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Sample records for buah mengkudu morinda

  1. PENGARUH VARIASI KONSENTRASI BUAH MENGKUDU (Morinda citrifolia TERHADAP MORTALITAS HAMA KEONG MAS (Pomacea caniculata L. SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR BIOLOGI

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    Sukmanah Chomsun

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This Reseach aims to study the effect of variation and dose morinda fruit that most effective applicable to mortality gold snail disease, to use product of research as design source study of biologi Junior High School class VIII. Researching on education Laboratory Muhammadiyah Metro of University at November 2012. The design of research employs analisis of varians non-parametrik with Kruskal-Wallis test with four treatments an three time replication. First treatments is control (not having dose, second consentration 50gr/L, third consentration 100gr/L, and fouth consentration 150 gr/L. Product of research to indicated morinda fruit effective to mortality gold snail  disease. Indication is transformation of occured such as descend activity of consume food and mobility, operculum to close, having mucus, not respons, and according  part soft of body to transformation of color to be chalky color or bad color, body of snail to exit for the hard outer layer of body skin, and the gold snail floating on a top suface. This condition indicate that a chemical composite saponin in morinda fruit to affect the process of chemical in a organism, central nerve, and respiration of gold snail. Kata Kunci: Buah mengkudu, mortalitas keong mas, sumber belajar biologi.

  2. PENGUKURAN KANDUNGAN SKOPOLETIN PADA BEBERAPA TINGKAT KEMATANGAN BUAH MENGKUDU (Morinda citrifolia Linn DENGAN METODE KLT DENSITOMETRI

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    Diana Nurus Sholehah

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Morinda citrifolia fruit has been used as remedies in Indonesia because many diseases could be healed. Scopoletin, one of major component of Morinda citrifolia was chosen as  marker compound because of  its various activites such as  hypotensive, antiinflamatory and antihistamine. The research aimed to determinate scopoletin in some maturations stage of Morinda citrifolia fruit in order to get best fruit for traditional medicine and phytopharmaca with optimal therapeutical effect . A simple and reliable TLC-Densitometry which has been validated before, was choosen to this aim. Fruit at stage 1,2,3 and 4 were taken  20, 45, 105 and 120 days after flowering. TLC was held on silica gel plates as stationary and ether : toluene : acetic acid 10 % (58:45:0,4 as mobile phase of fruit at stage 1, 2 and 4 and also ether : toluene : acetic acid 10 % (58:45:0,8 as mobile phase of fruit at stage 3.  Mean concentration of scopoletin at stage 1 was found to be (10,72±0,45 ppm, stage 2 was found to be (19,19±0,68 ppm, stage 3 found to be (57,94±0,79 ppm and stage 4 (14,11±0,39 ppm respectively.

  3. Buah Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia Meningkatkan Respon Imun Mencit (Mus musculus Terhadap Infeksi Bakteri Staphylococcus aureus

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    Mufidah Zumrotul

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Noni (Morinda citrifolia Increase Immune Response in Mice (Mus musculus Infected Staphylococcus aureus. Infection disease caused by bacteria is one of the illness in several developing countries including in Indonesia, with high mortality rate. Infection of  S. aureus as the cause of problem resistance for antibiotic or multi drug resistance are giving the therapy of drug itself with change to medical herbal. The aim of this study is known the role of M.citrifolia extract to increase immune response of mice with infectioned of S. aureus. Mice were divided into two groups there are Non Infection and infection. Non Infection is without S. aureus and than infection has S. aureus. The each groups are including control, dose 1 (25 mg/kg BW, dose 2 (100 mg/kg BW, and dose 3 (300 mg/kg BW. Relative number of lymphocyte T cell (CD4+ subsets was measured  using the BD FACSCaliburTM Flowcytometer. Data were analyzed using Analysis of Varians (p<0,05 and using SPSS 16 for windows. The result showed that administration of  M. citrifolia crude extract in non infection groups was significantly increase the relative amounts T cell subsets (CD4+. Noni fruit extract can used as prevention therapy on infection disease of S. aureus bacteria because it contains active compounds that are anti-inflammation

  4. KOMPISISI MINYAK BIJI MENGKUDU (Morinda citrifolia L. [Oil Composition of Mengkudu (Morinda Citrofolia L Seeds

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    K H Timotius

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia L. seeds were macerated or Soxhlet-extracted with various extractants (MeOH, EtAc, Chl : MeOH (2:1, v/v, hexane, and petroleum ether. Fatty acid profile was determined by using GC-MS.The amount of total lipid was varied from 4 - 8 % (w/w of seed weight depends on the extraction method and the polarity of extractant. The obtained major fatty acids were linoleic acid ( 55-63 % of the total fatty acid methyl esters followed by oleic acid, palmitic acid, and stearic acid. Chromatography on a silica column with solvent of increasing polarity yielded 85 % neutral lipids, 10 % glycolipids, and 5 % phospholipids.

  5. Aktivitas Imunomodulator Ekstrak Buah Mengkudu pada Mencit yang Diinfeksi Staphylococcus aureus (IMMUNOMODULATORS ACTIVITY OF NONI (MORINDA CITRIFOLIA L. FRUIT EXTRACT IN MICE INFECTED WITH STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS

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    Zumrotul Mufidah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aim was to determine the immunomodulatory activity of noni (Morinda citrifolia L. fruitextract in mice infected with Staphylococcus aureus. Mice were divided into two group :  non-infected  andinfected. Non Infected group was without S. aureus infection whereas the infected group was infected withS. aureus. Group contain control, dose 1 (25 mg/kg BW, dose 2 (100 mg/kg BW, and dose 3 (300 mg/kg BW.Oral treatment carried out for 20 days in every morning and each sample was injected with  S. aureus atday 21 with 109 cell/mL. Relative number of T cell (CD4+, CD4+CD25+, and cytokine interferon-ã fromCD4+ T cell (CD4+IFN-ã+ subsets was measured using the BD FACSCaliburTM Flowcytometer. Data wereanalyzed by using Analysis of Varians (p<0,05 and SPSS 16 for windows. The result showed thatadministration of noni crude extract was significantly change the relative number of CD4+, CD4+IFN-ã+,and CD4+CD25+ T cells. Treatment of noni crude extract in non-infection group could increase  relativenumber of CD4+, CD4+IFN-ã+  and CD4+CD25+ T cells that might be caused by active compounds of noni asmitogen.  Giving of noni crude extract in infected group could reduce  the relative number of CD4+, CD4+CD25+and CD4+IFN-ã+ T cells due to it  active compounds as anti-inflamation. Noni fruit extract can be used aspreventive therapy on S. aureus infection  because it contains active compounds as an anti-inflammationeffect.

  6. Pengaruh Variasi Bahan Pra Mordan pada Pewarnaan Batik Menggunakan Akar Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia

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    Farida Farida

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKPenelitian Pengaruh Variasi Bahan Pra Mordan pada Pewarnaan Batik Menggunakan Akar Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh bahan pra mordan pada pewarnaan batik menggunakan akar mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksperimen dengan variasi bahan pra mordan (tawas, tawas-jambal, tawas-kemiri dan pH pencelupan (asam, basa, netral. Batik yang telah diwarnai dengan ekstrak akar mengkudu kemudian diuji arah dan ketahanan luntur warnanya. Dari pengujian didapatkan hasil arah warna batik cokelat kemerahan sampai cokelat muda, sedangkan nilai rata-rata ketahanan luntur terhadap pencucian adalah 4 (baik dan gosokan basah 4 (baik. Dari kegiatan ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa penambahan kayu jambal dan kemiri sebagai bahan pra mordan dibarengi pengaturan pH pada pewarnaan batik dengan ekstrak akar mengkudu memberikan variasi arah warna serta nilai ketahanan luntur warna terhadap pencucian dan gosokan basah dengan hasil rata-rata baik. Perlakuan dengan pra mordan tawas-kemiri dengan kondisi derajat keasaman netral memberikan hasil paling baik pada ketahanan luntur warna terhadap pencucian dan gosokan. Kata kunci: pra mordan, pH pencelupan, akar mengkudu, ketahanan luntur warna, arah warna, batik  ABSTRACTEffect of Pre Mordant Materials Variety on Batik Dyeing Using Morinda Root (Morinda citrifolia research was aimed to determine the effect of pre mordant materials in batik dyeing using the roots of morinda (Morinda citrifolia. The method used was experimental with variations including pre mordant materials (alum, alum-jambal, alum-kemiri and dyeing acidity (acid, base, neutral. Batik that had colored with morinda root extract then tested by the color shades and fastness properties. From the test results it was obtained that the color shades were reddish brown to light brown, while the average value of fastness to washing and rubbing were 4 (good. It can be concluded that the addition of

  7. PENGARUH KONSENTRASI PERASAN MENGKUDU (Morinda citrofilia Linn TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN Shygella disenteriae

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    Diah Ariana

    2017-09-01

    Abstract Mengkudu (Morinda citrofilia Linn Indonesia is known as a medicinal plant that can treat a variety of diseases. This study  to determine the effect of noni juice concentration on the growth of Shigella dysenteriae, the bacteria that causes the disease shigellosis (bacillary dysentery. The design of this study used an experimental design to test laboratory, noni juice obtained by weighing 100g were still ripe noni fruit (puti yellowish color and texture is still hard and washed, blender 100gr noni plus 100ml of sterile distilled water, filtered with sterile gauze and then Stril put in a test tube, back in autoclav sterilized for 15 minutes at a temperature of 1210C that noni juice is really sterile. Inhibition test with freshly made juice dilution method at concentrations of 100%, 50%, 25%, 12.5%, 6.25%, 3.13%, 1.57% and 0.78%, followed planted in the media Muller Hinton Shigella to know whether it is growing or not growing, Statistical data analysis using Chisquer test on α = 0.05. The test results showed λ2 Chisquer count> λ2 table, then Ho is rejected. The results showed 12.5% of concentration - 100% can inhibit the growth of Shigella dysenteriae while the concentration of 0.78% - 6.25% solid not inhibit the growth of Shigella dysenteriae, so it can be concluded that the noni (Morinda citrofilia Linn can inhibit the growth of Shigella dysenteriae and noni efficiently used for dysentery patients because of the concentration of 12.5% was able to inhibit the growth of Shygella dysenteriae. Keywords: Mengkudu (Morinda citrofilia Linn , Shigella dysenteriae

  8. Optimal binary solvent extraction system for phenolic antioxidants from mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia) fruit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thoo, Yin Yin; Ho, Swee Kheng; Abas, Faridah; Lai, Oi Ming; Ho, Chun Wai; Tan, Chin Ping

    2013-06-14

    Antioxidants have been widely used in the food industry to enhance product quality by preventing oxidation of susceptible substances. This work was carried out to maximise the recovery of total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical-scavenging capacity and 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging capacity from Morinda citrifolia fruit via modification of the ethanol concentration, extraction time and extraction temperature at minimal processing cost. The optimised conditions yielded values of 881.57 ± 17.74 mg GAE/100 g DW for TPC, 552.53 ± 34.16 mg CE/100 g DW for TFC, 799.20 ± 2.97 µmol TEAC/100 g DW for ABTS and 2,317.01 ± 18.13 µmol TEAC/100 g DW for DPPH were 75% ethanol, 40 min of time and 57 °C. The four responses did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) from predicted values, indicating that models obtained are suitable to the optimisation of extraction conditions for phenolics from M. citrifolia. The relative amounts of flavonoids were 0.784 ± 0.01 mg quercetin/g of extract and 1.021 ± 0.04 mg rutin/g of extract. On the basis of the results obtained, M. citrifolia extract can be used as a valuable bioactive source of natural antioxidants.

  9. MEMPELAJARI KARAKTERISTIK SARI BUAH DARI MENGKUDU (Morinda citrifolia Linn. YANG DIHASILKAN MELALUI FERMENTASI [Characteristic of Noni (Morinda citrifolia Linn Fruit Juice Produced by Fermentation

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    Ivonne P Kusuma3

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Fermentation is one of the methods to get noni juice. In this research, noni is fermented in hanged system and submerged system for 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks. The result showed the longer fermentation increased pH, alcohol content, turbidity, viscosity, microbial content, and decrease ascorbic acid and acid content, soluble solid content, color and flavor acceptance. Differennt system fermentation affected percent yield, soluble solid content, turbidity of juice, panels opinion to color significantly. Noni juice of submerged system has higher percent yield, higher soluble solid content, turbidity, but provided lighter color than noni juice of hanged system. Juice of submerged system is better than hanged system. Juice from three weeks fermentation indicated changes of metabolism activity which is shown by some characteristic changes. Fruit juice made by submerged fermentation system had more diverse compounds than fruit juice without fermentation.

  10. Pengaruh Penggunaan Tepung Buah Mengkudu terhadap Bobot Organ Pencernaan Ayam Pedaging

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    Nurhayati Nurhayati

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Effect of noni fruit powder on digestive organs weight of broiler chickens ABSTRACT. The experiment aimed to determine the effect of using Noni fruit powder (NFP up to 10 percent in the ration on digestive organs weight of male broiler chickens fed commercial feed. A hundred day old male broiler chickens were used in this experiment. Chickens were divided into five treatment groups; R0 (control, chickens fed commercial feed without offering NFP, R1 (the ration contained 2.5 % of NFP, R2 (the ration contained 5 % of NFP, R3 (the ration contained 7.5 % of NFP and R4 (the ration contained 10 % of NFP. Each treatment group was replicated 4 times. Chickens were housed in the colony cages where 5 chickens each. The ration and drinking water were offered ad libitum. Parameters measured were feed intake, slaughter weight, gizzard weight, liver weight, small intestine weight and length. The results showed that using Noni fruit powder in the ration up to 10 percent caused no significant different effect on all parameters. It concluded that Noni fruit powder can be mixed into the ration up to 10 percent without any adverse effect on the digestive organs.

  11. Identifikasi dan Kelimpahan Lalat Buah Bactrocera pada Berbagai Buah Terserang

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    Dyah Rini Indriyanti; Yanuarti Nur Isnaini; Bambang Priyono

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian bertujuan mengidentifikasi spesies dan kelimpahan Bactrocera yang menyerang berbagai buah di Kecamtan Demak dan Dempet Kabupaten Demak. Penelitian menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Penelitian dilakukan dengan mengambil 5 macam buah yang terserang (jambu air, belimbing, jambu biji, melinjo dan mangga), pengambilan data faktor klimatik dilakukan pada saat pengambilan sampel. Buah terserang kemudian dilakukan rearing, Bactrocera spp yang didapat dilakukan identifikasi. Bactrocera...

  12. PENGEMBANGAN BOOKLET PEMBUATAN YOGHURT KULIT BUAH NAGA UNTUK PARA PETANI BUAH BERBASIS PADA HASIL PENELITIAN

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    W.F Edi Hanzen

    2016-11-01

    Masyarakat belum memanfaatkan kulit buah naga dan hanya dibuang sebagai limbah. Pemanfaatan limbah kulit buah naga untuk produk olahan dalam rangka penganekaragaman pangan sampai saat ini masih belum dilakukan. Kulit buah naga memiliki kandungan nutrisi yang bermanfaat untuk pertumbuhan bakteri asam laktat. Salah satu bentuk makanan olahan dengan bahan dasar kulit buah naga dengan memanfaatkan bakteri asam laktat ialah yoghurt kulit buah naga. Booklet ini disusun berdasarkan hasil penelitian mengenai pembuatan yoghurt kulit buah naga. Booklet disusun untuk komunitas petani buah. Booklet berisi materi-materi tentang manfaat yoghurt dan petunjuk pembuatan yoghurt, alat dan bahan yang digunakan untuk membuat yoghurt, cara mengemas yoghurt dan strategi pemasaran yoghurt. Metode penelitian pengembangan ialah metode observasional dengan urutan langkah seperti yang dijelaskan oleh Hannafin dan Peck (1998. Hasil validasi dari para validator dan uji keterbacaan booklet oleh masyarakat petani buah  menunjukkan bahwa booklet yang disusun memiliki kualifikasi sangat menarik, sangat sesuai, dan sangat efektif untuk digunakan. Booklet yang dikembangkan layak digunakan dan dapat disebarluaskan sebagai media penyuluhan kepada masyarakat petani buah.

  13. PENGARUH EKSTRAK BUAH PISANG dan EKSTRAK BUAH ALPUKAT TERHADAP KADAR KOLESTEROL MENCIT BETINA

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    Nur Setianingsih

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian ekstrak daging buah alpukat (Persea americana Mill dan ekstrak daging buah pisang cavendish (Musa cavendishii terhadap kadar kolesterol total mencit. Penelitian ini menggunakan 24 ekor mencit betina yang memiliki berat badan antara 35-45 g. Hewan coba dikelompokkan menjadi empat kelompok sebagai berikut, P1:Kontrol diberi aquades; P2: diberi ekstrak buah pisang; P3: perlakuan yang diberi ekstrak buah alpukat; P4; perlakuan yang diberi ekstrak buah pisang dan ekstrak buah alpukat. Ekstrak diberikan selama 5 hari secara per oral sebanyak 2 ml dengan dosis masing-masing ekstrak 6,6 g. Darah diambil dari jantung mencit kemudian diukur kadar kolesterol menggunakan alat cholesterol check . Hasil menunjukkan bahwa tidak terjadi peningkatan yang berarti pada kadar kolesterol total  mencit. Kadar kolesterol mencit yaitu  P1: 148,33mg/dL; P2: 148,83mg/dL; P3: 148,83mg/dL; P4: 148,83mg/dL. Hal tersebut mengindikasi bahwa tidak ada pengaruh pemberian ekstrak daging buah alpukat (Persea americana Mill dan ekstrak daging buah pisang cavendish (Musa cavendishii terhadap kadar kolesterol mencit.

  14. [Study on the fingerprint of anthraquinone components of Morinda officinalis].

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    Zhong, Cheng; Xu, Xiao-Feng

    2012-07-01

    To establish HPLC fingerprint analysis methods of anthraquinone components of Morinda officinalis and provide experimental method for quality standard of processed Morinda officinalis. HPLC method was employed and Sinergi 4u fusion-RP (Phenomenex, 250 mm x 4. 6 mm, 4 microm) was used at column temperature of 25 degrees C. The mobile phase was composed of acetonitrile--0.4% phosphoric acid solution by gradient elution. The experiment data was analyzed by computer aided similarity evaluation software and statistic methods to draw total pattern of anthraquinone components of Morinda officinalis from different places. At the same time, under the same experimental condition, the qualities and quantities of different processed Morinda officinalis was analyzed and compared. And the total pattern of anthraquinones of different processed Morinda officinalis was drew. There were 20 common characteristic peaks which were demonstrated by using fingerprints similarity evaluating software both in Morinda officinalis from different places and different processed samples from Gaoliang, Guangdong. The data showed that anthraquinones of Morinda officinalis processed by different ways were similar but their relative contents were significantly different. And the 12th peaks was 1,8-dihydroxy anthraquinone. The contents of anthraquinones are influenced by different processed ways. The materials and temperature in the concocted procedure are the main influential factors. The fingerprints shows that the content of anthraquinones of Morinda officinalis processed by Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. change much more obviously than that by alcohol and by salt. In addition, the fried processing method affects more obviously than the steamed one.

  15. A new anthraquinone from Morinda elliptica Ridl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loonjang, Kiedparinya; Duangjinda, David; Phongpaichit, Souwalak; Sawangjaroen, Nongyao; Rattanaburi, Suthida; Mahabusarakam, Wilawan

    2015-01-01

    A new anthraquinone, morinquinone, together with 18 known anthraquinones were isolated from the stems of Morinda elliptica Ridl. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data. They each showed weak inhibitory activity against a susceptible strain of Staphylococcus aureus and a methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Damnacanthal was effective against Microsporum gypseum (MIC 1 μg/mL). Lucidin was active against Entamoeba histolytica (MIC 31.25 μg/mL) and Giardia intestinalis (MIC 7.8 μg/mL).

  16. Two new species of Morinda (Rubiaceae) from Sumatra and Borneo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Suratman,

    2011-01-01

    Two new species of Morinda from Sumatra and Borneo, M. lanuginosa and M. wongiana, are described and illustrated. The morphological comparison of the new taxa with similar species in the genus is also discussed.

  17. PEMANFAATAN BUAH LOKAL SEBAGAI KOAGULAN SOY CHEESE

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    Risza Fawzia Rakhmah

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Keju merupakan salah satu produk pangan dengan proses penggumpalan  protein susu. Penelitian ini memanfaatan buah lokal sebagai koagulan untuk menggumpalkan susu kedelai menjadi keju. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh buah lokal sebagai koagulan pada soy cheese terhadap kadar protein, organoleptik dan daya terima masyarakat. Rancangan penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL 2 faktor 6 taraf perlakuan  yaitu faktor 1:  jenis buah (nanas, jeruk lemon dan asam sitrat (kontrol dan konsentrasi (0,12 %; 2%; 3 %, masing-masing perlakuan dilakukan 3 ulangan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode eksperimen, observasi, kepustakaan dan dokumentasi. Pengujian kadar protein menggunakan metode biuret, analisis data kadar protein menggunakan uji Two Way ANOVA dan dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT, sedangkan pada pengujian organoleptik dan daya terima masyarakat menggunakan analisis deskriptif kualitatif berupa data angket. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Kadar protein tertinggi soy cheese  pada perlakuan ekstrak nanas 3 % sebesar 11,68g,  sedangkan kadar protein terendah soy cheese  pada perlakuan ekstrak jeruk lemon 3 % sebesar 4,57 g. keju paling dominan bertekstur lembut, warna putih tulang, rasa gurih dan sedikit asam. Daya terima panelis  menyukai keju  dengan penambahan ekstrak jeruk lemon 3 %. Penambahan ekstrak nanas dan jeruk lemon sebagai koagulan pada  soy cheese berpengaruh terhadap kadar protein.

  18. PENGARUH ATRAKTAN TERHADAP LALAT BUAH PADA TANAMAN BELIMBING DI KABUPATEN BLITAR

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    Moch. Sodiq

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Lalat buah telah menjadi salah satu hama penting pada tanaman belimbing (Averrhoa carambola L..  Guna mengatasi serangan lalat buah, petani selalu membungkus buah dan memasang atraktan metil eugenol pada tanaman belimbing pada saat tanaman berbunga sampai dengan buah belimbing dipanen, namun hasilnya belum optimal dalam mengendalikan lalat buah, sehingga perlu dicari cara lain untuk mengendalikan lalat buah belimbing yang lebih efektif.  Penelitian dilakukan pada lahan belimbing petani Kabupaten Blitar.  Sedangkan untuk mengetahui jenis lalat buah yang menyerang buah belimbing, dilakukan identifikasi di Laboratorium HamaTanaman.  Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dan setiap perlakuan diulang 4 kali.  Parameter yang diamati adalah spesies, intensitas serangan, jumlah, dan kelamin lalat buah yang terperangkap.            Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa atraktan tidak berpengaruh terhadap intensitas serangan lalat buah.  Lalat buah yang terperangkap hanya satu spesies yaitu Bactrocera carambolae dan kombinasi jenis atraktan, perangsang bau pakan, warna dan volume tempat atraktan tidak berpengaruh terhadap ketertarikan lalat buah jantan dan betina. Kata kunci : pengaruh, atraktan, lalat buah

  19. Diversity of Morinda citrifolia L. in Andaman and Nicobar Islands ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Morinda citrifolia L. is an important plant species for traditional medicine systems which also has immense scope in pharmaceutical industry. ... random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR) markers which grouped M. citrifolia collections into two major clusters with 74% similarity.

  20. Possible antimicrobial activity of Morinda lucida stem bark, leaf and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MR FAKOYA AKINDELE

    2014-01-15

    Jan 15, 2014 ... are used in the treatment of different types of diseases. Roots, barks or leaves of Newbolbea leavis are used in the treatment of dysentery, syphilis, ear ache, ringworm and scrotal elephantiasis (Azoro, 2002.) Morinda lucida known as Oruwo in the South-Western part of Nigeria is a medium sized tree with a ...

  1. Polysaccharides isolated from Morinda officinalis How roots inhibits ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: To investigate the optimum parameters for extracting polysaccharides from Morinda officinalis. How (MOP), and explore their inhibitory effects on leukopenia in mice. Methods: Orthogonal design was performed to investigate the optimum parameters for extracting MOP. A leukopenia mouse model was established ...

  2. Modulatory effect of Morinda lucida aqueous stem bark extract on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Modulatory effect of Morinda lucida aqueous stem bark extract on blood glucose and lipid profile in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. ... 8th day of oral extract treatments while the blood samples for the lipid assays of were obtained directly from heart chambers through cardiac puncture on the 8th day after an overnight fasting.

  3. Ethnoveterinary Application of Morinda Citrifolia Fruit Puree on a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ethnoveterinary Application of Morinda Citrifolia Fruit Puree on a Commercial Heifer Rearing Facility with Endemic Salmonellosis. VJ Brooks, TJ De Wolfe, TJ Paulus, J Xu, J Cai, NS Keuler, RG Godbee, SF Peek, SM McGuirk, BJ Dariena ...

  4. Antidiarrheal Activity of the Ethyl Acetate Extract of Morinda ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methods: The ethyl acetate extract of Morinda morindoides (250, 500, and 1000 mg/kg body weight) was administered orally to three groups of rats (five animals per group) in order to evaluate the activity of the extract against castor oil-induced diarrhea model in rat. Two other groups received normal saline (5mg/kg) and ...

  5. Effect of supplementing Morinda lucida (Brimstone) leaf meal in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of Morinda lucida leaf meal on growth performance, tissue and gastro-intestinal tract microbial count of broiler chickens. A total of 198 one-day old Marshal Broiler chicks were randomly assigned into six treatments in a 3x2 factorial design of four ...

  6. Cognitive-enhancing properties of Morinda lucida (Rubiaceae) and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Results: The ethyl acetate extract of Morinda lucida and Peltophorum pterocarpum ameliorated scopolamine induced memory deficit in the animals under study. There was no effect of the extract on the histology of the hippocampus. However, there was an increase in the density of cells in the hippocampus of treated group ...

  7. Effect of Morinda officinalis capsule on osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ye; Lü, Shan-Shan; Tang, Gui-Ying; Hou, Min; Tang, Qing; Zhang, Xiao-Na; Chen, Wei-Hai; Chen, Gang; Xue, Qiang; Zhang, Cong-Cong; Zhang, Ji-Fen; Chen, Yi; Xu, Xiao-Yu

    2014-03-01

    To explore the therapeutic effects of Morinda officinalis capsules (MOP) on osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats. Six-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were induced for postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) by bilateral ovariectomy and divided into seven groups as follows: sham-operated group, ovariectomized (OVX) control group, OVX treated with xianlinggubao (XLGB) (270 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹), OVX treated with alendronate sodium (ALN) (3 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹), and OVX treated with Morinda officinalis capsule (MOP) of graded doses (90, 270 and 810 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹) groups. Oral treatments were administered daily on the 4(th) week after ovariectomy and lasted for 12 weeks. The bone mineral density was evaluated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), alkaline phosphatase (AKP), and osteocalcin (OC) levels in the serum and plasma were determined by standard colorimetric and enzyme immunoassays methods. Bone biomechanical properties and morphological parameters were analyzed by three-point bending test and histomorphometry respectively. Morinda officinalis capsules at all doses were able to significantly prevent the OVX-induced loss of bone mass due to diminishing serum AKP and TRAP levels while elevating OC level in the plasma. Morinda officinalis capsules also enhanced the bone strength and prevented the deterioration of trabecular microarchitecture. Morinda officinalis capsules possess potent anti-osteoporotic activity in OVX rats which could be an effective treatment for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Copyright © 2014 China Pharmaceutical University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. PERFORMA DOMBA YANG DIBERI COMPLETE FEED KULIT BUAH KAKAO TERFERMENTASI

    OpenAIRE

    Kamalidin (Kamalidin); Ali Agus; I Gede Suparta Budisatria

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui performa domba yang diberi complete feed kulit buah kakao (KBK) terfermentasi. Domba ekor tipis umur 1-1,5 tahun sebanyak 15 ekor digunakan dalam penelitian ini dengan pemberian pakan dan air minum secara ad libitum. Perlakuan yang dicobakan adalah K yang merupakan pakan kontrol terdiri dari hijauan (sumber serat) + konsentrat, NF merupakan complete feed dari kulit buah kakao (sumber serat) + konsentrat tanpa fermentasi dan F merupakan complete feed d...

  9. Potensi Penggunaan Parasitoid Dalam Pengendalian Lalat Buah Bactrocera Di Pulau Lombok

    OpenAIRE

    Sukri, Akhmad; Prayitno, Gito Hadi

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan potensi penggunaan parasitoid dalam pengendalian lalat buah Bactrocera di Pulau Lombok. Data atau informasi diperoleh melalui kajian pustaka (studi referensi). Hasil kajian pustaka menunjukkan bahwa di Pulau Lombok telah ditemukan beberapa spesies lalat buah dari genus Bactrocera yang menyerang beberapa jenis buah yaitu mangga, jambu air dan belimbing. Ditemukannya beberapa jenis parasitoid dari lalat buah yaitu Biosteres vandenboschi Fullaway, O...

  10. KANDUNGAN BUAH-BUAHAN DALAM ALQUR’AN: BUAH TIN (Ficus carica L, ZAITUN (Olea europea L, DELIMA (Punica granatum L, ANGGUR (Vitis vinivera L, DAN KURMA (Phoenix dactylifera L UNTUK KESEHATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    nur khasanah

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Aneka ragam buah-buahan segar diciptakan Sang Khalik untuk umat manusia. Di antara sekian banyak buah-buahan itu, salah satu yang disebutkan Allah SWT dalam Alquran. Adalah buah tin, zaitun, delima, anggur, dan kurma. Untuk itulah kita sebagai muslim perlu men- getahui zat-zat  yang terkandung dalam buah tersebut, se- hingga dapat memanfaatkan buah tersebut dengan sebaik- baiknya. Tidak ada sekecil apa pun Allah ciptaan jika tidak membawa kemanfaatan bagi manusia.

  11. Modulatory Effect of Morinda lucida Aqueous Stem Bark Extract on

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Olaleye

    Modulatory Effect of Morinda lucida Aqueous Stem Bark. Extract on Blood Glucose and Lipid Profile in Alloxan-Induced. Diabetic Rats. *Adeneye A.A1, Olagunju J.A2,3, Olatunji B.H3, Balogun A.F3, Akinyele B.S3,. Ayodele M.O3. 1Department of Pharmacology and 2Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic ...

  12. Hypolipidemic effect of seed oil of noni (Morinda citrifolia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pazos, Diana C; Jiménez, Fabiola E; Garduño, Leticia; López, V Eric; Cruz, M Carmen

    2011-07-01

    Morinda citrifolia, has been reported to posses different biological activities and almost all parts of this have been studied phytochemically. However there are few studies on the seeds of fruit. The objective of present study was investigated the effect to Noni Seed Oil (NSO) on serum lipid levels in normolipidemic and hyperlipidemic induced mice. We find that administration of noni oil causes a reduction in total cholesterol and triglycerides levels in both models. However hypolipidemic effect is higher when hyperlipidemia is presented.

  13. EKUITAS MEREK JASA GERAI BUAH-BUAHAN BERDASARKAN PERSEPSI KONSUMEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdiasa Nursaman

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The need of fruits and the number of fruit outlets in Jakarta has been increasing, therefore the study on brand equity of fruit outlet services according to consumer’s perception is now required. In detail the purpose of this study is to analyze the demographic characteristics of  fruits outlets consumer in Jakarta, analyzing the factors that affect brand equity of fruits outlets services, analyze the level of contribution of brand equity variables fruits outlets service in Jakarta and analyze the managerial implications to  fruits outlets brand. Structured questionnaires instrument was used for data collection, while Structural Equation Modeling (SEM method was used in data analysis. The study results have shown that demographic profile of respondents who visited fruit outlet were female, aged 31-40 years, have an undergraduate educational background, private employment and married. Some factors which may influence brand equity are brand loyalty and brand awareness. The brand equity of fruit outlets services is influenced by brand loyalty with contribution of 0.71 and brand awareness with contribution of 0.58. Managerial implication that should be done is to increase promotional activities through advertising. Keywords: brand equity, brand awareness, brand association, brand perceived quality, brand loyaltyABSTRAKLatar belakang dilaksanakannya penelitian ini adalah kebutuhan akan buah-buahan yang semakin meningkat dan makin bertambahnya gerai buah-buahan di Jakarta. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan penelitian ekuitas merek gerai buah-buahan berdasarkan persepsi konsumen. Secara terperinci tujuan penelitian ini menganalisis karakteristik demografi konsumen jasa gerai buah-buahan di Jakarta, menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi ekuitas merek jasa layanan gerai buah-buahan, menganalisis tingkat kontribusi peubah-peubah ekuitas merek jasa gerai buah-buahan di Jakarta serta menganalisis implikasi manajerial untuk merek gerai buah-buahan yang

  14. [Determination of polysaccharide from Chinese medicine Morinda officinalis how and its trace elements analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yong-Jun; Liu, Jie; Wu, Yu-Ming; Liu, Li-E; Zhang, Hong-Quan

    2005-12-01

    Polysaccharide was extracted from morinda officinalis how by back-flowing with 80% ethanol for 1 h, and the method of improved phenol-sulfuric acid spectroscopy was adopted to determine the content of morinda officinalis how polysaccharide. As for its trace elements, the atomic absorption spectroscopy was used to detect the content of Zn, Fe and Cu, which were compared with its fake; and cold atomic fluorometry was applied to determine the trace mercury. The results were satisfactory, which can give reference about the effective components of morinda officinalis how, and will help to exploit it.

  15. UJI POTENSI ANTIPLASMODIUM EKSTRAK BUAH PARE (Momordica charantia L. TERHADAP Plasmodium falcifarum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susilawati

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Malaria masih menjadi salah satu penyakit endemis dan masalah kesehatan utama di Indonesia. Buah pare (Momordica charantia L. secara tradisional sering digunakan sebagai obat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji potensi antiplasmodium in vitro ekstrak buah pare terhadap Palsmodium falciparum sehingga dapat digunakan sebagai obat anti malaria. Buah pare diekstrak dengan metode maserasi menggunakan pelarut metanol. Uji aktivitas antiplasmodium dilakukan secara pengamatan mikroskopik pada kultur strain P. falcifarum 3D7. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian, sampel ekstrak metanol buah pare memiliki aktivitas penghambatan terhadap pertumbuhan parasit P. falciparum 3D7. Kekuatan aktivitas antimalaria dengan nilai IC50 = 0,39 µg/mL.

  16. PERFORMAN BROILER YANG DIBERI RANSUM MENGANDUNG TEPUNG KULIT BUAH NAGA TANPA DAN DENGAN Aspergillus niger TERFERMENTASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astuti I

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh pemberian tepung kulit buah naga tanpa atau terfermentasidalam ransum terhadap performans ayam broiler. Rancangan acak lengkap (RAL dengan 7 perlakuan dan 3ulangan digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Penelitian menggunakan ayam broiler jantan umur dua minggu sebanyak84 ekor. Perlakuan adalah ransum tanpa menggunakan tepung kulit buah naga (kontrol atau P0, ransum denganmenggunakan tepung kulit buah naga 2% (P1, ransum dengan menggunakan tepung kulit buah naga terfermentasi2% (P2, ransum dengan menggunakan tepung kulit buah naga 4% (P3, ransum dengan menggunakan tepungkulit buah naga terfermentasi 4% (P4, ransum dengan menggunakan tepung kulit buah naga 6% (P5, ransumdengan menggunakan tepung kulit buah naga terfermentasi 6% (P6. Peubah yang diamati konsumsi pakan,pertambahan bobot badan, konversi pakan, mortalitas dan persentase bagian-bagian karkas. Hasil penelitianmenunjukkan ransum mendapat tepung kulit buah naga tanpa dan dengan terfermentasi berbeda tidak nyata(P>0,05 terhadap konsumsi pakan, pertambahan bobot badan, konversi pakan dan mortalitas. Sama halnyadengan persentase bagian-bagian karkas ayam broiler yang meliputi persentase dada, persentase sayap, persentasepaha, dan persentase punggung menunjukkan hasil yang berbeda tidak nyata (P>0,05. Pemberian tepung kulitbuah naga tanpa dan dengan terfermentasi sampai level 6% dapat diberikan pada ternak ayam broiler.

  17. POTENSI ANTIOKSIDAN BERBAGAI SEDIAAN BUAH SIRSAK [ANONNA MURICATA LINN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasetyorini Prasetyorini

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTSoursop is a potential source of antioxidant due to high vitamin C and poliphenol content. Antioxidant activity of three different preparations i.e. fruit juice, 96% ethanol extract, and ethyl acetate extract. The antiocdidant were measured by using 1.1-diphenyl-2 pycrihidrazyl (DPPH radical solution. In addition, vitamin C and polyphenol content of each preparation were also measured. Polyphenol content as measured in gram Gallic Acid Equivalent (GAE/100 g. Showed the fruit juice, 96% ethanol extract and ethyl acetate extract were 0,473, 0,324, and 0,194, respectively. Vitamin C content (mg/100 g of these three preparations were 36.24, 30.56, and 35.66, respectively. The antioxidant activities (ppm determined by IC50 showed fruit juice, 96% ethanol extract and ethyl acetate extract were 282.61 ppm, 660.08 and 480.26, respectively. There was strong correlation between vitamin C content and antioxidant activity, and between polyphenol content and antioxidant activities. In conclusion, the use of fruit juice as antioxidant source was better than ethyl acetate and ethanol 96% extract.Keywords: antioxidant activity, soursop (Annona muricata Linn, poliphenol, vitamin CABSTRAKSirsak memiliki potensi sebagai sumber antioksidan karena kandungan vitamin C dan polifenol yang cukup tinggi. Aktivitas antioksidan dari tiga sediaan sirsak yaitu sari buah, ekstrak etanol 96% dan ekstrak etil asetat. Pengujian antioksidan dilakukan dengan senyawa radikal 1,1-diphenyl-2-pycrilhidrazyl (DPPH. Selain diuji potensi antioksidannya, masing-masing bentuk sediaan juga diukur kadar vitamin C dan kadar polifenolnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kandungan polifenol yang dihitung dalam gram Setara Asam Galat (SAG/100 g sari buah, ekstrak etanol 96% dan ekstrak etil asetat berturut-turut adalah 0,473; 0,324 dan 0,194 dan kandungan vitamin C (mg/100 g berturut-turut adalah 36,24; 30,56, dan 35,66. Aktivitas antioksidan (ppm yang ditunjukkan oleh nilai IC50, untuk

  18. POMPA AIR BERTENAGA HIBRID UNTUK IRIGASI TANAMAN BUAH NAGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danar Susilo Wijayanto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Pemanfaatan angin dan radiasi matahari sebagai sumber energi bisa mengurangi ketergantungan terhadap penggunaan bahan bakar fosil, mengurangi biaya operasional dalam jangka panjang, dan mendukung konservasi sumber daya alam. Pengabdian ini menerapkan penggunaan sumber energi terbarukan untuk pompa air yang digunakan sebagai sumber irigasi tanaman buah dan sayuran pada pertanian organik di Balai Percontohan Pertanian (BPP Ngasinan, Kelurahan Beji, Kecamatan Nguntoronadi, Kabupaten Wonogiri. Teknologi hibrid menggabungkan turbin tenaga angin dan sel surya untuk memberikan pasokan listrik kepada pompa yang mengangkat air dengan Total Dynamic Head (TDH 12 meter. Sistem hibrid turbin angin dan solar sel mampu menghidupkan pompa air, sehingga pompa bisa mengalirkan air dari sumur ke tandon air. Sistem irigasi tetes dari tandon ke tanaman buah naga menyebabkan tanaman selalu lembab, sehingga mengurangi resiko kekeringan dan penyakit tanaman.

  19. Microstructural characterization of ashes from Morinda citrifolia L. (Noni)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garay, Zoila; Acha De la Cruz, Otilia; Collantes, Ingrit; Olivera, Paula; Santiago, Julio; Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima

    2011-01-01

    Noni, Morinda citrifolia Linnaeus, is widely used in traditional medicine due to its antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic and antifungal properties, preventing the proliferation of tumors and diabetes. This paper presents a study of the elemental and morphological composition of the ashes from the peels, seeds, pulp and leaves of the noni. These ashes are basically amorphous, except those from the annealing of the leaves. The main compounds that have been identified are the CaCO 3 (seeds and leaves), CaC 2 O 4 (peels and seeds), KHCO 3 (all samples except in leaves), KCl (leaves) and SiO 2 (leaves and pulp). Nanoparticles (20 nm) have been observed in all samples except in the ashes of leaves. (author).

  20. PENGARUH INFUS BUAH PARE (Momordica charantia L TERHADAP KELENJAR PROSTAT TIKUS PUTIH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Wien Winarno

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Buah pare (Momordica charantia L.. selain dikenal sebagai sayuran juga digunakan sebagai obat tradisional. Beberapa hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa perasan buah pare dapat menurunkan kadar glukosa darah. Sebagai kontrasepsi pria, buah pare terbukti menyebabkan abnormalitas struktur morfologi sperma dan menurunkan kadar testosteron darah. Ekstrak buah pare secara invitro menghambat pertumbuhan sel-sel kanker prostat. Buah pare mengandung momordisin, momordin, asam resinal dan sterol. Berdasarkan efeknya yaitu dapat menurunkan hormon testosteron, dan secara invitro menghambat sel-sel kanker prostat dan adanya kandungan sterol, maka dilakukan penelitian Pengaruh infus buah pare (M. charantia L. terhadap kelenjar prostat tikus putih. Penelitian menggunakan hewan coba tikus putih, galur Wistar dengan bobot badan 180-200 gram. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan "Rancangan Acak Lengkap". Bahan yang diteliti berupa infus buah pare dengan dosis pemberian 625 mg, 1250 mg, 2500 mg dan 5000 mg/kg bb. Sebagai pembanding digunakan akuades. Bahan diberikan secara oral, satu kali sehari selama 30 hari. Hari ke-31 hewan dibunuh, diambil kelenjar prostatnya untuk dibuat preparat histopatologi. Pengamatan meliputi berat dan ketebalan sel epitel kelenjar prostat. Hasilnya, pemberian infus buah pare pada semua dasis dibandingkan dengan akuades (kontrol berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0,01 terhadap berat kelenjar prostat. Sementara infus buah pare dosis 2500 mg/kg bb. berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0,01 terhadap tebal set epitel kelenjar prostat. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa infus buah pare dapat menurunkan berat kelenjar prostat normal dan menipiskan sel epitel dari kelenjar prostat.   Kata kunci : pare, Momordica charantia L., kelenjar prostat

  1. EFEKTIVITAS EKSTRAK BUAH Beta vulgaris L. (BUAH BIT DENGAN BERBAGAI FRAKSI PELARUT TERHADAP MORTALITAS LARVA Aedes aegypti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mutiara Widawati

    2013-08-01

    potency a bit higher than other solvents. Keywords: B. vulgaris L., Aedes aegypti, larvacide Abstrak. Pengendalian vektor DBD banyak dilakukan dengan menggunakan insektisida nabati.  Insektisida nabati dari ekstrak daun maupun buah tanaman yang  mengandung senyawa alkaloid, saponin, flavonoid, tanin, triterpenoid, dan polifenol dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif pengendalian Ae. aegypti secara hayati. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui efektivitas larvasida dari ekstrak buah bit (Beta vulgaris L. terhadap larva Ae. aegypti. Bahan yang digunakan buah bit (Beta vulgaris L. yang bagian buah digiling dan dikeringkan hingga berbentuk serbuk. Serbuk kering sebanyak 800 g diekstraksi oleh 70% methanol dengan metoda perkolasi dengan sesekali pengadukan selama 3 hari. Ekstrak dipekatkan dengan menggunakan evaporator. Residu yang tersisa sebanyak 60g dilarutkan dengan aquades dan diekstraksi kembali dengan dietil eter, kloroform, dan etil asetat. Tiap fraksi ekstrak dikeringkan dengan natrium sulfat anhidrat dan pelarutnya didestilasi. Ekstrak tersebut diuji kualitatif untuk mengetahui kandungan metabolit sekundernya. Uji larvasida  dilakukan dengan melarutkan tiap ekstrak dalam dimetilsulphoxide (DMSO pada konsentrasi 0,1; 0,5 dan 1%. Larva yang digunakan yaitu larva Ae. aegypti umur tujuh hari. Kematian larva dihitung setiap hari selama tujuh hari untuk menentukan efek kontak. Pengujian dilakukan pada suhu 27 ± 1°C dengan merendam 25 larva di tiap konsentrasi ekstrak dengan volume 50 mL dan dilakukan tiga kali ulangan. Data yang diperoleh selanjutnya di analisa dengan uji beda. Hasil penelitian menunjukan ekstrak buah bit mengandung senyawa flavonoid, alkoloid, sterol, triterpen, saponin dan tanin.   Kematian tertinggi pada konsentrasi 1% pada ekstrak methanol yaitu 82,5%, sedangkan kematian terendah dengan konsentrasi 0,1% ektrak fraksi dietil eter. Ekstrak buah bit yang dilarutkan dalam berbagai fraksi pelarut belum efektif sebagai larvasida sampai pada

  2. PERFORMA DOMBA YANG DIBERI COMPLETE FEED KULIT BUAH KAKAO TERFERMENTASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamalidin (Kamalidin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui performa domba yang diberi complete feed kulit buah kakao (KBK terfermentasi. Domba ekor tipis umur 1-1,5 tahun sebanyak 15 ekor digunakan dalam penelitian ini dengan pemberian pakan dan air minum secara ad libitum. Perlakuan yang dicobakan adalah K yang merupakan pakan kontrol terdiri dari hijauan (sumber serat + konsentrat, NF merupakan complete feed dari kulit buah kakao (sumber serat + konsentrat tanpa fermentasi dan F merupakan complete feed dari kulit buah kakao (sumber serat + konsentrat yang melalui proses fermentasi (CFF dengan perbandingan antara sumber serat dan konsentrat adalah 40% : 60%. Variabel yang diamati adalah konsumsi pakan, pertambahan bobot badan, konversi pakan, feed cost per gain dan income over feed cost. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa complete feed berpengaruh nyata terhadap konsumsi bahan kering (BK, bahan organik (BO, protein kasar (PK, serat kasar (SK, lemak kasar (LK dan total digestible nutrients (TDN, sedangkan pertambahan bobot badan harian dan konversi pakan tidak berbeda nyata terhadap formulasi complete feed. Rerata konsumsi BK, BO, PK, SK, LK, dan TDN berturut-turut adalah 87,72; 78,21; 10,12; 12,21; 1,77, dan 59,52 g/kg BW0,75. Rerata pertambahan bobot badan harian adalah 128,67 g/hari atau 0,88 g/kg BW0,75, sedangkan rerata konversi pakan adalah 6,27. Disimpulkan bahwa pemberian ransum complete feed menghasilkan konsumsi nutrien yang tinggi tetapi tidak memberikan efek pertambahan bobot badan harian dan nilai konversi pakan yang lebih tinggi. Pemanfaatan fermentasi KBK menggunakan biofit menghasilkan PBBH 128,57 g/ekor/hari atau 0,88% g/kg BB0,75 efektif untuk digunakan dalam ransum penggemukan ternak domba. (Kata kunci: Domba, Complete feed, Kinerja

  3. Transformation of Morinda citrifolia via simple mature seed imbibition method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, J J; Ahmad, S; Roslan, H A

    2013-12-15

    Morinda citrifolia, is a valuable medicinal plant with a wide range of therapeutic properties and extensive transformation study on this plant has yet been known. Present study was conducted to establish a simple and reliable transformation protocol for M. citrifolia utilising Agrobacterium tumefaciens via direct seed exposure. In this study, the seeds were processed by tips clipping and dried and subsequently incubated in inoculation medium. Four different parameters during the incubation such as incubation period, bacterial density, temperature and binary vectors harbouring beta-glucuronidase (GUS) gene (pBI121 and pGSA1131), were tested to examine its effect on transformation efficiency. The leaves from the treated and germinated seedlings were analysed via Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), histochemical assay of the GUS gene and reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). Results of the study showed that Agrobacterium strain LBA4404 with optical density of 1.0 and 2 h incubation period were optimum for M. citrifolia transformation. It was found that various co-cultivation temperatures tested and type of vector used did not affect the transformation efficiency. The highest transformation efficiency for M. citrifolia direct seed transformation harbouring pBI121 and pGSA1131 was determined to be 96.8% with 2 h co-cultivation treatment and 80.4% when using bacterial density of 1.0, respectively. The transformation method can be applied for future characterization study of M. citrifolia.

  4. In vitro erythrocyte oxidative damage of Morinda citrifolia L (noni leaves extract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Lagarto

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Slight decrease of hemoglobin and erythrocyte count was observed previously after subchronic oral dosing of Morinda citrifolia L leaves extract in rats. Induction of erythrocyte membrane damage could be the cause for these effects. Aims: The objective of this investigation was to assess the in vitro cytotoxicity of Morinda citrifolia L leaves extract and fractions on rat erythrocytes. Methods: Hemolytic damage was assayed in rat erythrocytes. Oxidative stress was assessed by measuring methemoglobin formation, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS and enzyme antioxidant activities, superoxide dismutase (SOD and catalase (CAT. Results: Morinda citrifolia L extract caused no hemolysis and induced oxidative damage to red cells in vitro. Methemoglobin increase was observed at concentration between 2 and 8 mg/ml of the extract. Lipid peroxidation was increased and CAT and SOD activities were depleted indicating a possible increase of hydrogen peroxide and superoxide radicals in erythrocytes. Ethyl acetate, dichloromethane and butanol fraction did not cause methemoglobin formation while water fraction increased methemoglobin level at doses up to 6 mg/ml. Conclusions: We concluded that high doses of Morinda citrifolia L extract promote erythrocyte oxidative damage due to metabolites present in water fraction. These could be the cause of decreased erythrocyte and hemoglobin levels observed. [J Intercult Ethnopharmacol 2013; 2(3.000: 135-140

  5. Volatile changes in Hawaiian noni fruit, Morinda citrifolia L., during ripening and fermentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noni fruit (Morinda citrifolia L., Rubiaceae) have been used in traditional medicine in Polynesia, South and Southeast Asia, India, Australia, and the Caribbean, and are now attracting interest in western medicine. Fermented noni juice has been of particular interest for its demonstrated antitumor ...

  6. Efek Perbedaan Jenis Alpukat dan Gula Terhadap Mutu Selai Buah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inda Three Anova

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Avocado is a very popular fruit because it contains a lot of vitamins and minerals. It is more consumed in the form of fresh or juice at this time and is rarely treated into processed products. Avocado is easily decay in storage so that is necessary to be processed in order to keep the availability, for example by processing into jam. The making of jam generally use granulated sugar, however it can also use palm sugar. Palm sugar has a specific taste and flavor that can reduce the bitter taste of avocado. The study was conducted with a variety of treatments that used round green avocado (Porsea americana Mill and long green avocado (Porsea gratissima Gaertn with type of sugar, the granulated sugar and brown palm sugar. The resulted of jam then analyzed the moisture content, sugar content, soluble solids, ash content, fat content and level of panelists preference for color, aroma, flavor and microbiological testing. The results showed that the jam products that was made of round green avocado (Porsea americana Mill with the use of palm sugar was preferably for organoleptic of color, flavor, and aroma, with 31,18% water content, 50.19% sugar content, 68,82% dissolved solids, 0.63% ash content, 8.48% fat content, microbe contamination of total plate count < 10 col/g, coliform bacteria < 3 MPN /g, mold yeast < 10 col/g, and meet the Indonesian National Standard for fruit jam, SNI 3746:2008.ABSTRAKBuah alpukat merupakan buah yang sangat digemari karena banyak mengandung vitamin dan mineral. Selama ini buah alpukat lebih banyak dikonsumsi dalam bentuk segar atau jus dan jarang diolah menjadi produk olahan. Buah alpukat mudah sekali mengalami kerusakan dalam penyimpanannya sehingga perlu dilakukan pengolahan agar ketersediaanya tetap terjaga, misalnya dengan mengolah menjadi selai. Pembuatan selai umumnya menggunakan gula pasir, namun dapat juga mengunakan gula aren. Gula aren memiliki rasa aroma yang khas sehingga dapat mengurangi rasa pahit dari

  7. KETERTARIKAN LALAT BUAH BACTROCERA PADA EKSTRAK OLAHAN LIMBAH KAKAO BERPENGAWET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Rini Indriyanti

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Lalat buah Bactrocera spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae merupakan salah satu hama pen ting menyerang tanaman buah-buahan dan sayuran. B. carambolae di laboratorium tertarik pada olahan limbah kakao. Hasil uji coba di lapangan belum memuaskan karena olahan limbah kakao mudah rusak. Tujuan penelitian ini mengkaji respon lalat buah Bactrocera yang diberi umpan ekstrak olahan limbah kakao berpenga wet. Pengawet yang digunakan yakni: Natrium klorida (NaCl, Natrium benzoat (C7H5NaO2 dan Potasium sorbat (C6H7KO2. Konsentrasi yang dipakai masing-masing pengawet 0,1%; 0,2% dan 0,3%. Pengamatan dilakukan selama satu ming gu. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa daya tahan limbah yang diberi penga wet dan yang tidak dilihat secara secara fisik (warna dan tekstur tidak berbeda nyata, namun ada perbedaan bau. Limbah yang tidak diberi pengawet ada kecen derungan baunya tidak sedap dibanding yang diberi pengawet. Hal ini yang mempengaruhi ketertarikan lalat terhadap olahan limbah kakao. Respon ketertarikan lalat Bactrocera terhadap olahan limbah kakao yang diberi pengawet berbeda antara satu dengan yang lain. Respon ketertarikan tertinggi Bactrocera cenderung pada olahan limbah kakao yang diberi pengawet Natrium klorida 0,3%, Potasium sorbat 0,2% dan Natrium benzoat 0,1%.The fruit fly Bactrocera spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae is one of the important pests attacking crops of fruits and vegetables. In the laboratory, B. carambolae was attracted by the processed cocoa waste. The results of field trials have not been satisfactory yet, because the processed cocoa waste was easily damaged. The purpose of the study wast to examine the response of Bactrocera to the bait made of processed cocoa extract waste containing preservatives. The preservatives used were: Sodium chloride (NaCl, sodium benzoate (C7H5NaO2 and potassium sorbate (C6H7KO2. The concentration of each preservative was 0.1%; 0.2% and 0.3%. A one-week observation was made. The result showed that there was no

  8. Identifikasi dan Pengendalian Jamur Busuk Putih Buah Salak dengan Ekstrak Bunga Kecombrang (Nicolaia speciosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aries Pratomo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the important disease on snakefruit (Salacca edulis is fruit rot disease with white symptom. Control of snake fruit diseases is better when natural compounds rather than chemicals pesticide were used which might cause consumer hazard. Several of plant extract i.e. from Zingiberaceae which have antimicrobial activity had been studied. The purpose of this study were to identify the pathogen of white rot and to know the effect of torch ginger’s flower (Nicolaia speciosa extract on disease development. The spores was identified under microscopic condition from diseased fruits and isolates. Torch ginger’s flowers was extracted in ethanol. After removal of the ethanol the crude extract was dissolved with distilled water. Food Poisoned Technique was done to evaluate its influence in vitro. Both detached and clustered fruits were sprayed with the extract then inoculated with the pathogen. The result showed that the pathogen was Chalaropsis sp. Detached snakefruit was more susceptible to Chalaropsis sp. infection than those in cluster. In vitro test showed 48–50 % of torch ginger’s flower extract in water inhibit 90% of colony growth. The extract inhibited the development of Chalaropsis sp. in detached snakefruit or in cluster ones. Concentrated extract protected snakefruit up to 100% from Chalaropsis sp. infection.   Salah satu penyakit penting yang menurunkan tingkat pemasaran buah salak adalah penyakit busuk buah dengan gejala jamur putih. Pengendalian penyakit ini dengan bahan nabati lebih baik dibandingkan dengan pestisida kimia yang berbahaya bagi konsumen. Penelitian sebelumnya menunjukkan bahwa tanaman dari keluarga Zingeberaceae antara lain bunga kecombrang mengandung senyawa antimikroba. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui penyebab penyakit jamur putih pada buah salak dan pengaruh ekstrak bunga kecombrang untuk pengendalian penyakit tersebut. Identifikasi patogen secara mikroskopi dilakukan secara korekan langsung dan

  9. Street furniture concept in Pasar Buah and Bukit Gundaling Based on place identity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginting, Nurlisa; Vinky Rahman, N.; Delianur Nasution, Achmad; Nawawiy Loebis, M.; Sinaga, Fitri A.

    2018-03-01

    Tourism is one of the largest sources of the foreign exchange for a country, that encourage many developers to develop it. Karo District located in the province of North Sumatera, Indonesia, which has many tourist destinations with natural and cultural resources, including Pasar Buah and Bukit Gundaling. To develop Tourism, one of way is with increasing place identity in tourist destinations. Unfortunately, place identity in Pasar Buah and Bukit Gundaling are still lacking, so it needs improvement, one of that is the Street furniture in Pasar Buah and Bukit Gundaling. This study aims to design the concept of the Street furniture planning in Pasar Buah and Bukit Gundaling. The method used is a qualitative method, that is design street furniture using five groups elements of street furniture: decorative element, service furniture, trade furniture, signaling furniture, and advertisement furniture. The result of this study is the concept of the design street furniture of Pasar Buah and Bukit Gundaling, which can use to improve place identity in tourism of Karo District.

  10. PENGARUH INFUS BUAH Foeniculum vulgare Mill PADA SIKLUS ESTRUS DAN BOBOT UTERUS TIKUS PUTIH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sa'roni Sa'roni

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Buah Foeniculum vulgare Mill (adas secara tradisional untuk obat dan campuran jamu pengatur haid. Diduga buah Foeniculum vulgare Mill mempunyai pengaruh pada sistem reproduksi. Oleh karena itu, kami melakukan penelitian pengaruh infus buah Foeniculum vulgare Mill pada siklus estrus dan bobot uterus tikus putih.Infus diberikan secara oral sekali sehari selama 12 hari dengan dosis setara dengan 7,3 mg, 73 mg dan 219 mg/100 g bobot badan. Selama pemberian bahan, siklus estrus diperiksa setiap hari dan pada hari ke-13 diotopsi dan ditimbang bobot uterusnya.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa infus buah Foeniculum vulgare Mill setara dengan serbuk 7,3 mg, 73 mg dan 219 mg/100 g bobot badan dapat menghambat fase estrus (masa subur. Infus setara dengan serbuk 7 mg dan 219 mg/100 g bobot badan kelihatan dapat menghambat fase estrus yang sangat nyata dibandingkan dengan akuades. Infus buah Foeniculum vulgare Mill setara dengan serbuk 219 mg/100 g bobot badan dapat menurunkan bobot uterus, tetapi secara statistik tidak berbeda nyata dengan akuades. Kata kunci: Obat tradisional; Foeniculum vulgare Mill; Sistem Reproduksi

  11. Dye-sensitized solar cells using natural dyes as sensitizers from Malaysia local fruit `Buah Mertajam'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hambali, N. A. M. Ahmad; Roshidah, N.; Hashim, M. Norhafiz; Mohamad, I. S.; Saad, N. Hidayah; Norizan, M. N.

    2015-05-01

    We experimentally demonstrate the high conversion efficiency, low cost, green technology and easy to fabricate dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) using natural anthocyanin dyes as sensitizers. The DSSCs was fabricated by using natural anthocyanin dyes which were extracted from different parts of the plants inclusive `Buah Mertajam', `Buah Keriang Dot', `Bunga Geti', Hibiscus, Red Spinach and Henna. The natural anthocyanin dyes that found in flower, leaves and fruits were extracted by the simple procedures. This anthocyanin dye is used to replace the expensive chemical synthetic dyes due to its ability to effectively attach into the surface of Titanium dioxide (TiO2). A natural anthocyanin dyes molecule adsorbs to each particle of the TiO2 and acts as the absorber of the visible light. A natural anthocyanin dye from Buah Mertajam shows the best performance with the conversion efficiency of 5.948% and fill factor of 0.708 followed by natural anthocyanin dyes from `Buah Keriang Dot', `Bunga Geti', Hibiscus, Red Spinach and Henna. Buah Mertajam or scientifically known as eriglossum rubiginosum is a local Malaysia fruit.

  12. Deteksi Kematangan Buah Pisang Berdasarkan Fitur Warna Citra Kulit Pisang Menggunakan Metode Transformasi Ruang Warna HIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indarto

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Pengolahan citra mempunyai peranan penting di berbagai bidang. Aplikasi pengolahan citra berkaitan dengan pemrosesan citra berkaitan dengan transformasi warna. Dalam paper ini dijelaskan mengenai metode transformasi warna HSI untuk deteksi pisang dan mengklasifikasikan dalam fase kematangan. Data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan citra pisang ambon yang diambil dengan kamera yang nantinya akan diambil sebagian (cropping pada kulit, yang kemudian akan diekstrak ciri warnanya, dan dihitung tingkat kadar warna dari R (red, G (green, dan B (blue dan diubah ke HSI. Berdasarkan input pelatihan deteksi jenis warna kulit pisang ambon diperoleh dari pengolahan citra dengan metode transformasi warna HSI. Dari hasil penelitian 20 sampel buah dimana 10 buah pisang ambon mentah dan 10 buah pisang ambon matang dengan dihitung nilai rata-rata maksimal dan minimal H dan S diperoleh akurasi kesesuaian sebesar 85%.

  13. Laporan Baru: Spesies Lalat Buah Terpikat 4-(4-Hidroksi-Fenil-2-Butanon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni Pranowo

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Acetylation of 4-(4-hydroxy-penyl-3-butene-2-one by anhydride of acetic acid catalyzed by sulphuric acid results in 4-(4-acetoxy-phenyl-3-butene-2-one compound, and 4-(4-hydroxy-phenyl-2-butanone compound as a by product. The first compound alone doesn’t attract fruit flies, but a mixture of the two products attracts male fruit flies. This mixture was tested for its attractancy to the fruit flies in Bantul, Sleman and Kulon Progo regencies, Yogyakarta Special Province; along with Cue and Methyl eugenol lures as comparison. The result showed that the mixture was able to attract four fruit flies species, i.e. Bactrocera albistrigata, B. caudata, B. cibodase, and Bactrocera sp1. One genus found has not been able to be identified to species level. Based on its wing morphometric measures, this species is put under Bactrocera dorsalis complex group.   Reaksi asetilasi terhadap 4-(4-hidroksi-fenil-3-buten-2-on dengan asam asetat anhidrid berkatalis asam sulfat menghasilkan senyawa 4-(4-asetoksi-fenil-3-buten-2-on dan hasil samping berupa senyawa 4-(4-hidroksi-fenil-2-butanon. Senyawa 4-(4-asetoksi-fenil-3-buten-2-on tidakmemiliki daya pikatterhadap lalat buah, sedangkan campuran kedua senyawa hasil asetilasi tersebut memiliki daya pikat terhadap lalat buah jantan. Uji atraktansi campuran kedua senyawa ini terhadap lalat buah dilakukan di daerah Bantul, Sleman, dan Kulon Progo, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dengan CUE lure dan ME lure sebagai pembanding. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa campuran senyawa 4-(4-asetoksi-fenil-3-buten-2-on dan 4-(4-hidroksi-fenil-2-butanon mampu memikat 4 spesieslalat buah. Empat spesies lalat buah yang terpikat tersebut adalah Bactrocera albistrigata, B. caudata, B. cibodase, dan Bactrocera sp1. Satu Genus Bactrocera tidak teridentifikasi sampai tingkat spesies. Bactrocera sp1. diduga merupakan spesies lalat buah yang belum pernah dideskripsi sebelumnya. Berdasar perhitungan wing morphometric technique, spesies

  14. Meroterpenos (Antraquinonas) en diferentes partes de la Planta de Morinda Royoc L

    OpenAIRE

    Janetsy Borroto Blanco; María A. Blanco Jerez; Maribel Rivas Paneca; Martha Hernández de la Torre; Oscar Concepción Laffite; Reinaldo Trujillo Sánchez

    2005-01-01

    Las antraquinonas son productos del metabolismo secundario con gran importancia en la industria farmaceútica. En el presente trabajo se determina la posible presencia de estos compuestos en diferentes partes de la Morinda royoc L. El análisis cualitativo (Reacción de Bortranger) mostró una fuerte coloración roja en las raíces (médula y corteza) indicativo de la presencia de antraquinonas y en mucha menor intensidad en las hojas (coloración rosada muy tenue). En el análisis cuantitativo, las r...

  15. PENGARUH KONSENTRASI BUAH CABAI MERAH (Capsicum annum L. DAN BUAH CABAI RAWIT (Capsicum frutescens L. DALAM PRODUKSI BIOGAS DARI SAMPAH ORGANIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khamdan Cahyari

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Meningkatnya kesejahteraan masyarakat Indonesia berdampak positif bagi peningkatan jumlah pasar tradisional dan komoditas perdagangannya. Namun, permasalahan sampah yang ditimbulkan oleh kegiatan perdagangan tersebut masih belum dapat ditangani dengan baik. Tidak hanya itu, sampah pasar tradisional yang hanya ditimbun di area tempat pembuangan akhir (TPA telah menyebabkan pencemaran lingkungan berupa kontaminasi air tanah, emisi gas rumah kaca dan masalah kesehatan. Sampah pasar tradisional memiliki potensi yang besar untuk diolah menjadi biogas melalui metode anaerobic digestion. Dengan adanya mikroorganisme, proses ini mampu mendegradasi sampah organik menjadi bahan organik yang stabil dan biogas (metana dan karbondioksida. Salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi proses tersebut adalah adanya senyawa-senyawa antibiotik yang terkandung dalam sampah. Senyawa capsaicinoid dalam sampah buah cabai merupakan senyawa yang berperan dalam rasa pedas cabai memiliki pengaruh negatif terhadap kinerja mikroorganisme dalam mendegradasi sampah menjadi biogas. Pengaruh konsentrasi buah cabai terhadap produksi biogas ini belum banyak diteliti dan diketahui sehingga perlu dilakukan penelitian untuk menentukan konsentrasi minimal yang menyebabkan proses inhibisi (penghambatan.Hasil penelitian membuktikan adanya pengaruh konsentrasi buah cabai (capsaicinoid terhadap produksi biogas. Sampah pasar tradisional dengan konsentrasi 8 g VS/liter yang diumpankan terhadap konsorsium mikroorganisme tanpa adanya buah cabai menghasilkan yield biogas yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan sampah yang tercampur buah cabai. Semakin tinggi konsentrasi buah cabai semakin besar pengaruh penghambatannya (inhibition. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan menurunnya yield biogas yang dihasilkan. Konsentrasi buah cabai yang menghasilkan yield optimal diperoleh pada nilai konsentrasi 5 dan 8 g VS/liter untuk cabai merah dan cabai rawit secara berturut-turut. Yield tertinggi biogas dan gas metana ialah

  16. Structure-activity studies: in vitro antileishmanial and antimalarial activities of anthraquinones from Morinda lucida

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sittie, A A; Lemmich, E; Olsen, C E

    1999-01-01

    Anthraquinones have been isolated by bioassay-guided fractionation from Morinda lucida. Structure-activity studies show that an aldehyde group at C-2 and a phenolic hydroxy group at C-3 enhance the activity of the anthraquinones against the growth of Plasmodium falciparum and promastigotes of Lei...

  17. Studies on antidyslipidemic effects of Morinda citrifolia (Noni fruit, leaves and root extracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mandukhail Saf-ur

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of present study was to provide the pharmacological basis for the medicinal use of Morinda citrifolia Linn in dyslipidemia using the aqueous-ethanolic extracts of its fruits (Mc.Cr.F, leaves (Mc.Cr.L and roots (Mc.Cr.R. Results Mc.Cr.F, Mc.Cr.L and Mc.Cr.R showed antidyslipidemic effects in both triton (WR-1339 and high fat diet-induced dyslipidemic rat models to variable extents. All three extracts caused reduction in total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in triton-induced dyslipidemia. In high fat diet-induced dyslipidemia all these extracts caused significant reduction in total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C, atherogenic index and TC/HDL ratio. Mc.Cr.R extract also caused increase in high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C. The Mc.Cr.L and Mc.Cr.R reduced gain in body weight with a reduction in daily diet consumption but Mc.Cr.F had no effect on body weight and daily diet consumption. Conclusions These data indicate that the antidyslipidemic effect of the plant extracts was meditated through the inhibition of biosynthesis, absorption and secretion of lipids. This may be possibly due partly to the presence of antioxidant constituents in this plant. Therefore, this study rationalizes the medicinal use of Morinda citrifolia in dyslipidemia.

  18. ENVIRONMENTAL SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY (ESEM OF Morinda citrifolia L. (Rubiaceae COLLETERS

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    Sergimar Kennedy de Paiva PINHEIRO

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study describes the colleters of Morinda citrifolia L. (Rubiaceae by using environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS. Two different developmental stages were characterized as well as the chemical composition of secretion. Colleters are secretory structures that produce mucilage protecting the meristems and leaf primordia against desiccation and/or pathogens. Although these secretory structures are common on Rubiaceae, the results reported here is to the best of our knowledge the first record of colleters on Morinda genus. Colleters are present at the stipule adaxial surface, distributed in lines. These secretory structures are standard type and have no base constriction, differently from all studied species until now. In order to better understand the colleters structure and secretion, two phases were distinguished: a secretory phase and a senescence one. On secretory phase standard type colleters were visualized between leaf primordia and stipule, emerge on secretion. They present smooth surface, however was also possible to observe the contours of secretory cells anticlinal walls. In senescent phase colleters morphology was alternated exhibiting rough surface and blunt to point tips. The surface was rough and on stipule sections was possible to observe idioblasts with raphides bundles. The secretion process of M. citrifolia colleters occurs with the disruption of cuticle and the chemical elements are mostly dominated by carbon and oxygen.

  19. KARAKTERISASI TEPUNG BUAH LINDUR (Brugeira gymnorrhiza SEBAGAI BERAS ANALOG DENGAN PENAMBAHAN SAGU DAN KITOSAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    taufik - hidayat

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkarakterisasi tepung lindur,menentukan formulasi beras analog, dan karakterisasi produk beras analog terpilih. Penelitian dilakukanmelalui 3 tahap yaitu pembuatan dan karakterisasi tepung buah lindur, formulasi beras analog dan pembuatananalog, serta karakterisasi produk. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tepung lindur memiliki karbohidrat(86,10%, tanin (0,21%, amilosa (29,96%, total gula (14,75%, dan HCN (1,98 ppm. Formulasi terbaikadalah kombinasi dari tepung lindur 70% dan tepung sagu 30% dengan penambahan kitosan 0,5%. Berasanalog terpilih memiliki karbohidrat (81,58%, densitas kamba (0,80 g/mL, bobot seribu butir (18,08 g,amilosa 20,36%, serat pangan 8,16%, energi bruto (3.240 kal/g dan daya cerna pati (55,22%.Kata kunci: beras analog, buah lindur, formulasi, kitosan, sagu

  20. AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN DARI BUAH MANGROVE (Rhizophora mucronata Lamk. PADA SUHU YANG BERBEDA

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    sri - Purwaningsih

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Rhizophora mucronata Lamk. merupakan tumbuhan mangrove di daerah tropis, dimana buahnya biasadigunakan sebagai bahan pangan dan obat tradisional oleh masyarakat yang hidup di pantai. Tujuan daripenelitian ini adalah menentukan senyawa fi tokimia, dan aktivitas antioksidan buah R. mucronata. Prosesekstraksi menggunakan perlakuan suhu evaporasi (40, 50, 60, 70, and 80oC. Buah R. mucronata Lamk.mengandung kadar air, abu, lemak, protein, dan karbohidrat secara berturut-turut: (31,96; 1,10; 0,86; 2,59and 63,50%. Evaporasi pada suhu 70oC menghasilkan aktivitas antioksidan terbaik dengan nilai IC50 sebesar0,72 ppm. ekstrak tersebut mengandung fl avonoid, tanin, hidroquinon, dan saponin.Kata kunci: aktivitas antioksidan, IC50, fi tokimia, Rhizophora mucronata Lamk.

  1. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Sari Buah dan Jenis Gula Terhadap Mutu Minuman Fungsional dari Bengkuang (Pachyrhizus erosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamsina Kamsina

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Juice of bengkuang is a kind of beverage obtained from the edible part of a fruit through a process of washing, crushing and purification (if required, with or without pasteurization and packaged to be consumed immediately. Bengkuang juice is a functional beverage because besides the taste is fresh, it also gives a positive effect on health, such as drug fever, diabetes mellitus, and cholesterol. Purpose of the study to provide an alternative of bengkuang processing became a functional beverages and to increase the added value of bengkuang. The research design used a completely randomized design (CRD in factorial to see effect of the percentage of bengkuang juice (A consisted of 100% juice (A1, 66% juice (A2, 33% juice (A3 and sugars (B consisted of granulated sugar (B1, cubes sugar (B2, Tropicana sugar (B3. The results showed that the treatment of bengkuang juice concentration and addition of cubes sugar 150 g/l (A1B2 gave the best results based of inulin, total phenols, and vitamin C. For all treatments, microbial contamination of either Total Plate Count and molds/yeasts were < 10 colonies/g (0, Salmonella and coliform bacteria were negative (< 3 APM/g, while the metal contaminant Pb<0.0377 ppm and Cu<0.0153 ppm were below the limit of detection (LOD moreover had storage resistance for 3 months of storage at a temperature condition 5-100C.ABSTRAKSari buah bengkuang adalah sejenis minuman yang diperoleh dari bagian buah yang dapat dimakan melalui proses pencucian, penghancuran, dan penjernihan (jika dibutuhkan, dengan atau tanpa pasteurisasi dan dikemas untuk dapat dikonsumsi langsung. Sari buah bengkuang merupakan minuman fungsional karena selain rasanya yang menyegarkan, juga memberikan efek yang positif terhadap kesehatan, diantaranya sebagai obat demam, diabetes melitus dan kolesterol. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan alternatif pengolahan bengkuang menjadi minuman fungsional yang dapat meningkatkan nilai tambah dari produk olahan

  2. Pengaruh Suhu Penggorengan dan Ketebalan Irisan Buah Terhadap Karakteristik Keripik Nanas Menggunakan Penggorengan Vakum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmawit Asmawit

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Pineapple is one of the fruits that are produced in West Kalimantan. The production which is relatively high and it had a relatively short shelf life that is necessary to diversify the products from pineapple fruit that can add the sale value and extend the shelf life. One potential alternative is to develop the processing become chips. Pineapple chips processing was done by using a vacuum frying.  In the making process of pineapple chips was done by varying of frying temperature at 80, 85 and 90 degC and slice thickness 3, 4 and 5 mm. The research goal was to determine the effect of frying temperature and slice thickness of fruit on the characteristics of pineapple chips. The analysis showed that the frying temperature between 85-90oC and slices thick 3 mm were a good combination in the making of pineapple chips and met the SNI 01-4304-1996.ABSTRAK Nanas merupakan salah satu buah yang banyak dihasilkan di Kalimantan Barat. Produksi nanas yang relatif tinggi dan umur simpan yang relatif pendek mendasari perlu dilakukan diversifikasi produk dari buah nanas sehingga dapat menambah nilai jual dan memperpanjang umur simpan buah. Salah satu alternatif yang potensial untuk dikembangkan adalah dengan mengolahnya menjadi keripik. Pengolahan keripik nanas dilakukan dengan menggunakan alat penggorengan hampa (vacuum frying. Pada proses pembuatan keripik nanas ini dilakukan penelitian berupa variasi suhu penggorengan yaitu 80, 85 dan 90oC dan tebal irisan yaitu 3, 4 dan 5 mm. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah  untuk mengetahui pengaruh suhu penggorengan dan tebal irisan buah terhadap karakteristik keripik nanas. Hasil analisa  menunjukkan bahwa suhu penggorengan antara 85-90oC dan tebal irisan 3 mm, merupakan kombinasi yang baik dalam pembuatan keripik nanas dan sudah memenuhi SNI 01-4304-1996.

