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  1. The philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer / Wolfgang Drechsler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Drechsler, Wolfgang, 1963-

    1998-01-01

    Rets.rmt.: The philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer : a review of the philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer / Lewis Edwin Hahn, ed. Chicago and La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1997. (The Library of Living Philosophers, vol. XXIV)

  2. The philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer / Wolfgang Drechsler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Drechsler, Wolfgang, 1963-

    1998-01-01

    Rets.rmt.: The philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer : a review of the philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer / Lewis Edwin Hahn, ed. Chicago and La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1997. (The Library of Living Philosophers, vol. XXIV)

  3. Hans-Georg Gadamer, Language, and Intercultural Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Abhik; Starosta, William J.

    2001-01-01

    Shows how Hans-Georg Gadamer's critical hermeneutics can be applied to intercultural communication. Suggests that by incorporating the philosophies of Hans-Georg Gadamer, intercultural communication scholars will be able to bring a fresh perspective to guide their theory, research, and practice. (Author/VWL)

  4. Hans-Georg Gadamer, Language, and Intercultural Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Abhik; Starosta, William J.

    2001-01-01

    Shows how Hans-Georg Gadamer's critical hermeneutics can be applied to intercultural communication. Suggests that by incorporating the philosophies of Hans-Georg Gadamer, intercultural communication scholars will be able to bring a fresh perspective to guide their theory, research, and practice. (Author/VWL)

  5. Hans-Georg Gadamer en die Ou Testament

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    J. H. le Roux

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Hans-George Gadamer and the Old Testament Some aspects of Gadamer�s hermeneutics are discussed below: his view on method, the finiteness of being human, the value of prejudices and so forth. With Gadamer�s help we are also able to think anew about our South African Old Testament tradition. He has perspectives and concepts which can help us to reword the basic questions of Old Testament scholarship. Of course, Gadamer is but one possibility, but he was one of the most important thinkers of the twentieth century. Whoever struggles with him also gains insight into the hermeneutical perspectives of the twentieth century.

  6. Dasar-Dasar Ontologis Pemahaman Hermeneutik Hans-Georg Gadamer

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    Agus Darmaji

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Hans-Georg Gadamer explicitly agrees with Heidegger that ‘Being’ is always been understood through the language and the dimension of time. So to catch up the Being, we need to know the Being itself, and to understand it. To understand means to perceive within the time and historicity. This paper will make clear the ontological basics of Gadamer’s hermeneutics containing: the relationship between historical aspect and understanding; hermeneutic discourse and sequential distance; prejudice and understanding; effective historical consciousness; understanding as application; and the structure of questions and answers.DOI: 10.15408/ref.v13i4.911

  7. "Reinhart Koselleck / Hans-Georg Gadamer (Hrsg.): Historik, Sprache und Hermeneutik – Eine Rede und eine Antwort. Herausgegeben zum 100. Geburtstag von Hans-Georg Gadamer. Mit einem Nachwort von Hans-Peter Schütt."

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    Besprechung "Reinhart Koselleck / Hans-Georg Gadamer (Hrsg.): Historik, Sprache und Hermeneutik – Eine Rede und eine Antwort. Herausgegeben zum 100. Geburtstag von Hans-Georg Gadamer. Mit einem Nachwort von Hans-Peter Schütt."

  8. The Relevance of Hans-Georg Gadamer's Concept of Tradition to the Philosophy of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiviskä, Anniina

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Anniina Leiviskä argues that the educational relevance of Hans-Georg Gadamer's concept of tradition has remained unacknowledged because of the conservatism that has been associated with Gadamer's hermeneutics, particularly his notion of tradition. Therefore, Leiviskä seeks to reveal the reflective, nonconservative nature of…

  9. The Relevance of Hans-Georg Gadamer's Concept of Tradition to the Philosophy of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiviskä, Anniina

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Anniina Leiviskä argues that the educational relevance of Hans-Georg Gadamer's concept of tradition has remained unacknowledged because of the conservatism that has been associated with Gadamer's hermeneutics, particularly his notion of tradition. Therefore, Leiviskä seeks to reveal the reflective, nonconservative nature of…

  10. Hermeneutics and Dialectics: (Hegel, Husserl, Heidegger and) Hans-Georg Gadamer

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Haider

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore briefly the role that a more phenomenological conception of dialectical development of consciousness plays in Hans-Georg Gadamer's work on hermeneutics. This is done with both an implicit understanding of the dialectical development of consciousness and self-consciousness in Gadamer and some explicit references to Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit and his Science of Logic in connection with Gadamer's work. However, the twentieth century departures from H...

  11. Experiencia e historicidad en la hemenéutica de hans-georg gadamer

    OpenAIRE

    Mancilla Muñoz, Mauricio

    2013-01-01

    Se busca mostrar la mutua correspondencia entre experiencia e historicidad en la obra de Hans-Georg Gadamer. La experiencia es entendida como el movimiento fundamental de la existencia histórica, la cual articula las diversas esferas de la acción humana. La experiencia hermenéutica pone de manifiesto que el comprender no puede fundarse en un procedimiento metódico, sino en la forma del existir situado en el mundo. El acto hermenéutico es entendido como un continuo proceso de apropiación, que ...

  12. Hans Georg Trüper (1936–2016) and His Contributions to Halophile Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oren, Aharon

    2016-01-01

    Prof. Hans Georg Trüper, one of the most important scientists in the field of halophile research, passed away on 9 March 2016 at the age of 79. I here present a brief obituary with special emphasis on Prof. Trüper’s contributions to our understanding of the halophilic prokaryotes and their adaptations to life in hypersaline environments. He has pioneered the study of the halophilic anoxygenic phototrophic sulfur bacteria of the Ectothiorhodospira—Halorhodospira group. Some of the species he and his group isolated from hypersaline and haloalkaline environments have become model organisms for the study of the mechanisms of haloadaptation: the functions of three major organic compounds – glycine betaine, ectoine, and trehalose – known to serve as “compatible solutes” in halophilic members of the Bacteria domain, were discovered during studies of these anoxygenic phototrophs. Prof. Trüper’s studies of hypersaline alkaline environments in Egypt also led to the isolation of the first known extremely halophilic archaeon (Natronomonas pharaonis). The guest editors dedicate this special volume of Life to the memory of Prof. Hans Georg Trüper. PMID:27187481

  13. Hans Georg Trüper (1936–2016 and His Contributions to Halophile Research

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    Aharon Oren

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Prof. Hans Georg Trüper, one of the most important scientists in the field of halophile research, passed away on 9 March 2016 at the age of 79. I here present a brief obituary with special emphasis on Prof. Trüper’s contributions to our understanding of the halophilic prokaryotes and their adaptations to life in hypersaline environments. He has pioneered the study of the halophilic anoxygenic phototrophic sulfur bacteria of the Ectothiorhodospira—Halorhodospira group. Some of the species he and his group isolated from hypersaline and haloalkaline environments have become model organisms for the study of the mechanisms of haloadaptation: the functions of three major organic compounds – glycine betaine, ectoine, and trehalose – known to serve as “compatible solutes” in halophilic members of the Bacteria domain, were discovered during studies of these anoxygenic phototrophs. Prof. Trüper’s studies of hypersaline alkaline environments in Egypt also led to the isolation of the first known extremely halophilic archaeon (Natronomonas pharaonis. The guest editors dedicate this special volume of Life to the memory of Prof. Hans Georg Trüper.

  14. Hans-Georg Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics: Concepts of reading, understanding and interpretation

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    Paul Regan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Hans-Georg Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics is a popular qualitative research interpretive method aiming to explore the meaning of individual experiences in relation to understanding human interpretation. Gadamer identifies that authentic engagement with reading requires awareness of the inter-subjective nature of understanding in order to promote a reflective engagement with the text. The main concepts of Gadamer’s view of reading and understanding are explored in this paper in relation to interpreting text. Concepts such as; inter-subjectivity, Being, authenticity, fore-structure, pre-suppositions, prejudice, temporality and history are all help to enhance health and social science researchers’ understanding of his theory and its application.

  15. Hermeneutics and the philosophy of medicine: Hans-Georg Gadamer's platonic metaphor.

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    Lingiardi, V; Grieco, A

    1999-09-01

    Taking as our starting point Plato's metaphor of the doctor as philosopher we reflect on some aspects of the epistemological status of medicine. The framework to this paper is the hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer which shows the paradoxical nature of Western medicine in choosing the body-object as its investigative starting point, while in actual fact dealing with subjects. Gadamer proposes a model of medicine as the art of understanding and dialogue, which is capable of bringing together its various constituent parts, i.e. knowledge, knowing how to do and knowing how to be, in medical practice and in the physician's training. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of the dyadic figure of the physician as Platonic "master of the living totality" and wounded healer, capable of activating the patient's self-healing capacity.

  16. Philosophical hermeneutics and the project of Hans Georg Gadamer: implications for nursing research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, K

    1996-12-01

    The paper begins with an overview of the historical roots of philosophical hermeneutics grounded in the work of Husserl and Heidegger. It goes on to explore the philosophical hermeneutics of Hans Georg Gadamer as a philosophy useful to nursing research. The four concepts of prejudice, the fusion of horizons, the hermeneutic circle and play are discussed, as are the implications these concepts have for nursing research. These concepts have been utilized in the author's own research and examples from this research are given to illuminate how these concepts can be shaped to the purposes of nursing research. While the concepts discussed stem from the work of Gadamer, the ways they have been utilized by the author do not represent a Gadamerian method. Gadamer's project is purely philosophical.

  17. La hermenéutica según Hans-Georg Gadamer y su aporte a la educación / Hermeneutics as Hans-Georg Gadamer and his contribution to education

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    Hermanus Demon, Jos Gerardus

    2013-01-01

    En este artículo se resume la historia intelectual de la corriente filosófica de la hermenéutica, como fue concebido por el filósofo Hans-Georg Gadamer en su estudio Verdad y Método. Aclara algunos conceptos claves de la filosofía hermenéutica de Gadamer, enfoca la articulación del conocimiento humano que se apoya en la teoría aristotélica del conocimiento, para cuestionar la influyente obra de síntesis del conocimiento de Immanuel Kant. Desde la articulación de conocimientos de Gadamer se of...

  18. La pregunta por la ética en la hermenéutica de Hans-Georg Gadamer

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    [spa] Esta tesis tiene por objeto reseguir la pregunta por la ética en la hermenéutica de Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2001). La intención de esta tesis, por tanto, es ampliar la comprensión de la filosofía gadameriana situando a la ética en el centro de la investigación. Para demostrarlo este trabajo se plantea un doble reto: primero, agrupar y tematizar todos aquellos textos, esparcidos a lo largo de la extensa obra completa de Gadamer, que incluyan reflexiones éticas relevantes; segundo, poner...

  19. La herencia de Hegel en la hermenéutica de la historia de Hans-Georg Gadamer

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    Fernando Bayón Martín

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza los presupuestos filosóficos sobre los que Hans-Georg Gadamer desarrolla su interpretación del fenómeno denominado “comprensión histórica”. La perspectiva elegida consiste en proponer un diálogo crítico entre la hermenéutica gadameriana y la filosofía de G.W.F. Hegel. Se investiga en primer lugar cuál fue la interpretación idealista del tiempo centrándose, después, en el estudio de las relaciones entre la concepción de la historia en Hegel y la idea de símbolo en Gadamer. Finalmente, el ensayo justifica la afinidad entre ambos autores a raíz de la importancia que cobra el lenguaje en la fundamentación de la moderna hermenéutica histórica.

  20. Considering Hans-Georg Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics as a referent for student understanding of nature-of-science concepts

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    Rashford, Jared M.

    The purpose of this study is to examine philosophical hermeneutics as a referent for student understanding of Nature-of-Science (NOS) concepts. Rather than focus on a prescriptive set of canons used in addressing NOS pedagogy in K-12 schools, this study seeks to explicate a descriptive set of principles based on Hans-Georg Gadamer's theory of interpretation that has the potential for developing dispositions necessary for understanding. Central among these are the concepts of fore-structure, prejudice, temporal distance, and history of effect, all of which constitute part of the whole of the hermeneutic circle as envisaged by Gadamer. As such, Gadamer's hermeneutics is contrasted with Cartesian epistemology and its primacy of method, the Enlightenment's prejudice against prejudice, the modernist/progressive tendency to consider all situations as problems to be solved by relegating all forms of knowledge to techne, and the subjective nature of interpretation inherent in a hermeneutics of suspicion. The implication of such a conceptual analysis for NOS pedagogy is that student understanding is considered not so much as a cognitive outcome dependent on a series of mental functions but rather as an ontological characteristic of Dasein (being-human) that situates learning in the interchange between interpreter and text. In addition, the philosophical foundations implicit in addressing student understanding of NOS found in many curricular reform efforts and pedagogical practices in science education are questioned. Gadamer's hermeneutics affords science education a viable philosophical framework within which to consider student understanding of the development of scientific knowledge and the scientific enterprise.

  1. La filosofia di Hans-Georg Gadamer e il problema del disagio della modernità. Ermeneutica, estetica, etica e politica

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    Marino, Stefano

    2008-01-01

    L’ermeneutica filosofica di Hans-Georg Gadamer – indubbiamente uno dei capisaldi del pensiero novecentesco – rappresenta una filosofia molto composita, sfaccettata e articolata, per così dire formata da una molteplicità di dimensioni diverse che si intrecciano l’una con l’altra. Ciò risulta evidente già da un semplice sguardo alla composizione interna della sua opera principale, Wahrheit und Methode (1960), nella quale si presenta una teoria del comprendere che prende in esame ...

  2. «Nada es la realidad en sí» Una conversación entre Thomas Luckmann, Hans-Georg Soeffner y Georg Vobruba

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    Thomas Luckmann

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Thomas Luckmann y Hans-Georg Soeffner nunca tuvieron una relación directa como profesor e investigador. Sin embargo, ambos representan un enfoque sociológico con raíces en la fenomenología y ambos abarcan la vida cotidiana, la religión y el conocimiento (entre otros como temas de investigación. Por el contrario, mis intereses se centran en problemas políticos y económicos, integración europea, seguridad social y temas relacionados. De cualquier modo, encontramos un fondo común muy amplio para nuestro debate, mucho más de lo que pudimos documentar en este diálogo. Quizá se debe a que tácitamente acordamos lo siguiente: para explicar el desarrollo de instituciones, se debe entender cómo actúa la gente. Para entender las acciones de la gente, se debe analizar cómo observa la realidad social. Sin embargo, quizás exista otro factor que también importa. Resultó que nosotros tres estamos fuertemente inclinados a la ironía y, sí, al sinsentido. Así, para mí el debate con Thomas Luckmann y Hans-Georg Soeffner fue impresionante y divertido. De verdad espero que esta entrevista así lo demuestre.

  3. Experiência estética como experiência formativa a partir da ontologia de Hans-Georg Gadamer

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    Clenio Lago

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article are discussed the relationship between aesthetic experience and education from the ontology of Hans-Georg Gadamer, considering the aesthetic experience in man's encounter with the artwork and in the encounter between men. The arguments were made according to Philosophical Hermeneutics, course that allowed greater understanding of the educational process, in that it shows that anyone who experiences art puts himself into action, is challenged to be another. Thus, the experience of art, characterized by a plurality of experiences, constitutes in important self-formative moments, as it can generate both opening and culmination of processes, demarcating identities, without falling into methodological monism or in pure relativism. And it can be seen both in man's experience with the artwork and the experience between men, different ways of being. This way, when designing the aesthetic experience as an ontological one, Gadamer not only reconfigured the philosophical thought, giving rise to new aesthetic, but also updated Bildung amid the challenges of the rupture of metaphysics.

  4. Vivência de trabalhadores de um centro de atenção psicossocial: estudo à luz do pensamento de Martin Heidegger e Hans-Georg Gadamer

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    Maria Lúcia Pinheiro Garcia

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo é resultado de uma dissertação de mestrado em saúde pública e teve por objetivo compreender as vivências dos trabalhadores de saúde mental do Centro de Assistência Psicossocial da Secretaria Executiva Regional III (Caps-SER III em Fortaleza/CE. É uma abordagem fenomenológica/hermenêutica (interpretativa à luz do pensamento deMartin Heidegger e Hans-Georg Gadamer, utilizando a situação hermenêutica para analisar os discursos. Foram realizadas ao todo dez entrevistas fenomenológicas com a pergunta norteadora: "Como você vivencia a atenção à saúde mental no Caps?" Participaram das entrevistas cinco trabalhadores da saúde e cinco de apoio, sendo respeitado o processo de saturação teórica. Os discursos expressam a circunvisão da psiquiatria em um processo contínuo de transformação, dando origem à circunvisão do Caps. Neste processo, os trabalhadores do Caps ressoam sentimentos diferenciados, com vivências que geram sofrimento psíquico para alguns trabalhadores, influenciando em sua saúde mental. Com o des-velamento de suas vivências, espera-se que este estudo possa contribuir para o enriquecimento da construção do cuidado à saúde mental dos trabalhadores do Caps inseridos no processo da reforma psiquiátrica.

  5. Vivência de trabalhadores de um centro de atenção psicossocial: estudo à luz do pensamento de Martin Heidegger e Hans-Georg Gadamer Workers experiences from psychosocial assistance center: study in Martin Heidegger and Hans-Georg Gadamer approach

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    Maria Lúcia Pinheiro Garcia

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo é resultado de uma dissertação de mestrado em saúde pública e teve por objetivo compreender as vivências dos trabalhadores de saúde mental do Centro de Assistência Psicossocial da Secretaria Executiva Regional III (Caps-SER III em Fortaleza/CE. É uma abordagem fenomenológica/hermenêutica (interpretativa à luz do pensamento deMartin Heidegger e Hans-Georg Gadamer, utilizando a situação hermenêutica para analisar os discursos. Foram realizadas ao todo dez entrevistas fenomenológicas com a pergunta norteadora: "Como você vivencia a atenção à saúde mental no Caps?" Participaram das entrevistas cinco trabalhadores da saúde e cinco de apoio, sendo respeitado o processo de saturação teórica. Os discursos expressam a circunvisão da psiquiatria em um processo contínuo de transformação, dando origem à circunvisão do Caps. Neste processo, os trabalhadores do Caps ressoam sentimentos diferenciados, com vivências que geram sofrimento psíquico para alguns trabalhadores, influenciando em sua saúde mental. Com o des-velamento de suas vivências, espera-se que este estudo possa contribuir para o enriquecimento da construção do cuidado à saúde mental dos trabalhadores do Caps inseridos no processo da reforma psiquiátrica.This study is the result of a public health mastership dissertation and had the purpose of comprehend the mental health workers experiences from Psychosocial Assistance Center in Regional III Executive Secretary (Caps-SER III ­ Fortaleza/CE. It's a phenomenological/ hermeneutic approach (interpretative, in the light of the thought of Martin Heidegger and Hans-Georg Gadamer, using the hermeneutic situation to analyze the discourses. Ten phenomenological interviews were carried out with a guide question: "How do you experience the mental health attention in Caps?" Five health workers and five base workers took part in the interviews, respecting the theoretical saturation process. The discourses

  6. Degradação ambiental e consciência da história efeitual: contribuições de Hans-Georg Gadamer ao diálogo intergeracional

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    Haide Maria Hupffer

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo examina o princípio da história efeitual elaborado por Hans-Georg Gadamer e a formação de uma consciência hermenêutica sobre a degradação ambiental ancorada no diálogo hermenêutico intergeracional. Apresenta, sob uma perspectiva gadameriana, que o conceito de história efeitual ganha iluminação ao mostrar que a tradição histórica ancorada na relação de poder do homem sobre a natureza tem algo a dizer. Esse dizer da tradição histórica reflete a sociedade de risco e convoca o ser humano a pensar refletivamente sobre as consequências de seus atos. Assim, o compreender gadameriano favorece a concretização do princípio da solidariedade intergeracional.

  7. 论维特根斯坦和伽达默尔在语言观上的差异%Differences in Linguistic View of Wittgenstein and Hans-georg

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谈克华

    2009-01-01

    Language problems are the core problems which get attention from British and American linguistic philosophy and hermeneutics. There is no doubt that Wittgenstein and Hans-goorg are the most representatives of the two philosophical schools. Wittgenstein and Hans-georg hold different views on problems of language and existence, language and world, as well as language and understanding. By the comparison of their discussions on the view of language, we can reinforce our understanding on the traditional relationships between British and American linguistic philosophy and hermeneutics.%语言问题是英美语言哲学和解释学共同关注的重要问题,而维特根斯坦和伽达默尔无疑是这两派哲学最具代表性的人物.在语言与存在、语言与世界以及语言与理解等诸问题上,维特根斯坦和伽达默尔都有着迥然不同的观点,对他们在语言观方面的有关论述进行比较,也可以有助于我们加深对英美语言哲学和解释学这两大哲学传统的关系的理解.

  8. Entrevista con Hans-Georg Gadamer.

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    - Consejo de Redacción

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Gadamer nació en 1900. Pasó su juventud en Breslau. Empieza a frecuentar las aulas universitarias en esta ciudad, hacia 1918, pero inicia sus estudios superiores en Marburgo, bajo la guía de Natorp, doctorándose en filosofía en 1922. Luego se licencia en filología clásica, tutelado por un especialista platónico como Friedliinder. Pero tras el influjo temprano (1923, en Friburgo, de Husserl y luego de Heidegger, presentará su trabajo de habilitación como profesor de filosofía en Marburgo, en 1928, sobre la ética dialéctica de Platón, que publicaría dos años después. Ha sido más tarde (alejado de Heidegger en los años treinta, profesor en Leipzig, desde 1939, yen Frankfurt, desde 1947, hasta ser nombrado catedrático de la Universidad de Heidelberg, en 1949, sucediendo a Jaspers. Jubilado en 1968, Gadamer es hoy catedrático emérito de la ciudad del Neckar. A su admirable trabajo como impulsor de las humanidades en Alemania y como maestro de filósofos de toda Europa (y también de América, se une su fundación, en 1953, de una revista clave para el pensamiento de posguerra: Philosophische Rundschau. Miembro de numerosas academias, alemanas o extranjeras (por ejemplo, de la Accademia dei Lincei, desde 1973, Gadamer sigue interviniendo destacadamente en la vida intelectual de los países de habla alemana y de Italia. Entre otros, ha recibido, en 1979 el premio Sigmund Freud de la Academia alemana para la Lengua y la Literatura, a la que pertenece.

  9. On the Author's Priority——Hans-Georg Gadamer's Historical Distance Theory%论作者的优先性——兼评伽达默尔的历史距离说

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    严春友

    2015-01-01

    It is generally accepted that reader can better understand the work of its author while Hans-Georg Gadamer claims in his historical distance theory that reader can get more objective understanding of the meaning of history than the author. But in the author of this paper's opinion there is something wrong in it, for it neglects the author's feeling and experience, thus it neglects or even negates the meaning of its emotional existence and then brings danger to the value and dignity of individual existence. The relationship between reader and author is virtually the relationship of body and cognition, in which the former is the course of existence which is original while the latter is the understanding of the course of existence which is derivative. Thus it can be drawn that the author has the priority. The author's text restricts the reader's field of vision, and if it exceeds that of the text, it is not the understanding of the text itself. So, it is clear that the accepted view really acts on eliminating the body but it should be restricted, and if it won't be restricted, the bodyis eliminated completely, and then there will be a danger that holism exists while individuality is negated.%有一种流行的说法,认为读者比作者更理解他的作品;还有伽达默尔的历史距离说,认为后来者比当事人能够更客观地理解历史的意义.笔者认为,这种观点存在着学理上的谬误,并且存在着忽视当事人感受和体验,从而忽视甚至否定其感性存在意义以至于个体存在价值和尊严的危险.作者与读者的关系,实质上是本体与认识的关系,前者是存在过程,是本源性的,后者则是对于存在过程的理解,是次生的,因而作者是具有优先性的:作者的文本限定了读者的视域,规定了理解的根本方向;若超出文本的视域,便不再是对于该文本的理解.前述流行的观点诚然具有消解主体性的作用,但这种消解应当是有限度的;若是没有

  10. Bias properties of extragalactic distance indicators. 3: Analysis of Tully-Fisher distances for the Mathewson-Ford-Buchhorn sample of 1355 galaxies

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    Federspiel, Martin; Sandage, Allan; Tammann, G. A.

