converters, especially DC/AC Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation inverters have been extending their range of use in industry because of their numerous advantages. They typically synthesize the stair –case voltage waveform (from several dc sources which has reduced harmonic content. This paper aims to extend the knowledge about the performance of Five level Cascaded H-Bridge MLI topology with DC/DC Boost Converter using SPWM for fixed DC Source. The output voltage is the sum of the voltage that is generated by each bridge. The switching angles can be chosen in such a way that the total harmonic distortion is minimized. This topology incorporates Boost Converter in the input side which magnifies the fundamental output voltage with reduction in total harmonic distortion. It also incorporates LC filter and hence output is drawn near the sine wave because of more levels. Results of experiments proved efficiency of 95%.The performance of the proposed SPWM strategy in terms of output voltage and THD has studied successfully and shown using MATLAB/Simulink.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王金平; 许建平; 徐杨军
2011-01-01
研究了恒定导通时间(constant on-time,COT)控制buck变换器的多开关周期振荡现象,揭示了buck变换器输出电容等效串联电阻(equivalent series resistance,ESR)对COT控制buck变换器控制性能的影响.研究结果表明,输出电容等效串联电阻是buck变换器发生多开关周期振荡现象的关键因素,并给出了COT控制buck变换器发生多开关周期振荡的临界ESR值.当输出电容ESR值小于临界值时,发生多开关周期振荡现象;而当ESR大于临界值时,多开关周期振荡现象消失.最后,仿真结果验证了理论分析的正确性.%In this paper, multi-switching period oscillation phenomenon in constant on-time (COT) controlled buck converter is studied, and the effect of output capacitor equivalent series resistance (ESR) on the control performance of COT controlled buck converter is revealed. The study results indicate that ESR is the critical factor causing multi-switching period oscillation phenomenon in the COT controlled buck converter, and critical value of ESR is obtained. When the value of ESR is less than the critical value, the multi-switching period oscillation phenomenon occurs, and it disappears when the value of ESR is higher than the critical value. Finally, the theoretical results are verified by simulation.
Codimension-Two Big-Bang Bifurcation in a ZAD-Controlled Boost DC-DC Converter
Amador, A.; Casanova, S.; Granada, H. A.; Olivar, G.; Hurtado, J.
In this paper, we study some nonlinear behaviors in a two-dimensional system defined by a Boost Converter controlled by CPWM (Centered Pulse-Width Modulation) and a ZAD (Zero Average Dynamics) strategy. The dynamics was analyzed using a discrete-time map, which consists of a sampled system at each switching cycle. The structure of the two-parametric space is characterized analytically. This allows proving the existence and stability of an infinite number of codimension-one curves that intersect at the same point in the two-parametric space. This phenomenon has been called a big-bang bifurcation.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Farhang, Peyman; Drimus, Alin; Mátéfi-Tempfli, Stefan
2015-01-01
the optimal solutions is run in MATLAB while it is interfaced with LTspice for simulation of the circuit using actual component models obtained from manufacturers. The PSO is utilized to solve the optimization problem in order to find the optimal parameters of MPID and PID controllers. The performances......In this paper, a new technique is proposed to design a Modified PID (MPID) controller for a Boost converter. An interface between LTspice and MATLAB is carried out to implement the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm. The PSO algorithm which has the appropriate capability to find out...
Bifurcation and chaos in multi-parallel-connected current-mode controlled boost DC-DC converters
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Ming-liang; MA Wei-ming
2006-01-01
This paper studied the bifurcation and chaos phenomenon in a multi-parallel-connected current-mode controlled boost DC-DC converter system with the use of nonlinear mapping bifurcation theory of two dimensions,and the changing rules of the bifurcation charts with the increase of the control parallels and control parameters were concluded.The method of discrete mapping modeling was utilized to construct the difference equations of the system operating in continuous conduction mode (CCM).Analyses and computer emulations were made.
High-Efficiency Isolated Boost DCDC Converter for High-Power Low-Voltage Fuel-Cell Applications
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nymand, Morten; Andersen, Michael A. E.
2010-01-01
A new design approach achieving very high conversion efficiency in low-voltage high-power isolated boost dc-dc converters is presented. The transformer eddy-current and proximity effects are analyzed, demonstrating that an extensive interleaving of primary and secondary windings is needed to avoid...... high winding losses. The analysis of transformer leakage inductance reveals that extremely low leakage inductance can be achieved, allowing stored energy to be dissipated. Power MOSFETs fully rated for repetitive avalanches allow primary-side voltage clamp circuits to be eliminated. The oversizing...