  3. KARAKTERISTIK CAMPURAN CANGKANG DAN SERABUT BUAH KELAPA SAWIT TERHADAP NILAI KALOR DI PROPINSI BANGKA BELITUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudi Setiawan

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Pada umumnya uap yang diperlukan untuk memutar turbin dan untuk keperluan perebusan pada suatu pabrik kelapa sawit adalah boiler dengan memanfaatkan kembali limbah hasil pengolahannya berupa campuran cangkang dan serabut buah kelapa sawit sebagai bahan bakar. Kualitas suatu bahan bakar tergantung pada nilai kalor, nilai kalor tergantung pada kadar air, kadar abu, kadar volatilematter dan kadar karbon tetap yang terkandung pada bahan bakar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh campuran bahan bakar terhadap nilai kalor. Komposisi pengujian dalam penelitian ini adalah campuran cangkang dan serabut buah kelapa sawit dengan komposisi 80% serabut 20% cangkang, 75% serabut 25% cangkang, 50% serabut 50% cangkang, 25% serabut 75% cangkang, 20% serabut 80% cangkang. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa komposisi campuran yang memiliki nilai kalor tertinggi adalah campuran 80% serabut 20% cangkang dengan nilai kalor 16.584,233Kj/Kg, kadar air 14,099%, kadar abu 7,776%, kadar volatillematter 69,872%, karbon tetap 7,478%. dari penelitian ini juga disimpulkan bahwa semakin tinggi kadar volatilematter dan kadar karbon tetap semakin tinggi nilai kalor yang dihasilkan dan sebaliknya semakin tinggi kadar air dan kadar abu maka nilai kalor yang dihasilkan semakin rendah pada bahan bakar cangkang, serabut buah kelapa sawit

  4. Tingkat Parasitasi Fopius arisanus (Hymenoptera : Braconidae pada Lalat Buah Belimbing di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

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    Suputa Suputa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Bactrocera carambolae was founf on carambola fruit in Yogyakarta Special Province and there were three species of parasitoids, i.e. Fopius arisanus, Agasnaspis sp., and Asobara sp. The population of Agasnaspis sp. and Asobara sp. were very low and was only found in Samas coastal area. F. arisanus was dominant and always found in all observation sites. There was no significant result on their parasitism (for region, F(2,35 = 0.057; p>0.005; for elevation, F(2,35= 0.704, p>0.05; for habitat, F(2,35= 0.215, p>0.05. Parasitism of F. arisanus on fruit fly in Yogyakarta Special Province was generally low, i.e. it ranged from 0.5495 ± 0.3843 (in Sleman, to 1.2935 ± 0.8206%. Evaluation of the existence of F. arisanus and augmentation efforts might be needed to improve its ability to parasitize fruit fly in Yogyakarta Special Province.   Lalat buah yang menyerang buah belimbing lokal di Daerah Yogyakarta adalah Bactrocera carambolae dan tidak ditemukan lalat buat spesies lain pada penelitian ini, sedangkan parasitoid yang menyerang lalat buah B. carambolae ada tiga spesies yaitu Fopius arisanus, Agasnaspis sp., dan Asobora sp. Populasi Agasnaspis sp. dan Asobara sp. sangat rendah dan hanya ditemukan di Kabupaten Bantul di daerah pesisir pantai Samas, sementara di lokasi pengamatan yang lain tidak ditemukan, sedangkan F. arisanus merupakan parasitoid yang selalu ditemukan pada berbagai lokasi pengamatan. Uji beda nyata menunjukkan bahwa tingkat parasitasi F. arisanus di Yogyakarta tidak berbeda secara nyata berdasarkan kategori daerah administrasi (F(2,35 = 0.057; p>0.005; ketinggian tempat, F(2,35= 0.704, p>0.05; dan habitat, F(2,35= 0.215, p>0.05. Tingkat parasitasi F, arisanus pada lalat buah di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta sangat rendah yaitu sekitar  0.5495 ± 0.3843 (di Sleman sampaidengan 1.2935 ± 0.8206%. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa di setiap kanupaten yang diamati, populasi lalat buah B. carambolae

  5. SKRINING BAKTERI SIMBION PADA LALAT BUAH (Drosophilla melanogaster SEBAGAI KANDIDAT PENGHASIL SENYAWA ANTIBIOTIKA

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    Armini Syamsidi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Now the emergence of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is a national and global issues that have a significant impact on public health. We report the screening of bacterial symbionts in fruit flies (Drosophilla melanogaster as a producer of new antibiotic compounds. This study aims to get antibiotic-producing bacterial symbionts in fruit flies (Drosophilla melanogaster. In this study used methods of isolation, purification and antibacterial testing using four test bacteria (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, and Salmonella thyposa. Isolation of fruit flies (Drosophilla melanogaster that uses peptone solution prepared dilutions to 10-9 and then purification is done by scraping the bacteria on NA medium by repeatedly to obtain pure isolates and subsequently antibacterial test. The results showed that the bacterial isolation 10-8 and 10-9 dilutions allegedly produce antibiotic-producing compound while the antibacterial test using test bacteria showed that the compound obtained from the insulation in the fruit fly (Drosophilla melanogaster showed the compound to inhibit the growth of bacteria Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Keywords: fruit flies, Drosophilla melanogaster, antibiotics ABSTRAK Munculnya resistensi bakteri terhadap antibiotika saat ini merupakan masalah nasional dan global yang memiliki dampak signifikan bagi kesehatan masyarakat. Telah dilakukan penelitian mengenai skrining bakteri simbion pada lalat buah (Drosophilla melanogaster sebagai penghasil senyawa antibiotika baru. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan bakteri simbion penghasil antibiotika pada lalat buah (Drosophilla melanogaster. Pada penelitian ini digunakan metode isolasi, pemurnian dan pengujian antibakteri dengan menggunakan 4 bakteri uji (Escherchia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, dan Salmonella thyposa. Isolasi lalat buah (Drosophilla melanogaster yang  menggunakan larutan pepton yang dibuat pengenceran

  6. PENGARUH ETHNOSENTRISME TERHADAP SIKAP, PREFERENSI DAN PERILAKU PEMBELIAN BUAH LOKAL DAN IMPOR

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    Popy Anggasari

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe purpose of this research were to 1 analyze the effect of ethnocentrism towards income and educational level; 2 analyze the effect of ethnocentrism on consumers' attitudes; 3 analyze the effect of ethnocentrism on purchasing behavior; 4 analyze the effect of ethnocentrism on consumers’ preferences; and 5 formulate marketing strategies of local fruits. The study used a survey approach with descriptive study design and cross sectional study. Data were collected through questionnaires with non probability sampling technique using convenience sampling technique. Consumer ethnocentrism was measured by the consumer ethnocentrism scale. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results of this study showed that 49,33% of respondents had medium ethnocentrism level. Ethnocentrism has a positive and significant relationship to preferences and buying behavior. Strategy recommendations were made based on the research findings. The fruits need to be segmented by the grade; higher price should be given to the fruit with good quality and attractive appearance, while fruits with lower quality should be given appropriate price.Keywords:  ethnocentrism, attitude, preference, purchasing behavior, fruits, structural equation modeling (SEMABSTRAKTujuan daripenelitian ini adalah 1 menganalisis pengaruh hubungan ethnosentrisme terhadap pendapatan dan tingkat pendidikan, 2 menganalisis pengaruh etnosentrisme untuk sikap konsumen, 3 menganalisis pengaruh etnosentrisme untuk perilaku pembelian, 4 menganalisis pengaruh etnosentrisme untuk konsumen preferensi, dan 5 merumuskan strategi pemasaran buah-buahan lokal. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan survei dengan desain penelitian deskriptif dan cross sectional study. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui pengisian kuesioner dengan teknik nonprobability sampling technique menggunakan metode convenience sampling. Etnosentrisme konsumen diukur dengan consumer ethnocentrism scale. Data dianalisis

  7. PENGARUH AKTIVASI FISIKA DAN KIMIA ARANG AKTIF BUAH BINTARO TERHADAP DAYA SERAP LOGAM BERAT KROM

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    Rosalina Hasan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Cerbera odollam Gaertn. activated carbon was derived from mangrove plant which is poisonous and planted as shade tree. The morphology of Cerbera odollam Gaertn. fruit is similar with coconut shell and the contains of lignin and cellulose is higher than coconut. Cerbera odollam Gaertn. fruit was dried, cut and carbonized at 300 oC, 400 oC and 500oC. Then Cerbera odollam Gaertn. carbon was activated by physical steam activation and chemical activation, using H3PO4 (5% & 10% and KOH (5% & 10%, at activation temperature 650oC and activation time 60 and 90 minutes. Proksimat analysis of Cerbera odollam Gaertn. carbon was carried out to determine moisture, volatile content, fly ash, fix carbon, ash content and iod adsorption, total chromium by using AAS. The result showed that activated carbon derived from Cerbera odollam Gaertn. fruit which was activated by KOH 5% at 60 minutes improved the chromium adsorption for about 99.474%.Keywords:             activated carbon, adsorption, Cerbera odollam Gaertn., chromium, physical and chemical activation ABSTRAKArang aktif buah bintaro (Cerbera odollam Gaertn. berasal dari tumbuhan mangrove bintaro yang beracun dan banyak ditanam sebagai pohon peneduh kota. Bentuk buah bintaro menyerupai serabut kelapa dan memiliki kandungan lignin dan selulosa yang melebihi tanaman kelapa. Buah bintaro dikeringkan, dipotong dan dikarbonisasi pada temperatur 300 oC, 400oC  dan 500oC serta diaktivasi secara fisika menggunakan uap air dan secara kimia mengunakan H3PO4 (5% & 10% dan KOH (5% & 10% pada temperatur 650oC dengan waktu aktivasi 60 dan 90 menit.  Analisis proksimat yang meliputi kadar air, kadar abu, kadar zat mudah menguap, kadar karbon terikat dan daya serap iod serta uji kadar krom total dengan menggunakan AAS. Adsorpsi krom dilakukan dengan penambahan asam sulfat 4 N hingga pH 4 sebelum diolah dengan arang aktif buah bintaro. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan arang yang diaktivasi dengan KOH 5%  dan waktu

  8. PEMANFAATAN KULIT BUAH NAGA (Dragon Fruit SEBAGAI PEWARNA ALAMI MAKANAN PENGGANTI PEWARNA SINTETIS

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    Prima Astuti Handayani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Kulit buah naga merupakan limbah hasil pertanian yang mengandung zat warna alami antosianin cukup tinggi. Antosianin merupakan zat warna yang berperan memberikan warna merah yang berpotensi menjadi pewarna alami untuk pangan dan dapat dijadikan alternatif pengganti pewarna sintetis yang lebih aman bagi kesehatan. Pengambilan zat warna antosianin dilakukan dengan metode ekstraksi. Pelarut yang digunakan adalah aquades. Variabel penelitian antara lain varietas buah naga, konsentrasi asam sitrat dalam pelarut, suhu ekstraksi, dan waktu ekstraksi. Potongan kulit buah naga diekstraksi dengan pelarut aquades dan asam sitrat dengan perbandingan tertentu, pada suhu ekstraksi 25-800C dan waktu ekstraksi 0,5-3 jam. Analisis kadar antosianin dilakukan dengan analisa antosianin metode Glusti dan Wrolstad. Hasil percobaan diperoleh bahwa varietas buah naga daging merah menghasilkan kadar antosianin terbesar 22,59335 ppm. Selain itu kadar antosianin terbesar diperoleh pada variasi pelarut aquades:asam sitrat (5:1 26,4587 ppm, variasi pada suhu kamar menghasilkan 21,5028 ppm dan waktu pengadukan  3 jam menghasilkan 23,3027 ppm. Pewarna alami ini telah diaplikasikan pada makanan dan diujikan pada tikus putih, hasil uji coba menunjukkan pewarna buah naga dapat dipakai sebagai pewarna alami makanan. Dragon fruit peel is agricultural waste which contains quite high natural pigments of anthocyanins. Anthocyanin is a dye that potentially provides a red natural colorant for food and alternatively used as synthetic dye which is safe for health. In this study, the process of taking anthocyanin was conducted using extraction method. The solvent used was distilled water. The variables observed in the research include dragon fruit varieties, the concentration of citric acid in the solvent, extraction temperature, and extraction time. The dragon fruit peel was extracted using solvents of distilled water and citric acid at a certain ratio, at extraction temperature

  9. Anti-inflammatory and Quinone Reductase Inducing Compounds from Fermented Noni (Morinda citrifolia) Juice Exudates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youn, Ui Joung; Park, Eun-Jung; Kondratyuk, Tamara P; Sang-Ngern, Mayuramas; Wall, Marisa M; Wei, Yanzhang; Pezzuto, John M; Chang, Leng Chee

    2016-06-24

    A new fatty acid ester disaccharide, 2-O-(β-d-glucopyranosyl)-1-O-(2E,4Z,7Z)-deca-2,4,7-trienoyl-β-d-glucopyranose (1), a new ascorbic acid derivative, 2-caffeoyl-3-ketohexulofuranosonic acid γ-lactone (2), and a new iridoid glycoside, 10-dimethoxyfermiloside (3), were isolated along with 13 known compounds (4-16) from fermented noni fruit juice (Morinda citrifolia). The structures of the new compounds, together with 4 and 5, were determined by 1D and 2D NMR experiments, as well as comparison with published values. Compounds 2 and 7 showed moderate inhibitory activities in a TNF-α-induced NF-κB assay, and compounds 4 and 6 exhibited considerable quinone reductase-1 (QR1) inducing effects.

  10. Two New Metabolites from the Endophytic Fungus Alternaria sp. A744 Derived from Morinda officinalis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ying; Liu, Hong-Xin; Chen, Yu-Chan; Sun, Zhang-Hua; Li, Hao-Hua; Li, Sai-Ni; Yan, Ming-Li; Zhang, Wei-Min

    2017-05-08

    Two new compounds isobenzofuranone A ( 1 ) and indandione B ( 2 ), together with eleven known compounds ( 3 - 13 ) were isolated from liquid cultures of an endophytic fungus Alternaria sp., which was obtained from the medicinal plant Morinda officinalis . Among them, the indandione ( 2 ) showed a rarely occurring indanone skeleton in natural products. Their structures were elucidated mainly on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data analysis. All of the compounds were evaluated with cytotoxic and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity assays. Compounds 11 and 12 showed significant inhibitory activities against four tumor cell lines; MCF-7, HepG-2, NCI-H460 and SF-268, with IC 50 values in the range of 1.91-9.67 μM, and compounds 4 , 5 , 9 , 10 , 12 and 13 showed excellent inhibitory activities against α-glucosidase with IC 50 values in the range of 12.05-166.13 μM.

  11. ATIVIDADE ANTIMICROBIANA E EFEITO COMBINADO SOBRE DROGAS ANTIFÚNGICAS E ANTIBACTERIANAS DO FRUTO DE Morinda citrifolia L.

    OpenAIRE

    Saulo R. TINTINO; Abel A. de C. NETO; Irwin R. A. MENEZES; Cícera Datiane de M. OLIVEIRA; Henrique D. M. COUTINHO

    2015-01-01

    La aparición de microorganismos resistentes y la toxicidad asociada a los antimicrobianos aumenta la necesidad de investigar nuevos principios activos. Morinda citrifolia L., es una planta fructífera utilizada popularmente como antibacteriano y con otros diversos usos farmacológicos. Posee diversos metabolitos primarios y secundarios, principalmente flavonoides, triterpenoides y alcaloides. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo ensayar la potencial actividad antimicrobiana y moduladora de los extra...

  12. Hypoglycaemic and hypolipidaemic effects of crude extracts and chromatographic fractions of Morinda morindoides root bark in diabetic rats

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    Johnny Olufemi Olukunle

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Hypoglycaemic and hypolipidaemic effects of different extracts and fractions of root bark from the plant Morinda morindoides (Baker Milne-Redh of the family Rubiaceae were evaluated in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. The aqueous and methanolic extracts were administered to 48 rats orally at a dose of 400 mg·kg-1 for 21 days. Fractions (hydromethanol, hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate from bio-activity guided fractionation and chromatographic sub fractions (CsF A-F from accelerated gradient chromatography were also evaluated in 45 rats for the hypoglycaemic activity at doses of 400 mg·kg-1, 200 mg·kg-1 and 100 mg·kg-1 of solvent fractions and (CsF A-F, respectively. Glibenclamide was used as positive control. Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate and distilled water administered to rats were used as negative controls. The dose of 400 mg·kg-1 of aqueous and methanolic extracts and 100 mg·kg-1 of chloroform CsF B of Morinda morindoides caused (62.8%, 56% and 74%, respectively reductions in blood glucose level (BGL. The aqueous extract caused significant (P -1, low density lipoprotein (66.38 ± 2.5 mg·dl-1 and significant (P -1 when compared to the control. These results confirm the folkloric claim of the hypoglycaemic and hypolipidaemic activities of Morinda morindoides root bark.

  13. Modes of Inhibition of α-Amylase and α-Glucosidase by Aqueous Extract of Morinda lucida Benth Leaf

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    M. I. Kazeem

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of glucose metabolism. The management of blood glucose level is the hallmark in the treatment of this disease. This may be achieved through the use of oral hypoglycemic drugs such as biguanides, insulin secretagogues, and α-glucosidase inhibitors. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of Morinda lucida leaf extracts on the activities of α-amylase and α-glucosidase. This was performed using α-amylase from Aspergillus oryzae and α-glucosidase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Aqueous extract of Morinda lucida gave the highest percentage yield (9.99% of the plant out of the three extracts (compared to acetone and ethanolic extracts and possesses the highest inhibitory activity against α-amylase (IC50 value of 2.30 mg/mL and α-glucosidase (IC50 value of 2.00 mg/mL. Kinetic analysis revealed that the aqueous extract of this plant leaf inhibited the α-amylase competitively but displayed mixed noncompetitive mode of inhibition towards α-glucosidase. It can be concluded that aqueous extract of Morinda lucida exhibited the best inhibitory activity on the two enzymes studied and the presence of phytochemicals like flavonoids, saponins, and tannins may have contributed greatly to the inhibitory activity of the plant extract.

  14. Gambaran Konsumsi Sayur dan Buah Penduduk Indonesia dalam Konteks Gizi Seimbang: Analisis Lanjut Survei Konsumsi Makanan Individu (SKMI 2014

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    Hermina Hermina

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Fruits and vegetables consumption was required by human body as sources of vitamins, minerals and fibers in achieving a healthy and nutritious balanced diet. The objective of the analysis is to obtain proportion and the average of fruits and vegetables consumed by Indonesian population at the age group, both in urban and rural areas from the 2014 Individual Food Consumption Survey The analysis showed that almost all Indonesion population consume vegetables (94.8% but only a few of them that consume fruits (33.2%. Average vegetables consumption was 70.0g/person/day and fruit consumption was 38.8 grams/grams/person/day. Total consumption of vegetables and fruits were 108.8g/person/day. When they were compared to the recommended adequacy under the guidelines of balanced nutrition, fruits and vegetables consumption were still low. A total of 97.1% of the population did not consume enough vegetables and fruits. When it was compared to the age group, teenagers were the highest age groups who consumed less fruit and vegetables (98.4%. The study concludes that the average consumption of vegetables and fruits of the Indonesian population was still low, in the context of balanced nutrition by age group, both in urban and rural areas, and the lowest was teenagers. Key words : fruits and vegetables, consumption, balanced nutrition, Indonesian population AbstrakKonsumsi sayur dan buah diperlukan tubuh sebagai sumber vitamin, mineral dan serat dalam mencapai pola makan sehat dengan gizi seimbang untuk kesehatan yang optimal. Tujuan analisis lanjut untuk mendapatkan informasi proporsi dan rerata jumlah sayur dan buah yang dikonsumsi penduduk menurut kelompok umur, baik di perkotaan maupun di perdesaan dalam konteks gizi seimbang. Data yang dianalisis merupakan hasil Survei Konsumsi Makanan Individu (SKMI 2014. Pengumpulan data dilakukan oleh Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Data konsumsi dikumpulkan dengan metode recall 1x24 jam, dilakukan

  15. AKTIVITAS PROTEOLITIK PAPAIN KASAR GETAH BUAH PEPAYA DENGAN BERBAGAI METODE PENGERINGAN

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    Deivy Andhika Permata

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Papain merupakan enzim golongan protease yang banyak digunakan di industri. Salah satu proses penting dalam menghasilkan produk papain kasar adalah pengeringan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kadar air, kadar abu, kadar protein, dan aktivitas proteolitik papain kasar getah buah pepaya dengan berbagai metode pegeringan. Metode pengeringan yang digunakan pada penelitian ini, yaitu pengeringan matahari (solar drying, pengeringan kabinet (cabinet drying, pengeringan vakum (vacuum drying dan pengeringan beku (freeze drying. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang dilakukan disimpulkan bahwa metode vakum menghasilkan aktivitas proteolitik tertinggi dibanding metode lainnya.

  16. EKSTRAKSI PEKTIN KULIT BUAH NAGA (Dragon fruit DAN APLIKASINYA SEBAGAI EDIBLE FILM

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    Megawati -

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Ekstraksi pektin kulit buah naga dilakukan menggunakan metode Microwave Assisted Extraction (MAE dengan variasi berat bahan (10, 15, and 20 gram dan waktu ekstraksi (15, 20, and 25 minute. Ekstraksi dengan variasi berat bahan dilakukan pada waktu ekstraksi 25 menit dan daya 600 W, sedangkan ekstraksi dengan variasi waktu dilakukan pada berat bahan 10 gram dan daya 600 W. Pektin yang diperoleh dianalisis kadar pektinnya menggunakan uji Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR dan diproses menjadi edible film. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa yield pektin kulit buah naga  dengan metode MAE  lebih besar dibandingkan metode konvensional. Variasi berat bahan mempengaruhi yield pektin yang dihasilkan, semakin sedikit bahan yang digunakan dalam ekstraksi, semakin besar yield pektin kulit buah naga yang dihasilkan. Yield pektin terbesar (72 % dihasilkan pada variasi berat 10 gram. Variasi waktu ekstraksi juga memberikan pengaruh terhadap yield pektin, semakin lama waktu ekstraksi semakin besar yield pektin kulit buah naga yang dihasilkan. Yield pektin terbesar dihasilkan pada waktu ekstraksi 25 menit. Pektin hasil ekstraksi dapat digunakan sebagai bahan edible film. Extraction of pectinfrom dragon fruit peel is conducted using Microwave Assisted Extraction (MAE method with the variation of the weight of the raw materials are 10, 15, and 20 gram and the time of the extraction are 15, 20 and 25 minutes. Extraction with the variation of the weight of raw material is conducted in 25 minutes using power of 600 W, whereas the extraction with the variation of time is conducted with 10 gram of raw material using power of 600 W. The obtained pectin was analyzed using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR and processed into edible film. The result of the research shows that MAE method provides more yield of dragon fruit peel rather than the conventional method. The variation of the weight affecting the amount of the obtained pectin, the less material used in the

  17. SCREENING DAN KARAKTERISASI PEKTINESTERASE SEBAGAI ENZIM POTENSIAL DALAM KLARIFIKASI SARI BUAH JERUK KEPROK GARUT (Citrus nobilis var.chrysocarpa

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    Rohula Utami

    2015-11-01

    6, dan KK 2 berturut-turut adalah 1,218; 0,826; 0,969; dan 1,080 U/ml. Enzim pektinesterase isolat KK 2 memiliki karakteristik yang paling sesuai untuk aplikasi dalam klarifikasi sari buah jeruk keprok garut dibandingkan dengan enzim pektinesterase isolat lainnya. Kata kunci: Enzim, klarifikasi, pektin, pektinesterase, jeruk keprok garut

  18. UJI KETAHANAN BEBERAPA GALUR KAPAS (Gossypium hirsutum HASIL RADIASI TERHADAP SERANGGA HAMA PENGGEREK BUAH Helicoverpa armigera(Hǖbner

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    Dwi Sunarto

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Uji  ketahanan beberapa galur kapas (Gossypium hirsutum terhadap  penggerek buah Helicoverpa armigera (Hǖbner dilaksanakan di laboratorium Entomologi Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pemanis dan Serat Malang pada bulan Januari sampai dengan Mei 2011. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi ketahanan beberapa galur kapas hasil radiasi terhadap penggerek buah H. armigera.  Perlakuan disusun menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK yang terdiri atas empat galur hasil radiasi yaitu galur IA, 2A, 4A, dan 2C, dua varietas hasil radiasi yaitu Karisma, NIAB, dan dua varietas hasil pemuliaan konvensional yaitu Kanesia 10 dan Kanesia 15.  Setiap perlakuan diulang 3 kali.  Pengujian dilakukan dengan cara uji pakan (feeding assay daun, kuncup daun, dan buah muda sesuai dengan perkembangan larva H. armigera.  Larva instar I, instar II-III, dan instar IV-V berturut-turut diberikan daun muda, kuncup bunga, dan buah muda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa galur kapas nomor 1A, 2A, 4A, dan 4C merupakan galur yang toleran terhadap H. armigera.  Kata kunci : Gossypium hirsutum, Helicoverpa armigera,   ketahanan  varietas.

  19. Morinda citrifolia Linn: potencialidades para su utilización en la salud humana

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    Nirda E González Lavaut

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Noni es el nombre común de la Morinda citrifolia Linn. originaria de la Polinesia, Malasia, Australia, India y el Sudeste de Asia, pero se ha extendido a casi todas las regiones del mundo. En este trabajo se muestran los aspectos más importantes que sobre esta planta aparecen en publicaciones, fundamentalmente de la vía Internet y del Chemical Abstracts en los últimos 5 años, que permitan valorar las potencialidades para su uso en la salud humana. En la medicina tradicional las frutas, flores, hojas, corteza y raíz de esta planta han sido utilizadas para diversos propósitos medicinales. Entre las afecciones más tratadas se encuentran la alergia, artritis, asma, cáncer, diabetes, depresión, debilidad física, desórdenes menstruales, obesidad y estrés. Si bien se ha encontrado en los extractos de varias partes de la planta una elevada cantidad de componentes e incluso algunos se han llegado a aislar, se considera que la acción farmacológica y beneficiosa se alcanza únicamente por el efecto sinérgico de todos los componentes.Noni is the common name given to Morinda citrifolia Linn. It is originating from Polinesia, Malasia, Australia, India and Southeast Asia, but it has extended to almost every region of the world. In this paper, the most important aspects of this plant appearing in publications, Internet and the Chemical Abstracts in the last 5 years that allow to assess the potentialities for its use in human health, are shown. In traditional medicine, the fruit, flowers, leaves, cortex and root of this plant have been used for diverse medicinal purposes. Allergy, arthritis, asthma, cancer, diabetes, depression, physical weakness, menstrual disorders, obesity and stress are among the most treated affections. Although in the extracts of various parts of the plant, a high number of components has been found and even some of them have been isolated, it is considered that the pharmacological and beneficial action is only reached by

  20. Uji Daya Hambat Ekstrak Buah Belimbing Manis (Averrhoa carambola terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Streptococcus pneumoniae secara In Vitro

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    Rita Risandi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakBuah belimbing manis (Averrhoa carambola merupakan salah satu tanaman Indonesia yang diyakini memiliki khasiat obat. Salah satu manfaat yang dapat diambil dari sari buah belimbing manis (Averrhoa carambola adalah dapat mengobati radang tenggorokan. Radang tenggorokan merupakan salah satu infeksi yang disebabkan oleh bakteri Streptococcus pneumoniae. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan daya hambat ekstrak buah belimbing manis (Averrhoa carambola terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri Streptococcus pneumoniae  secara in vitro. Metode studi ini ialah eksperimental dengan desain postest only control group design yang dilakukan di Laboratorium Biota Sumatera Universitas Andalas dan Laboratorium Mikrobiologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas dari Agustus sampai Oktober 2014. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak buah belimbing manis (Averrhoa carambola dengan konsentrasi yaitu 5%, 10%, 15% dan 20% tidak memiliki daya hambat terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri Streptococcus pneumoniae.  Hal ini terbukti karena tidak terbentuk zona hambat pada agar darah dan tidak terdapat pengaruh lama kontak ekstrak buah belimbing manis (Averrhoa carambola  terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri Streptococcus pneumoniae secara in vitro. Ekstrak buah belimbing manis tidak memiliki efek antibakteri terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri Streptococcus pneumoniae.Kata kunci: ekstrak buah belimbing manis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, daya hambat Abstract             Star fruit (Averrhoa carambola is a Indonesian plant that is believed to have medicinal properties. One of the benefits that can be drawn from the juice of star fruit (Averrhoa carambola is the ability to treat strep throat. Strep throat is a bacterial infection caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. The objective of this study was to determine the inhibitory extract of star fruit (Averrhoa carambola on the growth of the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae in vitro. This was an experimental  research  with design

  1. KANDUNGAN TEMBAGA (Cu) BUAH LINDUR (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza), PEDADA (Sonneratia caseolaris), NYIRIH (Xylocarpus granatum), dan BAKAU (Rhizophora mucronata) di TAMAN HUTAN RAYA NGURAH RAI, BALI

    OpenAIRE

    Anak Agung Putri Cintya Paramitha Utari; Iryanti Eka Suprihatin; Ni Komang Ariati

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRAK: Analisis kandungan Cu dalam buah Lindur (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza), Pedada (Sonneratia caseolaris), Nyirih (Xylocarpus granatum), dan Bakau (Rhizophora mucronata) telah dilakukan. Lokasi pengambilan sampel ialah Taman Hutan Raya (Tahura) Ngurah Rai, Bali yang merupakan muara Sungai Mati dan Sungai Badung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kandungan Cu(II) buah lindur, pedada, nyirih dan bakau. Penentuan konsentrasi ion logam Cu (II) dilakukan dengan metode adisi standar dan diuk...

  2. Penentuan Kadar Karoten dan Bilangan DOBI Pada CPO Limbah Buah Kelapa Sawit Dengan Alat Spektro- Fotometer Uv-Visible Di Pusat Penelitian Kelapa Sawit (PPKS)

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    Sinaga, Darwin M

    2017-01-01

    142401197 Telah dilakukan percobaan penentuan kadar Karoten dan bilangan DOBI pada CPO limbah buah kelapa sawit dengan alat spektrofotometer UV-Visible. Pada penentuan kadar karoten dan bilangan DOBI dilakukan dengan alat spektrofotometer UV-Visible dengan menggunakan larutan standar n-heksan. Dari hasil data yang diperoleh untuk kadar karoten adalah 291,0482 ppm dan dari hasil data yang diperoleh untuk bilangan DOBI adalah 0,6198565. Dari analisa CPO pada limbah buah kelapa sawit tidak se...

  3. Pengaruh Word Of Mouth terhadap Minat Beli Konsumen Baraya Travel Pool Buah Batu (Studi pada Mahasiswa Administrasi Bisnis Universitas Telkom Angkatan 2013)

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    Anisa Agnelia, Revina; Wardhana, Aditya

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to analyze the effect of Word of Mouth towards Buah Batu Baraya Travel Consumer Purchase Intention. The method that being used is descriptive - causal. The sampling technique that being used is nonprobability sampling with the sampling method incidental sampling. The data collection is done by distributing questionnaires to 100 Students of Business Administration Student 2013 of Telkom University that know Baraya Travel pool Buah Batu. Data analysis technique that being used ...

  4. Uji teratogenik ekstrak Pandanus conoideus varietas buah kuning terhadap perkembangan embrio tikus putih (Rattus norvegicus

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    LINTAL MUNA

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Muna L, Astirin OP, Sugiyarto. 2011. Uji teratogenik ekstrak Pandanus conoideus varietas buah kuning terhadap perkembangan embrio tikus putih (Rattus norvegicus. Bioteknologi 8: 65-77. Penelitiian ini betujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh pemberian ekstrak Pandanus conoideus Lam. var. buah kuning terhadap persentase fetus hidup, kematian intrauterus, berat dan panjang fetus, keadaan morfologi fetus, serta struktur skeleton fetus tikus putih. Dalam penelitian ini diggunakan 25 tikus bunting yang dibagi menjadi lima kelompok secara acak, sehingga masing-masing kelompok terdiri dari lima ekor tikus. Setiap kelompok diberi dosis yang berbeda. P1 (kontrol diberi 1 mL minyak wijen, P2 , P3, P4 dan P5 diberi ekstrak masing-masing: 0,02 mL, 0,04 mL, 0,08 mL dan 0,16 mL. Ekstrak tersebut diberikan secara oral pada kebuntingan hari ke 5 sampai hari ke 17 (fase organogenesis. Pengamatan dilakukan pada hari ke 18 dengan cara bedah sesar untuk menggambil fetus dari uterus. Morfologi fetu s diamati setelah fetus dikeluarkan dari uterus, sedangkan untuk pengamatan struktur skeleton dibuat preparat wholemount dengan pewarnaan ganda Alcian blue dan Allizarrin Red-S. Hasil percobaan diianalisis dengan ANAVA satu jalur. Hasil penelitiann menunjukkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak tidak berpengaruh terhadap persentase fetus hidup, kematian intrauterus, serta berat dan panjang fetus (P≥0,05. Pemberian ekstrak pada induk mengakibatkan kecacatan skeleton (lordosis fetus pada dosis 0,16 mL dan menghambat osifikasi fetus.

  5. Perancangan Permainan "Membuat Bioetanol dari Limbah Buah" Menggunakan Adobe Flash CS3

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    Nurul Arifa

    2014-01-01

    Permainan membuat bioetanol ini ditujukan untuk semua kalangan dan usia, namun lebih dikhususkan untuk kalangan pelajar SMP dikarenakan pada masa jenjang pendidikan ini sesuai dengan kurikulum mata pelajaran ilmu pengetahuan alam telah diajarkan tentang unsur, senyawa, larutan asam basa yang diperlukan sebagai dasar awal untuk memahami istilah-istilah dalam pembuatan bioetanol. Hasil pengujian permainan menunjukkan bahwa permainan ini dapat berjalan dengan baik pada sistem operasi Windows 7. Tombol-tombol dan fungsi-fungsi pada permainan juga dapat berfungsi dengan baik dan sesuai dengan fungsionalitasnya masing-masing pengujian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode black-box. Berdasarkan pengujian yang dilakukan oleh pengguna yaitu 30 siswa SMP, permainan “Membuat Bioetanol Dari Limbah Buah” ini membantu dalam mengenalkan tahap-tahap membuat bioetanol dari limbah buah, serta tampilan permainannya bagus. Hal ini terlihat pada semua aspek penilaian yang telah dihitung menggunakan skala Likert. Permainan ini dapat digunakan sebagai media yang dapat memberikan pengetahuan tentang tahap-tahap dalam membuat bioetanol dari limbah buah.

  6. Identifikasi Golongan Senyawa Kimia Estrak Etanol Buah Pare (Momordica charantia dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Penurunan Kadar Glukosa Darah Tikus Putih Jantan (Rattus novergicus yang Diinduksi Aloksan

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    I Ketut Angga Yuda

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui golongan senyawa kimia ekstrak etanol buah pare (M. charantia sebagai penurun kadar glukosa darah tikus putih jantan (R. novergicus yang diinduksi aloksan. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 25 ekor tikus putih jantan (R. novergicus berumur 3 bulan dengan berat rata-rata 150-300 g. Rancangan yang digunakan berupa Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL dengan lima perlakuan sebagai berikut, perlakuan I sebagai kontrol yaitu tikus normal tanpa perlakuan, Perlakuan II kontrol diabetes, perlakuan III tikus diabetes dan ekstrak buah pare 100 mg/kg bb, perlakuan IV tikus diabetes dan ekstrak buah pare 50 mg/kg bb, dan perlakuan V tikus diabetes dan glibenklamid 1 mg/kg bb. Hasil penelitan menunjukan buah pare mengandung zat flavonoid, polifenol, dan saponin. Pemberian ekstrak etanol buah pare (M. charantia dapat menurunkan kadar glukosa darah tikus putih (R. novergicus penderita diabetes dengan diinduksi aloksan secara signifikan P<0,05 yang sebanding dengan pemberian glibenklamid. Dengan demikian, ekstrak etanol buah pare dapat digunakan sebagai penurun kadar glukosa darah.

  7. Bioassay-Guided Isolated Compounds from Morinda officinalis Inhibit Alzheimer’s Disease Pathologies

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    Yoon Kyoung Lee

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Due to the side effects of synthetic drugs, the therapeutic potential of natural products for Alzheimer’s disease (AD has gained interest. Morinda officinalis has demonstrated inhibitory effects on geriatric diseases, such as bone loss and osteoporosis. However, although AD is a geriatric disease, M. officinalis has not been evaluated in an AD bioassay. Therefore, M. officinalis extracts and fractions were tested for AD-related activity, including inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE, butyrylcholinesterase (BChE, β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1, and advanced glycation end-product (AGE formation. A bioassay-guided approach led to isolation of 10 active compounds, eight anthraquinones (1–8, one coumarin (9, and one phytosterol (10, from n-hexane and ethyl acetate fractions of M. officinalis. The five anthraquinones (4–8 were stronger inhibitors of AChE than were other compounds. Compounds 3 and 9 were good inhibitors of BChE, and compounds 3 and 8 were good inhibitors of BACE1. Compounds 1–5 and 7–9 were more active than the positive control in inhibiting AGE formation. In addition, we first suggested a structure-activity relationship by which anthraquinones inhibit AChE and BACE1. Our findings demonstrate the preventive and therapeutic efficacy of M. officinalis for AD and its potential use as a natural alternative medicine.

  8. Evaluation of the Wound-Healing Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Morinda citrifolia L. Leaf

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    B. Shivananda Nayak

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Morinda citrifolia L. (noni is one of the most important traditional Polynesian medicinal plants. The primary indigenous use of this plant appears to be of the leaves, as a topical treatment for wound healing. The ethanol extract of noni leaves (150 mg kg−1 day−1 was used to evaluate the wound-healing activity on rats, using excision and dead space wound models. Animals were randomly divided into two groups of six for each model. Test group animals in each model were treated with the ethanol extract of noni orally by mixing in drinking water and the control group animals were maintained with plain drinking water. Healing was assessed by the rate of wound contraction, time until complete epithelialization, granulation tissue weight and hydoxyproline content. On day 11, the extract-treated animals exhibited 71% reduction in the wound area when compared with controls which exhibited 57%. The granulation tissue weight and hydroxyproline content in the dead space wounds were also increased significantly in noni-treated animals compared with controls (P < 0.002. Enhanced wound contraction, decreased epithelialization time, increased hydroxyproline content and histological characteristics suggest that noni leaf extract may have therapeutic benefits in wound healing.

  9. Phytochemical screening and chemical variability in volatile oils of aerial parts of Morinda morindoides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiazolu, J Boima; Intisar, Azeem; Zhang, Lingyi; Wang, Yun; Zhang, Runsheng; Wu, Zhongping; Zhang, Weibing

    2016-10-01

    Morinda morindoides is an important Liberian traditional medicine for the treatment of malaria, fever, worms etc. The plant was subjected to integrated approaches including phytochemical screening and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analyses. Phytochemical investigation of the powdered plant revealed the presence of phenolics, tannins, flavonoids, saponins, terpenes, steroidal compounds and volatile oil. Steam distillation followed by GC-MS resulted in the identification of 47 volatiles in its aerial parts: 28 were in common including various bioactive volatiles. Major constituents of leaves were phytol (43.63%), palmitic acid (8.55%) and geranyl linalool (6.95%) and stem were palmitic acid (14.95%), eicosane (9.67%) and phytol (9.31%), and hence, a significant difference in the percentage composition of aerial parts was observed. To study seasonal changes, similarity analysis was carried out by calculating correlation coefficient (r) and vector angle cosine (z) that were more than 0.91 for stem-to-stem and leaf-to-leaf batches indicating considerable consistency.

  10. [Study on intestinal absorption features of oligosaccharides in Morinda officinalis How. with sigle-pass perfusion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Shao-Dong; Zhang, Peng; Lin, Li; Xiao, Feng-Xia; Lin, Jing-Ran

    2015-01-01

    To study the in situ intestinal absorption of five oligosaccharides contained in Morinda officinalis How. (sucrose, kestose, nystose, 1F-Fructofuranosyinystose and Bajijiasu). The absorption of the five oligosaccharides in small intestine (duodenum, jejunum and ileum) and colon of rats and their contents were investigated by using in situ single-pass perfusion model and HPLC-ELSD. The effects of drug concentration, pH in perfusate and P-glycoprotein inhibitor on the intestinal absorption were investigated to define the intestinal absorption mechanism of the five oligosaccharides in rats. According to the results, all of the five oligosaccharides were absorbed in the whole intestine, and their absorption rates were affected by the pH of the perfusion solution, drug concentration and intestinal segments. Verapamil Hydrochloride could significantly increase the absorptive amount of sucrose and Bajijiasu, suggesting sucrose and Bajijiasu are P-gp's substrate. The five oligosaccharides are absorbed mainly through passive diffusion in the intestinal segments, without saturated absorption. They are absorbed well in all intestines and mainly in duodenum and jejunum.

  11. In vitro multiplication of Morinda royoc L. in Temporary Immersion Systems

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    Elio Jiménez

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Morinda royoc L. is a medicinal plant which has identified numerous secondary metabolites important for medical and pharmaceutical industry. The use of in vitro culture techniques could contribute to the production of these. The aim of this work was to multiply M. royoc using Temporary Immersion System (TIS. It was used TIS of 1000 ml capacity. Each contained 250 ml MS medium with 4.4 μM benzyladenine (BA and 2.9 μM indole acetic acid (IAA. The SIT were inoculated with 30 individual explants (shoot tips and nodal segments. It was determined the effect of the immersion frequency (two, four and six immersions of two minutes per day and the type of explants (shoot tips, nodal segments on the multiplication of shoots and biomass production. It was found that with four and six immersions per day the highest values of multiplication coefficient and shoot length were obtained. The maximum biomass production was achieved with six immersions per day. No hyperhidricity symptoms were observed in shoots. It was noted that the nodal segments produced more shoots per explant, increased multiplication coefficient and biomass than the apex, while the latter resulted in longer shoots. Keywords: micropropagation, shoots multiplication

  12. Antidiabetic Effect of Morinda citrifolia (Noni Fermented by Cheonggukjang in KK-Ay Diabetic Mice

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    So-Young Lee

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Antidiabetic effects of Morinda citrifolia (aka Noni fermented by Cheonggukjang (fast-fermented soybean paste were evaluated using a T2DM (type 2 diabetes mellitus murine model. Six-week-old KK-Ay/TaJcl mice were randomly divided into four groups: (1 the diabetic control (DC group, provided with a normal mouse diet; (2 the positive control (PC group, provided with a functional health food diet; (3 the M. citrifolia (MC group, provided with an MC-based diet; (4 the fermented M. citrifolia (FMC group, provided with an FMC-based diet. Over a testing period of 90 days, food and water intake decreased significantly in the FMC and PC groups compared with the DC group. Blood glucose levels in the FMC group were 211.60–252.20 mg/dL after 90 days, while those in the control group were over 400 mg/dL after 20 days. In addition, FMC supplementation reduced glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c levels, enhanced insulin sensitivity, and significantly decreased serum triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein (LDL cholesterol. Furthermore, a fermented M. citrifolia 70% ethanolic extract (FMCE activated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-(PPAR- γ and stimulated glucose uptake via stimulation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK in cultured C2C12 cells. These results suggest that FMC can be employed as a functional health food for T2DM management.

  13. Performances of broiler supplemented with antibiotic and Morinda citrifolia waste as sources of bioactive compounds

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    I.A.K Bintang

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available A study on the use of Zinc bacitracin antibiotic (ZnB and dried Morinda citrifolia waste as feed additive in broiler ration was conducted. Two hundred and sixteen day old chicks (DOC was allocated into 4 treatments: control; control + 50 ppm ZnB, and control + M. citrifolia waste at 2 levels (5 and 10 g/kg ration with 9 replications. Each replicatation consist of 6 birds. The treatments were allocated in a completely randomized design. Variables measured were feed intake, live weight, feed conversion ratio (FCR, percentages of carcass and internal organs (liver, gizard, abdominal fat, and thickness of intestine. The results showed that feed intake of M. citrifolia waste was significantly (P0.05 from that of control. The use of M. citrifolia waste (5 and 10 g/kg gave significantly lower (P0.05, but was significantly lower (P0,05 than that of control, control + antibiotic ZnB and M. citrifolia waste 5g/kg. It is concluded that the supplementation of M. citrifolia waste (5 g/kg could substitute ZnB to improve feed eficiency in broiler ration.

  14. Supplementation of Morinda citrifolia waste as bioactive compound on the performances of broiler

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    I.A.K Bintang

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available A study on the use of dried Morinda citrifolia waste as feed additive in broiler ration was conducted. One hundred day old chicks (doc were allocated into 4 levels (control; 0.0; 1.2; 2.4 and 4.8 g/kg feed of M. citrifolia waste with 5 replication. Each replication had 5 birds. The treatments were allocated in a completely randomized design. Variables measured were: feed intake, live weight, feed conversion ratio (FCR, percentages of carcass and internal organs ( liver. gizard, abdominal fat, and thickness of intestine. The results showed that M citrifolia waste supply did not significantly (P>0.05 affect all variables measured, but feed intake of those fed with high levels (4,8 g/kg of M. citrifolia waste was significantly (P<0.05 lower than those fed with 1.2 g/kg. FCR was significantly (P<0.05 lower as compared to the control; 1.2 and 2.4 g/kg. It is concluded that the best treatment was the supplementation of M. citrifolia waste of 4.8 g/kg, this treatment improved feed efficiency by 5% as compared to the control.

  15. Flow injection spectrophotometry using natural reagent from Morinda citrifolia root for determination of aluminium in tea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tontrong, Sopa; Khonyoung, Supada; Jakmunee, Jaroon

    2012-05-01

    A flow injection (FI) spectrophotometric method with using natural reagent extracted from Morinda citrifolia root has been developed for determination of aluminium. The extract contained anthraquinone compounds which could react with Al(3+) to form reddish complexes which had maximum absorption wavelength at 499.0nm. The extract could be used as a reagent in FI system without further purification to obtain pure compound. A sensitive method for determination of aluminium in concentration range of 0.1-1.0mgL(-1), with detection limit of 0.05mgL(-1) was achieved. Relative standard deviations of 1.2% and 1.7% were obtained for the determination of 0.1 and 0.6mgL(-1) Al(3+) (n=11). Sample throughput of 35h(-1) was achieved with the consumption of 3mL each of carrier and reagent solutions per injection. The developed method was successfully applied to tea samples, validated by the FAAS standard method. The method is simple, fast, economical and could be classified as a greener analytical method. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY, TOTAL PHENOLIC AND FLAVONOID CONTENT OF MORINDA CITRIFOLIA FRUIT EXTRACTS FROM VARIOUS EXTRACTION PROCESSES

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    PRAVEEN K. RAMAMOORTHY

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Soxhlet, Ultrasonic extract of Morinda citrifolia L. fruit and four extracts from high pressure extraction at 10 MPa using ethanol, ethyl acetate as solvent and dried by vacuum oven and spray dryer were analyzed for their antioxidant activity by peroxide value method and diphenylpicrylhydrazyl radical scavenging method. The five extracts along with the reference samples, butylated hydroxyl toluene and tannic acid were further analyzed to determine their total phenolic content by Folin-Ciocalteau method and total flavonoid content by Dowd method. The M. citrifolia extract by high pressure extraction with ethyl acetate as solvent and spray dried was found to exhibit highest antioxidant activity and total flavonoid content. High total phenolic content was determined in the high pressure extract using ethyl acetate as solvent and vacuum dried. It was interesting to note that ultrasonic extract exhibited significant antioxidant activity, total phenolic and flavonoid content. High pressure extracted M. citrifolia in ethanol was found to express lesser values comparatively. The significant difference in activity among the high pressure extracts was found to be due to the polarity of the solvents used for extraction as M. citrifolia fruit contains relatively larger quantity of non-polar antioxidant compounds. It was also found that the drying methods had significant impact on the antioxidant activity, total phenolic and flavonoid content of the extracts.

  17. [Rapidly identify oligosaccharides in Morinda officinalis by UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Qing-Xiu; Kang, Li-Ping; Zhu, Shou-Dong; Yu, Yi; Hu, Ming-Hua; Ma, Fang-Li; Zhou, Jie; Guo, Lan-Ping

    2018-03-01

    In this paper, an approach was applied for separation and identification of oligosaccharides in Morinda officinalis How by Ultra performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) with collision energy. The separation was carried out on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH Amide C₁₈(2.1mm×100 mm,1.7 μm) with gradient elution using acetonitrile(A) and water(B) containing 0.1% ammonia as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.2 mL·min⁻¹. The column temperature was maintained at 40 °C. The information of accurate mass and characteristic fragment ion were acquired by MSE in ESI negative mode in low and high collision energy. The chemical structures and formula of oligosaccharides were obtained and identified by the software of UNIFI and Masslynx 4.1 based on the accurate mass, fragment ions, neutral losses, mass error, reference substance, isotope information, the intensity of fragments, and retention time. A total of 19 inulin oligosaccharide structures were identified including D(+)-sucrose, 1-kestose, nystose, 1F-fructofuranosyl nystose and other inulin oligosaccharides (DP 5-18). This research provided important information about the inulin oligosaccharides in M. officinalis. The results would provide scientific basis for innovative utilization of M. officinalis. Copyright© by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

  18. Effect of dietary supplementation with Morinda citrifolia on productivity and egg quality of laying hens

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    Dairon Más-Toro

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In order to evaluate the dietary supplementation of powdered leaves of Morinda citrifolia on productivity and egg quality of laying hens, a total of 160 White Leghorn birds (Hybrid L-33 of 27 weeks of age were allotted during 70 days, according to completely randomized design. Dietary treatments consisted of a control diet fed without or with 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% of powdered leaves of M. citrifolia. Supplementation of 1.0 and 1.5% of M. citrifolia powder increased the egg weight (P0.05 among treatments. Also, supplementation of 0.5 and 1.0% of M. citrifolia increased the shell thickness and the yolk color was pigmented by this medicinal plant. It recommended the dietary supplementation of 1.0% of powdered leaves of M. citrifolia on laying hen diets to improve the egg weight, shell thickness and yolk color.

  19. ACTIVIDAD ANTIMICROBIANA EFECTOS MODULADORES EN MEDICAMENTOS ANTIFÚNGICOS Y ANTIBACTERIANOS DE LA FRUTO DE LA Morinda citrifolia L.

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    Saulo Relison Tintino

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The surveillance of resistant microrganisms and the toxicity related with antimicrobial drugs enhances the necessity of research about new remedies. Morinda citrifolia is a plant commonly used as antibacterial, analgesic, and several other bioactivities, presenting aminoacids, anthraquinones, flavonoids, sterols, triterpenes and alkaloids. The aim of this work was evaluate the antimicrobial and the antibiotic-modulatory effect of the fruit extract. The extract was assayed alone and in association with antibiotic and antifungal drugs against clinical isolates by microdilution method. The fruit extract of M. citrifolia demonstrate an interesting modulatory activity, enhancing the effect of the assayed antibiotics against P. aeroginosa and E. coli, but not against Candida strains.

  20. Antibacterial efficacy and effect of Morinda citrifolia L. mixed with irreversible hydrocolloid for dental impressions: A randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, A Shafath; Charles, P David; Cholan, R; Russia, M; Surya, R; Jailance, L

    2015-08-01

    This study aimed to evaluate whether the extract of Morinda citrifolia L. mixed with irreversible hydrocolloid powder decreases microbial contamination during impression making without affecting the resulting casts. Twenty volunteers were randomly divided into two groups (n = 10). Group A 30 ml extract of M. citrifolia L diluted in 30 ml of water was mixed to make the impression with irreversible hydrocolloid material. Group B 30 ml deionized water was mixed with irreversible hydrocolloid material to make the impressions following which the surface roughness and dimensional stability of casts were evaluated. Extract of M. citrifolia L. mixed with irreversible hydrocolloid decreased the percentage of microorganisms when compared with water (P impression quality.

  1. Morinlongosides A-C, Two New Naphthalene Glycoside and a New Iridoid Glycoside from the Roots of Morinda longissima.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuong, Nguyen Manh; Huong, Tran Thu; Son, Ninh The; Cuong, To Dao; Van, Doan Thi; Khanh, Pham Ngoc; Ha, Vu Thi; Tram, Nguyen Cong Thuy; Long, Pham Quoc; Kim, Young Ho

    2016-01-01

    Two new naphthalene glycosides, morinlongosides A and B (1, 2) and a new iridoid glycoside, morinlongoside C (3), together with four known ones, geniposidic acid (4), (3R)-3-O-[β-D-xylopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]-l-octen-3-ol (5), lucidin-3-O-β-primeveroside (6), and morindone-6-O-β-gentiobioside (7), were isolated from the roots of Morinda longissima Y. Z. RUAN. The structures of all isolated compounds (1-7) were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data (high resolution (HR)-MS, one and two dimensional (1/2D)-NMR).

  2. Anthelmintic action of Morinda citrifolia (noni on Heterakis gallinarumAção anti-helmíntica da Morinda citrifolia (noni sobre Heterakis gallinarum

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    Danilo Rodrigues Barros Brito

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The anthelmintic effect of Morinda citrifolia (noni on Heterakis gallinarum was evaluated in chicken naturally infected. The anthelmintic activity in vitro was determined in adults helminthes in disposable petri dishes, containing Tyrode solution, pre warmed in which aqueous or ethanolic extracts were added. The material was maintained in a BOD at 37ºC (±1. The aqueous and ethanolic extracts presented the following concentrations: 1.69; 3.37; 6.74; 13.48 e 26.96 mg.mL-1 and 4.17; 8.34; 16.68; 33.36 e 66.72 mg.mL-1, respectively. It was used as positive control, a solution of tetrahidrate citrate of piperazin in the concentration of 50 mg/mL. The anthelmintic activity in vivo was determined by the administration of aqueous or ethanolic extracts (10 mL/Kg/PV during three consecutive days. The feces were collected during four days in each group, washed in water and sifted. In the fifth day post-treatment, the chickens were slaughtered and necropsy was performed in order to count and identify remaining helminthes. The data were analyzed by the Student-Newman-Keuls test. In the in vivo test there was no significant difference between the aqueous extract and the control group (water (p>0.05 in the elimination of H. gallinarum. The ethanolic extract presented an elimination of 20.35%, differing statistically from the control group (p A ação anti-helmíntica da Morinda citrifolia (noni sobre Heterakis gallinarum foi avaliada em galinhas poedeiras naturalmente infectadas. A atividade anti-helmíntica in vitro foi determinada em helmintos adultos colocados em placas de petri descartáveis, contendo solução Tyrode pré-aquecida, nas quais foi adicionado o extrato aquoso ou etanólico e mantidas em BOD a uma temperatura de 37oC (±1. Os extratos aquoso e etanólico foram usados nas seguintes concentrações: 1,69; 3,37; 6,74; 13,48 e 26,96 mg.mL-1 e 4,17; 8,34; 16,68; 33,36 e 66,72 mg.mL-1, respectivamente. Como controle positivo usou-se uma solu

  3. MODEL PERUBAHAN WARNA KERIPIK BUAH SELAMA PENGGORENGAN VAKUM Model of Fruit Flaky Color Change during Vacuum Frying

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    Jamaluddin Jamaluddin

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The natural colour of fruit flaky product is one of specific property prefered by consumer. To maintain the natural colourof the fruit flaky during frying, it is necessary to pay attention the characteristic changes of raw material and control the process in order not to have much changes to get the intended colour. The objective of this research is to develop empirically mathematical model of fruit flaky colour changes during vacuum frying process by considering the change of water and sucrose contents in the product. Sample of the research were jack fruits fried in the temperature of 70–100OC, frying duration of 15–60 minutes, and vacuum pressure of 13-23 kPa. The observed parameters are colour (L, colour (a, colour (b, water and sukrose contents before and after frying. The result showed that colour changes (L, a and b were influenced by free water vaporization and sukrose decreasing in product, so empirically, the developed mathematical model of colour changes (L, a and b can be used to predict fruit flaky colour changes during vacuum frying. ABSTRAK Warna alami pada produk keripik buah adalah merupakan salah satu sifat khas yang disukai oleh konsumen, untukmempertahankan warna alami keripik buah agar tidak banyak mengalami perubahan selama dalam penggorengan, perlu diperhatikan perubahan karakteristik bahan baku dan pengendalian proses, agar warna keripik buah yang dihasilkan sesuai dengan yang diinginkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan secara empirik model matematik perubahan warna keripik buah selama dalam proses penggorengan vakum dengan mempertimbangkan ke dalam model perubahan kadar air dan kadar sukrosa di dalam padatan. Sampel penelitian adalah buah nangka digoreng pada suhu70-100 OC, lama penggorengan 15-60 menit dan tekanan vakum 13-23 kPa. Parameter yang diamati adalah warna (L, warna (a, warna (b, kadar air dan kadar sukrosa sebelum dan setelah sampel digoreng. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perubahan warna L, a

  4. GAMBARAN SANITASI LINGKUNGAN DAN HIGIENE PERORANGAN PEDAGANG JUS BUAH DI SEKARAN GUNUNGPATI SEMARANG

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    Tri Khuswataningrum

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Jus buah merupakan salah satu minuman yang digemari masyarakat dan mahasiswa. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran sanitasi lingkungan dan higiene perorangan pedagang jus buah di Sekaran Gunungpati Semarang. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan April 2014. Jenis dan rancangan penelitian ini deskriptif kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini seluruh pedagang jus buah di wilayah Kelurahan Sekaran Gunungpati Semarang. Sampel sebanyak 15 pedagang. Instrumen menggunakan lembar check list dan kuesioner. Analisis data dilakukan secara univariat. Hasil penelitian ini adalah menggambarkan sanitasi lingkungan, kondisi sanitasi air 53,3% buruk dan 46,7% baik, kondisi sanitasi peralatan 40% buruk dan 60% baik, kondisi tempat sampah 33,3% buruk dan 66,7% baik, kondisi tempat penampungan limbah 46,7% buruk dan 53,3% baik, ketersediaan bahan pembersih 53,3% buruk dan 46,7% baik. Gambaran higiene perorangan, kebiasaan praktik mencuci tangan 46,7% buruk dan 53,3% baik, dan kebersihan dan kesehatan diri 73,3% buruk dan 26,7% baik. Saran untuk pedagang adalah hindari penggunaan air bersamaan dan cucilah tangan. Fruit juice is a kind of drinks that liked by people and students. The purpose of this research were to know the description of environment sanitation and personal hygiene of fruit juice sellers in Sekaran Gunungpati Semarang. This research worked on April 2014. This type and design of research was quantitative descriptive with cross sectional. The population in this research were all fruit juice sellers in the area of Sekaran Gunungpati Semarang. Samples of the research were 15 sellers. The instrument used a check list and questionnaire. Data analysis was performed univariate. The result of this research were to describe of environmental sanitation, 53,3% had bad and 46,7% had good water sanitation condition, 40% had bad and 60% had good sanitation equipment condition, 33,3% had bad and 66,7% had good

  5. Total polyphenol content and antioxidant activity of commercial Noni (Morinda citrifolia L. juice and its components

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    Adriana Bramorski

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The plant Morinda citrifolia L. (noni has been the focus of many recent studies due to its potential effects on treatment and prevention of several diseases. However, there are few in vivo and in vitro studies concerning its composition and antioxidant capacity. The aim of the present study was to determine the total polyphenol content (TPC and antioxidant capacity of a juice commercialized as noni juice, but containing grape, blueberry and noni fruits. Commercial noni juice was compared against its separate constituents of blueberry and grape juice. Folin-Ciocalteu and DPPH• methods were used to determine the concentration of total polyphenol content and antioxidant activity, respectively. Commercial noni juice presented higher values of TPC (91.90 mg of gallic acid/100 mL juice and antioxidant activity (5.85 mmol/L compared to its 5% diluted constituents. Concentrated blueberry juice presented higher TPC and antioxidant activity than the other juices analyzed. Considering that the blueberry and grape juices account for only 10% in the composition of commercial noni juice, it can be inferred that these two components contribute significantly to the antioxidant activity. Therefore, additional studies are necessary in order to elucidate the contribution of the noni juice as an antioxidant.A planta Morinda citrifolia L. tem sido objeto de muitas pesquisas decorrente de seus efeitos benéficos no tratamento e prevenção de muitas doenças. No entanto, são escassos os estudos in vivo e in vitro sobre os compostos presentes e sua capacidade de atuar como antioxidante. Objetivou-se com este trabalho determinar o índice de polifenóis totais (IPT e a capacidade antioxidante do suco de noni comercial, constituído de uva, mirtilo e a fruta do noni. O suco de noni comercial foi comparado com seus constituintes (mirtilo e suco de uva separadamente. Os métodos Folin-Ciocalteu e DPPH• foram utilizados para determinar a concentração de polifen

  6. Anti-jugular vein thrombotic effect of Morinda citrifolia L. [noni] in male SD rats

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    Mian-Ying Wang

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE is a common and serious medical condition, which is estimably responsible for more than 300,000 hospital admissions annually in the USA. Pulmonary embolism (PE is a major complication of VTE, which contributes to 12% death of hospitalized patients. Heparin is the most common anti-coagulant, but severe allergic reactions, bleeding, and thrombocytopenia limit its use. Thus, seeking a botanical, nontoxic antithrombotic alternative is an interesting area. Morinda citrifolia L. [noni] is a medicinal plant used in folk remedies by Polynesians for over 2,000 years. It has been reported to have a broad range of therapeutic and preventive effects. The bioactivities of NJ have been continuously discovered with antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and immune modifying activities. Our novel hypothesis is whether NJ has an anti-venous thrombotic effect in rodents. To examine our hypothesis, this study was designed to examine the anti-thrombotic effect of NJ on the jugular vein thrombosis model induced by ferric chloride in SD rats.Material and Methods: NJ and placebo used in this study were donated by Morinda Holding Inc. NJ was formulated with grape juice and blue berry juice. Placebo was prepared by using the same procedure of NJ preparation, but without NJ in it. Thirty-six male SD rats were divided into six groups. Anti-venous thrombotic activities of 5% NJ, 10% NJ, heparin, and 10% NJ plus heparin were examined and compared with the positive and blank controls. Thrombosis was induced by application of a filter paper soaked in 50% ferric chloride on the right jugular vein. AFunctional Foods in Health and Disease 2011; 9:297-3092-cm fragment of the occluded vein (thrombus was removed and weighed after 1-hour maturation. Blood samples were collected for platelet count, aPTT, and PT tests.Results: The weight of a 2-cm fragment of normal jugular vein was 9.9 ± 2.1 mg, while the weight of the occluded vein in

  7. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN EKTRAK DAUN KERSEN (Muntingia calabura TERHADAP LALAT BUAH Bactrocera carambolae;THE INFLUENCE TO GIVING LEAF EXTRACT KERSEN (Muntingia calabura AGAINST FRUIT FLIES Bactrocera carambolae

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    Diah Asta Putri

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLalat buah telah diketahui secara luas sebagai hama utama pada komoditas buah di Indonesia sehingga menyebabkan kerugian ekonomi yang besar. Daun kersen (Muntingia calabura telah diteliti mengandung beberapa senyawa yang berpotensi untuk mengendalikan serangan lalat buah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak etanol daun kersen terhadap Bactrocera carambolae, salah satu jenis lalat buah yang menyerang berbagai buah-buahan sebagai inangnya. Ekstrak etanol daun kersen dengan konsentrasi yang berbeda yaitu 0%, 2,5%, 5% dan 7,5% disemprotkan ke permukaan buah jambu biji (Psidium guajava dan diamati pengaruhnya terhadap lalat buah tersebut. Parameter dalam penelitian ini yaitu jumlah pupa dan jumlah lalat dewasa. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji analisis varians (uji F α = 0,05 dilanjutkan dengan uji Beda Nyata Terkecil (BNT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan semakin tinggi konsentrasi ekstrak yang diuji maka semakin kuat pengaruhnya pada penurunan jumlah pupa dan lalat dewasa. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini maka ekstrak etanol daun kersen diharapkan dapat menjadi alternatif untuk pestisida sintetis.Abstract Fruit flies are known as major fruit pest in Indonesia that cause economic losses. Muntingia calabura leaves has been observed to contain compounds that can potentially control the fruit fly. This research aimed to investigate the effect of ethanolic extract of M. calabura leaves againts Bactrocera carambolae, one of fruit flies which has wide range host. Ethanolic extract of M. calabura leaves with different concentrations of 0%, 2.5%, 5% and 7.5% that sprayed onto the surface of guava (Psidium guajava and observed their effect on the fruit fly. Parameters observed are the number of pupae and the number of adult flies. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance (F test α = 0.05 followed by Least Significant Difference (LSD. Results showed that the higher the concentration of extract tested, the stronger its effect on

  8. Anticancer Effects of Extracts from the Fruit of Morinda Citrifolia (Noni) in Breast Cancer Cell Lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, K; Pachauri, S D; Khandelwal, K; Ahmad, H; Arya, A; Biala, P; Agrawal, S; Pandey, R R; Srivastava, A; Srivastav, A; Saxena, J K; Dwivedi, A K

    2016-03-01

    Morinda citrifolia L. (NONI) fruits have been used for thousands of years for the treatment of many health problems including cancer, cold, diabetes, flu, hypertension, and pain. Plant extracts have reported several therapeutic benefits, but extraction of individual compound from the extract often exhibits limited clinical utility as the synergistic effect of various natural ingredients gets lost. They generally constitute polyphenols and flavonoids. Studies have suggested that these phytochemicals, especially polyphenols, display high antioxidant properties, which help to reduce the risk of degenerative diseases, such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Several in-vitro and in-vivo studies have shown that Noni fruits have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-dementia, liver-protective, anticancer, analgesic, and immunomodulatory effects. Till date about 7 in vitro cancer studies have been done, but a detailed in vitro study including cell cycle and caspase activation assay on breast cancer cell line has not been done. In the present study different Noni fruit fractions have tested on cancer cell lines MCF-7, MDA-MB-231 (breast adenocarcinoma) and one non-cancer cell line HEK-293 (Human embryonic kidney). Out of which ethylacetate extract showed a higher order of in vitro anticancer activity profile. The ethylacetate extract strongly inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7, MDA-MB-231 and HEK-293 cell lines with IC50 values of 25, 35, 60 µg/ml respectively. The extract showed increase in apoptotic cells in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells and arrested the cell cycle in the G1/S phase in MCF-7 and G0/G1 phase in MDA-MB-231 cells. Noni extract also decreases the intracellular ROS generation and mitochondrial membrane potential. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  9. Insecticidal Activity and Chemical Composition of the Morinda lucida Essential Oil against Pulse Beetle Callosobruchus maculatus

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    Moses S. Owolabi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Insecticidal activity of essential oil extracted from Morinda lucida was tested on pulse beetle Callosobruchus maculatus, which is a pest that causes serious damage to several pulses. The insecticidal activity was compared with two pesticides, Phostoxin and Primo-ban-20. 120 mixed sex adult C. maculatus were introduced, along with 30 g of cowpeas. Four concentrations (0.40, 0.20, 0.10, and 0.05 μg/mL of the M. lucida essential oil, Phostoxin, and Primo-ban-20 were tested. Essential oil chemical composition was analyzed by GC-MS. M. lucida essential oil showed a high toxicological effect, producing 100% mortality after 72 hours at a dose of 0.20 μg/mL. M. lucida essential oil had a potent insecticidal activity (LC90 = 0.629 μg/mL compared to both pesticides, Phostoxin (LC90 = 0.652 μg/mL and Primo-ban-20 (LC90 = 0.726 μg/mL, at 24 h. The main compounds of the essential oil were the oxygenated monoterpenoids, 1,8-cineole (43.4%, and α-terpinyl acetate (14.5%, and the monoterpene hydrocarbons, mostly sabinene (8.2% and β-pinene (4.0%. Results clearly indicate that M. lucida essential oil can be used as an effective alternative for pulse beetle C. maculatus control, and it could be tested against other pulse beetles affecting Asia and Africa and throughout the world, thereby reducing use of synthetic pesticides.

  10. Pemanfaatan Biji Buah Nyamplung (Callophylum Inophylum Sebagai Bahan Baku Pembuatan Biodisel

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    Bayu Biru Chandra

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia merupakan negara kepulauan dengan garis pantai terpanjang keempat di dunia. Sepanjang sekitar 95000 Km merupakan habitat penting bagi vegetasi mangrove dan biota nya. Sebuah survei tahun 2007 menunjukkan bahwa 20% dari garis pantai rusak, dan tanah aktif terancam oleh erosi. Reboisasi penanaman vegetasi pantai dilakukan oleh pemerintah daerah. Salah satunya adalah Calophyllum Inophyllum. Potensi penggunaan benih C.Inophyllum tidak jelas sampai sekarang. Oleh karena itu, komposisi dan analisia C. Inophyllum dan minyak akan diselidiki. Dari hasil, ditemukan bahwa biji buah C. inophyllum mengandung lemak kasar (63,1%, serat kasar (16,64%, abu (3,22%, protein (3,42%, kelembaban (4,15%, dan ekstrak nitrogen bebas (13.62%. Itu juga memiliki nilai kalori 6092 kal / g. Its lipid asam lemak bebas yang terkandung (8,23%, monogliserida (3,93%, digliserida (3,37%, trigliserida (81.06% dan bioactive (3,4%.

  11. Aktivitas Zymomonas mobilis pada produk etanol dari buah semu jambu mete (Anacardium occidentale dengan variasi sumber nitrogen

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    AKHMAD MUSTOFA

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Mustofa A, Suranto. 2010. Aktivitas Zymomonas mobilis pada produk etanol daribuah semu jambu mete (Anacardium occidentale dengan variasi sumber nitrogen. Bioteknologi 7: 1-9. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui kemampuan Zymomonas mobilis dalam memproduksi etanol melalui proses fermentasi batch (selama 24, 48 dan 72 jam, menggunakan sumber karbon sari buah jambu mete (varietas merah, hijau dan kuning dan sumber nitrogen berupa urea, ammonium sulfat, ekstrak kecambah kacang hijau dan ekstrak kacang koro (Mucuna pruriens. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa varietas buah jambu mete hijau dengan sumber nitrogen ammonium sulfat dan lama fermentasi 24 jam memberikan hasil etanol yang paling optimal. Pada perlakuan tersebut diperoleh nilai pH 5,87, kadar gula reduksi 7,64 g/100 mL (tingkat konsumsi 48,44%, jumlah bakteri 8,0x107 (µ = 0,154 dan etanol sebesar 33,02 g/L (Ye = 90,19%.

  12. Kajian Pengaruh Radiasi Sinar Gamma Terhadap Susut Bobot Pada Buah Jambu Biji Merah Selama Masa Penyimpanan

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    M. Akrom

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan radiasi pada sampel jambu biji merah (psidium guajava linn pada variasi dosis 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, dan 1 kGy menggunakan sinar gamma dengan sumber isotop Co-60 serta sampel yang tidak diradiasi sebagai sampel kontrol. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh radiasi sinar gamma terhadap susut bobot sebagai indikasi dari terjadinya perlambatan proses fisiologis pada buah jambu biji merah selama masa penyimpanan. Sampel jambu biji merah diradiasi sesuai dosis yang ditentukan kemudian disimpan dalam wadah plastik selama 8 hari masa penyimpanan. Hari ke 4 dan ke 8 dilakukan evaluasi terhadap massa sampel untuk mengetahui penyusutan bobot yang terjadi. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa sampel yang tidak diradiasi mengalami penyusutan bobot rata-rata 20.27% dan sampel yang diradiasi mengalami penyusutan bobot rata-rata sebesar 1.23 – 5.98%. Perlakuan radiasi gamma mampu memperlambat proses fisiologis dimana terjadi perlambatan penyusutan bobot pada buah jambu biji merah selama masa penyimpanan. The samples of red guava (psidium guajava linn have been irradiated at variation doses of 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1 kGy using gamma rays with Co-60 isotope source and un-irradiated samples as control. The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of gamma irradiation on shrinkage weights as indication of slowing in physiological processes on red guava fruit during storage. Red guava fruit samples were irradiated in certain doses then saved in plastic pan during 8 days storage time. The fourth and eighth day sample mass was measured to determine the shrinkage of the weight. The result showed that un-irradiated sample was shrinkage weighted average 20.27% and the samples were irradiated shrinkage weight by an average of 1.23 to 5.98%. Gamma irradiation is able to slow the physiological processes which cause shrinkage weight on red guava fruit during storage.

  13. Uji Efek Afrodisiak Ekstrak Etanol Buah Pare (Momordica Charantia L.) Terhadap Libido Tikus Putih Jantan Galur Wistar (Rattus Norvegicus)

    OpenAIRE

    Sarapi, Vini Alvionita

    2015-01-01

    UJI EFEK AFRODISIAK EKSTRAK ETANOL BUAH PARE (Momordica charantia L.) TERHADAP LIBIDO TIKUS PUTIH JANTAN GALUR WISTAR (Rattus norvegicus) Vini Alvionita Sarapi1), Widdhi Bodhi1), Gayatri Citraningtyas1) 1)Program Studi Farmasi FMIPA UNSRAT Manado, 95115 ABSTRACT Bitter melon fruit is a plant that used to treat impotence and increased libido but has not been studied scientifically. This research aimed to determine the aphrodisiac effect of ethanol extract bitter melon fruit against l...

  14. Studi Efektivitas Antidiabetik Ekstrak Air Dan Ekstrak Etanol Buah Pare (Momordica Charantia Linn) Pada Mencit Diabet Aloksan

    OpenAIRE

    Evacuasiany, Endang; Darsono, Lusiana; Rosnaeni

    2005-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) merupakan penyakit metabolik menahun yang ditandai dengan kadar glukosadarah yang melebihi nilai normal. Untuk mengatasi DM atau kadar glukosa darah yang tinggi pada penderita DM, diperlukan terapi alternatif dengan menggali potensi lokal yaitu tanaman obat.Telah dilakukan uji perbandinganefektivitas antidiabetik ekstrak air dan ekstrak etanol buah pare (Momordica charantia Linn). Uji dilakukan pada mencit jantan normal galur Swiss Webster yang dibuat menjadi diabet den...

  15. Isolasi dan Identifikasi Senyawa Flavonoid Ekstrak Etanol Buah Naga Merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus (F.A.C.Weber Briton & Rose

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    Siti Nuari

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian mengenai isolasi dan identifikasi senyawa flavonoid dari ekstrak etanol buah naga merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus (F.A.C.Weber Briton & Rose.  Ekstrak buah naga merah diperoleh melalui maserasi serbuk buah naga merah dengan pelarut etanol 96%. Ekstrak etanol yang diperoleh di partisi dengan metode partisi cair-cair menggunakan pelarut n-heksana, etil asetat dan air. Hasil partisi ekstrak etil asetat  kemudian dilakukan pemisahan dengan Kromatografi vakum cair, sedangkan ekstrak air dihidrolisis terlebih dahulu dengan HCl lalu dipartisi dengan etil asetat (fraksi etil asetat. Berdasarkan  hasi pemurnian ekstrak etil asetat dan fraksi etil asetat dengan KLT Preparatif diperoleh 5 isolat tetapi hanya isolat 3 yang positif senyawa flavonoid. Hasil spektroskopi UV-Vis isolat 3 menghasilkan puncak pada 330 nm (pita I dan 280 nm (pita II, sedangkan pada penambahan pereaksi geser tidak mengalami pergeseran batokromik dan hipsokromik. Berdasarkan data-data yang diperoleh isolat 3 diduga merupakan golongan senyawa flavanon.

  16. MODEL PERPINDAHAN PANAS DAN MASSA SELAMA PENGGORENGAN BUAH PADA KEADAAN VAKUM Model of Heat and Mass Transfer during Vacuum Fruit Frying Abstract

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    Jamalludin Jamalludin

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Recently, vacuum frying flaky products have been popularly consumed by people as they have spesific characteristics, good taste, crispy, and crunchy. During vacuum frying process, heat and mass transfer simultanously occur. Heat transfer takes place from hot frying oil to the fruit, and water in the fruit comes out. At the same time, the fruit absobes oil. The objective of is this research to develop mathematical model of simultant heat and mass transfer during vacuum fruit frying. Sample of the research is jack fruit vacuumly fried in the temperature of 70-100 oC, duration of 15-60 minutes, and pressure of 13-23 kPa. The model includes changes of water, oil, extract, sukrose, reduction glucosa, and β-karoten content in product. The developed model is based on the one order simultan ordinary differential equation solved by Runge-Kutta numerical method. Simulation result showed that increasing temperature, decreasing water content, and oil absorbtion during the vacuum frying process describe that the developed mathematical model is good enough to explain simultanously heat and mass transfer phenomena during the process of vacuum fruit frying.   ABSTRAK Saat ini produk keripik buah hasil proses penggorengan vakum sudah populer dikonsumsi oleh masyarakat, karena produk keripik buah mempunyai sifat yang khas, enak, gurih dan renyah jika dimakan. Selama proses penggorengan buah pada keadaan vakum, perpindahan panas dan massa terjadi secara simultan. Pepindahan panas dari minyak panas ke permukaan kemudian merambat ke dalam buah dan kandungan air di dalam buah keluar ke permukaan, pada saat yang bersamaan buah menyerap minyak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model matematik perpindahan panas dan massa secara simultan pada penggorengan buah pada keadaan vakum. Sampel penelitian adalah buah nangka digoreng pada suhu 70-100 oC, lama penggorengan 15-60 menit dan tekanan vakum 13-23 kPa. Model meliputi perubahan kadar air, kadar minyak

  17. Breast cancer prevention with Morinda citrifolia (noni at the initiation stage

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    Mian-Ying Wang

    2013-06-01

    significantly increased compared with positive controls at different time points. Histological examination showed that the malignancy of lesions in TNJ groups did not show a significant change when compared with that in positive and placebo groups.Conclusion: In conclusion, this is the first study which indicates that TNJ possesses a cancer preventive effect at the initiation stage of chemical carcinogenesis induced by DMBA in female SD rates.Key words: Morinda citrifolia, Tahitian noni® juice, breast cancer, cancer prevention

  18. Atividade antioxidante da polpa, casca e sementes do noni (Morinda citrifolia Linn

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    Adriana Barbosa Costa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Na busca pela identificação de novas fontes de antioxidantes naturais e de esclarecer lacunas acerca das reais propriedades benéficas atribuídas ao Noni (Morinda citrifolia Linn, este trabalho teve como objetivo realizar a caracterização química e avaliar a atividade antioxidante da polpa, casca e sementes do noni. Foram determinadas a composição centesimal (umidade, cinzas, proteínas, carboidratos e lipídios; os compostos bioativos (fenólicos totais, carotenoides totais e vitamina C e a atividade in vitro em extratos aquoso, etanólico e acetônico. Os resultados demonstraram que o Noni possui quantidades significativas de carboidratos (27,21%; 9,70% e 8,37% e de proteínas (2,64%; 2,23%; e 2,24% nas sementes, casca e polpa, respectivamente. A polpa apresentou maior teor de vitamina C (23,1 mg/100g e de carotenoides totais (3,90 mg/100g. No extrato acetônico da polpa, foram quantificados 109,81 mg/100g de fenólicos totais, seguidos pelos extratos acetônicos da casca (76,01 mg/100g, das sementes (28,75 mg/100g e do extrato etanólico da polpa (20,33 mg/100g. Todos os extratos avaliados apresentaram atividade antioxidante in vitro; os extratos acetônico e etanólico da casca e das sementes do Noni apresentaram maior atividade pelo método β-caroteno/ ácido linoleico, enquanto o extrato etanólico da polpa teve maior atividade antioxidante pelo ensaio DPPH e ABTS, e o extrato acetônico da polpa, pelo método ABTS. O noni é um fruto com significativo teor de compostos fenólicos totais que apresentam atividade antioxidante in vitro.