    1994-01-01

    The observational selection bias properties of the large Mathewson-Ford-Buchhorn (MFB) sample of axies are demonstrated by showing that the apparent Hubble constant incorrectly increases outward when determined using Tully-Fisher (TF) photometric distances that are uncorreted for bias. It is further shown that the value of H(sub 0) so determined is also multivlaued at a given redshift when it is calculated by the TF method using galaxies with differenct line widths. The method of removing this unphysical contradiction is developed following the model of the bias set out in Paper II. The model developed further here shows that the appropriate TF magnitude of a galaxy that is drawn from a flux-limited catalog not only is a function of line width but, even in the most idealistic cases, requires a triple-entry correction depending on line width, apparent magnitude, and catalog limit. Using the distance-limited subset of the data, it is shown that the mean intrinsic dispersion of a bias-free TF relation is high. The dispersion depends on line width, decreasing from sigma(M) = 0.7 mag for galaxies with rotational velocities less than 100 km s(exp-1) to sigma(M) = 0.4 mag for galaxies with rotational velocities greater than 250 km s(exp-1). These dispersions are so large that the random errors of the bias-free TF distances are too gross to detect any peculiar motions of individual galaxies, but taken together the data show again the offset of 500 km s(exp-1) fond both by Dressler & Faber and by MFB for galaxies in the direction of the putative Great Attractor but described now in a different way. The maximum amplitude of the bulk streaming motion at the Local Group is approximately 500 km s(exp-1) but the perturbation dies out, approaching the Machian frame defined by the CMB at a distance of approximately 80 Mpc (v is approximately 4000 km s(exp -1)). This decay to zero perturbation at v is approximately 4000 km s(exp -1) argues against existing models with a single

  11. 从解释学角度谈对“重写文学史”的一些看法——以伽达默尔哲学解释学思想为主%Opinion Towards "Rewriting History of Literature" in Hermeneutics perspective -- Focusing on Hans-Georg Gadamer' s Philosophical Hermeneutics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋辰博

    2012-01-01

    解释学是一门古老而又新兴的学科,哲学解释学是其中的一个重要的分支,发挥着重要的作用,已成为人文学科研究中的方法论之一,伽达默尔是其代表性人物,他的解释者的历史性是无法消除的理论,他的语言观,他的解释学循环理论等对于当今学界的热门研究方向——“重写文学史”有重要的借鉴作用和方法论意义。%Hermeneutics is an ancient but rising discipline, while Philosophical Hermeneutics is one of the most crucial branch, playing an important role in methodology of humanities research. Hans-Georg Gadamer is the Represen- tative figure of Philosophical Hermeneutics, whose "historically effected consciousness", language view and Herrneneu- tic cycle theory etc. have important reference and methodology meaning for today' s popular research trend "rewrit- ing History of literature".

  12. Hans-Georg Gadamer on Praxis and Hermeneutical Understanding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Roy,Abhik; Bayo; Oludaja

    2011-01-01

    汉斯—乔治·伽达默尔,于2002年5月13日与世长辞,享年102岁。他整个职业生涯都致力于研究理解的本质和文本的意义。自1960年代以来,他的划时代巨著《真理与方法》影响巨大,他关于阐释学的思想引发了国际学界和跨学科研究的革命。这篇文章旨在解释伽达默尔关于实践的观点,澄明伽达默尔在哲学解释学意义上"理解"的观念。

  13. Religious Education in Germany and England: The Recent Work of Hans-Georg Ziebertz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, John M.

    2005-01-01

    Religious education in England and Germany is similar in many respects and different in others. In both countries the subject must embrace religious plurality, and in both there are questions about the role of the religious communities in their relation to religious education. In recent his book, "Religious Education in a Plural, Western…

  14. La tradición en la hermenéutica de Hans Georg Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Douzet

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta la hermenéutica gadameriana que concibe la historia como flujoinagotable de verdades que se desprende del diálogo entre el intérprete y la obra. Aquello porconocer no es el pasado en si mismo, sino lo que fue en relación a lo que es. Las verdadesacontecen a partir de la mediación entre pasado y presente. Tal mediación es realizada por latradición. Desde, hacia y en la tradición es posible la Verstehen, la comprensión.

  15. Experiencia e historicidad en la hermenéutica de Hans-Georg Gadamer

    OpenAIRE

    Mauricio Mancilla Muñoz

    2013-01-01

    Se busca mostrar la mutua correspondencia entre experiencia e historicidad en la obra de H.-G. Gadamer. La experiencia es entendida como el movimiento fundamental de la existencia histórica, la cual articula las diversas esferas de la acción humana. La experiencia hermenéutica pone de manifiesto que el comprender no puede fundarse en un procedimiento metódico, sino en la forma del existir situado en el mundo. El acto hermenéutico es entendido como un continuo proceso de apropiación que se rea...

  16. Experiencia e historicidad en la hermenéutica de Hans-Georg Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Mancilla Muñoz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Se busca mostrar la mutua correspondencia entre experiencia e historicidad en la obra de H.-G. Gadamer. La experiencia es entendida como el movimiento fundamental de la existencia histórica, la cual articula las diversas esferas de la acción humana. La experiencia hermenéutica pone de manifiesto que el comprender no puede fundarse en un procedimiento metódico, sino en la forma del existir situado en el mundo. El acto hermenéutico es entendido como un continuo proceso de apropiación que se realiza mediante el lenguaje, y como un ámbito en el que se van actualizando nuevos significados que develan el carácter aconteciente y móvil de la interpretación. Por ello, la historicidad de la comprensión será el principio hermenéutico fundamental que excluye la posibilidad de una conciencia histórica absoluta, a favor de una “conciencia de la repercusión histórica” (wirkungsgeschtliches Bewußtseins.

  17. [Hermeneutics and health: reflections on the thinking of Hans-Georg Gadamer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Araújo, Janieiry Lima; Paz, Elisabete Pimenta Araujo; Moreira, Thereza Maria Magalhães

    2012-02-01

    This article has as its objective the desire to contribute to nursing practice with the use of Gadamer's hermeneutics. It reflects on the incorporation of the conceptual paradigm of health, care and therapeutic dialogue. In the first section the article discusses the Gadamerian concepts of the work Truth and Method, the hermeneutics philosophy proposed by the philosopher, and it concludes with the articulation of the health concept presented in the work The Hidden Character of Health, which proposes care mediated by therapeutic dialogue and its use by nursing professionals.

  18. Descaminhos do método: notas sobre história e tradição em Hans-Georg Gadamer Wayless methods: notes about history and tradition in Hans Georg Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Côrtes

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir de Verdade e Método, este artigo analisa a historicidade da atitude epistêmica e do método científico, explorando alguns aspectos envolvidos no estatuto prudencial do conhecimento histórico tal como estabeleceu a obra de Gadamer.Drawing on Truth and Method, this article examines the historicity of the epistemic position and of the scientific method, and explores some aspects of the prudential statute of historical knowledge as established in Gadamer's work.

  19. Culture, place and location / Dorothee Bauerle-Willert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bauerle-Willert, Dorothee

    2003-01-01

    Kultuuri seotusest ja seosetusest koha ja paigaga - globaliseerumise tingimustes riikide ja rahvaste piirid ei lange enam kokku kultuuri piiridega, mistõttu kultuuri mõistmisel muutub oluliseks pinge koha ja kohatuse vahel

  20. Artificial landscapes / Dorothée Bauerle- Willert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bauerle- Willert, Dorothée

    2008-01-01

    Maastik ei ole enam osa loodusest, vaid juba 18. sajandist alates on tehislikkus modernismi peamisi kategooriaid. C. Baudelaire', W. Benjamini ja L.Aragoni kujutelmi moodsast linnast kui tehisloodusest, kui virtuaalsest maastikust. Ka V. Nedeljkoviî ja N. Jeremiî videoprojektist "L2 and the Towers"

  1. Culture, place and location / Dorothee Bauerle-Willert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bauerle-Willert, Dorothee

    2003-01-01

    Kultuuri seotusest ja seosetusest koha ja paigaga - globaliseerumise tingimustes riikide ja rahvaste piirid ei lange enam kokku kultuuri piiridega, mistõttu kultuuri mõistmisel muutub oluliseks pinge koha ja kohatuse vahel

  2. Artificial landscapes / Dorothée Bauerle- Willert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bauerle- Willert, Dorothée

    2008-01-01

    Maastik ei ole enam osa loodusest, vaid juba 18. sajandist alates on tehislikkus modernismi peamisi kategooriaid. C. Baudelaire', W. Benjamini ja L.Aragoni kujutelmi moodsast linnast kui tehisloodusest, kui virtuaalsest maastikust. Ka V. Nedeljkoviî ja N. Jeremiî videoprojektist "L2 and the Towers"

  3. Hermenêutica e saúde: reflexões sobre o pensamento de Hans-Georg Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janieiry Lima de Araújo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo contribuir para a utilização da hermenêutica de Gadamer na prática de enfermagem. Reflete acerca da incorporação do paradigma conceitual sobre a saúde, o cuidado e o diálogo terapêutico. Na primeira parte, apresenta a discussão dos conceitos Gadamerianos da obra Verdade e Método, a filosofia hermenêutica proposta pelo filósofo e finaliza com a articulação do conceito de saúde apresentado na obra O Caráter Oculto da Saúde, que propõe o cuidado mediado pelo diálogo terapêutico e sua utilização pelos profissionais de enfermagem.

  4. The Principle of Unavailability of Language and the Fusion of Horizons in Hans-Georg Gadamer's Philosophical Hermeneutics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Catoggio

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The replacement of the Heideggerian Idea of Being-toward-Death with the Gadamerian notion of Being-for-the-Text imposes important changes in the Philosophical Hermeneutics. The present paper analyses the “principle of unavailability of language” taking into account the idea of a fusion of horizons regarding text interpretation. It considers the function of this last idea for different natural languages, and ends with the thesis that Gadamer’s Hermeneutics has in fact two possible meanings.

  5. Nunca é muito tarde para a razão: notas sobre solidariedade em Hans-Georg Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimundo Rajobac

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O tema da solidariedade tal como é pensado por Gadamer merece uma atenção especial, justamente pelo fato do mesmo nos ajudar a pensarmos as relações humanas de forma a superar estruturas monológicas e posições de supremacia, características da modernidade. A produtividade do conceito gadameriano de solidariedade justifica-se, pelo fato de o mesmo, se encontrar profundamente entranhado na malha (tradição da vida social e oferecer uma esperança realista para a expansão das formas de mutualidade e do comum, nas quais a solidariedade em si depende. Experimentar uma nova solidariedade significa, portanto, criar novas saídas, explorar novos recursos e recursos já existentes que ajude a humanidade a salvar a si mesma.

  6. Hans-Georg Gadamer's Style and Discourse%伽达默尔行文例示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛华

    2011-01-01

    哲学有自己的语言.哲学语言在各哲学家之间有相似之处,也有不同之处.伽达默尔有一种特有的哲学语言.本文试图说明他的语言特点,所选的途径是说明其文章的风格,而这又是通过列述其写作或行文的几个特点来进行的.伽达默尔在现代哲学史上风姿卓越、目光如炬,他经历了上个世纪的种种风云,无论是身处逆境,还是身处顺境,都保住了哲学的风骨和哲人的大体,并在极为复杂与多变的哲学态势内形成了其自身的哲学文风和语风.他的文风和语风与同时代其他大哲学家(例如他的老师海德格尔)的文风和语风明显有别,显示出具有一种个性,同时无疑又具有经典作家的品格.他的文风和语风易知而难学,难学却应当一学.这种学习可以是一种有益的练习、一种生活体验、一种精神陶冶.本文列举了伽达默尔文风和语风的几个方面.只是为了表明他的文风和语风值得揣摩体味,但这样做也不免有肢解之疑.

  7. Tradition et distance temporelle : « de la justesse de la compréhension » chez Hans-Georg Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Marinescu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I will discuss Gadamer’s attempt to reach to a deeper dimension of truth, situated beneath the scientific objectivity and independent from methodological criteria. If the truth finds its core in tradition, as Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics says it, and there is no objectivity other than the confirmation given by the historical prejudices, how is it still possible to consider the problem of the correctness of the understanding? Can we assign a critical function to the temporal distance and identify tradition as a source of truth and meaning, as Gadamer does in “Truth and Method”, and consider them viable solutions to this problem? The following paper tries to answer this question by discussing the temporal distance in its transcendental dimension for the hermeneutical experience and by emphasizing its relation to the tradition defined as an “in between” strangeness and familiarity.

  8. Actitud fenomenológica y actitud hermenéutica en la racionalidad dialógica y ecuménica de Hans-Georg Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Monteagudo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available   El presente trabajo se propone mostrar de qué modo la influencia de Husserl en la hermenéutica de Gadamer no solamente tiene que ver con la deuda conceptual y metodológica que este último reconoce tener con diversas temáticas fenomenológicas, sino que también ella es fuente de inspiración en la caracterización que la obra gadameriana tardía hace de la hermenéutica como el arte de poder escuchar y estar dispuesto a no tener la razón. En tal sentido, la presentación que haremos de los temas gadamerianos en torno a la pluralidad lingüística que caracteriza nuestra vida en el lenguaje y la necesidad de desarrollar un pensamiento ecuménico y dialógico para enfrentar los desafíos de este nuevo siglo darán cuenta dicha recepción.

  9. Lenguaje y verdad. Sobre la relación entre retórica y filosofía en Hans-Georg Gadamer

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    La filosofía práctica, la retórica y la hermenéutica constituyen en la obra de Gadamer una constelación central y al mismo tiempo problemática. Si la lingüisticidad (Sprachlichkeii) y la relación con el lenguaje (Sprachhezogenheit) de toda comprensión tienen para la hermenéutica la fuerza de acuñar una teoría, con ello se tematizan, por otra parte, los motivos que Gadamer encuentra para romper el estrecho concepto de hermenéutica como arte de la comprensión de textos. Sin embargo, s...

  10. 伽达默尔的审美意识批判及其启示%Hans-Georg Gadamer's Criticism on esthetic consciousness and the revelations therefrom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈吉猛

    2002-01-01

    伽达默尔对海德格尔的艺术真理学说进行解释学的重构,通过审美意识批判提出理解的真理,并以之作为艺术理论的立足点.伽达默尔指出:康德的审美趣味、席勒的审美王国、哈曼的审美感知、尧斯的审美经验将纯粹的审美意识作为艺术理论的立足点,否弃艺术作为理解的认识的真理功能,显示了美学对于艺术理论的局限性.伽达默尔的这一批判结果对我国当代文学理论建设和发展极具启迪意义.

  11. 伽达默尔哲学的七个关键术语%Seven key terms in the philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    R.E.帕尔默

    2002-01-01

    "存在之显现" 是伽达默尔的真理观念."时间性"指的是通过语言性、书写性、和诗歌的奇迹,产生了文本战胜历史"时间"而具有"同时性" 的奇迹."实践智慧" 是伦理方式选择善的理智."应用"的意思是当我们理解过去的某件事物时,我们同样领会它在今天是如何应用的 "传统"是指我们在语言中继承下来的态度和方法,在我们试图弄懂任何事物时都会在我们的意识中发生作用,而"效果历史意识" 是一种历史总结在发挥作用的意识.语言最典型地生存于交谈、问答、对话的平等交换之中.使人类团结在一起的的节日庆典是真正交流的基础.

  12. 伽达默尔游戏观及其美学思想%Hans-Georg Gadamer's Games' View and Aesthetics Thought Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白雪

    2007-01-01

    伽达默尔以现象学方法否定了"主体化"游戏说,游戏作为构成物这一意义整体的存在方式是表现,这样的表现是于理解中实现的,游戏即理解.艺术具有游戏的一切特质,艺术作为非主体性的意义整体要求理解的参与,艺术在于艺术的未来性.

  13. Review: Dirk Tänzler, Hubert Knobloch & Hans-Georg Soeffner (Eds. (2006. Neue Perspektiven der Wissenssoziologie [New Perspectives on the Sociology of Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torsten Junge

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The 14 articles in this collection present theories, questions and research areas in German sociology of knowledge. The contributions analyze the construction of reality with regard to knowledge. As a science of "the real," sociology of knowledge gains access to other disciplines such as ethnology, systems theory, communication studies or cognitive science. The collection emphasizes a critical approach to the possibilities and capacities of sociology of knowledge as such. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0901278

  14. Piirideta maailm / Dorothee Bauerle-Willert ; tõlk. Mari Laanemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bauerle-Willert, Dorothee

    2005-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline kunstnike foorum (IKG) Tallinnas Rotermanni soolalaos 22.-24. IX. 1976. a. asutatud kunstnike, kuraatorite ja kriitikute liidu IKG (Internationales Künstlergremium, asutajad: Joseph Beuys, Jochen Gerz, Gotthard Graubner, Klaus Staeck) eesmärgist ning tegevusest. Kunstimuuseumide rollist, ülesannetest, imidzhist ja muutumisest

  15. Para que Filosofia da Educação Física Escolar? Para além de uma paráfrase das Teses de Hans-Georg Flickinger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Morschbacher

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This present work, from the Flickinger (2004, we reflect on the possibility of building a Philosophy of Physical Education Classes in which subjects adopt a stance reflected and reasoned actions critically. Thus, we present eight thesis with the aim of stimulatingdiscussion related to this subject. We believe that the pedagogical practiceof Physical Education Classes is able to transcend constraints that limit the act of teaching a curriculum componentin school and build a Philosophyof Physical Education Classes.

  16. 伽达默尔与马克思在实践价值领域的视域融合%On Amalgamation of Hans Georg Gadamer's Practical Value with Marx's

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄伯承

    2010-01-01

    伽达默尔与马克思在哲学理论上都曾经历过从前期到后期转折性的变化,他们的诠释学理论与实践哲学互为关照且融为一体.伽达默尔以诠释学为基础,阐明了实践哲学对人生、社会的价值作用.马克思以实践作为诠释的途径和方法,以价值为对文本诠释的最终目的,实践价值成为伽达默尔和马克思全部哲学思想的落脚点和着眼点.因此,两种不同阶级不同阶段的诠释学在实践价值视域,仍然能够融合.

  17. 解释学与解构论的相遇--H.-G.伽达默尔与卡斯腾·杜特对谈录%Hermeneutics and Deconstruction:An Interview with Hans-Georg Gadamer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    H.-G.伽达默尔; 卡斯腾·杜特; 金惠敏

    2004-01-01

    20世纪60年代以来,哲学解释学和解构论的各自发展及其相互诘难构成了欧陆最有意味的理论景观.本文采用哲学解释学所倡导的对话形式,由其标志性理论家伽达默尔在对谈者杜特的问辩下清理了解释学与解构论的错综复杂.其中关于意义、真理、古典以及艺术体验中驻留、返回的讨论读来备感亲切和启迪,因为,这些也是存在于我们古老传统且至今仍纠缠着我们的理论难题.

  18. The criticism of aesthetic consciousness by Hans - Georg Gadamer and its revelation%伽达默尔的审美意识批判及其启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈吉猛

    2002-01-01

    伽这默尔对海德格尔的艺术真理学说进行解释学的重构,通过审美意识批判提出理解的真理,并以之作为艺术理论的立足点.伽达默尔指出:康德的审美趣味、席勒的审美王国、哈曼的审美感知、尧斯的审美经验将纯粹的审美意识作为艺术理论的立足点,否弃艺术的作为理解的认识的真理功能,显示了美学对于艺术理论的局限性.伽达默尔的这一批判结果对我国当代文学理论建设和发展极具启迪意义.

  19. 伽达默尔与杜夫海纳关于审美存在的时间性观念%Hans-Georg Gadamer's and M · Dufrenne's Ideas of the temporality of aesthetic being

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴海庆

    2001-01-01

    伽达默尔认为审美存在的时间性就是它的现在性,但是现在性又隶属于效果历史.杜夫海纳认为审美存在的时间性主要指"人的历史时间".他们关于审美存在的时间性观念都基于胡塞尔现象学的"意识进行的内在时间",但又对此有所突破.二人的论述相互补充和印证,丰富和发展了现象学时间性观念.

  20. 诠释学与伦理学——纪念伽达默尔逝世五周年%The Study of Explanation and Ethics: a memory for Hans-Georg Gadamer's 5 Years Death

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛华

    2007-01-01

    伽达默尔在哲学诠释学的发展中完成了一个转折,这一转折和他赋予诠释学以伦理学维度有紧密关系.只有把他的诠释学和伦理学联系起来,才能理解他的诠释学的内涵与精神,才能理解他的诠释学为什么是作为一种实践哲学.本文强调伽达默尔的诠释学具有伦理学维度和内涵,没有进一步涉及诠释学对于伦理学的意义这个方面,这并不意味着作者认为这个方面不那么重要,也不意味着作者认为伽达默尔对于伦理学本身的研究没有他特有的成就.作者在同伽达默尔的交往中意识到,哲学即使是在今天这一解构时代也还必须把自己理解为意义的说明者与商讨者,甚至是一名意义的守护者与承担者.这不能不包含着许多方面,其中一个方面是把诠释学和伦理学联系起来进行探讨.伽达默尔已经开拓了这条路径,了解和解释他的研究对我们将是大有帮助的.事实上国内也已经有人开始这一工作,本文只是表示跟进,并以此纪念他逝世五周年.

  1. 伽达默尔的审美意识批判及其启示%The Criticism of Aesthetic Consciousness by Hans-Georg Gadamer and Its Revelation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈吉猛

    2002-01-01

    伽达默尔对海德格尔的艺术真理学说进行解释学的重构,通过审美意识批判提出理解的真理,并以之作为艺术理论的立足点.伽达默尔指出:康德的审美趣味、席勒的审美王国、哈曼的审美感知、尧斯的审美经验将纯粹的审美意识作为艺术理论的立足点,否弃艺术的作为理解的认识的真理功能,显示了美学对于艺术理论的局限性.伽达默尔的这一批判结果对我国当代文学理论建设和发展极具启迪意义.

  2. 洞见与盲视——论伽达默尔的解释学美学%Percipience and Blindness——On Hans-Georg Gadamer's Hermeneutics and Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志

    2008-01-01

    伽达默尔的解释学思想将哲学引向了更广阔的历史空间和文化空间,扩展 了哲学理解的新视野,并为整个精神科学的研究打下了方法论基础.但同时他将美学从属于解释学,将艺术认识论化,忽视了艺术创作和欣赏之间的差异,以对艺术的理解超越对其的体验,实际上是以艺术的理解价值压制了其体验价值,割裂了艺术形式与内容之间的关系.一定程度上误导了20世纪美学和艺术的发展.

  3. Again and again reading Hans-Georg Gadamer' s Reason in the Age of Science%重读伽达默尔《科学时代的理性》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石发文

    2011-01-01

    科学这个概念在今天已不是什么陌生的词汇,科学时代的到来也是大家所一致认同的,我们这个时代的人们似乎已不能离开科学.本文试图从诠释学的视角来重新审视科学,重新审视科学这个时代,以期人们对它有一个理性的认识.

  4. Hacia una hermenéutica del saber científico: Un diálogo con el pensamiento (dialógico de Hans-Georg Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Vidal Jiménez

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Desde un encuentro “dialógico” con la filosofía hermenéutica de Gadamer, el pensamiento hermenéutico de presenta como una nueva y singular forma histórica de darse el Ser en el colapso y fin de la metafísica occidental. Lejos de ofrecerse como una mera opción metodológica, la hermenéutica supone no sólo una invitación decidida a la renovación trans-disciplinaria y compleja del conocimiento. Como una nueva “episteme”, como un nuevo lenguaje “común” en las diferencias, supone, ante todo, un compromiso-ético político con el otro como posibilidad de ir siendo. El “Diálogo” y la “Interpretación” se convierten, pues, en la base de una ontología débil desde la que deconstruir creativamente nuestra radical lingüisticidad y finitud histórica.

  5. 伽达默尔的哲学诠释学与我国教育理念的转变%The Philosophical Hermeneutics by Hans-Georg Gadamer and the Change of the Educational Conception in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭启福

    2004-01-01

    透过伽达默尔的哲学诠释学所实现的理解方法论到理解本体论的转向、对理解过程中主体间性的揭示以及对诠释学真理的重视,反思我国现存的教育模式,我们认为我国的教育改革必须在教育理念上实现如下突破:由知识论模式向本体论模式转变,由主客二分模式向主体间性模式转变和由单一的实证科学模式向多元的文化模式转变.

  6. Theory of Accumulating and Horizontverschmelzung: A Comparison between Li Zehou and Hans-Georg Gadamer%"积淀说"与"视域融合"--李泽厚与伽达默尔的一个比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章辉

    2003-01-01

    "积淀说"与"视域融合"分别是李泽厚主体性实践哲学和伽达默尔哲学解释学的核心概念.前者以集体主体性为本,后者以个体存在为先.这使两者的理论探索既有深刻性,同时也有不可忽视的片面性.

  7. El principio de indisponibilidad del lenguaje y la fusión de horizontes en la hermenéutica filosófica de Hans-Georg Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Catoggio

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El reemplazo de la idea heideggeriana del ser-para-la muerte por la noción gadameriana del ser-para-el-texto tiene consecuencias de importantes desarrollos dentro de la hermenéutica filosófica. El presente trabajo aborda, en un primer momento, el llamado "principio de indisponibilidad del lenguaje" presentado a partir de un análisis de la fusión de horizontes en la comprensión de textos. La última parte afronta la función que cumple esta última en el caso de la comprensión según lenguajes naturales distintos, para terminar por observar que la hermenéutica de Gadamer presenta en realidad dos posibles sentidos de la fusión de horizontes.