Nanda, S.; Sengupta, M.; Sengupta, A.
2014-01-01
Using a suitable combination of some of the basic converter topologies representing the Buck, the Boost and the Buck-Boost converters, one may obtain some other useful dc-to-dc converters. A typical example is the cascade connection of the Boost and the Buck converter which produces the well known Cuk converter. This work emphasises on the modelling, real-time simulations, fabrication and closed-loop control of a Cuk converter. For the modelling and real time simulation, FPGA platform has been used. Small signal modelling and conventional control aspects (compensator) of Cuk converter are discussed. A 200W, 10kHz Cuk converter is designed, fabricated and tested in the laboratory. The converter model is of fourth order. The transfer function being a non-minimum phase one with two right-half plane zeroes, a limited work has been done on this. For such systems, conventional control methods are demonstrated to fail. Pole placement technique, which is envisaged to be a suitable control technique for a higher order non-minimum phase system has been adopted. Excellent correlation between off-line and real-time simulation results establishes the accuracy of the work. Agreement between open-loop results obtained from the experimental set-up under steady state vis-a-vis those obtained from simulation is also a major highlight of the paper.
Use of Chaotic Switching for Harmonic Power Redistribution in Power Converters
Chung, Henry S. H.; Hui, S. Y. Ron; Tse, K. K.
This chapter gives an evaluation of the chaotic carrier frequency modulation scheme on the spectral characteristics of switching converters. By incorporating a Chua's circuit into the pulse-width modulator for driving the main switch in the converters, different time-and frequency-domain characteristics at equilibrium point, limit-cycle and chaotic regions are observed. The power spectral density of the input current of the three basic dc/dc converters including buck, boost, and buck-boost converters with the Chua's circuit are studied. By controlling the circuit parameter, gradual transition of the spectral characteristics from periodic frequency modulation scheme to near random frequency modulation scheme are observed. Analysis method for random carrier frequency switching scheme is applied and its validity is confirmed theoretically and experimentally.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨玉岗; 万冬; 代少杰
2016-01-01
Aiming at perfecting present design theory of the interleaving and magnetically integrated bidirectional DC/DC converter, two-phase interleaving magnetically integrated Buck+Boost bidirectional DC/DC converter was studied as an example.Interleaved Boost converter with integrated magnetics in eight different operating modes is proposed, including two kinds of continuous conduction mode ( CCM ) , two kinds of critical conduction mode ( CRM) and four kinds of discontinuous conduction mode ( DCM) , and the equivalent inductance of the working mode is calculated.The steady state phase current ripple and the total input current ripple in each mode are ana-lyzed.And the converted load current values between each mode at switching ( the boundary value condition of the load current) are obtained.Through the analysis of each mode of the converter, the relationship between voltage gain, the phase current ripple, and the total input current, and the duty cycle, and the coupling coefficient is ob-tained.Finally, The theory was verified by experiment and simulation results.%提出交错并联磁集成Boost变换器的八种不同工作模式,包括两种连续导通模式(CCM)、两种临界导通模式(CRM)和四种非连续导通模式(DCM),并计算了各工作模式下的等效电感.在各模式中分析变换器的稳态相电流纹波、总输入电流纹波,并进一步得到各模式之间转换时的负载电流值(即负载电流边界值条件).通过分析变换器的各工作模式,从而得到电压增益、相电流纹波及总输入电流与占空比、耦合系数之间的关系.最后,通过仿真和实验验证了理论分析的正确性.
Boost Converter with Three-State Switching Cell and Integrated Magnetics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Klimczak, Pawel; Munk-Nielsen, Stig
2009-01-01
Fuel cell systems often require high voltage gain and dc-dc step-up converter is a critical part. Scope of this paper is integration of inductor and transformer on a single core. Usage of integrated magnetics improves utilization of magnetic core and thus size and weight of the converter may...
A Self-Oscillating Control Scheme for a Boost Converter Providing a Controlled Output Current
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Knott, Arnold; Pfaffinger, Gerhard R.; Andersen, Michael A. E.
2011-01-01
Most switched mode power supplies provide a regulated voltage at their output. However, there are applications requiring a controlled current. Among others are battery chargers, test equipment for converters driven by solar cells, and LED drivers. This paper describes a dc–dc power converter real...
Cross Voltage Control with Inner Hysteresis Current Control for Multi-output Boost Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nami, Alireza; Zare, Firuz; Blaabjerg, Frede
2009-01-01
with inner hysteresis current control loop has been proposed to keep the simplicity of the control law for the double-output MOB converter, which can be implemented by a combination of analogue and logical ICs or simple microcontroller to constrain the output voltages of MOB converter at their reference...