  19. Morinda officinalis How. - A comprehensive review of traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jian-Hua; Xin, Hai-Liang; Xu, Yue-Ming; Shen, Yi; He, Yu-Qiong; Hsien-Yeh; Lin, Bing; Song, Hong-Tao; Juan-Liu; Yang, Hai-Yue; Qin, Lu-Ping; Zhang, Qiao-Yan; Du, Juan

    2018-03-01

    The medicinal plant Morinda officinalisHow. (MO) and its root have long been used in traditional medicines in China and northeast Asia as tonics for nourishing the kidney, strengthening the bone and enhancing immunofunction in the treatment of impotence, osteoporosis, depression and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and dermatitis. This review aims to sum up updated and comprehensive information about traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of MO and provide insights into potential opportunities for future research and development of this plant. A bibliographic investigation was performed by analyzing the information available on MO in the internationally accepted scientific databases including Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science, SciFinder, Google Scholar, Yahoo, Ph.D. and M.Sc. dissertations in Chinese. Information was also obtained from some local and foreign books on ethnobotany and ethnomedicines. The literature supported the ethnomedicinal uses of MO as recorded in China for various purposes. The ethnomedical uses of MO have been recorded in many regions of China. More than 100 chemical compounds have been isolated from this plant, and the major constituents have been found to be polysaccharides, oligosaccharides, anthraquinones and iridoid glycosides. Crude extracts and pure compounds of this plant are used as effective agents in the treatment of depression, osteoporosis, fatigue, rheumatoid arthritis, and infertility due to their anti-depressant, anti-osteoporosis, pro-fertility, anti-radiation, anti-Alzheimer disease, anti-rheumatoid, anti-fatigue, anti-aging, cardiovascularprotective, anti-oxidation, immune-regulatory, and anti-inflammatory activities. Pharmacokinetic studies have demonstrated that the main components of MO including monotropein and deacetyl asperulosidic acid are distributed in various organs and tissues. The investigation on acute toxicity and genotoxicity indicated that MO is nontoxic. There have

  20. Morinda citrifolia L. (noni Improves the Quality of Life (QoL in Adults with Osteoarthritis

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    Martin S. Lipsky

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Morinda citrifolia Linn (noni, as a “pain killer”, has been used as a traditional medicine by Polynesians for over 2000 years. It was reported to have a broad range of therapeutic effects including analgesic and anti-inflammation. The in-vitro and in vivo antiinflammatory and analgesic properties of noni juice (NJ suggest that NJ may be a useful adjunctive treatment for osteoarthritis (OA. In this pilot study we explored whether NJimproves the symptoms and Quality of Life (QoL for adults with OA. We also sought toevaluate the tolerability and safety of NJ for patients with OA in a primary care setting. Methods: This was an open label three-month intervention pilot study. Data were collected by pre/post intervention survey and laboratory testing. Inclusion criteria were: adults of both sexes aged 40 to 75, with a diagnosis of OA on the hip or knee by x-ray examination provided by theirprimary care physician, not on prescription medicine for OA, and who were willing to drink 3 oz of NJ a day for 90 days. Results: Of the 64 questions measuring different aspects of QoL asked on the pre/post survey, 49 (77% had significant pre/post mean scale differences as measured by independent t-test. The OA patients reported being significantly more satisfied with their current health conditions including mobility, walking and bending, hand, finger, and arm functions, household tasks, social activity, arthritis pain, work ability, level of tension, and mood. The study participantswere also more positive about their future health and reported taking less over-the-counter (OTC pain relievers. Pre/post laboratory testing including: lipid panel, liver and kidney functions were in the normal ranges. High Sensitive C Reactive Protein (hsCRP, an inflammatory biomarker, was reduced by 10% after the intervention. Conclusion: As a nutritional supplement, NJ demonstrated a potential therapeutic effect and improved the symptoms and the QoL for adults with OA

  1. Aqueous Morinda citrifolia Leaves Extract Enhancing Glutathione Peroxidase Activity and α2-Macroglobulin Gene Expression on Macrobrachium rosenbergii

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    Atika Marisa Halim

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Morinda citrifolia, known commercially as noni is often used for enhancing immunity, these plant-rich phenolic compound with antioxidant properties. In the present study, Macrobrachium rosenbergii were fed diets containing aqueous M. citrifolia leaves extract (AMLE at 0.6, 4 and 6 g kg-1. Glutathione peroxidase (GPx and α2-macroglubulin (α2-M  activity were conducted to measure an immune parameter, which was evaluated before and after 7, 21, 35, 49 and 63 days of feeding trial. The results showed that after 63 days of feeding treatment, significantly increased in GPx activity. Moreover, the gene expressions of α2-macroglubulin was significantly upregulated. These results recommend that administration of AMLE can be used as an immunostimulant and regulated immune response and immune gene expression in M. rosenbergii.

  2. Review of the ethnobotany, chemistry, biological activity and safety of the botanical dietary supplement Morinda citrifolia (noni).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawlus, Alison D; Kinghorn, Douglas A

    2007-12-01

    Morinda citrifolia, commonly called noni, has a long history as a medicinal plant and its use as a botanical dietary supplement has grown tremendously in recent years. This has prompted a concomitant increase in research on the phytochemical constituents and biological activity of noni. A relatively large number of scientific publications on noni have been published in recent years, including a number of review articles. The goals of this review are to provide an updated categorization of the phytochemical constituents found in noni and to provide perspective for its extensive utilization as a major botanical dietary supplement. Included herein are a comprehensive list of known ethnobotanical uses and common names of M. citrifolia, a brief summary of relevant biological studies and a discussion of the safety of noni as a supplement.

  3. KANDUNGAN TEMBAGA (Cu BUAH LINDUR (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, PEDADA (Sonneratia caseolaris, NYIRIH (Xylocarpus granatum, dan BAKAU (Rhizophora mucronata di TAMAN HUTAN RAYA NGURAH RAI, BALI

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    Anak Agung Putri Cintya Paramitha Utari

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK: Analisis kandungan Cu dalam buah Lindur (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Pedada (Sonneratia caseolaris, Nyirih (Xylocarpus granatum, dan Bakau (Rhizophora mucronata telah dilakukan. Lokasi pengambilan sampel ialah Taman Hutan Raya (Tahura Ngurah Rai, Bali yang merupakan muara Sungai Mati dan Sungai Badung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kandungan Cu(II buah lindur, pedada, nyirih dan bakau. Penentuan konsentrasi ion logam Cu (II dilakukan dengan metode adisi standar dan diukur menggunakan alat Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS. Kandungan ion logam Cu(II dalam buah lindur sebesar 6,1982  0,9823 mg/kg; buah pedada 7,6497  0,5834 mg/kg; buah nyirih 4,7618  0,6522 mg/kg; dan buah bakau 6,0973  0,1679 mg/kg.   ABSTRACT: Analysis of Cu metal contents in the fruits of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Sonneratia caseolaris, Xylocarpus granatum, and Rhizophora mucronata has been done. The sampling location was Taman Hutan Raya (Tahura Ngurah Rai, Bali which is on the estuary of the Mati and Badung rivers. This study was aimed to find the total contents of cuprum ion (Cu2+ in the fruits of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Sonneratia caseolaris, Xylocarpus granatum, and Rhizophora mucronata. The concentration of Cu2+ was determined by a standard addition method and measured with Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS. Cu metal content in the fruits of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza was 6,1982  0,9823 mg/kg; Sonneratia caseolaris 7,6497  0,5834 mg/kg; Xylocarpus granatum 4,7618  0,6522 mg/kg; and Rhizophora mucronata 6,0973  0,1679 mg/kg.

  4. Effect of Noni Leaves Extract (Morinda citrifolia L. Supplementation in Feed on Physical Quality of Broiler Breast Meat

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    Aji Sukoco

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted to know the effect of noni leaves extract (Morinda citrifolia L. supplementation in feed on physical quality of broiler breast meat such as pH, Water Holding Capacity (WHC, Cooking Loss (CL, and tenderness. Ninety six 8-days old broiler chickens strain Lohmann and of undifferentiated sex (unsexed were used in this research. The broiler chickens will be reared until 35-days old. The research method was experimental using Completely Randomized Design (CRD with six treatments and four replications, each replication consisted of four broiler chickens. The treatments consisted of P0 (Basal Feed, P1 (Basal Feed + tetracycline 0.05%, P2 (Basal Feed + noni leaves extract 0.05%, P3 (Basal feed + noni leaves extract 0.1%, P4 (Basal feed + noni leaves extract 0.15%, P5 (Basal feed + noni leaves extract 0.2%. The data were analyzed by ANOVA and continued by Least Significant Difference (LSD test if there was significantly different result. The results showed that noni leaves extract did not give significant effect (P>0.05 on meat pH, water holding capacity (WHC, cooking loss (CL, and tenderness. However, these results were still acceptable normally such as pH between 5.38-5.57, water holding capacity 34.13-45.64%, cooking loss 33.05-36.97%, but tenderness 16.22-20.57N were less acceptable. The research concluded that supplementation of noni leaves extract (Morinda citrifolia L. in feed did not increase physical quality of broiler breast meat on pH, Water Holding Capacity (WHC, Cooking Loss (CL, and tenderness.

  5. Pengaruh Pelatihan Terhadap Kemampuan Kerja Dan Kinerja Karyawan (Studi||pada Karyawan Para-medis Rsia Buah Hati Pamulang Tangerang Selatan)

    OpenAIRE

    Kusuma, Neno Apriyanto; Djudi, Mochammad; Prasetya, Arik

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to examined the influence of training on employee ability work and performance in RSIA Buah Hati Pamulang Tangerang Selatan. The result of this research showed that training, ability of work, and employee's performance of RSIA Buah Hati Pamulang Tangerang Selatan be in good category. The results also showed that on the job training had an impact on work ability, off the job training had an impact on work ability, on the job training didn't have an impact on employee performanc...

  6. PEMISAHAN TANIN DAN HCN SECARA EKSTRAKSI DINGIN PADA PENGOLAHAN TEPUNG BUAH MANGROVE UNTUK SUBSTITUSI INDUSTRI PANGAN

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    Muryati Muryati

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available             Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan kondisi optimal dalam  pemisahan tanin dan HCN pada pengolahan tepung buah tancang (Bruguiera gymnorhiza  sehingga dihasilkan tepung tancang yang aman digunakan untuk substitusi bahan baku industri pangan. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan perlakuan pendahuluan yaitu diblansing dengan cara direndam dalam air panas suhu 95-100 0C dengan variabel waktu perendaman  5menit(mnt;  7,5 mnt; 10 mnt dan  15 mnt. Dari masing-masing  waktu blansing  dilanjutkan dengan pengupasan dan tanpa pengupasan (sebagai pembanding serta perendaman dan tanpa perendaman (pembanding. Ekstraksi dilakukan dengan perendaman dalam air selama 2 hari. Kondisi  penghilangan tanin dan HCN yang optimal dilakukan pada blansing 7,5 menit dilanjutkan pengupasan dan perendaman;  dihasilkan pengujian  kadar tanin 287,43 mg/kg; HCN 8,05 mg/kg dan karbohidrat 79,57 %. Hasil  pengujian tanin, HCN, cemaran  logam dan cemaran mikroba, memenuhi persyaratan mutu tepung singkong sehingga aman untuk bahan makanan.

  7. PEMISAHAN TANIN DAN HCN SECARA EKSTRAKSI DINGIN PADA PENGOLAHAN TEPUNG BUAH MANGROVE UNTUK SUBSTITUSI INDUSTRI PANGAN

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    Muryati Muryati

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available             Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan kondisi optimal dalam  pemisahan tanin dan HCN pada pengolahan tepung buah tancang (Bruguiera gymnorhiza  sehingga dihasilkan tepung tancang yang aman digunakan untuk substitusi bahan baku industri pangan. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan perlakuan pendahuluan yaitu diblansing dengan cara direndam dalam air panas suhu 95-100 0C dengan variabel waktu perendaman  5menit(mnt;  7,5 mnt; 10 mnt dan  15 mnt. Dari masing-masing  waktu blansing  dilanjutkan dengan pengupasan dan tanpa pengupasan (sebagai pembanding serta perendaman dan tanpa perendaman (pembanding. Ekstraksi dilakukan dengan perendaman dalam air selama 2 hari. Kondisi  penghilangan tanin dan HCN yang optimal dilakukan pada blansing 7,5 menit dilanjutkan pengupasan dan perendaman;  dihasilkan pengujian  kadar tanin 287,43 mg/kg; HCN 8,05 mg/kg dan karbohidrat 79,57 %. Hasil  pengujian tanin, HCN, cemaran  logam dan cemaran mikroba, memenuhi persyaratan mutu tepung singkong sehingga aman untuk bahan makanan. 

  8. ANÁLISE FITOQUÍMICA E ENSAIO TOXICOLÓGICO DO EXTRATO HIDROALCOÓLICO DE Morinda citrifolia (NONI

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    Charles Thomaz Silva

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Morinda citrifolia conhecida popularmente como ‘Noni’ é um arbusto originário do sudeste da Ásia que foi introduzido no Brasil há pouco tempo devido aos supostos benefícios que são atribuídos ao fruto por quem o consome. É um fruto globular, suculento com várias sementes triangulares de coloração avermelhada, possui um odor forte e característico. Este trabalho teve como objetivo a identificação dos componentes fitoquímicos existentes na polpa do fruto e análise da sua toxicidade pela avaliação da inibição da germinação de sementes de alface nas seguintes concentrações: 0,148mg/mL; 0,0594mg/ mL; 0,0237mg/mL; 0,0095mg/mL; 0,0038mg/mL; 0,00152mg/mL; 0,000608mg/mL e 0,0002432mg/ mL. O extrato hidroalcoólico da polpa do fruto foi submetido à triagem química sendo identificadas as seguintes substâncias: alcalóides, taninos/fenóis, cumarinas e antraquinonas. Pela análise de toxicidade, utilizando sementes de alface, observou-se que a inibição da germinação é dependente da concentração. Pelo resultado do cálculo da concentração inibitória (IC= 0,01224mg/mL, pode-se concluir que o extrato hidroalcoólico da Morinda citrifolia possui atividade inibitória sobre a germinação de sementes de alface, apontando uma possível atividade citotóxica.

  9. SUPLEMENTASI MIKROENKAPSULAT EKSTRAK KULIT BUAH MANGGIS (KBM MENURUNKAN KADAR MALONALDEHIDA HATI TIKUS

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    Nesya Nova Febriane

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTHigh consumption of fried food contributes to increased risk of degenerative. Potent antioxidants that may alleviate this problem are contained in pericarp of mangosteen (KBM. However, its bitter taste hinders use of this antioxidant. Microencapsulation process can mask bitter taste and control the release of bioactive compounds. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of microencapsulated mangosteen pericarp extract in supressing malonaldehyde (MDA in rat liver as a result of the consumption of oxidized palm oil. Antioxidants were extracted with methanol from KBM and microencapsulated using gelatin, carboxymethylcellulose (CMC and maltodextrin. Its antioxidative capacity is determined by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH method. Extract is supplemented to feed of rats at doses of 100mg/kg bw (KBM 1, meanwhile microencapsulated KBM at doses 100 (KBM 2 and 200 mg/kg bw (KBM 3 in addition to oxidized palm oil, for 50 days. After termination, liver was excised and liver MDA concentration was assayed. The decrease of MDAlevels on KBM 1, KBM 2, and KBM 3 respectively are 11.64 percent, 40.18 percent, and 53.43 percent. Supplementation of microencapsulated and non-encapsulated KBM extract do not affect body weights and feedconsumption of rats. Microencapsulated KBM is effective to reduce MDA levels significantly than its raw extract, in which 200 mg/kg bw is the best concentration. Its process can reduce the bitter taste of KBM.Keywords: antioxidant, mangosteen pericarp, oxidized oil, microencapsulation, liver MDA levelsABSTRAKTingginya konsumsi pangan yang digoreng meningkatkan resiko penyakit degeneratif. Salah satu antioksidan yang berpotensi mengatasi masalah ini adalah yang terkandung pada kulit buah manggis (KBM. Tetapi rasapahit dan getir yang terkandung dalam KBM menyebabkan penggunaannya menjadi terbatas. Oleh karena itu, digunakan proses mikroenkapsulasi yang dapat melindungi dan mengontrol pelepasan senyawa bioaktif yang

  10. KANDUNGAN ZAT GIZI MAKRO DAN VITAMIN PRODUK BUAH PEDADA (SONNERATIA CASEOLARIS

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    Ruth Dwi Elsa Manalu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Mangrove (Sonneratia caseolaris grows in brackish waters.Its fruits, pedada, contains beneficial vitamin and has not been processed to jam and syrup. This study was aimed to determine the composition of macro nutrient and vitamin A, B1, B2, C of pedada and its products. Design of the study was complete randomized design of two replications. The results showed that proximate composition based on dried basis was 9.2 percent protein, 4.8 percent fat, and 77.6 percent carbohydrate. Macronutrient content of jam and syrup was lower than that of fresh fruit, except for carbohydrate. Vitamin A content in 100 g of pedada was 11.21 (RE and in jam and syrup was 1.27 (RE and 0.64 (RE respectively. Vitamin B1 content in 100 g of fresh pedada was 5.04 mg, while in jam and syrup were 4.2 mg and 6.72 mg, respectively. Vitamin B2 content in 100 g of fresh pedada was 7.65 mg, while in jam and syrup were 1.94 mg and 1.12 mg, respectively. Vitamin C content in 100 g of fresh pedada was 56.74 mg and decreased to 12.20 mg and 17.08 mg in jam and syrup, respectively. Pedada and its products could contribute as source of macro and micro nutrient in the diet of community. Keywords: pedada (sonneratia caseolaris, pedada’s jam, pedada’s syrup, vitamin ABSTRAK Mangrove (Sonneratia caseolaris tumbuh di perairan payau. Buahnya, pedada, mengandung vitamin, dan belum pernah diolah menjadi selai dan sirup. Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan komposisi zat gizi makro dan potensi vitamin A, B1, B2, C dalam buah pedada dan produk olahannya. Desain penelitian adalah rancangan acak lengkap dengan dua ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komposisi proksimat buah pedada segar berdasarkan bobot kering adalah 9,2 persen protein, 4,8 persen lemak, dan 77,6 persen karbohidrat. Kandungan zat gizi makro pada produk selai dan sirup lebih rendah, sedangkan kandungan karbohidratnya lebih tinggi. Kandungan vitamin A dalam 100 g pedada segar sebesar 11,21 (RE dan setelah

  11. PRODUKSI BIOGAS DARI SAMPAH BUAH DAN SAYUR : PENGARUH VOLATILE SOLID DAN LIMONEN

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    Piyantina Rukmini

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak- Biogas merupakan salah satu sumber energi alternatif yang sedang dikembangkan dan sumber energi yang terbarukan. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah kulit jeruk busuk (Citrus sinensia osbeck dan kobis (Brassica oleracea. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh volatile solid dan limonen terhadap produksi biogas. Penelitian menggunakan erlenmeyer 500 mL sebanyak 6 buah, waterbath, manometer air, dan thermometer. Volume total digester 350 mL. Penelitian dilakukan dengan cara menghancurkan bahan baku supaya lebih mudah didegradasi oleh bakteri. Oksigen yang bersifat toxic bagi bakteri anaerobik, dapat dihilangkan dengan penambahan N2 dalam digester pada awal operasi. Penelitian dilakukan pada kondisi mesofilik (30 – 400C selama 50 hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada digester yang memiliki VS sama (T1 dan T3 dengan 15% VS, dan T2 dan T4 dengan 20% VS, dengan konsentrasi kulit jeruk/limonen berbeda (T1= 114ppm< T3= 170ppm, dan T2= 152ppm

  12. A purely green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Carica papaya, Manihot esculenta, and Morinda citrifolia: synthesis and antibacterial evaluations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syafiuddin, Achmad; Salmiati; Hadibarata, Tony; Salim, Mohd Razman; Kueh, Ahmad Beng Hong; Sari, Ajeng Arum

    2017-09-01

    Green procedure for synthesizing silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is currently considered due to its economy and toxic-free effects. Several existing works on synthesizing AgNPs using leaves extract still involve the use of physical or mechanical treatment such as heating or stirring, which consume a lot of energy. To extend and explore the green extraction philosophy, we report here the synthesis and antibacterial evaluations of a purely green procedure to synthesize AgNPs using Carica papaya, Manihot esculenta, and Morinda citrifolia leaves extract without the aforementioned additional treatment. The produced AgNPs were characterized using the ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and antibacterial investigations. For antibacterial tests, two bacteria namely Escherichia coli and Bacillus cereus were selected. The presently employed method has successfully produced spherical AgNPs having sizes ranging from 9 to 69 nm, with plasmonic characteristics ranging from 356 to 485 nm, and energy-dispersive X-ray peak at approximately 3 keV. In addition, the smallest particles can be produced when Manihot esculenta leaves extract was applied. Moreover, this study also confirmed that both the leaves and synthesized AgNPs exhibit the antibacterial capability, depending on their concentration and the bacteria type.

  13. Antibacterial Activity of Ethyl Acetate the Extract of Noni Fruit (Morinda citrifolia L.) Against Bacterial Spoilage in Fish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nugraheni, E. R.; Adriani, G. R.; Munawaroh, H.

    2017-04-01

    Noni fruit (Morinda citrifolia L.) contains compounds that have potential as antibacterial agent. Antibacterial compounds produced noni fruit (M. citrifolia L.) can inhibit bacterial growth. This study was conducted to test the antibacterial activity of ethyl acetate extract of noni fruit (M. citrifolia L.) against spoilage bacterial in fish. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Enterobacter aerogenes isolates and examine antibacterial phytochemical profile. Extraction of noni compounds was done by maceration, followed by partition with ethyl acetate to obtain the soluble and insoluble ethyl acetate fraction. Previews result show that the ethyl acetate extract had very strong activity. Extraction process continued by separation and isolation used preparative thin layer chromatography method, so that obtained five isolates and mark them as A, B, C, D and E. Antibacterial activity assay performed on isolates A, B, C, D, and E with 20 and 30% concentration. The test results showed that isolates A could not be inhibit the growth of bacteria, isolates B, C, D, and E has antibacterial activity with weak to strong inhibition. Isolate B had the greatest inhibition activity against the B. cereus, whereas isolates E had the greatest inhibition activity against P. aeroginosa. MIC (Minimum Inhibitor Concentration) and MBC (Minimum Bactericidal Concentration) test result showed that MIC and MBC values could not be determined. Analysis of compounds by TLC showed that isolate B suspected contains coumarin or flavonoids compounds that have antibacterial activity.

  14. Morinda citrifolia L. Leaf Extract Protects against Cerebral Ischemia and Osteoporosis in an In Vivo Experimental Model of Menopause

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    Jintanaporn Wattanathorn

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available We aimed to determine the protective effects against cerebral ischemia and osteoporosis of Morinda citrifolia extract in experimental menopause. The neuroprotective effect was assessed by giving M. citrifolia leaf extract at doses of 2, 10, and 50 mg/kg BW to the bilateral ovariectomized (OVX rats for 7 days. Then, they were occluded in the right middle cerebral artery (MCAO for 90 minutes. The neurological score, brain infarction volume, oxidative stress status, and ERK1/2 and eNOS activities were assessed 24 hours later. M. citrifolia improved neurological score, brain infarction, and brain oxidative stress status in the cortex of OVX rats plus the MCAO. No changes in ERK 1/2 signal pathway and NOS expression were observed in this area. Our data suggested that the neuroprotective effect of the extract might occur partly via the improvement of oxidative stress status in the cortex. The antiosteoporotic effect in OVX rats was also assessed after an 84-day intervention of M. citrifolia. The serum levels of calcium, osteocalcin, and alkaline phosphatase and osteoblast density in the tibia were increased, but the density of osteoclast was decreased in OVX rats which received the extract. Therefore, the current data suggested that the extract possessed antiosteoporotic effect by increasing bone formation but decreasing bone resorption.

  15. Removal of fluoride from drinking water using aluminum hydroxide coated activated carbon prepared from bark of Morinda tinctoria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amalraj, Augustine; Pius, Anitha

    2017-10-01

    The aim of this study is to design and develop a novel cost effective method for fluoride removal, applicable to rural areas of developing countries. Adsorption is widely considered as one of the appropriate technologies for water defluoridation. This study investigates the feasibility of using low-cost biomass based activated carbon from the bark of Morinda tinctoria coated with aluminum hydroxide (AHAC) for water defluoridation, at neutral pH range. Characterization of AHAC was done through IR, SEM with EDAX studies before and after fluoride treatment. The fluoride adsorption capacity of AHAC as a function of contact time, pH and initial fluoride concentration was investigated. The role of co-existing interfering ions also was studied. The isotherm and kinetic models were used to understand the nature of the fluoride adsorption onto AHAC. Freundlich isotherm and intra-particle diffusion were the best-fitting models for the adsorption of fluoride on AHAC. Fluoride adsorption kinetics well fitted with pseudo-second order model. The results showed excellent fluoride adsorption capacity was found to be 26.03 mg g-1 at neutral pH.

  16. Synthesis of eco-friendly silver nanoparticles from Morinda tinctoria leaf extract and its larvicidal activity against Culex quinquefasciatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, K Ramesh; Nattuthurai, N; Gopinath, Ponraj; Mariappan, Tirupathi

    2015-02-01

    Mosquitoes are the major vector for the transmission of malaria, dengue fever, yellow fever, filariasis, chikungunya and Japanese encephalitis, and they accounted for global mortality and morbidity with increased resistance to common insecticides. The aim of this study was to investigate the larvicidal potential of the acetone leaf extracts of Morinda tinctoria and synthesized silver nanoparticles against third instar larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae). Nanoparticles are being used in many commercial applications. It was found that aqueous silver ions can be reduced by aqueous extract of plant parts to generate extremely stable silver nanoparticles in water. Synthesized AgNPs were characterized by ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy, Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis. The synthesized silver nanoparticles have also been tested against the third instar larvae of C. quinquefasciatus. The leaf extract and the AgNPs high mortality values were 50 % lethal concentration (LC50) = 8.088 and 1.442 ppm against C. quinquefasciatus, respectively. The results recorded from ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy support the biosynthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles. These results suggest that the leaf extract of M. tinctoria and synthesis of AgNPs have the potential to be used as an ideal eco-friendly approach for the control of C. quinquefasciatus. By this approach, it is suggestive that this rapid synthesis of nanoparticles would be proper for developing a biological process for mosquito control.

  17. Pengaruh Perbandingan Sari Buah dan Gula Terhadap Mutu Minuman Fungsional Labu Kuning

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    Kamsina Kamsina

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Functional beverage is a kind of beverage obtained from the edible part of fruit through process of washing, crushing, and purifying (if required, pasteurizing, fermenting, and packaging to be consumed immediately. Functional drinks of pumpkin can be used as a satisfying taste and have special function to increase the certain vitamins and minerals intake, inceasing stamina, and reducing the risk of certain diseases (such as antioxidants to reduce the risk of cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimum concentration of pumpkin juice and sugar concentration in making functional drinks of pumpkin. The results showed that the treatment variation of pumpkin juice and water ratio 1:1 and the addition of sugar 20% (A1B3 provided the best results for pH, sugar content, total acid, total dissolved solid, metal contamination, and the amount of lactic acid bacteria. For all treatments, the results of microbial contamination were good, both coliforms <2 APM/100 ml (negative and salmonella (negative, and had storage resistance at a temperature of 4oC (refrigerator for three (3 weeks.ABSTRAKMinuman fungsional dihasilkan dari pengolahan buah untuk dikonsumsi secara langsung. Minuman ini diperoleh melalui  proses pencucian, penghancuran, penjernihan (jika dibutuhkan, pasteurisasi, fermentasi, dan pengemasan. Minuman fungsional labu kuning bisa digunakan sebagai pemuas rasa dan berfungsi khusus untuk menambah asupan vitamin dan mineral tertentu, meningkatkan stamina tubuh, dan mengurangi resiko penyakit tertentu (seperti antioksidan untuk mengurangi resiko kanker. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan konsentrasi juice labu kuning dan konsentrasi gula yang optimal dalam pembuatan minuman fungsional labu kuning. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan rasio sari labu kuning dengan air 1:1 dan penambahan gula pasir 20%  (A1B3  memberikan hasil terbaik terhadap nilai pH, kadar gula, total asam,   total padatan terlarut, cemaran logam

  18. VARIASI KONSENTRASI BUAH ASAM (Tamarindus indica L. DAN SUSU SKIM TERHADAP KUALITAS YOGHURT KUNIR ASAM

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    Ni Putu Rahayu Artini

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh variasi konsentrasi buah asam (Tamarindus indica L. dan  susu skim untuk menghasilkan kualitas yoghurt sesuai  dengan SNI 01-2981-2009.Rancangan percobaan yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL yang terdiri atas sembilan perlakuan. Yoghurt kunir asam dibuat dari variasi penambahan variasi konsentrasi Tamarindus indica L. 30%, 40%, dan 50% (b/V dan  susu skim 5%, 10%, dan 15% (b/V. Sifat fisika, kimia, dan mikrobiologi  yoghurt kunir asam diamati. Dihasilkan kualitas terbaik yoghurt kunir asam dengan penambahan 30% Tamarindus indica L. (b/V0dan 15% susu skim (b/V. Dengan hasil analisis penampakan cairan kental; konsistensi homogen; rasa asam; bau khas; viskositas 89,3 cP; pH 4,85; kadar abu 1,52%; kadar lemak total 2,53%; kadar protein total 3,74%; kadar asam laktat 0,223%, kadar kurkumin 0,389%; cemaran logam Pb dan Cu serta Total Coliform dan E. coli negatif. ABSTRACT:.The objective of this research was to determinethe influence of concentrated Tamarindus indica L. and skim milk powder in producing tumuric curcumin yogurt towards its product based on SNI 01-2981-2009. The research was conducted in completely randomized design which consisted of nine treatments. The yogurt mixtures were made from a variation of 30%, 40%, and 50% of Tamarindus indica L. and addition of  5%, 10%, and 15% of skim milk powder.  Physical, chemical, and microbiology properties of the turmeric curcuma yogurts were observed.  The results showed the best quality of turmeric curcumin  yogurt was formulated by the addition of 30% Tamarindus indica L. and 15% skim milk powder,  with the results of the analysis: the appearance of a viscous fluid; homogeneous consistency; sour taste; distinctive smell; viscosity of 89.3 cP; pH of 4.85; ash content of 1.52%; total fat content of 2.53%; total protein content of 3.74%; lactic acid levels of 0.22%, curcumin content of 0

  19. Pengaruh Word Of Mouth Terhadap Minat Beli Konsumen Baraya Travel Pool Buah Batu (Studi Pada Mahasiswa Administrasi Bisnis Universitas Telkom Angkatan 2013

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    Revina Anisa Agnelia

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the effect of Word of Mouth towards Buah Batu Baraya Travel Consumer Purchase Intention. The method that being used is descriptive - causal. The sampling technique that being used is nonprobability sampling with the sampling method incidental sampling. The data collection is done by distributing questionnaires to 100 Students of Business Administration Student 2013 of Telkom University that know Baraya Travel pool Buah Batu. Data analysis technique that being used is simple linear regression analysis. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the Word of Mouth has positive effect on Baraya Travel consumer purchase intention. Based on the coefficient of determination (R2 calculation can be known the magnitude of the effect of word of mouth (X variable on purchase intention (Y was 32.9%. While the remaining 67.1% is influenced by other factors that not be examined in this study.

  20. Pengaruh Partisi Etil Asetat Ekstra Buah Pare (Momordica Charantia Terhadap Penurunan Kadar Glukosa Darah Tikus Putih ( Rattus Norvegicus Yang Diinduksi Streptozotozin

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    Muhammad Ghufron Ananta

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui khasiat pemberian partisi etil asetat ekstrak buah pare terhadap penurunan kadar glukosa darah tikus putih (Rattus norvegicus diabetes melitus. Pengukuran kadar glukosa darah dilakukan sebelum disuntikkan streptozotocin dan pada hari ke 0, 4, 11, dan18 setelah tikus dalam keadaan diabetes mellitus eksperimental. Pemberian perlakuan (ekstrak pare dan partisi kloroform dilakukan pada hari nol sampai hari ke 18. Penelitian ini terdiri atas empat perlakuan dan lima pengulangan dengan menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap. Lima perlakuan ini adalah tikus normal yang menjadi kontrol negatif (-, tikus diabetes melitus BB kontrol positif (+, tikus diabetes melitus dan ekstrak pare 2% (200 mg/kg BB dan tikus diabetes melitus dan partisi etil asetat 50 mg/kg BB . Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian partisi etil asetat ekstrak buah pare berpengaruh nyata (P<0.05 terhadap penurunan kadar glukosa darah tubuh. Kesimpulan ekstrak etil asetat pare dapat digunakan untuk menurunkan kadar glukosa darah tikus.

  1. AKTIVITAS ANTIMALARIA (IN VIVO KOMBINASI BUAH SIRIH (Piper betle L, DAUN MIYANA (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR. MADU DAN KUNING TELUR PADA MEN CIT YANG DIINFEKSI Plasmodium berghei

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    Yun Astuti Nugroho

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Malaria is a major public health problem in the world and developing countries in particular, causing an estimated 1-2 million deaths per year, an annual incidence of 300-500 million clinical cases and more than 2 billion people were at risk of infection from it. But it is also becoming more difficult to treat malaria due to the increasing drug resistance. Therefore, the need for alternative drugs is acute. This study aims at investigating the in vivo antiplasmodial activity of Piper betle L., fruit (buah sirih, Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR., (daun miyana, honey and egg yolk combination. Methods: A rodent malaria parasite, Plasmodium berghei, was inoculated into Swiss albino mice. The mice were infected with Ixl05 parasites intraperitoneally. The Piper betle L., fruit (buah sirih, Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR., (daun miyana, honey and egg yolk combination were combined and administered by an intra gastric tube daily for seven days starting from the day of parasite inoculation. The control groups received the same amount of solvent (vehicle used to suspend each dose of the herbal drug. Chloroquine was used as a standard drug, administered through the same route. Results: Combination of Piper betle L., fruit (buah sirih, Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR., (daun miyana, honey and egg yolk were observed to inhibit Plasomodium berghei parasitaemia in the Swiss albino mice 100 % on the sixth day. Conclusion: The study could partly confirm the claim in East Sulawesi traditional medicine that the Piper betle L., fruit (buah sirih, Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR., (daun miyana, honey and egg yolk combination has therapeutic values in human malaria. There was, thus, the need to initiate further in-depth investigation by using different experimental models.

  2. The hot-water extract of leaves of noni, Morinda citrifolia, promotes the immunocompetence of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marisa Halim, Atika; Lee, Pai-Po; Chang, Zhong-Wen; Chang, Chin-Chyuan

    2017-05-01

    The hot-water Morinda citrifolia leaf extract (HMLE) was prepared for in vitro assessment on phenoloxidase (PO) activity, respiratory bursts (RBs), and phagocytic activity (PA). Furthermore, the HMLE was administrated in the diet at 0.6, 3, and 6 g (kg diet) -1 for Macrobrachium rosenbergii, and the potential effects on the immunocompetence of prawns were evaluated. PO activity, RBs, and PA in hemocytes incubated with the HMLE at 140, 20, 20, and 140 mg l -1 significantly increased. The immune parameters of the total hemocyte count (THC), differential hemocyte count (DHC), RBs, PO activity, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, PA, transglutaminase (TG) activity and hemolymph clotting time were evaluated before and after 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 weeks of the feeding trial. During 9 weeks of the feeding trial, higher THCs, DHCs, RBs, PO, and TG as well as accelerated clotting times were observed in prawns fed HMLE-containing diets at 0.6 g kg -1 . The mRNA expressions of prophenoloxidase, TG, crustin, and lysozyme of prawns fed HMLE-containing diets at 0.6 g kg -1 for 9 weeks of the feeding trial significantly increased. The susceptibility of prawns fed the HMLE at 0.6 g kg -1 to Lactococcus garvieae infection significantly decreased, and the relative survival percentage was 23.1%. We therefore found that HMLE administrated through the diet at 0.6 g kg -1 was capable of enhancing the immunity and resistance against L. garvieae in M. rosenbergii. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. STUDI PENGARUH JENIS DAN KONSENTRASI ZAT FIKSASI TERHADAP KUALITAS WARNA KAIN BATIK DENGAN PEWARNA ALAM LIMBAH KULIT BUAH RAMBUTAN (Nephelium Lappaceum

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    Rizka Amalia

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Pewarnaan kain batik dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan zat warna alami dan zat warna sintetis. Keunggulan zat warna alam antara lain lebih murah, ramah lingkungan, dan menghasilkan warna yang khas. Salah satu zat warna alam yang berasal dari limbah yang dapat dimanfaatkan adalah limbah kulit buah rambutan. Kelemahan dari penggunaan pewarna alam yaitu ketahanan luntur warna dan intesitas (ketuaan warna yang relatif kurang baik. Penggunaan zat fiksasi adalah salah alternatif untuk memecahkan masalah tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui sejauh mana pengaruh penggunaan konsentrasi dan jenis zat fiksasi kapur, tawas dan tunjung pada proses fiksasi terhadap daya tahan luntur dan penodaan warna kain batik katun yang dicelup dengan zwa ekstrak kulit buah rambutan. Bahan yang digunakan adalah kain batik katun yang dicelup dengan ekstrak zwa kulit buah rambutan, kemudian dilanjutkan pengerjaan fiksasi pada larutan kapur dengan variasi konsentrasi 5 g/l, 25 g/l dan 45 g/l pada setiap zat fiksasi sebagai variabel bebas dan variabel terikat yaitu ketahanan luntur dan penodaan warna terhadap pencucian. Hasil uji ketahanan luntur dan penodaan warna menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan zat fiksasi tawas didapatkan nilai ketahanan luntur yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan zat fiksasi kapur dan tunjung sedangkan pada konsentrasi zat fiksasi yang berbeda menunjukkan bahwa pada penggunaan konsentrasi bahan fiksasi yang lebih tinggi (25% dan 45%, nilai greyscale dan stainingscale akan semakin baik.Kata kunci : rambutan, pewarna alam, kain, fiksasi

  4. Variasi Temperatur dan Waktu Tahan Kalsinasi terhadap Unjuk Kerja Semikonduktor TiO2 sebagai Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC dengan Dye dari Ekstrak Buah Naga Merah

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    Sahat M. R. Nadaek

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu energi alternatif yang mempunyai potensi sumber energi yang sangat besar untuk mencegah terjadinya krisis energi namun sering kali terabaikan adalah sinar matahari. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini dilakukan untuk  menghasilkan prototype dalam mengkonversi energi cahaya matahari menjadi energi listrik. Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC telah difabrikasi dengan menggunakan serbuk Titanium Dioksida (TiO2 yang dilapisi ke kaca Indium Tin Oxide dan diberi variasi temperatur 350oC, 450oC, dan 550oC dengan waktu tahan kalsinasi 30 dan 60 menit yang kemudian disensitisasi ke dalam larutan dye ekstrak buah naga merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus. DSSC di-assembling dengan coating Pd/Au yang telah di-sputtering ke kaca Indium Tin Oxide yang selanjutnya ditetesi dengan larutan elektrolit. Kemudian lapisan TiO2 tersebut dikarakterisasi menggunakan uji (SEM dan (XRD. Luas permukaan aktif partikel diidentifikasi dengan menggunakan BET analyzer. Dari hasil XRD dapat diketahui struktur kristalnya tetragonal. Hasil SEM menunjukkan bahwa bentuk partikel TiO2 adalah spherical. Untuk luas permukaan aktif yang dihasilkan menunjukkan nilai yang berbanding lurus dengan kenaikan nilai kelistrikan DSSC buah naga. Dari uji kelistrikan didapatkan hasil optimum pada temperatur 550oC dan waktu tahan 60 menit dengan voltase 562 mV, kuat arus 0.307 mA, dan memiliki efisiensi sebesar 0.089%. Kata kunci: Dye ekstrak buah naga merah, dye sensitized solar cell, temperatur kalsinasi, TiO2, waktu tahan kalsinasi.

  5. EFEK PEMBERIAN KOMBINASI BUAH SIRIH (Piper betle L FRUIT, DAUN MIYANA (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR. LEAF, MADU DAN KUNING TELUR TERHADAP PENINGKATAN AKTIVITAS DAN KAPASITAS FAGOSITOSIS SEL MAKROFAG

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    Yun Astuti Nugroho

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang, kombinasi buah sirih (Piper betle L, daun miyana (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR, madu dan kuning telur dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat Sulawesi Utara untuk mengobati malaria.  Diharapkan kombinasi buah sirih (Piper betle L, daun miyana (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR, madu dan kuning telur juga memiliki potensi untuk merangsang respon imun. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian kombinasi buah sirih (Piper betle L, daun miyana (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR, madu dan kuning telur terhadap aktivitas dan kapasitas sel makrofag. Metode, tiga puluh ekor mencit Swiss dibagi ke dalam 5 grup. Grup I mendapatkan air suling, grup II mendapatkan 0,55 mg/20g BB Stimuno. Sementara kelompok perlakuan: grup III sampai V masing-masing mendapatkan  0,07 mL; 0,21 mL; 0,6 mL/20 g BB. Bahan uji diberikan secara oral pada hari pertama sampai dengan ketujuh. Pada hari kedelapan, kepada masing-masing mencit disuntik secara intraperitoneal bakteri Staphylococcus aureus (SA. Aktivitas dan kapasitas sel  makrofag dihitung dari sediaan apus cairan peritoneum dengan menghitung persentase fagosit yang melakukan fagositosis dari 100 fagosit. Kapasitas fagositosis ditetapkan berdasarkan jumlah SA yang difagositosis oleh 50 fagosit aktif. Hasil, aktivitas dan kapasitas sel makrofag meningkat seiring dengan peningkatan dosis kombinasi buah sirih (Piper betle L, daun miyana (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. R. BR, madu dan kuning telur dibandingkan dengan kontrol negatif. Kata  kunci: Buah sirih, Piper betle L, Makrofag, Fagositosis 

  6. EFEKTIVITAS Bacillus thuringiensis H-14 STRAIN LOKAL DALAM BUAH KELAPA TERHADAP LARVA Anopheles sp dan Culex sp di KAMPUNG LAUT KABUPATEN CILACAP

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    Blondine Ch. P

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Bacillus thuringiensis serotipe H-14 strain lokal adalah bakteri patogen bersifat target spesifiknya larva nyamuk, aman bagi mamalia dan lingkungan. Penelitian bertujuan menentukan efektivitas B. thuringiensis H-14 strain lokal yang dikembangbiakkan dalam buah kelapa untuk pengendalian larva Anopheles sp dan Culex sp. Rancangan eksperimental semu, terdiri dari kelompok perlakuan dan kontrol. Bacillus thuringiensis H-14 strain lokal dikembangbiakan dalam10 buah kelapa umur 6–8 bulan, dengan berat kira-kira 1 kg, telah berisi air kelapa sekitar 400-500 ml/buah kelapa yang diperoleh dari Desa Klaces, Kampung Laut, Kabupaten Cilacap. Diinkubasi selama 14 hari pada temperatur kamar dan ditebarkan di 6 kolam yang menjadi habitat perkembangbiakan larva nyamuk dengan luas berkisar 3–100 m2.Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan efektivitas B. thuringiensis H-14 strain lokal terhadap larva Anopheles sp dan Culex sp selama 1 hari sesudah penebaran kematian larva berturut-turut sebesar 80–100% dan 79,31–100%. Sedangkan pada hari ke-14 sebesar 69,30–76,71% dan 67,69–86,04%. Buah kelapa dapat digunakan sebagai media lokal alternatif untuk pengembangbiakan B. thuringiensis H-14 strain lokal Kata kunci: B. thuringiensis H-14,  strain  lokal, buah kelapa, pengendalian larva Abstract Bacillus thuringiensis serotype H-14 local strain is pathogenic bacteria which specific  target to mosquito larvae. It is safe for mammals and enviroment. The aims of this study was to determine the effectivity of B. thuringiensis H-14 local strain which culturing in thecoconut wates against Anopheles sp and Culex sp mosquito larvae. This research is quasi experiment which consist of treated  and control groups. Bacillus thuringiensis H-14 local strain was cultured in 10 coconuts with 6–8 months age with weight around 1 kg that contained were approximately 400-500 ml/coconut were taken from Klaces village, Kampung Laut. After that the coconuts incubated for 14

  7. Pemberian ekstrak air buah sawo (Manilkara zapota L. menurunkan kadar glukosa darah tikus (rattus norvegicus diabetes mellitus

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    Effatul Afifah

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTBackground: Diabetes mellitus (DM is a chronic metabolic problem disorder characterized by hyperglicemia which is caused by insulin deficiency produced by β-pancreas cells, thus causing abnormalities of carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism, and tend to cause complications. Objectives: To know the effect of sapodilla extract water on blood glucose level of diabetic induce mice. Methods: This was an experimental study with pre-post control group design. Sapodilla extract water (EABS was fed to group of mice with alloxan diabetes induction. Twenty four DM induced mice were separated into 4 groups, e.g. control without and with medication of glibenclamide, EABS 1 (treated with 3.6 mL/200 g body weight, and EABS 2 (treated with 7.2 mL/200 g body weight. Mice were then measured for their blood glucose level at the day of 3, 14, and 30. Results: EABS 1 and EABS 2 decreased blood glucose levels at week of 1st, 2nd, and 3rd after induction. The greatest reduction was shown by EABS 2 at the 3rd week. EABS decreased blood glucose level of mice induced DM and signifi cantly shown at glibenclamide group, followed by EABS 2 and EABS 1.Conclusions: EABS reduced blood glucose levels of diabetic mice and signifi cantly shown for glibenclamide group, followed by EABS 2 and EABS 1.KEYWORDS: diabetes mellitus, sapodilla extract water, blood glucoseABSTRAKLatar belakang: Diabetes mellitus (DM merupakan penyakit gangguan metabolik kronis yang ditandai dengan hiperglikemia yang disebabkan oleh kekurangan insulin yang dihasilkan oleh sel β-pankreas sehingga menimbulkan kelainan metabolisme karbohidrat, protein dan lemak, dan cenderung menimbulkan komplikasi.Tujuan: Mengetahui efek pemberian ekstrak buah air sawo terhadap kadar glukosa darah tikus yang diinduksi DM.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental murni dengan rancangan pre-post test control group design dengan memberikan intervensi ekstrak buah air sawo (EABS pada kelompok tikus

  8. ISOLASI DAN IDENTIFIKASI SENYAWA AKTIF EKSTRAK ETANOL BUAH PARE (Momordica charantia YANG DAPAT MENURUNKAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH.

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    Ketut Sepdyana Kartini

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK : Telah dilakukan penelitian isolasi dan identifikasi senyawa aktif yang dapat menurunkan kadar glukosa darah dari ekstrak etanol buah pare terhadap tikus putih jantan (Rattus novergicus yang diinduksi aloksan. Ekstrak etanol buah pare dipartisi dengan n-heksana, kloroform, dan n-butanol. Berdasarkan hasil uji, fraksi n-heksana paling cepat menurunkan kadar glukosa darah pada hari ke-14. Fraksi n-heksana selanjutnya dipisahkan dengan kromatografi kolom menggunakan eluen n-heksana : etil asetat (6 : 4,5 diperoleh 5 fraksi (FA - FE. Berdasarkan hasil uji, fraksi A merupakan fraksi yang paling aktif menurunkan kadar glukosa darah dibandingkan fraksi lainnya (fraksi B, C, D, E. Fraksi A dapat menurunkan kadar glukosa darah pada hari ke-7. Hasil identifikasi isolat aktif (FA menggunakan GC-MS menunjukkan adanya 10 senyawa yaitu  n-tetradekana, metil dodekanoat, metil heksadekanoat, etil heksadekanoat, metil-9,12oktadekadienoat, metil-9-oktadekenoat, metil oktadekanoat, etil oktadekanoat, metil-9cis-11trans-13trans oktadekatrienoat, dan mono (2-etilheksil-1,2-benzenadikarboksilat. ABSTRACT : The aim of this research was to isolate and identify the active compounds from ethanol extract of bitter melon fruit to reduce the blood glucose levels of male mice (Rattus novergicus which was alloxan induced. Partition of the ethanol extract using n-hexane, chloroform, and n-butanol was conducted and we found that the n-hexane fractions was the fastest to reduce blood glucose levels on day 14. The n-hexane fractions were then separated by coloumn chromatography using n-hexane: ethyl acetate (6: 4,5 as eluent and five fractions (FA - FE were obtained. Based on the test result, fraction A was the most active fraction to reduce the blood glucose levels than other fractions (fractions B, C, D, E. The fraction A could reduce blood glucose levels on day 7. Identification of the active isolates (FA was conducted by using GC-MS showed 10 compounds which were n

  9. Subchronic toxicity, immunoregulation and anti-breast tumor effect of Nordamnacantal, an anthraquinone extracted from the stems of Morinda citrifolia L.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu, Nadiah; Zamberi, Nur Rizi; Yeap, Swee Keong; Nordin, Noraini; Mohamad, Nurul Elyani; Romli, Muhammad Firdaus; Rasol, Nurulfazlina Edayah; Subramani, Tamilselvan; Ismail, Nor Hadiani; Alitheen, Noorjahan Banu

    2018-01-27

    Morinda citrifolia L. that was reported with immunomodulating and cytotoxic effects has been traditionally used to treat multiple illnesses including cancer. An anthraquinone derived from fruits of Morinda citrifolia L., nordamnacanthal, is a promising agent possessing several in vitro biological activities. However, the in vivo anti-tumor effects and the safety profile of nordamnacanthal are yet to be evaluated. In vitro cytotoxicity of nordamnacanthal was tested using MTT, cell cycle and Annexin V/PI assays on human MCF-7 and MDA-MB231 breast cancer cells. Mice were orally fed with nordamnacanthal daily for 28 days for oral subchronic toxicity study. Then, the in vivo anti-tumor effect was evaluated on 4T1 murine cancer cells-challenged mice. Changes of tumor size and immune parameters were evaluated on the untreated and nordamnacanthal treated mice. Nordamnacanthal was found to possess cytotoxic effects on MDA-MB231, MCF-7 and 4T1 cells in vitro. Moreover, based on the cell cycle and Annexin V results, nordamnacanthal managed to induce cell death in both MDA-MB231 and MCF-7 cells. Additionally, no mortality, signs of toxicity and changes of serum liver profile were observed in nordamnacanthal treated mice in the subchronic toxicity study. Furthermore, 50 mg/kg body weight of nordamncanthal successfully delayed the progression of 4T1 tumors in Balb/C mice after 28 days of treatment. Treatment with nordamnacanthal was also able to increase tumor immunity as evidenced by the immunophenotyping of the spleen and YAC-1 cytotoxicity assays. Nordamnacanthal managed to inhibit the growth and induce cell death in MDA-MB231 and MCF-7 cell lines in vitro and cease the tumor progression of 4T1 cells in vivo. Overall, nordamnacanthal holds interesting anti-cancer properties that can be further explored.

  10. KANDUNGAN CADMIUM DAN TIMBAL BUAH MANGROVE Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Avicennia alba DAN Sonneratia caseolaris DARI MUARA SUNGAI MATI DAN DAERAH PEMOGAN, BADUNG, BALI-INDONESIA

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    Luh Pt Widya Kalifika Devi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK: Indonesia adalah salah satu negara yang mempunyai hutan mangrove terbesar di dunia.Balai Pengelolaan Hutan Mangrove Wilayah I Bali telah memberikan penyuluhan untuk mengolah bahan makanan dari buah mangrove yang mengambil bahan dasar dari buah mangrove Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Avicennia alba dan Sonneratia caseolaris yang tumbuh di muara Sungai Mati yang berpotensi mengalami penurunan kualitas karena terkontaminasi limbah logam berat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari kandungan logam berat buah bakau apakah layak untuk dikonsumsi berdasarkan baku mutu SK Dirjen POM No. 03725/B/SK/VII/1989 ditinjau dari kandungan logam Pb dan Cd. Penelitian dilakukan dengan mengambil sampel di kawasan muara Sungai Mati dan daerah Pemogan, daging buahnya didestruksi dengan metode destruksi basah dan diukur menggunakan Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS pada  283,30 nm untuk logam Pb dan 228,8 nm untuk logam Cd. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kandungan total logam Pb dan Cd buah mangrove Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Sonneratia caseolaris, Avicennia albadi daerah Sungai Mati dan di daerah Pemogan telah melebihi ambang batas baku mutu SK Dirjen POM No. 03725/B/SK/VII/1989.   ABSTRACT: Indonesia is one of the countries with the largest mangrove forest. Balai Pengelolaan Mangrove Area I Bali has provided counseling in food processing from mangrove fruits of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Avicennia alba and Sonneratia caseolaris that grow in the estuary of Sungai Mati. Sungai Mati is a river potentially contaminated by heavy metals waste derived from activities along the river banks. This research aims to study the heavy metal content of mangrove fruits and to determine if they are suitable for consumption according to the guideline by the Director General of Food and Drug Monitoring in terms of lead and cadmium contents. The study was conducted by collecting samples in the area of ??the Sungai Mati estuary and Pemogan area. Samples were prepared by wet

  11. AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK BUAH ADAS (Foeniculum vulgare, Mill PADA Vibrio harveyi DAN Vibrio alginolyticus Antibacterial Activity of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill Extract on Vibrio alginolyticus and Vibrio harveyi

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    Budianto Budianto

    2015-10-01

    Pada penelitian ini menggunakan ekstrak air dari buah adas untuk mengetahui aktivitas antibakteri terhadap Vibrio harveyi dan Vibrio alginolyticus dengan menggunakan metode uji Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC dan difusi cakram kertas. Hasil yang diperoleh pada uji MIC, konsentrasi terkecil untuk menghambat pertumbuhan adalah 0,060 g/ml, untuk kedua spesies bakteri. Variasi perlakuan pada uji cakram kertas yaitu konsentrasi A (0,065 g/ml, B (0,070 g/ml, C (0,075 g/ml, D (0,080 g/ml, E (0,085 g/ml, F (0,090 g/ml dan kontrol (0,000 g/ml, hasil yang diperoleh adalah konsentrasi 0,090 g/ml memiliki diameter zona hambat tertinggi sebesar 11,17 ± 0,5 mm (V. harveyi dan 12,53 ± 1,14 mm (V. alginolyticus, sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa buah adas (F. vulgare Mill memiliki peranan ekologi yang sangat penting sebagai bahan pengobatan alternatif dalam pengendalian penyebaran penyakit Vibriosis yang disebabkan oleh V. harveyi dan V. alginolyticus. Kata kunci: Foeniculum vulgare Mill, Vibrio harveyi, Vibrio alginolyticus, uji MIC dan difusi cakram kertas

  12. Menyikat Gigi, Konsumsi Buah Dan Sayur, Aktivitas Fisik, Diabetes Mellitus Dengan Jaringan Periodontal Gigi di Indonesia, Tahun 2013

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    Indirawati Tjahja Notohartojo

    2017-06-01

    aktivitas fisik dan Diabetes Mellitus dengan jaringan Periodontal di Indonesia. Penelitian ini merupakan analisis lanjut dari Riskesdas. Riskesdas merupakan riset dengan jenis observasional dan disain potong lintang. Pelaksanaan Riskesdas 2013 di 33 propinsi dan 497 kabupaten/kota di Indonesia pada tahun 2013. Populasi adalah seluruh masyarakat Indonesia. Sampel adalah anggota rumah tangga yang berusia 15 tahun keatas dan berjumlah 722.329 orang. Variabel dependen adalah kesehatan jaringan periodontal sedangkan variable independen adalah menyikat gigi, makan buah dan sayur, aktivitas fisik, dan diabetes mellitus. Analisis data secara bivariat dengan x2 test. Menyikat gigi secara benar berpengaruh signifikan terhadap jaringan periodontal yang sehat, demikian dengan aktivitas fisik yang cukup. Sedangkan konsumsi buah dan sayur yang cukup (p = 0,117 dan menderita diabetes mellitus (p = 0,647 tidak berhubungan signifikan dengan kesehatan jaringan periodontal. Diabetes Mellitus tidak berpengaruh terhadap kesehatan jaringan periodontal kemungkinan karena hanya berdasarkan wawancara dan tidak diikuti dengan pemeriksaan darah. Disarankan untuk menjaga kebersihan gigi dan mulut dengan menyikat gigi dengan cara yang benar yaitu 2 kali sehari setelah sarapan pagi dan sebelum tidur malam. Selain itu, perlu dipromosikan aktivitas fisik yang cukup.  

  13. Karakteristik Minuman Laktat Sari Buah Durian Lay (Durio kutejensis yang Disuplementasi dengan Kultur Lactobacillus selama Penyimpanan pada Suhu Rendah

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    Neti Yuliana

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to characterize the durian lay juices supplemented by Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB  culture during cold storage. The LAB cultures consisted of Lactobacillus plantarum FNCC-0265, Lactobacillus acidophillus FNCC-0051 and combination of these LABs. After being inoculated with a 24 h – old culture starters, durian lay juice was incubated at 37 °C for 2 hours and kept at 4 °C for 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks. Changes in pH, total lactic acid, and sugar content, viable cell counts of LAB, total soluble solid, viability of LAB, and sensory characteristic during fermentation were measured. The results revealed that pH decreased from 4.79 to 4.20; sugar content reduced from 4.52 to 0.75 %; total soluble solid reduced from 8.93 to 7.97 °Bx, and sensory score reduced from 3.71 (like to 3.40 (moderate like; while  the total lactic acid increased from 0.33 to 0.69 %; viable cell counts of LAB increased from 8.86  to 9.14 log CFU/ml; and % viability of LAB decreased from 100 to 95.90, during storage. Combination of Lactobacillus plantarum FNCC-0265 and Lactobacillus acidophillus FNCC-0051 cultures at two weeks cold storage period was the best treatment, based on the sensory and viable cell counts of LAB. The characteristics of this durian lay juice probiotic were pH 4.46, total lactic acid 0.59 %, sugar content 2.13 %, viable cell counts of LAB 9.33 log CFU/mL, total soluble solid 9.60 °Bx, and carbohydrate 45,05 %. This durian lay juice contained oxalate (107.56 mg/L, malic (527.895 mg/L, lactic (4381.49 mg/L and citric (351.245 mg/L acid. ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengkaji karakteristik minuman laktat sari durian lay yang disuplementasi dengan kultur bakteri asam laktat (BAL selama penyimpanan pada suhu rendah. Kultur BAL terdiri dari Lactobacillus plantarum FNCC-0265, Lactobacillus acidophillus FNCC-0051, dan campuran keduanya.  Sari buah durian lay diinokulasi dengan kultur berumur 24 jam lalu diinkubasi pada

  14. RISET SITOTOKSIK CAMPURAN EKSTRAK DAUN SIRSAK (Annona muricata L DAN KULIT BUAH MANGGIS (Garcinia mangostana L PADA SEL VERO DAN AML12

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    Tuty Erlina Mardja

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Campuran Daun sirsak dan Kulit buah manggis sekarang ini banyak digunakan sebagai fito-terapi penyakit kanker dan antioksidan. Tetapi penggunaan bahan ini belum diketahui data keamanannya. Tujuan dilakukan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui efek sitotoksik campuran ekstrak daun sirsak dan kulit buah manggis terhadap sel vero dan sel AML12. Uji sitotoksik dapat memprediksi keberadaan senyawa yang bersifat toksik secara in vitro menggunakan sel normal atau sel yang telah mengalami transformasi. Uji ini menggunakan 2 jenis cell line, yaitu sel vero dan sel AML12. Sampel berupa simplisia daun sirsak dan kulit buah manggis yang dibuat ekstrak dengan menggunakan etanol 96%. Konsentrasi uji yang digunakan adalah 100; 50; 25; 12,5; 6,25 dan 3,125 mg/mL untuk sel vero dan 500; 250; 125; 62,5; 31,25 dan 15,625 mg/mL untuk sel AML12. Kultur sel dilakukan di wellplate 96 diinkubasi didalam inkubator CO2 pada suhu 37°C selama 24 jam kemudian ditambahkan sampel uji dan selanjutnya diinkubasi kembali didalam inkubator CO2 pada suhu 37°C selama 24 jam. Langkah selanjutnya uji MTT dan kemudian dibaca dengan ELISA reader pada panjang gelombang 570nm. Diperoleh hasil sebagai berikut: IC50 55,97 mg/mL pada sel vero, dan 43,292 mg/mL pada sel AML12. Kesimpulannya sampel campuran ekstrak daun sirsak dan kulit buah manggis ini mempunyai efek toksik terhadap sel vero dan sel AML12 (IC50<100 mg/mL. Kata kunci: Sitotoksik, Daun sirsak, Kulit buah manggis, sel vero, sel AML12, IC50 Abstract Mix of soursop leaves and mangosteen pericarp use as cancer phytotherapy and antioxidant, but it is not yet known its toxicities data. The aim of this study was evaluate cytotoxicity effect of mix of soursop leaves and mangosteen pericarps extract on vero cells and AML12 cells. Toxicity study is one ways to predict the presence of toxic compounds using normal cells or cells that have undergone a transformation. That study was using vero cell and AML12. Samples was ethanolic extract

  15. Senyawa Brusein-A dari Buah Makasar (Brucea javanica (L. Merr. sebagai Antiproliferasi terhadap Sel Kanker Payudara T47D

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    Subeki

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Breast cancer is currenly the number one cancer of all cancers attacking women, especially those who live in developing countries including Indonesia. Therefore, the pursuit of drugs for breast cancer is still needed. The aim of this study was to determine the anti proliferative activity of brucein-A against breast cancer T47D cells in vitro. Bruceine-A was isolated from “buah makasar” (Brucea javanica (L. Merr and the structure of the isolated compound was elucidated by spectral data. The activities of anticancer were evaluated from the antiproliferative effects on T47D breast cancer cell line . The antiproliferative effects were examined in cultured cells stained with sulforhodamin B. Each well contained 30,000 cells, which was treated with bruceine-A in 10 concentration variations of 0.04 µg/mL, 0.08 µg/mL, 0.16 µg/mL, 0.31 µg/mL, 0.63 µg/mL, 1.25 µg/mL, 2.5 µg/mL, 5 µg/mL, 10 µg/mL, and 20 µg/mL for 72 hours. The experiment was replicated twice and the inhibitory percentage of cells was then calculated. The results showed that the IC50 value of bruceine-A on T47D cells as anantiproliferative effect was0.54 µg/mL with cisplatin 0.43 µg/mL as the positive control. In conclusion, bruceine-A has an antiproliferative activity on T47D breast cancer cell line.

  16. Studi Eksperimental Pengaruh Intensitas Cahaya terhadap Performa DSSC (Dye Sensitized Solar Cell dengan Ekstrak Buah dan Sayur Sebagai Dye Sensitizer

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    Khoiruz Zadit Taqwa

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Sel surya adalah peralatan yang dapat mengubah energi matahari menjadi energi listrik dengan menggunakan efek photovoltaic. Desain dan konstruksi dari solar cell mengalami perkembangan seiring dengan berkembangnya teknologi saat ini, hingga pada tahun 1991 ditemukan DSSC (Dye Sensitized Solar Cell. Sampai saat ini bahan yang umum digunakan sebagai dye pada pembuatan DSSC adalah ruthenium complex yang berharga mahal dan sulit untuk disintesa. Karena itu perlu dilakukannya penelitian tentang penggunaan bahan lain yang murah dan mudah untuk disintesa sebagai bahan dye, karena itu perlu diadakan pengujian terhadap performa yang dihasilkan dari DSSC dengan bahan dye tersebut dan apa saja variabel yang mempengaruhinya. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah studi eksperimental terhadap prototype DSSC dengan variasi bahan dye sensitizer dari ekstrak kulit manggis (Garcinia mangostana, ekstrak daun bayam (Amaranthus hybridus l. ekstrak buah naga merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus. Pengujian prototype DSSC dilakukan dengan cara menyinarinya menggunakan cahaya lampu halogen yang diatur tegangannya menggunakan sebuah dimmer untuk mengendalikan temperatur dari lampu, sehingga lampu tersebut menghasilkan variasi tintensitas cahaya sebesar 29 W/m2, 36 W/m2 dan 49 W/m2. Selanjutnya pengujian dilakukian dengan cara yang sama, tetapi dengan ditambahkan pendingin berupa air yang mengalir dibawah permukaan prototype DSSC. Penilitian ini menghasilkan kesimpulan bahwa semakin tinggi intensitas cahaya, maka semakin tinggi Pmax yang dihasilkan oleh prototype. Semakin bertambah temperatur pencahayaan maka semakin berkurang performa dari prototype DSSC. Efisiensi yang paling besar dihasilkan oleh prototype dengan bahan dye dari ekstrak kulit manggis pada intensitas 29 W/m2 sebesar 0,73%,Pendinginan yang diberikan kepada prototype mampu memperbaiki efisiensi dari prototype DSSC yang dibuat akan tetapi tidak signifikan.

  17. Effect of Morinda citrifolia leaf as saponin sources on fermentation characteristic, protozoa defaunated, gas and methane production of ruminal fluid in vitro

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    Hendra Herdian

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Many studies have reported that the Morinda citrifolia (pace plant was a useful material for human health. However the exploration of this plant on rumen fermentation is still needed. Therefore, a research was done to study the effect of M. citrifolia leaf on fermentation characteristics of rumen fluid consisted of protozoa defaunated process, VFA composition, NH3 content, rumen microbial protein content, gas and methane production using in vitro techniques. Rumen fluid obtained from two fistulated Ongole crossbreed cattle fed with forage and concentrate feed ration (70 : 30. The fluid was incubated at 39ºC for 48 hours. The treatment on the rumen fluid consisted of control treatment: 100% (200 mg DM kolonjono forage substrate (Penisetum purpureum and M. citrifolia treatments: kolonjono forage plus M. citrifolia (equivalent saponin 3; 6; 9; and 12 mg DM, respectively. The treatment of M. citrifolia leaf addition showed declined patterns in the number of protozoa population (P 0.05. Microbial protein content in rumen fluid increased (P 0.05 compared to control, while M. citrifolia treatments reduced the methane gas production of (P < 0.05 compared to control. It was concluded that M. citrifolia leaf has potential as a limiting agent of protozoa population and methane gas production in rumen.

  18. Morinda citrifolia (Noni Juice Augments Mammary Gland Differentiation and Reduces Mammary Tumor Growth in Mice Expressing the Unactivated c-erbB2 Transgene

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    William P. Clafshenkel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Morinda citrifolia (noni is reported to have many beneficial properties, including on immune, inflammatory, quality of life, and cancer endpoints, but little is known about its ability to prevent or treat breast cancer. To test its anticancer potential, the effects of Tahitian Noni Juice (TNJ on mammary carcinogenesis were examined in MMTV-neu transgenic mice. Mammary tumor latency, incidence, multiplicity, and metastatic incidence were unaffected by TNJ treatment, which suggests that it would not increase or decrease breast cancer risk in women taking TNJ for its other benefits. However, noni may be useful to enhance treatment responses in women with existing HER2/neu breast cancer since TNJ resulted in significant reductions in tumor weight and volume and in longer tumor doubling times in mice. Remarkably, its ability to inhibit the growth of this aggressive form of cancer occurred with the mouse equivalent of a recommended dose for humans (<3 oz/day. A 30-day treatment with TNJ also induced significant changes in mammary secondary ductule branching and lobuloalveolar development, serum progesterone levels, and estrous cycling. Additional studies investigating TNJ-induced tumor growth suppression and modified reproductive responses are needed to characterize its potential as a CAM therapy for women with and without HER2+ breast cancer.

  19. Morinda citrifolia (Noni Fruit Juice Reduces Inflammatory Cytokines Expression and Contributes to the Maintenance of Intestinal Mucosal Integrity in DSS Experimental Colitis

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    Beatriz Coutinho de Sousa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Morinda citrifolia L. (noni has been shown to treat different disorders. However, data concerning its role in the treatment of intestinal inflammation still require clarification. In the current study, we investigated the effects of noni fruit juice (NFJ in the treatment of C57BL/6 mice, which were continuously exposed to dextran sulfate sodium (DSS for 9 consecutive days. NFJ consumption had no impact on the reduction of the clinical signs of the disease or on weight loss. Nonetheless, when a dilution of 1 : 10 was used, the intestinal architecture of the mice was preserved, accompanied by a reduction in the inflammatory infiltrate. Regardless of the concentration of NFJ, a decrease in both the activity of myeloperoxidase and the key inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α and IFN-γ, was also observed in the intestine. Furthermore, when NFJ was diluted 1 : 10 and 1 : 100, a reduction in the production of nitric oxide and IL-17 was detected in gut homogenates. Overall, the treatment with NFJ was effective in different aspects associated with disease progression and worsening. These results may point to noni fruit as an important source of anti-inflammatory molecules with a great potential to inhibit the progression of inflammatory diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease.

  20. Evaluation and quantitative analysis of 11 compounds in Morinda officinalis using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography and photodiode array detection coupled with chemometrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xiangsheng; Kong, Weijun; Zhou, Yakui; Wei, Jianhe; Yang, Meihua

    2017-10-01

    Morinda officinalis (Rubiaceae) is a traditional Chinese medicine widely used for the treatment of impotence and osteoporosis in clinical therapy. In the present study, a rapid and simple ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of 11 bioactive compounds in M. officinalis. This assay method was validated with respect to linearity (R 2   > 0.9991), precision, repeatability, limit of detection, limit of quantification, and accuracy (with observed recovery rates between 94.21 and 100.38%). The quantitative results revealed significant differences in the concentrations of the selected compounds. Additionally, chemometric methods, including hierarchical clustering analysis, principal component analysis, and partial least-squares discriminate analysis, were applied to compare and sort the 25 batches of M. officinalis samples based on the quantitative data of the analytes. All of the samples were clearly divided into two groups: the Hainan samples were successfully discriminated from the samples from other origins. Simultaneous determination of multiple compounds using the proposed method combined with chemometrics could be a viable strategy to compare and evaluate the quality of M. officinalis. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  1. The inulin-type oligosaccharides extract from morinda officinalis, a traditional Chinese herb, ameliorated behavioral deficits in an animal model of post-traumatic stress disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Zhi-Kun; Liu, Chun-Hui; Gao, Zhuo-Wei; He, Jia-Li; Liu, Xu; Wei, Qing-Lan; Chen, Ji-Sheng

    2016-10-01

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe psychiatric condition. The allopregnanolone biosynthesis has been implicated as one of the possible contributors to PTSD. Inulin-type oligosaccharides of morinda officinalis (IOMO) had been shown to be effective in the therapy of depression. However, few studies concern the anti-PTSD-like effects of IOMO. To evaluate this, the single prolonged stress (SPS) model was used in the present study. It had been shown that the behavioral deficits of SPS-treated rats were reversed by IOMO (25.0 and 50.0 mg/kg, i.p.), which reversed the increased freezing time in contextual fear paradigm (CFP) and the decreased time and entries in open arms in the elevated plus maze (EPM) test without affecting the locomotor activity in the open field (OF) test. In addition, the decreased allopregnanolone in the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and amygdala was reversed by IOMO (25.0 and 50.0 mg/kg, i.p.), respectively. In summary, the present study indicated that the IOMO exert anti-PTSD-like behaviors, which maybe associated with the brain allopregnanolone biosynthesis.

  2. An Investigation into the Antiobesity Effects of Morinda citrifolia L. Leaf Extract in High Fat Diet Induced Obese Rats Using a 1H NMR Metabolomics Approach

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    Najla Gooda Sahib Jambocus

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide, with high fat diet (HFD as one of the main contributing factors. Obesity increases the predisposition to other diseases such as diabetes through various metabolic pathways. Limited availability of antiobesity drugs and the popularity of complementary medicine have encouraged research in finding phytochemical strategies to this multifaceted disease. HFD induced obese Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with an extract of Morinda citrifolia L. leaves (MLE 60. After 9 weeks of treatment, positive effects were observed on adiposity, fecal fat content, plasma lipids, and insulin and leptin levels. The inducement of obesity and treatment with MLE 60 on metabolic alterations were then further elucidated using a 1H NMR based metabolomics approach. Discriminating metabolites involved were products of various metabolic pathways, including glucose metabolism and TCA cycle (lactate, 2-oxoglutarate, citrate, succinate, pyruvate, and acetate, amino acid metabolism (alanine, 2-hydroxybutyrate, choline metabolism (betaine, creatinine metabolism (creatinine, and gut microbiome metabolism (hippurate, phenylacetylglycine, dimethylamine, and trigonelline. Treatment with MLE 60 resulted in significant improvement in the metabolic perturbations caused obesity as demonstrated by the proximity of the treated group to the normal group in the OPLS-DA score plot and the change in trajectory movement of the diseased group towards the healthy group upon treatment.

  3. Effect of Aqueous Extract from Morinda officinalis F. C. How on Microwave-Induced Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testis Axis Impairment in Male Sprague-Dawley Rats

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    Bin Song

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to assess the protective effects of aqueous extract from Morinda officinalis F. C. How on microwave-induced reproductive impairment in male rats. Microwave exposure injury was induced by exposure of 900 MHz microwaves at 218 μm/cm2 radiation densities, 24 hours/day for 10 days. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized to: normal control, microwave exposure model, or water layer or ethyl acetate layer of aqueous extract 40 g/kg treatment groups. After 2 weeks of treatment, sexual performance, serum levels of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH, luteinizing hormone (LH, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH or testosterone, morphological analysis of testis and epididymis, and GnRH protein expression in the hypothalamus were measured. Pretreatment with water layer of aqueous extract 40 g/kg significantly improved sexual performance, increased serum testosterone level, and decreased LH and GnRH level compared with microwave exposed model rats (all P<0.05. Water layer of aqueous extract treatment significantly increased seminiferous cell or sperm number in testis and epididymis. Protein expression of GnRH in the hypothalamus significantly decreased in the water layer of aqueous extract treated group (P<0.05. Ethyl acetate layer of aqueous extract did not show obvious effects on the measured parameters. These findings suggest that water layer of aqueous extract 40 g/kg ameliorates microwave-reduced reproductive impairment.

  4. OPTIMASI PROSES EKSTRAKSI PEKTIN DAMI BUAH NANGKA (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk Optimizing of Pectin Extraction Process from Jackfruit Rags (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk

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    I Nengah Kencana Putra

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to determine the optimum  condition  on extraction process of jackfruit rags pectin. The experiment was designed by Randomized Block Design (RBD within 3 x 3 factorial experiment. The first factorwas pH of solvent consisted of 3 levels: 1.5, 2.5, and 3,5. The second factor was ratio of jackfruit rags to solvent, con-sisted of 3 levels: 1:5, 1:6 and 1:7. Results repealed that the solvent pH effected significantly yield, total ash, equivalentweigh and anhydrogalacturonic acid content of pectin produced. The optimum conditions for jackfruit rags pectin extraction were: the pH of extracting solvent was 1.5, and the ratio of jackfruit rags to solvent was 1:5. Those condi- tions gave the yield of 4.45 %, produced pectin having total ash (2.82 %, equivalent  weigh (3,022.24 g/eqi, methoxylcontent (8.16 %, and anhydrogalacturonic acid content (88.01 %. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kondisi optimal pada proses ekstraksi pektin dami buah nangka. Rancanganpenelitian  yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak �elompok (RA� dengan pola percobaan faktorial  3 x 3. Faktorpertama adalah pH cairan pengekstrak yang terdiri dari 3 taraf: pH 1,5; 2,5 dan 3,5. Faktor kedua adalah perbandingandami buah nangka dengan cairan pengekstrak yang terdiri dari 3 taraf: 1:5, 1:6 dan 1:7. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pH cairan pengekstrak berpengaruh nyata terhadap rendemen, kadar abu, berat ekivalen dan kadar asam anhidrogalak- turonat. Kondisi optimal untuk ekstraksi pektin dami buah nangka adalah: cairan pengekstrak pH 1,5, dengan perband- ingan dami nangka dan cairan pengekstrak 1:5. Kondisi ini menghasilkan rendemen 4,54 %, serta pektin dengan kara- kteristik: kadar abu 2,82 %, berat ekivalen 3.022,24 g/eki, kadar metoksil 8,16 % dan kadar asam anhidrogalakturonat88,01 %.