  8. 徐复观与伽达默尔:解释学的比较——"意义"和"意味"的张力%Xu Fukuan and Hans-George Gadamer: A Hermeneutical Comparison——The Tension between "meaning" and "significance"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘毅青

    2009-01-01

    The approach that Xu Fukuan adopted in interpreting the concrete ideological and art history has theoretical hermeneu-tical significance. The core of his hermeneutics is to "pursue experience", which fits into the inner' characteristics of Chinese thought. It emphasizes the meaning generation process in the subjective and objective fusion of text, author and reader. It is dif-ferent from Gadamer's hermeneutics which, built on the basis of logos center, is philosophically text-centered. While absorbing the rational elements in Chinese classical hermeneutics such as "zhiren iunshi" and "yiyi nizhi", the distinction of "meaning" and "significance" prevent it from following a subjective tendency. Under the guidance of "meaning", "significance" is gener-ated in the understanding of the reader by the author and text, and hence resolving the "conflict in hermeneutics" and making a breakthrough into the "hermeneutic circle".%徐复观在具体的思想史和艺术史阐释中所运用的方法具有解释学的理论意义,他的解释学核心是"追体验"."追体验"契合中国思想的"内在性"特征,它强调理解作为文本、作者与读者之间主客观融合的意味生成过程,这与伽达默尔解释学建基于逻各斯中心基础上、以文本为中心的哲学解释学不同.它一方面吸收了中国古典理解观中"知人论世"和"以意逆志"的合理性,另一方面则以"意义"和"意味"的区分避免了此种解释方法的主观化倾向.在"意义"的指引下,"意味"在作者和文本对读者的理解召唤中生成,化解了"解释学冲突",带来对解释学循环的突破.

  9. Deconstruction and construction:comparison between Hans-Georg Gadamer and Jurgen Habermas in their philosophy and translation thoughts%解构和建构:伽达默尔和哈贝马斯的哲学翻译思想之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张万防; 翟长红

    2008-01-01

    伽达默尔的哲学解释学翻译思想对传统翻译理论中一些盛行的观点进行了解构,但却没有对之进行新的建构,这给翻译研究带来了极大的困难.而哈贝马斯则批判地继承了伽达默尔的翻译思想,他提出的普遍语用学理论不仅很好地填补伽氏翻译思想的不足,而且还对构建新的翻译学体系有着极其深远的影响.

  10. A Conceptual Research on the History and the Subject of Hermeneutics by Hans-Georg Gadamer——Taking the second part of Truth and Method as the center%伽达默尔解释学中的历史与主体概念探析——以《真理与方法》中的第二部分为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文建平

    2009-01-01

    解释学思想发展到伽达默尔已经达到了一个高峰,尤其是其中的历史和主体问题.对于启蒙理性的反驳主要有两种方式,一种是对于主体自身的内在构成研究,即从黑格尔开始发展至后来的主体间性思想,另一个则是由狄尔泰引进了历史因素,以此来补充和限制主体自身的过分膨胀,二者在解释学的发展中逐渐呈合流之势.狄尔泰,胡塞尔以及海德格尔分别站在他们各自不同的时代语境对这一问题进行了不同的探讨,直到伽达默尔,他站在解释学立场上对这一问题有了一个系统的总结,并创造性的提出了"效果历史"和"视域融合"概念,这样,他便立足于自己的时代困境,对这一问题有了更深的推进.

  11. Verfassungswirklichkeit in Osteuropa / Henn-Jüri Uibopuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uibopuu, Henn-Jüri, 1929-2012

    1981-01-01

    Tutvustus: Verfassungswirklichkeit in Osteuropa : dargestellt am Beispiel der Prasidia der obersten Vertretungsorgane / Hans-Georg Heinrich. Wien ; New York : Springer, 1980. (Forschungen aus Staat und Recht ; 52)

  12. Verfassungswirklichkeit in Osteuropa / Henn-Jüri Uibopuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uibopuu, Henn-Jüri, 1929-2012

    1981-01-01

    Tutvustus: Verfassungswirklichkeit in Osteuropa : dargestellt am Beispiel der Prasidia der obersten Vertretungsorgane / Hans-Georg Heinrich. Wien ; New York : Springer, 1980. (Forschungen aus Staat und Recht ; 52)

  13. Mobile horisonter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Mads Rosendahl

    2008-01-01

    Forholdet mellem verdenslitteratur og litteraturkritik diskuteres med inddragelse af blandt andre Hans-Georg Gadamer, David Damrosch og Richard Rorty.......Forholdet mellem verdenslitteratur og litteraturkritik diskuteres med inddragelse af blandt andre Hans-Georg Gadamer, David Damrosch og Richard Rorty....

  14. 5. III toimub EKA aulas...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise konverentsi "Aby Warburg (1866-1929) ja interdistsiplinaarne kunstiajalugu" kava. Esinevad Dorothee Bauerle-Willert, Matthew Rampley, Altti Kuusamo, Izabela Kowalczyk. Vestlust juhivad Krista Kodres ja Katrin Kivimaa

  15. Articulating a Hermeneutic Pedagogy: The Philosophy of Interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotirou, Peter

    1993-01-01

    Articulates the salient features of a hermeneutic pedagogy as utilized in a composition classroom. Foregrounds the hermeneutical conclusions of Hans-Georg Gadamer as they relate to the teaching of writing. (HB)

  16. JPRS Report, Soviet Union: Political Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-20

    but also because of certain snags inherent in the preparation of [Text] Hans-Georg Gadamer , resides in Heidelberg, translations. This matter has for...special attitude towards Gadamer : the same treatment units). First-class translators of philosophical works in has been accorded the overwhelming...I would like to return to Hans-Georg generations were brought up in the belief that there Gadamer . What is so appealing about his works and his

  17. Eesti-saksa kultuurivahetus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Frankfurdi Goethe-nim. Ülikooli ja Eesti Kunstiakadeemia vahetusnäitusena avati 26. X eesti kunstnike Margot Kase, Kiwa, Marko Laimre, Piia Ruberi, Kadi Soosalu, Mirja-Mari Smidti, Killu Sukmiti, Taave Tuutma näitus 'Lääne-Ida diivan' Frankfurdis. Koostajad Dorothee Bauerle-Willert, Mari Laanemets

  18. An Equitable Organization: Imagining What Is "Not Yet."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Janice

    2002-01-01

    Uses conceptual framework based on Hans-Georg Gadamer's three philosophical modes for understanding social phenomena to explore gender-based perspectives of employment-equity policy in Ontario, Canada, educational organizations during a period of political restructuring. (Contains 55 references.) (PKP)

  19. Practical Beauty and the Legacy of Pragmatism: Generating Theory for Community-Engaged Scholarship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandy, Marie

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I consider how Hans-Georg Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics can complement the pragmatic theory that has informed the field of service-learning, and with its emphasis on community and respect for others, can offer an orientation to further the work of service-learning and community engagement in a mutually satisfying way for…

  20. Beyond Truth and Method: On Misreading Gadamer's Praxical Hermeneutics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kuan-Hsing

    1987-01-01

    Argues for the priority of a "praxical" hermeneutics over both an ontological and a methodological one. Proposes a praxical dimension to the hermeneutic tradition within communication studies by focusing on and expanding Hans-Georg Gadamer's notion of practice. Suggests some new possibilities for the study of communication and mass…

  1. The Hermeneutics of Educational Questioning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bingham, Charles

    2005-01-01

    This article looks at the practice of educational questioning using the philosophical hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer. It first looks at questions and statements from a hermeneutic perspective, demonstrating some of the differences and similarities between the two. It then details Gadamer's notion of the "true question", asking whether it is…

  2. How Is the Internship Going Anyways? An Action Research Approach to Understanding the Triad Relationship between Interns, Mentors, and Field Advisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Arch Chee Keen

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a research project that looks at the relationship between mentors, interns, and field advisors on a theological internship programme by way of the theory and practice relationship as it relates to the university and field context. The work of Hans Georg Gadamer is used as a framework for understanding the interviews using…

  3. Hermeneutics 101.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Michelle M.

    This paper provides a historical background of hermeneutics, a method of textual analysis that is an "artful" form of understanding and a process of exposing hidden meanings. The paper discusses the evolution of hermeneutics, as well as the philosophical influences of Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, and Hans-Georg Gadamer. Noting that…

  4. Liberaalsest demokraatiast : isiklikust, isiklikult / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Ilm. ka: Esseed : ajalehes Postimees ilmunud esseed 2002-2004. [Tallinn] : Tänapäev, 2005. Lk. 143-147 : foto (J. Kaus). Francis Fukuyama käsitlus liberaalsest demokraatiast. Vabadus ja võrdsus demokraatlikus ühiskonnas. Hans-Georg Gadameri õpetus mõistmisest

  5. Liberaalsest demokraatiast : isiklikust, isiklikult / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Ilm. ka: Esseed : ajalehes Postimees ilmunud esseed 2002-2004. [Tallinn] : Tänapäev, 2005. Lk. 143-147 : foto (J. Kaus). Francis Fukuyama käsitlus liberaalsest demokraatiast. Vabadus ja võrdsus demokraatlikus ühiskonnas. Hans-Georg Gadameri õpetus mõistmisest

  6. "Bildung" and Intercultural Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohlin, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    The concept of "Bildung", sometimes translated as self-cultivation, is located at the core of an influential tradition of educational thought. A key question concerns the relationship between "Bildung" and interculturality. Drawing on Wilhelm von Humboldt and Hans-Georg Gadamer, and on the so-called transformative learning…

  7. Communication, Ethics, and Relativism: An Interpersonal Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, John

    This paper proposes that there is available in contemporary philosophy a foundation for an ethic of communication that avoids the naive belief in absolutes and yet provides a coherent, defensible, and practical set of standards to guide communication choices. The philosophers and philosophies identified are Hans-Georg Gadamer and his discussion of…

  8. JPRS Report, East Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-07

    press 12 Feb 88) pp 109-112 [Article by Prof Dr Hans-Georg Mehlhorn of the Depart- ment of Pedagogical Psychology at the Felix Mendel - sohn-Bartholdy...international standards our socialist values are meant to ease the way, not prevent us from taking it. As to 3: Gregor Schirmer proposes one method

  9. "Bildung" and Intercultural Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohlin, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    The concept of "Bildung", sometimes translated as self-cultivation, is located at the core of an influential tradition of educational thought. A key question concerns the relationship between "Bildung" and interculturality. Drawing on Wilhelm von Humboldt and Hans-Georg Gadamer, and on the so-called transformative learning…

  10. How Is the Internship Going Anyways? An Action Research Approach to Understanding the Triad Relationship between Interns, Mentors, and Field Advisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Arch Chee Keen

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a research project that looks at the relationship between mentors, interns, and field advisors on a theological internship programme by way of the theory and practice relationship as it relates to the university and field context. The work of Hans Georg Gadamer is used as a framework for understanding the interviews using…

  11. What is “geometric algebra”, and what has it been in historiography?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høyrup, Jens

    Following the lead of Hans Georg Zeuthen (not that of Tannery, as often claimed), many historians of mathematics since the outgoing nineteenth century have referred to “geometric algebra” as a constituent of ancient Greek theoretical geometry. In the 1930s, Otto Neugebauer added that this geometric...

  12. "Playing Attention": Contemporary Aesthetics and Performing Arts Audience Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prendergast, Monica

    2004-01-01

    This essay draws on the contemporary aesthetic theories of four writers -Hans-Georg Gadamer, Paul Ricoeur, Paul Thom, and James O. Young-who represent both the continental and analytic contemporary philosophical schools of thought. Each writer offers valuable perspectives on issues in aesthetic education pertaining to a key question in my…

  13. The Question of Authority in the Composition Classroom: A Gadamerian Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotiriou, Peter

    1993-01-01

    Describes how one English teacher, through the study of philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer, created a classroom in which teacher authority was earned through expert knowledge. Argues that reading should be presented as a kind of conversation. Discusses class activities concerning Toni Morrison's novel, "Sula." (HB)

  14. GADAMER''S HERMENEUTICAT METHOD IN THE CONTEXT OF A STUDY OF AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL PROSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FILL V.A.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article considers some aspects of the complex hermeneutical method of Hans-Georg Gadamer as the basis of studying the autobiographical prose. They are concepts of education and experience, which are recognized as essential elements of any understanding of every literary text.

  15. El tercer peso: el método hermenéutico de los pasajes paralelos en la teoría de la traducción

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fernández-Jáuregui Rojas, C.; Gómez Ramos, M.A.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper a reflection on the work of translation is proposed in relation to the hermeneutic procedure known as parallel passages. Through the development of this issue, and in relation to the work of St. Augustine, Wilhelm Dilthey, Peter Szondi and Hans-Georg Gadamer and the difficulties that t

  16. Embodied Hermeneutics: Gadamer Meets Woolf in "A Room of One's Own"

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neill, Linda

    2007-01-01

    Hans-Georg Gadamer has been criticized by a wide range of feminist scholars who argue that his work neglects feminine aspects of understanding, many of which are essential to sound theorizing about educational contexts. In this essay, Linda O'Neill employs Virginia Woolf's classic gender analysis both as a foil for Gadamer's philosophical…

  17. "Playing Attention": Contemporary Aesthetics and Performing Arts Audience Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prendergast, Monica

    2004-01-01

    This essay draws on the contemporary aesthetic theories of four writers -Hans-Georg Gadamer, Paul Ricoeur, Paul Thom, and James O. Young-who represent both the continental and analytic contemporary philosophical schools of thought. Each writer offers valuable perspectives on issues in aesthetic education pertaining to a key question in my…

  18. The Logical Priority of the Question: R. G. Collingwood, Philosophical Hermeneutics and Enquiry-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldridge, David

    2013-01-01

    The thesis that all learning has the character of enquiry is advanced and its implications are explored. R. G. Collingwood's account of "the logical priority of the question" is explained and Hans-Georg Gadamer's hermeneutical justification and development, particularly the rejection of the re-enactment thesis, is discussed. Educators…

  19. An Equitable Organization: Imagining What Is "Not Yet."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Janice

    2002-01-01

    Uses conceptual framework based on Hans-Georg Gadamer's three philosophical modes for understanding social phenomena to explore gender-based perspectives of employment-equity policy in Ontario, Canada, educational organizations during a period of political restructuring. (Contains 55 references.) (PKP)

  20. Educating the Citizen of Academia Online?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solberg, Mariann

    2011-01-01

    The Arctic is a vast, sparsely populated area. The demographic situation points to online distance education as a solution to support lifelong learning and to build competence in the region. An overall aim of all university education is what Hans Georg Gadamer calls "Bildung", what we in Norwegian call "dannelse" and what…

  1. På sporet af pædagogisk faglighed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rothuizen, Jan Jaap

    rekonstruktion af pædagogik som en disciplin, der er sammensat af initiering af barnet i den eksisterende verden, civilisationskritik og opfordringen til selvstændighed. Her undersøges også hvordan der i Jürgen Habermas´, Hans-Georg Gadamers og Michel Foucaults værk kan hentes inspiration til begrebsliggørelser...

  2. The Hermeneutics of Educational Questioning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bingham, Charles

    2005-01-01

    This article looks at the practice of educational questioning using the philosophical hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer. It first looks at questions and statements from a hermeneutic perspective, demonstrating some of the differences and similarities between the two. It then details Gadamer's notion of the "true question", asking whether it is…

  3. Homoousia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pallesen, Carsten

    2016-01-01

    narrative. The article explores the hermeneutical dimension of body-metaphors and language in the Trinitarian faith in a trajectory of reception from Luther to Post-Hegelian theories from Hans-Georg Gadamer to Niklas Luhman, Jean-Luc Nancy and Giorgio Agamben and in contemporary theological interpretations...

  4. Applying Gadamer's Concept of Disposition to Science and Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borda, Emily J.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, I recall previous arguments for a hermeneutic approach to science and claim that such an approach necessitates attention to the development of dispositions. I undertake an analysis of Hans-Georg Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics to identify and describe dispositions relevant to a hermeneutic approach to science. I then apply…

  5. Editionsfilologi og fortolkning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kondrup, Johnny Johansen

    2007-01-01

    En diskussion af forholdet mellem editionsfilologiske afgørelser -- konkret i form af tekstrettelser og kommentering -- og hermeneutisk horisont. Med eksempler fra Søren Kierkegaards journaler og papirer drøftes især, hvorvidt editionsfilologens arbejde kan forstås i lyset af Hans-Georg Gadamers...

  6. GADAMER''S HERMENEUTICAT METHOD IN THE CONTEXT OF A STUDY OF AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL PROSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fill V.A.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article considers some aspects of the complex hermeneutical method of Hans-Georg Gadamer as the basis of studying the autobiographical prose. They are concepts of education and experience, which are recognized as essential elements of any understanding of every literary text.

  7. Power, Language, and Professional Choices: A Hermeneutic Approach To Teaching Technical Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tillery, Denise

    2001-01-01

    Argues that the philosophical hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer provides a useful theoretical framework from which to discuss ethical issues in the technical communication classroom. Analyzes a previously published case study to demonstrate how hermeneutics can shed light on the ways that writers can be unconscious of ethical problems in their…

  8. Authenticity and Self-Cultivation as Learning to Be: The Hermeneutics of Lifelong Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Adrienne

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, Adrienne Johnson looks to connect the philosophies of Charles Taylor and Hans-Georg Gadamer toward lifelong education, specifically as they relate to UNESCO's second and third educational principles of democracy, broadly conceived as the realization of one's own potential and human development, understood as the complete…

  9. Gadamer: a hermenêutica filosófica a serviço da educação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto S. Kahlmeyer-Mertens

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Resenha informativa da edição do livro Gadamer & a educação, de autoria do Prof. Hans-Georg Flickinger. Visa a ressaltar a oportunidade desse título do filosofia para tornar pensável a contribuição da hermenêutica gadameriana em terreno pedagógico.

  10. Practical Beauty and the Legacy of Pragmatism: Generating Theory for Community-Engaged Scholarship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandy, Marie

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I consider how Hans-Georg Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics can complement the pragmatic theory that has informed the field of service-learning, and with its emphasis on community and respect for others, can offer an orientation to further the work of service-learning and community engagement in a mutually satisfying way for…

  11. Finitude, Fallibilism and Education towards Non-Dogmatism: Gadamer's Hermeneutics in Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiviska, Anniina

    2013-01-01

    The philosophy of science has witnessed continuous controversy since the mid-twentieth century regarding the justification of science's privileged position, and which has also reverberated in the philosophy of science education. This contribution brings to the discussion the viewpoint of Hans-Georg Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics. I…

  12. The Logical Priority of the Question: R. G. Collingwood, Philosophical Hermeneutics and Enquiry-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldridge, David

    2013-01-01

    The thesis that all learning has the character of enquiry is advanced and its implications are explored. R. G. Collingwood's account of "the logical priority of the question" is explained and Hans-Georg Gadamer's hermeneutical justification and development, particularly the rejection of the re-enactment thesis, is discussed. Educators…

  13. Gadamer em 10 lições

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudinei Aparecido de Freitas da Silva

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Resenho, aqui, 10 Lições sobre Gadamer, importante trabalho introdutório sobre a gênese e o desenvolvimento do programa hermenêutico de Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002, notável pensador, cuja obra impacta, decisivamente, o panorama intelectual do século passado.

  14. Reality in Virtual Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindberg, Frank; Pettersson, Michael

    /1996; "Being and Time"), and the successors Hans-Georg Gadamer and Paul Ricoeur. The work is also inspired of the father of culturalism - Jerome Bruner (1996) and Wenger's (1998) community of practice. Thompson (1997) is an inspiration through his initiator of hermeneutical endeavor within consumer research...

  15. Homoousia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pallesen, Carsten

    2016-01-01

    narrative. The article explores the hermeneutical dimension of body-metaphors and language in the Trinitarian faith in a trajectory of reception from Luther to Post-Hegelian theories from Hans-Georg Gadamer to Niklas Luhman, Jean-Luc Nancy and Giorgio Agamben and in contemporary theological interpretations...

  16. Experience of Events of Truth in Hermeneutic Conversation With Text: Ethics and Ontology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foss, Berit; Nåden, Dagfinn; Eriksson, Katie

    2016-10-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore what the experience of events of truth can entail in hermeneutic dialogue with text as well as the significance this can have for hermeneutic methodology in caring science. Experience of events of truth is discussed based on Hans-Georg Gadamer's ontological perspective and on Emmanuel Levinas's ethical perspective. A veritable experience of an event of truth is a testimony to the responsibility we take for the Other and to our humanity. Experience of events of truth requires that there is a connection of esteem between ethics and ontology in the reader's understanding of what Hans-Georg Gadamer calls the subject matter (Sache). The experience of events of truth has methodological significance for caring science in that it can contribute to the disclosure of ontological evidence and inform caregiving and caring science. © The Author(s) 2016.

  17. Eestlane ja sakslane Kunstihoones

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Siim-Tanel Annuse ja Abraham David Christiani ühisnäitus 18. dets.-st Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kuraator Dorothee Bauerle-Willert. A. D. Christianilt on näitusel skulptuurid, Mississippi joonistuste seeria, S.-T. Annuselt maalid. Näituse avamisele järgnenud Krista Kodrese juhendatud diskussioonil "Siin ئ piirideta, läbisegi ja piirideta või hoopis maailmakunst provintsist" osalejad

  18. Identifying Arabic-Language Materials for Children That Promote Tolerance and Critical Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    extent to which individuals support inclusive public policies, regimes that vilify outsiders, political leaders who espouse violence and separatism...Development of critical thinking among students in kindergarten through Grade 4. Perceptual and Motor Skills 73(2), October, 476–478. Spencer, M. B...Willert, R. 2000. An ignored antidote to school violence : Classrooms that reinforce positive social habits, American Secondary Education 29(1), Fall, 27–33

  19. Eestlane ja sakslane Kunstihoones

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Siim-Tanel Annuse ja Abraham David Christiani ühisnäitus 18. dets.-st Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kuraator Dorothee Bauerle-Willert. A. D. Christianilt on näitusel skulptuurid, Mississippi joonistuste seeria, S.-T. Annuselt maalid. Näituse avamisele järgnenud Krista Kodrese juhendatud diskussioonil "Siin ئ piirideta, läbisegi ja piirideta või hoopis maailmakunst provintsist" osalejad

  20. The Dialectic Method: A Critical and Postmodern Alternative to the Scientific Method

    OpenAIRE

    Phillip Dybicz; Loretta Pyles

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces Hans-Georg Gadamer's dialectic method and elaborates upon its application to social work inquiry. Its strengths lie in its ability to uncover social constructed truths, to explain human behavior in a non-deterministic manner that emphasizes personal agency and empowerment, and to foster a consciousness-raising process that leads to praxis. This makes it ideally suited for knowledge gathering by practitioners in the field who seek to apply postmodern practice approaches...

  1. Towards an Embodied Hermeneutics: Gadamer, Merleau-Ponty, and Nondirective Meditation

    OpenAIRE

    Solli, Mattias

    2017-01-01

    Summary of the thesis What does it imply to know oneself? The project discusses this classical philosophical question in light of philosophical hermeneutics ((Hans-Georg Gadamer), phenomenology (Maurice Merleau-Ponty), and a concrete practice for stress reduction and self-understanding, namely nondirective meditation. The latter is a sound based meditation technique, traditionally known from Hinduism as mantra meditation, today prominently reinterpreted in western, fully secularized varia...

  2. Dichtung und Wahrheit : Rolf Schneiders Feuilletons über "Liebesaffären deutscher Literaten"

    OpenAIRE

    Soldat, Hans-Georg

    2010-01-01

    Hans-Georg Soldat rezensiert für NDR 3 / Radio 3 die im Jahr 2001 im Aufbau Taschenbuchverlag Berlin erschiene Aufsatzsammlung feuilletonistischer Arbeit "Ich bin ein Narr und weiß es" von Rolf Schneider. "Liebesaffären deutscher Literaten" ist der Untertitel des schmalen Bandes, hervorgegangen aus einer Serie für eine Berliner Tageszeitung - wobei der Begriff "Literaten" sehr weit gefasst wird. Zwanzig Geschichten um Liebe, erotische Verirrung, Abhängigkeit und oft schmerzhafte Trennung, ein...

  3. Diana und das 24. DDR-Grenzregiment : Freya Kliers "Geschichten zur Einheit"

    OpenAIRE

    Soldat, Hans-Georg

    2010-01-01

    Hans-Georg Soldat rezensiert die 2000 im Ullstein Verlag erschienene Erzählsammlung "Wir Brüder und Schwestern. Geschichten zur Einheit" von Freya Klier. Tatsächlich ist es vor allem die Vielgestaltigkeit, die an diesen Erzählungen Freya Kliers besticht, die Bandbreite ihrer Impressionen, die ihr neues Buch "Wir Brüder und Schwestern" zu einem Unikat in der deutschen literarischen Landschaft macht.