Cross Voltage Control with Inner Hysteresis Current Control for Multi-output Boost Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nami, Alireza; Zare, Firuz; Blaabjerg, Frede
2009-01-01
with inner hysteresis current control loop has been proposed to keep the simplicity of the control law for the double-output MOB converter, which can be implemented by a combination of analogue and logical ICs or simple microcontroller to constrain the output voltages of MOB converter at their reference...
Lossless Dynamic Models of the Quasi-Z-Source Converter Family
Vinnikov, Dmitri; Husev, Oleksandr; Roasto, Indrek
2011-01-01
This paper is devoted to the quasi-Z-source (qZS) converter family. Recently, the qZS-converters have attracted attention because of their specific properties of voltage boost and buck functions with a single switching stage, which could be especially beneficial in renewable energy applications. As main representatives of the qZS-converter family, the traditional quasi-Z-source inverter as well as two novel extended boost quasi-Z-source inverters are discussed. Lossless dynamic models of these topologies are presented and analyzed.
Investigation and improvement of high step- up converters for pv module applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hamed moradmand jazi
2017-01-01
Full Text Available sun is of the clean and cheapest sources of energy. Charging slight energy to electricity is carried out by PV modules. Since most electric consumers need Ac input voltage, the PV modules output voltage should be changed into Ac form. But, the voltage level of PV modules is much lower than the voltage needed in input stage of inverters. Because of large voltage level. Difference it is not possible to use the basic boost and buck-boost converters. The basic boost and buck-boost converters definitely can not be used in this applications, for, they will face extreme drop in efficiency in duty cycles closer to unity. In this paper The proposed converter is presented in order to decrease the voltage stress of coupled inductors based high step-up converters. The voltage stress in the proposed converter is lower than the high step-up boost converter with coupled inductors in identical condition. Also, soft switching condition for switches and diodes is realized by active clamp circuit, and with this technique and proper selection of duty cycle, large gain and high efficiency could be achieved ultimately. . In this paper theoretical analysis is used for analyzing the performance of the proposed converters, and in order to verify the theoretical analysis, simulated results from pspice software is provides.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ching-Ming Lai
2017-08-01
Full Text Available High boost DC/DC voltage conversion is always indispensable in a power electronic interface of certain battery-powered electrical equipment. However, a conventional boost converter works for a wide duty cycle for such high voltage gain, which increases power consumption and has low reliability problems. In order to solve this issue, a new battery-powered combined boost converter with an interleaved structure consisting of two phases used in automotive audio amplifier is presented. The first phase uses a conventional boost converter; the second phase employs the inverted type. With this architecture, a higher boost voltage gain is able to be achieved. A derivation of the operating principles of the converter, analyses of its topology, as well as a closed-loop control designs are performed in this study. Furthermore, simulations and experiments are also performed using input voltage of 12 V for a 120 W circuit. A reasonable duty cycle is selected to reach output voltage of 60 V, which corresponds to static voltage gain of five. The converter achieves a maximum measured conversion efficiency of 98.7% and the full load efficiency of 89.1%.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Germán E. Melo
2014-08-01
Full Text Available Las lámparas fluorescentes compactas o CFL (compact fluorescent lamp se han convertido en uno de los tipos de iluminación más usados en la actualidad. Sin embargo, las CFL comerciales poseen en su mayoría balastros electrónicos de bajo factor de potencia. Esto genera un aumento en los niveles de distorsión del sistema de generación y distribución debido al uso masivo de estas lámparas. En el presente artículo se presenta el diseño y simulación de un balastro electrónico con corrección de factor de potencia para lámparas fluorescentes compactas. La propuesta busca evaluar la viabilidad de integrar el correcto funcionamiento, tamaño y costo de este dispositivo. La topología propuesta es una etapa buck-boost operando en modo de conducción discontinua integrada a un inversor alimentado por corriente. La alta factibilidad de implementación de esta topología es mostrada mediante simulaciones que logran un factor de potencia de 0.998 y una distorsión total armónica menor de 5 %.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Germán E. Melo
2014-05-01
Full Text Available Las lámparas fluorescentes compactas o CFL (compact fluorescent lamp se han convertido en uno de los tipos de iluminación más usados en la actualidad. Sin embargo, las CFL comerciales poseen en su mayoría balastros electrónicos de bajo factor de potencia. Esto genera un aumento en los niveles de distorsión del sistema de generación y distribución debido al uso masivo de estas lámparas. En el presente artículo se presenta el diseño y simulación de un balastro electrónico con corrección de factor de potencia para lámparas fluorescentes compactas. La propuesta busca evaluar la viabilidad de integrar el correcto funcionamiento, tamaño y costo de este dispositivo. La topología propuesta es una etapa buck-boost operando en modo de conducción discontinua integrada a un inversor alimentado por corriente. La alta factibilidad de implementación de esta topología es mostrada mediante simulaciones que logran un factor de potencia de 0.998 y una distorsión total armónica menor de 5 %.