  5. valiação de algumas propriedades físico-químicas, antioxidantes e sensoriais de iogurte elaborado com polpa de noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) e acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

    OpenAIRE

    Moura, Andrezza Assis Cruz

    2014-01-01

    A inovação na elaboração de produtos é uma finalidade constante na indústria de alimentos, visando agregar atributos de qualidade diferencial. Por isso, o desenvolvimento de novos sabores de iogurtes de frutas tende a ser bem recebido pelos consumidores do produto, ainda mais se possuírem alguma propriedade antioxidante. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar algumas propriedades físico-químicas, antioxidantes e sensoriais de iogurte elaborado com polpa de noni (Morinda citr...

  6. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Alginat dan CaCl2 terhadap Kadar Antosianin, Aktivitas Antioksidan, dan Karakteristik Sensoris Buah Duwet (Syzygium cumini Linn Restrukturisasi (Effect of Alginate and CaCl2 Concentrations on Anthocyanin Content, Antioxidant Activity, and Sensory Characteristics of Restructured Java Plum Fruit (Syzygium cumini Linn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Ninan Lestario

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Restructuration is one of the ways for processing fresh fruit without heating, so the nutritional value of fruit can be maintained. This method has been applied to several types of tropical fruits but has never been applied to java plum fruit, while it has high antioxidant activity but has a short shelf life. The aim of this research was to produce the best formulation to make restructured java plum fruit. Fresh java plum fruit puree was mixed with several concentrations of calcium alginate (1 %, 2 %, 3 %, and 4 % and CaCl2 (0.75 %; 1 %. Restructured fruit products were evaluated for total anthocyanin content, antioxidant activity, texture, pH, and sensory properties. The result of this research showed that 1 % alginate and 1 % CaCl2 gave restructured java plum fruit with the highest anthocyanin content 171.61 mg/100g (DW and highest antioxidant activity 75.79 %. The overall organoleptic test with 20 panelists showed that restructured fruit with alginate 1 % and CaCl2 1 % or 0.75 % resulted the highest score 3.75.   ABSTRAK Restrukturisasi merupakan salah satu cara pengolahan buah segar tanpa pemanasan sehingga nilai gizi buah dapat dipertahankan. Metode ini sudah diteliti pada beberapa jenis buah tropis tetapi belum pernah dilakukan terhadap buah duwet, padahal buah duwet memiliki aktivitas antioksidan tinggi tetapi memiliki daya simpan rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan formulasi terbaik pada pembuatan restrukturisasi buah duwet. Bubur buah duwet segar dicampur dengan berbagai konsentrasi alginat (1 %, 2 %, 3 %, dan 4 % dan CaCl2 (0,75 %; 1 %. Produk buah hasil restrukturisasi diukur kandungan antosianin total, aktivitas antioksidan, tekstur, pH, dan sifat-sifat sensorisnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa alginat 1% dan CaCl2 1% memiliki kandungan antosianin tertinggi yaitu 171,61 mg/100g (BK dan aktivitas antioksidan tertinggi yaitu 75,79 %. Uji organoleptik dengan 20 panelis menunjukkan bahwa produk restrukturisasi buah

  7. Prebiotic Effect of Fructooligosaccharides from Morinda officinalis on Alzheimer’s Disease in Rodent Models by Targeting the Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diling Chen

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Gut microbiota influences the central nervous system disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD. The prebiotics and probiotics can improve the host cognition. A previous study demonstrated that fructooligosaccharides from Morinda officinalis (OMO exert effective memory improvements in AD-like animals, thereby considered as potential prebiotics; however, the underlying mechanism still remains enigma. Thus, the present study investigated whether OMO is effective in alleviating AD by targeting the microbiota-gut-brain axis. OMO was administered in rats with AD-like symptoms (D-galactose- and Aβ1-42-induced deficient rats. Significant and systematic deterioration in AD-like animals were identified, including learning and memory abilities, histological changes, production of cytokines, and microbial community shifts. Behavioral experiments demonstrated that OMO administration can ameliorate the learning and memory abilities in both AD-like animals significantly. AD parameters showed that OMO administration cannot only improve oxidative stress and inflammation disorder, but also regulate the synthesis and secretion of neurotransmitter. Histological changes indicated that OMO administration ameliorates the swelling of brain tissues, neuronal apoptosis, and down-regulation of the expression of AD intracellular markers (Tau and Aβ1-42. 16S rRNA sequencing of gut microbiota indicated that OMO administration maintains the diversity and stability of the microbial community. In addition, OMO regulated the composition and metabolism of gut microbiota in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD mice model treated by overdosed antibiotics and thus showed the prebiotic potential. Moreover, gut microbiota plays a major role in neurodevelopment, leading to alterations in gene expression in critical brain and intestinal regions, thereby resulting in perturbation to the programming of normal cognitive behaviors. Taken together, our findings suggest that the therapeutic

  8. Noni (Morinda citrifolia) Modulates the Hypothalamic Expression of Stress- and Metabolic-Related Genes in Broilers Exposed to Acute Heat Stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajaei-Sharifabadi, Hossein; Ellestad, Laura; Porter, Tom; Donoghue, Annie; Bottje, Walter G; Dridi, Sami

    2017-01-01

    Heat stress (HS) adversely affects growth performance and inflicts heavy economic losses to the poultry industry. There is, therefore, a critical need to identify new alternative strategies to alleviate the negative effects induced by HS. The tropic medicinal plant, Morinda citrifolia (Noni), is being used in livestock nutrition, however the literature is limited and conflicting for its impact on growth performance. The present study aimed to determine the effect of Noni on feeding and drinking behavior as well as on the hypothalamic expression of stress- and metabolic-related genes in broiler chickens exposed to acute HS. A total of 480 1 day-old male broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 12 controlled environmental chambers. Birds were subjected to two environmental conditions (TN, 25°C vs. HS, 35°C for 2 h) and fed two diets (control vs. 0.2% Noni) in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Feed intake and core body temperature (BT) were recorded during HS period. Blood was collected and hypothalamic tissues were harvested for target gene and protein analyses. Acute HS-broilers exhibited higher BT (~1°C), spent less time eating with a significant decrease in feed intake, and spent more time drinking along with higher drinking frequency compared to those maintained under TN conditions. Although Noni supplementation did not improve feed intake, it significantly delayed (~30 min) and reduced the BT-induced by HS. At molecular levels and under HS conditions, Noni supplementation down regulated the hypothalamic expression of HSP90 and its related transcription factors HSF1, 2, and 4, increased orexin mRNA levels, and decreased the phosphorylation levels of AMPKα1/2 Thr172 and mTOR Ser2481 . Together, these data indicated that Noni supplementation might modulate HS response in broilers through central orexin-AMPK-mTOR pathways.

  9. Noni (Morinda citrifolia Modulates the Hypothalamic Expression of Stress- and Metabolic-Related Genes in Broilers Exposed to Acute Heat Stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Rajaei-Sharifabadi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Heat stress (HS adversely affects growth performance and inflicts heavy economic losses to the poultry industry. There is, therefore, a critical need to identify new alternative strategies to alleviate the negative effects induced by HS. The tropic medicinal plant, Morinda citrifolia (Noni, is being used in livestock nutrition, however the literature is limited and conflicting for its impact on growth performance. The present study aimed to determine the effect of Noni on feeding and drinking behavior as well as on the hypothalamic expression of stress- and metabolic-related genes in broiler chickens exposed to acute HS. A total of 480 1 day-old male broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 12 controlled environmental chambers. Birds were subjected to two environmental conditions (TN, 25°C vs. HS, 35°C for 2 h and fed two diets (control vs. 0.2% Noni in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Feed intake and core body temperature (BT were recorded during HS period. Blood was collected and hypothalamic tissues were harvested for target gene and protein analyses. Acute HS-broilers exhibited higher BT (~1°C, spent less time eating with a significant decrease in feed intake, and spent more time drinking along with higher drinking frequency compared to those maintained under TN conditions. Although Noni supplementation did not improve feed intake, it significantly delayed (~30 min and reduced the BT-induced by HS. At molecular levels and under HS conditions, Noni supplementation down regulated the hypothalamic expression of HSP90 and its related transcription factors HSF1, 2, and 4, increased orexin mRNA levels, and decreased the phosphorylation levels of AMPKα1/2Thr172 and mTORSer2481. Together, these data indicated that Noni supplementation might modulate HS response in broilers through central orexin-AMPK-mTOR pathways.

  10. Consumption of guava (Psidium guajava L) and noni (Morinda citrifolia L) may protect betel quid-chewing Papua New Guineans against diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen, Patrick L; Martineau, Louis C; Caves, Dayna; Haddad, Pierre S; Matainaho, Teatulohi; Johns, Timothy

    2008-01-01

    Rapid increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes (DM2) in Papua New Guinea, coupled with compelling epidemiological evidence supporting a diabetogenic association with betel quid (BQ) chewing has lead us to investigate dietary strategies that might offer protection from developing DM2. We investigated the dietary habits of Kalo residents from coastal Central Province who are avid BQ chewers yet have a relatively low incidence of DM2 compared to the ethnically similar and adjacent Wanigelans who abstain from BQ yet have an unusually high incidence of DM2. In Kalo, guava bud (Psidium guajava L) and noni (Morinda citrifolia L) were consumed much more frequently than in Wanigela, whereas the inverse was observed for mangrove bean (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L) Lam.). These plants, along with BQ and its component ingredients areca nut (Areca catechu L) and Piper betle L inflorescence, were assessed for their ability to mediate insulin-dependent and insulin-independent glucose transport in cultured 3T3-L1 adipocytes. A dose-dependent inhibition of glucose uptake from methanolic extracts of BQ, areca nut and P. betle inflorescence supports previous reports of prodiabetic activity. Conversely, guava bud extract displayed significant insulin-mimetic and potentiating activity. Noni fruit, noni leaf, commercial noni juice and mangrove bean all displayed insulin-like activity but had little or no effect on insulin action. Habitual intake of guava and noni is proposed to offer better protection against DM2 development and/or betel quid diabetogenicity than cooked mangrove bean. These findings provide empirical support that DM2 risk reduction can be accomplished using traditional foods and medicines.

  11. Prebiotic Effect of Fructooligosaccharides from Morinda officinalis on Alzheimer’s Disease in Rodent Models by Targeting the Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Diling; Yang, Xin; Yang, Jian; Lai, Guoxiao; Yong, Tianqiao; Tang, Xiaocui; Shuai, Ou; Zhou, Gailian; Xie, Yizhen; Wu, Qingping

    2017-01-01

    Gut microbiota influences the central nervous system disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The prebiotics and probiotics can improve the host cognition. A previous study demonstrated that fructooligosaccharides from Morinda officinalis (OMO) exert effective memory improvements in AD-like animals, thereby considered as potential prebiotics; however, the underlying mechanism still remains enigma. Thus, the present study investigated whether OMO is effective in alleviating AD by targeting the microbiota-gut-brain axis. OMO was administered in rats with AD-like symptoms (D-galactose- and Aβ1-42-induced deficient rats). Significant and systematic deterioration in AD-like animals were identified, including learning and memory abilities, histological changes, production of cytokines, and microbial community shifts. Behavioral experiments demonstrated that OMO administration can ameliorate the learning and memory abilities in both AD-like animals significantly. AD parameters showed that OMO administration cannot only improve oxidative stress and inflammation disorder, but also regulate the synthesis and secretion of neurotransmitter. Histological changes indicated that OMO administration ameliorates the swelling of brain tissues, neuronal apoptosis, and down-regulation of the expression of AD intracellular markers (Tau and Aβ1-42). 16S rRNA sequencing of gut microbiota indicated that OMO administration maintains the diversity and stability of the microbial community. In addition, OMO regulated the composition and metabolism of gut microbiota in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) mice model treated by overdosed antibiotics and thus showed the prebiotic potential. Moreover, gut microbiota plays a major role in neurodevelopment, leading to alterations in gene expression in critical brain and intestinal regions, thereby resulting in perturbation to the programming of normal cognitive behaviors. Taken together, our findings suggest that the therapeutic effect of the

  12. Prebiotic Effect of Fructooligosaccharides fromMorinda officinalison Alzheimer's Disease in Rodent Models by Targeting the Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Diling; Yang, Xin; Yang, Jian; Lai, Guoxiao; Yong, Tianqiao; Tang, Xiaocui; Shuai, Ou; Zhou, Gailian; Xie, Yizhen; Wu, Qingping

    2017-01-01

    Gut microbiota influences the central nervous system disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). The prebiotics and probiotics can improve the host cognition. A previous study demonstrated that fructooligosaccharides from Morinda officinalis (OMO) exert effective memory improvements in AD-like animals, thereby considered as potential prebiotics; however, the underlying mechanism still remains enigma. Thus, the present study investigated whether OMO is effective in alleviating AD by targeting the microbiota-gut-brain axis. OMO was administered in rats with AD-like symptoms (D-galactose- and Aβ 1-42 -induced deficient rats). Significant and systematic deterioration in AD-like animals were identified, including learning and memory abilities, histological changes, production of cytokines, and microbial community shifts. Behavioral experiments demonstrated that OMO administration can ameliorate the learning and memory abilities in both AD-like animals significantly. AD parameters showed that OMO administration cannot only improve oxidative stress and inflammation disorder, but also regulate the synthesis and secretion of neurotransmitter. Histological changes indicated that OMO administration ameliorates the swelling of brain tissues, neuronal apoptosis, and down-regulation of the expression of AD intracellular markers (Tau and Aβ 1-42 ). 16S rRNA sequencing of gut microbiota indicated that OMO administration maintains the diversity and stability of the microbial community. In addition, OMO regulated the composition and metabolism of gut microbiota in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) mice model treated by overdosed antibiotics and thus showed the prebiotic potential. Moreover, gut microbiota plays a major role in neurodevelopment, leading to alterations in gene expression in critical brain and intestinal regions, thereby resulting in perturbation to the programming of normal cognitive behaviors. Taken together, our findings suggest that the therapeutic effect of the

  13. Phytochemicals in Morinda citrifolia fruit selectively modulate age-associated immunity and antioxidant enzyme activities through ERK pathway in splenic lymphocytes of male F344 rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratap, Uday P; Anand, Krithika; Yasmine, Fariya; Hima, Lalgi; Priyanka, Hannah P; Thyagarajan, Srinivasan

    2016-01-01

    The mechanisms of immunomodulatory effects of Morinda citrifolia (Noni) were examined through intracellular signaling pathways in the splenocytes and their modulation by phytochemicals using bioinformatics tools. Noni fruit juices without seeds (NSL) and with seeds (NWS) were co-incubated in vitro with splenocytes from young, middle-aged and old F344 male rats and proliferation of lymphocytes, cytokine production, antioxidant enzyme activities and intracellular signaling markers were measured. NSL decreased lymphoproliferation in early middle-aged rats, and IL-2 and IFN-γ production in old rats. In contrast, NWS enhanced lymphoproliferation in young and old rats, IL-2 and IFN-γ production in middle-aged and old rats. The activities of antioxidant enzymes were augmented by NWS and NSL in old rats. NWS reversed age-related increase in lipid peroxidation in all age-groups, while NSL increased lipid peroxidation in old rats. NSL increased p-ERK in old rats and decreased p-CREB in young and middle-aged rats. In contrast, NWS decreased p-ERK in all age groups and increased p-CREB in old rats. Both NSL and NWS increased p-Akt expression in middle-aged and old rats. Both NSL and NWS suppressed p-NF-κB expression in middle-aged and old rats. Docking studies demonstrated that Noni phytochemicals, damnacanthal, myricetin and ursolic acid, are potent inhibitors of ERK with binding sites in the catalytic and phosphorylation sites of the molecule. These results suggest that Noni fruit juices with or without seeds modulate cell-mediated immunity and antioxidant enzyme activities based on the phytochemicals that may differentially influence cell signaling and therefore, age-associated immunity.

  14. PEMANFAATAN MINYAK BUAH MERAH, Pandanus conoideus Lam DAN CAROPHYLL PINK DALAM RANSUM PAKAN YUWANA IKAN KAKAP MERAH, Lutjanus sebae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titiek Aslianti

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Ikan kakap merah, Lutjanus sebae termasuk komoditas budidaya yang banyak diminati konsumen. Kualitas benih untuk pembesaran selain ditentukan dari ukuran dan performansi fisik, juga berdasarkan warna ikan. Dalam penelitian ini telah dilakukan 4 perlakuan pakan yang diperkaya dengan Minyak Buah Merah (MBM dan Carophyll Pink (CP yaitu: (A 10 mL MBM/kg pakan; (B 10 mL MBM+1,4 g CP/kg pakan; (C 1,4 g CP/kg pakan, dan (D Kontrol. Hewan uji adalah yuwana kakap merah dengan rata-rata panjang dan bobot tubuh awal 11,32±0,76 cm dan 37,56±7,22 g. Ikan ditempatkan dalam bak fiber kapasitas 5 m3 dengan kepadatan 200 ekor/bak dan diberi pakan 2 kali sehari secara ad libitum serta dipelihara selama 2 bulan dengan pergantian air 200%-300%/hari. Kualitas yuwana diamati pada akhir penelitian melalui pengukuran panjang dan bobot tubuh, sedangkan performansi warna diamati dengan kamera digital dan dianalisis secara diskriptif menggunakan Microsoft Adobe Photoshop 8. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa MBM dan CP dapat dimanfaatkan dalam ransum pakan guna meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan performansi warna yuwana kakap merah. Pakan yang mengandung 10 mL MBM+1,4 g CP menghasilkan sintasan 94%, kenaikan pertumbuhan panjang dan bobot mutlak 58,92% dan 281%, konversi pakan 0,82 serta performansi yuwana berwarna merah cerah dengan nilai persentase rata-rata sebesar 89,58%±0,07%. Red emperor snapper, Lutjanus sebae is one of high demanded cultured fishes. The quality of seeds does not only depend on size and performance of fish, but also depends on fish color. A feeding experiment was conducted during two-months period by adding red fruit oil (RFO and carophyll pink (CP to every kilogram of pellet fed as the treatment i.e. (A 10 mL RFO/kg feed; (B 10 mL RFO+1.4 g CP/kg feed; (C 1.4 g CP /kg feed and (D Control. Two hundred seeds with initial total length of 11.32±0.76 cm and 37.56±7.22 g of body weight were stocked in a fiber glass tank of 5 m3. Feeding frequency was

  15. EFEK PEMBERIAN BUAH JAMBU BIJI MERAH TERHADAP PRODUKSI SCFA DAN KOLESTEROL DALAM CAECUM TIKUS HIPERKOLESTEROLEMIA The Effect of Red Guava Fruits Supplementation on The SCFA and Cholesterol Production in Caecum of Hypercholesterolemic Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugeng Maryanto

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Red guava fruit has high soluble fiber (pectin and vitamin C content. Soluble fiber has a hypocholesterolemic effect. The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of red guava fuits supplementation on the SCFA (short chain fatty acid production and cholesterol content in caecum, to explain the mechanism of red guava on the blood cholesterol reduction. The study was a randomized pre test-post test control group design on the hypercholesterolemic Sprague Dawley rats given a high-cholesterol feed. Rats were divided into 4 groups, receiving normal feed, hypercholesterol feed only, hypercholesterol feed + 0,72 g of red guava flour and hypercholesterol feed + 0,26 g pectin equal to that in red guava flour. Caecum digestion products beeing examined were SCFA (short chain fatty acids analysed by gas chromatography and cholesterol by Liebermann-Burchard method using a spectrophotometer. Data were analysed with 95% of level confidence one way Anova. The high SCFA and cholesterol concentrations in the rats caecum were found on the red guava supplementation groups and was significantly different from pectin suplemented group. The concentrations of acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, and caecum cholesterol were 18.9 mg/g, 7.8 mg/g, 2.4 mg/g, and 0.54 mg/g, compared to with pectin were 19.3 %M, 21.4 %M, 19.7 %M and 0.46 mg/g, respectively. The propionic acid caecum production and cholesterol excretion shown that to lower serum cholesterol. Red guava supplementation produced propionic acid and high cholesterol excretion as found in the caecum. Keywords: Pectin, red guava, SCFA, cholesterol excretion ABSTRAK Buah jambu biji merah memiliki kandungan serat khususnya serat larut air (pektin yang tinggi. Serat larut air di dalam tubuh bersifat hipokolesterolemik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek pemberian buah jambu biji merah terhadap produksi SCFA (short chain fatty acid dan kolesterol digesta caecum serta mengkaji mekanisme penurunan

  16. N-butanol extracts of Morinda citrifolia suppress advanced glycation end products (AGE)-induced inflammatory reactions in endothelial cells through its anti-oxidative properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishibashi, Yuji; Matsui, Takanori; Isami, Fumiyuki; Abe, Yumi; Sakaguchi, Tatsuya; Higashimoto, Yuichiro; Yamagishi, Sho-Ichi

    2017-03-04

    Advanced glycation end products (AGEs), senescent macroprotein derivatives formed during a normal aging process and acceleratedly under diabetic conditions, play a role in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. AGEs cause endothelial cell (EC) damage, an initial trigger for atherosclerosis through the interaction with a receptor for AGEs (RAGE). We have previously shown that n-butanol extracts of Morinda citrifolia (noni), a plant belonging to the family Rubiaceae, block the binding of AGEs to RAGE in vitro. In this study, we examined the effects of n-butanol extracts of noni on reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and inflammatory reactions on AGE-exposed human umbilical vein ECs (HUVECs). HUVECs were treated with 100 μg/ml AGE-bovine serum albumin (AGE-BSA) or non-glycated BSA in the presence or absence of 670 ng/ml n-butanol extracts of noni for 4 h. Then ROS generation and inflammatory and gene expression in HUVECs were evaluated by dihydroethidium staining and real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analyses, respectively. THP-1 cell adhesion to HUVECs was measured after 2-day incubation of AGE-BSA or BSA in the presence or absence of 670 ng/ml n-butanol extracts of noni. N-butanol extracts of noni at 670 ng/ml significantly inhibited the AGE-induced ROS generation and RAGE, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 gene expressions in HUVECs. AGEs significantly increased monocytic THP-1 cell adhesion to HUVECs, which was also prevented by 670 ng/ml n-butanol extracts of noni. The present study demonstrated for the first time that N-butanol extracts of noni could suppress the AGE-induced inflammatory reactions in HUVECs through its anti-oxidative properties via blocking of the interaction of AGEs with RAGE. Inhibition of the AGE-RAGE axis by n-butanol extracts of noni may be a novel nutraceutical strategy for the treatment of cardiovascular disease.

  17. Penggunaan Ekstrak Kasar Polisakarida Larut Air dari Biji Buah Durian (Durio zibethinus Murr. pada Pembuatan Saos Tomat (The Use of Crude Extract Water Soluble Polysaccharide from Durian (Durio Zibethinus Muur. Seeds in Tomato Sauce Processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herlina Herlina

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Tomato sauce is one of the diversification of tomato products that could increase the added value and shelf life of tomatoes. Sauce made from tomato has a high water content (94 % resulting a watery sauce product. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of crude extract Water Soluble Polysaccharide (WSP from durian seeds on physical, chemical, and organoleptic as characteristics oftomato sauce. The use of crude extract WSP from durian seeds is expected to increase the viscosity of the sauce. The experimental design used in this study was a non factorial randomized complete block design with three replications. Parameters measured were viscosity, color (Hue and Chroma, total dissolved solids, pH, vitamin C, and organoleptic (panelist preferences in addition to the effectiveness test to determine the best treatment. The results show that the tomato sauce composition significantly affect the viscosity, pH, color intensity, and total dissolved solids, while no significant effect on the angle of color and vitamin C of tomato sauce. The effectiveness test showed that the panelists preferred the P4 tomato sauce (use crude extract WSP from seeds fruit of durian 0.8 % with fondness value  color of 2.68; aroma of 3.08; flavor of 3.48; viscosity of 3.44; overall liking of 3.56. The value of viscosity, hue, chroma, total dissolved solids, pH, vitamin C were 39.64 centipoise; 38,34°; 20.16; 35° Brix; 4.92; and 4.95 mg/g, respectively.   ABSTRAK Saos tomat merupakan salah satu diversifikasi produk olahan buah tomat yang dapat meningkatkan nilai tambah dan umur simpan buah tomat. Saos yang berbahan dasar tomat, memiliki kandungan air yang tinggi (94 % sehingga menghasilkan saos yang encer. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan ekstrak kasar Polisakarida Larut Air (PLA dari biji buah durian terhadap sifat fisiko kimia dan organoleptik saos tomat. Penggunaan ekstrak kasar PLA dari biji buah durian diharapkan dapat

  18. Aplikasi Semikonduktor TiO2 dengan Variasi Temperatur dan Waktu Tahan Kalsinasi sebagai Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC dengan Dye dari Ekstrak Buah Terung Belanda (Solanum betaceum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maula Nafi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian mengenai dye sensitized solar cell dilakukan dengan dye dari ekstrak buah terung belanda sebagai sumber energi alternatif dari tenaga surya. Dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC dibuat dengan menggunakan semikonduktor TiO2 yang dilapiskan pada kaca konduktif Fluorine Doped Tin Oxide (FTO dan dikalsinasi  dengan variasi temperatur 5500C, 6500C, dan 7500C, dengan waktu tahan 60 dan 120 menit pada tiap temperaturnya. Lapisan TiO2 pada substrat dikarakterisasi dengan menggunakan SEM dan XRD. Luas permukaan aktif diukur dengan pengujian BET. Hasil SEM menunjukkan ukuran bentuk partikel TiO2 berupa sphere. Hasil XRD menunjukkan struktur kristal TiO2 adalah body centered tetragonal. Luas permukaan aktif dibandingkan dengan hasil kelistrikan DSSC, yang selaras meningkat dari temperatur 5500C ke 6500C, namun menurun pada 7500C. Densitas arus dan voltase maksimum diperoleh pada variasi temperatur 650oC dengan waktu tahan 60 menit yaitu sebesar 0,356 mA/cm2 dan 593,1 mV. Efisiensi maksimum yang diperoleh sebesar 0,469208%. DSSC dimodifikasi dengan menambahkan pembungkus plastik, sehingga dapat memperlambat penurunan daya yang terjadi saat DSSC bekerja.

  19. Comparative evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of natural extracts of Morinda citrifolia, papain and aloe vera (all in gel formulation), 2% chlorhexidine gel and calcium hydroxide, against Enterococcus faecalis: An in vitro study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhardwaj, Anuj; Ballal, Suma; Velmurugan, Natanasabapathy

    2012-01-01

    Aim: A comparative evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of natural extracts of Morinda citrifolia, papain, and aloe vera (all in gel formulations), 2% chlorhexidine gel and calcium hydroxide, against Enterococcus faecalis—an in vitro study. Materials and Methods: The antimicrobial efficacy was assessed in vitro using dentin shavings collected at 2 depths of 200 and 400 μm. The total colony forming units at the end of 1, 3, and 5 days were assessed. Results: The overall percentage inhibition of bacterial growth (200 and 400 μm depth) was 100% with chlorhexidine gel. This was followed by M. citrifolia gel (86.02%), which showed better antimicrobial efficacy as compared with aloe vera gel (78.9%), papain gel (67.3%), and calcium hydroxide (64.3%). There was no statistical difference between data at 200 and 400 μm depth. Conclusion: Chlorhexidine gel showed the maximum antimicrobial activity against E. faecalis, whereas calcium hydroxide showed the least. Among the natural intracanal medicaments, M. citrifolia gel consistently exhibited good inhibition up to the 5th day followed by aloe vera gel and papain gel. PMID:22876022

  20. PENERAPAN PULSED ELECTRIC FIELD PADA PASTEURISASI SARI BUAH APEL VARIETAS ANA: KAJIAN KARAKTERISTIK NILAI GIZI, SIFAT FISIK, SIFAT KIMIAWI DAN MIKROBIA TOTAL Application of Pulsed Electric Field in Pasteurization of Apple Juice of Ana Cultivar : Study on

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    La Choviya Hawa

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Apple juice, extracted from apple of ana cultivar , was pasteurized using a pulsed electric field (PEF method. The aimof this research was to analyze the changes on nutritional, physical and chemical properties and total microbes from apple juice after pasteurization. The research was conducted from July until Oktober 2009 located in Malang. The PEF treatment was carried out using treatment time variation for 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 seconds. Several parameters of vitamin A and C, water content, density, pH, total soluable solid and total microbes were observed. The results showed that PEF treatment did not significantly change nutritional, physical and chemical properties and total microbes after pasteurization with PEF in compared with no treatment pasteurization. The highest degradation was found in treatment time for 60 seconds, i.e. 93.53 %. ABSTRAK Sari buah apel, yang diekstrak dari apel varietas ana, dipasteurisasi dengan metode pulsed electric field (PEF. Tujuanpenelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perubahan karakteristik nilai gizi, sifat fisik, kimiawi dan total mikrobia sari buah apel sesudah dipasteurisasi. Penelitian dilaksanakan bulan Juli sampai dengan Oktober 2009 di Malang. Penelitian ini menggunakan variasi waktu pengolahan 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 dan 60 detik. Parameter pengamatan yaitu vitamin A dan C, kadar air, berat jenis, pH, total padatan terlarut dan total mikrobia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai gizi, sifat fisik dan kimiawi dari sari apel  tidak mengalami perubahan signifikan dibandingkan sari apel tanpa perlakuan PEF. Penurunan total mikrobia terbesar pada waktu perlakuan 60 detik dengan efektivitas pembunuhan sebesar 93,53%.

  1. PENGGUNAAN BAHAN PENGISI DALAM PERBAIKAN SIFAT FISIKOKIMIA DAN ORGANOLEPTIK DODOL BUAH MERAH (Pandanus conoideus L SEBAGAI SUMBER β-KAROTEN The Use of Filler on Enhancing Physicochemical and Organoleptic Properties of Redfruit Dodol as A Source of Β-Car

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    Murtiningrum Murtiningrum

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The main problem in preparation of redfruit dodol is the soft texture of dodol. In the research, preparation of red fruit dodol was done by adding different flours (wheat, rice and tapioca to the total weight of glutinous flour and redfruit paste, as much as 15 % by weight. The preferences of panelists and physicochemical properties tests were done on the redfruit dodol product. The result indicated that the best formulation was the red fruit dodol with tapioca. The panelist preference scores of colour, flavor, odor and texture of the best dodol formulation were fairly like (5.40, fairly like (5.05, like (6.05 and fairly like (5.70 respectively. The physical properties of dodol including hardness, sticky and elasticity level were 951.43 gf, 216.68 gf and 0.35 % respectively. The dodol contained moisture 37.86 %, total solid62.14 with water availibility (a 0.83 and β-carotene 1.02 ppm. ABSTRAK Permasalahan utama dalam pembuatan dodol buah merah, yaitu teksturnya lembek dan lunak. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan penambahan jenis tepung yang berbeda, yaitu tepung terigu, beras dan tapioka sebanyak 15 % (b/b dari berat tepung ketan dan pasta buah merah. Dodol yang dihasilkan dilakukan pengamatan sifat fisikokimia dan ting- kat penerimaan panelis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dodol formula terbaik berdasarkan sifat organoleptik dan fisikokimia adalah dodol dengan penambahan tapioka. Dodol tersebut memiliki sifat organoleptik dengan skor kesukaan warna agak suka (5,40, rasa agak suka (5,05, aroma suka (6,05 dan tekstur agak suka (5,70, sifat fisik kekerasan dan kelengketan masing-masing 951,43 dan 216,68 gf, serta kekenyalan 0,35 %,  juga memiliki sifat kimiadengan mengandung air dan total padatan masing-masing 37,86 % dan 62,14 % dengan tingkat ketersediaan air (a 0,83 dan kandungan β-karoten 1,02 ppm.

  2. KOMUNIKASI PENDEK*GAMBARAN MORFOLOGI BUAH/BIJI PERUD PUSPA (Balanophora Fungosa J.R. & G. Forst. Ssp. Indica (Arn.) B. Hansen Var. Globosa (Jungh.) B. Hansen)*[Fruit/seed Morphology of Balanophora Fungosa J.R. & G. Forst. Ssp. Indica (Arn.) B. Hansen Var.

    OpenAIRE

    Sunaryo, Sunaryo

    1999-01-01

    Perud puspa merupakan tumbuhan berumah dua.Organ generatifhya berupa bunga majemuk, tersusun dalam suatu karangan berbentuk bongkol, yang mencapai panjang karangan ± 5 cm. Bunga betina per karangan berjumlah sangat banyak, mengalami reduksi pada bagian-bagian bunganya, sehingga hanya menyisakan suatu struktur bakal buah berbentuk gada yang tidak memiliki perhiasan bunga (non perianth). Bunga jantan tidak dikenal hingga sekarang, diduga bahwa jenis ini mengadakan pembuahan melalui proses parte...

  3. Efek ekstrak buah delima (Punica Granatum L terhadap ekspresi wild p53 pada sel ganas rongga mulut mencit strain swiss webster

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    Sri Hernawati

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common cancer in the oral cavity. DNA tests showed that almost 90% of cases revealed wild p53 gene mutations. Wild p53 gene mutations cause p53 inactivation so the cell cycle does not stop in G1 phase but continues to S phase and G2 and M, it makes the mutated DNA remains multiplied and apoptosis does not occur. One candidate of the cancer treatment alternatives is pomegranate extract (Punica granatum L – PGL. Purpose: The purpose of study was to examine the effect of PGL on wild p53 expression in oral cavity malignant cell of swiss webster strain mice. Methods: Thirty- two swiss webster strain mice (Balb/c 5 months old were randomly divided into four groups. Two control groups (K0: no benzopirene exposed and untreated; K1: benzopirene exposed and untreated; and 2 treatment groups (P1: benzopirene exposed and given EA; P2: benzopirene exposed and given PGL extract. The expression of wild p53 was determined by immunohistochemical techniques. Results: The results showed that administration of PGL could increase the expression of wild p53 in malignant epithelial cells in the oral mucosa of mice, and the expression was higher than EA. Conclusion: This study suggested that the PGL extract could express wild p53 in the oral cavity malignant cells of swiss Webster strains mice.Latar belakang: Karsinoma sel skuamosa merupakan kanker yang sering terjadi pada rongga mulut. Pemeriksaan DNA menunjukkan hampir 90% kasus dijumpai adanya mutasi gen wild p53. Mutasi gen wild p53 menyebabkan inaktivasi wild p53 sehingga siklus sel tidak berhenti pada fase G1 tetapi berlanjut ke fase S dan G2 dan M, sehingga DNA yang mengalami mutasi tetap dilipatgandakan dan apoptosis tidak terjadi. Salah satu kandidat obat kanker adalah ekstrak buah delima (Punica Granatum L - PGL. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti efek ekstrak PGL terhadap ekspresi wild p53 pada sel ganas rongga mulut mencit strain swiss webster

  4. KADAR DAN IDENTIFIKASI SENYAWA POLIFENOL PADA WINE TERBUAT DARI CAMPURAN BUAH EKSTRAK DELIMA DAN PISANG (THE IDENTIFICATION OF POLYPHENOL COMPOUNDS AND ITS CONTENT OF WINE DERIVED FROM MIXED FRUITS OF POMEGRANATE AND BANANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonya Titin Nge

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis research aimed at describing quality and identifies polyphenols of wine made from a mixture of banana and pomegranate fruits. The wines with four different ratios of pomegranate-banana fruits were made (pomegranate: banana: 75:25; 62,5:37,5; 50:50; and 0:100 (control. Ethanol concentrations and taste were used as quality criteria. The ethanol was measured using gas chromatography and the tastes were determined with organoleptic test. HPLC methods were used to measure the total polyphenols and identify their chemical identity. The results of this research was that the ethanol concentration (% varied between treatments (pomegranate: banana extract, %: 10,33 (75:25; 8,62 (62,5:37,5; 4,88 (50:50; and 9,44 (100: 0 and the organoleptic test by 30 panelist resulted in that the mixture of pomegranate:banana of 50:50 (% was prefered most. The result also showed that the total polyphenol varied from 3,902 to 4,897 mg/ml, in which the more the pomegranate extract added the more the total polyphenol present in the wine. Further, HPLC analysis of polyphenol for wine with different combined fruit extracts (75:25; 62,5:37,5; 50:50; and 0:100 resulted in the identification of 41, 42, and 42, and 22 peak respectively. Predominant types of polyphenols in pomegranate extract added wine are galloyl-hexoxide, ferulic acid, chlorogenic acid, gallic acid, caffeic acid, catechin, epicatechin, punicalagin α, β punicalagin, and elagic acid. On the otherhand few polyphenols were present dominantly or exclusively in banana extract added wine: naringenin, quercetin-deoxyhexose, and rutin.ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan kualitas dan mengidentifikasi polifenol yang terkandung di dalam wine yang dibuat dari campuran buah pisang dan delima. Wine dimaksudkan dibuat dalam 4 perlakuan berbeda berdasarkan % ekstrak buah delima: pisang, yakni berturut-turut dalam rasio: 75:25; 62,5:37,5; 50:50; dan 0:100 (kontrol. Konsentrasi etanol dan citarasa

  5. Larvicidal activity of titanium dioxide nanoparticles synthesized using Morinda citrifolia root extract against Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus and its other effect on non-target fish

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    Thodhal Yoganandham Suman

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To assess the larvicidal activity of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO 2NPS synthesized from the root aqueous extract of Morinda citrifolia (M. citrifolia against the larvae of Anopheles stephensi (An. stephensi, Aedes aegypti (Ae. aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Cx. quinquefasciatus. Methods: The M. citrifolia broth solution was prepared by taking 8 g of the powdered root of M. citrifolia in 250 mL Erlenmeyer flask along with 100 mL of distilled water and boiled for 5 min. About 20 mL of M. citrifolia root extract was added into the 80 mL of an aqueous solution of 5 mmol/L TiO(OH2 for the reduction under continuous stirring for 4 h at 50 °C. Synthesized TiO2NPS were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction confirmed the crystalline nature of the nanoparticles. Toxicity studies were carried out against non-target fish species Poecilia reticulata, the most common organism in the habitats of An. stephensi, Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus. Results: The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy for TiO2NPS synthesized by M. citrifolia root extract showed band at 3 426 cm-1, 1 637 cm-1 and 714 cm-1. The 3 426 cm-1 showed O-H stretching due to alcoholic group; 1 637 cm-1 showed N-H bend due to alcoholic group. In particular, the 1 637 cm-1 indicated the presence of H bend bond for 1° for proteins. A peak was observed around 714 cm-1 due to Ti-O-O bond. Field emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy showed the spherical nature of the nanoparticles with a size of 20.46-39.20 nm. The biosynthesized TiO2NPS showed maximum activity against the larvae of An. stephensi, Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus when compared to the aqueous extract of M. citrifolia. Toxicity studies revealed no toxicity towards Poecilia reticulata at LC50 and LC90 doses of TiO 2NPS

  6. Pengaruh Temperatur Kalsinasi pada Kaca FTO yang di-coating ZnO terhadap Efisiensi DSSC (Dye Sensitized Solar Cell yang Menggunakan Dye dari Buah Terung Belanda (Solanum betaceum

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    Akbar Nur Prasetya

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian mengenai dye sensitized solar cell dilakukan dengan dye dari ekstrak buah terung belanda sebagai sumber energi alternatif dari tenaga surya. Dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC dibuat dengan menggunakan semikonduktor ZnO yang dilapiskan pada kaca konduktif Fluorine Doped Tin Oxide (FTO dan dikalsinasi  dengan variasi temperatur 5000C, 5500C, dan 6000C, dengan waktu tahan 30 menit pada tiap temperaturnya. Lapisan ZnO pada substrat dikarakterisasi dengan menggunakan SEM dan XRD. Luas permukaan aktif diukur dengan pengujian BET. Hasil SEM menunjukkan ukuran bentuk partikel ZnO berupa hexagonal. Hasil XRD menunjukkan struktur kristal ZnO adalah Wurthzite. Luas permukaan aktif dibandingkan dengan hasil kelistrikan DSSC, yang selaras meningkat dari temperatur 5000C ke 5500C, namun menurun pada 6000C. Densitas arus dan voltase maksimum diperoleh pada variasi temperatur 550oC yaitu sebesar 0,591 mA/cm2 dan 1140 mV. Efisiensi maksimum yang diperoleh sebesar 0,150%. Karena sampel 550oC memiliki luas permukaan aktif paling besar 146,185 m2/gr.

  7. Tingkat kesukaan lebah madu Apis Mellifera L. terhadap pakan tambahan campuran madu mengkudu

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    Budiaman Budiaman

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Feeding supplementary food containing nony fruit juice was tested on honeybee colonies in honey producing . The aims of this research were (1 to determine the preference level of honeybees to the supplementary food containing honey and nony mixture, (2 to identify the organoleptic properties of the produced honeyessence of nony, (3 to determine fiber content of produced honey-essence of nony, and (4 to identify the colours of honey produced. The design used in the experiment was Latin Square Design. There were four treatments namely each concentration : A (0% as control, B (12,5%, C (25% dan D (37,5% in dilution of supplementary food an amount of 600 grams wich consist of nony fruit juice and water. Each composition of dilution were A (300, 0, 300, B (225, 75, 300, C (150, 150, 300 dan D (75, 225, 300 . Every one replication was done for six days with six day interval. The result were as follows: The higher concentration of nony juice in the food suplement the smaller food were taken. The differences in the olour, the flavour and the taste of the artificial honey didn’ depend on the amount of the food suplement taken honey bees, but depend on nony fruits juice concentration in the honey produced. The higher concentration of nony fruit juice in the artificial honey produced the darken in colour, sour in taste and the weaken in flavour. Feeding with food suplement containing nony juice increases the fiber content in the honey.

  8. RANTAI NILAI PRODUK OLAHAN BUAH MANGGIS

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    Mochamad Aji Narakusuma

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe purposes of this study were to 1 analyze the main problems in value chain of mangosteen product; 2 estimate value added of manggosteen products in BBP Mektan; 3 identify the gap main criteria between the value added and the mangosteen farmers; and 4 determine the mangosteen product priority that can be developed by farmers. The data were analyzed using qualitative and quantitative method such as in depth interview, Hayami value added method, exponential comparison method, and gap analysis. The main problems in value chain of mangosteen product were (A.1 PT IKA was having difficulty to get mangosteen (grade A as the raw material because of the competition with exporters; (A.2 BBP Mektan’s limited machines and the unequal value added information were the main problems at farmers’ level. (B The value added analysis of mangosteen products in BBP Mektan resulted mangosteen extract herbal capsules (IDR 153.723/kg, mangosteen rind powder (IDR 56.144/kg, mangosteen seeds lunkhead (IDR 72.500/kg, and mangosteen cocktail (IDR 18.043/kg. (C The main criteria of the value added gap among farmers is the market certainty (67,87%. (D Mangosteen rind powder is got the highest priority of value added product that can be applied at farmer level because of the abundance of its raw materials, its high value added, its wide potential market, and the simplicity of technology used. Therefore, local government as law and policy maker has a role to make policies regarding mangosteen trade at the regional level.Keywords: exponential comparison method, gap analysis, hayami value added, mangosteen product, value chainABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah 1 menganalisis permasalahan utama terkait rantai nilai produk olahan manggis; 2 melakukan estimasi nilai tambah produk olahan manggis di Balai Besar Pengembangan Mekanisasi Pertanian (BBP Mektan; 3 mengidentifikasi kriteria utama yang menjadi kesenjangan terhadap nilai tambah produk olahan manggis di tingkat petani; 4 menentukan prioritas produk olaha manggis yang dapat dikembangkan di tingkat petani. Data dianalisis secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif  dengan cara interview mendalam, nilai tambah metode Hayami, metode perbandingan eksponensial, dan analisis kesenjangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan permasalahan utama dalam rantai nilai produk olahan manggis yaitu (A.1 Kesulitan dari PT Inti Kiat Alam (PT IKA untuk mendapatkan manggis (grade A sebagai bahan baku produksi karena adanya kompetisi dengan eksportir;  (A.2 permasalahan utama di tingkat petani ialah keterbatasan mesin yang dimiliki oleh BBP Mektan dan belum meratanya informasi nilai tambah. (B Hasil analisis nilai tambah produk olahan manggis di BBP Mektan, kapsul herbal ekstrak manggis (Rp153.723/kg, tepung kulit manggis (IDR 56.144/kg, dodol biji manggis (Rp72.500/kg, dan koktail manggis(Rp18.043/kg. (C Kriteria utama yang menjadi kesenjangan terhadap nilai tambah di tingkat petani ialah kepastian pasar (67,87%.  (D Tepung kulit manggis menjadi prioritas utama sebagai nilai tambah yang dapat dikembangkan di tingkat petani disebabkan kondisi bahan baku yang melimpah, nilai tambah yang tinggi, potensi pasar yang luas, dan kesederhanaan adopsi teknologi yang digunakan. Oleh karena itu, Peran pemerintah daerah sebagai pemangku kebijakan dan hukum perlu membuat peraturan yang jelas mengenai perdagangan manggis di tingkat daerah. Kata kunci: analisis kesenjangan, nilai tambah Hayami, metode perbandingan eksponensial, produk olahan manggis, rantai nilai

  9. PENGARUH ZPT TERHADAP KUALITAS BUAH MANGGIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Juanasri

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this experiment was to examine the influence of polyamine, gibberelline and harvesting times to inhibit ripening process and to maintain postharvest quality on mangosteen. The method applied was randomized block design with two factors and three replications. First factor was harvesting time consisting of 14, 15 and 15 weeks after anthesis. Second factor is chemical concentration consisting of control (aquadest, GA3 (150, 200, 250 mg/l, polyamine (0,3; 1 and 3 mM. The result showed that spermidine application at 1 mM was more effective to maintain the postharvest quality of mangosteen, the fruit remained soft and the climacteric peak was longer than that of control. Gibberelline application showed unsightly result compared to control. Mangosteen fruits with harvesting time of 15 and 16 weeks after anthesis had better perfomance than those of harvesting at 14 weeks after anthesis, the fruit was remained soft and the weight lost was less.

  10. Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Perilaku Konsumen Buah Impor

    OpenAIRE

    Widayanti, Sri; Hidayat, Ramdan; Sudiyarto, Sudiyarto

    2007-01-01

    Consumers hold important role in determination whether the product has superiority or not. The overflowing or import fruits affected to a strong competition between local and impor fruits. Although local fruit seemingly lost in the competing with import fruits, however the consumer (especially city consumer) is the final determiner who act the jury to judge the kind of fruit that is superior through multi attribute judgement. The research objected was to analyze the influece of the factors n...

  11. ANALISIS PEMASARAN BUAH LOKAL DI KALIMANTAN BARAT

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    Ekawati Ekawati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The final objective of this research is the completion of a local fruit marketing model to maintain local fruit products in the domestic market. Hence, the local fruit products always be a favorite product of West Kalimantan community. The specific objective of this research are (1 to identify the local fruit consumer profile, (2 to elaborate the local fruit consumer profile, (3 to identify and elaborate the local fruit consumer behavior, (4 to analyze the factors influencing consumer decision to buy local fruit. This study used descriptive survey method with 400 respondents by random selected method. The data would be analyzed by using multi-attribute models, while the relationship between factors to the consumption decision of local fruit would use rank Spearman correlation. The results stated that the decision to consume both local and imported fruit was more determined by their own decisions than determined by other people opinions. Consumers in Pontianak prefer to choose imported fruit rather than local fruit. In local fruit marketing, sellers had to consider four factors that correlate with the desire of consumers to buy the local fruits, namely: (a taste, (b quality/durability; (c price and (d packaging.

  12. Identifikasi Lalat Buah (Bactrocera Spp.) Pada Tanaman Buah Di Beberapa Kabupaten Provinsi Riau

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, M. Fahmi A; Sutikno, Agus

    2015-01-01

    The research objective is to identify the type of fruit flies that attack fruit plan in some regencies in Riau. Fruits used in this research are: mango, orange, Chili, guava, brown, leatherback and jackfruit. The research was conducted in laboratory of Agricultural Quarantine Class I Pekanbaru. This type of research is an exploratory description that describes data was collected in the field by using the method of trap. Once the fruit fly was trapping in trap, then it is collected and finally...

  13. Micropropagation of herbal plants for mass production of in vitro plantlets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sobri Hussein; Rusli Ibrahim

    2006-01-01

    Malaysia herbal industry is considered to be one of the most dynamic enterprises with annual growth estimated at 20 % a year. The total import value of the medicinal and aromatic plants increased from RM 141 million in 1986 to RM 431 million in 1996. Species that have been identified in terms of current priority are Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali), Labisia pumila (Kacip Fatimah), Andrographis paniculata (Hempedu Bumi), Morinda citrifolia (Mengkudu), Centella asiatica (Pegaga), Orthosiphon aristatus (Misai Kucing) and Gynura procumbens (Sambung Nyawa). Herbal and medicinal plants have a larger pool of genetic resources for the production of compounds valuable to the industry and human well being such as in pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals and health food. The use of tissue culture technology has long been considered as an attractive solution to the problem of limited supply of raw materials for the industries. Kacip Fatimah (Labisia pumila) has been well known to increase female hormone, overcome tiredness and regain overall health. Misai Kucing (Orthosiphon aristatus) has proven to be active against kidney stones, high blood pressure, diabetes and gout and Sambung Nyawa (Gynura procumbens) is active against hypertension, diabetes and cancer. Tissue culture protocols had been optimized for the mass production of in vitro plantlets of these three selected herbal plants. (Author)

  14. Polysaccharides isolated from Morinda officinalis How roots inhibits ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The thymus and spleen of the mice were separated and weighed to determine viscera indices. Results: Orthogonal design showed that the influence order of the four factors was extraction times (C) > ratio of water to raw material (RWM, D) > extraction time (B) > extraction temperature (A). The optimum extraction parameters ...

  15. Effect of Morinda Morindiodes Extracts on Organs of Mice Infected ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However when extracts were administered to mice that were without infection, vacuolar degeneration of hepatocytes and periportal mononuclear cells infiltration in the liver were observed. Sperms were not produced during the period of treatment (Spermiostasis) which indicated= reversible infertility in the male mice.

  16. Effect of Morinda citrifolia Fruit Extract Capsule on Total Cholesterol ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 13, No 8 (2014) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  17. Extracts of Morinda oleifera (Moringaceae) show anti-retroviral ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toshiba

    2013-07-24

    Jul 24, 2013 ... reported to act as cardiac and circulatory stimulants. (Duke, 2001; Nandave et al., 2009), have ... dried and ground to powder using a mechanical grinder. The methanol extract (MM) and petroleum ether ... (FBS), 100 U/ml penicillin and 100. µg/ml streptomycin. Tissue culture medium and supplements were.

  18. Morinda lucida reduces contractility of isolated uterine smooth ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effects of graded concentrations of oxytocin (OXY; 10-5–10-2 mol/L), acetylcholine (ACh; 10-9-10-5 mol/L) and M. lucida extract (0.015–1.5mg/ml) were recorded. Fresh uterine strips were then incubated with M. lucida extract for 5mins and cumulative response to OXY was repeated. Another set of fresh strips was incubated ...

  19. Pre-clinical toxicity of Morinda citrifolia Linn. leaf extract

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jane

    2011-10-24

    Oct 24, 2011 ... Almeida dos Santos1, Thallita Kelly Rabelo1, Vanessa Silveira Fortes2, Maria José Vieira. Fonseca2, Ricardo Luiz Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Junior3, Lucindo José Quintans-Júnior3 and Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo1*. 1Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, São Cristóvão, ...

  20. Effect of Morinda citrifolia Fruit Extract Capsule on Total Cholesterol ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The age, sex, body mass index, and compliance of all the subjects with the standard diet regimen (low fat diet), exercise, and smoking behavior was assessed using a questionnaire, based on cross- sectional ... effects of MCC and refusal to continue the research. .... medicines used to treat cardiovascular diseases such as ...

  1. Possible antimicrobial activity of Morinda lucida stem bark, leaf and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In vitro experiment was carried out using the agar well diffusion and disc diffusion methods with Gram-negative enterobacteria. M. lucida extracts were more active against all the tested bacteria than the standard antibiotics, chloramphenicol and ciprofloxacin even at the same concentrations of 5, 10 and 20 mg/ml.

  2. Albizia lebbeck, Leucaena leucocephala, Morinda lucida and Senna si

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    2017-09-30

    Sep 30, 2017 ... BP 941 Franceville, Gabon. 2Laboratoire de Nutrition et d'Alimentation animale, Département des productions animales, FASA, Université de. Dschang. BP 222 Dschang, Cameroun. ..... of Recent German Contributions Concerning. Development through Animal Research Vol. 33 ed. Bittner A., editor.

  3. Comparative study of the effect of Morinda citrifolia (Noni) with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pre and post treatment measures of cervical range of movements (ROM) and pain intensity were assessed using the universal goniometer and the visual analogue scale respectively. Results: Significant reductions in pain intensity and improved neck flexibility (ROM) were achieved in all the three groups at the end of the ...

  4. Analisis Peningkatan Kualitas Pada Rantai Pasok Buah Pepaya Calina

    OpenAIRE

    Prihatiningtyas, Ratih; S, Alim Setiawan; Wijaya, Nur Hadi

    2015-01-01

    Due to the fact that post-harvest handling of local fruits especially in Calina papaya supply chain (IPB 9) has experience problems that can affect the value of its quality appearance, quality improvement is absolutely required. The purposes of this research are 1) Identifying the key attributes of Calina papaya quality improvement based on desires of consumers and to know the level of customer satisfaction using Quality Function Deployment (QFD); 2) Analyzing the causes of Calina papaya qual...

  5. UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK KULIT BUAH MANGGIS (Garcinia mangostana Linn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masniari Poeloengan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Mangos teen peel had been used as traditional medicine to treat dysentery, diarrhea,and uric acid.. This study was done to determine chemical compounds of mangos teen peel extract and its antibacterial activity by diffusion paper disk method. Its chemical compounds were determine by phytochemical screening while the antibacterial test was done against Gram Positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus A TCC 25922 and S. epidermidis, and Gram Negative bacteria (Salmonella typhimurium B 2284 and Eschericia coli B2245. Extract concentration used for the study were 50, 25, 12.5, 6.25 and 3.125%, in which every concentration had three replicates. Result ofphytochemical screening of mangos teen peel extract showed that the extract contained alkaloid, saponin, triterpenoid, tannin, phenol, flavonoid, glicoside and steroid. Mangos teen peel extract at the concentration up to 3.125 % had growth inhibition area on Gram Positive bacteria (Staph, aureus and Staph, epidermidis, and there were no growth inhibition area on Gram Negative bacteria (S.typhimurium and E.coli . Increasing extract concentration resulted in increasing growth inhibition area.   Keywords : mangos teen (Garcinia mangostana, Staphylococcus aureus, S, epidermidis. Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli and antibacteria

  6. KAJIAN PRODUKSI MINUMAN CAMPURAN SARI WORTEL DENGAN BERBAGAI BUAH

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    Ikrar Triastuti

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This research was aimed to find the most preferred fruit  to be mixed with carrot juice, to determine the formulation of carrot and the chosen fruit that give  the best mixed juice, and to elucidate the physical and chemical characteristics of the chosen juice  stored at 10°C for 6 days. The fruits to be chosen were pineapple, orange, red guava, mango, passion fruit. The formulations carrot and the chosen fruit used were 50%: 50%, 60%: 40%, 70%: 30%, 80%: 20%, 90%, 10%, and 100%: 0%. The results showed that the most preferred fruit to be mixed with carrot  was soursop. Selected formula that gave the best sensory properties was 80% carrot : 20% soursop.  This mixed juice  had scores for aroma, taste, color, and overall acceptance of 3 (like slightly, 3.600 (like, and 3.240 (like slightly . During  6- days of cold storage there was a slight decrease in vitamin C, total soluble solid, and cloud stability, but there was a slight increase in pH. Keywords: carrot, cloud stability, mixed juice, soursoup

  7. Identifikasi Cendawan Penyebab Penyakit Pascapanen pada Beberapa Buah di Yogyakarta

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    Ani Widiastuti

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In Indonesia, high yield losses due to post-harvest diseases are often difficult to measure because research focusing on such matter are still limited. This study aimed to determine the genera of fungi that cause rot on postharvest fruit, which can be used as a basis to determine the important pathogens in the current post-harvest commodities and for further disease management. The method used is sample collection, single spore isolation, microscopic observation and identification of fungal genera. Colletotrichum sp. was sucessfuly isolated from antrachnose of papaya. Pestalotia sp. was found in the fruit rot of avocado and star fruit. Lasiodiplodia sp. was found in mango, while Pestalotia sp. and Lasiodiplodia sp. was found in both sapodilla and banana. Alternaria sp. was found in the fruit rot of pears and apples. Aspergillus sp. was found in grapes, and Fusarium sp. was isolated from pineapple fruit rot.

  8. Mikobiota pada Buah Cabai untuk Pengendalian Hayati Colletotrichum capsici

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    Okky Setyawati Dharmaputra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Colletotrichum capsici is a pathogenic fungus causing anthracnose on various tropical fruits, especially chilli. Biological control agents have been used as an alternative method to control postharvest diseases. This study aims to examine the antagonistic potential of mycobiota on red chilli fruit against C. capsici. The pathogen was obtained from diseased red chilli fruits collected from three traditional markets in Municipality of Bogor, isolated on potato dextrose agar (PDA medium containing chloramphenicol (100 mg L-1. Candidates of antagonistic mycobiota were isolated from healthy chilli fruits using serial diution method, followed by pour-plate method on PDA medium containing chloramphenicol (100 mg L-1. C. capsici isolate BIO51046 showed highest pathogenicity on chilli fruit var. IPB Perbani compared to other isolates. Seven isolates of filamentous fungi and 7 yeast isolates were obtained from healthy chilli fruits. Test of antagonism using dual culture method obtained 3 filamentous fungal isolates (Plectosphaerella cucumerina, MF2 and Aspergillus flavus and 1 yeast isolate (Issatchenkia orientalis which inhibited the growth of C. capsici BIO 51046 more than 70%. Plectosphaerella cucumerina and I.orientalis did not cause any diseases on chilli fruits var. IPB Perbani. Therefore, these 2 isolates were considered as potential antagonist against C. capsici BIO51046 as the causal agent of anthracnose of chilli

  9. Desain Konseptual Penangkap Tandan Buah Sawit dan Pemanfaatan Energi Potensialnya

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    Wawan Hermawan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In oil palm harvesting, falling fruit bunches have a considerable potential energy, which can be captured and used to power the wheelbarrow in evacuating the fruit bunches. This study was conducted to measure the engineering characteristics of fruit bunches harvesting, determine the best fruit bunches catchment platform material, analyze the potential energy of falling fresh fruit bunch, and design a conceptual design of the catchment platform and evacuation machine. Measurements of the characteristics of the harvesting were done in an oil palm plantation. Four types of fruit catchment platform materials were tested, namely: steel plate, wood board, expanded steel plate and rubber sheet. The results showed that, bunches fell at a distance between 0.6 m to 1.4 m from the tree. Fruit bunches weight was in the range of 16 kg to 32 kg. The rubber catchment platform was superior to the other materials in reducing the scattered loose fruits and bruised fruits. Potential energy of falling fruit bunches were in the range of 0.44-4.44 kJ. Theoretical traveling distance of the wheel barrow powered by the captured potential energy was in the range of 2.27 m - 22.98 m. Based on the data obtained, a conceptual design of catchment platform and evacuation machine was designed.

  10. Morfogenesis Dan Fisiologis Ketuaan Buah Jambu Bangkok (Psidium Guajava L.)

    OpenAIRE

    SUTARNO, H; RASYANI, R

    1987-01-01

    H. SUTARNO & R. RASYANI. 1987. Morphogeneses and physiological maturity of jambu bangkok (Psidium guajava L.) fruits.Berita Biologi 3(7) : 326 - 329. Studies on nVorphogeneses and physiological maturity of jampu bangkok fruits were carried out from grown i plants in Bogor. Fruits developed from oval to round and nerly egg shape with fruit diameter at about 100 - 110 mm for 18 - 25 weeks. Moisture content and softness of fruits increased slowly at the early time of ripening, but respiration ra...

  11. Potensi Antioksidan Berbagai Sediaan Buah Sirsak [Anonna Muricata Linn

    OpenAIRE

    Prasetyorini, Prasetyorini; Moerfiah, Moerfiah; Wardatun, Sri; Rusli, Zaldy

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACTSoursop is a potential source of antioxidant due to high vitamin C and poliphenol content. Antioxidant activity of three different preparations i.e. fruit juice, 96% ethanol extract, and ethyl acetate extract. The antiocdidant were measured by using 1.1-diphenyl-2 pycrihidrazyl (DPPH) radical solution. In addition, vitamin C and polyphenol content of each preparation were also measured. Polyphenol content as measured in gram Gallic Acid Equivalent (GAE)/100 g). Showed the fruit juice,...

  12. Rekayasa Pemekaran dan Tekstur Keripik Buah Nangka selama Penggorengan Vakum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamaluddin

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Rising and development also hard and crispy are the specific characteristic of the fry product that acceptableby consumer. To produce rising and texture of the fry product according to the consumer requirement it wasnecessary to control process conditions, take account of characteristic and transformation of raw materialduring frying process. The change of volume (rising and shrinkage and texture (hardness and crispy arehappened during frying process of food materials. Volume and texture change were predicted affected byevaporation of water and decreasing of starch content on solidity. This research is done with aim to developmodel of Jackfruit texture and volume change during vacuum frying caused by decreasing of water contentand starch content. As the sample of the research was used the fresh Jackfruit frying on vacuum withtemperature of 70, 80, 90 and 100 OC, with frying duration of 15 to 60 minute and with vacuum pressure of80, 85, 90 kPa. The analyses parameters were consist of volume, texture, water content, and starch contentof the sample before and after frying. Result of the research shows that the higher of the temperature andpressure of the vacuum frying the lower of the starch content and water content of the jackfruit chip. Themathematical model that was developed can be used to predict the change of the jackfruit’s chip textureand volume during vacuum frying.

  13. Perancangan Kemasan Transportasi Buah Jambu Air (Syzygium aqueum cv Camplong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iswahyudi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Jamboo cv Camplong was an exotic fruit from Sampang Indonesia which had high economic values. The quality of fresh Jamboo was greatly influenced by the types of packaging and ways of its transportation that affected its shelf life. The purpose of this research were designing a primary packaging and analyzing the quality of Jamboo cv Camplong after short transportation (from Sampang to Surabaya. Farmers used conventional packaging with capacity of 8.4 kg/box (dimension 478 mm x 146 mm x 354 mm. Based on theoretical packaging design showed that the flute BC cardboard (capacity 4.5 kg/box, dimension 357 mm x 217 mm x 216 mm with partition flute A cardboard. In fact, there was needed modification of the dimension (342 mm x 210 mm x 200 mm because of the fruits diameter (60-65 mm. This result did not change the efficiency usage of transportation space (91-95% and compression strength of box can support (7 boxes/ stack. The result showed that the mechanical damage after transportation were 20.87% for conventional packaging (as control and 7.70% for modification packaging design (packaging with partition.

  14. MINYAK KELAPA BERPOTENSI SEBAGAI PENGAWET BUAH DAN SAYURAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nunik Siti Aminah

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Lack of information about coconut oil for healing some diseases, makes people ignore to use coconut oil. after the Vico (Virgin Coconut Oil recognized, now people pay attention to coconut oil. Coconut oil contain laurat acid in a large amount and this thing with other acids in coconut oil is very potential as fruit and vegetables preservative, because it is cheap, easy to apply, has litlle side effect, safe for non target and environment friendly. This Coconut oil to prolong the time of fruit saving. Pear has the followed by apple, Nephelium litchi, mango, grape and Salacca edulis. For Vegetables : potatotollamed, cucumber,tomato, carrot and paprica. The microba that can be prevented to grow are : Eschericia coli, Penicillium sp, Aspergillus niger and Scopulariopsi sp. The microba that can contaminate the fruits and vegetables are : Klebsiella, Fusariuim, Geotrichum, Scopulariopsis, Penicillium, Aspergillus, Mucor, Rhizopus, Chrysomillia, Botrytis, Synchepalastrum, Aureobasidium, Neosartorya and Monascus. Among all the fungi that produce toxin, which is called micotoxin is very harmful to human and animal health. Using coconut oil as preservatives is very easy if fruits vegetables are in small amount, they only need a paint-brush that already dipin to coconut oil then rub it to clean fruits vegetables. But if the fruit vegetables that will be preserved are in a large container filled with coconut oil is needed to soak the fruits large vegetables for 10 seconds.Key words : Coconut oil, Natural preservative, Fruit and Vegetable.

  15. Efektifitas Atraktan terhadap Lalat Buah Belimbing di Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MOCH SODIQ

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Effectiveness of Attractants to Star Fruit Flies in East Java. Fruit flies have become one of the important pests in plants carambola (Averrhoa carambola L.. In order to overcome the attack of fruit flies, always wrap the fruit growers and install attractant methyl eugenol atcarambola crop during the flowering plants to the star fruit is harvested, but the results are not optimal in controlling fruit flies, making it necessary to find other ways to control the star fruit flies were more effective. The research objective was to test the effectiveness of a combination of substances towing / attractants, feeding stimulants odor, color and volume to a fly attractant a star fruit. Research was conducted on land farmers in Blitar and Tuban. As for knowing the type of fruit flies that attack the star fruit, be identified in laboratory Plant Pests. Research using completely randomized design and each treatment was repeated 4 times. Parameters measured were the type, number, and trapped fruit fly sex attractant. Results of the study is a combination of the type of attractant M. bracteata, stimulating smell of guavajuice feed, as well as yellow and a volume of 1.5 ? most effective attractant to lure star fruit fly males and females. The fruit flies were trapped only one type that is Bactrocera carambolae.

  16. Losio Antioksidan Buah Naga Merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus Britton and Rose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Angelina Sinaga

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Hylocereus polyrhizus Britton and Rose (Red dragon fruit has been shown to have antioxidant activity which contains vitamin C, polyphenol, and flavonoid. This research was aimed to investigate antioxidant effectivity from H. polyrhizus in form of lotion. Lotion were made with 5 concentrations from H. polyrhizus methanol extract which were 0.04; 0.08; 0.16; 0.32 and 0.64%. The antioxidant activity of lotion was measured using DPPH method. The research showed that H. polyrhizus methanol extract had antioxidant activity with inhibition concentration were 19.99±0.33; 25.01±0.08; 39.14±0.04; 66.69±0.12 and 83.37±0.05. The result showed significant differences on antioxidant activity. The physical stability observation of five formula with cycling test method showed unstability because of discolouration (oxidation. As well as the methods of mechanical test showed unstability of lotion because saponification process.

  17. Rancangan End-effector untuk Robot Pemanen Buah Paprika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Dewa Made Subrata

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available A research on designing an end-effector for a sweet pepper (Capsicum grossum harvesting robot has been conducted. The objectives of this research were to design an end-effector prototype for the sweet pepper harvesting robot and to examine the performance of the end-effector in actuating the harvesting work. The end-effector was constructed in such a way so that enable to perform cutting and gripping motion in one action. The end-effector was designed using aluminum materials in order to get as light mass as possible. It dimension was 28 cm in length, 14 cm in width, and about 90 grams in weight. The field test of the prototype was conducted based on the conditions of plantation inside the greenhouse. Three kinds of inclination slope including 0o, 10o, and 20o were treated for the end-effector installation. The experimental result show that the third installation treatment ie: the end-effector with 20° inclination slope tend to produce the best performance which has the highest number of harvesting succeed.

  18. PERMINTAAN BUAH-BUAHAN RUMAHTANGGA DI PROPINSI LAMPUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rini Desfaryani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available One of commodity which is important to be fulfilled is fruit. From producer side, it has been available much in Lampung Province but has not been utilized optimally by consumer. This study purposed to analyze the factors influencing fruit demand and the response of demand changes due to shifting of price and income. The analysis was conducted by using AIDS (Almost Ideal Demand System model and the parameter was estimated by using SUR (Seemingly Unrelated Regression method. The results stated that the fruit demand was influenced by the fruit price (either own-price or cross-price, expenditure, and the number of household members. The elasticity shows that the own-price for all kinds of fruit is inelastic. The cross-price elasticity indicates that there are some fruits that have substitution or complementary relationship among them and in all types of fruits, income elasticity has positive sign.

  19. Performa Kambing yang Diberi Kulit Buah Kakao Terfermentasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suparjo

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Utilization of cocoa pod husk (CPH as feedstuff needs pretreatment to increase its nutrients availability. Bioconversion with Phanerochaete chrysosporium changes its structure by breaking down the linkage between lignin and structural carbohydrates. This experiment was aimed to evaluate the quality of fermented CPH biomass as feed for goats. The experimental treatments i.e.: A= 30% of fresh napier grass (RG + 50% of dried RG + 20% of concentrate; B= 30% of fresh RG + 30% of dried RG + 40% of concentrate; C= 30% of fresh RG + 30% of CPH + 40% of concentrate; D= 30% of fresh RG + 30% of fermented CPH + 40% of concentrate and E= 30% of fresh RG + 50% of fermented CPH + 20% of concentrate. The treatments were allocated in a randomized block design with three replications. Feed intake, body weight gain and ration efficiency were measured. The use of fermented CPH at the level of 30% had higher (P<0.05 feed intake (560.33 g day-1, body weight gain (101.79 g head-1 day-1, and feed conversion (5.50 compared to other treatments. In conclusion that the use of 30% fermented CPH in the ration showed the best body weight gain and feed efficiency.

  20. EKSTRAK BUAH DELIMA (Punica granatum L SEBAGAI FORMULASI LIPSTIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuska Noviyanty

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Pomegranate (Punica granatum l belongs to the family Punicaceae which has anthocyanin. The colour of pomegranate is caused by flavanoid which is anthocyanin. Anthocyanin is a pigments that can be used as natural dyes and replace synthetic dyes. This study was done to make the preparation of lipstick from pomegranate extract and determine the effect of different concentrations of pomegranate extract. The extract was made by maceration method using 96% ethanol as a solvent, then the solvent concentrated by rotary evaporator to get the pomegranate extract. The Components of lipstick were cera alba, alba vaseline, cetyl alcohol, carnauba wax, lanolin, propylene glycol, nipagin, ricini oleum, oleum rosae, as used the pomegranate extract with a concentration of 15%, 18% and 21%. The tests of lipstick’s quality that’s organoleptic test, homogeneity test, pH test, melting point test, stability test, and irritation test. The Preparations of lipstick so easily to apply and homogeneous, not irritating, stable, typical smell, a cylindrical shape, and the pink color. The average pH measurement from lipstick which containing pomegranate extract with a concentration of 15%: 4, 06%: 3.68 and 21%: 3.53. Melting point at a concentration of 15%: 59.2 ° C, 18%: 58.5 ° C and 21%: 57.6 ° C

  1. Kajian Penyimpanan Buah Naga (Hylocereus costaricensis dalam Kemesan Atmosfer Termodifikasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutrisno

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP is an alternative technologies for foodstuff packaging, distribution and storage which resulting in products with an increased shelf-life. The principle of MAP is modifying the gas inside the packaging by using plastic or film with specific permeability. This technology will be tried to package dragon fruit (Hylocereus costaricensis to prolong its shelf-life. The procedures are respiration rate measurement, determining O2 and CO2 composition of modified atmosphere packaging, and determining the type of packaging film. There are also observations made include the weight loss, hardness and color changes, total soluble solids, and organoleptic test. The result is respiration rate of dragon fruit at temperature 10°C, 15°C and ambient are 4.15ml/kg.hour CO₂ and 3.95 ml /kg.hour O₂, 9.94 ml/kg.hour CO₂ and 8.75 ml/kg.hour O₂, 16.72 ml/kg.hour CO₂ and 16.72 ml/kg.hour O₂. The composition of the atmosphere that recommended for storage of dragon fruit is 2-4% O₂ and 6-8% CO₂on 10°C and prolong the storage-life until 25 days with stretch film and styrofoam plate which dimension 12cm x 18cm.

  2. Perlakuan Uap Panas (Vapor Heat Treatment untuk Disinfestasi Lalat Buah dan Mempertahankan Mutu Buah Belimbing (Averrhoa carambola L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eti Rohaeti

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this research were to study mortality of carambola fruit fly (B. carambolae D & H and to study responses of VHT on quality of carambola (A. carambola L. Fruit fly mortality due to heat has been investigated by immersing fruit fly eggs into hot water at temperatures of 40, 43, 46 dan 49oC for 30 minutes and then at temperature of 46.5oC for 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 minutes. Star fruit were treated at temperature of 46.5oC for 5, 15, 30 minutes and then stored in temperatures of 5, 15oC and room temperature (28-30 oC. The result show that mortality has been achieved 100% at temperature more than 43.0oC for 30 minutes and at temperature 46.0oC for more than 15 minutes. VHT had significant influences to decrease the fruit respiration rates, chilling injury, antraknose, to increase the weight loss, color, and soluble solid content. However, there were no significant change in the hardness, water content, vitamin C and organoleptic test. VHT at temperature 46.5oC for 20 up to 30 minutes were effective to kill fruit flies inside carambola and VHT combined by storing in temperature of 15oC were able to maintain carambola quality during storage.

  3. Pengaruh Umur Buah Dan Faktor Iklim Terhadap Serangan Penggerek Buah Jeruk Citripestis Sagitiferella Mr. (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae)

    OpenAIRE

    -, Muryati

    2007-01-01

    . Muryati. 2007. The Effect of Fruit Maturity and Climatic Factors on Damage Intensity of Citrus Fruit by Fruit borer Citripestis sagitiferella (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae).The objective of this research was to understand the effect of fruit maturity and climatic factors on damage intensity of citrus fruit by fruit borer C. sagitiferella. The experiment was conducted at Batu, Malang from August 2001 to July 2002. The experiment to observe the fruit damage by citrus fruit borer on several fruit mat...

  4. Penetapan Kadar Kalsium dan Fosfor dalam Buah Naga Daging Merah (Hylocereus costaricensis) dan Buah Naga Daging Putih (Hylocereus undatus)

    OpenAIRE

    Tambunan, Christina Debora

    2014-01-01

    Dragon fruit is often consumed by the general public in the form of fresh fruit. Dragon fruit contains many minerals such as calcium and phosphorus. Both of these minerals are needed by the body. Therefore, it is necessary to do research on calcium and phosphorus levels on dragon fruit. The purpose of this study is to determine the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the red flesh dragon fruit (Hylocereus costaricensis) and white flesh dragon fruit (Hylocereus undatus). Research is qualita...

  5. Value-added of used cooking oil using noni (Morinda citrofilia) extract and bagasse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahayu, Sri; Supriyatin

    2017-08-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effect of noni extract and bagasse to the number of free fatty acids and peroxide on used cooking oil. This study used a completely randomized design with factorial experiment consisting of two factors: noni extract and administration bagasse. The oil used was cooking oil that has been used 3 times to fry catfish. The study was conducted in the laboratory of Biochemistry, Department ofBiology Science UNJ. Data was analyzed by 2-way ANOVA (α <0.05). Oil fortification analysis result in negative value of vit A, D and E on cooking oil used. Preliminary test results showed that the used cooking oil on catfish 3 times frying has a peroxide value of 20.2 MeK O2/kg and the number of free fatty acids of 2.2%, which is already quite high and out of SNI limit. This basis the reason of usingthe oil as a sample. Combination of noni and bagasse applied on cooking oil has shown the lowest peroxide value (0.533 mg-equivalen peroxide per kg sample (MeK O2/kg)) compared with administration of bagasse (0.8 MeK O2/kg) and noni alone (0.67 MeK O2/kg). Giving noni and bagasse also figured lower fatty acids (1,878%) compared to administration of noni (1.94%) and bagasse (2,191%) only on used cooking oil. Statistical analysis shows p <0.005 on both the peroxide and free fatty acids in cooking oil. It can be concluded that the administration of noni extract and bagasse gave effect on free fatty acids and peroxide on used oil.

  6. Anti Diabetic Effect of Fruit Juice of Morinda Citrifolia (Tahitian Noni ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the therapeutic use of Tahitian Noni Juice® (TNJ) or noni juice in controlling hyperglycaemia as claimed in folk medicine. Twenty adult male Sprague–Dawley rats with body weights ranging from 145 to 230g were used for the experiment. They were randomly allocated into 4 groups of five, rats each.

  7. Biochemistry and Cell Wall Changes Associated with Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) Fruit Ripening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cárdenas-Coronel, Wendy G; Carrillo-López, Armando; Vélez de la Rocha, Rosabel; Labavitch, John M; Báez-Sañudo, Manuel A; Heredia, José B; Zazueta-Morales, José J; Vega-García, Misael O; Sañudo-Barajas, J Adriana

    2016-01-13

    Quality and compositional changes were determined in noni fruit harvested at five ripening stages, from dark-green to thaslucent-grayish. Fruit ripening was accompanied by acidity and soluble solids accumulation but pH diminution, whereas the softening profile presented three differential steps named early (no significant softening), intermediate (significant softening), and final (dramatic softening). At early step the extensive depolymerization of hydrosoluble pectins and the significantly increment of pectinase activities did not correlate with the slight reduction in firmness. The intermediate step showed an increment of pectinases and hemicellulases activities. The final step was accompanied by the most significant reduction in the yield of alcohol-insoluble solids as well as in the composition of uronic acids and neutral sugars; pectinases increased their activity and depolymerization of hemicellulosic fractions occurred. Noni ripening is a process conducted by the coordinated action of pectinases and hemicellulases that promote the differential dissasembly of cell wall polymers.