  4. Juego, símbolo y fiesta en Concierto barroco de Alejo Carpentier, una mirada desde la música

    OpenAIRE

    Paz Barahona, Carlos

    2005-01-01

    El presente artículo propone una interpretación de la novela Concierto barroco del escritor Alejo Carpentier, utilizando para ello las herramientas de la hermenéutica de Hans Georg Gadamer: el juego, el símbolo y la fiesta, partiendo, a su vez, de un universo musical presente en la obra que es también preocupación constante en la vida del autor: la música latinoamericana.

  5. How Standards will Degrade the Art of Medicine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Botin, Lars

    2013-01-01

    The paper is dealing with the problematic positioning of the whole health care system towards the concept of standard. There is a constant quest for standards, and a prediction of how everyday language gradually will disappear. It is the assumption and conjecture of this paper that as we outdo ev...... and bodies as carrier of health. Hans Georg Gadamer has led me on the way through inspiring essays on the Enigma of Health....

  6. 连岳之第八大洲 摄魂之相

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>哲学家高达美(Hans-Georg Gadamer)在他的《真理与方法》里说过一句话:如果一个人的存在需要不断地展示自己,那他就不属于他自己了。这准确地预示了传媒时代的

  7. Teori-praksis-distinktionen og pædagogisk filosofi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frølund, Sune

    2013-01-01

    Educational philosopher Wilfred Carr claims that the formation of philosophy of education in accordance with the theory-centered paradigm of modernist philosophy is responsible for the miserable fact that educational practitioners take no interest in philosophy of education. A real contemporary p...... of Aristotle’s practical philosophy by Hans-Georg Gadamer, whom Carr refers to. Finally, the paper outlines some merits of Gadamer’s hermeneutics that philosophy of education should adapt....

  8. Musikterapiuddannelsen 25 år - Festskrift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tony Wigram: "An Englishman in Denmark" - What have I learned from Dansk Musikterapi Søren Willert: "Verdens bedste universitetsstudium..." - musikterapistudiet som universitets-pædagogisk lærestykke Lars Ole Bonde: Musikterapiuddannelsens opbygning 1981-2007         Ulla Holck: Tuba som...... Wigram: Doctoral Research School in Music Therapy, Aalborg University Lars Ole Bonde: Forskerskolen i musikterapi - en international succes Peder Kaj Pedersen: Musikterapeutiske forskningsstrategier. Profane replikker fra sidelinien Anne Steen Møller: "Musikterapeut? Hvor spændende! Hvad laver sådan én...

  9. The impact of society on Management Control Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Jan; Ax, Christian; Dergård, Johan

    2014-01-01

    and use of MCS vary between societies. This idea opposes with the structural contingency theory where universally valid contingency factors are postured. Two null hypotheses are formulated and tested; 1) The levels of contingencies do not differ between societies and 2) The effects of contingencies on MCS......‐Saxon economies and findings may be bounded to these societies. Authors: Jan Greve; Co-authors: Christian Ax; Johan Dergård; Tobias Johansson; Carsten Rohde; Torkel Strömsten; Jeanette Willert; Rolf Brühl; David Bedford; Angelo Ditillo; Andrea Dossi; Maurice Gosselin; Michael Hanzlick; Sophie Hoozee; Poul...

  10. Euroopa kultuuriruumis matkates / Peeter Järvelaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järvelaid, Peeter, 1957-

    2002-01-01

    Rektor Gustav Ewers 19. sajandi alguse Tartu kultuuriruumis, lk. 140-155 ; Mozartist ja akadeemilise biograafia kirjutamise metoodikast, lk. 155-157 ; Tegudemees Carl Gustav Jochmann (1789-1830), lk. 158-159 ; Professor Martensi tagasitulek, lk. 160-163 ; Hans-Georg Gadameri jõudmine eesti keelde, lk. 163-165 ; Unustatud geeniuse tagasitulek, lk. 166-168 ; Kannab Eestit südames: Boris Meissner 85, lk. 168-170 ; Professor Heikki Ylikangas, üks tõeline soomlane - 65, lk. 170-172 ; Ungari 1956 ühe hõimukaaslase saatuse kaudu, lk. 173-179

  11. Diversity as a change: Gadamer and Brexit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela SOREA

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Hans-Georg Gadamer believed that the use of a unique language to disseminate knowledge related to human sciences would be inadequate and impact research on at least four levels as follows: the formulation of knowledge related judgments, the choice of the object of knowledge and of the latter’s eligible target audience. Brexit could be the chance of increasing the likelihood for enhancing the prestige of all European languages as instruments serving knowledge, as well as for using diversity as a value adding tool that underlies the unity of Europe.

  12. Ein eingebildetes Leben : Hermann Kants neues Buch "Okarina"

    OpenAIRE

    Soldat, Hans-Georg

    2010-01-01

    Hans-Georg Soldat rezensiert für den Hörfunksender NDR 3/Radio 3 Hermann Kants 2002 neu erschienen Roman "Okarina". Seine Kritik am Roman richtet sich vor allem gegen Hermann Kants autobiographisches Motiv im Roman, nämlich "die Lust, erneut sein Leben darzustellen: diesmal nicht so, wie er es hätte führen sollen, müssen oder vorgeblich geführt hatte, sondern wie er es hätte führen wollen."

  13. Postphenomenological Play

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammar, Emil

    This paper aims to identify an understanding of digital games in virtual environments by using Don Ihde’s (1990) postphenomenological approach to how technology mediates the world to human beings in conjunction with Hans-Georg Gadamer’s (1993) notion of play . Through this tentatively proposed...... amalgamation of theories I point towards an alternative understanding of the relationship between play and game as not only dialectic, but also as socially and ethically relevant qua the design and implementation of the game as technology....

  14. Teología e Interculturalidad

    OpenAIRE

    Carrasquilla Ospina, Jesús

    2011-01-01

    Creemos que uno de los problemas que está a la base de todo esta situación tiene que ver con la perspectiva hermenéutica: por un lado con los planteamientos hechos por Hans - Georg Gadamer a partir de la fusión de horizontes y de lo intercultural y por otro, con que la teología y la religión tienen su propia racionalidad, su propia manera de pensar los problemas, su propia hermenéutica; hermenéutica que en un primer momento estaría unida a los textos normativos de la Sagrada Escritura y luego...

  15. Re-reading early modern prayer as social act

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sterrett, Joseph William

    2013-01-01

    Literary criticism is increasingly interested in prayer as a cultural and literary mode. This article proposes a theoretical framework for reading prayer as a performance, as an act governed by community conventions with effects in the social world. Drawing upon groundbreaking work by Marcel Maus...... and Hans Georg Gadamer, and citing critical reading of Shakespeare’s King Lear, The Tempest, and Hamlet, I show how prayer can be read as an act defined by real and imagined audiences while retaining individual self expression....

  16. Juego entre arte y teatro. Trasvases entre las técnicas teatrales y artísticas. Los casos de Robert Wilson, Tadeusz Kantor y Dominique Gonzalez-Foerster

    OpenAIRE

    Machuca Casares, Blanca

    2014-01-01

    Esta tesis trata las herramientas de distintos procesos de creación y conceptos del teatro y el arte que son similares. Para hacer este trasvase entre teatro y arte nos hemos valido del concepto de juego que utiliza Hans-Georg Gadamer, como vaivén. Un juego pendular que nos permite en cada apartado ir y venir del arte al teatro. Hemos analizado y comparado el concepto y todos los componentes del juego: la celebración del juego, espacio y tiempo del juego, las reglas del juego, el juguete y lo...

  17. Re-reading early modern prayer as social act

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sterrett, Joseph William

    2013-01-01

    Literary criticism is increasingly interested in prayer as a cultural and literary mode. This article proposes a theoretical framework for reading prayer as a performance, as an act governed by community conventions with effects in the social world. Drawing upon groundbreaking work by Marcel Maus...... and Hans Georg Gadamer, and citing critical reading of Shakespeare’s King Lear, The Tempest, and Hamlet, I show how prayer can be read as an act defined by real and imagined audiences while retaining individual self expression....

  18. The Meaning of Good Will to Understand in H. G. Gadamer‘S Philosophical Hermeneutics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arūnas Mickevičius

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The article gives an account of the encounter between Jacques Derrida and Hans-Georg Gadamer at the Goethe Institute in Paris in April 1981. The article discusses disagreement between Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics and Derrida’s deconstruction. The main aim is to show why hermeneutical “good will to understand” cannot be reduced to “metaphysics of presence”. Another aim is to explicate possible interconnections between hermeneutics and deconstruction strategies.Keywords: hermeneutics; dialectics of question and answer; deconstruction; good will to understand; meaning; metaphysics of presence.DOI: 10.3846/coactivity.2010.04 

  19. Euroopa kultuuriruumis matkates / Peeter Järvelaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järvelaid, Peeter, 1957-

    2002-01-01

    Rektor Gustav Ewers 19. sajandi alguse Tartu kultuuriruumis, lk. 140-155 ; Mozartist ja akadeemilise biograafia kirjutamise metoodikast, lk. 155-157 ; Tegudemees Carl Gustav Jochmann (1789-1830), lk. 158-159 ; Professor Martensi tagasitulek, lk. 160-163 ; Hans-Georg Gadameri jõudmine eesti keelde, lk. 163-165 ; Unustatud geeniuse tagasitulek, lk. 166-168 ; Kannab Eestit südames: Boris Meissner 85, lk. 168-170 ; Professor Heikki Ylikangas, üks tõeline soomlane - 65, lk. 170-172 ; Ungari 1956 ühe hõimukaaslase saatuse kaudu, lk. 173-179

  20. The essence of psychiatric nursing: redefining nurses' identity through moral dialogue about reducing the use of coercion and restraint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landeweer, Elleke G M; Abma, Tineke A; Widdershoven, Guy A M

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we focus on core values of psychiatric nurses in relation to coercion and constraint. We analyze changes that took place in a project aiming at reducing coercion at a closed inpatient ward of a psychiatric hospital. Using the philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer and Margaret Urban Walker, we analyze both the process of moral changes through dialogue and the outcome in terms of new identities and moral responsibilities. We conclude that the project stimulated nurses to redefine their roles and develop a deeper intersubjective understanding of core values of their profession.

  1. "体验"在文学活动中的主导性功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱正腾

    2010-01-01

    "体验"是哲学诠释学中一个重要的概念,当代诠释学大师伽迭默尔(Hans-Georg Gadamer)把"体验"纳入了诠释学的方法论,使之具有更广延的应用维度,成为一种"此在"的存在形式.本文将在理清"体验"这一概念哲学内涵的基础上,着重探讨"体验"在文学活动中的主导性功能.

  2. La mímesis artística como acontecimiento ontológico en la hermenéutica de Gadamer

    OpenAIRE

    Belén, Paola

    2012-01-01

    Sobre los cimientos de la hermenéutica ontológica Hans-Georg Gadamer realiza, en su obra Verdad y método (1960), una fundamentación filosófica de la experiencia hermenéutica. Su “Elucidación de la cuestión de la verdad desde la experiencia del arte” en el comienzo del libro no es casual ni arbitrario, puesto que su posibilidad es fundamental para explicitar la naturaleza del fenómeno hermenéutico, propósito general de la obra. Desde la mirada gadameriana la verdad del arte es una experi...

  3. Fundamentos de la filosofía hermenéutica: Heidegger y Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Mariano de la Maza

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En primer lugar se expone sucintamente cómo Martin Heidegger, desde los inicios de su enseñanza universitaria, transforma la fenomenología en una filosofía hermenéutica, haciendo hincapié en los conceptos de comprensión e interpretación que ofrece su obra Ser y Tiempo. En segundo lugar se examinan algunos rasgos fundamentales de la filosofía hermenéutica, con especial referencia al arte, la historia y el lenguaje, tal como se presentan en la obra que consolida y consagra esta vertiente de la filosofía contemporánea: Verdad y Método de Hans-Georg GadamerIn this article the author first discusses the way in which Martin Hiedegger, form his early days of university teaching, turned the phenomenology into a hermeneutic philosophy placing special emphasis on the concepts of comprehension and interpretation of his work Being and Time. Then, the article goes on to examine some of the most fundamental aspects of the hermeneutic philosophy, paying especial attention to the arts, history and language, as presented in his work, which comes to consolidate this contemporary philosophical current: Truth and Method by Hans-Georg Gadamer

  4. A MODEL BASED ALGORITHM FOR FAST DPIV COMPUTING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Traditional DPIV (Digital Particle Image Velocimetry) methods aremostly based on area-correlation (Willert,C.E.,1991).Though proven to be very time-consuming and very much error prone,they are widely adopted because of they are conceptually simple and easily implemented,and also because there are few alternatives.This paper proposes a non-correlation,conceptually new,fast and efficient approach for DPIV,which takes the nature of flow into consideration.An Incompressible Affined Flow Model (IAFM) is introduced to describe a flow that incorporates rational restraints into the computation.This IAFM,combined with a modified optical flow method-named Total Optical Flow Computation (TOFC),provides a linear system solution to DPIV.Experimental results on real images showed our method to be a very promising approach for DPIV.

  5. Jogo e educação infantil: contribuições da hermenêutica filosófica de Gadamer

    OpenAIRE

    RIEGEL, Carmen de Barros

    2008-01-01

    Esta pesquisa tem por objetivo investigar como o jogo, entendido a partir da Hermenêutica Filosófica de Hans-Georg Gadamer, pode contribuir no processo de formação da criança na Educação Infantil. Para isso foi necessário problematizar a prática pedagógica das professoras da Creche Mimosa, inserindo-me num processo dialógico de reflexão e ação que resultasse na construção coletiva de uma concepção de jogo capaz de contribuir para qualificar o processo educacional por elas desenvolvido. A meto...

  6. Reality in Virtual Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindberg, Frank; Pettersson, Michael

    /1996; "Being and Time"), and the successors Hans-Georg Gadamer and Paul Ricoeur. The work is also inspired of the father of culturalism - Jerome Bruner (1996) and Wenger's (1998) community of practice. Thompson (1997) is an inspiration through his initiator of hermeneutical endeavor within consumer research...... challenges our pedagogical reasoning in many ways. However, old pedagogical models often prevail. We see practices where lectures, notes and course information are published on the Internet, where ICT helps professor-student communication, and online based student tests. These attempts are based on old...... and develop understandings of what it might mean to be a student when learning occurs within a virtual problem based learning landscape. When students are used to the traditional classroom, challenges appear in the twilight zone between two pedagogical practices. How do the students cope with challenges...

  7. The role of Philosophical Hermeneutics in contributing to an understanding of physiotherapy practice: a reflexive illustration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenner, Rob; Mitchell, Theresa; Palmer, Shea

    2017-09-01

    This paper provides an overview of Philosophical Hermeneutics based on the work of German philosopher Hans Georg Gadamer. The concepts of the 'hermeneutic circle' as a vehicle for interpretation, management of the researcher's pre-understandings (prejudices), and the 'fusion of horizons' are introduced and illustrated by examples from the first author's research, before considering how rigour can be achieved in this type of research. The actual research study which aimed to explore how shared decision making and patient partnership are addressed by physiotherapists in the process of exercise prescription for patients with low back pain (LBP) is not the focus of this paper. However short descriptions of the study are used to explore issues surrounding a hermeneutic inquiry. For physiotherapists interested in research or considering undertaking an interpretive phenomenological inquiry, this theoretical discussion paper explores how Gadamer's philosophy offers a credible framework for undertaking such research. Copyright © 2016 Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Teori-praksis-distinktionen og pædagogisk filosofi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frølund, Sune

    2013-01-01

    Educational philosopher Wilfred Carr claims that the formation of philosophy of education in accordance with the theory-centered paradigm of modernist philosophy is responsible for the miserable fact that educational practitioners take no interest in philosophy of education. A real contemporary p...... of Aristotle’s practical philosophy by Hans-Georg Gadamer, whom Carr refers to. Finally, the paper outlines some merits of Gadamer’s hermeneutics that philosophy of education should adapt....... philosophy of education, Carr suggests, would give up theory and the “foundationalist” idea of seeking a fi rm ground for practice outside of practice. The paper, firstly, takes up Carr’s debate with Paul Hirst on Carr’s notion of philosophy of education, and, secondly, moves on to inquire the interpretation...

  9. Gadamerian dialogue in the patient-professional interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnason, V

    2000-01-01

    In his seminal work, Truth and Method, the German philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer distinguishes between three types of what he calls the experience of the 'Thou'. In this paper, Gadamer's analysis of this experience is explained in terms of his philosophical hermeneutics and brought to bear upon the patient-professional relationship. It is argued that while Gadamer's analysis implies fruitful insights for a dialogical account of the patient-professional interaction, it harbours elements which are conducive to paternalistic practice of medicine. The strong attribution of value to tradition and the respect for authority emphasized in his theory result in a lack of sensitivity for individual self-determination which is needed for a successful account of the patient-professional relationship.

  10. Teori-praksis-distinktionen og pædagogisk filosofi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sune Frølund

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Educational philosopher Wilfred Carr claims that the formation of philosophy of education in accordance with the theory-centered paradigm of modernist philosophy is responsible for the miserable fact that educational practitioners take no interest in philosophy of education. A real contemporary philosophy of education, Carr suggests, would give up theory and the “foundationalist” idea of seeking a firm ground for practice outside of practice.   The paper, firstly, takes up Carr’s debate with Paul Hirst on Carr’s notion of philosophy of education, and, secondly, moves on to inquire the interpretation of Aristotle’s practical philosophy by Hans-Georg Gadamer, whom Carr refers to. Finally, the paper outlines some merits of Gadamer’s hermeneutics that philosophy of education should adapt

  11. Teori-praksis-distinktionen og pædagogisk filosofi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sune Frølund

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Educational philosopher Wilfred Carr claims that the formation of philosophy of education in accordance with the theory-centered paradigm of modernist philosophy is responsible for the miserable fact that educational practitioners take no interest in philosophy of education. A real contemporary philosophy of education, Carr suggests, would give up theory and the “foundationalist” idea of seeking a firm ground for practice outside of practice.   The paper, firstly, takes up Carr’s debate with Paul Hirst on Carr’s notion of philosophy of education, and, secondly, moves on to inquire the interpretation of Aristotle’s practical philosophy by Hans-Georg Gadamer, whom Carr refers to. Finally, the paper outlines some merits of Gadamer’s hermeneutics that philosophy of education should adapt

  12. Qualitative inquiry and the debate between hermeneutics and critical theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, James A; DeForge, Ryan T

    2014-11-01

    Two issues have been central to ongoing disputes about judgments of quality in qualitative inquiry: (a) the ways in which paradigmatic orientations are understood to guide procedural decisions and (b) the meaning and intelligibility of paradigmatic incommensurability. In this article, we address these two key issues through an exploration of the debates between hermeneutics and critical social theory, including the exchanges between Hans-Georg Gadamer and Jurgen Habermas, and between Richard Rorty and Thomas McCarthy. We suggest that the key epistemological issue addressed in these debates is the nature of interpretation, separating the two philosophical camps based on beliefs about whether foundational knowledge is possible to achieve. We conclude the article by discussing the implications of these different positions for beliefs about quality in qualitative inquiry, and comment on the role of judgment in assessments of the value and quality of different approaches to qualitative research.

  13. O terapeuta afetado: hermenêutica como posição clínica

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    Ricardo da Silva Lucante Bulcão

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho relata uma experiência clínica em um Hospital de Custódia e Tratamento Psiquiátrico. Após o suicídio de um de seus pacientes, o autor se depara com a questão da suposta neutralidade do analista para compreender que está passando por um processo de luto. A questão clínica a ser levantada será referente à postura do terapeuta como ser "afetável" - em oposição ao cientista neutro que não se pode deixar tocar. Tal aspecto será analisado a partir da posição hermenêutica de Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002.

  14. A nova hermenêutica e teoria da recepção em Jauss e Ricoeur

    OpenAIRE

    Cleiton de Souza, Jefferson

    2011-01-01

    Esta dissertação tem por objetivo investigar como a Nova Hermenêutica de orientação fenomenológica e ontológica, proposta por Martin Heidegger e sistematizada por Hans-Georg Gadamer, dialogou com as teorias da recepção de Hans Robert Jauss e Paul Ricouer. Para tanto, buscou-se averiguar como as conquistas da Nova Hermenêutica foram assimiladas pelas teorias da recepção desenvolvidas por Hans Robert Jauss, através da Estética da Recepção, na Alemanha, assim como pelo filósofo francês Paul Rico...

  15. Para una conciencia hermenéutica de la historicidad del sentido de "Cien años de soledad"

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    Juan Moreno Blanco

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta en este trabajo la encrucijada actual de la interpretación de la novela más célebre de Gabriel García Márquez dando cuenta, por un lado, de una tradición interpretativa que desde una cierta idea de "lo nacional" relaciona el sentido de la obra con un agotamiento de la historia y, por otro lado, postulando las condiciones de posibilidad de otra interpretación, vale decir, otra tradición interpretativa desde donde leer la novela para hallar en ella otro sentido con relación a la historia. La argumentación se apoya en postulados de la hermenéutica de HansGeorg Gadamer y de Paul Ricoeur.

  16. Ex silentio. O wierszu „Todtnauberg” Paula Celana

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    Joanna Tokarska-Bakir

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ex silentio. On Paul Celan’s Poem “Todtnauberg” This paper contests the interpretative framework proposed by Hans Georg Gadamer and Cezary Wodziński in their interpretations of certain poems by Paul Celan. The point of contention lies in the understanding of the relationship between biography and poem. The author analyses the “concept of discretion,” which excludes Celan’s Jewish identity from the analysis of his poetry, and proposes her own reading of both his poem Todtnauberg and anti-volkist interpretation Hüttenfenster. The background consists of the polemic about the famous meeting of Paul Celan and Martin Heidegger in August 1, 1967 in Todtnauberg.

  17. Differences of Phenomenological Reduction and Fusion of Horizons in Analyzing Literary Works-Analysis of Hawthorne’s Young Goodman Brown from the Perspectives of Phenomenological Reduction and Fusion of Horizons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宁

    2014-01-01

    Edmund Husserl’s first important move about phenomenology is the“phenomenological reduction”which means that we should reduce the external world to the contents of our consciousness alone. However, Hans-Georg Gadamer holds the opin-ion that all interpretation of a past work consists in a dialogue between past and present (Eagleton, T. 2009:62). Gadamer’s famous theory is fusion of horizons which means that the event of understanding comes about when our own“horizon”of historical meanings and assumptions“fuses”with the“horizon”within which the work itself is placed. The present thesis takes Haw-thorne’s Young Goodman Brown as an example to illustrate different understandings when readers apply the two different theories.

  18. The aesthetic imaginary as an anthropological locus. Thinking an Anthropology based on Imaginary.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia María Calvo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The process by which man is capable of creating beauty not only gives us a fruitive experience but also knowledge of our human nature. Therefore we intend to understand what epistemological possibilities a work of art opens and, ultimately, what we know of man through it and why. Out of an interdisciplinary and dialogical perspective, projected by authors as Adolphe Gesché and Hans-Georg Gadamer, among others, we propose that the imaginary world opened and established by art becomes a privileged locus for human knowledge. The imagery is the symbolic area built by the artists and the community, which influences and affects every member of it, and where the community builds its identity known.Key Words: Imaginary, aesthetics, poiésis, anthropology.

  19. A Possible Dialogue between Two Traditions. Between "Listening to the Other" and the "Principle of Charity"

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    Cecilia Monteagudo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the framework of the discussions produced after the fiftieth anniversary of Hans-Georg Gadamer’s publication of Truth and Method (1960 this paper intends to address two issues of Gadamer’shermeneutics. The first issue seeks to establish the articulating thread betweenTruth and Method, still attached to the debate with traditional hermeneutics, and some formulations of Gadamer’s later work, where “the soul of hermeneutics” isdisplayed as “art of listening to the other”. The second issue seeks to highlight the rehabilitation that Gadamer makes of the Socratic-Platonic eumeneîs élenchoi, an expression that he translates as the “art of strengthening the discourse of theother”, whose explicitness in his later work has enabled many interpreters of his work to see a possible dialogue between his hermeneutics and some aspects ofthe philosophy of Donald Davidson.

  20. La lectura orientada a la comprensión: didáctica y práctica de la filosofía

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo analiza el problema de la lectura, interpretación y comprensión de textos bajo la perspectiva de una doble vertiente: como un recurso metodológico de la enseñanza de la filosofía y como un criterio hermenéutico del acompañamiento o asesoramiento individual. Desde la consideración de la semiótica de la recepción de Umberto Eco y la hermenéutica filosófica de Hans-Georg Gadamer, propondremos las líneas generales que pudieran comunicar la dimensión didáctica y práctica del fenómeno ...