Boost converter with combined control loop for a stand-alone photovoltaic battery charge system
Mira Albert, Maria del Carmen; Knott, Arnold; Thomsen, Ole Cornelius; Andersen, Michael A. E.
2013-01-01
The converter control scheme plays an important role in the performance of maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithms. In this paper, an input voltage control with double loop for a stand-alone photovoltaic system is designed and tested. The inner current control loop with high crossover frequency avoids perturbations in the load being propagated to the photovoltaic panel and thus deviating the operating point. Linearization of the photovoltaic panel and converter state-space modeling is ...
Almasoudi, Fahad M.; Alatawi, Khaled S.; Matin, Mohammad
2016-09-01
The development of Wide band gap (WBG) power devices has been attracted by many commercial companies to be available in the market because of their enormous advantages over the traditional Si power devices. An example of WBG material is SiC, which offers a number of advantages over Si material. For example, SiC has the ability of blocking higher voltages, reducing switching and conduction losses and supports high switching frequency. Consequently, SiC power devices have become the affordable choice for high frequency and power application. The goal of this paper is to study the performance of 4.5 kW, 200 kHz, 600V DC-DC boost converter operating in continuous conduction mode (CCM) for PV applications. The switching behavior and turn on and turn off losses of different switching power devices such as SiC MOSFET, SiC normally ON JFET and Si MOSFET are investigated and analyzed. Moreover, a detailed comparison is provided to show the overall efficiency of the DC-DC boost converter with different switching power devices. It is found that the efficiency of SiC power switching devices are higher than the efficiency of Si-based switching devices due to low switching and conduction losses when operating at high frequencies. According to the result, the performance of SiC switching power devices dominate the conventional Si power devices in terms of low losses, high efficiency and high power density. Accordingly, SiC power switching devices are more appropriate for PV applications where a converter of smaller size with high efficiency, and cost effective is required.
Wong, R. C.; Owen, H. A., Jr.; Wilson, T. G.
1981-01-01
Small-signal models are derived for the power stage of the voltage step-up (boost) and the current step-up (buck) converters. The modeling covers operation in both the continuous-mmf mode and the discontinuous-mmf mode. The power stage in the regulated current step-up converter on board the Dynamics Explorer Satellite is used as an example to illustrate the procedures in obtaining the small-signal functions characterizing a regulated converter.
Research on magnetic integrated for zero-current quasi-resonant buck converter%零电流准谐振Buck变换器的磁集成研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈正一; 杨玉岗; 李洪珠
2011-01-01
Taking Buck converter as an example,the resonant inductor and resonant capacitor were introduced, which constituted the resonant switch with the converter power switch. Through the resonance,the waveform of current through the power switch became sinusoidal,which created zero-current switching condition for power switch. In this paper, the discrete resonant inductor and filter inductor were integrated to integration magnetic, and the principle of integration Buck converter works was described. The integration of circuit was simulated by Saber software, and the effect of coupling coefficient of the resonant inductor and filter inductor on the resonant frequency and output voltage was analyzed. The loosely coupled and tightly coupled integration approach Was applied to design a ZCS Buck converter,and the zero-current turn-on and zero-current turn-off of power switch was achieved, and was authenticated by saber.%以零电流准谐振Buck变换器为例,引入谐振电感和谐振电容与变换器中的功率开关管组成谐振开关.通过谐振,使流过功率开关管的电流呈正弦波形,为功率开关管创造了零电流开关条件.对分立的谐振电感和滤波电感进行磁集成,阐述集成后Buck变换器工作原理.用Saber软件对集成后的电路进行仿真.分析谐振电感和滤波电感的耦合系数对谐振频率和输出电压的影响.最后采用松耦合和紧耦合两种集成方法设计了一台零电流准谐振Buck变换器,通过Saber软件仿真验证功率开关管实现了零电流开通和零电流关断.