  8. Penerapan Teknologi Karantina: Upaya Membuka Peluang Ekspor Buah-buahan Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rokhani Hasbullah

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Export of Indonesian fruit are constrained by very tight quarantine regulations, because some produces ere host for Tephrttidae frutt flies that are considered a quarantine dsk.by many importing countries. To be accepted by importing markets, the produces must be treated to ensure that they are free of the fruit files. Since the prohibition of chemicel method for insect disinfestation process (like ethylen dibromide, EDB in 1984, a new method by means of heat treatment was developed as a quarantine technology. This method has been applied in several fruit exporting countries such as: Australia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Thailand. Heat treatment in postharvest handling is a method of heating fruit to kill insects eggs and larvae of fruit flies prior to fresh market shipment without damaging the produces. There are many factors influence the fleet on postharvest fruit quality such as cultiver, fruit size. morphological characteristics, stage of ripeness, and treatment method. Therefore, the appficability of this technology should be assessed on fruit by fruit basis in pursuing the objective of killing the pests/diseases without adversely affecting the market qualily of the fruit.

  9. Uji Toksisitas Akut Ekstrak Etanol Kulit Buah Markisa Ungu (Passiflora edulis Sims.) Menggunakan Mencit

    OpenAIRE

    Pratama, Edo Kusda

    2016-01-01

    Indonesian had known, gathered and used several plants as an effort in order to prevent health problems since a long ago. One of the plants is very famous in Indonesia which known have many benefits is purple passion fruit or markisa (Passiflora edulis Sims). Purple passion fruit peel has antihypertensive activity, an antibacterial against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli bacteria, an also as a color for lipstick. The objective of this study was to determine the safety limit to use ...

  10. Penentuan Kandungan Tanin Dan Uji Aktivitas Antioksidan Ekstrak Biji Buah Alpukat (Persea Americana Mill.)

    OpenAIRE

    Malangngi, Liberty; Sangi, Meiske; Paendong, Jessy

    2012-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kandungan tanin serta menguji aktivitas antioksidan ekstrak biji alpukat segar dan kering. Penentuan kandungan total tanin dilakukan dengan metode Folin Ciocalteau, sedangkan penentuan tanin terkondensasi dilakukan dengan metode Vanilin-HCl dan aktivitas antioksidan diukur dengan metode DPPH. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan kandungan total tanin biji alpukat biasa kering, biji alpukat mentega kering, biji alpukat biasa segar, biji alpukat mentega seg...

  11. Prediksi Tanin dan Total Padatan Tidak Terlarut Buah Kesemek (Diospyros kaki L. Menggunakan Spektroskopi NIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indah Kurniasari

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Determination of tannin and non-soluble solid content of persimmon are usually carried out by a chemical method, these methods are destructive, time-consuming and can not be applied to the development of online grading. The objective of this study was to develop rapid prediction method of tannin and non-soluble solid content of persimmon non-destructively using NIR Spectroscopy. NIR spectra were measured by NIRFlex N-500 fiber optic solid with the wavelength of 1000-2500 nm. For the reference method, tannin and non-soluble solid content were measured using conventional method. Some pre-processing methods were applied, and the results were calibrated to chemical data using principal component regression (PCR and partial least square (PLS. The best model for prediction of non-soluble solid content was multiplicative scatter correction (MSC pre-processing and PLS with a correlation coefficient (r, standard error prediction (SEP and the ratio of standard deviation to SEP (RPD of 0.83, 1.48% and 1.59 respectively. The best model for predicting tannin was first derivative Savitzky-Golay (dg1 and PLS with r, SEP and RPD of 0.72, 0.14% and 1.06 respectively. PLS method was better than PCR in predicting non-soluble solid content and tannin of persimmon.

  12. Pemisahan Dan Penentuan Kadar Asam Sitrat Dari Buah Asam Jawa (Tamarindus Indica.L)

    OpenAIRE

    Napitupulu, Piktor Mangarahon

    2011-01-01

    Determination of citric acid in the flesh of tamarind (Tamarindus Indica Linn) by spectrophotometric had been carried out. Principle of Reaction was oxidation citric acid become acetone, then bromide compound was ready become penta bromoacetone, which was determinated by spectrophotometric with wave length 520 nm. Separation of citric acid from tamarind was done by extraction with methanol as solvent. Then methanol was vapored and citric acid was determinated by spectrophotometric. According ...

  13. Uji Daya Terima dan Nilai Gizi Biskuit yang Dimodifikasi Dengan Tepung Buah Pepaya (Carica papaya L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Ananda, Ceni Dwi

    2016-01-01

    Food diversification efforts can be done by using local food. Papaya is one of the local food with high nutrients and their availability of papaya fruit tends to increase every year. Papaya processed into flour an effort to become snack food utilization. Biscuit flour papaya is a modification biscuit by adding flour papaya fruit and its contains nutrients needed by the body. The purpose of this study is to determine the acceptability biscuit of papaya flour, organoleptic analysis based on ...

  14. PENENTUAN BAHAN KERING BUAH SAWO SECARA TIDAK MERUSAK MENGGUNAKAN NIR SPECTROSCOPY

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    Diding Suhandy

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This work was conducted to develop a new measuring system for nondestructive dry matter prediction in sawo fruit using short wavelength near infrared (SW-NIR spectroscopy. In this research, a number of 100 sawo fruits were used as samples. Spectra were acquired using a portable spectrometer (VIS-NIR USB4000, The Ocean Optics, USA with 100 ms integration time and 50 scans for number of scanning. Dry matter was measured using oven drying. The calibration and validation model was developed using the partial least squares (PLS regression method. The result showed that the best calibration model could be developed for original spectra in the wavelength range of  700-990 nm with F= 8, r = 0.92, SEC = 0.68 and  SEP = 0.86. Keywords:   Absorbance mode, dry matter, nondestructive method, sawo fruit, SW-NIR spectroscopy.

  15. Pengaruh Perbandingan Sari Buah Nenas Dan Melon Serta Konsentrasi Gula Terhadap Mutu Permen Jahe (Hard Candy)

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela, Connie

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect ratio of pineapple with melon and sugar concentration of the quality of hard candy. This study used completely randomized design with two factors, ie : ratio of pineapple and melon (N) (40% : 40%, 45% : 35%, 50% : 30%, 55% : 25%) and sugar concentration (G) (50%, 55%, 60%, 65%). The analyzed parameters were moisture content, vitamin C content, total acid, total soluble solid, ash content, sensory test (color, flavor, taste, and texture). ...

  16. Pengaruh Perbandingan Sari Buah Markisa dengan Pepaya dan Konsentrasi Gula terhadap Mutu Permen(Hard Candy)

    OpenAIRE

    Wahyuni, Try

    2014-01-01

    TRY WAHYUNI : The effect of passion fruit ratio with papaya and sugar concentration to quality of hard candy, supervised by Linda Masniary Lubis and Sentosa Ginting. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of passion fruit ratio with papaya and sugar concentration of the quality of hard candy. Method of this study was randomized complete design with two factors, ratio of passion fruit and papaya (T) (50% : 50%, 60% : 40%, 70% : 30%, 80% : 20%) and sugar concentrat...

  17. PENAMBAHAN GULA DAPAT MENINGKATKAN STABILITAS WARNA EKSTRAK ANTOSIANIN BUAH MURBEI HITAM YANG TERPAPAR CAHAYA FLUORESENS

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    Erlien Giovani Soeroso

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Anthocyanins are red to purple pigments and one of potent safe and natural food colorants which possess superior antioxidant activity. However, the stability of anthocyanins depends on various factors, including structure and concentrations, pH, temperatures, light, co-pigment, ascorbic acid, enzymes, metal ions, sugars, protein, sulfur dioxide. The aims of this research were to evaluate the effects of sugar addition on the stability of anthocyanin of black mulberry under different fluorescent light intensities and to determine the appropriate concentration of sugar that could increase black mulberry (Morus nigra L. anthocyanin stability. Fluorescent lamp at 3370, 4210, and 8820 lux (18, 23, and 32 watt, respectively were used to illuminate black mulberry fruit extract (10.09 g/L following 20, 40, 60% (w/v of sugar addition. Determination of anthocyanin color stability in extract of black mulberry fruit was perfomed using degradation kinetics modeling to obtain the appropriate order. The concentration rate (k and half life (t1/2 were then calculated based on subsequent order. The results showed that 20% sugar addition enhance the stability of black mulberry anthocyanin extract as compared to that of control (without sugar addition as indicated by half life increment from 170.826 to 183.733 h. On the other hand, anthocyanin stability decreased to 166.618 and 146.235 h half life with further sugar addition to 40 and 60%, respectively. Therefore, 20% sugar addition to black mulberry extract could improve its anthocyanin stability.

  18. Optimasi Air Perasan Buah Merah (Pandanus sp. Pada Pemeriksaan Telur Cacing

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    Anita Oktari

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Worm infections or can be called by worming included into an infection caused by a parasite. Soil Transmitted Helminths Intestinal Nematodes are worms groups are in their life cycle to reach the infective stage requires soil with certain conditions. Eosin 2% is the dye that is used in the examination of Intestinal Nematode worm eggs. Red fruit (Pandanus sp. which is a natural plant material and acidic contain carotenoids which produces orange-red pigment. Beta carotene is the predominant pigment of red-orange color that is found naturally in plants and fruits. The aim of this research is to determine the best concentration from variation of red fruit (Pandanus sp. juice that optimally to color the eggs of the worm. Research conducted experiments with various concentration ratio of red fruit (Pandanus sp. juice and distilled water (1, 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, 1:5. From this research it found that the results indicate the ratio of concentrations of red fruit (Pandanus sp. juice and distilled water (1:2 can be used as an alternative reagent eosin 2% for their examination of worm eggs. But in the visual field that uses red fruit (Pandanus sp. juice and distilled water (1:2 still looks much dirt as a nuisance and does not give a contrasting background. It can conclude that red fruit (Pandanus sp. juice can use to color the eggs of the worm.

  19. Pemanfaatan buah apel (Malus sylvestris Mill. lewat matang sebagai substrat nata de apple

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    Achmad Gazali

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Malang and Batu are territories for the apel production in Indonesia. overripe and rejected apples become trash only. So, it’s needed to make a solution for raising value. The reseach was conducted in Mei-Juli 2016, having an object to utilize the overripe apel for making substrates of nata de apple. Apples were gotten from malang apple shop. Samples were washed and mixed with water until 50%:50% of ratio (cider A, after that, filtering cider with a gause. Cider was deluted by watering again until achieving 75%:25% (cider B and 87,5%:12,5% (cider C of ratio. All ciders were heated to avoid a bacteria contaminant. 100ml each of cider is put into specific bottles and added with 10-20 ml of Gluconobacter xylinus. The ciders were incubated at room temperature. The result of this study showed that the growth of nata de apple on cider A (1.27 ± 0,9cm is thicker than B (1.27 ± 0,9cm and nata on cider B was thicker than C (0.13 ± 0,1 cm. The nata weight was 66.7gr for A, 43gr for B and 4.2gr for C. The residual liquid fermentation test showed that the total acid 0.4 mg/ml for A, 0.3 mg/ml for B and 0.1 mg/ml for C. The sugar reduction degree was 17,15 mg/ml of 32.4 mg/ml for A, 8 mg/ml of 26.4 mg/ml for B, and no sugar reduction of 6.3 mg/ml for C. It could be concluded that the cider A resulting the best subrate of nata de apple..

  20. PRODUKSI BIOGAS DARI SAMPAH BUAH DAN SAYUR : PENGARUH VOLATILE SOLID DAN LIMONEN

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    Piyantina Rukmini

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Biogas is one of alternative energy resources that is being developed and renewable. The raw material that use were rotten orange (Citrus sinensis osbeck and cabbage (Brassica oleracea. This research aimed to know influence of volatile solid and limonene the biogas production from fruit and vegetable waste. This research used 6 unit of Erlenmeyer 500 mL, waterbath, water manometer, and thermometer. Total volume of the digester was 350 mL. Adjusment of the pH in the start up was done to make the optimum condition for pH grow of methanogen (6,8 – 7,8. Toxicity of oxygen could be healed by spraying N2 in the digester in the beginning. The research was done under mesophilic conditions (30 – 400, during 50 days. The results showed that digester that has same VS (T1 and T2 with 15% VS, T2 and T4 with 20% VS with different concentration of rotten orange/limonene (T1=114ppm

  1. STANDARDISASI BUAH CABE RAWIT HIYUNG (Capsicum frutescens L. ASAL TAPIN KALIMANTAN SELATAN

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    Sutomo

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Hiyung chili (Capsicum frutescens L. is a type of local chili from Tapin, South Kalimantan. This research aims to know the parameter value of simplisia and extract of hiyung chili fruit. Standardization has been done by setting the value of specific and non-specific parameter simplisia and extracts from three different places which include simplisia organoleptic, test microscopic, compound soluble ethanol, the water-soluble, drying shrinkage, total ash content simplisia, acid insoluble ash content simplisia, contamination of heavy metals, extract organoleptic, yield, phytochemical screening, chromatography pattern, the determination of total flavonoid content, water content, ash content in total extracts, and acid insoluble ash content of the extract. The results of the three villages standardization of simplisia obtained an average are powder with reddish color, very spicy, spesific smell, there epidermis cells, hypodermis and parenchyma mesokarp, the soluble in ethanol compound content 19,55 ± 1,07%, water-soluble 32,33 ± 2,03%, drying shrinkage 2,22 ± 0,51%, total ash content 4,11 ± 0,44%, acid insoluble ash content 0,14 ± 0,01%, contamination of heavy metals Pb 2,00 mg/kg and Cd 4,00 mg/kg. The results of the three villages standardization of extracts obtained an average are condensed extract with brown color, very spicy, spesific smell, with a yield of 19,19 ± 1,03%, which contained the chemical constituents are alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolics, saponins, chromatogram pattern with Rf value of 0,18; 0,60; 0,98, total flavonoid content that most is Sungai Rutas 0,339%, water content 11 ± 0,67%, total ash content 7,96 ± 0,80%, and acid insoluble ash content 0,61 ± 0,05%.

  2. UJI DAYA HAMBAT PERASAN BUAH JERUK SIAM BANJAR (Citrus reticulata TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN Shigella dysenteriae

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    Eka Kumalasari

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Siam orange (Citrus reticulata is kind of orange which a lot in Sout Borneo and a national top variety called banjar siam orange. Orange contains secondary metabolites flavonoids, saponins, alkaloids which cause damage bacteria cell wall permeability. Objective of this study is to find out inhibition siam orange fruit squeeze to Shigella dysenteriae growth. This study is an experimental research laboratory. Inhibition test of siam banjar orange (Citrus reticulata fruit squeeze to Shigella dysenteriae growthwas conducted with diffusion methodwhich performed at Bacteriology Laboratory of Banjarbaru Center Veterinary. Result of phytochemicals screening showedthat banjar siam orange fruit squeeze contain alkaloids, saponins, and flavonoids. Result of the study showed banjar siam orange fruit squeeze has the ability to inhibite Shigella dysenteriae growth with 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% concentrations. The higher concentration of banjar siam orange squeeze, the greater diameter of inhibition zone result.

  3. PENGARUH JUS BUAH PEPAYA (Carica papaya L. TERHADAP PROFIL FARMAKOKINETIK SIMETIDIN PADA TIKUS PUTIH (Rattus norvegicus

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    Siti Julaicha

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Drugs used with foods or drinks can affect the drug effects. This study aims to observe the effect of papaya juice (Carica papaya L. to the pharmacokinetics profile of cimetidine in white rats. The animal were randomly in three group. Group 1 (cimetidine was given a single oral cimetidine 3,6 mg/200gBW. Group 2 (cimetidine and papaya juice dose I was given cimetidine 3,6 mg/200gBW together with papaya juice 4,5 g /200gBW. Group 3 (cimetidine and papaya juice dose II was given cimetidine 3,6 mg/200gBW together with papaya juice 9 g /200gBW. The serial blood was collected for 4 hours on lateralis vein of rats tail. Determination of cimetidine in plasma performed by spectrophotometer UV. The pharmacokinetic parameters of cimetidine were calculated by regresi linear method and recidual method and were analyzed by One Way ANOVA using 95 % confidence interval. Based on research results showed that the group II and group III increased of ka, Cpmaks, tmaks, Cl, AUC and decreased ke, t½ab and t½el. Group III provides the most affect the cimetidine pharmacokinetics profile with decreased absorption and elimination and increased metabolism of cimetidine in rat.

  4. IDENTIFIKASI POTENSI ENZIM LIPASE DAN SELULASE PADA SAMPAH KULIT BUAH HASIL FERMENTASI

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    La Ode Sumarlin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Fermentation is one of bioconversion to produce profitable anaerobic microbes and to produce various enzymes. Lipases and cellulases are widely used enzymes so far. Cellulases play an important role in bioconversion of organic waste cellulosic materials to glucose, single cell proteins, animal feed, and ethanol. Lipases can also degrade fatty ester bond. Therefore, both enzymes are potential to be used in industry as well as in households. Fermentation of fruit peel waste is an attempt to produce cellulase and lipase that can be carried out in a simple way. Cellulase as says was performed using DNS (3.5-dinitrosalicylic acid and acid-base titration for analysis of lipase using cooking oil as the substrate. The results showed that the highest cellulase activity was obtained from watermelon rind mixed with citrus fruit peel of 0.036 U/mL, and mixed of banana peel and citrus fruit, which was 0.035 U/mL. The optimum lipase activity was at 30 oC, pH 7, and reaction time of 60 minutes. The highest lipase activity (1.36 U/mL was obtained from mixture of watermelon and orange rind. Thus, the fruit peel waste is potential to produce cellulase and lipase by fermentation .

  5. INTRODUKSI PEMBUATAN ASINAN UNTUK MEMPERPANJANG MASA SIMPAN BUAH SALAK DI DESA SIBETAN KARANGASEM

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    Duniaji A. S.

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available There are many varieties of salak. Salak Pondoh, Salak Manonjaya and one of very popular is Salak Bali. The taste of Salak Bali is usually sweet and acidic taste, but its pineapple-, pear-, and banana-like aroma, texture very dry and crumbly. Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP with specific Standard Operating Procedures (SOP has been recognized as the requirement of quality and safety management system, competition tools in the global market to improve growers’ knowledge and skills on producing commodities in managing farms and products. The community service was done on July- August 2014 to the women farmer group of KWT Srada and KWT Subak Abian Salak at village Sibetan, Bebandem Distric of Karangasem. The objective of training was to improve the skill of women farmer group on snake fruit pickles products. A number of eight kinds of snake fruits pickle product has been produced. The training has been improving the skill of women farmer group of KWT Srada and KWT Subak Abian Salak at Sibetan to produce the good quality snake fruit pickles products in global market competition.Key word: salak, snake fruit pickles

  6. Identifikasi Kelelawar Pemakan Buah Asal Sulawesi Berdasarkan Morfometri (THE MORPHOMETRIC IDENTIFICATION OF CELEBES FRUIT BATS

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    Tiltje Andretha Ransaleleh

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The bat is very important for human life, because of their  role as pollinator of plants, as a producer oforganic fertilizer,  and as food.  In Northern Celebes fruit eating bats serve as exotic food, so the presenceof bats were threatened to be extinct due to uncontrolled hunting.  The changes of the forest for plantationlands, damage the habitats and the bats were forced to migrate out.   The aim of the study was to identifythe fruit eating bats of Celebes.  Morphometry of body size, skull,  and physical characteristics were usedin determining the types and distribution  of fruit eating bats in Celebes. The field survey was carried outat the hunting area, bat dealers, and bat sellers. The collected data were analyzed by using descriptivemethod and interpreted by narrating to describe the entire study. The result show that  there were fivetypes of fruit eating bats : i.e.  kalong sulawesi (Acerodon celebensis,  paniki pallas (Nyctimene cephalotes,codot wallet (Thoopterus nigrescens, nyap biasa (Rousettus amplexicaudatus, and  kalong hitam  (Pteropusalecto.

  7. ALASAN DAN HAMBATAN PENYAJIAN BUAH LOKAL DALAM OPERASIONAL HOTEL BERBINTANG DI SANUR

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    I Gusti Agung Diah Adelianie

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian tourism development is strongly supported by awide range of sectors one of which being the agricultural asa supplier of local fruits which become tourist consumptionprocessed into foods and beverages that have high sales value.This article discusses the dominant type of local fruits served inoperations of five-star hotels in Sanur tourism area, the reasonfor the hotel to serve local fruits, and the obstacles experiencedin serving them. The study used mix marketing theory andthe theory of consumer decision-making attitude. The studywas conducted by purposive sampling method with the studysites of seven star hotels in Sanur. Data were collected throughobservation, interviews, and by distributing 80 questionnairesfilled out by the hotels. The study reveals that the dominantfruits served in hotel operations are fruits that did not dependon the season and are selected based on factors including ofquality, continuity, price, serving variation, and policy wherethe dominant factor of this study was that of quality. This studyconcludes that there is a need for the cooperation betweenfarmers, suppliers, hotels and the government in maximizingthe absorption of local fruits at five-star hotels in Sanur.

  8. PEMANFAATAN KULIT BUAH JERUK NIPIS (Citrus aurantifolia SEBAGAI LARVASIDA Aedes aegypti INSTAR III

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    evy Ratnasari Ekawati

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available DHF (Dengue disease is transmitted through mosquito vectorAedes aegypti.One way to do control the Dengue vector is to use insecticide made from natural materials and is environmentally friendly with lemon peel extract (Citrusaurantifolia. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of extracts of lemon peel (Citrus aurantifolia in killing the third instar larvae Aedesaegypti with various concentrations and time variations. This were an experimental laboratory researchs using various concentrations of extract limes peel (Citrusaurantifolia 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, 5%, 6%, and 7% in which there 25 larvae Aedes aegypti and using a variation of 30, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, 300, and 1440 minutes after contact with the extracts limes peel (Citrusaurantifolia. Effective concentration to kill larvae of Aedes aegypti by 50% (IC50 was the concentration of 3.419%.

  9. Tingkat Fertilisasi dan Perkembangan Embrio Mencit yang Diberi Ekstrak Buah Merah

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    S. Said

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In the present study examined the influence of red fruit extract (RFE on fertilization rate and development of mice embryos during the pre-implantation stage. The application of RFE dose 0 ml/head/day, 0.05 ml/head/day, and 0.1 ml/head/day for seven days were conducted to examine its influence at the level of fertilization, then the application of RFE was continued during 0-3 days stage of pregnancy (0 day of pregnancy is the formation of the vaginal plug. The super-ovulation of the white mice was done by injecting of 5 IU PMSG and hCG (48 hours after PMSG, folowed by mating the females with males with ratio 1:1. The single-cell-embryos were collected 20 hours after the injection of hCG. The eggs were then fixed and stained before examinating the normal fertilization of eggs (formation 2 pronucleus. The morula and blastocysts were collected 84 hours after injection of hCG. The influence of the RFE with dose 0.1 ml on normal fertilization rate (formation 2 PN, significantly higher (46.01% compared with dose 0.05 ml (37.51% and controlled (16.38%. However, the influence of RFE with dose of 0.05 ml and 0.1 ml on the growth of pre-implantation stage embryos may inhibit the growth of mice embryos during the pre-implantation stage in vivo.

  10. Efektivitas Air Buah Lontar dalam Mempertahankan Motilitas, Viabilitas dan Daya Tahan Hidup Spermatozoa Sapi Bali

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    Thomas MataHine

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of palmyra juice in maintaining motility,viability, and longevity of bali cattle sperm during in vitro storage. Semen collected from a four year oldbali bull had been trained to serve an artificial vagina. Good quality semen divided into four tubes to betreated with: without extender (negative control, citrate-egg yolk (citrate-EY and coconut water-egg yolk(CW-EY as positive control; and palmyra juice-egg yolk (PJ-EY, and then stored in a refrigerator attemperature 3 - 8oC. Each treatment was repeated five times to form 20 experimental units. The resultsshowed that up to the fourth day of storage, sperm preserved in PJ-EY had motility 44%, higher (P<0.05than citrate-EY, CW-EY, and without extender, i.e 30%, 18%, and 0%, respectively. PJ-EY extender alsoyield sperm viability 60%, higher (P<0.05 than citrate-EY, CW-EY, and without extender i.e 50%, 32% and0%, respectively. Sperm livability achieve 11.20 days in PJ-EY, longer (P <0.05 than citrate-EY, CW-EYand without extender, i.e 9.60 days, 7.60 days , and 1.31 days, respectively. In conclusion that palmyrajuice-egg yolk extender effective to maintain motility, viability, and longevity of bali cattle sperm duringin vitro preservation.

  11. PELATIHAN PENERAPAN TEKNOLOGI IRIGASI TETES SEDERHANA UNTUK MEMPRODUKSI BUAH SALAK GULA PASIR DI LUAR MUSIM

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    IN RAI

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Natural flowering of “Salak Gula Pasir” occures once every three months or 4 times a year, however, only oneto two of flower season succeeds to become fruit. Failure fruit-set causes the fruit harvest seasonally; partly due tothe internal water content of leaf is low. The situation is not favorable in terms of agribusiness because productionquantities accumulate only during the harvest time (on-season. Off-season flowering technology of “Salak GulaPasir” by simple dripping irrigation has been founded, gardeners, however have not yet recognised. The aim ofthis community service is to introduce that technology by means of training to the gardeners. The participantsattended the training seriously because the subject was really expected by them. After training, participants wereconvinced that they can do how to make off-season production of “Salak Gula Pasir”, moreover they expect thelocal government would provide rainwater harvesting and the required dripping irrigation installations.Keywords: salak Gula Pasir, drip, irrigation, off-season, training.

  12. Kajian intensitas penaungan dan penjarangan buah terhadap hasil tanaman Arbei fragaria sp

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    Dwie Retna Suryaningsih

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was done in "Materia Medica", Technical Implementation Unit East Java Health Service Bureau, Batu, East java, from May to December 1995. It has an altitude of approximately 750 m above sea level. This study has the objective of determining light intensity and fruit thinning which maximize strawberry yield of high quality. A three replicate two factors experiment, laid out in a completely randomized design with repeated measurements were. The first factor was shading intensity consisting of three levels: unshaded, shading intensity of 40% and 65%. The second factor was fruit thinning consisting of three levels: no fruit thinning applied, fruit thinning of 40% and 60%. The result indicated that: (1 maximum growth and yield of strawberry was attained at 40% incoming light, (2 removing 40% of fruits in a cluster increased weight of individual fruit, (3 shading which passed 40% of incoming light coupled with fruit thinning of 40% was the best combination, (4 shading increased vitamin C content of strawberry fruit, and (5 yield components might be predicted from tiller number, flower number per plant, and fruit weight average.

  13. Kunci identifikasi lalat buah (Diptera: Tephritidae di Kabupaten Bogor dan sekitarnya

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    Anik Larasati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Identification key was developed for 18 species of fruit flies (Bactocera spp. found in Bogor district. Morphological characters were used as background information for key development: 2 genus and 4 subgenus were identified in the process. Fruit fly species in this identification was Bactrocera (Bactrocera albistrigata de meijere, Bactrocera (Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera caudata Fabricus, Bactrocera (Bactrocera latifrons White & Liquido, Bactrocera (Bactrocera limbifera Bezzi, Bactrocera (Bactrocera melastomatos Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera moluccensis Perkins, Bactrocera (Bactrocera occipitalis Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera papayae Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera tau Walker, Bactrocera (Bactrocera umbrosa Fabricius, Bactrocera (Bactrocera usitata Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera verbascifoliae Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera vulta Hardy, Bactrocera (Bulladacus mcgregori Bezzi, Bactrocera (Zeugodacus calumniata Hardy, Bactrocera (Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquillet, Dacus (Callantra longicornis Wiedemann. Preparation of identification keys were done by created a matrix of characters, through comparing several characters such as face spot, lateral postsutural vittae, the color of the legs, wide and narrow costal band, medial longitudinal band, as well as the lateral margin of terga III to V.

  14. Efek Antihiperkolesterol Jus Buah Belimbing Wuluh (Averhoa bilimbi L. terhadap Mencit Galur Swiss Webster Hiperkolesterolemia

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    Samsudin Surialaga

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Blood cholesterol level which were higher than normal is a trigger of various diseases. The objective of the research was to know the anti-hypercholesterol effect of Averhoa bilimbi L. fruit juice, done in March–June 2011 at School of Pharmacy Institute Technology of Bandung. Webster strain mice were divided into two groups there were preventive and curative. Each group was divided into four subgroups: negative control was normal life, the three subgroups other positive control, reference and test (Averhoa received high-cholesterol meal and 0.26 mg/20 gBW/day of prophylthiouracyl. At preventive group the treatment above was participated with 20 mg tragacanth, 0.026 mg/20 gBW/day simvastatin, and 0.12 g juice/20 gBW/day respectively during 30 days. For curative group 30 days later the three subgroups other received tragacanth, simvastatin, and juice as subgroups of preventive group during 30 days. The cholesterol levels were measured with spectrophotometer and were examined with analysis of variance (ANOVA and were continued with student-t test. At preventive group the different of cholesterol level between subgroup control positive 158.5 mg/dL and Averhoa 129.7 mg/dL was significant p<0.01, at curative group were not significant. In conclusion, Averhoa fruit juice can prevent increasing of cholesterol level, but cannot cure.

  15. Efek Antihiperkolesterol Jus Buah Belimbing Wuluh (Averhoa bilimbi L.) terhadap Mencit Galur Swiss Webster Hiperkolesterolemia

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    Samsudin Surialaga; Diah Dhianawaty; Anna Martiana; Andreanus A. S

    2013-01-01

    Blood cholesterol level which were higher than normal is a trigger of various diseases. The objective of the research was to know the anti-hypercholesterol effect of Averhoa bilimbi L. fruit juice, done in March–June 2011 at School of Pharmacy Institute Technology of Bandung. Webster strain mice were divided into two groups there were preventive and curative. Each group was divided into four subgroups: negative control was normal life, the three subgroups other positive control, reference and...

  16. Pembuatan minyak kelapa secara enzimatis dengan memanfaatkan kulit buah dan biji pepaya serta analisis sifat fisikokimianya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunita Susanti

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Enzymatic process using papain is an efficient and less expensive method for producing coconut oil. This research was conductedto produce coconut oil which meet quality requirement from Cocos Nucifera L using ripe fruit peel and seed of papaya (Carica PapayaL as enzyme sources. The coconut oil was prepared by mixing of coconut milk and juice of papaya ripe fruit peel and/or seed; and thenthe oils produced and incubated for 24 hours. The physicochemical properties of the coconut oil were determined including specificgravity, water content, contaminant, Iodine number, saponification number, peroxyde number, acid number, and pelican oil. The yieldsof coconut oil produced by enzymatic method using those two papain sources were significantly higher than coconut oil produced byvaporization/heating method. The physicochemical properties of the coconut oil in accordance with Indonesian National Standard(SNI, but the coconut oil which was produced enzymatically using juice of papaya ripe fruit peel and seed had higher quality thanthose produced by heating method. Based on the physicochemical properties of the coconut oil, it concluded that ripe fruit peel ofpapaya was better than papaya seed as an enzyme source.

  17. Pembuatan minyak kelapa secara enzimatis dengan memanfaatkan kulit buah dan biji pepaya serta analisis sifat fisikokimianya

    OpenAIRE

    Yunita Susanti; Purwanto Purwanto; Yuliana Kristiani Dewi

    2012-01-01

    Enzymatic process using papain is an efficient and less expensive method for producing coconut oil. This research was conductedto produce coconut oil which meet quality requirement from Cocos Nucifera L using ripe fruit peel and seed of papaya (Carica PapayaL) as enzyme sources. The coconut oil was prepared by mixing of coconut milk and juice of papaya ripe fruit peel and/or seed; and thenthe oils produced and incubated for 24 hours. The physicochemical properties of the coconut oil were dete...

  18. Recovery of Gold from Waste Jute Material - A Case Study | Buah ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Recovery of gold from aurocyanide complex solutions by zinc precipitation requires a relatively clear solution for effective precipitation of the gold. Goldfields Ghana Limited (GGL), one of the companies in Ghana, which used zinc precipitation in its former treatment plant to recover gold from solution, clarified the gold ...

  19. Perancangan dan Konstruksi Mesin Sortasi dan Pemutuan Buah Jeruk dengan Sensor Kamera CCD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usman Ahmad

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Citrus is one of important fruits in Indonesia and its production increases every year. However, postharvest equipment for citrus is very limited, leading to low postharvest technology utilization. The objective of this research was to develop a real-time quality evaluation system using a color CCO camera, to be used as an image sensor and processing unit for quality evaluation of the citrus from acquired image. The system consists of a color CGO camera, a computer with an image frame grabber, an image acquisition chamber, a logic control panel, and a software to run all the installed hardware Some important parameters of visual quality of citrus were studied. Five groups of different quality of citrus, obtained from a big trader in Pasar Induk Kramatjati, were used for samples. The images were captured and then analyzed with image processing program using area projectio and RGB and HSI color model algorithms, for the fruit size and color respectively. The results were analyzed to determine whether there were parameters that correlates with weight, sweetness and firmness, to be used for quality evaluation. Visual parameters that figures the real quality of citrus best were then selected to be used for quality parameters to develop a real-time quality evaluation system for citrus in the next step.

  20. Gambaran Konsumsi Buah, Sayur Dan Kecukupan Serat Pada Anak Sekolah Dasar Di SD Negeri 060870 Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Rara, Anggi

    2016-01-01

    Fruits and vegetables have a variety of benefits for the body, lack of eating fruits and vegetables can lead to deficiencies of nutrients such as minerals, vitamins, especially the fiber so it can lead to a variety of diseases. The importance of eating fruits and vegetables are a source of fiber is still the most widely neglected by the Indonesian people, especially those who were in North Sumatra. The purpose of this study was to determine the consumption of fruit, vegetables and fiber adequ...

  1. OPTIMASI PELAPISAN KITOSAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MASA SIMPAN PRODUK BUAH-BUAHAN SEGAR POTONG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhayati -

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to obtain the optimal concentration of chitosan and the longest shelf life of melon, watermelon and pineapple slices. The experiment was factorial, and arranged in a completely randomized block design  with 3 replications. The first factor: the concentration of chitosan consisted of 5 levels (0%, 0.5%, 1%, 1.5% and 2%. The second factor was 4 level duration of storage  (0 day, 4 days, 8 days and 12 days. Homogenity and additivity of the data were tested using Bartlet and Tukey tests, then they  were analyzed using     analysis of variance and followed by least significant difference test (LSD. The best results for melon fruit slices  were obtained at a concentration of 1% chitosan 4 days of storage with the number of yeast and mold plate count  8.03 x 102 colonies/g and 9.03 x 103 colonies/g respectively. The best results for watermelon fruit slices were at a concentration of 1.5% chitosan 4 days storage time with the number of yeast and mold plate count 6.06 x 102 colonies/g and 6.66 x 102 colonies/g respectively. The best results of pineapple fruit slices obtained at a concentration of 1.5% chitosan 4 days storage time with the number of yeast and mold plate count  9.56 x 102 colonies/g and 1.76 x 102 colonies/g respectively. Keywords: fruit slices, melon, mold, pineapple , storage time, yeast, water melon

  2. LIKUIFASI ENZIMATIK β - KAROTEN SEBAGAI FUNCTIONAL FOOD YANG TERDAPAT DALAM POMACE DARI BUAH LABU KUNING

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    Santosa Herry

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Attempts to separate the β carotene contained in pomace or pulp byproduct pumpkin fruit juicing process(Cucurbitae moschata is potential. The magnitude of benefit of β-carotene as a chemo preventive, high contentof β-carotene in pumpkin, strong pumpkin fruit shelf life and high content of β-carotene in the pomace, an initialconsideration of this research. β-Carotene enzmatik liquefaction using pectinase enzyme combination (P andcellulose (C, subject to the pomace. liquefaction / hydrolysis carried out in a stirred tank reactor to determine:the most influential variable ratio between enzyme ratio P: C; temperature and pH. Influential process variableswas determined using two-level factorial design method Quicker. From the experimental results of the data if itis known that the degree of acidity of pH is the single most influential variable in the process of β-caroteneliquefaction presents in pumpkin fruit pomace.

  3. MUTU MIKROBIOLOGIS DRUPA BUAH MERAH (Pandanus conoideus Lamk. PADA BERBAGAI JENIS KEMASAN SELAMA PENYIMPANAN

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    Mathelda Kurniaty Roreng

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Microbiological quality is one crucial factor relating to food products quality. This quality can be measured based on the growth level of bacteria and fungi during storage of food product. The objective of this study is to determine the effect of plastic packaging types and different storage conditions on total bacteria and total fungi in fresh red fruit. The experiment was conducted using three treatments of plastic packaging, that is high-density polyethylene (HDPE, low density polyethylene (LDPE and polypropylene (PP. Additionally, three storage conditions were applied, that is room temperature (27 °C, cold temperature (10 °C and freezing temperatures (-18° C. The results showed that during storage, freezing conditions inhibited the growth of bacteria and fungi. Meanwhile, the type of plastic packaging did not inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungi.

  4. Analisis Perilaku Konsumen Buah di Pasar Tradisional dan Pasar Modern Kecamatan Kaliwates, Kabupaten Jember

    OpenAIRE

    Hartadi, Rudi; Hani, Evita Soliha; Kartika, Nyra Dewi

    2010-01-01

    The phenomena of modern markets make consumers have many choices of buying fruits. However, this does not reduce interest of other consumers to choose traditional market as a choice of place to buy fruits. This research is intended to identify factors that influence fruit buying in traditional market and modern market as well as the type of buying behavior in District of Kaliwates, Jember Regency. Samples were taken by using Convenience Sampling. Research data used were primary and secondary ...

  5. FORMULASI GEL ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK KULIT BUAH MANGGIS (Garcinia mangostana L dengan BASIS CARBOPOL

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    Supomo

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The skin of the mangosteen fruit (Garcinia mangostana L. contains xanthones which is a powerful antioxidant. Antioxidants are substances that neutralize free radicals that can protect the body from the biological system adverse effects arising from the process or reaction that causes excessive oxidation. The purpose of this study is to formulate extract of mangosteen rind with a particular concentration in the form of gel formulation of antioxidants and determine physical and chemical properties. The research is experimental research. Object studied is mangosteen rind extract (Garcinia mangostana L. were extracted using maceration. Formula made with mevariasikan 3 concentration of the ethanol extract of mangosteen rind 0.2%, 0.4%, and 0.6% use a gelling agent carbopol 940 0.5%. Tests carried out on organoleptic gel formulation (odor, color, texture, homogeneity, pH, skin irritation, and the gel dispersive power of antioxidants. Results of testing physical properties, gel ethanol extract of mangosteen rind using a base of carbopol 940 in formula I with a concentration of 0.2% extract of yellow vaginal discharge, formula II with a 0.4% concentration of yellow-brown, formula III with a concentration of 0.6% yellow brown and smelled each formula oleum citri and smooth creamy texture, has a pH value of 6 with good homogeneity and does not irritate. Dispersive power generated at each antioxidant gel formula has a value that does not meet the requirements of the spread. From this study it can be concluded that the ethanol extract of the skin of the mangosteen fruit (Garcinia mangostana L. can be formulated as a gel antioxidants. The best antioxidant gel formula is the formula I with a 0.2% concentration of the extracts from the results of testing physical properties are quite stable and has a color more transparent.

  6. Dampak Konsumsi Metil Egenol terhadap Perilaku dan Keberhasilan Perkawinan Lalat Buah Bactrocera carambolae (Diptera: Tephritidae

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    Suryati Syamsuclin Tati-Subahar

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Methyl eugenol (= ME is an insect attractant. It is known that male Bactrocera dorsalis is attracted to ME. The objective of this research is to examine the effects of ME consumption on mating behavior and its success of Bactrocera carambolae. Observations were done daily from 17.00 to 18.00 hours. Mating success was characterized by the occurrence of copulation between male and female flies while mating behavior analysed by their fight intensities and wing vibrations. The results showed that the fighting and wing vibration periods of ME consuming flies were longer than those which did not. Mating success of those flies which fed on ME was relatively higher. It was concluded that ME is a stimulant for enhancing mating success of Bactrocera carambolae.

  7. ANALISIS EFISIENSI DISTRIBUSI PADA PENJUALAN PRODUK OLAHAN BUAH DAN SAYURAN DENGAN METODE DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS (DEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Maulidah

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Industrial agro requires efficient marketing distribution making it easier for consumers to get their products and can optimize the benefits to achieve a large market share. The purposes from this research is to identify the distributional channel toward fruit and vegetable processing product sale, to analyze the efficient rate on fruit and vegetable processing product, and to formulate the distributional efficiency rate improvement strategy which is not efficient using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA is done by WDEA (Warwick DEA Software. Limitations in the efficiency measurement in this study is the input and output variables. Input variables include the number of retailers, delivery volume, and distribution costs. Variable output includes the volume of sales, revenue and profits. The result of distributinal efficiency analysis toward fruit and vegetables processing product selling namely: (1 used are zero-rate and one rate distributional channeling. (2 There are 8 distributional channeling which is efficient includes in Malang, Batu, Kediri, Tuban, Magelang, Jombang, Lumajang and Surabaya. Meanwhile 7 distributional channeling area which is not efficient are Blitar, Banyuwangi, Bojonegoro, Trenggalek, Lamongan, Ponorogo, and  Mojokerto. (3 Improvement strategy toward distributional channeling area which is not efficient are explained below: (a decrease the sending volume according to the efficiency target; (b increase the selling volume based on the efficiency target in order not to get heaping on product so it can give advantage for industrial agro; and (c add the total amount of retailer toward distributional area which is not efficient.

  8. POTENSI HIDROLISAT TEMPE SEBAGAI PENYEDAP RASA MELALUI PEMANFAATAN EKSTRAK BUAH NANAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Machin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan perlunya pengembangan penyedap rasa alternatif berbahan hidrolisat tempe dan proses pembuatannya, menguji jenis asam amino, kadar protein dan uji organoleptik. Metode eksperimen digunakan pada penelitian ini. Pengujian jenis asam amino melalui teknik kromatografi, kadar protein terlarut melalui metode Biuret dan uji organoleptik produk dibandingkan penyedap rasa sintetis. Hasil yang didapatkan adalah pengembangan penyedap rasa hidrolisat tempe perlu dilakukan karena alasan dampak mengkonsumsi penyedap rasa sintetis, pengembangan teknologi, sumber penghasilan dan potensi penelitian. Proses pembuatannya melalui penambahan sari nanas pada tempe yang telah dikukus dan diblender dengan perbandingan tempe:air:sari nanas 1: 0,5:0,5. Pengovenan selama 2 jam pada suhu 55ºC, penambahan dektrin + NaCl (masing-masing sebanyak 0,5 gr/100 gr tempe, pengovenan kembali selama 2 jam pada suhu 55ºC. Perlakuan B2 (pengovenan pada suhu 55ºC selama 2 jam menghasilkan asam glutamat. Produk ini berpotensi membentuk monosodium glutamat dengan penambahan NaCl. Jumlah protein terlarut dipengaruhi oleh lama pengovenan dan suhu. Produk hidrolisat tempe sebagai penyedap rasa menghasilkan rerata kesukaan warna (3,3 = menarik, aroma (3,9 = sangat suka dan menghasilkan cita rasa sama jika ditambahakan sebanyak 2 kali dibandingkan penyedap rasa sintetis.This research was aimed to describe the need for the development of alternative flavor made from hydrolyzated tempe and its manufacturing process, to test the types of amino acid, to measure the protein levels and to test the favor organoleptically. This was an experimental study. The types of amino acid was tested using chromatographic technique, the level of soluble protein was tested using Biuret method and the products were compared organoleptically. The study showed that the development of hydrolyzated tempe flavoring needs to be performed by the reason of the impact of consuming synthetic flavors, the technology development and the research potential. The manufacturing process was done by adding pineapple juice in steamed and blended tempe (the ratio of tempe:water:pineapple juice was 1:0.5:0.5, and then baked for 2 hours at the temperature of 55ºC, added with NaCl + dextrine (each as much as 0.5 g/100 g tempe, baked again for another 2 hours at 55ºC. The treatment B2 (baked at temperature of 55ºC for 2 hours produced glutamic acid. This product has potentially forms monosodium glutamate with the addition of NaCl. The total soluble protein was affected by the length of the baking time and the temperature. The products i.e. the hydrolyzated tempe as the flavor enhancer yielded an average color preference of 3.3 (i.e. interesting, aroma of 3.9 (i.e. like much, and produced the same taste when using as much as twice volume of the product compared to the synthetic flavors.

  9. Permintaan Buah Pisang Ambon Oleh Rumah Tangga Di Kecamatan Denpasar Barat, Kota Denpasar, Provinsi Bali

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    Made Antara

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the function of green banana fruit demand, factors that affect the demand for green banana fruit and banana fruit elasticity of demand in the district of West Denpasar. Purposive selection of sites is done at the West Pemecuatan Vilage, West Padangsambian Village and Tegal Harum Village.  Populai this study were all households in three villages and a sample taken amounted to 90 households with a random sampling technique. This study used two models of analysis of the Cobb-Douglas Demand Functions and Linear Demand Functions, using the criteria of economics, econometrics and statistics, namely, R2, F-test and t-test, then obtained a model of the demand function for the set as a model of a representative demand function represents the study area are used for forecasting.Free variable in the function of green banana fruit demand by households is X1 = price of banana fruit,  X2 = the price of fruit other than bananas fruit, X3 = total household income, X4 = number of household members, X5 = mother's formal education level of the home ladder, and D (dummy variables = head of household jobs.  The results show the function of green banana fruit demand by households tha representative is the linear demand function, nemaly: Y = 0,7285792 – 0,00003636X1 + 0,00014478X2 + 0,00000110X3 + 0,19004321X4 + 0,60582075X5 + 0,04631297D.  Factors that influence the demand for banana fruit by the domestic price of other fruit, household income, number of household members, and educational level of the housewife. The price elasticity of demand for banana fruit by households is inelastic, the income elasticity indicates that the fruit, including bananas in the category of normal goods, other fruits (papaya, watermelon, oranges, and mangoes can be considered as substitutes of banana fruit by the analysis of cross-price elasticity.

  10. Karakterisasi Mutu Kimiawi, Mikrobiologi Dan Sensori Sari Buah Campuran Nanas Dan Semangka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusmarini Yusmarini

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available (Chemical, Microbiological And Sensory Characteristics Of Mixed Pineapple And Watermelon Juice ABSTRACT. Fruit juice is widely known as beverage that rich of vitamins. The aims of this study were to determine the chemical, microbiological and sensory quality of pineapple juice mixed with watermelon juice and to find the best treatment. Research was conducted experimentally using a completely randomized design with five treatments and three replications. The results showed that increasing watermelon juice will increase the moisture content and pH value, on the other hand will decrease total dissolved solids and vitamin C. Overall sensory panelists liked the mix of pineapple juice and watermelon juice, but in terms of vitamin C the best treatment was pineapple juice and watermelon juice with the ratio of 1.75: 0.25 which have sour taste.

  11. Osmosis-Puffing sebagai Suatu Alternatif Proses Pengeringan Buah dan Sayuran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Saputra

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available A new method of drying fruits and vegetables, a combination of the osmotic drying with the CO2 puffing process, was carried out in this study. the fruits were soaked in an osmotic media, continued by puffing the product with CO2 gas and then dried using the fluidized bed dryer wich resulted in a product that resembled the volume and shape of a fresh product. The type of osmotic media and concentration, and the soild gain. Also the sample’s tichness had a significant effect on the water loss and solid gain. The best concentration was 50%, and the best media was sucrose. Osmotic-puffing using sugar solution had no significant effect to the ratio of bulk specific volume (BSV between the osmotic puffing compare to without osmotic. The product treated with the solution of KCI combined with sugar had a lower BSV of puff product compared to the product soaked only with KCI. The concentration of KCI 5% gave the best BSV. The NaCI solution of 5% was also tested for osmotic-puffing dehydration of carrot which resulted in the BSV of 6.8 cm3/g.

  12. Pendugaan Kadar Air dan Total Karoten Tandan Buah Segar (TBS Kelapa Sawit Menggunakan NIR Spektroskopi

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    Zaqlul Iqbal

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to develop a Near Infrared (NIR calibration model based on water content and total carotene that can be used as a standard of ripe fruit. There are three steps of the research. The first step is NIR spectral data aquisition of 60 samples by using NIRFlex N-500. Next step is measuring water content and total carotene from each sample using destructive method. The last step is development of NIR calibration model using (Partial Least Square PLS and applying pretreatment data Standard Normal Variate (SNV, normalization (N01, dan First Derivative Savitzky-Golay 9 Point (DG1. The result show that water content could be predicted well by applying SNV with R2 (calibration =0.89, R2 (validation = 0.88 and RPD = 2.84. Total carotene also could be predicted well by applying DG1 with R2 (calibration = 0.84, R2 (validation = 0.77 and RPD = 2.06.

  13. HIDROLISIS ENZIMATIS SAMPAH BUAH-BUAHAN MENJADI GLUKOSA SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU BIOETANOL

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    Rima Nurul Hidayati

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Fruits garbage is very potential raw material to produce bioethanol because containing sugar and starch. There is three step in bioethanol making process, first hydrolysis, then fermentation and the last purification. The research objective was to learn enzymatic hydrolysis process from fruits garbage in order to bioethanol production, learning the temperature influence to alpha amylase enzyme performance toward sugar rate yielded from enzymatic hydrolysis and learning influence gluco amylase enzyme addition toward sugar rate yielded from enzymatic hydrolysis. The research was run with some step. First, analysis the raw material that was calculating its water contents by heating the sample used oven at temperature 100oC during 1 hour, then repeating until weight constant, then analysing the strach rate which contain in fruits garbage by luff schoorl method. Second, hydrolysing 60 g of fruits garbage and 1 mL of alpha amylase enzyme in 400 mL aquadest during 1 hour, then sacharification process at temperatur 55oC during ½ hour. Third analysing sugar rate from hydrolysis yielded with titration method toward fehling A and B which has been standaritation, till formed a sorrel sediment. Enzymatic hydrolysis process from fruits garbage was run with two step, there is gelatination process and sacarification process. In gelatination process, alpha amylase enzyme is work maximal at temperature 95oC. Enzymatic hydrolysis from 60 g of fruits garbage, 400 mL of aquadest, 1 mL of alpha amylase at temperature 95oC yielding optimum sugar rate by addition 6 mL of gluco amylase at temperature 55oC.

  14. Penetapan Kadar Fosfor Dalam Buah Petai (Parkia speciosa) Secara Spektrofotometri Sinar Tampak

    OpenAIRE

    Melisa

    2013-01-01

    Parkia speciosa generally consumed by people as other dishes, although there are some people who do not like it due to its odor. It is often recognized as a traditional and uncommon food. This plant products mineral, one of the mineral much is producted is phosphorus. The purpose of this study was to determine levels of phosphorus in the both types: petai padi and papan. Qualitative analysis of phosphorus carried out by turning it into phosphate and ammonium molybdate reagent identified,...

  15. PENGARUH KOMBINASI PETRAGENOL DAN EKSTRAK JERUK TERHADAP FEEDING STRATEGY LALAT BUAH Bactrocera dorsalis

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    Ramadhan Sumarmi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Petragenol is an attractant contained methyl-eugenol. It is an insect’s pheromone signaling for mating, made colony, and feeding. The oranges had too an attractants especially for fruit flies. The aim of this research was to know the influence of combination of oranges extract and petragenol to Feeding Strategy of Bactrocera dorsalis flies.      This research used the Y tube method. The 60 fruit flies were used as samples. The 10 flies were placed in start chamber Y tube and in two other tips were placed the bait as a single or combinations of non-matured oranges extract and petragenol (A, matured oranges extract and petragenol (B, decay-oranges extract and petragenol (C, and petragenol as control (D. Feeding Strategy defined by the need of time to reach the bait and the spend of time in the bait with categories as activity of Searching, Grounding, Gathering, and Learning. The data analyzed by Chi-square (X2. The results showed that the fastest searching activity in B, the longest time to gathering activity in A, the longest time to grounding activity in non-matured oranges extract, and the longest time to learning activity in matured oranges extract. It can conlude that the best attractant to teas Bactrocera dorsalis Feeding Strategy are matured oranges extract-petragenol combination for Searching and Learning activity, and combination of non-matured oranges extract  and petragenol to grounding and gathering activity. Key words: petragenol, oranges extract, feeding strategy

  16. UJI EFEKTIFITAS BEBERAPA WARNA PERANGKAP BASAH UNTUK MENGENDALIKAN HAMA LALAT BUAH (Bactrocera sp) PADA TANAMAN BELIMBING

    OpenAIRE

    Syofia, Irna; ,, Nursamsi; Indrian, Heri

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the  color type  of effective wet traps in controlling pests of fruit flies on starfruit plants by using Group Randomized Design (RAK) Non factorial with 6 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments tested were Methyl eugenol traps + wet without color (P), methyl eugenol traps + Wet blue (Q), methyl eugenol traps wet yellow + (R), methyl eugenol traps wet green + (S), methyl eugenol + red wet traps (T) Methyl eugenol traps wet black + (U). The further...

  17. Analisis Penggunaan Sakarin dan Siklamat Pada Manisan Buah yang Dijajakan di Pasar Rame Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Zulyana, Jeanny

    2016-01-01

    Fruit candied is a kind of food which many people like to consume. In the production, producers often use artificial sweetener to replace with saccharin and cyclamate which compare to its sweetness and the cost give more benefit. However, refer to a research, if consuming these saccharin and cyclamate can cause migrain and for long term can cause cancer. The purpose of this research was to know the using of cyclamate and saccharin in the fruit candied and whether the content...

  18. Perbandingan Nilai Ukur Sensor Load Cell pada Alat Penyortir Buah Otomatis terhadap Timbangan Manual

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    WAHYUDI WAHYUDI

    2018-02-01

    The measuring values between the load cell sensors present in the digital scales and the measured values on the conventional or manual scales sometimes have a very significant difference between them, this is usually due to several factors affecting the difference in measuring values, therefore in this study, Will be done a measurement and testing the weight of a load with the measuring object of apples, tomatoes and oranges. This test is conducted to determine which system is more efficient and accurate in performing a weight calculation of a fruit. For the first stage, the process of measuring the weight of fruit using the load cell sensor is done on the automatic fruit sorter, then for the second stage, the fruit measurement is done by using manual or conventional scales. Having obtained the value of the calculation of both, then will be analyzed and compared the results of measuring both systems to determine the level of efficiency of both. Keywords: Comparison, Measure Value, Load Cell, Manual Scales, Accuracy

  19. ANALISIS KANDUNGAN ASAM ASKORBAT DALAM BUAH NAGA MERAH (Hylocereus polyrhizus DENGAN IODIMETRI

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    Abdul Rahim

    2016-11-01

                  The research to determine “Analysis the Content of Ascorbic Acid in the Red Dragon Fruit by Iodimetri” Vitamin C concentration of postharvest red dragon fruit (Hylocereus Polyrhizus and at the same time to recognize those the packaging could affected conten of obtained Vitamin C. Analysis process was conducted by iodimetric titration method through the sample of dragon fruit with saving period and packaging varied. The result of completed research find out there was are difference concentration of Vitamin C between packaged dragon fruit and without package, the concentration of Vitamin C in packaged dragon fruit was increase the concentration of Vitamin C from the first day (11,1680 mg/100 gram of sample to the third day (14,8017 mg/100 gram of sample and decrease until the fifth day (10,4743 mg/gram of sample, otherwise by another treatment without package the concentration of Vitamin C are increase from the first day (7,4928 mg/100 gram of sample to the sixth day (19,6784 mg/100 gram of sample and decreased until the eighth day (14,1395 mg/100 gram of sample.   Keywords  : Red dragon fruit (Hylocereus Polyrhizus, Vitamin C dan iodimetric titration.

  20. KARAKTERISTIK JELLY DRINK SINBIOTIK DARI SUSU KEDELAI DAN EKSTRAK BUAH NAGA MERAH (Hylocereus polyrhizus

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    Sri Winarti

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Jelly drink is a gel-based beverage product, which can be made from hydrocolloid compounds by addition of sugars, acids, and or without other food additives, sinbiotics are a combination of probiotics and prebiotics. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect concentration of carrageenan and fermentation timt on the quality of jelly drink sinbiotik soy milk and red dragon fruit extract. The method used in this research is Completely Randomized Design with two factors. The first factor was the concentration of carrageenan (0.4%, 0.6%, 0.8% and the second factor of fermentation time (18 hours, 20 hours, 22 hours and 24 hours. To know the difference between treatments used Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT 5%. The results showed that the best treatment was the addition of carrageenan 0,8% and the  fermentation time of 24 hours which resulted jelly drink sinbiotik with pH value 3,7, total acid 1,02%, total lactic acid bacteria (BAL 11,13 log cfu/ml, total sugar 7.92%, 1.89% dissolved protein, total anthocyanin 0.645% and gel strength 3.27 N.

  1. Pengaruh Pemberian Jus Buah Naga Merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus Terhadap Kadar Trigliserida Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus Hiperlipidemia

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    Afrida Wira Surya Rizqi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Cardiovascular disease is a disease that causes the most deaths in the world. One of its main risk factor is triglyceride levels which make the emergence of plaque in coronary artery. Statin as an option drug in reducing triglyceride levels apparently reported to cause myopathy and kidney failure when used in a long term. Natural product like red dragon fruit began to be developed as a safer alternative. The content of various substances such as niacin, vitamin C and fiber in it useful as antihypertriglyceridemia. This study aims to determine the effect of red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus juice to the decrease of triglyceride levels in hyperlipidemic white rats (Rattus norvegicus. This study was an experimental study with pre and post test with control group design. The subjects were 24 male experimental animals (Rattus norvegicus were divided into 4 groups: one positive control group given simvastatin 0.18 mg/ 200 gram of  weight and three groups treated with red dragon fruit juice doses of 3.6; 5.4 and 7.2 gram/ 200 gram of weight. Then, data were analyzed escriptively with One-Way ANOVA test using SPSS 16.0 for Windows. Results with descriptive analysis obtained that mean of positive control’s pre-test triglyceride level was 104.80 mg/ dl and treatment groups I, II and III respectively 108.15 mg/ dl, 106.47 mg/ dl and 107.43 mg/ dl whereas positive control’s post-test triglyceride level was 51.09 mg/ dl and for the treatment groups were 94.64 mg /dl, 71.01 mg/ dl and 58.75 mg/ dl. One Way ANOVA test obtained p <0.05 which indicated the difference between the treatment of various doses of red dragon fruit juice to white rats’ triglyceride levels. Based on that, means there is the effect of various doses of red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus juice to the decrease of triglyceride levels in hyperlipidemic white rats (Rattus norvegicus.

  2. Pengaruh Pemberian Jus Buah Naga Merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus Terhadap Kadar Trigliserida Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus Hiperlipidemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afrida Wira Surya Rizqi

    2014-09-01

    Results with descriptive analysis obtained that mean of positive control’s pre-test triglyceride level was 104.80 mg/ dl and treatment groups I, II and III respectively 108.15 mg/ dl, 106.47 mg/ dl and 107.43 mg/ dl whereas positive control’s post-test triglyceride level was 51.09 mg/ dl and for the treatment groups were 94.64 mg /dl, 71.01 mg/ dl and 58.75 mg/ dl. One Way ANOVA test obtained p <0.05 which indicated the difference between the treatment of various doses of red dragon fruit juice to white rats’ triglyceride levels. Based on that, means there is the effect of various doses of red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus juice to the decrease of triglyceride levels in hyperlipidemic white rats (Rattus norvegicus.

  3. Perbedaan Percepatan Penyembuhan Luka Bakar dari Ekstrak Kulit Buah Jengkol (Pithecellobium lobatum Benth.)

    OpenAIRE

    Darwin

    2011-01-01

    Dog fruit (Pithecellobium lobatum Benth.) is one of the herbs are efficacious. Rind dog fruit including waste in traditional markets and provide less economic value. Leaf dog fruit efficacious as eczema, scabies, sores and ulcers medicine, the bark as lowering blood sugar and rind can be used as a skin ulcer medication, insect repellent, burn. One of the chemical compounds from dog fruit rind is tannin. Serves as an astringent tannins that cause shrinkage pores of the skin, ...

  4. AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK ETANOL KULIT BUAH RAMBUTAN (Nephelium lappaceum L. ) TERHADAP PENANGKAPAN RADIKAL BEBAS DPPH

    OpenAIRE

    Anshory, Hady; Suparmi, Suparmi; Tamimy, Arif Setiadi

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACTRambutan fruits are consumed by people for additional food and medical use. Pericarp oframbutan has been known to have some active compounds such as flavonoid. Many flavonoidsfrom plants are known to have anti radical activity effect or antioxidant. It is very interest todetermine of antioxidant activity from ethanol extract of rambutan pericarp (Nephelium lappaceumL.). Antioxidant activity was carried out spectrophotometry by using DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) as a reagent. T...

  5. Kandungan Antioksi dan Asam Askorbat pada Jus Buah-Buahan Tropis

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    Novi Febrianti

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Tropical fruits are rich in nutrients and phytochemicals that benefit our health. As source of antioxidant, regular consumption of fruits will be useful in avoiding many degenerative diseases particularly caused by free radicals. The good effects of antioxidants vary from repairing tissue damages in respiratory system, excretory system as well as reproductive system. Ascorbic acid is one potent antioxidant that has been recorded for history. Known as Vitamin C, its concentration in fruits has been a primary consideration for people to choose what kind of fruit they are going to consume. This experiment’s result exhibited different levels of ascorbic acid in some topical fruits. Average concentration of ascorbic acid from the highest to lowest was obtained in orange, guava, apple, papaya, tamarind and mango with their contents of 96,8; 49,86; 49,57; 48,4 and 41,06 mg/100g, respectively. This result would be a baseline in setting the best fruit combination to obtain maximum effects of antioxidant.

  6. UJI AKTIFITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK ETANOL KULIT BUAH MANGGIS (Gracinia mangostana L. TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BAKTERI Escherichia coli

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    Putri Permata

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Mangosteen rind has a benefical compounds liked xanthone which consisting of mangostin, mangosterol, mangostinon A and B, trapezifolixanthone, tovophyllin B, alpha and beta mangostin, garcinon B, mangostanol, gartanin, and flavonoid epikatekin that known contain an antibacterial and antidiare agent. Escherichia coliis an opportunistic bacterium that is commonly found in the human colon as a normal flora. Its unique because it can cause primary infection in the intestine such as diarrhea in children, as well as its ability to cause infection in other body tissues outside the intestine.This research was done from December 2016 to March 2017. The methods that used in this research were well diffusion test to know the inhibitory power by measuring the clear zone formed. measure the clear zone of mangosteen rind against Escherichia coli. Then to testing extract compounds, there was used phytochemicals screening test. Data there has been found will be analyzed through analysis of variance (ANOVA. In the inhibitory test of ethanol extract from mangosteen rind (G. mangostana L., it was so effective to inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli through in-vitro test with a resistivity of 1,58 cm and categorized as a strong inhibitory, which MIC from mangosteen rind against Escherichia coli was 3,9% and the compounds that contain in ethanol extract from mangosteen rind (G. mangostana L. were alkaloid, phenolik, flavonoid, saponin and terpenoid. Key word : antibacterial activity, Garcinia mangostana L., Escherichia coli.

  7. ANALISIS UPAH SISTEM BAGI HASIL ANAK BUAH KAPAL PADA PERAHU PENANGKAP IKAN DI KABUPATEN LAMONGAN

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    Trischa Relanda Putra

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Sea fisheries have a very important role in the civilization of human development (Fauzi, 2010:1. Marine fisheries management requires production costs to obtain goods and services.Every production is always faced with cost problems, capital, and wages.Wages in the primary sector use a profit-sharing system.The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the wage system for large size boat in Brondong and Blimbing urban villages. This study uses qualitative research methods, grounded theory design, observation data collection, interviews, documentation, and documents. It uses analytical techniques such as data reduction, data presentation, and conclusions. It also use source triangulation to test the validity of the data. The results of this study show that profit sharing system is not the same among skipper to one another, but in essence all meet the wage ≥ 40%.

  8. Perlakuan Uap Panas dan Suhu Penyimpanan untuk Mempertahankan Mutu Buah Mangga Arumanis (Mangifera indica L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rimba Lestari

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Pests fruit fly attacks could be an obstacles to the export of fruits. Heat treatment is needed to disinfest the fruit fly without affecting the fruit quality and safe for health. The objectives of this research were (1 to analyze the mortality of Bactrocera papayae fruit flies by in-vitro and by in-vivo, and (2 to analyze the effect of vapor heat treatment (VHT and storage temperature on quality of Arumanis mango. The results showed that the 100% mortality in-vitro of fruit fly B. papayae at temperature 46 oC was 10 minutes. While 100% mortality in-vivo at temperature 47 oC was 20 minutes. Exposure time of VHT, storage temperature, and their interaction didn’t significantly afffect weight loss, total soluble solid, hardness, but significantly affected vitamin C. VHT didn’t cause physiological damage which the fruit is still undergoing a process of normal respiration. The fruits on storage temperature of 13±2 oC can last for 18 and 28±2 °C just can last for 9 days. VHT at temperature of 47 °C for 25-30 minutes was effective to disinfestation of fruit flies infested inside the Arumanis mango and VHT followed by low temperature storage (13±2 oC was able to maintain mango quality during storage.

  9. Kunci identifikasi lalat buah (Diptera: Tephritidae) di Kabupaten Bogor dan sekitarnya

    OpenAIRE

    Anik Larasati; Purnama Hidayat; Damayanti Buchori

    2016-01-01

    Identification key was developed for 18 species of fruit flies (Bactocera spp.) found in Bogor district. Morphological characters were used as background information for key development: 2 genus and 4 subgenus were identified in the process. Fruit fly species in this identification was Bactrocera (Bactrocera) albistrigata de meijere, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) caudata Fabricus, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) latifrons White & Liquido, Bactrocer...

  10. Kunci Identifikasi Lalat Buah (Diptera: Tephritidae) Di Kabupaten Bogor Dan Sekitarnya

    OpenAIRE

    Larasati, Anik; Hidayat, Purnama; Buchori, Damayanti

    2016-01-01

    Identification key was developed for 18 species of fruit flies (Bactocera spp.) found in Bogor district. Morphological characters were used as background information for key development: 2 genus and 4 subgenus were identified in the process. Fruit fly species in this identification was Bactrocera (Bactrocera) albistrigata de meijere, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) caudata Fabricus, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) latifrons White & Liquido, Bactrocer...

  11. Keanekaragaman dan persebaran lalat buah Tribe Dacini (Diptera: Tephritidae di Kabupaten Bogor dan sekitarnya

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    Anik Larasati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Bogor and its surrounding area is known as one of the region in West Java that has high diversity of horticultural plants that may have an affect on fruit fly diversity. Research on fruit fly diversity is not merely provide information on the species richness of fruit flys but also provide information on its distribution and dispersion. The aim of this research was to investigate the diversity and distribution of fruit flies species and their hosts in Bogor and its surrounding area. Fruit flies were collected from 119 sampling areas in Bogor Cianjur, Bekasi and Depok. Fruit flies were sampled using two methods, i.e. host rearing and trapping. Traps were modified from Lynfield traps and combined with two different attractants, i.e. metil eugenol (ME and Cue lure (CL. We found 18 species of fruit flies collected from traps and 24 host plants. The result showed that distribution, diversity and abundance of fruit flies was influenced by the diversity of host plants.

  12. Analisi Kualitas dan Uji Organoleptik Abon Sapi Terhadap Penambahan Buah Keluwih (Arctocarpus communis

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    M. Nasir

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. A study on the effect of addition of kuluwih on quality and organoleptic test of abon sapi conducted at meat and fish processing loboratory and livestock food laboratory of animal husbandry department faculty of agriculture of syiah kuala university, in august 2006. The research design was completely randomized design that consists of 5 treatments with 4 replications. The treatments were; A = 100 % abon sapi; B=abon sapi and 5 % keluwih; C= Abon sapi and 10% keluwih; D = Abon sapi and 15% keluwih; and E= Abon sapi and 20% keluwih. The results showed that there were no significant effect of addition keluwih on abon sapi on quality and organoliptic test. There was also no significant effect of addition keluwih on rot test that the ammoniac yield was relatively low so that the abon sapi was safely consumption.

  13. Formulasi Masker Wajah dari Minyak Biji Buah Anggur (Grape Seed Oil) sebagai Anti-Aging

    OpenAIRE

    Putra, Handy Pramana

    2016-01-01

    Background: Tropical climate may cause increased risk of skin damage or premature aging. This couldtriggering the formation of free radicals in the skin that cause wrinkles. Grape seed oil contains linoleic acid (Omega 6), oleic acid, stearic acid, palmitic acid and antioxidants such as vitamin E and OPC was beneficial to inhibit the free radicals. Objective: Formulation of grape seed oil in the preparation of face mask anti-aging and to determine the effect of different concentrations of ...

  14. Khamir Antagonis untuk Pengendalian Penyakit Antraknosa pada Buah Avokad Selama Penyimpanan

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    Yuli Fitriati

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is an important disease in avocado fruit during storage. An effective, cheap, and safe control method is necessary as an alternative to subtitute the use of fungicides in postharvest disease control. This research aimed to identify yeast antagonist from avocados that are effective in controlling anthracnose disease on avocado fruit. Research was started with isolation of C. gloeosporioides and yeast from avocado fruit, followed by in vivo bioassay, antibiosis assay, and chitinolitic activity assay. In vivo bioassay was done by dipping avocado fruit on yeast cell suspension. As many as 23 yeasts isolates was obtained from avocado fruits. Eight yeast isolates (A28, A32, A33, A34, A35, A36, A37, A38 showed very effective for inhibiting anthracnose disease in avocado fruit at concentration of 106 mL-1 and 107 mL-1. However, only four isolates were chosen for further characterization based on morphological and molecular identification. Two species of yeast was identified as Pichia anomala, i.e. isolates A33 and A37 and Candida intermedia, i.e. isolates A35 and A36.

  15. Uji Aktivitas Ekstrak Etanol Kulit Buah Apel ( Pyrus malus, L Terhadap

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    Suparmia, Khusnul Khotimah Amal Fadho

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Apple (Pyrus malus, L is a fruit having much uses for health containing phytochemical and flavonoid substances. One of the substances contained in apple rind is quercetin. Quercetin capable to reduce vascular permeability (Mochizuki et al., 2004. The recent study has an aim to know activity of ethanol extract on apple rind to the reducing of vascular permeability thus it can used as therapies for plasma leakage in curing Dengue Blood Fever. The vascular permeability test it was done an induction method using acetate acid. Testing done on white male mice of the BALB/c strain where the mice were divided into 5 groups. The first and second groups were control groups that are a positive control were given 0.2 mg/20 g standard quersetin suspension and the negative one was given 0.5% Na CMC suspension. The third, fourth and fifth groups were treatment groups where each testing animals were given ethanol extract suspension of apple rind by dosages 0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 mg/20 g of Body Weight mice per oral. Taking data was done by measuring pigment intensities from abdominal cavity liquid had been washed with acetate saline. From percentages of vascular permeability reducing each group then analyzed using statistic analyses those were the one-way anova. If there was found any significant difference then it was continued a Tukey test and bivariate-correlation. From results in the study it was known that percentages of vascular permeability reduces of ethanol extract that were made from apple rind having dosages 0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 mg in sequences as big as 42.15%, 63.28% and 84.19%.Keywords: Pyrus malus, L, kuersetin, vascular permeability

  16. Pengaruh Perbandingan Bubur Buah Sirsak dan Pepaya Serta Penambahan Gum Arab terhadap Mutu Fruit Leather

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Edy Syahputra

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this research was to find the effect of ratio of soursop with papaya pulps and several arabic gum addition on the quality of mixture of soursop and papaya fruit leather. This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Food Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sumatera Utara, Medan, using completely randomized design with two factors, i.e. :ratio of soursop with papaya pulps (S) : (70% : 30% ; 60% : 40% ; 50% : 50% ; 40% : 60% ; 30% : 70%) and arabic gum concentration ...

  17. PEMANFAATAN PEKTIN KULIT BUAH JERUK SIAM (Citrus nobilis var. microcarpa) SEBAGAI ADSORBEN LOGAM TEMBAGA (Cu)

    OpenAIRE

    Ina, Anita Tamu

    2014-01-01

    Tembaga merupakan salah satu logam berat yang dapat mencemari lingkungan perairan. Tembaga biasanya dihasilkan dari industri tekstil maupun industri penyamakan kulit. Pemanfaatan biomaterial sebagai penyerap logam berat menjadi salah satu alternatif pengolahan limbah cair logam berat. Biomaterial yang digunakan adalah pektin yang diekstrak dari kulit Jeruk Siam (Citrus nobilis var. microcarpa). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kemampuan pektin kulit Jeruk Siam dalam...

  18. Penetapan Kadar Fosfor Dalam Buah Apel (Malus domestica Borkh.) Secara Spectrofotometri Sinar Tampak

    OpenAIRE

    Sitompul, Katarin

    2010-01-01

    Apples have various colors, so there is a possibility that the colors affect the chemical content. In the literatures, there is no statement yet that apples with different colors will have different chemical contents. The desicion value fosfor are in the dark red, pink and green apple. The examine sample was dark red apple which bought in Berastagi Supermarket, pink apple which bought Berastagi Supermarket and green apple which bought in Hypermart Sun Plaza. The examination of fosfor did q...

  19. TOKSISITAS SUB-KRONIK BUAH PARE (MOMORDICA CHARANTIA L. PADA TIKUS PUTIH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Wahjoedi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The fruits of Momordica charantia L. (pare are widely used as a traditional medicine for oxyuriasis, fever, cough and diabetes. The subchronic toxicity test was carried out on the aquaous extract of the fruits of Momordica charantia L. The test was done on 72 female rats of LMR strain for 3 months with a method developed by the Pharmaceutical Research and Development Centre of the National Institute of Health Research and Development, Jakarta. The rat organs examined were heart, lung, liver, kidney, stomach, muscle, pancreas, intestine and spleen. The results showed that there are no negative effects on the rat organs examined at a dose up to 200 mg/100 g body weight administered orally for 3 months.

  20. Jamur Pada Buah-buahan, Savuran, Kaki Lalat Dan Linckuncan Di Pasar Tradisional Dan Swalavan

    OpenAIRE

    Aminah, Nunik St; Supraptini, Supraptini

    2003-01-01

    .Fungi is relevant problem to study, since humidity in Indonesia is about65(1/0-85% which is verysuitable for fungi to grow. The study has been identified some genuses of fungi grown on fruits and vegetables sold in traditional market and supermarket. There are 12 genuses of fungi found from fruits soldin traditional market at temperature 27°C-30°C. Those are Candida sp.,Fusarium sp.,Homodendrum sp., Curvulania sp.,Aspergillus, Rhizopus, Geotrichum, Alternaria,Penicillium, Muccor, Aureobasi...

  1. JAMUR PADA BUAH-BUAHAN, SAVURAN, KAKI LALAT DAN LINCKUNCAN DI PASAR TRADISIONAL DAN SWALAVAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nunik St Aminah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract.Fungi is relevant problem to study, since humidity in Indonesia is about65(1/0-85% which is verysuitable for fungi to grow. The study has been identified some genuses of fungi grown on fruits and vegetables sold in traditional market and supermarket. There are 12 genuses of fungi found from fruits soldin traditional market at temperature 27°C-30°C. Those are Candida  sp.,Fusarium sp.,Homodendrum sp., Curvulania sp.,Aspergillus, Rhizopus, Geotrichum, Alternaria,Penicillium,  Muccor, Aureobasidium, Scopulariopsis sp., andCladosporium sp. In Fruits booths Spores of A. niger, A.gloucus and Fusarium sp  werefound frequently on Musca  domestica flies's feet. Meanwhile, in supermarket at 23°- 24° C has beenidentified 7 genuses of fungi. Those areCandida sp., Fusarium  sp,. Apergillus sp.,Rhizopus  sp.,Penicillium sp,. Curvulania  sp  andMucor sp. In traditional market, 10 genuses were identified from vegetables i.e. Kamir (Candida  sp.  Fusarium sp., Aspergillus sp.,Rhizopus  sp, Homodendrum sp.,Curvulania sp., Penicillium sp, Alternaria  sp,  Aureobasidium  sp,  Botrylis  sp, Triechoderma sp., Mucor sp.,Scopulariopsis sp., andGeotrichumsp. They frequently found on flies's feet in vegetables booth.Furtheremore, in thesupermarket there are 5 genuses identified on vegetables i.  e. Candida  sp, Fusarium sp.,Aspergillus sp., Mucor sp., and Bonytis  sp. Among those found from fruits and vegetables;Aspergillus sp.,Geotrichum  sp,  andFusariumsp. were problems for health Presence of Fusarium sp., andA. nigertogether could be acause of blindness.