  1. Tradição histórica e reflexão crítica: notas sobre o debate entre Habermas e Gadamer = Historic tradition and critical reflection: notes on the debate between Habermas and Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aquino, Thiago André M. de

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A intenção deste artigo é reconstruir o debate entre Hans-Georg Gadamer e Jürgen Habermas, transcorrido no fim dos anos 1960, início dos 70. Em função do recorte histórico, não serão levados em consideração os posteriores desenvolvimentos dos pensadores mencionados, mas se pretende examinar a problemática central do debate relativa à difícil relação entre tradição histórica e reflexão crítica. A tensão entre esses dois termos será utilizada como referência para a discussão das relações entre hermenêutica e teoria crítica

  2. Compréhension et histoire chez Dilthey

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    Csaba Olay

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper investigates Dilthey’s hermeneutic conception of understanding with regard to the question of the human sciences (Geisteswissenschaften, and analyses his path-breaking work as the first elaboration of a dualistic account in philosophy of science. Although not having reached a satisfying version of his approach, Dilthey opened with the distinction between natural sciences and human sciences an ongoing discussion on the unity or plurality of what might be called “science”. I follow in the paper how Dilthey developed in his later writings a hermeneutics designed to give epistemological foundations for human sciences. Afterwards, I explore the work of Dilthey by relating it to the philosophical hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer which can be analyzed partly as continuation, partly as critique of Dilthey’s philosophical project. I shall argue for the claim that Gadamer gives a deeper image of human sciences, while renouncing to grasp them in terms of their scientific character..

  3. A prática pedagógica como obra de arte: aproximações à estética do professor-artista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Lorena Gil Eusse

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo A partir de uma análise teórico-conceitual da obra de Hans-Georg Gadamer, este estudo proporciona um diálogo entre a arte, a educação e a educação física. Na procura por abrir um caminho opcional ao dominante, oferecido pela racionalidade técnico-instrumental, discute a ideia do professor-artista. Apresenta as reflexões sobre a obra de arte nos textos do filósofo alemão, situa-as nos três grandes momentos da estrutura de uma prática pedagógica: planejamento, execução e avaliação. As considerações finais anunciam algumas limitações da proposta apresentada.

  4. This Thinking Lacks a Language: Heidegger and Gadamer’s Question of Being

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    Paul Regan

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Martin Heidegger’s preparation of the question of human existence was the focus of his seminal work Being and Time, first published in 1927. This paper refers to Heidegger’s phenomenological work through Heidegger’s colleague and friend Hans-Georg Gadamer to focus on how Heidegger prepares the question of Being and the problem of language in his later work. In his conversation with the Japanese scholar professor Tezuka, the meaning of language in the west appears to restrict an understanding of Being by conceptualising it ad infinitum. To the Japanese the simple term “what is” appears to be closer to Being because it does not attempt to conceptualise it. Therefore, Heidegger, Gadamer and Tezuka’s discussion about ontology concludes that language does get in the way of understanding Being.

  5. Experiência hermenêutica e formação para o reconhecimento em Gadamer

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    Raimundo Rajobac

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do artigo é refletir sobre os conceitos de formação e reconhecimento no contexto da racionalidade hermenêutica gadameriana e seu ideal de experiência hermenêutica como abertura e reconhecimento do outro. Nas trilhas de Hans-Georg Gadamer nossa atenção recairá sobre a crítica a respeito do conceito de experiência oriundo do modo relacional objetificador das ciências naturais, o qual em última instância passou a determinar o modo relacional entre os seres humanos. Apontaremos, a partir daí, para a pertinência do conceito de experiência hermenêutica para se pensar processos formativos no contexto atual de sociedades plurais e complexas, uma vez que o mesmo só é possível enquanto abertura para a alteridade.

  6. Litterær æstetisk oplevelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balling, Gitte

    undersøgelser fremtræder både fragmentarisk og mangelfuld, og kalder på en grundigere afsøgning af læseoplevelsen som fænomen.     Den teoretiske undersøgelse af læseoplevelsen tager afsæt i filosofisk æstetik og en afsøgning af begrebet æstetisk oplevelse gennem teoretikere som Alexander Baumgarten, Hans-Georg...... Gadamer, John Dewey og Richard Shusterman. Begrebet æstetisk oplevelse udvides til at omfatte litteratur gennem inddragelse af Jan Mukařovskýs begrebsapparat, der kan placeres inden for æstetisk teori og receptionsteori, og defineres som en litterær æstetisk oplevelse. Den litterære æstetiske oplevelse er...

  7. Comparative Theology and Hermeneutics: A Gadamerian Approach to Interreligious Interpretation

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    Paul Hedges

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper employs the hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer as a tool to underpin the methodology of Comparative Theology. Acknowledging limitations in Gadamer’s framework, it argues these can either be overcome or bypassed in this context. The paper initially sets out Gadamer’s own understanding of the relationship of his hermeneutics to theology and its reception within theology. It then outlines Francis Clooney’s Comparative Theology using others theologians as needed to supplement this, notably Paul Knitter and Michelle Voss Roberts. The third part shows how Comparative Theology’s methodologically can be grounded in principles coming from Gadamer’s hermeneutics which provide a philosophical rationale for the discipline, making particular use of the concept of translation. It makes reference to Marianne Moyaert’s deployment of Paul Ricoeur’s hermeneutical model for interreligious understanding. Various directions for further research are suggested at the end of the paper.

  8. Philosophical Hermeneutics and the Ethical Function of Architecture

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    Paul Kidder

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Karsten Harries’ book, The Ethical Function of Architecture, raises the question of how architecture can be interpretive of and for our time. Part of Harries’ pursuit of this question is done in dialogue with the philosophy of Martin Heidegger, whose evocatively expressed ontology of building and dwelling recovered, in philosophical and poetic terms, the power of buildings to symbolize and interpret the most fundamental truths of being and human existence. The present essay identifies contributions to this hermeneutic and ontological approach to architecture drawn from the philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer, emphasizing Gadamer’s notions of play (Spiel, symbol, and the relation of the present to the past. While Gadamer expanded upon Heidegger’s hermeneutic, he also diverged from Heidegger in ways that mitigate some of the difficulties that Harries and others have found with Heidegger’s archaism, rural romanticism, and singularity of philosophical focus.

  9. El descentramiento del sujeto en la experiencia interpretativa

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    Cecilia Monteagudo

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In reference to the book ―Truth and Method”. Foundations of philosophical hermeneutics” by Hans-Georg Gadamer, this article presents the proposition of ―playing‖ as a privileged model applied by the author with the purpose of clarifying the issue of interpretation. The work is divided in two parts. The first part presents the general guidelines of the author's ―Aesthetics‖, in which the notion of ―playing” is set and framed, and shows how it aims to suppress subjectivity of the aesthetic conscience. The second part demonstrates how such notion of ―playing‖ can be extrapolated from the general characterization that Gadamer applies to all interpretative experience thus assuming the essential role in both, tradition and language

  10. Phronesis: especificidade da compreensão moral = Phronesis: the moral comprehension specificity

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    Hermann, Nadja

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo retoma o conceito aristotélico da phronesis, conforme propõe Hans-Georg Gadamer, em Verdade e Método (1960, com vistas a enfrentar a oposição entre o caráter universal dos princípios morais abstratos e a particularidade dos contextos históricos e da autocriação prudente, enquanto compreensão prática, que pode auxiliar no enfrentamento da tensão gerada no processo educativo entre a criação do eu singular e a integração na comunidade (ethos comum

  11. Lengua y conocimiento en Juan de Valdés

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Na presente pesquisa, é abordada a concepção de língua e conhecimento presente na atividade do biblicista espanhol Juan de Valdés (Cuenca, ca. 1500- Nápoles, 1541). Com tal fim, são analisados os critérios estilísticos propostos pelo autor no Diálogo de la Lengua, composto em torno de 1535 e dedicado ao uso e aprendizado da língua vernácula. Adotando como fundamentação teórica a hermenêutica do filósofo alemão Hans-George Gadamer e realizando uma revisão dos principais estudos sobre o autor e...

  12. 从阐释学角度分析王维诗作《鹿柴》中“空”字的英译

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慧敏

    2011-01-01

    唐代诗人王雏一生受到佛教禅学的深刻影响,禅文化作为作者的底蕴中的重要组成部分,时时出现在其诗作的字里行间,表现了悠远的意境和独特的审美情趣.不同译者在传递禅文化的过程中,运用自身的先见进行诠释,出现了各具特色的译文.本文将运用伽达默尔(Hans-Georg Gadamer)阐释学理论对王雏诗作《鹿柴》中“空”字的美译进行分析,从而探索译者主体性的对翻译效果的影响.

  13. Grandparents' experiences of childhood cancer, part 2: the need for support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moules, Nancy J; McCaffrey, Graham; Laing, Catherine M; Tapp, Dianne M; Strother, Douglas

    2012-01-01

    In this study, the authors examined the experiences of grandparents who have had, or have, a grandchild with childhood cancer. Sixteen grandparents were interviewed using unstructured interviews, and the data were analyzed according to a hermeneutic-phenomenological tradition, as guided by the philosophical hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer. In Part 1 of this report, interpretive findings around worry, burden, silence, the nature of having one's universe shaken, of having lives put on hold, and a sense of helplessness were addressed. In Part 2, the authors discuss interpretations related to the notions of support, burden, protection, energy, standing by, buffering, financial shouldering, and relationship. The study concludes with implications that the grandparents in the study bring to pediatric nurses in their practices with families in pediatric oncology.

  14. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Jalón

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available ARISTÓTELES, El hombre de genio y la melancolía. Problema XXX-l. Barcelona, Sirmio, 1996. Mauricio Jalón Michael BALINT, Paul H. ORSTEIN, Enid BALINT, Psicoterapia Focal. Terapia breve para psicoanalistas. Modelo desarrollado en la Clínica Tavistock, Barcelona, Gedisa, 1996 (2.a edición en castellano. Ramón Esteaban Arnáiz John HINTON, Experiencias sobre el morir. Barcelona, Seix BarraL 1996. Fernando Santander Francois Russo, Lihres propos sur I'histoire des sciences, París, Blanchard, 1995. Mauricio Jalón Claudia GUILLÉN, El sol de los desterrados: literatura y exilio, Barcelona, Sirmio, 1995. Rosario lbañes Hans-Georg GADAMER, El estado oculto de la salud, Barcelona, Gedisa, 1996. Mauricio Jalón

  15. 阐释学与跨文化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张隆溪

    2012-01-01

    应复旦大学邀请,二○一一年十一月下旬,笔者以"光华杰出人文学者"的身份在复旦作了系列演讲,总题目是《阐释学与跨文化研究》。演讲的内容,有一部分在二○○七年一月于台湾大学人文社会高等研究院所做人文讲座时也曾讲过。《阐释学与跨文化研究》是以德国哲学家伽达默(Hans-Georg Gadamer,1900-2002)的著作为基础,讨论阐释学的基本观念,并着重讨论人文研究在我们这个时代的意义和价

  16. 重温德法之争

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙周兴

    2003-01-01

    1981年4月25日至27日,八十一岁高龄的德国当代哲学家伽达默尔(Hans-Georg Gadamer)来到巴黎歌德学院,出席由索邦大学菲力浦·福格特(Philippe For-get)教授组织的"文本与阐释"的专题座谈会。在这次会上,伽达默尔与风头正健的法国少壮派思想家雅克·德里达(JacquesDerrida)进行了面对面的争论。这是伽达默尔与德里达的首次学术聚会和交锋。两者分别为解释学(hermeneutics)和解构论(de-

  17. How standards will degrade the concepts of the art of medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botin, Lars

    2013-01-01

    The paper is dealing with the problematic positioning of the whole health care system towards the concept of standard. There is a constant quest for standards, and a prediction of how everyday language gradually will disappear. It is the assumption and conjecture of this paper that as we outdo everyday language from our communication in the system we lose major part of meaning-construction concerning health and life of the patient/citizen. It is the normative and ethical aim of the discussion to frame how human factors are terminated as standards and bodies as machines replaces everyday language and bodies as carrier of health. Hans Georg Gadamer has led me on the way through inspiring essays on the Enigma of Health.

  18. Gadamer's 'apologia for the art of healing': an application to gerontological nursing practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Mitzi G

    2007-04-01

    This paper will discuss Hans-George Gadamer's 'The Enigma of Health' Chapter 2, 'Apologia for the Art of Healing's (1965). In this chapter, Gadamer defends the art of healing as essentially an ability to reproduce and re-establish the health of an ill person. He considers modern medicine's progressive reliance on technology as mechanical rather than an art of healing. In support of this concept, I will also refer to Gadamer's Chapter 6, 'Between Nature and Art' and briefly to Beardsworth's 'Practices of Procrastination'. First, I will discuss the above works showing how the authors make their arguments and what conclusions they draw, and then I will relate these arguments and conclusions to nursing, gerontological nursing in particular.

  19. The Person in a State of Sickness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Árnason, Vilhjálmur; Hjörleifsson, Stefán

    2016-04-01

    In this article, we discuss the ideas of Eric J. Cassell about the patient-professional relationship. We argue that his approach combines in an interesting way features from the literature on patient autonomy and paternalistic practices. We suggest that these seemingly paternalistic features of practicing medicine, which are widely either ignored or condemned in bioethical discussion, are of vital significance in medical practice. In the first sections of the article, we describe the main features of Cassell's understanding of the sick person and his version of personalized medicine. We pay particular attention to his notion of information control and compare his ideas about conversation with patients to Hans-Georg Gadamer's analysis of patient-professional dialogue. In the latter part of the article, we explore through a couple of examples the implications these ideas have for medical practice.

  20. Hermenéutica analógica, verdad y método

    OpenAIRE

    GUSTAVO ORTIZ MILLÁN

    2015-01-01

    En esta discusión abordo la hermenéutica analógica de Mauricio Beuchot comparándola con la hermenéutica filosófica de Hans-Georg Gadamer. Argumento que Beuchot vuelve a la idea clásica de la hermenéutica como método de interpretación (centrada en la noción de analogía) y no la juzga, como Gadamer, como una fenomenología de la comprensión. Sin embargo, Beuchot no atiende las razones de Gadamer en contra de concebir la hermenéutica como una metodología. Si se considera como metodología centrada...

  1. The Far Right in Europe: A summary of attempts to define the concept, analyze its identity, and compare the Western European and Central European far right.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lubomír Kopeček

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the far right with emphasis on summing up some of its more widespread definitions, evaluating the reasons for classifying it as a distinctive family of parties, and comparing of the Western European and (post-Communist Central European far right. The text presents the theories of Piero Ignazi, Hans-Georg Betz, Cas Mudde, and other authors. The best working definition of the contemporary far right may be the four-element combination of nationalism, xenophobia, law and order, and welfare chauvinism proposed for the Western European environment by Cas Mudde. This concept allows for a basic ideological classification within a unified party family, despite the heterogeneity of the far right parties. Comparison of Central European far right parties with those of Western Europe shows that these four elements are present in Central Europe as well, though in a somewhat modified form, despite differing political, economic, and social influences.

  2. On the automatic folding of optical rotation curves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roscoe, D. F.

    1999-12-01

    \\cite[Mathewson, Ford and Buchhorn (1992]{mat92}, MFB hereafter) published the unreduced data for the optical rotation curves of 967 southern sky spiral galaxies. Recognizing that accurate dynamical modelling of spiral galaxies required the availability of a large data-base of correspondingly accurately folded rotation curves, \\cite[Persic & Salucci (1995]{per95}, PS hereafter) undertook to fold the MFB sample in an appropriately meticulous way; of the 967 folded rotation curves, 900 were judged by PS to be of moderate to excellent quality, whilst 67 were judged to be of poor quality and of very limited use for dynamical studies. The folding process used by PS was a time-consuming and labour-intensive one in which the quality of each fold was judged ``by eye''. Subsequently, MFB (1996) published the unreduced optical rotation curves for approximately another 1100 southern sky spirals and, undoubtedly, more will follow from various sources. For this reason, and because of the importance of having large numbers of accurately folded rotation curves for dynamical studies, we have developed the automatic folding algorithm described herein. An uncompiled Fortran program (using NAG routines) and data files are available via http://www.shef.ac.uk/ tilde ap1dfr. Download the text file ``ReadMe'' and follow instructions.

  3. Sobre verdad y falsedad en el mito griego: Pistas desde la filosofía para concebir un modo de verdad presente en el mito On truth and falsity in greek myth: Philosophical suggestions to conceive a sort of truth present in myth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Madrid Meneses

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available El discurso filosófico, a lo largo de su historia y específicamente para referirse a sus comienzos, se ha puesto en relación al discurso mítico en términos de ruptura, liberación o superación. Con ello, se han sentado las bases para atribuir el carácter de falsedad de este último. Dicho carácter ha sido mantenido y es utilizado de manera cotidiana en el plano coloquial y académico investigativo. Así, nuestro trabajo, en primer lugar, pondrá de manifiesto esta relación de oposición entre discurso mítico y discurso filosófico. En segundo lugar, se dará a la tarea de exponer de la mano de los planteamientos de Hans-Georg Gadamer, cómo fue que el discurso mítico adquirió el carácter de falsedad a lo largo de la historia, puesto que en los griegos no lo tendría. Y, finalmente, con Nietzsche consideramos que el modo de verdad de la ciencia, por el cual medimos el discurso mítico, está lejos de ser el único y el más asertivo. Con ello, pensamos, se abre la posibilidad de considerar cierto modo de verdad presente en el discurso mítico.The philosophical discourse, throughout its history, and specifically to refer to its beginnings, has become legendary in relation to the discourse in terms of rupture, release or improvement. This has provided the basis for attributing a false nature to the latter. This characteristic has been maintained and is used on a daily basis at the conversational and academic research. Thus, firstly our work will highlight this relationship of opposition between mythic and philosophical discourse. Secondly, it will show, following the approaches of Hans-Georg Gadamer, how mythical discourse acquired this false characteristic throughout history, as the Greeks would not have it. And lastly, with Nietzsche we believe that the true mode of science, by which we measure the mythical discourse, is far from being the only and most assertive one. This, we think, opens the possibility of considering some sort of

  4. My Way to Intercultural Philosophy

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    Heink Kimmerle

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El recorrido de mi pensamiento filosófico me guió, desde la hermenéutica, a través de la dialéctica y las filosofías de la diferencia, hasta la filosofía intercultural con especial atención en la filosofía africana. Estudié hermenéutica con los teólogos Gerhard Ebeling y Erns Fuchs en Tübingen, con Philipp Vielhauer en Bonn y con el filósofo Hans-Georg Gadameren Heidelberg durante los años 50. A través de la lectura de Hegel y Marx llegué a aceptar la posición de la dialéctica materialista. Mi autor preferido era Ernst Bloch, quien combina su dialéctica materialista con una interpretación crítica de la religión, especialmente la judeo-cristiana. La deconstrucción de Jacques Derrida de la dialéctica hegeliana me condujo a las filosofías de la diferencia. El concepto del Otro en estas filosofías me llevó a contribuir en el surgimiento y desarrollo de la filosofía intercultural.My way of philosophical thought led me from hermeneutics, via dialectics and philosophies of difference to intercultural philosophy with special attention for African philosophy. I studied hermeneutics with the theologians Gerhard Ebeling and Ernst Fuchs at Tübingen, Philipp Vielhauer at Bonn and the philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer at Heidelberg in the 1950ies. Reading Hegel and Marx I came to accept the position of materialist dialectics. My favorite author was Ernst Bloch who combines his position of materialist dialectics with a critical interpretation of religion, especially Jewish-Christian religion. Jacques Derrida’s deconstruction of Hegelian dialectics brought me to the philosophies of difference. The concept of the Other in these philosophies formed the entrance to contribute to the foundation and the development of intercultural philosophy.

  5. Narratives of traumatic birth: Quality and changes over time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayers, Susan; Radoš, Sandra Nakić; Balouch, Sara

    2015-05-01

    Childbirth is a highly emotive event that can involve complications. Around 1% of births in the United Kingdom involve life-threatening complications to the mother (Waterstone, Bewley, & Wolfe, 2001) and 0.8% result in stillbirth or perinatal death (Confidential Enquiry into Maternal and Child Health [CEMACH], 2009). A review found that 3.1% of women report posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after birth (Grekin & O'Hara, 2014). The aim of this study was to examine whether narrative characteristics of traumatic birth were specific to women with PTSD or observed in all women who experience a highly emotive and potentially traumatic birth. Parturient women were matched for birth events, but either had severe PTSD symptoms (n = 22) or no, or very low, PTSD symptoms (n = 22). Women were interviewed about the birth 3 and 6 months postpartum, and their birth narratives were examined for content, coherence, and cognitive and perceptual processing. Results showed birth narratives became shorter and more coherent over time. Consistent with PTSD literature, birth memories were more likely to be recalled and involuntarily triggered in women with PTSD symptoms. However, women with PTSD symptoms had more coherent narratives, used more causal and fewer tentative words. These latter findings are inconsistent with research finding that PTSD is associated with fragmented or incoherent memories but are consistent with the view that highly emotive events result in improved memory (e.g., Berntsen, Willert, & Rubin, 2003). Possible reasons for this are discussed.

  6. Caring for prisoners-patients: a quandary for registered nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crampton, Ruth; Turner, de Sales

    2014-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to unveil the complexity of registered nurse (RN) care for prisoner-patients in an acute care perioperative setting. The study design was based on phenomenology and the philosophy of Hans George Gadamer. This study used researcher journaling and two audio-taped in-depth interviews with each of the 12 nurse participants. Five key fused horizons or joint understandings emerged that resonated for all participants. They were the following: • RNs give prisoner-patients perfunctory care; • Prisoner-patient care is reactive; • Caring for prisoner-patients is emotionally draining; • Knowing or imagining a prisoner-patient's crime creates practice dilemmas; and • Expressions of care straddle ideal and real caring perspectives. In the caring literature, caring is altruistically presented as an ideal that (ought to) guide RN interactions with patients. However, the study findings call into question the assumptions that are made about what it means to care and how RNs enact their caring role, particularly in vexatious situations. Crown Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. A Critical Hermeneutic Analysis of Presence in Nursing Practice

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    Alicia L. Bright

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Nursing presence, although it involves action at times, is a humanitarian quality of relating to a patient that is known to have powerful and positive implications for both nurse and patient. However, this phenomenon has not been well understood. Three theories, drawn from the work of Paul Ricoeur and Hans-Georg Gadamer, served as the boundaries for both data collection and analysis. The theories were narrative identity, play and solicitude. This study follows a critical hermeneutic approach to field research and data analysis. Literature regarding nursing presence is reviewed and discussed, and in-depth conversations with eleven participants are recorded. Examining the phenomenon of nursing presence through the hermeneutic lenses of narrative identity, play and solicitude has elucidated the role of ethical orientation, creativity and connection with the human experience through exploration of self and other. This more nuanced and complex understanding adds depth to the conversation and offers new possibilities to the effort to encourage and support presence in nursing practice.

  8. Hermeneutics of clinical practice: the question of textuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svenaeus, F

    2000-01-01

    In this article I scrutinize the question whether clinical medicine, in order to be considered a hermeneutical enterprise, must be thought of as a reading of different "texts." Three different proposals for a definition of the concept of text in medicine, suggested by other hermeneuticians, are discussed. All three proposals are shown to be unsatisfying in various ways. Instead of attempting to find a fourth definition of the concept of text suitable to a hermeneutics of medicine, I then try to show that the assumption that one needs to operate with the concept of text in order to develop a hermeneutics of medicine is false. Clinical interpretation can be shown to essentially consist in a dialogical hermeneutics, the pattern of which can be found in the philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer. This kind of hermeneutics is not a methodology of text reading, but an ontological, phenomenological hermeneutics in which understanding is a necessary feature of the being-together of human beings in the world. This being-together in and through language takes on a peculiar form in the clinical encounter, since the medical meeting is typically characterized by an asymmetrical enstrangement and has a specific goal--health for the patient--absent in other forms of hermeneutics. Central issues of Gadamer's philosophy, e.g. "fusion of horizons," are shown to fit the structure of clinical practice.

  9. A Nomos for Art and Design

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    Tom McGuirk

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the relationship between reflecting and making in the context of the new institutional connection between research and art/design. The article argues that while this new dispensation offers exciting possibilities for fruitful cross- and interdisciplinary development, caution is necessary to ensure that the artistic domain retains a level of autonomy within the broader university.For elucidation, the article initially looks to the early history of education in our fields and to Pierre Bourdieu's account of the "early moments of the autonomization of the artistic field," in his critique of the "scholastic disposition." Bourdieu recognises "a repression of the material determinations of symbolic practices" within those early developments: in effect, a repression of those embodied, situated, and practical aspects of art and design production. He regards such repression as a trait of the broader academy, both then and in subsequent and recent periods. The article argues that this attitude still provides the impetus for what James Elkins refers to as "the incommensurability of studio art production and university life."The article further argues that a parity of esteem between reflecting and making is vital not only for the sake of the stability of the fields of art and design but for the ongoing development of the broader university. In this argument the article looks to the work of John Dewey, Martin Heidegger, and Hans-Georg Gadamer.