High-voltage boost quasi-Z-source isolated DC/DC converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Siwakoti, Yam P.; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang
2014-01-01
A high-voltage gain two-switch quasi-Z-source isolated DC/DC converter has been presented in this study. It consists of a quasi-Z-source network at its input, a push-pull square-wave inverter at its middle, and a voltage-doubler rectifier at its output. When coordinated appropriately, the new...... converter uses less switches, a smaller common duty cycle and less turns for the transformer when compared with existing topologies. Its size and weight are therefore smaller, whereas its efficiency is higher. It is therefore well-suited for applications, where a wide range of voltage gain is required like...
Topics in Analysis and Design of Primary Parallel Isolated Boost Converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sen, Gokhan
Efficient power processing through power electronics circuits has been a popular academic field for the past decades, especially after “green” vehicle applications based on fuel cells, batteries and super-capacitors emerged as alternative sources of propulsion for transportation. Dc-to-dc convert...
On the Integration of Wide Band-gap Semiconductors in Single Phase Boost PFC Converters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hernandez Botella, Juan Carlos
diodes, or the introduction of silicon carbide (SiC) diodes, provided large steps in miniaturization and efficiency improvement of switched mode power converters. Gallium nitride (GaN) and SiC semiconductor devices have already been around for some years. The first one proliferated due to the necessity...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘树林; 崔强; 李勇
2013-01-01
为得出Buck变换器的输出本质安全判据,基于安全火花试验装置,对其输出短路火花放电特性进行了试验研究,发现其放电过程可分为介质击穿、火花产生、火花维持和火花熄灭四个阶段。基于得出的火花放电特性,对其输出短路火花放电能量进行了深入分析,指出对于给定电感的Buck变换器,当负载电阻RL小于给定电感对应的临界电阻RLC时,火花放电能量是关于RL的凹函数；而在RL>RLC时,是关于RL的凸函数。考虑到实际的参数取值范围,进一步指出：RLRLC时,则随着RL的增加,先增大后减小,在增加到特征电阻RL,DCM时达到最大值。得出了变换器在全动态范围内的最危险工况：变换器在输入电压最高及负载电阻等于RL,DCM时工作于DCM,此时,短路火花放电能量达到最大值。基于能量等效,提出了可模拟变换器输出短路放电特性的等效简单电容电路及输出本质安全判据,仿真和试验结果验证了理论分析及所提出判据的正确性和可行性。%To obtain the output intrinsic safety criterion of Buck converters, the experimental research on its output-short circuit discharge characteristics is conducted by using the safety spark test apparatus. It is found that its spark discharge process can be divided into four stages, i.e., the dielectric-breakdown, spark-generation, spark-keeping and spark-extinguishment. According to the obtained spark discharge characteristics, the output short-circuit spark discharging energy (OSSDE) is deeply analyzed. It is indicated that the OSSDE of the Buck converter with a given inductance is a concave function of load resistance RL when RL is less than the critical resistance RLC corresponding to this inductance, while that is a convex function of RL in the case of RL>RLC. Considering the actual parameter range of the Buck converter, it is further pointed out that when RLRLC, the OSSDE first increases and then
Maximum power point tracking for photovoltaic applications by using two-level DC/DC boost converter
Moamaei, Parvin
Recently, photovoltaic (PV) generation is becoming increasingly popular in industrial applications. As a renewable and alternative source of energy they feature superior characteristics such as being clean and silent along with less maintenance problems compared to other sources of the energy. In PV generation, employing a Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) method is essential to obtain the maximum available solar energy. Among several proposed MPPT techniques, the Perturbation and Observation (P&O;) and Model Predictive Control (MPC) methods are adopted in this work. The components of the MPPT control system which are P&O; and MPC algorithms, PV module and high gain DC-DC boost converter are simulated in MATLAB Simulink. They are evaluated theoretically under rapidly and slowly changing of solar irradiation and temperature and their performance is shown by the simulation results, finally a comprehensive comparison is presented.
Digitally Controlled Boost PFC Converters Operating with Large Scale Load Fluctuations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘艳莉; 王清龙; 王宇翠; 张烨; 朱乐为
2014-01-01
When boost power factor correction (PFC) circuit works with large scale load fluctuations, it is easy to cause a higher total harmonic distortion and a lower power factor because of traditional controllers and inductor cur-rent mode. To solve this problem, this paper proposes a PFC control system, which can operate with load fluctuations up to 1 000 W by using duty cycle feed-forward control theory to achieve smooth switching mode. The duty cycles in the next period of the control system are pre-estimated in the current cycle, which enhances the speeds of AD samplers and switching frequency, and reduces the cost and volume of the equipment to some extent. Introductions of system decoupling and feed-forward of input-voltage greatly improve the system performance. Both theoretical simulation and experimental results prove the advantage of the proposed scheme.