  2. Volatile compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L. at two ripening stages Compostos voláteis em noni (Morinda citrifolia L. em dois estágios de maturação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Antonio Pino

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The volatile components of noni at two ripening stages were isolated by headspace solid-phase microextraction using 65 µm Polydimethylsiloxane-Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB fibers and analyzed using GC/MS. Both maturation stages had several compounds in common. Ninety-six compounds were identified, from which octanoic acid ( 70% of total extract and hexanoic acid ( 8% of total extract were found to be the major constituents. Due to noni maturation, octanoic acid, decanoic acid and 2E-nonenal decreased their concentrations, while some esters (methyl hexanoate, methyl octanoate, ethyl octanoate and methyl 4E-decenoate, which their fruity odor notes, increased their contents. Two unsaturated esters, reported for the first time in this fruit, 3-methyl-3-buten-1-yl hexanoate and 3-methyl-3-buten-1-yl octanoate, significantly decreased their concentration in the ripe to over-ripe fruits.Los compuestos volátiles del noni en los dos estados de madurez se aislaron mediante microextracción en fase sólida por headspace con fibras de 65 mm Polidimetilsiloxano-Divinilbenceno (PDMS/DVB y se analizaron por cromatografía de gases/espectrometría de masas. Ambos estados de madurez poseen numerosos constituyentes en común. Se identificaron 96 compuestos, de los cuales el ácido octanoico ( 70% del extracto total y ácido hexanoico ( 8% del extracto total fueron los componentes mayoritarios. Debido a la maduración del noni, el ácido octanoico, ácido decanoico y 2E-nonenal disminuyeron su contenido, mientras que algunos ésteres (hexanoato de metilo, octanoato de metilo, octanoato de etilo y 4E-decenoato de metilo, con sus olororosas notas frutales, incrementaron la concentración. Dos ésteres insaturados, reportados por primera vez en esta fruta, hexanoato de 3-metil-3-buten-1-ilo y octanoato de 3-metil-3-buten-1-ilo, disminuyeron significativamente su concentración al pasar la fruta del estado maduro al sobremaduro.

  3. Evaluation of benzaldehyde derivatives from Morinda officinalis as anti-mite agents with dual function as acaricide and mite indicator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ji-Yeon; Kim, Min-Gi; Park, Jun-Hwan; Hong, Seong-Tshool; Lee, Hoi-Seon

    2014-01-01

    Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease caused by SFTS virus with 12–30% fatality rate. Despite severity of the disease, any medication or treatment for SFTS has not developed yet. One approach to prevent SFTS spreading is to control the arthropod vector carrying SFTS virus. We report that 2–methylbenzaldehyde analogues from M. officinalis have a dual function as acaricide against Dermatophagoides spp. and Haemaphysalis longicornis and indicator (color change) against Dermatophagoides spp. Based on the LD50 values, 2,4,5–trimethylbenzaldehyde (0.21, 0.19, and 0.68 μg/cm3) had the highest fumigant activity against D. farinae, D. pteronyssinus, and H. longicornis, followed by 2,3–dimethylbenzaldehyde (0.46, 0.44, and 0.79 μg/cm3), 2,4–dimethylbenzaldehyde (0.66, 0.59, and 0.95 μg/cm3), 2,5–dimethylbenzaldehyde (0.65, 0.68, and 0.88 μg/cm3), 2–methylbenzaldehyde (0.95, 0.87, and 1.28 μg/cm3), 3–methylbenzaldehyde (0.99, 0.93, and 1.38 μg/cm3), 4–methylbenzaldehyde (1.17, 1.15, and 3.67 μg/cm3), and M. officinalis oil (7.05, 7.00, and 19.70 μg/cm3). Furthermore, color alteration of Dermatophagoides spp. was shown to be induced, from colorless to dark brown, by the treatment of 2,3–dihydroxybenzaldehyde. These finding indicated that 2–methylbenzaldehyde analogues could be developed as functional agent associated with the arthropod vector of SFTS virus and allergen. PMID:25434408

  4. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of seven oligosaccharides in Morinda officinalis using double-development HPTLC and scanning densitometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Bin; Chang, Jun; Wang, Ping; Li, Jie; Cheng, Dan; Zheng, Peng-Wu

    2014-01-01

    The quality of Morindaofficinalis, which has been used as a Yang-tonic agent for a long time in China, can be evaluated. A double-development high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) method has been established to simultaneously analyze quality and quantity of seven inulin-type oligosaccharides (DP=3-9) in Morindaofficinalis. The chromatography was performed on a silica gel 60 plate with the 7:5:2:1 proportion (v/v) of n-butanol-isopropanol-water-acetic acid for the first and second developments, respectively. The bands were visualized by the reaction with aniline-diphenylamine-phosphoric acid solution and analyzed by densitometric TLC at 540 nm. Quantification of seven oligosaccharides was achieved by densitometry at 540 nm. The investigated standard sugar had good linearity (R2>0.99) within test ranges. The amounts of seven oligosaccharides were calculated by the relative correction factor (RCF). Therefore, the developed TLC method could be used for quality control of Morindaofficinalis.

  5. The radioprotective effects of Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) juice on the bone marrow of irradiated Mus musculus L

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boquiren, Ryan Albert Leonard N.; Te Tan, Alvin E.

    2000-03-01

    The radioprotective effects of Noni juice on the bone marrow of irradiated Mus musculus L. (7-week old IRC strain) was studied using the micronucleus test. Five mice were used for each of the six groups; negative and positive control, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100% treatment. Both negative and positive control groups were not treated with Noni juice. However, the negative control was not irradiated. Four different concentrations, a mixture of distilled water and commercial Noni juice, were administered via oral gavage to mice in their specific groups during the 15-day feeding schedule. A day (24H) after the last treatment, the mice were irradiated (6 Gy of gamma radiation). Two days (48H) after irradiation, the mice were sacrifice and the femur were extracted. The bone marrow cells were collected and slides were prepared. One thousand polychromatic erythrocytes (PCE) were screened for the presence of micronucleus per mouse. The mean frequency of micronucleated PCE were as follows: negative control, 15; positive control, 45; 25% treatment, 21; 50% treatment, 18; 75% treatment, 11; 100% treatment, 7. The Kruskal-Wallis test showed that the groups' responses varied (α=0.05). Multiple comparison showed that there were significant differences between: (1) 25% and 100% treatment group; (2) positive control group and 75% treatment group; (3) positive control group and 100% treatment group, thus indicating that Noni juice is effective in inhibiting micronucleus formation at high concentrations. The result also showed that radioprotective potential of Noni juice follows a dose-dependent pattern. (Author)

  6. The impact of convective drying on the color, phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of noni (Morinda citrifolia L.

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    Ana Isabel MIRELES-ARRIAGA

    Full Text Available Abstract The effect of thin-layer drying temperature on color, phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of noni slices was investigated. Noni slices were air-dried at 50, 60 and 70 °C under natural convection conditions. Drying curves were fitted to thin-layer drying models in order to evaluate the drying characteristics of the product. In addition, an unsteady-state diffusion equation was numerically solved considering both product shrinkage and a variable mass Biot number in boundary condition to accurately estimate water diffusivity in a process with external resistance to mass transfer. Results revealed that the Aghbashlo model accurately reproduced the experimental behavior. As expected, water diffusivities, corrected for shrinkage, increased with the use of higher drying temperatures, with values in the range of 1.80-3.19 to ×10-9 m2/s. On the other hand, while drying caused a reduction in product lightness (24-31% and total phenolic content (20-28%, the antioxidant capacity of dried noni was high (82-93% DPPH inhibition, which is advantageous for the further storage or processing of this fruit.

  7. Kajian Beberapa Tumbuhan Obat Yang Digunakan Dalam Pengobatan Malaria Secara Tradisional

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    Ira Indriaty Paskalita Bule Sopi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstractMalaria is one of community health problems that can cause death especially to high risk group. Malaria treatment using some antimalarial drugs have been resistance so that there is using medicinal plants into traditional antimalarial treatment that have been tested scientific. There are lots of people that use traditional treatment for healing the diseases. This case shows there’s still strong of community tradition about looking for treatment. One of the diseases whose treatment using traditional and modern medicine is malaria. Malaria is one of acute or chronic often be caused by plasmodium parasites. This review aimed is to describe medicinal plants that used on traditional antimalarial treatment. Review of the literature with search and date collection from various references about medicinal plants which used in traditional antimalarial treatment. Method has been done by reviewing literature with search and the data has been collection then described to be an information that shows about kind of medicinal plants and result testing about them. There are some plants that is those are lime tree (Harmsiopanax aculeatus Harms, red fruit (Pandanus conoideus Lam., bark of jack fruit (Artocarpus champedem, fruit betel (Piper betle (L. R. Br., bark of mundu (Garcinia dulcis Kurz, benalu of mango (Dendrophthoe pentandra, mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana Linn., fruit of Morinda citrifolia L, and sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.. From the result that has been accepted shows active compound content that contained in some kind of medicinal plants which have been tested in traditional antimalarial treatment. Keywords: Plant, medicinal, traditional, malariaAbstrakMalaria merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang dapat menyebabkan kematian terutama pada kelompok berisiko tinggi. Pengobatan malaria dengan penggunaan beberapa obat anti malaria sudah mengalami resistensi sehingga perlu adanya pemanfaatan tumbuhan obat dalam pengobatan

  8. Aplikasi Ekstrak Hasil Fermentasi Biji Jagung dan Rebung untuk Meningkatkan Mutu Buah Anggur Bali (Vitis vinifera L. var. Alphonso Lavallee

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    I NYOMAN GEDE ASTAWA

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Applications of Extracts of Fermented Immature Corn Seed and BambooSprout For Improvement of Table grape Quality of Vitis vinifera L. var.Alphonso Lavallee. The objective of the research was to determine the effect ofapplication of extracts of fermented immature corn seed and bamboo sprout for improvementof table grape quality. The research was designed as Completely Randomized Block Design,with five treatments and ten replications. The treatments were K0 (control, J50 (extract offermented immature seed of corn with concentration of 50%, J100 (extract of fermentedimmature seed of corn with concentration of 100%, R50 (extract of fermented bamboo sproutwith concentration of 50% and R100 (extract of fermented bamboo sprout with concentrationof 100%. The results showed that all of the treatments improved sugar content of the fruit.However, the treatment of J100 resulted in the greatest increase of berry number per-bunchand the lowest number of seed per-berry. In conclusion, for improvement of the table grapequality, the treatment of J100 was the most appropriate among other treatments used in thecurrent research.

  9. Pengaruh Penerapan Aplikasi Sayang ke Buah Hati (SEHATI terhadap Pengetahuan Ibu dan Aktivitas Fisik pada Anak Sekolah Dasar

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    Nurul Auliya Kamila

    2017-08-01

    The lack of physical activity is one of the 10 major risk factors of death in the world, it is major risk factors for non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and diabetes mellitus. Affectionate to Baby (SEHATI application is informative media which is a guide for mothers in improving the knowledge and guidance on the correct physical activity in children of primary school age are packaged in the form of moving animations, exciting colors, and the system time reminder. A quasi experiment with pretest-posttest control group design was conducted to analyze the effect of the SEHATI application toward knowledge mother and physical activity in school age children during January 2017. The subjects of this research were 60 mothers who have primary school age children as well as those aged 8−12 years in SDIT Uchuwwatul Islam Bandung. The respondent were divided into two groups the intervention group and the control group. The sampling based on proportionate stratified random sampling. The statistical test using chi square test with the significance of test results is determined by the value of p<0.05. The results showed there were no differences in the characteristics of respondents in both groups, including age, education, occupation, and parity. Characteristics of mothers in the intervention and the control group was dominated by the age of 30−39, secondary education (high school, junior high school, not working, and parity multiparous. The percentage increase of knowledge score in the intervention group was better than the control group 25% vs 19%, p=0.001. Percentage increase of the children's physical activity score in the intervention group was better than the control group 78% vs 61%, p=0.602. Conclusion, SEHATI application is influential in increasing the knowledge of the mother and the physical activity of children of primary school age.

  10. PENDUGAAN UMUR SIMPAN DENGAN METODE ACCELERATED SHELF-LIFE TESTING PADA PRODUK BANDREK INSTAN DAN SIRUP BUAH PALA (MYRISTICA FRAGRANS

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    Didah Nur Faridah

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Traditional beverages can be made from the spices and can be processed further as instant powder drinks such as bandrek drink. The expiration date statement on the food packaging is a mandatory according to the Food Act No.7/1996 and the Government Regulation No. 69/1999 about Food Labelling and Advertising. The aim of this research was to estimate or to predict the shelf-life of instant bandrek drink produced at Sinarsari village and nutmeg syrup at Dramaga village, Dramaga district, Bogor regency. Shelf-life estimation of the two products was done by accelerated shelf-life testing method. Instant bandrek was predicted to have shelf-life for 341 days (11 months when stored at 80% RH, 30 °C, while the nutmeg syrup would be expired in 34-47 days when stored at 30 °C.

  11. ANALISIS KONSENTRASI GAS SESAAT DALAM KEMASAN MELALUI LUBANG BERUKURAN MICRO UNTUK MENGEMAS BUAH SEGAR DENGAN SISTIM KEMASAN ATMOSFIR TERMODIFIKASI

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    Yessy Rosalina

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Fruits can suddenly loose its quality, thus it needs a good packaging material with a suitable permebiality, so that gas exchange inside the packaging normally take place through film packaging. The increasing of permeability on plastic film can be done by giving perforation or a whole on its surface. This research is intended to find out the rate gas exchange through film packaging. In packaging system with modified atmosphire. The result of this research shows that the use of perforation with micro size (50-200 µm can increase the rate of gas transmission of plastic film toward O. Identification on packaging material which is used reveal that plastic permeability without perforation toward O2 is less than plastic permeability with 10 perforation. Gas equilibrium for 10 perforation packaging resulted on day 21 with gas concentration 0,001% (O2 and 0,000798 % (CO2. The approach by using mathemathic model is done to find out gas concentration inside the packaging during the storage. The model which is developed by Gonzales et al. (2008 nearly close to the result as the observation conducted.

  12. Kajian Dasar Mekanisme Pemisah Biji Buah Asam (Tamarindus indica Leguminosae sp dalam Rangka Perancangan Prototipe Mesin Pengolah Asam tanpa Biji

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    Husen Asbanu

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The process of fruit and seed separation on Tamarind is a challenge for agricultural mechanization technology that must be solved. The purpose of this study is to develop a basic study of the Tamarind fruit separation mechanism (Tamarindus indica sp as a part of design process on Tamarind seedless processing machine. Initial design of Tamarind seeds separation machine was made by studying the work of slashing unit and seed separation unit. Tamarind seedless processing machine consist of slicer and peeler. The slicer function is to slice the fruit before it sent into peeler unit which contains two cylindrical peeler. The peeler unit installed parallel so it let through the fruit pulp but still hold the Tamarind seeds that had been separated by the separator unit. Tamarind seeds separation prototype model has been succesfully made. Model testing was done by measuring the rotary speed of spindle peelers on 1065 rpm which considered work effectively for the test load of 100 grams, 200 grams and 300 grams. Further, shaft torque measurements in the process of peeling showed a significant increase in value and it is proportional to the increase in load level for all treatments. Greatest torque happened at 890 rpm rotation speed with a value of 1.45 Nm at 300 gram load. While the rotary speed of 1220 rpm produce 1.17 Nm torque at 300 grams load.

  13. PENGUJIAN ASAM LEMAK BEBAS DAN AKTIVITAS MIKROBA PADA BMC-MP-ASI BUAH SUKUN DAN KACANG BENGUK SELAMA PENYIMPANAN

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    Wisnu Satyajaya

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Free fatty acid and microbial activity of weaning food from bread fruit (Atocarpus communis and surly bean (Mucuna pruriens L during storage was evaluated in this research. Variables of research were consisted of duration of storage on 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks and also the using of polyetylene and alumunium foil. The result showed that product has fulfilled the SNI standard with level of : protein 15.42%, fat 6.74%, fiber 3.375%, water 3.63%, ash content 3.576% and carbohydrate 72.25. During storage, free fatty acid (FFA level and microba  increased and had significant effects between two kinds of packaging material where alumunium foil tended to have a better effect than that of polyetylene. Keywords : weaning food, bread fruit, slury bean, storage

  14. KAJIAN SIFAT FISIK, KIMIA DAN FISIOLOGI TERHADAP BEBERAPA TINGKAT KEMATANGAN BUAH RAMBUTAN VARIETAS SI MACAN DI KABUPATEN GUNUNG KIDUL YOGYAKARTA

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    Siti Nurhayati

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to determine theee effect of physical, chemical and physiological characteristic of several stages maturity of rambutan cultivar Simacan in Wonosari, Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta. This experimental research was conducted from March to May 2004 used a single factorial Randomized Complete Design (RCD, consisted of six levels, i.e.: A (Rambutan fruit with red stages of maturity, B (Rambutan fruit with yellowness red stages of  maturity, C (Rambutan fruit with yellow  stages of  maturity,  D (Rambutan fruit with greennes  yellow stages of  maturity, E (Rambutan fruit with green  stages of  maturity.  The treatment was done in three replications. The research result showed that (i According to the physical characteristics (weight of whole fruit, fruit flesh and flesh thickness, rambutan in red stages of maturity (84,340%, the highest sugar content was in the red stages of maturity (86,20%, the highest vitamin C content was in the red stages of maturity (29,151% and the highest total solution soluble was in the yellow stages of maturity (15,104% (iii. According to the physiological characteristics, the highest respiration rate was in the greenness yellow fruits stage of maturity ( 0,0495%. Based on the research, it is better for  farmers to harvest rambutan Simacan once they are in red stage. In this stage the rambutan will have its highest sugar, and vitamin C contents.

  15. DAYA HAMBAT EKSTRAK ETANOL KULIT BUAH PISANG KEPOK MENTAH (Musa paradisiaca forma typica TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN Escherichia coli SECARA IN VITRO¬

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    Novia Ariani

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Banana plants is the most one that produce and used by Indonesian people. Banana plants has a lot of kind, and the one is kepok banana. Kepok banana peel has used to make some kind of foods but for drug use is still limited whereas in banana peel contains secondary metabolites flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins and tannins has antibacterial activity. The purpose of this research was to determine resistivity of peel extract of raw banana kepok (Musa paradisiaca forma typica on the growth of Escherichia coli in vitro. This type of research is non experimental with the method of wells conducted in the laboratory of Microbiology of Pharmacy Academy of ISFI Banjarmasin. The sampling used by purposive sampling technique with certain criteria. To determination of resistibility saw the transparent zone around the well. The results of this research showed that bark extract of raw banana peel extract had inhibitory power to growth of Escherichia coli in vitro.

  16. Penetapan Kadar Vitamin C dari Buah Kedondong (Spondias dulcis Parkinson) Secara Volumetri Dengan 2,6-Diklorofenol Indofenol

    OpenAIRE

    Islami, Dewi

    2015-01-01

    Vitamin C is a vitamin that is needed by human body to increase immune system. Vitamin C can be obtained from Ambarella, an original fruit from Indonesia and liked by citizens. Vitamin C content from fruit is very determined by its variety and habitat. The purpose of this study is to determined vitamin C content of Bangkok Ambarella and Kendeng Ambarella of its pulp and peel. The samples used were Bangkok Ambarella and Kendeng Ambarella obtained from Pasar Sore Padang Bulan Medan. Vitamin ...

  17. Perilaku Konsumsi Sayur dan Buah Pada Mahasiswi Kesehatan dan Mahasiswi Non Kesehatan di Asrama Putri USU Tahun 2014

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    Haitamy, Muthia Salwa

    2015-01-01

    One of the balanced nutritional pyramid sections is consumption of fruits and vegetables. Fruit and vegetables are rich of food substances, such as vitamins and minerals, fibers plus antioxidant needed by the body. Fruits and vegetables are very seldom consumpted by the students thus the research will conducted. This research aims to know the difference between action of fruits and vegetables consumption covers knowledge, attitude and patterns consumption of fruits and veget...

  18. IDENTIFIKASI POTENSI SARI BUAH JERUK MENJADI LISTRIK SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR FISIKA MATERI ARUS LISTRIK SISWA SMP KELAS IX

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    Fitriyaningsih .

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was 1. To know potential of different citrus fruit juice varieties into electricity. 2. To know juice of citrus varieties that have the potential to be superior in electrical 3. To know piece of research that can be used as a learning resource. 4. To know learning resources that can be generated from the research. The place is a laboratory study was conducted of science, University of Muhammadiyah Metro May 25, 2014. Oranges juice were taken from five different varieties are citrus, lime, tangerine, grapefruit, and lime. There are three variations of existing experiments in the study of differences in varieties, differences in the distance between the electrodes, and the difference in volume. There are five treatments and five repetitions in this experiment. In the process the research data used ANOVA analysis of non-parametric Kruskal Wallis test. The experimental results showed that the juice that comes from different varieties have different potentials in into electricity. Lemon juice is the most superior varieties as electricity. Part of research that can be used as a learning resource that the pH value of each citrus varieties, the use of digital multitester, and the voltage generated. The results of this study can benefit as a learning resource in the form of worksheets. 

  19. AKTIVITAS HEPATOPROTEKTOR SARI BUAH LABU KUNING (Cucurbita moschata Duchesne. PADA TIKUS (Rattus norvergicus YANG DIINDUKSIKAN KARBON TETRAKLORIDA

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    Indrawan Aditya

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the plants that are often used in traditional medicine is the fruit of pumpkin used to treat hepatitis manner pumpkin fruit cut into small pieces and then steamed, then eaten .Pumpkin fruits contain active compounds such as saponins, tannins, flavonoids and beta-carotene. Beta-carotene is converted in the body into vitamin A is beneficial for the growth, maintenance of body tissues and to reduce the risk of cancer and heart disease. This study aims to determine pumpkin juice has a hepatoprotective activities on liver function by looking at parameters SGPT and SGOT in rats after induced CCl4. Type of experimental research using True Experimental research design design. Test animals were grouped into 5 groups, each group consisting of 3 rats. The first group of positive control (Methicol®, the second group negative control (CCl4, the third group of pumpkin juice 25%, the fourth group of pumpkin juice 50%, the fifth group of pumpkin juice 75%. From the results of this study concluded that the pumpkin juice 75% effective as a hepatoprotective by looking at parameters SGPT is 48 U/liter and SGOT is 66 U/liter in rats after induced carbon tetrachloride

  20. Pemanfaatan Limbah Buah Salak Pondoh Sebagai Substrat Nata De Salacca Melalui Aplikasi Bioteknologi di Dusun Tegal Domban, Sleman, Yogyakarta

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    Rarastoeti Pratiwi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Dusun Tegal Domban is one of the highest Salak Pondoh produce in Sleman District. However there is a problemfaced by salak farmers due to the overproduction and overripe which mightcause waste. Implementation of Biotechnology should be one of the alternativesolutions to overcome this problem. The aims of the program were to utilize the salak fruits wasteto produce Natade Salaccausing biological agents, such as Acetobacter xylinum, and to implement the education for sustainability development which subjected toa women organization PKK Dusun Tegal Domban who accompanyed by the team from Biotechnology Master Program UGM in order to learn how to produce Nata de Salacca. This program was initiated with the laboratory experiments to find the fine composotion of nata substrates to get the optimal nata product. The following action was to acompany the women who aplicate the nata production process. Results from the laboratory experiment showed that the best composition of substrat and water ratiowas 1:4, and the nata thickness was 0.62 cm, while the nata weight was 542.22 g. Those parameters were used for nata standard indicators.Results from the activities of nata production by women groups PKK Dusun Tegal Domban were showed the similar results with the nata standard for thickness, however nata weight was slightly lower than the nata standard.

  1. Analisis Kadar Protein Total Dan Non Protein Nitrogen Pada Air Dan Daging Buah Kelapa (Cocos Nucifera L.) Dengan Metode Kjeldahl

    OpenAIRE

    Margata, Linda

    2015-01-01

    In Indonesia, coconut palm is one of the big contributors for the economy of the people and nation. As food, coconut water and coconut meat contain some nutrients such as carbohydrates, fats, and also proteins. During maturation, changes in protein content of coconut water and coconut meat may happen. The purpose of this study was to determine the concentration of total protein and non protein nitrogen (NPN) in coconut water and coconut meat, and their changes in young and mature coconuts....

  2. MODEL PERUBAHAN VOLUME KERIPIK BUAH SELAMA PROSES PENGGORENGAN SECARA VAKUM [Model for Volume Changes in Fruit Chips during Vacuum Frying

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    Jamaluddin1*

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Expansion and puffing are specific characteristics of fried products critical for consumer preferences. To obtain expanded and puffed dried products that fit well with consumer acceptance criteria, it is necessary to pay attention to the process conditions which change the raw material characteristics during frying. The important changes include volume and density ratio of the products during frying. Hypothetically, these changes are due to water vaporization and the decrease dry matter in the products. The objective of this research is to develop a mathematical model of volume and density ratio changes for jack fruit during vacuum frying as a function of water and starch content reductions. Samples were vacuum fried at 70–100OC and pressure of 80-90 kPa for 15–60 min. The parameters observed were volume and density as well as water and starch contents of samples before and after vacuum frying. The results showed that the developed model can be used to predict changes in volume and density ratio of jack fruit during vacuum frying.

  3. IDENTIFIKASI CHARACTER IMPACT ODORANTS BUAH KAWISTA (Feronia Limonia) [Identification of Character Impact Odorants of Wood Apple Fruit (Feronia Limonia)

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    Anton Apriyantono1); Bakti Kumara2)

    2004-01-01

    The volatiles of the kawista fruit (wood apple) were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and a combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). Character impact odorants of the fruits were systematically characterized by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) with GC-Olfactometry (GC-O). A total of 75 compounds were identified, including 28 esters, 11 alcohols, 10 aldehydes, 1 acetal, 10 ketones, 4 lactones, 1 heterocyclic, 4 aliphatic hydrocarbons, 1 furan and 5 acids. However, only 44...

  4. Identifikasi Kematangan Buah Tropika Berbasis Sistem Penciuman Elektronik Menggunakan Deret Sensor Gas Semikonduktor dengan Metode Jaringan Syarat Tiruan

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    Arief Sudarmaji

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The research aimed to design the systems of tropical fruit maturity identification based on electronic nose using Array SnO2 semiconductor gas sensor. The research utilized five TGS sensors, namely TGS2600, TGS2602, TGS813, TGS2611, and TGS2612. The array sensor outputs are acquired by personal computer through interface unit based on microcontroller Atmega 8535. The acquisitions are made every 0.5 seconds for a minute for each sensor output. Then, it was determined the average sensor output as an input for Artificial Neural Network (ANN which used Multi Layer Perceptron (MLP architecture with three layers. ANN Training applied Backpropagation algorithm. The results showed the sensor output responses vary by the level of maturity of fruit. The obtained training yielded the architecture of ANN for the fruit maturity identification system were 5 inputs and 4 outputs with a number of hidden layer neurons for oranges and strawberries was 16 while for tomatoes was 32. The identification application showed that the successful identification percentage of orange was 93.75%, 75% of strawberries, and 81.25% of tomatoes. Overall success rate of detecting the level of maturity of fruit (oranges, strawberries, and tomatoes was 83.33%.

  5. Pendugaan Parameter Genetik Karakter Umur Panen dan Bobot Per Buah pada Persilangan Cabai Besar dan Cabai Rawit (Capsicum Annuum L.)

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    Arif, Abdullah B; Oktaviana, Linda; Sujiprihati, Sriani; Syukur, Muhamad

    2014-01-01

    Estimation of Genetic Parameter on Days to Harvest and Weight Per Fruit Characters of Hybrization Chilli and Cayyenne Papper (Capsicum annuum L.). Abdullah B. Arif, Linda Oktaviana, Sriani Sujiprihati, and Muhamad Syukur. Selection method is one of the most important factors in determining the success of pepper breeding programs. Selection method will be effective if it is supported by a complete knowledge of genetic character inheritance. The objective of this study was to aim information of...

  6. Uji Preferensi Beberapa Limbah Sebagai Atraktan Dalam Mengendalikan Hama Lalat Buah ( Bactrocera sp. ) (Diptera: Tephtritidae) Pada Tanaman Jeruk di Laboratorium

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    Panjaitan, Irayanti

    2017-01-01

    The objective of the research was to know the preferences test of some waste as attractant to control fruit flies in Pest Laboratory. This research was conducted in Pest Laboratory of the Agriculture Faculty, University of Sumatera Utara (± 25 m asl) from April until Juny 2016. This research was using non-factorial Randomized Block Design with 5 treatments and 4 replications, which are : A0 (water), A1 (waste of tahu), A2 (waste of tempe), A3 (waste of cocoa) and A4 (waste of orange peel). ...

  7. Kadar Lipid Darah Mencit Betina Middle-Aged Galur Swiss Webster setelah Pemberian Jus Buah Pare (Momordica charantia L.

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    Rita Shintawati

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Ovarian aging has been noted in some vertebrate animals and human being, indicated by low estrogen level. This is related to enhancement of lipid (obesity and some metabolic diseases such as hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular disease, etc. Pare juice (Momordica charantia L., contains of abundant advantageous bioactivities, such as hypoglycemic effect, antioxidant, hypocholesterolemic, and hypotrigliseridemic. This research purposed was to determine blood lipid levels of mice at the age of middle-aged after being given pare juice. The experimental animal used 25 females mice of 10 months old (middle-aged on March–April 2010 at Physiology Laboratory Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia and Veteriner Medicine IPB, divided into five different treatment groups (controle positive, controle negative, 0.5 mL/40 g bw, 1.0 mL/40 g bw, and 1.5 mL/40 g bw which were fed with pare juice for 10 days. Completely randomized design was used in this research. Results showed that pare juice reduced lower body weight of mice (p<0.05 at all doses. Pare juice did not reduce total cholesterol levels, but increased HDL (p<0.05 at all doses. Other parameters to pare juice reduced triglyceride levels at doses of 1.5 mL/40 g BW (p<0.05 and LDL levels at dose 0.5 mL/40 g BW (136.49 mg/dL. In conclusions, pare juice can stabilize triglyseride and LDL cholesterol level at dose 0.5 mL/40 g BW and increases HDL cholesterol, but has no influence to total cholesterol.

  8. Pemanfaatan Limbah Pulp Buah Semangka (Citrullus vulgaris, Schard) Untuk Pembuatan Nata De Watermelon Pulp Dengan Menggunakan Bakteri Acetobacter xylinum

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    Mawaddah

    2011-01-01

    This research done to know can or not the waste of watermelon pulp use to produce nata and how the effect of mass variation using to nata’s quality. This research was done with mass variation of watermelon pulp that is 10 g, 20 g, 30 g, 40 g, 50 g, 60 g, and watermelon pulp without adding sugar as control. Statistical analysis count the thickness, water content, ash content, fiber content and organoleptic test of texture, color, aroma, and taste of nata de watermelon pulp. The result show...

  9. Pertanyaan dan nasihat dokter untuk konsumsi sayur dan buah: penelitian potong lintang pada 10 puskesmas di Yogyakarta dan Sleman

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    Yayi Suryo Prabandari

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Mortality caused by noncommunicable disease (NCD has increased in the last ten years in Indonesia in line with the elevation of NCD prevalence. The NCD mortality and prevalence can be prevented by practicing a healthy lifestyle. One of a healthy lifestyle is adequate vegetable and fruit consumption that unfortunately was still far from expectation in the Basic Health Survey 2007 and 2010. Puskesmas as primary health care should anticipate the problem by encouraging doctor to routinely ask and educate on a healthy lifestyle. Objective: This study aimed to assess physician ask and advice on vegetable and fruit consumption based on patient and physician report. Method: Two hundred and fifty-one patients from primary health care (Puskesmas in Yogyakarta City and Sleman District participated in this cross-sectional survey. Subsequently, a survey of 57 physicians was conducted. Data were collected by structured questionnaires and exit interviews. We analyzed the data using Chi-Square test and logistic regression. Results: The results showed that patients have been asked and advice about vegetable and fruit consumption. However, the proportion of physician report was higher than the proportion of patient’s report. Patient who had gastrointestinal disorder, had body weight problem, suffered from diabetics and cardiovascular diseases were more being asked and educated about vegetable and fruit consumption than other symptoms or diseases. Patients who were female, not married and did not eat vegetable and fruit everyday reported more being asked and advised by doctor on fruit and vegetable consumption than patients who were male, married and did not regularly eat fruit and vegetable. There was no difference of patient’ s perception of the relation between their disease and fruit and vegetables consumption based on characteristics, symptoms, disease and the frequency of eating fruit and vegetable. Conclusion: Primary health care physician has asked and advised patient about vegetable and fruit consumption although did not routinely practice it. Delivering advice as part of patient education on high fiber diet should be included in the national insurance scheme, so that physician will routinely educate patient.

  10. BRINE SHRIMP LETHALITY TEST (BSLT DARI BERBAGAI FRAKSI EKSTRAK DAGING BUAH DAN KULIT BIJI MAHKOTA DEWA (Phaleria macrocarpa

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    Vivi Lisdawati

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Biological activity of a natural product involved in several certain characteristics will influence its pharmaceutical application. Secondary metabolites, considered as chemical compounds, are now thought to mediate plant defense mechanism by providing chemical barriers against animal and microbial predators. Brine Shrimp Lethality Test (BSLT method has been used as preliminary test for screening the activity of chemical compounds in n­ hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol extracts from mesocarp and seeds of Phaleria macrocarpa, fam. Thymelaeaceae. BSLT method used shrimp larvas of Artemia salina L. to study the mortality effect that was caused by the sample extracts. All of crude extracts showed bioactivity with LC50 values from 0.16 to 11.83 µg/ml (baseline 1000 µg/ml. It means, at the concentration the crude extracts can cause 50% mortality of A. salina L. shrimp larvas, after 24 hours incubation. These results clearly indicate that crude extracts of P. macrocarpa showed high potential biological activity.

  11. Pengaruh Cara Aplikasi Minyak Suling Melaleuca bracteata dan Metil Eugenol terhadap Daya Pikat Lalat Buah Bactrocera dorsalis

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    Agus Kardinan

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Research has been conducted at farmer’s fruit garden in Cilebut area, Bogor during 1997–1998. The objective is to know the effect of some application techniques of oil distilled from Melaleuca bracteata leaves on trapping fruit fly. Research consisted of three activities, those were the effect of some techniques of application on trapping fruit flies (I weekly, (2 in two weeks and (3 the effects of some concentrations of methyl eugenol (ME on trapping fruit fly. All treatments were hung at the fruit trees as high as 1.5 m. Observations were done in the number and gender of fruit flies trapped weekly and two-weekly. Result revealed that melaleuca distilled oil can be applied either by dropping into water or into cotton ball. Melaleuca leaves distilled oil should be applied once in two weeks, since its effectiveness lasted for two weeks only. The minimum concentration of methyl eugenol which could fruit flies effectively was 57%. Key words: Melaleuca bracteata, Bactrocera dorsalis

  12. Penggunaan Hot Water Treatment dan CaCl2 untuk Mencegah Kerusakan Fisiologis Buah Belimbing (Averrhoa carambola L.

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    Siti Trinurasih

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Demand and productivity of starfruit have been increased every year. With that potency, starfruit could determined as national fruit commodityto be exported. One of the obstacle that encountered by fruit export from Indonesia was the high attack of pest or fruit fly which caused many fruit do not qualify in the quarantine process. Moreover, the problem of postharvest handling should be more focused because the starfruit was perishable commodity. In this research, postharvest handling was combination of hot water treatment and soaking in CaCl2 solution. This research used starfruit variety of Dewi with ripeness index of level 4. Samples treated with hot water treatment (HWT with three levels (35oC for 60’; 45oC for 40’ and 55oC for 15’. After HWT, samples treated with soaking in CaCl2 solution at three level treatments (60’; 40’; dan 20’. The results showed that HWT was very significantly affected on overall starfruit quality during storage, whereas treatment of soaking in CaCl2 solution wasn’t significantly affected on starfruit quality. Meanwhile, combination of HWT and CaCl2 were significantly affected to respiration rate, weight shrinkage, brightness level, yellow-blue pulp level, and panelists acceptance toward flavor and aroma. Treatment of HWT 55ºC for 15 minutes, softening of fruit pulp cannot be avoided because of the heat injury. Combination of HWT 45ºC for 40 minutes and 4% CaCl2 for 60 minutes can maintain quality till 24th day panelist acceptance test.

  13. Uji aktivitas antioksidan ekstrak air dan ekstrak metanol beberapa varian buah kenitu (Chrysophyllum cainito L. dari daerah Jember

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    Moch. Amrun H.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Star apple or Chrysophyllum cainito L., family Sapotaceae; which is indigenous in Central America has been grown locally arround Jember, East Java. Ethnobotanical data exhibits its medicinal properties such as: soothing inflammation in laringitis and pneumonia, treatment for diabetes mellitus and cancer remedy which are related to free radical mechanism. Therefore, it is necessary to determine its free radical scavenger activity. There are three types of Jember’s star apple fruit (local name: kenitu: big size, green color with round shape (kenitu hijau bulat; medium size, green color with oval shape (kenitu hijau lonjong; and small size, red purplish color with round shape (kenitu merah bulat. Previous research shown that both water and methanol extracts of kenitu hijau lonjong has DPPH free radical scavenger activity as its antioxidant capacity. In recent research the DPPH free radical scavenger activity was performed on both water and methanol extract of these three types of kenitu. The results showed that kenitu merah bulat exhibits the highest antioxidant activity of these three types with IC50 = 426.118 and 169.094 ppm for methanol and water extracts sequentially in 60th minutes.

  14. Pengaruh pemberian aditif cair buah naga merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus terhadap performa burung puyuh betina umur 16-50 hari

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    Vernanda Windi Laksmita

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The research aimed to know the effect of a liquid additive red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus on the performance of quail females aged 16-50 days with different treatment. The research was conducted at cage of Non Ruminant Feed Nutrition Science Laboratory, Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed, Animal Agriculture Faculty, Diponegoro University on September-December 2015. The research design based on Completely Randomized Design (CRD, with the control treatment and treatment liquid additives red dragon fruit twice a day, once a day and two days one. Each treatment was 5 times repeated. The parameters measured were feed consumption, weight gain, feed conversion and feed efficiency. The results showed that the treatment was not significant (P> 0.05 effects on feed consumption, weight gain, feed conversion and feed efficiency in quail. The average of T0, T1, T2 and T3 which feed consumption of 15.64; 15.85; 15.67 and 15.80 g/ head/day, weight gain of 118.70; 121.00; 124.20 and 126.90 g/head, feed conversion of 4.62; 4.58; 4.43 and 4.38 and feed efficiency of 21.68; 21.98; 22.65 and 22.92%. The conclusion is the treatment of a liquid additive red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus on quail resulted in feed consumption, weight gain, feed conversion and feed efficiency were similar to the control treatment that has not been able to improve the performance of quail aged 16-50 days. Keywords : quail, red dragon fruit, feed consumption, performances

  15. Pengaruh pemberian aditif cair buah naga merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus terhadap kecernaan proein, energi metabolis dan produksi telur burung puyuh

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    Rika Dwi Astuti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The study was aimed to evaluate the effect of liquid additive red dragon fruit as the addition of drinking water on the digestibility of protein, metabolizable energy and the production of quail eggs. Experimental animals used in the research were 200 female quails, 7 day old with average body weight of 13.61 ± 0.49 g. The experiment used a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 5 replications : T0 (control, T1 (addition of a liquid additive red dragon fruit about 5 ml twice a day, T2 (once a day and T3 (two days on time. The parameters measured were feed intake, digestibility of protein, metabolizable energy and production of quail eggs. Data were analyzed using a variety of F test at the level 5%, followed by Duncan’s Multiple Range test when there are significant effects on the treatment. The results showed that liquid additives red dragon fruit was not significant (P>0.05 on the digestibility of protein, metabolizable energy and the production of quail eggs. In conclusion, the adition of liquid additives reddragon fruit did not increase digestibility of protein, metabolizable energy and the production of quail eggs. Keywords: digestibility of crude protein, quail, quail egg production, red dragon fruit

  16. IDENTIFIKASI CHARACTER IMPACT ODORANTS BUAH KAWISTA (Feronia Limonia [Identification of Character Impact Odorants of Wood Apple Fruit (Feronia Limonia

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    Anton Apriyantono1

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available The volatiles of the kawista fruit (wood apple were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC and a combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS. Character impact odorants of the fruits were systematically characterized by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA with GC-Olfactometry (GC-O. A total of 75 compounds were identified, including 28 esters, 11 alcohols, 10 aldehydes, 1 acetal, 10 ketones, 4 lactones, 1 heterocyclic, 4 aliphatic hydrocarbons, 1 furan and 5 acids. However, only 44 volatiles were detected by GC-O. Among these, compounds with the most impact were ethyl butyrate (fruity, sweet, banan-likeand methyl butyrate (fruit, sour with a flavor dilution factor of 256 and 64, respectively. Based on AEDA results, butyric acid, 3-mathyl valeric acid, 1-octen-3-ol, pentyl isobutyrate, 2-ethyl hexanoic acid, ethyl octanoate, gamma-decalactone, 2,3-pentanedione, 3-octanone, 5-methyl-3-heptanone, 9-methyl-5-undecene and (E-2-hexenyl butyrate seem to contribute to kawista fruit flavor

  17. SCREENING FITOKIMIA, AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN DAN ANTIMIKROBA PADA BUAH JERUK LEMON(Citrus limon DAN JERUK NIPIS (Citrus aurantiifolia

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    Anindya Nirmala Permata

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The desire to live healthy by eating natural foods and drinks into the lifestyle of the community. Orange becomes one of the fruits that become functional food to maintain and maintain health. The purpose of this research is to know the difference of antioxidant and antimicrobial activity on Citrus limon and Citrus aurantiifolia. The research method is laboratory experimental research with descriptive analysis. This research was conducted in February-April 2017 at the Laboratory of Plant Biological Microbiology and Plant Chemistry Department of Biology State University of Malang. Phytochemical screening by color reaction method, total phenol with Folin Ciocalteu method, antioxidant activity with DPPH method and antimicrobial activity with disc method. Screening results show the presence of saponins and alkaloids but there are no flavonoids, terpenoids and tannins. Total phenol test showed total phenol content in Lemon (Citrus limon of 110,25 mg GAE / 100ml while in Lime (Citrus aurantiifolia 116,5 mg GAE / 100ml. The antioxidant activity of Lemon Citrus (Citrus limon 49.593 g / ml and Lime (Citrus aurantiifolia 49.589g / ml. Antimicrobial activity test obtained the highest zone of resistance at 100% concentration of each citrus fruit. The conclusion of this study is that there is a difference of antioxidant and antimicrobial activity in both oranges, where the lemon fruits (C.limon antioxidant activity is higher than and Lime (C. aurantiifolia, while the antimicrobial activity of lemon (C. aurantiifolia is higher Rather than lemon (C.limon.

  18. Penggunan Natrium Metabisulfit (Na2S2O5 sebagai pemutih Pektin dari Kulit Buah Pepaya (Carica papaya L.,

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    Chintya Aulia Elfitri

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Pectin washigh value functional foods which widely useful in food industry because its ability to form watery gel. One of the most pectin source is papaya’s peel. The problem is drying process on food can make colour change to be brown  like on papaya peels’s pectin. Natrium metabisulphite can we use to avoid that. The purpose of this research is was get the best concentrate of natrium metabisulphite to make better quality from papaya peel’s pectin asspecialy in its colour. This research used Completedly Randomized Design (CRD with five treatments and four replications. The treatments were increased  natrium metabisulphite (0%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.15% and 0.2% on sulfitation process. The value of observation were analyzed using Analysis of Varians followed by Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test (DNMRT on 5% level. The result of this research showed that increasing of natrium metabisulphite on sulfitation process given significants effect to the numbers of Yield pectin, water content and jelly colour but not significants on ash content, methoxyl content, viscosity and time of jelly. The result of this research got average values of yield pectin is 9.64-10.61%, water content is 6.18-7.00%, ash content is 4.69-4.78%, methoxyl contentis 3.32-3.42%, viscosity 30.02-30.23 cP, time of jelly is 14.21-14.23 minutes and jellycolour is dark brown until light brown.

  19. UJI AKTIVITAS EKSTRAK ETANOL BUAH PARE (Momordica charantia L. TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH PADA MENCIT PUTIH JANTAN

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    Aditya Maulana Perdana Putra

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Degenerative disease is a disease that causes damage or destruction of tissues or organs of the body due to unhealthy lifestyle where one of them is diabetes mellitus disease. The increasing number of sufferers from year to year and expensive treatment encourages some people to seek alternative medicine. which is widely used as a traditional medicine is pare (Momordica Charantia. Pare contains a lot of secondary metabolites that allegedly can lower blood glucose levels with various mechanisms of action. This is the basis of this research. The purpose of this study was to find out whether the pare extract can lower blood glucose levels of mice and get the optimal dose of pare ethanol extract that can be used to lower blood glucose levels of mice. The sample of the research was the extract of pare (Momordica charantia L. in Bati-bati sub-district which was ± 3 months old. The test animals used in this study were 25 white male mice aged 3 months with an average weight of 20-40 g. The method used was oral glucose tolerance test with five treatment groups: positive control (metformin 90mg / kgBW, ethanol extract group of 50mg / kgBW, 75mg / kgBB and 100mg / kgBW and negative control group (aquadest 0,5ml / 20grBW. The results showed that pare contains alkaloids and steroids. Provision of ethanol extract of pine fruit at doses of 75 mg / kgBW can decrease the blood glucose level of white mice (Mus musculus significantly P <0.05. Thus, the extract of ethanol pare fruit can be used as a decrease in blood reduction effect of white male mice glucose level glucose levels.

  20. Identifikasi berat, diameter, dan tebal daging buah melon (Cucumis melo L. kultivar action 434 tetraploid akibat perlakuan kolkisin

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    Y. Ulung Anggraito

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian farmers are very dependence on certificated seed from another countries. In the other side the natural resources andmen powers very abundance. For these reason it is properly developed the research in agriculture sector, especially on plants breeding.It can be hoped that in the future the dependence on certificated seed from another countries can be minimized. The objective of thisresearch were: (1 to find out the concentration and dipping period which is effective to induce polyploid in musk melon plant, (2identify the weight, diameter, dan flesh thickness of tetraploid musk melon as result of colchicines treatment. The sample of this researchwas Action 434 musk melon cultivar, product of Chia-Thai Seed, Thailand. The number of sample was 480 plants, which plants on fieldrandomly. There were four colchicines concentration as an independent variable: 0.0%, 0.05%, 0.10% and 0.2%. The dipping periodwere 12, 16, 20, and 24 hours for each concentration respectively. Completely Random Design was used in three replications. Datameasurement were analyzed with Two Way ANOVA, DMRT, and LSD. From this research can be concluded that: (1 0.2 % colchicinesis the most effective concentration to induce polyploid on musk melon, with dipping period effective varied from 16–24 hours, (2 thereare changes in weight, diameter, and flesh thickness characters, with the increased tendency of each character in definite norm.

  1. Perubahan Komposisi Kimia Kulit Buah Kakao Akibat Penambahan Mangan dan Kalsium dalam Biokonversi dengan Kapang Phanerochaete chrysosporium

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    Suparjo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Bioconversion is a method to increase quality of high lignocellulose-containing feedstuffs. Fermentation occurs during bioconversion is influenced primarily by length of fermentation and mineral supplementation to the medium. This study was aimed at determining the effect of these two factors on dry matter (DM, organic matter (OM, neutral detergent fiber (NDF and acid detergent fiber (ADF, and cellulose-to-lignin ratio of cocoa pod incubated with Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Twenty four treatments containing of 4 mineral supplementations (no mineral, Ca, Mn, and Ca+Mn and 6 different lengths of fermentation (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 days were designed randomly to 72 fermentation glass jars in a 4x6 factorial arrangement. Length of fermentation had significant effect on all parameters measured. Mineral significantly affected changes of DM and OM, NDF and ADF content, and cellulose-to-lignin ratio, but not DM and OM content. In conclusion, supplementation of Ca to cocoa pod incubated with P. chrysosporium for 15 days contributed positively (P<0.05 to changes of OM (13.83% and DM (11.30%. The cellulose-to-lignin ratio of 1.34 was the optimum result of Mn supplementation for 10 days incubation.

  2. Pengaruh Inokulasi Lactobacillus plantarum dan Saccharomyces cerevisiae terhadap Fermentasi dan Kecernaan In Vitro Silase Kulit Buah Kakao

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    Muhammad Askari Zakariah

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to identify the effect of L. plantarum and S. cerevisiae mixed culture inoculation into cocoa pods silage on chemical composition and in vitro digestibility. The four treatments were: 1 kg freshly harvested cocoa pods without inoculants as control (K; K + L. plantarum (KLp; K + S. cerevisiae (KSc; and K + L. plantarum and S. cerevisiae mixture (KLp+Sc 0.1% dry matter, Cassava meal were added in all treatments. Each treatment was replicated 3 times, and then fermented for 21 days. Parameters observed in current study were gas test production, ruminal fermentation parameter, and in vitro digestibility. The collected data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and followed by Duncan’s new Multiple Range Test for data with significant differences. Result showed that the mixed culture Lp+Sc inoculation increased (P<0.05 chemical quality of cocoa pods by reducing fibre fraction and increase NFE contents, increased degradation rate, degradation theory, reduced rumen pH, and propionate acid production, without affecting acetate to propionate ratio, microbial protein synthesis, and digestibility of cocoa pod silage.

  3. Ketahanan 25 Genotipe Tomat (Solanum lycopersicum Mill. terhadap Pecah Buah dan Korelasinya dengan Karakter-karakter Lain

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    Sri Wahyuni

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTFruit cracking is one of the major constraints in tomato production in lowland areas. This reduces fruit quality and quantity both as freshmarket and processed fruits. The objective of this study was to determine the resistance of 25 tomato genotypes to fruit cracking, correlation to others characters and their genetic similarity. The experiment was conducted from April until August 2012 at Leuwikopo Field Station, Bogor Agricultural University. A randomized complete block design was used with three replications. Fruit crack index was used to evaluate tomato fruit crack resistance. Correlation and impacts of variables were analyzed by path analysis. The genetic similarity was analyzed by clustering analysis. Result of resistance evaluation showed that fruit crack index of 25 tomato genotypes ranged from 0.00 to 20.58. Fruit crack index was directly related to percentage of  fruit crack weight per plant, percentage of number of fruit crack per plant and total soluble solids. Cluster analysis showed that the genotypes could be clustered into four groups.Keywords: clustering analysis, genetic diversity, path analysis

  4. Effect of Morinda citrifolia (Noni-Enriched Diet on Hepatic Heat Shock Protein and Lipid Metabolism-Related Genes in Heat Stressed Broiler Chickens

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    Joshua Flees

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Heat stress (HS has been reported to alter fat deposition in broilers, however the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well-defined. The objectives of the current study were, therefore: (1 to determine the effects of acute (2 h and chronic (3 weeks HS on the expression of key molecular signatures involved in hepatic lipogenic and lipolytic programs, and (2 to assess if diet supplementation with dried Noni medicinal plant (0.2% of the diet modulates these effects. Broilers (480 males, 1 d were randomly assigned to 12 environmental chambers, subjected to two environmental conditions (heat stress, HS, 35°C vs. thermoneutral condition, TN, 24°C and fed two diets (control vs. Noni in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Feed intake and body weights were recorded, and blood and liver samples were collected at 2 h and 3 weeks post-heat exposure. HS depressed feed intake, reduced body weight, and up regulated the hepatic expression of heat shock protein HSP60, HSP70, HSP90 as well as key lipogenic proteins (fatty acid synthase, FASN; acetyl co-A carboxylase alpha, ACCα and ATP citrate lyase, ACLY. HS down regulated the hepatic expression of lipoprotein lipase (LPL and hepatic triacylglycerol lipase (LIPC, but up-regulated ATGL. Although it did not affect growth performance, Noni supplementation regulated the hepatic expression of lipogenic proteins in a time- and gene-specific manner. Prior to HS, Noni increased ACLY and FASN in the acute and chronic experimental conditions, respectively. During acute HS, Noni increased ACCα, but reduced FASN and ACLY expression. Under chronic HS, Noni up regulated ACCα and FASN but it down regulated ACLY. In vitro studies, using chicken hepatocyte cell lines, showed that HS down-regulated the expression of ACCα, FASN, and ACLY. Treatment with quercetin, one bioactive ingredient in Noni, up-regulated the expression of ACCα, FASN, and ACLY under TN conditions, but it appeared to down-regulate ACCα and increase ACLY levels under HS exposure. In conclusion, our findings indicate that HS induces hepatic lipogenesis in chickens and this effect is probably mediated via HSPs. The modulation of hepatic HSP expression suggest also that Noni might be involved in modulating the stress response in chicken liver.

  5. Effect of Morinda citrifolia (Noni)-Enriched Diet on Hepatic Heat Shock Protein and Lipid Metabolism-Related Genes in Heat Stressed Broiler Chickens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flees, Joshua; Rajaei-Sharifabadi, Hossein; Greene, Elizabeth; Beer, Lesleigh; Hargis, Billy M; Ellestad, Laura; Porter, Tom; Donoghue, Annie; Bottje, Walter G; Dridi, Sami

    2017-01-01

    Heat stress (HS) has been reported to alter fat deposition in broilers, however the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well-defined. The objectives of the current study were, therefore: (1) to determine the effects of acute (2 h) and chronic (3 weeks) HS on the expression of key molecular signatures involved in hepatic lipogenic and lipolytic programs, and (2) to assess if diet supplementation with dried Noni medicinal plant (0.2% of the diet) modulates these effects. Broilers (480 males, 1 d) were randomly assigned to 12 environmental chambers, subjected to two environmental conditions (heat stress, HS, 35°C vs. thermoneutral condition, TN, 24°C) and fed two diets (control vs. Noni) in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Feed intake and body weights were recorded, and blood and liver samples were collected at 2 h and 3 weeks post-heat exposure. HS depressed feed intake, reduced body weight, and up regulated the hepatic expression of heat shock protein HSP60, HSP70, HSP90 as well as key lipogenic proteins (fatty acid synthase, FASN; acetyl co-A carboxylase alpha, ACCα and ATP citrate lyase, ACLY). HS down regulated the hepatic expression of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and hepatic triacylglycerol lipase (LIPC), but up-regulated ATGL. Although it did not affect growth performance, Noni supplementation regulated the hepatic expression of lipogenic proteins in a time- and gene-specific manner. Prior to HS, Noni increased ACLY and FASN in the acute and chronic experimental conditions, respectively. During acute HS, Noni increased ACCα, but reduced FASN and ACLY expression. Under chronic HS, Noni up regulated ACCα and FASN but it down regulated ACLY. In vitro studies, using chicken hepatocyte cell lines, showed that HS down-regulated the expression of ACCα, FASN, and ACLY. Treatment with quercetin, one bioactive ingredient in Noni, up-regulated the expression of ACCα, FASN, and ACLY under TN conditions, but it appeared to down-regulate ACCα and increase ACLY levels under HS exposure. In conclusion, our findings indicate that HS induces hepatic lipogenesis in chickens and this effect is probably mediated via HSPs. The modulation of hepatic HSP expression suggest also that Noni might be involved in modulating the stress response in chicken liver.

  6. Lipid profiles of blood serum and fatty acid composition of meat of hybrid duck fed diet supplemented with Noni (Morinda citrifolia fruit meal

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    David Kurniawan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Noni fruit is a medicinal plant with biological activity like antioxidant that could potentially be used as a feed additive in poultry. This research investigated the effect of noni fruit powder as feed additive on lipid profiles of blood and meat fatty acid compositions of meat of hybrid duck. One hundred twenty 2-week-old hybrid ducks crossing between Peking and Khaki Campbell duck were subjected. They were randomly allotted to 24 experimental units. Each experimental unit was 70x80x40 cm in size and it was used for 5 ducks up to they reached 56 days of age. Each unit was equipped with waterer and feeder. The ducks were raised on litter-type floor. The basal experimental diet was formulated according to the standards of National Research Council (1994. The method used for this study was experimental with 4 different treatments in 6 replications. The treatments were as follow: P0: basal feed without supplementation of noni fruit powder as control; P1: basal feed + 1 % noni fruit powder; P2: basal feed + 2 % noni fruit powder; P3: basal feed + 3 % noni fruit powder. Data were analyzed by one-way of Completely Randomized Design ANOVA and if there was significant effect followed by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. Result showed that using noni fruit powder as feed additive had no significant effect (P>0.05 on lipid profiles of blood and fatty acid composition of meat.

  7. In Silico Prediction of the Anti-Depression Mechanism of a Herbal Formula (Tiansi Liquid Containing Morinda officinalis and Cuscuta chinensis

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    Dan Cheng

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Depression is a sickening psychiatric condition that is prevalent worldwide. To manage depression, the underlying modes of antidepressant effect of herbals are important to be explored for the development of natural drugs. Tiansi Liquid is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM that is prescribed for the management of depression, however its underlying mechanism of action is still uncertain. The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate the pharmacological mode of action of a herbal formula used in TCM for the treatment of depression. Methods: Based on literature search, an ingredients-targets database was developed for Tiansi Liquid, followed by the identification of targets related to depression. The interaction between these targets was evaluated on the basis of protein-protein interaction network constructed by STITCH and gene ontology (GO enrichment analysis using ClueGO plugin. Results: As a result of literature search, 57 components in Tiansi Liquid formula and 106 potential targets of these ingredients were retrieved. A careful screening of these targets led to the identification of 42 potential targets associated with depression. Ultimately, 327 GO terms were found by analysis of gene functional annotation clusters and abundance value of these targets. Most of these terms were found to be closely related to depression. A significant number of protein targets such as IL10, MAPK1, PTGS2, AKT1, APOE, PPARA, MAPK1, MIF, NOS3 and TNF-α were found to be involved in the functioning of Tiansi Liquid against depression. Conclusions: The findings elaborate that Tiansi Liquid can be utilized to manage depression, however, multiple molecular mechanisms of action could be proposed for this effect. The observed core mechanisms could be the sensory perception of pain, regulation of lipid transport and lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway.

  8. Morinda Revisited: Changes in Nutritional Well-being and Gender Differences After 30 Years of Rapid Economic Growth in Rural Punjab India

    OpenAIRE

    F. James Levinson; Sucheta Mehra; Dorothy Levinson; Anita Kumari Chauhan; Guy Koppe; Brian Bence; Astier M. Almedom

    2003-01-01

    A follow-up study of malnutrition and its determinants among children 6-24 months of age was carried out in rural areas of Punjab state in India 30 years after the original study, and following a period of rapid economic growth. The original 1971 study had found a high prevalence of mortality and malnutrition, and the worst gender difference in nutritional status ever recorded in an Indian study. The 2001 follow-up study found dramatic reductions in child mortality, child malnutrition, gender...

  9. The Efficiency of Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) Essential Oil on the Control of Leaf Spot Caused by Exserohilum turcicum in Maize Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Janaina Costa E; Mourão, Dalmarcia de Sousa Carlos; Lima, Fabia Silva de Oliveira; Sarmento, Renato de Almeida; Dalcin, Mateus Sunti; Aguiar, Raimundo Wagner de Souza; Santos, Gil Rodrigues Dos

    2017-08-14

    The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of noni essential oil on the control of Exserohilum turcicum , a causative agent of Exserohilum spot in maize culture. In the sanitary test 400 seeds were incubated using the blotter test method. For the transmissibility test, the fragments of damaged leaves of seedlings were removed and put into a potato, dextrose and agar (PDA) culture environment. To verify the pathogenicity, Koch´s postulates were performed. In the phytotoxicity test different concentrations of noni oil were applied in maize seedlings. E. turcicum conidia were submitted to different concentrations of noni oil. In the preventive and curative tests noni essential oils were applied before and after the conidia inoculation, respectively. The results revealed the presence of fungi of the genres Aspergillus , Penicillium , Rhizopus , Fusarium , and Exserohilum in the maize seeds. The pathogenicity of E. turcicum and also the transmission of this fungus from the seeds to the maize seedlings was confirmed. The inhibition of conidia germination was proportional to the concentration increase. The preventive application of noni essential oil was the most efficient on the control of Exserohilum spot.

  10. Factors affecting methanol content of fermented plant beverage ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors affecting methanol content of fermented plant beverage containing Morinda citrifolia. Chaiyavat Chaiyasut, Supakan Jantavong, Chakkrapong Kruatama, Sartjin Peerajan, Sasithorn Sirilun, Lalida Shank ...

  11. Etude ethnobotanique des plantes utilisées dans le traitement de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , Allium cepa, Baphia nitida, Carissa spinarum, Elaeis guineensis, Garcinia kola, Kigelia africana, Monodora myristica, Morinda lucida, Musa sapientum, Olax subscorpioidea, Pupalia lappacea, Tetrapleura tetraptera, Piper guineense, ...

  12. Evaluation of noni (Morinda citrifolia volatile profile by dynamic headspace and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry Avaliação do perfil de voláteis em noni (Morinda citrifolia por headspace dinâmico e cromatografia gasosa-espectrometria de massas

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    Adriana Sousa

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Noni is a fruit that has interested the scientific community due to its medicinal and functional activities. Different products that contain noni are already in the market, but their consumption could be impaired by their distinctive unpleasant aroma and flavor. The aim of this work was to evaluate the noni pulp volatile profile by dynamic headspace and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Thirty seven volatile compounds were detected, mainly alcohols (63.3%, esters (26.9%, cetones (7.4%, and acids (1.2%.O noni é um fruto que tem interessado à comunidade científica por sua atividade funcional e medicinal. Já se encontram no mercado diferentes produtos que contêm noni em sua composição, mas seu consumo tem sido prejudicado por seu aroma e sabor desagradáveis. O objetivo deste trabalho foi o de avaliar o perfil de voláteis da polpa de noni pela técnica de headspace dinâmico e cromatografia gasosa-espectrometria de massas. Foram detectados 37 compostos voláteis, sendo os principais: alcoóis (63,3%, ésteres (26,9%, cetonas (7,4% e ácidos (1,2%.

  13. Update on The Host Range of Different Species of Fruit Flies in Indonesia

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    Suputa Suputa

    2010-12-01

    Guna mendapatkan informasi terkini mengenai peran lalat buah (Diptera: Tephritidae dan Muscidae dalam bidang pertanian, diperlukan inventarisasi kisaran inangnya termasuk yang ada di Indonesia melalui metode surveilansi. Pembaruan informasi mengenai inang lalat buah ini sangat penting untuk dilakukan mengingat semakin maraknya perdagangan buah dan sayur antar pulau di Indoensia dan juga dengan luar negeri. Surveilansi dilakukan dengan cara buah dikoleksi dalam kurun waktu lebih dari tiga tahun dari 24 provinsi di Indonesia, mulai dari Aceh hingga Papua. Zat pemikat lalat buah jantan dalam perangkap Steiner juga digunakan sebagai metode tambahan untuk mendapatkan variasi spesies yang lebih banyak. Sejumlah 1125 sampel buah dikoleksi dari berbagai lokasi. Penelitian ini berhasil mendapatkan informasi secara detail mengenai kisaran inang lalat buah penting dalam bidang pertanian yaitu Adrama determinata, Atherigona orientalis, Bactrocera spp., dan Dacus longicornis. Tiga puluh lima jenis dari 18 famili tumbuhan tercatat sebagai inang lalat buah dan 27 jenis diantaranya merupakan laporan baru sebagai inang lalat buah. Kisaran inang yang lebih luas ditemukan pada penelitian ini dibandingkan dengan data laporan-laporan sebelumnya menunjukkan betapa pentingnya perlakuan karantina yang efektif di dalam mencegah penyebaran dan pemasukan spesies lalat buah berbahaya antar pulau di Indonesia dan dari luar negeri.

  14. KARAKTERISASI KOMPOSIT FILM EDIBLE PEKTIN DAGING BUAH PALA (Myristica fragrans Houtt DAN TAPIOKA [Characterization of Edible Film Composite Made of Pectin from Nutmeg Mesocarp and Tapioca

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    Payung Layuk 1

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the research was to investigate the properties of pectin derived from mesocarp of nutmeg (Mysristica fragrans Houtt and edible film made from the pectin and added tapioca. Pectin was extracted from mesocarp of nutmeg using 0.5% of EDTA at pH 1.5-2, and temperature at 90°C for 1 hour. The first group of edible film was prepared using 1% (w/v of pectin, 1.6% CaCl2, 1% glycerol and various concentration of tapioca (0-2%, w/v. Second group of edible film was prepared using 1% of pectin, 1.6 % CaCl2, 1% glycerol and 2% tapioca and various concentration of palmitic acid (0-0,08 w/v. Physical, mechanical and barrier properties of the films were examined and its capability to reduce weight loss of small pieces of apples during storage was also measured.The result showed that yield of isolated pectin was 20.73% (w/w having methoxyl content 11.43%, and polygalacturonic acid of 79.47%. Proximate analysis showed that protein, ash and water content in the isolated pectin were 7.86, 3.03 and 7.60%, respectively. Characteristics of first group of film showed that the higher concentration of tapioca added resulted in the higher of tensile strength and thickness. Data of the second groups of films showed that addition of palmitic acid up to 0,08% has no effects on tensile strength, thickness, elongation and water vapour transmission rate (WVTR of films. Small piece of apples coated or wrapped with edible film (1% pectin – 1,6% CaCl2-2% tapioca-1% glycerol and 0.04% palmitic acid had lower weight loss and better colour than those of control during storage.

  15. KARAKTERISASI DAUN MIANA (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L. Bth. DAN BUAH SIRIH (Piper betle L. SECARA FISIKO KIMIA DARI RAMUAN LOKAL ANTIMALARIA DAERAH SULAWESI UTARA

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    Vivi Lisdawati

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Multidrug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum strains are an increasing problem in endemic areas and are partly responsible for the worsening malaria situation around the world. New cheap and efftctive compounds active in combination with available drug in the field, such as indegenous traditional medicine, are urgently needed. The aim of this work was to characterize the simplitia and extracts of an indegenous traditional medicine which usually used in North Sulawesi. Since this indigenous traditional medicine has been largely used and well-tolerated in humans, secondary metabolites derivatives of the plants could be in the near future associated with already available drugs in order to delay the spread of P. falciparum resistance. Non polar, semi polar and polar extracts of P. scutellarioides folium and P. bette fruit are prepared of each plants part obtained, then evaluated by using chromatography and densitometry methods following identification.   Keywords: P. falciparum, antimalarial activity, P. scutellarioides folium, P. betle fruit, secondary metabolites

  16. Pengaruh Berbagai Dosis Jus Buah Sirsak (Annona muricata L. Terhadap Penurunan Kadar Kolesterol Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL Serum Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus Dislipidemia

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    Hesti Dwi Tia

    2014-09-01

    There was the effect of various doses of soursop juice to decrease LDL’s cholesterol levels in dyslipidemia white rat serum. The greater the dose of soursop juice given, the greater the reduction in LDL’s cholesterol levels in the serum of dyslipidemia white rat.

  17. KURSUS SINGKAT DAN PELATIHAN PEMANFAATAN PEPAYA (CARISA PAPAYA L. MENJADI MANISAN KERING BUAH PEPAYA DI DESA TIMUHUN, KECAMATAN BANJARANGKAN, KABUPATEN KLUNGKUNG

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    I Made Nada

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In Desa Timuhun, eventhough papaya is not primary fruit product, but usually papaya is planted among the other plants and easily to grow. Papaya has good potency to be processed to become food product. Matured papaya fruit is usually fresh served for desk fruit. On the other hand, for papaya which is not mature yet, usually used for vegetable. Papaya has high water content, so it makes papaya fruit easy to experience damage. With papaya processing, papaya which is originally assumed improper to be sold or to be consumed (mechanical damage, diseased, acid, physical damage and will only to be thrown, finally can be used. The making of papaya dry candy is one of effort to preserve and to vary form of papaya serving. It also improves the economic value of papaya. The making of papaya can be conducted in big or small scale. The activity objectives are to introduce and give additional knowledge to society about papaya processing technology, to increase economic added value of papaya and the using of papaya which is improper to be sold or to be consumed becoming valuable food product .Realization of the objectives above are by performing an information sharing and discussion with the society about process of the making dry candy from papaya, training of papaya dry candy making, introduce simple technology of dry candy papaya making. This activity was performed at the head of Desa Timuhun office, on Friday, September 14, 2007 and was attended by 26 persons, including association of woman farmer and the staff in that office. The result of this activity shows that there was positive response of people who attend this activity, because by processing papaya fruit into dry candy, have a lot of advantage compare to sale it freshly. Beside that, this dry candy is healthy snack, without synthetic preservation, enriched with vitamins which is useful for health, also this dry candy is still good up to 1 month and of course it could to improve economic value compared to be sold freshly

  18. UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN MENGGUNAKAN RADIKAL 1,1-DIFENIL-2- PIKRILHIDRAZIL DAN PENETAPAN KANDUNGAN FENOLIK TOTAL FRAKSI ETIL ASETAT EKSTRAK ETANOL BUAH ANGGUR BALI (Vitis vinifera L.

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    Mikhael Gustandy

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This research was conducted to determine the antioxidant activity of ethyl acetat fraction of extract of Balinesse grape (Vitis vinifera L. using free radical and determine the total phenolic content. Balinesse grape was extracted with ethanol and then fractionated using ethyl acetate. Free radical scavenging activity was tested by measuring the DPPH radical scavenging activity. Total phenolic content was determined using the Folin-Ciocalteau method measured the concentration of phenolic content in gallic acid total equivalents using unit's mg/g. The mean IC50 value for DPPH radical scavenging activity of the ethyl acetat fraction of ethanolic extract of Balinesse grape was found to be 36.55 ± 0.09 µg/mL. The phenolic content was ranging from 3.23 ± 0.02 mg gallic acid equivalents per gram of ethyl acetat fraction of ethanolic extract of Balinesse grape. Keywords: antioxidants, Balinesse grape (Vitis vinifera L., fraction of ethyl acetat, DPPH, total phenolic content.

  19. OPTIMASI TEKNIK PEMBUATAN TABLET EFFERVESCENT SARI BUAH DENGAN RESPONSE SURFACE METHOD [Optimization of Processing Technique of the Fruit Juice Effervescent Tablet with Response Surface Method

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    Ansar1

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This research was aimed to study optimization of processing technique of fruit juice effervescent tablet with Response Surface Method (RSM. The research design used was central composite designs with three dependent variables including X1 (compression force, X2 (the citric acid concentration, and X3 (the sodium bicarbonate concentration, where independent variables was hardness and solubility of the tablet. The results of the research showed that the optimum tablets hardness was 40.53 N that reached at treatment compression force of 2339.8 N; the citric acid concentration of 352.82 mg/gr; and the sodium bicarbonate concentration of 561.62 mg/gr. Whereas the solubilitation of 41.99 second was resulted at treatment compression force of 1417.6 N; 334.24 mg/unit weight citric acid; and 593.90 mg/gr sodium bicarbonate. To get tablet characteristic with high hardness but solubilize quickly, was made at 1500 N compression force; the citric acid concentration 350 mg/gr; and the sodium bicarbonate concentration 500 mg/gr.

  20. STANDARDISASI SIMPLISIA DARI BUAH MIANA (Plectranthus Seutellaroides (L R.Bth YANG BERASAL DARI 3 TEMPAT TUMBUH MENADO, KUPANG DAN PAPUA

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    D. Mutiatikum

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Herbal medicine industries are growing rapidly in Indonesia, therefore, medicinal plant as a raw material is needed. Standardization of raw materials and detection of finger print of chemical compounds is the requirements to obtain a good quality of raw material. Standardization of raw material includes characterization, screening of phytochemical, fractionation of the extract followed by the detection of chemical compounds by TLC (Thin Layer Chromatography and the detection of finger print by Densitometre. In this study, the chemical compounds from the medicinal plant obtained from three different places were determined. The results shown that tannin is the marker and the finger print from each fractions ( e.g. n-hexan, ethyl acetate and ethanol has a similar chromatogram.Key words : Standardisasi simplisia, Miana (Plectranthus Seutellaroides (L R.Bth

  1. Analisis Antioksidan Ekstrak Etil Asetat Dari Kulit Buah Rambutan (Nephelium Lappaceum dengan Menggunakan Metode dpph (1,1 difenil-2-pikrilhidrakzil

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    Nurfadillah Nurfadillah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Rapiah rambutan fruit leather (Nephelium lappaceum is one of the traditional medicine to cure various diseases such as fever and dysentery. Scientific research previously stated rambutan fruit peel skin Rapiah rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum potentially have antioxidant content. Through this research can know the effect of solvent ethyl acetate to extract optimal rambutan fruit skin in antioxidants withdrawal. The method used for extraction is macerated using methanol and partitioned with liquid-liquid extraction using ethyl acetate solvent with a ratio (1:3, (1:4 and (1:5 which produces a thick rind extract rambutan. The extract was tested color and separated by thin layer chromatography (TLC using the eluent butanol: glacial acetic acid: water (BAA (4: 1: 5. Antioxidants are determined by testing against DPPH free radicals by measuring the absorbance of DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-pikrilhidraksil at a wavelength of 517 nm. So that the results of this study showed the highest % reduction obtained at a ratio (1:3.

  2. Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan dengan Pola Konsumsi Buah dan Sayur pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara Angkatan 2014 di Medan Tahun 2015

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    Manullang, Ruth Mutiara Angelina

    2016-01-01

    Fruit and vegetables consumption among adolescent was still less than WHO recommendation of 400 gram per day. Lack of fruit and vegetable consumption can lead to body vitamine, mineral, antioxidant, and dietary fiber deficiency. Furthermore low fruit and vegetable consumption in adolescent can lead to various degenerative diseases in adulthood and elder. This study aims to determine the relationship level of knowledge with the fruit and vegetable consumption pattern on Medical School of North...

  3. KARAKTERISASI KOMPOSIT EDIBLE FILM BUAH KOLANG-KALING (Arenge Pinnata DAN LILIN LEBAH (Beeswax [Characterization of Composite Edible Film Derived from Palm Fruit (Arenge pinnata and Beeswax

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    Budi Santoso

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to study of the characteristics of edible film after addition of different concentrations of kolang-kaling and beeswax. The research used of Factorial Block Randomized Design with two treatments and each treatment was replicated three times. The first treatment was concentrations of the kolang-kaling (5%, 10%, 15% and 20%, and the second treatment was concentrations of the beeswax (0%, 0,5%, 1%, and 1,5%. The parameters were water content, tensile strength, elongation percentage, thickness, and water vapor transmission rate. The result showed that the addition of different concentrations of kolang-kaling and beeswax significantly afected the water content, tensile strength, elongation percentage, thickness, and water vapor transmission rate. The thickness increased with the increasing concentrations of kolang-kaling and beeswax. The water vapor transmission rate, tensile strength, and elongation percentage were decreased. The tensile strength, elongation percentage, thickness, and water vapor transmission rate of edible film were 0,342 Kgf cm-2, 52,5%, 0,025 mm and 53,439 gm-2hari-1 respectively. The best treatment was achived by using concentration of kolang-kaling at 5% and concentration of beeswax at 1,5%.

  4. KOMPONEN VOTALIT DANKARAKTERISASI KOMPONEN KUNCI AROMA BUAH ANDALIMAN (Zanthoxylum acanthoodium DC. [Colatile Aroma Constituents and Potent Odorant of Andaliman (Zanthoxylum acanthoodium DC. Fruit

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    Anton Apriyantono 1

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Andaliman, a wild spice well known in Northem Sumatera, has a fresh citrusy and warm sweet peppery odor. This research was conducted to analyse pontent odorant from andaliman maceration extract using GC-MS, GC/O and aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA method. Monoterpenes were the main constituens among the 24 identified components by GC-MS. Results od AEDA revealed that citronellal and limonene had the greatest impact on the aroma of andaliman with flavour dilution factor 128 and 32. β-myrcene, 2-β-ocimene, linalool, β-citronellol, neral, geraniol, gerabial, geranyl acetate, an unkwown compound, and a sesquiterpene also contributed to andaliman fresh citrusy and warm sweet peppery aroma.

  5. PENGARUH VARIASI DOSIS LARUTAN BUAH BELIMBING WULUH (Averrhoa bilimbi L.TERHADAP MORTALITAS LARVA NYAMUK Culex sp. SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR BIOLOGI PADA MATERI INSEKTA

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    Bagas Rasid Sidik

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Control of larvae of Culex sp. can be done with larvicides. Larvicides used in an attempt to reduce the population of larvae in a breeding place or for termination of the chain of mosquito breeding. Insect repellent effective to kill mosquitoes, but that has not been come mosquito larvae will develop into mosquitoes. Insect repellent made from synthetic chemicals if used excessively will cause adverse effects to humans such as respiratory disorders, digestive, and the environment. The purpose of this study was to determine (1 Whether or not the effect of giving a solution of fruit starfruit (Averrhoa bilimbi, L. against Culex sp. mosquito larvae mortality, (2 determine the most appropriate dosage on mortality of larvae of mosquito Culex sp., (3 Compile the results of the research as a high school biology class X LKPS semester two. This study uses the method of experiment, the draft design used was completely randomized design Variety (CRD with the control (P0 and 4 treatments, namely P1: a dose of1/99 ml, P2: dose2/98 ml, P3: dose3/97 ml, and P4: a dose4/96 ml with 6 replicates each, the number of larvae 150 animals. Larva l sampling and testing conducted at Flores Street No. 19 Ganjar Supreme 14/2 City Metro. The test was analyzed using one-way Anava non-parametric Kruskall-Wallis test. The results of the analysis are obtained as follows: (1 There is a very significant influence on the administration of a solution of fruit starfruit (Averrhoa bilimbi, L. against Culex mosquito larvae mortality due to the α sp 0.05,   at α 0.01 in Chi-square table, (2 the mortality of larvae of Culex for 24 consecutive hour sare from lowest to highest mortality percentage is P0=0%, P1=60%, P2=83.33%, 83.33% =P3, andP4=86,66%. Based on the results of research and discussion we concluded that: (1 There is the effect of star fruit solution on mortality of larvae of Culex sp mosquitoes, with coefficientH=17.73>Chi-square value of7.81at α level of 0.05, 11, 3 Dapaαlevelof 0.01., (2 At a dose of4/96 ml solution starfruit is the best dosage on mortality of larvae of mosquito Culex sp., (3 the results of this studying the form of LKPS (Practical Guidelines Worksheet can support (KI and (KD in the curriculum syllabus 2013. Kata Kunci: Variasi dosis, larutan belimbing wuluh, Mortalitas, larva nyamuk                         Culex sp., sumber belajar biologi.