  10. Empty Selves and Multiple Belonging: Gadamer and Nāgārjuna on Religious Identity’s Hidden Plurality

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    Hustwit J. R.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The reaction to multiple religious belonging has been fraught with anxiety in the monotheistic traditions. Nevertheless, increasing numbers of people report belonging to multiple religions. I propose that it is most useful to think of multiple religious belonging not so much as an expression of choice, but just the opposite. Multiple religious belonging is best explained as the ontological condition of two or more religious traditions constituting the self, so that the self’s possibilities are constrained by those religions. Furthermore, I argue that multiple religious belonging per se does not threaten traditional religious communities. Threats are by definition future possibilities, and ontologically speaking, we always already belong to multiple religions. We belong to multiple religions because every religious tradition is an amalgam of earlier distinct traditions. There is nothing new about multiple religious belonging. It is nearly unremarkable. Two philosophers in particular-one a twentieth-century German phenomenologist, the other a second-century Indian Buddhist-have given particularly careful examination of the phenomenon of belonging. Hans-Georg Gadamer’s concept of Wirkungsgeschichte [history of effects] and Nāgārjuna’s teaching of śūnyatā [emptiness] both imply that multiple religious belonging is the ontological condition of all human beings, and that producing any monolithic religious identity requires significant mental gymnastics.

  11. El cuidado de sí y del otro en lo educativo

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    César Lanz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se pretende esbozar una propuesta pedagógica a partir de lo que Michel Foucault concibe como cuidado de sí y Hans-Georg Gadamer designa como bildung o formación. El cuidado de sí, que puede traducirse como formación de sí, como conocimiento de sí, como práctica de sí, resulta ser una hermenéutica del sujeto mediante la cual se busca que éste se escuche y se mire a sí mismo, se interpele como persona, para poder formar-se y así pueda soportar como corresponde todos los acontecimientos posibles, todas las aflicciones y problemas que puedan afectarlo durante toda la vida. De igual modo, el cuidado de sí es algo a lo que están obligados a pensar quienes quieren educar a los otros.Comoprácticas de la subjetividad, el cuidado de sí tiene que ver con la formación no para aprender algo exterior, un cuerpo de conocimiento, sino una educación para propiciar el ejercicio de la reflexión sobre s�� mismo y sobre los otros.

  12. A questão do outro e o diálogo

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    Nadja Hermann

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo sitúa la cuestión del otro en la esfera de la ética en la educación. Inicialmente se explica el tema y, a continuación, se presenta la interpretación fenomenológica de Bernhard Waldenfels, que muestra los límites de nuestra comprensión y defiende la forma de acceso al otro como una “lógica peculiar de respuesta”, rompiendo con el enfoque dialógico. A continuación se presenta la posición de Hans-Georg Gadamer, que retoma el principio dialógico platónico desde la perspectiva de la hermenéutica filosófica, en que el lógos puede ser compartido por todos, con el fin de construir un puente entre el yo y el otro. Por último, indica el potencial explicativo de las dos posiciones para entender la dimensión de la tensión presente en la relación con la alteridad. Los esfuerzos educativos de ir al encuentro de la singularidad del otro van más allá de una visión metafísica de apropiación. Las experiencias dialógicas alojan las expectativas de una abertura ética para crear un mundo común.

  13. La situación hermenéutica del personal docente investigador: Una propuesta para investigar en el campo de la educación desde los prejuicios y la auto-etnografía

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    Rodrigo Moreno Aponte

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El artículo realiza una aproximación a la metodología hermenéutica en el campo de las Ciencias Sociales. Esta metodología se caracteriza ser una postura que se aleja de la distinción epistemológica clásica entre sujeto y objeto. La experiencia del investigador y su contexto situacional se vinculan con su objeto de estudio. Para el desarrollo de estas ideas se aporta, una descripción de la hermenéutica desarrollada por Hans-Georg Gadamer, enfocada en el concepto de prejuicios. Se realiza el vínculo de estas ideas con la técnica de investigación conocida como auto-etnografía. Finalmente, se hace hincapié en el vínculo de estos dos conceptos con el contexto situacional del personal docente investigador para comprender un fenómeno que tiene que ver directamente con su labor. Por lo tanto, este artículo se enfoca en lo que consideramos puede ser el primer momento de este tipo de indagación, a saber: la reducción hermenéutica por medio de la auto-etnografía por parte del personal docente investigador

  14. DAS OXYMORON “LAPTE NEGRU” / “SCHWARZE MILCH” BEI VASILE VOICULESCU UND PAUL CELAN

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    PUIU IONIȚĂ

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The surprising connection of the terms “milk” and “black”, which represents the leitmotif and structuring symbol in the poem Death Fugue by Paul Celan, also appeared in various forms, during the year 1939, in the works of two other poets, living in Chernovtsy, namely Alfred Margul Sperber and Rose Ausländer. As early as January 1939, this oxymoron has appeared in the poem More Night by Vasile Voiculescu, being published in the journal “Gândirea” / “The Thinking”, in Bucharest. In Voiculescu’s poem, the mystical significance of “black milk” - that comprises within itself two icons: the life-giving milk and the renewing wine - seems to be appropriate, considering the spiritual development of the poet. As regards Paul Celan, the understanding of this double symbol is more difficult because the current interpretation is a political one. Beyond the Holocaust black and white smoke rising as a witness of the mass killing of Hebrews, one can interpret, though, the “black milk” as an allusion to Shekinah, the flow of life that nourishes all living creatures. This interpretation becomes possible through the scales proposed by Hans-Georg Gadamer and Otto Pöggeler.

  15. As contribuições da hermenêutica de Gadamer para a formação de professores = The contributions of the hermeneutics Gadamer for teacher education

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    Rozek, Marlene

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe-se a analisar as ideias de Hans-Georg Gadamer e suas contribuições para o estudo da formação docente. A perspectiva hermenêutica na compreensão da docência mostra-se relevante, pois permite a construção de horizontes interpretativos acerca de si mesmo e do outro, bem como o esclarecimento necessário sobre a produção de sentidos acerca do ser professor e do ato de educar. No campo educativo, entende-se que a formação docente pode ser pensada como uma relação hermenêutica, logo, uma relação de produção de sentidos e, desta forma, a formação de professores, como prática que compreende e interpreta, desvenda e produz sentido, estaria contribuindo para a ampliação do horizonte compreensivo acerca das relações que se estabelecem na relação pedagógica

  16. Formació, llenguatge i experiència. Sobre diàlegs poeticofilosòfics de Plató i Borges

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    Liliana J. Guzmán

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente ensayo expone una interpretación de la tarea pedagógica de la formación especialmente por una experiencia con el lenguaje, específicamente por el lenguaje de la palabra poética. Para ello se parte de una opción teórica que asume la filosofía hermenéutica desde la perspectiva de Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002, desde la cual se hace una lectura interpretativa de dos textos como relatos de formación por la experiencia con la palabra poética: el diálogo platónico Ion y el cuento La Rosa de Paracelso, de Jorge Luis Borges. En relación con ambos textos, se aborda una interpretación de la educación como formación y como inquietud por el arte, según una estructura discursiva que comienza con la pregunta por sí mismo, avanza por momentos diversos de encuentro con la verdad, y termina no conclusivamente en una apuesta a la elección por la formación como obra de arte y elección de sí mismo, como otro modo de educar. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Le présent essai expose une interprétation de la tâche pédagogique de formation tout particulièrement par une expérience avec la langue, et plus concrètement par la parole poétique. Pour ce faire, nous partons d’une option théorique qui assume la philosophie herméneutique dans la perspective de Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002, depuis laquelle est faite une lecture interprétative de deux textes en tant que récits de formation par l’expérience avec la parole poétique : le dialogue Ion, de Platon, et le conte La Rosa de Paracelso, de Jorge Luis Borges. Par rapport à ces deux textes, nous abordons une interprétation de l’éducation par l’art comme formation et comme inquiétude, selon une structure discursive qui commence avec la question de soi-même, progresse par des moments divers de rencontre avec la vérité, et

  17. Dialectic of the university: a critique of instrumental reason in graduate nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrovskaya, Olga; McDonald, Carol; McIntyre, Marjorie

    2011-10-01

    Our analysis in this paper unfolds on two levels: a critique of the 'realities' of graduate nursing education and an argument to sustain its 'ideals'. We open for discussion an aspect of graduate nursing education dominated by instrumental reason, namely the research industry, using an internal critique approach developed by Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno of the Early Frankfurt School. As we explain, internal critique arises out of, and relies on, the mismatch between goals, or 'ideals', and existing realities. Thinking about 'ideals' of the academy, we draw on Hans-Georg Gadamer's view of the university as a place to think freely, creatively, and critically. The contemporary realities of the university, on the other hand, that emphasize the market values of the research industry forcefully shape nursing academic scholarship in a particular direction. In our attempt to recognize and disrupt the forces of the research industry with its instrumental reason, we consider Judith Butler's writings on how norms operate in society. We show that our growing involvement in the research industry makes it very difficult to disentangle ourselves from that situation. The values of the research industry actually suppress the very ideals of education and scholarship that we would like to uphold. As a contra-force, the internal critique of the 'existing realities' in the graduate nursing education unmasks the tyranny of the research industry and makes visible the importance of sustaining the higher goals and ideals in nursing scholarship.

  18. COMMITTEES: SQM 2007 - International Conference On Strangeness In Quark Matter SQM 2007 - International Conference On Strangeness In Quark Matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-01

    Local Organising Committee Ivan Králik (IEP SAS, Košice) Vojtěch Petráček (Czechoslovakia Technical University, Prague) Ján Pišút (Comenius University, Bratislava) Emanuele Quercigh (CERN) Karel Šafařík (CERN), Co-chair Ladislav v Sándor (IEP SAS, Košice), Co-chair Boris Tomášik (Mateja Bela University, Banská Bystrica) Jozef Urbán (UPJŠ Košice) International Advisory Committee Jörg Aichelin, Nantes Federico Antinori, Padova Tamás Biró, Budapest Peter Braun-Munzinger, GSI Jean Cleymans, Cape Town László Csernai, Bergen Timothy Hallman, BNL Huan Zhong Huang, UCLA Sonja Kabana, Nantes Roy A Lacey, Stony Brook Carlos Lourenço, CERN Yu-Gang Ma, Shanghai Jes Masden, Aarhus Yasuo Miake, Tsukuba Berndt Müller, Duke Grazyna Odyniec, LBNL Helmut Oeschler, Darmstadt Jan Rafelski, Arizona Hans Georg Ritter, LBNL Jack Sandweiss, Yale George S F Stephans, MIT Horst Stöcker, Frankfurt Thomas Ullrich, BNL Orlando Villalobos-Baillie, Birmingham William A Zajc, Columbia

  19. Kritik Nalar Hermeneutika Paul Ricoeur

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    Daden Robi Rahman

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Hermeneutics was born and developed in the West, specifically in response to the theological problem of Christianity, and always claimed to be an effective solution to the interpretation of Scripture. With existence of various schools, hermeneutics has also various shades and resulted different interpretations. Such as Schleiermacher, followed by Wilhelm Dilthey and Emilio Betti as initiators of hermeneutics methodology. Martin Heidegger and Gadamer followed with their ontological hermeneutics, and continued by Habermas with his critical hermeneutics. After that, the critical ontological hermeneutics initiated by either Paul Ricoeur, or Rudolf Bultman with his theological hermeneutics, and Derrida with his deconstructive hermeneutics. Among those schools, the writers interested in reviewing the hermeneutics of Paul Ricoeur which represents a distinctive theory of interpretation. His idea considered to be a bridge of the fierce debate between methodological traditions and philosophical traditions represented by Emilio Betti and Hans Georg Gadamer. The thought of Ricoeur was also claimed as a mediator between the positions of the romantic tradition of Schleiermacher and Dilthey with philosophy hermeneutic by Martin Heidegger. In another side, he was placed as a combination between the two great philosophical tradition, that’s German phenomenology and France structuralism. Furthermore, the thought of Ricoeur is a revision to the thought of Dilthey about explanation (erklären and understanding (verstehen. Through this paper, the writer will attempt to unravel the thought of Paul Ricoeur, and in the end, will clearly known the position of Ricoeur among other hermeneutics initiators.

  20. On the Interpretations of The Book of Songs from the Point of View of Modern Philosophical Hermeneutics%用现代阐释学观点观照历代《诗经》的解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐玲英

    2011-01-01

    The German philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer established the theoretical system of the philosophical hermeneutics.He emphasized the activity and creation of the interpreter and opposed the pursuit of "the only one correct" original intention.After interpreting the different interpretations of The Book of Songs in Han,Song and Qing Dynasty from the point of view of modern philosophical hermeneutics,it can be seen that they were branded with historical marks and the fusion of horizons of both the authors and the interpreters.%伽达默尔的哲学阐释学一反传统解释学对文本"唯一正确"的原意的追求,突出强调了解释者的主观能动性和创造性。用伽达默尔阐释学观点观照历代《诗经》的解读,可以明显地看出,以政教范式解《诗》的诗经汉学,以理学范式解《诗》的诗经宋学和以考证范式解《诗》的诗经清学都打上了时代烙印,体现着文本作者视域和理解者视域的融合。

  1. O caráter festivo da ciberarte = The festive character of cyberart

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    Amaral, Leila

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Partindo de uma das mais notáveis características da ciberarte, a "interatividade", em um contexto de hibridização generalizada dos procedimentos e dispositivos tecnológicos disponíveis na atual era hipertecnológica, o presente artigo colocará em destaque a dimensão do festivo no âmbito das práticas artísticas contemporâneas, especialmente em sua vertente tecnológica e digital. A fim de considerar tanto o seu aspecto "cracionista" quanto o "reflexionista", a interpretação proposta partirá das questões apresentadas pela teoria antropológica clássica sobre festa: O que estabelece a comunidade na ciberarte? Que tipo de comunidade aí se estabelece e o que se sacrifica na arte digital ou cibernética? Estas questões estarão articuladas com a discussão proposta por Hans-Georg Gadamer e Richard Schechner sobre a tarefa de construção do jogo reflexivo presente na obra de arte como tal, para apresentar, gradativamente, no decorrer do artigo, a peculiariedade da experiência do festivo nas artes computacionais ou numéricas

  2. Conceptual Change in the History of the Humanities

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    Floris Solleveld

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Was there ever a ‘scientific revolution’ in the Humanities, and to what extent is that notion applicable to the Humanities at all? In this article, I formulate various ways in which to answer that question. These options emerge from a discussion of what I identify as the ‘Standard Account’ of developments in the Humanities around 1800, the essentials of which are in the work of Michel Foucault, Hans-Georg Gadamer, and Isaiah Berlin. Without calling it as such, the Standard Account amounts to a description of a scientific revolution. However, this Account works as a model and a set of tacit assumptions rather than as an explicit article of faith, and all of its tenets have been criticized. Making its assumptions and shortcomings explicit leaves one with four alternatives: 1. in spite of all shortcomings and criticism, the Standard Account is largely correct; 2. there was a revolution, but it was different; 3. there were various breakthroughs and more or less revolutionary events rather than one revolution; or 4. there was no revolution in the Humanities at all. Evaluating these alternatives also throws a new light on the dynamics of conceptual change – how the humanities bring forth new ideas.

  3. Educating the Citizen of Academia Online?

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    Mariann Solberg

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The Arctic is a vast, sparsely populated area. The demographic situation points to online distance education as a solution to support lifelong learning and to build competence in the region. An overall aim of all university education is what Hans Georg Gadamer calls Bildung, what we in Norwegian call dannelse and what Richard Rorty has called edification. A first problem to be addressed here is that in online distance learning some teachers find that is harder to support the development of the student’s voice. Being able to express oneself and to position oneself in a scientific community is vital for a well-educated graduate. Another problem in online education has been the extensive use of writing as a means in the student’s learning process. Writing is vital to academic education, but in online courses there is in general a danger of overuse. At the University of Tromsø we have tested the web conference tool Elluminate Live. This is a real-time application, integrated in the University’s learning management system (LMS, Fronter. The application enables synchronous oral dialogue, simultaneous sharing of texts, and so forth. I present our main experience with the use of Elluminate Live and discuss the extent to which this application has turned out to be helpful in developing the quality of online courses.

  4. De Cambridge para o mundo, historicamente: revendo a contribuição metodológica de Quentin Skinner

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    João Feres Júnior

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, on souligne un problème central de l'approche méthodologique de Quentin Skinner concernant l'étude de l'histoire de la pensée politique: l'équivalence adoptée par l'auteur entre la communication orale et la communication écrite. Ce qui l'amène à faire de la théorie des actes de la parole l'axe de son projet méthodologique. Si l'on suit l'approche que Paul Ricoeur entreprend dans la phénoménologie de l'écrit, les différences entre ces deux types de communication s'imposent et, par conséquent, les impropriétés provoquées par l'équivalence adoptée par Skinner. On voit pourquoi l'approche critique à la méthodologie de l'auteur anglais est plus productive et systématique que la plupart des critiques qu'on lui a adressées, y compris celles inspirées de la pensée de Hans-Georg Gadamer.

  5. Die filosofie kan die teologie help om weg te beweeg van �n onhistoriese, sinkroniese interpretasie van tekste na �n historiese, diakroniese interpretasie van tekste

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    Pieter H.J. Labuschagne

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available In the last few decades in South Africa, much emphasis has been placed on unhistorical, synchronistic interpretations of the text of the Old Testament. Very little effort has been made to look into the long historical development of the text from the sources to the present form. Sometimes the advocates of these synchronistic approaches even responded with hostility towards any approach that would, in their words, deny the authority of the text. Their search was for absolute truth, which they believed could be secured by their methods. The uncertainties of historical research were not attractive to them. In this article, we briefly look at Gerhard Von Rad�s Traditionsgeschichte [History of Traditions] and Hans-Georg Gadamer�s Wirkungsgeschichte [Reception History] and point out that mankind is rooted in history. We thus come to understanding through a process that is tied to our historical horisons. Furthermore, it will become clear that theology and philosophy can help one another in defining the process of understanding.

  6. Antonin Scalia’s Textualism in philosophy, theology, and judicial interpretation of the Constitution

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    Herman Philipse

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Textualism or Originalism, as defended by Justice Antonin Scalia of the U.S. Supreme Court, is a normative doctrine of method according to which the judicial interpretation of statutes and of the Constitution should aim at establishing the original meaning of the text. Textualism in the strict sense is unpopular not only among most judges but also among philosophers and theologians. In philosophy, Textualism was denounced as hopelessly naive by authors such as Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer, and their American followers. In theology, Textualism is not a viable option for believers who want both to accept as true the text of their holy book and to endorse the results of modern science and historical scholarship. I argue that Textualism is the only valid methodology of interpretation both in philosophy and in theology. For the judicial interpretation and application of statutes and constitutions, however, Textualism cannot be more than one methodological topos among many. We also have to accept other topoi, such as the topos that the system of statutes and treatises should form a consistent whole, and these other topoi cannot be considered as part and parcel of Textualism in the strict sense. It follows that the difference between a tenable sophisticated version of Textualism as a methodology of judicial interpretation and the so-called doctrine of the Living Constitution is one of degree and emphasis only. Justice Scalia’s simple version of Textualism is a political ideology rather than a valid methodology of judicial interpretation.

  7. Kategoria godności człowieka w świetle hermeneutyki (The concept of human dignity and the hermeneutics

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    Andrzej Bronk

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The object of my elementary semiotical and methodological considerations is the place and the function of the concept of human dignity in the hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer. The notion of human dignity is used today frequently – alas, often uncritically – in many political and ideological discussions as a tool to promote certain kinds of social policy. I am above all interested in the many meanings of the notion of human dignity and the philosophical (ontological and epistemologicalpresuppositions that lie at the bottom of its use. What precisely do we mean when we say that human beings are characterized by a dignity? However, I will not determine precisely the different meanings,past and present, of “human dignity”, much less give a projecting definition of this notion. I devote attention – though only indirectly – to objective questions raised by the notion of human dignity and to their answers as well as to arguments in their favour. When we accept the hermeneutics as a philosophical anthropology then we see also that the notion of human dignity plays a peculiar function in it. In conclusionI state that the thesis that the human being has an ontologically distinctive way of existence finds adequate rational explanation and justification only in philosophy and a non-rational explication and a full justification in Christian theology.

  8. Los valores paisajísticos. Elementos para la articulación entre teoría e interpretación del paisaje

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    Juan Vicente Caballero Sánchez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende contribuir a responder a la siguiente pregunta: ¿Cuáles son los nexos que unen la teoría y la interpretación paisajísticas? Tras dar una visión panorámica de la teoría paisajística y la interpretación del paisaje, se exploran dos territorios que pueden ayudar de forma especial a arrojar luz sobre la cuestión planteada: la hermenéutica filosófica iniciada por el filósofo alemán Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002; y el Tableau de la géographie de la France, de Paul Vidal de la Blache (1845-1918. Finalmente, se plantea, a partir sobre todo de estos dos referentes, un marco teórico orientado a la articulación entre las aportaciones de la teoría paisajística contemporánea y la práctica de la interpretación paisajística.

  9. Gadamer's two horizons: listening to the voices in nursing history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, Ann E

    2013-03-01

    Brian Abel-Smith's A History of the Nursing Profession published in 1960 marked a new critical approach to interpreting British nursing history in the light of modern culture. This approach was taken forward by most nursing history writers. In addition, some British nursing history writers, notably Monica Baly, Celia Davies and Anne Marie Rafferty, as well as Abel-Smith himself, have influenced the direction of British nursing policy. This study argues that the current method of interpreting nursing history, through the revisionist lens of what Patricia D'Antonio calls 'the mighty triumvirate of race, class and gender', makes a crucial omission. According to Hans-Georg Gadamer, the hermeneutical philosopher, historical interpretation should be a mutual dialogue of the 'then' and the 'now'. But in modern nursing history writing the present horizon dominates. In order to allow the past horizon to speak to the present, this study examines the textbooks of British nursing matrons and tutors 1873-1971. These primary sources show that nurses were taught to develop Christian virtues in order to become good nurses. This study suggests that understanding and engaging with these voices, and allowing them to speak to the present, is relevant for current British nursing as well as for nursing worldwide.

  10. Hermeneutics of medicine in the wake of Gadamer: the issue of phronesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svenaeus, Fredrik

    2003-01-01

    The relevance of the Aristotelian concept of phronesis--practical wisdom--for medicine and medical ethics has been much debated during the last two decades. This paper attempts to show how Aristotle's practical philosophy was of central importance to Hans-Georg Gadamer and to the development of his philosophical hermeneutics, and how, accordingly, the concept of phronesis will be central to a Gadamerian hermeneutics of medicine. If medical practice is conceived of as an interpretative meeting between doctor and patient with the aim of restoring the health of the latter, then phronesis is the mark of the good physician, who through interpretation comes to know the best thing to do for this particular patient at this particular time. The potential fruitfulness of this hermeneutical appropriation of phronesis for the field of medical ethics is also discussed. The concept can be (and has been) used in critiques of the conceptualization of bioethics as the application of principle-based theory to clinical situations, since Aristotle's point is exactly that problems of praxis cannot be approached in this way. It can also point the way for alternative forms of medical ethics, such as virtue ethics or a phenomenological and hermeneutical ethics. The latter alternative would have to address the phenomena of health and the good life as issues for medical practice. It would also have to map out in detail the terrain of the medical meeting and the acts of interpretation through which phronesis is exercised.

  11. 朱熹与伽达默尔对话中的存有论转化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林维杰

    2009-01-01

    这篇文章对儒学(朱熹)与诠释学[伽达默尔(Hans-Georg Gadamer,1900—2002)]之间进行一个可构想的对话或比较。这个对话的双方并不全然处于平行对比,却可让某种存有论的转化事件一现象展现于读者面前。在本文的处理下,这些事件发生在三种关系之中:文本与真理、真理与意义以及方法与修养等关系,而它们(事件)同时也表现出一种共同的存有论诠释学特质——"由手段向目的之存有论转化"之可能,即中介性的文本向被中介的真理之转化,中介性的意义向被中介的真理之转化,以及中介性(工具性)的方法向被中介的伦理修养要求之转化。

  12. 简直是在倾听他人——为哲学家伽达默尔逝世而作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    K.伏拉施; 邓安庆

    2002-01-01

    已经得到消息,哲学家H.-G.伽达默尔(Hans-Georg Gadamer)逝世了。他于1900年2月11日生于马堡,2002年3月13日在海德堡去世,一个超常的生命完结了。他的学生以及与他们相连的国际文学界向这位令人敬佩的德国哲学最后的伟人鞠躬。这不是提出一个世纪结束的时候。数十年来,从这个时代德国最富影响力的哲学家身上产生出来的影响,是多方面的,于今已经耗尽了。无人能够通观这种成就,但是,某人今天要说,伽达默尔,这是他的世纪,在思想中把握的世纪。

  13. 理解的应用性与伽达默尔的"实践哲学走向"%Application of Understanding and Gadamer's Philosophical Tendency of Praxis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭启福

    2005-01-01

    @@ 如何看待伽达默尔(Hans-Georg Gadamer,1900~2002)中晚期哲学之间的关系?[1]这是近年来我国诠释学研究颇为关注的问题.严平先生认为,20世纪60年代末~70年代初,在与哈贝马斯的论战中,伽达默尔逐渐开始了从哲学诠释学到实践哲学的转向;[2]张能为先生也认为伽达默尔晚期哲学"实现了由理论解释学向实践解释学的转变,将解释学与实践哲学联系起来";[3]而何卫平先生则在肯定晚期实践哲学转向的同时,着重强调它"实现了从理解本体论向价值伦理学的转变".

  14. Grandparents' experiences of childhood cancer, part 1: doubled and silenced.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moules, Nancy J; Laing, Catherine M; McCaffrey, Graham; Tapp, Dianne M; Strother, Douglas

    2012-01-01

    In this study, the authors examined the experiences of grandparents who have had, or have, a grandchild with childhood cancer. Sixteen grandparents were interviewed using unstructured interviews, and the data were analyzed according to hermeneutic-phenomenological tradition, as guided by the philosophical hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer. Interpretive findings indicate that grandparents suffer and worry in many complex ways that include a doubled worry for their own children as well as their grandchildren. According to the grandparents in this study, this worry was, at times, silenced in efforts to protect the parents of the grandchild from the burden of concern for the grandparent. Other interpretations include the nature of having one's universe shaken, of having lives put on hold, and a sense of helplessness. The grandparents in this study offer advice to other grandparents as well as to the health care system regarding what kinds of things might have been more helpful to them as one level of the family system, who, like other subsystems of the family, are also profoundly affected by the event of childhood cancer.

  15. Hermeneutics as Embodied Existence

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    Marja Schuster RN, PhD

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the possibilities and limits of a hermeneutic way of being in the world, more specifically being a researcher as a part of human, embodied existence. Understanding existence as embodied highlights the subjectivity of a researcher. For a hermeneutic researcher this subjectivity is both a precondition for interpretation and something that might endanger the scientific endeavour. In this article, I examine the possibilities of combining Hans-Georg Gadamer's empathetic hermeneutics with Paul Ricoeur's critical hermeneutics as a means of both recognizing and, to some extent, controlling my subjectivity in the research process. With Gabriel Marcel I also argue for hermeneutics as an embodied experience. This is exemplified by my study with a focus on the existential dimensions of the nursing profession. The first part of the article introduces Marcel and his philosophical anthropology concerning our bodily existence as essential for shared lives with others. In the second part, this understanding of self and others is further developed by means of the hermeneutics of Gadamer and Ricoeur. In the third part, I present a way of applying hermeneutics in procedures for interviews, transcription, and analysis of data.

  16. El lugar del otro en las ciencias humanas hermenéuticas –y algunas perspectivas para América Latina–

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    Luis Eduardo Gama

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available La hermenéutica es con frecuencia asimilada a un método particular de investigación de las ciencias sociales. Tal punto de vista no solo desconoce los desarrollos modernos de la filosofía hermenéutica, sino que deriva en un enfoque marcadamente procedimental de las humanidades, que deja de lado muchas de las implicaciones éticas de estas disciplinas. Particularmente nos referimos aquí a la cuestión de la alteridad, es decir, al problema de la comprensión del otro. para poder considerar el horizonte ético de la alteridad en el que se mueven las ciencias humanas, resulta especialmente provechoso entender la comprensión de las humanidades como un proceso de fusión de horizontes. Esta noción, proveniente de la hermenéutica de Hans-Georg Gadamer, es expuesta, analizada y dimensionada aquí desde una perspectiva latinoamericana.

  17. The world of the life of the Colombian researcher in education and pedagogy in Manizales university context. A phenomenological view

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    Andrea SUÁREZ SALAZAR

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper accounts for a research inscribed within the research project named Investigation Regions in Education and Pedagogy: Construction of a Research Activity Map for the decade 2000-2010. It makes part of the Doctoral Program in Social Sciences Childhood and Youth carried out by CINDE and Universidad de Manizales. Its main objective is to understand the sense given by researchers in Education and Pedagogy to their daily research work. A phenomenological qualitative research method with a hermeneutical perspective was used. Four researchers were interviewed from four universities of Manizales. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed by using two methods: the phenomenological thematic analysis proposed by Max Van Manen and the hermeneutic circle of Hans-Georg Gadamer. The conclusion is that the central experience of being a researcher in these areas is dignity, constructed from three main themes: self-relation, trajectories, and sense modes. It was also concluded that these three topics are closely linked with the life of institutional research in Manizales.

  18. Aproximación ontológica al sentido originario de la salud desde la hermenéutica filosófica Ontologic approach to the original meaning of health from the point of view of philosophical hermeneutics

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    Arturo G Rillo

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El sentido originario de la salud quedó oculto al surgir la medicina posibilitando la medicalización de la vida. Hacer frente a esta tendencia requiere recuperar la salud desde la existencia humana. Objetivo: Dar respuesta a la pregunta por el sentido originario de la salud analizando la esencia y finitud del ser humano además de la salud como existenciario. Material y método: Se realizó una investigación hermenéutica que incluyó las siguientes fases: analítica, comprensiva, reconstructiva y crítica. Las categorías de análisis fueron: sentido originario, modo de ser, existencia, ser-en-el-mundo, ser-sano, estar-sano y saberse-sano. Los principales autores confrontados fueron: Aristóteles, Hipócrates, Hans-Georg Gadamer y Martín Heidegger. Resultados: El análisis hermenéutico de la salud la devela como un modo de ser, donde ser-sano, estar-sano y saberse-sano son dimensiones existenciales que posibilitan al hombre incluirse en el mundo de la vida. Comprender la salud como un modo de existir del ser humano rehabilita la autoconciencia de la salud como un fundamento ontológico y vivencial para comprender la responsabilidad de vivir. Conclusión: El sentido originario de la salud consiste en la posibilidad del ser humano de realizarse en la vida fáctica. Esto implica que ontológicamente la salud es un modo de ser.Introduction: The original meaning of health was hidden with the arrival of medicine, allowing for the medicalization of life. To face this tendency, we require the recovery of health from human existence. Objective: To answer the question on the original meaning of health, analyzing the essence and finitude of human being and health as penitentiary. Material and methods: A hermeneutical research was conducted, including the following phases: analytical, comprehensive, reconstructive and critical. The categories for analysis were: original meaning, way-of-being, existence, being-in-the-world, being

  19. Uma concepção hermenêutica de saúde A hermeneutical concept of health

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    José Ricardo C. M. Ayres

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo é uma reflexão sobre o conceito de saúde. A tese central do ensaio é que a equivalência de saúde e doença como situações polares opostas de uma mesma natureza de fenômenos, identificados segundo uma mesma racionalidade, é tão limitante para a adequada compreensão dessas duas construções discursivas e das práticas a elas relacionadas, quanto negar as estreitas relações que guardam uma com a outra na vida cotidiana. Com base na Hermenêutica Filosófica, de Hans-Georg Gadamer, e na Teoria da Ação Comunicativa, de Jürgen Habermas, procuramos demonstrar que os conceitos de saúde e doença se referem a interesses práticos e instrumentais, respectivamente, na elaboração racional de experiências vividas de processos de saúde-doença-cuidado. Defende-se que o obscurecimento desses distintos interesses decorre da "colonização da nossa experiência vivida" pelas estruturas conceituais das ciências biomédicas. Aponta-se para a necessidade de contrapor, a essa tendência, a reconstrução chamada humanizadora das práticas de saúde, tornando-nos todos, profissionais, serviços, programas e políticas de saúde, mais sensíveis, críticos e responsivos aos sucessos práticos sempre visados por meio e para além de qualquer êxito técnico no cuidado em saúde.This is a reflection on the concept of health. The central thesis of the essay is that the assumption of health and disease as opposite polar situations of a same nature of phenomenon, identified by means of a same rationality, is as limiting to an appropriate understanding of these two discursive constructions as it would be the ignorance of their close relationships in daily life. Based on Hans-Georg Gadamer's Philosophical Hermeneutics and Jürgen Habermas' Theory of Communicative Action, we seek to demonstrate that the concepts of health and disease are referred respectively to practical and instrumental interests in the rational elaboration of lived

  20. Readers, Texts, and the Fusion of Horizons: Theology and Gadamer’s Hermeneutics

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    Matthew W. Knotts

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The practise of hermeneutics originates in a theological context, and indeed, the work of Hans-Georg Gadamer has exerted an influence over theologians and religious persons for the last half century. What if any relevance does a text, for instance, a biblical one, have for us today? Is it severed from us due to its historical and temporal distance? Even if it has some message which can be relevant today, how is one to access and interpret it? Gadamer deals with such issues in his masterwork Truth and Method, offering resources through his understanding of the nature of texts and what he calls the fusion of horizons. For Gadamer, an horizon constitutes one’s worldview. Yet this horizon is subject to expansion and revision, as well as contact with other horizons. In this process of fusing horizons, understanding occurs between minds, and one grows in one’s awareness and pursuit of truth. Gadamer maintains that this can happen across both hermeneutical and historical boundaries, hence preserving the applicability of a text to a different context without compromising its unique historical origins. Čtenář, text a splývání jejich horizontů: Teologie a Gadamerova hermeneutika Zájem o hermeneutiku se zrodil v teologickém prostředí. Jednou z nejvlivnějších postav a vzorů hermeneutiky od poloviny minulého století až dodnes se stal Hans-Georg Gadamer. Jaký má pro nás, lidi 21. století, smysl biblický text? Nebo se zeptejme takto: má pro nás vůbec nějaký smysl? Je od nás časově i dějinně vzdálen. I kdyby pro nás nějaké poselství přece jen měl, otázkou zůstává, jak jej interpretovat? Těmito a podobnými otázkami se zabývá Gadamer ve svém životním díle Pravda a Metoda. Ukazuje, jak s takovými texty pracovat. Jako klíče využívá způsob porozumění charakteru textů a to, čemu říká splývání horizontů. Horizontem se podle Gadamera rozumí náš světonázor. Každý horizont se rozp

  1. Tomographic PIV: principles and practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarano, F.

    2013-01-01

    A survey is given of the major developments in three-dimensional velocity field measurements using the tomographic particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique. The appearance of tomo-PIV dates back seven years from the present review (Elsinga et al 2005a 6th Int. Symp. PIV (Pasadena, CA)) and this approach has rapidly spread as a versatile, robust and accurate technique to investigate three-dimensional flows (Arroyo and Hinsch 2008 Topics in Applied Physics vol 112 ed A Schröder and C E Willert (Berlin: Springer) pp 127-54) and turbulence physics in particular. A considerable number of applications have been achieved over a wide range of flow problems, which requires the current status and capabilities of tomographic PIV to be reviewed. The fundamental aspects of the technique are discussed beginning from hardware considerations for volume illumination, imaging systems, their configurations and system calibration. The data processing aspects are of uppermost importance: image pre-processing, 3D object reconstruction and particle motion analysis are presented with their fundamental aspects along with the most advanced approaches. Reconstruction and cross-correlation algorithms, attaining higher measurement precision, spatial resolution or higher computational efficiency, are also discussed. The exploitation of 3D and time-resolved (4D) tomographic PIV data includes the evaluation of flow field pressure on the basis of the flow governing equation. The discussion also covers a-posteriori error analysis techniques. The most relevant applications of tomo-PIV in fluid mechanics are surveyed, covering experiments in air and water flows. In measurements in flow regimes from low-speed to supersonic, most emphasis is given to the complex 3D organization of turbulent coherent structures.

  2. Doing everyday occupations both conceals and reveals the phenomenon of being aged.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright-St Clair, Valerie A; Kerse, Ngaire; Smythe, Elizabeth

    2011-04-01

    The phenomenon of ageing is so commonplace that it is ordinarily taken-for-granted, with little call to question its meaning. Of importance to occupational therapists is the recent appeal to understand older adults' ordinary ways of everyday living. The aim of this interpretive phenomenological study was to understand the meaning of 'being aged' through the everyday experiences of those who are long-lived. The writings of two philosophers, Hans-Georg Gadamer and Martin Heidegger, guided the study's design and research methods. Being aged in the context of everyday living was the phenomenon of interest. Individual interviews were conducted with 15 community-dwelling New Zealand elders: four Maori aged 71-93 years and 11 non-Maori aged 80-97 years. Stories of going about daily occupations and particular moments in the day were elicited during conversational-style interviews. Hermeneutic methods and phenomenological reflection were used to analyse the data. Two overarching notions were illuminated. The ordinary ways of 'being in the every day', such as having a routine and a familiar purposefulness, conceal being aged. In contrast, 'experiencing the unaccustomed', such as suddenly noticing an unaccustomed weakness or oldness, in the midst of doing deeply familiar occupations is an announcing of being aged. CONCLUSIONS and As such, engaging in everyday, familiar occupations holds the potential to both conceal and reveal the phenomenon of being aged. These results point to the importance of illuminating the lived experience of occupational engagement as a fruitful way of informing occupation-focussed practice. © 2010 The Authors. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal © 2010 Australian Association of Occupational Therapists.

  3. Hermenêutica e educação: o sentido gadameriano de diálogo ressignificando as relações pedagógicas

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    Raimundo José Barros Cruz

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O significativo êxito alcançado pela Hermenêutica no interior do debate atual das ciências deve-se a seu posicionamento crítico sobre o modo de pensar e proceder das ciências naturais, e à tendência legitimadora de um sujeito racional, dominador dos contextos possíveis. Tratar das relações pedagógicas, tomando o diálogo hermenêutico como condição e mediação indispensáveis ao processo de formação e educação do envolvidos no processo pedagógico, remete-nos, portanto, ao enfrentamento crítico das estruturas monológicas de uma sociedade contemporânea reveladora da incapacidade para o diálogo. A Hermenêutica Filosófica de Hans-Georg Gadamer, será terreno fértil para que a discussão seja levada em frente; ajudando-nos a pensar as relações pedagógicas numa perspectiva dialógica rompendo com qualquer pretensão dominadora, contribuindo para a fundamentação de uma educação pautada no crescimento mútuo e construção de infinitos saberes.

  4. Humanismo e formação (Bildung em tempos de TICs: aproximações hermenêuticas

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    Rogério José Schuck

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Os últimos 20 anos foram de enormes mudanças para a humanidade, impulsionadas sobretudo pelas Tecnologias da Informação e Comunicação –TICs–, afetando a vida em todas as dimensões. O texto busca investigar a questão do humanismo nesse contexto, discutindo a relação tempo e espaço para compreender como as TICs têm sido centrais na mudança de postura e de construção do conhecimento. Seguindo a perspectiva da hermenêutica flosófca, de modo especial nas trilhas abertas por Hans-Georg Gadamer, o conceito apropriação da tradição e aproximações com o conceito formação (Bildung abrem perspectivas para a discussão pelas vias da hermenêutica flosófca. De que modo está se dando a formação (humanística, intelectual, social dentro desse contexto? Qual o espaço possível ao humanismo diante de um cenário extremamente complexo e plural, permeado pelas TICs? Em que sentido as TICs contribuem ou não para (repensarmos a questão da postura humana frente ao saber? São questões deveras complexas e que exigem mediações (que nos deem (na busca por algumas pistas em pro de respostas, mesmo que ainda abertas.

  5. "Effects of networking on career success: A longitudinal study": Correction to Wolff and Moser (2009).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-01

    Reports an error in "Effects of networking on career success: A longitudinal study" by Hans-Georg Wolff and Klaus Moser (Journal of Applied Psychology, 2009[Jan], Vol 94[1], 196-206). In the article, results from a confirmatory factor analysis on subjective career success in the Measures section contained an error in the reported Chi-square (i.e., χ² (5, N = 257) = 9.17). This error does not alter any conclusions or substantive statements in the original article. The correct fit indices are " χ²(5, N = 257) 9.67, p = .08, RMSEA = 0.059, CFI = 1.00." (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2009-00697-007.) Previous research has reported effects of networking, defined as building, maintaining, and using relationships, on career success. However, empirical studies have relied exclusively on concurrent or retrospective designs that rest upon strong assumptions about the causal direction of this relation and depict a static snapshot of the relation at a given point in time. This study provides a dynamic perspective on the effects of networking on career success and reports results of a longitudinal study. Networking was assessed with 6 subscales that resulted from combining measures of the facets of (a) internal versus external networking and (b) building versus maintaining versus using contacts. Objective (salary) and subjective (career satisfaction) measures of career success were obtained for 3 consecutive years. Multilevel analyses showed that networking is related to concurrent salary and that it is related to the growth rate of salary over time. Networking is also related to concurrent career satisfaction. As satisfaction remained stable over time, no effects of networking on the growth of career satisfaction were found. (PsycINFO Database Record

  6. Historia e identidades narrativas

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    Roberto Sánchez Benítez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad, asistimos, por un lado, a un tiempo de reformulación de las identidades individuales y colectivas, de cuya solución depende el aseguramiento de las culturas en un contexto de intercambio global; mientras que, por el otro, no se piensa que tales cambios vayan a detenerse en algún momento, toda vez que lo que define al sujeto contemporáneo es su situación descentrada, su aspecto multidimensional, cambiante y relacional, su carácter nómada o diaspórico, siendo esto último una constante en la historia. Una formulación inquietante, en este sentido, tiene que ver con las llamadas "identidades narrativas" (Ricoeur, en donde se sostiene que los comienzos de la inteligibilidad narrativa marcan los de una comunidad y su autocomprensión. De esta manera, los límites formales de la identidad quedan establecidos por el lenguaje o, dicho de otra manera, sólo es identificable lo que posee "estructura dramática". Quienes así piensan, sostienen que la identidad es, antes que nada, un logro discursivo, de tal forma que ser identificado como "alguien"es estar realizado en el lenguaje. De hecho, tener un sentimiento o idea de sí mismo tiene que ver con esta "realización" en el lenguaje. Además de referirnos al mencionado pensador francés, este artículo aborda planteamientos de Stuart Hall, Martin Heidegger, Hans-George. Gadamer y Terry Eagleton para completar la exposición del tema.

  7. 哲学诠释学语言观中“他者”的制约及其意义%Constraints and its Significance of the "Other" in the Linguistic View of Philosophical Hermeneutics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽

    2011-01-01

    Hans-Georg Gadamer argued that the language of the world experience is prior to all, because the proess of understanding is the agreement between the comprehender and the actual object to achieve a common language process, in which the possesses a full freedom in space, but is still subject to various constraints. These "other" constraints different from the comprehender himself may guide the understanding into a better and even more complete process. Based on this approach, we reflect on the problems caused be the proliferation of technology in today's society, the rapid development of mass media and many other phenomena, so that we can find inspiration from the "other" constraints.%伽达默尔认为世界经验的语言性先于一切,因为理解的过程实际上是理解者和理解对象达成一致、取得一种共同语言的过程,在这个取得一致性的过程中,理解者在拥有充分自由空间的同时也会受到各种制约,这些异于理解者自身的“他者”的制约会牵引着理解者走向一个更好更完善的过程。基于这一思路,反思当今社会科技泛滥所引发的种种问题,我们可以从这些“他者”的制约性中找到启发。

  8. 阐释学视角下的林语堂诗歌误译现象分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敬生; 黄金金

    2014-01-01

    Mistranslation is a common problem, for which we cannot lay the blame simply on the translator’s ability but to take a reasonable attitude in digging out and analyzing the root causes. Hermeneutics, especially the three principles put forward by Hans-Georg Gadamer, namely, “principle of effective-history, fusion of horizons and effective history”, fully demonstrates and proves the inevitability and reasonability of mistranslation during translating. In the present paper, the principles of effective-history and fusion of horizons are selected to analyze mistranslation in Lin Yutang’s poetry translation.%翻译中的误译现象非常常见,但是相较于简单地将其归罪于译者能力,理性地认识并分析其根源显得更为重要。阐释学的出现,尤其是它的三个原则“理解的历史性”、“视域融合”和“效果历史”则充分地论证了误译现象存在的必然性和合理性。林语堂先生的学识和声望,使得其翻译中的误译现象更加有力地佐证了误译的普遍性。本文选取“理解的历史性”和“视域融合”两个方面,对林语堂诗歌英译中的误译现象进行了分析。

  9. La hermenéutica fenomenológica desde América

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    Graciela Maturo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La presente comunicación sostiene la conveniencia de aplicar a la comprensión e interpretación de América Latina los pasos de una Hermenéutica Fenomenológica, o acaso corresponda decir una Fenomenología Hermenéutica, en una línea que recoge el trabajo filosófico de Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer y Paul Ricoeur. Dentro de un panorama hermenéutico amplio y diversificado, se alude a la importancia de la Fenomenología como paso previo a una Hermenéutica interpretativa, siguiendo a Paul Ricoeur. Se hace referencia al método fenomenológico, que procede a través de sucesivas reducciones o epojés, permitiendo un acceso desprejuiciado a las realidades física, antropológica y social del subcontinente, direccionado a poner en evidencia su propia identidad. En una segunda fase, esa captación desprejuiciada admite y reclama su complementación por una Hermenéutica propiamente dicha, capaz de ampliar ese horizonte de comprensión hacia la Historia y la total experiencia de lo humano. En esta segunda fase se destaca la posibilidad de aplicar una noción básica de toda Hermenéutica, cual es la de Círculo Hermenéutico. No se tratará en consecuencia de una hermenéutica indeterminada sino de la adopción de un pensamiento situado. Interpretar a América Latina desde América Latina sería el horizonte propuesto en esta orientación, dentro de la cual ha dado pasos importantes el filósofo argentino Rodolfo Kusch.

  10. The happy genius of my household: phenomenological and poetic journeys into health and illness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyreman, Stephen

    2011-08-01

    In recent years limitations in the biomedical conceptualisation of health and illness have been well documented and a variety of alternative explanations produced to replace or supplement it. One such is Fredrik Svenaeus's philosophy of medical practice, which is a development of Hans-Georg Gadamer and Martin Heideggers' phenomenological and hermeneutical writings. This paper explores two texts, a short story by H. G. Wells, The Country of the Blind, and a poem by William Carlos Williams, Danse Russe to add further insight into the ideas proposed by Svenaeus. Both texts were written before either Gadamer or Heidegger published their work. Analysis of the texts reveal examples of Heidegger's understanding of 'da-sein', human-being, as the fundamental of human existence-how we relate to our 'life-world'-together with its conditions including the tools we use to engage with and the moods that interpret the world. Emerging from this core relationship of being are the phenomena of health and illness, which are conceptualised as home-like (Heimischkeit) and un-home-like (Unheimlichkeit) being-in-the-world. In the texts the sense of home-like (and un-home-like) being is an ontological 'web of significance', to use Heidegger's phrase, that creates, rather than results from a person's psychological state. One factor that is not fully explicated in the philosophical accounts is the role that behaviour (as the physical-relating of a person) plays as a pre-requisite for agency, the ability to act in taken-for-granted ways. A person's sense of authenticity, the extent to which someone makes their own choices rather than being led by what 'others' say, is linked with their ability to physically engage with and relate to their 'life-world'. Finally, similarities between the ontological wholeness of poetry-the meaning structure of poetry-and of Dasein are noted.

  11. Illness as unhomelike being-in-the-world? Phenomenology and medical practice.

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    Ahlzén, Rolf

    2011-08-01

    Scientific medicine has been successful by ways of an ever more detailed understanding and mastering of bodily functions and dysfunctions. Biomedical research promises new triumphs, but discontent with medical practice is all around. Since several decades this has been acknowledged and discussed. The philosophical traditions of phenomenology and hermeneutics have been proposed as promising ways to approach medical practice, by ways of a richer understanding of the meaning structures of health and illness. In 2000, Swedish philosopher Fredrik Svenaeus published a book where he proposes that the phenomenological hermeneutics of Martin Heidegger and also the reflections on health and illness of Hans-Georg Gadamer offer important ways to approach the nature of medicine. In particular, Svenaeus argues that the goal of medicine is to promote and restore health, and that health ought to be seen as "homelike being-in-the-world". Unhealth, illness, consequently should be understood as a situation where a person's "being-in-the-world" in characterized by that lack of the rhythm, balance and "tune" of everyday living that characterizes not "being at home". In this article, Svenaeus' position is briefly outlined. Questions are raised whether "unhomelikeness" is to be seen as a metaphor, and, if so, if it is a fruitful such. Furthermore, I discuss whether or not a discourse on health and illness in these terms may be misleading in a situation where the ontological presuppositions of Heidegger are lost out of sight and the popular understanding of health psychology predominates. I also approach the question whether Svenaeus' assumptions may inadvertently lead us to an unjustifiably broad understanding of the tasks of medicine. It is finally concluded that Svenaeus phenomenological and hermeneutical approach is both interesting and promising. There are, however, several questions that ought to be pursued further, and the step from philosophical analysis to everyday clinical

  12. Giving children space: A phenomenological exploration of student experiences in space science inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horne, Christopher R.