  6. Aktivitas insektisida ekstrak buah Piper aduncum L. (Piperaceae dan Sapindus rarak DC. (Sapindaceae serta campurannya terhadap larva Crocidolomia pavonana (F. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae

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    Yan Yanuar Syahroni

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Crocidolomia pavonana is an important pest of Brassicaceous vegetable crops. Botanical insecticides are potential alternatives for the control of C. pavonana pest. Insecticidal activity of Piper aduncum and Sapindus rarak fruit extracts as well as their mixtures was evaluated against C. pavonana larvae in the laboratory. Ethyl acetate P. aduncum (EtPa extract as well as methanolic S. rarak (MeSr and aqueous S. rarak (AqSr extracts were tested separately and in mixtures against second-instar larvae C. pavonana by a leaf-residue feeding method. At the LC95 level - 72 hours after treatment (HAT, EtPa extract was about 14.5 and 12.8 times, respectively, more toxic to C. pavonana larvae than MeSr and AqSr extracts. At the LC95 level, EtPa + MeSr extract mixture (1 : 10 w/w was about 1.64 times more toxic to the test larvae than EtPa + AqSr extract mixture (1 : 10 w/w. Based on combination index at 48, 72, and 96 HAT, EtPa + MeSr extract mixture at LC50 level as well as EtPa + AqSr extract mixture at LC50 and LC95 levels had additive joint action, whereas EtPa + MeSr extract mixture at LC95 was weakly synergistic. In addition to lethal effect, the treatment with all test materials delayed the development of C. pavonana larvae from second-instar to fourth instar. Thus, EtPa, MeSr, and AqSr extracts as well as the mixtures between EtPa and S. rarak extracts are potential alternatives for the control of C. pavonana pest.

  7. Penurunan Aktivitas Tirosinase dan Jumlah Melanin oleh Fraksi Etil Asetat Buah Malaka (Phyllantus emblica) pada Mouse Melanoma B16 Cell-Line

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    Reti Hindritiani; Diah Dhianawaty; Muchtan Sujatno; Endang Sutedja; Setiawan

    2013-01-01

    Melanin accumulation can lead to hyperpigmentation, and if it occurs on the face can cause psychosocial problem. Depigmenting agents derived from plants are increasingly utilized. Agents being developed have to be effective in inhibiting melanin synthesis and should not be toxic to melanocyte. This study aimed was to examine the effect of ethyl acetate fraction from Phyllanthus emblica (P. emblica) fruit, also known as malaka fruit, towards melanine synthesis, which was measured from the mela...

  8. Penurunan Aktivitas Tirosinase dan Jumlah Melanin oleh Fraksi Etil Asetat Buah Malaka (Phyllantus emblica pada Mouse Melanoma B16 Cell-Line

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    Reti Hindritiani

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Melanin accumulation can lead to hyperpigmentation, and if it occurs on the face can cause psychosocial problem. Depigmenting agents derived from plants are increasingly utilized. Agents being developed have to be effective in inhibiting melanin synthesis and should not be toxic to melanocyte. This study aimed was to examine the effect of ethyl acetate fraction from Phyllanthus emblica (P. emblica fruit, also known as malaka fruit, towards melanine synthesis, which was measured from the melanin amount and tyrosinase activity, the key regulatory enzyme in melanin synthesis, spectrophotometrically towards melanocytes of mouse melanoma B16 cell-line. The cytotoxic effect towards melanocytes was measured with 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT assay. This study was conducted on November−December 2009 in Department of Biochemistry and Diabetes Research Centre, Chonbuk National University Medical School, South Korea. The result of this study showed that tyrosinase activity and melanin amount decreased in a dose-dependent manner towards various concentrations of ethyl acetate fraction of P. emblica fruit with inhibition concentration (IC 50=95.63 and 16.90 μg/mL, respectively and lethal dose (LD 50 concentration 106.64 μg/mL. In conclusion, ethyl acetate fraction of P. emblica fruit is a potential depigmenting agent, since it can reduce melanin synthesis by inhibition of tyrosinase activity.

  9. ANALISA FLAVONOID DARI EKSTRAK ETANOL 96% KULIT BUAH OKRA MERAH (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench SECARA KROMATOGRAFI LAPIS TIPIS DAN SPEKTROFOTOMETRI UV-VIS

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    Nia Lisnawati

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Has done research on flavonoids Analysis of Ethanol Extract 96% Fruit Leather Red Okra In Thin Layer Chromatography and Spectrophotometer UV-Vis. The purpose of this study was to analyze the content of the fruit skin red okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench by using the method of thin layer chromatography (TLC under UV light and spectrophotometry UV-Vis. Reference standards used in this study is the Standard Solution Routine Quercetin. The results of the research that has been done by the method of thin layer chromatography obtained Rf values of 0.81 and produces the color orange. And the results of research conducted by spectrophotometry UV-Vis method obtained 333,117 mg.L-1 or 421,629 mg.kg-1 or 0,84339 %. The conclusion from this study is that the 96% ethanol extract of the fruit leather red okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench positive (+ contains flavonoids with levels of 0,84339 %.

  10. STRATEGI BERTAHAN HIDUP PEREMPUAN PENJUAL BUAH-BUAHAN (Studi Perempuan di Pasar Raya Padang Kecamatan Padang Barat Kota Padang Propinsi Sumatera Barat

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    Irwan Irwan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This research is inspired by women’s involvement in public sectors with limited resources and access. One of the sectors is fruit selling. Various problems in selling demands the women to find strategies to continue to meet family needs. The purpose of the study is to describe factors that push women to choose selling fruits and their strategies to overcome the problem of income for the family. The theory used is the action actor from Max Weber. This research is qualitative descriptive. Data is collected through observation, interview, and documentation. Based on the results, it can be concluded: 1. Driving factors of women choosing to sell fruits are; a economic factors; small capital is needed, b social factors and cultural heritage; the efforts of parents and their relationships with fruit growers, c seasonal characteristic of the fruits, and d educational factors; most female fruit sellers are low educated. 2. Survival strategies of the women are; a having dual income, b reducing household spending, c cooperating with fruit growers or agent, d arisan (collective saving, e changing the type of fruits sold according to the periods of the fruits, and f changing the type of goods sold.

  11. Pengaruh Beberapa Perlakuan Pasca Panen Dan Suhu Penyimpanan Terhadap Kualitas Dan Daya Simpan Buah Pisang Cavendish (Musa (Grup Aaa, Subgrup Cavendish))

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    Purwoko, Bambang S; Juniarti, Diah

    1998-01-01

    The objective of this research was to determine the effect of prestorage infiltration of CaCl2, infiltration of spermidine, plastic wrapping and waxing on the maintenance of banana shelflife and qualities at different storage temperatures. Prestorage infiltration of Cavendish banana (Musa Cavendishii) with CaCl2 inhibited fruit softening, the increase of sugar content in peel color index. Plastic wrapping could inhibit the increase of weight loss, pulp peel ratio, peel color index, and the de...

  12. Studi Penetapan Kadar Kandungan Vitamin C Pada Beberapa Macam Buah Mangga (Mangifera Indica L.) Yang Beredar Di Kota Medan Secara Volumetri Dengan 2,6-Diklorofenol Indofenol

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    Lubis, Suci Rahmalia

    2013-01-01

    Vitamin C is that the one of vitamin that needed by the body to increase of the immune system. To complement the necessary of vitamin C, as a source of vitamin C is fresh fruits. Mango fruit is one of the very popular and liked by the public that contain vitamin C. The purpose of this research was to compare the contain of vitamin C in the of Arumanis mango, Golek mango and Shrimp mango that circulating in the city of Medan by the volumetric method with a solution of 2,6-Dic...

  13. ATRIBUT-ATRIBUT YANG MEMENGARUHI SIKAP DAN PREFERENSI KONSUMEN DALAM MEMBELI BUAH APEL DI KOTA SURABAYA DAN KOTA MALANG, PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR

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    Nerisa Agnesia Widiyanto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Apple’s consumer will have to make some consideration in purchasing apples because of the appearance of Imported apples in the domestic market. The escalation of apple’s demand and the new policy regarding importing provision and horticultural products development, make it important to study the consumer behavior towards apples. This study was conducted in Surabaya and Malang, and it was chosen purposively. The study involved 200 respondent from two selected city. The data collected were analyzed with descriptive analysis, Fishbein models, and conjoint analysis. The result showed that consumer had positive attitude towards the flesh texture of the local apples. On the other hand, the result showed that consumer had positive attitude towards the prices, taste, size, color, skin condition, and promotion of the import apples. Consumer had preferences for apples with sour taste, medium size, yellowish green color, crispy texture, clean skin, and with price range from Rp26.001,0-Rp34.000,0/kg. The price was the attribute that most preferred by a consumer when making a purchase decision for fruit.

  14. Keefektifan insektisida cyantraniliprole terhadap hama penggerek buah kopi ( Hypothenemus hampei pada ko pi arabika ( Effectiveness cyantraniliprole against coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampeion arabica coffee.

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    Soekadar Wiryadiputra

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A trial on cyantraniliprole 10% against coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei has been conducted on arabica coffee at Kalibendo Estate, in Banyuwangi regency, East Java. The altitude of the estate is about 650 m above sea level (asl. and belongs to B type of climate classification according to Schmidt and Ferguson. Composite variety of arabica coffee at about four years old planted at the location was used as plant materials. Five levels of cyantranilprole dosage and two compared insecticides i.e: carbaryl 85% and lamda cyhalothrine 25 g/L have been applied as treatments and each treatment is replicated four times. Infestation of coffee berry borer (CBB has been observed on berries in the field as well as on harvested berries and green coffee. The results revealed that cyantraniliprole 10% was very effective in suppressing infestation and population of CBB on coffee berries in the field as well as on harvested parchment and green coffee. The dosage of 2,000 ml/ha was the most effective and the highest level of efficacy against CBB until the last observation during 14 weeks trial. Application of cyantraniliprole 10% also has increased the production of green coffee harvested. The highest increase occurred on the treatment of cyantraniliprole 10% with a dosage of 1000 ml/ha, which it reached 62.87% higher compared to untreated treatment. Carbaryl and lamda cyhalothrine have effectiveness and efficacy level lower than the highest dosage of cyantraniliprole 10%.

  15. Karakterisasi Simplisia Dan Isolasi Serta Analisis Komponen Kimia Minyak Atsiri Dari Buah Jintan Putih (Cuminum cyminum L.) Secara GC-MS

    OpenAIRE

    Ginting, Sandro N.

    2011-01-01

    One of the essential oil-producing plants and had been used for a long time by Indonesian society as a efficacious medicinal plants is Cuminum cyminum L. Cuminum cyminum L. is a widely used ingredient. It has been used for a very long time in traditional medicine. The quantitative determination of volatile oil was accomplished by Stahl apparatus and the isolation of volatile oil was accomplished by water distilation and steam distillation. The components of volatile oil was analyzed by Ga...

  16. KARAKTERISTIK BRIKET DARI KOMPOSIT SAMPAH BUAH, SAMPAH PLASTIK HIGH DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (HDPE DAN TEMPURUNG KELAPA SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKAR ALTERNATIF DI RUMAH TANGGA

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    Yenni Ruslinda

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the characteristics of briquettes from fruit waste, HDPE plastic waste, and coconut shell composite, as an alternative fuel. Characteristic tests include physical characteristics (density and compressive strength, chemical characteristics (moisture, volatile content, fixed carbon, ash content, calorific value, and cost calculation for making briquettes. Physical characteristics tests obtained that density is between 0.60 to 0.89 g/cm3 and compressive strength is between 0.88 to 6.87 kg/cm2. Chemical characteristics tests found that water content 5.73 - 9.06%; volatile content 70.02 - 79.92%; fixed carbon 12.39 - 18.41%; ash content of 1.47 - 4.86%, and calorific value 4549 - 7213 cal/g. Cost for making briquettes range between 0.56 to 0.86 rupiahs/kcal. Except for compressive strength parameter, other parameters are in the standard range of biobriquettes quality according to Permen ESDM No. 047 Tahun 2006. Optimum briquette found in this research is a mixture of 20% fruit waste, 20% of plastic waste HDPE, and 60% coconut shell. Briquettes made as a mixture of those three raw material with that composition is optimum as an alternative fuel, because it produces higher calorific value and lower cost.

  17. EKSTRAKSI PEWARNA ALAMI DARI BUAH ARBEN (Rubus idaeus Linn.) [Extraction of Natural Colorant from Red Raspberry (rubus idaeus linn.) And its application in food sistem

    OpenAIRE

    Tensiska1); Een Sukarmina1); Dita Natalia2)

    2007-01-01

    Red raspberry fruit has not been optimally utilized even though it contains anthocyanin pigment. The pigment can be used as a natural colorant which also function as antioxidant. The aim of this study was to determine the appropriate solvent for anthocyanin extraction from red raspberry fruit and its possibility for food colorant. The research was started with preliminary research to determine appropriate acidulants (citric, acetic and tartaric acid) with levels of 0,1 ;0,25;0,5 ;0,75 and 1 %...

  18. EKSTRAKSI PEWARNA ALAMI DARI BUAH ARBEN (Rubus idaeus Linn. [Extraction of Natural Colorant from Red Raspberry (rubus idaeus linn. And its application in food sistem

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    Tensiska1

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Red raspberry fruit has not been optimally utilized even though it contains anthocyanin pigment. The pigment can be used as a natural colorant which also function as antioxidant. The aim of this study was to determine the appropriate solvent for anthocyanin extraction from red raspberry fruit and its possibility for food colorant. The research was started with preliminary research to determine appropriate acidulants (citric, acetic and tartaric acid with levels of 0,1 ;0,25;0,5 ;0,75 and 1 %. The main research was divided into three stages, which were: (1 to determine the appropriate solvent of extraction (aquadest, ethanol and etil acetate; (2 the best extract was determined its color stability in pH of 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 and (3 to examine the pigment solubility into some food system (aqua96%dest, 25% of acetic acid, 96% of ethanol and coconut oil. The best extract also was examined its solubility in carbonated drink (pH of 3.69, pasteurized milk (pH of 6.49 and yogurt (pH of 2.6. the results showed that the extraction using aquadest with 0.75% of tartaric acid resulted in the highest total anthocyanin and showed the best color intensity. This extract was stable at pH of 2-5 and its solubility was best in aquaeous system with low pHs, thus it can be applied for aqueous product with low pHs.

  19. PERUBAHAN KOMPOSISI VOLATIL DAGING BUAH MANGGA "KENSINGTON PRIDE" SELAMA PEMASAKAN [Changes in Volatile Compound Composition of Kensington Pride Mango Pulp During Fruit Ripening

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    Herianus J.D Lalel

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Volatile compounds of ‘Kesington Pride’ mango produced from the pulp during fruit ripening were studied using headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME as a sampling method and gas chromatography with a flame ionisation detector (GC-FID and gas chromatography mass spectrophotometry (GC-MS for analysis. Ethylene production and respiration reached a peak on the second and third day of ripening, respectively. Seventy-eight volatile compounds were identified from the pulp of ‘Kesington Pride’ mango; however, only 73 volatile compounds were present in notable amount. The most abundant group of volatile compounds was monoterpenes, accounting for abaout 44% of the total identified compounds, followed by sesquiterpenes (19%, aldehydes (11%,esters (10% aromatics (8%, alcohol (2%, ketones (2%, alkanes (1% and norisoprenoid (1%. -Terpinolene was the major compound during ripening. Except for -pinene, 3,7-dimethl-1,3,7-octatriene, 4-methl-1 (1-methylethylidene-cyclohexene, p-mentha-1,5,8-triene, aloocimene, the concentration of all other monoterpenes increased for the first six or eight days and decreased afterwards. All sesquiteroenes, p-cymene, p-cymen-9-ol,2-ethyl-1,4-dimethl benzene also increased during ripening and peaked on day four, six or eight of ripening. Ketones, aldehydes alkane and cis-3-hexenol, on the other hand, decreased during ripening. Ethanol, esters and norisoprenoid increased quite sharply at the end of ripening period.

  20. KEANEKARAGAMAN DAN KEKERABATAN LALAT BUAH (DIPTERA: TEPHRITIDAE DI KALIMANTAN SELATAN BERDASARKAN KARAKTER MORFOLOGI DAN MOLEKULAR (RAPD-PCR DAN SEKUENSING DNA

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    M Indar Prambudi

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Diversity and phylogeny of fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae in South Kalimantan based on morphology and molecular (RAPD-PCR and DNA sequencing. Seven species of fruit fly was known by morphological identification. The fruit flies were found from  trapping with methyl eugenol and fruit collecting at all study sites in South Kalimantan. The results showed that as much as 17  plants were infected by fruit fly. Dendrogram based on morphological identification analyzed by using UPGMA with MEGA 4 program consisted in a group consisting of 5 sub-groups. Bactrocera carambolae and Bactrocera papayae of morphology were still a closely related fruit fly at 0.935. Whereas, based on RAPD result analized by UPGMA using 20 character of DNA based, showed that out of seven species consisted 2 groups, 1st group were B. umbrosa,  B. occipitalis and sub-group of B. latifrons. The second group consists of sub-groups B.carambolae, B. papaya, sub-group B. albistrigata and B. cucurbitae. The results of dendrogram from sequencing DNA fruit fly analysis comprised one of group and three sub-groups. The first sub-groups were B. papayae, B. carambolae, B. occipitalis, B.latifrons. The second subgroup were B. cucurbitae and B. umbrosa. While B. albistrigata separate but still one group with another fruit flies. The results of DNA sequencing showed that there were a homology of the seven species of the fruit fly i.e at 83 base pair / bp (C, 101 bp (T, 265 bp (G, 420 bp (A, 432 bp (T, 600 bp (A . The length of the base pair for B. occipitalis, B. cucurbitae, B. albistrigata, B. carambolae, B. papayae, B. latifrons were respectively 615, 898, 570.969, 898 and 615 bp. The results of morphological analysis and RAPD methods showed difference in the distribution of groups and sub-groups. But based on morphologycal and DNA identification seven species of fruit flies found were all same as the genebank.

  1. POLA AKTIVITAS HARIAN DAN DINAMIKA POPULASI LALAT BUAH BACTROCERA DORSALIS COMPLEX PADA PERTANAMAN JERUK DI DATARAN TINGGI KABUPATEN KARO PROVINSI SUMATERA UTARA

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    Binari Manurung

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis complex is important pest on citrus plantation at highland Karo district North Sumatera Province. The studies with the aim to find out its daily activity pattern and population dynamic on citrus plantation have been done. Fruit flies were collected by water bottle trap with methyl eugenol attractant. Sampling for daily activity pattern was done per two hours for two months (April to May 2011 from 06.00 a.m until 18.00 p.m. Meanwhile, population dynamic study was conducted on two citrus plantations per four days for nine months (March to November 2011 in the first and third week of each month. The research result showed that B.dorsalis complex was more active during morning at 10.00 to 12.00 a.m. The peak abundance of fruit fly occurred at the end of June until beginning of July. The peak population coincided with the ripening period of fruits, low number of rainy (d and rainfall (mm in June and July periods. There was a significant correlation between number of rainy day and rainfall with fruit flies caught per month (R = 0.79; Y = 289.34+14.23X1-15.93X2; R2 = 0.62; P < 0.05. The pattern of fruit fly fluctuation in two citrus plantations was similar (rs = 0.47; P < 0.05.

  2. Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Etanol Kulit Buah Semangka Merah Berbiji (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum & Nakai) Terhadap Escherichia coli dan Staphylococcus aureus

    OpenAIRE

    Ginting, Anastasia

    2016-01-01

    Watermelon plant (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum & Nakai) originate from Africa, and now has spread throughout the world in subtropical and tropical regions, one of them is Indonesia. Part of watermelon can be used as a drug that is rind, pulp and seeds. Watermelon rind has a thickness of 1.5-2.0 cm always be waste. Albedo is part of the most thick rind and white.The white part layer less interested in the society to be consumed and dumped became a waste underutilized.Waste is obtained fro...

  3. UJI APLIKASI EKSTRAK KASAR BUAH PINANG, AKAR TUBA, PATAH TULANG, DAN DAUN NIMBA TERHADAP KEONG EMAS (POMACEA SP. DI RUMAH KACA

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    Lestari Wibowo, Indriyati, dan Solikhin .

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Application test of crude extracts of pinang  fruit, tuba root, patah tulang, and neem leaf  on golden apple snail (Pomacea sp. in green house.  This research was conducted to evaluate the effect of four botanical crude extracts namely Areca catechu, Derris eliptica, Euphorbia tirucalli and Azadirachta indica on golden apple snails under green house condition.  All experiment units were arranged in randomized completely design consisting of some levels of concentration (titer. The result showed that low concentration of the crude extract of A. catechu fruit (0,5 g/l and crude extracts of D. elliptica root (1 g/l  were very toxic, indicated by all snails tested were died. Mortality of snails tested caused by crude extract of  A. indica was 100% at the concentration of  4 g/l, meanwhile crude extract of  E. tirucalli was only 84% at a higher concentration of crude extract (8 g/l occurring 96 hours after application.

  4. Kecernaan protein dan energi metabolis akibat pemberian zat aditif cair buah naga merah (Hylocereus polyrhizus pada burung puyuh japonica betina umur 16-50 hari

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    Meina Yuniarti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Digestibility of crude protein and energy is used to measure digestibility in poultry, digestible shows of feed substances absorbed by the body which will affect the productivity of quail. This experiment was conducted to study the effect of red dragon fruit liquid additif (Hylocereus polyrhizus, digestibility protein and metabolizable energy by quail female age 16-50 days. Experiment used 200 japanese quails females, 7 weeks age with average body weight of 13.61±0.49 g. The study was conducted in battery cages. The experiment used Completely Randomized Design with 4 treatments and 5 replications: T0 (control, T1 (Award liquid additives red dragon fruit twice a day, T2 (one a day and T3 (two days. The dose of a liquid additive is 5 ml/quail. Observation of digestibility of crude protein (KcPK and the energy carried by the method of total collection for 3 days, measurements using a bomb calorimeter gross energy and protein analysis using Kjeldahl method. Data were analyzed using a variety of test F at the level 5%, followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test (UJBD there is significant effect of the treatment each treatment was showed liquid additives red dragon fruit was not significant (P> 0.05 on crude protein digestibility and apparent metabolizable energy. The conclusion, the given of liquid additives red dragon fruit did not increase digestibility of crude protein and apparent metabolizable energy. Keywords: quail, red dragon fruit, digestibility of crude protein

  5. CHARACTERISTICS OF SOYMILK ADDED WITH DRAGON FRUIT AND EGGPLANT PEEL EXTRACTS [Karakteristik Susu Kedelai dengan Penambahan Ekstrak Kulit Buah Naga dan Kulit Terong

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    Diana Sari Kusuma

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Soymilk has become progressively consumed in Indonesia since early 1990. However, soymilk has a short shelf life due to its high protein content that promotes growth of spoilage microorganisms. This study was aimed at utilizing peel waste of eggplant (Solanum melongena L. and dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus, to prolong shelf life of fresh soymilk through microbial growth inhibition, so that it will not be easily contaminated during storage, transportation and distribution time to meet the needs of consumers. Microbiological analysis showed a notably higher inhibitory effect of dragon fruit peel extract when soymilk was stored at 4ºC and it exhibited lower number of colonies even after 6 days. Interestingly, the antimicrobial activity of eggplant peel extract in cold soymilk could only be observed on day 3 until day 9. Hence, it is assumed that chlorogenic acid, as a primary antimicrobial agent in eggplant peel, needed certain time interval to activate its inhibitory activity against microorganism. However, the two peel extracts could not prolong the shelf life of soymilk stored at ambient temperature. All soymilk samples added with the peel extracts fulfilled the Indonesian National standards (SNI for pH value, protein, and total solid content. Based on the sensory evaluation, the samples with dragon fruit peel extract attained a comparable acceptance level as plain soymilk and were favored over those added with eggplant extract. In conclusion, this research indicated potential applications of usual household waste of dragon fruit and eggplant peels as antimicrobial agents for protein-rich beverages.

  6. Aktivitas Antipiretik Ekstrak Etanol Buah Belimbing Wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi pada Tikus Putih Jantan (ANTIPYRETIC ACTIVITY OF ETHANOL EXTRACT OF BELIMBING WULUH (AVERRHOA BILIMBI IN MALE WHITE RAT

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    Andriyanto Andriyanto

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The experiment was conducted to study the activity of ethanol extract of belimbing wuluh (EEBW as antipyretic. Fever induction was done by using difteri pertusis tetanus (DPT vaccine intramuscularly at a dose of 0.1 mL/100 g BW. Male white rat strain spraque dawley with range of weight by 200 to 300 g was used in this research.Fifteen experimental rats were used to explore the specific time of fever (time of early fever and time of peak fever which were divided in 2 treatments, i.e. 10 experimental rats with DPT vaccine injection and 5 experimental rats without DPT vaccine injection as control.Fourty experimental rats were used to study effectivity of EEBW as antipyretic which were grouped with factorial randomized design with 4 x 2 and 5 replications. The first factor was various substance administered which consisted of aquadest (control, EEBW 0.88 g/kg BW, EEBW 1.75 g/kg BW, and aspirin 0.004 g/kg BW.The second factor was time of fever detection, i.e. time of early stage fever and time of peak fever. The variable was measured with rectal temperature of the experimental rats by using digital thermometer (correction factor 0.01oC every 30 minutes. The data were analyzed with t-student dan general linear model (GLM. Increasing of rectal temperature of experimental rats with DPT injection began at 30 minutes post-DPT injection (time of early stage fever and reached time of peak fever at 210 minutes post-DPT injection. Ethanol extract of belimbing wuluh at dose of 1.75 g/kg BW administered at early fever lowered rectal temperature of the experimental rats compared to the other groups. It was concluded that the administration of EEBW at dose of 1.75 g/kg BW was effective combination in dose and time administration as an antipyretic.

  7. Pengaruh Berkumur Dengan Ekstrak Buah Kismis (Vitis Vinifera L.) Dengan Konsentrasi 1% Terhadap Akumulasi Plak Pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi USU Angkatan 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Manogaran, Yuvaveeraraj

    2016-01-01

    Dental plaque is a major etiological factor of periodontal disease. Plaque control is an attempt to get rid of plaque and to prevent the accumulation of plaque on teeth. Plaque control can be divided into two methods, mechanical control and chemical control. Mouthwash is one of the chemical agents used in the plaque control. Various mouthwashes arenow available on the market, but herbal mouthwashesare used as an alternative because it contains less chemical. One of the fruits that are used as...

  8. SIFAT KIMIA SELAI BUAH NAGA, KOMPOSISI MIKROFLORA DAN PROFIL SCFA FESES RELAWAN [Chemical Properties of Drugon Fruit Jam, Microflora Composition and SCFA Profile of Human Volunteer Faecal

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    Nurhayati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Dragon fruit contains oligosaccharides, Including prebiotic ingredients, that are namely raffinose, stachyose, and fructo-oligosaccharides. The heat treatment process like jam producing can affect the functional properties of a food material. The aim of the research wereto know the effect of jam processing on chemical properties, and their prebiotic properties. Evaluation of the prebiotic properties was conducted by in vivo method i.e. probiotic and enterobacteria population of volunteers faecal (microflora composition, prebiotic index (PI value and Short Chain Fatty Acid (SCFA profile. The result showed that the processing of dragon fruit into jams decreased water content, β-sianin and dissolved particles but increased the Insoluble Indigestible Fraction (IIF. The PI value of dragon fruit jam were 1.70 for white dragon jam and 1.18 for red dragon fruit. The jam processing decreased PI value up to 0.49 (red dragon fruit jam and 0.54 (white dragon fruit jam. The fresh dragon fruit and the jam produced short chain fatty acid (SCFA i.e. acetic and propionic acid. It can be concluded that prebiotic properties of white dragon fruit better than red dragon fruit.

  9. DAYA HAMBAT EKSTRAK BUAH MAHKOTA DEWA (Phaleria macrocarpa L. DENGAN PELARUT ETHANOL DAN AQUADES TERHADAP BAKTERI STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS PENYEBAB MASTITIS PADA SAPI PERAH

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    Wina Astriyani

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was determined effect of inhibitory the Phaleria macrocarpa  L. fruits extract with ethanol and aquades solvents againts Staphylococcus aureus. Materials used was Staphylococcus aureus which isolated from mastitis milk. Phaleria macrocarpa  L. fruits powder were extracted using ethanol and aquades with concentration were 10%, 20%, 30% and 40%. Iodips was used as control. Inhibitory of bacteria effect test was done by well diffusion methods. Variable was inhibition zone of each concentration, both of ethanol and aquades solvent. Data was analyzed by using two way nested ANOVA and continued by Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT. Result showed that highly significantly (P<0.01 on inhibition zone of Staphylococcus aures. Diameters of inhibitory was the optimum inhibition with ethanol solvent (17.46±0.67mm and aquades solvent (11.14±0.30 mm. The best of  treatment of  Phaleria macrocarpa  L. fruits extract againts Staphylococcus aureus with ethanol and aquades solvent was 40%. The conclusion of this research is that mahkota dewa (Phaleria macrocarpa  L. fruits extract with ethanol and aquades solvent in concentration 40% had a high ability to inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. Phaleria macrocarpa  L. fruits extract with ethanol higher in inhibiting capability the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria compared to aquades solvent.

  10. Pengaruh Perbandingan Bubur Buah Sirsak (Annona muricata L.) dengan Bubur Bit (Beta vulgaris) dan Konsentrasi Gum Arab terhadap Mutu Fruit Leather

    OpenAIRE

    Rini, Putri Septia

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this research was to find the effect of ratio of soursop with beet pulps and several arabic gum concentration on the quality of mixture soursop and beet fruit leather. This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Food Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sumatera Utara, Medan, using completely randomized design with two factors, i.e. :ratio of soursop with beet pulps (P) : (90% : 10% ; 80% : 20% ; 70% : 30% ; 60% : 40%; 50% : 50%) and arabic gum concentration (S): ...

  11. POTENSI BUAH SALAK (Salacca edulis, R. SEBAGAI SUPLEMEN HIPOLIPIDEMIK DITINJAU DARI GAMBARAN HISTOPATOLOGI JANTUNG DAN HEPAR MENCIT YANG DIBERI DIET RENDAH LEMAK

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    Tri Hardjana

    2016-10-01

      This study aims to study the structure of the heart histopathologic and the liver of white rat given the Salacca edulis, R extract and animal fat diet. This research used experimental research with the aim to measure the response of an object that appears as a result of the change in a factor that is about it. Place of research did in animal house of Yogyakarta State University and observation of preparations did in the laboratory of biological, faculty of mathematics and natural science, at Yogyakarta State University during the months of June to October 2015. Independent study variables such as salacca edulis, R extract, while the dependent variable is the description of liver histopathology includes damaged cells and fat cell infiltration, while the heart includes endothelial damage and infiltration of fat cells. Data were analyzed descriptively to present the frequency distribution, Linkages between these variables are presented in table format and analyzed with cross descriptive statistics. The results are (1 the structure of the heart histopathologic white rat given salacca edulis, R extract and animal fat diet have endotel defect and fat infiltration less than structure of the heart histopahologic white rat given animal fat diet. (2 the structure of the liver histopathologic white rat given salacca edulis, R extract and animal fat diet have endotel defect and fat infiltration more  than structure of the heart histopahologic white rat given animal fat diet. Keywords: Salacca edulis, R, fat, histopathology, liver, heart

  12. KAJIAN TERHADAP PROSPEK PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN BIOAKTIF BUAH MAHKOTA DEWA (P. Macrocarpa SEBAGAI KANDIDAT NEW CHEMICAL ENTITY (NCE UNTUK PENGOBATAN KANKER (SITOSTATIKA

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    Vivi Lisdawati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. In the last few years there are tendency for cancer study to develop in discovery of new chemical entity (NCE for new drugs. The needed of NCE based on reality that cancer therapy reaches a resistant level very fast. By developing NCE, multiply cancer drugs can be used at one therapy and be implemented as a solution to inhibit a resistant level and very useful in recovery time. Natural products are the most important sources of NCE and could be used from plants, animals or minerals. Most of the natural products used in Indonesia are recognized from plants. Plants secondary metabolites show promise for cancer chemoprevention, which has been defined as the use of non cytotoxic nutrient or pharmacological agents to enhance intrinsic physiological mechanism that protect the organism against mutant clones of malignant cells. The study of plants secondary metabolites is nowadays moved from improvement of the empiric activity to meet the relationship between the structures of chemical compounds to its pharmacology activities. Development of study on plants in Indonesia is also pointed on discovery of NCE for new drugs of cancer and the cellular cytotoxic mechanism of the biological activity. Extracts from the fruit of P. macrocarpa is one of the sources for NCE of cancer drug in Indonesia. Some isolates already isolated from the extracts, i.e. lignan compound Ci9H2o06: 5-[4(4-Methoxy-phenyl-tetrahydrofurof3,4-cJfuran-l-yl]-benzene-1,2,3-triol and benzophenon compound: 4', 6-dihiroksi-4-metoksibenzofenon-2-0-glukoside. Using chemotaxonomy Dahlgren and Conqruist system approached indicate that these compounds have anti proliferation and pro apoptotic as their cytotoxic activities. The pharmacology activities from the fruit extracts also have been studied. For cytotoxic activities, the fruit extracts showed ICSo values from 5 to 7.71. jug/ml for leukemia LI 210 cell line; and IC50 values 196.74 jug/ml for HeLa cell line. The extracts also showed antioxidant activity with IC50 values 103.75 g/ml (most active level. Antihistamine activity showed 6.25; 12.5; 25; 50 and 100 %b/v doses could decrease the histamine control significantly (p <0.05. The review article is needed to support a development and improvement of the fruit extracts of P. macrocarpa to be considered as the most important sources of NCE for new cancer drug.   Key words: P. macrocarpa, new chemical entity, cytotoxic

  13. Cholinergic and anticholinesterase activities of total protein extract ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Traditional herbal medicines such as Morinda morindoïdes are used for treatment of intestinal disorders including constipation in Ivory Coast. The aim of present study was to investigate the effect of total protein of Morinda morindoïdes extract (PT-Mm) on rabbit duodenum contractility and the involved possible ...

  14. Mutagenic and antimutagenic potentials of fruit juices of five ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mutagenic and antimutagenic activities of freeze dried fruit juices (FDFJ) of Morinda elliptica Ridl. (Rubiaceae), Morinda citrifolia L. (Rubiaceae), Averrhoa bilimbi L. (Oxalidaceae), Phyllantus acidus (L.) Skeels (Phyllantaceae) and Myristica fragrans Houtt. (Myristicaceae) in Allium cepa L was evaluated. Testing the ...

  15. KAJIAN EKSTRAKSI PEKTIN DARI LIMBAH JERUK RIMAU GERGA LEBONG (JERUK RGL DAN JERUK KALAMANSI

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    Yessy Rosalina

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu tanaman yang potensial dikembangkan di Propinsi Bengkulu adalah buah jeruk Rimau Gerga Lebong (RGL dan jeruk Kalamansi. Tanaman buah jeruk Gerga Lebong dan jeruk Kalamansi, merupakan salah satu bahan baku industri pengolahan sirup buah. Limbah yang dihasilkan dari industri ini berupa kulit buah dan kulit+daging buah hasil pengepresan sari buah. Limbah tersebut berpotensi sebagai sumber pektin. Pektin adalah suatu komponen serat yang terdapat pada lapisan lamella tengah dan dinding sel primer pada tanaman. Senyawa-senyawa pektin juga berfungsi sebagai bahan perekat antra dinding sel yang satu dan lainnya (Winarno, 1991. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melakukan kajian terhadap rendemen dan mutu pektin yang dihasilkan dari limbah jeruk Gerga Lebong dan jeruk Kalamansi. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa rendemen pektin dari limbah Jeruk kalamansi lebih besar dari limbah jeruk Gerga Lebong. Secara berturut-turut rendemen yanga dihasilkan adalah 15,3 % (kulit jeruk kalamansi, 7, 82 % (kulit+daging buah kalamansi, 1,5 % (kulit jeruk Gerga Lebong dan 0,18 % (kulit+daging buah jeruk Gerga Lebong. Hasil analisa mutu terhadap variabel Galakturonat menunjukan bahwa nilai Galakturonat pada kulit jeruk Kalamansi mempunyai nilai tertinggi yaitu 93,51 %. Analisa terhadap derajat Esterifikasi menunjukan bahwa pektin hasil ekstraksi limbah jeruk Gerga Lebong dan jeruk Kalamansi tergolong pada pektin bermetoksil rendah, dengan nilai derajat esterifikasi pada kisaran 13,77-20,83.

  16. BALINESE FRUIT SHOOTER GAME WAS CATEGORIZED AS A VIRTUAL REALITY-BASED WHICH WAS APPROPRIATE AS INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA IN KINDERGARTEN (GAME BALINESE FRUIT SHOOTER BERBASIS VIRTUAL REALITY SEBAGAI MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN DI TAMAN KANAK-KANAK

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    Made Aditya Pranata

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Ab stract. Local Balinese fruits competed between imported fruit which existence was not uncommon and some local Balinese fruits that were once very popular in the community, and now that was rarely founded. The present generation is more familiar with various imported fruits than local fruits, especially in Bali (Rai, 2016. Based on these problems required a media used to introduce local Balinese fruit, one of which is imstructional media. The Activities are grouping local Balinese fruit by color by shooting. That activities are conducting to motivate the interest of learning, to increase insights related to local Balinese fruit, to introduce local Balinese fruit to kindergarten children, and to give an overview of the form of local Balinese fruit. Development of Balinese Fruit Shooter game based on Virtual Reality as instructional media in Ceria Asih of Kindergarten Singaraja using ADDIE model. The final result is a Virtual Reality based Balinese Fruit Shooter game about shooting local Balinese fruits by color as an introduction to local Balinese fruit for early childhood that can be played through a computer with HTC VIVE headsets. Results for field trials involving 10 children of Ceria Asih Kindergarten Singaraja reached 92.2% with very appropriate criteria. This application can be used as a media to introduce the local fruit of Bali in learning in kindergarten with sub themes of fruits. Abstrak. Buah lokal Bali bersaing antara buah impor yang keberadaannya tidak jarang ditemukan dan beberapa buah lokal Bali yang dulu sangat populer di masyarakat, saat ini sudah mulai jarang ditemukan. Generasi sekarang lebih mengenal berbagai buah impor daripada buah lokal khususnya di Bali (Rai, 2016. Berdasarkan permasalahan tersebut diperlukan suatu media yang digunakan untuk memperkenalkan buah lokal Bali, salah satunya adalah media pemebelajaran. Kegiatan yang dilakukan adalah mengelompokan buah lokal Bali berdasarkan warna dengan cara menembak

  17. Amino Acids Content in Mangosteen Fruit as Affected by Tree Ages

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    Eko Setiawan

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Kita meneliti perbedaan kandungan dan komposisi asam amino pada buah manggis yang dipanen dari pohon yang berbeda umur dari kebun Manggis di Bogor pada tahun 2012. Pohon manggis dengan umur yang berbeda (muda, sekitar 20 tahun; sedang, sekitar umur 35 tahun; dan tua, sekitar 50 tahundipilih untuk diambil buahnya. Buah dari tiap pohon dipanen pada kondisi masak hijau spot kuning-merah. Pada buah dari semua umur pohon, asam amino yang dominan adalah γ-aminobutyric acid dan alanine. Total kandungan asam amino tertinggi terdapat pada buah yang dipetik dari pohon umur muda dari pada  buah yang dipetik dari pohon umur sedang dan tuaKata kunci: asam amino, GABA, kandungan, manggis

  18. Effect of Vapor Heat Treatment on the Mortality of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae and the Quality of Mango cv. Arumanis

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    Tri Wulan Widya Lestari

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Arumanis is a superior export variety mango from Indonesia. One inhibiting factor on the production of this fruit variety is the infestation of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae fruit fly. Vapor heat treatment was recommended by ISPM No. 28 of 2007 as an effective treatment in eradicating fruit flies. This research was aimed to find out the optimum temperature and the duration of vapor heat treatment on the mortality of egg and larvae of B. dorsalis. The experiment was conducted in the Laboratory of Vapor Heat Treatment, BBPOPT, Jatisari, from October 2016 to January 2017. The observed parameters were temperature, duration of treatment, mortality of egg and larvae of fruit fly, and fruit quality. The results showed that vapor heat treatment at 47°C for 40 minutes (min was effective to reduce the number of eggs and larvae of B. dorsalis and had no negative impact on the fruit quality.   Intisari Buah mangga varietas Arumanis merupakan varietas mangga ekspor unggulan Indonesia. Salah satu faktor pembatas produksi buah mangga varietas Arumanis adalah lalat buah B. dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae. Perlakuan uap panas direkomendasikan oleh ISPM Nomor 28 tahun 2007 sebagai tindakan perlakuan yang efektif dalam mengeradikasi lalat buah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui suhu dan waktu optimum perlakuan uap panas terhadap mortalitas telur dan larva B. dorsalis pada buah mangga varietas Arumanis tanpa merusak kualitas buah. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Vapor Heat Treatment, BBPOPT, Jatisari, pada Oktober 2016 sampai dengan Januari 2017. Parameter yang diamati adalah suhu, lamanya waktu perlakuan, mortalitas telur dan larva lalat buah, dan kualitas buah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan uap panas pada suhu 47°C selama 40 menit terbukti efektif membunuh telur dan larva B. dorsalis dan tidak berdampak negatif terhadap kualitas buah.

  19. POTENSI SENYAWA BIOAKTIF MESOCARP BUAH LONTAR (Borassus fl abeliffer L. SEBAGAI SUMBER ANTIOKSIDAN ALAMI (Potency of Mesocarp Bioactive Compounds in Lontar Fruit (Borassus fl abeliffer L. as A Source of Natural Antioxidant

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    Eny Idayati

    2014-10-01

    satu senyawa antioksidan. Identifi kasi dengan metode KLT yang menghasilkan 2 noda yaitu noda 1 diduga karotenoid dari golongan xantofi l dan noda 2 yatu  karoten. Kata kunci: Antioksidan alami, mesocarp lontar, senyawa bioaktif

  20. AKTIVITAS ANTIHIPERURIKEMIA EKSTRAK ETIL ASETAT DAN ETANOL BUAH SALAK VARIETAS BONGKOK (Salacca edulis Reinw. PADA TIKUS GALUR WISTAR [Antihyperuricemic Activity of Ethyl Acetate and Ethanol Extracts of Snake Fruit var. Bongkok (Salacca edulis Reinw. on Wistar Rat

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    Leni Herliani Afrianti1*

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the study was to determine antihyperuricemic activity of ethyl acetate and ethanol extractsof snake fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw. var. Bongkok on Wistar male rats. Wistar male rats administered with 100 and 200 mg/kg b.w ethyl acetat extract and 200 mg/kg b.w ethanol extract and simulationsly induced with potassium oxonate peritoneally and uric acid orally showed descreased uric acid serum level significantly as compared to control group at 6th and 7thhour (p < 0.05. Meanwhile ethanol extract at 100 mg/kg bw did not affect uric acid serum level significantly. Determination of uric acid level in urine of the rats, indicated that administration ofethanol extract at 200 mg/kg bw, orprobenecid as a standard at 45 mg/kg bw, increased excretion of urine uric acid level significantly as compared to control group at 7thhour (p < 0.05. Additionally, administration of ethyl acetate extract at 100 and 200 mg/kg bw did not show an increase of uric acid excretion in urine. Mechanism of action of the ethyl acetate extract and ethanol extract as an antihyperuricemic agent has been proposed by inhibition of xanthine oxidase activity wich decrease the synthesis of uric acid. Hence, the mechanism of action of antihyperuricemia of the ethanol extract was suggested to be an uricosuric i.e. increases the excretion of urine uric acid and xanthine oxidase inhibitory.

  1. PENGARUH SARI BUAH NANAS (ANANAS COMOSUS DAN LAMA PENYIMPANAN TERHADAP JUMLAH KOLONI BAKTERI DAN KADAR PROTEIN IKAN BANDENG (CHANOS CHANOS SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR DALAM PERENCANAAN PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI MATERI KINGDOM MONERA

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    Qorry Aulya Rohmana

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this research is to know effect of any pineaple extract juice concentration and duration of saving and to determine concentration of the pineaple fruit extract juice and duration of saving which are the most optimal to the sum of bacterial colony and protein degree in bandeng fish. Research type used was True Experiment Design. A scheme used was Complete Random Scheme of factorial pattern. Data was as such the total of bacterial colony and protein contained in bandeng fish. Result of the research shows that concentration of pineaple fruit extract juise and duration of saving effect the bacterial colony total and protein containe in bandeng fish. The total of bacterial colony gets more as the duration of saving gets longer. As for protein contained in the bandeng fish gets lower as the saving duration goes.

  2. Pengaruh Bobot Dan Komposisi Media, Rangsangan Suhu Dan Kimiawi Terhadap Pembentukan Tubuh Buah Jamur Shiitake {Lenhnus Edodes*the Effect of Weight and Composition of Media, Temperatures and Chemically Stimulation on Fruiting Body Formation of Shiitake (

    OpenAIRE

    Subowo, YB; Latupapua, HJD

    1998-01-01

    Research on the effect of weight and composition of media, temperature and chemically stimulation on fruiting body formation of shiitake (Lentinus edodes) had been done in Wamena, Jayawijaya district, Irian Jay a. The research consisted of three experiments. The first experiment consisted of 3 kinds of media such as media A, B and C(A- sawdust and 100% standard nutrition; B = sawdust and 50% standard nutrition; and C = sawdust without nutrition) and three kinds of temperatures were 20°C (room...

  3. Analisis Nilai Gizi Telur Itik Asin Yang Dibuat Dengan Media Kulit Buah Manggis Selama Masa Pemeraman (NUTRIENT ANALYSIS OF DUCK SALTED EGGS MADE BY MANGOSTEEN RIND MEDIA DURING SALTING PERIODS

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    Kadek Karang Agustina

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this research were to determine the level of nutrient in duck salted eggs made by using mangosteen rind media observed by water content, ash, fat, protein and carbohydrate during salting periods. This research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD, with twofactors. First were media;   mangosteen rind media and brick media. Second were salting periods;7, 14 and 21 days. The level of nutrient contain in duck salted eggs measured according to  Association of Official Analytical Chemist (1984 methods. These data analyzed by T tests tocompare the level of nutrient contain in duck salted eggs produced between medias during saltingperiods. The results show that during the curing process by using the mangosteen rind media wasobserved at days 7, 14 and 21 decreased water and fat content of salted eggs. While the ash, proteinand carbohydrates content increased successively. When compared with the bricks media, all levelof nutritional parameters did not show a significant difference. So it can be concluded that themangosteen rind can be used as a media for making salted eggs.

  4. Aktivitas Antifibrotik Ekstrak Buah Delima Terstandar 40% Ellagic Acid pada Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus sebagai Hewan Model (ANTIFIBROTIC ACTIVITY OF POMEGRANATE FRUIT EXTRACT STANDARDIZED 40% ELLAGIC ACID ON RATS (RATTUS NORVEGICUS AS ANIMAL MODEL

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    Wiwik Misaco Yuniarti

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The number of patients with chronic liver disease (fibrosis or cirrhosis of the liver is increasing fromtime to time. However, until now there is no therapy that really effective to overcome that disease. Therapyfor liver fibrosis typically use substance that have antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory or anti fibrotic.Various efforts always done to find alternative therapies for liver fibrosis. One of them is the use ofpotential plants that suspected having such activity. Various parts of pomegranate have been shown tohave various activities that beneficial for health. This study was conducted to determine the effect ofpomegranate fruit extract standardized 40% ellagic acid on the improvement degree of liver fibrosis causedby cholestasis by measuring of serum alkaline phosphatase levels (ALP and gamma-glutamyl transferase(GGT, as a specific indicator of liver damage becaused of cholestasis. The research was conducted by using32 male rats, wistar strain, 2.5 month old, weighing between 150-200 grams. Animal models of liver fibrosis obtained by using BDL technique. Subjects were divided into a control group (P0 = without BDLand giving of pomegranate extract and treatment groups (P1 = BDL with administration of CMC, P2 =BDL with ellagic acid 90% and P3 = BDL with pomegranate fruit extract standardized 40% ellagic acid.CMC, extract (150 mg / kg BW / PO and ellagic acid (60 mg / kg BW / PO administered for 21 consecutivedays in the same volume. At the end of 21 days periods, biochemical evaluation was performed to measureserum levels of GGT and ALP. The result indicated that administration of pomegranate fruit extract ( P3significantly reduced GGT ( 10.5±9.2 mg/dl and ALP level ( 509.0±4.2 mg/dl close to normal level of GGTand ALP ( P0, GGT : 2.8 ± 1.4; ALP : 449.0±62.3 (p<0.05. The level of GGT and ALP in P3 group were lowercompared to the group ellagic acid (P2, GGT=48.5±4.8 and ALP = 691.0± 29.7 and group which only begiven CMC (P1, GGT 191.0±35.4 and ALP 890 ± 5.7 ( p<0.05. Extract of pomegranate fruit thatstandardized with 40% ellagic acid is potential as a antifibrotic agent.

  5. PENGARUH SUHU DAN KELEMBABAN UDARA TERHADAP PERUBAHAN MUTU TABLET EFFERVESCEN SARI BUAH SELAMA PENYIMPANAN [Influence of Temperature and Relative Humidity on the Quality of Fruit Juice Effervescent Tablet During Storage

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    Ansar

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to study the influence of temperature and relative humidity on the quality of the fruit juice effervescent tablet. Sample of the passion fruit effervescent tablet was prepared from passion fruit granular, aspartame, polyetilene glycol, citric acid, and sodium bicarbonate. Variable analyzed was dissolution rate of the tablet during storage. The results indicated that temperature and humidity significantly affect dissolution rate of the fruit juice effervescent tablet. The reason for the decrease in dissolution rate was because at high storage temperature (35oC, sodium bicarbonate was not stable. The bicarbonate amount gradually decreased because it reacted with citric acid. Consequently, when the tablet was dissolved, the reaction between sodium bicarbonate and citric acid was slow. At high relative humidity (85.5% of storage, the reaction occurred prior to the dissolution due to moisture intake.

  6. MASA SIMPAN BUAH MANGGIS (Garcinia mangostana L. PADA BERBAGAI TINGKAT KEMATANGAN, SUHU DAN JENID KEMASAN [Shelf life of Manggis Fruit (Garcinia mangostana L. at Various Fruit Maturity Levels, Temperature, and Types of Packaging

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    Hasbi1

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to study the effect of manggis fruit maturity levels, temperature, and types of packaging on the shelf fife of manggis fruit (Garcinia mangostana L, The experimental design used was Factorial Completely Randomized Design with three factors consisting of manggis fruit maturity levels (tinged with purple and brown, packaging types (flexible and stretch film, and storage temperature (l50C and 250C using two replication for each treatment. The result showed that maturity level had significant effect on weight toss, color but had no significant effect on hardness, total sugar and total acid of manggis fruit during storage. The suitable packaging type to maintain the quality of manggis fruit with maturity level of tinged purple was the flexible type, which result n a shelf life of 33 days. Packaging suitable for manggis fruit with maturity level of brown was the stretch type, which had the shelf life of 39 days. Storage temperature to maintain quality was l50C.

  7. SIFAT FISIK DAN KIMIA BUAH MANGGA (Mangifera indica L. SELAMA PENYIMPANAN DENGAN BERBAGAI METODE PENGEMASAN [Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Mangos (Mangifera indica L. during Storage with Various Methods of Packaging

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    Daniel Saputra

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The research was aimed to determine the physical and chemical characteristics of mangos in various packing methods during storage. Factorial Completely Randomized Design with four treatments and three replications were used in this research. The treatments were individually and collectively packed mangos which were stored at 10 and 200C. The physical and chemical changes of mangos in the flexible packaging (individual and collective were slower than mangos without packaging. Collectively packed mango stored was with the storage temperature of 100C was found to have longer shelf life than that of other treatments. On day 25, the collectively packed mango had weight loss of 1,464%, 0,316 Kgf hardness, 11,4% total sugars, 0,44% total acids, and 229,44 mg/100g vitamin C. Further duo-trio test indicated that panelists could detect the differences of the taste between packed and freshly harvested mangos. The hedonic test shows that most panelists preferred the taste of mangos that were collectively packed and stored at 100C (on day 10.

  8. UJI VIABILITAS DAN PERKEMBANGAN SERBUK SARI BUAH NAGA PUTIH (HYLOCEREUS UNDATUS (HAW. BRITTON & ROSE, MERAH (HYLOCEREUS POLYRHIZUS (WEB. BRITTON & ROSE DAN SUPER MERAH (HYLOCEREUS COSTARICENSIS (WEB. BRITTON & ROSE SETELAH PENYIMPANAN

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    NI KADEK YUNITA SARI

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research was to determine pollen viability, pollen tube length and pollen development of white, red and super red dragon fruit after storage at different temperatures and times. The method used to test pollen viability was hanging drop technique and to observe the development of pollen used acetolysis techniques. The results showed viability and pollen tube length of white, red and super red dragon fruit after storage at temperature of 10° C and -20° C for 1, 2 and 3 weeks decreased (66% and 25%, tended to increase (2% after 4 weeks. Viability and pollen tube length decreased (100% after storage at 30° C for 4 weeks. Pollen development of white, red and super red dragon fruit after storage at 30°C, 10°C and -20°C for 1 to 4 weeks showed the majority of pollen consists of uninucleat and binucleat.

  9. VIABILITAS DAN STABILITAS Lactobacillus Plantarum Mut7 FNCC 250 YANG DISUPLEMENTASIKAN DALAM SARI BUAH PEPAYA-NANAS SELAMA PENYIMPANAN [Viability and Stability of Lactobacillus Plantarum Mut 7 FNCC 250 Suplemented in Papaya-Pineapple Juice During Storage

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    Sri Hartati1

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Lactobacillus plantarum Mut7 FNCC 250 is an indigenous bacterium isolated from fermented food (“gatot” and a potential agent to reduce cholesterol. Study the on aplication of the bacterium as probiotic agent to food stuff is needed. The purpose of the study was to prepare formula of papaya-pineapple juice as probiotic carrier and to study the viability and capability of Lactobacillus plantarum Mut7 FNCC 250 to assimilate cholesterol during three months storage. Fruits juice was prepared with different formula and organoleptically tested. Selected juice formula was supplemented with Lactobacillus plantarum Mut7 FNCC 250 and stored in cool room (4-5 oC. During three month storage, the value of pH the product, cell viability and ability to assimilate cholesterol were evaluated. The result indicated that acceptable formula was papaya juice added with 25 % pineapple. Viability of Lactobacillus plantarum Mut7 FNCC 250 supplemented in papaya- pineapple juice was stable (decrease of < 1 log cycle, while the pH of the juice decreased after 3 month storage. The ability of Lactobacillus plantarum Mut7 FNCC 250 to assimilate cholesterol was stable within 2 months storage, but decreased after 3 months.

  10. Ekstrak Etanol dan Fraksi Heksan Buah Pare (Momordica charantia Sebagai Penurun Kadar Glukosa Darah Tikus Diabetes (ETHANOL EXTRACT AND HEXANE FRACTION OF MOMORDICA CHARANTIA DECREASE BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL OF DIABETIC RAT

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    I Nyoman Suartha

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The research on the potency of Momordica charantia as lowering blood glucose has been carried out.The fruit was extracted by 70 % ethanol at room temperature. The extract was then partition with NHexane.The filtrate of partition was purified with thin layer chromatography. Three months old of whitemale rats (Rattus novergicus with approximately 200-250 grams in weight were used as Bio-indicators.This study used a randomized block design (CRD consisting of eight treatment groups (each treatmentconsisted of five rats. Rats were injected with streptozotocin to get hyperglycemic condition. The M.charantia fruit fraction (fraction 1-5 with dose 100 mg/kg bw was treated to each group when the ratt wason hyperglycemic condition. Rat blood glucose levels were observed on days 0, 4, 11, and 18 respectively .The results showed that blood glucose levels of M. charantia fraction 1and 5 with dose of 100 mg/kg bwhave the same effect with a negative control from day 4th, fraction 2 on day 18 whereas The others fractionare 3, and 4 were effect on days 18th. Based on the result it can be concluded that the M. charantia fraction1 with dose of 100 mg/kg bw effectively in decreasing the blood glucose levels of diabetic rat.

  11. EFFECT OF PRETREATMENTS ON CHEMICAL AND ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES OF SKY FRUIT (Swietenia macrophylla SEED OIL [Pengaruh Pra-perlakuan Terhadap Sifat Kimia dan Antioksidan Minyak Biji Buah Tunjuk Langit (Swietenia macrophylla

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    Hayati Mohd Yusof

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of pretreatments on chemical and antioxidant properties of sky fruit (Swietenia macrohylla seed oil. The seeds were treated with different heat pretreatments (roasting, steaming, and microwaving and subsequently subjected to oil extraction by using a Bligh and Dyer method. It was found that different pretreatments significantly (p<0.05 affected yield and peroxide value of the extracted oils. However, no significant effect of pretreatment was observed on free fatty acid content of the seed oils. The oils exhibited significantly different levels of 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH scavenging activity due to different heat pretreatments. The results revealed that the mean percentages of DPPH scavenging activity of untreated (control seed oil (87.69% and steamed seed oil (83.40% were significantly higher than those of roasted seed oil (75.71% as well as the microwaved one (63.98%. In contrast, the pretreatments did not significantly affect total phenolic content (TPC of the seed oils with the TPC mean values ranging from 0.016 to 0.022 mg/g (as gallic acid. Data gained from this study provided valuable information for edible oil industries in searching for alternative source of edible oil with medicinal benefits.

  12. MANFAAT BIJI LABU (Cucurbita sp. UNTUK KESEHATAN

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    Djoko Hargono

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Daging buah C. moschata Duch. ex Poir yang telah masak dapat dimakan setelah dikukus, disayur atau dijadikan kolak. Daun tumbuhan yang muda dan kuncup bunganya dimakan sebagai sayuran. Bijinya setelah diasin dan dikeringkan di sinar matahari atau cara lain dikonsumsi sebagai kuaci. Daging buah dan biji C. pepo L dan C. maxima Duch dimakan setelah diolah seperti daging buah dan biji C. moschata Duch. ex Poir. Secara tradisional biji C. moschata Duch ex Poir digunakan sebagai obat kecacingan, terutama untuk cacing pita.

  13. Quality of pineapple fruits as influenced by Floral Induction in Ghana ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bediako, FA Showemimo, JN Buah, AO Ntow-Manu. Abstract. No Abstract. Nigerian Journal of Horticultural Science Vol. 11 () 2006: pp.26-30. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT.

  14. Recommended alternative daily intake of fruits and vegetables for Indonesian elderly

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    Nurhayati Nurhayati

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLatar belakang:Organisasi Kesehatan se Dunia (WHO merekomendasin konsumsi sayur dan buah paling sedikit 400 gr atau 5 (lima porsi sayur dan buah sehari. Penelitian ini untuk menentukan alternatif jumlah dan jenis anjuran konsumsi sayur dan buah untuk usia 65 tahun atau lebih untuk kecukupan zat gizi vitamin A, vitamin C, potassium, asam folat, dan serat. Metode:Penelitian menggunakan data konsumsi sayur dan buah dari data Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas tahun 2010. Analisis data menggunakan program analisis linier untuk memperoleh lima alternatif jumlah dan jenis sayur dan buah untuk usia lebih dari 65 tahun.Hasil:Subjek yang dapat dianalisis sebanyak 7087 orang. Lima jenis buah yang paling banyak dikonsumsi adalah pisang, jeruk, pepaya, apel dan semangka. Lima jenis sayur yang paling banyak dikonsumsi adalah sayur bayam, sayur kangkung, sayur daun singkong, sayur asam, dan sayur sop. Berdasarkan hasil analisis progam linier dan ngka Kecukupan Gizi tahun 2004 untuk vitamin A, vitamin C, asam folat, serat, dan potasium bagi usia lebih dari 65 tahun, maka jumlah anjuran konsumsi sayur dan buah adalah 300 gram sayuran dan 200-400 gram buah.Kesimpulan: Anjuran alternatif konsumsi sayur dan buah untuk usia lebih dari 65 tahun adalah 300 gram (3 mangkok sayuran dan 200-400 gram (2-4 potong buah. (Health Science Indones 2014;1:30-4Kata kunci:anjuran konsumsi harian, sayur, buah, usia lajut AbstractBackground: The WHO recommends the daily consumption of fruits and vegetables of at least 400 grams or 5 servings. This study was conducted to assess consumption of fruits and vegetables in 65 year-old and above Indonesians, and the adequacy of daily requirements of vitamin A, vitamin C, potassium, folic acid, and fiber. Methods: The study used data from 2010 National Health Survey Indonesia. Using linier programming, 5 alternatives of combination of fruits and vegetables were presented for 65 year-old and above.Result: The number of subjects that

  15. 2082-IJBCS -Article-Basseme Emmanuel

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

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    RESUME. La présente étude a pour but d'évaluer l'activité anti-inflammatoire de Morinda geminata. DC, plante de la famille des Rubiaceae largement répandue dans la sous-région d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Des rats de souche wistar ont été répartis en 2 lots de 5 puis gavés aux extraits aqueux de racines de Morinda geminata ...

  16. IDENTIFIKASI SENYAWA VOLATIL DALAM OLAHAN LIMBAH KAKAO SEBAGAI POTENSI ATRAKTAN BACTROCERA CARAMBOLAE (DIPTERA:TEPHRITIDAE

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    Dyah Rini Indriyanti

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Limbah kakao cair yang diolah dengan cara pemanasan dan pemberian enzim proteolitik dapat menarik lalat buah Bactrocera carambolae di laboratorium. Olahan limbah kakao menghasilkan senyawa volatil yang menarik B. carambolae. Lalat buah Bactrocera spp. merupakan hama penting tanaman buah dan sayuran. Penelitian bertujuan mengidentifikasi senyawa atraktan olahan limbah kakao. Senyawa volatil tersebut diidentifikasi dengan GC-MS menggunakan pelarut metanol dan diperkuat dengan analisis infra merah. Hasil identifikasi berdasarkan analisis fragmentasi GC-MS menunjukkan bahwa olahan limbah kakao mengandung enam senyawa volatil: etil-2-hidroksi propanoat (5,96%; cis-7-dodesenil asetat (2,28%; senyawa asetami- da (1,36%; 3,5-dihidroksi-2metil-5,6-dihidropiran (16,64%; hidroksimetilfurfurol (52,31%; dan derivat1-undekuna (3,34%. Senyawa ini diperkuat oleh identifikasi beberapa gugus fungsional yang ditunjukkan dalam spektra infra merah olahan limbah kakao.

  17. Simulasi dan Analisis Transmisi Multihop Mobile WiMAX Dengan Metode Hybrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamad Asvial

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Makalah ini membahas tentang pengembangan relay station untuk transmisi downlink Mobile WiMAX dengan menggunakan metode hybrid, yaitu metode transmisi yang menggunakan tiga buah transmisi. Ketiga transmisi tersebut yaitu dua buah transmisi yang melewati relay station terlebih dahulu baru ke receiver dan satu buah transmisi langsung dari pengirim ke penerima. Pada relay station ada dua kondisi yang berlaku, yaitu Decode and Forward (DF dan Amplify and Forward (AF. Hasil simulasi menunjukkan bahwa ketika Relay Station dalam mode forwarding Amplify and Forward (AF akan memperoleh BER yang kecil sehingga throughput besar dan merupakan perfomansi yang terbaik. Ketika masing-masing relay station diatur agar menggunakan mode forwarding yang berbeda, misalnya AF pada relay station 1 dan DF pada Relay Station 2 atau sebaliknya akan memperoleh hasil yang sama. Sedangkan ketika kedua relay station diatur untuk menggunakan mode forwarding Decode and Forward (DF, maka BER yang dihasilkan besar dan throughput-nya pun kecil, dan kondisi ini merupakan yang terburuk.

  18. Physicochemical properties of lignocellulosic biofibres from South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Five plant raw materials collected from South Eastern part of Nigeria were used for biofibre extraction and analysis to assess their suitability for biocomposite production. Lignocellulosic biofibres were extracted from young stems of Adenia lobata, Ampelocissus leonensis, Cissus palmatifida, Morinda morindoides and Urena ...

  19. A Study of the Hepatic Tolerance of the Ethyl Acetate Fraction of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: In this study, the effect of the ethyl acetate fraction of the extract of Morinda morindoides (Baker) Milne-Redhead (Rubiaceae) on the tissue and metabolic integrity of rabbit liver was evaluated. Methods: Thirty rabbits (divided equally between male and female) were randomly distributed into five (5) groups of six (6) ...

  20. Comparative study of synthesized silver and gold nanoparticles ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    due to its distinctive properties like good conductivity, chem- ical stability and catalytic and antibacterial activities ... The cytotoxic and antioxidant activity exhibited by the leaves and the anti-hyperglycemic and antilipidemic ..... ver and gold nanoparticles using Morinda tinctoria fruit and. Couroupita guianensis flower extract, ...

  1. Untitled

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    (Champion, loc. cit., p. 242). In the “western oak-fir forest”, which is represented at Deoban in the. Chakrata division, Jaunsar, it occurs with Abies Pindrow, Picea Morinda,. Q. dilatata, Acer Caesium, Ilex dipyrena, Rosa macrophylla, Rubus niveus,. Lonicera angustifolia, Viburnum fatens, Salix elegans, Rhamnus purpurea,.

  2. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 8301 - 8350 of 11090 ... Issue, Title. Vol 8, No 22 (2009), Phytochemical compounds and antimicrobial activity of three medicinal plants (Alchornea hirtella, Morinda geminata and Craterispermum laurinum) from Sierra, Abstract PDF. L Koroma, BN Ita. Vol 9, No 21 (2010), Phytochemical constituents and antimicrobial ...

  3. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effects of tahitian noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) juice on some hematological and biochemical parameters of male albino wistar rats. Abstract · Vol 26, No 1 (2011) - Articles The relationship between body mass index, semen and sex hormones in adult male. Abstract PDF · Vol 26, No 1 (2011) - Articles Gastric Cytoprotection and ...

  4. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... No 1 (2006) - Articles Assessment of the antioxidant potential of alcoholic extract of Garcinia kola seed in alcohol induced testicular oxidative stress in sprague-dawley rat ... Vol 7, No 2 (2008) - Articles Anti Diabetic Effect of Fruit Juice of Morinda Citrifolia (Tahitian Noni Juice®) on Experimentally Induced Diabetic Rats

  5. Variation of the chemical composition of four forage shrubs ( Albizia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: This study is conducted, to know the chemical composition at different periods of the dry season, of four major fodder shrubs (Albizia lebbeck, Leucaena leucocephala, Morinda lucida and Senna siamea), used to supplement poor fodders in animal feed, in the conditions of southeast Gabon. Methodology and ...

  6. African Journal of Biomedical Research - Vol 11, No 1 (2008)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Epidemiological patterns of human immunodeficiency virus and herpes simplex virus co-infection in ibadan, nigeria · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT ... Pharmacological evaluation of oral hypoglycemic and antidiabetic effects of fresh leaves ethanol extract of morinda lucida benth. in normal and alloxan- ...

  7. Effect of maturity and harvest season on antioxidant activity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Antioxidant activity diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH), the ferric-reducing antioxidant power assay (FRAP), nitric oxide (NO)], total polyphenols, phenolic compounds and ascorbic acid of Morinda citrifolia L. fruits were investigated as a function of maturity and three seasons patterns in Mexico. Maturity was evaluated in early, ...

  8. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 151 - 200 of 473 ... Vol 4, No 2 (2001), Effect of sources of water on the performance of broiler chicks, Abstract. O Matanmi ... Vol 19, No 1 (2017), Effect of supplementing Morinda lucida (Brimstone) leaf meal in the diets on the Performance, Intestinal and Tissue Microbial count of broiler chickens, Abstract. A.O. Lala, N.

  9. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Singh, Shrawan. Vol 11, No 86 (2012) - Articles Diversity of Morinda citrifolia L. in Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) assessed through morphological and DNA markers. Abstract PDF · Vol 12, No 39 (2013) - Articles Molecular and functional diversity in Capsicum landraces of Andaman Islands Abstract PDF · Vol 12, No ...

  10. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sirilun, Sasithorn. Vol 9, No 43 (2010) - Articles Breaking the spores of Ganoderma lucidum by fermentation with Lactobacillus plantarum. Abstract PDF · Vol 12, No 27 (2013) - Articles Factors affecting methanol content of fermented plant beverage containing Morinda citrifolia. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1684-5315. AJOL African ...

  11. Isolation and detection of taxol, an anticancer drug produced from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    To determine the production of taxol from an endophytic fungus, Lasiodiplodia theobromae isolated from the medicinal plant Morinda citrifolia and also, to evaluate its cytotoxicity against human breast cancer cell line, taxol produced by the test fungus in MID culture medium was isolated for its characterization. The presence ...

  12. Screening of the leaves of three Nigerian medicinal plants for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-08-04

    Aug 4, 2008 ... Key words: Antibacterial activity, medicinal plants, Alstonia boonei, Morinda lucida, Petiveria alliacea, Nigeria. INTRODUCTION. The use of plants as source of medicine in treating disease is an ancient practice. People on all continents have long applied poultrices and imbibed infusions of hundreds, if not ...

  13. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Peek, SF. Vol 10, No 1 (2013) - Articles Ethnoveterinary Application of Morinda Citrifolia Fruit Puree on a Commercial Heifer Rearing Facility with Endemic Salmonellosis Abstract PDF. ISSN: 0189-6016. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about ...

  14. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gboko, AO. Vol 6, No 1 (2012) - Articles Cholinergic and anticholinesterase activities of total protein extract of Morinda morindoïdes on isolated rabbit duodenum. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1997-342X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL ...

  15. Effect of salt stress on growth and contents of organic and inorganic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effect of salt stress on growth and contents of organic and inorganic compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) Alide Mitsue Watanabe Cova, André Dias de Azevedo Neto, Rogério Ferreira Ribas, Hans Raj Gheyi, Renata Velasques Menezes ...

  16. 836 IJBCS-Article-Anthony Dawet

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KODJIO NORBERT

    between essential oil composition and geographic variations. ... Because of the devastating nature of malaria, there is an urgent need to ..... J. Pests Dis. Vect. Managt., 4: 250-253. Awe SO, Makinde JM. 1998. Effect of. Petroleum ether fractions on Morinda lucida on Plasmodium berghei berghei in mice. Pharmaceutical ...

  17. Antimicrobial Activities Of Methanolic Extracts Of Trema guineensis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Extracts obtained from the leaves, stem-bark and roots of two ethnomedicinal plants: Morinda lucida Benth and Trema guineensis Schumm and Thorn were screened for antimicrobial activities against eleven test organisms (five bacteria and six fungi) namely: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas ...

  18. Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kepuasan dan Loyalitas Konsumen (Studi Kasus pada Pasar Bu

    OpenAIRE

    Darman, Dian Martha; Restuhadi, Fajar; ', Eliza

    2015-01-01

    Pasar Buah Sudirman is a well-known fruit-store in Pekanbaru. However, to gain the loyalty of shoppers, Pasar Buah Sudirman must appeal to consumers' social motives and experiential needs, not simply provide access to desired goods. In response to changing consumer needs, the store has grown larger and metamorphed into a convenience of one-stop shopping, to include service outlets and providing daily needs goods, not only fruits, at the store. Therefore, research was aimed to study: (1) the f...

  19. SIFAT ORGANOLEPTIK, SIFAT FISIK, SERTA KADAR β-KAROTEN DAN α-TOKOFEROL EMULSI BUAH MERAH (Pandanus conoideus (The Organoleptic Properties, Physical Properties, and the Level of β-carotene and α-tocopherol of Red Fruit (Pandanus conoideus Oil Emulsion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zita Letviany Sarungallo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine the organoleptic and physical properties, and the level of β-carotene and α-tocopherol of red fruit (Pandanus conoideus emulsion. The emulsion was made by mixing red fruit oil and water in ratio of 7:3, with addition of some emulsifiers as treatments, namely 0.20% of CMC (carboxyl methyl cellulose (F0, 0.5% of Tween 80 and 0.2% of CMC  (F1, and 0.5% of Tween 20 and 0.2% of CMC  (F2. Based on the organoleptic evaluation, the most preferred formulation of red fruit emulsion was F1, which have complementary ingredients, namely 0.50% of Tween 80, 0.20% of CMC, 0.06% of sodium benzoate, 0.02% of ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA, 1.5% of orange citrus essence, and 15% of sugar. The acceptance scores of the formulation for color, taste, aroma, and texture were 4.5 (like-extremely like, 3.8 (neutral-like, 3.8 (neutral-like, and 4.1 (like, respectively, and the level of viscosity was thick with organoleptic score of 6.1 (thick. Physically, red fruit emulsion has red orange in color, citrus in aroma, sweet in taste, viscous in texture, viscosity 20.5 dPa.s, pH 6.4,  and stability 100% in strorage for 30 days at room temperature.  The content  of β-carotene  and α-tocopherol were 14 mg/kg and 229.4 mg/kg respectively. Keywords: Red fruit (Pandanus conoideus, emulsion, organoleptic and physical properties, β-carotene, α-tocopherol

  20. AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK BUAH ANDALIMAN (Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC DALAM BEBERAPA SISTEM PANGAN DAN KESTABILAN AKTIVITASNYA TERHADAP KONDISI SUHU DAN pH [Antioxidative Activity of Andaliman Fruit Extract (Z. acanthopodium DC. on Several Food System and its Antioxidative Stability on Temperature and pH Influence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tensiska 1

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available The extraction of the andaliman fruit was conducted by using ethanol, and hexane. The hexane residue was reextracted by ethanol. The protection factor of the extracts is 3.823, 1.486, and 3.84 respectively. While the protection factor of BHT is 2.828. The research shows that andaliman fruit extract has the highest antioxidative activity on aqueous system. While in emulsion and oily system, andaliman extract still have a moderate activity. The antioxidative activity is relatively stabile during heating. Heating up to 175C in aqueous system for 2 hours is merely reduce the activity to 17%. The protection effect increase during the increasing of pH (examined at pH 3,4,5,6, and 7, except at pH 4.

  1. BAHAN PENYERAP KMnO4 DAN ASAM L-ASKORBAT DALAM PENGEMASAN AKTIF (ACTIVE PACKAGING UNTUK MEMPERPANJANG MASA SIMPAN DAN MEMPERTAHANKAN MUTU BUAH DUKU (Lansium domesticum Corr. [Adsorbers for KMnO4 and L-Ascorbic Acid in the Active Packaging to Prolong the Shelve-Life and Maintain the Quality of Lanzone (Lansium domesticum Corr. Fruits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soesiladi E Widodo

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available To develop an active packaging of lanzone (Lansium domisticum Corr. Fruits, KmnO4 as an ethylene scavenger and L-ascorbic acid as an oxygent scavenger were inserted into packaging. As direct contact of KmnO4 with agricultural product was not recommended and due to the liquid characteristic of both scavenger was carried out. This research was aimed at finding out the best adsorbers for KmnO4, L-ascorbic acid, and their combination in an active packaging to prolog the shelve-life and to maintain the quality of lanzone fruits. The result showed that 1 among the four adsorbers tested, pumice could was the best alternative as a KmnO4 or L-ascorbic acid adsorbers, and 2 spon and pumice were the best alternative adsorber for the combination of KmnO4 or L-ascorbic acid. Both adsorber were effective in prolonging the shelve-live (8-11 days longer than with out packaging and as good as using silica gel and vermiculite and maintaining the quality of lanzone fruits.

  2. PENGARUH UKURAN PARTIKEL DAN PROPORSI GULURONAT/MANURONAT DALAM ALGINAT TERHADAP SIFAT DAN SENSORIS PRODUK HASIL RESTRUKTURISASI DARI BUAH SIRSAK [The Influence of Particle size and Guluronic/Mannuronic Proportion of Alginate on Physical and Sensory Characteristics of Restructured Products from Soursop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Raharjo

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The application of restructuring technology is intended to add value for local fruits. Fresh and ripe sour sop fruits are frequently of having defective appearance, irregular shape and size, or showing signs of insect infestation which make the whole fruit is less acceptable by consumers. Previous study has indicated that sour sop fruit can be restructured into a fresh fruit product with acceptable sensory characteristics using calcium alginate gel system. This particular study was intended to determine the effect of alginate powder particles size and its guluronic/mannuronic proportion on the physical and sensorial properties of restructured sour sop. The restructured fruit product was evaluated based on its gel strength, pH colour, and sensory attributes which include taste, aroma, mouth feel, appearance, and hardness. Sour sop restructured by internal setting with coarse alginate powder (36 mesh tend to have softer gel compared to the use of fine alginate powder (120 mesh. Different proportion of guluronic/mannuronic in the alginate used for the restructurization resulted in the same gel strength when calcium lactate powder was used. However, the use of encapsulated calcium lactate resulted in stronger gel with alginate containing higher proportion of mannuronic acid. The alginate particle size and proportion of guluronic/mannuronic content showed no significant difference in product colour and sensory attributes evaluated.