    This study explores the experiences of 4th grade students in an inquiry-based space science classroom. At the heart of the study lies the essential question: What is the lived experience of children engaged in the process of space science inquiry? Through the methodology of phenomenological inquiry, the author investigates the essence of the lived experience of twenty 4th grade students as well as the reflections of two high school students looking back on their 4th grade space science experience. To open the phenomenon more deeply, the concept of space is explored as an overarching theme throughout the text. The writings of several philosophers including Martin Heidegger and Hans-Georg Gadamer are opened up to understand the existential aspects of phenomenology and the act of experiencing the classroom as a lived human experience. The methodological structure for the study is based largely on the work of Max van Manen (2003) in his seminal work, Researching Lived Experience, which describes a structure of human science research. A narrative based on classroom experiences, individual conversations, written reflections, and group discussion provides insight into the students' experiences. Their stories and thoughts reveal the themes of activity , interactivity, and "inquiractivity," each emerging as an essential element of the lived experience in the inquiry-based space science classroom. The metaphor of light brings illumination to the themes. Activity in the classroom is associated with light's constant and rapid motion throughout the Milky Way and beyond. Interactivity is seen through students' interactions just as light's reflective nature is seen through the illumination of the planets. Finally, inquiractivity is connected to questioning, the principal aspect of the inquiry-based classroom just as the sun is the essential source of light in our solar system. As the era of No Child Left Behind fades, and the next generation of science standards emerge, the

  13. From Quantum Moment to Ritual Moment: Notions of Time and the Development of Theological Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, David Clifton

    1995-01-01

    Discussion of models in theology has become a significant issue since the mid nineteen eighties. Whether in matters of soteriology, ecclesiology, missiology, or liturgy, many theologians have begun to examine the model structures of their specialties. Such an examination can serve as the foundation for scholarly contact with other disciplines, both in the humanities and the sciences, where the analysis of models is already well established. To date, there has been no broadly interdisciplinary inspection of such models and their points of commonality with theological disciplines. This dissertation investigates models (specifically, temporal models) in six different fields: cognitive psychology, hermeneutics, quantum and relativity physics, the philosophy of history and narrative, music, and ritual studies. Within these fields, specific attention is given to the role of symbol systems and metaphoric language, as well as to the phenomenology of temporal experience, in the formulation and development of models of time. The intention is to develop a prospectus for a theological model of time that is epistemologically sound, linguistically clear, and experientially grounded. In the area of cognitive psychology, the work of the biogenetic structuralist school, and that of Jean Piaget, are highlighted. The hermeneutic discussion focuses on the metaphoric studies of George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, as well as the writings of Hans Georg Gadamer. In the areas of quantum and relativity physics, the primary figures considered are Mary Hesse, Ian Barbour, Stephen Hawking, and P. C. W. Davies. History and narrative are approached through the metaphoric and historical analyses of Paul Ricoeur. The phenomenological and musicological issues of musical time are explored, with emphasis on the work of Susannne Langer, Henri Bergson, Jonathan Kramer, and Olivier Messiaen. Ritual notions of time are investigated in the works of Mircea Eliade, Victor Turner, Clifford Geertz, Pierre

  14. Antidiabetic Bis-Maltolato-OxoVanadium(IV: Conversion of inactive trans- to bioactive cis-BMOV for possible binding to target PTP-1B

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    Thomas Scior

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Thomas Scior1, Hans-Georg Mack2, José Antonio Guevara García3, Wolfhard Koch41Departamento de Farmacia. Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Colonia San Manuel, Puebla, Mexico; 2Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Universität Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany; 3Laboratorio de Investigación en Bioinorgánica y Biorremediación (LIByB. Departamento de Ciencias Básicas, Ingeniería y Tecnología, Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, Apizaco, Tlaxcala, Mexico; 4Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza (FESZ, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM, Colonia Ejército de Oriente, Delegación Iztapalapa, Mexico City, MexicoAbstract: The postulated transition of Bis-Maltolato-OxoVanadium(IV (BMOV from its inactive trans- into its cis-aquo-BMOV isomeric form in solution was simulated by means of computational molecular modeling. The rotational barrier was calculated with DFT – B3LYP under a stepwise optimization protocol with STO-3G, 3-21G, 3-21G*, and 6-31G ab initio basis sets. Our computed results are consistent with reports on the putative molecular mechanism of BMOV triggering the insulin-like cellular response (insulin mimetic as a potent inhibitor of the protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (PTP-1B. Initially, trans-BMOV is present in its solid dosage form but in aqueous solution, and during oral administration, it is readily converted into a mixture of “open-type” and “closed-type” complexes of cis-aquo-BMOV under equilibrium conditions. However, in the same measure as the “closed-type” complex binds to the cytosolic PTP-1B, it disappears from solution, and the equilibrium shifts towards the “closed-type” species. In full accordance, the computed binding mode of cis-BMOV is energetically favored over sterically hindered trans-BMOV. In view of our earlier report on prodrug hypothesis of vanadium organic compounds the present results suggest that cis-BMOV is the bioactive species

  15. Self-knowledge in the process of interpreting philosophical texts

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    A. V. Kulik

    2016-08-01

    , Hans-Georg Gadamer and Martin Heidegger’s theories we state that the interpretation of somebody’s own ideas does not make big problems with taking into account factors that have influenced the process of thoughts formation and context of creating ideas. We show how this approach to interpretation of reading philosophical text diverges from the other ones. Moreover, we argue that there is a relation of our theoretical model to Socratic maieutics, although we describe differences between them too.

  16. Ekspresionizmo apibrėžtys ir tyrinėjimai XX a. vokiečių literatūros kritikoje | Definitionen und Darstellungsformen des Expressionismus in der deutschen Literaturkritik des 20. Jahrhunderts

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    Jadvyga Bajarūnienė

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Die deutsche Literatur des 20. Jahrhunderts ist entscheidend durch den Expressionismus (1910–1925 geprägt. Seine Formierung und Entfaltung wurde von Anfang an von einer starken theoretischen Reflexion begleitet. Das wesentliche Merkmal der zeitgenössischen Manifeste und Dokumente war die Bestrebung, den Expressionismus von den anderen Richtungen und Tendenzen der Zeit abzugrenzen und die Andersartigkeit der „Ausdruckskunst“ hervorzuheben. Die Bezeichnungen des Expressionismus wurden vielfach durch die Schlagwörter „Wesen“, „Bewegung“, „Vision“, „der neue Mensch“ u. a. bestimmt. Im Jahre 1933 wurde die Rezeption des Expressionismus in Deutschland zwangsweise unterbrochen und konnte erst nach 1945 wieder einsetzen.Die Darstellungsformen des Expressionismus in der deutschen Literaturkritik richteten sich je nach der dominierenden Literaturmethode. So rückt am Ende der 50er und in den 60er Jahren unter dem Einfluss der werkimmanenten Kritik die Stil- und Formfrage in den Vordergrund. Man versucht, die stilistischen Dominanten der einzelnen Gattungen sowie des individuellen Schaffens einzelner Autoren herauszuarbeiten. Jedoch zeichnet sich auch die Tendenz ab, die Literatur des Expressionismus im Zusammenhang mit anderen Bereichen der Kunst (Malerei und Musik, derWissenschaft (Philosophie, Soziologie, der Technik zu betrachten. Die 70er Jahre gelten in der deutschen Literaturwissenschaft als eine Kulmination der Expressionismusforschung. Silvio Vietta und Hans-Georg Kemper modifizieren zum Teil den Begriff und meinen, dass man die Literatur des Expressionismus nicht aus dem Epochenzusammenhang lösen darf. Der Expressionismus kann erst im Kontext der zeitgenössischen Wissenschaft, Philosophie, Soziologie und Massenkultur adäquat erschlossen werden; am sinnvollsten erscheint dabei die hermeneutische Methode. Wolfgang Rothe ist der Ansicht, dass der Expressionismus keineswegs nur als ein auf die Sprachkunst beschr

  17. Pensar arriscado: a relação entre filosofia e educação

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    Nadja Hermann

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi produzido no âmbito de uma sessão especial da Associação Nacional de Pós-graduação em Educação (ANPEd a respeito das relações entre a filosofia, a história, a psicologia e a sociologia da educação. Discute, primeiramente, a relação de familiaridade da filosofia com a educação, apontando seu vínculo originário, iniciado no mundo grego, sob a rubrica de fundamentos da educação, para, então, explicitar um movimento de afastamento provocado pela cientificização da pedagogia. Com o avanço dos processos de modernização e o êxito do conhecimento científico, a área dos fundamentos sofreu os impactos da racionalidade científica, sendo os resultados cada vez mais incontestáveis e que destituem o saber metafísico. Tal impacto, contudo, não desautorizou a despedida da filosofia, mas provocou uma mudança conceitual e de seu papel na relação com a educação e a cultura. A área então assume uma posição mais humilde diante das ciências e de outras expressões simbólicas, dialogando e interpretando os paradoxos e as tensões geradas pelas nossas relações com o mundo. A partir dessa abordagem, o artigo encaminha duas sugestões para a relação entre filosofia e educação. A primeira, apoiada na hermenêutica de Hans-Georg Gadamer e na racionalidade transversal de Wolfgang Welsch, retoma a perspectiva dos novos diálogos científicos, chamados de interdisciplinaridade, como um modo de superar os limites da especialização e de atender a complexidade das questões educacionais. Na segunda sugestão, indica-se a posição de Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht a respeito da relevância das humanidades para desenvolver um pensamento arriscado, capaz de produzir complexidades nas análises que iluminem as questões educacionais.

  18. Networked Print Production: Does JDF Provide a Perfect Workflow?

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    Bernd Zipper

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The "networked printing works" is a well-worn slogan used by many providers in the graphics industry and for the past number of years printing-works manufacturers have been working on the goal of achieving the "networked printing works". A turning point from the concept to real implementation can now be expected at drupa 2004: JDF (Job Definition Format and thus "networked production" will form the center of interest here. The first approaches towards a complete, networked workflow between prepress, print and postpress in production are already available - the products and solutions will now be presented publicly at drupa 2004. So, drupa 2004 will undoubtedly be the "JDF-drupa" - the drupa where machines learn to communicate with each other digitally - the drupa, where the dream of general system and job communication in the printing industry can be first realized. CIP3, which has since been renamed CIP4, is an international consortium of leading manufacturers from the printing and media industry who have taken on the task of integrating processes for prepress, print and postpress. The association, to which nearly all manufacturers in the graphics industry belong, has succeeded with CIP3 in developing a first international standard for the transmission of control data in the print workflow.Further development of the CIP4 standard now includes a more extensive "system language" called JDF, which will guarantee workflow communication beyond manufacturer boundaries. However, not only data for actual print production will be communicated with JDF (Job Definition Format: planning and calculation data for MIS (Management Information systems and calculation systems will also be prepared. The German printing specialist Hans-Georg Wenke defines JDF as follows: "JDF takes over data from MIS for machines, aggregates and their control desks, data exchange within office applications, and finally ensures that data can be incorporated in the technical workflow

  19. PREFACE: 12th International Symposium on Multiscale, Multifunctional and Functionally Graded Materials (FGM 2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zhangjian; Li, Jingfeng; Zhang, Lianmeng; Ge, Changchun

    2013-03-01

    Technology, and was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China. On behalf of the organizing committee of FGM-2012, I express my great appreciation to their support of the symposium. Nearly 100 scholars and students from Japan, Brazil, Germany, Russia, United States of America, Portugal, France, Switzerland, Turkey, Singapore, China, and so on, attended FGM-2012, and 57 of the presented papers were collected and selected for publication. The subjects of these papers cover simulation and characterization, advanced fabrication technology, novel application of FGM and layer materials. I cordially thank all of the authors and attendees for their support, and my appreciation is also given to the advisory committee, organizing committee, and the conference volunteers for their hard work. Professor Zhangjian Zhou Proceedings Editor Beijing, December 2012 Committees International Advisory Committee Professor Glaucio H Paulino, USA Professor Marek-Jerzy Pindera, USA Professor Jeong-Ho Kim, USA Professor Emer Fazil Erdogan, USA Professor Dr Monika Willert-Porada, Germany Professor Emer Wolfgang G J Bunk, Germany Professor Omer Van Der Biest, Belgium Professor Michael M Gasik, Finland Professor Evgeny Levashov, Russia Professor Lianmeng Zhang, China Professor Qingjie Zhang, China Professor Wei Pan, China Professor Chang-Chun Ge, China Professor Jing-Feng Li, China Professor Zhangjian Zhou, China Associate Professor Serkan Dag, Turkey Professor Fernando A Rochinha, Brazil Professor Emilio C N Silva, Brazil Professor Luis August Rocha, Portugal Dr Sasa Novak, Slovenia Dr Masayuki Niino, Japan Professor Akira Kawasaki, Japan Professor Ichiro Shiota, Japan Dr Akinaga Kumakawa, Japan Dr Yoshikazu Shinohara, Japan Professor Kiyotaka Matsuura, Japan Professor Yoshinari Miyamoto, Japan Professor Takashi Goto, Japan Professor Yoshimi Watanabe, Japan Professor Kazuhiro Hasezaki, Japan Professor Soshu Kirihara, Japan Professor Emer Toshio Hirai, Japan Mr Choji Endou, Japan Dr

  20. Whole-body electromyostimulation and protein supplementation favorably affect sarcopenic obesity in community-dwelling older men at risk: the randomized controlled FranSO study

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    Kemmler W

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Wolfgang Kemmler,1 Anja Weissenfels,1 Marc Teschler,1 Sebastian Willert,1 Michael Bebenek,1 Mahdieh Shojaa,1 Matthias Kohl,2 Ellen Freiberger,3 Cornel Sieber,3 Simon von Stengel1 1Institute of Medical Physics, Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany; 2Faculty of Medical and Life Science, University of Furtwangen, Schwenningen, Germany; 3Institute of Biomedicine of Aging, Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Nürnberg, Germany Background: Sarcopenic obesity (SO is a geriatric syndrome characterized by the disproportion between the amount of lean mass and fat mass. Exercise decreases fat and maintains muscle mass; however, older people fail to exercise at doses sufficient to affect musculoskeletal and cardiometabolic risk factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS, a time-efficient, joint-friendly and highly individualized exercise technology, on sarcopenia and SO in older men. Materials and methods: A total of 100 community-dwelling northern Bavarian men aged ≥70 years with sarcopenia and obesity were randomly (1–1–1 assigned to either 16 weeks of 1 WB-EMS and protein supplementation (WB-EMS&P, 2 isolated protein supplementation or 3 nonintervention control. WB-EMS consisted of 1.5×20 min (85 Hz, 350 µs, 4 s of strain to 4 s of rest applied with moderate-to-high intensity while moving. We further generated a daily protein intake of 1.7–1.8 g/kg/body mass per day. The primary study end point was Sarcopenia Z-Score, and the secondary study end points were body fat rate (%, skeletal muscle mass index (SMI and handgrip strength. Results: Intention-to-treat analysis determined a significantly favorable effect of WB-EMS&P (P<0.001 and protein (P=0.007 vs control. Both groups significantly (P<0.001 lost body fat (WB-EMS&P: 2.1%; protein: 1.1% and differed significantly (P≤0.004 from control (0.3%. Differences between WB

  1. Kant y el Romanticismo

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    Juan Sebastián Ballén Rodríguez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio se enmarca dentro de una larga investigación titulada Las vías de acceso al concepto de intuición estética de la Crítica del Juicio. Bajo la dirección de la doctora Carmenza neira, esta indagación tiene por prioridad rastrear las diferentes maneras de abordar la semántica de la intuición en el marco analítico de la tercera crítica kantiana. En diálogo con los intérpretes Ernst Cassirer, Hans-Georg Gadamer y Guille Deleuze, la aproximación sigue de cerca los estudios analíticos sobre el gusto, la belleza, la deducción trascendental del juicio de gusto con la teoría del genio y el juicioteleológico. Ahora bien, lo que viene a continuación se propone, en principio, dotar de suelo concreto a las principales nociones y movimientos lógicos que obedecen a la indagación trascendental del juicio estético. son abordados aquí de manera resumida las categorías estéticas de belleza natural, símbolo, sentido común, genio y juicio teleológico. Estas mismas nociones son estudiadas dentro del equívoco contexto pictórico y poético del romanticismo. Con esta presentación se explora el alcance que generó en medio del estruendo y la agitación romántica, gran parte de las investigaciones kantianas sobre el juicio estético. A partir del despliegue de las diferentes estéticas vividas en el romanticismo, es como se prolonga relexivamente la estética kantiana. Queda igualmente como ejercicio deliberativo, la puesta en práctica del razonamiento estético, que no es del tipo universalista (como el juicio lógico ni tampoco del tipo particularista (como el juicio empírico. Combina ambos momentos en lo que se conoce en teoría estética kantiana, como razonamiento relexivo-teleológico, que bajo el movimiento de subsunción subjetivo-general se propone comprender lo universal en la situación particular. El juicio estético que aquí opera es el misterioso universal concreto que propone Kant en la Crítica del

  2. Lavakujunduse nähtamatust olekust. Mängu esteetika lavaruumi loomisel / The Invisible Dimension of Scenography. Aesthetics of Play in Creating Stage Space

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    Liina Unt

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The comparison between theatre and playing has spread on many levels, from metaphors to sayings, aesthetic concepts to deterministic models. This paper examines scenography as an active play environment. Play, in the context of theatre space, is defined according to the classical characteristic features of playing: spatial and temporal limits, fictionality that runs in parallel with everyday reality, and direct involvement.  The paper focuses on the specific aspects of play environment as it appears in the Tartu New Theatre’s performances of „The Death of the Author“ and „The Beatles of Vanemuine“. Both productions are set in fictional locations with a visually static set design. Both are unique in that different locations are created without changing the physical space on stage – places appear and disappear through the performances, created by an odd textual allusion or two, or the audience’s imagination. The changes can be understood through the audience’s corporal perception, which this paper interprets using Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenological concept of corporeity.  Using Tartu New Theatre’s stage practice and Hans-Georg Gadamer’s hermeneutic aesthetics, the paper aims to answer the question: what is the aesthetic structure of such stage environments and how can an environmental experience be created, if the direct interference in space is minimal. Gadamer’s aesthetic concept revolves around play, interpreting works of art as a structure, a meaningful whole that can be presented and comprehended repeatedly. However, he qualifies that the structure, itself, is also a play as, despite a theoretic unity, it only exists when it is played. In this case, the scenography becomes an environment with open meanings, where attributing meaning and function happens through the agreements made during the act of playing, which don’t necessarily also imply physical changes to the environment. The environment is an agreed-upon space

  3. Conus hip prosthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, H; Wagner, M

    2001-01-01

    today, there is no established answer to the question whether, over the course of many years, cement ages and becomes friable, a process that may have major implications for young patients. For this reason, ways of reliably fixing the prosthesis in the bone without methacrylate cement were also explored at the same time. Valuable pioneering work in this field was carried out with uncemented dental implants made of titanium and with a roughened surface. With these implants, the phenomenon of osseointegration, i.e. the deposition of bone directly on the roughened metal surface without any intervening connective tissue, was observed. This phenomenon has also been utilised successfully in hip prostheses: if artificial hips made of titanium alloy with a coarse-blasted surface and with a high primary mechanical stability are placed in the bone, osseointegration also occurs. In parallel with this development, Willert, from Göttingen, identified the most important cause of loosening of the prosthesis: he established that, when an artificial joint articulates, very fine particles of polyethylene are eroded from the prosthetic cup when the surfaces of the joint glide over one another and that these are only partially removed by the lymphatic system. A large proportion of the particles accumulates in the artificial joint and in the gap between the prosthesis and the bone, giving rise to foreign body granulomata, which resorb bone thus leading to loosening. The number of eroded particles is considerable. In 1998, Patricia Campbell, from Los Angeles, showed that 470,000 particles per step were produced from an articulation between a metal head and a polyethylene cup. This huge number gives an indication how small these particles are, since the linear erosion of the polyethylene surface only amounts to about 0.1 to 0.2 mm a year. This relatively recent recognition of "particle disease" has led to the investigation of other materials, which produce fewer erosion particles, for

  4. [Man and his fellow-creatures under ethical aspects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teutsch

    1999-01-01

    to animals presented in such completeness and thoroughness, together with the distance and objectivity originating in the legal stance. The book is of invaluable significance in particular for the commentators of the German animal protection law as amended in 1998: For the first time, they are now in a position to draw from an abundance of facts and evaluations relevant to animal protection. It appears as a fortunate circumstance in this context, that not only the traditional Lorz-commentary is being continued (Albert Lorz and Ernst Metzger: "Tierschutzgesetz" [Animal Protection Law], commentary, 5th edition) but also a completely new commentary is being developed by the team of Hans Georg Kluge, ed., Antoine F. Goetschel, Jörg Hartung, Eisenhart von Loeper, Jost Dietrich Ort and Kerstin Reckwell: "Kommentar zum Tierschutzgesetz" (Commentary to the Animal Protection Law). "Moral Status" is not only the title of an important investigation by Mary Anne Warren (in the introductory chapter she describes and evaluates the basics of the Status-discussion to date) but also a topic singularly dominating the scientific discourse. Out of rejection or reservation regarding the biocentrical position of Albert Schweitzer or Paul W. Taylor, time after time new restricting concepts have been introduced. In the same way, the criterion of the ability to suffer as developed by Bentham was considered by some as too far reaching. In considering animals ethically the line can be drawn so tightly that, aside from apes and maybe some large marine mammals, the whole of the animal kingdom can be degraded to at best, the ecological worthy resources of man; and all this without being suspected of an adversary position to animal protection. At times, the impression arises that science is seeking and finding ever new hurdles in order to keep the number of morally considered fellow-creatures as small as possible. Following common opinion, even animals with moral status are only entitled to

  5. Photovoltaic solar energy. Proceedings; Photovoltaische Solarenergie. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    and limits (Mike Meinhardt); (17) Washing with the sun - Direct consumption of locally generated PV current by means of directed load shift in private households (Georg Bopp); (18) Efficiency by synergy. Export initiative renewable energies (Berthold Breid); (19) Modular PV power supply in the Empire of the Midth (Michael Wollny); (20) Breakthrough to a new era of PV hybrid systems with the help of standardised components communication? (Michael Mueller); (21) New PV stand-alone supply for frequency variable loads (Wolfgang Hernschier); (22) Characterization of solar batteries in long-term investigations according IEC 61427 (Wolfgang Wiesner); (23) Professional PV plant configuration - the status quo of the PV prpgrams (Mike Zehner); (24) Simulating renewable power projects with greenius{sup Free} (Volker Quaschning); (25) Analysis of the effect of shade and equivalent circuit of PV modules with the simulation software ''Solar Pro'' (Yusuke Mataki); (26) From data sheet values to the system gain - on realistic modelling of small PV generators (Hans Georg Beyer); (27) Form follows function - follows form function? - Ineractions between building functions and photovoltaic (Wolfgang Willkomm); (28) Market chances and technology perspectives for the Swiss facade construction by means of building integrated PV systems (Reto Miloni); (29) Passiv solar office building BIOHAUS Paderborn - architectonic overview and a first energy balance (Willi Ernst, Ralf Zirkler); (30) Building integration and education in Austria (Gernot Becker); (31) Photovoltaic and light (Thomas Herzog); (32) 10 years of test experience with the certification of design of photovoltaic modules (Andreas Cox); (32) Large size solar cells and the IEC 61215 - New challenges for the module junction (Eckehard Hofmueller); (33) Limits of power output optimisation of PV arrays by pre-sorting of PV modules (Werner Herrmann); (34) Coloured and patterned CIS modules (Dieter Geyer); (35) Energy

  6. 16th international conference on the physics of highly charged ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritzsche, Stephan; Stöhlker, Thomas; Surzhykov, Andrey

    2013-09-01

    , experimental developments and applications. All papers were refereed by senior delegates to the conference, and we like to thank all of them for their work and rapid response. The next conference in this series will be held in Bariloche, Argentina, at the beginning of September 2014 for which we wish the organizers great success. Looking forward seeing you again in 2014. Acknowledgments Much of the success of the conference was due to the continuous support of the Advisory Board, the Local Organization Committee and the financial support by various academic and industrial sponsors. In particular, we wish to acknowledge the generous support by the Wilhelm-and-Else Heraeus Foundation, The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) and the Heidelberg Center for Quantum Dynamics. We thank all of them, and especially Stefanie Lüttges and Natali Jurina and her team from UniTT Conference Management. The assistance of Hans-Georg Siebig is very much appreciated. Finally, many thanks also to the post-graduate students from the Department of Physics and Astronomy in Heidelberg, who helped with customizing the conference site and running the audio-visual equipment.