  3. Alternative fruit and vegetables consumption for 1-3 year old Indonesian children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhayati Nurhayati

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLatar belakang:World Health Organization merekomendasikan konsumsi sayur dan buah paling sedikit 400 gr atau 5 (lima porsi sayur dan buah sehari. Penelitian ini untuk menentukan alternatif jumlah dan jenis anjuran konsumsi sayur dan buah dan kecukupan vitamin A, vitamin C, potasium, asam folat dan serat yang dapat dipenuhi untuk kelompok umur 1-3 tahun anak Indonesia. Metode:Penelitian menggunakan data konsumsi sayur dan buah dari data Riskesdas tahun 2010. Analisis data menggunakan analisis linier programming untuk memperoleh lima alternatif jumlah dan jenis sayur dan buah untuk anak usia 1-3 tahun.Hasil:Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lima jenis buah yang paling banyak dikonsumsi anak usia 1-3 tahun adalah pisang, jeruk, pepaya, apel dan semangka. Lima jenis sayur yang paling banyak dikonsumsi anak usia 1-3 tahun adalah sayur bayam, sayur sop, sayur kangkung, sayur daun singkong, dan sayur asam. Jumlah anjuran konsumsi sayur dan buah untuk anak usia 1-3 tahun adalah 100-200 gram sayuran dan 150-200 gram buah Kesimpulan: Alternatif anjuran konsumsi sayur dan buah untuk anak usia 1-3 tahun adalah 100-200 gram (1-2 mangkok sayuran dan 150-200 gram (3-4 potong buah. (Health Science Indones 2013;2:74-7Kata kunci: anjuran, konsumsi, sayur, buah, anak usia 1-3 tahunAbstractBackground: WHO recommends the daily consumption of fruit and vegetables at least 400 grams or 5 servings. Based on national health survey Indonesia in 2007, means of daily portion of fruit and vegetable for Indonesian was less than 5 portion. This study was conducted to assess consumption of fruit and vegetables in 1-3 year old Indonesian children, and adequacy of daily requirement of vitamin A, vitamin C, potasium, folic acid and fiber. Methods: The study used consumption data from 2010 National Health Survey Indonesia. Using linier programming, we then could present 5 alternatives of combination of fruits and vegetables. Result:  The  study  found  five  kind  of

  4. 2791-IJBCS-Article-Ouango Maurice Savadogo

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    GM Crops: Global. Socio-economic and. Environmental Impacts 1996-2007. UK. Buah JN. 2011. Public perception of genetically modified food in Ghana. American Journal of Food Technology,. 6(7): 541-554. Chaklatti-Rousseliere. S. 2006. Les biotechnologies agricoles Potentiels et controverses. Grenoble II, Université.

  5. POTENSI ATMOSFER DALAM PEMBENTUKAN AWAN KONVEKTIF PADA PELAKSANAAN TEKNOLOGI MODIFIKASI CUACA DI DAS KOTOPANJANG DAN DAS SINGKARAK 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Syaifullah, M Djazim

    2011-01-01

    Kajian potensi atmosfer terhadap proses pembentukan dan pertumbuhan awan konvektifpada saat pelaksanaan Teknologi Modifikasi Cuaca (TMC) telah dilakukan dengan datapengamatan sounding dari stasiun Tabing Sumatera Barat. Sebanyak 330 buah datapengamatan harian jam 00Z dan 12Z dari Juni sampai dengan Nopember 2010 telahdianalisis. Dengan aplikasi RAOB analisis dilakukan untuk menentukan parameterdan indeks radiosonde sebagai penduga potensi atmosfer di wilayah tersebut. Hasilanalisis kandungan ...

  6. Development of an in vitro culture system adapted to banana ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-06-17

    Jun 17, 2009 ... ary and tertiary roots, and clumps of secondary roots. The architecture of the root system was comparable to the results of Banerjee and de Langhe (1985) and Buah et al. (1998). Feeder and pioneer roots of banana plants were described for the first time under hydroponics conditions by Swennen (1986).

  7. The Use of Chitosan of Pomacea canaliculata Shell as Natural Preservation to Maintain Fruit Quality during Storage Process: Used as Audio Visual Media of Biotechnology Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yurike Fransischa Trisnaningrum

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Chitosan merupakan turunan kitin yang terbentuk dari proses deasetilasi yang bisa digunakan sebagai bahan pengawet alami yang efektif dan memiliki aktivitas antimikroba.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan kandungan vitamin C, pH dan berat dalam buah jeruk, strowberi, dan pisang yang diawetkan dengan chitosan cangkang keong mas selama proses penyimpanan danuntuk mengetahui berapakah konsentrasi chitosan cangkang keong mas yang paling efektif sebagai bahan pengawet buah. Penelitian merupakan True Experimental Research yang dilaksanakan di Laboratorium KimiaUniversitas Muhammadiyah Malang. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK dengan 6 perlakuan dan 4 kali ulangan pada jeruk, strowberi dan pisang yaitu konsentrasi chitosan 1,5%, 2%, 2,5%, 3% dan 3,5%. Analisis data menggunakan analisis Blok Acak dan uji beda jarak nyata Duncan pada taraf signifikansi 0,05.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada pengaruh terhadap buah. Perubahan kandungan vitamin C dan berat paling kecil terjadi pada perlakuan 2,5% dan paling besar pada perlakuan kontrol. Pemberian konsentrasi chitosan cangkang keong mas2,5% yang paling efektif mempengaruhi kandungan vitamin C dan berat buah jeruk, strowberi dan pisang. Hasil penelitian diaplikasikan sebagai media audio visual dalam pembelajaran Bioteknologi

  8. PENGARUH KONSENTRASI HCl SEBAGAI PELARUT PADA EKSTRAKSI PEKTIN DARI LABU SIAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rinska Erwinda

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Labu siam (Sechium edule Sw merupakan salah satu jenis buah yang masih sangat terbatas penggunannya. Labu siam biasanya hanya dikonsumsi sebagai sayuran biasa seperti sayur labu dan sebagai lalapan. Untuk itu perlu dicari alternatif lain yang dapat lebih meningkatkan daya guna labu siam. Salah satu usaha yang dapat dilakukan adalah dengan mengekstrak pektinnya, karena pektin dapat digunakan secara luas pada berbagai industri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mencari pengaruh konsentrasi pelarut terhadap rendemen pektin yang didapat dari buah labu siam. Pada penelitian ini, pengambilan pektin labu siam dilakukan dengan metode ekstraksi pelarut. Bahan baku sumber pektin adalah kulit dan daging buah labu siam. Variabel yang digunakan adalah perbandingan konsentrasi pelarut dengan berat kering buah labu siam konstan sebanyak 25 gram. Sebagai zat pengasam digunakan larutan HCl dengan konsentrasi 0,05; 0,1; 0,15; 0,2; 0,25 N. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa rendemen pektin terbaik sebanyak  9,61% pada kondisi operasi ekstraksi sebagai berikut : konsentrasi pelarut 0,2 N, temperatur 90 oC dan waktu ekstraksi 120 menit.   Kata kunci :Pektin, Ekstraksi, Labu Siam, Pelarut, Asam Klorida

  9. Quality of Sachet Water Produced at Tarkwa, Ghana*

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Michael

    2015-06-01

    Jun 1, 2015 ... Ndur, S. A., Kuma, J. S. Y., Buah, W. K. and Galley, J. Y. (2015), “Quality of Sachet Water Produced at. Tarkwa, Ghana”, Ghana Mining Journal, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 22 - 34. Abstract. Cholera outbreak in some cities and towns in Ghana in early 2011 necessitated a sachet water quality study in Tarkwa to.

  10. Treatment of Iron Tailings at the Forecariah Guinea Mine - Guinea ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Michael

    2016-06-01

    Jun 1, 2016 ... Kali, A. and Buah, W. K. (2016), “Treatment of Iron Tailings at the Forecariah Guinea Mine - Guinea ... subsidiary of Bellzone Australia, mines and export .... of water. Chemical analysis of the feed, magnetics and non-magnetics samples generated from the test work was performed using XRF. A number of ...

  11. Tinjauan Tekno Ekonomi Cap Batik dari Bahan Kayu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lies Susilaning Sri Hastuti

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Batik telah diakui sebagai warisan dunia, hal ini yang memberikan semangat kepada industri batik untuk dapat berkembang dan menghasilkan produk yang bermutu. Salah sau alat yang digunakan dalam membatik adalah canting cap yang umumnya terbuat dari tembaga. Pada tinjauan ini yang dilakukan adalah perhitungan tekno ekonomi terhadap canting kayu.Hasil tinjauan adalah sebagai berikut: Canting kayu dibuat dengan dua cara yaitu Jig-Saw Rekat dan Ukir Rekat. Kapasitas produksi cara Jigsaw Rekat adalah 4 buah/hari. Diasumsikan dalam 1 (satu bulan ada 25 hari kerja sehingga kapasitas produksi per bulan adalah 100 buah canting kayu JigSaw Rekat dan 75 buah canting kayu Ukir Rekat. Jumlah total produksi adalah 175 buah canting kayu. Tenaga kerja yang dibutuhkan adalah 1 (satu orang pimpinan dan 20 orang karyawan. Modal yang dibuuhkan adalah Rp 87.740.000,-, biaya produksi Rp 20.573.334,-/bulan dan harga pokok Rp 120.000,-. Harga jual diperkirakan Rp 250.000,-/canting mengingat cara pengerjaannya yang cukup rumit. Keuntungan yang didapat Rp 19.700.166,-/bulan dan BEP=70 buah canting serta model diperkirakan dapat kembali dalam waktu 1,5 (satu setengah bulan.Kesimpulan yang dapat ditetapkan adalah bahwa industri caning cap kayu merupakan industri yang dapat dikembangkan serta mempunyai prospek yang baik dalam mendukung perkembangan industri batik saat ini meskipun canting cap kayu mempunyai kelemahan yaitu desain motif yang dapat diterapkan pada canting kayu terbatas pada motif yang tidak menggunakan isen-isen. Kata Kunci: batik, canting cap kayu, tekno ekonomi

  12. Alat Bantu Survey Bawah Air Menggunakan Amoba, Robot Berbasis ROV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Santo Gitakarma

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam penelitian ini adalah 1 menghasilkan rancangan prototipe robot alat monitor dan observasi bawah air (AMOBA berbasis ROV (remotely operated vehicle yang mampu bergerak di dalam air; 2 melakukan uji coba prototipe robot AMOBA di bawah air dan mengkaji hasilnya; 3 memperoleh kinerja prototipe robot AMOBA sebagai alat yang memiliki kemampuan survey (monitoring and observation bawah air. ROV merupakan robot bawah air yang dikendalikan oleh operator dalam pengoperasiannya, dan didukung oleh perangkat kendali dalam pengoperasiannya. Pada penelitian ini dikembangkan prototipe ROV yang mampu bernavigasi di bawah air dengan kendali berbasis mikrokontroller dari permukaan air menggunakan kabel 15m dan beberapa aktuator dengan propellernya dari pompa air. Pompa air yang digunakan sebanyak 8 buah (2 buah pompa untuk belok kiri, 2 buah pompa untuk belok kanan, 2 buah pompa untuk maju ke depan, dan 2 buah pompa untuk naik ke atas. Robot AMOBA yang dikembangkan dilengkapi dengan IPCamera yang dapat dikendalikan untuk menampilkan visual bawah air dan dapat diputar sepanjang 1200 (kiri, kanan, atas, dan bawah. Metode yang akan digunakan untuk mencapai tujuan diatas adalah metode penelitian dan pengembangan (research and development atau R&D menurut Borg dan Gall. Analisis dalam penelitian ini menggunakan konsep SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, time-based. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata kecepatan robot 21,5 cm/detik dengan bobot 23kg. Kecepatan robot tergolong lambat dan saat pergerakan di awal pelan kemudian perlahan-lahan cepat akibat perlunya daya yang kuat untuk mendorong robot di awal. Semakin dalam robot di air maka tekanan air semakin besar dan berakibat terhentinya pompa air bekerja. Pompa air yang digunakan hanya dapat bekerja maksimal hingga kedalaman 3 m. Sehingga diperlukan aktuator dengan propeller yang lebih kuat apabila ingin dikembangkan untuk menjangkau kedalaman air lebih dari 3 m.

  13. CCM d'extraits sélectifs de 10 plantes utilisées dans le traitement traditionnel de l'hypertension artérielle en Côte d'Ivoire

    OpenAIRE

    N’Guessan , Hugues Alain; Dago , Déliko Camille Evelyne; Mamyrbékova-Békro , Janat Akhanovna; Békro, Yves-Alain

    2011-01-01

    International audience; This work has for objective to contribute to the valorization of Solenostemon monostachyus, Dieresis guineensis, Morinda lucida, Sida acuta, Paullinia pinnata, Ocimum gratissimum, Blighia unijugata, Vernonia colorata, Alchornea cordifolia and Fagara macrophylla, 10 medicinal plants used in Côte d’Ivoire in the treatment of arterial hypertension. The survey was about the phytochemical screening and the tracking of theantioxidant activity by TLC of the selective excerpts...

  14. 2-Hydroxy-1-methoxyanthraquinone monohydrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Meng Liu

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C15H10O4·H2O, also known as alizarin 1-methyl ether monohydrate, was isolated from Morinda officinalis How. The anthraquinone ring system is almost planar, the dihedral angle between the two outer benzene rings being 3.07 (4°. In the crystal structure, O—H...O hydrogen bonds link the organic molecules and the water molecules, forming a three-dimensional network.

  15. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Coulibaly, A. Vol 3, No 2 (2009) - Articles Niveaux de résidus de pesticides organochlorés dans les produits du cacao en Côte d'Ivoire Abstract PDF · Vol 6, No 1 (2012) - Articles Cholinergic and anticholinesterase activities of total protein extract of Morinda morindoïdes on isolated rabbit duodenum. Abstract PDF · Vol 6, No ...

  16. Implementasi Odometry Pada Robot Otomatis Kontes Robot Abu Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Moch. Rif'an, ST., MT., Slamet Basori., Ir. Nanag SUlistiyanto, MT

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini mengimplementasikan sistem umpan Balik odometry pada mobile robot dengan sistem differential drive. Data dari dua buah rotary encoder akan diolah dengan metode odometry sehingga dihasilkan koordinat posisi robot dan arah hadap robot dari waktu ke waktu. Pengujian akhir pada sistem menunjukkan kinerja dengan kesalahan pembacaan sudut hadap terbesar adalah 3.68° sedangkan untuk pembacaan posisi kesalahan sebesar 4.86 mm saat bergerak lurus sejauh 1000 mm dan kesalahan sebesar 9.6...

  17. Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Produksi Crude Palm Oil (CPO) Pada Perseroan Terbatas Perkebunan Nusantara (PTPN) III Kebun Sei Daun Labuhan Batu

    OpenAIRE

    Chairunnisa, T. Lyza Tahura

    2012-01-01

    This research is aimed to test and to analyze the effect of the factors production indicators such as capital, workforce, machine and raw material to crude palm oil production in PTP Nusantara III Kebun Sei Daun, either is simultaneously and partially. This research is to know to correlation of tandan buah segar to crude palm oil production. The population of research is financial report and production report of PTP Nusantara III Kebun Sei Daun by using time series data during 6 years, nam...

  18. Penilaian Teknologi Penolahan Limbah Cair dengan Metode ANP-TOPSIS di PT. Perkebunan Nusantara IV Kebun Pabatu

    OpenAIRE

    Emila, Elfa

    2016-01-01

    Pertumbuhan produksi kelapa sawit di Indonesia semakin meningkat dari tahun ketahun. Bertambahnya lahan kelapa sawit maka makin bertambahnya juga pabrik pabrik yang bergerak dalam bidang pengolahan buah kelapa sawit. Dalam pengolahan kelapa sawit, tidak hanya Crude Palm Oil (CPO) dan Palm Kernel Oil (PKO), pabrik kelapa sawit juga menghasilkan limbah yang terdiri dari limbah padat, limbah cair, dan limbah gas. Limbah ini dapat menyebabkan dampak buruk pada lingkungan jika tidak dikelola denga...

  19. Rancang Bangun Sistem Pengukur Kecepatan Kendaraan Menggunakan Sensor Magnetik

    OpenAIRE

    Aris Ramdhani; Ahmad Aminudin; Agus Danawan

    2017-01-01

    Data kecepatan kendaran di jalan raya sangat berpengaruh bagi keamanan dan keselamatan pengguna jalan raya. Kemajuan tekhnologi sensor sangat membantu dalam mengukur kecepatan kendaraan dengan otomatis. Metode yang umum dipakai ialah metode dengan menggunakan dua buah rangkaian sensor yang sudah diatur pada jarak tertentu. Sensor digunakan sebagai pendeteksi keberadaan kendaraan. Data kecepatan kendaraan didapatkan dengan mencari selang waktu yang dibutuhkan kendaraan melaju dari sensor perta...

  20. Hubungan Antara Kontrol Diri Dengan Intensitas Bermain Game Online Pada Mahasiswa Pemain Game Online Di Game Center X Semarang

    OpenAIRE

    Budhi, Ferry Hernoyo; Indrawati, Endang Sri

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kontrol diri dengan intensitas bermain game online pada mahasiswa pemain game online di game center X Semarang. Populasi penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa yang bermain game online di game center X Semarang. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 70 orang yang dipilih menggunakan teknik convenient sampling. Pengumpulan data menggunakan dua buah skala psikologi, yaitu skala intensitas bermain game online (45 aitem valid dengan α= 0,944) dan skala kon...

  1. Studi Etnik Tanaman Obat Tradisional Buton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    . Jahidin

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan tumbuhan atau organnya sebagai obat tradisional oleh komunitas etnis Buton bertahan dan turun temurun dari generasi ke generasi. Penelitian kegunaan tumbuhan dalam obat tradisional oleh Etnis Buton Keknauwe dilakukan di Desa Barangka, Kamelanta, Lawela Selatan, Pogalampa, Watiginanda, Kaongkeongkea, Lontoi, Lapara, Biwinapada, dan Karae. Metode penelitian merupakan survei eksploratif dengan interview dan pengamatan langsung di lapangan. Subjek merupakan dukun atau tabib yang berjumlah 11 orang yang diwariskan cara pengambilan tumbuhan atau oragannya untuk obat tradisional. Pengumpulan organ tumbuhan obat terdiri dari: (1 daun dikumpulkan selama musim perbungaan dan sebelum buah ranum, (2 batang dan ritidoma dikumpulkan setelah pertumbuhan batang yang sempurna, (3 hasil dikumpulkan sebelum atau setelah musim berbunga, (4 buah dipetik saat matang, (5 biji dikumpulkan sebelum buah matang, dan (6 akar (Radix, rimpang (rhizome, umbi (tuber dikumpulkan selama tumbuh. Hasil tercatat 78 spesies, 75 Genera, dan 49 familitumbuhan yang digunakan komunitas Etnis Buton sebagai komposisi obat tradisional. Umumnya jenis tumbuhan merupakan 22 spesies tumbuhan liar kecuali ditanam atau dipelihara sebagai tumbuhan dapur. Tumbuhan yang digunakan yaitu daun sebanyak 44 spesies, 6 spesies akar dan umbi, 14 spesies kulit dan batang, 8 macam yang digunakan seluruhnya (herba, 12 macam digunakan buah dan bijinya, 2 macam bunga yang digunakan, dan 2 macam resin yang digunakan. Dalam penggunaannya tumbuhan obat digunakan untuk mengobati 59 macam penyakit. Penggunaan tumbuhan jenis lain, diproses sendiri atau dicampur organ tumbuhan lainnya. Ada 9 spesies tumbuhan dalam penggunaannya sebagai herba obat dicampur dengan organ tumbuhan lain contoh tumbuhan wou(Garuga floribunda Decne, kumis kucing (Orthosipon spictus BBS, nipa (Nypa fruticans Wurmb, tolise (Terminalia catappa L., fafa (Vitex cofassus Reinw. Ex Blume, rabundalili (Euphorbia tirucalli L., kaai

  2. Purwarupa Sistem Integrasi Quadcopter dan Mobile Robot

    OpenAIRE

    Dharmawan, Andi; Lusiarta Putera, Christian Antonia

    2012-01-01

    AbstrakQuadcopter, juga dikenal sebagai quadrotor, adalah helikopter dengan empat motor yang dilengkapi dengan  empat buah propeller pada masing-masing motornya yang digunakan untuk terbang dan bermanuver. Pada quadcopter terdapat 3 variabel sudut yang menjadi element utama dalam pengendaliannya yaitu roll, pitch, dan yaw yang diperoleh dari penggabungan sensor accelerometer, gyroscope dan magnetometer dengan metode Direction Cosine Matrix. Pada sistem integrasi mobile robot dan quadcopter, d...

  3. Perbandingan Kuat Lentur Satu Arah Pelat Beton Tulangan Bambu Dengan Pelat Beton Tulangan Bambu Isi Styrofoam

    OpenAIRE

    Fauzi, Rifqi Eka; Dewi, Sri Murni; Wijatmiko, Indradi

    2016-01-01

    Beton ringan merupakan inovasi bahan yang memiliki potensi untuk dikembangkan, bambu dapat digunakan tulangan beton menggantikan baja dan lebih ringan, pemberian styrofoam pada elemen struktur mampu mengurangi berat sendiri struktur, kemudian mecuatkan gagasan tentang plat beton tulangan bambu isi styrofoam. Penelitian ini menggunakan pelat beton tulangan bambu isi styrofoam sebanyak 3 buah yang akan dibandingkan kuat lenturnya dengan pelat beton tulangan bambu tanpa styrofoam. Dimensi pelat ...

  4. Dekonstruksitoshiko Sebagaitokoh Tambahan dalam Novelkagi Karya Tanizaki Jun'ichirou

    OpenAIRE

    OETOMO, AYU MAULIDDINA

    2014-01-01

    Mauliddina, ayu. 2014. Dekonstruksi Toshiko sebagai Tokoh Tambahan dalam Novel Kagi Karya Tanizaki Jun'ichirou. Program Studi Sastra Jepang. Fakultas Ilmu Budaya. Universitas Brawijaya. Pembimbing: (I) Fitriana Puspita Dewi (II) Eka Marthanty Indah LestariKata Kunci: Novel, The Key, Dekonstruksi, Penokohan, dan Tokoh tambahanSastra merupakan karya fiksi hasil dari buah pikir manusia. Dimana sebuah karya sastra dibuat dari imajinasi seseorang yang dilandasi tanggung jawab dan kreativitas da...

  5. Perbedaan Tensile Bond Strength Resin Komposit Berbasis Silorane dengan Menggunakan Sistem Adhesif yang Berbeda pada Restorasi Klas I

    OpenAIRE

    Sary, Bunga Indah

    2012-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tensile bond strength dari resin komposit berbasis silorane terhadap dentin dengan menggunakan bahan adhesif self-etch two-step yang berbeda (Silorane System Adhesive dan Adper SE Plus) pada restorasi klas I premolar bawah. Sampel berjumlah 32 buah gigi premolar satu dan dua rahang bawah yang diekstraksi untuk keperluan ortodonti, terdiri dari dua kelompok perlakuan yaitu kelompok I diaplikasikan sistem adhesif self-etch two-step (Silorane System A...

  6. Perbedaan Kekuatan Tarik Perlekatan Antara Resin Komposit Dan Permukaan Gigi Dengan Aplikasi Single, Double, Dan Triple Sistem Adhesif

    OpenAIRE

    Rizka Vila Putri

    2008-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan kekuatan tarik perlekatan antara resin komposit danpermukaan gigi dengan aplikasi single, double dan triple sistem adhesif. Sampel berjumlah 30 buah gigi premolar yang diekstraksi untuk keperluan ortodonti, terdiri atas tiga ke1ompok perlakuan, yaitu kelompok I diberikan aplikasi single dari one-step self-etch adhesive, kelompok II diberikan aplikasi double dari one-step self-etch adhesive, dan kelompok III diberikan aplikasi triple dari...

  7. THE EFFECT OF THE INFUSION OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS ON THE ISOLATED RABBIT JEJUNUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Dzulkarnain

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengaruh infus daun Artemisia vulgaris LINN.; Artemisia cina BERG; Euphatorium triplinerve VAHL; Hemigraphis colorata HALL; Ruta gravcolens AUCT dan buah Litsea cubeba PERS telah diteliti terhadap kontraksi usus kelinci terisolasi. Hanya Ruta gravcolens A UCT dengan dosis 1 ml/kg infus 10 persen dalam 50 ml Tyrode mengurangi tonus dan amplitude kontraksi usus kelinci Dianjurkan untuk meneliti farmakodinami komponen-komponen daun Ruta gravcolens AUCT ter­utama terhadap usus kelinci terisolasi

  8. Efek Antiinflamasi Ekstrak Kulit Manggis (Garcinia Mangostana L.) Terhadap Gigi Kelinci (Oryctogalus Cuniculus) (Penelitian In Vivo)

    OpenAIRE

    Zudhistira, Charin

    2017-01-01

    Pulpa yang teriritasi akan menyebabkan inflamasi dan rasa nyeri. Salah satu penyebab inflamasi pulpa adalah terjadinya perforasi pulpa akibat prosedur iatrogenik. Biodentin yang berbahan dasar kalsium silikat mampu membantu proses penyembuhan pulpa serta mempercepat regenerasi jaringan keras pulpa, namun harganya relatif lebih mahal. Kulit buah manggis dipilih karena diduga memiliki efek antiinflamasi, diduga karena kandungan α-mangostin dan γ-mangostin yang dimilikinya. Penelitian ini bertuj...

  9. PERBANDINGAN PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PEKTIN KULIT JERUK BALI (Citrus grandis) DAN KULIT PISANG AMBON (Musa spp.) TERHADAP PENURUNAN KOLESTEROL DARAH PADA MENCIT (Mus musculus)

    OpenAIRE

    Soesy Asiah Soesilawaty

    2008-01-01

    Pektin dikenal sebagai  antikolesterol karena dapat mengikat asam empedu yang merupakan hasil akhir metabolisme kolesterol. Makin banyak asam empedu yang berikatan dengan pektin dan terbuang ke luar tubuh, makin banyak kolesterol yang di metabolisme, sehingga pada akhirnya kolesterol menurun jumlahnya. Pektin banyak ditemukan pada kulit buah-buahan, diantaranya  adalah apel, pisang, dan jeruk. Sejumlah observasi dilaboratorium menunjukan bahwa pemberian pektin dapat menurunkan kadar kolestero...

  10. PENENTUAN CAMPURAN LUMPUR LAPINDO SEBAGAI SUBSTITUSI PASIR DAN SEMEN DALAM PEMBUATAN PAVING BLOCK RAMAH LINGKUNGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganjar Samudro

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Lumpur Lapindo (LL atau Lumpur Sidoarjo (Lusi merupakan lumpur panas, yang pemanfaatannya sangat terbatas dan menimbulkan dampak sosial dan lingkungan yang cukup besar. Karakteristik Lumpur Lapindo mengandung silikat (SiO2 dan kapur (CaO yang cukup tinggi dan bersifat pozoland. Selain kandungan kimia yang menguntungkan, Lumpur Lapindo juga bersifat B3 dengan kandungan logam berat Pb 35,41 ppm dan Cu 21,9 ppm yang melebihi baku mutu Kepmenkes no.907/2002, PP no.82/2001 dan PP no.18/1999. Teknik olidifikasi menjadi paving block dapat digunakan untuk mengubah watak fisik dan kimia limbah B3 dengan cara penambahan senyawa pengikat sehingga pergerakan senyawa-senyawa B3 dapat dihambat dan membentuk ikatan massa monolit dengan struktur yang kekar. Penambahan Lumpur Lapindo sebagai substitusi semen dan pasir ditentukan sebesar 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, dan 50%, dengan pengujian terhadap kuat tekan, daya serap air dan perlindian. Penelitian ini didapatkan variasi Lumpur Lapindo sebagai substitusi pasir dan semen optimum asingmasing sebesar 30% dengan kuat tekan 408 kg/cm2 , daya serap air 10,17% dan uji perlindian dihasilkan dibawah 0,03 ppm Pb dan Cu, serta biaya pembuatan 1 buah paving block berkurang dari Rp 1.302,86 per buah menjadi Rp 1.059,40 per buah. Lumpur Lapindo sebagai substitusi semen lebih baik penggunaannya dalam pembuatan paving block ramah ingkungan.

  11. HUBUNGAN KARAKTER FISIK POHON DAN PRODUKSI POLONG MALAPARI (Pongamia pinnata Merr.: STUDI KASUS DI ALAS PURWO – JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurniawati Purwaka Putri

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Informasi potensi produksi buah/biji malapari sangat dibutuhkan dalam kaitannya dengan potensi ketersediaan bahan baku untuk produksi minyak bio-diesel. Salah satu teknik pendugaan potensi produksi buah/biji malapari dengan menghubungkan antara produksi buah/biji dengan karakter fisik pohon dalam suatu model persamaan regresi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui tingkat keeratan hubungan antara karakter fisik pohon dengan produksi polong malapari (Pongamia pinnata Merr. di kawasan Taman Nasional Alas Purwo. Analisis data dengan menggunakan uji korelasi untuk menguji tingkat keeratan antara karakter fisik pohon malapari (diameter batang dan tinggi total pohon dengan jumlah polong. Untuk menduga jumlah polong dilakukan analisis regresi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan diameter batang pohon berkorelasi erat dengan jumlah polong (70,3%. Model persamaan regresi penduga jumlah polong malapari yang terbaik adalah model regresi liniear dengan bentuk persamaan matematik adalah Y = 11,46 + 0,016 D (R2-adj = 44,4%; Se = 9,4 yang mana Y adalah produksi polong (jumlah polong/pohon dan D adalah diameter batang pohon setinggi dada (cm.

  12. PRODUKTIVITAS JAMUR TIRAM PUTIH (Pleurotus ostreatus PADA MEDIA LIMBAH SEKAM PADI DAN DAUN PISANG KERING SEBAGAI MEDIA ALTERNATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suparti Suparti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Jamur tiram putih (Pleurotus ostreatus merupakan jenis jamur pangan yang banyak dikonsumsi mengandung protein 27%. Kandungan protein pada jamur tiram putih dapat dipengaruhi oleh komposisi media tanam seperti selulosa, hemiselulosa, lignin dan nutrisi tambahan. Sekam padi dan daun pisang kering merupakan salah satu limbah organik yang dapat digunakan sebagai media alternatif untuk meningkatkan produktivitas jamur tiram putih.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui produktivitas jamur tiram putih yang ditumbuhkan pada media  limbah sekam padi dan daun pisang kering sebagai media alternatif. Jenis penelitian eksperimen dengan metode rancangan acak lengkap (RAL dua faktor yaitu faktor 1 penambahan sekam padi dan faktor 2 daun pisang kering (0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, masing-masing  dengan empat perlakuan dan dua kali ulangan.  Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa penambahan sekam padi dan daun pisang kering  15% (S3T3 memberikan pengaruh nyata terhadap lama penyebaran miselium, jumlah badan buah dan berat segar jamur tiram putih.Perlakuan yang paling baik untuk pertumbuhan jamur pada perlakuan S3T3, dengan rata-rata lama penyebaran miselium 25,5 hari, jumlah badan buah 64,5 buah dan berat segar yang dihasilkan 402,5. Hasil data tersebut lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan perlakuan yang lain.

  13. Evaluasi Kebutuhan Luasan Apron Pada Rencana Pengembangan Bandar Udara Internasional Ahmad Yani Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Nursalim

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Bandar Udara Ahmad Yani akan memiliki terminal yang lebih luas di sebelah Utara runway, lahan parkir yang luas, apron seluas 61.344 m2 serta dua buah taxiway. Pengembangan tahap II akan menjadikan Bandar Udara Ahmad Yani memiliki apron seluas 72.522 m2 dan 10 buah taxiway serta 1 buah parallel taxiway. Studi ini akan mengevaluasi kebutuhan apron Bandar Udara internasional Ahmad Yani Semarang saat ini dan 20 tahun kedepan. Pada evaluasi ini akan diprediksi jumlah pergerakan pesawat pada tahun rencana yang kemudian akan dikonversi menjadi jumlah pesawat pada jam sibuk. Hasil prediksi jumlah pesawat ini akan dianalisis terhadap kebutuhan apron Bandar Udara Ahmad Yani di tahun rencana. Dengan adanya pengembangan apron diharapkan dapat memenuhi kebutuhan lalu lintas udara. Untuk perencanaan perkerasan apron menggunakan rigid pavement dengan metode FAA dengan software FAARFIELD. Dari hasil perhitungan didapatkan, kebutuhan total jumlah gerbang landas parkir untuk tahun rencana (2035 adalah 51 pesawat, yang terdiri dari 35 kelas C dan 16 kelas D. Selanjutnya didapatkan dimensi gerbang landas parkir pada tahun rencana (2035 adalah untuk kelas C dengan panjang 2096,50 m dan lebar 98,37 m sedangkan untuk kelas D dengan panjang 1547,20 m dan 104,78 m. Tebal perkerasan landas parkir ini adalah 670 mm. Dalam penulangan perkerasan landas parkir tahun rencana (2035 dibutuhkan wiremesh dengan D14-100 dan Dowel dengan diameter 50 mm, panjang 610 mm, dan jarak 460 mm.

  14. ANALISIS PENGEMBANGAN WIRAUSAHA LOKAL MELALUI SEKTOR EKONOMI BASIS INDUSTRI KECIL MENENGAH (IKM DI KABUPATEN KAMPAR

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    eka armas pailis

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Program pengentasan kemiskinan di Kabupaten Kampar, maka memang juga harus diklasifikasi melalui by name and by address tentang kategorisasi kaum miskin itu dan kemudian memberikan layanan yang sesuai dengan kategori yang sudah ada. Namun masih perlu upaya untuk membangunnya melalui sector basis IKM dan pengembangan wirausaha local.Penelitian ini berusaha mencari pola pengembangan wirausaha local dana pa saja yang cocok untuk sector basis tersebut. Melalui survey kepada 30 orang IKM dan dianalisis dengan menggunakan LQ.Kabupaten Kampar berdasarkan analisis LQ memiliki  sektor basis berupa sektor usaha pertanian, sektor pertambangan & galian, dan sektor bangunan. Jenis kewirausahaan yang dapat dikembangkan di Kabupaten Kampar sebagai berikut : produk turunan perikanan, yaitu Salai ikan patin, nugget ikan patin, abon ikan patin, bakso patin, ikan asin patin, kerupuk ikan dan produk turunan ikan lainnya.Produk turunan kelapa sawit, seperti minyak goreng, minyak salad, sabun cuci, es krim, margarin dan lain-lain. Produk turunan dari buah-buahan tropis,seperti keripik nangka, keripik nenas; selai, dodol buah, sirup, tepung sari, buah-buahan kaleng. Produk lainnya yang dapat dikembangkan adalah Pandai besi dan Kue Tradisional. Kata Kunci: Pengembangan Wirausaha Lokal, Sektor Basis IKM

  15. Behavior of Bali Starling at Bali Barat National Park and Nusa Penida Island (PERILAKU JALAK BALI DI TAMAN NASIONAL BALI BARAT DAN PULAU NUSA PENIDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudaryanto .

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Jalak Bali (Leucopsar rothschildi sejak tahun 1966 dimasukan oleh International Union forConservation of Nature (IUCN Red List of Threatened Species dan Convention on International Trade inEndangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES. Jalak Bali dikelompokan sebagai satwa terancampunah dengan kategori kritis (Critically Endangered dan di Indonesia telah dilindungi sejak tahun 1970.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perilaku Jalak Bali di Taman Nasional Bali Barat danPulau Nusa Penida untuk konservasi burung tersebut. Metode yang digunakan adalah scan samplingdengan instataneous sampling. Perilaku Jalak Bali di Taman Nasional Bali Barat terdiri dari terbang17%, makan buah 3%, makan serangga 1%, menelisik bulu 15%, menegakkan jambul 6%, bobbing 7%,berkicau 40%, minum 0,5%, dan berjalan 10%. Sementara di Nusa Penida pada musim hujan terdiriterbang 13%, makan buah 19%, makan serangga 4%, menelisik bulu 7%, menegakkan jambul 7%, bobbing8%, berkicau 11%, minum 1%, 1% mandi, berjalan 16% , bersarang 2%, mengeram 9% dan mengasuh anak3%, dan di Nusa Penida pada musim kemarau terdiri terbang 11%, makan buah 9%, makan serangga21%, menelisik bulu 7%, menegakkan jambul 6%, bobbing 7%, berkicau 9%, minum 2%, mandi 1%, berjalan18% , dan bersarang 8%. Jalak Bali berkembang biak di Nusa Penida pada musim hujan dan musimkemarau, tetapi di Taman Nasional Bali Barat pada musim hujan.

  16. PEMANFAATAN ZAT WARNA ALAM DARI LIMBAH PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT DAN KAKAO SEBAGAI BAHAN PEWARNA KAIN BATIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titiek Pujilestari

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKPenelitian pemanfaatan limbah perkebunan kelapa sawit dan kakao sebagai bahan pewarna pada batik bertujuan untuk menggali sumber daya alam limbah perkebunan yang belum dimanfaatkan dan mencoba bahan baku baru untuk pewarna batik. Limbah perkebunan cangkang kelapa sawit dan kulit buah kakao merupakan sisa hasil proses pengolahan yang tidak termasuk dalam produk utama yang dianggap berpotensi menjadi beban pencemaran lingkungan jika tidak dikelola dengan baik. Kegiatan ini dibatasi pada pengambilan zat warna dari cangkang kelapa sawit dan kulit buah kakao dengan memakai pelarut air dan pelarut organik. Zat warna alam yang diperoleh digunakan sebagai pewarna pembatikan pada kain katun dan sutera. Fiksasi dilakukan dengan tiga jenis fiksator yaitu tawas, kapur dan tunjung. Pewarnaan dilakukan pada kain katun dan sutera dengan sistem celupan dingin sebanyak enam kali. Pengujian dilakukan terhadap ketahanan luntur warna akibat pencucian dan gosokan, arah dan beda warna. Hasil pengujian ketahanan luntur warna terhadap pencucian dan gosokan rata-rata menunjukan hasil cukup sampai baik sekali (3-5. Nilai kelunturan warna terhadap pencucian pada kain katun dengan pewarna cangkang kelapa sawit lebih baik daripada kulit buah kakao. Arah warna cangkang kelapa sawit menunjukkan warna coklat muda sampai coklat tua, sedang kulit buah kakao memberikan arah warna abu-abu sampai coklat tua. Pembacaan uji beda warna diperoleh rata-rata warna berada pada daerah antara kuning ke merah. Kata Kunci: cangkang kelapa sawit, kulit buah kakao, warna alam, batik  ABSTRACTUtilization of plantation waste as batik dyes research aims to explore the plantation waste potential asraw materials for batik dyeing. Plantation waste of palmkernel shell and cocoa fruit peel are side products of the main process thatbecome environmental pollution if not managed properly. This activity is restricted to making dyes from palmkernel shells and cocoa fruit peel by using water

  17. Detection of Cocoa Pod Borer Infestation Using Sex Pheromone Trap and its Control by Pod Wrapping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Rahmawati

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Cocoa pod borer (CPB, Conopomorpha cramerella Snellen (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae is a major pest of cocoa. Detection of the pest infestation using sex pheromone traps in the early growth and development of cocoa pods is important for an early warning system programme. In order to prevent the pest infestation the young pods were wrapped with plastic bags. A research to study the CPB incidence was conducted at cocoa plantations in Banjarharjo and Banjaroya villages, District of Kalibawang; Hargotirto and Hargowilis villages, District of Kokap; and Pagerharjo village, District of Samigaluh, Yogyakarta. The experiments design used RCBD with four treatments (sex pheromone trap, combination of sex pheromone trap and pod wrapping, pod wrapping, and control and five replications. As many as 6 units/ha pheromone traps were installed with a distance of 40 m in between. Results showed that one month prior to the trap installation in the experimental plots there were ripen cocoa pods as many as 9-13%, which were mostly infested by CPB. During the time period of introducting research on August to Desember 2016 there was not rambutan fruits as the CPB host, hence the CPB resource was from infested cocoa pods. The CPB moth trapped as many as 0−7 (1.13 ± 0.14 moths/6 traps/12 observations. The seed damage due to CPB larvae in the pheromone trap treatments (23.98% was relatively similar with the control (20.25%. Seed damage rate in combination treatment of pheromone trap and pod wrapping (0.59% was relatively the same with the pod wrapping (0.20%. The pheromone trap was more usefull for monitoring tool rather than for control, meanwhile pod wrapping was an effective control measure of CPB.   Intisari Penggerek Buah Kakao (PBK, Conopomorpha cramerella Snellen (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae merupakan salah satu hama utama kakao. Deteksi serangan hama PBK dengan perangkap feromon seks pada awal pertumbuhan dan perkembangan buah kakao penting dilakukan sebagai

  18. Study of transfer of trace elements from soil to medicinal plants in the environment of Mangalore

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prakash, V.; Narayana, Y.; Saxena, M.K.; Deb, S.B.; Nagar, B.K.; Ramakumar, K.L.

    2011-01-01

    The concentration of five trace elements Cr, As, Pb, Rb and Sr in seven medicinal plants Garcinia indica, Ficus benghalensis, Flacartia Montana, Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, Morinda citrifolia, Ficus recemosa, Barringtonia acutangula and associated soils were analyzed using ICP-MS. In plant the elemental concentrations of Cr, Pb, Rb and Sr vary widely and in soil the elemental concentrations of Cr, As and Sr showed wide variation. Selective enrichment of elements Rb and Sr was observed in some plants. The soil to plant transfer ratio was significant for Sr. The results of these systematic investigations are presented and discussed in this paper. (author)

  19. PENGUJIAN BEBERAPA JENIS INSEKTISIDA NABATI TERHADAP KUTU BERAS (Sitophilus oryzae L

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    Muhammad Isnaini

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study first to determine whether or not capable of  natural insecticides to kill Sitophilus oryzae L and to determine effective of  natural insecticides to kill Sitophilus oryzae L. This type of research is an experimental research with quantitative descriptive and The data collection techniques used is the observation and documentation. The data analyzed with ANOVA analysis techniques followed by BJND test. Based on the comparison of the calculated F value contained in the ANOVA analysis is greater than the F table , either at the significant level of 5 % and the 1% significance level (79.57 > 2.67 / 4:43. Thus stated that H1 accepted and rejected H0. The results showed that the first, the natural insecticide able to kill Sitophilus oryzae L and mortality rate highest in Cymbopogon citratus treatment that is equal to 13.2 with the total percentage of mortality of 66%, both effective plant-based insecticides to kill Sitophilus oryzae L that leaves just Cymbopogon citratus (66% and Morinda citrifolia L (60%.The conclusions obtained from this study: First, some kind of  natural insecticide able to kill Sitophilus oryzae L,  second based on the results of the ANOVA analysis of all types of insecticides to kill Sitophilus oryzae L effectively, but if effectiveness was seen by the number of mortality up to 50 % or more, then just Cymbopogon citratus and Morinda citrifolia L.

  20. Traditional local medicines in the republic of Palau and non-communicable diseases (NCD), signs of effectiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graz, Bertrand; Kitalong, Christopher; Yano, Victor

    2015-02-23

    The aim of this survey was to describe which traditional medicines (TM) are most commonly used for non-communicable diseases (NCD - diabetes, hypertension related to excess weight and obesity) in Pacific islands and with what perceived effectiveness. NCD, especially prevalent in the Pacific, have been subject to many public health interventions, often with rather disappointing results. Innovative interventions are required; one hypothesis is that some local, traditional approaches may have been overlooked. The method used was a retrospective treatment-outcome study in a nation-wide representative sample of the adult population (about 15,000 individuals) of the Republic of Palau, an archipelago of Micronesia. From 188 respondents (61% female, age 16-87, median 48,), 30 different plants were used, mostly self-prepared (69%), or from a traditional healer (18%). For excess weight, when comparing the two most frequent plants, Morinda citrifolia L. was associated with more adequate outcome than Phaleria nishidae Kaneh. (P=0.05). In case of diabetes, when comparing Phaleria nishidae (=Phaleria nisidai) and Morinda citrifolia, the former was statistically more often associated with the reported outcome "lower blood sugar" (P=0.01). Statistical association between a plant used and reported outcome is not a proof of effectiveness or safety, but it can help select plants of interest for further studies, e.g. through a reverse pharmacology process, in search of local products which may have a positive impact on population health. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. RESEARCH ON MOBILE CONSUMER HABIT AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS FEMTOCELL SERVICES

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    Novika Chandra Astuti

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Femtocell is the new technology that may offer competitive value to mobile service providers for increasing their market share, retain the consumers and lower the operational cost ini providing the better signal especially inside building (indoor. This study investigate the habit and attitude of mobile consumers int two specific areas in Bandung; Buah Batu Regency and Mitra Dago-Antapani, toward the use of femtocell value and services. This study also considers the marketing implication the success of femtocell deployment in the future

  2. UPAYA PENUNDAAN PROSES PENUAAN (DEGENERATIF MENGGUNAKAN ANTIOKSIDAN DAN TERAPI SULIH HORMON

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    Mery Ramadani

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Proses penuaan adalah proses alami setiap manusia. Proses ini tidak dapat dicegah, hanya saja dapat ditunda kehadirannya dengan penggunaan antioksidan dan terapi sulih hormon. Antioksidan bekerja menetralkan radikal bebas di dalam tubuh. Sedangkan dengan terapi sulih hormon bisa membuat seseorang terlihat lebih muda, tetap bersemangat dan mampu bergerak serta berpikir aktif. Hasil penelitian ilmiah menunjukkan bahwa buah-buahan, sayuran dan biji-bijian adalah sumber antioksidan yang baik dan bisa meredam reaksi berantai radikal bebas dalam tubuh, yang pada akhirnya dapat menekan proses penuaan dini.   Kata kunci : Anti penuaan, antioksidan, terapi sulih hormon

  3. BATAS ATAS BILANGAN RAMSEY UNTUK GRAF BINTANG DAN GRAF BIPARTIT LENGKAP

    OpenAIRE

    Rosyida, Isnaini

    2008-01-01

    Misal G dan H dua buah graf sebarang, bilangan Ramsey R(G,H) adalah bilangan asli terkecil n sehingga untuk setiap graf F dengan n titik akan memuat G atau komplemen dari F memuat H. Makalah ini akan membahas batas atas dari bilangan Ramsey untuk graf bintang Sn dan graf bipartit lengkap Kp,q. Khususnya, kita akan menunjukkan batas atas dari R(Sn, K2,q) serta batas atas dari R(Sn, Kp,q) untuk n ≥ 5, 3 ≤ p ≤ n-1 dan q ≤ 2.Kata Kunci : Bilangan Ramsey, Graf Bintang dan Bipartit

  4. UJI POTENSI Gliocladium sp TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN TOMAT

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    Lina Herlina

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakMikroorganisme tanah seperti Gliocladium sp dapat bertindak sebagai dekomposer dan juga sebagai agen pengendali hayati patogen tanaman hal ini memberikan harapan untuk mengurangi penggunaan pupuk dan fungisida sintetik. Tujuan penelitian untuk menguji potensi biofertililzer Gliocladium sp terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi buah tomat. Variabel bebas yaitu bioferlizer Gliocladium sp  dengan dosis (g/tanaman 0,50, 100, 150, dan 200 .Variabel tergantung adalah pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman tomat. Parameter pertumbuhan yang diukur adalah  tinggi tanaman, kandungan klorofil a dan b. Parameter hasil tanaman yang diukur adalah berat buah setelah panen. Hasil uji Anava satu jalan menunjukkan bahwa pemberian Gliocladium sp perpengaruh terhadap tinggi tanaman, kandungan klorofil a dan klorofil b, berat tomat  . Hasil uji lanjut Duncan menunjukkan bahwa dosis 100, g 150 g dan 200 g tidak berbeda signifikan terhadap tinggi tanaman, dosis 150g dan 200 g tidak berbedan nyata dalam pembentukan klorofil a dan klorofil b. Pemberian Gliocladium dosis 150g paling tinggi terhadap berat buah. Simpulan dalam penelitian ini bahwa pemberian Gliokompos sp berpengaruh terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi buah tomat. AbstractSoil microorganisms such as Gliocladium sp. can play role in the decomposition and can also become the biological control of pathogenic plants. The animal is potentially reduce the use of fertilizers and synthetic fungidid. The aim of the study was to test the potential effect of biofertililzer Gliocladium sp. on the growth and production of tomatoes. The independent variables was biofertilizer Gliocladium sp. at various dosages (g/plant of 0, 50, 100, 150, dan 200. The dependent variables were the growth and the production of tomatoes. The growth parameter measured were plant height, as well as a and b chlorophyl contents.  The crop parameter was the fruit weight post-harvest.  A one-way anova showed that Gliocladium sp. affected the

  5. KANDUNGAN GIZI, RENDEMEN TEPUNG, DAN KADAR FENOL TOTAL ALPUKAT (Persea americana, Mill VARIETAS I JO PANJANG DAN I JO BUNDAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wuri Marsigit

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the study were to determine pulp proportion, dried pulp rendement, nutrient dan  total phenolic content avocado variety of Ijo Panjang dan Ijo Bundar. Variety of Ijo Panjang and Ijo Bundar were selected because both of varieties were categorized as excelent varities and recomendedto develop in Indonesia. Water, carbohydrate, protein, fat dan ash content were determined by using proxymate analysis (AOAC, vitamin A dan E using spectrophotometry method, vitamin C using titration method, dan minerals using AAS method. Total phenolic content were determined by using Follin-Cialcetau method. The result of the studies found that pulp portion Ijo Bundar Variety higher than Ijo Panjang. Water content dan zinc of Ijo Panjang variety higher than Ijo Bundar. Dried pulp rendement of Ijo Bundar higher than Ijo Panjang. Protein, fat,  ash, minerals (Fe, Na, K dan P avocado variety of Ijo Bundar higher than Ijo Panjang. Magnesium dan mangan content of both varieties have not significant different. Total phenolic content of pulp dan dried pulp were higher in Ijo Bundar than Ijo Bundar. Keywords: Pulp proportion, dried pulp rendement, nutrients dan total phenolics content   ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui proporsi daging buah, rendemen tepung, kandungan gizi dan fenol total alpukat varietas Ijo Panjang dan Ijo Bundar. Pemilihan kedua varietas tersebut karena merupakan varietas unggul dan direkomendasikan untuk dikembangkan di Indonesia. Kandungan, air, karbohidat, protein, lemak dan abu dilakukan dengan analisis proksimat (AOAC, kandungan vitamin A dan E dengan metode spektrofotometri dan vitamin C dengan metode titrasi, analisis mineral dengan metode AAS. Total fenol dianalisis dengan metode Folin-Ciocalteu. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa proporsi daging buah, kadar air, seng varietas Ijo Panjang lebih tinggi dibandingkan Ijo Bundar. Rendemen tepung alpukat lebih tinggi pada varietas Ijo Bundar. Kandungan protein, lemak, abu

  6. Pomegranate juice (Punica granatum as an ideal mouthrinse for fixed orthodontic patients

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    Haryono Utomo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Prevention of caries as well as periodontal disease is mandatory during orthodontic treatment. Nevertheless, the use of antiseptic mouthrinse is contraindicated for prolonged use. Pomegranate juice is a polyphenol-rich juice with high antioxidant capacity as well as antimicrobial properties. It has been shown to exert beneficial characteristics for orthodontic patients such as antioxidant and anti inflammatory effects. Moreover, it contained fluoride and phosphorous which are cariostatic. Previous study in fixed orthodontic patients revealed that rinsing with this juice showed reduced dental plaque and superior compared with chlorhexidine. If it has unwanted effect by reducing pro-inflammatory reaction that also needed in orthodontic movement is not clearly understood. Purpose: The aim of the present review was to discuss the beneficial and unwanted effect of pomegranate juice mouthrinse towards orthodontic treatment. Reviews: Pomegranate has antimicrobial activity, its methanolic skin extract is the most potent followed by seed juice. Nevertheless, seed juice is not only tastier, easier to make but also has mild antimicrobial potency which is beneficial for long-term use. Healthy periodontal tissue is preferable for orthodontic movement since it resulted in less unwanted bone resorption. Conclusion: Regarding its beneficial effect and safety of pomegranate juice if use daily mouthrinse in fixed orthodontic patients, it could be proposed as an ideal long term use mouthrinse for fixed orthodontic patients. However, further researches should be done to verify this concept.Latar belakang: Pencegahan karies dan penyakit periodontal sangat penting dalam perawatan ortodontik. Walaupun demikian, penggunaan obat kumur antiseptik jangka panjang merupakan kontraindikasi. Jus buah delima sangat kaya akan polifenol dengan kemampuan antioksidan yang tinggi disertai kemampuan antimikroba. Beberapa penelitian telah menunjukkan dampak menguntungkan

  7. PERENCANAAN PONDASI TIANG PANCANG DENGAN MEMPERHITUNGKAN PENGARUH LIKUIFAKSI PADA PROYEK PEMBANGUNGAN HOTEL DI LOMBOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUHAMMAD ILHAM GUMILANG SYAFEI

    2017-01-01

    2000. Tujuannya untuk mengetahui reaksi pada dasar bangunan. Permodelan struktur bangunan atas terdri atas 2 jenis, yaitu permodelan pada kondisi likuifaksi dan tidak likuifaksi. Dari hasil perhitungan yang telah dilakukan maka didapatkan jumlah kebutuhan pondasi tiang pancang untuk masing-masing kondisi.Kondisi 1 menggunakan PC spun pile diameter 1000 mm sejumlah 192 buah. Kondisi 2 menggunakan bored pile diameter 800 mm sejumlah 192 buah. Kondisi 3 dan kondisi 4 menggunakan PC spun pile diameter 600 mm sejumlah 192 buah dan 256 buah untuk masing-masingnya.

  8. Perancangan dan Pembuatan Alat Uji Beban Generator Set Menggunakan Larutan Potassium Hydroxide dengan Mekanisme Rack and Pinion sebagai Penggerak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arief Nurrahman

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Alat uji beban Generator Set (Genset merupakan suatu instrumen yang bertujuan untuk pemeriksaan dan penilaian performa genset pada saat diberi beban (ampere sesuai dengan label yang tertera pada mesin. Alat uji ini mempunyai sistem kerja yang sama dengan sistem elektrolisis. Larutan potassium hydroxide (KOH berfungsi sebagai larutan elektrolit dan tembaga persegi (Cu bar berfungsi sebagai elektroda. Terdapat perbedaan penggunaan jumlah elektroda untuk genset 1 phasa dengan 3 phasa (genset 1 phasa menggunakan 2 buah elektroda yaitu phasa dan netral, sedangkan genset 3 phasa menggunakan 3 buah elektroda sebagai phasa yaitu R, S, T. Didapatkan beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhi besarnya ampere yang dikeluarkan genset antara lain: banyaknya  Cu yang masuk ke larutan, jarak elektroda yang satu dengan yang lainnya, dan kepekatan larutan. Indikator beban yang diterima oleh genset dapat dilihat di panel control alat uji ini, di panel manual single operation yang ada pada unit genset atau secara manual dengan menggunakan digital clamp ampere meter yang di clamp ke kabel phasa. Alat ini telah berhasil menguji genset dan mampu mengeluarkan daya maksimal 6600Watt. Adapun kapasitas genset yang bisa di uji adalah minimum 660Watt sampai 6600Watt dengan pengaturan yang ideal yaitu molaritas 0,01M sampai 0,02M dan jarak elektroda ke elektroda 250mm sampai 200mm.

  9. Rancang Bangun Vacuum Cleaner Dengan Pengendali Nirkabel Menggunakan Modul Rf Data Transceiver Ys-1020ub Berbasis Mikrokontroler At89s52

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IGAP Raka Agung

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Kebersihan merupakan hal yang sangat penting untuk menjaga kesehatan kita, khususnya kebersihan rumah. Rumah yang bersih sangat mempengaruhi kesehatan para penghuninya. Debu adalah kotoran yang paling sering mengotori rumah kita terutama pada bagian lantai. Setiap hari kita harus membersihkan rumah dari debu yang ada pada lantai untuk menjaga kebersihan sekaligus kesehatan kita. Dalam membersihkan lantai rumah dari  debu sering menyita banyak waktu dan tenaga. Vacuum cleaner terkendali nirkabel menggunakan Modul RF Data Transceiver YS-1020UB berbasis mikrokontroler AT89S52 merupakan salah satu solusi untuk membersihkan lantai rumah dari kotoran debu.  Vacuum cleaner ini menggunakan enam buah motor DC yaitu dua motor DC penyedot debu, dua motor DC penentu arah maju, mundur, belok kanan, dan belok kiri, serta dua motor DC penentu arah geser kanan dan geser kiri.  Vacuum cleaner ini dapat dikendalikan dengan dua mode operasi yaitu mode manual dan otomatis. Pada mode manual vacuum cleaner ini dikendalikan menggunakan remote control, dengan tranmisi nirkabel memakai transceiver YS-1020UB. Sedangkan pada mode otomatis  vacuum cleaner ini menggunakan empat buah sensor jarak untuk menghindari tabrakan pada dinding.  Vacuum cleaner dengan pengendali nirkabel menggunakan modul RF Data Transceiver YS-1020UB berbasis mikrokontroler AT89S52 sudah bisa membersihkan debu lantai sehingga lantai bersih dari debu.

  10. Produksi Manggis pada Beberapa Kelompok Umur Tanaman dan Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Produksi Manggis di Kabupaten Sukabumi, Jawa Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utami Nuraniputri

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Mangosteen is one of the prospective horticultural commodities in Indonesia. Mangosteen has been set as national commodities in RUSNAS Buah  (Fruit of the National Strategic Research since 2000. Mangosteen production in Indonesia has increased rapidly. In 1997 the production of mangosteen in Indonesia amounted to 17 475 tonnes and increased to 114 755 tonnes in 2014. However, mangosteen production in Indonesia is not optimal, because the productivity  is still low. The average Indonesian mangosteen tree can produce 30-50 kg of fruit per tree, lower than in Malaysia, Thailand and India were able to reach the 200-300 kg of fruit per tree. Mangosteen production centers in Indonesia are in the province of West Java, with a contribution of 41% of the total production of mangosteen in Indonesia in 2012. In West Java , mangosteen production centers scattered in Five Districts, namely Tasikmalaya, Subang, Sukabumi, Bogor and Ciamis Districts. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the level of production and the factors that affect the production of mangosteen in Sukabumi. The results showed that the production of mangosteen in Sukabumi is still low and has not reached the production target set by Direktorat Tanaman Buah. Factors that influence the production of mangosteen in Sukabumi are the number and ages of productive plants owned by farmers.

  11. Studi Eksperimen Pengaruh Dimensi Pipa Kapiler Pada Sistem Air Conditioning Dengan Pre-Cooling

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    Awan Satya Darmawan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan air conditioner semakin banyak digunakan pada kehidupan sehari-hari diiringi dengan harga jual energi yang semakin mahal. Pada studi eksperimen kali ini mencoba mengoptimalisasi dan menigkatkan efisiensi energi pada sistem air conditioner dengan cara menambahkan satu buah evaporator dan satu buah pre-cooling, dimana pre-cooling dimanfaatkan untuk memanaskan air yang nantinya akan digunakan untuk keperluan rumah tangga. Pada sistem pengkondisian udara yang telah dimodifikasi tersebut maka dilakukan studi eksperimen dengan variasi panjang pipa kapiler, diameter pipa kapiler d=0,054 in, dengan panjang kapiler 1 = 35 cm, kapiler 2 = 65 cm, kapiler 3 = 95 cm. Hasil yang didapat dari studi eksperimen kali ini adalah semakin bertambahnya panjang pipa kapiler, kapasitas pendinginan evaporator, kerja kompresor dan COP dari sistem juga akan semakin kecil dan juga mengakibatkan temperatur masuk evaporator akan semakin kecil, yang akan mengakibatkan efek pendinginan akan semakin besar. Pada variasi pipa kapiler terpendek 35 cm menghasilkan data kapasitas pendinginan total sebesar 2,25 kW, kerja kompresor 0,433 kW, temperatur masuk evaporator 7,26°C, COP sebesar 5,21 dan HRR sebesar 1,16. Sedangkan pada variasi pipa kapiler terpanjang 95 cm kapasitas pendinginan total sebesar 0,72 kW, kerja kompresor 0,332 kW, temperatur masuk evaporator 1,64°C, COP sebesar 4,35 dan HRR sebesar 1,26.

  12. GUDANG-GUDANG DI KARAWANG: KELETAKAN DAN FUNGSINYA DALAM SEJARAH PERNIAGAAN MASA HINDIA BELANDA The Storehouses In Karawang: Location and Functions On Commerce History in The Netherlands Indie Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Libra Hari Inagurasi

    2014-06-01

    Abstrak Tulisan ini mencoba membahas keberadaan gudang-gudang kuna kolonial di Karawang, yang selama ini belum banyak ditulis. Topik gudang dalam tulisan ini dikaitkan dengan konteks perniagaan lokal, yang berlangsung di wilayah Karawang dengan daerah sekitarnya pada periode akhir Hindia Belanda. Melalui tulisan ini berhasil diungkapkan dua buah gudang kuna dari masa Hindia Belanda pada akhir abad ke-19 hingga awal abad ke-20, yakni gudang di Tanjungbungin dan gudang di Cilamaya. Letak dua buah gudang berada di tepi Ci Tarum, jalur perniagaan antara Tanjungbungin dengan Batavia, dan berada stasiun kereta Cilamaya jalur perniagaan antara Cilamaya dengan Cikampek. Jenis-jenis komoditas penting yang didistribusikan, misalnya, garam,  padi, ikan, kayu, dan kapur. Gudang berfungsi sebagai tempat penyimpanan garam, padi, yang  didistribusikan dari Laut Jawa menuju ke Tanjungbungin, dan dari Cilamaya ke Cikampek. Garam dan padi merupakan jenis-jenis komoditas penting untuk kebutuhan konsumsi sehari-hari. Tulisan bertema gudang di Karawang ini berhasil diselesaikan setelah melalui tahap-tahap penelusuran literatur, deskripsi data gudang kuna, dan sintesa antara data arkeologi dengan sumber tertulis.   Kata kunci: gudang, komoditas perniagaan lokal, Karawang, Hindia  Belanda.

  13. Perancangan Sistem Stabilisasi Kamera Tiga Sumbu dengan Metode Kontrol Fuzzy untuk Mobile Surveillance Robot

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    Fahrezi Alwi Muhammad

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Robot pengintaian (surveillance robot sering digunakan pada militer untuk melakukan tugas pengintaian sehingga tidak perlu membahayakan nyawa manusia karena dikendalikan dari jarak jauh. Robot pengintai memiliki kamera yang diletakkan di atas robot. Ketika melakukan pengamatan menggunakan kamera ini, seringkali pengamatan terganggu akibat guncangan-guncangan yang terjadi pada kamera. Guncangan ini disebabkan karena permukaan jalan yang dilalui oleh robot tidak rata. Sistem stabilisasi kamera adalah perangkat yang digunakan untuk menghilangkan guncangan dan menjaga posisi kamera agar kamera dapat mengambil gambar dengan baik pada suatu sudut pandang tertentu. Pada tugas akhir ini, dibuat sebuah sistem stabilisasi untuk robot pengintai dengan dua buah sensor gyroscope MPU-6050 untuk mengetahui kecepatan sudut guncangan dan kecepatan sudut kamera, mikrokontroler Arduino Mega sebagai pusat kontrol dan tiga buah motor DC brushless sebagai aktuator. Metode kontrol yang ditanamkan pada sistem terdiri dari tiga sistem Fuzzy untuk menangani sumbu pitch, roll, dan yaw. Pada tugas akhir ini diujikan dua metode. Metode pertama menggunakan satu sensor gyroscope sebagai nilai feedback, metode kedua menggunakan dua sensor gyroscope sebagai nilai feedback dan set point. Standar deviasi pada pengujian perekaman video tanpa kontrol untuk pixel x 40.57 dan pixel y 32.95. Standar deviasi dengan metode pertama untuk pixel x 24.73 adalah dan pixel y 21.73, Sedangkan standar deviasi metode kedua untuk pixel x 16.70 dan pixel y 22.44.

  14. Perancangan dan Implementasi Kontroler PID dengan Nonlinear Decoupling pada Sistem Kendali UAV Quadcopter

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    Muhammad Jadid Anggarjito

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Quadcopter merupakan salah salah satu jenis rotorcraft yang memiliki 4 buah rotor yang harus dikendalikan masing-masing rotornya untuk dapat menggerakkan quadcopter. Gerak lateral merupakan gerak quadcopter secara horizontal pada ketinggian atau gerak translasi, gerakan ini sangat vital untuk memenuhi kebutuhan quadcopter dalam mencapai way-to-way point yang telah ditentukan. Pada tugas akhir ini untuk mengatur gerakan lateral dari quadcopter digunakan sistem kendali PID dengan Decoupling Nonlinear. Ada 2 buah kontroler individual yang digunakan yaitu kontroler PID dengan Nonlinear Decoupling untuk mengatur pitch dan roll gerak rotasi, serta kontroler PD untuk mengatur translasi sumbu X dan sumbu Y. Perancangan sistem kontrol PID Decoupling Nonlinear pada simulasi yang digunakan untuk mempertahankan gerak lateral quadcopter dalam mencapai way-to-way point yang ditentukan. Nilai parameter yang didapatkan dari hasil tuning terstruktur pada simulasi adalah pada kontroler PID dengan Nonlinear Decoupling pitch dan roll Kp=5 Ki=0,01 Kd=10 sedangkan pada kontroler PD sumbu X dan sumbu Y Kp=0,05 Kd=0,2. Respon hasil implementasi pada quadcopter belum sesuai pada hasil simulasi. Pada hasil simulasi masih terdapat koreksi pada translasi sumbu X dan sumbu Y masih terdapat kesalahan sebesar ± 0,02 cm, sedangkan pada implementasi gerak lateral menggunakan remote control sistem dapat bergerak stabil menuju way-to-way point yang ditentukan.

  15. PENDETEKSIAN KANKER PARU–PARU DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TRANSFORMASI WAVELET DAN METODE LINEAR DISCRIMINANT ANALYSIS

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    Hanung Tyas Saksono

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Kanker merupakan pertumbuhan dan penyebaran sel-sel abnormal yang memiliki karakteristik yang khas. Kanker yang sudah menyebar dan tidak dapat terkontrol lagi, biasanya akan menyebabkan kematian. Kanker paru-paru lebih sering menyebabkan pria meninggal dibanding kanker lain, dimana yang sering menjadi penyebab kanker paru-paru adalah merokok. Cara yang digunakan untuk mendeteksi kanker paru-paru ialah melalui pemeriksaan hasil foto rontgen dada. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan suatu sistem aplikasi yang dapat mendiagnosa citra paru-parudan mengklasifikasikan paru-paruke dalam tipe kanker, normal atau efusi serta menganalisa performansi sistem yang digunakan dalam proses pengenalan citra paru-paru. Proses pendeteksian diawali dengan pemrosesan awal pada citra paru-paru, proses ekstraksi ciri menggunakan Transformasi Wavelet, dan proses klasifikasi menggunakan Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA. Pemrosesan awal dilakukan untuk membuang informasi yang tidak dibutuhkan dalam pengolahan citra. Proses ekstraksi ciri dilakukan dengan cara mengurangi dimensi citra paru- paru yang akan menjadi masukan pada proses pengenalan menggunakan LDA. Pada penelitian ini citra latih yang digunakan adalah 60 buah citra, yang terdiri dari 20 kelas citra kondisi normal, 20 kelas citra kondisi kanker, dan 20 kelas citra kondisi efusi. Citra uji yang akan digunakan juga berjumlah 60 buah citra, yang tediri dari 20 citra untuk masing-masing kelas. Akurasi yang dihasilkan sistem pada pendeteksian kanker paru-paru ini sebesar 100% untuk citra latih dan 95% untuk citra uji.

  16. PERANCANGAN PENGERING KERUPUK RAMBAK DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN KOMBINASI ENERGI SURYA DAN ENERGI BIOMASSA KAYU BAKAR

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    Okka Adiyanto

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Kerupuk merupakan salah satu makanan ringan yang sangat digemari oleh masyarakat Indonesia dan sering dijadikan sebagai pelengkap berbagai sajian makanan atau sebagai lauk pauk. Permasalahan mendasar dalam pengelolaan industri kerupuk terdapat pada proses pengeringan Salah satu bentuk pengering yang cocok untuk diterapkan dalam proses pengeringan pada kerupuk yaitu bentuk rak pengeringan yang mengkombinasikan kombinasi energi matahari dan tungku biomassa sebagai sumber energi untuk proses pengeringan. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk membuat rancangan bangunan pengering yang hygienis dan juga untuk memanfaatkan energi matahari dan energi  biomassa kayu bakar. Dalam penelitian ini panas dari proses penggorengan dan pengukusan disalurkan pada pipa pemindah panas yang terbuat dari tanah liat dan bermuara pada sebuah cerobong asap. Bangunan pengeringan terbuat dari tembok yang dilengkapi dengan ventilator. Atap bangunan pengering menggunakan bahan polikarbonat yang dimaksudakan agar dapat menangkap gelombang panjang dari sinar matahari sehingga dapat memanfaatkan efek rumah kaca. Tahapan dalam penelitian ini yaitu menentukan kapasitas bangunan, merancangan ketinggian cerobong, ukuran tungku, jumlah pipa pemindah panas, ketebalan dinding, dan jumlah ventilator.Bangunan pengering ini memiliki ukuran 450 cm x 350 cm x 300 cm. Pipa pemindah panas yang dibutuhkan sebanyak 34 buah dan ketebalan plaster pada dinding yaitu 27,735 cm tiap sisi-sisinya. Ketebalan pintu yaitu 6 cm yang terbuat dari anyaman bambu. Jumlah ventilator yang dibutuhkan sebanyak 2 buah dengan ukuran 12 inch.

  17. Analisa Link Balancing dan Failover 2 Provider Menggunakan Border Gateway Protocol (BGP Pada Router Cisco 7606s

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    Darmawan Darmawan

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Sistem link balancing dan failover merupakan salah satu cara yang dapat digunakan untuk membagi beban traffic dari client pada beberapa koneksi internet, dapat sebagai backup/failover ketika salah satu koneksi internet mengalami gangguan. Pada perancangan sistem ini digunakan 4 buah router, yaitu terdiri dari satu router cisco 7606s yang berfungsi sebagai main gateway yang mengatur sistem failover dan link balancing menuju ke 2 buah router mikrotik RB951G 2HND sebagai jalur kedua ISP dan router mikrotik CCR1036-12G-4S sebagai gateway dari FTP server. Tiap router tersebut memiliki Autonomus System Number yang berbeda yang saling berkomunikasi menggunakan routing Border Gateway Protocol (BGP. Dari hasil pengujian penggunaan link balancing dengan besar bandwidth 10 mb/s, didapatkan throughput 794 KB/s, sedangkan yang tidak menggunakan link balancing dengan bandwidth sebesar 20 mb/s, didapatkan nilai throughput hanya 136 KB/s. Penggunaan link balancing dapat memanfaatkan besar bandwidth yang ada dan meningkatkan throughput, dibandingkan tidak menggunkan link balancing. Pada pengujian delay, menggunakan link balancing hanya delay 1.24 ms, sedangkan tidak menggunakan metode link balancing mencapai 8.19 ms. Nilai latency didapatkan 12 ms untuk menggunakan link balancing sedangkan tidak menggunkan metode link balancing mencapai 1896 ms.

  18. Karakterisasi Carica pubescens di Dataran Tinggi Dieng, Jawa Tengah berdasarkan sifat morfologi, kapasitas antioksidan, dan pola pita protein

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    AINUN NIKMATI LAILY

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Laily AN, Suranto, Sugiyarto. 2012. Karakterisasi Carica pubescens di Dataran Tinggi Dieng, Jawa Tengah berdasarkan sifat morfologi, kapasitas antioksidan, dan pola pita protein. Bioteknologi 9: 7-13. Carica pubescens Lenne & K. Koch merupakan jenis tanaman buah yang pertamakali dibudidayakan di Amerika Selatan dan beradaptasi pada lingkungan dataran tinggi, misalnya Dataran Tinggi Dieng, Jawa Tengah (∼2000 m dpl. C. pubescens memiliki daerah persebaran sempit dan variasi intraspesies terbatas atau belum diketahui. Oleh karenanya, diperlukan informasi mengenai karakter tanaman pada berbagai ketinggian sehingga dimungkinkan untuk memperluas daerah penyebaran melalui transplantasi di daerah lain. Karakterisasi dapat dilakukan berdasarkan karakter morfologi, kandungan kimia, dan pola pita protein. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan karakter morfologi, kandungan kimia (kapasitas antioksidan, dan pola pita protein dengan pewarnaan commasie brillian blue pada C. pubescens di Dataran Tinggi Dieng. Penelitian lapangan dilakukan di Desa Kejajar (1400 m dpl, Patak Banteng (1900 m dpl, dan Sembungan (2400 m dpl. Pengamatan karakter morfologi dilakukan di lapangan dan dilanjutkan di laboratorium. Karakter morfologi, kandungan kimia (kapasitas antioksidan, dan pola pita protein C. pubescens dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakter morfologi C. pubescens di Dataran Tinggi Dieng bervariasi pada batang, daun, dan buah. Kapasitas antioksidannya bervariasi dengan urutan dari ketinggian 2400 m dpl > 1900 m dpl > 1400 m dpl. Pola pita proteinnya tidak bervariasi antar ketinggian, namun berbeda dengan C. papaya. Keseragaman pola pita protein menunjukkan kestabilan genetik C. pubescens tidak dipengaruhi oleh perubahan lingkungan.

  19. SIMULASI TURBIN CROSSFLOW DENGAN JUMLAH SUDU 18 SEBAGAI PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK PICOHYDRO

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    Edy Suryono

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK   Dewasa ini isu krisis energi terus berkembang, dimana dibutuhkan energi terbarukan agar dapat menggantikan energi  fosil yang menurut perkiraan akan segera habis, sehingga apabila tidak ada energi yang terbarukan maka manusia akan kekurangan energi. Salah satu upaya pengembangan energi terbarukan adalah  dengan pengembangan pembangkit listri bertenaga air yang bernama picohydro, dimana picohydro ini dapat menghasilkan energi listrik kurang dari 5 kW. Hal ini terutama diaplikasikan untuk debit air yang rendah. Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk mensimulasikan turbin crossflow pada komponen pembangkit picohydro. Turbin berdiameter 13.5 cm, diameter shaft 3 cm, diameter inlet 4 cm dan jumlah sudu sebanyak 18 buah. Simulasi menggunakan software gambit dan CFD Fluent. Desain terdiri dari inlet, outlet, fluida rotate dan wall. Inlet diatur dengan kecepatan 6 m/s, turbulent intensity 5% dan hydraulic diameter 0,04 m. Fluida rotate diseting pada kondisi moving reference frame. Equisize skew mesh diatur dengan rentang nilai 0-1 dan aspect ratio mesh dari desain bernilai 1-3. Simulasi dari turbin crossflow dengan sudu 18 buah menghasilkan kecepatan rotasi sudu sebesar 16.5 rad/s atau angular velocity sebesar 157.5633 rpm, dan moment sebesar 290.39 Nm. Sehingga daya optimal yang dihasilkan adalah sebesar 4791 watt (4.791 kw.   Kata kunci:  picohydro, crossflow,  CFD Fluent,

  20. Improvement of cocoa-pod husk using sheep rumen liquor for tilapia diet

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    Dedi Jusadi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of sheep rumen liquor enzyme addition on the reduction of cocoa-pod husk meal (CPHM fiber content, and the digestibility of hydrolyzed CPHM for tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. In the first trial, sheep rumen liquor enzyme was added with various concentration, i.e. 0, 50, 100 and 150 mL/kg CPHM with three different incubation periods, namely 0, 12, and 24 hours. In the second trial, digestibility was determined by the addition of Cr2O3 as the indicator in both reference and experimental diets, i.e. feed with hydrolyzed CPHM and unhydrolyzed CPHM. Tilapia with an average body weight of 3.86±0.44 g were stocked at a density of 15 fish/aquarium and were maintained for 15 days. In the first trial, CPHM hydrolyzed with 150 mL/kg and incubated for 12 and 24 hour showed the lowest crude fiber content (21.38% and 21.67%. Apparent digestibility coefficient of hydrolyzed CPHM was 33.95%, which was higher than unhydrolyzed CPHM (10.97%. As conclusions sheep rumen liquor enzyme addition was effective to decrease crude fiber content of CPHM and improve the apparent digestibility coefficient of CPHM for tilapia diet. Keywords: sheep rumen liquor enzyme, cocoa-pod husk meal, digestibility, tilapia  ABSTRAK Dua tahap penelitian dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi penambahan enzim cairan rumen domba dalam menurunkan kandungan serat kasar kulit buah kakao (KBK dan mengevaluasi ketercernaan KBK yang telah dihidrolisis dengan enzim cairan rumen domba dalam pakan ikan nila Oreochromis niloticus. Pada penelitian tahap satu, enzim cairan rumen domba ditambahkan dengan konsentrasi yang berbeda yaitu 0, 50, 100, dan 150 mL/kg KBK dengan lama inkubasi yang berbeda yaitu 0, 12, dan 24 jam. Pada penelitian tahap dua, nilai ketercernaan ditentukan dengan menggunakan indikator Cr2O3 yang ditambahkan ke dalam pakan acuan dan pakan perlakuan, yaitu pakan dengan penambahan KBK yang telah dihidrolisis dengan dosis